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Last update: November 12, 2013.
1

Crime Research Centre  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Maintained by the Law School at the University of Western Australia, the Crime Research Centre houses substantial data as well as information on scholarly publications, conferences, related Web links, and public lectures pertaining to the study of crime in Western Australia. Data include comprehensive statistics for general crime in Western Australia from 1994 to 1999 (the 1999 statistics were recently posted) as well as statistics on domestic violence, trends in violent crime, and rural crime and safety in the state. In addition, the publications section provides tables of contents and ordering information for over two dozen research and scholarly reports and books on criminal justice issues. (We wish that the Centre would place online the full text of at least those reports listed as "out of print.") The links page appears comprehensive for its topic, though unannotated.

2

International Development Research Centre  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Development Research Centre (IDRC), a public corporation created by the Parliament of Canada, fosters social, environmental, and economic development worldwide by conducting research that produces the knowledge to solve problems. The IDRC Website is as deep as it is wide, providing access to lodes of information on development programs from its offices located in Ottawa, Singapore, Montevideo, Dakar, New Delhi, Cairo, and Johannesburg. The IDRC provides full-text publications (including several online books), research databases, project information, funding opportunities, and links to other valuable resources. The IDRC also contains a unique feature: The Resource Clock. The Clock tracks, in real-time, the increase of global population in opposition to the decrease in the amount of the world's arable land, offering a vivid reminder of humanity's impact upon the earth's ecosystems.

1998-01-01

3

National Centre for Social Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Center for Social Research is widely considered to be Britain's premier research group specializing in social surveys and qualitative research for the development and evaluation of public policy. Much of the centre's work is done on the behalf of various public organizations, such as research councils, charitable trusts, and foundations. At the homepage, visitors can read about the centre's various research units (such as the Survey Methods Centre), its respective methodologies and approaches, and recent work that has been conducted. One strong highlight of the site is the inclusion of a number of reports, organized thematically into such areas as leisure, housing, political attitudes, social security, and health. The papers truly run the gamut of social science research, including works titled Attitudes Towards Discrimination in Scotland, Low-Income Families and Household Spending, and Methodological Review of the Survey of English Housing (2003).

4

Effects of hip joint centre mislocation on gait analysis results  

Microsoft Academic Search

Methods to determine the hip joint centre (HJC) location are necessary in gait analysis. It has been demonstrated that the methods proposed in the literature involve large mislocation errors. The choice should be made according to the extent by which HJC location errors distort the estimates of angles and resultant moments at the hip and knee joints. This study aimed

Rita Stagni; Alberto Leardini; Aurelio Cappozzo; Maria Grazia Benedetti; Angelo Cappello

2000-01-01

5

Centre for Economic Policy Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The London-based Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR) is a European economics research organization with uniquely wide-ranging scope and activities including development of initiatives with the producers, consumers, and sponsors of research. The CEPR Website offers a searchable database of its publications (discussion papers, policy papers, reports and books, the CEPR Bulletin, and newsletter), information on its various research projects, data links (industrial, international trade, macroeconomics, labor, public policy), links to other European financial research organizations, and more. The text of the Bulletin and newsletter may be downloaded for free, while the other papers can be downloaded or ordered via subscription. The Hot Topics page covers issues related to the IMF, WTO, and EMU, economic growth and fluctuations in the European Union, regulation of network industries in Europe, etc. Meeting announcements, contact information for researchers, and a press page are also featured. Researchers and librarians, in particular, might wish to register a profile (free) allowing for online meeting registration, custom start pages, and email subscriptions. This site is worth a look by anyone interested in international economic policy.

6

Jointly Sponsored Research Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Cooperative Agreement DE-FC26-98FT40321 funded through the Office of Fossil Energy and administered at the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) supported the performance of a Jointly Sponsored Research Program (JSRP) at the Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC) with a minimum 50% nonfederal cost share to assist industry in commercializing and effectively applying highly efficient, nonpolluting

Everett A. Sondreal; John G. Hendrikson; Thomas A. Erickson

2009-01-01

7

University of Canterbury: Biomathematics Research Centre  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Stationed at the University of Canterbury in New Zealand, the Biomathematics Research Centre addresses contemporary problems in biology using mathematical, statistical, and computer science applications. Examples of ongoing research projects at the Biomathematics Research Centre include: statistical applications in ecology and medicine, computational molecular biology and phylogenetics, and analysis of dynamic biological processes using differential equations. The Centre website offers information about faculty, future conferences and workshops, and post-graduate scholarships. The site also contains a list of related links, and lists of publications and annual reports from 1998-2003.

8

Environmental Research and Training Centre.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The following aspects of the Environmental Research and Training Center (ERTC) are introduced: (1) Thailand took responsibility for land preparation, construction of access roads and fences, extension of electricity, telephone, and water supplies to the s...

P. Taranatham

1992-01-01

9

Hip joint centre localisation with an unscented Kalman filter.  

PubMed

The accurate estimation of the hip joint centre (HJC) in gait analysis and in computer assisted orthopaedic procedures is a basic requirement. Functional methods, based on rigid body localisation, assessing the kinematics of the femur during circumduction movements (pivoting) have been used for estimating the HJC. Localising the femoral segment only, as it is usually done in total knee replacement procedure, can give rise to estimation errors, since the pelvis, during the passive pivoting manoeuvre, might undergo spatial displacements. This paper presents the design and test of an unscented Kalman filter that allows the estimation of the HJC by observing the pose of the femur and the 3D coordinates of a single marker attached to the pelvis. This new approach was validated using a hip joint mechanical simulator, mimicking both hard and soft tissues. The algorithm performances were compared with the literature standards and proved to have better performances in case of pelvis translation greater than 8 mm, thus satisfying the clinical requirements of the application. PMID:22463592

Momi, Elena De; Beretta, Elisa; Ferrigno, Giancarlo

2012-03-30

10

The effect of elbow joint centre displacement on force generation and neural excitation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Joint centre displacement may occur following total elbow replacement due to aseptic loosening or surgical misalignment, and\\u000a has been linked to implant failure. In this study, the effects of joint centre displacement were examined using a neuromusculoskeletal\\u000a model of the elbow joint. Isometric contractions were simulated at a range of joint angles during elbow flexion and extension.\\u000a Displacement of the

Emer P. Doheny; Madeleine M. Lowery; Mark J. O’Malley; David P. FitzPatrick

2009-01-01

11

CONFERENCES AND SYMPOSIA: Commemoration of the centenary of the birth of Academician L A Artsimovich(Scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 18 February 2009; Joint session of the Research Council of the Russian Research Centre 'Kurchatov Institute', the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences, and the Rosatom State Corporation, 18 March 2009)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) devoted to the centenary of the birth of Academician L A Artsimovich was held on 18 February 2009 in the conference hall of the P N Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS. The following reports were presented at the session: (1) Khalatnikov I M (L D Landau Institute of Theoretical Physics, RAS, Chernogolovka, Moscow region) "Nonaccidental coincidences (Lev Andreevich Artsimovich)"; (2) Pashinin P P (A M Prokhorov Institute of General Physics, RAS, Moscow) "L A Artsimovich and inertial thermonuclear fusion"; (3) Fortov V E (Institute of Thermophysics of Extreme States of the Joint Institute for High Temperatures, RAS, Moscow) "High-power shock waves and extreme states of plasma"; (4) Fridman A M (Institute of Astronomy, RAS, Moscow) "Prediction and discovery of ultrastrong hydrodynamic instabilities caused by a velocity jump: theory and experiment"; (5) Smirnov V P (Russian Research Centre 'Kurchatov Institute', Moscow) "Retracing Artsimovich's path to the thermonuclear source of energy". On 18 March 2009, a joint session of the Learned Council of the Russian Research Centre 'Kurchatov Institute' (RNTsKI in Russ. abbr.), the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences, and the Rosatom State Corporation took place at RNTsKI; the session was devoted to the 100th anniversary of the birth of Academician L A Artsimovich. The following talks were presented at the session: (1) Velikhov E P (Russian Research Centre 'Kurchatov Institute', Moscow) "Academician L A Artsimovich—the founder of our field of science and industry"; (2) Smirnov V P (Russian Research Centre 'Kurchatov Institute', Moscow) "Retracing Artsimovich's path to the thermonuclear source of energy"; (3) Boyarchuk A A (Division of General Physics and Astronomy, RAS, Moscow) "L A Artsimovich and astronomy"; (4) Martynenko Yu V (Institute of Nuclear Fusion, Russian Research Centre 'Kurchatov Institute', Moscow) "Electromagnetic isotope separation method and its heritage"; (5) Strelkov V S (Institute of Nuclear Fusion, Russian Research Centre 'Kurchatov Institute', Moscow) "Our teacher: Lev Andreevich Artsimovich"; (6) Mirnov S V (Institute of Nuclear Fusion, Russian Research Centre 'Kurchatov Institute', Moscow) "L A Artsimovich through the eyes of a former postgraduate student". • Nonaccidental coincidences (Lev Andreevich Artsimovich), I M Khalatnikov Physics-Uspekhi, 2009, Volume 52, Number 12, Pages 1248-1249 • Avenues for the innovative development of energetics in the world and in Russia, V E Fortov, A A Makarov Physics-Uspekhi, 2009, Volume 52, Number 12, Pages 1249-1265 • Lev Andreevich Artsimovich and extremely strong hydrodynamic instabilities, A M Fridman Physics-Uspekhi, 2009, Volume 52, Number 12, Pages 1265-1266 • Electromagnetic isotope separation method and its heritage, Yu V Martynenko Physics-Uspekhi, 2009, Volume 52, Number 12, Pages 1266-1272

Khalatnikov, Isaak M.; Fortov, Vladimir E.; Makarov, Aleksandr A.; Fridman, Aleksei M.; Martynenko, Yurii V.

2009-12-01

12

Re-cataloging Joint Astronomy Centre (JAC) Library Book Collection  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Joint Astronomy Centre operates two telescopes: the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope and the United Kingdom Infrared Telescope. In the JAC's 25-year history, their library was maintained by a number of staff ranging from scientists to student assistants. This resulted in an inconsistent and incomplete catalog as well as a mixture of typed, hand written, and inaccurate call number labels. Further complicating the situation was a backlog of un-cataloged books. In the process of improving the library system, it became obvious that the entire book collection needed to be re-cataloged and re-labeled. Readerware proved to be an inexpensive and efficient tool for this project. The software allows for the scanning of barcodes or the manual input of ISBNs, LCCNs and UPCs. It then retrieves the cataloging records from a number of pre-selected websites. The merged information is then stored in a database that can be manipulated to perform tasks such as printing call number labels. Readerware is also ideal for copy cataloging and has become an indispensable tool in maintaining the JAC's collection of books.

Lucas, A.; Zhang, X.

2007-10-01

13

PIZnet, the joint Internet site for German patent information centres  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of the Arbeitsgemeinschaft Deutscher Patentinformationszentren e.V. (The Association of German Patent Information Centres) is to encourage the ongoing development of the centres and to achieve broader public dissemination of industrial property rights information. Since use of the Internet has steadily increased amongst wide sections of the public in recent years, and since patent offices have taken steps to

Michael Kuckartz

1999-01-01

14

Multifactorial estimation of hip and knee joint centres for clinical application of gait analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Estimation of joint centres is required in gait analysis for kinematic and kinetic elaboration. In general, the method is based on regression equations and palpation of bone prominences. A kinematic approach can also be used at the hip joint but appears to be more demanding for the patients. The method presented here combines different independent approaches and is aimed at

C Frigo; M Rabuffetti

1998-01-01

15

Profile: Manhica Health Research Centre (Manhica HDSS).  

PubMed

The Manhiça Health Research Centre, established in 1996 in a rural area of southern Mozambique, currently follows around 92 000 individuals living in approximately 20 000 enumerated and geo-positioned households. Its main strength is the possibility of linking demographic data and clinical data to promote and conduct biomedical research in priority health areas. Socio-demographic data are updated twice a year and clinical data are collected on a daily basis. The data collected in Manhiça HDSS comprises household and individual characteristics, household socio-economic assets, vital data, migration, individual health history and cause of death, among others. Studies conducted in this HDSS contributed to guide the health authorities and decision-making bodies to define or adjust health policies such as the introduction of Mozambique's expanded programme of immunization with different vaccines (Haemophilus influenzae type b, Pneumococcus) or the development of the concept of Intermittent Preventive Treatment for Infants (IPTi) that led to the World Health Organization recommendation of this method as best practice for the control of malaria among infants. Manhiça's data can be accessed through a formal request to Diana Quelhas (diana.quelhas@manhica.net) accompanied by a proposal that will be analysed by the Manhiça HDSS internal scientific and ethics committees. PMID:24159076

Sacoor, Charfudin; Nhacolo, Ariel; Nhalungo, Delino; Aponte, John J; Bassat, Quique; Augusto, Orvalho; Mandomando, Inácio; Sacarlal, Jahit; Lauchande, Natu; Sigaúque, Betuel; Alonso, Pedro; Macete, Eusébio

2013-10-01

16

COMPETING RESEARCH JOINT VENTURES IN PATENT RACES  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the last decay global competition has changed the way companies engage in R&D. Today, even the largest company could not rely on internally generated and financed research projects to compete in the world market. As a result joint research activities have become an increasing important business strategy among oligopolistic firms. Companies use the joint research efforts as new tools

Damiano Bruno SILIPO

17

Jointly Sponsored Research Program Energy Related Research  

SciTech Connect

Cooperative Agreement, DE-FC26-98FT40323, Jointly Sponsored Research (JSR) Program at Western Research Institute (WRI) began in 1998. Over the course of the Program, a total of seventy-seven tasks were proposed utilizing a total of $23,202,579 in USDOE funds. Against this funding, cosponsors committed $26,557,649 in private funds to produce a program valued at $49,760,228. The goal of the Jointly Sponsored Research Program was to develop or assist in the development of innovative technology solutions that will: (1) Increase the production of United States energy resources - coal, natural gas, oil, and renewable energy resources; (2) Enhance the competitiveness of United States energy technologies in international markets and assist in technology transfer; (3) Reduce the nation's dependence on foreign energy supplies and strengthen both the United States and regional economies; and (4) Minimize environmental impacts of energy production and utilization. Under the JSR Program, energy-related tasks emphasized enhanced oil recovery, heavy oil upgrading and characterization, coal beneficiation and upgrading, coal combustion systems development including oxy-combustion, emissions monitoring and abatement, coal gasification technologies including gas clean-up and conditioning, hydrogen and liquid fuels production, coal-bed methane recovery, and the development of technologies for the utilization of renewable energy resources. Environmental-related activities emphasized cleaning contaminated soils and waters, processing of oily wastes, mitigating acid mine drainage, and demonstrating uses for solid waste from clean coal technologies, and other advanced coal-based systems. Technology enhancement activities included resource characterization studies, development of improved methods, monitors and sensors. In general the goals of the tasks proposed were to enhance competitiveness of U.S. technology, increase production of domestic resources, and reduce environmental impacts associated with energy production and utilization. This report summarizes the accomplishments of the JSR Program.

Western Research Institute

2009-03-31

18

A relational conceptual framework for multidisciplinary health research centre infrastructure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although multidisciplinary and team-based approaches are increasingly acknowledged as necessary to address some of the most pressing contemporary health challenges, many researchers struggle with a lack of infrastructure to facilitate and formalise the requisite collaborations. Specialised research centres have emerged as an important organisational solution, yet centre productivity and sustainability are frequently dictated by the availability and security of infrastructure

Stephanie E Coen; Joan L Bottorff; Joy L Johnson; Pamela A Ratner

2010-01-01

19

University of British Columbia Centre for Plant Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of British Columbia (UBC) Centre for Plant Research website displays a simple, yet ambitious, mission statement: "To explore, explain, and maintain plant life on earth." The Centre is associated with the UBC Botanical Garden, and focuses on the following research themes: Evolution and Biodiversity; Evolutionary Genomics; Plant Biotechnology and Breeding; Plant Physiology and Biotic Interactions; and Phytochemistry. The Centre website links to information about faculty and research scientists, listings of selected publications, and brief summaries of ongoing research. The site's Resources section is geared specifically for researchers and connects to Forums, a Links Database, and a weblog. The site also lists postgraduate, postdoctoral, and employment opportunities when available.

20

Annual report 1989 (Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Bombay(India)).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The main thrust of various research and development activities of the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) is directed towards: (1) supporting nuclear power programme in all its aspects which include design of nuclear reactors, development of nuclear fuel...

1990-01-01

21

Repeatability assessment of functional methods to estimate the glenohumeral joint centre.  

PubMed

Functional methods can be used to determine the centre of rotation (CoR) of a ball-and-socket joint. The algorithms are used to locate rather the hip joint centre than the glenohumeral joint centre. The choice of the most suitable method depends especially on the intra- and inter-session repeatability of these methods. This paper aims at evaluating the intra- and inter-session repeatability of functional methods with which the glenohumeral joint rotation centre (GHRC) can be estimated in vivo. It also estimates the most suitable amplitude of functional movements. Five functional methods were tested: the algorithms of Gamage and Lasenby, bias compensation, symmetrical CoR estimation, normalisation method and helical axis. Ten subjects performed three cycles of three different movements (flexion-extension, abduction-adduction and circumduction). These movements were repeated three times with three different ranges of motion. Six subjects came back in order to evaluate the inter-session repeatability. For each test, the location of the GHRC was estimated by the five methods. The method to solve the functional problem and the range of functional movement affected the GHRC location. The results showed a good to excellent intra-session repeatability. The lowest repeatability error was found for the high amplitude whatever the methods used. The inter-session reliability was moderate. Finally, we suggest the use of functional methods with high amplitude movement in order to locate the GHRC with the best reliability. PMID:21806413

Lempereur, Mathieu; Brochard, Sylvain; Rémy-Néris, Olivier

2011-08-01

22

Cooperative Research Centres: The Concept and Its Implementation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Australia's Cooperative Research Centres Program, a system of 52 research and development (R&D) units, links researchers from public and private sectors, helping industry and scientific community coordinate research efforts. The program represents 6% of the national R&D effort and spans six major R&D and industry sectors. (MSE)

Slatyer, Ralph O.

1994-01-01

23

Ethical considerations during human centred overt and covert research  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the research process, several ethical issues have to be considered in ensuring the safety of the research participants.\\u000a This is especially true in the case of human centred research designs in which people, not objects are the focus of research.\\u000a This article reviews several of the issues that researchers should consider before, during and after the planning, implementation\\u000a and

J. P. van Deventer

2009-01-01

24

Novosibirsk Joint Research University of Advanced Technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The organization of Novosibirsk Joint Research University (NJRU) of Advanced Technologies created in 1997 is considered. It consists of six educational scientific centers and a center of training and retraining specialists of the highest qualification. Basic themes of research of each center are given

A. S. Vostrikov; V. I. Denisov; R. V. Ya

1998-01-01

25

Joint Center for Energy Storage Research  

ScienceCinema

The Joint Center for Energy Storage Research (JCESR) is a major public-private research partnership that integrates U.S. Department of Energy national laboratories, major research universities and leading industrial companies to overcome critical scientific challenges and technical barriers, leading to the creation of breakthrough energy storage technologies. JCESR, centered at Argonne National Laboratory, outside of Chicago, consolidates decades of basic research experience that forms the foundation of innovative advanced battery technologies. The partnership has access to some of the world's leading battery researchers as well as scientific research facilities that are needed to develop energy storage materials that will revolutionize the way the United States and the world use energy.

26

Scottish Schools Science Equipment Research Centre Bulletin No. 55.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Instructions for the construction of the following apparatus for the secondary school science laboratory are included in this issue of the Scottish Schools Science Equipment Research Centre Bulletin: a cheap water purifier using an expendable deionizer can; a simple amplifier suitable for detecting or displaying D. C. currents of 1 microamp or…

1972

27

European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Given their affiliation with the United Nations, it is not surprising that the European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research is well-known for their ambitious work on such topics as affordable housing, social integration, and disability welfare. While their homepage is a bit difficult to navigate at first, it does contain an all-inclusive Âsearch function, along with easy access to their in-house newsletter. After browsing around a bit, visitors may wish to proceed to the ÂResearch Areas section. Here they can take a look through some of their thematic research areas (such as labor markets and migrations), view a list of recent publications, and learn about the researchers working in each area. As might be expected, the Centre also sponsors a number of conventions and meetings, and visitors can also find out about these activities here, if they so desire.

28

Circles on pommel horse with a suspended aid: mass-centre rotation and hip joint moment.  

PubMed

This is the second study of the series, and its aim was to investigate the influence of using the suspended aid on circle kinetics. In addition to the kinematic data recorded for part one (Fujihara & Gervais, 2012), the pommel reaction forces and the force applied from the suspended aid (aid reaction force) were analysed in relation to the motion of a whole-body mass centre. The hip joint moment was also computed by combining all segments in the lower extremities into a single rigid segment. Generally, the use of the aid changed the magnitude of the mass-centre trajectory or horizontal pommel reaction forces but not their patterns. The results also showed that the net hip joint moment was altered during circles with the aid. In summary, a suspended aid can be used as a progression for a variety of goals because it allows gymnasts to practise circles which would not be possible without the aid. When a suspended aid is used, however, practitioners should be aware of the possible kinetic alteration caused by the external force from the aid. PMID:22697492

Fujihara, Toshiyuki; Gervais, Pierre

2012-06-15

29

DOE-EERC jointly sponsored research program  

SciTech Connect

U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Cooperative Agreement DE-FC21-93MC30098 funded through the Office of Fossil Energy and administered at the Federal Energy Technology Center (FETC) supported the performance of a Jointly Sponsored Research Program (JSRP) at the Energy and Environmental Research Center (EERC) with a minimum 50% nonfederal cost share to assist industry in commercializing and effectively applying efficient, nonpolluting energy technologies that can compete effectively in meeting market demands for clean fuels, chemical feedstocks, and electricity in the 21st century. The objective of the JSRP was to advance the deployment of advanced technologies for improving energy efficiency and environmental performance through jointly sponsored research on topics that would not be adequately addressed by the private sector alone. Examples of such topics include the barriers to hot-gas cleaning impeding the deployment of high-efficiency power systems and the search for practical means for sequestering CO{sub 2} generated by fossil fuel combustion. The selection of particular research projects was guided by a combination of DOE priorities and market needs, as provided by the requirement for joint venture funding approved both by DOE and the private sector sponsor. The research addressed many different energy resource and related environmental problems, with emphasis directed toward the EERC's historic lead mission in low-rank coals (LRCs), which represent approximately half of the U.S. coal resources in the conterminous states, much larger potential resources in Alaska, and a major part of the energy base in the former U.S.S.R., East Central Europe, and the Pacific Rim. The Base and JSRP agreements were tailored to the growing awareness of critical environmental issues, including water supply and quality, air toxics (e.g., mercury), fine respirable particulate matter (PM{sub 2.5}), and the goal of zero net CO{sub 2} emissions.

Hendrikson, J.G.; Sondreal, E.A.

1999-09-01

30

Research Centre for the Study of the Rogue Waves  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 2012, in Sakhalin (Russia) was established Research Center for the Study of the Rogue Waves. This center unites many known scientists, who study rogue waves. The center is founded by the following scientific organizations: - The Institute of Marine Geology and Geophysics of FEB RAS - The Far Eastern Federal University - Special Research Bureau for Automation of Marine Researches of FEB RAS - The Institute of Applied Physics of RAS - Shirshov Institute of Oceanology of RAS Heads this center Dr. Roman V. Shamin (Russia). Topics projects: - Probability of emergence of rogue waves - Finding of the sites of the Ocean most dangerous from the point of view of rogue waves - Assessment of risk of dangerous impact of rogue waves - and many others... Our Center is open for new participants from all countries. Our Centre have web-site: roguewaves.ru For contacts: center@roguewaves.ru (Dr. Roman Shamin)

Shamin, Roman

2013-04-01

31

Public priorities for joint pain research: results from a general population survey  

PubMed Central

Objective. We aimed to identify the priorities for joint pain research from a large general population survey and identify characteristics associated with these priorities. Methods. A question about research priorities was developed in collaboration with the Arthritis Research UK Primary Care Centre’s Research Users’ Group. The question was embedded in a postal survey to an existing cohort of adults with self-reported joint pain, aged ?56 years, in North Staffordshire. Respondents were asked to rank their top three priorities for research. Factor mixture modelling was used to determine subgroups of priorities. Results. In all, 1756 (88%) people responded to the survey. Of these, 1356 (77%) gave three priorities for research. Keeping active was rated the top priority by 38%, followed by research around joint replacement (9%) and diet/weight loss (9%). Two clusters of people were identified: 62% preferred lifestyle/self-management topics (e.g. keeping active, weight loss) and 38% preferred medical intervention topics (e.g. joint replacement, tablets). Those who preferred the medical options tended to be older and have hip or foot pain. Conclusion. This study has provided population data on priorities for joint pain research expressed by a large cohort of older people who report joint pain. The most popular topics for research were linked to lifestyle and self-management opportunities. Pharmaceutical and invasive interventions, despite being common topics of research, are of less importance to these respondents than non-medical topics. Specific research questions will be generated from this study with collaboration of the patient’s group.

Carter, Pam; Ong, Bie Nio; Bedson, John; Jordan, Kelvin P.; Jinks, Clare

2012-01-01

32

Jointly Sponsored Research Program. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The Jointly Sponsored Research Program (JSRP) is a US Department of Energy (DOE) program funded through the Office of Fossil Energy and administered at the Morgantown Energy Technology Center. Under this program, which has been in place since Fiscal Year 1990, DOE makes approximately $2.5 million available each year to the Energy and Environmental Research Center (EERC) to fund projects that are of current interest to industry but which still involve significant risk, thus requiring some government contribution to offset the risk if the research is to move forward. The program guidelines require that at least 50% of the project funds originate from nonfederal sources. Projects funded under the JSRP often originate under a complementary base program, which funds higher-risk projects. The projects funded in Fiscal Year 1996 addressed a wide range of Fossil Energy interests, including hot-gas filters for advanced power systems; development of cleaner, more efficient processing technologies; development of environmental control technologies; development of environmental remediation and reuse technologies; development of improved analytical techniques; and development of a beneficiation technique to broaden the use of high-sulfur coal. Descriptions and status for each of the projects funded during the past fiscal year are included in Section A of this document, Statement of Technical Progress.

NONE

1997-07-01

33

The CRC Contribution to Research Training: Report of a Scoping Study for the Cooperative Research Centres Association  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report summarises findings from a scoping study conducted for the Cooperative Research Centres Association (CRCA) by the Centre for the Study of Higher Education. The purpose of the scoping study is to inform the research training activities of Cooperative Research Centres (CRCs). While previous studies have focussed on the outcomes…

Palmer, Nigel

2012-01-01

34

Research Informed Science Enrichment Programs at the Gravity Discovery Centre  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Excursions to museums and science centres generally are great fun for students and teachers. The potential educational benefits beyond enjoyment, however, are rarely realised or analysed for their efficacy. The purpose of this paper is to describe four educational enrichment programs delivered at the Gravity Discovery Centre (GDC), near Gingin,…

Venville, Grady; Blair, David; Coward, David; Deshon, Fred; Gargano, Mark; Gondwe, Mzamose; Heary, Auriol; Longnecker, Nancy; Pitts, Marina; Zadnik, Marjan

2012-01-01

35

Kidney transplantations at King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre.  

PubMed

During the five year period from 1987G to 1991G, 161 kidney transplantations were performed at King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre (KFSH&RC); 79 from cadaveric donors (CD) and 82 from living related donors (LRD). All cadaveric kidneys except one were harvested within Saudi Arabia and 67% were from Saudi nationals. The immunosuppresive protocol was a triple drug regimen comprising cyclosporin-A (CyA), azathioprine (Aza), and prednisone. The actuarial graft survival rates at one and three years were 85% and 76% for the cadaveric donor transplants and 96% and 91%, respectively for the living related donor transplants (P<0.01). The corresponding patient survival rates for cadaveric donor transplants (CDTxs) were 97% and 94% and for the living related donor transplants (LRDTxs), 99% and 97% (NS). These results compare well with the best results in the Western world. The most serious surgical complications were vascular thromboses (five cases) and infections of the arterial anastomosis line with bleeding (two cases), all leading to loss of the cadaveric graft. The most common causes of death were virus infection, varicella, cytomegalovirus, and hepatitis B and C. The organ donation rate, from cadaveric donors as well as living related donors, is stil low in Saudi Arabia. Lack of organs is the main obstacle to an expansion of this promising transplantation activity. Continuous education of the multinational medical profession as well as the lay population is necessary to improve the situation. PMID:17589055

Lundgren, G; Al-Furayh, O; Akhtar, M; Barri, Y; Collste, H; Al-Meshari, K; Qunibi, W; Al-Sabban, E; Sanjad, S; Al-Shaibani, K; Sheth, K; Taher, S

1994-01-01

36

Transregional Collaborative Research Centre 32: Patterns in Soil-Vegetation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The soil, vegetation and the lower atmosphere (SVA) are key compartments of the Earth, where almost all activities of mankind take place. This region is characterized by extremely complex patterns, structures and processes that act at different temporal and spatial scales. While the exchange of energy, water and carbon is continuous between the different compartments, the pertinent fluxes are strongly heterogeneous and variable in space and time. The overarching TR32 paradigm is that the characterisation of structures and patterns will lead to a deeper qualitative and quantitative understanding of the SVA system, and ultimately to better predictions of the SVA state. The TR32 combines research groups in the field of soil and plant science, remote sensing, hydrology, meteorology and mathematics located at the Universities of Aachen, Bonn, Braunschweig and Cologne and the Research Centre Juelich study the soil-vegetation atmosphere system under the novel holistic paradigm of patterns. To understand the mechanisms leading to spatial and temporal patterns in energy and matter fluxes of the SVA system we link experiments and theory via model-observation integration. Focusing our research on the Rur Catchment (Germany), patterns are monitored since 2006 continuously using existing and novel geophysical and remote sensing techniques from the local to the catchment scale based on ground penetrating radar methods, induced polarization, radiomagnetotellurics, electrical resistivity tomography, boundary layer scintillometry, lidar techniques, microwave radiometry, and precipitation radars with polarization diversity. Modeling approaches involve high resolution numerical weather prediction (NWP; 400m) and hydrological models (few meters). Example work from the first phase includes the transfer of laboratory methods to the field; the measurements of patterns of soil-carbon, evapotranspiration and respiration measured in the field; catchment-scale modeling of exchange processes and the setup of an atmospheric boundary layer monitoring network. In the second phase (2011-2014), the focus is on the integration of models from the groundwater to the atmosphere for both the m- and km-scale and the extension of the experimental monitoring in respect to vegetation. The general coupled modeling concept is based on the atmospheric model COSMO, the land surface model CLM and the hydrological model ParFlow. In order to bridge the scale gaps in measurements and modelling an LES model will be validated via a dedicated field campaign.

Kollet, S. J.; Simmer, C.; Masbou, M.; Boessenkool, K.; Crewell, S.; Diekkruger, B.; Huber, K.; Klitzsch, N.; Koyama, C. N.; Vereecken, H.

2011-12-01

37

Towards Sustainable Research Capacity Development and Research Ownership for Academic Institutes in Developing Countries: The Malawian Research Support Centre Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In lesser-developed African countries, the lack of institutionalised support for research, combined with limited career opportunities and poor remuneration, have contributed to weak research infrastructure and capacity, and a continuing brain drain to developed countries. Malawi's Research Support Centre (RSC) model is novel in that it provides a…

Gomo, Exnevia; Kalilani, Linda; Mwapasa, Victor; Trigu, Chifundo; Phiri, Kamija; Schmidt, Joann; van Hensbroek, Michael Boele

2011-01-01

38

Joint Control: A Discussion of Recent Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The discrimination of the onset of joint control is an important interpretive tool in explaining matching behavior and other complex phenomena, but the difficulty of getting experimental control of all relevant variables stands in the way of a definitive experiment. The studies in the present issue of "The Analysis of Verbal Behavior" illustrate…

Palmer, David C.

2006-01-01

39

THE JOINT ESTABLISHMENT FOR NUCLEAR ENERGY RESEARCH REPROCESSING PILOT PLANT  

Microsoft Academic Search

A pilot plant for chemical processing of irradiated uranium has been ; erected at Joint Establishment for Nuclear Energy Research. A detailed ; description of the design of this installation and a report on operational ; experiences are presented. (auth);

T. J. Barendregt; L. K. Lund

1959-01-01

40

15 CFR 295.23 - Dissolution of joint research and development ventures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Dissolution of joint research and development ventures. 295.23...to United States Industry-Led Joint Research and Development Ventures § 295.23 Dissolution of joint research and development ventures. Upon...

2012-01-01

41

15 CFR 295.23 - Dissolution of joint research and development ventures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Dissolution of joint research and development ventures. 295.23...States Industry-Led Joint Research and Development Ventures § 295.23 Dissolution of joint research and development ventures. Upon...

2013-01-01

42

Fourth Annual Report of the European Research Centre for Air Pollution Control Measures.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

During the 8-10th of March 1988 the Fourth Status Report of the Project 'European Research Centre for Air Pollution Control Measures' took place at the Nuclear Research Centre Karlsruhe. From this report 31 progress reports on the topic assessment and ana...

F. Horsch W. G. Filby N. Fund S. Gross B. Hanisch

1988-01-01

43

Research and citation impact of publications by the Chemistry Division at Bhabha Atomic Research Centre  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper analyses the citations to 1733 publications published during 1970–1999 by the Chemistry Division at Bhabha Atomic\\u000a Research Centre, using Science Citation Index 1982–2003 as the source data. The extent of citations received, in terms of\\u000a the number of citations per paper, yearwise break up of citations, domainwise citations, self-citations and citations by others,\\u000a diachronous self-citation rate, citing authors,

B. S. Kademani; Vijai Kumar; Ganesh Surwase; Anil Sagar; Lalit Mohan; Anil Kumar; C. R. Gaderao

2007-01-01

44

Research joint ventures and the development of digital HDTV  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Cooperative Research Act of 1984 (NCRA) facilitated the creation of joint research and development ventures in the United States by diminishing the threat of antitrust litigation for selected cooperative research activities. This law enabled U.S. industry to move from a strictly competitive model to a more cooperative model in the development of new technologies, including those for electronic

Mark J. Braun

1995-01-01

45

Joint investigation of working conditions, environmental and system performance at recycling centres--development of instruments and their usage.  

PubMed

Recycling is a new and developing industry, which has only been researched to a limited extent. This article describes the development and use of instruments for data collection within a multidisciplinary research programme "Recycling centres in Sweden - working conditions, environmental and system performance". The overall purpose of the programme was to form a basis for improving the function of recycling centres with respect to these three perspectives and the disciplines of: ergonomics, safety, external environment, and production systems. A total of 10 instruments were developed for collecting data from employees, managers and visitors at recycling centres, including one instrument for observing visitors. Validation tests were performed in several steps. This, along with the quality of the collected data, and experience from the data collection, showed that the instruments and methodology used were valid and suitable for their purpose. PMID:19660737

Engkvist, I-L; Eklund, J; Krook, J; Björkman, M; Sundin, E; Svensson, R; Eklund, M

2009-08-05

46

Malaysian Supercomputer Research Centre Feasibility Study. Volume 4. Financial Evaluation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A feasibility study of a proposed new Malaysian Supercomputer Research Center (MSRC) was performed. The study includes market research, evaluation of technical alternatives, and financial performance studies. Volume IV summarizes the financial evaluation ...

1992-01-01

47

Joint Online Thesis and Research System (JOTARS).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this thesis is to develop a web-enabled database which facilitates research related connections and communication among Naval Postgraduate School (NPS) students, professors and DOD organizations. The proposed name for the prototype website ...

M. L. Cohn

2006-01-01

48

Peripheries and Centres: Research Universities in Developing Countries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The research university is a central institution of the 21st century--providing access to global science, producing basic and applied research, and educating key leaders for academe and society. Worldwide, there are very few research universities--they are expensive to develop and support, and the pressures of massification have placed priorities…

Altbach, Philip G.

2007-01-01

49

Budapest neutron centre user facilities at the modernized research reactor  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Budapest Research Reactor (BRR) was recently restarted after a major upgrading and operates at 10 megawatt nominal power\\u000a from November 1993. The reactor built in 1958, has been fully reconstructed and upgraded according to modern scientific, technological\\u000a and safety requirements. This unique important neutron source in Central Europe serves various purposes, such as basic and\\u000a applied research in physics,

L. Rosta

1994-01-01

50

Design and performance of a multi-centre randomised controlled trial and economic evaluation of joint tele-consultations [ISRCTN54264250  

PubMed Central

Background Appropriate information flow is crucial to the care of patients, particularly at the interface between primary and secondary care. Communication problems can result from inadequate organisation and training, There is a major expectation that information and communication technologies may offer solutions, but little reliable evidence. This paper reports the design and performance of a multi-centre randomised controlled trial (RCT), unparalleled in telemedicine research in either scale or range of outcomes. The study investigated the effectiveness and cost implications in rural and inner-city settings of using videoconferencing to perform joint tele-consultations as an alternative to general practitioner referral to the hospital specialist in the outpatient clinic. Methods Joint tele-consultation services were established in both the Royal Free Hampstead NHS Trust in inner London, and the Royal Shrewsbury Hospitals Trust, in Shropshire. All the patients who gave consent to participate were randomised either to joint tele-consultation or to a routine outpatients appointment. The principal outcome measures included the frequency of decision by the specialist to offer a follow-up outpatient appointment, patient satisfaction (Ware Specific Questionnaire), wellbeing (SF12) and enablement (PEI), numbers of tests, investigations, procedures and treatments. Results A total of 134 general practitioners operating from 29 practices participated in the trial, referring a total of 3170 patients to 20 specialists in ENT medicine, general medicine (including endocrinology, and rheumatology), gastroenterology, orthopaedics, neurology and urology. Of these, 2094 patients consented to participate in the study and were correctly randomised. There was a 91% response rate to the initial assessment questionnaires, and analysis showed equivalence for all key characteristics between the treatment and control groups. Conclusion We have designed and performed a major multi-centre trial of teleconsultations in two contrasting centres. Many problems were overcome to enable the trial to be carried out, with a considerable development and learning phase. A lengthier development phase might have enabled us to improve the patient selection criteria, but there is a window of opportunity for these developments, and we believe that our approach was appropriate, allowing the evaluation of the technology before its widespread implementation.

Wallace, Paul; Haines, Andrew; Harrison, Robert; Barber, Julie A; Thompson, Simon; Roberts, Jennifer; Jacklin, Paul B; Lewis, Leo; Wainwright, Paul

2002-01-01

51

Addiction Research Centres and the Nurturing of Creativity  

PubMed Central

The aim of this paper is to present a concise account of the history, mission, structure and some recent achievements of the US National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA). Created by the US Congress 40 years ago, the NIAAA has evolved from an entity charged mainly with building a national system of alcoholism treatment services to one with responsibility for developing, nurturing and supporting the biomedical and behavioral science foundation necessary to reduce the significant domestic and global public health impact of alcohol use disorders. The NIAAA is unique in that it functions both as a funding agency, supporting research at universities and other external, or ‘extramural’ research institutions, and is also a research institution itself, where alcohol research is carried out in-house, or ‘intramurally’. Of a $450.2 million 2009 Congressional Appropriation, approximately 90% was devoted toward the former and approximately 10% towards the latter objective. The current NIAAA Strategic Plan builds on a new organizing principle for long-range research planning, based on a life-span perspective that recognizes that human biology and behavior continue to change throughout life and changes occurring throughout the life-span affect individuals’ drinking patterns as well as the decisions they may make to change their drinking habits or to seek help for alcohol use problems. Within this framework, major efforts are currently being devoted to educating practitioners on clinically useful, science-based assessment and treatment methods that exist today, and development of personalized new treatments for tomorrow.

Heilig, Markus; Warren, Kenneth R.; Kunos, George; Silverman, Peter B.; Hewitt, Brenda G.

2010-01-01

52

Clinical research centre serves 70,000 patients annually.  

PubMed

The Bangladesh, ICDDR,B's Clinical Research Center (CPR) is described since its inception in 1960 as the former Dhaka Hospital. As 1 of 4 divisions, the CRC has increased admissions for diarrheal diseases, which is associated with the respect earned within the population, and averages 70,000/year. Included in the discussion is consideration of the objectives of the CRC and its predecessor, patient care, research, training, physical facilities, and new and other activities. Early research objectives were to find a better protocol for treatment of diarrheal diseases. Cholera and other diarrheal disease findings contributed to the formulation of an iv fluid for the treatment of severely dehydrated patients. Oral rehydration therapy (ORT) research was also conducted at the center. The cholera death rate with treatment has been reduced to 1%. 70% of patients are children under 15 years old and 65% have some malnutrition. Patients in general come from Dhaka city and suburbs, but they also come from outside the district. Current research focuses on clinical management and basic pathophysiological and nutritional issues; efforts are underway to develop a super oral rehydration solution to improve special diets, and to determine successful implementation strategies. Medical, paramedical, and health workers are trained in establishing diarrheal treatment and training programs in other locations and in research methodologies. The Public Health Institutes has increased capacity to include a 60-bed inpatient ward, an intensive care unit of 12 beds, a 120-bed observation unit, a 30-bed research ward, and a traveler's clinic. The research ward also has an office and laboratory facility and endoscopic facilities with computers, icemakers, centrifuge, deep freezers, and a biological safety hood for sample processing and storage. During epidemics the facilities are still inadequate. Water supply and air cooling and electronic precision weighing scales are available. The Child Health Program is a new effort to provide preventive care through immunization, health education and education on breast feeding, nutritional followup of malnourished children, family planning counseling, child health stimulation, and a small income generating project for mothers. A systematic 4% sampling of patients for surveillance is conducted. PMID:12286545

53

Progress Report (1980-1982) for the Chemistry Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Bombay, India.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The research and development (R and D) activities of the Chemistry Division of the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Bombay, during the period 1980-1982 are reported in the form of summaries. Basic research activities are being carried out in the areas of in...

R. P. Patel Prithvi Raj

1983-01-01

54

Technology Transfer in Canada: Research Parks and Centres of Excellence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two types of Canadian institutions (university-related research parks and Ontario's "centers of excellence") charged with fostering technology innovation and facilitating technology transfer between university and industry are described and compared. It is concluded that despite limitations, both play a positive role in enhancing technology…

Bell, Stephen; Sadlak, Jan

1992-01-01

55

The epidemiology of three serious cardiac defects. A joint study between five centres.  

