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1

Practice Parameter for the Assessment and Treatment of Youth in Juvenile Detention and Correctional Facilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This practice parameter presents recommendations for the mental health assessment and treatment of youths in juvenile detention and correctional facilities. Mental and substance-related disorders are significant public health problems affecting youths in juvenile justice settings. Sufficient time is necessary to conduct a comprehensive diagnostic…

Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 2005

2005-01-01

2

Critical Factors in Mental Health Programming for Juveniles in Corrections Facilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Juveniles with mental health and other specialized needs are overrepresented in the juvenile justice system, and while juvenile corrections have not historically provided standardized and evidence-based mental health services for its incarcerated youth, the demand is evident. The reality is that juveniles with serious mental illness are committed…

Underwood, Lee A.; Phillips, Annie; von Dresner, Kara; Knight, Pamela D.

2006-01-01

3

Mental Disorders among Adolescents in Juvenile Detention and Correctional Facilities: A Systematic Review and Metaregression Analysis of 25 Surveys  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article presents a meta-analysis of all existing surveys on the prevalence of psychiatric morbidity in adolescents in juvenile detention and correctional facilities in order to assess the prevalence of mental disorders. Findings indicate adolescents in detention are 10 times more likely to suffer from psychosis than the general adolescent…

Fazel, Seena; Doll, Helen; Langstrom, Niklas

2008-01-01

4

The Status and Praxis of Arts Education and Juvenile Offenders in Correctional Facilities in the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article briefly describes the results of a study, funded in 2001 by The National Art Education Foundation, of arts education in juvenile correctional facilities in the United States. It summarizes the results of a national survey, and it presents the Northeastern Training School* and STUDIO 200* as a model for community-based arts…

Williams, Rachel Marie-Crane

2008-01-01

5

Children in Custody: Public Juvenile Facilities, 1985. Bureau of Justice Statistics Bulletin.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A total of 1,040 publicly operated state and local juvenile detention, correction, and shelter facilities held 49,322 juvenile residents on February 1, 1985, an increase of 1% from the previous year. About 93% of the juveniles were accused of, or had been convicted for, acts which would be criminal offenses if committed by adults. Most of the rest…

Sickmund, Melissa; Baunach, Phyllis Jo

6

Jail Pedagogy: Liberatory Education inside a California Juvenile Detention Facility  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Approximately 2 million juveniles are arrested each year. Half are sentenced to serve terms of incarceration. Although many scholars have written about teaching in detention facilities, few directly address how prisoners are being taught. This research explores the experiences, teaching philosophy, and practices of correctional educators. To learn…

Flores, Jerry

2012-01-01

7

Psychiatric and Medical Health Care Policies in Juvenile Detention Facilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study aims to examine the existing health care policies in U.S. juvenile detention centres. The results conclude that juvenile detention facilities have many shortfalls in providing care for adolescents, particularly mental health care.

Pajer, Kathleen A.; Kelleher, Kelly; Gupta, Ravindra A.; Rolls, Jennifer; Gardner, William

2007-01-01

8

Intensive Reading Instruction in Juvenile Correctional Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite 60 years of evidence linking juvenile illiteracy and delinquency, practitioners and policymakers have been painfully slow in the implementation of evidence-based reading interventions for incarcerated juveniles. We will present the Texas Juvenile Justice Tiered Instructional Model, an evidence-based reading program model created…

Williams, Jacob L.; Wexler, Jade; Roberts, Greg; Carpenter, Clint

2011-01-01

9

Substance Use and HIV Prevention for Youth in Correctional Facilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evidence-based programs for substance use and HIV prevention (SUHIP) were adapted for high-risk juveniles detained at 24-hour secure correctional facilities. In this pilot study, comparisons were made between adolescents who received the SUHIP intervention and a control group on changes in: (1) knowledge of HIV prevention behaviors, (2) attitudes…

Mouttapa, Michele; Watson, Donnie W.; McCuller, William J.; Reiber, Chris; Tsai, Winnie

2009-01-01

10

Resiliency in Adolescent Males in a Correctional Facility  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of this qualitative study was to establish the existing positive factors in the lives of 18 juvenile males living in a low-security correctional facility in order to determine approaches which foster resiliency. Urie Bronfenbrenner's Ecological Systems Theory, an approach to understanding human development within the context of the…

Feinstein, Sheryl; Baartman, Jyl; Buboltz, Michelle; Sonnichsen, Kim; Solomon, Rebekka

2008-01-01

11

Effective Instructional Practices in Juvenile Justice Facilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The majority of youths involved with the juvenile justice system struggle to make academic progress. This article reviews the characteristics of youths in these settings and highlights evidence-based instructional practices that are effective with struggling students, as well as practices that have been documented as successful in secure…

Mathur, Sarup R.; Schoenfeld, Naomi

2010-01-01

12

The Association between Suicide Screening Practices and Attempts Requiring Emergency Care in Juvenile Justice Facilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To provide a national description of suicide screening practices in juvenile residential facilities and to examine their association with whether facilities experience a suicide attempt. Method: Multivariate modeling with data from the 2000 Juvenile Residential Facility Census (n = 3690 facilities). Results: Controlling for facility

Gallagher, Catherine A.; Dobrin, Adam

2005-01-01

13

76 FR 11337 - Presidential Library Facilities; Correction  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...NARA-07-0005] RIN 3095-AA82 Presidential Library Facilities; Correction AGENCY: National...and design standards for Presidential libraries and information required in NARA's...facility, and equipment as a Presidential library. DATES: This regulation is...

2011-03-02

14

Assessing the Security Vulnerabilities of Correctional Facilities  

SciTech Connect

The National Institute of Justice has tasked their Satellite Facility at Sandia National Laboratories and their Southeast Regional Technology Center in Charleston, South Carolina to devise new procedures and tools for helping correctional facilities to assess their security vulnerabilities. Thus, a team is visiting selected correctional facilities and performing vulnerability assessments. A vulnerability assessment helps to identi~ the easiest paths for inmate escape, for introduction of contraband such as drugs or weapons, for unexpected intrusion fi-om outside of the facility, and for the perpetration of violent acts on other inmates and correctional employees, In addition, the vulnerability assessment helps to quantify the security risks for the facility. From these initial assessments will come better procedures for performing vulnerability assessments in general at other correctional facilities, as well as the development of tools to assist with the performance of such vulnerability assessments.

Morrison, G.S.; Spencer, D.S.

1998-10-27

15

Perimeter security for Minnesota correctional facilities  

SciTech Connect

For the past few years, the Minnesota Department of Corrections, assisted by Sandia National Laboratories, has developed a set of standards for perimeter security at medium, close, and maximum custody correctional facilities in the state. During this process, the threat to perimeter security was examined and concepts about correctional perimeter security were developed. This presentation and paper will review the outcomes of this effort, some of the lessons learned, and the concepts developed during this process and in the course of working with architects, engineers and construction firms as the state upgraded perimeter security at some facilities and planned new construction at other facilities.

Crist, D. [Minnesota Department of Corrections, St. Paul, MN (United States); Spencer, D.D. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1996-12-31

16

Juvenile Counselor Cutoff Score Report. Standards and Training for Corrections Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet provides information about the Juvenile Counselor Examination developed as part of the evaluation procedures for juvenile counselor candidates in the Standards and Training for Corrections program in California. The four sections of the booklet (1) review the nature and purpose of cutoff scores in general; (2) recommend and justify a…

California State Board of Corrections, Sacramento.

17

Assessing Youth Strengths in a Residential Juvenile Correctional Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessments and case plans that identify and build upon the strengths of clients, their families and communities are increasingly being used in many fields of practice, but are only beginning to be introduced in juvenile justice settings. This article describes a strengths-based assessment tool developed specifically for use in juvenile justice…

Barton, William H.; Mackin, Juliette R.; Fields, Jerrold

2006-01-01

18

Facility-Level Characteristics Associated with Serious Suicide Attempts and Deaths from Suicide in Juvenile Justice Residential Facilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Little is known about how facility-level characteristics affect the risk of suicide and suicide attempts in juvenile justice residential facilities. This leaves facility administrators and mental health providers without evidence-based guidance on how the facility itself affects risks. The current study uses data from two recently developed…

Gallagher, Catherine A.; Dobrin, Adam

2006-01-01

19

Evaluation of Juvenile Fish Bypass and Adult Fish Passage Facilities at Water Diversions on the Umatilla River; 1994 Annual Report  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report on our progress from October 1993 through September 1994 in evaluating juvenile salmonid bypass facilities and juvenile salmonid passage through ladder facilities, and investigating passage conditions for juvenile fish at diversion dam facilities on the lower Umatilla River in northeastern Oregon. We also report on our progress in evaluating adult salmonid passage at and between dams on the

Suzanne M

1995-01-01

20

Learning behind Bars: Selected Educational Programs from Juvenile, Jail and Prison Facilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes briefly a number of highly effective educational programs in correctional settings. The programs are divided into three sections: juvenile correctional education, local detention/community correctional education, and prison education. Information provided for each program includes address and telephone number; type of…

Sawyer, Richard; Cosgrove, Susan, Ed.

21

Cognitive and academic functioning of juvenile detainees: Implications for correctional populations and public health  

PubMed Central

Cognitive functioning affects health. This study assessed cognitive functioning among participants in the Northwestern Juvenile Project, a stratified random sample of 1,829 newly detained juveniles (10-18 years old) from Cook County, Illinois. We examined receptive vocabulary, oral reading, arithmetic computation skills, and general intellectual abilities. Our sample exhibited impaired overall intellectual functioning and deficits in all areas. Males performed more poorly than females overall. More than three-quarters of males showed below average overall intellectual functioning, and nine in ten males had below average receptive vocabulary skills. Hispanic and African American males performed more poorly than non-Hispanic white males; The multiple systems that serve delinquent youth—correctional, health, legal, and rehabilitative—must collaborate to tailor needed services to the cognitive level of youth in the juvenile justice system. PMID:24352405

Lansing, Amy E.; Washburn, Jason J.; Abram, Karen M.; Thomas, Ursula C.; Welty, Leah J.; Teplin, Linda A.

2014-01-01

22

Adapting Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports for Secure Juvenile Justice Settings: Improving Facility-Wide Behavior  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The popularity and success of positive behavioral interventions and supports (PBIS) in public schools across the United States has led professionals to advocate for its implementation in secure juvenile settings. Statewide implementation efforts have been mounted in several jurisdictions, and a number of secure facilities are applying it with…

Jolivette, Kristine; Nelson, C. Michael

2010-01-01

23

Special Education in Juvenile Residential Facilities: Can Animals Help?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Children with emotional\\/behavioral disorders (EBD) are arguably one of the highest at-risk groups for dropping out before graduating high school. They are the group of students with disabilities who are most likely to be educated in residential facilities. Residential facilities such as Green Chimneys have incorporated animals into the treatment milieu with success. Animals have been used in various settings

Sally E. Thigpen; Stephanie K. Ellis; Rebecca G. Smith

24

Professional Development: A Capacity-Building Model for Juvenile Correctional Education Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Youth in correctional facilities experience a broad range of educational, psychological, medical, and social needs. Professional development, a systemic process that improves the likelihood of student success by enhancing educator abilities, is a powerful way to positively affect student outcomes in correctional settings. This article offers a…

Mathur, Sarup R.; Clark, Heather Griller; Schoenfeld, Naomi A.

2009-01-01

25

TB in Correctional Facilities Is a Public Health Concern  

MedlinePLUS

... CDC Features TB in Correctional Facilities is a Public Health Concern Share Compartir Diagnosing and treating TB in ... the community with untreated TB present a serious public health concern. Figure 1 (larger view). TB Control in ...

26

From Corrections to Community: The Juvenile Reentry Experience as Characterized by Multiple Systems Involvement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Chapin Hall report describes findings on the extent of system involvement among Illinois youth released from correctional facilities, tracking a population of youth under age 18 in Illinois following their release. Using administrative records, researchers develop profiles of reentry experiences across the many systems that serve youth and…

Cusick, Gretchen Ruth; Goerge, Robert M.; Bell, Katie Claussen

2009-01-01

27

Warehousing or Rehabilitation? Public Schooling in the Juvenile Justice System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines juvenile correctional facilities, populations served, and educational programs offered. Statistics on social indicators for young African American males, who are overrepresented in the juvenile correctional system, create a profile of incarcerated youth. Examines the role of special education programs in placing young African American…

Morrison, Harriet R.; Epps, Beverly D.

2002-01-01

28

Evaluation of Juvenile Fish Bypass and Adult Fish Facilities at Water Diversions in the Umatilla River; 1992 Annual Report  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report on our progress from October 1991 through September 1992 in evaluating juvenile fish bypass facilities at Three Mile Falls and Westland dams on the Umatilla River. We also report on our progress from October 1991 through June 1992 in evaluating adult fish passage in the lower Umatilla River and adult fish passage facilities at Three Mile Falls Dam.

Suzanne M

1993-01-01

29

High School Education in Correctional Facilities. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the advent of "Get tough on crime" and "Three strikes" in the 1980s and 1990s, correctional facilities have become overloaded with prisoners who are often repeat offenders. 51% of those imprisoned have a GED or high school diploma. Out of the remaining 49%, 36% of inmates had not completed the ninth grade and approximately a quarter of them…

Walker, Karen

2006-01-01

30

Evaluation of Juvenile Salmonid Bypass Facilities and Passage at Water Diversions on the Lower Umatilla River; 1991-1995 Final Report  

Microsoft Academic Search

Outdated juvenile and adult fish passage facilities were recently reconstructed at the five major irrigation dams on the lower Umatilla River, Oregon to meet National marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) design standards. Changes in design at juvenile fish bypass facilities included reduced mesh size on the rotating drum screens, larger screening area, a more oblique orientation of the drum screens to

William A. Cameron; Suzanne M. Knapp; Richard W. Carmichael

1997-01-01

31

Validation of Blockage Interference Corrections in the National Transonic Facility  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A validation test has recently been constructed for wall interference methods as applied to the National Transonic Facility (NTF). The goal of this study was to begin to address the uncertainty of wall-induced-blockage interference corrections, which will make it possible to address the overall quality of data generated by the facility. The validation test itself is not specific to any particular modeling. For this present effort, the Transonic Wall Interference Correction System (TWICS) as implemented at the NTF is the mathematical model being tested. TWICS uses linear, potential boundary conditions that must first be calibrated. These boundary conditions include three different classical, linear. homogeneous forms that have been historically used to approximate the physical behavior of longitudinally slotted test section walls. Results of the application of the calibrated wall boundary conditions are discussed in the context of the validation test.

Walker, Eric L.

2007-01-01

32

Minthorn Springs Creek Summer Juvenile Release and Adult Collection Facility; Operation, Maintenance and Evaluation of the Bonifer and Minthorn Springs Juvenile Release and Adult Collection Facilities, 1989 Annual Report  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation and Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW) are cooperating in a joint effort to increase steelhead and re-establish salmon runs in the Umatilla River Basin. As part of this program, Bonifer and Minthorn Acclimation Facilities are operated for holding and spawning adult steelhead and acclimation and release of juvenile salmon and

Peter T. Lofy; Gerald D. Rowan

1990-01-01

33

Metamorphosis: How Missouri Rehabilitates Juvenile Offenders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Juveniles convicted of serious offenses usually end up in large correctional facilities that focus on punishment--not rehabilitation. The state of Missouri, however, has found a better way to help end the cycle of crime: by creating a network of small facilities that provide therapy and educational opportunities, it has dramatically reduced…

Dubin, Jennifer

2012-01-01

34

Minority Youth in the Juvenile Justice System: A Judicial Response.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Minority youth are disproportionately represented in the juvenile justice system, and their numbers in arrest statistics and in correctional facilities suggest that comprehensive strategies are needed to address these problems. The National Council of Juvenile Family Court Judges has undertaken an intensive examination of the problems of…

Juvenile & Family Court Journal, 1994

1994-01-01

35

Operation, Maintenance and Evaluation of the Bonifer and Minthorn Springs Juvenile Release and Adult Collection Facilities, 1988 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect

The Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation and Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife are cooperating in a joint effort to increase steelhead and re-establish salmon runs in the Umatilla River Basin. As part of this program, Bonifer and Minthorn Acclimation Facilities are operated for holding adult steelhead and acclimation and release of juvenile steelhead and salmon. This report details the projects and maintenance done during 1988.

Lofy, Peter T.

1989-12-01

36

Operation, Maintenance, and Evaluation of the Bonifer and Minthorn Springs Juvenile Release and Adult Collection Facilities, 1987 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect

The Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation and Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife are cooperating in a joint effort to increase steelhead and re-establish salmon runs in the Umatilla River Basin. As part of this program, Bonifer and Minthorn Acclimation Facilities are operated for holding adult steelhead and acclimation and release of juvenile steelhead and salmon. This report details the projects and maintenance done during 1987.

Lofy, Peter T.

1988-12-01

37

Restructuring Juvenile Corrections in California: A Report to the State Legislature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Youth corrections in California is at a crossroads. In response to the near universal recognition of California's failed approach to youth corrections, Governor Schwarzenegger, with support from the California Legislature, has launched one of the largest restructuring initiatives of youth corrections in state history. Reforms currently underway…

Nadel-Hayes, Sele; Macallair, Daniel

2005-01-01

38

Pit-Tag Studies with Juvenile Salmonids at the Chandler Canal Fish Collection Facility, Yakima River : Annual Report 1990.  

SciTech Connect

Juvenile salmonid survival studies planned for the Yakima Basin will require the release and recapture of large numbers of marked fish. Before these studies can be implemented, information is needed about potential recovery rates of marked fish at proposed sampling sites. The type of mark employed and the efficiency of the equipment used to capture and examine fish for marks must be evaluated since accurate survival estimates depend on their reliability. Recovery rates are expected to vary with species and life stage as well as environmental factors such as river flow and water temperature. The purpose of this study was to assess the mark-recovery capabilities of the Chandler facility and a mobile juvenile fish trap installed temporarily at West Richland, Washington near the mouth of the Yakima River.

Ruehle, Thomas E.; McCutcheon, Clinton Scott

1994-09-01

39

The Relationship Between Learning Disabilities and Juvenile Delinquency: A Link Based on Family and School  

E-print Network

This study investigated the relationship between learning disabilities and juvenile delinquency with regard to the environmental factors of family and school. Subjects were 90 student-inmates from a correctional facility (23 LD, 15 JD, 47 LD...

Hudson, Floyd G.; Stanley, Sandra O.

1981-04-01

40

Juvenile Counselor Validation Report and Technical Adequacy Report. Standards and Training for Corrections Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These two reports describe the research, analysis, and results of the second phase of a three-phase research study sponsored by the Standards and Training for Corrections Program (STC) of the California Board of Corrections. The validation report consists of seven chapters. Following an introductory chapter that explains the rationale for the…

California State Board of Corrections, Sacramento.

41

Juvenile Justice and Students with Disabilities: State Infrastructure and Initiatives. inForum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

According to data collected in 2003 by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), just over 96,000 youth were incarcerated in juvenile correctional facilities throughout the United States (not including those being held in detention). An additional 10,000 youth were in state prisons or adult jails during the same time,…

Muller, Eve

2006-01-01

42

The Effects of Two Types of Exposure on Attitudes toward Aspects of Juvenile Delinquency.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tracks the attitude changes of a group of abnormal psychology students following a tour of a juvenile correctional facility and a presentation by four of the inmates. A 25-item semantic differential scale revealed a noticeable improvement in the students' attitudes towards juvenile delinquents after the visit. (MJP)

LeUnes, Arnold; And Others

1996-01-01

43

A Method for Measuring Organizational Functioning in Juvenile Justice Facilities Using Resident Ratings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Institutional care is an enduring component of the continuum of care in the juvenile justice system, yet youth perceptions of the placement experience are often overlooked as a source of information about this practice. Little attention is paid to how institutional placements are received by youth as opposed to how they are conceived by the justice system. This article offers

Edward P. Mulvey; Carol A. Schubert; Candice A. Odgers

2010-01-01

44

28 CFR 115.388 - Data review for corrective action.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...for corrective action. 115.388 Section 115.388 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Juvenile Facilities Data Collection and Review § 115.388 Data...

2014-07-01

45

Patient health satisfaction survey in connecticut correctional facilities.  

PubMed

Although routine in the community, patient satisfaction surveys are relatively rare in correctional settings. This article describes the development of an instrument specifically adapted to the correctional environment and population, the statewide implementation of the survey, the initial results, and the quality improvement initiatives evolving from this effort. PMID:24659759

Tanguay, Sandra; Trestman, Robert; Weiskopf, Connie

2014-04-01

46

Motivational Interviewing Training for Juvenile Correctional Staff in California: One Year Initial Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reports initial results of a program designed to train California corrections staff (n = 576) in motivational interviewing (MI), a method of communication that is based on a client-centered, collaborative style. After three days of training, participants made significant gains in terms of knowledge of MI principles and reflective…

Hohman, Melinda; Doran, Neal; Koutsenok, Igor

2009-01-01

47

Public health response to a measles outbreak in a large correctional facility, Queensland, 2013.  

PubMed

This report documents the prompt, co-ordinated and effective public health response to a measles outbreak in Queensland in 2013. There were 17 cases in a large, high-security, regional correctional facility, a setting with unique challenges. Recommendations are provided to reduce the likelihood and magnitude of measles outbreaks in correctional facilities. Commun Dis Intell 2014;38(4):E294-E297. PMID:25631590

Chatterji, Madhumati; Baldwin, Anne M; Prakash, Rajendra; Vlack, Susan A; Lambert, Stephen B

2014-01-01

48

Juvenile Confinement in Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For more than a century, the predominant strategy for the treatment and punishment of serious and sometimes not-so-serious juvenile offenders in the United States has been placement into large juvenile corrections institutions, alternatively known as training schools, reformatories, or youth corrections centers. America's heavy reliance on…

Mendel, Richard A.

2012-01-01

49

The effect of rapid and sustained decompression on barotrauma in juvenile brook lamprey and Pacific lamprey: implications for passage at hydroelectric facilities  

SciTech Connect

Fish passing downstream through hydroelectric facilities may pass through hydroturbines where they experience a rapid decrease in barometric pressure as they pass by turbine blades, which can lead to barotraumas including swim bladder rupture, exopthalmia, emboli, and hemorrhaging. In juvenile Chinook salmon, the main mechanism for injury is thought to be expansion of existing gases (particularly those present in the swim bladder) and the rupture of the swim bladder ultimately leading to exopthalmia, emboli and hemorrhaging. In fish that lack a swim bladder, such as lamprey, the rate and severity of barotraumas due to rapid decompression may be reduced however; this has yet to be extensively studied. Another mechanism for barotrauma can be gases coming out of solution and the rate of this occurrence may vary among species. In this study, juvenile brook and Pacific lamprey acclimated to 146.2 kPa (equivalent to a depth of 4.6 m) were subjected to rapid (<1 sec; brook lamprey only) or sustained decompression (17 minutes) to a very low pressure (13.8 kPa) using a protocol previously applied to juvenile Chinook salmon. No mortality or evidence of barotraumas, as indicated by the presence of hemorrhages, emboli or exopthalmia, were observed during rapid or sustained decompression, nor following recovery for up to 120 h following sustained decompression. In contrast, mortality or injury would be expected for 97.5% of juvenile Chinook salmon exposed to a similar rapid decompression to these very low pressures. Additionally, juvenile Chinook salmon experiencing sustained decompression died within 7 minutes, accompanied by emboli in the fins and gills and hemorrhaging in the tissues. Thus, juvenile lamprey may not be susceptible to barotraumas associated with hydroturbine passage to the same degree as juvenile salmonids, and management of these species should be tailored to their specific morphological and physiological characteristics.

Colotelo, Alison HA; Pflugrath, Brett D.; Brown, Richard S.; Brauner, Colin J.; Mueller, Robert P.; Carlson, Thomas J.; Deng, Zhiqun; Ahmann, Martin L.; Trumbo, Bradly A.

2012-10-01

50

Minthorn Springs Creek Summer Juvenile Release and Adult Collection Facility; 1992 Annual Report  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CT'UIR) and Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW) are cooperating in a joint effort to supplement steelhead and re-establish salmon runs in the Umatilla River Basin. As an integral part of this program, Bonifer and Minthorn Acclimation Facilities are operated for holding and spawning adult steelhead and fall chinook salmon and

Gerald D

1993-01-01

51

28 CFR 115.377 - Corrective action for contractors and volunteers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...contractors and volunteers. 115.377 Section 115.377 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Juvenile Facilities Discipline § 115.377 Corrective action for...

2013-07-01

52

28 CFR 115.377 - Corrective action for contractors and volunteers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...contractors and volunteers. 115.377 Section 115.377 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Juvenile Facilities Discipline § 115.377 Corrective action for...

2012-07-01

53

Oral Health Status Among Women Inmates at Rikers Island Correctional Facility  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the oral health status [Decayed (D), Missing (M), and Filled (F) teeth (DMFI)J and dental experience of women detained by the New York City (N.Y.C.) Department of Corrections at Riker's Island Correctional Facility. The population (183) was 27.6 ± 5.8 years old and primarily black. The mean DMFT was 9.9, the percent D\\/DFT was 34.3, and percent

Victor Badner; Robert Margolin

1994-01-01

54

Resource Conservation and Recovery Act corrective measures study: Area 6 decontamination pond facility, corrective action unit no. 92  

SciTech Connect

Corrective Action Unit (CAU) No. 92, the Area 6 Decontamination Pond Facility (DPF), is an historic disposal unit located at the Nevada Test Site (NTS) in Nye County, Nevada (Figures 1 - 1, 1-2, and 1-3). The NTS is operated by the U.S. Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office (DOE/NV), which has been required by the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection (NDEP) to characterize the DPF under the requirements of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) Part A Permit (NDEP, 1995) for the NTS and Title 40 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 265 (1996c). The DPF is prioritized in the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO, 1996) but is governed by the permit. The DPF was characterized through sampling events in 1994, 1996, and 1997. The results of these sampling events are contained in the Final Resource Conservation and Recovery Act Industrial Site Environmental Restoration Site Characterization Report, Area 6 Decontamination Pond Facility, Revision I (DOE/NV, 1997). This Corrective Measures Study (CMS) for the Area 6 DPF has been prepared for the DOE/NV`s Environmental Restoration Project. The CMS has been developed to support the preparation of a Closure Plan for the DPF. Because of the complexities of the contamination and regulatory issues associated with the DPF, DOE/NV determined a CMS would be beneficial to the evaluation and selection of a closure alternative.

NONE

1997-10-01

55

Social Support and Sense of Program Belonging Discriminate between Youth-Staff Relationship Types in Juvenile Correction Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the association between personal and social characteristics of incarcerated juvenile offenders and youth-staff relationship types. Employing the three relationship categories identified in a typology by Marsh and Evans (2009), multinomial logistic regression indicated that youth reporting higher levels of social support and…

Marsh, Shawn C.; Evans, William P.; Williams, Michael J.

2010-01-01

56

Behind bars: the compelling case for academic health centers partnering with correctional facilities.  

PubMed

Academic health centers (AHCs), particularly those that are publicly funded institutions, have as their mission the treatment of disadvantaged populations, the training of the next generation of clinicians, and the development and dissemination of new knowledge to reduce the burden of disease and improve the health of individuals and populations. Incarcerated populations have the most prevalent and acute disease burden and health disparities in the United States, even in comparison with inner-city populations. Yet, only a small proportion of AHCs have reached out to incarcerated populations to fulfill their mission. Those AHCs that have partnered with correctional facilities have overcome concerns about the value and popularity of "training behind bars"; the cost, liability, and pragmatics of caring for a medically complicated population; and the viability of correctional health research and extramural research funding. They have done so to great benefit to patients, students, and faculty. Partnering with correctional facilities to provide health care offers opportunities for AHCs to fulfill their core missions of clinical service, education, and research, while also enhancing their financial stability, to the benefit of all. In this Commentary, the authors discuss, based on their experiences, these concerns, how existing partnerships have overcome them, and the benefits of such relationships to both AHCs and correctional facilities. PMID:25054416

Trestman, Robert L; Ferguson, Warren; Dickert, Jeff

2015-01-01

57

Corrective Action Investigation Plan for Corrective Action Unit 254: Area 25 R-MAD Decontamination Facility, Nevada Test Site, Nevada (includes ROTC No. 1, date 01\\/25\\/1999)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Corrective Action Investigation Plan contains the US Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office's approach to collect the data necessary to evaluate corrective action alternatives appropriate for the closure of Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 254 under the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order. Corrective Action Unit 254 consists of Corrective Action Site (CAS) 25-23-06, Decontamination Facility. Located in Area 25

1999-01-01

58

The Influence of Tag Presence on the Mortality of Juvenile Chinook Salmon Exposed to Simulated Hydroturbine Passage: Implications for Survival Estimates and Management of Hydroelectric Facilities  

SciTech Connect

Each year, millions of fish have telemetry tags (acoustic, radio, inductive) surgically implanted to assess their passage and survival through hydropower facilities. One route of passage of particular concern is through hydro turbines, in which fish may be exposed to a range of potential injuries, including barotraumas from rapid decompression. The change in pressure from acclimation to exposure (nadir) has been found to be an important factor in predicting the likelihood of mortality and injury for juvenile Chinook salmon undergoing rapid decompression associated with simulated turbine passage. The presence of telemetry tags has also been shown to influence the likelihood of injury and mortality for juvenile Chinook salmon. This research investigated the likelihood of mortality and injury for juvenile Chinook salmon carrying telemetry tags and exposed to a range of simulated turbine passage. Several factors were examined as predictors of mortal injury for fish undergoing rapid decompression, and the ratio of pressure change and tag burden were determined to be the most predictive factors. As the ratio of pressure change and tag burden increase, the likelihood of mortal injury also increases. The results of this study suggest that previous survival estimates of juvenile Chinook salmon passing through hydro turbines may have been biased due to the presence of telemetry tags, and this has direct implications to the management of hydroelectric facilities. Realistic examples indicate how the bias in turbine passage survival estimates could be 20% or higher, depending on the mass of the implanted tags and the ratio of acclimation to exposure pressures. Bias would increase as the tag burden and pressure ratio increase, and have direct implications on survival estimates. It is recommended that future survival studies use the smallest telemetry tags possible to minimize the potential bias that may be associated with carrying the tag.

Carlson, Thomas J.; Brown, Richard S.; Stephenson, John R.; Pflugrath, Brett D.; Colotelo, Alison HA; Gingerich, Andrew J.; Benjamin, Piper L.; Langeslay, Mike; Ahmann, Martin L.; Johnson, Robert L.; Skalski, John R.; Seaburg, Adam; Townsend, Richard L.

2012-05-01

59

Engineering Self-Service Correctional Facility Biometric Computer-Based Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Faced with rising costs and rampant overcrowding, correctional facilities are turning to computer-based systems for help. More than 2.3 million people currently live in US prisons or jails-25 percent of the world's total inmate population-a comparatively much higher rate than in other Western countries. Denmark only incarcerates 66 of every 100,000 citizens, compared to 760 in the US. This situation

Patricia O'Hagan

2010-01-01

60

Oral Health Status Among Women Inmates at Rikers Island Correctional Facility  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the oral health status [Decayed (D), Missing (M), and Filled (F) teeth (DMFT)] and dental experience of women detained by the New York City (N.Y.C.) Department of Correc tions at Riker's Island Correctional Facility. The population (183) was 27.6 ± 5.8 years old and primarily black. The mean DMFT was 9.9, the percent D\\/DFT was 34.3, and

Victor Badner; Robert Margolin

1994-01-01

61

Development of Entry-Level Vision and Hearing Guidelines for Corrections Officers, Juvenile Counselors, and Probation Officers. Standards and Training for Corrections Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to a mandate from the California State Legislature, the California Board of Corrections conducted a three-phase research study in preparation for the revision and standardization of the current state standards for hiring and training corrections personnel. This document presents the vision and hearing guidelines for the occupations of…

California State Board of Corrections, Sacramento.

62

The Effect of Music Therapy on Executive Function Skills in Male, Incarcerated Adults in a Correctional Facility  

E-print Network

The purpose of the present study was to examine the effect of participation in a music therapy group on the executive function skills of male, incarcerated adults in a county correctional facility. Participants (N=16) were recruited from the medium...

Ellis, Elisha

2014-05-31

63

The status of HIV prevention efforts for women in correctional facilities.  

PubMed

In the United States, women are a significant proportion of the correctional population. Women also account for an increasing proportion of newly diagnosed human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) cases. When compared with white women, black women have higher incarceration rates and represent more of the newly diagnosed HIV cases. Correctional facilities offer an opportunity to provide women with HIV testing and prevention services so that they will know their status and receive HIV/sexually transmitted disease (STD) risk-reduction counseling and other preventive services. In this report, we describe incarcerated population statistics and HIV surveillance epidemiology for women. We also describe HIV prevention activities undertaken by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention. Additional research, program development, and implementation are needed to improve HIV prevention efforts for high-risk women. PMID:24116966

Fleming, Eleanor B; LeBlanc, Tanya Telfair; Reid, Laurie C

2013-12-01

64

A Comparison between Juvenile Delinquents' and Teachers' Opinions on Metalinguistic and Metacognitive Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared the opinions of female juvenile delinquents and their teachers from one correctional facility on students' communication behaviors involving metacognitive and metalinguistic skills. The researchers used two parallel surveys that compared the opinions of 31 students and five teachers, on students' behaviors that addressed…

Sanger, Dixie; Spilker, Anna; Scheffler, Marilyn; Zobell, Anneli; Belau, Don

2008-01-01

65

Mapping a Process of Negotiated Identity among Incarcerated Male Juvenile Offenders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on theories of youth identity transitions, this study maps a process of negotiated identity among incarcerated young men. Data are drawn from ethnographic study of three juvenile correctional institutions and longitudinal semistructured interviews with facility residents. Cross-case analysis of 10 cases that finds youth offenders adapted…

Abrams, Laura S.; Hyun, Anna

2009-01-01

66

Juvenile Crime, Juvenile Justice  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This title from the National Academy Press (NAP) is available in print and online. Users can read the full text online for free at the NAP site in Open Book format. Written by the National Research Council's Panel on Juvenile Crime, this book offers "an authoritative review of the best available data and analysis" on America's youth crime problem. The study discusses patterns and trends in crimes by children and adolescents, desistance, contributing factors to delinquency, and a range of proposed solutions.

2001-01-01

67

78 FR 45983 - Acceptability of Corrective Action Programs for Fuel Cycle Facilities  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...voluntarily submitted by fuel cycle facility licensees...Guide (RG) to describe elements of an acceptable CAP for fuel cycle facilities. DATES...NUREG-2154 and to identify the elements of an acceptable fuel cycle facility CAP in...

2013-07-30

68

76 FR 55255 - Definition of Solid Waste Disposal Facilities for Tax-Exempt Bond Purposes; Correction  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...1545-BD04 Definition of Solid Waste Disposal Facilities for Tax-Exempt Bond...2011, on the definition of solid waste disposal facilities for purposes of the...tax-exempt bonds to finance solid waste disposal facilities and to taxpayers...

2011-09-07

69

76 FR 55256 - Definition of Solid Waste Disposal Facilities for Tax-Exempt Bond Purposes; Correction  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...1545-BD04 Definition of Solid Waste Disposal Facilities for Tax-Exempt Bond...2011, on the definition of solid waste disposal facilities for purposes of the...tax-exempt bonds to finance solid waste disposal facilities and to taxpayers...

2011-09-07

70

M-area hazardous waste management facility groundwater monitoring and corrective-action report, First quarter 1995, Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

This report, in three volumes, describes the ground water monitoring and c corrective-action program at the M-Area Hazardous Waste Management Facility (HWMF) at the Savannah River Site (SRS) during the fourth quarter 1994 and first quarter 1995. Concise description of the program and considerable data documenting the monitoring and remedial activities are included in the document. This is Volume 1 covering the following topics: sampling and results; hydrogeologic assessment; water quality assessment; effectiveness of the corrective-action program; corrective-action system operation and performance; monitoring and corrective-action program assessment; proposed monitoring and corrective-action program modifications. Also included are the following appendicies: A-standards; B-flagging criteria; C-figures; D-monitoring results tables; E-data quality/usability assessment.

NONE

1995-05-01

71

1999 Annual Mixed Waste Management Facility Groundwater Correction - Action Report (Volumes I, II, and III)  

SciTech Connect

This Corrective Action Report (CAR) for the Mixed Waste Management Facility (MWMF) is being prepared to comply with the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) Permit Number SC1 890 008 989, dated October 31, 1999. This CAR compiles and presents all groundwater sampling and monitoring activities that are conducted at the MWMF. As set forth in previous agreements with South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control (SCDHEC), all groundwater associated with the Burial Ground Complex (BGC) (comprised of the MWMF, Low-Level Radioactive Waste Disposal Facility, and Old Radioactive Waste Burial Ground) will be addressed under this RCRA Permit. This CAR is the first to be written for the MWMF and presents monitoring activities and results as an outcome of Interim Status and limited Permitted Status activities. All 1999 groundwater monitoring activities were conducted while the MWMF was operated during Interim Status. Changes to the groundwater monitoring program were made upon receipt of the RCRA Permit, where feasible. During 1999, 152 single-screened and six multi-screened groundwater monitoring wells at the BGC monitored groundwater quality in the uppermost aquifer as required by the South Carolina Hazardous Waste Management Regulations (SCHWMR), settlement agreements 87-52-SW and 91-51-SW, and RCRA Permit SC1 890 008 989. However, overall compliance with the recently issued RCRA Permit could not be implemented until the year 2000 due to the effective date of the RCRA Permit and scheduling of groundwater monitoring activities. Changes have been made to the groundwater monitoring network to meet Permit requirements for all 2000 sampling events.

Chase, J.

2000-06-14

72

Juvenile Arthritis  

MedlinePLUS

... medicine, nursing, dentistry, veterinary medicine, the health care system, and preclinical sciences. Where Can People Find More Information About Juvenile Arthritis? National Institute of Arthritis and ...

73

M-Area Hazardous Waste Management Facility groundwater monitoring and corrective-action report. Second quarter 1995, Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the corrective-action program at the M-Area Hazardous Waste Management Facility (HWMF) at the Savannah River Site during second quarter 1995. Topics include: changes in sampling, analysis, and reporting; water levels; remedial action of groundwater; and hydrology of the affected aquifer zones.

NONE

1995-08-01

74

Special Education and Juvenile Justice: An Overview and Analysis of Prevention and Intervention Policy and Program Developments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a serious overpopulation of special needs youth in Ohio's juvenile justice system. This study raises policy questions relating to gaining a deeper understanding of the reasons why there is an overpopulation of children with disabilities in youth correctional facilities and what can be done to reduce the need for future incarcerations.…

Ohio Coalition for the Education of Children with Disabilities, 2006

2006-01-01

75

Minthorn Springs Creek Summer Juvenile Release and Adult Collection Facility; Operation, Maintenance and Evaluation; 1991 Annual Report  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR) and Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW) are cooperating in a joint effort to supplement steelhead and re-establish salmon runs in the Umatilla River Basin. As part of this program, Bonifer and Minthorn Acclimation Facilities are operated for holding and spawning adult steelhead and fall chinook salmon and acclimation and

Gerald D

1992-01-01

76

Functional requirements for the man-vehicle systems research facility. [identifying and correcting human errors during flight simulation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Ames Research Center proposed a man-vehicle systems research facility to support flight simulation studies which are needed for identifying and correcting the sources of human error associated with current and future air carrier operations. The organization of research facility is reviewed and functional requirements and related priorities for the facility are recommended based on a review of potentially critical operational scenarios. Requirements are included for the experimenter's simulation control and data acquisition functions, as well as for the visual field, motion, sound, computation, crew station, and intercommunications subsystems. The related issues of functional fidelity and level of simulation are addressed, and specific criteria for quantitative assessment of various aspects of fidelity are offered. Recommendations for facility integration, checkout, and staffing are included.

Clement, W. F.; Allen, R. W.; Heffley, R. K.; Jewell, W. F.; Jex, H. R.; Mcruer, D. T.; Schulman, T. M.; Stapleford, R. L.

1980-01-01

77

Closure Report for Corrective Action Unit 116: Area 25 Test Cell C Facility, Nevada National Security Site, Nevada  

SciTech Connect

This Closure Report (CR) presents information supporting closure of Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 116, Area 25 Test Cell C Facility. This CR complies with the requirements of the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO) that was agreed to by the State of Nevada; the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Environmental Management; the U.S. Department of Defense; and DOE, Legacy Management (FFACO, 1996 [as amended March 2010]). CAU 116 consists of the following two Corrective Action Sites (CASs), located in Area 25 of the Nevada National Security Site: (1) CAS 25-23-20, Nuclear Furnace Piping and (2) CAS 25-41-05, Test Cell C Facility. CAS 25-41-05 consisted of Building 3210 and the attached concrete shield wall. CAS 25-23-20 consisted of the nuclear furnace piping and tanks. Closure activities began in January 2007 and were completed in August 2011. Activities were conducted according to Revision 1 of the Streamlined Approach for Environmental Restoration Plan for CAU 116 (U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office [NNSA/NSO], 2008). This CR provides documentation supporting the completed corrective actions and provides data confirming that closure objectives for CAU 116 were met. Site characterization data and process knowledge indicated that surface areas were radiologically contaminated above release limits and that regulated and/or hazardous wastes were present in the facility.

