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1

Publicly-accessible QSAR software tools developed by the Joint Research Centre  

Microsoft Academic Search

To promote the availability of reliable computer-based estimation methods for use in the regulatory assessment of chemicals, the European Chemicals Bureau (ECB) within the European Commission's Joint Research Centre (JRC) has developed a range of user-friendly and freely available software tools. The article gives an overview of four of these tools, explaining their main functionalities and applicability: Toxtree, Toxmatch, DART

M. Pavan; A. P. Worth

2008-01-01

2

The glenohumeral joint rotation centre in vivo  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within the framework of the current call for standardization in upper extremity research, three methods to determine the glenohumeral joint rotation centre in vivo were tested. Therefore, subjects performed humeral movements, while a 3D electromagnetic tracking device registered the motion of the humerus with respect to the scapula. For the first method to estimate the glenohumeral joint rotation centre five

M. Stokdijk; J. Nagels; P. M. Rozing

2000-01-01

3

The glenohumeral joint rotation centre in vivo.  

PubMed

Within the framework of the current call for standardization in upper extremity research, three methods to determine the glenohumeral joint rotation centre in vivo were tested. Therefore, subjects performed humeral movements, while a 3D electromagnetic tracking device registered the motion of the humerus with respect to the scapula. For the first method to estimate the glenohumeral joint rotation centre five scapular bony landmarks served as input to regression equations. The second method fitted a sphere through the humeral position data and the third method calculated the rotation centre determining an optimal helical axis. The experiment consisted of two parts, at first one subject was measured 10 times, subsequently one observer measured 10 subjects twice and another observer measured these subjects once. The first part of the experiment demonstrated that all methods are capable to reproduce the rotation centre within 4mm, but the location of the centre differed significantly between methods (p<0.001). The second part, showed that inter- and intra-observer reliability was sufficiently for the sphere-fitting method and for the helical-axes method. The two observations of one observer differed significantly (p<0.008) using the regression method. The authors prefer the helical-axes method, it is a reliable and valid method which can be applied in movement registration of healthy subjects and patients with a shoulder endoprosthesis, it can be applied in hinge joints to determine a rotation axis instead of a rotation centre which is desirable in standardized upper extremity research, and calculation time is short. PMID:11006387

Stokdijk, M; Nagels, J; Rozing, P M

2000-12-01

4

Cluster Joint Science Operations Centre.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The role that the Cluster Joint Science Operations Center (JSOC) will play in the scientific operations of the Cluster mission is described. This includes the coordination of operations and commanding of the Cluster payload and the dissemination of scienc...

E. Dunford P. Vaughan E. Golton T. Dimbylow

1993-01-01

5

The effect of AIDS defining conditions on immunological recovery among patients initiating antiretroviral therapy at Joint Clinical Research Centre, Uganda  

PubMed Central

Background Many HIV-infected patients only access health care once they have developed advanced symptomatic disease resulting from AIDS Defining Conditions (ADCs). We carried out a study to establish the effect of ADCs on immunological recovery among patients initiated on antiretroviral therapy (ART). Methods A retrospective cohort of 427 HIV-1 patients who were initiated on ART between January 2002 and December 2006 was studied. Data on ADCs was retrieved from Joint Clinical Research Centre (JCRC) data base and backed up by chart reviews. We employed Kaplan-Meier survival curves to estimate median time to 50 CD4 cells/?l from the baseline value to indicate a good immunological recovery process. Cox proportional hazard models were used at multivariate analysis. Results The median time to gaining 50 CD4 cells/?l from the baseline value after ART initiation was longer in the ADC (9.3 months) compared to the non-ADC group (6.9 months) (log rank test, p = 0.027). At multivariate analysis after adjusting for age, sex, baseline CD4 count, baseline HIV viral load, total lymphocyte count and adherence level, factors that shortened the median time to immunological recovery after ART initiation were belonging to the non-ADC group (HR = 1.31; 95% CI: 1.03–1.28, p = 0.028), adherence to ART of ? 95% (HR = 2.22; 95% CI: 1.57–3.15, p = 0.001) and a total lymphocyte count ? 1200 cells/mm3 (HR = 1.84; 95% CI: 1.22–2.78, p = 0.003). A low baseline CD4 count of ? 200 cells/?l (HR = 0.52; 95% CI: 0.37–0.77, p = 0.001) was associated with a longer time to immunological recovery. There was no interaction between low CD4 counts and ADC group. Conclusion Patients with ADCs take longer to regain their CD4 counts due to the defect in the immune system. This may prolong their risk of morbidity and mortality.

Kigozi, Brian K; Sumba, Samwel; Mudyope, Peter; Namuddu, Betty; Kalyango, Joan; Karamagi, Charles; Odere, Mathew; Katabira, Elly; Mugyenyi, Peter; Ssali, Francis

2009-01-01

6

BC Cancer Research Centre  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located in Vancouver, the BC Cancer Research Centre (BCCRC) provides a place for scientists and researchers to "perform basic, epidemiologic, and clinical research on cancer prevention, early diagnosis of cancer, the molecular and genetic characteristics of the cancer process, and basic research related to new treatments of cancer." The BCCRC website connects visitors to information about various departments including Cancer Endocrinology, Cancer Imaging, Medical Biophysics, and Cancer Control Research -- to name a few. Site visitors can also locate BCCRC staff publications through specific researchers or by using the site search engine. Contact information for members of the large BCCRC research team is provided as well. Additionally, the site links to information about Job Posting, Training Opportunities, Donating, Partners, and more.

7

Crime Research Centre  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Maintained by the Law School at the University of Western Australia, the Crime Research Centre houses substantial data as well as information on scholarly publications, conferences, related Web links, and public lectures pertaining to the study of crime in Western Australia. Data include comprehensive statistics for general crime in Western Australia from 1994 to 1999 (the 1999 statistics were recently posted) as well as statistics on domestic violence, trends in violent crime, and rural crime and safety in the state. In addition, the publications section provides tables of contents and ordering information for over two dozen research and scholarly reports and books on criminal justice issues. (We wish that the Centre would place online the full text of at least those reports listed as "out of print.") The links page appears comprehensive for its topic, though unannotated.

8

Chronic Poverty Research Centre  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Chronic Poverty Research Centre (CPRC) is an international organization made up of partnerships with universities and research organizations all working to "stimulate national and international debate; deepen understanding of the causes of chronic poverty; and provide research, analysis and policy guidance." The CPRC's website has more than 400 publications that visitors can download. There are "Working Papers Series" for India, Bangladesh and West Africa, which address everything from child laborers, spatial inequality in social progress, and technological change in food production. There are also "Policy Briefs" and "Journal Articles" visitors can download. The "Toolbox" is an excellent and unique resource for researchers, donor agencies, and students to learn how to use a mix of methodological approaches to better reflect the multi-dimensionality and complexity of poverty. Visitors will find such areas of guidance as "Designing Research," "Collecting Data," "Dissemination," and "Impact Assessment" that can aid in producing relevant and rigorous research.

9

International Development Research Centre  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Development Research Centre (IDRC), a public corporation created by the Parliament of Canada, fosters social, environmental, and economic development worldwide by conducting research that produces the knowledge to solve problems. The IDRC Website is as deep as it is wide, providing access to lodes of information on development programs from its offices located in Ottawa, Singapore, Montevideo, Dakar, New Delhi, Cairo, and Johannesburg. The IDRC provides full-text publications (including several online books), research databases, project information, funding opportunities, and links to other valuable resources. The IDRC also contains a unique feature: The Resource Clock. The Clock tracks, in real-time, the increase of global population in opposition to the decrease in the amount of the world's arable land, offering a vivid reminder of humanity's impact upon the earth's ecosystems.

1998-01-01

10

Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website describes the Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre's work utilizing luminescence and radiocarbon dating. Through this expansive website, visitors can learn about the centre's many research projects including radioactive contamination, isotope geology, and environmental gamma spectrometry.

2008-03-12

11

Hip joint centre location: An ex vivo study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The human hip joint is normally represented as a spherical hinge and its centre of rotation is used to construct femoral anatomical axes and to calculate hip joint moments. The estimate of the hip joint centre (HJC) position using a functional approach is affected by stereophotogrammetric errors and soft tissue artefacts. The aims of this study were (1) to assess

Andrea Cereatti; Marco Donati; Valentina Camomilla; Fabrizio Margheritini; Aurelio Cappozzo

2009-01-01

12

University of Toronto Joint Centre for Bioethics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The growing interest in the field of bioethics should surprise few people, as many of the issues in this field continue to be of broad interest to the general public as well as to academics in the areas of medicine, public health, philosophy, and a host of others. The Joint Centre for Bioethics at the University of Toronto is a place where this type of work goes on in earnest, and in doing so, brings together diverse individuals from these various fields to provide earnest commentary and informed scholarship to the general public and fellow academics. Most persons visiting the site will want to look at the helpful "News Flash" features, which include working papers on such topics as "Nanotechnology and the Developing World" and "Learning from Terri Schiavo". Additionally, the site contains information on the group's various educational programs, lectures, and public outreach efforts, such as its electronic newsletter.

2007-04-15

13

Hellenic Centre for Marine Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located at several site in Greece, the Hellenic Centre for Marine Research was set up as a single institution in order to integrate government-funded marine science research in Greece. The Centre consists of five institutes: oceanography, aquaculture, marine biological resources, inland waters, and marine biology and genetics. The website includes information on services it provides, the center library, current research initiatives, and the center's two aquaria.

2011-06-06

14

National Centre for Social Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Center for Social Research is widely considered to be Britain's premier research group specializing in social surveys and qualitative research for the development and evaluation of public policy. Much of the centre's work is done on the behalf of various public organizations, such as research councils, charitable trusts, and foundations. At the homepage, visitors can read about the centre's various research units (such as the Survey Methods Centre), its respective methodologies and approaches, and recent work that has been conducted. One strong highlight of the site is the inclusion of a number of reports, organized thematically into such areas as leisure, housing, political attitudes, social security, and health. The papers truly run the gamut of social science research, including works titled Attitudes Towards Discrimination in Scotland, Low-Income Families and Household Spending, and Methodological Review of the Survey of English Housing (2003).

2007-03-21

15

Effects of hip joint centre mislocation on gait analysis results  

Microsoft Academic Search

Methods to determine the hip joint centre (HJC) location are necessary in gait analysis. It has been demonstrated that the methods proposed in the literature involve large mislocation errors. The choice should be made according to the extent by which HJC location errors distort the estimates of angles and resultant moments at the hip and knee joints. This study aimed

Rita Stagni; Alberto Leardini; Aurelio Cappozzo; Maria Grazia Benedetti; Angelo Cappello

2000-01-01

16

Centre for Economic Policy Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The London-based Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR) is a European economics research organization with uniquely wide-ranging scope and activities including development of initiatives with the producers, consumers, and sponsors of research. The CEPR Website offers a searchable database of its publications (discussion papers, policy papers, reports and books, the CEPR Bulletin, and newsletter), information on its various research projects, data links (industrial, international trade, macroeconomics, labor, public policy), links to other European financial research organizations, and more. The text of the Bulletin and newsletter may be downloaded for free, while the other papers can be downloaded or ordered via subscription. The Hot Topics page covers issues related to the IMF, WTO, and EMU, economic growth and fluctuations in the European Union, regulation of network industries in Europe, etc. Meeting announcements, contact information for researchers, and a press page are also featured. Researchers and librarians, in particular, might wish to register a profile (free) allowing for online meeting registration, custom start pages, and email subscriptions. This site is worth a look by anyone interested in international economic policy.

17

Hip joint centre localisation with an unscented Kalman filter  

Microsoft Academic Search

The accurate estimation of the hip joint centre (HJC) in gait analysis and in computer assisted orthopaedic procedures is a basic requirement. Functional methods, based on rigid body localisation, assessing the kinematics of the femur during circumduction movements (pivoting) have been used for estimating the HJC. Localising the femoral segment only, as it is usually done in total knee replacement

Elena De Momi; Elisa Beretta; Giancarlo Ferrigno

2012-01-01

18

Jointly Sponsored Research Program  

SciTech Connect

U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Cooperative Agreement DE-FC26-98FT40321 funded through the Office of Fossil Energy and administered at the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) supported the performance of a Jointly Sponsored Research Program (JSRP) at the Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC) with a minimum 50% nonfederal cost share to assist industry in commercializing and effectively applying highly efficient, nonpolluting energy systems that meet the nation's requirements for clean fuels, chemicals, and electricity in the 21st century. The EERC in partnership with its nonfederal partners jointly performed 131 JSRP projects for which the total DOE cost share was $22,716,634 (38%) and the nonfederal share was $36,776,573 (62%). Summaries of these projects are presented in this report for six program areas: (1) resource characterization and waste management, (2) air quality assessment and control, (3) advanced power systems, (4) advanced fuel forms, (5) value-added coproducts, and (6) advanced materials. The work performed under this agreement addressed DOE goals for reductions in CO{sub 2} emissions through efficiency, capture, and sequestration; near-zero emissions from highly efficient coal-fired power plants; environmental control capabilities for SO{sub 2}, NO{sub x}, fine respirable particulate (PM{sub 2.5}), and mercury; alternative transportation fuels including liquid synfuels and hydrogen; and synergistic integration of fossil and renewable resources.

Everett A. Sondreal; John G. Hendrikson; Thomas A. Erickson

2009-03-31

19

Polarimetry Data Reduction at the Joint Astronomy Centre  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

ORAC-DR is an automated data-reduction pipeline that has been used for on-line data reduction for infrared imaging, spectroscopy, and integral-field-unit data at UKIRT; sub-millimetre imaging at JCMT; and infrared imaging at AAT. It allows for real-time automated infrared and submillmetre imaging polarimetry and spectropolarimetry data reduction. This paper describes the polarimetry data-reduction pipelines used at the Joint Astronomy Centre, highlighting their flexibility and extensibility.

Cavanagh, B.; Jenness, T.; Currie, M. J.

2005-12-01

20

Early identification and marketing of innovative technologies: a case study of RTD result valorisation at the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre  

Microsoft Academic Search

The valorisation of Research and Technology Department results is key to the competitiveness of European industry. The increasing complexity of technological change, together with the societal request to streamline public expenditures, requires the development of methodologies and tools that facilitate the process of identification, selection and transfer of technologies. The methodology presented here facilitates planning at all stages of the

Pietro Moncada-Paternò-Castello; Jaime Rojo; Felix Bellido; Frédéric Fiore; Alexander Tübke

2003-01-01

21

Youth Research Centre Annual Report, 2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report details the activities of the Youth Research Centre (YRC) at the University of Melbourne in 2002 in research project work involving a balance between the completion of projects, the development of new areas, and the continuation of longer-term projects as well as the supervision and teaching of a range of postgraduate health and…

Melbourne Univ. (Australia). Youth Research Centre.

22

Multifactorial estimation of hip and knee joint centres for clinical application of gait analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Estimation of joint centres is required in gait analysis for kinematic and kinetic elaboration. In general, the method is based on regression equations and palpation of bone prominences. A kinematic approach can also be used at the hip joint but appears to be more demanding for the patients. The method presented here combines different independent approaches and is aimed at

C Frigo; M Rabuffetti

1998-01-01

23

Jointly Sponsored Research Program Energy Related Research  

SciTech Connect

Cooperative Agreement, DE-FC26-98FT40323, Jointly Sponsored Research (JSR) Program at Western Research Institute (WRI) began in 1998. Over the course of the Program, a total of seventy-seven tasks were proposed utilizing a total of $23,202,579 in USDOE funds. Against this funding, cosponsors committed $26,557,649 in private funds to produce a program valued at $49,760,228. The goal of the Jointly Sponsored Research Program was to develop or assist in the development of innovative technology solutions that will: (1) Increase the production of United States energy resources - coal, natural gas, oil, and renewable energy resources; (2) Enhance the competitiveness of United States energy technologies in international markets and assist in technology transfer; (3) Reduce the nation's dependence on foreign energy supplies and strengthen both the United States and regional economies; and (4) Minimize environmental impacts of energy production and utilization. Under the JSR Program, energy-related tasks emphasized enhanced oil recovery, heavy oil upgrading and characterization, coal beneficiation and upgrading, coal combustion systems development including oxy-combustion, emissions monitoring and abatement, coal gasification technologies including gas clean-up and conditioning, hydrogen and liquid fuels production, coal-bed methane recovery, and the development of technologies for the utilization of renewable energy resources. Environmental-related activities emphasized cleaning contaminated soils and waters, processing of oily wastes, mitigating acid mine drainage, and demonstrating uses for solid waste from clean coal technologies, and other advanced coal-based systems. Technology enhancement activities included resource characterization studies, development of improved methods, monitors and sensors. In general the goals of the tasks proposed were to enhance competitiveness of U.S. technology, increase production of domestic resources, and reduce environmental impacts associated with energy production and utilization. This report summarizes the accomplishments of the JSR Program.

Western Research Institute

2009-03-31

24

Business process management in a Brazilian public research centre  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to analyse how a Brazilian public research centre implemented business process management (BPM) highlighting the challenges of change that have to be dealt with in the stage developed by this organisation. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The first author of this paper accompanied the implementation of BPM in the research centre for 33 months in

Odemilson Fernando Sentanin; Fernando César Almada Santos; Charbel José Chiappetta Jabbour

2008-01-01

25

University of British Columbia Centre for Plant Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of British Columbia (UBC) Centre for Plant Research website displays a simple, yet ambitious, mission statement: "To explore, explain, and maintain plant life on earth." The Centre is associated with the UBC Botanical Garden, and focuses on the following research themes: Evolution and Biodiversity; Evolutionary Genomics; Plant Biotechnology and Breeding; Plant Physiology and Biotic Interactions; and Phytochemistry. The Centre website links to information about faculty and research scientists, listings of selected publications, and brief summaries of ongoing research. The site's Resources section is geared specifically for researchers and connects to Forums, a Links Database, and a weblog. The site also lists postgraduate, postdoctoral, and employment opportunities when available.

26

The development of centres of ossification of bones forming elbow joints in young swine.  

PubMed Central

Epiphyseal centres of ossification in the bones forming the elbow joints of pigs between one day and 15 weeks of age were examined radiographically, macroscopically, mesoscopically and microscopically. Thoracic limbs from 39 pigs were perfused with India ink or silicone rubber injection compound and the bones were dissected free of soft tissues. The humerus, ulna and radius were fixed in formalin or ethyl alcohol and then cleared by the modified Spalteholz technique. Bones were radiographed, examined grossly, and then cut into slabs for mesoscopical evaluation. Foci considered to be calcifying within cartilaginous anlage were selected for microscopical examination. It was concluded that the epiphyseal centre of ossification develops at different times in different sites in the bones forming the elbow joint. Centres of ossification are initiated when foci of chondrocytes adjacent to one side of a cartilage canal undergo hypertrophy and the inter-territorial matrix becomes calcified. Osteogenesis then proceeds in the calcified focus, presumably with osteoprogenitor cells that originate within the cartilage canals. Subsequently, each epiphyseal centre of ossification enlarges by one of two methods. Firstly, the layer of cartilage adjacent to the centre undergoes endochondral ossification, thus allowing for the circumferential growth of the epiphyseal centre of ossification. Secondly, foci of calcification develop adjacent to the ends of cartilage canals near the epiphyseal centre of ossification and eventually the focus of calcification coalesces with the developing epiphyseal centre of ossification, thus establishing a new ossification front. Endochondral ossification continues at the periphery of the mass of bone. Mesoscopical examination is more useful than radiographical evaluation for identifying small foci of calcification which precede epiphyseal centres of ossification. Images Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3 Fig. 4 Fig. 5 Fig. 6 Fig. 7 Fig. 8

Visco, D M; Hill, M A; Van Sickle, D C; Kincaid, S A

1990-01-01

27

A relational conceptual framework for multidisciplinary health research centre infrastructure  

PubMed Central

Although multidisciplinary and team-based approaches are increasingly acknowledged as necessary to address some of the most pressing contemporary health challenges, many researchers struggle with a lack of infrastructure to facilitate and formalise the requisite collaborations. Specialised research centres have emerged as an important organisational solution, yet centre productivity and sustainability are frequently dictated by the availability and security of infrastructure funds. Despite being widely cited as a core component of research capacity building, infrastructure as a discrete concept has been rather analytically neglected, often treated as an implicit feature of research environments with little specification or relegated to a narrow category of physical or administrative inputs. The terms research infrastructure, capacity, and culture, among others, are deployed in overlapping and inconsistent ways, further obfuscating the crucial functions of infrastructure specifically and its relationships with associated concepts. The case is made for an expanded conceptualisation of research infrastructure, one that moves beyond conventional 'hardware' notions. Drawing on a case analysis of NEXUS, a multidisciplinary health research centre based at the University of British Columbia, Canada, a conceptual framework is proposed that integrates the tangible and intangible structures that interactively underlie research centre functioning. A relational approach holds potential to allow for more comprehensive accounting of the returns on infrastructure investment. For those developing new research centres or seeking to reinvigorate existing ones, this framework may be a useful guide for both centre design and evaluation.

2010-01-01

28

Centre for Food Innovation -- Research Areas and Potential Projects.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Defence Science and Technology Organisation (DSTO) has entered into a collaborative research agreement with The University of Tasmania (UTAS) and CSIRO to work on areas of mutual interest in food science and technology within the recently formed Centr...

L. Bui P. Capela T. K. Hay

2013-01-01

29

Joint Center for Energy Storage Research  

SciTech Connect

The Joint Center for Energy Storage Research (JCESR) is a major public-private research partnership that integrates U.S. Department of Energy national laboratories, major research universities and leading industrial companies to overcome critical scientific challenges and technical barriers, leading to the creation of breakthrough energy storage technologies. JCESR, centered at Argonne National Laboratory, outside of Chicago, consolidates decades of basic research experience that forms the foundation of innovative advanced battery technologies. The partnership has access to some of the world's leading battery researchers as well as scientific research facilities that are needed to develop energy storage materials that will revolutionize the way the United States and the world use energy.

Eric Isaacs

2012-11-30

30

DOE-EERC jointly sponsored research program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Cooperative Agreement DE-FC21-93MC30098 funded through the Office of Fossil Energy and administered at the Federal Energy Technology Center (FETC) supported the performance of a Jointly Sponsored Research Program (JSRP) at ...

J. G. Hendrikson E. A. Sondreal

1999-01-01

31

ERCOMER: European Research Centre on Migration and Ethnic Relations  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

ERCOMER is a university-based research institute devoted to the specialist study of migration and ethnic relations at a European level. The site offers information on research activities, funding, publications, training activities, meetings, and professional networking activities. Two important links from the ERCOMER site lead to EDCOMER, the European Documentation Centre and Observatory on Migration and Ethnic Relations, and the excellent and well established WWW Virtual Library on Migration and Ethnic Relations. Merger, the center's newsletter, is also available online.

1997-01-01

32

CER: Centre for Environmental Research at the University of Limerick  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Centre for Environmental Research (CER) encompasses research in many science areas at the University of Limerick including biochemistry, hydrogeology, geochemistry, and hydrology. The website features the current projects of the director, Professor Richard Moles, whose interests incorporate "integrated assessment, system dynamics and spatial modelling, interactive research, sustainable development, plant and bird ecology, landscape evolution, soil science, geomorphology, and pollution pathways." Users can find links to CER's three main themes: environmental catalysis and chemistry, scientific management of environmental quality, and environmental technology. There, individuals can obtain extensive information on the researchers, their interests, and publications.

33

European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Given their affiliation with the United Nations, it is not surprising that the European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research is well-known for their ambitious work on such topics as affordable housing, social integration, and disability welfare. While their homepage is a bit difficult to navigate at first, it does contain an all-inclusive âÂÂsearchâ function, along with easy access to their in-house newsletter. After browsing around a bit, visitors may wish to proceed to the âÂÂResearch Areasâ section. Here they can take a look through some of their thematic research areas (such as labor markets and migrations), view a list of recent publications, and learn about the researchers working in each area. As might be expected, the Centre also sponsors a number of conventions and meetings, and visitors can also find out about these activities here, if they so desire.

34

DOE-EERC jointly sponsored research program  

SciTech Connect

U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Cooperative Agreement DE-FC21-93MC30098 funded through the Office of Fossil Energy and administered at the Federal Energy Technology Center (FETC) supported the performance of a Jointly Sponsored Research Program (JSRP) at the Energy and Environmental Research Center (EERC) with a minimum 50% nonfederal cost share to assist industry in commercializing and effectively applying efficient, nonpolluting energy technologies that can compete effectively in meeting market demands for clean fuels, chemical feedstocks, and electricity in the 21st century. The objective of the JSRP was to advance the deployment of advanced technologies for improving energy efficiency and environmental performance through jointly sponsored research on topics that would not be adequately addressed by the private sector alone. Examples of such topics include the barriers to hot-gas cleaning impeding the deployment of high-efficiency power systems and the search for practical means for sequestering CO{sub 2} generated by fossil fuel combustion. The selection of particular research projects was guided by a combination of DOE priorities and market needs, as provided by the requirement for joint venture funding approved both by DOE and the private sector sponsor. The research addressed many different energy resource and related environmental problems, with emphasis directed toward the EERC's historic lead mission in low-rank coals (LRCs), which represent approximately half of the U.S. coal resources in the conterminous states, much larger potential resources in Alaska, and a major part of the energy base in the former U.S.S.R., East Central Europe, and the Pacific Rim. The Base and JSRP agreements were tailored to the growing awareness of critical environmental issues, including water supply and quality, air toxics (e.g., mercury), fine respirable particulate matter (PM{sub 2.5}), and the goal of zero net CO{sub 2} emissions.

Hendrikson, J.G.; Sondreal, E.A.

1999-09-01

35

Passion Research: A Joint Venture To Interest High School Students in Chemistry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a joint venture between the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) and the Department of Education in France that was created to allow students to do practical scientific work with the help of a CNRS researcher. Presents two practical projects done by students on organic polymers and on color. Concludes that this increases…

Carriere, Francois J.; Abouaf, Madeleine

1997-01-01

36

Open Access Centre at the Nature Research Centre: a facility for enhancement of scientific research, education and public outreach in Lithuania  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Open Access Centre (OAC) was established in Vilnius, Lithuania in 2013 as a subdivision of the Nature Research Centre (NRC) operating on the principle of open access for both internal and external users. The OAC consists of 15 units, i.e. 15 NRC laboratories or their branches. Forty four sets of research equipment were purchased. The OAC cooperates with Lithuanian science and studies institutions, business sector and other governmental and public institutions. Investigations can be carried in the Geosciences, Biotaxonomy, Ecology and Molecular Research, and Ecotoxicology fields. Environmental radioactivity, radioecology, nuclear geophysics, microscopic and chemical composition of natural compounds (minerals, rocks etc.), paleomagnetic, magnetic and environmental investigations, as well as ground and water contamination by oil products and other organic environment polluting compounds, identification of fossils, rocks and minerals can be studied in the Georesearch field. Ecosystems and identification of plants, animals and microorganisms are main subjects of the Biotaxonomy, Ecology and Molecular Research field. The Ecotoxicologal Research deals with toxic and genotoxic effects of toxic substances and other sources of pollution on macro- and microorganisms and cell cultures. Open access is guaranteed by: (1) providing scientific research and experimental development services; (2) implementing joint business and science projects; (3) using facilities for the training of specialists of the highest qualifications; (4) providing properly qualified and technically trained users with opportunities to carry out their scientific research and/or experiments in the OAC laboratories by themselves. Services provided in the Open Access Centre can be received by both internal and external users: persons undertaking innovative economic activities, students of other educational institutions, interns, external teams of researchers engaged in scientific research activities, teachers etc. Applications for a grant of open access shall be received online in accordance with the established procedure via the NRC website (www.gamtostyrimai.lt). State-of-the-art equipment enables researchers to carry out up-to-date scientific research and educational projects, scientific experiments, graduation and laboratory works. Scientists, researchers and students get the opportunity to deepen their knowledge, conduct new research in the field of natural sciences, to obtain new data to be used for further studies as well as for the development of products of higher added value. Favourable conditions are created for pursuing and developing higher level scientific research, for the implementation of joint and interdisciplinary projects, for enhancing cooperation between business and public institutions as well as between those of studies and science. The implementation of the above mentioned tasks leads to the enhanced competitiveness of Lithuanian scientists and researchers and to dissemination of the high quality scientific knowledge for a society. Tens of students from different universities and researchers from other institutions are using the OAC facilities. "Pan-European coordination action on CO2 Geological Storage (CGS Europe)"; "GEO-SEAS"; "EMODNET"; "Securing the Conservation of biodiversity across Administrative Levels and spatial, temporal, and Ecological Scales (SCALES)"; "Decline Of Fraxinus excelsior in northern Europe" and other projects are being carried out at the OAC so far. This is a contribution to the Open Access Centre activities

Šerpenskien?, Silvija; Skridlait?, Gražina

2014-05-01

37

[Radiobiological research at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR)].  

PubMed

The Joint Institute for Nuclear Research has the unique sources of ionizing radiation. The different radiobiological researches have been carried out at the JINR accelerators for more than forty years. They are connected not only to the solution of fundamental problems of radiation genetics but also with applied tasks of great social importance. These tasks are concerned with the improvement of targeted therapy methods for treatment of cancer diseases. PMID:11721347

Krasavin, E A

2001-01-01

38

A MAP Fitting Approach with Joint Approximation Oriented to the Dynamic Resource Provisioning in Shared Data Centres  

Microsoft Academic Search

In shared data centres, accurate models of workloads are indispensable in the process of autonomic resource scheduling. Facing the problem of parameterizing the vast space of big MAPs in order to fit the real workload traces with time-varying characteristics, in this paper we propose a MAP fitting approach JAMC with joint approximation of the order moment and the lag correlation.

Xiuwen Wang; Haiping Qu; Lu Xu; Xiaoming Han; Jiangang Zhang

2010-01-01

39

Research Centre for the Study of the Rogue Waves  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 2012, in Sakhalin (Russia) was established Research Center for the Study of the Rogue Waves. This center unites many known scientists, who study rogue waves. The center is founded by the following scientific organizations: - The Institute of Marine Geology and Geophysics of FEB RAS - The Far Eastern Federal University - Special Research Bureau for Automation of Marine Researches of FEB RAS - The Institute of Applied Physics of RAS - Shirshov Institute of Oceanology of RAS Heads this center Dr. Roman V. Shamin (Russia). Topics projects: - Probability of emergence of rogue waves - Finding of the sites of the Ocean most dangerous from the point of view of rogue waves - Assessment of risk of dangerous impact of rogue waves - and many others... Our Center is open for new participants from all countries. Our Centre have web-site: roguewaves.ru For contacts: center@roguewaves.ru (Dr. Roman Shamin)

Shamin, Roman

2013-04-01

40

Etudes de site du Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires du CNESTEN. (Studies of the CNESTEN's Nuclear Research Centre).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The different steps of the methodology applied to the site selection of Maamora's Nuclear Research Centre, within a 20 km wide coastal band preliminarily fixed between Kenitra and Casablanca cities, are outlined: delimitation of potential zones, identific...

R. Alami

1988-01-01

41

Six essential roles of health promotion research centres: the Atlantic Canada experience  

PubMed Central

SUMMARY Over the past 20 years, the federal government and universities across Canada have directed resources towards the development of university-based health promotion research centres. Researchers at health promotion research centres in Canada have produced peer-reviewed papers and policy documents based on their work, but no publications have emerged that focus on the specific roles of the health promotion research centres themselves. The purpose of this paper is to propose a framework, based on an in-depth examination of one centre, to help identify the unique roles of health promotion research centres and to clarify the value they add to promoting health and advancing university goals. Considering the shifting federal discourse on health promotion over time and the vulnerability of social and health sciences to changes in research funding priorities, health promotion research centres in Canada and elsewhere may need to articulate their unique roles and contributions in order to maintain a critical focus on health promotion research. The authors briefly describe the Atlantic Health Promotion Research Centre (AHPRC), propose a framework that illustrates six essential roles of health promotion research centres and describe the policy contexts and challenges of health promotion research centres. The analysis of research and knowledge translation activities over 15 years at AHPRC sheds light on the roles that health promotion research centres play in applied research. The conclusion raises questions regarding the value of university-based research centres and challenges to their sustainability.

Langille, Lynn L.; Crowell, Sandra J.; Lyons, Renee F.

2009-01-01

42

Jointly Sponsored Research Program. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The Jointly Sponsored Research Program (JSRP) is a US Department of Energy (DOE) program funded through the Office of Fossil Energy and administered at the Morgantown Energy Technology Center. Under this program, which has been in place since Fiscal Year 1990, DOE makes approximately $2.5 million available each year to the Energy and Environmental Research Center (EERC) to fund projects that are of current interest to industry but which still involve significant risk, thus requiring some government contribution to offset the risk if the research is to move forward. The program guidelines require that at least 50% of the project funds originate from nonfederal sources. Projects funded under the JSRP often originate under a complementary base program, which funds higher-risk projects. The projects funded in Fiscal Year 1996 addressed a wide range of Fossil Energy interests, including hot-gas filters for advanced power systems; development of cleaner, more efficient processing technologies; development of environmental control technologies; development of environmental remediation and reuse technologies; development of improved analytical techniques; and development of a beneficiation technique to broaden the use of high-sulfur coal. Descriptions and status for each of the projects funded during the past fiscal year are included in Section A of this document, Statement of Technical Progress.

NONE

1997-07-01

43

Payout approaches in Alberta's joint oilsands research  

SciTech Connect

Almost 2 decades of joint government-industry oilsands research in Alberta will move a step closer this year to a multi-billion barrel payout. The key to success is buried in a mine using new technology at a test facility operated by the Alberta Oil Sands Technology and Research Authority (Aostra). This paper reports that pilot projects under way at the Underground Test Facility (UTF) 37 miles north of Fort McMurray in the Athabasca oilsands region are only two of scores that the agency has sponsored since it was established by the provincial government 18 years ago with $100 million in seed funding (see map and diagram). But authority spokesmen say the UTF tests are the most promising techniques to date to finally bring billions of barrels of bitumen reservoir within economic reach. A horizontal well in situ steam injection process designed as a precommercial pilot will being producing at a rate of 2,000 b/d in September or October. It is a follow-up to a smaller proof of concept pilot project that produced 130,000 bbl of bitumen over several years.

Not Available

1992-06-08

44

The CRC Contribution to Research Training: Report of a Scoping Study for the Cooperative Research Centres Association  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarises findings from a scoping study conducted for the Cooperative Research Centres Association (CRCA) by the Centre for the Study of Higher Education. The purpose of the scoping study is to inform the research training activities of Cooperative Research Centres (CRCs). While previous studies have focussed on the outcomes supported…

Palmer, Nigel

2012-01-01

45

Joint Control: A Discussion of Recent Research  

PubMed Central

The discrimination of the onset of joint control is an important interpretive tool in explaining matching behavior and other complex phenomena, but the difficulty of getting experimental control of all relevant variables stands in the way of a definitive experiment. The studies in the present issue of The Analysis of Verbal Behavior illustrate how modest experiments can take their place in a web of interpretation to make a strong case that joint control is a necessary element of such phenomena.

Palmer, David C

2006-01-01

46

UK Solar System Data Centre: Data Archive for Ionospheric Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The UK Solar System Data Centre (UKSSDC) has been working to improve access to its extensive holdings of historical ionospheric data. In our archive, ionospheric data from 200 stations worldwide (1930s-present), such as ionograms and scaled ionospheric parameters (e.g., foF2, fmin, h'F2), is held on both digital and physical media. From the 1990s these data sets are available in digital form and can be downloaded from our web-interface. Thanks to a Natural Environment Research Council grant we are in the process of digitising a selection, 2,200 out of ~27,000, of UK ionosonde film data to be made available via the web interface. It is hoped that more funding will be made available to continue this exercise over the next few years. The UKSSDC also provides real-time ionospheric data retrieval from two RAL Space ionosondes, Chilton and Port Stanley, alongside other European observatories. The UKSSDC is part of RAL Space based at Rutherford Appleton Laboratory with the electronic address: http://www.ukssdc.ac.uk. This is a UK national data archive facility with open data access and can be used by scientists around the globe.

Wild, Matthew; James, Sarah; Bogdanova, Yulia; Crothers, Steve

2014-05-01

47

Joint University Program for Air Transportation Research, 1986  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The research conducted under the NASA/FAA sponsored Joint University Program for Air Transportation Research is summarized. The Joint University Program is a coordinated set of three grants sponsored by NASA and the FAA, one each with the Mass. Inst. of Tech., Ohio Univ., and Princeton Univ. Completed works, status reports, and bibliographies are presented for research topics, which include computer science, guidance and control theory and practice, aircraft performance, flight dynamics, and applied experimental psychology. An overview of activities is presented.

Morrell, Frederick R. (compiler)

1988-01-01

48

15 CFR 295.23 - Dissolution of joint research and development ventures.  

...2014-01-01 false Dissolution of joint research and development ventures. 295.23...to United States Industry-Led Joint Research and Development Ventures § 295.23 Dissolution of joint research and development ventures. Upon...

2014-01-01

49

Basic research in electronics: Joint Services Electronics Program (JSEP)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This report presents a summary of the scientific progress and accomplishments on research projects by the Joint Services Electronics Program (JSEP) for the contract periods from 1 January 1986 through 31 December 1986. It does not contain information regarding accomplishments on research projects funded in other ways. The Joint Services Electronics Program at the Polytechnic is the core of interdisciplinary research in electronics encompassing programs in the Departments of Electrical Engineering, Physics and Chemistry under the aegis of the Weber Research Institute. The research encompassed by this program is grouped under three broad categories: electromagnetics, solid state electronics and information electronics.

Oliner, Arthur A.; Kunhardt, Erich E.

1986-12-01

50

Research joint ventures: Patterns from Federal Register filings  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Cooperative Research Act of 1984 was passed to encourage the formation of research joint ventures (RJVs). Since its passage, the majority of research on RJV activity has been theoretical, focusing on the private profitability and social desirability of cooperative R&D. The few empirical analyses have relied on survey data or the case studies. The purpose of this paper

Albert N. Link

1996-01-01

51

Radiochemistry Division (Bhabha Atomic Research Centre): Annual Progress Report for 1981.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The progress report of the Radiochemistry Division of Bhabha Atomic Research Centre presents the research and development work carried out during 1981 in the form of individual summaries arranged under the headings: reactor fuel chemistry, heavy element c...

N. C. Jayadevan S. B. Manohar

1983-01-01

52

NATO Undersea Research Centre Marine Mammal Risk Mitigation Rules and Procedures.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The NATO Undersea Research Centre (NURC) Marine Mammal Risk Mitigation Rules and Procedures provides the policy and the procedures to scientific planners, Scientists-in-Charge (SID), researchers and the Master of NURC vessels which address potential adver...

K. L. Ryan

2009-01-01

53

Joint University Program for Air Transportation Research, 1984  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The research conducted during 1984 under the NASA/FAA sponsored Joint University Program for Air Transportation Research is summarized. The Joint University Program is a coordinated set of three grants sponsored by NASA Langley Research Center and the Federal Aviation Administration, one each with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Ohio University, and Princeton University. Completed works, status reports, and bibliographies are presented for research topics, which include navigation, guidance, control and display concepts. An overview of the year's activities for each of the schools is also presented.

Morrell, Frederick R. (compiler)

1987-01-01

54

Joint University Program for Air Transportation Research, 1983  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The research conducted during 1983 under the NASA/FAA sponsored Joint University Program for Air Transportation Research is summarized. The material was presented at a conference held at the Federal Aviation Administration Technical Center, Altantic City, New Jersey, December 16, 1983. The Joint University Program is a coordinated set of three grants sponsored by NASA Langley Research Center and the Federal Aviation Administration, one each with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Ohio University, and Princeton University. Completed works, status reports, and bibliographies are presented for research topics, which include navigation, guidance, control, and display concepts. An overview of the year's activities for each of the universities is also presented.

Morrell, Frederick R. (compiler)

1987-01-01

55

Joint University Program for Air Transportation Research, 1988-1989  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The research conducted during 1988 to 1989 under the NASA/FAA-sponsored Joint University Program for Air Transportation Research is summarized. The Joint University Program is a coordinated set of three grants sponsored by NASA Langley Research Center and the Federal Aviation Administration, one each with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Ohio University, and Princeton University. Completed works, status reports, and annotated bibliographies are presented for research topics, which include computer science, guidance and control theory and practice, aircraft performance, flight dynamics, and applied experimental psychology. An overview of the year's activities for each university is also presented.

Morrell, Frederick R. (compiler)

1990-01-01

56

76 FR 19188 - Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services Scientific Merit Review Board; Notice...Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services Scientific Merit Review Board...

2011-04-06

57

77 FR 20489 - Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services Scientific Merit Review Board; Notice...Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services Scientific Merit Review Board...

2012-04-04

58

78 FR 22622 - Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services Scientific Merit Review Board, Notice...Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services Scientific Merit Review Board...

2013-04-16

59

77 FR 64598 - Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services Scientific Merit Review Board, Notice...Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services Scientific Merit Review Board...

2012-10-22

60

78 FR 66992 - Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services Scientific Merit Review Board; Notice...Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services Scientific Merit Review Board...

2013-11-07

61

76 FR 1212 - Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services Scientific Merit Review Board Panel...Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services Scientific Merit Review Board...

2011-01-07

62

76 FR 79273 - Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services Scientific Merit Review Board Panel...Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services Scientific Merit Review Board...

2011-12-21

63

75 FR 57833 - Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services Scientific Merit Review Board; Notice...Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services Scientific Merit Review Board...

2010-09-22

64

76 FR 24974 - Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services Scientific Merit Review Board; Notice...Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services Scientific Merit Review Board...

2011-05-03

65

77 FR 23810 - Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services Scientific Merit Review Board; Notice...Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services Scientific Merit Review Board...

