Note: This page contains sample records for the topic king county nearshore from Science.gov.
While these samples are representative of the content of Science.gov,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of Science.gov
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.
Last update: November 12, 2013.
1

King County Nearshore Habitat Mapping Data Report: Picnic Point to Shilshole Bay Marina  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this study is to provide accurate, georeferenced maps of benthic habitats to assist in the siting of a new wastewater treatment plant outfall and the assessment of habitats of endangered, threatened, and economically important species. The mapping was conducted in the fall of 1999 using two complementary techniques: side-scan sonar and underwater videography. Products derived from these techniques include geographic information system (GIS) compatible polygon data of substrate type and vegetation cover, including eelgrass and kelp. Additional GIS overlays include underwater video track line data of total macroalgae, selected macroalgal species, fish, and macroinvertebrates. The combined tools of geo-referenced side-scan sonar and underwater video is a powerful technique for assessing and mapping of nearshore habitat in Puget Sound. Side-scan sonar offers the ability to map eelgrass with high spatial accuracy and resolution, and provides information on patch size, shape, and coverage. It also provides information on substrate change and location of specific targets (e.g., piers, docks, pilings, large boulders, debris piles). The addition of underwater video is a complementary tool providing both groundtruthing for the sonar and additional information on macro fauna and flora. As a groundtruthing technique, the video was able to confirm differences between substrate types, as well as detect subtle spatial changes in substrate. It also verified information related to eelgrass, including the density classification categories and the type of substrate associated with eelgrass, which could not be determined easily with side- scan sonar. Video is also a powerful tool for mapping the location of macroalgae, (including kelp and Ulva), fish and macroinvertebrates. The ability to geo-locate these resources in their functional habitat provides an added layer of information and analytical potential.

Woodruff, Dana L.; Farley, Paul J.; Borde, Amy B.; Southard, John A.; Thom, Ronald M.

2000-12-31

2

King County Snapshots  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This fine photographic archive serves as both a great repository of visual historical documentation of the King County area (which includes Seattle) in the state of Washington, as a good example of a collaborative partnership between various organizations. The partnership includes bringing together the visual collections of ten small historical organizations in tandem with the University of Washington and Seattle's Museum of History and Industry. Visitors can read about the working relationship between the organizations, view training materials from three workshops (such as one on image selection), and examine a list of online resources on subjects such as scanning digital images and metadata guidelines. Lest one forget the extensive visual materials (over 12,000 items as of the last count), visitors may search across each distinct collection, or elect to browse through each one individually. To get visitors started with using the archive, a number of sample searches are provided here as well.

3

Third Annual Report: 2006 Pre-Construction Eelgrass Monitoring and Propagation for King County Outfall Mitigation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

King County proposes to build a new sewer outfall discharging to Puget Sound near Point Wells, Washington. Construction is scheduled for 2008. The Point Wells site was selected to minimize effects on the nearshore marine environment, but unavoidable impac...

D. L. Woodruff S. L. Southard V. I. Cullinan N. P. Kohn M. G. Anderson J. Vavrinec

2007-01-01

4

Fourth Annual Report: 2007 Pre-Construction Eelgrass Monitoring and Propagation for King County Outfall Mitigation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

King County proposes to build a new sewer outfall discharging to Puget Sound near Point Wells, Washington. Construction is scheduled for 2008. The Point Wells site was selected to minimize effects on the nearshore marine environment, but unavoidable impac...

D. L. Woodrull J. Vavrinec N. P. Kohn S. L. Southard V. I. Cullinan

2007-01-01

5

Fourth Annual Report: 2007 PreConstruction Eelgrass Monitoring and Propagation for King County Outfall Mitigation  

Microsoft Academic Search

King County proposes to build a new sewer outfall discharging to Puget Sound near Point Wells, Washington. Construction is scheduled for 2008. The Point Wells site was selected to minimize effects on the nearshore marine environment, but unavoidable impacts to eelgrass (Zostera marina) beds are anticipated during construction. To mitigate these impacts and prepare for post-construction restoration, King County began

Dana L. Woodruff; Nancy P. Kohn; Valerie I. Cullinan; Susan S. Southard; John Vavrinec

2007-01-01

6

The Founding of a Medical Service Bureau in King County, Washington, 1933  

PubMed Central

The events leading to the establishment of the King County Medical Service Corporation, now King County Medical-Blue Shield, were varied and complex. Under pressure, the King County Medical Society redefined its code of ethics, expanded its view of acceptable practice and gave birth to a major provider of prepaid health care services.

Helgerson, Steven D.

1976-01-01

7

76 FR 10938 - Notice To Rescind a Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement: King County, WA  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for improvements that were proposed for Forest Road 56 in King County, Washington northeast...had been proposed to improve Forest Road 56, Middle Fork Snoqualmie River Road, in King County, Washington....

2011-02-28

8

Human Services in King County: An Introduction for Decision-Makers. Volume I.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Human services needs in King County, Washington are assessed, and services available for meeting those needs in 14 subject areas are discussed. Data for the assessment were obtained by two basic methods: (1) research into the literature and published and ...

1975-01-01

9

Malaria in refugees from Tanzania--King County, Washington, 2007.  

PubMed

Recent immigrants and refugees constitute a substantial proportion of malaria cases in the United States, accounting for nearly one in 10 imported malaria cases involving persons with known resident status in 2006. This report describes three cases of Plasmodium falciparum malaria and two cases of Plasmodium ovale malaria that occurred during June 27-October 15, 2007 in King County, Washington. The infections were diagnosed in Burundian refugees who had recently arrived in the United States from two refugee camps in Tanzania. Since 2005, CDC has recommended presumptive malaria treatment with artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) (e.g., artemether-lumefantrine) for refugees from sub-Saharan Africa before their departure for the United States (2). Rising levels of resistance to the previous mainstays of treatment, chloroquine and sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine, prompted CDC to make this recommendation. Implementation has been delayed in some countries, including Tanzania, where predeparture administration of presumptive ACT for refugees started in July 2007. The cases in this report highlight the need for health-care providers who care for recently arrived Burundian and other refugee populations to be vigilant for malaria, even among refugees previously treated for the disease. PMID:18701876

2008-08-15

10

Health Consultation: Kings Junior High School, Kings Mill, Warrent County, Ohio.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Health Assessment Section (HAS) of the Ohio Department of Health (ODH) was asked by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) to review analytical results of soil samples collected from the Kings Junior High School in Kings Mills, W...

2003-01-01

11

Radiological Instrumentation Assessment for King County Wastewater Treatment Division  

SciTech Connect

The King County Wastewater Treatment Division (WTD) have concern about the aftermath of a radiological dispersion event (RDE) leading to the introduction of significant quantities of radioactive material into its combined sanitary and storm sewer system. Radioactive material could come from the use of a radiological dispersion device (RDD). RDDs include "dirty bombs" that are not nuclear detonations but are explosives designed to spread radioactive material. Radioactive material also could come from deliberate introduction or dispersion of radioactive material into the environment, including waterways and water supply systems. Volume 2 of PNNL-15163 assesses the radiological instrumentation needs for detection of radiological or nuclear terrorism, in support of decisions to treat contaminated wastewater or to bypass the West Point Treatment Plant (WPTP), and in support of radiation protection of the workforce, the public, and the infrastructure of the WPTP. Fixed radiation detection instrumentation should be deployed in a defense-in-depth system that provides 1) early warning of significant radioactive material on the way to the WPTP, including identification of the radionuclide(s) and estimates of the soluble concentrations, with a floating detector located in the wet well at the Interbay Pump Station and telemetered via the internet to all authorized locations; 2) monitoring at strategic locations within the plant, including 2a) the pipe beyond the hydraulic ram in the bar screen room; 2b) above the collection funnels in the fine grit facility; 2c) in the sampling tank in the raw sewage pump room; and 2d) downstream of the concentration facilities that produce 6% blended and concentrated biosolids. Engineering challenges exist for these applications. It is necessary to deploy both ultra-sensitive detectors to provide early warning and identification and detectors capable of functioning in high-dose rate environments that are likely under some scenarios, capable of functioning from 10 microrems per hour (background) up to 1000 rems per hour. Software supporting fixed spectroscopic detectors is needed to provide prompt, reliable, and simple interpretations of spectroscopic outputs that are of use to operators and decision-makers. Software to provide scientists and homeland security personnel with sufficient technical detail for identification, quantification, waste management decisions, and for the inevitable forensic and attribution needs must be developed. Computational modeling using MCNP software has demonstrated that useful detection capabilities can be deployed. In particular, any of the isotopes examined can be detected at levels between 0.01 and 0.1 ?Ci per gallon. General purpose instruments that can be used to determine the nature and extent of radioactive contamination and measure radiation levels for purposes of protecting personnel and members of the public should be available. One or more portable radioisotope identifiers (RIIDs) should be available to WTD personnel. Small, portable battery-powered personal radiation monitors should be widely available WTD personnel. The personal monitors can be used for personal and group radiation protection decisions, and to alert management to the need to get expert backup. All considerations of radiological instrumentation require considerations of training and periodic retraining of personnel, as well as periodic calibration and maintenance of instruments. Routine “innocent” alarms will occur due to medical radionuclides that are legally discharged into sanitary sewers on a daily basis.

Strom, Daniel J.; McConn, Ronald J.; Brodzinski, Ronald L.

2005-05-19

12

Geology and ground-water resources of northwestern King County, Washington  

USGS Publications Warehouse

King County, in the west-central part of the State of Washington, includes about 2,135 square miles. The eastern part of the county lies in the Sierra-Cascade Mountains province and the remainder is in the Puget Trough of the Pacific Border province. The area covered by the present investigation is almost entirely within the Puget Trough and includes about 450 square miles.

Liesch, Bruce A.; Price, Charles E.; Walters, Kenneth L.

1963-01-01

13

Workplace Skills Enhancement Project, Seattle-King County Private Industry Council (PIC). Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Evaluative information is provided on 18 completed workplace literacy classes conducted in the Seattle-King County, Washington, area for 218 limited English proficient workers. The programs were operated by the Employment Opportunities Center and the Refugee Service Federation. Participants were members of the following ethnic groups: Vietnamese,…

Snedeker, David M.

14

Faith in Their Futures: The Youth and Congregations in Partnership Program of the Kings County (Brooklyn, NY) District Attorney's Office.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report is about an innovative local program, operated by the Kings County (Brooklyn, New York) District Attorney's Office, which aims to reduce criminal recidivism, subsequent adult criminality and self-destructive behaviors among young offenders. As...

S. Blank F. Davie

2004-01-01

15

Upper Strawn (Desmoinesian) carbonte and clastic depositional environments, southeastern King County, Texas  

SciTech Connect

The Pennsylvanian upper Strawn Group of southeastern King County, Texas, provides a unique setting to study interactions between coeval carbonate and clastic deposition during the Desmoinesian. One of the most perplexing problems is the relationship of massive Pennsylvanian platform carbonates to shallow-water terrigenous clastic sediments. Within the study area, carbonate facies were deposited along the northern edge of the Knox-Baylor trough on the Spur platform, and terrigenous clastics were carried toward the Midland basin through the Knox-Baylor trough. Based on the analysis of subsurface cores, five carbonate lithofacies and four clastic lithofacies were recognized in southeastern King County, Texas. The distribution and geometry of these lithofacies are related to variations in the rate of subsidence in the Knox-Baylor trough, Pennsylvanian tectonics, deltaic progradation, avulsion, and compaction. The platform carbonates within the northern region of southeastern King County record environments within the carbonate platform complex, including middle platform, outer platform, algal mound, and platform margin. The quartzarenitic sandstones within the southern region of southeastern King County occur in a variety of complex depositional geometries, including distributary-bar fingers, lobate deltas, and offshore bars. Cores of these sandstones represent mainly the uppermost portion of the various sandstone bodies. The upper Strawn Group provides an attractive area for exploration geology. Both carbonates and clastics provide excellent reservoirs from a depth of approximately 5,000-6,000 ft. Total production within the area is over 100 million bbl of oil since the early 1940s. Multiple pay zones within a 600-ft interval also provide an added incentive for exploration. Areas within and around the Knox-Baylor trough deserve a detailed study due to these relatively shallow, unexplored, multiple pay zones.

Boring, T.H. (Oryx Energy Co., Oklahoma City, OK (USA))

1990-02-01

16

Arterial roads and area socioeconomic status are predictors of fast food restaurant density in King County, WA  

PubMed Central

Background Fast food restaurants reportedly target specific populations by locating in lower-income and in minority neighborhoods. Physical proximity to fast food restaurants has been associated with higher obesity rates. Objective To examine possible associations, at the census tract level, between area demographics, arterial road density, and fast food restaurant density in King County, WA, USA. Methods Data on median household incomes, property values, and race/ethnicity were obtained from King County and from US Census data. Fast food restaurant addresses were obtained from Public Health-Seattle & King County and were geocoded. Fast food density was expressed per tract unit area and per capita. Arterial road density was a measure of vehicular and pedestrian access. Multivariate logistic regression models containing both socioeconomic status and road density were used in data analyses. Results Over one half (53.1%) of King County census tracts had at least one fast food restaurant. Mean network distance from dwelling units to a fast food restaurant countywide was 1.40 km, and 1.07 km for census tracts containing at least one fast food restaurant. Fast food restaurant density was significantly associated in regression models with low median household income (p < 0.001) and high arterial road density (p < 0.001) but not with percent of residents who were nonwhite. Conclusion No significant association was observed between census tract minority status and fast food density in King County. Although restaurant density was linked to low household incomes, that effect was attenuated by arterial road density. Fast food restaurants in King County are more likely to be located in lower income neighborhoods and higher traffic areas.

Hurvitz, Philip M; Moudon, Anne V; Rehm, Colin D; Streichert, Laura C; Drewnowski, Adam

2009-01-01

17

The Impact of a Community-Based Chronic Disease Prevention Initiative: Evaluation Findings from "Steps to Health King County"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Steps to Health King County" ("Steps KC"; Seattle, Washington) was one of 40 community-level initiatives funded in 2003 as part of the "Steps to a HealthierUS" initiative. "Steps KC" goals included reducing the impact of chronic diseases through a comprehensive, coordinated approach and reducing health disparities due to chronic illness. "Steps…

Cheadle, Allen; Bourcier, Emily; Krieger, James; Beery, William; Smyser, Michael; Vinh, Diana V.; Lessler, Dan; Alfonsi, Lorrie

2011-01-01

18

The Impact of a Community-Based Chronic Disease Prevention Initiative: Evaluation Findings from "Steps to Health King County"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Steps to Health King County" ("Steps KC"; Seattle, Washington) was one of 40 community-level initiatives funded in 2003 as part of the "Steps to a HealthierUS" initiative. "Steps KC" goals included reducing the impact of chronic diseases through a comprehensive, coordinated approach and reducing health disparities due to chronic illness. "Steps…

Cheadle, Allen; Bourcier, Emily; Krieger, James; Beery, William; Smyser, Michael; Vinh, Diana V.; Lessler, Dan; Alfonsi, Lorrie

2011-01-01

19

Upper Strawn (Desmoinesian) carbonate and clastic depositional environments, SE King County, TX  

SciTech Connect

The Pennsylvanian upper Strawn Group of southeast King County, Texas, provides a unique setting to study interactions between coeval carbonate and clastic deposition during the Desmoinesian. One of the most perplexing problems is the relationship of massive Pennsylvanian platform carbonates to shallow-water marine and deltaic sediments. Within the study area carbonate facies were deposited along the northern edge of the Knox-Baylor trough on the Spur platform, and terrigenous clastics were carried toward the Midland basin through the Knox-Baylor trough. Based on the analysis of subsurface cores, five carbonate lithofacies and four clastic lithofacies were recognized in southeast King County, Texas. The distribution and geometry of these lithofacies are related to variations in the rate of subsidence in the Knox-Baylor trough, Pennsylvanian tectonics, deltaic progradation, avulsion and compaction. The platform carbonates within the northern region record environments within the carbonate platform complex, including middle platform, outer platform, algal mound, and platform margin. The quartzarenitic sandstones within the southern region occur in a variety of complex depositional geometries, including distributary bar fingers, lobate deltas, and offshore bars. The upper Strawn Group provides an attractive area for exploration geology. Both carbonates and clastics provide excellent reservoirs from a depth of approximately 5,000 to 6,000 ft. Total production since the early 1940s, within the area is over 100,000,000 bbl of oil. Multiple pay zones within a 600-ft interval also provide an added incentive for exploration. Areas within and around the Knox-Baylor trough deserve additional study due to these relatively shallow, unexplored, multiple pay zones.

Boring, T.H. (Oryx Energy Co., Oklahoma City, OK (USA))

1990-05-01

20

Residential property values are associated with obesity among women in King County, WA, USA.  

PubMed

Studies of social determinants of weight and health in the US have typically relied on self-reported education and incomes as the two primary measures of socioeconomic status (SES). The assessed value of one's home, an important component of wealth, may be a better measure of the underlying SES construct and a better predictor of obesity. The Seattle Obesity Study (SOS), conducted in 2008-9, was a cross-sectional random digit dial telephone survey of 2001 adults in King County, Washington State, US. Participants' addresses were geocoded and residential property values for each tax parcel were obtained from the county tax assessor's database. Prevalence ratios of obesity by property values, education, and household income were estimated separately for women and men, after adjusting for age, race/ethnicity, household size, employment status and home ownership. Among women, the inverse association between property values and obesity was very strong and independent of other SES factors. Women in the bottom quartile of property values were 3.4 times more likely to be obese than women in the top quartile. No association between property values and obesity was observed for men. The present data strengthen the evidence for a social gradient in obesity among women. Property values may represent a novel and objective measure of SES at the individual level in the US. Measures based on tax assessment data will provide a valuable resource for future health studies. PMID:22591823

Rehm, Colin D; Moudon, Anne V; Hurvitz, Philip M; Drewnowski, Adam

2012-04-26

21

Evaluation program effectiveness of household hazardous waste collection: The Seattle-King County experience  

SciTech Connect

The Seattle-King County Hazardous Waste Management Plan provides the framework for an intensive effort to keep Household Hazardous and Small Quantity Generator (SQG) wastes from entering the normal'' municipal waste streams. The Plan sets ambitious goals for diverting thousands of tons of hazardous wastes from being thrown, poured or dumped in the municipal waste stream. During the first five years, over $30 millon will be spent for a variety of HHW and SQG programs. The Plan incorporates a wide range of elements, including education, collection, and compliance components. Many of the hazardous waste education and collection programs have been developed in response to the Plan, so their effectiveness is still undetermined. A key component of the Plan is program evaluation. This report provides descriptions of two evaluation methods used to establish baselines for assessing the effectiveness of the Hazardous Waste Management Plan's programs. Focusing on the Plan's household hazardous waste programs, the findings of the baseline evaluations are discussed and conclusions are made. A general population survey, conducted through telephone interviews, was designed to assess changes in knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of area residents. Characterization of the solid waste stream was used to identify the hazardous constituents contributed to municipal solid waste by households. Monitoring changes in the amount of hazardous materials present in the waste stream was used to indicate whether or not Program strategies are influencing disposal behaviors. Comparing the data gathered by these two evaluation methods provided a unique opportunity to cross-check the findings and validate that change, if any, has occurred. From the comparisons, the report draws a number of conclusions.

Not Available

1991-10-01

22

Benthic megafauna of the nearshore zone of Martel Inlet (King George Island, South Shetland Islands, Antarctica): depth zonation and underwater observations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The benthic megafauna from the soft bottoms of the shallow coastal zone of Martel Inlet (Admiralty Bay, King George Island,\\u000a South Shetland Islands, Antarctica) was studied during three austral summers (1989\\/1990, 1990\\/1991 and 1994\\/1995) in relation\\u000a to the bathymetric features. Surveying and sampling, based on specimen counting and underwater observations, were undertaken\\u000a by scuba-diving at depths down to 25?m. The

Edmundo Ferraz Nonato; Tânia A. S. Brito; Paulo Cesar De Paiva; Monica A. V. Petti; Thais N. Corbisier

2000-01-01

23

Results of routine restaurant inspections can predict outbreaks of foodborne illness: the Seattle-King County experience.  

PubMed Central

To analyze the association between the results of routine inspections and foodborne outbreaks in restaurants, we conducted a matched case-control study using available data from Seattle-King County, Washington. Case restaurants were facilities with a reported foodborne outbreak between January 1, 1986 and March 31, 1987 (N = 28). Two control restaurants with no reported outbreaks during this period were matched to each case restaurant on county health district and date of routine inspection (N = 56). Data from the routine inspection that preceded the outbreak (for case restaurants) or the date-matched routine inspection (for control restaurants) were abstracted from computerized inspection records. Case restaurants had a significantly lower mean inspection score (83.8 on a 0 to 100 point scale) than control restaurants (90.9). Restaurants with poor inspection scores and violations of proper temperature controls of potentially hazardous foods were, respectively, five and ten times more likely to have outbreaks than restaurants with better results. Although this study demonstrates that Seattle-King County's routine inspection form can successfully identify restaurants at increased risk of foodborne outbreaks, it also illustrates that more emphasis on regulation and education is needed to prevent outbreaks in restaurants with poor inspection results.

Irwin, K; Ballard, J; Grendon, J; Kobayashi, J

1989-01-01

24

EDUCATING SHORELINE LANDOWNERS: EXAMPLES FROM KING, WHATCOM, KITSAP, JEFFERSON, MASON AND PIERCE COUNTIES A Perspective on Approaches and Effectiveness in eliciting on-the-ground change  

Microsoft Academic Search

From 2001 to the present date, the Puget Sound Action Team (PSAT), a state entity charged with protecting and preserving the Sound, partnered with a large number of public and private entities, citizen's groups and universities to coordinate a series of educational workshops targeted at marine shoreline landowners in Jefferson, King, Kitsap, Pierce, Mason and Whatcom counties. The purpose of

Kathy Taylor; Hilary Culverwell; John Cambalik

2005-01-01

25

Insurance, income, and access to ambulatory care in King County, Washington.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES. We studied simultaneous effects of income and insurance on access measures in an indigent population, focusing on Medicaid and the marginal effects of increasing income. METHODS. Surveys were distributed in waiting rooms of county clinics and welfare offices. Models examined insurance (private, Medicaid, or none), income (to twice the poverty level), single-parent status, age, gender, and presence of a regular source of care; first-order interactions were evaluated. RESULTS. In terms of ease of access, postponing care, and having a regular source of care, uninsured respondents fared worst and Medicaid recipients were at an intermediate level. However, relative to those with private insurance, Medicaid recipients had four times the odds, and uninsured respondents twice the odds of being denied care. Income had no consistent effect; however, older, poorer people may have greater problems. For preventive services, income was significant, while differences between Medicaid and private insurance were generally not significant. CONCLUSIONS. Except for denial of care, access for indigent people is improved by Medicaid but remains worse than the access of those with private insurance. Income had variable effects, but support for income criteria used for public insurance eligibility was not found.

Saver, B G; Peterfreund, N

1993-01-01

26

Understanding Barriers to Routine HIV Screening: Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices of Healthcare Providers in King County, Washington  

PubMed Central

Objective In 2006, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommended routine HIV screening in healthcare settings for persons between 13 and 64 years old. In 2010, the Washington Administrative Code (WAC) was changed to align testing rules with these recommendations. We designed this survey to ascertain the current state of HIV testing and barriers to routine screening in King County, Washington. Methods Between March 23 and April 16, 2010, a convenience sample of healthcare providers completed an online survey. Providers answered true-false and multiple choice questions about national recommendations and the WAC, policies in their primary clinical settings, and their personal HIV testing practices. Providers were asked to agree or disagree whether commonly reported barriers limited their implementation of routine HIV screening. Results Although 76% of the 221 respondents knew that the CDC recommended routine HIV screening for persons regardless of their risk, 99 (45%) providers reported that their primary clinical setting had a policy to target testing based on patient risk factors. Forty-four (20%) providers reported that their primary clinical setting had a policy of routine HIV screening, 54 (25%) reported no official policy, and 15 (7%) did not know whether a policy existed. Only 11 (5%) providers offer HIV testing to all patients at initial visits. When asked about barriers to routine screening, 57% of providers agreed that perception that their patient population is low risk limits the number of HIV tests they perform. Only 26 (13%) providers agreed that concern about reimbursement posed a barrier to testing. Conclusions Most providers participating in this survey continue to target HIV testing, despite knowledge of national recommendations. Efforts are still needed to educate providers and policymakers, clarify the recent WAC revisions, and implement structural changes in order to increase HIV testing in Washington State.

Shirreffs, Alexandra; Lee, David P.; Henry, Jsani; Golden, Matthew R.; Stekler, Joanne D.

2012-01-01

27

Sensitivity analysis of the FEMA HAZUS-MH MR4 Earthquake Model using seismic events affecting King County Washington  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

HAZUS-MH MR4 (HAZards U. S. Multi-Hazard Maintenance Release 4) is a risk-estimation software developed by FEMA to calculate potential losses due to natural disasters. Federal, state, regional, and local government use the HAZUS-MH Earthquake Model for earthquake risk mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery planning (FEMA, 2003). In this study, we examine several parameters used by the HAZUS-MH Earthquake Model methodology to understand how modifying the user-defined settings affect ground motion analysis, seismic risk assessment and earthquake loss estimates. This analysis focuses on both shallow crustal and deep intraslab events in the American Pacific Northwest. Specifically, the historic 1949 Mw 6.8 Olympia, 1965 Mw 6.6 Seattle-Tacoma and 2001 Mw 6.8 Nisqually normal fault intraslab events and scenario large-magnitude Seattle reverse fault crustal events are modeled. Inputs analyzed include variations of deterministic event scenarios combined with hazard maps and USGS ShakeMaps. This approach utilizes the capacity of the HAZUS-MH Earthquake Model to define landslide- and liquefaction- susceptibility hazards with local groundwater level and slope stability information. Where Shakemap inputs are not used, events are run in combination with NEHRP soil classifications to determine site amplification effects. The earthquake component of HAZUS-MH applies a series of empirical ground motion attenuation relationships developed from source parameters of both regional and global historical earthquakes to estimate strong ground motion. Ground motion and resulting ground failure due to earthquakes are then used to calculate, direct physical damage for general building stock, essential facilities, and lifelines, including transportation systems and utility systems. Earthquake losses are expressed in structural, economic and social terms. Where available, comparisons between recorded earthquake losses and HAZUS-MH earthquake losses are used to determine how region coordinators can most effectively utilize their resources for earthquake risk mitigation. This study is being conducted in collaboration with King County, WA officials to determine the best model inputs necessary to generate robust HAZUS-MH models for the Pacific Northwest.

Neighbors, C.; Noriega, G. R.; Caras, Y.; Cochran, E. S.

2010-12-01

28

Prevalence of dementia and its subtypes in the Japanese American population of King County, Washington state. The Kame Project.  

PubMed

Studies of Asian populations generally have reported prevalence rates for dementia similar to those of predominantly Caucasian populations, but relative prevalence rates of Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia have differed. Between May 1, 1992 and May 1, 1994, the prevalence rates of dementia, Alzheimer's disease, and vascular dementia were examined in the Japanese American population aged over 65 years in King County, Washington State. A total of 3,045 eligible individuals were identified in a census of persons who were of at least 50% Japanese heritage. Of 1,985 persons who participated in the baseline examination, 382 individuals of 450 sampled from all cognitive performance strata received a diagnostic evaluation. A total of 107 cases with a Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR) of > or = 1 met criteria for dementia according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, 3rd edition, revised (DSM-III-R); 58 of these cases were diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease and 24 with multi-infarct dementia. The estimated prevalence rate for all dementias was 6.3% (95% confidence interval 5.9-6.8). Prevalence rates for dementia increased continuously with age and were 30%, 50%, and 74% for participants aged 85-89, 90-94, and > or = 95 years, respectively; for Alzheimer's disease, prevalence rates were 14%, 36%, and 58% for these three age groups. Rates for Alzheimer's disease were generally higher among women; for multi-infarct dementia, rates for men and women were similar. In the institutional population, the prevalence rate was 66%, and in the community, 2.9%. Persons with lower education had higher overall rates of dementia than those with higher education, but this tendency became weak and inconsistent when rates were age-stratified. The prevalence of dementia in this geographically defined population of Japanese Americans was somewhat higher than prevalence rates reported from Japan, and the distribution of dementia subtypes more closely resembled that found in Caucasian populations in North America and Europe than previously reported in Asian populations. PMID:8857825

Graves, A B; Larson, E B; Edland, S D; Bowen, J D; McCormick, W C; McCurry, S M; Rice, M M; Wenzlow, A; Uomoto, J M

1996-10-15

29

Making Kings.  

PubMed

Due to a general lack of representation of female masculinities within the North American media, most urban drag king cultures have evolved in isolation from each other. As a result, drag kings tend to develop locally specific codes of dress, performance styles and forms of masculinity. This chapter describes the case of a group of Montreal drag king performers, The Mambo Drag Kings (MDKs). It is based on interviews that were conducted for Colleen Ayoup's film Kings (2001), a short documentary that explores kinging by examining the development of this specific group of performers. We present excerpts from our discussions regarding the relationships between everyday gender identities, lesbian sexuality, and performing as a king in a society that is fundamentally based on an asymmetrical sex-gender system. While the chapter does highlight these theoretical concerns, the focus is on how the participants of the group interpret and experience kinging and its impact on their own gendered and sexual identities. PMID:12769273

Ayoup, Colleen; Podmore, Julie

2002-01-01

30

Making Kings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to a general lack of representation of female masculinities within the North American media, most urban drag king cultures have evolved in isolation from each other. As a result, drag kings tend to develop locally specific codes of dress, performance styles and forms of masculinity. This chapter describes the case of a group of Montreal drag king performers, The

Colleen Ayoup; Julie Podmore

2003-01-01

31

Depositional facies and hydrocarbon reservoir compartmentalization of the Mississippian Aux Vases Formation at King Field, Jefferson County, Illinois  

SciTech Connect

King field has produced over 4 million bbl of oil from the Mississippian Aux Vases Formation along a north-south-trending anticlinal structure 3 mi long and 1.5 mi wide. The porous and permeable quartz sandstone, which comprises the principal hydrocarbon reservoir, can grade laterally into nonporous calcareous sandstone, siltstone, shale, or limestone within one well location (660 ft). The Aux Vases Formation at King field was deposited in an intertidal to subtidal, mixed siliciclastic-carbonate environment, and the resulting mosaic of depositional facies significantly affects reservoirs continuity. Impermeable to only slightly permeable siltstones, shales, and limestones of the various offshore facies, and shales and siltstones of the tidal-flat facies separate the producing sandstones of a tidal channel-offshore bar facies into distinct reservoir compartments. This reservoir heterogeneity results in an oil-water contact at various depths across the field. Lateral compartmentalization of the reservoir has allowed large sections of the Aux Vases reservoir to remain unswept by waterflooding. Volumetric analyses suggest that untapped reservoir compartments may contain an additional 1-2 million bbl of oil recoverable by primary and waterflood methods.

Leetaru, H.E. (Illinois State Geological Survey, Champaign (United States))

1991-08-01

32

Support Services for Exceptional Students: Fresno, Inyo, Kern, Kings, Madera, Mariposa, Merced, Mono, San Luis Obispo, and Tulare Counties.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Intended for use by vocational administrators responsible for mainstreaming handicapped students into vocational education classes, the resource guide lists and describes governmental and private agencies that provide vocational programs and support services for the handicapped on a local and statewide basis in the California counties of Fresno,…

Hampel, Angelica; And Others

33

Water-quality and sediment-chemistry data of drain water and evaporation ponds from Tulare Lake Drainage District, Kings County, California, March 1985 to March 1986  

SciTech Connect

Trace element and major ion concentrations were measured in water samples collected monthly between March 1985 and March 1986 at the MD-1 pumping station at the Tulare Lake Drainage District evaporation ponds, Kings County, California. Samples were analyzed for selected pesticides several times during the year. Salinity, as measured by specific conductance, ranged from 11,500 to 37,600 microsiemens/centimeter; total recoverable boron ranged from 4,000 to 16,000 micrg/L; and total recoverable molybdenum ranged from 630 to 2,600 microg/L. Median concentrations of total arsenic and total selenium were 97 and 2 microg/L. Atrazine, prometone, propazine, and simazine were the only pesticides detected in water samples collected at the MD-1 pumping station. Major ions, trace elements, and selected pesticides also were analyzed in water and bottom-sediment samples from five of the southern evaporation ponds at Tulare Lake Drainage District. The water samples increased in specific conductance and concentrations of total arsenic, total recoverable boron and total recoverable molybdenum going from pond 1 to pond 10, respectively. Median concentrations of total arsenic and total selenium in the bottom sediments were 4.0 and 0.9 microg/g, respectively. 6 refs., 2 figs., 12 tabs.

Fujii, R.

