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King County Nearshore Habitat Mapping Data Report: Picnic Point to Shilshole Bay Marina  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this study is to provide accurate, georeferenced maps of benthic habitats to assist in the siting of a new wastewater treatment plant outfall and the assessment of habitats of endangered, threatened, and economically important species. The mapping was conducted in the fall of 1999 using two complementary techniques: side-scan sonar and underwater videography. Products derived from these techniques include geographic information system (GIS) compatible polygon data of substrate type and vegetation cover, including eelgrass and kelp. Additional GIS overlays include underwater video track line data of total macroalgae, selected macroalgal species, fish, and macroinvertebrates. The combined tools of geo-referenced side-scan sonar and underwater video is a powerful technique for assessing and mapping of nearshore habitat in Puget Sound. Side-scan sonar offers the ability to map eelgrass with high spatial accuracy and resolution, and provides information on patch size, shape, and coverage. It also provides information on substrate change and location of specific targets (e.g., piers, docks, pilings, large boulders, debris piles). The addition of underwater video is a complementary tool providing both groundtruthing for the sonar and additional information on macro fauna and flora. As a groundtruthing technique, the video was able to confirm differences between substrate types, as well as detect subtle spatial changes in substrate. It also verified information related to eelgrass, including the density classification categories and the type of substrate associated with eelgrass, which could not be determined easily with side- scan sonar. Video is also a powerful tool for mapping the location of macroalgae, (including kelp and Ulva), fish and macroinvertebrates. The ability to geo-locate these resources in their functional habitat provides an added layer of information and analytical potential.

Woodruff, Dana L.; Farley, Paul J.; Borde, Amy B.; Southard, John A.; Thom, Ronald M.



Charging Up in King County, Washington  


King County, Washington is spearheading a regional effort to develop a network of electric vehicle charging stations. It is also improving its vehicle fleet and made significant improvements to a low-income senior housing development.

Constantine, Dow; Oliver, LeAnn; Inslee, Jay; Sahandy, Sheida; Posthuma, Ron; Morrison, David;



King County Earthworks: Land Reclamation as Sculpture  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Can land reclamation be public art? It most certainly can and large scale installations can be found in abundance from California to Maine. This rather wonderful project appeared in Washington's King County in the summer of 1979. The King County Archives brought together original interviews, photos, and other documents for this marvelous exploration of a unique and trend-setting endeavor. The intent of the project was to have artists create various earthworks on land that had been environmentally damaged. The first phase was a demonstration project, then other artists moved on to create six different sites. The first demonstration project was crafted by well-known artist Robert Morris and there are a number of videos, explanatory essays, and diagrams documenting this crafty and fascinating experiment in public art.



History and hydrologic effects of ground water use in Kings, Queens, and western Nassau counties, Long Island, New York  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Ground-water withdrawals from the aquifers underlying Kings and Queens Counties varied temporally and spatially during the 20th century and caused extreme changes in water levels. The resultant lowering of water levels during periods of heavy pumping caused saltwater intrusion in nearshore areas and the migration of contaminants from land surface into deep aquifers. The recovery of water levels in response to countywide curtailment of pumping has resulted in the flooding of underground structures. Combined withdrawals for public and industrial supply in Kings and Queens Counties were greatest during the 1930's--about 130 million gallons per day. During this period, a large cone of depression developed in the water table in Kings County; within this depression, water levels were about 45 feet lower than in 1903. All pumping for public supply was halted in Kings County in 1947, and in Jamaica (in Queens County) in 1974. Water levels in Kings County had recovered by 1974 and have remained similar to those of 1903 since then, except for minor localized drawdowns due to industrial-supply or dewatering withdrawals. A large cone of depression that had formed in southeastern Queens County before 1974 has now (1997) disappeared. The estimated combined withdrawal for public supply and industrial supply in Kings and Queens Counties in 1996 was only about 50 million gallons per day. The water-level recoveries in the water-table and confined aquifers generally have resulted in the dilution and dispersion of residual salty and nitrate-contaminated ground water. The majority of recently sampled wells indicate stable or decreasing chloride and nitrate concentrations in all aquifers since 1983. Organic contaminants remain in ground water in Kings, Queens, and Nassau Counties, however; the most commonly detected compounds in 1992-96 were tetrachloroethene, trichloroethene, chloroform, and total trihalomethanes. Water samples from monitoring wells in Kings County indicate a greater number of occurrences of these compounds in the upper glacial aquifer than in the Jameco-Magothy aquifer, whereas samples from public-supply wells in Queens County indicated a greater number of occurrences in the Jameco- Magothy aquifer than in the upper glacial aquifer. This distribution suggests that organic contaminants were not drawn into the deeper aquifers in Kings County before 1947, when their use was limited and deep withdrawals were greatest, and (or) that the longer period of waterlevel recovery in Kings County than in Queens has allowed greater degradation, dilution, and dispersion of any organic contaminants that might have entered the deep aquifers before the cessation of pumping in 1947.

Cartwright, R.A.



King County Metro Transit Hybrid Articulated Buses: Final Evaluation Results  

SciTech Connect

Final technical report compares and evaluates new diesel and diesel hybrid-electric articulated buses operated as part of the King County Metro Transit (KC Metro) fleet in Seattle, Washington. The evaluation lasted 12 months.

Chandler, K.; Walkowicz, K.



Productivity of Great Blue Herons in King County, Washington  

Microsoft Academic Search

We studied productivity of great blue herons (Ardea herodias) at their nesting colonies in King County, western Washington in the 2000 breeding season. Rapid urbanization has been hypothesized to have limited heron population growth in recent years. Of the 354 active nests in 2000, 260 (74%) nests produced fledglings. Mean productivity for all active nests was 1.77 (SD = 1.37).

Kenneth J. Raedeke; David A. Manuwal



Tular Lake Field, Kings County, California - a significant onshore development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Tulare Lake field is located in Kings County, California, on the west side of the San Joaquin Valley and 10 mi east of the Kettleman Hills (North Dome) field and 30 mi souuheast of the city of Coalinga. The field was discovered by Husky Oil Co. (Marathon) in October 1981 with the completion of the Boswell 22-16, Sec. 16,

R. G. Lindblom; J. M. Waldron




Microsoft Academic Search

Land use in the Snoqualmie Watershed is 92.6% agricultural or rural residential. The King Conservation District (KCD) educates farmers on best management practices (BMPs) to protect water quality and salmon habitat. Under contract to the KCD, the King County Water and Land Resources Division monitored water quality at a total of 13 sites near agricultural land in five salmon-bearing tributaries

F. P. Solomon


Interim Evaluation Results from New Flyer/Allison Hybrid Buses at King County Metro: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

This paper prepared for the 2005 American Public Transportation Association Bus & Paratransit Conference discusses NREL/DOE evaluation of hybrid electric articulated transit buses operated by King County Metro.

Chandler, K.; Eberts, E.; Eudy, L.




EPA Science Inventory

Human infection with nontuberculous Mycobacteria spp. in King County, Washington, 1999 - 2002 E Hilborn, T Covert, M Yakrus, G Stelma, M Schmitt 1) US Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, National Health and Environmental Research Laboratory,...


Radiological Risk Assessment for King County Wastewater Treatment Division  

SciTech Connect

Staff of the King County Wastewater Treatment Division (WTD) have concern about the aftermath of a radiological dispersion event (RDE) leading to the introduction of significant quantities of radioactive material into the combined sanitary and storm sewer system in King County, Washington. Radioactive material could come from the use of a radiological dispersion device (RDD). RDDs include "dirty bombs" that are not nuclear detonations but are explosives designed to spread radioactive material (National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements (NCRP) 2001). Radioactive material also could come from deliberate introduction or dispersion of radioactive material into the environment, including waterways and water supply systems. This document develops plausible and/or likely scenarios, including the identification of likely radioactive materials and quantities of those radioactive materials to be involved. These include 60Co, 90Sr, 137Cs, 192Ir, 226Ra, plutonium, and 241Am. Two broad categories of scenarios are considered. The first category includes events that may be suspected from the outset, such as an explosion of a "dirty bomb" in downtown Seattle. The explosion would most likely be heard, but the type of explosion (e.g., sewer methane gas or RDD) may not be immediately known. Emergency first responders must be able to quickly detect the radioisotopes previously listed, assess the situation, and deploy a response to contain and mitigate (if possible) detrimental effects resulting from the incident. In such scenarios, advance notice of about an hour or two might be available before any contaminated wastewater reaches a treatment plant. The second category includes events that could go initially undetected by emergency personnel. Examples of such a scenario would be the inadvertent or surreptitious introduction of radioactive material into the sewer system. Intact rogue radioactive sources from industrial radiography devices, well-logging apparatus, or moisture density gages may get into wastewater and be carried to a treatment plant. Other scenarios might include a terrorist deliberately putting a dispersible radioactive material into wastewater. Alternatively, a botched terrorism preparation of an RDD may result in radioactive material entering wastewater without anyone's knowledge. Drinking water supplies may also be contaminated, with the result that some or most of the radioactivity ends up in wastewater.

Strom, Daniel J.



Fifth Annual Report: 2008 Pre-Construction Eelgrass Monitoring and Propagation for King County Outfall Mitigation  

SciTech Connect

This is the fifth and final report in a series documenting progress of the pre-construction eelgrass restoration and mitigation activities for the proposed King County Brightwater marine outfall, discharging to Puget Sound near Point Wells, Washington. King County began implementing a multiyear eelgrass monitoring and restoration program in 2004, with the primary goal of returning intertidal and shallow subtidal habitat and eelgrass to pre-construction conditions, after construction of the outfall. Major eelgrass mitigation program elements include: a) pre-construction monitoring, i.e., documenting initial eelgrass conditions and degree of fluctuation over a 5 year period prior to construction, b) eelgrass transplanting, including harvesting, offsite propagation and stockpiling of local plants for post-construction planting, and c) post-construction planting and subsequent monitoring, occurring in 2009 and beyond. The overall program is detailed in the Eelgrass Restoration and Biological Resources Implementation Workplan (King County 2008).

Woodruff, Dana L.; Judd, Chaeli; Thom, Ronald M.; Sather, Nichole K.; Kaufmann, Ronald M.



Radiological Instrumentation Assessment for King County Wastewater Treatment Division  

SciTech Connect

The King County Wastewater Treatment Division (WTD) have concern about the aftermath of a radiological dispersion event (RDE) leading to the introduction of significant quantities of radioactive material into its combined sanitary and storm sewer system. Radioactive material could come from the use of a radiological dispersion device (RDD). RDDs include "dirty bombs" that are not nuclear detonations but are explosives designed to spread radioactive material. Radioactive material also could come from deliberate introduction or dispersion of radioactive material into the environment, including waterways and water supply systems. Volume 2 of PNNL-15163 assesses the radiological instrumentation needs for detection of radiological or nuclear terrorism, in support of decisions to treat contaminated wastewater or to bypass the West Point Treatment Plant (WPTP), and in support of radiation protection of the workforce, the public, and the infrastructure of the WPTP. Fixed radiation detection instrumentation should be deployed in a defense-in-depth system that provides 1) early warning of significant radioactive material on the way to the WPTP, including identification of the radionuclide(s) and estimates of the soluble concentrations, with a floating detector located in the wet well at the Interbay Pump Station and telemetered via the internet to all authorized locations; 2) monitoring at strategic locations within the plant, including 2a) the pipe beyond the hydraulic ram in the bar screen room; 2b) above the collection funnels in the fine grit facility; 2c) in the sampling tank in the raw sewage pump room; and 2d) downstream of the concentration facilities that produce 6% blended and concentrated biosolids. Engineering challenges exist for these applications. It is necessary to deploy both ultra-sensitive detectors to provide early warning and identification and detectors capable of functioning in high-dose rate environments that are likely under some scenarios, capable of functioning from 10 microrems per hour (background) up to 1000 rems per hour. Software supporting fixed spectroscopic detectors is needed to provide prompt, reliable, and simple interpretations of spectroscopic outputs that are of use to operators and decision-makers. Software to provide scientists and homeland security personnel with sufficient technical detail for identification, quantification, waste management decisions, and for the inevitable forensic and attribution needs must be developed. Computational modeling using MCNP software has demonstrated that useful detection capabilities can be deployed. In particular, any of the isotopes examined can be detected at levels between 0.01 and 0.1 ?Ci per gallon. General purpose instruments that can be used to determine the nature and extent of radioactive contamination and measure radiation levels for purposes of protecting personnel and members of the public should be available. One or more portable radioisotope identifiers (RIIDs) should be available to WTD personnel. Small, portable battery-powered personal radiation monitors should be widely available WTD personnel. The personal monitors can be used for personal and group radiation protection decisions, and to alert management to the need to get expert backup. All considerations of radiological instrumentation require considerations of training and periodic retraining of personnel, as well as periodic calibration and maintenance of instruments. Routine “innocent” alarms will occur due to medical radionuclides that are legally discharged into sanitary sewers on a daily basis.

Strom, Daniel J.; McConn, Ronald J.; Brodzinski, Ronald L.



Geology and ground-water resources of northwestern King County, Washington  

USGS Publications Warehouse

King County, in the west-central part of the State of Washington, includes about 2,135 square miles. The eastern part of the county lies in the Sierra-Cascade Mountains province and the remainder is in the Puget Trough of the Pacific Border province. The area covered by the present investigation is almost entirely within the Puget Trough and includes about 450 square miles.

Liesch, Bruce A.; Price, Charles E.; Walters, Kenneth L.




EPA Science Inventory

Background: Pathogenic nontuberculous Mycobacteria spp. (NTM) are not known to be transmitted among persons, but may be acquired from exposure to contaminated media such as soil, food and water. We examined the spectrum of NTM isolated from human specimens in King County, WA. ...


Geology of the Copper King Mine area, Prairie Divide, Larimer County, Colorado (Part 1)  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Copper King mine, in Larimer County, Colo., in the northern part of the Front Range of Colorado, was operated for a short time prior to World War II for copper and zino, but since 1949, when pitchblende was discovered on the mine dump, it has been worked for uranium. The bedrock in the mine area consists predominantly of pre-Cambrian (Silver Plums) granite with minor migmatite and metasediments--biotite-quartz-plagioclase gneiss, biotite schist, quartzite, amphibolite, amphibole skarn, and biotite skols. The metasediments occur as inclusions that trend northeast in the granite. This trend is essentially parallel to the prevailing foliation in the granite. At places the metasediments are crosscut sharply by the granite to form angular, partly discordant, steep-walled bodies in the granite. Faults, confined to a narrow zone that extends through the mine, cut both the pre-Cambrian rocks and the contained sulfide deposits. The Copper King fault, a breccia zone, contains a deposit of pitchblende; the other faults are believed to be later than the ore. The two types of mineral deposits--massive sulfide and pitchblende deposits--in the mine area, are of widely different mineralogy, age, and origin. The massive sulfide deposits are small and consist of pyrite, sphalerite, chalcopyrite, pyrrhotite, and in places magnetite in amphibole skarn, mice skols, and quartzite. The deposit at the Copper King mine has yielded small quantities of high-grade sphalerite ore. The massive sulfides are pyrometasomatic deposits of pre-Cambrian age. The pitchblende at the Copper King mine is principally in the Copper King vein, a tight, hard breccia zone that cuts through both granite and the massive sulfide deposit. A small part of the pitchblende is in small fractures near the vein and in boxwork pyrite adjacent to the vein; the post-ore faults, close to their intersection with the Copper King vein, contain some radioactive material, but elsewhere, so far as is known, they are barren. The pitchblende in the deposit forms a steeply plunging ore shoot that has a horizontal length of more than 50 feet and a vertical height of about 85 feet. The thickness of the ore shoot averages about 2 feet, but it ranges from a feather edge to about 4 feet. The hard pitch-blende is intimately intergrown with siderite; other gangue minerals include pyrite, quartz, and finely comminuted fragments of the wall rocks. The vein was repeatedly reopened during mineral deposition as shown by several stages of brecciation and recommended by the vein matter. The pitchblende deposit probably formed at intermediate temperatures and depths and, according to the Pb/U ratio, is about 60 million years old--an early Tertiary age.

Sims, Paul Kibler; Phair, George



Analysis of fatal pedestrian injuries in King County, WA, and prospects for prevention.  

PubMed Central

Pedestrian fatalities caused by motor vehicles in King County, WA, over a 12-month period were reviewed to examine the potential for prevention by various strategies. Cases were identified through the King County Medical Examiner's Office. Between April 1, 1985, and March 31, 1986, a total of 38 pedestrians died of motor vehicle injuries. The victims were generally children (N = 11), the elderly (N = 13), or intoxicated adults (N = 9). Supervision of the child was inadequate in 64 percent of the children's deaths. The driver was at fault in deaths of seven children, five adults, and three elderly persons. None of the children and only one of the elderly victims was injured at night. The majority of injuries occurred on major thorough-fares; only 16 percent occurred on residential streets. Possible strategies for prevention appear to include improved enforcement of pedestrian right-of-way laws, changes in vehicle design, modification of the environment (particularly in urban areas), and improved training programs for children. PMID:2498980

Rivara, F P; Reay, D T; Bergman, A B




EPA Science Inventory

In 1996 and 1999, EPA published the results of a community-centered approach for documenting the seafood consumption patterns of Asian American and Pacific Islanders (API) in the King County area of Washington state. Summary statistics were included in the project reports, but n...


The Impact of a Community-Based Chronic Disease Prevention Initiative: Evaluation Findings from "Steps to Health King County"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Steps to Health King County" ("Steps KC"; Seattle, Washington) was one of 40 community-level initiatives funded in 2003 as part of the "Steps to a HealthierUS" initiative. "Steps KC" goals included reducing the impact of chronic diseases through a comprehensive, coordinated approach and reducing health disparities due to chronic illness. "Steps…

Cheadle, Allen; Bourcier, Emily; Krieger, James; Beery, William; Smyser, Michael; Vinh, Diana V.; Lessler, Dan; Alfonsi, Lorrie



Arterial roads and area socioeconomic status are predictors of fast food restaurant density in King County, WA  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Fast food restaurants reportedly target specific populations by locating in lower-income and in minority neighborhoods. Physical proximity to fast food restaurants has been associated with higher obesity rates. OBJECTIVE: To examine possible associations, at the census tract level, between area demographics, arterial road density, and fast food restaurant density in King County, WA, USA. METHODS: Data on median household

Philip M Hurvitz; Anne V Moudon; Colin D Rehm; Laura C Streichert; Adam Drewnowski



How to Identify Food Deserts: Measuring Physical and Economic Access to Supermarkets in King County, Washington  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We explored new ways to identify food deserts. Methods. We estimated physical and economic access to supermarkets for 5 low-income groups in Seattle–King County, Washington. We used geographic information system data to measure physical access: service areas around each supermarket were delineated by ability to walk, bicycle, ride transit, or drive within 10 minutes. We assessed economic access by stratifying supermarkets into low, medium, and high cost. Combining income and access criteria generated multiple ways to estimate food deserts. Results. The 5 low-income group definitions yielded total vulnerable populations ranging from 4% to 33% of the county’s population. Almost all of the vulnerable populations lived within a 10-minute drive or bus ride of a low- or medium-cost supermarket. Yet at most 34% of the vulnerable populations could walk to any supermarket, and as few as 3% could walk to a low-cost supermarket. Conclusions. The criteria used to define low-income status and access to supermarkets greatly affect estimates of populations living in food deserts. Measures of access to food must include travel duration and mode and supermarket food costs. PMID:22897554

Moudon, Anne V.; Ulmer, Jared; Hurvitz, Philip M.; Drewnowski, Adam



Uranium in the Copper King Mine, Black Hawk No. 1 Claim, Larimer County, Colorado  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Radioactive rock was discovered on the dump of the Copper King mine, sec. 8, T. 10 N., R. 72 W., Larirrier County, Colo., in the summer of 1949. The mine had been prospected intermittently for copper and zinc since 1,916, but there is no record that ore was produced. The country rock is pre-Cambrian granite containing many schist inclusions and narrow pegmatite dikes. Pitchblende disseminated in chlorite and sulfides was deposited in an obscure vein system during an intermediate stage of mineralization. This stage was preceded by biotitic alteration of amphiboles and sulfide deposition. The latest stage of mineralization is represented-by the limonitic dense quartz vein followed during mining. The uranium-bearing vein is about 2-3 feet wide and the dense quartz vein is less than 6 inches wide. Both veins are bordered by 1-3 feet of biotite- and sulfide-bearing granite and arriphibole schist. The uranium content of 26 samples taken in the mine and on the dump ranges from 0.002 to 1.40 percent. These samples contained as much as 2.97 percent copper and 5.96 percent zinc. The general outlook for further prospecting near the Copper King shaft is not favorable, because much of the 'immediately surrounding area has been thoroughly investigated without finding abnormal radioactivity. The most favorable environment for concentration of uranium minerals appears to have been in or near schist inclusions in granite, and further exploration in nearby prospects may result in the discovery of other uranium-bearing deposits. In the Copper King mine, additional exploration would aid in determining the extent of the uranium-bearing material.

Granger, Harry Clifford; King, Robert Ugstad



Tumbleweed Delta-Lower Tannehill Point Bars, geochemistry and dipmeter logs of Dickens and King Counties, Texas  

SciTech Connect

The oil-prone Tannehill sandstone trend is an extensive Eastern Shelf clastic depositional system derived from an ancient uplift located several counties away to the east-northeast of Dickens and King counties. The older 100-mi-long lower Tannehill system, preceding the upper Tannehill (Frye) system, trended east-west into King and Dickens counties, where it lies in the domain of the shallow-water-shelf delta distributary, situated between the well-documented prolific point-bar (fluvial) deposits of Baylor, Knox, and eastern King counties, and the massive nonproductive slope-mouth bar (deeper water) deposits of western Kent and western Dickens counties. The individual prolific and shallow sand bodies in the shelf distributary of Dickens and King counties are shelf delta point-bars, with some reworking. Geologists for years have erroneously played the sands and interpreted dipmeter logs in this area as fluvial point-bars. Case histories illustrate the complex stratigraphic traps of varying sizes that are formed, and the problems with dipmeter interpretations. Prospecting techniques involving subsurface geology and soil-gas geochemistry have resulted in wildcat success ratios in excess of 25% and development well success in excess of 85%. Numerous fields with proven total recoverable reserves in excess of 800,000 bbl of oil have been found over the last 10 yr. The premise central to modern-day geochemical soil gas prospecting is that very small amounts (parts per million) of light hydrocarbons move upward continuously (but not always vertically) over time from subsurface hydrocarbon reservoirs toward the ground surface, and such microseepage is detectable by modern instruments sensitive to parts per billion. Case histories illustrate that such unconventional techniques are very successful only in certain geologic provinces, and are to be integrated with subsurface geology and other conventional methods.

Usseglio, J.M. (Tumbleweed Oil Co., Dallas, TX (USA))



HTLV-2 infection in injection drug users in King County, Washington.  


Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 2 (HTLV-2) is endemic in injection drug users (IDU), and native American populations in the Americas. Transmission is associated with high-risk injection and sexual practices. A cohort of 2561 IDU in King County, Washington completed 2 study visits over 1 y. HTLV-2 infection was detected in 190 (7.4%) of 2561 IDU, and 13 (7.8 cases per 1000 person-y) incident infections occurred during the study. Prevalent infection was associated with female gender, non-white race, longer duration as IDU, having a tattoo, combined injection of heroin and cocaine, and with serologic evidence of hepatitis B and C infection. Seroconversion was more common in women, and was associated with African American race, heterosexual identity and longer duration as IDU. In conclusion, increased risk of HTLV-2 infection was associated with non-white race, and injection drug of choice, suggesting injection networks may play an important role in transmission of HTLV-2. The high correlation of HTLV-2 infection with HCV infection suggests the major route of transmission in IDU is via injection practices. Additional studies are needed to examine the clinical manifestations of HTLV-2 infection, as well as the clinical and virological manifestations of HTLV-2/HCV coinfection. PMID:16857611

Zunt, Joseph R; Tapia, Ken; Thiede, Hanne; Lee, Rong; Hagan, Holly



Descriptive epidemiology of unintentional residential fire injuries in King County, WA, 1984 and 1985.  

PubMed Central

Although most studies have concentrated on fatal residential fire injuries, which are a leading cause of fatal injuries in the United States, few investigators have examined in detail nonfatal injuries as a consequence of residential fires. This population-based study used the Washington State Fire Incident Reporting System to assess the incidence and descriptive epidemiology of fatal and nonfatal burns or respiratory tract damage resulting from unintentional residential fires. For the 2-year period 1984-85 in King County, WA, the mortality rate due to injury in a residential fire was 0.7 per 100,000 per year, and the incidence of nonfatal injuries was 5.6 per 100,000 per year. Of 17 fatalities, 59 percent of the deaths occurred at the scene of the fire. Of 128 persons with nonfatal injuries, 19 percent were hospitalized; although the 55 percent seen as outpatients and the 26 percent treated by the fire department or paramedics at the fire scene usually had minor injuries, they would not have been captured if only traditional data sources had been employed. Those injured averaged 2.8 days of restricted activity, but the range was from less than 1 day to 1 year. Injuries were more common in the households with a low socioeconomic status and among nonwhites, especially American Indians. Variation in incidence by age, sex, and source of ignition for deaths and nonfatal injuries suggests appropriate targets for future fire injury prevention programs. PMID:1641436

Ballard, J E; Koepsell, T D; Rivara, F P; Van Belle, G



HTLV-2 infection in injection drug users in King County, Washington  

PubMed Central

Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 2 (HTLV-2) is endemic in injection drug users (IDU), and native American populations in the Americas. Transmission is associated with high-risk injection and sexual practices. A cohort of 2561 IDU in King County, Washington completed 2 study visits over 1 y. HTLV-2 infection was detected in 190 (7.4%) of 2561 IDU, and 13 (7.8 cases per 1000 person-y) incident infections occurred during the study. Prevalent infection was associated with female gender, non-white race, longer duration as IDU, having a tattoo, combined injection of heroin and cocaine, and with serologic evidence of hepatitis B and C infection. Seroconversion was more common in women, and was associated with African American race, heterosexual identity and longer duration as IDU. In conclusion, increased risk of HTLV-2 infection was associated with non-white race, and injection drug of choice, suggesting injection networks may play an important role in transmission of HTLV-2. The high correlation of HTLV-2 infection with HCV infection suggests the major route of transmission in IDU is via injection practices. Additional studies are needed to examine the clinical manifestations of HTLV-2 infection, as well as the clinical and virological manifestations of HTLV-2/HCV coinfection. PMID:16857611




Tuberculosis risk factors in adults in King County, Washington, 1988 through 1990.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES. Tuberculosis has become a resurgent public health problem in the United States. Because resources are limited, control programs frequently must target populations at greatest risk. The purpose of the study was to examine risk factors for tuberculosis in adults. METHODS. In King County, Washington State, from 1988 through 1990, the characteristics of patients with tuberculosis were compared with census data, and a case-control study was conducted. Self-administered questionnaires were completed by 151 patients with active tuberculosis and 545 control subjects. RESULTS. Infection with the human immunodeficiency virus, non-White race/ethnicity, and foreign birthplace were each associated with a sixfold or greater increase in risk. Each of the following was associated with at least a doubled risk: history of selected underlying medical conditions; low weight for height; low socioeconomic status; and age 70 years or older. Men had 1.9 times the risk of women, smokers of 20 years' or more duration had 2.6 times the risk of nonsmokers, and heavy alcohol consumers had 2.0 times the risk of nondrinkers. CONCLUSIONS. Intervention targeting easily identified groups may be an effective way to reduce the incidence of tuberculosis. PMID:7977912

Buskin, S E; Gale, J L; Weiss, N S; Nolan, C M



Combined geological and surface geochemical methods discover King Sand production, Concho County, Texas  

SciTech Connect

From December, 1987 to September, 1990, 16 prospects within the current confines of the Lower King (Upper Pennsylvanian Cisco age) Sand Play in Concho County, Texas, were tested by several operators on locations found by various combinations of subsurface geology, reconnaissance surface radiometrics, and soil gas hydrocarbon leads A 37.5% exploratory success rate has resulted in six new field discoveries or extensions with a total exploration and development cost of less than $0.50 per barrel of proven oil reserves. The average recoverable reserves per new field discovery are estimated to be 2.6 Mbbl of oil, and the average recoverable reserves per well are estimated to be 285,000 bbl at a depth of 2200 ft. Five of the six new field discoveries were based primarily on surface geochemical data. The sixth discovery, a southeast extension to the Lonesome Dove II field, was found on the basis of subsurface geology. The Agaritta field is one of the two largest of the new field discoveries with estimated proven (producing and undeveloped) recoverable reserves of 6 Mbbl of oil as of September, 1990. Its discovery was based on a combination of (1) detailed interstitial soil gas hydrocarbon data, (2) soil magnetic susceptibility measurements, and (3) surface potassium and uranium concentrations measured by gamma-ray spectrometry applied over two leads based on reconnaissance radiometrics. What initially appeared to be two separate prospects spaced over 7000 ft apart has since developed into one large field.

Thompson, C.K; Burson, K.R.; Saunders, D.F. (Recon Exploration, Inc., Dallas, TX (United States)); Brown, J.J. (Indigo Oil, Inc., Dallas, TX (United States))



Tidal-flow, circulation, and flushing characteristics of Kings Bay, Citrus County, Florida  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Kings Bay is an estuary on the gulf coast of peninsular Florida with a surface area of less than one square mile. It is a unique estuarine system with no significant inflowing rivers or streams. As much as 99 percent of the freshwater entering the bay originates from multiple spring vents at the bottom of the estuary. The circulation and flushing characteristics of Kings Bay were evaluated by applying SIMSYS2D, a two-dimensional numerical model. Field data were used to calibrate and verify the model. Lagrangian particle simulations were used to determine the circulation characteristics for three hydrologic conditions: low inflow, typical inflow, and low inflow with reduced friction from aquatic vegetation. Spring discharge transported the particles from Kings Bay through Crystal River and out of the model domain. Tidal effects added an oscillatory component to the particle paths. The mean particle residence time was 59 hours for low inflow with reduced friction; therefore, particle residence time is affected more by spring discharge than by bottom friction. Circulation patterns were virtually identical for the three simulated hydroloigc conditions. Simulated particles introduced in the southern part of Kings Bay traveled along the eastern side of Buzzard Island before entering Crystal River and existing the model domain. The flushing characteristics of Kings Bay for the three hydrodynamic conditions were determined by simulating the injection of conservative dye constituents. The average concentration of dye initially injected in Kings Bay decreased asymptotically because of spring discharge, and the tide caused some oscillation in the average dye concentration. Ninety-five percent of the injected dye exited Kings Bay and Crystal River with 94 hours for low inflow, 71 hours for typical inflow, and 94 hours for low inflow with reduced bottom friction. Simulation results indicate that all of the open waters of Kings Bay are flushed by the spring discharge. Reduced bottom friction has little effect on flushing.

Hammett, K.M.; Goodwin, C.R.; Sanders, G.L.



Changes in awareness and use of calorie information after mandatory menu labeling in restaurants in king county, washington.  


Objectives. We examined population-level impact on customer awareness and use and explored potential disparities in outcomes regarding the King County, Washington, regulation requiring chain restaurants to provide calorie information. Methods. We analyzed 2008 to 2010 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data from 3132 English-speaking King County residents aged 18 years and older who reported eating at a regulated chain. We used regression models to assess changes in calorie information awareness and use from prepolicy to postpolicy implementation by customer demographics, health status, and restaurant type. Results. Calorie information awareness and use increased significantly from 2008 to 2010. Unadjusted analyses indicated that the proportion who saw and used calorie information tripled, from 8.1% to 24.8%. Fully adjusted analyses confirmed significant increases. After policy implementation, White, higher income, and obese respondents had greater odds of seeing calorie information. Women, higher income groups, and those eating at a fast-food versus a sit-down chain restaurant were more likely to use this information. Conclusions. Significant increases in calorie information awareness and use following regulation support the population-wide value of this policy. However, improvements varied across race, income, and gender. PMID:25602868

Chen, Roxana; Smyser, Michael; Chan, Nadine; Ta, Myduc; Saelens, Brian E; Krieger, James



Estimated agricultural ground-water pumpage in parts of Fresno, Kings, and Madera Counties, San Joaquin Valley, California, 1974-77  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Agricultural ground-water pumpage data are presented for 1974-77 for the area on the west side of the San Joaquin Valley in parts of Fresno, Kings, and Madera Counties, Calif., which has approximately the boundaries of the Westlands Water District. The method of estimating pumpage was based on electric-power consumption at the agricultual wells. (Woodard-USGS)

Mitten, Hugh T.



Factors Associated With the Adoption of a Patient Education Intervention Among First Responders, King County, Washington, 2010–2011  

PubMed Central

Introduction This study investigated facilitators and barriers to adoption of an at-scene patient education program by firefighter emergency medical technicians (EMTs) in King County, Washington. Methods We consulted providers of emergency medical services (EMS) to develop a patient education pamphlet in the form of a tear-off sheet that could be attached to the EMT medical incident report. The pamphlet included resources for at-scene patient education on high blood pressure, blood glucose, falls, and social services. The program was launched in 29 fire departments in King County, Washington, on January 1, 2010, and a formal evaluation was conducted in late 2011. We developed a survey based on diffusion theory to assess 1) awareness of the pamphlet, 2) evaluation of the pamphlet attributes, 3) encouragement by peers and superiors for handing out the pamphlet, 4) perceived behavioral norms, and 5) demographic variables associated with self-reported adoption of the at-scene patient education program. The survey was completed by 822 (40.1%) of 2,047 firefighter emergency medical technicians. We conducted bivariate and multivariable analyses to assess associations between independent variables and self-reported adoption of the program. Results Adoption of the at-scene patient education intervention was significantly associated with positive evaluation of the pamphlet, encouragement from peers and superiors, and perceived behavioral norms. EMS providers reported they were most likely to hand out the pamphlet to patients in private residences who were treated and left at the scene. Conclusion Attributes of chronic disease prevention programs and encouragement from peers and supervisors are necessary in diffusion of patient education interventions in the prehospital care setting. PMID:24480631

Stubbs, Benjamin; Fahrenbruch, Carol; Phelan, Elizabeth



Lidar-revised geologic map of the Olalla 7.5' quadrangle, King, Kitsap, and Pierce Counties, Washington  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Olalla 7.5' quadrangle, which lies almost in the center of the Puget Lowland, displays the broad range of geologic environments typical of the region. The upland plain is fluted by the passage of the great continental ice sheet that last covered the area about 17,000 (14,000 radiocarbon) years ago. The plain is cut by channel deposits, both late glacial and postglacial in age, and it is cleaved even more deeply by one of the major arms of Puget Sound, Colvos Passage, which here separates the west coast of Vashon Island from the Kitsap Peninsula. Beneath the deposits of the last ice sheet is a complex sequence of older Quaternary-age sediments that extends about 400 m below the modern ground surface. These older sediments are best exposed along the shorelines and beach cliffs of Puget Sound, where wave action and landslides maintain relatively fresh exposures. The older sediments typically are compact, having been loaded by ice during one or more episodes of glaciation subsequent to their deposition. Locally these sediments are also cemented by iron and manganese oxides and hydroxides, a consequence of many tens or hundreds of thousands of years of weathering and groundwater movement. Our map is an interpretation of a 6-ft resolution lidar-derived digital elevation model combined with the geology depicted on the "Geologic map of the Olalla 7.5' quadrangle, King, Kitsap, and Pierce Counties, Washington," by Booth and Troost (2005), which was described, interpreted, and located on the 1953 1:24,000-scale topographic map of the Olalla 7.5-minute quadrangle. The original topographic base map, derived from 1951 aerial photographs, has 20-ft contours, nominal horizontal resolution of circa 40 ft (12 m), and nominal mean vertical accuracy of circa 13 ft (4 m). This new DEM has a horizontal resolution of 6 ft (2 m) and mean vertical accuracy circa 1 ft (0.3 m). The greater resolution and accuracy of the lidar DEM facilitated a much-improved interpretation of many aspects of the surficial geology, especially the distribution and relative age of landforms and the materials inferred to comprise them.

Tabor, Rowland W.; Haugerud, Ralph A.; Booth, Derek B.; Troost, Kathy Goetz



Rip Currents: Nearshore Fundamentals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module provides insight into how nearshore circulation and wave dynamics are involved in rip current formation. Topics covered in this module include: nearshore terminology, circulation and waves, rip current characteristics, and rip current forcing mechanisms. This module is the second of three modules covering the forecasting of rip currents.




An unusual Middle Permian flora from the Blaine Formation (Pease River Group: Leonardian-Guadalupian Series) of King County, West Texas  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A new Middle Permian plant assemblage from South Ash Pasture in King County, Texas, may be the youngest and is certainly the most unusual flora known from the Permian of either West Texas or adjoining north-central Texas. Found serendipitously in the evaporite-rich upper Blaine Formation (Pease River Group, Guadalupian Series), the flora is of very low diversity despite intensive collecting efforts, and the affinities of nearly all taxa are enigmatic. The most common elements are parallel-veined leaves that resemble cordaites but that could be isolated pinnules of a pinnate leaf. Gigantopterid foliage is present but not assignable to any known taxon. A single foliar conifer specimen is too incomplete for assignment. Numerous reproductive organs, however, and an abundance of axes may represent conifers. Conchostracans, palaeoniscoid fish scales, and small heteropolar coprolites also occur in the deposit, which originated as a small, claystone-dominated channel fill in a coastal plain setting.

DiMichele, W.A.; Hook, R.W.; Nelson, W.J.; Chaney, D.S.



Nearshore sticky waters  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Wind- and current-driven flotsam, oil spills, pollutants, and nutrients, approaching the nearshore will frequently appear to slow down/park just beyond the break zone, where waves break. Moreover, the portion of these tracers that beach will do so only after a long time. Explaining why these tracers park and at what rate they reach the shore has important implications on a variety of different nearshore environmental issues, including the determination of what subscale processes are essential in computer models for the simulation of pollutant transport in the nearshore. Using a simple model we provide an explanation for the underlying mechanism responsible for the parking of tracers, not subject to inertial effects, the role played by the bottom topography, and the non-uniform dispersion which leads, in some circumstances, to the eventual landing of all or a portion of the tracers. We refer to the parking phenomenon in this environment as nearshore sticky waters.

Restrepo, Juan M.; Venkataramani, Shankar C.; Dawson, Clint



Support Services for Exceptional Students: Fresno, Inyo, Kern, Kings, Madera, Mariposa, Merced, Mono, San Luis Obispo, and Tulare Counties.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for use by vocational administrators responsible for mainstreaming handicapped students into vocational education classes, the resource guide lists and describes governmental and private agencies that provide vocational programs and support services for the handicapped on a local and statewide basis in the California counties of Fresno,…

Hampel, Angelica; And Others


Biostratigraphy of the San Joaquin Formation in borrow-source area B-17, Kettleman Hills landfill, North Dome, Kettleman Hills, Kings County, California  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The stratigraphic occurrences and interpreted biostratigraphy of invertebrate fossil taxa in the upper San Joaquin Formation and lower-most Tulare Formation encountered at the Chemical Waste Management Kettleman Hills waste disposal facility on the North Dome of the Kettleman Hills, Kings County, California are documented. Significant new findings include (1) a detailed biostratigraphy of the upper San Joaquin Formation; (2) the first fossil occurrence of Modiolus neglectus; (3) distinguishing Ostrea sequens from Myrakeena veatchii (Ostrea vespertina of authors) in the Central Valley of California; (4) differentiating two taxa previously attributed to Pteropurpura festivus; (5) finding a stratigraphic succession between Caesia coalingensis (lower in the section) and Catilon iniquus (higher in the section); and (6) recognizing Pliocene-age fossils from around Santa Barbara. In addition, the presence of the bivalves Anodonta and Gonidea in the San Joaquin Formation, both restricted to fresh water and common in the Tulare Formation, confirm periods of fresh water or very close fresh-water environments during deposition of the San Joaquin Formation.

Powell, Charles L.; Fisk, Lanny H.; Maloney, David F.; Haasl, David M.



The risk of pedestrian injury and fatality in collisions with motor vehicles, a social ecological study of state routes and city streets in King County, Washington.  


This study examined the correlates of injury severity using police records of pedestrian-motor-vehicle collisions on state routes and city streets in King County, Washington. Levels of influence on collision outcome considered (1) the characteristics of individual pedestrians and drivers and their actions; (2) the road environment; and (3) the neighborhood environment. Binary logistic regressions served to estimate the risk of a pedestrian being severely injured or dying versus suffering minor or no injury. Significant individual-level influences on injury severity were confirmed for both types of roads: pedestrians being older or younger; the vehicle moving straight on the roadway. New variables associated with increased risk of severe injury or death included: having more than two pedestrians involved in a collision; and on city streets, the driver being inebriated. Road intersection design was significant only in the state route models, with pedestrians crossing at intersections without signals increasing the risk of being injured or dying. Adjusting for pedestrians' and drivers' characteristics and actions, neighborhood medium home values and higher residential densities increased the risk of injury or death. No other road or neighborhood environment variable remained significant, suggesting that pedestrians were not safer in areas with high pedestrian activity. PMID:21094292

Moudon, Anne Vernez; Lin, Lin; Jiao, Junfeng; Hurvitz, Philip; Reeves, Paula



Lake Ontario: Nearshore Variability  

EPA Science Inventory

We conducted a high-resolution survey with towed electronic instrumentation along the Lake Ontario nearshore (720 km) at a 20 meter contour. The survey was conducted September 6-10, 2008 with a shorter 300 km survey conducted August 14-15 for comparing of temporal variability. ...


Water-quality and sediment-chemistry data of drain water and evaporation ponds from Tulare Lake Drainage District, Kings County, California March 1985 to March 1986  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Trace element and major ion concentrations were measured in water samples collected monthly between March 1985 and March 1986 at the MD-1 pumping station at the Tulare Lake Drainage District evaporation ponds, Kings County, California. Samples were analyzed for selected pesticides several times during the year. Salinity, as measured by specific conductance, ranged from 11,500 to 37,600 microsiemens/centimeter; total recoverable boron ranged from 4,000 to 16,000 micrg/L; and total recoverable molybdenum ranged from 630 to 2,600 microg/L. Median concentrations of total arsenic and total selenium were 97 and 2 microg/L. Atrazine, prometone, propazine, and simazine were the only pesticides detected in water samples collected at the MD-1 pumping station. Major ions, trace elements, and selected pesticides also were analyzed in water and bottom-sediment samples from five of the southern evaporation ponds at Tulare Lake Drainage District. Water enters the ponds from the MD-1 pumping station at pond 1 and flows through the system terminating at pond 10. The water samples increased in specific conductance (21,700 to 90,200 microsiemens/centimeter) and concentrations of total arsenic (110 to 420 microg/L), total recoverable boron (12,000 to 80,000 microg/L) and total recoverable molybdenum (1,200 to 5,500 microg/L) going from pond 1 to pond 10, respectively. Pesticides were not detected in water from any of the ponds sampled. Median concentrations of total arsenic and total selenium in the bottom sediments were 4.0 and 0.9 microg/g, respectively. The only pesticides detected in bottom sediment samples from the evaporation ponds were DDD and DDE, with maximum concentration of 0.8 microg/kilogram. (Author 's abstract)

Fujii, Roger



The Seattle-King County healthy homes project: implementation of a comprehensive approach to improving indoor environmental quality for low-income children with asthma.  

PubMed Central

Pediatric asthma is a growing public health issue, disproportionately affecting low-income people and people of color. Exposure to indoor asthma triggers plays an important role in the development and exacerbation of asthma. We describe the implementation of the Seattle-King County Healthy Homes Project, a randomized, controlled trial of an outreach/education intervention to improve asthma-related health status by reducing exposure to allergens and irritants in the home. We randomly assigned 274 low-income children with asthma ages 4-12 to either a high- or a low-intensity group. In the high-intensity group, community health workers called Community Home Environmental Specialists (CHES) conducted initial home environmental assessments, provided individualized action plans, and made additional visits over a 12-month period to provide education and social support, encouragement of participant actions, provision of materials to reduce exposures (including bedding encasements), assistance with roach and rodent eradication, and advocacy for improved housing conditions. Members of the low-intensity group received the initial assessment, home action plan, limited education during the assessment visit, and bedding encasements. We describe the recruitment and training of CHES and challenges they faced and explain the assessment and exposure reduction protocols addressing dust mites, mold, tobacco smoke, pets, cockroaches, rodents, dust, moisture, and toxic or hazardous chemicals. We also discuss the gap between the practices recommended in the literature and what is feasible in the home. We accomplished home interventions and participants found the project very useful. The project was limited in resolving structural housing quality issues that contributed to exposure to indoor triggers. PMID:11929743

Krieger, James K; Takaro, Tim K; Allen, Carol; Song, Lin; Weaver, Marcia; Chai, Sanders; Dickey, Phillip



Nearshore Wave Modeling  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Ocean waves near shore impact public safety, commerce, navigation, and, of course recreation. Predicting these waves has driven efforts to model them for more than two decades. This module introduces forecasters to different nearshore wave models, including phase-resolving and 1- and 2-dimensional spectral models. It describes the processes that wave models simulate, the assumptions they make, the initial and boundary conditions required to run the models, and potential sources of error in model forecasts. While focusing on SWAN, the module also examines the Navy Standard surf Model and Bouss-2D.




Soil chemistry and ground-water quality of the water-table zone of the surficial aquifer, Naval Submarine Base Kings Bay, Camden County, Georgia, 1998 and 1999  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In 1998, the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of the Navy, began an investigation to determine background ground-water quality of the water-table zone of the surficial aquifer and soil chemistry at Naval Submarine Base Kings Bay, Camden County, Georgia, and to compare these data to two abandoned solid- waste disposal areas (referred to by the U.S. Navy as Sites 5 and 16). The quality of water in the water-table zone generally is within the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) drinking-water regulation. The pH of ground water in the study area ranged from 4.0 to 7.6 standard units, with a median value of 5.4. Water from 29 wells is above the pH range and 3 wells are within the range of the USEPA secondary drinking-water regulation (formerly known as the Secondary Maximum Contaminant Level or SMCL) of 6.5 to 8.5 standard units. Also, water from one well at Site 5 had a chloride concentration of 570 milligrams per liter (mg/L,), which is above the USEPA secondary drinking-water regulation of 250 mg/L. Sulfate concentrations in water from two wells at Site 5 are above the USEPA secondary drinking-water regulation of 250 mg/L. Of 22 soil-sampling locations for this study, 4 locations had concentrations above the detection limit for either volatile organic compounds (VOCs), base-neutral acids (BNAs), or pesticides. VOCs detected in the study area include toluene in one background sample; and acetone in one background sample and one sample from Site 16--however, detection of these two compounds may be a laboratory artifact. Pesticides detected in soil at the Submarine Base include two degradates of 1,1,1-trichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethane (DDT): 1,1-dichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethane (4,4'-DDD) in one background sample, 1,1-dichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethene (4,4'-DDE) in one background sample and one sample from Site 16; and dibenzofuran in one sample from Site 16. BNAs were detected in one background sample and in two samples from Site 16. Hypothesis testing, using the Wilcoxon rank-sum test (also known as the Mann-Whitney test), indicates no statistical difference between ground-water constituent concentrations from Sites 5 and 16, and background concentrations. Hypothesis testing, however, indicates the concentration of barium in background ground-water samples is greater than in ground-water samples collected at Site 16.

