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Exploration consequences of divergent strike-slip motion on Mexia fault zone of central Texas  

SciTech Connect

The several proposed models for the evolution of the Gulf of Mexico suggest different types of movement on the Mexia fault zone. One recent model suggests that the Yucatan Peninsula, in the Gulf at the beginning of the Jurassic, moved southwest to its present position during the Jurassic. This requires major right-lateral strike-slip movement with minor divergence in the vicinity of the Mexia fault zone. This fault zone trends north-south, consists of en echelon horsts and grabens striking about 30/sup 0/ east of the zone's trend, and was active from the Jurassic through the Eocene. The presence of the grabens, their orientation and en echelon arrangement, and the age of movement are all consistent with divergent strike-slip movement. Hydrocarbons are generally produced from the basin side of the fault zone but have also been produced from fault traps within the grabens. Theoretical models, physical models, and field examples of strike-slip faults suggest the presence of en echelon anticlinal traps along the fault zone, and development of smaller antiformal structures where the en echelon grabens overlap. Such structures have not been described along the Mexia fault and may be important new structural plays, particularly for oil in the Smackover. Post-Jurassic movement on the fault zone enhanced the structural relief of the grabens and probably was related to the mobilization of the Louann salts. Traps in the Cretaceous which produce most of the hydrocarbons are due to this later movement.

Rodgers, D.A.



Combined space management through Delaire/Joos osteotomy and postoperative orthodontic treatment. A retrospective longitudinal study.  


The diagnostic records of all patients who had undergone Delaire/Joos osteotomy with mandibular setback at the Muenster University Hospital (period 1995-2000, n=22) were used for space management evaluation in the context of combined surgical-orthodontic treatment.Twenty-eight dental spaces were present prior to the start of treatment and 14 were created by extracting teeth as a pretreatment measure. In two patients, unilateral setback was performed according to Obwegeser/Dal Pont. Thus, 42 tooth-bounded spaces were present at the time of Delaire/Joos osteotomy with mandibular setback, most of them in the first molar region, followed by the second premolar region. A significant space reduction was achieved by the surgical intervention, but not by the subsequent orthodontic treatment. The best results with respect to complete space closure by orthognathic surgery/orthodontic treatment without the need for subsequent prosthetic rehabilitation were recorded in the second premolar region. In the absence of spaces and with a similar long-term prognosis for all potentially extractable teeth and adequate space for the necessary surgical repositioning, the second premolars should therefore be regarded as the 'extraction teeth of choice' for mandibular setback within the context of Delaire/Joos osteotomy. PMID:14690655

Hohoff, A; Stamm, T; Kaied, I; Danesh, G; Ehmer, U; Joos, U



DISCUSSION: Comments on the paper of A Yu Belonogov, A V Startsev, Yu Yu Stoilov, Cho Sung-Joo ''Fluorescence of dyes at supersaturation pump powers''  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the above mentioned paper, Belonogov et al. showed that illumination of a phenalemine F-510 solution with a laser beam of high power density P does not alter the excited-state lifetime. It follows from their results that the anomalously high intensity of the fluorescence of complex molecules, observed earlier, can hardly be attributed to an increase in the spontaneous emission probability A. An analysis of the results of Belonogov et al. reveals that they investigated the fluorescence at power densities P below the threshold when the probability A is independent of P. Comment on A Yu Belonogov et al 1996 Quantum Electron. 26 556.

Klochkov, V. P.; Verkhovskii, E. B.



Adsorption of sodium dodecyl sulphate and propanol mixtures at aqueous solution–air interface  

Microsoft Academic Search

Surface tension measurements were carried out for aqueous solutions of sodium dodecyl sulphate and propanol mixtures. The obtained results were compared with those calculated from the relations derived by Joos, Miller and co-workers, and von Szyszkowski. From the comparison it appeared that using the modified adsorption isotherm derived by Joos the adsorption behavior of SDDS and propanol mixture can be

Bronis?aw Ja?czuk; Anna Zdziennicka; Wies?aw Wójcik



Acaros acuáticos patagónicos (Acari, Hydrachnidia). I. Embalse Exequiel Ramos Mexía (Argentina, Neuquén)  

Microsoft Academic Search

From March 1982 to Juli 1984, an integral study on the zoobenthos was conducted on R. Mexia reservoir. Some of the species found are treated here. Family Hydryphantidae: Hydryphantes (Hydryphantes) Ju?juyensis Nordenskiold y Neocalonyx (Paracalonyx) longipalpis Lundblad. Family Oxidae: Oxus(Oxus) patagonicus Lundblad. Family Hygrobatidae: Hygrobates (Hygrobates) ampliatus Viets. Family Mideopsis: Mideopsis (Mideopsis) choconensis Cook. Family Arrenuridae: Arrenurus (Arrenurus) oxyurus Ribaga

Beatriz Rosso De Ferradás



Spectroscopic characterization of atmospheric pressure argon plasmas sustained with the Torche à Injection Axiale sur Guide d'Ondes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An argon microwave (2.45 GHz) plasma produced by a microwave plasma torch known as "Torche à Injection Axiale sur Guide d'Ondes" (TIAGO) in air ambience at atmospheric pressure was experimentally characterized. The conditions for appropriate TIAGO torch operation in argon and flame morphology were researched under several experimental conditions of gas flow (0.15-5.00 L · min-1) rates and microwave input powers (100-1000 W). Gas temperature and electron density values were studied by means of optical emission spectroscopy. Besides, the processes inside the discharge and their interaction with the surrounding atmosphere were described according to the recorded spectra.

Rincón, R.; Muñoz, J.; Sáez, M.; Calzada, M. D.



78 FR 14669 - Privacy Act of 1974; Implementation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...who provides information for an investigation, or endanger law enforcement personnel. Dated: February 28, 2013. Joo Y. Chung, Acting Chief Privacy and Civil Liberties Officer, United States Department of Justice. [FR Doc. 2013-05146 Filed...



Ethics and scientific publication  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Description of ethical problems seen in scientific publications Other authors: Jessica P. Gutierrez, Kristin Hennessy, David Kosek, Joo Hyoung Lee, Dragos Olteanu, Tara Russell, Faheem Shaikh and Kai Wang

PhD Dale J. Benos (University of Alabama at Birmingham Dept. of Physiology and Biophysics); Jorge Fabres (University of Alabama at Birmingham Department of Pediatrics); John Farmer (University of Alabama at Birmingham Dept. of Physiology and Biophysics)



The adsorption at solution–air interface and volumetric properties of mixtures of cationic and nonionic surfactants  

Microsoft Academic Search

Surface tension, density and conductivity measurements were carried out for systems containing mixtures of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) and p-(1,1,3,3-tetramethylbutyl)phenoxypoly(ethylene glycol), Triton X-100 (TX100). The obtained results of the surface tension measurements were compared with those calculated from the relations derived by Joos, Miller and co-workers. From the comparison it appeared that using the modified adsorption isotherm derived by Joos the

Katarzyna Szymczyk; Bronis?aw Ja?czuk



Juniperus oxycedrus L. subsp. oxycedrus and Juniperus oxycedrus L. subsp. macrocarpa (Sibth. & Sm.) Ball. "berries" from Turkey: comparative evaluation of phenolic profile, antioxidant, cytotoxic and antimicrobial activities.  


This work aimed to evaluate and compare the phenolic profile and some biological properties of the ripe "berries" methanol extracts of Juniperus oxycedrus L. subsp. oxycedrus (Joo) and Juniperus oxycedrus L. subsp. macrocarpa (Sibth. & Sm.) Ball. (Jom) from Turkey. The total phenolic content resulted about 3-fold higher in Jom (17.89±0.23 mg GAE/g extract) than in Joo (5.14±0.06 mg GAE/g extract). The HPLC-DAD-ESI-MS analysis revealed a similar flavonoid fingerprint in Joo and Jom, whereas a difference in their quantitative content was found (4632 ?g/g extract and 12644 ?g/g extract). In addition, three phenolic acids were detected in Jom only (5765 ?g/g extract), and protocatechuic acid was the most abundant one. The antioxidant capacity of the extracts was evaluated by different in vitro assays: in the DPPH and in the TBA tests a stronger activity in Jom was highlighted, while Joo exhibited higher reducing power and metal chelating activity. Joo and Jom did not affect HepG2 cell viability and both extracts resulted virtually non-toxic against Artemia salina. The extracts were also studied for their antimicrobial potential, displaying efficacy against Gram-positive bacteria. PMID:23603383

Taviano, Maria Fernanda; Marino, Andreana; Trovato, Ada; Bellinghieri, Valentina; Melchini, Antonietta; Dugo, Paola; Cacciola, Francesco; Donato, Paola; Mondello, Luigi; Güvenç, Ay?egül; De Pasquale, Rita; Miceli, Natalizia



Two-Functional Direct Current Sputtered Silver-Containing Titanium Dioxide Thin Films  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article reports on structure, mechanical, optical, photocatalytic and biocidal properties of Ti–Ag–O films. The Ti–Ag–O\\u000a films were reactively sputter-deposited from a composed Ti\\/Ag target at different partial pressures of oxygen $$ p_{{\\\\rm O}_{2}} $$ on unheated glass substrate held on floating potential U\\u000a fl. It was found that addition of ~2 at.% of Ag into TiO2 film has no

J. Musil; M. Louda; R. Cerstvy; P. Baroch; I. B. Ditta; A. Steele; H. A. Foster



77 FR 61275 - Privacy Act of 1974: Implementation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...extent that the system is exempt from other specific subsections of the Privacy Act. Dated: September 27, 2012. Joo Y. Chung, Acting Chief Privacy and Civil Liberties Officer. [FR Doc. 2012-24753 Filed 10-5-12; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE...