1988-01-01

34

Water-quality and sediment-chemistry data of drain water and evaporation ponds from Tulare Lake Drainage District, Kings County, California March 1985 to March 1986  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Trace element and major ion concentrations were measured in water samples collected monthly between March 1985 and March 1986 at the MD-1 pumping station at the Tulare Lake Drainage District evaporation ponds, Kings County, California. Samples were analyzed for selected pesticides several times during the year. Salinity, as measured by specific conductance, ranged from 11,500 to 37,600 microsiemens/centimeter; total recoverable boron ranged from 4,000 to 16,000 micrg/L; and total recoverable molybdenum ranged from 630 to 2,600 microg/L. Median concentrations of total arsenic and total selenium were 97 and 2 microg/L. Atrazine, prometone, propazine, and simazine were the only pesticides detected in water samples collected at the MD-1 pumping station. Major ions, trace elements, and selected pesticides also were analyzed in water and bottom-sediment samples from five of the southern evaporation ponds at Tulare Lake Drainage District. Water enters the ponds from the MD-1 pumping station at pond 1 and flows through the system terminating at pond 10. The water samples increased in specific conductance (21,700 to 90,200 microsiemens/centimeter) and concentrations of total arsenic (110 to 420 microg/L), total recoverable boron (12,000 to 80,000 microg/L) and total recoverable molybdenum (1,200 to 5,500 microg/L) going from pond 1 to pond 10, respectively. Pesticides were not detected in water from any of the ponds sampled. Median concentrations of total arsenic and total selenium in the bottom sediments were 4.0 and 0.9 microg/g, respectively. The only pesticides detected in bottom sediment samples from the evaporation ponds were DDD and DDE, with maximum concentration of 0.8 microg/kilogram. (Author 's abstract)

Fujii, Roger

1988-01-01

35

Lake Ontario: Nearshore Variability  

EPA Science Inventory

We conducted a high-resolution survey with towed electronic instrumentation along the Lake Ontario nearshore (720 km) at a 20 meter contour. The survey was conducted September 6-10, 2008 with a shorter 300 km survey conducted August 14-15 for comparing of temporal variability. ...

36

Lake Michigan: Nearshore Variability  

EPA Science Inventory

We conducted a high-resolution survey in the nearshore of Lake Michigan at a 20 meter contour using towed electronic instrumentation. The nearly 1200 km survey was conducted Sep 8-15, 2010. We also conducted six cross-contour tows. Along the survey tracks we sampled fixed stat...

37

Health Assessment for Nearshore/Tideflats, Tacoma, Washington, Region 10. CERCLIS No. WAD980726368.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Commencement Bay Nearshore/Tideflats project site is located in Pierce County, Washington and includes approximately 12 square miles of shallow water, shorelines, tideflats, and upland industrial/commercial sections in and around the City of Tacoma. S...

1988-01-01

38

NEARSHORE MARINE TRACE METAL GEOCHEMISTRY  

EPA Science Inventory

The report summarizes a number of studies on several aspects of the nearshore geochemistry of trace metals which give information on consequences of trace metal pollution attending nearshore waste disposal. The author has studied the distribution of dissolved and particulate trac...

39

Approval of the Lemoore Center of the West Hills Community College District. A Report to the Governor and Legislature in Response to a Request from the Board of Governors to Recognize the Center as the Official Community College Center for the Lemoore/Hanford Area of Kings County.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Lemoore Center of the West Hills Community College District serves the Lemoore/Hanford area of Kings and Fresno Counties--an area lying within both the West Hills and the College of the Sequoias Community College Districts. Jurisdictional problems between the districts prompted the Board of Governors of the California Community Colleges to…

California State Postsecondary Education Commission, Sacramento.

40

Nearshore Wave and Current Dynamics.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The long-term goal of our research is to increase the understanding of nearshore (shoreline to nominally 15 m depth) fluid dynamics and to improve our predictive modeling of waves and currents in that region.

J. Oltman-Shay U. Putrevu

1998-01-01

41

46. C. 1854 BUILDING ATTIC ROOF SPACE, VIEW OF KING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

46. C. 1854 BUILDING ATTIC ROOF SPACE, VIEW OF KING POST TRUSS ALONG LENGTH OF THE BUILDING. RAILS ON FLOOR FOR MOVEMENT OF GOODS STORED IN ROOF SPACE. - Continental Gin Company, Prattville, Autauga County, AL

42

3. Photocopy of drawing (from Moses King, Philadelphia and Notable ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. Photocopy of drawing (from Moses King, Philadelphia and Notable Philadelphians, 1902) MAIN BUILDING WITH ADDITION - New York Mutual Life Insurance Company Building, 1001-1005 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

43

Optical Polarization in the Nearshore  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A recent addition to the suite of optical remote sensing methods that have been used to study nearshore processes is the use of imaging polarimetric cameras. Both the degree of polarization and the azimuth of polarized light contain information about the imaged surfaces from which light has been reflected or scattered. In 2007, a polarimetric Argus camera was installed atop the tower at Duck, NC. This talk will examine the various polarization signatures that can be exploited, including the potential for measuring the sea surface slope spectrum of nearshore surf zone waves, the slope of the foreshore beach, water content of foreshore sediments and bubble signatures of dissipating waves.

Holman, R.

2008-12-01

44

Filtering Properties of a Nearshore Process Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

The nearshore process model, Delft3D, is capable of predicting both the wave evolution across the nearshore region as well as the associated wave (and wind) driven nearshore currents. Required input to this model includes estimates of water levels, wind and a spectral description of the waves on the open boundaries as well as the bathymetry at all modeled locations. Our

N. G. Plant; K. T. Holland; L. Hsu; J. M. Kaihatu

2006-01-01

45

Nearshore Wave and Current Dynamics.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Mean cross-shore wave height transformation and alongshore currents observed on near-planar and barred beaches are compared with predictions based on the nearshore numerical model Delft3D. Delft3D solves the two-dimensional, depth-averaged, momentum balan...

B. J. Morris

2001-01-01

46

Dr. Martin Luther King  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Dr. Martin Luther King shared his insight, goals, and knowledge with the American people. Use this information to learn more about him as we honor Dr. Martin Luther King and the dreams he had for achieving equality for all Americans. Hello 4D! Celebrate Dr. Martin Luther King Day by learning more about him and what he did to help Americans achieve their goals. As you do your work and review the documents and answer this question- How did Dr. Martin Luther King change society? Please complete Steps 1 and 2. Step 1 1. ...

Flagg, Mrs.

2011-12-10

47

Thirty Years of Nearshore Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An assessment of Ed Thornton's contributions to nearshore wave, current and morphology research on the eve of his retirement reveals his ability to identify important unresolved processes, and to participate in multidisciplinary research programs that address those issues. While doing this, he has consistently helped foster the new generations of field scientists both by supervising strong masters and PhD students from around the world, and through working with successful postdoctoral students, many of whom will present talks in this session. This presentation will summarize the major field programs that he has very actively participated in starting from my first field work with him as a colleague/helper in the NSTS Blacks Beach and Santa Barbara experiments. In reviewing these experiments it is interesting to see the evolution of our understanding of the surf zone from simplified 2D wave breaking processes to the 3D wave/current/sediment transport problems seen in morphologically controlled rip currents, both through our ability to measure these processes, but also in the sophistication of numerical models of the nearshore. This review also shows how the consistent and well directed basic research funding from the Coastal Geosciences program at ONR has greatly benefited the Navy and the community at large. I know the nearshore community looks forward to continued associations with him during his very active retirement.

Stanton, T. P.

2006-12-01

48

Forty Four Years a King.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum unit contains guidelines for Martin Luther King Jr. Day, January 15th. Items included in the guide are: a list of suggested activities, a short biography of Dr. King, excerpts from some of his speeches including the famous, "I Have A Dream" speech, a play, study questions, "A King's Journey", a game, and a story about King which…

Minneapolis Public Schools, Minn. Dept. of Intergroup Education.

49

Forty Four Years a King.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This curriculum unit contains guidelines for Martin Luther King Jr. Day, January 15th. Items included in the guide are: a list of suggested activities, a short biography of Dr. King, excerpts from some of his speeches including the famous, "I Have A Dream" speech, a play, study questions, "A King's Journey", a game, and a story about King which…

Minneapolis Public Schools, Minn. Dept. of Intergroup Education.

50

Bibliographic Review of Nearshore Wave Models.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The aim of this investigation was to review the different types of nearshore wave models currently available and to make recommendations as to which were most suitable for modelling nearshore wave conditions. The models were first placed into one of two b...

C. J. Andrew

1999-01-01

51

Assessment of Red King Crabs Following Offshore Placer Gold Mining in Norton Sound  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT: In a 4-year study I assessed impacts of offshore ,placer gold mining on adult ,red king crabs Paralithodes camtschaticus in the northeastern Bering Sea near Nome, Alaska. From June to October 1986– 1990, nearshore mining with a bucket-line dredge to depths of 9 to 20 m removed 1.5 km, of substrate. Crabs were offshore of the study area when

Stephen C. Jewett

1999-01-01

52

Assessment of Heavy Metals in Red King Crabs Following Offshore Placer Gold Mining  

Microsoft Academic Search

Red king crabs, Paralithodes camtschaticus, with commercial and subsistence importance, seasonally occur nearshore in Norton Sound, north-eastern Bering Sea, Arctic Alaska. Since the end of the nineteenth century, the coastal area in the northern Sound has been intensively mined for placer gold. Mining was extended offshore in 1986–1990. Heavy metal concentrations in the crabs were monitored during 1987–1990 to assess

Stephen C. Jewett; A. Sathy Naidu

2000-01-01

53

Remote sensing of the nearshore.  

PubMed

The shallow waters of the nearshore ocean are popular, dynamic, and often hostile. Prediction in this domain is usually limited less by our understanding of the physics or by the power of our models than by the availability of input data, such as bathymetry and wave conditions. It is a challenge for traditional in situ instruments to provide these inputs with the appropriate temporal or spatial density or at reasonable logistical or financial costs. Remote sensing provides an attractive alternative. We discuss the range of different sensors that are available and the differing physical manifestations of their interactions with the ocean surface. We then present existing algorithms by which the most important geophysical variables can be estimated from remote sensing measurements. Future directions and opportunities will depend on expected developments in sensors and platforms and on improving processing algorithms, including data assimilation formalisms. PMID:22809186

Holman, Rob; Haller, Merrick C

2012-07-23

54

The "King's Man"  

PubMed Central

The modern coroner is the heir of a long and honoured tradition with its roots in Anglo-Saxon England. The primary duty of the ancient “crowner” or “King's man” was to support the interests of the King of England by investigating violent deaths. The modern counterpart of this royal officer has a much broader range of duties in the interests of justice and the state. Not only do today's coroners act as “ombudsmen for the dead”, but they also are becoming increasingly involved in medico-legal investigations of service to the living.

Markesteyn, Peter H.

1987-01-01

55

Dr. King's Dream. [Lesson Plan].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This lesson plan teaches students about the life and work of Martin Luther King, Jr. Students listen to a brief biography, view photographs of the March on Washington, hear a portion of King's "I Have a Dream" speech, and discuss what King's words mean to them. Finally, they will create picture books about their own dreams of freedom for Americans…

National Endowment for the Humanities (NFAH), Washington, DC.

56

Dr. King's Dream. [Lesson Plan].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This lesson plan teaches students about the life and work of Martin Luther King, Jr. Students listen to a brief biography, view photographs of the March on Washington, hear a portion of King's "I Have a Dream" speech, and discuss what King's words mean to them. Finally, they will create picture books about their own dreams of freedom for…

National Endowment for the Humanities (NFAH), Washington, DC.

57

Health Assessment for Commencement Bay-Nearshore/Tideflats, Tacoma, Washington, Region 10. CERCLIS No. WAD980726368 (Addendum).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Commencement Bay is located in northwest Pierce County, Washington within the southern Puget Sound region. The Commencement Bay Nearshore/Tideflats (CBN/T) site is situated on the south/southeast shore of the bay adjacent to the city of Tacoma and twon of...

1993-01-01

58

Superfund Record of Decision (EPA Region 10): Commencement Bay Nearshore/Tideflats, WA. (Second Remedial Action), September 1989.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Commencement Bay Nearshore/Tideflats site is in Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington at the southern end of the main basin of Puget Sound. Site contamination is the result of a long history of industrial activity in the area. More than 281 active industr...

1989-01-01

59

Filtering Properties of a Nearshore Process Model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The nearshore process model, Delft3D, is capable of predicting both the wave evolution across the nearshore region as well as the associated wave (and wind) driven nearshore currents. Required input to this model includes estimates of water levels, wind and a spectral description of the waves on the open boundaries as well as the bathymetry at all modeled locations. Our ability to describe these inputs is only as good as the measurement technology used to do so. Specifically, bathymetry must, typically, be surveyed at discrete spatial locations and times before being interpolated to the model domain. There is a potential (if not certain) mismatch between the scales that we wish to resolve with the nearshore process model (e.g., beach cusps, crescentic bars, and rip channels) and the scales that are resolved by the survey data (which may be higher or lower resolution than required). It is not clear that this mismatch should be resolved through treatment of the data (interpolation) or the model (grid resolution). Here, we present an analysis of wave and current predictions from Delft3D that seeks to optimize the prerequisite interpolation and domain resolution design associated with nearshore modeling. We take a model-driven approach that accepts a fixed model resolution and determines the optimal survey resolution that minimizes prediction errors. We try to find the optimal survey resolution that varies spatially and reflects both physical process sensitivity and model-dependent sensitivity to bathymetric variability.

Plant, N. G.; Holland, K. T.; Hsu, L.; Kaihatu, J. M.

2006-12-01

60

Data-driven modeling of nearshore sandbar position  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nearshore morphology at a specific moment in time is based on the morphology at one or more previous time steps and on the external forcings on the nearshore, like offshore waves. A common approach to predict the temporal propagation of nearshore morphology is to rely on physical process knowledge, leading to process-based models. A second approach relies on the assessment

G. Ruessink; H. F. van den Boogaard; I. M. van Enckevort

2002-01-01

61

A real-time nearshore wave and current prediction system  

Microsoft Academic Search

A nearshore wave, tide and current prediction system was demonstrated during the MREA04 Trial in the Portuguese coastal waters near Pinheiro da Cruz during the early spring of 2004. Daily forecasts of regional scale wave and tidal information and nearshore waves and currents were generated in DIOPS utilizing a suite of regional and nearshore models forced with data from meteorological

Richard Allard; James Dykes; Y. L. Hsu; James Kaihatu; Daniel Conley

2008-01-01

62

Puget Sound Nearshore Ecosystem Output Model Documentation Report. Puget Sound Nearshore Ecosystem Restoration Project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report documents the methodology for quantitatively estimating the ecological benefits that could be realized through implementation of the Puget Sound Nearshore Ecosystem Restoration Project (PSNERP). Quantification of ecological benefits is accompl...

C. Behrens C. Jackels C. Simenstad C. Tanner K. Baxter-Osborne K. Fresh M. Logsdon M. Ramirez N. Gleason P. Schlenger R. Reed

2012-01-01

63

King Tide floods in Tuvalu  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The spatial and temporal distributions of sea level rise present regional floods in some certain areas. The low-lying island countries are obviously the spots affected severely. Tuvalu, an atoll island country located in the south-west Pacific Ocean, is suffering the devastating effects of losing life, property, and intending migration caused by floods. They blame the regional flooding to King Tide, a term used but not clearly identified by Pacific islanders. In this study, we clarify what King Tide is first. By the tide gauge and topography data, we estimated the reasonable value of 3.2 m as the threshold of King Tide. This definition also fits to the statement by National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) of King Tide occurring once or twice a year. In addition, We cross validate the 19 yr data of tide gauge and satellite altimeter (1993-2012), the correlation coefficient indicates King Tide phenomenon is considerable connected to warm water mass. The 28 King Tide events revealed the fact that flooding can be referenced against spring tide levels, so can it be turned up by warm water mass. The warm water mass pushes up sea level; once spring tide, storm surge, or other climate variability overlaps it, the rising sea level might overflow and so has been called "King Tide" for the floods in Tuvalu. This study provides more understanding of the signals of King Tide and an island country case study of regional sea level rise.

Lin, C.-C.; Ho, C.-R.; Cheng, Y.-H.

2013-05-01

64

Field Measurements and Nearshore Modelling at Sandyduck.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The long-term goal of this research is to increase our understanding and capabilities of predictive modeling of short wave-averaged nearshore circulation patterns (shoreline to nominally 15m depth), through use of a combination of numerical modeling and d...

I. A. Svendsen W. G. Grosskopf

1998-01-01

65

Eelgrass Mapping Along The Elwha Nearshore  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of this project was to gather pre-dam removal nearshore habitat data along the Elwha drift cell (west end of Freshwater Bay to the tip of Ediz Hook) and an adjacent drift cell (mouth of Morse Creek to the tip of Dungeness Spit) by mapping the location of eelgrass (Zostera marina) beds and estimating parameters describing each bed (areal

James Norris; Ian Fraser

2007-01-01

66

Reviewing Nearshore Current, Turbidity and Morphology Models  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this investigation was to review the different types of nearshore current, turbidity, and morphology evolution models currently available and to recommend those most suitable for aiding the planning of amphibious operations. This was achieved by first reading relevant literature and listing the different types of models found within it. Then their relevant attributes (for example: the equations

Colin J. F. Andrew

67

Sampling Nearshore Estuarine Fishes with Rotenone  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sampling with rotenone is an effective method for providing abundance estimates of estuarine fishes at nearshore locations. However, the determination of recovery rates for individual species is critical for estimating abundance by this technique. Recovery rates in this study varied greatly among species, but did not vary among station types (cove or shoreline) or sample years (1976 or 1977). Tagged

Gary C. Matlock; James E. Weaver; Albert W. Green

1982-01-01

68

Lake Michigan Green Bay: Nearshore Variability  

EPA Science Inventory

We conducted a high-resolution survey in the nearshore of Lake Michiganâ??s Green Bay at a 15 meter contour using towed electronic instrumentation. The 365 km survey was conducted Aug 18-21, 2010. We also conducted four cross-contour tows. Along the survey tracks we sampled fixe...

69

11. VIEW FROM JUST AFT OF THE KING POST IN ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

11. VIEW FROM JUST AFT OF THE KING POST IN THE FOC'S'LE OF THE EVELINA M. GOULART. FIRE EXTINGUISHER IS MOUNTED ON STUB OF FOREMAST. OBJECT AT LOWER LEFT IS A FOLDING MESS TABLE. LADDER LEADS TO DECK. CABINET AT RIGHT CENTER HOUSED SINK FOR CLEAN-UP AND COOKING. A SMALL CHINA SINK AT RIGHT CENTER SERVED FOR PERSONAL CLEAN-UP AND SHAVING. - Auxiliary Fishing Schooner "Evelina M. Goulart", Essex Shipbuilding Museum, 66 Main Street, Essex, Essex County, MA

70

Vertical Structure of Dissipation in the Nearshore  

Microsoft Academic Search

The vertical structure of the dissipation of turbulence kinetic energy was observed in the nearshore region (3.2-m mean water depth) with a tripod of three acoustic Doppler current meters off a sandy ocean beach. Surface and bottom boundary layer dissipation scaling concepts overlap in this region. No depth-limited wave breaking occurred at the tripod, but wind-induced whitecapping wave breaking did

Falk Feddersen; J. H. Trowbridge; A. J. Williams

2007-01-01

71

Nearshore wave height variation in unsaturated surf  

Microsoft Academic Search

The nearshore evolution of wave height is presented from field observations during unsaturated surf conditions from 10 different beaches characterized by microtidal conditions and predominantly swell-dominated wave climates. Wave evolution is presented in terms of wave height to water depth ratio (gamma) for comparison with previous data from saturated surf. Both conventional time-averaged (gammarms) and a new wave-by-wave analysis (gammaw)

H. E. Power; M. G. Hughes; T. Aagaard; T. E. Baldock

2010-01-01

72

Conversation with M King Hubbert  

SciTech Connect

The video presents Dr M King Hubbert, scholar and federal authority on fuel and energy, explaining the limits of the fossil fuel supply and the impact of coming energy problems on health care institutions.

NONE

1994-12-31

73

Petitioned Public Health Assessment for Kings Creek (a/k/a Fort Belknap Indian Reservation/Zortman Mining Incorporated), Lodgepole, Blaine County, Montana, Region 8. CERCLIS No. MTD986069920.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Norton Air Force Base (AFT), in inactive military base, compasses over 2,000 acres of land in San Bernardino County, California. The facility was placed on the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) National Priorities List (NPL) in 1987 because of co...

1998-01-01

74

An evaluation of effects of groundwater exchange on nearshore habitats and water quality of western Lake Erie  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Historically, the high potentiometric surface of groundwater in the Silurian/Devonian carbonate aquifer in Monroe County, MI resulted in discharge of highly mineralized, SO4-rich groundwater to the Lake Erie shoreline near both Erie State Game Area (ESGA) and Pointe Mouillee State Game Area (PMSGA). Recently, regional groundwater levels near PMSGA have been drawn down as much as 45 m below lake level in apparent response to quarry dewatering. From August to November of 2003, we conducted preliminary studies of groundwater flow dynamics and chemistry, shallow lake water chemistry, and fish and invertebrate communities at both sites. Consistent with regional observations, groundwater flow direction in the nearshore at ESGA was upward, or toward Lake Erie, and shallow nearshore groundwater chemistry was influenced by regional groundwater chemistry. In contrast, at PMSGA, the groundwater flow potential was downward and lake water, influenced by quarry discharge seeping downward into nearshore sediments, produced a different lake and shallow groundwater chemistry than at ESGA. Although the invertebrate and young fish community was similar at the two sites, taxonomic groups tolerant of degraded water quality were more prevalent at PMSGA. Sensitive taxa were more prevalent at ESGA. We propose a conceptual model, based on well-described models of groundwater/seawater interaction along coastal margins, to describe the interconnection among geologic, hydrologic, chemical, and biological processes in the different nearshore habitats of Lake Erie, and we identify processes that warrant further detailed study in the Great Lakes.

Haack, Sheridan K.; Neff, Brian P.; Rosenberry, Donald O.; Savino, Jacqueline F.; Lundstrom, Scott C.

2005-01-01

75

Curvilinear Version of a Quasi-3D Nearshore Circulation Model.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A curvilinear version of the nearshore circulation model SHORECIRC is developed based on the quasi-3D nearshore circulation equations derived by Putrevu and Svendsen Eur. J. Mech. 18 (1999) 409 427. We use a generalized coordinate transformation and re-de...

F. Shi I. A. Svendsen J. M. Smith J. T. Kirby

2002-01-01

76

A Nearshore Processes Prediction System for Ship Island, Mississippi  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Oceanography Division at the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) has recently begun development of a comprehensive forecasting system for physical processes in the Gulf of Mexico (GoM). This study is concerned with the development of a relocatable nearshore nowcasting and forecasting system for the prediction of nearshore waves, currents and sediment transport processes for desired locations in the GoM. The

J. Kaihatu; T. Keen; L. Hsu

2003-01-01

77

Lake Ontario: Nearshore Conditions and Variability in Water Quality Parameters  

EPA Science Inventory

Interest in recent years has increased regarding conditions in the nearshore of the Great Lakes. We conducted a high-resolution survey of the Lake Ontario nearshore along the 20 m contour using towed electronic instrumentation. The 720 km survey was conducted September 6-10, 20...

78

Community structure in nearshore Permian environments  

SciTech Connect

The lower part of the Americus Limestone in the Midcontinent was deposited near shore. Environments ranged from tidal flats to open-marine settings and included lagoons and carbonate shoals. Tabular cryptalgal structures that show subtle morphological variations with environment are the dominant sedimentary feature of the rocks. The fossilized part of benthic marine communities associated with the cyanobacteria comprised attached foraminifera, Spirorbis worms, several species of immature gastropods too small to identify, rare clams of the genus Orthomyalina, and abundant ostracodes. A low-diversity, characteristically near-shore ostracode fauna was extracted from the cryptalgal limestone by crushing the rock and then following standard micropaleontological procedures. The most abundant species are Paraparchites humerosus, Sansabella bolliabormis, Bairdia beedei, and Cavellina nebrascensis, all of which are typical throughout the Midcontinent of rocks deposited in near-shore environments. The distribution and diversity of the ostracode fauna support paleoenvironmental interpretations based on carbonate petrology and the morphology and microstratigraphy of the cryptalgal structures. In general, rocks deposited on the tidal flat have lowest species diversity, whereas the faunas from rocks of the open-marine environment are more diverse. Distributions of ostracodes and morphology of cryptalgal structures were both sufficiently controlled by environment of deposition to permit discrimination of paleoenvironments in cores from the subsurface.

Kaesler, R.L.; Denver, L.E.

1985-01-01

79

Long Wavelength Ripples in the Nearshore  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sediment bedforms are ubiquitous in the nearshore environment, and their characteristics and evolution have a direct effect on the hydrodynamics and the rate of sediment transport. The focus of this study is long wavelength ripples (LWR) observed at two locations in the nearshore at roughly 3m water depth under combined current and wave conditions in Duck, North Carolina. LWR are straight-crested bedforms with wavelengths in the range of 20-200cm, and steepness of about 0.1. They occur in the build up and decay of storms, in a broader range of values of the flow parameters compared to other ripple types. The main goal of the study is to test the maximum gross bedform-normal transport (mGBNT) hypothesis, which states that the orientation of ripples in directionally varying flows is such that the gross sediment transport normal to the ripple crest is maximized. Ripple wavelengths and orientation are measured from rotary fanbeam images and current and wave conditions are obtained from electromagnetic (EM) flowmeters and an offshore pressure gauge array. Preliminary tests in which transport direction is estimated from the combined flow velocity vectors indicate that the mGBNT is not a good predictor of LWR orientation. Results from tests of the mGBNT hypothesis using a sediment transport model will be presented.

Alcinov, T.; Hay, A. E.

2008-12-01

80

Martin Luther King, Jr. Teacher's Resource Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Connecticut teachers' manual on Martin Luther King, Jr. includes: (1) teacher background information; (2) five excerpts from King's speeches; (3) four themes for lesson plans; and (4) sample lesson plans. The teacher's background information provides biographical sketches of King and his precursors. The five speeches reproduced here are "I've…

Connecticut State Dept. of Education, Hartford.

81

Martin Luther King, Jr. Teacher's Resource Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This Connecticut teachers' manual on Martin Luther King, Jr. includes: (1) teacher background information; (2) five excerpts from King's speeches; (3) four themes for lesson plans; and (4) sample lesson plans. The teacher's background information provides biographical sketches of King and his precursors. The five speeches reproduced here are…

Connecticut State Dept. of Education, Hartford.

82

36 CFR 7.8 - Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Driveways. (1) The present county road extending from the west boundary of Kings Canyon National Park near Redwood Gap to Quail Flat junction of the General's Highway and the old road beyond is designated for the movement of stock and vehicular...

2013-07-01

83

Congratulations to Carey King  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

I first came across Carey King when, out of the blue, he invited me to a special session of the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (the largest and most prestigious US scientific meeting) where he was developing a special session on energy return on investment (EROI). At that meeting and since, I have found Carey to be a refreshing new colleague, extremely intelligent, very knowledgeable about many diverse aspects of energy and other things, able to take criticism and to dish it out, and very ambitious, which is mostly a good thing. He is becoming a leader in thinking about EROI and its implications, and I am delighted to see him honored by Environmental Research Letters. This is important because in the US, there is little insight about energy or, especially, its potential physical limitations except when gas prices increase. There is also little awareness of the very strong historical connection in both the US and the world between increased affluence and increased use of energy, especially petroleum. It is not understood by all that many of the economic problems we have now (such as the budgetary problems faced by most of our State governments, pension plans and universities) have substantial origin in the fact that oil and other energy production no longer increase reliably year after year, as they once did (Murphy and Hall 2011). Many economists have argued in the past that energy is not important because it constituted only 5 per cent or so of GDP, or because they believe that market forces and innovations will substitute for any shortage (e.g. Barnett and Morse 1963, Passell et al 1972, Solow 1974, Denison 1989). One problem with that view is that if you remove that five per cent the economy comes to a dead stop, as Cuba found out in 1989 when Russia removed its oil subsidy. Additionally if that five per cent goes up to 10 or 15 per cent, as it did in the early 1980s, and again in 2008, recession steps in (Murphy and Hall 2011). In fact, the US economy and our energy use increased almost lockstep from 1900 until 1984 (Cleveland et al 1984). The economy has grown more rapidly than energy use since 1984. Most economists think that this is due to our cleverness at increasing efficiency, but Robert Kaufmann (2004) and others find that instead most of the increase has been due to, essentially, the outsourcing of our heavy industry (think steel imported from Korea or Brazil, petroleum refined in Trinidad etc). An additional issue is that there is considerable evidence (e.g. Shadow Government Statistics) that the official US government inflation corrections have been deliberately underestimated since about 1985. If this is true then GDP growth has been exaggerated and there has been little or no increase in efficiency. Thus our gain in actual national energy efficiency is probably much less than most economists believe, and may be close to zero. Obviously some few of us think a great deal about energy, and for those who are willing to undertake some personal research (for example on the ASPO (aspo-usa.com) or The Oil Drum (www.theoildrum.com) websites), there is much to be concerned about. First on the list of concerns is 'peak oil'; the concept that there comes a time over the life cycle of the extraction of a non-renewable resource when there will be maximum production. This concept, derived by geologist M K Hubbert in the 1950s, assumes that this peak will occur when roughly 50 per cent of the resource has been exploited. Hubbert famously predicted in 1955 that this would occur for the United States in 1970. Initially he was derided by most in the oil industry, but in fact peak oil for the US did occur in 1970, just as he had predicted. Oil production has declined essentially every year since then. 'Peak oil' has now occurred for something like three quarters of all oil producing nations, although not yet for most of the largest producers. Second on my list of energy concerns is declining EROI. EROI is a term I had developed in the early 1980s based on the net energy concepts of

Hall, Charles A. S.

2012-03-01

84

The Impact of Cultural Differences on IT Nearshoring Risks from a German Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Which nearshoring risks arise from cultural differences between German outsourcers and IT providers located in the nearshore environment? This paper focuses on the domain of IT nearshoring which is quite sparsely researched. Based on exploratory expert interviews from the IT service industry in six typical nearshoring countries from a German perspective (Bulgaria, Russia, Serbia, Lebanon, Tunisia, Turkey), we analyze which

Alexander von Stetten; Daniel Beimborn; Elena Kuznetsova; Bernhard Moos

2010-01-01

85

LFG within King's descriptive formalism  

Microsoft Academic Search

this paper, I will discuss how Lexical Functional Grammar (LFG: Bresnan, 1982a, etc.) canbe modeled in King's (forthcoming) descriptive formalism. This paper isn't an introduction to LFG.It assumes a reading knowledge of LFG as can be gained from Kaplan & Bresnan (1982) or one ofthe more tutorial introductions, such as Sells (1985). Our plan of attack has three parts. Firstly,we

Christopher Manning

86

Strange weather in King Lear  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article argues that King Lear can help re-shape the emerging discourse of eco-criticism. The play's focus on human dis-harmony with the non-human environment resonates with recent developments in ecological science like the “post-equilibrium shift”. Shakespeare's representations of dis-equilibrium in the storm scenes can correct eco-criticism's reliance on pastoral and Romantic visions of harmony. The play's emphasis on the way

Steve Mentz

2010-01-01

87

Hypothermia in foraging king penguins  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ability to dive for long periods increases with body size, but relative to the best human divers, marine birds and mammals of similar or even smaller size are outstanding performers. Most trained human divers can reach a little over 100m in a single-breath dive lasting for 4min (ref. 2), but king and emperor penguins (weighing about 12 and 30kg,

Y. Handrich; R. M. Bevan; J.-B. Charrassin; P. J. Butler; K. Ptz; A. J. Woakes; J. Lage; Y. Le Maho

1997-01-01

88

Zooplankton Community Composition in Nearshore Waters of Southern Lake Michigan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Zooplankton samples collected in 1977 in the nearshore waters of southern Lake Michigan (0.4 km from shore) were analyzed to provide a bench mark on zooplankton community composition for comparison with future studies. Species composition, abundance, and ...

J. E. Gannon F. J. Bricker K. S. Bricker

1983-01-01

89

A Selected Bibliography of the Nearshore Environment: Florida West Coast.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A collection of over 2,900 references on ecological and coastal engineering subjects related to the nearshore environment of the Florida west coast. References are grouped by subject and alphabetized by author within each subject heading.