Leeth, David C.



The Nearshore Canyon Experiment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Observations collected in Fall 2003 during the Nearshore Canyon Experiment (NCEX) will be used to test hypotheses about the effect of complex continental-shelf bathymetry on surface gravity waves and on wave-driven circulation. Refraction, diffraction, reflection, scattering, and trapping by abrupt shelf bathymetry can result in dramatic alongshore variations in wave height and direction. Onshore of the irregular bathymetry, alongcoast changes in breaking waves can force complicated circulation, including alongshore flows that reverse direction across the surf zone and along the shoreline, and strong offshore-directed rip currents that may be an important mechanism for transport of water, sediment, and pollution between the surf zone and inner shelf. Observations for NCEX will be obtained along the southern California coast near two steep submarine canyons (separated alongshore by a few km) that cross the shelf from about 300-m water depth to just seaward of the surfzone near Black's Beach (famous for large waves) and La Jolla Shores (well known as a calm area with small waves). Frequency-directional spectra of incident waves estimated from observations offshore of the canyons will be used to initialize models that predict the effect of the canyons on infragravity waves, swell, sea, and wave-driven circulation. Model predictions will be tested with observations from alongshore arrays deployed near, between, and onshore (including the surf and swash zones) of the canyons. Arrays also will be deployed to investigate wave reflection and scattering from the steep canyon walls, and cross-shore changes in surf and swash zone circulation. Additional instrumentation will be used to study alongcoast changes in wave breaking and set-up, details of surface currents in the surf and swash, and breaking-induced turbulence and dissipation. The NCEX instrument arrays will be designed in collaboration with modelers, and near-real time data will be used to initialize and test model predictions. In addition, model forecasts will be used to guide placement of movable sensors, allowing predictions of nearshore waves and currents to be tested during the observational period. NCEX~team~members~are~listed~on Funding for NCEX is provided by the US Office of Naval Research and the National Science Foundation.

Elgar, S.



Approval of the Lemoore Center of the West Hills Community College District. A Report to the Governor and Legislature in Response to a Request from the Board of Governors to Recognize the Center as the Official Community College Center for the Lemoore/Hanford Area of Kings County.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Lemoore Center of the West Hills Community College District serves the Lemoore/Hanford area of Kings and Fresno Counties--an area lying within both the West Hills and the College of the Sequoias Community College Districts. Jurisdictional problems between the districts prompted the Board of Governors of the California Community Colleges to…

California State Postsecondary Education Commission, Sacramento.


California coast nearshore processes study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The author has identified the following significant results. Remote sensor aircraft flights took place simultaneously with ERTS-1 overpasses at the San Francisco, Monterey Bay, and Santa Barbara test cells. The cameras and scanners used were configured for detecting suspended sediment and for maximum water penetration. The Ektachrome/Wratten 12 photographs which were intentionally overexposed 1-1/2 stops were found to show the most extensive sediment transport detail. Minus blue/K 2 photographs illustrate nearshore underwater bottom detail including the head of the Mugu submarine canyon. The EMSIDE 9 channel scanner was employed to classify and differentiate suspended sediment, oil, kelp, and other materials found in the nearshore area. Processing of bulk ERTS-1 computer compatible tapes was utilized to enhance and analyze nearshore sediments. This technique was most successful in enhancing subtle nearshore features found to be faint or invisible on prints made from the supplied negatives. In addition to this continuing computer process, an effort was initiated to interface density values from the bulk tapes into contouring and mapping software.

Pirie, D. M. (principal investigator); Steller, D. D.




Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. FIRST FLOOR, FRONT ROOM (WHERE MARTIN LUTHER KING MADE PLANS FOR HIS MOVEMENT) - Penn School Historic District, Arnett House, SC Route 37, 1 mile South of Frogmore, St. Helena Island, Frogmore, Beaufort County, SC


3. Photocopy of drawing (from Moses King, Philadelphia and Notable ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. Photocopy of drawing (from Moses King, Philadelphia and Notable Philadelphians, 1902) MAIN BUILDING WITH ADDITION - New York Mutual Life Insurance Company Building, 1001-1005 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA


California coast nearshore processes study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The author has identified the following significant results. This report contains the techniques used for enhancing and analyzing nearshore processes from ERTS-1 and aircraft data. Four California nearshore sites are used as test cells including the San Francisco area, Monterey Bay, Santa Barbara Channel, and Los Angeles area. Techniques used for analyzing the test cells included direct photographic processing, computer compatible tape gain change enhancement, discrete point density analysis and plotting, and densitometer enhancement. Using these methods, it is possible to measure the seaward extent of the suspended sediment transport and to differentiate sediment levels within the individual sediment lobes. The movement of riverine discharged suspensates and coastal sediments by currents was an intricate part of the sediment transport analysis. The larger estuaries in the test cell areas were also studied for flushing characteristics.

Pirie, D. M.; Steller, D. D. (principal investigators)



Public health assessment for Wyckoff Company/Eagle Harbor, Eagle Harbor Operable Units, Bainbridge Island, King County, Washington, Region 10. Cerclis No. WAD009248295. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The Wyckoff/Eagle Harbor site is a National Priorities List (NPL) site located on the east side of Bainbridge Island, Kitsap County, Washington. The harbor has become contaminated with heavy metals, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from the many years of ship repair and painting as well as from the application of creosote, pentachlorophenol, and other wood preservatives to pilings. The Remedial Investigation and Feasibility Study (RI/FS) states that the major human health concern is consumption of clam meat contaminated with PAHs. The public health assessment has determined that exposure to contaminants found in Eagle Harbor sediments, shellfish, fish, and crab is a health hazard for those people who ignore warnings.

Not Available



Nearshore Fish Atlas of Alaska INTRODUCTION  

E-print Network

(North Pacific Fishery Management Council 2002). Two types of submerged vegetation, eelgrass (Zostera of the shallow, nearshore environment. Nearshore habitats with and without submerged vegetation provide food and inlets with freshwater influence. Relative to MLLW, eelgrass occupies areas of the lower intertidal


Dr. Martin Luther King  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Dr. Martin Luther King shared his insight, goals, and knowledge with the American people. Use this information to learn more about him as we honor Dr. Martin Luther King and the dreams he had for achieving equality for all Americans. Hello 4D! Celebrate Dr. Martin Luther King Day by learning more about him and what he did to help Americans achieve their goals. As you do your work and review the documents and answer this question- How did Dr. Martin Luther King change society? Please complete Steps 1 and 2. Step 1 1. ...

Mrs. Flagg



Remote sensing of the nearshore.  


The shallow waters of the nearshore ocean are popular, dynamic, and often hostile. Prediction in this domain is usually limited less by our understanding of the physics or by the power of our models than by the availability of input data, such as bathymetry and wave conditions. It is a challenge for traditional in situ instruments to provide these inputs with the appropriate temporal or spatial density or at reasonable logistical or financial costs. Remote sensing provides an attractive alternative. We discuss the range of different sensors that are available and the differing physical manifestations of their interactions with the ocean surface. We then present existing algorithms by which the most important geophysical variables can be estimated from remote sensing measurements. Future directions and opportunities will depend on expected developments in sensors and platforms and on improving processing algorithms, including data assimilation formalisms. PMID:22809186

Holman, Rob; Haller, Merrick C



The King and I  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This year marks the 40th anniversary of the first Coretta Scott King Book Award, which encourages "the artistic expression of the black experience via literature and the graphic arts." The award, which began honoring illustrators in 1974, added the John Steptoe Award for New Talent in 1995. No doubt, past King award winners like Sharon Flake,…

Gallagher, Mary Grace



King's Last March  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Martin Luther King Jr.'s last year of life was complex, and prior to his assassination he was involved in a number of ambitious projects. This compelling and thoughtful documentary produced by Kate Ellis and Stephen Smith of American RadioWorks (in cooperation with the Martin Luther King Jr. Research and Education Institute at Stanford University) closely examines this period of King's life. The documentary is divided into five parts, which include "Beyond Vietnam", "King's Last March", "The FBI's War on King", and "From the Pulpit to the Heart". Interested parties can download the entire radio documentary, listen online, or read the transcript. Overall, it's a rather fine piece of documentary work, and visitors with an interest in this pivotal 20th century leader will want to pass this site along to friends.



Rethinking Exotic Plants: Using Citizen Observations in a Restoration Proposal for Kings Bay, Florida  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Kings Bay, Crystal River complex, located in Citrus County, Florida, is one of the world's largest spring-fed ecosystems and a critical warm-water refuge for endangered Florida manatees. Unfortunately, large areas of Kings Bay are currently in a state of ecological degradation characterized by smothering mats of the filamentous cyanobacterium Lyngbya wollei. The causes of this ecosystem shift are not

Jason M. Evans; Ann C. Wilkie; Jeffrey Burkhardt; Richard P. Haynes



AirMSPI King's County Hanford, CA  

Atmospheric Science Data Center

... white buildings in the center left; and the Del Monte Foods plant near the bottom left, which has solar panels on the roof of the northern ... such ponds are shallow and oxygenated, they serve as good breeding grounds for algae that make the surface green.  The water surface ...



76 FR 23335 - Wilderness Stewardship Plan/Environmental Impact Statement, Sequoia and Kings Canyon National...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR National Park Service [NPS-PWR-PWRO-01-20-6605...Statement, Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks, Tulare and Fresno Counties, CA AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior....



The William King Server  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Named in honor of the Reverend William King, Roger A. McCain, Drexel University, aims to promote a discussion of the ideal of a Cooperative Commonwealth at the William King Server site. McCain's views on capitalism, socialist economic systems, democracy, and game theory are provided in addition to background information on cooperative commonwealth. Instructional material (discussed in the September 25, 1997 Scout Report for Business & Economics), game theory examples, and working papers by Roger McCain are provided.

McCain, Roger A.


Perspective view of Post and King Saloon, 129 North E ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Perspective view of Post and King Saloon, 129 North E Street (corner of E and North 2nd Streets), view looking southwest - Lakeview Downtown Historic District, E, F & G Streets between Second Street North & First Street South, Lakeview, Lake County, OR


40. GARRET TRUSS DETAIL. The south queen post (called 'king ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

40. GARRET TRUSS DETAIL. The south queen post (called 'king post' in the 1755 account for scantling for the Greater Meeting House) of the third truss from the east end. Note the numerals for assembling the truss members and the plaster marks from the 1755 Monthly Meeting Room. - Twelfth Street Meeting House, 20 South Twelfth Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA


Nearshore carbonate deposits in Lake Tanganyika  

Microsoft Academic Search

An exceptionally wide variety of carbonate fades, dominated by high-magnesian calcite, occurs along the littoral and shallow sublittoral zones (<50 m) of Lake Tanganyika in central Africa. These facies include exposed and submerged, calcite-cemented ridges of nearshore terrigenous sand, ooid sand shoals, and lithified oolite ridges, Chara meadows of bioturbated calcareous silts, gastropod shell blankets and related coquinas, and extensive

Andrew S. Cohen; Catherine Thouin




E-print Network

7 LAKE MICHIGAN'S TRIBUTARY AND NEARSHORE FISH HABITATS Edward S. Rutherford1 Background, physical, and biological integrity of waters within the Great Lakes basin (Bertram et al. 2005, the Lake Michigan LaMP was developed to comply with provisions in the GLWQA and to guide management


Lake Michigan Green Bay: Nearshore Variability  

EPA Science Inventory

We conducted a high-resolution survey in the nearshore of Lake Michigan?s Green Bay at a 15 meter contour using towed electronic instrumentation. The 365 km survey was conducted Aug 18-21, 2010. We also conducted four cross-contour tows. Along the survey tracks we sampled fixe...


Wave parameters in the nearshore: A clarification  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, the conventional techniques used to analyze free surface fluctuations induced by wave disturbance will be supplemented by two algorithms which are particular to the nearshore. The first consists in eliminating long waves, most of which are free, from the raw signal. The aim of the second is to eliminate high-frequency turbulent fluctuations which may significantly distort the

L. Hamm; C. Peronnard



The “King's Man”  

PubMed Central

The modern coroner is the heir of a long and honoured tradition with its roots in Anglo-Saxon England. The primary duty of the ancient “crowner” or “King's man” was to support the interests of the King of England by investigating violent deaths. The modern counterpart of this royal officer has a much broader range of duties in the interests of justice and the state. Not only do today's coroners act as “ombudsmen for the dead”, but they also are becoming increasingly involved in medico-legal investigations of service to the living. PMID:21263903

Markesteyn, Peter H.



About Kings Area Rural Transit The Kings County Area Public Transit Agency operates the Kings  

E-print Network

is the Agricultural Industries Transportation Services Program (AITS), which provides farm workers with safe, reliable of farm workers. Led by KART's Executive Director, Ron Hughes, the Agricultural Industries Transportation transportation to and from work. Operating across California's agricultural Central Valley, AITS provides more

Greenberg, Albert


Dr. King's Dream. [Lesson Plan].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This lesson plan teaches students about the life and work of Martin Luther King, Jr. Students listen to a brief biography, view photographs of the March on Washington, hear a portion of King's "I Have a Dream" speech, and discuss what King's words mean to them. Finally, they will create picture books about their own dreams of freedom for Americans…

National Endowment for the Humanities (NFAH), Washington, DC.


Camp Pendleton Kings Canyon  

E-print Network

Camp Pendleton Marine Corps Base Kings Canyon National Park China Lake Naval Weapons Center Edwards-Borrego Desert State Park Sequoia National Forest Los Padres National Forest Angeles National Forest San Bernardino National Forest Cleveland National Forest Sierra National Forest Joshua Tree National Park Death


Microwave radar observations of nearshore ocean dynamics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The relationship between microwave imaging radar measurements of the nearshore ocean region and nearshore dynamics is studied. Normalized radar cross section and Doppler velocity are estimated from radar measurements of nearshore waves at near-grazing angles. Radar scattering is classified using joint histograms of radar cross section and Doppler velocities. Scattering in these distributions is investigated through comparisons with theoretical wave predictions, video particle image velocimetry (PIV), and in situ acoustic Doppler velocimeter (ADV) measurements. This analysis shows that shoaling and breaking waves measured through radar grating lobes significantly affect Doppler velocities near the edges of the images and also scattering from the back faces of waves. Doppler velocities from breaking waves are found to agree well with wave phase velocity predictions in the surf zone (the rms difference is 0.14 m/s), and large radar cross section features are correlated with breaking waves and the motion of surf-zone bores in video imagery. Differences in inter-bore velocities are expected, since the measurements are not collocated. However; Doppler inter-bore velocities are found to correlate well with fluid velocities (the correlation coefficient is 0.65), but are offset by around 0.8 m/s. This offset may be due to a combination of the Bragg wave phase velocities, radar sensitivity to short wavelength waves in the nearshore which is limited by the spatial resolution of the radar, and inherent biasing of Doppler velocities towards velocities of large NRCS scattering. In low-wind conditions, radar measurements of the nearshore show patches of increased backscatter. Animation of sequences of the images shows movement of these patches. A feature-tracking algorithm based on PIV is presented to quantify the velocities of the observed features. The nature of the patches is also investigated through comparison with video images. It is concluded that the patches of backscatter are due to low-grazing angle scattering from streaks of foam, however contributions from mechanically-generated surface roughness are not ruled out. Comparisons between surface velocities derived from the feature-tracking algorithm and subsurface velocities measured by in situ current meters show best agreement for sensors beyond the surf zone. It is concluded that the estimated velocity fields are related to nearshore flows such as wave-induced cell circulations and longshore currents.

Farquharson, Gordon



Nearshore phytoplankton of Hammond Bay, Lake Huron  

USGS Publications Warehouse

To predict the effects of increased nutrient loading on nearshore phytoplankton populations in northern Lake Huron, we collected phytoplankton from a small, nearshore water intake at Hammond Bay four times per week from August 1973 to July 1975. Phytoplankton density, taxonomic composition, and biomass in the nearshore waters followed predictable, seasonal fluctuations during each of two 12-month periods. The density of total phytoplankton was high (450600 cells/mL) in June and low (60 to 210 cells/mL) from January to April each year. The mean annual composition of the phytoplankton assemblage by number for the study period was 33% cryptomonads, 24% diatoms, 16% chrysophytes, 16% blue-green algae, and 10% green algae. Phytoplankton biomass was low through each year (range, 0.09 to 0.66 g/m3), resembling values previously reported from Lake Superior. Pennate diatoms contributed 60 to 80% of the total biomass from December to April and in July. Phytoflagellates consisting of chrysophytes and cryptomonads accounted for 35% of the biomass throughout the 2-year study.

Brown, Charles L.; Manny, Bruce A.



Yavapai County Maricopa County  

E-print Network

AZ 10 60 93 89 60 Alamo Lake 72 71 89 89 Yavapai County Maricopa County Yuma County Mohave County River National Wildlife Refuge Kofa National Wildlife Refuge State Line County Boundary Solar Energy Analyzed for Solar Development in PEIS (As of 6/5/2009) Surface Management Agency As of 3/26/2009 Tribal

Laughlin, Robert B.


Martin Luther King Scavenger Hunt  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On the third Monday in January, we celebrate Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.'s birthday. Scroll down to questions that will help you learn more about Dr. M. L. King. Follow the links in each section to find the answers. Open a word document, title it "MLK Scavenger Hunt," name and date in RH corner, and answer each question in a complete sentence. 1. Click on the link below to read letters from first graders to MLK. What does Noel, age 7, think Martin Luther King wanted? Letters to Martin Luther King, Jr. 2. Click on the timeline and write down what happened to Martin Luther King in 1935. Timeline 3. Get your earphones on! Click on this link to hear Dr. King's famous "I Have ...

Mrs. Devitry



An evaluation of effects of groundwater exchange on nearshore habitats and water quality of western Lake Erie  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Historically, the high potentiometric surface of groundwater in the Silurian/Devonian carbonate aquifer in Monroe County, MI resulted in discharge of highly mineralized, SO4-rich groundwater to the Lake Erie shoreline near both Erie State Game Area (ESGA) and Pointe Mouillee State Game Area (PMSGA). Recently, regional groundwater levels near PMSGA have been drawn down as much as 45 m below lake level in apparent response to quarry dewatering. From August to November of 2003, we conducted preliminary studies of groundwater flow dynamics and chemistry, shallow lake water chemistry, and fish and invertebrate communities at both sites. Consistent with regional observations, groundwater flow direction in the nearshore at ESGA was upward, or toward Lake Erie, and shallow nearshore groundwater chemistry was influenced by regional groundwater chemistry. In contrast, at PMSGA, the groundwater flow potential was downward and lake water, influenced by quarry discharge seeping downward into nearshore sediments, produced a different lake and shallow groundwater chemistry than at ESGA. Although the invertebrate and young fish community was similar at the two sites, taxonomic groups tolerant of degraded water quality were more prevalent at PMSGA. Sensitive taxa were more prevalent at ESGA. We propose a conceptual model, based on well-described models of groundwater/seawater interaction along coastal margins, to describe the interconnection among geologic, hydrologic, chemical, and biological processes in the different nearshore habitats of Lake Erie, and we identify processes that warrant further detailed study in the Great Lakes.

Haack, Sheridan K.; Neff, Brian P.; Rosenberry, Donald O.; Savino, Jacqueline F.; Lundstrom, Scott C.



Lake Michigan: Nearshore variability and a nearshore-offshore distinction in water quality  

EPA Science Inventory

We conducted a high-resolution survey of the Lake Michigan nearshore using towed electronic instrumentation and fixed station sampling (1049 km at the approximate 20-m depth contour and grab samples at 15 sites). The principal variability in the alongshore reach was generally re...



Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey



.. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in nearshore marine sediments of Australia*  

E-print Network

143 . .. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in nearshore marine sediments of Australia* W.A. Maher and J. Aislabiet Water Research Centre, University of Canberra, PO Box /, Belconnen,ACT 26/6, Australia aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in nearshore marine sediments of Australia isdiscussed. Available information

Canberra, University of


Lake Ontario: Nearshore Conditions and Variability in Water Quality Parameters  

EPA Science Inventory

Interest in recent years has increased regarding conditions in the nearshore of the Great Lakes. We conducted a high-resolution survey of the Lake Ontario nearshore along the 20 m contour using towed electronic instrumentation. The 720 km survey was conducted September 6-10, 20...


Modeling nearshore morphological evolution at seasonal scale  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A process-based model is compared with field measurements to test and improve our ability to predict nearshore morphological change at seasonal time scales. The field experiment, along the dissipative beaches adjacent to Grays Harbor, Washington USA, successfully captured the transition between the high-energy erosive conditions of winter and the low-energy beach-building conditions typical of summer. The experiment documented shoreline progradation on the order of 20 m and as much as 175 m of onshore bar migration. Significant alongshore variability was observed in the morphological response of the sandbars over a 4 km reach of coast. A detailed sensitivity analysis suggests that the model results are more sensitive to adjusting the sediment transport associated with asymmetric oscillatory wave motions than to adjusting the transport due to mean currents. Initial results suggest that alongshore variations in the initial bathymetry are partially responsible for the observed alongshore variable morphological response during the experiment. Copyright ASCE 2006.

Walstra, D.-J.R.; Ruggiero, P.; Lesser, G.; Gelfenbaum, G.




EPA Science Inventory

Due to the difficulty associated with sampling deep aquatic systems, food web relationships among deepwater fauna are often poorly known. We are characterizing nearshore versus offshore habitats in the Great Lakes and investigating food web linkages among profundal, pelagic, and ...


Biogeography of Nearshore Subtidal Invertebrates in the Gulf of Maine  

EPA Science Inventory

The biogeography of nearshore benthic invertebrates in the Gulf of Maine was studied to compare recent data with historical biogeographic studies, define physical-chemical factors affecting species distributions, and provide information needed to calibrate benthic indices of envi...



EPA Science Inventory

Limnological assessments, including water and sediment chemistry, bacterial densities, zoo- and phyto-plankton and benthic macroinvertebrate community structure, and fish contaminants, were performed at 24 locations in Michigan's nearshore waters of Lakes Superior and Huron in 19...


Lion King Surveys Homeland  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This image from the Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity's panoramic camera shows one octant of a larger panoramic image which has not yet been fully processed. The full panorama, dubbed 'Lion King' was obtained on sols 58 and 60 of the mission as the rover was perched at the lip of Eagle Crater, majestically looking down into its former home. It is the largest panorama yet obtained by either rover. The octant, which faces directly into the crater, shows features as small as a few millimeters across in the field near the rover arm, to features a few meters across or larger on the horizon.

The full panoramic image was taken in eight segments using six filters per segment, for a total of 558 images and more than 75 megabytes of data. This enhanced color composite was assembled from the infrared (750 nanometer), green (530 nanometer), and violet (430 nanometer) filters. Additional lower elevation tiers were added relative to other panoramas to ensure that the entire crater was covered in the mosaic.



A real-time nearshore wave and current prediction system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A nearshore wave, tide and current prediction system was demonstrated during the MREA04 Trial in the Portuguese coastal waters near Pinheiro da Cruz during the early spring of 2004. Daily forecasts of regional scale wave and tidal information and nearshore waves and currents were generated in DIOPS utilizing a suite of regional and nearshore models forced with data from meteorological and oceanographic production centers. A limited beach experiment was conducted with three Nortek current meters deployed in the surf zone and a video imagery system to generate 10-min time exposures used to identify the locations of wave breaking. In this study, Delft3D, a coastal hydrodynamic modeling system, capable of simulating hydrodynamic processes due to waves, tides, rivers, winds and coastal currents, is used to predict the nearshore wave and longshore currents near Pinheiro da Cruz. The nearshore bathymetry used in this study was based on LIDAR data collected in February 2000. Delft3D shows mixed results when compared with the measured wave height and nearshore currents. Improved Delft3D results can be achieved in the future if migrating sand bars can be measured and included in the modeling.

Allard, Richard; Dykes, James; Hsu, Y. L.; Kaihatu, James; Conley, Daniel


A spatial framework for representing nearshore ecosystems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The shallow, coastal regions of the world's oceans are highly productive ecosystems providing important habitat for commercial, forage, endangered, and iconic species. Given the diversity of ecosystem services produced or supported by this ecosystem, a better understanding of its structure and function is central to developing an ecosystem-based approach to management. However this region - termed the ‘white strip' by marine geologists because of the general lack of high-resolution bathymetric data - is dynamic, highly variable, and difficult to access making data collection challenging and expensive. Since substrate is a key indicator of habitat in this important ecosystem, our objective was to create a continuous substrate map from the best available bottom type data. Such data are critical to assessments of species distributions and anthropogenic risk. Using the Strait of Georgia in coastal British Columbia, Canada, as a case study, we demonstrate how such a map can be created from a diversity of sources. Our approach is simple, quantitative, and transparent making it amenable to iterative improvement as data quality and availability improve. We evaluated the ecological performance of our bottom patches using observed shellfish distributions. We found that observations of geoduck clam, an infaunal species, and red urchins, a species preferentially associated with hard bottom, were strongly and significantly associated with our soft and hard patches respectively. Our description of bottom patches also corresponded well with a more traditional, morphological classification of a portion of the study area. To provide subsequent analyses (such as habitat models) with some confidence in the defined bottom type values, we developed a corresponding confidence surface based on the agreement of, and distance between observations. Our continuous map of nearshore bottom patches thus provides a spatial framework to which other types of data, both abiotic (e.g., energy) and biotic, can be attached. As more data are associated with the bottom patches, we anticipate they will become increasingly useful for representing and developing species-habitat relationships, ultimately leading to a comprehensive representation of the nearshore ecosystem.

Gregr, Edward J.; Lessard, Joanne; Harper, John



Who is Martin Luther King Jr.  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Today you will use the links below to research Martin Luther King Jr. Synergize with your partners to discover more interesting facts about Dr. King! First, watch this video about Dr. King. BrainPOPJr.Martin Luther King Jr. Video Next, click on this biography link Who is Martin Luther King Jr.? to find even more information. Then, see if you can answer any questions you still have by using KidRex Last, watch this video and see if you can learn anything new BrainPOP Martin Luther King Jr. Video number 2 ...

Miss McGahey



Impacts of Cyclone Yasi on nearshore, terrigenous sediment-dominated reefs of the central Great Barrier Reef, Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Tropical Cyclone (TC) Yasi (Category 5) was a large (~ 700 km across) cyclone that crossed Australia's Queensland coast on the 3rd of February 2011. TC Yasi was one of the region's most powerful recorded cyclones, with winds gusting to 290 km/h and wave heights exceeding 7 m. Here we describe the impacts of TC Yasi on a number of nearshore, turbid-zone coral reefs, that include several in the immediate vicinity of the cyclone's landfall path (King Reef, Lugger Shoal and Dunk Island), as well as a more distally located reef (Paluma Shoals) ~ 150 km to the south in Halifax Bay. These reefs were the focus of recent (between 2006 and 2009) pre-Yasi studies into their geomorphology, sedimentology and community structure, and here we discuss data from a recent (August 2011) post-Yasi re-assessment. This provided a unique opportunity to identify and describe the impacts of an intense tropical cyclone on nearshore reefs, which are often assumed to be vulnerable to physical disturbance and reworking due to their poorly lithified framework. Observed impacts of TC Yasi were site specific and spatially highly heterogeneous, but appear to have been strongly influenced by the contemporary evolutionary stage and ecological make-up of the individual reefs, with site setting (i.e. exposure to prevailing wave action) apparently more important than proximity to the landfall path. The most significant ecological impacts occurred at King Reef (probably a result of freshwater bleaching) and at Paluma Shoals, where widespread physical destruction of branched Acropora occurred. New coral recruits are, however, common at all sites and colony re-growth clearly evident at King Reef. Only localised geomorphic change was evident, mainly in the form of coral fracturing, rubble deposition, and sediment movement, but again these impacts were highly site specific. The dominant impact at Paluma Shoals was localised storm ridge/shingle sheet deposition, at Lugger Shoal major offshore fine sediment flushing, and at Dunk Island major onshore coarse sand deposition. There was little geomorphic change evident at King Reef. Thus whilst small-scale and taxa specific impacts from Cyclone Yasi are clearly evident, geomorphological changes appear minor and ecological impacts highly variable between sites, and there is no observed evidence for major reef structural change. The study suggests that the vulnerability of reefs to major physical disturbance events can be extremely site specific and determined by interacting factors of location relative to storm path and pre-event geomorphology and ecology.

Perry, C. T.; Smithers, S. G.; Kench, P. S.; Pears, B.



Health assessment for Nearshore/Tideflats, Tacoma, Washington, Region 10. CERCLIS No. WAD980726368. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The Commencement Bay Nearshore/Tideflats project site is located in Pierce County, Washington and includes approximately 12 square miles of shallow water, shorelines, tideflats, and upland industrial/commercial sections in and around the City of Tacoma. Since the late 1800s, industrialization of the Commencement Bay area has resulted in many metals, such as lead and arsenic, and organic compounds, such as polychlorinated bipheny (PCBs) and polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon (PAHs), being released into the marine environment. The waterways and the shoreline are impacted by over 400 potential pollutant sources, including storm drains, pulp mills, chemical plants, and oil refineries. Levels of contaminants in bottom fish and shell fish pose a potential public health concern for those consuming local seafood. Levels of contaminants in sediment, surface water, soil, and air may also pose potential public health concerns for remedial workers and those individuals involved in recreational and commercial activities at the site.

Not Available



King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals  

E-print Network

King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals Summer Training Report 2010 Abdul-Aziz Al ...........................................................................................13 #12;2 1. Introduction King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals (KFUPM) give an opportunity

Al-Ghadhban, Samir



E-print Network

, Alaska ABSTRACT Runs of king salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) in Cook Inlet, Alaska, are de- clining for spawning. INTRODUCTION Historically, the king salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) is one of the most


Word Art with King's Words OurStory: Martin Luther King Jr. and Nonviolence  

E-print Network

Word Art with King's Words OurStory: Martin Luther King Jr. and Nonviolence Read the "Directions or more composition by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., identify meaningful words and phrases, and create word Read Martin's Big Words together. Martin's Big Words is a biography of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr

Mathis, Wayne N.


Views of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses views of Martin Luther King, Jr., including concepts of human rights, related counseling approaches, and ethics. Claims King's views provide helpful insights for counselors and clients. Concludes King invited individuals to view challenging life situations as moral opportunities. (Author/ABL)

Davis, Alan H.



Martin Luther King, Jr. Teacher's Resource Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Connecticut teachers' manual on Martin Luther King, Jr. includes: (1) teacher background information; (2) five excerpts from King's speeches; (3) four themes for lesson plans; and (4) sample lesson plans. The teacher's background information provides biographical sketches of King and his precursors. The five speeches reproduced here are "I've…

Connecticut State Dept. of Education, Hartford.


Books about Martin Luther King, Jr.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Briefly reviews three recent biographies of Martin Luther King, Jr. that also deal with the civil rights movement. Summarizes contents and identifies reading ability levels appropriate for elementary and junior high students. Recommends six additional King biographies for children. Also endorses two filmstrips on King and the movement. Gives full…

Woll, Christina B.



King's College London Mathematics School Application Form  

E-print Network

King's College London Mathematics School Application Form Please email your application form to: Or post it to: King's College London Mathematics School, Department of Mathematics, King's College London, Strand Campus, Strand, WC2R 2LS. You may alternatively apply on our website at www

Applebaum, David


"Shiva Natavaja, King of Dancers."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offers an art lesson designed to introduce junior high school students to a Shiva sculpture and to Hindu symbolism. The lesson is based on a full-color photograph of a 500 year-old bronze sculpture entitled Shiva Nataraja, King of Dancers. (BR)

Prabhu, Vas



King Edward Marie-Curie  

E-print Network

King Edward Copernicus Marie-Curie Mann Waller Louis-Pasteur Jean-Jacques-Lussier Thomas Celles Montpetit Fauteux Lamoureux Vanier Gendron D'lorio Marion MacDonald Louis-Pasteur Cube University Colonel By Louis-Pasteur 200 Lees Ave. Service des incendies d'Ottawa Réservé - Reserved Ottawa Fire

Petriu, Emil M.


Assessing the Impact of Groundwater Pollution from Marine Caves on Nearshore Seagrass Beds in Bermuda  

E-print Network

This investigation characterized karstic and nearshore environments of Bermuda to describe 1) behavior and periodicity of cave springs; 2) submarine spring water quality; and 3) nearshore marine seagrass density. Caves can be conduits...

Cate, Jenipher R.



California nearshore processes - ERTS 1. [coastal currents and sediments  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The detectability of many nearshore processes from ERTS is made possible due to the suspended sediment present in the coastal waters. From viewing and analyzing the California coastal imagery collected during the last year and a half, the overall current patterns and their changes have become evident. It is now possible to map monthly and seasonal changes that occur throughout the year. The original objectives of detecting currents, sediment transport, estuaries and river discharge have now been expanded to include the use of ERTS information in operational problems of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. This incorporates the detected nearshore features into planning and organizing shore protection facilities.

Steller, D. D.; Pirie, D. M.



Geological development of the Lonesome Dove II King Sand field  

SciTech Connect

In March of 1989, Marshall and Winston, Inc., drilled Petro-West Corporation's Brady Creek prospect, 5 mi southwest of Eden, Concho County, Texas, along the southern part of the eastern shelf of the Permian basin. The prospect was drilled on the basis of a subsurface, geological anomaly mapped on the lower King Sandstone. The anomaly was confirmed and enhanced by soil gas geochemistry. The McMurtrey No.1 well encountered 38 ft of sandstone, and has an estimated potential of 79 BOPD (pumping). The lower King Sandstone at Lonesome Dove II field is part of a larger northeast-southwest-trending Cisco depositional system. Data from subsequent drilling at Lonesome Dove II (including two conventional cores, samples, sidewall cores, dipmeters, and electric logs) indicates that the lower King Sandstone may have been deposited during a regressive cycles of fluvial-deltaic sedimentation. Characteristics of both fluvial point bar and distributary channel facies have been noted and the development of a distributary model of deposition led to the extension of the field beyond the limits of the original subsurface and geochemical picture. The presence of two or more separate channels or channel systems is indicated by isopach maps and by significant oil gravity, field pressure, and grain size differences. These channel systems may have been deposited on a relatively flat-lying deltaic plain as indicated by cross sections showing only slight channel downcutting.

Powers, D.H.; Watters, G. (Marshall and Winston, Inc., Midland, TX (United States))



Congratulations to Carey King  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

I first came across Carey King when, out of the blue, he invited me to a special session of the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (the largest and most prestigious US scientific meeting) where he was developing a special session on energy return on investment (EROI). At that meeting and since, I have found Carey to be a refreshing new colleague, extremely intelligent, very knowledgeable about many diverse aspects of energy and other things, able to take criticism and to dish it out, and very ambitious, which is mostly a good thing. He is becoming a leader in thinking about EROI and its implications, and I am delighted to see him honored by Environmental Research Letters. This is important because in the US, there is little insight about energy or, especially, its potential physical limitations except when gas prices increase. There is also little awareness of the very strong historical connection in both the US and the world between increased affluence and increased use of energy, especially petroleum. It is not understood by all that many of the economic problems we have now (such as the budgetary problems faced by most of our State governments, pension plans and universities) have substantial origin in the fact that oil and other energy production no longer increase reliably year after year, as they once did (Murphy and Hall 2011). Many economists have argued in the past that energy is not important because it constituted only 5 per cent or so of GDP, or because they believe that market forces and innovations will substitute for any shortage (e.g. Barnett and Morse 1963, Passell et al 1972, Solow 1974, Denison 1989). One problem with that view is that if you remove that five per cent the economy comes to a dead stop, as Cuba found out in 1989 when Russia removed its oil subsidy. Additionally if that five per cent goes up to 10 or 15 per cent, as it did in the early 1980s, and again in 2008, recession steps in (Murphy and Hall 2011). In fact, the US economy and our energy use increased almost lockstep from 1900 until 1984 (Cleveland et al 1984). The economy has grown more rapidly than energy use since 1984. Most economists think that this is due to our cleverness at increasing efficiency, but Robert Kaufmann (2004) and others find that instead most of the increase has been due to, essentially, the outsourcing of our heavy industry (think steel imported from Korea or Brazil, petroleum refined in Trinidad etc). An additional issue is that there is considerable evidence (e.g. Shadow Government Statistics) that the official US government inflation corrections have been deliberately underestimated since about 1985. If this is true then GDP growth has been exaggerated and there has been little or no increase in efficiency. Thus our gain in actual national energy efficiency is probably much less than most economists believe, and may be close to zero. Obviously some few of us think a great deal about energy, and for those who are willing to undertake some personal research (for example on the ASPO ( or The Oil Drum ( websites), there is much to be concerned about. First on the list of concerns is 'peak oil'; the concept that there comes a time over the life cycle of the extraction of a non-renewable resource when there will be maximum production. This concept, derived by geologist M K Hubbert in the 1950s, assumes that this peak will occur when roughly 50 per cent of the resource has been exploited. Hubbert famously predicted in 1955 that this would occur for the United States in 1970. Initially he was derided by most in the oil industry, but in fact peak oil for the US did occur in 1970, just as he had predicted. Oil production has declined essentially every year since then. 'Peak oil' has now occurred for something like three quarters of all oil producing nations, although not yet for most of the largest producers. Second on my list of energy concerns is declining EROI. EROI is a term I had developed in the early 1980s based on the net energy concepts of

Hall, Charles A. S.



Multiple Sand Bar Formation in the Nearshore Zone  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sand bars are prominent features on many beaches, and can represent a major source of morphologic change in the cross-shore profile. The breaking waves are concentrated at the bar crests, resulting in reduced energy in the landward zone. Bars respond to different wave energy conditions, slowly moving shoreward with low waves and rapidly moving offshore with higher waves. However the formation and evolution of bars on multiple barred beaches is poorly understood. The presentation will describe preliminary efforts to predict the location of sand bars in the cross-shore profile, to quantify the number of sand bars under different hydrodynamic conditions and to illustrate the capability to predict profile evolution. A wave height transformation model (Dally model), a sediment transport model and conservation model are applied. The two-dimensional wave height model establishes wave height across the nearshore zone due to wave shoaling and breaking, including wave setup and bottom stress. This model utilizes two threshold values to predict the breaking position and after breaking, in the deeper water of the bar trough, the position where the waves stabilize and start to shoal again (stability criterion). Both criteria depend on the local water depth. At present, the sediment transport model consists of three components. First, the moment of momentum due to breaking waves is transferred to the bottom as a seaward shear stress concentrated somewhat landward of the bar crest. Secondly, the onshore shear stress is due to the nonlinearity of the breaking waves. Finally, the onshore transport is magnified by the proximity of turbulence to the bottom in shallow water. This model is of the "open loop" type, thus there is no guarantee of convergence to a stable profile. The capability of the model to predict bar locations on an actual profile is illustrated as follows. A profile consisting of three bars is selected from Volusia County along the northeast Florida Atlantic coastline. In the first step, the inshore and middle bars were smoothed leaving only the outer bar. The model was applied with an offshore wave height of 1.5 m which shoaled to 2.1 m where it broke on the outer bar. It was determined that the breaking on the outer bar and reformation and breaking landward of the outer bar could predict the approximate location of the middle bar. The process is repeated, now inserting the actual middle bar to verify that the model can predict the approximate correct location of the inner bar. The results obtained from this simulation and other profiles with two and three bars from Volusia County, showed similar results and are promising for the application of this model to calculate the number of inner bars. A second illustration of the model is a comparison with data of profile evolution from large wave tank experiments. Comparison of predicted profiles by the model with the measured profiles will be presented for various times during the profile evolution.

Absalonsen, L.; Dean, R.



Watershed Influences on Nearshore Waters Across the Entire US Great Lakes Coastal Region  

EPA Science Inventory

We have combined three elements of observation to enable a comprehensive characterization of the Great Lakes nearshore that links nearshore conditions with their adjacent coastal watersheds. The three elements are: 1) a shore-parallel, high-resolution survey of the nearshore usin...



EPA Science Inventory

The overall objective of this project was to better understand the effects of chronic, low-level oil pollution on nearshore Alaskan marine organisms. The bivalve mollusc Macoma balthica accumulated hydrocarbons during 180 days of continuous exposure to Prudhoe Bay crude oil in fl...


Ecology of Lake Superior: Linking Landscape to Nearshore Condition  

EPA Science Inventory

High spatial variation is well known to exist in water quality parameters of the Great Lakes nearshore, however strong patterns for extended reaches are also observed and found to be robust across a seasonal time frame. Less is known about robustness of inter-annual variation wi...


Phytoplankton community composition in nearshore coastal waters of Louisiana  

EPA Science Inventory

Phytoplankton community compositions within near-shore coastal and estuarine waters of Louisiana were characterized by relative abundance, biovolume, and taxonomic identification to genus and species when possible. The range of total nitrogen was 0.5 to 1.3 mg L-1 and total phos...



EPA Science Inventory

An optimized version of a multilayer Hansen type Hydrodynamical-Numerical (HN) model is presented and discussed here as the basis for the following experimental extensions and enhancements developed to more appropriately handle near-shore processes: Non-linear term extension to f...


Nutrients and the Great Lakes Nearshore, Circa 2002-2007  

EPA Science Inventory

Nearshore nutrient impressions were largely limited to observations of local spatial trends from a few site-specific studies and some temporal trends at a set of Canadian water intake locations (later summarized in Nicholls et al. 1999). Lacking a systematic information base fo...


South Carolina Coastal Erosion Study Myrtle Beach Nearshore Experiment  

E-print Network

South Carolina Coastal Erosion Study Myrtle Beach Nearshore Experiment Dec. 10 to Dec. 15, 2003 Savannah Campus Savannah, Ga. Technical Report University of South Carolina CPSD Technical Report: CPSD/04 with the collection of offshore wave and current data as part of the U.S. Geological Survey South Carolina Coastal

Voulgaris, George


Ocean waves, nearshore ecology, and natural selection Mark W. Denny*  

E-print Network

-1 Ocean waves, nearshore ecology, and natural selection Mark W. Denny* Stanford University and Helmuth 2002). At high tide, ocean waves break on the shore, imposing large hydrodynamic forces, Intertidal communities, Lift, Wave theory Abstract Although they are subjected to one of the most stressful

Denny, Mark


The King of Crustaceans: Lobsters  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In the north Atlantic, the American Lobster is the undisputed king of crustaceans. It’s also a tremendously important commercial catch. While all the other fisheries are collapsing, why are lobsters resisting the trend? In this video, Jonathan goes out with a Maine lobsterman to learn why, and he dives down below to find the biggest lobsters he has ever seen. This segment won a New England Emmy Award! Please see the accompanying study guide for educational objectives and discussion points.



PECIAL REPORS T Public Health: Seattle and King County's  

E-print Network

relation ship between exercise and chronic diseas es such as diabetes, asthma, and obesity, building to pedestrian and vehicular accidents, and it also influences the pos sibility of exercise and healthy


78 FR 59414 - Environmental Impact Statement; King County, Washington  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...and (2) contribute revenue to the sustainable, long-term funding for timely completion...INFORMATION CONTACT: Lindsey Handel, Urban Transportation Engineer, Federal Highway...Assistance Program Number 20.205, Highway Planning and Construction. The regulations...



California coast nearshore processes study. [nearshore currents, sediment transport, estuaries, and river discharge  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The author has identified the following significant results. Large scale sediment plumes from intermittent streams and rivers form detectable seasonal patterns on ERTS-1 imagery. The ocean current systems, as plotted from three California coast ERTS mosaics, were identified. Offshore patterns of sediment in areas such as the Santa Barbara Channel are traceable. These patterns extend offshore to heretofore unanticipated ranges as shown on the ERTS-1 imagery. Flying spot scanner enhancements of NASA tapes resulted in details of subtle and often invisible (to the eye) nearshore features. The suspended sediments off San Francisco and in Monterey Bay are emphasized in detail. These are areas of extremely changeable offshore sediment transport patterns. Computer generated contouring of radiance levels resulted in maps that can be used in determining surface and nearsurface suspended sediment distribution. Tentative calibrations of ERTS-1 spectral brightness against sediment load have been made using shipboard measurements. Information from the combined enhancement and interpretation techniques is applicable to operational coastal engineering programs.

Pirie, D. M.; Steller, D. D. (principal investigators)



76 FR 73761 - Notice to Rescind the Notice of Intent to Develop the Environmental Impact Statement: Kings...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...This segment of the BQE extends from Atlantic Avenue to Sands Street and encompasses 21 structures including a unique 0...Brooklyn Queens Expressway in Kings County, New York, from Sands Street on the east to Atlantic Avenue on the west. The...



The Words of Martin Luther King, Jr.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Excerpts from speeches by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., are reprinted. Topics discussed include discrimination, the South, education, nonviolent resistance, poverty, economic opportunity, and world peace. (LH)

Today's Education, 1979



Rev. Bernice A. King Minister, Lawyer, Author, Civil Rights Activist, Daughter of Coretta Scott King and Dr. Martin Luther  

E-print Network

King and Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Lectured at Siena on January 24, 2002 "The Power of a Vision, the youngest daughter of Coretta Scott King and the late Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., is internationallyRev. Bernice A. King Minister, Lawyer, Author, Civil Rights Activist, Daughter of Coretta Scott


Becoming King: Martin Luther King Jr. and the Making of a National Leader  

Microsoft Academic Search

Without question, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. is the face of the civil rights revolution that reshaped the social and political landscape of the United States. Although many biographers and historians have examined Dr. King's activism, few have recognized the pivotal role that the people of Montgomery, Alabama, played in preparing him for leadership. King arrived in Montgomery as a

Troy Jackson



SCORE Science: Humboldt County Office of Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

SCORE, a cooperative project of the California County Superintendent's Educational Services Association, has made K-12 teacher and student resources in four major subject areas available at sites in Humboldt County (Science), San Diego County (Language Arts), Kings County (Mathematics), and San Bernardino and Butte Counties (Social Studies). While each site has its own personality and delivery style, they all make an attempt to break out teacher and/or student resources by grade level. In some cases (Science, Social Studies) this is done through a search interface. In others (Language Arts, Mathematics) it is done via a browsable interface. It is this categorization, plus the fact that resources are selected, evaluated, and annotated by teachers, that is the both the power and unifying theme of the sites. Depending on the site, assessment and teacher development sections may also be available.