PubMed

The paper reports a joint study made by five member programs of the International Clearinghouse for Birth Defects Monitoring Systems. Three specific heart malformations were studied, hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS), transposition of the great vessels (TGV), tetralogy of Fallot, and some epidemiological characteristics were analyzed. The prevalence at birth was estimated to be 2.0, 2.9, and 2.2 per 10,000 births, respectively. No time trend in the prevalence at birth was observed for any one of the three malformations in the total study population. When only isolated defects were considered (infants without major non-cardiac malformations), all three cardiac anomalies showed an increased rate in infants with low birth weight, short gestational duration and probably twinning. A preponderance for males was observed for each defect but was strongest among infants with tetralogy of Fallot (sex ratio 2.5 for Fallot, 1.4 to 1.5 for the other conditions). There were also differences between the three cardiac defects with respect to percentage of low birth weight, preterm births, and rate and type of associated extracardiac malformations. This paper stresses the advantage of pooling data from different registries in studies of uncommon specific malformations and infrequent characteristics. PMID:8150063

Francannet, C; Lancaster, P A; Pradat, P; Cocchi, G; Stoll, C

1993-11-01

56

Mycetoma herbal treatment: the Mycetoma Research Centre, Sudan experience.  

PubMed

It is still challenging and difficult to treat patients with eumycetoma; the current treatment has many side effects and has proven to be expensive and characterized by high recurrence rate, hence the poor patients' treatment compliance. Most of the patients are of low socio-economic status, have many financial constraints and hence, many of them rely on alternative and herbal medicine for the treatment of their disease. With this background, the current study was conducted to determine the prevalence of herbal medicine usage among patients with eumycetoma. This cross-sectional, observational, questionnaire-based study was conducted at the Mycetoma Research Center, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan. A convenience cohort of 311 patients with confirmed eumycetoma was invited to participate in the study after informed consent. The study showed that 42.4% of the study population used herbal medicine for the treatment of eumycetoma at some stage of their illness. The commonly used herbs were Moringa oleifera, Acacia nilotica, Citrullus colocynthis and Cuminum cyminum. Most of the patients claimed no benefits from the herbal treatment. Ninety one patients (29.3%) had encountered complications with herbal treatment. The high prevalence of herbal treatment encountered in the study can be explained by the patients' dissatisfaction with the current medical therapeutic modalities. To reduce the high prevalence of herbal medicine usage, governmental control and health policies are mandatory; likewise, native healers need to be educated in that. Moringa oleifera was the commonly used herb in this study and many reports claimed medicinal properties of this tree; hence, further in-depth studies to determine the active ingredients in the different parts of the tree and its effect are required. PMID:23991244

Ezaldeen, Eshraga A; Fahal, Ahmed Hassan; Osman, Anjom

2013-08-22

57

Applied Research Centres at South African Universities. The Relationship between 'Base' Internal Structures and Network 'Superstructures'  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article considers the way in which applied research centres and units at South African higher education institutions enhance their networks with industry, government and community organizations. The findings from 12 case studies of research groupings at higher education institutions in Cape Town support the author's argument for a more…

Cooper, David

2005-01-01

58

Feasibility Study for the Nuclear Research Centre of the Nuclear Energy Commission (Montevideo, Urguary).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The feasibility study was carried out in order to evaluate the possibility of building a Nuclear Research Centre in Uruguay, which would support a wide range of nuclear related technological activities. A market research was carried out, of the products t...

1985-01-01

59

What's in a rehab? Ethnographic evaluation research in Indigenous Australian residential alcohol and drug rehabilitation centres  

Microsoft Academic Search

Residential rehabilitation centres are a popular form of treatment for Indigenous Australians suffering from alcohol and drug misuse; however, there has been very little substantive research and evaluation in this area. Based on long-term ethnographic research, this study examines the informal aspects of a treatment programme in an Indigenous residential alcohol and drug rehabilitation service. Evaluation of such services often

Richard Chenhall

2008-01-01

60

Infusing Evaluative Thinking as Process Use: The Case of the International Development Research Centre (IDRC)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Until the recent introduction of a dynamic interview-based process, the International Development Research Centre (IDRC), a Canadian development research funding agency, faced a challenge: project completion reports (PCRs) were not being completed in a timely and quality manner. This is a common problem many organizations face in completing…

Carden, Fred; Earl, Sarah

2007-01-01

61

Micromechanism of failure in off-centre tensile loading of fusion welded joints in 1422 high-strength aluminium–lithium alloy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The results of the investigation of the micromechanisms of failure and special features of the morphology of fracture of various sections of fusion welded joints in 1422 aluminium–lithium alloy in relation to the position of the stress concentrator with respect to applied load in off-centre tensile loading are presented.

T. M. Labur; A. Ya. Ishchenko; T. G. Taranova; G. M. Grigorenko; V. A. Kostin; A. A. Chaika

2011-01-01

62

Micromechanism of failure in off-centre tensile loading of fusion welded joints in 1422 high-strength aluminium–lithium alloy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The results of the investigation of the micromechanisms of failure and special features of the morphology of fracture of various sections of fusion welded joints in 1422 aluminium–lithium alloy in relation to the position of the stress concentrator with respect to applied load in off-centre tensile loading are presented.

T. M. Labur; A. Ya. Ishchenko; T. G. Taranova; G. M. Grigorenko; V. A. Kostin; A. A. Chaika

2012-01-01

63

Disclosure of know-how in research joint ventures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research joint ventures (RJVs) usually face technical uncertainty, their expected cost typically depending on the know-how disclosed by the partners. However, the partners have little incentive to share their know-how when they are simultaneously competitors in other markets. In this setting, we show that sometimes profitable RJVs do not start when the disclosure of know-how is not contractible, and characterize

J. David Pérez-Castrillo; Joel Sandonís

1997-01-01

64

Joints  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Hinge joints move only in one direction, ball-and-socket joints are free to rotate in all directions, and gliding joints are able to move forward, backward, and side to side, but do not rotate freely.

Olivia Worland (Purdue University;Biological Sciences)

2008-06-06

65

Advancing critical care: joint combat casualty research team and joint theater trauma system.  

PubMed

Despite the severity and complexity of injuries, survival rates among combat casualties are equal to or better than those from civilian trauma. This article summarizes the evidence regarding innovations from the battlefield that contribute to these extraordinary survival rates, including preventing hemorrhage with the use of tourniquets and hemostatic dressings, damage control resuscitation, and the rapid evacuation of casualties via MEDEVAC and the US Air Force Critical Care Air Transport Teams. Care in the air for critically injured casualties with pulmonary injuries and traumatic brain injury is discussed to demonstrate the unique considerations required to ensure safe en route care. Innovations being studied to decrease sequelae associated with complex orthopedic and extremity trauma are also presented. The role and contributions of the Joint Combat Casualty Research Team and the Joint Theater Trauma System are also discussed. PMID:20683227

Bridges, Elizabeth; Biever, Kimberlie

66

Evidence of public engagement with science: visitor learning at a zoo-housed primate research centre.  

PubMed

Primate behavioural and cognitive research is increasingly conducted on direct public view in zoo settings. The potential of such facilities for public engagement with science is often heralded, but evidence of tangible, positive effects on public understanding is rare. Here, the effect of a new zoo-based primate research centre on visitor behaviour, learning and attitudes was assessed using a quasi-experimental design. Zoo visitors approached the primate research centre more often when a scientist was present and working with the primates, and reported greater awareness of primates (including conservation) compared to when the scientist was not present. Visitors also reported greater perceived learning when the scientist was present. Installation of information signage had no main effect on visitor attitudes or learning. Visitors who interacted with the signage, however, demonstrated increased knowledge and understanding when asked about the specific information present on the signs (which was related to the ongoing facial expression research at the research centre). The findings show that primate behaviour research centres on public view can have a demonstrable and beneficial effect on public understanding of science. PMID:23028580

Waller, Bridget M; Peirce, Kate; Mitchell, Heidi; Micheletta, Jerome

2012-09-13

67

Evidence of Public Engagement with Science: Visitor Learning at a Zoo-Housed Primate Research Centre  

PubMed Central

Primate behavioural and cognitive research is increasingly conducted on direct public view in zoo settings. The potential of such facilities for public engagement with science is often heralded, but evidence of tangible, positive effects on public understanding is rare. Here, the effect of a new zoo-based primate research centre on visitor behaviour, learning and attitudes was assessed using a quasi-experimental design. Zoo visitors approached the primate research centre more often when a scientist was present and working with the primates, and reported greater awareness of primates (including conservation) compared to when the scientist was not present. Visitors also reported greater perceived learning when the scientist was present. Installation of information signage had no main effect on visitor attitudes or learning. Visitors who interacted with the signage, however, demonstrated increased knowledge and understanding when asked about the specific information present on the signs (which was related to the ongoing facial expression research at the research centre). The findings show that primate behaviour research centres on public view can have a demonstrable and beneficial effect on public understanding of science.

Waller, Bridget M.; Peirce, Kate; Mitchell, Heidi; Micheletta, Jerome

2012-01-01

68

RESEARCH ARTICLE What's in a rehab? Ethnographic evaluation research in Indigenous Australian residential alcohol and drug rehabilitation centres  

Microsoft Academic Search

Residential rehabilitation centres are a popular form of treatment for Indigenous Australians suffering from alcohol and drug misuse; however, there has been very little substantive research and evaluation in this area. Based on long-term ethnographic research, this study examines the informal aspects of a treatment programme in an Indigenous residential alcohol and drug rehabilitation service. Evaluation of such services often

Richard Chenhall

69

Are R&D collaborators bound to compete? Experience from Cooperative Research Centres in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increasingly, research of potential socio-economic value is being conducted within cross-sector (government, university, business) inter-organizational networks. Such networks encourage innovation and learning by breaking down rigidities in existing institutions and by providing for ‘knowledge creation in the context of application’. In the process, new organizational forms for research and development (R&D) are emerging.\\u000aThe Cooperative Research Centre (CRC) is the

Samuel E. Garrett-Jones; T. Turpin; K. Diment

2006-01-01

70

Under Which Conditions Do Technology Intermediaries Enhance Firms' Innovation Speed? The Case of Belgium's Collective Research Centres  

Microsoft Academic Search

Knockaert M. and Spithoven A. Under which conditions do technology intermediaries enhance firms' innovation speed? The case of Belgium's collective research centres, Regional Studies. So far little research has analysed the role of technology intermediaries in enhancing firms' innovation speed. This research aims to fill this gap by studying a specific type of technology intermediary, namely the collective research centres

Mirjam Knockaert; André Spithoven

2012-01-01

71

Complementary Resources and Cooperative Research: A Model of Research Joint Ventures Among Competitors  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a model of research joint ventures in which if firms have highly complementary skills and resources then they prefer to cooperate in areas where the technology is highly appropriable, as in applied research. The model also indicates that large firms have a greater incentive to cooperate because they are better positioned to capture the benefits of a research

Deepak K. Sinha; Michael A. Cusumano

1991-01-01

72

Scottish Schools Science Equipment Research Centre, Bulletin No. 61, February 1973.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This bulletin of the Scottish Schools Science Equipment Research Centre provides information to teachers regarding the use of newly produced equipment such as an economical soldering iron, nickel cadmium cell, and a desk calculator. Useful information is also included for teachers on the use of electric coils and bicarbonate indicators. A…

Scottish Schools Science Equipment Research Centre, Edinburgh.

73

Scottish Schools Science Equipment Research Centre, Bulletin No. 65, August, 1973.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bulletin of the Scottish Schools Science Equipment Research Centre provides information to teachers on a variety of topics relating to the use of equipment in science instruction. The introductory remarks deal with some of the consequences of introducing package-deal science courses in underveloped countries and, in particular, discuss the…

Scottish Schools Science Equipment Research Centre, Edinburgh.

74

LeaRN: A Collaborative Learning-Research Network for a WLCG Tier3 Centre  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Department of Modern Physics of the University of Science and Technology of China is hosting a Tier-3 centre for the ATLAS experiment. A interdisciplinary team of researchers, engineers and students are devoted to the task of receiving, storing and analysing the scientific data produced by the LHC. In order to achieve the highest performance and to develop a knowledge

Elio Pérez Calle

2011-01-01

75

Scottish Schools Science Equipment Research Centre, Bulletin No. 65, August, 1973.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This bulletin of the Scottish Schools Science Equipment Research Centre provides information to teachers on a variety of topics relating to the use of equipment in science instruction. The introductory remarks deal with some of the consequences of introducing package-deal science courses in underveloped countries and, in particular, discuss the…

Scottish Schools Science Equipment Research Centre, Edinburgh.

76

Scottish Schools Science Equipment Research Centre, Bulletin No. 57, August 1972.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This bulletin of Scottish Schools Science Equipment Research Centre provides information about new scientific equipment for use in classrooms and laboratories. The sciences covered are biology, chemistry, and physics. The pieces of equipment can either be purchased from manufacturers or constructed in schools. All descriptions include advantages…

Scottish Schools Science Equipment Research Centre, Edinburgh.

77

Scottish Schools Science Equipment Research Centre, Bulletin No. 63, May, 1973.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This bulletin of the Scottish Schools Science Equipment Research Centre provides information to teachers on a variety of topics relating to the use of equipment in science instruction. An editorial opinion argues that science curricula developed in England should not be adopted unchanged in overseas countries (such as Iran), but should be…

Scottish Schools Science Equipment Research Centre, Edinburgh.

78

Exploring human centred approaches in market research and product development: three case studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

How can human centred approaches in market research and product development improve the process and results of innovation? Based on case studies two recommendations are formulated: 1) use a comprehensive view on man for studying people's behaviour, needs and wishes while they use products or services; and 2) employ an open dialogue and cooperation between the project's client, people in

Marc Steen; Nicole de Koning; Arlette Pikaart

2004-01-01

79

A student?centred tutor?led approach to teaching research methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many institutions acknowledge that students find courses in research methods difficult and challenging. To overcome the problems associated with teaching this subject we have replaced the traditional didactic teaching approach, which did not facilitate student learning, optimize student achievement or adequately prepare students for their dissertation, with a student?centred, tutor?led approach. Staff training is an inherent part of the new

Dawn F. Edwards; Joanne Thatcher

2004-01-01

80

Scottish Schools Science Equipment Research Centre, Bulletin No. 58, September 1972.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of the bulletin contains four major topics. The first is a discussion of problems involved in establishing good communication with science teachers concerning the activities of the Scottish Schools Science Equipment Research Centre (SSSERC) via exhibitions throughout Scotland. The second, headed "Biology Notes," presents a discussion of…

Scottish Schools Science Equipment Research Centre, Edinburgh.

81

Strengthening Responsive and Reciprocal Relationships in a Whanau Tangata Centre: An Action Research Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This project came about after discussions with the general manager of the Wellington Region Free Kindergarten Association and Jeanette Clarkin-Phillips (University of Waikato) about setting up a research partnership to support the teachers at Taitoko Kindergarten in Levin. The teachers were establishing an integrated community centre (the whanau…

Clarkin-Phillips, Jeanette; Carr, Margaret

2009-01-01

82

Scottish Schools Science Equipment Research Centre, Bulletin No. 64, July, 1973.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This bulletin of the Scottish Schools Science Equipment Research Centre provides information to teachers on a variety of topics relating to the use of equipment in science instruction. The introductory remarks deal with an assessment of electronic calculators suitable for use in schools. The section entitled "Physics Notes" lists surplus physics…

Scottish Schools Science Equipment Research Centre, Edinburgh.

83

On the Impact Assessment of ACIAR (Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research) Projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current ACIAR (Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research) guidelines for impact assessment of agricultural development projects see impact assessment as being useful for both accountability to stakeholders and as a learning tool to find out what works, what doesn’t work and why. The methodology involves the use of conventional economic evaluation and the estimation of a money metric based

John Spriggs; Robert J. Farquharson; Bob Martin

2010-01-01

84

Celebration of the success of distributed research with schools: the cem centre, Durham  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Curriculum, Evaluation and Management (CEM) Centre has grown in just 25 years to become the largest educational research unit in a UK university. It has influenced schools and teachers in unprecedented numbers and has had a considerable impact on policy and practice both directly and indirectly in the UK and beyond. This article summarises this growth and points to

Peter Tymms; Robert Coe

2003-01-01

85

Annual Progress Report for 1982 of Theoretical Reactor Physics Section, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Bombay, India.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The progress of work done in the Theoretical Reactor Physics Section of the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Bombay, during the calendar year 1982 is reported in the form of write-ups and summaries. The main thrust of the work has been to master the neutron...

B. P. Rastogi V. Kumar

1983-01-01

86

Hydrodynamic testing of underwater vehicles at the Australian Maritime Engineering Cooperative Research Centre  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Australian Maritime Engineering Cooperative Research Centre, in collaboration with the Defence Science and Technology Organisation (DSTO) and Curtin University, has been involved in the determination of the hydrodynamic characteristics of uninhabited underwater vehicles (UUV) used by the Royal Australian Navy and the offshore oil and gas industry. These characteristics are essential for the design of low level motion controllers

Andrew Heron; Alec Duncan; Brendon Anderson

2000-01-01

87

Producing ‘industry?ready’ doctorates: Australian Cooperative Research Centre approaches to doctoral education  

Microsoft Academic Search

How the experience of science?based Ph.D. students working in or funded by Australian Cooperative Research Centres (CRCs) compares with their peers in regular university science?based departments is the key focus of this article. CRC doctoral programmes that integrate industry needs with professional development offer an alternative to traditional research training, emphasizing producing ‘industry?ready’ graduates with a broader educational experience linked

Kay M. Harman

2004-01-01

88

DEVELOPING NATIONAL RESEARCH TEAMS: A CASE STUDY WITH THE JOINTED GOATGRASS RESEARCH PROGRAM  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Weed scientists are facing research problems, such as invasive weeds, that may require multi-disciplinary approaches to solve. One example is jointed goatgrass, a winter annual grass invading winter wheat fields and not easily managed with conventional control tactics. A national research program ...

89

Assessing public engagement with science in a university primate research centre in a national zoo.  

PubMed

Recent years have seen increasing encouragement by research institutions and funding bodies for scientists to actively engage with the public, who ultimately finance their work. Animal behaviour as a discipline possesses several features, including its inherent accessibility and appeal to the public, that may help it occupy a particularly successful niche within these developments. It has also established a repertoire of quantitative behavioural methodologies that can be used to document the public's responses to engagement initiatives. This kind of assessment is becoming increasingly important considering the enormous effort now being put into public engagement projects, whose effects are more often assumed than demonstrated. Here we report our first attempts to quantify relevant aspects of the behaviour of a sample of the hundreds of thousands of visitors who pass through the 'Living Links to Human Evolution Research Centre' in Edinburgh Zoo. This University research centre actively encourages the public to view ongoing primate research and associated science engagement activities. Focal follows of visitors and scan sampling showed substantial 'dwell times' in the Centre by common zoo standards and the addition of new engagement elements in a second year was accompanied by significantly increased overall dwell times, tripling for the most committed two thirds of visitors. Larger groups of visitors were found to spend more time in the Centre than smaller ones. Viewing live, active science was the most effective activity, shown to be enhanced by novel presentations of carefully constructed explanatory materials. The findings emphasise the importance and potential of zoos as public engagement centres for the biological sciences. PMID:22496822

Bowler, Mark T; Buchanan-Smith, Hannah M; Whiten, Andrew

2012-04-04

90

[R]MIT Research Centre at Delft University of Technology: A Bridge between Research, Education, Society and Profession  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 2006, we launched the [R]MIT Research Centre (Modification, Intervention Transformation) at the Faculty of Architecture at Delft University of Technology. [R]MIT was founded to respond to the need for an integrated, multi-disciplinary approach to the transformation of the built environment. [R]MIT aims to bring momentum to the renewal of…

Zijlstra, Hielkje

2009-01-01

91

IFLA General Conference, 1991. Workshops' Papers: Section of Geography and Map Libraries; Section of Art Libraries; Section of Children's Libraries joint with RT of Research in Reading; Children's Literature Documentation Centres (RT); Section of Libraries for the Blind joint with Section of Interlending and Document Delivery; Section of Government Information and Official Publications; Section of Information Technology; Professional Board Working Group on Management. Booklet 9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 29 papers in this collection were presented at 9 conference workshops: "Inset Maps and Proposals for Their Description" (V. Kusov); "The Utilization of the Old Maps in Modern Researches" (H. Melnikova); (3) "New Series of Maps for Higher Schools: Their Role in the Cartographic Provision for the Higher Education" (O. Yevteyev); "The…

International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions, The Hague (Netherlands).

92

Research and Development Activities of the Neutron Physics Division (Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Bombay, India) for the Period January 1981 to December 1981.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Research and development activities of the Neutron Physics Division of the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Bombay, during 1981 are reported in the form of individual summaries. These are presented under headings: Purnima laboratories, crystallography, mate...

S. Bhakay-Tamhane F. Roy

1982-01-01

93

New directions for international retail joint venture research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper contends that a range of questions arising from the geographical and organizational dynamics of international retail joint ventures have been bypassed by studies in the international retail field. It argues that, despite its importance as a corporate growth strategy, comparatively less is known about the way in which retailers have employed joint ventures in international markets. Based on

Mark Palmer; Martin Owens

2006-01-01

94

Addiction research centres and the nurturing of creativity; the Research Institute on Addictions, University at Buffalo.  

PubMed

The Research Institute on Addictions (RIA) was established in 1970 as a research component of the New York State Department of Mental Hygiene. After three decades of serving as a research component of New York State agencies concerned with alcohol and substance abuse, RIA was legislatively transferred to the University at Buffalo in 1999. Today, RIA's cadre of senior research scientists are engaged individually and collaboratively on a multitude of addictions-related studies. The majority of the Institute's ongoing research studies relate to one or more of the following seven broad research domains: causes and consequences of alcohol, marijuana and other drug use; biological and neuroscience; gambling behavior; gender-related studies; dissemination and professional training; treatment; and youth, families and relationships. In this paper, an overview of the structure of the Institute is provided, along with a description of the organizational and scientific culture at RIA. Further information about the Institute, its scientists and its activities can be found at http://www.ria.buffalo.edu. PMID:21470324

Connors, Gerard J; Walitzer, Kimberly S

2011-04-07

95

Oil shale, tar sand, coal research, advanced exploratory process technology jointly sponsored research  

SciTech Connect

Accomplishments for the quarter are presented for the following areas of research: oil shale, tar sand, coal, advanced exploratory process technology, and jointly sponsored research. Oil shale research includes; oil shale process studies, environmental base studies for oil shale, and miscellaneous basic concept studies. Tar sand research covers process development. Coal research includes; underground coal gasification, coal combustion, integrated coal processing concepts, and solid waste management. Advanced exploratory process technology includes; advanced process concepts, advanced mitigation concepts, and oil and gas technology. Jointly sponsored research includes: organic and inorganic hazardous waste stabilization; development and validation of a standard test method for sequential batch extraction fluid; operation and evaluation of the CO[sub 2] HUFF-N-PUFF Process; fly ash binder for unsurfaced road aggregates; solid state NMR analysis of Mesa Verde Group, Greater Green River Basin, tight gas sands; flow-loop testing of double-wall pipe for thermal applications; characterization of petroleum residue; shallow oil production using horizontal wells with enhanced recovery techniques; and menu driven access to the WDEQ Hydrologic Data Management Systems.

Not Available

1992-01-01

96

Institutional profile: The Carney Centre for Pharmacogenomics: a New Zealand focus for personalized medicine research.  

PubMed

The integration of genetics and genomics with pharmacology and clinical medicine has enriched our understanding of all of these disciplines and is steadily providing a more complete picture of the etiology, pathophysiology and treatment of disease. To capitalize on this new knowledge requires the ability to evaluate the underlying evidence base and to test the utility of any proposed pharmacogenetic or genomic approaches to personalized medicine, within local or regional healthcare structures. The Carney Centre for Pharmacogenomics is now in its eighth year of operation, and although small by international standards, it has proven to be a valuable focus for research, training and dissemination of such knowledge in New Zealand and beyond. By focusing predominantly on research and training, the center has raised awareness about the value and limitations of pharmacogenetics and pharmacogenomic approaches. PMID:22676191

Kennedy, Martin A; Joyce, Peter R; Begg, Evan J

2012-06-01

97

Marine research in Greece and the additional Greek marine research centres: Progress and present situation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Greece, as is known, has a coastline of 17 000 km, and over 2000 small and large islands. As expected, the quest of humankind for new sources of matter and energy has been focussed on the sea, with fishery being its primary interest. A number of philosophers and scientists have been involved in the study of this vast ecosystem since ancient times (Aristotle). The political, social and geographical upheavals witnessed in the Greek area, have, however resulted in bringing all these activities to a halt. The first contemporary research work commenced at the end of the 18th century/beginning of the 19th — with marine flora and fauna as its starting point. The first investigations had, of course, been limited to random collections of marine material done in the frame of international exploratory expeditions. Studies became more systematic by the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century, with priority being given to the animal kingdom (fish, molluscs, etc.). Investigation of the marine phytobenthos (macrophyceae, phytoplankton) was to follow. The past 40 years research has been more extensive, not limited only to biogeographical evaluations, but also having expanded to physiological and ecological levels. The relevant institutes of Greek universities have all the while watched and contributed to this effort. Today, this kind of research is being supported by the N.M.R.C., the Center of Marine Research, University of Crete, and two research boats which sail the Greek seas. In the ever-changing world, the study of marine flora and fauna has certainly made great progress; however, there are still two big problems to be faced. The first deals with increasing pollution of the seas, the second, with the difficulties in finding and affording adequate financial resources that would enable a more detailed and complete execution of this research work.

Haritonidis, S.

1995-03-01

98

Oil shale, tar sand, coal research advanced exploratory process technology, jointly sponsored research  

SciTech Connect

Accomplishments for the past quarter are presented for the following five tasks: oil shale; tar sand; coal; advanced exploratory process technology; and jointly sponsored research. Oil shale research covers oil shale process studies. Tar sand research is on process development of Recycle Oil Pyrolysis and Extraction (ROPE) Process. Coal research covers: coal combustion; integrated coal processing concepts; and solid waste management. Advanced exploratory process technology includes: advanced process concepts;advanced mitigation concepts; and oil and gas technology. Jointly sponsored research includes: organic and inorganic hazardous waste stabilization; CROW field demonstration with Bell Lumber and Pole; development and validation of a standard test method for sequential batch extraction fluid; PGI demonstration project; operation and evaluation of the CO[sub 2] HUFF-N-PUFF Process; fly ash binder for unsurfaced road aggregates; solid state NMR analysis of Mesaverde Group, Greater Green River Basin, tight gas sands; flow-loop testing of double-wall pipe for thermal applications; characterization of petroleum residue; shallow oil production using horizontal wells with enhanced oil recovery techniques; surface process study for oil recovery using a thermal extraction process; NMR analysis of samples from the ocean drilling program; in situ treatment of manufactured gas plant contaminated soils demonstration program; and solid state NMR analysis of naturally and artificially matured kerogens.

Speight, J.G.

1992-01-01

99

JRC (Joint Research Centre) Ispra Fusion Reactor Materials Test and Development Facility,  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The authors conclude that spallation neutrons are simulating the Fusion Reactor First Wall conditions as well as the D(1+)--Li or the 14 MeV neutron sources. Therefore, they propose the construction of a spallation neutron source based on a 600 MeV, 6 mA ...

W. Kley G. R. Bishop

1986-01-01

100

UTILIZATION OF THE LIGHT ION CYCLOTRON OF THE JOINT RESEARCH CENTRE AT ISPRA (VA) ZTALY  

Microsoft Academic Search

A large number of materials tests in the sco- pe of the European FuEiOn Technology Pi-O- gramme are presently under way, including: - irradiation of stainless steel samples for post-irradiation measurements of mechanical properties, - in-beam creep and in-beam fatigue crack growth experiments, - foundamental radiation studies on ceramics, steel, vanadium alloys, and other materials, - helium implantation ,nto steel

P. van der Hardt; M. Castiglioni; B. Weckermann

101

Extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis: experience at the Tuberculosis Research Centre, Chennai, India.  

PubMed

Ten extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) patients were identified among 104 human immunodeficiency virus negative multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) patients treated at the Tuberculosis Research Centre, Chennai, India, in two different cohorts between 1999-2003 and 2006-2007. They were managed with individualised treatment regimens. At the time of diagnosis of MDR-TB, one patient had XDR-TB and three had initial ofloxacin resistance. One patient who had had a lobectomy in addition to chemotherapy became bacteriologically negative, three died, three defaulted and the remaining three, who are bacteriologically positive, are still continuing treatment. Although based on a small number of patients, our results have not been encouraging. PMID:22283888

Thomas, A; Joseph, P; Nair, D; Rao, D V B; Rekha, V V B; Selvakumar, N; Jaggarajamma, K; Balambal, R

2011-10-01

102

Modernization of the vacuum system of synchrotron radiation sources at the National Research Centre Kurchatov Institute  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The modernization project of the vacuum system of the synchrotron radiation source at the National Research Centre Kurchatov Institute (NRC KI) has been designed and is being implemented; it includes a change in the system to high-voltage power sources for NMD and PVIG-0.25/630 pumps. The system is controlled via the CAN bus, and the vacuum is controlled by measuring pump currents in a range of 0.0001-10 mA. The system ensures a vacuum of 10-7 Pa. The status is mapped and the data collected into the archive are processed on the MS SQL Server platform. The efficiency and reliability of the vacuum system is increased by this work, making it possible to improve the main parameters of the SR source.

Moseiko, N. I.; Krylov, Yu. V.; Moseiko, L. A.; Odintsov, D. G.; Semenov, B. I.; Shirokov, A. V.

2012-07-01

103

Examining the impact of health research facilitated by small peer-reviewed research operating grants in a women's and children's health centre  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: There has been limited research on the impact of research funding for small, institutional grants. The IWK Health Centre, a children and women's hospital in Maritime Canada, provides small amounts (up to $15,000) of research funding for staff and trainees at all levels of experience through its Research Operating Grants. These grants are rigorously peer-reviewed. To evaluate the impact

Andrew J Caddell; Jill E Hatchette; Patrick J McGrath

2010-01-01

104

Jinr University Centre  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

More than ten years ago, joint Order of the Ministries of Education and Atomic Energy No. 28/33 was signed on January 16, 1991. It was titled "On Providing Staff for Research and Applied Work in Nuclear Physics, Elementary Particle Physics, Condensed Matter Physics, and High-Temperature Superconductivity." This Order initiated the specialized education on the basis of JINR of graduate students from Moscow State University (MSU), Moscow Engineering Physics Institute (MEPI), and, a little later, Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT). On the grounds of this Order, the University Centre (the UC) was established, whose 10th anniversary was celebrated on March 21, 2001.

Ivanova, Svetlana

2005-09-01

105

Status and Integrated Road-Map for Joints Modeling Research  

SciTech Connect

The constitutive behavior of mechanical joints is largely responsible for the energy dissipation and vibration damping in weapons systems. For reasons arising from the dramatically different length scales associated with those dissipative mechanisms and the length scales characteristic of the overall structure, this physics cannot be captured adequately through direct simulation of the contact mechanics within a structural dynamics analysis. The only practical method for accommodating the nonlinear nature of joint mechanisms within structural dynamic analysis is through constitutive models employing degrees of freedom natural to the scale of structural dynamics. This document discusses a road-map for developing such constitutive models.

SEGALMAN, DANIEL J.; SMALLWOOD, DAVID ORA; SUMALI, HARTONO; PAEZ, THOMAS L.; URBINA, ANGEL

2003-03-01

106

Increasing children's participation in African transport planning: reflections on methodological issues in a child-centred research project  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the potential for applying child-centred research methodologies which involve children doing their own research (with adult facilitators) within a transport and mobility context in West Africa. Relatively little attention has been paid to the transport needs of the poor and powerless within African transport policy and planning: the specifics of children and young people's transport and mobility

Gina Porter; Albert Abane

2008-01-01

107

Review of experimental studies of the dynamics of light liners at the Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The results of experimental studies on the implosion of liners by megaampere currents that were carried out in the Department of Relativistic Beams of the Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute are reviewed. The main line of research was to study the possibility of realizing the liner-converter (or liner-target) scheme proposed by L.I. Rudakov.

Kalinin, Yu. G.

2003-07-01

108

Determination of effective university–industry joint research for photovoltaic technology transfer (UIJRPTT) in Thailand  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most of the literatures related to university–industry (U–I) and technology transfer assume that the collaboration particularly the U–I joint research is beneficial to both university and industry which as a result underpins the sustainable development of economics and living standards of developed and developing countries. The U–I joint research for photovoltaic technology transfer in a developing country like Thailand should

Pornpimol Sugandhavanija; Sukruedee Sukchai; Nipon Ketjoy; Sakol Klongboonjit

2011-01-01

109

Programs of Experiments with Critical Assemblies at the Russian Research Centre 'Kurchatov Institute'  

SciTech Connect

The paper gives a brief overview of benchmark experiments that have been performed and are being performed at the Russian Research Centre 'Kurchatov Institutes' (RRC KIs), satisfy requirements of the International Criticality Safety Benchmark Evaluation Project (ICSBEP), and have been published or will be published in the 'International Handbook of Evaluated Criticality Safety Benchmark Experiments'. These experiments include critical experiments in water-moderated facilities pertaining to substantiation of reactor physics for VVER-type light water reactors with uranium enrichments varying from natural uranium to {approx}6.5%; in heterogeneous critical assemblies with a widely varying uranium enrichment (from 5 to 96%) for small nuclear power systems of various applications; in critical assemblies with a uranyl sulfate solution core; and in critical assemblies simulating peculiarities of high-temperature gas-cooled reactors (HTGR), RBMK physics, etc.A list of critical assemblies currently in operation at RRC KI is given. Future experimental programs are briefly described; their implementation, if based on the ICSBEP requirements, will be useful for the international community. Using RRC KI as an example, it is demonstrated that Russian nuclear centers maintain capabilities for carrying out a wide range of new critical experiments, including international cooperation in this area.

Bykov, A.A.; Gagarinski, A.Yu.; Glushkov, E.S.; Kravchenko, Yu.A.; Kukharkin, N.E.; Pavlov, D.; Ponomarev-Stepnoi, N.N. [Kurchatov Institute (Russian Federation)

2003-10-15

110

The WHO Collaborating Centre for Research and Control of Schistosomiasis at Niamey, Niger.  

PubMed

The Centre de Recherche sur les Méningites et les Schistosomes (CERMES) is a research institute depending on the Organisation de Coordination et de Coopération pour la lutte contre les Grandes Endémies--a West African Organization for Public Health--devoted to the studies on schistosomiasis and meningitis. The staff includes 32 persons with 11 scientists and one financial officer. The activities of the CERMES involving schistosomiasis concern three research units: (a) ecology of human and animal schistosomiasis transmission; the CERMES defined the different patterns of schistosomiasis transmission in Niger (involving African dry savana); in this field, we have shown, (i) the existence of important variability in conditions of transmission of S. haematobium and, (ii) natural hybridization between parasitic species of the ruminants (S. bovis and S. curassoni) and genetic interaction between human and animal parasites; (b) definition of morbidity indicators usable for rapid assessment methods, for appraisal of the severity of the disease and for the evaluation of the efficiency of control methods; we have established the correlation between ultrasonographic data and some cheap and simple field indicators; (c) immune response and protective immunity induced by recombinant glutathion S-transferase (Sm28, Sb28 and Sh28) in homologous and heterologous animal models including goats, sheep and non human primates (Erythrocebus patas). In Niger, we participate in all control programs against schistosomiasis to define control strategies, to supervise operations and to participate in their evaluation with external experts. International collaborations constitute a frame including four laboratories in Africa and six laboratories in developed countries (Europe and USA). PMID:9566246

Chippaux, J P; Boulanger, D; Brémond, P; Campagne, G; Véra, C; Sellin, B

111

When Triple Helix Unravels: A Multi-Case Analysis of Failures in Industry-University Cooperative Research Centres  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Cooperative research centres (CRCs) increasingly foster Triple Helix (industry-university-government) collaboration and represent significant vehicles for cooperation across sectors, the promotion of knowledge and technology transfer and ultimately the acceleration of innovation. A growing social science literature on CRCs focuses on their…

Gray, Denis; Sundstrom, Eric; Tornatzky, Louis G.; McGowen, Lindsey

2011-01-01

112

Using Art Installations as Action Research to Engage Children and Communities in Evaluating and Redesigning City Centre Spaces  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses learning from a project that set out to explore how the general public perceived the value of public art in the context of urban regeneration of a city centre space. Whilst not set up explicitly as an action research project, the paper discusses the way in which participatory public art projects of this kind can be understood…

Percy-Smith, Barry; Carney, Clare

2011-01-01

113

Historical Waste Retrieval and Clean-up Operations at Nuclear facility no.56, at the Cadarache Nuclear Research Centre  

Microsoft Academic Search

Among the different activities of the CEA research centre in Cadarache, located in the south of France, one of the most important involves cleaning, cleansing dismantling, decommissioning, and recovery of legacy wastes. This presentation will give an overview of the waste retrieval project from the historical interim storage facility called INB 56. The project is divided into three different sub-projects:

Santucci

2008-01-01

114

Using Art Installations as Action Research to Engage Children and Communities in Evaluating and Redesigning City Centre Spaces  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper discusses learning from a project that set out to explore how the general public perceived the value of public art in the context of urban regeneration of a city centre space. Whilst not set up explicitly as an action research project, the paper discusses the way in which participatory public art projects of this kind can be understood…

Percy-Smith, Barry; Carney, Clare

2011-01-01

115

Jointly sponsored research program. Annual report, January 1995--December 1995  

SciTech Connect

This document provides a brief summary of research, carried out by the University of North Dakota Energy and Environmental Research Center, in areas pertaining to coal, pollution control, petroleum wastes, and gasoline.

NONE

1996-03-01

116

Oil shale, tar sand, coal research, advanced exploratory process technology, jointly sponsored research  

SciTech Connect

Progress made in five research programs is described. The subtasks in oil shale study include oil shale process studies and unconventional applications and markets for western oil shale.The tar sand study is on recycle oil pyrolysis and extraction (ROPE) process. Four tasks are described in coal research: underground coal gasification; coal combustion; integrated coal processing concepts; and sold waste management. Advanced exploratory process technology includes: advanced process concepts; advanced mitigation concepts; and oil and gas technology. Jointly sponsored research covers: organic and inorganic hazardous waste stabilization; CROW field demonstration with Bell Lumber and Pole; development and validation of a standard test method for sequential batch extraction fluid; PGI demonstration project; operation and evaluation of the CO[sub 2] HUFF-N-PUFF process; fly ash binder for unsurfaced road aggregates; solid state NMR analysis of Mesaverde group, Greater Green River Basin, tight gas sands; flow-loop testing of double-wall pipe for thermal applications; shallow oil production using horizontal wells with enhanced oil recovery techniques; NMR analysis of sample from the ocean drilling program; and menu driven access to the WDEQ hydrologic data management system.

Not Available

1992-01-01

117

Joint nuclear safety research projects between the US and Russian Federation International Nuclear Safety Centers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Russian Federation Ministry for Atomic Energy (MINATOM) and the US Department of Energy (USDOE) formed international Nuclear Safety Centers in October 1995 and July 1996, respectively, to collaborate on nuclear safety research. Since January 1997, the two centers have initiated the following nine joint research projects: (1) INSC web servers and databases; (2) Material properties measurement and assessment; (3)

S. E. Bougaenko; A. E. Kraev; D. L. Hill; J. C. Braun; A. E. Klickman

1998-01-01

118

Joint Venture Manufacturing in China-Key Opportunities for Operations Management Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT International joint venture,manufacturing,is important,for both,the Chinese economy and the large number,of foreign companies,which,are investing,in China. A literature survey,investigated,previous,research,in this area from,both,Western,and,Chinese researchers,(and published,in either English or Chinese). By reviewing,the extant

Zhang Lihong; Keith Goffin

119

Joint DOE-PNC Research on the Use of Transparency in Support of Nuclear Nonproliferation  

SciTech Connect

PNC and LANL collaborated in research on the concept of transparency in nuclear nonproliferation. The research was based on the Action Sheet No.21, which was signed in February 1996, ''The Joint Research on 'Transparency' in Nuclear Nonproliferation'' under the ''Agreement between the Power Reactor and Nuclear Fuel Development Corporation of Japan (PNC) and the US Department of Energy (DOE) for Cooperation in Research and Development Concerning Nuclear Material Control and Accounting Measures for Safeguards and Nonproliferation.'' The scope of the research was a fundamental study on transparency to clarify the means to improve worldwide acceptability of nuclear energy from a nuclear nonproliferation viewpoint. The research encompassed three main topics: the policy environment of transparency, the development of transparency options, and technical options for transparency. Each side performed independent research; then joint workshops were held to exchange information and views. This paper summarizes the results of these workshops.

Mochiji, T.; Tazaki, M.; Keeney, R.; Puckett, J.; Stanbro, W.; Nakhleh, C.

1998-10-01

120

Acarological diagnostic research at the Diagnostic Centre for Plants during the period 2004-2006.  

PubMed

During the period 2004-2006, 1691 samples of different origin were examined at the Diagnostic Centre for Plants. We received 1046 samples of imported plant material for detection and identification of quarantine organisms. More than 200 samples were checked on mites and insects to get a phytosanitary certificate for export and 391 samples were investigated for diagnostic reason. The Berlese-funnel and dissecting microscopy technique were used to separate mites from the samples. For identification, the mites were slide mounted in Berlese-Hoyer's medium and examined by using phase-contrast microscopy. In 3% of the samples examined on the presence of quarantine organisms, phytophagous mites belonging to the superfamily Tetranychoidea were found, but none with the quarantine status in accordance with the EPPO A1/A2 list. Besides Tetranychus urticae detected on different crops, the cassava green mite Mononychellus progresivus was found on cassava (import Cameroon) in 2006. Tenuipalpus elegans (Tenuipalpidae) was found on cut foliage (import South Africa) in 2004. In 19.9% of the investigated samples for diagnostic reason mites were found. In 47.7% of the infested samples mites were definitely the reason for the damage; in 15.9% mites were secondary and in 36.4% the occurrence of mites was not relevant for the injury. An overview of the determined mites will be given. During this 3 years diagnostic research a few new pest mites belonging to families Tetranychidae and Eriophyidae can be reported. In 2006 Panonychus citri was found on Prunus laurocerasus and later on Eleaegnus sp. and Skimmia sp.. Aceria silvicola was determined on Rubus idaeus in 2006 and Aculus ulae and Aceria carpini on Carpinus betulus in 2005. Besides new pest mites, never seen problems with the broad mite Polyphagotarsonemus latus (Fam. Tarsonemidae) occurred in tree-nurseries in 2005 and 2006. Also 20 samples coming from private persons were investigated. The main problems indoor were caused by Dermanyssus gallinae and Bryobia praetiosa. In gardens especially spider mite problems occurred. Eurytetranychus buxi, Oligonychus ununguis, Eotetranychus carpini and Eotetranychus tiliarium caused considerable damage in topiary and formal fences. PMID:18399474

Witters, J; De Bondt, G; Desamblanx, J; Casteels, H

2007-01-01

121

Research Activities by Water Utilities—JOINT DISCUSSION  

Microsoft Academic Search

The larger utilities throughout the US must take a lead role in researching various techniques so that the industry can continue to serve its customers adequately. Depending on location, priorities change. Thus, in Dallas and Denver, where water supplies for the future are less certain than in other areas of the country, the utilities are investigating reuse of wastewater. Other

Paul Weir; Harold W. Humphreys; Henry J. Graeser; Kenneth J. Miller; Richard D. Heaton; Gerald J. Remus; Joseph V. Radziul; Alan Hess; Kenneth E. Shull; Lee Streicher

1972-01-01

122

Federal Research in Potable-Water Technology—JOINT DISCUSSION  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concerted crash research program on the overall problems of current and advanced pure-water technology would not be possible without the active financial, moral, and scientific cooperation of federal agencies with the water utilities. This survey can only touch on the highlights of the technical programs and progress achieved by the governmental agencies chiefly concerned with improving and increasing the

F. B. Walling; C. R. Murray; H. Garland Hershey; W. P. Simmons; L. A. Haugseth; L. O. Timblin; James H. McDermott; J. W. O'Meara

1972-01-01

123

Joint Research on 'Arundo donax' as an Energy Crop.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The research afforded a possibility of improving the previous management and process of Arundo donax when cropped as a raw material for pulp and paper. A new larger rows spacing cropping system (screen type) allows another simultaneous crop, in the same f...