C. H. Saloman

1975-01-01

90

Sea level rise and impacts on nearshore sedimentation: an overview  

Microsoft Academic Search

Impacts on nearshore sedimentation arising from potential sea level change of the magnitude predicted in Intergovernmental\\u000a Panel on Climatic Change scenarios associated with global warming are reviewed. For sandy duned coasts, the obvious sedimentation\\u000a impacts include potential erosion of coastal dunes with implied deposition of the eroded material in the nearshore, possible\\u000a deepening of embayments, and flooding of wetlands. For

Terry Healy

1996-01-01

91

A Nearshore Processes Prediction System for Ship Island, Mississippi  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Oceanography Division at the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) has recently begun development of a comprehensive forecasting system for physical processes in the Gulf of Mexico (GoM). This study is concerned with the development of a relocatable nearshore nowcasting and forecasting system for the prediction of nearshore waves, currents and sediment transport processes for desired locations in the GoM. The initial development of this system will concentrate on the northern side of West Ship Island, a small barrier island located 12 miles offshore of Gulfport, Mississippi. This area has been the site of several bathymetric surveys because of excessive erosion of the beach and dune system in the vicinity of Fort Massachusetts, which is an historic national landmark. The modeling system comprises models for wave propagation and generation, nearshore circulation, and sediment transport. The SWAN model will be used in a nested fashion to provide wave energy at the outer edges of the nearshore grid. The hydrodynamic models SHORECIRC and Delft3D will then transform the wave energy at high resolution over the nearshore grid, generating the nearshore circulation field from the breaking wave environment. This information will then be input to TRANS98 for calculation of sediment transport and shoreface erosion. Details of necessary communication between the models will be discussed, and comparisons between SHORECIRC and Delft3D made.

Kaihatu, J.; Keen, T.; Hsu, L.

2003-04-01

92

Nearshore wave height variation in unsaturated surf  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The nearshore evolution of wave height is presented from field observations during unsaturated surf conditions from 10 different beaches characterized by microtidal conditions and predominantly swell-dominated wave climates. Wave evolution is presented in terms of wave height to water depth ratio (?) for comparison with previous data from saturated surf. Both conventional time-averaged (?rms) and a new wave-by-wave analysis (?w) are performed. Values of ? increase with increasing offshore wave height, indicating unsaturated surf. The observations show a variation in ? values from near constant values in the mid surf zone to rapidly and asymptotically increasing ? values in the inner surf zone. In contrast to previous data from saturated surf, ? shows no dependence on either the absolute beach slope or the relative beach slope ?/k?. The skewness of the distributions of ?w is consistent with waves that are not depth limited. The inner surf zone wave heights are approximately equally dependent on the water depth and offshore wave height. The previous observations of ? from saturated surf are shown to be consistent with a terminal bore height at the shoreline which is in excellent agreement with a previously derived value for the Miche parameter. In contrast, for the present unsaturated surf conditions, the terminal bore height at the shoreline can be approximated by Hb ? 0.12Ho, which is consistent with recent laboratory data sets.

Power, H. E.; Hughes, M. G.; Aagaard, T.; Baldock, T. E.

2010-08-01

93

Nearshore Circulation: Forcing, Response, and Data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Dynamics in the nearshore region with time scales that reside in the infragravity band continue to be identified and examined. Consequently, an increase in possible mechanisms that drive these motions inherently make the individual forcing and response more difficult to distinguish and interpret (i.e. edge waves, shear waves [e.g. Oltman-Shay et al. 1989], migrating rip currents [Fowler and Dalrymple 1991], wave group variations [Haller et al. 1999], frictional decay scales [Ryrie 1983; Reniers et al. 2004], surf zone eddies [MacMahan et al. 2004], etc). To help investigate the forcing and response of each of the individual motions in the infragravity band, hydrodynamic models are used to isolate the signal that the separate motions provide in an effort to find distinguishing characteristics. Through a progression from idealized case studies to realistic field conditions, the time-dependent circulation model of Özkan-Haller and Kirby [1999], which has already been shown to accurately predict low frequency motions such as shear waves, will be used as the primary analysis tool. Appropriate low frequency motions observed in field data can then be examined and separated using the criteria established. Such a study also provides the opportunity to fully couple the model and data through the use of data assimilation techniques. Preliminary data assimilation methods, tested first in the idealized simulations, will also be considered during each stage of this study.

Long, J. W.; Ozkan-Haller, H. T.

2006-12-01

94

The True Lion King of Africa: The Epic History of Sundiata, King of Old Mali.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|David Wisniewski's 1992 picture book version of the African epic of "Sundiata, Lion King of Mali" and the actual historical account of the 13th century Lion King, Sundiata, are both badly served by Disney's "The Lion King." Disney has been praised for using African animals as story characters; for using the African landscape as a story setting;…

Paterno, Domenica R.

95

Superfund Record of Decision (EPA Region 10): Commencement Bay Nearshore/Tideflats, WA. (Second remedial action), September 1989  

SciTech Connect

The Commencement Bay Nearshore/Tideflats site is in Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington at the southern end of the main basin of Puget Sound. Site contamination is the result of a long history of industrial activity in the area. More than 281 active industrial facilities are in the area and approximately 34 of those are NPDES permitted dischargers. Releases of hazardous substances to the marine environment have resulted in contamination of bottom sediment in the waterways of the Tideflats Industrial Area, and along the shoreline in the Nearshore Area. The Record of Decision represents two of six operable units for the site and will address source control and marine sediment contamination in the Nearshore/Tideflats environment. Eight problem areas are being addressed independently by this remedy. The remaining operable units will address remedial response to releases of hazardous substances associated with the Tacoma tar pits and the ASARCO Tacoma smelter. The primary contaminants of concern affecting the sediment are organics including PCBs and PAHs; and metals including arsenic, mercury, lead, and zinc.

Not Available

1989-09-30

96

King in a maverick style.  

PubMed

This article features Maurice King, who is advocating a one-child world. King was born in 1927 in Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) and studied at Trinity Hall, Cambridge, and St. Thomas Hospital, London. He first worked as a pathologist, moving to Africa in 1956. He was always willing to fight injustice, objecting to not being allowed to train black Africans. He authored ¿Medical Care in Developing Countries,¿ considered the ¿Bible¿ of the primary health care movement. By 1985, he was teaching public health medicine at Leeds University, having spent most of his time in Africa working on various projects for the WHO, and was focusing on primary health care. His other great cause then was nuclear disarmament. His lecture to the Royal Society of Medicine on health of Africa in 1988 ignited his interest in demography. He had then championed ideas, which initially provoked outrage, such as the case with ¿entrapment,¿ the hardinian taboo, and now his concept of the lockstep. He had claimed that the US State Department, together with UN, the World Bank and the Roman Catholic Church, is actively preventing population issues being discussed fully. He may appear on the surface as obsessed with imposing a one-child world and paranoid about the role of the US; but a closer analysis reveals a deep affection for Africa and a missionary zeal to surmount the problems of overpopulation. PMID:10514154

Abbasi, K

1999-10-01

97

The case of King Richard III.  

PubMed

In this short essay we will discuss the possible diseases of King Richard III according to the descriptions in Shakespeare's plays King Richard III and Henry VI. Furthermore, it is shown that the description of the defeated enemy as physically and mentally deformed is part of a long tradition which has its roots in Ancient Greece. PMID:22089046

Skrziepietz, A

2011-11-01

98

Development of Sorted Bedforms in the Nearshore: Geology or Hydrodynamics?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent investigations of sorted bedforms and ripple scour depressions have focused largely on measuring or modeling hydrodynamic mechanisms that may explain the development of these features. In contrast, this study questions the role geology may play in the development of sorted bedforms in the nearshore, and specifically tests if certain pre-existing characteristics of the underlying, framework geology may be more conducive for their formation. Results from bathymetric and sub-bottom surveys from the nearshore of the North Carolina Outer Banks document: 1) clusters of shore-oblique bars with adjacent gravel-filled troughs that span the nearshore (2-12 m depths), 2) persistent or recurring bar and trough morphology through storms and fair weather, and 3) the gravel exposed in the shore-oblique troughs are surface outcrops of a much larger, underlying stratum. A total of five large clusters of shore-oblique bars and troughs were identified in the 56-km long field site. In every case, evidence of a buried paleo-fluvial channel was found underneath the groups of shore-oblique bars and troughs. The morphology and surface sediment distribution of much of the nearshore (approximately 85% of the field site), nevertheless, did not show any evidence of sorted bedforms. This site-specific occurrence differs from the inner shelf surveys conducted by the US Geological Survey, which reveal a nearly ubiquitous presence of sorted bedforms covering very large regions of the US East Coast. The similar morphology of sorted bedforms found on both the inner shelf and nearshore suggest the same physical processes may be responsible for shaping and maintaining them but it remains unclear what parameters- geology, hydrodynamics, or a combination thereof - dictate the location and initial development of these features in the nearshore. The US Army Research Office (Grant #DAAD19-02-1-0307) and the US Geological Survey North Carolina Cooperative (#02ERAG0034) supported this work.

McNinch, J. E.

2005-05-01

99

78 FR 59414 - Environmental Impact Statement; King County, Washington  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

The Federal Highway Administration is issuing this notice to advise the public that an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) will be prepared for a proposed project to (1) manage congestion and traffic flow on I-90 between I-5 and I-405, which is in the Cross-Lake Washington Corridor, and (2) contribute revenue to the sustainable, long-term funding for timely completion of the SR 520 Bridge......

2013-09-26

100

Nearshore Restoration in Puget Sound: Understanding Stakeholder Values and Potential Coalitions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Restoration of nearshore ecosystems presents many challenges for stakeholder involvement. Using surveys and interviews we examined stakeholder values, preferences, and potential coalitions surrounding nearshore restoration in the Whidbey sub-basin of Puget Sound. Most stakeholders in our study believe that Puget Sound nearshore problems are severe and urgent, and that it is worth investing in restoration. They do not agree on

Rachel S. Lipsky; Clare M. Ryan

2011-01-01

101

What was the Mental Disease that Afflicted King Saul?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, the author discusses the case of the biblical King Saul, the first King of Israel, who ruled the country 3,000 years ago. Evaluation of the passages referring to King Saul's disturbed behavior indicates that he was afflicted by a mental disorder. Among many disorders that could have affected the King, manic episode with psychotic phases, major depression

2003-01-01

102

SOME EFFECTS OF PETROLEUM ON NEARSHORE ALASKAN MARINE ORGANISMS  

EPA Science Inventory

The overall objective of this project was to better understand the effects of chronic, low-level oil pollution on nearshore Alaskan marine organisms. The bivalve mollusc Macoma balthica accumulated hydrocarbons during 180 days of continuous exposure to Prudhoe Bay crude oil in fl...

103

Observations of Nearshore Storm Waves in the Gulf of Mexico  

Microsoft Academic Search

Data from two observation stations along the Louisiana coast, are used to study nearshore wave systems response to winter storms in the Gulf of Mexico. The two stations, part of the WAVCIS ocean observing system, are: CSI 3, fronting the Atchafalaya Bay system, an area characterized by fluid mud throughtout the water column and a muddy bottom, and CSI 5,

A. Sheremet; G. W. Stone

2001-01-01

104

Southwest Florida Nearshore Benthic Habitat Study. Narrative Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Habitat distributions within 9,627,000 ac (3,896,047 ha or 15,042 sq mi) of the southwest Florida nearshore continental shelf were mapped. Within 5,006,000 ac (2,025,928 ha), habitat distributions were mapped from aerial imagery. In an additional 4,622,00...

M. J. Thompson T. Kunneke

1991-01-01

105

Demonstration of a Coupled Watershed-Nearshore Model.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This technical note documents a research demonstration of a newly- developed watershed-nearshore computational model, which couples the parallel WAterSHed systems of one-dimensional (1-D) stream-river networks, two- dimensional (2-D) overland regimes, and...

H. Cheng H. Lin J. C. Cheng R. M. Hunter

2010-01-01

106

ENHANCED HYDRODYNAMICAL-NUMERICAL MODEL FOR NEAR-SHORE PROCESSES  

EPA Science Inventory

An optimized version of a multilayer Hansen type Hydrodynamical-Numerical (HN) model is presented and discussed here as the basis for the following experimental extensions and enhancements developed to more appropriately handle near-shore processes: Non-linear term extension to f...

107

Applying video sensor networks to nearshore environment monitoring  

Microsoft Academic Search

Environmental monitoring is an important emerging application area for pervasive computing. We describe shore-based sensing using standard video cameras and measurement techniques for important variables such as wave and ocean current conditions. We apply networked sensors for monitoring environmentally sensitive beaches and nearshore coastal oceans. We give some steps to improve the Argus video sensor network's functionality to quantify the

Rob Holman; John Stanley; Tuba Özkan-Haller

2003-01-01

108

Practical use of video imagery in nearshore oceanographic field studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

An approach was developed for using video imagery to quantify, in terms of both spatial and temporal dimensions, a number of naturally occurring (nearshore) physical processes. The complete method is presented, including the derivation of the geometrical relationships relating image and ground coordinates, principles to be considered when working with video imagery and the two-step strategy for calibration of the

K. Todd Holland; Robert A. Holman; Thomas C. Lippmann; John Stanley; N. Plant

1997-01-01

109

Ecology of Lake Superior: Linking Landscape to Nearshore Condition  

EPA Science Inventory

High spatial variation is well known to exist in water quality parameters of the Great Lakes nearshore, however strong patterns for extended reaches are also observed and found to be robust across a seasonal time frame. Less is known about robustness of inter-annual variation wi...

110

A conversation with M King Hubbert  

SciTech Connect

The video presents Dr. M. King Hubbert, who is a scholar and federal authority on fuel and energy, explaining the limits of the fossil fuel supply and the impact of coming energy problems on health care institutions.

Not Available

1994-01-01

111

Monitoring in the nearshore: A process for making reasoned decisions  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Over the past several years, a conceptual framework for the GEM nearshore monitoring program has been developed through a series of workshops. However, details of the proposed monitoring program, e.g. what to sample, where to sample, when to sample and at how many sites, have yet to be determined. In FY 03 we were funded under Project 03687 to outline a process whereby specific alternatives to monitoring are developed and presented to the EVOS Trustee Council for consideration. As part of this process, two key elements are required before reasoned decisions can be made. These are: 1) a comprehensive historical perspective of locations and types of past studies conducted in the nearshore marine communities within Gulf of Alaska, and 2) estimates of costs for each element of a proposed monitoring program. We have developed a GIS database that details available information from past studies of selected nearshore habitats and species in the Gulf of Alaska and provide a visual means of selecting sites based (in part) on the locations for which historical data of interest are available. We also provide cost estimates for specific monitoring plan alternatives and outline several alternative plans that can be accomplished within reasonable budgetary constraints. The products that we will provide are: 1) A GIS database and maps showing the location and types of information available from the nearshore in the Gulf of Alaska; 2) A list of several specific monitoring alternatives that can be conducted within reasonable budgetary constraints; and 3) Cost estimates for proposed tasks to be conducted as part of the nearshore program. Because data compilation and management will not be completed until late in FY03 we are requesting support for close-out of this project in FY 04.

Bodkin, J. L.; Dean, T. A.

2003-01-01

112

The Seattle Times: Martin Luther King Jr.  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Seattle Times commemorates the life and legacy of Martin Luther King, Jr. with a Web site including sections on the man, the movement, the legacy, and the holiday. Timed to coincide with the 10th anniversary of the national King holiday, the site also offers a photo tour of key events in the fight for civil rights, dialogue between students in Alabama and Washington states, a quiz study guide, and sound clips from his speeches.

1996-01-01

113

[King Jung-jo's medical philosophy].  

PubMed

King Jungjo who introduced the advent of cultural renaissance of Chosun Dynasty as little been known about his work in medicine. With a wide knowledge in medicine, he was the only one among the kings who wrote a book on medicine, called "SueMinMyoJeon". In this paper, his perspective on medicine will be looked into based on "The Annals of the Chosun Dynasty", "Seungjeongwon Ilgi", "Hong Je jun Se", "KukGoBoGam", "Ildkrok", "JeJungShinPyun", "SueMinMyoJeon" etc. King Jungo valued empiricism in the field of medicine. He deepened understandings in medicine while taking care of King Youngjo, the late king. And it led him to author "SueMinMyoJeon" himself, and further ordered the publications of "JeJungShinPyun" "MaGuaHeoiTong". These two books were conducted to include empirical cases of folklore remedy. King Jungjo's medical philosophy can be epitomized in filial piety and realization of people-serving politics, which are the essentials of Confucianism. His filial piety towards the late king, Youngjo and his mother is shown in his devotion when taking care of them. Especially the way he examined the differentiation of diseases and corresponding treatments is well described in "The Annals of the Chosun Dynasty". "JeJungShinPyun" was also published and it came handy for folk villagers in times of medical needs. Later this book influenced "BangYakHaepPyun" by Hwang Do Yeon. King Jungjo emphasized pragmatism in spreading medical knowledges, thus removing the theoretical contents that are related to Taoism, especially the ones on alchemy from "DongEuiBoGam", when publishing "SueMinMyoJeon". Even the excerpts from "SoMun" were taken out, if not practical. King Jungjo, however, discussed the importance of healthy regimen and mentioned himself practicing it from the book "IlDeukLok", which seems to be the only book that derailed from the pragmatistic track. King Jungjo put emphasis on consistency between diagnosis and treatment. In diagnosing, Meridian pulse was taken important as a means of finding the origin of disease, while deploring how doctors then neglected to study. PMID:20098054

Kim, Sun Hyung; Kim, Dal Rae

2009-12-01

114

Women of God: Maternal Grief and Religious Response in 1 Kings 17 and 2 Kings 4  

Microsoft Academic Search

1 Kings 17 and 2 Kings 4 are narratives about bereaved mothers who turn to men of God to heal their dead sons. These narratives support anthropologist Susan Starr Sered’s supposition that bereaved mothers turn to non-normative religion in response to the deaths of their children and often become innovative religious leaders. Though the patriarchal context of the Bible does

Amy Kalmanofsky

2011-01-01

115

Dr. Max King: the sad life and early death of Mackenzie King's physician brother  

PubMed Central

While researching her best-selling biography, Mrs. King: The Life and Times of Isabel Mackenzie King, CMAJ contributing editor Charlotte Gray discovered a wealth of information about Dr. Dougal Macdougall (Max) King. Although he never became as famous as his older brother Mackenzie, Gray presents a convincing argument that Dr. Max King's life and early death speak volumes about medicine and the medical profession at the turn of the century. She also argues that Mackenzie King's own life would have been much different had his brother not died at the too young age of 42. Gray's book was nominated for the Viacom Award, which honours the best nonfiction book published annually in Canada.

Gray, C

1998-01-01

116

Accounting for the mismanagement of tropical nearshore fisheries  

Microsoft Academic Search

The underlying reason for the mismanagement of tropical nearshore fisheries is the implementation of policies and programs\\u000a based on Western models and approaches, coupled with an inability and\\/or unwillingness to consider non-Western alternatives\\u000a of empirically proven value. Such attitudes are embedded in donor and development agency behavior, and are demonstrated by\\u000a the temperate bias in conventional approaches to fisheries education

Kenneth Ruddle; Francis R. Hickey

2008-01-01

117

Scour and Burial Mechanics of Objects in the Nearshore  

Microsoft Academic Search

A process-based, numerical, hydrodynamic vortex lattice mine scour\\/burial model (VORTEX) is presented that simulates scour and burial of objects of arbitrary shape resting on a granular bed in the nearshore. There are two domains in the model formulation: a far-field where burial and exposure occur due to changes in the elevation of the seabed and a near-field involving scour and

Scott A. Jenkins; Douglas L. Inman; Michael D. Richardson; Thomas F. Wever; Joseph Wasyl

2007-01-01

118

Nearshore oscillating wave surge converters and the development of Oyster.  

PubMed

Oscillating wave surge converters (OWSCs) are a class of wave power technology that exploits the enhanced horizontal fluid particle movement of waves in the nearshore coastal zone with water depths of 10-20 m. OWSCs predominantly oscillate horizontally in surge as opposed to the majority of wave devices, which oscillate vertically in heave and usually are deployed in deeper water. The characteristics of the nearshore wave resource are described along with the hydrodynamics of OWSCs. The variables in the OWSC design space are discussed together with a presentation of some of their effects on capture width, frequency bandwidth response and power take-off characteristics. There are notable differences between the different OWSCs under development worldwide, and these are highlighted. The final section of the paper describes Aquamarine Power's 315?kW Oyster 1 prototype, which was deployed at the European Marine Energy Centre in August 2009. Its place in the OWSC design space is described along with the practical experience gained. This has led to the design of Oyster 2, which was deployed in August 2011. It is concluded that nearshore OWSCs are serious contenders in the mix of wave power technologies. The nearshore wave climate has a narrower directional spread than the offshore, the largest waves are filtered out and the exploitable resource is typically only 10-20% less in 10 m depth compared with 50 m depth. Regarding the devices, a key conclusion is that OWSCs such as Oyster primarily respond in the working frequency range to the horizontal fluid acceleration; Oyster is not a drag device responding to horizontal fluid velocity. The hydrodynamics of Oyster is dominated by inertia with added inertia being a very significant contributor. It is unlikely that individual flap modules will exceed 1?MW in installed capacity owing to wave resource, hydrodynamic and economic constraints. Generating stations will be made up of line arrays of flaps with communal secondary power conversion every 5-10 units. PMID:22184665

Whittaker, Trevor; Folley, Matt

2012-01-28

119

Simulation of laboratory rip current experiments using nearshore POM  

Microsoft Academic Search

A hydrostatic primitive equation model, the Princeton Ocean Model (POM), has been adapted for studies of three-dimensional wave-averaged circulation in the nearshore surf zone. The model is applied here to studies of the generation and instablilities of rip currents forced by waves normal to a beach with an alongshore bar interrupted by rip channels. The rip-current system modeled is that

P. A. Newberger; J. S. Allen

2002-01-01

120

Simulation of laboratory rip current experiments using nearshore POM  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A hydrostatic primitive equation model, the Princeton Ocean Model (POM), has been adapted for studies of three-dimensional wave-averaged circulation in the nearshore surf zone. The model is applied here to studies of the generation and instablilities of rip currents forced by waves normal to a beach with an alongshore bar interrupted by rip channels. The rip-current system modeled is that generated in the Directional Wave Basin located in the Ocean Engineering Laboratory at the University of Delaware. POM has been modified for application to nearshore flows by incorporating forcing from gradients in the radiation stress tensor and by including the effects of wave-induced mass flux through appropriate boundary conditions on the vertical velocity at the surface. The wave-driver REF/DIF (Kirby and Dalrymple, 1983) has been embedded as a subroutine of nearshore POM so that modification of the forcing by wave-current interaction can be included. The model results are compared with laboratory measurements of currents and surface elevation (Haller and Dalrymple, 1999; Haas and Svendsen, 2002). Instantaneous and time-mean momentum balances of both the three-dimensional and depth-averaged flows are calculated. Emphasis is placed on the variations of the currents with depth. The sensitivity of the rip current system to changes in the strength of the forcing and to details of the topography is examined.

Newberger, P. A.; Allen, J. S.

2002-12-01

121

Practical use of video imagery in nearshore oceanographic field studies  

USGS Publications Warehouse

An approach was developed for using video imagery to quantify, in terms of both spatial and temporal dimensions, a number of naturally occurring (nearshore) physical processes. The complete method is presented, including the derivation of the geometrical relationships relating image and ground coordinates, principles to be considered when working with video imagery and the two-step strategy for calibration of the camera model. The techniques are founded on the principles of photogrammetry, account for difficulties inherent in the use of video signals, and have been adapted to allow for flexibility of use in field studies. Examples from field experiments indicate that this approach is both accurate and applicable under the conditions typically experienced when sampling in coastal regions. Several applications of the camera model are discussed, including the measurement of nearshore fluid processes, sand bar length scales, foreshore topography, and drifter motions. Although we have applied this method to the measurement of nearshore processes and morphologic features, these same techniques are transferable to studies in other geophysical settings.

Holland, K. T.; Holman, R. A.; Lippmann, T. C.; Stanley, J.; Plant, N.

1997-01-01

122

Kinging in the heartland; or, the power of marginality.  

PubMed

Theorizations of the drag king phenomenon and definitions of "the Drag King" thus far have relied almost exclusively on Judith Halberstam's description of the drag king scenes in New York, London, and San Francisco. In order to expand the scope of the investigation of drag king culture and as an example of the range of drag kings and drag king acts that have developed across the U.S. and across the world, this article focuses on H.I.S. Kings, a group of women, who have been performing in Columbus, Ohio since 1996. By infusing drag with a dose of theory, which is always tempered by their outrageous sense of humor, H.I.S. Kings have developed what arguably is one of the most interesting varieties of kinging, an approach to the genre of the drag show that Halberstam's model cannot account for. Unlike kings in New York, for example, H.I.S. Kings frequently utilize the supposedly gay male form of camp in their performance of multiple masculinities and femininities, and they create innovative ensemble numbers that engage the racial and gender politics of drag. The example of H.I.S. Kings calls into question any theorization of the drag king phenomenon that ignores cultural developments in the heartland by focusing exclusively on cities traditionally considered the centers of queer culture. PMID:12769276

Piontek, Thomas

2002-01-01

123

EDITORIAL: King of the elements? King of the elements?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Throughout the history of science, carbon-based research has played a defining role in the development of a range of fundamental and technological fields. It was used in Avagadro's definition of the mole in the early 18th century, it provides the 'backbone' of molecules in organic compounds, and in the environmental debate currently raging in the press and international government discussions, the 'carbon footprint' has become the metric of our species' impact on our planet. Also in nanotechnology, with the discovery of various wonder materials, carbon is once again asserting its claim as king of the elements. Until the 1980s the only known forms of carbon were diamond, graphite and amorphous carbon, as in soot or charcoal. In 1985 Robert Curl, Harold Kroto and Richard Smalley reported the existence of fullerenes, spherical structures comprising hexagonal carbon rings [1], work for which they won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1996 [2]. The discovery of fullerenes was followed in 1991 by Sumio Ijima with the discovery of rolled graphite sheets, the carbon nanotube [3]. The discovery of these novel carbon nanostructures inspired researchers in a range of fields, largely as a result of the extraordinary capacity for investigations of these structures to reveal ever more intriguing properties. One of the fascinating properties attributed to carbon nanotubes is their phenomenal strength, with a Young's modulus of single walled carbon nanotubes approaching a terapascal [4]. Ingenious methods of harnessing this strength have since been developed, including bucky paper, a term used to refer to a mat of randomly self-entangled carbon nanotubes. Steven Crannford and Markus Buehler have recently reported a novel computational technique for probing the mechanical properties of these structures and show that the Young's modulus of bucky paper can be tuned by manipulation of the carbon nanotube type and density [5]. The electrical properties of carbon nanotubes, which depend on the chirality or wrapping angle of the graphite sheet with respect to the tube axis [6], have captured the imagination of researchers working in nanoelectronics. Carbon nanotubes also revealed interesting thermal properties that could lend them to the next generation of nanoscale devices. In 2000, researchers at the California Institute of Technology published the results of molecular dynamics simulations of thermal conductivity in carbon nanotubes [7]. The thermal properties predicted from this work added further promise to the potential of carbon nanotubes in micro- and nanoelectromechanical devices. More recently, researchers from the University of Columbia have studied how to exploit the thermal properties of carbon nanotubes in nanofluids. They report enhancement of heat transfer properties of carbon-nanotube-based nanofluids using a plasma treatment to aid stable dispersion of the nanotubes in water [8]. Eric Pop in Illinois has reported on the role of electrical and thermal contact resistance in Joule breakdown of single-walled carbon nanotubes, including analysis of several published data sets [9]. The work finds universal scaling rules, whereby the breakdown scales linearly with length for carbon nanotubes above a certain length, below which the breakdown is entirely limited by contact resistance. In 2004 another form of carbon came to the fore when researchers at the University of Manchester and the Institute of Microelectronics Technology isolated a single plane of graphite, that is, graphene, using a kind of scotch tape [10]. As with other forms of carbon, investigation of graphene has also revealed fascinating properties that lend the material to a number of applications, such as sensing. The electronic properties of graphene are highly sensitive to the adsorption of molecules such as CO, NO, NO2 and NH3, and a collaboration of researchers from Lanzhou University in China and the University of Sheffield in the UK have further reported on how this sensitivity can be enhanced by two orders of magnitude when the graphene is doped with an impurity s

Demming, Anna

2010-07-01

124

Nearshore macrobenthos of northern Kotzebue Sound, Alaska, with reference to local sewage disposal  

Microsoft Academic Search

Macrobenthos of the shallow (<10 m) nearshore marine waters of northern Kotzebue Sound was examined in 2002–2004 to (1) determine\\u000a nearshore community structure and (2) assess the influence of sewage disposal. A variable number of benthic stations were\\u000a sampled during three summers, with extensive effort at the disposal zone in 2003. The benthic community structure is similar\\u000a to other nearshore Arctic

Stephen C. Jewett; Lisa M. Clough; Arny L. Blanchard; William G. Ambrose; Howard M. Feder; Max K. Hoberg; Alex V. Whiting

2009-01-01

125

WARNING LETTER February 26, 2007 Edward King President ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

Text Version... WARNING LETTER February 26, 2007 Edward King President DSC Laboratories 1979 Latimer Drive Muskegon, Michigan 49442 Dear Mr. King: ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/drugs/guidancecomplianceregulatoryinformation

126

The Newest Monument: The Martin Luther King, Jr. National Memorial  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article features the newest monument, the Martin Luther King, Jr. National Memorial. The memorial on the National Mall in Washington, D.C., honoring Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. will be an engaging landscape experience to convey four fundamental and recurring themes throughout Dr. King's life--democracy, justice, hope, and love. Natural…

Social Studies and the Young Learner, 2011

2011-01-01

127

The Book of Kings in Recent Research (Part II)  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the first part of my article (CBR 4.1 [2005]), I surveyed the research conducted on various, diverse aspects of the book of Kings, starting in the early 1990s and until 2004. In this article, I will focus on research dealing with the characters appearing in the book of Kings, using this classification: kings, beginning with David; prophets, especially Elijah

Michael Avioz

2006-01-01

128

Mental Disorder that Afflicted King David the Great  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research uses the tools of modern medical science to study ancient descriptions of the symptoms suffered by King David. Biblical texts were examined, with a close study of verses relating to the mental disorder that afflicted King David, the second and greatest King of Israel, who ruled more than3525 years ago. We include no commentaries, but refer only to

2004-01-01

129

A Balanced Biblical Approach to the King James Only Controversy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is designed to approach the present translation controversy from a biblical perspective by demonstrating that, by creating King James Only doctrines not found in the Scriptures, King James Only advocates deny both the sole authority and complete sufficiency of the Scriptures. Their unbiblical assumptions about the King James translation and its underlying texts transform the debate from a

Aulton Bruce Brown

2010-01-01

130

Multidisciplinary medical identification of a French king’s head (Henri IV)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Philippe Charlier and a multidisciplinary team explain how they confirmed an embalmed head to be that of the French king Henry IV using a combination of anthropological, paleopathological, radiological, forensic, and genetic techniques

Philippe Charlier; Isabelle Huynh-Charlier; Joël Poupon; Christine Keyser; Eloïse Lancelot; Dominique Favier; Jean-Noël Vignal; Philippe Sorel; Pierre F Chaillot; Rosa Boano; Renato Grilletto; Sylvaine Delacourte; Jean-Michel Duriez; Yves Loublier; Paola Campos; Eske Willerslev; M T P Gilbert; Leslie Eisenberg; Bertrand Ludes; Geoffroy Lorin de la Grandmaison

2010-01-01

131

The Legend of King Arthur. [Lesson Plan].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Based on characters in the Arthurian legend, this lesson plan presents activities designed to help students understand that many writers have told the tale of King Arthur and the people around him, including Guinevere, Lancelot, Merlin, and Mordred. The main activity of the lesson involves students writing a dramatic monologue supposedly composed…

Soderquist, Alisa

132

Tribute to Julie Taymor's Lion King Costumes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Julie Taymor's costumes and masks for the stage version of "The Lion King" were stunning in the way they combined the dual images of human and animal forms. Taymor visually incorporated the human form of a dancer into the simplified form of the animal character so both are equally visible. This visible duality of human form and animal…

Carter, Mary C.; Beaty, Ben

2011-01-01

133

The Rescue of King Hussein's Regime  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Israeli involvement in the September 1970 crisis, and her willingness to intervene militarily in Northern Jordan against the Syrian army, in order to save King Hussein's regime, were both the result of a crucial strategic decision that had been taken exactly two years before, in September 1968. The initial choice of the Israeli government was the ‘Palestinian Option,’ and

Reuven Pedatzur

2008-01-01

134

King Arthur Flour Voluntarily Recalls Flour  

NASA Website

February 22, 2013 - Norwich, Vt. – King Arthur Flour has initiated a voluntary recall of a limited number of its bags of flour due to the possible presence of small (7-9 mm) blue polyurethane balls that are used in the sifting process. The balls have ...