Jimmy Carter and Playboy: A Sociolinguistic Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research by Martin Joos and John J. Gumperz to develop a perspective for rhetorical analysis. Carter's final remarks in his Playboy interview are shown to reflect an ineffective sociolinguistic code shift to a stylistic level inappropriate to Carter as public personality and as presidential candidate. (JF)

Solomon, Martha



Jimmy carter and playboy: A sociolinguistic perspective on style  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using research by Martin Joos and John J. Gumperz to develop a perspective for rhetorical analysis, the article contends that Carter's final remarks in his Playboy interview reflect an ineffective sociolinguistic code shift to a stylistic level inappropriate to Carter as public personality and as presidential candidate.

Martha Solomon



Style in English. The Bobbs-Merrill Series in Composition and Rhetoric.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The thesis that style through the manner of expression provides the writer or speaker with the matter of his discourse is the subject of these eight essays. Articles are by (1) Louis T. Milic, who explores the implication of stylistic theory for the teaching of composition, (2) Martin Joos, who relates style theories to the national enthusiasm for…

Nist, John, Ed.


Integration of geothermal data along the Balcones/Ouachita trend, central Texas. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents data that address possible controls on warm-water resources. Data are presented on a series of maps, and interpretations appear in the brief text accompanying the maps. It is thought that structural controls provided by the Balcones Fault Zone on the west and by the Luling-Mexia-Talco Fault Zone on the east localize the warm waters. The ultimate controlling attribute is the foundered Ouachita structural belt, which, in turn, has controlled the orientation and magnitude of displacement of the superjacent normal fault systems. This thesis is supported by maps (in pocket) showing the following: distribution of thermal waters measured in wells along the Balcones/Ouachita structural trend showing water temperature in /sup 0/F, total depth of the well measured, water salinity in parts per million, and the geologic formation producing the water; structural contours on the base of the Cretaceous System showing the configuration of the Paleozoic Ouachita basement; structural configuration of the Balcones and Luling Fault Zone, Mexia and Talco Fault Zone, and foreland areas adjacent to the Ouachita Orogen using data from the Buda Limestone, Sligo Formation, and Ellenburger Group; Landsat lineaments and Bouguer gravity contours; and geothermal gradient contours of the Balcones/Ouachita trend based on thermal values from Paleozoic and selected Mesozoic formations.

Woodruff, C.M. Jr.; Gever, C.; Snyder, Fred R.; Wuerch, David Robert



Petroleum geology of Woodbine Formation, Freestone County, Texas  

SciTech Connect

The Upper Cretaceous Woodbine Formation consists of clastics deposited in various southwestward-prograding environments on the margin of the subsiding East Texas basin. Depositional environments range from fluvial (in the north) to deltaic and a shelf strandplain (in the southwest). The Woodbine unconformably overlies the Lower Cretaceous Washita Group except in the basin axis and south of the Angelina-Caldwell flexure where deposition may have been continuous. Transgression by Eagle Ford seas closed the Woodbine deposition. Structural features in Freestone County include the East Texas basin, the Sabine uplift, the Mexia-Talco fault zone, and the East Texas salt province. Isopach thicknesses of the Woodbine range from 375 ft in the west to more than 900 ft in the east (basinward). Thickening on the downthrown side of the Mexia-Talco faults indicates syndepositional faulting, related to allochthonous rocks sliding over the Jurassic Louann Salt. Structural accumulations of petroleum have been discovered against faults and salt domes, but stratigraphic pinch-outs of the Woodbine's discontinuous lenticular sand bodies remain as excellent exploration opportunities.

Carden, M.



(CO sub 2 uptake in an Ocean Circulation Model)  

SciTech Connect

The traveler collaborated with Drs. J. L. Sarmiento and J. C. Orr of the Program in Atmospheric Sciences at Princeton University to finish the article A Perturbation Simulation of CO{sub 2} Uptake in an Ocean Circulation Model,'' which has been submitted to the Journal of Geophysical Research for publication. With F. Joos, a graduate student from the University of Bern, the traveler started writing a journal article describing a box model of the global carbon cycle that is an extension of the one-dimensional box-diffusion model. The traveler further collaborated with F. Joos and Dr. J. L. Sarmiento on modeling the potential enhancement of oceanic CO{sub 2} uptake by fertilizing the southern ocean with iron. A letter describing the results is currently being written for the journal Nature.

Siegenthaler, U.C.



Cover caption.  


May Online Cover: Sous-vide packages of carrots in varying stacking configurations, and their temperature profiles at 90 °C at 1 or 10 min cooking time, from "Using Numerical Analysis to Develop and Evaluate the Method of High Temperature Sous-Vide to Soften Carrot Texture in Different-Sized Packages" by Yoon-Ki Hong, Joo-Tae Uhm, and Won Byong Yoon; p. E546. PMID:24811348



How well do investors understand loss persistence?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines investors’ expectations of loss persistence. I develop a model to forecast loss firms’ future earnings\\u000a based on Joos and Plesko, The Accounting Review 80: 847–870, (2005). This model produces smaller forecast errors than two random walk models and a model that assumes losses are transitory.\\u000a The results suggest that investors do not fully distinguish the differences in

Kevin Ke Li


Science to Practice: Can Intravoxel Incoherent Motion Diffusion-weighted MR Imaging Be Used to Assess Tumor Response to Antivascular Drugs?  


Summary In the study by Joo et al ( 1 ), perfusion-sensitive parameters derived from diffusion-weighted (DW) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging using intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) analysis were significantly decreased 4 hours after administration of a vascular disrupting agent (VDA) (CKD-516), in keeping with drug-induced vascular collapse. A larger decrease in the perfusion-sensitive IVIM parameters was correlated with smaller tumor size increase 7 days after treatment. PMID:25058129

Koh, Dow-Mu



Enrichment of potentially toxic elements in areas underlain by black shales and slates in Korea  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Okchon black shale in Korea provides an important example of natural geological materials containing toxic elements; the Chung-Joo, Duk-Pyung, Geum-Kwan, I-Won and Chu-Bu areas are underlain by these black shales and slates of the Guryongsan Formation. This formation is part of the Okchon Group which is found in the central part of Korea. Geochemical surveys were undertaken in these

Jin-Soo Lee; Hyo-Taek Chon; Jong-Shin Kim; Kyoung-Woong Kim; Hi-Soo Moon



Fiber-coupled displacement interferometry without periodic nonlinearity.  


Displacement interferometry is widely used for accurately characterizing nanometer and subnanometer displacements in many applications. In many modern systems, fiber delivery is desired to limit optical alignment and remove heat sources from the system, but fiber delivery can exacerbate common interferometric measurement problems, such as periodic nonlinearity, and account for fiber-induced drift. In this Letter, we describe a novel, general Joo-type interferometer that inherently has an optical reference after any fiber delivery that eliminates fiber-induced drift. This interferometer demonstrated no detectable periodic nonlinearity in both free-space and fiber-delivered variants. PMID:21931398

Ellis, Jonathan D; Meskers, Arjan J H; Spronck, Jo W; Munnig Schmidt, Robert H



First Principles Absorption Spectra of Group IB and IIB Atoms and Dimers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present absorption spectra of group IB and IIB atoms and dimers, obtained with two state-of-the-art computational methods using ab initio pseudopotentials: the many body perturbation technique GWBSE and the time-dependent density functional theory with the local density approximation (TDLDA). We compare the GWBSE and TDLDA spectra with each other and with available experimental data. A recent study has shown that semi-core s and p states are essential to reproduce accurate quasiparticle energies within the GW theory.^1 We extend this investigation to the case of optical excitations and examine the effect of semi-core states on the absorption spectra by carrying out TDLDA and GWBSE computations with standard and semi-core pseudopotentials. ^1 M.Tiago, J.C.Idrobo, S.Ogut, J.Jellinek, and J.R.Chelikwosky, Phys. Rev. B 79, 155419 (2009).

Baishya, Kopinjol; Ogut, Serdar



Adsorption of water-soluble polymers with surfactant character. Adsorption kinetics and equilibrium properties.  