M. Arnoux A. Davenel M. Long

1985-01-01

124

The research on the choice of the parent's control mechanism in international joint ventures  

Microsoft Academic Search

The choice of contro mechanisml is one of the most concerned issues in the formation and management of international joint ventures.It is also one of the latest topics in the IJV researches. However, due to the different theoretical basis and perspectives in different studies,there are contradictory research results.Moreover,the researches on the parent company's choice of control mechanisms have scattered in

Huiming Cai

2011-01-01

125

Moral Hazard and the Internal Organization of Joint Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lecture on the first SFB\\/TR 15 meeting, Gummersbach, July, 18 - 20, 2004We address the question of how the internal organization of partnerships can be affected by moral hazard behavior of their division(s)\\/agent(s). We explore cases where two entregreneurs, each employing one agent subject ot moral hazard, decide how to conduct a research project together. The project's success probability is

Simona Fabrizi; Steffen Lippert

2003-01-01

126

The red tape waltz. Where multi-centre ethical and research governance review can step on the toes of good research practice.  

PubMed

How could it happen that the very processes intended to assure ethical research in Australia might, themselves, undermine good research practice? This paper describes one PhD candidate's recent experiences of multi-centre review for a Human Research Ethics Committee approved, low/negligible risk, qualitative study, at the crossroad of health services research and organisational research. A retrospective review of international literature about multi-centre review processes revealed that many of these experiences were not unique and might have been expected, notwithstanding Australian efforts at harmonisation of multi-centre review. This paper examines not only the burden of red-tape that was applied to a small doctoral study, but also the way in which the red-tape threatened the anonymity of potential study participants and risked exposing them to undue pressure and distress. These experiences support the view that harmonisation initiatives have not yet developed as the Australian National Health and Medical Research Council may have hoped and that further attention is needed to harmonise research governance processes. PMID:24069728

Webster, Susan M; Temple-Smit, Meredith

2013-03-01

127

Person Centred Care and Shared Decision Making: Implications for Ethics, Public Health and Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a systematic account of ethical issues actualised in different areas, as well as at different levels and\\u000a stages of health care, by introducing organisational and other procedures that embody a shift towards person centred care\\u000a and shared decision-making (PCC\\/SDM). The analysis builds on general ethical theory and earlier work on aspects of PCC\\/SDM\\u000a relevant from an ethics

Christian Munthe; Lars Sandman; Daniela Cutas

128

Towards a knowledge management and learning taxonomy for research joint ventures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research joint ventures (RJVs) are project environments that typically focus on the development of innovations and ideas. The development and management of knowledge is the primary objective for these RJVs. To help understand the practices and characteristics of RJV knowledge management and learning processes we introduce a taxonomy for these types of project environments. Using existing literature and supporting case

Elena Revilla; Joseph Sarkis; Juan Acosta

2005-01-01

129

Joint nuclear safety research projects between the US and Russian Federation International Nuclear Safety Centers  

SciTech Connect

The Russian Federation Ministry for Atomic Energy (MINATOM) and the US Department of Energy (USDOE) formed international Nuclear Safety Centers in October 1995 and July 1996, respectively, to collaborate on nuclear safety research. Since January 1997, the two centers have initiated the following nine joint research projects: (1) INSC web servers and databases; (2) Material properties measurement and assessment; (3) Coupled codes: Neutronic, thermal-hydraulic, mechanical and other; (4) Severe accident management for Soviet-designed reactors; (5) Transient management and advanced control; (6) Survey of relevant nuclear safety research facilities in the Russian Federation; (8) Advanced structural analysis; and (9) Development of a nuclear safety research and development plan for MINATOM. The joint projects were selected on the basis of recommendations from two groups of experts convened by NEA and from evaluations of safety impact, cost, and deployment potential. The paper summarizes the projects, including the long-term goals, the implementing strategy and some recent accomplishments for each project.

Bougaenko, S.E.; Kraev, A.E. [International Nuclear Safety Center of the Russian MINATOM, Moscow (Russian Federation); Hill, D.L.; Braun, J.C.; Klickman, A.E. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). International Nuclear Safety Center

1998-08-01

130

Dose reconstruction for the Urals population. Joint Coordinating Committee on Radiation Effects Research, Project 1.1 -- Final report  

SciTech Connect

This work is being carried out as a feasibility study to determine if a long-term course of work can be implemented to assess the long-term risks of radiation exposure delivered at low to moderate dose rates to the populations living in the vicinity of the Mayak Industrial Association (MIA). This work was authorized and conducted under the auspices of the US-Russian Joint Coordinating Committee on Radiation Effects Research (JCCRER) and its Executive Committee (EC). The MIA was the first Russian site for the production and separation of plutonium. This plant began operation in 1948, and during its early days there were technological failures that resulted in the release of large amounts of waste into the rather small Techa River. There were also gaseous releases of radioiodines and other radionuclides during the early days of operation. In addition, there was an accidental explosion in a waste storage tank in 1957 that resulted in a significant release. The Techa River Cohort has been studied for several years by scientists from the Urals Research Centre for Radiation Medicine and an increase in both leukemia and solid tumors has been noted.

Degteva, M.O. [Urals Research Center for Radiation Medicine, Chelyabinsk (Russian Federation)] [Urals Research Center for Radiation Medicine, Chelyabinsk (Russian Federation); Drozhko, E. [Branch 1 of Moscow Biophysics Inst., Ozersk (Russian Federation)] [Branch 1 of Moscow Biophysics Inst., Ozersk (Russian Federation); Anspaugh, L.R. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)] [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Napier, B.A. [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States)] [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Bouville, A.C. [National Cancer Inst., Bethesda, MD (United States)] [National Cancer Inst., Bethesda, MD (United States); Miller, C.W. [Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA (United States)] [Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA (United States)

1996-02-01

131

Centre for Education, Training, & Research in Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency (CETREE) of Malaysia: Educating the Nation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Centre for Education, Training, and Research in Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency (CETREE), was established in the year 2000, in Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM). CETREE is a not-for-profit organization that was part of the Malaysian Government's continuous effort in promoting sustainable development. The centre's main task is to tackle issues and problems that are slowing the potential growth of RE & EE utilizations in Malaysia. CETREE and the Government of Malaysia, with funding and supports from Danish International Development Assistance (DANIDA) and USM, has been working together closely in applying trans-disciplinary educational methods and approaches for the teaching of RE & EE that are compatible with Malaysian. Through association with various entities such as Energy Centre of Malaysia (PTM), Energy Commission of Malaysia (ST), Malaysia Electricity Supply Industry Trust Account (MESITA) CETREE was able to successfully promote sustainable development through education and training. Significant accomplishments made by CETREE include introducing RE and EE as part of Malaysian secondary schools and universities education; conducting energy related courses for professionals; and generating awareness via campaign in the mass media and CETREE's mobile-exhibition-unit road-tour.

Ibrahim, Kamarulazizi; Hilme, Khairur Rahim Ahmad

2007-10-01

132

Malaysian Supercomputer Research Centre Feasibility Study. Volume 3. Technical Evaluation and Implementation Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A feasibility study of a proposed new Malaysian Supercomputer Research Center (MSRC) was performed. The study includes market research, evaluation of technical alternatives, and financial performance studies. Volume III discusses current technology and se...

1992-01-01

133

Atomic Energy Agricultural Research Centre, Tandojam (Pakistan) Annual Report, 1987-88.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report describes the research work carried out during 1987-88 in the fields of plant genetics, entomology, plant physiology and soil science. The research efforts were mainly concentrated on finding ways and means for improvement of agriculture.

1989-01-01

134

Quantum structure based infrared detector research and development within Acreo’s centre of excellence IMAGIC  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Acreo has a long tradition of working with quantum structure based infrared (IR) detectors and arrays. This includes QWIP (quantum well infrared photodetector), QDIP (quantum dot infrared photodetector), and InAs/GaInSb based photon detectors of different structure and composition. It also covers R&D on uncooled microbolometers. The integrated thermistor material of such detectors is advantageously based on quantum structures that are optimised for high temperature coefficient and low noise. Especially the SiGe material system is preferred due to the compatibility with silicon technology. The R&D work on IR detectors is a prominent part of Acreo’s centre of excellence “IMAGIC” on imaging detectors and systems for non-visible wavelengths. IMAGIC is a collaboration between Acreo, several industry partners and universities like the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) and Linköping University.

Andersson, J. Y.; Höglund, L.; Noharet, B.; Wang, Q.; Ericsson, P.; Wissmar, S.; Asplund, C.; Malm, H.; Martijn, H.; Hammar, M.; Gustafsson, O.; Hellström, S.; Radamson, H.; Holtz, P. O.

2010-07-01

135

EU shokoku tono sekiyu daitai energy kanren kenkyusha tono kyodo kenkyu jigyo. (Joint research operation between the EU countries and the oil substituting energy related researchers).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Four researchers related to oil substituting energies extending over a wide area were invited from the European Union (EU) countries who are carrying out enthusiastic developments of oil substituting energies. Joint research works have been carried out fo...

1995-01-01

136

Regional cartilage properties of three quadruped tibiofemoral joints used in musculoskeletal research studies.  

PubMed

Quadruped joints are commonly used in musculoskeletal studies as a surrogate for human joints despite inherent differences in tissue properties. Although concerns exist regarding model validity, relatively few studies comparing the mechanical properties of quadruped tissue exist. This study aimed to characterise the regional intrinsic mechanical properties and thickness of tibiofemoral cartilage from three quadrupeds used in modern musculoskeletal research. Osteochondral plugs were removed from the major weight-bearing regions of porcine (6 months), bovine (18-24 months) and ovine (approximately 5 years) tibiofemoral joints. The equilibrium elastic modulus and permeability of the cartilage were derived by combining the creep indention deformation results and calculated tissue thickness within an in-silica model. Results showed significant interspecies and regional variation in cartilage thickness. Cartilage was thickest on porcine femoral condyles whereas ovine cartilage was consistently thinner across all sites. Furthermore, porcine tissue had a significantly lower equilibrium elastic modulus and significantly higher permeability than ovine cartilage. The results highlight the importance of considering the interspecies and regional variation in quadruped tissue properties when selecting animal joints for musculoskeletal investigations. PMID:23057238

McLure, Stewart W D; Fisher, John; Conaghan, Philip G; Williams, Sophie

2012-08-01

137

Scottish Universities Research and Reactor Centre Annual Report for 1980-1981.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Brief research reports are presented on the following topics: reactor related activities, including physics (radioactive tracers, atomic excitation), radiochemistry (neutron activation analysis of geological, archaeological and soil samples, fission track...

H. W. Wilson

1982-01-01

138

Setting and meeting priorities in Indigenous health research in Australia and its application in the Cooperative Research Centre for Aboriginal Health  

PubMed Central

Priority setting is about making decisions. Key issues faced during priority setting processes include identifying who makes these decisions, who sets the criteria, and who benefits. The paper reviews the literature and history around priority setting in research, particularly in Aboriginal health research. We explore these issues through a case study of the Cooperative Research Centre for Aboriginal Health (CRCAH)'s experience in setting and meeting priorities. Historically, researchers have made decisions about what research gets done. Pressures of growing competition for research funds and an increased public interest in research have led to demands that appropriate consultation with stakeholders is conducted and that research is of benefit to the wider society. Within Australian Aboriginal communities, these demands extend to Aboriginal control of research to ensure that Aboriginal priorities are met. In response to these demands, research priorities are usually agreed in consultation with stakeholders at an institutional level and researchers are asked to develop relevant proposals at a project level. The CRCAH's experience in funding rounds was that scientific merit was given more weight than stakeholders' priorities and did not necessarily result in research that met these priorities. After reviewing these processes in 2004, the CRCAH identified a new facilitated development approach. In this revised approach, the setting of institutional priorities is integrated with the development of projects in a way that ensures the research reflects stakeholder priorities. This process puts emphasis on identifying projects that reflect priorities prior to developing the quality of the research, rather than assessing the relevance to priorities and quality concurrently. Part of the CRCAH approach is the employment of Program Managers who ensure that stakeholder priorities are met in the development of research projects. This has enabled researchers and stakeholders to come together to collaboratively develop priority-driven research. Involvement by both groups in project development has been found to be essential in making decisions that will lead to robust and useful research.

2009-01-01

139

Prionet Canada: A Network of Centres of Excellence for Research into Prions and Prion Diseases  

Microsoft Academic Search

PrioNet Canada's strength in basic, applied, and social research is helping to solve the food, health safety, and socioeconomic problems associated with prion diseases. Prion diseases are transmissible, fatal neurodegenerative diseases of humans and animals. Examples of prion diseases include bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE, commonly known as “mad cow” disease), Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease in humans, and chronic wasting disease (CWD) in

Michelle Wong; Janie Toth; Sandra Haney; Michael G. Tyshenko; Shalu Darshan; Daniel Krewski; Frederick A. Leighton; David Westaway; Stephen S. Moore; Maura Ricketts; Neil Cashman

2009-01-01

140

Healthcare@Home: Research Models for Patient-Centred Healthcare Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Healthcare@Home is a research project implementing a prototype to 'push' or 'pull' data via mobile devices and\\/or dedicated home-based network servers to one or moredataanalysisengines.Thisdataisthenusedtoeval- uate diabetes risk assessment for a particular individual, and also undertake trends analysis across data from mul- tiple individuals. We outline the need for such a person- alized health management system, and describe a logical

Mahesh Subramanian; Ali Shaikh Ali; Omer F. Rana; Alex Hardisty; Edward C. Conley

2006-01-01

141

Addiction research centres and the nurturing of creativity. The Korean Institute on Alcohol Problems (KIAP).  

PubMed

The aim of this paper is to provide an account of the history, current status and vision of the Korean Institute on Alcohol Problems (KIAP). In the context of increasing alcohol consumption, rising second-hand effects and industry-friendly government policy, the Korean College Alcohol Study (KCAS) was established in the Republic of Korea in 1999, and changed its name to the Korean Institute on Alcohol Problems (KIAP) in 2005. KIAP's mission is to decrease alcohol consumption and its related harms by promoting research, advocating policy, developing intervention programmes and preparing media communications. Since 1999, KIAP has published scientific papers and books in alcohol research and used the internet and other media for dissemination of specialized information to the general population. In the last decade, KIAP has trained front-line alcohol researchers, and advanced domestic and international networks to promote evidence-based alcohol control policy in Korea. The light of hope shines brightly as KIAP grows and establishes critical linkages to move forward in its mission. PMID:22268533

Chun, Sungsoo; Reid, Easton A; Sohn, Aeree; Welch, Michael E; Yun-Welch, Sunmee; Yun, Mieun

2012-01-23

142

Prionet Canada: A Network of Centres of Excellence for Research on Prion Diseases—Ongoing and Future Research Directions  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is PrioNet's vision to build a network that shapes and sustains prion research in Canada, translating basic science into accessible socioeconomic benefits for global betterment. PrioNet's research is developing surveillance measures, diagnostic tools, vaccines, and potential therapies and determining the various impacts of prion diseases on people. PrioNet seeks to integrate scientifically informed risk management strategies and to use

Michelle Wong; Janie Toth; Sandra Haney; Daniel Krewski; Frederick A. Leighton; Maura Ricketts; David Westaway; Neil Cashman

2011-01-01

143

The Iranian Documentation Centre.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the Iranian Documentation Centre (Irandoc) was to collect that portion of the world's literature which was pertinent to Iran's research interests, to organize that material, and to promote its use by Iranian researchers. Stated more succinc...

J. F. Harvey

1971-01-01

144

CAD Centre - Index Searcher  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A searchable index of the CAD Centre, a postgraduate teaching and research unit in design manufacture and engineering management, with research focused on design methods and computer support of the design process for engineering applications.

2007-10-11

145

Addiction research centres and the nurturing of creativity: University of Michigan Addiction Research Center (UMARC): Development, Evolution, and Direction  

PubMed Central

A historical summary is provided of the evolution of the University of Michigan Addiction Research Center (UMARC) since its origins in 1988. Begun as an NIH research center within a Department of Psychiatry and focused solely on alcohol and aging, early work emphasized treatment efficacy, differential outcome studies, and characterization of the neurophysiological and behavioral manifestations of chronic alcoholism. Over the last fifteen years, UMARC has extended its research focus along a number of dimensions: Its developmental reach has been extended etiologically by studies of risk early in the life span, and by way of work on earlier screening and the development of early, brief treatment interventions. The addiction focus has expanded to include other drugs of abuse. Levels of analysis have also broadened, with work on the molecular genetics and brain neurophysiology underlying addictive processes on the one hand, and examination of the role of the social environment in long term course of disorder on the other. Activities have been facilitated by several research training programs and by collaborative relationships with other universities around the United States and in Poland. Since 2002, a program for research infrastructure development and collaboration has been carried on, initially with Poland and more recently with Ukraine, Latvia, and Slovakia. A blueprint for the future includes expanded characterization of the neurobiology and genetics of addictive processes, the developmental environment, as well as programmatic work to address the public health implications of our ability to identify risk for disorder very early in life.

Zucker, Robert A.

2010-01-01

146

Transregional Collaborative Research Centre 32: Patterns in Soil-Vegetation-Atmosphere-Systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The soil-vegetation-atmosphere system is characterized by non-linear exchanges of mass, momentum and energy with complex patterns, structures and processes that act at different temporal and spatial scales. Under the TR32 framework, the characterisation of these structures and patterns will lead to a deeper qualitative and quantitative understanding of the SVA system, and ultimately to better predictions of the SVA state. Research in TR32 is based on three methodological pillars: Monitoring, Modelling and Data Assimilation. Focusing our research on the Rur Catchment (Germany), patterns are monitored since 2006 continuously using existing and novel geophysical and remote sensing techniques from the local to the catchment scale based on ground penetrating radar methods, induced polarization, radiomagnetotellurics, electrical resistivity tomography, boundary layer scintillometry, lidar techniques, cosmic-ray, microwave radiometry, and precipitation radars with polarization diversity. Modelling approaches involve development of scaled consistent coupled model platform: high resolution numerical weather prediction (NWP; 400m) and hydrological models (few meters). In the second phase (2011-2014), the focus is on the integration of models from the groundwater to the atmosphere for both the m- and km-scale and the extension of the experimental monitoring in respect to vegetation. The coupled modelling platform is based on the atmospheric model COSMO, the land surface model CLM and the hydrological model ParFlow. A scale consistent two-way coupling is performed using the external OASIS coupler. Example work includes the transfer of laboratory methods to the field; the measurements of patterns of soil-carbon, evapotranspiration and respiration measured in the field; catchment-scale modeling of exchange processes and the setup of an atmospheric boundary layer monitoring network. These modern and predominantly non-invasive measurement techniques are exploited in combination with advanced modelling systems by data assimilation to yield improved numerical models for the prediction of water-, energy and CO2-transfer by accounting for the patterns occurring at various scales.

Masbou, M.; Simmer, C.; Kollet, S.; Boessenkool, K.; Crewell, S.; Diekkrüger, B.; Huber, K.; Klitzsch, N.; Koyama, C.; Vereecken, H.

2012-04-01

147

Tsinghua-Johns Hopkins Joint Center for Biomedical Engineering Research: Scientific and cultural exchange in undergraduate engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

A model for an international undergraduate biomedical engineering research exchange program is outlined. In 2008, the Johns Hopkins University in collaboration with Tsinghua University in Beijing, China established the Tsinghua-Johns Hopkins Joint Center for Biomedical Engineering Research. Undergraduate biomedical engineering students from both universities are offered the opportunity to participate in research at the overseas institution. Programs such as these

Andrew D. Wisneski; Lixia Huang; Bo Hong; Xiaoqin Wang

2011-01-01

148

Australian Centre for Astrobiology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Australian Centre for Astrobiology performs research in physics, astronomy, and cosmology, as well as investigates the possibility of life beyond Earth. After learning about the Centre's latest news and events, users can find summaries of the many current research projects including studies of ancient hydrothermal systems, remote sensing of the atmosphere of Venus, and varying constants. The website features the research, papers, and achievements of Professor Paul Davies and the Centre's other members. Students and educators can discover research and scholarship opportunities. This site is also reviewed in the June 25, 2004 _NSDL Physical Sciences Report_.

149

Going Boldly Into the Future: A Series of Case Studies of Co-Operative Research Centres and Their Relationships with the VET Sector.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document presents case studies of 10 cooperative research centers (CRCs) across Australia and their relationships with the vocational education and training (VET) sector. The CRCs profiled in the case studies are as follows: Co-operative Research Centre for Sustainable Rice Production; Cast Alloy and Solidification Technology Co-operative…

Ferrier, Fran; Trood, Clifford; Whittingham, Karen

150

Going Boldly Into the Future: A Series of Case Studies of Co-Operative Research Centres and Their Relationships with the VET Sector.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents case studies of 10 cooperative research centers (CRCs) across Australia and their relationships with the vocational education and training (VET) sector. The CRCs profiled in the case studies are as follows: Co-operative Research Centre for Sustainable Rice Production; Cast Alloy and Solidification Technology Co-operative…

Ferrier, Fran; Trood, Clifford; Whittingham, Karen

151

A new facility for Quaternary Geochronology in Spain: The National Research Centre for Human Evolution (CENIEH) in Burgos  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new geochronology facility has been recently set up in Burgos, Spain, as part of the recently established National Research Centre for Human Evolution (CENIEH). The CENIEH is sponsored by governmental funding and was established to foster major advances in our understanding of human evolution through multidisciplinary research. As part of this initiative, a modern laboratory complex is emerging as an European facility for Geochronology and Geoarchaeology. The Geochronology laboratories include archaeomagnetism, electron spin resonance, luminescence, uranium-series, and a clean laboratory for sample preparation. The facility includes a 2G, 755-4K SRM superconducting magnetometer, a Bruker ESR spectrometer (EMXmicro-6/1 model) associated with a low-temperature control system, allowing ESR measurements at room and liquid nitrogen temperature, two Riso readers with a single-grain and pulsed OSL attachments, a ThermoFinnigan Neptune MC-ICP-MS, with a CETAC Aridus and an ESI Apex sample introduction system, a NewWave UP213 nm laser ablation facility, a NewWave Instr. Micromill and ancillary sample preparation and field equipment. The Geochronology group, GEB (Geochronology rEsearch group in Burgos) is being set up as a facility that provides auxiliary laboratory and general support to the scientific community interested in Quaternary studies, and in archaeological and paleontological sites. Methodological advancements in Quaternary dating, and inter-technique collaborative studies form an integral part of GEBs research activities. Current research projects include the chronology of the oldest human occupation of Europe (Atapuerca and Orce), north-African archaeological sites and integration with Plio-Pleistocene climatic changes, rates of incision and uplift of Cenozoic basins in Spain, and dating of ancient DNA sequences and early human occupation sites across Siberia and North America.

Parés, Josep M.; Duval, Mathieu; Arnold, Lee J.; Hoffmann, Dirk L.

2010-05-01

152

Program Assessment and Development of the Central Regina Early Learning Centre: Final Report. SIDRU Research Report No. 17.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Central Regina Early Learning Centre is a community-based, early intervention program that aims to break the cycle of disadvantage for 3- and 4-year-olds in Regina, Canada. This report documents an evaluation of the program offered by the Centre from 1992 to 1994 and makes proposals for future program development. Chapter 1 of the report…

Cronin, Mary

153

Patients/carers and clinicians can set joint priorities for research in cleft lip and palate.  

PubMed

The James Lind Alliance is a not-for-profit organisation that was established in 2004 in the United Kingdom with financial support from the Medical Research Council and the Department of Health. It brings together patients, carers and clinicians to identify and prioritise the uncertainties, or 'unanswered questions,' about the effects of treatments that they agree are most important. This information helps to ensure that those who fund health research are aware of what matters to both patients and clinicians. The James Lind Alliance has now facilitated these "priority setting partnerships" in several conditions as diverse as asthma and schizophrenia, and recently completed a partnership to gather and prioritise unanswered questions relating to clefts of the lip and/or palate, working with those affected, their parents/carers and healthcare professionals. As the James Lind Alliance prepares to transfer to a new home within the National Institute for Health Research Evaluation, Trials and Studies Coordinating Centre, this article tells the story of the James Lind Alliance based on a presentation given by Lester Firkins at the European Society of Paediatric Otolaryngology in Amsterdam, May 2012, entitled "Who's life is it anyway?" and the completion of the James Lind Alliance Priority Setting Partnership in cleft lip and palate research. PMID:23254243

Petit-Zeman, Sophie; Cowan, Katherine

2012-12-17

154

Addiction research centres and the nurturing of creativity: The Alcohol & Drug Abuse Research Unit at the South African Medical Research Council - strengthening substance abuse research and policy in South Africa.  

PubMed

The Alcohol and Drug Abuse Research Unit (ADARU) was established at the South African Medical Research Council (MRC) at the beginning of 2001, although its origins lie in the activities of the Centre for Epidemiological Research in Southern Africa and other MRC entities. Initial challenges included attracting external funding, recruiting new staff, developing the skills of junior staff, publishing in international journals and building national and international collaborative networks. ADARU currently comprises a core staff of 33 members who work on 22 projects spanning substance use epidemiology and associated consequences, intervention studies with at-risk populations and services research. A large component of this portfolio focuses on the link between alcohol and other drug use and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) risk behaviour, with funding from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Junior staff members are encouraged to develop independent research interests and pursue PhD studies. Research outputs, such as the 20 papers that were published in 2010 and the 35 conference presentations from that year, form an important part of the unit's research translation activities. We engage actively with policy processes at the local, provincial, national and international levels, and have given particular attention to alcohol policy in recent years. The paper includes an analysis of major challenges currently facing the unit and how we are attempting to address them. It ends with some thoughts on what the unit intends doing to enhance the quality of its research, the capacity of its staff and its international standing. PMID:22029284

Parry, Charles; Morojele, Neo; Myers, Bronwyn; Plüddemann, Andreas

2011-10-26

155

Development and evaluation of the modiolar research array - multi-centre collaborative study in human temporal bones  

PubMed Central

Objective Multi-centre collaborative study to develop and refine the design of a prototype thin perimodiolar cochlear implant electrode array and to assess feasibility for use in human subjects. Study Design Multi-centre temporal bone insertion studies. Materials and Methods The modiolar research array (MRA) is a thin pre-curved electrode that is held straight for initial insertion with an external sheath rather than an internal stylet. Between November 2006 and February 2009, six iterations of electrode design were studied in 21 separate insertion studies in which 140 electrode insertions were performed in 85 human temporal bones by 12 surgeons. These studies aimed at addressing four fundamental questions related to the electrode concept, being: (1) Could a sheath result in additional intra-cochlear trauma? (2) Could a sheath accommodate variations in cochlea size and anatomies? (3) Could a sheath be inserted via the round window? and (4) Could a sheath be safely removed once the electrode had been inserted? These questions were investigated within these studies using a number of evaluation techniques, including X-ray and microfluoroscopy, acrylic fixation and temporal bone histologic sectioning, temporal bone microdissection of cochlear structures with electrode visualization, rotational tomography, and insertion force analysis. Results Frequent examples of electrode rotation and tip fold-over were demonstrated with the initial designs. This was typically caused by excessive curvature of the electrode tip, and also difficulty in handling of the electrode and sheath. The degree of tip curvature was progressively relaxed in subsequent versions with a corresponding reduction in the frequency of tip fold-over. Modifications to the sheath facilitated electrode insertion and sheath removal. Insertion studies with the final MRA design demonstrated minimal trauma, excellent perimodiolar placement, and very small electrode dimensions within scala tympani. Force measurements in temporal bones demonstrated negligible force on cochlear structures with angular insertion depths of between 390 and 450°. Conclusion The MRA is a novel, very thin perimodiolar prototype electrode array that has been developed using a systematic collaborative approach. The different evaluation techniques employed by the investigators contributed to the early identification of issues and generation of solutions. Regarding the four fundamental questions related to the electrode concept, the studies demonstrated that (1) the sheath did not result in additional intra-cochlear trauma; (2) the sheath could accommodate variations in cochlea size and anatomies; (3) the sheath was more successfully inserted via a cochleostomy than via the round window; and (4) the sheath could be safely removed once the electrode had been inserted.

Briggs, Robert J S; Tykocinski, Michael; Lazsig, Roland; Aschendorff, Antje; Lenarz, Thomas; Stover, Timo; Fraysse, Bernard; Marx, Mathieu; Roland, J Thomas; Roland, Peter S; Wright, Charles G; Gantz, Bruce J; Patrick, James F; Risi, Frank

2011-01-01

156

Joint Assessment of ETRR-2 Research Reactor Operations Program, Capabilities, and Facilities  

SciTech Connect

A joint assessment meeting was conducted at the Egyptian Atomic Energy Agency (EAEA) followed by a tour of Egyptian Second Research Reactor (ETRR-2) on March 22 and 23, 2006. The purpose of the visit was to evaluate the capabilities of the new research reactor and its operations under Action Sheet 4 between the U.S. DOE and the EAEA, ''Research Reactor Operation'', and Action Sheet 6, ''Technical assistance in The Production of Radioisotopes''. Preliminary Recommendations of the joint assessment are as follows: (1) ETRR-2 utilization should be increased by encouraging frequent and sustained operations. This can be accomplished in part by (a) Improving the supply-chain management for fresh reactor fuel and alleviating the perception that the existing fuel inventory should be conserved due to unreliable fuel supply; and (b) Promulgating a policy for sample irradiation priority that encourages the use of the reactor and does not leave the decision of when to operate entirely at the discretion of reactor operations staff. (2) Each experimental facility in operation or built for a single purpose should be reevaluated to focus on those that most meet the goals of the EAEA strategic business plan. Temporary or long-term elimination of some experimental programs might be necessary to provide more focused utilization. There may be instances of emerging reactor applications for which no experimental facility is yet designed or envisioned. In some cases, an experimental facility may have a more beneficial use than the purpose for which it was originally designed. For example, (a) An effective Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT) program requires nearby high quality medical facilities. These facilities are not available and are unlikely to be constructed near the Inshas site. Further, the BNCT facility is not correctly designed for advanced research and therapy programs using epithermal neutrons. (b) The ETRR-2 is frequently operated to provide color-enhanced gemstones but is operated infrequently for radioisotope production. Because the two irradiation programs compete by utilizing the same core locations, the issues should be resolved at a high level. (c) Cobalt-60 production uses the most valuable irradiation location in the ETRR-2 (the high neutron density flux-trap), but there seems to be no potential customer for the Co-60. Further, the low number of hours the reactor is operated per week precludes ever producing a marketable specific activity of Co-60. Accordingly, Co-60 production should be reevaluated. (d) ETRR-2 staff would benefit from additional training to successfully design new experiment facilities and utilize existing facilities more effectively. This training can include IAEA Fellowships, as well as topical DOE Sister Laboratory visits to gain experience using equipment and research tools at other research reactor facilities.

Bissani, M; O'Kelly, D S

2006-05-08

157

South Centre  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based in Switzerland, South Centre is a multi-national organization which promotes the global organization of its 46 member nations in order to become "effective in mobilizing its considerable combined expertise and experience or its bargaining power." The site contains a large number of current working papers, South Centre's quarterly newsletter South Letter, and relevant links.

158

Antitrust for high-technology industries: assessing research joint ventures and mergers  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this paper is to analyze if and how the standard methodology of antitrust analysis should be modified to reflect the importance of R and D and innovation as competitive forces and engines of economic progress. Focus is on such R and D - intensive business combinations as research joint ventures (RJVs) and horizontal mergers in high-technology industries. The authors do not propose a complete set of guidelines for the assessment of such combinations. They present an economic model of RJVs and high-technology mergers that might serve as an analytical underpinning for such guidelines. One conclusion of the analysis is that RJVs ought to be accorded special treatment under the antitrust laws. This special treatment should entail an explicit recognition that RJVs will be scrutinized under the rule of reason, according to guidelines specific to this purpose.

Ordover, J.A.; Willig, R.D.

1985-05-01

159

Exploiting SNOMED CT Concepts & Relationships for Clinical Information Retrieval: Australian e-Health Research Centre and Queensland University of Technology at the TREC 2012 Medical Track.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Australian e-Health Research Centre and Queensland University of Technology recently participated in the TREC 2012 Medical Records Track. This paper reports on our methods, results and experience using an approach that exploits the concept and inter-c...

A. Nguyen B. Koopman D. Vickers G. Zuccon L. Butt

2012-01-01

160

First results from Virtual Reference Station (VRS) and Precise Point Positioning (PPP) GPS research at the Western Australian Centre for Geodesy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past 18 months, a team in the Western Australian Centre for Geodesy at Curtin University of Technology, Perth, has been researching the optimum configurations to achieve long-range and precise GPS- based aircraft positioning for subsequent airborne mapping projects. Three parallel strategies have been adopted to solve this problem: virtual reference stations (VRS), precise point positioning (PPP), and multiple

N. Castleden; G. R. Hu; W. E. Featherstone; D. A. Abbey; C. J. Earls; D. Weihing; O. Øvstedal

2004-01-01

161

Radioecological Studies of the Impacts of Tritiun Emissions as Explained by the Example of KfK (Karlsruhe Nuclear Research Centre, Federal Republic of Germany).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The amount of tritium discharged every year by the Karlsruhe Nuclear Research Centre via gaseous and liquid effluents is of the order of 200 TBq. This offers the opportunity of studying the radioecological behaviour of tritium in the environment under rea...

L. A. Koenig K. G. Langguth G. Pagliosa D. Papadopoulos A. Radziwill

1984-01-01

162

Proceedings of the 7th Joint Panel Meeting of the UJNR Panel on Fire Research and Safety  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 7th Joint Panel Meeting of the United States-Japan Panel on Fire Research and Safety was held jointly with the Combustion Toxicity and 2nd Expert Meeting of the U.S.-Japan-Canada Cooperative Research Group on Toxicity of Combustion Products from Building Materials and Interior Goods at the National Bureau of Standards, Gaithersburg, Maryland, October 24 to 28, 1983. Technical sessions were in the areas of: Fire Hazard/Risk Management Methods; Fire Growth Prediction; Materials Fire Properties and Test Methods; Measurement Methods; Combustion Toxicity. Progress reports were presented in each area, in addition to state-of-the-art papers.

Jason, N. H.; Davis, K.

1985-03-01

163

The Danish Centre for Strategic Research in Type 2 Diabetes (DD2) study: implementation of a nationwide patient enrollment system  

PubMed Central

This paper aims to describe the patient enrollment system and implementation strategy for the new nationwide Danish Centre for Strategic Research in Type 2 Diabetes (DD2) project. The paper will also describe the design, current content, and pilot testing of the DD2 registration form. The challenge of the DD2 project was to construct a registration system functioning in the entire Danish health care system, where new type 2 diabetes patients are initially met, and with the capacity to enroll 200 newly diagnosed diabetes patients per week nationwide. This requires a fast and simple registration that is part of everyday clinical practice in hospital outpatient clinics and general practitioner (GP) clinics. The enrollment system is thus built on a tested, rational design where patients need only one visit and only specific limited data about physical activity, anthropometric measures, and family history of diabetes are collected during a brief patient interview. Later, supplemental data will be extracted by computerized linkage with existing databases. The feasibility of this strategy was verified in a pilot study. For maximum flexibility, three different ways to fill in the DD2 registration form were provided and an interactive webpage was constructed. The DD2 project also involves collection of blood and urine samples from each diabetes patient, to be stored in a biobank. Clinicians may obtain the samples themselves or refer patients to the nearest clinical biochemical department. GPs have the additional option of referring patients to the nearest hospital outpatient diabetes clinic to obtain interview data, clinical data, and samples. At present, the enrollment system is in use at 17 hospital outpatient diabetes clinics and 45 GP clinics nationwide, together enrolling 40 new type 2 diabetes patients per week in the DD2 project. A total of 990 patients have now been enrolled and the DD2 is ready to expand nationwide.

Nielsen, Jens Steen; Thomsen, Reimar W; Steffensen, Charlotte; Christiansen, Jens S

2012-01-01

164

A model of radionuclide transfer by groundwater on the territory of the Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The convective transfer of 137Cs and 90Sr by groundwater on the territory of the Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute (RRCKI) was modeled. Geological data on the RRCKI site and possible sources of radionuclides show that the uppermost aquifer, composed of Quaternary sediments, is the most probable region of spreading of radioactive contamination. Since the lateral migration of radionuclides is predominant, a 2D horizontal model was used for the forecasting of spreading of radioactive contaminants in the subsurface medium. Transient or long-term repositories of radioactive materials at the RRCKI site (concentrated sources) and aquifer rocks contaminated in the course of removal of radionuclides from these repositories (distributed source) are responsible for groundwater pollution. The initial 137Cs and 90Sr distributions used in the forecasting of radionuclide migration were determined from their contents in core samples taken from wells drilled in contaminated areas of the RRCKI site. The zone of radionuclide migration is limited by poorly permeable moraine loam from below and by the water table from above. To determine the upper and lower boundaries, these surfaces were mapped in plan view. The data of meteorological observations over a long period were used to map the intensity of precipitation in the studied territory. The density of rocks in the uppermost aquifer and partition coefficients of radionuclides between rocks and groundwater were estimated from the data of laboratory examination of the core samples. The available data on the permeability of rock samples and the results of test pumping out of some wells were involved in the consideration. The results obtained and the data on the water table allowed us to define a gauge problem for determining the distribution of the filtration coefficient in the uppermost aquifer. This problem was solved taking the intensity of precipitation into account. The properties of the uppermost aquifer and the initial radionuclide distribution therein were used as initial data for modeling 137Cs and 90Sr migration on the territory of the RRCKI over 50 years.

Malkovsky, V. I.; Velichkin, V. I.; Gorlinsky, Yu. E.; Vladimirova, E. I.

2009-08-01

165

Jointness: A Selected Bibliography.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

JDEIS is the Joint Doctrine, Education and Training Community Electronic Information System. It encompasses a searchable Joint Doctrine Database, a Joint Education section that includes the JPME Prospective Research Topics Database, as well as award-winni...

L. Garder

2010-01-01

166

The IMERAPlus joint research project for determinations of the Boltzmann constant  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To provide new determinations of the Boltzmann constant, k, which has been asked for by the International Committee for Weights and Measures concerning preparative steps towards new definitions of the kilogram, the ampere, the kelvin and the mole, an iMERAPlus joint research project has coordinated the European activities in this field. In this major European research project the Boltzmann constant has been determined by various methods to support the new definition of the kelvin. The final results of the project are reviewed in this paper. Determinations of the Boltzmann constant k were achieved within the project by all three envisaged methods: acoustic gas thermometry, Doppler broadening technique, and dielectric constant gas thermometry. The results were exploited by the interdisciplinary Committee on Data for Science and Technology (CODATA) in their 2010 adjustment of recommended values for fundamental constants. As a result, the CODATA group recommended a value for k with a relative standard uncertainty about a factor of two smaller than the previous u(k)/k of 1.7×10-6.

Fischer, J.; Fellmuth, B.; Gaiser, C.; Zandt, T.; Pitre, L.; Briaudeau, S.; Sparasci, F.; Truong, D.; Hermier, Y.; Gavioso, R. M.; Guianvarc'h, C.; Albo, P. A. Giuliano; Merlone, A.; Moro, F.; de Podesta, M.; Sutton, G.; Underwood, R.; Machin, G.; del Campo, D.; Segovia Puras, J.; Vega-Maza, D.; Petersen, J.; Hald, J.; Nielsen, L.; Valkiers, S.; Darquié, B.; Bordé, C.; Chardonnet, C.; Daussy, C.; Gianfrani, L.; Castrillo, A.; Laporta, P.; Galzerano, G.

2013-09-01

167

Identifying the Potential for Collaboration between Women's Shelters and Sexual Assault Centres: Comparing and Contrasting the Service Delivery Needs of Clients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many women experience both sexual and domestic violence throughout their lifespan, but do the services of women's shelters and sexual assault centres reflect this reality? Stemming from a joint recommendation, this research project was conducted in partnership by the Alberta Association of Sexual Assault Centres and the Alberta Council of Women's Shelters. Qualitative interviews were conducted with 24 service providers

Sarah Fotheringham; Debra Tomlinson

2009-01-01

168

EuroSoC: towards a joint university\\/industry research infrastructure for system on chip and system in package  

Microsoft Academic Search

A strategy for research and development, as well as for product definition and marketing for electronic systems in view of the incoming nano era requires expertise and even excellence in so many diverse areas that even the largest semiconductor industry in the world, INTEL, cannot conceive it in isolation. The worldwide trend is to develop joint program between industry and

Ahmed Amine Jerraya

2004-01-01

169

An Ecological Footprint for an Early Learning Centre: Identifying Opportunities for Early Childhood Sustainability Education through Interdisciplinary Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this study, engineers and educators worked together to adapt and apply the ecological footprint (EF) methodology to an early learning centre in Brisbane, Australia. Results were analysed to determine how environmental impact can be reduced at the study site and more generally across early childhood settings. It was found that food, transport…

McNichol, Heidi; Davis, Julie Margaret; O'Brien, Katherine R.

2011-01-01

170

Digital goniometric measurement of knee joint motion. Evaluation of usefulness for research settings and clinical practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

An accurate and reproducible measurement method for joint motion is essential for classification of success or failure in therapeutic intervention. Digital goniometry is increasingly used as a method of classification for knee joint excursion. The reliability of goniometry however remains debatable.Aim of the study was to determine both intra- and inter-rater reproducibility in degrees, with an electronic digital inclinometer (EDI

Berry Cleffken; Gerard van Breukelen; Peter Brink; Henk van Mameren; Steven Olde Damink

2007-01-01

171

The research on the stress concentration factor of T-joints under bending load  

Microsoft Academic Search

by terms of the numerical modeling of ABAQUS software, the analysis of the stress concentration factor (SCF) of tubular T-joints subjected to bending load is analyzed in this paper. The magnitude and the distribution of the SCF for tubular T-joints are analyzed. Through the analysis of 712 models, the parametric equations of the maximum and the distribution of the SCF

Jia Zhang; Shuying Qu; Hao Liu; Guoliang Wang

2011-01-01

172

238Pu, 239,240Pu, 241Am, 90Sr and 137Cs in soils around nuclear research centre Rez, near Prague.  