76 FR 3819 - Martin Luther King, Jr., Federal Holiday, 2011  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...8624 of January 14, 2011 Martin Luther King, Jr., Federal Holiday, 2011...history. The Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. devoted his life to of justice.'' On Martin Luther King, Jr., Federal Holiday,...



Atlas of Historical County Boundaries  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

So you'd like to know the boundaries of Washington's King County in the early 20th century? Or perhaps you'd like to know more about the shape of Nassau County in New York back in the 19th century? The Atlas of Historical County Boundaries can provide you such details. The project is housed at the William M. Scholl Center for American History and Culture at The Newberry Library in Chicago and it was completed in 2010. The Atlas includes such features as all boundary changes in states and countries, non-county areas, separate map or polygon files for every different county configuration, and other helpful features. Users can get started by clicking on different states of interest and just exploring as they see fit. It's also useful to read over the Using the Atlas area for additional assistance. Finally, visitors can also look at the Publications section for more information on the source material for these county boundaries.


Dynamic ice-wallow relief of northern Alaska's nearshore.  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Contour maps with 0.5m depth interval were prepared for a small area seaward of Reindeer Island, a barrier island in the Beaufort Sea, Alaska, by repeated surveys with very accurate navigation and very close trackline spacing. The maps reveal numerous closed depressions and mounds, presumably related to grounded ice floes common in the area year round. These bedforms represent erosion and deposition caused by: a) intensified flow around stationary ice floes serving as obstacles and b) pulsating currents generated by vertical oscillations or rocking motions of grounded floes in a seaway. Because sediment transport occurs around the ice, not where it directly touches the sea floor, the depressions are much larger than the base of the acting floes. Ice-wallow bedforms, are characteristic of arctic nearshore regions with non-cohesive sediments. The bedforms studied here are highly active and must be considered in planning nearshore construction activities. -from Authors

Reimnitz, E.; Kempema, E.



Commencement Bay Nearshore/Tideflats Remedial Investigation. summary report  

SciTech Connect

The report summarizes work complete under the U.S. EPA/WDOE Cooperative Agreement for the Commencement Bay Nearshore/Tideflats Remedial Investigation of the Waterways/Shoreline area. The Commencement Bay Superfund Investigation includes various integrated program management and technical components. These include assessments of chemical contamination, biological effects, toxicity, and public health concerns; identification of sources; and identification of potential remedial actions and technologies.

Not Available



can I eat at King's Buildings?  

E-print Network

option and fast food counter including hot bagels, hot flatbread, and burgers. On the ground floor the food offering is for those looking for a more substantial meal than a snack. LOCATION 6 ­ KINGWhere can I eat at King's Buildings? #12;LOCATION 1 ­ KING'S BUILDINGS CENTRE Opening times: 7.30am

Edinburgh, University of


Elisabeth Sarah Francis Grieger King's College London  

E-print Network

Elisabeth Sarah Francis Grieger King's College London School of Natural & Mathematical Sciences The Strand London WC2R 2LS Phone: (0)20 7836 5454 Email: Homepage: Education 2011 - 2014 PhD Mathematics. 2010 - 2011 Graduate Diploma Mathematics, King's College London

Applebaum, David


21st Annual Martin Luther King Jr.  

E-print Network

King's 1963 March on Washington. King presented a vision of an America that lives up to its ideals, African American, Asian American, Arab American, Muslim, and Jewish people have risen steadily States history of discrimination against religious groups, racial and ethnic identities, and women dates

New Hampshire, University of


King and People in Provincial Massachusetts  

Microsoft Academic Search

The American revolutionaries themselves believed the change from monarchy to republic was the essence of the Revolution. King and People in Provincial Massachusetts explores what monarchy meant to Massachusetts under its second charter and why the momentous change to republican government came about. Richard L. Bushman argues that monarchy entailed more than having a king as head of state: it

Richard Bushman



Opportunity Captures 'Lion King' Panorama  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

[figure removed for brevity, see original site] Click on the image for Opportunity Captures 'Lion King' Panorama (QTVR)

This approximate true-color panorama, dubbed 'Lion King,' shows 'Eagle Crater' and the surrounding plains of Meridiani Planum. It was obtained by the Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity's panoramic camera on sols 58 and 60 using infrared (750-nanometer), green (530-nanometer) and blue (430-nanometer) filters.

This is the largest panorama obtained yet by either rover. It was taken in eight segments using six filters per segment, for a total of 558 images and more than 75 megabytes of data. Additional lower elevation tiers were added to ensure that the entire crater was covered in the mosaic.

This panorama depicts a story of exploration including the rover's lander, a thorough examination of the outcrop, a study of the soils at the near-side of the lander, a successful exit from Eagle Crater and finally the rover's next desination, the large crater dubbed 'Endurance'.



Nearshore internal bores and turbulent mixing in southern Monterey Bay  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We observed transient stratification and mixing events associated with nearshore internal bores in southern Monterey Bay using an array of instruments with high spatial and temporal resolution. The arrival of the bores is characterized by surging masses of dense (cold) water that tend to stratify the water column. The bore is followed by a gradual drop in the temperature throughout the water column over several hours (defined here as the bore period) until a sharp warm-front relaxation, followed by high frequency temperature fluctuations, returns the column back to nearly its original state (defined here as the mixing period). Mixing periods revealed increased temperature variance at high frequencies (? > N¯), as well as a greater percentage of events where dynamic instabilities may be present (Ri< 0.25), suggesting active mixing of the stratified water column. Turbulent dissipation rates in the stratified interior during the mixing period, estimated using the technique of isopycnal slope spectra, revealed mean values the same order of magnitude as near-bed bottom-generated turbulence. Observations indicate that local shear-produced turbulent kinetic energy by the warm front relaxations dominates mixing in the stratified interior. The non-canonical nature of these bore and relaxation events is also investigated with a numerical model, and the dynamics are shown to depend on the internal Iribarren number. Our results suggest that nearshore internal bores interacting with local bathymetry dramatically alter local dynamics and mixing in the nearshore with important ecological implications.

Walter, Ryan K.; Woodson, C. Brock; Arthur, Robert S.; Fringer, Oliver B.; Monismith, Stephen G.



Practical use of video imagery in nearshore oceanographic field studies  

USGS Publications Warehouse

An approach was developed for using video imagery to quantify, in terms of both spatial and temporal dimensions, a number of naturally occurring (nearshore) physical processes. The complete method is presented, including the derivation of the geometrical relationships relating image and ground coordinates, principles to be considered when working with video imagery and the two-step strategy for calibration of the camera model. The techniques are founded on the principles of photogrammetry, account for difficulties inherent in the use of video signals, and have been adapted to allow for flexibility of use in field studies. Examples from field experiments indicate that this approach is both accurate and applicable under the conditions typically experienced when sampling in coastal regions. Several applications of the camera model are discussed, including the measurement of nearshore fluid processes, sand bar length scales, foreshore topography, and drifter motions. Although we have applied this method to the measurement of nearshore processes and morphologic features, these same techniques are transferable to studies in other geophysical settings.

Holland, K.T.; Holman, R.A.; Lippmann, T.C.; Stanley, J.; Plant, N.



Martin Luther King Assassination Conspiracy Verdict  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Thirty-five years ago, on December 10, 1964, Dr. Martin Luther King Junior received the prestigious Nobel Peace Prize. This week, Dr. King has again been very much in the news. On December 9th, a Memphis jury handed down a verdict that the 1968 assassination of the civil rights leader was a conspiracy rather than the act of lone gunman James Earl Ray. The verdict was the conclusion of a wrongful death suit brought by King's family against businessman Lloyd Jowers, who admitted on network television in 1993 that he was given $100,000 to arrange King's murder. King's relatives have long argued that the crime was never fully examined by the courts, and brought the lawsuit in an attempt to learn the truth. The family accepted a token settlement of $100 in damages from Jowers.

Shapiro, Debra S.


Nearshore macrobenthos of northern Kotzebue Sound, Alaska, with reference to local sewage disposal  

Microsoft Academic Search

Macrobenthos of the shallow (<10 m) nearshore marine waters of northern Kotzebue Sound was examined in 2002–2004 to (1) determine\\u000a nearshore community structure and (2) assess the influence of sewage disposal. A variable number of benthic stations were\\u000a sampled during three summers, with extensive effort at the disposal zone in 2003. The benthic community structure is similar\\u000a to other nearshore Arctic

Stephen C. Jewett; Lisa M. Clough; Arny L. Blanchard; William G. Ambrose; Howard M. Feder; Max K. Hoberg; Alex V. Whiting



Growth and Mortality of King Mackerel Scomberomorus cavalla  

E-print Network

Growth and Mortality of King Mackerel Scomberomorus cavalla Tagged in the Southeastern United and Atlantic king mackerel groups. Table 1 Number of king mackerel Scomberomorus cavalla tag releases off Total 6416 2594 2674 809 Methods King mackerel captured by hook- and-line were marked with internal



E-print Network

1 SAN JOSÃ? STATE UNIVERSITY DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR. LIBRARY VISION-STRATEGY STATEMENT of the 21st century student in higher education. The Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Library (King Library of the transformational change. JOINT LIBRARY The Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Library is a joint university and public

Su, Xiao


Towards an Operational Nearshore Wave Data Assimilation System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For Navy operations, the model used for wave predictions in the nearshore is SWAN, which solves the spectral action balance equation to estimate the wave state. Boundary conditions for local (nearshore) model domains are generally obtained from regional model simulations that use either SWAN or WAVEWATCH III, which in turn gets boundary conditions from global simulations with WAVEWATCH III forced by the meteorological models. Inaccuracies in meteorological forcing and the coarse grid resolutions for the global model can lead to significant errors in SWAN's spectral estimates, particularly in shallow water. To improve the model's performance, especially for the small nearshore domains, we have developed a 4DVAR data assimilation system based on a tangent linear code and the corresponding adjoint from the numerical SWAN model. The system utilizes point measurements of 2D wave spectra, such as from a wave buoy, to improve the solution in the whole domain. Given a set of observations measured at different times and locations in the model domain, the assimilation system minimizes a cost function (representing overall error between the model and observations) and generates corrected boundary and initial conditions that optimize the fit of SWAN's output to the measurements. In addition to time dependence, the system accounts for nonlinear triad and quadruplet interactions, depth-limited breaking, wind forcing, bottom friction, and whitecapping as well as the influence of currents on waves. This presentation will review the current status of the system using simulations with data from Duck, North Carolina and the 2012 RIMPAC exercises held by the Commander, US Pacific Fleet in and around the Hawaiian Islands. Examples shown will include analysis of effects of using different background fields, and of assimilating different instruments simultaneously. Adjoint-generated sensitivity maps, which can be generated using the adjoint, will be used to demonstrate the optimal locations for deployment of instruments under varying wave conditions.

Veeramony, J.; Orzech, M.; Ngodock, H. E.; Flampouris, S.



KING'S COLLEGE LONDON MATHEMATICS SCHOOL -ADMISSIONS POLICY The King's College London Mathematics School is a new Academy for 16-19 year olds  

E-print Network

KING'S COLLEGE LONDON MATHEMATICS SCHOOL - ADMISSIONS POLICY OVERVIEW The King's College London careers where mathematical competence is of central importance. KEY PRINCIPLES The King's College London. The King's College London Mathematics School operates as its own admissions authority. Our admissions

Applebaum, David


A Transforming Response: Martin Luther King Jr.'s \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay examines the rhetorical situation of Martin Luther King Jr.’s “Letter from Birmingham Jail.” It argues that King’s “Letter” was an essential response for civil rights to continue as a mass movement in Birmingham and beyond. At a broader level, King’s “Letter” demonstrated the enactment of rhetorical transformation. By creative use of kairos and pathos the letter rebutted the

John H. Patton



A conversation with M King Hubbert  

SciTech Connect

The video presents Dr. M. King Hubbert, who is a scholar and federal authority on fuel and energy, explaining the limits of the fossil fuel supply and the impact of coming energy problems on health care institutions.




A conversation with M King Hubbert  

SciTech Connect

The video presents Dr. M. King Hubbert, who is a scholar and federal authority on fuel and energy, explaining the limits of the fossil fuel supply and the impact of coming energy problems on health care institutions.

Not Available



The Coretta Scott King Book Awards  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Coretta Scott King Book Award was founded in 1969 in honor of the late Mrs. Coretta Scott King, wife of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., for her passion and dedication to working for peace. The awards are given to â??outstanding African American authors and illustrators of books for children and young adults that demonstrate an appreciation of African American culture and universal human values.â? Created by the American Library Association, this page provides a variety of resources, including a section on the history of the award and a list of all past award winners. Another great facet of this page is the Coretta Scott King Book Awards Donation Grant. The goal of this program is to increase childrenâ??s access to books by building the libraries of nontraditional institutions that provide services to children. Within Resources and Bibliographies, a series of educational materials related to multicultural and diversity resources and collections are also available.


Age, Growth, and Reproduction of the King  

E-print Network

Affairs. P.O. Box 3 J60 Carenage Post Office. Trinidad. West Indies The king mackerel Scomberomorus of Maine to Rio de Janiero (Briggs 1958). It has also been reported throughout most of the West Indies


The Seattle Times: Martin Luther King Jr.  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Seattle Times commemorates the life and legacy of Martin Luther King, Jr. with a Web site including sections on the man, the movement, the legacy, and the holiday. Timed to coincide with the 10th anniversary of the national King holiday, the site also offers a photo tour of key events in the fight for civil rights, dialogue between students in Alabama and Washington states, a quiz study guide, and sound clips from his speeches.


Seasonal and spatial variation of nearshore hydrographic conditions in central Chile  

Microsoft Academic Search

Numerous oceanographic processes involved in the transport and survival of larval stages of marine organisms, as well as, in nutrient and phytoplankton delivery, occur in nearshore waters. Yet, while large-scale oceanographic patterns are relatively well known for central Chile, little information exists on temporal and spatial variation in the nearshore environment. In this study, we examined the inner shelf hydrography

Juan C. Castilla; Sergio A. Navarrete



E-print Network

ASIAN CLAM, A NEW NEARSHORE INVASIVE SPECIES IN LAKE TAHOE Nonnative introductions to Lake Tahoe the nearshore and the public. #12;Asian clam and Lake Tahoe In spring 2008 UC Davis researchers Scott Hackley and Brant Allen discovered extensive and often dense beds of an invasive bivalve, the Asian clam

Schladow, S. Geoffrey


Meaner king uses biased bases  

SciTech Connect

The mean king problem is a quantum mechanical retrodiction problem, in which Alice has to name the outcome of an ideal measurement made in one of several different orthonormal bases. Alice is allowed to prepare the state of the system and to do a final measurement, possibly including an entangled copy. However, Alice gains knowledge about which basis was measured only after she no longer has access to the quantum system or its copy. We give a necessary and sufficient condition on the bases, for Alice to have a strategy to solve this problem, without assuming that the bases are mutually unbiased. The condition requires the existence of an overall joint probability distribution for random variables, whose marginal pair distributions are fixed as the transition probability matrices of the given bases. In particular, in the qubit case the problem is decided by Bell's original three variable inequality. In the standard setting of mutually unbiased bases, when they do exist, Alice can always succeed. However, for randomly chosen bases her success probability rapidly goes to zero with increasing dimension.

Reimpell, Michael; Werner, Reinhard F. [Institut fuer Mathematische Physik, Technische Universitaet Braunschweig, Mendelssohnstrasse 3, D-38106 Braunschweig (Germany)



Caliphs & Kings -- Freer & Sackler Galleries  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Part of the continuing series of online exhibitions from the Smithsonian's Freer & Sackler Galleries, Caliphs & Kings provides a sample of the rich history of Islamic Spain, called al-Adalus, from the 8th to the 15th centuries. Online visitors can closely examine ten artworks selected from about ninety on display at the museum through October 2004. A featured work is a 10th century ivory pyxis, or cylindrical container, probably made as a special gift for the favorite concubine of the Umayyad caliph, that includes a poetic inscription in which the container speaks in the first person and describes its function as "a vessel for musk and camphor and ambergris." There are also examples of lusterware; textiles, both carpets and bed coverings; a walnut and ivory chest from Barcelona; an illuminated Hebrew bible from the second half of the 15th century; a gold coin for 50 excelentes issued in about 1497, and a map of the world drawn by Florentine cartographer Juan Vespucci, nephew of Amerigo Vespucci, in 1526 that shows Spain as a superpower at the center of all things.


Boussinesq Modeling of Nearshore Currents and Swash Motions at NCEX  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The field experiment SWASHX conducted at the Scripps Beach in 2000 has shown that there exist strong alongshore currents in the swash zone and further field measurements were carried out in the Nearshore Canyon Experiment (NCEX) in 2003. These datasets are useful for model development and verification. Although considerable effort has been devoted to the study of swash motions in the literature, phase resolving numerical models for the swash zone still needs further improvements. In particular, an accurate swash motion model is needed whenever we want to simulate, using a time dependent numerical model, both gravity waves and currents on the beach. Recent advances in Boussinesq modeling of surf zone hydrodynamics have offered a promising approach to the study of nearshore currents and swash motions observed during the NCEX. We investigate the swash motion in the presence of alongshore currents in the framework of Boussinesq type models. Two different approaches that resolve the shoreline movement have been implemented into the Boussinesq-type wave model. We test their performances in the presence of waves and currents under field conditions using the NCEX data and under idealized conditions using analytical solutions. Emphasis is given to the magnitude and structure of alongshore currents in the swash zone generated by obliquely incident waves. The study has been supported by the Office of Naval Research.

Briganti, R.; Chen, Q. J.



INTRODUCTION Nearshore placement of sand is becoming a more popular option in two related types of coastal  

E-print Network

INTRODUCTION Nearshore placement of sand is becoming a more popular option in two related types of coastal engineering projects: beach nourishment and inlet dredging. Placing the sand in the nearshore-water disposal with subsequent migration than for direct placement on the beach. Nearshore placement of sand

US Army Corps of Engineers


Martin Luther King Jr. Revisited: A Black Power Feminist Pays Homage to the King  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this part memoir–part historical reflection on the life of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., Gwendolyn Simmons recounts her association with Dr. King during the 1960s—the heyday of the civil rights and Black Power era—as a college student, field-secretary (organizer)-turned–Black Power revolutionary in the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)—the \\

Gwendolyn Zoharah Simmons



Mythopoeic Quest for the Racial Bridge: The Radiance of the King and Henderson the Rain King.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compares the treatment of race in two novels set in Africa with white protagonists, "The Radiance of the King" by Camara Laye and "Henderson the Rain King" by Saul Bellow. Argues that both novels, proceeding differently, create literary myths of racial harmony to replace undesirable, fallacious racist myths. (KH)

Balogun, F. Odun



Nearshore bars and the break-point hypothesis  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The set of hypotheses calling for bar formation at the break point was tested with field data. During two different experiments, waves were measured across the surf zone coincident with the development of a nearshore bar. We use a criterion, based on the wave height to depth ratio, to determine the offshore limit of the inner surf zone. During the first experiment, the bar became better developed and migrated offshore while remaining well within the inner surf zone. During the second experiment, the surf zone was narrower and we cannot rule out the possibility of break point processes contributing to bar development. We conclude that bars are not necessarily coupled with the break point and can become better developed and migrate offshore while being in the inner surf zone landward from initial wave breaking in the outer surf zone. ?? 1989.

Sallenger, A.H., Jr.; Howd, P.A.



Evolution of basic equations for nearshore wave field  

PubMed Central

In this paper, a systematic, overall view of theories for periodic waves of permanent form, such as Stokes and cnoidal waves, is described first with their validity ranges. To deal with random waves, a method for estimating directional spectra is given. Then, various wave equations are introduced according to the assumptions included in their derivations. The mild-slope equation is derived for combined refraction and diffraction of linear periodic waves. Various parabolic approximations and time-dependent forms are proposed to include randomness and nonlinearity of waves as well as to simplify numerical calculation. Boussinesq equations are the equations developed for calculating nonlinear wave transformations in shallow water. Nonlinear mild-slope equations are derived as a set of wave equations to predict transformation of nonlinear random waves in the nearshore region. Finally, wave equations are classified systematically for a clear theoretical understanding and appropriate selection for specific applications. PMID:23318680

ISOBE, Masahiko



Evaluation of nearshore wave models in steep reef environments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To provide coastal engineers and scientists with a quantitative evaluation of nearshore numerical wave models in reef environments, we review and compare three commonly used models with detailed laboratory observations. These models are the following: (1) SWASH (Simulating WAves till SHore) (Zijlema et al. 2011), a phase-resolving nonlinear shallow-water wave model with added nonhydrostatic terms; (2) SWAN (Simulating WAve Nearshore) (Booij et al. 1999), a phase-averaged spectral wave model; and (3) XBeach (Roelvink et al. 2009), a coupled phase-averaged spectral wave model (applied to modeling sea-swell waves) and a nonlinear shallow-water model (applied to modeling infragravity waves). A quantitative assessment was made of each model's ability to predict sea-swell (SS) wave height, infragravity (IG) wave height, wave spectra, and wave setup () at five locations across the laboratory fringing reef profile of Demirbilek et al. (2007). Simulations were performed with the "recommended" empirical coefficients as documented for each model, and then the key wave-breaking parameter for each model ( ? in SWASH and ? in both SWAN and XBeach) was optimized to most accurately reproduce the observations. SWASH, SWAN, and XBeach were found to be capable of predicting SS wave height variations across the steep fringing reef profile with reasonable accuracy using the default coefficients. Nevertheless, tuning of the key wave-breaking parameter improved the accuracy of each model's predictions. SWASH and XBeach were also able to predict IG wave height and spectral transformation. Although SWAN was capable of modeling the SS wave height, in its current form, it was not capable of modeling the spectral transformation into lower frequencies, as evident in the underprediction of the low-frequency waves.

Buckley, Mark; Lowe, Ryan; Hansen, Jeff



EDITORIAL: King of the elements? King of the elements?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Throughout the history of science, carbon-based research has played a defining role in the development of a range of fundamental and technological fields. It was used in Avagadro's definition of the mole in the early 18th century, it provides the 'backbone' of molecules in organic compounds, and in the environmental debate currently raging in the press and international government discussions, the 'carbon footprint' has become the metric of our species' impact on our planet. Also in nanotechnology, with the discovery of various wonder materials, carbon is once again asserting its claim as king of the elements. Until the 1980s the only known forms of carbon were diamond, graphite and amorphous carbon, as in soot or charcoal. In 1985 Robert Curl, Harold Kroto and Richard Smalley reported the existence of fullerenes, spherical structures comprising hexagonal carbon rings [1], work for which they won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1996 [2]. The discovery of fullerenes was followed in 1991 by Sumio Ijima with the discovery of rolled graphite sheets, the carbon nanotube [3]. The discovery of these novel carbon nanostructures inspired researchers in a range of fields, largely as a result of the extraordinary capacity for investigations of these structures to reveal ever more intriguing properties. One of the fascinating properties attributed to carbon nanotubes is their phenomenal strength, with a Young's modulus of single walled carbon nanotubes approaching a terapascal [4]. Ingenious methods of harnessing this strength have since been developed, including bucky paper, a term used to refer to a mat of randomly self-entangled carbon nanotubes. Steven Crannford and Markus Buehler have recently reported a novel computational technique for probing the mechanical properties of these structures and show that the Young's modulus of bucky paper can be tuned by manipulation of the carbon nanotube type and density [5]. The electrical properties of carbon nanotubes, which depend on the chirality or wrapping angle of the graphite sheet with respect to the tube axis [6], have captured the imagination of researchers working in nanoelectronics. Carbon nanotubes also revealed interesting thermal properties that could lend them to the next generation of nanoscale devices. In 2000, researchers at the California Institute of Technology published the results of molecular dynamics simulations of thermal conductivity in carbon nanotubes [7]. The thermal properties predicted from this work added further promise to the potential of carbon nanotubes in micro- and nanoelectromechanical devices. More recently, researchers from the University of Columbia have studied how to exploit the thermal properties of carbon nanotubes in nanofluids. They report enhancement of heat transfer properties of carbon-nanotube-based nanofluids using a plasma treatment to aid stable dispersion of the nanotubes in water [8]. Eric Pop in Illinois has reported on the role of electrical and thermal contact resistance in Joule breakdown of single-walled carbon nanotubes, including analysis of several published data sets [9]. The work finds universal scaling rules, whereby the breakdown scales linearly with length for carbon nanotubes above a certain length, below which the breakdown is entirely limited by contact resistance. In 2004 another form of carbon came to the fore when researchers at the University of Manchester and the Institute of Microelectronics Technology isolated a single plane of graphite, that is, graphene, using a kind of scotch tape [10]. As with other forms of carbon, investigation of graphene has also revealed fascinating properties that lend the material to a number of applications, such as sensing. The electronic properties of graphene are highly sensitive to the adsorption of molecules such as CO, NO, NO2 and NH3, and a collaboration of researchers from Lanzhou University in China and the University of Sheffield in the UK have further reported on how this sensitivity can be enhanced by two orders of magnitude when the graphene is doped with an impurity s

Demming, Anna



King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals Electrical Engineering Department  

E-print Network

King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals Electrical Engineering Department EE399 Summer Tra Advisor Examiner King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals Electrical Engineering Department EE399-Shafie ID: 200669580 King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals #12;2 · TAPLE OF CONNTENT - Introduction

Al-Ghadhban, Samir



E-print Network

AGE, GROWTH, AND MORTALITY OF KING MACKEREL, SCOMBEROMORUS CAVALLA, FROM THE SOUTHEASTERN UNITED. growth, and mortality of king mackerel. Scombernmorllscamlla, from the southeastern United States were from 0.32 to 0.42, The length-weight relations of king mackerel were for males: W = 0,8064 X 10""/}9m


Introduction King penguins perform extended foraging dive bouts, with  

E-print Network

3344 Introduction King penguins perform extended foraging dive bouts, with long (5·min) and deep aerobically (Froget et al., 2004). In the king penguin, a surface interval exceeding 15·min has been is why do king penguins stop foraging, sometimes for hours, during a period when food may be readily

Fahlman, Andreas


San Jos State University Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Library  

E-print Network

José State University Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Library University Library Program Review June 2009; Purpose of the library program review The SJSU King Library which opened in 2003 as an innovative University, comprised the external review team. An onsite visit was made to the King Library on May 4 and 5

Su, Xiao


The Political Philosophy of Martin Luther King, Jr.  

E-print Network

The Political Philosophy of Martin Luther King, Jr. African American Studies 124, Summer Session Description The life of Martin Luther King, Jr., provides a rare opportunity to understand the crucial issues.)., The Autobiography of Martin Luther King, Jr. New York Intellectual Properties Management in association with Warner

Doudna, Jennifer A.


University of south Carolina Martin Luther King, Jr., Day  

E-print Network

University of south Carolina Martin Luther King, Jr., Day Celebration History The commemoration of the life and legacy of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., has a rich history at the University of South Carolina. The Martin Luther King, Jr., Holiday Committee is pleased that these activities have evolved

Almor, Amit


The Newest Monument: The Martin Luther King, Jr. National Memorial  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article features the newest monument, the Martin Luther King, Jr. National Memorial. The memorial on the National Mall in Washington, D.C., honoring Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. will be an engaging landscape experience to convey four fundamental and recurring themes throughout Dr. King's life--democracy, justice, hope, and love. Natural…

Social Studies and the Young Learner, 2011



Honoring Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Upcoming events  

E-print Network

Honoring Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Upcoming events News You Can Use A publication of OSU the legacy of Dr. King by coordinating events to edu- cate and bring people together for fellowship. Some in honor of Dr. King, please visit OSU's MLK week information page: http

Escher, Christine


Charles Bolden, NASA Administrator Martin Luther King, Jr. Commemorative Service  

E-print Network

1 Charles Bolden, NASA Administrator The 44th Martin Luther King, Jr. Commemorative Service Ebenezer Baptist Church Atlanta, GA January 16, 2012 Rev. Warnock, Dr. Christine Farris, Dr. Bernice King, members of the King family and distinguished guests...Thank you for the honor of being in this hallowed

Waliser, Duane E.



E-print Network

NOAA Technical Memorandum ERL GLERL-69 NEARSHORE GREAT LAKES ICE STATISTICS S. J. Bolsenga G. M or advertising purposes of information from this publication concerning proprietary products or the tests


Moderate-Resolution Sea Surface Temperature Data for the Nearshore North Pacific  

EPA Science Inventory

Coastal sea surface temperature (SST) is an important environmental characteristic defining habitat suitability for nearshore marine and estuarine organisms. The purpose of this publication is to provide access to an easy-to-use coastal SST dataset for ecologists, biogeographers...


Coastal Zone Management Section 309 Grant: 2001 Nearshore Rocky Reef Assessment  

E-print Network

Coastal Zone Management Section 309 Grant: 2001 Nearshore Rocky Reef Assessment ROV Survey Final ........................................................................................................... 18 List of Figures 1.1.1 2001 ROV survey sites. ..............................................................................................2 2.3.1 A simplified illustration of our ROV configuration

Goldfinger, Chris


Spatial Patterns of Subtidal Benthic Invertebrates and Environmental Factors in the Nearshore Gulf of Maine  

EPA Science Inventory

The spatial patterns of subtidal benthic invertebrates and physical-chemical variables in the nearshore Gulf of Maine (Acadian Biogeographic Province) were studied to provide information needed to calibrate benthic indices of environmental condition, determine physical-chemical f...


50 CFR 697.26 - EEZ Nearshore Management Area 5 Trap Waiver.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...4(a)(1) and limited access black sea bass permits under § 648.4...section may engage in trap fishing for black sea bass in EEZ Nearshore Management...regulations applicable to lobster and black sea bass fishing. (1) A...



Tribute to Julie Taymor's Lion King Costumes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Julie Taymor's costumes and masks for the stage version of "The Lion King" were stunning in the way they combined the dual images of human and animal forms. Taymor visually incorporated the human form of a dancer into the simplified form of the animal character so both are equally visible. This visible duality of human form and animal…

Carter, Mary C.; Beaty, Ben



King cobra genome supporting information SUPPORTING INFORMATION  

E-print Network

blood was washed with physiological salt and fixed in cold ethanol. Prior to analysis, the cells were ethical approval. Genome sequencing was undertaken on a blood sample obtained from an adult, captive, male king cobra that originated from Bali, Indonesia. Blood was obtained by caudal puncture and frozen

Castoe, Todd A.


Your Guide to King Albert Hall  

E-print Network

with a shower. Carbon Monoxide detectors Each unit of King Albert has a carbon monoxide detector because each unit has a gas oven and stove top. There is one carbon monoxide detector in each apartment, generally near the kitchen. If the alarm goes off, leave the apartment and contact Housing immediately. Do

Latiolais, M. Paul


Colorectal carcinoma that afflicted King Jehoram.  


This research uses the tools of modern medical science to examine the ancient descriptions of the symptoms suffered by King Jehoram who was affected by some disease. The Biblical texts were examined, and passages relating to the disease that afflicted King Jehoram, who ruled in Jerusalem 843-851 B.C., were closely studied. We have not included any commentaries, but referred only to the words of the Bible exactly as written. The Passages ''...the Lord smote him in his bowels with an incurable disease in the process of time, after the end of two years, his bowels fell out by reason of his sickness: so he died of sore diseases'' indicate that the King suffered from some kind of disease which affected his bowels. Among the various diseases which may be associated with prolapse of the bowel, colorectal carcinoma is the most acceptable. It seems that the colorectal carcinoma was poorly differentiated, invaded perirectal adipose tissue, blood vessels, and/or lymphatic vessels, and/or perineural areas, was lymph node positive and reached the 4th stage with the spread of metastases to the distal organs. Viewed by a modern physician, the story of King Jehoram unfolds as possibly the earliest description of a patient afflicted by colorectal carcinoma. PMID:15785440

Liubov Louba, Ben-Noun



Evidence for distinct stocks of king mackerel,  

E-print Network

. Johnson William A. Fable Jr. Churchill B. Grimes Lee Trent Southeast Fisheries Science Center National) to 6,133 t (Collins and Trent, 19821). Because king mackerel are pres- ently managed in the southeastern U.S. (represented by more than eight states and two regional fish- ery management council jurisdic


"King Corn": Teaching the Food Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"King Corn" is in so many ways the story of how government food policy has entirely remade the food landscape in the United States over the last 40 years. From the massive expansion of the number of acres of corn grown across the country, to the ever-increasing ways that corn is incorporated into the food production process, to the industrial…

Swinehart, Tim



King Oedipus and the Problem Solving Process.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An analysis of the problem solving process reveals at least three options: (1) finding the cause, (2) solving the problem, and (3) anticipating potential problems. These methods may be illustrated by examining "Oedipus Tyrannus," a play in which a king attempts to deal with a problem that appears to be beyond his ability to solve, and applying…

Borchardt, Donald A.


Fulfillment Hermeneutics in the Books of Kings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The concern for the realization of a prophetic announcement in the books of Kings is evident from the frequent fulfillment claims. Fulfillment details are often included in the formulaic notice to highlight its miraculous nature. However, as one correlates the prediction with the fulfillment details, there are noticeable discrepancies. This study…

Pang, Philip K.



Nearshore physical processes and bio-optical properties in the New York Bight  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Temporal and spatial variability of physical, biological, and optical properties on scales of minutes to months and meters to ˜50 km are examined using an extensive data set collected on the New York Bight continental shelf during the Hyperspectral Coastal Ocean Dynamics Experiment. Measurements from a midshelf mooring and bottom tripod (˜25 km offshore, 24 m water depth) and two nearshore profiling nodes (˜5 km offshore, 15 m water depth) are utilized to quantify and correlate midshelf and nearshore variability. Towed shipboard undulating profilers and a high-frequency radar (CODAR) array provide complementary spatial data. We show that phytoplankton and dissolved matter each accounted for roughly 50% of total absorption (440 nm) at midshelf. In contrast, particulate compared to gelbstoff absorption dominated total absorption at the nearshore location. A relatively high-salinity, low-temperature, low particulate coastal jet decreased turbidity nearshore and advected lower-salinity, higher-chlorophyll waters to the midshelf region, resulting in increased biomass at midshelf. Small-scale (order of a few kilometers) convergence and divergence zones formed from the interaction of semidiurnal tides with mean currents and a water mass/turbidity front. The front resulted in increased decorrelation scales from nearshore (˜1 day) toward midshelf (2-3 days) for optical and biological parameters. We conclude that optical and biological variability and distributions at midshelf and nearshore locations were influenced mainly by semidiurnal tides and the coastal jet. We present insights into nearshore coastal processes and their effects on biology and optics as well as for the design of future nearshore interdisciplinary coastal programs.

Chang, G. C.; Dickey, T. D.; Schofield, O. M.; Weidemann, A. D.; Boss, E.; Pegau, W. S.; Moline, M. A.; Glenn, S. M.




Microsoft Academic Search

Martin Luther King, Jr., has often been called a prophet or prophetic by theologians and popular writers. The purpose of this dissertation is to test the theological interpretation of Dr. King as prophetic. The role and theology of the classical Hebrew prophets are the norm by which the work of Dr. King is evaluated. The dissertation is a theological experiment.




King Air flight RICO 20050124 page 1 King Air N2UW flight report for January 24, 2005  

E-print Network

King Air flight ­ RICO ­ 20050124 page 1 King Air N2UW flight report for January 24, 2005 Crew, gradually reorienting as the center of apparent rotation moved toward the SE. Flight narrative: King Air flight started at 8 am local, 2 hours after C130 and 2 ahead of 146. On the 9:30 Z zebra image from SPol

Vali, Gabor


Larval fish variability in response to oceanographic features in a nearshore nursery area.  


The influence of oceanographic features on ichthyoplankton assemblages in the warm temperate nearshore region of Algoa Bay, South Africa, was assessed. The nearshore ichthyoplankton comprised 88 taxa from 34 families. Samples were collected at six stations between August 2010 and July 2012 using a plankton ring net of 750 mm diameter and 500 µm mesh aperture. The majority of larvae collected were in a preflexion stage, indicating the potential importance of the nearshore for newly hatched larvae. Engraulidae dominated the catch (38·4%), followed by Cynoglossidae (28·1%) and Sparidae (8·4%). Larval fish abundance was highest during austral spring and summer (September to February). Unique patterns in responses of each dominant fish species to oceanographic features in the nearshore indicate the sensitivity of the early developmental stage to environmental variables. Using generalized linear models, ichthyoplankton abundance responded positively to upwelling and when warm water plumes originating from an Agulhas Current meander entered Algoa Bay. Highest abundances of Engraulis encrasicolus and Sardinops sagax were observed during Agulhas Plume intrusions into Algoa Bay. When a mixed and stratified water column persisted in the nearshore region of Algoa Bay, larval fish abundance decreased. The nearshore region of Algoa Bay appears to serve as a favourable environment for the accumulation of ichthyoplankton. PMID:25082168

Pattrick, P; Strydom, N A



Phytoplankton community composition in nearshore coastal waters of Louisiana.  


Phytoplankton community compositions within near-shore coastal and estuarine waters of Louisiana were characterized by group diversity, evenness, relative abundance and biovolume. Sixty-six taxa were identified in addition to eight potentially harmful algal genera including Gymnodinium sp. Phytoplankton group diversity was lowest at Vermillion Bay in February 2008, but otherwise ranged between 2.16 and 3.40. Phytoplankton evenness was also lowest at Vermillion Bay in February 2008, but otherwise ranged between 0.54 and 0.77. Dissolved oxygen increased with increased biovolume (R² = 0.85, p < 0.001) and biovolume decreased with increased light attenuation (R² = 0.34, p = 0.007), which supported the importance of light in regulating oxygen dynamics. Diatoms were dominant in relative abundance and biovolume at almost all stations and all cruises. Brunt-Väisälä frequency was used as a measure of water column stratification and was negatively correlated (p = 0.02) to diatom relative percent total abundance. PMID:22498318

Schaeffer, Blake A; Kurtz, Janis C; Hein, Michael K



Nearshore energy subsidies support Lake Michigan fishes and invertebrates following major changes in food web structure.  


Aquatic food webs that incorporate multiple energy channels (e.g., nearshore benthic and pelagic) with varying productivity and turnover rates convey stability to biological communities by providing independent energy sources. Within the Lake Michigan food web, invasive dreissenid mussels have caused rapid changes to food web structure and potentially altered the channels through which consumers acquire energy. We used stable C and N isotopes to determine how Lake Michigan food web structure has changed in the past decade, coincident with the expansion of dreissenid mussels, decreased pelagic phytoplankton production, and increased nearshore benthic algal production. Fish and invertebrate samples collected from sites around Lake Michigan were analyzed to determine taxa-specific 13C:12C (delta13C) and 15N:14N (delta15N) ratios. Sampling took place during two distinct periods, 2002-2003 and 2010-2012, that spanned the period of dreissenid expansion, and included nearshore, pelagic and profundal fish and invertebrate taxa. The magnitude and direction of the delta13C shift indicated significantly greater reliance upon nearshore benthic energy sources among nearly all fish taxa as well as profundal invertebrates following dreissenid expansion. Although the mechanisms underlying this delta13C shift likely varied among species, possible causes include the transport of benthic algal production to offshore waters and increased feeding on nearshore prey items by pelagic and profundal species. delta15N shifts were more variable and of smaller magnitude across taxa, although declines in delta15N among some pelagic fishes suggest a shift to alternative prey resources. Lake Michigan fishes and invertebrates appear to have responded to dreissenid-induced changes in nutrient and energy pathways by switching from pelagic to alternative nearshore energy subsidies. Although large shifts in energy allocation (i.e., pelagic to nearshore benthic) resulting from invasive species appear to affect total production at upper trophic levels, changes in trophic structure and utilization of novel energy pathways may help to stabilize food webs following species invasions. PMID:25000756

Turschak, Benjamin A; Bunnell, David; Czesny, Sergiusz; Höök, Tomas O; Janssen, John; Warner, David; Bootsma, Harvey A



Psychological aftermath of the King's Cross fire.  

PubMed Central

The King's Cross fire occurred at the end of the evening rush hour, on 18 November 1987. King's Cross station is within the department's health district and we felt a responsibility to respond to the psychological aftermath. The unique features of our intervention were the degree of inter agency coordination, the use of a systematic outreach and screening programme, the collection of psychotherapy outcome measures and the development of an ongoing clinic. The work represents a sustained attempt to assess the nature and prevalence of post-traumatic reactions and the most medically and economically effective form of intervention. In this paper we describe the way our team responded to the high level of psychological distress that we found, we present some preliminary results, outline two therapeutic trials, and refer to the longterm consequences for the work of our department. PMID:1994013

Rosser, R; Dewar, S; Thompson, J



Drag kings in the new wave: gender performance and participation.  


In an examination of Midwestern drag king performers and communities that have emerged since the study by Volcano and Halberstam of king cultures in London, New York, and San Francisco, this article considers traditional and alternative ways of "doing drag," both performative and participatory, as a means of interrogating the proximity of a "new wave" of king culture to academic theory. Tracing the evolution of drag king performance in the Twin Cities from the 1996 workshop by Diane Torr to the formation of two distinct king troupes in the late 1990s demonstrates a particular trajectory in kinging that reflects a new consciousness and enactment of gender theory through artistic praxis. Participation plays a key role in breaking down the distance between spectator and performer in venues such as the First International Drag King Extravaganza in Columbus, Ohio, and Melinda Hubman's art installation "Performing Masculinities: Take a Chance on Gender" in Minneapolis. By engaging the "audience" in drag, the Extravaganza "Science Fair" successfully referenced drag kings' shared history with early American freak shows in a clever and critical way. Moving beyond the contest framework of early king shows, new drag king troupes like Minneapolis' Dykes Do Drag are "mixing it up" in an attempt to complicate notions of butch/femme gender roles, sexuality, and drag stereotypes. PMID:12769278

Surkan, Kim



Is the Information Security King Naked?  

Microsoft Academic Search

As children we probably all often listened to the fable of the king who rode nakedly through the street thinking he wore a\\u000a beautiful new coat created for him by his (rogue) tailor. Nobody wanted to tell him that he was naked, because they all feared\\u000a him – until a small boy revealed the truth.\\u000a \\u000a This paper asks whether the

Basie Von Solms



Stick balancing, falls and Dragon-Kings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The extent to which the occurrence of falls, the dominant feature of human attempts to balance a stick at their fingertip, can be predicted is examined in the context of the "Dragon-King" hypothesis. For skilled stick balancers, fluctuations in the controlled variable, namely the vertical displacement angle ?, exhibit power law behaviors. When stick balancing is made less stable by either decreasing the length of the stick or by requiring the subject to balance the stick on the surface of a table tennis racket, systematic departures from the power law behaviors are observed in the range of large ?. This observation raises the possibility that the presence of departures from the power law in the large length scale region, possibly Dragon-Kings, may identify situations in which the occurrence of a fall is more imminent. However, whether or not Dragon-Kings are observed, there is a Weibull-type survival function for stick falling. The possibility that increased risk of falling can, at least to some extent, be predicted from fluctuations in the controlled variable before the event occurs has important implications for the development of preventative strategies for the management of phenomena ranging from earthquakes to epileptic seizures to falls in the elderly.

Cabrera, J. L.; Milton, J. G.



cBathy: A robust algorithm for estimating nearshore bathymetry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A three-part algorithm is described and tested to provide robust bathymetry maps based solely on long time series observations of surface wave motions. The first phase consists of frequency-dependent characterization of the wave field in which dominant frequencies are estimated by Fourier transform while corresponding wave numbers are derived from spatial gradients in cross-spectral phase over analysis tiles that can be small, allowing high-spatial resolution. Coherent spatial structures at each frequency are extracted by frequency-dependent empirical orthogonal function (EOF). In phase two, depths are found that best fit weighted sets of frequency-wave number pairs. These are subsequently smoothed in time in phase 3 using a Kalman filter that fills gaps in coverage and objectively averages new estimates of variable quality with prior estimates. Objective confidence intervals are returned. Tests at Duck, NC, using 16 surveys collected over 2 years showed a bias and root-mean-square (RMS) error of 0.19 and 0.51 m, respectively but were largest near the offshore limits of analysis (roughly 500 m from the camera) and near the steep shoreline where analysis tiles mix information from waves, swash and static dry sand. Performance was excellent for small waves but degraded somewhat with increasing wave height. Sand bars and their small-scale alongshore variability were well resolved. A single ground truth survey from a dissipative, low-sloping beach (Agate Beach, OR) showed similar errors over a region that extended several kilometers from the camera and reached depths of 14 m. Vector wave number estimates can also be incorporated into data assimilation models of nearshore dynamics.

Holman, Rob; Plant, Nathaniel; Holland, Todd



Nearshore wave-induced cyclical flexing of sea cliffs  

USGS Publications Warehouse

[1] Evolution of a tectonically active coast is driven by geomorphically destructive energy supplied by ocean waves. Wave energy is episodic and concentrated; sea cliffs are battered by the geomorphic wrecking ball every 4-25 s. We measure the response of sea cliffs to wave assault by sensing the ground motion using near-coastal seismometers. Sea cliffs respond to waves in two distinct styles. High-frequency motion (20 Hz) reflects the natural frequency of the sea cliff as it rings in response to direct wave impact. Low-frequency motion in the 0.1-0.05 Hz (10-20 s) band consistently agrees with the dominant nearshore wave period. Integrating microseismic velocities suggests 50 ??m and 10 ??m displacements in horizontal and vertical directions, respectively. Displacement ellipsoids exhibit simultaneous downward and seaward sea cliff motion with each wave. Video footage corroborates the downward sea cliff flex in response to the imposed water load on the wave cut platform. Gradients in displacement amplitudes documented using multiple seismometers suggest longitudinal and shear strain of the flexing sea cliff on the order of 0.5-4 ?? strains during each wave loading cycle. As this sea cliff flexure occurs approximately 3 million times annually, it has the potential to fatigue the rock through cyclical loading. Local sea cliff retreat rates of 10 cm/yr imply that a given parcel of rock is flexed through roughly 109 cycles of increasing amplitude before exposure to direct wave attack at the cliff face. Copyright 2005 by the American Geophysical Union.

