Sample records for kenkyu rabo system

  1. The Role of Community Studies in the Makiguchian Pedagogy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gebert, Andrew

    2009-01-01

    This article focuses on two of the earlier works in the Makiguchi corpus, "Kyoju no togo chushin toshiteno kyodoka kenkyu" ("Research into Community Studies as the Integrating Focus of Instruction," 1912/1987; hereafter "Community Studies"), and "Chiri kyoju no hoho oyobi naiyo no kenkyu" ("Research into the Methods and Content of Geography…

  2. GEOINFORMATICS - Proceedings of the 39th Meeting of the Geoscience Information Society

    E-print Network

    GeoScience Information Society

    2004-01-01

    chemischen Mineralogic, ... Chishitsu chosa kenkyu hokoku/ Bull. Geol Survey of Japan Chishitsu Chosajo hokoku! Report Geol. Survey of Japan Coloquios de paleontologia Cuadernos de geologia iberica Daiyonki kenkyu = The quaternary research Di qiu xue... bao = Acta geoscientia sinica Di zhi xue bao = Acta geologica Sinica Earthwise I British Geological Survey Eclogae geologicae Helvetiae Eiszeitalter und Gegenwart Estudios geologicos Folia Quaternaria I Polska Akademia Nauk Freiberger...

  3. Body Systems

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2011-11-02

    What are the parts and functions of the different systems in the body? Circulatory System Watch the Circulatory System and the Heart video. Complete one of the Circulatory System quizzes. Excretory System Label the parts of the excretory system. Respiratory System Quiz Complete respiratory system quiz to review parts. Skeletal System Label each part of the skeletal system. Vocabulary Review Change the settings to only include body system terms and play Hangman to review new vocabulary. ...

  4. Library System Library System

    E-print Network

    Cinabro, David

    Library System #12;Library System 5150 Anthony Wayne Drive David Adamany Undergraduate Library that for the current fiscal year, we've been given an additional $600,000 for our library materials budget. We're very subscriptions. The Wayne State University Libraries are deeply committed to providing our faculty and students

  5. Solar system positioning system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Penanen, Konstantin I.; Chui, Talso

    2006-01-01

    Power-rich spacecraft envisioned in Prometheus initiative open up possibilities for long-range high-rate communication. A constellation of spacecraft on orbits several A.U. from the Sun, equipped with laser transponders and precise clocks can be configured to measure their mutual distances to within few cm. High on-board power can create substantial non-inertial contribution to the spacecraft trajectory. We propose to alleviate this contribution by employing secondary ranging to a passive daughter spacecraft. Such constellation can form the basis of it navigation system capable of providing position information anywhere in the soIar system with similar accuracy. Apart from obvious Solar System exploration implications, this system can provide robust reference for GPS and its successors.

  6. Systems autonomy

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lum, Henry, Jr.

    1988-01-01

    Information on systems autonomy is given in viewgraph form. Information is given on space systems integration, intelligent autonomous systems, automated systems for in-flight mission operations, the Systems Autonomy Demonstration Project on the Space Station Thermal Control System, the architecture of an autonomous intelligent system, artificial intelligence research issues, machine learning, and real-time image processing.

  7. ZEOLITE CATALYSIS - TECHNOLOGY

    E-print Network

    Heinemann, Heinz

    2013-01-01

    catalytic cracking in the presence of hydrogen with a dualhydrogen exchanged faujasites possessed good isomerization ability, but commercial application in catalytic crackingcracking. Rabo, Bezman and Poutsma state (5) that HY "favors bimolecular (hydrogen

  8. Aerospace Systems

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This pdf contains a syllabus for a course on aerospace systems as part of the Aerospace Technology Program. This course covers an introduction to expendable and reusable Space Launch Vehicle (SLV) systems including hydraulic, pneumatic, electrical, propulsion, mechanical, HVAC (heating, ventilation and air conditioning), and ECLSS (Environmental Control and Life Support Systems). How systems interact with computer and data acquisition systems is also covered.

  9. Operating Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Denning, Peter J.; Brown, Robert L.

    1984-01-01

    A computer operating system spans multiple layers of complexity, from commands entered at a keyboard to the details of electronic switching. In addition, the system is organized as a hierarchy of abstractions. Various parts of such a system and system dynamics (using the Unix operating system as an example) are described. (JN)

  10. Operating Systems

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Dr Clayton Ferner

    CSC 342. Operating Systems (3) Prerequisite: CSC 332. Study of supervisory programs. System services and file systems; CPU scheduling; memory management; virtual memory; disk scheduling. Deadlock characterization, prevention, and avoidance; concurrent processes; semaphores; critical sections; synchronization. Distributed systems and communication protocols.

  11. Solar System

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Ms.West

    2009-07-07

    At the end of this project, you will be able to explain the components of the Solar System and know the order of the planets starting from the Sun. Objective Question: What is the Solar System? First, listen and read about the Solar System 1. How many planets make up our Solar System? 2. What is at the center of the Solar System? Next,listen and read about the Planets. 1. Can you name all of the planets? Finally, listen and watch The Solar System Movie. 1. Can you list the ...

  12. Systems thinking.

    PubMed

    Cabrera, Derek; Colosi, Laura; Lobdell, Claire

    2008-08-01

    Evaluation is one of many fields where "systems thinking" is popular and is said to hold great promise. However, there is disagreement about what constitutes systems thinking. Its meaning is ambiguous, and systems scholars have made diverse and divergent attempts to describe it. Alternative origins include: von Bertalanffy, Aristotle, Lao Tsu or multiple aperiodic "waves." Some scholars describe it as synonymous with systems sciences (i.e., nonlinear dynamics, complexity, chaos). Others view it as taxonomy-a laundry list of systems approaches. Within so much noise, it is often difficult for evaluators to find the systems thinking signal. Recent work in systems thinking describes it as an emergent property of four simple conceptual patterns (rules). For an evaluator to become a "systems thinker", he or she need not spend years learning many methods or nonlinear sciences. Instead, with some practice, one can learn to apply these four simple rules to existing evaluation knowledge with transformative results. PMID:18272224

  13. Digestive System

    MedlinePLUS

    ... the body can absorb and use. About the Digestive System Almost all animals have a tube-type digestive ... the anus as a bowel movement. Back Continue Digestive System Problems Nearly everyone has a digestive problem at ...

  14. Cardiovascular system

    MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

    The cardiovascular system is composed of the heart and the network of arteries, veins, and capillaries that transport blood throughout the ... carries waste products from the tissues to the systems of the body through which they are eliminated. ...

  15. Linked Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Association of Research Libraries, Washington, DC.

    Three papers are compiled here for research library directors: (1) "Background: Open Systems Interconnection," in which David F. Bishop provides fundamental background information to explain the concept of the emerging technology of linked systems and open systems interconnection--i.e., an agreed upon standard set of conventions or rules that,…

  16. Systems thinking

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Derek Cabrera; Laura Colosi; Claire Lobdell

    2008-01-01

    Evaluation is one of many fields where “systems thinking” is popular and is said to hold great promise. However, there is disagreement about what constitutes systems thinking. Its meaning is ambiguous, and systems scholars have made diverse and divergent attempts to describe it. Alternative origins include: von Bertalanffy, Aristotle, Lao Tsu or multiple aperiodic “waves.” Some scholars describe it as

  17. Energy Systems

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Office of Educational Partnerships,

    Posters are provided for several different energy conversion systems. Students are provided with cards that give the name and a description of each of the components in an energy system. They match these with the figures on the diagram. Since the groups look at different systems, they also describe their results to the class to share their knowledge.

  18. System Effectiveness

    SciTech Connect

    Powell, Danny H [ORNL] [ORNL; Elwood Jr, Robert H [ORNL] [ORNL

    2011-01-01

    An effective risk assessment system is needed to address the threat posed by an active or passive insider who, acting alone or in collusion, could attempt diversion or theft of nuclear material. It is critical that a nuclear facility conduct a thorough self-assessment of the material protection, control, and accountability (MPC&A) system to evaluate system effectiveness. Self-assessment involves vulnerability analysis and performance testing of the MPC&A system. The process should lead to confirmation that mitigating features of the system effectively minimize the threat, or it could lead to the conclusion that system improvements or upgrades are necessary to achieve acceptable protection against the threat. Analysis of the MPC&A system is necessary to understand the limits and vulnerabilities of the system to internal threats. Self-assessment helps the facility be prepared to respond to internal threats and reduce the risk of theft or diversion of nuclear material. MSET is a self-assessment or inspection tool utilizing probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) methodology to calculate the system effectiveness of a nuclear facility's MPC&A system. MSET analyzes the effectiveness of an MPC&A system based on defined performance metrics for MPC&A functions based on U.S. and international best practices and regulations. A facility's MC&A system can be evaluated at a point in time and reevaluated after upgrades are implemented or after other system changes occur. The total system or specific subareas within the system can be evaluated. Areas of potential performance improvement or system upgrade can be assessed to determine where the most beneficial and cost-effective improvements should be made. Analyses of risk importance factors show that sustainability is essential for optimal performance. The analyses reveal where performance degradation has the greatest detrimental impact on total system risk and where performance improvements have the greatest reduction in system risk. The risk importance factors show the amount of risk reduction achievable with potential upgrades and the amount of risk reduction actually achieved after upgrades are completed. Applying the risk assessment tool gives support to budget prioritization by showing where budget support levels must be sustained for MC&A functions most important to risk. Results of the risk assessment are also useful in supporting funding justifications for system improvements that significantly reduce system risk.

  19. Telescope) Systems

    E-print Network

    E. F. Young; L. A. Young; C. B. Olkin; M. W. Buie; K. Shoemaker; R. G. French; J. Regester

    ABSTRACT. The PHOT (Portable High-Speed Occultation Telescope) systems were developed for the specific purpose of observing stellar occultations by solar system objects. Stellar occultations have unique observing constraints: they may only be observable from certain parts of the globe; they often require a rapid observing cadence; and they require accurate time-stamp information for each exposure. The PHOT systems consist of 14 inch telescopes, CCD cameras, camera mounting plates, GPS-based time standards, and data acquisition computers. The PHOT systems are similar in principle to the POETS systems (Portable Occultation, Eclipse, and Transit Systems), with the main differences being (1) different CCD cameras with slightly different specifications and (2) a standalone custom-built time standard used by PHOT, whereas POETS uses a commercial time standard that is controlled from a computer. Since 2005, PHOT systems have been deployed on over two-dozen occasions to sites in the US,

  20. Antenna Systems Advanced Antenna Systems

    E-print Network

    Fang, Yuguang "Michael"

    EEL4461 EEL5462 Fall 2014 Antenna Systems Advanced Antenna Systems Instructor Dr. Jenshan Lin://lss.at.ufl.edu/) Textbooks Required: Balanis, Antenna Theory - Analysis and Design, 3rd ed. 2005 Prerequisite EEL3472 principles of antenna and to apply them to the design and analysis of antenna systems. Students will learn

  1. Microfluidic Systems Integrated Microfluidic Systems**

    E-print Network

    Ismagilov, Rustem F.

    Microfluidic Systems Integrated Microfluidic Systems** Rustem F. Ismagilov* Keywords: analytical methods · enzymes · microfluidics · microreactors · protein structures Microfluidic systems use networks of channels thinner than a human hair to manipulate nanoliter volumes of re- agents. The goal of microfluidics

  2. Networked Software Systems Distributed System

    E-print Network

    Segall, Adrian

    networking APIs. Using the system will allow the developer to run his tasks producer over one computer. The system is platform independent; means it can run over every platform since it is written in Java to a concrete usage: Distributed Search Engine. This concrete system will search pages in the web, download them

  3. Systems Thinking 2: Thermodynamic Systems

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2012-12-19

    This video explains thermodynamic systems, open and closed systems, and the four key properties of a system. This video is part of the Sustainability Learning Suites, made possible in part by a grant from the National Science Foundation. See 'Learn more about this resource' for Learning Objectives, Assessment, and Activities.

  4. Geothermal systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mohl, C.

    1978-01-01

    Several tasks of JPL related to geothermal energy are discussed. The major task is the procurement and test and evaluation of a helical screw drive (wellhead unit). A general review of geothermal energy systems is given. The presentation focuses attention on geothermal reservoirs in California, with graphs and charts to support the discussion. Included are discussions on cost analysis, systems maintenance, and a comparison of geothermal and conventional heating and cooling systems.

  5. Operating Systems

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Bin Muhammad, Rashid

    Rashid Bin Muhammad at Kent State University presents his page of lectures notes and other instructional materials on operating systems. The site is divided into a number of topics about operating systems: history, structure, process, threads, Solaris-2, CPU / process scheduling, schedule algorithm, interprocess communication, deadlock, important UNIX commands, and references. The site is then followed by links to outside resources to help supplement the material presented here. This is a great resource for computer science instructors teaching students about operating systems.

  6. SCALPEL system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Steven D. Berger; Chris Biddick; Myrtle Blakey; Kevin J. Bolan; Stephen W. Bowler; Kevin Brady; Ron Camarda; Wayne Connelly; Reginald C. Farrow; Joseph A. Felker; Linus A. Fetter; Lloyd R. Harriott; Harold A. Huggins; Joe Kraus; J. A. Liddle; Masis M. Mkrtchyan; Anthony E. Novembre; Milton Peabody; Tom Russell; Wayne M. Simpson; Regine G. Tarascon; H. H. Wade; Warren K. Waskiewicz; Pat Watson

    1994-01-01

    We have proposed an approach to projection electron beam lithography, termed the SCALPEL system, which we believe offers solutions to previous problems associated with projection electron beam lithography.

  7. Systemic Darwinism

    PubMed Central

    Winther, Rasmus Grønfeldt

    2008-01-01

    Darwin's 19th century evolutionary theory of descent with modification through natural selection opened up a multidimensional and integrative conceptual space for biology. We explore three dimensions of this space: explanatory pattern, levels of selection, and degree of difference among units of the same type. Each dimension is defined by a respective pair of poles: law and narrative explanation, organismic and hierarchical selection, and variational and essentialist thinking. As a consequence of conceptual debates in the 20th century biological sciences, the poles of each pair came to be seen as mutually exclusive opposites. A significant amount of 21st century research focuses on systems (e.g., genomic, cellular, organismic, and ecological/global). Systemic Darwinism is emerging in this context. It follows a “compositional paradigm” according to which complex systems and their hierarchical networks of parts are the focus of biological investigation. Through the investigation of systems, Systemic Darwinism promises to reintegrate each dimension of Darwin's original logical space. Moreover, this ideally and potentially unified theory of biological ontology coordinates and integrates a plurality of mathematical biological theories (e.g., self-organization/structure, cladistics/history, and evolutionary genetics/function). Integrative Systemic Darwinism requires communal articulation from a plurality of perspectives. Although it is more general than these, it draws on previous advances in Systems Theory, Systems Biology, and Hierarchy Theory. Systemic Darwinism would greatly further bioengineering research and would provide a significantly deeper and more critical understanding of biological reality. PMID:18697926

  8. Mining system

    SciTech Connect

    Gilbert, C. J.; Hassialis, M. D.; Scrymgeour, A. H.; Vera, S. I.

    1985-04-23

    This system develops an ore body in two lifts, driven from opposite ends (at different times) and utilizes the concept of lane pillars rather than square block pillars. These conditions generate a new ventilation system that is flexible and well suited for the varying air requirements in oil shale mining. The ore handling system is load-haul-dump (LHD) to portable crushers to belts to surface. The layout of this method introduces unique functions for this system by creating two directional ore flow from the workings, which optimize logistics and material handling methods.

  9. Operating Systems

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2009-07-23

    Stanford's Computer Science department presents this course on operating systems taught by David Mazières in Winter of 2009. The course covers concurrency, synchronization, scheduling, linking, virtual memory, memory allocations, file systems, networking, protection, security, and virtual machines. On the site, visitors will find the course syllabus, lecture notes, reference materials, and old exams from past iterations of the course. There are also four programming projects on the following topics: threads, user programs, virtual memory, and file systems. It's an excellent resource for educators in computer science and technician training courses to help supplement operating systems education.

  10. Solar System

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Sill - Earth Systems Science

    2010-10-07

    Take a tour of our Solar System Browse the various tours of the solar system, then choose the one, or combination of tours, that will help you make comparisons between the planets. Items to take note of: Number of known satellites Orbital period around the sun Rotational period on its axis Atmospheric gases Presence of water, and in what ...

  11. Turbocompound system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Fox

    1986-01-01

    A turbocompound system is described for improving the performance of an internal combustion engine without substantially increasing an end viewed profile of the engine to which it is mounted in use. The system consists of: (a) an exhaust driven turbocharger means having an exhaust manifold means extending in an axial direction for collecting exhaust gases from engine cylinders and delivering

  12. Systems Librarianship

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The SYSLIB-L list serves as a vehicle for the discussion of topics related to systems librarianship and for the collection of information related to systems librarianship. Postings may include, but are not limited to, job postings, technical questions, philosophical discussions, and education.

  13. Multimedia Systems

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Ms Laurie Patterson

    CSC 304. Multimedia Systems (3) Prerequisite: CSC 121. Introduction to technologies of the Internet and networked multimedia systems. Issues in web page design; Internet client/server programming; collaborative computing and group work; network publishing; security and encryption; audio and video compression; ethical issues and privacy; e-commerce; and distributed object computing. Open only to students of junior or senior standing.

  14. Digestive System

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Jim Bidlack

    The digestive system is investigated in this learning activity to help participants learn how food is broken down and prepared for absorption, and list the components of the digestive system as well as their functions. Organs investigated include the mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum, and anus.

  15. Organ Systems

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    W. R. Klemm

    2001-01-01

    This "Organ Systems" module has five units of instruction that focus on the main classes of functions that a body must perform. Rather than just naming organs of the body and what they do, they present a perspective on the body as a coordinated group of systems that must do certain things correctly in order to survive and thrive.

  16. Systems Thinking

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This video from SpaceTEC National Aerospace Technical Education Center explains the General Systems Model and how consider the entire system when performing aerospace work. This three and a half minute video is one of the aerospace certification readiness courses.

  17. Decimal system

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    N/A N/A (None; )

    2007-10-24

    Early scientific efforts by the Chinese yielded the decimal system. The Chinese were mostly known for their physical inventions during this time, so it was unusual to see something like the decimal system come from China at this point in history.

  18. Power system

    DOEpatents

    Hickam, Christopher Dale (Glasford, IL)

    2008-03-18

    A power system includes a prime mover, a transmission, and a fluid coupler having a selectively engageable lockup clutch. The fluid coupler may be drivingly connected between the prime mover and the transmission. Additionally, the power system may include a motor/generator drivingly connected to at least one of the prime mover and the transmission. The power-system may also include power-system controls configured to execute a control method. The control method may include selecting one of a plurality of modes of operation of the power system. Additionally, the control method may include controlling the operating state of the lockup clutch dependent upon the mode of operation selected. The control method may also include controlling the operating state of the motor/generator dependent upon the mode of operation selected.

  19. Systems and Components Fuel Delivery System, Water Delivery System, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Systems and Components - Fuel Delivery System, Water Delivery System, Derrick Crane System, and Crane System Details - Marshall Space Flight Center, F-1 Engine Static Test Stand, On Route 565 between Huntsville and Decatur, Huntsville, Madison County, AL

  20. System Toolbox

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    System Toolbox is designed for system administrators who deal with a variety of platforms. The site covers Windows NT, General Unix, Novell, Linux, Solaris, HP-UX, and the Mac OS. The "toolbox" for each platform offers annotated links to Tools (Disk Management, Anti-Virus, Security, etc.), Articles, and other useful Links. While the information here is hardly comprehensive, the site offers useful, if often basic, resources for administrators. System Toolbox's brand new History section looks promising, with two articles currently posted, "Von Braun's Slide Rule" and "The Godfather of Computing - Charles Babbage." The Comments section allows users to post questions or comments.

  1. Respiratory system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bartlett, R. G., Jr.

    1973-01-01

    The general anatomy and function of the human respiratory system is summarized. Breathing movements, control of breathing, lung volumes and capacities, mechanical relations, and factors relevant to respiratory support and equipment design are discussed.

  2. Root systems

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    N/A N/A (U.S. Government; )

    2004-10-30

    One purpose that roots serve is that of anchoring the plant in the ground. Roots also take up water and nutrients for the plant. Plants all have different root system types to fit their individual needs and locations.

  3. Respiratory System

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Jim Bidlack

    The purpose, components, and functions of the respiratory system are presented in this learning through disussion and visualizations. Participants learn about the nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, and alveoli.

  4. Earth Systems

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Houghton Mifflin Science

    This self-contained module on Earth systems includes a range of fun activities that students can perform in the classroom and at home with family members. They impart important concepts such as observation, identification, measurement, and differentiation.

  5. Immune System

    MedlinePLUS

    ... scientists can use this information to develop new strategies for the prevention and treatment of infectious and immune-mediated diseases. Read more about Research Frontiers . What's New Media Availability: NIH Researchers Develop Database on Healthy Immune System — ...

  6. Embedded Systems

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Leske, Cavin.

    Embedded systems are dedicated computers designed to perform a specific task. They are usually fairly simple devices that are used in areas where powerful, customizable computers are unnecessary; however, they can also be quite complex on occasion. Embedded systems can be found almost anywhere, including automobiles and cellular phones, and their importance is reflected in their near omnipresence.An excellent introduction to embedded systems can be found in the first three pages of this online course material (1). The educational module gives a thorough definition of embedded systems, several examples of where they are used, and a discussion of their common components. For a more detailed explanation of how these devices are used to control various appliances, motors, and other real world products, this site (2) is worth a visit. Sixteen sections comprise the site, and each includes background information and an example experiment. Although certain equipment is required for the experiments, much can be learned simply from reading the introductions. This enlightening essay (3) documents the history and development of embedded systems. Despite being somewhat specific to the author's life, it effectively illustrates the evolution of embedded systems and their incorporation into many facets of everyday life. A paper presented at the 2003 International Cryptology Conference (4) considers the vulnerability of embedded cryptosystems to side channel attacks, which are different from normal security violations because they involve monitoring parts of the hardware system instead of the software. The authors propose the design of private circuits that are resistant to such attacks. The Center for Robotics and Embedded Systems at the University of Southern California is the source of this paper (5) about networked robots. Although it is somewhat dated, the paper provides some valuable insights into how robots can be used in human environments and how they can be controlled and coordinated with wireless communications. An article from Dedicated Systems Magazine (6) highlights the role of embedded systems in NASA's Mars Exploration Rovers, which were launched in June and July 2003. The technologies that enabled the rovers to have powerful, reliable operation are described. The April 2003 issue of ACM Queue (7), the online magazine of the Association for Computing Machinery, is dedicated to embedded systems. Seven articles are included in the issue, dealing with the design and construction process of embedded devices and the hardware/software interface. Lastly, a short paper that was presented at a computer architecture symposium in January 2003 looks ahead to the realization of ubiquitous computing (8). This technology revolution, which has been predicted for many years, promises to make tiny computers embedded in virtually everything, even clothing and walls. The author focuses on the area of intelligent vehicles and wheeled mobile robots.

  7. Digestive System

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Integrated Teaching and Learning Program,

    The digestive system is amazing: it takes the foods we eat and breaks them into smaller components that our bodies can use for energy, cell repair and growth. This lesson introduces students to the main parts of the digestive system and how they interact. In addition, students learn about some of the challenges astronauts face when eating in outer space. Engineers figure out how to deal with such challenges.

  8. Systemic trauma.

    PubMed

    Goldsmith, Rachel E; Martin, Christina Gamache; Smith, Carly Parnitzke

    2014-01-01

    Substantial theoretical, empirical, and clinical work examines trauma as it relates to individual victims and perpetrators. As trauma professionals, it is necessary to acknowledge facets of institutions, cultures, and communities that contribute to trauma and subsequent outcomes. Systemic trauma-contextual features of environments and institutions that give rise to trauma, maintain it, and impact posttraumatic responses-provides a framework for considering the full range of traumatic phenomena. The current issue of the Journal of Trauma & Dissociation is composed of articles that incorporate systemic approaches to trauma. This perspective extends conceptualizations of trauma to consider the influence of environments such as schools and universities, churches and other religious institutions, the military, workplace settings, hospitals, jails, and prisons; agencies and systems such as police, foster care, immigration, federal assistance, disaster management, and the media; conflicts involving war, torture, terrorism, and refugees; dynamics of racism, sexism, discrimination, bullying, and homophobia; and issues pertaining to conceptualizations, measurement, methodology, teaching, and intervention. Although it may be challenging to expand psychological and psychiatric paradigms of trauma, a systemic trauma perspective is necessary on both scientific and ethical grounds. Furthermore, a systemic trauma perspective reflects current approaches in the fields of global health, nursing, social work, and human rights. Empirical investigations and intervention science informed by this paradigm have the potential to advance scientific inquiry, lower the incidence of a broader range of traumatic experiences, and help to alleviate personal and societal suffering. PMID:24617751

  9. Systemic fluoride.

    PubMed

    Sampaio, Fábio Correia; Levy, Steven Marc

    2011-01-01

    There is substantial evidence that fluoride, through different applications and formulas, works to control caries development. The first observations of fluoride's effects on dental caries were linked to fluoride naturally present in the drinking water, and then from controlled water fluoridation programs. Other systemic methods to deliver fluoride were later suggested, including dietary fluoride supplements such as salt and milk. These systemic methods are now being questioned due to the fact that many studies have indicated that fluoride's action relies mainly on its post-eruptive effect from topical contact with the tooth structure. It is known that even the methods of delivering fluoride known as 'systemic' act mainly through a topical effect when they are in contact with the teeth. The effectiveness of water fluoridation in many geographic areas is lower than in previous eras due to the widespread use of other fluoride modalities. Nevertheless, this evidence should not be interpreted as an indication that systemic methods are no longer relevant ways to deliver fluoride on an individual basis or for collective health programs. Caution must be taken to avoid excess ingestion of fluoride when prescribing dietary fluoride supplements for children in order to minimize the risk of dental fluorosis, particularly if there are other relevant sources of fluoride intake - such as drinking water, salt or milk and/or dentifrice. Safe and effective doses of fluoride can be achieved when combining topical and systemic methods. PMID:21701196

  10. System Demonstration

    E-print Network

    Multilingual Weather Forecast; Tianfang Yao; Dongmo Zhang; Qian Wang

    The MLWFA (Multilingual Weather Forecasts Assistant) system will be demonstrated. It is developed to generate the multilingual text of the weather forecasts automatically. The raw data from the weather observation can be used to generate the weather element chart. According to the weather change trend, the forecasters can directly modify the value Of the element on the chart, such as the center .point value, the isoline and the isocircle. After 'that, the modified data are stored as the input for the system. The system can select a schema depending on the input or the requirement from the users. The schema library can be conveniently maintained, such as the schema modification 'or extension. Through optimizing and mapping the schema .tree, the microplanner constructs the brief and coherent internal text structure for the surface generator. After the processing Of the generator, the multilingual 'weather forecasts used for the broadcast program are generated.

  11. Robotic System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1984-01-01

    A complicated design project, successfully carried out by New York manufacturing consultant with help from NERAC, Inc., resulted in new type robotic system being marketed for industrial use. Consultant Robert Price, operating at E.S.I, Inc. in Albany, NY, sought help from NERAC to develop an automated tool for deburring the inside of 8 inch breech ring assemblies for howitzers produced by Watervliet Arsenal. NERAC conducted a search of the NASA data base and six others. From information supplied, Price designed a system consisting of a standard industrial robot arm, with a specially engineered six-axis deburring tool fitted to it. A microcomputer and computer program direct the tool on its path through the breech ring. E.S.I. markets the system to aerospace and metal cutting industries for deburring, drilling, routing and refining machined parts.

  12. Manufacturing Systems

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    S Wallace

    2010-07-16

    Objective 7:05 - Students will develop an awareness of the designed World through : Describing a manufacturing system; listing and describing the basic type of manufacturing; defining production and manufacturing enterprise;defining AGV, CAD, CIM, CAM, CNC, production tooling, automation, and material processes. Day 1: Introduction/Background Objective Preassessment: Use a KWL chart to assess your students prior knowledge. This will also help you deal with any misconceptions regarding manufacturing system. Students will use the curriculum companion PowerPoint and Objective 7.05 Outline to develop an awarness of: Define manufacturing List and describe the basic types of Manufacturing Student ...

  13. Neuromodulatory systems

    PubMed Central

    Werner, Gerhard; Mitterauer, Bernhard J.

    2013-01-01

    We examine the interactions and interdependencies between Neuroglia, the Brain-Cell Microenvironment, and the processes commonly subsumed under Neuromodulation. The interactions of the component processes covering a wide spectrum of frequencies are designated as Neuromodulatory Systems (NMS). This implies NMS's scale-invariance as the capacity of linking actions across many time scales, and self-similarity at any scale. These features endow NMS with the ability to respond adaptively to neural impulse traffic of an unpredictably wide frequency spectrum. In this preliminary perspective, the components of NMS are only outlined based on concepts of Complex Systems Dynamics. However, their interactions must be formally elaborated in further investigations. PMID:23532509

  14. Systemic mastocytosis.

    PubMed

    George, Tracy I; Horny, Hans-Peter

    2011-10-01

    An unusual disease, mastocytosis challenges the pathologist with a variety of morphologic appearances and heterogeneous clinical presentations ranging from skin manifestations (pruritus, urticaria, dermatographism) to systemic signs and symptoms indicative of mast cell mediator release, including flushing, hypotension, headache, and anaphylaxis among others. In this article, we focus on recognizing the cytology, histopathology, clinical features, and prognostic implications of systemic mastocytosis, a clonal and neoplastic mast cell proliferation infiltrating extracutaneous organ(s) with or without skin involvement. Diagnostic pitfalls are reviewed with ancillary studies to help unmask the mast cell and exclude morphologic mimics. PMID:22054735

  15. Solar System

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2007-12-12

    This site is part of the space page of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC), and provides information about the Sun, the planets and their moons, and other bodies in the solar system. It contains a travel guide to the Solar System including such topics as what to see, reason to visit, how to get there, and local history. A similar travel guide is then available for the Sun, each of the planets, asteroids, and comets. In addition, multiple links for more detailed information as well as space games and puzzles are provided.

  16. Microbiology System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1992-01-01

    Technology originating in a NASA-sponsored study of the measurement of microbial growth in zero gravity led to the development of Biomerieux Vitek, Inc.'s VITEK system. VITEK provides a physician with accurate diagnostic information and identifies the most effective medication. Test cards are employed to identify organisms and determine susceptibility to antibiotics. A photo-optical scanner scans the card and monitors changes in the growth of cells contained within the card. There are two configurations - VITEK and VITEK JR as well as VIDAS, a companion system that detects bacteria, viruses, etc. from patient specimens. The company was originally created by McDonnell Douglas, the NASA contractor.

  17. System Overview

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This is a description for a learning module from Maricopa Advanced Technology Education Center. This PDF describes the module; access may be purchased by visiting the MATEC website. Technicians face the challenge of building and maintaining knowledge and skills that are applicable to microcomputer architecture. These challenges include keeping up to date on improvements in PC components, changes in PC hardware configurations, integration of new devices within PC systems, and the ability to readily apply their knowledge within the microcomputer manufacturing industry. This module provides an introduction and overview to the major system features that define the architecture of an Intel-based PC. A unique multimedia self-tutorial is included.

  18. Investigating Army systems and Systems of Systems for value robustness

    E-print Network

    Koo, Kevin C. K. (Kevin Cheng Keong)

    2010-01-01

    This thesis proposes a value robustness approach to architect defense systems and Systems of Systems (SoS). A value robust system or SoS has the ability to provide continued value to stakeholders by performing well to meet ...

  19. Immune System 1 Running Head: IMMUNE SYSTEM

    E-print Network

    Meagher, Mary

    Immune System 1 Running Head: IMMUNE SYSTEM Immune System Structure and Function Mary W. Meagher: 979-845-4727 CITATION: Meagher, M. W. (2004). Immune system structure and function. In A. Christensen System 2 Immune System Structure and Function The immune system is engaged in a constant surveillance

  20. The Nervous System Nervous System Functions

    E-print Network

    Brown, Christopher A.

    1 The Nervous System Nervous System Functions The primary functions of the nervous system are...the whole nervous system #12;5 Nervous System Organization Central Nervous System (CNS) Brain Spinal Cord Peripheral Nervous System Somatic NS--receives/sends messages to muscles Autonomic NS

  1. D System

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    D-System is conducting research into program analysis, code generation, and programming tools for data-parallel languages like High Performance Fortran. If this research is successful, computational scientists and engineers will be able to write machine-independent, data-parallel programs for a broad spectrum of scientific applications, and achieve high performance with these programs on a variety of parallel architectures.

  2. Sonia system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Radenkovic

    1978-01-01

    For use in heating or cooling a building, there is provided a solar energy collecting system which includes a solar energy collecting device comprising a trough having internal surfaces for reflecting the rays of the sun onto solar energy collecting plates positioned in the trough, the internal reflecting walls of the trough and the positioning of the plates therein being

  3. Auditory system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ades, H. W.

    1973-01-01

    The physical correlations of hearing, i.e. the acoustic stimuli, are reported. The auditory system, consisting of external ear, middle ear, inner ear, organ of Corti, basilar membrane, hair cells, inner hair cells, outer hair cells, innervation of hair cells, and transducer mechanisms, is discussed. Both conductive and sensorineural hearing losses are also examined.