A comparative study between Langmuir and Gibbs monolayers of a hyperbranched polyol, poly(propylene glycol) homopolymers, and poly(propylene glycol)-poly(ethylene glycol) copolymers with different structure and molecular weight, is reported. Dynamic surface tension (DST) and surface pressure measurements have been carried out to characterize these amphiphilic water-soluble polymers. The adsorption kinetics results are consistent with a rapid diffusion stage followed by a slow reorganization at the air-water interface. The characteristic times of these steps, calculated by the Joos model, point out differences among the polymers in the diffusion rate and rearrangement mechanisms for diluted solutions. Short time analysis of DST data leads to diffusion coefficients in qualitative agreement with the diffusion times calculated with Joos' model. Spread monolayers remain stable for long periods of time. The desorption process seems quite inoperative. As a consequence, the surface pressure of the spread monolayers can be studied over a broad surface concentration range. 2D first-order phase transitions have been evidenced from plateaux observed in Langmuir and Gibbs isotherms. It has been found that Gibbs monolayers lead to lower surface tension states than the Langmuir ones. PMID:17222418

Díez-Pascual, Ana M; Compostizo, Aurora; Crespo-Colín, Amalia; Rubio, Ramón G; Miller, Reinhard



Thermocapillary instability and wave formation on a film falling down a uniformly heated plane  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We consider a thin layer of a viscous fluid flowing down a uniformly heated planar wall. The heating generates a temperature distribution on the free surface which in turn induces surface tension gradients. We model this thermocapillary flow by using the Shkadov integral-boundary-layer (IBL) approximation of the Navier Stokes/energy equations and associated free-surface boundary conditions. Our linear stability analysis of the flat-film solution is in good agreement with the Goussis & Kelly (1991) stability results from the Orr Sommerfeld eigenvalue problem of the full Navier Stokes/energy equations. We numerically construct nonlinear solutions of the solitary wave type for the IBL approximation and the Benney-type equation developed by Joo et al. (1991) using the usual long-wave approximation. The two approaches give similar solitary wave solutions up to an O(1) Reynolds number above which the solitary wave solution branch obtained by the Joo et al. equation is unrealistic, with branch multiplicity and limit points. The IBL approximation on the other hand has no limit points and predicts the existence of solitary waves for all Reynolds numbers. Finally, in the region of small film thicknesses where the Marangoni forces dominate inertia forces, our IBL system reduces to a single equation for the film thickness that contains only one parameter. When this parameter tends to zero, both the solitary wave speed and the maximum amplitude tend to infinity.

Kalliadasis, S.; Demekhin, E. A.; Ruyer-Quil, C.; Velarde, M. G.



Attaining subclassical metrology in lossy systems with entangled coherent states  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Quantum mechanics allows entanglement enhanced measurements to be performed, but loss remains an obstacle in constructing realistic quantum metrology schemes. However, recent work has revealed that entangled coherent states (ECSs) have the potential to perform robust subclassical measurements [J. Joo et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 083601 (2011), 10.1103/PhysRevLett.107.083601]. Up to now no read-out scheme has been devised that exploits this robust nature of ECSs, but we present here an experimentally accessible method of achieving precision close to the theoretical bound, even with loss. We show substantial improvements over unentangled classical states and highly entangled NOON states for a wide range of loss values, elevating quantum metrology to a realizable technology in the near future.

Knott, P. A.; Munro, W. J.; Dunningham, J. A.




SciTech Connect

Stars form in dense cores of molecular clouds that are observed to be significantly magnetized. In the simplest case of a laminar (non-turbulent) core with the magnetic field aligned with the rotation axis, both analytic considerations and numerical simulations have shown that the formation of a large, 10{sup 2} AU scale, rotationally supported protostellar disk is suppressed by magnetic braking in the ideal MHD limit for a realistic level of core magnetization. This theoretical difficulty in forming protostellar disks is termed the ''magnetic braking catastrophe''. A possible resolution to this problem, proposed by Hennebelle and Ciardi and Joos et al., is that misalignment between the magnetic field and rotation axis may weaken the magnetic braking enough to enable disk formation. We evaluate this possibility quantitatively through numerical simulations. We confirm the basic result of Joos et al. that the misalignment is indeed conducive to disk formation. In relatively weakly magnetized cores with dimensionless mass-to-flux ratio {approx}> 4, it enabled the formation of rotationally supported disks that would otherwise be suppressed if the magnetic field and rotation axis are aligned. For more strongly magnetized cores, disk formation remains suppressed, however, even for the maximum tilt angle of 90 Degree-Sign . If dense cores are as strongly magnetized as indicated by OH Zeeman observations (with a mean dimensionless mass-to-flux ratio {approx}2), it would be difficult for the misalignment alone to enable disk formation in the majority of them. We conclude that, while beneficial to disk formation, especially for the relatively weak field case, misalignment does not completely solve the problem of catastrophic magnetic braking in general.

Li Zhiyun [Astronomy Department, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA (United States); Krasnopolsky, Ruben; Shang, Hsien [Academia Sinica, Theoretical Institute for Advanced Research in Astrophysics, Taipei, Taiwan (China)



Does Magnetic-field-Rotation Misalignment Solve the Magnetic Braking Catastrophe in Protostellar Disk Formation?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Stars form in dense cores of molecular clouds that are observed to be significantly magnetized. In the simplest case of a laminar (non-turbulent) core with the magnetic field aligned with the rotation axis, both analytic considerations and numerical simulations have shown that the formation of a large, 102 AU scale, rotationally supported protostellar disk is suppressed by magnetic braking in the ideal MHD limit for a realistic level of core magnetization. This theoretical difficulty in forming protostellar disks is termed the "magnetic braking catastrophe." A possible resolution to this problem, proposed by Hennebelle & Ciardi and Joos et al., is that misalignment between the magnetic field and rotation axis may weaken the magnetic braking enough to enable disk formation. We evaluate this possibility quantitatively through numerical simulations. We confirm the basic result of Joos et al. that the misalignment is indeed conducive to disk formation. In relatively weakly magnetized cores with dimensionless mass-to-flux ratio >~ 4, it enabled the formation of rotationally supported disks that would otherwise be suppressed if the magnetic field and rotation axis are aligned. For more strongly magnetized cores, disk formation remains suppressed, however, even for the maximum tilt angle of 90°. If dense cores are as strongly magnetized as indicated by OH Zeeman observations (with a mean dimensionless mass-to-flux ratio ~2), it would be difficult for the misalignment alone to enable disk formation in the majority of them. We conclude that, while beneficial to disk formation, especially for the relatively weak field case, misalignment does not completely solve the problem of catastrophic magnetic braking in general.

Li, Zhi-Yun; Krasnopolsky, Ruben; Shang, Hsien



Exciton self-trapping and Stark effect in the optical response of pentacene crystals from first principles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Pentacene is a prototypical organic semiconductor with optoelectronic and photovoltaic applications. It is known that the lowest-energy singlet excitation has a Stokes shift between absorption and emission of about 0.14 eV, but the deformation associated with this self-trapped exciton remains unknown. We begin with a calculation of the optical properties via the first-principles GW/Bethe-Salpeter (BSE) theory [ML Tiago, JE Northrup, and SG Louie, Phys. Rev. B 67, 115212 (2003); S Sharifzadeh, A Biller, L Kronik, and JB Neaton, arXiv:1110.4928 (2011)]. We then study the self-trapping phenomenon via our reformulation of the Bethe-Salpeter excited-state forces approximation of Ismail-Beigi and Louie [Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 076401 (2003)], which can describe the structural relaxation after optical excitation. Whether excitons in pentacene have charge-transfer character has been controversial in electro-absorption experiments. We use the same BSE analytic derivatives approach to calculate the changes in excitation energies due to an applied electric field to understand this experimental controversy.

Strubbe, David A.; Sharifzadeh, Sahar; Neaton, Jeffrey B.; Louie, Steven G.