135

"King Corn": Teaching the Food Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"King Corn" is in so many ways the story of how government food policy has entirely remade the food landscape in the United States over the last 40 years. From the massive expansion of the number of acres of corn grown across the country, to the ever-increasing ways that corn is incorporated into the food production process, to the industrial…

Swinehart, Tim

2012-01-01

136

The King James Bible and Biblical Scholarship  

Microsoft Academic Search

As well as a product of statecraft and religious aspirations, the King James Version of the Bible (KJV) was also a product of the biblical scholarship of its day. The company of translators included a number of the best scholars in Hebrew and Greek, and they drew upon then-recent advances in the study of ancient languages, as well as the

L. W. Hurtado

2011-01-01

137

King Mesha and the Tribe of Dibon  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Mesha Inscription has attracted much attention and scholarly debate ever since its discovery. King Mesha of Moab, mentioned in the Bible, threw off the yoke of Omride supremacy and reigned from his capital of Dibon over a kingdom that extended both north and south of the Wadi Mujib (the river Arnon). The identification of modern-day Dhiban with Dibon has

Eveline J. Van Der Steen; Klaas A. D. Smelik

2007-01-01

138

Narrative Structure in II Kings 5  

Microsoft Academic Search

The thesis is primarily a consideration of the narrative contained in II Kings 5. The problem which the thesis addresses is the understanding and interpretation of that narrative in light of a theory of literary analysis. What was desired was an analysis of the internal structure of the narrative and a means for relating that structure to the meaning of

Adam Charles Whitcombe

1979-01-01

139

Colorectal carcinoma that afflicted King Jehoram.  

PubMed

This research uses the tools of modern medical science to examine the ancient descriptions of the symptoms suffered by King Jehoram who was affected by some disease. The Biblical texts were examined, and passages relating to the disease that afflicted King Jehoram, who ruled in Jerusalem 843-851 B.C., were closely studied. We have not included any commentaries, but referred only to the words of the Bible exactly as written. The Passages ''...the Lord smote him in his bowels with an incurable disease in the process of time, after the end of two years, his bowels fell out by reason of his sickness: so he died of sore diseases'' indicate that the King suffered from some kind of disease which affected his bowels. Among the various diseases which may be associated with prolapse of the bowel, colorectal carcinoma is the most acceptable. It seems that the colorectal carcinoma was poorly differentiated, invaded perirectal adipose tissue, blood vessels, and/or lymphatic vessels, and/or perineural areas, was lymph node positive and reached the 4th stage with the spread of metastases to the distal organs. Viewed by a modern physician, the story of King Jehoram unfolds as possibly the earliest description of a patient afflicted by colorectal carcinoma. PMID:15785440

Liubov Louba, Ben-Noun

2004-12-01

140

Implementation of Johnson-King turbulence model.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The non-equilibrium turbulence model developed by Johnson and King, 1985, is implemented in the general purpose flow solver EllipSys2D. this model involves solution of an ordinary differential equation, along the line of maximum Reynolds shear stress and ...

J. Johansen

1996-01-01

141

Atlas of Historical County Boundaries  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

So you'd like to know the boundaries of Washington's King County in the early 20th century? Or perhaps you'd like to know more about the shape of Nassau County in New York back in the 19th century? The Atlas of Historical County Boundaries can provide you such details. The project is housed at the William M. Scholl Center for American History and Culture at The Newberry Library in Chicago and it was completed in 2010. The Atlas includes such features as all boundary changes in states and countries, non-county areas, separate map or polygon files for every different county configuration, and other helpful features. Users can get started by clicking on different states of interest and just exploring as they see fit. It's also useful to read over the Using the Atlas area for additional assistance. Finally, visitors can also look at the Publications section for more information on the source material for these county boundaries.

142

Nearshore Circulation and Storm Surge Along the Mackenzie Delta Coast  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Mackenzie Delta is a 150 km long section of coastline characterized by muddy sediments where the Mackenzie River outflow, dispersed over 20 distributary channels, discharges into the southern Beaufort Sea. The marine environment in this region is an important and integral part of the lives of Canadian Northerners. The area is also undergoing hydrocarbon exploration with potential development within the next decade. Changes to Arctic climate, such as increasing ice-free western Arctic Ocean and intensifying storm activity, may endanger the coastal settlements and marine environment in the Mackenzie Delta region. The low gradient of the delta and the adjacent inner shelf makes it very susceptible to flooding during storms. Field observations in the nearshore zone collected in August of 2007 and 2008 indicate strong gradients in temperature and salinity in shallow water of 2-6 m. The fluctuations are associated with the movements of warm and fresh river plumes and wind-driven upwelling of cold and saline water below the thermocline. The observations are in agreement with 3D model simulations of the nearshore delta region using Delft3D, which includes wind, tidal, storm surge, buoyancy and river forcing. The results validate the model and indicate that it can be used to hindcast the nearshore oceanographic conditions during severe Arctic storms. As a case study we present preliminary model results for an Arctic storm from late 1999 that caused extensive vegetation die-off in the outer delta. This cyclone was a mesoscale Arctic storm that developed over the NE Pacific and western Bering Sea, intensified explosively in the Gulf of Alaska and developed into a meteorological bomb. The storm made landfall at Cape Newenham, Alaska, crossed the Rocky Mountains to the Yukon and Northwest Territories and re-intensified over a zone of high sea surface temperature gradients in the southern Beaufort Sea. Using the Canadian Mesoscale Compressible Community (MC2) atmospheric model, simulations of the storm pattern, track and intensity are in very good agreement with the NCEP re-analysis. This is model coupled to the Princeton Ocean Model (POM) and Hibler Ice Model, which are used to provide basin-scale driver fields and define the boundary conditions of the nearshore Delft3D model for the Mackenzie Delta region. Coastal damage was predominately caused by storm surge, and the high salinity flood waters that flowed over the surface of the outer delta.

Perrie, W.; Mulligan, R. P.; Solomon, S. M.; Hoque, A.; Zhang, L.

2008-12-01

143

Adjoint-Based Sensitivity Maps for the Nearshore  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The wave model SWAN (Booij et al., 1999) solves the spectral action balance equation to produce nearshore wave forecasts and climatologies. It is widely used by the coastal modeling community and is part of a variety of coupled ocean-wave-atmosphere model systems. A variational data assimilation system (Orzech et al., 2013) has recently been developed for SWAN and is presently being transitioned to operational use by the U.S. Naval Oceanographic Office. This system is built around a numerical adjoint to the fully nonlinear, nonstationary SWAN code. When provided with measured or artificial "observed" spectral wave data at a location of interest on a given nearshore bathymetry, the adjoint can compute the degree to which spectral energy levels at other locations are correlated with - or "sensitive" to - variations in the observed spectrum. Adjoint output may be used to construct a sensitivity map for the entire domain, tracking correlations of spectral energy throughout the grid. When access is denied to the actual locations of interest, sensitivity maps can be used to determine optimal alternate locations for data collection by identifying regions of greatest sensitivity in the mapped domain. The present study investigates the properties of adjoint-generated sensitivity maps for nearshore wave spectra. The adjoint and forward SWAN models are first used in an idealized test case at Duck, NC, USA, to demonstrate the system's effectiveness at optimizing forecasts of shallow water wave spectra for an inaccessible surf-zone location. Then a series of simulations is conducted for a variety of different initializing conditions, to examine the effects of seasonal changes in wave climate, errors in bathymetry, and variations in size and shape of the inaccessible region of interest. Model skill is quantified using two methods: (1) a more traditional correlation of observed and modeled spectral statistics such as significant wave height, and (2) a recently developed RMS spectral skill score summed over all frequency-directional bins. The relative advantages and disadvantages of these two methods are considered. References: Booij, N., R.C. Ris, and L.H. Holthuijsen, 1999: A third-generation wave model for coastal regions: 1. Model description and validation. J. Geophys. Res. 104 (C4), 7649-7666. Orzech, M.D., J. Veeramony, and H.E. Ngodock, 2013: A variational assimilation system for nearshore wave modeling. J. Atm. & Oc. Tech., in press.

Orzech, Mark; Veeramony, Jay; Ngodock, Hans

2013-04-01

144

Nearshore Sediment Budget: Correlating Volume to Shoreline Change, Outer Banks, North Carolina  

Microsoft Academic Search

Though the importance of understanding the exchange of sediment between the shoreline and the nearshore has long been recognized, data capable of addressing the three-dimensional character of the system are lacking. The response of traditional cross-shore profiles to forcing is not representative of the entire beach because of alongshore variability of the beach and nearshore sandbar. Measuring changes in shoreline

J. L. Miselis; J. E. McNinch

2004-01-01

145

Temporal and spatial variability in nearshore bacterioplankton communities of Lake Michigan  

Microsoft Academic Search

The spatial and temporal variability of bacterial communities were determined for the nearshore waters of Lake Michigan, an oligotrophic freshwater inland sea. A freshwater estuary and nearshore sites were compared six times during 2006 using denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE). Bacterial composition clustered by individual site and date rather than by depth. Seven 16S rRNA gene clone libraries were constructed,

Sabrina R. Mueller-Spit; Giles W. Goetz; Sandra L. McLellan

146

Nearshore chlorophyll-a events and wave-driven transport  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Continuous records of temperature and chlorophyll-a [chl-a] fluorescence were used to characterize phytoplankton variability at two shallow intertidal stations on the northern California coast. Chl-a records from spring and summer 2007 and 2008 were characterized by distinct peaks persisting for 1.5 to five days. These peaks represent bloom events, which often coincided between the two sites even though they are separated by ˜150 km. Blooms did not appear to be directly forced by individual upwelling episodes. While some events were associated with reversals of upwelling-favorable winds, there was a stronger relationship between chl-a peaks and peaks in surface swell height. This relationship was dominant in spring and early summer, but no longer evident by July. We suggest that these nearshore chl-a peaks are an accumulation of phytoplankton caused by convergence of onshore wave transport against the impermeable coastal boundary. Scaling arguments show this mechanism to be consistent with observed chl-a increase rates. This mechanism has not been previously considered as a forcing for blooms at rocky coasts, and it may have significant implications for understanding coastal productivity, larval dispersal, and nearshore water quality.

McPhee-Shaw, Erika E.; Nielsen, Karina J.; Largier, John L.; Menge, Bruce A.

2011-01-01

147

Stomach stones in king penguin chicks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many animals that possess a gizzard swallow stones or sandy grit, supposedly to aid in the mechanical breakdown of food. While\\u000a this has been well documented in the literature, our study is the first to report the presence of stones in the gizzard of\\u000a king penguin chicks. We found stones, so called ‘gastroliths’, in the pyloric region of the gizzard,

David Beaune; Céline Le Bohec; Fabrice Lucas; Michel Gauthier-Clerc; Yvon Le Maho

2009-01-01

148

Is the Information Security King Naked?  

Microsoft Academic Search

As children we probably all often listened to the fable of the king who rode nakedly through the street thinking he wore a\\u000a beautiful new coat created for him by his (rogue) tailor. Nobody wanted to tell him that he was naked, because they all feared\\u000a him – until a small boy revealed the truth.\\u000a \\u000a This paper asks whether the

Basie Von Solms

2009-01-01

149

Stick balancing, falls and Dragon-Kings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The extent to which the occurrence of falls, the dominant feature of human attempts to balance a stick at their fingertip, can be predicted is examined in the context of the "Dragon-King" hypothesis. For skilled stick balancers, fluctuations in the controlled variable, namely the vertical displacement angle ?, exhibit power law behaviors. When stick balancing is made less stable by either decreasing the length of the stick or by requiring the subject to balance the stick on the surface of a table tennis racket, systematic departures from the power law behaviors are observed in the range of large ?. This observation raises the possibility that the presence of departures from the power law in the large length scale region, possibly Dragon-Kings, may identify situations in which the occurrence of a fall is more imminent. However, whether or not Dragon-Kings are observed, there is a Weibull-type survival function for stick falling. The possibility that increased risk of falling can, at least to some extent, be predicted from fluctuations in the controlled variable before the event occurs has important implications for the development of preventative strategies for the management of phenomena ranging from earthquakes to epileptic seizures to falls in the elderly.

Cabrera, J. L.; Milton, J. G.

2012-05-01

150

The South Carolina Coastal Erosion Study: Nearshore Hydrodynamics Field Experiment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As part of the South Carolina Coastal Erosion Study (SCCES) a nearshore field experiment was carried out for five days in December 2003 just north of Myrtle Beach, South Carolina, providing measurements of the waves, currents and morphological evolution. This experiment occurred concurrently with an extensive field campaign several kilometers offshore which included measurements of the waves and currents on and near a significant sand shoal. The purpose of the nearshore experiment was to aid in the identification of the effect of the offshore shoal on the nearshore processes. The resulting dataset will be used for verification of numerical models being used to investigate the hydrodynamics of the region. The experiment was carried out from December 10 to December 15 and consisted of measurements of the waves and currents, extensive surveys of the bathymetry every day, grab samples of the sediments, and video imagery. The hydrodynamics were measured using two Sontek Triton downward-looking Acoustic Doppler Velocimeters and two Nortek AquaDopp profilers arranged in a cross-shore line from inside the swash to several surf zone widths past the breakers. The bathymetric surveying was accomplished using both a differential GPS system and a total station. Surveying was performed each day in order to capture the morphological changes. On the last day, seven sediment samples were taken along a single cross-section to determine the sediment characteristics across the beach. Additionally, a video camera was located on a balcony of the top floor of a nearby hotel providing an excellent field of view of the entire experimental area. Digital video was captured directly onto a computer during all daylight hours and many control points were surveyed in each day to facilitate rectification of the imagery. A variety of conditions were encountered during the experiment, including two storm fronts which passed through, generating wind speeds up to 15 m/s. The first storm generated waves from the south driving a longshore current towards the north. After several relatively calm days with nearly normal incident waves the second front passed through the area with strong wind and waves approaching the shore with a large angle of incidence from the north. This drove an extremely strong longshore current in excess of 1.4 m/s and caused significant morphological changes.

Haas, K. A.; Voulgaris, G.; Demir, H.; Work, P. A.; Hanes, D. M.

2004-12-01

151

Nonlinear complex principal component analysis of nearshore bathymetry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Spatially and temporally extensive nearshore bathymetric datasets have recently been analyzed with complex principal component analysis (CPCA) and a nonlinear generalisation of PCA known as NLPCA.cir to extract propagating spatial patterns that constitute most to the dominant lower-dimensional structure in the datasets. Both of these methods, however, do not fully capture the nonlinear features in the datasets. NLPCA.cir is restricted to extracting only nonlinear phase information (missing the amplitude variability), whereas CPCA captures both the amplitude and phase information but only linearly. A new Neural Network method called the nonlinear CPCA (NLCPCA) overcomes the deficiency of both the CPCA and NLPCA.cir, and captures both the phase and amplitude nonlinearly. In this study we examine the applicability of the NLCPCA, NLPCA.cir and CPCA methods to bathymetry data at Egmond (Netherlands), Hasaki Coast (Japan), and Duck (North Carolina, USA). All 3 sites are characterized by sandbars that have multiannual lifetimes and behave in an interannual quasi-periodic offshore directed manner. A cycle comprises bar birth in the inner nearshore, followed by up to several years of net offshore migration and final disappearance in the outer nearshore zone. At Duck, the underlying low-dimensional data structure was found to have only linear phase and amplitude variability and is well modelled by the CPCA. At Egmond, the data has a notable nonlinear phase variability (that is, rather peaked bars and wide shallow bar troughs) and is well modelled by the NLPCA.cir. At Hasaki, the data structure displays not only nonlinear phase variability but also amplitude variability, and the NLCPCA method is needed to model Hasaki well. In any propagating phenomena, it is difficult to know the structure of the data in advance as to which of one of the three mehthods should be used. In this study the simplest model representing well the data structure at Duck, Egmond and Hasaki is the CPCA, NLPCA.cir and NLCPCA, respectively. To avoid choosing a model, the generalized NLCPCA model can be used for all 3 cases.

Rattan, S.; Hsieh, W.; Ruessink, B.

2004-12-01

152

Overview of environmental and hydrogeologic conditions at King Salmon, Alaska  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Federal Aviation Administration is conducting preliminary environmental assessments at most of its present or former facilities in Alaska. Information about environmental conditions at King Salmon, Alaska are presented in this report. This report gives an overview of the geology, hydro- logy, and climate of the King Salmon area and describes general geohydrologic conditions. A thick alluvial aquifer underlies King Salmon and both ground water and surface water are plentiful in the area.

Waythomas, C. F.

1994-01-01

153

Solomon as Philosopher King? The Nexus of Law and Wisdom in 1 Kings 1-11  

Microsoft Academic Search

Perhaps no other king in biblical literature has generated as much controversy as Solomon. On the one hand, we are told that 'Solomon's wisdom surpassed the wisdom of all the people of the East'; on the other hand, we are told that Solomon, in direct contravention to Israelite law, instituted slave labour, married many foreign women, and had shrines built

K. I. Parker

1992-01-01

154

Limits to Size: Could King Kong Exist?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Why can't spiders be ten feet tall? Can an ape grow to the size of King Kong? Surface area-to-volume relationships help shed light on the question of the size limits of organisms. At the nanoscale, things are so small that surface area effects impact the behavior of materials. For example, things tend to stick together and gravity plays a minor role. This activity gives students the opportunity to explore the sizes of things and scale as they investigate questions like "Could an egg ever grow to be the size of a beach ball?"

Taylor, Amy R.; Broadwell, Bethany P.; Jones, M. G.; Falvo, Michael R.

2007-01-01

155

77 FR 22606 - Proposed Information Collection; Visitor Use Surveys for Headwaters Forest Reserve and King Range...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...for Headwaters Forest Reserve and King Range National Conservation Area AGENCY: Bureau...Forest Reserve (Reserve) and the King Range National Conservation Area (KRNCA) in...for Headwaters Forest Reserve and King Range National Conservation Area. Forms:...

2012-04-16

156

Incorporation of Random Wave Effects into a Quasi-3D Nearshore Circulation Model (Preprint).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A coupled wave-hydrodynamic modeling system, comprised of a random wave model driving a quasi-3D nearshore hydrodynamic model, is described. Random wave formulations for several inputs to the hydrodynamic model are developed. An alternate wave dissipation...

F. Shi I. A. Svendsen J. M. Kaihatu J. T. Kirby

2002-01-01

157

Spatial Patterns of Subtidal Benthic Invertebrates and Environmental Factors in the Nearshore Gulf of Maine  

EPA Science Inventory

The spatial patterns of subtidal benthic invertebrates and physical-chemical variables in the nearshore Gulf of Maine (Acadian Biogeographic Province) were studied to provide information needed to calibrate benthic indices of environmental condition, determine physical-chemical f...

158

Atlas of Nearshore Fishes of Alaska: A Synthesis of Marine Surveys from 1998 to 2011.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Information on the distribution, abundance, species composition, habitat use, and lifestage of 121 fish species caught in nearshore marine waters of Alaska is synthesized in this atlas. Data were collected by scientists from the Alaska Fisheries Science C...

A. D. Neff J. F. Thedinga J. M. Maselko M. R. Lindeberg S. W. Johnson

2012-01-01

159

Fish Fauna in Nearshore Waters of a Barrier Island in the Western Beaufort Sea, Alaska.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Information on fishes in coastal waters of the Alaskan Arctic is outdated or nonexistent, especially in areas targeted for oil exploration and increased transportation activities. To address this information gap, the authors sampled fish in nearshore wate...

A. D. Neff C. A. Hoffman J. F. Thedinga S. W. Johnson

2010-01-01

160

Nearshore Processes, Currents and Directional Wave Spectra Monitoring Using Coherent and Non-coherent Imaging Radars  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two new radar systems have been developed for real-time measurement of near-shore processes, and results are presented for measurements of ocean wave spectra, near-shore sand bar structure, and ocean currents. The first is a non-coherent radar based on a modified version of the Sitex radar family, with a data acquisition system designed around an ISR digital receiver card. The card

D. Trizna; K. Hathaway

2007-01-01

161

Interview with Angus King by Andrea L’Hommedieu  

Microsoft Academic Search

Biographical NoteAngus Stanley King, Jr. was born March 31, 1944, in Virginia. His father, Stanley King, was a lawyer in Alexandria and worked as U.S. commissioner and federal magistrate. Angus was active in the civil rights movement, especially in regard to schooling. He was graduated from Dartmouth in 1966 and received his law degree from the University of Virginia in

Angus S King

2009-01-01

162

The Coretta Scott King Awards Book, 1970-1999.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|For 30 years, the Coretta Scott King Awards have honored notable African American authors and illustrators. This volume provides up-to-date information about the Coretta Scott King award books. Celebrating 30 years of African American contributions to children's literature, it serves as a selection tool and teaching resource, in both schools and…

Smith, Henrietta M., Ed.

163

King Tone's Journey: From the Barrio to the SHU.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the life of King Tone, president of the Almighty Latin King and Queen Nation gang from 1996-99, analyzing his moral and political careers and noting contexts behind his choices and values and the "working out of a culture and social system that is often obscured in a typified account." The paper emphasizes the "dialectics of violence,"…

Brotherton, Dave

2002-01-01

164

Martin Luther King, Jr.: The Dream of Peaceful Revolution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This biography for younger readers depicts the life of Martin Luther King, Jr., the Nobel Peace Prize winner who dedicated himself to the struggle for equal rights for African Americans while embracing the principle of nonviolent resistance. The book presents an overview of the civil rights movement and chronicles King's role as national leader…

Rowland, Della

165

Ethical Communication and the Leadership of Martin Luther King, Jr  

Microsoft Academic Search

Martin Luther King, Jr was the most recognisable face of the African American civil rights movement whose message of racial equality helped to end the generations of legal discrimination against blacks in the American South. Apart from his political achievements King is best known as a communicator and orator whose message of equality and peace was most famously expressed in

Nick Sharman

2007-01-01

166

Author! Author! The Gallant Children's Author: Dick King-Smith  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This column presents a brief biography of Dick King-Smith. Born on March 27, 1922 and raised in Gloucestershire, England, he grew up with animals of all kinds. King-Smith was a farmer for twenty years and then became a school teacher. He was also a soldier during wartime, a traveling salesman, shoe factory worker, and television presenter. He…

Brodie, Carolyn S.

2005-01-01

167

Keeping the Dream Alive. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents activities for teaching elementary students about Dr. Martin Luther King's life, the civil rights movement, and King's accomplishments. Suggestions include shoebox dioramas, acronym games, oral histories, multicultural awareness activities, pledge cards, community service projects, special commemorative ceremonies, and a book of dreams.…

Cassells, Linda; And Others

1993-01-01

168

Martin Luther King, Jr.: The Dream of Peaceful Revolution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This biography for younger readers depicts the life of Martin Luther King, Jr., the Nobel Peace Prize winner who dedicated himself to the struggle for equal rights for African Americans while embracing the principle of nonviolent resistance. The book presents an overview of the civil rights movement and chronicles King's role as national leader…

Rowland, Della

169

The Book of Kings in Recent Research (Part I)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines recent trends in the study of the book of Kings in the 1990s and in the beginning years of the third millennium. It focuses on issues pertaining to: composition and redaction; structure; sources; purpose; and date of the book. After a survey of recent commentaries, the studies on the book of Kings are presented in various circles

Michael Avioz

2005-01-01

170

Calculating shoreline erosion potential using nearshore stratigraphy and sediment volume: Outer Banks, North Carolina  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Despite the acknowledged influence of coastal geological framework on the behavior of beaches and barrier islands and a wealth of geological and bathymetric observations from the inner shelf, quantitatively connecting those observations to shoreline behavior has been difficult. Nearshore geologic and morphologic variability described by recent research is not well represented by conventional geologic parameters, such as mean grain size and shoreface slope, used in most shoreline change models. We propose that total nearshore sediment volume, as calculated to a continuous seismic reflection surface, provides a flexible and robust metric for use in the prediction of shoreline change. This method of determining the volume of sediment in the nearshore accounts for three-dimensional sandbar morphologies and heterogeneous seafloor sediments. The decadal-scale shoreline change rate for northeastern North Carolina is significantly correlated to the volume of sediment in the nearshore when a geologically defined base is used in volume determinations, suggesting that the shallow stratigraphic framework of transgressive coasts is an important influence on decadal shoreline behavior. Nearshore sediment volume was overestimated when an arbitrary depth-constant baseline was used and was not correlated to decadal shoreline change. This implies that a volume metric which accounts for both framework geology and variable seafloor morphology better represents the geologic character of the shoreface and may help to improve existing models of shoreline change. An empirical model of regional shoreline erosion potential demonstrates the importance of incorporating nearshore sediment volume, shallow framework geology, and surface morphology when predicting seasonal to decadal shoreline evolution.

Miselis, Jennifer L.; McNinch, Jesse E.

2006-06-01

171

Effect of Cutting Heights on Productivity and Quality of King Napier Grass (Pennisetum purpureum cv. King Grass) under Irrigation  

Microsoft Academic Search

2 Abstract: An experiment to study the effect of cutting heights on yield and nutritive values of King napier grass (Pennisetum purpureum cv. King grass) was conducted on sandy loam, Korat soil series (Oxic Paleustults) under irrigation during June 2006 to November 2007 at Khon Kaen Animal Nutrition Development Research Center, Thailand. Four treatments of cutting height at 0 (T1),

Sumran Wijitphan; Pornchai Lorwilai; Chutipong Arkaseang

2009-01-01

172

A synthesis of variability in nearshore Alaskan marine populations.  

PubMed

One of the primary goals of any monitoring program is to detect anthropogenic changes; however natural variability can be so high that it prevents detection of human-induced effects. This project synthesized existing data to identify patterns of temporal variation within nearshore marine habitats in the Gulf of Alaska and was motivated by the need for monitoring in this environment vulnerable to oil spills, such as the Exxon Valdez. I collected 786 time series that were greater than 2 years in length from unimpacted (control) sites for 226 species. Temporal variability (CV) varied widely from 1% to 447%, averaged 89%, and was not significantly different among marine populations of birds, mammals, fish, algae and invertebrates. Temporal variability of invertebrates and algae were not significantly different when abundance was measured as biomass, percent cover or density. Both invertebrates and algae showed higher variability in low intertidal habitat compared to high intertidal habitat. For invertebrates, populations on bedrock substrates had greater temporal variability than those on cobble or soft sediment substrates, while there was not a significant difference for algae on either cobble or bedrock substrates. Many of these results are surprising, given differences in movement patterns, survey methods, life histories, and so forth. These results suggest that no single group, measure or habitat will be better or worse for monitoring and detecting change. Understanding variability is a difficult task, but until we tackle it, we will likely not understand or have predictive capabilities in ecological populations and communities. PMID:18633719

Eckert, Ginny L

2008-07-17

173

Distribution of actinomycetes in near-shore tropical marine sediments.  

PubMed Central

Actinomycetes were isolated from near-shore marine sediments collected at 15 island locations throughout the Bahamas. A total of 289 actinomycete colonies were observed, and all but 6 could be assigned to the suprageneric groups actinoplanetes and streptomycetes. A bimodal distribution in the actinomycete population in relation to depth was recorded, with the maximum numbers occurring in the shallow and deep sampling sites. This distribution can be accounted for by a rapid decrease in streptomycetes and an increase in actinoplanetes with increasing depth and does not conform to the theory that actinomycetes isolated from marine sources are of terrestrial origin. Sixty-three of the isolated actinomycetes were tested for the effects of seawater on growth. Streptomycete growth in nonsaline media was reduced by 39% compared with that in seawater. The actinoplanetes had a near obligate requirement of seawater for growth, and this is presented as evidence that actinomycetes can be physiologically active in the marine environment. Problems encountered with the enumeration of actinomycetes in marine sediments are also discussed.

Jensen, P R; Dwight, R; Fenical, W

1991-01-01

174

Selective thoracic surgery in the Lenke type 1A: King III and King IV type curves  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pedicle screw fixation enables enhanced three-dimensional correction of spinal deformities and effectively shortens the distal\\u000a fusion level. However, the choice of distal fusion level is still controversial in single thoracic idiopathic scoliosis with\\u000a the lumbar compensatory curve not crossing the middle line (Lenke type 1 with modifier A or King type III and IV curves).The\\u000a authors retrospectively analyzed 31 patients

P. Parisini; M. Di Silvestre; F. Lolli; G. Bakaloudis

2009-01-01

175

From the microworld to King Kong  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The microworld inspires and fascinates many people. The behaviour of small animals in that miniature world differs from that of 'large' ones in the macroworld. For some people, the capacities of small animals are nearly miraculous. If we could imitate these small beings, our capabilities would increase many times over. Unfortunately, this is not reality. The behaviour of small animals is not miraculous. It is the aim of this paper to show why this is the case by taking into account so-called scaling laws, which allow us to deal with some science-fiction stories. These same scaling laws are used to study the morphology of the giant fictional animal King Kong.

Duvivier, Damien; Wautelet, Michel

2006-09-01

176

Ambiguity and the image of the king.  

PubMed

The following essay explores problems posed by a recently-published fresco (dated to the first century AD) that depicts Alexander the Great standing opposite an unknown female figure. The fresco is unusual in its use of conventional or codified figure types, in particular a widely-found statue type known as the "Alexander with the Lance," and for its placement of Alexander in anecdotal relation with a woman. While discussions of the picture thus far have tried to identify the scene depicted (by reference to histories of Alexander's life), the following analysis takes the difficulty of doing so itself as a motivated aspect of the image. I argue that the fresco's mode of representation is to bring together figure types whose conventional fields of meaning are in conflict with one another, and then to highlight this conflict in order to comment upon the fields (or figure types) themselves. In this case, the fresco's ambiguity in signification (the undecidability of its reference) enables a highly strategic critique of the "Alexander with the Lance" because the latter, as a prototypical "image of the king," depends upon the necessary and transparent extension of its signs. By virtue of the anecdotal relation between "Alexander" and the depicted female figure (an Aphrodite type) the fresco's critique reveals the close association between the claims for representation made by the image of the king and the patriarchal structures of power they seek to instantiate. The fresco thus offers remarkably direct data for understanding the intersection of representation and gender in the early Roman empire. I suggest in conclusion that because the image seems also to posit a specifically gendered (male) gaze, its critique is extended to the spectator and thereby provides data for understanding the intersection of the practice of representation (here, viewing) and gender. PMID:7798598

Mack, R T

1994-01-01

177

Oil & War: Revisiting M. King Hubbert's predictions.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Oil is, unlike almost any other natural resource on earth, not only finite but also irreversibly consumed. At the same time worldwide data shows that at least at present and for the foreseeable future oil consumption rate is directly proportional to the national standard of living. In 1956 and again in 1962, M. King Hubbert predicted, using a simple model based on the logistic equation, that oil production in the lower 48 United States will follow a bell shaped curve with a production peak around the year 1971 and a production level of ~ 3 billion barrels per year, followed by a rapid decline. While his model approach was ridiculed at the time production data to date reveals a remarkable agreement with this prediction: US oil production did peak in 1971 at a level of 3.2.10 barrels a day and has been declining ever since. M. King Hubbert similarly estimated also the future of oil production worldwide - predicting peak production sometime between 1995-2010 (now!) at a level of 25 to 35 billion barrels per year. Current worldwide production is ~ 27 billion barrels per year. Thus because about half of the oil in earth has already been discovered, the world is destined to face more and bigger conflicts over the control of global supplies. Although many economists and political scientists tend to dismiss the significance of Hubbert's thinking about the finiteness of recoverable oil as well as the consequent implications, it appears that without careful management these conflicts could turn into wars much bigger than in Kuwait in 1991 or in Iraq in 2003. It is therefore imperative for us as earth scientist to try to educate the public and our leaders about the basic geological reality of finite fossil energy resources, and the serious consequences of this fact.

Nur, A. M.

2003-12-01

178

Water quality and plankton in the United States nearshore waters of Lake Huron.  