NSTec Environmental Restoration

2011-09-29

78

Noise measurements in a free-jet, flight simulation facility - Shear layer refraction and facility-to-flight corrections  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The conversion of free-jet facility into equivalent flyover results is discussed. The essential problem is to 'calibrate out' the acoustic influence of the outer free-jet shear layer on the measurement, since this is absent in the flight case. Results are presented which illustrate the differences between current simplified models (vortex-sheet and geometric acoustics), and a more complete model based on the Lilley equation. Finally, the use of geometric acoustics for facility-to-flight data conversion is discussed.

Morfey, C. L.; Tester, B. J.

1976-01-01

79

Corrective Measures Study Modeling Results for the Southwest Plume - Burial Ground Complex/Mixed Waste Management Facility  

SciTech Connect

Groundwater modeling scenarios were performed to support the Corrective Measures Study and Interim Action Plan for the southwest plume of the Burial Ground Complex/Mixed Waste Management Facility. The modeling scenarios were designed to provide data for an economic analysis of alternatives, and subsequently evaluate the effectiveness of the selected remedial technologies for tritium reduction to Fourmile Branch. Modeling scenarios assessed include no action, vertical barriers, pump, treat, and reinject; and vertical recirculation wells.

Harris, M.K.

1999-01-29

80

Juvenile Prostitution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent research and Canadian government committee reports concerning juvenile prostitution are reviewed. Proposals are made in the realms of law and social policy; and existing programs are described. (DB)

Csapo, Marg

1986-01-01

81

Spatial correction factors for YALINA Booster facility loaded with medium and low enriched fuels  

SciTech Connect

The Bell and Glasstone spatial correction factor is used in analyses of subcritical assemblies to correct the experimental reactivity as function of the detector position. Besides the detector position, several other parameters affect the correction factor: the energy weighting function of the detector, the detector size, the energy-angle distribution of source neutrons, and the reactivity of the subcritical assembly. This work focuses on the dependency of the correction factor on the detector material and it investigates the YALINA Booster subcritical assembly loaded with medium (36%) and low (10%) enriched fuels. (authors)

Talamo, A.; Gohar, Y. [Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 S. Cass Ave, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States); Bournos, V.; Fokov, Y.; Kiyavitskaya, H.; Routkovskaya, C. [Joint Inst. for Power and Nuclear Research-Sosny, 99 Academician A.K.Krasin Str, Minsk 220109 (Belarus)

2012-07-01

82

Correcting the expression of miRNA-155 represses PP2Ac and enhances the release of IL-2 in PBMCs of juvenile SLE patients.  

PubMed

MicroRNA-155 is involved in immune cell, differentiation, maturation and function. MiR-155 showed variable dysregulated expression in autoimmune diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. MiR-155 was previously confirmed to directly target CAMP response element binding protein (CREB), which was previously identified as a positive regulator of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A). PP2A is a key negative regulator of interleukin-2, which is an important immune modulator and was previously shown to be decreased in SLE. In this study we aimed at investigating the regulation of PP2A by miR-155 and hence its role in juvenile SLE disease pathogenesis. MiR-155 showed significant downregulation in PBMCs from juvenile SLE and juvenile familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) and significant upregulation in PBMCs from juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) patients. In SLE, miR-155 expression was negatively correlated with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index (SLEDAI) score and proteinuria and was positively correlated with white blood cell (WBC) count. The mRNA of the catalytic subunit of PP2A (PP2Ac) showed significant upregulation in PBMCs from SLE and FMF but not in JIA patients. Additionally, the relative expression of PP2Ac mRNA was positively correlated with SLEDAI score. Forced expression of miR-155 led to decreased relative expression of PP2Ac mRNA and increased IL-2 release in cultured-stimulated PBMCs. This study suggests for the first time the possible role of an miR-155-PP2Ac loop in regulating IL-2 release and identifies miR-155 as a potential therapeutic target in juvenile SLE disease through relieving IL-2 from the inhibitory role of PP2A. PMID:25253569

Lashine, Y A; Salah, S; Aboelenein, H R; Abdelaziz, A I

2015-03-01

83

The effects of blockage correction in hot-wire probe calibration facilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the results of a study into the effect of a dedicated calibration facility on the calibration relationships for hot-wire probes. Calibrations were carried out with plated and unplated normal hot-wire probes using both parallel and perpendicular support orientation in a calibration facility with variable nozzle exit area and in a wind tunnel.The results obtained clearly demonstrate that

M. K. Khan; K. A. MacKenzie; H. H. Bruun

1987-01-01

84

M-Area and Metallurgical Laboratory Hazardous Waste Management Facilities groundwater monitoring and corrective-action report. Third and fourth quarters 1996, Vol. 2  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the groundwater monitoring and corrective- action program at the M-Area Hazardous Waste Management Facility (HWMF) and the Metallurgical Laboratory (Met Lab) HWMF at the Savannah River Site (SRS) during 1996.

NONE

1997-03-01

85

3Q/4Q98 Annual M-Area and Metallurgical Laboratory Hazardous Waste Management Facility Groundwater Monitoring and Correction-Action Report, Volumes I, II, and III  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the groundwater monitoring and corrective-action program at the M-Area Hazardous Waste Management Facility (HWMF) and the Metallurgical Laboratory (Met Lab) HWMF at the Savannah River Site (SRS) during 1998.

Chase, J.

1999-04-15

86

M-Area and Metallurgical Laboratory Hazardous Waste Management Facilities groundwater monitoring and corrective-action report (U). Third and fourth quarters 1996, Vol. I  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the groundwater monitoring and corrective-action program at the M-Area Hazardous Waste Management Facility (HWMF) and the Metallurgical Laboratory (Met Lab) HWMF at the Savannah River Site (SRS) during 1996.

NONE

1997-03-01

87

F-Area Hazardous Waste Management Facility Semiannual Correction Action Report, Vol. I and II  

SciTech Connect

The groundwater in the uppermost aquifer beneath the F-Area Hazardous Waste Management Facility (HWMF) at the Savannah River Site is routinely monitored for selected hazardous and radioactive constituents. This report presents the results of the required groundwater monitoring program.

Chase, J.

1999-11-18

88

78 FR 47154 - Core Principles and Other Requirements for Swap Execution Facilities; Correction  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Part 37 RIN 3038-AD18 Core Principles and Other Requirements for...Zaidi, Special Counsel, Division of Market Oversight, Commodity...in, Compliance With Core Principles [Corrected] 2. On page...column, under the heading Core Principle 3 of Section 5h of the...

2013-08-05

89

The Burden of Infectious Disease Among Inmates of and Releasees From US Correctional Facilities, 1997  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. This study developed national estimates of the burden of selected infec- tious diseases among correctional inmates and releasees during 1997. Methods. Data from surveys, surveillance, and other reports were synthesized to de- velop these estimates. Results. During 1997, 20% to 26% of all people living with HIV in the United States, 29% to 43% of all those infected with

Theodore M. Hammett; Mary Patricia Harmon; William Rhodes

2002-01-01

90

Prevalence of HIV, syphilis, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C among entrants to Maryland correctional facilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although high prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in correctional institutions has been established, data are sparse regarding\\u000a the comorbidities of hepatitis B virus (HBV), HCV, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), all of which may complicate the\\u000a management of HCV. This study sought to estimate the prevalence and correlates associated with HCV prevalence among entrants\\u000a into the Maryland Division of

Liza Solomon; Colin Flynn; Kelly Muck; John Vertefeuille

2004-01-01

91

Juvenile Dermatomyositis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM) is a rare, often chronic autoimmune disease with onset during childhood. It is characterized\\u000a by weakness in proximal muscles and pathognomonic skin rashes. Although the etiology remains unclear, it has been proposed\\u000a that JDM is caused by a vasculopathy within the muscle tissue and multiple other organ systems of genetically susceptible\\u000a individuals, possibly in response to environmental

Michelle Batthish; Brian M. Feldman

2011-01-01

92

Development of corrective measures and site stabilization technologies for shallow land burial facilities at semiarid sites  

SciTech Connect

The overall purpose of the corrective measures task performed for the National Low-Level Waste Management Program has been to develop and test methods that can be used to correct any actual or anticipated problems with new and existing shallow land burial (SLB) sites in a semiarid environment. These field tests have not only evaluated remedial actions, but have also investigated phenomena suspected of being a possible problem at semiarid SLB sites. The approach we have taken in developing remedial action and site closure technologies for low-level waste sites is to recognize that physical and biological processes affecting site integrity are interdependent, and therefore, cannot be treated as separate problems. The field experiments performed for this task were to identify, evaluate, and model erosion control technologies, field test second generation biointrusion barriers, determine by field experiments the extent of upward radionuclide migration due to moisture cycling, and measure the effects of subsidence on remedial action of other system components. Progress made in each of these research areas is described.

Nyhan, J.W.; Abeele, W.V.

1986-01-01

93

Closure Report for Corrective Action Unit 254: Area 25, R-MAD Decontamination Facility, Nevada Test Site, Nevada  

SciTech Connect

Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 254 is located in Area 25 of the Nevada Test Site (NTS), approximately 100 kilometers (km) (62 miles) northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada. The site is located within the Reactor Maintenance, Assembly and Disassembly (R-MAD) compound and consists of Building 3126, two outdoor decontamination pads, and surrounding areas within an existing fenced area measuring approximately 50 x 37 meters (160 x 120 feet). The site was used from the early 1960s to the early 1970s as part of the Nuclear Rocket Development Station program to decontaminate test-car hardware and tooling. The site was reactivated in the early 1980s to decontaminate a radiologically contaminated military tank. This Closure Report (CR) describes the closure activities performed to allow un-restricted release of the R-MAD Decontamination Facility.

G. N. Doyle

2002-02-01

94

Heterogeneity in drug abuse among juvenile offenders: is mixture regression more informative than standard regression?  

PubMed

Research on juvenile offenders has largely treated this population as a homogeneous group. However, recent findings suggest that this at-risk population may be considerably more heterogeneous than previously believed. This study compared mixture regression analyses with standard regression techniques in an effort to explain how known factors such as distress, trauma, and personality are associated with drug abuse among juvenile offenders. Researchers recruited 728 juvenile offenders from Missouri juvenile correctional facilities for participation in this study. Researchers investigated past-year substance use in relation to the following variables: demographic characteristics (gender, ethnicity, age, familial use of public assistance), antisocial behavior, and mental illness symptoms (psychopathic traits, psychiatric distress, and prior trauma). Results indicated that standard and mixed regression approaches identified significant variables related to past-year substance use among this population; however, the mixture regression methods provided greater specificity in results. Mixture regression analytic methods may help policy makers and practitioners better understand and intervene with the substance-related subgroups of juvenile offenders. PMID:23027831

Montgomery, Katherine L; Vaughn, Michael G; Thompson, Sanna J; Howard, Matthew O

2013-11-01

95

Juvenile Arrests, 2000. Juvenile Justice Bulletin.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bulletin examines the national and state juvenile arrest rate in 2000 using data reported annually by local law enforcement agencies nationwide to the FBI's Uniform Crime Reporting program. Results indicate that the murder rate in 2000 was the lowest since 1965; juvenile arrests for violence in 2000 were the lowest since 1988; few juveniles

Snyder, Howard N.

96

HIV/AIDS among Inmates of and Releasees from US Correctional Facilities, 2006: Declining Share of Epidemic but Persistent Public Health Opportunity  

PubMed Central

Because certain groups at high risk for HIV/AIDS (human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) come together in correctional facilities, seroprevalence was high early in the epidemic. The share of the HIV/AIDS epidemic borne by inmates of and persons released from jails and prisons in the United States (US) in 1997 was estimated in a previous paper. While the number of inmates and releasees has risen, their HIV seroprevalence rates have fallen. We sought to determine if the share of HIV/AIDS borne by inmates and releasees in the US decreased between 1997 and 2006. We created a new model of population flow in and out of correctional facilities to estimate the number of persons released in 1997 and 2006. In 1997, approximately one in five of all HIV-infected Americans was among the 7.3 million who left a correctional facility that year. Nine years later, only one in seven (14%) of infected Americans was among the 9.1 million leaving, a 29.3% decline in the share. For black and Hispanic males, two demographic groups with heightened incarceration rates, recently released inmates comprise roughly one in five of those groups' total HIV-infected persons, a figure similar to the proportion borne by the correctional population as a whole in 1997. Decreasing HIV seroprevalence among those admitted to jails and prisons, prolonged survival and aging of the US population with HIV/AIDS beyond the crime-prone years, and success with discharge planning programs targeting HIV-infected prisoners could explain the declining concentration of the epidemic among correctional populations. Meanwhile, the number of persons with HIV/AIDS leaving correctional facilities remains virtually identical. Jails and prisons continue to be potent targets for public health interventions. The fluid nature of incarcerated populations ensures that effective interventions will be felt not only in correctional facilities but also in communities to which releasees return. PMID:19907649

Spaulding, Anne C.; Seals, Ryan M.; Page, Matthew J.; Brzozowski, Amanda K.; Rhodes, William; Hammett, Theodore M.

2009-01-01

97

The Center of Juvenile and Criminal Justice  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With offices in such gritty locales as Oakland and the nation's capital, it follows that The Center of Juvenile and Criminal Justice (CJCJ) is well-positioned to offer well-thought out policy research and technical assistance in the field of juvenile and criminal justice. Founded in 1985, the CJCJ works in a number of arenas, such as sentencing reform and community-based alternatives to juvenile detention. A good place to start for first-time visitors is the publications area, which contains links to recent works created by staff members on juvenile justice, adult corrections, and sentencing. One highlight of the site is the juvenile justice area. Here visitors can learn about the CJCJ's work in the state of California with alternative sentencing options and also view video clips from their conference on youth reform.

98

Addendum to the Closure Report for Corrective Action Unit 113: Area 25 R-MAD Facility, Nevada National Security Site, Nevada  

SciTech Connect

This addendum to the Closure Report for Corrective Action Unit 113: Area 25, Reactor Maintenance, Assembly, and Disassembly Facility, Building 3110, Nevada Test Site, Nevada, DOE/NV--891-VOL I-Rev. 1, dated July 2003, provides details of demolition, waste disposal, and use restriction (UR) modification for Corrective Action Unit 113, Area 25 R-MAD Facility. Demolition was completed on July 15, 2010, when the last of the building debris was disposed. Final field activities were concluded on August 30, 2010, after all equipment was demobilized and UR signs were posted. This work was funded by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act.

NSTec Environmental Restoration

2011-02-24

99

Juvenile Justice & Youth Violence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Youth violence and the juvenile justice system in the United States are explored. Part 1 takes stock of the situation. The first chapter discusses the origins and evaluation of the juvenile justice system, and the second considers the contributions of the Federal Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act to the existing juvenile justice…

Howell, James C.

100

Scholastic situation of the juvenile diabetic  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  The scholastic situation of 85 juvenile diabetics was studied and compared to that of 85 normal pupils, all in the province\\u000a of Havana. It was concluded that the intellectual ability of juvenile diabetics is normal both as shown by psychological tests\\u000a and by scholastic performance. Teachers considered them to be well behaved, to have good interpersonal relationships, correct\\u000a attitude towards

Rafael Alvisa; Carmen C. Barroso; Ricardo Güell; Antonio Márquez; Oscar Mateo-de-Acosta

1974-01-01

101

M-Area and Metallurgical Laboratory Hazardous Waste Management Facilities Groundwater Monitoring and Corrective-Action Report, First and Second Quarters 1999, Volumes I and II  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the groundwater monitoring and corrective-action program at the M-Area Hazardous Waste Management Facility (HWMF) and the Metallurgical Laboratory (Met Lab) HWMF at the Savannah River Site (SRS) during the first and second quarters 1999.

Chase, J.

1999-12-03

102

Policies and Practices in the Delivery of HIV Services in Correctional Agencies and Facilities: Results from a Multi-Site Survey  

PubMed Central

HIV risk is disproportionately high among incarcerated individuals. Corrections agencies have been slow to implement evidence-based guidelines and interventions for HIV prevention, testing, and treatment. The emerging field of implementation science focuses on organizational interventions to facilitate adoption and implementation of evidence-based practices. A survey of among CJ-DATS correctional agency partners revealed that HIV policies and practices in prevention, detection and medical care varied widely, with some corrections agencies and facilities closely matching national guidelines and/or implementing evidence-based interventions. Others, principally attributed to limited resources, had numerous gaps in delivery of best HIV service practices. A brief overview is provided of a new CJ-DATS cooperative research protocol, informed by the survey findings, to test an organization-level intervention to reduce HIV service delivery gaps in corrections. PMID:24078624

Belenko, Steven; Hiller, Matthew; Visher, Christy; Copenhaver, Michael; O’Connell, Daniel; Burdon, William; Pankow, Jennifer; Clarke, Jennifer; Oser, Carrie

2013-01-01

103

Teaching about Juvenile Justice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traces the development of the U.S. juvenile justice system. Delineates procedures of the contemporary juvenile justice system and provides hypothetical cases for teaching concepts related to it. (BSR)

Bjorklun, Eugene C.

1988-01-01

104

Juvenile Delinquency: An Introduction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Juvenile Delinquency is a term which is often inaccurately used. This article clarifies definitions, looks at prevalence, and explores the relationship between juvenile delinquency and mental health. Throughout, differences between males and females are explored. (Contains 1 table.)

Smith, Carolyn A.

2008-01-01

105

Juvenile Scleroderma Network  

MedlinePLUS

... and your family can help. What if Juvenile Scleroderma Network earned a penny every time you searched ... goodsearch.com and be sure to enter Juvenile Scleroderma Network as the charity you want to support. ...

106

What Is Juvenile Arthritis?  

MedlinePLUS

... workers. Do Children With Juvenile Arthritis Have to Limit Activities? Pain sometimes limits what children with juvenile arthritis can do. However, ... your child’s doctor may advise your child to limit certain activities. It will depend on the joints ...

107

Linking juvenile growth of white spruce with site index  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of this study was to link the growth of juvenile white spruce stands with an estimate of their site index. We applied a previously developed technique for correcting the height bias created by dominance switching among juvenile trees before trees reached the site index base age (50 years at breast height), using stem analysis data of white spruce

Zhili Feng; Kenneth J. Stadt; Victor J. Lieffers; Shongming Huang

2006-01-01

108

Juvenile Arrests, 2007. Juvenile Justice Bulletin  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Bulletin summarizes 2007 juvenile crime and arrest data reported by local law enforcement agencies across the country and cited in the FBI report, "Crime in the United States 2007." The Bulletin describes the extent and nature of juvenile crime that comes to the attention of the justice system. It serves as a baseline for comparison for…

Puzzanchera, Charles

2009-01-01

109

Juvenile Arrests 1996. Juvenile Justice Bulletin.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1996, law enforcement agencies in the United States made an estimated 2.9 million arrests of persons under the age of 18. According to Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) figures, juveniles accounted for 19% of all arrests and 19% of all violent crime in 1996. The substantial growth in juvenile crime that began in the late 1980s peaked in…

Snyder, Howard N.

110

Juvenile Arrests, 1999. Juvenile Justice Bulletin.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bulletin presents a summary and analysis of national and state juvenile arrest data for 1999. Data come from the FBI's annual "Crime in the United States" report, which offers the estimated number of crimes reported to law enforcement agencies. The 1999 murder rate was the lowest since 1966. Of the nearly 1,800 juveniles murdered in 1999, 33…

Snyder, Howard N.

111

Juvenile Arrests, 1998. Juvenile Justice Bulletin.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides a summary and analysis of national and state juvenile arrest data in the United States. In 1998, law enforcement agencies made an estimated 2.6 million arrests of persons under age 18. Federal Bureau of Investigations statistics indicate that juveniles account for 18% of all arrests, and 17% of all violent crime arrests in…

Snyder, Howard N.

112

Juvenile Court Statistics - 1972.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is a statistical study of juvenile court cases in 1972. The data demonstrates how the court is frequently utilized in dealing with juvenile delinquency by the police as well as by other community agencies and parents. Excluded from this report are the ordinary traffic cases handled by juvenile court. The data indicate that: (1) in…

Office of Youth Development (DHEW), Washington, DC.

113

Juvenile Court Statistics 1985.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is the 59th in the "Juvenile Court Statistics" series, a series begun in 1929 which serves as the primary source of information on the activities of juvenile courts. It describes the number and characteristics of delinquency and status offense cases disposed during 1985 by courts with juvenile jurisdiction and addresses some important…

Snyder, Howard N.; And Others

114

Juvenile Court Statistics, 1974.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents information on juvenile court processing of youth in the U.S. during 1974. It is based on data gathered under the National Juvenile Court Statistical Reporting System. Findings can be summarized as follows: (1) 1,252,700 juvenile delinquency cases, excluding traffic offenses, were handled by courts in the U.S. in 1974; (2) the…

Corbett, Jacqueline; Vereb, Thomas S.

115

Juveniles in court.  

PubMed

Nineteenth-century American reformers were concerned about the influence of immaturity and development in juvenile offenses. They responded to their delinquent youths through the creation of juvenile courts. This early American juvenile justice system sought to treat children as different from adults and to rehabilitate wayward youths through the state's assumption of a parental role. Although these rehabilitative goals were never fully realized, the field of American child psychiatry was spawned from these efforts on behalf of delinquent youths. Early child psychiatrists began by caring for juvenile offenders. The function of a child psychiatrist with juvenile delinquents expanded beyond strictly rehabilitation, however, as juvenile courts evolved to resemble criminal adult courts-due to landmark Supreme Court decisions and also juvenile legislation between 1966 and 1975. In response to dramatically increased juvenile violence and delinquency rates in the 1980s, juvenile justice became more retributional, and society was forced to confront issues such as capital punishment for juveniles, their transfer to adult courts, and their competency to stand trial. In the modern juvenile court, child psychiatrists are often asked to participate in the consideration of such issues because of their expertise in development. In that context we review the role of psychiatrists in assisting juvenile courts. PMID:21080770

Soulier, Matthew F; Scott, Charles L

2010-01-01

116

Zebra fish juvenile  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The juvenile stage is the third stage in the zebra fish life cycle. In the juvenile stage, the zebra fish is continuing to grow in size. At this stage, the juvenile fish can feed on its own and does not need a yolk sac.

Katie Hale (California State University, Fullerton;Student, Biological Sciences)

2007-01-08

117

Juvenile Zebra fish  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The juvenile stage is the third stage in the zebra fish life cycle. In the juvenile stage, the zebra fish is continuing to grow in size. At this stage, the juvenile fish can feed on its own and does not need a yolk sac.

Katie Hale (CSUF;Biological Sciences)

2007-06-08

118

Streamlined Approach for Environmental Restoration (SAFER) Plan for Corrective Action Unit 117: Area 26 Pluto Disassembly Facility, Nevada Test Site, Nevada With Errata Sheets, Revision 0  

SciTech Connect

This Streamlined Approach for Environmental Restoration (SAFER) Plan addresses the actions needed to achieve closure for Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 117, Pluto Disassembly Facility, identified in the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order. Corrective Action Unit 117 consists of one Corrective Action Site (CAS), CAS 26-41-01, located in Area 26 of the Nevada Test Site. This plan provides the methodology for field activities needed to gather the necessary information for closing CAS 26-41-01. There is sufficient information and process knowledge from historical documentation and investigations of similar sites regarding the expected nature and extent of potential contaminants to recommend closure of CAU 117 using the SAFER process. Additional information will be obtained by conducting a field investigation before finalizing the appropriate corrective action for this CAS. The results of the field investigation will support a defensible recommendation that no further corrective action is necessary following SAFER activities. This will be presented in a Closure Report that will be prepared and submitted to the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection (NDEP) for review and approval. The site will be investigated to meet the data quality objectives (DQOs) developed on June 27, 2007, by representatives of NDEP; U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office; Stoller-Navarro Joint Venture; and National Security Technologies, LLC. The DQO process was used to identify and define the type, amount, and quality of data needed to determine and implement appropriate corrective actions for CAS 26-41-01 in CAU 117.

Pat Matthews

2007-09-01

119

Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy: An underdiagnosed syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the first description of juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) in the English literature in 1984, the delay in correct diagnosis of JME remains unchanged. Ninety patients with JME were studied. Median delay in diagnosis was 9 years (range 0–52 years). Reasons for delay in diagnosis were analyzed. Failure to recognize the myoclonic seizures (MS) was the most common element contributing

Marcelo E. Lancman; Jorge J. Asconapé; Teresa Brotherton; J. Kiffin Penry

1995-01-01

120

American Correctional Association  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Correctional Association is the oldest, and largest international correctional association in the world. ACA serves all disciplines within the corrections profession and is dedicated to excellence in every aspect of the field. The topics covered on this site are wide-ranging, from professional development and certification, to standards and accreditation, network and consulting, research and publications, conferences and exhibits and technology and testing. ACA is a valuable resource for anyone interested in the American Corrections system. A key feature of the website, is that it provides information about professional development programs and workshops as well as professional certification for an adult and juvenile correctional staff.

2006-11-12

121

National Juvenile Defender Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Formerly affiliated with the National Bar Association, the National Juvenile Defender Center separated from the ABA in 2005 becoming an independent organization. The NJDC is a support center for public defenders, caseworkers and other groups working with juveniles or juvenile crime issues. Included on the site are publications related to juvenile justice cases and standards. The site also publishes training curriculum on basic skills and strategies for working with juveniles and delinquency proceedings, as well as information on adolescent development and strategies for communication with teens. The NJDC primarily presents itself as a legal resource for public defenders, but it is also a great resource for those in the criminal justice field and anyone working with juvenile or at-risk populations.

2007-03-18

122

3Q/4Q99 Annual M-Area and Metallurgical Laboratory Hazardous Waste Management Facilities Groundwater Monitoring and Corrective-Action Report - Third and Fourth Quarters 1999 - Volumes I, II, and III  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the groundwater monitoring and corrective-action program at the M-Area Hazardous Waste Management Facility (HWMF) and the Metallurgical Laboratory (Met Lab) HWMF at the Savannah River Site (SRS) during 1999.

Chase, J.

2000-04-19

123

Partial correction of the CNS lysosomal storage defect in a mouse model of juvenile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis by neonatal CNS administration of an adeno-associated virus serotype rh.10 vector expressing the human CLN3 gene.  

PubMed

Juvenile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (JNCL or CLN3 disease) is an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disease resulting from mutations in the CLN3 gene that encodes a lysosomal membrane protein. The disease primarily affects the brain with widespread intralysosomal accumulation of autofluorescent material and fibrillary gliosis, as well as the loss of specific neuronal populations. As an experimental treatment for the CNS manifestations of JNCL, we have developed a serotype rh.10 adeno-associated virus vector expressing the human CLN3 cDNA (AAVrh.10hCLN3). We hypothesized that administration of AAVrh.10hCLN3 to the Cln3(?ex7/8) knock-in mouse model of JNCL would reverse the lysosomal storage defect, as well as have a therapeutic effect on gliosis and neuron loss. Newborn Cln3(?ex7/8) mice were administered 3 × 10(10) genome copies of AAVrh.10hCLN3 to the brain, with control groups including untreated Cln3(?ex7/8) mice and wild-type littermate mice. After 18 months, CLN3 transgene expression was detected in various locations throughout the brain, particularly in the hippocampus and deep anterior cortical regions. Changes in the CNS neuronal lysosomal accumulation of storage material were assessed by immunodetection of subunit C of ATP synthase, luxol fast blue staining, and periodic acid-Schiff staining. For all parameters, Cln3(?ex7/8) mice exhibited abnormal lysosomal accumulation, but AAVrh.10hCLN3 administration resulted in significant reductions in storage material burden. There was also a significant decrease in gliosis in AAVrh.10hCLN3-treated Cln3(?ex7/8) mice, and a trend toward improved neuron counts, compared with their untreated counterparts. These data demonstrate that AAVrh.10 delivery of a wild-type cDNA to the CNS is not harmful and instead provides a partial correction of the neurological lysosomal storage defect of a disease caused by a lysosomal membrane protein, indicating that this may be an effective therapeutic strategy for JNCL and other diseases in this category. PMID:24372003

Sondhi, Dolan; Scott, Emma C; Chen, Alvin; Hackett, Neil R; Wong, Andrew M S; Kubiak, Agnieszka; Nelvagal, Hemanth R; Pearse, Yewande; Cotman, Susan L; Cooper, Jonathan D; Crystal, Ronald G

2014-03-01

124

Streamlined Approach for Environmental Restoration Plan for Corrective Action Unit 116: Area 25 Test Cell C Facility, Nevada Test Site, Nevada, Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

This Streamlined Approach for Environmental Restoration (SAFER) Plan identifies the activities required for the closure of Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 116, Area 25 Test Cell C Facility. The Test Cell C (TCC) Facility is located in Area 25 of the Nevada Test Site (NTS) approximately 25 miles northwest of Mercury, Nevada (Figure 1). CAU 116 is currently listed in Appendix III of the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO) of 1996 (as amended February 2008) and consists of two Corrective Action Sites (CASs): (1) CAS 25-23-20, Nuclear Furnace Piping; and (2) CAS 25-41-05, Test Cell C Facility. CAS 25-41-05 is described in the FFACO as the TCC Facility but actually includes Building 3210 and attached concrete shield wall only. CAU 116 will be closed by demolishing Building 3210, the attached concrete shield wall, and the nuclear furnace piping. In addition, as a best management practice (BMP), Building 3211 (moveable shed) will be demolished due to its close proximity to Building 3210. This will aid in demolition and disposal operations. Radiological surveys will be performed on the demolition debris to determine the proper disposal pathway. As much of the demolition debris as space allows will be placed into the Building 3210 basement structure. After filling to capacity with demolition debris, the basement structure will be mounded or capped and closed with administrative controls. Prior to beginning demolition activities and according to an approved Sampling and Analysis Plan (SAP), representative sampling of surface areas that are known, suspected, or have the potential to contain hazardous constituents such as lead or polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) will be performed throughout all buildings and structures. Sections 2.3.2, 4.2.2.2, 4.2.2.3, 4.3, and 6.2.6.1 address the methodologies employed that assure the solid debris placed in the basement structure will not contain contaminants of concern (COCs) above hazardous waste levels. The anticipated post-closure-posting requirements for the mounded/capped basement structure, as well as for the entire CAU, are addressed in Section 4.2.10. The site contains radiologically impacted surfaces and hazardous materials. Based on review of the historical information for CAU 116 and recent site inspections, there is sufficient process knowledge to close CAU 116 using the SAFER process. CAUs that may be closed using the SAFER process have conceptual corrective actions that are clearly identified. Consequently, corrective action alternatives can be chosen prior to completing a corrective action investigation, given anticipated investigation results. The SAFER process combines elements of the data quality objective (DQO) process and the observational approach to plan and conduct closure activities. The DQOs are used to identify the problem and define the type and quality of data needed to complete the investigation phase of the SAFER process. The purpose of the investigation phase is to verify the adequacy of existing information used to determine the chosen corrective action. The observational approach provides a framework for managing uncertainty during the planning and decision-making phases of the project. The SAFER process allows for technical decisions to be made based on information gathered during site visits, interviews, meetings, research, and a consensus of opinion by the decontamination and decommissioning (D&D) team members. Any uncertainties are addressed by documented assumptions that are verified by sampling and analysis, data evaluation, onsite observations, and contingency plans, as necessary. Closure activities may proceed simultaneously with site characterization as sufficient data are gathered to confirm or disprove the assumptions made during selection of the corrective action. If, at any time during the closure process, new information is discovered that indicates that closure activities should be revised, closure activities will be reevaluated as appropriate. Based on a detailed review of historical documentation, there is sufficient process know

NSTec Environmental Restoration

2008-12-01

125

M-Area and Metallurgical Laboratory Hazardous Waste Management Facilities Groundwate Monitoring and Corrective-Action Report, First and Second Quarters 1998, Volumes I, II, & III  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the groundwater monitoring and corrective-action program at the M-Area Hazardous waste Management Facility (HWMF) and the Metallurgical Laboratory (Met Lab) HWMF at the Savannah river Site (SRS) during first and second quarters 1998. This program is required by South Carolina Hazardous Waste Permit SC1-890-008-989 and Section 264.100(g) of the South Carolina Hazardous Waste Management Regulations. Report requirements are described in the 1995 RCRA Renewal Permit, effective October 5, 1995, Section IIIB.H.11.b for the M-Area HWMF and Section IIIG.H.11.b for the Met Lab HWMF.

Chase, J.

1998-10-30

126

POST CLOSURE INSPECTION REPORT FOR CORRECTIVE ACTION UNIT 92: AREA 6 DECON POND FACILITY, NEVADA TEST SITE, NEVADA; FOR CALENDAR YEAR 2005  

SciTech Connect

This Post-Closure Inspection Report provides an analysis and summary of inspections for Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 92, Area 6 Decon Pond Facility, Nevada Test Site, Nevada. CAU 92 was closed in accordance with the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) Part B Operational Permit (Nevada Division of Environmental Protection (NDEP), 1995) and the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order of 1996. Closure activities were completed on February 16, 1999, and the Closure Report (U.S. Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office, 1999) was approved and a Notice of Completion issued by the NDEP on May 11, 1999. CAU 92 consists of two Corrective Action Sites (CASs): CAS 06-04-01, Decon Pad Oil/Water Separator; and CAS 06-05-02, Decontamination Pond (RCRA). Both CASs have use restrictions; however, only CAS 06-05-02 requires post-closure inspections. Visual inspections of the cover and fencing at CAS 06-05-02 are performed quarterly. Additional inspections are conducted if precipitation occurs in excess of 1.28 centimeters (cm) (0.50 inches [in]) in a 24-hour period. This report covers calendar year 2005. Quarterly site inspections were performed in March, June, September, and December of 2005. All observations indicated the continued integrity of the unit. No issues or concerns were noted, and no corrective actions were necessary. Copies of the inspection checklists and field notes completed during each inspection are included in Appendix A. Five additional inspections were performed after precipitation events that exceeded 1.28 cm (0.50 in) within a 24-hour period during 2005. No significant changes in site conditions were noted during these inspections, and no corrective actions were necessary. Copies of the inspection checklists and field notes completed during each inspection are included in Appendix A. Precipitation records for 2005 are included in Appendix C.

NA

2006-03-01

127

Juvenile Rights. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These classroom materials are part of the Project Benchmark series designed to teach secondary students about our legal concepts and systems. This unit focuses on juvenile rights and responsibilities under the law. The materials outline juvenile rights and responsibilities in the areas of parental control, education, free expression, search and…

Eaneman, Paulette S.; And Others

128

Experimental demonstration of a global dispersion-free steering correction at the new linac test facility at SLAC  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The performance of future linear colliders will depend critically on beam-based alignment and feedback systems. In ILC and CLIC it is planned to perform dispersion-free steering in the main linacs. To this end the beams are accelerated with different gradients to evaluate the dispersion. The steering is performed by minimizing the average offset of the different beams in the beam position monitors and, at the same time, the difference between the beam trajectories. The experimental verification of the dispersion-free steering algorithm is essential to prove its effectiveness and to prepare the commissioning of such machines. The algorithm should take an orbit measurement at every cycle (train to train), estimate the correction from this information, and, from the system response matrices, apply the correction. We have successfully tested dispersion-free steering at FACET, including an adaptive system-identification algorithm, where the system response matrix is measured dynamically and automatically.

Latina, A.; Pfingstner, J.; Schulte, D.; Adli, E.; Decker, F. J.; Lipkowitz, N.

2014-04-01

129

Juvenile Justice in California, 1983.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication provides an overview of the processing of juvenile delinquency cases through the California juvenile justice system; provides information to aid administrators, planners, and researchers in the administration of juvenile justice; and maintains baseline data for further studies of the system. Information on juvenile arrests and…

California State Dept. of Justice, Sacramento. Bureau of Criminal Statistics and Special Services.

130

No Place for Kids: The Case for Reducing Juvenile Incarceration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

States confine juvenile offenders in many types of facilities, including group homes, residential treatment centers, boot camps, wilderness programs, or country-run youth facilities (some of them locked, others secured only through staff supervision). But the largest share of committed youth--about 40 percent of the total--are held in locked…

Mendel, Richard A.

2011-01-01

131

Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis  

MedlinePLUS

Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) is a type of arthritis that happens in children age 16 or younger. It causes joint swelling, ... reduce swelling and pain. NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases

132

Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis  

MedlinePLUS

... of inflammatory problems. What is Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA)? JIA is defined as arthritis (inflammation of the ... confirm the diagnosis. What are the symptoms of JIA? Symptoms include joint pain and tenderness, redness over ...

133

Phase 1 RCRA Facility Investigation & Corrective Measures Study Work Plan for Single Shell Tank (SST) Waste Management Areas  

SciTech Connect

This document is the master work plan for the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976 (RCRA) Corrective Action Program (RCAP) for single-shell tank (SST) farms at the US. Department of Energy's (DOE'S) Hanford Site. The DOE Office of River Protection (ORP) initiated the RCAP to address the impacts of past and potential future tank waste releases to the environment. This work plan defines RCAP activities for the four SST waste management areas (WMAs) at which releases have contaminated groundwater. Recognizing the potential need for future RCAP activities beyond those specified in this master work plan, DOE has designated the currently planned activities as ''Phase 1.'' If a second phase of activities is needed for the WMAs addressed in Phase 1, or if releases are detected at other SST WMAs, this master work plan will be updated accordingly.

MCCARTHY, M.M.

1999-08-01

134

Reporting Crimes Against Juveniles  

Microsoft Academic Search

s.The American justice system is in themidst of an effort to evaluate and reformits handling of the criminal victimization ofchildren and youth. Juveniles are unusuallyvulnerable to crime victimization(Hashima and Finkelhor, 1999), but concernshave been raised about the effectivenessand sensitivity of the justice system'sresponse to these crimes. The findings presentedin this Bulletin indicate that a majorityof victimizations of juveniles ages 12to

David Finkelhor; Richard Ormrod

1999-01-01

135

Structure, reliability, and predictive validity of the Texas Christian University Correctional Residential Self-Rating Form at Intake in a residential substance abuse treatment facility.  

PubMed

This study examined the structure and predictive validity of the Texas Christian University Correctional Residential Self-Rating Form at Intake in a court mandated inpatient substance abuse treatment facility (N = 729). Client characteristics such as treatment motivation and psychological and social functioning were examined as predictors of prospective behavioral outcomes including compliance with treatment program rules and guidelines as well as completion of the treatment program. Results suggest that a broad indicator of individuals' pretreatment motivation predicted their ability to complete the program. Treatment noncompliance, as measured by the number of rule infractions committed during the inpatient treatment, was significantly predicted by individuals' propensity to externalize their symptoms. Implications for the effective use of the CR SRF-Intake as a screener for potential treatment problems are discussed as well as possible targets for interventions in substance abuse populations. PMID:20598835

Lowmaster, Sara E; Morey, Leslie C; Baker, Kay L; Hopwood, Christopher J

2010-09-01

136

Screening for Hepatitis C as a Prevention Enhancement (SHAPE) for HIV: An Integration Pilot Initiative in a Massachusetts County Correctional Facility  

PubMed Central

Objectives The Massachusetts Department of Public Health (MDPH) and the Barnstable County Sheriff's Department (BCSD) in Massachusetts initiated a pilot program in July 2009 offering education and hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody testing to inmates and detainees, concurrent with routine HIV testing. The initiative was implemented to assess the feasibility of integrating HCV screening into an HIV screening program in a correctional setting and the efficacy of linking HCV antibody-positive inmates to clinical care upon release. Methods Through the Screening for Hepatitis C as a Prevention Enhancement initiative, HCV and HIV testing were offered to inmates and detainees shortly after admission, and by request at any time during incarceration. In preparation for release, referrals were made to community-based medical providers for HCV follow-up care. Data from BCSD were compared with routine surveillance data received by MDPH. Confirmatory HCV test results received by April 15, 2012, were considered indicators of appropriate post-release clinical care. Results From July 2009 through December 2011, 22% (n=596) and 25% (n=667) of 2,716 inmates/detainees accepted HCV and HIV testing, respectively. Of those tested for HCV antibody, 20.5% (n=122) were positive. Of those tested for HIV antibody, 0.8% (n=5) were positive. Of the inmates who tested HCV positive at BCSD and had been released, 37.8% were identified as receiving post-release medical care. Conclusions We determined that integration of HCV education and screening into correctional facilities is feasible and reveals high rates of HCV infection. Although this model presupposes programmatic infrastructure, elements of the service design and integration could inform a range of correctional programs. Effective linkage to care, while substantial, was not routine based on our analysis, and may require additional resources given its cost and complexity. PMID:24385643

Nettle, Eduardo; Church, Daniel; Bourassa, Lori; Sherwin, Vicki; Cranston, Kevin; Carr, Robert; Fukuda, H. Dawn; DeMaria, Alfred

2014-01-01

137

Genetics Home Reference: Juvenile polyposis syndrome  

MedlinePLUS

... In the third type, known as juvenile polyposis coli, affected individuals develop polyps only in their colon. People with generalized juvenile polyposis and juvenile polyposis coli typically develop polyps during childhood. Most juvenile polyps ...

138

Developing, Monitoring, and Enforcing Juvenile Justice Legislation: A Case Study of Pennsylvania.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study documents reform policies and practices for handling juveniles, and the development of complete monitoring of child welfare and juvenile facilities. Due to the work of citizen and child advocacy groups, ways have been developed in Pennsylvania to determine whether state and federal laws regarding institutionalized children are…

Baird, Joseph H.