BOOK REVIEW: Decoherence and the Appearance of a Classical World in Quantum Theory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the last decade decoherence has become a very popular topic mainly due to the progress in experimental techniques which allow monitoring of the process of decoherence for single microscopic or mesoscopic systems. The other motivation is the rapid development of quantum information and quantum computation theory where decoherence is the main obstacle in the implementation of bold theoretical ideas. All that makes the second improved and extended edition of this book very timely. Despite the enormous efforts of many authors decoherence with its consequences still remains a rather controversial subject. It touches on, namely, the notoriously confusing issues of quantum measurement theory and interpretation of quantum mechanics. The existence of different points of view is reflected by the structure and content of the book. The first three authors (Joos, Zeh and Kiefer) accept the standard formalism of quantum mechanics but seem to reject orthodox Copenhagen interpretation, Giulini and Kupsch stick to both while Stamatescu discusses models which go beyond the standard quantum theory. Fortunately, most of the presented results are independent of the interpretation and the mathematical formalism is common for the (meta)physically different approaches. After a short introduction by Joos followed by a more detailed review of the basic concepts by Zeh, chapter 3 (the longest chapter) by Joos is devoted to the environmental decoherence. Here the author considers mostly rather `down to earth' and well-motivated mechanisms of decoherence through collisions with atoms or molecules and the processes of emission, absorption and scattering of photons. The issues of decoherence induced superselection rules and localization of objects including the possible explanation of the molecular structure are discussed in details. Many other topics are also reviewed in this chapter, e.g., the so-called Zeno effect, relationships between quantum chaos and decoherence, the role of decoherence in quantum information processing and even decoherence in the brain. The next chapter, written by Kiefer, is devoted to decoherence in quantum field theory and quantum gravity which is a much more speculative and less explored topic. Two complementary aspects are studied in this approach: decoherence of particle states by the quantum fields and decoherence of field states by the particles. Cosmological issues related to decoherence are discussed, not only within the standard Friedmann cosmology, but also using the elements of the theory of black holes, wormholes and strings. The relations between the formalism of consistent histories defined in terms of decoherence functionals and the environmental decoherence are discussed in chapter 5, also written by Kiefer. The Feynman--Vernon influence functional for the quantum open system is presented in detail as the first example of decoherence functional. Then the general theory is outlined together with possible interpretations including cosmological aspects. The next chapter by Giulini presents an overview of the superselection rules arising from physical symmetries and gauge transformations both for nonrelativistic quantum mechanics and quantum field theory. Critical discussion of kinematical superselection rules versus dynamical ones is illustrated by numerous examples like Galilei invariant quantum mechanics, quantum electrodynamics and quantum gravity. The introduction to the theory of quantum open systems and its applications to decoherence models is given in chapter 7 by Kupsch. Generalized master equations, Markovian approximation and a few Hamiltonian models relevant for decoherence are discussed. Some mathematical tools, e.g., complete positivity and entropy inequalities are also presented. The last chapter by Stamatescu is devoted to stochastic collapse models which can be interpreted either as certain representations of the dynamics of open quantum systems or as fundamental modifications of the Schr\\"odinger equation. The final part of the book consists of remarks by Zeh on related concepts and met

Alicki, R.



Process development and techno-economic analysis of a novel process for MeOH production from CO2 using solar-thermal energy.  

SciTech Connect

Mitigating and overcoming environmental problems brought about by the current worldwide fossil fuel-based energy infrastructure requires the creation of innovative alternatives. In particular, such alternatives must actively contribute to the reduction of carbon emissions via carbon recycling and a shift to the use of renewable sources of energy. Carbon neutral transformation of biomass to liquid fuels is one of such alternatives, but it is limited by the inherently low energy efficiency of photosynthesis with regard to the net production of biomass. Researchers have thus been looking for alternative, energy-efficient chemical routes inspired in the biological transformation of solar power, CO2 and H2O into useful chemicals; specifically, liquid fuels. Methanol has been the focus of a fair number of publications for its versatility as a fuel, and its use as an intermediate chemical in the synthesis of many compounds. In some of these studies, (e.g. Joo et al., (2004), Mignard and Pritchard (2006), Galindo and Badr (2007)) CO2 and renewable H2 (e.g. electrolytic H2) are considered as the raw materials for the production of methanol and other liquid fuels. Several basic PFD diagrams have been proposed. One of the most promising is the so called CAMERE process (Joo et al., 1999 ). In this process, carbon dioxide and renewable hydrogen are fed to a first reactor and transformed according to: H2 + CO2 <=> H2O + CO Reverse Water Gas Shift (RWGS) After eliminating the produced water the resulting H2/CO2/CO mixture is then feed to a second reactor where it is converted to methanol according to: CO2 + 3.H2 <=> CH3OH + H2O Methanol Synthesis (MS) CO + H2O <=> CO2 + H2 Water Gas Shift (WGS) The approach here is to produce enough CO to eliminate, via WGS, the water produced by MS. This is beneficial since water has been proven to block active sites in the MS catalyst. In this work a different process alternative is presented: One that combines the CO2 recycling of the CAMERE process and the use of solar energy implicit in some of the biomass-based process, but in this case with the potential high energy efficiency of thermo-chemical transformations.

Henao, Carlos (University of Wisconsin); Kim, Jiyong (University of Wisconsin); Johnson, Terry Alan; Stechel, Ellen Beth; Dedrick, Daniel E.; Maravelias, Christos T. (University of Wisconsin); Miller, James Edward



Land biosphere dynamics during the present and the last interglacials  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During the last eight glacial-interglacial cycles, the atmospheric CO2 concentration has fluctuated between glacial levels of about 180 ppm and interglacial levels of up to about 300 ppm. These CO2 concentra¬tion changes appear to be closely linked to Antarctic surface temperature as inferred from ice cores (e.g. Luethi et al. 2008). Several physical and biogeochemical mechanisms responsible for this strong coupling between the Antarctic surface temperature and the CO2 concentration have been identified (e.g. changes in sea surface temperatures and deep water formation, marine productivity, CaCO3 accumulation, terrestrial productivity and weathering), and quantification of their relative roles is under active investigation (e.g. Brovkin et al. 2012). Recently, focus in the paleo-carbon research community has shifted towards the link between surface temperature and CO2 concentration during warm periods, including Quaternary interglacial periods. To date it is unclear what mechanisms drive the atmospheric CO2 concentration trends during interglacial periods. While the majority of climate-carbon cycle model simulations (e.g. Elsig et al. 2009; Joos et al. 2004; Kleinen et al. 2010; Menviel and Joos 2012; Ridgwell et al. 2003) agree that the ocean was the main source of carbon to the atmo¬sphere, the impact of land carbon changes on atmospheric CO2 concentration is less clear. To understand the role of the land biosphere on atmospheric CO2 concentration changes during the present and the last interglacials, we have used a new climate-carbon cycle model CLIMBER-JSBACH, which is the asynchronously coupled EMIC (Earth System Model of Intermediate Complexity) CLIMBER-2 (Ganopolski et al. 2001) and the land component JSBACH of the Max-Planck Earth System Model (MPI-ESM) described by Raddatz et al. (2007). We will present a model study focusing on vegetation dynamics and carbon storage on land during warm climates (primarily Holocene) and their variability. Using a factor separation method, an ensemble of transient simulations including / excluding (i) different land use changes, (ii) orbit forcing, and (iii) peat accumulation will be analyzed to disentangle the overall change in the land carbon by including all drivers. The new developed model gives a reasonable timeframe for the ensemble of these 8000yrs spanning transient experiments.

Bruecher, Tim; Brovkin, Victor; Gayler, Veronika



Fifty years of progress in acoustic phonetics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Three events that occurred 50 or 60 years ago shaped the study of acoustic phonetics, and in the following few decades these events influenced research and applications in speech disorders, speech development, speech synthesis, speech recognition, and other subareas in speech communication. These events were: (1) the source-filter theory of speech production (Chiba and Kajiyama; Fant); (2) the development of the sound spectrograph and its interpretation (Potter, Kopp, and Green; Joos); and (3) the birth of research that related distinctive features to acoustic patterns (Jakobson, Fant, and Halle). Following these events there has been systematic exploration of the articulatory, acoustic, and perceptual bases of phonological categories, and some quantification of the sources of variability in the transformation of this phonological representation of speech into its acoustic manifestations. This effort has been enhanced by studies of how children acquire language in spite of this variability and by research on speech disorders. Gaps in our knowledge of this inherent variability in speech have limited the directions of applications such as synthesis and recognition of speech, and have led to the implementation of data-driven techniques rather than theoretical principles. Some examples of advances in our knowledge, and limitations of this knowledge, are reviewed.

Stevens, Kenneth N.



Effects of Noise on Ecological Invasion Processes: Bacteriophage-mediated Competition in Bacteria  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Pathogen-mediated competition, through which an invasive species carrying and transmitting a pathogen can be a superior competitor to a more vulnerable resident species, is one of the principle driving forces influencing biodiversity in nature. Using an experimental system of bacteriophage-mediated competition in bacterial populations and a deterministic model, we have shown in [Joo et al 2005] that the competitive advantage conferred by the phage depends only on the relative phage pathology and is independent of the initial phage concentration and other phage and host parameters such as the infection-causing contact rate, the spontaneous and infection-induced lysis rates, and the phage burst size. Here we investigate the effects of stochastic fluctuations on bacterial invasion facilitated by bacteriophage, and examine the validity of the deterministic approach. We use both numerical and analytical methods of stochastic processes to identify the source of noise and assess its magnitude. We show that the conclusions obtained from the deterministic model are robust against stochastic fluctuations, yet deviations become prominently large when the phage are more pathological to the invading bacterial strain.