PubMed

Forty-four soil samples were taken around the nuclear research centre Rez, near Prague. The mean activity concentrations of 238Pu, 239,240Pu, 241Am, 90Sr and 137Cs in uncultivated soil were 0.010, 0.26, 0.12, 2.7 and 23 Bq.kg(-1), respectively. Contents of radionuclides in cultivated soil were lower and in forest soil higher than in uncultivated soil. The mean activity ratios of 238Pu/239,240Pu, 241Am/239,240Pu, 90Sr/239,240Pu and 239,240Pu/137Cs in uncultivated soil were 0.041, 0.47, 10.9 and 0.013, respectively. The mean activity ratios in cultivated and forest soils were close to the values given above. It follows from the results that the source of 239,240Pu, 90Sr and 137Cs in the studied area is deposition from atmospheric nuclear tests, in the case of 137Cs also deposition from Chernobyl accident. The contribution of the research centre effluents was not proved for these radionuclides. Increased activity ratio of 241Am/239,240Pu indicates the presence of 241Am in the soils studied emanating from sources other than nuclear tests. Uniform distribution of the 241Am/239,240Pu activity ratio around the nuclear research centre and the absence of an area with evidently higher activity ratio, including at sites lying in the main wind direction, suggest that the additional activity of 241Am does not originate from the nuclear research centre. The additional source might be the deposition following the Chernobyl accident. PMID:14567947

Hölgye, Z; Schlesingerová, E; Tecl, J; Filgas, R

2004-01-01

173

The Iranian Documentation Centre.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the Iranian Documentation Centr (Irandoc) was to collect that portion of the world's literature which was pertinent to Iran's research interests, to organize that material, and to promote its use by Iranian researchers. Stated more succinctly, Irandoc's purpose was to obtain ready access to the world's scientific literature in order…

Harvey, John F.

174

US\\/French joint research program regarding the behavior of polymer base materials subjected to beta radiation: Volume 3, Phase2b expanded test results  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document is the final account of a multiyear joint NRC\\/CEA cooperative research program to investigate the relative effectiveness of beta and gamma irradiations to produce in polymer base electrical insulation and jacket materials. During the program jointly executed by research laboratories in the US (Sandia National Laboratories) and France (Compagnie ORIS Industrie), a number of material and radiation parameters

W. H. Buckalew; J. Chenion; F. Carlin; G. Gaussens; P. Le Tutour; M. Le Meur

1989-01-01

175

Barriers and facilitators to recruitment of physicians and practices for primary care health services research at one centre  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: While some research has been conducted examining recruitment methods to engage physicians and practices in primary care research, further research is needed on recruitment methodology as it remains a recurrent challenge and plays a crucial role in primary care research. This paper reviews recruitment strategies, common challenges, and innovative practices from five recent primary care health services research studies

Sharon Johnston; Clare Liddy; William Hogg; Melissa Donskov; Grant Russell; Elizabeth Gyorfi-Dyke

2010-01-01

176

Breaking the Biological barriers to Cellulosic Ethanol: A Joint Research Agenda  

SciTech Connect

A robust fusion of the agricultural, industrial biotechnology, and energy industries can create a new strategic national capability for energy independence and climate protection. In his State of the Union Address (Bush 2006), President George W. Bush outlined the Advanced Energy Initiative, which seeks to reduce our national dependence on imported oil by accelerating the development of domestic, renewable alternatives to gasoline and diesel fuels. The president has set a national goal of developing cleaner, cheaper, and more reliable alternative energy sources to substantially replace oil imports in the coming years. Fuels derived from cellulosic biomass - the fibrous, woody, and generally inedible portions of plant matter - offer one such alternative to conventional energy sources that can dramatically impact national economic growth, national energy security, and environmental goals. Cellulosic biomass is an attractive energy feedstock because it is an abundant, domestic, renewable source that can be converted to liquid transportation fuels. These fuels can be used readily by current-generation vehicles and distributed through the existing transportation-fuel infrastructure. The Biomass to Biofuels Workshop, held December 7-9, 2005, was convened by the Department of Energy's Office of Biological and Environmental Research in the Office of Science; and the Office of the Biomass Program in the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. The purpose was to define barriers and challenges to a rapid expansion of cellulosic-ethanol production and determine ways to speed solutions through concerted application of modern biology tools as part of a joint research agenda. Although the focus was ethanol, the science applies to additional fuels that include biodiesel and other bioproducts or coproducts having critical roles in any deployment scheme. The core barrier is cellulosic-biomass recalcitrance to processing to ethanol. Biomass is composed of nature's most ready energy source, sugars, but they are locked in a complex polymer composite exquisitely created to resist biological and chemical degradation. Key to energizing a new biofuel industry based on conversion of cellulose (and hemicelluloses) to ethanol is to understand plant cell-wall chemical and physical structures - how they are synthesized and can be deconstructed. With this knowledge, innovative energy crops - plants specifically designed for industrial processing to biofuel - can be developed concurrently with new biology-based treatment and conversion methods. Recent advances in science and technological capabilities, especially those from the nascent discipline of systems biology, promise to accelerate and enhance this development. Resulting technologies will create a fundamentally new process and biorefinery paradigm that will enable an efficient and economic industry for converting plant biomass to liquid fuels. These key barriers and suggested research strategies to address them are described in this report. As technologies mature for accomplishing this task, the technical strategy proceeds through three phases: In the research phase, within 5 years, an understanding of existing feedstocks must be gained to devise sustainable, effective, and economical methods for their harvest, deconstruction, and conversion to ethanol. Research is centered on enzymatic breakdown of cellulosic biomass to component 5- and 6-carbon sugars and lignin, using a combination of thermochemical and biological processes, followed by cofermentation of sugars to specified endproducts such as ethanol. Processes will be integrated and consolidated to reduce costs, improve efficacy, reduce generation of and sensitivity to inhibitors, and improve overall yields and viability in biorefinery environments. The technology deployment phase, within 10 years, will include creation of a new generation of energy crops with enhanced sustainability, yield, and composition, coupled with processes for simultaneous breakdown of biomass to sugars and cofermentation of sugars via new biological system

Mansfield, Betty Kay [ORNL; Alton, Anita Jean [ORNL; Andrews, Shirley H [ORNL; Bownas, Jennifer Lynn [ORNL; Casey, Denise [ORNL; Martin, Sheryl A [ORNL; Mills, Marissa [ORNL; Nylander, Kim [ORNL; Wyrick, Judy M [ORNL

2006-01-01

177

The Importance of Brain Banks for Molecular Neuropathological Research: The New South Wales Tissue Resource Centre Experience  

PubMed Central

New developments in molecular neuropathology have evoked increased demands for postmortem human brain tissue. The New South Wales Tissue Resource Centre (TRC) at The University of Sydney has grown from a small tissue collection into one of the leading international brain banking facilities, which operates with best practice and quality control protocols. The focus of this tissue collection is on schizophrenia and allied disorders, alcohol use disorders and controls. This review highlights changes in TRC operational procedures dictated by modern neuroscience, and provides examples of applications of modern molecular techniques to study the neuropathogenesis of many different brain disorders.

Dedova, Irina; Harding, Antony; Sheedy, Donna; Garrick, Therese; Sundqvist, Nina; Hunt, Clare; Gillies, Juliette; Harper, Clive G.

2009-01-01

178

Winnipeg Centre Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Winnipeg Centre Project is a field-based, work-study program that attempts to create more appropriate education for the inner-city child. Sponsored by the Planning and Research Branch of the Department of Colleges and Universities Affairs and administered by Brandon University in consultation with the Winnipeg School Division, the project is…

Manitoba Dept. of Education, Winnipeg.

179

"We Are like Dictionaries, Miss, You Can Look Things up in Us": Evaluating Child-Centred Research Methods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research concerning children is often presented with only a brief comment on the research methods adopted. This paper takes a "behind the scenes" view and I discuss my adoption of a non-hierarchical "least adult role" adapted from Mandell's work in 1991 to undertake qualitative research in the sensitive area of children's multicultural awareness…

Elton-Chalcraft, Sally

2011-01-01

180

Research on fatigue behavior evaluation and fatigue fracture mechanisms of cruciform welded joints  

Microsoft Academic Search

The applications of infrared thermographic method and the relationship between the microstructures and mechanical properties of materials were reviewed. Experimental tests, using the thermographic method, have been carried out in order to evaluate the fatigue behavior of cruciform welded joints subjected to a high mean stress. A good agreement was achieved between the predicted values and those obtained by the

J. L. Fan; X. L. Guo; C. W. Wu; Y. G. Zhao

2011-01-01

181

Research and Development of the Intelligently-Controlled Prosthetic Ankle Joint  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is to develop a prosthetic ankle joint intelligently controlled by specially designed linear MR (magneto-rheological) brake. MR fluid changes its rheology depending on the intension of an applied magnetic field. The brake using MR fluid (we call it MR brake) has a simple structure and can control its braking force with a low voltage. Prosthesis

Chengqiu Li; Miwa Tokuda; Junji Furusho; K. Koyanagi; S. Morimoto; Y. Hashimoto; A. Nakagawa; Y. Akazawa

2006-01-01

182

Perl at the Joint Astronomy Centre  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Perl is used extensively at the JAC (UKIRT and JCMT) and because of the language's flexibility (enabling us to interface perl to any library) we are finding that it is possible to write all of our utilities in it. This simplifies support and aids code reuse (via the module system and object oriented interface) as well as shortening development time. Currently we have developed interfaces to messaging systems (ADAM and DRAMA), I/O libraries (NDF, GSD), astronomical libraries (SLALIB) and the Starlink noticeboard system (NBS). We have also developed tools to aid in data taking (the JCMT observation desk) and data processing (surf and orac-dr) This paper will briefly review the facilities available, with an emphasis on those which might be of interest to other observatories.

Jenness, Tim; Economou, Frossie; Tilanus, Remo P. J.; Best, Casey; Prestage, Richard M.; Shimek, Pam; Glazebrook, Karl; Farrell, Tony J.

183

Oil shale, tar sand, coal research, advanced exploratory process technology jointly sponsored research. Quarterly technical progress report, April--June 1992  

SciTech Connect

Accomplishments for the quarter are presented for the following areas of research: oil shale, tar sand, coal, advanced exploratory process technology, and jointly sponsored research. Oil shale research includes; oil shale process studies, environmental base studies for oil shale, and miscellaneous basic concept studies. Tar sand research covers process development. Coal research includes; underground coal gasification, coal combustion, integrated coal processing concepts, and solid waste management. Advanced exploratory process technology includes; advanced process concepts, advanced mitigation concepts, and oil and gas technology. Jointly sponsored research includes: organic and inorganic hazardous waste stabilization; development and validation of a standard test method for sequential batch extraction fluid; operation and evaluation of the CO{sub 2} HUFF-N-PUFF Process; fly ash binder for unsurfaced road aggregates; solid state NMR analysis of Mesa Verde Group, Greater Green River Basin, tight gas sands; flow-loop testing of double-wall pipe for thermal applications; characterization of petroleum residue; shallow oil production using horizontal wells with enhanced recovery techniques; and menu driven access to the WDEQ Hydrologic Data Management Systems.

Not Available

1992-12-01

184

Tsinghua-Johns Hopkins Joint Center for Biomedical Engineering Research: scientific and cultural exchange in undergraduate engineering.  

PubMed

A model for an international undergraduate biomedical engineering research exchange program is outlined. In 2008, the Johns Hopkins University in collaboration with Tsinghua University in Beijing, China established the Tsinghua-Johns Hopkins Joint Center for Biomedical Engineering Research. Undergraduate biomedical engineering students from both universities are offered the opportunity to participate in research at the overseas institution. Programs such as these will not only provide research experiences for undergraduates but valuable cultural exchange and enrichment as well. Currently, strict course scheduling and rigorous curricula in most biomedical engineering programs may present obstacles for students to partake in study abroad opportunities. Universities are encouraged to harbor abroad opportunities for undergraduate engineering students, for which this particular program can serve as a model. PMID:22255123

Wisneski, Andrew D; Huang, Lixia; Hong, Bo; Wang, Xiaoqin

2011-01-01

185

The contribution of research results to dramatic improvements in post-abortion care: Centre Hospitalier de Libreville, Gabon.  

PubMed

In 2009, we published an article in RHM showing a large delay in provision of emergency obstetric care to women who died from unsafe abortion complications at the Centre Hospitalier de Libreville. The paper raised awareness among hospital and government authorities of a serious delay in timely treatment, and they supported the recommendation of the hospital's Maternal Mortality Committee to greatly reduce the delay and also improve the care of women with abortion complications. Training in manual vacuum aspiration (MVA) for uterine evacuation was introduced, for use by midwives as well as obstetrician-gynaecologists, with local anaesthesia. The mean delay in providing care to women with abortion complications in the 2008 findings was compared to data from the five months from 1 November 2011 through 31 March 2012. In 2008, all incomplete abortions were treated by physicians with dilatation & evacuation (D&C) or electric vacuum aspiration (EVA) with general anaesthesia. In 2011-12, two-thirds of women were treated with manual vacuum aspiration with local anaesthesia instead, one half of them by midwives. The mean delay between presentation and treatment was 18.0 hours in 2008 and 1.8 hours in 2011-12. The mean delay did not differ between women treated with MVA or D&C/EVA, nor if treated by midwives or physicians. PMID:23245404

Mayi-Tsonga, Sosthène; Assoumou, Pamphile; Olé, Boniface Sima; Ntamack, Jacques Bang; Meyé, Jean François; Souza, Maria Helena; Faúndes, Anibal

2012-12-01

186

Oil shale, tar sand, coal research advanced exploratory process technology, jointly sponsored research. Quarterly technical progress report, October--December 1992  

SciTech Connect

Accomplishments for the past quarter are presented for the following five tasks: oil shale; tar sand; coal; advanced exploratory process technology; and jointly sponsored research. Oil shale research covers oil shale process studies. Tar sand research is on process development of Recycle Oil Pyrolysis and Extraction (ROPE) Process. Coal research covers: coal combustion; integrated coal processing concepts; and solid waste management. Advanced exploratory process technology includes: advanced process concepts;advanced mitigation concepts; and oil and gas technology. Jointly sponsored research includes: organic and inorganic hazardous waste stabilization; CROW field demonstration with Bell Lumber and Pole; development and validation of a standard test method for sequential batch extraction fluid; PGI demonstration project; operation and evaluation of the CO{sub 2} HUFF-N-PUFF Process; fly ash binder for unsurfaced road aggregates; solid state NMR analysis of Mesaverde Group, Greater Green River Basin, tight gas sands; flow-loop testing of double-wall pipe for thermal applications; characterization of petroleum residue; shallow oil production using horizontal wells with enhanced oil recovery techniques; surface process study for oil recovery using a thermal extraction process; NMR analysis of samples from the ocean drilling program; in situ treatment of manufactured gas plant contaminated soils demonstration program; and solid state NMR analysis of naturally and artificially matured kerogens.

Speight, J.G.

1992-12-31

187

Oil shale, tar sand, coal research, advanced exploratory process technology, jointly sponsored research. Quarterly technical progress report, January--March 1993  

SciTech Connect

Accomplishments for the past quarter are briefly described for the following areas of research: oil shale; tar sand; coal; advanced exploratory process technology; and jointly sponsored research. Oil shale and tar sand researches cover processing studies. Coal research includes: coal combustion; integrated coal processing concepts; and solid waste management. Advanced exploratory process technology covers: advanced process concepts; advanced mitigation concepts; and oil and gas technology. Jointly sponsored research includes: organic and inorganic hazardous waste stabilization; CROW{sup TM} field demonstration with Bell Lumber and Pole; development and validation of a standard test method for sequential batch extraction fluid; operation and evaluation of the CO{sub 2} HUFF-N-PUFF Process; fly ash binder for unsurfaced road aggregates; solid-state NMR analysis of Mesaverde Group, Greater Green River Basin tight gas sands; characterization of petroleum residue; shallow oil production using horizontal wells with enhanced oil recovery techniques; surface process study for oil recovery using a thermal extraction process; oil field waste cleanup using tank bottom recovery process; remote chemical sensor development; in situ treatment of manufactured gas plant contaminated soils demonstration program; solid-state NMR analysis of naturally and artificially matured kerogens; and development of an effective method for the clean-up of natural gas.

Not Available

1993-09-01

188

British Atmospheric Data Centre (BADC)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The British Atmospheric Data Centre (BADC) is designed to "assist UK atmospheric researchers to locate, access and interpret atmospheric data." With this aim in mind, the BADC provides one of the only permanent archives for data sets from Natural Environment Research Council (NERC)-funded projects. Also, the Centre serves as a single repository for third party data sets of value to the atmospheric research community. Among the 46 data sets included in the searchable archive, data pertaining to ozone experiments; stratosphere, mesosphere, and troposphere measurements; sea temperatures; and forecasting are all available here. The Centre is an outstanding single source for atmospheric data.

189

The Beginning Development of a Model for Joint Research Between a Hospital Social Work Department and a School of Social Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

Efforts of agencies and schools of social work to encourage goals of research and professional writing among their staff and faculty have brought uneven results. A medical center and a graduate school of social work are in the process of implementing a joint research model which encourages practice based research and publication. This paper describes the beginning structures of the

Rebecca A. Pruet; Timothy P. Shea; Jerome Zimmerman; Geraldine Parish

1991-01-01

190

Institute for the Study of Sparsely Populated Areas. A Centre for Interdisciplinary Research into Sparsely Populated and Peripheral Regions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Institute for the Study of Sparsely Populated Areas is a multidisciplinary research unit which acts to coordinate, further, and initiate studies of the economic and social conditions of sparsely populated areas. Short summaries of the eight studies completed in the session of 1977-78 indicate work in such areas as the study of political life…

Sadler, Peter G.

191

Systemic transformation, anticipatory culture, and knowledge spaces: constructing organisational capacities in roadmapping projects at VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article suggests that, in the current interlinked innovation meta-system, research and technology organisations (RTOs) would benefit from developing two systemic capacities: partial structural openness enabling flexibility in organisation and an anticipatory culture that builds on an anticipatory agency, that is, a proactive participatory approach that leads to action. In this article, we explore the questions of systemic transformations and

Toni Ahlqvist; Minna Halonen; Annele Eerola; Sirkku Kivisaari; Johanna Kohl; Raija Koivisto; Jouko Myllyoja; Nina Wessberg

2012-01-01

192

The Terry Fox Research Institute's Atlantic Dialogue on patient-centred care in a personalized treatment world  

PubMed Central

The words “personalized medicine” are used daily now in cancer care and research conversations. But what do those words really mean to us as patients, caregivers, physicians, managers of the health system, or researchers? Do we know how personalized medicine will affect us over the next decade? Are we prepared? Those and other questions are part of a continuing conversation that the Terry Fox Research Institute is having with the Canadian public in 2010 as part of its public research and outreach project, The Pan-Canadian Dialogue Series on Cancer: Let’s Get Personal. The first dialogue was held in St. John’s, Newfoundland and Labrador, April 12, to coincide with the 30th anniversary of the Terry Fox Marathon of Hope. It featured speakers and panellists from Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island. Three core issues framed the Atlantic discussion: cancer and population health, cancer and the health system, and the science behind cancer care.

Curwin, K.; Johnston, M.; Sutcliffe, S.

2010-01-01

193

Students' Failure to Submit Research Projects on Time: A Case Study from Masvingo Regional Centre at Zimbabwe Open University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study sought to determine lecturers' and students' perceptions of factors contributing to students' failure to submit research projects on time in three departments of the Zimbabwe Open University. The study employed a descriptive survey design and was both quantitative and qualitative. The questionnaire used as a data-gathering instrument had…

Chabaya, Owence; Chiome, Chrispen; Chabaya, Raphinos A.

2009-01-01

194

IRC International Water Centre  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The IRC International Water Centre was founded in 1968, and its headquarters is in the Netherlands. Their website's homepage states that the goal of the IRC is "[b]ridging the knowledge gap and joint learning with partners for improved, low-cost water supply, sanitation and hygiene in developing countries." A heartwarming story on the homepage, entitled "India, Jharkhand: with access to the toilet came access to dignity", tells of the increasing access poorer people have to toilets in Jharkhand. However, those people with special needs were not accounted for in the toilet program. A WaterAid worker became aware of a young disabled man's plight and advocated for him at village meetings, thus bringing to light the need for accessibility. The "Themes" link on the left side of any page explains sixteen areas that the IRC and its partners are trying to collect more knowledge about, such as "Local Governance", "Innovative Communication", and "Gender and Equity".

195

"Think Tank" on Research into Rural Education. Proceedings of the Conference Held by the Rural Education Research and Development Centre (Townsville, Queensland, Australia June 10-14, 1990).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A conference was held to develop a plan of research into rural education in Australia and to form a consortium of rural education researchers. Part I of this proceedings contains an introductory paper, "Rural Education: The State of the Art" (Steve Clark), which analyzes research in rural education in Australia in recent decades with regard to…

McShane, M., Ed.; Walton, J., Ed.

196

Research investigations in oil shale, tar sand, coal research, advanced exploratory process technology, and advanced fuels research: Volume 2 -- Jointly sponsored research program. Final report, October 1986--September 1993  

SciTech Connect

Numerous studies have been conducted in five principal areas: oil shale, tar sand, underground coal gasification, advanced process technology, and advanced fuels research. In subsequent years, underground coal gasification was broadened to be coal research, under which several research activities were conducted that related to coal processing. The most significant change occurred in 1989 when the agreement was redefined as a Base Program and a Jointly Sponsored Research Program (JSRP). Investigations were conducted under the Base Program to determine the physical and chemical properties of materials suitable for conversion to liquid and gaseous fuels, to test and evaluate processes and innovative concepts for such conversions, to monitor and determine environmental impacts related to development of commercial-sized operations, and to evaluate methods for mitigation of potential environmental impacts. This report is divided into two volumes: Volume 1 consists of 28 summaries that describe the principal research efforts conducted under the Base Program in five topic areas. Volume 2 describes tasks performed within the JSRP. Research conducted under this agreement has resulted in technology transfer of a variety of energy-related research information. A listing of related publications and presentations is given at the end of each research topic summary. More specific and detailed information is provided in the topical reports referenced in the related publications listings.

Smith, V.E.

1994-09-01

197

British Oceanographic Data Centre  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The British Oceanographic Data Centre (BODC) is a component of the UK Natural Environment Research Council's (NERC) environmental data center network and has designated responsibility for marine data. BODC's mission is to operate a world class data center in support of UK marine science by maintaining and developing the UK's national oceanographic database, developing innovative marine data products and digital atlases, collaborating, on behalf of the UK, in the international exchange and management of oceanographic data, and making high quality oceanographic data readily available to UK research scientists in academia, government and industry.

198

POTENTIAL FOR JOINT RESEARCH BETWEEN EPA AND THE U.S. ARMY  

EPA Science Inventory

The environmental problems being faced by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the US Army are closely related, and the research needed to address them overlaps in many areas. his is especially true in the area of hazardous waste site remediation research aimed at the...

199

From Joint Experimentation to Laissez-Faire: Transdisciplinary Innovation Research for the Institutional Strengthening of a Water Users Association in Khorezm, Uzbekistan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This article assesses a participatory action and innovation research experience, in which project researchers, farmers and staff members of a local water users association (WUA) came together to: (a) jointly test and adapt a social mobilization and institutional strengthening approach according to the local context, and by doing so, to…

Djanibekov, Nodir; Hornidge, Anna-Katharina; Ul-Hassan, Mehmood

2012-01-01

200

Joint Assessment of Renewable Energy and Water Desalination Research Center (REWDC) Program Capabilities and Facilities In Radioactive Waste Management  

SciTech Connect

The primary goal of this visit was to perform a joint assessment of the Renewable Energy and Water Desalination Center's (REWDC) program in radioactive waste management. The visit represented the fourth technical and scientific interaction with Libya under the DOE/NNSA Sister Laboratory Arrangement. Specific topics addressed during the visit focused on Action Sheet P-05-5, ''Radioactive Waste Management''. The Team, comprised of Mo Bissani (Team Lead), Robert Fischer, Scott Kidd, and Jim Merrigan, consulted with REWDC management and staff. The team collected information, discussed particulars of the technical collaboration and toured the Tajura facility. The tour included the waste treatment facility, waste storage/disposal facility, research reactor facility, hot cells and analytical labs. The assessment team conducted the first phase of Task A for Action Sheet 5, which involved a joint assessment of the Radioactive Waste Management Program. The assessment included review of the facilities dedicated to the management of radioactive waste at the Tourja site, the waste management practices, proposed projects for the facility and potential impacts on waste generation and management.

Bissani, M; Fischer, R; Kidd, S; Merrigan, J

2006-04-03

201

Cell-based approaches to joint surface repair: a research perspective.  

PubMed

Repair of lesions of the articular cartilage lining the joints remains a major clinical challenge. Surgical interventions include osteochondral autograft transfer and microfracture. They can provide some relief of symptoms to patients, but generally fail to durably repair the cartilage. Autologous chondrocyte implantation has thus far shown the most promise for the durable repair of cartilage, with long-term follow-up studies indicating improved structural and functional outcomes. However, disadvantages of this technique include the need for additional surgery, availability of sufficient chondrocytes for implantation, and maintenance of their phenotype during culture-expansion. Mesenchymal stem cells offer an attractive alternative cell-source for cartilage repair, due to their ease of isolation and amenability to ex vivo expansion while retaining stem cell properties. Preclinical and clinical studies have demonstrated the potential of mesenchymal stem cells to promote articular cartilage repair, but have also highlighted several key challenges. Most notably, the quality and durability of the repair tissue, its resistance to endochondral ossification, and its effective integration with the surrounding host tissue. In addition, challenges exist related to the heterogeneity of mesenchymal stem cell preparations and their quality-control, as well as optimising the delivery method. Finally, as our knowledge of the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying articular cartilage repair increases, promising studies are emerging employing bioactive scaffolds or therapeutics that elicit an effective tissue repair response through activation and mobilisation of endogenous stem and progenitor cells. PMID:23598176

Roelofs, A J; Rocke, J P J; De Bari, C

2013-04-15

202

Organizational value in enhancing individual research use capacity: a joint evaluation project led by EXTRA and SEARCH Canada.  

PubMed

Evidence-informed decision-making supports high-quality, efficient healthcare. Programs such as SEARCH Classic (Swift Efficient Application of Research in Community Health) and EXTRA (Executive Training for Research Application) give health system decision-makers the skills and experience required to apply the best evidence to their work. But effectively leading change in how evidence comes to bear on the overall management and delivery of care requires strategies aimed at whole organizations and systems. The Canadian Health Services Research Foundation (CHSRF, EXTRA's managing organization) and SEARCH Canada (the SEARCH Classic program's managing organization) recently launched a jointly commissioned research study to assess organizational mechanisms and the impacts of these programs. Moving away from a focus on individual trainees and their immediate organizational connections, this evaluation builds on the evidence to date that leads to the hypothesis that a critical mass of highly educated, evidence-savvy decision-makers (senior executives in the case of EXTRA; middle- and front-line managers in the case of SEARCH Canada) enhance organizational capacity to use knowledge and ultimately lead to a more systematic use of evidence at the systems level (Champagne et al. 2008). PMID:19369806

Fletcher, Laura; Thornhill, Jennifer

2009-01-01

203

RTEMS Centre - Support and Maintenance Centre to RTEMS Operating System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

RTEMS CENTRE - Support and Maintenance Centre to RTEMS Operating System is a joint ESA/Portuguese Task Force initiative to develop a support and maintenance centre to the Real-Time Executive for Multiprocessor Systems (RTEMS). This paper gives a high level visibility of the progress, the results obtained and the future work in the RTEMS CENTRE [6] and in the RTEMS Improvement [7] projects. RTEMS CENTRE started officially in November 2006, with the RTEMS 4.6.99.2 version. A full analysis of RTEMS operating system was produced. The architecture was analysed in terms of conceptual, organizational and operational concepts. The original objectives [1] of the centre were primarily to create and maintain technical expertise and competences in this RTOS, to develop a website to provide the European Space Community an entry point for obtaining support (http://rtemscentre.edisoft.pt), to design, develop, maintain and integrate some RTEMS support tools (Timeline Tool, Configuration and Management Tools), to maintain flight libraries and Board Support Packages, to develop a strong relationship with the World RTEMS Community and finally to produce some considerations in ARINC-653, DO-178B and ECSS E-40 standards. RTEMS Improvement is the continuation of the RTEMS CENTRE. Currently the RTEMS, version 4.8.0, is being facilitated for a future qualification. In this work, the validation material is being produced following the Galileo Software Standards Development Assurance Level B [5]. RTEMS is being completely tested, errors analysed, dead and deactivated code removed and tests produced to achieve 100% statement and decision coverage of source code [2]. The SW to exploit the LEON Memory Management Unit (MMU) hardware will be also added. A brief description of the expected implementations will be given.

Silva, H.; Constantino, A.; Freitas, D.; Coutinho, M.; Faustino, S.; Mota, M.; Colaço, P.; Sousa, J.; Dias, L.; Damjanovic, B.; Zulianello, M.; Rufino, J.

2009-05-01

204

Woman-centred care.  

PubMed

Changes over the past decade have emphasised the individual service user and their relationship with the health service. Within the maternity services this has been interpreted as woman-centred care a result of key initiatives; the Winterton Report (House of Commons, 1992. Maternity Services. Second Report of the Health Committee (Winterton Report), Vol. 1. HMSO, London) and Changing Childbirth (DoH, 1993a, Changing childbirth: reports of the expert maternity group parts 1 & 2. HMSO, London). Changing Childbirth outlined key principles of the maternity services and the need for the woman (and her partner, if she wishes) to be the focus of care. The key principles are choice, continuity and control. High quality care depends on the recognition of individuals as having unique needs which continues to be reflected within contemporary policy documents (DoH, 1997, The new NHS: modern and dependable. HMSO, London). This paper presents findings related to the provision of woman-centred care from a national research and development study. The study design incorporated (i): a national survey which was undertaken with midwives, midwife supervisors and doctors; and (ii): in-depth case studies in which information was obtained through interviews with midwives, midwife supervisors, educators, managers, doctors and mothers. Midwives, at all levels, are involved in changing maternity service provision and adapting to new systems of care which aim to increase continuity of care and carer for the woman. The researchers sought to understand how woman-centred care was interpreted and experienced in practice. The findings have been used to identify the continuing educational needs of midwives, and to develop an open learning educational package to meet identified need. The curriculum was designed to enhance the move towards the provision of a more integrated woman-centred service. PMID:11223063

Pope, R; Graham, L; Patel, S

2001-04-01

205

Joint nuclear safety research projects between the US and Russian Federation International Nuclear Safety Centers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Russian Federation Ministry for Atomic Energy (MINATOM) and the US Department of Energy (USDOE) formed international Nuclear Safety Centers in October 1995 and July 1996, respectively, to collaborate on nuclear safety research. Since January 1997, the...

S. E. Bougaenko A. E. Kraev D. L. Hill J. C. Braun A. E. Klickman

1998-01-01

206

Beyond Framework: Our Continuing Joint EFforts in Cancer Research Activities Report 2005.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

With more than five years of collaborative experience to build upon, the Ireland-Northern Ireland-National Cancer Institute Cancer Consortium continues to facilitate valuable research and training opportunities for cancer professionals on the island of Ir...

2005-01-01

207

Research and Technology Transfer Ion Implantation Technology for Specialty Materials: Proceedings of a joint workshop  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The ion implantation research and technology transfer workshop brought together a diverse group of academic, industrial, and government participants. Several key issues highlighted were: (1) a need exists for new technology transfer infrastructures between universities, research labs and industry; (2) ion implantation technology has promise for several Army and industry applications because of environmental concerns and technological benefits; (3) the U.S. ion implantation industry is primarily service oriented; and (4) the cost of ion implantation technology could be significantly reduced if larger scale production equipment was available for on-line processing. A need exists in the U.S. for mechanisms and funds to develop such equipment.

Reeber, Robert R.

1991-02-01

208

Dropouts, Stopouts, Optouts at Del Mar College: Spring 1991. Report of a Joint Research Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A research project investigated 2,313 persons who attended Del Mar College (Texas) during fall 1990 but did not enroll for spring 1991. Four sets of data were collected: (1) limited demographic information on the total student body; (2) demographic information drawn from school records to describe all nonreturnees; (3) demographic information…

Luckie, Jo Ann I.; Bonham, L. Adrianne

209

Oil shale, tar sand, coal research, advanced exploratory process technology, jointly sponsored research. Quarterly technical progress report, April--June 1993  

SciTech Connect

Progress made in five areas of research is described briefly. The subtask in oil shale research is on oil shale process studies. For tar sand the subtask reported is on process development. Coal research includes the following subtasks: Coal combustion; integrated coal processing concepts; and solid waste management. Advanced exploratory process technology includes the following: Advanced process concepts; advanced mitigation concepts; oil and gas technology. Jointly sponsored research includes: Organic and inorganic hazardous waste stabilization; CROW{sup TM} field demonstration with Bell Lumber and Pole; development and validation of a standard test method for sequential batch extraction fluid; operation and evaluation of the CO{sup 2} HUFF-N-PUFF Process; fly ash binder for unsurfaced road aggregates; solid-state NMR analysis of Mesaverde Group, Greater Green River Basin, tight gas sands; characterization of petroleum residua; shallow oil production using horizontal wells with enhanced oil recovery techniques; surface process study for oil recovery using a thermal extraction process;NMR analysis of samples from the ocean drilling program; oil field waste cleanup using tank bottom recovery process; remote chemical sensor development; in situ treatment of manufactured gas plant contaminated soils demonstration program; solid-state NMR analysis of Mowry formation shale from different sedimentary basins; solid-state NMR analysis of naturally and artificially matured kerogens; and development of effective method for the clean-up of natural gas.

Not Available

1993-09-01

210

Jointly sponsored research program. Quarterly technical progress report, October--December 1993  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is a progress report on work performed by Western Research Institute for the U.S. DOE, Morgantown Energy Technology Center in the period October- December 1993. Tasks addressed include: development and demonstration of a practical electric downhole steam generator for thermal recovery of heavy oil and tar; wetting behavior of selected crude oil\\/brine\\/rock systems; coal gasification, power generation, and product

Deans

1994-01-01

211

A Research of Grid Manufacturing and Its Application in Custom Artificial Joint  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This paper presents the framework of Grid Manufacturing, which neatly combines Grid technology with the infrastructure of\\u000a advanced manufacturing technology. It studies the Grid-oriented knowledge description and acquisition, and constructs the\\u000a distributed Knowledge Grid model. It also deals with the protocol of node description in collaborative design, and builds\\u000a up the distributed collaborative design model. And the research on the

Li Chen; Hong Deng; Qianni Deng; Zhenyu Wu

2004-01-01

212

Oil shale, tar sand, coal research, advanced exploratory process technology, jointly sponsored research. Quarterly technical progress report, July--September 1992  

SciTech Connect

Progress made in five research programs is described. The subtasks in oil shale study include oil shale process studies and unconventional applications and markets for western oil shale.The tar sand study is on recycle oil pyrolysis and extraction (ROPE) process. Four tasks are described in coal research: underground coal gasification; coal combustion; integrated coal processing concepts; and sold waste management. Advanced exploratory process technology includes: advanced process concepts; advanced mitigation concepts; and oil and gas technology. Jointly sponsored research covers: organic and inorganic hazardous waste stabilization; CROW field demonstration with Bell Lumber and Pole; development and validation of a standard test method for sequential batch extraction fluid; PGI demonstration project; operation and evaluation of the CO{sub 2} HUFF-N-PUFF process; fly ash binder for unsurfaced road aggregates; solid state NMR analysis of Mesaverde group, Greater Green River Basin, tight gas sands; flow-loop testing of double-wall pipe for thermal applications; shallow oil production using horizontal wells with enhanced oil recovery techniques; NMR analysis of sample from the ocean drilling program; and menu driven access to the WDEQ hydrologic data management system.

Not Available

1992-12-31

213

The prospects for using (Q)SARs in a changing political environment--high expectations and a key role for the european commission's joint research centre  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent policy developments in the European union (EU) and within the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) have placed increased emphasis on the use of structure-activity relationships (SARs) and quantitative structure-activity relationships (QSARs), collectively referred to as (Q)SARs, within various regulatory programmes for the assessment of chemicals and products. The most significant example within the EU is the European

A. P. Worth; C. J. Van Leeuwen; T. Hartung

2004-01-01

214

The DESY Grid Centre  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

DESY is one of the world-wide leading centers for research with particle accelerators, synchrotron light and astroparticles. DESY participates in LHC as a Tier-2 center, supports on-going analyzes of HERA data, is a leading partner for ILC, and runs the National Analysis Facility (NAF) for LHC and ILC in the framework of the Helmholtz Alliance, Physics at the Terascale. For the research with synchrotron light major new facilities are operated and built (FLASH, PETRA-III, and XFEL). DESY furthermore acts as Data-Tier1 centre for the Neutrino detector IceCube. Established within the EGI-project DESY operates a grid infrastructure which supports a number of virtual Organizations (VO), incl. ATLAS, CMS, and LHCb. Furthermore, DESY hosts some of HEP and non-HEP VOs, such as the HERA experiments and ILC as well as photon science communities. The support of the new astroparticle physics VOs IceCube and CTA is currently set up. As the global structure of the grid offers huge resources which are perfect for batch-like computing, DESY has set up the National Analysis Facility (NAF) which complements the grid to allow German HEP users for efficient data analysis. The grid infrastructure and the NAF use the same physics data which is distributed via the grid. We call the conjunction of grid and NAF the DESY Grid Centre. In the contribution to CHEP2012 we will in depth discuss the conceptional and operational aspects of our multi-VO and multi-community Grid Centre and present the system setup. We will in particular focus on the interplay of Grid and NAF and present experiences of the operations.

Haupt, A.; Gellrich, A.; Kemp, Y.; Leffhalm, K.; Ozerov, D.; Wegner, P.

2012-12-01

215

An exploratory research on the formation and performance of Sino-foreign joint venture based on the Resource Based Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

According to the Resource-Based Theory, the Sino-foreign joint venture is established to overcome the resource limits and gain the complementary resources. The resource uniqueness of joint ventures is determined by the resources complementary between the China company and foreign company, which brings about the potential competition advantages and the potential performance for the Sino-foreign joint ventures. In the process of

Huiming Cai

2011-01-01

216

RTEMS CENTRE - RTEMS Improvement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During the last two years, EDISOFT's RTEMS CENTRE team [1], jointly with the European Space Agency and with the support of the worldwide RTEMS community [2], have been developing an activity to facilitate the qualification of the real-time operating system RTEMS (Real-Time Operating System for Multiprocessor Systems). This paper intends to give a high level visibility of the progress and the results obtained in the RTEMS Improvement [3] activity. The primary objective [4] of the project is to improve the RTEMS product, its documentation and to facilitate the qualification of RTEMS for future space missions, taking into consideration the specific operational requirements. The sections below provide a brief overview of the RTEMS operating system and the activities performed in the RTEMS Improvement project, which includes the selection of API managers to be qualified, the tailoring process, the requirements analysis, the reverse engineering and design of the RTEMS, the quality assurance process, the ISVV activities, the test campaign, the results obtained, the criticality analysis and the facilitation of qualification process.

Silva, H.; Constantino, A.; Freitas, D.; Coutinho, M.; Faustino, S.; Sousa, J.; Dias, L.; Zulianello, M.

2010-08-01

217

Learning Disabilities: Implications for Policy regarding Research and Practice--A Report by the National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities, March 2011  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities (NJCLD) affirms that the construct of learning disabilities represents a valid, unique, and heterogeneous group of disorders, and that recognition of this construct is essential for sound policy and practice. An extensive body of scientific research on learning disabilities continues to…

Learning Disabilities: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2012

2012-01-01

218

US\\/French joint research program regarding the behavior of polymer base materials subjected to beta radiation: Volume 2, Phase2a screening tests: (Final report)  

Microsoft Academic Search

As part of the ongoing joint NRC\\/CEA cooperative test program to investigate the relative effectiveness of beta and gamma irradiation to produce damage in polymer base materials, ethylene propylene rubber (EPR) specimens, in slab geometry, were exposed to Cobalt-60 gamma rays and accelerator produced electron beams. Specimens were irradiated and evaluated at research facilities in the US (Sandia National Laboratories)

W. H. Buckalew; F. J. Wyant; J. Chenion; F. Carlin; G. Gaussens; P. Le Tutour; M. Le Meur

1987-01-01

219

PROCEEDINGS: JOINT SYMPOSIUM ON DRY SO2 AND SIMULTANEOUS SO2/NOX CONTROL TECHNOLOGIES (1ST). VOLUME 1. FUNDAMENTAL RESEARCH AND PROCESS DEVELOPMENT  

EPA Science Inventory

Forty six papers describing recent advances in dry sorbent injection technologies for SO2 control were presented at the 1st Joint Symposium on Dry SO2 and Simultaneous SO2/NOx Control Technologies. These papers covered the following topics: fundamental research; pilot-scale devel...

220

The Impact of Assessment on Student LearningHow Can the Research Literature Practically Help to Inform the Development of Departmental Assessment Strategies and Learner-Centred Assessment Practices?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the context of a worldwide paradigm shift towards student-centred outcomes-based approaches, and at a time when many UK departments are developing learning, teaching and assessment strategies, this article reviews what the research literature says about the impact of assessment on students’ learning. It then proceeds to translate that into practical suggestions for practice with the specific intention that this

Chris Rust

2002-01-01

221

Case mix, outcome and length of stay for admissions to adult, general critical care units in England, Wales and Northern Ireland: the Intensive Care National Audit & Research Centre Case Mix Programme Database  

Microsoft Academic Search

INTRODUCTION: The present paper describes the methods of data collection and validation employed in the Intensive Care National Audit & Research Centre Case Mix Programme (CMP), a national comparative audit of outcome for adult, critical care admissions. The paper also describes the case mix, outcome and activity of the admissions in the Case Mix Programme Database (CMPD). METHODS: The CMP

David A Harrison; Anthony R Brady; Kathy Rowan

2004-01-01

222

Jointly sponsored research program. Quarterly technical progress report, April--June, 1994  

SciTech Connect

Objectives, accomplishments, procedures, and results are briefly described for each of the following 18 research projects: Development and demonstration of a practical electric downhole steam generator for thermal recovery of heavy oil and tar; Wetting behavior of selected crude oil/brine/rock systems; Coal gasification, power generation, and product market study; The impact of leachate from Clean Coal Technology waste on the stability of clay liners; Investigation of coprocessing of heavy oil, automobile shredder residue, and coal; Injection into coal seams for simultaneous CO{sub 2} mitigation and enhanced recovery of coalbed methane; Optimization of carbonizer operations in the FMC Coke Process; Chemical sensor and field screening technology development; Demonstration of the Koppelman Series C Process using a batch test unit with Powder River Basin coal as feed; Remote chemical sensor development; Market assessment and technical feasibility study of PFBC ash use; Solid-state NMR analysis and interpretation of naturally and artificially matured kerogens; CROW{trademark} field demonstration with bell lumber and pole; ``B`` series pilot plant tests; In situ treatment of manufactured gas plant contaminated soils demonstration program; Development and demonstration of a wood-fired gas turbine system; NMR analysis of Mowry Formation shale from different sedimentary basins; and Acid-mine drainage prevention, control, and treatment technology development for the Stockett/Sand Coulee Area.