Adams, P.N.; Storlazzi, C.D.; Anderson, R. Scott



A High Resolution Hydrodynamic Model of Puget Sound to Support Nearshore Restoration Feasibility Analysis and Design  

SciTech Connect

Estuarine and coastal hydrodynamic processes are sometimes neglected in the design and planning of nearshore restoration actions. Despite best intentions, efforts to restore nearshore habitats can result in poor outcomes if circulation and transport which also affect freshwater-saltwater interactions are not properly addressed. Limitations due to current land use can lead to selection of sub-optimal restoration alternatives that may result in undesirable consequences, such as flooding, deterioration of water quality, and erosion, requiring immediate remedies and costly repairs. Uncertainty with achieving restoration goals, such as recovery of tidal exchange, supply of sediment and nutrients, and establishment of fish migration pathways, may be minimized by using numerical models designed for application to the nearshore environment. A high resolution circulation and transport model of the Puget Sound, in the state of Washington, was developed to assist with nearshore habitat restoration design and analysis, and to answer the question “can we achieve beneficial restoration outcomes at small local scale, as well as at a large estuary-wide scale?” The Puget Sound model is based on an unstructured grid framework to define the complex Puget Sound shoreline using a finite volume coastal ocean model (FVCOM). The capability of the model for simulating the important nearshore processes, such as circulation in complex multiple tidal channels, wetting and drying of tide flats, and water quality and sediment transport as part of restoration feasibility, are illustrated through examples of restoration projects in Puget Sound.

Khangaonkar, Tarang; Yang, Zhaoqing



A New Reading of Shakespeare's King John.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Shakespeare wrote King John c.1594, six years after the defeat of the Spanish Armada, and ~ 50 years after publication of the Copernican heliocentric hypothesis. It is said to be the most unhistorical of the History Plays, ``anomalous'', ``puzzling'', and ``odd'', and as such it has engendered far more than the customary range of interpretive opinion. I suggest that the play alerts Elizabethans not just to military and political threats, but to a changing cosmic world view, all especially threatening as they arise in Catholic countries. (a) Personification characterizes the play. John personifies the old order, while Arthur and the Dauphin's armies personify the new. I suggest that Shakespeare decenters King John just as Copernicus decentered the world. (b) Hubert menaces Arthur's eyes for a whole scene (4.1), but the need for such cruelty is not explained and is especially odd as Arthur is already under sentence of death (3.3.65-66). This hitherto unexplained anomaly suggests that the old order fears what the new might see. (c) Eleanor's confession is made only to Heaven and to her son the King (1.1.42-43), yet by echoing and word play the Messenger from France later reveals to John that he is privy to it (4.2.119-124). This circumstance has not been questioned heretofore. I suggest that the Messenger is like the wily Hermes (Mercury), chief communicator of the gods and patron of the sciences; by revealing that he moves in the highest circles, he tells John that he speaks with an authority that transcends even that of a king. The message from on high presages more than political change; it warns of a new cosmic and religious world order (d) Most agree that John is a weak king, so Shakespeare must have suspected flaws in the old ways. He would have known that Tycho Brahe's new star of 1572, the comet of 1577, and the 1576 model of his compatriot Thomas Digges, were shattering old ideas. (e) The tensions of the play are not resolved because in 1594 the new order was not yet generally accepted. Instead, the new world view is announced subtly, and thereby perhaps prudently, for the onset of persecution of its advocates is only a few years away.

Usher, Peter D.



MLK & Brother Lawrence Hanks Lawrence Hanks & Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.  

E-print Network

MLK & Brother Lawrence Hanks Lawrence Hanks & Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr who has taken many non-violent actions in line with legacy of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. To truly University observe Martin Luther King Day as a holiday in 1993 (Malagon, 2011). Dr. King's argument has

Indiana University


Final Independent External Peer Review Report for the Brevard County, Florida Mid-  

E-print Network

) and Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement (SEIS) by Battelle 505 King Avenue Columbus, OH 46201 Integrated General Re-evaluation Report (GRR) and Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement (SEIS, Florida. In the Feasibility Report with the Final Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for Brevard County

US Army Corps of Engineers


Counties with Established Counties without Established  

E-print Network

Dickens Donley+ Eastland El Paso Erath Garza Glasscock Hockley Howard Hutchinson Jeff Davis Jim Hogg King Erath El Paso Ellis Edwards Ector Eastland Duval Donley+ Dimmit Dickens DeWitt Denton Delta Deaf Smith


Breakpoint-forced and bound long waves in the nearshore: A model comparison  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A finite-difference model is used to compare long wave amplitudes arising from two-group forced generation mechanisms in the nearshore: long waves generated at a time-varying breakpoint and the shallow-water extension of the bound long wave. Plane beach results demonstrate that the strong frequency selection in the outgoing wave predicted by the breakpoint-forcing mechanism may not be observable in field data due to this wave's relatively small size and its predicted phase relation with the bound wave. Over a bar/trough nearshore, it is shown that a strong frequency selection in shoreline amplitudes is not a unique result of the time-varying breakpoint model, but a general result of the interaction between topography and any broad-banded forcing of nearshore long waves.

List, Jeffrey H.



Optimal management of a Hawaiian Coastal aquifer with nearshore marine ecological interactions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We optimize groundwater management in the presence of marine consequences of submarine groundwater discharge (SGD). Concern for marine biota increases the optimal steady-state head level of the aquifer. The model is discussed in general terms for any coastal groundwater resource where SGD has a positive impact on valuable nearshore resources. Our application focuses on the Kona Coast of Hawai`i, where SGD is being actively studied and where both nearshore ecology and groundwater resources are serious sociopolitical issues. To incorporate the consequences of water extraction on nearshore resources, we impose a safe minimum standard for the quantity of SGD. Efficient pumping rates fluctuate according to various growth requirements on the keystone marine algae and different assumptions regarding recharge rates. Desalination is required under average recharge conditions and a strict minimum standard and under low recharge conditions regardless of minimum standards of growth.

Duarte, Thomas Kaeo; Pongkijvorasin, Sittidaj; Roumasset, James; Amato, Daniel; Burnett, Kimberly



Detecting Land-based Signals in the Near-shore Zone of Lake Erie During Summer 2009  

EPA Science Inventory

We conducted two styles of nearshore surveys in Lake Erie during August to mid-September 2009. The first used a spatially-balanced probability survey (SBS) design to establish discrete stations within a GIS-defined target populationthe nearshore zone extending approximately 5 km...


An Integrated Set of Observations to Link Conditions of Great Lakes Nearshore Waters to their Coastal Watersheds  

EPA Science Inventory

We combine three elements for a comprehensive characterization that links nearshore conditions with coastal watershed disturbance metrics. The three elements are: 1) a shore-parallel, high-resolution nearshore survey using continuous in situ towed sensors; 2) a spatially-balanc...



E-print Network

IN THE GREAT LAKES* Kenneth M. Hinkel Ice thickness data from 32 nearshore locations around the Great Lakes increasingly apparent that accurate ice forecasting in the Great Lakes would benefit the commercialNOAA Technical Memorandum ERL GLERL-44 ICE-COVER GROWTH RATES AT NEARSHORE LOCATIONS IN THE GREAT


Seasonal Variation in Fish Assemblage Structure and Habitat Structure in the Nearshore Littoral Zone of Wisconsin Lakes  

Microsoft Academic Search

To evaluate whether fish abundance, fish habitat, and fish–habitat associations vary across seasons in nearshore littoral zones of five northern Wisconsin lakes, we assessed fish abundances and quantified habitat characteristics in littoral zones across three seasons (spring, summer, and fall) during 1996. Seasonal responses of the fish community in the nearshore littoral zone were taxa specific and guild specific. In

Gene R. Hatzenbeler; Michael A. Bozek; Martin J. Jennings; Edward E. Emmons



Seasonal Variation in Fish Assemblage Structure and Habitat Structure in the Nearshore Littoral Zone of Wisconsin Lakes  

Microsoft Academic Search

To evaluate whether fish abundance, fish habitat, and fish-habitat associations vary across seasons in nearshore littoral zones of five northern Wisconsin lakes, we assessed fish abundances and quantified habitat characteristics in littoral zones across three seasons (spring, summer, and fall) during 1996. Seasonal responses of the fish community in the nearshore littoral zone were taxa specific and guild specific. In

Gene R. Hatzenbeler; Michael A. Bozek; Martin J. Jennings; Edward E. Emmons



National Association of Counties  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With 3066 U.S. counties, the National Association of Counties (NACo) has the arduous task of making sure the nations counties are acknowledged and understood in the halls of the White House and Congress. NACo, the only national government organization devoted to highlighting and improving the understanding of county issues, "collects, researches, publishes and disseminates a variety of different information for, on and about counties." On their Web site, viewers have access to a comprehensive and in-depth database of county information including county population; census bureau quick facts; elected county officials; county codes and ordinances; county policies; links to, which provides nationwide county statistics such as economic and demographic data; and much more. This site is easily navigable, has counties arranged alphabetically by state, and would be of value to anyone living inside a county domain --- which is just about everyone.



Dispersal of fine sediment in nearshore coastal waters  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Fine sediment (silt and clay) plays an important role in the physical, ecological, and environmental conditions of coastal systems, yet little is known about the dispersal and fate of fine sediment across coastal margin settings outside of river mouths. Here I provide simple physical scaling and detailed monitoring of a beach nourishment project near Imperial Beach, California, with a high portion of fines (40% silt and clay by weight). These results provide insights into the pathways and residence times of fine sediment transport across a wave-dominated coastal margin. Monitoring of the project used physical, optical, acoustic, and remote sensing techniques to track the fine portion of the nourishment sediment. The initial transport of fine sediment from the beach was influenced strongly by longshore currents of the surf zone that were established in response to the approach angles of the waves. The mean residence time of fine sediment in the surf zone—once it was suspended—was approximately 1 hour, and rapid decreases in surf zone fine sediment concentrations along the beach resulted from mixing and offshore transport in turbid rip heads. For example, during a day with oblique wave directions and surf zone longshore currents of approximately 25 cm/s, the offshore losses of fine sediment in rips resulted in a 95% reduction in alongshore surf zone fine sediment flux within 1 km of the nourishment site. However, because of the direct placement of nourishment sediment on the beach, fine suspended-sediment concentrations in the swash zone remained elevated for several days after nourishment, while fine sediment was winnowed from the beach. Once offshore of the surf zone, fine sediment settled downward in the water column and was observed to transport along and across the inner shelf. Vertically sheared currents influenced the directions and rates of fine sediment transport on the shelf. Sedimentation of fine sediment was greatest on the seafloor directly offshore of the nourishment site. However, a mass balance of sediment suggests that the majority of the fine sediment moved far away (over 2 km) from the nourishment site or to water depths greater than 10 m, where fine sediment represents a substantial portion of the bed material. Thus, the fate of fine sediment in nearshore waters was influenced strongly by wave conditions, surf zone and rip current transport, and the vertical density and flow conditions of coastal waters.

Warrick, Jonathan A.



Hydrothermal influence on nearshore sediments of Kos Island, Aegean Sea  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Kos-Nisyros volcanic centre is a long-active, Plio-Pleistocene magmatic system in the subduction zone along the easternmost edge of the active Hellenic volcanic arc in the Aegean Sea. Although today there are signs of relative quiescence in volcanic activity, active onshore fumaroles and shallow-sea hydrothermal vents persist on, amongst others, the island of Kos. The present study explores the large-scale imprint of hydrothermally sourced heavy metals and nutrients on the island's coastal marine environment, based on geochemical data collected in September 2007 from hydrothermal waters and surficial nearshore sediments (<10 m water depth) at several vents in the Bros Thermi and Kephalos Bay hydrothermal fields. There were strong spatiotemporal fluctuations in gas and water flow rates at the vent sites—for example, the gas/water flux ratio varied by as much as two orders of magnitude (0.03-1.30) at Kephalos Bay vents over a 2-day measurement period on 15-16 September 2007. Confirming earlier work, hydrothermal waters had higher levels of F, Ca and Sr, and lower levels of Na, Mg and SO4 compared with ambient seawater. Moreover, there was novel evidence of strong, widespread Zn and also Mn enhancement. Cluster and factor analyses of surficial sediment data from the Bros Thermi vents (fine (mud) fractions, <63 ?m, 6N HCl dissolution) revealed distinct groups of elements such as Cu+Pb+Zn and Mn+Mg. Spatial distribution maps showed similarities in the dispersion of Cu and Pb, and of Ca and Ba. The distribution of HCl-soluble material is the inverse mirror image of the distribution of the residual (silicate and Al-silicate) phase. These findings considerably expand on existing knowledge that the coastal zone of Kos is severely influenced by ongoing submarine hydrothermal activity, and confirm that shallow-water sediment Fe, Mn, Zn and Pb levels are substantially higher than those of other islands along the Hellenic volcanic arc, and even exceed those of some deep-water hydrothermal vents in other world regions. Evidently, there may be significant metallic sulphide deposits of hydrothermal origin at depth beneath Kos.

Megalovasilis, Pavlos; Godelitsas, Athanasios



50 CFR 622.371 - Limited access system for commercial vessel permits for king mackerel.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...commercial vessel permits for king mackerel. 622.371 Section 622.371...commercial vessel permits for king mackerel. (a) No applications for additional...commercial vessel permits for king mackerel will be accepted....



50 CFR 622.371 - Limited access system for commercial vessel permits for king mackerel.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...commercial vessel permits for king mackerel. 622.371 Section 622.371...commercial vessel permits for king mackerel. (a) No applications for additional...commercial vessel permits for king mackerel will be accepted....



77 FR 38005 - Safety Zone; Independence Day Fireworks, Kings Beach, CA  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Fireworks, Kings Beach, CA AGENCY: for the Kings Beach Independence Day...William Hawn, Sector San Francisco Waterways Safety...for the Kings Beach Independence Day...Coast Guard Sector San Francisco. The PATCOM...



78 FR 39599 - Safety Zone; Independence Day Fireworks, Kings Beach, CA  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Fireworks, Kings Beach, CA AGENCY: Coast...Fireworks, Kings Beach, CA in the Captain of the Port, San Francisco area of responsibility...Fireworks, Kings beach, CA in 33 CFR 165...Coast Guard Sector San Francisco. The PATCOM...



Limits to Size: Could King Kong Exist?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Why can't spiders be ten feet tall? Can an ape grow to the size of King Kong? Surface area-to-volume relationships help shed light on the question of the size limits of organisms. At the nanoscale, things are so small that surface area effects impact the behavior of materials. For example, things tend to stick together and gravity plays a minor role. This activity gives students the opportunity to explore the sizes of things and scale as they investigate questions like "Could an egg ever grow to be the size of a beach ball?"

Amy R. Taylor



Author! Author! The Gallant Children's Author: Dick King-Smith  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This column presents a brief biography of Dick King-Smith. Born on March 27, 1922 and raised in Gloucestershire, England, he grew up with animals of all kinds. King-Smith was a farmer for twenty years and then became a school teacher. He was also a soldier during wartime, a traveling salesman, shoe factory worker, and television presenter. He…

Brodie, Carolyn S.



The Coretta Scott King Awards Book, 1970-1999.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For 30 years, the Coretta Scott King Awards have honored notable African American authors and illustrators. This volume provides up-to-date information about the Coretta Scott King award books. Celebrating 30 years of African American contributions to children's literature, it serves as a selection tool and teaching resource, in both schools and…

Smith, Henrietta M., Ed.


Widening Polyhedra with Landmarks Axel Simon and Andy King  

E-print Network

Widening Polyhedra with Landmarks Axel Simon and Andy King Computing Laboratory, University of Kent, Canterbury, UK {a.simon,a.m.king} Abstract. The abstract domain of polyhedra is sufficiently, possibly infinite, sequences of polyhedra can arise in the analysis of loops. Widening and narrowing have

Kent, University of


Henry David Thoreau and Martin Luther King, Jr. Lesson Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a five-lesson, high school instructional unit on the ideas and activities of Henry David Thoreau and Martin Luther King, Jr. Includes student objectives, step-by-step instructional procedures, and discussion questions. Provides quotations by Thoreau and King. (CFR)

Powell, Brent



Ethical Communication and the Leadership of Martin Luther King, Jr  

Microsoft Academic Search

Martin Luther King, Jr was the most recognisable face of the African American civil rights movement whose message of racial equality helped to end the generations of legal discrimination against blacks in the American South. Apart from his political achievements King is best known as a communicator and orator whose message of equality and peace was most famously expressed in

Nick Sharman



Martin Luther King, Jr.: In the beginning at Montgomery  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is a brief account of the events that led to the inauguration of Martin Luther King, Jr., as leader of the Montgomery (Alabama) bus boycott. The writer analyzes the address Dr. King gave on the night he became the chief spokesman for the movement.

Donald H. Smith



Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Health Center's Community Management System  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents the case of the Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Health Center's unique community management system in which neighborhood workers have been developed to assume managerial responsibilities and are directing the Center. The Martin Luther King Center experience is instructive because the Center was able to achieve significant community control by focusing primarily on the internal dimension of

Noel M. Tichy; June Irmiger Taylor



Reverse Engineering Chinese Censorship Gary King, Jennifer Pan, Molly Roberts  

E-print Network

Reverse Engineering Chinese Censorship Gary King, Jennifer Pan, Molly Roberts Institute;Papers An Observational Study: How Censorship in China Allows Government Criticism but Silences: A Randomized Experimental Study of Censorship in China Copies at 2/29 #12;Chinese Censorship


Interview with Angus King by Andrea L’Hommedieu  

Microsoft Academic Search

Biographical NoteAngus Stanley King, Jr. was born March 31, 1944, in Virginia. His father, Stanley King, was a lawyer in Alexandria and worked as U.S. commissioner and federal magistrate. Angus was active in the civil rights movement, especially in regard to schooling. He was graduated from Dartmouth in 1966 and received his law degree from the University of Virginia in

Angus S King



King Tone's Journey: From the Barrio to the SHU.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the life of King Tone, president of the Almighty Latin King and Queen Nation gang from 1996-99, analyzing his moral and political careers and noting contexts behind his choices and values and the "working out of a culture and social system that is often obscured in a typified account." The paper emphasizes the "dialectics of violence,"…

Brotherton, Dave




E-print Network

MONITORING AND MODELING NEARSHORE DREDGE DISPOSAL FOR INDIRECT BEACH NOURISHMENT, OCEAN BEACH, SAN disposal was performed during the summer of 2005 at Ocean Beach, San Francisco, CA, a high energy tidal attack during the winter months has had a severe impact on existing sewage infrastructure. Although


Predator-prey interactions of salmon in the plume and near-shore ocean  

E-print Network

Predator-prey interactions of salmon in the plume and near-shore ocean: implications for density), Elizabeth Daly, Jim Ruzicka (OSU), and Beth Phillips (UW) CRBF & W Ocean Workshop, February 14, 2013 #12;Presentation Outline · Background on competition involving salmon in the ocean · Interactions between wild


Fish Assemblages and Environmental Variables Associated with Gobiids in Nearshore Areas of the Lower Great Lakes  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigated which fish species and environmental variables were associated with the invasive round goby (Neogobius melanostomus) and tubenose goby (Proterorhinus marmoratus) in nearshore Canadian waters of the Huron-Erie corridor of the lower Great Lakes. We measured a suite of environmental variables and used triplicate beach seine samples to collect fishes in summer 2006. Thirty sites were sampled in the

Silvia N. Dopazo; Lynda D. Corkum; Nicholas E. Mandrak



Experimental study of nearshore dynamics on a barred beach with rip channels  

E-print Network

Experimental study of nearshore dynamics on a barred beach with rip channels Merrick C. Haller1 performed on a fixed barred beach with periodically spaced rip channels using a range of incident wave-directed flows called rip currents. These currents have been observed on a wide range of beach types

Haller, Merrick


Nearshore physical processes and bio-optical properties in the New York Bight  

E-print Network

jet decreased turbidity nearshore and advected lower-salinity, higher-chlorophyll waters of coastal ocean physical processes and their effects on biology is necessary because the majority continental shelf during the Hyperspectral Coastal Ocean Dynamics Experiment. Measurements from a midshelf

Chang, Grace C.



EPA Science Inventory

Associated with the Great Lakes Environmental Indicators (GLEI) project of the EaGLe program, we are evaluating a suite of indicators of ecological condition for the nearshore region of U.S. shorelines of the Great Lakes. The evaluation includes sampling conducted at limited fix...


Great Lakes Beach Recreational Water-Quality Decisionmaking Nearshore Health and Watershed Protection Projects  

E-print Network

Great Lakes Beach Recreational Water-Quality Decisionmaking Nearshore Health and Watershed Protection Projects for the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative Research by USGS scientists has been of the 500 beaches along 11,000 miles of coastline in the Great Lakes. As they broaden the understanding


The Larval Fish Assemblage in Nearshore Coastal Waters off the St Lucia Estuary, South Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on the composition, abundance and distribution of the larval fish assemblage in the nearshore coastal waters off the St Lucia Estuary mouth, South Africa. Ichthyoplankton samples were collected over a 12 month period from five stations located along a transect up to 2·5km offshore, and from two stations north and south of the estuary mouth, respectively. In

S. A Harris; D. P Cyrus; L. E Beckley




EPA Science Inventory

We are exploring the use of food web properties to characterize nearshore and offshore habitats in the Great lakes. We analyzed the stable isotope signatures of benthos (predominantly Diporeia hoyi) and plankton from Lake Superior habitats ranging from 20m to 300m depth......


Lake Superior: Nearshore Variability and a Landscape Driver Concept (journal article)  

EPA Science Inventory

Spatial variation is well known to exist in water quality parameters of the Great Lakes nearshore, however strong patterns for extended reaches also have been observed and found to be robust across seasonal time frames. Less is known about robustness of inter-annual variation wi...


Water Quality and Plankton in the United States Nearshore Waters of Lake Huron  

EPA Science Inventory

We conducted an intensive survey for the US nearshore of Lake Huron along a continuous segment (523 km) from Port Huron Michigan to Detour Passage. A depth contour of 20 m was towed with a CTD, fluorometer, transmissometer, and laser optical plankton counter (LOPC). The continu...


Establishment of two invasive crustaceans (Copepoda: Harpacticoida) in the nearshore sands  

Microsoft Academic Search

Benthic copepods (Copepoda: Harpacticoida) in the nearshore sediments of southern Lake Michigan appear to be dominated by two new invasive species. We report the first occurrence in North America of Schizopera borutzkyi Montschenko, a native to the Danube River delta, and Heteropsyllus nr. nunni, likely a new species that is morphologi- cally similar to the marine species Heteropsyllus nunni and

Thomas G. Horvath; Richard L. Whitman; Laurel L. Last


Insect Colonization Rates in NearShore Regions Subjected to Hydroelectric Power Peaking Flows  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies were conducted in near-shore regions of the Clear-water River, Idaho, to determine benthic insect colonization rates. Dworshak Dam, located on the North Fork of the Clearwater River, subjects downstream shores to daily dewatering, thereby, influencing the benthic insect and algal communities. Continuously watered test and control substrates were sampled weekly to determine insect colonization rates. At least 47 days

F. M. Gersich; M. A. Brusven



Arsenic Occurrence and Species in Near-Shore Macroalgae-Feeding  

E-print Network

Arsenic Occurrence and Species in Near-Shore Macroalgae-Feeding Marine Animals J . K I R B Y of arsenic species and their pathways of formation in marine animals: fish (Odax cyanomelas), abalone these arsenic species, are to some degree accumulated directly from their diets without degradation

Canberra, University of


Optics, Acoustics, and Stress in a Nearshore Bottom Nepheloid Layer Emmanuel Boss  

E-print Network

Optics, Acoustics, and Stress in a Nearshore Bottom Nepheloid Layer Emmanuel Boss School of Marine stresses and how this packaging of sediment affects optical and acoustical properties in the water column and acoustical properties of the water column. 3. Develop models describing the associations between particle

Boss, Emmanuel S.


Optics, Acoustics, and Stress in a Nearshore Bottom Nepheloid Layer Emmanuel Boss  

E-print Network

Optics, Acoustics, and Stress in a Nearshore Bottom Nepheloid Layer Emmanuel Boss School of Marine this packaging of sediment affects optical and acoustical properties in the water column. OBJECTIVES 1. Quantify. Quantify how changes in particle packaging affect the optical and acoustical properties of the water column

Boss, Emmanuel S.


Nearshore Habitat and Fish Community Associations of Coaster Brook Trout in Isle Royale, Lake Superior  

Microsoft Academic Search

We characterized the nearshore habitat and fish community composition of approximately 300 km of shoreline within and adjacent to the major embayments of Isle Royale, Lake Superior. Sampling yielded 17 species, of which 12 were widespread and represented a common element of the Lake Superior fish community, including cisco Coregonus artedi, lake whitefish C. clupeaformis, round whitefish Prosopium cylindraceum, lake

Owen T. Gorman; Seth A. Moore; Andrew J. Carlson; Henry R. Quinlan



Determination of dominant nearshore hydrodynamic forcing adjacent to a tidal inlet and submerged artificial reef  

Microsoft Academic Search

An 18 month field monitoring program was conducted to determine the impact of a submerged narrow crested artificial reef, located seaward of the surf zone and immediately adjacent to a tidal inlet, on nearshore beach profile evolution. Observed structure settlement and scour zones adjacent to the structure are analyzed though the use of wind, wave, current, and tidal measurements obtained

Thomas Oliver Herrington Jr.



Evaluating a Lake Tahoe nearshore assessment strategy: A circumnavigation survey, August 2011  

EPA Science Inventory

We had the opportunity to apply a high-resolution nearshore sampling strategy, developed in the US/Canadian Laurentian Great Lakes, to Lake Tahoe. The strategy uses towed in situ sensors (physico-chemistry and biology) oscillated from near surface to near bottom while a vessel i...


Juvenile Chinook use of the nearshore central and western Strait of Juan de Fuca  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fifty-eight juvenile Chinook salmon were collected from nearshore areas of the central and western Strait of Juan de Fuca, west of the Elwha River, between June and September 2007. Genetic analysis documented that 43% of these fish were Puget Sound Chinook salmon (Elwha\\/Dungeness reporting group), with 48% representing various Columbia River populations. The remaining 9% of the Chinook salmon observed

Anne Shaffer; Pat Crain; Todd Kassler; Jenna Schilke



Interaction of nearshore, beach and dune systems: implications for barrier island morphology (Invited)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Improvements and advances in technology permit the measurement of sediment transport and fluid dynamics at increasingly smaller temporal and spatial scales. While these studies provide greater insight about small-scale processes, it remains unclear how to transfer this improved understanding of these processes to the convergences and divergences of transport that are ultimately responsible for the evolution of nearshore, beach and dune environments. A series of field experiments are used to examine how small-scale processes and the exchange of sediment amongst the nearshore, beach and dune is dependent on the antecedent morphology. Specifically, the transport of sediment from beach to dune is shown to depend on the synchronization of sediment supply and transport potential that vary as the beach and backshore evolve. The evolution of the beach and backshore in turn depends on the transformation of the incident wave field over the nearshore profile, which is dependent on the bathymetry of the inner-shelf. In this respect, the interaction of nearshore, beach and dune systems is self-reinforcing and evidence is presented to show this interaction is responsible for the alongshore variation in barrier island morphology. It is argued that the dependency of process on morphology creates new opportunities for research in which changes in process vary with changes morphology in both space and time.

Houser, C.; Weymer, B. A.; Trimble, S. M.; Barrineau, C. P.



153Elwha Nearshore SubstrateNorthwest Science, Vol. 82, Special Issue, 2008 Jonathan A. Warrick1  

E-print Network

to dam removal. These combined data suggest that the nearshore of the western delta and Freshwater Bay). The two dams of the Elwha River will be removed, sometime between 2010 and 2015, to restore the native the removal of the two dams, sediment discharge from the river is predicted to increase by orders


Application of remote sensing to study nearshore circulation. [and the continental shelf  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The research to use remote sensing techniques for studying the continental shelf is reported. The studies reported include: (1) nearshore circulation in the vincinity of a natural tidal inlet; (2) identification of indicators of biological activity; (3) remote navigation system for tracking free drifting buoys; (4) experimental design of an estuaring tidal circulation; and (5) Skylab support work.

Zeigler, J.; Lobecker, R.; Stauble, D.; Welch, C.; Haas, L.; Fang, C. S.



Effect of Cutting Heights on Productivity and Quality of King Napier Grass (Pennisetum purpureum cv. King Grass) under Irrigation  

Microsoft Academic Search

2 Abstract: An experiment to study the effect of cutting heights on yield and nutritive values of King napier grass (Pennisetum purpureum cv. King grass) was conducted on sandy loam, Korat soil series (Oxic Paleustults) under irrigation during June 2006 to November 2007 at Khon Kaen Animal Nutrition Development Research Center, Thailand. Four treatments of cutting height at 0 (T1),

Sumran Wijitphan; Pornchai Lorwilai; Chutipong Arkaseang



King Air flight RICO 20050116 page 1 King Air N2UW flight report for January 16, 2005.  

E-print Network

King Air flight ­ RICO ­ 20050116 page 1 King Air N2UW flight report for January 16, 2005. Crew: Drew, Vali, Gordon, Wechsler Summary: Flight had three major segments. First, extensive sampling in the vicinity of a point 110 km E and 20

Vali, Gabor


King Air flight RICO 20050109 page 1 King Air N2UW flight report for January 9, 2005  

E-print Network

King Air flight ­ RICO ­ 20050109 page 1 King Air N2UW flight report for January 9, 2005 Crew: Drew, Vali, Gordon, Lukens General that melted at 4000 m, and then produced such a ligh rain, that at flight altitudes the in situ probes

Vali, Gabor


Appendix A - County Codes

January 1998 SEER Program Code Manual, 3 rd Edition A-1 APPENDIX A COUNTY CODES APPENDIX A COUNTY CODES A-2 SEER Program Code Manual, 3rd Edition January 1998 The following are the valid county codes for coding county of residence at diagnosis: Reference:


Health evaluation of western arctic King Eiders (Somateria spectabilis).  


The western arctic population of King Eiders (Somateria spectabilis) has declined by >50% in recent years. A health assessment was conducted for adult King Eiders breeding on the north slope of Alaska, USA, to evaluate body condition (n=90, 2002-2006) and baseline biochemical and hematologic values (n=20-30, 2005-2006). Body condition for males and females was excellent. Total protein, calcium, alkaline phosphatase, amylase, and globulin were significantly higher in females than in males, likely because of differences in reproductive physiology. These baseline health data can be used to promote conservation of King Eiders and other closely related species of concern. PMID:20966282

Scott, Cheryl A; Mazet, Jonna A K; Powell, Abby N



Exploring Multimodal 3D Interfaces S. Augustine Su *, Robert King *, and J. Edward Swan II  

E-print Network

Exploring Multimodal 3D Interfaces S. Augustine Su *, Robert King *, and J. Edward Swan II Naval Research Laboratory, Code 5580 4555 Overlook Avenue, SW Washington, D.C. 20375-5337 {su, king, swan are interesting and challenging. [1]. Jim Durbin, J. Edward Swan II, Brad Colbert, John Crowe, Rob King, Tony King

Swan II, J. Edward



E-print Network

THE GRADUATE SCHOOL 2012-2013 MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR. - CESAR CHAVEZ - ROSA PARKS FUTURE FACULTY, King-Chavez-Parks Initiative, the Martin Luther King, Jr. ­ Cesar Chavez- Rosa Parks Fellowship Program, but may receive only one King/Chavez/Parks Fellowship during pursuit of the same degree. Award

VandeVord, Pamela


Correlation of Sub-Aerial Beach Change with Numerical Model Derived Nearshore Wave Conditions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Wave-induced sediment transport on and off of beaches is difficult to understand and predict without thorough knowledge of the nearshore wave conditions. Wave data is commonly provided by a buoy located offshore in deep water that measures waves prior to shoaling and refraction. Irregular bathymetry causes dissimilar refraction and shoaling and can lead to variable wave conditions in the nearshore environment. To account for wave propagation over varying bathymetry, numerical wave models are good tools for estimating the nearshore wave climate from offshore wave data. Ocean Beach in San Francisco, CA is an energetic, intermediately sloping beach that was the subject of frequent sub-aerial topographic surveys in 2005 and 2006, with some surveys being as close as two days apart. Sediment volume change derived from these surveys was correlated to nearshore wave heights estimated from offshore buoy measurements and the application of the numerical wave model SWAN (Simulating WAves Nearshore). The SWAN model was used to create a "look-up" table of nearshore wave heights from over 4500 combinations of offshore wave heights, periods, and directions. The model was run using a nested grid scheme using three separate spatial resolutions, with the finest being closest to shore. Correlations between the sub-aerial beach volume data at five morphologically different reaches of Ocean Beach and the SWAN derived wave heights from just outside of the surf zone (in 5, 7.5, or 10 m of water depending on wave height) are generally low, with R2 values less than 0.5, with the highest being 0.61. Although the coefficients of determination are low in most instances the significance exceeds 90%. The reason for the low coefficients of determination is not known but is currently being investigated; some possible reasons are improper characterization of the lengthy time series of wave data between surveys (up to 28 days), or the ignored effect of strong along-shore directed tidal currents (O(~1m/s)) on breaking waves in the surf zone.

Hansen, J. E.; Erikson, L.; Barnard, P. L.; Eshleman, J. L.



Variations in Nearshore Bar Morphology: Implications for Rip Current Development at Pensacola Beach, Florida from 1951 to 2004  

E-print Network

. Aerial photographs and satellite images are collected for the study area and nearshore features are digitized in ArcGIS and evaluated using wavelet analysis. Specifically, a continuous wavelet transform is used to the identify times and locations when a...

Barrett, Gemma Elizabeth



Introduction Modeling of large ocean waves Propagation speed Coherent wavetrains Near-shore wave dynamics Conclusions Tsunamis and ocean waves  

E-print Network

Introduction Modeling of large ocean waves Propagation speed Coherent wavetrains Near-shore wave dynamics Conclusions Tsunamis and ocean waves Walter Craig Department of Mathematics & Statistics AAAS waves #12;Introduction Modeling of large ocean waves Propagation speed Coherent wavetrains Near

Craig, Walter


APRIL 3, 2014 | 5:30 PM | $5 DONATION Lake Tahoe's nearshore is an important zone of relatively  

E-print Network

and developed areas. It has greater vulnerability to aquatic invasive species, warming from climate change will present research findings and recommendations that address Lake Tahoe's aquatic nearshore environment. Dr

Schladow, S. Geoffrey


James Clerk Maxwell's inaugural lecture at King's College London  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this inaugural lecture given at King's College London in 1871, James Clerk Maxwell (1831-79) reviews the current state of Natural Philosophy (Mechanics and Physics) and lays the foundation for the development of electromagnetic field theory.(AIP)

James C. Maxwell




E-print Network


Al-Ghadhban, Samir


WSU's Annual Martin Luther King Jr. Tribute Luncheon  

E-print Network

WSU's Annual Martin Luther King Jr. Tribute Luncheon Jan. 30 - Feb. 5, 2013 getting Keynote speaker Harold Ford Jr. Keynote speaker Harold Ford Jr. (left) and WSU President Allan Gilmour

Baskaran, Mark


The Martin Luther King, Jr. Research and Education Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Stanford University has been the home of the Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project for over twenty years, and they also have the Martin Luther King, Jr. Research and Education Institute. On their website, visitors can learn about their work, which includes sponsoring conferences, providing research fellowships, and developing the Liberation curriculum for educators interested in nonviolent movements. The Liberation Curriculum section is actually a fine place to start exploring the site, as it contains lesson plans and other online resources (such as transcripts of Kingâ??s speeches) that will assist teachers in crafting valuable classroom experiences. Visitors will also want to make sure and visit the King Papers Project section of the site as well. Here they can find transcripts of some of King's most important works and a number of audio recordings of his sermons and speeches.


Spring and Summer Larval Fish Assemblages in the Surf Zone and Nearshore off Northern New Jersey, USA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Larval fish use of surf zone and nearshore habitats at northern latitudes has received little attention. Consequently, potential\\u000a impacts of beach nourishment and other forms of disturbance are not well understood. This study, on a northwestern Atlantic\\u000a coastline spanning May through July over 4 years, demonstrates that recently hatched larvae are common in both surf zone and\\u000a nearshore habitats. Taxonomic compositions

Kenneth W. Able; Dara H. Wilber; Angela Muzeni-Corino; Douglas G. Clarke



Cloning and purification of ?-neurotoxins from king cobra ( Ophiophagus hannah)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thirteen complete and three partial cDNA sequences were cloned from the constructed king cobra (Ophiophagus hannah) venom gland cDNA library. Phylogenetic analysis of nucleotide sequences of king cobra with those from other snake venoms revealed that obtained cDNAs are highly homologous to snake venom ?-neurotoxins. Alignment of deduced mature peptide sequences of the obtained clones with those of other reported

Ying-Ying He; Wei-Hui Lee; Yun Zhang



Efficiency Tools In The Speeches Of Martin Luther King, Jr  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis represents the results of a computer-aided analysis of aspects of speeches of the Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr. Specifically, the analysis has investigated the occurrence of indicators of the efficiency function--tools facilitating the comprehension of a discourse by a hearer or reader--in four speeches of Dr. King.Contrary to the expectations of many who anticipate complex grammatical structures in

M. Cassandra Foster Smith



Provenance of Corexit-related chemical constituents found in nearshore and inland Gulf Coast waters.  


The dispersants Corexit 9527 and Corexit 9500 were extensively used during the response to the Deepwater Horizon accident in 2010. In addition to the monitoring programs established by federal and state governments, local communities also conducted studies to determine if chemical constituents from these dispersants impacted nearshore and inland waters. One community (the City of Orange Beach, Alabama) collected water samples between September, 2010 and January, 2011, and found the dispersant-related chemicals propylene glycol, 2-butoxyethanol, and dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate at nearshore and inland water sampling sites. In this paper, we examine their dataset in an attempt to discern the origin of these chemicals. Our assessment indicates that these compounds are unlikely to be present as a result of the use of Corexit dispersants; rather, they are likely related to point and non-point source stormwater discharge. PMID:22959174

Hayworth, Joel S; Clement, T Prabakhar



Sandy beaches contamination by arsenic, a result of nearshore sediment diagenesis and transport (Brazilian coastline)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We studied the distribution of As, Fe, Ca and Al in beach sands and near-shore surface sediments along the Brazilian coast from the equatorial zone to Rio de Janeiro state. High concentrations of As (up to 120 mg kg-1) exceeding the environmentally acceptable thresholds were found in the beach sands and near-shore surface sediment in several segments of the studied coast. That increased from north to south. The significant positive correlation (R2 = 0.58) between As and calcium carbonate in the beach sands corroborated the hypothesis that calcareous bioclasts participate in metalloid retention and its accumulation in beach sediments. Most likely, enrichment of As occurs in the oxic horizon of sediments caused by the diagenetic redistribution of various elements. Enrichment of As in beach sands occurs in the coast of Bahia and Espirito Santo states. That is facilitated by clastic material of calcareous algae.

Mirlean, N.; Garcia, F.; Baisch, P.; Quintana, G. C.; Agnes, F.



Home > Kol Hadash > Ruth the Moabite, David the King, and the Fallacy of Biological Judaism A A A Ruth the Moabite, David the King, and the  

E-print Network

Home > Kol Hadash > Ruth the Moabite, David the King, and the Fallacy of Biological Judaism A A A Ruth the Moabite, David the King, and the Fallacy of Biological Judaism By Robert Pollack | Issue Date

Tong, Liang


Coral bleaching: one disturbance too many for near-shore reefs of the Great Barrier Reef  

Microsoft Academic Search

The dynamic nature of coral communities can make it difficult to judge whether a reef system is resilient to the current disturbance\\u000a regime. To address this question of resilience for near-shore coral communities of the Great Barrier Reef (Australia) a data\\u000a set consisting of 350 annual observations of benthic community change was compiled from existing monitoring data. These data\\u000a spanned

A. A. Thompson; A. M. Dolman



Carolinas Coastal Change Processes Project data report for nearshore observations at Cape Hatteras, North Carolina  

USGS Publications Warehouse

An oceanographic field study conducted in February 2010 investigated processes that control nearshore flow and sediment transport dynamics at Cape Hatteras, North Carolina. This report describes the project background, field program, instrumentation setup, and locations of the sensor deployments. The data collected, and supporting meteorological and streamflow observations, are presented as time-series plots for data visualization. Additionally, the data are available as part of this report.

Armstrong, Brandy N.; Warner, John C.; Voulgaris, George; List, Jeffrey H.; Thieler, Robert; Martini, Marinna A.; Montgomery, Ellyn T.; McNinch, Jesse E.; Book, Jeffrey W.; Haas, Kevin



Vertical structure of very nearshore larval fish assemblages in a temperate rocky coast  

Microsoft Academic Search

Small-scale vertical patterns of larval distribution were studied at a very nearshore larval fish assemblage, during the spring–summer\\u000a period of several years, at two depth strata (surface and bottom) using sub-surface and bottom trawls. A total of 4,589 larvae\\u000a (2,016 from surface samples and 2,573 from bottom samples) belonging to 62 taxa included in 22 families were collected. Most\\u000a larvae

Rita Borges; Ricardo Beldade; Emanuel J. Gonçalves



Nearshore Satellite Data as Relative Indicators of Intertidal Organism Physiological Stress  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The physiological performance of intertidal and shallow subtidal invertebrates and algae is significantly affected by water temperature, and so the ability to measure and model onshore water temperatures is critical for ecological and biogeographic studies. Because of the localized influences of processes such as upwelling, mixing, and surface heating from solar radiation, nearshore water temperatures can differ from those measured directly offshore by buoys and satellites. It remains an open question what the magnitude of the differences in these temperatures are, and whether "large pixel" measurements can serve as an effective proxy for onshore processes, particularly when extrapolating from laboratory physiological studies to field conditions. We compared 9 years of nearshore (~10km) MODIS (Terra and Aqua overpasses) SST data against in situ measurements of water temperature conducted at two intertidal sites in central Oregon- Boiler Bay and Strawberry Hill. We collapsed data into increasingly longer temporal averages to address the correlation and absolute differences between onshore and nearshore temperatures over daily, weekly and monthly timescales. Results indicate that nearshore SST is a reasonable proxy for onshore water temperature, and that the strength of the correlation increases with decreasing temporal resolution. Correlations between differences in maxima are highest, followed by average and minima, and were lower at a site with regular upwelling. While average differences ranged from ~0.199-1.353°C, absolute differences across time scales were ~0.446-6.906°C, and were highest for cold temperatures. The results suggest that, at least at these two sites, SST can be used as a relative proxy for general trends only, especially over longer time scales.

Matzelle, A.; Helmuth, B.; Lakshmi, V.



Dynamics of turbid buoyant plumes and the feedbacks on near-shore biogeochemistry and physics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The near-shore waters of the New York\\/New Jersey Bight in April 2005 exhibited distinct regions of turbid water with clearly differing optical properties associated with the Hudson River plume. We examined the effect of variable light attenuation on the hydrodynamics and ecological response of the Hudson River plume and its environs using field observations and a 3-dimensional bio-physical model. Important

Bronwyn Cahill; Oscar Schofield; Robert Chant; John Wilkin; Eli Hunter; Scott Glenn; Paul Bissett



Recent climatic trends in nearshore water temperatures in the St. Lawrence Great Lakes  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the Great Lakes region, the observational evidence for climatic change has been primarily limited to changes in lake-ice conditions, with no long-term trends identified in water temperatures. Seven nearshore water intake sites (Bay City, Michigan; Green Bay, Wisconsin; Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan; St. Joseph, Michigan; Sandusky Bay, Ohio; Put-In-Bay, Ohio; and Erie, Pennsylvania) in the Great Lakes were chosen,

Michael J. McCormick; Gary L. Fahnenstiel



Rare earth elements in the pore waters of reducing nearshore sediments  

Microsoft Academic Search

The REE are mobile during early diagenesis in reducing nearshore sediments of Buzzards Bay leading to greatly enhanced concentrations in pore waters, e.g. 815 pmol kg-1 Nd and 1910 pmol kg-1 Ce within 30 cm of the sediment-seawater interface, about 10-50 times local seawater values. Two principal diagenetic reactions have been identified. Preferential Ce enrichment (positive Ce anomalies) and preferential

H. Elderfield; E. R. Sholkovitz



Air-water two-phase flow approach to simulate nearshore wave motion  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Wave breaking and wave runup have a major influence on nearshore hydrodynamics. Hydrodynamic characteristics of wave motions in the nearshore zone play a key role on the beach profile changes and their evolution. In the case of wave breaking, there is significant mixing of air and water at the wave crest, along with relatively high kinetic energy, so prediction of the free surface is complicated. Most hydrodynamic numerical studies are derived from single-phase flow, in which the role of air is neglected. Therefore, single-phase flow modelling may not be a suitable tool for simulating nearshore hydrodynamics and, consequently, sediment transport. Two-phase flow modelling produces more realistic free-surface shapes. The two-dimensional two-phase Navier-Stokes equations, volume of fluid technique and a two-equation turbulence closure model were used to predict wave breaking and runup, and compared with experimental data. Comparison of the results with a corresponding single-phase flow model revealed that the inclusion of both air and water phases leads to an improvement in simulation of hydrodynamic characteristics especially in the vicinity of the breaking point. The results reveal that the two-phase model provides higher accuracy and reliability for the free surface prediction and flow field estimation than a 2D single-phase model.

Bakhtyar, Roham; Razmi, Amir Mehdi; Barry, David Andrew



Terrestrial and marine trophic pathways support young-of-year growth in a nearshore Arctic fish  

USGS Publications Warehouse

River discharge supplies nearshore communities with a terrestrial carbon source that is often reflected in invertebrate and fish consumers. Recent studies in the Beaufort Sea have documented widespread terrestrial carbon use among invertebrates, but only limited use among nearshore fish consumers. Here, we examine the carbon source and diet of rapidly growing young-of-year Arctic cisco (Coregonus autumnalis) using stable isotope values (?13C and ?15N) from muscle and diet analysis (stomach contents) during a critical and previously unsampled life stage. Stable isotope values (?15N and ?13C) may differentiate between terrestrial and marine sources and integrate over longer time frames (weeks). Diet analysis provides species-specific information, but only from recent foraging (days). Average ?13C for all individuals was ?25.7 ‰, with the smallest individuals possessing significantly depleted ?13C values indicative of a stronger reliance of terrestrial carbon sources as compared to larger individuals. Average ?15N for all individuals was 10.4 ‰, with little variation among individuals. As fish length increased, the proportion of offshore Calanus prey and neritic Mysis prey increased. Rapid young-of-year growth in Arctic cisco appears to use terrestrial carbon sources obtained by consuming a mixture of neritic and offshore zooplankton. Shifts in the magnitude or phenology of river discharge and the delivery of terrestrial carbon may alter the ecology of nearshore fish consumers.

von Biela, Vanessa R.; Zimmerman, Christian E.; Cohn, Brian R.; Welker, Jeffrey M.