Joo, Jaewook; Eric, Harvill; Albert, Reka



Effects of Noise on Ecological Invasion Processes: Bacteriophage-Mediated Competition in Bacteria  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Pathogen-mediated competition, through which an invasive species carrying and transmitting a pathogen can be a superior competitor to a more vulnerable resident species, is one of the principle driving forces influencing biodiversity in nature. Using an experimental system of bacteriophage-mediated competition in bacterial populations and a deterministic model, we have shown in Joo et al. [ Proc. R. Soc. B 273,1843-1848 (2006)] that the competitive advantage conferred by the phage depends only on the relative phage pathology and is independent of the initial phage concentration and other phage and host parameters such as the infection-causing contact rate, the spontaneous and infection-induced lysis rates, and the phage burst size. Here we investigate the effects of stochastic fluctuations on bacterial invasion facilitated by bacteriophage, and examine the validity of the deterministic approach. We use both numerical and analytical methods of stochastic processes to identify the source of noise and assess its magnitude. We show that the conclusions obtained from the deterministic model are robust against stochastic fluctuations, yet deviations become prominently large when the phage are more pathological to the invading bacterial strain.

Joo, Jaewook; Harvill, Eric; Albert, Réka



Metal/Ceramic Adhesion at the Fe/TiN Interface: Electronic and Magnetic Structure, and Effect of S Impurities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As part of our ongoing effort in steel research to design a new class of materials with advanced fracture toughness and strength, we performed first-principles calculations on the Fe matrix/TiN fine particle interface with the all-electron full-potential linearized augmented plane wave (FLAPW) method for film geometry(Wimmer, Krakauer, Weinert, and Freeman, Phys. Rev. B, 24), 864 (1981) within the generalized-gradient approximation (GGA(J. Perdew, K. Burke, and M. Ernzerhof, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77), 3865 (1996)), and compared the results with those found previously for Fe/TiC(T. Shishidou,Joo-Hyoung Lee, Yu-Jun Zhao, A. J. Freeman, and G. B. Olson, unpublished). The work of adhesion (3.82 J/m^2 for Fe/TiC, and 3.79 J/m^2 for Fe/TiN) and their calculated force separation laws are very close to each other, but the induced Ti magnetic moment at the interface shows a large difference (-0.02 ?_B for Fe/TiC, and -0.19 ?_B for Fe/TiN). In order to investigate impurity effects, 25% of S atoms were inserted at the interface; results of calculations (now in progress) on the effects of S will be analyzed and discussed.

Lee, Joo-Hyoung; Freeman, A. J.; Olson, G. B.



Discontinuous nonequilibrium phase transitions in a nonlinearly pulse-coupled excitable lattice model.  


We study a modified version of the stochastic susceptible-infected-refractory-susceptible (SIRS) model by employing a nonlinear (exponential) reinforcement in the contagion rate and no diffusion. We run simulations for complete and random graphs as well as d-dimensional hypercubic lattices (for d=3,2,1). For weak nonlinearity, a continuous nonequilibrium phase transition between an absorbing and an active phase is obtained, such as in the usual stochastic SIRS model [Joo and Lebowitz, Phys. Rev. E 70, 036114 (2004)]. However, for strong nonlinearity, the nonequilibrium transition between the two phases can be discontinuous for d>or=2, which is confirmed by well-characterized hysteresis cycles and bistability. Analytical mean-field results correctly predict the overall structure of the phase diagram. Furthermore, contrary to what was observed in a model of phase-coupled stochastic oscillators with a similar nonlinearity in the coupling [Wood, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 145701 (2006)], we did not find a transition to a stable (partially) synchronized state in our nonlinearly pulse-coupled excitable elements. For long enough refractory times and high enough nonlinearity, however, the system can exhibit collective excitability and unstable stochastic oscillations. PMID:20365116

Assis, Vladimir R V; Copelli, Mauro



Mucociliary clearance and submucosal gland secretion in the ex vivo ferret trachea.  


In many species submucosal glands are an important source of tracheal mucus, but the extent to which mucociliary clearance (MCC) depends on gland secretion is unknown. To explore this relationship, we measured basal and agonist-stimulated MCC velocities in ex vivo tracheas from adult ferrets and compared the velocities with previously measured rates of ferret glandular mucus secretion (Cho HJ, Joo NS, Wine JJ. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol 299: L124-L136, 2010). Stimulated MCC velocities (mm/min, means ± SE for 10- to 35-min period poststimulation) were as follows: 1 ?M carbachol: 19.1 ± 3.3 > 10 ?M phenylephrine: 15.3 ± 2.4 ? 10 ?M isoproterenol: 15.0 ± 1.9 ? 10 ?M forskolin: 14.6 ± 3.1 > 1 ?M vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP): 10.2 ± 2.2 > basal (t15): 1.8 ± 0.3; n = 5-10 for each condition. Synergistic stimulation of MCC was observed between low concentrations of carbachol (100 nM) and isoproterenol (300 nM). Bumetanide inhibited carbachol-stimulated MCC by ?70% and abolished the increase in MCC stimulated by forskolin + VIP, whereas HCO3 (-)-free solutions did not significantly inhibit MCC to either intracellular Ca(2+) concentration or intracellular cAMP concentration ([cAMP]i)-elevating agonists. Stimulation and inhibition of MCC and gland secretion differed in several respects: most importantly, elevating [cAMP]i increased MCC much more effectively than expected from its effects on gland secretion, and bumetanide almost completely inhibited [cAMP]i-stimulated MCC while it had a smaller effect on gland secretion. We conclude that changes in glandular fluid secretion are complexly related to MCC and discuss possible reasons for this. PMID:24793168

Jeong, Jin Hyeok; Joo, Nam Soo; Hwang, Peter H; Wine, Jeffrey J



Analysis of Cortical Thickness in Narcolepsy Patients with Cataplexy  

PubMed Central

Study Objectives: To investigate differences in cortical thickness in narcolepsy patients with cataplexy and control subjects. Design: Cortical thickness was measured using a 3-D surface-based method that enables more accurate measurement in deep sulci and localized regional mapping. Setting: University hospital. Patients and Participants: We enrolled 28 patients with narcolepsy and cataplexy and 33 age-and sex-matched control subjects. Interventions: Cortical thickness was measured using a direct method for calculating the distance between corresponding vertices from inner and outer cortical surfaces. Measurements and Results: We normalized cortical surfaces using 2-D surface registration and performed diffusion smoothing to reduce the variability of folding patterns and to increase the power of the statistical analysis. Localized cortical thinning in narcolepsy patients with cataplexy was found in orbitofrontal gyri, dorsolateral and medial prefrontal cortexes, insula, cingulate gyri, middle and inferior temporal gyri, and inferior parietal lobule of the right and left hemispheres at the level of a false discovery rate P < 0.05. No significant local increases in cortical thickness were observed in narcolepsy patients. A significant negative correlation was observed between the narcolepsy patients' scores on the Epworth Sleepiness Scale and the cortical thickness of the left supramarginal gyrus. Conclusions: Cortical thinning in narcolepsy patients with cataplexy in localized anatomic brain regions may serve as a possible neuroanatomic mechanism of the disturbances in attention, memory, emotion, and sleepiness. Citation: Joo EY; Jeon S; Lee M; Kim ST; Yoon U; Koo DL; Lee JM; Hong SB. Analysis of cortical thickness in narcolepsy patients with cataplexy. SLEEP 2011;34(10):1357-1364.

Joo, Eun Yeon; Jeon, Seun; Lee, Minjoo; Kim, Sung Tae; Yoon, Uicheul; Koo, Dae Lim; Lee, Jong-Min; Hong, Seung Bong



The classical ether-drift experiments: A modern re-interpretation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The condensation of elementary quanta and their macroscopic occupation of the same quantum state, say k = 0 in some reference frame ?, is the essential ingredient of the degenerate vacuum of present-day elementary particle physics. This represents a sort of "quantum ether" which characterizes the physically realized form of relativity and could play the role of preferred reference frame in a modern re-formulation of the Lorentzian approach. In spite of this, the so-called "null results" of the classical ether-drift experiments, traditionally interpreted as confirmations of Special Relativity, have so deeply influenced scientific thought as to prevent a critical discussion on the real reasons underlying its alleged supremacy. In this paper, we argue that this traditional null interpretation is far from obvious. In fact, by using Lorentz transformations to connect the Earth's frame to ?, the small observed effects point to an average Earth's velocity of about 300 km/s, as in most cosmic motions. A common feature is the irregular behaviour of the data. While this has motivated, so far, their standard interpretation as instrumental artifacts, our new re-analysis of the very accurate Joos experiment gives clear indications for the type of Earth's motion associated with the CMB anisotropy and leaves little space for this traditional interpretation. The new explanation requires instead a view of the vacuum as a stochastic medium, similar to a fluid in a turbulent state of motion, in agreement with basic foundational aspects of both quantum physics and relativity. The overall consistency of this picture with the present experiments with vacuum optical resonators and the need for a new generation of dedicated ether-drift experiments are also emphasized.

Consoli, M.; Matheson, C.; Pluchino, A.