  4. Circulatory system

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Katie Hale (CSUF; )

    2007-01-22

    The circulatory system includes the heart, blood vessels, and blood. Arteries take blood with oxygen to our organs; veins bring deoxygenated blood to the heart (to be pumped to the lungs to get oxygen). Arteries and veins bring essential nutrients from digestion (such as glucose) to our tissues as well.

  5. Support Systems

    E-print Network

    Wood, Jody

    2009-04-28

    thesis: SUPORT SYSTEMS Commite: __________________________ Chairperson __________________________ __________________________ Date approved: March 24, 2009 iii Abstract Support... has a double-edged consequence. On one hand it offers anonymity. But the resulting privacy comes at a cost ? it requires emotional distance; that distance is what can make someone fel lonely in a crowded room. A study published in 2006 by American...

  6. Tychonic System

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. Murdin

    2000-01-01

    The world system proposed in 1583 by the Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe (1546-1601). Unable to accept the Copernican doctrine that the Earth moves around the Sun, he put forward the view, later disproved by Kepler (1571-1630), that the planets move around the Sun, but the Sun and Moon move around the Earth. The theory explained the observed variations of the

  7. Digestive System

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Gregory, Michael

    This site contains a section of an online Biology Textbook - developed by Dr. Michael Gregory of Clinton Community College - providing a concise overview of the digestive system. It describes the enzymes, carbohydrates, proteins, and lipids involved in digestion and outlines the role that each part of the body plays from the mouth the large intestine.

  8. Welding system

    SciTech Connect

    Church, J.G.

    1984-07-31

    An electric arc welding gas system utilizing a welding gas comprising a mixture of argon, helium, carbon dioxide and oxygen; electrode currents in the range of 100 to 1100 amperes so as to form electrode metal globules of at least the size of the electrode diameter at the rate of 400 to 1200 globules per second.

  9. Immune System

    EPA Science Inventory

    A properly functioning immune system is essential to good health. It defends the body against infectious agents and in some cases tumor cells. Individuals with immune deficiencies resulting from genetic defects, diseases (e.g., AIDS, leukemia), or drug therapies are more suscepti...

  10. Irrigation System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1984-01-01

    Under contract with Marshall Space Flight Center, Midwest Research Institute compiled a Lubrication Handbook intended as a reference source for designers and manufacturers of aerospace hardware and crews responsible for maintenance of such equipment. Engineers of Lindsay Manufacturing Company learned of this handbook through NASA Tech Briefs and used it for supplemental information in redesigning gear boxes for their center pivot agricultural irrigation system.

  11. Embedded Systems

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The April 2003 issue of ACM Queue, the online magazine of the Association for Computing Machinery, is dedicated to embedded systems. Seven articles are included in the issue, dealing with the design and construction process of embedded devices, programming, and the hardware/software interface.

  12. Multipositronic Systems

    SciTech Connect

    Varga, Kalman

    1999-12-27

    The stability and structure of systems comprising a negative ion and positrons are investigated by the stochastic variational method. It is shown that the H{sup -} and the Li{sup -} ions can bind not only one but two positrons. The binding energies of these double positronic atoms, E(H{sup -} , e{sup +}, e{sup +})=0.57 eV , and E(Li{sup -} , e{sup +}, e{sup +})=0.15 eV are somewhat smaller than those of their single positronic counterparts [E(HPs)=1.06 eV and E(LiPs)=0.32 eV ]. We have also found that two Ps{sup -} 's can form a bound system with a proton. (c) 1999 The American Physical Society.

  13. Surveying System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1988-01-01

    Sunrise Geodetic Surveys are setting up their equipment for a town survey. Their equipment differs from conventional surveying systems that employ transit rod and chain to measure angles and distances. They are using ISTAC Inc.'s Model 2002 positioning system, which offers fast accurate surveying with exceptional signals from orbiting satellites. The special utility of the ISTAC Model 2002 is that it can provide positioning of the highest accuracy from Navstar PPS signals because it requires no knowledge of secret codes. It operates by comparing the frequency and time phase of a Navstar signal arriving at one ISTAC receiver with the reception of the same set of signals by another receiver. Data is computer processed and translated into three dimensional position data - latitude, longitude and elevation.

  14. Burner systems

    DOEpatents

    Doherty, Brian J. (Marblehead, MA)

    1984-07-10

    A burner system particularly useful for downhole deployment includes a tubular combustion chamber unit housed within a tubular coolant jacket assembly. The combustion chamber unit includes a monolithic tube of refractory material whose inner surface defines the combustion zone. A metal reinforcing sleeve surrounds and extends the length of the refractory tube. The inner surface of the coolant jacket assembly and outer surface of the combustion chamber unit are dimensioned so that those surfaces are close to one another in standby condition so that the combustion chamber unit has limited freedom to expand with that expansion being stabilized by the coolant jacket assembly so that compression forces in the refractory tube do not exceed about one-half the safe compressive stress of the material; and the materials of the combustion chamber unit are selected to establish thermal gradient parameters across the combustion chamber unit to maintain the refractory tube in compression during combustion system start up and cool down sequences.

  15. Injection System

    SciTech Connect

    Thomas, J.E.

    1998-06-15

    Felton Medical identified a market need for a handheld portable single shot needleless injection system. This market need was being driven by a global need to eliminate the hazards of medical needle disposal by providing an alternative injection method. Felton Medical brought to this partnership individuals experienced in the research, development, design, assembly, marketing, and servicing of precision animal health medical devices. AlliedSignal provided manufacturing understanding and a facility proficient in product development for small precision mechanical parts and assemblies.

  16. Tychonic System

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Murdin, P.

    2000-11-01

    The world system proposed in 1583 by the Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe (1546-1601). Unable to accept the Copernican doctrine that the Earth moves around the Sun, he put forward the view, later disproved by Kepler (1571-1630), that the planets move around the Sun, but the Sun and Moon move around the Earth. The theory explained the observed variations of the phases of Venus, for which the Ptolemai...

  17. Gasification system

    DOEpatents

    Haldipur, Gaurang B. (Hempfield, PA); Anderson, Richard G. (Penn Hills, PA); Cherish, Peter (Bethel Park, PA)

    1985-01-01

    A method and system for injecting coal and process fluids into a fluidized bed gasification reactor. Three concentric tubes extend vertically upward into the fluidized bed. Coal particulates in a transport gas are injected through an inner tube, and an oxygen rich mixture of oxygen and steam are injected through an inner annulus about the inner tube. A gaseous medium relatively lean in oxygen content, such as steam, is injected through an annulus surrounding the inner annulus.

  18. Gasification system

    DOEpatents

    Haldipur, Gaurang B. (Hempfield, PA); Anderson, Richard G. (Penn Hills, PA); Cherish, Peter (Bethel Park, PA)

    1983-01-01

    A method and system for injecting coal and process fluids into a fluidized bed gasification reactor. Three concentric tubes extend vertically upward into the fluidized bed. Coal particulates in a transport gas are injected through an inner tube, and an oxygen rich mixture of oxygen and steam are injected through an inner annulus about the inner tube. A gaseous medium relatively lean in oxygen content, such as steam, is injected through an annulus surrounding the inner annulus.

  19. Neuroendocrine System

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. C. Hackney

    The physiological systems of the human body are placed under a great deal of stress during the process of exercise training.\\u000a Within elite athletes this stress can be of enormous levels because of the volume and intensity of work they perform in their\\u000a training regimes . When training stress is of an appropriate level then there is a positive adaptation

  20. Copernican System

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Murdin, P.

    2000-11-01

    The heliocentric (i.e. `Sun-centered') theory proposed by the Polish astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543), and published by him in 1543 in his book, De Revolutionibus Orbium Coelestium. In this system Copernicus placed the Sun at the center of the universe and regarded the Earth and the planets as moving around it in circular orbits. Because of his retention of the notion of circular motion...

  1. Braking system

    DOEpatents

    Norgren, D.U.

    1982-09-23

    A balanced braking system comprising a plurality of braking assemblies located about a member to be braked. Each of the braking assemblies consists of a spring biased piston of a first material fitted into a body of a different material which has a greater contraction upon cooling than the piston material. The piston is provided with a recessed head portion over which is positioned a diaphragm and forming a space therebetween to which is connected a pressurized fluid supply. The diaphragm is controlled by the fluid in the space to contact or withdraw from the member to be braked. A cooling means causes the body within which the piston is fitted to contract more than the piston, producing a tight shrink fit therebetween. The braking system is particularly applicable for selectively braking an arbor of an electron microscope which immobilizes, for example, a vertically adjustable low temperature specimen holder during observation. The system provides balanced braking forces which can be easily removed and re-established with minimal disturbance to arbor location.

  2. Multiprocessor system

    SciTech Connect

    Katzman, J.A.; Bartlett, J.F.; Bixler, R.M.; Davidow, W.H.; Despotakis, J.A.; Graziano, P.J.; Green, M.D.; Greig, D.A.; Hayashi, S.J.; Mackie, D.R.

    1987-06-09

    This patent describes an input/output system for a multiprocessor system of the kind in which a plurality of separate processor modules are interconnected for processing, each of the processor modules having a central processing unit and an associated main memory, at least pair of the processor modules each having an input/output channel with each such channel being independent of other such channels, the input/output system comprising: device controller for controlling the transfer of data between the pair of processor modules and a peripheral device, the device controller having multiple ports, with each such port being failure-independent of the other such ports and connected to a respective one of the input/output channels, each port including an enable latch operable in response to a disable command communicated to the port by the associated processor module to disable the port from any further data communication; the device controller including interface logic means responsive to signaling from a one of the processor modules for selecting one of the ports to the exclusion of the other of the ports for data transfers between the peripheral device and the one processor module connected to the selected port through its associated input/output channel; and interprocessor bus means communicating the pair of processor modules to one another for data transfer therebetween; each of processors modules being operable to provide a data communication path to the peripheral device for itself and for the other of the pair of processor modules.

  3. Systemic sclerosis.

    PubMed

    Ng, S C

    1992-04-01

    Systemic Sclerosis is a multisystemic disease characterized by sclerosis of the skin and visceral organs, vasculopathy (Raynaud's phenomenon) and autoantibodies. The criteria for the classification of the disease requires either proximal scleroderma (major criteria) or the presence of 2 of the 3 minor features namely sclerodactyly, digital pitting scars and bibasilar pulmonary fibrosis. There are 3 subsets of this condition--diffuse variant, limited variant (CREST syndrome) and Overlap Syndrome (where patients have features of other rheumatic diseases). There are localized forms of scleroderma and pseudoscleroderma states. The presenting features of Systemic Sclerosis are usually Raynaud's, skin changes and arthralgia. Systemic complaints like breathlessness, dyspepsia, etc depending on the organ involved may be present. Management starts with patient education regarding the disease, skin care, exercises and regular medical check-up. There is no miracle cure but much can be done to improve the quality of life of the patient. Nifedepine and other drugs may improve Raynaud's phenomenon. Drugs can be used to treat other complications. Various medication have been tested as disease modifying drugs for scleroderma. These include drugs which inhibit collagen like D-penicillamine, colchicine, and immunosupressive drugs like cyclosporin. Ketotifen, a mast cell stabilizer has been reported to be effective in scleroderma. As it is a relatively safe drug, clinical trials are underway. PMID:1621127

  4. Technological Issues and High Gradient Test Results on X-Band Molybdenum Accelerating Structures

    SciTech Connect

    Spataro, B.; /LNF, Dafne Light; Alesini, D.; /LNF, Dafne Light; Chimenti, V.; /LNF, Dafne Light; Dolgashev, V.; /SLAC; Haase, A.; /SLAC; Tantawi, S.G.; /SLAC; Higashi, Y.; /KEK, Tsukuba; Marrelli, C.; /Rome U.; Mostacci, A.; /Rome U.; Parodi, R.; /INFN, Genoa; Yeremian, A.D.; /SLAC

    2012-04-24

    Two 11.424 GHz single cell standing wave accelerating structures have been fabricated for high gradient RF breakdown studies. Both are brazed structures: one made from copper and the other from sintered molybdenum bulk. The tests results are presented and compared to those of similar devices constructed at SLAC (Stanford Linear Accelerator Center) and KEK (Ko Enerugi Kasokuki Kenkyu Kiko). The technological issues to build both sections are discussed.

  5. Lightning protection decision system (an expert system)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. Sivakumar; H. B. Aravind; T. L. Muralidharan; G. V. Suryakumar

    1989-01-01

    Expert systems are fast becoming the leading branch of artificial intelligence technology. An expert system tool, ‘The Deciding Factor’, was investigated for use in building a Lightning protection decision system, an expert system for structures. The system described in this paper is a diagnostic expert system, developed for IBM PCs. There are a number of factors affecting the risk of

  6. ESMDIS: Earth System Model Data Information System

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yuechen Chi; Carlos R. Mechoso; Michael Stonebraker; Keith Sklower; Richard Troy; Richard R. Muntz; Edmond Mesrobian

    1997-01-01

    The goal of the development of the Earth System Model Data Information System (ESMDIS) are to provide Earth scientists with: 1) an output management system of Earth System Model (ESM) to browse the metadata and retrieve a desired subset of ESM output; 2) an analysis system of ESM output and other related datasets; 3) an automated pipelining system for ESM

  7. Well system

    SciTech Connect

    Thurman, R. L.; Williamson Jr., J. R.

    1985-03-05

    Disclosed is a well system, particularly adapted to pumpdown operation in which lowering an easily retrievable tool string, including an improved standing valve, into an improved foot valve opens the foot valve for production flow. The standing valve prevents flow into the producing formation when the foot valve is open. Lifting the tool string from the foot valve closes the foot valve to protect the producing formation when the tool string is retrieved. Means are provided retaining the foot valve in open or closed positions. Provisions are made for pumping into the formation around both the standing valve and foot valve when closed.

  8. Relaxation System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1987-01-01

    Environ Corporation's relaxation system is built around a body lounge, a kind of super easy chair that incorporates sensory devices. Computer controlled enclosure provides filtered ionized air to create a feeling of invigoration, enhanced by mood changing aromas. Occupant is also surrounded by multidimensional audio and the lighting is programmed to change colors, patterns, and intensity periodically. These and other sensory stimulators are designed to provide an environment in which the learning process is stimulated, because research has proven that while an individual is in a deep state of relaxation, the mind is more receptive to new information.

  9. Bearing system

    DOEpatents

    Kapich, Davorin D. (Carlsbad, CA)

    1987-01-01

    A bearing system includes backup bearings for supporting a rotating shaft upon failure of primary bearings. In the preferred embodiment, the backup bearings are rolling element bearings having their rolling elements disposed out of contact with their associated respective inner races during normal functioning of the primary bearings. Displacement detection sensors are provided for detecting displacement of the shaft upon failure of the primary bearings. Upon detection of the failure of the primary bearings, the rolling elements and inner races of the backup bearings are brought into mutual contact by axial displacement of the shaft.

  10. Balance System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1988-01-01

    TherEx Inc.'s AT-1 Computerized Ataxiameter precisely evaluates posture and balance disturbances that commonly accompany neurological and musculoskeletal disorders. Complete system includes two-strain gauged footplates, signal conditioning circuitry, a computer monitor, printer and a stand-alone tiltable balance platform. AT-1 serves as assessment tool, treatment monitor, and rehabilitation training device. It allows clinician to document quantitatively the outcome of treatment and analyze data over time to develop outcome standards for several classifications of patients. It can evaluate specifically the effects of surgery, drug treatment, physical therapy or prosthetic devices.

  11. Sterilization System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1990-01-01

    Cox Sterile Products, Inc.'s Rapid Heat Transfer Sterilizer employs a heat exchange process that induces rapid air movement; the air becomes the heat transfer medium, maintaining a uniform temperature of 375 degrees Fahrenheit. It features pushbutton controls for three timing cycles for different instrument loads, a six-minute cycle for standard unpackaged instruments, eight minutes for certain specialized dental/medical instruments and 12 minutes for packaged instruments which can then be stored in a drawer in sterile condition. System will stay at 375 degrees all day. Continuous operation is not expensive because of the sterilizer's very low power requirements.

  12. Purification system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Flanagan, David T. (inventor); Gibbons, Randall E. (inventor)

    1992-01-01

    A system for prolonging the life of a granulated activated charcoal (GAC) water treatment device is disclosed in which an ultraviolet light transparent material is used to constrain water to flow over carbon surfaces. It is configured to receive maximum flux from a UV radiation source for the purpose of preventing microbial proliferation on the carbon surfaces; oxidizing organic contaminants adsorbed from the water onto the carbon surfaces and from biodegradation of adsorbed microbial forms; disinfecting water; and oxidizing organic contaminants in the water.

  13. Solar System

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    National Science Teachers Association (NSTA)

    2005-04-01

    NASA is charting a bold new course into the cosmos, a journey that will take humans back to the Moon, and eventually to Mars and beyond. Exploration of the solar system and beyond will be guided by compelling questions of scientific and societal importance. NASA exploration programs will seek profound answers to questions about the origins of our solar system, whether life exists beyond Earth, and how we could live on other worlds. The NASA Vision for space exploration calls for a combination of human and robotic missions to achieve new exploration goals. Robotic missions to the Moon will be followed by an extended human expedition as early as 2015. Lunar exploration will lay the groundwork for future exploration of Mars and other destinations. A new spacecraft to support these journeys--the Crew Exploration Vehicle--will be tested before the end of this decade. Space exploration holds a special place in the human imagination. Youth are especially drawn to Mars rovers, astronauts, and telescopes. If used effectively and creatively, space can inspire children to seek careers in math, science, and engineering. Exploration and discovery are key agents of growth in society--technologically, economically, socially, internationally, and intellectually. This module is a first step in engaging today's youth in space exploration and serves as an invitation to participate in the excitement of discovery.

  14. Solar System!

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2014-09-18

    An introduction to our solar system—the planets, our Sun and Moon. To begin, students learn about the history and engineering of space travel. They make simple rockets to acquire a basic understanding Newton's third law of motion. They explore energy transfer concepts and use renewable solar energy for cooking. They see how engineers design tools, equipment and spacecraft to go where it is too far and too dangerous for humans. They explore the Earth's water cycle, and gravity as applied to orbiting bodies. They learn the steps of the design process as they create their own models of planetary rovers made of edible parts. Students conduct experiments to examine soil for signs of life, and explore orbit transfers. While studying about the International Space Station, they investigate the realities of living in space. Activities explore low gravity on human muscles, eating in microgravity, and satellite tracking. Finally, students learn about the context of our solar system—the universe—as they learn about the Hubble Space Telescope, celestial navigation and spectroscopy.

  15. Space Station propulsion system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Henderson, J.

    1990-01-01

    Viewgraphs on space station propulsion systems are presented. Topics covered include: space station propulsion system requirements; space station propulsion system design; space station propulsion system drivers; hydrazine technology development; waste fluid disposal system; space station propulsion system evolution; propellant selection trade study; technology needs to water electrolysis/oxygen-hydrogen propulsion system; and technology needs for bipropellant systems.

  16. Computer Systems Administrator

    E-print Network

    Computer Systems Administrator Fort Collins, CO POSITION A Computer Systems Administrator (Non activities. RESPONSIBILITIES The System Administrator will provide Unix/Linux, Windows computer system or computer science, and three years computer systems administration experience. DURATION The work is planned

  17. Prosthetic Knee Systems

    MedlinePLUS

    ... of fluid control systems — pneumatic (using air) and hydraulic (using fluid). Pneumatic control. These systems: compress air ... control than friction systems are less effective than hydraulic systems. Hydraulic control. These systems: use liquid (usually ...

  18. Power systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kaplan, G.

    1982-01-01

    Significant events in current, prototype, and experimental utility power generating systems in 1981 are reviewed. The acceleration of licensing and the renewal of plans for reprocessing of fuel for nuclear power plants are discussed, including the rise of French reactor-produced electricity to over 40% of the country's electrical output. A 4.5 MW fuel cell neared completion in New York City, while three 2.5 MW NASA-designed windpowered generators began producing power in the state of Washington. Static bar compensators, nonflammable-liquid cooled power transformers, and ZnO surge arrestors were used by utilities for the first time, and the integration of a coal gasifier-combined cycle power plant approached the planning phase. An MHD generator was run for 1000 hours and produced 50-60 kWe, while a 20 MVA superconducting generator was readied for testing.

  19. Skeletal System

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2014-09-18

    Through this unit, written for an honors anatomy and physiology class, students become familiar with the human skeletal system and answer the Challenge Question: When you get home from school, your mother grabs you, and you race to the hospital. Your grandmother fell and was rushed to the emergency room. The doctor tells your family your grandmother has a fractured hip, and she is referring her to an orthopedic specialist. The orthopedic doctor decides to perform a DEXA scan. The result show her BMD is -3.3. What would be a probable diagnosis to her condition? What are some possible causes of her condition? Should her daughter and granddaughter be worried about this condition, and if so, what are measures they could take to prevent this from happening to them?

  20. Transfer system

    DOEpatents

    Kurosawa, Kanji (Tokyo, JP); Koga, Bunichiro (Miyagi, JP); Ito, Hideki (Miyagi, JP); Kiriyama, Shigeru (Miyagi, JP); Higuchi, Shizuo (Kanagawa, JP)

    2003-05-20

    A transport system includes a traveling rail (1) which constitutes a transport route and a transport body (3) which is capable of traveling on the traveling rail in the longitudinal direction of the traveling rail. Flexible drive tubes (5) are arranged on the traveling rail in the longitudinal direction of the traveling rail. The transport body includes a traveling wheel (4) which is capable of rolling on the traveling rail and drive wheels (2) which are capable of rolling on the drive tubes upon receiving the rotational drive power generated by pressure of a pressure medium supplied to the drive tubes while depressing the drive tubes. The traveling rail includes a plurality of transport sections and the transport body is capable of receiving a rotational drive force from the drive tubes at every transport sections. If necessary, a transport route changeover switch which changes over the transport route can be provided between the transport sections.

  1. Turbocompound system

    SciTech Connect

    Fox, L.D.

    1986-05-06

    A turbocompound system is described for improving the performance of an internal combustion engine without substantially increasing an end viewed profile of the engine to which it is mounted in use. The system consists of: (a) an exhaust driven turbocharger means having an exhaust manifold means extending in an axial direction for collecting exhaust gases from engine cylinders and delivering the gases to an outlet end thereof, exhaust turbine means for extracting energy from the exhaust gases, the exhaust turbine means being provided with an inlet connected to the outlet end of the manifold and an outlet for discharging the exhaust gases, compressor means coupled to the exhaust turbine means for providing a supply of charge air under pressure to an air outlet thereof for delivery to air intake means of an internal combustion engine in use; (b) a power turbine means for extracting additional energy from the exhaust gases, the power turbine means having an intake connected to the outlet of the exhaust turbine means, and mounting means on a side of the power turbine means facing in a direction parallel to the axial direction of the exhaust manifold means that is constructed for being mounted, in use, on an end of an engine adjacent one end of a crankshaft of the engine; and (c) coupling means connected to the power turbine means for transferring mechanical energy produced by the power turbine means, the coupling means extending from the power turbine means to a power take-off end in a direction parallel to the axial length of the exhaust manifold means by an amount that is sufficient for enabling the power take-off end to be connected, in use, to an opposite end of the engine crankshaft from the one end thereof in a manner for transferring the mechanical energy produced by the power turbine means adjacent the one end of the crankshaft to the opposite end of the crankshaft without having to pass therethrough.

  2. Wireless Communications Systems, I Cellular Telephone System

    E-print Network

    Cetiner, Bedri A.

    Standards 2nd Generation Digital Systems, 2G 1990: Global System for Mobile Comms (GSM) (66% of world at 1.9 GHz for cellular systems IS-95b, IS-95 was modified to provide data services GSM with dataWireless Communications Systems, I · Cellular Telephone System ­ US AMPS: Tx: 869-894 MHz, Rx: 824

  3. Artificial Immune Systems 209 Artificial Immune Systems

    E-print Network

    Timmis, Jon

    Artificial Immune Systems 209 Chapter XI Artificial Immune Systems: Using the Immune System, Idea Group Publishing. The immune system is highly distributed, highly adaptive, self encounters. From a computational view- point, the immune system has much to offer by way of inspiration

  4. Elec 331 -Nervous System Nervous System

    E-print Network

    Pulfrey, David L.

    Elec 331 - Nervous System 1 Nervous System · Central Nervous System ­ Brain ­ Spinal Chord · Peripheral Nervous System ­ "Conductive" network between CNS & organs ­ Neurones · Individual cells · May act Flow of Information neurone #12;Elec 331 - Nervous System 2 Cell States · Resting Potential (Vc = -70m

  5. Intelligent Engine Systems: Bearing System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Singh, Arnant P.

    2008-01-01

    The overall requirements necessary for sensing bearing distress and the related criteria to select a particular rotating sensor were established during the phase I. The current phase II efforts performed studies to evaluate the Robustness and Durability Enhancement of the rotating sensors, and to design, and develop the Built-in Telemetry System concepts for an aircraft engine differential sump. A generic test vehicle that can test the proposed bearing diagnostic system was designed, developed, and built. The Timken Company, who also assisted with testing the GE concept of using rotating sensors for the differential bearing diagnostics during previous phase, was selected as a subcontractor to assist General Electric (GE) for the design, and procurement of the test vehicle. A purchase order was prepared to define the different sub-tasks, and deliverables for this task. The University of Akron was selected to provide the necessary support for installing, and integrating the test vehicle with their newly designed test facility capable of simulating the operating environment for the planned testing. The planned testing with good and damaged bearings will be on hold pending further continuation of this effort during next phase.

  6. System architecture of offshore oil production systems

    E-print Network

    Keller, James (James Thomas)

    2008-01-01

    This thesis presents an approach to applying Systems Architecture methods to the development of large, complex, commercial systems, particularly offshore oil and gas productions systems. The aim of this research was to ...

  7. Separation system

    DOEpatents

    Rubin, Leslie S. (Newton, MA)

    1986-01-01

    A separation system for dewatering radioactive waste materials includes a disposal container, drive structure for receiving the container, and means for releasably attaching the container to the drive structure. Separation structure disposed in the container adjacent the inner surface of the side wall structure retains solids while allowing passage of liquids. Inlet port structure in the container top wall is normally closed by first valve structure that is centrifugally actuated to open the inlet port and discharge port structure at the container periphery receives liquid that passes through the separation structure and is normally closed by second valve structure that is centrifugally actuated to open the discharge ports. The container also includes coupling structure for releasable engagement with the centrifugal drive structure. Centrifugal force produced when the container is driven in rotation by the drive structure opens the valve structures, and radioactive waste material introduced into the container through the open inlet port is dewatered, and the waste is compacted. The ports are automatically closed by the valves when the container drum is not subjected to centrifugal force such that containment effectiveness is enhanced and exposure of personnel to radioactive materials is minimized.

  8. Integrated Nanofluidic Systems for Systems Biotechnology

    E-print Network

    Fisher, Frank

    Integrated Nanofluidic Systems for Systems Biotechnology Wednesday October 28 2009 Burchard 118, 11 in prestigious journals including Science and Nature Biotechnology. Hong's research interests include Bio

  9. perovskite system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Lin; Nagai, Takaya; Ishido, Tomoki; Motai, Satoko; Fujino, Kiyoshi; Itoh, Shoichi

    2014-06-01

    Experiments using laser-heated diamond anvil cells combined with synchrotron X-ray diffraction and SEM-EDS chemical analyses have confirmed the existence of a complete solid solution in the MgSiO3-MnSiO3 perovskite system at high pressure and high temperature. The (Mg, Mn)SiO3 perovskite produced is orthorhombic, and a linear relationship between the unit cell parameters of this perovskite and the proportion of MnSiO3 components incorporated seems to obey Vegard's rule at about 50 GPa. The orthorhombic distortion, judged from the axial ratios of a/ b and monotonically decreases from MgSiO3 to MnSiO3 perovskite at about 50 GPa. The orthorhombic distortion in (Mg0.5, Mn0.5)SiO3 perovskite is almost unchanged with increasing pressure from 30 to 50 GPa. On the other hand, that distortion in (Mg0.9, Mn0.1)SiO3 perovskite increases with pressure. (Mg, Mn)SiO3 perovskite incorporating less than 10 mol% of MnSiO3 component is quenchable. A value of the bulk modulus of 256(2) GPa with a fixed first pressure derivative of four is obtained for (Mg0.9, Mn0.1)SiO3. MnSiO3 is the first chemical component confirmed to form a complete solid solution with MgSiO3 perovskite at the P- T conditions present in the lower mantle.

  10. Weakened Immune Systems

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Immunizations > Weakened Immune Systems Safety & Prevention Listen Weakened Immune Systems Article Body Some children have weakened immune systems because of chronic diseases or medications they’re ...

  11. Complex System Classification

    E-print Network

    Magee, Christopher

    2004-07-24

    The use of terms such as “Engineering Systems”, “System of systems” and others have been coming into greater use over the past decade to denote systems of importance but with implied higher complexity than for the term ...

  12. Mechanical systems: A compilation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1975-01-01

    A compilation of several mechanized systems is presented. The articles are contained in three sections: robotics, industrial mechanical systems, including several on linear and rotary systems and lastly mechanical control systems, such as brakes and clutches.

  13. Multiple System Atrophy

    MedlinePLUS

    NINDS Multiple System Atrophy Information Page Condensed from Multiple System Atrophy Fact Sheet Table of Contents (click to jump to sections) ... being done? Clinical Trials Organizations What is Multiple System Atrophy? Multiple system atrophy (MSA) is a progressive ...

  14. The V distributed system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David R. Cheriton

    1988-01-01

    The V distributed System was developed at Stanford University as part of a research project to explore issues in distributed systems. Aspects of the design suggest important directions for the design of future operating systems and communication systems.

  15. The Solar System

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    kathrynbyers

    2012-04-05

    What are the parts of our solar system? Let's learn about the parts of our Solar System! First, use the Solar System Chart Now read the Introduction to the Solar System and begin filling out the Solar System Chart by listing one fact for each planet. Now watch the Video 1 on the Solar System and fill out one characteristic about each planet in our Solar System. Now read the Facts about the Solar System and find ...

  16. Control and dynamic systems

    SciTech Connect

    Leondes, C.T. (Washington Univ., Seattle, WA (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering)

    1991-01-01

    This book covers analysis and control system techniques for electric power systems. Topics include: concurrent processing in power system analysis, power system protection, voltage collapse, reliability techniques in large electric power systems, optimization in hydroelectric systems, and linear programming methods for optimal energy plant operation.

  17. Universal Dynamical Systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David H. Carlson

    1972-01-01

    This paper is concerned with the problem of finding a universal dynamical system for all dynamical systems on separable metric spaces. Special care is given to exhibit a universal dynamical system which was used to motivate the definition of a dynamical system. We establish that this class of dynamical systems is topologically as narrow as a system describable by a

  18. Systems Science Harder House

    E-print Network

    Systems Science Harder House 1604 SW 10th Avenue 503-725-4960 www.sysc.pdx.edu/ M.S. Ph.D. Systems, cybernetics, operations research, systems dynamics, systems engineering, and systems analysis. The core.D. in systems science. Core option: The student pursues interdisciplinary studies with a strong emphasis

  19. On Systemic Destruction of Human Locomotor System

    E-print Network

    Medjanik, Zoja; Popov, Sergiy

    2013-01-01

    Locomotor system disorders affect a vast majority of people at some time in their life bringing pain, functional limitations, social and economic implications. Modern medicine cannot offer prevention and effective treatment for most chronic musculoskeletal conditions, because their etiology and pathogenesis are unknown. This is due to the lack of systemic understanding of the locomotor system functioning in both healthy and unhealthy states. Here we apply systems sciences to analyze the human locomotor system and develop a general theory that reveals the systemic destructive process in the locomotor system, linking together all its disorders. The systemic destruction involves adaptation and self-organization processes in the locomotor system, whose side effects introduce a positive feedback loop with nervous and vascular disturbances. Most chronic musculoskeletal conditions are just manifestations and consequences of this process. On the basis of our theoretical findings, we developed the world's first techno...

  20. System Software Framework for System of Systems Avionics

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ferguson, Roscoe C.; Peterson, Benjamin L; Thompson, Hiram C.

    2005-01-01

    Project Constellation implements NASA's vision for space exploration to expand human presence in our solar system. The engineering focus of this project is developing a system of systems architecture. This architecture allows for the incremental development of the overall program. Systems can be built and connected in a "Lego style" manner to generate configurations supporting various mission objectives. The development of the avionics or control systems of such a massive project will result in concurrent engineering. Also, each system will have software and the need to communicate with other (possibly heterogeneous) systems. Fortunately, this design problem has already been solved during the creation and evolution of systems such as the Internet and the Department of Defense's successful effort to standardize distributed simulation (now IEEE 1516). The solution relies on the use of a standard layered software framework and a communication protocol. A standard framework and communication protocol is suggested for the development and maintenance of Project Constellation systems. The ARINC 653 standard is a great start for such a common software framework. This paper proposes a common system software framework that uses the Real Time Publish/Subscribe protocol for framework-to-framework communication to extend ARINC 653. It is highly recommended that such a framework be established before development. This is important for the success of concurrent engineering. The framework provides an infrastructure for general system services and is designed for flexibility to support a spiral development effort.