2012-04-20

66

77 FR 26069 - Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services Scientific Merit Review Board, Notice...Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services Scientific Merit Review Board...

2012-05-02

67

Is naturalistic driving research possible with highly instrumented cars? Lessons learnt in three research centres.  

PubMed

This paper provides an overview of the experiences using Highly Instrumented Cars (HICs) in three research Centres across Europe; Spain, the UK and Greece. The data collection capability of each car is described and an overview presented relating to the relationship between the level of instrumentation and the research possible. A discussion then follows which considers the advantages and disadvantages of using HICs for ND research. This includes the obtrusive nature of the data collection equipment, the cost of equipping the vehicles with sophisticated Data Acquisition Systems (DAS) and the challenges for data storage and analysis particularly with respect to video data. It is concluded that the use of HICs substantially increases the depth of knowledge relating to the driver's behaviour and their interaction with the vehicle and surroundings. With careful study design and integration into larger studies with Low(ly) instrumented Cars (LICs), HICs can contribute significantly and in a relatively naturalistic manner to the driver behaviour research. PMID:23332021

Valero-Mora, Pedro M; Tontsch, Anita; Welsh, Ruth; Morris, Andrew; Reed, Steven; Touliou, Katerina; Margaritis, Dimitris

2013-09-01

68

National Centre for Research on Rural Education. Report 1981-82.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In its first 18 months of operation the Centre has undertaken research on major issues and problems in rural education. Its publications have been received favorably, both in Australia and overseas. Visiting scholars from Alaska and Canada have made valuable contributions to the Centre's activities and have increased its links with agencies…

Vickery, Robert L.

69

Research into automatic recognition of joints in human symmetrical movements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

High speed photography is a major means of collecting data from human body movement. It enables the automatic identification of joints, which brings great significance to the research, treatment and recovery of injuries, the analysis to the diagnosis of sport techniques and the ergonomics. According to the features that when the adjacent joints of human body are in planetary motion, their distance remains the same, and according to the human body joint movement laws (such as the territory of the articular anatomy and the kinematic features), a new approach is introduced to process the image thresholding of joints filmed by the high speed camera, to automatically identify the joints and to automatically trace the joint points (by labeling markers at the joints). Based upon the closure of marking points, automatic identification can be achieved through thresholding treatment. Due to the screening frequency and the laws of human segment movement, when the marking points have been initialized, their automatic tracking can be achieved with the progressive sequential images.Then the testing results, the data from three-dimensional force platform and the characteristics that human body segment will only rotate around the closer ending segment when the segment has no boding force and only valid to the conservative force all tell that after being analyzed kinematically, the approach is approved to be valid.

Fan, Yifang; Li, Zhiyu

2008-03-01

70

Joint Online Thesis and Research System (JOTARS).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this thesis is to develop a web-enabled database which facilitates research related connections and communication among Naval Postgraduate School (NPS) students, professors and DOD organizations. The proposed name for the prototype website ...

M. L. Cohn

2006-01-01

71

List of Scientific Publications from the Karlsruhe Nuclear Research Centre of the Year 1977.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The scientific and technical-scientific publications from the Karlsruhe Nuclear Research Centre comprise books, original papers in scientific or technical journals, diploma, doctoral and habilitation theses, as well as papers held at scientific conference...

1978-01-01

72

Where is the patient in models of patient-centred care: a grounded theory study of total joint replacement patients  

PubMed Central

Background Patient-centered care ideally considers patient preferences, values and needs. However, it is unclear if policies such as wait time strategies for hip and knee replacement surgery (TJR) are patient-centred as they focus on an isolated episode of care. This paper describes the accounts of people scheduled to undergo TJR, focusing on their experience of (OA) as a chronic disease that has considerable impact on their everyday lives. Methods Semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with participants scheduled to undergo TJR who were recruited from the practices of two orthopaedic surgeons. We first used maximum variation and then theoretical sampling based on age, sex and joint replaced. 33 participants (age 38-79 years; 17 female) were included in the analysis. 20 were scheduled for hip replacement and 13 for knee replacement. A constructivist approach to grounded theory guided sampling, data collection and analysis. Results While a specific hip or knee was the target for surgery, individuals experienced multiple-joint symptoms and comorbidities. Management of their health and daily lives was impacted by these combined experiences. Over time, they struggled to manage symptoms with varying degrees of access to and acceptance of pain medication, which was a source of constant concern. This was a multi-faceted issue with physicians reluctant to prescribe and many patients reluctant to take prescription pain medications due to their side effects. Conclusions For patients, TJR surgery is an acute intervention in the experience of chronic disease, OA and other comorbidities. While policy has focused on wait time as patient/surgeon decision for surgery to surgery date, the patient’s experience does not begin or end with surgery as they struggle to manage their pain. Our findings suggest that further work is needed to align the medical treatment of OA with the current policy emphasis on patient-centeredness. Patient-centred care may require a paradigm shift that is not always evident in current policy and strategies.

2013-01-01

73

Community engagement in biomedical research in an African setting: the Kintampo Health Research Centre experience  

PubMed Central

Background Community engagement (CE) is becoming relevant in health research activities; however, models for CE in health research are limited in developing countries. The Kintampo Health Research Centre (KHRC) conducts research to influence health policy locally and also internationally. Since its establishment in 1994 with the mandate of conducting relevant public health studies in the middle part of Ghana, KHRC has embarked on a series of clinical and operational studies involving community members. In these studies, community members have been engaged through community durbars before, during and also after all study implementations. Lessons learnt from these activities suggested the need to embark on further CE processes that could serve as a model for emerging research institutions based in African communities. Methods Interactive community durbars, workshops, in-depth discussions, focus group discussions and radio interactions were used as the main methods in the CE process. Results Community members outlined areas of research that they perceived as being of interest to them. Though community members expressed continual interest in our traditional areas of research in communicable, maternal, neonatal and child health, they were interested in new areas such as non- communicable diseases such as diabetes and hypertension. Misconceptions about KHRC and its research activities were identified and clarified. This research provided KHRC the opportunity to improve communication guidelines with the community and these are being used in engaging the community at various stages of our research, thus improving on the design and implementation of research. Conclusion KHRC has developed a culturally appropriate CE model based on mutual understanding with community members. The experience obtained in the CE process has contributed to building CE capacity in KHRC. Other health research institutions in developing countries could consider the experiences gained.

2013-01-01

74

Research in person-centred, experiential and humanistic counselling and psychotherapy: Meeting new challenges  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a result of the programme of research into client-centred therapy led by Carl Rogers, the humanistic therapies could claim, in the 1950s, to possess a comprehensive evidence base. Over the following decades, however, there was a marked decline in the productivity and influence of research into person-centred and humanistic therapies. The present paper celebrates the publication of three books

John McLeod

2002-01-01

75

Basic research in electronic (JSEP): Joint Services Electronics Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This Annual Report presents a summary of the scientific progress and accomplishments on research projects funded by the Joint Services Electronics Program (JSEP) for the contract period from 1 April 1983 through 31 March 1984. It does not contain information regarding accomplishments on research projects funded in other ways. The Joint Services Electronics Program at the Polytechnic is the core of interdisciplinary research in electronics encompassing programs in the Departments of Electrical Engineering and Physics under the aegis of the Microwave Research Institute. The research encompassed by this program is grouped under three broad categories: Electromagnetics, Solid State Electronics and Information Electronics. The detailed projects (work units) comprising the complete program are listed in the Table of Contents.

Oliner, A. A.

1984-09-01

76

The Work of the Research and Training Centre at Lahti.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author describes the Research and Training Center at Lahti (Finland): its general task, its goals, and its organization. The center's main projects are examined: open university studies, supplementary professional education, employment oriented training, extension projects, international cooperation, and research activities. Financing of the…

Lampi, Heikki

1984-01-01

77

Joint development research and technology transfer for AC traction drives  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1991, an agreement was signed between the University of Central Queensland and Queensland Rail for joint development research and technology transfer on a three phase asynchronous motor drive suitable for electric traction vehicle (AC Traction Drive Project). The aim of this project is to develop a program of continuing education based on the design, simulation, analysis and prototype construction

W. Oghanna; B. Stephens

1994-01-01

78

Fire Safety Engineering Research and Technology Centre (FireSERT) University of Ulster: Recent Developments  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Institute of Fire Safety Engineering Research and Technology Centre (FireSERT) at the University of Ulster in Northern Ireland has been a major provider of higher technical fire safety education, fire related research and services to industry for over 20 years. Its internationally recognised research spans the fields of fire dynamics, structural fire engineering, human behaviour in fire and more

T. J. Shields

2003-01-01

79

Joint University Program for Air Transportation Research, 1991-1992  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report summarizes the research conducted during the academic year 1991-1992 under the FAA/NASA sponsored Joint University Program for Air Transportation Research. The year end review was held at Ohio University, Athens, Ohio, June 18-19, 1992. The Joint University Program is a coordinated set of three grants sponsored by the Federal Aviation Administration and NASA Langley Research Center, one each with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (NGL-22-009-640), Ohio University (NGR-36-009-017), and Princeton University (NGL-31-001-252). Completed works, status reports, and annotated bibliographies are presented for research topics, which include navigation, guidance and control theory and practice, intelligent flight control, flight dynamics, human factors, and air traffic control processes. An overview of the year's activities for each university is also presented.

Morrell, Frederick R. (compiler)

1993-01-01

80

Trends Shaping Education 2013. Centre for Educational Research and Innovation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What does it mean for education that our societies are increasingly diverse? How is global economic power shifting towards new countries? In what ways are the skills required in the world of work changing? "Trends Shaping Education 2013" brings together international evidence to give policy makers, researchers, educational leaders, administrators…

OECD Publishing (NJ3), 2013

2013-01-01

81

Research and developments of Russian nuclear centres in tritium technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Physical and chemical properties of tritium (T) and its oxides (TâO, DTO, HTO) were experimentally researched; hence, the following was identified: T to TâO conversion mechanisms due to radiation oxidation and isotope exchange in the T concentration range from 10E-8 to 600 Ci\\/1 in gaseous media of technological equipment (air, argon, hydrogen and their mixtures); diffusion, solubility, sorption and desorption

L. F. Belovodskii; V. K. Gaevoy; A. V. Golubev

1995-01-01

82

Research and developments of Russian nuclear centres in tritium technology  

SciTech Connect

Physical and chemical properties of tritium (T) and its oxides (T{sub 2}O, DTO, HTO) were experimentally researched; hence, the following was identified: T to T{sub 2}O conversion mechanisms due to radiation oxidation and isotope exchange in the T concentration range from 10E-8 to 600 Ci/1 in gaseous media of technological equipment (air, argon, hydrogen and their mixtures); diffusion, solubility, sorption and desorption constants of T and T{sub 2}O in interaction process with structural materials of technological equipment (metals, polymers); properties of T oxidation catalysts (Pt, Pd, Ni, CuO, PdO) for various gas mixtures; properties of moisture adsorbents; synthetic molecular sieve, alumogel and silica gel at different T{sub 2}O specific activity; mechanisms of waste formation: gaseous, liquid, solid - when T is operated on. Based on the accomplished research the following was developed technical requirements to technological equipment and equipment units: boxes, containers, receivers, appliances; methods and devices to extract T and T2O from gases: absorbing elements, filters, gas cleaners; facilities for safe T storage in T{sub 2}O adsorbed on sieve NaA with helium-3 extraction; technologies and devices to extract T and T{sub 2}O from solid wastes as well as for liquid waste solidification. 18 refs., 11 figs., 3 tabs.

Belovodskii, L.F.; Gaevoy, V.K.; Golubev, A.V. [Russian Federal Nuclear Centre - VNIIEF, Arzamas (Russian Federation)

1995-10-01

83

Leadership in University-Based Cooperative Research Centres: A Qualitative Investigation of Performance Dimensions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In spite of the importance often attached to the role played by leadership in university-based cooperative research centres, we know very little about what "leadership" means in this specific context. The research reported here used a qualitative approach to identify fifteen dimensions of leadership performance for directors of university-based…

Craig, S. Bartholomew; Hess, Clara E.; McGinnis, Jennifer Lindberg; Gray, Denis O.

2009-01-01

84

What's in a rehab? Ethnographic evaluation research in Indigenous Australian residential alcohol and drug rehabilitation centres  

Microsoft Academic Search

Residential rehabilitation centres are a popular form of treatment for Indigenous Australians suffering from alcohol and drug misuse; however, there has been very little substantive research and evaluation in this area. Based on long-term ethnographic research, this study examines the informal aspects of a treatment programme in an Indigenous residential alcohol and drug rehabilitation service. Evaluation of such services often

Richard Chenhall

2008-01-01

85

15 CFR 295.23 - Dissolution of joint research and development ventures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE NIST EXTRAMURAL PROGRAMS ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM Assistance to United States Industry-Led Joint Research and Development Ventures § 295.23 Dissolution of joint research and development ventures. Upon...

2011-01-01

86

15 CFR 295.23 - Dissolution of joint research and development ventures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE NIST EXTRAMURAL PROGRAMS ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM Assistance to United States Industry-Led Joint Research and Development Ventures § 295.23 Dissolution of joint research and development ventures. Upon...

2009-01-01

87

15 CFR 295.23 - Dissolution of joint research and development ventures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE NIST EXTRAMURAL PROGRAMS ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM Assistance to United States Industry-Led Joint Research and Development Ventures § 295.23 Dissolution of joint research and development ventures. Upon...

2010-01-01

88

Collaborative Research Centre 694 “Integration of electronic components into mobile systems”-Motivation and survey  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Within the collaborative research centre 694 “Integration of electronic components into mobile systems” intelligent mechatronic systems are explored for application at the place of action. Especially in the automotive sector highest requirements on system safety are combined with an enormous importance of the production for the whole national economy. Therefore the collaborative research centre is led by the vision to integrate electronic components in sensors and actors of mobile systems. About 30 scientists at nine participating academic and non-academic institutions in Erlangen explore mechatronic solutions for the requirements on manufacturing processes, electronic systems and quality management techniques within the car of the future.

Weckenmann, Albert; Schmidt, Lorenz-Peter; Bookjans, Martin

89

Evidence of Public Engagement with Science: Visitor Learning at a Zoo-Housed Primate Research Centre  

PubMed Central

Primate behavioural and cognitive research is increasingly conducted on direct public view in zoo settings. The potential of such facilities for public engagement with science is often heralded, but evidence of tangible, positive effects on public understanding is rare. Here, the effect of a new zoo-based primate research centre on visitor behaviour, learning and attitudes was assessed using a quasi-experimental design. Zoo visitors approached the primate research centre more often when a scientist was present and working with the primates, and reported greater awareness of primates (including conservation) compared to when the scientist was not present. Visitors also reported greater perceived learning when the scientist was present. Installation of information signage had no main effect on visitor attitudes or learning. Visitors who interacted with the signage, however, demonstrated increased knowledge and understanding when asked about the specific information present on the signs (which was related to the ongoing facial expression research at the research centre). The findings show that primate behaviour research centres on public view can have a demonstrable and beneficial effect on public understanding of science.

Waller, Bridget M.; Peirce, Kate; Mitchell, Heidi; Micheletta, Jerome

2012-01-01

90

Passion-Research: A Joint Venture to Interest High School Students in Chemistry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 1985, I wonder whether the "school" approach to experimental sciences was suitable for its goal, making secondary school students aware of science, when the National Centre for Scientific Research and the Department of Education created a joint venture called Passion-Research. Its harmonious functioning led to three main consequences: A complex multidisciplinary approach, which involves the parti-cipation of nonscience teachers, a wide range of topics, the opening of the high schools to the outside world, and publication of the experimental data; Further training for some teachers by the researcher; An evolution of the joint venture to a change in the teaching of chemistry. I tried to "introduce some science in the humanities" and at the same time "introduce some science in a technical section". The idea was to make the students active participants to make them do a true rsearch project. They saw that their work could be related to the work of the researcher at the university and that chemistry studied during lectures with the teachers could be applied directly in their scientific work. The introduction of the concept of scientific doubt was new and the continuity of culture was provocative since teaching is still separated into many different topics.

Carriere, Francois J.; Abouaf, Madeleine

1997-01-01

91

The Community-First Land-Centred Theoretical Framework: Bringing a "Good Mind" to Indigenous Education Research?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article introduces an emergent research theoretical framework, the community-first Land-centred research framework. Carefully examining the literature within Indigenous educational research, we noted the limited approaches for engaging in culturally aligned and relevant research within Indigenous communities. The community-first Land-centred

Styres, Sandra D.; Zinga, Dawn M.

2013-01-01

92

RESEARCH ARTICLE What's in a rehab? Ethnographic evaluation research in Indigenous Australian residential alcohol and drug rehabilitation centres  

Microsoft Academic Search

Residential rehabilitation centres are a popular form of treatment for Indigenous Australians suffering from alcohol and drug misuse; however, there has been very little substantive research and evaluation in this area. Based on long-term ethnographic research, this study examines the informal aspects of a treatment programme in an Indigenous residential alcohol and drug rehabilitation service. Evaluation of such services often

Richard Chenhall

93

Vaikuttavaa Tutkimusta. Arviointikaytantoja Julkisissa Tutkimusorganisaatioissa: Puolustusvoimien Teknillinen Tutkimuslaitos PVTT (Research with an Impact. Evaluation Practices in Public Research Organisations: Finnish Defence Forces Technical Research Centre PVTT).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This publication sets out the key findings of the research project on the societal impacts of Finnish Defence Forces Technical Research Centre (PVTT). The project sought to test and operationalize the model for societal impact evaluation developed by VTT ...

K. Hyytinen J. Konttinen

2006-01-01

94

Scottish Schools Science Equipment Research Centre, Bulletin No. 64, July, 1973.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bulletin of the Scottish Schools Science Equipment Research Centre provides information to teachers on a variety of topics relating to the use of equipment in science instruction. The introductory remarks deal with an assessment of electronic calculators suitable for use in schools. The section entitled "Physics Notes" lists surplus physics…

Scottish Schools Science Equipment Research Centre, Edinburgh.

95

Scottish Schools Science Equipment Research Centre, Bulletin No. 57, August 1972.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bulletin of Scottish Schools Science Equipment Research Centre provides information about new scientific equipment for use in classrooms and laboratories. The sciences covered are biology, chemistry, and physics. The pieces of equipment can either be purchased from manufacturers or constructed in schools. All descriptions include advantages…

Scottish Schools Science Equipment Research Centre, Edinburgh.

96

Scottish Schools Science Equipment Research Centre, Bulletin No. 61, February 1973.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bulletin of the Scottish Schools Science Equipment Research Centre provides information to teachers regarding the use of newly produced equipment such as an economical soldering iron, nickel cadmium cell, and a desk calculator. Useful information is also included for teachers on the use of electric coils and bicarbonate indicators. A detailed…

Scottish Schools Science Equipment Research Centre, Edinburgh.

97

Scottish Schools Science Equipment Research Centre, Bulletin No. 65, August, 1973.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bulletin of the Scottish Schools Science Equipment Research Centre provides information to teachers on a variety of topics relating to the use of equipment in science instruction. The introductory remarks deal with some of the consequences of introducing package-deal science courses in underveloped countries and, in particular, discuss the…

Scottish Schools Science Equipment Research Centre, Edinburgh.

98

Regional educational and research centre for processing of medical image information  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Shared Regional PACS (Picture Archiving and Communications System) operated by the Masaryk University in Brno, Czech Republic, was from the start designed to serve as a reliable and accessible communications node and also as an educational and research centre available to any hospital or other healthcare institutions, including medical faculties, interested in participating in the System. Outsourcing of the

O. Dostal; M. Javornik

2005-01-01

99

Hydrodynamic testing of underwater vehicles at the Australian Maritime Engineering Cooperative Research Centre  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Australian Maritime Engineering Cooperative Research Centre, in collaboration with the Defence Science and Technology Organisation (DSTO) and Curtin University, has been involved in the determination of the hydrodynamic characteristics of uninhabited underwater vehicles (UUV) used by the Royal Australian Navy and the offshore oil and gas industry. These characteristics are essential for the design of low level motion controllers

Andrew Heron; Alec Duncan; Brendon Anderson

2000-01-01

100

Academic Collaborative Centre Limburg: a platform for knowledge transfer and exchange in public health policy, research and practice?  

PubMed

Research findings often fail to find their way into policy and practice, which is assumed to limit the effectiveness of public health policies and programmes. We evaluated to what extent the Academic Collaborative Centre Limburg (ACCL), a Dutch boundary organization linking policy, research and practice, has improved knowledge transfer and exchange between the three domains. We used a mixed-methods approach. First, stakeholders jointly defined the ACCL's programme theory, showing how the ACCL was supposed to achieve its intended effects. Second, we assessed the achievements of the ACCL in terms of knowledge transfer and exchange on the basis of the programme theory. The ACCL was found to provide a platform for interaction between actors from the policy, research and practice domains, facilitated by integrated network structures. The number of collaborative projects and actors involved in the ACCL increased, but actual cross-domain interaction patterns did not really change. Cross-domain knowledge transfer and exchange still require major boundary-spanning efforts by the ACCL programme leader. Boundary organizations do not automatically produce cross-domain interactions. In addition to infrastructural arrangements, cross-domain knowledge transfer and exchange could benefit from additional cultural changes, like adopting a deliberative approach to policy making and applying constructivist research designs. PMID:23642789

Hoeijmakers, Marjan; Harting, Janneke; Jansen, Maria

2013-07-01

101

[R]MIT Research Centre at Delft University of Technology: A Bridge between Research, Education, Society and Profession  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2006, we launched the [R]MIT Research Centre (Modification, Intervention Transformation) at the Faculty of Architecture at Delft University of Technology. [R]MIT was founded to respond to the need for an integrated, multi-disciplinary approach to the transformation of the built environment. [R]MIT aims to bring momentum to the renewal of…

Zijlstra, Hielkje

2009-01-01

102

Radiological characterization of the nuclear waste streams of the Belgian nuclear research centre SCK.CEN  

SciTech Connect

The radiological characterization of nuclear wastes of a research centre is difficult seen the many different processes that generate waste. Since these wastes may contain radionuclides relevant for the disposal option, the nuclide content and activity have to be known. Considering the fact that some wastes are generated only in minor quantities, complex approaches, involving sampling and successive analysis are not justified. Basic physical models can generally be applied to estimate activity ratios, from which the radionuclide inventory can be determined by non-destructive assay on waste-packages. This article discusses waste streams at the Belgian Nuclear Research Centre SCK.CEN and explains how nuclide inventories and activity are determined. The physical models, used to derive activity ratios, and other simple approaches are discussed. (authors)

Maris, Patrick; Cornelissen, Rene; Bruggeman, Michel [SCK.CEN, Boeretang 200, BE-2400 Mol (Belgium)

2007-07-01

103

[The development of research in tribology of artificial joints].  

PubMed

Aseptic loosening of the prosthesis is a major form for the failure of artificial joints, which results in the conglomeration of wear particles at the bone-implant interface. This paper briefly reviews the recent development of tribology of artificial joints preserving good lubrication, enhancing the wear resistance of materials for the joints, reducing the generation of sensitive-size particles and depressing the debris-tissue reactions. Suggestion for improvement in the design of artificial joints is presented. PMID:16856413

Dai, Zhendong; Gong, Juanqing

2006-06-01

104

NSF/Tokyo Report: 1998 NEDO Grants for International Joint Research  

NSF Publications Database

... in the areas of "materials," "energy," "efficient energy use," and the "global environment." Annual ... Energy, and Efficient Energy Use areas: International Joint Research Division New Energy and ...

105

Control of joint motion simulators for biomechanical research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The authors present a hierarchical adaptive algorithm for controlling upper extremity human joint motion simulators. A joint motion simulator is a computer-controlled, electromechanical system which permits the application of forces to the tendons of a human cadaver specimen in such a way that the cadaver joint under study achieves a desired motion in a physiologic manner. The proposed control scheme does not require knowledge of the cadaver specimen dynamic model, and solves on-line the indeterminate problem which arises because human joints typically possess more actuators than degrees of freedom. Computer simulation results are given for an elbow/forearm system and wrist/hand system under hierarchical control. The results demonstrate that any desired normal joint motion can be accurately tracked with the proposed algorithm. These simulation results indicate that the controller resolved the indeterminate problem redundancy in a physiologic manner, and show that the control scheme was robust to parameter uncertainty and to sensor noise.

Colbaugh, R.; Glass, K.

1992-01-01

106

Joint Langley Research Center/Jet Propulsion Laboratory CSI experiment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper describes a joint Control Structure Interaction (CSI) experiment in which Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) damping devices were incorporated into the Langley Research Center (LaRC) Phase 0 Testbed. The goals of the effort were twofold: (1) test the effectiveness of the JPL structural damping methods in a new structure and (2) assess the feasibility of combining JPL local control methods with the LaRC multiple input multiple output global control methods. Six dampers (2 piezoelectric active members, 4 viscous dampers), placed in three different regions of the structure, produced up to 26 dB attenuation in target modes. The combined control strategy in which the JPL damping methods contributed local control action and the LaRC control scheme provided global control action, produced and overall control scheme with increased stability margins and improved performance. This paper presents an overview of the technologies contributed from the two centers, the strategies used to combine them, and results demonstrating the success of the damping and cooperative control efforts.

Neat, Gregory W.; O'Brien, John F.; Lurie, Boris J.; Garnica, Angel; Belvin, W. K.; Sulla, Jeff; Won, John

1992-01-01

107

Results of Joint Experiments and other IAEA activities on research using small tokamaks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an overview of the results obtained during the Joint Experiments organized in the framework of the IAEA Coordinated Research Project on 'Joint Research Using Small Tokamaks' that have been carried out on the tokamaks CASTOR at IPP Prague, Czech Republic (2005), T-10 at RRC 'Kurchatov Institute', Moscow, Russia (2006), and the most recent one at ISTTOK at

M. Gryaznevich; G. Van Oost; P. Peleman; J. Brotankova; R. Dejarnac; E. Dufkova; I. Duran; M. Hron; J. Sentkerestiova; J. Stöckel; V. Weinzettl; J. Zajac; L. A. Berni; E. DelBosco; J. G. Ferreira; F. J. R. Simões; M. Berta; D. Dunai; B. Tál; S. Zoletnik; A. Malaquias; G. Mank; H. Figueiredo; Y. Kuznetsov; L. Ruchko; H. Hegazy; A. Ovsyannikov; E. Sukhov; G. M. Vorobjev; N. Dreval; A. Singh; V. Budaev; G. Kirnev; N. Kirneva; B. Kuteev; A. Melnikov; D. Nurov; M. Sokolov; V. Vershkov; A. Talebitaher; P. Khorshid; R. Gonzales; I. El Chama Neto; A. W. Kraemer-Flecken; V. Soldatov; B. Brotas; P. Carvalho; R. Coelho; A. Duarte; H. Fernandes; J. Figueiredo; A. Fonseca; R. Gomes; I. Nedzelski; A. Neto; G. Ramos; J. Santos; C. Silva; D. Valcárcel; C. R. Gutierrez Tapia; L. I. Krupnik; L. Petrov; M. Kolokoltsov; J. Herrera; M. Nieto-Perez; A. Czarnecka; P. Balan; A. Sharnin; V. Pavlov

2009-01-01

108

The International Development Research Centre: A Guide for the Canadian University Research Community = Le Centre de recherches pour le developpement international: guide a l'intention des scientifiques des universites Canadiennes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Written in both English and French this is a manual for the Canadian research community. It describes the International Development Research Centre (IDRC) and its operations. The main objective of the IDRC is to assist scientists in developing countries to identify and conduct research into long term practical solutions to development problems.…

Tillman, George; Wasilewski, Ania, Ed.

109

People-centred science: strengthening the practice of health policy and systems research.  

PubMed

Health policy and systems research (HPSR) is a transdisciplinary field of global importance, with its own emerging standards for creating, evaluating, and utilizing knowledge, and distinguished by a particular orientation towards influencing policy and wider action to strengthen health systems. In this commentary, we argue that the ability of the HPSR field to influence real world change hinges on its becoming more people-centred. We see people-centredness as recognizing the field of enquiry as one of social construction, requiring those conducting HPSR to locate their own position in the system, and conduct and publish research in a manner that foregrounds human agency attributes and values, and is acutely attentive to policy context. Change occurs at many layers of a health system, shaped by social, political, and economic forces, and brought about by different groups of people who make up the system, including service users and communities. The seeds of transformative practice in HPSR lie in amplifying the breadth and depth of dialogue across health system actors in the conduct of research - recognizing that these actors are all generators, sources, and users of knowledge about the system. While building such a dialogic practice, those conducting HPSR must strive to protect the autonomy and integrity of their ideas and actions, and also clearly explain their own positions and the value-basis of their work. We conclude with a set of questions that health policy and systems researchers may wish to consider in making their practice more people-centred, and hence more oriented toward real-world change. PMID:24739525

Sheikh, Kabir; George, Asha; Gilson, Lucy

2014-01-01

110

People-centred science: strengthening the practice of health policy and systems research  

PubMed Central

Health policy and systems research (HPSR) is a transdisciplinary field of global importance, with its own emerging standards for creating, evaluating, and utilizing knowledge, and distinguished by a particular orientation towards influencing policy and wider action to strengthen health systems. In this commentary, we argue that the ability of the HPSR field to influence real world change hinges on its becoming more people-centred. We see people-centredness as recognizing the field of enquiry as one of social construction, requiring those conducting HPSR to locate their own position in the system, and conduct and publish research in a manner that foregrounds human agency attributes and values, and is acutely attentive to policy context. Change occurs at many layers of a health system, shaped by social, political, and economic forces, and brought about by different groups of people who make up the system, including service users and communities. The seeds of transformative practice in HPSR lie in amplifying the breadth and depth of dialogue across health system actors in the conduct of research – recognizing that these actors are all generators, sources, and users of knowledge about the system. While building such a dialogic practice, those conducting HPSR must strive to protect the autonomy and integrity of their ideas and actions, and also clearly explain their own positions and the value-basis of their work. We conclude with a set of questions that health policy and systems researchers may wish to consider in making their practice more people-centred, and hence more oriented toward real-world change.

2014-01-01

111

Addiction research centres and the nurturing of creativity; the Research Institute on Addictions, University at Buffalo.  

PubMed

The Research Institute on Addictions (RIA) was established in 1970 as a research component of the New York State Department of Mental Hygiene. After three decades of serving as a research component of New York State agencies concerned with alcohol and substance abuse, RIA was legislatively transferred to the University at Buffalo in 1999. Today, RIA's cadre of senior research scientists are engaged individually and collaboratively on a multitude of addictions-related studies. The majority of the Institute's ongoing research studies relate to one or more of the following seven broad research domains: causes and consequences of alcohol, marijuana and other drug use; biological and neuroscience; gambling behavior; gender-related studies; dissemination and professional training; treatment; and youth, families and relationships. In this paper, an overview of the structure of the Institute is provided, along with a description of the organizational and scientific culture at RIA. Further information about the Institute, its scientists and its activities can be found at http://www.ria.buffalo.edu. PMID:21470324

Connors, Gerard J; Walitzer, Kimberly S

2012-07-01

112

North American Joint Positive Train Control (NAJPTC) Project. Research Results.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The North American Joint Positive Train Control (NAJPTC), was an ambitious project to develop, test, and demonstrate PTC capabilities, including flexible block operations, interoperability, and advance activation of highway grade crossing devices, in a co...

2009-01-01

113

Oil shale, tar sand, coal research advanced exploratory process technology, jointly sponsored research  

SciTech Connect

Accomplishments for the past quarter are presented for the following five tasks: oil shale; tar sand; coal; advanced exploratory process technology; and jointly sponsored research. Oil shale research covers oil shale process studies. Tar sand research is on process development of Recycle Oil Pyrolysis and Extraction (ROPE) Process. Coal research covers: coal combustion; integrated coal processing concepts; and solid waste management. Advanced exploratory process technology includes: advanced process concepts;advanced mitigation concepts; and oil and gas technology. Jointly sponsored research includes: organic and inorganic hazardous waste stabilization; CROW field demonstration with Bell Lumber and Pole; development and validation of a standard test method for sequential batch extraction fluid; PGI demonstration project; operation and evaluation of the CO[sub 2] HUFF-N-PUFF Process; fly ash binder for unsurfaced road aggregates; solid state NMR analysis of Mesaverde Group, Greater Green River Basin, tight gas sands; flow-loop testing of double-wall pipe for thermal applications; characterization of petroleum residue; shallow oil production using horizontal wells with enhanced oil recovery techniques; surface process study for oil recovery using a thermal extraction process; NMR analysis of samples from the ocean drilling program; in situ treatment of manufactured gas plant contaminated soils demonstration program; and solid state NMR analysis of naturally and artificially matured kerogens.

Speight, J.G.

1992-01-01

114

JRC (Joint Research Centre) Ispra Fusion Reactor Materials Test and Development Facility,  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The authors conclude that spallation neutrons are simulating the Fusion Reactor First Wall conditions as well as the D(1+)--Li or the 14 MeV neutron sources. Therefore, they propose the construction of a spallation neutron source based on a 600 MeV, 6 mA ...

W. Kley G. R. Bishop

1986-01-01

115

Evaluating Industry-Based Doctoral Research Programs: Perspectives and Outcomes of Australian Cooperative Research Centre Graduates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers of the future will need to be able to work across the increasingly porous boundaries between university, industry, government and community sectors. Concerns have been raised internationally for several decades about the content and approaches adopted in doctoral programs. Innovative doctoral programs that facilitate students'…

Manathunga, Catherine; Pitt, Rachael; Cox, Laura; Boreham, Paul; Mellick, George; Lant, Paul

2012-01-01

116

Building a Student-Centred Learning Framework Using Social Software in the Middle Years Classroom: An Action Research Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the development of the online spaces that were used to create a learning framework: a student-centred framework that combined face-to-face teaching with online social and participatory media. The author, as part of her Doctoral research study, used action research as a mechanism for continual improvement as she redesigned…

Casey, Gail

2013-01-01

117

Computer simulation of beam acceleration and extraction from the joint institute for nuclear research phasotron  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Beam extraction from the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR) Phasotron by the regenerative method is simulated using a specially developed code. Preliminary calculations show that the extraction efficiency cannot be higher than 40%.

Kostromin, S. A.; Onishchenko, L. M.

2012-07-01

118

Radioactive waste handling and disposal at King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre.  

PubMed

King Faisal Specialist Hospital & Research Centre (KFSHRC) is the largest specialized medical center in Saudi Arabia. It performs highly specialized diagnostic imaging procedures with the use of various radionuclides required by sophisticated dual imaging systems. As a leading institution in cancer research, KFSHRC uses both long-lived and short-lived radionuclides. KFSHRC established the first cyclotron facility in the Middle East, which solved the in-house high demand for radionuclides and the difficulty in importing them. As both user and producer of high standard radiopharmaceuticals, KFSHRC generates large volumes of low and high level radioactive wastes. An old and small radioactive facility that was used for storage of radioactive waste was replaced with a bigger warehouse provided with facilities that will reduce radiation exposure of the staff, members of the public, and of the environment in the framework of "as low as reasonably achievable." The experiences and the effectiveness of the radiation protection program on handling and storage of radioactive wastes are presented. PMID:22739968

Al-Haj, Abdalla N; Lobriguito, Aida M; Al Anazi, Ibrahim

2012-08-01

119

The TeleLearning and Rural Education Centre: Macro and Micro Dimensions of Small School Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The TeleLearning and Rural Education Centre was established in January 1997 at Memorial University of Newfoundland, in one of the most sparsely populated and economically depressed areas of Canada. Of 462 schools in Newfoundland and Labrador, 66 percent are rural and over half have enrollments of under 200 students. The Centre was established to…

Stevens, Ken; Mulcahy, Dennis

120

Research on durability of self-leveling silicone rubber as aqueduct joint sealant  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Aqueduct joints are intentionally preset to accommodate expansion and contraction due to temperature changes. The performance of the joints, especially for the large aqueduct, is very important to the service behavior of the aqueduct structure. Currently, the durability of traditional sealant materials is too poor, and the seepage of the aqueduct joints has become the uppermost engineering disease. In this research, a new kind of self-leveling silicon rubber, which consists of polysiloxane oligomer, fillers, plasticizer, crosslinking agent, catalyst and tackifier, etc, has been prepared to be used as the aqueduct joint sealant. Experimental investigation has been conducted on the stability of the self-leveling silicone rubber under different conditions such as water immersion, freeze-thaw cycling, hot pressing-cold drawing, fatigue. The results show that the silicone rubber has better durability and can be much more compatible for the performance requirements of the joint sealant for the large aqueduct structures.

Chen, Meizhu; Mi, Yixuan; Wu, Shaopeng; Liu, Jiesheng

2009-12-01

121

The strategy of the Belgian nuclear research centre in the area of high-level waste form compatibility research  

SciTech Connect

The Belgian Nuclear Research Centre (SCK.CEN) has a long-standing expertise in research concerning the compatibility of waste forms with the final disposal environment. For high level waste, most attention goes to two waste forms that are relevant for Belgium, namely (1) vitrified waste from the reprocessing of spent fuel, and (2) spent fuel as such, referring to the direct disposal scenario. The expertise lies especially in the study of the chemical interactions between the waste forms and the disposal environment. This is done by laboratory experiments, supported by modeling. The experiments vary from traditional leach tests, to more specific tests for the determination of particular parameters, and highly realistic experiments. This results in a description of the phenomena that are expected upon disposal of the waste forms, and in quantitative data that allow a conservative long-term prediction of the in situ life time of the waste form. The predictions are validated by in situ experiments in the underground research laboratory HADES. The final objective of these studies, is to estimate the contribution of the waste form to the overall safety of the disposal system, as part of the Safety and Feasibility Case, planned by the national agency ONDRAF/NIRAS. The recent change of the Belgian disposal concept from an engineered barrier system based on the use of bentonite clay to a system based on a concrete buffer has caused a reorientation of the research programme. The expertise in the area of clay-waste interaction will however be maintained, to develop experimental methodologies in collaboration with other countries, and as a potential support to the decision making in those countries where a clay based near field is still the reference. The paper explains the current R and D approach, and highlights some recent experimental set-ups available at SCK.CEN for this purpose, with some illustrating results. (authors)

Lemmens, Karel; Cachoir, Christelle; Valcke, Elie; Ferrand, Karine; Aertsens, Marc; Mennecart, Thierry [Belgian Nuclear Research Centre, Boeretang 200, B-2400 Mol (Belgium)

2007-07-01

122

The WHO Collaborating Centre for Research and Control of Schistosomiasis at Niamey, Niger.  

PubMed

The Centre de Recherche sur les Méningites et les Schistosomes (CERMES) is a research institute depending on the Organisation de Coordination et de Coopération pour la lutte contre les Grandes Endémies--a West African Organization for Public Health--devoted to the studies on schistosomiasis and meningitis. The staff includes 32 persons with 11 scientists and one financial officer. The activities of the CERMES involving schistosomiasis concern three research units: (a) ecology of human and animal schistosomiasis transmission; the CERMES defined the different patterns of schistosomiasis transmission in Niger (involving African dry savana); in this field, we have shown, (i) the existence of important variability in conditions of transmission of S. haematobium and, (ii) natural hybridization between parasitic species of the ruminants (S. bovis and S. curassoni) and genetic interaction between human and animal parasites; (b) definition of morbidity indicators usable for rapid assessment methods, for appraisal of the severity of the disease and for the evaluation of the efficiency of control methods; we have established the correlation between ultrasonographic data and some cheap and simple field indicators; (c) immune response and protective immunity induced by recombinant glutathion S-transferase (Sm28, Sb28 and Sh28) in homologous and heterologous animal models including goats, sheep and non human primates (Erythrocebus patas). In Niger, we participate in all control programs against schistosomiasis to define control strategies, to supervise operations and to participate in their evaluation with external experts. International collaborations constitute a frame including four laboratories in Africa and six laboratories in developed countries (Europe and USA). PMID:9566246

Chippaux, J P; Boulanger, D; Brémond, P; Campagne, G; Véra, C; Sellin, B

1997-01-01

123

Jointly sponsored research program. Annual report, January 1995--December 1995  

SciTech Connect

This document provides a brief summary of research, carried out by the University of North Dakota Energy and Environmental Research Center, in areas pertaining to coal, pollution control, petroleum wastes, and gasoline.

NONE

1996-03-01

124

When Triple Helix Unravels: A Multi-Case Analysis of Failures in Industry-University Cooperative Research Centres  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cooperative research centres (CRCs) increasingly foster Triple Helix (industry-university-government) collaboration and represent significant vehicles for cooperation across sectors, the promotion of knowledge and technology transfer and ultimately the acceleration of innovation. A growing social science literature on CRCs focuses on their…

Gray, Denis; Sundstrom, Eric; Tornatzky, Louis G.; McGowen, Lindsey

2011-01-01

125

Using Art Installations as Action Research to Engage Children and Communities in Evaluating and Redesigning City Centre Spaces  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses learning from a project that set out to explore how the general public perceived the value of public art in the context of urban regeneration of a city centre space. Whilst not set up explicitly as an action research project, the paper discusses the way in which participatory public art projects of this kind can be understood…

Percy-Smith, Barry; Carney, Clare

2011-01-01

126

Establishing a Community-Controlled Multi-Institutional Centre for Clinical Research Excellence in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Queensland Aboriginal and Islander Health Council (QAIHC) lead and govern the Centre for Clinical Research Excellence (CCRE), which has a focus on circulatory and associated conditions in urban Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities. The CCRE is a partnership between QAIHC and Monash University, the Queensland University of…

Pearce, Leilani; Fredericks, Bronwyn

2007-01-01

127

Data Centres  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The extensive Natural Resource Canada governmental Web site contains a wealth of information suited to researchers. One way to access this data is through the Geological Survey of Canada's Data Centres link, which provides a one-stop location for earth science information. Everything from geophysical, petrophysics, geomagnetism, earth impacts, mineral data, and much more can be found here.