Rotationally Resolved High-Resolution Laser Spectroscopy of the S_{1} ? S_{0} Transition of Naphthalene and Cl-NAPHTHALENE  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Rotationally resolved high-resolution fluorescence excitation spectra and the Zeeman effects of 0-0 band of S_{1} ? S_{0} electronic transition have been observed for naphthalene, 1-Cl naphthalene (1-ClN), and 2-Cl naphthalene (2-ClN). Sub-Doppler excitation spectra were measured by crossing a single-mode UV laser beam perpendicular to a collimated molecular beam. The typical linewidth was 25 MHz and the absolute wavenumber was calibrated with accuracy 0.0002 cm^{-1} by measurement of the Doppler-free saturation spectrum of iodine molecule and fringe pattern of the stabilized etalon. For naphthalene and 2-ClN, the rotationally resolved spectra were obtained, and these molecular constants were determined in high accuracy. The obtained molecular constants of 2-ClN are good agreement with the ones reported by Plusquellic et. al. For 1-ClN, the rotational lines were not completely resolved because the fluorescence lifetime is shorter than the one of 2-ClN. Additionally, we have observed the change of the spectra with magnetic field. The Zeeman broadening was mainly observed for the levels of low K_{a} and increasing in proportion to J for given K for both of naphthalene and 2-ClN. The order of magnitude and the J, K-dependence of the observed Zeeman broadening were similar to the other vibronic bands of naphthalene. D. L. Joo, R. Takahashi, J. O'Reilly, H. Katô, and M. Baba, J. Mol. Spectrosc., {215}, 155 (2002). D. F. Plusquellic, S. R. Davis, and F. Jahanmir, J. Chem. Phys., {115}, 225 (2001). H. Kato, S. Kasahara, and M. Baba, Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn., {80}, 456 (2007).

Kasahara, Shunji; Yamamoto, Ryo; Tada, Kohei



Application of multi-dimensional discrimination diagrams and probability calculations to Paleoproterozoic acid rocks from Brazilian cratons and provinces to infer tectonic settings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In present work, we applied two sets of new multi-dimensional geochemical diagrams (Verma et al., 2013) obtained from linear discriminant analysis (LDA) of natural logarithm-transformed ratios of major elements and immobile major and trace elements in acid magmas to decipher plate tectonic settings and corresponding probability estimates for Paleoproterozoic rocks from Amazonian craton, São Francisco craton, São Luís craton, and Borborema province of Brazil. The robustness of LDA minimizes the effects of petrogenetic processes and maximizes the separation among the different tectonic groups. The probability based boundaries further provide a better objective statistical method in comparison to the commonly used subjective method of determining the boundaries by eye judgment. The use of readjusted major element data to 100% on an anhydrous basis from SINCLAS computer program, also helps to minimize the effects of post-emplacement compositional changes and analytical errors on these tectonic discrimination diagrams. Fifteen case studies of acid suites highlighted the application of these diagrams and probability calculations. The first case study on Jamon and Musa granites, Carajás area (Central Amazonian Province, Amazonian craton) shows a collision setting (previously thought anorogenic). A collision setting was clearly inferred for Bom Jardim granite, Xingú area (Central Amazonian Province, Amazonian craton) The third case study on Older São Jorge, Younger São Jorge and Maloquinha granites Tapajós area (Ventuari-Tapajós Province, Amazonian craton) indicated a within-plate setting (previously transitional between volcanic arc and within-plate). We also recognized a within-plate setting for the next three case studies on Aripuanã and Teles Pires granites (SW Amazonian craton), and Pitinga area granites (Mapuera Suite, NW Amazonian craton), which were all previously suggested to have been emplaced in post-collision to within-plate settings. The seventh case studies on Cassiterita-Tabuões, Ritápolis, São Tiago-Rezende Costa (south of São Francisco craton, Minas Gerais) showed a collision setting, which agrees fairly reasonably with a syn-collision tectonic setting indicated in the literature. A within-plate setting is suggested for the Serrinha magmatic suite, Mineiro belt (south of São Francisco craton, Minas Gerais), contrasting markedly with the arc setting suggested in the literature. The ninth case study on Rio Itapicuru granites and Rio Capim dacites (north of São Francisco craton, Serrinha block, Bahia) showed a continental arc setting. The tenth case study indicated within-plate setting for Rio dos Remédios volcanic rocks (São Francisco craton, Bahia), which is compatible with these rocks being the initial, rift-related igneous activity associated with the Chapada Diamantina cratonic cover. The eleventh, twelfth and thirteenth case studies on Bom Jesus-Areal granites, Rio Diamante-Rosilha dacite-rhyolite and Timbozal-Cantão granites (São Luís craton) showed continental arc, within-plate and collision settings, respectively. Finally, the last two case studies, fourteenth and fifteenth showed a collision setting for Caicó Complex and continental arc setting for Algodões (Borborema province).

Verma, Sanjeet K.; Oliveira, Elson P.



PREFACE: Introduction to the proceedings of Dynamics Days South America 2010  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This proceedings presents selected contributions from the participants of South America Dynamics Days 2011, which was hosted by the National Institute for Space Research (INPE), Brazil, in July 2010. Dynamics Days was founded in 1980 and is the longest standing and most respected international series of meetings devoted to the field of dynamics and nonlinearity. Traditionally it has brought together researchers from a wide range of backgrounds - including physics, biology, engineering, chemistry and mathematics - for interdisciplinary research into nonlinear science. Dynamics Days South America 2010 marked the beginning of the South American branch of Dynamics Days. It brought together, for the first time in South America, researchers from a wide range of backgrounds who share a common interest in the theory and applications of nonlinear dynamics. Thus, South American researchers had a forum to promote regional as well as international scientific and technological exchange and collaboration especially, but not exclusively, on problems that are particularly relevant for the development of science and technology in the South American region. Furthermore, the conference also brought together prominent scientists from around the world to review recent developments in nonlinear science. This conference comprised plenary invited talks, minisymposia, contributed talks and poster sessions. The articles that are compiled here were chosen from among the works that were presented as contributed talks and posters. They represent a good selection which allows one to put issues that were discussed during the conference into perspective. It is possible to evaluate the success of an initiative by using several indices. In relation to attendees, the conference had 311 participants from 22 countries, who presented 341 works. About 86% of the participants came from South American countries. These figures allow one to classify this Dynamics Days conference as that with the greatest number of attendees ever. Finally, we would like to express our gratitude to all the participants for their presentations, discussions, and remarkable interactions with one another. The tireless work undertaken by all the members of the International Advisory Committee and the Organizing Committee must also be recognized. We also wish to express our deep appreciation for the Scientific Societies and Research Support Agencies which supported the conference and provided all the resources which were necessary to make this idea of a South American Dynamics Days come true. Elbert E N Macau, Tiago Pereira, Antonio F B A Prado, Luiz F R Turci, and Othon C WinterEditors Conference photograph Conference photograph Conference photograph Conference photograph International Advisory Committee Adilson E MotterNorthwestern UniversityEvanston - IL - USA Alfredo OzorioCentro Brasileiro de Pesquisas FísicasRio de Janeiro - RJ - Brazil Celso Grebogi (Chair)University of AberdeenAberdeen - UK Ed OttUniversity of MarylandCollege Park - MD - USA Epaminondas Rosa JrIllinois State UniversityNormal - IL - USA Hans Ingo WeberPontifícia Universidade CatólicaRio de Janeiro - RJ - Brazil Holger KantzMax Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex SystemsDresden - Germany Jason Gallas (Co-chair)Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do SulPorto Alegre - RS - Brazil José Roberto Rios LeiteUniv. Federal de PernanbucoRecife - PE - Brazil Jürgen KurthsPotsdam Institute for climate Impact ResearchHumboldt University, Berlin - Germany Kenneth ShowalterWest Virginia UniversityMorgantown - WV - USA Lou PecoraNaval Research LabWashington - DC - USA Luis Antonio AguirreUniversidade Federal de Minas GeraisBelo Horizonte - MG - Brazil Marcelo VianaIMPA - Instituto Nacional de Matemática Pura e AplicadaRio de Janeiro - RJ - Brazil Miguel A F SanjuánUniversidad Rey Juan CarlosMadrid - Spain Paulo Roberto de Souza MendesPontifícia Universidade CatólicaRio de Janeiro - RJ - Brazil Roland KorbeleUniversidade de São PauloSão Carlos - SP - Brazil Rubens SampaioPontifícia Universidade CatólicaRio de Ja

Macau, Elbert E. N.; Pereira, Tiago; Prado, Antonio F. B. A.; Turci, Luiz F. R.; Winter, Othon C.