139

Los Angeles County Juvenile Justice Crime Prevention Act: Fiscal Year 2003-2004. Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2000, the California Legislature passed the Schiff-Cardenas Crime Prevention Act, which authorized funding for county juvenile justice programs and designated the Board of Corrections (BOC) as the administrator of funding. A 2001 Senate Bill extended the funding and changed the program's name to the Juvenile Justice Crime Prevention Act…

Turner, Susan; Fain, Terry; Sehgal, Amber

2005-01-01

140

BURROWING ABILITY OF JUVENILE CLAMS  

E-print Network

BURROWING ABILITY OF JUVENILE CLAMS Marine Biological Laboratory FEB7- iL55 WOODS HOLE, MASS BURH);»1NG ABILITY OF JUVENILE CLAMS By John P. Baptist Fishery Biologist Special Scientific Report, to study the burrowing ability of juvenile clams, Mya arenaria, (2-22rnmo long), while exposed to various

141

1Q/2Q00 M-Area and Metallurgical Laboratory Hazardous Waste Management Facilities Groundwater Monitoring and Corrective-Action Report - First and Second Quarters 2000 - Volumes I, II, and II  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the groundwater monitoring and corrective-action program at the M-Area Hazardous Waste Management Facility (HWMF) and the Metallurgical Laboratory (Met Lab) HWMF at the Savannah River site (SRS) during first and second quarters of 2000.

Chase, J.

2000-10-24

142

Phase I archaeological survey of the proposed timber harvest area near the Regional Correctional Facility on the Fort Knox Military Reservation, Hardin County, Kentucky. Final report, September-October 1995  

Microsoft Academic Search

In September 1995, the Fort Knox contract archaeology staff conducted a Phase I archaeological survey of a proposed timber harvest area near the Regional Correctional Facility on the Fort Knox Military Reservation, Hardin County, Kentucky. The proposed timber harvest area is approximately 122 m (400 feet) wide and 25 m (80 feet) long, encompassing approximately 0.30 ha (0.74 acres). Only

P. A. Schenian; S. T. Mocas

1995-01-01

143

Juvenile Silver Carp  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

These juvenile silver carps are used to find potential physical, biological or chemical controls as part of an integrated pest management approach for natural resource managers. Asian carp are invasive species that could pose substantial environmental risks and economic impacts if they become estab...

144

Juvenile Bighead Carp  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

These juvenile bighead carps are used to find potential physical, biological or chemical controls as part of an integrated pest management approach for natural resource managers. Asian carp are invasive species that could pose substantial environmental risks and economic impacts if they become esta...

145

Idiopathic juvenile osteoporosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Radiological and clinical features are presented in 14 patients with idiopathic juvenile osteoporosis. The disease shows a characteristic pattern with onset before puberty, a limited course, and usually ends in remission with or without residual deformity, depending on the severity. In contrast to osteogenesis imperfecta, which is the main differential diagnosis, a familial history is absent in these patients. Haematological

M. T. W. Houang; D. P. Brenton; P. Renton; D. G. Shaw

1978-01-01

146

Treating the Juvenile Offender  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This authoritative, highly readable reference and text is grounded in the latest knowledge on how antisocial and criminal behavior develops in youth and how it can effectively be treated. Contributors describe proven ways to reduce juvenile delinquency by targeting specific risk factors and strengthening young people's personal, family, and…

Hoge, Robert D., Ed.; Guerra, Nancy G., Ed.; Boxer, Paul, Ed.

2008-01-01

147

Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The clinical and electroencephalographic features of 10 adolescents with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy are presented. The mean age on onset was 12.3 years. Myoclonic jerks, predominantly on awakening, occurred in all 10 and were associated with infrequent generalised tonic-clonic seizures in nine. Five had first degree relatives with seizures. The neurodevelopmental status was normal in eight and social integration good in

M J Clement; S J Wallace

1988-01-01

148

MMPI-A: prediction of program disruption for incarcerated female juvenile delinquents  

E-print Network

for female juvenile delinquents incarcerated in a state facility in Texas. Treating MMPI-A scales as continuous and dichotomous (i.e., [] 65 T) variables, regression analyses were conducted to examine whether specific critical incidents (i.e., assault...

Stefanov, Michael Lee

1999-01-01

149

Juvenile Offender Recidivism: An Examination of Risk Factors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One hundred and seventy three male juvenile offenders were followed two years postrelease from a residential treatment facility to assess recidivism and factors related to recidivism. The overall recidivism rate was 23.9%. Logistic regression with stepwise and backward variable selection methods was used to examine the relationship between…

Calley, Nancy G.

2012-01-01

150

Opinions of Female Juvenile Delinquents on Communication, Learning and Violence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to survey the opinions of female juvenile delinquents residing in a correctional center about the role of teachers and schools in serving students involved in violence. The term violence referred to behaviors and actions including threats or intentional harm to individuals or property (Van Hasselt & Hersen, 1999). A…

Sanger, Dixie; Spilker, Anna; Wiliiams, Nicole; Belau, Don

2007-01-01

151

Adolescent Neglect, Juvenile Delinquency and the Risk of Recidivism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Victims of child abuse and neglect are at an increased risk of involvement with the juvenile justice and adult correctional systems. Yet, little is known about the continuation and trajectories of offending beyond initial contact with law enforcement. Neglect likely plays a critical role in continued offending as parental monitoring, parental…

Ryan, Joseph P.; Williams, Abigail B.; Courtney, Mark E.

2013-01-01

152

28 CFR 115.318 - Upgrades to facilities and technologies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...facilities and technologies. 115.318 Section 115.318 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Juvenile Facilities Prevention Planning § 115.318 Upgrades to...

2014-07-01

153

Scared Straight and Other Juvenile Awareness Programs for Preventing Juvenile Delinquency: A Systematic Review of the Randomized Experimental Evidence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scared Straight and other programs involve organized visits to prison facilities by juvenile delinquents or at-risk kids to deter them from delinquency. Despite several research studies and reviews questioning their effectiveness, they remain in use and have now been tried in at least six nations. The authors report here on the results of a systematic review of randomized experimental tests

ANTHONY PETROSINO; CAROLYN TURPIN-PETROSINO; JOHN BUEHLER

2003-01-01

154

Juvenile polyposis syndrome  

PubMed Central

Juvenile polyposis syndrome (JPS) is an autosomal dominant predisposition to the occurrence of hamartomatous polyps in the gastrointestinal tract. Diagnosis of JPS is based on the occurrence of numerous colon and rectum polyps or any number of polyps with family history and, in the case of juvenile polyps, their occurrence also outside the large intestine. The JPS is caused by mutations in SMAD4 and BMPR1A. Products of the SMAD4 gene are involved in signal transduction in the transforming growth factor ? pathway and BMPR1A protein is a receptor belonging to the family of transmembrane serine/threonine kinases. Both proteins are responsible for processes determining appropriate development of colonic mucosa. The JPS belongs to the group of hamartomatous polyposes. The hamartomatous polyposis syndromes constitute a group of diseases in which manifestations differ slightly and only molecular diagnostics gives the possibility of verifying the clinical diagnosis. PMID:25097590

Cichy, Wojciech; Klincewicz, Beata

2014-01-01

155

Juvenile aponeurotic fibroma.  

PubMed

Juvenile aponeurotic fibroma is an uncommon benign tumor which occurs mostly in the hands and wrists of young children. It has a tendency to recur, especially in younger individuals, and this, combined with a rather cellular microscopic appearance, has led to mistaken diagnoses of malignancy. No instances of metastasis have been reported. Conservative therapy, consisting of excisional biopsy without sacrifice of vital structures, is indicated. PMID:893979

Specht, E E; Staheli, L T

1977-07-01

156

Outliers in American juvenile justice: the need for statutory reform in North Carolina and New York.  

PubMed

Abstract There is a well-established and growing body of evidence from research that adolescents who commit crimes differ in many regards from their adult counterparts and are more susceptible to the negative effects of adjudication and incarceration in adult criminal justice systems. The age of criminal court jurisdiction in the United States has varied throughout history; yet, there are only two remaining states, New York and North Carolina, that continue to automatically charge 16 year olds as adults. This review traces the statutory history of juvenile justice in these two states with an emphasis on political and social factors that have contributed to their outlier status related to the age of criminal court jurisdiction. The neurobiological, psychological, and developmental aspects of the adolescent brain and personality, and how those issues relate both to a greater likelihood of rehabilitation in appropriate settings and to greater vulnerability in adult correctional facilities, are also reviewed. The importance of raising the age in New York and North Carolina not only lies in protecting incarcerated youths but also in preventing the associated stigma following release. Mental health practitioners are vital to the process of local and national juvenile justice reform. They can serve as experts on and advocates for appropriate mental health care and as experts on the adverse effects of the adult criminal justice system on adolescents. PMID:25411985

Tedeschi, Frank; Ford, Elizabeth

2014-11-20

157

Mild Form of Treacher Collins Syndrome Imitating Juvenile Otosclerosis  

PubMed Central

Treacher Collins syndrome (TCS) is an inherited developmental disorder. More than 40% of individuals with TCS have conductive hearing loss attributed to external and middle ear anomalies. Mild cases of TCS often pass undiagnosed at birth or early childhood. The disease may be manifested as conductive hearing loss in teenagers and may resemble juvenile otosclerosis. Patients could suffer from slight facial variabilities including retrognathia (as in our case) and others, which point out to a possible middle ear anomaly. Surgical corrections of middle ear anomalies including TCS generally lead to poorer outcomes comparing with juvenile otosclerosis, which should be discussed with parents during preoperative counselling. PMID:22953143

Zeleník, Karol; Komínek, Pavel

2012-01-01

158

Offenders in Juvenile Court, 1994. Juvenile Justice Bulletin.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Juvenile courts in the United States processed more than 1.5 million delinquency cases in 1994, representing a 5% increase over the 1993 caseload and a 41% increase over the number of cases handled in 1985. These figures are taken from "Juvenile Court Statistics, 1994," the latest in a series of annual reports on cases handled by courts with…

Butts, Jeffrey A.

159

Juvenile Firesetting: A Research Overview. Juvenile Justice Bulletin  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2002, the National Association of State Fire Marshals (NASFM) began developing applied research initiatives to help professionals curtail juvenile firesetting. The project included a review of the research literature, a conference of researchers and professionals involved in preventing juvenile firesetting, and a final report, upon which this…

Putnam, Charles T.; Kirkpatrick, John T.

2005-01-01

160

3Q/4Q00 Annual M-Area and Metallurgical Laboratory Hazardous Waste Management Facilities Groundwater Monitoring and Corrective-Action Report - Third and Fourth Quarters 2000 - Volumes I, II, and II  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the groundwater monitoring and corrective-action program at the M-Area Hazardous Waste Management Facility (HWMF) and the Metallurgical Laboratory (Met Lab) HWMF at the Savannah River Site (SRS) during 2000. This program is required by South Carolina Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) Hazardous Waste Permit SC1890008989 and Section 264.100(g) of the South Carolina Hazardous Waste Management Regulations.

Cole, C.M. Sr.

2001-04-17

161

Pathways and Predictors of Juvenile Justice Involvement for Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander Youths: A Focus on Gender  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the growth of Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander (NHOPI) youths in court and correctional involvement, studies of their delinquency and juvenile justice involvement are quite limited, and the literature becomes almost nonexistent when examining gender differences. Using case file analysis of 150 Native Hawaiian\\/part-Hawaiian and Pacific Islander juvenile offenders, this article addresses this dearth of research by showing

Lisa Pasko; David T. Mayeda

2011-01-01

162

Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia.  

PubMed

Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML), a rare myeloid malignancy that occurs in young children, is considered a clonal disease originating in pluripotent stem cells of the hematopoietic system. The pathogenesis of JMML involves disruption of signal transduction through the RAS pathway, with resultant selective hypersensitivity of JMML cells to granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor. Progress has been made in understanding aspects of the molecular basis of JMML. How these molecular mechanisms may lead to targeted therapeutics and improved outcomes remains to be elucidated. Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant is the only curative option for children with JMML, and it is fraught with frequent relapse and significant toxicity. PMID:25435114

Satwani, Prakash; Kahn, Justine; Dvorak, Christopher C

2015-02-01

163

Preventing Juvenile Delinquency in Taiwan  

Microsoft Academic Search

The people and government of Taiwan have made special efforts to curb the increasing juvenile delinquency of recent years. This report provides the most current statistics concerning juvenile delinquency, and describes the prevention programs administered by the different branches of the government and other organizations. Based on cultural tradition, the programs are mostly primary prevention directed at the general population

LEE-JAN JAN

1986-01-01

164

Juvenile Crime. Opposing Viewpoints Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Books in the Opposing Viewpoints Series present debates about current issues that can be used to teach critical reading and thinking skills. The variety of opinions expressed in this collection of articles and book excerpts explores many aspects of juvenile crime. It is a commonly held view that the number of crimes committed by juveniles is…

Sadler, A. E., Ed.

165

Mitotically active deep juvenile xanthogranuloma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Juvenile xanthogranuloma is a relatively rare cutaneous tumor of histiocytic origin, occurring mainly in neonates, children, and young people in the first 2 decades of life. An occurrence in adults is rare. Very rare is also a “deep“ subcutaneous and intramuscular localization of this tumor that is called in such case as “deep juvenile xanthogranuloma.” A very uncommon variant of

Jan Koren; Ludovit Matecek; Michal Zamecnik

2010-01-01

166

Adolescent Development and Juvenile Justice  

Microsoft Academic Search

The central question examined in this address is, “Do children's crimes make them adults?” I begin by focusing on the concept and history of adolescence in our society, I then examine the development and philosophy of the juvenile justice system. Adolescent development and juvenile justice are brought together around the concepts of maturity, judgment, and competence, followed by a brief

N. Dickon Reppucci

1999-01-01

167

Juvenile Sex Offenders in Diversion  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was designed to address the treatment of juvenile sex offenders within diversion programs. Using data from 32 diversion programs in Colorado during the 1998–1999 fiscal year, the study observed the demographic and legal characteristics of 112 juvenile (Mean age = 14.64) sex offenders referred to diversion programs for seven types of sex assault, incest, and indecent exposure charges.

Justin S. Campbell; Cherise Lerew

2002-01-01

168

The effect of gastrocnemius tightness on the pathogenesis of juvenile hallux valgus: a preliminary study.  

PubMed

Hallux valgus is the most common foot disorder associated with gastrocnemius tightness, and there is a particularly strong association with juvenile hallux valgus. This article describes an oblique windlass mechanism that can be a causative or a contributory factor in the pathogenesis of juvenile hallux valgus. This article presents a study of 108 patients who underwent a proximal gastrocnemius release and hallux valgus correction using a scarf osteotomy. We believe that assessment of gastrocnemius tightness in juvenile hallux valgus is important and that gastrocnemius lengthening should be routinely considered as part of the operative strategy. PMID:25456724

Barouk, Louis Samuel

2014-12-01

169

Parents' Attitudes Toward Juveniles' Rights in Interrogation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Does requiring the presence of parents at pretrial interrogations of juveniles ensure adequate protection of juveniles' rights to silence and to retain legal counsel? The study assessed the attitudes of parents regarding nurturance and self-determination rights for juveniles—including rights which are relevant to interrogation—for juveniles of two age groups and of both delinquent and nondelinquent status. Nurturance rights for juveniles

Thomas Grisso; Melissa Ring

1979-01-01

170

28 CFR 0.57 - Criminal prosecutions against juveniles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Criminal prosecutions against juveniles. The Assistant Attorney...criminal proceedings against juveniles. The Assistant Attorney...supervises the implementation of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act (18...

2010-07-01

171

28 CFR 0.57 - Criminal prosecutions against juveniles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Criminal prosecutions against juveniles. The Assistant Attorney...criminal proceedings against juveniles. The Assistant Attorney...supervises the implementation of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act (18...

2011-07-01

172

28 CFR 0.57 - Criminal prosecutions against juveniles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Criminal prosecutions against juveniles. The Assistant Attorney...criminal proceedings against juveniles. The Assistant Attorney...supervises the implementation of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act (18...

2014-07-01

173

28 CFR 0.57 - Criminal prosecutions against juveniles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Criminal prosecutions against juveniles. The Assistant Attorney...criminal proceedings against juveniles. The Assistant Attorney...supervises the implementation of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act (18...

2013-07-01

174

28 CFR 0.57 - Criminal prosecutions against juveniles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Criminal prosecutions against juveniles. The Assistant Attorney...criminal proceedings against juveniles. The Assistant Attorney...supervises the implementation of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act (18...

2012-07-01

175

Juvenile Angiofibroma: Evolution of Management  

PubMed Central

Juvenile angiofibroma is a rare benign lesion originating from the pterygopalatine fossa with distinctive epidemiologic features and growth patterns. The typical patient is an adolescent male with a clinical history of recurrent epistaxis and nasal obstruction. Although the use of nonsurgical therapies is described in the literature, surgery is currently considered the ideal treatment for juvenile angiofibroma. Refinement in preoperative embolization has provided significant reduction of complications and intraoperative bleeding with minimal risk of residual disease. During the last decade, an endoscopic technique has been extensively adopted as a valid alternative to external approaches in the management of small-intermediate size juvenile angiofibromas. Herein, we review the evolution in the management of juvenile angiofibroma with particular reference to recent advances in diagnosis and treatment. PMID:22164185

Nicolai, Piero; Schreiber, Alberto; Bolzoni Villaret, Andrea

2012-01-01

176

Juvenile onset spondyloarthropathies: therapeutic aspects  

PubMed Central

Juvenile onset spondyloarthropathy (SpA) is a term that refers to a group of human leucocyte antigen (HLA)-B27 associated inflammatory disorders affecting children under the age of 16 years, producing a continuum of clinical symptoms through adulthood. This disease is characterised by enthesopathy and arthropathy affecting the joints of the lower extremities and seronegativity for IgM rheumatoid factor and antinuclear antibodies. Children usually present with undifferentiated SpA and progress to differentiated forms over time. Except for the prevalence of some clinical features at onset, the pathogenic and clinical aspects of juvenile onset SpAs resemble those of the adult disease. Thus application of the same or similar therapeutic measures for both juvenile and adult onset SpAs seems logical. Current treatments for juvenile onset SpA provide symptomatic improvement, but do not alter disease progression. The increased expression of tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF?) in synovial tissue of patients with adult and juvenile onset SpA and its correlation with infiltration of inflammatory mediators into the synovia suggest a significant pathogenic role of this cytokine. Clinical trials of anti-TNF? antibody (infliximab) therapy in patients with adult onset SpA have demonstrated significant clinical improvement in inflammatory pain, function, disease activity, and quality of life in correlation with histological and immunohistochemical evidence of modulation of synovial inflammatory processes. These promising findings suggest that anti-TNF? therapy may confer similar benefits in patients with juvenile onset SpA. PMID:12381509

Burgos-Vargas, R

2002-01-01

177

Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia.  

PubMed

Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML) is a rare fatal hematopoietic disorder of early childhood. We are presenting a case of 9-month-old female child who was admitted with abdominal distension, irritability, and hepatosplenomegaly. Peripheral blood film examination showed leukoerythroblastosis with leukocytosis, absolute monocytosis, microcytic hypo chromic anemia, and thrombocytopenia. Bone marrow examination showed myeloid hyperplasia, Hb HPLC revealed normal HbF (1.3 %) and HbA2 (2.9 %). There was absolute gamma globulinemia and DCT positivity. Cytogenetic studies revealed a normal karyotype with absence of Philadelphia (Ph) chromosome, monosomy 7 or any other chromosomal abnormality. Diagnosis of JMML was rendered according to the diagnostic criteria laid down by WHO classification 2008 with presence of peripheral blood monocytosis >1 × 10(9)/L, blasts <20 % of leucocytes in blood or nucleated cells in bone marrow, absence of Ph chromosome, presence of immature granulocytes in the blood and WBC count >10 × 10(9)/L. The patient was then started on a regimen of chemotherapy to which she gave a promising response. PMID:24426365

Sethi, Neha; Kushwaha, Shivani; Dhingra, Bhawana; Pujani, Mukta; Chandra, Jagdish; Shukla, Shailaja

2013-09-01

178

Genetics Home Reference: Juvenile primary lateral sclerosis  

MedlinePLUS

... and Families Resources for Health Professionals What glossary definitions help with understanding juvenile primary lateral sclerosis? autosomal ; autosomal recessive ; cell ; difficulty swallowing ; gene ; inherited ; juvenile ; motor ; protein ; recessive ; sclerosis ; spasticity You may find definitions for ...

179

Juvenile Myelomonocytic Leukemia (JMML) (For Parents)  

MedlinePLUS

... to Expect Ebola: What to Know Juvenile Myelomonocytic Leukemia (JMML) KidsHealth > Parents > Diseases & Conditions > Cancer & Tumors > Juvenile ... Causes Signs and Symptoms Diagnosis Treatment Coping About Leukemia Leukemia is a type of cancer that affects ...

180

Juvenile Offenders and Victims: 1999 National Report  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US Department of Justice (DOJ) has recently placed an item of interest online. This item, from the Office of Juvenile Justice and Deliquency Prevention (OJJDP), is the 1999 national report on Juvenile Offenders and Victims, "the most comprehensive source of information about juvenile crime, violence, and victimization and about the response of the juvenile justice system to these problems." The report is offered in seven chapters in .pdf format.

Sickmund, Melissa.

181

Guidelines for Juvenile Information Sharing. OJJDP Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The juvenile information sharing (JIS) guidelines were prepared by the Center for Network Development (CND) for the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). The guidelines suggest a course of action for key agency and organization stakeholders involved in a state or local effort to implement and sustain juvenile information…

Mankey, Jennifer; Baca, Patricia; Rondenell, Stephanie; Webb, Marilyn; McHugh, Denise

2006-01-01

182

Families, Juvenile Justice and Children's Mental Health.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The theme issue of this bulletin is a discussion of youth with emotional disturbances who are in the juvenile justice system and how to meet their needs. Articles include: (1) "Responding to the Mental Health Needs of Youth in the Juvenile Justice System" (Susan Rotenberg); (2) "Prevalence of Mental Disorders among Youth in the Juvenile Justice…

McManus, Marilyn C., Ed.

1997-01-01

183

Disability and Juvenile Delinquency: Issues and Trends  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The US juvenile justice system has gone through many changes since its inception in the late 1890s. Even with these changes and more than 100 years of empirical research, there is a paucity of literature published on juvenile delinquents with disabilities. The present article focuses on juvenile delinquents with disabilities, addressing…

Morris, Kimberly A.; Morris, Richard J.

2006-01-01

184

School of Biological Sciences Juvenile wood  

E-print Network

School of Biological Sciences Juvenile wood What is it and why should we be concerned? #12;School of Biological Sciences What is juvenile wood? A brief recap. There is no universally accepted definition of juvenile wood. It is typically described as follows · zone near to the pith · displays marked

185

Why do juvenile fish utilise mangrove habitats?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three hypotheses to discern the strong positive association between juvenile fish and mangrove habitat were tested with field and laboratory experiments. Artificial mangrove structure in the field attracted slightly more juvenile fish than areas without structure. Artificial structure left to accumulate fouling algae attracted four-times the total number of juvenile fish than areas without structure or areas with clean structure.

Pia Laegdsgaard; Craig Johnson

2001-01-01

186

Juvenile hypothyroidism among two populations exposed to radioiodine.  

PubMed Central

We found an epidemic of juvenile hypothyroidism among a population of self-defined "downwinders" living near the Hanford nuclear facility located in southeast Washington State. The episode followed massive releases of 131I. Self-reported data on 60 cases of juvenile hypothyroidism (<20 years of age) among a group of 801 Hanford downwinders are presented, as well as data concerning the thyroid status of approximately 160,000 children exposed to radioiodine before 10 years of age as a result of the 26 April 1986 Chernobyl explosion in the former Soviet Union. These children were residents of five regions near Chernobyl. They were examined by standardized screening protocols over a period of 5 years from 1991 to 1996. They are a well-defined group of 10 samples. Fifty-six cases of hypothyroidism were found among boys and 92 among girls. Body burdens of 137Cs have been correlated with hypothyroidism prevalence rates. On the other hand, the group of juvenile (<20 years of age) Hanford downwinders is not a representative sample. Most of the 77 cases of juvenile hypothyroidism in the Hanford group were diagnosed from 1945 to 1970. However, the ratio of reported cases to the county population under 20 years of age is roughly correlated with officially estimated mean levels of cumulative thyroid 131I uptake in these counties, providing evidence that juvenile hypothyroidism was associated with radioiodine exposures. Because even subtle hypothyroidism may be of clinical significance in childhood and can be treated, it may be useful to screen for the condition in populations exposed to radioiodine fallout. Although radiation exposure is associated with hypothyroidism, its excess among fallout-exposed children has not been previously quantified. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 6 PMID:10090710

Goldsmith, J R; Grossman, C M; Morton, W E; Nussbaum, R H; Kordysh, E A; Quastel, M R; Sobel, R B; Nussbaum, F D

1999-01-01

187

Juvenile Diabetes and Rehabilitation Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Severe complications of diabetes are more likely to occur with the juvenile diabetic and problems of psychosocial adjustment are recurring and difficult. Implications for the rehabilitation counselor are discussed in terms of employment considerations, the effects of complications, genetic counseling, and cooperation with other professionals.…

Stone, J. Blair; Gregg, Charles H.

1981-01-01

188

Correlates of female juvenile delinquency  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the relationships between the age at which female juvenile offenders receive their first sentencing and individual risk factors, family risk factors, and race. The individual risk factors include dropping out of school, physical abuse, sexual abuse, prostitution, substance abuse, gang involvement, poverty, pregnancy, and the existence of co-defendants. The family risk factors include parents’ marital status, familial

2003-01-01

189

Clinical assessment in juvenile dermatomyositis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM) is a multisystem inflammatory disease of unknown etiology that affects primarily the skin and muscles. Although the prognosis of JDM has improved considerably in the last three decades, a number of patients may develop irreversible damage due to the disease activity or its treatment. This damage may cause permanent disability and affect the quality of life of

Angelo Ravelli; Nicolino Ruperto; Lucia Trail; Enrico Felici; Elena Sala; Alberto Martini

2006-01-01

190

[Sex-linked juvenile retinoschisis].  

PubMed

About 13 observations of sexe linked juvenile retinoschisis, the authors describe the ophthalmoscopic, fluorographic and functional aspects of the disease whose caracteristics are:--its sexe linked recessive heredity; --its clinical characterestics associating: a microcystic macular degeneration, peripheral retinal lesions, vitreous body alterations, --an electroretinogram of the negative type. PMID:132916

François, P; Turut, P; Soltysik, C; Hache, J C

1976-02-01

191

Isolated Menarche in Juvenile Hypothyroidism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Isolated menarche is an unusual presentation of the advanced sexual development relative to bone age found in some patients with juvenile hypothyroidism. A case is presented, demonstrating that hypothyroidism should be considered in the eval uation of vaginal bleeding in childhood, particularly if skeletal maturation is delayed.

Veronica K. Piziak; Henry B. Hahn

1984-01-01

192

Photosensitivity in juvenile myoclonic epilepsy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Photosensitivity is reported to occur in approximately 40% of patients with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy. Our experience suggests that the prevalence is higher and may be related to both the duration of intermittent photic stimulation and also the age at which the procedure is undertaken. A two-year retrospective review of all EEGs was undertaken on all children attending a paediatric EEG

Richard Appleton; Margaret Beirne; Barbara Acomb

2000-01-01

193

Library Outreach to Juvenile Offenders in Intensive Supervision Probation Programs (Community Centered House Arrest)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The American Library Association encourages public libraries to extend their services to people in jails and detention centers, but there is little research that shows exactly how many libraries do so. Research shows that 54% of juveniles arrested are not sent to residential facilities but instead receive court ordered probation into an Intensive…

Brumfield, Elizabeth Jean

2008-01-01

194

Los Angeles County Juvenile Justice Crime Prevention Act. RAND Quarterly Report, October 2008. TR-621-LACPD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In July 2008, RAND Corporation staff conducted Correctional Program Checklist (CPC) assessments of five home-based programs (Asian Youth Center, Communities in Schools, Inter-Agency Drug Abuse Recovery Programs, Soledad Enrichment Action, and Stars Behavioral Health Group) as part of its ongoing evaluation of Juvenile Justice Crime Prevention Act…

Fain, Terry; Turner, Susan; Ridgeway, Greg

2008-01-01

195

78 FR 36469 - Promoting Technological Solutions to Combat Contraband Wireless Device Use in Correctional...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Solutions to Combat Contraband Wireless Device Use in Correctional Facilities AGENCY...combat the use of contraband wireless devices in correctional facilities nationwide...terminate service to a contraband wireless device if an authorized correctional...

2013-06-18

196

Headache in juvenile myoclonic epilepsy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of and risk factors for primary headaches in juvenile myoclonic epilepsy\\u000a (JME). Headache was classified in 75 patients with JME using a questionnaire, and its prevalence was correlated with the literature\\u000a on the general population and clinical data. Headache was present in 47 patients. Thirty-one had migraine [20 migraine without

Christoph J. Schankin; Jan Rémi; Ira Klaus; Petra Sostak; Veronika M. Reinisch; Soheyl Noachtar; Andreas Straube

2011-01-01

197

Mitotically active deep juvenile xanthogranuloma.  

PubMed

Juvenile xanthogranuloma is a relatively rare cutaneous tumor of histiocytic origin, occurring mainly in neonates, children, and young people in the first 2 decades of life. An occurrence in adults is rare. Very rare is also a "deep" subcutaneous and intramuscular localization of this tumor that is called in such case as "deep juvenile xanthogranuloma." A very uncommon variant of this tumor is the so-called mitotically active xanthogranuloma, which was described in the literature only in a single case. We present an interesting case of the mitotically active intramuscular juvenile xanthogranuloma of the upper arm in a 28-year-old woman. Before surgical excision, the tumor was examined by fine-needle aspiration biopsy. A diagnosis of deep malignant melanoma or alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma was considered. One year after the total excision, the patient is free of disease. In the presented case, we emphasize cytologic-histologic correlation. In the differential diagnosis, we considered especially an atypical diffuse giant cell tumor of tendon sheaths and joints (extra-articular pigmented villonodular synovitis) and some rare types of soft tissue leiomyosarcoma, such as epitheloid leiomyosarcoma and leiomyosarcoma with prominent osteoclast-like giant cells. PMID:20123455

Koren, Jan; Matecek, Ludovit; Zamecnik, Michal

2010-02-01

198

Swimming behaviour of juvenile Pacific lamprey, Lampetra tridentata  

SciTech Connect

Actively migrating juvenile Pacific lamprey (Lampetra tridentata Richardson, 1836) were collected from hydroelectric bypass facilities in the Columbia River and transferred to the laboratory to study their diel movement patterns and swimming ability. Volitional movement of lamprey was restricted mainly to night, with 94% of all swimming activity occurring during the 12-hr dark period. Burst speed of juvenile lamprey ranged from 56 to 94 cm/s with a mean of 71 ±5 cm/s or an average speed of 5.2 body lengths (BL)/s. Sustained swim speed for 5-min test intervals ranged from 0 to 46 cm/s with a median of 23 cm/s. Critical swimming speed was 36.0±10.0 cm/s and 2.4±0.6 BL/s. There was no significant relationship between fish length and critical swimming speed. Overall swimming performance of juvenile Pacific lamprey is low compared to that of most anadromous teleosts. Their poor swimming ability provides a challenge during the freshwater migration interval to the Pacific Ocean.

Dauble, Dennis D.; Moursund, Russell A.; Bleich, Matthew D.

2006-02-01

199

Juvenile morphology in baleen whale phylogeny  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Phylogenetic reconstructions are sensitive to the influence of ontogeny on morphology. Here, we use foetal/neonatal specimens of known species of living baleen whales (Cetacea: Mysticeti) to show how juvenile morphology of extant species affects phylogenetic placement of the species. In one clade (sei whale, Balaenopteridae), the juvenile is distant from the usual phylogenetic position of adults, but in the other clade (pygmy right whale, Cetotheriidae), the juvenile is close to the adult. Different heterochronic processes at work in the studied species have different influences on juvenile morphology and on phylogenetic placement. This study helps to understand the relationship between evolutionary processes and phylogenetic patterns in baleen whale evolution and, more in general, between phylogeny and ontogeny; likewise, this study provides a proxy how to interpret the phylogeny when fossils that are immature individuals are included. Juvenile individuals in the peramorphic acceleration clades would produce misleading phylogenies, whereas juvenile individuals in the paedomorphic neoteny clades should still provide reliable phylogenetic signals.

Tsai, Cheng-Hsiu; Fordyce, R. Ewan

2014-09-01

200

Juvenile morphology in baleen whale phylogeny  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Phylogenetic reconstructions are sensitive to the influence of ontogeny on morphology. Here, we use foetal/neonatal specimens of known species of living baleen whales (Cetacea: Mysticeti) to show how juvenile morphology of extant species affects phylogenetic placement of the species. In one clade (sei whale, Balaenopteridae), the juvenile is distant from the usual phylogenetic position of adults, but in the other clade (pygmy right whale, Cetotheriidae), the juvenile is close to the adult. Different heterochronic processes at work in the studied species have different influences on juvenile morphology and on phylogenetic placement. This study helps to understand the relationship between evolutionary processes and phylogenetic patterns in baleen whale evolution and, more in general, between phylogeny and ontogeny; likewise, this study provides a proxy how to interpret the phylogeny when fossils that are immature individuals are included. Juvenile individuals in the peramorphic acceleration clades would produce misleading phylogenies, whereas juvenile individuals in the paedomorphic neoteny clades should still provide reliable phylogenetic signals.

Tsai, Cheng-Hsiu; Fordyce, R. Ewan

2014-08-01

201

National Implications in Juvenile Justice: The Influence of Juvenile Mentoring Programs on At Risk Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1972 the federal government created the Juvenile Justice Delinquency Prevention Act that procured funding for various governmental programs to combat the sudden increase in juvenile crime. A provision of this Act set out the creation of mentoring programs to help decrease the juvenile crime rate and dropout rates in secondary schools. This…

Belshaw, Scott H.; Kritsonis, William Allan

2007-01-01

202

Runaway Juvenile Crime? The Context of Juvenile Arrests in America. Research in Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Violent and Repeat Juvenile Offender Act of 1997 (S-10) was to be debated in the Senate in spring 1998. This bill would blur the distinction between juvenile and adult criminal systems, making it easier to imprison children as young as 14. Supporters of S-10 were citing statistics to indicate that juvenile crime was on the rise. In fact, the…

Ziedenberg, Jason; Schiraldi, Vincent

203

JUVENILE DELINQUENCY AND YOUTH CRIME, TASK FORCE REPORT, REPORT ON JUVENILE JUSTICE AND CONSULTANTS PAPERS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS REPORT CONSISTS OF A DETAILED DISCUSSION OF THE JUVENILE COURT SYSTEM AND THE PREVENTION OF DELINQUENCY. THE COMMISSION'S RECOMMENDATIONS ON JUVENILE DELINQUENCY INCLUDE THE AREAS OF THE JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM, HOUSING AND RECREATION, FAMILIES, INVOLVING YOUTHS IN COMMUNITY LIFE, SCHOOLS, AND EMPLOYMENT. THE APPENDIXES, WHICH CONSTITUTE THE…

President's Commission on Law Enforcement and Administration of Justice, Washington, DC.

204

A Handbook for Juveniles and Parents on Maine's Juvenile Justice System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide explains Maine's juvenile justice system so that juveniles and/or their parents can know what to expect or what to do in a situation involving juveniles, public officials and the law. Although it is geographically specific, it could serve as a model to other states. The booklet can serve as a checklist to make sure law enforcement…

Mehnert, Irene

205

Black Juveniles in the Juvenile Justice System: A Cause for Alarm.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report examines the representation of black youth in the juvenile justice system, describes changes in juvenile justice philosophy, and discusses policy implications. Black youth are overrepresented at all stages of the juvenile justice system compared to white youth. Positivist theories explain this overrepresentation as the result of…

LeFlore, Larry

206

Genetics Home Reference: X-linked juvenile retinoschisis  

MedlinePLUS

... PubMed Recent literature OMIM Genetic disorder catalog Conditions > X-linked juvenile retinoschisis On this page: Description Genetic ... names Glossary definitions Reviewed August 2008 What is X-linked juvenile retinoschisis? X-linked juvenile retinoschisis is ...

207

Corrections. Focal Point: Research, Policy, and Practice in Children's Mental Health. Volume 20, Number 2, Summer 2006  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "Focal Point" describes the need for, and provides examples of, new strategies for meeting the mental health needs of children and adolescents involved with the juvenile justice system. Articles in this issue discuss the particular need for correction in the way that the juvenile justice system interacts with youth who have mental…

Walker, Janet S., Ed.

2006-01-01

208

Phase I archaeological survey of the proposed timber harvest area near the Regional Correctional Facility on the Fort Knox Military Reservation, Hardin County, Kentucky. Final report, September-October 1995  

SciTech Connect

In September 1995, the Fort Knox contract archaeology staff conducted a Phase I archaeological survey of a proposed timber harvest area near the Regional Correctional Facility on the Fort Knox Military Reservation, Hardin County, Kentucky. The proposed timber harvest area is approximately 122 m (400 feet) wide and 25 m (80 feet) long, encompassing approximately 0.30 ha (0.74 acres). Only selected trees will be harvested. The total area surveyed is 580 m long and 325 m wide, encompassing approximately 6.7 ha (16.5 acres). The survey resulted in the discovery of one archaeological site, outside the proposed timber harvest area. Site 15Hd498 is a small lithic scatter, which is considered potentially eligible for the National Register in part due to field conditions not conducive to the adequate investigation of its horizontal or vertical extent. Since 15Hd498 lies completely outside the proposed timber area, it is recommended that the timber harvest be conducted as proposed.

Schenian, P.A.; Mocas, S.T.

1995-10-01

209

Juvenile ossifying fibroma: Psammamatoid variant  

PubMed Central

Juvenile ossifying fibroma is a rare fibro-osseous lesion containing variable amount of calcified masses, which resembles bone or cementum within a fibrocellular connective tissue stroma. It has variable clinical behavior, highly aggressive in nature including invasion and destruction of adjacent anatomic structures with a strong tendency to recur. We reported a 28-year-old female patient with a growth in the upper left vestibule region extending from canine to molar region with clinical, histopathological, and radiological features are presented. Surgical management was done, and regular follow-up was advised. PMID:23293493

Aggarwal, Shivani; Garg, Ashish; Aggarwal, Ashim; Ahuja, Nitin; Rehman, Farzan

2012-01-01

210

Juvenile xanthogranuloma: unusual intraoral finding.  

PubMed

Juvenile xanthogranuloma is a rare non-Langerhans cell histiocytosis that usually presents as a self-limiting dermatological condition in young children. Rarely, extracutaneous sites may also be involved. We report a case in a 3-year-old girl that presented intraorally as a solitary, well-defined, soft, purple palatal swelling. Patients with these rare intraoral lesions may present to dentists and subsequently to oral and maxillofacial surgeons. Diagnosis requires histopathological analysis and immunohistochemical staining. Further investigation from other specialties is required to rule out involvement of other organ systems. PMID:25300889

Collins, L; Banks, R; Robinson, M

2015-01-01

211

Juvenile Offenders and Victims: 2006 National Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents comprehensive information on juvenile crime, violence, and victimization and on the juvenile justice system. This report brings together the latest available statistics from a variety of sources and includes numerous tables, graphs, and maps, accompanied by analyses in clear, nontechnical language. The report offers Congress,…

Snyder, Howard N.; Sickmund, Melissa

2006-01-01

212

Juvenile Offenders and Victims: 1999 National Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report offers the Congress, state legislators, and other state and local policymakers, professors and teachers, juvenile justice professionals, and concerned citizens solid answers to the most frequently asked questions about the nature of juvenile crime and victimization and about the justice system's response. Citing FBI and other data…

Snyder, Howard N.; Sickmund, Melissa

213

Juvenile Offender Comprehensive Reentry Substance Abuse Treatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The literature provides ample evidence of the relationship of substance abuse to crime. Research over the last 20 years has established a strong correlation between substance abuse and juvenile delinquency (held, 1998). Currently, there are more than 350,000 juveniles on probation and in continuing care programs in the U.S. who have substance…

Watson, Donnie W.

2004-01-01

214

TRUMAN STATE UNIVERSITY Juvenile Delinquency, Justice 332  

E-print Network

1 TRUMAN STATE UNIVERSITY Juvenile Delinquency, Justice 332 Class Information Where: Barnett Room received funds from the United States Department of Justice, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency use both addresses Catalog Description An analysis of the major theories of crime and delinquency

Gering, Jon C.

215

VERBAL LEARNING, MODELING, AND JUVENILE DELINQUENCY  

Microsoft Academic Search

DEALS WITH EXPOSURE TO OBSERVATIONAL LEARNING OPPORTUNITIES AS A POSSIBLE THERAPEUTIC TECHNIQUE WITH JUVENILE DELINQUENTS. INVESTIGATION OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN MODELING AND THE BEHAVIOR OF JUVENILE DELINQUENTS GREW OUT OF EXPERIMENTAL STUDIES OF PERSONALITY. AVAILABLE EVIDENCE SUGGESTS THAT OBSERVATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES ARE POTENTIALLY POWERFUL BEHAVIOR MODIFICATION INFLUENCES. THESE INFLUENCES ARE MOST NOTICEABLE IN THE AREAS OF PERSONAL ATTITUDES AND SOCIAL BEHAVIOR.