1969-12-31

128

Quiet Short-Haul Research Aircraft Joint Navy/NASA Sea Trials  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Quiet Short-Haul Research Aircraft (QSRA) is a flight facility which Ames Research Center is using to conduct a broad program of terminal area and low-speed, propulsive-life flight research. A joint Navy/NASA flight research program used the QSRA to investigate the application of advanced propulsive-lift technology to the naval aircraft-carrier environment. Flight performance of the QSRA is presented together with the results or the joint Navy/NASA flight program. During the joint program, the QSRA operated aboard the USS Kitty Hawk for 4 days, during which numerous unarrested landings and free deck takeoffs were accomplished. These operations demonstrated that a large aircraft incorporating upper-surface-blowing, propulsive-life technology can be operated in the aircraft-carrier environment without any unusual problems.

Queen, S.; Cochrane, J.

1982-01-01

129

Joint University Program for Air Transportation Research, 1982  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A summary of the research on air transportation is addressed including navigation; guidance, control and display concepts; and hardware, with special emphasis on applications to general aviation aircraft. Completed works and status reports are presented also included are annotated bibliographies of all published research sponsored on these grants since 1972.

1983-01-01

130

Evaluation of the accuracy of three popular regression equations for hip joint centre estimation using computerised tomography measurements for metal-on-metal hip resurfacing arthroplasty patients.  

PubMed

We investigated the accuracy of the regression equations by Bell et al., Davis III et al. and Harrington et al. for hip joint centre (HJC) estimation against the gold standard of computerised tomography (CT) measurements of HJC for 18 patients with metal-on-metal hip resurfacing arthroplasty (MoMHRA). The HJCs were estimated based on the position of the left and right Anterior Superior Iliac Spine (ASIS) and the left and right Posterior Superior Iliac Spine (PSIS) identified from a CT scan. Of the three tested regression equations, only those of Harrington et al. produced results that were not significantly different from the patient's 'true' HJCs as measured from the CT scan in all three directions when analysing left and right hips together for both resurfaced and native hips. When native and resurfaced hips were pooled and analysed for left and right, separately, the Harrington et al. regression equations showed significantly different results in the ML direction. Similar estimation errors were observed for native and resurfaced hips. Since none of the methods tested performed particularly well, we suggest using medical imaging if accurate estimates of HJCs are required. PMID:23454045

Andersen, Michael S; Mellon, Stephen; Grammatopoulos, George; Gill, Harinderjit S

2013-09-01

131

Joint Services Optics Program Research in the Optical Sciences.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes research on eleven different projects ranging from fundamental quantum optics to optical systems engineering. Some of the important results include: The demonstration of a prototype all solid state intracavity Raman laser for sodium ...

R. C. Powell

1997-01-01

132

Programs of Study: Year 2 Joint Technical Report. Research Snapshot  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In January 2010, the National Research Center for Career and Technical Education (NRCCTE) issued a progress report on three studies being conducted by the Center that examine the implementation and outcomes of Programs of Study (POS), which were required in the 2006 reauthorization of the federal legislation for career and technical education…

National Research Center for Career and Technical Education, 2010

2010-01-01

133

Joint University Program for Air Transportation Research, 1985  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Air transportation research being carried on at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Princeton University, and Ohio University is discussed. Global Positioning System experiments, Loran-C monitoring, inertial navigation, the optimization of aircraft trajectories through severe microbursts, fault tolerant flight control systems, and expert systems for air traffic control are among the topics covered.

Morrell, Frederick R. (compiler)

1987-01-01

134

Climate Models from the Joint Global Change Research Institute  

DOE Data Explorer

Staff at the Joint Institute develop and use models to simulate the economic and physical impacts of global change policy options. The GCAM, for example, gives analysts insight into how regional and national economies might respond to climate change mitigation policies including carbon taxes, carbon trading, and accelerated deployment of energy technology. Three available models are: • Phoenix - Phoenix is a global, dynamic recursive computable general equilibrium model that is solved in five-year time steps from 2005 through 2100 and divides the world into twenty-four regions. Each region includes twenty-six industrial sectors. Particular attention is paid to energy production in Phoenix. There are nine electricity-generating technologies (coal, natural gas, oil, biomass, nuclear, hydro, wind, solar, and geothermal) and four additional energy commodities: crude oil, refined oil products, coal, and natural gas. Phoenix is designed to answer economic questions related to international climate and energy policy and international trade. Phoenix replaces the Second Generation Model (SGM) that was formerly used for general equilibrium analysis at JGCRI. • Global Change Assessment Model - The Global Change Assessment Model (GCAM) is a partial equilibrium model of the world with 14 regions. GCAM operates in 5 year time steps from 1990 to 2095 and is designed to examine long-term changes in the coupled energy, agriculture/land-use, and climate system. GCAM includes a 151-region agriculture land-use module and a reduced form carbon cycle and climate module in addition to its incorporation of demographics, resources, energy production and consumption. The model has been used extensively in a number of assessment and modeling activities such as the Energy Modeling Forum (EMF) , the U.S. Climate Change Technology Program, and the U.S. Climate Change Science Program and IPCC assessment reports. GCAM is now freely available as a community model. • EPIC - (aka WinEPIC) The Environmental Policy Integrated Climate (EPIC) Model is a process-based agricultural systems model composed of simulation components for weather, hydrology, nutrient cycling, pesticide fate, tillage, crop growth, soil erosion, crop and soil management and economics. Staff at PNNL have been involved in the development of this model by integrating new sub-models for soil carbon dynamics and nitrogen cycling.

135

Research on Reverse Logistics Distribution Centre Location Problem in E-Business  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the development of E-business, reverse logistics become the important problem in enterprises, they can increase service quality and enterprises profit by improving reverse logistics system. In this compete environment, how to build an effective reverse logistics system and make a proper plan for the distribution centre location has become a challenge. This paper proposed a model based on 0-1

Liu Lan; Xue Huacheng; Wang Xia

2010-01-01

136

Process Evaluation of a Teaching and Learning Centre at a Research University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the evaluation of a teaching and learning centre (TLC) five?years after its inception at a mid-sized, midwestern state university. The mixed methods process evaluation gathered data from 209 attendees and non-attendees of the TLC from the full-time, benefit-eligible teaching faculty. Focus groups noted feelings of…

Smith, Deborah B.; Gadbury-Amyot, Cynthia C.

2014-01-01

137

Joint University Program for Air Transportation Research, 1990-1991  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The goals of this program are consistent with the interests of both NASA and the FAA in furthering the safety and efficiency of the National Airspace System. Research carried out at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Ohio University, and Princeton University are covered. Topics studied include passive infrared ice detection for helicopters, the cockpit display of hazardous windshear information, fault detection and isolation for multisensor navigation systems, neural networks for aircraft system identification, and intelligent failure tolerant control.

Morrell, Frederick R. (compiler)

1991-01-01

138

Centre for Asian and African Literatures  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As a joint project of the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS) and the University College of London (UCL), the Arts and Humanities Research Board Centre for Asian and African Literatures aims to become "a world-class locus for comparative research on the literatures of Asia and Africa." The Centre is distinctive for having a structure that elicits interaction between scholars of both Asia and Africa. Started in October 2000, the Centre is currently housing eight research projects that will span a five year period. Each project will run for three years and includes four different workshops. Some of the projects include Translations and Translation Theories East and West, Genre Ideologies and Narrative Transformation, and Gender and Literature in Cross-Cultural Contexts. The site provides a comprehensive explanation of each project, including context, methodology, and scope. This is an excellent site for research training in the fields of Asian and African literatures.

2000-01-01

139

[Quality management and practice-oriented research in a clinic-network of mother-/father-child rehabilitation centres].  

PubMed

The Research Network Prevention and Rehabilitation for Mothers and Children is an association of currently 24 rehabilitation centres for mothers, fathers and their children, and a scientific team at the Hannover Medical School. The Research Network combines practice-oriented research on mother and child health with the further development of treatment programmes and the implementation of internal quality management in mother-/father-child rehabilitation centres in accordance with DIN EN ISO 9001. The present paper describes the concept of the Research Network and the work contents addressed over the last three years. The advantages and disadvantages of this association and the changes initiated in practice were evaluated from the point of view of 19 quality managers of the participating clinics. The data were collected by means of semi-structured interviews, and a qualitative content analysis was performed in order to quantify the responses. The concept of the Research Network has proven successful. In the view of the quality managers of the clinics, implementation of DIN EN ISO 9001 has lead to structuring of the processes, improved internal communication, and increased motivation in the team. The major obstacles were the lack of time and human resources. In all clinics, the participation in practice-related research projects und scientifically monitored concept development has contributed to optimizing everyday practice. The exchange between the quality managers in external quality circle meetings was of central importance. The conjunction of internal quality management, practice-related research and concept development in a network can be recommended also for other associations of clinics, health centres or medical practices. PMID:20446193

Otto, F; Arnhold-Kerri, S

2010-04-01

140

Computer Assisted Surgery and Current Trends in Orthopaedics Research and Total Joint Replacements  

Microsoft Academic Search

Musculoskeletal research has brought about revolutionary changes in our ability to perform high precision surgery in joint replacement procedures. Recent advances in computer assisted surgery as well better materials have lead to reduced wear and greatly enhanced the quality of life of patients. The new surgical techniques to reduce the size of the incision and damage to underlying structures have

Farid Amirouche

2008-01-01

141

FAA/NASA Joint University Program for Air Transportation Research, 1992-1993  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The research conducted during the academic year 1992-1993 under the FAA/NASA sponsored Joint University Program for Air Transportation Research is summarized. The year end review was held at Ohio University, Athens, Ohio, 17-18 June 1993. The Joint University Program is a coordinated set of three grants sponsored by the Federal Aviation Administration and NASA Langley Research Center, one each with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Ohio University, and Princeton University. Completed works, status reports, and annotated bibliographies are presented for research topics, which include navigation, guidance, and control theory and practice, aircraft performance, human factors and air traffic management. An overview of the year's activities for each university is also presented.

Morrell, Frederick R. (compiler)

1994-01-01

142

Joint nuclear safety research projects between the US and Russian Federation International Nuclear Safety Centers  

SciTech Connect

The Russian Federation Ministry for Atomic Energy (MINATOM) and the US Department of Energy (USDOE) formed international Nuclear Safety Centers in October 1995 and July 1996, respectively, to collaborate on nuclear safety research. Since January 1997, the two centers have initiated the following nine joint research projects: (1) INSC web servers and databases; (2) Material properties measurement and assessment; (3) Coupled codes: Neutronic, thermal-hydraulic, mechanical and other; (4) Severe accident management for Soviet-designed reactors; (5) Transient management and advanced control; (6) Survey of relevant nuclear safety research facilities in the Russian Federation; (8) Advanced structural analysis; and (9) Development of a nuclear safety research and development plan for MINATOM. The joint projects were selected on the basis of recommendations from two groups of experts convened by NEA and from evaluations of safety impact, cost, and deployment potential. The paper summarizes the projects, including the long-term goals, the implementing strategy and some recent accomplishments for each project.

Bougaenko, S.E.; Kraev, A.E. [International Nuclear Safety Center of the Russian MINATOM, Moscow (Russian Federation); Hill, D.L.; Braun, J.C.; Klickman, A.E. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). International Nuclear Safety Center

1998-08-01

143

Dose reconstruction for the Urals population. Joint Coordinating Committee on Radiation Effects Research, Project 1.1 -- Final report  

SciTech Connect

This work is being carried out as a feasibility study to determine if a long-term course of work can be implemented to assess the long-term risks of radiation exposure delivered at low to moderate dose rates to the populations living in the vicinity of the Mayak Industrial Association (MIA). This work was authorized and conducted under the auspices of the US-Russian Joint Coordinating Committee on Radiation Effects Research (JCCRER) and its Executive Committee (EC). The MIA was the first Russian site for the production and separation of plutonium. This plant began operation in 1948, and during its early days there were technological failures that resulted in the release of large amounts of waste into the rather small Techa River. There were also gaseous releases of radioiodines and other radionuclides during the early days of operation. In addition, there was an accidental explosion in a waste storage tank in 1957 that resulted in a significant release. The Techa River Cohort has been studied for several years by scientists from the Urals Research Centre for Radiation Medicine and an increase in both leukemia and solid tumors has been noted.

Degteva, M.O. [Urals Research Center for Radiation Medicine, Chelyabinsk (Russian Federation)] [Urals Research Center for Radiation Medicine, Chelyabinsk (Russian Federation); Drozhko, E. [Branch 1 of Moscow Biophysics Inst., Ozersk (Russian Federation)] [Branch 1 of Moscow Biophysics Inst., Ozersk (Russian Federation); Anspaugh, L.R. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)] [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Napier, B.A. [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States)] [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Bouville, A.C. [National Cancer Inst., Bethesda, MD (United States)] [National Cancer Inst., Bethesda, MD (United States); Miller, C.W. [Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA (United States)] [Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA (United States)

1996-02-01

144

Research in the Modern Language Centre at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education of the University of Toronto (OISE/UT)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Modern Language Centre addresses a broad spectrum of theoretical and practical issues related to second and minority language teaching and learning. Since its foundation in 1968, the quality and range of the Centre's graduate studies programs, research, and development projects and field and dissemination services have brought it both national…

Kim, Youn-Hee; Kohls, Robert; Chun, Christian W.

2009-01-01

145

75 FR 23847 - Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development...Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and [[Page...Office. Cellular & Molecular Medicine........ June 7, 2010...L'Enfant Plaza Hotel. Clinical Research...

2010-05-04

146

Total hip arthroplasty versus resurfacing arthroplasty in the treatment of patients with arthritis of the hip joint: single centre, parallel group, assessor blinded, randomised controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Objectives To compare the clinical and cost effectiveness of total hip arthroplasty with resurfacing arthroplasty in patients with severe arthritis of the hip. Design Single centre, two arm, parallel group, assessor blinded, randomised controlled trial with 1:1 treatment allocation. Setting One large teaching hospital in the United Kingdom. Participants 126 patients older than 18 years with severe arthritis of the hip joint, suitable for resurfacing arthroplasty of the hip. Patients were excluded if they were considered to be unable to adhere to trial procedures or complete questionnaires. Interventions Total hip arthroplasty (replacement of entire femoral head and neck); hip resurfacing arthroplasty (replacement of the articular surface of femoral head only, femoral neck remains intact). Both procedures replaced the articular surface of the acetabulum. Main outcome measures Hip function at 12 months after surgery, assessed using the Oxford hip score and Harris hip score. Secondary outcomes were quality of life, disability rating, physical activity level, complications, and cost effectiveness. Results 60 patients were randomly assigned to hip resurfacing arthroplasty and 66 to total hip arthroplasty. Intention to treat analysis showed no evidence for a difference in hip function between treatment groups at 12 months (t test, P=0.242 and P=0.070 for Oxford hip score and Harris hip score, respectively); 95% of follow-up data was available for analysis. Mean Oxford hip score was 40.4 (95% confidence interval 37.9 to 42.9) in the resurfacing group and 38.2 (35.3 to 41.0) in the total arthroplasty group (estimated treatment effect size 2.23 (?1.52 to 5.98)). Mean Harris hip score was 88.4 (84.4 to 92.4) in the resurfacing group and 82.3 (77.2 to 87.5) in the total arthroplasty group (6.04 (?0.51 to 12.58)). Although we saw no evidence of a difference, we cannot definitively exclude clinically meaningful differences in hip function in the short term. Overall complication rates did not differ between treatment groups (P=0.291). However, we saw more wound complications in the total arthroplasty group (P=0.056) and more thromboembolic events in the resurfacing group (P=0.049). Conclusions No evidence of a difference in hip function was seen in patients with severe arthritis of the hip, one year after receiving a total hip arthroplasty versus resurfacing arthroplasty. The long term effects of these interventions remain uncertain. Trial registration Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN33354155, UKCRN 4093.

2012-01-01

147

Centre for Education, Training, & Research in Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency (CETREE) of Malaysia: Educating the Nation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Centre for Education, Training, and Research in Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency (CETREE), was established in the year 2000, in Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM). CETREE is a not-for-profit organization that was part of the Malaysian Government's continuous effort in promoting sustainable development. The centre's main task is to tackle issues and problems that are slowing the potential growth of RE & EE utilizations in Malaysia. CETREE and the Government of Malaysia, with funding and supports from Danish International Development Assistance (DANIDA) and USM, has been working together closely in applying trans-disciplinary educational methods and approaches for the teaching of RE & EE that are compatible with Malaysian. Through association with various entities such as Energy Centre of Malaysia (PTM), Energy Commission of Malaysia (ST), Malaysia Electricity Supply Industry Trust Account (MESITA) CETREE was able to successfully promote sustainable development through education and training. Significant accomplishments made by CETREE include introducing RE and EE as part of Malaysian secondary schools and universities education; conducting energy related courses for professionals; and generating awareness via campaign in the mass media and CETREE's mobile-exhibition-unit road-tour.

Ibrahim, Kamarulazizi; Hilme, Khairur Rahim Ahmad

2007-10-01

148

FAA/NASA Joint University Program for Air Transportation Research 1994-1995  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Joint University Program for Air Transportation Research (JUP) is a coordinated set of three grants co-sponsored by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). Under JUP, three institutions: the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Princeton, and Ohio Universities receive research grants and collaborate with FAA and NASA in defining and performing civil aeronautics research in a multitude of areas. Some of these disciplines are artificial intelligence, control theory, atmospheric hazards, navigation, avionics, human factors, flight dynamics, air traffic management, and electronic communications.

Remer, J. H.

1998-01-01

149

Research on the Implementation of the NASA Joint Sponsored Research Program and other Innovative Mechanism for Commercializing NASA Funded Technologies  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A goal of the ERAST Program is the commercial application of technology resulting from the work if the ERAST Alliance. This goal is sufficiently primary to be called out in the recitals section of the ERAST Joint Sponsored Research Agreement. In support of this goal, two activities described below were commenced in 1996 to assess and explore commercial applications of UAV technologies relevant to the ERAST Alliance.

Robbins, Karen Risa

1997-01-01

150

Research Review: Social motivation and oxytocin in autism - implications for joint attention development and intervention  

PubMed Central

Background and Scope The social motivation hypothesis (SMH) suggests that individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are less intrinsically rewarded by social stimuli than their neurotypical peers. This difference in social motivation has been posited as a factor contributing to social deficits in ASD. Social motivation is thought to involve the neuropeptide oxytocin. Here, we review the evidence for oxytocin effects in ASD, and discuss its potential role in one important social cognitive behavior. Methods Systematic searches were conducted using the PsychINFO and MEDLINE databases and the search terms “oxytocin”, and “autism”; the same databases were used for separate searches for “joint attention”, “intervention”, and “autism”, using the same inclusion criteria as an earlier 2011 review but updating it for the period 2010 to October 2012. Findings Several studies suggest that giving oxytocin to both individuals with ASD and typically developing individuals can enhance performance on social cognitive tasks. Studies that have attempted to intervene in joint attention in ASD suggest that social motivation may be a particular obstacle to lasting effects. Conclusions The review of the evidence for the SMH suggests a potential role for oxytocin in social motivation deficits in ASD. Because of its importance for later communicative and social development, the focus here is on implications of oxytocin and social motivation in the development of and interventions in joint attention. Joint attention is a central impairment in ASD, and as a result is the focus of several behavioral interventions. In describing this previous research on joint attention interventions in ASD, we pay particular attention to problems encountered in such studies, and propose ways that oxytocin may facilitate behavioral intervention in this area. For future research, integrating behavioral and pharmacological interventions (oxytocin administration) would be a worthwhile experimental direction to improve understanding of the role of oxytocin in ASD and help optimize outcomes for children with ASD.

Stavropoulos, Katherine K. M.; Carver, Leslie J.

2013-01-01

151

Building Swinburne Research Bank: an engaged, user-centred approach to content recruitment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The now-defunct Research Quality Framework (RQF) required all Australian higher education facilities to build open access institutional repositories for the storage and archival of university research outputs. Most universities followed the University of Southampton-supported model of open access by pursuing mandates for authors to self-deposit to their repositories. This well-established workflow places the onus for depositing research, managing copyright and

Rebecca Parker; Helen Wolff

152

Research in action: the training approach of the Joint Health Systems Research Project for the Southern African Region.  

PubMed

Over the last two decades, capacity-building in health research has been recognized as a priority by the international research community. Since 1987 the Joint Health Systems Research (HSR) Project for the Southern African Region has been making efforts to increase the national expertise for operational health research, starting in ten Southern African countries, in order to strengthen decision-making in health care at all levels. Initially, its targets were health managers and public health staff. Step-by-step, staff of different levels and disciplines have, in small groups, developed and implemented research protocols on problems experienced in their own working environment. The recommendations resulting from over 200 studies could, to a large extent, be implemented by the teams themselves. The Project was characterized by a flexible approach, allowing countries to participate at their own speed and to determine their own activities and the support they needed. As Ministries of Health as well as research institutions, in an increasing number of Southern and Eastern African countries, choose to actively participate in HSR, this has contributed to bridge the gap between the academic world and the health field. Still, sustainability of HSR activities remains a challenge. This paper describes the approach of the Joint HSR Project over the first 10 years of its operation, and its major strengths and limitations. PMID:11527869

Varkevisser, C M; Mwaluko, G M; Le Grand, A

2001-09-01

153

Physiological effects of oral glucosamine on joint health: current status and consensus on future research priorities  

PubMed Central

The aim of this paper was to provide an overview of the current knowledge and understanding of the potential beneficial physiological effects of glucosamine (GlcN) on joint health. The objective was to reach a consensus on four critical questions and to provide recommendations for future research priorities. To this end, nine scientists from Europe and the United States were selected according to their expertise in this particular field and were invited to participate in the Hohenheim conference held in August 2011. Each expert was asked to address a question that had previously been posed by the chairman of the conference. Based on a systematic review of the literature and the collection of recent data, the experts documented the effects of GlcN on cartilage ageing, metabolic/kinetic and maintenance of joint health as well as reduction of risk of OA development. After extensive debate and discussion the expert panel addressed each question and a general consensus statement was developed, agreeing on the current state-of-the-art and future areas for basic and clinical studies. This paper summarizes the available evidence for beneficial effects of GlcN on joint health and proposes new insight into the design of future clinical trials aimed at identifying beneficial physiological effect of GlcN on joint tissues.

2013-01-01

154

Addiction Research Centres and the Nurturing of Creativity: IFT Institut für Therapieforschung in Munich, Germany.  

PubMed

This paper describes the history and current structure of the Institut für Therapieforschung (IFT) [Institute for Therapy Research] in Munich, as well as major research topics and factors which might contribute to a creative structure and atmosphere for innovative research in the addiction field. The institute was founded in 1973 as a non-profit non-governmental organization (NGO) with a focus on applied research. Starting with behaviour therapy-based development and evaluation of programmes for alcohol, illicit drugs and smoking and the evaluation of treatment services, the institute gradually expanded its topics, covering prevention (1985) and epidemiology and policy evaluation (1990), and participated throughout this period in the development of guidelines and screening, diagnostic and clinical instruments. Later, the IFT tried to bridge the gap between basic sciences, applied research, health-care services and health policy, with a network of national and international contacts, including its own university engagements and collaborations with foreign research groups and national and European Union (EU) agencies. Possible creativity-promoting factors on the institutional and individual levels are discussed, e.g. the collaboration of experienced senior researchers with carefully selected innovative doctoral students, considerable in-house and external training of young researchers and the early participation and presentation of their work at international conferences, independence from stakeholders in the field and the refusal of project funds which require external clearance of publications. PMID:24903425

Bühringer, Gerhard

2014-08-01

155

Time Is Precious: Variable- and Event-Centred Approaches to Process Analysis in CSCL Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although temporality is a key characteristic of the core concepts of CSCL--interaction, communication, learning, knowledge building, technology use--and although CSCL researchers have privileged access to process data, the theoretical constructs and methods employed in research practice frequently neglect to make full use of information relating…

Reimann, Peter

2009-01-01

156

An additional carbon ion transport channel for biological research at the nuclotron of the joint institute for nuclear research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes the construction of the beam 12C+6 transport line for biomedical research at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR) Nuclotron accelerator complex. We have studied the scheme and operating modes of magneto-optical elements of the channel. The calculation results are presented for the carbon ion transport channel under study. The control algorithms of the carbon ion beam in the transportation system are discussed. The choice of the magneto-optical system is explained. The beam envelopes in the channel are plotted. The beam scanning control functions are considered.

Yudin, I. P.; Panasik, V. A.; Tyutyunnikov, S. I.

2012-05-01

157

QSRA Joint Navy/NASA sea trials. [Quiet Short Haul Research Aircraft  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Quiet Short-Haul Research Aircraft (QSRA), used to conduct a broad program of terminal area and low speed propulsive-lift flight research, is discussed. Flight performance of the QSRA is presented together with the results of the joint Navy/NASA flight program. It is found that both free-deck takeoffs and unarrested landings can be conducted with winds across the deck of zero to 35 knots on an aircraft carrier the size of the USS Kitty Hawk with all engines operating. QSRA characteristics and aerodynamic data are included.

Queen, S.; Cochrane, J.

1981-01-01

158

A Student-Centred Tutor-Led Approach to Teaching Research Methods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many institutions acknowledge that students find courses in research methods difficult and challenging. To overcome the problems associated with teaching this subject we have replaced the traditional didactic teaching approach, which did not facilitate student learning, optimize student achievement or adequately prepare students for their…

Edwards, Dawn F.; Thatcher, Joanne

2004-01-01

159

Innovation in Education. News from the Centre for Educational Research and Innovation OECD Paris. Number 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Brief notices of topics arising during the preceding four months from the Center's continuing program of work on behalf of Member countries of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) are given in this news-sheet. CERI's interest and activity focus on three areas: 1) Research into the relations between education and…

Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France). Centre for Educational Research and Innovation.

160

Prionet Canada: A Network of Centres of Excellence for Research into Prions and Prion Diseases  

Microsoft Academic Search

PrioNet Canada's strength in basic, applied, and social research is helping to solve the food, health safety, and socioeconomic problems associated with prion diseases. Prion diseases are transmissible, fatal neurodegenerative diseases of humans and animals. Examples of prion diseases include bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE, commonly known as “mad cow” disease), Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease in humans, and chronic wasting disease (CWD) in

Michelle Wong; Janie Toth; Sandra Haney; Michael G. Tyshenko; Shalu Darshan; Daniel Krewski; Frederick A. Leighton; David Westaway; Stephen S. Moore; Maura Ricketts; Neil Cashman

2009-01-01

161

CAD Centre - Index Searcher  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A searchable index of the CAD Centre, a postgraduate teaching and research unit in design manufacture and engineering management, with research focused on design methods and computer support of the design process for engineering applications.

2007-10-11

162

The Research and Training Activities for the Joint Institute for Aeronautics and Acoustics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This proposal requests continued support for the program of activities to be undertaken by the Ames-Stanford Joint Institute for Aeronautics and Acoustics during the one-year period October 1, 1997 to September 30, 1998. The emphasis in this program is on training and research in experimental and computational methods with application to aerodynamics, acoustics and the important interactions between them. The program comprises activities in active flow control, Large Eddy Simulation of jet noise, flap aerodynamics and acoustics, high lift modeling studies and luminescent paint applications. During the proposed period there will be a continued emphasis on the interaction between NASA Ames, Stanford University and Industry, particularly in connection with the noise and high lift activities. The program will be conducted within the general framework of the Memorandum of Understanding (1976) establishing the Institute, as updated in 1993. As outlined in the agreement, the purposes of the Institute include the following: (1) To conduct basic and applied research; (2) to promote joint endeavors between Center scientists and those in the academic community; (3) to provide training to graduate students in specialized areas of aeronautics and acoustics through participation in the research programs of the Institute; (4) to provide opportunities for Post-Doctoral Fellows to collaborate in research programs of the Institute; and (5) to disseminate information about important aeronautical topics and to enable scientists and engineers of the Center to stay abreast of new advances through symposia, seminars and publications.

Cantwell, Brian

1997-01-01

163

Australian Centre for Astrobiology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Australian Centre for Astrobiology performs research in physics, astronomy, and cosmology, as well as investigates the possibility of life beyond Earth. After learning about the Centre's latest news and events, users can find summaries of the many current research projects including studies of ancient hydrothermal systems, remote sensing of the atmosphere of Venus, and varying constants. The website features the research, papers, and achievements of Professor Paul Davies and the Centre's other members. Students and educators can discover research and scholarship opportunities. This site is also reviewed in the June 25, 2004 _NSDL Physical Sciences Report_.

164

Record of the first meeting of the Joint Coordinating Committee for Radiation Effects Research  

SciTech Connect

This conference was held July 27--28, 1994 in Moscow. The main purpose of the meeting was to implement an agreement between the Russian Federation and the US to facilitate cooperative research on health and environmental effects of radiation. It was hoped that the exchange of information would provide a good basis for employing new scientific knowledge to implement practical measures to facilitate the rehabilitation of radioactively contaminated areas and to treat radiation illnesses. The Russian Federation suggested five main scientific areas for cooperative research. They will prepare proposals on 4--5 projects within the scope of the scientific areas discussed and forward them to the US delegation for consideration of the possibility to facilitate joint research.

NONE

1994-12-31

165

23 science societies issue joint call for more federal research dollars  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In an unprecedented demonstration of unity, the leaders of 23 American scientific societies and umbrella organizations gathered on March 4 in Washington, D.C., to press the U.S. federal government for increased funding for scientific research and to make an investment in the nation's future. In a “Joint Statement on Scientific Research” addressed to President Bill Clinton and the Congress, the presidents of learned societies representing more than one million scientists, mathematicians, and engineers asked the government “to renew the nation's historical commitment to scientific research and education,” and to reverse the decline of federal investment in science and engineering. The American Geophysical Union was one of the signatories of the statement.

Carlowicz, Michael

166

Risk, Territory and Society: Challenge for a Joint European Regulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2004, the Major Accidents Hazards Bureau of the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission launched the “Land Use Planning Including MAHB and NEDIES” research programme, in the context of which most of the research collected in this book was conducted. The focus of the investigation was on the different methods developed by Member States for implementing Art 12

C. Basta

2009-01-01

167

76 FR 66367 - Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...The Sheraton Crystal City. Clinical Research Program... December 8-9, 2011.. The Sheraton Crystal City. Gastroenterology............ December 9, 2011.... The Sheraton Crystal City. Mental Hlth & Behav...

2011-10-26

168

The Research and Training Activities for the Joint Institute for Aeronautics and Acoustics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This proposal requests continued support for the program of activities to be undertaken by the Ames-Stanford Joint Institute for Aeronautics and Acoustics during the period 1 Oct. 1995 - 30 Sept. 1996. The emphasis in this program is on training and research in experimental and computational methods with application to aerodynamics, acoustics and the important interactions between them. The program comprises activities in active flow control, Large Eddy Simulation of jet noise, flap aerodynamics and acoustics and high lift modeling studies. During the proposed period there will be a continued emphasis on the interaction between NASA Ames, Stanford University and Industry, particularly in connection with the high lift activities.

Cantwell, Brian

1995-01-01

169

Design and performance of a multi-centre randomised controlled trial and economic evaluation of joint tele-consultations [ISRCTN54264250  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Appropriate information flow is crucial to the care of patients, particularly at the interface between primary and secondary care. Communication problems can result from inadequate organisation and training, There is a major expectation that information and communication technologies may offer solutions, but little reliable evidence. This paper reports the design and performance of a multi-centre randomised controlled trial (RCT),

Paul Wallace; Andrew Haines; Robert Harrison; Julie A Barber; Simon Thompson; Jennifer Roberts; Paul B Jacklin; Leo Lewis; Paul Wainwright

2002-01-01

170

Transregional Collaborative Research Centre 32: Patterns in Soil-Vegetation-Atmosphere-Systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The soil-vegetation-atmosphere (SVA) system is characterized by non-linear multi-scale exchange processes concerning mass, momentum and energy resulting in complex spatial and temporal patterns and structures. Under the TR32 framework, the characterisation of these structures and patterns will lead to a deeper qualitative and quantitative understanding of the SVA system, and ultimately to better predictions of the SVA state. TR32-research is based on three methodological pillars: Monitoring, Modelling and Data Assimilation. While focusing on the Rur Catchment (Germany), patterns are monitored since 2006 continuously using existing and novel geophysical and remote sensing techniques from the local to the catchment scale like ground penetrating radar, polarimetric precipitation and cloud radar imaging, spectrally induced polarization, radiomagnetotellurics, electrical resistivity tomography, boundary layer scintillometry, lidar techniques, cosmic-ray, and microwave radiometry. Model development centers around a coupled model platform TerrSysMP, which considers mutual fluxes from the groundwater to the atmosphere from the meter to the kilometer scale by combining the atmospheric model COSMO, the land surface model CLM, and the hydrological model ParFlow in a scale-consistent way using the external OASIS coupler. Another focus is a LES model coupled to a novel landsurface scheme, which has been developed for a better understanding of the propagation of patterns between landsurface and atmosphere and their mutual interactions. A range of projects focus on smaller scales processes e.g. down to individual roots, which are modelled at high resolution in order to develop suitable parametrisations for TerrSysMP. Other research foci of TR32 are the transfer of results and developed technology related to new soil analysis tools from the laboratory to the field, the quantification of patterns of soil-carbon, evapotranspiration and respiration in the field, and the setup and operation of the atmospheric boundary layer, cloud and precipitation monitoring site JOYCE (Jülich ObservatorY for Cloud Evolution). These modern and predominantly non-invasive measurement techniques are exploited in combination with advanced modelling systems by data assimilation to yield improved predictions of the transfers of water-, energy and CO2 by accounting for the patterns occurring at various scales. We will present selected results and remaining challenges for characterizing the intertwined patterns and structure at the catchment scale.

Simmer, C.; Diekkrueger, B.; Crewell, S.; Klitzsch, N.; Vereecken, H.; Boessenkool, K. P.; Kollet, S. J.; Hintz, M.; Schickling, A.; Masbou, M.

2013-12-01

171

Transregional Collaborative Research Centre 32: Patterns in Soil-Vegetation-Atmosphere-Systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The soil-vegetation-atmosphere (SVA) system is characterized by non-linear multi-scale exchange processes concerning mass, momentum and energy resulting in complex spatial and temporal patterns and structures. Under the TR32 framework, the characterisation of these structures and patterns will lead to a deeper qualitative and quantitative understanding of the SVA system, and ultimately to better predictions of the SVA state. TR32-research is based on three methodological pillars: Monitoring, Modelling and Data Assimilation. While focusing on the Rur Catchment (Germany), patterns are monitored since 2006 continuously using existing and novel geophysical and remote sensing techniques from the local to the catchment scale like ground penetrating radar, polarimetric precipitation and cloud radar imaging, spectrally induced polarization, radiomagnetotellurics, electrical resistivity tomography, boundary layer scintillometry, lidar techniques, cosmic-ray, and microwave radiometry. Model development centers around a coupled model platform TerrSysMP, which considers mutual fluxes from the groundwater to the atmosphere from the meter to the kilometer scale by combining the atmospheric model COSMO, the land surface model CLM, and the hydrological model ParFlow in a scale-consistent way using the external OASIS coupler. Another focus is a LES model coupled to a novel landsurface scheme, which has been developed for a better understanding of the propagation of patterns between landsurface and atmosphere and their mutual interactions. A range of projects focus on smaller scales processes e.g. down to individual roots, which are modelled at high resolution in order to develop suitable parametrisations for TerrSysMP. Other research foci of TR32 are the transfer of results and developed technology related to new soil analysis tools from the laboratory to the field, the quantification of patterns of soil-carbon, evapotranspiration and respiration in the field, and the setup and operation of the atmospheric boundary layer, cloud and precipitation monitoring site JOYCE (Jülich ObservatorY for Cloud Evolution). These modern and predominantly non-invasive measurement techniques are exploited in combination with advanced modelling systems by data assimilation to yield improved predictions of the transfers of water-, energy and CO2 by accounting for the patterns occurring at various scales. We will present selected results and remaining challenges for characterizing the intertwined patterns and structure at the catchment scale.

Thiele-Eich, Insa; Simmer, Clemens; Diekkrüger, Bernd; Crewell, Susanne; Klitzsch, Norbert; Vereecken, Harry; Kollet, Stefan; Hintz, Michael

2014-05-01

172

Experimental research on reliability of reflowed through-hole solder joints  

Microsoft Academic Search

An analysis on reliability of through hole solder joints under thermal shock was carried out in this paper. Compared with the traditional wave soldered joints, the response of reflow soldered joints to the thermal fatigue test were studied in non-destructive and destructive ways. Cracks were caused in solder joints by the coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) mismatch. And the cracking

Y. Ding; C. Q. Wang; Y. H. Tian

2003-01-01

173

South Centre  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based in Switzerland, South Centre is a multi-national organization which promotes the global organization of its 46 member nations in order to become "effective in mobilizing its considerable combined expertise and experience or its bargaining power." The site contains a large number of current working papers, South Centre's quarterly newsletter South Letter, and relevant links.

174

Joint research effort on vibrations of twisted plates, phase 1: Final results  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The complete theoretical and experimental results of the first phase of a joint government/industry/university research study on the vibration characteristics of twisted cantilever plates are given. The study is conducted to generate an experimental data base and to compare many different theoretical methods with each other and with the experimental results. Plates with aspect ratios, thickness ratios, and twist angles representative of current gas turbine engine blading are investigated. The theoretical results are generated by numerous finite element, shell, and beam analysis methods. The experimental results are obtained by precision matching a set of twisted plates and testing them at two laboratories. The second and final phase of the study will concern the effects of rotation.

Kielb, R. E.; Leissa, A. W.; Macbain, J. C.; Carney, K. S.

1985-01-01

175

Russian Tu-144LL SST Roll-Out for Joint NASA Research Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The modified Tu-144LL supersonic flying laboratory is rolled out of its hangar at the Zhukovsky Air Development Center near Moscow, Russia in March 1996 at the beginning of a joint U.S. - Russian high-speed flight research program. The 'LL' stands for Letayuschaya Laboratoriya, which means Flying Laboratory. NASA teamed with American and Russian aerospace industries for an extended period in a joint international research program featuring the Russian-built Tu-144LL supersonic aircraft. The object of the program was to develop technologies for a proposed future second-generation supersonic airliner to be developed in the 21st Century. The aircraft's initial flight phase began in June 1996 and concluded in February 1998 after 19 research flights. A shorter follow-on program involving seven flights began in September 1998 and concluded in April 1999. All flights were conducted in Russia from Tupolev's facility at the Zhukovsky Air Development Center near Moscow. The centerpiece of the research program was the Tu 144LL, a first-generation Russian supersonic jetliner that was modified by its developer/builder, Tupolev ANTK (aviatsionnyy nauchno-tekhnicheskiy kompleks-roughly, aviation technical complex), into a flying laboratory for supersonic research. Using the Tu-144LL to conduct flight research experiments, researchers compared full-scale supersonic aircraft flight data with results from models in wind tunnels, computer-aided techniques, and other flight tests. The experiments provided unique aerodynamic, structures, acoustics, and operating environment data on supersonic passenger aircraft. Data collected from the research program was being used to develop the technology base for a proposed future American-built supersonic jetliner. Although actual development of such an advanced supersonic transport (SST) is currently on hold, commercial aviation experts estimate that a market for up to 500 such aircraft could develop by the third decade of the 21st Century. The Tu-144LL used in the NASA-sponsored research program was a 'D' model with different engines than were used in production-model aircraft. Fifty experiments were proposed for the program and eight were selected, including six flight and two ground (engine) tests. The flight experiments included studies of the aircraft's exterior surface, internal structure, engine temperatures, boundary-layer airflow, the wing's ground-effect characteristics, interior and exterior noise, handling qualities in various flight profiles, and in-flight structural flexibility. The ground tests studied the effect of air inlet structures on airflow entering the engine and the effect on engine performance when supersonic shock waves rapidly change position in the engine air inlet. A second phase of testing further studied the original six in-flight experiments with additional instrumentation installed to assist in data acquisition and analysis. A new experiment aimed at measuring the in-flight deflections of the wing and fuselage was also conducted. American-supplied transducers and sensors were installed to measure nose boom pressures, angle of attack, and sideslip angles with increased accuracy. Two NASA pilots, Robert Rivers of Langley Research Center, Hampton, Virginia, and Gordon Fullerton from Dryden Flight Research Center, Edwards, California, assessed the aircraft's handling at subsonic and supersonic speeds during three flight tests in September 1998. The program concluded after four more data-collection flights in the spring of 1999. The Tu-144LL model had new Kuznetsov NK-321 turbofan engines rated at more than 55,000 pounds of thrust in full afterburner. The aircraft is 215 feet, 6 inches long and 42 feet, 2 inches high with a wingspan of 94 feet, 6 inches. The aircraft is constructed mostly of light aluminum alloy with titanium and stainless steel on the leading edges, elevons, rudder, and the under-surface of the rear fuselage.

1996-01-01

176

Jointness: A Selected Bibliography.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

JDEIS is the Joint Doctrine, Education and Training Community Electronic Information System. It encompasses a searchable Joint Doctrine Database, a Joint Education section that includes the JPME Prospective Research Topics Database, as well as award-winni...