EDITORIAL: Focus on Quantum Control  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Control of quantum phenomena has grown from a dream to a burgeoning field encompassing wide-ranging experimental and theoretical activities. Theoretical research in this area primarily concerns identification of the principles for controlling quantum phenomena, the exploration of new experimental applications and the development of associated operational algorithms to guide such experiments. Recent experiments with adaptive feedback control span many applications including selective excitation, wave packet engineering and control in the presence of complex environments. Practical procedures are also being developed to execute real-time feedback control considering the resultant back action on the quantum system. This focus issue includes papers covering many of the latest advances in the field. Focus on Quantum Control Contents Control of quantum phenomena: past, present and future Constantin Brif, Raj Chakrabarti and Herschel Rabitz Biologically inspired molecular machines driven by light. Optimal control of a unidirectional rotor Guillermo Pérez-Hernández, Adam Pelzer, Leticia González and Tamar Seideman Simulating quantum search algorithm using vibronic states of I2 manipulated by optimally designed gate pulses Yukiyoshi Ohtsuki Efficient coherent control by sequences of pulses of finite duration Götz S Uhrig and Stefano Pasini Control by decoherence: weak field control of an excited state objective Gil Katz, Mark A Ratner and Ronnie Kosloff Multi-qubit compensation sequences Y Tomita, J T Merrill and K R Brown Environment-invariant measure of distance between evolutions of an open quantum system Matthew D Grace, Jason Dominy, Robert L Kosut, Constantin Brif and Herschel Rabitz Simplified quantum process tomography M P A Branderhorst, J Nunn, I A Walmsley and R L Kosut Achieving 'perfect' molecular discrimination via coherent control and stimulated emission Stephen D Clow, Uvo C Holscher and Thomas C Weinacht A convenient method to simulate and visually represent two-photon power spectra of arbitrarily and adaptively shaped broadband laser pulses M A Montgomery and N H Damrauer Accurate and efficient implementation of the von Neumann representation for laser pulses with discrete and finite spectra Frank Dimler, Susanne Fechner, Alexander Rodenberg, Tobias Brixner and David J Tannor Coherent strong-field control of multiple states by a single chirped femtosecond laser pulse M Krug, T Bayer, M Wollenhaupt, C Sarpe-Tudoran, T Baumert, S S Ivanov and N V Vitanov Quantum-state measurement of ionic Rydberg wavepackets X Zhang and R R Jones On the paradigm of coherent control: the phase-dependent light-matter interaction in the shaping window Tiago Buckup, Jurgen Hauer and Marcus Motzkus Use of the spatial phase of a focused laser beam to yield mechanistic information about photo-induced chemical reactions V J Barge, Z Hu and R J Gordon Coherent control of multiple vibrational excitations for optimal detection S D McGrane, R J Scharff, M Greenfield and D S Moore Mode selectivity with polarization shaping in the mid-IR David B Strasfeld, Chris T Middleton and Martin T Zanni Laser-guided relativistic quantum dynamics Chengpu Liu, Markus C Kohler, Karen Z Hatsagortsyan, Carsten Muller and Christoph H Keitel Continuous quantum error correction as classical hybrid control Hideo Mabuchi Quantum filter reduction for measurement-feedback control via unsupervised manifold learning Anne E B Nielsen, Asa S Hopkins and Hideo Mabuchi Control of the temporal profile of the local electromagnetic field near metallic nanostructures Ilya Grigorenko and Anatoly Efimov Laser-assisted molecular orientation in gaseous media: new possibilities and applications Dmitry V Zhdanov and Victor N Zadkov Optimization of laser field-free orientation of a state-selected NO molecular sample Arnaud Rouzee, Arjan Gijsbertsen, Omair Ghafur, Ofer M Shir, Thomas Back, Steven Stolte and Marc J J Vrakking Controlling the sense of molecular rotation Sharly Fleischer, Yuri Khodorkovsky, Yehiam Prior and Ilya Sh Averbukh Optimal control of interacting particles: a

Rabitz, Herschel



Interglacial climate dynamics and advanced time series analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Studying the climate dynamics of past interglacials (IGs) helps to better assess the anthropogenically influenced dynamics of the current IG, the Holocene. We select the IG portions from the EPICA Dome C ice core archive, which covers the past 800 ka, to apply methods of statistical time series analysis (Mudelsee 2010). The analysed variables are deuterium/H (indicating temperature) (Jouzel et al. 2007), greenhouse gases (Siegenthaler et al. 2005, Loulergue et al. 2008, L¨ü thi et al. 2008) and a model-co-derived climate radiative forcing (Köhler et al. 2010). We select additionally high-resolution sea-surface-temperature records from the marine sedimentary archive. The first statistical method, persistence time estimation (Mudelsee 2002) lets us infer the 'climate memory' property of IGs. Second, linear regression informs about long-term climate trends during IGs. Third, ramp function regression (Mudelsee 2000) is adapted to look on abrupt climate changes during IGs. We compare the Holocene with previous IGs in terms of these mathematical approaches, interprete results in a climate context, assess uncertainties and the requirements to data from old IGs for yielding results of 'acceptable' accuracy. This work receives financial support from the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (Project ClimSens within the DFG Research Priority Program INTERDYNAMIK) and the European Commission (Marie Curie Initial Training Network LINC, No. 289447, within the 7th Framework Programme). References Jouzel J, Masson-Delmotte V, Cattani O, Dreyfus G, Falourd S, Hoffmann G, Minster B, Nouet J, Barnola JM, Chappellaz J, Fischer H, Gallet JC, Johnsen S, Leuenberger M, Loulergue L, Luethi D, Oerter H, Parrenin F, Raisbeck G, Raynaud D, Schilt A, Schwander J, Selmo E, Souchez R, Spahni R, Stauffer B, Steffensen JP, Stenni B, Stocker TF, Tison JL, Werner M, Wolff EW (2007) Orbital and millennial Antarctic climate variability over the past 800,000 years. Science 317:793. Köhler P, Bintanja R, Fischer H, Joos F, Knutti R, Lohmann G, Masson-Delmotte V (2010) What caused Earth's temperature variations during the last 800,000 years? Data-based evidence on radiative forcing and constraints on climate sensitivity. Quaternary Science Reviews 29:129. Loulergue L, Schilt A, Spahni R, Masson-Delmotte V, Blunier T, Lemieux B, Barnola J-M, Raynaud D, Stocker TF, Chappellaz J (2008) Orbital and millennial-scale features of atmospheric CH4 over the past 800,000 years. Nature 453:383. L¨ü thi D, Le Floch M, Bereiter B, Blunier T, Barnola J-M, Siegenthaler U, Raynaud D, Jouzel J, Fischer H, Kawamura K, Stocker TF (2008) High-resolution carbon dioxide concentration record 650,000-800,000 years before present. Nature 453:379. Mudelsee M (2000) Ramp function regression: A tool for quantifying climate transitions. Computers and Geosciences 26:293. Mudelsee M (2002) TAUEST: A computer program for estimating persistence in unevenly spaced weather/climate time series. Computers and Geosciences 28:69. Mudelsee M (2010) Climate Time Series Analysis: Classical Statistical and Bootstrap Methods. Springer, Dordrecht, 474 pp. [] Siegenthaler U, Stocker TF, Monnin E, L¨ü thi D, Schwander J, Stauffer B, Raynaud D, Barnola J-M, Fischer H, Masson-Delmotte V, Jouzel J (2005) Stable carbon cycle-climate relationship during the late Pleistocene. Science 310:1313.

Mudelsee, Manfred; Bermejo, Miguel; Köhler, Peter; Lohmann, Gerrit



On the linkages between the global carbon-nitrogen-phosphorus cycles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

State-of-the-art earth system models used for long-term climate projections are becoming ever more complex in terms of not only spatial resolution but also the number of processes. Biogeochemical processes are beginning to be incorporated into these models. The motivation of this study is to quantify how climate projections are influenced by biogeochemical feedbacks. In the climate modeling community, it is virtually accepted that climate-Carbon (C) cycle feedbacks accelerate the future warming (Cox et al. 2000; Friedlingstein et al. 2006). It has been demonstrated that the Nitrogen (N) cycle suppresses climate-C cycle feedbacks (Thornton et al. 2009). On the contrary, biogeochemical studies show that the coupled C-N-Phosphorus (P) cycles are intimately interlinked via biosphere and the N-P cycles amplify C cycle feedbacks (Ver et al. 1999). The question as to whether the N-P cycles enhance or attenuate C cycle feedbacks is debated and has a significant implication for projections of future climate. We delve into this problem by using the Terrestrial-Ocean-aTmosphere Ecosystem Model 3 (TOTEM3), a globally-aggregated C-N-P cycle box model. TOTEM3 is a process-based model that describes the biogeochemical reactions and physical transports involving these elements in the four domains of the Earth system: land, atmosphere, coastal ocean, and open ocean. TOTEM3 is a successor of earlier TOTEM models (Ver et al. 1999; Mackenzie et al. 2011). In our presentation, we provide an overview of fundamental features and behaviors of TOTEM3 such as the mass balance at the steady state and the relaxation time scales to various types of perturbation. We also show preliminary results to investigate how the N-P cycles influence the behavior of the C cycle. References Cox PM, Betts RA, Jones CD, Spall SA, Totterdell IJ (2000) Acceleration of global warming due to carbon-cycle feedbacks in a coupled climate model. Nature, 408, 184-187. Friedlingstein P, Cox P, Betts R, Bopp L, von Bloh W, Brovkin V, Cadule P, Doney S, Eby M, Fung I, Bala G, John J, Jones C, Joos F, Kato T, Kawamiya M, Knorr W, Lindsay K, Matthews HD, Raddatz T, Rayner P, Reick C, Roeckner E, Schnitzler KG, Schnur R, Strassmann K, Weaver AJ, Yoshikawa C, Zeng N (2006) Climate-Carbon Cycle Feedback Analysis: Results from the C4MIP Model Intercomparison. Journal of Climate, 19, 3337-3353. Mackenzie FT, De Carlo EH, Lerman A (2011) Coupled C, N, P, and O biogeochemical cycling at the land-ocean interface. In: Wolanski E, McLusky DS (eds) Treatise on Estuarine and Coastal Science, vol 5. Academic Press, Waltham, pp 317-342. Thornton PE, Doney SC, Lindsay K, Moore JK, Mahowald N, Randerson JT, Fung I, Lamarque JF, Feddema JJ, Lee YH (2009) Carbon-nitrogen interactions regulate climate-carbon cycle feedbacks: results from an atmosphere-ocean general circulation model. Biogeosciences, 6, 2099-2120. Ver LMB, Mackenzie FT, Lerman A (1999) Biogeochemical responses of the carbon cycle to natural and human perturbations: Past, present, and future. American Journal of Science, 299, 762-801.