IRWIN G. SARASON

1968-01-01

216

Skills training as treatment for juvenile delinquents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Viewing skills deficits as parameters of juvenile offender dysfunctioning, and considering skills training as a treatment modality represent relatively new strategies for rehabilitation. Data from a police diversion project (the Dallas Police Department's Youth Services Program) are presented, indicating that levels of certain physical, emotional, and intellectual skills are related to rearrest recidivism for juvenile offenders. The results of providing

Thomas R. Collingwood; Robert W. Genthner

1980-01-01

217

Juvenile Anorexia Nervosa: Family Therapy's Natural Niche  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Juvenile Anorexia Nervosa (AN) is a severe problem both in terms of presenting symptomatology and its tendency toward chronicity. Researchers have consistently shown that family-based approaches are superior to individual approaches for the treatment of juvenile AN. This article addresses the capacity deficit of trained family therapists to treat…

Fishman, H. Charles

2006-01-01

218

SEXUALLY DIMORPHIC BODY PLUMAGE IN JUVENILE CROSSBILLS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sexual dimorphism in color and pattern of contour feathers is rare in juvenile songbirds. We describe how captive-bred juvenile males of Scottish Crossbill (Loxia scotica) and nominate Red Crossbill (L. curvirostra curvirostra) can be differentiated from females prior to prebasic molt by an unstreaked patch on the males' upper breast. There may be a functional relationship between sexual dimorphism and

PIM EDELAAR; RON E. PHILLIPS; PETER KNOPS

2005-01-01

219

Autosomal dominant juvenile amyotrophic lateral sclerosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Juvenile amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a form of chronic motor neuron disease characterized by combined upper and lower motor neuron symptoms and signs with onset prior to age 25 years. We report the clinical and electrodiagnostic findings in 49 affected family members and neuropathological findings from two autopsies of a Maryland kindred with autosomal dominant juvenile ALS linked

Bruce A. Rabin; John W. Griffin; Barbara J. Crain; Mena Scavina; Philip F. Chance; David R. Cornblath

1999-01-01

220

Factors Affecting Attitudes toward Juvenile Sex Offenders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated attitudes toward juvenile sex offenders and factors influencing those attitudes. Additionally, the influences of perpetrator characteristics such as age, gender, and ethnicity on societal attitudes towards intervention requirements were also investigated. Overall, attitudes toward juvenile sex offenders and their treatment…

Sahlstrom, Kimberly J.; Jeglic, Elizabeth L.

2008-01-01

221

Juvenile dispersal in Calomys venustus (Muridae: Sigmodontinae)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Both spacing behaviour and dispersal movement are viewed as hierarchical processes in which the effects may be expressed at spatial scale. This research was carried out to examine the hypothesis that the presence of parents promotes the dispersal of juveniles from their natal nest and their father or mother home-range, in Calomys venustus.The study was carried out in four 0.25 ha fences (two controls and two experimentals), in a natural pasture. This study had two periods: Father Removal (FR) (August and December 1997; year one) and Mother Removal (MR) (August 1998 and January 1999; year two). For the FR treatment fathers were removed after juveniles were born, but in the MR treatment mothers were removed after the juveniles were weaned. The effect of parents on the dispersal distance of juveniles was analysed with respect to their natal nest and their mother and father home-range. Dispersal distance from the nest of C. venustus was independent of either male or female parent. Juveniles were more dispersing in relation to the centre of activity of their mothers than to that of their fathers, and females were more dispersing than males. Female juveniles overlap their home-range with their parents less than male juveniles do. The differences observed between female and male juveniles would be related to their different sexual maturation times, as well as to the female territoriality.

Priotto, José; Steinmann, Andrea; Provensal, Cecilia; Polop, Jaime

2004-05-01

222

67 FR 43254 - NARA Facilities; Addresses and Hours  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...NARA Facilities; Addresses and Hours AGENCY...regulation that lists NARA facilities...corrections to email addresses for the Presidential...corrections to email addresses for the Presidential...implications. List of Subjects...

2002-06-27

223

Management of juvenile myoclonic epilepsy.  

PubMed

Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) is a common form of epilepsy and a fairly lifelong disorder that may significantly lower a patient's expectations and potential for a full life. Luckily, it is also a highly treatable disorder, and up to 85% of patients with JME will enjoy satisfactory seizure control. Among anticonvulsants, valproate still stands out as the most efficacious drug, but may be poorly tolerated by some, and is considered unsafe for the fetuses of pregnant women. Alternatives have emerged in recent years, especially levetiracetam, but also topiramate, zonisamide or lamotrigine. In some cases, combination therapy may be useful or even required. One should not forget the potential aggravation induced not only by some commonly used anticonvulsants, especially carbamazepine and oxcarbazepine, but also, in some patients, by lamotrigine. In special settings, older drugs like benzodiazepines and barbiturates may be useful. But the management of JME should also include intervention in lifestyle, with strict avoidance of sleep deprivation and the management of copathologies, including the cognitive and psychiatric problems that are often encountered. With adequate management, there will only remain a small proportion of patients with uncontrolled epilepsy and all of its related problems. Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy is a condition in which the clinician has a fair chance of significantly helping the patient with medication and counseling. PMID:23756489

Crespel, Arielle; Gelisse, Philippe; Reed, Ronald C; Ferlazzo, Edoardo; Jerney, Judith; Schmitz, Bettina; Genton, Pierre

2013-07-01

224

Genetic heterogeneity in juvenile NCL  

SciTech Connect

The neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses (NCL) are a group of related lysosomal storage diseases classified according to the age of onset, clinical syndrome, and pathology. The clinical syndromes include myoclonus, visual failure, progressive dementia, ataxia and generalized tonic clonic seizures in varying combinations depending on the age of onset and pathology. The mode of inheritance is autosomal recessive in most cases, except for several families with the adult form (Kufs` disease) which have autosomal dominant inheritance. Linkage for the infantile (Halatia-Santavuori) form (CLN1), characterized ultrastructurally by lysosomal granular osmiophilic deposits (GROD), has been demonstrated with markers on chromosome lp, while the gene for the typical juvenile (Spielmeyer-Vogt) form (CLN3), characterized by fingerprint-profile inclusions, has been linked to chromosome 16p. The gene locations of the late infantile (Jansky-Bielschowsky) and adult (Kufs` disease) forms are unknown, although it has recently been shown that the late infantile form does not link to chromosome 16p. We describe three siblings, including a pair of monozygotic twins, with juvenile onset NCL with GROD in whom linkage to the CLN3 region of chromsome 16p has been excluded. This would suggest that there is genetic heterogeneity not only among the different clinical syndromes, but also among identical clinical syndromes with different ultrastructural characteristics. Preliminary studies of linkage to chromosome 1p employing the microsatellite marker HY-TM1 have been uninformative. Further studies with other chromosome 1 markers are underway.

Hart, Y.M.; Andermann, E.; Mitchison, H.M. [Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital, Quebec (Canada)] [and others

1994-09-01

225

Juvenile Psoriatic Arthritis (JPsA): juvenile arthritis with psoriasis?  

PubMed Central

Background Following the introduction of the ILAR criteria for juvenile idiopathic arthritis, juvenile psoriatic arthritis (JPsA) has become a better recognized category within the inflammatory arthritides of childhood.?There are fewer reports describing the characteristics and long-term outcome of patients with JPsA than other subtypes of JIA. The aim of our study was to determine the long-term outcome and clinical course of patients with juvenile psoriatic arthritis (JPsA) and to define subgroups of JPsA. Methods Clinical records of all patients meeting criteria for JPsA were reviewed and divided into 4 groups depending on their clinical features and onset type. Patient characteristics and clinical features at onset and during follow-up were determined. Results The cohort consisted of 119 patients: 65 with oligoarticular-onset (55%; persistent 44 and extended 21), 34 (29%) with RF(-) and 4 (3%) RF(+) polyarticular and 16 (13%) enthesitis-related arthritis (ERA). At diagnosis patients with ERA were oldest and more commonly male (p=0.001 and =0.01 respectively). Patients with a polyarticular course had more involvement of small joints of the hands and wrist when compared to patients with persistent oligoarticular and ERA (p<0.001) while patients with ERA had more hip and sacroiliac arthritis (p<0.001 for both). Nail changes were seen in 66 patients (57%) and were associated with DIP involvement (p=0.0034). Outcome: Time to first inactive disease on, but not off, therapy was significantly longer among patients with polyarticular course when compared to oligoarticular and ERA (p=0.016 and p=0.48 respectively). Patients with polyarticular course more frequently had contractures during follow-up than other groups (p=0.01). Conclusion The long-term outcome of with JPsA was generally good. Patients with JPsA did not appear to form distinct sub-group of patients but rather resembled JIA patients with onset types without psoriasis. PMID:23497068

2013-01-01

226

Challenging the Myths: 1999 National Report Series. Juvenile Justice Bulletin.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bulletin, extracted from "Juvenile Offenders and Victims: 1999 National Report," examines juvenile crime statistics, demonstrating that the predictions in the early 1990s of the emergence of juvenile superpredators (juveniles for whom violence is a way of life) is not supported by current data. Research indicates that levels of predatory…

Snyder, Howard N.; Sickmund, Melissa

227

Modelling Juvenile Wood Barry Gardiner and Elspeth Macdonald  

E-print Network

Lean #12;01/12/20083 Modelling Juvenile Wood MOE versus Cambial Age in Sitka Spruce Courtesy Paul Mc Radius (cm) Height(m) Vertical Slice Showing Growth Ring Every 5 Years JuvenileWoodVol 0 heights TreeAge wood Cross-section at 4.8m #12;Modelling Juvenile Wood Juvenile wood area in relation to tree age

228

Attitudes regarding life sentences for juvenile offenders.  

PubMed

Twice in recent years, the U.S. Supreme Court has considered the constitutionality of life sentences without the possibility of parole (LWOP) for juvenile offenders. Given the public nature of this issue, there is scant information on beliefs about imposing LWOP on juveniles. Attitudes on related issues suggest two possibilities. On the one hand, because public opinion regarding juvenile offenders has become somewhat less punitive recently, LWOP may be viewed as excessively harsh punishment. On the other hand, portrayal of some juvenile offenders as superpredators suggests that LWOP may still have public support. We used survey methodology and the unique "ninth justice paradigm" to examine how an offender's age influences beliefs about the appropriateness of LWOP, and the relationship between those beliefs and punishment-related ideologies. Results showed that, except in the case of murder, the majority of respondents disfavored imposing LWOP on juveniles, though a subset approved broad use of LWOP even for young offenders. In fact, after removing from consideration those who oppose LWOP under any circumstances, youthfulness of the offender has little impact on the beliefs about the types of crimes in which LWOP should be imposed (Study 1) or the mean sentence lengths imposed on juvenile offenders (Study 2). Respondents' punishment goals influenced their attitudes, as did beliefs about the likelihood of rehabilitation and reform. Harsh judgments of juveniles who commit serious crimes may result from dispositional attributions of youthful offenders as irredeemable. PMID:23646918

Greene, Edie; Evelo, Andrew J

2013-08-01

229

No Time To Play: Youthful Offenders in Adult Correctional Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The number of juveniles tried as adults increased by 71 percent from 1985 through 1994. A comprehensive look at the growing population of youthful offenders housed in adult facilities and guidance in managing this special needs population is provided. Section 1, "History and Current Realities," includes a brief review of the history of the…

Glick, Barry; Sturgeon, William

230

Four Steps to a Sound Correctional Research and Statistics Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

We cannot properly operate a multimillion-dollar program to rehabilitate offenders unless we have some way to determine whether the money spent in program, personnel, and plant is wisely invested. Indeed, with the tremendous growth and sys tematizing of knowledge in the areas of juvenile delinquency and correction, states have an excellent base for developing useful programs for evaluating their probation,

James A. Mccafferty

1962-01-01

231

Chemical Evolution of the Juvenile Universe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Models of average Galactic chemical abundances are in good general agreement with observations for [Fe/H] > -1.5, but there are gross discrepancies at lower metallicities. Only massive stars contribute to the chemical evolution of the `juvenile universe' corresponding to [Fe/H] <~ -1.5. If Type II supernovae (SNe II) are the only relevant sources, then the abundances in the interstellar medium of the juvenile epoch are simply the sum of different SN II contributions. Both low-mass (~8-11 Msolar) and normal (~12-25 Msolar) SNe II produce neutron stars, which have intense neutrino-driven winds in their nascent stages. These winds produce elements such as Sr, Y and Zr through charged-particle reactions (CPR). Such elements are often called the `light r-process elements', but are considered here as products of CPR and not the r process. The observed absence of production of the low-A elements (Na through Zn including Fe) when the true r-process elements (Ba and above) are produced requires that only low-mass SNe II be the site if the r process occurs in SNe II. Normal SNe II produce the CPR elements in addition to the low-A elements. This results in a two-component model that is quantitatively successful in explaining the abundances of all elements relative to hydrogen for -3 <~ [Fe/H] <~ -1.5. This model explicitly predicts that [Sr/Fe] >= -0.32. Recent observations show that there are stars with [Sr/Fe] <~ -2 and [Fe/H] < -3. This proves that the two-component model is not correct and that a third component is necessary to explain the observations. The production of CPR elements associated with the formation of neutron stars requires that the third component must be massive stars ending as black holes. It is concluded that stars of ~25-50 Msolar (possibly up to ~100 Msolar) are the appropriate candidates. These produce hypernovae (HNe) that have very high Fe yields and are observed today. Stars of ~140-260 Msolar are completely disrupted upon explosion. However, they produce an abundance pattern greatly deficient in elements of odd atomic numbers, which is not observed, and therefore they are not considered as a source here. Using a Salpeter initial mass function, it is shown that HNe are a source of Fe that far outweighs normal SNe II, with the former and the latter contributing ~24% and ~9% of the solar Fe abundance, respectively. It follows that the usual assignment of AS08058_IE1.gif of the solar Fe abundance to normal SNe II is not correct. This leads to a simple three-component model including low-mass and normal SNe II and HNe, which gives a good description of essentially all the data for stars with [Fe/H] <~ -1.5. We conclude that HNe are more important than normal SNe II in the chemical evolution of the low-A elements from Na through Zn (including Fe), in sharp distinction to earlier models.

Wasserburg, G. J.; Qian, Y.-Z.

2009-09-01

232

Law & psychiatry: punishing juveniles who kill.  

PubMed

Punishment of juvenile murderers forces policy makers to weigh the developmental immaturity of adolescents against the heinousness of their crimes. The U.S. Supreme Court has progressively limited the severity of punishments that can be imposed on juveniles, holding that their impulsivity, susceptibility to peer pressure, and more fluid character render them less culpable for their actions. Having eliminated the death penalty as a punishment, the Court recently struck down mandatory life sentences without prospect of parole. The decision is interesting for its emphasis on rehabilitation, opening the door to further restrictions on punitive sentences for juveniles-and perhaps for adults too. PMID:23032673

Appelbaum, Paul S

2012-10-01

233

Biologic therapies for juvenile arthritis  

PubMed Central

A group of therapies with exciting potential has emerged for children and young people with severe juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) uncontrolled by conventional disease modifying drugs. Theoretical understanding from molecular biologic research has identified specific targets within pathophysiological pathways that control rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and JIA. This review identifies the pathways of autoimmunity to begin to show how biologic agents have been produced to replicate, mimic, or block culpable molecules and so promote or inhibit cellular activity or proliferation. Of these agents, cytokine antagonists have shown greatest promise, and early clinical studies of tumour necrosis factor (TNF) blockade have identified dramatic clinical benefit in many children with JIA. However, as will also be discussed, overlap of pathways within a complex immune system makes clinical response unpredictable and raises additional ethical and administrative concerns. PMID:12598373

Wilkinson, N; Jackson, G; Gardner-Medwin, J

2003-01-01

234

Sialochemistry in juvenile chronic arthritis.  

PubMed

Stimulated parotid gland secretions collected from 16 patients with juvenile chronic arthritis (JCA) were analysed and the results compared with those obtained from 83 healthy sex-, age-, and socioeconomic status-matched children. Parotid salivary flow rate was measured and the saliva samples were assayed for calcium, phosphorus, potassium, chloride, sodium, urea, lysozyme, amylase and immunoglobulin levels (IgA, Ig, IgM). Our results showed that parotid flow rate (PFR) values in JCA patients were not statistically different from those in healthy controls. However, the mean salivary concentrations of calcium, phosphorus, potassium, lysozyme and IgA were significantly lower in the patients. These data could provide an explanation for the increased incidence of caries and gingivitis observed in JCA. PMID:2477107

Siamopoulou, A; Mavridis, A K; Vasakos, S; Benecos, P; Tzioufas, A G; Andonopoulos, A P

1989-10-01

235

Conceptualizing juvenile prostitution as child maltreatment: findings from the National Juvenile Prostitution Study.  

PubMed

Two studies were conducted to identify the incidence (Study 1) and characteristics (Study 2) of juvenile prostitution cases known to law enforcement agencies in the United States. Study 1 revealed a national estimate of 1,450 arrests or detentions (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1,287-1,614) in cases involving juvenile prostitution during a 1-year period. In Study 2, exploratory data were collected from a subsample of 138 cases from police records in 2005. The cases are broadly categorized into three main types: (a) third-party exploiters, (b) solo prostitution, and (c) conventional child sexual abuse (CSA) with payment. Cases were classified into three initial categories based on police orientation toward the juvenile: (a) juveniles as victims (53%), (b) juveniles as delinquents (31%), and (c) juvenile as both victims and delinquents (16%). When examining the status of the juveniles by case type, the authors found that all the juveniles in CSA with payment cases were treated as victims, 66% in third-party exploiters cases, and 11% in solo cases. Findings indicate law enforcement responses to juvenile prostitution are influential in determining whether such youth are viewed as victims of commercial sexual exploitation or as delinquents. PMID:19926628

Mitchell, Kimberly J; Finkelhor, David; Wolak, Janis

2010-02-01

236

A Guide To Test Instruments for Entry and Exit Assessment in Florida Department of Juvenile Justice Educational Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1999 Florida Legislature revised the laws pertaining to the assessment of students in Department of Juvenile Justice (DJJ) facilities. Revisions identified specific requirements for measuring student academic progress in the basic skill areas of reading, writing, and mathematics. Following the passage of this legislation, the Department of…

Florida State Dept. of Education, Tallahassee. Bureau of Instructional Support and Community Services.

237

77 FR 24687 - Meeting of the Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...COORDINATING COUNCIL ON JUVENILE JUSTICE AND DELINQUENCY PREVENTION [OJP...Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention AGENCY: Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention....

2012-04-25

238

76 FR 54978 - Special Immigrant Juvenile Petitions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...iii), for the following reasons. Marriage alters the dependent relationship with...emancipation, other than emancipation by marriage, based on State law. Another context...revoking approval of the petition upon the marriage of the juvenile). As discussed...

2011-09-06

239

Screening Incarcerated Juveniles Using the MAYSI-2.  

PubMed

The high prevalence of mental health disorders among incarcerated juveniles is a matter of national and global concern. Juvenile justice personnel need accurate screening measures that identify youth requiring immediate mental health services. The purpose of this study was threefold: (a) to examine the utility of the Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument, Version 2 (MAYSI-2) in identifying juveniles with mental health concerns in a large sample of juveniles (N = 4,009), (b) to provide data regarding rates of identified mental health needs in incarcerated youth, and (c) to provide descriptive comparisons to other studies using the MAYSI-2. Mean scores of subscales were compared with the MAYSI-2 normative samples and other recent studies. Results indicated that this population has a high occurrence of mental health symptoms and there is high variability in the severity of the symptoms. In addition, a multivariate analysis of variance test found significant differences in mental health problems across ethnic groups. PMID:25431437

Gilbert, Amy L; Grande, Todd L; Hallman, Janelle; Underwood, Lee A

2015-01-01

240

Dominant inheritance of Scheuermann's juvenile kyphosis.  

PubMed Central

We report a family in which Scheuermann's juvenile kyphosis is present in three successive generations with male to male transmission. This provides further evidence for autosomal dominant inheritance in at least some families with this condition. Images PMID:2738903

Findlay, A; Conner, A N; Connor, J M

1989-01-01

241

Genetics Home Reference: Juvenile hyaline fibromatosis  

MedlinePLUS

... Patients and Families Resources for Health Professionals What glossary definitions help with understanding juvenile hyaline fibromatosis? autosomal ; ... many other terms in the Genetics Home Reference Glossary . See also Understanding Medical Terminology . References (6 links) ...

242

Correlates of moral development in juvenile delinquents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Moral reasoning and development have been the focus of considerable research in the past two decades, stimulated primarily\\u000a by Kohlberg’s formulation of the stages of moral development. Studies of juvenile delinquents have indicated that youthful\\u000a offenders are at lower developmental stages of moral reasoning than their nondeliquent counterparts. Some research has also\\u000a examined patterns among juvenile delinquents with respect to

Carol Veneziano; Louis Veneziano

1988-01-01

243

Juvenile angiofibroma of the maxillary sinus.  

PubMed

Juvenile angiofibromas are benign fibro-vascular tumours of the nasopharynx that develop in prepubertal and adolescent males. Typical symptoms are longstanding unilateral nasal obstruction occasionally followed by epistaxes and frequent severe intraoperative haemorrhage of the discovered mass. We report the case of a 14-year-old boy histologically diagnosed with a juvenile angiofibroma in spite of the atypical localisation of the polyploid mass of the left maxillary sinus. PMID:23397786

Malvi?, Goran; Manestar, Dubravko; Krstulja, Mira; Corak, Davor; Candrli?, Barbara; Kujundzi?, Milodar; Velepic, Marko; Starcevi?, Radan

2012-11-01

244

The value of video-EEG monitoring to diagnose juvenile myoclonic epilepsy  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveA diagnostic accuracy of conventional electroencephalography (EEG) is approximately 50% at best. We aimed to determine the accuracy of video-EEG monitoring (VEM) for a correct diagnosis and the feasibility of its clinical application. The data from all 55 patients (M:F=31:24) with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) who underwent VEM were reviewed according to the clinical history, brain imaging and video-EEG findings.

Kyung-Il Park; Sang Kun Lee; Kon Chu; Jung Ju Lee; Dong Wook Kim; Hyunwoo Nam

2009-01-01

245

Juvenile morphology in baleen whale phylogeny.  

PubMed

Phylogenetic reconstructions are sensitive to the influence of ontogeny on morphology. Here, we use foetal/neonatal specimens of known species of living baleen whales (Cetacea: Mysticeti) to show how juvenile morphology of extant species affects phylogenetic placement of the species. In one clade (sei whale, Balaenopteridae), the juvenile is distant from the usual phylogenetic position of adults, but in the other clade (pygmy right whale, Cetotheriidae), the juvenile is close to the adult. Different heterochronic processes at work in the studied species have different influences on juvenile morphology and on phylogenetic placement. This study helps to understand the relationship between evolutionary processes and phylogenetic patterns in baleen whale evolution and, more in general, between phylogeny and ontogeny; likewise, this study provides a proxy how to interpret the phylogeny when fossils that are immature individuals are included. Juvenile individuals in the peramorphic acceleration clades would produce misleading phylogenies, whereas juvenile individuals in the paedomorphic neoteny clades should still provide reliable phylogenetic signals. PMID:25081817

Tsai, Cheng-Hsiu; Fordyce, R Ewan

2014-09-01

246

Movements and activity of juvenile Brown Treesnakes (Boiga irregularis)  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Understanding the spatial ecology and foraging strategy of invasive animals is essential for success in control or eradication. We studied movements and activity in juvenile Brown Treesnakes on Guam, as this population segment has proven particularly difficult to control. Distance between daytime refugia (from telemetry of 18 juveniles, 423-800 mm snout-vent length) ranged from 0-118 m (n ?=? 86), with a grand mean of 43 m. There were tendencies for shorter snake movements on nights directly following a full moon and on dry nights, but variation among snakes was of a larger magnitude and would greatly reduce chances to detect moon or rain effects unless corrected for. Snake activity was estimated from audio recordings of signals from “tipping” radio transmitters, analyzed for pulse period and amplitude. Activity was highest in the hours immediately after sunset, and gradually declined throughout the night before dropping abruptly in conjunction with sunrise. Snake activity was higher on rainy nights, and tended to be highest during waning moons and when the moon was below the horizon. We conclude that small Brown Treesnakes forage actively and appear to move far enough to regularly encounter the traps and bait used on Guam for control purposes, suggesting that alternative explanations are required for their low capture rates with these control tools.

Lardner, Bjorn; Savidge, Julie A.; Reed, Robert; Rodda, Gordon H.

2014-01-01

247

42 CFR 431.246 - Corrective action.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...corrective payments, retroactive to the date an incorrect action was taken, and, if appropriate, provide for admission or readmission of an individual to a facility if— (a) The hearing decision is favorable to the applicant or recipient; or...

2010-10-01

248

SpineCor treatment for Juvenile Idiopathic Scoliosis: SOSORT award 2010 winner  

PubMed Central

Introduction Juvenile idiopathic scoliosis is a condition used to describe patients who are least 4 years of age but younger than 10 when the deformity is first identified. In these patients, the condition is usually progressive and those that are diagnosed at five years or younger have a high chance of progression to a large curve, with additional pulmonary and cardiac complications. The main form of conservative treatment for juvenile scoliosis is the use of a bracing system. This prospective interventional study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of the Dynamic SpineCor orthosis for juvenile idiopathic scoliosis as well as to evaluate the stability of the spine after the weaning point. Material and Methods For this study, 150 juvenile patients were treated by the SpineCor orthosis between 1993 and 2009. Of these, 67 patients had a definite outcome and 83 are still actively being treated. To determine the effectiveness of the brace the OUTCOME criteria recommended by the SRS was used. Results The results from our study showed that of the 67 patients with a definite outcome, 32.9% corrected their Cobb angle by at least 5° and 10.5% had a stabilization of their Cobb angle. Within the patients with a definite outcome, 37.3% of patients where recommended for surgery before authorized end of treatment. For this group of patients, surgery was postponed. Looking at the stability of the curves 2 years after the end of the treatment, we found 12.5% of the patients continued their correction without the brace being used and 71.4% remained stable. Discussion From our study we can clearly see that the effectiveness of the SpineCor orthosis in obtaining and maintaining the neuromuscular integration of the corrective movement can be achieved effectively for juvenile patients. Over 75% of all patients that finished the treatment had remained stable with a few continuing to correct their Cobb angle after the use of the SpineCor orthosis was discontinued. Conclusion Our conclusion from this study is that the SpineCor orthosis is a very effective method of treatment of juvenile idiopathic scoliosis. The results obtained also indicate that treatment outcomes are better with early bracing. Most encouraging perhaps is the fact that the positive outcome appears to be maintained in the long term, and that surgery can be avoided or at least postponed. PMID:21067608

2010-01-01

249

Juvenile hormone titer versus juvenile hormone synthesis in female nymphs and adults of the German  

E-print Network

. Journal of Insect Science 6:47, available online: insectscience.org/6.47 Journal of Insect Science | www.insectscience.org ISSN: 1536-2442 Journal of Insect Science: Vol. 6 | Article 47 1 #12;Introduction Changes in juvenile of Forensic Medicine, Ignaz Harrerstr, 79, 5020 Salzburg, Austria Abstract Patterns of juvenile hormone have

Piulachs, M. Dolors

250

Female Juvenile Delinquency: Misunderstood by the Juvenile Justice System, Neglected by Social Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study of juvenile delinquency has focused primarily on conduct disorder and aggression in males, while relatively little attention has been paid to females who commit delinquent acts. This article offers a critical review of the existing theories of and research on female delinquency and the juvenile justice system's response to female delinquency. The inadequacies and persistence of historical theories

Stephanie Hoyt; David G. Scherer

1998-01-01

251

The Juvenile Justice System and Its Treatment of the Juvenile: An Overview.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the juvenile court system in the United States and traces its history and philosophy. Presents figures and statistics which pose questions involving the efficacy of the juvenile justice system. Presents some measures suggested by studies set up to establish uniform standards relating to treatment of the young. (Author)

Rich, Philip

1982-01-01

252

Characteristics of Crimes against Juveniles. Crimes against Children Series. Juvenile Justice Bulletin.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Bulletin reviews data from the Federal Bureau of Investigation's 1997 National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS) data file that pertain to juvenile victims, revealing that while juveniles made up 26% of the population of the 12 states participating in NIBRS in 1997, they accounted for only 12% of the reported crime victims. At the same…

Finkelhor, David; Ormrod, Richard

253

An Empirical Evaluation of Juvenile Awareness Programs in the United States: Can Juveniles Be "Scared Straight"?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Juvenile awareness programs like Scared Straight became popular crime prevention strategies during the 1970s. Juvenile offenders and at-risk youth who participate in these programs are taken to prisons where inmates use confrontational methods to recount stories about violence, sex, and abuse perpetrated by fellow inmates while living a life…

Klenowski, Paul M.; Bell, Keith J.; Dodson, Kimberly D.

2010-01-01

254

Academic Achievement Among Juvenile Detainees.  

PubMed

The literature has long pointed to heightened frequencies of learning disabilities (LD) within the population of law offenders; however, a systematic appraisal of these observations, careful estimation of these frequencies, and investigation of their correlates and causes have been lacking. Here we present data collected from all youth (1,337 unique admissions, mean age 14.81, 20.3% females) placed in detention in Connecticut (January 1, 2010-July 1, 2011). All youth completed a computerized educational screener designed to test a range of performance in reading (word and text levels) and mathematics. A subsample (n = 410) received the Wide Range Achievement Test, in addition to the educational screener. Quantitative (scale-based) and qualitative (grade-equivalence-based) indicators were then analyzed for both assessments. Results established the range of LD in this sample from 13% to 40%, averaging 24.9%. This work provides a systematic exploration of the type and severity of word and text reading and mathematics skill deficiencies among juvenile detainees and builds the foundation for subsequent efforts that may link these deficiencies to both more formal, structured, and variable definitions and classifications of LD, and to other types of disabilities (e.g., intellectual disability) and developmental disorders (e.g., ADHD) that need to be conducted in future research. PMID:24064502

Grigorenko, Elena L; Macomber, Donna; Hart, Lesley; Naples, Adam; Chapman, John; Geib, Catherine F; Chart, Hilary; Tan, Mei; Wolhendler, Baruch; Wagner, Richard

2013-09-24

255

Quantifying mortal injury of juvenile Chinook salmon exposed to simulated hydro-turbine passage  

SciTech Connect

A proportion of juvenile Chinook salmon and other salmonids travel through one or more turbines during seaward migration in the Columbia and Snake River every year. Despite this understanding, limited information exists on how these fish respond to hydraulic pressures found during turbine passage events. In this study we exposed juvenile Chinook salmon to varied acclimation pressures and subsequent exposure pressures (nadir) to mimic the hydraulic pressures of large Kaplan turbines (ratio of pressure change). Additionally, we varied abiotic (total dissolved gas, rate of pressure change) and biotic (condition factor, fish length, fish weight) factors that may contribute to the incidence of mortal injury associated with fish passing through hydro-turbines. We determined that the main factor associated with mortal injury of juvenile Chinook salmon during simulated turbine passage was the ratio between acclimation and nadir pressures. Condition factor, total dissolved gas, and the rate of pressure change were found to only slightly increase the predictive power of equations relating probability of mortal injury to conditions of exposure or characteristics of test fish during simulated turbine passage. This research will assist engineers and fisheries managers in operating and improving hydroelectric facility efficiency while minimizing mortality and injury of turbine-passed juvenile Chinook salmon. The results are discussed in the context of turbine development and the necessity of understanding how different species of fish will respond to the hydraulic pressures of turbine passage.

Brown, Richard S.; Carlson, Thomas J.; Gingerich, Andrew J.; Stephenson, John R.; Pflugrath, Brett D.; Welch, Abigail E.; Langeslay, Mike; Ahmann, Martin L.; Johnson, Robert L.; Skalski, John R.; Seaburg, Adam; Townsend, Richard L.

2012-02-01

256

Corrections, the Public Safety, and Offenders' Needs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the institutional mission and characteristics of local, state, and federal corrections facilities. Reviews the rights of prisoners and considers the interlocking components of a successful rehabilitation effort. Reports on future correctional issues such as in-house substance abuse programs and the aging of the prison population. (MJP)

Quinlan, J. Michael

1997-01-01

257

A Cabled Acoustic Telemetry System for Detecting and Tracking Juvenile Salmon: Part 1. Engineering Design and Instrumentation  

PubMed Central

In 2001 the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Portland District (OR, USA), started developing the Juvenile Salmon Acoustic Telemetry System, a nonproprietary sensing technology, to meet the needs for monitoring the survival of juvenile salmonids through eight large hydroelectric facilities within the Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS). Initial development focused on coded acoustic microtransmitters and autonomous receivers that could be deployed in open reaches of the river for detection of the juvenile salmonids implanted with microtransmitters as they passed the autonomous receiver arrays. In 2006, the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory began the development of an acoustic receiver system for deployment at hydropower facilities (cabled receiver) for detecting fish tagged with microtransmitters as well as tracking them in two or three dimensions for determining route of passage and behavior as the fish passed at the facility. The additional information on route of passage, combined with survival estimates, is used by the dam operators and managers to make structural and operational changes at the hydropower facilities to improve survival of fish as they pass the facilities through the FCRPS. PMID:22163918

Weiland, Mark A.; Deng, Z. Daniel; Seim, Tom A.; LaMarche, Brian L.; Choi, Eric Y.; Fu, Tao; Carlson, Thomas J.; Thronas, Aaron I.; Eppard, M. Brad

2011-01-01

258

Glucocorticoids in juvenile idiopathic arthritis.  

PubMed

Glucocorticoid (GC) drugs are a potent and rapidly effective therapeutic option for the treatment of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). These medications are mainly used for the management of the extra-articular features of systemic-onset disease. A course of low-dose prednisone may be considered for achieving a rapid disease control in patients with severe polyarthritis refractory to other therapies or while awaiting the full therapeutic effect of a recently initiated disease-modifying antirheumatic drug or biologic agent. Short-term systemic GC administration may also be indicated for chronic iridocyclitis unresponsive to topical therapy. The general objective of GC therapy is to limit the maximum dose and exposure to the highest doses to what is needed to achieve disease control, and then to gradually taper the dose until the minimum level sufficient to maintain disease quiescence over time is reached. High-dose intravenous 'pulse' methylprednisolone administration is sometimes chosen to treat the most severe or acute disease manifestations of systemic JIA, particularly macrophage activation syndrome. Intra-articular GC injection is a safe and rapidly effective treatment for synovitis in children with chronic arthritis. Triamcinolone hexacetonide is the optimal GC preparation for pediatric patients. Local injection therapy is used most frequently to treat oligoarthritis, but the strategy of performing multiple injections to induce disease remission, while simultaneously initiating therapy with second-line or biologic agents, has also been proposed for children with polyarticular JIA. Administration of GCs is associated with potentially deleterious adverse effects, some of which can be irreversible. This highlights the need of a judicious use of these medications and careful monitoring of their toxicity. The recently published recommendations for the management of JIA provide useful guidance to the clinicians for the administration of GCs in children with chronic arthritis. PMID:25227183

Schiappapietra, Benedetta; Varnier, Giulia; Rosina, Silvia; Consolaro, Alessandro; Martini, Alberto; Ravelli, Angelo

2015-01-01

259

SEASONAL VARIATION IN PLASMA SEX STEROID CONCENTRATION IN JUVENILE ALLIGATORS  

EPA Science Inventory

Seasonal variation in plasma sex steroid concentrations is common in mature vertebrates, and is occasionally seen in juvenile animals. In this study, we examine the seasonal pattern of sex hormone concentration in juvenile American alligators (Alligator mississippiensis) and make...

260

Corporal and capital punishment of juveniles.  

PubMed

There is a previously unobserved connection between corporal punishment of public school children and capital punishment of juveniles. Both are barometers of acceptable levels of violent punishment and their elimination is a hallmark of a maturing and decent society. Within a majority of the eighteen states where school authorities most frequently strike children are housed 25 of the nation's 28 juvenile death row inmates. On average, the homicide rates of these jurisdictions are two and a half times greater than those that have abolished both state-sanctioned corporal and capital punishment or limit death sentences to those age eighteen and older at the time of their crime(s). Most of the eighteen state abolitions of corporal punishment occurred in the 1980's. The US Supreme Court has ruled both corporal and capital punishment of juveniles constitutional. Additional state legislative abolition of both is anticipated in the 1990s. PMID:2122167

Frazier, H C

1990-01-01

261

Components of juvenile-mature correlations in forest trees  

Microsoft Academic Search

Juvenile-mature correlation has played an important role in indirect selection for size traits in forest trees. The juvenile size of a tree is a part of the mature size, and the juvenile-mature correlation is an example of a “part-whole” type of correlation. As is the case with any other “part-whole” type of correlation, the juvenile-mature correlation can be subdivided into

Hyun Kang

1991-01-01

262

Why do juvenile fish utilise mangrove habitats?  

PubMed

Three hypotheses to discern the strong positive association between juvenile fish and mangrove habitat were tested with field and laboratory experiments. Artificial mangrove structure in the field attracted slightly more juvenile fish than areas without structure. Artificial structure left to accumulate fouling algae attracted four-times the total number of juvenile fish than areas without structure or areas with clean structure. Community composition of fish attracted to structure with fouling algae was different when compared with areas with no structure or clean structure; five species were attracted by structure with fouling algae whilst two species were associated with structure regardless of fouling algae. Algae were linked to increased food availability and it is suggested that this is an important selection criteria for some species. Other species were apparently attracted to structure for different reasons, and provision of shelter appears to be important. Predation pressure influenced habitat choice in small juvenile fish in laboratory experiments. In the absence of predators, small juveniles of four out of five species avoided shelter but when predators were introduced all species actively sought shelter. Large fish were apparently less vulnerable to predators and did not seek shelter when predators were added to their tank. Feeding rate was increased in the mangrove habitat for small and medium-sized fish compared with seagrass beds and mudflats indicating increased food availability or foraging efficiency within this habitat. Larger fish fed more effectively on the mudflats with an increased feeding rate in this habitat compared with adjacent habitats. The most important aspect of the mangrove habitat for small juvenile fish is the complex structure that provides maximum food availability and minimises the incidence of predation. As fish grow a shift in habitat from mangroves to mudflat is a response to changes in diet, foraging efficiency and vulnerability to predators. PMID:11245878

Laegdsgaard, P; Johnson, C

2001-03-15

263

Concepts and Techniques in Working with Juvenile Sex Offenders.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes work in Saint Anne Institute Juvenile Sex Offender Project, which uses alternative techniques in working with juvenile sex offenders in group modality. Discusses theoretical framework noted to be effective in working with juvenile sex offenders. Examines significant concepts such as power, anger, helplessness, and objectification of the…

Lombardo, Rita; DiGiorgio-Miller, Janet

1988-01-01

264

Kids and Guns. 1999 National Report Series. Juvenile Justice Bulletin.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides information about the use of guns by children and adolescents, with related information on juvenile homicides and suicides. The annual number of juveniles killed with a firearm increased substantially between 1987 and 1993 as occurrences of other types of homicide remained constant. Since 1980, one in four murders of juveniles

Department of Justice, Washington, DC. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

265

The World of Juvenile Justice According to the Numbers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended to be an instructive, yet sobering, introduction to the complex and disturbing nature of the juvenile justice system, this article details the "numbers," including selected percentages, ratios, and dollar amounts, that are relevant to developing a better understanding of the juvenile justice system. General statistics about juvenile and…

Rozalski, Michael; Deignan, Marilyn; Engel, Suzanne

2008-01-01

266

Juvenile Delinquency in the USSR: A Criminological Survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines some statistical data concerning juvenile delinquency in the USSR, analyzes social and demographic characteristics of juvenile delinquents, and describes special methods of preventing and combating juvenile delinquency in the USSR.In those cases when the article does not contain direct references to the source of the data, the author cites the results of various research studies which are

ILYA ZELDES

1980-01-01

267

American Youth Violence: Implications for National Juvenile Justice Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that the perception of increasing youth violence is based on fiction rather than fact. Provides the facts involved in the juvenile justice policy focusing on the differences between juvenile and adult violence, youth violence trends, population trends, and three legal policy issues toward adolescent violence. Offers juvenile crime…

Zimring, Franklin E.