PubMed

Our goal in the development of a nearshore monitoring method has been to evaluate and refine an in situ mapping approach to assess the nearshore waters across the Great Lakes. The report here for Lake Huron is part of a broader effort being conducted across all five Great Lakes. We conducted an intensive survey for the United States nearshore of Lake Huron along a continuous shoreline transect (523 km) from Port Huron, Michigan, to Detour Passage. A depth contour of 20 m was towed with a conductivity-temperature depth profiler, fluorometer, transmissometer, and laser optical plankton counter. Multiple cross-contour tows (10-30 m) on the cruise dates were used to characterize the variability across a broader range of the nearshore. The cross-contour tows were comparable with the alongshore contour indicating that the 20-m contour does a good job of representing the nearshore region (10-30 m). Strong correlations were observed between water quality and spatially associated watershed land use. A repeat tow separated by several weeks investigated temporal variability in spatial patterns within a summer season. Strong correlations were observed across each variable for the temporal repeat across broad- and fine-scale spatial dimensions. The survey results for Lake Huron nearshore are briefly compared with a similar nearshore survey in Lake Superior. The biomass concentrations of lower food web components of Lake Huron were notably approximately 54-59 % of those in Lake Superior. The towed instrumentation survey supported the recent view of a change in Lake Huron to an ultra-oligotrophic state, which has been uncharacteristic in recent history. PMID:22824959

Yurista, Peder M; Kelly, John R; Miller, Samuel E; Van Alstine, Jon D

2012-07-24

179

Influence of Wave Energetics on Nearshore Storms and Adjacent Shoreline Morphology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Large-scale climatic forcings (such as NAO and ENSO) are known to induce fluctuations in regional storm frequency and intensity. Morphology-based studies have traditionally focused on individual storms and their influence on the nearshore coastal wave regime and shoreline response. Few studies have attempted to link long-term observed changes in shoreline position, beach, and nearshore morphology with large-scale climatic forcings that influence regional storm patterns. In order to predict the response of coastlines to future sea level rise and climate change, we need to understand how changes in the frequency of storms affecting nearshore regions (nearshore storms) may influence trends in shoreline position and nearshore morphology. Nearly 30 years of wave data (deep and shallow) collected off of Duck, NC are examined for trends in storm frequency and/or intensity. Changes in shoreline position and shoreface elevation, as observed from monthly beach transects over the same period, are also investigated in light of the observed trends in hydrodynamic forcings. Our preliminary analysis was unable to identify any consistent linear trends (increases or decreases) in frequency or intensity over the ~30-year time period in either the offshore wave heights or the nearshore storm record. These data might suggest that previous observations of recent increases in storm intensity and frequency, speculated to be due to climate change, might be spatially limited. Future analyses will partition the contributions from individual wind sea and swell events in order to better identify long-term trends in wave energetics from the various wave generation regions in the Atlantic. At this location, offshore wave height and the nearshore storm record are dominated by seasonal fluctuations and a strong interdecadal- to decadal periodicity. Previous research in Duck, NC has suggested that changes in shoreline position and shoreface elevations are related both to seasonal trends as well as "storm groupiness". Our analyses support these findings, but also identify interdecadal- to decadal trends in the nearshore morphology. Despite these fluctuations, the overall position of the shoreline and elevation of the shoreface shows little net change over the 30 years investigated. We hypothesize that the interdecadal- to decadal periodicity in the morphology is driven largely by the influences of large-scale climatic forcings on the nearshore wave regime as reflected in the storm record. We also explore the relationship between morphological periodicity, storm and wave height periodicity, and climatic fluctuations.

Wadman, H. M.; McNinch, J. E.; Hanson, J.

2008-12-01

180

Dragon-kings: Mechanisms, statistical methods and empirical evidence  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This introductory article presents the special Discussion and Debate volume "From black swans to dragon-kings, is there life beyond power laws?" We summarize and put in perspective the contributions into three main themes: (i) mechanisms for dragon-kings, (ii) detection of dragon-kings and statistical tests and (iii) empirical evidence in a large variety of natural and social systems. Overall, we are pleased to witness significant advances both in the introduction and clarification of underlying mechanisms and in the development of novel efficient tests that demonstrate clear evidence for the presence of dragon-kings in many systems. However, this positive view should be balanced by the fact that this remains a very delicate and difficult field, if only due to the scarcity of data as well as the extraordinary important implications with respect to hazard assessment, risk control and predictability.

Sornette, D.; Ouillon, G.

2012-05-01

181

78 FR 5247 - Martin Luther King, Jr., Federal Holiday, 2013  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...States of America A Proclamation At a time of deep division nearly 50 years ago, a booming voice for justice rang out across...Luther King, Jr., delivered his ``I Have a Dream'' speech, challenging America...

2013-01-24

182

Mental disorder that afflicted King David the Great.  

PubMed

This research uses the tools of modern medical science to study ancient descriptions of the symptoms suffered by King David. Biblical texts were examined, with a close study of verses relating to the mental disorder that afflicted King David, the second and greatest King of Israel, who ruled more than 3525 years ago. We include no commentaries, but refer only to the words of the Bible exactly as written. Evaluation of the passages referring to King David indicated that he was afflicted by some mental disorder, and among the many possibilities major depression, dysthymia and minor depression are the most likely. Of these diagnoses, major depression seems the most acceptable. This report suggests that the roots of contemporary psychiatry can be traced back to Biblical times. PMID:15628039

Ben-Noun, Liubov

2004-12-01

183

Pneumatic Calibration Console Model 3137 (King Nutronics Corporation).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The manual provides a method for calibrating and functionally testing the King Nutronics Corporation model 3137 pneumatic calibration console. The model 3137 is of modular construction, and contains five gage modules installed in a single desk top cabinet...

1964-01-01

184

Kings Mountain Military Park, South Carolina Water Resources Scoping Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Kings Mountain National Military Park (KIMO) is a historic site set aside to interpret an important battle in the Revolutionary War, marking the beginning of several British defeats that prevented Englands attempt to conquer the nation. KIMO is centered a...

D. P. Weeks

2002-01-01

185

Riparian and upland vegetation on the Kings River Experimental ...  

Treesearch

Treesearch Home ... Component research areas of the study include stream flow, water chemistry, sediment, soil chemistry, stream invertebrates, stream algae, ... The KREW is part of a larger project called the Kings River Project (KRP).

186

Cloning and purification of ?-neurotoxins from king cobra ( Ophiophagus hannah)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thirteen complete and three partial cDNA sequences were cloned from the constructed king cobra (Ophiophagus hannah) venom gland cDNA library. Phylogenetic analysis of nucleotide sequences of king cobra with those from other snake venoms revealed that obtained cDNAs are highly homologous to snake venom ?-neurotoxins. Alignment of deduced mature peptide sequences of the obtained clones with those of other reported

Ying-Ying He; Wei-Hui Lee; Yun Zhang

2004-01-01

187

VARIATION IN FORAGING AND PARENTAL BEHAVIOR OF KING CORMORANTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

We studied sexual and individual differences in foraging and parental be- havior of King Cormorants (Phalacrocorax albiventer) during the brood-rearing period at Mac- quarie Island. King Cormorants exhibit sexual dimorphism in size, with males being 16% heavier than females. Females foraged mainly in the morning and males in the afternoon. Five females were shallow divers (1.9 to 6.8 m), and

Akiko Kato; Yutaka Watanuki; Isao Nishiumi; Maki Kuroki; Peter Shaughnessy; Yasuhiko Naito

2000-01-01

188

Investigation of the feasibility of linking a sediment transport model with a nearshore circulation model  

SciTech Connect

A sediment transport model was integrated with the nearshore circulation model of Birkemeier and Dalrymple (University of Delaware) to identify those regions where sediment erosion and accretion are likely. A related report describes the application of the original circulation model to a stretch of Lake Michigan coastline and compares that model's predictions with field measurements of nearshore waves and currents made during storm conditions. The modified circulation model (with sediment transport) exhibited strong interaction among the wave field, the current field, and the bathymetry when applied to the Lake Michigan beach using the field data. As a result, large amounts of computer time were required to carry out the model calculations, and it was impractical to simulate more than a few minutes of real time. Therefore, the model in its present form does not appear suitable for the long-term prediction of sediment transport and resultant modifications to nearshore bathymetry. 7 refs., 11 figs.

Paddock, R.A.; Ditmars, J.D.

1981-08-01

189

Breakpoint-forced and bound long waves in the nearshore: A model comparison  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A finite-difference model is used to compare long wave amplitudes arising from two-group forced generation mechanisms in the nearshore: long waves generated at a time-varying breakpoint and the shallow-water extension of the bound long wave. Plane beach results demonstrate that the strong frequency selection in the outgoing wave predicted by the breakpoint-forcing mechanism may not be observable in field data due to this wave's relatively small size and its predicted phase relation with the bound wave. Over a bar/trough nearshore, it is shown that a strong frequency selection in shoreline amplitudes is not a unique result of the time-varying breakpoint model, but a general result of the interaction between topography and any broad-banded forcing of nearshore long waves.

List, Jeffrey, H.

1993-01-01

190

Drag king magic: performing/becoming the other.  

PubMed

This chapter seeks to theorize drag king practice through the lenses of alterity, liminality, and performance theory, while attempting to complicate and reinvigorate discussions of identity raised by drag. I examine the ways in which drag king performance plumbs the concept of "the Other," and forces confrontation with a complex field of desire. Contemporary "queergirl" existence negotiates a range of desirable and desiring Others, from the polarities (i.e., butch-femme) unique to queer structures of desire, to the desire of those on the cultural margins for the power of those at the center, and vice versa. I employ anthropological theories of performance, mimesis, and liminality to establish a framework through which drag kings may be viewed as crucibles of this desire and agents of this power exchange. By performing maleness, drag kings expand and redraw the definitional boundaries of the male, interfere with the cultural power of mainstream maleness, and simultaneously transfer some of this power to themselves as queer women. At the same time, drag king existence forces a renegotiation of queergirl desire to encompass a range of masculinities. By performing/becoming the Other, drag kings engage in a practice of magic which transforms both margin and center. PMID:12769281

Rosenfeld, Kathryn

2002-01-01

191

Detecting Land-based Signals in the Near-shore Zone of Lake Erie During Summer 2009  

EPA Science Inventory

We conducted two styles of nearshore surveys in Lake Erie during August to mid-September 2009. The first used a spatially-balanced probability survey (SBS) design to establish discrete stations within a GIS-defined target populationthe nearshore zone extending approximately 5 km...

192

Neutralization of acidic groundwater inputs and control of metal mobility by a near-shore adirondack lake sediment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Biogeochemical processes contributing to the neutralization of acidic groundwater passing through near-shore sediments of an acidified lake (Dart's Lake) were investigated in a controlled laboratory experiment. Three intact sediment cores collected from the near-shore region of the lake were connected to a system that simulated groundwater flow through lake sediments in a temperature controlled laboratory environment. The effect of sediment

Gary C. Schafran; Raveendra V. Ika

1991-01-01

193

Seasonal Variation in Fish Assemblage Structure and Habitat Structure in the Nearshore Littoral Zone of Wisconsin Lakes  

Microsoft Academic Search

To evaluate whether fish abundance, fish habitat, and fish-habitat associations vary across seasons in nearshore littoral zones of five northern Wisconsin lakes, we assessed fish abundances and quantified habitat characteristics in littoral zones across three seasons (spring, summer, and fall) during 1996. Seasonal responses of the fish community in the nearshore littoral zone were taxa specific and guild specific. In

Gene R. Hatzenbeler; Michael A. Bozek; Martin J. Jennings; Edward E. Emmons

2000-01-01

194

Nearshore Sediment Budget: Correlating Volume to Shoreline Change, Outer Banks, North Carolina  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Though the importance of understanding the exchange of sediment between the shoreline and the nearshore has long been recognized, data capable of addressing the three-dimensional character of the system are lacking. The response of traditional cross-shore profiles to forcing is not representative of the entire beach because of alongshore variability of the beach and nearshore sandbar. Measuring changes in shoreline position along the coast permits analysis of alongshore shoreline variability, but does not account for the actual volume of sediment lost from and restored to the beach. Temporally and spatially variable erosional hotspots identified by List and Farris (1999) along the Outer Banks, North Carolina further confound the study of coastal sediment exchange in the region of interest. A geophysical survey (from Duck to Oregon Inlet) was carried out in order to understand the role of geological characteristics in the transport of sediment between the shoreline and nearshore. Contrary to the assumptions of many shoreline and shoreface change models, the modern sand layer observed over the 40-km study area is not infinitely thick and is highly variable. Modern sediment thicknesses were calculated to a continuous seismic reflection surface that spanned the survey area, the average being 0.42m ± 0.19m. Higher standard deviations (variability) in sediment thickness seem to be loosely related to the presence of shore-oblique sandbars as described by McNinch (in press). Nearshore sediment volume was calculated and relationships to nearshore morphology were explored. Though shore-oblique bars may not represent a large percentage of the total sand regionally (7.9%), locally their influence is much greater. Of the three areas in which bars were identified, the volume of sediment contained within the bars represented 44% of the total volume in the largest bar field, and 14% and 11%, respectively, in more minor bar fields. Nearshore sediment volumes correlated well (correlation coefficient ˜0.60) with long-term shoreline change data (50 year data set, NC Division of Coastal Management) suggesting that long-term trends in shoreline change may be related to the total amount of available sediment in the nearshore. Correlation analyses with short-term shoreline change data will also be explored. These preliminary data suggest that volume calculations considering the total amount of nearshore sediment above a continuous, non-sandy seismic reflection surface may be useful in the prediction of long-term shoreline change trends. The utility of this approach in predicting changes over shorter temporal and spatial scales is the subject of current research.

Miselis, J. L.; McNinch, J. E.

2004-12-01

195

Land-use planning for nearshore ecosystem services—the Puget Sound Ecosystem Portfolio Model  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The 2,500 miles of shoreline and nearshore areas of Puget Sound, Washington, provide multiple benefits to people—"ecosystem services"—including important fishing, shellfishing, and recreation industries. To help resource managers plan for expected growth in coming decades, the U.S. Geological Survey Western Geographic Science Center has developed the Puget Sound Ecosystem Portfolio Model (PSEPM). Scenarios of urban growth and shoreline modifications serve as model inputs to develop alternative futures of important nearshore features such as water quality and beach habitats. Model results will support regional long-term planning decisions for the Puget Sound region.

Byrd, Kristin

2011-01-01

196

Storm-induced response of a nearshore-bar system  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A nearshore-bar system was surveyed periodically through a storm and the following recovery period. The data showed a very rapid response of morphology to changing wave conditions and allowed various models on bar formation to be tested. Under low-energy conditions prior to the storm a small bar was surveyed 13 m offshore. Both the high reflectivity of the beach and the cross-shore distance to the bar are consistent with a model of sediment convergence at the node or antinode of a standing wave of incident period. Such a small-scale bar may be a common feature on beaches with steep foreshores and more gentle offshore slopes. With the increase in wave height during the storm, the bar became better developed and migrated offshore at rates up to 2.2 m h-1. The bar maintained its form in that the ratio of trough depth to crest depth ( ht hc) remained roughly constant. The bar was in no way related to processes which would cause the convergence of sediment in the breaker zone; through most of the storm the bar-crest distance offshore was typically only 10% of the surf-zone width. Analysis of the bar distance offshore in terms of a standing wave motion showed that the causative wave period must have been much longer than that of incident waves, probably on the order of a minute. Surf-zone wave data showed significant energy in the infragravity band at these periods although no definite link has been made. After the height of the storm, the bar had a crescentic morphology. The development of this morphology occurred very rapidly with parts of the bar migrating onshore at rates up to 1.2 m h-1. In contrast to the storm, during the recovery period ht hc varied by nearly a factor of three. Analysis of the offshore and longshore length scales showed the bar to be similar to one which would be generated by a standing mode 1 edge wave of period on the order of one minute. ?? 1985.

Sallenger, Jr. , A. H.; Holman, R. A.; Birkemeier, W. A.

1985-01-01

197

Calculating shoreline erosion potential using nearshore stratigraphy and sediment volume: Outer Banks, North Carolina  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the acknowledged influence of coastal geological framework on the behavior of beaches and barrier islands and a wealth of geological and bathymetric observations from the inner shelf, quantitatively connecting those observations to shoreline behavior has been difficult. Nearshore geologic and morphologic variability described by recent research is not well represented by conventional geologic parameters, such as mean grain size

Jennifer L. Miselis; Jesse E. McNinch

2006-01-01

198

The nearshore phosphorus shunt: a consequence of ecosystem engineering by dreissenids in the Laurentian Great Lakes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dreissenid mussels have been exceptionally successful invaders in North American lakes and rivers, espe- cially in the lower Laurentian Great Lakes. As benthic filter feeders capable of attaching to hard substrates, the magni- tudes of their biomass and filtering activity in nearshore waters are without precedent. The dreissenid colonization has implications for the removal and fate of materials filtered from

R. E. Hecky; R. E. H. Smith; D. R. Barton; S. J. Guildford; W. D. Taylor; M. N. Charlton; T. Howell

2004-01-01

199

Estimating Sampling Effort for Biomonitoring of Nearshore Fish Communities in Small Central Minnesota Lakes  

Microsoft Academic Search

I estimated the sampling effort required to sufficiently describe the species richness and composition of fish inhabiting the nearshore (wadeable) zone of lakes and compared 10 species richness estimators in 56 similarly sized (small) central Minnesota lakes. A systematic sampling design was employed wherein 10 stations were equally spaced around each lake and the first station was selected randomly. Sampling

Melissa T. Drake

2007-01-01

200

The tidal influence on oil and gas emissions from an abandoned oil well: Nearshore Summerland, California  

Microsoft Academic Search

Oil and gas emissions were quantified for natural and human sources in nearshore waters off Summerland, California through deployment of custom designed collection tents. Seepage was measured at a repeatedly abandoned well, on the seabed from a caisson located along the historical location of the Treadwell Wharf, where the world’s first off-shore oil wells were drilled at the end of

Ira Leifer; Ken Wilson

2007-01-01

201

Effects of nutrient subsidies from groundwater to nearshore marine ecosystems off the island of Hawaii  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nonconservative fluxes of dissolved nutrients (Si, N and P) in groundwater and nearshore ocean water off two golf courses (Keauhou and Waikoloa) on the west coast of Hawaii were estimated using a one-dimensional mixing model. Groundwater flowing under the Keauhou course discharges into a semi-enclosed embayment with restricted circulation. Leaching of 10% of the N from golf course fertilizer accounted

S. J. Dollar; M. J. Atkinson

1992-01-01

202

Comparing quality of estuarine and nearshore intertidal habitats for Carcinus maenas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Estuarine and nearshore marine areas are vital habitats for several fish and benthic invertebrates. The shore crab Carcinus maenas (Crustacea: Brachyura: Portunidae) inhabits a variety of coastal, estuarine and lagoon habitats. At low tide, habitat structural complexity may be most important for crabs in the intertidal, providing refuge from predation and desiccation. The quality of different vegetated and nonvegetated estuarine

Valter Amaral; Henrique N. Cabral; Stuart Jenkins; Stephen Hawkins; José Paula

2009-01-01

203

Nearshore Habitat and Fish Community Associations of Coaster Brook Trout in Isle Royale, Lake Superior  

Microsoft Academic Search

We characterized the nearshore habitat and fish community composition of approximately 300 km of shoreline within and adjacent to the major embayments of Isle Royale, Lake Superior. Sampling yielded 17 species, of which 12 were widespread and represented a common element of the Lake Superior fish community, including cisco Coregonus artedi, lake whitefish C. clupeaformis, round whitefish Prosopium cylindraceum, lake

Owen T. Gorman; Seth A. Moore; Andrew J. Carlson; Henry R. Quinlan

2008-01-01

204

Fate and effects of drilling fluid and cutting discharges in shallow, nearshore waters  

SciTech Connect

The relationships between selected environmental parameters (sedimentology, trace metals, and hydrocarbons) and macroinfaunal assemblages were studied to determine the fate and effects of drilling fluid and cutting discharges from a multiple well site in a shallow nearshore environment. Results are presented.

Not Available

1989-01-01

205

Green urchin as a significant source of fecal particulate organic matter within nearshore benthic ecosystems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The role of green sea urchin Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis as a source of fecal particulate organic matter (POM) for the benthic nearshore ecosystems has been studied over a 3.5-month period. Three macroalgae were tested as food sources: Alaria esculenta, Laminaria longicruris and Ulvaria obscura. Urchins were fed ad libitum with either a single alga species or a mixture of all three

Jean Mamelona; Émilien Pelletier

2005-01-01

206

Commencement bay nearshore/tideflats feasibility study. Executive summary. Draft report  

SciTech Connect

The report summarizes the findings of the feasibility study prepared for the waterways/shoreline portion of the Commencement Bay Nearshore/Tideflats Superfund site in Tacoma, Washington. The purpose of the feasibility study was to develop and evaluate the most appropriate remedial strategies for correcting the human health and environmental impacts associated with contaminated sediments in the site.

Not Available

1988-12-01

207

Evaluating a Lake Tahoe nearshore assessment strategy: A circumnavigation survey, August 2011  

EPA Science Inventory

We had the opportunity to apply a high-resolution nearshore sampling strategy, developed in the US/Canadian Laurentian Great Lakes, to Lake Tahoe. The strategy uses towed in situ sensors (physico-chemistry and biology) oscillated from near surface to near bottom while a vessel i...

208

Upwelling shadows as nearshore retention sites: the example of northern Monterey Bay  

Microsoft Academic Search

Periods of elevated temperatures in northern Monterey Bay suggest that this is a region of increased residence time during periods of active upwelling. Nearshore increases in near-surface temperature often coincide with offshore decreases in temperature as cold, upwelled water is advected into the center of the bay—the juxtaposition of warm and cold water enhancing the thermal signature of a feature

William M. Graham; John L. Largier

1997-01-01

209

The Benthic Fauna and Sediments of the Nearshore Zone Off Panama City Beach, Florida.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study presents: (1) basic data on the benthic fauna and surface sediments of the nearshore zone of Panama City Beach, Fla., before restoration of the beach, and (2) the results of a study on the effect of Hurricane Eloise on the benthic fauna in the ...

C. H. Saloman

1976-01-01

210

Water Quality and Plankton in the United States Nearshore Waters of Lake Huron  

EPA Science Inventory

We conducted an intensive survey for the US nearshore of Lake Huron along a continuous segment (523 km) from Port Huron Michigan to Detour Passage. A depth contour of 20 m was towed with a CTD, fluorometer, transmissometer, and laser optical plankton counter (LOPC). The continu...

211

High Resolution Bathymetry and Lakebed Characterization in the Nearshore of Western Lake Michigan  

Microsoft Academic Search

The nearshore zone of western Lake Michigan is poorly characterized both in terms of its fine scale bathymetry and its lakebed characteristics. Difficulties in characterizing the lakebed of this region arise in part because of its patchiness as well as the fact that much of the lakebed is not amenable to conventional sediment sampling techniques. With this in mind, high

James T. Waples; Robert Paddock; John Janssen; David Lovalvo; Boris Schulze; Jerry Kaster; J. Val Klump

2005-01-01

212

Analysis of near-shore sea surface temperatures in the Northern Pacific  

EPA Science Inventory

Recent studies report a warming trend in Pacific Ocean temperatures over the last 50 years. However, much less is known about temperature change in the near-coastal environment, which is particularly sensitive to climatic change. In near-shore regions in situ sea surface temper...

213

Modeling and Understanding Remotely Forced Rip Current Systems at the Nearshore Canyon Experiment (NCEX)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Evaluation of data collected during the Nearshore Canyon Experiment, has shown that our time-dependent circulation model (OK-Model; Özkan-Haller and Kirby, JGR, 1999), forced using radiation stress gradients derived from spectral wave models, can predict the spatial location of large offshore directed flows (rip currents). The locations of these transient rip currents, which are not controlled by the local nearshore bathymetry, are visible in remote sensing time exposure and variance images due to the advection of foam on the water surface (Eos Trans. AGU, 84(46), Ocean Sci. Meet. Suppl., Abstract OS21I-04, 2003). Further investigation has indicated that optical measurements of circulation patterns coincide with the numerical predictions. With this validation, the numerical models are being used to evaluate the sensitivity of the dynamic rip current system at the NCEX site to changes in wave conditions and nearshore bathymetry. Additionally, the walls of the offshore submarine canyon contain an undulating pattern that may be important in generating small-scale variations in waveheight, thereby driving rip currents where the water surface is at a local minimum, even in regions where the wave height is generally high. Theoretical tests using bottom boundaries with anomalies in intermediate and deep water are being performed to determine the effect these offshore contours can have in dictating nearshore circulation patterns. These results will provide insight regarding the role of patterns along canyon walls in prescribing the spatial location of the rip currents.

Long, J. W.; Özkan-Haller, H. T.; Holman, R. A.

2004-12-01

214

Establishment of two invasive crustaceans (Copepoda: Harpacticoida) in the nearshore sands  

Microsoft Academic Search

Benthic copepods (Copepoda: Harpacticoida) in the nearshore sediments of southern Lake Michigan appear to be dominated by two new invasive species. We report the first occurrence in North America of Schizopera borutzkyi Montschenko, a native to the Danube River delta, and Heteropsyllus nr. nunni, likely a new species that is morphologi- cally similar to the marine species Heteropsyllus nunni and

Thomas G. Horvath; Richard L. Whitman; Laurel L. Last

215

Microplankton population structure in Southern California nearshore waters in late spring  

Microsoft Academic Search

Taxonomic composition, biomass as organic carbon, numerical abundance, and size distribution of the microplankton were determined at 6 Southern California nearshore locations in late May–early June, 1970. Samples were taken at approximately 5 m (10 m at one station) intervals through the upper 40 to 50 m to reveal some of the small-scale differences and levels of variability in the

J. R. Beers; F. M. H. Reid; G. L. Stewart

1980-01-01

216

Arctic Fish Habitat Use Investigations: Nearshore Studies in the Alaskan Beaufort Sea, Summer 1988.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A fish survey was conducted in the Beaufort Sea to collect arctic char for genetic stock identification research and to investigate habitat use by fish in the nearshore zone. A 150 m purse seine was the primary sampling gear, supplemented with gillnet whe...

D. A. Hale L. E. Jarvela L. K. Thorsteinson

1990-01-01

217

Lake Superior: Nearshore Variability and a Landscape Driver Concept (journal article)  

EPA Science Inventory

Spatial variation is well known to exist in water quality parameters of the Great Lakes nearshore, however strong patterns for extended reaches also have been observed and found to be robust across seasonal time frames. Less is known about robustness of inter-annual variation wi...

218

Building the Link Between NearShore Dynamics and the Stratigraphic Record  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to further investigate the transport mechanisms and the life cycle of sediments in continental margins, an experimental approach has been designed. It is outlined by the following three objectives: monitoring near-shore dynamics using acoustic tools, measuring seabed stress and load using sensors buried in the seafloor, interpreting off-shore stratigraphic record from seismic surveys. The overall objective is to

N. Le Dantec; G. B. Deane; N. W. Driscoll

2004-01-01

219

Sulfur and Oxygen Isotopic Composition of Sulfate in the Fresh Water, King Sejong Station, King George Island, Antarctica  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Isotopic compositions of sulfur (?34S) and oxygen (?18O) were measured for the sulfate of the fresh water near the King Sejong Station, King George Island, Antarctica. Sejong station is located in the Barton peninsular of the King George Island. The geology around King Sejong station mainly composed of basalt-andesite, quart monzodiorite, and granodiorite. Lapilli tuff, conglomerate, sandstone, and siltstone occur along the southern and eastern shore of the Barton peninsula. Lapilli tuff also occurs on the highland located on southeastern part of the Barton peninsula. The ?34S values of sulfate extracted from fresh water samples at King Sejong Station range from 13.7 to 16.3 per mil excluding 1 sample. These sulfur values are very narrow in their range compared with those from anthropogenic sources. These sulfur values are 5 to 7 per mil lower than those of typical present seawater. Considering the rocks occurring near the King Sejong station, these sulfur isotopic values do not seem to be related to any evaporites of certain age. In Antarctic region the natural source of sulfate dissolved in water could be originated from marine biogenic source (DMS), sea-salt, volcanic source, or other continental sources. Most of the ?34S values of sulfate at King Sejong station seems to indicate the dominance of marine biogenic origin for the source of sulfur. The ?18O values of sulfate extracted from fresh water samples at King Sejong Station range from 1.9 to 6.4 per mil excluding 1 sample. These oxygen isotope values are lower than those of the sulfate in the present seawater by 6 per mil. However, both sulfur and oxygen isotope values strongly represent the influence of the seawater sulfate. One sample have 2.6 and -1.1 per mil in its ?34S and ?18O values, respectively, that are quite different from the isotopic values of other samples. This sample was collected in the highland far from the King Sejong station. Therefore this sample might reflect the composition of rather pure precipitation not affected by seawater sulfate. The atmospheric deposition might have been the major source of dissolved sulfate but it is not clear whether the source materials are from natural and/or anthropogenic origin.

Kim, M.; Lee, I.; Lee, J.; Park, B.; Mayer, B.; Kaufman, A. J.; Park, S.; Kim, G.; Lee, K.

2008-12-01

220

Inbreeding, eugenics, and Helen Dean King (1869-1955).  

PubMed

Helen Dean King's scientific work focused on inbreeding using experimental data collected from standardized laboratory rats to elucidate problems in human heredity. The meticulous care with which she carried on her inbreeding experiments assured that her results were dependable and her theoretical explanations credible. By using her nearly homozygous rats as desired commodities, she also was granted access to venues and people otherwise unavailable to her as a woman. King's scientific career was made possible through her life experiences. She earned a doctorate from Bryn Mawr College under Thomas Hunt Morgan and spent a productive career at the Wistar Institute of Anatomy and Biology in Philadelphia where she had access to the experimental subjects which made her career possible. In this paper I examine King's work on inbreeding, her participation in the debates over eugenics, her position at the Wistar Institute, her status as a woman working with mostly male scientists, and her involvement with popular science. PMID:18348398

Ogilvie, Marilyn Bailey

2007-01-01

221

The Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project at Stanford University  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located at Stanford University, the Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project is producing what will almost certainly become the definitive collection of the great civil rights leader's writings. When completed, the fourteen-volume The Papers of Martin Luther King, Jr. will serve as an indispensable reference tool for historians of the civil rights movement. In the meantime, teachers and students can make use of the resources offered at this site. These include a number of full-text primary documents (including the "I Have a Dream" speech and the "I've Been To The Mountaintop" sermon), a general biography, a chronology of King's life, a recommended reading section, and scholarly articles produced by Project staff members (under construction). The Project plans to continually add new documents to the site as they are digitized. Free registration is required to view the papers, and registered users may choose to be informed about future site updates and related events.

222

Maximal entanglement, collective coordinates and tracking the King  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Maximal entangled states provide a basis to two d-dimensional particles in Hilbert space, d = prime ? 2. The maximally entangled states forming this basis are uniquely related to product states in the collective, center of mass and relative, coordinates. These states are associated (underpinned) with lines of finite geometry whose constituent points are associated with product states carrying mutual unbiased bases labels. This representation is shown to be convenient for the study of the mean King problem and a variant thereof, termed ‘tracking the King’, which proves to be a novel quantum communication channel. The main topics and notations used are reviewed in an attempt to keep the paper self contained.

Revzen, M.

2013-02-01

223

[The fall from height of king Ocozhyia of Israel].  

PubMed

An historic and literary analysis was performed to evaluate the clinical characteristics of the fall from height experienced by Israeli King Ocozhyia (book of kings 2: 2-17). We conclude that the clinical course was brief, there was no brain injury and it is likely that he developed a fracture but no retroperitoneal, soft tissue or vascular injury. Most likely hypovolemia and respiratory insufficiency derived from thoraco-abdominal injury caused his death. The biblical writer apparently was close to the action. PMID:1844764

González, C; Espinoza, R

1991-07-01

224

3 CFR 8340 - Proclamation 8340 of January 15, 2009. Martin Luther King, Jr., Federal Holiday, 2009  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009 Proc. 8340 Martin Luther King, Jr., Federal Holiday, 2009By the...America A Proclamation On the Martin Luther King, Jr., Federal Holiday, we recognize...tremendous progress in redeeming the ideals of America and protecting...

2010-01-01

225

Antihemorrhagin in the blood serum of king cobra ( Ophiophagus hannah): purification and characterization  

Microsoft Academic Search

King cobra (Ophiophagus hannah) serum was found to possess antihemorrhagic activity against king cobra hemorrhagin. The activity was stronger than that in commercial king cobra antivenom. An antihemorrhagin has been purified by ion exchange chromatography, affinity chromatography and gel filtration with a 22-fold purification and an overall yield of 12% of the total antihemorrhagic activity contained in crude serum. The

Lawan Chanhome; Orawan Khow; Tamotsu Omori-Satoh; Visith Sitprija

2003-01-01

226

What Price Surrender. The Court-Martial of Major General Edward P. King.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The ethical dilemma faced by Major General Edward P. King, senior officer on Bataan in April 1942, is the subject of this paper. General King surrendered his command to the Japanese in direct violation of his lawful orders. King did this because he believ...

D. J. McNally

1996-01-01

227

The Inaccuracies in the Reprintings of Martin Luther King's "I Have a Dream" Speech.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifies the additions, deletions, and changes in the reprinted versions of King's classic speech. (Serves both as a warning that published speeches cannot be depended upon to preserve the original text and as a source of reference for teachers using Dr. King.s speech in classroom study.) (PD)

Bosmajian, Haig

1982-01-01

228

Commemoration of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., January 15, 1929-April 4, 1968. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed in honor of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., this is a short collection of suggested activities to teach black awareness in the elementary and secondary grades through King's philosophy. An introductory biographical sketch of King and an article about his accomplishments are provided. Activities are divided into grade-level ranges for the…

Montgomery County Public Schools, Rockville, MD.