Tanaka, Katsumasa; Mackenzie, Fred; Bouchez, Julien; Knutti, Reto



Quantitative multiplex detection of biomarkers on a waveguide-based biosensor using quantum dots  

SciTech Connect

The quantitative, simultaneous detection of multiple biomarkers with high sensitivity and specificity is critical for biomedical diagnostics, drug discovery and biomarker characterization [Wilson 2006, Tok 2006, Straub 2005, Joos 2002, Jani 2000]. Detection systems relying on optical signal transduction are, in general, advantageous because they are fast, portable, inexpensive, sensitive, and have the potential for multiplex detection of analytes of interest. However, conventional immunoassays for the detection of biomarkers, such as the Enzyme Linked Immunosorbant Assays (ELISAs) are semi-quantitative, time consuming and insensitive. ELISA assays are also limited by high non-specific binding, especially when used with complex biological samples such as serum and urine (REF). Organic fluorophores that are commonly used in such applications lack photostability and possess a narrow Stoke's shift that makes simultaneous detection of multiple fluorophores with a single excitation source difficult, thereby restricting their use in multiplex assays. The above limitations with traditional assay platforms have resulted in the increased use of nanotechnology-based tools and techniques in the fields of medical imaging [ref], targeted drug delivery [Caruthers 2007, Liu 2007], and sensing [ref]. One such area of increasing interest is the use of semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) for biomedical research and diagnostics [Gao and Cui 2004, Voura 2004, Michalet 2005, Chan 2002, Jaiswal 2004, Gao 2005, Medintz 2005, So 2006 2006, Wu 2003]. Compared to organic dyes, QDs provide several advantages for use in immunoassay platforms, including broad absorption bands with high extinction coefficients, narrow and symmetric emission bands with high quantum yields, high photostablility, and a large Stokes shift [Michalet 2005, Gu 2002]. These features prompted the use of QDs as probes in biodetection [Michalet 2005, Medintz 2005]. For example, Jaiswal et al. reported long term multiple color imaging of live cells using QD-bioconjugates [Jaiswal 2003]. Gao [Gao 2004] and So [So 2006] have used QDs as probes for in-vivo cancer targeting and imaging. Medintz et al. reported self-assembled QD-based biosensors for detection of analytes based on energy transfer [Medintz 2003]. Others have developed an approach for multiplex optical encoding of biomolecules using QDs [Han 2001]. Immunoassays have also benefited from the advantages of QDs. Recently, dihydrolipoic acid (DHLA) capped-QDs have been attached to antibodies and used as fluorescence reporters in plate-based multiplex immunoassays [Goodman 2004]. However, DHLA-QDs are associated with low quantum efficiency and are unstable at neutral pH. These problems limit the application of this technology to the sensitive detection of biomolecules, especially in complex biological samples. Thus, the development of a rapid, sensitive, quantitative, and specific multiplex platform for the detection of biomarkers in difficult samples remains an elusive target. The goal stated above has applications in many fields including medical diagnostics, biological research, and threat reduction. The current decade alone has seen the development of a need to rapidly and accurately detect potential biological warfare agents. For example, current methods for the detection of anthrax are grossly inadequate for a variety of reasons including long incubation time (5 days from time of exposure to onset of symptoms) and non-specific ('flu-like') symptoms. When five employees of the United State Senate were exposed to B. anthracis in the mail (2001), only one patient had a confirmed diagnosis before death. Since then, sandwich immunoassays using both colorimetric and fluorescence detectors have been developed for key components of the anthrax lethal toxin, namely protective antigen (PA), lethal factor (LF), and the edema factor [Mourez 2001]. While these platforms were successful in assays against anthrax toxins, the sensitivity was poor. Furthermore, no single platform exists for the simultaneous and quantitative detection of mul

Xie, Hongzhi [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mukundan, Harshini [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Martinez, Jennifer S [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Swanson, Basil I [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Anderson, Aaron S [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Grace, Kevin [Los Alamos National Laboratory



A new graphical version of STROTAB: The analysis and fitting of singlet triplet spectra of asymmetric top molecules in the prolate or oblate limits  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The original version of STROTAB has been modified to run under Microsoft Windows using the C++ programming language. The new version takes full advantage of the Microsoft Foundation Classes available within the Microsoft Visual C++ Version 6 development environment. Specifically, windows can be created that edit the input file, summarize the results of the least-squares fit, display the calculated and observed spectra, display whole or partial sections of the calculated spectra as a stick or Gaussian de-convoluted spectrum. A listing of the rotational quantum numbers in the cases (a) and (b) limits for each of the displayed lines is provided. A branch annotating routine provides a quick visual guide to the assignment of the spectrum. A new eigenvalue sorting method has been added as an option that complements the existing method based on the eigenvector coefficients. The new sorting method has eliminated some difficulties that may arise using the existing "Least Ambiguous Method". The program has been extended to handle near-oblate asymmetric tops using a type III r representation. New version summaryTitle of program: STROTAB Version number: 2 Catalogue identifier:ADCA_v2_0 Program summary URL: Program obtainable from:CPC Program Library, Queen's University of Belfast, N. Ireland Reference in CPC to previous version: 93 (1996) 241-264 Catalog identifier of previous version: ADCA Authors of previous version: R.H. Judge, E.D. Womeldorf, R.A. Morris, D.E. Shimp, D.J. Clouthier, D.L. Joo, D.C. Moule Does the new version supersede the original program: Yes Computers for which the program is designed and others on which it has been tested: Pentium Xenon, Pentium Pro and Later Operating systems or monitors under which program has been tested: Windows 98, Windows 2000, Windows XP Programming language used in the new version: ANSI C, C++, Microsoft Foundation Class (MFC) No. of lines in distributed program, including test data, etc.:11 913 No. of bytes in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 2 816 652 Memory required to execute with typical data: 7 Meg No of bits in a word: 16 No of processors used: 1 Has the code been vectorized or parallelized?: No No. of bytes in distributed program, including test data, etc.: ˜3.2 MB (compressed) Distribution format: zip file Additional keywords:near oblate top, bootstrap eigenvalue sorting, graphical environment, band contour Nature of physical problem: The least-squares/band contour fitting of the singlet-triplet spectra of asymmetric tops of orthorhombic symmetry using a basis set appropriate to the symmetric top limit (prolate or oblate) of the molecule in either Hund's case (a) or case (b) coupling situations. Method of solution: The calculation of the eigenvectors and eigenvalues remains unchanged from the earlier version. An option to sort the eigenvalues of the current J by fitting them to regular progressions formed from earlier J values (bootstrap method) can be used as an option in place of the existing method based on eigenvector coefficients. Reasons for the new version: The earlier version can only handle oblate tops by diagonalizing using the prolate limit. This has turned out to be unacceptable. An improved method of sorting eigenvalues under certain conditions is also needed. A graphical interface has been added to ease the use of the program. Summary of revisions: The Hamiltonian can now be constructed in a limit appropriate the representation for of the molecule. Sorting by an alternate method is now offered. Numerous graphical features have been added. Restrictions on complexity of the problem: The rotational quantum number restrictions are J?255 and K (or P) ?127. The allowed transition frequency minus the band origin frequency must be in the range of ±10 000 cm -1. Up to five decimal places may be reported. The number of observed lines is limited by the dynamic memory and the amount of disk space available. Only molecules of symmetry D 2h, D 2 and C 2v can be accommodated in this version. Only constant

Kodet, John; Judge, Richard H.