Not Available

1994-10-01

223

Computer networks for financial activity management, control and statistics of databases of economic administration at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Modern information technologies urge natural sciences to further development. But it comes together with evaluation of infrastructures, to spotlight favorable conditions for the development of science and financial base in order to prove and protect legally new research. Any scientific development entails accounting and legal protection. In the report, we consider a new direction in software, organization and control of common databases on the example of the electronic document handling, which functions in some departments of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research.

Tyupikova, T. V.; Samoilov, V. N.

2003-04-01

224

The Danish Centre for Strategic Research in Type 2 Diabetes (DD2) Project: rationale and planned nationwide studies of genetic predictors, physical exercise, and individualized pharmacological treatment  

PubMed Central

Here we provide an overview of the rationale and methods of a series of planned population based studies within the Danish Centre for Strategic Research in Type 2 Diabetes (DD2) Project. The project aims to support and evaluate ongoing political and administrative efforts to implement nationwide guidelines for maintaining metabolic control in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients to prevent diabetic complications and improve quality of life. The DD2 is designed as a prospective cohort study (collection of epidemiological data) supplemented by randomized clinical intervention trials (on physical exercise and individualized pharmacological treatment) and the establishment of a biobank comprised of material from a large number of newly diagnosed T2D patients. Inclusion of the majority of newly diagnosed T2D patients as they are diagnosed at their general practitioner or diabetes hospital outpatient clinics and entered into the DD2 cohort will establish a nationwide database comprising a large number of future incident cases of T2D in Denmark. These cases will form the project cohort of the DD2. Within the first 6 months of diagnosis, all patients will be invited to contribute to a biobank of DNA, plasma, urine, and tissue sampling. The DNA biobank will enable future studies of the effect of pharmacological treatment and outcome in subsets of patients with specific genetic risk profiles covering disease etiology and specific drug kinetics and metabolism. We will also perform two clinical intervention trials examining: the effectiveness of physical exercise on diabetes-related outcomes and the impact of trial outcomes on individualized pharmacological treatment. Moreover, the DD2 will serve as a platform for testing and developing new antidiabetic drugs. All together, we expect this study to contribute to substantially improved diabetes care in T2D patients locally and abroad.

Steffensen, Charlotte; Thomsen, Reimar W; Vaag, Allan; Beck-Nielsen, Henning; Christiansen, Jens Sandahl; Hansen, Torben; Pedersen, Oluf; Rungby, J?rgen

2012-01-01

225

Bachelor of Arts in Geography (Advanced) Bachelor of Arts ArcticNet Network of Centres of Excellence Researcher: Project 3.6 People and Environmental Change Centre for Earth Observation Science Clayton H. Riddell Faculty of Environment, Earth, and Resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary My academic interests and talents are in physical geography, geographic information systems, environmental change, human\\/cultural geography, Local and Traditional Knowledge, knowledge integration and linkages, Arctic climate change, Indigenous harvesting activities, Arctic regions, resource management, and wildlife management. My experiences in university are in-depth and include social science research, environmental research, community research, community consensus building, community workshop co-ordination, academic

Clayton H. Riddell

226

Soil water repellency as a phenomenon of initial soil formation - approaches and first results from the Transregional Collaborative Research Centre (SFB/TRR) 38  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Within the scope of the DFG-funded Transregional Collaborative Research Centre 38 „Structures and processes of the initial ecosystem development phase in an artificial water catchment" initial stages of soil organic matter development are studied on sites of different age. In the recultivation area of the open-cast mine Welzow South, situated about 30 km south of Cottbus (Brandenburg, Germany), the "Hühnerwasser" or Chicken Creek watershed is used as the main investigation site for the initial state (point zero) of landscape development. Plants and micro organisms colonise the freshly dumped Pleistocene substrates by natural succession and form the basis for the development of the first soil organic matter. The major aim of our research is to study processes accompanying the accumulation of organic matter in soils. Particular attention is given to the role of biological soil crusts. In detail, the phenomenon of soil water repellency (hydrophobicity) as an important factor controlling and preventing the infiltration of precipitation water into the initial soils is studied. Intensity and persistence of soil water repellency is analysed by water drop penetration time (WDPT) analyses and contact angle measurements on samples which are taken at regular time intervals. To date, soil water repellency was not detected for the initial phase at the Chicken Creek site. However, to compare the results from the Chicken Creek (point zero) with a more advanced state of humus development we use a second artificial water catchment which is located nearby („Neuer Lugteich"). This catchment is five years older than the Chicken Creek watershed. At the "Neuer Lugteich" small contents of soil organic matter have been stabilized in connection to widely distributed biological soil crusts on an artificial dune (Quaternary sands). Our first results show that soil water repellency can be detected at the "Neuer Lugteich", predominantly in the dry summer periods. Biological soil crusts seem to play an important role in stabilizing organic matter in connection with water repellent microsites during the initial phase of site development. In order to ensure for the comparability of the Quaternary substrates from the Chicken Creek with the "Neuer Lugteich" further observation sites and sampling plots in addition to the artificial sand dune will be established.

Spröte, R.; Bens, O.; Fischer, T.; Raab, T.; Hüttl, R. F.

2009-04-01

227

Joint Fires Training Guide for a Corps Joint Task Force.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A detailed analysis of responsibilities, inputs, processes, outputs, and interactions was conducted for the staff elements and cells involved in joint fires at the Corps Joint Task Force level. This research product documents that analysis. The purpose of...

J. F. Love

1998-01-01

228

A Centre Without Walls  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Diabetes Wellness Centre (DWC) is a new program (1 year old) funded by the Ontario Ministry of Health and managed by the Sandwich Community Health Centre. The DWC is designed to be a “Centre Without Walls” and is staffed with both nurses and dietitians. This concept involves delivering programs to meet the DWC's goals in partnership with existing community

Christine M. Wellington

1999-01-01

229

Science Learning Centres Roundup  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The national network of Science Learning Centres aims to raise the quality of science teaching from Key Stage 1 through post-16 (ages 5-19). Short courses are provided locally through the regional Science Learning Centres and longer, more intensive programmes are available at the National Science Learning Centre in York. There are a growing…

Education in Science, 2010

2010-01-01

230

The Danish Centre for Strategic Research in Type 2 Diabetes (DD2) study: expected outcome from the DD2 project and two intervention studies.  

PubMed

The overall aim of the Danish Centre for Strategic Research in Type 2 Diabetes (DD2) is to near-normalize metabolic control in newly diagnosed patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) using an individualized treatment approach. We hypothesize that this will not only prevent complications and improve quality of life for T2D patients but also result in increased cost efficiency compared with current treatment modalities. This paper provides an overview of the expected outcomes from DD2, focusing on the two main intervention studies. The main data for the DD2 project are collected during patient enrollment and stored using the individual civil registration number. This enables subsequent linking to other national databases where supplemental data can be obtained. All data will be used for designing treatment guidelines and continuously monitoring the development of diabetic complications, thereby obtaining knowledge about predictors for the long-term outcome and identifying targets for new interventions. Further data are being collected from two intervention studies. The aim of the first intervention study is to improve T2D treatment using an individualized treatment modality optimizing medication according to individual metabolic responses and phenotypic characteristics. The aim of the second intervention study is to develop an evidence-based training protocol to be implemented as a treatment modality for T2D and used for initiating lifelong changes in physical activity levels in patients with T2D. An initial pilot study evaluating an interval-based walking protocol is ongoing, and preliminary results indicate that this protocol is an optimal "free-living" training intervention. An initial health-economic analysis will also be performed as a basis for analysis of the data collected during the project. A cost-benefit analysis of the two intervention studies will be conducted. The DD2 project is expected to lead to improved treatment modalities and increased knowledge about existing treatment guidelines, and will also provide a solid base for health-economic decision-making. PMID:23071408

Beck-Nielsen, Henning; Solomon, Thomas Pj; Lauridsen, Jørgen; Karstoft, Kristian; Pedersen, Bente K; Johnsen, Søren P; Nielsen, Jens Steen; Kryger, Tine Bjerregaard; Sortsø, Camilla; Vaag, Allan

2012-09-21

231

The Danish Centre for Strategic Research in Type 2 Diabetes (DD2) study: expected outcome from the DD2 project and two intervention studies  

PubMed Central

The overall aim of the Danish Centre for Strategic Research in Type 2 Diabetes (DD2) is to near-normalize metabolic control in newly diagnosed patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) using an individualized treatment approach. We hypothesize that this will not only prevent complications and improve quality of life for T2D patients but also result in increased cost efficiency compared with current treatment modalities. This paper provides an overview of the expected outcomes from DD2, focusing on the two main intervention studies. The main data for the DD2 project are collected during patient enrollment and stored using the individual civil registration number. This enables subsequent linking to other national databases where supplemental data can be obtained. All data will be used for designing treatment guidelines and continuously monitoring the development of diabetic complications, thereby obtaining knowledge about predictors for the long-term outcome and identifying targets for new interventions. Further data are being collected from two intervention studies. The aim of the first intervention study is to improve T2D treatment using an individualized treatment modality optimizing medication according to individual metabolic responses and phenotypic characteristics. The aim of the second intervention study is to develop an evidence-based training protocol to be implemented as a treatment modality for T2D and used for initiating lifelong changes in physical activity levels in patients with T2D. An initial pilot study evaluating an interval-based walking protocol is ongoing, and preliminary results indicate that this protocol is an optimal “free-living” training intervention. An initial health-economic analysis will also be performed as a basis for analysis of the data collected during the project. A cost-benefit analysis of the two intervention studies will be conducted. The DD2 project is expected to lead to improved treatment modalities and increased knowledge about existing treatment guidelines, and will also provide a solid base for health-economic decision-making.

Beck-Nielsen, Henning; Solomon, Thomas PJ; Lauridsen, J?rgen; Karstoft, Kristian; Pedersen, Bente K; Johnsen, S?ren P; Nielsen, Jens Steen; Kryger, Tine Bjerregaard; Sorts?, Camilla; Vaag, Allan

2012-01-01

232

Japan-China Joint Medical Workshop on Drug Discoveries and Therapeutics 2008: The need of Asian pharmaceutical researchers' cooperation.  

PubMed

The Japan-China Joint Medical Workshop on Drug Discoveries and Therapeutics 2008 (JCMWDDT 2008) was held from September 29 to October 1, 2008 at The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan. JCMWDDT is an international workshop that is mainly organized by Asian editorial members of Drug Discoveries & Therapeutics (http://www.ddtjournal.com/home) for the purpose of promoting research exchanges in the field of drug discovery and therapeutic. This year's JCMWDDT is the second workshop and focused particularly on novel development and technological innovation of anti-influenza agents. The workshop began with an announcement by the Japanese Co-chairperson, Dr. Sekimizu (Department of Microbiology, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Japan; Editorin- Chief of Drug Discoveries & Therapeutics, DDT) followed by a speech by the Chinese Co-chairperson, Dr. Wenfang Xu (School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Shandong University, Shandong, China; Editor in China Office of DDT), with additional speeches by Dr. Norio Matsuki (The University of Tokyo, Japan; Editor of DDT) and Dr. Guanhua Du (Chinese Academy of Medical Science, China; Editor of DDT). Fifty-nine titles were presented in 6 specialized sessions (Research Advances in Drug Discoveries and Therapeutics, Drug Synthesis/Clinical Therapeutics, Medicinal Chemistry/Natural Products, Anti-influenza Drugs, Anti-infection/antiviral Drugs, Biochemistry/Molecular Biology /Pharmacology) and a poster session (Drug Discov Ther 2008; 2, Suppl; available at http://www.ddtjournal.com/Announce/index.htm). An annual outbreak of avian influenza in Asian countries including China and Japan has sparked fears that the virus will mutate and then cause an epidemic in humans. Therefore, Asian researchers need to work together to control this infection. This year's JCMWDDT helped provide an opportunity to reiterate the crucial role of medicinal chemistry in conquering influenza and created an environment for cooperative research in Asian countries. (reported on October 1st, with grateful thanks to all participants) Main program Session I. Research Advances in Drug Discoveries and Therapeutics ? Design, synthesis and preliminary activity assay of influenza virus neuraminidase inhibitors by Wenfang Xu (Shandong University, China) ? Infection disease models with silkworms to evaluate the therapeutic effects of drug candidates by Kazuhisa Sekimizu (The University of Tokyo, Japan) ? Japan's governmental approaches to facilitate drug development process by Makoto Shimoaraiso (Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan, Japan) ? Effective detection of the epidermal growth factor receptor mutation by the peptide nucleic acid-locked nucleic acid PCR Clamp by Sakuo Hoshi (The University of Tokyo Hospital, Japan) ? Design and synthesis of p53-MDM2 binding inhibitors by Yongzhou Hu (Zhejiang University, China) Session II. Drug Synthesis/Clinical Therapeutics ? Pharmacogenomics-based clinical studies using a novel fully-automated genotyping system by Setsuo Hasegawa (Sekino Clinical Pharmacology Clinic, Japan) ? Synthesis and biological evaluation of pentacyclic triterpenes as anti-tumor agents by Hongbin Sun (China Pharmaceutical University, China) ? Drug discovery and therapeutics using silkworm as experimental animal by Yasuyuki Ogata (The University of Tokyo, Japan) ? Novel selective estrogen recetpor modulators (SERMs) with unusual structure and biological activities by Haibing Zhou (Wuhan University, China) Session III. Medicinal Chemistry/Natural Products ? Synthesis and properties of isonucleosides incorporated oligonucleotides by Zhenjun Yang (Peking University, China) ? Isolation of antiviral compounds from plant resources using silkworm bioassay by Yutaka Orihara (The University of Tokyo, Japan) ? Sy

Nakata, M; Tang, W

2008-10-01

233

Educational Research and Development: Austria, Germany, Switzerland. OECD Documents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three joint international seminars on governmental roles in organizing and promoting educational research and development were held as part of a study conducted by the Centre for Educational Research and Innovation (CERI) of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This document contains the proceedings of the third…

Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France).

234

Educational Research and Development: Austria, Germany, Switzerland. OECD Documents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Three joint international seminars on governmental roles in organizing and promoting educational research and development were held as part of a study conducted by the Centre for Educational Research and Innovation (CERI) of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This document contains the proceedings of the third…

Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France).

235

US\\/French Joint Research Program regarding the behavior of polymer base materials subjected to beta radiation. Volume 1. Phase1 normalization results  

Microsoft Academic Search

As part of the ongoing multi-year joint NRC\\/CEA international cooperative test program to investigate the dose-damage equivalence of gamma and beta radiation on polymer base materials, dosimetry and ethylene-propylene rubber (EPR) specimens were exchanged, irradiated, and evaluated for property changes at research facilities in the US (Sandia National Laboratories) and France (Compagnie ORIS Industrie). The purpose of this Phase-1 test

F. J. Wyant; W. H. Buckalew; J. Chenion; F. Carlin; G. Gaussens; P. Le Tutour; M. Le Meur

1986-01-01

236

Beyond bureaucracy? Work organization in call centres  

Microsoft Academic Search

Call centres are a rapidly growing, IT-based channel for service and sales delivery, particularly in the financial services and telecom industries. Although little research has been undertaken on the human resource aspects of call centres, two contrasting images are emerging. The first emphasizes the bureaucratic, constraining nature of these work settings, while the second image points towards worker empowerment characteristic

Stephen J. Frenkel; May Tam; Marek Korczynski; Karen Shire

1998-01-01

237

Promotion in Call Centres: Opportunities and Determinants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the quality of jobs in call centres by focusing on the opportunities for promotion in this sector. More specifically, the research questions focus on discovering whether promotion is common practise in the call centre sector and on identifying the factors that affect this.…

Gorjup, Maria Tatiana; Valverde, Mireia; Ryan, Gerard

2008-01-01

238

Clinical and radiological outcomes of the Ivory arthroplasty for trapeziometacarpal joint osteoarthritis with a minimum of 5 years of follow-up: a prospective single-centre cohort study.  

PubMed

We present the results of a 5 year prospective follow-up study on the functional outcome after total replacement of the trapeziometacarpal joint with the Ivory prosthesis (Memometal, Stryker Corporate, Kalamazoo, Michigan, USA) in 22 patients. The female to male ratio was 21:1 and the mean age was 66 (range 54-78) years. The mean follow-up period was 67 (range 60-77) months after operation. Patient satisfaction was high. The mobility of the operated thumb was restored to a range of motion comparable to the contralateral thumb. Key pinch and grip strength improved by 13% and 31%, respectively. Overall function, according to Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (QuickDASH) score, improved by 59%. Pain decreased by 85% according to the numerical rating scale. Radiological evaluation revealed no loosening of the implant after 5 years except in one patient who required revision due to polythene wear with secondary joint instability. Another patient had asymptomatic polythene wear that required no revision but remains in follow-up. The 5 year overall survival of the prosthesis was 95%. These medium-term results suggest that the Ivory arthroplasty is a reliable option for treating advanced trapeziometacarpal arthritis, because it appears to give a very good functional outcome and has the potential for long-term survival rates. PMID:23677958

Goubau, J F; Goorens, C K; Van Hoonacker, P; Berghs, B; Kerckhove, D; Scheerlinck, T

2013-05-14

239

Pulsed Neutron Facility for Research in Illicit Trafficking and Nuclear Safeguards  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Joint Research Centre has taken into operation a new experimental facility designed for research in the fields of illicit trafficking and nuclear safeguards. The research projects currently undertaken include detection of shielded contraband materials (drugs, explosives, nuclear materials), and mass determination of small fissile materials in shielded containers. The facility, called the Pulsed Neutron Interrogation Test Assembly (PUNITA), incorporates

Andrea Favalli; H.-C. Mehner; Jean-Michel Crochemore; Bent Pedersen

2009-01-01

240

The siting of a research centre on clean coal combustion and CO2 capture in Spain: Some notes on the relationship between trust and lack of public information  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper aims to gain a better understanding of the role played by trust in the context of scarcity of public information, vis?à?vis the installation of a Centre for Investigation in Advanced Technologies (Centro de Investigación de Tecnologías Avanzadas, CITA) to be located in a coal?rich region of Spain. Data from semi?structured interviews (n = 15), a questionnaire survey (n = 400) and focus

Ana Prades; Josep Espluga; Marta Real; Rosario Solá

2009-01-01

241

Joint Services Electronics Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An annual report of the JSEP (Joint Services Electronics Program) in solid state electronics, quantum electronics, information electronics, control and optimization, and electromagnetic phenomena is presented. Results of the research to date are summarize...

M. Tinkham

1991-01-01

242

Joint Services Electronics Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An annual report of the JSEP (Joint Services Electronics Program) in solid state electronics, quantum electronics, information electronics, control and optimization, and electromagnetic phenomena is presented. Results of the research to date are summarize...

M. Tinkham

1987-01-01

243

Joint Services Electronics Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This annual report of the JSEP (Joint Services Electronic Program) in solid state electronics, quantum electronics, information electronics, control and optimization, and electromagnetic phenomenon is presented. Results of the research to date are summari...

M. Tinkham

1985-01-01

244

Joint Services Electronics Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An annual report of the JSEP (Joint Services Electronics Program) in Electromagnetics, Quantum Electronics, Solid State Electronics, Materials and Devices and Information System is presented. In addition, results of the research to date are summarized and...

W. G. Oldham

1986-01-01

245

Joint Services Electronics Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An annual report of the JSEP (Joint Services Electronic Program) in solid state electronics, quantum electronics, information electronics control and optimization and electromagnetic phenomenon is presented. Results of the research to date are summarized ...

M. Tinkham

1985-01-01

246

Joint Services Electronics Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An annual report of the JSEP (Joint Services Electronics Program) in solid state electronics, quantum electronics, information electronics, control and optimization, and electromagnetic phenomena is presented. Results of the research to date are summarize...

M. Tinkham

1986-01-01

247

Summary of joint DOD\\/EPA research to control VOCs and toxic emissions. Rept. for Sep 84Feb 91  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper summarizes the results of joint projects conducted during the last 6 years by the Department of Defense and EPA to control volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and toxic emissions. Major emphasis has been on product coating and metal finishing: (1) paint stripping using plastic media blasting, (2) carbon adsorption for methylchloroform and Freon emissions, (3) fluidized-bed catalytic incineration and

C. H. Darvin; J. D. Wander

1991-01-01

248

Joint Reading between Mothers and Their Head Start Children. Vocabulary Development in Two Text Formats. Reading Research Report No. 13.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study examined the ways in which Head Start preschool children's vocabulary developed when they and their mothers engaged in joint reading. Subjects, 19 dyads, were observed as they interacted around expository texts presented in both familiar (newspaper toy advertisements) and traditional (trade books) formats. Subjects were observed in their…

Pellegrini, A. D.; And Others

249

Joint Reading between Mothers and Their Head Start Children. Vocabulary Development in Two Text Formats. Reading Research Report No. 13.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the ways in which Head Start preschool children's vocabulary developed when they and their mothers engaged in joint reading. Subjects, 19 dyads, were observed as they interacted around expository texts presented in both familiar (newspaper toy advertisements) and traditional (trade books) formats. Subjects were observed in their…

Pellegrini, A. D.; And Others

250

Summary Report of the Series of Joint NSF-EU Working Groups on Future Directions for Digital Libraries Research: October 12, 1998  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The European Union and the National Science Foundation have been collaborating on a joint international project to identify future research directions and funding priorities for digital libraries. Five working groups were established to explore specific research areas: Intellectual Property and Economics, Global Resource Discovery, Interoperability, Metadata, and Multilingual Information Access. At their most recent workshop in October 1998, the five working groups presented recommendations based on their studies, the results of which are outlined in this Summary Report (available in HTML, Word, and .pdf). The final reports from each of the five working groups are expected to be published in early 1999. The collaborative work on digital libraries by the National Science Foundation and the European Union is described briefly in the Summary of Research Agenda. Also included here are links to European digital library research and initiatives.

1998-01-01

251

Joint Research and Development Investigations of the Socialist Republic of Romania and the Federal Republic of Germany on the Field of Generation and Transmission of Electrical Energy. Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Subjects of the joint research and development investigations of the Socialist Republic of Romania and the Federal Republic of Germany were network equivalents for contingency analysis, optimal power flow and reliability calculations. Common aim was the m...

C. Mihaileanu K. Edwin

1986-01-01

252

Summary of joint DOD/EPA research to control VOCs and toxic emissions. Rept. for Sep 84-Feb 91  

SciTech Connect

The paper summarizes the results of joint projects conducted during the last 6 years by the Department of Defense and EPA to control volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and toxic emissions. Major emphasis has been on product coating and metal finishing: (1) paint stripping using plastic media blasting, (2) carbon adsorption for methylchloroform and Freon emissions, (3) fluidized-bed catalytic incineration and hybrid carbon adsorption incineration, (4) paint spray booth wet-to-dry conversion, and (5) catalytic oxidation for controlling chlorinated VOCs.

Darvin, C.H.; Wander, J.D.

1991-01-01

253

Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology Volume 31(2) Winter \\/ hiver 2005 Design-based Research and its Application to a Call Centre Innovation in Distance Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract: Design-based research is proposed as a strategy to address the need for innovation in educational contexts. The article argues the case for increased and more effective research and development in education, and then presents a discussion of design-based research as a methodological set of tools to address this need. The four phases of design-based research (Bannan-Ritland, 2003) are explicated

Terry Anderson

254

Schools, Computers, and Learning Project. Interim Report #1 from the Kingston Regional Pilot Test Centre: A Description of the Research Setting.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report describes the research setting for the Schools, Computers, and Learning Project, an ongoing longitudinal and multidimensional study of the mutual adaptation of classroom practice and computer technology. Following a brief discussion of the research intentions and an overview of the research methodology, the report is divided into five…

Hawes, Donaleen

255

From Ritual to RelationshipA person-centred approach to consent in qualitative research with older people who have a dementia  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is an increasingly relevant debate around consent, particularly around persons with a dementia, across research and practice. This article will begin by critically reviewing the traditional competency-based approach to informed consent in research with older people who have dementia. Currently, most researchers are not describing how persons with dementia are included in the consent process other than through an

Jan Dewing

2002-01-01

256

DEVELOPMENT, INSTALLATION AND OPERATION OF THE MPC&A OPERATIONS MONITORING (MOM) SYSTEM AT THE JOINT INSTITUTE FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH (JINR) DUBNA, RUSSIA  

SciTech Connect

The Material Protection, Control and Accounting (MPC&A) Operations Monitoring (MOM) systems handling at the International Intergovernmental Organization - Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR) is described in this paper. Category I nuclear material (plutonium and uranium) is used in JINR research reactors, facilities and for scientific and research activities. A monitoring system (MOM) was installed at JINR in April 2003. The system design was based on a vulnerability analysis, which took into account the specifics of the Institute. The design and installation of the MOM system was a collaborative effort between JINR, Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Financial support was provided by DOE through BNL. The installed MOM system provides facility management with additional assurance that operations involving nuclear material (NM) are correctly followed by the facility personnel. The MOM system also provides additional confidence that the MPC&A systems continue to perform effectively.

Kartashov,V.V.; Pratt,W.; Romanov, Y.A.; Samoilov, V.N.; Shestakov, B.A.; Duncan, C.; Brownell, L.; Carbonaro, J.; White, R.M.; Coffing, J.A.

2009-07-12

257

[The ultrasound centre as a medically and economically relevant alternative--a report of the Regensburg experience].  

PubMed

In most medical centres, ultrasonography is performed independently by several departments. In october 1997, the University hospital of Regensburg founded an ultrasound centre, integrating surgical and medical departments as well as the institutes for radiology and nuclear medicine. The aims of this centre were the concentration of organization, machines, financial resources, manpower and know-how, standardized training and quality, and strengthening of interdisciplinary cooperation in clinic, medical education and research. Booking, standardized reports and a joint archiving of reports are assisted by a collective computer system. Most examinations in the centre are performed by three all-day present gastroenterology, surgery and radiology residents who are supported by licensed sonographers of the other departments. Training is standardized, and the certification for ultrasound examinations is acquired after a test with theoretical and practical parts. The integration of various departments in the ultra-sound on-call service has led to significant savings. The pool of ultrasound machines is used jointly, department-specific resources for new machines have been put together. We are convinced that this way of a close interdisciplinary cooperation will result in improvements in quality, utilization of financial resources and clinical research. PMID:11194883

Lock, G; Zülke, C; Lerch, K; Andreesen, R; Eilles, C; Jauch, K W; Feuerbach, S; Schölmerich, J

2000-12-01

258

Centre for Science and Environment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) is a public-interest research and advocacy organization based in New Delhi, India. CSE promotes environmentally sound and equitable development strategies, with an emphasis on Indian environmental issues. The CSE web site includes pages on CSE initiatives: education and training programs, pollution monitoring, research and advocacy, and dissemination of information on a variety of issues, including air and water pollution, automobiles, diesel-powered vehicles and equipment, industry and mining, rainwater harvesting, conservation, and many others.

2005-01-16

259

CMCC Data Distribution Centre  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The CMCC Data Distribution Centre (DDC) is the primary entry point (web gateway) to the CMCC. It is a Data Grid Portal providing a ubiquitous and pervasive way to ease data publishing, climate metadata search, datasets discovery, metadata annotation, data access, data aggregation, sub-setting, etc. The grid portal security model includes the use of HTTPS protocol for secure communication with the client (based on X509v3 certificates that must be loaded into the browser) and secure cookies to establish and maintain user sessions. The CMCC DDC is now in a pre-production phase and it is currently used only by internal users (CMCC researchers and climate scientists). The most important component already available in the CMCC DDC is the Search Engine which allows users to perform, through web interfaces, distributed search and discovery activities by introducing one or more of the following search criteria: horizontal extent (which can be specified by interacting with a geographic map), vertical extent, temporal extent, keywords, topics, creation date, etc. By means of this page the user submits the first step of the query process on the metadata DB, then, she can choose one or more datasets retrieving and displaying the complete XML metadata description (from the browser). This way, the second step of the query process is carried out by accessing to a specific XML document of the metadata DB. Finally, through the web interface, the user can access to and download (partially or totally) the data stored on the storage device accessing to OPeNDAP servers and to other available grid storage interfaces. Requests concerning datasets stored in deep storage will be served asynchronously.

Aloisio, Giovanni; Fiore, Sandro; Negro, A.

2010-05-01

260

Urban Centres in Universities: Institutional Alternatives for Urban Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

University-based urban centres come in several types: research centres, university-based firms, community advocacy centres, extension agencies, studios, clearinghouses and umbrella or convening organizations. They all potentially link an innovative or educational milieu in the university to wider urban processes, though not all live up to this potential. In particular they can face difficulties interacting with students and faculty, staffing issues,

Ann Forsyth

2006-01-01

261

Centre Of Indigenous Studies To Open In Broome  

Microsoft Academic Search

The University of Notre Dame Australia will establish a Centre for Indigenous Studies in 2008.\\u000aThe Centre will be located in Broome, with a whole of University approach that recognises and builds on existing commitments to Indigenous education. The Centre will focus on teaching, research, cultural outreach and cultural training with an aim to promote and integrate the mission of

Mike Doyle

2007-01-01

262

Test-retest and interobserver reliability of quantitative sensory testing according to the protocol of the German Research Network on Neuropathic Pain (DFNS): a multi-centre study.  

PubMed

Quantitative sensory testing (QST) is an instrument to assess positive and negative sensory signs, helping to identify mechanisms underlying pathologic pain conditions. In this study, we evaluated the test-retest reliability (TR-R) and the interobserver reliability (IO-R) of QST in patients with sensory disturbances of different etiologies. In 4 centres, 60 patients (37 male and 23 female, 56.4±1.9years) with lesions or diseases of the somatosensory system were included. QST comprised 13 parameters including detection and pain thresholds for thermal and mechanical stimuli. QST was performed in the clinically most affected test area and a less or unaffected control area in a morning and an afternoon session on 2 consecutive days by examiner pairs (4 QSTs/patient). For both, TR-R and IO-R, there were high correlations (r=0.80-0.93) at the affected test area, except for wind-up ratio (TR-R: r=0.67; IO-R: r=0.56) and paradoxical heat sensations (TR-R: r=0.35; IO-R: r=0.44). Mean IO-R (r=0.83, 31% unexplained variance) was slightly lower than TR-R (r=0.86, 26% unexplained variance, P<.05); the difference in variance amounted to 5%. There were no differences between study centres. In a subgroup with an unaffected control area (n=43), reliabilities were significantly better in the test area (TR-R: r=0.86; IO-R: r=0.83) than in the control area (TR-R: r=0.79; IO-R: r=0.71, each P<.01), suggesting that disease-related systematic variance enhances reliability of QST. We conclude that standardized QST performed by trained examiners is a valuable diagnostic instrument with good test-retest and interobserver reliability within 2days. With standardized training, observer bias is much lower than random variance. Quantitative sensory testing performed by trained examiners is a valuable diagnostic instrument with good interobserver and test-retest reliability for use in patients with sensory disturbances of different etiologies to help identify mechanisms of neuropathic and non-neuropathic pain. PMID:21237569

Geber, Christian; Klein, Thomas; Azad, Shahnaz; Birklein, Frank; Gierthmühlen, Janne; Huge, Volker; Lauchart, Meike; Nitzsche, Dorothee; Stengel, Maike; Valet, Michael; Baron, Ralf; Maier, Christoph; Tölle, Thomas; Treede, Rolf-Detlef

2011-01-14

263

The UK Stem Cell Bank: Its role as a public research resource centre providing access to well-characterised seed stocks of human stem cell lines  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rapidly expanding field of stem cell research offers the potential to develop therapeutic agents to treat diseases such as Parkinson's, diabetes and heart disease. It is important that stem cell lines derived from quality-controlled and well-characterised cell banks should be made available to both the scientific and clinical communities to promote high-quality research and development. The requirement in the

Lyn Healy; Charles Hunt; Lesley Young; Glyn Stacey

2005-01-01

264

Ceramic joints  

DOEpatents

Butt joints between materials having different coefficients of thermal expansion are prepared having a reduced probability of failure of stress facture. This is accomplished by narrowing/tapering the material having the lower coefficient of thermal expansion in a direction away from the joint interface and not joining the narrow-tapered surface to the material having the higher coefficient of thermal expansion.

Miller, Bradley J. (Worcester, MA); Patten, Jr., Donald O. (Sterling, MA)

1991-01-01

265

U.S. Gulf War Veterans: service periods in theater, differential exposures, and persistent unexplained illness. Portland Environmental Hazards Research Centre.  

PubMed

Approximately 80,000 of the 697,000 American men and women who were stationed in SW Asia during the Gulf War (GW) report unexplained illness consisting of symptoms of persistent fatigue, cognitive difficulties, such as mild memory loss, diffuse muscle and joint pain, gastrointestinal symptoms, skin lesions, and respiratory problems, among others. Associations between major symptom groups and periods of deployment in the theater of operations have been sought in a population-based, clinical case-control study of GW veterans resident in the north-western region of the United States. No statistically significant differences were evident in the proportion of cases with unexplained fatigue, cognitive/psychological or musculoskeletal symptoms among veterans present in SW Asia in 3 specific time periods: (a) 8/1/1990-12/31/1990 (which includes Desert Shield), (b) the period surrounding Desert Storm (1/1/1991-3/31/1991), and (c) the (post-combat) period immediately following hostilities (4/1/1991-7/31/1991). There was a trend for all 3 case symptoms to be more common among GW veterans who served in the post-combat period. As numbers in these deployment groups were small, and power to detect differences low, the apparent absence of significant differences in the frequency of major symptom groups among these veterans requires confirmation in a larger study. Deployment for discrete periods in SW Asia is a method to separate distinct constellations of environmental factors; these are useful for analyses of associations among symptoms and exposures given the near-total absence of objective data on chemical and other possible exposures in the theater of operations. PMID:10022305

Spencer, P S; McCauley, L A; Joos, S K; Lasarev, M R; Schuell, T; Bourdette, D; Barkhuizen, A; Johnston, W; Storzbach, D; Wynn, M; Grewenow, R

1998-12-28

266

Arizona Career Ladder Research & Evaluation Project: Research and Development for Effective Educational Change and Reform. Baseline Data Report for the Joint Legislative Committee on Career Ladders.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Arizona Career Ladder Research and Evaluation Project was created to conduct research on the 5-year state pilot career ladder project (CLP), a teacher incentive program in which improved student achievement is one design criterion. This project's yearly research and evaluation cycle involves three basic steps: data collection, analysis, and…

Packard, Richard D.; Bierlein, Louann

267

Chugoku no energy jijo to kankyo mondai. Energy to kankyo ni kansuru nicchu kyodo kenkyu chukan hokoku. (Energy situation and environmental problems in China. Interim report on the Japan-China joint research on energy and the environment).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Japan-China joint research on 'Energy and the Environment' has been continued by the Institute of Energy Economics and the Institute of Energy in China. This paper summarizes results of the research obtained from May 1990 to March 1991 as an interim r...

1991-01-01

268

PMD2HD – A web tool aligning a PubMed search results page with the local German Cancer Research Centre library collection  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Web-based searching is the accepted contemporary mode of retrieving relevant literature, and retrieving as many full text articles as possible is a typical prerequisite for research success. In most cases only a proportion of references will be directly accessible as digital reprints through displayed links. A large number of references, however, have to be verified in library catalogues and,

Andreas Bohne-Lang; Elke Lang; Anke Taube

2005-01-01

269

Single Nucleotide Polymorphism For Variety Identification In Wheat Single Nucleotide Polymorphism For Variety Identification In Wheat Cereal Research Centre, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Winnipeg MB  

Microsoft Academic Search

Single nucleotide polymorphism is increasingly becoming an attractive research focus in plant genetics because they are highly abundant and well suited for automated high throughput genotyping. The present Kernel Visual Distinguishability (KVD) system for wheat in Canada is proving to be inadequate to meet the needs of the breeders, producers and the grain industry. The availability of unique genetic sequence

M. L. Ali; M. Gray; J. D. Procunier

270

ACTRIS Data Centre: An atmospheric data portal  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

ACTRIS (Aerosols, Clouds, and Trace gases Research InfraStructure Network) is a European Project aiming at integrating European ground-based stations equipped with advanced instrumentation for studying aerosols, clouds, and short-lived gas-phase species. The ACTRIS activities result in improved atmospheric measurements data made at more than 60 European sites, from numerous instruments and includes variables measured by ground based in situ and remote sensing technologies. Core variables are in situ aerosol optical, physical and chemical properties, short-lived trace gases (volatile organic carbon and nitrogen oxides), aerosol scattering and extinction profiles, and cloud properties. The ACTRIS data centre (ACTRIS DC) is giving free and open access to all data resulting from the activities of the infrastructure network, complemented with data from other relevant networks and data bases. The overall goal is to facilitate scientists and other user groups access to atmospheric observational data, and to provide mature products for analysis and interpretation of atmospheric composition change. The ACTRIS DC aims at substantially increasing the number of high-quality data by providing long-term observational data relevant to climate and air quality research produced with standardized or comparable procedures throughout the network. The backbone of the ACTRIS DC is the three core data bases: - EARLINET Data Base hosting aerosol lidar data from more than 30 European sites - EBAS hosting ground based atmospheric in situ data from more than 1000 sites globally - Cloudnet hosting remote sensing cloud data and products from 5 European sites Furthermore, a joint portal is developed combining information from various data sources to gain new information not presently available from standalone databases or networks. The data centre will provide tools and services to facilitate the use of measurements for broad user communities. Higher level and integrated products will be developed stage-by-stage during the project, and user requirements, interactions and feedbacks are essential. The first version of ACTRIS DC is a web portal that allows users to search for atmospheric composition data from a multitude of data archives through a single user interface. Examples of data bases and frameworks included are EMEP, the GAW- world data centres, EARLINET, NDACC, CARIBIC-GEOmon, HTAP, AMAP amongst others. Currently the portal provides an overview of more than 800 000 data sets from more than 20 data bases/frameworks globally. For some of the databases included in the portal, the interface furthermore allows you to download data directly through the portal. A map functionality is implemented facilitating the identification of data and making it possible to search for collocation of observations, variables and sites both in time and space. The data portal can serve as "one-stop-shop" of atmospheric high-quality data, and the portal will also offer a direct interface towards external users like the MACC II project and GMES in-situ. The data dissemination will take into account the principles outlined in SEIS, INSPIRE, WIS and GEOSS.

Myhre, C. Lund; Fahre Vik, A.; Logna, R.; Torseth, K.; Linné, H.; O'Connor, E.

2012-04-01

271

How imprinting centres work  

Microsoft Academic Search

Imprinted genes tend to be clustered in the genome. Most of these clusters have been found to be under the control of discrete DNA elements called imprinting centres (ICs) which are normally differentially methylated in the germline. ICs can regulate imprinted expression and epigenetic marks at many genes in the region, even those which lie several megabases away. Some of

A. Lewis; W. Reik

2006-01-01

272

Discovering a Discovery Centre  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There has recently been a growth in the popularity of "science centres" and this development provides an excellent opportunity to support the primary science curriculum. Their use is therefore well worth including within initial teacher education courses. Hence, undergraduate student teachers at Stranmillis University College Belfast may now…

McCullagh, John; Stewart, James; Greenwood, Julian

2007-01-01

273

Australian Antarctic Data Centre  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Australian Antarctic Division is part of the Australian Government's Department of the Environment and Heritage. Within the department's Web site is the Australian Antarctic Data Centre, which makes all scientific observations and results freely available. Data topics include weather, GIS and mapping, marine science, flora and fauna, and many other topics related to the southern continent.

2002-01-01

274

Implementing Responsibility Centre Budgeting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Recently, institutes of higher education (universities) have shown a renewed interest in organisational structures and operating methodologies that generate productivity and innovation; responsibility centre budgeting (RCB) is one such process. This paper describes the underlying principles constituting RCB, its origin and structural elements,…

Vonasek, Joseph

2011-01-01

275

Implementing Responsibility Centre Budgeting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recently, institutes of higher education (universities) have shown a renewed interest in organisational structures and operating methodologies that generate productivity and innovation; responsibility centre budgeting (RCB) is one such process. This paper describes the underlying principles constituting RCB, its origin and structural elements, and…

Vonasek, Joseph

2011-01-01

276

Energy Centre Microgrid Model.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A simulation model of Energy centre microgrid made with PSCAD simulation software version 4.2.1 has been built in SGEM Smart Grids and Energy Markets (SGEM) work package 6.6. Microgrid is an autonomous electric power system which can operate separate from...

R. Pasonen

2011-01-01

277

Specified international joint research. Report for fiscal 1997 on the result of 'Development of Machining Supporting System'.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

On the basis of information obtained from actually performed designing of machines with the aid of computers, researches are conducted for the development of a system that automatically designs required machine tools, machining procedures, machining condi...

1998-01-01

278

Joint Replacement (Finger and Wrist Joints)  

MedlinePLUS

... mean to have a “joint replacement” or an “artificial joint”? The abnormal bone and lining structures of ... When should joint replacement surgery NOT be done? Artificial joints should not be done when: There is ...

279

Addiction research centres and the nurturing of creativity: the Department of Alcohol, Drugs and Addiction at the National Institute for Health and Welfare in Finland: diverse problems, diverse perspectives.  

PubMed

The Department of Alcohol, Drugs and Addiction started operations on 1 January 2009, when the National Institute of Public Health (KTL) and the National Research and Development Centre for Welfare and Health (STAKES) were merged. The newly formed institute, called the National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL), operates under the Finnish Ministry of Social Affairs and Health. The scope of the research and preventive work conducted in the Department covers alcohol, drugs, tobacco and gambling issues. The two main tasks of the Department are (i) to research, produce and disseminate information on alcohol and drugs, substance use, addictions and their social and health-related effects and (ii) to develop prevention and good practices with a view to counteracting the onset and development of alcohol and drug problems and the damaging effects of smoking and other addictions. The number of staff hovers at approximately 60 people. The Department is organized into three units, one specialized in social sciences (the Alcohol and Drug Research Unit), another in laboratory analytics (the Alcohol and Drug Analytics Unit) and the third primarily in preventive work (the Addiction Prevention Unit). These units incorporate a rich variety and long traditions of both research and preventive work. The mixture of different disciplines creates good opportunities for interdisciplinary research projects and collaboration within the Department. Also, the fact that in the same administrative context there are both researchers and people specialized in preventive work opens up interesting possibilities for combining efforts from these two branches. Nationally, the Department is a key player in all its fields of interest. It engages in a great deal of cooperation both nationally and internationally, and among its strengths are the high-quality, regularly collected long-term data sets. PMID:21992550

Hakkarainen, Pekka; Kiianmaa, Kalervo; Kuoppasalmi, Kimmo; Tigerstedt, Christoffer

2011-10-12

280

Foreign Police Working In US Internet Fraud Centre  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Internet Fraud Complaint Center (IFCC), jointly established by the FBI and the National White Collar Crime Center (NWC3) in Morgantown, West Virginia last May, is being augmented by a number of foreign police officers in response to a growing problem with foreign-based Internet fraud complaints. Since the centre's inception, it has received 20 000 complaints from 89 countries. According

Wayne Madsen

2000-01-01

281

Transatlantic Dialogue: A Research Exchange; Papers from a Joint Conference (Leeds, England, July 11-13, 1988).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Over 90 papers focus on adult education research. Selected titles include "Karl Marx's Theoretical Contributions to Radical Adult Education" (Allman, Wallis); "Educating Educators" (Armstrong); "Comparative Study of Philosophical Foundations of Adult Education in China and United States" (Bao); "Ethical Value Dilemmas of Professional Adult…

Zukas, Miriam, Ed.