  1. March 23, 2008 Databases: Information Systems 1 Information Systems

    E-print Network

    Adam, Salah

    + Evolution of Information Systems + Information System Management + Performance Requirements of ISs + #12: Transaction processing systems. 1960s: Management information systems. Office automation systems. 1970s Systems Management ... The most important roles of an information system in an organization are to

  2. Freedom System Text and Graphics System (TAGS)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1989-01-01

    The Text and Graphics System (TAGS) is a high-resolution facsimile system that scans text or graphics material and converts the analog SCAN data into serial digital data. This video shows the TAGS in operation.

  3. Influence strategies for systems of systems

    E-print Network

    Shah, Nirav Bharat, 1979-

    2013-01-01

    Distributed decision making has been identified as a source of managerial complexity for leaders of systems of systems (SoS). A new framework, AIR (Anticipation-Influence-Reaction), is proposed to capture the feedback ...

  4. Biometric System Security Systems and Computer Engineering

    E-print Network

    Adler, Andy

    on system vulnerabilities which are a consequence of this core biometric chal- lenge. Since biometric in detail. Maltoni et al. [27], classify biometric system vulnerabilities as follows: #12;· Circumvention). Such vulnerabilities bypass the computer security system, since the biometric features are legitimate. It may

  5. Liberating Systems Theory: Toward Critical Systems Thinking

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. L. Flood

    1990-01-01

    This article contains an exploration of a number of the many interpretations of its title Liberating Systems Theory. It is in fact a point of reflection on the way to realizing Critical Systems Thinking. Particular points of focus are critical theory integrated to practice in systems \\

  6. Intelligent tutoring systems for systems engineering methodologies

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Meyer, Richard J.; Toland, Joel; Decker, Louis

    1991-01-01

    The general goal is to provide the technology required to build systems that can provide intelligent tutoring in IDEF (Integrated Computer Aided Manufacturing Definition Method) modeling. The following subject areas are covered: intelligent tutoring systems for systems analysis methodologies; IDEF tutor architecture and components; developing cognitive skills for IDEF modeling; experimental software; and PC based prototype.

  7. LRRB Pavement Management Systems Pavement Management Systems

    E-print Network

    Minnesota, University of

    LRRB Pavement Management Systems Pavement Management Systems Presented by: Michael Marti SRF devoted to local road research § Research is: · Managed by the LRRB · Conducted by DOT, U of M, Mn for implementing and monitoring research results (RIC) #12;LRRB Pavement Management Systems LRRB Structure LRRB

  8. General Systems Theory and Instructional Systems Design.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Salisbury, David F.

    1990-01-01

    Describes basic concepts in the field of general systems theory (GST) and identifies commonalities that exist between GST and instructional systems design (ISD). Models and diagrams that depict system elements in ISD are presented, and two matrices that show how GST has been used in ISD literature are included. (11 references) (LRW)

  9. ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT DATA SYSTEMS: SYSTEMS OVERVIEW MANUAL

    EPA Science Inventory

    The report is a systems overview manual and technical reference guide for the Environmental Assessment Data Systems (EADS), a group of related computerized data bases which describe multimedia discharges from energy systems and industrial processes. The EADS have been designed to...

  10. System Design of the SWRL Financial System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ikeda, Masumi

    To produce various management and accounting reports in order to maintain control of SWRL (Southwest Regional Laboratory) operational and financial activities, a computer-based SWRL financial system was developed. The system design is outlined, and various types of system inputs described. The kinds of management and accounting reports generated…

  11. Communication Systems Chair of Communication Systems

    E-print Network

    Schindelhauer, Christian

    of GSM overview ­ GSM interfaces ­ GSM network components Mobile switching center,visitor location;3 | 36 Communication Systems GSM interfaces and components #12;4 | 36 Communication Systems GSM (HLR) #12;5 | 36 Communication Systems GSM interfaces and components The several MSC

  12. Heliostat Beam Characterization System

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. D. Thalhammer; G. S. Phipps

    1979-01-01

    The Beam Characterization System utilizes video radiometer techniques to quantitatively describe the solar energy projected by a heliostat. This system is designed to evaluate prototype heliostats and to improve the performance of the Central Receiver Test Facility heliostats. The system consists of a beam target, video camera, analog image analyzer, calibration system, video digitizer and a minicomputer system. The calibration

  13. Collaborative Systems Testing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pocatilu, Paul; Ciurea, Cristian

    2009-01-01

    Collaborative systems are widely used today in various activity fields. Their complexity is high and the development involves numerous resources and costs. Testing collaborative systems has a very important role for the systems' success. In this paper we present taxonomy of collaborative systems. The collaborative systems are classified in many…

  14. integration division Human Systems

    E-print Network

    integration division Human Systems Exploration of Human Systems Integration Issues in Next to understand potential human performance and human- system interactions issues related to NextGen concepts together as a single system. We accomplish this by exploring human-system interaction issues in a high

  15. Energy Systems Design

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1986-01-01

    PRESTO, a COSMIC program, handles energy system specifications and predicts design efficiency of cogeneration systems. These systems allow a company to use excess energy produced to generate electricity. PRESTO is utilized by the Energy Systems Division of Thermo Electron Corporation in the custom design of cogeneration systems.

  16. Carburetion system for engines

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1987-01-01

    An improved carburetion system is described for spark-ignited, gaseous fueled engines having an intake system and an exhaust system, the carburetion system comprising: a fuel and air mixer having an outlet for connection to the intake system; pressure regulated fuel supply means connected to the mixer; air supply means connected to the mixer; first valve means in the air supply

  17. Immune System 101

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Body : Immune System 101 Translate Text Size Print Immune System 101 How does your immune system work? Your immune system works because your body ... tactics to destroy it. Major Players of the Immune System Lymph nodes (also called "lymph glands"): These small, ...

  18. Heliospheric coordinate systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Fränz; D. Harper

    2002-01-01

    This article gives an overview and reference to the most common coordinate systems currently used in space science. While coordinate systems used in near-Earth space physics have been described in previous work we extend that description to systems used for physical observations of the Sun and the planets and to systems based on spacecraft location. For all systems, we define

  19. DDL system: Design systhesis of digital systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Shiva, S. G.

    1983-01-01

    Digital Systems Design Language was integrated into the CADAT system environment of NASA-MSFC. The major technical aspects of this integration are summarized. Automatic hardware synthesis is now possible starting with a high level description of the system to be synthesized. The DDL system provides a high level design verification capability, thereby minimizing design changes in the later stages of the design cycle. An overview of the DDL system covering the translation, simulation and synthesis capabilities is provided. Two companion documents (the user's and programmer's manuals) are to be consulted for detailed discussions.

  20. Microwave landing system autoland system analysis

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Feather, J. B.; Craven, B. K.

    1991-01-01

    The objective was to investigate the ability of present day aircraft equipped with automatic flight control systems to fly advanced Microwave Landing Systems (MLS) approaches. The tactical approach used to achieve this objective included reviewing the design and autoland operation of the MD-80 aircraft, simulating the MLS approaches using a batch computer program, and assessing the performance of the autoland system from computer generated data. The results showed changes were required to present Instrument Landing System (ILS) procedures to accommodate the new MLS curved paths. It was also shown that in some cases, changes to the digital flight guidance systems would be required so that an autoland could be performed.

  1. Lighting system with thermal management system

    DOEpatents

    Arik, Mehmet; Weaver, Stanton; Stecher, Thomas; Seeley, Charles; Kuenzler, Glenn; Wolfe, Jr., Charles; Utturkar, Yogen; Sharma, Rajdeep; Prabhakaran, Satish; Icoz, Tunc

    2013-05-07

    Lighting systems having unique configurations are provided. For instance, the lighting system may include a light source, a thermal management system and driver electronics, each contained within a housing structure. The light source is configured to provide illumination visible through an opening in the housing structure. The thermal management system is configured to provide an air flow, such as a unidirectional air flow, through the housing structure in order to cool the light source. The driver electronics are configured to provide power to each of the light source and the thermal management system.

  2. Levonorgestrel Intrauterine System

    MedlinePLUS

    Levonorgestrel intrauterine system (Mirena, Skyla) is used to prevent pregnancy. The manufacturer states that Mirena brand intrauterine system ... in a class of medications called hormonal contraceptives. Levonorgestrel intrauterine system works by thinning the lining of the ...

  3. Wind energy systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Stewart, H. J.

    1978-01-01

    A discussion on wind energy systems involved with the DOE wind energy program is presented. Some of the problems associated with wind energy systems are discussed. The cost, efficiency, and structural design of wind energy systems are analyzed.

  4. Female Reproductive System

    MedlinePLUS

    ... egg or sperm. Continue Components of the Female Reproductive System Unlike the male, the human female has a ... estrogen and progesterone. Back Continue What the Female Reproductive System Does The female reproductive system enables a woman ...

  5. Female Reproductive System

    MedlinePLUS

    ... female reproductive systems. Continue What Is the Female Reproductive System? Most species have two sexes: male and female. ... reason other than pregnancy. Infections of the Female Reproductive System Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) . Also called sexually transmitted ...

  6. Lesson 44: Nonlinear Systems

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2011-01-01

    Using a cost/revenue application problem, the lesson begins with systems involving quadratic equations. Systems with conics are introduced next along with the elimination method for solving these systems.

  7. Electric flight systems, overview

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cronin, M. J.

    1982-01-01

    Materials illustrating a presentation on electric flight systems are presented. Fuel consumption, the power plant assembly, flight control technology, electromechanical actuator systems and components of possible power systems are surveyed.

  8. Unlocking the Endocrine System

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Integrated Teaching and Learning Program,

    Students learn how the endocrine system works and compare it to the mail delivery system. Students discuss the importance of communication in human body systems and relate that to engineering and astronauts.

  9. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

    MedlinePLUS

    ... an autoimmune disorder, meaning that a person's own immune system attacks his or her own healthy cells and tissues, causing inflammation and damage. Because systemic lupus erythematosus can affect any organ system, no two people have identical ...

  10. Autonomic Nervous System Disorders

    MedlinePLUS

    Your autonomic nervous system is the part of your nervous system that controls involuntary actions, such as the beating of your heart ... breathing and swallowing Erectile dysfunction in men Autonomic nervous system disorders can occur alone or as the result ...

  11. JUDICIAL SYSTEM NORTH CAROLINA

    E-print Network

    Shamos, Michael I.

    THE JUDICIAL SYSTEM IN NORTH CAROLINA ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICE OF THE COURTS Raleigh, North Carolina #12;THE JUDICIAL SYSTEM IN NORTH CAROLINA ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICE OF THE COURTS Raleigh, North Carolina / 2007 #12;Contents The North Carolina Court System............................... 3 The Appellate

  12. TWRSview system requirements specification

    SciTech Connect

    Caldwell, J.A.; Lee, A.K.

    1995-12-01

    This document provides the system requirements specification for the TWRSview software system. The TWRSview software system is being developed to integrate electronic data supporting the development of the TWRS technical baseline

  13. Alternative Videodisc Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heath, Ted

    1981-01-01

    Discusses consumer and industrial videodisc systems for information storage including cost, technology utilized, formats, and features. Reflective and transmissive laser optical systems are described, as well as the grooved and grooveless mechanical systems. Tables containing product data are included. (JJD)

  14. Air cushion landing system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Boghami, K. M.; Captain, K. M.; Fish, R. B.

    1978-01-01

    Static and dynamic performance of air cushion landing system is simulated in computer program that treats four primary ACLS subsystems: fan, feeding system, trunk, and cushion. Configuration of systems is sufficiently general to represent variety of practical designs.

  15. What Are Expert Systems?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    d'Agapeyeff, A.

    1986-01-01

    Intended for potential business users, this paper describes the main characteristics of expert systems; discusses practical use considerations; presents a taxonomy of the systems; and reviews several expert system development projects in business and industry. (MBR)

  16. Propulsion Systems Panel deliberations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bianca, Carmelo J.; Miner, Robert; Johnston, Lawrence M.; Bruce, R.; Dennies, Daniel P.; Dickenson, W.; Dreshfield, Robert; Karakulko, Walt; Mcgaw, Mike; Munafo, Paul M.

    1993-01-01

    The Propulsion Systems Panel was established because of the specialized nature of many of the materials and structures technology issues related to propulsion systems. This panel was co-chaired by Carmelo Bianca, MSFC, and Bob Miner, LeRC. Because of the diverse range of missions anticipated for the Space Transportation program, three distinct propulsion system types were identified in the workshop planning process: liquid propulsion systems, solid propulsion systems and nuclear electric/nuclear thermal propulsion systems.

  17. The Solar System

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Ms. Smithson

    2009-07-07

    Identify basic components of our solar system, including the sun, planets, and Earth's moon. We have just learned about the Solar System. Click here to watch an informational overview of the Solar System: Overview of the Solar System.. The planets in our Solar System are: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, Pluto. Every planet in our Solar System revolves around the sun. The sun provides the energy ...

  18. System status display information

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Summers, L. G.; Erickson, J. B.

    1984-01-01

    The system Status Display is an electronic display system which provides the flight crew with enhanced capabilities for monitoring and managing aircraft systems. Guidelines for the design of the electronic system displays were established. The technical approach involved the application of a system engineering approach to the design of candidate displays and the evaluation of a Hernative concepts by part-task simulation. The system engineering and selection of candidate displays are covered.

  19. Umbra's system representation.

    SciTech Connect

    McDonald, Michael James

    2005-07-01

    This document describes the Umbra System representation. Umbra System representation, initially developed in the spring of 2003, is implemented in Incr/Tcl using concepts borrowed from Carnegie Mellon University's Architecture Description Language (ADL) called Acme. In the spring of 2004 through January 2005, System was converted to Umbra 4, extended slightly, and adopted as the underlying software system for a variety of Umbra applications that support Complex Systems Engineering (CSE) and Complex Adaptive Systems Engineering (CASE). System is now a standard part Of Umbra 4. While Umbra 4 also includes an XML parser for System, the XML parser and Schema are not described in this document.

  20. Lightside Atmospheric Revitalization System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Colling, A. K.; Cushman, R. J.; Hultman, M. M.; Nason, J. R.

    1980-01-01

    The system was studied as a replacement to the present baseline LiOH system for extended duration shuttle missions. The system consists of three subsystems: a solid amine water desorbed regenerable carbon dioxide removal system, a water vapor electrolysis oxygen generating system, and a Sabatier reactor carbon dioxide reduction system. The system is designed for use on a solar powered shuttle vehicle. The majority of the system's power requirements are utilized on the Sun side of each orbit, when solar power is available.

  1. Control system design method

    DOEpatents

    Wilson, David G. (Tijeras, NM); Robinett, III, Rush D. (Tijeras, NM)

    2012-02-21

    A control system design method and concomitant control system comprising representing a physical apparatus to be controlled as a Hamiltonian system, determining elements of the Hamiltonian system representation which are power generators, power dissipators, and power storage devices, analyzing stability and performance of the Hamiltonian system based on the results of the determining step and determining necessary and sufficient conditions for stability of the Hamiltonian system, creating a stable control system based on the results of the analyzing step, and employing the resulting control system to control the physical apparatus.

  2. INSENS sensor system

    SciTech Connect

    Myers, D.W.; Baker, J.; Benzel, D.M.; Fuess, D.A.

    1993-09-29

    This paper describes an unattended ground sensor system that has been developed for the immigration and Naturalization Service (INS). The system, known as INSENS, was developed at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory for use by the United States Border Patrol. This system assists in the detection of illegal entry of aliens and contraband (illegal drugs, etc.) into the United States along its land borders. Key to the system is its flexible modular design which allows future software and hardware enhancements to the system without altering the fundamental architecture of the system. Elements of the system include a sensor system capable of processing signals from multiple directional probes, a repeater system, and a handheld monitor system. Seismic, passive infrared (PIR), and magnetic probes are currently supported. The design of the INSENS system elements and their performance are described.

  3. Systems engineering for very large systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lewkowicz, Paul E.

    1993-01-01

    Very large integrated systems have always posed special problems for engineers. Whether they are power generation systems, computer networks or space vehicles, whenever there are multiple interfaces, complex technologies or just demanding customers, the challenges are unique. 'Systems engineering' has evolved as a discipline in order to meet these challenges by providing a structured, top-down design and development methodology for the engineer. This paper attempts to define the general class of problems requiring the complete systems engineering treatment and to show how systems engineering can be utilized to improve customer satisfaction and profit ability. Specifically, this work will focus on a design methodology for the largest of systems, not necessarily in terms of physical size, but in terms of complexity and interconnectivity.

  4. Integrated Systems Health Management for Intelligent Systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Figueroa, Fernando; Melcher, Kevin

    2011-01-01

    The implementation of an integrated system health management (ISHM) capability is fundamentally linked to the management of data, information, and knowledge (DIaK) with the purposeful objective of determining the health of a system. It is akin to having a team of experts who are all individually and collectively observing and analyzing a complex system, and communicating effectively with each other in order to arrive at an accurate and reliable assessment of its health. In this paper, concepts, procedures, and approaches are presented as a foundation for implementing an intelligent systems ]relevant ISHM capability. The capability stresses integration of DIaK from all elements of a system. Both ground-based (remote) and on-board ISHM capabilities are compared and contrasted. The information presented is the result of many years of research, development, and maturation of technologies, and of prototype implementations in operational systems.

  5. Dialect materials in the Estonian Etymological Dictionary

    E-print Network

    Metsmä gi, Iris

    2010-01-01

    This article is about how Estonian dialect materials are represented in the... distribucija besede dokaže dragoceno izvorno izto?nico. Etimologizacija lahko temelji tudi na nare?nem pomenu besede. Posebno skupino sestavljajo nare?ne besede, prevzete v knjižno rabo na druga?en na?in kot strokovno izrazje. Estonian Etymological Dictionary...

  6. Immune System as a Sensory System

    PubMed Central

    Dozmorov, Igor M.; Dresser, D.

    2010-01-01

    As suggested by the well-known gestalt concept the immune system can be regarded as an integrated complex system, the functioning of which cannot be fully characterized by the behavior of its constituent elements. Similar approaches to the immune system in particular and sensory systems in general allows one to discern similarities and differences in the process of distinguishing informative patterns in an otherwise random background, thus initiating an appropriate and adequate response. This may lead to a new interpretation of difficulties in the comprehension of some immunological phenomena. PMID:21686066

  7. Site systems engineering: Systems engineering management plan

    SciTech Connect

    Grygiel, M.L. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States)

    1996-05-03

    The Site Systems Engineering Management Plan (SEMP) is the Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC) implementation document for the Hanford Site Systems Engineering Policy, (RLPD 430.1) and Systems Engineering Criteria Document and Implementing Directive, (RLID 430.1). These documents define the US Department of Energy (DOE), Richland Operations Office (RL) processes and products to be used at Hanford to implement the systems engineering process at the site level. This SEMP describes the products being provided by the site systems engineering activity in fiscal year (FY) 1996 and the associated schedule. It also includes the procedural approach being taken by the site level systems engineering activity in the development of these products and the intended uses for the products in the integrated planning process in response to the DOE policy and implementing directives. The scope of the systems engineering process is to define a set of activities and products to be used at the site level during FY 1996 or until the successful Project Hanford Management Contractor (PHMC) is onsite as a result of contract award from Request For Proposal DE-RP06-96RL13200. Following installation of the new contractor, a long-term set of systems engineering procedures and products will be defined for management of the Hanford Project. The extent to which each project applies the systems engineering process and the specific tools used are determined by the project`s management.

  8. Microsphere insulation systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Allen, Mark S. (Inventor); Willen, Gary S. (Inventor); Mohling, Robert A. (Inventor)

    2005-01-01

    A new insulation system is provided that contains microspheres. This insulation system can be used to provide insulated panels and clamshells, and to insulate annular spaces around objects used to transfer, store, or transport cryogens and other temperature-sensitive materials. This insulation system provides better performance with reduced maintenance than current insulation systems.

  9. Broad Bandwidth Telecommunications Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sodolski, John

    Broad bandwidth transmission systems have been around for years. They include microwave, assorted cable systems, and recently, satellites. With the exception of some privately owned systems, broadband services have been furnished by the common carriers. Recently, a new element has been added--Cable Antenna Television (CATV) distribution systems.…

  10. Cogeneration power systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Davis, H. S.

    1978-01-01

    Cogeneration is defined as the combination of electrical generation and process heat for more efficient use of fuel. Comparisons of energy utilization in conventional electric power plants and cogeneration electric power plants are presented. Characteristics of various cogeneration systems are also presented. Systems are analyzed for use in utility systems and industrial systems. Economic and cost analysis are reviewed.

  11. Electronic Document Supply Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cawkell, A. E.

    1991-01-01

    Describes electronic document delivery systems used by libraries and document image processing systems used for business purposes. Topics discussed include technical specifications; analogue read-only laser videodiscs; compact discs and CD-ROM; WORM; facsimile; ADONIS (Article Delivery over Network Information System); DOCDEL; and systems at the…

  12. Computer Center: CIBE Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crovello, Theodore J.

    1982-01-01

    Differentiates between computer systems and Computers in Biological Education (CIBE) systems (computer system intended for use in biological education). Describes several CIBE stand alone systems: single-user microcomputer; single-user microcomputer/video-disc; multiuser microcomputers; multiuser maxicomputer; and local and long distance computer…

  13. Omron's creative information system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kiyohiko Watanabe; Yukichi Arao

    1995-01-01

    In 1988, the Omron company started to develop two application systems in order to meet the challenge of two groups of tough competitors; the Newly Industrializing ‘Dragons’ of South East Asia, and the ‘Information Revolutionaries’ of Silicon Valley. The SIS (Strategic Information System) and the IIS (Innovative Information System) were both developed as decentralized systems. The SIS with its CIM

  14. Linear Systems: Using Algebra

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2012-08-29

    Students learn to solve a system of linear equations (2 equations with 2 variables) by substitution and elimination methods. They also review the definitions of consistent (independent and dependent) and inconsistent systems, and associate the number of solutions of a system with them. Detailed instructions guide students in using their graphing calculators to solve the systems of equations.

  15. Noncooperative rendezvous radar system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1974-01-01

    A fire control radar system was developed, assembled, and modified. The baseline system and modified angle tracking system are described along with the performance characteristics of the baseline and modified systems. Proposed changes to provide additional techniques for radar evaluation are presented along with flight test data.

  16. Universal Index System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kelley, Steve; Roussopoulos, Nick; Sellis, Timos; Wallace, Sarah

    1993-01-01

    The Universal Index System (UIS) is an index management system that uses a uniform interface to solve the heterogeneity problem among database management systems. UIS provides an easy-to-use common interface to access all underlying data, but also allows different underlying database management systems, storage representations, and access methods.

  17. Smart distribution automation system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. S?ahin; A. Nadar

    2010-01-01

    Electric distribution systems have been undergoing substantial changes in the recent years, aiming more efficient and cost effective operation. In this paper, new operation philosophies and systems in the literature have been analyzed in parallel with these changes. There are various applications of Distribution automation systems performing automatic fault detection, isolation and restoration. However, these systems fail to identify fault

  18. Program (systems) engineering

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Baroff, Lynn E.; Easter, Robert W.; Pomphrey, Richard B.

    2004-01-01

    Program Systems Engineering applies the principles of Systems Engineering at the program level. Space programs are composed of interrelated elements which can include collections of projects, advanced technologies, information systems, etc. Some program elements are outside traditional engineering's physical systems, such as education and public outreach, public relations, resource flow, and interactions within the political environments.

  19. Case tool evaluation system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. L. Green; P. V. Andreae; W. J. Pennewell; L. A. Clinard; B. Jr. Thomas; P. M. Tarrant

    1989-01-01

    An automated system that uses an analytical approach to evaluate Computer-Aided Software Engineering (CASE) tools is currently being developed. this system is referred to as the CASE Tool Evaluation System. The following general criteria will be used: overall tool functionality; tool stability; cost; interfaces with other software; customization; ease of use; output produced; hardware and operating system needs; documentation; training

  20. JUSTICE SYSTEMS SAMPLE PROGRAM

    E-print Network

    Gering, Jon C.

    4 JUST 307: The Legal System OR JUST 332: Juvenile Delinquency JUST 335: Rehabilitative System JUSTJUSTICE SYSTEMS SAMPLE PROGRAM This sample program suggests one way to navigate the curriculum patterns are possible. Fall ­ Semester 1 Spring ­ Semester 2 JUST 205: Intro to Justice Systems JUST 307

  1. Introduction to VLSI systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Carver Mead; Lynn Conway

    1980-01-01

    The book is written to introduce all Electrical Engineering and Computer Science students to integrated system architecture and design. Combined with individual study in related research areas and participation in large system design projects, this text provides the basis for a graduate course-sequence in integrated systems. MOS devices and circuits are considered along with integrated system fabrication, data and control

  2. On the Systems Engineering and Management of Systems of Systems and Federations of Systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andrew P. Sage; Christopher D. Cuppan

    2001-01-01

    This paper is concerned with the engineering of systems that are themselves comprised of other com- ponent systems, and where each of the component systems serves organizational and human purposes. These com- ponent purposes may be locally managed and optimized independently, or nearly so, of the objectives to be met by the composite system. There are a number of inherent

  3. MODELING OPTICAL MEM SYSTEMS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T. P. Kurzweg; J. A. Martinez; S. P. Levitan; M. T. Shomsky; P. J. Marchand; D. M. Chiarulli

    2001-01-01

    Optical MEMS have the potential to drastically reduce the size and cost of digital communications and computation systems. However, the multiple technologies (optical, electrical, and mechanical) utilized in optical MEM systems has led to new chal- lenges in the creation of computer aided design tools for these systems. This paper presents a system level opto-electro-mechani- cal CAD tool, Chatoyant, developed

  4. STEP electronic system design

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Couch, R. H.; Johnson, J. W.

    1984-01-01

    The STEP electronic system design is discussed. The purpose of the design is outlined. The electronic system design is summarized and it is found that: an effective conceptual system design is developed; the design represents a unique set of capabilities; makes efficient use of available orbiter resources; the system capabilities exceed identified potential experiment needs.

  5. What is systems engineering?

    SciTech Connect

    Bahill, A.T. [comp.] [Arizona Univ. (United States). Systems and Industrial Engineering

    1995-08-01

    Systems Engineering is an interdisciplinary process that ensures that the customers` needs are satisfied throughout a system`s entire life cycle. This process includes: understanding customer needs; stating the problem; specifying requirements; defining performance and cost measures, prescribing tests, validating requirements, conducting design reviews, exploring alternative concepts, sensitivity analyses, functional decomposition, system design, designing and managing interfaces, system integration, total system test, configuration management, risk management, reliability analysis; total quality management; project management; and documentation. Material for this paper was gathered from senior Systems Engineers at Sandia National Laboratories.

  6. Identification of propulsion systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Merrill, Walter; Guo, Ten-Huei; Duyar, Ahmet

    1991-01-01

    This paper presents a tutorial on the use of model identification techniques for the identification of propulsion system models. These models are important for control design, simulation, parameter estimation, and fault detection. Propulsion system identification is defined in the context of the classical description of identification as a four step process that is unique because of special considerations of data and error sources. Propulsion system models are described along with the dependence of system operation on the environment. Propulsion system simulation approaches are discussed as well as approaches to propulsion system identification with examples for both air breathing and rocket systems.

  7. Automated Pilot Advisory System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Parks, J. L., Jr.; Haidt, J. G.

    1981-01-01

    An Automated Pilot Advisory System (APAS) was developed and operationally tested to demonstrate the concept that low cost automated systems can provide air traffic and aviation weather advisory information at high density uncontrolled airports. The system was designed to enhance the see and be seen rule of flight, and pilots who used the system preferred it over the self announcement system presently used at uncontrolled airports.

  8. Evolvable synthetic neural system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Curtis, Steven A. (Inventor)

    2009-01-01

    An evolvable synthetic neural system includes an evolvable neural interface operably coupled to at least one neural basis function. Each neural basis function includes an evolvable neural interface operably coupled to a heuristic neural system to perform high-level functions and an autonomic neural system to perform low-level functions. In some embodiments, the evolvable synthetic neural system is operably coupled to one or more evolvable synthetic neural systems in a hierarchy.

  9. Solar thermal systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W. Kleinkauf

    1977-01-01

    The solar thermal systems considered include systems employing low-temperature collectors of solar energy and systems with high-temperature collectors. Systems with low-temperature collectors, which are generally designed as flat plate collectors, can be employed in Germany for the supply of one- or two-family houses with heat and warm water. The installation of high-temperature collector systems in Germany for the generation of

  10. Gyroscopic orientation systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rakhteenko, Evgenii R.

    Engineering methods for the design and analysis of gyroscopic orientation systems used in aviation and rocketry are presented. The following commonly used functional-kinematic schemes of orientation systems are examined: a gyroscopic system with two three-degrees-of-freedom gyroscopes in a gimbal suspension, a triaxial stabilizer, and systems without a gimbal. Particular attention is given to the physical meaning of the processes taking place in orientation systems.

  11. FNAL system patching design

    SciTech Connect

    Schmidt, Jack; Lilianstrom, Al; Romero, Andy; Dawson, Troy; Sieh, Connie; /Fermilab

    2004-01-01

    FNAL has over 5000 PCs running either Linux or Windows software. Protecting these systems efficiently against the latest vulnerabilities that arise has prompted FNAL to take a more central approach to patching systems. Due to different levels of existing support infrastructures, the patching solution for linux systems differs from that of windows systems. In either case, systems are checked for vulnerabilities by Computer Security using the Nessus tool.

  12. Introduction to Embedded Systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kai Qian; David Haring; Li Cao

    We can easily find embedded systems everywhere in our daily lives. The numbers of embedded systems are rapidly growing especially\\u000a in wireless and web applications. The embedded systems market is one of the fastest growing areas in the world. By name, an\\u000a embedded system is a special-purpose computing device designed to perform dedicated functions. Some of the embedded systems\\u000a with

  13. Fluid infusion system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1974-01-01

    Performance testing carried out in the development of the prototype zero-g fluid infusion system is described and summarized. Engineering tests were performed in the course of development, both on the original breadboard device and on the prototype system. This testing was aimed at establishing baseline system performance parameters and facilitating improvements. Acceptance testing was then performed on the prototype system to verify functional performance. Acceptance testing included a demonstration of the fluid infusion system on a laboratory animal.

  14. 4. System Definition 16 4. System Definition

    E-print Network

    Berlin,Technische Universität

    of subsystems, it is thus, in an analysis, possible to subdivide a problem into manageable portions, this is perhaps, at a first glance, self-evident but the demarcation regarding the receiving system can give rise to some problems. Figure 4.4 Illustration of system definition Let us assume that the receiving structure

  15. Efficient Evaluation System for Learning Management Systems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cavus, Nadire

    2009-01-01

    A learning management system (LMS) provides the platform for web-based learning environment by enabling the management, delivery, tracking of learning, testing, communication, registration process and scheduling. There are many LMS systems on the market that can be obtained for free or through payment. It has now become an important task to choose…

  16. ENVIRONMENTAL SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT AND SUSTAINABLE SYSTEMS THEORY

    EPA Science Inventory

    Environmental Systems Management is the management of environmental problems at the systems level fully accounting for the multi-dimensional nature of the environment. This includes socio-economic dimensions as well as the usual physical and life science aspects. This is importa...

  17. MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS: A SYSTEM FOR DESIGN

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. ESPEJO; J. WATT

    1979-01-01

    This paper aims to give direction to MIS design research rather than to provide a “solution. ” It gives a brief review of the evolution and current state of MIS design attempting at the same time to support the need for a true systemic approach. Such a systemic approach forms the basis for the main part of the paper which

  18. Assurance System Architecture for Distributed Database Systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Carlos Perez Leguizamo; Aqeel A. Syed; Kinji Mori

    2002-01-01

    Recently with the advent of the information technology and the wide spread use of the Internet, new user oriented production and logistic systems, such as the supply chain management system, have been required in order to cope with the drastic and continuous changes on the markets and users' preferences. To achieve this purpose, the companies need to mutually integrate their

  19. Advanced information processing system: Local system services

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Burkhardt, Laura; Alger, Linda; Whittredge, Roy; Stasiowski, Peter

    1989-01-01

    The Advanced Information Processing System (AIPS) is a multi-computer architecture composed of hardware and software building blocks that can be configured to meet a broad range of application requirements. The hardware building blocks are fault-tolerant, general-purpose computers, fault-and damage-tolerant networks (both computer and input/output), and interfaces between the networks and the computers. The software building blocks are the major software functions: local system services, input/output, system services, inter-computer system services, and the system manager. The foundation of the local system services is an operating system with the functions required for a traditional real-time multi-tasking computer, such as task scheduling, inter-task communication, memory management, interrupt handling, and time maintenance. Resting on this foundation are the redundancy management functions necessary in a redundant computer and the status reporting functions required for an operator interface. The functional requirements, functional design and detailed specifications for all the local system services are documented.