229

Let Freedom Ring: The Life & Legacy of Martin Luther King, Jr. [Lesson Plan].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This lesson plan teaches students about the life and work of Martin Luther King, Jr. Students listen to a brief biography, view photographs of the March on Washington, and read a portion of King's "I Have a Dream" speech. After studying Dr. King's use of imagery and allusion, students create original poetic phrases about freedom and illustrate…

National Endowment for the Humanities (NFAH), Washington, DC.

230

Ugiuvangmiut Quliapyuit = King Island Tales. Eskimo History and Legends from Bering Strait.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The collection of native tales from King Island, Alaska, contains tales told originally in Inupiaq Eskimo by seven native elders. Introductory sections provide background information on the storytellers, King Island Village and its people, traditional life there, and the language of the King Islanders. The 25 tales are divided into groups: "The…

Kaplan, Lawrence D., Ed.

231

Let Freedom Ring: The Life & Legacy of Martin Luther King, Jr. [Lesson Plan].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This lesson plan teaches students about the life and work of Martin Luther King, Jr. Students listen to a brief biography, view photographs of the March on Washington, and read a portion of King's "I Have a Dream" speech. After studying Dr. King's use of imagery and allusion, students create original poetic phrases about freedom and illustrate…

National Endowment for the Humanities (NFAH), Washington, DC.

232

The Inaccuracies in the Reprintings of Martin Luther King's "I Have a Dream" Speech.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Identifies the additions, deletions, and changes in the reprinted versions of King's classic speech. (Serves both as a warning that published speeches cannot be depended upon to preserve the original text and as a source of reference for teachers using Dr. King.s speech in classroom study.) (PD)|

Bosmajian, Haig

1982-01-01

233

Commemoration of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., January 15, 1929-April 4, 1968. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Developed in honor of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., this is a short collection of suggested activities to teach black awareness in the elementary and secondary grades through King's philosophy. An introductory biographical sketch of King and an article about his accomplishments are provided. Activities are divided into grade-level ranges for the…

Montgomery County Public Schools, Rockville, MD.

234

77 FR 34798 - Safety Zone; USMMA Fireworks, Long Island Sound, Kings Point, NY  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Fireworks, Long Island Sound, Kings Point, NY AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Temporary...Island Sound in the vicinity of Kings Point, NY for a fireworks display. This temporary...Island Sound in the vicinity of Kings Point, NY. All persons and vessels shall comply...

2012-06-12

235

Ugiuvangmiut Quliapyuit = King Island Tales. Eskimo History and Legends from Bering Strait.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The collection of native tales from King Island, Alaska, contains tales told originally in Inupiaq Eskimo by seven native elders. Introductory sections provide background information on the storytellers, King Island Village and its people, traditional life there, and the language of the King Islanders. The 25 tales are divided into groups: "The…

Kaplan, Lawrence D., Ed.

236

THE 2001 ALABAMA SHAKESPEARE FESTIVAL PRODUCTIONS OF KING JOHN AND JULIUS CAESAR  

Microsoft Academic Search

n its thirtieth anniversary season, the Alabama Shakespeare Festival produced one play never before performed at the Festival, Shakespeare's King John; and Julius Caesar, last performed in 1991. King John was performed in the 250-seat Octagon Theatre, while Julius Caesar was performed in the larger 750-seat Festival Stage. While Howard Jensen of Indiana University directed King John and Kent Thompson,

Craig Barrow

237

Nearshore Habitat Use by Juvenile Chinook Salmon in Lentic Systems of the Lake Washington Basin, Annual Report 2002.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In 2002, we continued our assessment of the habitat use of juvenile Chinook salmon (Oncoryhnchus tshawytscha) in the nearshore areas of Lake Washington and Lake Sammamish. Juvenile Chinook salmon are found in Lake Washington and Lake Sammamish between Jan...

E. P. Bixler H. A. Gearns J. A. Scheurer R. A. Tabor

2004-01-01

238

Physical, Chemical, and Biological Characteristics of Nearshore Zone of Sand Key, Florida, Prior to Beach Restoration. Volume 2.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study defines some of the major physical, chemical, and biological characteristics of the nearshore zone off Sand Key, Florida before restoration by dredging. Results of a supplemental study on the effects of hydraulic dredging for emergency restorati...

C. H. Saloman

1974-01-01

239

Hydrology, Nutrient Concentrations, and Nutrient Yields in Nearshore Areas of Four Lakes in Northern Wisconsin, 1999-2001.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The effects of shoreline development on water quality and nutrient yields in nearshore areas of four lakes in northern Wisconsin were investigated from October 1999 through September 2001. The study measured surface runoff and ground-water flows from pair...

D. J. Graczyk R. J. Hunt S. R. Greb C. A. Buchwalk J. T. Krohelski

2003-01-01

240

A Procedure for Using Polychaete Annelids for Environmental Monitoring and Assessment in the Nearshore Panama City, Florida Area.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents a new methodology for averaging and summarizing large volumes of data resulting from polychaete annelid worm sampling studies into a simple, comprehensible form useful in nearshore environmental monitoring and assessment. The result i...

H. G. Loftin . M. Tuovila

1981-01-01

241

King: estimating latency between arbitrary internet end hosts  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ability to estimate network latencies between arbitrary Internet end hosts would enable new measurement studies and applications, such as investigating routing path inefficiencies on a wide-scale or constructing topologically sensitive overlay networks. In this paper we present King, a tool that accurately and quickly estimates the latency between arbitrary end hosts by using recursive DNS queries in a novel

Krishna P. Gummadi; Stefan Saroiu; Steven D. Gribble

2002-01-01

242

Attack Helicopter Evaluation, Model 309 KingCobra Helicopter.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The US Army Aviation Systems Test Activity conducted an evaluation of the Bell Helicopter Company Model 309 KingCobra during the period 5 June to 6 July 1972. This testing was accomplished in support of the Attack Helicopter Requirements Evaluation perfor...

G. A. Smith G. L. Skinner J. I. Nagata L. J. Hepler P. G. Stringer

1972-01-01

243

Bioeconomic Simulation of the Alaskan King Crab Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report presents a bioeconomic simulation model of the Alaskan red king crab industry for the period 1970-92. A biologist stock submodel is joined with an economic market submodel to predict behavioral responses of the industry and of crab stocks to a ...

S. C. Matulich J. E. Hanson R. C. Mittelhammer

1988-01-01

244

77 FR 2905 - Martin Luther King, Jr., Federal Holiday, 2012  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...where he once spoke, a symbol of how far our Nation has come and a testament to the quiet...realizing his remarkable dream is unending, with...King's faith in a God who loves all His...ensuring all Americans have access to strong and...NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA,...

2012-01-20

245

"What Go Round Come Round": King in Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The author examines the precedent set in the King v Ann Arbor case as a tool to reform the miseducation of Black children. She also details some linguistic and sociocultural aspects of the controversy over whether Black English is a language or a dialect. (SK)|

Smitherman, Geneva

1981-01-01

246

Predoctoral dental implant education at King Abdulaziz University  

PubMed Central

Objective In June 2008, a survey of freshly graduated dental students of King Abdulaziz University Jeddah was conducted to evaluate the extent of their exposure to oral implantology and their knowledge of some basic principles of dental implant treatment. Materials and methods Multiple-choice questionnaires were given to the fresh graduate dental students of King Abdulaziz University Jeddah to answer. Sixty-six students responded out of 86, yielding a response rate of 76.7%. Results Majority of the students (78.8%) thought that they did not have enough lectures about dental implants and all of them thought that they did not have enough training in dental implant. Most of the students were not familiar with different dental implant systems (61.1%), designs (60.6%) or sizes (74.2%). Majority of the students were lacking the knowledge about basic principles of dental implant treatment. At King Abdulaziz University, Faculty of Dentistry, implant dentistry is taught to the students in the form of implant-related lectures incorporated into their periodontic, oral surgery and prosthodontic courses with one or two lectures given on dental implant in each course. Conclusion There is an urgent need to develop a well-structured implant course that includes didactic, laboratory, preclinical and clinical components at the undergraduate curriculum of King Abdulaziz University Faculty of Dentistry.

Aljohani, Hind Ahmed; AlGhamdi, Ali Saad Thafeed

2009-01-01

247

Teaching about Martin Luther King, Jr.: To What End?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Argues that the celebration of Martin Luther King's birthday provides an opportunity to reaffirm his principles of social justice and positive social change. Outlines a teaching-learning unit (G4-12) based on his writings and speeches. Describes materials needed; teacher preparation; objectives; concepts to be explored; skills to be developed and…

Banfield, Beryle

1985-01-01

248

Cocktail-party effect in king penguin colonies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The king penguin, Aptenodytes patagonicus, breeds without a nest in colonies of several thousands of birds. To be fed, the chick must recognize the parents in a particularly noisy environment using only vocal cues. The call an adult makes when seeking the chick is emitted at a high amplitude level. Nevertheless, it is transmitted in a colonial context involving the

Thierry Aubin; Pierre Jouventin

1998-01-01

249

THE FREQUENCY OF RHESUS PHENOTYPES AT KING HUSSEIN MEDICAL CENTER  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the frequency of Rh-hr phenotypes and the most probable genotypes in Jordan. Methods: The study group consisted of 1000 Jordanians of both sexes (593 males & 407 females), from different age groups, who were selected from blood donors at King Hussein Medical Center. Rh-hr phenotype reactivity was determined using the tube

Ali Abou-Jabal; Taisir Shubeilat

250

The Assault upon Kings and Tyrants in the Moses Tradition  

Microsoft Academic Search

The biblical traditions concerning Moses in the book of Exodus and Numbers contain an obvious critique of tyrannical kings and their oppressive deeds, as dramatically metaphored by pharaoh and his actions. Movies and cartoons over the years have captured the power of this dramatic symbolism. A close reading of the text unveils how even more deeply penetrating this critique of

Robert K. Gnuse

2009-01-01

251

Of Pharaohs and Kings—Whence the Exodus?  

Microsoft Academic Search

A close correlation exists between the stories surrounding the Exodus (the ‘Exodus narrative’) and the stories dealing with the rebellions of Jeroboam against Solomon and Rehoboam (the ‘Jeroboam narrative’). The encounters between Moses and the two Pharaohs are proposed as parallel to the encounters between Jeroboam and these two Judaean kings. To determine which narrative is dependent upon the other,

Michael D. Oblath

2000-01-01

252

King Crater Impact Melt Compositions: Possible Impactor Contamination  

Microsoft Academic Search

The distribution and composition of highland and impact melt units at King Crater suggest that parts of an iron-rich impactor (e.g., OC, iron) survived the impact and contributed to the distinctive downrange melts. Frictional melting and drag during impact enhances such contamination.

C. H. van der Bogert; P. H. Schultz

2002-01-01

253

Unilateral congenital elbow luxation in a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel.  

PubMed

A 7-week-old, intact female, Cavalier King Charles Spaniel was evaluated for nonweight bearing lameness of the right forelimb. Type III unilateral congenital elbow luxation was diagnosed radiographically. After surgical reduction, temporary placement of a transarticular pin, and external splinting of the joint, full weight bearing was achieved. Radial head subluxation persisted. PMID:15600161

McDonell, Heather L

2004-11-01

254

Evolution of king crabs from hermit crab ancestors.  

PubMed

King crabs (Family Lithodidae) are among the world's largest arthropods, having a crab-like morphology and a strongly calcified exoskeleton. The hermit crabs, by contrast, have depended on gastropod shells for protection for over 150 million years. Shell-living has constrained the morphological evolution of hermit crabs by requiring a decalcified asymmetrical abdomen capable of coiling into gastropod shells and by preventing crabs from growing past the size of the largest available shells. Whereas reduction in shell-living and acquisition of a crab-like morphology (carcinization) has taken place independently in several hermit crab lineages, and most dramatically in king crabs, the rate at which this process has occurred was entirely unknown. We present molecular evidence that king crabs are not only descended from hermit crabs, but are nested within the hermit crab genus Pagurus. We estimate that loss of the shell-living habit and the complete carcinization of king crabs has taken between 13 and 25 million years. PMID:1741031

Cunningham, C W; Blackstone, N W; Buss, L W

1992-02-01

255

Dancing King of Queens: Sitcom, Geschlecht und Betrachter  

Microsoft Academic Search

In einer Folge der amerikanischen Sitcom King of Queens wird die männliche Hauptfigur Doug in einen ‚weiblichen' Betrachter verwandelt. (Abb.1) Es ist eine von drei Folgen, die den Streik bei dem fiktiven Paketzustelldienst IPS thematisiert. Doug bleibt zuhause, fühlt sich zunehmend machtlos, wird depressiv und offensichtlich auch impotent, so dass sich seine Frau Carrie Sorgen macht und ihn sogar darauf

Herbert Schwaab

2009-01-01

256

Population dynamics of king eiders breeding in northern Alaska  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The North American population of king eiders (Somateria spectabilis) has declined by more than 50% since the late 1970s for unknown reasons. King eiders spend most of their lives in remote areas, forcing managers to make regulatory and conservation decisions based on very little information. We incorporated available published estimates of vital rates with new estimates to build a female, stage-based matrix population model for king eiders and examine the processes underlying population dynamics of king eiders breeding at 2 sites, Teshekpuk and Kuparuk, on the coastal plain of northern Alaska and wintering around the Bering Sea (2001–2010). We predicted a decreasing population (? = 0.981, 95% CI: 0.978–0.985), and that population growth was most sensitive to changes in adult female survival (sensitivity = 0.92). Low duckling survival may be a bottleneck to productivity (variation in ducking survival accounted for 66% of retrospective variation in ?). Adult survival was high (0.94) and invariant (? = 0.0002, 95% CI: 0.0000–0.0007); however, catastrophic events could have a major impact and we need to consider how to mitigate and manage threats to adult survival. A hypothetical oil spill affecting breeding females in a primary spring staging area resulted in a severe population decline; although, transient population dynamics were relatively stable. However, if no catastrophic events occur, the more variable reproductive parameters (duckling and nest survival) may be more responsive to management actions.

Bentzen, Rebecca L.; Powell, Abby N.

2012-01-01

257

The seasonal cycle of phytoplankton, macronutrients, and the microbial community in a nearshore Antarctic marine ecosystem  

Microsoft Academic Search

Seawater chlorophyll a concentration (size-fractionated at 20, 2, and 0.2 pm) and temperature have been measured weekly from December 1988 to August 1994 at a nearshore shallow-water station at Signy Island in the maritime Antarctic. Macronutrients (N, P, Si) were measured monthly, and the microbial community enumerated during a 15-month period. The duration of winter sea-ice, summer seawater temperature, and

Andrew Clarke; Raymond J. G. Leakey

258

Nearshore Fish Distributions in an Alaskan Estuary in Relation to Stratification, Temperature and Salinity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fish were sampled with beach seines and small-meshed beam trawls in nearshore (<1km) and shallow (<25m) habitats on the southern coast of Kachemak Bay, Cook Inlet, Alaska, from June to August, 1996–1998. Fish distributions among habitats were analysed for species composition, catch-per-unit-effort (CPUE) and frequency of occurrence. Two oceanographically distinct areas of Kachemak Bay were sampled and compared: the Outer

A. A. Abookire; J. F. Piatt; M. D. Robards

2000-01-01

259

Effect of hydrodynamics and bathymetry on video estimates of nearshore sandbar position  

Microsoft Academic Search

Remote sensing of wave breaker patterns, clearly visible as high-intensity bands in time exposure video images, has become a powerful tool to obtain large-scale (kilometers) and long-term (years) time series of nearshore sandbar position. However, intensity-based bar crest positions xi differ from directly measured positions xb by a time-varying distance Deltax, which is of O(10m) and depends on the offshore

I. M. J. van Enckevort; B. G. Ruessink

2001-01-01

260

Relationships among fishes and their prey in a nearshore sand community off southern California  

Microsoft Academic Search

Trophic relationships among marine fishes in a nearshore sand environment off southern California showed that the species were distinguished by specific morphological and behavioral features adapted to capture the prey, and evade the predators, that were characteristic of that habitat. Species that foraged primarily by day included the serranidParalabrax clathratus, the embiotocidEmbiotoca jacksoni, and the labridsHalichoeres semicinctus andSemicossyphus pulcher. Primarily

Edmund S. Hobson; James R. Chess

1986-01-01

261

Tectonic controls on nearshore sediment accumulation and submarine canyon morphology offshore La Jolla, Southern California  

Microsoft Academic Search

CHIRP seismic and swath bathymetry data acquired offshore La Jolla, California provide an unprecedented three-dimensional view of the La Jolla and Scripps submarine canyons. Shore-parallel patterns of tectonic deformation appear to control nearshore sediment thickness and distribution around the canyons. These shore-parallel patterns allow the impact of local tectonic deformation to be separated from the influence of eustatic sea-level fluctuations.

Nicolas Le Dantec; Leah J. Hogarth; Neal W. Driscoll; Jeffrey M. Babcock; Walter A. Barnhardt; William C. Schwab

2010-01-01

262

An unsteady wave driver for narrowbanded waves: modeling nearshore circulation driven by wave groups  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we derive an unsteady refraction-diffraction model for narrowbanded water waves for use in computing coupled wave-current motion in the nearshore. The end result is a variable coefficient, nonlinear Schrodinger-type wave driver (describing the envelope of narrow-banded incident waves) coupled to forced nonlinear shallow water equations (describing steady or unsteady mean flows driven by the short-wave field). Comparisons

Andrew B. Kennedy; James T. Kirby

263

Rare earth elements in the pore waters of reducing nearshore sediments  

Microsoft Academic Search

The REE are mobile during early diagenesis in reducing nearshore sediments of Buzzards Bay leading to greatly enhanced concentrations in pore waters, e.g. 815 pmol kg-1 Nd and 1910 pmol kg-1 Ce within 30 cm of the sediment-seawater interface, about 10-50 times local seawater values. Two principal diagenetic reactions have been identified. Preferential Ce enrichment (positive Ce anomalies) and preferential

H. Elderfield; E. R. Sholkovitz

1987-01-01

264

Porewater acid\\/base chemistry in near-shore regions of an acidic lake  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sediment porewaters in the near-shore region (within 1 m of the shoreline) of an acidic lake (Dart's Lake) were monitored during the summer of 1983 to investigate whether spatial variations in porewater acid\\/base chemistry were significant in this region of the lake. Previous investigations of Dart's Lake porewaters have indicated that within deeper waters (>2m depth), sediment porewaters are elevated

Garry C. Schafran; Charles T. Driscoll

1990-01-01

265

Discrete particle model for sheet flow sediment transport in the nearshore  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fully three-dimensional discrete particle computer simulations of high-concentration sheet flow transport in oscillatory flows quantify the effect of fluid acceleration on bed load transport in highly unsteady flows typical of nearshore marine environments. A simple impulse-momentum approach explains simulation results and forms the basis for adding an acceleration-related term to widely used energetics sediment transport formulas. Transport predicted by the

Thomas G. Drake; Joseph Calantoni

2001-01-01

266

Dynamics of turbid buoyant plumes and the feedbacks on near-shore biogeochemistry and physics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The near-shore waters of the New York\\/New Jersey Bight in April 2005 exhibited distinct regions of turbid water with clearly differing optical properties associated with the Hudson River plume. We examined the effect of variable light attenuation on the hydrodynamics and ecological response of the Hudson River plume and its environs using field observations and a 3-dimensional bio-physical model. Important

Bronwyn Cahill; Oscar Schofield; Robert Chant; John Wilkin; Eli Hunter; Scott Glenn; Paul Bissett

2008-01-01

267

Evaluation of the physical process controlling beach changes adjacent to nearshore dredge pits  

Microsoft Academic Search

Numerical modeling of a beach nourishment project is conducted to enable a detailed evaluation of the processes associated with the effects of nearshore dredge pits on nourishment evolution and formation of erosion hot spots. A process-based numerical model, Delft3D, is used for this purpose. The analysis is based on the modification of existing bathymetry to simulate “what if” scenarios with\\/without

L. Benedet; J. H. List

2008-01-01

268

Establishment of two invasive crustaceans (Copepoda: Harpacticoida) in the nearshore sands of Lake Michigan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract: Benthic copepods,(Copepoda: Harpacticoida) in the nearshore sediments,of southern Lake Michigan appear to be dominated,by two new,invasive species. We report the first occurrence in North America of Schizopera borutzkyi Montschenko, a native to the Danube River delta, and Heteropsyllus nr. nunni, likely a new species that is morphologi- cally similar to the marine species Heteropsyllus nunni and represents the first

Thomas G. Horvath; Richard L. Whitman; Laurel L. Last

269

Comparison of a Quasi-Three Dimensional and a Fully Three Dimensional Nearshore Circulation Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Early numerical models simulating nearshore circulation generally were wave-averaged and depth integrated and therefore solved in the two-dimensional horizontal plane (2DH). However, it has been shown that the depth variation of currents can lead to a momentum mixing mechanism which is an order of magnitude larger than the mixing induced by turbulence. To simulate this effect from the depth varying

K. A. Haas; J. C. Warner

2006-01-01

270

Analytical evolution of tsunamis induced by near-shore earthquakes on a constant-slope ocean  

Microsoft Academic Search

Strong near-shore earthquakes are the most frequent sources of tsunamis in many oceans of the world. In the framework of the nonlinear shallow-water theory, the initial sea-surface tsunami elevation is assumed to equal the sea-floor co-seismic displacement produced by the seismic event. This is quantified by means of the analytical formulas due to Okada (1985, 1992), dealing with seismic faults

Stefano Tinti; Roberto Tonini

2005-01-01

271

Effect of surficial disturbance on exchange between groundwater and surface water in nearshore margins  

Microsoft Academic Search

Low-permeability sediments situated at or near the sediment-water interface can influence seepage in nearshore margins, particularly where wave energy or currents are minimal. Seepage meters were used to quantify flow across the sediment-water interface at two lakes where flow was from surface water to groundwater. Disturbance of the sediment bed substantially increased seepage through the sandy sediments of both lakes.

Donald O. Rosenberry; Laura Toran; Jonathan E. Nyquist

2010-01-01

272

Detailed Morphology and Sediment Transport Processes in the Nearshore of the Fraser River Delta, British Columbia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Permanent river training structures have stabilized the mouth of the Fraser River and largely isolated the Roberts Bank sector of the Fraser River delta from sandy sediment supply. In a study to determine the susceptibility to erosion of the delta nearshore and associated infrastucture, the entire delta front has been mapped using multibeam sonar. High-resolution morphological maps of the nearshore reveal a range of bedforms, dominated by the strong tidal currents that sweep the delta front. Certain sectors of the nearshore are, however, dominated by erosional features including outcropping beds. Numerical modeling, using the SEDTRANS96 program, indicates that wave motions influence sediment transport in water depths less than 15 m during the moderate fetch-limited winter storms typical of the region. Wave, current profile, suspended sediment and seabed imagery data were collected at a site in 10 m water depth as a calibration for further sediment transport modeling. Preliminary results indicate bedload and suspended sediment transport occurred in response to both tidal currents and combined wave- and current conditions.

Hill, P. R.; Meule, S.; Carle, L.; Davidson, S. H.; Barrie, J. V.

2002-12-01

273

A nearshore observatory for Antarctic krill: Analysis of the spatial variability in their distribution and abundance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Annual surveys of the distribution and abundance of Antarctic krill are conducted by the United States Antarctic Marine Living Resources Program in order to assist fishery managers in conserving this economic and ecologic resource. These surveys utilize a large vessel which does not sample close (within 10 km) to the South Shetland Islands. These islands are home to many krill predators (fur seals and penguins) who often forage in these nearshore waters. In order to better understand the abundance and distribution of the krill in these waters and to determine the physical and biological factors affecting the krill, a nearshore observatory has been created that combines multiple sensors and platforms to provide improved spatial and temporal coverage of the nearshore region of Livingston Island. This study utilizes a large research vessel, a small inflatable vessel, an array of instrumented buoys, and a pilot project involving an Autonomous Underwater Vehicle. This presentation will discuss acoustic backscatter measurements made from both large and small vessels. Results from the most recent field season (Jan-Feb 2005) will be presented as well as data from previous years (2002, 2004). [Work supported by the NSF Office of Polar Programs and NOAA.

Warren, Joseph D.; Demer, David A.

2005-04-01

274

Terrestrial and marine trophic pathways support young-of-year growth in a nearshore Arctic fish  

USGS Publications Warehouse

River discharge supplies nearshore communities with a terrestrial carbon source that is often reflected in invertebrate and fish consumers. Recent studies in the Beaufort Sea have documented widespread terrestrial carbon use among invertebrates, but only limited use among nearshore fish consumers. Here, we examine the carbon source and diet of rapidly growing young-of-year Arctic cisco (Coregonus autumnalis) using stable isotope values (?13C and ?15N) from muscle and diet analysis (stomach contents) during a critical and previously unsampled life stage. Stable isotope values (?15N and ?13C) may differentiate between terrestrial and marine sources and integrate over longer time frames (weeks). Diet analysis provides species-specific information, but only from recent foraging (days). Average ?13C for all individuals was ?25.7 ‰, with the smallest individuals possessing significantly depleted ?13C values indicative of a stronger reliance of terrestrial carbon sources as compared to larger individuals. Average ?15N for all individuals was 10.4 ‰, with little variation among individuals. As fish length increased, the proportion of offshore Calanus prey and neritic Mysis prey increased. Rapid young-of-year growth in Arctic cisco appears to use terrestrial carbon sources obtained by consuming a mixture of neritic and offshore zooplankton. Shifts in the magnitude or phenology of river discharge and the delivery of terrestrial carbon may alter the ecology of nearshore fish consumers.

von Biela, Vanessa R.; Zimmerman, Christian E.; Cohn, Brian R.; Welker, Jeffrey M.

2013-01-01

275

Health Consultation. Federal Way and Des Moines Beach Sediment Evaluation Pierce and King Counties, Washington.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Washington State Department of Health (DOH) conducted this health consultation to evaluate whether contaminants found at Federal Way and Des Moines beach sediment sites pose a health hazard to people who use the beach for wading, swimming, picnicking,...

E. Diaz

2009-01-01

276

Physical, chemical, and biological aspects of the Duwamish River Estuary, King County, Washington, 1963-67  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This report describes the significant results to 1967 of a comprehensive study that began in 1963 to evaluate what changes take place in an estuary as the loads .of raw and partially treated industrial and municipal wastes are replaced by effluent from a secondary treatment plant. The study area is the Duwamish River estuary, about 18.3 river kilometers long. At mean sea level the estuary has a water-surface area of about 1 square mile and a mean width of 440 feet. At the lowest and highest recorded tides, the volume of the estuary is about 205 and 592 million cubic feet, respectively. The estuary is well stratified (salt-wedge type) at fresh-water inflows greater than 1,000 cfs (cubic feet per second), but when inflow rates are less than 1,000 cfs the lower 5.6 kilometers of the estuary grades into the partly mixed type. The crosschannel salinity distribution is uniform for a given location and depth. Salinity migration is controlled by tides and fresh-water inflow. At fresh-water inflow rates greater than 1,000 cfs, water in the upper 8.4 kilometers of the estuary is always fresh regardless of tide. At inflow rates less than 600 cfs and tide heights greater than 10 feet; some salinity has been detected 16.1 kilometers above the mouth of the estuary. Studies using a fluorescent dye show that virtually no downward mixing into the salt wedge occurs; soluble pollutants introduced at the upper end of the estuary stay in the surface layer (5-15 ft thick). On the basis of dye studies when fresh-water inflow is less than 400 cfs, it is estimated that less than 10 percent of a pollutant will remain in the estuary a minimum of 7 days. Longitudinal dispersion coefficients for the surface layer have been determined to be on the order of 100-400 square feet per second. Four water-quality stations automatically monitor DO (dissolved oxygen), water temperature, pH, and specific conductance; at one station solar radiation also is measured. DO concentration in the surface layer decreases almost linearly in a downstream direction. Minimum DO concentration in the surface layer is usually greater than 4 rag/1 (milligrams per liter). The smallest DO values are consistently recorded in the bottom layer at the station 7.7 kilometers above the mouth; monthly means of less than 3 mg/1 of DO have occurred at this point. Manual sampling shows that the DO sag in the bottom layer oscillates between 7.7 and 10.4 kilometers above the mouth of the estuary. Multiple-regression analysis shows that the surface DO content can be estimated from the fresh-water inflow and water temperature. Tidal exchange and fresh-water inflow indirectly control the bottom DO content. Information available from previous studies failed to indicate a progressive decrease in DO content during the period 1949-56, but data from the present study suggest a slight general decrease in the annual minimum DO concentrations in both the upper and lower layers. Average nitrate concentration in fresh water at station 16.2 has increased progressively since 1964, by amounts greater than those which can be attributed to the Renton Treatment Plant, 4.3 kilometers upstream from station 16.2. The BOD (biochemical oxygen demand) in both surface and bottom layers is generally less than 4 rag/1 of oxygen, but values greater than 6 rag/1 have been measured during a period of phytoplankton bloom. Phytoplankton blooms can occur during periods of minimum tidal exchange and fresh-water inflows of less than 300 cfs if solar radiation and water temperature are optimum. Nutrients (nitrogen and phosphorus compounds) do not control the occurrence of a bloom, because sufficient quantities of these nutrients are always present. Nutrients in the treated effluent may increase the biomass of the bloom. Trace-element studies have not defined any role that these elements may play in algal growth. The inflowing fresh water contains principally calcium and bicarbonate and has a dissolved-solids content ra

Santos, John F.; Stoner, J. D.

1972-01-01

277

Determination of mass balance and entrainment in the stratified Duwamish River Estuary, King County, Washington  

USGS Publications Warehouse

During a study of the effects of waste-water input on the stratified Duwamish River estuary, intensive water-velocity and salinity measurements were made in both the lower salt wedge and the upper fresher water layer for tidal-cycle periods. The net movement of water and salt mass past a cross section during a tidal cycle was determined from integration of the measured rates of movement of water and salt past the section. The net volume of water that moved downstream past the section during the cycle agreed with the volume of fresh-water inflow at the head of the estuary within (1) 3.8 and 7.2 percent, respectively, for two studies made during periods of maximum and minimum tidal-prism thickness and identical inflow rates .of 312 cfs (cubic feet per second), and (2) 15 percent for one study made during a period of average tidal-prism thickness and an inflow rate of 1,280 cfs. For the three studies, the difference between salt mass transported upstream and downstream during the cycles ranged from 0.8 to 19 percent of the respective mean salt-mass transport. Water was entrained from the .salt-water wedge into the overlying layer of mixed fresh and salt water at tidal-cycle-average rates of 30 and 69 cfs per million square feet of interface for the inflow rates of 312 cfs, and 99 cfs per million square feet of interface for an inflow rate of 1,280 cfs. At a constant inflow rate, the rate of entrainment of salt-wedge water in the Duwamish River estuary more than doubled for a doubling of tidal-prism thickness. It also doubled for a quadrupling of inflow rate at about constant tidal-prism thickness.

Stoner, J. D.

1972-01-01

278

King County Metro Transit: Allison Hybrid Electric Transit Bus Laboratory Testing  

SciTech Connect

Paper summarizes chassis dynamometer testing of two 60-foot articulated transit buses, one conventional and one hybrid, at NREL's ReFUEL Laboratory. It includes experimental setup, test procedures, and results from vehicle testing performed at the NREL ReFUEL laboratory.

Hayes, R. R.; Williams, A.; Ireland, J.; Walkowicz, K.

2006-09-01

279

Modeling Tidal and Wind-Induced Alongshore Currents in the Nearshore  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Under storm conditions, obliquely incident breaking waves drive strong (1--2~m/s) alongshore currents in the nearshore. When wave breaking is either absent or confined to a very narrow region at the beachface, nearshore alongshore currents may still be significant (up to ? 1~m/s), driven largely by tidally induced alongshore surface slopes, wind, or buoyancy effects. There are, however, few detailed observational and modeling studies of alongshore nearshore currents in the absence of breaking waves. Here, predictions of a single-point model in the vertical driven by tidally induced 10--100 km scale alongshore surface slopes, wind stress, and Earth's rotation [Houwman, 2000] are compared to alongshore currents measured under nonbreaking conditions at two heights (0.3 and 1.2~m above the bed) at four positions (water depths 3--10~m) in the nearshore of Terschelling, Netherlands. The observations span several thousands of hours and include maximum near-bed alongshore currents of 0.8~m/s. All calculations are performed using a time-dependent eddy viscosity derived from a two-equation k-? model and a quadratic partial slip bottom boundary condition. Because the overall performance of the model is satisfactory (e.g., skill r2 exceeds 0.9 at all positions and heights), the model output for a single tide-wind situation is examined in more detail. In the selected situation, a shore-parallel wind (wind stress up to 0.5 N/m2) in the direction of the (positive) flood current is predicted to yield positive near-bed currents even during the ebbing phase of the tide in water depths less than 6~m, whereas modeled alongshore currents in deeper water do change sign, in good quantitative agreement with the observations. Also, model simulations suggest that the wind strongly alters the vertical velocity profile of the alongshore current during a tidal cycle, related to a marked change in the temporal evolution of the eddy viscosity compared to a tide-only situation. Houwman, K.T., 2000. Tide, wind- and wave-driven flow processes in the nearshore zone. Ph.D. thesis, Utrecht University, 235 pp.