King Air flight RICO 2004/12/19 page 1 King Air N2UW flight report for December 19, 2004  

E-print Network

King Air flight ­ RICO ­ 2004/12/19 page 1 King Air N2UW flight report for December 19, 2004 Crew: Fagerstrom, Vali, Oolman, Glover Plan: This was to be the first early morning flight, after the nearstandard 11 am takeoff of the earlier days. Once again, King

Vali, Gabor


Impact of sea-breeze activity on nearshore and foreshore processes in southwestern Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In coastal regions sheltered from the direct impact of swell- and storm-wave activity, locally generated wind waves, particularly those associated with strong sea-breeze activity, play a dominant role in controlling nearshore and foreshore processes. Field data collected from the Perth Metropolitan Coast (western Australia) during a typical summer sea-breeze cycle, are presented. It is demonstrated that the nearshore environment responds rapidly to an increase in wind speed (up to 12 m s -1) during the sea breeze, resulting in considerable changes to the nearshore hydrodynamics and morphology. Incident wave energy increased during the sea breeze and was associated with development of a wind-wave field with significant wave heights up to 0.9 m. Nearshore currents responded to this change in wave climate with the development of net offshore near-bed currents and a rapid increase in the mean longshore current from < 0.05 m s -1 to 1.0 m s -1 A 10-fold increase in suspended sediment concentration and a 100-fold increase in the longshore sand transport resulted from the effects of the sea-breeze system. Erosion of the beachface was coincident with the development of the wind-wave field. Sea breeze wave-driven water circulation also completely eroded beach cusps (wavelength 20-30 m), overwhelmed the rip current system associated with the beach cusps and suppressed the infra-gravity wave frequencies in the incident wave and swash record. The beach cusps reformed after the cessation of the sea breeze. It is demonstrated that the beachface is in a constant stage of adjustment to the incident wave energy through the diurnal sea-breeze cycle alternating between dissipative and reflective morphodynamic regimes. The results may be used to determine the impact of a medium-sized storm on the beachface. It is clear that the sea-breeze system plays a major role in controlling the nearshore and foreshore processes not only in this region, but also on other geographic locations where strong sea breezes are present.

Pattiaratchi, Charitha; Hegge, Bruce; Gould, John; Eliot, Ian



A user-friendly quantitative approach to classifying nearshore marine habitats along a heterogeneous coast  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A scheme, which can be readily used by fisheries and environmental managers and ecologists, has been developed for quantitatively classifying the different habitats found in nearshore marine waters along the heterogeneous lower west coast of Australia. Initially, 25 beach sites, representing a wide range of nearshore environments, were separated into six a priori habitat types on the basis of characteristics that could readily be observed and were likely to influence the extent to which a particular (fish) species occupies a particular habitat. Focus was thus placed on such features as the degree of exposure to wave activity and whether or not seagrass and/or reefs were present in the nearshore vicinity. Subsequently, quantitative data for 27 environmental variables, considered likely to characterise the six habitat types, were obtained for each of the 25 sites from readily accessible sources. When the latter data were subjected to multidimensional scaling (MDS) ordination, the points for the sites representing only three of those six habitat types formed discrete groups. The BVSTEP routine in the PRIMER v5.0 statistical package (Clarke & Gorley, Primer v5.0: User Manual/Tutorial, Primer-E Ltd, Plymouth, 2001) was thus used to select a subset of the 27 environmental variables that would provide a better resolution of the six a priori habitat types. This process involved matching the distance matrix constructed from the quantitative environmental data with a matrix constructed from scored data that reflected the criteria for the initial a priori classification scheme. A subset of seven environmental variables gave the best correlation between the two matrices ( ?=0.823), and thus provided the optimal set of quantitative data for discriminating between the six a priori habitat types. These variables comprised both the direct and north-westerly fetches, the minimum distance from the shoreline to the 2 m depth contour, the distance from the shoreline to the first offshore reef chain along a south-westerly transect, and the relative contributions of bare sand, subtidal reef and seagrass. Data for these characteristics at any nearshore site along the coastline can readily be recorded by managers and ecologists and subjected to the 'nearest-replicate' classification procedure developed in this study to ascertain the habitat type to which that site should be assigned. Current work is using MDS ordination, in conjunction with associated statistical tests and the BVSTEP routine, to elucidate the extent to which the compositions of assemblages of fish, benthic macroinvertebrates, meiofauna and zooplankton in nearshore waters along the lower west coast of Australia are related to habitat type(s).

Valesini, F. J.; Clarke, K. R.; Eliot, I.; Potter, I. C.



Balance : Lancaster County's tragedy  

E-print Network

Lancaster County, Pennsylvania residents are proud of their agricultural heritage. They do not want to see their farmland disappear. But the County continues to be developed into residential subdivisions. This thesis ...

Gingrich, Valerie (Valerie J.)



High-resolution topographic, bathymetric, and oceanographic data for the Pleasure Point Area, Santa Cruz County, California: 2005-2007  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The County of Santa Cruz Department of Public Works and the County of Santa Cruz Redevelopment Agency requested the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Western Coastal and Marine Geology Team (WCMG) to provide baseline geologic and oceanographic information on the coast and inner shelf at Pleasure Point, Santa Cruz County, California. The rationale for this proposed work is a need to better understand the environmental consequences of a proposed bluff stabilization project on the beach, the nearshore and the surf at Pleasure Point, Santa Cruz County, California. To meet these information needs, the USGS-WCMG Team collected baseline scientific information on the morphology and waves at Pleasure Point. This study provided high-resolution topography of the coastal bluffs and bathymetry of the inner shelf off East Cliff Drive between 32nd Avenue and 41st Avenue. The spatial and temporal variation in waves and their breaking patterns at the study site were documented. Although this project did not actively investigate the impacts of the proposed bluff stabilization project, these data provide the baseline information required for future studies directed toward predicting the impacts of stabilization on the sea cliffs, beach and nearshore sediment profiles, natural rock reef structures, and offshore habitats and resources. They also provide a basis for calculating potential changes to wave transformations into the shore at Pleasure Point.

Storlazzi, Curt D.; Barnard, Patrick L.; Collins, Brian D.; Finlayson, David P.; Golden, Nadine E.; Hatcher, Gerry A.; Kayen, Robert E.; Ruggiero, Peter



Percent Uninsured by County  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a county by county visualization of the percentage of residents that are uninsured. The data are from a set available here:



C. Judson King of UC Berkeley  

SciTech Connect

In the middle of the UC Berkeley campus, next to the Main Library, South Hall is the last surviving building from the original campus, founded about 135 years ago. A tiny tree-shaded appendix to this venerated classical building houses Berkeley's Center for Studies in Higher Education, directed by C. Judson King, former Provost and Senior Vice President--Academic Affairs of the ten-campus University of California and long-time Professor of Chemical Engineering at Berkeley. Jud came to Berkeley in 1963 as assistant professor of chemical engineering, following receipt of a doctor's degree from MIT and a subsequent short appointment as director of the MIT chemical engineering practice school station at what was then Esso (now Exxon) in New Jersey. His undergraduate degree is from Yale. Starting with his MIT doctoral dissertation on gas absorption, Jud has devoted much of his professional career to separation processes. His teaching and research activities have been primarily concerned with separation of mixtures with emphasis on liquid-liquid extraction and drying. As a consultant to Procter and Gamble, he contributed to the technology of making instant coffee. His life-long activities in hiking and camping stimulated Jud's interest in the manufacture of freeze-dried foods (e.g. turkey meat) to minimize the weight of his hiking back-pack. Jud is internationally known not only for his many research publications but even more, for his acclaimed textbook ''Separation Processses'' (McGraw-Hill, second edition 1980) that is used in standard chemical engineering courses in the US and abroad.

Prausnitz, John



Spatial pattern of current-driven hits to the nearshore from a major marine fairway in the Gulf of Finland  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The spatial pattern of hits to the nearshore by tracers originating in a major fairway in the Gulf of Finland and transported by surface currents is analysed based on Lagrangian trajectories of water parcels reconstructed using the TRACMASS model from three-dimensional velocity fields by the Rossby Centre circulation model RCO for 1987-1996. The probabilities for a hit to different parts of the nearshore and the ability of different sections of the fairway to serve as starting points of tracers (equivalently, certain type of nearshore pollution) have extensive seasonal variability. The potential of the fairway to impact the nearshore in this manner is roughly inversely proportional to its distance from the nearest coast. A short section of the fairway to the south of Vyborg and a segment to the west of Tallinn are the most probable starting points of tracers. The most frequently hit nearshore areas are short fragments between Hanko and Helsinki, the north-eastern coast of the gulf to the south of Vyborg, and longer segments from Tallinn to Hiiumaa on the southern coast of the gulf.

Viikmäe, Bert; Soomere, Tarmo



Development of multi-year land cover data to assess wildfire impacts to coastal watersheds and the nearshore environment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the Mediterranean ecosystems of coastal California, wildfire is a common disturbance that can significantly alter vegetation in watersheds that transport sediment and nutrients to the adjacent nearshore oceanic environment. We assess the impact of two wildfires that burned in 2008 on land cover and to the nearshore environment along the Big Sur coast in central California. We created a multi-year land cover dataset to assess changes to coastal watersheds as a result of fire. This land cover dataset was then used to model changes in nonpoint source pollutants transported to the nearshore environment. Results indicate post-fire increases in percent export compared to pre-fire years and also link wildfire severity to the specific land cover changes that subsequently increase exports of pollutants and sediment to the nearshore environment. This approach is a replicable across watersheds and also provides a framework for including the nearshore environment as a value at risk terrestrial land management revolving around wildfire, including suppression, thinning, and other activities that change land cover at a landscape scale.

Morrison, Katherine D.


The Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project at Stanford University  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located at Stanford University, the Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project is producing what will almost certainly become the definitive collection of the great civil rights leader's writings. When completed, the fourteen-volume The Papers of Martin Luther King, Jr. will serve as an indispensable reference tool for historians of the civil rights movement. In the meantime, teachers and students can make use of the resources offered at this site. These include a number of full-text primary documents (including the "I Have a Dream" speech and the "I've Been To The Mountaintop" sermon), a general biography, a chronology of King's life, a recommended reading section, and scholarly articles produced by Project staff members (under construction). The Project plans to continually add new documents to the site as they are digitized. Free registration is required to view the papers, and registered users may choose to be informed about future site updates and related events.


Inbreeding, eugenics, and Helen Dean King (1869-1955).  


Helen Dean King's scientific work focused on inbreeding using experimental data collected from standardized laboratory rats to elucidate problems in human heredity. The meticulous care with which she carried on her inbreeding experiments assured that her results were dependable and her theoretical explanations credible. By using her nearly homozygous rats as desired commodities, she also was granted access to venues and people otherwise unavailable to her as a woman. King's scientific career was made possible through her life experiences. She earned a doctorate from Bryn Mawr College under Thomas Hunt Morgan and spent a productive career at the Wistar Institute of Anatomy and Biology in Philadelphia where she had access to the experimental subjects which made her career possible. In this paper I examine King's work on inbreeding, her participation in the debates over eugenics, her position at the Wistar Institute, her status as a woman working with mostly male scientists, and her involvement with popular science. PMID:18348398

Ogilvie, Marilyn Bailey



Naval submarine base Kings Bay and Bangor soil evaluations.  

SciTech Connect

This report provides soil evaluation and characterization testing for the submarine bases at Kings Bay, Georgia, and Bangor, Washington, using triaxial testing at high confining pressures with different moisture contents. In general, the samples from the Bangor and Kings Bay sites appeared to be stronger than a previously used reference soil. Assuming the samples of the material were representative of the material found at the sites, they should be adequate for use in the planned construction. Since soils can vary greatly over even a small site, a soil specification for the construction contractor would be needed to insure that soil variations found at the site would meet or exceed the requirements. A suggested specification for the Bangor and Kings Bay soils was presented based on information gathered from references plus data obtained from this study, which could be used as a basis for design by the construction contractor.

Holcomb, David Joseph; Patteson, Raymond; Wesenberg, Donald L.; Attaway, Stephen W.



The environment of deposition of the Oligocene Burbank sandstone, Tulare Lake field, Kings County, California  

E-print Network

of Tulare Lake field . . . 3 The regional extent of the Burbank sandstone. The Burbank sandstone is truncated to the north and west (7) by unconformities, and merges with the Temblor in the south as seen on seismic lines in the area. Crosshatched areas... and development of the Tulare Lake field, several deep exploratory wells have been drilled in the area. In 1983, Marathon oil plugged the Ladd-Nevada Ave I well. This well was drilled to a depth of 14, 100 ft (4340 m) and was located northwest of production...

Goulet, William Haack



Evaluation of seepage from Chester Morse Lake and Masonry Pool, King County, Washington  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Hydrologic data collected in the Cedar and Snoqualmie River basins on the west slope of the Cascade Range have been analyzed to determine the amount of water lost by seepage from Chester Morse Lake and Masonry Pool and the. consequent gain by seepage to the Cedar and South Fork Snoqualmie Rivers. For water years 1957-64, average losses were about 220 cfs (cubic feet per second) while average gains were about 180 cfs in the Cedar River and 50 cfs in the South Fork Snoqualmie River. Streamflow and precipitation data for water years 1908-26 and 1930-F2 indicate that a change in runoff regimen occurred in Cedar and South Fork Snoqualmie Rivers after the Boxley Creek washout in December 1918. For water years 1919-26 and 1930-32, the flow of Cedar River near Landsburg averaged about 80 cfs less than it would have if the washout had not occurred. In contrast, the flow of South Fork Snoqualmie River at North Bend averaged about 60 cfs more than it would have.

Hidaka, F.T.; Garrett, Arthur Angus



Environmental features, general hydrology, and external sources of nutrients affecting Wilderness Lake, King County, Washington  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A water budget prepared for Wilderness Lake, a candidate for lake-quality restoration, indicates that of the 530 acre-feet of water that enters the lake each year, 170 acre-feet is from precipitation and 360 acre-feet is from groundwater inflow. An equal amount leaves the lake, and of this, 380 acre-feet is by surface runoff, 8 acre-feet is by groundwater seepage, and 140 acre-feet is by evaporation. Based on these amounts of inflow and outflow, the theoretical water-renewal time of the lake is calculated to be 2.6 years. The annual contributions of nitrogen and phosphorus to the lake from precipitation, natural ground water, and septic-tank leachate are about 920 kilograms nitrogen and 38 kilograms phosphorus. Nitrogen and phosphorus contributions from other sources were not assessed but could be significant. (Woodard-USGS)

Dion, N.P.



General hydrology and external sources of nutrients affecting Pine Lake, King County, Washington  

USGS Publications Warehouse

An adjusted water budget prepared for Pine Lake, a candidate for lake-quality restoration, indicates that of approximately 790 acre-feet of water that enters the lake in a typical year, 410 acre-feet is from precipitation, 350 acre-feet is from surface inflow, and 30 acre-feet is from ground-water seepage. A nearly equal amount of water leaves the lake and of this, 130 acre-feet is by evaporation, 659 acre-feet is by surface runoff, and less than one acre-foot is by ground-water seepage. Based on these amounts of inflow and outflow, the theoretical water-renewal time of the lake is calculated to be 2.2 years. The contributions of inorganic nitrogen and phosphorus to the lake in a typical year from precipitation, surface inflow, and ground-water inflow is about 2,500 pounds of nitrogen and 49 pounds of phosphorus. (USGS)

Dion, N.P.; Sumioka, S.S.; Winter, T.C.



Historical Changes to Lake Washington and Route of the Lake Washington Ship Canal, King County, Washington  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Historical shoreline changes to hydrologic characteristics were studied for Lake Washington and the route of Lake Washington Ship Canal. The study is based on comparison of maps made during the period 1875-1907 and modern topographic maps, supplemented with historical documents that describe the once-natural setting of the lakes and streams in the Lake Washington drainage basin. The observed shoreline changes range from minor to substantial. The water-surface area has been historically reduced by about 6 square kilometers, and total shoreline has been reduced by 20 kilometers. Approximately 4 square kilometers of the historical wetland area has been eliminated, or about 93 percent of the natural wetland extent. The changes have resulted from construction of the Lake Washington Ship Canal and accompanying water-level adjustments, shoreline modification from urban growth of the area, and limited natural processes. The map comparison documents (1) extent of shoreline changes (2) historical loss of wetlands area, (3) loss of small streams that historically entered the lakes and bays, and (4) historical vegetation and land-use patterns around the lakeshore and canal route. The identification of historical shorelines, wetlands, and small streams that have no expression on today 's landscape is information of value to land-use planning and local engineering activities. (USGS)

Chrzastowski, Michael J.



Geologic Map of the Poverty Bay 7.5' quadrangle, King and Pierce counties, Washington  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Poverty Bay quadrangle lies near the center of the region?s intensively developing urban core. Less than 20 km north lies the city of Seattle; downtown Tacoma lies just southwest of the quadrangle. The map area expresses much of the tremendous range of Quaternary environments and deposits found throughout the central Puget Lowland. Much of the ground surface is mantled by a rolling surface of glacial till deposited during the last occupation of the Puget Lowland by a great continental ice sheet about 14,000 years ago. A complex sequence of older unconsolidated sediments extends far below sea level across most of the quadrangle, with no bedrock exposures at all.

Booth, Derek B.; Waldron, H.H.; Troost, K.G.



Geology and metallization of the White River Area, King and Pierce Counties, Washington  

SciTech Connect

Bedrock of the White River area is dominated by Miocene age volcanics of andesite to rhyolite composition, which may be in part coeval with plutonic phases of the nearby 26 - 14 m.y. Tatoosh batholith. These volcanic rocks host two spatially distinct and gold-bearing epithermal deposits of the acid-sulfate type that are structurally, temporally, and genetically related to the formation and resurgent magmatic activity at the margin of an early Miocene caldera (22.6 - 19.1 m.y.). The age of hydrothermal activity is 20.4 +/- 0.1 m.y. based on UAr/TZAr analysis of hypogene alunite from the mineralized zone. Hydrothermal alteration and metallization of both deposits is chemically and mineralogically similar and consists of a central core of pervasive silicification that grades outward into zones of advanced argillic, argillic, and propylitic alteration. The largest of the two target areas is defined by a silica capping. Sulfur isotope analyses of cogenetic alunite-pyrite-enargite demonstrate a (34)S of +28.8 per thousand for the alunite-pyrite mineral pair. This large fractionation corroborates other field and mineralogic evidence for the hypogene origin of the alunite, and provides a geologically reasonable isotopic temperature estimate of 190 C for this epithermal deposit. Fold was introduced in at least 3 distinct episodes of structural-hydrothermal activity. The highest concentration of gold is within a zone measuring 1600 by 300-600 feet, and is localized in parts of the similar capping that contain outcrops of matrix-supported explosion breccias and veins having anomalous concentrations of up to 480 ppb Au, 13.7 ppm Ag, 1900 ppm As, 213 ppm Sb, 7.5 ppm Hg, and 10 ppm Mo.

McCulla, M.S.



Bus Fleet Type and Age Replacement Optimization: A case study utilizing King County Metro fleet data  

E-print Network

effective to adopt diesel buses and replace them every 20 years. With an 80% purchase cost FTA subsidy and fuel economy. Fuel price, emissions costs, and initial bus age have little impact on optimal to be considered. In practice, many transit agencies replace their vehicles based on polices derived from rules

Bertini, Robert L.



EPA Science Inventory

The perspectives, information and conclusions conveyed in research project abstracts, progress reports, final reports, journal abstracts and journal publications convey the viewpoints of the principal investigator and may not represent the views and policies of ORD and EPA. Concl...



EPA Science Inventory

The perspectives, information and conclusions conveyed in research project abstracts, progress reports, final reports, journal abstracts and journal publications convey the viewpoints of the principal investigator and may not represent the views and policies of ORD and EPA. Concl...


King County Metro Transit: Allison Hybrid Electric Transit Bus Laboratory Testing  

SciTech Connect

Paper summarizes chassis dynamometer testing of two 60-foot articulated transit buses, one conventional and one hybrid, at NREL's ReFUEL Laboratory. It includes experimental setup, test procedures, and results from vehicle testing performed at the NREL ReFUEL laboratory.

Hayes, R. R.; Williams, A.; Ireland, J.; Walkowicz, K.




E-print Network

Valley. To date, tree survival rates vary from 17 to 96 percent among species, with an overall rate of 62 Valley. Few riparian restoration projects in the San Joaquin Valley have been reported. We present meth, and one cotton- wood tree remained. Since the bypass no longer carries extreme flood flows, stringent

Standiford, Richard B.


Geologic map of southwestern Sequoia National Park, Tulare County, California  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This map shows the geology of 675 km2 (260 mi2) on the west slope of the Sierra Nevada, California, mainly in Sequoia National Park and Sequoia National Forest. It was produced by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) at the request of the National Park Service to complete the geologic map coverage of Kings Canyon and Sequoia National Parks. The area includes the Mineral King 15’ topographic quadrangle (sheet 1) and strips along the east and northeast edges of the Kaweah 15’ topographic quadrangle (sheet 2), both in Tulare County. Mapping was performed mainly on the 1:24,000-scale Mineral King, Silver City, Quinn Peak, Moses Mountain, Case Mountain, and Dennison Peak 7.5’ topographic quadrangle bases. Rocks within the study area are chiefly Cretaceous granites and granodiorites of the Sierra Nevada batholith that intruded coherent masses of Mesozoic metasedimentary and metavolcanic rocks. Quaternary till and talus are the principal surficial deposits, with the exception of a large bouldery alluvial apron near the southwest corner of the map area. The study area includes the headwaters of the Kaweah River (East and South Forks), Tule River (North Fork and North Fork of the Middle Fork), and the Little Kern River. Relief is considerable, with elevations spanning from 1,500 feet along the Middle Fork Kaweah River to 12,432 feet at the summit of Florence Peak along the crest of the Great Western Divide.

Sisson, Thomas W.; Moore, James G.



Large-Scale Spatial Distribution Patterns of Echinoderms in Nearshore Rocky Habitats  

PubMed Central

This study examined echinoderm assemblages from nearshore rocky habitats for large-scale distribution patterns with specific emphasis on identifying latitudinal trends and large regional hotspots. Echinoderms were sampled from 76 globally-distributed sites within 12 ecoregions, following the standardized sampling protocol of the Census of Marine Life NaGISA project ( Sample-based species richness was overall low (<1–5 species per site), with a total of 32 asteroid, 18 echinoid, 21 ophiuroid, and 15 holothuroid species. Abundance and species richness in intertidal assemblages sampled with visual methods (organisms >2 cm in 1 m2 quadrats) was highest in the Caribbean ecoregions and echinoids dominated these assemblages with an average of 5 ind m?2. In contrast, intertidal echinoderm assemblages collected from clearings of 0.0625 m2 quadrats had the highest abundance and richness in the Northeast Pacific ecoregions where asteroids and holothurians dominated with an average of 14 ind 0.0625 m?2. Distinct latitudinal trends existed for abundance and richness in intertidal assemblages with declines from peaks at high northern latitudes. No latitudinal trends were found for subtidal echinoderm assemblages with either sampling technique. Latitudinal gradients appear to be superseded by regional diversity hotspots. In these hotspots echinoderm assemblages may be driven by local and regional processes, such as overall productivity and evolutionary history. We also tested a set of 14 environmental variables (six natural and eight anthropogenic) as potential drivers of echinoderm assemblages by ecoregions. The natural variables of salinity, sea-surface temperature, chlorophyll a, and primary productivity were strongly correlated with echinoderm assemblages; the anthropogenic variables of inorganic pollution and nutrient contamination also contributed to correlations. Our results indicate that nearshore echinoderm assemblages appear to be shaped by a network of environmental and ecological processes, and by the differing responses of various echinoderm taxa, making generalizations about the patterns of nearshore rocky habitat echinoderm assemblages difficult. PMID:21079760

Iken, Katrin; Konar, Brenda; Benedetti-Cecchi, Lisandro; Cruz-Motta, Juan José; Knowlton, Ann; Pohle, Gerhard; Mead, Angela; Miloslavich, Patricia; Wong, Melisa; Trott, Thomas; Mieszkowska, Nova; Riosmena-Rodriguez, Rafael; Airoldi, Laura; Kimani, Edward; Shirayama, Yoshihisa; Fraschetti, Simonetta; Ortiz-Touzet, Manuel; Silva, Angelica



Modeling near-shore subsea permafrost degradation in the Laptev Sea  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Most subsea permafrost in the Arctic Ocean shelf regions is relict terrestrial permafrost that was inundated by sea water by rising sea levels after the last glacial period. Permafrost usually degrades offshore under the influence of sea-bottom temperatures, salt infiltration and a wide range of near-shore coastal processes. Subsea permafrost instability has important potential implications due to the release of methane to the atmosphere and by increasing coastal erosion rates. Our objectives are to employ meso-scale numerical calculations (from meter to kilometer, 1000s of years) in connection with borehole data from the Laptev Sea to model the transition of permafrost from onshore to offshore conditions. The goal is to identify key processes driving permafrost degradation in the near-shore zone of the shelf. The heat transfer equation is solved numerically taking into account freeze-thaw processes in a three-phase heat capacity / conductivity model. Sediment composition and initial temperature profiles are derived from field and laboratory analysis of the borehole data. Our approach neglects some processes such as solute diffusion, but includes the effect of pore water salinity on phase state and thermal properties. Measured temperature profiles are compared to the modeled subsea soil temperature evolution over the course of the 2500 year transgression of the farthest offshore borehole in the transect. The degradation of the ice-bearing permafrost table or thaw depth is of special interest due to its direct relation to sediment stability and as the most readily discernible feature in the field observations. Temperature profiles generally agree well with model calculations reproducing the almost isothermal permafrost profiles currently observed, but show more variation potentially partially caused by drilling disturbances. The thaw depth is mainly driven by salt contamination and infiltration into deeper pore water with time. Complicating near-shore processes discussed include the occurrence of bottom-fast sea ice and marine sedimentation rates.

Kneier, F.; Langer, M.; Overduin, P. P.



Effects of nutrient subsidies from groundwater to nearshore marine ecosystems off the island of Hawaii  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nonconservative fluxes of dissolved nutrients (Si, N and P) in groundwater and nearshore ocean water off two golf courses (Keauhou and Waikoloa) on the west coast of Hawaii were estimated using a one-dimensional mixing model. Groundwater flowing under the Keauhou course discharges into a semi-enclosed embayment with restricted circulation. Leaching of 10% of the N from golf course fertilizer accounted for an increase in groundwater N flux to the bay of 116%; leaching of 1% of the P from fertilizer accounted for an increase in groundwater P flux of 22%. Uptake of Si, N and P was not measurable within the bay; a buoyant surface layer (1 m thick) did not come into contact with benthic communities, and nutrient uptake by plankton was limited to no greater than 2% of the N and P delivered by groundwater flux. At Waikoloa, leaching of N and P from golf course fertilizers accounted for an increase in groundwater nutrient flux to brackish ponds near the coastline of 229% and 400%, respectively. Waikoloa is located on an exposed coastline with substantial turbulent mixing throughout the water column. Nutrient subsidies from golf course fertilizers were not distinguishable from natural groundwater input, and uptake of N in the nearshore zone equaled 80% of the groundwater flux at the shoreline. On a mass delivery basis, natural and anthropogenic nutrient fluxes to the nearshore ocean appear sufficient to cause alteration to community function and structure. Such effects, however, are not solely responses to nutrient loading. Consideration of physical processes, along with use of conservative tracers can provide a practical method for quantifying these effects of man's activities on the ocean.

Dollar, S. J.; Atkinson, M. J.



Seabird use of discards from a nearshore shrimp fishery in the South Atlantic Bight, USA  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Shrimp trawling is common throughout the southeastern and Gulf of Mexico coasts of the USA and is the primary contributor to fisheries discards in these regions. Tens of thousands of nearshore seabirds nest near shrimp trawling grounds in the USA, but to date, there has been no assessment of the relationship between seabirds and shrimp trawlers. We examined the taxonomic composition of bycatch, rate at which seabirds scavenged bycatch, and energy density of discarded bycatch in a nearshore commercial shrimp fishery. Bycatch was primarily comprised of demersal fish that are not typically accessible to the plunge-diving and surface-feeding seabirds that occur in the area. Hence, seabird diets in the region appear to be broadened taxonomically by the availability of discards. Results from discard experiments indicated that 70% of the nearly 5,500 items discarded by hand were scavenged by seabirds and that the fate of a discarded item was most strongly predicted by its taxonomic order. Laughing gulls scavenged the greatest proportion of discards, although brown pelicans were the only species to scavenge more discards than predicted based upon their abundance. Because this is the first such study in the region, it is difficult to ascertain the extent or intensity of the impact that discards have on nearshore seabirds. Nonetheless, our results suggest that it will be difficult for managers to clearly understand fluctuations in local seabird population dynamics without first understanding the extent to which these species rely upon discards. This may be especially problematic in situations where seabird populations are recovering following natural or anthropogenic stressors. ?? 2011 Springer-Verlag.

Jodice, P.G.R.; Wickliffe, L.C.; Sachs, E.B.



Wave-induced mass transport affects daily Escherichia coli fluctuations in nearshore water  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Characterization of diel variability of fecal indicator bacteria concentration in nearshore waters is of particular importance for development of water sampling standards and protection of public health. Significant nighttime increase in Escherichia coli (E. coli) concentration in beach water, previously observed at marine sites, has also been identified in summer 2000 from fixed locations in waist- and knee-deep waters at Chicago 63rd Street Beach, an embayed, tideless, freshwater beach with low currents at night (approximately 0.015 m s–1). A theoretical model using wave-induced mass transport velocity for advection was developed to assess the contribution of surface waves to the observed nighttime E. coli replenishment in the nearshore water. Using average wave conditions for the summer season of year 2000, the model predicted an amount of E. coli transported from water of intermediate depth, where sediment resuspension occurred intermittently, that would be sufficient to have elevated E. coli concentration in the surf and swash zones as observed. The nighttime replenishment of E. coli in the surf and swash zones revealed here is an important phase in the cycle of diel variations of E. coli concentration in nearshore water. According to previous findings in Ge et al. (Environ. Sci. Technol. 2010, 44, 6731–6737), enhanced current circulation in the embayment during the day tends to displace and deposit material offshore, which partially sets up the system by the early evening for a new period of nighttime onshore movement. This wave-induced mass transport effect, although facilitating a significant base supply of material shoreward, can be perturbed or significantly influenced by high currents (orders of magnitude larger than a typical wave-induced mass transport velocity), current-induced turbulence, and tidal forcing.

Ge, Zhongfu; Whitman, Richard L.; Nevers, Meredith B.; Phanikumar, Mantha S.



Atmospheric NO2 dynamics and impact on ocean color retrievals in urban nearshore regions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Urban nearshore regions are characterized by strong variability in atmospheric composition, associated with anthropogenic emissions and meteorological processes that influence the circulation and accumulation of atmospheric pollutants at the land-water interface. If not adequately corrected in satellite retrievals of ocean color, this atmospheric variability can impose a false impression of diurnal and seasonal changes in nearshore water quality and biogeochemical processes. Consideration of these errors is important for measurements from polar orbiting ocean color sensors but becomes critical for geostationary satellite missions having the capability for higher frequency and higher spatial resolution observations of coastal ocean dynamics. We examined variability in atmospheric NO2 over urban nearshore environments in the Eastern US, Europe, and Korea, using a new network of ground-based Pandora spectrometers and Aura-OMI satellite observations. Our measurements in the US and in Europe revealed clear diurnal and day-of-the-week patterns in total column NO2 (TCNO2), temporal changes as large as 0.8 DU within 4 h, and spatial variability as large as 0.7 DU within an area often covered by just a single OMI pixel. TCNO2 gradients were considerably stronger over the coastal cities of Korea. With a coarse resolution and an overpass at around 13:30 local time, OMI cannot detect this strong variability in NO2, missing pollution peaks from industrial and rush hour activities. Observations were combined with air quality model simulations and radiative transfer calculations to estimate the impact of atmospheric NO2 variability on satellite retrievals of coastal ocean remote sensing reflectance and biogeochemical variables (i.e., chlorophyll and CDOM).

Tzortziou, Maria; Herman, Jay R.; Ahmad, Ziauddin; Loughner, Christopher P.; Abuhassan, Nader; Cede, Alexander



Latitudinal Discontinuity in Thermal Conditions along the Nearshore of Central-Northern Chile  

PubMed Central

Over the past decade, evidence of abrupt latitudinal changes in the dynamics, structure and genetic variability of intertidal and subtidal benthic communities along central-northern Chile has been found consistently at 30–32°S. Changes in the advective and thermal environment in nearshore waters have been inferred from ecological patterns, since analyses of in situ physical data have thus far been missing. Here we analyze a unique set of shoreline temperature data, gathered over 4–10 years at 15 sites between 28–35°S, and combine it with satellite-derived winds and sea surface temperatures to investigate the latitudinal transition in nearshore oceanographic conditions suggested by recent ecological studies. Our results show a marked transition in thermal conditions at 30–31°S, superimposed on a broad latitudinal trend, and small-scale structures associated with cape-and-bay topography. The seasonal cycle dominated temperature variability throughout the region, but its relative importance decreased abruptly south of 30–31°S, as variability at synoptic and intra-seasonal scales became more important. The response of shoreline temperatures to meridional wind stress also changed abruptly at the transition, leading to a sharp drop in the occurrence of low-temperature waters at northern sites, and a concurrent decrease in corticated algal biomass. Together, these results suggest a limitation of nitrate availability in nearshore waters north of the transition. The localized alongshore change results from the interaction of latitudinal trends (e.g., wind stress, surface warming, inertial period) with a major headland-bay system (Punta Lengua de Vaca at 30.25°S), which juxtaposes a southern stretch of coast characterized by upwelling with a northern stretch of coast characterized by warm surface waters and stratification. This transition likely generates a number of latitude-dependent controls on ecological processes in the nearshore that can explain species-specific effects, and add strength to the suggestion of an oceanography-driven, major spatial transition in coastal communities at 30–31°S. PMID:25334020

Tapia, Fabian J.; Largier, John L.; Castillo, Manuel; Wieters, Evie A.; Navarrete, Sergio A.



Uranium in the Near-shore Aquatic Food Chain: Studies on Periphyton and Asian Clams  

SciTech Connect

The benthic aquatic organisms in the near-shore environment of the Columbia River are the first biological receptors that can be exposed to groundwater contaminants coming from the U.S. Department of Energy's Hanford Site. The primary contaminant of concern in the former nuclear fuels processing area at the Site, known as the 300 Area, is uranium. Currently, there are no national clean up criteria for uranium and ecological receptors. This report summarizes efforts to characterize biological uptake of uranium in the food chain of the benthic aquatic organisms and provide information to be used in future assessments of uranium and the ecosystem.

Bunn, Amoret L.; Miley, Terri B.; Eslinger, Paul W.; Brandt, Charles A.; Napier, Bruce A.



Latitudinal discontinuity in thermal conditions along the nearshore of central-northern Chile.  


Over the past decade, evidence of abrupt latitudinal changes in the dynamics, structure and genetic variability of intertidal and subtidal benthic communities along central-northern Chile has been found consistently at 30-32°S. Changes in the advective and thermal environment in nearshore waters have been inferred from ecological patterns, since analyses of in situ physical data have thus far been missing. Here we analyze a unique set of shoreline temperature data, gathered over 4-10 years at 15 sites between 28-35°S, and combine it with satellite-derived winds and sea surface temperatures to investigate the latitudinal transition in nearshore oceanographic conditions suggested by recent ecological studies. Our results show a marked transition in thermal conditions at 30-31°S, superimposed on a broad latitudinal trend, and small-scale structures associated with cape-and-bay topography. The seasonal cycle dominated temperature variability throughout the region, but its relative importance decreased abruptly south of 30-31°S, as variability at synoptic and intra-seasonal scales became more important. The response of shoreline temperatures to meridional wind stress also changed abruptly at the transition, leading to a sharp drop in the occurrence of low-temperature waters at northern sites, and a concurrent decrease in corticated algal biomass. Together, these results suggest a limitation of nitrate availability in nearshore waters north of the transition. The localized alongshore change results from the interaction of latitudinal trends (e.g., wind stress, surface warming, inertial period) with a major headland-bay system (Punta Lengua de Vaca at 30.25°S), which juxtaposes a southern stretch of coast characterized by upwelling with a northern stretch of coast characterized by warm surface waters and stratification. This transition likely generates a number of latitude-dependent controls on ecological processes in the nearshore that can explain species-specific effects, and add strength to the suggestion of an oceanography-driven, major spatial transition in coastal communities at 30-31°S. PMID:25334020

Tapia, Fabian J; Largier, John L; Castillo, Manuel; Wieters, Evie A; Navarrete, Sergio A



The Archaeology of Smuggling and the Falmouth King's Pipe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article demonstrates the potential of an historical archaeology of smuggling and the value of an interdisciplinary approach to the study of smuggling and its prevention. By exploring the previously unstudied history of the King’s Pipe in Falmouth, a large chimney used for the destruction of tobacco, a rare survivor of many that once existed in England’s port cities, it demonstrates that archaeology could transform our understanding of smuggling and its prevention, and more broadly the history of crime and punishment in eighteenth century England.

Willis, Sam



Dragon-Kings, Black-Swans and Prediction (Invited)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Extreme fluctuations or events are often associated with power law statistics. Indeed, it is a popular belief that "wild randomness'' is deeply associated with distributions with power law tails characterized by small exponents. In other words, power law tails are often seen as the epitome of extreme events (the "Black Swan'' story). Here, we document in very different systems that there is life beyond power law tails: power laws can be superseded by "dragon-kings'', monster events that occur beyond (or changing) the power law tail. Dragon-kings reveal hidden mechanisms that are only transiently active and that amplify the normal fluctuations (often described by the power laws of the normal regime). The goal of this lecture is to catalyze the interest of the community of geophysicists across all fields of geosciences so that the "invisible gorilla" fallacy may be avoided. Our own research illustrates that new statistics or representation of data are often necessary to identify dragon-kings, with strategies guided by the underlying mechanisms. Paradoxically, the monsters may be ignored or hidden by the use of inappropriate analysis or statistical tools that amount to cut a mamooth in small pieces, so as to lead to the incorrect belief that only mice exist. In order to stimulate further research, we will document and discuss the dragon-king phenomenon on the statistics of financial losses, economic geography, hydrodynamic turbulence, mechanical ruptures, avalanches in complex heterogeneous media, earthquakes, and epileptic seizures. The special status of dragon-kings open a new research program on their predictability, based on the fact that they belong to a different class of their own and express specific mechanisms amplifying the normal dynamics via positive feedbacks. We will present evidence of these claims for the predictions of material rupture, financial crashes and epileptic seizures. As a bonus, a few remarks will be offered at the end on how the dragon-king phenomenon allows us to understand the present World financial crisis as underpinned in two decades of successive financial and economic bubbles, inflating the mother of all bubbles with new monster dragon-kings at the horizon. The consequences in terms of a new "normal" are eye-opening. Ref: D. Sornette, Dragon-Kings, Black Swans and the Prediction of Crises, International Journal of Terraspace Science and Engineering 1(3), 1-17 (2009) ( and (

Sornette, D.



King's Theory of Goal Attainment: Exploring Functional Status.  


Imogene King's Theory of Goal Attainment provides a schema for nurses interested in functional status. However, the lack of a uniform definition for functional status has hindered development of a concise understanding of this phenomenon. Functional status is particularly important to nurses who are concerned with the safety and wellbeing of clients. With healthcare's increased focus on client-family-centered care it is important to develop innovative approaches for evaluating functional status that incorporate the client-family perspective. King's focus on mutual decision-making is an underutilized resource that can provide great insight into the study and understanding of functional status. PMID:25805388

Caceres, Billy A



Survey of radiological contaminants in the near-shore environment at the Hanford Site 100-N Area reactor  

SciTech Connect

Past operations at the Hanford Site 100-N Area reactor resulted in the release of radiological contaminants to the soil column, local groundwater, and ultimately to the near-shore environment of the Columbia River. In September 1997, the Washington State Department of Health (WDOH) and the Hanford Site Surface Environmental Surveillance Project (SESP) initiated a special study of the near-shore vicinity at the Hanford Site`s retired 100-N Area reactor. Environmental samples were collected and analyzed for radiological contaminants ({sup 3}H, {sup 90}Sr, and gamma/ emitters), with both the WDOH and SESP analyzing a portion of the samples. Samples of river water, sediment, riverbank springs, periphyton, milfoil, flying insects, clam shells, and reed canary grass were collected. External exposure rates were also measured for the near-shore environment in the vicinity of the 100-N Area. In addition, samples were collected at background locations above Vernita Bridge.

Van Verst, S.P.; Albin, C.L. [Washington State Dept. of Health, Olympia, WA (United States); Patton, G.W.; Blanton, M.L.; Poston, T.M.; Cooper, A.T.; Antonio, E.J. [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States)



Antihemorrhagin in the blood serum of king cobra ( Ophiophagus hannah): purification and characterization  

Microsoft Academic Search

King cobra (Ophiophagus hannah) serum was found to possess antihemorrhagic activity against king cobra hemorrhagin. The activity was stronger than that in commercial king cobra antivenom. An antihemorrhagin has been purified by ion exchange chromatography, affinity chromatography and gel filtration with a 22-fold purification and an overall yield of 12% of the total antihemorrhagic activity contained in crude serum. The

Lawan Chanhome; Orawan Khow; Tamotsu Omori-Satoh; Visith Sitprija



The king mackerel (Scomberomorus ca-valla),a westernAtlantic member of the  

E-print Network

684 The king mackerel (Scomberomorus ca- valla),a westernAtlantic member of the family ScombridaeVries and Grimes, 1997). King mackerel sup- port valuable commercial and recre- ational fisheries by quota was implemented in the 1985­86 fishing year. The current management regime for king mackerel


AbstractA total of 1006 king mack erel (Scomberomorus cavalla) repre  

E-print Network

satellites revealed two weakly divergent "genetic" subpopulations or stocks of king mackerel in Florida boundaries used currently for stock assessment and allocation of the king mackerel resource, were nonsig with either geographic or spatial-temporal boundaries. King mackerel sampled from the Florida Keys could


David King oral history interview by Terry Howard, March 11, 2010  

Microsoft Academic Search

Oral history interview with charter boat captain David King. King, who has been fishing since he was a child, is the owner of Little Adam Charters; he also owns a Subway shop. Before getting his captain's license in 1988, he also worked as a commercial fisherman. As an enthusiast of bottom fishing, Oculina Bank was one of King's favorite fishing

Harry David King; Terry Lee Howard



Black Swans, Dragons-Kings and Prediction Black Swan (Cygnus atratus)  

E-print Network

Black Swans, Dragons-Kings and Prediction Black Swan (Cygnus atratus) Didier;12 2008 FINANCIAL CRISIS #12;Crises are not but "Dragon-kings" Dragon-king hypothesis #12;Black Swan story;17 Traditional emphasis on Daily returns do not reveal any anomalous events Financial crashes as "Black swans



Microsoft Academic Search

n its thirtieth anniversary season, the Alabama Shakespeare Festival produced one play never before performed at the Festival, Shakespeare's King John; and Julius Caesar, last performed in 1991. King John was performed in the 250-seat Octagon Theatre, while Julius Caesar was performed in the larger 750-seat Festival Stage. While Howard Jensen of Indiana University directed King John and Kent Thompson,

Craig Barrow


The Kingdom of God in the Thought of Martin Luther King, Jr  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis is written primarily to show the strong foundation which King's religious thought gives to his social activism and his nonviolent resistance. To do so the thesis first shows how King's religious thought can be most fully seen within the context of the religious concept of the Kingdom of God. As the outline of King's religious thought develops, it

Duane Eugene Hix



20th Anniversary of the Martin Luther King Jr. Celebration at UNH featuring Nikki Giovanni  

E-print Network

20th Anniversary of the Martin Luther King Jr. Celebration at UNH featuring Nikki Giovanni January the life, work, service, and sacrifice of the Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. This anniversary together." Sincerely, JerriAnne Boggis, Chair UNH Martin Luther King Jr. Celebration Planning Committee All

New Hampshire, University of


BERKELEY SUMMER SESSIONS The Political Philosophy of Martin Luther King, Jr.  

E-print Network

BERKELEY SUMMER SESSIONS The Political Philosophy of Martin Luther King, Jr. (African American Studies 124, Summer Session 2014) About the Course Course Description The life of Martin Luther King, Jr: Simon and Schuster, 1988. Carson, Clayborne (ed.)., The Autobiography of Martin Luther King, Jr. New

Jacobs, Lucia


Henry David Thoreau, Martin Luther King Jr., and the American Tradition of Protest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Maintains that Henry David Thoreau and Martin Luther King, Jr. fundamentally altered the tradition of protest and reform. Compares and contrasts the role of each man in U.S. social and constitutional history. Concludes that while Thoreau lacked the broad influence of King, his writings influenced both King and Mohandas Gandhi. (CFR)

Powell, Brent



South Florida Boca Raton residents commemorate King's legacy in Pearl  

E-print Network

and Sing" rang through Pearl City, where early Monday the community celebrated Martin Luther King Jr victory is won." About 50 people gathered at the Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial in front of Ebenezer the event. "It brings people together so we can live the dream of Dr. Martin Luther King." Rebekah Monson

Belogay, Eugene A.