282

Energy centre's immediate impact.  

PubMed

A new CHP-based Energy Centre completed in 2010 at London's King's College Hospital helped the south London facility cut its overall carbon emissions by 12% in the first financial year of operation, and reduce by pounds sterling 254,000 its energy costs over the same period, reports HEJ editor, Jonathan Baillie. Based on the experience gained during the first year's operation, subsequent 'fine tuning' of the plant by Dalkia--the company which designed and managed the Energy Centre's construction, and is now operating and maintaining it under a 15-year contract with the King's College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust--saw site CO2 emissions at the hospital reduced by 550 tonnes more in the first seven months of the 2011-2012 financial year than in the corresponding period the previous year, enabling the Trust to achieve its 374-tonne 2011-2012 carbon reduction target with five months to spare. PMID:22515018

Baillie, Jonathan

2012-03-01

283

Reliability Centred Maintenance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reliability centred maintenance (RCM) is a method for maintenance planning that was developed within the aircraft industry\\u000a and later adapted to several other industries and military branches. A high number of standards and guidelines have been issued\\u000a where the RCM methodology is tailored to different application areas, e.g., IEC 60300-3-11, MIL-STD-217, NAVAIR 00-25-403 (NAVAIR 2005), SAE JA 1012 (SAE 2002),

Marvin Rausand; Jørn Vatn

284

India Habitat Centre  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The India Habitat Centre(IHC) was created in New Delhi, India, to "provide a physical environment [to] serve as a catalyst for a synergetic relationship between individuals and institutions working in diverse habitat related areas." Their website gives visitors a generous glimpse into what it is like to enjoy such features as the "Habitat Film Club", "Habitat Learning Centre", and the "IHC Visual Arts Gallery". Like a multi-faceted community center, the IHC houses a "Habitat Library & Resource Centre" and offers a monthly "Habitat Walk", among other activities. The "Habitat Walk" gives community members the opportunity to visit various natural and historical sites, and provides several pages of background on the sites that visitors can download or print from the "Habitat Walk" link on the website. The center also reaches out and empowers the community by encouraging students and non-students to participate in their annual contest for the Habitat Young Visionary Award, a photography fellowship, and in the recent past, internships in a non-governmental organization.

285

The International Max Planck Research Schools for Molecular Biology and Neurosciences in Gttingen (Germany) as Examples for Joint Doctoral Training by a German University and Its Non-University Partners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|New concepts of higher education have recently been implemented through the MSc/PhD programmes in Molecular Biology and Neurosciences in the International Max Planck Research Schools, due to close cooperation between the University of Gttingen, three Max Planck Institutes and the German Primate Centre. The novel measures include a three stage…

Burkhardt, Steffen; Neher, Erwin

2008-01-01

286

U.S./Belarus/Ukraine joint research on the biomedical effects of the Chernobyl Reactor Accident. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The National Cancer Institute has negotiated with the governments of Belarus and Ukraine (Ministers/Ministries of Health, institutions and scientists) to develop scientific research protocols to study the effects of radioactive iodine released by the Chernobyl accident upon thyroid anatomy and function in defined cohorts of persons under the age of 19 years at the time of the accident. These studies include prospective long term medical follow-up of the cohort and the reconstruction of the radiation dose to each cohort subject's thyroid. The protocol for the study in Belarus was signed by the US and Belorussian governments in May 1994 and the protocol for the study in Ukraine was signed by the US and Ukraine in May 1995. A second scientific research protocol also was negotiated with Ukraine to study the feasibility of a long term study to follow the development of leukemia and lymphoma among Ukrainian cleanup workers; this protocol was signed by the US and Ukraine in October 1996.

Bruce Wachholz

2000-06-20

287

Proceedings of the international topical seminar on management of ageing of research reactors, Geesthacht/Hamburg, May 8-12, 1995.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The GKSS Research Centre Geesthacht GmbH and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) held a joint seminar on 'Management of Ageing of Research Reactors' from May 8-12, 1995, at Geesthacht/Hamburg. More than 100 participants from 36 countries and two...

F. Alcala-Ruiz W. Krull

1995-01-01

288

Western Canadian Centre of Specialization in Deafness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Western Canadian Centre of Specialization in Deafness (WCCSD) is in Edmonton, Alberta, a consortium designed to facilitate postsecondary access for the deaf and hearing impaired; accommodate special student needs; provide leadership in program development throughout the region; and function as a research, training, and development base in the…

Carver, Roger

1986-01-01

289

Body Centred Interaction in Immersive Virtual Environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

this paper is funded by the U.K. Science and EngineeringResearch Council (SERC), and Department of Trade and Industry, through grant CTA\\/2 ofthe London Parallel Applications Centre. Thanks to Anthony Steed for his continued helpwith the experiments described in this paper. The Virtual Treadmill is the subject of a patentapplication in the UK and other countries.

Mel Slater; Martin Usoh

1994-01-01

290

Collections: Their Development, Management, Preservation, and Sharing. Papers from the Joint Meeting of the Association of Research Libraries and the Standing Conference of National and University Libraries (York, England, September 19-22, 1988).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Papers from the joint meeting are assembled in this document. Each of the meeting's five program sessions featured presentations by a Standing Conference of National and Universal Libraries (SCONUL) director and an Association of Research Libraries (ARL) director. The presentations highlight perspectives from both sides of the Atlantic and are…

Daval, Nicola, Ed.

291

Administrative and technical support for the U. S. Army Medical Research and Development Command Joint Working Group on medical chemical defense. Final report, 15 Aug 84-14 Aug 89  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Joint Working Group on Drug Dependent Degradation in Military Performance (JWGD MILPERS) program was established by the U.S. Army Medical Research and Development Command (USAMRDC) as a tri-service program charged with developing and testing performance methodologies for evaluating the effects on military performance from medical treatment and pretreatment drugs used to counter chemical warfare agents. Metters Industries, Inc. provided

M. L. Fitts; C. L. Kresslein

1989-01-01

292

WINDII, the wind imaging interferometer on the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite  

Microsoft Academic Search

The WIND imaging interferometer (WINDII) was launched on the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite (UARS) on September 12, 1991. This joint project, sponsored by the Canadian Space Agency and the French Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales, in collaboration with NASA, has the responsibility of measuring the global wind pattern at the top of the altitude range covered by UARS. WINDII measures wind,

G. G. Shepherd; G. Thuillier; W. A. Gault; B. H. Solheim; C. Hersom; J. M. Alunni; J.-F. Brun; S. Brune; P. Charlot; L. L. Cogger; D.-L. Desaulniers; W. F. J. Evans; R. L. Gattinger; F. Girod; D. Harvie; R. H. Hum; D. J. W. Kendall; E. J. Llewellyn; R. P. Lowe; J. Ohrt; F. Pasternak; O. Peillet; I. Powell; Y. Rochon; W. E. Ward; R. H. Wiens; J. Wimperis

1993-01-01

293

Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) was established twelve years ago in the hope that they would "raise awareness of the plight of internally displaced people (IDP), point to gaps in national and international responses and promote solutions reflecting international standards and best practices." The Centre also keeps a database of 50 countries in which people have been displaced within their own country due to conflicts or human rights violations. To get a sense of where displaced persons are and how many countries have IDPs, visitors can click on the small world map on the far right hand side of the homepage. Scrolling over the map will reveal the number of displaced people by continent. Visitors interested in learning about an individual country can click on the continent, then click on one of the countries for an "Internal Displacement Profile", "Country Statistics", and an "Overview". The Resources tab, at the top of any page, includes "IDMC Publications", "Picture Galleries" of internally displaced people in India, Cyprus, and the West Bank, to name a few, and "IDP Maps" which has dozens of maps of from 2001 to 2009.

294

Reconstruction of the temporomandibular joint autogenous compared with alloplastic  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aims of and indications for temporomandibular joint (TMJ) reconstruction are well-established but the method of reconstruction is controversial. We describe a retrospective, two-centre audit of 49 patients treated with costochondral grafting and 50 patients treated with alloplastic joints. The characteristics of the patients were similar in both centres and the minimum follow-up period was 2 years. For each patient

N. R. Saeed; R. Hensher; N. M. H. McLeod; J. N. Kent

2002-01-01

295

Computer simulation of solder joint failure  

Microsoft Academic Search

The thermomechanical fatigue failure of solder joints is increasingly becoming an important reliability issue for electronic packages. The purpose of this Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project was to develop computational tools for simulating the behavior of solder joints under strain and temperature cycling, taking into account the microstructural heterogeneities that exist in as-solidified near eutectic Sn-Pb joints, as

S. N. Burchett; D. R. Frear; M. M. Rashid

1997-01-01

296

International Soil Reference and Information Centre  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Soil Reference and Information Centre (ISRIC), which is associated with the Centre for Development and Environment, University of Berne, Switzerland, aims to "provide a better understanding of soils and to promote sustainable use of the land." The ISRIC Web site gives visitors several areas to explore, but of special note are the reports and publications link within the publications page, which contains downloadable annual and biannual reports, conference proceedings, soil briefs, technical papers, and more. These publications have been authored or co-authored by staff members, and guest researchers of ISRIC or the former International Soil Museum.

2008-01-01

297

International Soil Reference and Information Centre  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Soil Reference and Information Centre (ISRIC), which is associated with the Centre for Development and Environment, University of Berne, Switzerland, aims to "provide a better understanding of soils and to promote sustainable use of the land." The ISRIC Web site gives visitors several areas to explore, but of special note are the reports and publications link within the publications page, which contains downloadable annual and biannual reports, conference proceedings, soil briefs, technical papers, and more. These publications have been authored or co-authored by staff members, and guest researchers of ISRIC or the former International Soil Museum.

2001-01-01

298

The role of an academic centre.  

PubMed

On FRAME's 40th anniversary, I had the opportunity to examine FRAME and CAAT's missions as closely linked to those of their universities. The roles of education, research and service are key, both to the universities and to our two centres. By examining the current programmes, and identifying the needs of the future, the research activities, policy studies and training, it becomes clear that the Three Rs of alternatives contribute significantly to our respective universities' missions. PMID:20105006

Goldberg, Alan M

2009-12-01

299

Scottish Schools Science Equipment Research Centre.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This newsletter is composed of brief notes in the various areas of science. Biology Notes include hazards of tasting Phenylthiocarbamide in laboratory experiments, the use of Albustic and Clinistix test papers for protein and glucose determinations, the measurement of the respiratory quotient, and the construction of a simple respirometer.…

1972

300

Schools and Centres as Seats of Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The trend toward the interdisciplinary approach to learning is suggested to be more effective for well-rounded study of a subject. Methods for using the approach in a university setting are presented. (LBH)|

Mathur, Gautam

1975-01-01

301

BloomsburyMagazine.com Research Centre  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by Bloomsburymagazine.com, this site offers a free online database of reference books, containing some 17,000 cross-referenced entries. The titles indexed include Biographical Quotations, Dictionary of English Literature, Good Word Guide, and Guide to Art, among others. Users may search the database by keyword or browse by title. Initial returns include a short excerpt and source citation which links to the full entry. This site is a handy resource and a good adjunct to the free reference works at Bartleby.com (last reviewed in the March 16, 2001 Scout Report).

302

Jane Austen Centre  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While for a number of centuries Bath was home to numerous noble Romans, perhaps the ancient cityÂs most notable resident was Jane Austen, the author whose novels continue to fascinate and delight readers today. The Jane Austen Centre website is designed to provide information on the interpretive center on Gay Street in that fair city, and no doubt potential visitors will want to use the site to plan a potential visit. Other visitors will want to look through The Jane Austen Magazine, which contains articles on Regency-era fashion, biographies of Austen and her contemporaries, and a host of media reviews of film and theater adaptations of her works. For those looking for a bit of material off the track of such works as Pride and Prejudice, the minor works area contains some miscellaneous writings by Austin, including some of her earliest plays, such as Frederic and Elfrida.

303

Emotional intelligence and patient-centred care  

PubMed Central

The principles of patient-centred care are increasingly stressed as part of health care policy and practice. Explanations for why some practitioners seem more successful in achieving patient-centred care vary, but a possible role for individual differences in personality has been postulated. One of these, emotional intelligence (EI), is increasingly referred to in health care literature. This paper reviews the literature on EI in health care and poses a series of questions about the links between EI and patient-centred outcomes. Papers concerning empirical examinations of EI in a variety of settings were identified to determine the evidence base for its increasing popularity. The review suggests that a substantial amount of further research is required before the value of EI as a useful concept can be substantiated.

Birks, Yvonne F; Watt, Ian S

2007-01-01

304

From gene to structure: The protein factory of the NBICS Centre of Kurchatov Institute  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Protein Factory was established at the Centre for Nano, Bio, Info, Cognitive, and Social Sciences and Technologies (NBICS Centre) of the National Research Centre "Kurchatov Institute" in 2010. The Protein Factory, together with the Centre for Synchrotron Radiation and Nanotechnology, promote research on structural biology. This paper presents the technology platforms developed at the Protein Factory and the facilities available for researchers. The main projects currently being performed at the Protein Factory are briefly described.

Boyko, K. M.; Lipkin, A. V.; Popov, V. O.; Kovalchuk, M. V.

2013-05-01

305

Joint China-United States Report for Year 1 Insulation Materials and Systems Project Area Clean Energy Research Center Building Energy Efficiency (CERC-BEE)  

SciTech Connect

In November of 2009, the presidents of China and the U.S. announced the establishment of the Clean Energy Research Center (CERC). This broad research effort is co-funded by both countries and involves a large number of research centers and universities in both countries. One part of this program is focused on improving the energy efficiency of buildings. One portion of the CERC-BEE was focused on building insulation systems. The research objective of this effort was to Identify and investigate candidate high performance fire resistant building insulation technologies that meet the goal of building code compliance for exterior wall applications in green buildings in multiple climate zones. A Joint Work Plan was established between researchers at the China Academy of Building Research and Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Efforts in the first year under this plan focused on information gathering. The objective of this research program is to reduce building energy use in China via improved building insulation technology. In cold regions in China, residents often use inefficient heating systems to provide a minimal comfort level within inefficient buildings. In warmer regions, air conditioning has not been commonly used. As living standards rise, energy consumption in these regions will increase dramatically unless significant improvements are made in building energy performance. Previous efforts that defined the current state of the built environment in China and in the U.S. will be used in this research. In countries around the world, building improvements have typically followed the implementation of more stringent building codes. There have been several changes in building codes in both the U.S. and China within the last few years. New U.S. building codes have increased the amount of wall insulation required in new buildings. New government statements from multiple agencies in China have recently changed the requirements for buildings in terms of energy efficiency and fire safety. A related issue is the degree to which new standards are adopted and enforced. In the U.S., standards are developed using a consensus process, and local government agencies are free to implement these standards or to ignore them. For example, some U.S. states are still using 2003 versions of the building efficiency standards. There is also a great variation in the degree to which the locally adopted standards are enforced in different U.S. cities and states. With a more central process in China, these issues are different, but possible impacts of variable enforcement efficacy may also exist. Therefore, current building codes in China will be compared to the current state of building fire-safety and energy-efficiency codes in the U.S. and areas for possible improvements in both countries will be explored. In particular, the focus of the applications in China will be on green buildings. The terminology of 'green buildings' has different meanings to different audiences. The U.S. research is interested in both new, green buildings, and on retrofitting existing inefficient buildings. An initial effort will be made to clarify the scope of the pertinent wall insulation systems for these applications.

Stovall, Therese K [ORNL; Biswas, Kaushik [ORNL; Song, Bo [China Academy of Building Research; Zhang, Sisi [China Academy of Building Research

2012-08-01

306

Surface coatings for 3-piece freight bogie centre bearings  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research is divided into four related sections of work. The first relates to the rim wall wear of the existing unlubricated steel, and polyethylene centre bearing components. Based on these findings, the second and third sections of work includes materials characterisation of alternative centre bearing surfaces - plasma nitrided molybdenum steel and stellite 6 laser clad layers, respectively. Finally,

Matthew J Franklin

2008-01-01

307

The University College London Centre for Cosmic Chemistry and Physics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University College London Centre for Cosmic Chemistry and Physics developed this website to present its research in the "fundamental chemical processes which [they believe] occur throughout the universe." Visitors can find an overview of the design and progress of the Centre's projects dealing with the formation of hydrogen molecules on interstellar dust grains and more complex molecules. The website introduces the Centre's main facilities, the Cosmic Dust Lab and the Surface Science Lab. Users can also discover the Centre's theoretical work on gas-surface scattering.

308

International Centre for Criminal Law Reform and Criminal Justice Policy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Criminal Justice Policy A joint initiative of the University of British Columbia, Simon Frasier University, and the Society for the Reform of Criminal Law, the International Centre for Criminal Law Reform and Criminal Justice Policy web site provides links to Internet resources relating to criminal law. There are plans to make the Centre's papers and reports available in HTML format; most are currently available as either plain-text or Microsoft Word files. Subjects of the papers range from aboriginal justice to sentencing and corrections. There are links to the other organizations that participate in the United Nations Online Crime and Justice Clearinghouse.

1997-01-01

309

AFRA IV-19 (RAF/8/024). Radiation Processing of Food and Industrial Products. Report of the Workshop on Food Irradiation Regulation in Nigeria held at the Centre for Energy Research and Development, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife. Wed 4 Nov 1998.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A one-day workshop on food irradiation regulations for Nigeria was held at the Centre for Energy Research and Development (CERD), Obafemi Awolowo University (OAU), Ile-Ife, Nigeria on November 4 1998. The workshop was declared open by the Deputy Vice Chan...

C. A. Adesanmi

1998-01-01

310

Patterns and motivations of successful women pursuing their careers in New Zealand call centres  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to report on the experience of women working in New Zealand call centres after finding contrary evidence in the international research which suggests call centre work does not offer career opportunities for its mainly female workforce. The research seeks to explore the career progress of women in a selection of call centres

Vivienne Hunt; Erling Rasmussen

2010-01-01

311

How imprinting centres work.  

PubMed

Imprinted genes tend to be clustered in the genome. Most of these clusters have been found to be under the control of discrete DNA elements called imprinting centres (ICs) which are normally differentially methylated in the germline. ICs can regulate imprinted expression and epigenetic marks at many genes in the region, even those which lie several megabases away. Some of the molecular and cellular mechanisms by which ICs control other genes and regulatory regions in the cluster are becoming clear. One involves the insulation of genes on one side of the IC from enhancers on the other, mediated by the insulator protein CTCF and higher-order chromatin interactions. Another mechanism may involve non-coding RNAs that originate from the IC, targeting histone modifications to the surrounding genes. Given that several imprinting clusters contain CTCF dependent insulators and/or non-coding RNAs, it is likely that one or both of these two mechanisms regulate imprinting at many loci. Both mechanisms involve a variety of epigenetic marks including DNA methylation and histone modifications but the hierarchy of and interactions between these modifications are not yet understood. The challenge now is to establish a chain of developmental events beginning with differential methylation of an IC in the germline and ending with imprinting of many genes, often in a lineage dependent manner. PMID:16575166

Lewis, A; Reik, W

2006-01-01

312

Energia- ja ympaeristoetietoinen rakentaminen. LVIS-2000 ja ETRR -tutkimusohjelmien yhteisseminaari. (Energy and environmental aspects in building construction. Joint seminar of the LVIS-2000 and ETRR research programmes).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A joint seminar was arranged by ETRR or 'Energy-efficient buildings and building components' and LVIS or 'Future building services'. The main topics of the seminar included environmental and energy conservation aspects in building construction; Concepts o...

R. Kohonen S. Naeraekkae

1992-01-01

313

A Case Study - The Unique Operating Model of the Research Core Facility (RCF) at the Keenan Research Centre (KRC) in the Li-Ka Shing Knowledge Institute (LKSKI) at St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, Canada  

PubMed Central

For the past several years we have planned a new building to house our Research programme. We used this as an opportnunity to create centralized core facilities with a unique operating model. Here we describe the design process, operating model and highlight the correlation between a well designed and proffesionally run core facility that stresses teaching, collaboration, user productivity and satisfaction. The RCF is a multi-user facility supporting basic science research in the new LKSKI. The underlying design principle for the LKSKI was to foster a collaborative research environment where there was a convergence between scientific investigation, education and patient care. The RCF does this both through its physical design which creates an atmosphere of connectivity, as well as through an emphasis on providing training and project design advice with a focus on teaching people to run their own samples rather than running the samples for them. The facility brought together new and donated equipment, centralizing management through a professional staff of trained scientists. It includes both common and specialized facilities such as; BioImaging, Flow cytometry, Molecular Biology, and Histology. By reducing duplication and increasing usage, the facility offers significant savings, creating a critical mass where cutting edge equipment and techniques are available to scientists who couldn't otherwise afford them. The RCF costs are shared by the users and the Institution. Instead of user fees, which can be hard to quantify and administer, the institution requires that all grants include financial support, equivalent to 3% of the operating budget. The conclusion, amongst the majority of researchers is that after a year of occupation and operation, there is a definite improvement in productivity and user satisfaction. A recent survey indicates that 85% of users are more productive, with 83% rating the facilities and operations as good or excellent.

Barker, Stephen

2013-01-01

314

Call centre management: responsibilities and performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To investigate call centre management from the perspective of the managers, particularly what the key management responsibilities are in managing call centres and the key performance indicators (KPIs) used in managing call centres. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A survey of call centre managers, followed by in-depth interviews. Findings – There is confusion over the strategic intent of call centres. Centres

George Robinson; Clive Morley

2006-01-01

315

Effects of joint on dynamics of space deployable structure  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Joints are necessary components in large space deployable truss structures which have significant effects on dynamic behavior of these joint dominated structures. Previous researches usually analyzed effects of one or fewer joint characters on dynamics of jointed structures. Effects of joint stiffness, damping, location, number, clearance and contact stiffness on dynamics of jointed structures are systematically analyzed. Cantilever beam model containing linear joints is developed based on finite element method, influence of joint on natural frequencies and mode shapes of the jointed system are analyzed. Analytical results show that frequencies of jointed system decrease dramatically when peak mode shapes occur at joint locations, and there are cusp shapes present in mode shapes. System frequencies increase with joint damping increasing, there are different joint damping to achieve maximum system damping for different joint stiffness. Joint nonlinear force-displacement is described by describing function method, one-DOF model containing nonlinear joints is established to analyze joints freeplay and hysteresis nonlinearities. Analysis results show that nonlinear effects of freeplay and hysteresis make dynamic responses switch from one resonance frequency to another frequency when amplitude exceed demarcation values. Joint contact stiffness determine degree of system nonlinearity, while exciting force level, clearance and slipping force affect amplitude of dynamic response. Dynamic responses of joint dominated deployable truss structure under different sinusoidal exciting force levels are tested. The test results show obvious nonlinear behaviors contributed by joints, dynamic response shifts to lower frequency and higher amplitude as exciting force increasing. The test results are further compared with analytical results, and joint nonlinearity tested is coincident with hysteresis nonlinearity. Analysis method of joint effects on dynamic characteristics of jointed system is proposed, which can be used in optimal design of joint parameters to achieve optimum dynamic performance of jointed system.

Guo, Hongwei; Zhang, Jing; Liu, Rongqiang; Deng, Zongquan

2013-09-01

316

The Canadian Astronomy Data Centre  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Canadian Astronomy Data Centre (CADC) is the world's largest astronomical data center, holding over 0.5 Petabytes of information, and serving nearly 3000 astronomers worldwide. Its current data collections include BLAST, CFHT, CGPS, FUSE, Gemini, HST, JCMT, MACHO, MOST, and numerous other archives and services. It provides extensive data archiving, curation, and processing expertise, via projects such as MegaPipe, and enables substantial day-to-day collaboration between resident astronomers and computer specialists. It is a stable, powerful, persistent, and properly supported environment for the storage and processing of large volumes of data, a condition that is now absolutely vital for their science potential to be exploited by the community. Through initiatives such as the Common Archive Observation Model (CAOM), the Canadian Virtual Observatory (CVO), and the Canadian Advanced Network for Astronomical Research (CANFAR), the CADC is at the global forefront of advancing astronomical research through improved data services. The CAOM aims to provide homogeneous data access, and hence viable interoperability between a potentially unlimited number of different data collections, at many wavelengths. It is active in the definition of numerous emerging standards within the International Virtual Observatory, and several datasets are already available. The CANFAR project is an initiative to make cloud computing for storage and data-intensive processing available to the community. It does this via a Virtual Machine environment that is equivalent to managing a local desktop. Several groups are already processing science data. CADC is also at the forefront of advanced astronomical data analysis, driven by the science requirements of astronomers both locally and further afield. The emergence of 'Astroinformatics' promises to provide not only utility items like object classifications, but to directly enable new science by accessing previously undiscovered or intractable information. We are currently in the early stages of implementing Astroinformatics tools, such as machine learning, on CANFAR.

Ball, Nicholas M.; Schade, D.; Astronomy Data Centre, Canadian

2011-01-01

317

Learning Disabilities: Implications for Policy Regarding Research and Practice--A Report by the National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities March 2011  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Founded in 1975, the National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities (NJCLD) is a national committee of representatives of 12 organizations committed to the education and welfare of individuals with learning disabilities. More than 350,000 individuals constitute the membership of the organizations represented by the NJCLD. The NJCLD considers…

Learning Disability Quarterly, 2011

2011-01-01

318

Research on 3d elastoplastic numerical analysis of settlement joint of shield tunnel based on the interaction between soil and structure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Considering the effect on uneven settlement of tunnel longitudinal stratum, a 3d elastoplastic numerical model is established for the arrangement of settlement joint and the calculation of force and deformation of tunnel longitudinal structure based on the interaction between soil and structure. In the FEM calculation model, soil material is elastoplastic, the soil constitutive model selected Mohr Coulomb, the element

Wu Shouhe; Li Zhong; Chen Siyang

2011-01-01

319

The Tehran Book Processing Centre.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Establishment of the Tehran Book Processing Centre (Tebroc) was proposed in the Spring of 1968. This document is a descriptive and historical account of the center, and a description of its contributions to Iranian processing development. The center was m...

J. F. Harvey

1971-01-01

320

Statistics Canada's Definition and Classification of Postsecondary and Adult Education Providers in Canada. Culture, Tourism and the Centre for Education Statistics. Research Paper. Catalogue no. 81-595-M No. 071  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document outlines the definitions and the typology now used by Statistics Canada's Centre for Education Statistics to identify, classify and delineate the universities, colleges and other providers of postsecondary and adult education in Canada for which basic enrollments, graduates, professors and finance statistics are produced. These new…

Orton, Larry

2009-01-01

321

What Becomes of Science in a Science Centre? Reconfiguring Science for Public Consumption  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper draws upon 10 interviews conducted with staff at two science centres as part of a research project on science centres and social and cultural inclusion. The authors argue that these science centres have developed a highly differentiated configuration of science that stands at some removes from the standard conception of science as a…

Tlili, Anwar; Cribb, Alan; Gewirtz, Sharon

2006-01-01

322

The influence of the centre of rotation on implant survival using a modular stem hip prosthesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The restoration of the hip centre of rotation in an anatomical position is considered to be relevant for total hip prosthesis\\u000a survival. When the cup is implanted with a high centre of rotation, the lever arm of the abductor muscles is decreased, causing\\u000a higher joint-reaction forces. Modular stems with varying lengths and geometries can be used to balance soft tissues,

Francesco Traina; Marcello De Fine; Federico Biondi; Enrico Tassinari; Andrea Galvani; Aldo Toni

2009-01-01

323

Strength prediction of adhesive joints using the modified damage zone theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

The composite joint has become an important research area because the structural efficiency of a structure with a joint is determined by its joints rather than by its basic structure since the joints are often the weakest areas in composite structures. In this paper, the strengths of adhesive joints consisting of metal and composites were predicted and tested by the

Chang-Su Ban; Young-Hwan Lee; Jin-Ho Choi; Jin-Hwe Kweon

2008-01-01

324

Molecular monitoring of equine joint homeostasis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Diseases affecting synovial joints are a major cause of chronic disability both in humans and in companion animal species, most notably dogs and horses. As progressive deterioration of the articular cartilage is the hallmark of degenerative joint disease or osteoarthritis, research efforts traditionally tended to focus primarily on cartilage pathology. However, in recent years it has become clear that synovial

Janny C. de Grauw

2011-01-01

325

Factors affecting construction joint ventures in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the early 1990s, construction joint venture companies have been developing and evolving rapidly in the People's Republic of China. However, entering the Chinese construction market is still seen as exciting but difficult by many foreign contractors and consultants. This research involved a full population survey of 160 Sino–foreign joint venture project based construction companies in four provinces. It investigated

Andrew Gale; Jun Luo

2004-01-01

326

Centre for the Study of African Economies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A research center within the Institute of Economics and Statistics, University of Oxford, the Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE) applies macroeconomic and microeconomic methods to African sociological, demographic, and political contexts. Selected abstracts and working papers from 1993 to present are available on topics ranging from central bank policy to health, crop choice, wages, and unemployment (.pdf format). In addition, users may browse the abstracts and tables of contents of articles from the CSAE publication The Journal of African Economies from 1996 to present.

327

The Makana Regional Centre of Expertise: Experiments in Social Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article deliberates the possibilities for Regional Centres of Expertise (RCEs) to become "experiments" in social learning. The purpose of the article is to advance the broader research agenda of RCEs through reflection on the empirical research agenda of one RCE, Makana RCE in South Africa. As such it opens questions on how we might see…

Lotz-Sisitka, Heila; O'Donoghue, Rob; Wilmot, Di

2010-01-01

328

Towards Human-Centred Design  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The field of HCI has evolved and expanded dramatically since its origin in the early 1980’s. The HCI community embraces a large community of researchers and practitioners around the world, from a variety of disciplinary backgrounds in the human and social sciences, engineering and informatics, and more recently, the arts and design disciplines. This kaleidoscope of cultures and disciplines as seen at INTERACT Conferences provides a rich pool of resources for examining our field. Applications are increasingly exploring our full range of sensory modalities, and merging the digital and physical worlds. WiFi has opened up a huge design space for mobile applications. A focus on usability of products and services has been complemented by an emphasis on engagement, enjoyment and experience. With the advent of ubiquitous computing, and the emergence of “The Internet of Things”, new kinds of more open infrastructures make possible radically new kinds of applications. The sources of innovation have also broadened, to include human and social actors outside of the computing and design organizations. The question is to what extent is our mainstream thinking in the HCI field ready for the challenges of this Brave New World? Do the technological and social innovations that we see emerging require us to re-shape, or even, re-create, our field, or is it a case of a more gradual evolution and development of that which we already know? In this closing Keynote, I will provide a perspective on the evolution and development of the HCI field, looking backwards as well as forwards, in order to determine what are some of the changes of significance in the field. This “broad-brush” approach to what I term “ human-centred design” will be complemented by the examination of specific projects and applications, to help anchor some of the discussion. Areas such as user-centred design, participatory design, computer-supported cooperative work and learning, and interaction design, in which I have had some involvement over the years, will be mentioned. I will discuss the themes of “ecologies of artefacts”, appropriation, tinkering/bricolage, and the emergence of design anthropology, among other topics. The purpose of the talk is not to engage in a form of Futurism concerning the HCI field, but to examine some of the technical and social trends that can be observed, and to highlight some areas of particular significance that warrant further attention. I argue for a multi-layered approach that, while exploring new avenues of research concerning people’s use of technology, does not necessarily dismiss the corpus of knowledge we have built up over the years concerning human-computer interaction. From a personal perspective, issues such as means and ends, our underlying values, and concern for our fellow human beings in an increasingly fragile world, are issues that, while perhaps seen as outside the remit of a narrow HCI brief, impact on the field in significant ways. In this regard, discussions of our future should not be the preserve of techno-determinists, but be open to all. For example, ubiquitous computing can be involved in many scenarios, not only that of “Ambient Intelligence”. We need to engage in the development and critique of these different perspectives and approaches. Being able to work in and with multidisciplinary teams embodying distint, and at times conflicting perspectives, being able to communicate ones ideas and information across a variety of social and institutional boundaries, will become of great importance. Of particular concern, in the context of an IFIP INTERACT event, is the need to balance the heterogeneity of concepts and methods being used in research and practice with some form of quality control. Despite the heterogeneity of perspectives and disciplines nowadays involved in the field, I will argue that the HCI community, as a community, still does have a significant role to play in the development and evolution of useful, usable and enaging ICT-enabled infrastructures and applications.

Bannon, Liam J.

329

The Tehran Book Processing Centre.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Establishment of the Tehran Book Processing Centre (Tebroc) was proposed in the Spring of 1968. This document is a descriptive and historical account of the center, and a description of its contributions to Iranian processing development. The center was modeled, to a certain extent, after Bro-Dart's Alanar in Williamsport, Pennsylvania. Tebroc…

Harvey, John F.

330

Applications of Centre Manifold Theory.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the lectures was to give an introduction to the applications of centre manifold theory to differential equations. Most of the material is presented in an informal fashion, by means of worked examples in the hope that this clarifies the use ...

J. Carr

1979-01-01

331

Logistics centres development in Latvia  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the situation where a large increase in trade and freight transport volumes in the Baltic Sea region (BSR) is expected and in which the BSR is facing a major economic restructuring, efforts to achieve more integrated and sustainable transport and communication links within the BSR are needed. One of these efforts is the development of logistics centres (LCs) and

Igor Kabashkin

2007-01-01

332

Player-centred game design  

Microsoft Academic Search

Videogames are not your typical software application. They are often designed to elicit a negative emotional response, such as frustration or fear, the antithesis of usability. However, this is not to suggest that HCI has little to offer the game design community. Indeed, the exact opposite appears to be true. A number of user-centred design techniques have evolved which can

Jonathan Sykes; Melissa Federoff

2006-01-01

333

Consumers bombard fraud reporting centre  

Microsoft Academic Search

Consumers and business finally have an outlet for reporting suspected Internet frauds. The Internet Fraud Complaint Centre, launched earlier this year by the Justice Department and the FBI, operates the government website which reports complaints to the proper agencies, tracks fraudulant schemes and supplies data to the appropriate law enforcement officials.

Allan Donnelly

2000-01-01

334

National Centre for Sustainable Development  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Centre for Sustainable Development (NCSD) was established to develop a national strategy for sustainable development in Romania. NCSD is also the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) representative in Romania. The goals of NCSD include environmental protection and poverty alleviation.

2008-02-19

335

Joint Synthetic Battlespace Integration Framework (JSB IF).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Joint Synthetic Battlespace or JSB will support training, acquisition, test and evaluation, and research and development communities. To accomplish this, the JSB must operate at many levels of detail, including: engineering level; entity level; missio...

E. Andrew S. D. Kwak

2003-01-01

336

Joint Services Electronics Program Progress Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An annual report of the JSEP (Joint Services Electronics Program) in Electromagnetics, Solid State Electronics, Materials and Devices, Quantum Electronics, and Information Sciences is presented. In addition, results of the research to date are summarized ...

D. J. Angelakos

1982-01-01

337

Breathing and temporomandibular joint disease.  

PubMed

Temporomandibular joint disease (TMD) refers to a collection of pain related conditions in the masticatory muscles and temporomandibular joint. Occlusal factors have been implicated in TMD pathogenesis, yet despite decades of research no causal relationship between occlusion and TMD has been found. The significance of psychosocial factors in both the assessment and the long-term management of patients with TMD is receiving increased recognition. The teaching of relaxation skills and coping strategies are effective, proven TMD therapies. The role of breathing re-education in temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders is rarely mentioned. A focus on breathing patterns and their disorders potentially explains how biomechanical factors associated with psychosocial influences might lead to pathophysiological changes within the TMJ as well as in the associated muscles. Attention to factors such as breathing and postural rehabilitation provides health professionals valuable, additional tools to help care for patients with TMD. PMID:21665104

Bartley, Jim

2010-06-25

338

CONFERENCE REPORT: Summary of the Joint Conference of the 11th International Stellarator Conference and the 8th International Toki Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion `Helical System Research'  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

. The `International Stellarator Conference' (under the aegis of the stellarator cooperation agreement of the IEA: International Energy Agency) is held every two years. The `International Toki Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion' has been held annually at Toki-city, Japan at which a selected topic on plasma physics and fusion engineering is discussed. This year both conferences were held as a joint conference in Toki-city, September 29-October 3, 1997, that was hosted by the National Institute for Fusion Science (NIFS) and supported by the Ministry of Education, Gifu-prefecture, Toki-city, and the Japan Society of Plasma Science and Nuclear Fusion Research. The main theme was `Helical System Research'.

Toki-city, et al.

1998-03-01

339

Teaching Children with Autism to Respond to Joint Attention Initiations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Children with autism fail to develop joint attention skills appropriate to developmental age. Joint attention is a predictor of ability in several core domains of autism including language, social development, affective sharing, and theory of mind capacity, thus establishing the significance of teaching joint attention. However, there is limited research to assist clinicians with methods to teach this skill. The

Megan P. Martins; Sandra L. Harris

2006-01-01

340

PROPRIOCEPTION OF ANKLE JOINT IN YOUNG HOCKEY PLAYERS  

Microsoft Academic Search

factors that leads to progressive degeneration of the joint and continued deficits in joint dynamics, balance, and coordination. Much clinical research has demonstrated that individuals with proprioception and neuromuscular response deficits as a result of injury, lesions, and joint degeneration are less capable of maintaining postural stability and equilibrium. However, no normal reference data on ankle proprioception represented by kinesthesia

Jing Xian Li; Blaine Hoshizaki

341

Suntory and Toyota International Centres for Economics and Related Disciplines  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Suntory and Toyota International Centres for Economics and Related Disciplines (STICERD) is an economic organization based at the London School of Economics and Political Science in London, England. Founded by Suntory Limited and the Toyota Motor Company Limited of Japan, STICERD hosts a variety of workshops and lectures, and offers financial help to postgraduates and outside research programs. Their Website includes information on STICERD-funded economic programs as well as selected abstracts and full-text discussion papers by the Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion (1997-present), the Distributional Analysis Research Programme (1997-present), Econometrics (1998-present), and Theoretical Economics Series (1998-present), among other publication series.

342

Student-Centred Learning: Toolkit for Students, Staff and Higher Education Institutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Toolkit forms part of the project entitled "Time for a New Paradigm in Education: Student-Centred Learning" (T4SCL), jointly led by the European Students' Union (ESU) and Education International (EI). This is an EU-funded project under the Lifelong Learning Programme (LLP) administered by the Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive…

Attard, Angele; Di Iorio, Emma; Geven, Koen; Santa, Robert

2010-01-01

343

Joint Injection/Aspiration  

MedlinePLUS

... osteoarthritis. What usually is injected into the joint space? Corticosteroids (such as methylprednisolone and triamcinolone formulated to ... for producing inflammation and pain within the joint space. Although corticosteroids may also be successfully used in ...

344

Arthritis: Metacarpophalangeal (MP) Joint  

MedlinePLUS

... activities. Arthritis is the wearing away of the cartilage at a joint. Cartilage is the coating layer of tissue on the ... that acts as a shock-absorber. Loss of cartilage can lead to joint destruction and a shift ...

345

Large displacement spherical joint  

DOEpatents

A new class of spherical joints has a very large accessible full cone angle, a property which is beneficial for a wide range of applications. Despite the large cone angles, these joints move freely without singularities.

Bieg, Lothar F. (Albuquerque, NM); Benavides, Gilbert L. (Albuquerque, NM)

2002-01-01

346

Spring 2004 Joint Symposium of the NY AAPT and APS  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The 2004 Joint Symposium addressed the question, "What Physics Education Research Says to Physicists and Physics Educators?" Topical sessions covered Recruiting and Retaining Under-Represented Populations, Research on Learning Physics, and Applying Research in the Physics Classroom.

2004-02-05

347

Collapsible mechanical joint  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A mechanical joint that can be configured to be either flexible or rigid is presented. The mechanical joint comprises three members which are flexibly attached to each other with a cable. When the cable is tightened, the three members come together to form a rigid joint capable of withstanding structural loads.

Robertson, Glen A.

1993-11-01

348

Bolted Hybrid Joints.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report presents the results of an analytical study of hybrid steel butt joints of A36, A440 and A514 steel. The joints were fastened by either A325 or A490 bolts. The studies were designed to determine the effect of various variables on the joint stre...

R. Kormanik J. W. Fisher

1966-01-01

349

Physiotherapy and occupational therapy for juvenile chronic arthritis: custom and practice in five centres in the UK, USA and Canada.  

PubMed

Physiotherapy and occupational therapy are widely accepted as being of central importance for the treatment of juvenile chronic arthritis (JCA). However, these approaches have rarely been subject to critical scrutiny. The aims of this report are to highlight some of the inter-centre similarities and differences observed in the implementation of physical and occupational therapy for JCA, and to emphasize the need for scientifically controlled research in this area. During a series of visits to several paediatric rheumatology units in the UK, USA and Canada, three aspects of the service were noted: treatment philosophy, physical interventions used for the treatment of JCA and quality-of-life and independence training activities. There was general consensus with the philosophy that early physical intervention was a vital part of the treatment plan for JCA, although all therapists were concerned that compliance with treatment modalities was poor. Differences between units in the approach to acute arthritis, the use of foot orthoses and wrist splints, the treatment of joint contractures and the use of general quality-of-life training activities were noted. Although it was widely recognized that controlled research into the efficacy of physical intervention was needed, no centre had a co-ordinated plan for such investigations. PMID:8758608

Hackett, J; Johnson, B; Parkin, A; Southwood, T

1996-07-01

350

Reliability of solder joints under electrical stressing - strain evolution of solder joints  

Microsoft Academic Search

Damage mechanics of solder interconnects under electrical stressing is an important reliability issue for next generation power electronic packaging as well as for future IC packaging. The high electrical stressing in solder joints leads to electromigration and thus could not be ignored. In this paper, the state-of-the-art research on electromigration in solder joints is reviewed. An experimental electromigration study on

Hua Ye; Cemal Basaran; Douglas Hopkins; Alexander Cartwright

2002-01-01

351

The International Centre for Career Development and Public Policy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Centre for Career Development and Public Policy is sponsored by a range of international organizations, including the World Bank and the International Association for Educational and Vocational Guidance. The primary directive of the Centre's website is "to facilitate policy learning through the international exchange of knowledge and information concerning public policy and career development issues." On their site, visitors can look over sections titled "Policy & Research", "Symposia", "Forums", and "Resources". A good way to get started is to check out the "Policy & Research" area. Here visitors can find information about topics that include the Centre's work on expanding access to educational guidance, improving career information, and assessing educational effectiveness in partner countries. After that, visitors can look through the "Categories" listing on the left side of the homepage to look for materials on everything from "Algeria" to "Training and Qualifications".