Ruessink, B.

2004-12-01

280

Disulfide Isomers of ?-Neurotoxins from King Cobra ( Ophiophagus hannah) Venom  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two novel ?-neurotoxins, Oh-6A and Oh-6B, isolated from the king cobra (Ophiophagus hannah) venom, consist of 70 amino acid residues with 10 cysteine residues and share the same amino acid sequences as determined by Edman degradation on the peptide fragments generated from the proteolytic hydrolysates. Their sequences share 46–53% homology with Oh-4, Oh-5, Toxin a, and Toxin b from the

Shinne-Ren Lin; Long-Sen Chang; Chun-Chang Chang

1999-01-01

281

Structure–function relationship of king cobra cathelicidin  

Microsoft Academic Search

King cobra cathelicidin (OH-CATH) is composed of 34 amino acid residues having strong antibacterial and very weak hemolytic activities as reported by us recently. OH-CATH can be served as a valuable template to develop novel therapeutic drugs. In this study, OH-CATH and six of its analogs were synthesized to explore their structure–function relationships based on their bactericidal and hemolytic activities.

Yong Zhang; Hui Zhao; Guo-Yu Yu; Xiao-Dong Liu; Ji-Hong Shen; Wen-Hui Lee; Yun Zhang

2010-01-01

282

The Context and Tradition of King David's Lamentations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The texts of King David’s lamentations for his friend Jonathan (2 Samuel 1:17-27) and his son Absalom (2 Samuel 18:33 and 2 Samuel 19:4) are derived from the Biblical accounts. The first musical settings of David’s lamentations (i.e., Montes Gelboe nec ros, Saul et Jonathas amabiles, Doleo super te, and Rex autem David) originate from medieval antiphonals and their function

John Dominic Spilker

2006-01-01

283

“Anticipating” Gibson’s The Passion of the Christ : The controversy over Cecil B. De Mille’s The King of Kings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cecil. B. De. Mille’s epic production The King of Kings (1927), though not the first to recreate a Passion Play, raised first a quiet and then a more public Jewish outcry, which lead to rancor and, eventually, changes, if minor, in the film. The Anti-Defamation League also reached an agreement with the Motion Picture Producers Association allowing it to preview

Yael Ohad-Karny

2005-01-01

284

Ultraviolet reflecting photonic microstructures in the King Penguin beak  

PubMed Central

King and emperor penguins (Aptenodytes patagonicus and Aptenodytes forsteri) are the only species of marine birds so far known to reflect ultraviolet (UV) light from their beaks. Unlike humans, most birds perceive UV light and several species communicate using the near UV spectrum. Indeed, UV reflectance in addition to the colour of songbird feathers has been recognized as an important signal when choosing a mate. The king penguin is endowed with several highly coloured ornaments, notably its beak horn and breast and auricular plumage, but only its beak reflects UV, a property considered to influence its sexual attraction. Because no avian UV-reflecting pigments have yet been identified, the origin of such reflections is probably structural. In an attempt to identify the structures that give rise to UV reflectance, we combined reflectance spectrophotometry and morphological analysis by both light and electron microscopy, after experimental removal of surface layers of the beak horn. Here, we characterize for the first time a multilayer reflector photonic microstructure that produces the UV reflections in the king penguin beak.

Dresp, Birgitta; Jouventin, Pierre; Langley, Keith

2005-01-01

285

Evaluation of the Origin and Fate of Nitrate in the Aquifer System of Southern Baldwin County, Alabama Using Multi-isotopic Data  

Microsoft Academic Search

Continued and extensive residential and agricultural development of near-shore areas in southern Baldwin County, Alabama has led to increased inputs of nitrogen (N) to groundwater and to the Gulf of Mexico. Nitrate (NO3-) concentrations in several groundwater wells exceeded the regulatory drinking water standards (10 mg\\/L nitrate-N). Groundwater and surface water samples were analyzed for nitrate, phosphate, salinity, chloride, and

D. Murgulet; G. R. Tick

2008-01-01

286

A Tale of Two Kings: The Use of King David in the Chronicle of Pere III of Catalonia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pere III of Catalonia (1319-1387) began his reign in 1336. As count-king, he reigned over Aragon, Catalonia, and Valencia. The Chronicle of Pere III of Catalonia covers the years 1319-1369, fifty years of a nearly seventy year life. Pere wrote this chronicle in collaboration with his chancery office. Bernat Descoll was the main\\u000acontributor from the chancery, and he consulted

Marrissa Lynne Cook

2011-01-01

287

Effect of surficial disturbance on exchange between groundwater and surface water in nearshore margins  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Low-permeability sediments situated at or near the sediment-water interface can influence seepage in nearshore margins, particularly where wave energy or currents are minimal. Seepage meters were used to quantify flow across the sediment-water interface at two lakes where flow was from surface water to groundwater. Disturbance of the sediment bed substantially increased seepage through the sandy sediments of both lakes. Seepage increased by factors of 2.6 to 7.7 following bed disturbance at seven of eight measurement locations at Mirror Lake, New Hampshire, where the sediment representing the greatest restriction to flow was situated at the sediment-water interface. Although the veneer of low-permeability sediment was very thin and easily disturbed, accumulation on the bed surface was aided by a physical setting that minimized wind-generated waves and current. At Lake Belle Taine, Minnesota, where pre-disturbance downward seepage was smaller than at Mirror Lake, but hydraulic gradients were very large, disturbance of a 20 to 30 cm thick medium sand layer resulted in increases in seepage of 2 to 3 orders of magnitude. Exceptionally large seepage rates, some exceeding 25,000 cm/d, were recorded following bed disturbance. Since it is common practice to walk on the bed while installing or making seepage measurements, disruption of natural seepage rates may be a common occurrence in nearshore seepage studies. Disturbance of the bed should be avoided or minimized when utilizing seepage meters in shallow, nearshore settings, particularly where waves or currents are infrequent or minimal.

Rosenberry, Donald O.; Toran, Laura; Nyquist, Jonathan E.

2010-06-01

288

Large-scale spatial distribution patterns of echinoderms in nearshore rocky habitats.  

PubMed

This study examined echinoderm assemblages from nearshore rocky habitats for large-scale distribution patterns with specific emphasis on identifying latitudinal trends and large regional hotspots. Echinoderms were sampled from 76 globally-distributed sites within 12 ecoregions, following the standardized sampling protocol of the Census of Marine Life NaGISA project (www.nagisa.coml.org). Sample-based species richness was overall low (<1-5 species per site), with a total of 32 asteroid, 18 echinoid, 21 ophiuroid, and 15 holothuroid species. Abundance and species richness in intertidal assemblages sampled with visual methods (organisms >2 cm in 1 m(2) quadrats) was highest in the Caribbean ecoregions and echinoids dominated these assemblages with an average of 5 ind m(-2). In contrast, intertidal echinoderm assemblages collected from clearings of 0.0625 m(2) quadrats had the highest abundance and richness in the Northeast Pacific ecoregions where asteroids and holothurians dominated with an average of 14 ind 0.0625 m(-2). Distinct latitudinal trends existed for abundance and richness in intertidal assemblages with declines from peaks at high northern latitudes. No latitudinal trends were found for subtidal echinoderm assemblages with either sampling technique. Latitudinal gradients appear to be superseded by regional diversity hotspots. In these hotspots echinoderm assemblages may be driven by local and regional processes, such as overall productivity and evolutionary history. We also tested a set of 14 environmental variables (six natural and eight anthropogenic) as potential drivers of echinoderm assemblages by ecoregions. The natural variables of salinity, sea-surface temperature, chlorophyll a, and primary productivity were strongly correlated with echinoderm assemblages; the anthropogenic variables of inorganic pollution and nutrient contamination also contributed to correlations. Our results indicate that nearshore echinoderm assemblages appear to be shaped by a network of environmental and ecological processes, and by the differing responses of various echinoderm taxa, making generalizations about the patterns of nearshore rocky habitat echinoderm assemblages difficult. PMID:21079760

Iken, Katrin; Konar, Brenda; Benedetti-Cecchi, Lisandro; Cruz-Motta, Juan José; Knowlton, Ann; Pohle, Gerhard; Mead, Angela; Miloslavich, Patricia; Wong, Melisa; Trott, Thomas; Mieszkowska, Nova; Riosmena-Rodriguez, Rafael; Airoldi, Laura; Kimani, Edward; Shirayama, Yoshihisa; Fraschetti, Simonetta; Ortiz-Touzet, Manuel; Silva, Angelica

2010-11-05

289

Large-Scale Spatial Distribution Patterns of Echinoderms in Nearshore Rocky Habitats  

PubMed Central

This study examined echinoderm assemblages from nearshore rocky habitats for large-scale distribution patterns with specific emphasis on identifying latitudinal trends and large regional hotspots. Echinoderms were sampled from 76 globally-distributed sites within 12 ecoregions, following the standardized sampling protocol of the Census of Marine Life NaGISA project (www.nagisa.coml.org). Sample-based species richness was overall low (<1–5 species per site), with a total of 32 asteroid, 18 echinoid, 21 ophiuroid, and 15 holothuroid species. Abundance and species richness in intertidal assemblages sampled with visual methods (organisms >2 cm in 1 m2 quadrats) was highest in the Caribbean ecoregions and echinoids dominated these assemblages with an average of 5 ind m?2. In contrast, intertidal echinoderm assemblages collected from clearings of 0.0625 m2 quadrats had the highest abundance and richness in the Northeast Pacific ecoregions where asteroids and holothurians dominated with an average of 14 ind 0.0625 m?2. Distinct latitudinal trends existed for abundance and richness in intertidal assemblages with declines from peaks at high northern latitudes. No latitudinal trends were found for subtidal echinoderm assemblages with either sampling technique. Latitudinal gradients appear to be superseded by regional diversity hotspots. In these hotspots echinoderm assemblages may be driven by local and regional processes, such as overall productivity and evolutionary history. We also tested a set of 14 environmental variables (six natural and eight anthropogenic) as potential drivers of echinoderm assemblages by ecoregions. The natural variables of salinity, sea-surface temperature, chlorophyll a, and primary productivity were strongly correlated with echinoderm assemblages; the anthropogenic variables of inorganic pollution and nutrient contamination also contributed to correlations. Our results indicate that nearshore echinoderm assemblages appear to be shaped by a network of environmental and ecological processes, and by the differing responses of various echinoderm taxa, making generalizations about the patterns of nearshore rocky habitat echinoderm assemblages difficult.

Iken, Katrin; Konar, Brenda; Benedetti-Cecchi, Lisandro; Cruz-Motta, Juan Jose; Knowlton, Ann; Pohle, Gerhard; Mead, Angela; Miloslavich, Patricia; Wong, Melisa; Trott, Thomas; Mieszkowska, Nova; Riosmena-Rodriguez, Rafael; Airoldi, Laura; Kimani, Edward; Shirayama, Yoshihisa; Fraschetti, Simonetta; Ortiz-Touzet, Manuel; Silva, Angelica

2010-01-01

290

Effects of nutrient subsidies from groundwater to nearshore marine ecosystems off the island of Hawaii  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nonconservative fluxes of dissolved nutrients (Si, N and P) in groundwater and nearshore ocean water off two golf courses (Keauhou and Waikoloa) on the west coast of Hawaii were estimated using a one-dimensional mixing model. Groundwater flowing under the Keauhou course discharges into a semi-enclosed embayment with restricted circulation. Leaching of 10% of the N from golf course fertilizer accounted for an increase in groundwater N flux to the bay of 116%; leaching of 1% of the P from fertilizer accounted for an increase in groundwater P flux of 22%. Uptake of Si, N and P was not measurable within the bay; a buoyant surface layer (1 m thick) did not come into contact with benthic communities, and nutrient uptake by plankton was limited to no greater than 2% of the N and P delivered by groundwater flux. At Waikoloa, leaching of N and P from golf course fertilizers accounted for an increase in groundwater nutrient flux to brackish ponds near the coastline of 229% and 400%, respectively. Waikoloa is located on an exposed coastline with substantial turbulent mixing throughout the water column. Nutrient subsidies from golf course fertilizers were not distinguishable from natural groundwater input, and uptake of N in the nearshore zone equaled 80% of the groundwater flux at the shoreline. On a mass delivery basis, natural and anthropogenic nutrient fluxes to the nearshore ocean appear sufficient to cause alteration to community function and structure. Such effects, however, are not solely responses to nutrient loading. Consideration of physical processes, along with use of conservative tracers can provide a practical method for quantifying these effects of man's activities on the ocean.

Dollar, S. J.; Atkinson, M. J.

1992-10-01

291

From the Nearshore and Back Again: Biological Implications of Coastal Mixing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We describe results from numerical experiments exploring the mechanisms governing offshore to onshore transport and concentration of larvae and plankton originating along a model coastline. The model is an idealized California Current with a periodic straight coastline and realistic wind forcing. Offshore transport and concentration occurs primarily in filaments that are correlated with attracting Lagrangian coherent structures (LCS). These filaments are also coincident with fronts and ageostrophic frontal circulations. Transport back to the nearshore is moderated by poleward propagating meanders in an equatorward alongshore jet and related to upwelling relaxation events.

Harrison, C. S.; Glatzmaier, G. A.; Siegel, D. A.; Mitarai, S.

2010-12-01

292

Ecological monitoring for assessing the state of the nearshore and open waters of the Great Lakes.  

PubMed

The Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement stipulates that the Governments of Canada and the United States are responsible for restoring and maintaining the chemical, physical and biological integrity of the waters of the Great Lakes Basin Ecosystem. Due to varying mandates and areas of expertise, monitoring to assess progress towards this objective is conducted by a multitude of Canadian and U.S. federal and provincial/state agencies, in cooperation with academia and regional authorities. This paper highlights selected long-term monitoring programs and discusses a number of documented ecological changes that indicate the present state of the open and nearshore waters of the Great Lakes. PMID:14570412

Neilson, Melanie A; Painter, D Scott; Warren, Glenn; Hites, Ronald A; Basu, Ilora; Weseloh, D V Chip; Whittle, D Michael; Christie, Gavin; Barbiero, Richard; Tuchman, Marc; Johannsson, Ora E; Nalepa, Thomas F; Edsall, Thomas A; Fleischer, Guy; Bronte, Charles; Smith, Stephen B; Baumann, Paul C

293

Commencement bay nearshore/tideflats feasibility study. Volume 1. Draft report  

SciTech Connect

The report documents the feasibility study prepared for the waterways/shoreline portion of the Commencement Bay Nearshore/Tideflats Superfund site in Tacoma, Washington. The purpose of the feasibility study was to develop and evaluate the most appropriate remedial strategies for correcting the documented biological, human health and environmental impacts associated with contaminated sediments in the site. Given the large study area, the multiplicity of contaminant sources, and the diversity of ongoing activities within the site, the development of the recommended remedial strategies differ in many respects from the reports and implementation strategies at more traditional Superfund sites.

Not Available

1988-12-01

294

Patterns and processes of population change in selected nearshore vertebrate predators  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Sea otters and harlequin ducks have not fully recovered from the oil spill. This project will explore links between oil exposure and the lack of population recovery, with the intent of understanding constraints to recovery of these species and the nearshore environment. In FY 02, sea otter work will include aerial surveys of distribution and abundance and estimates of age-specific survival rates. Harlequin duck field studies will examine the relationship between survival and CYP1A. Captive experiments on harlequin ducks will examine the relationships between oil exposure and CYP1A induction, and metabolic and behavioral consequences of exposure.

Bodkin, J. L.; Ballachey, B. E.; Dean, T. A.; Esler, D.

2003-01-01

295

NEARSHORE SAND SOURCES FOR AMERICAN SAMOA: AN ALTERNATIVE TO USING BEACH SAND.  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Using a combination of geophysical techniques, in situ observations, and sampling by scuba divers, we investigated along the south shore of Tutuila Island, American Samoa, for nearshore sand deposits. To minimize the impact of future sand dredging on the island's littoral sediments, the search took place in a narrow zone between the outside of the fringing reef and the 30-m bathymetric contour. Because the sand will be used by the Samoans in a variety of ways, an area high in siliciclastic sand - Nua-Se'etaga Bay - and two areas containing only carbonate sand - Faga'itua Bay and Nafanua Bank - were inspected in detail. Results of the exploration program are discussed.

Dingler, John, R.; Reiss, Thomas, E.

1987-01-01

296

Lakeview uranium area, Lake County, Oregon - constraints on genetic modelling from a district-scale perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Extent-of-outcrop geologic mapping (1:12,000) on the Cox Flat 7.5-minute quadrangle establishes the stratigraphy and structure near the White King uranium mine, about 25 km northwest of Lakeview, Lake County, Oregon. Bedrock includes an Oligocene andesitic volcanic\\/sedimentary section, four late Oligocene rhyodacitic ignimbrite sequences, a late Oligocene\\/Miocene tuffaceous section, locally thick early to late Miocene basaltic flows, and an interbedded sequence

Weissenburger

1984-01-01

297

Long-Term Monitoring in the Nearshore Ocean: Designing a Program to Detect Change and Determine Cause. GEM Project 02395. EXXON VALDEZ Oil Spill Gulf Ecosystem Monitoring and Research Project. Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The primary goal of the nearshore monitoring program the Gulf Ecosystem Monitoring Program (GEM) is to understand the interaction of the nearshore oceanographic environment with coastal marine communities over the Gulf of Alaska region. This includes quan...

G. C. Schoch G. C. Eckert T. A. Dean

2002-01-01

298

Survey of radiological contaminants in the near-shore environment at the Hanford Site 100-N Area reactor  

SciTech Connect

Past operations at the Hanford Site 100-N Area reactor resulted in the release of radiological contaminants to the soil column, local groundwater, and ultimately to the near-shore environment of the Columbia River. In September 1997, the Washington State Department of Health (WDOH) and the Hanford Site Surface Environmental Surveillance Project (SESP) initiated a special study of the near-shore vicinity at the Hanford Site`s retired 100-N Area reactor. Environmental samples were collected and analyzed for radiological contaminants ({sup 3}H, {sup 90}Sr, and gamma/ emitters), with both the WDOH and SESP analyzing a portion of the samples. Samples of river water, sediment, riverbank springs, periphyton, milfoil, flying insects, clam shells, and reed canary grass were collected. External exposure rates were also measured for the near-shore environment in the vicinity of the 100-N Area. In addition, samples were collected at background locations above Vernita Bridge.

Van Verst, S.P.; Albin, C.L. [Washington State Dept. of Health, Olympia, WA (United States); Patton, G.W.; Blanton, M.L.; Poston, T.M.; Cooper, A.T.; Antonio, E.J. [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

1998-09-01

299

Data Summary for the Near-Shore Sediment Characterization Task of the Clinch River Environmental Restoration Program  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the Near-Shore Sediment Characterization Task of the Clinch River Environmental Restoration Program (CR-ERP) was to quantify potential human health risks associated with Department of Energy (DOE)-related contamination of surface sediments in Watts Bar Reservoir (WBR). An estimated 700 Ci of {sup 137}Cs and 325 Ci of {sup 60}Co were released from White Oak Lake into the Clinch River between 1949 and 1992 (DOE, 1988). A number of previous studies have documented sediment contamination in the deep-water sediments but no study specifically targeted the near-shore environment, which has the most potential for exposure to humans.

Levine, D.A.

1994-01-01

300

King penguin population threatened by Southern Ocean warming.  

PubMed

Seabirds are sensitive indicators of changes in marine ecosystems and might integrate and/or amplify the effects of climate forcing on lower levels in food chains. Current knowledge on the impact of climate changes on penguins is primarily based on Antarctic birds identified by using flipper bands. Although flipper bands have helped to answer many questions about penguin biology, they were shown in some penguin species to have a detrimental effect. Here, we present for a Subantarctic species, king penguin (Aptenodytes patagonicus), reliable results on the effect of climate on survival and breeding based on unbanded birds but instead marked by subcutaneous electronic tags. We show that warm events negatively affect both breeding success and adult survival of this seabird. However, the observed effect is complex because it affects penguins at several spatio/temporal levels. Breeding reveals an immediate response to forcing during warm phases of El Niño Southern Oscillation affecting food availability close to the colony. Conversely, adult survival decreases with a remote sea-surface temperature forcing (i.e., a 2-year lag warming taking place at the northern boundary of pack ice, their winter foraging place). We suggest that this time lag may be explained by the delay between the recruitment and abundance of their prey, adjusted to the particular 1-year breeding cycle of the king penguin. The derived population dynamic model suggests a 9% decline in adult survival for a 0.26 degrees C warming. Our findings suggest that king penguin populations are at heavy extinction risk under the current global warming predictions. PMID:18268328

Le Bohec, Céline; Durant, Joël M; Gauthier-Clerc, Michel; Stenseth, Nils C; Park, Young-Hyang; Pradel, Roger; Grémillet, David; Gendner, Jean-Paul; Le Maho, Yvon

2008-02-11

301

Determination of dominant nearshore hydrodynamic forcing adjacent to a tidal inlet and submerged artificial reef  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An 18 month field monitoring program was conducted to determine the impact of a submerged narrow crested artificial reef, located seaward of the surf zone and immediately adjacent to a tidal inlet, on nearshore beach profile evolution. Observed structure settlement and scour zones adjacent to the structure are analyzed though the use of wind, wave, current, and tidal measurements obtained over two independent time periods, each of one week duration. Complex interactions of wind, wave, and tidal elevation were found to generate a flood dominated current structure in the vicinity of the reef. Due to the complexity of the forcing mechanisms a qualitative analysis of the impact of the structure on nearshore hydrodynamics was performed. The structure was found to reduce the magnitude of the near bottom cross-shore currents. However, structure-induced vertical currents combined with flood dominant tidal currents provides a mechanism to initiate near-structure scour and settlement. In an effort to quantitatively analyze the fluid-structure interactions, a methodology was developed to determine the relative magnitudes of the measured wind, wave, and tidal forcings. The frequency distribution of energy density in the tidal elevation and current records provides insight into nonlinear interactions present in the data set. Decomposing the record into independent forcing terms allowed the development of an empirical model which indicates that linear and nonlinear interactions between the wave amplitude and water depth were found to dominate the forcing of the observed currents.

Herrington, Thomas Oliver, Jr.

302

Distribution and abundance of larval fish in the nearshore waters of western Lake Huron  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Ichthyoplankton was collected at 17 nearshore (bottom depth greater than or equal to 5 m but less than or equal to 10 m) sites in western Lake Huron during 1973-75 with a 0.5-m net of 351-micron mesh towed at 99 m/min. Larvae of rainbow smelt (Osmerus mordax) dominated late spring and early summer catches and larvae of alewives (Alosa pseudoharengus) the midsummer catches. Larval yellow perch (Perca flavescens) were caught in early summer but were rarely the dominant species. The time of spawning and hatching, and thus occurrence of larvae, differed between areas but was less variable for alewives than for yellow perch. The appearance of larvae in Saginaw Bay was followed successively by their appearance in southern, central, and northern Lake Huron. Rainbow smelt were most abundant in northern Lake Huron and yellow perch and alewives in inner Saginaw Bay. Densities of either rainbow smelt or alewives occasionally exceeded 1/mA?, whereas those of yellow perch never exceeded 0.1/mA?. Abundance of alewives was usually highest 1 to 3 m beneath the surface and that of rainbow smelt 2 to at least 6 m beneath the surface. Important nursery areas of rainbow smelt were in bays and off irregular coastlines and those of yellow perch were in bays. All nearshore waters seemed equally important as nursery areas of alewives.

O'Gorman, Robert

1983-01-01

303

STUDIES ON SOME PHARMACOGNOSTIC PROFILES OF SWIETENIA MACROPHYLLA. King  

PubMed Central

The aerial parts and seeds of Swietenia macrophylla King (Meliaceae) are used in exotic medicine systems. In the present study, a preliminary phytochemical and few pharmacological profiles were under taken. The physical constans, extractive and ash values were examined. The presence of secondary metabolites in the aerial parts and seeds showed that Swietenia macrophylla is a good source of active principles. TLC studies were done by treating dry treating dry powder of Swietenia macrophylla with various acids, iodine and ferric chloride solution and UV and Visible light.

Arumugasamy, K.; Latha, K.V.; kumar, N.H. Sathish

2004-01-01

304

STUDIES ON SOME PHARMACOGNOSTIC PROFILES OF SWIETENIA MACROPHYLLA. King.  

PubMed

The aerial parts and seeds of Swietenia macrophylla King (Meliaceae) are used in exotic medicine systems. In the present study, a preliminary phytochemical and few pharmacological profiles were under taken. The physical constans, extractive and ash values were examined. The presence of secondary metabolites in the aerial parts and seeds showed that Swietenia macrophylla is a good source of active principles. TLC studies were done by treating dry treating dry powder of Swietenia macrophylla with various acids, iodine and ferric chloride solution and UV and Visible light. PMID:22557161

Arumugasamy, K; Latha, K V; Kumar, N H Sathish

2004-10-01

305

Dermatophilus chelonae in a king cobra (Ophiophagus hannah).  

PubMed

A mass was removed from the left flank of a 10-yr-old male king cobra (Ophiophagus hannah), and histologic examination revealed granulomatous dermatitis with intralesional gram-positive cocci and filamentous bacteria. Fourteen months later, a histologically similar subcutaneous mass was removed from a different site. One year later, a large subcutaneous mass at the first surgical site was removed, and histopathologic examination revealed multiloculated granulomas with intralesional gram-positive cocci. An organism was cultured and identified by 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequencing as Dermatophilus chelonae. After a course of antibiotic therapy, no further lesions were seen for 5 mo. PMID:15732601

Wellehan, James F X; Turenne, Christine; Heard, Darryl J; Detrisac, Carol J; O'Kelley, Jeffrey J

2004-12-01

306

[The oral health problems of Sun King Louis XIV].  

PubMed

King Louis XIV (1638-1715) of France was a man plagued by a variety of chronic diseases, such as rheumatism, intestinal infections, fistula, headaches, chronic fever, malaria, urinary infections, gout, and chronic oral problems. At his birth, 2 deciduous teeth were already erupted, and at a very young age he already suffered from caries. In 1685, when he revoked the Edict of Nantes, a clumsy extraction of all maxillary teeth gave rise to a large maxillary bone defect and an oroantral communication. PMID:22897036

Eijkman, M A J

307

County Home Rule.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: The home rule concept; What can home rule do for counties; Criticisms of home rule; The ideals of county government; Legislative benefits of home rule; Home rule answers Arizona's problems; If home rule fails to be adopted.

1973-01-01

308

Surface Flux Measurements at King Sejong Station in West Antarctica  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Antarctic Peninsula is important in terms of global warming research due to pronounced increase of air temperature over the last century. The first eddy covariance system was established and turbulent fluxes of heat, water vapor, CO2 and momentum have been measured at King Sejong Station (62 \\deg 13øØS, 58 \\deg 47øØW) located in the northern edge of the Antarctic Peninsula since December in 2002. Our objectives are to better understand the interactions between the Antarctic land surface and the atmosphere and to test the feasibility of the long-term operation of eddy covariance system under extreme weather conditions. Various lichens cover the study area and the dominant species is Usnea fasciata-Himantormia. Based on the analyses on turbulent statistics such as integral turbulence characteristics of vertical velocity (w) and heat (T), stationarity test and investigation of correlation coefficient, they follow the Monin-Obukhov similarity and eddy covariance flux data were reliable. About 50 % of total retrieved sensible heat flux data could be used for further analysis. We will report on seasonal variations of energy and mass fluxes and environmental variables. In addition, factors controlling these fluxes will be presented. Acknowledgement: This study was supported by ¡rEnvironmental Monitoring on Human Impacts at the King Sejong Station, Antarctica¡_ (Project PP04102 of Korea Polar Research Institute) and ¡rEco-technopia 21 project¡_ (Ministry of Environment of Korea).

Choi, T.; Lee, B.; Lee, H.; Shim, J.

2004-12-01

309

Breeding Biology of King Eiders Nesting on Karrak Lake, Northwest Territories  

Microsoft Academic Search

We studied various aspects of the breeding biology of king eiders (Somateria spectabilis) nesting at Karrak Lake, south of Queen Maud Gulf in the central Canadian Arctic. We found 41 nests distributed among 10 islands in Karrak Lake; to our knowledge, this represents the largest number of king eider nests studied at one site. We suspect that island nesting by

DANA K. KELLETT; RAY T. ALISAUSKAS

1997-01-01

310

50 CFR Figure 11 to Part 679 - Red King Crab Savings Area (RKCSA)  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Red King Crab Savings Area (RKCSA) 11 Figure 11 to Part 679 Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION...THE EXCLUSIVE ECONOMIC ZONE OFF ALASKA Pt. 679, Fig. 11 Figure 11 to Part 679âRed King Crab Savings...

2012-10-01

311

50 CFR Figure 11 to Part 679 - Red King Crab Savings Area (RKCSA)  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Red King Crab Savings Area (RKCSA) 11 Figure 11 to Part 679 Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION...THE EXCLUSIVE ECONOMIC ZONE OFF ALASKA Pt. 679, Fig. 11 Figure 11 to Part 679âRed King Crab Savings...

2010-10-01

312

Survival of King and Tanner Crabs Captured by Commercial Sale Trawls  

Microsoft Academic Search

King crabs Parali­ thodes ca1ntschaticus and Tanner crabs Chionoecetes bairdi captured incidentally by Bering Sea trawlers were examined for immediate mor­ tality, vitality, and injuries resulting from trawl capture. A number were held aboard ship for 2 days in sea­ water to determine delayed mortal­ ity. Overall survival, including imme­ diate and delayed effects, was 21% (±2.0%) for king crabs

Bradley G. Stevens

313

Importance of genetic maps, Mary-Claire KingSite: DNA Interactive (www.dnai.org)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Interviewee: Mary-Claire King DNAi Location:Applications>Genes and medicine>gene hunting>Markers Moving slowly Mary-Claire King talks about the tedious process of hunting for genes in the days before genetic maps (based on thousands of markers) were readily available.

2008-03-26

314

From Typology to Topography in Clarence King's "Mountaineering in the Sierra Nevada."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The book "Mountaineering in the Sierra Nevada" by Clarence King, a late-ninteenth-century American geologist, writer, art critic, and romantic, is discussed in this paper. In the writing and revision of this book, King was attempting a metamorphosis of landscape description into popular reading as he moved from being a symbolic writer to being a…

Hoekzema, Loren

315

[The diseases of King Richard III. according to their descriptions in Shakespeare's works].  

PubMed

In this short essay we will discuss the possible diseases of king Richard III according to the descriptions in Shakespeare's plays King Richard III and Henry VI. Furthermore it is shown that the description of the defeated enemy as physically and mentally deformed is part of a long tradition which has its roots in ancient Greece. PMID:20013547

Skrziepietz, A

2009-12-01

316

Addressing Curriculum Deficiencies on Martin Luther King, Jr. through Computer Assisted Instruction and Multimedia Resources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students need to see past heroes as real people who struggled with ordinary problems in order to see the relevancy of studying history and to act practically upon the lessons that each leader teaches them. This study attempts to answer two questions relating to Martin Luther King, Jr.: (1) What do we teach our children about King? and (2) Can we…

Kim, James S.

317

The last Viking King: A royal maternity case solved by ancient DNA analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The last of the Danish Viking Kings, Sven Estridsen, died in a.d. 1074 and is entombed in Roskilde Cathedral with other Danish kings and queens. Sven's mother, Estrid, is entombed in a pillar across the chancel. However, while there is no reasonable doubt about the identity of Sven, there have been doubts among historians whether the woman entombed was indeed

Jørgen Dissing; Jonas Binladen; Anders Hansen; Birgitte Sejrsen; Eske Willerslev; Niels Lynnerup

2007-01-01

318

VENTILATION OF THE TOMBS OF THE VALLEY OF KINGS, LUXOR AND THE PYRAMID OF GIZA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Airflow characteristics in ventilated and air-conditioned spaces play an important role to attain comfort and hygiene conditions. This paper utilizes a 3D Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) model to assess the airflow characteristics in ventilated and air-conditioned archeological tombs of Egyptian Kings in the Valley of the Kings in Luxor, Egypt . It is found that the optimum airside design system

Essam E. Khalil

319

Addressing Curriculum Deficiencies on Martin Luther King, Jr. through Computer Assisted Instruction and Multimedia Resources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Students need to see past heroes as real people who struggled with ordinary problems in order to see the relevancy of studying history and to act practically upon the lessons that each leader teaches them. This study attempts to answer two questions relating to Martin Luther King, Jr.: (1) What do we teach our children about King? and (2) Can we…

Kim, James S.