Martin Luther King, Jr. Parade & Freedom Through Education University of California, San Diego  

E-print Network

Martin Luther King, Jr. Parade & Freedom Through Education · University of California, San Diego the legacy of Martin Luther King, Jr. · Bus transportation to/from campus will be provided · Meet at Sun God______________________________ Please Print UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Name of Class or Activity: _Martin Luther King Jr

Russell, Lynn



E-print Network

Page | 1 DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING JR SCHOLARSHIP APPLICATION- 2013 $1,000-$2, 500 Scholarships Applications for the 2013 Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Scholarships ("MLK Scholarships") may now be submitted society comparable to the impact of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.? The theme provides latitude for expansion

Loudon, Catherine


Let Freedom Ring: The Life & Legacy of Martin Luther King, Jr. [Lesson Plan].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This lesson plan teaches students about the life and work of Martin Luther King, Jr. Students listen to a brief biography, view photographs of the March on Washington, and read a portion of King's "I Have a Dream" speech. After studying Dr. King's use of imagery and allusion, students create original poetic phrases about freedom and illustrate…

National Endowment for the Humanities (NFAH), Washington, DC.


Portrait of a transformational leader: the legacy of Dr Martin Luther King Jr  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the leadership of Dr Martin Luther King Jr in relation to four characteristics of transformational leadership Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper draws upon excerpts from archival sources of personal correspondence and statements by Dr Martin Luther King Jr stored at the King Center, Atlanta, Georgia. Findings – The research finds that

David McGuire; Kate Hutchings



Austin-Area Hotel Map E Martin Luther King Jr. Blvd.  

E-print Network

14 35 45 42 44 36 33 37 18 19 5 11 15 13 8 6 4 10 3 A #B E Martin Luther King Jr. Blvd. Airport The University of Texas at Austin Undergraduate Admissions Center Southeast corner of Martin Luther King Blvd Luther King, 78702 512-479-4000 or 800-222-8733 10. Intercontinental Stephen F. Austin Hotel 701 Congress

Hofmann, Hans A.


UCSF School of Pharmacy and King's College London embark on international partnership  

E-print Network

UCSF School of Pharmacy and King's College London embark on international partnership March 21, 2014 The UC San Francisco School of Pharmacy and the King's College London Institute of Pharmaceutical at the UCSF School of Pharmacy · Professor Clive Page at the King's College London Institute of Pharmaceutical

Soloveichik, David


Reading Stephen King: Issues of Censorship, Student Choice, and Popular Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of essays grew out of the "Reading Stephen King Conference" held at the University of Maine in 1996. Stephen King's books have become a lightning rod for the tensions around issues of including "mass market" popular literature in middle and high school English classes and of who chooses what students read. King's fiction is among…

Power, Brenda Miller, Ed.; Wilhelm, Jeffrey D., Ed.; Chandler, Kelly, Ed.


Love, Justice, and Natural Law: On Martin Luther King, Jr. and Human Rights  

E-print Network

1 Love, Justice, and Natural Law: On Martin Luther King, Jr. and Human Rights Vincent W. Lloyd that this is where King contributes to discussions of human rights, through his rhetoric of natural law which, in its human rights "theory") can be renewed. King's rhetoric of natural law is particularly potent, and has

Doyle, Robert


Ugiuvangmiut Quliapyuit = King Island Tales. Eskimo History and Legends from Bering Strait.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The collection of native tales from King Island, Alaska, contains tales told originally in Inupiaq Eskimo by seven native elders. Introductory sections provide background information on the storytellers, King Island Village and its people, traditional life there, and the language of the King Islanders. The 25 tales are divided into groups: "The…

Kaplan, Lawrence D., Ed.


Queen Conch (Strombus gigas) Testis Regresses during the Reproductive Season at Nearshore Sites in the Florida Keys  

PubMed Central

Background Queen conch (Strombus gigas) reproduction is inhibited in nearshore areas of the Florida Keys, relative to the offshore environment where conchs reproduce successfully. Nearshore reproductive failure is possibly a result of exposure to environmental factors, including heavy metals, which are likely to accumulate close to shore. Metals such as Cu and Zn are detrimental to reproduction in many mollusks. Methodology/Principal Findings Histology shows gonadal atrophy in nearshore conchs as compared to reproductively healthy offshore conchs. In order to determine molecular mechanisms leading to tissue changes and reproductive failure, a microarray was developed. A normalized cDNA library for queen conch was constructed and sequenced using the 454 Life Sciences GS-FLX pyrosequencer, producing 27,723 assembled contigs and 7,740 annotated transcript sequences. The resulting sequences were used to design the microarray. Microarray analysis of conch testis indicated differential regulation of 255 genes (p<0.01) in nearshore conch, relative to offshore. Changes in expression for three of four transcripts of interest were confirmed using real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. Gene Ontology enrichment analysis indicated changes in biological processes: respiratory chain (GO:0015992), spermatogenesis (GO:0007283), small GTPase-mediated signal transduction (GO:0007264), and others. Inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry analysis indicated that Zn and possibly Cu were elevated in some nearshore conch tissues. Conclusions/Significance Congruence between testis histology and microarray data suggests that nearshore conch testes regress during the reproductive season, while offshore conch testes develop normally. Possible mechanisms underlying the testis regression observed in queen conch in the nearshore Florida Keys include a disruption of small GTPase (Ras)-mediated signaling in testis development. Additionally, elevated tissue levels of Cu (34.77 ng/mg in testis) and Zn (831.85 ng/mg in digestive gland, 83.96 ng/mg in testis) nearshore are similar to reported levels resulting in reproductive inhibition in other gastropods, indicating that these metals possibly contribute to NS conch reproductive failure. PMID:20856805

Spade, Daniel J.; Griffitt, Robert J.; Liu, Li; Brown-Peterson, Nancy J.; Kroll, Kevin J.; Feswick, April; Glazer, Robert A.; Barber, David S.; Denslow, Nancy D.



Regional Lead Agents and County Coordinators 2011 RESPONSIBILITY NAME COUNTY  

E-print Network

Lead Millie Davenport HGIC County Coordinator Matt Burns Pickens County Coordinator Marty Watt Anderson Coordinator TBD Hampton #12;REGION 9 Regional Lead Bob Guinn Beaufort County Coordinator Alta Mae Marvin

Bolding, M. Chad


Distribution and abundance of larval fish in the nearshore waters of western Lake Huron  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Ichthyoplankton was collected at 17 nearshore (bottom depth greater than or equal to 5 m but less than or equal to 10 m) sites in western Lake Huron during 1973-75 with a 0.5-m net of 351-micron mesh towed at 99 m/min. Larvae of rainbow smelt (Osmerus mordax) dominated late spring and early summer catches and larvae of alewives (Alosa pseudoharengus) the midsummer catches. Larval yellow perch (Perca flavescens) were caught in early summer but were rarely the dominant species. The time of spawning and hatching, and thus occurrence of larvae, differed between areas but was less variable for alewives than for yellow perch. The appearance of larvae in Saginaw Bay was followed successively by their appearance in southern, central, and northern Lake Huron. Rainbow smelt were most abundant in northern Lake Huron and yellow perch and alewives in inner Saginaw Bay. Densities of either rainbow smelt or alewives occasionally exceeded 1/mA?, whereas those of yellow perch never exceeded 0.1/mA?. Abundance of alewives was usually highest 1 to 3 m beneath the surface and that of rainbow smelt 2 to at least 6 m beneath the surface. Important nursery areas of rainbow smelt were in bays and off irregular coastlines and those of yellow perch were in bays. All nearshore waters seemed equally important as nursery areas of alewives.

O'Gorman, Robert



Error Evaluation of Near-shore Bathymetry Using the Single Beam Echo Sounder  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

By using the single-beam echo sounder or the multi-beam echo sounder to investigate the near-shore bathymetry, its measurement has been limited by a series of errors caused by positioning, vehicle's attitude, acoustic speed variation, and some others. The main problem of bathymetry by using single-beam echo sounder is from lack of full coverage of the sounding beams illuminating the survey area of interesting. In addition, in the every ends of the survey lines especially when approaching the coast line, the turning will cause ship tilt to one side making a predicted but uncorrectable error. It is the reason that surveyors will choose a multi-beam echo sounder for the measurement when bathymetry coverage and accuracy are considered. However, at shallow depths less than 5 meters, as example, the high risk of multi-beam's transducers colliding with the ocean bottom will lower the willingness in using a multi-beam sounder due to high-priced of the transducers. Therefore, the single beam sounders have been the main instrument to measure near-shore under water topography in the industry. This study is to understand sounding deviation causing by the turning of the survey ship, such that we can analyze and control the errors to improve the accuracy of measurement using the single beam echo sounder in the shallow waters.

Hsu, M.; Song, G.



Stratified turbulence in the nearshore coastal ocean: Dynamics and evolution in the presence of internal bores  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

High-frequency measurements of stratified turbulence throughout the water column were collected over a 2 week period in the nearshore environment of southern Monterey Bay, CA, using a cabled observatory system and an underwater turbulence flux tower. The tower contained a vertical array of acoustic Doppler velocimeters and fast-response conductivity-temperature sensors, providing a nearly continuous data set of turbulent velocity and density fluctuations and a unique look into the stratified turbulence field. The evolution of various turbulence quantities and direct measurements of the vertical turbulent diffusivity is examined in the presence of nearshore internal bores, both in the near-bed region and in the stratified interior. We show that individual bores can drive substantial changes in local turbulence and mixing dynamics, with considerable differences between the leading and trailing edges of the bores. Using direct observations of the flux Richardson number, our measurements confirm previous observations that show the highest mixing efficiencies (?) occurring in regions of buoyancy-controlled turbulence. Parameterizations of the flux Richardson number as a function of the turbulence activity number are also presented. Finally, we demonstrate that the commonly used assumption of a constant mixing efficiency (? = 0.2) for calculating turbulent diffusivities leads to significant overestimates compared to diffusivity values calculated using the directly measured mixing efficiency. Implications of the results are discussed.

Walter, Ryan K.; Squibb, Michael E.; Woodson, C. Brock; Koseff, Jeffrey R.; Monismith, Stephen G.



Trophic connections in Lake Superior Part II: the nearshore fish community  

USGS Publications Warehouse

We use detailed diet analyses of the predominant planktivorous, benthivorous and piscivorous fish species from Lake Superior to create a nearshore (bathymetric depths Mysis diluviana and Diporeia spp). Although the piscivorous fishes like lean lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush) fed to a lesser extent on Diporeia and Mysis, they were still strongly connected to these macroinvertebrates, which were consumed by their primary prey species (sculpin spp., rainbow smelt Osmerus mordax, and coregonines). The addition of Bythotrephes to summer/fall cisco and lake whitefish diets, and the decrease in rainbow smelt in lean lake trout diets (replaced by coregonines) were the largest observed differences relative to historic Lake Superior diet studies. Although the offshore food web of Lake Superior was simpler than nearshore in terms of number of fish species present, the two areas had remarkably similar food web structures, and both fish communities were primarily supported by Mysis and Diporeia. We conclude that declines in Mysis or Diporeia populations would have a significant impact on energy flow in Lake Superior. The food web information we generated can be used to better identify management strategies for Lake Superior.

Gamble, A.E.; Hrabik, T.R.; Yule, D.L.; Stockwell, J.D.



Monitoring and modeling nearshore dredge disposal for indirect beach nourishment, Ocean Beach, San Francisco  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Nearshore dredge disposal was performed during the summer of 2005 at Ocean Beach, San Francisco, CA, a high energy tidal and wave environment. This trial run was an attempt to provide a buffer to a reach of coastline where wave attack during the winter months has had a severe impact on existing sewage infrastructure. Although the subsequent beach response was inconclusive, after one year the peak of the disposal mound had migrated ~100 m toward the shore, providing evidence that annual dredge disposal at this site could be beneficial over the long-term by at the very least providing: 1) additional wave dissipation during storms 2) compatible sediment to feed nearshore bars, 3) sediment cover on an exposed sewage outfall pipe, and 4) a viable alternative to the shoaling offshore disposal site. Numerical modeling suggests that despite the strong tidal currents in the region, wave forcing is the dominant factor moving the sediment slowly toward shore, and placing sediment at just slightly shallower depths (e.g. 9 m) in the future would have a more immediate impact.

Barnard, Patrick L.; Hanes, Daniel M.; Lescinski, Jamie; Elias, Edwin



Determination of dominant nearshore hydrodynamic forcing adjacent to a tidal inlet and submerged artificial reef  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An 18 month field monitoring program was conducted to determine the impact of a submerged narrow crested artificial reef, located seaward of the surf zone and immediately adjacent to a tidal inlet, on nearshore beach profile evolution. Observed structure settlement and scour zones adjacent to the structure are analyzed though the use of wind, wave, current, and tidal measurements obtained over two independent time periods, each of one week duration. Complex interactions of wind, wave, and tidal elevation were found to generate a flood dominated current structure in the vicinity of the reef. Due to the complexity of the forcing mechanisms a qualitative analysis of the impact of the structure on nearshore hydrodynamics was performed. The structure was found to reduce the magnitude of the near bottom cross-shore currents. However, structure-induced vertical currents combined with flood dominant tidal currents provides a mechanism to initiate near-structure scour and settlement. In an effort to quantitatively analyze the fluid-structure interactions, a methodology was developed to determine the relative magnitudes of the measured wind, wave, and tidal forcings. The frequency distribution of energy density in the tidal elevation and current records provides insight into nonlinear interactions present in the data set. Decomposing the record into independent forcing terms allowed the development of an empirical model which indicates that linear and nonlinear interactions between the wave amplitude and water depth were found to dominate the forcing of the observed currents.

Herrington, Thomas Oliver, Jr.


A system for measuring bottom profile, waves and currents in the high-energy nearshore environment  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A new data-acquisition system capable of measuring waves, currents and the nearshore profile in breaking waves as high as 5 m has been developed and successfully field-tested. Components of the mechanical system are a sled carrying a vertical mast, a double-drum winch placed landward of the beach, and a line that runs from one drum of the winch around three blocks, which are the corners of a right triangle, to the other drum of the winch. The sled is attached to the shore-normal side of the triangular line arrangement and is pulled offshore by one drum of the winch and onshore by the other. The profile is measured as the sled is towed along the shore-normal transect using an infrared rangefinder mounted landward of the winch and optical prisms mounted on top of the sled's mast. A pressure sensor and two-axis electromagnetic current meter are mounted on the frame of the sled. These data are encoded on the sled and telemetered to a receiving/recording station onshore. Preliminary results suggest that near-bottom offshore-flowing currents during periods of high-energy swell are important in forcing changes to the configuration of the nearshore profile. ?? 1983.

Sallenger, A.H., Jr.; Howard, P.C.; Fletcher, C. H., III; Howd, P.A.




E-print Network

KING FAHD UNIVERSITY OF PETROLEUM & MINERALS Dhahran, Saudi Arabia Basic Properties of Reservoir Rocks By Dr. Sidqi A. Abu-Khamsin Professor, Department of Petroleum Engineering © Copyright by Dr. INTRODUCTION 1 1.1 The nature of petroleum 1 1.2 The petroleum reservoir 1 1.3 Significance of rock properties

Abu-Khamsin, Sidqi


Directed and multi-directed animals on the King's lattice  

E-print Network

Directed and multi-directed animals on the King's lattice Axel Bacher LIPN, Universit´e Paris Nord directed animals on this lattice using a bijection with Viennot's heaps of pieces. We also define and enumerate a superclass of directed animals, the elements of which are called multi-directed animals

Paris-Sud XI, Université de


Cocktail-party effect in king penguin colonies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The king penguin, Aptenodytes patagonicus, breeds without a nest in colonies of several thousands of birds. To be fed, the chick must recognize the parents in a particularly noisy environment using only vocal cues. The call an adult makes when seeking the chick is emitted at a high amplitude level. Nevertheless, it is transmitted in a colonial context involving the

Thierry Aubin; Pierre Jouventin




E-print Network

FEDERALISM ASSESSMENT FOR THE COMMERCIAL KING AND TANNER CRAB FISHERIES IN THE BERING SEA AND OPINIONS OF ALL U.S. RESIDENTS . . . . . . . 12 5.0 FEDERALISM ISSUES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 A, issue of the FEDERAL REGISTER published E.O. 12612, the Executive Order on Federalism which became


Population dynamics of king eiders breeding in northern Alaska  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The North American population of king eiders (Somateria spectabilis) has declined by more than 50% since the late 1970s for unknown reasons. King eiders spend most of their lives in remote areas, forcing managers to make regulatory and conservation decisions based on very little information. We incorporated available published estimates of vital rates with new estimates to build a female, stage-based matrix population model for king eiders and examine the processes underlying population dynamics of king eiders breeding at 2 sites, Teshekpuk and Kuparuk, on the coastal plain of northern Alaska and wintering around the Bering Sea (2001–2010). We predicted a decreasing population (? = 0.981, 95% CI: 0.978–0.985), and that population growth was most sensitive to changes in adult female survival (sensitivity = 0.92). Low duckling survival may be a bottleneck to productivity (variation in ducking survival accounted for 66% of retrospective variation in ?). Adult survival was high (0.94) and invariant (? = 0.0002, 95% CI: 0.0000–0.0007); however, catastrophic events could have a major impact and we need to consider how to mitigate and manage threats to adult survival. A hypothetical oil spill affecting breeding females in a primary spring staging area resulted in a severe population decline; although, transient population dynamics were relatively stable. However, if no catastrophic events occur, the more variable reproductive parameters (duckling and nest survival) may be more responsive to management actions.

Bentzen, Rebecca L.; Powell, Abby N.



Free workshops at King's Museum and the Special Collections Centre  

E-print Network

Thursdays 10am/12.30pm (1 hour 45 minutes) King's Museum: Death on the Nile What do real Egyptian scarab beetles look like up close? How many shabti statues would a Queen have in her tomb? How easy is it to wrap

Levi, Ran


A “City at War”: Commemorating Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study uses fantasy theme analysis to examine public discourse that emerged from a Midwestern town's attempt to commemorate Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. The essay examines “Letters to the Editor” to (a) reveal the fantasy themes that represent the writers' consciousness and possibly that of the larger community and (b) to discuss the themes' rhetorical implications for public memory

Beth A. Messner; Mark T. Vail



A Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Curriculum: Playing the Dream.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses curriculum for young children centered around the beliefs and teachings of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. His works are interpreted in a human rights context in which children find their voice in the peaceable resolution of everyday conflicts. Describes the Child of the Day program. (Author/RWB)

Clemens, Sydney Gurewitz



Martin Luther King Jr.: The Crozer Seminary Years.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As an undergraduate at Morehouse College, Martin Luther King Jr. was not a strong student, although he excelled in oratory, but in his years at Crozer Theological Seminary in Pennsylvania he applied himself to become a straight-A student. The development of his theological perspective is described. (SLD)

Carson, Clayborne



King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals Electical Engineering Department  

E-print Network

15 16 May 26 ­ 30 June 1 - 3 Lab final Textbook : Microwave Enginering by Pozar; RefferenceKing Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals Electical Engineering Department EE 407-Microwave Engineering (Term 062) Instructor: Dr. Sheikh Sharif Iqbal Subject : EE 407-1 Room: 59-2023 Office : Room: 59

Iqbal, Sheikh Sharif


Avermectin induced inflammation damage in king pigeon brain.  


To determine the effect of Avermectin (AVM) on inflammation damage in king pigeon brain, eighty two-month-old American king pigeons were randomly divided into four groups, and were fed with either commercial diet or AVM-supplemented diet containing 20 mg kg(-1)diet, 40 mg kg(-1)diet, and 60 mg kg(-1)diet AVM for 30, 60 and 90 d, respectively. Then, the expression level of inflammatory factors (iNOS, PTGEs, NF-?B), histological damage, and ultra-structural damage were examined. It showed that AVM caused higher expressions (P<0.05) of iNOS, PTGEs, NF-?B with disorganized histological and ultra-structural structures in cerebrum, cerebellum, and optic lobe. Meanwhile, inflammatory and histopathological damage were induced by AVM in king pigeon brains. In addition, the main targeted organelle in nervous system was mitochondria, which indicated that mitochondria may be relevant to the process of inflammation induced by AVM. To our best knowledge, this is the first report to study the toxic effect of AVM on inflammatory damage in king pigeon. Thus, the information presented in this study is believed to be helpful in supplementing data for further AVM toxicity study. PMID:24134892

Chen, Li-Jie; Sun, Bao-Hong; Qu, Jian Ping; Xu, Shiwen; Li, Shu



Obtuse Triangle Suppression in Anisotropic Meshes , Yi-King Choia  

E-print Network

Obtuse Triangle Suppression in Anisotropic Meshes Feng Suna , Yi-King Choia , Wenping Wanga , Dong, No.49, Zhichun Road, Haidian District, Beijing, 100190, China Abstract Anisotropic triangle meshes, and in these applications it is desirable to have as few obtuse triangles as possible to reduce the discretization error. We


Photocopying Damage Overstated; King Research Surveys Provide Use Figures.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses report titled "Libraries, Publishers, and Photocopying: Final Report of Surveys Conducted for the United States Copyright Office," by King Research, Inc. Six surveys of library photocopying in general, specific recording by an interlibrary request log, publishers, and library users as they use copying machines are described. (EJS)

Henderson, Madeline M.



King's College London Services for Students Medical Self Assessment form  

E-print Network

this form to advise Accommodation Services of any diagnosed medical circumstances which has severe/long term as a medical exception include a diagnosed mobility and sensory circumstances, disabilities, severe long term1 King's College London Services for Students Medical Self Assessment form Please complete

Applebaum, David



E-print Network

KING FAHD UNIVERSITY OF PETROLEUM AND MINERALS DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Physics 102 - General Physics theory of gases; Coulomb's law; the electric field; Gauss' law; electric potential; capacitors-requisite: MATH 102 3) Textbook: "Fundamentals of Physics", by Halliday, Resnick and Walker, Ninth Edition, John

Mekki, Abdelkarim



E-print Network

KING FAHD UNIVERSITY OF PETROLEUM AND MINERALS DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Physics 102 - General Physics theory of gases; Coulomb's law; the electric field; Gauss' law; electric potential; capacitors-requisite: MATH 102 3) Textbook: "Fundamentals of Physics", by Halliday, Resnick and Walker, Eighth Edition, John

Mekki, Abdelkarim


Skull Size and Intelligence, and King Robert Bruce's IQ  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An estimate of someone's IQ is a potentially informative personal datum. This study examines the association between external skull measurements and IQ scores, and uses the resulting regression equation to provide an estimate of the IQ of King Robert I of Scotland (Robert Bruce, 1274-1329). Participants were 48 relatively healthy Caucasian men…

Deary, Ian J.; Ferguson, Karen J.; Bastin, Mark E.; Barrow, Geoffrey W. S.; Reid, Louise M.; Seckl, Jonathan R.; Wardlaw, Joanna M.; MacLullich, Alasdair M. J.



Publication List for Carey W. King November 17, 2013  

E-print Network

: Assessment of Mexico for Improved Water Services and Renewable Energy, Environment, Development.W., Stillwell, A.S., Twomey, K.M., and Webber, M.E., Coherence between water and energy policies, Natural T., King, Carey W., Stillwell, Ashlynn S., and Webber, Michael E., Clean Energy and Water

Yang, Zong-Liang


Evolution of king crabs from hermit crab ancestors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

KING crabs (Family Lithodidae) are among the world's largest arthropods, having a crab-like morphology and a strongly calcified exoskeleton1-6. The hermit crabs, by contrast, have depended on gastropod shells for protection for over 150 million years5,7. Shell-living has constrained the morphological evolution of hermit crabs by requiring a decalcified asymmetrical abdomen capable of coiling into gastropod shells and by preventing crabs from growing past the size of the largest available shells1-6. Whereas reduction in shell-living and acquisition of a crab-like morphology (carcinization) has taken place independently in several hermit crab lineages, and most dramatically in king crabs1-6, the rate at which this process has occurred was entirely unknown2,7. We present molecular evidence that king crabs are not only descended from hermit crabs, but are nested within the hermit crab genus Pagurus. We estimate that loss of the shell-living habit and the complete carcinization of king crabs has taken between 13 and 25 million years.

Cunningham, C. W.; Blackstone, N. W.; Buss, L. W.



Influence of the sea-ice edge on the Arctic nearshore environment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Coasts form the dynamic interface of the terrestrial and oceanic systems. In the Arctic, and in much of the world, the coast is a zone of relatively high population, infrastructure, biodiversity, and ecosystem services. A significant difference between Arctic and temperate coasts is the presence of sea ice. Sea ice influences Arctic coasts in two main ways: (1) the length of the sea ice-free season controls the length of time over which nearshore water can interact with the land, and (2) the sea ice edge controls the fetch over which storm winds can blow over open water, resulting in changes in nearshore water level and wave field. The resulting nearshore hydrodynamic environment impacts all aspects of the coastal system. Here, we use satellite records of sea ice along with a simple model for wind-driven storm surge and waves to document how changes in the length and character of the sea ice-free season have impacted the nearshore hydrodynamic environment. For our sea ice analysis we primarily use the Bootstrap Sea Ice Concentrations from Nimbus-7 SMMR and DMSP SSM/I-SSMIS. We make whole-Arctic maps of sea ice change in the coastal zone. In addition to evaluating changes in length of the sea ice-free season at the coast, we look at changes segmented by azimuth. This allows us to consider changes in the sea ice in the context of the wind field. For our storm surge and wave field analysis we focus on the Beaufort Sea region. This region has experienced some of the greatest changes in both sea ice cover and coastal erosion rates in the Arctic and is anticipated to experience significant change in the future. In addition, the NOAA ESRL GMD has observed the wind field at Barrow since extends to 1977. In our past work on the rapid and accelerating coastal erosion, we have shown that one may model storm surge with a 2D numerical bathystrophic model, and that waves are well represented by the Shore Protection Manual methods for shallow-water fetch-limited waves. We use these models to explore the effect of increasing fetch on water level set up and wave generation. As increasing the fetch is one of the main effects of the changing sea ice cover, this allows us to connect changes in the sea ice cover to changes in the nearshore hydrodynamic environment. The long wind record allows for us to investigate changes in extreme wind and associated storm events. Preliminary analysis of Barrow and Drew Point indicate that at Drew Point the sea ice-free season has expanded by ˜17 days/decade while at Barrow it has expanded by ˜22 days/decade. We find the increase in the number of days when the sea ice edge is far away from the coast makes up a large proportion of the total increase in the duration of the sea ice-free season. For these days the sea ice edge does not provide a limit on the fetch over which water level set up and waves are generated.

Barnhart, K. R.; Overeem, I.; Anderson, R. S.



Effects of OsteoKing on osteoporotic rabbits.  


Heng?Gu?Gu?Shang?Yu?He?Ji, also known as OsteoKing, is used as a herbal Traditional Chinese Medicine for the treatment of bone disease, including femoral head necrosis and osteoarthritis. However, whether OsteoKing has anti?osteoporotic properties has remained to be elucidated. The purpose of the present study was therefore to investigate the effects of OsteoKing on ovariectomy?induced osteoporosis in rabbits. Female New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into an ovariectomized (OVX) group and a sham?surgery group. The rabbits in the OVX group were subjected to an ovariectomy, while the rabbits in the sham group were subjected to the removal of an area of fat near the two ovaries. Bone mineral density, mechanical properties, serum biochemical parameters and micro?architecture were examined at 150 days post?OVX to characterize the experimental animal model. Once the osteoporotic rabbit model had been established, the rabbits in the OVX group were divided into the following groups: Model group, nilestriol group and 300 and 600 mg/kg OsteoKing groups, containing 16 rabbits in each group. OsteoKing and nilestriol were administered orally. The bone mineral density, mechanical properties, serum biochemical parameters, histology and micro?architecture were examined using dual?energy X?ray absorptiometric analysis, mechanical assessments, enzyme?linked immunosorbent assays, histopathological evaluation and micro?computerized tomography examination following 60 days and 120 days of treatment, respectively. Treatment with OsteoKing led to an elevation in the bone mineral density of the vertebra and serum phosphorus levels, reduced serum concentrations of osteocalcin, procollagen type ? N?terminal peptide, tartrate?resistant acid phosphatase 5b and cross?linked N?telopeptide of type ? collagen, improved mechanical properties (maximum load, stiffness and energy absorption capacity), and micro?architecture of the lumbar vertebra in the OVX osteoporotic rabbit model following treatment for 120 days. In conclusion, it was demonstrated that OsteoKing is effective in the prevention of estrogen deficiency?associated bone loss and may be a promising drug for the treatment of post?menopausal osteoporosis. PMID:25815520

Dai, Lifen; Wu, Haiying; Yu, Shan; Zhao, Hongbin; Xue, Lanjie; Xu, Ming; Shen, Zhiqiang; Hu, Min



Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Day Essay Contest 2011 In Dr King's book Where Do We Go from Here: Chaos or Community, written in 1967 he set forth a plan  

E-print Network

Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Day Essay Contest 2011 In Dr King's book Where Do We Go from Here for better jobs, higher wages, decent housing, and quality education. Dr. King believed that 1967 administration should take into consideration as they bring in this new era of change. In light of Dr. King

Logan, David


Pontotoc County Government Summer  

E-print Network

Pontotoc County Government Summer Youth Internship Program June 17 - 21, 2013 Sponsored By Government Summer Youth Internship Program June 17-21, 2013 Who: Youth ages 14-19 who attend a Pontotoc 24, 2013. What: Learn About YOUR Pontotoc County Government. Youth will spend time in each

Balasundaram, Balabhaskar "Baski"


Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. EAD Subcommittee Report: An Analysis of Big Ten University 2009 MLK, Jr. Celebrations  

E-print Network

1 Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. EAD Subcommittee Report: An Analysis of Big Ten, and Diversity Committee (EAD) created the EAD Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Subcommittee, or "MLK Calendar," "MLK Day of Service," as well as "Martin Luther King, Jr.," Martin Luther King, Jr. Events

Thomas, David D.


Human Progress Never Rolls in on Wheels of Inevitability: Biographies of Martin Luther King, Jr., in the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents resources for teaching about Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Outlines criteria for selecting biographies for children and young adults. Identifies problems in certain biographies of King, and recommends high quality biographies of King. Discusses exercises for integrating themes from King's life into the classroom. (RW)

Kazemek, Francis E.



India and South Africa: comparisons, confluences, contrasts October 5th-6th 2012 Anatomy Museum, King's College London  

E-print Network

, King's College London Friday October 5th 9.15 Welcome Address: Javed Majeed (King's College London) and Sunil Khilnani (King's College London) 9.30-11.00 `Gandhi, Nehru, Socrates': Phiroze Vasunia (University Hilton (University of KwaZulu-Natal) Chair: Edith Hall (King's College London) 11.00-11.30 Tea

Applebaum, David


Continuing Education for County Officials The duties and responsibilities of county government  

E-print Network

Continuing Education for County Officials The duties and responsibilities of county government, the V.G. Young Institute of County Government provides continuing education programs for local government officials, including county judges and commissioners, county treasurers, county and district


A nearshore–offshore trend in acritarch distribution from the Early–Middle Ordovician of the Yangtze Platform, South China  

Microsoft Academic Search

The stratigraphical interval of the late Early Ordovician Didymograptus deflexus and the early Middle Ordovician Azygograptus suecicus graptolite Biozones was investigated from seven sections from the upper Yangtze Platform, southern China. These are located on different parts of the platform, between the nearshore environments of the Kunming area, Yunnan Province, and the offshore carbonate shelf of the Yichang area, Hubei

Jun Li; Thomas Servais; Kui Yan; Huaicheng Zhu



int. j. remote sensing, 1998, vol. 19, no. 6, 1161 1178 Nearshore circulation and synthetic aperture radar  

E-print Network

the selection of optimal sites for sewage discharge pipes and prediction of the trajectories of oil spills and toxic algal blooms. It is not unusual for nearshore currents to exceed 1 m sÃ? 1 and sea-level to vary

Kelley, Dan


Near?shore distribution and abundance of dolphins along the West Coast of the South Island, New Zealand  

Microsoft Academic Search

Compared to other stretches of the New Zealand coast, very little is known about the cetacean fauna off the West Coast of the South Island. The purpose of this paper is to describe the near?shore distribution and abundance of dolphins in that area by summarising the results of two major studies. Between February 1995 and February 1997, 97 day trips

Stefan Brager; Karsten Schneider




EPA Science Inventory

This report presents the results of a survey of larval fish in the nearshore zone of the central basin of Lake Erie from Conneaut to Sandusky, Ohio. Larval fish were sampled at 10 transects during each of 8 cruise periods between 2 May and 9 August 1978. Concentrations of fish la...


Model Experiments On Waves And Nearshore Currents Around Floating Wave Power Plant In Coastal Waters In Comparison With Detached Breakwater  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper deals with i) the roles of floating wave power plant in the control of environment of coastal waters for coastal fisheries, i i) experimental investigation of physical characteristics,i.e. waves and nearshore currents induced by waves around a model of floating wave power plant on inclined bottom comparing with those around a model of detached breakwater from the viewpoints

Naomi Kato; Takeaki Miyazaki



Modeling ground thermal conditions and the limit of permafrost within the nearshore zone of the Mackenzie Delta, Canada  

E-print Network

of the Mackenzie Delta, Canada Christopher W. Stevens,1 Brian J. Moorman,2 and Steve M. Solomon3 Received 29 May water within the nearshore zone of the Mackenzie Delta. Field and modelbased data were used to determine estimates of contemporary permafrost distribution for shallow water regions of the outer Mackenzie Delta

Moorman, Brian


Recent advances in modeling swash zone dynamics: Influence of surf-swash interaction on nearshore hydrodynamics and morphodynamics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The role of the swash zone in influencing the whole nearshore dynamics is reviewed with a focus on the interaction between surf and swash zone processes. Local and global hydromorphodynamic phenomena are discussed in detail, and a description of the overall swash zone operation is given. The effects of swash zone boundary conditions are highlighted, together with the importance of

M. Brocchini; T. E. Baldock



Occurrence of Escherichia coli and Enterococci in Cladophora (Chlorophyta) in Nearshore Water and Beach Sand of Lake Michigan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Each summer, the nuisance green alga Cladophora (mostly Cladophora glomerata) amasses along Lake Michigan beaches, creating nearshore anoxia and unsightly, malodorous mats that can attract problem animals and detract from visitor enjoyment. Traditionally, elevated counts of Escherichia coli are presumed to indicate the presence of sewage, mostly derived from nearby point sources. The relationship between fecal indicator bacteria and Cladophora

Richard L. Whitman; Dawn A. Shively; Heather Pawlik; Meredith B. Nevers; Muruleedhara N. Byappanahalli



Pressure-gradient-driven nearshore circulation on a beach influenced by a large inlet-tidal shoal system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The nearshore circulation induced by a focused pattern of surface gravity waves is studied at a beach adjacent to a major inlet with a large ebb tidal shoal. Using a coupled wave and wave-averaged nearshore circulation model, it is found that the nearshore circulation is significantly affected by the heterogeneous wave patterns caused by wave refraction over the ebb tidal shoal. The model is used to predict waves and currents during field experiments conducted near the mouth of San Francisco Bay and nearby Ocean Beach. The field measurements indicate strong spatial variations in current magnitude and direction and in wave height and direction along Ocean Beach and across the ebb tidal shoal. Numerical simulations suggest that wave refraction over the ebb tidal shoal causes wave focusing toward a narrow region at Ocean Beach. Due to the resulting spatial variation in nearshore wave height, wave-induced setup exhibits a strong alongshore nonuniformity, resulting in a dramatic change in the pressure field compared to a simulation with only tidal forcing. The analysis of momentum balances inside the surf zone shows that, under wave conditions with intensive wave focusing, the alongshore pressure gradient associated with alongshore nonuniform wave setup can be a dominant force driving circulation, inducing heterogeneous alongshore currents. Pressure-gradient-forced alongshore currents can exhibit flow reversals and flow convergence or divergence, in contrast to the uniform alongshore currents typically caused by tides or homogeneous waves.

Shi, F.; Hanes, D. M.; Kirby, J. T.; Erikson, L.; Barnard, P.; Eshleman, J.



Physiography, surficial sediments and Quaternary stratigraphy of the inner continental shelf and nearshore region of the Gulf of Maine  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The western margin of the Gulf of Maine is a bedrock-framed, glaciated continental shelf that has only recently been geologically mapped. The bathymetry is divisible into four physiographic areas: nearshore basins, shelf valleys, rocky zones, and outer basins. The nearshore basins are largely floored by mud except near rock outcrops where shelly gravel occurs. Shelf valleys extend seaward from nearshore basins and estuaries and generally possess less sediment than nearshore basins. Abundant exposures of Pleistocene sediment with rippled substrates suggest that contemporary reworking is occurring. Rocky zones are the most abundant physiographic area and include both exposed bedrock and glacial gravel outcrops. Shell material produced by organisms living on or near rocks is common both in the rocky zones and in abutting environments. The outer basin begins at a depth of about 60 m and extends beyond the 100 m isobath. This area is occasionally bordered on its landward side by the late Quaternary lowstand shoreline. Below this shoreline thicker deposits of sediment exist, while all environments landward were reworked by a regression and transgression of the sea. ?? 1991.

Kelley, J.T.; Belknap, D.F.



LECTURA Y DISCUSIN DE UN ARTCULO CIENTFICO "Killer Whale Predation on Sea Otters Linking Oceanic and Nearshore Ecosystems"  

E-print Network

LECTURA Y DISCUSI�N DE UN ARTÍCULO CIENTÍFICO "Killer Whale Predation on Sea Otters Linking Oceanic que aquí se presenta? #12;Killer Whale Predation on Sea Otters Linking Oceanic and Nearshore overhunting, sea otter populations are in abrupt decline over large areas of western Alaska. Increased killer

Seoane, Javier


Development of an Integrated Assessment of Great Lakes Using Towed in situ Sensor Technologies: Linking Nearshore Conditions with Adjacent Watersheds  

EPA Science Inventory

Coastal and nearshore regions of the US/Canadian Great Lakes have not been included in monitoring efforts in any regular, consistent, or comprehensive fashion. To address this need, we have been developing a survey strategy using towed in situ sensors to provide spatially-compreh...



EPA Science Inventory

To identify ecological interactions among Green Bay coastal wetlands and lake habitats we analyzed stable isotope signatures of organismsa from wetland and adjacent nearshore food webs in Green Bay, Lake Michigan. We were interested in the influence of nutrient loading/trophic st...


Day Versus Night Electrofishing Catches from NearShore Waters of the Ohio and Muskingum Rivers1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Day and night electrofishing catches were compared for sampling effectiveness and diel movements offish to and from near-shore waters of the Ohio and Muskingum rivers. Standardized methods were used to collect same-day paired samples by sampling during the day, displacing the catch, and resampling after twilight. Night catches contained significantly higher numbers of species, individuals (excluding Dorosoma cepedianum), weight, and




Experimental Monitoring of Mixed Sand and Mud Sediment in the Nearshore Area of Santa Cruz, California  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An experiment conducted in late March of 2001 along the beaches and nearshore of Santa Cruz, California consisted of three phases: pre-experiment, experiment, and post-experiment. In the pre- and post-experimental phases, high-resolution side scan sonar and multibeam bathymetry data were collected to produce maps describing surface sediments and depth changes of the seafloor near the Santa Cruz Harbor. Offshore and beach sediment samples were collected three weeks prior to and after the experiment to analyze for changes in grain size and to provide physical evidence of seafloor substrate. Experimental monitoring consisted of daily beach and offshore sediment sampling. Oceanographic data including swell direction, height, and period were obtained from buoys offshore. Rainfall and stream flow data from the nearby San Lorenzo River were recorded during all phases of the project. Our sedimentological studies of materials dredged from the upper Santa Cruz Harbor, California suggest that sediment containing approximately 40% sand and 60% mud can be disposed in the surf zone without adversely affecting the quality of neighboring beaches or offshore rocky habitats while simultaneously replenishing sand to eroding beaches downcoast. A small amount of the mud-rich material (about 2300 m3) was placed into the surf-zone during the winter of 2000-2001 to determine the retention of sands in the nearshore zone and the impact that fine-grain (mud) sediment may have on rocky habitats. The beaches and other nearshore environments near the disposal site of the Santa Cruz Small Craft Harbor appear to be unchanged by the disposed harbor sediments. The data indicates that little change in sediment grain size or distribution has occurred. This is most likely due to the high-energy nature of this coastline, which results in suspension of silts and clays until they reach lower energy, deeper water offshore outside of the study area. The sand fraction of the disposed sediment was likely transported to the southeast in littoral drift and may replenish downcoast beaches.

Watt, S. G.; Greene, H. G.



Influence of tides and waves on the fate of nutrients in a nearshore aquifer: Numerical simulations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A numerical investigation is presented that demonstrates the influence of tides and waves on the transport and transformation of nutrients (NO3-, NH4+, PO43-) in a homogeneous unconfined nearshore aquifer and subsequent fluxes to the sea. Simulations of an aquifer subject to semi-diurnal tides and constant waves acting on a sloping beach face were conducted using SEAWAT-2005 combined with PHT3D v2.10. Tidal amplitude (A) and wave height (Hrms) varying from 0.25 to 0.75 m and 1 to 2 m, respectively, were examined. Results show that tides and waves modify the subsurface discharge pathway of land-derived nutrients by changing the nearshore groundwater flow dynamics. More importantly, the oceanic forcing impacts nutrient cycling as it causes significant seawater exchange (along with dissolved O2 and organic matter) across the aquifer-ocean interface. Although steady wave forcing caused higher seawater influx, tides led to greater seawater-freshwater mixing in the nearshore aquifer and subsequently greater transformation of land-derived nutrients. Nutrient processing was strongly controlled by the availability and reactivity of marine dissolved organic matter (DOM) as its degradation consumed O2, released inorganic N and P, and altered redox conditions in the salt-freshwater mixing zones. For the conditions and reaction network simulated, nutrient regeneration by marine DOM degradation was independent of the seawater-freshwater mixing intensity, and therefore was greatest for the wave case due to the high seawater influx. For simulations without marine DOM considered, NO3- discharge to the sea increased by 32% for the tidal case (A = 0.5 m) compared to only 13% and 8% for the wave (Hrms = 1 m) and no oceanic forcing cases. With labile marine DOM considered, the NO3- discharge decreased by 90% relative to the land-derived flux for the tidal case (A = 0.5 m). For all simulations PO43- removal was high due to its adsorption to Fe oxide minerals. The model enables evaluation of the complex coupled physical-biogeochemical processes controlling nutrient loading to the sea via submarine groundwater discharge in dynamic coastal environments.

Anwar, N.; Robinson, C.; Barry, D. A.



Near-shore hypoxia in the Chesapeake Bay: Patterns and relationships among physical factors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Near-shore, shallow waters in the Chesapeake Bay periodically experience episodes of anoxia or severe hypoxia during summer. In order to examine the severity and temporal pattern of hypoxia, and environmental factors that may lead to such episodes, dissolved oxygen, salinity and temperature were measured at 15-min intervals during the summers of 1987 and 1988 in a western shore oyster bed. Bottom dissolved oxygen concentrations averaged lower at a 4-m site than at a 2-m site. At the 4-m site, dissolved oxygen concentrations dropped below 2 mg l -1 during approximately 40% of days and below 1 mg l -1 during approximately 10% of days each summer. However, diel fluctuations in oxygen concentrations were sufficiently large that even on days of the most severe oxygen minima, dissolved oxygen concentrations always reached or exceeded a level tolerable by most estuarine organisms during some part of the day. During episodes of severe hypoxia on the western shore of the Chesapeake Bay, oxygen minima (1) coincided with increased salinities and ebb tides, (2) were preceded by winds from the S-SSE (minima of ?0·5 1 mg l -1) or SW (minima of 0·6-1·1 mg l -1), and (3) were reached during 22.00-06.00 hours. Severe hypoxia at the study site therefore appeared to result from intrusions of bottom water, which were most effectively driven by southerly winds. Tidal currents were required to provide the final force that brought deep water close to shore. The diel pattern of intrusions is most likely caused by winds, which were often either too strong or had too weak a southerly component to permit intrusions (without near-shore mixing and reaeration) to occur during afternoon-early evening hours, and the diel periodicity of tides. Short-term fluctuations in temperature and salinity were not as great as fluctuations in dissolved oxygen when compared to seasonal fluctuations of each parameter. For many organisms, short-term fluctuations in temperature and salinity may therefore be less likely to influence the habitability of areas such as the near-shore Chesapeake Bay than are similar duration fluctuations in dissolved oxygen concentrations.

Breitburg, Denise L.



Southwest Washington littoral drift restoration—Beach and nearshore morphological monitoring  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A morphological monitoring program has documented the placement and initial dispersal of beach nourishment material (280,000 m3) placed between the Mouth of the Columbia River (MCR) North Jetty and North Head, at the southern end of the Long Beach Peninsula in southwestern Washington State. A total of 21 topographic surveys and 8 nearshore bathymetric surveys were performed between July 11, 2010, and November 4, 2011. During placement, southerly alongshore transport resulted in movement of nourishment material to the south towards the MCR North Jetty. Moderate wave conditions (significant wave height around 4 m) following the completion of the nourishment resulted in cross-shore sediment transport, with most of the nourishment material transported into the nearshore bars. The nourishment acted as a buffer to the more severe erosion, including dune overtopping and retreat, that was observed at the northern end of the study area throughout the winter. One year after placement of the nourishment, onshore transport and beach recovery were most pronounced within the permit area and to the south toward the MCR North Jetty. This suggests that there is some long-term benefit of the nourishment for reducing erosion rates locally, although the enhanced recovery also could be due to natural gradients in alongshore transport causing net movement of the sediment from north to south. Measurements made during the morphological monitoring program documented the seasonal movement and decay of nearshore sand bars. Low-energy conditions in late summer resulted in onshore bar migration early in the monitoring program. Moderate wave conditions in the autumn resulted in offshore movement of the middle bar and continued onshore migration of the outer bar. High-energy wave conditions early in the winter resulted in strong cross-shore transport and creation of a 3-bar system along portions of the coast. More southerly wave events occurred later in the winter and early spring and coincided with the complete loss of the outer bar and net loss of sediment from the study area. These data suggest that bar decay may be an important mechanism for exporting sediment from Benson Beach north to the Long Beach Peninsula. The measurements presented in this report represent one component of a broader monitoring program designed to track the movement of nourishment material on the beach and shoreface at this location, including continuous video monitoring (Argus), in situu measurements of hydrodynamics, and a physical tracer experiment. Field data from the monitoring program will be used to test numerical models of hydrodynamics and sediment transport and to improve the capability of numerical models to support regional sediment management.

Stevens, Andrew W.; Gelfenbaum, Guy; Ruggiero, Peter; Kaminsky, George M.