L. Garder

2010-01-01

177

The Joint Aerosol-Monsoon Experiment: A New Challenge to Monsoon Climate Research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Aerosol and monsoon related droughts and floods are two of the most serious environmental hazards confronting more than 60% of the population of the world living in the Asian monsoon countries. In recent years, thanks to improved satellite and in-situ observations, and better models, great strides have been made in aerosol, and monsoon research respectively. There is now a growing body of evidence suggesting that interaction of aerosol forcing with water cycle dynamics in monsoon regions may substantially alter the redistribution of energy at the earth surface and in the atmosphere, and therefore significantly impact monsoon rainfall variability and long term trends. In this talk, I will describe issues related to societal needs, scientific background, and challenges in studies of aerosol-water cycle interaction in Asian monsoon regions. As a first step towards addressing these issues, the authors call for an integrated observation and modeling research approach aimed at the interactions between aerosol chemistry and radiative effects and monsoon dynamics of the coupled ocean-atmosphere-land system. A Joint Aerosol-Monsoon Experiment (JAMEX) is proposed for 2007-2011, with an enhanced observation period during 2008-09, encompassing diverse arrays of observations from surface, aircraft, unmanned aerial vehicles, and satellites of physical and chemical properties of aerosols, long range aerosol transport as well as meteorological and oceanographic parameters in the Indo-Pacific Asian monsoon region. JAMEX will leverage on coordination among many ongoing and planned national programs on aerosols and monsoon research in China, India, Japan, Nepal, Italy, US, as well as international research programs of the World Climate Research Program (WCRP) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO).

Lau, William K. M.

2008-01-01

178

The IMERAPlus joint research project for determinations of the Boltzmann constant  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To provide new determinations of the Boltzmann constant, k, which has been asked for by the International Committee for Weights and Measures concerning preparative steps towards new definitions of the kilogram, the ampere, the kelvin and the mole, an iMERAPlus joint research project has coordinated the European activities in this field. In this major European research project the Boltzmann constant has been determined by various methods to support the new definition of the kelvin. The final results of the project are reviewed in this paper. Determinations of the Boltzmann constant k were achieved within the project by all three envisaged methods: acoustic gas thermometry, Doppler broadening technique, and dielectric constant gas thermometry. The results were exploited by the interdisciplinary Committee on Data for Science and Technology (CODATA) in their 2010 adjustment of recommended values for fundamental constants. As a result, the CODATA group recommended a value for k with a relative standard uncertainty about a factor of two smaller than the previous u(k)/k of 1.7×10-6.

Fischer, J.; Fellmuth, B.; Gaiser, C.; Zandt, T.; Pitre, L.; Briaudeau, S.; Sparasci, F.; Truong, D.; Hermier, Y.; Gavioso, R. M.; Guianvarc'h, C.; Albo, P. A. Giuliano; Merlone, A.; Moro, F.; de Podesta, M.; Sutton, G.; Underwood, R.; Machin, G.; del Campo, D.; Segovia Puras, J.; Vega-Maza, D.; Petersen, J.; Hald, J.; Nielsen, L.; Valkiers, S.; Darquié, B.; Bordé, C.; Chardonnet, C.; Daussy, C.; Gianfrani, L.; Castrillo, A.; Laporta, P.; Galzerano, G.

2013-09-01

179

European Centre for Minority Issues  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While the European Centre for Minority Issues (ECMI) has been in existence since 1996, its history dates back to 1991 when Kurt Hamer (a representative for issues related to various Danish and German minority groups) circulated a memorandum calling for the possibility of a joint venture between Germany and Denmark that would investigate various issues affecting minorities throughout Europe. As their mission statement notes, "The ECMI conducts practice-oriented research, provides information and documentation, and offers advisory services concerning minority-majority relations in Europe." Along with this particular facet of their operations, the ECMI is also interested in the "early monitoring, study and resolution of ethnic tension and potential conflicts in all regions of Europe." On the website, visitors can learn about upcoming events and conferences sponsored by the Centre, read about its current and proposed projects, and learn about its wide-ranging publication series. While many of the handbooks and monographs are not available as free downloads, many of the reports and working papers presented here are available for free in the pdf format. Some of the more recent working papers include investigations into educational reform in Bosnia and Herzegovina and international involvement in the South Caucasus.

180

Research on the Swing of the Body of Two-Joint Robot Fish  

Microsoft Academic Search

The disadvantages caused by the swing of a fish body were analyzed. The coordinate system of a two-joint robot fish was built. The hydrodynamic analysis of robot fish was developed. The dynamic simulation of a two-joint robot fish was carried out with the ADAMS software. The relationship between the swing of fish body and the mass distribution of robot fish,

Ying-xiang Liu; Wei-shan Chen; Jun-kao Liu

2008-01-01

181

Russian Tu-144LL SST Roll-out for Joint NASA Research Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

U.S. Ambassador Pickering addresses Russian and American dignitaries, industry representatives and members of the press during a roll-out ceremony for the modified Tu-144LL supersonic flying laboratory. The ceremony was held at the Zhukovsky Air Development Center near Moscow, Russia, on March 17, 1996. The 'LL' designation for the aircraft stands for Letayuschaya Laboratoriya, which means Flying Laboratory in Russian. NASA teamed with American and Russian aerospace industries for an extended period in a joint international research program featuring the Russian-built Tu-144LL supersonic aircraft. The object of the program was to develop technologies for a proposed future second-generation supersonic airliner to be developed in the 21st Century. The aircraft's initial flight phase began in June 1996 and concluded in February 1998 after 19 research flights. A shorter follow-on program involving seven flights began in September 1998 and concluded in April 1999. All flights were conducted in Russia from Tupolev's facility at the Zhukovsky Air Development Center near Moscow. The centerpiece of the research program was the Tu 144LL, a first-generation Russian supersonic jetliner that was modified by its developer/builder, Tupolev ANTK (aviatsionnyy nauchno-tekhnicheskiy kompleks-roughly, aviation technical complex), into a flying laboratory for supersonic research. Using the Tu-144LL to conduct flight research experiments, researchers compared full-scale supersonic aircraft flight data with results from models in wind tunnels, computer-aided techniques, and other flight tests. The experiments provided unique aerodynamic, structures, acoustics, and operating environment data on supersonic passenger aircraft. Data collected from the research program was being used to develop the technology base for a proposed future American-built supersonic jetliner. Although actual development of such an advanced supersonic transport (SST) is currently on hold, commercial aviation experts estimate that a market for up to 500 such aircraft could develop by the third decade of the 21st Century. The Tu-144LL used in the NASA-sponsored research program was a 'D' model with different engines than were used in production-model aircraft. Fifty experiments were proposed for the program and eight were selected, including six flight and two ground (engine) tests. The flight experiments included studies of the aircraft's exterior surface, internal structure, engine temperatures, boundary-layer airflow, the wing's ground-effect characteristics, interior and exterior noise, handling qualities in various flight profiles, and in-flight structural flexibility. The ground tests studied the effect of air inlet structures on airflow entering the engine and the effect on engine performance when supersonic shock waves rapidly change position in the engine air inlet. A second phase of testing further studied the original six in-flight experiments with additional instrumentation installed to assist in data acquisition and analysis. A new experiment aimed at measuring the in-flight deflections of the wing and fuselage was also conducted. American-supplied transducers and sensors were installed to measure nose boom pressures, angle of attack, and sideslip angles with increased accuracy. Two NASA pilots, Robert Rivers of Langley Research Center, Hampton, Virginia, and Gordon Fullerton from Dryden Flight Research Center, Edwards, California, assessed the aircraft's handling at subsonic and supersonic speeds during three flight tests in September 1998. The program concluded after four more data-collection flights in the spring of 1999. The Tu-144LL model had new Kuznetsov NK-321 turbofan engines rated at more than 55,000 pounds of thrust in full afterburner. The aircraft is 215 feet, 6 inches long and 42 feet, 2 inches high with a wingspan of 94 feet, 6 inches. The aircraft is constructed mostly of light aluminum alloy with titanium and stainless steel on the leading edges, elevons, rudder, and the under-surface of the rear fuselage.

1996-01-01

182

Joint Spanish-American Research uncovers fracture pattern in northeastern Caribbean  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A joint Spanish-American geophysical cruise north of the Virgin Islands has delineated the fracture pattern of the North American plate as it is overrun by the northeast corner of the Caribbean plate. Previously known fractures parallel to the plate boundary (approximately east-west) probably result from plate flexure, while newly defined crossing fractures (north-northeast) may be related to extension produced by the compound bend of the North American plate. The direction of the fractures may be modified by preexisting spreading tectonic fabric.The fieldwork took place in May 1997 aboard the Spanish research vessel Hespérides as part of an ongoing effort to study plate interactions and their seismotectonic effects on Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Multichannel seismic-reflection profiles, multibeam bathymetry, and gravity and magnetic data were collected on the cruise. Also examined were reprocessed regional seismic lines, newly relocated earthquake epicenters, and satellite gravity data. The program was planned by scientists from the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), Instituto Español de Oceanografía (IEO), and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.

Dillon, William P.; Acosta, Juan; Uchupi, Elazar; ten Brink, Uri S.

183

Spacecraft environmental interactions: A joint Air Force and NASA research and technology program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A joint Air Force/NASA comprehensive research and technology program on spacecraft environmental interactions to develop technology to control interactions between large spacecraft systems and the charged-particle environment of space is described. This technology will support NASA/Department of Defense operations of the shuttle/IUS, shuttle/Centaur, and the force application and surveillance and detection missions, planning for transatmospheric vehicles and the NASA space station, and the AFSC military space system technology model. The program consists of combined contractual and in-house efforts aimed at understanding spacecraft environmental interaction phenomena and relating results of ground-based tests to space conditions. A concerted effort is being made to identify project-related environmental interactions of concern. The basic properties of materials are being investigated to develop or modify the materials as needed. A group simulation investigation is evaluating basic plasma interaction phenomena to provide inputs to the analytical modeling investigation. Systems performance is being evaluated by both groundbased tests and analysis.

Pike, C. P.; Purvis, C. K.; Hudson, W. R.

1985-01-01

184

Key Topics for High-Lift Research: A Joint Wind Tunnel/Flight Test Approach  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Future high-lift systems must achieve improved aerodynamic performance with simpler designs that involve fewer elements and reduced maintenance costs. To expeditiously achieve this, reliable CFD design tools are required. The development of useful CFD-based design tools for high lift systems requires increased attention to unresolved flow physics issues. The complex flow field over any multi-element airfoil may be broken down into certain generic component flows which are termed high-lift building block flows. In this report a broad spectrum of key flow field physics issues relevant to the design of improved high lift systems are considered. It is demonstrated that in-flight experiments utilizing the NASA Dryden Flight Test Fixture (which is essentially an instrumented ventral fin) carried on an F-15B support aircraft can provide a novel and cost effective method by which both Reynolds and Mach number effects associated with specific high lift building block flows can be investigated. These in-flight high lift building block flow experiments are most effective when performed in conjunction with coordinated ground based wind tunnel experiments in low speed facilities. For illustrative purposes three specific examples of in-flight high lift building block flow experiments capable of yielding a high payoff are described. The report concludes with a description of a joint wind tunnel/flight test approach to high lift aerodynamics research.

Fisher, David; Thomas, Flint O.; Nelson, Robert C.

1996-01-01

185

Getting the Price Right: Costing and Charging Commercial Provision in Centres of Vocational Excellence (CoVEs). Research Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Centres of Vocational Excellence (CoVEs) were established in 2001, intended to be a key driver in enhancing the contribution of the further education (FE) sector to meeting skills needs. Current government policy expects employers and individuals to pay a greater share of the costs of training, particularly at Level 3, which is the CoVE priority…

Aitken, Liz; Chadwick, Arthur; Hughes, Maria

2006-01-01

186

An ecological footprint for an early learning centre: identifying opportunities for early childhood sustainability education through interdisciplinary research  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, engineers and educators worked together to adapt and apply the ecological footprint (EF) methodology to an early learning centre in Brisbane, Australia. Results were analysed to determine how environmental impact can be reduced at the study site and more generally across early childhood settings. It was found that food, transport and energy consumption had the largest impact

Heidi McNichol; Julie Margaret Davis; Katherine R. O’Brien

2011-01-01

187

An Ecological Footprint for an Early Learning Centre: Identifying Opportunities for Early Childhood Sustainability Education through Interdisciplinary Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, engineers and educators worked together to adapt and apply the ecological footprint (EF) methodology to an early learning centre in Brisbane, Australia. Results were analysed to determine how environmental impact can be reduced at the study site and more generally across early childhood settings. It was found that food, transport…

McNichol, Heidi; Davis, Julie Margaret; O'Brien, Katherine R.

2011-01-01

188

238Pu, 239,240Pu, 241Am, 90Sr and 137Cs in soils around nuclear research centre Rez, near Prague.  

PubMed

Forty-four soil samples were taken around the nuclear research centre Rez, near Prague. The mean activity concentrations of 238Pu, 239,240Pu, 241Am, 90Sr and 137Cs in uncultivated soil were 0.010, 0.26, 0.12, 2.7 and 23 Bq.kg(-1), respectively. Contents of radionuclides in cultivated soil were lower and in forest soil higher than in uncultivated soil. The mean activity ratios of 238Pu/239,240Pu, 241Am/239,240Pu, 90Sr/239,240Pu and 239,240Pu/137Cs in uncultivated soil were 0.041, 0.47, 10.9 and 0.013, respectively. The mean activity ratios in cultivated and forest soils were close to the values given above. It follows from the results that the source of 239,240Pu, 90Sr and 137Cs in the studied area is deposition from atmospheric nuclear tests, in the case of 137Cs also deposition from Chernobyl accident. The contribution of the research centre effluents was not proved for these radionuclides. Increased activity ratio of 241Am/239,240Pu indicates the presence of 241Am in the soils studied emanating from sources other than nuclear tests. Uniform distribution of the 241Am/239,240Pu activity ratio around the nuclear research centre and the absence of an area with evidently higher activity ratio, including at sites lying in the main wind direction, suggest that the additional activity of 241Am does not originate from the nuclear research centre. The additional source might be the deposition following the Chernobyl accident. PMID:14567947

Hölgye, Z; Schlesingerová, E; Tecl, J; Filgas, R

2004-01-01

189

Collaborative research on V/STOL control system/cockpit display tradeoffs under the NASA/MOD joint aeronautical program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Summarized here are activities that have taken place from 1979 to the present in a collaborative program between NASA Ames Research Center and the Royal Aerospace Establishment (now Defence Research Agency), Bedford on flight control system and cockpit display tradeoffs for low-speed and hover operations of future V/STOL aircraft. This program was created as Task 8A of the Joint Aeronautical Program between NASA in the United States and the Ministry of Defence (Procurement Executive) in the United Kingdom. The program was initiated based on a recognition by both parties of the strengths of the efforts of their counterparts and a desire to participate jointly in future simulation and flight experiments. In the ensuing years, teams of NASA and RAE engineers and pilots have participated in each other's simulation experiments to evaluate control and display concepts and define design requirements for research aircraft. Both organizations possess Harrier airframes that have undergone extensive modification to provide in-flight research capabilities in the subject areas. Both NASA and RAE have profited by exchanges of control/display concepts, design criteria, fabrication techniques, software development and validation, installation details, and ground and flight clearance techniques for their respective aircraft. This collaboration has permitted the two organizations to achieve jointly substantially more during the period than if they had worked independently. The two organizations are now entering the phase of flight research for the collaborative program as currently defined.

Franklin, J. A.; Nicholas, O. P.

1992-01-01

190

Joint DMS/BIO/NIGMS Initiative to Support Research in the Area of Mathematical Biology  

NSF Publications Database

... Institutes of Health National Institute of General Medical Sciences Full Proposal Deadline(s) (due ... 15, 2005 SUMMARY OF PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS General Information Program Title: Joint DMS/BIO/NIGMS ...

191

Shell Centre for Mathematical Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Shell Centre for Mathematical Education, a centre for research and development within the School of Education at the University of Nottingham, offers WWW pages which includes a collection of information technologies used in the classroom, details of publications and research, as well as a Distractions Page "intended to contain entertaining items of varying degrees of educational value."

192

The Practice of Institutional Research. Proceedings of a Joint Conference of the Southern Association for Institutional Research and the North Carolina Association for Institutional Research (Charlotte, North Carolina, October 29-30, 1981).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proceedings of a 1981 joint conference sponsored by the Southern Association for Institutional Research (SAIR) and the North Carolina Association for Institutional Research are presented. The conference theme was the practice of institutional research. Contents include preconference workshop reports, speeches, abstracts of papers, and reports of…

Martin, Mary P., Ed.; Staman, E. Michael, Ed.

193

Breaking the Biological barriers to Cellulosic Ethanol: A Joint Research Agenda  

SciTech Connect

A robust fusion of the agricultural, industrial biotechnology, and energy industries can create a new strategic national capability for energy independence and climate protection. In his State of the Union Address (Bush 2006), President George W. Bush outlined the Advanced Energy Initiative, which seeks to reduce our national dependence on imported oil by accelerating the development of domestic, renewable alternatives to gasoline and diesel fuels. The president has set a national goal of developing cleaner, cheaper, and more reliable alternative energy sources to substantially replace oil imports in the coming years. Fuels derived from cellulosic biomass - the fibrous, woody, and generally inedible portions of plant matter - offer one such alternative to conventional energy sources that can dramatically impact national economic growth, national energy security, and environmental goals. Cellulosic biomass is an attractive energy feedstock because it is an abundant, domestic, renewable source that can be converted to liquid transportation fuels. These fuels can be used readily by current-generation vehicles and distributed through the existing transportation-fuel infrastructure. The Biomass to Biofuels Workshop, held December 7-9, 2005, was convened by the Department of Energy's Office of Biological and Environmental Research in the Office of Science; and the Office of the Biomass Program in the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. The purpose was to define barriers and challenges to a rapid expansion of cellulosic-ethanol production and determine ways to speed solutions through concerted application of modern biology tools as part of a joint research agenda. Although the focus was ethanol, the science applies to additional fuels that include biodiesel and other bioproducts or coproducts having critical roles in any deployment scheme. The core barrier is cellulosic-biomass recalcitrance to processing to ethanol. Biomass is composed of nature's most ready energy source, sugars, but they are locked in a complex polymer composite exquisitely created to resist biological and chemical degradation. Key to energizing a new biofuel industry based on conversion of cellulose (and hemicelluloses) to ethanol is to understand plant cell-wall chemical and physical structures - how they are synthesized and can be deconstructed. With this knowledge, innovative energy crops - plants specifically designed for industrial processing to biofuel - can be developed concurrently with new biology-based treatment and conversion methods. Recent advances in science and technological capabilities, especially those from the nascent discipline of systems biology, promise to accelerate and enhance this development. Resulting technologies will create a fundamentally new process and biorefinery paradigm that will enable an efficient and economic industry for converting plant biomass to liquid fuels. These key barriers and suggested research strategies to address them are described in this report. As technologies mature for accomplishing this task, the technical strategy proceeds through three phases: In the research phase, within 5 years, an understanding of existing feedstocks must be gained to devise sustainable, effective, and economical methods for their harvest, deconstruction, and conversion to ethanol. Research is centered on enzymatic breakdown of cellulosic biomass to component 5- and 6-carbon sugars and lignin, using a combination of thermochemical and biological processes, followed by cofermentation of sugars to specified endproducts such as ethanol. Processes will be integrated and consolidated to reduce costs, improve efficacy, reduce generation of and sensitivity to inhibitors, and improve overall yields and viability in biorefinery environments. The technology deployment phase, within 10 years, will include creation of a new generation of energy crops with enhanced sustainability, yield, and composition, coupled with processes for simultaneous breakdown of biomass to sugars and cofermentation of sugars via new biological system

Mansfield, Betty Kay [ORNL; Alton, Anita Jean [ORNL; Andrews, Shirley H [ORNL; Bownas, Jennifer Lynn [ORNL; Casey, Denise [ORNL; Martin, Sheryl A [ORNL; Mills, Marissa [ORNL; Nylander, Kim [ORNL; Wyrick, Judy M [ORNL

2006-01-01

194

Winnipeg Centre Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Winnipeg Centre Project is a field-based, work-study program that attempts to create more appropriate education for the inner-city child. Sponsored by the Planning and Research Branch of the Department of Colleges and Universities Affairs and administered by Brandon University in consultation with the Winnipeg School Division, the project is…

Manitoba Dept. of Education, Winnipeg.

195

A Joint Research Project to improve the accuracy in dosimetry of brachytherapy treatments in the framework of the European Metrology Research Programme  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper outlines the joint research project “Increasing cancer treatment efficacy using 3D brachytherapy” co-funded in\\u000a the FP7, according to the iMERA-Plus Grant Agreement No. 217257 between the EC and EURAMET e. V. (European Association of\\u000a National Metrology Institutes). The project brings together the capabilities of ten major European National Metrology Institutes\\u000a in the ionizing radiation field and it is

M. P. Toni; I. Aubineau-Lanièce; M. Bovi; J. Cardoso; D. Cutarella; F. Gabris; J. E. Grindborg; A. S. Guerra; H. Jarvinen; C. Oliveira; M. Pimpinella; J. Plagnard; T. Sander; H. J. Selbach; V. Sochor; J. Solc; J. Pooter; E. Dijk

196

"We Are like Dictionaries, Miss, You Can Look Things up in Us": Evaluating Child-Centred Research Methods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research concerning children is often presented with only a brief comment on the research methods adopted. This paper takes a "behind the scenes" view and I discuss my adoption of a non-hierarchical "least adult role" adapted from Mandell's work in 1991 to undertake qualitative research in the sensitive area of children's multicultural awareness…

Elton-Chalcraft, Sally

2011-01-01

197

[Research on surface modification and bio-tribological properties of artificial joint].  

PubMed

The bio-tribological properties of an artificial joint can be obviously improved by surface modification technologies. In this paper, the benefits and disadvantages of various surface modification methods-such as surface coating, plasma treatment, surface texture and surface grafting modification-are discussed. The aim of surface coating and/or plasma treatment is to improve the surface hardness of the materials, thus enhancing the wear resistance of artificial joints. However, these technologies do not effectively alleviate stress concentration of material in the short times in which artificial joints bear physiological impact load, resulting in easy fracture. Surface texture serves mainly to improve the lubrication properties through micro-concavities on the material surface for storage lubricant. Surface texturing can realize improvements in bio-tribological properties, but it does not enhance the impact resistance of the joint. Surface grafting modification is implemented mainly by grafting hydrophilic or other specific functional groups to improve the surface hydrophilicity and wetability, thus enhancing lubricating performance and reducing the coefficient of friction. PMID:22772408

Pan, Yusong; Wang, Jing; Ding, Guoxin

2012-06-01

198

Learning Problems of Junior Level Children: A Nordic Joint Research Project (No. 2108).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four cities in Norway, Sweden, and Denmark have been engaged since 1977 in a joint study of the junior level of elementary school. (More than 5,000 pupils are involved in the study.) The Department of Education at the University of Turku joined the project in the autumn term of 1979. The purpose of the Swedish project, reported here, was to…

Jansson, Karin, Ed.

1981-01-01

199

Using Action Research in Joint Self-Study To Locate Two Researchers' Experiences with the Autobiographies of Their Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the role of self-study and collaboration in action research, focusing on one researcher's doctoral research on the process of studying for a Ph.D. degree in education. The goal of this research is to build case-studies of 19 individuals in England conducting doctoral research. The paper discusses possible techniques for…

Parker, Zoe

200

British Atmospheric Data Centre (BADC)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The British Atmospheric Data Centre (BADC) is designed to "assist UK atmospheric researchers to locate, access and interpret atmospheric data." With this aim in mind, the BADC provides one of the only permanent archives for data sets from Natural Environment Research Council (NERC)-funded projects. Also, the Centre serves as a single repository for third party data sets of value to the atmospheric research community. Among the 46 data sets included in the searchable archive, data pertaining to ozone experiments; stratosphere, mesosphere, and troposphere measurements; sea temperatures; and forecasting are all available here. The Centre is an outstanding single source for atmospheric data.

201

Developing a WWW Resource Centre for Acquiring and Accessing Open Learning Materials on Research Methods (ReMOTE).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on ReMOTE (Research Methods Online Teaching Environment), a Robert Gordon University (Scotland) project focusing on the development of a World Wide Web (WWW) site devoted to the teaching of research methods. The aim of ReMOTE is to provide an infrastructure that allows direct links to specialist sources in order to enable the…

Newton, Robert; Marcella, Rita; Middleton, Iain; McConnell, Michael

202

The Centre for Research into Higher Education at the University of Amsterdam (Centrum voor Onderzoek van het Wetenschappelijk Onderwijs, COWO).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents the aims of the University of Amsterdam's Center for Research into Higher Education and describes two projects: (1) PLATO Pilot Project Amsterdam, a university-wide program in computer-assisted instruction; and (2) "Exercise in Chemical Problem-Solving," computer simulations designed to aid students in developing problem-solving research

Camstra, Bert

1981-01-01

203

Jointness A Selected Bibliography.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

To assist researchers in a better understanding of how the United States armed services work together, the U.S. Army War College Library presents Jointness: A Selected Bibliography. A revised and updated version of our earlier bibliographies on jointness,...

2000-01-01

204

Oil shale, tar sand, coal research advanced exploratory process technology, jointly sponsored research. Quarterly technical progress report, October--December 1992  

SciTech Connect

Accomplishments for the past quarter are presented for the following five tasks: oil shale; tar sand; coal; advanced exploratory process technology; and jointly sponsored research. Oil shale research covers oil shale process studies. Tar sand research is on process development of Recycle Oil Pyrolysis and Extraction (ROPE) Process. Coal research covers: coal combustion; integrated coal processing concepts; and solid waste management. Advanced exploratory process technology includes: advanced process concepts;advanced mitigation concepts; and oil and gas technology. Jointly sponsored research includes: organic and inorganic hazardous waste stabilization; CROW field demonstration with Bell Lumber and Pole; development and validation of a standard test method for sequential batch extraction fluid; PGI demonstration project; operation and evaluation of the CO{sub 2} HUFF-N-PUFF Process; fly ash binder for unsurfaced road aggregates; solid state NMR analysis of Mesaverde Group, Greater Green River Basin, tight gas sands; flow-loop testing of double-wall pipe for thermal applications; characterization of petroleum residue; shallow oil production using horizontal wells with enhanced oil recovery techniques; surface process study for oil recovery using a thermal extraction process; NMR analysis of samples from the ocean drilling program; in situ treatment of manufactured gas plant contaminated soils demonstration program; and solid state NMR analysis of naturally and artificially matured kerogens.

Speight, J.G.

1992-12-31

205

Oil shale, tar sand, coal research, advanced exploratory process technology, jointly sponsored research. Quarterly technical progress report, January--March 1993  

SciTech Connect

Accomplishments for the past quarter are briefly described for the following areas of research: oil shale; tar sand; coal; advanced exploratory process technology; and jointly sponsored research. Oil shale and tar sand researches cover processing studies. Coal research includes: coal combustion; integrated coal processing concepts; and solid waste management. Advanced exploratory process technology covers: advanced process concepts; advanced mitigation concepts; and oil and gas technology. Jointly sponsored research includes: organic and inorganic hazardous waste stabilization; CROW{sup TM} field demonstration with Bell Lumber and Pole; development and validation of a standard test method for sequential batch extraction fluid; operation and evaluation of the CO{sub 2} HUFF-N-PUFF Process; fly ash binder for unsurfaced road aggregates; solid-state NMR analysis of Mesaverde Group, Greater Green River Basin tight gas sands; characterization of petroleum residue; shallow oil production using horizontal wells with enhanced oil recovery techniques; surface process study for oil recovery using a thermal extraction process; oil field waste cleanup using tank bottom recovery process; remote chemical sensor development; in situ treatment of manufactured gas plant contaminated soils demonstration program; solid-state NMR analysis of naturally and artificially matured kerogens; and development of an effective method for the clean-up of natural gas.

Not Available

1993-09-01

206

77 FR 41164 - Joint Subcommittee on Aquaculture Research and Development Strategic Plan  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...draft National Aquaculture Research and Development Strategic Plan...agencies to develop programs for research and development that affect...www.ars.usda.gov/research/programs/programs.htm...NOAA-NMFS-2012-0136 in the keyword search. Locate the...

2012-07-12

207

Augmenting a Ballet Dance Show Using the Dancer's Emotion: Conducting Joint Research in Dance and Computer Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We describe the joint research that we conduct in gesture-based emotion recognition and virtual augmentation of a stage, bridging together the fields of computer science and dance. After establishing a common ground for dialogue, we could conduct a research process that equally benefits both fields. As computer scientists, dance is a perfect application case. Dancer's artistic creativity orient our research choices. As dancers, computer science provides new tools for creativity, and more importantly a new point of view that forces us to reconsider dance from its fundamentals. In this paper we hence describe our scientific work and its implications on dance. We provide an overview of our system to augment a ballet stage, taking a dancer's emotion into account. To illustrate our work in both fields, we describe three events that mixed dance, emotion recognition and augmented reality.

Clay, Alexis; Delord, Elric; Couture, Nadine; Domenger, Gaël

208

Centre for Sustainable Energy Systems  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site from the Australian National University Centre for Sustainable Energy Systems provides information about photovoltaics and solar thermal energy technology. Links are provided to energy information and research sites.

Centre for Sustainable Energy Systems (CSES); University, Australian N.

209

Churchill Northern Studies Centre (CNSC)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located at the gateway of arctic North America, Churchill (Manitoba) is best known for its polar bear viewing opportunities, and for its rich summer bird life. It is also home to the Churchill Northern Studies Centre (CNSC), a nonprofit organization dedicated to facilitating arctic research and education. The CNSC homepage provides an overview of the Centre, with an emphasis on current research and education projects. Scientists, educators, or students interested in working in Churchill will find this Website instructive.

210

Latest research on fundamental studies of CO 2 capture process technologies at the international test centre for CO 2 capture  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ultimate goal of this R & D program is to develop better and more effective CO2 separation processes that can be used to recover CO2 from industrial sources such as fossil fuel-fired power stations, coal gasification plants, petroleum refinery facilities and hydrogen production units at the lowest possible capital and operating costs. This paper presents the latest research results

Raphael Idem; Paitoon Tontiwachwuthikul; Don Gelowitz; Malcolm Wilson

2011-01-01

211

Institute for the Study of Sparsely Populated Areas. A Centre for Interdisciplinary Research into Sparsely Populated and Peripheral Regions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Institute for the Study of Sparsely Populated Areas is a multidisciplinary research unit which acts to coordinate, further, and initiate studies of the economic and social conditions of sparsely populated areas. Short summaries of the eight studies completed in the session of 1977-78 indicate work in such areas as the study of political life…

Sadler, Peter G.

212

A Joint Evaluation of the Impact of the Work of the JVS Research Utilization Laboratory.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Research Utilization Laboratory (RUL) of the Chicago Jewish Vocational Services was established in 1968 to promote the implementation of innovative practices and research findings in vocational rehabilitation programs. After five years of operation th...

A. Soloff L. J. Goldston R. A. Pollack

1973-01-01

213

In an interconnected world: joint research priorities for the environment, agriculture and infectious disease  

PubMed Central

In 2008 the UNICEF/UNDP/World Bank/WHO Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (TDR) commissioned ten think-tanks to work on disease-specific and thematic reference groups to identify top research priorities that would advance the research agenda on infectious diseases of poverty, thus contributing to improvements in human health. The first of the thematic reference group reports – on environment, agriculture and infectious diseases of poverty – was recently released. In this article we review, from an insider perspective, the strengths and weaknesses of this thematic reference group report and highlight key messages for policy-makers, funders and researchers.

2014-01-01

214

In an interconnected world: joint research priorities for the environment, agriculture and infectious disease.  

PubMed

In 2008 the UNICEF/UNDP/World Bank/WHO Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (TDR) commissioned ten think-tanks to work on disease-specific and thematic reference groups to identify top research priorities that would advance the research agenda on infectious diseases of poverty, thus contributing to improvements in human health. The first of the thematic reference group reports - on environment, agriculture and infectious diseases of poverty - was recently released. In this article we review, from an insider perspective, the strengths and weaknesses of this thematic reference group report and highlight key messages for policy-makers, funders and researchers. PMID:24472225

Brijnath, Bianca; Butler, Colin D; McMichael, Anthony J

2014-01-01

215

On selecting a clinical trial management system for large scale, multi-centre, multi-modal clinical research study.  

PubMed

Clinical research studies offer many challenges for their supporting information systems. AIBL assembled 1112 participants who volunteered crucial information for a comprehensive study on neurodegenerative diseases. This paper discusses the shortcomings of the clinical trial management system chosen to record the results of the study. A set of guidelines was devised and a critique of five systems ensued. OpenClinica was selected as the most appropriate option. The main contribution of this paper is: (i) proposing a set of guidelines to determine the appropriateness of Clinical Trial Management Systems (CTMS) solution; (ii) providing a brief critique of existing commercial and open-sourced CTMS; and (iii) alluding to some data migration issues and providing cues on how to address them. We conclude that open-source CTMS are viable alternatives to the more expensive commercial systems to conduct, record and manage clinical studies. PMID:21893916

Leroux, Hugo; McBride, Simon; Gibson, Simon

2011-01-01

216

Centre for Educational Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by the University of Cape Town in South Africa, the aim of the Centre for Educational Technology is to "realise the principles expressed in the University" technology policy. In order to meet that lofty goal, the Centre for Educational Technology (CET) is hard at work in the areas of curriculum development, learning technologies, staff development, and research. Visitors are introduced to the work of talented University of Cape Town students in the "UCT Stories" on the homepage of the website, and when clicking "Read more," can view "related files," such as a film clip, screen shot, or download. Visitors will find the "Projects" tab contains informative individual downloadable reports on information and communication technologies (ICT) of the eight African countries involved in the Partnership for Higher Education in Africa (PHEA). Some of the countries involved in the partnership include Ghana, Kenya, and Egypt, and visitors can find statistics on infrastructure, higher education enrollment, internet access, and usage in the reports.

2012-01-13

217

From Joint Experimentation to Laissez-Faire: Transdisciplinary Innovation Research for the Institutional Strengthening of a Water Users Association in Khorezm, Uzbekistan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This article assesses a participatory action and innovation research experience, in which project researchers, farmers and staff members of a local water users association (WUA) came together to: (a) jointly test and adapt a social mobilization and institutional strengthening approach according to the local context, and by doing so, to…

Djanibekov, Nodir; Hornidge, Anna-Katharina; Ul-Hassan, Mehmood

2012-01-01

218

RTEMS Centre - Support and Maintenance Centre to RTEMS Operating System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

RTEMS CENTRE - Support and Maintenance Centre to RTEMS Operating System is a joint ESA/Portuguese Task Force initiative to develop a support and maintenance centre to the Real-Time Executive for Multiprocessor Systems (RTEMS). This paper gives a high level visibility of the progress, the results obtained and the future work in the RTEMS CENTRE [6] and in the RTEMS Improvement [7] projects. RTEMS CENTRE started officially in November 2006, with the RTEMS 4.6.99.2 version. A full analysis of RTEMS operating system was produced. The architecture was analysed in terms of conceptual, organizational and operational concepts. The original objectives [1] of the centre were primarily to create and maintain technical expertise and competences in this RTOS, to develop a website to provide the European Space Community an entry point for obtaining support (http://rtemscentre.edisoft.pt), to design, develop, maintain and integrate some RTEMS support tools (Timeline Tool, Configuration and Management Tools), to maintain flight libraries and Board Support Packages, to develop a strong relationship with the World RTEMS Community and finally to produce some considerations in ARINC-653, DO-178B and ECSS E-40 standards. RTEMS Improvement is the continuation of the RTEMS CENTRE. Currently the RTEMS, version 4.8.0, is being facilitated for a future qualification. In this work, the validation material is being produced following the Galileo Software Standards Development Assurance Level B [5]. RTEMS is being completely tested, errors analysed, dead and deactivated code removed and tests produced to achieve 100% statement and decision coverage of source code [2]. The SW to exploit the LEON Memory Management Unit (MMU) hardware will be also added. A brief description of the expected implementations will be given.

Silva, H.; Constantino, A.; Freitas, D.; Coutinho, M.; Faustino, S.; Mota, M.; Colaço, P.; Sousa, J.; Dias, L.; Damjanovic, B.; Zulianello, M.; Rufino, J.

2009-05-01

219

POTENTIAL FOR JOINT RESEARCH BETWEEN EPA AND THE U.S. ARMY  

EPA Science Inventory

The environmental problems being faced by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the US Army are closely related, and the research needed to address them overlaps in many areas. his is especially true in the area of hazardous waste site remediation research aimed at the...

220

Research investigations in oil shale, tar sand, coal research, advanced exploratory process technology, and advanced fuels research: Volume 2 -- Jointly sponsored research program. Final report, October 1986--September 1993  

SciTech Connect

Numerous studies have been conducted in five principal areas: oil shale, tar sand, underground coal gasification, advanced process technology, and advanced fuels research. In subsequent years, underground coal gasification was broadened to be coal research, under which several research activities were conducted that related to coal processing. The most significant change occurred in 1989 when the agreement was redefined as a Base Program and a Jointly Sponsored Research Program (JSRP). Investigations were conducted under the Base Program to determine the physical and chemical properties of materials suitable for conversion to liquid and gaseous fuels, to test and evaluate processes and innovative concepts for such conversions, to monitor and determine environmental impacts related to development of commercial-sized operations, and to evaluate methods for mitigation of potential environmental impacts. This report is divided into two volumes: Volume 1 consists of 28 summaries that describe the principal research efforts conducted under the Base Program in five topic areas. Volume 2 describes tasks performed within the JSRP. Research conducted under this agreement has resulted in technology transfer of a variety of energy-related research information. A listing of related publications and presentations is given at the end of each research topic summary. More specific and detailed information is provided in the topical reports referenced in the related publications listings.

Smith, V.E.

1994-09-01

221

Joint Assessment of Renewable Energy and Water Desalination Research Center (REWDC) Program Capabilities and Facilities In Radioactive Waste Management  

SciTech Connect

The primary goal of this visit was to perform a joint assessment of the Renewable Energy and Water Desalination Center's (REWDC) program in radioactive waste management. The visit represented the fourth technical and scientific interaction with Libya under the DOE/NNSA Sister Laboratory Arrangement. Specific topics addressed during the visit focused on Action Sheet P-05-5, ''Radioactive Waste Management''. The Team, comprised of Mo Bissani (Team Lead), Robert Fischer, Scott Kidd, and Jim Merrigan, consulted with REWDC management and staff. The team collected information, discussed particulars of the technical collaboration and toured the Tajura facility. The tour included the waste treatment facility, waste storage/disposal facility, research reactor facility, hot cells and analytical labs. The assessment team conducted the first phase of Task A for Action Sheet 5, which involved a joint assessment of the Radioactive Waste Management Program. The assessment included review of the facilities dedicated to the management of radioactive waste at the Tourja site, the waste management practices, proposed projects for the facility and potential impacts on waste generation and management.

Bissani, M; Fischer, R; Kidd, S; Merrigan, J

2006-04-03

222

Cell-based approaches to joint surface repair: a research perspective  

PubMed Central

Summary Repair of lesions of the articular cartilage lining the joints remains a major clinical challenge. Surgical interventions include osteochondral autograft transfer and microfracture. They can provide some relief of symptoms to patients, but generally fail to durably repair the cartilage. Autologous chondrocyte implantation has thus far shown the most promise for the durable repair of cartilage, with long-term follow-up studies indicating improved structural and functional outcomes. However, disadvantages of this technique include the need for additional surgery, availability of sufficient chondrocytes for implantation, and maintenance of their phenotype during culture-expansion. Mesenchymal stem cells offer an attractive alternative cell-source for cartilage repair, due to their ease of isolation and amenability to ex vivo expansion while retaining stem cell properties. Preclinical and clinical studies have demonstrated the potential of mesenchymal stem cells to promote articular cartilage repair, but have also highlighted several key challenges. Most notably, the quality and durability of the repair tissue, its resistance to endochondral ossification, and its effective integration with the surrounding host tissue. In addition, challenges exist related to the heterogeneity of mesenchymal stem cell preparations and their quality-control, as well as optimising the delivery method. Finally, as our knowledge of the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying articular cartilage repair increases, promising studies are emerging employing bioactive scaffolds or therapeutics that elicit an effective tissue repair response through activation and mobilisation of endogenous stem and progenitor cells.

Roelofs, A.J.; Rocke, J.P.J.; De Bari, C.

2013-01-01

223

Beyond Framework: Our Continuing Joint EFforts in Cancer Research Activities Report 2005.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

With more than five years of collaborative experience to build upon, the Ireland-Northern Ireland-National Cancer Institute Cancer Consortium continues to facilitate valuable research and training opportunities for cancer professionals on the island of Ir...

2005-01-01

224

GEDEON: A joint venture between research (CEA and CNRS) and industry (EDF and FRAMATOME)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nuclear waste partitionning and transmutation (P & T) are considered in France as an official line of research, in accordance with the Law of December 30, 1991 concerning research in the field of long lived and highly active nuclear waste. A research group called GEDEON ( GEstion des DEchets par des Options Nouvelles) has been set up between CEA, CNRS, EDF and FRAMATOME with the aim to carry out basic research related to the use of accelerator driven subcritical systems (ADS) and of thorium as an option to reduce the waste long term impacts. In the partners agreement of GEDEON, the following subjects have been identified: spallation physics, nuclear data, subcritical neutronic studies, materials, thorium, system and scenario studies. The organization as well as the scientific program and activities of GEDEON are presented.

Schapira, J. P.

1999-07-01

225

NACUBO Report: Caspa Harris Calls for Joint Higher Education Research Agenda.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In addressing the Governmental Accounting Standards Advisory Board, the National Association of College and University Business Officers' president urged the accounting standards boards to work together to establish a multiyear accounting research agenda for higher education. (Author/MSE)

Harris, Caspa L., Jr.