2000-01-01

268

Developmental Antecedents of Sexual Coercion in Juvenile Sexual Offenders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous research has linked adult sex offending behavior to a multiplicity of variables, including juvenile delinquency and the experience of childhood abuse. The purpose of this study was to explore developmental pathways among childhood abuse, juvenile delinquency, and personality dimensions possibly conducive to adolescent sexual coercion. Using a retrospective self-report inventory, we measured the extent to which juvenile sexual offenders

Grant M. Johnson; Raymond A. Knight

2000-01-01

269

Modeling juvenile salmon migration using a simple Markov chain  

E-print Network

Modeling juvenile salmon migration using a simple Markov chain E. Ashley Steel Peter Guttorp NRCSET juvenile salmon migration using a simple Markov chain E. Ashley Steel and Peter Guttorp National Research.S.A SUMMARY We describe movement patterns of hatchery-raised, juvenile, spring chinook salmon, Oncorhynchus

Washington at Seattle, University of

270

ISSUES IN JUVENILE JUSTICE IN QUEENSLAND: NEW LAWS, OLD VISIONS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Juvenile Justice Act 1992 and the Children's Court Act 1992. The legislation, which it is anticipated will be proclaimed in early 1993, repeals the juvenile justice provisions of the Children's Services Act 1965. It provides the legislative framework for the administration of juvenile justice in Queensland, and thus the ethos of this legislation will inform practice and policy in Queensland

Ian O'Connor

271

Contagion and Repeat Offending among Urban Juvenile Delinquents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research investigates the role of repeat offending and spatial contagion in juvenile delinquency recidivism using a database of 7166 male juvenile offenders sent to community-based programs by the Family Court of Philadelphia. Results indicate evidence of repeat offending among juvenile delinquents, particularly for drug offenders. The…

Mennis, Jeremy; Harris, Philip

2011-01-01

272

Rapid assay for insect juvenile hormone esterase activity  

Microsoft Academic Search

A rapid new assay is proposed for analyzing insect juvenile hormone esterase activity. The assay is based on >99% of radiolabeled juvenile hormone being extracted into an isooctane phase while >99% of the juvenile hormone acid remains in the basic aqueous-methanol phase. The assay is more rapid and less expensive than conventional chromatographic assays while yielding almost identical values of

B. D. Hammock; T. C. Sparks

1977-01-01

273

Race, Legal Representation, and Juvenile Justice: Issues and Concerns  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of this study was to examine the influence of type of counsel across race on juvenile court outcomes. Using data from a sample of juvenile court referrals from two midwestern juvenile courts, this study examined the interaction of race and type of counsel on disposition outcome. The results indicated that youth without an attorney…

Guevara, Lori; Spohn, Cassia; Herz, Denise

2004-01-01

274

Gender Bias and Juvenile Justice Revisited: A Multiyear Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study presents a multiyear empirical examination of gender bias in the handling of juvenile court cases in Hawaii. Based on prior qualitative and quantitative data, it is hypothesized that once female juvenile offenders are found delinquent, they will be sanctioned more severely than male offenders by the juvenile court, holding other factors constant. Results from a series of analyses

John M. MacDonald; Meda Chesney-Lind

2001-01-01

275

Drug therapy for juvenile arthritis.  

PubMed

Juvenile arthritis includes a variety of rheumatic disorders with varied articular and extraarticular manifestations. The heterogeneity of JA cannot be overemphasized in a rational approach to therapy. Fortunately, most children with JA improve significantly with first-line treatment, especially those with pauciarticular disease. Only a small number of these patients go on to require second-line treatment, usually because of the evolution of their condition into the polyarticular type. Patients with polyarticular, RF-positive disease and patients with early-onset polyarthritis in association with systemic-onset disease both have poor prognoses in terms of ultimate joint function, and should receive second-line treatment early in their therapy. Injectable gold is the drug of choice for the former patients, if an initial trial of NSAIDs has failed. Patients with polyarticular onset, RF-negative disease generally have a better prognosis than other patients with polyarticular involvement. One may wait considerably longer before introducing a second-line agent for these patients. An antimalarial agent may be a reasonable choice for these patients, especially those with limited polyarticular involvement (5 to 10 active joints). This latter principle may also be applied to patients who evolve from pauciarticular to polyarticular involvement. In all such cases, penicillamine is almost never used as first choice. If the patient is a young child, the difficulty with injecting gold and the hazards of antimalarial agents may limit the use of these treatments. In situations such as this, auranofin or sulfasalazine may be the drug of choice. Cytotoxic/antimetabolic therapy should be reserved for those children who have continued active disease despite full courses of two SAARDs, or for those who have been unable to take SAARDs because of their side effects. Corticosteroid therapy should be used only when specifically indicated, and every attempt should be made to wean the patient from it as soon as feasible. The aim of therapy is to ensure that patients enter their remission in the best condition possible. For this to be assured, a sensible approach to drug therapy is mandatory. PMID:2572375

Duffy, C M; Laxer, R M; Silverman, E D

1989-10-01

276

Bioassays of compounds with potential juvenoid activity on Drosophila melanogaster: Juvenile hormone III, bisepoxide juvenile hormone III  

E-print Network

hormone III, bisepoxide juvenile hormone III and methyl farnesoates Lawrence G. Harshman a , Ki-Duck Song are relatively low in this insect (Sliter et al., 1987; Bownes and Rembold, 1987). Low levels of juvenile hormone) described atypical effects of topical administration of juvenile hormone to third instar (last instar) D

Hammock, Bruce D.

277

Equal nonbreeding period survival in adults and juveniles of a long-distant migrant bird.  

PubMed

In migrant birds, survival estimates for the different life-history stages between fledging and first breeding are scarce. First-year survival is shown to be strongly reduced compared with annual survival of adult birds. However, it remains unclear whether the main bottleneck in juvenile long-distant migrants occurs in the postfledging period within the breeding ranges or en route. Quantifying survival rates during different life-history stages and during different periods of the migration cycle is crucial to understand forces driving the evolution of optimal life histories in migrant birds. Here, we estimate survival rates of adult and juvenile barn swallows (Hirundo rusticaL.) in the breeding and nonbreeding areas using a population model integrating survival estimates in the breeding ranges based on a large radio-telemetry data set and published estimates of demographic parameters from large-scale population-monitoring projects across Switzerland. Input parameters included the country-wide population trend, annual productivity estimates of the double-brooded species, and year-to-year survival corrected for breeding dispersal. Juvenile survival in the 3-week postfledging period was low (S = 0.32; SE = 0.05), whereas in the rest of the annual cycle survival estimates of adults and juveniles were similarly high (S > 0.957). Thus, the postfledging period was the main survival bottleneck, revealing the striking result that nonbreeding period mortality (including migration) is not higher for juveniles than for adult birds. Therefore, focusing future research on sources of variation in postfledging mortality can provide new insights into determinants of population dynamics and life-history evolution of migrant birds. PMID:24683458

Grüebler, Martin U; Korner-Nievergelt, Fränzi; Naef-Daenzer, Beat

2014-03-01

278

Mechanisms of deaths in captive juvenile New Zealand fur seals (Arctocephalus forsteri).  

PubMed

Juvenile seals are sometimes encountered in waters around South Australia with injuries and/or diseases that require veterinary treatment. Two cases are reported where apparently stable animals died soon after being rescued due to quite disparate conditions. In Case 1 a juvenile male New Zealand fur seal (Arctocephalus forsteri) was found unexpectedly dead in its enclosure. A necropsy examination revealed an emaciated juvenile male with no injuries. The intestine was filled throughout its length with melena stool that was due to heavy infestation of the stomach with roundworms with adjacent gastritis. Death was due to shock from upper gastrointestinal blood loss secondary to parasitosis. In Case 2 a second juvenile male New Zealand fur seal (Arctocephalus forsteri) also died unexpectedly in its enclosure. It had been listless with loud respirations since capture. At necropsy there was no blood around the head, neck or mouth, and no acute external injuries were identified. An area of induration was, however, present over the snout with fragmentation of underlying bones. The maxilla was freely mobile and CT scanning revealed multiple comminuted fractures of the adjacent facial skeleton. Examination of the defleshed skull showed fragmentation of the facial skeleton with roughening of bones in keeping with osteomyelitis. Death was attributed to sepsis from osteomyelitis of a comminuted midfacial fracture. These cases demonstrate two unusual and occult conditions that may be present in recently retrieved juvenile fur seals. Failure to establish the correct diagnosis rapidly may result in death soon after capture. The usefulness of imaging techniques such as CT scanning in delineating underlying injuries prior to necropsy is clearly demonstrated. PMID:20499212

Byard, Roger W; Machado, Aaron; Braun, Kerry; Solomon, Lucian B; Boardman, Wayne

2010-09-01

279

Equal nonbreeding period survival in adults and juveniles of a long-distant migrant bird  

PubMed Central

In migrant birds, survival estimates for the different life-history stages between fledging and first breeding are scarce. First-year survival is shown to be strongly reduced compared with annual survival of adult birds. However, it remains unclear whether the main bottleneck in juvenile long-distant migrants occurs in the postfledging period within the breeding ranges or en route. Quantifying survival rates during different life-history stages and during different periods of the migration cycle is crucial to understand forces driving the evolution of optimal life histories in migrant birds. Here, we estimate survival rates of adult and juvenile barn swallows (Hirundo rusticaL.) in the breeding and nonbreeding areas using a population model integrating survival estimates in the breeding ranges based on a large radio-telemetry data set and published estimates of demographic parameters from large-scale population-monitoring projects across Switzerland. Input parameters included the country-wide population trend, annual productivity estimates of the double-brooded species, and year-to-year survival corrected for breeding dispersal. Juvenile survival in the 3-week postfledging period was low (S = 0.32; SE = 0.05), whereas in the rest of the annual cycle survival estimates of adults and juveniles were similarly high (S > 0.957). Thus, the postfledging period was the main survival bottleneck, revealing the striking result that nonbreeding period mortality (including migration) is not higher for juveniles than for adult birds. Therefore, focusing future research on sources of variation in postfledging mortality can provide new insights into determinants of population dynamics and life-history evolution of migrant birds. PMID:24683458

Grüebler, Martin U; Korner-Nievergelt, Fränzi; Naef-Daenzer, Beat

2014-01-01

280

Larval, pre-juvenile and juvenile development of Diapterus peruvianus (Perciformes: Gerreidae).  

PubMed

The development of Diapterus peruvianus (Sauvage 1879) is based on 60 larvae collected in superficial tows made in Bahía Concepción, and on 16 pre-juvenile and juvenile organisms collected in Bahía de La Paz, B. C. S., México, using a standard plankton net and a rectangular epibenthonic net, respectively. Larvae of D. peruvianus show three large blotches on the dorsum of the gut that can fuse together and give the appearance of one large continuous blotch. There are two to three pre-anal pigments and 16 post-anal pigments in the ventral midline; cephalic pigments are present from the postflexion stage, as well as a serrated preoperculum. The pre-juvenile and juvenile organisms are distinguished by their body depth, the anal-fin formula, the serrated pre-operculum and the base pigments in the dorsal and anal fins. PMID:15162741

Jiménez Rosenberg, Sylvia Patricia; González Navarro, Enrique; Saldierna Martínez, Ricardo Javier

2003-06-01

281

Social familiarity and shoal formation in juvenile fishes.  

PubMed

The potential influence of social familiarity in shoal-choice decisions was investigated in two sympatric species of north temperate fishes, juvenile banded killifish Fundulus diaphanus and juvenile bluegill sunfish Lepomis macrochirus. Groups of socially familiar and unfamiliar conspecifics were formed in the laboratory using wild-caught fishes. Juvenile F. diaphanus demonstrated a strong preference for familiar conspecific shoalmates, whereas juvenile L. macrochirus exhibited no preference for either unfamiliar or familiar conspecific shoalmates. The differential influence of familiarity on shoalmate choice in juveniles of these two species could be due to their different ecologies, local population densities and life histories. PMID:20666898

Lee-Jenkins, S S Y; Godin, J-G J

2010-02-01

282

Language and Communication Difficulties in Juvenile Offenders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Studies of the prison population suggest that the numbers of prisoners with language and communication disorders is higher than that of the overall population. However, the prison population is heterogeneous and it is important to focus on specific areas of the population. This study focuses on juvenile offenders. Aims: The study aimed…

Bryan, Karen; Freer, Jackie; Furlong, Cheryl

2007-01-01

283

Juvenile Delinquency and Victimization: A Theoretical Typology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is a widely voiced notion that juvenile delinquency and victimization co-occur extensively in the youth population, in particular because delinquent youth engage in risky activities. But theory from the bullying and traumatic stress literatures suggests that there may be additional pathways by which delinquency and victimization are connected.…

Cuevas, Carlos A.; Finkelhor, David; Turner, Heather A.; Ormrod, Richard K.

2007-01-01

284

Evaluation of a Comprehensive Juvenile Delinquency Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discribes a comprehensive juvenile delinquency diversion program serving a poverty community in a large urban center, and attempts to evaluate the problems and effects of the program. The target population was primarily minority-group truants, aged 10-15, who had been in trouble with the authorities. The program included recreational…

Young, Howard; And Others

285

Program Performance Inventory: Six Juvenile Offender Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the performance of 6 Connecticut juvenile justice alternative sanction programs in 14 qualitative areas: community reintegration; outcomes and evaluation; assessment methods; risk factors; escalation of criminal activity; family involvement; community involvement; work ethic and vocational training; education and life skills;…

Thomalla, Terri Groff; Dougherty, Victoria J.

286

On Youth Crime and the Juvenile Court  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a thoughtful and provocative essay, Abbe Smith has provided a forceful defense of the juvenile court in response to critics who predict or advocate its demise. She tells a poignant and compelling story of urban youth deprived of their childhood and hope for the future by poverty and racism, drugs and violence, decaying neighborhoods and blighted housing, bad schools

Stephen Wizner

1995-01-01

287

Cognitive Control Differences in Violent Juvenile Inpatients.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Used stepwise discriminant analysis on calibration sample (n=135) of juvenile inpatients to determine which variables best distinguished violent inpatients. Cross-validated model on 123 subjects. Violent subjects were more likely to be younger males with family history of criminal behavior and extensive discord. Violent subjects showed differences…

Calicchia, John A.; And Others

1993-01-01

288

Application of Megan's Law to Juveniles.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the history of registration and notification statutes for sex offenders and concerns and legal challenges they have faced, noting psychology's limited knowledge about normal versus abnormal sexual development and research suggesting that recidivism rates for sexual offenses may be lower for juveniles than adults who have received…

Trivits, Lisa C.; Reppucci, N. Dickon

2002-01-01

289

Parent-Child Relationships and Juvenile Delinquency.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper was to examine the following question: What is the relationship between parental interest and control over their adolescent children, and juvenile delinquency? Two hypotheses were tested: (1) fewer adolescents who report greater parental control will report engaging in delinquent behavior than adolescents who report less…

Peterson, Evan T.

290

Juveniles' Competence to Stand Trial as Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary During the 1990s, nationwide legal reforms lowered the age at which youths could be tried in adult criminal court and expanded the range of young offenders subject to adult adjudication and punishment. The present study asked whether, to what extent, and at what ages juveniles may be more at risk than adults for incompetence as legal defendants in criminal

Laurence Steinberg; Thomas Grisso; Jennifer Woolard; Elizabeth Cauffman; Elizabeth Scott; Sandra Graham; Fran Lexcen; N. Dickon Reppucci; Robert Schwartz

2003-01-01

291

Gambling Behavior of Juvenile Offenders in Louisiana  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper was to determine the (1) frequency of and (2) types of prearrest gambling (3) prevalence of pathological gambling and (4) the associations of after school activities and gambling related symptoms among juvenile offenders in Louisiana, compared to a contemporaneous school sample. A gambling survey was administered to 343 (jail) and 1293 (prison) offenders, ages 10–19

James R. Westphal; Lera J. Johnson

2006-01-01

292

Body size prediction from juvenile skeletal remains  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are currently no methods for pre- dicting body mass from juvenile skeletal remains and only a very limited number for predicting stature. In this study, stature and body mass prediction equations are generated for each year from 1 to 17 years of age using a subset of the Denver Growth Study sample, fol- lowed longitudinally (n ¼ 20 individuals,

Christopher Ruff

2007-01-01

293

The cervical spine in juvenile chronic arthritis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background context: In patients with juvenile chronic arthritis (JCA) the cervical spine is often affected, leading to pain and functional limitations.Purpose: To describe the frequency of the radiographic abnormalities in the cervical spine of a large series of patients with JCA, examined after skeletal maturity.Study design: Consecutive patients with JCA, who had cervical spine radiographs available taken at adult age

Kari Laiho; Anneli Savolainen; Hannu Kautiainen; Pertti Kekki; Markku Kauppi

2002-01-01

294

Leflunomide or Methotrexate for Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis  

Microsoft Academic Search

In patients with polyarticular juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, methotrexate and lefluno- mide both resulted in high rates of clinical improvement, but the rate was slightly greater for methotrexate. At the doses used in this study, methotrexate was more effective than leflunomide. abstract

Earl Silverman; Richard Mouy; Lynn Spiegel; Lawrence K. Jung; Rotraud K. Saurenmann; Pekka Lahdenne; Gerd Horneff; Immaculada Calvo; Ilona S. Szer; Karen Simpson; John A. Stewart; Vibeke Strand; Bridgewater Sanofi-Aventis; Sanofi-Aventis Pharma Cana

2010-01-01

295

Costs of Juvenile Violence: Policy Implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. Violence involving children has been one of the least documented areas of violent crime. The purpose of this study was to develop cost estimates to assess the magnitude of juvenile violence in Pennsylvania in terms of both victimizations and perpe- trators. Our study is the first to address 4 critical ques- tions. First, how large a share of violence

Ted R. Miller; Deborah A. Fisher; Mark A. Cohen

2001-01-01

296

Juvenile periodontitis: skeletal bone mineral content.  

PubMed

No analysis of the skeletal bone mineral content in patients with juvenile periodontitis seems to be available. The purpose of the present analysis, therefore, was to determine, on the basis of estimation of the skeletal bone mineral content (BMC), if an osteopenia is present in patients with juvenile periodontitis. The material consisted of 30 subjects without known systemic diseases: one group of 15 patients with juvenile periodontitis and a control group of 15 subjects with normal periodontal conditions. Test- and control subjects were paired according to sex, age, height, and weight. Each group comprised four men and 11 women aged 18-31 years. The bone mineral content (BMC) was estimated by gamma-ray photon absorptiometry of both forearms, expressed (in arbitrary units) as the mean value of 6 scans of each forearm. No significant differences were found between the total average of the 6 scans from right and left forearms or between the total and mean value for BMC in the test- and in the control group. Conclusively, the analysis shows that the BMC values lie within normal limits in patients with juvenile periodontitis. Therefore, a generalized osteopenia does not seem to be a contributory factor in this disease. PMID:271654

Von Wowern, N; Stoltze, K

1977-11-01

297

OPTIMUM TEMPERATURE FOR GROWTH OF JUVENILE BLUEGILLS  

EPA Science Inventory

Juvenile bluegills, Lepomis macrochirus (initial weight, 1.8-8.0 g), were individually marked and fed to excess during a 30-day constant temperature test; day length was 16 h. Fish were tested at temperature intervals of 2 degrees from 20 to 36C. The highest specific growth rate ...

298

Psychosocial factors in juvenile diabetes: A review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies assessing (1) the influence of psychosocial factors on the onset of juvenile diabetes, (2) the influence of psychosocial factors on the course of this disease, and (3) the influence of diabetes on the psychosocial development of the child are reviewed. Directions for future research are suggested.

Suzanne Bennett Johnson

1980-01-01

299

What is Influencing Juvenile Volume and Weight?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intuition predicts the more nutrients available during development, the larger the offspring. Larger amounts of ingested nutrients should increase juvenile size above that if lesser amounts of nutrients were consumed. The freshwater snail, Physa sp., is hermaphroditic and lays its encapsulated eggs in a mass of jelly-like material. The capsular fluid contains all of the available nutrients for the developing

Kozak Ellen; Steffen Rhiannon; Tarbutton Morgan; Wessel Jeff

2008-01-01

300

Variables associated with recidivism among juvenile delinquents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Isolated variables which would discriminate between recidivists and nonrecidivists in a sample of formerly institutionalized juvenile delinquents. Institution case files were selected and compared for 100 male and 100 female 11-18 yr. old Ss, 1\\/2 of them recidivists. 34 family background and personality variables were compared, of which 7 significantly discriminated between recidivists and nonrecidivists, 10 between males and females,

Victor J. Ganzer; Irwin G. Sarason

1973-01-01

301

Delayed diagnosis of juvenile myoclonic epilepsy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fifteen cases of juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) were identified from one hundred and eighty consecutive patients referred to a new epilepsy clinic at St Thomas' Hospital between April 1989 and December 1990, a prevalence of 8.3%. Of these, only one was referred with a putative diagnosis of JME. Diagnosis of the other patients on referral included \\

R A Grünewald; E Chroni; C P Panayiotopoulos

1992-01-01

302

Cognitive function in juvenile myoclonic epilepsy  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, we examined 35 patients with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) and 35 healthy volunteers. We used tests of cognitive performance (mini mental state examination, verbal and visual memory, visuospatial, frontal function, attention). In the JME group, we examined age, sex, family history, education level, age of seizure onset, seizure types, characteristics of EEG, duration of the therapy, drug

Fugen Sonmez; Dilek Atakli; Huseyin Sari; Turan Atay; Baki Arpaci

2004-01-01

303

Rehabilitation of the Personality of Juvenile Offenders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Russian youth has in recent years been increasingly involved in crime, narcotics addiction, and alcoholism, possibly due to a failure of socialization in childhood. Researchers are seeking the origins of this phenomenon and searching for ways to combat it through rehabilitation of juvenile offenders. The essential nature of social and pedagogical…

Zaitsev, G. K.; Zaitsev, A. G.; Dmitriev, M. G.; Apal'kova, I. Iu.

2009-01-01

304

Juvenile Drug Courts and Teen Substance Abuse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Juvenile justice officials across the United States are embracing a new method of dealing with adolescent substance abuse. Importing a popular innovation from adult courts, state and local governments have started hundreds of specialized drug courts to provide judicial supervision and coordinate substance abuse treatment for drug-involved…

Butts, Jeffrey A., Ed.; Roman, John, Ed.

2004-01-01

305

Responding to Problematic Sexualized Behavior in Juveniles.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Keeping children safe becomes a more complicated concern when many of the offenders are not adults, but other children. Data from the justice system reveals that juveniles account for about 20% of all forcible rapes and about 50% of child sexual abuse. Contrary to the media's depiction, the majority come from two-parent homes, have no prior…

Baker, Eugene A.

306

Phototaxis of larval and juvenile northern pike  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Age- Phi northern pike Esox lucius prefer vegetated habitats that are difficult to sample with standard towed gears. Light traps can be effective for sampling larval fishes in dense vegetation, given positive phototaxis of fish. We evaluated the phototactic response of young northern pike by comparing the catches of larvae and juveniles obtained with plexiglass traps deployed with a chemical light stick versus traps deployed without a light source (controls) in a laboratory raceway and in a vegetated pond. In the laboratory tests, catches of protolarvae and mesolarvae in lighted traps were 11-35 times greater than catches in control traps. The catches of juvenile northern pike in field and laboratory experiments were 3-15 times greater in lighted traps than in control traps, even though the maximum body width of the larger juveniles was similar to the width of the entrance slots of the traps (5 mm). Larval and juvenile northern pike were photopositive; thus, light traps should effectively sample age-0 northern pike for at least 6 weeks after hatching.

Zigler, S.J.; Dewey, M.R.

1995-01-01

307

A cabled acoustic telemetry system for detecting and tracking juvenile salmon: Part 1. Engineering design and instrumentation  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers-Portland District started development of the Juvenile Salmon Acoustic Telemetry System (JSATS), a nonproprietary technology, in 2001 to meet the needs for monitoring the survival of juvenile salmonids through the 31 federal dams in the Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS). Initial development focused on coded acoustic microtransmitters, and autonomous receivers that could be deployed in open reaches of the river for detection of the juvenile salmonids implanted with microtransmitters as they passed the autonomous receiver arrays. In 2006 the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) was tasked with development of an acoustic receiver system for deployment at hydropower facilities (cabled receiver) for detecting fish tagged with microtransmitters as well as tracking them in 2 or 3-dimensions as the fish passed at the facility for determining route of passage. The additional route of passage information, combined with survival estimates, is used by the dam operators and managers to make structural and operational changes at the hydropower facilities to improve survival of fish as they pass the facilities and through the FCRPS.

Weiland, Mark A.; Deng, Zhiqun; Seim, Thomas A.; Lamarche, Brian L.; Choi, Eric Y.; Fu, Tao; Carlson, Thomas J.; Thronas, Aaron I.; Eppard, Matthew B.

2011-05-26

308

Corrective Action Decision Document for Corrective Action Unit 340: Pesticide Release sites, Nevada Test Site, Nevada  

SciTech Connect

This Corrective Action Decision Document has been prepared for Corrective Action Unit 340, the NTS Pesticide Release Sites, in accordance with the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order of 1996 (FFACO, 1996). Corrective Action Unit 340 is located at the Nevada Test Site, Nevada, and is comprised of the following Corrective Action Sites: 23-21-01, Area 23 Quonset Hut 800 Pesticide Release Ditch; 23-18-03, Area 23 Skid Huts Pesticide Storage; and 15-18-02, Area 15 Quonset Hut 15-11 Pesticide Storage. The purpose of this Corrective Action Decision Document is to identify and provide a rationale for the selection of a recommended corrective action alternative for each Corrective Action Site. The scope of this Corrective Action Decision Document consists of the following tasks: Develop corrective action objectives; Identify corrective action alternative screening criteria; Develop corrective action alternatives; Perform detailed and comparative evaluations of the corrective action alternatives in relation to the corrective action objectives and screening criteria; and Recommend and justify a preferred corrective action alternative for each Corrective Action Site.

DOE /NV

1998-12-08

309

CORRECTIVE ACTION PLAN FOR CORRECTIVE ACTION UNIT 528: POLYCHLORINATED BIPHENYLS CONTAMINATION NEVADA TEST SITE, NEVADA  

SciTech Connect

Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 528: Polychlorinated Biphenyls Contamination is listed in Appendix III of the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO, 1996) and is located in Area 25 of the Nevada Test Site. CAU 528 was created to address polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) contamination identified during the CAU 262 corrective action investigation. CAU 528 consists of one Corrective Action Site (CAS): CAS 25-27-03, Polychlorinated Biphenyls Surface Contamination.

BECHTEL NEVADA

2005-06-01

310

A Soldier of Service: An Interview with Playwright and Teaching Artist Dominique Cieri. Teaching At-Risk, Juvenile Justice, and the Holocaust  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Inner-city public school classrooms, group homes, juvenile detention centers and facilities will be with Americans forever. Their populations can deflate, challenge, or improve any artist's skills and expertise. The author thinks of teaching artists who work these strenuous communities as soldiers of service, dedicated individuals who fight with…

Cobb, Catlin

2010-01-01

311

67 FR 18146 - NARA Facilities; Addresses and Hours  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Facilities; Addresses and Hours AGENCY...regulation that lists NARA facilities...corrections to email addresses for the Presidential...name and return address in your Internet...received your email message, contact...implications. List of Subjects...

2002-04-15

312

Predicting recidivism in juvenile delinquents: the role of mental health diagnoses and the qualification of conclusions by race  

Microsoft Academic Search

Seventy-five male youths were evaluated while incarcerated in a juvenile facility in the state of Georgia. Twenty-one to 32 months following discharge, criminal files were examined for records of reincarceration. The recidivism rate was approximately one-third of the initial sample. Crime-related and mental health variables were entered into discriminant function analyses to determine models for predicting recidivism. For the total

Michelle Wierson; Rex Forehand

1995-01-01

313

Promoting Justice in the Delivery of Services to Juvenile Delinquents: The Ecosystemic Natural Wrap-Around Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Caught between their child and doing the “right thing,” families of chronic juvenile delinquents often experience a series of injustices in the name of justice. Attempts by the “system” to correct the delinquency problem often result in the imposition of values and beliefs that negate the family's values, experiences and meanings of their child's behavior. The Ecosystemic Natural Wrap-around (E.N.W.)

William F. Northey; Vicky Primer; Lisa Christensen

1997-01-01

314

RCRA corrective action program guide (Interim)  

SciTech Connect

The US Department of Energy (DOE) is responsible for compliance with an increasingly complex spectrum of environmental regulations. One of the most complex programs is the corrective action program proposed by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) under the authority of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) as amended by the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments (HSWA). The proposed regulations were published on July 27, 1990. The proposed Subpart S rule creates a comprehensive program for investigating and remediating releases of hazardous wastes and hazardous waste constituents from solid waste management units (SWMUs) at facilities permitted to treat, store, or dispose of hazardous wastes. This proposed rule directly impacts many DOE facilities which conduct such activities. This guidance document explains the entire RCRA Corrective Action process as outlined by the proposed Subpart S rule, and provides guidance intended to assist those persons responsible for implementing RCRA Corrective Action at DOE facilities.

Not Available

1993-05-01

315

Hanford surplus facilities programs facilities listings and descriptions. Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

On the Hanford Site, many surplus facilities exist (including buildings, stacks, tanks, cribs, burial grounds, and septic systems) that are scheduled to be decommissioned. Many of these facilities contain large inventories of radionuclides, which present potential radiological hazards on and off the Hanford Site. Some structures with limited structural deterioration present potential radiological and industrial safety hazards to personnel. Because of the condition of these facilities, a systematic surveillance and maintenance program is performed to identify and correct potential hazards to personnel and the environment until eventual decommissioning operations are completed.

Kiser, S.K.; Witt, T.L.

1994-01-01

316

[Juvenile dermatomyositis--acute recidivism or sepsis?].  

PubMed

A 22-year-old male with juvenile dermatomyositis presented with fever up to 40 degrees C and acute pain in his right thigh accompanied by muscle weakness, a skin rash and a tender swelling. Serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and aldolase were mildly elevated. C-reactive protein (CRP) and fibrinogen were markedly increased. The differential white blood cell count revealed relative lymphopenia. Radiography showed diffuse calcifications particularly around the thighs and knees of both legs. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated inflammatory infiltrates in the right thigh. The lesions were identified as phlegmone by immunoszintigraphy with 99mTc-labelled antigranulocyte antibodies. On the 10th day of treatment Staphylococcus aureus was cultured from blood. Patients with juvenile dermatomyositis and calcinosis may develop bacterial infections of soft tissue which sometimes mimic a disease flare. For differential diagnosis plain radiographs, CT scans and MRI are of limited value. Immunoszintigraphy is able to differentiate between infiltrates caused by granulocytes and lymphocytes. PMID:10412700

Bahner, D; Meller, J; Stiefel, M; Nau, R

1999-06-01

317

[Colonoscopy in children and juveniles (author's transl)].  

PubMed

Colonoscopy, as an established endoscopic procedure in adults, is thought to be of great value in children and juveniles as well. The main indications for its use are intestinal hemorrhage, polypectomy, diarrhoea of uncertain origin, uncertain x-ray findings as well as the confirmation of a diagnosis made by biopsy. The choice of instruments used, preparations prior to the examination and premedication are dependent upon the child's age. 32 children, aged between 1--14 years, and 41 juveniles between 15 and 18 years were examined. Most common diagnoses were Crohn's disease (29), polyps (7) and ulcerative colitis (4). Others were unspecific colitis (3), follicular hyperplasia of the terminal ileum (2), lymphangiectasia (2), one hemangioma and one rectal ulcer. In 24 patients endoscopy revealed nothing pathological within the colon. Examinations should be performed only by skilled endoscopists with special experience of the problems of colonoscopy in children. PMID:514291

Phillip, J; Frühmorgen, P

1979-09-01

318

Kienbock's disease and juvenile idiopathic arthritis  

PubMed Central

Kienbock's disease or osteonecrosis of the lunate is an uncommon cause of wrist pain. . Though there have been several reports of cases in patients with various rheumatologic diseases, the precise etiology has currently not been established. We report a case of Kienbock's disease that occurred in a patient with juvenile idiopathic arthritis. To our knowledge, this is the first case report with an association between these two conditions. PMID:22363188

Desy, Nicholas M.; Bernstein, Mitchell; Harvey, Edward J.; Hazel, Hazel

2011-01-01

319

Autosomal dominant juvenile amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.  

PubMed

Juvenile amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a form of chronic motor neuron disease characterized by combined upper and lower motor neuron symptoms and signs with onset prior to age 25 years. We report the clinical and electrodiagnostic findings in 49 affected family members and neuropathological findings from two autopsies of a Maryland kindred with autosomal dominant juvenile ALS linked to the chromosome 9q34 region (ALS4). Patients ranged in age from 12 to 85 years (mean 45 years) and the mean age of onset was 17 years. Distal weakness and atrophy was associated with pyramidal signs (43/49) and normal sensation (44/49). Motor conduction studies (n = 8) showed reduced evoked amplitudes and normal conduction parameters. Sensory conduction studies (n = 8), quantitative sensory testing (n = 4) and intracutaneous sensory fibres in skin biopsies (n = 6) were normal in all patients tested. Electromyography showed distal more than proximal chronic partial denervation and reinnervation (n = 8). Post-mortem spinal cord tissue demonstrated atrophic spinal cords with marked loss of anterior horn cells and degeneration of corticospinal tracts, as well as loss of neurons in the dorsal root ganglia and degeneration of the posterior columns. Axonal spheroids were present in the grey matter of the spinal cord, the dorsal root entry zones and the peripheral nerves. Motor and sensory roots, as well as peripheral nerves, showed significant axonal loss. Swellings were prominent around motor neurons, probably representing changes in presynaptic terminals. These studies define autosomal dominant juvenile ALS linked to the chromosome 9q34 region (ALS4) and extend the clinical, pathological and genetic heterogeneity of familial ALS and juvenile ALS. PMID:10430837

Rabin, B A; Griffin, J W; Crain, B J; Scavina, M; Chance, P F; Cornblath, D R

1999-08-01

320

Progressive pseudorheumatoid chandrodysplasia simulating juvenile rheumatoid arthritis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Four patients from a Muslim family with an inherited skeletal dyspiasia are presented. It is more crippling than usual form\\u000a of spondyloepi-physial dyspiasia tarda and the onset is very early in the life i.e. at 4 years. The disorder is progressive,\\u000a crippling and has striking clinical resemblance to juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. The striking X-ray appearance is of platyspondyly\\u000a and irregularities

Shreedhar G. Archik; Ravindra D. Kamat

1990-01-01

321

Cortical thickness abnormality in juvenile myoclonic epilepsy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous studies on gray matter concentration changes in patients with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) are inconsistent.\\u000a To investigate cortical abnormality in JME differently, we measured the cortical thickness in 19 JME patients and 18 normal\\u000a controls. Results showed that the cortical thicknesses of superior\\/middle\\/medial frontal gyri, and superior\\/middle\\/ inferior\\u000a temporal gyri were decreased in JME patients. Moreover, cortical thicknesses of

Woo Suk Tae; Sun Hyung Kim; Eun Yun Joo; Sun Jung Han; I. Y. Kim; S. I. Kim; J.-M. Lee; S. B. Hong

2008-01-01

322

Misdiagnosis and treatment in juvenile myoclonic epilepsy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Of 1300 epileptic patients 76 (5.8%) were found to have juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME). These 76 patients were examined at the epilepsy outpatient clinic of Bakirkoy State Hospital for Neurological and Psychiatric Diseases between 1991 and 1996 and data obtained were analysed retrospectively. Clinically typical absence seizures were reported in 40.8%, myoclonic jerks in 100%, and generalized tonic-clonic seizures in

Dilek Atakli; Dilsat Sözüer; Turan Atay; Sevim Baybas; Baki Arpaci

1998-01-01

323

[Optimal feeding strategy for juvenile Hucho taimen].  

PubMed

Three experiments including starvation and re-feeding, starvation and re-feeding recovery, and feeding frequency per day were conducted to approach the optimal feeding strategy for the growth and survival of juvenile Hucho taimen. In the experiment of starvation and re-feeding, all groups of restricted feeding showed non-compensatory growth. However, in the experiment of starvation and re-feeding recovery, different degrees of compensatory growth appeared in different starving groups, among which, the half a day starvation and half a day feeding group (S1/2) had a weight increment approximately the same as the control, and showed completely compensatory growth, indicating that the S1/2 could be a useful feeding strategy for the juvenile H. taimen at its early growth stage with the body mass from 0 to 2 g and at the water temperature from 9 to 15.3 degrees C. In feeding frequency experiment, the group T3 (three meals per day) had the highest body length, body mass, specific growth rate, and relatively high food conversion ratio, indicating that three meals a day could be more effective for improving the growth performance of juvenile H. taimen at its late stage with the body mass from 2 to 21 g and at the water temperature from 8.8 to 15.5 degrees C. PMID:24564159

Guo, Wen-Xue; Yin, Jia-Sheng; Zhang, Yong-Quan; Tong, Guang-Xiang; Bai, Qing-Li

2013-11-01

324

Effectiveness of hydrotreatment in reducing the toxicity of a coal liquefaction product to juvenile channel catfish  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of our study was to evaluate the effectiveness of hydrotreatment in reducing the acute toxicity of a representative coal liquefaction product. Acute bioassays with juvenile channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) were used to compare the toxicities of raw (nonupgraded) H-Coal oil, four samples of the same H-Coal oil subjected to different degrees of upgrading by hydrotreatment, and a petroleum crude oil. Channel catfish were chosen because they have considerable commercial and sport fisheries value and are likely to be abundant in large rivers where commercial coal liquefaction facilities will be located.

Cada, G.F.; Kenna, M.

1985-05-01

325

Genetic Identification of F1 and Post-F1 Serrasalmid Juvenile Hybrids in Brazilian Aquaculture  

PubMed Central

Juvenile fish trade monitoring is an important task on Brazilian fish farms. However, the identification of juvenile fish through morphological analysis is not feasible, particularly between interspecific hybrids and pure species individuals, making the monitoring of these individuals difficult. Hybrids can be erroneously identified as pure species in breeding facilities, which might reduce production on farms and negatively affect native populations due to escapes or stocking practices. In the present study, we used a multi-approach analysis (molecular and cytogenetic markers) to identify juveniles of three serrasalmid species (Colossoma macropomum, Piaractus mesopotamicus and Piaractus brachypomus) and their hybrids in different stocks purchased from three seed producers in Brazil. The main findings of this study were the detection of intergenus backcrossing between the hybrid ? patinga (P. mesopotamicus×P. brachypomus)×? C. macropomum and the occurrence of one hybrid triploid individual. This atypical specimen might result from automixis, a mechanism that produces unreduced gametes in some organisms. Moreover, molecular identification indicated that hybrid individuals are traded as pure species or other types of interspecific hybrids, particularly post-F1 individuals. These results show that serrasalmid fish genomes exhibit high genetic heterogeneity, and multi-approach methods and regulators could improve the surveillance of the production and trade of fish species and their hybrids, thereby facilitating the sustainable development of fish farming. PMID:24594674

Hashimoto, Diogo Teruo; Senhorini, José Augusto; Foresti, Fausto; Martínez, Paulino; Porto-Foresti, Fábio

2014-01-01

326

Juvenile rainbow trout production in New York tributaries of Lake Ontario: implications for Atlantic salmon restoration  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Three Pacific salmonid species Onchorynchus spp. have replaced the extirpated Atlantic salmon Salmo salar as the main migratory salmonid in the Lake Ontario drainage. One of those species, the nonnative rainbow trout O. mykiss, has become widely distributed within the historical Atlantic salmon habitat, occupying an ecological niche similar to that of juvenile Atlantic salmon. Consequently, both a tributary's carrying capacity for Atlantic salmon and competition from established nonnative species are important when considering the feasibility of Atlantic salmon restoration. Estimation of juvenile rainbow trout production will help evaluate the capacity of tributaries to produce salmonids that occupy similar niches. Geostatistical methods were applied to standardized and efficiency-corrected electrofishing data from three of New York's best salmonid-producing streams to precisely estimate juvenile rainbow trout populations. Results indicated that each study stream could produce 20,000-40,000 age-0 and 4,000-10,000 age-1 and older rainbow trout per year. Statistical interpolation indicated areas of significantly different production potential and points of significant changes in productivity. Closer examination of the niche similarity and competitive potential of these two species is needed to properly interpret these estimates with regard to Atlantic salmon restoration.

McKenna, James E., Jr.; Johnson, James H.

2005-01-01

327

RCRA FACILITIES  

EPA Science Inventory

Points represent facilities that are regulated by the EPA under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). Facilities regulated under RCRA generate, dispose of, treate or transport hazardous waste. RCRA is a law enacted by Congress in 1976 and amended in 1984 to include ...

328

Nuclear Facilities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In order to produce nuclear weapons, each country must have facilities to produce and refine the nuclear materials, conduct research on weapon design, and store the completed weapons. The interactives in this collection allow you to explore the nuclear facilities of the nuclear powers (both declared and undeclared).

Christopher Griffith

329

Chapter 15 Juvenile amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.  

PubMed

Several forms of genetically defined juvenile amy-otrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) have now been charac-terized and discussion of these conditions will form the basis for this chapter. ALS2 is an autosomal recessive form of ALS with a juvenile onset and very slow progression that mapped to chromosome 2q33. Nine different mutations have been identified in the ALS2 gene that result in premature stop codons, suggesting a loss of function in the gene product, alsin. The alsin protein is thought to function as a guanine-nucleotide exchange factor for GTPases and may play a role in vesicle transport or membrane trafficking processes. ALS4 is an autosomal dominant form of juvenile onset ALS associated with slow progression, severe muscle weakness and pyramidal signs, in the absence of bulbar and sensory abnormalities. Mutations in the SETX gene cause ALS4, and the SETX gene product senataxin may have DNA and RNA helicase activity and play a role in the regulation of RNA and/or DNA in the cell. A third form of juvenile-onset ALS (ALS5) is associated with slowly progressing lower motor neuron signs (weak-ness and atrophy) initially of the hands and feet, with eventual bulbar involvement. Progressive upper motor neuron disease becomes more obvious with time. ALS5 has been linked to a 6 cM region of chromosome 15q15.1-q21.1, but the causative gene mutation for ALS5 has yet to be identified. The high degree of clin-ical and genetic heterogeneity in the various forms of juvenile ALS can make differential diagnosis difficult, other genetic disorders that must be considered include: spinal muscular atrophy, hereditary spastic paraplegia, SBMA, GM2 gangliosidosis and the hereditary motor neuronopathies/motor forms of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease. Acquired disorders that must also be consid-ered include heavy metal intoxications (especially lead), multifocal motor neuropathy, paraneoplastic syndromes, vitamin deficiencies (B12) and infections (HTLV-II, HIV and poliomyelitis). PMID:18808900

Orban, Paul; Devon, Rebecca S; Hayden, Michael R; Leavitt, Blair R

2007-01-01

330

Juvenile sparrows preferentially eavesdrop on adult song interactions  

E-print Network

compared the response of juvenile male song sparrows (Melospiza melodia) to simulated adult counter telemetry; song learning; Melospiza melodia; eavesdropping; song sparrow 1. INTRODUCTION Many species use

Beecher, Michael

331

75 FR 17956 - Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention; Agency Information Collection Activities...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...1121-0219] Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention; Agency...Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, will be...353-9258, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention,...