A Quick Response Forecasting Model of Pathogen Transport and Inactivation in Near-shore Regions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Modeling methods supporting water quality assessments play a critical role by facilitating people to understand and promptly predict the potential threat of waterborne bacterial pathogens pose to human health. A mathematical model to describe and predict bacterial levels can provide foundation for water managers in making decisions on whether a water system is safe to open to the public. The inactivation (decay or die-off) rate of bacteria is critical in a bacterial model by controlling bacterial concentration in waters and depends on numerous factors of hydrodynamics, meteorology, geology, chemistry and biology. Transport and fate of waterborne pathogens in fresh water systems is an essentially three-dimensional problem, which requires a coupling of hydrodynamic equations and transport equations that describe the pathogen and suspended sediment dynamics. However, such an approach could be very demanding and time consuming from a practical point of view due to excess computational efforts. Long computation time may lead people unintentionally drinking or swimming in the contaminated water during the period before the predictive results of water quality come out. Therefore, it is very necessary to find a quick-response model to forecast bacterial concentration instantly to protect human health without any delay. Nearshore regions are the most commonly and directly used area for people in a huge water system. The prior multi-dimensional investigations of E. Coli and Enterococci inactivation in literature indicate that along-shore current predominated the nearshore region. Consequently, the complex dynamic conditions may be potentially simplified to one-dimensional scenario. In this research, a one-dimensional model system coupling both hydrodynamic and bacterial transport modules is constructed considering different complex processes to simulate the transport and fate of pathogens in nearshore regions. The quick-response model mainly focuses on promptly forecasting purpose and will be verified and calibrated with the available data collected from southern Lake Michigan. The modeling results will be compared with those from prior multi-dimensional models. This model is specifically effective for the outfall-controlled waters, where pathogens are primarily predominated by loadings from nearby tributaries and tend to show wide variations in concentrations.

Liu, L.; Fu, X.



Modeling the impacts of wildfire on runoff and pollutant transport from coastal watersheds to the nearshore environment.  


Wildfire is a common disturbance that can significantly alter vegetation in watersheds and affect the rate of sediment and nutrient transport to adjacent nearshore oceanic environments. Changes in runoff resulting from heterogeneous wildfire effects are not well-understood due to both limitations in the field measurement of runoff and temporally-limited spatial data available to parameterize runoff models. We apply replicable, scalable methods for modeling wildfire impacts on sediment and nonpoint source pollutant export into the nearshore environment, and assess relationships between wildfire severity and runoff. Nonpoint source pollutants were modeled using a GIS-based empirical deterministic model parameterized with multi-year land cover data to quantify fire-induced increases in transport to the nearshore environment. Results indicate post-fire concentration increases in phosphorus by 161 percent, sediments by 350 percent and total suspended solids (TSS) by 53 percent above pre-fire years. Higher wildfire severity was associated with the greater increase in exports of pollutants and sediment to the nearshore environment, primarily resulting from the conversion of forest and shrubland to grassland. This suggests that increasing wildfire severity with climate change will increase potential negative impacts to adjacent marine ecosystems. The approach used is replicable and can be utilized to assess the effects of other types of land cover change at landscape scales. It also provides a planning and prioritization framework for management activities associated with wildfire, including suppression, thinning, and post-fire rehabilitation, allowing for quantification of potential negative impacts to the nearshore environment in coastal basins. PMID:25549866

Morrison, Katherine D; Kolden, Crystal A



Dynamics of oxygen depletion in the nearshore of a coastal embayment of the southern Benguela upwelling system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Acquisition of high resolution time series of water column and bottom dissolved oxygen (DO) concentrations inform the dynamics of oxygen depletion in St Helena Bay in the southern Benguela upwelling system at several scales of variability. The bay is characterized by seasonally recurrent hypoxia (<1.42 ml l-1) associated with a deep pool of oxygen-depleted water and episodic anoxia (<0.02 ml l-1) driven by the nearshore (<20 m isobath) decay of red tide. Coastal wind forcing influences DO concentrations in the nearshore through its influence on bay productivity and the development of red tides; through shoreward advection of the bottom pool of oxygen-depleted water as determined by the upwelling-downwelling cycle; and through its control of water column stratification and mixing. A seasonal decline in bottom DO concentrations of ˜1.2 ml l-1 occurs with a concurrent expansion of the bottom pool of oxygen depleted water in St Helena Bay. Upwelling of this water into the nearshore causes severe drops in DO concentration (<0.2 ml l-1), particularly during end-of-season upwelling, resulting in a significant narrowing of the habitable zone. Episodic anoxia through the entire water column is caused by localized degradation of red tides within the confines of the shallow nearshore environment. Oxygenation of the nearshore is achieved by ventilation of the water column particularly with the onset of winter mixing. No notable changes are evident in comparing recent measures of bottom DO concentrations in St Helena Bay to data collected in the late 1950s and early 1960s.

Pitcher, Grant C.; Probyn, Trevor A.; du Randt, Andre; Lucas, Andrew. J.; Bernard, Stewart; Evers-King, Haley; Lamont, Tarron; Hutchings, Larry



Bridging Brown County Case Study Bridging Brown County Case Study  

E-print Network

Bridging Brown County Case Study Bridging Brown County Case Study Connecting Communities Capacity 4 Collaboration 4 Networking 4 Community Vitality 4 Social Capital #12;Bridging Brown County Case, in 1998 a tornado caused severe damage in parts of the county. As Katie assisted groups and coordinated

Minnesota, University of


76 FR 12306 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, Imperial County, Kern County, and Ventura...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...County, and Ventura County; Air Pollution Control Districts AGENCY: Environmental...revisions to the Imperial County Air Pollution Control District (ICAPCD), Kern County Air Pollution Control District...



LANDSAT survey of near-shore ice conditions along the Arctic coast of Alaska  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The author has identified the following significant results. Winter and spring near-shore ice conditions were analyzed for the Beaufort Sea 1973-77, and the Chukchi Sea 1973-76. LANDSAT imagery was utilized to map major ice features related to regional ice morphology. Significant features from individual LANDSAT image maps were combined to yield regional maps of major ice ridge systems for each year of study and maps of flaw lead systems for representative seasons during each year. These regional maps were, in turn, used to prepare seasonal ice morphology maps. These maps showed, in terms of a zonal analysis, regions of statistically uniform ice behavior. The behavioral characteristics of each zone were described in terms of coastal processes and bathymetric configuration.

Stringer, W. J. (principal investigator); Barrett, S. A.



Southwest Washington Littoral Drift Restoration Project: Beach and Nearshore Morphological Monitoring  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Shoreline change along the southwest Washington and northwest Oregon coast responds to both natural and anthropogenic drivers at a range of temporal and spatial scales. Within the last century, human interventions, primarily the construction of large jetties at the entrance to the Columbia River, have been the dominant driver of nearshore morphology and shoreline change in this area. These jetties caused the inlet to narrow and deepen, the ebb-tidal delta to migrate offshore into deeper water, and adjacent shorelines to first accrete then erode over distances of tens of kilometers and time scales of decades. Shoreline change modeling suggests that reduced local sediment supply owing to these morphological changes is causing a deficit of sand feeding the shoreline, especially in the region of Benson Beach, just north of the mouth of the Columbia River. One of the goals of the Southwest Washington Littoral Drift Restoration (SW LDR) project is to assess the long-term viability of placing dredged material from the mouth of the Columbia River (MCR) directly on Benson Beach to supplement the littoral sediment budget. The SW LDR will be one of the largest beach nourishment projects in the Pacific Northwest, with approximately 200,000 - 400,000 m3 of dredged material being placed on Benson Beach during the summer of 2010. Extensive monitoring and modeling efforts are underway to evaluate the effectiveness of the project and to develop morphodynamic modeling tools to inform future Regional Sediment Management decisions. Overall project components include Argus beach monitoring, measurements of nearshore waves and currents, deployment of a sand tracer, morphodynamic modeling, and a morphological monitoring program. The primary purpose of the morphological monitoring program, and the focus for this presentation, is to track the response of beach and nearshore areas during and after the sand placement. Bathymetric data, collected using Personal Watercraft (PWCs) equipped with Real-time Kinematic (RTK) GPS and single-beam sonar systems, are merged with topographic measurements made with RTK GPS mounted on backpacks and on an all-terrain vehicle. A baseline survey was performed on July 11-12, 2010 to characterize beach and nearshore morphology prior to sand placement that began on July 31, 2010. The baseline survey reveals a large outer sand bar (~ 2 m amplitude) at -5 m depth, numerous shallow sand bars and swash bars, and a broad low-sloping dissipative beach. Two subsequent surveys, collected August 10th and 25th have begun to detect both background change (onshore migration of the outer bar) and movement of the placed sand. The majority of observed changes occur on the beach and in shallow areas (> -5 m), with no significant changes offshore of the outer bar. Initial analysis suggests southerly longshore transport of the nourishment sand driven by waves predominantly from the NW during the first phase of the monitoring. Additional surveys in the fall will continue to monitor the fate of the nourishment and help to assess whether anticipated changes in wave direction and magnitude force sediment offshore and northward as expected.

Gelfenbaum, G. R.; Stevens, A. W.; Ruggiero, P.; Kaminsky, G. M.



The Performance of Nearshore Dredge Disposal at Ocean Beach, San Francisco, California, 2005-2007  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Ocean Beach, California, contains an erosion hot spot in the shadow of the San Francisco ebb tidal delta that threatens valuable public infrastructure as well as the safe recreational use of the beach. In an effort to reduce the erosion at this location a new plan for the management of sediment dredged annually from the main shipping channel at the mouth of San Francisco Bay was implemented in May 2005 by the United States Army Corps of Engineers, San Francisco District (USACE). The USACE designated a temporary nearshore dredge disposal site for the annual disposal of about 230,000 m3 (300,000 yd3) of sand about 750 m offshore and slightly south of the erosion hot spot, in depths between approximately 9 and 14 m. The site has now been used three times for a total sediment disposal of about 690,000 m3 (about 900,000 yds3). The disposal site was chosen because it is in a location where strong tidal currents and open-ocean waves can potentially feed sediment toward the littoral zone in the reach of the beach that is experiencing critical erosion, as well as prevent further scour on an exposed outfall pipe. The onshore migration of sediment from the target disposal location might feed the primary longshore bar or the nearshore zone, and provide a buffer to erosion that peaks during winter months when large waves impact the region. The United States Geological Survey (USGS) has been monitoring and modeling the bathymetric evolution of the test dredge disposal site and the adjacent coastal region since inception in May 2005. This paper reports on the first 2.5 years of this monitoring program effort (May 2005 to December 2007) and assesses the short-term coastal response. Here are the key findings of this report: *Approximately half of the sediment that has been placed in the nearshore dredge-disposal site during the 2.5 years of this study remains within the dredge focus area. *In the winter of 2006-7, large waves transported the dredge-mound material onshore. *High rates of seasonal cross-shore sediment transport mask any potential profile change in the Coastal Profiling System data due to dredge placement. *Pockets of accretion have been recorded by topographic surveying adjacent to the dredge site, but it is unclear if the accretion is linked to the nourishment. *Cross-shore profile modeling suggests that dredge material must be placed in water depths no greater than 5 m to drive a positive shoreline response. *Area modeling demonstrates that the new dredge site increases wave dissipation and modifies local sediment-transport patterns, although the effect on the nearshore morphology is largely negligible. *Any increase in beach width or wave energy-dissipation related to the nourishment is likely to be realized only in the vicinity directly onshore of the nourishment site, which is several hundred meters south of the area of critical erosion. *Larger waves from the northwest and smaller waves from the west or southwest contribute most to the sediment transport from the dredge mound onshore.

Barnard, Patrick L.; Erikson, Li H.; Hansen, Jeff E.; Elias, Edwin



LANDSAT survey of near-shore ice conditions along the Arctic coast of Alaska  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The author has identified the following significant results. On the basis of analysis of late winter 1973, 1974, and 1975 LANDSAT imagery of the Beaufort Sea coast of Alaska, the following conclusions regarding near-shore ice conditions were made: (1) by March, the seaward limit of contiguous ice is often beyond the 10 fathom contour. (2) During March, shearing can and does take place along a line roughly coincident with the 10 fathom contour. (3) Ice motions during these shearing events are not extremely great, generally on the order of 10 km. (4) Many large ice features have already been formed by late February. (5) Based on look-ahead at later LANDSAT imagery, it seems apparent that Beaufort Seas shore-fast ice was already formed by late February and may well be safe for exploratory activities from this data forward until the melt season.

Stringer, W. J. (principal investigator)



Coral bleaching: one disturbance too many for near-shore reefs of the Great Barrier Reef  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The dynamic nature of coral communities can make it difficult to judge whether a reef system is resilient to the current disturbance regime. To address this question of resilience for near-shore coral communities of the Great Barrier Reef (Australia) a data set consisting of 350 annual observations of benthic community change was compiled from existing monitoring data. These data spanned the period 1985-2007 and were derived from coral reefs within 20 km of the coast. During years without major disturbance events, cover increase of the Acroporidae was much faster than it was for other coral families; a median of 11% per annum compared to medians of less than 4% for other coral families. Conversely, Acroporidae were more severely affected by cyclones and bleaching events than most other families. A simulation model parameterised with these observations indicated that while recovery rates of hard corals were sufficient to compensate for impacts associated with cyclones and crown-of-thorns starfish, the advent of mass bleaching has lead to a significant change in the composition of the community and a rapid decline in hard coral cover. Furthermore, if bleaching events continue to occur with the same frequency and severity as in the recent past, the model predicts that the cover of Acroporidae will continue to decline. Although significant cover of live coral remains on near-shore reefs, and recovery is observed during inter-disturbance periods, it appears that this system will not be resilient to the recent disturbance regime over the long term. Conservation strategies for coral reefs should focus on both mitigating local factors that act synergistically to increase the susceptibility of Acroporidae to climate change while promoting initiatives that maximise the recovery potential from inevitable disturbances.

Thompson, A. A.; Dolman, A. M.



Neutrophilic Iron-Oxidizing “Zetaproteobacteria” and Mild Steel Corrosion in Nearshore Marine Environments ? †  

PubMed Central

Microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC) of mild steel in seawater is an expensive and enduring problem. Little attention has been paid to the role of neutrophilic, lithotrophic, iron-oxidizing bacteria (FeOB) in MIC. The goal of this study was to determine if marine FeOB related to Mariprofundus are involved in this process. To examine this, field incubations and laboratory microcosm experiments were conducted. Mild steel samples incubated in nearshore environments were colonized by marine FeOB, as evidenced by the presence of helical iron-encrusted stalks diagnostic of the FeOB Mariprofundus ferrooxydans, a member of the candidate class “Zetaproteobacteria.” Furthermore, Mariprofundus-like cells were enriched from MIC biofilms. The presence of Zetaproteobacteria was confirmed using a Zetaproteobacteria-specific small-subunit (SSU) rRNA gene primer set to amplify sequences related to M. ferrooxydans from both enrichments and in situ samples of MIC biofilms. Temporal in situ incubation studies showed a qualitative increase in stalk distribution on mild steel, suggesting progressive colonization by stalk-forming FeOB. We also isolated a novel FeOB, designated Mariprofundus sp. strain GSB2, from an iron oxide mat in a salt marsh. Strain GSB2 enhanced uniform corrosion from mild steel in laboratory microcosm experiments conducted over 4 days. Iron concentrations (including precipitates) in the medium were used as a measure of corrosion. The corrosion in biotic samples (7.4 ± 0.1 mM) was significantly higher than that in abiotic controls (5.0 ± 0.1 mM). These results have important implications for the role of FeOB in corrosion of steel in nearshore and estuarine environments. In addition, this work shows that the global distribution of Zetaproteobacteria is far greater than previously thought. PMID:21131509

McBeth, Joyce M.; Little, Brenda J.; Ray, Richard I.; Farrar, Katherine M.; Emerson, David



Correlation of nearshore ice movement with seabed ice gouges near Barrow, Alaska  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nearshore patterns of ice motion near Barrow, Alaska, were monitored between 1973 and 1979 with a sea ice radar system. Side scan sonar surveys of the seafloor were made at the same location during the summers of 1977 and 1978. The two data sets provide information on ice motion, ice gouging, and the rate and character of seabed deformation by ice. Four ice stages (open water, freeze-up, winter, and breakup) can be defined on the basis of the frequency and patterns of ice motion and ice cover processes as recorded by the radar system. In all four ice stages the dominant ice motion was nearly parallel to the coast. Side scan sonar surveys show that the principal ice gouge directions nearshore were at a high angle to the coast and to the predominant direction of ice drift in both years. Gouge density was greatest in a narrow zone centered about the 10-m isobath which reflects the distribution of deep ice keels and the pattern of reworking of the seafloor by waves and currents. We believe the majority of observed gouges were formed by keels of multiyear ice floes during an event that occurred in July 1975, 2 years before the first seabed survey. Persistence of the gouge pattern from 1975 until 1977 is attributed to persistence of the ice cover and limited reworking by waves and currents, or additional gouging. The observed decrease in gouge density between 1977 and 1978 is attributed to (1) seafloor reworking and gouge infilling by storms and (2) the absence of ice conditions that were conducive to creating fresh gouges.

Shapiro, Lewis H.; Barnes, Peter W.



Ecoregional analysis of nearshore sea-surface temperature in the North Pacific  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The quantification and description of sea surface temperature (SST) is critically important because it can influence the distribution, migration, and invasion of marine species; furthermore, SSTs are expected to be affected by climate change. To better understand present temperature regimes, we assembled a 29-year nearshore time series of mean monthly SSTs along the North Pacific coastline using remotely-sensed satellite data collected with the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) instrument. We then used the dataset to describe nearshore (&20 km offshore) SST patterns of 16 North Pacific ecoregions delineated by the Marine Ecoregions of the World (MEOW) hierarchical schema. Annual mean temperature varied from 3.8??C along the Kamchatka ecoregion to 24.8??C in the Cortezian ecoregion. There are smaller annual ranges and less variability in SST in the Northeast Pacific relative to the Northwest Pacific. Within the 16 ecoregions, 31-94% of the variance in SST is explained by the annual cycle, with the annual cycle explaining the least variation in the Northern California ecoregion and the most variation in the Yellow Sea ecoregion. Clustering on mean monthly SSTs of each ecoregion showed a clear break between the ecoregions within the Warm and Cold Temperate provinces of the MEOW schema, though several of the ecoregions contained within the provinces did not show a significant difference in mean seasonal temperature patterns. Comparison of these temperature patterns shared some similarities and differences with previous biogeographic classifications and the Large Marine Ecosystems (LMEs). Finally, we provide a web link to the processed data for use by other researchers.

Payne, M.C.; Brown, C.A.; Reusser, D.A.; Lee, H., II



The Martin Luther King Jr. Center for Nonviolent Social Change  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In celebration of one of the most foundational African American figures in history, The King Center Imaging Project has undergone an intense process of digitization to allow universal access to the lifeâ??s work of Martin Luther King Jr. Users can sift through a dynamic collection of one million archived documents, images, letters, notes, and speeches, presented via a convenient mosaic interface. Along with the archive, the site provides background information and a glossary for Dr. Kingâ??s message of nonviolence. Apart from the historical value of the site, users are prompted to follow in Dr. Kingâ??s work, submitting their own â??dreamsâ? for careers, human rights, and world peace. This input is collected into a growing base of nearly five-thousand â??dreamsâ? that can be searched via theme or geographic location, true evidence of Dr. Kingâ??s influential humanitarian message.


Contested memory in the birthplace of a king: a case study of Auburn Avenue and the Martin Luther King Jr. National Park  

Microsoft Academic Search

A critical element in the process of racializing place is the construction of memorial landscapes. Using the Martin Luther King Jr National Historic Site and the surrounding Auburn Avenue community as a case study this paper argues that the sites dedicated to Dr King along Auburn Avenue embody a normative Civil Rights discourse which emphasizes national unity and non-violence and

Joshua F. J. Inwood



King Air flight RICO 2004/12/13 page 1 King Air N2UW flight report for December 13, 2004  

E-print Network

King Air flight ­ RICO ­ 2004/12/13 page 1 King Air N2UW flight report for December 13, 2004 Crew: Drew, Vali, Oolman, Glover After repair of the air conditioner on the aircraft, a test flight was needed and was to be transformed

Vali, Gabor


King Air flight RICO 2005/1/5 page 1 King Air N2UW flight report for January 5, 2005  

E-print Network

King Air flight ­ RICO ­ 2005/1/5 page 1 King Air N2UW flight report for January 5, 2005 Crew: Drew, Vali, Gordon, Wechsler General Cc than Cs. Practically no Cu during first hours of the morning. At the beginning of the flight, Cs

Vali, Gabor


King Air flight RICO 20050118 page 1 King Air N2UW flight report for second flight of January 18, 2005  

E-print Network

King Air flight ­ RICO ­ 20050118 page 1 King Air N2UW flight report for second flight of January 18, 2005 Crew: Drew, Vali, Gordon, Lukens. Report by Vali. Summary: Student day. C130 off at 11Z, KA first flight at 12Z, 146 off at 17Z

Vali, Gabor


King Air flight RICO 20050123 page 1 King Air N2UW flight report for January 23, 2005. Second flight, 17:44 21:04 UTC.  

E-print Network

King Air flight ­ RICO ­ 20050123 page 1 King Air N2UW flight report for January 23, 2005. Second flight, 17:44 21:04 UTC. Crew: Fagerstrom, Vali, Wechsler, O'Donnell Summary: Not a stellar day. Flight area was centered on 20 km N

Vali, Gabor


King Air flight RICO 2004/12/17 page 1 King Air N2UW flight report for December 17, 2004  

E-print Network

King Air flight ­ RICO ­ 2004/12/17 page 1 King Air N2UW flight report for December 17, 2004 Crew: Fagerstrom, Vali, Oolman, Glover A 100 studied were near the eastern boundary of this band (behind it). At the beginning of the flight, not far

Vali, Gabor


Disulfide Isomers of ?-Neurotoxins from King Cobra ( Ophiophagus hannah) Venom  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two novel ?-neurotoxins, Oh-6A and Oh-6B, isolated from the king cobra (Ophiophagus hannah) venom, consist of 70 amino acid residues with 10 cysteine residues and share the same amino acid sequences as determined by Edman degradation on the peptide fragments generated from the proteolytic hydrolysates. Their sequences share 46–53% homology with Oh-4, Oh-5, Toxin a, and Toxin b from the

Shinne-Ren Lin; Long-Sen Chang; Chun-Chang Chang



Structure–function relationship of king cobra cathelicidin  

Microsoft Academic Search

King cobra cathelicidin (OH-CATH) is composed of 34 amino acid residues having strong antibacterial and very weak hemolytic activities as reported by us recently. OH-CATH can be served as a valuable template to develop novel therapeutic drugs. In this study, OH-CATH and six of its analogs were synthesized to explore their structure–function relationships based on their bactericidal and hemolytic activities.

Yong Zhang; Hui Zhao; Guo-Yu Yu; Xiao-Dong Liu; Ji-Hong Shen; Wen-Hui Lee; Yun Zhang




USGS Publications Warehouse

On the basis of a mineral survey the Kings River, Rancheria, Agnew, and Oat Mountain Roadless Areas, California were found to have several areas with probable mineral-resource potential for tungsten in tactite, and one area with probable mineral-resource potential for lode gold in quartz veins. The extreme relief and inaccessibility in most of the roadless areas make exploration and mining very difficult. The geologic terrane precludes the occurrence of energy resources.

Nokleberg, Warren J.; Longwell, Warren D.



The Beating of Rodney King: The Dynamics of Backfire  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 1991 beating of Rodney King by Los Angeles police provides rich case material in how an attack perceived as unjust can\\u000a backfire. Drawing on nonviolence theory, an original framework is developed to analyze attacks as potential backfires that\\u000a are usually, but not always, inhibited. Attackers can use a variety of methods to inhibit backfires, including covering up\\u000a the attack,

Brian Martin



Purinergic receptors Brian F. King and Geoffrey Burnstock  

E-print Network

but has not yet been cloned (Fredholm et al. 1997). The fifteen cloned receptor proteins are 328­532 amino heptahelical proteins--called P2Y1, P2Y2, and P2Y3--with structural similarities to the rhodopsin GPCR template proteins have been associated with the P2Y receptor family (King et al. 2001, see Table 21.1). Multiple

Burnstock, Geoffrey


G.MG Archimedes and the King's crown  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a task from the Illustrative Mathematics website that is one part of a complete illustration of the standard to which it is aligned. Each task has at least one solution and some commentary that addresses important asects of the task and its potential use. Here are the first few lines of the commentary for this task: The King of Syracuse reportedly requested Archimedes' advice for determining if a crown was made with the appropriate mixture of gold and silver. Archi...


Strategies for nest-site selection by king eiders  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Nest site selection is a critical component of reproduction and has presumably evolved in relation to predation, local resources, and microclimate. We investigated nest-site choice by king eiders (Somateria spectabilis) on the coastal plain of northern Alaska, USA, 2003-2005. We hypothesized that nest-site selection is driven by predator avoidance and that a variety of strategies including concealment, seclusion, and conspecific or inter-specific nest defense might lead to improved nesting success. We systematically searched wetland basins for king eider nests and measured habitat and social variables at nests (n = 212) and random locations (n = 493). King eiders made use of both secluded and concealed breeding strategies; logistic regression models revealed that females selected nests close to water, on islands, and in areas with high willow (Salix spp.) cover but did not select sites near conspecific or glaucous gull (Larus hyperboreus) nests. The most effective nest-placement strategy may vary depending on density and types of nest predators; seclusion is likely a mammalian-predator avoidance tactic whereas concealment may provide protection from avian predators. We recommend that managers in northern Alaska attempt to maintain wetland basins with islands and complex shorelines to provide potential nest sites in the vicinity of water. ?? The Wildlife Society.

Bentzen, R.L.; Powell, A.N.; Suydam, R.S.



JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. 87, NO. C10, PAGES 7873-7878, SEPTEMBER 20, 1982 Estimation of Nearshore Tidal Currents on Nonsmooth  

E-print Network

of Nearshore Tidal Currents on Nonsmooth Continental Shelves DAVID S. BATTISTI AND ALLAN J. CLARKE Department) to calculate analytically barotropic tidal currents across 'smooth' continentalmargin topographyis shownto be valid near shoreon 'nonsmooth' continental shelves.The theory includeslongshoregradientsand friction

Battisti, David


“Jobs for all”: Another dream of the rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. wrote extensively on economic matters, especially unemployment policy. King supported\\u000a a federal job guarantee for anyone ready and willing to work. He believed it would provide employment and income security,\\u000a as well as increased public and community services. Dr. King's writings on employment are reviewed and discussed. His policy\\u000a proposals are just as

Mathew Forstater



AFSCME, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and the 1968 Memphis Sanitation Strike  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 1968, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. traveled to Memphis to support striking sanitation workers. On the evening of April 3, King delivered his "I've Been to the Mountaintop" speech to strikers and their supporters. The very next day, he was assassinated. This site takes visitors through the experiences of those who were there and also through the words of Dr. King during his time in Memphis. Visitors can find video clips, a chronology of the 1968 strike, and a transcript of King's famous speech.



Are Regional Operational Wind-Waves Models Usable to Predict Coastal and Nearshore Wave Climate?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Estuary and Gulf of Saint-Lawrence (EGSL) shores are subjected to strong erosion linked to storminess. Due to the likely presence of sea ice and to the high tidal range affecting the north shores of the EGSL, it is impossible to measure wave parameters at depth lesser than 10m from November to April, i.e. the storm period. Winter waves can be forecasted by the operational Regional Deterministic Wave Prediction System (RDWPS) from the Canadian Meteorological Center (CMC). However, spatial resolution of the RDWPS in the EGSL is 0.04°x0.06° (5x5km @ 49°N), which theoretically limits its application to areas of low bathymetric gradients and does neither destined it to the prediction of coastal nor nearshore waves. Nevertheless, given the lack of nearshore wave measurements during the late fall and winter period, it might seem wise to use the RDWPS data for operational purposes of warning and coastal structure design. This research thus evaluates the performance of the RDWPS for this period, both in the coastal and nearshore areas of a complex bathymetric domain. Our method is based on: 1. A direct comparison of RDWPS wave parameters time series to those produced from two instruments berthed in front of Sept-Iles, North Shore, Quebec (50° 10.3' N 66° 13.5' W). M1 mooring is deployed permanently throughout the year at -32m MSL, while M2 is deployed from April to November at -8m MSL. These comparisons are made from 01/10/2010 to 31/12/2011 (winter period). 2. A high-resolution (0.2x0.2km) coastal wind-wave model (SWAN v.40.85) is locally nested in the EGSL RDWPS domain in order to propagate waves from quasi-infinite depth to the shore at the site location, including moorings positions. Our implementation uses the same source terms, physics and inputs as in the RDWPS implementation of WAM. This allows producing reference time series for the winter at the M2 location. RDWPS data are thus also compared with these model outputs for the same period as 1. Our results show that the RDWPS predicted the wave parameters with a very good sensitivity, but with a strong linear overestimation of Hm02 (+45% ± 10%) and Tm0 (+45% ± 30%) at M1 location. A first implementation of SWAN (SI1) using the RDWPS wave data as boundary conditions shows that 55% of this overestimation at M1 is related to the bathymetric grid's coarse resolution. A second implementation of SWAN (SI2) with a linear reduction of 20% of the RDWPS Hm02 boundary condition and using the 10m wind components rather than the 40m as in the RDWPS shows a very good agreement with M1 measured values, demonstrating that remaining overestimation is linked to winds too strong. The comparison of SWAN SI2 results at M2 position vs. M2 measured data shows a very good fit, without overestimation. The comparison for the winter period of SWAN SI2 results at M2 position vs. RDWPS data at the three closest grid points shows that Hm02 can be reasonably assessed at this depth for operational purposes taking into account a linear reduction factor, estimated 0.6 for our site.

Lambert, A. P.; Neumeier, U.; Jacob, D.; Savard, J.



Nutrient couplings between on-site sewage disposal systems, groundwaters, and nearshore surface waters of the Florida Keys  

Microsoft Academic Search

We performed a one-year study to determine the effects of on-site sewage disposal systems (OSDS, septic tanks) on the nutrient\\u000a relations of limestone groundwaters and nearshore surface waters of the Florida Keys. Monitor wells were installed on canal\\u000a residences with OSDS and a control site in the Key Deer National Wildlife Refuge on Big Pine Key. Groundwater and surface\\u000a water

Brian E. Lapointe; Julie D. O'Connell; George S. Garrett



Nutrient regeneration in shallow-water sediments of the estuarine plume region of the nearshore Georgia Bight, USA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Benthic community respiration and the cycling of N and P were seasonally investigated in the unprotected, sandy sediments (Z~5m) of the nearshore zone of the Georgia Bight, USA in 1981 and 1982. Nutrient exchange across the sediment-water interface was calculated from a diffusive model, measured by in-situ enclosure experiments and estimated from whole core incubations. Seasonally changing pore water profiles

C. S. Hopkinson



An internal tidal bore regime at nearshore stations along western U.S.A.: Predictable upwelling within the lunar cycle  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nearshore upwelling due to predictable large internal bores may be a widespread phenomenon along the west coast of North America. Internal tidal bores (breaking internal tidal waves) cause drops in surface water temperature that last for 2–9 days. Negative surface water temperature anomalies (anomaly = daily datum minus day-of-the-year average) often reflect large internal tidal bores. These anomalies are predictable

Jesús Pineda



Influence of coastal upwelling and El Nin~oSouthern Oscillation on nearshore water along Baja California and Chile  

E-print Network

California and Chile: Shore-based monitoring during 1997­­2000 Renee K. Takesue,1,2 Alexander van Geen,1 Jose and El Nin~o­Southern Oscillation (ENSO) off Baja California and Chile, nearshore salinity, cadmium (Cd forcing were observed at the southern tip of Baja California (23.3°N) and off central-southern Chile (36

van Geen, Alexander


Nearshore sediment characteristics and formation of mudbanks along the Kerala coast, southwest India  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In order to gain insight into the formation dynamics of mudbanks off the Kerala coast of India, extensive surveying of the nearshore bathymetry along with sediment characterization was undertaken. The textural and geotechnical properties of the surficial sediments of a mudbank were determined during pre-monsoon, monsoon, and post-monsoon periods. The mudbank sediments were clayey silts with high water and organic carbon contents, high Atterberg limits, and low bulk density, and therefore very susceptible to entrainment. During the monsoon, the mudbank regime was characterised by enhanced turbidity and a benthic fluff layer, triggered by the increasing swell of the early monsoon period. Re-suspension exposed a more consolidated, previously sub-bottom, layer which exhibited lower water content and greater shear strength than the pre-monsoon seabed. Texturally, the monsoon seabed was similar to the pre-monsoon seabed, with the same modal grain size, but the proportions of sand and coarse silt increased nearshore, while the proportions of fine and very fine silt increased offshore. There was a seaward-fining textural gradient at all times, but this became pronounced during the monsoon period. Paradoxically, the monsoonal seabed displayed greatly reduced wet bulk density. It is hypothesized that this was due to the presence of gas, probably methane, in the sediments (while the pre-monsoon sediments were fully saturated, the monsoon sediments were only 83% saturated). We speculate that the gas was forced into the surficial sediments either by wave pumping (at the onset of the monsoon) or by seaward-flowing subbottom freshwater (derived from monsoonal rains). With the waning of the monsoon, the benthic fluid mud layer rapidly disappeared and the seabed returned to its pre-monsoon state as suspended sediments were redeposited. The mudbank regime is therefore essentially an in situ phenomenon. It is suggested that the mudbanks are palimpsest, marshy, lagoonal deposits, rich in organic matter and derived gas, that were submerged after a marine transgression. The surficial sediment is annually entrained during the monsoon, but erosion is limited by the formation of the benthic fluid mud layer, which attenuates wave generated turbulence. Although some fine sediment disperses alongshore and offshore, most is returned to the seabed as the monsoon declines.

Narayana, A. C.; Jago, C. F.; Manojkumar, P.; Tatavarti, R.



Wind-induced nearshore sediment resuspension in a lake during a winter storm  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sediment resuspension is the process by which sediment is entrained into the water column at the sediment-water interface. It occurs when the bottom shear stress exceeds the critical shear stress and has the potential to negatively impact water quality. Wind-induced sediment resuspension could be a factor contributing to the declining clarity of the nearshore at Lake Tahoe, California-Nevada and is therefore the subject of this study. An observational experiment included vertical profiles of water temperature using a thermistor chain; vertical profiles of water currents as well as surface wave periods and significant wave heights using a Nortek AWAC; high-frequency, near-bed measurements of water velocity using a Nortek Vector and a Sontek ADVOcean Probe; and suspended sediment concentrations using a LISST-100X. During a winter storm event we observed simultaneous peaks in wind speed, significant wave height and wave period, and suspended sediment concentration. Coincident peaks in suspended sediment concentration and wind speed strongly suggested wind-driven resuspension. During this same stormy period currents shifted to align with the wind. Total bottom shear stress was computed from the high-frequency, near-bed velocity data. During this winter storm, measured estimates of total bottom shear stress exceeded the critical shear stress for incipient motion corresponding to an average grain size of 400 ?m. Bottom shear stress was also partitioned according to its provenance (wind-waves; mean currents; and random motions). We implemented the wind-wave model STWAVE to simulate nearshore wind-wave growth and propagation, from which we derived the bottom orbital velocity to estimate bottom shear stress due to wind-waves. When wind directions favored a larger fetch, promoting full development of the wave field, the simulated bottom shear stress from STWAVE was in good agreement with the measured bottom shear stress attributed to wind-waves. We estimated bottom shear stress due to currents as a percentage of the total wind-induced shear stress at the surface of the lake, which was in turn derived from the wind record and the quadratic drag law. Simulated and measured bottom shear stress attributed to mean currents were in good agreement and remained small, which was to be expected. The wind-waves contributed far more to the development of the bottom shear stress during critical periods. For those times when the total bottom shear stress was in excess of the critical shear stress, the sediment entrainment rates were well represented by the 1991 Garcia and Parker formula.

Reardon, K. E.; Moreno, P. A.; Schladow, S. G.; Bombardelli, F. A.



75 FR 24944 - Adequacy Status of the Milwaukee-Racine, Door County, Manitowoc County, and Sheboygan County...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Manitowoc County, and Sheboygan County, Wisconsin Areas Submitted 8-Hour Ozone Redesignation...Manitowoc County, and Sheboygan County, Wisconsin ozone nonattainment areas are adequate...transportation conformity determinations. Wisconsin submitted a redesignation request...



A description of the nearshore fish communities in the Huron-Erie Corridor using multiple gear types  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Great Lakes coastal wetlands provide a critical habitat for many fish species throughout their life cycles. Once home to one of the largest wetland complexes in the Great Lakes, coastal wetlands in the Huron–Erie Corridor (HEC) have decreased dramatically since the early 1900s. We characterized the nearshore fish communities at three different wetland complexes in the HEC using electrofishing, seines, and fyke nets. Species richness was highest in the Detroit River (63), followed by the St. Clair Delta (56), and Western Lake Erie (47). The nearshore fish communities in the Detroit River and St. Clair Delta consisted primarily of shiners, bluntnose minnow, centrarchids, and brook silverside, while the Western Lake Erie sites consisted of high proportions of non-native taxa including common carp, gizzard shad, goldfish, and white perch. Species richness estimates using individual-based rarefaction curves were higher when using electrofishing data compared to fyke nets or seine hauls at each wetland. Twelve fish species were captured exclusively during electrofishing assessments, while one species was captured exclusively in fyke nets, and none exclusively during seine hauls. Western Lake Erie wetlands were more indicative of degraded systems with lower species richness, lower proportion of turbidity intolerant species, and increased abundance of non-native taxa. This work highlights the importance of coastal wetlands in the HEC by capturing 69 different fish species utilizing these wetlands to fulfill life history requirements and provides insight when selecting gears to sample nearshore littoral areas.

Francis, James T.; Chiotti, Justin A.; Boase, James C.; Thomas, Mike V.; Manny, Bruce A.; Roseman, Edward F.



Doppler spectra of electromagnetic fields scattered from two-dimensional fetch- and depth-limited nearshore sea surfaces  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Doppler spectral signatures of sea echoes from two-dimensional (2-D) fetch- and depth-limited sea surfaces are investigated using the second-order small-slope approximation (SSA-II) model. For the description of 2-D nearshore sea surface, the revised choppy wave model (RCWM) is applied, which takes into account the wind fetch effect and water depth effect in nearshore marine environment. Comparisons of computed results in co-polarizations and cross polarization at various incident angles show that Doppler shift and spectral bandwidth can be greatly influenced by hydrodynamic modulation of waves in the large wind fetch and small water depth marine environment, which indicates that the hydrodynamic modulation induced by shoaling effect would be greatly enhanced in the situation of the nearshore shallow sea with a long wind fetch. The differences in variation trend between results in co-polarizations and cross polarization also reflect varying degrees of influence of aforementioned hydrodynamic modulation on different scattering mechanisms.

Nie, Ding; Zhang, Min; Li, Ning; Jiang, Wangqiang



Outliers and Extremes: Dragon-Kings or Dragon-Fools?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Geophysics seems full of monsters like Victor Hugo's Court of Miracles and monstrous extremes have been statistically considered as outliers with respect to more normal events. However, a characteristic magnitude separating abnormal events from normal ones would be at odd with the generic scaling behaviour of nonlinear systems, contrary to "fat tailed" probability distributions and self-organized criticality. More precisely, it can be shown [1] how the apparent monsters could be mere manifestations of a singular measure mishandled as a regular measure. Monstrous fluctuations are the rule, not outliers and they are more frequent than usually thought up to the point that (theoretical) statistical moments can easily be infinite. The empirical estimates of the latter are erratic and diverge with sample size. The corresponding physics is that intense small scale events cannot be smoothed out by upscaling. However, based on a few examples, it has also been argued [2] that one should consider "genuine" outliers of fat tailed distributions so monstrous that they can be called "dragon-kings". We critically analyse these arguments, e.g. finite sample size and statistical estimates of the largest events, multifractal phase transition vs. more classical phase transition. We emphasize the fact that dragon-kings are not needed in order that the largest events become predictable. This is rather reminiscent of the Feast of Fools picturesquely described by Victor Hugo. [1] D. Schertzer, I. Tchiguirinskaia, S. Lovejoy et P. Hubert (2010): No monsters, no miracles: in nonlinear sciences hydrology is not an outlier! Hydrological Sciences Journal, 55 (6) 965 - 979. [2] D. Sornette (2009): Dragon-Kings, Black Swans and the Prediction of Crises. International Journal of Terraspace Science and Engineering 1(3), 1-17.

Schertzer, D. J.; Tchiguirinskaia, I.; Lovejoy, S.



King penguin population threatened by Southern Ocean warming.  


Seabirds are sensitive indicators of changes in marine ecosystems and might integrate and/or amplify the effects of climate forcing on lower levels in food chains. Current knowledge on the impact of climate changes on penguins is primarily based on Antarctic birds identified by using flipper bands. Although flipper bands have helped to answer many questions about penguin biology, they were shown in some penguin species to have a detrimental effect. Here, we present for a Subantarctic species, king penguin (Aptenodytes patagonicus), reliable results on the effect of climate on survival and breeding based on unbanded birds but instead marked by subcutaneous electronic tags. We show that warm events negatively affect both breeding success and adult survival of this seabird. However, the observed effect is complex because it affects penguins at several spatio/temporal levels. Breeding reveals an immediate response to forcing during warm phases of El Niño Southern Oscillation affecting food availability close to the colony. Conversely, adult survival decreases with a remote sea-surface temperature forcing (i.e., a 2-year lag warming taking place at the northern boundary of pack ice, their winter foraging place). We suggest that this time lag may be explained by the delay between the recruitment and abundance of their prey, adjusted to the particular 1-year breeding cycle of the king penguin. The derived population dynamic model suggests a 9% decline in adult survival for a 0.26 degrees C warming. Our findings suggest that king penguin populations are at heavy extinction risk under the current global warming predictions. PMID:18268328

Le Bohec, Céline; Durant, Joël M; Gauthier-Clerc, Michel; Stenseth, Nils C; Park, Young-Hyang; Pradel, Roger; Grémillet, David; Gendner, Jean-Paul; Le Maho, Yvon



King penguin population threatened by Southern Ocean warming  

PubMed Central

Seabirds are sensitive indicators of changes in marine ecosystems and might integrate and/or amplify the effects of climate forcing on lower levels in food chains. Current knowledge on the impact of climate changes on penguins is primarily based on Antarctic birds identified by using flipper bands. Although flipper bands have helped to answer many questions about penguin biology, they were shown in some penguin species to have a detrimental effect. Here, we present for a Subantarctic species, king penguin (Aptenodytes patagonicus), reliable results on the effect of climate on survival and breeding based on unbanded birds but instead marked by subcutaneous electronic tags. We show that warm events negatively affect both breeding success and adult survival of this seabird. However, the observed effect is complex because it affects penguins at several spatio/temporal levels. Breeding reveals an immediate response to forcing during warm phases of El Niño Southern Oscillation affecting food availability close to the colony. Conversely, adult survival decreases with a remote sea-surface temperature forcing (i.e., a 2-year lag warming taking place at the northern boundary of pack ice, their winter foraging place). We suggest that this time lag may be explained by the delay between the recruitment and abundance of their prey, adjusted to the particular 1-year breeding cycle of the king penguin. The derived population dynamic model suggests a 9% decline in adult survival for a 0.26°C warming. Our findings suggest that king penguin populations are at heavy extinction risk under the current global warming predictions. PMID:18268328

Le Bohec, Céline; Durant, Joël M.; Gauthier-Clerc, Michel; Stenseth, Nils C.; Park, Young-Hyang; Pradel, Roger; Grémillet, David; Gendner, Jean-Paul; Le Maho, Yvon



Dermatophilus chelonae in a king cobra (Ophiophagus hannah).  


A mass was removed from the left flank of a 10-yr-old male king cobra (Ophiophagus hannah), and histologic examination revealed granulomatous dermatitis with intralesional gram-positive cocci and filamentous bacteria. Fourteen months later, a histologically similar subcutaneous mass was removed from a different site. One year later, a large subcutaneous mass at the first surgical site was removed, and histopathologic examination revealed multiloculated granulomas with intralesional gram-positive cocci. An organism was cultured and identified by 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequencing as Dermatophilus chelonae. After a course of antibiotic therapy, no further lesions were seen for 5 mo. PMID:15732601

Wellehan, James F X; Turenne, Christine; Heard, Darryl J; Detrisac, Carol J; O'Kelley, Jeffrey J




PubMed Central

The aerial parts and seeds of Swietenia macrophylla King (Meliaceae) are used in exotic medicine systems. In the present study, a preliminary phytochemical and few pharmacological profiles were under taken. The physical constans, extractive and ash values were examined. The presence of secondary metabolites in the aerial parts and seeds showed that Swietenia macrophylla is a good source of active principles. TLC studies were done by treating dry treating dry powder of Swietenia macrophylla with various acids, iodine and ferric chloride solution and UV and Visible light. PMID:22557161

Arumugasamy, K.; Latha, K.V.; kumar, N.H. Sathish





The aerial parts and seeds of Swietenia macrophylla King (Meliaceae) are used in exotic medicine systems. In the present study, a preliminary phytochemical and few pharmacological profiles were under taken. The physical constans, extractive and ash values were examined. The presence of secondary metabolites in the aerial parts and seeds showed that Swietenia macrophylla is a good source of active principles. TLC studies were done by treating dry treating dry powder of Swietenia macrophylla with various acids, iodine and ferric chloride solution and UV and Visible light. PMID:22557161

Arumugasamy, K; Latha, K V; Kumar, N H Sathish



1 Give the King thy | judgements O | God : and thy | righteous ness | unto the King's | son. 2 $ Then shall he | judge thy | people ac || cording unto | right and de | fend the | poor.  

E-print Network

Psalm 72 1 Give the King thy | judgements · O | God : and thy | righteous · ness | unto · the King The mountains | also · shall bring | peace : and the little hills | righteous · ness | unto · the | people. 4 He

Lasenby, Joan


Budgeting in Texas Counties, 1931-1940.  

E-print Network

the ~arions associations of county officers, particularly the county judges and commissioners, the county auditors, and the county dmlcs. CONTENTS Introduction 5 Purpose of Study 6 Procedure 6 Legal Provisions 9 The Budget Form 11 Number of Budgets...

Bradshaw, H. C.