  20. On evolutionary systems.

    PubMed

    Alvarez de Lorenzana, J M; Ward, L M

    1987-01-01

    This paper develops a metatheoretical framework for understanding evolutionary systems (systems that develop in ways that increase their own variety). The framework addresses shortcomings seen in other popular systems theories. It concerns both living and nonliving systems, and proposes a metahierarchy of hierarchical systems. Thus, it potentially addresses systems at all descriptive levels. We restrict our definition of system to that of a core system whose parts have a different ontological status than the system, and characterize the core system in terms of five global properties: minimal length interval, minimal time interval, system cycle, total receptive capacity, and system potential. We propose two principles through the interaction of which evolutionary systems develop. The Principle of Combinatorial Expansion describes how a core system realizes its developmental potential through a process of progressive differentiation of the single primal state up to a limit stage. The Principle of Generative Condensation describes how the components of the last stage of combinatorial expansion condense and become the environment for and components of new, enriched systems. The early evolution of the Universe after the "big bang" is discussed in light of these ideas as an example of the application of the framework. PMID:3689299

  1. System identification for passive linear quantum systems

    E-print Network

    Madalin Guta; Naoki Yamamoto

    2014-08-27

    System identification is a key enabling component for the implementation of quantum technologies, including quantum control. In this paper, we consider the class of passive linear input-output systems, and investigate several basic questions: (1) which parameters can be identified? (2) Given sufficient input-output data, how do we reconstruct system parameters? (3) How can we optimize the estimation precision by preparing appropriate input states and performing measurements on the output? We show that minimal systems can be identified up to a unitary transformation on the modes, and systems satisfying a Hamiltonian connectivity condition called "infecting" are completely identifiable. We propose a frequency domain design based on a Fisher information criterion, for optimizing the estimation precision for coherent input state. As a consequence of the unitarity of the transfer function, we show that the Heisenberg limit with respect to the input energy can be achieved using non-classical input states.

  2. NASA Systems Engineering Handbook

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Shishko, Robert; Aster, Robert; Chamberlain, Robert G.; Mcduffee, Patrick; Pieniazek, Les; Rowell, Tom; Bain, Beth; Cox, Renee I.; Mooz, Harold; Polaski, Lou

    1995-01-01

    This handbook brings the fundamental concepts and techniques of systems engineering to NASA personnel in a way that recognizes the nature of NASA systems and environment. It is intended to accompany formal NASA training courses on systems engineering and project management when appropriate, and is designed to be a top-level overview. The concepts were drawn from NASA field center handbooks, NMI's/NHB's, the work of the NASA-wide Systems Engineering Working Group and the Systems Engineering Process Improvement Task team, several non-NASA textbooks and guides, and material from independent systems engineering courses taught to NASA personnel. Five core chapters cover systems engineering fundamentals, the NASA Project Cycle, management issues in systems engineering, systems analysis and modeling, and specialty engineering integration. It is not intended as a directive. Superseded by: NASA/SP-2007-6105 Rev 1 (20080008301).

  3. Intelligent systems technology infrastructure for integrated systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lum, Henry

    1991-01-01

    A system infrastructure must be properly designed and integrated from the conceptual development phase to accommodate evolutionary intelligent technologies. Several technology development activities were identified that may have application to rendezvous and capture systems. Optical correlators in conjunction with fuzzy logic control might be used for the identification, tracking, and capture of either cooperative or non-cooperative targets without the intensive computational requirements associated with vision processing. A hybrid digital/analog system was developed and tested with a robotic arm. An aircraft refueling application demonstration is planned within two years. Initially this demonstration will be ground based with a follow-on air based demonstration. System dependability measurement and modeling techniques are being developed for fault management applications. This involves usage of incremental solution/evaluation techniques and modularized systems to facilitate reuse and to take advantage of natural partitions in system models. Though not yet commercially available and currently subject to accuracy limitations, technology is being developed to perform optical matrix operations to enhance computational speed. Optical terrain recognition using camera image sequencing processed with optical correlators is being developed to determine position and velocity in support of lander guidance. The system is planned for testing in conjunction with Dryden Flight Research Facility. Advanced architecture technology is defining open architecture design constraints, test bed concepts (processors, multiple hardware/software and multi-dimensional user support, knowledge/tool sharing infrastructure), and software engineering interface issues.

  4. Inertial navigation systems analysis.

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Britting, K. R.

    1971-01-01

    This volume offers the avionic systems engineer a fundamental exposition of the mechanization and error analysis of inertial navigation systems. While the material is applicable to spacecraft and undersea navigation, emphasis is placed upon terrestrial applications on or slightly above the earth's surface. As a result, practical considerations are geared toward those aircraft navigation systems of particular current interest. Extensive use is made of perturbation techniques to develop linearized system equations, whose solutions closely approximate those obtained by nonlinear differential equations. A unified error analysis technique is developed that is applicable to virtually all system configurations. The technique provides a greatly simplified method for comparing the performance of competing system configurations.

  5. Weather Information System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1995-01-01

    WxLink is an aviation weather system based on advanced airborne sensors, precise positioning available from the satellite-based Global Positioning System, cockpit graphics and a low-cost datalink. It is a two-way system that uplinks weather information to the aircraft and downlinks automatic pilot reports of weather conditions aloft. Manufactured by ARNAV Systems, Inc., the original technology came from Langley Research Center's cockpit weather information system, CWIN (Cockpit Weather INformation). The system creates radar maps of storms, lightning and reports of surface observations, offering improved safety, better weather monitoring and substantial fuel savings.

  6. Airborne oceanographic lidar system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1975-01-01

    Specifications and preliminary design of an Airborne Oceanographic Lidar (AOL) system, which is to be constructed for installation and used on a NASA Wallops Flight Center (WFC) C-54 research aircraft, are reported. The AOL system is to provide an airborne facility for use by various government agencies to demonstrate the utility and practicality of hardware of this type in the wide area collection of oceanographic data on an operational basis. System measurement and performance requirements are presented, followed by a description of the conceptual system approach and the considerations attendant to its development. System performance calculations are addressed, and the system specifications and preliminary design are presented and discussed.

  7. The Saturn System

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2012-08-03

    This is a lesson about systems and how they apply to Saturn. Learners will apply the concept of a system to learning about the Saturn system. They work with a ready-made scale diagram of the Saturn system, including the planet, rings, and moons. They then complete a Venn diagram that compares and contrasts the Saturn and Earth–Moon systems in terms of the systems’ components and interactions. Includes background information, procedure, and extension. This is lesson 1 of 6 in the Saturn Educators Guide.

  8. Flash evaporator systems test

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dietz, J. B.

    1976-01-01

    A flash evaporator heat rejection system representative of that proposed for the space shuttle orbiter underwent extensive system testing at the NASA Johnson Space Center (JSC) to determine its operational suitability and to establish system performance/operational characteristics for use in the shuttle system. During the tests the evaporator system demonstrated its suitability to meet the shuttle requirements by: (1) efficient operation with 90 to 95% water evaporation efficiency, (2) control of outlet temperature to 40 + or - 2 F for partial heat load operation, (3) stability of control system for rapid changes in Freon inlet temperature, and (4) repeated dormant-to-active device operation without any startup procedures.

  9. Space shuttle avionics system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hanaway, John F.; Moorehead, Robert W.

    1989-01-01

    The Space Shuttle avionics system, which was conceived in the early 1970's and became operational in the 1980's represents a significant advancement of avionics system technology in the areas of systems and redundacy management, digital data base technology, flight software, flight control integration, digital fly-by-wire technology, crew display interface, and operational concepts. The origins and the evolution of the system are traced; the requirements, the constraints, and other factors which led to the final configuration are outlined; and the functional operation of the system is described. An overall system block diagram is included.

  10. Verification of Adaptive Systems

    SciTech Connect

    Pullum, Laura L [ORNL] [ORNL; Cui, Xiaohui [New York Institute of Technology (NYIT)] [New York Institute of Technology (NYIT); Vassev, Emil [Lero – The Irish Software Engineering Research Centre] [Lero – The Irish Software Engineering Research Centre; Hinchey, Mike [Lero – The Irish Software Engineering Research Centre] [Lero – The Irish Software Engineering Research Centre; Rouff, Christopher [Lockheed Martin Corporation] [Lockheed Martin Corporation; Buskens, Richard [Lockheed Martin Corporation] [Lockheed Martin Corporation

    2012-01-01

    Adaptive systems are critical for future space and other unmanned and intelligent systems. Verification of these systems is also critical for their use in systems with potential harm to human life or with large financial investments. Due to their nondeterministic nature and extremely large state space, current methods for verification of software systems are not adequate to provide a high level of assurance for them. The combination of stabilization science, high performance computing simulations, compositional verification and traditional verification techniques, plus operational monitors, provides a complete approach to verification and deployment of adaptive systems that has not been used before. This paper gives an overview of this approach.

  11. Education Systemic Change Tools

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The National School Boards Association provides this website as a guide to systemic change for those in the field of education. This site is broken up into three sections that explain what systemic change is, outline the process for systemic change, offer advice for difficulties along the way, and list resources for implementing systemic change in any educational organization â??from the classroom to the federal level," including the section "Leading Systemic Change" for those who would like to take charge and put systemic change in their own hands.

  12. Observability of complex systems

    PubMed Central

    Liu, Yang-Yu; Slotine, Jean-Jacques; Barabási, Albert-László

    2013-01-01

    A quantitative description of a complex system is inherently limited by our ability to estimate the system’s internal state from experimentally accessible outputs. Although the simultaneous measurement of all internal variables, like all metabolite concentrations in a cell, offers a complete description of a system’s state, in practice experimental access is limited to only a subset of variables, or sensors. A system is called observable if we can reconstruct the system’s complete internal state from its outputs. Here, we adopt a graphical approach derived from the dynamical laws that govern a system to determine the sensors that are necessary to reconstruct the full internal state of a complex system. We apply this approach to biochemical reaction systems, finding that the identified sensors are not only necessary but also sufficient for observability. The developed approach can also identify the optimal sensors for target or partial observability, helping us reconstruct selected state variables from appropriately chosen outputs, a prerequisite for optimal biomarker design. Given the fundamental role observability plays in complex systems, these results offer avenues to systematically explore the dynamics of a wide range of natural, technological and socioeconomic systems. PMID:23359701

  13. Evolving Systems Engineering as a Field within Engineering Systems

    E-print Network

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    Management Social Science Engineering Systems Engineering Systems: Field of Scholarship ENGINEERING SYSTEMS the user needs. Engineering Management Systems Engineering #12;© 2008 Massachusetts Institute of Technology Management Technology & Policy Engineering Systems as a Field of Scholarship #12;© 2008 Massachusetts

  14. NASA's SPICE System Models the Solar System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Acton, Charles

    1996-01-01

    SPICE is NASA's multimission, multidiscipline information system for assembling, distributing, archiving, and accessing space science geometry and related data used by scientists and engineers for mission design and mission evaluation, detailed observation planning, mission operations, and science data analysis.

  15. Power system interface and umbilical system study

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1980-01-01

    System requirements and basic design criteria were defined for berthing or docking a payload to the 25 kW power module which will provide electrical power and attitude control, cooling, data transfer, and communication services to free-flying and Orbiter sortie payloads. The selected umbilical system concept consists of four assemblies and command and display equipment to be installed at the Orbiter payload specialist station: (1) a movable platen assembly which is attached to the power system with EVA operable devices; (2) a slave platen assembly which is attached to the payload with EVA operable devices; (3) a fixed secondary platen permanently installed in the power system; and (4) a fixed secondary platen permanently installed on the payload. Operating modes and sequences are described.

  16. Business System Planning Project System Requirements Specification

    SciTech Connect

    NELSON, R.E.

    2000-09-08

    The purpose of the Business Systems Planning Project System Requirements Specification (SRS) is to provide the outline and contents of the requirements for the CH2M HILL Hanford Group, Inc. (CHG) integrated business and technical information systems. The SRS will translate proposed objectives into the statement of the functions that are to be performed and data and information flows that they require. The requirements gathering methodology will use (1) facilitated group requirement sessions; (2) individual interviews; (3) surveys; and (4) document reviews. The requirements will be verified and validated through coordination of the technical requirement team and CHG Managers. The SRS document used the content and format specified in Lockheed Martin Services, Inc. Organization Standard Software Practices in conjunction with the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Standard 8340-1984 for Systems Requirements Documents.

  17. Modular optical detector system

    DOEpatents

    Horn, Brent A. (Livermore, CA); Renzi, Ronald F. (Tracy, CA)

    2006-02-14

    A modular optical detector system. The detector system is designed to detect the presence of molecules or molecular species by inducing fluorescence with exciting radiation and detecting the emitted fluorescence. Because the system is capable of accurately detecting and measuring picomolar concentrations it is ideally suited for use with microchemical analysis systems generally and capillary chromatographic systems in particular. By employing a modular design, the detector system provides both the ability to replace various elements of the detector system without requiring extensive realignment or recalibration of the components as well as minimal user interaction with the system. In addition, the modular concept provides for the use and addition of a wide variety of components, including optical elements (lenses and filters), light sources, and detection means, to fit particular needs.

  18. Human Balance System

    MedlinePLUS

    ... and maintained by a complex set of sensorimotor control systems that include sensory input from vision (sight), proprioception ( ... and maintained by a complex set of sensorimotor control systems. Input from the eyes Sensory receptors in the ...

  19. Deputy Director Academic Systems

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    Infrastructure [2040] Derrian Jones Internal Applica=ons [2030] Joe Tarter (I & Integra=on [2000] David Pagenkopf Enterprise Internet Service [7100] Chris Holsman Systems Engineering [4370] Mark Nessel Systems & Network Control Center

  20. Fluids Systems Course

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This pdf contains a syllabus for a course on fluids systems as part of the Aerospace Technology Program. Topics include fluid power standards, hydraulic power, pneumatic power, hypergolic and cryogenic flight systems, and hypergolic loading.

  1. System for rapid subtitling

    E-print Network

    Leonard, Sean Joseph

    2005-01-01

    A system for rapid subtitling of audiovisual sequences was developed, and evaluated. This new system resulted in average time-savings of 50% over the previous work in the field. To subtitle a 27-minute English lecture, ...

  2. Computerized Information Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gerardi, Robert J.; Benedict, Gary C.

    1986-01-01

    Reviews computerized information systems used for providing career, vocational, and educational information and guidance. Briefly describes three direct inquiry systems used for career planning. Lists advantages for students and counselors using such programs. (ABB)

  3. Human Resource Accounting System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cerullo, Michael J.

    1974-01-01

    Main objectives of human resource accounting systems are to satisfy the informational demands made by investors and by operating managers. The paper's main concern is with the internal uses of a human asset system. (Author)

  4. Male Reproductive System

    MedlinePLUS

    The male reproductive system, like that of the female, consists of those organs whose function is to produce a new individual, i.e., to accomplish reproduction. This system consists of a pair of testes and a ...

  5. Human Body Systems Interactive

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    ScienceNetLinks.org

    2010-06-02

    In this online interactive, studens are presented with a body system and a variety of organs. Students drag and drop all the organs that belong in that particular body system to a body who is missing his parts.

  6. Male Reproductive System

    MedlinePLUS

    ... your son's reproductive health. Continue About the Male Reproductive System Most species have two sexes: male and female. ... has been removed. Back Continue What the Male Reproductive System Does The male sex organs work together to ...

  7. Tharsis Basin Aquifer System

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    University of Arizona

    This is a QuickTime movie animating an enormous ancient drainage basin and aquifer system in the Tharsis region of Mars. The movie shows the geological stages of the aquifer system, as reported in a University of Arizona study.

  8. Double Degenerate Binary Systems

    SciTech Connect

    Yakut, K. [University of Ege, Department of Astronomy and Space Sciences, 35100-Izmir (Turkey)

    2011-09-21

    In this study, angular momentum loss via gravitational radiation in double degenerate binary (DDB)systems (NS + NS, NS + WD, WD + WD, and AM CVn) is studied. Energy loss by gravitational waves has been estimated for each type of systems.

  9. Transport in granular systems

    E-print Network

    Wendell, Dawn M. (Dawn Marie), 1983-

    2011-01-01

    There are many situations in which a continuum view of granular systems does not fully capture the relevant mechanics. In order for engineers to be able to design systems for transporting granular materials, there needs ...

  10. Earth System History Announcements

    E-print Network

    Mojzsis, Stephen J.

    altogether in the snakes. · With the exception of the crocodiles, the Reptile circulatory system still hasEarth System History GEOL 1020 [36] Announcements Enter the Mesozoic Age of the dinosaurs November

  11. R.F. Systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Riedel

    1979-01-01

    A brief history of rf systems for cyclotrons will be presented, followed by some general remarks about typical problems. Finally, the rf system for the M.S.U. 500 MeV superconducting cyclotron will be described.

  12. Avian respiratory system disorders

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Olsen, G.H.

    1989-01-01

    Diagnosing and treating respiratory diseases in avian species requires a basic knowledge about the anatomy and physiology of this system in birds. Differences between mammalian and avian respiratory system function, diagnosis, and treatment are highlighted.

  13. Computer system administrator

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Iowa Public Television. School to Careers Project

    2002-01-01

    Teachers can direct students to this material to help them investigate a career as a computer systems analyst, particularly as a computer systems administrator. Having students review this page can be an excellent precursor to a job-shadowing activity.

  14. Economics of Irrigation Systems

    E-print Network

    Amosson, Stephen H.; New, Leon; Almas, Lal; Bretz, Fran; Marek, Thomas

    2002-01-11

    Choosing and buying an irrigation system for crop production can be expensive and complex. This publication discusses six common types of irrigation systems used in Texas: conventional furrow; surge flow furrow; mid-elevation spray application...

  15. Modular Integrated Energy Systems

    E-print Network

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    consists of a gas turbine-generator, a heat recovery steam generator, and a waste heat fired absorption system (or CHP -- Cooling, Heat and Power) system at Ft. Bragg. Much of this work is funded by the U

  16. Modular Integrated Energy Systems

    E-print Network

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    at the Ft. Bragg site consists of a gas turbine-generator, a heat recovery steam generator, and a waste heat energy system (or CHP -- Cooling, Heat and Power) system at Ft. Bragg. Much of this work is funded

  17. Stepping Motor Control System

    E-print Network

    Larson, Noble G.

    This paper describes a hardware system designed to facilitate position and velocity control of a group of eight stepping motors using a PDP-11. The system includes motor driver cards and other interface cards in addition ...

  18. LIGHTWEIGHT GREEN ROOF SYSTEMS

    EPA Science Inventory

    Applying a Lightweight Green Roof System to a building can achieve in managing storm water runoff, decreasing heat gain, yielding energy savings, and mitigating the heat island effect. Currently, Most green roof systems are considerably heavy and require structural reinforceme...

  19. Crowd-powered systems

    E-print Network

    Bernstein, Michael Scott

    2012-01-01

    Crowd-powered systems combine computation with human intelligence, drawn from large groups of people connecting and coordinating online. These hybrid systems enable applications and experiences that neither crowds nor ...

  20. Digestive System Movie

    MedlinePLUS

    ... People, Places & Things That Help Feelings Q&A Movies & More Quizzes Games Kids' Medical Dictionary En Español ... Pink Locker Society Movie: Digestive System KidsHealth > Kids > Movies & More > Movies > Movie: Digestive System Print A A ...

  1. UNIFORM DATA SYSTEM (UDS)

    EPA Science Inventory

    This data collection system collects uniformly-defined information for the major BPHC grant programs. The system yields consistent information on patient characteristics and clinical conditions. The UDS provides data on services, site locations, delivery methods, staffing, client...

  2. System status display evaluation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Summers, Leland G.

    1988-01-01

    The System Status Display is an electronic display system which provides the crew with an enhanced capability for monitoring and managing the aircraft systems. A flight simulation in a fixed base cockpit simulator was used to evaluate alternative design concepts for this display system. The alternative concepts included pictorial versus alphanumeric text formats, multifunction versus dedicated controls, and integration of the procedures with the system status information versus paper checklists. Twelve pilots manually flew approach patterns with the different concepts. System malfunctions occurred which required the pilots to respond to the alert by reconfiguring the system. The pictorial display, the multifunction control interfaces collocated with the system display, and the procedures integrated with the status information all had shorter event processing times and lower subjective workloads.

  3. Immune System and Disorders

    MedlinePLUS

    Your immune system is a complex network of cells, tissues, and organs that work together to defend against germs. It ... t, to find and destroy them. If your immune system cannot do its job, the results can be ...

  4. Pneumonia - weakened immune system

    MedlinePLUS

    ... fighting off infection because of problems with the immune system. This type of disease is called "pneumonia in ... People whose immune system is not working well are less able to fight off germs. This makes them prone to infections from ...

  5. Our Immune System

    MedlinePLUS

    ... story for children with primary immunodeficiency diseases Our Immune System Our Immune IMMUNE DEFICIENCY FOUNDATION A note from ... who are immune deficient to better understand their immune system. What is a “B-cell,” a “T-cell,” ...

  6. Nevada System Higher Education

    E-print Network

    Hemmers, Oliver

    Nevada System of Higher Education State Operating Budget Budget to Actual Comparison 20122013 System Administration University of Nevada, Reno University of Nevada, Las Vegas College of Southern Nevada Great Basin College Truckee Meadows Community College Western Nevada College Desert

  7. Nevada System Higher Education

    E-print Network

    Hemmers, Oliver

    Nevada System of Higher Education State Operating Budget Budget to Actual Comparison 20112012 System Administration University of Nevada, Reno University of Nevada, Las Vegas College of Southern Nevada Great Basin College Truckee Meadows Community College Western Nevada College Desert

  8. Solar powered desalination system

    E-print Network

    Mateo, Tiffany Alisa

    2011-01-01

    of fresh water? Table 1.19: Solar Desalination Systemssolar desalination systems with a variety of power sources, desalination processes, and fresh watersolar-powered reverse osmosis system can be taken to a fresh water

  9. Systems in Science

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Charles L. Karr

    2003-03-01

    Undergraduate elementary education majors participate in an interdisciplinary course focused on modeling scientific systems. Students' applications of three artificial intelligence concepts used in modeling scientific systems were investigated before and

  10. Central nervous system

    MedlinePLUS

    The central nervous system is composed of the brain and spinal cord. Your brain and spinal cord serve as the main "processing center" for the entire nervous system, and control all the workings of your body.

  11. Urban organizational systems

    E-print Network

    Morog, Joseph V

    1981-01-01

    General systems theory provides a conceptual framework for the integration of knowledge from a wide variety of specialized fields. Systems theory serves to synthesize, reconcile, and integrate knowledge making it possible ...

  12. Absorption heat pump system

    DOEpatents

    Grossman, Gershon (Oak Ridge, TN)

    1984-01-01

    The efficiency of an absorption heat pump system is improved by conducting liquid from a second stage evaporator thereof to an auxiliary heat exchanger positioned downstream of a primary heat exchanger in the desorber of the system.

  13. Advanced dive monitoring system.

    PubMed

    Sternberger, W I; Goemmer, S A

    1999-01-01

    The US Navy supports deep diving operations with a variety of mixed-gas life support systems. A systems engineering study was conducted for the Naval Experimental Dive Unit (Panama City, FL) to develop a concept design for an advanced dive monitoring system. The monitoring system is intended primarily to enhance diver safety and secondarily to support diving medicine research. Distinct monitoring categories of diver physiology, life support system, and environment are integrated in the monitoring system. A system concept is proposed that accommodates real-time and quantitative measurements, noninvasive physiological monitoring, and a flexible and expandable implementation architecture. Human factors and ergonomic design considerations have been emphasized to assure that there is no impact on the diver's primary mission. The Navy has accepted the resultant system requirements and the basic design concept. A number of monitoring components have been implemented and successfully support deep diving operations. PMID:11542686

  14. All Systems Are Go

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    WGBH Educational Foundation

    2007-08-09

    Test your knowledge of the digestive, respiratory, and other human body systems in this interactive game from Kinetic City. Race the clock to put Arnold's organs back into his body one system at a time.

  15. Cardiac conduction system

    MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

    ... cardiac muscle cells in the walls of the heart that send signals to the heart muscle causing it to contract. The main components ... the cardiac conduction system’s electrical activity in the heart.

  16. Central Nervous System Vasculitis

    MedlinePLUS

    ... CNS vasculitis is usually treated with steroids. High-dose steroids such as prednisone, in combination with cyclophosphamide (a medication that decreases the immune system’s response to autoimmune diseases), are generally used. In some ...

  17. Systems Concepts Effectively Taught Using Systems Practices

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Claudia Ludwig

    2008-07-01

    This article describes two lessons within the authors' education module entitled, Ecological Networks, that successfully teaches introductory systems content to middle and high school students. To catch students' attention when teaching these new concepts, they decided to use a network that was familiar and fun for students--a cell-phone communication network. These lessons can help students move beyond using systems terminology correctly to actually understanding what it means to have a group of interacting parts work together.

  18. Enabling Systems Biology Approaches Through Microfabricated Systems

    PubMed Central

    Zhan, Mei; Chingozha, Loice; Lu, Hang

    2014-01-01

    With the experimental tools and knowledge that have accrued from a long history of reductionist biology, we can now start to put the pieces together and begin to understand how biological systems function as an integrated whole. Here, we describe how microfabricated tools have demonstrated promise in addressing experimental challenges in throughput, resolution and sensitivity to support systems-based approaches to biological understanding. PMID:23984862

  19. Onsite Wastewater Treatment Systems: Spray Distribution System

    E-print Network

    Lesikar, Bruce J.

    2008-10-23

    it working To perform well, spray systems require proper operation and main- tenance. They must clean the waste- water to a secondary-quality effluent. Check the operation and mainte- nance requirements for your par- ticular type of treatment system... re- ? moves pathogens (disease-caus- ing organisms) from the waste- water. Chlorination is the most common disinfection method; A pump tank, which collects and ? holds the water until it is sprayed over the landscape; and Spray heads, which...

  20. Information survivability control systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kevin J. Sullivan; John C. Knight; Xing Du; Steve Geist

    1999-01-01

    We address the dependence of critical infrastructures-including electric power, telecommunications, finance and transportation- on vulnerable information systems. Our approach is based on the notion of control systems. We envision hierarchical, adaptive, multiple model, discrete-state distributed control systems to monitor infrastructure information systems and respond to disruptions (e.g., security attacks) by changing operating modes and design configurations to minimize loss of

  1. What is Systems Biology?

    PubMed Central

    Breitling, Rainer

    2010-01-01

    Systems biology is increasingly popular, but to many biologists it remains unclear what this new discipline actually encompasses. This brief personal perspective starts by outlining the asthetic qualities that motivate systems biologists, discusses which activities do not belong to the core of systems biology, and finally explores the crucial link with synthetic biology. It concludes by attempting to define systems biology as the research endeavor that aims at providing the scientific foundation for successful synthetic biology. PMID:21423352

  2. Machine protection systems

    E-print Network

    Macpherson, A L

    2010-01-01

    A summary of the Machine Protection System of the LHC is given, with particular attention given to the outstanding issues to be addressed, rather than the successes of the machine protection system from the 2009 run. In particular, the issues of Safe Machine Parameter system, collimation and beam cleaning, the beam dump system and abort gap cleaning, injection and dump protection, and the overall machine protection program for the upcoming run are summarised.

  3. Versados (operating system)

    SciTech Connect

    Glaser, J.G.

    1981-01-01

    Versados is a multitasking operation system designed to meet the requirements of the real-time, online control system environment as well as to support the multiuser software-hardware engineering effort required to develop microprocessor based systems. Versados serves as a major software building block for real-time applications which use the Motorola MC68000 microprocessor and Versamodule board products. It is a modular, multilayered operating system.

  4. Propulsion system needs

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gunn, Stanley

    1991-01-01

    The needs of the designer of a solid core nuclear rocket engine are discussed. Some of the topics covered include: (1) a flight thrust module/feed system module assembly; (2) a nuclear thermal rocket (NTR), expander cycle, dual T/P; (3) turbopump operating conditions; (4) typical system parameters; (5) growth capability composite fuel elements; (6) a NTR radiation cooled nozzle extension; (7) a NFS-3B Feed System; and (8) a NTR Integrated Pneumatic-Fluidics Control System.

  5. Steam System Data Management

    E-print Network

    Roberts, D.

    2013-01-01

    ? Fabrication Training (Six Year Training) ? Welding Certifications ?Retired From Chevron After 25 Years ? Established A Steam System Program ? Planner For Routine Maintenance Work ? Planner For Steam System Improvements ? Wal-Tech Valve, Inc. ? Purchased... Wal-Tech Valve, Inc. In 2007 ? Implemented Safety, Quality Control, And Management Processes ? Established A Steam System Department ? Improved Computer Systems And Software ESL-IE-13-05-35 Proceedings of the Thrity-Fifth Industrial Energy...

  6. Space station power system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Baraona, Cosmo R.

    1987-01-01

    The major requirements and guidelines that affect the space station configuration and power system are explained. The evolution of the space station power system from the NASA program development-feasibility phase through the current preliminary design phase is described. Several early station concepts are described and linked to the present concept. Trade study selections of photovoltaic system technologies are described in detail. A summary of present solar dynamic and power management and distribution systems is also given.

  7. Space shuttle revitalization system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Quattrone, P. D.

    1985-01-01

    The Space Shuttle air revitalization system is discussed. The sequential steps in loop closure are examined and a schematic outline of the regenerative air revitalization system is presented. Carbon dioxide reduction subsystem concepts are compared. Schemes are drawn for: static feedwater electrolysis cell, solid polymer electrolyte water electrolysis cell, air revitalization system, nitrogen generation reactions, nitrogen subsystem staging, vapor compression distillation subsystem, thermoelectric integrated membrane evaporation subsystem, catalytic distillation water reclamation subsystem, and space shuttle solid waste management system.

  8. Visual Alert System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1985-01-01

    A visual alert system resulted from circuitry developed by Applied Cybernetics Systems for Langley as part of a space related telemetry system. James Campman, Applied Cybernetics president, left the company and founded Grace Industries, Inc. to manufacture security devices based on the Langley technology. His visual alert system combines visual and audible alerts for hearing impaired people. The company also manufactures an arson detection device called the electronic nose, and is currently researching additional applications of the NASA technology.

  9. Earth System Science

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Erin Bardar

    Understanding climate requires understanding that Earth is a holistic system of dynamic, interacting components. Furthermore, understanding how the Earth system works is essential for making informed decisions about how to manage, protect, and sustain our planet and its natural resources. This EarthLabs module helps students understand their world as an interconnected living system. Students learn to identify the parts of the Earth system and the processes that connect them, starting locally and gradually expanding their view to regional and global scales.

  10. Systems of Equations

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    hbinggeli

    2011-01-06

    This project is to help you practice solving systems of equations! Begin by playing a game of Jeopardy. This is for 2 players. You can select easy or hard problems for different point values. USE SCRATCH PAPER! Systems Jeopardy! Next, play some systems basketball. This is also for 2 players and again, you will need to USE SCRATCH PAPER! Systems Hoop Shoot These next 2 links are ...

  11. Portable Dental System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1980-01-01

    Portable dental system provides dental care in isolated communities. System includes a patient's chair and a dentist's stool, an X-ray machine and a power unit, all of which fold into compact packages. A large yellow "pumpkin" is a collapsible compressed air tank. Portable system has been used successfully in South America in out of the way communities with this back-packable system, and in American nursing homes. This product is no longer manufactured.

  12. Digestive and Circulatory System

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Ms. Kuenzli

    2010-03-25

    What are key parts in the Circulatory and Digestive System? First, read the Digestive System Text. After reading the text, write the steps of digestion if you were eating a pizza. Write two interesting facts. Next, read the Text about Circulatory System. Describe what you learned. Write two interesting facts. Next, watch and listen to the Circulatory System Song. Tell me what you liked or did not like about the song. Did it help you ...

  13. Small asteroid system evolution

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jacobson, Seth A.

    2015-01-01

    Recently, the discovery of small unbound asteroid systems called asteroid pairs have revolutionized the study of small asteroid systems. Observations with radar, photometric and direct imaging techniques have discovered that multiple asteroid systems can be divided clearly into a handful of different morphologies. Simultaneously, new theoretical advances have demonstrated that solar radiation dictates the evolution of small asteroids with strong implications for asteroid internal structure. We review our current understanding of how small asteroid systems evolve and point to the future.

  14. TMACS system description

    SciTech Connect

    Scaief, C.C.

    1995-10-17

    This document provides a description of the Tank Monitor and Control System (TMACS). It is intended as an introduction for those persons unfamiliar with the system as well as a reference document for the users, maintenance personnel, and system designers. In addition to describing the system, the document outlines the associated drawing documentation, provides maintenance and spare parts information, and discusses other TMACS documents that provide additional detail

  15. Lithium battery management system

    DOEpatents

    Dougherty, Thomas J. (Waukesha, WI)

    2012-05-08

    Provided is a system for managing a lithium battery system having a plurality of cells. The battery system comprises a variable-resistance element electrically connected to a cell and located proximate a portion of the cell; and a device for determining, utilizing the variable-resistance element, whether the temperature of the cell has exceeded a predetermined threshold. A method of managing the temperature of a lithium battery system is also included.