352

Investigation of Similarities among Human Joints through the Coding System of Human Joint Properties—Part 2  

Microsoft Academic Search

In rehabilitation engineering and assistive technology, precedent researches have focused on a single characteristic or property\\u000a of a single joint, while little attention was paid to similarities among joints. This work attempts to investigate similarities\\u000a among human joints by referring to the coding system of human joint properties proposed in Part 1. To investigate the similarities,\\u000a eight out of the

S. C. Chen; S. T. Hsu; C. L. Liu; C. H. Yu

353

Groningen temporomandibular joint prosthesis. Development and first clinical application  

Microsoft Academic Search

Patients with a severely degenerated temporomandibular joint (TMJ) may benefit from an alloplastic TMJ replacement. The aim of the study was to develop a safe and properly functioning TMJ prosthesis. The design was based on imitation of anterior condylar translation by an inferiorly located centre of rotation, unrestricted mandibular movements by a double articulation, correct fit to the skull by

J.-P. van Loon; L. G. M. de Bont; B. Stegenga; F. K. L. Spijkervet; G. J. Verkerke

2002-01-01

354

Seismic response of rock joints and jointed rock mass  

SciTech Connect

Long-term stability of emplacement drifts and potential near-field fluid flow resulting from coupled effects are among the concerns for safe disposal of high-level nuclear waste (HLW). A number of factors can induce drift instability or change the near-field flow patterns. Repetitive seismic loads from earthquakes and thermal loads generated by the decay of emplaced waste are two significant factors. One of two key technical uncertainties (KTU) that can potentially pose a high risk of noncompliance with the performance objectives of 10 CFR Part 60 is the prediction of thermal-mechanical (including repetitive seismic load) effects on stability of emplacement drifts and the engineered barrier system. The second KTU of concern is the prediction of thermal-mechanical-hydrological (including repetitive seismic load) effects on the host rock surrounding the engineered barrier system. The Rock Mechanics research project being conducted at the Center for Nuclear Waste Regulatory Analyses (CNWRA) is intended to address certain specific technical issues associated with these two KTUs. This research project has two major components: (i) seismic response of rock joints and a jointed rock mass and (ii) coupled thermal-mechanical-hydrological (TMH) response of a jointed rock mass surrounding the engineered barrier system (EBS). This final report summarizes the research activities concerned with the repetitive seismic load aspect of both these KTUs.

Ghosh, A.; Hsiung, S.M.; Chowdhury, A.H. [Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX (United States). Center for Nuclear Waste Regulatory Analyses

1996-06-01

355

Effects of Disbonds, Lightning Strikes, and Low-Velocity Impact Damage on Adhesively Bonded Composite Joints.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this research was to investigate the static strength of adhesively bonded composite joints with the presence of large damage. The research addressed the concerns related to manufacturing and operational defects of bonded joints, i.e., diffe...

G. R. Pillai J. Tomblin W. Seneviratne

2009-01-01

356

Research and Technology Transfer Ion Implantation Technology for Specialty Materials: Proceedings of a Joint Workshop Held in Knoxville, Tennessee on 26-27 October 1989.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The ion implantation research and technology transfer workshop brought together a diverse group of academic, industrial and government participants. Several key issues highlighted were: (1) A need exists for new technology transfer infrastructures between...

R. R. Reeber

1991-01-01

357

The Electronic Plant Information Centre  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew presents the Electronic Plant Information Centre (ePIC), an online resource designed to serve as a single gateway to all digitized plant information generated by Kew. ePIC brings together Kew's major specimen, bibliographic, and taxonomic databases in an easy-to-search interface. Simply enter a scientific plant name into the search engine, and ePIC will retrieve all available information on record, as well as links to related information resources from external organizations. Search results may be downloaded as an email message. More information, including digital images and electronic documents, will be added to ePIC as it become available.

2002-01-01

358

Canada Centre for Remote Sensing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Canada Centre for Remote Sensing (CCRS) is responsible for the provision of a national service for the reception, processing, archiving and dissemination of remotely sensed data for Canada. Major features of the their homepage include a history of CCRS, a publications database, and a section of news articles and announcments. Additional links are provided to a glossary of terms and to an extensive set of outreach and educational materials for K-12 and higher levels. Sections on optical and radar imaging systems feature overviews of platforms and instruments, as well as imagery.

359

The Future of Europe's Financial Centres  

Microsoft Academic Search

he growth enjoyed by Europe's financial sector in recent years rendered the question of the future of its financial centres almost superfluous. It seemed as if many financial centres would continue to prosper in Europe - whether big or small, or specialised or regional. Recently, however, the meaning of the phrase 'single market' for financial centres has begun to take

Karel Lannoo

360

Bone and joint infection in neonates.  

PubMed

A retrospective study was done to review the clinical experience of septic arthritis and osteomyelitis in the newborns in our centre. Case records of all the neonates born from January 1989 to August 1994 and those admitted to outborn nursery from 1985 to 1993 were reviewed. Diagnosis of septic arthritis/osteomyelitis was made in the presence of relevant clinical signs and supported by positive culture from blood or joint fluid and abnormal X-ray or ultrasound findings. The incidence of septic arthritis and osteomyelitis among inborn babies was 1 in 1500. There were 25 neonates with mean gestational age 34.5 (range 27-40) weeks and mean birth weight 2269 (range 990-4750) gms. Limitation of movement (64%) and local swelling (60%) were commonest presentations. A total of 33 joints were involved in 25 babies. Eight babies (32%) had multiple joint involvement. Hip and knee were the most commonly involved joints (48% each). In 19 babies (76%) joint involvement occurred in association with a generalized septicemic illness while 6 babies (24%) had localised signs and symptoms. Joint aspirate was positive for gram stain or culture in 12 (48%) and 10 babies (40%) had positive blood culture. Klebsiella pneumoniae and Staphylococcus aureus were commonest isolates. Radiological changes were seen in 13 (52%) babies. All were treated with appropriate antibiotics and open surgical drainage was done in 5 (20%) cases. Bone and joint infections are important complications in sick septicemic neonates and need early diagnosis, appropriate management with antibiotics, surgical drainage in selected cases to prevent long term morbidity. PMID:10771999

Narang, A; Mukhopadhyay, K; Kumar, P; Bhakoo, O N

361

JIMO: Joint Institute for Marine Observations  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Joint Institute for Marine Observations (JIMO) website serves as a mechanism to centralize "the research and infrastructure resources" of Scripps Institution of Oceanography and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), two of the leading marine research institutes in North America. JIMO research focuses on four areas: Research in Extreme Environments, Long Term Ocean & Atmosphere Observations, Biological Systems Research, and Research & Development on Observation System. JIMO is one of more than a dozen Environmental Research Laboratories. As a joint institute, JIMO also seeks to "enhance the educational opportunities and breadth of training for students through close collaboration with the NOAA researchers, team teaching by Scripps and NOAA scientists and research experience at one of the NOAA facilities." Further information is available on site.

1969-12-31

362

International Centre for Earth Simulation (ICES)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

High Performance Computing is currently deployed in several centers for climate research, but not at the levels needed to achieve substantial success on a global basis, given the complexity of the problem. A quantum leap in capabilities will be necessary to handle next-generation climate models that integrate newly emerging sciences, high-resolution grids, and voluminous observational data from satellites and sophisticated ground devices. Bishop will discuss efforts to build an International Centre for Earth Simulation (ICES) that takes an holistic systems approach, and that has the competence and resources to achieve new insights in this new decade, and is capable to influence public policy wrt to weather, climate, environment and disaster risk reduction.

Bishop, R.

2010-09-01

363

Trends in biological joint resurfacing  

PubMed Central

The treatment of osteochondral lesions and osteoarthritis remains an ongoing clinical challenge in orthopaedics. This review examines the current research in the fields of cartilage regeneration, osteochondral defect treatment, and biological joint resurfacing, and reports on the results of clinical and pre-clinical studies. We also report on novel treatment strategies and discuss their potential promise or pitfalls. Current focus involves the use of a scaffold providing mechanical support with the addition of chondrocytes or mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), or the use of cell homing to differentiate the organism’s own endogenous cell sources into cartilage. This method is usually performed with scaffolds that have been coated with a chemotactic agent or with structures that support the sustained release of growth factors or other chondroinductive agents. We also discuss unique methods and designs for cell homing and scaffold production, and improvements in biological joint resurfacing. There have been a number of exciting new studies and techniques developed that aim to repair or restore osteochondral lesions and to treat larger defects or the entire articular surface. The concept of a biological total joint replacement appears to have much potential. Cite this article: Bone Joint Res 2013;2:193–9.

Myers, K. R.; Sgaglione, N. A.; Grande, D. A.

2013-01-01

364

Family-centred care in paediatric and neonatal nursing--a literature review.  

PubMed

A literature review of family-centred care in paediatric and neonatal nursing was undertaken as part of a research project. This research intended to ascertain the knowledge and attitudes of paediatric and neonatal qualified nurses and nurse educators towards family-centred care as it pertains to infants and children in hospitals in the Gauteng Province. A definition of family-centred care is difficult to formulate mainly due to the lack of consensus about its meaning. Additionally, the diverse societal contexts within which family-centred care is applied further complicate its definition. Internationally in developed countries, family-centred care is viewed as care, which is parent-led in consultation with the nurse practitioner. A family-centred care model for the South African context needs to be developed with the focus on parent participation, a precursor of family-centred care. This article traces the early developments in parental care for hospitalised children with specific reference to the USA, the UK and South Africa. Precursor concepts in family-centred care are described followed by a cursory overview of the reality of family-centred care, its cultural dimensions and matters of family strengths and choices in family-centred care. PMID:12434636

Irlam, L K; Bruce, J C

2002-08-01

365

The Commons - Information Services Collaboratory for Teaching, Learning and Research [AJCU 2008 Joint Conference on Information Technology Management, Libraries and Educational Technology, Mar 30Apr 2, 2008  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Commons has evolved in higher education to include the Student Commons (Information and Learning Commons) and the Faculty Commons (Teaching and Research Commons). This presentation provides an overview and details of the development and expansion of the Student and Faculty Commons concepts, recent trends, and the varieties of administrative models functioning today. The presentation provides a guide to use

D. Russell Bailey

2008-01-01

366

Thin-joint glued brickwork: Building in the British context  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thin-joint glued brickwork is used increasingly in mainland Europe but the uptake of the technology is inhibited in the UK because of a lack of design guidance. This paper, based on an international research project, provides some essential technical and practical information about thin-joint glued brickwork.The characteristics and advantages of thin-joint glued brickwork are described, latest research and working practices,

Nicholas Walliman; Bousmaha Baiche; Raymond Ogden

2008-01-01

367

The applicability of human-centred automation guidelines in the fighter aircraft domain  

Microsoft Academic Search

Motivation -- To guide the development of human-centred automation within the fighter aircraft domain. Research approach -- Identified human-centred automation guidelines have been analysed in relation to existing fighter aircraft automated functions together with system developers at Saab Aeronautics. Findings\\/Design -- The results show that the human-centred automation guidelines have been considered during the development process. From these results, implications

Tove Helldin; Göran Falkman; Jens Alfredson; Johan Holmberg

2011-01-01

368

Health monitoring of an adhesive joint using a multiaxis fiber grating strain sensor system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of adhesive joints in aerospace structures is becoming increasingly important. From this, arises the problem of assessing joint integrity quickly, non- intrusively, accurately, and inexpensively. Current methods of assessing joint integrity, such as ultrasonics and x- rays, are time intensive and difficult to interpret. Blue Road Research's solution to monitoring adhesive joint integrity quickly and accurately is to

Whitten L. Schulz; Eric Udd; Mike Morrell; John M. Seim; Ignacio M. Perez; Angela Trego

1999-01-01

369

A Comparison of Contexts for Assessing Joint Attention in Toddlers on the Autism Spectrum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Children on the autism spectrum often demonstrate atypical joint attention, leading some researchers to consider joint attention deficits a core feature of the autism spectrum. Structured measures, such as the Early Social Communication Scales (ESCS), are commonly used to provide a metric of joint attention. To explore the assessment of joint

Roos, Elizabeth M.; McDuffie, Andrea S.; Weismer, Susan Ellis; Gernsbacher, Morton Ann

2008-01-01

370

Study on the fatigue life of the FC-BGA solder joints with Damage  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous study shows there are some micro-voids in the SnPb solder joints materials. The imaging of the crack solder joints prove that the physical mechanism of the crack joints is based on the evolution of the micro voids in the interface. But the solder joint material is though as undamaged material in the previous researches. So it is found that

Gong Yubing; Li Quan Yong; Yang Daoguo

2005-01-01

371

Knee Joint Laxity and Neuromuscular Characteristics of Male and Female Soccer and Basketball Players  

Microsoft Academic Search

Anterior cruciate ligament injuries are occurring at a higher rate in female athletes compared with their male counterparts. Research in the area of anterior cruciate ligament injury has increasingly focused on the role of joint proprioception and muscle activity in promoting knee joint stability. We measured knee joint laxity, joint kinesthesia, lower extremity balance, the amount of time required to

Susan L. Rozzi; Scott M. Lephart; William S. Gear; Freddie H. Fu

1999-01-01

372

Factory-molded cable joints  

SciTech Connect

Until recently, splicing underground transmission cable has been a delicate and time-consuming process. Now, pretested, factory-molded joints for 69-kV to 138 K-V solid-dielectric cables can be assembled quickly on site to yield connections that are as reliable as the cable itself. To produce mechanically and electrically sound splice components, however, it was necessary to extend the design criteria and manufacturing processes (including rubber compounding technology, rubber rheology, and injection molding) beyond the existing state of the art. The Electric Power Research Institute sponsored the research and development. 2 figures.

Tracy, S.; Garcia, F.

1985-06-01

373

The Centre for the Study of Global Governance  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Established in 1992 at the London School of Economics and Political Science, the Centre for the Study of Global Governance with a substantial grant from the Maurice Laing and Rufford Foundations. As the website notes, the centre's mission is "to inquire into the origins and nature of urgent problems facing the globe, to inform by way of public lectures, seminars, and discussion, and to influence agencies and organizations engaged in seeking and implementing solutions to these urgent problems." From the homepage, visitors can learn about the various leaders and fellows at the Centre, learn about ongoing research projects on global civil society and other topics, and view selected discussion papers and transcripts of public lectures. Some of the rather compelling papers available for consideration here address topics as diverse as the role of international criminal prosecutions in reconstructing divided communities and the impact of globalization in southeastern European countries.

374

Centre for Astrophysics and Supercomputing, Swinburne University of Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The web page of the Centre for Astrophysics and Supercomputing at Swinburne University of Technology of Melbourne, Australia provides links to news articles and information on research programs and educational programs for university students and the general public. There is also information on the Centre's education and outreach programs, including Swinburne Astronomy Online (SAO), which concentrates on fundamental concepts and key issues in contemporary astronomy for amateur astronomers, educators and communicators, people working in related fields, and the general public. Other materials include Cosmos, an online astronomy encyclopedia for general audiences; information on AstroTours, 3D virtual tours of astronomical objects and phenomena; and information on SpaceWorks, the Centre's commercial arm for combining projection and visualization technology with educational content.

375

Compensation Options in Joint Ventures. A Real Options Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research focuses on a cluster of dynamic reallocation and restatement of ownership clauses contained in joint venture agreements. These clauses, with potentially significant financial implications, govern the transfer of rights between the parties on two key financial issues: the allocation of profits and losses and the ownership interests in the joint venture. The central contribution of this research is

Carmen Juan; Fernando Olmos; Rahim Ashkeboussi

2007-01-01

376

USAREUR Family Support During Operation Joint Endeavor: Summary Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this report is to summarize the major findings from a joint Walter Reed Army Institute for Research and U.S. Army Research Institute study of the ability of USAREUR families to adapt to the stresses of Operation Joint Endeavor (OJE) in Bosn...

D. B. Bell J. Bartone P. T. Bartone W. R. Schumm P. A. Gade

1997-01-01

377

Joint Institute for Nanoscience Annual Report 2004  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to the inherently interdisciplinary nature of nanoscience and nanotechnology, research in this arena is often significantly enhanced through creative cooperative activities. The Joint Institute for Nanoscience (JIN) is a venture of the University of Washington (UW) and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to encourage and enhance high impact and high quality nanoscience and nanotechnology research that leverages the strengths

Donald R. Baer; Charles Campbell

2005-01-01

378

Researching \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article delineates how race has been undertheorized in research on the educational experiences and outcomes of Blacks. The authors identify two dominant traditions by which researchers have invoked race (i.e., as culture and as a variable) and outline their conceptual limitations. They analyze how these traditions mask the heterogene- ity of the Black experience, underanalyze institutionalized produc- tions of

Carla O'Connor; Amanda Lewis; Jennifer Mueller

379

Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In May of 1999, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences hosted a conference on ways to improve the scientific quality of educational research. In medicine, thanks to work 40 years ago by 2 researchers, Howard Hyatt and Frederick Mosteller, the commitment of medical professionals to base their diagnoses and prescriptions on clinical trials in…

Raudenbush, Stephen

380

Maintaining health: proactive client-oriented community day treatment centres for the chronic mentally ill.  

PubMed

This grounded theory study compared the definition of health by clients of two rural mental health day treatment centres, Big Sky Centre and Montana Centre. Based on an original grounded theory study of seven chronic mentally ill/disabled clients in Big Sky Centre (Yurkovich et al. 1997), the core variable, 'preventing loss of control' and related properties, were validated with nine residents of Montana Centre. While establishing a 'fit' with previous research findings, differences emerged between these two centres. These differences related to the staffs' philosophical approaches in providing treatment to the chronic mentally ill. Big Sky Centre care providers empowered their clients to learn new behaviours from their peers and assume new roles such as newcomer, member and leader. They also encouraged a prosocial attitude, and created a sense of belonging through valued involvement in their treatment. Montana Centre clients were not empowered to try out new behaviours in the treatment environment, or seek social support networks among their peers at the centre, which would foster a sense of belonging. The result was that clients from Montana Centre relied on the formal healthcare system more often than clients from the Big Sky Centre. The competing forces in healthcare today--family members, mental health providers, and insurance or managed care providers--make it easy to lose sight of or fail to gain the client's perspective about their health status and maintenance, particularly as it concerns day treatment centres. The importance of the day treatment centre as a therapeutic community which requires educational processes, innovative nursing practice, and client-centred interventions will be discussed. PMID:10336739

Yurkovich, E; Smyer, T; Dean, L

1999-02-01

381

Career Counselling in a Changing South Africa. Report on the Advanced Seminar of the Centre for Child and Adult Guidance of the Institute for Psychological and Edumetric Research (Republic of South Africa, September 16, 1987). Occasional Paper No. 40.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Seminar papers included in this document are: (1) "Career Counselling in a Changing South Africa," the opening address by J. G. Garbers, president of the Human Science Research Council; (2) "Current Problems in Career Counselling: The Report of the National Manpower Commission" (I. J. van Zyl); (3) "The Present Economic Situation and Career…

Visser, M. J., Comp.

382

Noise Attenuation Performance of the Joint Service Aircrew Mask (JSAM) - Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) with the Lightning II Generation II Helmet.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Noise attenuation performance tests were performed on the Joint Service Aircrew Mask (JSAM)-Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) with the Lightning II Generation II (Gen II) Helmet Mounted Display (HMD) at the Air Force Research Laboratory's (AFRL) Acoustics facili...

H. L. Gallagher R. L. McKinley

2012-01-01

383

Clarifying the Subject Centred Approach to Vocational Learning Theory: Negotiated Participation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Workplace learning research has taken what could be termed a turn to the subjective. This brings the person and agency of workers to the centre of work learning theory. Within sociocultural perspectives that emphasise participative practice as the basis of vocational learning, a key concept that emerges from this subject centred approach is…

Smith, Raymond

2012-01-01

384

Emotional dissonance, emotional exhaustion and job satisfaction in call centre workers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rapid rise of the service sector, and in particular the call centre industry has made the study of emotional labour increasingly important within the area of occupational stress research. Given high levels of turnover and absenteeism in the industry this article examines the emotional demands (emotional labour) of call centre work and their relationship to the job satisfaction and

K. A. Lewig; M. F. Dollard

2003-01-01

385

The Centre for the Advanced Study of Italian Society at Reading  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Centre for the Advanced Study of Italian Society was created by Stuart Woolf at Reading University in 1966. It provided the institutional basis for close collaboration with Italian academics and politicians, many of whom participated in seminars. It attracted funding from Italy for research collaboration with Italian academics. The presence of the Centre led to donations from English antifascists

Stuart Woolf

2011-01-01

386

Split personalities: The job satisfaction of learning centre support staff at a multi?site university  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reports findings of a study investigating the job satisfaction of learning centre support staff at a multi?site university, focusing on whether differences in satisfaction existed at different sites. Using qualitative research methods, assistants across the five learning centre sites of the university were interviewed. The results showed that good customer relations, work variety and challenge were satisfying, while problems with

Rachel Geeson; Anne Goulding

1999-01-01

387

Implementing the Democratic Principles and Practices of Student-Centred Curriculum Integration in Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student-centred curriculum integration (CI) is a concept underpinned by democratic education. It places students at the centre of learning, involving them in classroom decisions and curriculum planning. Most research on this approach has been situated in the middle years, but this study focuses on primary schooling. This project examined what…

Brough, Chris Jane

2012-01-01

388

Recommendations for Meeting the Pediatric Patient's Need for a Clinical Pharmacist: A Joint Opinion of the Pediatrics Practice and Research Network of the American College of Clinical Pharmacy and the Pediatric Pharmacy Advocacy Group  

PubMed Central

Children warrant access to care from clinical pharmacists trained in pediatrics. The American College of Clinical Pharmacy Pediatrics Practice and Research Network (ACCP Pediatrics PRN) released an opinion paper in 2005 with recommendations for improving the quality and quantity of pediatric pharmacy education in colleges of pharmacy, residency programs, and fellowships. While progress has been made in increasing the availability of pediatric residencies, there is still much to be done to meet the direct care needs of pediatric patients. The purpose of this Joint Opinion paper is to outline strategies and recommendations for expanding the quality and capacity of pediatric clinical pharmacy practitioners by 1) elevating the minimum expectations for pharmacists entering practice to provide pediatric care; 2) standardizing pediatric pharmacy education; 3) expanding the current number of pediatric clinical pharmacists; and 4) creating an infrastructure for development of pediatric clinical pharmacists and clinical scientists. These recommendations may be used to provide both a conceptual framework and action items for schools of pharmacy, health care systems, and policymakers to work together to increase the quality and quantity of pediatric training, practice, or research initiatives.

Bhatt-Mehta, Varsha; Buck, Marcia L.; Chung, Allison M.; Farrington, Elizabeth Anne; Hagemann, Tracy M.; Hoff, David S.; LaRochelle, Joseph M.; Pettit, Rebecca S.; Phan, Hanna; Potts, Amy L.; Smith, Katherine P.; Parrish, Richard H.

2012-01-01

389

Recommendations for Meeting the Pediatric Patient's Need for a Clinical Pharmacist: A Joint Opinion of the Pediatrics Practice and Research Network of the American College of Clinical Pharmacy and the Pediatric Pharmacy Advocacy Group.  

PubMed

Children warrant access to care from clinical pharmacists trained in pediatrics. The American College of Clinical Pharmacy Pediatrics Practice and Research Network (ACCP Pediatrics PRN) released an opinion paper in 2005 with recommendations for improving the quality and quantity of pediatric pharmacy education in colleges of pharmacy, residency programs, and fellowships. While progress has been made in increasing the availability of pediatric residencies, there is still much to be done to meet the direct care needs of pediatric patients. The purpose of this Joint Opinion paper is to outline strategies and recommendations for expanding the quality and capacity of pediatric clinical pharmacy practitioners by 1) elevating the minimum expectations for pharmacists entering practice to provide pediatric care; 2) standardizing pediatric pharmacy education; 3) expanding the current number of pediatric clinical pharmacists; and 4) creating an infrastructure for development of pediatric clinical pharmacists and clinical scientists. These recommendations may be used to provide both a conceptual framework and action items for schools of pharmacy, health care systems, and policymakers to work together to increase the quality and quantity of pediatric training, practice, or research initiatives. PMID:23258972

Bhatt-Mehta, Varsha; Buck, Marcia L; Chung, Allison M; Farrington, Elizabeth Anne; Hagemann, Tracy M; Hoff, David S; Larochelle, Joseph M; Pettit, Rebecca S; Phan, Hanna; Potts, Amy L; Smith, Katherine P; Parrish, Richard H

2012-07-01

390

Joint warfare system (JWARS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Joint Warfare System (JWARS) is a campaign-level model of military operations that is currently being developed under contract by the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) for use by OSD, the Joint Staff, the Services, and the War fighting Commands. The behavior of military forces can be simulated from ports of embarkation through to their activities in combat.

A. Simlote

2003-01-01

391

Joint Seal Materials.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Three major experimental field installations of approximately 7 types of joint sealing materials were used to compare and evaluate the products of numerous sealant manufacturers. The sealants were placed in contraction joints (3/8 in. x 2 in.) which were ...

J. G. F. Hiss J. R. Lambert W. M. McCarty

1968-01-01

392

Joint remote state preparation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Alice, Bob and Charlie are three remote parties. Alice and Bob share the classical knowledge of a secret qubit state. We consider the following question: 'how can Alice and Bob jointly prepare the qubit state for Charlie?' Two different protocols are proposed for such a joint remote state preparation. The first protocol uses a single GHZ state while the second

Ba An Nguyen; Jaewan Kim

2008-01-01

393

Research  

SciTech Connect

Subjects covered in this section are: (1) PCAST panel promotes energy research cooperation; (2) Letter issued by ANS urges funding balance in FFTF restart consideration and (3) FESAC panel releases report on priorities and balance.

NONE

1999-10-01

394

Journey to the Centre of Europe  

Microsoft Academic Search

De nombreuses institutions locales utilisent, dans de véritables opérations de marketing territorial, une analogie entre centre géographique et centre géométrique du cercle pour valoriser leur localisation. Il s'agit là d'une conception particulière et étroite d'une idée plus riche et plus insaisissable. Le concept de centre est une construction économique et sociale mais il repose sur certains principes consensuels : l'accessibilité,

Jean-Marie HURIOT; Jacky PERREUR

1998-01-01

395

P N Lebedev Physical Institute RAS — 75 years(Joint session of the P N Lebedev Physical Institute Research Council and the Scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the United Physical Society of the Russian Federation, 6 April 2009)  

Microsoft Academic Search

A Joint session of the P N Lebedev Physical Institute Research Council of the Academy of Sciences and the Scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the United Physical Society of the Russian Federation was convened on 6 April 2009 to mark the 75th anniversary of the P N Lebedev Physical Institute of

Gennadii A Mesyats; Boris M Bolotovskii; Yurii V Kopaev; Nikolai S Kardashev; Georgii T Zatsepin; Tat'yana M Roganova; Anatolii V Masalov; Mikhail A Gubin; Vladimir L Velichansky; Rustam D Dagkesamanskii

2009-01-01

396

CONFERENCES AND SYMPOSIA: P N Lebedev Physical Institute RAS --- 75 years(Joint session of the P N Lebedev Physical Institute Research Council and the Scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the United Physical Society of the Russian Federation, 6 April 2009)  

Microsoft Academic Search

A Joint session of the P N Lebedev Physical Institute Research Council of the Academy of Sciences and the Scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the United Physical Society of the Russian Federation was convened on 6 April 2009 to mark the 75th anniversary of the P N Lebedev Physical Institute of

Gennadii A. Mesyats; Boris M. Bolotovskii; Yurii V. Kopaev; Nikolai S. Kardashev; Georgii T. Zatsepin; Tat'yana M. Roganova; Anatolii V. Masalov; Mikhail A. Gubin; Vladimir L. Velichansky; Rustam D. Dagkesamanskii

2009-01-01

397

Ceramic joints for pressure sensors development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article describes the research work related to the ceramic joint quality evaluation, the thermal-structural analysis of ceramic joining and ceramic bond design and implementation. The role of ceramic material in electronics industry and motivation for joining ceramics is described in the introduction. Important directions for future research are summarized, with emphasis on the statistical determination of poor joint, and how the modification of a joint technology and process setting affects results and parameters that have been achieved. Main requirements for evaluating quality of joints are described in this paper together with the results of simulations of real ceramic joint application which is ceramic pressure sensor. During manufacturing process of this pressure sensor is one of the most critical part cooling process which was subjected to detail analysis due to number of failures and parasitic deformations revealed after removing assembled and joint pressure sensor from the oven. Our experimental results were evaluated by using the t-test before and after process cooling modification to verify their correctness.

Novotný, Radovan; Vlach, Radek; Kadlec, Jaroslav; Kuchta, Radek

2013-05-01

398

Transforming Logistics: Joint Theater Logistics.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Effective and efficient management of joint theater logistics is a challenge for theater commanders. Current doctrine for joint theater logistics management provides broad non-directive guidance for developing a joint theater logistics system that can opt...

S. W. Pate

2006-01-01

399

Accreditation of birth centres: advantages for newborns.  

PubMed

Accreditation or certification of Health Care Providers is a crucial tool to improve health care quality, and to promote excellence. Excellent healthcare should have the following six characteristics: Safe, Effective, Person-centred, Timely, Efficient, Equitable. Safety in health care should consider the analysis and reduction of medical systematic errors and their related patients' harm. In 1999 the U.S. Institute of Medicine defined medical errors as the failure of a planned action to be completed as intended or the use of a wrong plan to achieve an aim. In neonatal intensive care units and pediatric intensive care units the areas most frequently associated with medical errors are medication, including prescribing, preparation, administration and monitoring; health-care associated infections; mechanical ventilation; events related to the use of medical devices or procedures and, more recently, caregivers fatigue and communication strategies. In Italy, Maternal-Neonatal Health is one of the national priorities, but there are still wide and deep differences among Regions. In 2008, more than 9% of the deliveries occurred in Hospitals with less than 500 births per year, a volume considered too small to guarantee optimal standard of care. In 2010, the National Government and the Regional Health Authorities agreed to set to 1000 births/year the standard threshold for Hospital Birth Centers, considering the same volume for obstetric-gynecologic and neonatal-pediatrics Units. Despite most indicators attest the good performance of the National health care, a further area to be addressed is the perception of its quality by the people. The discrepancy between quality of care and its public perception is in fact reported in many industrialized countries. Accreditation programs can improve the availability and access to a standardized quality of care. A well-established worldwide accreditation program is led by Joint Commission International (JCI). As far as accreditation of perinatal care is regarded, in 2010 the U.S. Joint Commission has defined a set of measures known as the perinatal care core measure set, which consider elective delivery, cesarean section, antenatal steroids, healthcare-associated bloodstream infections in newborns, exclusive breastmilk feeding. In Italy, the 2011-2013 National Health Care Plan underline the need for developing and implementing certification programs for Hospital Birth Centers. In 2011, a multidisciplinary working group (Italian Group for Safe Birth) has thus been established. Conclusion: the main goal of each Health Care Organization should be to achieve the best quality and safety. Health Care Organizations must reduce random variations and improve activities by a standardized process whose results can be measured both in terms of patients outcome and in terms of transparency of each activity. Newborn and infants are one of the weakest population group; to improve their health outcome is thus mandatory to do all efforts to obtain a safe, effective, efficient and patient-centered health care assistance. PMID:23116087

Dotta, Andrea; Portanova, Anna; Bianchi, Natalia; Degli Atti, Marta Ciofi; Zanini, Rinaldo; Raponi, Massimiliano

2012-11-02

400

Minimal formulation of joint motion for biomechanisms.  

PubMed

Biomechanical systems share many properties with mechanically engineered systems, and researchers have successfully employed mechanical engineering simulation software to investigate the mechanical behavior of diverse biological mechanisms, ranging from biomolecules to human joints. Unlike their man-made counterparts, however, biomechanisms rarely exhibit the simple, uncoupled, pure-axial motion that is engineered into mechanical joints such as sliders, pins, and ball-and-socket joints. Current mechanical modeling software based on internal-coordinate multibody dynamics can formulate engineered joints directly in minimal coordinates, but requires additional coordinates restricted by constraints to model more complex motions. This approach can be inefficient, inaccurate, and difficult for biomechanists to customize. Since complex motion is the rule rather than the exception in biomechanisms, the benefits of minimal coordinate modeling are not fully realized in biomedical research. Here we introduce a practical implementation for empirically-defined internal-coordinate joints, which we call "mobilizers." A mobilizer encapsulates the observations, measurement frame, and modeling requirements into a hinge specification of the permissible-motion manifold for a minimal set of internal coordinates. Mobilizers support nonlinear mappings that are mathematically equivalent to constraint manifolds but have the advantages of fewer coordinates, no constraints, and exact representation of the biomechanical motion-space-the benefits long enjoyed for internal-coordinate models of mechanical joints. Hinge matrices within the mobilizer are easily specified by user-supplied functions, and provide a direct means of mapping permissible motion derived from empirical data. We present computational results showing substantial performance and accuracy gains for mobilizers versus equivalent joints implemented with constraints. Examples of mobilizers for joints from human biomechanics and molecular dynamics are given. All methods and examples were implemented in Simbody™-an open source multibody-dynamics solver available at https://Simtk.org. PMID:21170173

Seth, Ajay; Sherman, Michael; Eastman, Peter; Delp, Scott

2010-10-01

401

Minimal formulation of joint motion for biomechanisms  

PubMed Central

Biomechanical systems share many properties with mechanically engineered systems, and researchers have successfully employed mechanical engineering simulation software to investigate the mechanical behavior of diverse biological mechanisms, ranging from biomolecules to human joints. Unlike their man-made counterparts, however, biomechanisms rarely exhibit the simple, uncoupled, pure-axial motion that is engineered into mechanical joints such as sliders, pins, and ball-and-socket joints. Current mechanical modeling software based on internal-coordinate multibody dynamics can formulate engineered joints directly in minimal coordinates, but requires additional coordinates restricted by constraints to model more complex motions. This approach can be inefficient, inaccurate, and difficult for biomechanists to customize. Since complex motion is the rule rather than the exception in biomechanisms, the benefits of minimal coordinate modeling are not fully realized in biomedical research. Here we introduce a practical implementation for empirically-defined internal-coordinate joints, which we call “mobilizers.” A mobilizer encapsulates the observations, measurement frame, and modeling requirements into a hinge specification of the permissible-motion manifold for a minimal set of internal coordinates. Mobilizers support nonlinear mappings that are mathematically equivalent to constraint manifolds but have the advantages of fewer coordinates, no constraints, and exact representation of the biomechanical motion-space—the benefits long enjoyed for internal-coordinate models of mechanical joints. Hinge matrices within the mobilizer are easily specified by user-supplied functions, and provide a direct means of mapping permissible motion derived from empirical data. We present computational results showing substantial performance and accuracy gains for mobilizers versus equivalent joints implemented with constraints. Examples of mobilizers for joints from human biomechanics and molecular dynamics are given. All methods and examples were implemented in Simbody™—an open source multibody-dynamics solver available at https://Simtk.org.

Seth, Ajay; Sherman, Michael; Eastman, Peter; Delp, Scott

2010-01-01

402

Research, part of a Special Feature on Implementing Participatory Water Management: Recent Advances in Theory, Practice and Evaluation Supporting the Shift from State Water to Community Water: Lessons from a Social Learning Approach to Designing Joint Irrigation Projects in Morocco  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focuses on the evaluation of a participatory approach aimed at supporting groups of small-scale farmers in the design of joint drip irrigation projects. Our idea was to create a sustainable social learning environment in which they could acquire adaptive knowledge about new irrigation technology and about designing and managing a joint irrigation project while at the same time

Marcel Kuper; Mathieu Dionnet; Ali Hammani; Younes Bekkar; Patrice Garin; Bettina Bluemling

403

Book Review: Opening Space Research: Dreams, Technology, and Scientific Discovery  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recognizing the need to raise awareness of the risk of severe space-weather impacts on critical infrastructures, the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre (JRC), in collaboration with the Directorate-General Enterprise and Industry, organized the Space-Weather Awareness Dialogue, a high-level event held in Brussels, Belgium, on 25-26 October 2011. The dialogue sought to highlight the potential effects of extreme space weather on technological infrastructures both in space and on the ground; to identify related scientific, operational, and policy challenges for disaster prevention, preparedness, and response; and to recommend actions that will reduce the vulnerability of critical infrastructures.

Good, Gregory A.

2012-05-01

404

Patient centred care in diabetology: an Islamic perspective from Iran.  

PubMed

Patient-centred system of care is essential in managing many disorders such as diabetes mellitus. The cultural and religious context can influence the involvement of patients and their families in such a care. We intend to discuss patient-centred care in diabetology in view of Islam. For more clarification, we will take into consideration a few illustrative lines of argument in detail about situation in Iran. In conclusion, dynamic spirit of Islamic jurisprudence is reflected in its adaptability to change in medical practice. In recent decades, Iranian religious scholars have provided scientists in new fields of science and research with appropriate directions and guidelines. Decree issued by Iranian religious leaders permitting research on stem cells for therapeutic purposes in many disorders including diabetes mellitus is one example. Understanding of the nature of Islam is importance for communication with patients in Islamic countries. PMID:23663445

Larijani, Bagher; Zahedi, Farzaneh

2013-05-10

405

Patient centred care in diabetology: an Islamic perspective from Iran  

PubMed Central

Patient-centred system of care is essential in managing many disorders such as diabetes mellitus. The cultural and religious context can influence the involvement of patients and their families in such a care. We intend to discuss patient-centred care in diabetology in view of Islam. For more clarification, we will take into consideration a few illustrative lines of argument in detail about situation in Iran. In conclusion, dynamic spirit of Islamic jurisprudence is reflected in its adaptability to change in medical practice. In recent decades, Iranian religious scholars have provided scientists in new fields of science and research with appropriate directions and guidelines. Decree issued by Iranian religious leaders permitting research on stem cells for therapeutic purposes in many disorders including diabetes mellitus is one example. Understanding of the nature of Islam is importance for communication with patients in Islamic countries.

2013-01-01

406

The Irish Centre for Talented Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Conducting potency tests on penicillin, discussing rocket technology with a NASA astronaut, analysing animal bone fragments from medieval times, these are just some of the activities which occupy the time of students at The Irish Centre for Talented Youth. The Centre identifies young students with exceptional academic ability and then provides…

Gilheany, Sheila

2005-01-01

407

INTEGRATED PUBLIC TRANSPORT FACILITIES - MENLYN SHOPPING CENTRE  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of the Menlyn Shopping Centre provided limited accommodation for public transportation and pedestrian access, relative to private vehicle parking. It was therefore necessary to accentuate the issue of public transportation for the centre, in line with the National Land Transport Transition Act, 2000. It is however, an accepted fact that the local authorities initiated this effort in reaction

K PILLAY

408

Student Centred Approaches: Teachers' Learning and Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student centred approaches to teaching and learning in mathematics is one of the reforms currently being advocated and implemented to improve mathematics outcomes for students from low socio-economic status (SES) backgrounds. The models, meanings and practices of student centred approaches explored in this paper reveal that a constructivist model…

Vale, Colleen; Davies, Anne; Weaven, Mary; Hooley, Neil

2010-01-01

409

Simulation of fatigue life of solder ball joints of an ultra-fine-pitch wafer level package  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the relentless trend towards ever increasing number of I\\/Os for IC packages, pitches of flip chip packages are becoming every smaller. With smaller pitches and smaller stand-offs, the fatigue life of solder joints are expected to decrease. It is well known that the corner solder joint which is furthest from the centre of the package (called the critical solder

B. Zhao; A. A. Tay

2003-01-01

410

The role of the sexual assault centre.  

PubMed

Sexual Assault Centres provide multidisciplinary care for men and women who have experienced sexual crime. These centres enable provision of medical, forensic, psychological support and follow-up care, even if patients chose not to report the incident to the police service. Sexual Support Centres need to provide a ring-fenced, forensically clean environment. They need to be appropriately staffed and available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week to allow prompt provision of medical and supportive care and collection of forensic evidence. Sexual Assault Centres work best within the context of a core agreed model of care, which includes defined multi-agency guidelines and care pathways, close links with forensic science and police services, and designated and sustainable funding arrangements. Additionally, Sexual Assault Centres also participate in patient, staff and community education and risk reduction. Furthermore, they contribute to the development, evaluation and implementation of national strategies on domestic, sexual and gender-based violence. PMID:22975433

Eogan, Maeve; McHugh, Anne; Holohan, Mary

2012-09-10

411

A low-cost solution for the restoration of femoral head centre during total hip arthroplasty.  

PubMed

Restoration of joint centre during total hip arthroplasty is critical. While computer-aided navigation can improve accuracy during total hip arthroplasty, its expense makes it inaccessible to the majority of surgeons. This article evaluates the use, in the laboratory, of a calliper with a simple computer application to measure changes in femoral head centres during total hip arthroplasty. The computer application was designed using Microsoft Excel and used calliper measurements taken pre- and post-femoral head resection to predict the change in head centre in terms of offset and vertical height between the femoral head and newly inserted prosthesis. Its accuracy was assessed using a coordinate measuring machine to compare changes in preoperative and post-operative head centre when simulating stem insertion on 10 sawbone femurs. A femoral stem with a modular neck was used, which meant nine possible head centre configurations were available for each femur, giving 90 results. The results show that using this technique during a simulated total hip arthroplasty, it was possible to restore femoral head centre to within 6?mm for offset (mean 1.67?±?1.16?mm) and vertical height (mean 2.14?±?1.51?mm). It is intended that this low-cost technique be extended to inform the surgeon of a best-fit solution in terms of neck length and neck type for a specific prosthesis. PMID:23636755

Hill, Janet C; Salazar-Torres, Jose J; Orr, John F; Archbold, H A Pooler; Beverland, David E

2013-04-04

412

Cocaine Use in Europe – A Multi-Centre Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

An increase in the use of cocaine and crack in several parts of Europe has raised the question whether this trend is similar to that of the USA in the 1980s. However, research in the field of cocaine use in Europe has been only sporadic. Therefore, a European multi-centre and multi-modal project was designed to study specific aspects of cocaine

Christian Haasen; Michael Prinzleve; Heike Zurhold; Juergen Rehm; Franziska Güttinger; Gabriele Fischer; Reinhold Jagsch; Börje Olsson; Mats Ekendahl; Annette Verster; Antonella Camposeragna; Anne-Marie Pezous; Michael Gossop; Victoria Manning; Gemma Cox; Niamh Ryder; Jozsef Gerevich; Erika Bacskai; Miguel Casas; Josep Lluis Matali; Michael Krausz

2004-01-01

413

ASCO/FDA JOINT  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

Text VersionPage 1. ASCO/FDA JOINT LUNG CANCER PANEL 2002-2003 Paul Bunn, MD (NCE-Chair) University of Colorado Cancer Center Denver, CO ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess

414

Joint Agency Turbulence Experiment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Doppler radar data acquired during the 1981 Joint Agency Turbulence Experiment are presented. Pulse-pair processed reflectivity factor and Doppler spectrum mean data collected during volume scan periods are displayed over constant height surfaces at aircr...