2010-04-08

332

28 CFR 0.94 - Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. 0.94... § 0.94 Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. The Office...seq., relating to juvenile delinquency, the improvement...

2011-07-01

333

28 CFR 0.94 - Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 false Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. 0.94... § 0.94 Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. The Office...seq., relating to juvenile delinquency, the improvement...

2014-07-01

334

28 CFR 0.94 - Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. 0.94... § 0.94 Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. The Office...seq., relating to juvenile delinquency, the improvement...

2013-07-01

335

28 CFR 0.94 - Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. 0.94... § 0.94 Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. The Office...seq., relating to juvenile delinquency, the improvement...

2010-07-01

336

77 FR 70473 - Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention; Agency Information Collection Activities...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...1121-0218] Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention; Agency...Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, will be...305-1270, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention,...

2012-11-26

337

78 FR 56940 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comments Requested: Juvenile...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, will be...305-1270, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Office...CJ-15, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention,...

2013-09-16

338

78 FR 40189 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comments Requested: Juvenile...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...OF JUSTICE Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention [OMB Number...Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, will be...305-1270, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention,...

2013-07-03

339

28 CFR 0.94 - Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. 0.94... § 0.94 Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. The Office...seq., relating to juvenile delinquency, the improvement...

2012-07-01

340

Cacnb4 directly couples electrical activity to gene expression, a process defective in juvenile epilepsy  

E-print Network

mutation, responsible for a form of juvenile myoclonic epilepsy, prevents association with Ppp2r5 to juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (Escayg et a1 Cacnb4 directly couples electrical activity to gene expression, a process defective in juvenile

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

341

Kinematics and critical swimming speed of juvenile scalloped hammerhead sharks  

PubMed

Kinematics and critical swimming speed (Ucrit) of juvenile scalloped hammerhead sharks Sphyrna lewini were measured in a Brett-type flume (635 l). Kinematic parameters were also measured in sharks swimming in a large pond for comparison with those of sharks swimming in the flume. Sharks in the flume exhibited a mean Ucrit of 65±11 cm s-1 (± s.d.) or 1.17±0.21 body lengths per second (L s-1), which are similar to values for other species of sharks. In both the flume and pond, tailbeat frequency (TBF) and stride length (LS) increased linearly with increases in relative swimming speed (Urel=body lengths traveled per second). In the flume, tailbeat amplitude (TBA) decreased with increasing speed whereas TBA did not change with speed in the pond. Differences in TBF and LS between sharks swimming in the flume and the pond decreased with increases in Urel. Sharks swimming at slow speeds (e.g. 0.55 L s-1) in the pond had LS 19 % longer and TBF 21 % lower than sharks in the flume at the same Urel. This implies that sharks in the flume expended more energy while swimming at comparable velocities. Comparative measurements of swimming kinematics from sharks in the pond can be used to correct for effects of the flume on shark swimming kinematics and energetics. PMID:9320537

Lowe

1996-01-01

342

Macular hole in juvenile X-linked retinoschisis  

PubMed Central

An 18 year-old male with no antecedent of trauma, systemic syndrome or myopia was referred for surgical treatment of a full thickness macular hole in the left eye. A more careful inspection revealed discrete foveal cystic changes in the fellow eye and subtle peripheral depigmented retinal pigment epithelial changes in both eyes. A spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) scan confirmed, in addition to the full thickness macular hole in the left eye, microcystic spaces in the nuclear layers of both retinae. The diagnosis of X-linked retinoschisis was confirmed with a full field electroretinogram displaying the typical negative ERG. Macular holes are uncommon in the young and those complicating X-linked retinoschisis are rare. This report highlights the importance of investigating the presence of a macular hole in a young patient and illustrates the clinical and SD-OCT clues beyond the foveal center which led to the correct diagnosis of X-linked juvenile retinoschisis. PMID:24409088

Al-Swaina, Nayef; Nowilaty, Sawsan R.

2013-01-01

343

FACILITY DATABASE  

Cancer.gov

January 2008 LASP FACILTY Database Form 5.000 Issue Reporting Form This form is used to report data and/or program related issues regarding the FACILITY database, Supplemental, or the LASP Online Access System. Before submitting this form,

344

Health Facilities  

MedlinePLUS

Health facilities are places that provide health care. They include hospitals, clinics, outpatient care centers, and specialized care centers, such as birthing centers and psychiatric care centers. When you choose ...

345

Facility Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews recommendations on policies for leasing surplus school space made during the Council of Educational Facility Planners/International conference. A case study presentation of a Seattle district's use of lease agreements is summarized. (MJL)

Graves, Ben E.

1984-01-01

346

The LSP/SNI Test Facility.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Vendors implementing Standard Network Interconnection (SNI) protocols for computer to computer communications can now test their implementation against the Linked Systems Project/SNI Test Facility developed by Library of Congress. The facility is intended to verify correct functioning of SNI protocols for Open System Interconnection (OSI) layers.…

Denenberg, Ray

1986-01-01

347

The Juvenile Counseling and Assessment Model and Program: A Conceptualization and Intervention for Juvenile Delinquency.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a model of conceptualization and intervention for juvenile delinquency. Model includes the characteristics of the adolescent, ecological context in which the adolescent lives, and the interaction among these variables. Describes a specific integrated service, training, and research project based on the model. The project utilizes a…

Calhoun, Georgia B.; Glaser, Brian A.; Bartolomucci, Christi L.

2001-01-01

348

Effects of Juvenile Steelhead on Juvenile Chinook Salmon Behavior and Physiology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Experiments were designed to determine whether and how steelhead Oncorhynchus mykiss affect chinook salmon O. tshawytscha when the two species are confined together. In a behavioral experiment, we observed groups of juvenile chinook salmon and steelhead together and groups of chinook salmon alone to determine whether the steelhead were aggressive and their presence changed the behavior of chinook salmon. We

D. A. Kelsey; C. B. Schreck; J. L. Congleton; L. E. Davis

2002-01-01

349

Predictors of Support for Juvenile Sex Offender Registration: Educated Individuals Recognize the Flaws of Juvenile Registration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We investigated demographic predictors of support for juvenile sex offender registration policies, including education level, gender, political orientation, and age. Participants were 168 individuals recruited from public places in a Midwest community (45% women; M age = 42). In line with hypotheses, as education level increased, support for…

Stevenson, Margaret C.; Smith, Amy C.; Sekely, Ady; Farnum, Katlyn S.

2013-01-01

350

MRI findings of juvenile psoriatic arthritis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective  The aim of this study was to describe the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of juvenile psoriatic arthritis (JpsA)\\u000a in children in order to facilitate early diagnosis and proper management.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Materials and methods  Two pediatric radiologists retrospectively reviewed in consensus a total of 37 abnormal MRI examinations from 31 pediatric\\u000a patients (nine boys, 22 girls; age range 1–17 years; mean age 9.4 years)

Edward Y. Lee; Robert P. Sundel; Susan Kim; David Zurakowski; Paul K. Kleinman

2008-01-01

351

Juvenile limb-girdle myasthenia gravis.  

PubMed

Limb-girdle myasthenia is a rare disorder which includes familial and autoimmune forms. Myasthenia gravis is an uncommon disease in children and its diagnosis may be difficult. We report here five cases of autoimmune juvenile LGM starting before the age of 16 years with attention to clinical diagnostic difficulties, evolution, laboratory and instrumental data as well as response to treatment. Diagnosis of limb-girdle myasthenia requires a strong index of suspicion also in childhood. We suggest that this form be suspected in children with unclassifiable myopathy, mostly affecting deltoid muscles and lower extremities. PMID:16429374

Rodolico, C; Pastura, C; Sinicropi, S; Girlanda, P; Toscano, A; Messina, C; Vita, G

2005-12-01

352

RESOURCE SELECTION BY JUVENILE SWAINSON'S THRUSHES DURING THE POSTFLEDGING PERIOD  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resource-selection studies of passerine birds during the breeding season have mainly been limited to understanding those factors important to nesting. However, little is known about what resources are selected by juveniles that are no longer dependent on their parents. The postfledging period may be a critical part of the breeding season for independent juveniles because they must avoid predators and

Jennifer D. White; Thomas Gardali; Frank R. Thompson; John Faaborg

2005-01-01

353

The Moral Judgment of Juvenile Delinquents: A Meta-Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A meta-analysis of 50 studies was conducted to investigate whether juvenile delinquents use lower levels of moral judgment than their nondelinquent age-mates and, if so, what factors may influence or moderate the developmental delay. The results show a lower stage of moral judgment for juvenile delinquents (d = 0.76). Effect sizes were large for…

Stams, Geert Jan; Brugman, Daniel; Dekovic, Maja; van Rosmalen, Lenny; van der Laan, Peter; Gibbs, John C.

2006-01-01

354

Ontogenetic shift in habitat by early juvenile queen conch,  

E-print Network

Ontogenetic shift in habitat by early juvenile queen conch, Strombus gigas:. patterns and potential of young-of-the-year juvenile queen conch, Strombus gigas L., in the southern Exuma Cays, Bahamas. during (80-140mml conch were observed in adjacent, deeper seagrass beds, suggesting that queen conch make

355

Assessing Juvenile Sex Offenders to Determine Adequate Levels of Supervision.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study analyzed the internal consistency of four inventories used by Utah probation officers to determine adequate and efficacious supervision levels and placement for juvenile sex offenders. Three factors accounted for 41.2 percent of variance (custodian's and juvenile's attitude toward intervention, offense characteristics, and historical…

Gerdes, Karen E.; And Others

1995-01-01

356

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, 1991 Annual Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report fulfills the annual reporting requirements of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (JJDP) Act of 1974 as amended, and describes the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention's (OJJDP) efforts to carry out the broad mandates of the JJDP Act during fiscal year 1991. The report begins with an explanation of the…

Digital Systems Research Inc., Arlington, VA.

357

The moral reasoning of juvenile delinquents: A meta-analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

To test the hypothesized immaturity of juvenile delinquents' moral reasoning, the results of 15 studies of the moral reasoning of juvenile delinquents were integrated quantitatively using meta-analysis. Hedges and Olkin (1985) methods were used to (a) compute effect sizes, (b) test the homogeneity of the obtained effect sizes, and (c) test the statistical significance of the pooled mean effect size.

J. Ron Nelson; Deborah J. Smith; John Dodd

1990-01-01

358

Female juvenile delinquents' pragmatic awareness of conversational interactions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Standardized testing has shown that juvenile delinquents have a high incidence of communication problems; however, discourse analyses have failed to confirm pragmatic deficits. This study's purpose was to explore, using qualitative procedures, the pragmatic awareness of female juvenile delinquents concerning conversational interactions. The 45 participants engaged in small-group conversations about communication during multiple class periods. On-line field notes served as

Dixie D Sanger; Karen Hux; Mitzi Ritzman

1999-01-01

359

Escape\\/Aggression Incidence in Sexually Abused Juvenile Delinquents  

Microsoft Academic Search

The psychological impact of sexual abuse on children is not a well-understood phenomenon. It has been suggested, however, that such an experience renders the child more aggressive and antisocial. Juvenile delinquency crime data represent a strong test of that assumption. This study reports a continuation of prior research testing a theoretical model which predicts that juveniles subjected to abuse will

John W. Reich; Sara E. Gutierres

1979-01-01

360

A Structural Equation Modeling Analysis of Influences on Juvenile Delinquency  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined influences on delinquency and recidivism using structural equation modeling. The sample comprised 199,204 individuals: 99,602 youth whose cases had been processed by the South Carolina Department of Juvenile Justice and a matched control group of 99,602 youth without juvenile records. Structural equation modeling for the…

Barrett, David E.; Katsiyannis, Antonis; Zhang, Dalun; Zhang, Dake

2014-01-01

361

100th Anniversary of the Juvenile Court, 1899-1999.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue commemorates the 100th anniversary of the creation of the juvenile court and the recognition that the developmental differences between children and adults require differences in the ways they are treated by the court system. The feature article, "An Evolving Juvenile Court: On the Front Lines with Judge J. Dean Lewis," reviews the…

Juvenile Justice, 1999

1999-01-01

362

Delinquency Cases in Juvenile Court, 2002. OJJDP Fact Sheet #02  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This fact sheet presents statistics on delinquency cases processed by juvenile courts in 2002. The number of delinquency cases handled by juvenile courts decreased 11 percent between 1997 and 2002. During this time, the number of person offense cases decreased 2 percent, property offense cases decreased 27 percent, drug law violation cases…

Stahl, Anne L.

2006-01-01

363

Predictors of Sexual Aggression among Male Juvenile Offenders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to conduct a longitudinal examination of predictors of sexual aggression among male juvenile offenders. Four hundred and four adolescent males between the ages of 14 and 17 years were recruited from juvenile probation offices to take part in a prospective study of substance use and sexual risk. At baseline,…

Yeater, Elizabeth A.; Lenberg, Kathryn L.; Bryan, Angela D.

2012-01-01

364

Trauma and Juvenile Delinquency: Theory, Research, and Interventions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book addresses the connection between childhood trauma and juvenile delinquency. It includes theoretical models of this relationship and examinations of its most important aspects, explorations of trauma-related assessment issues, and practical therapeutic interventions for use with juvenile delinquents. Chapters include: (1) "The Role of…

Greenwald, Ricky, Ed.

365

ORIGINAL PAPER Determining the transition from juvenile to mature wood  

E-print Network

ORIGINAL PAPER Determining the transition from juvenile to mature wood microfibril angle 2012 Abstract & Context The transition of microfibril angle (MFA) values from juvenile to mature wood marks the change from var- iable, low-quality wood to stronger and more consistent wood that can produce

Boyer, Edmond

366

Age Determination in Larval and Juvenile Sheepshead, Archosargus  

E-print Network

Age Determination in Larval and Juvenile Sheepshead, Archosargus probatocephalus Pannella (1971 of teleosts. Enumeration of these daily increments is pm-ticularly useful for age determination in larval and juvenile fishes. Veri- fication of daily growth rings in individual fish species has generally been

367

The Death Penalty for Juveniles: An Assessment of Public Support  

Microsoft Academic Search

The United States is one of the few nations that permits the execution of offenders for murders committed while under the age of 18. The juvenile death penalty has received considerable media and public attention both nationally and internationally. Yet despite the extensive literature on public attitudes toward the death penalty, little research exists on public attitudes toward the juvenile

Sandra Evans Skovron; Joseph E. Scott; Francis T. Cullen

1989-01-01

368

Age and growth of larval and juvenile Atlantic croake~  

E-print Network

773 Age and growth of larval and juvenile Atlantic croake~ Micropogonias undulatus, from the Middle used to detennine age and growth of605 larval and juvenile Atlantic croaker, Micropogonias undulatus compared with light microscopy; ages were under- estimated with lapillar otoliths. which were particularly

369

Extinguishing All Hope: Life-without-Parole for Juveniles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sentencing juveniles to life-without-parole (JLWOP) is a practice fraught with ethical dilemmas. Through in-depth interviews with 11 men living sentences of JLWOP, their narratives of their backgrounds and experiences as juveniles were studied. Common themes were identified, and 3 general categories of cases emerged from the narratives. Ethical…

Butler, Frank

2010-01-01

370

Juvenile Crime and Criminal Justice: Resolving Border Disputes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rising juvenile crime rates during the 1970s and 1980s spurred state legislatures across the country to exclude or transfer a significant share of offenders under the age of eighteen to the jurisdiction of the criminal court, essentially redrawing the boundary between the juvenile and adult justice systems. Jeffrey Fagan examines the legal…

Fagan, Jeffrey

2008-01-01

371

Family and Community Perceptions of Quality in Juvenile Justice Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The conceptualization and empirical assessment of service quality in juvenile justice remains limited. There are few reports on programmatic attempts to assess satisfaction in juvenile justice programs or attempts to include what constitutes quality of service from multiple customer perspectives. This article describes a potential model, the Gap…

Selber, Katherine; Streeter, Calvin

2004-01-01

372

reproduction and juvenile growth at a cyclic population peak  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary 1. Snowshoe hare (Lepus americanus (Erxleben)) populations were provided with supplemental food on two study grids in the south-west Yukon to examine the effects of food on reproduction and juvenile growth. 2. Timing of parturition, pregnancy rates, litter sizes, male breeding condition, and juvenile growth rates were measured on two food grids and on two control grids during two

MARK O'DONOGHUE; CHARLES J. KREBS

373

Psychological Characteristics of Juvenile Alcohol and Drug Users.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates whether personality tests can differentiate between alcohol and drug users among juvenile offenders. Subjects were 108 Icelandic juvenile offenders who had been given conditional discharge, who received the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ) and Gough Socialisation Scale (GSS). Drug and alcohol users scored significantly lower…

Sigurdsson, Jon F.; Gudjonsson, Gisli H.

1996-01-01

374

A perspective for understanding the modes of juvenile hormone  

E-print Network

A perspective for understanding the modes of juvenile hormone action as a lipid signaling system Diana E. Wheeler1 * and H. F. Nijhout2 Summary The juvenile hormones of insects regulate an unusually-standing puzzle in insect developmental biology and physiology how one hormone can have such diverse effects

Wheeler, Diana E.

375

Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy: A clinical and sleep EEG study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) is characterized by myoclonic jerks on awakening, generalized tonic–clonic seizures (GTCS) and is associated with absence seizures in more than one third of cases. Fifteen patients with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy were studied with regard to their clinical profile, EEG data and sleep EEG findings. There was a delay in the diagnosis of JME (mean of 3.5

A. K. Dhanuka; B. K. Jain; Singh Daljit; D. Maheshwari

2001-01-01

376

Electroencephalogram and Clinical Focalities in Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Partial seizures and asymmetric abnormalities seen on electroencephalogram (EEG) are infrequent in juvenile myoclonic epilepsy, but when present, can lead to a misdiagnosis of partial seizures. We report four patients with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy who had generalized spike or polyspike and wave discharges on EEG in addition to clinical and EEG evidence of focality. The clinical course and response to

Gerald M. So; Elizabeth A. Thiele; Terence Sanger; Regula Schmid; James J. Riviello

1998-01-01

377

Clinical factors of drug resistance in juvenile myoclonic epilepsy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy is a comparatively benign form of idiopathic generalised epilepsy. Little is known about the prevalence of difficult to treat or drug resistant patients. Among 155 consecutive patients with newly diagnosed juvenile myoclonic epilepsy evaluated between 1981 and 1998 and followed up for at least 1 year (61 men, 94 women; aged 15–70 years, mean 33 (SD 10.3);

P Gelisse; P Genton; P Thomas; M Rey; J C Samuelian; C Dravet

2001-01-01

378

Dating Violence and Girls in the Juvenile Justice System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to explore the prevalence and associated behaviors of dating violence among a population of girls in the juvenile justice system. A sample of 590 girls from an urban juvenile justice system completed a questionnaire assessing attitudes and self-efficacy about and occurrence of dating violence. The analysis developed a…

Kelly, Patricia J.; Cheng, An-Lin; Peralez-Dieckmann, Esther; Martinez, Elisabeth

2009-01-01

379

A Framework for Planning Behavior Change in Juvenile Offenders  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines a number of disagreements about how to produce behavior change in juvenile offenders. It is proposed that efforts made in the behavioral sciences to reconcile different views of behavior change may be fruitfully applied in reconciling different methods used by juvenile court judges and other court personnel. Herbert Kelman's conceptual framework for comparing different methods of inducing

Peter B. Lenrow

1966-01-01

380

Familial Aggregation of Autoimmune Disease in Juvenile Dermatomyositis  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: Familial aggregation of autoimmune diseases likely reflects shared pathogenic factors between different diseases. Familial aggregation of autoimmunity has not been examined in juvenile dermatomyositis. Interferon-? is thought to be a pathogenic factor in both systemic lupus erythematosus and juvenile dermatomyositis, and we have previously demonstrated familial aggregation of serum interferon-?. METHODS: Family histories were obtained from 304 families of children with juvenile dermatomyositis via 3-generation structured interviews performed by the same person. Rates of autoimmune disease in families of children with juvenile dermatomyositis were compared with published population rates. Serum interferon-?, tumor necrosis factor-?, and neopterin were measured using standard techniques. RESULTS: A total of 51% of families of children with juvenile dermatomyositis reported at least 1 additional member affected by an autoimmune disease. In particular, both type 1 diabetes and systemic lupus erythematosus were significantly more common than would be expected (odds ratio >5, P ? 1 × 10?7 for both). Pedigree analysis showed particularly strong familial clustering of systemic lupus erythematosus with little decrease in incidence across generations, suggesting the possibility of rare causal genes with large effect. Untreated subjects with juvenile dermatomyositis with a family history of systemic lupus erythematosus had higher serum interferon-? than those who did not (P = .047). CONCLUSIONS: We find strong familial aggregation of specific autoimmune diseases in families of children with juvenile dermatomyositis, suggesting that these conditions share pathogenic factors. Higher serum interferon-? in juvenile dermatomyositis patients with a family history of systemic lupus erythematosus suggesting that interferon-? is one such shared factor. PMID:21502224

Wu, Stephanie C.; Smith, Molly; Morgan, Gabrielle A.; Pachman, Lauren M.

2011-01-01

381

Survival of Juvenile Chinook Salmon during Barge Transport  

SciTech Connect

To mitigate for fish losses related to passage through the Federal Columbia River Power System, an extensive fish transportation program using barges and trucks to move fish around and downstream of dams and reservoirs was implemented in 1981. Population modeling and other analyses to support Pacific salmon recovery efforts have assumed that the survival of juvenile salmonids during the transportation experience was 98%. To estimate survival during barge transport from Lower Granite Dam on the Snake River to a release area downstream of Bonneville Dam, a distance of 470 km, we used a novel adaptation of a release-recapture model with acoustic-tagged yearling Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) smolts. A total of 1,494 yearling Chinook salmon were surgically implanted with Juvenile Salmon Acoustic Telemetry System (JSATS) acoustic transmitters and passive integrated transponders (PIT) and divided into three groups. The three tagged groups consisted of; (1) a group which was released into the raceway with the population of fish which were later loaded into transportation barges (R{sub B}), (2) a group which was held in a net-pen suspended within the general barge population until 5-6 h prior to barge evacuation, at which time they were confirmed to be alive and then released into the general barge population (R{sub A}), and (3) to validate a model assumption, a group which was euthanized and released into the barge population 2-8 h prior to barge evacuation (R{sub D}). Six replicates of these groups were loaded onto fish transport barges that departed Lower Granite Dam on the Snake River between 29 April and 13 May, 2010. Acoustic receiver arrays between 70 and 220 km downstream of the barge evacuation site were used to detect tagged fish and served as the basis for estimation of survival within the barge. Tag-life-corrected estimates of reach survival were calculated for barged and control fish in each of the six replicate trials. The ratio of survival from release to Rkm 153 for barged fish relative to control fish provided the estimate of within-barge survival. The replicate survival estimates ranged from 0.9503 (SE = 0.0253) to 1.0003 (SE = 0.0155). The weighted average of the replicate estimates of within-barge survival was computed to be = 0.9833 (SE = 0.0062). This study provides the first documentation that assumed survival of 98% inside barges during yearling Chinook salmon smolt transport appears to be justified. Survival of other species or stocks by barge or for any species/stock by truck remains unknown.

McMichael, Geoffrey A.; Skalski, J. R.; Deters, Katherine A.

2011-12-01

382

40 CFR 257.26 - Assessment of corrective measures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...SOLID WASTES CRITERIA FOR CLASSIFICATION OF SOLID WASTE DISPOSAL FACILITIES AND PRACTICES Disposal Standards for...CESQG) Wastes at Non-Municipal Non-Hazardous Waste Disposal Units Ground-Water Monitoring and Corrective...

2010-07-01

383

77 FR 37421 - Reimbursement Rates for Calendar Year 2012 Correction  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...HUMAN SERVICES Indian Health Service Reimbursement Rates for Calendar Year 2012 Correction AGENCY: Indian Health Service, HHS...medical care provided by Indian Health Service facilities for Calendar Year 2012 for Medicare and Medicaid beneficiaries of...

2012-06-21

384

40 CFR 264.101 - Corrective action for solid waste management units.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Corrective action for solid waste management units. 264.101...PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS FOR...DISPOSAL FACILITIES Releases From Solid Waste Management Units §...

2010-07-01

385

77 FR 72199 - Technical Corrections; Correction  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...NRC) is correcting a final rule that was published in the Federal...August 6, 2012. That final rule amended the NRC regulations...citations and typographical and spelling errors, and making other edits...authority citations in the final rule. DATES: The correction...

2012-12-05

386

Juvenile Delinquency and Teenage Pregnancy: A Comparison of Ecological Risk Profiles among Midwestern White and Black Female Juvenile Offenders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors examined ecological risk factors associated with teen pregnancy with a sample of 1,190 court-involved female juvenile offenders between 11 and 18 years of age. Data were obtained from five Midwestern juvenile county courts using a recently developed youth risk assessment instrument called the global risk assessment device (GRAD). In…

Khurana, Atika; Cooksey, Elizabeth C.; Gavazzi, Stephen M.

2011-01-01

387

Trapping and Transportation of Adult and Juvenile Salmon in the Lower Umatilla River in Northeast Oregon, 1995-1996 : Umatilla River Basin Trap and Haul Program : Annual Progress Report, October 1995-September 1996.  

SciTech Connect

Threemile Falls Dam (Threemile Dam), located near the town of Umatilla, is the major collection and counting point for adult salmonids returning to the Umatilla River. Returning salmon and steelhead were collected at Threemile Dam from September 5, 1995 to July 1, 1996. A total of 2,081 summer steelhead (Oncorhynchus mykiss); 603 adult, 288 jack, and 338 subjack fall chinook (O. tshawytscha); 946 adult and 53 jack coho (O. kisutch); and 2,152 adult and 121 jack spring chinook (O. tshawytscha) were collected. All fish were trapped at the east bank facility. The Westland Canal juvenile facility (Westland), located near the town of Echo at rivermile (RM) 27, is the major collection point for outmigrating juvenile salmonids and steelhead kelts. The Threemile Dam west bank juvenile bypass was operated from September 8 to October 13, 1995 and from March 18 to June 30, 1996. The juvenile trap was operated from July 1 to July 11. Daily operations at the facility were conducted by the ODFW Fish Passage Research project to monitor juvenile outmigration.

Zimmerman, Brian C.; Duke, Bill B.

1996-09-01

388

Facilities Manager.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a series of articles that cover a range of issues with regard to the Association of Higher Education Facilities Officers. Papers explore ways to balance natural and human settings, provide an overview of a professional leadership academy, describe the preparations for an effectiveness skills program, and outline some of the concerns…

Facilities Manager, 1998

1998-01-01

389

Music Facilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The layouts and specifications in this booklet are intended to assist those involved in planning music facilities for elementary and secondary schools. Drawings, room plans, and text illustrate specifications for location; space relationship; combined and separate instrumental and vocal rooms; practice rooms; and auxiliary areas. Particular…

Ontario Dept. of Education, Toronto. School Planning and Building Research Section.

390

Recycling of magmatic clasts during explosive eruptions: estimating the true juvenile content of phreatomagmatic volcanic deposits  

Microsoft Academic Search

The juvenile content of phreatomagmatic deposits contains both ‘first-cycle’ juvenile clasts derived from magma at the instant of eruption, and recycled juvenile clasts, which were fragmented and first ejected by earlier explosions during the eruption, but fell back or collapsed into the vent. Recycled juvenile clasts are similar to accessory and accidental lithics in that they contribute no heat to

B. F. Houghton; R. T. Smith

1993-01-01

391

Trapping and Transportation of Adult and Juvenile Salmon in the Lower Umatilla River in Northeast Oregon: Umatilla River Basin Trap and Haul Program, October 1994-September 1995.  

SciTech Connect

Threemile Falls Dam (Threemile Dam), located near the town of Umatilla, is the major collection and counting point for adult salmonids returning to the Umatilla River. Returning salmon and steelhead were collected at Threemile Dam from August 26, 1994 to June 27, 1995. A total of 1,531 summer steelhead (Oncorhynchus mykiss); 688 adult, 236 jack, and 368 subjack fall chinook (O. tshawvtscha); 984 adult and 62 jack coho (O. kisutch) ; and 388 adult and 108 jack spring chinook (O. tshawvtscha) were collected. All fish were trapped at the east bank facility. Of the fish collected, 971 summer steelhead; 581 adult and 27 jack fall chinook; 500 adult and 22 jack coho; and 363 adult and 61 jack spring chinook were hauled upstream from Threemile Dam. There were also 373 summer steelhead; 12 adult, 186 jack and 317 subjack fall chinook; 379 adult and 32 jack coho; and 15 adult and one jack spring chinook released at Threemile Dam. In addition, 154 summer steelhead were hauled to Bonifer and Minthorn for brood. The Westland Canal facility, located near the town of Echo, is the major collection point for outmigrating juvenile salmonids and steelhead kelts. The facility operated for a total of 179 days between December 2, 1994 and July 19, 1995. During that period, fish were bypassed back to the river 137 days and were trapped 42 days. Three steelhead kelts and an estimated 1,560 pounds of juvenile fish were transported from the Westland Canal trap to the Umatilla River boat ramp at rivermile 0.5. Approximately 98% of the fish transported this year were salmonids. The Threemile Dam west bank juvenile bypass began operating March 25, 1995 and was closed on June 16, 1995. The juvenile trap was operated by Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife research personnel from April 1, 1995 through the summer to monitor juvenile outmigration.

Zimmerman, Brian C.; Duke, Bill B.

1995-09-01

392

Few juvenile auditory perceptual skills correlate with adult performance.  

PubMed

Measures of human mental development suggest that behavioral skills displayed during early life can predict an individual's subsequent cognitive performance. Support for this draws from longitudinal studies that reveal compelling within-subject correlations during childhood. If this idea applies across the life span, then correlations in performance should persist into adulthood. Here, we address this prediction in juvenile and adult gerbils by evaluating within-subject measures of auditory learning and perception. Animals were trained and tested as juveniles on either an amplitude modulation (AM) or a frequency modulation (FM) detection task. Measures of learning and perception obtained from juveniles were then compared to similar measures obtained when each subject was tested in adulthood on either the same task or the untrained task. For animals trained and tested on the AM detection task as juveniles and adults, there was no correlation between juvenile and adult learning metrics, or perceptual sensitivity. For animals trained and tested on FM detection as juveniles, we observed a significant relationship to their adult performance. Juveniles that performed the best on FM detection were the poorest at AM detection, and the best at FM detection, when tested as adults. Thus, across-age correlations for sensory and cognitive measures, obtained during development and in adulthood, depend heavily on the specific type of developmental experience and the outcome measure. PMID:24512063

Sarro, Emma C; Sanes, Dan H

2014-02-01

393

Juvenile and adult rat neuromuscular junctions: density, distribution, and morphology.  

PubMed

Anatomical and physiological differences in neuromuscular junctions (NMJs) between juvenile and adult muscle may partially explain the variability in clinical results following chemodenervation with botulinum toxin or nerve repair in children and adults. We evaluated NMJ density, distribution, and morphometry in biceps brachii and gastrocnemius muscles from juvenile and adult rats. Motor endplates were stained with Karnovsky-Roots methods, and NMJ density (number/gram muscle tissue) was determined. The NMJ morphometry was quantitated with alpha-bungarotoxin labeling using confocal microscopy. Juvenile rats had a greater NMJ density in both muscles compared with adult rats. Juveniles and adult rats had a similar NMJ distribution in both muscles. In juvenile muscles NMJs occupied approximately 50% of the surface area and 70% of the length, width, circumference, and gutter depth compared with adult muscles. Our study demonstrates that although NMJs are smaller, juvenile muscles have a higher NMJ density than do adult muscles with similar distributions. If these age-dependent differences in NMJ density are obtained in humans, they may account, at least in part, for the better recovery that occurs in children than adults after nerve repair and also suggest that the dosage of botulinum toxin (units per kg) for chemodenervation may need to be increased in juveniles. PMID:12451605

Ma, Jianjun; Smith, Beth P; Smith, Thomas L; Walker, Francis O; Rosencrance, Eileen V; Koman, L Andrew

2002-12-01

394

Laser capture microdissection of gonads from juvenile zebrafish  

PubMed Central

Background Investigating gonadal gene expression is important in attempting to elucidate the molecular mechanism of sex determination and differentiation in the model species zebrafish. However, the small size of juvenile zebrafish and correspondingly their gonads complicates this type of investigation. Furthermore, the lack of a genetic sex marker in juvenile zebrafish prevents pooling gonads from several individuals. The aim of this study was to establish a method to isolate the gonads from individual juvenile zebrafish allowing future investigations of gonadal gene expression during sex determination and differentiation. Methods The laser capture microdissection technique enables isolation of specific cells and tissues and thereby removes the noise of gene expression from other cells or tissues in the gene expression profile. A protocol developed for laser microdissection of human gonocytes was adjusted and optimised to isolate juvenile zebrafish gonads. Results The juvenile zebrafish gonad is not morphologically distinguishable when using dehydrated cryosections on membrane slides and a specific staining method is necessary to identify the gonads. The protocol setup in this study allows staining, identification, isolation and subsequent RNA purification and amplification of gonads from individual juvenile zebrafish thereby enabling gonadal gene expression profiling. Conclusion The study presents a protocol for isolation of individual juvenile zebrafish gonads, which will enable future investigations of gonadal gene expression during the critical period of sex differentiation. Furthermore, the presented staining method is applicable to other species as it is directed towards alkaline phosphatase that is expressed in gonocytes and embryonic stem cells, which is conserved among vertebrate species. PMID:19747405

2009-01-01

395

Education and Correctional Populations. Bureau of Justice Statistics Special Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents data from the Survey of Inmates in State and Federal Correctional Facilities, 1991 and 1997; Survey of Inmates in Local Jails, 1989 and 1996 ; Survey of Adults on Probation, 1995; National Adult Literacy Survey; and Current Population Survey. Correctional populations were less educated than the general public. Numbers of…

Harlow, Caroline Wolf

396

Corrective Action Plan for Corrective Action Unit 214: Bunkers and Storage Areas, Nevada Test Site, Nevada - Revision 0 - March 2005  

SciTech Connect

Corrective Action Unit 214, Bunkers and Storage Areas, is identified in the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order of 1996. Corrective Action Unit 214 consists of nine Corrective Action Sites located in Areas 5, 11, and 25 of the Nevada Test Site. The Nevada Test Site is located approximately 105 kilometers (65 miles) northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada, in Nye County. Corrective Action Unit 214 was previously characterized in 2004, and results were presented in the Corrective Action Decision Document for 214. Site characterization indicated that soil and/or debris exceeded clean-up criteria for Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons, pesticides, metals, and radiological contamination.

U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration, Nevada Site Office; Bechtel Nevada

2005-03-01

397

Boots Corrections Syllabus Page 1 Corrections  

E-print Network

, and controversies within the correctional system. The incarceration of various criminal populations in jails and prisons, alternatives to incarceration (e.g., probation and parole), capital punishment, and the public

O'Toole, Alice J.

398

Trauma History and PTSD Symptoms in Juvenile Offenders on Probation  

PubMed Central

Detained and incarcerated juveniles are found to have heightened rates of trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Less is known about probation youth, who represent the majority of juveniles in the criminal justice system. This study examined trauma history and PTSD and associations with behavioral health problems among 13–17 year-old juveniles on probation (N=61). Most (93%) reported at least one traumatic event, and 12% met diagnostic criteria for PTSD. Trauma exposure and PTSD symptoms were associated with mental health problems but not substance use or risky sexual behavior. Findings underscore the importance of addressing trauma history in probation youth. PMID:24273468

Wilson, Helen W.; Berent, Elizabeth; Donenberg, Geri R.; Emerson, Erin M.; Rodriguez, Erin M.; Sandesara, Anand

2013-01-01

399

A Late Presentation of a Fatal Disease: Juvenile Hemochromatosis  

PubMed Central

Juvenile hemochromatosis is a rare and severe form of hereditary hemochromatosis. We report the case of a 39-year-old female who presented with heart failure and cirrhosis from previously unrecognized juvenile hemochromatosis. This is the latest presentation described in the literature. An important clue to the diagnosis was a history of amenorrhea since the age of 20 that had never been investigated. The patient died of intractable heart failure two months after the initial presentation. Juvenile hemochromatosis should be suspected in a young patient with endocrine or cardiac manifestations. Early diagnosis is crucial since phlebotomy can improve the prognosis and delay or prevent progression to heart failure and cirrhosis. PMID:24106505

Brown, Kyle

2013-01-01

400

Juvenile chondrodermatitis nodularis helicis: a case report and literature review.  

PubMed

Chondrodermatitis nodularis helicis (CNH) is a disorder that affects adults. Only one case of juvenile CNH has been reported, in an 8-year-old child who suffered from dermatomyositis. We report another child with juvenile CNH who was not afflicted with dermatomyositis or other systemic disorders. The clinical and histologic evaluations demonstrated CNH on the helix of the right ear in a 16-year-old Caucasian girl who was otherwise healthy. Serologic analysis ruled out an underlying autoimmune disorder. We conclude that juvenile CNH is extremely rare and may occur in patients without dermatomyositis or other systemic disorders. PMID:14651566

Rogers, Nicole E; Farris, Patricia K; Wang, Alun R

2003-01-01

401

Neuropsychology and behavior in juvenile myoclonic epilepsy.  

PubMed

Following decades of neglect, there has been an increasing interest in the behavioral aspects of juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) in the recent literature. A number of authors have investigated psychiatric comorbidity, cognitive profiles, and related behavioral features associated with JME. Although these findings are not entirely uniform, most studies suggest an increased incidence in psychiatric comorbidity and specific cognitive deficits that explain some of the clinical observations of poor compliance and other unhealthy behaviors in people suffering from JME. Neuropsychological profiles in JME are suggestive of subtle frontal dysfunctions, and some of the observations have been linked with sophisticated structural and functional imaging findings. Taken together, there is evidence that JME is associated with dysfunctions in networks linking motor and cognitive neuronal centers. Interestingly, there is evidence from family studies that the behavioral abnormalities in JME are genetically determined, suggesting an underlying developmental disorder. PMID:23756486

Schmitz, Bettina; Yacubian, Elza Marcia; Feucht, Martha; Hermann, Bruce; Trimble, Michael

2013-07-01

402

Psychiatric medication refill practices of juvenile detainees.  

PubMed

To examine the psychiatric medication fill rates of adolescents after release from juvenile detention. The team reviewed 177 charts. A fill was defined as a psychiatric medication charge to Medicaid 30- or 90-days after release. Differences in demographic characteristics were compared among individuals with fills at 30- or 90-days and those with no medication fills. Forty-five percent of patients were on at least one psychiatric medication. Among detainees on a psychiatric medication, 62 % had a fill by 30 days after release, and 78 % by 90 days. At least 50 % of the adolescents on a psychiatric medication were on an atypical antipsychotic. There was no significant relationship between medication fill and race, age, or sex. Despite the known associations between mental health diagnosis and treatment-seeking with age, sex, and race, it appears that psychiatric medication fill patterns after release from detention are not associated with these factors. PMID:23381007

Neff, Mallery R; Aalsma, Matthew C; Rosenman, Marc B; Wiehe, Sarah E

2013-12-01

403

Citrus transformation using juvenile tissue explants.  

PubMed

The most frequently used method for production of citrus transgenic plants is via Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of tissues found on explants obtained from juvenile seedlings. Within the last decade and especially within the last 5-6 years, this robust method was employed to produce thousands of transgenic plants. With the newly applied screening methods that allow easier and faster detection of transgenic shoots, estimates of transformation rate for some cultivars have gone up making this approach even more attractive. Although adjustments have to be made regarding the (varietal) source of the starting material and Agrobacterium strain used in each experiment preformed, the major steps of this procedure have not changed significantly if at all. Transgenic citrus plants produced this way belong to cultivars of rootstocks, sweet oranges, grapefruits, mandarins, limes, and lemons. PMID:25416263

Orbovi?, Vladimir; Grosser, Jude W

2015-01-01

404

Landmark learning by juvenile salamanders (Ambystoma maculatum).  

PubMed

Learning to use a landmark as a beacon to locate resources is one of the simplest forms of spatial learning. We tested whether landmark learning occurs in a semifossorial salamander that migrates annually to breeding ponds as adults. Juvenile spotted salamanders (Ambystoma maculatum) were tested in square containers with a plastic feeding dish in each corner, and a piece of earthworm was placed in one randomly-chosen dish. For landmark-trained salamanders, a rock was placed beside the dish containing the prey. For control salamanders, the rock was placed beside a randomly selected feeding dish. Each salamander was trained once every 2 days for 30 days. Significantly more landmark-trained salamanders than control salamanders entered the landmark area first, and landmark-trained individuals had faster latencies to enter the landmark area and longer stay-times. These results suggest that spotted salamanders are able to locate resources by associating their positions with landmarks. PMID:25444775

Heuring, Whitney L; Mathis, Alicia

2014-10-01

405

Juvenile xanthogranuloma. Ultrastructural and immunocytochemical studies.  