  16. Manipulator system performance measurement

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kirkpatrick, M., III; Shields, N. L., Jr.; Malone, T. B.

    1975-01-01

    Free-flying teleoperator technology for satellite servicing is reported. The rationale for a series of manipulator system tests is presented. Data are reported on movement time in a fine positioning task using two different manipulator systems. The movement time data showed reliable effects of movement direction and index of difficulty. These data were considered to be baseline performance measures for the manipulator system used and modifications to the control and visual systems were suggested for future testing.

  17. Space power systems technology

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Coulman, George A.

    1994-01-01

    Reported here is a series of studies which examine several potential catalysts and electrodes for some fuel cell systems, some materials for space applications, and mathematical modeling and performance predictions for some solid oxide fuel cells and electrolyzers. The fuel cell systems have a potential for terrestrial applications in addition to solar energy conversion in space applications. Catalysts and electrodes for phosphoric acid fuel cell systems and for polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cell and electrolyzer systems were examined.

  18. Integrated Systems Health Management for Intelligent Systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Figueroa, Fernando; Melcher, Kevin

    2011-01-01

    The implementation of an integrated system health management (ISHM) capability is fundamentally linked to the management of data, information, and knowledge (DIaK) with the purposeful objective of determining the health of a system. Management implies storage, distribution, sharing, maintenance, processing, reasoning, and presentation. ISHM is akin to having a team of experts who are all individually and collectively observing and analyzing a complex system, and communicating effectively with each other in order to arrive at an accurate and reliable assessment of its health. In this chapter, concepts, procedures, and approaches are presented as a foundation for implementing an ISHM capability relevant to intelligent systems. The capability stresses integration of DIaK from all elements of a system, emphasizing an advance toward an on-board, autonomous capability. Both ground-based and on-board ISHM capabilities are addressed. The information presented is the result of many years of research, development, and maturation of technologies, and of prototype implementations in operational systems.

  19. Knowledge systems and Prolog

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Adrian Walker; M. McCord; J. F. Sowa; W. G. Wilson

    1987-01-01

    This book is about knowledge systems. It is about how to design them, how to use them, and how to program them in a language called Prolog. A knowledge system is a computer program that solves, or helps to solve, problems that would otherwise have to be handled by a human expert alone. A knowledge system may be an expert

  20. Polymorphic effect systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John M. Lucassen; David K. Gifford

    1988-01-01

    We present a new approach to programming languages for parallel computers that uses an effect system to discover expression scheduling constraints. This effect system is part of a 'kinded' type system with three base kinds: types, which describe the value that an expression may return; effects, which describe the side-effects that an expression may have; and regions, which describe the

  1. Designing resilient, sustainable systems.

    PubMed

    Fiksel, Joseph

    2003-12-01

    Pursuit of sustainable development requires a systems approach to the design of industrial product and service systems. Although many business enterprises have adopted sustainability goals, the actual development of sustainable systems remains challenging because of the broad range of economic, environmental and social factors that need to be considered across the system life cycle. Traditional systems engineering practices try to anticipate and resist disruptions but may be vulnerable to unforeseen factors. An alternative is to design systems with inherent "resilience" bytaking advantage of fundamental properties such as diversity, efficiency, adaptability, and cohesion. Previous work on sustainable design has focused largely upon ecological efficiency improvements. For example, companies have found that reducing material and energy intensity and converting wastes into valuable secondary products creates value for shareholders as well as for society at large. To encourage broader systems thinking, a design protocol is presented that involves the following steps: identifying system function and boundaries, establishing requirements, selecting appropriate technologies, developing a system design, evaluating anticipated performance, and devising a practical means for system deployment. The approach encourages explicit consideration of resilience in both engineered systems and the larger systems in which they are embedded. PMID:14700317

  2. Unified Science - System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomson, Barbara S.

    The goals of this curriculum, developed as a summer course for the Young Scholars Program at The Ohio State University-Columbus, are as follows: (1) enable students to develop an understanding of the concept of a system; (2) help students gain an appreciation of the value of systems; (3) develop skills in working with systems; (4) expand skills in…

  3. Graph database systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Graves; E. R. Bergeman; C. B. Lawrence

    1995-01-01

    We have investigated using graphs as the foundation for database systems by developing a graph-based DBMS. We have demonstrated that: 1. Graph-based representations are useful for representing genome data. 2. A graph data model tailored to the requirements of genome data can be used as the basis of a database management system. 3. A graph database management system is a

  4. HCI and security systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andrew S. Patrick; A. Chris Long; Scott Flinn

    2003-01-01

    This workshop will seek to understand the roles and demands placed on users of security systems, and explore design solutions that can assist in making security systems usable and effective. In addition to examining end-users, this workshop will also examine the issues faced by security system developers and operators. The goal of the workshop is to build a network of

  5. Jupiter System Observer

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Senske, Dave; Prockter, Louise

    2008-01-01

    This slide presentation reviews the scientific philosophy that is guiding the planning behind the Jupiter System Observer (JSO). The JSO would be a long-term platform for studying Jupiter and the complete Jovian system. The goal is to advance the understanding of the fundamental processes of planetary systems, their formation and evolution.

  6. Redundant data management system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hall, J. R.

    1972-01-01

    Redundant data management system solves problem of operating redundant equipment in real time environment where failures are detected, isolated, and switched in simple manner. System consists of quadruply-redundant computer, input/output control units, and data buses. System inherently contains failure detection, isolation, and switching function.

  7. Systemic Change in Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reigeluth, Charles M., Ed.; Garfinkle, Robert J., Ed.

    This book provides new tools for thinking about and designing the education system. Four sections, each with its own introduction, follow Charles M. Reigeluth's introductory chapter, "Introduction: The Imperative for Systemic Change." Section 1 describes some theoretical frameworks for understanding the "big ideas" of system design. It includes:…

  8. Propulsion Systems Panel deliberations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Carmelo J. Bianca; Robert Miner; Lawrence M. Johnston; R. Bruce; Daniel P. Dennies; W. Dickenson; Robert Dreshfield; Walt Karakulko; Mike McGaw; Paul M. Munafo

    1993-01-01

    The Propulsion Systems Panel was established because of the specialized nature of many of the materials and structures technology issues related to propulsion systems. This panel was co-chaired by Carmelo Bianca, MSFC, and Bob Miner, LeRC. Because of the diverse range of missions anticipated for the Space Transportation program, three distinct propulsion system types were identified in the workshop planning

  9. Challenges In Embedded System

    E-print Network

    Hu, Fei

    1 Challenges In Embedded System (Cyber Physical System) Security Philip Koopman koopman · Survivability security + fault tolerance ­ For safety critical systems, you can argue they are similar problems display Grenoble, France Train Station January 2007 #12;#12;14 Safety Criticality => Potential Release

  10. An Information Presentation System

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Frank Zdybel; Norton Greenfeld; Martin D. Yonke; Jeff Gibbons

    1981-01-01

    AIPS is a system for graphically presenting information. It promotes a high degree of interactivity between a user and a knowledge base or knowlege-based system, and is designed to be utmost domain independent and extensible. This paper describes the concept of an Information Presentation System (IPS), the intimate relationship between IPS goals and knowledge representation issues, and some of the

  11. Microelectronics bioinstrumentation systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ko, W. H.

    1977-01-01

    Microelectronic bioinstrumentation systems to be employed in the Cardiovascular Deconditioning Program were developed. Implantable telemetry systems for long-term monitoring of animals on earth were designed to collect physiological data necessary for the understanding of the mechanisms of cardiovascular deconditioning. In-flight instrumentation systems, microelectronic instruments, and RF powering techniques for other life science experiments in the NASA program were studied.

  12. IDC System Specification Document.

    SciTech Connect

    Clifford, David J.

    2014-12-01

    This document contains the system specifications derived to satisfy the system requirements found in the IDC System Requirements Document for the IDC Reengineering Phase 2 project. Revisions Version Date Author/Team Revision Description Authorized by V1.0 12/2014 IDC Reengineering Project Team Initial delivery M. Harris

  13. Energy Systems Laboratory Groundbreaking

    ScienceCinema

    Hill, David; Otter, C.L.; Simpson, Mike; Rogers, J.W.;

    2013-05-28

    INL recently broke ground for a research facility that will house research programs for bioenergy, advanced battery systems, and new hybrid energy systems that integrate renewable, fossil and nuclear energy sources. Here's video from the groundbreaking ceremony for INL's new Energy Systems Laboratory. You can learn more about CAES research at http://www.facebook.com/idahonationallaboratory.

  14. On Faculty Reward Systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    James T. P. Yao; Jose M. Roesset

    2001-01-01

    The faculty reward systems are extremely important in the education of future engineers. In a typical faculty reward system for many research universities, teaching is not considered as important as research activities. In this paper, the current faculty reward systems are critically reviewed with suggestions made for further improvements. Although there are encouraging signs, it is our belief that we

  15. Hybrid Mechanical Systems

    E-print Network

    Philipp Treutlein; Claudiu Genes; Klemens Hammerer; Martino Poggio; Peter Rabl

    2015-01-06

    We discuss hybrid systems in which a mechanical oscillator is coupled to another (microscopic) quantum system, such as trapped atoms or ions, solid-state spin qubits, or superconducting devices. We summarize and compare different coupling schemes and describe first experimental implementations. Hybrid mechanical systems enable new approaches to quantum control of mechanical objects, precision sensing, and quantum information processing.

  16. Information extraction system

    DOEpatents

    Lemmond, Tracy D; Hanley, William G; Guensche, Joseph Wendell; Perry, Nathan C; Nitao, John J; Kidwell, Paul Brandon; Boakye, Kofi Agyeman; Glaser, Ron E; Prenger, Ryan James

    2014-05-13

    An information extraction system and methods of operating the system are provided. In particular, an information extraction system for performing meta-extraction of named entities of people, organizations, and locations as well as relationships and events from text documents are described herein.

  17. Developing Effective TV Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rankins, Ron P.

    This case study of the planning and organization of an on-campus educational television system, designed as both an instructional and a service oriented resource, includes descriptions of the goals of the system, the equipment purchased, and problems encountered. It was found that a versatile and relatively sophisticated system could be…

  18. Intelligent parking systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dusan Teodorovic; Panta Lucic

    2006-01-01

    The basic concepts of the parking reservation system and parking revenue management system are discussed in this paper. The proposed “intelligent” parking space inventory control system that is based on a combination of fuzzy logic and integer programming techniques makes “on line” decisions whether to accept or reject a new driver’s request for parking. In the first step of the

  19. Firefighter's Breathing System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mclaughlan, P. B.; Giorgini, E. A.; Sullivan, J. L.; Simmonds, M. R.; Beck, E. J.

    1976-01-01

    System, based on open-loop demand-type compressed air concept, is lighter and less bulky than former systems, yet still provides thirty minutes of air supply. Comfort, visibility, donning time, and breathing resistance have been improved. Apparatus is simple to recharge and maintain and is comparable in cost to previously available systems.

  20. Cooling Water Systems Module

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Center for the Advancement of Process Technology presents this free sample module on cooling water systems in the process industry. The material includes 21 slides and will help learners understand related terms, the purpose of the basic equipment involved in cooling water systems and the safety, health and environmental concerns involved with these systems.

  1. Spacecraft energy storage systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Ginter; G. Gisler; J. Hanks; D. Havenhill; W. Robinson; L. Spina

    1998-01-01

    Flywheel Energy Storage Systems represent an exciting alternative to traditional battery storage systems used to power satellites during periods of eclipse. The increasing demand for reliable communication and data access is driving explosive growth in the number of satellite systems being developed as well as their performance requirements. Power-on orbit is the key to this performance, and batteries are becoming

  2. System integration report

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Badler, N. I.; Korein, J. D.; Meyer, C.; Manoochehri, K.; Rovins, J.; Beale, J.; Barr, B.

    1985-01-01

    Several areas that arise from the system integration issue were examined. Intersystem analysis is discussed as it relates to software development, shared data bases and interfaces between TEMPUS and PLAID, shaded graphics rendering systems, object design (BUILD), the TEMPUS animation system, anthropometric lab integration, ongoing TEMPUS support and maintenance, and the impact of UNIX and local workstations on the OSDS environment.

  3. TESTING INTRUSION DETECTION SYSTEMS

    E-print Network

    July 2003 TESTING INTRUSION DETECTION SYSTEMS Elizabeth B. Lennon, Editor Information Technology detection systems (IDSs) are now stan dard equipment for large networks. IDSs are software or hardware, An Over view of Issues in Testing Intrusion Detec tion Systems, by Peter Mell and Vincent Hu of NIST

  4. Economical space power systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Burkholder, J. H.

    1980-01-01

    A commercial approach to design and fabrication of an economical space power system is investigated. Cost projections are based on a 2 kW space power system conceptual design taking into consideration the capability for serviceability, constraints of operation in space, and commercial production engineering approaches. A breakdown of the system design, documentation, fabrication, and reliability and quality assurance estimated costs are detailed.

  5. AIR QUALITY MONITORING SYSTEM

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Boyanka Marinova Nikolova; Marin Berov Marinov; Georgi Todorov Nikolov

    Detection of low concentration of air pollution, like cigarette smoke, cooking fumes, etc. is possible with the combination of an air quality sensor and data acquisition system. In present paper is presented approach for design and implementation of air quality monitoring system based on tin dioxide gas sensor, integrated temperature and humidity sensors, portable modular data acquisition system and graphical

  6. Desiccant humidity control system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Amazeen, J. (editor)

    1973-01-01

    A regenerable sorbent system was investigated for controlling the humidity and carbon dioxide concentration of the space shuttle cabin atmosphere. The sorbents considered for water and carbon dioxide removal were silica gel and molecular sieves. Bed optimization and preliminary system design are discussed along with system optimization studies and weight penalites.

  7. System Generated Email Notifications

    E-print Network

    Shyy, Wei

    Proposal Management System Generated Email Notifications Last updated: 3/14/2014 1 of 7 http://eresearch.umich.edu System-generated Email Notifications The eResearch Proposal Management system generates email notifications on certain state transitions and upon the completion of certain events/activities. All email

  8. Body Defenses Immune System

    E-print Network

    Cochran-Stafira, D. Liane

    The Lymphatic System Consists of lymphatic vessels and the lymphatic organs Four main functions; Lymphatic of lipoproteins from the small intestines and transport them to the bloodstream; Lymphatic system produces Vessels & Organs Form a one-way system of capillaries, vessels, and ducts Lymphatic vessels take up

  9. Systems Thinking 1: Introduction

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Linda Vanasupa

    Introduction to the concept of a dynamic system. Includes discussion of system and surroundings and system boundaries. This video is part of the Sustainability Learning Suites, made possible in part by a grant from the National Science Foundation. See 'Learn more about this resource' for Learning Objectives, Assessment, and Activities.

  10. Heat pump defrost system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    McCarty

    1979-01-01

    The present invention relates to a defrost arrangement for refrigeration systems and in the preferred embodiment to reverse cycle, heat pump refrigeration systems. A secondary defrost circuit is provided including valves which permit refrigerant flow to by-pass the compressor and the expansion device only when compressor operation terminates and the system prssure differential is equalized. The refrigerant flow in the

  11. Neutrino Factory Downstream Systems

    SciTech Connect

    Zisman, Michael S.

    2009-12-23

    We describe the Neutrino Factory accelerator systems downstream from the target and capture area. These include the bunching and phase rotation, cooling, acceleration, and decay ring systems. We also briefly discuss the R&D program under way to develop these systems, and indicate areas where help from CERN would be invaluable.

  12. Polymerase chain reaction system

    DOEpatents

    Benett, William J.; Richards, James B.; Stratton, Paul L.; Hadley, Dean R.; Milanovich, Fred P.; Belgrader, Phil; Meyer, Peter L.

    2004-03-02

    A portable polymerase chain reaction DNA amplification and detection system includes one or more chamber modules. Each module supports a duplex assay of a biological sample. Each module has two parallel interrogation ports with a linear optical system. The system is capable of being handheld.

  13. Complex systems and valuation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Karin E. Limburg; Robert V. O'neill; Robert Costanza; Stephen Farber

    2002-01-01

    Ecological and economic systems are undeniably complex. Whereas a goal of delineating ‘ecosystem services’ is to make readily apparent some of the important ways in which ecosystems underpin human welfare, insights are also gained by appreciating the nonlinear dynamic properties of ecosystems. In this paper, we review some of the relevant characteristics of complex systems. Ecosystems and economic systems share

  14. Special Education Resource System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kampert, George J.

    The guide to the Special Education Resource System (SERS) of the Flour Bluff (Texas) school system contains policies and procedures regarding organization, services, and process of the system. Noted is the SERS purpose of providing information and access to appropriate instructional media and materials for special education personnel. Briefly…

  15. Embedded system design

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Raul Camposano; Jörg Wilberg

    1996-01-01

    In the past decade the main engine of electronic design automation has been the widespread application of ASICs (Application Specific Integrated Circuits). Present technology supports complete systems on a chip, most often used as so-called embedded systems in an increasing number of applications. Embedded systems pose new design challenges which we believe will be the driving forces of design automation

  16. Egyptian Caste System

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Ms. Issen

    2009-09-17

    Understand the culture, character, and societal characteristics of different classes in the ancient Egyptian caste system Understand the culture, character, and societal characteristics of different classes in the ancient Egyptian caste system Go to these sites to learn about the Egyptian Caste System ...

  17. SI System of Measurements

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This PDF document is a quick reference for the International System of Units (SI). SI is a "globally accepted standard for measurements in science and for economic trade." SI is also known as the metric system. This sheet explains the fundamentals of this system of measurement and will serve as a useful reference for many science or mathematics classes.

  18. Energy Systems Laboratory Groundbreaking

    SciTech Connect

    Hill, David; Otter, C.L.; Simpson, Mike; Rogers, J.W.

    2011-01-01

    INL recently broke ground for a research facility that will house research programs for bioenergy, advanced battery systems, and new hybrid energy systems that integrate renewable, fossil and nuclear energy sources. Here's video from the groundbreaking ceremony for INL's new Energy Systems Laboratory. You can learn more about CAES research at http://www.facebook.com/idahonationallaboratory.

  19. Waste heat recovery system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. J. Jr. Fallon; J. B. Blair; D. R. Phelps

    1978-01-01

    A system for recovering the waste heat normally exhausted into the atmosphere by chemical or other processing plants is described. The system comprises a substantially self-contained apparatus for receiving hot exhaust gases and extracting the waste heat for some beneficial use, such as pre-heating inlet air in an inlet plenum. The system may include temperature and pressure controls which enhance

  20. Prediction and Social Systems

    E-print Network

    Danforth, Chris

    Measuring Happiness Songs Blogs Microblogs Presidents Frame 6/68 Social Systems: Black Swan Events http://amazon.com: Black Swan Events http://amazon.com unpredictable #12;Measuring Happiness Prediction and Social Systems Microblogs Presidents Frame 6/68 Social Systems: Black Swan Events http://amazon.com unpredictable carries

  1. Personal Food System Mapping

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilsey, David; Dover, Sally

    2014-01-01

    Personal food system mapping is a practical means to engage community participants and educators in individualized and shared learning about food systems, decisions, and behaviors. Moreover, it is a useful approach for introducing the food system concept, which is somewhat abstract. We developed the approach to capture diversity of personal food…

  2. Plane waves Lumped systems

    E-print Network

    Berlin,Technische Universität

    1 Impedance · Plane waves ­ Lumped systems S x y z Impedance · Plane waves ­ Lumped systems · open tube #12;2 Impedance · Plane waves ­ Lumped systems · closed tube Impedance · Cylindrical waves z x y r

  3. Extrasolar Planetary Systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. V. Ksanfomaliti

    2000-01-01

    The discovery of planetary systems around alien stars is an outstanding achievement of recent years. The idea that the Solar System may be representative of planetary systems in the Galaxy in general develops upon the knowledge, current until the last decade of the 20th century, that it is the only object of its kind. Studies of the known planets gave

  4. A Miniature Turbocompressor System

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. Zwyssig; D. Krähenbühl; H. Weser; J. W. Kolar

    The trend in compressors for fuel cells, heat pumps, aerospace and automotive air pressurization, heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems, is towards ultra-compact size and high efficiency. This can be achieved by increasing the rotational speed and employing new electrical drive system technology and materials. This paper presents a miniature, electrically driven turbocompressor system running at a speed of 500

  5. Engineering pluripotent information systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ivan J. Jureta; Stéphane Faulkner; Jean Vanderdonckt

    2008-01-01

    A pluripotent information system is an open and distributed information system that (i) automatically adapts at runtime to changing operating conditions, and (ii) satisfies both the requirements anticipated at development time, and those unanticipated before but relevant at runtime. Engineering pluripotency into an information system therefore responds to two recurring critical issues: (i) the need for adaptability given the uncertainty

  6. Choosing an Automated System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karetzky, Stephen

    1998-01-01

    Offers tips for choosing an automated library system. Topics include dealing with vendors; talking to other librarians; visiting a similar library with the same system; print sources for system information; demonstration disks; salespeople; costs; and learning about automation company competitors. (LRW)

  7. Integrated University Information Systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thomas Kudrass

    2006-01-01

    In this paper, we discuss the integration of heterogeneous databases with the example of a university information system, based on previous experiences in the implementation of some components. The paper stresses the new opportunities for universities resulting from database integration. We outline the target architecture for an integrated information system whose principle is the coupling of existing systems and the

  8. PERMIT COMPLIANCE SYSTEM (PCS)

    EPA Science Inventory

    The Permit Compliance System (PCS) is a computerized management information system which contains data on National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit-holding facilities. PCS keeps extensive records on more than 65,000 active water-discharge permits on sites loc...

  9. Geostar's system architectures

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lepkowski, Ronald J.

    1989-01-01

    Geostar is currently constructing a radiodetermination satellite system to provide position fixes and vehicle surveillance services, and has proposed a digital land mobile satellite service to provide data, facsimile and digitized voice services to low cost mobile users. The different system architectures for these two systems, are reviewed.

  10. FUNDAMENTALS OF TELEVISION SYSTEMS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    KESSLER, WILLIAM J.

    DESIGNED FOR A READER WITHOUT SPECIAL TECHNICAL KNOWLEDGE, THIS ILLUSTRATED RESOURCE PAPER EXPLAINS THE COMPONENTS OF A TELEVISION SYSTEM AND RELATES THEM TO THE COMPLETE SYSTEM. SUBJECTS DISCUSSED ARE THE FOLLOWING--STUDIO ORGANIZATION AND COMPATIBLE COLOR TELEVISION PRINCIPLES, WIRED AND RADIO TRANSMISSION SYSTEMS, DIRECT VIEW AND PROJECTION…

  11. Immune System Involvement

    MedlinePLUS

    ... is triggered by the immune system response in psoriasis. But methotrexate affects other systems in the body, too. New drugs, called biologics , have been designed to target very specific parts of the immune system response. What is the role of T cells? Psoriasis is frequently referred to as a "T-cell ...

  12. The KLOE trigger system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Adinolfi; A. Aloisio; F. Ambrosino; A. Andryakov; A. Antonelli; M. Antonelli; F. Anulli; C. Bacci; A. Bankamp; G. Barbiellini; F. Bellini; G. Bencivenni; S. Bertolucci; C. Bini; C. Bloise; V. Bocci; F. Bossi; P. Branchini; S. A. Bulychjov; G. Cabibbo; A. Calcaterra; R. Caloi; P. Campana; G. Capon; G. Carboni; A. Cardini; M. Casarsa; G. Cataldi; F. Ceradini; F. Cervelli; F. Cevenini; G. Chiefari; P. Ciambrone; S. Conetti; S. Conticelli; E. De Lucia; G. De Robertis; R. De Sangro; P. De Simone; G. De Zorzi; S. Dell’Agnello; E. Denig; A. Di Domenico; C. Di Donato; S. Di Falco; A. Doria; E. Drago; V. Elia; O. Erriquez; A. Farilla; G. Felici; A. Ferrari; M. L. Ferrer; G. Finocchiaro; C. Forti; A. Franceschi; P. Franzini; M. L. Gao; C. Gatti; P. Gauzzi; S. Giovannella; V. Golovatyuk; E. Gorini; F. Grancagnolo; W. Grandegger; E. Graziani; P. Guarnaccia; U. v. Hagel; H. G. Han; S. W. Han; X. Huang; M. Incagli; L. Ingrosso; Y. Y. Jang; W. Kim; W. Kluge; V. Kulikov; F. Lacava; G. Lanfranchi; J. Lee-Franzini; F. Lomtadze; C. Luisi; C. S. Mao; M. Martemianov; M. Matsyuk; W. Mei; L. Merola; R. Messi; S. Miscetti; A. Moalem; S. Moccia; M. Moulson; S. Mueller; F. Murtas; M. Napolitano; A. Nedosekin; M. Panareo; L. Pacciani; P. Pagès; M. Palutan; L. Paoluzi; E. Pasqualucci; L. Passalacqua; M. Passaseo; A. Passeri; V. Patera; E. Petrolo; G. Petrucci; D. Picca; G. Pirozzi; C. Pistillo; M. Pollack; L. Pontecorvo; M. Primavera; F. Ruggieri; P. Santangelo; E. Santovetti; G. Saracino; R. D. Schamberger; C. Schwick; B. Sciascia; A. Sciubba; F. Scuri; I. Sfiligoi; J. Shan; P. Silano; T. Spadaro; S. Spagnolo; E. Spiriti; C. Stanescu; G. L. Tong; L. Tortora; E. Valente; P. Valente; B. Valeriani; G. Venanzoni; S. Veneziano; Y. Wu; Y. G. Xie; P. P. Zhao; Y. Zhou

    2001-01-01

    A double-level trigger system has been developed for the KLOE experiment. Custom electronics asserts a trigger in a 2?s decision time. The decision is based on the combined information of the electromagnetic calorimeter and the drift chamber. The entire trigger system is continuously monitored, and data flowing from the trigger system have allowed both an efficient online monitoring of the

  13. Facilities Data System Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Acridge, Charles W.; Ford, Tim M.

    The purposes of this manual are to set forth the scope and procedures for the maintenance and operation of the University of California facilities Data System (FDX) and to serve as a reference document for users of the system. FDX is an information system providing planning and management data about the existing physical plant. That is, it…

  14. Solving Systems of Equations

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Mrs. Ball

    2012-09-13

    Learn how to solve systems of linear equations by graphing, substitution, and elimination. As we discovered in our Pet Sitters Unit, systems of equations are a useful way to model and solve real-world situations in business. They are also useful in science and social science applications. This online unit will help you become an expert at solving systems of linear equations. 1) ...

  15. Smart Information Systems Presents...

    E-print Network

    Michalek, Jeremy J.

    the UK. Central to all regions is a collection of databases and query management systems called the Smart Information System. This stores and updates information from supermarkets, manufacturers and consumerSmart Information Systems Presents... AWARE TM Developed for Interea Inc by Team Five: · Jeremy

  16. Introduction Systems Engineering Fundamentals ENGINEERING

    E-print Network

    Rhoads, James

    Introduction Systems Engineering Fundamentals i SYSTEMS ENGINEERING FUNDAMENTALS January 2001;Systems Engineering Fundamentals Introduction ii #12;Introduction Systems Engineering Fundamentals iii ............................................................................................................................................. iv PART 1. INTRODUCTION Chapter 1. Introduction to Systems Engineering Management

  17. Petascale system management experiences.

    SciTech Connect

    Desai, N.; Bradshaw, R.; Lueninghoener, C.; Cherry, A.; Coghlan, S.; Scullin, W. (LCF); ( MCS)

    2008-01-01

    Petascale High-Performance Computing (HPC) systems are among the largest systems in the world. Intrepid, one such system, is a 40,000 node, 556 teraflop Blue Gene/P system that has been deployed at Argonne National Laboratory. In this paper, we provide some background about the system and our administration experiences. In particular, due to the scale of the system, we have faced a variety of issues, some surprising to us, that are not common in the commodity world. We discuss our expectations, these issues, and approaches we have used to address them. HPC systems are a bellwether for computing systems at large, in multiple regards. HPC users are motivated by the need for absolute performance; this results in two important pushes. HPC users are frequently early adopters of new technologies and techniques. Successful technologies, like Infiniband, prove their value in HPC before gaining wider adoption. Unfortunately, this early adoption alone is not sufficient to achieve the levels of performance required by HPC users; parallelism must also be harnessed. Over the last 15 years, beowulf clustering has provided amazing accessibility to non-HPC-savvy and even non-technical audiences. During this time, substantial adoption of clustering has occurred in many market segments unrelated to computational science. A simple trend has emerged: the scale and performance of high-end HPC systems are uncommon at first, but become commonplace over the course of 3-5 years. For example, in early 2003, several systems on the Top500 list consisted of either 1024 nodes or 4096-8192 cores. In 2008, such systems are commonplace. The most recent generation of high-end HPC systems, so called petascale systems, are the culmination of years of research and development in research and academia. Three such systems have been deployed thus far. In addition to the 556 TF Intrepid system at Argonne National Laboratory, a 596 TF Blue Gene/L-based system has been deployed at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, and a 504 TF Opteron-based system has been deployed at Texas Advanced Computing Center (TACC). Intrepid is comprised of 40,960 nodes with a total of 163,840 cores. While systems like these are uncommon now, we expect them to become more widespread in the coming years. The scale of these large systems impose several requirements upon system architecture. The need for scalability is obvious, however, power efficiency and density constraints have become increasingly important in recent years. At the same time, because the size of administrative staff cannot grow linearly with the system size, more efficient system management techniques are needed. In this paper we will describe our experiences administering Intrepid. Over the last year, we have experienced a number of interesting challenges in this endeavor. Our initial expectation was for scalability to be the dominant system issue. This expectation was not accurate. Several issues expected to have minor impact have played a much greater role in system operations. Debugging, due to the large numbers of components used in scalable system operations, has become a much more difficult endeavor. The system has a sophisticated monitoring system, however, the analysis of this data has been problematic. These issues are not specific to HPC workloads in any way, so we expect them to be of general interest. This paper consists of three major parts. First, we will provide a detailed overview of several important aspects of Intrepid's hardware and software. In this, we will highlight aspects that have featured prominently in our system management experiences. Next, we will describe our administration experiences in detail. Finally, we will draw some conclusions based on these experiences. In particular, we will discuss the implications for the non-HPC world, system managers, and system software developers.

  18. SNS Cryogenic Systems Commissioning

    SciTech Connect

    Hatfield, D.; Casagrande, F.; Campisi, I.; Gurd, P.; Howell, M.; Stout, D.; Strong, H. [SNS Project, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, 37831 (United States); Arenius, D.; Creel, J.; Dixon, K.; Ganni, V.; Knudsen, P. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), Newport News, Virginia, 23606 (United States)

    2006-04-27

    The Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) is under construction at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The cold section of the Linac consists of 81 superconducting radio frequency cavities cooled to 2.1K by a 2400 watt cryogenic refrigeration system. The major cryogenic system components include warm helium compressors with associated oil removal and gas management, 4.5K cold box, 7000L liquid helium dewar, 2.1K cold box (consisting of 4 stages of cold compressors), gaseous helium storage, helium purification and gas impurity monitoring system, liquid nitrogen storage and the cryogenic distribution transfer line system. The overall system commissioning and future plans will be presented.

  19. Text Exchange System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Snyder, W. V.; Hanson, R. J.

    1986-01-01

    Text Exchange System (TES) exchanges and maintains organized textual information including source code, documentation, data, and listings. System consists of two computer programs and definition of format for information storage. Comprehensive program used to create, read, and maintain TES files. TES developed to meet three goals: First, easy and efficient exchange of programs and other textual data between similar and dissimilar computer systems via magnetic tape. Second, provide transportable management system for textual information. Third, provide common user interface, over wide variety of computing systems, for all activities associated with text exchange.

  20. Computer system specialist

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Iowa Public Television. School to Careers Project

    2002-01-01

    What do computer system specialists actually do? This is the introductory page for a set of materials about a career as a computer system specialist. Here the job of a computer system specialist is defined and described. Computer system specialists identify and fix computer problems that may be related to hardware, software, or networks. In the rest of the resource, students can examine two specialized job titles associated with computer system specialists: network specialist and database administrator. Students can view video clips of the network specialist and database administrator at work. Students can also listen to 16 answers the network specialist provides to questions about his job. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

  1. Vulnerability of dynamic systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Siljak, D. D.

    1976-01-01

    Directed graphs are associated with dynamic systems in order to determine in any given system if each state can be reached by at least one input (input reachability), or can each state reach at least one output (output reachability). Then, the structural perturbations of a dynamic system are identified as lines or points removals from the corresponding digraph, and a system is considered vulnerable at those lines or points of the digraph whose removal destroys its input or output reachability. A suitable framework is formulated for resolving the problems of reachability and vulnerability which applies to both linear and nonlinear systems alike.

  2. Smart vehicular transportation systems

    SciTech Connect

    Little, C.Q.; Wilson, C.W.

    1997-05-01

    This work builds upon established Sandia intelligent systems technology to develop a unique approach for the integration of intelligent system control into the US Highway and urban transportation systems. The Sandia developed concept of the COPILOT controller integrates a human driver with computer control to increase human performance while reducing reliance on detailed driver attention. This research extends Sandia expertise in sensor based, real-time control of robotics systems to high speed transportation systems. Knowledge in the form of maps and performance characteristics of vehicles provides the automatic decision making intelligence needed to plan optimum routes, maintain safe driving speeds and distances, avoid collisions, and conserve fuel.