Jasper County Comprehensive Plan Adoption Draft  

E-print Network

Jasper County Comprehensive Plan Adoption Draft Comprehensive Plan Jasper County, IN #12;#12;Table Mandate.......................................vii Jasper County's Fulfillment of the Mandate of Major Needs for Jasper County ...............5 Additional Opportunities


Snohomish County Biodiesel Project  

SciTech Connect

Snohomish County in western Washington State began converting its vehicle fleet to use a blend of biodiesel and petroleum diesel in 2005. As prices for biodiesel rose due to increased demand for this cleaner-burning fuel, Snohomish County looked to its farmers to ���¢��������grow���¢������� this fuel locally. Suitable seed crops that can be crushed to extract oil for use as biodiesel feedstock include canola, mustard, and camelina. The residue, or mash, has high value as an animal feed. County farmers began with 52 acres of canola and mustard crops in 2006, increasing to 250 acres and 356 tons in 2008. In 2009, this number decreased to about 150 acres and 300 tons due to increased price for mustard seed.

Terrill Chang; Deanna Carveth



County Waterford Image Archive  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Using volunteer help and a locally written image management system, the Waterford County Museum in Ireland has created this collection of close to 3,000 historical images that document Waterford County and its parishes from the late 1890s to the present. The Web interface to the collection includes a number of helpful features - for those familiar with Waterford county and its place and family names, there is a search box, but for those less familiar there are several ways to browse the collection, by selecting photographer, location, image format, or subjects from drop down lists, as well as selecting parishes from a map to see the pictures associated with each. A photo of the week is posted on the site, and visitors can sign up to receive an RSS feed or, alternatively, an email message when new images are added. There are also easy ways to submit photographs for inclusion in the archive, and for locals to contribute identifying information.


Assessment of the changes induced by a wave energy farm in the nearshore wave conditions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Starting from the observation that an important next stage in exploiting the ocean energy is to install large arrays of several identical devices in order to raise their overall electricity production, the present work has as objective to assess the local and coastal impact of a large wave farm that would operate in the Portuguese coastal environment. The target area is the Portuguese maritime pilot zone, São Pedro de Moel, which is located in the central part of the Portuguese continental nearshore. A generic wave farm was considered and various transmission situations were analyzed. The study started with the situation without wave farm (zero absorption) and subsequently different scenarios were considered by gradually increasing the conditions to the hypothetic case of the total absorption. For each case study, model simulations were performed covering the entire year 2009 using a wave prediction system based on Wave Watch 3, for the wave generation at the level of the entire North Atlantic Ocean, and on SWAN, for the coastal wave transformation. In this way, a comprehensive picture of the possible impact of the wave farm is provided. The results show that the presence of a wave farm operating offshore has a strong influence on the wave conditions immediately down wave. Although this influence is usually attenuated at the level of the coastline, it appears as obvious a general decrease in terms of significant wave height due to the wave farm, but also some other wave parameters are modified.

Bento, A. Rute; Rusu, Eugen; Martinho, Paulo; Guedes Soares, C.



Mapping of Submerged Aquatic Vegetation Using Autonomous Underwater Vehicles in Nearshore Regions  

SciTech Connect

The use of an autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) equipped with sidescan sonar was investigated for determining the boundaries of nearshore submerged aquatic vegetation beds, specifically eelgrass (Zostera marina). Shifts in eelgrass bed morphology, size, and distribution are used as indicators in monitoring programs to measure the impacts of coastal development and environmental stressors on eelgrass and to establish the efficacy of restoration programs. However, many monitoring programs necessarily extend over multiple-year time periods. Therefore, techniques that are easily reproducible, accurate, and cost-effective can demonstrate distinct advantages over some of the more traditional and labor-intensive methods, such as diver assessments and transects of shoot counts. Remote monitoring of eelgrass beds using satellite and aerial imagery has been demonstrated with moderate success, but requires groundtruthing, which can be costly and which frequently cannot delineate the deeper boundaries of eelgrass beds. One possible means for low-cost mapping is the use of AUVs equipped with acoustic imaging hardware. AUVs provide an ideal platform, because they can be deployed by small teams (two people), they are highly maneuverable, they can cover large areas over a relatively short time period (3knot operational speed), and they are equipped with multiple oceanographic instruments for correlated data collection. This paper describes the use of sidescan-equipped AUV technology deployed over multiple time periods at the same location where imagery of eelgrass beds was obtained and analyzed for comparative purposes.

Jones, Mark E.; Miller, Lee M.; Woodruff, Dana L.; Ewert, Daniel W.



Diversity and population structure of a near-shore marine-sediment viral community.  

PubMed Central

Viruses, most of which are phage, are extremely abundant in marine sediments, yet almost nothing is known about their identity or diversity. We present the metagenomic analysis of an uncultured near-shore marine-sediment viral community. Three-quarters of the sequences in the sample were not related to anything previously reported. Among the sequences that could be identified, the majority belonged to double-stranded DNA phage. Temperate phage were more common than lytic phage, suggesting that lysogeny may be an important lifestyle for sediment viruses. Comparisons between the sediment sample and previously sequenced seawater viral communities showed that certain phage phylogenetic groups were abundant in all marine viral communities, while other phage groups were under-represented or absent. This 'marineness' suggests that marine phage are derived from a common set of ancestors. Several independent mathematical models, based on the distribution of overlapping shotgun sequence fragments from the library, were used to show that the diversity of the viral community was extremely high, with at least 10(4) viral genotypes per kilogram of sediment and a Shannon index greater than 9 nats. Based on these observations we propose that marine-sediment viral communities are one of the largest unexplored reservoirs of sequence space on the planet. PMID:15156913

Breitbart, Mya; Felts, Ben; Kelley, Scott; Mahaffy, Joseph M.; Nulton, James; Salamon, Peter; Rohwer, Forest



An efficient mode-splitting method for a curvilinear nearshore circulation model  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A mode-splitting method is applied to the quasi-3D nearshore circulation equations in generalized curvilinear coordinates. The gravity wave mode and the vorticity wave mode of the equations are derived using the two-step projection method. Using an implicit algorithm for the gravity mode and an explicit algorithm for the vorticity mode, we combine the two modes to derive a mixed difference–differential equation with respect to surface elevation. McKee et al.'s [McKee, S., Wall, D.P., and Wilson, S.K., 1996. An alternating direction implicit scheme for parabolic equations with mixed derivative and convective terms. J. Comput. Phys., 126, 64–76.] ADI scheme is then used to solve the parabolic-type equation in dealing with the mixed derivative and convective terms from the curvilinear coordinate transformation. Good convergence rates are found in two typical cases which represent respectively the motions dominated by the gravity mode and the vorticity mode. Time step limitations imposed by the vorticity convective Courant number in vorticity-mode-dominant cases are discussed. Model efficiency and accuracy are verified in model application to tidal current simulations in San Francisco Bight.

Shi, Fengyan; Kirby, James T.; Hanes, Daniel M.



Evaluation of the physical process controlling beach changes adjacent to nearshore dredge pits  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Numerical modeling of a beach nourishment project is conducted to enable a detailed evaluation of the processes associated with the effects of nearshore dredge pits on nourishment evolution and formation of erosion hot spots. A process-based numerical model, Delft3D, is used for this purpose. The analysis is based on the modification of existing bathymetry to simulate "what if" scenarios with/without the bathymetric features of interest. Borrow pits dredged about 30??years ago to provide sand for the nourishment project have a significant influence on project performance and formation of erosional hot spots. It was found that the main processes controlling beach response to these offshore bathymetric features were feedbacks between wave forces (roller force or alongshore component of the radiation stress), pressure gradients due to differentials in wave set-up/set-down and bed shear stress. Modeling results also indicated that backfilling of selected borrow sites showed a net positive effect within the beach fill limits and caused a reduction in the magnitude of hot spot erosion. ?? 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Benedet, L.; List, J.H.



Organic priority pollutants in nearshore fish from 14 Lake Michigan tributaries and embayments, 1983  

SciTech Connect

Composite, nearshore, whole fish samples of selected species, collected in fall 1983 from 13 Lake Michigan tributaries and Grand Traverse Bay, were analyzed for a wide range of pesticides and priority pollutants using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. This study was carried out to identify existing source areas for known and previously unrecognized toxic substances. The authors strategy was to analyze those resident fish with the highest likely levels of contaminant. All fish analyzed exceeded the 2 mg/kg FDA action levels for PCBs, while 50% of the samples exceeded the DDTr IJC objective of 1 mg/kg. St. Joseph River common carp (Cyprinus carpio) carried the heaviest contaminant burden of all fish examined for PCBs (27.6 mg/kg), DDTr (10.2 kg/mg), and toxaphene (3.3 mg/kg); chlordane levels (0.85 mg/kg) were second highest to those in Kalamazoo River common carp (0.87 mg/kg). Concentrations of PCBs, toxaphene, DDT, DDE, and other pesticides were higher in bottom-feeding fish, such as common carp, than in top predators, e.g., northern pike (Esox lucius). Bottom feeders are relatively fatty fish, and live and feed near contaminated sediments, which increases their potential to bioaccumulate fat-soluble contaminants. Pesticides were also present in elevated concentrations in fish from sites with higher industrial and agricultural development. 31 references, 1 figure, 4 tables.

Camanzo, J.; Rice, C.P.; Jude, D.J.; Rossmann, R.



Spatial and Temporal Variability in the Nearshore Distributions of Postlarval Farfantepenaeus aztecus along Galveston Island, Texas  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The nearshore distributions of postlarval brown shrimp Farfantepenaeus aztecus (Ives, 1891) were investigated at four approximately equidistant sites along a section of Galveston Island, Texas. Simultaneous, replicate plankton samples were collected along with environmental measurements at each site during three consecutive days each week for a period of four weeks during April 1992. The data were modelled using analysis of variance and stepwise regression to evaluate the spatial, temporal and environmental factors contributing to changes in density. Postlarval densities differed significantly among the four weeks during the study, however, day was not a significant model effect. Changes in weekly distributions appeared correlated to the presence of winds favourable for onshore transport of water. The distributions of postlarvae were highly variable along the Island with significantly greater densities at sites located on sections of open beach and significantly lower densities in the vicinity of shoreline stabilization structures (groins and jetties). Turbidity, water and air temperature, salinity, and dissolved oxygen were all significantly related to postlarval density as were several interactions among environmental factors and turbidity and site. The variability observed in the study was used to estimate levels of sampling intensity required to achieve different levels of precision. Based on the high spatial and temporal variability in postlarval densities observed in this study, and our sampling effort calculations, we suggest that some of the difficulty in predicting landings of adult shrimp based on postlarval abundances may be due to insufficient sampling effort to accurately assess postlarval densities.

Benfield, M. C.; Downer, R. G.



The nearshore benthic invertebrate community of southern Lake Michigan and its response to beach nourishment  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The nearshore benthic environment of Lake Michigan represents a dynamic and little studied habitat. To explore the biology and response of this community to beach nourishment, Ponar samples were taken at 1.5, 3, and 6 m depths at 10 transects along the southern shore of Lake Michigan before and after beach nourishment. Forty taxa were identified, and two of these, Chaetogaster diastrophus and Nematoda, made up over 81% of all organisms collected. Shallow sites (??? 3 m) were generally dominated by C. diastrophus and Nematoda, and these sites represent communities adapted to constant wave induced sediment disturbance. Deep (6 m) sites were generally dominated by Nematoda, but fair numbers of C. diastrophus, Amphichaeta leydigi, Paracladopelma spp., and other less abundant taxa were identified. Greater diversity at deeper sites may be related to the stability resulting from reduced wave disturbance. A notable decrease in mean invertebrate density (P < 0.01) from 2001 to 2002 downdrift from the site of beach nourishment suggests that sand placement affected invertebrate populations, although a more thorough understanding of this community's response to environmental variables is required to further support this conclusion.

Garza, E.L.; Whitman, R.L.



Mechanisms of nearshore retention and offshore export of mussel larvae over the Agulhas Bank  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ecological connectivity is critical for population dynamics but in many benthic species it is complicated by a planktonic larval phase, whose dispersal remains poorly understood. Using a plankton pump, we examine the distribution of intertidal mussel larvae along three axes: alongshore, cross-shelf and by depth during a large scale (600 km) cruise over the Agulhas Bank off southern Africa in August/September 2010. As a general pattern, higher veliger abundances were found close to the coast. Our analyses of the nearshore flow, estimated from ADCP data and the vertical distribution of larvae, show that onshore larval retention may be mediated by active vertical swimming through the water column guided by light and wind-induced turbulence. A massive offshore export of larvae off St Francis Bay was, however, observed during an Agulhas Current meander which influenced inner shelf waters. We hypothesize that, by increasing and homogenizing flow, the Agulhas Current may erase the effects of larval vertical positioning on onshore retention and transport larvae offshore. Our study highlights the need to integrate the effects of complex, region-specific physical dynamics with the swimming behaviour of larvae in order to explain their spatial distribution, population connectivity and the consequences for population dynamics.

Weidberg, Nicolás; Porri, Francesca; Von der Meden, Charles E. O.; Jackson, Jennifer M.; Goschen, Wayne; McQuaid, Christopher D.



Seasonal-scale nearshore morphological evolution: Field observations and numerical modeling  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A coupled waves-currents-bathymetric evolution model (DELFT-3D) is compared with field measurements to test hypotheses regarding the processes responsible for alongshore varying nearshore morphological changes at seasonal time scales. A 2001 field experiment, along the beaches adjacent to Grays Harbor, Washington, USA, captured the transition between the high-energy erosive conditions of winter and the low-energy beach-building conditions typical of summer. The experiment documented shoreline progradation on the order of 10-20 m and on average approximately 70 m of onshore sandbar migration during a four-month period. Significant alongshore variability was observed in the morphological response of the sandbar over a 4 km reach of coast with sandbar movement ranging from 20 m of offshore migration to over 175 m of onshore bar migration, the largest seasonal-scale onshore migration event observed in a natural setting. Both observations and model results suggest that, in the case investigated here, alongshore variations in initial bathymetry are primarily responsible for the observed alongshore variable morphological changes. Alongshore varying incident hydrodynamic forcing, occasionally significant in this region due to a tidal inlet and associated ebb-tidal delta, was relatively minor during the study period and appears to play an insignificant role in the observed alongshore variability in sandbar behavior at kilometer-scale. The role of fully three-dimensional cell circulation patterns in explaining the observed morphological variability also appears to be minor, at least in the case investigated here. ?? 2009 Elsevier B.V.

Ruggiero, P.; Walstra, D.-J.R.; Gelfenbaum, G.; van, Ormondt M.



Population structure of Cladophora-borne Escherichia coli in nearshore water of Lake Michigan  

USGS Publications Warehouse

We previously reported that the macrophytic green alga Cladophora harbors high densities (up to 106 colony-forming units/g dry weight) of the fecal indicator bacteria, Escherichia coli and enterococci, in shoreline waters of Lake Michigan. However, the population structure and genetic relatedness of Cladophora-borne indicator bacteria remain poorly understood. In this study, 835 E. coli isolates were collected from Cladophora tufts (mats) growing on rocks from a breakwater located within the Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore in northwest Indiana. The horizontal fluorophore enhanced rep-PCR (HFERP) DNA fingerprinting technique was used to determine the genetic relatedness of the isolates to each other and to those in a library of E. coli DNA fingerprints. While the E. coli isolates from Cladophora showed a high degree of genetic relatedness (???92% similarity), in most cases, however, the isolates were genetically distinct. The Shannon diversity index for the population was very high (5.39). Both spatial and temporal influences contributed to the genetic diversity. There was a strong association of isolate genotypes by location (79% and 80% for lake- and ditch-side samplings, respectively), and isolates collected from 2002 were distinctly different from those obtained in 2003. Cladophora-borne E. coli isolates represented a unique group, which was distinct from other E. coli isolates in the DNA fingerprint library tested. Taken together, these results indicate that E. coli strains associated with Cladophora may be a recurring source of indicator bacteria to the nearshore beach. ?? 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Byappanahalli, M.N.; Whitman, R.L.; Shively, D.A.; Ferguson, J.; Ishii, S.; Sadowsky, M.J.



(Dengue Fever reported in Osceola County) OSCEOLA COUNTY HEALTH DEPARTMENT  

E-print Network

(Dengue Fever reported in Osceola County) OSCEOLA COUNTY HEALTH DEPARTMENT ISSUES PUBLIC HEALTH of two cases of dengue fever in Osceola County. Dengue is one of several mosquito-borne illnesses was not acquired locally. Symptoms of dengue fever vary according to the age of the patient. Infants and young

Watson, Craig A.


Purchasing in Texas Counties.  

E-print Network

8 r3' L \\, & #5, CnLpL"; 3' --%I k? TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION A. B. CONNER, Director College Station, Texas BULLETIN NO. 653 JULY 1944 PURCHASING IN TEXAS COUNTIES H. C. BRADSEAW and E. J, HERVEY Division of Farm and Ranch... Economics 00.: .*- AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEGE OF TEXAS GIBB GILCHRIST, President D-21-744-4500 The use of good purchasing procedures in a number of Texas counties is reducing the cost price of materials, supplies and equipment by 15 to 20 per...

Hervey, E. J.; Bradshaw, H. C.



Petroleum County Secondary Data Analysis  

E-print Network

Petroleum County Secondary Data Analysis July 23, 2012 1 Community Health Data, MT Dept American Diabetes Association (2012) Region 3 (South Central) ­ Judith Basin, Fergus, Petroleum* #12; Petroleum County Secondary Data Analysis July 23, 2012 2 Socioeconomic Measures1

Maxwell, Bruce D.


Shared genetic material between humans and chimps, Mary-Claire KingSite: DNA Interactive (  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Interviewee: Mary-Claire King DNAi Location:Applications>Human Origins>Comparisons>DNA Geneticist Mary-Claire King talks about her discovery that chimps and humans are extremely similar at a molecular level.




E-print Network



King Mackerel, Scomberomorus caval/a, Mark-Recapture Studies Off Florida's East Coast  

E-print Network

King Mackerel, Scomberomorus caval/a, Mark-Recapture Studies Off Florida's East Coast H. CHARLES SCHAEFER and WILLIAM A. FABLE, JR. Introduction King mackerel, Scomberomorus cav alla, is a coastal mackerel had exceeded H. Charles Schaefer is with the Statistics Office, Coastal Resources Division



E-print Network

REPRODUCTIVE BIOWGY OF KING MACKEREL, SCOMBEROMORUS CAVALLA, FROM THE SOUTHEASTERN UNITED STATES biology ofking mackerel, Scomberomon18 cawJla, was studied from specimens collected off Texas, Louisiana examined from 1,163 females and 595 males obtained in 1977-78. Spawning was prolonged. Most'king mackerel



E-print Network

RHIZOCEPHALAN INFECfION IN BLUE KING CRABS, PARALITHODES PLATYPUS, FROM OLGA BA~ KODIAK ISLAND crabs, Paralithodes platypus. in Olga B~ Kodiak Island, was sampled quarterly during 1980.lithodR.s camtschatica, and biennially in blue king crabs, P. platypus. Because embryos of both species hatch within


‘Remaining awake through a great revolution’: The rhetorical strategies of Martin Luther King Jr  

Microsoft Academic Search

Martin Luther King, Jr is the most recognisable face of the black Civil Rights movement in America in the 1950s and 1960s. His ‘I’ have a Dream’ speech, given in 1963 as part of the march on Washington, has been identified as a key moment in American history, beyond just its importance to the Civil Rights movement. King's lasting place

Nick Sharman



Connect the Book. Martin's Big Words: The Life of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In honor of Martin Luther King, Jr. Day, this month's featured book is "Martin's Big Words: The Life of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr." The book was written by Doreen Rappaport and illustrated by Bryan Collier (Jump at the Sun, 2001. 40p. ISBN 0786807148). This pictorial biography of the world-renowned civil rights leader has one of the most striking…

Brodie, Carolyn S.



50 CFR 622.378 - Seasonal closures of the Gulf group king mackerel gillnet fishery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...from July 1 until 6 a.m. on the day after the Martin Luther King Jr. Federal holiday. The gillnet fishery also is...holidays, except for the first weekend following the Martin Luther King Jr. holiday which will remain open to the...



Children's Books on Martin Luther King, Jr. Offer a One-Dimensional View.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews children's books, teacher references, mini-plays, and curriculum resources that relate to the life of Martin Luther King, Jr. Reports that most of these sources ignore growth and changes within King's life and thought, the role models who shaped his philosophy, or his participation in issues such as the Vietnam War and poverty. (KH)

Banfield, Beryle



Martin Luther King, Jr. Borrows a Revolution: Argument, Audience, and Implications of a Secondhand Universe.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines features of and sources for the discourse of Martin Luther King, Jr., as they relate to the language and assumptions favored by his listeners and readers in an effort to understand how speakers and writers can successfully argue from premises that audiences accept. Indicates how an understanding of King can help in composition…

Miller, Keith D.



Inventing authority: Bill Clinton, Martin Luther King, Jr., and the orchestration of rhetorical traditions  

Microsoft Academic Search

On November 13, 1993, President Clinton addressed five thousand African American ministers at the site of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. ‘s last speech in Memphis, Tennessee and, to open a dialogue on race relations, spoke in King's voice. This essay develops a critical orientation revolving around the concepts of tradition, invention, and authority as a means of exploring Clinton's

John M. Murphy




Microsoft Academic Search

Martin Luther King, Jr.'s success as a civil rights activist was based, to a significant extent, on his skills as an orator. By successfully identifying the civil rights cause with key symbols from American civil religion, such as the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence, as well as well-known religious homilies King was able to get a significant proportion of

Nick Sharman


Martin Luther King, Jr. and the Power of Nonviolence. [Lesson Plan].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This lesson plan introduces students in grades 6-8 to Martin Luther King Jr.'s philosophy of nonviolence and the teachings of Mohandas K. Gandhi that influenced King's views. After considering the political impact of this philosophy, students explore its relevance to personal life. In these 6 lessons students will: (1) examine the philosophy of…

National Endowment for the Humanities (NFAH), Washington, DC.


50 CFR 622.378 - Seasonal closures of the Gulf group king mackerel gillnet fishery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...from July 1 until 6 a.m. on the day after the Martin Luther King Jr. Federal holiday. The gillnet fishery also is...holidays, except for the first weekend following the Martin Luther King Jr. holiday which will remain open to the...



The rhetoric of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.: Comedy and context in tragic collision  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several critics of the rhetoric of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., have noted changes in the content and style of his address toward the end of his career. None, though, have made a systematic generic assessment of those changes, nor have they linked such generic transformations to King's altered situation, the new type of movement he was then leading, the

Edward C. Appel



Martin Luther King, the American dream and Vietnam: A collision of rhetorical trajectories  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay explores the rhetorical complexity of Martin Luther King's dual role as political and moral leader, particularly during his last years when he was attacked for his opposition to the Vietnam War. By: 1) discussing and developing the theoretical value and critical possibilities associated with the term “rhetorical trajectories,”; 2) tracing the trajectories present in King's rhetoric in order

George N. Dionisopoulos; Victoria J. Gallagher; Steven R. Goldzwig; David Zarefsky



50 CFR Figure 11 to Part 679 - Red King Crab Savings Area (RKCSA)  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...and Fisheries 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Red King Crab Savings Area (RKCSA) 11 Figure 11 to Part 679...ZONE OFF ALASKA Pt. 679, Fig. 11 Figure 11 to Part 679—Red King Crab Savings Area (RKCSA) ER15NO99.009 [64...



The Agronomy and Economy of Black Pepper ( Piper nigrum L.) —The “King of Spices”  

Microsoft Academic Search

Black pepper, popularly known as the “King of Spices”, has a very checkered history dating back to the times of Queen Sheeba and King Solomon (BC 1015–BC 66) and has influenced the destiny of nations and their people, spread across the world, both economically and culturally. Today pepper commands the leading position among the different spices as the spice of

K. P. Prabhakaran Nair




E-print Network

VIDEO SUMMARIZATION BY SPATIAL-TEMPORAL GRAPH OPTIMIZATION Shi Lu, Michael R. Lyu, Irwin King SAR {slu, lyu, king} ABSTRACT In this paper we present a novel approach for video sum-temporal content cov- erage and visual coherence of the video summary. The ap- proach has three stages. First

King, Kuo Chin Irwin


3 CFR 8927 - Proclamation 8927 of January 18, 2013. Martin Luther King, Jr., Federal Holiday, 2013  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., delivered his “I Have a Dream” speech, challenging America to take up the worthy task...progress has brought us closer than ever to achieving Dr. King's dream, but our work is not yet done. Too many young...



Importance of genetic maps, Mary-Claire KingSite: DNA Interactive (  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Interviewee: Mary-Claire King DNAi Location:Applications>Genes and medicine>gene hunting>Markers Moving slowly Mary-Claire King talks about the tedious process of hunting for genes in the days before genetic maps (based on thousands of markers) were readily available.




E-print Network

of the horror genre at all (The Shawshank Redemption, Stand By Me and The Green Mile all come to mind). The tendency to pigeonhole King as “the master of horror”22 or “America’s boogeyman”23 is part of the reason that the academics who do engage with King...

McMurray, Rachel Elizabeth



The King Tide Photo Initiative is an international project which aims to  

E-print Network

The King Tide Photo Initiative is an international project which aims to document areas flooded by the most extreme winter high tides. These high water events allow us to visualize now how sea level rise. Then visit Oregon's King Tide website and pick a day and time to photograph high water levels. Website

Tullos, Desiree


Movements of King Mackerel, Scomberomoru5 cavalla, Tagged in Southeast Louisiana, 1983-85  

E-print Network

Movements of King Mackerel, Scomberomoru5 cavalla, Tagged in Southeast Louisiana, 1983-85 WILLIAM A. FABLE, Jr., LEE TRENT, GILBERT W. BANE, and STEVEN W. ELLSWORTH Introduction The king mackere of previous mark- William A. Fable. Jr.. and Lee Trem are with the NMFS Southeast Fisheries Center's Panama


Rock deterioration in the Royal Tomb of Seti I, Valley of the Kings, Luxor, Egypt  

Microsoft Academic Search

A comparison of present tomb conditions of the Royal Tomb of Seti I in the Valley of the Kings with Burton's photographs (1921–1928) reveals that the rock structure and tomb decoration have undergone severe deterioration. In fact, several other Royal Tombs in the Valley of the Kings have shown similar decay features. Most of the Royal Tombs in the Valley

Raphael A. J. Wüst; James McLane



50 CFR Figure 11 to Part 679 - Red King Crab Savings Area (RKCSA)  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...and Fisheries 13 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Red King Crab Savings Area (RKCSA) 11 Figure 11 to Part 679...ZONE OFF ALASKA Pt. 679, Fig. 11 Figure 11 to Part 679—Red King Crab Savings Area (RKCSA) ER15NO99.009 [64...



50 CFR Figure 11 to Part 679 - Red King Crab Savings Area (RKCSA)  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...and Fisheries 13 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Red King Crab Savings Area (RKCSA) 11 Figure 11 to Part 679...ZONE OFF ALASKA Pt. 679, Fig. 11 Figure 11 to Part 679—Red King Crab Savings Area (RKCSA) ER15NO99.009 [64...



50 CFR Figure 11 to Part 679 - Red King Crab Savings Area (RKCSA)  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...and Fisheries 13 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Red King Crab Savings Area (RKCSA) 11 Figure 11 to Part 679...ZONE OFF ALASKA Pt. 679, Fig. 11 Figure 11 to Part 679—Red King Crab Savings Area (RKCSA) ER15NO99.009 [64...



BOREAS AFM-2 Wyoming King Air 1994 Aircraft Sounding Data  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The BOREAS AFM-2 team used the University of Wyoming King Air aircraft during IFCs 1, 2, and 3 in 1994 to collected pass-by-pass fluxes (and many other statistics) for the large number of level (constant altitude), straight-line passes used in a variety of flight patterns over the SSA and NSA and areas along the transect between these study areas. The data described here form a second set, namely soundings that were incorporated into nearly every research flight by the King Air in 1994. These soundings generally went from near the surface to above the inversion layer. Most were flown immediately after takeoff or immediately after finishing the last flux pattern of that particular day's flights. The parameters that were measured include wind direction, wind speed, west wind component (u), south wind component (v), static pressure, air dry bulb temperature, potential temperature, dewpoint, temperature, water vapor mixing ratio, and CO2 concentration. Data on the aircraft's location, attitude, and altitude during data collection are also provided. These data are stored in tabular ASCH files. The data files are available on a CD-ROM (see document number 20010000884) or from the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC).

Kelly, Robert D.; Hall, Forrest G. (Editor); Knapp, David E. (Editor); Smith, David E. (Technical Monitor)



Epidemiologic and immunologic studies in processors of the king crab.  


Following the report of ten cases of respiratory illness in processors of frozen king crab, we investigated the conditions of work and the pulmonary and immunologic status of the workers in three crab-processing and one fish-packing (control) plant. Pulmonary function was measured before and after work, and skin tests were performed in subgroups matched for age, sex, and duration of current employment. The antibody response to king crab antigens was examined in sera from the subgroups and another (unrelated) control group. Extracts of crab meat, shell, and processing dust were used for skin testing and precipitin detection. FEV1, FVC, and MEFR decreased during the day in two crab processors, and precipitins were evident in sera from nine, but findings were normal in the fish packers. Crab meat elicited the strongest response, with multiple precipitin bands in some cases. Control sera showed no reaction. There was correlation between serology, results of skin tests, and symptoms. It is concluded that the inhalation of aerosolized crab antigen(s) may cause respiratory symptoms and can cause immunologic effects similar to those caused by other occupational respiratory allergens. We recommend preplacement and periodic medical examination of workers in crab-processing plants, improved ventilation in processing areas, and programs to discourage smoking. PMID:3976663

Orford, R R; Wilson, J T



Geothermal element, Imperial County, California  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Research methodology a brief history of geothermal development in the county, and a general history and physical characteristics of the county are described. A framework of the county master plan for geothermal development, its implications, and short and long range planning procedures was also considered.

Edmunds, S.; Sullivan, J.; Goldsmith, M.



Orange County Florida Master Gardener  

E-print Network

Orange County Florida Master Gardener OOffffiicciiaall VVoolluunntteeeerr GGuuiiddeebbooookk #12;iii Welcome to the Orange County Florida Master Gardener Volunteer Program. You have been selected to study as a Master Educator of landscape and garden knowledge. The Orange County Florida Master Gardener

Jawitz, James W.


Interpreting the Discursive Field of the Montgomery Bus Boycott: Martin Luther King Jr.'s Holt Street Address  

Microsoft Academic Search

Widely recognized for its historical significance, the Montgomery bus boycott is understudied as a rhetorical phenomenon. This essay analyzes the protest’s first oration, King’s Holt Street Address, arguing that the text interacts with a rich discursive field, interprets that field to unify the black community and constrain its modes of protest, and anticipates a metaphysical foundation in King’s philosophy of

Kirt H. Wilson



Antihemorrhagin in the blood serum of king cobra (Ophiophagus hannah): purification and characterization.  


King cobra (Ophiophagus hannah) serum was found to possess antihemorrhagic activity against king cobra hemorrhagin. The activity was stronger than that in commercial king cobra antivenom. An antihemorrhagin has been purified by ion exchange chromatography, affinity chromatography and gel filtration with a 22-fold purification and an overall yield of 12% of the total antihemorrhagic activity contained in crude serum. The purified antihemorrhagin was homogeneous in disc-PAGE and SDS-PAGE. Its apparent molecular weight determined by SDS-PAGE was 120 kDa. The antihemorrhagin was also active against other hemorrhagic snake venoms obtained in Thailand and Japan such as Calloselasma rhodostoma, Trimeresurus albolabris, Trimeresurus macrops and Trimeresurus flavoviridis (Japanese Habu). It inhibited the proteolytic activity of king cobra venom. It is an acid- and thermolabile protein and does not form precipitin lines against king cobra venom. PMID:12875876

Chanhome, Lawan; Khow, Orawan; Omori-Satoh, Tamotsu; Sitprija, Visith



A Past Hero: Reading and Writing about Martin Luther King, Jr.  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson uses the nonfiction texts Martin's Big Words: The Life of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. by Doreen Rappaport and Martin Luther King Day by Linda Lowery to give students the opportunity to understand the life of Martin Luther King, Jr. and why we still honor him today. Using the second book, they will answer who, what, when, where, how, and why questions about the text. Students will create a graphic organizer that uses adjectives to describe Martin Luther King, Jr. and they will use the information gained from reading this text to support their descriptions. For their final assessment, students will write an opinion piece describing Martin Luther King, Jr. and use supporting details from the text. They will use the linking word "because" in their writing and also include opening and closing statements. Teachers also have the option to give students a multiple choice/short answer comprehension test as another way to assess their understanding of the text.



Westchester County Employers Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Westchester County Employers Survey was done in May 2003 in order learn more about employee training needs, how they accomplished these needs, and how it would be possible for the Westchester Community College to fulfill these needs. Out of the 639 surveys sent, 145 were returned in a satisfactory format, which produces a 22.6% return rate.…

Lee, Marcia M.


Washington County Comprehensive plan  

E-print Network

Washington County Comprehensive plan · 2010 4. makIng The Case for PlannIng 17 Collective vs. Individual Inventory & Assessment - Bodies of Water: Lakes, Rivers, and Streams 81 Inventory & Assessment - Forests and Parkland 82 Inventory & Assessment - Wetlands 82 Inventory & Assessment - Agricultural/Farmland 82



EPA Science Inventory

This data is available for the entire region. The level of detail is primarily suited for region/state/county/basin sized maps. The borders are not accurate enough for small areas like sub-basins and site areas. We use this coverage for general backgrounds and borders only. T...


Martin Luther King Jr. and other black activists were imprisoned but continued the civil rights movement from behind bars.  

E-print Network

Martin Luther King Jr. and other black activists were imprisoned but continued the civil rights the upsurge of the civil rights movement, particularly in Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.'s "Letter from Birmingham: the liberation of a people. A History of African American Dissent Imprisoned The imprisonment of King

Martinez, Tony R.


Realizing King's Dream in the "Fierce Urgency of Now": Establishing Inter (and Intra) Group Dialogue, Forging Alliances,  

E-print Network

Realizing King's Dream in the "Fierce Urgency of Now": Establishing Inter (and Intra) Group Luther King Jr. lived and taught the importance of community in seeking his dream of equality. He wrote from across and within. In his "I Have a Dream" speech, Dr. King stated that the marvelous new

Indiana University


76 FR 5326 - Fisheries of the Caribbean, Gulf of Mexico, and South Atlantic; King and Spanish Mackerel Coastal...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Mexico, and South Atlantic; King and Spanish Mackerel Coastal Migratory Pelagic Fishery...control future access to the king and Spanish mackerel components of the coastal migratory...of September 17, 2010, for king and Spanish mackerel. The Council requested a...



Dynamic temporal patterns of nearshore seepage flux in a headwater Adirondack lake  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Although seepage in lakes is known to vary as a function of precipitation and watershed characteristics, temporal patterns of seepage flux over daily and weekly time scales have not been extensively studied with a concentrated effort of direct measurement of seepage in nearshore areas. In this study, seepage was intensively measured with seepage meters over two summers and during snowmelt in Lower Sylvan Pond, a small lake in the Adirondack Mountains region of New York State, USA. A consistent pattern of slight discharge (never exceeding 105 mL m -2 h -1) was observed at three stations along a segment of the shoreline near the inlet stream. A distinct temporal pattern of seepage was observed at three stations along another portion of the shoreline. Seepage discharged (>400 mL m -2 h -1) for a portion of the summer in 1998 and then shifted to recharge (<-500 mL m -2 h -1) for the remainder of the summer. A similar temporal pattern was observed again in 1999 but the transition to recharge occurred earlier and higher rates of discharge (610 mL m -2 h -1) and recharge (-608 mL m -2 h -1) were recorded. Additionally, seepage at these three stations increased after large rainfall events and a pronounced episodic increase of seepage was measured during snowmelt. Distinct seepage patterns along portions of the shoreline show that seepage can vary considerably within seasons and suggests a need to consider changes of seepage over time periods of days to weeks as well as among seasons and years. This study demonstrates that the resolution of temporal seepage data can be important to the understanding of water fluxes to aquatic ecosystems.

Sebestyen, Stephen D.; Schneider, Rebecca L.



Exploring the nearshore marine wind profile from field measurements and numerical hindcast  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Wind power is the predominant offshore renewable energy resource. In the last years, offshore wind farms have become a technically feasible source of electrical power. The economic feasibility of offshore wind farms depends on the quality of the offshore wind conditions compared to that of onshore sites. Installation and maintenance costs must be balanced with more hours and a higher quality of the available resources. European offshore wind development has revealed that the optimum offshore sites are those in which the distance from the coast is limited with high available resource. Due to the growth in the height of the turbines and the complexity of the coast, with interactions between inland wind/coastal orography and ocean winds, there is a need for field measurements and validation of numerical models to understand the marine wind profile near the coast. Moreover, recent studies have pointed out that the logarithmic law describing the vertical wind profile presents limitations. The aim of this work is to characterize the nearshore vertical wind profile in the medium atmosphere boundary layer. Instrumental observations analyzed in this work come from the Idermar project ( Three floating masts deployed at different locations on the Cantabrian coast provide wind measurements from a height of 20 to 90 meters. Wind speed and direction are measured as well as several meteorological variables at different heights of the profile. The shortest wind time series has over one year of data. A 20 year high-resolution atmospheric hindcast, using the WRF-ARW model and focusing on hourly offshore wind fields, is also analyzed. Two datasets have been evaluated: a European reanalysis with a ~15 Km spatial resolution, and a hybrid downscaling of wind fields with a spatial resolution of one nautical mile over the northern coast of Spain.. These numerical hindcasts have been validated based on field measurement data. Several parameterizations of the vertical wind profile are evaluated and, based on this work, a particular parameterization of the wind profile is proposed.

del Jesus, F.; Menendez, M.; Guanche, R.; Losada, I.



Aspects of Benthic Decapod Diversity and Distribution from Rocky Nearshore Habitat at Geographically Widely Dispersed Sites  

PubMed Central

Relationships of diversity, distribution and abundance of benthic decapods in intertidal and shallow subtidal waters to 10 m depth are explored based on data obtained using a standardized protocol of globally-distributed samples. Results indicate that decapod species richness overall is low within the nearshore, typically ranging from one to six taxa per site (mean?=?4.5). Regionally the Gulf of Alaska decapod crustacean community structure was distinguishable by depth, multivariate analysis indicating increasing change with depth, where assemblages of the high and mid tide, low tide and 1 m, and 5 and 10 m strata formed three distinct groups. Univariate analysis showed species richness increasing from the high intertidal zone to 1 m subtidally, with distinct depth preferences among the 23 species. A similar depth trend but with peak richness at 5 m was observed when all global data were combined. Analysis of latitudinal trends, confined by data limitations, was equivocal on a global scale. While significant latitudinal differences existed in community structure among ecoregions, a semi-linear trend in changing community structure from the Arctic to lower latitudes did not hold when including tropical results. Among boreal regions the Canadian Atlantic was relatively species poor compared to the Gulf of Alaska, whereas the Caribbean and Sea of Japan appeared to be species hot spots. While species poor, samples from the Canadian Atlantic were the most diverse at the higher infraordinal level. Linking 11 environmental variables available for all sites to the best fit family-based biotic pattern showed a significant relationship, with the single best explanatory variable being the level of organic pollution and the best combination overall being organic pollution and primary productivity. While data limitations restrict conclusions in a global context, results are seen as a first-cut contribution useful in generating discussion and more in-depth work in the still poorly understood field of biodiversity distribution. PMID:21533220

Pohle, Gerhard; Iken, Katrin; Clarke, K. Robert; Trott, Thomas; Konar, Brenda; Cruz-Motta, Juan José; Wong, Melisa; Benedetti-Cecchi, Lisandro; Mead, Angela; Miloslavich, Patricia; Mieszkowska, Nova; Milne, Rebecca; Tamburello, Laura; Knowlton, Ann; Kimani, Edward; Shirayama, Yoshihisa



Linear Scour Depressions or Bedforms? Using Interferometric Sonar to Investigate Nearshore Sediment Transport  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A series of ambiguous features on the seafloor off the coast of Provincetown, Massachusetts USA has been identified in two bathymetric lidar surveys (2007, 2010) conducted by the US Army Corps of Engineers. Similar features in the area have been described as linear scour depressions by other investigators, but at deeper water depths. These features exhibit some of the characteristics of bedforms, they have migrated tens of meters and maintained similar 3 dimensional morphologies. However, what would be described as the slipface more closely resembles the updrift face of a linear scour depression. The features are in relatively shallow water (9 - 15 m), are 150 - 200 m long, have spacings of 100 - 150 m and are 5-6 m in height. Further investigations are being undertaken to better understand these features and nearshore sediment transport in the area. The features appear along a high energy, accreting coast with both strong wave-driven sediment flux and tidal currents. Mapping of the study area with an interferometric sonar system, which collects coincident swath bathymetry and acoustic backscatter imagery, is ongoing. Interferometric sonar increases bathymetric swath width to depth ratios, in comparison to multibeam systems, and expedites data collection by reducing costs, vessel-time and hazards associated with navigating shallow waters. In addition, sediment grab samples and a series of seismic reflection profiles will also be collected in the area to ground-truth acoustic imagery and provide a subsurface framework for the features, respectively. These datasets will allow investigators to better document bottom conditions, estimate flow velocities needed to create these features and improve our understanding of sediment transport processes and pathways in the area.

Borrelli, M.; Giese, G. S.; Dingman, S. L.; Gontz, A. M.; Adams, M. B.; Norton, A. R.; Brown, T. L.



Survey of the state of the art in near-shore pipeline location and burial assessment  

SciTech Connect

Project's objective is to evaluate state-of-the-art methods for locating pipelines in shallow (less than 15 ft) water and for determining and monitoring their burial depths. The following recommendations are made on the research needed in three areas for locating near-shore, shallowly buried pipelines: (1) Sensors: The pipeline industry has selected the magnetic gradiometer array (GA) as a preferred sensor method. Other potential methods exist as backups. No additional research is recommended. (2) Remotely Operated Vehicles (ROVs): The Pipeline Research Committee is pursuing development of a prototype ROV is deliver the GA or other similar equipment to pipeline locations. (3) Phenomena: The data being collected from research on the phenomena affecting seabed conditions and the bathymetric data being collected along the Gulf Coast should be synthesized. This new effort should focus on identifying erosion-prone areas with respect to present and potential future pipeline locations. Technical approach is to get the broadest perspective on the concerns related to the determination of burial conditions for offshore pipelines, Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) contacted individuals and organizations from the gas and petroleum industries, hardware and software vendors, academicians, and representatives from the government. A literature survey yielded the names of persons within academia who are presently working on similar applications with sensors. In the oil and gas industry, individuals and organizations involved in the Pipeline Research Committee made extensive contributions to the review and also provided the names of meaningful contacts from among their vendors. Discussions were held with the various persons both on the telephone and face to face. Vendors provided background materials and overview presentations on their capabilities for ANL to review.

Wilkey, P.L. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States))



Dynamics of a nearshore bar system in the northern Adriatic: A video-based morphological classification  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The aim of this paper is to define a simplified morphodynamic classification suitable for low energy beaches exposed to microtidal conditions. The study site is located in the northern Adriatic (in Italy), it is an almost 2 km-long rectilinear beach bordered at the northern edge by coastal structures and at the southern end by a small river inlet. The mechanisms related to the evolution of the submerged part of the beach were derived from video-monitoring using Argus technology. The morphodynamic evolution of the system was studied using an automatic procedure on images for the characterisation of nearshore bars that showed good correspondence with hand-based (visual) interpretation. To apply this automatic procedure, the bar's plan crest shape was mapped using cross-shore pixel luminosity transects traced on time-averaged video images. A careful sensitivity analysis was undertaken to determine the best spacing between transects for the correct tracing of the shape of the bar crest. The error associated to a transect spacing every 25 m resulted in being comparable with the pixel resolution in the area and with the error found comparing the video interpretation with bathymetric surveys. From the study of a four and a half year dataset (February 2003-May 2007), the submerged beach was found to be characterised by the presence of a single bar in the area next to coastal protection structures. However, moving southwards of these, inner and outer bars were present. The morphodynamics of the outer bar and its plan shape modifications were dominated by rhythmic forms. Occasionally, after high energy events, the bar became rectilinear but during the following lower energy periods rhythmicity was re-established, supporting the hypothesis of self-organization mechanisms. The cross-shore position of the bar's crests only showed limited cross-shore mobility through time.

Armaroli, Clara; Ciavola, Paolo



Coral Colonisation of an Artificial Reef in a Turbid Nearshore Environment, Dampier Harbour, Western Australia  

PubMed Central

A 0.6 hectare artificial reef of local rock and recycled concrete sleepers was constructed in December 2006 at Parker Point in the industrial port of Dampier, western Australia, with the aim of providing an environmental offset for a nearshore coral community lost to land reclamation. Corals successfully colonised the artificial reef, despite the relatively harsh environmental conditions at the site (annual water temperature range 18-32°C, intermittent high turbidity, frequent cyclones, frequent nearby ship movements). Coral settlement to the artificial reef was examined by terracotta tile deployments, and later stages of coral community development were examined by in-situ visual surveys within fixed 25 x 25 cm quadrats on the rock and concrete substrates. Mean coral density on the tiles varied from 113 ± 17 SE to 909 ± 85 SE per m2 over five deployments, whereas mean coral density in the quadrats was only 6.0 ± 1.0 SE per m2 at eight months post construction, increasing to 24.0 ± 2.1 SE per m2 at 62 months post construction. Coral taxa colonising the artificial reef were a subset of those on the surrounding natural reef, but occurred in different proportions—Pseudosiderastreatayami, Mycediumelephantotus and Leptastreapurpurea being disproportionately abundant on the artificial reef. Coral cover increased rapidly in the later stages of the study, reaching 2.3 ± 0.7 SE % at 62 months post construction. This study indicates that simple materials of opportunity can provide a suitable substrate for coral recruitment in Dampier Harbour, and that natural colonisation at the study site remains sufficient to initiate a coral community on artificial substrate despite ongoing natural and anthropogenic perturbations. PMID:24040405

Blakeway, David; Byers, Michael; Stoddart, James; Rossendell, Jason



Estimation of wave phase speed and nearshore bathymetry from video imagery  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A new remote sensing technique based on video image processing has been developed for the estimation of nearshore bathymetry. The shoreward propagation of waves is measured using pixel intensity time series collected at a cross-shore array of locations using remotely operated video cameras. The incident band is identified, and the cross-spectral matrix is calculated for this band. The cross-sho