PubMed

Morphologic features of three cases of juvenile xanthogranuloma (JXG) were consistent with the current concept of a benign process, although the lesion in one case grew steadily to an extensively infiltrating large mass, which clinically suggested a malignant growth. Ultrastructurally, the lesion consisted of morphologically different developmental stages of histiocytes, probably reflecting different functional levels. An interesting finding was the presence of occasional subplasmalemmal linear densities between these cells. These densities were at times symmetrically opposed, forming desmosomelike junctional complexes. Immunohistochemical study for the presence of lysozyme, alpha 1-antitrypsin, and S100 protein by the avidin-biotin-peroxidase complex was performed in all three cases. All immunostains were negative except the positive lysozyme stain in two cases. The ultrastructural and cytochemical characteristics of histiocytes in JXG were similar to epithelioid cells in the lymph node, suggesting that JXG is a reactive lesion. PMID:3094477

Seo, I S; Min, K W; Mirkin, L D

1986-10-01

406

Autoantibodies in Greek juvenile chronic arthritis patients.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to investigate sera of Greek patients with juvenile chronic arthritis (JCA) for the presence of autoantibodies and correlate these antibodies with the clinical picture and disease activity. Sera from 69 JCA patients and sera from 66 healthy children matched for sex and age, were tested for antinuclear antibodies (ANAs), antibodies to extractable cellular antigens (ENAs), rheumatoid factor (RF), immunoglobulins (IgG, IgM), antibodies to double stranded (ds) DNA and anticardiolipin (CL). Our results indicate that: (a) autoantibodies to dsDNA are a not uncommon finding in JCA sera; (b) these autoantibodies have a low affinity for the antigen since they are found in low titers only by ELISA, while the Farr assay and Crithidia lucilliae immunofluorescence assay (IF) are negative; and (c) active JCA patients express many autoantibodies. PMID:1764846

Siamopoulou-Mavridou, A; Mavridis, A K; Terzoglou, C; Filopoulou, S; Athanasiadou, S; Tzioufas, A G

1991-01-01

407

Juvenile hormone esterase: biochemistry and structure  

PubMed Central

Synopsis Normal insect development requires a precisely timed, precipitous drop in hemolymph juvenile hormone (JH) titer. This drop occurs through a coordinated halt in JH biosynthesis and increase in JH metabolism. In many species, JH esterase (JHE) is critical for metabolism of the resonance-stabilized methyl ester of JH. JHE metabolizes JH with a high kcat/KM ratio that results primarily from an exceptionally low KM. Here we review the biochemistry and structure of authentic and recombinant JHEs from six insect orders, and present updated diagnostic criteria that help to distinguish JHEs from other carboxylesterases. The use of a JHE-encoding gene to improve the insecticidal efficacy of biopesticides is also discussed. PMID:23543805

Kamita, Shizuo G.; Hammock, Bruce D.

2013-01-01

408

Anakinra for Myocarditis in Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis  

PubMed Central

A 20-year-old pregnant woman with a history of juvenile idiopathic arthritis presented with flu-like symptoms, systemic inflammation with myocarditis, and severe cardiomyopathy. Six weeks earlier, her chronic-arthritis therapy had been changed from anakinra, an interleukin-1? receptor antagonist, to etanercept. When she resumed taking anakinra, her condition improved dramatically, including a complete recovery of ventricular function. Myocarditis is a well-recognized complication of systemic vasculitides. This unusual case emphasizes the important pathophysiologic role of interleukin receptors in the successful treatment of myocarditis. We suggest that clinical cardiologists be aware of the therapeutic usefulness of biological agents such as anakinra in patients with rheumatic conditions. PMID:24391342

Movva, Rajesh; Brown, Suzanne B.; Morris, D. Lynn; Figueredo, Vincent M.

2013-01-01

409

Corrective Action Plan for Corrective Action Unit 151: Septic Systems and Discharge Area, Nevada Test Site, Nevada  

SciTech Connect

Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 151, Septic Systems and Discharge Area, is listed in the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO) of 1996 (FFACO, 1996). CAU 151 consists of eight Corrective Action Sites (CASs) located in Areas 2, 12, and 18 of the Nevada Test Site (NTS), which is located approximately 65 miles northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada.

NSTec Environmental Restoration

2007-03-01

410

Establishing a School-Based Mentoring Program for Youth Who Are Transitioning from a Secure Facility  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Youth with disabilities face many obstacles when transitioning from a juvenile detention facility back to school. A school-based mentoring program provides formerly incarcerated youth with support and encouragement from a caring, responsible adult. Youth with positive role models such as a mentor are more likely to successfully transition back to…

Waller, Katherine S.; Houchins, David E.; Nomvete, Patsy Thomas

2010-01-01

411

An exploration of psychopathy in self-report measures among juvenile sex offenders.  

PubMed

Researchers have indicated that adult psychopathy often originates in childhood or adolescence. It has also been established that psychopathic traits are linked to disruptive behavior, criminality, and violence. As knowledge about psychopathy and its manifestations in juvenile sex offender populations remains limited, several instruments have been developed in an effort to measure the construct. In this study, we assessed how the relationship of diverse scales of psychopathy related to characteristics of sexual aggression, and determined which scales were most correlated to sexual and nonsexual delinquency. We utilized four measures of juvenile psychopathy: the Modified Childhood Psychopathy Scale (mCPS; Lynam, 1997), the Antisocial Process Screening Device (APSD; Frick & Hare, 2001; Frick, O'Brien, Wootton, & McBurnett, 1994), the Millon Adolescent Clinical Inventory (MACI; Millon & Davis, 1993; using two derived psychopathy scales), and the Inventory of Callous and Unemotional (ICU) Traits (Frick, 2003), in a sample of 191 incarcerated adolescent sex offenders located in juvenile detention facilities across a Midwestern state. We found that of the four instruments and seven subscales, only the APSD Narcissism and Impulsivity Scale was significantly correlated to a characteristic of sexual crime (i.e., number of victims, level of crime severity). No subscales were found to predict sexual crime at a significant level. However, several scales were correlated to the total delinquency score as measured by the Self-Reported Delinquency Measure. In a series of multiple regressions, the MACI Factor 2 and ICU total score were determined as the best fit to total nonsexual delinquency. Implications are offered. PMID:23525176

Morrell, Laura M; Burton, David L

2014-05-01

412

Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia (CMML) and Juvenile Myelomonocytic Leukemia (JMML)  

MedlinePLUS

... Leukemia (CMML) and Juvenile Myelomonocytic Leukemia (JMML)/5 Stem Cell Transplantation for CMML. Allogeneic stem cell transplantation (giving ... stabilization and partial remission rather than complete remission. Stem Cell Transplantation for JMML. Allogeneic stem cell transplantation (giving ...

413

Tail Kinematics of Juvenile Common Snapping Turtles during Aquatic Walking  

E-print Network

juvenile Common Snapping Turtles (Chelydra serpentina) during aquatic walking. Common Snapping Turtles hold Macrochelys temminicki and three Common Snapping Turtle species in the genus Chelydra; Phillips et al., 1996

Blob, Richard W.

414

28 CFR 115.114 - Juveniles and youthful detainees.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...youthful detainees. 115.114 Section 115.114 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Lockups Prevention Planning § 115.114 Juveniles and youthful...

2012-07-01

415

Salinity tolerance and avoidance in juvenile paddlefish, Polyodon spathula  

E-print Network

Laboratory studies of salinity tolerance and avoidance in juvenile paddlefish Polyodon spathula were motivated by concern that stocked individuals of this freshwater species might disperse via coastal marine waders. The tolerance study consisted...

Vignali, Carl R

2012-06-07

416

Chloride cells and impaired osmoregulation in juvenile American shad  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In the laboratory, juvenile shad under a simulated natural temperature regime (SNT) in freshwater (FW) through the period of fall migration exhibited a 68% decline in plasma [Cl-] and a 3-fold increase in gill Na+K+-ATPase activity.

Zydlewski, J.; McCormick, S.D.

1997-01-01

417

Probiotic Feeding Experiments with Juvenile Channel Catfish and Nile Tilapia  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Probiotic microbial feed supplements are gaining wide acceptance in livestock production, and may be applicable to aquaculture production systems. We have conducted a series of experiments using commercial probiotics added to diets of juvenile channel catfish, Ictalurus punctatus (Rafinesque), and...

418

Insect juvenile hormone: activity of selected terpenoid compounds.  

PubMed

A nuimber of compounds with terpenoid skeletons attached to various functional groups were prepared and tested for their effects as a juvenile hormone in the yellow mealworm Tenebrio molitor. Several of these compounds showed high activity. PMID:17754138

Schwarz, M; Sonnet, P E; Wakabayashi, N

1970-01-01

419

Serving Youth Who Are Serving Time: A Study of the Special Education Services for Incarcerated Youth in a Short-Term Care Facility  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the communication between sending court and community schools of a County Office of Education's (COE) Alternative Education program and the receiving juvenile detention facility of a county in a Western state and how the communication between the two facilities affected the level of special education services provided to…

Hoshide, Sachiko

2013-01-01

420

Movements of juvenile Bonelli's Eagles Aquila fasciata during dispersal  

Microsoft Academic Search

Capsule Juvenile non?breeding males and females explored surrounding areas, returned to breeding areas, and settled in temporary settlement areas.Aims To describe movement patterns of juvenile Bonelli's Eagles during the transient phase of dispersal.Methods Radiotelemetry data from 16 individuals were studied.Results Six main temporary settlement areas were located. No sex differences were found in the time to first departure from natal

Javier Balbontín; Miguel Ferrer

2009-01-01

421

Phasic Contractions in Urinary Bladder from Juvenile versus Adult Pigs  

PubMed Central

Aims Alterations in properties of the bladder with maturation are relevant physiologically and pathophysiologically. The aim of this study was to investigate alterations in bladder properties with maturation in juvenile vs. adult pig, focussing on differences between layers of the bladder wall (mucosa vs. detrusor) and the presence and functional contribution of interstitial cells (ICs). Methods Basal and cholinergic-induced phasic contractions (PCs) in mucosal and denuded-detrusor strips from juvenile and adult pigs were assessed. Expression of c-kit, a marker of ICs, was investigated in the mucosa and the detrusor layers of the pig bladder. The functional role of ICs in mediating PCs was examined using imatinib. Results Mucosal strips from juvenile and adult pig bladders demonstrated basal PCs whilst denuded-detrusor strips did not. PCs of mucosal strips from juvenile pigs were significantly greater than those from adult bladders. Immunoreactivity for c-kit was detected in mucosa and detrusor layers of pig bladder. Histological studies demonstrated a distinct layer of smooth muscle between the urothelium and bladder detrusor, termed the muscularis mucosa. Imatinib was only effective in inhibiting PCs in mucosal strips from juvenile pigs. Imatinib inhibited the carbachol-induced PCs of both juvenile and adult denuded-detrusor strips, although strips from juvenile bladders demonstrated a trend towards being more sensitive to this inhibition. Conclusions We confirm the presence of c-kit positive ICs in pig urinary bladder. The enhanced PCs of mucosal strips from juvenile animals could be due to altered properties of ICs or the muscularis mucosa in the bladders of these animals. PMID:23516515

Vahabi, Bahareh; Sellers, Donna J.; Bijos, Dominika A.; Drake, Marcus J.

2013-01-01

422

The Moral Judgment of Juvenile Delinquents: A Meta-Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

A meta-analysis of 50 studies was conducted to investigate whether juvenile delinquents use lower levels of moral judgment than their nondelinquent age-mates and, if so, what factors may influence or moderate the developmental delay. The results show a lower stage of moral judgment for juvenile delinquents (d=.76). Effect sizes were large for comparisons involving male offenders, late adolescents, delinquents with

Geert Jan Stams; Daniel Brugman; Maja Dekovi?; Lenny van Rosmalen; Peter van der Laan; John C. Gibbs

2006-01-01

423

A Juvenile Murine Heart Failure Model of Pressure Overload  

Microsoft Academic Search

Persistent pressure overload can cause cardiac hypertrophy and progressive heart failure (HF). The authors developed a pressure-overload\\u000a HF model of juvenile mice to study the cardiac response to pressure overload that may be applicable to clinical processes\\u000a in children. Severe thoracic aortic banding (sTAB) was performed using a 28-gauge needle for 40 juvenile (age, 3 weeks) and\\u000a 47 adult (age, 6 weeks)

Kristopher M. Cumbermack; Jun Cheng; Yibing Nong; William T. Mahle; Ronald W. Joyner; William L. Border; Mary B. Wagner; Derek A. Fyfe; Traci Leong; Yanggan Wang

2011-01-01

424

Juvenile spondylolysis: a comparative analysis of CT, SPECT and MRI  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveTo evaluate whether MRI correlates with CT and SPECT imaging for the diagnosis of juvenile spondylolysis, and to determine whether MRI can be used as an exclusive image modality.Design and patientsJuveniles and young adults with a history of extension low back pain were evaluated by MRI, CT and SPECT imaging. All images were reviewed blindly. Correlative analyses included CT vs

R. S. D. Campbell; A. J. Grainger; I. G. Hide; S. Papastefanou; C. G. Greenough

2005-01-01

425

Platyrrhine juvenile mortality in captivity and in the wild  

Microsoft Academic Search

I reviewed literature on juvenile mortality in the Platyrrhini in order to evaluate reproductive success in captive breeding.\\u000a Juvenile mortality includes abortion, premature mortality, stillbirth and death of the unweaned young. The highest losses\\u000a occur in the Callitrichidae (31% through 3 months of age; 86% through 6 months of age) and in Lagothrixspp. (around 50% through 1 month of age)

I. W. J. Debyser

1995-01-01

426

Internal Fixation of Juvenile Osteochondritis Dissecans Lesions of the Knee  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Operative techniques for the management of juvenile osteochondritis dissecans lesions of the knee include drilling, internal fixation, fragment removal, and chondral resurfacing.Purpose: To evaluate the functional and radiographic outcome of internal fixation of juvenile osteochondritis dissecans lesions of the knee.Study Design: Case series; Level of evidence, 4.Methods: The study design was a retrospective case series. Twenty-six knees in 24

Mininder S. Kocher; Joseph J. Czarnecki; Jason S. Andersen; Lyle J. Micheli

2007-01-01

427

Pelvic MRI findings of juvenile-onset ankylosing spondylitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is the most common clinical subgroup of sero-negative spondyloarthropathies. Radiographic and\\u000a clinical signs of bilateral inflammatory involvement of sacroiliac joints are the gold standard for the diagnosis of juvenile\\u000a AS. Although radiographic evidence of sacroiliitis is included in the definition, it is not mandatory for the diagnosis of\\u000a juvenile AS. The aim of this study is to

Mehmet Halit Yilmaz; Mustafa Ozbayrak; Ozgur Kasapcopur; Sebuh Kurugoglu; Kaya Kanberoglu

2010-01-01

428

[Unusual presentation of juvenile idiopathic arthritis and autoimmune hepatitis].  

PubMed

The coexistence of autoimmune hepatitis and juvenile idiopathic arthritis is very rare. This is the case of an 18 month old female patient whose first sign of disease was torticollis due to an underlying atlanto-axial subluxation. Three months later, bilateral knee arthritis developed and she was diagnosed with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis. Throughout the disease a persistent elevation of liver enzymes was noted, combined with positive antinuclear antibodies and hypergammaglobulinemia, reaching the diagnosis of concomitant autoimmune hepatitis. PMID:25066796

Moreno Prieto, M; Carbonero Celis, M J; Cuadrado Caballero, M C

2015-01-01

429

Attitudes of Louisiana practitioners toward rehabilitation of juvenile offenders  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study addresses attitudes of juvenile justice practitioners in Louisiana toward rehabilitation. A statewide survey was\\u000a mailed to 3,947 lawyers, judges, probation officers, social workers, and volunteer coordinators. Respondents were grouped\\u000a by legal training and casework training. Conclusions indicate Louisiana practitioners have not abandoned the concept of rehabilitation\\u000a for juvenile offenders. However, they do support punishment as a viable option

STACY C. MOAKtt; Lisa H. Wallace

2000-01-01

430

Use of the Psychological Screening Inventory with Residents of a State Correctional Institution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Administered the Psychological Screening Inventory to prisoners at reception centers within the Wisconsin Correctional Facilities to assess potential psychological maladjustment. Of 1,707 male prisoners evaluated at one correctional facility, 82 were transferred to mental hospitals during incarceration. Transferred inmates scored significantly…

Laurent, Daniel W.

1985-01-01

431

Psychopathology and offense types in detained male juveniles.  

PubMed

A substantial proportion of violent crime is committed by juveniles. In detained juveniles, high rates of psychopathology have been found. The objective of this study was to determine psychopathology associated with offense characteristics in detained male adolescents. The Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview was used to assess juvenile detainees. The final sample included 275 males (mean age=16.45, S.D.=1.27 years). Multivariate logistic regressions yielded significant associations between psychopathology and specific offense types: The presence of substance use disorders (without alcohol) (SUD) was found to predict drug-related crimes, and the presence of alcohol use disorders (AUD) without further SUD were a predictor of violent crime, especially in older juveniles. The absence of anxiety disorder, especially in younger juveniles, was found to be relevant for the prediction of robbery. The results of the study suggest that the use and abuse of legal and illegal substances might be a trigger for serious violent and drug-related crimes in juveniles. In particular, the presence of AUD is presumed to have a pivotal role in the development of impulsive aggression. These findings are important when considering the serious social impact of violent behaviors in adolescents. PMID:22445705

Plattner, Belinda; Giger, Joël; Bachmann, Friedel; Brühwiler, Karl; Steiner, Hans; Steinhausen, Hans-Christoph; Bessler, Cornelia; Aebi, Marcel

2012-07-30

432

The relation between abuse and violent delinquency: The conversion of shame to blame in juvenile offenders  

PubMed Central

Objective While the relationship between abusive parenting and violent delinquency has been well established, the cognitive and emotional processes by which this occurs remains relatively unidentified. The objective of this work is to apply a conceptual model linking abusive parenting to the conversion of shame into blaming others and therefore to violent delinquency. Methods A retrospective study of 112 adolescents (90 male; 22 female; ages 12 to 19 years; M = 15.6; SD = 1.4) who were incarcerated in a juvenile detention facility pending criminal charges, completed measures of exposure to abusive and nonabusive discipline, expressed and converted shame, and violent delinquency. Results Findings tend to confirm the conceptual model. Subjects who converted shame (i.e., low expressed shame, high blaming others) tended to have more exposure to abusive parenting and showed more violent delinquent behavior than their peers who showed expressed shame. Subjects who showed expressed shame (i.e., high expressed shame, low blaming others) showed less violent delinquency than those who showed converted shame. Conclusions Abusive parenting impacts delinquency directly and indirectly through the effects of shame that is converted. Abusive parenting leads to the conversion of shame to blaming others, which in turn leads to violent delinquent behavior. Practice implications For juvenile offenders, the conversion of shame into blaming others appears to contribute to pathological outcomes in relation to trauma. Translation of this work into clinical practice is recommended. PMID:21783253

Gold, Jason; Sullivan, Margaret Wolan; Lewis, Michael

2013-01-01

433

Pro-bullying attitudes among incarcerated juvenile delinquents: antisocial behavior, psychopathic tendencies and violent crime.  

PubMed

The objective was to evaluate a new scale aimed at assessing antisocial attitudes, the Pro-bullying Attitude Scale (PAS), on a group of 259 voluntarily-recruited male juvenile delinquents from a juvenile correctional institution in Arkhangelsk, North-western Russia. Exploratory factor analysis gave a two-factor solution: Factor 1 denoted Callous/Dominance and Factor 2 denoted Manipulativeness/Impulsiveness. Subjects with complete data on PAS and Childhood Psychopathy Scale (CPS) (n=171) were divided into extreme groups (first and fourth quartiles) according to their total scores on PAS and the two factor scores, respectively. The extreme groups of total PAS and PAS Factor 1 differed in CPS ratings and in violent behavior as assessed by the Antisocial Behavior Checklist (ABC). They also differed in the personality dimension Harm Avoidance as measured by use of the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), and in delinquent and aggressive behavior as assessed by the Youth Self Report (YSR). The extreme groups of PAS Factor 2, in turn, differed in aggressive behavior as assessed by the YSR, and in the TCI scale Self-Directedness. When PAS was used as a continuous variable, total PAS and PAS Factor 1 (Callous/Dominance) were significantly positively related to registered violent crime. The possible usefulness of PAS in identifying high-risk individuals for bullying tendencies among incarcerated delinquents is discussed. PMID:24468507

Wiklund, Gunnar; Ruchkin, Vladislav V; Koposov, Roman A; Af Klinteberg, Britt

2014-01-01

434

Flunitrazepam (Rohypnol) abuse in combination with alcohol causes premeditated, grievous violence in male juvenile offenders.  

PubMed

This study focuses on 19 juvenile offenders who were frequently intoxicated by flunitrazepam (FZ), almost exclusively under the brand name Rohypnol. Street names for Rohypnol tablets are Rophies, Ropies, Roofies, Ropes, Roches, Rochas, Rochas Dos, Rophs, Ropers, Ribs, R-25, Roach-2s, Trip and Fall, Remember All, Mind Erasers, Forget Pills, and the Date Rape Drug. An overdose of FZ gives an increased feeling of power and self-esteem, reduces fear and insecurity, and provides the belief that everything is possible. FZ is also associated with loss of episodic memory and with impulsive violence, particularly when combined with alcohol. The subjects were taken from a subpopulation of 47 male juvenile offenders from Swedish national correctional institutions. Background information for subjects was obtained by in-depth interviewing and personality inventories including the Zuckerman Sensation-Seeking Scales, the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire, and the Karolinska Scales of Personality. Data concerning previous criminal offenses was obtained from the Swedish National Police Board. Almost all of the FZ abusers had been previously sentenced for serious violent offenses. Our data suggest that FZ abused by psychiatrically vulnerable subjects (i.e., with high scores on boredom susceptibility and verbal aggression) poses a serious hazard both to the abusers as well as the community. Our results support the finding that FZ should be classified as a Schedule I drug (i.e., a drug similar to heavy narcotics). PMID:10212029

Dåderman, A M; Lidberg, L

1999-01-01

435

Opinions of Female Juvenile Delinquents about Their Interactions in Chat Rooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to survey the opinions of 62 adolescent females residing in a correctional facility about their use of the Internet to participate in chat room conversations. Findings indicated that 54 of 62 girls (87.09%), with a mean age of 16.72 years, participated in chat room interactions. Most (n = 47) interacted in chat rooms…

Sanger, Dixie; Long, Amie; Ritzman, Mitzi; Stofer, Keri; Davis, Candy

2004-01-01

436

Keeping the Balance Between Humanism and Penal Punitivism: Recent Trends in Juvenile Delinquency and Juvenile Justice in Sweden  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Geographically Sweden is one of the margin members of the European Union. Sweden is also rather sparsely populated with a\\u000a total population of 9 millions. During the last decades every cohort of children\\/juveniles consist of approximately 100,000.\\u000a Since the age of legal responsibility in Sweden is 15 years and special legislation still applies for juveniles until they\\u000a reach 21 years,

Jerzy Sarnecki; Felipe Estrada

437

Parvovirus enteritis in vaccinated juvenile bush dogs.  

PubMed

Parvovirus enteritis developed in 10 of 17 vaccinated juvenile bush dogs (Speothos venaticus) from 4 litters in a 5-month period. Nine dogs died. The first outbreak involved 6 of 9 bush dogs from 2 litters. Each had been vaccinated with a killed feline-origin parvovirus vaccine at 11 and 14 weeks of age. The 6 affected dogs became ill at 29 weeks of age and died. The second outbreak involved a litter of 6 bush dogs. Each had been vaccinated every 2 weeks starting at 5 weeks of age. Two were isolated from the colony at 16 weeks of age for treatment of foot sores. Three of the 4 nonisolated dogs developed parvovirus enteritis at 20 weeks of age; 2 died at 6 and 8 days, respectively, after onset of signs. The 3rd outbreak involved a litter of 2 bush dogs. Both had been vaccinated every 2 to 3 weeks, starting at 6 weeks of age. One of these dogs became ill at 17 weeks and died 13 days later. A litter of 6 maned wolves (Chrysocyon brachyurus) and a litter of 3 bush dogs were isolated from their parent colonies at 13 and 15 weeks of age, respectively. Each animal had been vaccinated weekly, beginning at 8 weeks of age, using an inactivated canine-origin parvovirus vaccine. None of the isolated animals developed the disease. Serologic testing during isolation did not reveal protective titers (greater than or equal to 1:80) against canine parvovirus in the bush dogs until they were 23 weeks old, whereas protective titers developed in the maned wolves when they were 14 to 18 weeks old. One hand-raised bush dog was vaccinated weekly, beginning at 8 weeks of age, and a protective titer developed by 21 weeks of age. It was concluded that the juvenile bush dogs went through a period during which maternal antibodies interfered with immunization, yet did not protect against the disease. When the pups were isolated from the colony during this period, then vaccinated repeatedly until protective titers developed, the disease was prevented. PMID:6890953

Janssen, D L; Bartz, C R; Bush, M; Marchwicki, R H; Grate, S J; Montali, R J

1982-12-01

438

A strong magnetic pulse affects the precision of departure direction of naturally migrating adult but not juvenile birds  

PubMed Central

The mechanisms by which migratory birds achieve their often spectacular navigational performance are still largely unclear, but perception of cues from the Earth's magnetic field is thought to play a role. Birds that possess migratory experience can use map-based navigation, which may involve a receptor that uses ferrimagnetic material for detecting gradients in the magnetic field. Such a mechanism can be experimentally disrupted by applying a strong magnetic pulse that re-magnetizes ferrimagnetic materials. In captivity, this treatment indeed affected bearings of adult but not of naive juvenile birds. However, field studies, which expose birds to various navigational cues, yielded mixed results. Supportive studies were difficult to interpret because they were conducted in spring when all age groups navigate back to breeding areas. The present study, therefore, applied a magnetic pulse treatment in autumn to naturally migrating, radio-tagged European robins. We found that, although overall bearings were seasonally correct, orientation of adult but not juvenile robins was compromised by a pulse. Pulsed adults that departed within 10 days of treatment failed to show significant orientation and deviated more from mean migration direction than adult controls and juveniles. Thus, our data give field-based support for a possible ferrimagnetic map-sense during bird migration. PMID:23389901

Holland, Richard A.; Helm, Barbara

2013-01-01

439

National Institute of Corrections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Institute of Corrections hosts a wealth of information for anyone in criminal corrections, by "providing federal, state, and local corrections agencies with training, technical assistance, information services, and policy/program development assistance." Their left-hand navigation menu makes it easy to find your way through their site. The Training Services & Resources link allows users to find opportunities for learning, whether one is interested in classroom-based learning, or non-traditional studies via the Internet or other avenues. The Research Center hosts site-developed resources as well as links to other websites relevant to corrections.

2006-11-13

440

On prismatic corrections  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the prismatic corrections there are described the differences between the nominal and interior prisms, or tilts of the eye to fix straightforward (Augenausgleichbewegung). In the astigmatic corrections, if the prism doesn't lie in the principal sections of the cylinder, the directions of both events are different. In the corrections of the horizontal strabismus there appears the vertical component of the interior prism. The approximated formulae describing these phenomena are presented. The suitable setting can correct the quality of the vision in the important for the patient direction.

Bartkowski, Zygmunt; Bartkowska, Janina

2006-02-01

441

Managing juvenile Huntington’s disease  

PubMed Central

SUMMARY Huntington’s disease (HD) is a well-recognized progressive neurodegenerative disorder that follows an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance. Onset is insidious and can occur at almost any age, but most commonly the diagnosis is made between the ages of 35 and 55 years. Onset ?20 years of age is classified as juvenile HD (JHD). This age-based definition is arbitrary but remains convenient. There is overlap between the clinical pathological and genetic features seen in JHD and more traditional adult-onset HD. Nonetheless, the frequent predominance of bradykinesia and dystonia early in the course of the illness, more frequent occurrence of epilepsy and myoclonus, more widespread pathology, and larger genetic lesion means that the distinction is still relevant. In addition, the relative rarity of JHD means that the clinician managing the patient is often doing so for the first time. Management is, at best, symptomatic and supportive with few or no evidence-based guidelines. In this article, the authors will review what is known of the condition and present some suggestions based on their experience. PMID:24416077

Quarrell, Oliver W. J.; Nance, Martha A.; Nopoulos, Peggy; Paulsen, Jane S.; Smith, Jonathan A.; Squitieri, Ferdinando

2013-01-01

442

[Optic neuritis in juvenile idiopathic arthritis patient].  

PubMed

Optic neuritis (ON) was rarely reported in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) patients, particularly in those under anti-tumor necrosis factor alpha blockage. However, to our knowledge, the prevalence of ON in JIA population has not been studied. Therefore, 5,793 patients were followed up at our University Hospital and 630 (11%) had JIA. One patient (0.15%) had ON and was reported herein. A 6-year-old male was diagnosed with extended oligoarticular JIA, and received naproxen and methotrexate subsequently replaced by leflunomide. At 11 years old, he was diagnosed with aseptic meningitis, followed by a partial motor seizure with secondary generalization. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and electroencephalogram showed diffuse disorganization of the brain electric activity and leflunomide was suspended. Seven days later, the patient presented acute ocular pain, loss of acuity for color, blurred vision, photophobia, redness and short progressive visual loss in the right eye. A fundoscopic exam detected unilateral papilledema without retinal exudates. Orbital MRI suggested right ON. The anti-aquaporin 4 (anti-AQP4) antibody was negative. Pulse therapy with methylprednisolone was administered for five days, and subsequently with prednisone, he had clinical and laboratory improvement. In conclusion, a low prevalence of ON was observed in our JIA population. The absence of anti-AQP4 antibody and the normal brain MRI do not exclude the possibility of demyelinating disease associated with chronic arthritis. Therefore, rigorous follow up is required. PMID:25438805

Lourenço, Daniela M R; Buscatti, Izabel M; Lourenço, Benito; Monti, Fernanda C; Paz, José Albino; Silva, Clovis A

2014-01-01

443

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis: management and therapeutic options  

PubMed Central

The goals of treatment for juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) include: suppression of inflammation, achievement of remission, relief of pain, maintenance of function and doing so with minimal toxicity. Important discoveries over the past 10–15 years have led to more targeted treatments for children with JIA. The International League of Associations for Rheumatology (ILAR) classification system for childhood arthritides, better assessment tools for clinical response, improved definitions of remission, new imaging techniques and evidence in gene expression profiling have all contributed to the development of more targeted treatments. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents still have a role in mild disease and intra-articular steroid injections continue to be used most commonly in patients with oligoarticular JIA. Disease-modifying agents such as methotrexate have demonstrated efficacy and safety; however, in many patients, the disease remains active despite this treatment. These children now receive more targeted treatment including the tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF?) inhibitors, interleukin-1 blockade, interleukin-6 blockade, selective costimulation modulators and selective B-cell blockade. The biologic targeted therapies have changed the strategy in which we treat our children with JIA; however, there remains much to be learned about the long-term effects and safety of these medicines. PMID:22870498

Ruth, Natasha M.

2012-01-01

444

Juvenile autoimmune hepatitis: Spectrum of the disease  

PubMed Central

Juvenile autoimmune hepatitis (JAIH) is a progressive inflammatory liver disease, affecting mainly young girls, from infancy to late adolescence, characterized by active liver damage, as shown by high serum activity of aminotransferases, by elevated immunoglobulin G levels, high titers of serum non organ-specific and organ-specific autoantibodies, and by interface hepatitis on liver biopsy. It is a multifactorial disease of unknown etiology in which environmental factors act as a trigger in genetically predisposed individuals. Two types of JAIH are identified according to the autoantibody panel detected at diagnosis: AIH-1, characterized by the presence of anti-smooth muscle antibody and/or antinuclear antibody and AIH-2, by anti-liver-kidney microsomal antibody type 1 and/or by the presence of anti-liver cytosol type 1 antibody. Epidemiological distribution, genetic markers, clinical presentation and pattern of serum cytokines differentiate the two types of AIH suggesting possible pathogenetic mechanisms. The most effective therapy for AIH is pharmacological suppression of the immune response. Treatment should be started as soon as the diagnosis is made to avoid severe liver damage and progression of fibrosis. The aim of this review is to outline the most significant and peculiar features of JAIH, based largely on our own personal database and on a review of current literature. PMID:25067998

Maggiore, Giuseppe; Nastasio, Silvia; Sciveres, Marco

2014-01-01

445

Comparative genomics of insect juvenile hormone biosynthesis?  

PubMed Central

The biosynthesis of insect juvenile hormone (JH) and its neuroendocrine control are attractive targets for chemical control of insect pests and vectors of disease. To facilitate the molecular study of JH biosynthesis, we analyzed ESTs from the glands producing JH, the corpora allata (CA) in the cockroach Diploptera punctata, an insect long used as a physiological model species and compared them with ESTs from the CA of the mosquitoes Aedes aegypti and Anopheles albimanus. The predicted genes were analyzed according to their probable functions with the Gene Ontology classification, and compared to Drosophila and Anopheles gambiae genes. A large number of reciprocal matches in the cDNA libraries of cockroach and mosquito CA were found. These matches defined known and suspected enzymes of the JH biosynthetic pathway, but also several proteins associated with signal transduction that might play a role in the modulation of JH synthesis by neuropeptides. The identification in both cockroach and mosquito CA of homologs of the small ligand binding proteins from insects, Takeout/JH binding protein and retinol-binding protein highlights a hitherto unsuspected complexity of metabolite trafficking, perhaps JH precursor trafficking, in these endocrine glands. Furthermore, many reciprocal matches for genes of unknown function may provide a fertile ground for an in-depth study of allatal-specific cell physiology. PMID:16551550

Noriega, F.G.; Ribeiro, J.M.C.; Koener, J.F.; Valenzuela, J.G.; Hernandez-Martinez, S.; Pham, V.M.; Feyereisen, R.

2009-01-01

446

How I treat juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia.  

PubMed

Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML) is a unique, aggressive hematopoietic disorder of infancy/early childhood caused by excessive proliferation of cells of monocytic and granulocytic lineages. Approximately 90% of patients carry either somatic or germline mutations of PTPN-11, K-RAS, N-RAS, CBL, or NF1 in their leukemic cells. These genetic aberrations are largely mutually exclusive and activate the Ras/mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway. Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) remains the therapy of choice for most patients with JMML, curing more than 50% of affected children. We recommend that this option be promptly offered to any child with PTPN-11-, K-RAS-, or NF1-mutated JMML and to the majority of those with N-RAS mutations. Because children with CBL mutations and few of those with N-RAS mutations may have spontaneous resolution of hematologic abnormalities, the decision to proceed to transplantation in these patients must be weighed carefully. Disease recurrence remains the main cause of treatment failure after HSCT. A second allograft is recommended if overt JMML relapse occurs after transplantation. Recently, azacytidine, a hypomethylating agent, was reported to induce hematologic/molecular remissions in some children with JMML, and its role in both reducing leukemia burden before HSCT and in nontransplant settings requires further studies. PMID:25564399

Locatelli, Franco; Niemeyer, Charlotte M

2015-02-12

447

Academic potential among African American adolescents in juvenile detention centers: Implications for reentry to school  

PubMed Central

The study explores Black adolescent detainees academic potential and motivation to return to school to inform best practices and policies for juvenile reentry to educational settings. Adolescent detainees (N = 1,576) who were recruited from one male and one female youth detention facility, responded to surveys that assessed post-detention educational plans, as well as social and emotional characteristics, and criminal history. Multivariate analysis techniques were used to compare factors across race and gender, and plot linear relationships between key indicators of academic potential with associate factors. Findings revealed that youth were more likely to evince academic potential when they had a healthy level of self-esteem, adequate future goal orientation, positive mood, family and community involvement, fewer traumatic events, and less delinquent activity. PMID:21654936

Toldson, Ivory A.; Woodson, Kamilah M.; Braithwaite, Ronald; Holliday, Rhonda C.

2010-01-01

448

[Juvenile proximal femoral epiphysiolysis--review of the problems and results of surgical therapy].  

PubMed

The authors describe the aetiology and different types of a serious affection of the hip joint which occurs during adolescence--juvenile proximal femoral epiphysiolysis. They describe surgical methods used in non-dislocated and dislocated conditions of this affection of the adolescent hip joint. In the course of ten years at the Orthopaedic Clinic of the Institute of Postgraduate Medical Training a total of 88 epiphysiodeses and stabilizations of the proximal femoral epiphysis were performed, 32 osteotomies at the level of the trochanter minor according to Southwick's method, two osteotomies by Imhäuser-Weber's method and in 42 patients the epiphysiolysis was treated by subcapital osteotomy by Dunn's method. The authors emphasize accurate and early diagnosis of the disease and selection of correct surgical tactics. Adjustment of the anatomical conditions in the hip joint with restoration of articular congruence creates perspectives of its optimal function. PMID:8128811

Karpísek, M; Dungl, P; Kiliján, J

1993-01-01

449

Prescribing in prison: minimizing psychotropic drug diversion in correctional practice.  

PubMed

Correctional facilities are a major provider of mental health care throughout the United States. In spite of the numerous benefits of providing care in this setting, clinicians are sometimes concerned about entering into correctional care because of uncertainty in prescribing practices. This article provides an introduction to prescription drug use, abuse, and diversion in the correctional setting, including systems issues in prescribing, commonly abused prescription medications, motivation for and detection of prescription drug abuse, and the use of laboratory monitoring. By understanding the personal and systemic factors that affect prescribing habits, the clinician can develop a more rewarding correctional practice and improve care for inmates with mental illness. PMID:24532812

Pilkinton, Patricia D; Pilkinton, James C

2014-04-01

450

Inmates with Developmental Disabilities in New York State Correctional Facilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report responds to a New York State Legislature request to provide a reliable estimate of the number of persons with developmental disabilities in the state prison system, while evaluating current practices for identifying such inmates and meeting their needs. Major findings included the following: (1) contrary to many estimates, the study…

New York State Commission on Quality of Care for the Mentally Disabled, Albany.

451

Corrective Action Decision Document\\/ Closure Report for Corrective Action Unit 556: Dry Wells and Surface Release Points, Nevada Test Site, Nevada with Errata Sheet, Revision 0  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Corrective Action Decision Document (CADD)\\/Closure Report (CR) has been prepared for Corrective Action Unit 556, Dry Wells and Surface Release Points, located at the Nevada Test Site, Nevada, in accordance with the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO, 1996; as amended February 2008). Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 556 is comprised of four corrective action sites (CASs):;\\u000a 06-20-04, National

Grant Evenson

2008-01-01

452

Temperature Correction Schemes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The pro and contra for using temperature correction are discussed on the basis of our linearization scheme and our implementation of an Unsöld-Lucy temperature correction. I will show the improvements which partly overcome the typical weakness of the UL-scheme as well as our generalization to non-LTE.

Dreizler, S.

2003-01-01

453

Criminal History and Future Offending of Juveniles Convicted of the Possession of Child Pornography.  

PubMed

Most child pornography is distributed online. It is estimated that 3% to 15% of child pornography consumers are juveniles. The present study analyzed a consecutive sample of 54 male juveniles convicted of the possession of child pornography. Demographic characteristics, criminal history, and subsequent offending were assessed from criminal files and official reports. Juvenile possessors of child pornography were compared to three different groups of juveniles: Juvenile possessors of other illegal pornography (n = 42), juveniles who committed a sexual contact offense against a child (n = 64), and juveniles who committed a sexual contact offense against a peer or adult (n = 104). Juvenile possessors of child pornography were found to have downloaded the illegal material more frequently and over a longer time period than juvenile possessors of other illegal pornography. Furthermore, juvenile possessors of child pornography differed from juveniles who had committed a sexual contact offense in terms of demographics and showed fewer previous and subsequent offending than juveniles who sexually offended against a peer or adult. We conclude that juvenile possessors of child pornography need a specific target intervention focusing on dysfunctional Internet use and sexually deviant arousal. PMID:23813492

Aebi, Marcel; Plattner, Belinda; Ernest, Melanie; Kaszynski, Katie; Bessler, Cornelia

2013-06-28

454

Development changes in juvenile hormone and juvenile hormone acid titers in the hemolymph and in-vitro juvenile hormone synthesis by corpora allata of the silkworm, Bombyx mori  

Microsoft Academic Search

A simple method was developed to quantify hemolymph juvenile hormone (JH) and JH acid in hemolymph extracts from Bombyx mori with an established radioimmunoassay (RIA) for JH I. When various organic solvent extracts of hemolymph were assayed by RIA, levels of non-specific binding of the labeled ligand in the assay were determined to be greater than 50% of the maximum

Shinya Niimi; Sho Sakurai

1997-01-01

455

Housekeeping category corrective action unit work plan  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this Corrective Action Unit (CAU) Work Plan is to provide a strategy to be used by the US Department of Energy Nevada Operations Office (DOE/NV), the US Department of Defense (DoD) Defense Special Weapons Agency (DSWA) (formerly the Defense Nuclear Agency), and contractor personnel for conducting corrective actions at the Nevada Test Site (NTS) and Nevada off-site locations including the Tonopah Test Range (TTR), the Project Shoal Area, and the Central Nevada Test Area. This Work Plan applies to housekeeping category CAUs already listed in the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO) Appendices (FFACO, 1996) as well as newly identified Corrective Action Sites (CASs) that will follow the housekeeping process.