  3. External pressure measurement system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chandler, Jon K.; Fowler, Don P.

    Hydraulic systems comprise an important part of jet aircraft and their pressure needs must be checked constantly. Tests of the prototype external pressure measurement system show that it is possible to accurately convert the small expansion of tubing with pressure into a direct pressure reading without inserting a pressure gage into the piping system. The tool described in the paper is a clamp-on displacement transducer that can read pressure directly in PSI from 0 to 5000. Some limitations concerning temperature and accuracy should be remedied by additional design work. The system promises to streamline troubleshooting of all types of piping systems.

  4. FRIB cryogenic distribution system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ganni, V.; Dixon, K.; Laverdure, N.; Knudsen, P.; Arenius, D.; Barrios, M.; Jones, S.; Johnson, M.; Casagrande, F.

    2014-01-01

    The Michigan State University Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (MSU-FRIB) helium distribution system has been revised to include bayonet/warm valve type disconnects between each cryomodule and the transfer line distribution system, similar to the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (JLab) and the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) cryogenic distribution systems. The heat loads at various temperature levels and some of the features in the design of the distribution system are outlined. The present status, the plans for fabrication, and the procurement approach for the helium distribution system are also included.

  5. SNS Cryogenic Systems Commissioning

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hatfield, D.; Casagrande, F.; Campisi, I.; Gurd, P.; Howell, M.; Stout, D.; Strong, H.; Arenius, D.; Creel, J.; Dixon, K.; Ganni, V.; Knudsen, P.

    2006-04-01

    The Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) is under construction at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The cold section of the Linac consists of 81 superconducting radio frequency cavities cooled to 2.1K by a 2400 watt cryogenic refrigeration system. The major cryogenic system components include warm helium compressors with associated oil removal and gas management, 4.5K cold box, 7000L liquid helium dewar, 2.1K cold box (consisting of 4 stages of cold compressors), gaseous helium storage, helium purification and gas impurity monitoring system, liquid nitrogen storage and the cryogenic distribution transfer line system. The overall system commissioning and future plans will be presented.

  6. CNEOST Control Software System

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, X.; Zhao, H. B.; Xia, Y.; Lu, H.; Li, B.

    2015-03-01

    In 2013, CNEOST (China Near Earth Object Survey Telescope) adapted its hardware system for the new CCD camera. Based on the new system architecture, the control software is re-designed and implemented. The software system adopts the message passing mechanism via WebSocket protocol, and improves its flexibility, expansibility, and scalability. The user interface with responsive web design realizes the remote operating under both desktop and mobile devices. The stable operating of software system has greatly enhanced the operation efficiency while reducing the complexity, and has also made a successful attempt for the future system design of telescope and telescope cloud.

  7. ALFA Detector Control System

    E-print Network

    Oleiro Seabra, Luis Filipe; The ATLAS collaboration

    2015-01-01

    ALFA (Absolute Luminosity For ATLAS) is one of the sub-detectors of ATLAS (A Toroidal LHC Apparatus). The ALFA system is composed by four stations installed in the LHC tunnel 240 m away from the ATLAS interaction point. Each station has a vacuum and ventilation system, movement control and all the required electronics for signal processing. The Detector Control System (DCS) provides control and monitoring of several components and ensures the safe operation of the detector contributing to good Data Quality. This paper describes the ALFA DCS system including a detector overview, operation aspects and hardware control through a SCADA system, WinCC OA.

  8. ALFA Detector Control System

    E-print Network

    Oleiro Seabra, Luis Filipe; The ATLAS collaboration

    2015-01-01

    ALFA (Absolute Luminosity For ATLAS) is one of the sub-detectors of ATLAS/LHC. The ALFA system is composed by two stations installed in the LHC tunnel 240 m away from each side of the ATLAS interaction point. Each station has a vacuum and ventilation system, movement control and all the required electronic for signal processing. The Detector Control System (DCS) provides control and monitoring of several components and ensures the safe operation of the detector contributing to good Data Quality. This paper describes the ALFA DCS system including a detector overview, operation aspects and hardware control through a SCADA system, WinCC OA.

  9. Medical Imaging System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1991-01-01

    The MD Image System, a true-color image processing system that serves as a diagnostic aid and tool for storage and distribution of images, was developed by Medical Image Management Systems, Huntsville, AL, as a "spinoff from a spinoff." The original spinoff, Geostar 8800, developed by Crystal Image Technologies, Huntsville, incorporates advanced UNIX versions of ELAS (developed by NASA's Earth Resources Laboratory for analysis of Landsat images) for general purpose image processing. The MD Image System is an application of this technology to a medical system that aids in the diagnosis of cancer, and can accept, store and analyze images from other sources such as Magnetic Resonance Imaging.

  10. Model-Based Systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Frisch, Harold P.

    2007-01-01

    Engineers, who design systems using text specification documents, focus their work upon the completed system to meet Performance, time and budget goals. Consistency and integrity is difficult to maintain within text documents for a single complex system and more difficult to maintain as several systems are combined into higher-level systems, are maintained over decades, and evolve technically and in performance through updates. This system design approach frequently results in major changes during the system integration and test phase, and in time and budget overruns. Engineers who build system specification documents within a model-based systems environment go a step further and aggregate all of the data. They interrelate all of the data to insure consistency and integrity. After the model is constructed, the various system specification documents are prepared, all from the same database. The consistency and integrity of the model is assured, therefore the consistency and integrity of the various specification documents is insured. This article attempts to define model-based systems relative to such an environment. The intent is to expose the complexity of the enabling problem by outlining what is needed, why it is needed and how needs are being addressed by international standards writing teams.

  11. Exploration EVA System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kearney, Lara

    2004-01-01

    In January 2004, the President announced a new Vision for Space Exploration. NASA's Office of Exploration Systems has identified Extravehicular Activity (EVA) as a critical capability for supporting the Vision for Space Exploration. EVA is required for all phases of the Vision, both in-space and planetary. Supporting the human outside the protective environment of the vehicle or habitat and allow ing him/her to perform efficient and effective work requires an integrated EVA "System of systems." The EVA System includes EVA suits, airlocks, tools and mobility aids, and human rovers. At the core of the EVA System is the highly technical EVA suit, which is comprised mainly of a life support system and a pressure/environmental protection garment. The EVA suit, in essence, is a miniature spacecraft, which combines together many different sub-systems such as life support, power, communications, avionics, robotics, pressure systems and thermal systems, into a single autonomous unit. Development of a new EVA suit requires technology advancements similar to those required in the development of a new space vehicle. A majority of the technologies necessary to develop advanced EVA systems are currently at a low Technology Readiness Level of 1-3. This is particularly true for the long-pole technologies of the life support system.

  12. Active optical zoom system

    DOEpatents

    Wick, David V.

    2005-12-20

    An active optical zoom system changes the magnification (or effective focal length) of an optical imaging system by utilizing two or more active optics in a conventional optical system. The system can create relatively large changes in system magnification with very small changes in the focal lengths of individual active elements by leveraging the optical power of the conventional optical elements (e.g., passive lenses and mirrors) surrounding the active optics. The active optics serve primarily as variable focal-length lenses or mirrors, although adding other aberrations enables increased utility. The active optics can either be LC SLMs, used in a transmissive optical zoom system, or DMs, used in a reflective optical zoom system. By appropriately designing the optical system, the variable focal-length lenses or mirrors can provide the flexibility necessary to change the overall system focal length (i.e., effective focal length), and therefore magnification, that is normally accomplished with mechanical motion in conventional zoom lenses. The active optics can provide additional flexibility by allowing magnification to occur anywhere within the FOV of the system, not just on-axis as in a conventional system.

  13. Space Nuclear Power Systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Houts, Michael G.

    2012-01-01

    Fission power and propulsion systems can enable exciting space exploration missions. These include bases on the moon and Mars; and the exploration, development, and utilization of the solar system. In the near-term, fission surface power systems could provide abundant, constant, cost-effective power anywhere on the surface of the Moon or Mars, independent of available sunlight. Affordable access to Mars, the asteroid belt, or other destinations could be provided by nuclear thermal rockets. In the further term, high performance fission power supplies could enable both extremely high power levels on planetary surfaces and fission electric propulsion vehicles for rapid, efficient cargo and crew transfer. Advanced fission propulsion systems could eventually allow routine access to the entire solar system. Fission systems could also enable the utilization of resources within the solar system.

  14. Expert systems in space

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Leinweber, David

    The requirements of expert systems for monitoring and real-time control of processes on space platforms and the Space Station are described, along with a prototype system. Emphasis is on process intelligent control (PICON) written in Lisp, giving the expert system the capability of taking care of problems while maintaining operational continuity. Design criteria include rapid focusing on relevant sensors, fast data collection during critical events, analysis of the temporal history of sensor values, discerning the causes of anomalies from their effects through knowledge of the underlying process structure, and amenability to command sequence inputs. Techniques for using PICON to develop expert systems for specific roles and with the capability of interacting with other systems, for knowledge engineering, and to imbue the system with the ability to reason about data quality are explored. A sample application, control of the electrical power system for the Space Station, is outlined.

  15. Airborne atmospheric sampling system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gustafsson, U. R. C.; Perkins, P. J.; Nyland, T. W.; Tiefermann, M. W.; Dudzinski, T. J.

    1979-01-01

    The atmospheric sampling system developed for use on board commercial airliners as part of the Global Atmospheric Sampling Program (GASP) is described. The automated air-constituent measuring system is installed in a Boeing 747 airliner below the passenger cabin floor near the nose wheel well. It consists of an air sample flow system, composed of air inlet and pressurization systems, computerized data acquisition and system control units which direct system operation in 15 modes, and commercial instruments significantly modified to measure low levels of atmospheric constituents (ozone, water vapor, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, chlorofluoromethanes, particulates, condensation nuclei, sulfates and nitrates). Flight and meteorological data, including air temperature and altitude, are also recorded. The system is designed for servicing at 14-day intervals, and to require a minimum of aircrew involvement.

  16. Relativistic Positioning Systems

    E-print Network

    Bartolomé Coll

    2006-02-01

    The theory of relativistic {\\em location systems} is sketched. An interesting class of these systems is that of relativistic {\\em positioning systems,} which consists in sets of four clocks broadcasting their proper time. Among them, the more important ones are the {\\em auto-located positioning systems,} in which every clock broadcasts not only its proper time but the proper times that it receives from the other three. At this level, no reference to any exterior system (the Earth surface, for example) and no synchronization are needed. Some properties are presented. In the SYPOR project, such a structure is proposed, eventually anchored to a classical reference system on the Earth surface, as the best relativistic structure for Global Navigation Satellite Systems.

  17. Communication system modeling

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Holland, L. D.; Walsh, J. R., Jr.; Wetherington, R. D.

    1971-01-01

    This report presents the results of work on communications systems modeling and covers three different areas of modeling. The first of these deals with the modeling of signals in communication systems in the frequency domain and the calculation of spectra for various modulations. These techniques are applied in determining the frequency spectra produced by a unified carrier system, the down-link portion of the Command and Communications System (CCS). The second modeling area covers the modeling of portions of a communication system on a block basis. A detailed analysis and modeling effort based on control theory is presented along with its application to modeling of the automatic frequency control system of an FM transmitter. A third topic discussed is a method for approximate modeling of stiff systems using state variable techniques.

  18. Microgravity particle reduction system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Brandon, Vanessa; Joslin, Michelle; Mateo, Lili; Tubbs, Tracey

    1988-01-01

    The Controlled Ecological Life Support System (CELSS) project, sponsored by NASA, is assembling the knowledge required to design, construct, and operate a system which will grow and process higher plants in space for the consumption by crew members of a space station on a long term space mission. The problem of processing dry granular organic materials in microgravity is discussed. For the purpose of research and testing, wheat was chosen as the granular material to be ground into flour. Possible systems which were devised to transport wheat grains into the food processor, mill the wheat into flour, and transport the flour to the food preparation system are described. The systems were analyzed and compared and two satisfactory systems were chosen. Prototypes of the two preferred systems are to be fabricated next semester. They will be tested under simulated microgravity conditions and revised for maximum effectiveness.

  19. Secure software distribution system

    SciTech Connect

    Bartoletti, T.; Dobbs, L.A.; Kelley, M.

    1997-02-01

    Authenticating and upgrading system software plays a critical role in information security, yet practical tools for assessing and installing software are lacking in today`s marketplace. The Secure Software Distribution System (SSDS) will provide automated analysis, notification, distribution, and installation of security patches and related software to network-based computer systems in a vendor-independent fashion. SSDS will assist with the authentication of software by comparing the system`s objects with the patch`s objects. SSDS will monitor vendor`s patch sites to determine when new patches are released and will upgrade system software on target systems automatically. This paper describes the design of SSDS. Motivations behind the project, the advantages of SSDS over existing tools as well as the current status of the project are also discussed. 2 figs.

  20. Power Systems Control Architecture

    SciTech Connect

    James Davidson

    2005-01-01

    A diagram provided in the report depicts the complexity of the power systems control architecture used by the national power structure. It shows the structural hierarchy and the relationship of the each system to those other systems interconnected to it. Each of these levels provides a different focus for vulnerability testing and has its own weaknesses. In evaluating each level, of prime concern is what vulnerabilities exist that provide a path into the system, either to cause the system to malfunction or to take control of a field device. An additional vulnerability to consider is can the system be compromised in such a manner that the attacker can obtain critical information about the system and the portion of the national power structure that it controls.

  1. AUTOMATED SYSTEM FOR DATA MEASURING AND ANALYSES FROM EMBEDDED SYSTEMS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    ZDENEK MACHACEK; VILEM SROVNAL

    This paper presents the design of an automated system for signal processing in embedded systems. The design is worked out for an automatic predictive diagnostic system use. This automated system allows communication with embedded systems, an embedded systems control, a data collection from sensors, various signal analyses, and react to limits transcendence. Additionally, the developed system contains a transparent program

  2. A contemporary view of systems engineering. [definition of system and discussion of systems approach

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Miles, R. F., Jr.

    1974-01-01

    The concept of a 'system' is defined, and the 'systems approach' is discussed. Four contemporary examples of the systems approach are presented: an operations research project, the planning-programming-budgeting system, an information processing system, and aerospace programs.

  3. Control system health test system and method

    DOEpatents

    Hoff, Brian D.; Johnson, Kris W.; Akasam, Sivaprasad; Baker, Thomas M.

    2006-08-15

    A method is provided for testing multiple elements of a work machine, including a control system, a component, a sub-component that is influenced by operations of the component, and a sensor that monitors a characteristic of the sub-component. In one embodiment, the method is performed by the control system and includes sending a command to the component to adjust a first parameter associated with an operation of the component. Also, the method includes detecting a sensor signal from the sensor reflecting a second parameter associated with a characteristic of the sub-component and determining whether the second parameter is acceptable based on the command. The control system may diagnose at least one of the elements of the work machine when the second parameter of the sub-component is not acceptable.

  4. Continuous recovery system for electrorefiner system

    SciTech Connect

    Williamson, Mark A.; Wiedmeyer, Stanley G.; Willit, James L.; Barnes, Laurel A.; Blaskovitz, Robert J.

    2014-06-10

    A continuous recovery system for an electrorefiner system may include a trough having a ridge portion and a furrow portion. The furrow portion may include a first section and a second section. An inlet and exit pipe may be connected to the trough. The inlet pipe may include an outlet opening that opens up to the first section of the furrow portion of the trough. The exit pipe may include an entrance opening that opens up to the second section of the furrow portion of the trough. A chain may extend through the inlet and exit pipes and along the furrow portion of the trough. The chain may be in a continuous loop form. A plurality of flights may be secured to the chain. Accordingly, the desired product may be continuously harvested from the electrorefiner system without having to halt the electrical power and/or remove the cathode and anode assemblies.

  5. The Planetary Data System Distributed Inventory System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hughes, J. Steven; McMahon, Susan K.

    1996-01-01

    The advent of the World Wide Web (Web) and the ability to easily put data repositories on-line has resulted in a proliferation of digital libraries. The heterogeneity of the underlying systems, the autonomy of the individual sites, and distributed nature of the technology has made both interoperability across the sites and the search for resources within a site major research topics. This article will describe a system that addresses both issues using standard Web protocols and meta-data labels to implement an inventory of on-line resources across a group of sites. The success of this system is strongly dependent on the existence of and adherence to a standards architecture that guides the management of meta-data within participating sites.

  6. Environmental Control and Life Support Systems and Power Systems ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Environmental Control and Life Support Systems and Power Systems - Space Transportation System, Orbiter Discovery (OV-103), Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center, 2101 NASA Parkway, Houston, Harris County, TX

  7. Intelligent System Controller for remote systems

    SciTech Connect

    Harrigan, R.W.

    1992-01-01

    The US Department of Energy's Office of Technology Development (OTD) has sponsored the development of the Generic Intelligent System Controller (GISC) for application to the clean up of hazardous waste sites. Of primary interest to the OTD is the development of technologies which result in faster, safer, and cheaper cleanup of hazardous waste sites than possible using conventional approaches. An objective of the GISC development project is to achieve these goals by developing a modular robotics control approach which reduces the time and cost of development by allowing reuse of control system software and uses computer models to improve the safety of remote site cleanup while reducing the time and life cycle costs.

  8. CEV Seat Attenuation System System Design Tasks

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Goodman, Jerry R.; McMichael, James H.

    2007-01-01

    The Apollo crew / couch restraint system was designed to support and restrain three crew members during all phases of the mission from launch to landing. The crew couch used supported the crew for launch, landing and in-flight operations, and was foldable and removable for EVA ingress/egress through side hatch access and for in-flight access under the seat and in other areas of the crew compartment. The couch and the seat attenuation system was designed to control the impact loads imposed on the crew during landing and to remain non-functional during all other flight phases.

  9. Automated biowaste sampling system feces monitoring system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hunt, S. R.; Glanfield, E. J.

    1979-01-01

    The Feces Monitoring System (FMS) Program designed, fabricated, assembled and tested an engineering model waste collector system (WCS) to be used in support of life science and medical experiments related to Shuttle missions. The FMS design was patterned closely after the Shuttle WCS, including: interface provisions; mounting; configuration; and operating procedures. These similarities make it possible to eventually substitute an FMS for the Shuttle WCS of Orbiter. In addition, several advanced waste collection features, including the capability of real-time inertial fecal separation and fecal mass measurement and sampling were incorporated into the FMS design.

  10. Nemesis Autonomous Test System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Barltrop, Kevin J.; Lee, Cin-Young; Horvath, Gregory A,; Clement, Bradley J.

    2012-01-01

    A generalized framework has been developed for systems validation that can be applied to both traditional and autonomous systems. The framework consists of an automated test case generation and execution system called Nemesis that rapidly and thoroughly identifies flaws or vulnerabilities within a system. By applying genetic optimization and goal-seeking algorithms on the test equipment side, a "war game" is conducted between a system and its complementary nemesis. The end result of the war games is a collection of scenarios that reveals any undesirable behaviors of the system under test. The software provides a reusable framework to evolve test scenarios using genetic algorithms using an operation model of the system under test. It can automatically generate and execute test cases that reveal flaws in behaviorally complex systems. Genetic algorithms focus the exploration of tests on the set of test cases that most effectively reveals the flaws and vulnerabilities of the system under test. It leverages advances in state- and model-based engineering, which are essential in defining the behavior of autonomous systems. It also uses goal networks to describe test scenarios.

  11. Systems Integration Challenges for a National Space Launch System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    May, Todd A.

    2011-01-01

    System Integration was refined through the complexity and early failures experienced in rocket flight. System Integration encompasses many different viewpoints of the system development. System Integration must ensure consistency in development and operations activities. Human Space Flight tends toward large, complex systems. Understanding the system fs operational and use context is the guiding principle for System Integration: (1) Sizeable costs can be driven into systems by not fully understanding context (2). Adhering to the system context throughout the system fs life cycle is essential to maintaining efficient System Integration. System Integration exists within the System Architecture. Beautiful systems are simple in use and operation -- Block upgrades facilitate manageable steps in functionality evolution. Effective System Integration requires a stable system concept. Communication is essential to system simplicity

  12. Quality monitored distributed voting system

    DOEpatents

    Skogmo, D.

    1997-03-18

    A quality monitoring system can detect certain system faults and fraud attempts in a distributed voting system. The system uses decoy voters to cast predetermined check ballots. Absent check ballots can indicate system faults. Altered check ballots can indicate attempts at counterfeiting votes. The system can also cast check ballots at predetermined times to provide another check on the distributed voting system. 6 figs.

  13. Quality monitored distributed voting system

    DOEpatents

    Skogmo, David (Albuquerque, NM)

    1997-01-01

    A quality monitoring system can detect certain system faults and fraud attempts in a distributed voting system. The system uses decoy voters to cast predetermined check ballots. Absent check ballots can indicate system faults. Altered check ballots can indicate attempts at counterfeiting votes. The system can also cast check ballots at predetermined times to provide another check on the distributed voting system.

  14. Power system commonality study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Littman, Franklin D.

    1992-07-01

    A limited top level study was completed to determine the commonality of power system/subsystem concepts within potential lunar and Mars surface power system architectures. A list of power system concepts with high commonality was developed which can be used to synthesize power system architectures which minimize development cost. Examples of potential high commonality power system architectures are given in this report along with a mass comparison. Other criteria such as life cycle cost (which includes transportation cost), reliability, safety, risk, and operability should be used in future, more detailed studies to select optimum power system architectures. Nineteen potential power system concepts were identified and evaluated for planetary surface applications including photovoltaic arrays with energy storage, isotope, and nuclear power systems. A top level environmental factors study was completed to assess environmental impacts on the identified power system concepts for both lunar and Mars applications. Potential power system design solutions for commonality between Mars and lunar applications were identified. Isotope, photovoltaic array (PVA), regenerative fuel cell (RFC), stainless steel liquid-metal cooled reactors (less than 1033 K maximum) with dynamic converters, and in-core thermionic reactor systems were found suitable for both lunar and Mars environments. The use of SP-100 thermoelectric (TE) and SP-100 dynamic power systems in a vacuum enclosure may also be possible for Mars applications although several issues need to be investigated further (potential single point failure of enclosure, mass penalty of enclosure and active pumping system, additional installation time and complexity). There are also technical issues involved with development of thermionic reactors (life, serviceability, and adaptability to other power conversion units). Additional studies are required to determine the optimum reactor concept for Mars applications. Various screening criteria (availability, environmental compatibility, mass competitiveness of energy storage, safety, and practicality for the application) were used to define concept applicability for each lunar and Mars application. A screening study resulted in 13 power systems for lunar applications and 15 for Mars applications. A commonality analysis showed several power systems with potentially high commonality (across both lunar and Mars applications). These high commonality systems include d PVA/RFC, dynamic isotope (1033 K Stirling, 1133 K Brayton, and 1300 K Brayton PCU's), SP-100 TE and dynamic derivatives (Mars systems required vacuum enclosure), in-core thermionic reactor, and liquid metal cooled reactor/Stirling cycle (1033 K). The generic commonality results were used to synthesize 3 high commonality power system architectures: (1) predominantly PV (limited nuclear and isotope), (2) predominantly in-core thermionic reactor/DIPS, and (3) predominantly SP-100 reactor/DIPS. The in-core thermionic reactor/DIPS power system architecture had the lowest total mass. Specific outputs from this study included lists of power system requirements, power system candidates, a power system application matrix, power system characteristics (mass), power system commonality ratings, example high commonality power system architectures, architecture masses, and issues/design solutions for lunar/Mars commonality.

  15. The Solar System

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    National Science Teachers Association (NSTA)

    2007-03-21

    The Solar System SciPack explores the solar system and the various bodies within it. The focus in on the Standards and Benchmarks related to how we have learned about the solar system and what we know about the planets, moons, and other bodies in the solar system. Special focus is also given to how the solar system and its bodies formed. In addition to comprehensive inquiry-based learning materials tied to Science Education Standards and Benchmarks, the SciPack includes the following additional components:? Pedagogical Implications section addressing common misconceptions, teaching resources and strand maps linking grade band appropriate content to standards. ? Access to one-on-one support via e-mail to content "Wizards".? Final Assessment which can be used to certify mastery of the concepts.Learning Outcomes:Solar System: The Earth in Space? Explain that we discovered and learn about the other planets through the use of various kinds of telescopes, space probes, and other technologies.? Relate observations of the motion of objects in the sky to a Sun-centric model of the solar system, including observations of the "wandering" stars (planets) from Earth's frame of reference.? Recognize that Earth is one of the planets in the solar system, that it orbits the Sun just as the other planets do.Solar System: A Look at the Planets? Describe, compare, and contrast the following basic features of the planets in our solar system: size, composition, atmosphere, periods of rotation and revolution, surface features, and ring systems.? Describe the similarities and differences between the terrestrial and Jovian planets.? Describe, compare, and contrast the characteristics of planetary moons in our solar system.Solar System: Asteroids, Comets, and Meteorites? Describe the similarities and differences in comets, asteroids, and meteors.? Describe the size, composition, and motion of meteors, asteroids, and comets.? Differentiate between meteors, meteorites, and meteoroids, and explain what happens to meteors as they fall through Earth's atmosphere.? Explain how we learn about asteroids, comets, and meteorites.Solar System: Formation of Our Solar System? Provide the basic story line of how the solar system may have formed from the debris of exploding stars. ? Relate the different characteristics and features of the planets to their different distances from the sun.? Explain some of the methods scientists have used to learn about the formation and evolution of the solar system.

  16. Reproducibility in a multiprocessor system

    DOEpatents

    Bellofatto, Ralph A; Chen, Dong; Coteus, Paul W; Eisley, Noel A; Gara, Alan; Gooding, Thomas M; Haring, Rudolf A; Heidelberger, Philip; Kopcsay, Gerard V; Liebsch, Thomas A; Ohmacht, Martin; Reed, Don D; Senger, Robert M; Steinmacher-Burow, Burkhard; Sugawara, Yutaka

    2013-11-26

    Fixing a problem is usually greatly aided if the problem is reproducible. To ensure reproducibility of a multiprocessor system, the following aspects are proposed; a deterministic system start state, a single system clock, phase alignment of clocks in the system, system-wide synchronization events, reproducible execution of system components, deterministic chip interfaces, zero-impact communication with the system, precise stop of the system and a scan of the system state.

  17. Operations management system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Brandli, A. E.; Eckelkamp, R. E.; Kelly, C. M.; Mccandless, W.; Rue, D. L.

    1990-01-01

    The objective of an operations management system is to provide an orderly and efficient method to operate and maintain aerospace vehicles. Concepts are described for an operations management system and the key technologies are highlighted which will be required if this capability is brought to fruition. Without this automation and decision aiding capability, the growing complexity of avionics will result in an unmanageable workload for the operator, ultimately threatening mission success or survivability of the aircraft or space system. The key technologies include expert system application to operational tasks such as replanning, equipment diagnostics and checkout, global system management, and advanced man machine interfaces. The economical development of operations management systems, which are largely software, will require advancements in other technological areas such as software engineering and computer hardware.

  18. Thermochemical energy systems research

    SciTech Connect

    Nix, R.G.

    1983-08-01

    This paper describes research at SERI on heat-pumped thermochemical energy systems and thermochemical reduction of CO/sub 2/ to CO for open-loop solar energy transport. Analysis of the NaOH-H/sub 2/O heat-pumped system indicated cost-effectiveness relative to a hot oil solar system with parabolic trough receivers for production of 0.101 MPa saturated steam. Current work is on definition of high-temperature heat-pumped systems. Future work should be experimental with an objective of small-scale validation of high-temperature heat-pumped systems. The thermochemical CO/sub 2/ reduction is an extremely difficult and long-range research problem. Costs are unknown but are suspected to be high because of system complexity. The CO/sub 2/ reduction research should be de-emphasized.

  19. Computer systems analyst

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Iowa Public Television. School to Careers Project

    2002-01-01

    What do computer systems analysts actually do? This is the introductory page for a set of materials about a career as a computer systems analyst. Here the job of a computer systems analyst is defined and described. In the rest of the resource, students can examine three specialized job titles associated with computer system specialists: computer system administrator, senior network analyst, and programmer analyst. Students can view video clips of the computer system administrator, senior network analyst, and programmer analyst at work. A student challenge activity compares the records of 10 salespeople over a two-year period to determine who the best and worst salespeople are. Challenge activity answers and teacher suggestions are provided. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

  20. Multiple mirror control system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hampton, Peter J.; Bradley, Colin; Hilton, Aaron; Agathoklis, Pan

    2004-10-01

    This paper describes the current control system of the multi-conjugate adaptive optics (MCAO) test bench system that is being developed at the University of Victoria, BC, Canada. The design and analysis of a control system for an AO system employing a Micro-Electro-Mechanical-System (MEMS) based deformable mirror and a PI tilt mirror is presented. This paper focuses on modal control of one deformable mirror and a tilt mirror with a Shack-Hartmann wave front sensor. Diagrams of how all the components work together as a control system are given. Bandwidth measurements for a single delay integrator controller and for a matched delay integrator are presented. Analysis shows that matching the delays of the integrator to the delays of the optical feedback loop provides considerable improvement in bandwidth.

  1. Advanced photovoltaic power systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Goldsmith, P.; Reppucci, G. M.

    1977-03-01

    The state-of-the-art of synchronous orbit photovoltaic power systems is characterized including performance of solar arrays, batteries and power control components. Advanced developments in each of these areas are reviewed and projections are made for performance improvements in the 1980-1985 time period. It is estimated that overall photovoltaic power system specific weight could decrease from a present value of 126 kg/kW to approximately 43 kg/kW in 1985. These performance predictions are compared to projections of nuclear system performance over the same period. The analysis indicates that advanced photovoltaic power systems will exhibit specific weights which are lower than isotope and reactor nuclear systems at all power levels up to approximately 25 kW. At higher power levels, higher energy density batteries would be required to compete with the projected performance of advanced nuclear systems.

  2. Environmental Conservation Online System

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Environmental Conservation Online System (ECOS) is a gateway web site that provides access to data systems in the Endangered Species and Fisheries and Habitat Conservation program areas, as well as other FWS and Government data sources. ECOS provides a central point of access to assist FWS personnel in managing data and information as well as provide general public access to information from numerous FWS databases. ECOS allows users to view, query, and, in some cases, edit data. Some of the larger applications are: Threatened and Endangered Species System (TESS), Habitat Tracking Information System (HabITS), Fish Passage Decision Support System (FPDSS), Contaminant Assessment Program (CAP), and Environmental Contaminants Data Management System (ECDMS). Mapping capabilities are also available, utilizing spatially referenced data in these databases. The general mapping utility, Geotract, is an interactive tool that includes data relevant to many service personnel and the public. Other specialized mapping tools are available for specific project and end-user needs.

  3. Oxidative Tritium Decontamination System

    SciTech Connect

    Charles A. Gentile; John J. Parker; Gregory L. Guttadora; Lloyd P. Ciebiera

    2002-02-11

    The Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Tritium Systems Group has developed and fabricated an Oxidative Tritium Decontamination System (OTDS), which is designed to reduce tritium surface contamination on various components and items. The system is configured to introduce gaseous ozone into a reaction chamber containing tritiated items that require a reduction in tritium surface contamination. Tritium surface contamination (on components and items in the reaction chamber) is removed by chemically reacting elemental tritium to tritium oxide via oxidation, while purging the reaction chamber effluent to a gas holding tank or negative pressure HVAC system. Implementing specific concentrations of ozone along with catalytic parameters, the system is able to significantly reduce surface tritium contamination on an assortment of expendable and non-expendable items. This paper will present the results of various experimentation involving employment of this system.

  4. Integrated oxygen recovery system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lee, M. Gene; Davenport, Ronald J.

    1993-01-01

    Life Systems has conceptualized an innovative Integrated Oxygen Recovery System (IORS) applicable to advanced mission air revitalization. The IORS provides the capability to electrochemically generate metabolic oxygen (O2) and recover O2 from the space habitat atmosphere via a carbon dioxide (CO2) reduction process within a single assembly. To achieve this capability, the IORS utilizes a Solid Metal Cathode (SMC) water electrolysis unit that simultaneously serves as the Sabatier CO2 reduction reactor. The IORS enables two major life support systems currently baselined in closed loop air revitalization systems to be combined into one smaller, less complex system. This concept reduces fluidic and electrical interface requirements and eliminates a hydrogen (H2) interface. Life Systems is performing an evaluation of the IORS process directed at demonstrating performance and quantifying key physical characteristics including power, weight, and volume. The results of the checkout, shakedown, and initial parametric tests are summarized.

  5. Integrated oxygen recovery system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lee, M. Gene; Davenport, Ronald J.