1990-01-01

226

The Contribution of OLG Data and Analysis Centre to EPOS  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

OLG (Observatory Lustbuehel Graz) as a joint venture of the Austrian Academy of Sciences and the Federal Office of Metrology and Surveying works as a GNSS data centre and analyses GNSS data for reference maintenance, geokinematics and ionosphere research. Due to the change from epoch to permanent sites regions in Africa, Asia and Europe are investigated since 1995. Presently, observations from about 300 GNSS stations are used for analysis. Most of the stations are public and are retrieved from different global, regional and local data centres. In addition some institutions provide their private data to the OLG. After presenting the main regions Austria, Central Europe, the Eastern Mediterranean and the Western Indian Ocean the question will be how these data and products could be included into EPOS.

Stangl, Günter; Krauss, Sandro

2013-04-01

227

Research on the theory and methodology of integrating GIS and MAS and its application in simulating of pedestrians flows in a crowd's activity centre of Shanghai metropolitan  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Based on the development trend of research on urban morphology and its evolution from macro scale to micro scale, a new tight-coupling integrating method of GIS and MAS has been discussed briefly in this paper. After analyzing the characteristics and mechanism of pedestrian's flows in a crowds' activity center in a metropolitan, a prototype and mathematical expression of pedestrian's flows simulation have been put forward in the paper. A few key expressions and techniques for treating the specific behaviors of pedestrians flows, especially how the individuals of the flows make a decision to follow a original designed direction, how to make a decision whether stop or change his movement and select a new direction when the individuals meet a obstacle have been explored and discussed in detail. Using some tools provided by general GIS systems (such as ArcGIS 9) and a few specific programming languages, a new software system integrating GIS and MAS applicable for simulating pedestrians flows in a crowd activity centre has been developed successfully. Under the environment supported by the software system, as an applicable case, a dynamic evolution process of the pedestrian's flows (dispersed process for the spectators) in a crowds' activity center - The Shanghai Stadium has been simulated successfully. The successful simulating of a case of emergence when one or more exits emerge accidents will be very useful for managing and treating crowds' safety in a lot of assembling centers. At the end of the paper, some new research problems have been pointed out for the future.

Liu, Miaolong; Chen, Peng

2006-10-01

228

Report on follow-up for joint research of valuable resources recovery techniques from brackish water.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes follow-up for research and development on the recovery of valuable resources, such as magnesium, bromine and boron, contained in the brackish water for manufacture of common salt in the coastal region of Mexico. For the field survey,...

1996-01-01

229

Dropouts, Stopouts, Optouts at Del Mar College: Spring 1991. Report of a Joint Research Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A research project investigated 2,313 persons who attended Del Mar College (Texas) during fall 1990 but did not enroll for spring 1991. Four sets of data were collected: (1) limited demographic information on the total student body; (2) demographic information drawn from school records to describe all nonreturnees; (3) demographic information…

Luckie, Jo Ann I.; Bonham, L. Adrianne

230

Digital Curation Centre  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Digital Curation Centre (DCC) states as its motto: "because good research needs good data." Based in the United Kingdom, the DCC provides expert advice and helps those in the UK higher education and research communities store, manage, protect, and share digital research data. As such, the site is a great resource for information specialists, particularly librarians and academics. Visitors should make sure to check out the Digital Curation area which provides a bit of background on the field, along with information for newcomers to the field. The homepage also contains a neat feature entitled Editor's Choice, which brings together reports on digital preservation, information on new books, and much more. Also, visitors can sign up for the DCC's newsletter and take a look at its tag cloud. The Resources area should also not be missed as it features how-to guides, data management plans, case studies, and white papers.

231

Oil shale, tar sand, coal research, advanced exploratory process technology, jointly sponsored research. Quarterly technical progress report, April--June 1993  

SciTech Connect

Progress made in five areas of research is described briefly. The subtask in oil shale research is on oil shale process studies. For tar sand the subtask reported is on process development. Coal research includes the following subtasks: Coal combustion; integrated coal processing concepts; and solid waste management. Advanced exploratory process technology includes the following: Advanced process concepts; advanced mitigation concepts; oil and gas technology. Jointly sponsored research includes: Organic and inorganic hazardous waste stabilization; CROW{sup TM} field demonstration with Bell Lumber and Pole; development and validation of a standard test method for sequential batch extraction fluid; operation and evaluation of the CO{sup 2} HUFF-N-PUFF Process; fly ash binder for unsurfaced road aggregates; solid-state NMR analysis of Mesaverde Group, Greater Green River Basin, tight gas sands; characterization of petroleum residua; shallow oil production using horizontal wells with enhanced oil recovery techniques; surface process study for oil recovery using a thermal extraction process;NMR analysis of samples from the ocean drilling program; oil field waste cleanup using tank bottom recovery process; remote chemical sensor development; in situ treatment of manufactured gas plant contaminated soils demonstration program; solid-state NMR analysis of Mowry formation shale from different sedimentary basins; solid-state NMR analysis of naturally and artificially matured kerogens; and development of effective method for the clean-up of natural gas.

Not Available

1993-09-01

232

Computer Codes for Problems of Isotope and Radiation Research. Collection of Computer Codes Developed by the Information and Computing Centre, Central Institute of Isotope and Radiation Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A survey is given of computer codes for problems in isotope and radiation research. Altogether 44 codes are described as titles with abstracts. 17 of them are in the INIS scope and are processed individually. The subjects are indicated in the chapter head...

M. Remer

1986-01-01

233

PMD2HD - A web tool aligning a PubMed search results page with the local German Cancer Research Centre library collection  

PubMed Central

Background Web-based searching is the accepted contemporary mode of retrieving relevant literature, and retrieving as many full text articles as possible is a typical prerequisite for research success. In most cases only a proportion of references will be directly accessible as digital reprints through displayed links. A large number of references, however, have to be verified in library catalogues and, depending on their availability, are accessible as print holdings or by interlibrary loan request. Methods The problem of verifying local print holdings from an initial retrieval set of citations can be solved using Z39.50, an ANSI protocol for interactively querying library information systems. Numerous systems include Z39.50 interfaces and therefore can process Z39.50 interactive requests. However, the programmed query interaction command structure is non-intuitive and inaccessible to the average biomedical researcher. For the typical user, it is necessary to implement the protocol within a tool that hides and handles Z39.50 syntax, presenting a comfortable user interface. Results PMD2HD is a web tool implementing Z39.50 to provide an appropriately functional and usable interface to integrate into the typical workflow that follows an initial PubMed literature search, providing users with an immediate asset to assist in the most tedious step in literature retrieval, checking for subscription holdings against a local online catalogue. Conclusion PMD2HD can facilitate literature access considerably with respect to the time and cost of manual comparisons of search results with local catalogue holdings. The example presented in this article is related to the library system and collections of the German Cancer Research Centre. However, the PMD2HD software architecture and use of common Z39.50 protocol commands allow for transfer to a broad range of scientific libraries using Z39.50-compatible library information systems.

Bohne-Lang, Andreas; Lang, Elke; Taube, Anke

2005-01-01

234

Patient-centred care: making cancer treatment centres accountable.  

PubMed

Patient-centred care is argued to be an essential component in the delivery of quality health and cancer care. This manuscript discusses the need to generate credible data which indicates the quality of patient-centred care provided by cancer treatment centres. Patient-centred care covers six domains including physical comfort; emotional support; respect for patients' preferences and values; integration and coordination; involvement of family and friends; and the provision of information, communication and education to enable patients to understand and make informed decisions about their care. First, we identify priority areas within each domain. Next, we propose three questions that should be asked of every patient across the six domains of patient-centred care. The first question explores whether patients were specifically asked by a healthcare provider at the cancer treatment centre about their concerns, values and preferences. Research indicates that it cannot be assumed that clinicians are aware of patient's needs or preferences in these six areas. Second, if the answer from the patient suggests that they would like assistance, then it would be expected that this would be offered. Thirdly, if the patient indicates that they would like such assistance and it is provided, then it might be expected that the patient would report that the provided assistance did relieve their suffering, or the assistance provided was consistent with their preferences, needs and values. Regular measurement and reporting of these aspects of patient-centred cancer care has the potential to identify deficits and inequities in care delivery, allow for comparisons across treatment centres and stimulate an improvement in the patient-centred care provided to cancer patients. PMID:24696084

Zucca, Alison; Sanson-Fisher, Rob; Waller, Amy; Carey, Mariko

2014-07-01

235

The DESY Grid Centre  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

DESY is one of the world-wide leading centers for research with particle accelerators, synchrotron light and astroparticles. DESY participates in LHC as a Tier-2 center, supports on-going analyzes of HERA data, is a leading partner for ILC, and runs the National Analysis Facility (NAF) for LHC and ILC in the framework of the Helmholtz Alliance, Physics at the Terascale. For the research with synchrotron light major new facilities are operated and built (FLASH, PETRA-III, and XFEL). DESY furthermore acts as Data-Tier1 centre for the Neutrino detector IceCube. Established within the EGI-project DESY operates a grid infrastructure which supports a number of virtual Organizations (VO), incl. ATLAS, CMS, and LHCb. Furthermore, DESY hosts some of HEP and non-HEP VOs, such as the HERA experiments and ILC as well as photon science communities. The support of the new astroparticle physics VOs IceCube and CTA is currently set up. As the global structure of the grid offers huge resources which are perfect for batch-like computing, DESY has set up the National Analysis Facility (NAF) which complements the grid to allow German HEP users for efficient data analysis. The grid infrastructure and the NAF use the same physics data which is distributed via the grid. We call the conjunction of grid and NAF the DESY Grid Centre. In the contribution to CHEP2012 we will in depth discuss the conceptional and operational aspects of our multi-VO and multi-community Grid Centre and present the system setup. We will in particular focus on the interplay of Grid and NAF and present experiences of the operations.

Haupt, A.; Gellrich, A.; Kemp, Y.; Leffhalm, K.; Ozerov, D.; Wegner, P.

2012-12-01

236

RTEMS CENTRE - RTEMS Improvement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During the last two years, EDISOFT's RTEMS CENTRE team [1], jointly with the European Space Agency and with the support of the worldwide RTEMS community [2], have been developing an activity to facilitate the qualification of the real-time operating system RTEMS (Real-Time Operating System for Multiprocessor Systems). This paper intends to give a high level visibility of the progress and the results obtained in the RTEMS Improvement [3] activity. The primary objective [4] of the project is to improve the RTEMS product, its documentation and to facilitate the qualification of RTEMS for future space missions, taking into consideration the specific operational requirements. The sections below provide a brief overview of the RTEMS operating system and the activities performed in the RTEMS Improvement project, which includes the selection of API managers to be qualified, the tailoring process, the requirements analysis, the reverse engineering and design of the RTEMS, the quality assurance process, the ISVV activities, the test campaign, the results obtained, the criticality analysis and the facilitation of qualification process.

Silva, H.; Constantino, A.; Freitas, D.; Coutinho, M.; Faustino, S.; Sousa, J.; Dias, L.; Zulianello, M.

2010-08-01

237

Doing challenging research studies in a patient-centred way: a qualitative study to inform a randomised controlled trial in the paediatric emergency care setting  

PubMed Central

Objective To inform the design of a randomised controlled trial (called EcLiPSE) to improve the treatment of children with convulsive status epilepticus (CSE). EcLiPSE requires the use of a controversial deferred consent process. Design Qualitative interview and focus group study. Setting 8 UK support groups for parents of children who have chronic or acute health conditions and experience of paediatric emergency care. Participants 17 parents, of whom 11 participated in telephone interviews (10 mothers, 1 father) and 6 in a focus group (5 mothers, 1 father). 6 parents (35%) were bereaved and 7 (41%) had children who had experienced seizures, including CSE. Results Most parents had not heard of deferred consent, yet they supported its use to enable the progress of emergency care research providing a child's safety was not compromised by the research. Parents were reassured by tailored explanation, which focused their attention on aspects of EcLiPSE that addressed their priorities and concerns. These aspects included the safety of the interventions under investigation and how both EcLiPSE interventions are used in routine clinical practice. Parents made recommendations about the appropriate timing of a recruitment discussion, the need to individualise approaches to recruiting bereaved parents and the use of clear written information. Conclusions Our study provided information to help ensure that a challenging trial was patient centred in its design. We will use our findings to help EcLiPSE practitioners to: discuss potentially threatening trial safety information with parents, use open-ended questions and prompts to identify their priorities and concerns and clarify related aspects of written trial information to assist understanding and decision-making.

Woolfall, Kerry; Young, Bridget; Frith, Lucy; Appleton, Richard; Iyer, Anand; Messahel, Shrouk; Hickey, Helen; Gamble, Carrol

2014-01-01

238

First Joint U.S.Canada Polar Expedition for Educators, Axel Heiberg Island, Nunavut, Canada: Planetary Analogue Research and Lessons Learned  

Microsoft Academic Search

From July 20 to August 2, 2008, joint activities sponsored by the Canadian Space Agency (CSA - Space Learning) and NASA (Spaceward Bound) were carried out at the McGill Arctic Research Station (MARS) in the Canadian High Arctic. Established in 1960, MARS consists of two sites located on western Axel Heiberg Island along the shore of Expedition Fiord (lower camp),

M. Williamson; W. H. Pollard; C. M. McKay; L. Coe; M. Steinberg; J. Clement

2008-01-01

239

PROCEEDINGS: JOINT SYMPOSIUM ON DRY SO2 AND SIMULTANEOUS SO2/NOX CONTROL TECHNOLOGIES (1ST). VOLUME 1. FUNDAMENTAL RESEARCH AND PROCESS DEVELOPMENT  

EPA Science Inventory

Forty six papers describing recent advances in dry sorbent injection technologies for SO2 control were presented at the 1st Joint Symposium on Dry SO2 and Simultaneous SO2/NOx Control Technologies. These papers covered the following topics: fundamental research; pilot-scale devel...

240

JOINT EPA-EPRI (ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY-ELECTRIC POWER RESEARCH INSTITUTE) COLD WEATHER PLUME STUDY (CWPS): OVERVIEW OF MEASUREMENTS AND DATA BASE  

EPA Science Inventory

The Cold Weather Plume Study (CWPS) was a field measurement program carried out in February 1981 under the joint sponsorship of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the Electric Power Research Institute. Its objective was to generate a data base suitable for quantitative ...

241

Application of 10B counter with moderator for neutron ambient dose equivalent measurement during radiation monitoring at joint institute for nuclear research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The results of an investigation into the possibility of applying a device based on a 10B neutron counter (CHM-14) with a polyethylene moderator as the dosimeter of neutron ambient dose equivalent H*(10) in radiation fields of nuclear physics installations at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR) are presented. It is shown that the device can be used as the

V. E. Aleynikov; L. G. Beskrovnaia; Yu. V. Mokrov

2009-01-01

242

Centre for Civil Society  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located at the London School of Economics and Political Science, the Centre for Civil Society (CCS) is a "leading international organization for research, analysis, debate and learning about civil society". Under the direction of Professor Jude Howell, the group performs a broad range of research on the general topic of civil society across the globe, and its Working Papers series is definitely worth a look. Some of the papers here include "Civil society as a metaphor for western liberalism" and "Public-private partnership in the United States: Historical patterns and current trends". Guests arriving on the site may also want to look at the section on current and recently completed projects, which include work on European social policy, social capital, and local civil society.

243

Centre for Atmospheric Chemistry  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by Dr. Stephen Wilson, this site illustrates the research using FTIR (Fourier Transform InfrarRed) technology by the Centre for Atmospheric Chemistry at the University of Wollongong. Chemists and students can learn how the group approaches issues of Greenhouse Gas Emissions by attempting to improve estimations of trace element exchange using high precision FTIR-based methods and micrometeorological techniques. Visitors can also discover how the Isotopes in the Atmosphere group is using high resolution FTIR spectroscopy -- which evades the limitations of mass spectrometry -- to distinguish diverse isotopic components of trace gases. With many more experiments discussed, researchers and students interested in the advances of FTIR spectroscopy will want to explore this site.

2007-06-13

244

Processing and analysing an ensemble of climate projections for the joint research project KLIWAS  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The research programme KLIWAS, funded by the German Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban affairs is focussed on climate change and its impacts on waterways and navigation for Germany in the 21th century. In order to derive sound statements about the range of possible future climate changes, KLIWAS use hydro-meteorological information derived from a wide variety of global and regional climate models. In the framework of KLIWAS emphasis is taken on the quantification of uncertainties in climate model output. Therefore, a 19-member ensemble of climate model runs was used. On the basis of the SRES-scenario A1B the probabilities of changes in air temperature, precipitation amount, global radiation and several climate indices were computed for near (2021 to 2050) and distant (2071-2100) scenario horizons. Furthermore, statistical downscaling techniques, including approved bias correction methods, were used to provide a spatial high-resolution sub-ensemble of eight climate model simulations for climate change impact investigations.

Imbery, F.; Plagemann, S.; Namyslo, J.

2013-06-01

245

Computer networks for financial activity management, control and statistics of databases of economic administration at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Modern information technologies urge natural sciences to further development. But it comes together with evaluation of infrastructures, to spotlight favorable conditions for the development of science and financial base in order to prove and protect legally new research. Any scientific development entails accounting and legal protection. In the report, we consider a new direction in software, organization and control of common databases on the example of the electronic document handling, which functions in some departments of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research.

Tyupikova, T. V.; Samoilov, V. N.

2003-04-01

246

Centre for Economic Performance  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Established by the Economic and Social Research Council in 1990, the Centre for Economic Performance CEP at the London School of Economics and Political Science is one of the most prominent and established economic research groups in Europe. By focusing on the major links between globalization, technology and institutions, the CEP studies the determinants of economic performance at the level of the company, the nation, and the global economy. Broadly, CEP's research programs are divided into five groups that include research into labor markets, technology and growth, and education and skills. From the prodigious site, visitors can read about CEP In the News, learn about the various staff members' research areas of expertise, and browse their related publications (including occasional papers, working papers, and the like) back to 1990. Overall, this site will merit more than one visit, as it will be of substantial interest to persons interested in the intersections between economics, education, and globalization, to name but a few of the topical areas covered under the remit of the CEP.

247

Joint Fires Training Guide for a Corps Joint Task Force.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A detailed analysis of responsibilities, inputs, processes, outputs, and interactions was conducted for the staff elements and cells involved in joint fires at the Corps Joint Task Force level. This research product documents that analysis. The purpose of...

J. F. Love

1998-01-01

248

Elevated Seismic Activity Beneath the Slumbering Morne aux Diables Volcano, Northern Dominica and the Monitoring Role of the Seismic Research Centre  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since June 2009, periods of elevated seismic activity have been experienced around the flanks of Morne Aux Diables Volcano in northern Dominica. This long-dormant volcano is a complex of 7 andesitic lava domes with a central depression where a cold soufrière is evident. Prior to this activity, seismicity was very quiet except for a short period in 2000 and an intense short-lived swarm in April 2003. The most recent earthquake activity has been regularly felt by residents in villages on all flanks of the complex. In Dec 09/Jan10, scientists from the Seismic Research Centre (SRC), based in Trinidad & Tobago, in collaboration with staff of the Office of Disaster Management (ODM) and Dominica Public Seismic Network (DPSN) improved the monitoring capacity around this volcano from 1 to 7 seismic stations. Earthquakes are determined to be volcano-tectonic in nature and located at shallow depths (<4 km) beneath the central depression. Additionally, in Jan/Feb 10 geothermal sampling was undertaken and 2 permanent GPS sites were deployed. Public information leaflets prepared by SRC scientists using a "Question & Answer" format have been distributed to concerned citizens whilst many public meetings were carried out by ODM staff. Field investigations indicate that the previous Late Pleistocene activity of Morne Aux Diables switched from Pelèan dome growth and gravitational collapse to more explosive pumice-falls and associated ignimbrites, both styles forming extensive pyroclastic fans around the central complex. The town of Portsmouth is located on one of these fans ~5 km southwest of the central depression. Sporadic, short bursts of seismic activity continue at the time of writing.

Watts, R. B.; Robertson, R. E.; Abraham, W.; Cole, P.; de Roche, T.; Edwards, S.; Higgins, M.; Johnson, M.; Joseph, E. P.; Latchman, J.; Lynch, L.; Nath, N.; Ramsingh, C.; Stewart, R. C.

2012-12-01

249

Canadian Centre for Architecture  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created in 1979 by Phyllis Lambert, the Canadian Centre for Architecture (CCA) is an international research center and museum founded on the conviction that "architecture is a public concern." This website is a delightful mix of commentary, digital projects, and information about events at the Centre. A good place to start is at the CCA Recommends area. Here visitors can learn about recent books, musings, and other things that have crossed over the CCA's transom as of late. Recent entries have included thoughts on new books about the Seagram Building in New York and a rather novel piece on the history of guidebooks to Montreal. The Collection area contains information about the CCA's physical holdings, along with finding aids to its digital collections. These collections number almost two dozen and they include materials that deal with Expo 67 in Montreal and the professional practice of Aldo Rossi. Users shouldn't miss the Calendar, as it may inspire a visit to Canada to see one or more upcoming lectures, exhibits, or special events. [KMG

250

RTEMS CENTRE- Support and Maintenance CENTRE to RTEMS Operating System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

RTEMS stands for Real-Time Operating System for Multiprocessor Systems. It is a full featured Real Time Operating System that supports a variety of open APIs and interface standards. It provides a high performance environment for embedded applications, including a fixed-priority preemptive/non-preemptive scheduler, a comprehensive set of multitasking operations and a large range of supported architectures. Support and maintenance CENTRE to RTEMS operating system (RTEMS CENTRE) is a joint initiative of ESA-Portugal Task force, aiming to build a strong technical competence in the space flight (on- board) software, to offer support, maintenance and improvements to RTEMS. This paper provides a high level description of the current and future activities of the RTEMS CENTRE. It presents a brief description of the RTEMS operating system, a description of the tools developed and distributed to the community [1] and the improvements to be made to the operating system, including facilitation for the qualification of RTEMS (4.8.0) [2] for the space missions.

Silva, H.; Constantino, A.; Coutunho, M.; Freitas, D.; Faustino, S.; Mota, M.; Colaço, P.; Zulianello, M.

2008-08-01

251

Planning an multi-institutional Information for Development Study Centre  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the processes followed in establishing an I4D Study Centre at the Meraka Institute (South Africa). The initiative started as a joint effort between the Meraka Institute (South Africa) and University of Eastern Finland (Finland). It is to be funded by the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland and the University of Eastern Finland. The Centre's main objective

Andres MORENO; Erkki SUTINEN; Teemu H. LAINE; Marlien HERSELMAN; John ISAAC; Adele BOTHA; Thato FOKO

2010-01-01

252

The Search for Centre  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper acknowledges the importance of a dancer's centre but likewise highlights the problematic nature of the communication of this concept from dance teacher to student. After a brief introduction of orthodox approaches in finding centre, this paper suggests a method of locating centre through the ancient somatic technique.

Nunes, April

2006-01-01

253

Science Learning Centres Roundup  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The national network of Science Learning Centres aims to raise the quality of science teaching from Key Stage 1 through post-16 (ages 5-19). Short courses are provided locally through the regional Science Learning Centres and longer, more intensive programmes are available at the National Science Learning Centre in York. There are a growing number…

Education in Science, 2010

2010-01-01

254

75 FR 14190 - Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993-Joint Venture To...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Joint Venture To Perform Project Entitled Robotic Rehabilitation of Aging Water Pipelines...Venture to Perform Project Entitled Robotic Rehabilitation of Aging Water Pipelines (``Robotic Rehabilitation of Aging Water...

2010-03-24

255

Design and internal validation of an obstetric early warning score: secondary analysis of the Intensive Care National Audit and Research Centre Case Mix Programme database.  

PubMed

We designed and internally validated an aggregate weighted early warning scoring system specific to the obstetric population that has the potential for use in the ward environment. Direct obstetric admissions from the Intensive Care National Audit and Research Centre's Case Mix Programme Database were randomly allocated to model development (n = 2240) or validation (n = 2200) sets. Physiological variables collected during the first 24 h of critical care admission were analysed. Logistic regression analysis for mortality in the model development set was initially used to create a statistically based early warning score. The statistical score was then modified to create a clinically acceptable early warning score. Important features of this clinical obstetric early warning score are that the variables are weighted according to their statistical importance, a surrogate for the FI O2 /Pa O2 relationship is included, conscious level is assessed using a simplified alert/not alert variable, and the score, trigger thresholds and response are consistent with the new non-obstetric National Early Warning Score system. The statistical and clinical early warning scores were internally validated using the validation set. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.995 (95% CI 0.992-0.998) for the statistical score and 0.957 (95% CI 0.923-0.991) for the clinical score. Pre-existing empirically designed early warning scores were also validated in the same way for comparison. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.955 (95% CI 0.922-0.988) for Swanton et al.'s Modified Early Obstetric Warning System, 0.937 (95% CI 0.884-0.991) for the obstetric early warning score suggested in the 2003-2005 Report on Confidential Enquiries into Maternal Deaths in the UK, and 0.973 (95% CI 0.957-0.989) for the non-obstetric National Early Warning Score. This highlights that the new clinical obstetric early warning score has an excellent ability to discriminate survivors from non-survivors in this critical care data set. Further work is needed to validate our new clinical early warning score externally in the obstetric ward environment. PMID:23488833

Carle, C; Alexander, P; Columb, M; Johal, J

2013-04-01

256

STS in Engineering: The Teaching and Research Activities of the Centre for Technology and Social Development at the University of Toronto.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the conceptual framework and three core courses of the certificate program in Preventive Engineering and Social Development at the Centre for Technology and Social Development at the University of Toronto. Preventive approaches examine how technology fits into, interacts with, and depends on human life, society, and the biosphere to…

Vanderburg, W. H.

1998-01-01

257

Application of 10 B counter with moderator for neutron ambient dose equivalent measurement during radiation monitoring at joint institute for nuclear research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The results of an investigation into the possibility of applying a device based on a 10B neutron counter (CHM-14) with a polyethylene moderator as the dosimeter of neutron ambient dose equivalent H*(10) in radiation fields of nuclear physics installations at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR) are presented.\\u000a It is shown that the device can be used as the

V. E. Aleynikov; L. G. Beskrovnaia; Yu. V. Mokrov

2009-01-01

258

Promotion in Call Centres: Opportunities and Determinants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the quality of jobs in call centres by focusing on the opportunities for promotion in this sector. More specifically, the research questions focus on discovering whether promotion is common practise in the call centre sector and on identifying the factors that affect this.…

Gorjup, Maria Tatiana; Valverde, Mireia; Ryan, Gerard

2008-01-01

259

Temporomandibular Joint, Open  

MedlinePLUS

... Dental Research Loan Repayment Programs NIH Loan Repayment Programs ... glide along the joint socket of the temporal bone. The condyles slide back to their original position when we close our mouths. To keep ...

260

Centre for Quantum Information and Foundations  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Centre for Quantum Information and Foundations (formerly the Centre for Quantum Computation), part of the University of Cambridge, and based within the Department for Applied Maths and Theoretical Physics, conducts theoretical research into all aspects of quantum information processing, and into the implications of the quantum theory of computation for physics itself. This site contains links to current research, journal articles, educational materials (including lecture notes, puzzles and quizzes), and extensive links to the greater quantum information and computing community.

2005-11-21

261

Summary Report of the Series of Joint NSF-EU Working Groups on Future Directions for Digital Libraries Research: October 12, 1998  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The European Union and the National Science Foundation have been collaborating on a joint international project to identify future research directions and funding priorities for digital libraries. Five working groups were established to explore specific research areas: Intellectual Property and Economics, Global Resource Discovery, Interoperability, Metadata, and Multilingual Information Access. At their most recent workshop in October 1998, the five working groups presented recommendations based on their studies, the results of which are outlined in this Summary Report (available in HTML, Word, and .pdf). The final reports from each of the five working groups are expected to be published in early 1999. The collaborative work on digital libraries by the National Science Foundation and the European Union is described briefly in the Summary of Research Agenda. Also included here are links to European digital library research and initiatives.

1998-01-01

262

Trainee resident participation in health research in a resource-constrained setting in south-eastern Nigeria: perspectives, issues and challenges. A cross-sectional survey of three residency training centres  

PubMed Central

Background The participation of trainers and trainees in health research is critical to advance medical science. Overcoming barriers and enhancing incentives are essential to sustain a research culture and extend the frontiers of medical education. In this study, we investigated the roles of individual and system factors influencing trainee resident participation in health research in Enugu, south-eastern Nigeria. Methods This cross-sectional survey of trainee residents was conducted across three residency training centres in Enugu, Nigeria, between February and March, 2010. The number and speciality distribution of trainee residents were determined from personnel records at each centre. A 19-item questionnaire was used to record demographic characteristics, research training/experience, and attitudes toward and perceived barriers to health research. Data were analysed to yield frequencies, percentages and proportions. Values of p?research was significantly associated with previous research training [odds ratio (OR): 2.90; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.35–6.25, p?=?0.003, ??=?22.57], previous research participation (OR: 2.21; 95% CI: 0.94–5.29, p?=?0.047, ??=?22.53) and research publication (OR: 2.63; 95% CI: 1.00–7.06, p?=?0.03, ??=?22.57). Attitude towards research was significantly influenced by perceived usefulness of research in patient care (OR: 7.10; 95% CI: 3.33–15.13, p?=?0.001), job promotion (OR: 8.97; 95% CI: 4.12–19.53, p?=?0.001) and better understanding of disease (OR: 21.37; 95% CI: 8.71–54.44, p?=?0.001). Time constraints (OR: 0.06; 95% CI?=?0.025–0.14, p?=?0.001), funding (OR: 0.028; 95% CI: 0.008–0.10, p?=?0.001) and mentorship (OR: 0.086; 95% CI: 0.36–0.21, p?=?0.001) were significant barriers to research participation. Conclusions System and individual factors are significant incentives to research participation, while system-derived factors are significant barriers. Pre-residency research, dedicated research time, adequate research funding and commensurate research mentorship rewards are instructive. Prospective longitudinal studies are warranted to confirm these findings.

2012-01-01

263

A research experiment on facilitation and formation of joint research and development programs between government, industry, and universities: Overview, preliminary findings, and observations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Presented is an overview of an experiment to explore the free-market approach to public-private collaboration through the development and implementation of a joint venture mechanism to enable formation of R&D projects between government, industry and academia. Some preliminary results related to time-to-commercialization and economic competitiveness are discussed.

Shariq, Syed Z.

1992-01-01

264

Centre for Science and Environment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) is a public-interest research and advocacy organization based in New Delhi, India. CSE promotes environmentally sound and equitable development strategies, with an emphasis on Indian environmental issues. The CSE web site includes pages on CSE initiatives: education and training programs, pollution monitoring, research and advocacy, and dissemination of information on a variety of issues, including air and water pollution, automobiles, diesel-powered vehicles and equipment, industry and mining, rainwater harvesting, conservation, and many others.

2005-01-16

265

From Ritual to RelationshipA person-centred approach to consent in qualitative research with older people who have a dementia  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is an increasingly relevant debate around consent, particularly around persons with a dementia, across research and practice. This article will begin by critically reviewing the traditional competency-based approach to informed consent in research with older people who have dementia. Currently, most researchers are not describing how persons with dementia are included in the consent process other than through an

Jan Dewing

2002-01-01

266

Quality of care and education provided by Greek day-care centres: an approach from researcher's and early childhood educators' perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study is aimed at examining the level of quality and care provided by Greek preschool programmes, from the researcher's and early childhood educators' perspectives and verify whether they evaluate with the same way. Research results indicate that according to the researcher's assessment both preschool and infant\\/toddler classrooms provide care and education of adequate quality, whereas according to early

Konstantina Rentzou

2012-01-01

267

Quality of care and education provided by Greek day-care centres: an approach from researcher's and early childhood educators' perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study is aimed at examining the level of quality and care provided by Greek preschool programmes, from the researcher's and early childhood educators' perspectives and verify whether they evaluate with the same way. Research results indicate that according to the researcher's assessment both preschool and infant\\/toddler classrooms provide care and education of adequate quality, whereas according to early

Konstantina Rentzou

2011-01-01

268

International Review of Business Research Papers Vol. 3 No. 3 August 2007 Pp.219-241 Performance Analysis and Staff Planning in a Telecommunications Contact Centre: A Queueing Theory Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

A contact centre is a centralized office of a company that mainly handles incoming telephone calls from customers via telephone. The contact centre basically functions as a primary contact point between customers and their service providers. Contact centres are highly technology driven. However, surprisingly, most of the costs incurred in a contact centre are due to human resources. Customer service

Susila Munisamy; Balambigai Balakrishnan

269

La Qualita Ambientale del Fosso Della Casaccia (Roma). Valutazione Dell'Impatto Ecologico Dello Scarico di Qcque Reflue Del Dentro Ricerche ENEA Casaccia (Environmental Quality of the Fosso Della Casaccia Stream (Rome, Italy). Evaluation of the Ecological Impact of Wastewaters from the ENEA Research Centre Casaccia).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study concerned the evaluation of ENEA Research Centre wastewaters effect on the nearby stream 'Fosso della Casaccia'. These pollutants consist of black waters and low radioactivity substances. The effects on streams ecosystem were evaluated using mac...

G. Izzo J. G. Morgana L. Manccini P. Formichetti

2008-01-01

270

US/French Joint Research Program regarding the behavior of polymer base materials subjected to beta radiation. Volume 1. Phase-1 normalization results  

SciTech Connect

As part of the ongoing multi-year joint NRC/CEA international cooperative test program to investigate the dose-damage equivalence of gamma and beta radiation on polymer base materials, dosimetry and ethylene-propylene rubber (EPR) specimens were exchanged, irradiated, and evaluated for property changes at research facilities in the US (Sandia National Laboratories) and France (Compagnie ORIS Industrie). The purpose of this Phase-1 test series was to normalize and cross-correlate the results obtained by one research center to the other, in terms of exposure (1.0 MeV accelerated electrons and /sup 60/Co gammas) and postirradiation testing (ultimate elongation and tensile strength, hardness, and density) techniques. The dosimetry and material specimen results indicate good agreement between the two countries regarding the exposure conditions and postirradiation evaluation techniques employed.

Wyant, F.J.; Buckalew, W.H.; Chenion, J.; Carlin, F.; Gaussens, G.; Le Tutour, P.; Le Meur, M.

1986-06-01

271

New Zealand Earthquake Forecast Testing Centre  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The New Zealand Earthquake Forecast Testing Centre is being established as one of several similar regional testing centres under the umbrella of the Collaboratory for the Study of Earthquake Predictability (CSEP). The Centre aims to encourage the development of testable models of time-varying earthquake occurrence in the New Zealand region, and to conduct verifiable prospective tests of their performance over a period of five or more years. The test region, data-collection region and requirements for testing are described herein. Models must specify in advance the expected number of earthquakes with epicentral depths h ? 40 km in bins of time, magnitude and location within the test region. Short-term models will be tested using 24-h time bins at magnitude M ? 4. Intermediate-term models and long-term models will be tested at M ? 5 using 3-month, 6-month and 5-year bins, respectively. The tests applied will be the same as at other CSEP testing centres: the so-called N test of the total number of earthquakes expected over the test period; the L test of the likelihood of the earthquake catalogue under the model; and the R test of the ratio of the likelihoods under alternative models. Four long-term, three intermediate-term and two short-term models have been installed to date in the testing centre, with tests of these models commencing on the New Zealand earthquake catalogue from the beginning of 2008. Submission of models is open to researchers worldwide. New models can be submitted at any time. The New Zealand testing centre makes extensive use of software produced by the CSEP testing centre in California. It is envisaged that, in time, the scope of the testing centre will be expanded to include new testing methods and differently-specified models, nonetheless that the New Zealand testing centre will develop in parallel with other regional testing centres through the CSEP international collaborative process.

Gerstenberger, Matthew C.; Rhoades, David A.

2010-08-01

272

Training the next generation of radiology researchers. Report on a joint meeting of the Royal College of Radiologists and the Wellcome Trust and an overview of College strategies in developing radiology research.  

PubMed

As the use of imaging continues to increase in medical research, the Royal College of Radiologists (RCR) Research Committee and the Wellcome Trust held a joint meeting in 2010 to explore the current issues critical to training the next generation of radiology researchers. It was stated that despite an increase in consultant radiologist numbers, the number of academic posts has declined. This has resulted in radiology lagging behind some of the other specialties in terms of research activity and output. Some of the obstacles arising from the meeting have since been addressed by the RCR. These and other possible solutions that emanated from the interactive sessions include establishing a research culture in radiology departments, establishing a network of research radiologist mentors, improving trainee opportunities, and improving consultant opportunities. The meeting demonstrated the demand and need for extended support for research activity from the RCR. The RCR Academic Committee is formulating recommendations based on these and other sources of evidence. However, it is acknowledged that this comes at a time when national financial resources for research support are severely limited. Research in radiology remains an important part of the future development of the specialty. Supporting the next generation of potential researchers is essential, and this meeting was a means to understand how this might best be achieved. PMID:22464135

Booth, T C; Mehrzad, H; Wardlaw, J M; Jackson, A; Gilbert, F J

2012-05-01

273

The birth of the RCMI Clinical Research Center is a joint venture of the University of Hawaii and Kapiolani Health.  

PubMed

Hawaii established a Clinical Research Center with collaboration from the University of Hawaii Pacific Biomedical Research Center, the John A. Burns School of Medicine and Kapiolani Health via a five year award from the Research Centers in Minority Institutions of the National Institutes of Health. Support offered includes consultative services for protocol design; epidemiological and biostatistical analysis; design of study forms; and data and specimen collection and analysis. PMID:9149491

Trockman, C; Pelke, S; Skidmore, H; Greenwood, F; Easa, D

1997-04-01

274

The UK Stem Cell Bank: Its role as a public research resource centre providing access to well-characterised seed stocks of human stem cell lines  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rapidly expanding field of stem cell research offers the potential to develop therapeutic agents to treat diseases such as Parkinson's, diabetes and heart disease. It is important that stem cell lines derived from quality-controlled and well-characterised cell banks should be made available to both the scientific and clinical communities to promote high-quality research and development. The requirement in the

Lyn Healy; Charles Hunt; Lesley Young; Glyn Stacey

2005-01-01

275

Chugoku no energy jijo to kankyo mondai. Energy to kankyo ni kansuru nicchu kyodo kenkyu chukan hokoku. (Energy situation and environmental problems in China. Interim report on the Japan-China joint research on energy and the environment).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Japan-China joint research on 'Energy and the Environment' has been continued by the Institute of Energy Economics and the Institute of Energy in China. This paper summarizes results of the research obtained from May 1990 to March 1991 as an interim r...

1991-01-01

276

ACTRIS Data Centre: An atmospheric data portal  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

ACTRIS (Aerosols, Clouds, and Trace gases Research InfraStructure Network) is a European Project aiming at integrating European ground-based stations equipped with advanced instrumentation for studying aerosols, clouds, and short-lived gas-phase species. The ACTRIS activities result in improved atmospheric measurements data made at more than 60 European sites, from numerous instruments and includes variables measured by ground based in situ and remote sensing technologies. Core variables are in situ aerosol optical, physical and chemical properties, short-lived trace gases (volatile organic carbon and nitrogen oxides), aerosol scattering and extinction profiles, and cloud properties. The ACTRIS data centre (ACTRIS DC) is giving free and open access to all data resulting from the activities of the infrastructure network, complemented with data from other relevant networks and data bases. The overall goal is to facilitate scientists and other user groups access to atmospheric observational data, and to provide mature products for analysis and interpretation of atmospheric composition change. The ACTRIS DC aims at substantially increasing the number of high-quality data by providing long-term observational data relevant to climate and air quality research produced with standardized or comparable procedures throughout the network. The backbone of the ACTRIS DC is the three core data bases: - EARLINET Data Base hosting aerosol lidar data from more than 30 European sites - EBAS hosting ground based atmospheric in situ data from more than 1000 sites globally - Cloudnet hosting remote sensing cloud data and products from 5 European sites Furthermore, a joint portal is developed combining information from various data sources to gain new information not presently available from standalone databases or networks. The data centre will provide tools and services to facilitate the use of measurements for broad user communities. Higher level and integrated products will be developed stage-by-stage during the project, and user requirements, interactions and feedbacks are essential. The first version of ACTRIS DC is a web portal that allows users to search for atmospheric composition data from a multitude of data archives through a single user interface. Examples of data bases and frameworks included are EMEP, the GAW- world data centres, EARLINET, NDACC, CARIBIC-GEOmon, HTAP, AMAP amongst others. Currently the portal provides an overview of more than 800 000 data sets from more than 20 data bases/frameworks globally. For some of the databases included in the portal, the interface furthermore allows you to download data directly through the portal. A map functionality is implemented facilitating the identification of data and making it possible to search for collocation of observations, variables and sites both in time and space. The data portal can serve as "one-stop-shop" of atmospheric high-quality data, and the portal will also offer a direct interface towards external users like the MACC II project and GMES in-situ. The data dissemination will take into account the principles outlined in SEIS, INSPIRE, WIS and GEOSS.

Myhre, C. Lund; Fahre Vik, A.; Logna, R.; Torseth, K.; Linné, H.; O'Connor, E.

2012-04-01

277

Proceedings of Joint Research Committee Workshop on the Collaborative Research Support Programs Held at Washington, DC. on June 9-10, 1980.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Collaborative Research Support Program (CRSP) concept was designed in response to the Title XII Amendment to the International Development and Food Assistance Act of 1975 calling for 'program support for long-term collaborative university research on ...

G. Beck J. Goddard

1980-01-01

278

Joint Problems  

MedlinePLUS

... ankles and toes. Other types of arthritis include gout or pseudogout. Sometimes, there is a mechanical problem ... for more information on osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and gout. How Common are Joint Problems? Osteoarthritis, which affects ...