NONE

1996-08-01

456

Corrective Action Decision Document/Closure Report for Corrective Action Unit 370: T-4 Atmospheric Test Site, Nevada Test Site, Nevada, Revision 0  

SciTech Connect

This Corrective Action Decision Document/Closure Report has been prepared for Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 370, T-4 Atmospheric Test Site, located in Area 4 at the Nevada Test Site, Nevada, in accordance with the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO). Corrective Action Unit 370 is comprised of Corrective Action Site (CAS) 04-23-01, Atmospheric Test Site T-4. The purpose of this Corrective Action Decision Document/Closure Report is to provide justification and documentation supporting the recommendation that no further corrective action is needed for CAU 370 due to the implementation of the corrective action of closure in place with administrative controls. To achieve this, corrective action investigation (CAI) activities were performed from June 25, 2008, through April 2, 2009, as set forth in the Corrective Action Investigation Plan for Corrective Action Unit 370: T-4 Atmospheric Test Site and Record of Technical Change No. 1.

Patrick Matthews

2009-05-01

457

The neural correlates of emotion processing in juvenile offenders.  

PubMed

Individuals with severe antisocial behaviour often demonstrate abnormalities or difficulties in emotion processing. Antisocial behaviour typically onsets before adulthood and is reflected in antisocial individuals at the biological level. We therefore conducted a brain-based study of emotion processing in juvenile offenders. Male adolescent offenders and age-matched non-offenders passively viewed emotional images whilst their brain activity was recorded using electroencephalography. The early posterior negativity (EPN) and the late positive potential (LPP) components were used as indices of emotion processing. For both juvenile offenders and non-offenders, the EPN differentiated unpleasant images from other image types, suggesting that early perceptual processing was not impaired in the offender group. In line with normal emotion processing, the LPP was significantly enhanced following unpleasant images for non-offenders. However, for juvenile offenders, the LPP did not differ across image categories, indicative of deficient emotional processing. The findings indicated that this brain-based hypo-reactivity occurred during a late stage of cognitive processing and was not a consequence of atypical early visual attention or perception. This study is the first to show attenuated emotion processing in juvenile offenders at the neural level. Overall, these results have the potential to inform interventions for juvenile offending. PMID:25440113

Pincham, Hannah L; Bryce, Donna; Pasco Fearon, R M

2014-11-29

458

Common raven juvenile survival in a human-augmented landscape  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Anthropogenic resource subsidies have contributed to the dramatic increase in the abundance of Common Ravens (Corvus corax) in the western Mojave Desert, California, during the past 30 years. To better understand the effects of these subsidies on raven demography, we examined whether survival to juvenile departure from the natal territory could be predicted by a set of environmental and morphological variables, such as nest proximity to anthropogenic resources and juvenile condition. We captured 240 juvenile ravens over 2 years and marked them prior to fledging. Nest proximity to anthropogenic resources and earlier fledging dates significantly predicted raven juvenile survival to departure from the natal territory. The best-fitting mark-recapture models predicted postdeparture survival as a function of time since fledging, nest proximity to anthropogenic resources, and year hatched. The positive effect of nest proximity to anthropogenic resources influenced postdeparture survival for at least 9 months after fledging, as revealed by the mark-recapture analysis. Annual survival was 47% for first-year, 81% for second-year, and 83% for third-year birds. Our results support the hypothesis that anthropogenic resources contribute to increasing raven numbers via increased juvenile survival to departure as well as increased postdeparture survival. We expect raven numbers to grow in concert with the growing human presence in the Mojave Desert unless raven access to anthropogenic resources is diminished.

Webb, W.C.; Boarman, W.I.; Rotenberry, J.T.

2004-01-01

459

Home range and movements of juvenile Puerto Rican parrots  

USGS Publications Warehouse

We studied home range and movements of 15 radio-marked, juvenile Puerto Rican parrots (Amazona vittata) fledging from wild nests during summer and fall, 1985-87. When juvenile parrots remained in the nest valley, home ranges during 1986 (.hivin.x = 32 .+-. 10 [SE] ha, n = 4) were larger (P = 0.0079) than during 1987 (.hivin.x = 13 .+-. 6 ha, n = 5). After radio-marked parrots integrated into adult flocks, home ranges during 1986 (.hivin.x = 1,075 .+-. 135 ha, n = 3) were similar (P = 0.10) to 1987 (.hivin.x = 416 .+-. 62 ha, n = 2). Juvenile parrots restricted their movements to nest valleys an average of 58 .+-. 29 days following fledging. After joining adult flocks, juvenile parrots routinely flew between the east and west slopes of the Luquillo Mountains but did not exhibit a seaonal pattern of movement. We recommend that captive-raised, juvenile parrots used in release programs be .gtoreq. 5 months old to ensure they are mature enough to integrate into wild flocks.

Lindsey, G.D.; Arendt, W.J.; Kalina, J.; Pendleton, G.W.

1991-01-01

460

Serum Neopterin Is Not Increased in Obese Juveniles  

PubMed Central

Objective. Cardiovascular disease is associated with inflammation and immune activation, concentrations of immune activation markers like neopterin predict outcome in adults. Methods. Serum neopterin concentrations and early metabolic and pre-atherosclerotic symptoms were analyzed in 295 obese juveniles and 101 normal weight controls of similar age. Additionally, the influence of a 12 months weight reduction program on neopterin levels was investigated in 31 obese juveniles. Results. Intima-media thickness of common carotid arteries (IMT) and the concentrations of C-reactive protein (CRP) were increased in the obese juveniles (P < .001). Also triglycerides, oxidized LDL, fasted insulin levels, HOMA-index, leptin, liver transaminases and uric acid were increased compared to the controls. However, serum neopterin was decreased in the obese versus non-obese juveniles (P < .03). The intervention consisting of regular sports, nutritional devices, and a psychologic attendance led after 12 months to an increase of neopterin concentration (P < .05; paired test). Conclusions. Neopterin concentrations in juvenile obesity behaved considerably different from what was demonstrated in adults, levels did not correlate with metabolic and pre-atherosclerotic symptoms found in early phases although early vascular burden and chronic low grade inflammation was indicated by increased IMT and CRP. Neopterin concentrations increased after a 12 months intervention program. PMID:21274279

Mangge, Harald; Freytag, Florian; Almer, Gunter; Weghuber, Daniel; Bauer-Denk, Carmen; Fuchs, Dietmar

2011-01-01

461

Spatial movements and social networks in juvenile male song sparrows  

PubMed Central

The time between fledging and breeding is a critical period in songbird ontogeny, but the behavior of young songbirds in the wild is relatively unstudied. The types of social relationships juveniles form with other individuals can provide insight into the process through which they learn complex behaviors crucial for survival, territory establishment, and mate attraction. We used radio telemetry to observe social associations of young male song sparrows (Melospiza melodia) from May to November. Juvenile song sparrows were frequently observed in social flocks and generally associated with more birds in the summer than in the autumn months. Most juvenile subjects formed stable social relationships with other birds and were seen with the same individual on up to 60% of the days observed. The strongest associations occurred with other juvenile males, and these individuals were often seen <1 m from the subject, even when the subject moved large distances between tracking observations. Associations also had long-term behavioral consequences as subjects were more likely to establish territories near their associates and learn shared song types. Our results indicate that male song sparrows spend a large percentage of the juvenile life stage forming social relationships and suggest that these associations may be important for the ecology of young birds and the ontogeny of their behaviors. PMID:22479140

Reed, Veronica A.; Campbell, S. Elizabeth; Beecher, Michael D.

2012-01-01

462

Vitellogenin, juvenile hormone, insulin signaling, and queen honey bee longevity Kimberly A. Hughes, and Gene E. Robinson  

E-print Network

Vitellogenin, juvenile hormone, insulin signaling, and queen honey bee longevity Kimberly A. Hughes reprints, see: Notes: #12;Vitellogenin, juvenile hormone, insulin signaling, and queen honey bee longevity

Hughes, Kim

463

Corrective Action Plan for Corrective Action Unit 143: Area 25 Contaminated Waste Dumps, Nevada Test Site, Nevada  

SciTech Connect

This Corrective Action Plan (CAP) has been prepared for Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 143: Area 25 Contaminated Waste Dumps, Nevada Test Site, Nevada, in accordance with the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order of 1996. This CAP provides the methodology for implementing the approved corrective action alternative as listed in the Corrective Action Decision Document (U.S. Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office, 2000). The CAU includes two Corrective Action Sites (CASs): 25-23-09, Contaminated Waste Dump Number 1; and 25-23-03, Contaminated Waste Dump Number 2. Investigation of CAU 143 was conducted in 1999. Analytes detected during the corrective action investigation were evaluated against preliminary action levels to determine constituents of concern for CAU 143. Radionuclide concentrations in disposal pit soil samples associated with the Reactor Maintenance, Assembly, and Disassembly Facility West Trenches, the Reactor Maintenance, Assembly, and Disassembly Facility East Trestle Pit, and the Engine Maintenance, Assembly, and Disassembly Facility Trench are greater than normal background concentrations. These constituents are identified as constituents of concern for their respective CASs. Closure-in-place with administrative controls involves use restrictions to minimize access and prevent unauthorized intrusive activities, earthwork to fill depressions to original grade, placing additional clean cover material over the previously filled portion of some of the trenches, and placing secondary or diversion berm around pertinent areas to divert storm water run-on potential.

D. L. Gustafason

2001-02-01

464

Segregation analysis of juvenile myoclonic epilepsy  

SciTech Connect

Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) is a non-progressive epilepsy characterized by involuntary jerks and an adolescent age of onset. There conflicting reports regarding the mode of inheritance of JME - polygenic, autosomal recessive, and two-locus models have all been proposed. We performed a segregation analysis of 53 nuclear families of JME probands using the Elston and Stewart algorithm (S.A.G.E version 2.1). Relatives of the proband were classified as affected if they had a confirmed history of JME, absence or grand mal epilepsy, or if they were clinically asymptomatic but had 3.5-6 Hz multispike wave complexes on electroencephalography. Using these criteria, 40 relatives were affected in addition to the 53 probands. All Mendelian models were rejected when compared to the unrestricted model which estimated transmission probabilities. The environmental models were also rejected. Of the Mendelian modes, the most parsimonious model was the autosomal recessive model with 53% penetrance and a rate of sporadic cases of 0.0039. We conclude that although there is evidence for a genetic component contributing to the familiality of JME, this component can not be explained by a single major gene. These results, along with contradictory reports regarding the linkage of JME to the short arm of chromosome 6, suggest the presence of genetic heterogeneity and/or a more complex mode of inheritance, such as a two-locus model. Since lod score linkage analyses are dependent on the assumption of a single major gene mode, these findings emphasize the necessity of performing non-parametric linkage analyses when studying JME.

Weissbecker, K.A. [Louisiana State Univ., Medical Center, New Orleans, LA (United States); Delgado-Escueta, A.V.; Medina, M.T. [California Comprehensive Epilepsy Program, Los Angeles, CA (United States)] [and others

1994-09-01

465

Breadboard Facility  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In the sixties, Chrysler was NASA's prime contractor for the Saturn I and IB test launch vehicles. The company installed and operated at Huntsville what was known as the Saturn I/IB Development Breadboard Facility. "Breadboard," means an array of electrical and electronic equipment for performing a variety of development and test functions. This work gave Chrysler a broad capability in computerized testing to assure quality control in development of solid-state electronic systems. Today that division is manufacturing many products not destined for NASA, most of them being associated with the company's automotive line. A major project is production and quality-control testing of the "lean-burn" engine, one that has a built-in Computer to control emission timing, and allow the engine to run on a leaner mixture of fuel and air. Other environment-related products include vehicle emission analyzers. The newest of the line is an accurate, portable solid state instrument for testing auto exhaust gases. The exhaust analyzers, now being produced for company dealers and for service

1977-01-01

466

28 CFR 19.5 - Report to the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Report to the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. 19.5 Section 19.5 ...CHILDREN § 19.5 Report to the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. DOJ will compile...

2013-07-01

467

28 CFR 19.5 - Report to the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 false Report to the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. 19.5 Section 19.5 ...CHILDREN § 19.5 Report to the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. DOJ will compile...

2014-07-01

468

28 CFR 19.5 - Report to the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Report to the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. 19.5 Section 19.5 ...CHILDREN § 19.5 Report to the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. DOJ will compile...

2012-07-01

469

15 CFR 23.5 - Report to the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 false Report to the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. 23.5 Section 23.5 ...CHILDREN § 23.5 Report to the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. The Department of...

2014-01-01

470

15 CFR 23.5 - Report to the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Report to the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. 23.5 Section 23.5 ...CHILDREN § 23.5 Report to the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. The Department of...

2012-01-01

471

15 CFR 23.5 - Report to the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Report to the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. 23.5 Section 23.5 ...CHILDREN § 23.5 Report to the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. The Department of...

2011-01-01

472

28 CFR 19.5 - Report to the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Report to the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. 19.5 Section 19.5 ...CHILDREN § 19.5 Report to the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. DOJ will compile...

2011-07-01

473

15 CFR 23.5 - Report to the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Report to the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. 23.5 Section 23.5 ...CHILDREN § 23.5 Report to the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. The Department of...

2013-01-01

474

15 CFR 23.5 - Report to the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Report to the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. 23.5 Section 23.5 ...CHILDREN § 23.5 Report to the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. The Department of...

2010-01-01

475

28 CFR 19.5 - Report to the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Report to the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. 19.5 Section 19.5 ...CHILDREN § 19.5 Report to the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. DOJ will compile...

2010-07-01

476

Juvenile Female Aggression in Cooperatively Breeding Pied Babblers: Causes and Contexts  

E-print Network

, juvenile spotted hyenas (Crocuta crocuta) compete with litter-mates for dominance, which determines adult in juvenile aggression may arise. For example, in spotted hyenas, adult social rank predicts female

Browning, Lucy

477

BLACK SPOT INFESTATION IN JUVENILE COHO SALMON AND THE INFLUENCE OF OREGON COASTAL STREAM SUMMER TEMPERATURES  

EPA Science Inventory

Freshwater survival and growth of juvenile salmon are affected by many factors, including high summer temperatures and other stressors such as parasitism. Delayed or suppressed growth related to stress can influence subsequent survival of juvenile salmonids in freshwater and mar...

478

Education and Juvenile Delinquency in the Soviet Union: A Look at the Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article reviews the literature for the last 20 years on juvenile delinquency and its treatment in the Soviet Union, and on their educational system as it relates to juvenile delinquency. (Author/DLS)

Barth, J. L.

1978-01-01

479

Wilson Bull., 115(4), 2003, pp. 423430 SURVIVAL AND MOVEMENT OF POSTFLEDGING JUVENILE  

E-print Network

to managers. I studied postfledging survival and movements of juvenile Harlequin Ducks (Histrionicus histrionicus) in the Strait of Georgia, British Columbia, using radio marking and capture). I investigated survival and movements of juvenile Harlequin Ducks (Histrionicus his- trionicus

480

Foraging behavior of juvenile steller sea lions in the Gulf of Alaska  

E-print Network

and ranging patterns of previously captive juveniles were consistent with data reported for freeranging juveniles. Development in mean dive depth and duration after release was likely due to increased foraging. "Focus in time spent at depth" was tested as a...

Schrader, Wendy Jane

2007-09-17

481

A cabled acoustic telemetry system for detecting and tracking juvenile salmon: part 2. Three-dimensional tracking and passage outcomes.  

PubMed

In Part 1 of this paper, we presented the engineering design and instrumentation of the Juvenile Salmon Acoustic Telemetry System (JSATS) cabled system, a nonproprietary sensing technology developed by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Portland District (Oregon, USA) to meet the needs for monitoring the survival of juvenile salmonids through the hydroelectric facilities within the Federal Columbia River Power System. Here in Part 2, we describe how the JSATS cabled system was employed as a reference sensor network for detecting and tracking juvenile salmon. Time-of-arrival data for valid detections on four hydrophones were used to solve for the three-dimensional (3D) position of fish surgically implanted with JSATS acoustic transmitters. Validation tests demonstrated high accuracy of 3D tracking up to 100 m upstream from the John Day Dam spillway. The along-dam component, used for assigning the route of fish passage, had the highest accuracy; the median errors ranged from 0.02 to 0.22 m, and root mean square errors ranged from 0.07 to 0.56 m at distances up to 100 m. For the 2008 case study at John Day Dam, the range for 3D tracking was more than 100 m upstream of the dam face where hydrophones were deployed, and detection and tracking probabilities of fish tagged with JSATS acoustic transmitters were higher than 98%. JSATS cabled systems have been successfully deployed on several major dams to acquire information for salmon protection and for development of more "fish-friendly" hydroelectric facilities. PMID:22163919

Deng, Z Daniel; Weiland, Mark A; Fu, Tao; Seim, Tom A; LaMarche, Brian L; Choi, Eric Y; Carlson, Thomas J; Eppard, M Brad

2011-01-01

482

Correlation Analysis between Central Corneal Thickness and Intraocular Pressure in Juveniles in Northern China: The Jinan City Eye Study  

PubMed Central

Purpose To determine the distributions and relation of central corneal thickness (CCT) and intraocular pressure (IOP) by NT-530P in Chinese juveniles, and the effect of gender, age, height, weight and refractive errors on the CTT and IOP. Methods CCT and IOP of 982 eyes in 514 juveniles aged from 7 to 18 years were measured with NT-530P. Multi-linear regression and ANOVA analysis were used to analyze the relation of CCT and IOP, and the effect of gender, age, height, weight, refractive condition on CCT and IOP respectively. Results The mean CCT and IOP were 554.19±35.46 µm and 15.31±2.57 mmHg. There were significant correlations between the CCT and IOP values. Linear regression analysis revealed a positive correlation between CCT and IOP (r?=?0.44, P<0.05). Linear regression equation: IOP?=??2.35+0.032CCT, which means the IOP will increase 0.32 mm Hg for every 10-µm increase in CCT. The mean of Corrected IOP (CIOP) was 15.32±2.38 mmHg and had no relation with CCT. There was a negative correlation between refraction degree and CCT (P<0.05), but no correlation between refraction degree and IOP. Multi-linear regression model revealed that the height, weight, age and gender have no effect on the distribution of CCT and IOP respectively. Conclusions There is a 0.32 mmHg increase in IOP for every 10-µm increase in CCT. The height, weight, age and gender has no effect on the distribution of CCT and IOP. CCT will become thinner with myopia diopters increases in juveniles. The measurement of CCT is helpful in evaluating the actual IOP correctly. PMID:25148520

Wei, Wen; Fan, Zhaoshan; Wang, Lihua; Li, Zhiwei; Jiao, Wanzhen; Li, Yun

2014-01-01

483

A New Mass Mortality of Juvenile Protoceratops and Size-Segregated Aggregation Behaviour in Juvenile Non-Avian Dinosaurs  

PubMed Central

Background Monodominant bonebeds are a relatively common occurrence for non-avian dinosaurs, and have been used to infer associative, and potentially genuinely social, behavior. Previously known assemblages are characterized as either mixed size-classes (juvenile and adult-sized specimens together) or single size-classes of individuals (only juveniles or only adult-sized individuals within the assemblage). In the latter case, it is generally unknown if these kinds of size-segregated aggregations characterize only a particular size stage or represent aggregations that happened at all size stages. Ceratopsians (“horned dinosaurs”) are known from both types of assemblages. Methods/Principal Findings Here we describe a new specimen of the ceratopsian dinosaur Protoceratops andrewsi, Granger and Gregory 1923 from Mongolia representing an aggregation of four mid-sized juvenile animals. In conjunction with existing specimens of groups of P. andrewsi that includes size-clustered aggregations of young juveniles and adult-sized specimens, this new material provides evidence for some degree of size-clustered aggregation behaviour in Protoceratops throughout ontogeny. This continuity of size-segregated (and presumably age-clustered) aggregation is previously undocumented in non-avian dinosaurs. Conclusions The juvenile group fills a key gap in the available information on aggregations in younger ceratopsians. Although we support the general hypothesis that many non-avian dinosaurs were gregarious and even social animals, we caution that evidence for sociality has been overstated and advocate a more conservative interpretation of some data of ‘sociality’ in dinosaurs. PMID:25426957

Hone, David W. E.; Farke, Andrew A.; Watabe, Mahito; Shigeru, Suzuki; Tsogtbaatar, Khishigjav

2014-01-01

484

Self-reported psychopathic traits in sexually offending juveniles compared with generally offending juveniles and general population youth.  

PubMed

The aim of the current study is to gain a better insight into the relationship between sexually aggressive behaviour and psychopathy in youths; juveniles who sexually offended (JSOs) were compared with generally offending youths and a general population group. Seventy-one JSOs, 416 detained general offenders, and 331 males from the general population were assessed by means of the Youth Psychopathic traits Inventory (YPI), a self-report instrument. Sexually and generally offending juveniles had significantly lower levels of self-reported psychopathic traits than youths from the general population. Juvenile sexual offenders and generally offending juveniles did not differ in self-reported psychopathic traits. Furthermore, no differences in self-reported psychopathic traits were found between subgroups of JSOs (i.e., child molesters, solo offenders, and group offenders). The finding that self-reported psychopathic traits are less prevalent in offending juveniles than in general population youths raises questions about the usefulness of the YPI when comparing psychopathic traits between clinical samples and general-population samples. PMID:24170186

Boonmann, Cyril; Jansen, Lucres M C; 't Hart-Kerkhoffs, Lisette A; Vahl, Pauline; Hillege, Sanne L; Doreleijers, Theo A H; Vermeiren, Robert R J M

2015-01-01

485

[Juvenile obesity with a focus on health promotion: integrative review].  

PubMed

This integrative review summarizes nursing researches that contribute to study juvenile obesity with a focus on health promotion. 20 articles were identified in a bibliographical survey that followed the criteria: date, language, and the descriptors: nursing, adolescent, obesity and health promotion. The Pediatric Nursing Journal published seven of these papers (35%). Indexed papers were published in the last ten years in Portuguese and English. Results showed the construction of scientific knowledge in nursing that developed health promotion strategies in cases of juvenile obesity, thus contributing to the development of the profession. Showing the cumulative risk that juvenile obesity presents of turning subjects into obese adults is a precious resource to plan nursing actions for this population, and for these actions to achieve effective results. PMID:21988003

Luna, Izaildo Tavares; Moreira, Rosa Aparecida Nogueira; da Silva, Kelanne Lima; Caetano, Joselany Afio; Pinheiro, Patrícia Neyva da Costa; Rebouças, Cristiana Brasil de Almeida

2011-06-01

486

Alcohol Use and HIV Risk among Juvenile Drug Court Offenders  

PubMed Central

Juvenile drug courts (JDC) largely focus on marijuana and other drug use interventions. Yet, JDC offenders engage in other high-risk behaviors, such as alcohol use and sexual risk behaviors, which can compromise their health, safety and drug court success. An examination of alcohol use and sexual risk behaviors among 52 male substance abusing young offenders found that over 50% were using alcohol, 37% reported current marijuana use and one-third of all sexual intercourse episodes were unprotected. After accounting for recent marijuana use, the odds of a juvenile having vaginal or anal sex was 6 times greater if they had recently used alcohol. Juvenile drug courts may benefit from delivering alcohol and sexual risk reduction interventions to fully address the needs of these young offenders. PMID:22997487

TOLOU-SHAMS, MARINA; HOUCK, CHRISTOPHER D.; NUGENT, NICOLE; CONRAD, SELBY M.; REYES, AYANARIS; BROWN, LARRY K.

2012-01-01

487

Juvenile polyarteritis nodosa associated with toxoplasmosis presenting as Kawasaki disease.  

PubMed

Polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) is a vasculitis characterized by inflammatory necrosis of medium-sized arteries. Juvenile PAN and Kawasaki disease (KD) both cause vasculitis of the medium-sized arteries, and share common features. They have overlapping clinical features. Treatment should be managed according to the severity of symptoms and persistence of clinical manifestations. Herein is described the case of a 14-year-old boy first diagnosed with KD, who then fulfilled the criteria for juvenile PAN due to the development of severe myalgia, persistent fever, polyneuropathy and coronary arterial dilatation. He also had acute toxoplasmosis at the onset of vasculitis symptoms. The final diagnosis was of juvenile PAN associated with toxoplasmosis infection. Toxoplasma infection can be considered as an etiological agent for PAN and other vasculitis syndromes. Awareness of toxoplasmosis-related PAN facilitates early diagnosis, and instigation of appropriate treatment. PMID:24730628

Ba?aran, Özge; Çakar, Nilgün; Gür, Gökçe; Kocaba?, Abdullah; Gülhan, Belgin; Çayc?, Fatma ?emsa; Çelikel, Banu Acar

2014-04-01

488

Evaluation of juvenile salmonid behavior near a prototype weir box at Cowlitz Falls Dam, Washington, 2013  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Collection of juvenile salmonids at Cowlitz Falls Dam is a critical part of the effort to restore salmon in the upper Cowlitz River because the majority of fish that are not collected at the dam pass downstream and enter a large reservoir where they become landlocked and lost to the anadromous fish population. However, the juvenile fish collection system at Cowlitz Falls Dam has failed to achieve annual collection goals since it first began operating in 1996. Since that time, numerous modifications to the fish collection system have been made and several prototype collection structures have been developed and tested, but these efforts have not substantially increased juvenile fish collection. Studies have shown that juvenile steelhead (Oncorhynchus mykiss), coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch), and Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) tend to locate the collection entrances effectively, but many of these fish are not collected and eventually pass the dam through turbines or spillways. Tacoma Power developed a prototype weir box in 2009 to increase capture rates of juvenile salmonids at the collection entrances, and this device proved to be successful at retaining those fish that entered the weir. However, because of safety concerns at the dam, the weir box could not be deployed near a spillway gate where the prototype was tested, so the device was altered and re-deployed at a different location, where it was evaluated during 2013. The U.S. Geological Survey conducted an evaluation using radiotelemetry to monitor fish behavior near the weir box and collection flumes. The evaluation was conducted during April–June 2013. Juvenile steelhead and coho salmon (45 per species) were tagged with a radio transmitter and passive integrated transponder (PIT) tag, and released upstream of the dam. All tagged fish moved downstream and entered the forebay of Cowlitz Falls Dam. Median travel times from the release site to the forebay were 0.8 d for steelhead and 1.2 d for coho salmon. Most fish spent several days in the dam forebay; median forebay residence times were 4.4 d for juvenile steelhead and 5.7 d for juvenile coho salmon. A new radio transmitter model was used during the study period. The transmitter had low detection probabilities on underwater antennas located within the collection system, which prevented us from reporting performance metrics (discovery efficiency, entrance efficiency, retention efficiency) that are traditionally used to evaluate fish collection systems. Most tagged steelhead (98 percent) and coho salmon (84 percent) were detected near the weir box or collection flume entrances during the study period; 39 percent of tagged steelhead and 55 percent of tagged coho salmon were detected at both entrances. Sixty-three percent of the tagged steelhead that were detected at both entrances were first detected at the weir box, compared to 52 percent of the coho salmon. Twelve steelhead and 15 coho salmon detected inside the weir box eventually left the device and were collected in collection flumes or passed the dam. Overall, collection rates were relatively high during the study period. Sixty-five percent of the steelhead and 80 percent of the coho salmon were collected during the study, and most of the remaining fish passed the dam and entered the tailrace (24 percent of steelhead; 13 percent of coho salmon). The remaining 11 percent of steelhead and 7 percent of coho salmon did not pass the dam while their transmitters were operating. We were able to confirm collection of tagged fish at the fish facility using three approaches: (1) detection of radio transmitters in study fish; (2) detection of PIT-tags in study fish; (3) observation of study fish by staff at the fish facility. Data from all three methods were used to develop a multistate mark-recapture model that estimated detection probabilities for the various monitoring methods. These estimates then were used to describe the percent of tagged fish that were collected through the weir box and collection flumes. Detection probabilities of PIT-tag antennas in

Kock, Tobias J.; Liedtke, Theresa L.; Ekstrom, Brian K.; Tomka, Ryan G.; Rondorf, Dennis W.

2014-01-01

489

Effect of a behavioural health and specialty care telemedicine programme on goal attainment for youths in juvenile detention.  

PubMed

We conducted a pre-post study of the effect of a telepsychiatry counselling service on youths housed in three juvenile detention facilities. In the first year of the telemedicine programme, 321 psychiatry consultations were conducted via telemedicine; in the second year of the programme, 573 psychiatry consultations were conducted. Records for 190 students were then examined by two raters. The total number of behavioural goals for each adolescent increased from 8.2 in the pre-telemedicine year to 8.7 in the first year of telemedicine and then to 10.0 in the second year (P < 0.05). In Year 2 of the study, subjects also had a significantly higher number of goals in four of the five categories: education, family, health and social skills (P < 0.05). Although other changes at the youth detention facilities or in the juvenile justice system may have been partly responsible for the effects observed, the study suggests that telemedicine may be useful for improving the rate of attainment of goals associated with family relations and personality/behaviour. PMID:18632995

Fox, Karen C; Connor, Pamela; McCullers, Elizabeth; Waters, Teresa

2008-01-01

490

Transporting juvenile salmonids around dams impairs adult migration.  

PubMed

Mitigation and ecosystem-restoration efforts may have unintended consequences on both target and nontarget populations. Important effects can be displaced in space and time, making them difficult to detect without monitoring at appropriate scales. Here, we examined the effects of a mitigation program for juvenile salmonids on subsequent adult migration behaviors and survival. Juvenile chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) and steelhead (O. mykiss) were collected and uniquely tagged with passive integrated transponder (PIT) tags at Lower Granite Dam (Washington State, USA) on the Snake River and were then either transported downstream in barges in an effort to reduce out-migration mortality or returned to the river as a control group. Returning adults were collected and radio-tagged at Bonneville Dam (Washington-Oregon, USA) on the Columbia River 1-3 years later and then monitored during approximately 460 km of their homing migrations. The proportion of adults successfully homing was significantly lower, and unaccounted loss and permanent straying into non-natal rivers was higher, for barged fish of both species. On average, barged fish homed to Lower Granite Dam at rates about 10% lower than for in-river migrants. Barged fish were also 1.7-3.4 times more likely than in-river fish to fall back downstream past dams as adults, a behavior strongly associated with lower survival. These results suggest that juvenile transport impaired adult orientation or homing abilities, perhaps by disrupting sequential imprinting processes during juvenile out-migration. While juvenile transportation has clear short-term juvenile-survival benefits, the delayed effects that manifest in adult stages illustrate the need to assess mitigation success throughout the life cycle of target organisms, i.e., the use of fitness-based measures. In the case of Snake River salmonids listed under the Endangered Species Act, the increased straying and potential associated genetic and demographic effects may represent significant risks to successful recovery for both target and nontarget populations. PMID:19263886

Keefer, Matthew L; Caudill, Christopher C; Peery, Christopher A; Lee, Steven R

2008-12-01

491

Do naive juvenile seabirds forage differently from adults?  

PubMed Central

Foraging skills of young individuals are assumed to be inferior to those of adults. The reduced efficiency of naive individuals may be the primary cause of the high juvenile mortality and explain the deferment of maturity in long-lived species. However, the study of juvenile and immature foraging behaviour has been limited so far. We used satellite telemetry to compare the foraging movements of juveniles, immatures and breeding adult wandering albatrosses Diomedea exulans, a species where foraging success is positively influenced by the distance covered daily. We showed that juveniles are able to use favourable winds as soon as the first month of independence, but cover shorter distances daily and spend more time sitting on water than adults during the first two months after fledging. These reduced movement capacities do not seem to be the cause of higher juvenile mortality. Moreover, juveniles almost never restrict their movement to specific areas, as adults and immatures frequently do over shelf edges or oceanic zones, which suggest that the location of appropriate areas is learned through experience. Immatures and adults have equivalent movement capacities, but when they are central place foragers, i.e. when adults breed or immatures come to the colony to display and pair, immatures make shorter trips than adults. The long duration of immaturity in this species seems to be related to a long period of learning to integrate the foraging constraints associated with reproduction and central place foraging. Our results indicate that foraging behaviour of young albatrosses is partly innate and partly learned progressively over immaturity. The first months of learning appear critical in terms of survival, whereas the long period of immaturity is necessary for young birds to attain the skills necessary for efficient breeding without fitness costs. PMID:23926153

Riotte-Lambert, Louise; Weimerskirch, Henri

2013-01-01

492

Corrected geomagnetic pole coordinates  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new method for the accurate calculation of the corrected geomagnetic pole coordinates is developed. The results are compared with those obtained by previous methods, and maximum divergence was found to be approximately 1-deg.

Iu. L. Sverdlov; T. N. Khorkova

1982-01-01

493

Toward Correctly Rounded Transcendentals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract - The Table Maker's Dilemma is the problem of always getting correctly rounded results when computing the elementary functions After a brief presentation of this problem, we present new developments that have helped us to solve this problem for the

Vincent Lefèvre; Jean-michel Muller; Arnaud Tisserand

1998-01-01

494

HIV in Correctional Settings  

MedlinePLUS

... the correctional setting. Prevention education programs delivered by peer educators are particularly effective in establishing the trust ... Center before the inmates return to their communities. Peer educators interview inmates about sexual practices and barriers ...

495

Correcting Hubble Vision.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the theory behind the workings of the Hubble Space Telescope, the spherical aberration in the primary mirror that caused a reduction in image quality, and the corrective device that compensated for the error. (JRH)

Shaw, John M.; Sheahen, Thomas P.

1994-01-01

496

Corrective dermatology today.  

PubMed

The field of corrective dermatology has gained remarkable development in the past two decades. New heights in techniques and the growing interest in rejuvenation procedures have resulted in an increase in the number of corrective procedures all over the world. Here we present the most frequently performed corrective procedures in dermatology today: lasers, intense pulsed light, fillers, botulinum toxin, chemical peeling, radiofrequency, and dermabrasion. Currently, the most preferable procedures are those with early visible results, short 'down-time' and minimal risk of unwanted effects. Therefore, ablative resurfacing has been mostly replaced by nonablative and fractional resurfacing, while fillers and botulinum toxin have been ever more employed. The best cosmetic results can be achieved with combination of different corrective procedures. PMID:21830466

Lipozenci?, Jasna; Bukvi?-Mokos, Zrinka

2010-12-01

497

Grande Ronde Endemic Spring Chinook Salmon Supplementation Program: Facility Operation and Maintenance and Monitoring and Evaluation, 2000 Annual Report  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is the third annual report of a multi-year project to operate adult collection and juvenile acclimation facilities on Catherine Creek and the upper Grande Ronde River for Snake River spring chinook salmon. These two streams have historically supported populations that provided significant tribal and non-tribal fisheries. Supplementation using conventional and captive broodstock techniques is being used to restore fisheries

Stephen J. Boe; Peter T. Lofy

2003-01-01

498

Grande Ronde Endemic Spring Chinook Salmon Supplementation Program: Facility Operation and Maintenance and Monitoring and Evaluation, 2001 Annual Report  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is the second annual report of a multi-year project to operate adult collection and juvenile acclimation facilities on Catherine Creek and the upper Grande Ronde River for Snake River spring chinook salmon. These two streams have historically supported populations that provided significant tribal and non-tribal fisheries. Supplementation using conventional and captive broodstock techniques is being used to restore fisheries

Stephen J. Boe; Parker N. Ogburn

2003-01-01

499

Quantum Error Correction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Prologue; Preface; Part I. Background: 1. Introduction to decoherence and noise in open quantum systems Daniel Lidar and Todd Brun; 2. Introduction to quantum error correction Dave Bacon; 3. Introduction to decoherence-free subspaces and noiseless subsystems Daniel Lidar; 4. Introduction to quantum dynamical decoupling Lorenza Viola; 5. Introduction to quantum fault tolerance Panos Aliferis; Part II. Generalized Approaches to Quantum Error Correction: 6. Operator quantum error correction David Kribs and David Poulin; 7. Entanglement-assisted quantum error-correcting codes Todd Brun and Min-Hsiu Hsieh; 8. Continuous-time quantum error correction Ognyan Oreshkov; Part III. Advanced Quantum Codes: 9. Quantum convolutional codes Mark Wilde; 10. Non-additive quantum codes Markus Grassl and Martin Rötteler; 11. Iterative quantum coding systems David Poulin; 12. Algebraic quantum coding theory Andreas Klappenecker; 13. Optimization-based quantum error correction Andrew Fletcher; Part IV. Advanced Dynamical Decoupling: 14. High order dynamical decoupling Zhen-Yu Wang and Ren-Bao Liu; 15. Combinatorial approaches to dynamical decoupling Martin Rötteler and Pawel Wocjan; Part V. Alternative Quantum Computation Approaches: 16. Holonomic quantum computation Paolo Zanardi; 17. Fault tolerance for holonomic quantum computation Ognyan Oreshkov, Todd Brun and Daniel Lidar; 18. Fault tolerant measurement-based quantum computing Debbie Leung; Part VI. Topological Methods: 19. Topological codes Héctor Bombín; 20. Fault tolerant topological cluster state quantum computing Austin Fowler and Kovid Goyal; Part VII. Applications and Implementations: 21. Experimental quantum error correction Dave Bacon; 22. Experimental dynamical decoupling Lorenza Viola; 23. Architectures Jacob Taylor; 24. Error correction in quantum communication Mark Wilde; Part VIII. Critical Evaluation of Fault Tolerance: 25. Hamiltonian methods in QEC and fault tolerance Eduardo Novais, Eduardo Mucciolo and Harold Baranger; 26. Critique of fault-tolerant quantum information processing Robert Alicki; References; Index.

Lidar, Daniel A.; Brun, Todd A.

2013-09-01

500

Grande Ronde Endemic Spring Chinook Salmon Supplementation Program : Facility Operation and Maintenance Facilities, Annual Report 2003.  

SciTech Connect

Anadromous salmonid stocks have declined in both the Grande Ronde River Basin (Lower Snake River Compensation Plan (LSRCP) Status Review Symposium 1998) and in the entire Snake River Basin (Nehlsen et al. 1991), many to the point of extinction. The Grande Ronde River Basin historically supported large populations of fall and spring chinook (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha), sockeye (O. nerka), and coho (O. kisutch) salmon and steelhead trout (O. mykiss) (Nehlsen et al. 1991). The decline of chinook salmon and steelhead populations and extirpation of coho and sockeye salmon in the Grande Ronde River Basin was, in part, a result of construction and operation of hydroelectric facilities, over fishing, and loss and degradation of critical spawning and rearing habitat in the Columbia and Snake River basins (Nehlsen et al. 1991). Hatcheries were built in Oregon, Washington and Idaho under the Lower Snake River Compensation Plan (LSRCP) to compensate for losses of anadromous salmonids due to the construction and operation of the lower four Snake River dams. Lookingglass Hatchery (LGH) on Lookingglass Creek, a tributary of the Grande Ronde River, was completed under LSRCP in 1982 and has served as the main incubation and rearing site for chinook salmon programs for Grande Ronde and Imnaha rivers in Oregon. Despite these hatchery programs, natural spring chinook populations continued to decline resulting in the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) listing Snake River spring/summer chinook salmon as ''threatened'' under the federal Endangered Species Act (1973) on 22 April 1992. Continuing poor escapement levels and declining population trends indicated that Grande Ronde River basin spring chinook salmon were in imminent danger of extinction. These continuing trends led fisheries co-managers in the basin to initiate the Grande Ronde Endemic Spring Chinook Salmon Supplementation Program (GRESCSSP) in order to prevent extinction and preserve options for use of endemic fish stocks in future artificial propagation programs. The GRESCSSP was implemented in three Grande Ronde River basin tributaries; the Lostine and upper Grande Ronde rivers and Catherine Creek. The GRESCSSP employs two broodstock strategies utilizing captive and conventional brood sources. The captive brood program began in 1995, with the collection of parr from the three tributary areas. The conventional broodstock component of the program began in 1997 with the collection of natural adults returning to these tributary areas. Although LGH was available as the primary production facility for spring chinook programs in the Grande Ronde Basin, there were never any adult or juvenile satellite facilities developed in the tributary areas that were to be supplemented. An essential part of the GRESCSSP was the construction of adult traps and juvenile acclimation facilities in these tributary areas. Weirs were installed in 1997 for the collection of adult broodstock for the conventional component of the program. Juvenile facilities were built in 2000 for acclimation of the smolts produced by the captive and conventional broodstock programs and as release sites within the natural production areas of their natal streams. The Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR) operate both the juvenile acclimation and adult trapping facilities located on Catherine Creek and the upper Grande Ronde River under this project. The Nez Perce Tribe (NPT) operate the facilities on the Lostine River under a sister project. Hatcheries were also built in Oregon, Washington and Idaho under the LSRCP to compensate for losses of summer steelhead due to the construction and operation of the lowest four Snake River dams. Despite these harvest-driven hatchery programs, natural summer steelhead populations continued to decline as evidenced by declining counts at Lower Granite Dam since 1995 (Columbia River Data Access in Real Time, DART) and low steelhead redd counts on index streams in the Grande Ronde Basin. Because of low escapement the Snake River summer steelhead were listed as threat

McLean, Michael L.; Seeger, Ryan; Hewitt, Laurie (Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation, Department of Natural Resources, Pendleton, OR)

2004-01-01