    1993-01-01

    Life Systems has conceptualized an innovative Integrated Oxygen Recovery System (IORS) applicable to advanced mission air revitalization. The IORS provides the capability to electrochemically generate metabolic oxygen (O2) and recover O2 from the space habitat atmosphere via a carbon dioxide (CO2) reduction process within a single assembly. To achieve this capability, the IORS utilizes a Solid Metal Cathode (SMC) water electrolysis unit that simultaneously serves as the Sabatier CO2 reduction reactor. The IORS enables two major life support systems currently baselined in closed loop air revitalization systems to be combined into one smaller, less complex system. This concept reduces fluidic and electrical interface requirements and eliminates a hydrogen (H2) interface. Life Systems is performing an evaluation of the IORS process directed at demonstrating performance and quantifying key physical characteristics including power, weight, and volume. Technical progress achieved during the first two months of the program is summarized.

  6. Video animation system

    SciTech Connect

    Mareda, J.

    1985-01-01

    A video animation system is being used at Sandia Laboratories in Albuquerque to record computer generated images directly onto 3/4'' videocassettes. The system serves as a quick turn around process for previewing sequences prior to sending them to a Dicomed film recorder. It is also used when videocassette is appropriate for final output. The video animation system in place at Sandia is described. The system consists of a medium resolution graphics display system, a 3/4'' professional quality videocassette recorder, and a controller that allows single frame recording of computer generated images to be performed under program control. Examples of output produced using this system are presented which will include animated sequences of scientific data produced by DISSPLA programs.

  7. Toward intelligent information system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Komatsu, Sanzo

    NASA/RECON, the predecessor of DIALOG System, was originally designed as a user friendly system for astronauts, so that they should not miss-operate the machine in spite of tension in the outer space. Since then, DIALOG has endeavoured to develop a series of user friendly systems, such as knowledge index, inbound gateway, as well as Version II. In this so-called end user searching era, DIALOG has released a series of front end systems successively; DIALOG Business Connection, DIALOG Medical Connection and OneSearch in 1986, early and late 1987 respectively. They are all called expert systems. In this paper, the features of each system are described in some detail and the remaining critical issues are also discussed.

  8. Solar System Viewers

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Mike Ashbury

    This website contains three separate programs that produce animations of different aspects of our solar system. The Solar System Viewer indicates the location of terrestrial planets, gas giants, the asteroid belt, Kuiper Belt and comets in relation to the Sun. This program helps to give a sense of size and location within our solar system. The Other Solar Systems Viewer animates the recent discoveries of planets orbiting other stars. This application gives an animation of how these other solar systems operate. The Satellite Viewer animates the moons of the planets in our solar system to show their names and where they are located around their respective planets. The gas giants Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune have more than one animation to show the different groups of moons that orbit them. The moons and planets in this animation are to scale to indicate size comparisons.

  9. Idaho Explosives Detection System

    SciTech Connect

    Edward L. Reber; J. Keith Jewell; Larry G. Blackwood; Andrew J. Edwards; Kenneth W. Rohde; Edward H. Seabury

    2004-10-01

    The Idaho Explosives Detection System (IEDS) was developed at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) to respond to threats imposed by delivery trucks carrying explosives into military bases. A full-scale prototype system has been built and is currently undergoing testing. The system consists of two racks, one on each side of a subject vehicle. Each rack includes a neutron generator and an array of NaI detectors. The two neutron generators are pulsed and synchronized. A laptop computer controls the entire system. The control software is easily operable by minimally trained staff. The system was developed to detect explosives in a medium size truck within a 5-minute measurement time. System performance was successfully demonstrated with explosives at the INL in June 2004 and at Andrews Air Force Base in July 2004.

  10. Vital signs monitoring system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Steffen, Dale A. (Inventor); Sturm, Ronald E. (Inventor); Rinard, George A. (Inventor)

    1981-01-01

    A system is disclosed for monitoring vital physiological signs. Each of the system components utilizes a single hybrid circuit with each component having high accuracy without the necessity of repeated calibration. The system also has low power requirements, provides a digital display, and is of sufficiently small size to be incorporated into a hand-carried case for portable use. Components of the system may also provide independent outputs making the component useful, of itself, for monitoring one or more vital signs. The overall system preferably includes an ECG amplifier and cardiotachometer signal conditioner unit, an impedance pneumograph and respiration rate signal conditioner unit, a heart/breath rate processor unit, a temperature monitoring unit, a selector switch, a clock unit, and an LCD driver unit and associated LCDs, with the system being capable of being expanded as needed or desired, such as, for example, by addition of a systolic/diastolic blood pressure unit.

  11. Quantum System Identification

    E-print Network

    Daniel Burgarth; Kazuya Yuasa

    2011-04-04

    The aim of quantum system identification is to estimate the ingredients inside a black box, in which some quantum-mechanical unitary process takes place, by just looking at its input-output behavior. Here we establish a basic and general framework for quantum system identification, that allows us to classify how much knowledge about the quantum system is attainable, in principle, from a given experimental setup. Prior knowledge on some elements of the black box helps the system identification. We present an example in which a Bell measurement is more efficient to identify the system. When the topology of the system is known, the framework enables us to establish a general criterion for the estimability of the coupling constants in its Hamiltonian.

  12. Solar System: Formation of Our Solar System

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    National Science Teachers Association (NSTA)

    2006-11-01

    This Science Object is the fourth of four Science Objects in the Solar System SciPack. It explores the hypothesis that the solar system coalesced out of a giant cloud of gas and debris left in the wake of exploding stars about five billion years ago. Everything in and on the earth, including living organisms, is made of the material from this cloud. As Earth and the other planets formed, the heavier elements fell to their centers. On planets closer to the Sun (the inner planets), the lightest elements and their compounds were mostly blown or boiled away by radiation from the newly formed sun. However, on the outer planets, the lighter substances still surround them as deep atmospheres of gas or as frozen solid layers. Learning Outcomes:? Provide the basic story line of how the solar system may have formed from the debris of exploding stars. ? Relate the different characteristics and features of the planets to their different distances from the sun.? Explain some of the methods scientists have used to learn about the formation and evolution of the solar system.

  13. System Redesign for System Capacity Building

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hargreaves, David H.

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: A recent development in England is the emergence, under various names, of groups of schools working together in a variety of collaborative ways. Such diversification enjoys broad political support. In this paper, the author aims to argue that the trend is potentially a radical transformation of the school system as a whole. The concepts…

  14. Experiential Media Systems EXPERIENTIAL MEDIA SYSTEMS

    E-print Network

    Rikakis, Thanassis

    reveal new frameworks for successful interactive biofeedback for rehabilitation. In education, examples of experiential media systems [14,17]. Our efforts in our application areas include: Biofeedback: We have been and results. Figure 1: top: biofeedback, middle: tangible interfaces bottom: experiential education. #12

  15. Geoscience laser altimeter system - stellar reference system

    SciTech Connect

    Millar, Pamela S.; Sirota, J. Marcos [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Laser Remote Sensing Branch, Code 924, Greenbelt, Maryland, 20771 (United States); University of Maryland at Baltimore County, 5401 Wilkens Ave, Baltimore, Maryland, 21228-5398 (United States)

    1998-01-15

    GLAS is an EOS space-based laser altimeter being developed to profile the height of the Earth's ice sheets with {approx}15 cm single shot accuracy from space under NASA's Mission to Planet Earth (MTPE). The primary science goal of GLAS is to determine if the ice sheets are increasing or diminishing for climate change modeling. This is achieved by measuring the ice sheet heights over Greenland and Antarctica to 1.5 cm/yr over 100 kmx100 km areas by crossover analysis (Zwally 1994). This measurement performance requires the instrument to determine the pointing of the laser beam to {approx}5 urad (1 arcsecond), 1-sigma, with respect to the inertial reference frame. The GLAS design incorporates a stellar reference system (SRS) to relate the laser beam pointing angle to the star field with this accuracy. This is the first time a spaceborne laser altimeter is measuring pointing to such high accuracy. The design for the stellar reference system combines an attitude determination system (ADS) with a laser reference system (LRS) to meet this requirement. The SRS approach and expected performance are described in this paper.

  16. Systems Concepts Effectively Taught Using Systems Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ludwig, Claudia; Baliga, Nitin S.

    2008-01-01

    This article describes two lessons within the authors' education module entitled, Ecological Networks, that successfully teaches introductory systems content to middle and high school students. To catch students' attention when teaching these new concepts, they decided to use a network that was familiar and fun for students--a cell-phone…

  17. Communication Systems Chair of Communication Systems

    E-print Network

    Schindelhauer, Christian

    from last lecture? What is the difference in fragmentation in IPv4 and IPv6? ­ Why a new system of fragmentation was introduced? ­ What is the minimum MTU in IPv6 networks? Which header fields were removed compared to IPv4? ­ What was changed for QoS handling? ­ How does the protocol stack knows which header

  18. Operational Management System for Regulated Water Systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    van Loenen, A.; van Dijk, M.; van Verseveld, W.; Berger, H.

    2012-04-01

    Most of the Dutch large rivers, canals and lakes are controlled by the Dutch water authorities. The main reasons concern safety, navigation and fresh water supply. Historically the separate water bodies have been controlled locally. For optimizating management of these water systems an integrated approach was required. Presented is a platform which integrates data from all control objects for monitoring and control purposes. The Operational Management System for Regulated Water Systems (IWP) is an implementation of Delft-FEWS which supports operational control of water systems and actively gives advice. One of the main characteristics of IWP is that is real-time collects, transforms and presents different types of data, which all add to the operational water management. Next to that, hydrodynamic models and intelligent decision support tools are added to support the water managers during their daily control activities. An important advantage of IWP is that it uses the Delft-FEWS framework, therefore processes like central data collection, transformations, data processing and presentation are simply configured. At all control locations the same information is readily available. The operational water management itself gains from this information, but it can also contribute to cost efficiency (no unnecessary pumping), better use of available storage and advise during (water polution) calamities.

  19. Communication Systems Chair of Communication Systems

    E-print Network

    Schindelhauer, Christian

    problems We talked of "how switches secure Ethernets" in the beginning ­ Promiscuous mode of the hosts and switch? Does a switch increase network security? Why (not)? Why don't we get perfect load equalization Internet) and an arbitrary end system in a switched Ethernet is not visible to third party ­ But what to do

  20. Systems Engineering Handbook Foreword ................................ ................................ ................................ ............................ ix

    E-print Network

    Rhoads, James

    NASA Systems Engineering Handbook SP-610S June 1995 #12;Contents Foreword ................................ ................................ ................................ .... 1 Fundamentals of System Engineering ................................ ............................ 3 Definition of Systems Engineering

  1. Virtual environment display system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. S. Fisher; M. McGreevy; J. Humphries; W. Robinett

    1987-01-01

    A head-mounted, wide-angle, stereoscopic display system controlled by operator position, voice and gesture has been developed for use as a multipurpose interface environment. The system provides a multisensory, interactive display environment in which a user can virtually explore a 360-degree synthesized or remotely sensed environment and can viscerally interact with its components. Primary applications of the system are in telerobotics,

  2. Remote terminal system evaluation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Phillips, T. L.; Grams, H. L.; Lindenlaub, J. C.; Schwingendorf, S. K.; Swain, P. H.; Simmons, W. R.

    1975-01-01

    An Earth Resources Data Processing System was developed to evaluate the system for training, technology transfer, and data processing. In addition to the five sites included in this project two other sites were connected to the system under separate agreements. The experience of these two sites is discussed. The results of the remote terminal project are documented in seven reports: one from each of the five project sites, Purdue University, and an overview report summarizing the other six reports.

  3. Computer Immune Systems

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    A research group at the University of New Mexico Computer Science Department is using an analogy to biological immune systems to develop similarly functioning computer security systems. This is a significant departure from existing methods. Computer immune systems are designed to detect and contain intrusions in the same way their biological counterparts deal with viruses and infections. The research group has a large collection of papers from conferences and journals available on its homepage.

  4. Locomotive energy recovery system

    SciTech Connect

    Williams, T.J.

    1982-08-03

    An energy recovery system for a diesel electric locomotive is disclosed. The energy recovery system captures and stores the waste heat generated by the diesel engine of the diesel electric locomotive for use at a remote location at a later time. The energy recovery system also converts the electricity generated by the diesel electric locomotive during dynamic braking into heat, and captures and stores this heat for use at a remote location at a later time.

  5. Mathematical circulatory system model

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lakin, William D. (Inventor); Stevens, Scott A. (Inventor)

    2010-01-01

    A system and method of modeling a circulatory system including a regulatory mechanism parameter. In one embodiment, a regulatory mechanism parameter in a lumped parameter model is represented as a logistic function. In another embodiment, the circulatory system model includes a compliant vessel, the model having a parameter representing a change in pressure due to contraction of smooth muscles of a wall of the vessel.

  6. Geographic Names Information System

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    U.S. Geological Survey

    1984-01-01

    The Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) is an automated data system developed by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) to standardize and disseminate information on geographic names. GNIS provides primary information for all known places, features, and areas in the United States identified by a proper name. The information in the system can be manipulated to meet varied needs. You can incorporate information from GNIS into your own data base for special applications.

  7. Plasmatron-catalyst system

    DOEpatents

    Bromberg, Leslie; Cohn, Daniel R.; Rabinovich, Alexander; Alexeev, Nikolai

    2004-09-21

    A plasmatron-catalyst system. The system generates hydrogen-rich gas and comprises a plasmatron and at least one catalyst for receiving an output from the plasmatron to produce hydrogen-rich gas. In a preferred embodiment, the plasmatron receives as an input air, fuel and water/steam for use in the reforming process. The system increases the hydrogen yield and decreases the amount of carbon monoxide.

  8. Plasmatron-catalyst system

    DOEpatents

    Bromberg, Leslie (Sharon, MA); Cohn, Daniel R. (Chestnut Hill, MA); Rabinovich, Alexander (Swampscott, MA); Alexeev, Nikolai (Moscow, RU)

    2007-10-09

    A plasmatron-catalyst system. The system generates hydrogen-rich gas and comprises a plasmatron and at least one catalyst for receiving an output from the plasmatron to produce hydrogen-rich gas. In a preferred embodiment, the plasmatron receives as an input air, fuel and water/steam for use in the reforming process. The system increases the hydrogen yield and decreases the amount of carbon monoxide.

  9. Evolvable Neural Software System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Curtis, Steven A.

    2009-01-01

    The Evolvable Neural Software System (ENSS) is composed of sets of Neural Basis Functions (NBFs), which can be totally autonomously created and removed according to the changing needs and requirements of the software system. The resulting structure is both hierarchical and self-similar in that a given set of NBFs may have a ruler NBF, which in turn communicates with other sets of NBFs. These sets of NBFs may function as nodes to a ruler node, which are also NBF constructs. In this manner, the synthetic neural system can exhibit the complexity, three-dimensional connectivity, and adaptability of biological neural systems. An added advantage of ENSS over a natural neural system is its ability to modify its core genetic code in response to environmental changes as reflected in needs and requirements. The neural system is fully adaptive and evolvable and is trainable before release. It continues to rewire itself while on the job. The NBF is a unique, bilevel intelligence neural system composed of a higher-level heuristic neural system (HNS) and a lower-level, autonomic neural system (ANS). Taken together, the HNS and the ANS give each NBF the complete capabilities of a biological neural system to match sensory inputs to actions. Another feature of the NBF is the Evolvable Neural Interface (ENI), which links the HNS and ANS. The ENI solves the interface problem between these two systems by actively adapting and evolving from a primitive initial state (a Neural Thread) to a complicated, operational ENI and successfully adapting to a training sequence of sensory input. This simulates the adaptation of a biological neural system in a developmental phase. Within the greater multi-NBF and multi-node ENSS, self-similar ENI s provide the basis for inter-NBF and inter-node connectivity.

  10. Solar energy collection system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Selcuk, M. K. (inventor)

    1977-01-01

    An improved solar energy collection system, having enhanced energy collection and conversion capabilities, is delineated. The system is characterized by a plurality of receivers suspended above a heliostat field comprising a multiplicity of reflector surfaces, each being adapted to direct a concentrated beam of solar energy to illuminate a target surface for a given receiver. A magnitude of efficiency, suitable for effectively competing with systems employed in collecting and converting energy extracted from fossil fuels, is indicated.

  11. Firefly system concept

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Nichols, J. D.

    1991-01-01

    The 'Firefly' project has developed and implemented an infrared (IR) remote sensing prototype system based on the concept presented. The Firefly system produces images through smoke that will provide near real-time wildland fire information for fire management and suppression. The prototype will be tested through the 1991 fire season. Results of the testing will be incorporated into the final system design for operational use at the end of 1992.

  12. Amos World Testing System

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Amos, Orley M., 1954-.

    1997-01-01

    AmosWorld Testing System is developed by Orley M. Amos, Jr., Professor of Economics at Oklahoma State University. The testing system allows users to retrieve up to ten multiple choice questions on various economics topics. Among the topics covered are scarcity, business cycles, GDP, money and unemployment. After the users have answered the multiple choice questions, the testing system will notify the users which of the questions were answered correctly. The site does not provide the correct answer for incorrect choices, however.

  13. Maritime Intelligent Transport Systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pietrzykowski, Zbigniew

    The concept of intelligent transport systems, developed since 1980s, includes all modes of transport. Relevant developments in road transport are the most advanced. Recently water transport, particularly maritime transport, has gained more attention in this respect, in connection with building and further developments of maritime intelligent transport systems. The present state and directions of development of telematic systems in maritime transport will be discussed, with a focus on marine navigation.

  14. The defense message system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert W. Shirey; INTRODUCTIO N

    1990-01-01

    The U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) plans to modernize the Defense Message System (DMS) to reduce costs and improve services. DMS includes all hardware, software, procedures, standards, facilities, and personnel used to exchange messages electronically in DoD. DMS today has two separate parts. The AUTODIN system handles formal messages between organizations, and the Defense Data Network's electronic mail system handles

  15. Operational gunshot location system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Showen, Robert

    1997-02-01

    The nation's first operational trial of a gunshot location system is underway in Redwood City, California. The system uses acoustic sensors widely distributed over an impacted community. The impulses received at each sensor allow triangulation of the gunfire location and prompt police dispatch. A computer display shows gunfire location superimposed on a map showing property boundaries. Police are responding to system events immediately and in a community-policing investigative role.

  16. Energy Recovery System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1983-01-01

    Cogeneration system is one in which the energy ordinarily wasted in an industrial process is recovered and reused to create a second form of energy. Such an energy recovery system is in use at Crane Company's plant in Ferguson, KY, which manufactures ceramic bathroom fixtures. Crane's system captures hot stack gases from the company's four ceramic kilns and uses them to produce electrical power for plant operations.

  17. An HIPPI Interconnection System

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Imrich Chlamtac; Aura Ganz; Martin G. Kienzle

    1993-01-01

    The proposed HIPPI standard, a connection-oriented communication standard for very-high-speed interconnection systems connecting high-end computing systems, is discussed. The problems of managing connections and of configuring the interconnection system as either a single crossbar switch or as a clique of crossbar switches are considered. Three connection management policies are introduced: a centralized policy, a broadcast policy, and a distributed policy.

  18. Water Purification Systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1992-01-01

    A water purification/recycling system developed by Photo-Catalytics, Inc. (PCI) for NASA is commercially available. The system cleanses and recycles water, using a "photo-catalysis" process in which light or radiant energy sparks a chemical reaction. Chemically stable semiconductor powders are added to organically polluted water. The powder absorbs ultraviolet light, and pollutants are oxidized and converted to carbon dioxide. Potential markets for the system include research and pharmaceutical manufacturing applications, as well as microchip manufacture and wastewater cleansing.

  19. Hybrid knowledge systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Subrahmanian, V. S.

    1994-01-01

    An architecture called hybrid knowledge system (HKS) is described that can be used to interoperate between a specification of the control laws describing a physical system, a collection of databases, knowledge bases and/or other data structures reflecting information about the world in which the physical system controlled resides, observations (e.g. sensor information) from the external world, and actions that must be taken in response to external observations.

  20. Logics for hybrid systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. M. Davoren; ANIL NERODE

    2000-01-01

    Hybrid systems are heterogenous dynamical systems characterized by interacting continuous and discrete dynamics. Such mathematical models have proved fruitful in a great diversity of engineering applications, including air-traffic control, automated manufacturing, and chemical process control. The high-profile and safety-critical nature of the application areas has fostered a large and growing body of work on formal methods for hybrid systems: mathematical

  1. FNAL central email systems

    SciTech Connect

    Schmidt, Jack; Lilianstrom, Al; Pasetes, Ray; Hill, Kevin; /Fermilab

    2004-10-01

    The FNAL Email System is the primary point of entry for email destined for an employee or user at Fermilab. This centrally supported system is designed for reliability and availability. It uses multiple layers of protection to help ensure that: (1) SPAM messages are tagged properly; (2) All mail is inspected for viruses; and (3) Valid mail gets delivered. This system employs numerous redundant subsystems to accomplish these tasks.

  2. Solid source MOCVD system

    DOEpatents

    Hubert, Brian N. (Yakima, WA); Wu, Xin Di (San Jose, CA)

    1998-01-01

    A system for MOCVD fabrication of superconducting and non-superconducting oxide films provides a delivery system for the feeding of metalorganic precursors for multi-component chemical vapor deposition. The delivery system can include multiple cartridges containing tightly packed precursor materials. The contents of each cartridge can be ground at a desired rate and fed together with precursor materials from other cartridges to a vaporization zone and then to a reaction zone within a deposition chamber for thin film deposition.

  3. Solid source MOCVD system

    DOEpatents

    Hubert, B.N.; Wu, X.D.

    1998-10-13

    A system for MOCVD fabrication of superconducting and non-superconducting oxide films provides a delivery system for the feeding of metallorganic precursors for multi-component chemical vapor deposition. The delivery system can include multiple cartridges containing tightly packed precursor materials. The contents of each cartridge can be ground at a desired rate and fed together with precursor materials from other cartridges to a vaporization zone and then to a reaction zone within a deposition chamber for thin film deposition. 13 figs.

  4. Precision displacement reference system

    DOEpatents

    Bieg, Lothar F. (Albuquerque, NM); Dubois, Robert R. (Albuquerque, NM); Strother, Jerry D. (Edgewood, NM)

    2000-02-22

    A precision displacement reference system is described, which enables real time accountability over the applied displacement feedback system to precision machine tools, positioning mechanisms, motion devices, and related operations. As independent measurements of tool location is taken by a displacement feedback system, a rotating reference disk compares feedback counts with performed motion. These measurements are compared to characterize and analyze real time mechanical and control performance during operation.

  5. Romania's petroleum systems

    SciTech Connect

    Stefanescu, M.O. (Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Bucharest (Romania)); Popescu, B.M. (Petroconsultants S.A., Geneva (Switzerland))

    1993-09-01

    In Romania, nine onshore petroleum systems and one offshore petroleum system have recently been identified. Of the onshore systems, three are related to the compressional folded basins: Teleajen-Sita (early Middle Cretaceous marine source rocks), and Puciossa-Fusaru and Alunis-Kliwa (Oligocene-early Miocene marine source rocks). In the same category, we have included the recently discovered Deleni petroleum system with source rocks of not yet identified origin but whose reservoirs certainly belong to a folded basin. In the foreland platform basins, two systems can be distinguished: Rimesti-Fauresti (Middle Jurassic marine source rocks) and Infra-Anhydrite (with presumed Middle Jurassic or middle Miocene marine source rocks). The areas corresponding to the posttectonic basins include three onshore petroleum systems and one offshore system: the Pannonian (Badenian marine and Sarmatian brackish water source rocks), the Valea Caselor-Borsa (oligocene marine source rocks) and the Transylvanian (Badenian marine shales source and Sarmatian brackish water source rocks). Offshore, there is only one petroleum system consisting of Oligocene-Miocene marine source rock and Cretaceous or Eocene reservoirs. The majority of the mentioned petroleum systems reservoirs are Paleozoic to Pliocene clastics, but in the platform areas, carbonate reservoirs are found in the Paleozoic and Mesozoic. In all the petroleum systems, despite the different ages of the source rocks, most of the hydrocarbons have been expelled relatively recently during the Late Sarmatian-Pliocene interval. This face is substantiated by examples from two petroleum systems: the Rimesti-Fauresti (duration time 173 m.y., preservation 2 m.y.) and the Alunis-Kliwa (duration time 29-30 m.y., preservation 4 m.y.). The hydrocarbons were first expelled and migrated into described systems reservoirs after Late Styrian and Moldavian overthrusting, i.e. not earlier than 12-14 m.y.

  6. Stress Measurement System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1996-01-01

    Under the Aircraft Structural Integrity program, Langley Research Center and Stress Photonics developed an infrared-based stress measurement system for use in nondestructive evaluation of materials and structures. Stress Photonics commercialized the technology in the DeltaTherm 1000 system, used to compare designs and detect cracks in structures, especially for aging aircraft and bridges. The system combines digital signal processing technology with a special infrared camera to provide instantaneous thermal images and live differential images.

  7. Drone Control System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1983-01-01

    Drones, subscale vehicles like the Firebees, and full scale retired military aircraft are used to test air defense missile systems. The DFCS (Drone Formation Control System) computer, developed by IBM (International Business Machines) Federal Systems Division, can track ten drones at once. A program called ORACLS is used to generate software to track and control Drones. It was originally developed by Langley and supplied by COSMIC (Computer Software Management and Information Center). The program saved the company both time and money.

  8. The Digestive System

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Daniel

    2010-03-25

    What are the prime structures and functions of the digestive system ? First, take a look at Structures and Functions of Digestive System and answer these questions on the handout given. Name 10 main structures of the digestive system. For each 10 structures, name the functions of each structure. Next,examine the Description of the Digestion pathway process. Answer the questions below on the back of the same handout as the first questions: What is ...

  9. The CDF online system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Quarrie, D. R.; Anderson, M. D.; Day, C. T.; Goeransson, G.; Patrick, J.; Schmitz, M.; Sexton, E.; Troemel, B.

    1989-12-01

    The CDF Online System is described. A VAX cluster acts as the primary control and monitoring environment for a large FASTBUS-based data-acquisition system. The system is highly redundant and allows multiple experiments (or partitions) to run simultaneously on subsets of the experimental apparatus for performing calibrations or diagnostics in parallel. For physics runs, consumer processes residing on any of the VAX computers can access the data in parallel, allowing sophisticated online monitoring to be performed.

  10. Muscular and Skeletal Systems

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Ms. Jeni

    2010-11-03

    What do the muscular and skeletal systems do? Identify structures and functions of the muscular and skeletal systems of the human body. (S3.6) You are going to watch a Movie of muscular system. I'm going to hand out a worksheet and you need to write three facts that you have learned from the video in the spaces provided and then fill out the chart about the three types of muscles. Now you are going to do a ...

  11. Automated Status Notification System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2005-01-01

    NASA Lewis Research Center's Automated Status Notification System (ASNS) was born out of need. To prevent "hacker attacks," Lewis' telephone system needed to monitor communications activities 24 hr a day, 7 days a week. With decreasing staff resources, this continuous monitoring had to be automated. By utilizing existing communications hardware, a UNIX workstation, and NAWK (a pattern scanning and processing language), we implemented a continuous monitoring system.

  12. Earth orbit laser systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lee, Ja H.

    1989-01-01

    At the state-of-the-art efficiencies, both nuclear and solar-driven systems require equal masses for the same laser powers in the 50 to 500 MW range, typically 3,700 tons for a 100-MW thruster. Future efficiency improvement of solar panel and laser diode array will realize significant reduction (by a factor of 3) in system masses. Beaming time for laser propulsion is relatively short and other missions should be considered for increasing the system duty cycle.

  13. Build a Solar System

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Ron Hipschman

    1997-01-01

    In this activity, learners make a scale model of the Solar System and learn the real definition of "space." Learners use the online calculator to create an appropriate scale to use as a basis for their model. Once learners have their scaled measurements (diameters and distances), then they can walk and "pace out" the solar system by marking sticks or flags in the ground. Learners can also build a solar system on a roll of toilet paper or receipt paper.

  14. Fractional-Parabolic Systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anatoly N. Kochubei

    We develop a theory of the Cauchy problem for linear evolution systems of partial differential equations with the Caputo-Dzhrbashyan\\u000a fractional derivative in the time variable t. The class of systems considered in the paper is a fractional extension of the class of systems of the first order in t satisfying the uniform strong parabolicity condition. We construct and investigate the

  15. Cryogenic insulation system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    McCown

    1979-01-01

    McDonnell Douglas Corp.'s LNG-containment system uses an inexpensive support structure to protect the primary nickel steel membrane against rupture or failure due to thermal and mechanical strains caused by loading and unloading the cryogenic liquid. The system also incorporates a novel corner support system t o react against the tension and bending of the primary liner caused by thermal stresses.

  16. Dewey Decimal System

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Mz. Bird

    2011-09-30

    Understanding the Dewey Decimal system helps us understand why books are shelved the way they are in libraries. Many of you have asked... What is the Dewey Decimal System? I have referred you to this page to give you a brief overview. Just a quick side note.. I love this system. When I look a book up on our card catalog, walk over to the shelves ...

  17. Video Editing System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schlecht, Leslie E.; Kutler, Paul (Technical Monitor)

    1998-01-01

    This is a proposal for a general use system based, on the SGI IRIS workstation platform, for recording computer animation to videotape. In addition, this system would provide features for simple editing and enhancement. Described here are a list of requirements for the system, and a proposed configuration including the SGI VideoLab Integrator, VideoMedia VLAN animation controller and the Pioneer rewritable laserdisc recorder.

  18. The global Earth observation system of systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Achache, José

    2010-05-01

    Recognizing the growing need for improved Earth observations, 140 governments and leading international organizations have established the Group on Earth Observations, or GEO, to collaborate and implement a Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS) by the year 2015. Countries and organizations are contributing their respective Earth monitoring systems, from satellites in space and in situ instruments on land, in the oceans and in the atmosphere. They are interlinking these systems so that, together, they provide a more complete picture of Earth's systems dynamics. GEO is developing common technical standards to pool observations and ensure their cross calibration and validation. It is building a web-based infrastructure to ensure easy access to the wealth of data and services contributed to, or generated by, GEOSS. GEO has been promoting the free and open sharing and dissemination of Earth observation data which has already driven significant changes in data distribution policies of several key Earth observing satellites: Landsat, Cbers and the future Sentinels of GMES. GEO is also reflecting on solutions to transition research systems into operational observing systems and ensure their long-term sustainability. First, the current status of GEOSS implementation and these core activities of GEO will be presented. Then, examples of global data sets and information systems or services developed through GEOSS will be presented: - a high-resolution global digital elevation model (DEM) based on Aster data was released by Japan and the USA. In situ measurements are now being used to improve the model as well as the stacking procedure used to develop it; - the Supersites initiative ensures coordinated access to data and information on natural hazards in geologically active regions. In light of the recent tragedy in Haiti, this project created a dedicated web site regularly updated with maps of seismicity, tectonics, Coulomb stress changes, topography, real and synthetic interferograms, as well as damage maps, data, and space images. See http://supersites.unavco.org/haiti.php; - the global carbon observation and analysis system combines observations, reanalysis and product development to provide regional information on emission variations. It addresses the three components of the carbon cycle (atmosphere, land, ocean). The project includes the improvement of global networks of atmospheric CO2 observations, air-surface exchange flux networks, surface ocean CO2 and related marine biochemistry observations, as well as space-based measurements combining Sciamachy , Airs and the newly launched Japanese Gosat; - the Forest Carbon Tracking (FCT) project coordinates the acquisition of observations from multi-spectral and radar (X, C and L-band) satellites, their processing through different models and methodologies and their validation by in situ measurements in 7 selected countries. The aim is to demonstrate the feasibility of a global monitoring and verification system for carbon storage and change in forests. Data and results can be viewed on-line at www.geo-fct.org. This portal allows users to visualize the FCT National Demonstrators, the relevant validation sites and the inventory of the coordinated acquisitions of satellite and in-situ data. Maps and information resulting from the processing of the data will also be posted here when available.

  19. SSME Post Test Diagnostic System: Systems Section

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bickmore, Timothy

    1995-01-01

    An assessment of engine and component health is routinely made after each test firing or flight firing of a Space Shuttle Main Engine (SSME). Currently, this health assessment is done by teams of engineers who manually review sensor data, performance data, and engine and component operating histories. Based on review of information from these various sources, an evaluation is made as to the health of each component of the SSME and the preparedness of the engine for another test or flight. The objective of this project - the SSME Post Test Diagnostic System (PTDS) - is to develop a computer program which automates the analysis of test data from the SSME in order to detect and diagnose anomalies. This report primarily covers work on the Systems Section of the PTDS, which automates the analyses performed by the systems/performance group at the Propulsion Branch of NASA Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). This group is responsible for assessing the overall health and performance of the engine, and detecting and diagnosing anomalies which involve multiple components (other groups are responsible for analyzing the behavior of specific components). The PTDS utilizes several advanced software technologies to perform its analyses. Raw test data is analyzed using signal processing routines which detect features in the data, such as spikes, shifts, peaks, and drifts. Component analyses are performed by expert systems, which use 'rules-of-thumb' obtained from interviews with the MSFC data analysts to detect and diagnose anomalies. The systems analysis is performed using case-based reasoning. Results of all analyses are stored in a relational database and displayed via an X-window-based graphical user interface which provides ranked lists of anomalies and observations by engine component, along with supporting data plots for each.

  20. Photovoltaic systems overview

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hesse, J. L.