279

Discovering a Discovery Centre  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There has recently been a growth in the popularity of "science centres" and this development provides an excellent opportunity to support the primary science curriculum. Their use is therefore well worth including within initial teacher education courses. Hence, undergraduate student teachers at Stranmillis University College Belfast may now…

McCullagh, John; Stewart, James; Greenwood, Julian

2007-01-01

280

Low cost engineering centres  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article investigates the growing trend by major European engineering contracting companies to utilise labour and resources from developing countries in an attempt to reduce costs on overseas projects. In particular, the use of engineering design offices in developing countries as ‘low cost engineering centres’ in an effort to gain competitive advantage.

David J Lawson

1996-01-01

281

Wycheproof Education Centre.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Wycheproof township in New South Wales (Australia) is the regional center for a grain farming community. The Wycheproof Education Centre was formed by the merger of a separate primary and secondary school (on one site with existing buildings), into a single governing body that is educationally structured into junior, middle, and senior…

Sweetnam and Godfrey, Melbourne (Australia).

282

Centre of excellence.  

PubMed

In August, the refurbished RCN Library and Heritage Centre opened at the college's London headquarters. As well as a comprehensive collection of nursing literature, it offers a relaxing 'club' environment where nurses can meet , study socialise . Exhibitions, drawing on the college's unrivalled archive of nursing materials, showcase nursing's achievements and stimulate discussion. PMID:24219456

Lomas, Clare

283

Maple Leaf Outdoor Centre.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Maple Leaf Outdoor Centre (Ontario) has added year-round outdoor education facilities and programs to help support its summer camp for disadvantaged children. Schools, youth centers, religious groups, and athletic teams conduct their own programs, collaborate with staff, or use staff-developed programs emphasizing adventure education and personal…

Maguire, Molly; Gunton, Ric

2000-01-01

284

National Shipbuilding Research Program, 1990 Ship Production Symposium, Paper No. 5B-2: Shipboard Aluminum/Steel Welded Transition Joints Evaluation and Improvements.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Aluminum to steel explosion welded transition joints are used to attach aluminum superstructures to steel hulls. Transition joint bond separation sometimes occurs during ship construction. Ingalls Shipbuilding conducted a long term study to determine caus...

E. Gaines J. Banker

1990-01-01

285

Research in Mathematics Education in Papua New Guinea: 1984. Proceedings of the Mathematics Education Conference, Mathematics Education Centre (4th, Lae, Papua New Guinea. May 1984).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seventeen research reports are arranged under several broad topics of mathematics education. Section 1 concerns language and mathematics learning, with one paper on word problems and one on concept formation. Papers on university level mathematics in Section 2 explore problem solving, characteristics of school leavers, some mathematical aspects of…

Clarkson, Philip C., Ed.

286

PMD2HD – A web tool aligning a PubMed search results page with the local German Cancer Research Centre library collection  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Web-based searching is the accepted contemporary mode of retrieving relevant literature, and retrieving as many full text articles as possible is a typical prerequisite for research success. In most cases only a proportion of references will be directly accessible as digital reprints through displayed links. A large number of references, however, have to be verified in library catalogues and,

Andreas Bohne-Lang; Elke Lang; Anke Taube

2005-01-01

287

Application of 10B counter with moderator for neutron ambient dose equivalent measurement during radiation monitoring at joint institute for nuclear research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The results of an investigation into the possibility of applying a device based on a 10B neutron counter (CHM-14) with a polyethylene moderator as the dosimeter of neutron ambient dose equivalent H*(10) in radiation fields of nuclear physics installations at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR) are presented. It is shown that the device can be used as the dosimeter of this quantity in the neutron energy range from 0.4 eV to 20 MeV with an error no larger than 30% due to the difference between the energy dependence of its response and the energy dependence of the neutron ambient dose equivalent. Applying the correction coefficients allows one to extend the energy range of neutron dose H*(10) measurement to hundreds MeV. The error due to the anisotropy of the device response does not exceed 35%.

Aleynikov, V. E.; Beskrovnaia, L. G.; Mokrov, Yu. V.

2009-01-01

288

Final Report and Recommendations on Regional Computing Centre Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Draft Report of the Joint Ad Hoc Subcommittee on Regional Computing Centres of the Committee of Presidents of Universities of Ontario made a tentative recommendation that a regional computer center should be developed for the use of Ontario universities. However, on further investigation it was found that such a computer center would be…

Committee of Presidents of Universities of Ontario, Toronto.

289

SPOT4 Management Centre  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In the context of the CNES SPOT4 program CISI is particularly responsible for the development of the SPOT4 Management Centre, part of the SPOT4 ground control system located at CNES Toulouse (France) designed to provide simultaneous control over two satellites. The main operational activities are timed to synchronize with satellite visibilities (ten usable passes per day). The automatic capability of this system is achieved through agenda services (sequence of operations as defined and planned by operator). Therefore, the SPOT4 Management Centre offers limited, efficient and secure human interventions for supervision and decision making. This paper emphasizes the main system characteristics as degree of automation, level of dependability and system parameterization.

Labrune, Yves; Labbe, X.; Roussel, A.; Vielcanet, P.

1994-01-01

290

Early Developments in Joint Action  

PubMed Central

Joint action, critical to human social interaction and communication, has garnered increasing scholarly attention in many areas of inquiry, yet its development remains little explored. This paper reviews research on the growth of joint action over the first 2 years of life to show how children become progressively more able to engage deliberately, autonomously, and flexibly in joint action with adults and peers. It is suggested that a key mechanism underlying the dramatic changes in joint action over the second year of life is the ability to reflect consciously on oneself and one’s behavior and volition and correspondingly, on the behavior, goals, and intentions of others.

Brownell, Celia A.

2012-01-01

291

Reliability Centred Maintenance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reliability centred maintenance (RCM) is a method for maintenance planning that was developed within the aircraft industry\\u000a and later adapted to several other industries and military branches. A high number of standards and guidelines have been issued\\u000a where the RCM methodology is tailored to different application areas, e.g., IEC 60300-3-11, MIL-STD-217, NAVAIR 00-25-403 (NAVAIR 2005), SAE JA 1012 (SAE 2002),

Marvin Rausand; Jørn Vatn

292

Transatlantic Dialogue: A Research Exchange; Papers from a Joint Conference (Leeds, England, July 11-13, 1988).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over 90 papers focus on adult education research. Selected titles include "Karl Marx's Theoretical Contributions to Radical Adult Education" (Allman, Wallis); "Educating Educators" (Armstrong); "Comparative Study of Philosophical Foundations of Adult Education in China and United States" (Bao); "Ethical Value Dilemmas of Professional Adult…

Zukas, Miriam, Ed.

293

A Program of Research and Education in Aerospace Structures at the Joint Institute for Advancement of Flight Sciences  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The objectives of the cooperative effort with NASA was to conduct research related to aerospace structures and to increase the quality and quantity of highly trained engineers knowledgeable about aerospace structures. The program has successfully met the objectives and has been of significant benefit to NASA LARC, the GWU and the nation. The program was initiated with 3 students in 1994 under the direction of Dr. Robert Tolson as the Principal Investigator. Since initiation, 14 students have been involved in the program, resulting in 11 MS degrees with 2 more expected in 2000. The 11 MS theses and projects are listed. For technology transfer purposes some research is not reported in thesis form. Graduates from the program have been hired at aerospace and other companies across the nation, providing GWU and LARC with important industry and government contacts.

Tolson, Robert H.

2000-01-01

294

The International Max Planck Research Schools for Molecular Biology and Neurosciences in Gttingen (Germany) as Examples for Joint Doctoral Training by a German University and Its Non-University Partners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New concepts of higher education have recently been implemented through the MSc/PhD programmes in Molecular Biology and Neurosciences in the International Max Planck Research Schools, due to close cooperation between the University of Gttingen, three Max Planck Institutes and the German Primate Centre. The novel measures include a three stage…

Burkhardt, Steffen; Neher, Erwin

2008-01-01

295

Drug utilization in Europe--report of the EURO-DURG workshop and joint symposium with the EACPT Berlin 16.9-18.9 1997. European Drug Utilization Research Group. European Association for Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics.  

PubMed

Around 1,000 participants from all European countries, but also from overseas, visited the Second International Congress of the European Association for Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics (EACPT) in Berlin. The EACPT appreciates the cooperation with other scientific organizations. Five out of 19 symposia offered could be presented jointly with other European societies. One of the symposia took place in conjunction with the European Drug Utilization Research Group (EURO-DURG). The main topic of this joint symposium, led by Professor Ulf Bergman (Huddinge, Sweden) and Dr. Liselotte von Ferber (Cologne, Germany), was the use of drugs and its determinants "in real life" compared to its use under conditions of clinical research. The poster exhibition of this symposium included 80 posters. Attended by 110 participants from 25 countries, the EURO-DURG workshop took place at the very beginning of the joint symposium. PMID:9562235

Schubert, I

1998-03-01

296

Industry Restructuring: Extracts from Centre Publications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains excerpts from material previously published by Australia's TAFE (Technical and Further Education) National Centre for Research and Development on the subjects of industry restructuring, the reasons for restructuring, revising curricula, and providing a service to business and industry. Its contents are "Industry…

Hall, William C., Ed.

297

Prologue: 2009 Joint Meeting of Spondyloarthritis Research and Therapy Network (SPARTAN) and International Genetics of Ankylosing Spondylitis (IGAS).  

PubMed

In July 2009, a 3-day conference was held in Houston, Texas, USA, by members of several groups: the Spondyloarthritis Research and Therapy Network (SPARTAN); the International Genetics of Ankylosing Spondylitis (IGAS); and interested members of the Pan American League of Associations of Rheumatology (PANLAR). The purpose of this meeting was to bring together physician scientists, clinicians, and educators from around the world who are working together to improve their understanding of spondyloarthritis (SpA). In addition to the annual educational and Fellows sessions for SPARTAN members, the conference included a one-day international meeting dedicated to the role of HLA-B27, along with a series of sessions that summarized advances among various collaborative groups and defined opportunities for future genetic initiatives. This supplement provides a review of the SPARTAN and IGAS meetings. PMID:21123332

Reveille, John D; Clegg, Daniel O

2010-12-01

298

Collections: Their Development, Management, Preservation, and Sharing. Papers from the Joint Meeting of the Association of Research Libraries and the Standing Conference of National and University Libraries (York, England, September 19-22, 1988).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers from the joint meeting are assembled in this document. Each of the meeting's five program sessions featured presentations by a Standing Conference of National and Universal Libraries (SCONUL) director and an Association of Research Libraries (ARL) director. The presentations highlight perspectives from both sides of the Atlantic and are…

Daval, Nicola, Ed.

299

WINDII, the wind imaging interferometer on the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite  

Microsoft Academic Search

The WIND imaging interferometer (WINDII) was launched on the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite (UARS) on September 12, 1991. This joint project, sponsored by the Canadian Space Agency and the French Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales, in collaboration with NASA, has the responsibility of measuring the global wind pattern at the top of the altitude range covered by UARS. WINDII measures wind,

G. G. Shepherd; G. Thuillier; W. A. Gault; B. H. Solheim; C. Hersom; J. M. Alunni; J.-F. Brun; S. Brune; P. Charlot; L. L. Cogger; D.-L. Desaulniers; W. F. J. Evans; R. L. Gattinger; F. Girod; D. Harvie; R. H. Hum; D. J. W. Kendall; E. J. Llewellyn; R. P. Lowe; J. Ohrt; F. Pasternak; O. Peillet; I. Powell; Y. Rochon; W. E. Ward; R. H. Wiens; J. Wimperis

1993-01-01

300

Health centres assessed by patients  

PubMed Central

This study consists of a postal questionnaire sent to patients attached to four practices in a health centre during the third year of operation after various exploratory studies and a series of group discussions. The study showed that about three out of four patients preferred health centre-practice to non health-centre practice. The appointment system as a cause of dissatisfaction with the health-centre concept is discussed. The doctor-patient relationship, privacy and confidentiality, and representation of patients on health-centre management committees were studied and are discussed.

Woods, J. O.; Patten, M. P.; Pyper, H. M.

1974-01-01

301

International Soil Reference and Information Centre  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Soil Reference and Information Centre (ISRIC), which is associated with the Centre for Development and Environment, University of Berne, Switzerland, aims to "provide a better understanding of soils and to promote sustainable use of the land." The ISRIC Web site gives visitors several areas to explore, but of special note are the reports and publications link within the publications page, which contains downloadable annual and biannual reports, conference proceedings, soil briefs, technical papers, and more. These publications have been authored or co-authored by staff members, and guest researchers of ISRIC or the former International Soil Museum.

2001-01-01

302

International Soil Reference and Information Centre  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Soil Reference and Information Centre (ISRIC), which is associated with the Centre for Development and Environment, University of Berne, Switzerland, aims to "provide a better understanding of soils and to promote sustainable use of the land." The ISRIC Web site gives visitors several areas to explore, but of special note are the reports and publications link within the publications page, which contains downloadable annual and biannual reports, conference proceedings, soil briefs, technical papers, and more. These publications have been authored or co-authored by staff members, and guest researchers of ISRIC or the former International Soil Museum.

2008-01-01

303

A summary of joint US-Canadian augmentor wing powered-lift STOL research programs at the Ames Research Center, NASA, 1975-1980  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Several different flight research programs carried out by NASA and the Canadian Government using the Augmentor Wing Jet STOL Research Aircraft to investigate the design, operational, and systems requirements for powered-lift STOL aircraft are summarized. Some of these programs considered handling qualities and certification criteria for this class of aircraft, and addressed pilot control techniques, control system design, and improved cockpit displays for the powered-lift STOL approach configuration. Other programs involved exploiting the potential of STOL aircraft for constrained terminal-area approaches within the context of present or future air traffic control environments. Both manual and automatic flight control investigations are discussed, and an extensive bibliography of the flight programs is included.

Hindson, W. S.; Hardy, G.

1980-01-01

304

Joint pain  

Microsoft Academic Search

Joint pain may result from traumas or repeated microtraumas, as in sports injuries. Pain in osteoarthritis starts before any\\u000a objective finding. It has been demonstrated that in the first stages of this disease, pain is due to intraosseous venous engorgement\\u000a for the earlier thickening of the cortical bone under the articular cartilage. The mechanisms of inflammatory pain are more\\u000a complex

Massimo Zoppi; Elisabetta Beneforti

1999-01-01

305

Emotional intelligence and patient-centred care  

PubMed Central

The principles of patient-centred care are increasingly stressed as part of health care policy and practice. Explanations for why some practitioners seem more successful in achieving patient-centred care vary, but a possible role for individual differences in personality has been postulated. One of these, emotional intelligence (EI), is increasingly referred to in health care literature. This paper reviews the literature on EI in health care and poses a series of questions about the links between EI and patient-centred outcomes. Papers concerning empirical examinations of EI in a variety of settings were identified to determine the evidence base for its increasing popularity. The review suggests that a substantial amount of further research is required before the value of EI as a useful concept can be substantiated.

Birks, Yvonne F; Watt, Ian S

2007-01-01

306

From gene to structure: The protein factory of the NBICS Centre of Kurchatov Institute  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Protein Factory was established at the Centre for Nano, Bio, Info, Cognitive, and Social Sciences and Technologies (NBICS Centre) of the National Research Centre "Kurchatov Institute" in 2010. The Protein Factory, together with the Centre for Synchrotron Radiation and Nanotechnology, promote research on structural biology. This paper presents the technology platforms developed at the Protein Factory and the facilities available for researchers. The main projects currently being performed at the Protein Factory are briefly described.

Boyko, K. M.; Lipkin, A. V.; Popov, V. O.; Kovalchuk, M. V.

2013-05-01

307

From gene to structure: The protein factory of the NBICS Centre of Kurchatov Institute  

SciTech Connect

The Protein Factory was established at the Centre for Nano, Bio, Info, Cognitive, and Social Sciences and Technologies (NBICS Centre) of the National Research Centre 'Kurchatov Institute' in 2010. The Protein Factory, together with the Centre for Synchrotron Radiation and Nanotechnology, promote research on structural biology. This paper presents the technology platforms developed at the Protein Factory and the facilities available for researchers. The main projects currently being performed at the Protein Factory are briefly described.

Boyko, K. M.; Lipkin, A. V.; Popov, V. O., E-mail: vpopov@inbi.ras.ru; Kovalchuk, M. V. [NBICS Centre, National Research Centre 'Kurchatov Institute' (Russian Federation)

2013-05-15

308

Child-Centred Inquiry Learning: How Mathematics Understanding Emerges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines how mathematical understandings might emerge through student-centred inquiry. Data is drawn from a research project on student-centred curriculum integration that situated mathematics within authentic problem-solving contexts and involved students in collaboratively constructed curriculum. The project involved case studies in…

Calder, Nigel; Brough, Chris

2013-01-01

309

Enhancing teacher's classroom practice through Teachers' Resource Centres (TRC)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Of late, there have been different arguments for and against short-term professional development courses. These short professional development courses are being conducted using different models or approaches for teacher professional development. One of these models is through Teachers' Resource Centres (TRCs). This is a study of a Teacher Resource Centre in Karachi. The purpose of the research was to study

Moshi Musa Mmanywa

2003-01-01

310

Joint inversion of steady-state hydrologic and self-potential data for 3D hydraulic conductivity distribution at the Boise Hydrogeophysical Research Site  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

SummaryWe combine sedimentological, hydraulic and geophysical information to characterize the 3D distribution of transport properties of an heterogeneous aquifer. We focus on the joint inversion of hydraulic head and self-potential measurements collected during an extensive experimental campaign performed at the Boise Hydrogeophysical Research Site (BHRS), Boise, Idaho, and involving a series of dipole tests. While hydraulic head data obtained from piezometric readings in open wells represent a depth-averaged value, self-potential signals provide an estimate of the water table location. The aquifer is conceptualized as a multiple-continuum, where the volumetric fraction of a geo-material within a cell of the numerical flow model is calculated by Multiple Indicator Kriging. The latter is implemented on the basis of available sedimentological information. The functional format of the indicator variograms and associated parameters are estimated on the basis of formal model identification criteria. Self-potential and hydraulic head data have been embedded jointly within a three-dimensional inverse model of groundwater flow at the site. Each identified geo-material (category) is assumed to be characterized by a constant hydraulic conductivity. The latter constitute the set of model parameters. The hydraulic conductivity associated with a numerical block is then calculated as a weighted average of the conductivities of the geo-materials which are collocated in the block by means of Multiple Indicator Kriging. Model parameters are estimated by a Maximum Likelihood fit between measured and modeled state variables, resulting in a spatially heterogeneous distribution of hydraulic conductivity. The latter is effectively constrained on the sedimentological data and conditioned on both self-potential and borehole hydraulic head readings. Minimization of the Maximum Likelihood objective function allows estimating the relative weight of measurement errors associated with self-potential and borehole-based head data. The procedure adopted allowed a reconstruction of the heterogeneity of the site with a level of details, which was not obtained in previous studies and with relatively modest computational efforts. Further validation against dipole tests which were not used in the inversion procedure supports the robustness of the results.

Straface, Salvatore; Chidichimo, Francesco; Rizzo, Enzo; Riva, Monica; Barrash, Warren; Revil, André; Cardiff, Michael; Guadagnini, Alberto

2011-09-01

311

The University College London Centre for Cosmic Chemistry and Physics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University College London Centre for Cosmic Chemistry and Physics developed this website to present its research in the "fundamental chemical processes which [they believe] occur throughout the universe." Visitors can find an overview of the design and progress of the Centre's projects dealing with the formation of hydrogen molecules on interstellar dust grains and more complex molecules. The website introduces the Centre's main facilities, the Cosmic Dust Lab and the Surface Science Lab. Users can also discover the Centre's theoretical work on gas-surface scattering.

312

International Centre for Criminal Law Reform and Criminal Justice Policy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Criminal Justice Policy A joint initiative of the University of British Columbia, Simon Frasier University, and the Society for the Reform of Criminal Law, the International Centre for Criminal Law Reform and Criminal Justice Policy web site provides links to Internet resources relating to criminal law. There are plans to make the Centre's papers and reports available in HTML format; most are currently available as either plain-text or Microsoft Word files. Subjects of the papers range from aboriginal justice to sentencing and corrections. There are links to the other organizations that participate in the United Nations Online Crime and Justice Clearinghouse.

1997-01-01

313

First Joint U.S.-Canada Polar Expedition for Educators, Axel Heiberg Island, Nunavut, Canada: Planetary Analogue Research and Lessons Learned  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

From July 20 to August 2, 2008, joint activities sponsored by the Canadian Space Agency (CSA - Space Learning) and NASA (Spaceward Bound) were carried out at the McGill Arctic Research Station (MARS) in the Canadian High Arctic. Established in 1960, MARS consists of two sites located on western Axel Heiberg Island along the shore of Expedition Fiord (lower camp), and 8 km inland, at Colour Lake (upper camp). The MARS upper camp is one of the longest-operating seasonal field research facilities in polar regions. The lower camp was established in 2007 through infrastructure support provided by the CSA. The station is located in a mountainous area dominated by ice caps, outlet and valley glaciers, polar desert, arctic tundra, and permafrost, and is internationally recognized for research on cold, perennial springs associated with the presence of evaporite domes. Six educators from the U.S. and Canada participated in field surveys and hands-on demonstrations with the following objectives: (1) join a team of scientists and engineers to explore the topics of Physical Geography, Geoscience, Astrobiology, and Robotics through experiential learning; (2) discover how remote and extreme polar environments on Earth are used by planetary scientists to better understand the evolution of the Moon and Mars, and to potentially train future planetary explorers; (3) bring that experience back to their classrooms, and assist in the development of space curriculum related to science, technology, and engineering projects carried out at planetary analogue sites. In this paper, we present a summary of operational planning and field surveys that led to successful scientific experiments by 16 participants during the Expedition. Research topics explored prior to, and during the arctic mission include Physical Geography, Geomorphology, Geology, Seismology, Earth Observation, Astrobiology, and Terrain Characterization with implications for future human and robotic exploration missions to the Moon and Mars. The Arctic Field Expedition 2008 represents a tangible example of collaboration between our space agencies, to (1) build a dynamic network and 'live connections' in our respective scientific and education communities during International Polar Year, and beyond; and (2) to transfer knowledge on polar regions and planetary analogues to the next generation of space explorers in the U.S. and Canada.

Williamson, M.; Pollard, W. H.; McKay, C. M.; Coe, L.; Steinberg, M.; Clement, J.

2008-12-01

314

Treatment and conditioning of radioactive solid wastes. Technical manual for the management of low and intermediate level wastes generated at small nuclear research centres and by radioisotope users in medicine, research and industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Radioactive materials are extensively used in industrial and research activities mainly related to medical, agricultural, environmental and other studies and applications. During the application and production of radioisotopes, significant amounts of radi...

1992-01-01

315

[Cartilage joint transplantation (author's transl)].  

PubMed

The present day knowledge and the practical use of cartilage joint transplantation in the knee joint are reviewed. Apart from the refixation of cartilage-bone and pure cartilage fragments, autologous transplantation has not fulfilled the expectation anticipated from animal experiments. Apart from the question of the source of the graft, the final results depends primarily on the problems of the functional adjustment of the grafted cartilage in its new position and its nutrition. Homologous cartilagenous grafting can give extraordinarily good clinical results but they are not equal to those of a truely successful graft. In spite of this, future research in cartilage joint transplantation will be concentrated on homologous grafting. PMID:919841

Morscher, E

1977-01-01

316

Joint Institute for Advancement of Flight Sciences  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Experiments were designed, implemented, and evaluated in the thermal and fluid sciences at the NASA Langley Research Center. This research was conducted cooperatively with NASA employees using, where necessary, equipment and facilities provided by the U.S. Government. The research fell within the scope of the University Agreement between the NASA Langley Research Center and The George Washington University for Joint Research and Education Projects dated June 7, 8, 1994, which continues the Joint Institute for the Advancement of Flight Sciences (JIAFS).

Cutler, Andrew D.

1999-01-01

317

Structural joint damage in gout.  

PubMed

This article summarizes the structural damage that is observed in advanced gout and current understanding of the mechanisms by which this damage occurs. Interactions between monosodium urate crystals and cells within the joint are described as well as knowledge gained from imaging studies. Future research directions and potential therapeutic strategies for the prevention and treatment of joint damage in gout are also discussed. PMID:24703348

Chhana, Ashika; Dalbeth, Nicola

2014-05-01

318

OCMS: Oxford Centre for Molecular Sciences  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located at the University of Oxford, the Oxford Centre for Molecular Sciences (OCMS) involves scientists from many different disciplines who share an interest in the structure and function of proteins. Researchers can learn about OCMS's current research dealing with macromolecular complexes and chemistry. The website features the individual research interests and related publications for twenty key scientists. Students and professionals can learn about the abundance of facilities and expertise available to OCMS personnel including the Crystallisation Laboratory, the imaging plate detectors, and electron microscopes. This extensive website also provides links to the many departments at Oxford involved with OCMS.

319

The English Teaching Information Centre  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the function of the British Council's English Teaching Information Centre, which serves foreign students, teachers, teacher trainers, scientists, textbook writers, etc. Emphasizes the Centre's work in English for Special Purposes, including an ample library and many services. Address: ETIC, British Council, 10 Spring Gardens, London SW…

Roe, Peter

1977-01-01

320

Joint Advanced Warfighting School.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

When the United States employs military power, it does so as a joint force. The cornerstone for effective joint force employment remains Service competency, but truly effective Service warfighters must think, plan and fight jointly. The key to developing ...

J. M. Davis K. C. Bowen L. W. Schonenberg

2003-01-01

321

Understanding Joint Warfighting Experiments.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In October 1998 the United States Joint Forces Command (USJFCOM) established a Joint Warfighting Experimentation program to support Joint Concept Development. Experimentation is the unique scientific method for establishing whether hypothesized concepts a...

R. A. Kass

2001-01-01

322

Arthritis: Metacarpophalangeal (MP) Joint  

MedlinePLUS

... Z Hand Anatomy Find a Hand Surgeon Arthritis - MP Joint Email to a friend * required fields From * ... drift (See Figure 2). When arthritis affects the MP joints, the condition is called MP joint arthritis. ...

323

Medical nanotechnology in the UK: a perspective from the London Centre for Nanotechnology.  

PubMed

Nanotechnology research is booming worldwide, and the general belief is that medical and biological applications will form the greatest sector of expansion over the next decade, driven by an attempt to bring radical solutions to areas of unmet medical need. What is true in the United States is also being fulfilled in Europe. This, though, is generally at a significantly lower investment level, even if for "large" capital infrastructure and interdisciplinary centers. Against this, the United Kingdom and its European partners are following the maxim "small is beautiful" and are attempting to identify and develop academic research and commercial businesses in areas that traditional nanotechnology developments involving engineering or physics find challenging. Thus in London-University College London (UCL) in a major joint project with Imperial College and linked to other UK and European centers of excellence-we are building upon our internationally competitive medical research (the two universities together form one of the largest centers of biomedical research outside the United States) to focus on and develop medical nanotechnology as a major sector of our research activity. A novel approach to commercialization has been the establishment with government and private equity funds of a "BioNanotechnology Centre" that will act as a portal for UK industry to access specialist skills to solve issues relating to developing nanotechnology-based medical applications, for example, for environmental screening, diagnostics, and therapy. This article reviews our academic and business strategy with examples from our current biomedical research portfolio. PMID:17292115

Horton, Michael A; Khan, Abid

2006-03-01

324

Solder Joint Health Monitoring Testbed  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A method of monitoring the health of selected solder joints, called SJ-BIST, has been developed by Ridgetop Group Inc. under a Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR) contract. The primary goal of this research program is to test and validate this method in a flight environment using realistically seeded faults in selected solder joints. An additional objective is to gather environmental data for future development of physics-based and data-driven prognostics algorithms. A test board is being designed using a Xilinx FPGA. These boards will be tested both in flight and on the ground using a shaker table and an altitude chamber.

Delaney, Michael M.; Flynn, James G.; Browder, Mark E.

2009-01-01

325

Spacesuit mobility joints  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Joints for use in interconnecting adjacent segments of an hermetically sealed spacesuit which have low torques, low leakage and a high degree of reliability are described. Each of the joints is a special purpose joint characterized by substantially constant volume and low torque characteristics. Linkages which restrain the joint from longitudinal distension and a flexible, substantially impermeable diaphragm of tubular configuration spanning the distance between pivotally supported annuli are featured. The diaphragms of selected joints include rolling convolutions for balancing the joints, while various joints include wedge-shaped sections which enhance the range of motion for the joints.

Vykukal, H. C. (inventor)

1978-01-01

326

The Tehran Book Processing Centre.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Establishment of the Tehran Book Processing Centre (Tebroc) was proposed in the Spring of 1968. This document is a descriptive and historical account of the center, and a description of its contributions to Iranian processing development. The center was m...

J. F. Harvey

1971-01-01

327

The Canada Centre for Remote Sensing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Canada Centre for Remote Sensing (CCRC), "a leading centre of excellence in the use of earth-observation data," is responsible for the acquisition of data and the development of remote sensing applications and related methodologies. This site, provided by Natural Resources Canada, highlights Canadian geography using images obtained through remote sensing. CCRC's information-rich site is divided into five sections including research and development, images and data, and educational references. The site also offers fully-referenced overviews of technologies such as synthetic aperture radar (SAR) and the actual satellites used in remote sensing, plus numerous visuals in the "Applications in Action" section. Highlights include views of Canada from outer space and tracking of glacial movements. Exact image location, date, and sensor resolution is given for every radar image. The searchable bibliography includes some hyperlinks to journal abstracts. The site, available in English and French, also has a searchable, comprehensive glossary of remote sensing terms.

328

PROCEEDINGS: JOINT SYMPOSIUM ON DRY SO2 AND SIMULTANEOUS SO2/NOX CONTROL TECHNOLOGIES (1986). VOLUME 1. SORBENTS, PROCESS RESEARCH, AND DISPERSION  

EPA Science Inventory

The proceedings document the 1986 Joint Symposium on Dry SO2 and Simultaneous SO2/NOx Control Technologies, held in Raleigh, NC, June 2-6, 1986. Fortynine papers were presented by EPA and EPRI staff members representing utility companies, equipment manufacturers, sorbent supplier...

329

Proceedings: Joint Symposium on Dry SO2 and Simultaneous SO2/NOx Control Technologies (1986). Volume 1. Sorbents, Process Research, and Dispersion.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The proceedings document the 1986 Joint Symposium on Dry SO2 and Simultaneous SO2/NOx Control Technologies, held in Raleigh, NC, June 2-6, 1986. Fortynine papers were presented by EPA and EPRI staff members representing utility companies, equipment manufa...

B. Emmel

1986-01-01

330

Proceedings: Joint Symposium on Dry SO2 and Simultaneous SO2/NOx Control Technologies (1st). Volume 1. Fundamental Research and Process Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Forty six papers describing recent advances in dry sorbent injection technologies for SO2 control were presented at the 1st Joint Symposium on Dry SO2 and Simultaneous SO2/NOx Control Technologies. These papers covered the following topics: fundamental re...

P. J. Chappell

1985-01-01

331

Learning Disabilities: Implications for Policy Regarding Research and Practice--A Report by the National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities March 2011  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Founded in 1975, the National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities (NJCLD) is a national committee of representatives of 12 organizations committed to the education and welfare of individuals with learning disabilities. More than 350,000 individuals constitute the membership of the organizations represented by the NJCLD. The NJCLD considers…

Learning Disability Quarterly, 2011

2011-01-01

332

Fabrication of niobium superconducting accelerator cavity by electron beam welded joints  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Fabrication of superconducting cavities has been taken up as a part of the development of accelerator driven sub critical system (ADSS) by Bhabha Atomic Research Centre. Large grain (RRR>99) pure niobium was chosen as the material for the cavity. Niobium,for its application as superconductor requires extremely high quality joints, feasible only by electron beam welding at high vacuum environment. An indigenously developed 100kV, 4kW high vacuum electron beam welding machine has been utilized to carry out the welding operations. Planning of the weld sequences was chalked out. Holding fixtures for the cavity, consists of seven numbers of joints have been fabricated beforehand. A few coupons were welded for optimization of the weld parameters and for inspection of the weld purity by indigenously developed secondary ion mass spectroscopy. The report describes the welding equipment and the stage wise joining operations of the cavity in details and also discusses the qualification testing of the welded cavity.

Saha, T. K.; Mondal, J.; Mittal, K. C.; Bhushan, K. G.; Bapat, A. V.

2012-11-01

333

Shear strengthening of beam-column joints  

Microsoft Academic Search

Shear failure of beam-column joints is identified as the principal cause of collapse of many moment-resisting frame buildings during recent earthquakes. Effective and economical rehabilitation techniques for the upgrade of the joint shear-resistance capacity in existing structures are needed. The objective of this research is to develop effective selective rehabilitation schemes for reinforced concrete beam-column joints using advanced composite materials.

Ahmed Ghobarah; A. Said

2002-01-01

334

Childcare Workers' and Centre Directors' Beliefs about Infant Childcare Quality and Professional Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While there has been extensive research exploring quality in childcare programs for children older than three years, less attention has been directed to the nature of infants' experiences in centre-based childcare programs. In this study, six childcare workers and six centre directors located in centre-based childcare programs in metropolitan…

Brownlee, J.; Berthelsen, D.; Segaran, N.

2009-01-01

335

[Vascularized joint transfer for finger joint reconstruction].  

PubMed

In a retrospective clinical study 16 vascularized joint transfers to the hand with an average follow-up of 8.2 (3 - 15) years were evaluated. The finger joint defect was caused by trauma in 12 patients, tumour in 2 patients and infection and congenital deformity in 1 patient each. There were 14 men and 2 women. The mean age range was 26 (2 - 42) years. In 6 cases a partial vascularized joint transfer was carried out, with the transplant being harvested in two cases from non-replantable finger according to the "tissue bank concept" according to Chase and in the other two cases from the PIP-joint of the second toe. In 10 patients a complete vascularized joint transfer was carried out, with the joint being harvested from the hand in 6 cases and from the 2nd toe in 4 cases. The following criteria were evaluated: active range of motion (neutral-0-method), postoperative arthritis, growth and complications. Active range of motion of the transplanted joint was for partial PIP-joint transfer Ex/Flex 0/20/65 degrees und for partial MP-joint transfer 0/20/30 degrees . After DIP-to-PIP-joint transposition active range of motion was measured Ex/Flex 0/20/60 degrees , after PIP-to-PIP transposition 0/30/60 degrees , PIP-to-MP-transposition 0/20/80 degrees and after MP-to-MP-transposition 0/20/57 degrees . The results after microvascular PIP-joint transfer from the 2nd toe for PIP-joint reconstruction were 0/25/58 degrees for PIP-joint reconstruction and 0/15/70 degrees for MP-joint reconstruction. Arthritic changes could be seen in 3 out of 4 patients with partial vascularized joint transfer. In all complete joint transfers there was no clinical and radiological evidence of arthritis even after 15 years. In the two skeletal immature patients at the time of transfer, normal growth compared to the contralateral donor site could be seen. In 8 out of 14 patients complications occurred. In 4 cases tendolysis of the extensor tendon was necessary. In 4 patients skeletal malalignment (3 x sagittal plane, 1 x rotation) was diagnosed. In one patient flexor pulley reconstruction was necessary in order to correct a bowstring deformity. Indications for vascularized joint transfer at the finger in children is set because of lack of therapy option offering normal growth potential. In adults vascularized joint transfer is indicated in case of contraindication for prosthetic joint replacement or arthrodesis. PMID:17724645

Hierner, R; Berger, A K; Shen, Z-L

2007-08-01

336

Doctorate Education in Canada: Findings from the Survey of Earned Doctorates, 2005/2006. Culture, Tourism and the Centre for Education Statistics. Research Paper. Catalogue no. 81-595-M No. 069  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Doctorate Education in Canada: Findings from the Survey of Earned Doctorates, 2005/2006" is the third paper in a series of reports written by the Learning Policy Directorate of Human Resources and Social Development Canada (HRSDC) and the Centre for Education Statistics of Statistics Canada. Each report presents an overview of doctoral education…

King, Darren; Eisl-Culkin, Judy; Desjardins, Louise

2008-01-01

337

Proprioception and joint stability  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the present paper the current clinical knowledge about proprioception is given for the shoulder, knee, ankle, elbow and the radiocarpal joint. Proprioceptive capabilities are decreased after joint injuries such as ACL or meniscus tears, shoulder dislocation, ankle sprain and in joints with degenerative joint disease. Some surgical procedures seem to restore the proprioceptive abilities; others do not. Elastic knee

J. Jerosch; M. Prymka

1996-01-01

338

[Total joint arthroplasty].  

PubMed

Control of the disease activity is enabled due to the progress of drug therapy for rheumatoid arthritis. However, surgical treatments are necessary for unresponsive cases to the drug or for achieving higher QOL, and we can attain more tight control or cure by combination of drug therapy and surgical treatments. Total joint arthroplasty provides indolence, mobility, stability and is an useful joint reconstruction method. Shoulder and elbow joint work as a reach function together, and total joint arthroplasty become adaptation when extensive joint destruction or severe pain occurrs. With the usage of biologic agents joint repair is possible in small joints, but if the joint destruction progress in weight-bearing joints, repair is impossible and total joint arthroplasty can be required. PMID:23961679

Mibe, Junya; Yamamoto, Kengo

2013-07-01

339

Nuclear Reaction Data Centre Network: A Success Story  

SciTech Connect

The Network of Nuclear Reaction Data Centres constitutes a worldwide cooperative effort of thirteen data centres that has provided nuclear data services to scientists for more than 30 years, under the auspices of the International Atomic Energy Agency. All of the databases are extended, and the services are improved continuously using modern technologies to meet the needs of a wide range of nuclear applications and basic research.

Schwerer, O. [Nuclear Data Section, International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna (Austria); McLane, V. [National Nuclear Data Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY (United States); Henriksson, H. [OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) Data Bank, Issy-les-Moulineaux (France); Maev, S. [Russia Nuclear Data Center, Institute of Physics and Power Engineering, Obninsk (Russian Federation)

2005-05-24

340

Compact Ignition Tokamak (CIT) vacuum vessel welded joint R and D: FY87 final report  

Microsoft Academic Search

The general purpose of the vacuum vessel welded joint research and development program for FY-87 was to begin the development of both an optimum welded joint design and an analytical method for predicting joint distortion. This work was divided into three subtasks: weld joint tests, to develop automatic welding parameters and producing reliably strong, low distortion joints; material tests, to

T. Hurn; J. Kaae; R. Gallix; F. Puhn

1988-01-01

341

The Galactic Centre pulsar population  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The recent discovery of a magnetar in the Galactic Centre region has allowed Spitler et al. to characterize the interstellar scattering in that direction. They find that the temporal broadening of the pulse profile of the magnetar is substantially less than that predicted by models of the electron density of that region. This raises the question of what the plausible limits for the number of potentially observable pulsars - i.e. the number of pulsars beaming towards the Earth - in the Galactic Centre are. In this Letter, using reasonable assumptions - namely (i) the luminosity function of pulsars in the Galactic Centre region is the same as that in the field, (ii) the region has had a constant pulsar formation rate, (iii) the spin and luminosity evolution of magnetars and pulsars are similar and (iv) the scattering in the direction of the Galactic Centre magnetar is representative of the entire inner parsec - we show that the potentially observable population of pulsars in the inner parsec has a conservative upper limit of ˜200 and that it is premature to conclude that the number of pulsars in this region is small. We also show that the observational results so far are consistent with this number and make predictions for future radio pulsar surveys of the Galactic Centre. L66

Chennamangalam, Jayanth; Lorimer, D. R.

2014-05-01

342

United States Bone and Joint Decade  

MedlinePLUS

... have come together as part of the United States Bone and Joint Initiative (USBJI) to improve prevention of bone and joint disorders, and the quality of life for those affected. This goal begins with increased awareness, solid information and more research. The USBJI believes that ...

343

Research on the Numerical Method of Nonlinear Rigidness\\/Flexibility Coupling Dynamics Equations of Flexible-Joint Flexible-Link Space Manipulator  

Microsoft Academic Search

The partial dynamics equations (PDE) of space manipulator with flexible-joint and flexible-link are modelled using the second Lagrange method. Then, the unstable quality of the conventional numerical integration methods under Lagrange system are appropriately proved through energy analysis; therefore, the precise integration method (PIM) under Hamilton system is adopted to solve the strictly stiff PDE owing to rigidness\\/flexibility coupling matter.

Jia Qing-xuan; Chu Ming; Sun Han-xu

2009-01-01

344

The Architecture Centre: Teaching Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based in Bristol, the mission of the Architecture Centre is "to foster a greater understanding and enjoyment of architecture and to promote the value of a better built environment." The Centre's outreach work includes exhibitions, events, lectures and critical debate, work with artists, and visits to inspiring buildings. In the Teaching Resources area of the site, visitors can learn about the Green Day initiative (which works to make schools sustainable) and the Engaging Places resource. This last resource is a fine way for educators, especially those in Great Britain, to use curriculum modules and classroom activities to learn the built environment, including parks and public centers.

2012-10-12

345

Joint experiments using ETS5  

Microsoft Academic Search

An overview of the PARTNERS (Pan-Pacific Regional Telecommunications Network Research Satellite) project, which is the post-mission utilization of the ETS-5 (Engineering Test Satellite-5) is presented. The project was registered at SAFISY (Space Agency Forum for International Space Year) and includes the following experiments: (1) research on radio propagation characteristics in satellite links in Pan-Pacific region; (2) joint study on development

Mutsumi Nakata

1993-01-01

346

University of Southampton: Centre for the Archaeology of Human Origins  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Hosted by the University of Southampton, this website presents the Centre for the Archaeology of Human Origins (CAHO). The CAHO website contains information about research projects, publications, and staff. The Research section links to basic information about research projects in the UK, Africa, and Europe. Publication lists, background information, and contacts are provided for CAHO academic staff and research students. The site also contains sections for News & Events, and related Links.