A. R. Bohne

1983-01-01

415

Joint fluid Gram stain  

MedlinePLUS

... and shape of the cells help identify the bacteria. ... Abnormal results mean bacteria were seen on the Gram stain. This may be a sign of a joint infection, for example, gonococcal arthritis or arthritis due to Staphylococcus aureus.

416

Joint aspiration and injection.  

PubMed

Joint aspiration/injection is an invaluable procedure for the diagnosis and treatment of joint disease. The knee is the commonest site to require aspiration although any non-axial joint is accessible for obtaining synovial fluid. Septic arthritis and crystal arthritis can be readily diagnosed by aspirating synovial fluid. Intra-articular injection of long-acting insoluble corticosteroids produces rapid resolution of inflammation in most injected joints and is a well established procedure in rheumatological practice. The technique involves only a knowledge of basic anatomy and should not be unduly painful for the patient. Provided sterile equipment and a sensible, aseptic approach are used it is a safe procedure. This chapter addresses the indications, technical principals, expected benefits and risks of intra-articular corticosteroid injection. The use of other intra-articular injections including osmic acid, radioisotopes and hyaluronic acid, which are less universally utilised than intra-articular corticosteroid, will also be addressed. PMID:15939363

Courtney, Philip; Doherty, Michael

2005-06-01

417

Joint Healthcare Manpower Standards.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the Standard is to ensure that the peacetime staffing requirements of the Military Health Services System (MHSS) provide quality medical care in a productive environment. The Joint Healthcare Manpower Standards (JHMS) provide the Department...

V. Melidosian

1989-01-01

418

A Compendium of Structural Joints for Assembly, Field and Flight Separation on Missiles.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report is a Class II Research document which contains information to assist the preliminary and conceptual design engineer in selecting and designing a variety of missile joints, including: (1) Payload Stage Assembly and Separation Joints; (2) Booste...

R. V. Gambrell

1968-01-01

419

A Compendium of Structural Joints for Assembly, Field and Flight Separation on Missiles.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report is a Class 2 Research document which contains information to assist the preliminary and conceptual design engineer in selecting a variety of missile joints, including: Payload Stage Assembly and Separation Joints; Booster Stage Assembly and Se...

R. V. Gambrell

1968-01-01

420

Prosthetic Joint Infections  

PubMed Central

Prosthetic joint infections represent a major therapeutic challenge for both healthcare providers and patients. This paper reviews the predisposing factors, pathogenesis, microbiology, diagnosis, treatment and prophylaxis of prosthetic joint infection. The most optimal management strategy should be identified based on a number of considerations including type and duration of infection, antimicrobial susceptibility of the infecting pathogen, condition of infected tissues and bone stock, patient wishes and functional status.

Aslam, Saima; Darouiche, Rabih O.

2012-01-01

421

Joint remote state preparation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Alice, Bob and Charlie are three remote parties. Alice and Bob share the classical knowledge of a secret qubit state. We consider the following question: 'how can Alice and Bob jointly prepare the qubit state for Charlie?' Two different protocols are proposed for such a joint remote state preparation. The first protocol uses a single GHZ state while the second one uses a pair of EPR states as the quantum channel whose entanglement is not necessarily maximal.

Nguyen, Ba An; Kim, Jaewan

2008-05-01

422

High pressure ceramic joint  

DOEpatents

Many recuperators have components which react to corrosive gases and are used in applications where the donor fluid includes highly corrosive gases. These recuperators have suffered reduced life, increased service or maintenance, and resulted in increased cost. The present joint when used with recuperators increases the use of ceramic components which do not react to highly corrosive gases. Thus, the present joint used with the present recuperator increases the life, reduces the service and maintenance, and reduces the increased cost associated with corrosive action of components used to manufacture recuperators. The present joint is comprised of a first ceramic member, a second ceramic member, a mechanical locking device having a groove defined in one of the first ceramic member and the second ceramic member. The joint and the mechanical locking device is further comprised of a refractory material disposed in the groove and contacting the first ceramic member and the second ceramic member. The present joint mechanically provides a high strength load bearing joint having good thermal cycling characteristics, good resistance to a corrosive environment and good steady state strength at elevated temperatures.

Ward, Michael E. (Poway, CA); Harkins, Bruce D. (San Diego, CA)

1993-01-01

423

Fatigue behaviour of multiplanar tubular joints  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Circular hollow sections are frequently used in structures subjected to fatigue loading such as bridges, offshore structures and cranes. These sections are generally connected by direct welding of the sections to each other. For the design of these welded connections, information is required on the fatigue behavior. Especially for multiplanar connections, insufficient data is available regarding stress concentration factors (SCF's) which affect the fatigue life. Also, there is no standard for determining the fatigue strength of welded tubular joints. This has led to a divergence in the methods being used both experimentally as well as numerically. This publication presents the results of experimental and numerical research on the fatigue strength of welded tubular joints. The research projects aim to provide guidelines and design recommendations on the fatigue strength of welded tubular joints, to be proposed for inclusion in international codes of practice such as Eurocode 3.

Romeijn, A.

424

Odin observations of H2O in the Galactic Centre  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Odin satellite has been used to detect emission and absorption in the 557-GHz H216O line in the Galactic Centre towards the Sgr Astar Circumnuclear Disk (CND), and the Sgr A +20 km s-1 and +50 km s-1 molecular clouds. Strong broad H2O emission lines have been detected in all three objects. Narrow H2O absorption lines are present at all three positions and originate along the lines of sight in the 3-kpc Spiral Arm, the -30 km s-1 Spiral Arm and the Local Sgr Spiral Arm. Broad H2O absorption lines near -130 km s-1 are also observed, originating in the Expanding Molecular Ring. A new molecular feature (the ``High Positive Velocity Gas'' - HPVG) has been identified in the positive velocity range of ~+120 to +220 km s-1, seen definitely in absorption against the stronger dust continuum emission from the +20 km s-1 and +50 km s-1 clouds and possibly in emission towards the position of Sgr Astar CND. The 548-GHz H218O isotope line towards the CND is not detected at the 0.02 K (rms) level. Based on observations with Odin, a Swedish-led satellite project funded jointly by the Swedish National Space Board (SNSB), the Canadian Space Agency (CSA), the National Technology Agency of Finland (Tekes) and Centre National d'Études Spatiales (CNES). The Swedish Space Corporation was the industrial prime contractor and is also responsible for the satellite operation.

Sandqvist, Aa.; Bergman, P.; Black, J. H.; Booth, R.; Buat, V.; Curry, C. L.; Encrenaz, P.; Falgarone, E.; Feldman, P.; Fich, M.; Floren, H. G.; Frisk, U.; Gerin, M.; Gregersen, E. M.; Harju, J.; Hasegawa, T.; Hjalmarson, Å.; Johansson, L. E. B.; Kwok, S.; Larsson, B.; Lecacheux, A.; Liljeström, T.; Lindqvist, M.; Liseau, R.; Mattila, K.; Mitchell, G. F.; Nordh, L.; Olberg, M.; Olofsson, A. O. H.; Olofsson, G.; Pagani, L.; Plume, R.; Ristorcelli, I.; Schéele, F. v.; Serra, G.; Tothill, N. F. H.; Volk, K.; Wilson, C. D.; Winnberg, A.

2003-05-01

425

Validity of summing painful joint sites to assess joint-pain comorbidity in hip or knee osteoarthritis  

PubMed Central

Background Previous studies in patients with hip and knee osteoarthritis (OA) have advocated the relevance of assessing the number of painful joint sites, other than the primary affected joint, in both research and clinical practice. However, it is unclear whether joint-pain comorbidities can simply be summed up. Methods A total of 401 patients with hip or knee OA completed questionnaires on demographic variables and joint-pain comorbidities. Rasch analysis was performed to evaluate whether a sum score of joint-pain comorbidities can be calculated. Results Self-reported joint-pain comorbidities showed a good fit to the Rasch model and were not biased by gender, age, disease duration, BMI, or patient group. As a group, joint-pain comorbidities covered a reasonable range of severity levels, although the sum score had rather low reliability levels suggesting it cannot discriminate well among patients. Conclusions Joint-pain comorbidities, in other than the primary affected joints, can be summed into a joint pain comorbidity score. Nevertheless, its use is discouraged for individual decision making purposes since its lacks discriminative power in patients with minimal or extreme joint pain.

2013-01-01

426

Walk-in centres in primary care: a review of the international literature.  

PubMed Central

Nurse-led walk-in centres were first announced in April 1999. They represent a new development in unscheduled care provision in the United Kingdom (UK) National Health Service (NHS). By the end of 2000, 40 NHS walk-in centres had been opened, with further centres recently announced. This paper aims to review international experience with walk-in centres in primary and emergency care and identify relevant lessons for the UK. This study is a systematic review, with qualitative synthesis of relevant findings. Studies were identified from seven major bibliographic databases using a sensitive search strategy, and 244 relevant documents relating to walk-in or 'ambulatory care' centres were identified. Users of walk-in centres in other countries tend to be a relatively affluent population of working age, and a different population from those using conventional general practice services. Walk-in centres are used particularly when other health services are closed. The problems presented are mainly minor illnesses and minor injuries. People choose this form of care mainly for reasons of convenience, and satisfaction with the service is generally high. The very limited evidence available suggests that walk-in centres provide care of reasonable quality, but there is insufficient evidence to draw firm conclusions about the impact of walk-in centres on other healthcare services or the costs of such care. Although a number of countries have had a long experience of walk-in centres, the lack of reliable evidence on many of the most important issues is notable. In the NHS, walk-in centres represent a radically innovative attempt to improve access to health care, but the limited research available does little to inform their development. Important questions that need to be addressed include whether walk-in centres do improve access to care, for whom, and at what overall cost.

Salisbury, Chris; Munro, James

2003-01-01

427

Walk-in centres in primary care: a review of the international literature.  

PubMed

Nurse-led walk-in centres were first announced in April 1999. They represent a new development in unscheduled care provision in the United Kingdom (UK) National Health Service (NHS). By the end of 2000, 40 NHS walk-in centres had been opened, with further centres recently announced. This paper aims to review international experience with walk-in centres in primary and emergency care and identify relevant lessons for the UK. This study is a systematic review, with qualitative synthesis of relevant findings. Studies were identified from seven major bibliographic databases using a sensitive search strategy, and 244 relevant documents relating to walk-in or 'ambulatory care' centres were identified. Users of walk-in centres in other countries tend to be a relatively affluent population of working age, and a different population from those using conventional general practice services. Walk-in centres are used particularly when other health services are closed. The problems presented are mainly minor illnesses and minor injuries. People choose this form of care mainly for reasons of convenience, and satisfaction with the service is generally high. The very limited evidence available suggests that walk-in centres provide care of reasonable quality, but there is insufficient evidence to draw firm conclusions about the impact of walk-in centres on other healthcare services or the costs of such care. Although a number of countries have had a long experience of walk-in centres, the lack of reliable evidence on many of the most important issues is notable. In the NHS, walk-in centres represent a radically innovative attempt to improve access to health care, but the limited research available does little to inform their development. Important questions that need to be addressed include whether walk-in centres do improve access to care, for whom, and at what overall cost. PMID:12564280

Salisbury, Chris; Munro, James

2003-01-01

428

A safe joint with a joint torque sensor  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, a safe joint with a joint torque sensor is presented. The safe joint, named “Spring-Clutch”, is a simple passive mechanism that consists of a spring, a cam, and a joint torque sensor. When the torque applied is less than a pre-set threshold, the Spring-Clutch acts as a rigid joint between the input and output. However, if the

Dong-Eun Choi; Gi-Hun Yang; Junho Choi; Woosub Lee; Changhyun Cho; Sungchul Kang

2011-01-01

429

New plastic joints for plastic orthoses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Plastic joints for orthoses have more advantages than metal joints. They are lightweight, noiseless comfortable to use, rust proof, corrosion free, and radiolucent. Two types of plastic joints were developed by the authors, one for the ankle joint and the other for the knee joint, elbow joint or hip joint. Polypropylene was chosen as the joint material because of its

H. WATANABE; T. KUTSUNA; H. MORINAGA; T. OKABE

430

INDICATIONS FOR SACROILIAC JOINT FUSION  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sacroiliac joint fusion remains a useful piece of the surgical armamentarium. Newer percutaneous techniques for fusion supplement the older established procedures. The sacroiliac joint functions in the transmission of forces from the spine to the lower extremities and vice versa. It is a diarthrodial synovial joint that connects the sacrum to the ilium. The sacroiliac joint is unusual in that

Christopher A. Iobst; John A. Glaser

431

Joint impingement syndrome: clinical features  

Microsoft Academic Search

Joint impingement is a painful syndrome caused by the friction of joint tissues, which is both the cause and the effect of altered joint biomechanics. From the anatomical and clinical viewpoints, these syndromes are classified as bone impingement, soft tissue impingement and entrapment neuropathy, depending on what joint portion impinges on the others. We considered the most important impingement syndromes

Andrea Billi; Alessia Catalucci; Antonio Barile; Carlo Masciocchi

1998-01-01

432

A SDMS Model: Early Warning Coordination Centres  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Following the tsunami disaster in 2004, the General Secretary of the United Nations (UN) Kofi Annan called for a global early warning system for all hazards and for all communities. He also requested the ISDR (International Strategy fort Disaster Reduction) and its UN partners to conduct a global survey of capacities, gaps and opportunities in relation to early warning systems. The produced report, "Global survey of Early Warning Systems", concluded that there are many gaps and shortcomings and that much progress has been made on early warning systems and great capabilities are available around the world. However, it may be argued that an early warning system (EWS) may not be enough to prevent fatalities due to a natural hazard; i.e., it should be seen as part of a ‘wider' or total system. Furthermore, an EWS may work very well when assessed individually but it is not clear whether it will contribute to accomplish the purpose of the ‘total disaster management system'; i.e., to prevent fatalities. For instance, a regional EWS may only work if it is well co-ordinated with the local warning and emergency response systems that ensure that the warning is received, communicated and acted upon by the potentially affected communities. It may be argued that without these local measures being in place, a regional EWS will have little impact in saving lives. Researchers argued that unless people are warned in remote areas, the technology is useless; for instance McGuire [5] argues that: "I have no doubt that the technical element of the warning system will work very well,"…"But there has to be an effective and efficient communications cascade from the warning centre to the fisherman on the beach and his family and the bar owners." Similarly, McFadden [6] states that: "There's no point in spending all the money on a fancy monitoring and a fancy analysis system unless we can make sure the infrastructure for the broadcast system is there,"… "That's going to require a lot of work. If it's a tsunami, you've got to get it down to the last Joe on the beach. This is the stuff that is really very hard." Given the above, the paper argues that there is a need for a systemic approach to early warning centres. Systemic means looking upon things as a system; systemic means seeing pattern and inter-relationship within a complex whole; i.e., to see events as products of the working of a system. System may be defined as a whole which is made of parts and relationships. Given this, ‘failure' may be seen as the product of a system and, within that, see death/injury/property loss etc. as results of the working of systems. This paper proposes a preliminary model of ‘early warning coordination centres' (EWCC); it should be highlighted that an EWCC is a subsystem of the Systemic Disaster Management System (SDMS) model.

Santos-Reyes, Jaime

2010-05-01

433

The politics of patient-centred care.  

PubMed

BACKGROUND: Despite widespread belief in the importance of patient-centred care, it remains difficult to create a system in which all groups work together for the good of the patient. Part of the problem may be that the issue of patient-centred care itself can be used to prosecute intergroup conflict. OBJECTIVE: This qualitative study of texts examined the presence and nature of intergroup language within the discourse on patient-centred care. METHODS: A systematic SCOPUS and Google search identified 85 peer-reviewed and grey literature reports that engaged with the concept of patient-centred care. Discourse analysis, informed by the social identity approach, examined how writers defined and portrayed various groups. RESULTS: Managers, physicians and nurses all used the discourse of patient-centred care to imply that their own group was patient centred while other group(s) were not. Patient organizations tended to downplay or even deny the role of managers and providers in promoting patient centredness, and some used the concept to advocate for controversial health policies. Intergroup themes were even more obvious in the rhetoric of political groups across the ideological spectrum. In contrast to accounts that juxtaposed in-groups and out-groups, those from reportedly patient-centred organizations defined a 'mosaic' in-group that encompassed managers, providers and patients. CONCLUSION: The seemingly benign concept of patient-centred care can easily become a weapon on an intergroup battlefield. Understanding this dimension may help organizations resolve the intergroup tensions that prevent collective achievement of a patient-centred system. PMID:23701178

Kreindler, Sara A

2013-05-22

434

Joint Custody: Current Issues and Implications for Treatment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes what joint physical custody involves, the kinds of families who currently have this type of custody arrangement, and the effects on parents and children. Current research supporting two perspectives on joint custody, one emphasizing the continuity of psychological care from one parent, the other emphasizing the importance of the father's…

Richards, Carol A.; Goldenberg, Irene

1985-01-01

435

DISTAL RADIOULNAR JOINT BIOMECHANICS AND FOREARM MUSCLE ACTIVITY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Optimal management of fractures, post-traumatic arthritis and instability of the distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) requires an understanding of the forces existing across this joint as a function of the activities of daily living. However, such knowledge is currently incomplete. The goal of this research was to quantify the loads that occur at the DRUJ during forearm rotation and to determine

Joseph Scott Bader

2011-01-01

436

Does urban form matter in solo and joint activity engagement?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research examines how the residential built environment relates to residents’ solo versus joint engagement in shopping, dining, and recreational\\/fitness activities. Using data from the 2006 Greater Triangle Travel Survey in North Carolina, individual activity engagement is innovatively measured using two indicators: total time spent alone and total time jointly spent with household members on a specific non-work activity type.

Yingling Fan; Asad J. Khattak

2009-01-01

437

Fatigue classification of welded joints in orthotropic steel bridge decks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This dissertation presents the research into fatigue classifications of welded joints in orthotropic steel bridge decks. These classifications are needed to calculate the fatigue life of these joints and should be included in the design codes. For years bridge design was mainly based on static loading. Due to the development of modern light weight steel structures and extremely increasing traffic

M. H. Kolstein

2007-01-01

438

Thermal Fatigue Life Prediction Of Solder Joints Using Stress Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The fatigue life prediction of solder joints has become one of the most important research areas in the development of reliable electronic components. In this study. elastic-creep stress analysis proposed in previous papers was carried out for the solder joints of a recently developed LSI package (ball grid array package). The results of fatigue life estimation agreed well with those

M. Mukai; T. Kawakami

1997-01-01

439

Failure Load Prediction of Mechanically Fastened Composite Joints  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the wide application of fiber-reinforced composite material in aero-structures and mechanical parts, the design of composite joints has become a very important research area because they are often the weakest regions in composite structures. In this paper, a failure area index method is proposed to predict failure loads of mechanically fastened composite joints under plane stress condition with the

Jin-Ho Choi; Young-Jun Chun

2003-01-01

440

A rotary joint sensor using ionic polymer metallic composite  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ionic Polymer Metallic Composite (IPMC) is a smart material that can be used to make sensors for various applications. This paper investigates the use of IPMC for sensing the motion of a rotary joint. In this research, the relationship between the motion of a rotary joint and the IPMC sensor's voltage output was investigated and modeled. The relationships defining the

A. van den Hurk; X. J. Chew; K. C. Aw; S. Q. Xie

2009-01-01

441

Joint research for tomorrow's security and defence  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The global security environment in the near future will feature accelerating, and possibly momentous, changes in the international system. The large-scale trends in this scenario are - the increasing globalization (with both beneficial and disruptive side effects); - the quickening pace of technological innovation; - the accelerating proliferation of mass destruction technologies; - the growing capacities of non-state actors relative to nation-states; - the persistence of corrosive regional, ethnic, and religious conflicts and - the increasing resource scarcity and environment degradation. Thus, the strategic global security environment with its impact on our security of the future will be characterized by continued and possibly increased instability and the potential for catalytic events.

Krug, Rainer

2009-09-01

442

Canadian Network and Centre for Trials Internationally (CANNeCTIN): a national network for Canadian-led trials in cardiovascular diseases and diabetes mellitus.  

PubMed

The Canadian Network and Centre for Trials INternationally (CANNeCTIN) was jointly funded by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research and the Canadian Foundation for Innovation in April 2008 to provide infrastructure for clinical studies of cardiovascular diseases and diabetes mellitus. Its functional components include a national coordinating centre at the Population Health Research Institute (PHRI) in Hamilton (Ontario), a collaborative Canadian network and an affiliated international network of hospitals and clinics. The rationales for CANNeCTIN include the global health burden of cardiovascular diseases and diabetes, the strengths of randomized controlled trials - particularly large, multicentre and international - and the track record of success of the PHRI. CANNeCTIN will provide investigators from across Canada with opportunities to become the principal investigators of national and international trials coordinated by the PHRI. CANNeCTIN will support priority pilot studies, and successful investigators will be encouraged and assisted to apply for peer review and industrial funding for full studies to be conducted within the network and coordinated by the PHRI. An extensive education program offers hands-on experience in organizing and leading large national?international clinical trials led by accomplished researchers, distance learning courses in clinical research methodology, biostatistics and study coordination, and 'cutting-edge' workshops. A knowledge translation program seeks opportunities arising from clinical trials and encourages research into this paradigm for understanding how best to close the gaps between knowledge and effective practice. The five-year goals are to enhance the capacity of Canadian investigators to lead major clinical studies, facilitate knowledge translation and exchange, and augment Canada's capacity to train the next generation of leaders in cardiovascular and diabetes clinical research. PMID:20847960

Cairns, John A; Yusuf, Salim; Cook, Richard J; Cox, Jafna; Dagenais, Gilles R; Devereaux, P J; McAlister, Finlay A; McCready, Tara

443

CANadian Network and Centre for Trials INternationally (CANNeCTIN): A national network for Canadian-led trials in cardiovascular diseases and diabetes mellitus  

PubMed Central

The CANadian Network and Centre for Trials INternationally (CANNeCTIN) was jointly funded by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research and the Canadian Foundation for Innovation in April 2008 to provide infrastructure for clinical studies of cardiovascular diseases and diabetes mellitus. Its functional components include a national coordinating centre at the Population Health Research Institute (PHRI) in Hamilton (Ontario), a collaborative Canadian network and an affiliated international network of hospitals and clinics. The rationales for CANNeCTIN include the global health burden of cardiovascular diseases and diabetes, the strengths of randomized controlled trials – particularly large, multicentre and international – and the track record of success of the PHRI. CANNeCTIN will provide investigators from across Canada with opportunities to become the principal investigators of national and international trials coordinated by the PHRI. CANNeCTIN will support priority pilot studies, and successful investigators will be encouraged and assisted to apply for peer review and industrial funding for full studies to be conducted within the network and coordinated by the PHRI. An extensive education program offers hands-on experience in organizing and leading large national/international clinical trials led by accomplished researchers, distance learning courses in clinical research methodology, biostatistics and study coordination, and ‘cutting-edge’ workshops. A knowledge translation program seeks opportunities arising from clinical trials and encourages research into this paradigm for understanding how best to close the gaps between knowledge and effective practice. The five-year goals are to enhance the capacity of Canadian investigators to lead major clinical studies, facilitate knowledge translation and exchange, and augment Canada’s capacity to train the next generation of leaders in cardiovascular and diabetes clinical research.

Cairns, John A; Yusuf, Salim; Cook, Richard J; Cox, Jafna; Dagenais, Gilles R; Devereaux, PJ; McAlister, Finlay A; McCready, Tara

2010-01-01

444

Lower limb joint kinetics and ankle joint stiffness in the sprint start push-off.  

PubMed

Sprint push-off technique is fundamental to sprint performance and joint stiffness has been identified as a performance-related variable during dynamic movements. However, joint stiffness for the push-off and its relationship with performance (times and velocities) has not been reported. The aim of this study was to quantify and explain lower limb net joint moments and mechanical powers, and ankle stiffness during the first stance phase of the push-off. One elite sprinter performed 10 maximal sprint starts. An automatic motion analysis system (CODA, 200 Hz) with synchronized force plates (Kistler, 1000 Hz) collected kinematic profiles at the hip, knee, and ankle and ground reaction forces, providing input for inverse dynamics analyses. The lower-limb joints predominately extended and revealed a proximal-to-distal sequential pattern of maximal extensor angular velocity and positive power production. Pearson correlations revealed relationships (P < 0.05) between ankle stiffness (5.93 ± 0.75 N x m x deg(-1)) and selected performance variables. Relationships between negative power phase ankle stiffness and horizontal (r = -0.79) and vertical (r = 0.74) centre of mass velocities were opposite in direction to the positive power phase ankle stiffness (horizontal: r = 0.85; vertical: r = -0.54). Thus ankle stiffness may affect the goals of the sprint push-off in different ways, depending on the phase of stance considered. PMID:22098532

Charalambous, Laura; Irwin, Gareth; Bezodis, Ian N; Kerwin, David

2011-11-18

445

Kyodo jisshi katsudo workshop ni kansuru jizen chosa. Chugoku ni okeru kyodo jisshi katsudo no genjo. (Preliminary research on the activities implemented jointly (AIJ) workshop. Present AIJ in China).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In order to positively promote the activities implemented jointly (AIJ) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, the AIJ workshop acting in contact with Asia/Pacific countries, in particular, Chine having large effect on global enviro...

1996-01-01

446

Distal radioulnar joint injuries.  

PubMed

Distal radioulnar joint is a trochoid joint relatively new in evolution. Along with proximal radioulnar joint, forearm bones and interosseous membrane, it allows pronosupination and load transmission across the wrist. Injuries around distal radioulnar joint are not uncommon, and are usually associated with distal radius fractures,fractures of the ulnar styloid and with the eponymous Galeazzi or Essex_Lopresti fractures. The injury can be purely involving the soft tissue especially the triangular fibrocartilage or the radioulnar ligaments. The patients usually present with ulnar sided wrist pain, features of instability, or restriction of rotation. Difficulty in carrying loads in the hand is a major constraint for these patients. Thorough clinical examination to localize point of tenderness and appropriate provocative tests help in diagnosis. Radiology and MRI are extremely useful, while arthroscopy is the gold standard for evaluation. The treatment protocols are continuously evolving and range from conservative, arthroscopic to open surgical methods. Isolated dislocation are uncommon. Basal fractures of the ulnar styloid tend to make the joint unstable and may require operative intervention. Chronic instability requires reconstruction of the stabilizing ligaments to avoid onset of arthritis. Prosthetic replacement in arthritis is gaining acceptance in the management of arthritis. PMID:23162140

Thomas, Binu P; Sreekanth, Raveendran

2012-09-01

447

Distal radioulnar joint injuries  

PubMed Central

Distal radioulnar joint is a trochoid joint relatively new in evolution. Along with proximal radioulnar joint, forearm bones and interosseous membrane, it allows pronosupination and load transmission across the wrist. Injuries around distal radioulnar joint are not uncommon, and are usually associated with distal radius fractures,fractures of the ulnar styloid and with the eponymous Galeazzi or Essex_Lopresti fractures. The injury can be purely involving the soft tissue especially the triangular fibrocartilage or the radioulnar ligaments. The patients usually present with ulnar sided wrist pain, features of instability, or restriction of rotation. Difficulty in carrying loads in the hand is a major constraint for these patients. Thorough clinical examination to localize point of tenderness and appropriate provocative tests help in diagnosis. Radiology and MRI are extremely useful, while arthroscopy is the gold standard for evaluation. The treatment protocols are continuously evolving and range from conservative, arthroscopic to open surgical methods. Isolated dislocation are uncommon. Basal fractures of the ulnar styloid tend to make the joint unstable and may require operative intervention. Chronic instability requires reconstruction of the stabilizing ligaments to avoid onset of arthritis. Prosthetic replacement in arthritis is gaining acceptance in the management of arthritis.

Thomas, Binu P; Sreekanth, Raveendran

2012-01-01

448

Periprosthetic Joint Infections  

PubMed Central

Implantation of joint prostheses is becoming increasingly common, especially for the hip and knee. Infection is considered to be the most devastating of prosthesis-related complications, leading to prolonged hospitalization, repeated surgical intervention, and even definitive loss of the implant. The main risk factors to periprosthetic joint infections (PJIs) are advanced age, malnutrition, obesity, diabetes mellitus, HIV infection at an advanced stage, presence of distant infectious foci, and antecedents of arthroscopy or infection in previous arthroplasty. Joint prostheses can become infected through three different routes: direct implantation, hematogenic infection, and reactivation of latent infection. Gram-positive bacteria predominate in cases of PJI, mainly Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis. PJIs present characteristic signs that can be divided into acute and chronic manifestations. The main imaging method used in diagnosing joint prosthesis infections is X-ray. Computed tomography (CT) scan may assist in distinguishing between septic and aseptic loosening. Three-phase bone scintigraphy using technetium has high sensitivity, but low specificity. Positron emission tomography using fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG-PET) presents very divergent results in the literature. Definitive diagnosis of infection should be made by isolating the microorganism through cultures on material obtained from joint fluid puncturing, surgical wound secretions, surgical debridement procedures, or sonication fluid. Success in treating PJI depends on extensive surgical debridement and adequate and effective antibiotic therapy. Treatment in two stages using a spacer is recommended for most chronic infections in arthroplasty cases. Treatment in a single procedure is appropriate in carefully selected cases.

Lima, Ana Lucia L.; Oliveira, Priscila R.; Carvalho, Vladimir C.; Saconi, Eduardo S.; Cabrita, Henrique B.; Rodrigues, Marcelo B.

2013-01-01

449

[Prevalence of disability among leprosy patients and effectiveness of leprosy reaction services with standard prednisolone treatment at field level in an endemic country--some data from joint leprosy research collaboration in Myanmar].  

PubMed

Prevalence of disability among leprosy patients and effectiveness of standard predonisolone treatment for leprosy reaction at field level in some place of Myanmar are shown in this paper as results of joint leprosy research collaboration. WHO disability grading was measured for all newly registered leprosy patients through 2007 in 5 selected townships of Ayeyarwaddy Division, with the results of G0 = 66.3%, GI = 18.9%, GII = 14.7% (N = 95). The cross-sectional disability survey at selected 9 townships in Mandalay, Sagaing and Magway Division for all registered patients who had completed WHO/MDT done by JICA project in 2003/4 showed G0 = 62.5%, GI = 2.4%, GII = 35.1% (N = 10,528). From these two data, it is supposed that considerable number of patients with G1 at registered time developed worsening of disability from G1 to G2. Proportion of G0 also reduced a little bit in patients who completed WHO/MDT. Early detection and proper treatment of leprosy reaction are one of the main issues of prevention of disability. Effectiveness of leprosy reaction services were evaluated at Mandalay Special Skin Clinic, where WHO fixed regimen of prednisolone were given as routine service. 100 cases were evaluated who developed leprosy reactions from 1st December 2007 to 31st December 2008 and identified severe reaction who needed oral prednisolone treatment. Evaluation criteria of "effective" was defined as "no more signs and symptoms of reactions were present after treatment. And "less effective" was defined as "more than one of signs and symptoms were still remained after treatment". Over all "effective" was 36 (36%) and "less effective" was 64 (64%). It was also found that rates of improvement of nerve functions, either in sensory or in motor, were little after the standard treatment. PMID:19803379

Ishida, Yutaka

2009-09-01

450

Irevna maintained its leadership in the high-end financial research and analytics outsourcing business. Despite the turmoil in the global financial sector, Irevna increased key accounts, acquired several new strategic clients, expanded service offerings and client segments, added clients in new verticals, and widened its business development footprint. Its international delivery centre in Buenos Aires performed well in the year, and its new delivery centre in Wroclaw has begun providing services to clients  

Microsoft Academic Search

CRISIL Research launched independent equity research services, a pioneering move in India, to provide investors with top-quality, independent research on listed Indian companies. CRISIL Research also published reports on the real estate, infrastructure, and logistics industries, and on the capital expenditure plans of Indian companies, and graded many initial public offerings. CRISIL Fund Services received a prestigious mandate to assist

Roopa Kudva

451

Centre-of-mass state vectors  

Microsoft Academic Search

The properties of centre-of-mass systems at high energies are discussed, and the single time form of field theory is used to set up state vectors that describe the simpler centre-of-mass states of fields. These states, which are labelled by the eigenvalues of total angular momentum, are expanded in terms of the spherical harmoinc resolution of the fields about a fixed

1956-01-01

452

[Knee joint cyst].  

PubMed

Ninety cases of knee joint cysts were treated surgically. This included 50 patients with rheumatoid arthritis, 22 patients with degenerative-deforming changes, ten children with true cysts, and eight ones with post-traumatic cysts. Double-contrast X-ray examination with Lipiodol Ultra-fluid and air is of the best diagnostic value. All cases of knee joint cysts were treated surgically with a careful plastic closure of cyst gate. For this purpose the authors used the arcus tendon of the semi-membranous muscle. In cases of rheumatoid arthritis and degenerative changes cyst removal was preceded by synovectomy of the knee joint. Early and remote were good, no recurrence was observed. PMID:1299044

Noczy?ski, L; Benarz, W; Wojczys, R

1992-11-01

453

Criteria for EASO-collaborating centres for obesity management.  

PubMed

Obesity is recognised as a global epidemic and the most prevalent metabolic disease world-wide. Specialised obesity services, however, are not widely available in Europe, and obesity care can vary enormously across European regions. The European Association for the Study of Obesity (EASO, www.easo.org) has developed these criteria to form a pan-European network of accredited EASO-Collaborating Centres for Obesity Management (EASO-COMs) in accordance with accepted European and academic guidelines. This network will include university, public and private clinics and will ensure that the obese and overweight patient is managed by a holistic team of specialists and receives comprehensive state-ofthe-art clinical care. Furthermore, the participating centres, under the umbrella of EASO, will work closely for quality control, data collection, and analysis as well as for education and research for the advancement of obesity care and obesity science. PMID:21921658

Tsigos, Constantine; Hainer, Vojtech; Basdevant, Arnaud; Finer, Nick; Mathus-Vliegen, Elisabeth; Micic, Dragan; Maislos, Maximo; Roman, Gabriela; Schutz, Yves; Toplak, Hermann; Yumuk, Volkan; Zahorska-Markiewicz, Barbara

2011-08-11

454

Recurrent Dislocation of the Shoulder Joint  

Microsoft Academic Search

  \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Dr. Anthony F. DePalma is shown. Photograph provided with kind permission of the Art Committee of Thomas Jefferson University,\\u000a Philadelphia, PA.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Dr. DePalma was the first editor of Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, established by the recently formed Association\\u000a of Bone and Joint Surgeons. The idea of forming the Association of Bone and Joint surgeons had been conceived by

Richard A. Brand

2008-01-01

455

Regional centres for space science and technology education affiliated to the United Nations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Capacity-building efforts in space science and technology are a major focus of the activities of the Office of Outer Space Affairs. Such efforts include providing support to the regional centres for space science and technology education, affiliated to the United Nations, whose goal is to develop, through in-depth education, an indigenous capability for research and applications in the core disciplines of: (a) remote sensing and geographical information systems; (b) satellite communications; (c) satellite meteorology and global climate; and (d) space and atmospheric sciences and data management. The regional centres are located in Morocco and Nigeria for Africa, in Brazil and Mexico for Latin America and the Caribbean and in India for Asia and the Pacific. The overall policy-making body of each Centre is its Governing Board and consists of member States (within the region where the Centre is located), that have agreed, through their endorsement of the Centre's agreement, to the goals and objectives of the Centre. The United Nations Programme on Space Applications, with the support of prominent educators, has developed standard education curricula, which were adopted by the Centres for teaching each of the four core disciplines. Within the framework of the International Committee on global navigation satellite systems (ICG), which is established as an informal body for the purpose of promoting the use and application of global navigation satellite systems (GNSS) on a global basis, the Regional Centres will also be acting as the ICG Information Centres. The ICG Information Centres aim to foster a more structured approach to information exchange in order to fulfil the reciprocal expectations of a network between ICG and Regional Centres.

Gadimova, Sharafat

456

Joint polar satellite system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Joint Polar Satellite System (JPSS) is a joint NOAA/NASA mission comprised of a series of polar orbiting weather and climate monitoring satellites which will fly in a sun-synchronous orbit, with a 1330 equatorial crossing time. JPSS resulted from the decision to reconstitute the National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System (NPOESS) into two separate programs, one to be run by the Department of Defense (DOD) and the other by NOAA. This decision was reached in early 2010, after numerous development issues caused a series of unacceptable delays in launching the NPOESS system.

Trenkle, Timothy; Driggers, Phillip

2011-10-01

457

DISMANTLING OF THE FUEL CELL LABORATORY AT RESEARCH CENTRE JUELICH  

SciTech Connect

The fuel cell laboratory was constructed in three phases and taken into operation in the years 1962 to 1966. The last experimental work was carried out in 1996. After all cell internals had been disassembled, the fuel cell laboratory was transferred to shutdown operation in 1997. Three cell complexes, which differed, in particular, by the type of shielding (lead, cast steel, concrete), were available until then for activities at nuclear components. After approval by the regulatory authority, the actual dismantling of the fuel cell laboratory started in March 2000. The BZ I laboratory area consisted of 7 cells with lead shieldings of 100 to 250 mm thickness. This area was dismantled from April to September 2000. Among other things, approx. 30,000 lead bricks with a total weight of approx. 300 Mg were dismantled and disposed of. The BZ III laboratory area essentially consisted of cells with concrete shieldings of 1200 to 1400 mm thickness. The dismantling of this area started in the fir st half of 2001 and was completed in November 2002. Among other things, approx. 900 Mg of concrete was dismantled and disposed of. Since more than 90 % of the dismantled materials was measurable for clearance, various clearance measurement devices were used during dismantling. The BZ II laboratory area essentially consists of cells with cast steel shieldings of 400 to 460 mm thickness. In September 2002 it was decided to continue using this laboratory area for future tasks. The dismantling of the fuel cell laboratory was thus completed. After appropriate refurbishment, the fuel cell laboratory will probably take up operation again in late 2003.

Stahn, B.; Matela, K.; Bensch, D.; Ambos, Frank

2003-02-27

458

Will India become the Global Centre for Pharmaceutical Research & Development?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is an edited version of a presentation given at the IGPA Conference in June 2005 in Malta. The global pharmaceutical industry is undergoing enormous change characterised by pressures on the big pharmaceutical sector, the advent of biotech and the global expansion of the generics industry. Big pharma continues to face difficulties with respect to productivity and the returns

Malvinder Mohan Singh

2006-01-01

459

Infrasound research at Kola Regional Seismological Centre, Russia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A small-aperture infrasound array has been installed in Kola Peninsula, Russia 17 km far from the town of Apatity in the year 2000. It comprises 3 Chaparral V microbarographs placed closely to the APA seismic array sensors and equipped with pipe wind reducing filters. The data are digitized at the array site and transmitted in real time to a processing center in Apatity. To search for infrasound events (arrivals of coherent signals) a beamforming-style detector has been developed. Now it works in near real time. We analyzed the detecting statistics for different frequency bands. Most man-made events are detected in 1-5 Hz band, microbaromes are typically detected in 0.2-1 Hz band. In lower frequencies we record mostly a wind noise. A data base of samples of infrasound signals of different natures has been collected. It contains recordings of microbaromes, industrial and military explosions, airplane shock waves, infrasound of airplanes, thunders, rocket launches and reentries, bolides etc. The most distant signals we have detected are associated with Kursk Magnetic Anomaly explosions (1700 km far from Apatity). We implemented an algorithm for association of infrasound signals and preliminary location of infrasound events by several arrays. It was tested with Apatity data together with data of Sweden - Finnish infrasound network operated by the Institute of Space Physics in Umea (Sweden). By agreement with NORSAR we have a real-time access to the data of Norwegian experimental infrasound installation situated in Karasjok (North Norway). Currently our detection and location programs work both with Apatity and Norwegian data. The results are available in Internet. Finnish militaries routinely destroy out-of-date weapon in autumns at the same compact site in North Finland. This is a great source of repeating infrasound signals of the same magnitude and origin. We recorded several hundreds of such explosions. The signals have been used for testing our location routines. Some factors were observed enabling or disabling first (tropospheric) arrivals of such signals depending on weather conditions. Systematic backazimuth deviations for stratospheric arrivals have been observed caused by strong stratospheric winds. In 2009 mobile infrasound arrays were developed in KRSC. Each array comprises 3 low-frequency microphones, GPS, digitizer and PC with data acquisition system. Aperture of such arrays is about 250 m, deployment time is less than 1 hour. These arrays are used in experimental work with Roskosmos space agency to search space debris reentering places. In 2012 a wireless version of such mobile array was created. Each acquisition point comprises a microphone, GPS and ADC chips, microcontroller and radio modem to send data to a central unit. This enabled us to increase aperture (up to 500 m) and decrease deployment time.

Asming, Vladimir; Kremenetskaya, Elena

2013-04-01

460

Slides for the June 30, 2009 Joint Meeting of the Drug Safety ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... Guests. •Professor Keith Hawton, DSc DM FRCPsych, Director, Centre for Suicide Research, University Department of Psychiatry, Warneford ... More results from www.fda.gov/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials/drugs

461

Joint CCCO/JSC Study Conference  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Scientists designing the oceanographic research component of the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP), under the auspices of the Committee on Climate Changes and the Ocean (CCCO) and the Joint Scientific Committee (JSC), will meet in Tokyo in May 1982 to begin synthesizing the numerous concepts and proposals, under study or being advocated, into a focused research strategy.The objectives of the conference are to establish the scientific basis for an experimental research strategy and to review, assess, and identify critical experiment components. As would be expected, there are many wellfounded views on this subject, and the conference has, therefore, been structured so that these views can be expressed and debated.

462

Joint Adaptive Communications System (JACS) Concept Validation Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Concept Validation Study of Joint Adaptive Communication System (JACS), conducted by David Sarnoff Research Center (Sarnoff) under contract to Air Force, focused on evaluation of network algorithms for a self-organizing, self-routing, self-maintaining...

N. P. Newman T. Stiller W. E. Stephens

1997-01-01

463

Temporomandibular joint arthrocentesis. Review of the literature  

PubMed Central

The treatment of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is still controversial. TMJ arthrocentesis represents a form of minimally invasive surgical treatment in patients suffering from internal derangement of the TMJ, especially closed lock. It consists of washing the joint with the possibility of depositing a drug or other therapeuti