    1981-01-01

    Selected photovoltaic systems currently under user-environment field test by the U.S. Department of Energy Photovoltaics Program are discussed, and operational results are summarized. There are many systems in the stand-alone sector that are cost effective now. As proven products become available, distributed residential, commercial, institutional and industrial on-site systems should be able to displace significant amounts of centrally-generated electricity throughout most of the United States. Finally, utilities should ultimately be able to augment their generating capacity with larger-scale systems. Field experience and industry interface has led to excellent overall product performance.

  1. Avionics systems integration technology

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Stech, George; Williams, James R.

    1988-01-01

    A very dramatic and continuing explosion in digital electronics technology has been taking place in the last decade. The prudent and timely application of this technology will provide Army aviation the capability to prevail against a numerically superior enemy threat. The Army and NASA have exploited this technology explosion in the development and application of avionics systems integration technology for new and future aviation systems. A few selected Army avionics integration technology base efforts are discussed. Also discussed is the Avionics Integration Research Laboratory (AIRLAB) that NASA has established at Langley for research into the integration and validation of avionics systems, and evaluation of advanced technology in a total systems context.

  2. TLRS-3 system upgrades

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Eichinger, Richard; Cheng, Grace; Crawford, William; Cresswell, Don; Crooks, Henry A.; Donovan, Howard; Edge, David R.; Emenheiser, Kenneth S.; Hanrahan, William P., III; Heinick, J. Michael

    1993-01-01

    This presentation describes the upgrades to the Transportable Laser Ranging Systems serial number three (TLRS-3), and the impact that these upgrades will have on the TLRS-3 performance in the field. The four major areas of system upgrades are the HP-380 computer, the Optical Attenuation Mechanism (OAM), the upgraded spatial, spectral and temporal filtering for improved daylight ranging capability, and the software upgrade to enable the system to track the Etalon satellites. The TLRS-3 was returned to the Goddard Geophysical and Astronomical Observatory (GGAO) in December 1991 for system upgrades in preparation of the TOPEX/POSEIDON campaign scheduled to begin in the summer of 1992. Many system upgrades were incorporated into the system while interleaving planned facility maintenance making TLRS-3 a more versatile and more dependable laser ranging system. The TLRS-3 was initially baselined with the MOBLAS-7 via simultaneous satellite ranging on the LAGEOS, Ajisai, Starlette, and ERS-I satellites. During the upgrades and following completion of the system upgrades intercomparisons with the MOBLAS-7 were made to verify the integrity and accuracy of the system changes. Several other groups of personnel participated in the TLRS-3 upgrade and they are: the Survey Section, the Precision Measurement Equipment Laboratory, the Architectural and Engineering Services Department, the Precision Timing Section, and the station personnel at TLRS-3 and MOBLAS-7.

  3. Ultrasonic Imaging System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Youngquist, Robert C. (Inventor); Moerk, Steven (Inventor)

    1999-01-01

    An imaging system is described which can be used to either passively search for sources of ultrasonics or as an active phase imaging system. which can image fires. gas leaks, or air temperature gradients. This system uses an array of ultrasonic receivers coupled to an ultrasound collector or lens to provide an electronic image of the ultrasound intensity in a selected angular region of space. A system is described which includes a video camera to provide a visual reference to a region being examined for ultrasonic signals.

  4. Jupiter System Observer

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Senske, Dave; Kwok, Johnny

    2008-01-01

    This slide presentation reviews the proposed mission for the Jupiter System Observer. The presentation also includes overviews of the mission timeline, science goals, and spacecraftspecifications for the satellite.

  5. MASTER TELEVISION ANTENNA SYSTEM.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rhode Island State Dept. of Education, Providence.

    SPECIFICATIONS FOR THE FURNISHING AND INSTALLATION OF TELEVISION MASTER ANTENNA SYSTEMS FOR SECONDARY AND ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS ARE GIVEN. CONTRACTOR REQUIREMENTS, EQUIPMENT, PERFORMANCE STANDARDS, AND FUNCTIONS ARE DESCRIBED. (MS)

  6. Food Service System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1992-01-01

    The 3M Food Service System 2 employs a "cook/chill" concept for serving food in hospitals. The system allows staff to prepare food well in advance, maintain heat, visual appeal and nutritional value as well as reducing operating costs. The integral heating method, which keeps hot foods hot and cold foods cold, was developed by 3M for the Apollo Program. In the 1970s, the company commercialized the original system and in 1991, introduced Food Service System 2. Dishes are designed to resemble those used at home, and patient satisfaction has been high.

  7. Microelectronic bioinstrumentation systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ko, W. H.; Hynecek, J.

    1975-01-01

    The possibility of using RF fields to power biologically implanted transmitters used in biomedical experiments was investigated. This approach would be especially useful when animal subjects are strapped in chairs or confined in cages. A telemetry system using an external source of energy has the additional advantage of not being limited in operation by battery lifetime and can therefore operate for virtually infinite lengths of time. A description of a system based on this principle is given. Progress in the development of battery-driven transmitters is also reported, including an ingestible temperature telemetry system and a resistance-to-pulse frequency convertor for implantable temperature telemetry systems.

  8. The Solar System

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2012-12-06

    This is a lesson about the temperature on differnt planets in our solar system. Learners will explore the planetary temperature system. They explore how each aspect (e.g., mass, temperature and gravity) influences the system and the consequences of disrupting that system. The lesson models scientific inquiry using the 5E instructional model and includes teacher notes, prerequisite concepts, common misconceptions, student journal and reading. This is lesson 8 in the Astro-Venture Astronomy Unit. The lessons are designed for educators to use in conjunction with the Astro-Venture multimedia modules.

  9. Corneal topography system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cambier, James L.; Gao, Yan

    1998-03-01

    A new corneal topography system is described which combines proven grid projection and stereo triangulation techniques with an innovative user interface which simplifies the data capture process. Principles of the imaging, measurement, and calibration processes used with the system are presented. The device generates a complete topographic model of the anterior corneal surface with spatial resolution of 0.2 millimeters and elevation accuracy of 2 microns. System applications include pre- and post-operative assessment of refractive surgery patients, contact lens fitting including specification of custom RGP lenses, and excimer surgery planning and simulation. The innovative features of the system are described along with preliminary results of accuracy evaluations.

  10. All Systems are Go!

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Science NetLinks (AAAS; )

    2003-04-29

    In this online activity, a fictional character, Arnold is missing a number of body parts. Students are presented with a body system and a variety of organs. Students drag and drop all the organs that belong in that particular body system to Arnold's body. Once all four systems are complete, a clothed Arnold will appear.Note: if students drag in an organ that doesn't belong, all the organs pop out and students have to start that system over. This exercise can also be found at Kineticcity.com under mind games.

  11. Cockpit control system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lesnewski, David; Snow, Russ M.; Paufler, Dave; Schnieder, George; Athousake, Roxanne; Combs, Lisa

    1993-01-01

    The purpose of this project is to provide a detail design for the cockpit control system of the Viper PFT. The statement of work for this project requires provisions for control of the ailerons, elevator, rudder, and elevator trim. The system should provide adjustment for pilot stature, rigging, and maintenance. MIL-STD-1472 is used as a model for human factors criterion. The system is designed to the pilot limit loading outlined in FAR part 23.397. The general philosophy behind this design is to provide a simple, reliable control system which will withstand the daily abuse that is experienced in the training environment without excessive cost or weight penalties.

  12. Drive System Research

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Handschuh, Robert F.

    2007-01-01

    An overview of the NASA Glenn Research Center Drive Systems Research will be presented. The primary purpose of this research is to improve performance, reliability, and integrity of aerospace drive systems and space mechanisms. The research is conducted through a combination of in-house, academia, and through contractors. Research is conducted through computer code development and validated through component and system testing. The drive system activity currently has four major thrust areas including: thermal behavior of high speed gearing, health and usage monitoring, advanced components, and space mechanisms.

  13. TROPIX power system architecture

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Manner, David B.; Hickman, J. Mark

    1995-09-01

    This document contains results obtained in the process of performing a power system definition study of the TROPIX power management and distribution system (PMAD). Requirements derived from the PMADs interaction with other spacecraft systems are discussed first. Since the design is dependent on the performance of the photovoltaics, there is a comprehensive discussion of the appropriate models for cells and arrays. A trade study of the array operating voltage and its effect on array bus mass is also presented. A system architecture is developed which makes use of a combination of high efficiency switching power convertors and analog regulators. Mass and volume estimates are presented for all subsystems.

  14. Fluctuations in driven systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kafri, Yariv

    2015-01-01

    The lecture notes give an introduction to some aspects of fluctuations in driven systems. First, a particularly straightforward derivation of fluctuation theorems and their relation to linear response will be given. Being particularly simple the derivation gives clear limitations on the regime of validity of the theorems. Second, an introduction to systems in local thermal equilibrium, in time and space, will be given. To this end, two building blocks will be studied. One a system which is driven by some cyclically changing external potential. The other consisting of two systems, at different temperatures, which are equilibrating. Both building blocks display an interesting time evolution. For example, the statistical properties of fluctuations of the energy in driven isolated systems generally fall into two types of distinct behaviors. Following this a systematic approach for describing more complicated systems will be outlined by studying other setups. Specifically, driven-dissipative systems and systems driven by two external baths at different temperatures. The formalism will be used to elucidate, in a minimal model, the origin and sign of correlation in a boundary driven system.

  15. Wash water recovery system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Deckman, G.; Rousseau, J. (editor)

    1973-01-01

    The Wash Water Recovery System (WWRS) is intended for use in processing shower bath water onboard a spacecraft. The WWRS utilizes flash evaporation, vapor compression, and pyrolytic reaction to process the wash water to allow recovery of potable water. Wash water flashing and foaming characteristics, are evaluated physical properties, of concentrated wash water are determined, and a long term feasibility study on the system is performed. In addition, a computer analysis of the system and a detail design of a 10 lb/hr vortex-type water vapor compressor were completed. The computer analysis also sized remaining system components on the basis of the new vortex compressor design.

  16. Kestrel balloon launch system

    SciTech Connect

    Newman, M.J.

    1991-10-01

    Kestrel is a high-altitude, Helium-gas-filled-balloon system used to launch scientific payloads in winds up to 20 knots, from small platforms or ships, anywhere over land or water, with a minimal crew and be able to hold in standby conditions. Its major components consist of two balloons (a tow balloon and a main balloon), the main deployment system, helium measurement system, a parachute recovery unit, and the scientific payload package. The main scope of the launch system was to eliminate the problems of being dependent of launching on long airfield runways, low wind conditions, and long launch preparation time. These objectives were clearly met with Kestrel 3.

  17. Security System Software

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    C Language Integration Production System (CLIPS), a NASA-developed expert systems program, has enabled a security systems manufacturer to design a new generation of hardware. C.CURESystem 1 Plus, manufactured by Software House, is a software based system that is used with a variety of access control hardware at installations around the world. Users can manage large amounts of information, solve unique security problems and control entry and time scheduling. CLIPS acts as an information management tool when accessed by C.CURESystem 1 Plus. It asks questions about the hardware and when given the answer, recommends possible quick solutions by non-expert persons.

  18. Dr. Dobb's Embedded Systems

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2002-01-01

    Embedded Systems is one of the specialized sites stemming from Dr. Dobb's Journal. In addition to serving as an excellent source of news and product development articles, the site is a portal to many other Internet resources on embedded system applications. Information tailored to specific programming languages, like C++, Java, and many others, is grouped into separate categories. There are also focuses on Linux-driven handhelds and other embedded operating systems. A list of toolkits for embedded system developers is also provided, which is especially useful for finding open source solutions.

  19. System Driven Workarounds

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Connell, Linda; Wichner, David; Jakey, Abegael Marie

    2013-01-01

    The Aviation Safety Reporting System (ASRS) in a partnership between the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), participating carriers, and labor organizations. It is designed to improve the National Airspace System by collecting and studying reports detailing unsafe conditions and events in the aviation industry. Employees are able to report safety issues or concerns with confidentiality and without fear of discipline. Safety reports highlighting system driven workarounds for the aviation community highlight the human workaround for the complex aviation system.

  20. Safety system status monitoring

    SciTech Connect

    Lewis, J.R.; Morgenstern, M.H.; Rideout, T.H.; Cowley, P.J.

    1984-03-01

    The Pacific Northwest Laboratory has studied the safety aspects of monitoring the preoperational status of safety systems in nuclear power plants. The goals of the study were to assess for the NRC the effectiveness of current monitoring systems and procedures, to develop near-term guidelines for reducing human errors associated with monitoring safety system status, and to recommend a regulatory position on this issue. A review of safety system status monitoring practices indicated that current systems and procedures do not adequately aid control room operators in monitoring safety system status. This is true even of some systems and procedures installed to meet existing regulatory guidelines (Regulatory Guide 1.47). In consequence, this report suggests acceptance criteria for meeting the functional requirements of an adequate system for monitoring safety system status. Also suggested are near-term guidelines that could reduce the likelihood of human errors in specific, high-priority status monitoring tasks. It is recommended that (1) Regulatory Guide 1.47 be revised to address these acceptance criteria, and (2) the revised Regulatory Guide 1.47 be applied to all plants, including those built since the issuance of the original Regulatory Guide.

  1. Electric micropropulsion systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wright, W. P.; Ferrer, P.

    2015-04-01

    With the development of microspacecraft, the field of electrical micropropulsion is a rapidly expanding discipline. New ideas are being explored constantly and a review of the current state of technological development in the field will be useful. This review deals with electrostatic and electromagnetic micropropulsion systems that are either miniaturization attempts of existing technologies or novel systems in their own right. A brief discussion of the development of microspacecraft and a general overview of the types of micropropulsion are given. The essential mechanism of operation of each electrical micropropulsion system is described and recent progress in the development of these systems is explored, giving latest available data of their performance parameters.

  2. The Serotonergic System

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2009-04-14

    Serotonin is a neurotransmitter associated with a number of cognitive disorders, namely depression, bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. Professor Trevor Robbins explains how the serotoninergic system works.

  3. Atmospheric control systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mankamyer, Melanie

    1990-01-01

    Viewgraphs on atmospheric control systems are presented. Techniques to maintain atmospheric control parameters are identified. Fuzzy logic control law is mentioned for application to atmospheric control.

  4. TROPIX Power System Architecture

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Manner, David B.; Hickman, J. Mark

    1995-01-01

    This document contains results obtained in the process of performing a power system definition study of the TROPIX power management and distribution system (PMAD). Requirements derived from the PMADs interaction with other spacecraft systems are discussed first. Since the design is dependent on the performance of the photovoltaics, there is a comprehensive discussion of the appropriate models for cells and arrays. A trade study of the array operating voltage and its effect on array bus mass is also presented. A system architecture is developed which makes use of a combination of high efficiency switching power convertors and analog regulators. Mass and volume estimates are presented for all subsystems.

  5. The cardiac lymphatic system.

    PubMed

    Loukas, Marios; Abel, Nicole; Tubbs, R Shane; Grabska, Joanna; Birungi, Judith; Anderson, Robert H

    2011-09-01

    The lymphatic system, a network of vessels carrying clear interstitial fluid called lymph, is found throughout the human body. The system maintains homeostasis, receiving proteins and excess fluid from the interstitial tissues, and returning them to the venous system. Understanding of lymphatic drainage remains important in the diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of diseases, including the metastasis of malignant diseases. Information specific to the cardiac lymphatics is scarce. Indeed, quite often the topic is not even mentioned in many medical textbooks. The goal of our review is to compile and analyze the information currently available concerning the cardiac lymphatics, hoping further to demonstrate the clinical importance of this neglected system. PMID:21387415

  6. Nervous System, Neurons, Nerves

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    How does the nervous system work? It is a question that has engaged the minds of scientists, doctors, and others for centuries. The National Science Teachers Association (NSTA) has created this tour of the nervous system for teachers and students. First-time visitors can start with the Explore a Nerve Cell area, which goes over the membrane, nucleus, axon, dendrites, and the synapse in exquisite detail with interactive graphics. Moving on, The Basics area provides summaries of the operation of the nervous system and a rather illustrative area named Ouch! The site is rounded out by the Nervous Systems Explorations section, which has some nice simulations covering Brainstorms and Simple Reflexes.

  7. Remote Systems Design & Deployment

    SciTech Connect

    Bailey, Sharon A.; Baker, Carl P.; Valdez, Patrick LJ

    2009-08-28

    The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) was tasked by Washington River Protection Solutions, LLC (WRPS) to provide information and lessons learned relating to the design, development and deployment of remote systems, particularly remote arm/manipulator systems. This report reflects PNNL’s experience with remote systems and lays out the most important activities that need to be completed to successfully design, build, deploy and operate remote systems in radioactive and chemically contaminated environments. It also contains lessons learned from PNNL’s work experiences, and the work of others in the national laboratory complex.

  8. Intelligent flight control systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Stengel, Robert F.

    1993-01-01

    The capabilities of flight control systems can be enhanced by designing them to emulate functions of natural intelligence. Intelligent control functions fall in three categories. Declarative actions involve decision-making, providing models for system monitoring, goal planning, and system/scenario identification. Procedural actions concern skilled behavior and have parallels in guidance, navigation, and adaptation. Reflexive actions are spontaneous, inner-loop responses for control and estimation. Intelligent flight control systems learn knowledge of the aircraft and its mission and adapt to changes in the flight environment. Cognitive models form an efficient basis for integrating 'outer-loop/inner-loop' control functions and for developing robust parallel-processing algorithms.

  9. Power Systems Decentralized Optimization

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ramirez, Juan M.; Vargas-Marín, Javier; Correa-Gutiérrez, Rosa E.

    2014-12-01

    The paper's aim is to explore both active and reactive power losses minimization and voltage stability by a decentralized strategy. The approach assumes that the grid is split into sub-systems; each sub-system is in charge of its own optimal solution using equivalents for the neighbors, so that information exchange is not required. Schedule interchanges among sub-systems have been added as constraints into the optimal formulation. Once the individual solutions are available, the corresponding settings are allocated to the corresponding equipment and a full power flow study is carried out to assure the steady-state preservation. Results are exhibited on two test power systems.

  10. Hybrid HVAC systems

    SciTech Connect

    Kilkis, I.B. [Heatway Radiant Floors and Snowmelting, Springfield, MO (United States). Research and Development Dept.; Sapci, M. [MNG Inc., Ankara (Turkey); Suntur, S.R.

    1995-12-01

    This articles describes when the sensible, latent, and other functions of an HVAC system should be decoupled. The concept of coupling the HVAC functions at the plant, distribution, and delivery levels dominated the industry until recently. Diversity of HVAC functions, and the precise control requirements now call for the relief of a single and overloaded central system from performing too many tasks simultaneously. When the sensible, latent, and other functions are decoupled; it becomes possible to employ more function-specialized, dedicated and alternative distribution and delivery systems. Increase in efficiency, system agility, and response flexibility are the benefits.

  11. Apollo 14 food system.

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Smith, M. C., Jr.; Huber, C. S.; Heidelbaugh, N. D.

    1971-01-01

    The program for improving foods for use during space flights consists of introducing new foods and food-handling techniques on each successive manned space flight. Because of this continuing improvement program, the Apollo 14 food system was the most advanced and sophisticated food system to be used in the U.S. space program. The food system used during the Apollo 14 mission and recent space-food-system advances are described and discussed in regard to their usefulness for future manned space flights.

  12. Multidisciplinary System Reliability Analysis

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mahadevan, Sankaran; Han, Song; Chamis, Christos C. (Technical Monitor)

    2001-01-01

    The objective of this study is to develop a new methodology for estimating the reliability of engineering systems that encompass multiple disciplines. The methodology is formulated in the context of the NESSUS probabilistic structural analysis code, developed under the leadership of NASA Glenn Research Center. The NESSUS code has been successfully applied to the reliability estimation of a variety of structural engineering systems. This study examines whether the features of NESSUS could be used to investigate the reliability of systems in other disciplines such as heat transfer, fluid mechanics, electrical circuits etc., without considerable programming effort specific to each discipline. In this study, the mechanical equivalence between system behavior models in different disciplines are investigated to achieve this objective. A new methodology is presented for the analysis of heat transfer, fluid flow, and electrical circuit problems using the structural analysis routines within NESSUS, by utilizing the equivalence between the computational quantities in different disciplines. This technique is integrated with the fast probability integration and system reliability techniques within the NESSUS code, to successfully compute the system reliability of multidisciplinary systems. Traditional as well as progressive failure analysis methods for system reliability estimation are demonstrated, through a numerical example of a heat exchanger system involving failure modes in structural, heat transfer and fluid flow disciplines.

  13. Next generation CAT system

    E-print Network

    Kim, Jaewon, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2010-01-01

    Two novel techniques for future CAT system are presented. Transmission descattering is a singleshot method to differentiate unscattered and scattered components of light transmission through a scattering material. ...

  14. Modular material monitoring system

    SciTech Connect

    Self, B.G.; Anspach, D.A.; Waddoups, I.G.

    1993-07-01

    Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) has shown that an automated personnel tracking and material monitoring system enhances protection of sensitive and classified parts against an insider. Such a system also significantly reduces the number of required, manual physical inventories at Department of Energy (DOE) sites while increasing assurance that material has not been diverted. SNL`s Insider Technology Department developed and is enhancing its generic, real-time, personnel tracking and material monitoring system. The system consists of facility selectable modules. This paper presents an overview of the modules, evaluation results, user`s suggestions, and future modules.

  15. Collaborative Systems Thinking Research: Exploring systems thinking within teams

    E-print Network

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    , interrelationships, context and dynamics towards executing systems design". This type of thinking is critically on large scale endeavors, where collaborative systems thinking is especially critical to achieveCollaborative Systems Thinking Research: Exploring systems thinking within teams Caroline T. Lamb

  16. Collaborative Systems Thinking: Understanding of team-level systems thinking

    E-print Network

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    Caroline Twomey Lamb Massachusetts Institute of Technology Slide 5 Systems Thinking: A Critical SkillCollaborative Systems Thinking: Understanding of team-level systems thinking Caroline Twomey Lamb Science and Engineering Workforce: Interim report, 2006. H. Davidz. Enabling Systems Thinking

  17. On-Site Wastewater Treatment Systems: Mound Systems (Spanish)

    E-print Network

    Lesikar, Bruce J.

    2002-04-18

    A mound system is a soil absorption system placed above the natural surface of the ground. The system distributes treated wastewater into the soil. This publication discusses the design and maintenance of mound systems....

  18. Gob gas analyzer system

    SciTech Connect

    Garcia, F.; McCall, F.E.; Marshall, J.K. [Dept. of the Interior, Pittsburgh, PA (United States)

    1995-12-31

    Since the advent of longwall mining systems in the United States, mine operators are increasingly relying on methane drainage techniques to supplement the ventilation system. The most commonly used technique is the vertical gob borehole. The number and spacing of vertical gob boreholes per panel is generally based on experience and underground conditions. To design a more efficient methane drainage systems, mine operators must accurately determine methane gas produced. Thus, mine operators must monitor gas flow and methane gas concentration on every vertical gob borehole on active panels at least once or twice during each 8-hr shift. As the mine grows, it is possible to have more than one operating longwall and many vertical gob boreholes. Thus, daily visits to each vertical gob borehole site can become very time consuming. During weekends when methane gas concentrations typically drop because there is no mining activity, borehole sites may not be visited. To obtain accurate gas flow data, a gob borehole monitoring system was designed and constructed by the U.S. Bureau of Mines (USBM). Gas flow, methane gas concentration, gas temperature, barometric pressure, and vacuum pressure of the exhaust fan are the parameters collected by the system. The system also includes circuitry for automatic shutdown of the exhaust fan and an alarm system before an unsafe condition is created. Telemetry components were also integrated into the system to allow for transmission of borehole data to the mine office. As a test, the system was installed and operated on a vertical gob borehole for six months. Test results indicated that intermittent measurements with hand-held instruments from vertical gob boreholes were always higher than gas flows measurements made by the gob gas analyzer system. This paper describes the system components operational characteristics, and the results of the test program.

  19. Bulk power system reliability assessment considering protection system hidden failures

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Fang Yang; A. P. Sakis Meliopoulos; George J. Cokkinides; Q. Binh Dam

    2007-01-01

    In power system planning and operation procedures, bulk power system reliability assessment plays an important role. The current practice of such assessment generally assumes that protection systems are perfect, and the effects of protection system hidden failures are ignored. Recent research, however, shows that protection system hidden failures have been recognized as a contributing factor to power system cascading outages.

  20. Processor System Modeling - a language and simulation system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Fredrick Pfisterer; William C. Purdy; Leonard Lehmann

    1976-01-01

    There is a need for a language and simulation system that computer systems designers (rather than programmers) can use to build and exercise models of computer systems. The major characteristics of such a language and system are presented. A brief overview of the Processor System Modeling (PSM) system, consisting of PSM language input, translation to Simscript, execution, and interactive post

  1. NUMBER SYSTEMS 19.1 The Decimal System

    E-print Network

    Smith, Marc L.

    NUMBER SYSTEMS 19.1 The Decimal System 19.2 The Binary System 19.3 Converting between Binary and Decimal Integers Fractions 19.4 Hexadecimal Notation 19.5 Key Terms and Problems 19-1 CHAPTER #12;19-2 CHAPTER 19 / NUMBER SYSTEMS 19.1 THE DECIMAL SYSTEM In everyday life we use a system based on decimal

  2. Computer Systems and Network Manager

    E-print Network

    Computer Systems and Network Manager Fort Collins, Colorado POSITION A Computers Systems activities. RESPONSIBILITIES The successful candidate will perform computer systems and network administration, including computer hardware, systems software, applications software, and all configurations

  3. Graduate Studies Transportation Systems Engineering

    E-print Network

    Jacobs, Laurence J.

    Graduate Studies Transportation Systems Engineering TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS The transportation that transportation systems engineering can promote a thriving economy and a better quality of life by ensuring that transportation systems themselves affect the environment through operations, construction, and maintenance

  4. Regular points in system spaces

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yang Han; Mulan Liu

    2003-01-01

    Representation theory of quivers is applied to system theory. As a result, the regular points in system spaces are characterized. Moreover, all prestable points in system spaces are described and another generic property of linear systems is introduced.

  5. Systems evolution in intelligent buildings

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Kujuro; H. Yasuda

    1993-01-01

    The functional evolution of intelligent building systems is reviewed. Office automation systems, communications systems, building automation systems, building engineering and environmental planning technologies are discussed. The diversification of intelligent buildings and intelligent building management are also discussed

  6. Multiplexed ultrasonic system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bar-Cohen, Yoseph (Inventor); Kersey, Susan (Inventor); Daksla, Cedric (Inventor); Blanovsky, Anatoly (Inventor)

    2001-01-01

    A system which rapidly determines the elastic stiffness constants of materials in plate shape as well as characterize material flaws that are affecting these constants. Rapid (below a minute) nondestructive evaluation system allow for the determination of material stiffness constants, low noise data acquisition algorithm for measuring spectral data. A real time method of displaying leaky Lamb wave spectral data.

  7. An Online Reference System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chisman, Janet; Treat, William

    1984-01-01

    Describes a computer aid developed to assist in academic library reference service using the DataPhase Circulation System, an automated system that features full cataloging records in database and permits local programing. Access points (subject, type of reference work, course) and database structure and user screens are highlighted. (EJS)

  8. Purge water management system

    DOEpatents

    Cardoso-Neto, Joao E. (North Augusta, SC); Williams, Daniel W. (Aiken, SC)

    1996-01-01

    A purge water management system for effectively eliminating the production of purge water when obtaining a groundwater sample from a monitoring well. In its preferred embodiment, the purge water management system comprises an expandable container, a transportation system, and a return system. The purge water management system is connected to a wellhead sampling configuration, typically permanently installed at the well site. A pump, positioned with the monitoring well, pumps groundwater through the transportation system into the expandable container, which expands in direct proportion with volume of groundwater introduced, usually three or four well volumes, yet prevents the groundwater from coming into contact with the oxygen in the air. After this quantity of groundwater has been removed from the well, a sample is taken from a sampling port, after which the groundwater in the expandable container can be returned to the monitoring well through the return system. The purge water management system prevents the purge water from coming in contact with the outside environment, especially oxygen, which might cause the constituents of the groundwater to oxidize. Therefore, by introducing the purge water back into the monitoring well, the necessity of dealing with the purge water as a hazardous waste under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act is eliminated.

  9. Waste management system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sauer, R. L.; Jorgensen, G. K.

    1975-01-01

    The function of the waste management system was to control the disposition of solid and liquid wastes and waste stowage gases. The waste management system consisting of a urine subsystem and a fecal subsystem is described in detail and its overall performance is evaluated. Recommendations for improvement are given.

  10. Redundant Asynchronous Microprocessor System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Meyer, G.; Johnston, J. O.; Dunn, W. R.

    1985-01-01

    Fault-tolerant computer structure called RAMPS (for redundant asynchronous microprocessor system) has simplicity of static redundancy but offers intermittent-fault handling ability of complex, dynamically redundant systems. New structure useful wherever several microprocessors are employed for control - in aircraft, industrial processes, robotics, and automatic machining, for example.

  11. Virtual clay modeling system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ken-ichi Kameyama

    1997-01-01

    This paper describes a CAD system in which a user can directly manipulate the shape of a virtual object like a clay model and can produce its solid model data. The key component of its hardware is a special input device with a 3D position tracker and a tactile sensor. In this system, the movement of a virtual object is

  12. School Formative Feedback Systems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Halverson, Richard

    2010-01-01

    Data-driven instructional improvement relies on developing coherent systems that allow school staff to generate, interpret, and act upon quality formative information on students and school programs. This article offers a formative feedback system model that captures how school leaders and teachers structure artifacts and practices to create…

  13. Filter service system

    DOEpatents

    Sellers, Cheryl L. (Peoria, IL); Nordyke, Daniel S. (Arlington Heights, IL); Crandell, Richard A. (Morton, IL); Tomlins, Gregory (Peoria, IL); Fei, Dong (Peoria, IL); Panov, Alexander (Dunlap, IL); Lane, William H. (Chillicothe, IL); Habeger, Craig F. (Chillicothe, IL)

    2008-12-09

    According to an exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure, a system for removing matter from a filtering device includes a gas pressurization assembly. An element of the assembly is removably attachable to a first orifice of the filtering device. The system also includes a vacuum source fluidly connected to a second orifice of the filtering device.

  14. Automated drug identification system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Campen, C. F., Jr.

    1974-01-01

    System speeds up analysis of blood and urine and is capable of identifying 100 commonly abused drugs. System includes computer that controls entire analytical process by ordering various steps in specific sequences. Computer processes data output and has readout of identified drugs.

  15. Overview of locking systems

    SciTech Connect

    Gee, K.T.; Scott, S.H.; Wilde, M.G. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Highland, S.E. [Albuquerque Safe Co., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1993-12-01

    The purpose of this document is to present technical information that should be useful for understanding and applying locking systems for physical protection and control. There are major sections on hardware for locks, vaults, safes, and security containers. Other topics include management of lock systems and safety considerations. This document also contains notes on standards and specifications and a glossary.

  16. Using energy management systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Caffrey

    1983-01-01

    This article shows how energy savings are possible for all types of buildings in diverse climates through proper application and use of energy management systems (EMS). It is emphasized that making the decision about what type of systems best suits the needs of the individual facility calls for thorough analysis. It is pointed out that once the decision is made,

  17. Laser Inertial Navigation System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hruby, R. J.; Xenakis, G.; Carestia, R. A.; Bjorkman, W. S.; Schmit, S. F.; Corliss, L. D.

    1986-01-01

    Acceptable accuracy obtained with short alignment time. Report describes successful helicopter tests of laser inertial navigational equipment. Tests conducted over 3-year period, both in laboratory and flight. Inertial system used as position/velocity/attitude indicator and later also served as part of automatic flight-control system.

  18. CEBAF control system

    SciTech Connect

    Bork, R.; Grubb, C.; Lahti, G.; Navarro, E.; Sage, J.

    1989-01-01

    A logic-based computer control system is in development at CEBAF. This Unix/C language software package, running on a distributed, hierarchical system of workstation and supervisory minicomputers, interfaces to hardware via CAMAC. Software aspects to be covered are ladder logic, interactive database generation, networking, and graphic user interfaces. 1 fig.

  19. CEBAF Control System

    SciTech Connect

    Bork, Rolf; Lahti, George; Navarro, Edwin; Grubb, Caroline; Sage, Joan; Moore, T.

    1988-10-01

    A logic-based computer control system is in development at CEBAF. This Unix/C language software package, running on a distributed, hierarchical system of workstation and supervisory minicomputers, interfaces to hardware via CAMAC. Software aspects to be covered are ladder logic, interactive database generation, networking, and graphic user interfaces.

  20. Grinding Wheel System

    DOEpatents

    Malkin, Stephen (Amherst, MA); Gao, Robert (Amherst, MA); Guo, Changsheng (South Windsor, CT); Varghese, Biju (Worthington, OH); Pathare, Sumukh (Waltham, MA)

    2003-08-05

    A grinding wheel system includes a grinding wheel with at least one embedded sensor. The system also includes an adapter disk containing electronics that process signals produced by each embedded sensor and that transmits sensor information to a data processing platform for further processing of the transmitted information.