347

Butt Joint Tool Commissioning  

SciTech Connect

ITER Central Solenoid uses butt joints for connecting the pancakes in the CS module. The principles of the butt joining of the CICC were developed by the JAPT during CSMC project. The difference between the CSMC butt joint and the CS butt joint is that the CS butt joint is an in-line joint, while the CSMC is a double joint through a hairpin jumper. The CS butt joint has to carry the hoop load. The straight length of the joint is only 320 mm, and the vacuum chamber around the joint has to have a split in the clamp shell. These requirements are challenging. Fig.1 presents a CSMC joint, and Fig.2 shows a CS butt joint. The butt joint procedure was verified and demonstrated. The tool is capable of achieving all specified parameters. The vacuum in the end was a little higher than the target, which is not critical and readily correctable. We consider, tentatively that the procedure is established. Unexpectedly, we discover significant temperature nonuniformity in the joint cross section, which is not formally a violation of the specs, but is a point of concern. All testing parameters are recorded for QA purposes. We plan to modify the butt joining tool to improve its convenience of operation and provide all features necessary for production of butt joints by qualified personnel.

Martovetsky, N N

2007-12-06

348

Towards Human-Centred Design  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The field of HCI has evolved and expanded dramatically since its origin in the early 1980’s. The HCI community embraces a large community of researchers and practitioners around the world, from a variety of disciplinary backgrounds in the human and social sciences, engineering and informatics, and more recently, the arts and design disciplines. This kaleidoscope of cultures and disciplines as seen at INTERACT Conferences provides a rich pool of resources for examining our field. Applications are increasingly exploring our full range of sensory modalities, and merging the digital and physical worlds. WiFi has opened up a huge design space for mobile applications. A focus on usability of products and services has been complemented by an emphasis on engagement, enjoyment and experience. With the advent of ubiquitous computing, and the emergence of “The Internet of Things”, new kinds of more open infrastructures make possible radically new kinds of applications. The sources of innovation have also broadened, to include human and social actors outside of the computing and design organizations. The question is to what extent is our mainstream thinking in the HCI field ready for the challenges of this Brave New World? Do the technological and social innovations that we see emerging require us to re-shape, or even, re-create, our field, or is it a case of a more gradual evolution and development of that which we already know? In this closing Keynote, I will provide a perspective on the evolution and development of the HCI field, looking backwards as well as forwards, in order to determine what are some of the changes of significance in the field. This “broad-brush” approach to what I term “ human-centred design” will be complemented by the examination of specific projects and applications, to help anchor some of the discussion. Areas such as user-centred design, participatory design, computer-supported cooperative work and learning, and interaction design, in which I have had some involvement over the years, will be mentioned. I will discuss the themes of “ecologies of artefacts”, appropriation, tinkering/bricolage, and the emergence of design anthropology, among other topics. The purpose of the talk is not to engage in a form of Futurism concerning the HCI field, but to examine some of the technical and social trends that can be observed, and to highlight some areas of particular significance that warrant further attention. I argue for a multi-layered approach that, while exploring new avenues of research concerning people’s use of technology, does not necessarily dismiss the corpus of knowledge we have built up over the years concerning human-computer interaction. From a personal perspective, issues such as means and ends, our underlying values, and concern for our fellow human beings in an increasingly fragile world, are issues that, while perhaps seen as outside the remit of a narrow HCI brief, impact on the field in significant ways. In this regard, discussions of our future should not be the preserve of techno-determinists, but be open to all. For example, ubiquitous computing can be involved in many scenarios, not only that of “Ambient Intelligence”. We need to engage in the development and critique of these different perspectives and approaches. Being able to work in and with multidisciplinary teams embodying distint, and at times conflicting perspectives, being able to communicate ones ideas and information across a variety of social and institutional boundaries, will become of great importance. Of particular concern, in the context of an IFIP INTERACT event, is the need to balance the heterogeneity of concepts and methods being used in research and practice with some form of quality control. Despite the heterogeneity of perspectives and disciplines nowadays involved in the field, I will argue that the HCI community, as a community, still does have a significant role to play in the development and evolution of useful, usable and enaging ICT-enabled infrastructures and applications.

Bannon, Liam J.

349

Role of the Coalition Warrior Interopeorability Demonstration in the Canadian Forces Joint Experimentation Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

From its initial charter in 2001, the Canadian Forces Experimentation Centre (CFEC) inherited the responsibility for managing the Joint Warrior Interoperability Demonstration (JWID) program within Canada. With three years of experience coordinating JWID, ...

K. Wheaton, R. Funk, S. Villeneuve

2005-01-01

350

The Planar Shape of Rock Joints  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Knowing the planar shape of discontinuities is important when characterizing discontinuities in a rock mass. However, the real discontinuity shape is rarely known, since the rock mass is usually inaccessible in three dimensions. Information on discontinuity shape is limited and often open to more than one interpretation. This paper discusses the planar shape of rock joints, the most common discontinuities in rock. First, a brief literature review about the shape of joints is presented, including some information on joint-surface morphology, inferences from observed trace lengths on different sampling planes, information based on experimental studies, and joint shapes assumed by different researchers. This review shows that joints not affected by adjacent geological structures such as bedding boundaries or pre-existing fractures tend to be elliptical (or approximately circular but rarely). Joints affected by or intersecting such geological structures tend to be rectangular. Then, using the general stereological relationship between trace length distributions and joint size distributions developed by Zhang et al. (Geotechnique 52(6):419-433, 2002) for elliptical joints, the effect of sampling plane orientation on trace lengths is investigated. This study explains why the average trace lengths of non-equidimensional (elliptical or similar polygonal) joints on two sampling planes can be about equal and thus the conclusion that rock joints are equidimensional (circular) drawn from the fact that the average trace lengths on two sampling planes are approximately equal can be wrong. Finally, methods for characterizing the shape and size of joints (elliptical or rectangular) from trace length data are recommended, and the appropriateness of using elliptical joint shapes to represent polygonal, especially rectangular, joints is discussed.

Zhang, Lianyang; Einstein, Herbert H.

2010-02-01

351

Questioning Centre-Periphery Platforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How much is hegemony and how much is self-determination in the higher education systems in Southeast Asia? This paper argues that while the question of centre and periphery is still relevant to the analysis of international university systems, the analytical frameworks from which it has arisen may lose viability in the long term. Southeast Asian…

Postiglione, Gerard A.

2005-01-01

352

The Tehran Book Processing Centre.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Establishment of the Tehran Book Processing Centre (Tebroc) was proposed in the Spring of 1968. This document is a descriptive and historical account of the center, and a description of its contributions to Iranian processing development. The center was modeled, to a certain extent, after Bro-Dart's Alanar in Williamsport, Pennsylvania. Tebroc was…

Harvey, John F.

353

Pressure suit joint analyzer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A measurement system for simultaneously measuring torque and angular flexure in a pressure suit joint is described. One end of a joint under test is held rigid. A torque transducer is pivotably supported on the other movable end of a joint. A potentiometer is attached to the transducer by an arm. The wiper shaft of the potentiometer is gripped by a reference arm that rotates the wiper shaft the same angle as the flexure of joint. A signal is generated by the potentiometer which is representative of the joint flexure. A compensation circuit converts the output of the transducer to a signal representative of joint torque.

Vykukal, H. C.; Webbon, B. W. (inventors)

1982-01-01

354

KNMI Data Centre: Easy access for all  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

KNMI is the Dutch institute for weather, climate research and seismology. It disseminates weather information to the public at large, the government, aviation and the shipping industry in the interest of safety, the economy and a sustainable environment. To gain insight into long-term developments KNMI conducts research on climate change. Making the knowledge, data and information on hand at KNMI accessible is one core activity. A huge part of the KNMI information is from numerical models, insitu sensor networks and remote sensing satellites. This digital collection is mostly internal only available and is a collection of non searchable , non standardized file formats, lacking documentation and has no references to scientific publications. With the KNMI Data Centre (KDC) project these issues are tackled. In the project a user driven development approach with SCRUM was chosen to get maximum user involvement in a relative short development timeframe. Building on open standards and proven open source technology (which includes in-house developed software like ADAGUC WMS and Portal) resulted in a first release in December 2012 This presentation will focus on the aspects of KDC relating to its technical challenges, the development strategy and the initial usage results of the data centre.

van de Vegte, John; Som de Cerff, Wim; Plieger, Maarten; de Vreede, Ernst; Sluiter, Raymond; Willem Noteboom, Jan; van der Neut, Ian; Verhoef, Hans; van Versendaal, Robert; van Binnendijk, Martin; Kalle, Henk; Knopper, Arthur; Spit, Jasper; Mastop, Joeri; Klos, Olaf; Calis, Gijs; Ha, Siu-Siu; van Moosel, Wim; Klein Ikkink, Henk-Jan; Tosun, Tuncay

2013-04-01

355

Large displacement spherical joint  

DOEpatents

A new class of spherical joints has a very large accessible full cone angle, a property which is beneficial for a wide range of applications. Despite the large cone angles, these joints move freely without singularities.

Bieg, Lothar F. (Albuquerque, NM); Benavides, Gilbert L. (Albuquerque, NM)

2002-01-01

356

Joints and Movements.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report contains an explanation of anatomical concepts of joints and movements necessary in biomedical and physical therapy education. Upon completion of pamphlet, reader will be able to: (1) identify movements at any joint in the human body, (2) diffe...

P. Jacoby-Lockhart H. B. Slotnick

1979-01-01

357

Student-Centred Learning: Toolkit for Students, Staff and Higher Education Institutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Toolkit forms part of the project entitled "Time for a New Paradigm in Education: Student-Centred Learning" (T4SCL), jointly led by the European Students' Union (ESU) and Education International (EI). This is an EU-funded project under the Lifelong Learning Programme (LLP) administered by the Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive…

Attard, Angele; Di Iorio, Emma; Geven, Koen; Santa, Robert

2010-01-01

358

Suntory and Toyota International Centres for Economics and Related Disciplines  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Suntory and Toyota International Centres for Economics and Related Disciplines (STICERD) is an economic organization based at the London School of Economics and Political Science in London, England. Founded by Suntory Limited and the Toyota Motor Company Limited of Japan, STICERD hosts a variety of workshops and lectures, and offers financial help to postgraduates and outside research programs. Their Website includes information on STICERD-funded economic programs as well as selected abstracts and full-text discussion papers by the Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion (1997-present), the Distributional Analysis Research Programme (1997-present), Econometrics (1998-present), and Theoretical Economics Series (1998-present), among other publication series.

359

Theoretical Analysis of T-Joints in Hollow Structural Sections  

Microsoft Academic Search

A research program is presented to analyse the behaviour of the T-joints between square (or rectangular) HSS in the elastic range. An attempt was made to obtain the joint rigidity in both cases of loading, applied moment and branch member axial loads.\\u000aTwo different joint types were analysed, unreinforced T-joint as well as the haunch reinforcement type. In each case,

Magdi Halim Masour

1978-01-01

360

Spring 2004 Joint Symposium of the NY AAPT and APS  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The 2004 Joint Symposium addressed the question, "What Physics Education Research Says to Physicists and Physics Educators?" Topical sessions covered Recruiting and Retaining Under-Represented Populations, Research on Learning Physics, and Applying Research in the Physics Classroom.

2004-02-05

361

Family-centred care delivery  

PubMed Central

Abstract Objective To determine whether models of primary care service delivery differ in their provision of family-centred care (FCC) and to identify practice characteristics associated with FCC. Design Cross-sectional study. Setting Primary care practices in Ontario (ie, 35 salaried community health centres, 35 fee-for-service practices, 32 capitation-based health service organizations, and 35 blended remuneration family health networks) that belong to 4 models of primary care service delivery. Participants A total of 137 practices, 363 providers, and 5144 patients. Main outcome measures Measures of FCC in patient and provider surveys were based on the Primary Care Assessment Tool. Statistical analyses were conducted using linear mixed regression models and generalized estimating equations. Results Patient-reported FCC scores were high and did not vary significantly by primary care model. Larger panel size in a practice was associated with lower odds of patients reporting FCC. Provider-reported FCC scores were significantly higher in community health centres than in family health networks (P = .035). A larger number of nurse practitioners and clinical services on-site were both associated with higher FCC scores, while scores decreased as the number of family physicians in a practice increased and if practices were more rural. Conclusion Based on provider and patient reports, primary care reform strategies that encourage larger practices and more patients per family physician might compromise the provision of FCC, while strategies that encourage multidisciplinary practices and a range of services might increase FCC.

Mayo-Bruinsma, Liesha; Hogg, William; Taljaard, Monica; Dahrouge, Simone

2013-01-01

362

The International Centre for Career Development and Public Policy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Centre for Career Development and Public Policy is sponsored by a range of international organizations, including the World Bank and the International Association for Educational and Vocational Guidance. The primary directive of the Centre's website is "to facilitate policy learning through the international exchange of knowledge and information concerning public policy and career development issues." On their site, visitors can look over sections titled "Policy & Research", "Symposia", "Forums", and "Resources". A good way to get started is to check out the "Policy & Research" area. Here visitors can find information about topics that include the Centre's work on expanding access to educational guidance, improving career information, and assessing educational effectiveness in partner countries. After that, visitors can look through the "Categories" listing on the left side of the homepage to look for materials on everything from "Algeria" to "Training and Qualifications".

363

University of Papua New Guinea (UPNG) Remote Sensing Centre  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Papua New Guinea (UPNG) Remote Sensing Centre offers "access to remotely sensed satellite data and GIS products concerned with land-cover and land-use in Papua New Guinea." The website summarizes a few of the Centre's research projects for both the government and the private sector. Researchers can find 1:50,000 scale data of the coastline of Papua New Guinea and descriptions of the Centre's 20- and 90-meter DEMs (digital elevation models). After installing an ECW plug-in, the Mapping Portal allows individuals to create maps from a wide variety of data layers including satellite imagery, mining areas, and slopes. Students and educators can find a brief overview of GIS (geographic information systems) technology and its importance in an array of problems.

364

Seismic response of rock joints and jointed rock mass  

SciTech Connect

Long-term stability of emplacement drifts and potential near-field fluid flow resulting from coupled effects are among the concerns for safe disposal of high-level nuclear waste (HLW). A number of factors can induce drift instability or change the near-field flow patterns. Repetitive seismic loads from earthquakes and thermal loads generated by the decay of emplaced waste are two significant factors. One of two key technical uncertainties (KTU) that can potentially pose a high risk of noncompliance with the performance objectives of 10 CFR Part 60 is the prediction of thermal-mechanical (including repetitive seismic load) effects on stability of emplacement drifts and the engineered barrier system. The second KTU of concern is the prediction of thermal-mechanical-hydrological (including repetitive seismic load) effects on the host rock surrounding the engineered barrier system. The Rock Mechanics research project being conducted at the Center for Nuclear Waste Regulatory Analyses (CNWRA) is intended to address certain specific technical issues associated with these two KTUs. This research project has two major components: (i) seismic response of rock joints and a jointed rock mass and (ii) coupled thermal-mechanical-hydrological (TMH) response of a jointed rock mass surrounding the engineered barrier system (EBS). This final report summarizes the research activities concerned with the repetitive seismic load aspect of both these KTUs.

Ghosh, A.; Hsiung, S.M.; Chowdhury, A.H. [Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX (United States). Center for Nuclear Waste Regulatory Analyses

1996-06-01

365

Canada Centre for Remote Sensing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Canada Centre for Remote Sensing (CCRS) is responsible for the provision of a national service for the reception, processing, archiving and dissemination of remotely sensed data for Canada. Major features of the their homepage include a history of CCRS, a publications database, and a section of news articles and announcments. Additional links are provided to a glossary of terms and to an extensive set of outreach and educational materials for K-12 and higher levels. Sections on optical and radar imaging systems feature overviews of platforms and instruments, as well as imagery.

366

Ireland's Emergence as a Centre for Internationally Traded Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Grimes S. (2006) Ireland's emergence as a centre for internationally traded services, Regional Studies40, 1–14. Although researchers examining the internationalization of service activity emphasize the need to see it as a holistic process because of the interdependency between production and services, conceptualization of the internationalization process to date has been constrained by the common tendency to focus on specialist service

Seamus Grimes

2006-01-01

367

The application of knowledge management in call centres  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The paper proposes to evaluate the need for knowledge management in a call centre for improving quality of customer services, by addressing the issues specifically relating to information and knowledge management. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Methodology adopted in this research is qualitative, namely ethnography. After examining six models from literature review, a knowledge management model is developed for implementation to

S. C. L. Koh; A. Gunasekaran; A. Thomas; S. Arunachalam

2005-01-01

368

Trends in biological joint resurfacing  

PubMed Central

The treatment of osteochondral lesions and osteoarthritis remains an ongoing clinical challenge in orthopaedics. This review examines the current research in the fields of cartilage regeneration, osteochondral defect treatment, and biological joint resurfacing, and reports on the results of clinical and pre-clinical studies. We also report on novel treatment strategies and discuss their potential promise or pitfalls. Current focus involves the use of a scaffold providing mechanical support with the addition of chondrocytes or mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), or the use of cell homing to differentiate the organism’s own endogenous cell sources into cartilage. This method is usually performed with scaffolds that have been coated with a chemotactic agent or with structures that support the sustained release of growth factors or other chondroinductive agents. We also discuss unique methods and designs for cell homing and scaffold production, and improvements in biological joint resurfacing. There have been a number of exciting new studies and techniques developed that aim to repair or restore osteochondral lesions and to treat larger defects or the entire articular surface. The concept of a biological total joint replacement appears to have much potential. Cite this article: Bone Joint Res 2013;2:193–9.

Myers, K. R.; Sgaglione, N. A.; Grande, D. A.

2013-01-01

369

International Centre for Earth Simulation (ICES)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

High Performance Computing is currently deployed in several centers for climate research, but not at the levels needed to achieve substantial success on a global basis, given the complexity of the problem. A quantum leap in capabilities will be necessary to handle next-generation climate models that integrate newly emerging sciences, high-resolution grids, and voluminous observational data from satellites and sophisticated ground devices. Bishop will discuss efforts to build an International Centre for Earth Simulation (ICES) that takes an holistic systems approach, and that has the competence and resources to achieve new insights in this new decade, and is capable to influence public policy wrt to weather, climate, environment and disaster risk reduction.

Bishop, R.

2010-09-01

370

Brain Signature of Chronic Orofacial Pain: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis on Neuroimaging Research of Trigeminal Neuropathic Pain and Temporomandibular Joint Disorders  

PubMed Central

Brain neuroimaging has been widely used to investigate the bran signature of chronic orofacial pain, including trigeminal neuropathic pain (TNP) and pain related to temporomandibular joint disorders (TMD). We here systematically reviewed the neuroimaging literature regarding the functional and structural changes in the brain of TNP and TMD pain patients, using a computerized search of journal articles via PubMed. Ten TNP studies and 14 TMD studies were reviewed. Study quality and risk of bias were assessed based on the criteria of patient selection, the history of medication, the use of standardized pain/psychological assessments, and the model and statistics of imaging analyses. Qualitative meta-analysis was performed by examining the brain regions which showed significant changes in either brain functions (including the blood-oxygen-level dependent signal, cerebral blood flow and the magnetic resonance spectroscopy signal) or brain structure (including gray matter and white matter anatomy). We hypothesized that the neuroimaging findings would display a common pattern as well as distinct patterns of brain signature in the disorders. This major hypothesis was supported by the following findings: (1) TNP and TMD patients showed consistent functional/structural changes in the thalamus and the primary somatosensory cortex, indicating the thalamocortical pathway as the major site of plasticity. (2) The TNP patients showed more alterations at the thalamocortical pathway, and the two disorders showed distinct patterns of thalamic and insular connectivity. Additionally, functional and structural changes were frequently reported in the prefrontal cortex and the basal ganglia, suggesting the role of cognitive modulation and reward processing in chronic orofacial pain. The findings highlight the potential for brain neuroimaging as an investigating tool for understanding chronic orofacial pain.

Lin, Chia-shu

2014-01-01

371

Active rigidity joint  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Unimorph active rigidity joints, constructed from Shape Memory Alloy and Shape Memory Polymer and capable of bending actuation, are reported in this work. An embedded aluminum shim was added to each joint as a structural element to facilitate actuation. Joints were actuated using ohmic Tri-Phase and pulse heating processes with different results. It appeared that openloop position control could be achieved using pulse heating. Actuator improvements and future experiments are proposed.

Geeng, Franklin; Manzo, Justin; Garcia, Ephrahim

2010-03-01

372

Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis  

SciTech Connect

The Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis (JCAP) is the nation's largest research program dedicated to the development of an artificial solar-fuel generation technology. Established in 2010 as a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Energy Innovation Hub, JCAP aims to find a cost-effective method to produce fuels using only sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide as inputs. JCAP brings together more than 140 top scientists and researchers from the California Institute of Technology and its lead partner, Berkeley Lab, along with collaborators from the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, and the University of California campuses at Irvine and San Diego.

Koval, Carl; Lee, Kenny; Houle, Frances; Lewis, Nate

2013-12-10

373

Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis  

ScienceCinema

The Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis (JCAP) is the nation's largest research program dedicated to the development of an artificial solar-fuel generation technology. Established in 2010 as a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Energy Innovation Hub, JCAP aims to find a cost-effective method to produce fuels using only sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide as inputs. JCAP brings together more than 140 top scientists and researchers from the California Institute of Technology and its lead partner, Berkeley Lab, along with collaborators from the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, and the University of California campuses at Irvine and San Diego.

Koval, Carl; Lee, Kenny; Houle, Frances; Lewis, Nate

2013-12-19

374

The University of Queensland - The Centre for Microscopy and Microanalysis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"The Centre for Microscopy and Microanalysis is an interdisciplinary research and service facility dedicated to an understanding of the structure and composition of all materials at atomic, molecular, cellular and macromolecular scales." The web site features a variety of material science investigations. Researchers can learn about partaking in electron microscopy online, instrument reservations, and training. The website furnishes images and descriptions about the Center's many instruments, including transmission and scanning microscopes.

375

The Commons - Information Services Collaboratory for Teaching, Learning and Research [AJCU 2008 Joint Conference on Information Technology Management, Libraries and Educational Technology, Mar 30Apr 2, 2008  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Commons has evolved in higher education to include the Student Commons (Information and Learning Commons) and the Faculty Commons (Teaching and Research Commons). This presentation provides an overview and details of the development and expansion of the Student and Faculty Commons concepts, recent trends, and the varieties of administrative models functioning today. The presentation provides a guide to use

D. Russell Bailey

2008-01-01

376

Centre for Astrophysics and Supercomputing, Swinburne University of Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The web page of the Centre for Astrophysics and Supercomputing at Swinburne University of Technology of Melbourne, Australia provides links to news articles and information on research programs and educational programs for university students and the general public. There is also information on the Centre's education and outreach programs, including Swinburne Astronomy Online (SAO), which concentrates on fundamental concepts and key issues in contemporary astronomy for amateur astronomers, educators and communicators, people working in related fields, and the general public. Other materials include Cosmos, an online astronomy encyclopedia for general audiences; information on AstroTours, 3D virtual tours of astronomical objects and phenomena; and information on SpaceWorks, the Centre's commercial arm for combining projection and visualization technology with educational content.

377

The Centre for the Study of Global Governance  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Established in 1992 at the London School of Economics and Political Science, the Centre for the Study of Global Governance with a substantial grant from the Maurice Laing and Rufford Foundations. As the website notes, the centre's mission is "to inquire into the origins and nature of urgent problems facing the globe, to inform by way of public lectures, seminars, and discussion, and to influence agencies and organizations engaged in seeking and implementing solutions to these urgent problems." From the homepage, visitors can learn about the various leaders and fellows at the Centre, learn about ongoing research projects on global civil society and other topics, and view selected discussion papers and transcripts of public lectures. Some of the rather compelling papers available for consideration here address topics as diverse as the role of international criminal prosecutions in reconstructing divided communities and the impact of globalization in southeastern European countries.

378

Centre of Excellence For Simulation Education and Innovation (CESEI).  

PubMed

Simulation is becoming an integral part of medical education. The American College of Surgeons (ACS) was the first organization to recognize the value of simulation-based learning, and to award accreditation for educational institutions that aim to provide simulation as part of the experiential learning opportunity. Centre of Excellence for Simulation Education and Innovation (CESEI) is a multidisciplinary and interprofessional educational facility that is based at the University of British Columbia (UBC) and Vancouver Costal Health Authority (VCH). Centre of Excellence for Simulation Education and Innovation's goal is to provide excellence in education, research, and healthcare delivery by providing a technologically advanced environment and learning opportunity using simulation for various groups of learners including undergraduate, postgraduate, nursing, and allied health professionals. This article is an attempt to describe the infrastructure, services, and uniqueness of the Centre of Excellence for Simulation Education and Innovation. PMID:20816366

Qayumi, A Karim

2010-01-01

379

ReliefWeb Map Centre  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As a project of the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, ReliefWeb has a mandate to strengthen the response capacity of the humanitarian relief community through the timely dissemination of reliable information on response, preparedness, and disaster prevention. The Map Centre page of the Web site contains links to a wealth of informative maps that carry on the organizations mandate by providing humanitarian content in cartographic form. Some of the maps available include Iraq food storage sites, Argentina flood location map, an overview of Liberian conflict, landslides in Papua New Guinea, and many more. The maps can be browsed by geographic location and subject, or searched by various parameters, making it an easy-to-use and helpful resource for anyone seeking informative maps that can be freely downloaded.

380

World Agricultural Information Centre Portal  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Disseminating information about any subject to a broad range of constituents and concerned parties and organizations can be a formidable task, no matter what the medium might be. This website is designed to achieve just that goal for agriculture, and it has a mandate from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations. The World Agricultural Information Centre (WAICENT) is designed to provide a framework for disseminating agricultural information. In many ways functions as a portal, collecting links to relevant websites and documents through a series of topical and subtopical headings. Given the sheer amount of material here, visitors will take comfort to learn that the siteâÂÂs homepage features a âÂÂHighlightsâ section that draws their attention to new additions, such as the FAO Tsunami Portal. Additionally, visitors can take advantage of a sophisticated search engine offered here, or just browse around through such topics as agroindustry and forest management.

381

Ultrasonic Welding of Hybrid Joints  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A central research field of the Institute of Materials Science and Engineering at the University of Kaiserslautern (WKK), Germany, is the realization of innovative hybrid joints by ultrasonic metal welding. This article gives an overview of suitable ultrasonic welding systems as well as of essential machine and material parameters, which influence the quality of the welds. Besides the ultrasonic welding of dissimilar metals such as Al to Cu or Al to steels, the welds between newly developed materials like aluminum foam sandwiches or flat flexible cables also can be realized. Moreover, the joining of glass and ceramic to sheet metals is a point of interest at the WKK. By using the ultrasonic metal welding process, it is possible to realize metal/glass welds with tensile shear strengths of 50 MPa. For metal/ceramic joints, the shear strengths values up to 150 MPa were measured. Finally, selected results about the occurring bonding mechanisms will be discussed.

Wagner, Guntram; Balle, Frank; Eifler, Dietmar

2012-03-01

382

Continuing Education in the Research Assessment Exercise 1996: Problems and Prospects for Strategic Development. Proceedings of the UACE Seminar in the Joint SCUTREA/SRHE/UACE Research Seminar Series (London, England, March 25, 1997). Occasional Paper No. 21.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains 10 papers from the research assessment exercise (RAE) that four organizations concerned with continuing education in the United Kingdom conducted to evaluate the quality and impact of research on continuing education in 1996. (The organizations were as follows: Standing Conference on University Teaching and Research in the…

Gerver, Elisabeth, Ed.

383

Tape Joint Stiffness.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This redport evaluates the stiffness for a standard tape-joint structural connection. This stiffness is frequently necessary when modeling a structure (e.g., a shock model). In general, for a standard cylindrical tape joint, the stiffness is 1.2 times gre...

R. P. Rechard

1986-01-01

384

Behavior of jointed pipelines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Experimental data on the axial, bending and torsional behavior of ductile cast iron pipes with rubber gasket joints is presented. Analytical expressions are provided which predict the resistance mechanisms and behavior of the joints. The bending mechanism is found to be quite different from the axial and torsional mechanism. By repeating the tests in a specially designed soil box, the

Singhal

1984-01-01

385

Investigation of joint disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

The role of nuclear medicine in the diagnosis and management of the major arthropathies is critically reviewed, with particular reference to osteoarthritis, rheumatoid and similar forms of arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, non-specific back pain, gout, the neuropathic joint, avascular necrosis, infection and the consequences of prosthetic joint insertion. Attention is drawn both to practical applications and deficiencies in current techniques and

M. V. Merrick

1992-01-01

386

Bone and joint infections  

Microsoft Academic Search

Infections involving bone and joint are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. They can result in prolonged hospital stays, long courses of systemic antibiotics and frequently will require surgical intervention. In this review we will cover the commonest infections seen clinically. We have also chosen to divide the review into two sections; infections involving native tissue\\/joints and infections relating

Tom Darton; Robert Townsend

2010-01-01

387

Campylobacter prosthetic joint infection.  

PubMed

A 75-year-old man was diagnosed with probable Campylobacter jejuni prosthetic knee infection after a diarrheal illness. Joint aspirate and operative cultures were negative, but PCR of prosthesis sonicate fluid was positive, as was stool culture. Nineteen additional cases of Campylobacter prosthetic joint infection reported in the literature are reviewed. PMID:24523462

Vasoo, Shawn; Schwab, Jeramy J; Cunningham, Scott A; Robinson, Trisha J; Cass, Joseph R; Berbari, Elie F; Walker, Randall C; Osmon, Douglas R; Patel, Robin

2014-05-01

388

Prosthetic Elbow Joint.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An artificial manually positionable elbow joint for use in an upper extremity, above-elbow, prosthetic which provides a locking feature that is easily controlled by the wearer is described. The instant elbow joint is very strong and durable to withstand t...

B. Weddendorf

1992-01-01

389

Joint warfare system (JWARS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Joint Warfare System (JWARS) is a campaign-level model of military operations that is currently being developed under contract by the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) for use by OSD, the Joint Staff, the Services, and the War fighting Commands. The behavior of military forces can be simulated from ports of embarkation through to their activities in combat.

A. Simlote

2003-01-01

390

General joint laxity  

Microsoft Academic Search

General joint laxity is measured with the hyperextensometer, and by analyzing the values obtained in a group of European subjects norm curves are drawn up related to age and sex. The values found in various orthopedic diseases are put into these curves, and the importance of general joint laxity is discussed.

L. Dubs; N. Gschwend

1988-01-01

391

Joint Seal Materials.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Three major experimental field installations of approximately 7 types of joint sealing materials were used to compare and evaluate the products of numerous sealant manufacturers. The sealants were placed in contraction joints (3/8 in. x 2 in.) which were ...

J. G. F. Hiss J. R. Lambert W. M. McCarty

1968-01-01

392

Superconducting cable joint resistance  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports on results of a parametric study of the 4.2 K resistance of lap joints between two 27-strand cables of multifilamentary Nb{sub 3}Sn wire. All joints were between ribbon terminations made rolling copper-encapsulated cable ends flat. Resistances as functions of current were inferred from current decay time constants of cable-in-conduit conductor loops connected by the joints. The resistances of twenty three samples were measured (range of 0.2 to 3 n{Omega}). It was found that lap joint resistance was a function of current. The influences of solder versus no solder, solder thickness, indium versus tin-lead, ribbon surface oxidation, solder flux, cable twist pitch, wire chrome plating, clamping pressure during heat treatment, ribbon aspect ratio, and joint length are reported.

Herbelot, O.; Steeves, M.M.; Hoening, M.O. (Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge, MA (United States). Plasma Fusion Center)

1991-03-01

393

Implementing the Democratic Principles and Practices of Student-Centred Curriculum Integration in Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student-centred curriculum integration (CI) is a concept underpinned by democratic education. It places students at the centre of learning, involving them in classroom decisions and curriculum planning. Most research on this approach has been situated in the middle years, but this study focuses on primary schooling. This project examined what…

Brough, Chris Jane

2012-01-01

394

All Talk But No Voice: Employee Voice at the Eurotunnel Call Centre  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is little existing research on non-union voice structures of consultation and representation in call centres, or on the impact and influence of such structures on either organizational change or employee influence over managerial decisions. This article attempts to address these issues by examining non-union consultation and representative arrangements at the call centre operations at Eurotunnel, and assessing their effectiveness

Paul J. Gollan

2003-01-01

395

Staff Members' Ideas about Visitors' Learning at Science and Technology Centres  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates staff members' ideas and assumptions about visitors' learning at science and technology centres. It also aims to explore in what ways their reasoning intersect with existing theories about learning within the field of science and technology centre research. The results of the study reveal that the staff members allude to…

Davidsson, Eva; Jakobsson, Anders

2009-01-01

396

How Person-Centred Counselling Trainers Understand and Experience Their Role in the Current British Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports the findings of a qualitative study into the experience of person-centred training from the viewpoint of the trainer. Interpretative phenomenological analysis was the adopted approach. The researcher conducted a series of in-depth semi-structured interviews with five person-centred trainers with experience across a range of…

Ballinger, Liz

2014-01-01

397

A Forest of Forests: Constructing a Centre-Usage Profile as a Source of Outcomes Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most writing-centre administrators collect centre-usage information because it can generate one of the most basic forms of assessment. Such assessment can and often does determine resources in the institutional-funding process. In addition to responding to the call since the 1980s for rigorous scientific assessment issued from researchers and…

Huang, Li-Shih

2012-01-01

398

Distant Operational Care Centre: Design Project Report  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The goal of this project is to outline the design of the Distant Operational Care Centre (DOCC), a modular medical facility to maintain human health and performance in space, that is adaptable to a range of remote human habitats. The purpose of this project is to outline a design, not to go into a complete technical specification of a medical facility for space. This project involves a process to produce a concise set of requirements, addressing the fundamental problems and issues regarding all aspects of a space medical facility for the future. The ideas presented here are at a high level, based on existing, researched, and hypothetical technologies. Given the long development times for space exploration, the outlined concepts from this project embodies a collection of identified problems, and corresponding proposed solutions and ideas, ready to contribute to future space exploration efforts. In order to provide a solid extrapolation and speculation in the context of the future of space medicine, the extent of this project's vision is roughly within the next two decades. The Distant Operational Care Centre (DOCC) is a modular medical facility for space. That is, its function is to maintain human health and performance in space environments, through prevention, diagnosis, and treatment. Furthermore, the DOCC must be adaptable to meet the environmental requirements of different remote human habitats, and support a high quality of human performance. To meet a diverse range of remote human habitats, the DOCC concentrates on a core medical capability that can then be adapted. Adaptation would make use of the DOCC's functional modularity, providing the ability to replace, add, and modify core functions of the DOCC by updating hardware, operations, and procedures. Some of the challenges to be addressed by this project include what constitutes the core medical capability in terms of hardware, operations, and procedures, and how DOCC can be adapted to different remote habitats.

1996-01-01

399

Engineering Approaches to Energy Balance and Obesity: Opportunities for Novel Collaborations and Research: Report of a Joint National Science Foundation and National Institutes of Health Workshop  

PubMed Central

Energy balance disorders account for a large public health burden. The obesity epidemic in particular is one of the most rapidly evolving public health problems of our day. At present, two-thirds of American adults and one-sixth of American children and adolescents are considered either overweight or obese. Public health concern about obesity is high because of the increased risk and increased mortality of cardiovascular disease, Type 2 diabetes, many forms of cancer, gallbladder disease, and osteoarthritis. These risks increase with the severity of the obesity. Excess adipose tissue, representing fat storage, ultimately derives from an imbalance between energy intake and energy expenditure. Conversely, undesirable and inadvertent loss of body weight and muscle mass, as seen in aging and cachectic states of chronic diseases such as heart failure and cancer, have serious clinical and functional consequences without satisfactory clinical or behavioral solutions. Innovative engineering technologies could help to address unresolved problems in energy balance, intake, and expenditure. Novel sensors, devices, imaging technologies, nanotechnologies, biomaterials, technologies to detect biochemical markers of energy balance, mathematical modeling, systems biology, and other approaches could be developed, evaluated, and leveraged through multidisciplinary collaborations. Engineers, physical scientists, and mathematicians can work with scientists from other relevant disciplines who possess expertise in obesity and nutrition. Furthermore, the possibility of re-engineering the “built environment” to encourage higher levels of physical activity has been suggested as another promising and important approach to which engineers can contribute (see http://www.obesityresearch.nih.gov). Ultimately, systematic application of the “Engineering Approach” can help in developing the needed technologies and tools to facilitate research and eventually support therapeutic advances and behavioral change. This article summarizes important public health concerns related to disordered energy balance and describes research priorities identified at a recent National Science Foundation-National Institutes of Health workshop. Research funding opportunities are described as posted on the NIH Guide to Grants and Contracts (see http://www.nih.gov/grants/guide).

Ershow, Abby G.; Ortega, Alfonso; Timothy Baldwin, J.; Hill, James O.

2007-01-01

400

Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This potpourri surveys research on various topics: neurologically based curricula, midafternoon slumps in student attention, accounting for contexts in research, feelings of powerlessness among students and teachers, further equity implications of computers in schools, misreporting of research findings, and accounting for media transfer in…

Bracey, Gerald W.

1984-01-01

401

The alternating surface segmented lap joint: A design for thin highly loaded joints  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The combination of thin airfoil sections and high aerodynamic loads on many wind tunnel models presents a major problem for attachment of flap elements. Conventional methods of attaching fixed control elements such as lap and tongue-in-groove joints are not rigid enough to provide surface continuity required in high Reynolds number research. For the extreme cases, the solution has been to fabricate separate wings for each flap setting with the flap element being and integral part of the wing. Here an attractive solution to this problem, the alternating surface segmented lap joint, is discussed. This joint provides increased rigidity and lower stress levels than conventional joints. Additionally, attachment fastener loading is low and the joint can be designed to accommodate high shear levels due to bending without the use of dowel pins.

Watkins, V. E., Jr.; Firth, G. C.

1985-01-01

402

Ceramic joints for pressure sensors development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article describes the research work related to the ceramic joint quality evaluation, the thermal-structural analysis of ceramic joining and ceramic bond design and implementation. The role of ceramic material in electronics industry and motivation for joining ceramics is described in the introduction. Important directions for future research are summarized, with emphasis on the statistical determination of poor joint, and how the modification of a joint technology and process setting affects results and parameters that have been achieved. Main requirements for evaluating quality of joints are described in this paper together with the results of simulations of real ceramic joint application which is ceramic pressure sensor. During manufacturing process of this pressure sensor is one of the most critical part cooling process which was subjected to detail analysis due to number of failures and parasitic deformations revealed after removing assembled and joint pressure sensor from the oven. Our experimental results were evaluated by using the t-test before and after process cooling modification to verify their correctness.

Novotný, Radovan; Vlach, Radek; Kadlec, Jaroslav; Kuchta, Radek

2013-05-01

403

Recommendations for Meeting the Pediatric Patient's Need for a Clinical Pharmacist: A Joint Opinion of the Pediatrics Practice and Research Network of the American College of Clinical Pharmacy and the Pediatric Pharmacy Advocacy Group  

PubMed Central

Children warrant access to care from clinical pharmacists trained in pediatrics. The American College of Clinical Pharmacy Pediatrics Practice and Research Network (ACCP Pediatrics PRN) released an opinion paper in 2005 with recommendations for improving the quality and quantity of pediatric pharmacy education in colleges of pharmacy, residency programs, and fellowships. While progress has been made in increasing the availability of pediatric residencies, there is still much to be done to meet the direct care needs of pediatric patients. The purpose of this Joint Opinion paper is to outline strategies and recommendations for expanding the quality and capacity of pediatric clinical pharmacy practitioners by 1) elevating the minimum expectations for pharmacists entering practice to provide pediatric care; 2) standardizing pediatric pharmacy education; 3) expanding the current number of pediatric clinical pharmacists; and 4) creating an infrastructure for development of pediatric clinical pharmacists and clinical scientists. These recommendations may be used to provide both a conceptual framework and action items for schools of pharmacy, health care systems, and policymakers to work together to increase the quality and quantity of pediatric training, practice, or research initiatives.

Bhatt-Mehta, Varsha; Buck, Marcia L.; Chung, Allison M.; Farrington, Elizabeth Anne; Hagemann, Tracy M.; Hoff, David S.; LaRochelle, Joseph M.; Pettit, Rebecca S.; Phan, Hanna; Potts, Amy L.; Smith, Katherine P.; Parrish, Richard H.

2012-01-01

404

Proceedings from the second science team meeting of the United States of America Department of Energy and the People's Republic of China Academia Sinica Joint Research Program on CO/sub 2/-Induced Climate Change  

SciTech Connect

The six papers presented here as the proceedings of this second Joint CO/sub 2/ Research Team Meeting are examples of the research progress during the last two years. The first paper is documentation of the first numerical climate simulation model developed by the Institute of Atmospheric Physics in Beijing. Two papers from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's National Climatic Data Center at Asheville, North Carolina, demonstrate the work being done on the United States Historical Climatology Network data (the time series of temperature, precipitation, and sunshine) in the US. The fourth paper speaks of climate variability on a regional scale being much larger than that based on averages of global-wide data and therefore more difficult to predict. The China Precipitation Proxy Index covers a period of 510 years. This permits comparison of contemporary climate patterns (i.e., the last 100 years) with the period of the Little Ice Age when the mean temperature over China was 2/degree/ colder than present. The fifth paper is fascinating documentation of the effects of climate change upon the wild elephants whose habitat has shifted from as far north as Beijing, in historical times, to a currently small, sequestered section in the southwest corner of the country. The final paper demonstrates the pragmatic exchange of both data and technical assistance between the two countries.

Not Available

1988-06-01

405

Centre effect on treatment outcome for patients with untreated acute myelogenous leukaemia? An analysis of the AML 8A Study of the Leukemia Cooperative Group of the EORTC and GIMEMA. European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Leukemia Cooperative Group and the Gruppo Italiano Malattie Ematologiche Maligne dell'Adulto (GIMEMA).  

PubMed

In the AML 8A study patients were treated with remission-induction therapy followed by one consolidation course. Patients in complete remission (CR) were randomised between autologous bone marrow transplantation (ABMT) and a second intensive consolidation course, except for those with a histocompatible sibling donor, who received allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (alloBMT). This analysis was performed to determine whether centres which only performed induction and consolidation therapy, achieved similar results as centres who also performed transplantation. 542/676 (80%) from transplantation centres and 150/194 (77%) from referring centres achieved CR, with an early death rate of 5% and 11%, respectively (P = 0.01). 66% of patients with a donor from transplantation centres received alloBMT in first CR compared with 57% from referring centres (P = 0.2). Transplantation centres randomised 64% of patients without a donor, referring centres 47% (P = 0.04). The full protocol treatment was completed by 275/542 (51%) and 61/150 (41%) patients, respectively (P = 0.04). The overall survival rate at 6 years from diagnosis was 34% and 36%, respectively (P = 0.9). In conclusion, the type of centre did not appear to have an influence on overall survival. The feasibility of the study was acceptable for both types of centres. The referring centres applied more selection for transplantation. Despite a more intensive second-line treatment at transplantation centres, the overall outcome remained similar to that of referring centres. PMID:10673975

Keating, S; de Witte, T; Suciu, S; Mandelli, F; Damasio, E; Willemze, R; Morra, E; Amadori, S; Dardenne, M; Vegna, M L; Zittoun, R A

1999-10-01

406

Characteristics of low-carbon data centres  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Data centre services hold promise for reducing societal carbon emissions, but an imperfect and evolving portfolio of performance metrics obscures which data centre characteristics correspond to low-carbon operations. Meanwhile, policymakers face a pressing question: can we identify and promote tangible characteristics that reliably represent low-carbon data centres today while the world awaits better metrics? Fortunately, data centre energy models can provide actionable guidance. Here, we present results that identify such characteristics and illuminate the factors that govern a data centre's actual carbon performance. These results can help public and private sector policymakers accelerate the transition to a low-carbon Internet by aligning data centre incentives with factors that truly matter.

Masanet, Eric; Shehabi, Arman; Koomey, Jonathan

2013-07-01

407

MISR JOINT_AS Data  

MISR Data and Information Joint Aerosol Product (JOINT_AS) The MISR Level 3 Products are ... campaigns at daily and monthly time scales. The Joint Aerosol product provides a monthly global statistical summary of MISR Level 2 ...

2014-03-24

408

Cover For Duct Expansion Joint  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Size and shape of cover reduces stress and increases strength. Cover for expansion joints on duct-work seals tightly while accommodating movement of joint. Provides ample bonding area on both members of joint.

Brown, A. R.

1988-01-01

409

Mapping out Technological Capabilities in Research Institutions as Tool for Prospecting R&D Outsourcing Opportunities: A Methodology Developed for the R&D Centre of a Major Car Assembler  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper discusses the results of a project aimed at developing and testing a methodology for the identification, qualification and classification of capabilities of Brazilian research groups in technologies applicable to the automotive industry. The project was commissioned by Renault's Technocenter in Paris. The paper presents the context of the project, that is, the increasing de-centralization of R&D by multinational

R. Quadros; F. L. Consoni; R. C. Quintao; G. Vieira

2006-01-01

410

Berechnung radiologischer Auswirkungen potentiell schwerer Unfaelle auf dem Forschungsstandort Rossendorf mit dem Programm COSYMA. (Calculation of the radiological consequences of possible severe accidents on the site of the Rossendorf research centre using the COSYMA code).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Within the framework of a danger analysis which serves as a decision-finding basis for emergency planning, rarely expected severe accidents, which are not covered by design basis accidents, have to be considered at the Rossendorf research site with regard...

E. Franke

1994-01-01

411

Career Counselling in a Changing South Africa. Report on the Advanced Seminar of the Centre for Child and Adult Guidance of the Institute for Psychological and Edumetric Research (Republic of South Africa, September 16, 1987). Occasional Paper No. 40.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seminar papers included in this document are: (1) "Career Counselling in a Changing South Africa," the opening address by J. G. Garbers, president of the Human Science Research Council; (2) "Current Problems in Career Counselling: The Report of the National Manpower Commission" (I. J. van Zyl); (3) "The Present Economic Situation and Career…

Visser, M. J., Comp.

412

A Vector Space Model as a methodological approach to the Triple Helix dimensionality: A comparative study of Biology and Biomedicine Centres of two European National Research Councils from a Webometric view  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this paper is to propose a Vector Space Model as a new methodological approach which allows us to present the relationships between the elements of the Triple Helix Model (University, Industry, Government) in a spacial model by using the webpages of the National Research Councils of Germany and Spain as examples. Outlinks of the Biomedicine and Biology

José Luis Ortega Priego

2003-01-01

413

Appendicular joint dislocations.  

PubMed

This study defines the incidence and epidemiology of joint dislocations and subluxations of the appendicular skeleton. All patients presenting acutely to hospital with a dislocation or subluxation of the appendicular skeleton from a defined population were included in the study. There were 974 dislocations or subluxations over one year between the 1st November 2008 and the 31st October 2009. There was an overall joint dislocation incidence of 157/10(5)/year (188/10(5)/year in males and 128/10(5)/year in females). Males demonstrated a bimodal distribution with a peak incidence of 446/10(5)/year at 15-24 years old and another of 349/10(5)/year in those over 90 years. Females demonstrate an increasing incidence from the seventh decade with a maximum incidence of 520/10(5)/year in those over 90 years. The most commonly affected joints are the glenohumeral (51.2/10(5)/year), the small joints of the hand (29.9/10(5)/year), the patellofemoral joint (21.6/10(5)/year), the prosthetic hip (19.0/10(5)/year), the ankle (11.5/10(5)/year), the acromioclavicular joint (8.9/10(5)/year) and the elbow (5.5/10(5)/year). Unlike fractures, dislocations are more common in the both the most affluent and the most socially deprived sections of the population. Joint disruptions are more common than previously estimated. PMID:23433660

Hindle, Paul; Davidson, Eleanor K; Biant, Leela C; Court-Brown, Charles M

2013-08-01

414

Pressure vessel flex joint  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An airtight, flexible joint is disclosed for the interfacing of two pressure vessels such as between the Space Station docking tunnel and the Space Shuttle Orbiter bulkhead adapter. The joint provides for flexibility while still retaining a structural link between the two vessels required due to the loading created by the internal/external pressure differential. The joint design provides for limiting the axial load carried across the joint to a specific value, a function returned in the Orbiter/Station tunnel interface. The flex joint comprises a floating structural segment which is permanently attached to one of the pressure vessels through the use of an inflatable seal. The geometric configuration of the joint causes the tension between the vessels created by the internal gas pressure to compress the inflatable seal. The inflation pressure of the seal is kept at a value above the internal/external pressure differential of the vessels in order to maintain a controlled distance between the floating segment and pressure vessel. The inflatable seal consists of either a hollow torus-shaped flexible bladder or two rolling convoluted diaphragm seals which may be reinforced by a system of straps or fabric anchored to the hard structures. The joint acts as a flexible link to allow both angular motion and lateral displacement while it still contains the internal pressure and holds the axial tension between the vessels.

Kahn, Jon B. (inventor)

1992-01-01

415

Compliant Joints For Robots  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Compliant joints devised to accommodate misalignments of tools and/or workpieces with respect to robotic manipulators. Has characteristics and appearance of both universal-joint and cable-spring-type flexible shaft coupling. Compliance derived from elastic properties of short pieces of cable. Compliance of joint determined by lengths, distances between, relative orientations, thickness of strands, number of strands, material, amount of pretwist, and number of short pieces of cable. Worm-drive mechanism used to adjust lengths to vary compliance as needed during operation.

Kerley, James J., Jr.

1990-01-01

416

Joint Injection/Aspiration  

MedlinePLUS

... bursa or tendon sheath to treat bursitis and tendonitis, respectively. What benefit is derived from a joint ... conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, gout, tendonitis, bursitis and, occasionally, osteoarthritis. What usually is injected ...

417

Joint Contingency Contracting.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this Master of Business Administration (MBA) Professional Report is to investigate and analyze the means by which Contingency Contracting Officers (CCO) can effectively operate in a Joint contingency environment and to validate the Defense ...

E. K. Johnson B. H. Paton E. W. Threat L. A. Haptonstall

2005-01-01

418

Joint Aspiration (Arthrocentesis)  

MedlinePLUS

... arthritis, or JRA), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and Lyme disease. Joint aspiration is diagnostic but it also can ... Parents MORE ON THIS TOPIC Evaluate Your Child's Lyme Disease Risk Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis Living With Lupus Bones, ...

419

Acromioclavicular Joint Separations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Acromioclavicular (AC) joint separations are common injuries of the shoulder girdle, especially in the young and active population. Typically the mechanism of this injury is a direct force against the lateral aspect of the adducted shoulder, the magnitude...

F. Martetschlaeger P. J. Millett R. J. Warth T. R. Gaskill

2013-01-01

420

Heuristics for Joint Architecting.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

There is no question that Department of Defense and chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff directives have increased the development of operational and systems architectures. The DoD Architectural Framework (DoDAF) and its associated governing publications...

A. Piepkorn G. J. Miller J. Kennedy R. Mills T. Wieser

2006-01-01

421

Joint fluid Gram stain  

MedlinePLUS

Gram stain of joint fluid ... result means no bacteria are present on the Gram stain. Note: Normal value ranges may vary slightly ... Abnormal results mean bacteria were seen on the Gram stain. This may be a sign of a ...

422

An improved 2D model for bonded composite joints  

Microsoft Academic Search

A growing number of structural applications and repairs require strong adhesively bonded joints between composite parts. The viability of the finite elements method (FEM) for the design and analysis of such joints has been shown by several researchers (Composites 13(1982) 29, mechanics and mechanisms of damage in composites and multi-materials, ESIS11, Mechanical Engineering Publications, London, 1991, Structural adhesive joints in

Randolph A. Odi; Clifford M. Friend

2004-01-01

423

Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In May of 1999, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences hosted a conference on ways to improve the scientific quality of educational research. In medicine, thanks to work 40 years ago by 2 researchers, Howard Hyatt and Frederick Mosteller, the commitment of medical professionals to base their diagnoses and prescriptions on clinical trials in…

Raudenbush, Stephen

424

USSOCOM Research Topics 2010.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM) 2010 Research Topics list, produced by the Joint Special Operations University (JSOU), is intended to guide research projects for Professional Military Education (PME) students, JSOU faculty, research...

2010-01-01

425

Joint Contact Stress  

PubMed Central

A joint's normal mechanical history contributes to the maintenance of articular cartilage and underlying bone. Loading facilitates the flow of nutrients into cartilage and waste products away, and additionally provides the mechanical signals essential for normal cell and tissue maintenance. Deleteriously low or high contact stresses have been presumed to result in joint deterioration, and particular aspects of the mechanical environment may facilitate repair of damaged cartilage. For decades, investigators have explored static joint contact stresses (under some more or less arbitrary condition) as a surrogate of the relevant mechanical history. Contact stresses have been estimated in vitro in many joints and in a number of species, although only rarely in vivo. Despite a number of widely varying techniques (and spatial resolutions) to measure these contact stresses, reported ranges of static peak normal stresses are relatively similar from joint to joint across species, and in the range of 0.5 to 5.0 MPa. This suggests vertebrate diarthrodial joints have evolved to achieve similar mechanical design criteria. Available evidence also suggests some disorders of cartilage deterioration are associated with somewhat higher peak pressures ranging from 1-20 MPa, but overlapping the range of normal pressures. Some evidence and considerable logic suggests static contact stresses per se do not predict cartilage responses, but rather temporal aspects of the contact stress history. Static contact stresses may therefore not be a reasonable surrogate for biomechanical studies. Rather, temporal and spatial aspects of the loading history undoubtedly induce beneficial and deleterious biological responses. Finally, since all articular cartilage experiences similar stresses, the concept of a "weight-bearing" versus a "non-weight-bearing" joint seems flawed, and should be abandoned.

Brand, Richard A

2005-01-01

426

Prosthetic Joint Infections  

PubMed Central

Prosthetic joint infections represent a major therapeutic challenge for both healthcare providers and patients. This paper reviews the predisposing factors, pathogenesis, microbiology, diagnosis, treatment and prophylaxis of prosthetic joint infection. The most optimal management strategy should be identified based on a number of considerations including type and duration of infection, antimicrobial susceptibility of the infecting pathogen, condition of infected tissues and bone stock, patient wishes and functional status.

Aslam, Saima; Darouiche, Rabih O.

2012-01-01

427

The European standards of Haemophilia Centres  

PubMed Central

Introduction The European haemophilia community of professionals and patients has agreed on the principles of haemophilia care to address comprehensive optimal delivery of care which is nowadays scattered throughout Europe. Many of the health facilities call themselves Haemophilia Centres despite their variation in size, expertise and services provided. Only a small number of countries have Haemophilia Centre accreditation systems in place. Methods In the framework of the European Haemophilia Network project, following an inclusive process of stakeholder involvement, the European Guidelines for the certification of haemophilia centres have been developed in order to set quality standards for European Haemophilia Centres and criteria for their certification. Results The Guidelines define the standards and criteria for the designation of two levels of care delivery: European Haemophilia Treatment Centres, providing local routine care, and European Haemophilia Comprehensive Care Centres, providing specialised and multi-disciplinary care and functioning as tertiary referral centres. Additionally, they define standards about general requirements, patient care, provision of an advisory service and establishment of network of clinical and specialised services. Conclusions The implementation of the European Guidelines for the certification of Haemophilia Centres will contribute to the reduction of health inequalities through the standardisation of quality of care in European Union Member States and could represent a model to be taken into consideration for other rare disease groups.

Giangrande, Paul; Calizzani, Gabriele; Menichini, Ivana; Candura, Fabio; Mannucci, Pier Mannuccio; Makris, Michael

2014-01-01

428

Transformation at a community mental health centre  

Microsoft Academic Search

The community mental health centre affords an opportunity for psychodynamic practice that is both challenging and rewarding. The experience of psychoanalytic education and supervision at a suburban mental health centre is described in terms of its transformative effect on the participants and the clinical setting. A parallel clinical transformative process is illustrated through an extended vignette of one client's experience

David Kealy

2011-01-01

429

High pressure ceramic joint  

DOEpatents

Many recuperators have components which react to corrosive gases and are used in applications where the donor fluid includes highly corrosive gases. These recuperators have suffered reduced life, increased service or maintenance, and resulted in increased cost. The present joint when used with recuperators increases the use of ceramic components which do not react to highly corrosive gases. Thus, the present joint used with the present recuperator increases the life, reduces the service and maintenance, and reduces the increased cost associated with corrosive action of components used to manufacture recuperators. The present joint is comprised of a first ceramic member, a second ceramic member, a mechanical locking device having a groove defined in one of the first ceramic member and the second ceramic member. The joint and the mechanical locking device is further comprised of a refractory material disposed in the groove and contacting the first ceramic member and the second ceramic member. The present joint mechanically provides a high strength load bearing joint having good thermal cycling characteristics, good resistance to a corrosive environment and good steady state strength at elevated temperatures.

Ward, Michael E. (Poway, CA); Harkins, Bruce D. (San Diego, CA)

1993-01-01

430

High pressure ceramic joint  

DOEpatents

Many recuperators have components which react to corrosive gases and are used in applications where the donor fluid includes highly corrosive gases. These recuperators have suffered reduced life, increased service or maintenance, and resulted in increased cost. The present joint when used with recuperators increases the use of ceramic components which do not react to highly corrosive gases. Thus, the present joint used with the present recuperator increases the life, reduces the service and maintenance, and reduces the increased cost associated with corrosive action of components used to manufacture recuperators. The present joint is comprised of a first ceramic member, a second ceramic member, a mechanical locking device having a groove defined in one of the first ceramic member and the second ceramic member. The joint and the mechanical locking device is further comprised of a refractory material disposed in the groove and contacting the first ceramic member and the second ceramic member. The present joint mechanically provides a high strength load bearing joint having good thermal cycling characteristics, good resistance to a corrosive environment and good steady state strength at elevated temperatures. 4 figures.

Ward, M.E.; Harkins, B.D.

1993-11-30

431

Enhancement of Composite Scarf Joint Interface Strength Through Carbon Nanotube Reinforcement.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objective of this research is to investigate the potentially significant improvement to scarf joint bonding achieved through the dispersion of carbon nanotubes along the interface of the composite joint. The study examines various factors that may aff...

R. E. Slaff

2007-01-01

432

Modified joint probabilistic data association with classification-aided for multitarget tracking * * This project was supported by Defense Advanced Research Project “the Techniques of Information Integrated Processing and Fusion” in the Eleventh Five-Year Plan (513060302)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Joint probabilistic data association is an effective method for tracking multiple targets in clutter, but only the target kinematic information is used in measure-to-track association. If the kinematic likelihoods are similar for different closely spaced targets, there is ambiguity in using the kinematic information alone; the correct association probability will decrease in conventional joint probabilistic data association algorithm and track

Ba Hongxin; Cao Lei; He Xinyi; Cheng Qun

2008-01-01

433

A low-cost solution for the restoration of femoral head centre during total hip arthroplasty.  

PubMed

Restoration of joint centre during total hip arthroplasty is critical. While computer-aided navigation can improve accuracy during total hip arthroplasty, its expense makes it inaccessible to the majority of surgeons. This article evaluates the use, in the laboratory, of a calliper with a simple computer application to measure changes in femoral head centres during total hip arthroplasty. The computer application was designed using Microsoft Excel and used calliper measurements taken pre- and post-femoral head resection to predict the change in head centre in terms of offset and vertical height between the femoral head and newly inserted prosthesis. Its accuracy was assessed using a coordinate measuring machine to compare changes in preoperative and post-operative head centre when simulating stem insertion on 10 sawbone femurs. A femoral stem with a modular neck was used, which meant nine possible head centre configurations were available for each femur, giving 90 results. The results show that using this technique during a simulated total hip arthroplasty, it was possible to restore femoral head centre to within 6?mm for offset (mean 1.67?±?1.16?mm) and vertical height (mean 2.14?±?1.51?mm). It is intended that this low-cost technique be extended to inform the surgeon of a best-fit solution in terms of neck length and neck type for a specific prosthesis. PMID:23636755

Hill, Janet C; Salazar-Torres, Jose J; Orr, John F; Archbold, H A Pooler; Beverland, David E

2013-06-01

434

Validity of summing painful joint sites to assess joint-pain comorbidity in hip or knee osteoarthritis  

PubMed Central

Background Previous studies in patients with hip and knee osteoarthritis (OA) have advocated the relevance of assessing the number of painful joint sites, other than the primary affected joint, in both research and clinical practice. However, it is unclear whether joint-pain comorbidities can simply be summed up. Methods A total of 401 patients with hip or knee OA completed questionnaires on demographic variables and joint-pain comorbidities. Rasch analysis was performed to evaluate whether a sum score of joint-pain comorbidities can be calculated. Results Self-reported joint-pain comorbidities showed a good fit to the Rasch model and were not biased by gender, age, disease duration, BMI, or patient group. As a group, joint-pain comorbidities covered a reasonable range of severity levels, although the sum score had rather low reliability levels suggesting it cannot discriminate well among patients. Conclusions Joint-pain comorbidities, in other than the primary affected joints, can be summed into a joint pain comorbidity score. Nevertheless, its use is discouraged for individual decision making purposes since its lacks discriminative power in patients with minimal or extreme joint pain.

2013-01-01

435

Evaluation of fraction of absorbed photosynthetically active radiation products for different canopy radiation transfer regimes: Methodology and results using Joint Research Center products derived from SeaWiFS against ground-based estimations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper discusses the quality and the accuracy of the Joint Research Center (JRC) fraction of absorbed photosynthetically active radiation (FAPAR) products generated from an analysis of Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor (SeaWiFS) data. The FAPAR value acts as an indicator of the presence and state of the vegetation and it can be estimated from remote sensing measurements using a physically based approach. The quality of the SeaWiFS FAPAR products assessed in this paper capitalizes on the availability of a 6-year FAPAR time series over the full globe. This evaluation exercise is performed in two phases involving, first, an analysis of the verisimilitude of the FAPAR products under documented environmental conditions and, second, a direct comparison of the FAPAR values with ground-based estimations where and when the latter are available. This second phase is conducted following a careful analysis of problems arising for performing such a comparison. This results in the grouping of available field information into broad categories representing different radiative transfer regimes. This strategy greatly helps the interpretation of the results since it recognizes the various levels of difficulty and sources of uncertainty associated with the radiative sampling of different types of vegetation canopies.

Gobron, Nadine; Pinty, Bernard; Aussedat, OphéLie; Chen, Jing M.; Cohen, Warren B.; Fensholt, Rasmus; Gond, Valery; Huemmrich, Karl Fred; Lavergne, Thomas; MéLin, FréDéRic; Privette, Jeffrey L.; Sandholt, Inge; Taberner, Malcolm; Turner, David P.; Verstraete, Michel M.; Widlowski, Jean-Luc

2006-07-01

436

How do spinal cord injury centres manage malnutrition? A cross-sectional survey of 12 regional centres in the United Kingdom and Ireland  

Microsoft Academic Search

Study design:A multi-centre, cross-sectional survey.Objectives:To establish and compare the resources allocated against existing national standards, and to document current nutritional screening practices.Setting:Spinal cord injury centres (SCICs) in the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland.Methods:After obtaining research ethics committee approval, 12 SCICs in the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland were surveyed by a postal questionnaire. Data collected included

S Wong; F Derry; G Grimble; A Forbes

2012-01-01

437

Special Interest Centres. Planning Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The basic philosophy underlying many contemporary developments in educational theory and practice is the concept of "equal opportunity" within an education system as distinct from the older concept of "equal education" for all. This research project investigated alternative educational environments that could be designed to more effectively…

Wood, Jack M.

438

Microstructural characterization of titanium to 304 stainless steel brazed joints  

Microsoft Academic Search

The formation of intermetallic compounds in brazed joints between titanium and 304 stainless steel is of major concern, since they considerably degrade the joint properties. This research examined the vacuum brazing of commercially pure titanium to 304 stainless steel using two different silver-copper brazing filler metals. Pure copper and silver were used to prepare the brazing filler metals in these

P. R. C. Camargo; S. Liu; R. E. Trevisan

1993-01-01

439

Faculty Practice in Joint Appointments: Implications for Nursing Staff Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nursing faculty's joint appointments may involve clinical, research, or administrative roles. These dual responsibilities have many benefits but pose challenges in prioritizing work and dealing with workload increases and fatigue. Joint appointments give faculty the opportunity to provide staff development to clinical nurses. (SK)

Beitz, Janice M.; Heinzer, Marjorie M.

2000-01-01

440

Joint Interdisciplinary Earth Science Information Center.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report spans the three year period beginning in June of 2001 and ending June of 2004. Joint Interdisciplinary Earth Science Information Center's (JIESIC) primary purpose has been to carry out research in support of the Global Change Data Center and ot...

M. Kafatos

2004-01-01

441

A SDMS Model: Early Warning Coordination Centres  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Following the tsunami disaster in 2004, the General Secretary of the United Nations (UN) Kofi Annan called for a global early warning system for all hazards and for all communities. He also requested the ISDR (International Strategy fort Disaster Reduction) and its UN partners to conduct a global survey of capacities, gaps and opportunities in relation to early warning systems. The produced report, "Global survey of Early Warning Systems", concluded that there are many gaps and shortcomings and that much progress has been made on early warning systems and great capabilities are available around the world. However, it may be argued that an early warning system (EWS) may not be enough to prevent fatalities due to a natural hazard; i.e., it should be seen as part of a ‘wider' or total system. Furthermore, an EWS may work very well when assessed individually but it is not clear whether it will contribute to accomplish the purpose of the ‘total disaster management system'; i.e., to prevent fatalities. For instance, a regional EWS may only work if it is well co-ordinated with the local warning and emergency response systems that ensure that the warning is received, communicated and acted upon by the potentially affected communities. It may be argued that without these local measures being in place, a regional EWS will have little impact in saving lives. Researchers argued that unless people are warned in remote areas, the technology is useless; for instance McGuire [5] argues that: "I have no doubt that the technical element of the warning system will work very well,"…"But there has to be an effective and efficient communications cascade from the warning centre to the fisherman on the beach and his family and the bar owners." Similarly, McFadden [6] states that: "There's no point in spending all the money on a fancy monitoring and a fancy analysis system unless we can make sure the infrastructure for the broadcast system is there,"… "That's going to require a lot of work. If it's a tsunami, you've got to get it down to the last Joe on the beach. This is the stuff that is really very hard." Given the above, the paper argues that there is a need for a systemic approach to early warning centres. Systemic means looking upon things as a system; systemic means seeing pattern and inter-relationship within a complex whole; i.e., to see events as products of the working of a system. System may be defined as a whole which is made of parts and relationships. Given this, ‘failure' may be seen as the product of a system and, within that, see death/injury/property loss etc. as results of the working of systems. This paper proposes a preliminary model of ‘early warning coordination centres' (EWCC); it should be highlighted that an EWCC is a subsystem of the Systemic Disaster Management System (SDMS) model.

Santos-Reyes, Jaime

2010-05-01

442

Dissimilar metals joint evaluation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Dissimilar metals tubular joints between 2219-T851 aluminum alloy and 304L stainless steel were fabricated and tested to evaluate bonding processes. Joints were fabricated by four processes: (1) inertia (friction) weldings, where the metals are spun and forced together to create the weld; (2) explosive welding, where the metals are impacted together at high velocity; (3) co-extrusion, where the metals are extruded in contact at high temperature to promote diffusion; and (4) swaging, where residual stresses in the metals after a stretching operation maintain forced contact in mutual shear areas. Fifteen joints of each type were prepared and evaluated in a 6.35 cm (2.50 in.) O.D. size, with 0.32 cm (0.13 in.) wall thickness, and 7.6 cm (3.0 in) total length. The joints were tested to evaluate their ability to withstand pressure cycle, thermal cycle, galvanic corrosion and burst tests. Leakage tests and other non-destructive test techniques were used to evaluate the behavior of the joints, and the microstructure of the bond areas was analyzed.

Wakefield, M. E.; Apodaca, L. E.

1974-01-01

443

Periprosthetic Joint Infections  

PubMed Central

Implantation of joint prostheses is becoming increasingly common, especially for the hip and knee. Infection is considered to be the most devastating of prosthesis-related complications, leading to prolonged hospitalization, repeated surgical intervention, and even definitive loss of the implant. The main risk factors to periprosthetic joint infections (PJIs) are advanced age, malnutrition, obesity, diabetes mellitus, HIV infection at an advanced stage, presence of distant infectious foci, and antecedents of arthroscopy or infection in previous arthroplasty. Joint prostheses can become infected through three different routes: direct implantation, hematogenic infection, and reactivation of latent infection. Gram-positive bacteria predominate in cases of PJI, mainly Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis. PJIs present characteristic signs that can be divided into acute and chronic manifestations. The main imaging method used in diagnosing joint prosthesis infections is X-ray. Computed tomography (CT) scan may assist in distinguishing between septic and aseptic loosening. Three-phase bone scintigraphy using technetium has high sensitivity, but low specificity. Positron emission tomography using fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG-PET) presents very divergent results in the literature. Definitive diagnosis of infection should be made by isolating the microorganism through cultures on material obtained from joint fluid puncturing, surgical wound secretions, surgical debridement procedures, or sonication fluid. Success in treating PJI depends on extensive surgical debridement and adequate and effective antibiotic therapy. Treatment in two stages using a spacer is recommended for most chronic infections in arthroplasty cases. Treatment in a single procedure is appropriate in carefully selected cases.

Lima, Ana Lucia L.; Oliveira, Priscila R.; Carvalho, Vladimir C.; Saconi, Eduardo S.; Cabrita, Henrique B.; Rodrigues, Marcelo B.

2013-01-01

444

JIS - the Joint Information System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The main aim of JIS (Joint Information System) is to overcome the present lack of detailed knowledge amongst the European Solar Physics community. This lack of knowledge occurs at several levels: groups of researchers, institutions, scientific activities, running programs, resources, new opportunities, observational campaigns etc. JIS will not be data archives -- this is the aim of EGSO, but will provide all information mentioned above collecting all possible data about the institutes and scientists working in the field of solar physics. All European solar physicists will be provided with this information by means of an easy accessible webpage including different inquiry modes (query by country, university, institute, scientist and area of research). Until now such a system did not exist in Europe, but in foreseeable future a user-friendly and logical structured webpage will take on this task.

Hanslmeier, A.; Kienreich, I.; Palle, P.; Sosa, A.

445

The National Coding Centre--an overview.  

PubMed

Medical Record Administrators have been aware of the need for a National Coding Authority in Australia for many years. With the establishment of the National Reference Centre for Reference Centre for Classification in Health in 1991 and the subsequent call for tenders for the establishment of a Coding Authority the movement to develop much needed standards, improve data and coding quality began to take shape. This paper outlines the lead up to the call for tenders, the terms of reference and objectives of the Coding Centre, the proposed staff, and the work program for the first three years. PMID:10138776

Watson, P J

1993-12-01

446

CANadian Network and Centre for Trials INternationally (CANNeCTIN): A national network for Canadian-led trials in cardiovascular diseases and diabetes mellitus  

PubMed Central

The CANadian Network and Centre for Trials INternationally (CANNeCTIN) was jointly funded by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research and the Canadian Foundation for Innovation in April 2008 to provide infrastructure for clinical studies of cardiovascular diseases and diabetes mellitus. Its functional components include a national coordinating centre at the Population Health Research Institute (PHRI) in Hamilton (Ontario), a collaborative Canadian network and an affiliated international network of hospitals and clinics. The rationales for CANNeCTIN include the global health burden of cardiovascular diseases and diabetes, the strengths of randomized controlled trials – particularly large, multicentre and international – and the track record of success of the PHRI. CANNeCTIN will provide investigators from across Canada with opportunities to become the principal investigators of national and international trials coordinated by the PHRI. CANNeCTIN will support priority pilot studies, and successful investigators will be encouraged and assisted to apply for peer review and industrial funding for full studies to be conducted within the network and coordinated by the PHRI. An extensive education program offers hands-on experience in organizing and leading large national/international clinical trials led by accomplished researchers, distance learning courses in clinical research methodology, biostatistics and study coordination, and ‘cutting-edge’ workshops. A knowledge translation program seeks opportunities arising from clinical trials and encourages research into this paradigm for understanding how best to close the gaps between knowledge and effective practice. The five-year goals are to enhance the capacity of Canadian investigators to lead major clinical studies, facilitate knowledge translation and exchange, and augment Canada’s capacity to train the next generation of leaders in cardiovascular and diabetes clinical research.

Cairns, John A; Yusuf, Salim; Cook, Richard J; Cox, Jafna; Dagenais, Gilles R; Devereaux, PJ; McAlister, Finlay A; McCready, Tara

2010-01-01

447

Framework for Developing Leadership Skills in Child Care Centres in Queensland, Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There has been minimal Australian research focused on leadership and management aspects of directors' work in centre-based child care to date. In Australia, practices in early education have been drawn largely from studies in other cultural contexts, particularly research undertaken in the United States. It is timely that Australian research

Nupponen, Hanna

2006-01-01

448

Robotic Bladder Joint  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Reliable, lightweight robotic joint suitable for variety of applications, actuated hydraulically, without need for heavy mechanical cylinders or gears on joint itself. Includes two members; first member rotates about pin at end of second member. Includes cam, over which tension line stretched. Ends of tension line anchored at end of second member opposite end that holds pin. Bladder placed on each side of second member, squeezed between second member and tension line. Pressures and/or amounts of fluid in bladders controlled by use of conventional equipment like pumps, valves, and reservoirs. Bladder on one side inflated more than on other side; greater inflation on one side causes greater stretching of tension line on that side. Greater tension pulls on cam, turning first member toward that side. Angle of joint controlled by controlling differential inflation of two bladders.

Robertson, Glen A.

1995-01-01

449

Spherical Joint Piston and Connecting Rod Developed  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Under an interagency agreement with the Department of Energy, the NASA Lewis Research Center manages a Heavy-Duty Diesel Engine Technology (HDET) research program. The overall program objectives are to reduce fuel consumption through increased engine efficiency, reduce engine exhaust emissions, and provide options for the use of alternative fuels. The program is administered with a balance of research contracts, university research grants, and focused in-house research. The Cummins Engine Company participates in the HDET program under a cost-sharing research contract. Cummins is researching and developing in-cylinder component technologies for heavy-duty diesel engines. An objective of the Cummins research is to develop technologies for a low-emissions, 55-percent thermal efficiency (LE-55) engine. The best current-production engines in this class achieve about 46-percent thermal efficiency. Federal emissions regulations are driving this technology. Regulations for heavy duty diesel engines were tightened in 1994, more demanding emissions regulations are scheduled for 1998, and another step is planned for 2002. The LE-55 engine emissions goal is set at half of the 1998 regulation level and is consistent with plans for 2002 emissions regulations. LE-55 engine design requirements to meet the efficiency target dictate a need to operate at higher peak cylinder pressures. A key technology being developed and evaluated under the Cummins Engine Company LE-55 engine concept is the spherical joint piston and connecting rod. Unlike conventional piston and connecting rod arrangements which are joined by a pin forming a hinged joint, the spherical joint piston and connecting rod use a ball-and-socket joint. The ball-and-socket arrangement enables the piston to have an axisymmetric design allowing rotation within the cylinder. The potential benefits of piston symmetry and rotation are reduced scuffing, improved piston ring sealing, improved lubrication, mechanical and thermal load symmetry, reduced bearing stresses, reduced running clearances, and reduced oil consumption. The spherical joint piston is a monolithic, squeeze-cast, fiber-reinforced aluminum piston. The connecting rod has a ball end that seats on a spherical saddle within the piston and is retained by a pair of aluminum bronze holder rings. The holder rings are secured by a threaded ring that mates with the piston. As part of the ongoing research and development activity, the Cummins Engine Company successfully completed a 100-hr test of the spherical joint piston and connecting rod at LE- 55 peak steady-state engine conditions. In addition, a 100-hr transient cycle test that varied engine conditions between LE-55 no-load and LE-55 full-load was successfully completed.

1996-01-01

450

A Study for Degradation of Joint Asperity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Shear behavior of joint plane has been investigated by considering the level of normal stresses and initial surface roughness. For research about degradation in estimated joint planes, this study has been measured by performing the multi-stage shear test in which applied normal stress level has been increased stepwise. Specimens in used the test have been composed by three rock type, gneiss, granite and shale, under the Ai- 20 level. After the shear test, the asperity variation each rock type has been measured and influence of normal stress and initial surface roughness on sequential shear test has been analyzed.

KangMin, K.; Taechin, C.; Jaewook, S.

2013-12-01

451

Unesco Microfilm Deposit Centre in Japan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Centre for East Asian Cultural Studies (Tokyo) established in 1961 has been acting as a deposit center for Unesco microfilms of historical documents photographed in Asian countries since 1967. (Author)

Goto, A.

1971-01-01

452

District Information System of National Informatics Centre.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

National Informatics Centre (NIC), a project of the Government of India under the Department of Electronics, has been given the responsibility of creating appropriate information systems to facilitate the planning and decisionmaking process in the Ministr...

1987-01-01

453

Identity Theft: A Study in Contact Centres  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper explores the recent phenomenon of identity theft. In particular, it examines the contact centre environment as a mechanism for this to occur. Through a survey that was conducted amongst forty-five contact centre workers in the Glasgow area we determined that contact centres can and do provide a mechanism for identity theft. Specifically, we found a particularly high incidence of agents who had previously dealt with phone calls that they considered suspicious. Furthermore, there are agents within such environments who have previously been offered money in exchange for customers' details, or who know of fellow workers who received such offers. Lastly, we identify specific practices within contact centres that may contribute to the likelihood of identity theft.

Moir, Iain; Weir, George R. S.

454

Proceedings of the Third International Workshop on Jointed Structures.  

SciTech Connect

The Third International Workshop on Jointed Structures was held from August 16th to 17th, 2012, in Chicago Illinois, following the ASME 2012 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference. Thirty two researchers from both the United States and international locations convened to discuss the recent progress of mechanical joints related research and associated efforts in addition to developing a roadmap for the challenges to be addressed over the next five to ten years. These proceedings from the workshop include the minutes of the discussions and follow up from the 2009 workshop [1], presentations, and outcomes of the workshop. Specifically, twelve challenges were formulated from the discussions at the workshop, which focus on developing a better understanding of uncertainty and variability in jointed structures, incorporating high fidelity models of joints in simulations that are tractable/efficient, motivating a new generation of researchers and funding agents as to the importance of joint mechanics research, and developing new insights into the physical phenomena that give rise to energy dissipation in jointed structures. The ultimate goal of these research efforts is to develop a predictive model of joint mechanics.

Starr, Michael James; Brake, Matthew Robert; Segalman, Daniel Joseph; Bergman, Lawrence A. [University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL; Ewins, David J. [Imperial College London, London, UK

2013-08-01

455

The Western European Union Satellite Centre  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In January 1993, the FALCON consortium of 13 European companies, led by Cray Systems, won the contract to supply a turnkey satellite image processing facility to the Western European Union. The project started immediately and will be installed at WEU's Data Centre in Torrejon near Madrid in December 1993. This paper discusses the development of an idea for a Regional Satellite Monitoring Agency (RSMA) which will be realized in December 1993 when the Centre becomes fully operational.

Jasani, Bhupendra; Mara, Simon

1993-06-01

456

Regional centres for space science and technology education affiliated to the United Nations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Capacity-building efforts in space science and technology are a major focus of the activities of the Office of Outer Space Affairs. Such efforts include providing support to the regional centres for space science and technology education, affiliated to the United Nations, whose goal is to develop, through in-depth education, an indigenous capability for research and applications in the core disciplines of: (a) remote sensing and geographical information systems; (b) satellite communications; (c) satellite meteorology and global climate; and (d) space and atmospheric sciences and data management. The regional centres are located in Morocco and Nigeria for Africa, in Brazil and Mexico for Latin America and the Caribbean and in India for Asia and the Pacific. The overall policy-making body of each Centre is its Governing Board and consists of member States (within the region where the Centre is located), that have agreed, through their endorsement of the Centre's agreement, to the goals and objectives of the Centre. The United Nations Programme on Space Applications, with the support of prominent educators, has developed standard education curricula, which were adopted by the Centres for teaching each of the four core disciplines. Within the framework of the International Committee on global navigation satellite systems (ICG), which is established as an informal body for the purpose of promoting the use and application of global navigation satellite systems (GNSS) on a global basis, the Regional Centres will also be acting as the ICG Information Centres. The ICG Information Centres aim to foster a more structured approach to information exchange in order to fulfil the reciprocal expectations of a network between ICG and Regional Centres.

Gadimova, Sharafat

457

Microgravity Vibration Output Testing of Space Station Rotary Joints  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The mission of the International Space Station is to provide a working laboratory in orbit for research in engineering, life sciences, and microgravity. Ensuring that the mechanical equipment on Space Station does not unduly disturb the microgravity environment is of paramount importance in meeting the Station's mission. The large inertia being moved by the Space Station's solar array and thermal radiator rotary joints make them one of the largest potential disturbance sources. The present paper describes the mechanical and control system design of these joints, their disturbance producing characteristics, and analytical predictions of some key performance indicators. The component and system functional tests performed to measure the actual vibration output of the joints are detailed and the test results discussed. Results of the rotary joint test program presented here show that the joints do meet the Space Station microgravity requirements, ensuring that this unique laboratory for microgravity research will be unaffected by the operation of the largest moving machinery on board.

Boucher, Robert L.

1999-01-01

458

Temporomandibular joint arthrocentesis. Review of the literature  

PubMed Central

The treatment of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is still controversial. TMJ arthrocentesis represents a form of minimally invasive surgical treatment in patients suffering from internal derangement of the TMJ, especially closed lock. It consists of washing the joint with the possibility of depositing a drug or other therapeutic substance. Resolution of symptoms is due to the removal of chemical inflammatory mediators and changes in intra-articular pressure. Numerous clinical studies regarding this technique have been published. The goal of this paper is to review all clinical articles that have been published with regard to the critique of this technique. 19 articles with different designs fulfilling selection guidelines were chosen. A series of clinical and procedure variables were analyzed. Although the mean of improvement was higher that 80%, further research is needed to determine more homogeneous indications for TMJ athrocentesis. Key words:Temporomandibular joint, arthrocentesis, minimally invasive surgery.

Nitzan, Dorrit; Gonzalez-Garcia, Raul

2012-01-01

459

15 CFR 296.7 - Joint venture registration.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

Joint ventures selected for assistance under the Program must notify the Department of Justice and the Federal Trade Commission under section 6 of the National Cooperative Research Act of 1984, as amended (15 U.S.C....

2009-01-01

460

Measurement of Resistive Torques in Major Human Joints.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The major articulating joints which are considered are the shoulder, knee, hip, elbow and ankle. Due to drastic postmortem changes of the biomechanical response of the body tissues, the research is conducted with some obvious limitations on live human sub...

A. E. Engin

1979-01-01

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