320

A Bayesian analysis of NSW eastern king prawn stocks ( Melicertus plebejus) using multiple model structures  

Microsoft Academic Search

The eastern king prawn (Melicertus plebejus) is a valuable target species for commercial fisheries operating on the Australian east coast. The Bayesian analysis presented here aims to determine the current state and productivity of the NSW component of the eastern king prawn stock and analyse the possible consequences of altering commercial catches in the future. The Bayesian approach is well

Matthew C. Ives; James P. Scandol

2007-01-01

321

The King James Bible and the Politics of Religious Education: Secular State and Sacred Scripture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article provides an outline historical-educational analysis of the King James Bible from its 1611 publication through to its four-hundredth anniversary commemoration in 2011. With particular focus on England, the article traces the educational impact of the King James Bible and charts, in the country of its origin, its progressive decline in…

Gearon, Liam

2013-01-01

322

Martin Luther King, the American dream and Vietnam: A collision of rhetorical trajectories  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay explores the rhetorical complexity of Martin Luther King's dual role as political and moral leader, particularly during his last years when he was attacked for his opposition to the Vietnam War. By: 1) discussing and developing the theoretical value and critical possibilities associated with the term “rhetorical trajectories,”; 2) tracing the trajectories present in King's rhetoric in order

George N. Dionisopoulos; Victoria J. Gallagher; Steven R. Goldzwig; David Zarefsky

1992-01-01

323

The Agronomy and Economy of Black Pepper ( Piper nigrum L.) —The “King of Spices”  

Microsoft Academic Search

Black pepper, popularly known as the “King of Spices”, has a very checkered history dating back to the times of Queen Sheeba and King Solomon (BC 1015–BC 66) and has influenced the destiny of nations and their people, spread across the world, both economically and culturally. Today pepper commands the leading position among the different spices as the spice of

K. P. Prabhakaran Nair

2004-01-01

324

What Was the Disease of the Legs that Afflicted King Asa?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background\\/Objective: The elderly have suffered from pain in their legs, which may be associated with various diseases, for thousands of years. This report analyzes the disease that afflicted the biblical King Asa (the third king of the house of Judah who reigned between 867 and 906 BCE). Results: The sentence ‘Nevertheless in the time of his old age he was

2001-01-01

325

An Overlooked Message: The Critique of Kings and Affirmation of Equality in the Primeval History  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Primeval History in Genesis 2—11 contains symbolic polyvalent narratives with diverse levels of interpretive possibility. One meaningful level of interpretation is to see how the accounts contain a strident critique of kingship, especially the social economic abuses perpetrated by kings. Kings who receive the strident barbs of the author include not only Mesopotamian rulers, but also, by implication, the

Robert K. Gnuse

2006-01-01

326

Christian kings and Jewish conversion in the medieval Crown of Aragon  

Microsoft Academic Search

As Christian monarchs in the age of crusade and reconquista, the kings of the medieval Crown of Aragon had no choice but to show public support for Jewish conversion to Christianity, issuing legislation meant to encourage conversion and granting favors to individual converts. However, this public position disguised a deep ambivalence toward the conversion of Jews, whom kings considered personal

Paola Tartakoff

2011-01-01

327

A Kingship by Merit and Cosmic Investiture: An Investigation into King Alaungmintaya's Self-Representation  

Microsoft Academic Search

:Alaungmintaya’s rise from village headman to kingship in less than five years raises manifold questions regarding the perception of Buddhist kingship in Myanmar. The new king had to establish his credentials not only on the battlefield, but also within a particular cultural and religious environment. Based largely on the edicts and letters of the king himself, this paper takes a

Jacques P. Leider

2011-01-01

328

A Kingship by Merit and Cosmic Investiture: An Investigation into King Alaungmintaya's Self-Representation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Alaungmintaya’s rise from village headman to kingship in less than five years raises manifold questions regarding the perception of Buddhist kingship in Myanmar. The new king had to establish his credentials not only on the battlefield, but also within a particular cultural and religious environment. Based largely on the edicts and letters of the king himself, this paper takes a

Jacques P. Leider

2011-01-01

329

Rock deterioration in the Royal Tomb of Seti I, Valley of the Kings, Luxor, Egypt  

Microsoft Academic Search

A comparison of present tomb conditions of the Royal Tomb of Seti I in the Valley of the Kings with Burton's photographs (1921–1928) reveals that the rock structure and tomb decoration have undergone severe deterioration. In fact, several other Royal Tombs in the Valley of the Kings have shown similar decay features. Most of the Royal Tombs in the Valley

Raphael A. J. Wüst; James McLane

2000-01-01

330

Trends in property and illicit drug-related crime in Kings Cross: An update  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous studies examining the impact of Sydney's Medically Supervised Injecting Centre (MSIC) on drug- related crime in Kings Cross have found that the Centre had no adverse effects. This study examined trends in robbery, theft and drug offences in Kings Cross over a six-year period (from the commencement of MSIC in May 2001 until December 2007) and compared these to

Lucy Snowball; Melissa Burgess; Bryan Price

331

From Typology to Topography in Clarence King's "Mountaineering in the Sierra Nevada."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The book "Mountaineering in the Sierra Nevada" by Clarence King, a late-ninteenth-century American geologist, writer, art critic, and romantic, is discussed in this paper. In the writing and revision of this book, King was attempting a metamorphosis of landscape description into popular reading as he moved from being a symbolic writer to being a…

Hoekzema, Loren

332

Quality of life in multiple sclerosis patients with urinary disorders: reliability and validity of the Turkish version of King’s Health Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

MS patients frequently present with urinary system symptoms, which have a negative effect on the quality life. The aim of\\u000a our study was to demonstrate the validity and reliability of the Turkish King’s Health Questionnaire (KHQ) in MS patients.\\u000a The study included 37 patients. For analysis of test–retest reliability, the Turkish version of the KHQ developed and the\\u000a “translation-back translation”

Ye?im Akkoc; Hale Karapolat; Sibel Eyigor; Hilal Yesil; Nur Yüceyar

2011-01-01

333

Phosphorus fractionation in soil and sediments along a continuum from agricultural fields to nearshore lake sediments: Potential ecological impacts  

Microsoft Academic Search

The movement of phosphorus (P) from agricultural fields to streams and deposition in the nearshore of the lake presents a continuum of related physical and chemical properties that act to partition P into different physico-chemical fractions. We investigated changes in soil and sediment P fractionation as material was eroded from predominantly agricultural fields, transported via stream sediments, and deposited in

Mark R. Noll; Aimee E. Szatkowski; Erin A. Magee

2009-01-01

334

Relative Abundance, Length Frequency, Age, and Maturity of Dolly Varden in Nearshore Waters of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, Alaska  

Microsoft Academic Search

Uncertainty about the environmental effects of oil development prompted a study of Dolly Varden Salvelinus malma in the nearshore waters of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, Alaska. Abundance of fish less than 400 mm fork length (FL), as indexed by tyke net catch per unit effort (CPUE), was significantly different among years, with the highest daily catch rates occurring in

Tevis J. Underwood; Michael J. Millard; Laura A. Thorpe

1996-01-01

335

Near?shore distribution and abundance of dolphins along the West Coast of the South Island, New Zealand  

Microsoft Academic Search

Compared to other stretches of the New Zealand coast, very little is known about the cetacean fauna off the West Coast of the South Island. The purpose of this paper is to describe the near?shore distribution and abundance of dolphins in that area by summarising the results of two major studies. Between February 1995 and February 1997, 97 day trips

Stefan Brager; Karsten Schneider

1998-01-01

336

Model Experiments On Waves And Nearshore Currents Around Floating Wave Power Plant In Coastal Waters In Comparison With Detached Breakwater  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper deals with i) the roles of floating wave power plant in the control of environment of coastal waters for coastal fisheries, i i) experimental investigation of physical characteristics,i.e. waves and nearshore currents induced by waves around a model of floating wave power plant on inclined bottom comparing with those around a model of detached breakwater from the viewpoints

Naomi Kato; Takeaki Miyazaki

1991-01-01

337

Development of an Integrated Assessment of Great Lakes Using Towed in situ Sensor Technologies: Linking Nearshore Conditions with Adjacent Watersheds  

EPA Science Inventory

Coastal and nearshore regions of the US/Canadian Great Lakes have not been included in monitoring efforts in any regular, consistent, or comprehensive fashion. To address this need, we have been developing a survey strategy using towed in situ sensors to provide spatially-compreh...

338

COASTAL WETLAND-NEARSHORE FOOD WEB LINKAGES ALONG A TROPHIC GRADIENT IN GREEN BAY: A FISH-EYE VIEW  

EPA Science Inventory

To identify ecological interactions among Green Bay coastal wetlands and lake habitats we analyzed stable isotope signatures of organismsa from wetland and adjacent nearshore food webs in Green Bay, Lake Michigan. We were interested in the influence of nutrient loading/trophic st...

339

An Integrated Hydrodynamic and Pollutant Transport Model for the Nearshore Areas of the Great Lakes and Their Tributaries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis deals with the modelling of the circulation and pollutant transport in the nearshore areas of lakes and their tributaries. An integrated hydrodynamic\\/pollutant transport model was developed which operates in an interactive environment and is equipped with powerful graphics. The model can predict: (a) the horizontal and vertical current structure in the lake under isothermal and stratified conditions for

Jian Wu

1993-01-01

340

An integrated hydrodynamic and pollutant transport model for the nearshore areas of the Great Lakes and their tributaries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis deals with the modelling of the circulation and pollutant transport in the nearshore areas of lakes and their tributaries. An integrated hydrodynamic\\/pollutant transport model was developed which operates in an interactive environment and is equipped with powerful graphics. The model can predict: (a) the horizontal and vertical current structure in the lake under isothermal and stratified conditions for

Jian Wu

1994-01-01

341

LIMNETIC LARVAL FISH IN THE NEARSHORE ZONE OF THE SOUTH SHORE OF THE CENTRAL BASIN OF LAKE ERIE  

EPA Science Inventory

This report presents the results of a survey of larval fish in the nearshore zone of the central basin of Lake Erie from Conneaut to Sandusky, Ohio. Larval fish were sampled at 10 transects during each of 8 cruise periods between 2 May and 9 August 1978. Concentrations of fish la...

342

Pressure gradient-driven nearshore circulation on a beach influenced by a large inlet-tidal shoal system  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The nearshore circulation induced by a focused pattern of surface gravity waves is studied at a beach adjacent to a major inlet with a large ebb tidal shoal. Using a coupled wave and wave-averaged nearshore circulation model, it is found that the nearshore circulation is significantly affected by the heterogeneous wave patterns caused by wave refraction over the ebb tidal shoal. The model is used to predict waves and currents during field experiments conducted near the mouth of San Francisco Bay and nearby Ocean Beach. The field measurements indicate strong spatial variations in current magnitude and direction and in wave height and direction along Ocean Beach and across the ebb tidal shoal. Numerical simulations suggest that wave refraction over the ebb tidal shoal causes wave focusing toward a narrow region at Ocean Beach. Due to the resulting spatial variation in nearshore wave height, wave-induced setup exhibits a strong alongshore nonuniformity, resulting in a dramatic change in the pressure field compared to a simulation with only tidal forcing. The analysis of momentum balances inside the surf zone shows that, under wave conditions with intensive wave focusing, the alongshore pressure gradient associated with alongshore nonuniform wave setup can be a dominant force driving circulation, inducing heterogeneous alongshore currents. Pressure-gradient-forced alongshore currents can exhibit flow reversals and flow convergence or divergence, in contrast to the uniform alongshore currents typically caused by tides or homogeneous waves.

Daniel Hanes;Li Erikson;Patrick Barnard;Jodi L Eshleman;F. Shi;J.T. Kirby

2011-01-01

343

Antihemorrhagin in the blood serum of king cobra (Ophiophagus hannah): purification and characterization.  

PubMed

King cobra (Ophiophagus hannah) serum was found to possess antihemorrhagic activity against king cobra hemorrhagin. The activity was stronger than that in commercial king cobra antivenom. An antihemorrhagin has been purified by ion exchange chromatography, affinity chromatography and gel filtration with a 22-fold purification and an overall yield of 12% of the total antihemorrhagic activity contained in crude serum. The purified antihemorrhagin was homogeneous in disc-PAGE and SDS-PAGE. Its apparent molecular weight determined by SDS-PAGE was 120 kDa. The antihemorrhagin was also active against other hemorrhagic snake venoms obtained in Thailand and Japan such as Calloselasma rhodostoma, Trimeresurus albolabris, Trimeresurus macrops and Trimeresurus flavoviridis (Japanese Habu). It inhibited the proteolytic activity of king cobra venom. It is an acid- and thermolabile protein and does not form precipitin lines against king cobra venom. PMID:12875876

Chanhome, Lawan; Khow, Orawan; Omori-Satoh, Tamotsu; Sitprija, Visith

2003-06-01

344

A Quick Response Forecasting Model of Pathogen Transport and Inactivation in Near-shore Regions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Modeling methods supporting water quality assessments play a critical role by facilitating people to understand and promptly predict the potential threat of waterborne bacterial pathogens pose to human health. A mathematical model to describe and predict bacterial levels can provide foundation for water managers in making decisions on whether a water system is safe to open to the public. The inactivation (decay or die-off) rate of bacteria is critical in a bacterial model by controlling bacterial concentration in waters and depends on numerous factors of hydrodynamics, meteorology, geology, chemistry and biology. Transport and fate of waterborne pathogens in fresh water systems is an essentially three-dimensional problem, which requires a coupling of hydrodynamic equations and transport equations that describe the pathogen and suspended sediment dynamics. However, such an approach could be very demanding and time consuming from a practical point of view due to excess computational efforts. Long computation time may lead people unintentionally drinking or swimming in the contaminated water during the period before the predictive results of water quality come out. Therefore, it is very necessary to find a quick-response model to forecast bacterial concentration instantly to protect human health without any delay. Nearshore regions are the most commonly and directly used area for people in a huge water system. The prior multi-dimensional investigations of E. Coli and Enterococci inactivation in literature indicate that along-shore current predominated the nearshore region. Consequently, the complex dynamic conditions may be potentially simplified to one-dimensional scenario. In this research, a one-dimensional model system coupling both hydrodynamic and bacterial transport modules is constructed considering different complex processes to simulate the transport and fate of pathogens in nearshore regions. The quick-response model mainly focuses on promptly forecasting purpose and will be verified and calibrated with the available data collected from southern Lake Michigan. The modeling results will be compared with those from prior multi-dimensional models. This model is specifically effective for the outfall-controlled waters, where pathogens are primarily predominated by loadings from nearby tributaries and tend to show wide variations in concentrations.

Liu, L.; Fu, X.

2011-12-01

345

An Evaluation of the Insertion and Function of a New Supraglottic Airway Device, the King LT ???, During Spontaneous Ventilation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Trials of the King LT™ (LT, King Systems, Noblesville, IN) in controlled ventilation of the lungs have shown that it is an effective supraglottic airway device. We de- signed this study to evaluate the King LT™ regarding ease of insertion, position within the airway, and ana- tomic sealing properties during spontaneous ventila- tion in 50 ASA physical status I-III, Mallampati

Carin Hagberg; Yefim Bogomolny; Clarence Gilmore; Valentine Gibson; Mark Kaitner; Somya Khurana

2006-01-01

346

Issues in Ecology, Issue 11: The Role of Nearshore Ecosystems as Fish and Shellfish Nurseries  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This report defines the role of nearshore ecosystems, such as wetlands and seagrass meadows, as nurseries for populations of fish and shellfish that may be of commercial value to humans. The ecological value of nursery habitats in relation to the life cycle of many species of fish and invertebrates is mentioned as the nursery-role hypothesis is discussed. Biological, physical, chemical, and landscape factors that contribute to site-specific variation of nurseries are listed. Implications for research, conservation, management and restoration are listed, while highlighting key threats to coastal ecosystems. Issues in Ecology is an ongoing series of reports designed to present major ecological issues in an easy-to-read manner. This Issue summarizes the consensus of a panel of scientific experts based on the information that was current and available at the time of its publication in 2003.

Minello, Thomas

2010-02-16

347

Sea-Floor Mapping and Benthic Habitat GIS for the Elwha River Delta Nearshore, Washington  

USGS Publications Warehouse

From March 1531, 2005, more than 252 km (19.5 km2) of seafloor offshore of the Elwha River Delta in the central Strait of Juan de Fuca was mapped by the USGS Coastal and Marine Geology Program. The purpose of this nearshore mapping was to (1) obtain high resolution bathymetry and acoustic reflectance properties of the seabed, (2) examine and record geologic characteristics of the seafloor, and (3) construct maps of sea-floor geomorphology and habitat. Substrate distribution was characterized with video-supervised statistical classification of the sonar data. Substrate of the survey was dominated by mixed sand-gravel and sand. Numerous boulder reefs were observed west of the river mouth within Freshwater Bay, whereas the sea-floor immediately adjacent to the river mouth was dominated by sand.

Cochrane, Guy R.; Warrick, Jonathan A.; Sagy, Yael; Finlayson, David; Harney, Jodi

2008-01-01

348

Submarine groundwater discharge into the near-shore zone of the Great Barrier Reef, Australia.  

PubMed

Along the tropical coastline of the Great Barrier Reef (GBR) region, little is known to date about submarine groundwater discharge (SGD) into the near-shore ocean. In an oceanographic sense, SGD consists of freshwater flow from land as well as seawater circulated through sediments. Recent radiochemical and geophysical studies, using the tracer (222)Rn and apparent ground conductivity respectively, provide evidence for SGD to occur in a variety of hydrogeological settings. In this paper, a non-quantitative overview of different settings of SGD in the region is presented: (1) recirculation of seawater through animal burrows in mangrove forests, (2) freshwater SGD from unconfined aquifers as a narrow coastal fringe of freshwater along Wet Tropics beaches, (3) SGD from coastal dune systems in form of localised freshwater springs in the intertidal zone, (4) inner-shelf SGD from confined submarine aquifer systems comprised of riverine paleochannels incised into the shelf. PMID:15757707

Stieglitz, Thomas

2004-12-09

349

Detection of breaking waves using X-band pulse radar in the nearshore region  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An X-band pulsed Doppler microwave radar has been used to determine the characteristics of breaking waves. Field experiments were conducted at the Shuang-Si estuary in the north of Taiwan in the winter of 2005. Analyses on maxima radar cross section and Doppler frequency shift are done to characterize wave breaking zones. Based on observations of breaking waves, the wave breaking zones are shown to be located at water depths of 1.8 to 2.2 m in the experimental site. In general, the results indicate that a radar system has the potential to delineate the spatial variation of breaking waves clearly and that this is sufficient to achieve a measurement operation for near-shore air-sea interaction events.

Lin, Y. C.; Chang, C. C.; Lee, M. C.; Chan, H. C.; Leu, J. M.

2013-08-01

350

The tidal influence on oil and gas emissions from an abandoned oil well: Nearshore Summerland, California.  

PubMed

Oil and gas emissions were quantified for natural and human sources in nearshore waters off Summerland, California through deployment of custom designed collection tents. Seepage was measured at a repeatedly abandoned well, on the seabed from a caisson located along the historical location of the Treadwell Wharf, where the world's first off-shore oil wells were drilled at the end of the 19th century. Seepage rates at the capped T-10 Well, located in approximately 5m water, showed high correlation to tides. Site emissions were 2.4 and 38.7Lday(-1) oil and gas, respectively. Emissions were measured from two areas of seepage at the T-10 Well Site. Oil and gas ratios were inversely correlated between the two seepage areas, demonstrating connectivity. Data were interpreted in terms of an electronic circuit model of seepage with respect to the time lag between local low tide and peak oil emissions. PMID:17640686

Leifer, Ira; Wilson, Ken

2007-07-20

351

Neutrophilic Iron-Oxidizing "Zetaproteobacteria" and Mild Steel Corrosion in Nearshore Marine Environments ? †  

PubMed Central

Microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC) of mild steel in seawater is an expensive and enduring problem. Little attention has been paid to the role of neutrophilic, lithotrophic, iron-oxidizing bacteria (FeOB) in MIC. The goal of this study was to determine if marine FeOB related to Mariprofundus are involved in this process. To examine this, field incubations and laboratory microcosm experiments were conducted. Mild steel samples incubated in nearshore environments were colonized by marine FeOB, as evidenced by the presence of helical iron-encrusted stalks diagnostic of the FeOB Mariprofundus ferrooxydans, a member of the candidate class “Zetaproteobacteria.” Furthermore, Mariprofundus-like cells were enriched from MIC biofilms. The presence of Zetaproteobacteria was confirmed using a Zetaproteobacteria-specific small-subunit (SSU) rRNA gene primer set to amplify sequences related to M. ferrooxydans from both enrichments and in situ samples of MIC biofilms. Temporal in situ incubation studies showed a qualitative increase in stalk distribution on mild steel, suggesting progressive colonization by stalk-forming FeOB. We also isolated a novel FeOB, designated Mariprofundus sp. strain GSB2, from an iron oxide mat in a salt marsh. Strain GSB2 enhanced uniform corrosion from mild steel in laboratory microcosm experiments conducted over 4 days. Iron concentrations (including precipitates) in the medium were used as a measure of corrosion. The corrosion in biotic samples (7.4 ± 0.1 mM) was significantly higher than that in abiotic controls (5.0 ± 0.1 mM). These results have important implications for the role of FeOB in corrosion of steel in nearshore and estuarine environments. In addition, this work shows that the global distribution of Zetaproteobacteria is far greater than previously thought.

McBeth, Joyce M.; Little, Brenda J.; Ray, Richard I.; Farrar, Katherine M.; Emerson, David

2011-01-01

352

Neutrophilic iron-oxidizing "zetaproteobacteria" and mild steel corrosion in nearshore marine environments.  

PubMed

Microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC) of mild steel in seawater is an expensive and enduring problem. Little attention has been paid to the role of neutrophilic, lithotrophic, iron-oxidizing bacteria (FeOB) in MIC. The goal of this study was to determine if marine FeOB related to Mariprofundus are involved in this process. To examine this, field incubations and laboratory microcosm experiments were conducted. Mild steel samples incubated in nearshore environments were colonized by marine FeOB, as evidenced by the presence of helical iron-encrusted stalks diagnostic of the FeOB Mariprofundus ferrooxydans, a member of the candidate class "Zetaproteobacteria." Furthermore, Mariprofundus-like cells were enriched from MIC biofilms. The presence of Zetaproteobacteria was confirmed using a Zetaproteobacteria-specific small-subunit (SSU) rRNA gene primer set to amplify sequences related to M. ferrooxydans from both enrichments and in situ samples of MIC biofilms. Temporal in situ incubation studies showed a qualitative increase in stalk distribution on mild steel, suggesting progressive colonization by stalk-forming FeOB. We also isolated a novel FeOB, designated Mariprofundus sp. strain GSB2, from an iron oxide mat in a salt marsh. Strain GSB2 enhanced uniform corrosion from mild steel in laboratory microcosm experiments conducted over 4 days. Iron concentrations (including precipitates) in the medium were used as a measure of corrosion. The corrosion in biotic samples (7.4 ± 0.1 mM) was significantly higher than that in abiotic controls (5.0 ± 0.1 mM). These results have important implications for the role of FeOB in corrosion of steel in nearshore and estuarine environments. In addition, this work shows that the global distribution of Zetaproteobacteria is far greater than previously thought. PMID:21131509

McBeth, Joyce M; Little, Brenda J; Ray, Richard I; Farrar, Katherine M; Emerson, David

2010-12-03

353

Enzyme kinetics. Systematic generation of valid King-Altman patterns.  

PubMed

One of the most generally applicable algorithms for the derivation of steady-state rate equations for complex enzyme reaction mechanisms is that of King and Altman. Several modifications of this algorithm have been suggested; however, each requires the generation of numerous valid and invalid patterns and the subsequent elimination of those that are invalid. A method is presented, employing topological theory of linear graphs, for the systematic generation of only those patterns which are valid. This method is readily adaptable to use on a digital computer. An independent method for the calculation of the number of valid patterns is also presented. This calculation can be used to substantiate the accuracy of the patterns obtained. This calculation is also adaptable to computerization. Examples are included to demonstrate both the generation of patterns and the calculation of their number for specific enzyme mechanisms. PMID:5016111

Lam, C F; Priest, D G

1972-03-01

354

Large-scale movements and habitat characteristics of king eiders throughout the nonbreeding period  

USGS Publications Warehouse

King Eiders (Somateria spectabilis) breeding in western Canada and Alaska molt wing feathers and spend the winter in remote areas of the Bering Sea, precluding direct observation. To characterize timing of migration and habitat used by King Eiders during the nonbreeding period, we collected location data for 60 individuals (27 females and 33 males) over three years from satellite telemetry and utilized oceanographic information obtained by remote sensing. Male King Eiders dispersed from breeding areas, arrived at wing molt sites, and dispersed from wing molt sites earlier than females in all years. Males arriving earlier at wing molt sites molted flight feathers at higher latitudes. Distributions of molt and winter locations did not differ by sex or among years. Of the variables considered for analysis, distance to shore, water depth, and salinity appeared to best describe King Eider habitat throughout the nonbreeding period. King Eiders were located closer to shore, in shallower water with lower salinity than random locations. During the winter, lower ice concentrations were also associated with King Eider locations. This study provides some of the first large-scale descriptions of King Eider migration and habitat outside the breeding season. ?? The Cooper Ornithological Society 2006.

Phillips, L. M.; Powell, A. N.; Rexstad, E. A.

2006-01-01

355

Morphologic Response and Sediment Redistribution of the Beach and Nearshore Sand Bars due to Extratropical and Tropical Storm Forcing: a Spatial and Temporal Analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Shore-oblique bars and associated exposures of an underlying geologic stratum in the nearshore have been documented along the US East Coast and have been linked to shoreline erosional hotspots. While earlier studies acknowledged that the bedforms responded to extratropical and tropical storms, neither quantified the extent of sediment redistribution after the events. An approach that encompasses actual volume measurements across the nearshore-beach down to a non-sandy stratum and quantifies the response of the beach and the nearshore to the same hydrodynamic forcing will enable a better understanding of the exchange of sediment between the two regions. Total nearshore sediment volume has been shown to be a first-order contributor to the behavior of the shoreline. This volumetric approach is employed in the analysis of morphological changes and the redistribution of sediment in the nearshore and beach following storms. A regional survey from 2002 provides the initial, fair-weather morphologic state of the nearshore (1.5-15m water depth) spanning 40 km of the North Carolina Outer Banks. Four small-scale surveys were conducted in subsequent years, focusing on four 1-km2 regions within the initial 2002 survey area. The smaller regions were selected on the basis of the morphological state observed during the 2002 survey and historical shoreline behavior. Data were collected in March 2003 following a Northeaster; in May 2003 following an extended period of fair weather conditions; in November 2003 following Hurricane Isabel; and finally, in June 2004 after another period of fair weather. A swath bathymetry system was used to collect bathymetry and side scan sonar (acoustic backscatter) and a high-resolution chirp sub-bottom profiler imaged the shallow sub-surface geology of the nearshore. In addition, RTK-GPS was used to map the sub-aerial beach at each 1-km2 site from the toe of the dune to the water line for the May 2003, November 2003, and June 2004 sampling periods. This sampling regime and data set offers a unique opportunity 1) to compare the simultaneous response of the beach and the nearshore to storms and 2) to investigate how the response of the beach and the nearshore varies depending on sandbar morphology and differences in the geologic framework. Three-dimensional maps of the beach and nearshore, from the toe of the dune to the 15m isobath, are used to demonstrate changes in total shoreface volume after storms and during recovery. Understanding the redistribution of sediment in the context of volumetric change enables the quantification of the exchange of sediment between the beach and the nearshore during large-scale forcing events.

Miselis, J. L.; McNinch, J. E.

2005-05-01

356

Survey of Radiological and Chemical Contaminants in the Near-Shore Environment at the Hanford Site 300 Area  

SciTech Connect

This report describes an environmental surveillance study of the near-shore of the Columbia River at the 300 Area of the U.S. Department of Energy's Hanford Site. The study was conducted in August - October, 2001 to coincide with expected low river stage. The low river stage facilitated locating and sampling riverbank spring water and other media along the Columbia River shoreline. River water, riverbank spring water, near shore groundwater, riparian and aquatic biota samples were collected. Contaminants of concern included radionuclides, metals, organics, and anions. A survey of the external radiation levels along the near-shore area was also conducted. The report presents the objectives and regulatory drivers for this study, a description of the sample collection process, analytical results and discussion for both radiological and non-radiological (chemical) samples. In addition, human and ecological dose/risk assessments based upon the analytical results are presented.

Patton, Gregory W.; Tiller, Brett L.; Antonio, Ernest J.; Poston, Ted M.; Van Verst, Scott P.

2002-09-27

357

Evaluation of bacteriological and nutrient concerns in nearshore waters of a barrier island community in SW Florida.  

PubMed

To determine if local onsite treatment systems affect nearshore water quality, seasonal and rain event monitoring of bacteria and nitrogen was conducted on the Gulf and estuary sides of Captiva Island. Monitoring wells were used to examine the relationship between surface water and groundwater quality. Nitrates were found to be significantly greater in ground water samples from the areas of Captiva using onsite treatment compared to areas with sewer. However, groundwater enterococci were no greater in areas with onsite treatment. Surface water nitrogen was significantly greater near onsite systems than areas with sewer, linking groundwater and surface water quality. Surface water enterococci increased significantly after rain events. Study results indicated stormwater runoff disperses indicator bacteria from diffuse terrestrial sources into nearshore waters, elevating the concentrations. This study reveals local onsite treatment systems produce elevated surface water nitrogen levels but do not contribute to elevated indicator bacteria concentrations in this system. PMID:22607848

Thompson, Mark; Milbrandt, Eric; Bartleson, Richard; Rybak, Alex

2012-05-18

358

Beach and nearshore morphology of Lakes Manapouri and Te Anau, New Zealand: Natural models of the continental shelf  

Microsoft Academic Search

The foreshore and nearshore morphology of beaches around Lakes Manapouri and Te Anau, New Zealand, have developed a distinctive shelf form in response to lake wave processes. The characteristics of this shelf form vary systematically with the degree of exposure to wave activity. Shelf width ranges between 10?5 and 87?2 m and extends to depths of 1?2–5?8 m beneath mean

R. A. Pickrill

1978-01-01

359

Nutrient couplings between on-site sewage disposal systems, groundwaters, and nearshore surface waters of the Florida Keys  

Microsoft Academic Search

We performed a one-year study to determine the effects of on-site sewage disposal systems (OSDS, septic tanks) on the nutrient\\u000a relations of limestone groundwaters and nearshore surface waters of the Florida Keys. Monitor wells were installed on canal\\u000a residences with OSDS and a control site in the Key Deer National Wildlife Refuge on Big Pine Key. Groundwater and surface\\u000a water

Brian E. Lapointe; Julie D. O'Connell; George S. Garrett

1999-01-01

360

Organic enrichment of submarine-canyon and continental-shelf benthic communities by macroalgal drift imported from nearshore kelp forests  

Microsoft Academic Search

Remotely operated vehicle (ROV) surveys were conducted over a 3-year period to evaluate the importance of macroalgal drift exported from nearshore forests of giant kelp (Macrocystis pyrifera) to adjacent submarine-canyon and continental-shelf benthic habitats. Abundant macroalgal drift was found in the Carmel Submarine Canyon (153- 454-m depth) but was rare at Pt. Joe, a continental shelf habitat 9 km away

Christopher Harrold; Karen Light; Susan Lisin

1998-01-01

361

Effect of P and N addition to oligotrophic Eastern Mediterranean waters influenced by near-shore waters: A microcosm experiment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Phosphate (P), nitrate (N) or P+N added in a microcosm experiment to oligotrophic waters of the Eastern Mediterranean influenced by near-shore waters triggered a range of responses in the autotrophic and heterotrophic compartments of the system. Chlorophyll a increased in all treatments, including the no-addition control, implying that nutrients became available also from internal sources (recycling). Larger and faster biomass

Nurit Kress; T. Frede Thingstad; Paraskevi Pitta; Stella Psarra; Tsuneo Tanaka; Tamar Zohary; Stephen Groom; Barak Herut; R. Fauzi C. Mantoura; Thalia Polychronaki; Fereidoun Rassoulzadegan; Georgina Spyres

2005-01-01

362

Implementation of the Gibbs-Poole-Stockmeyer Algorithm and the Gibbs-King Algorithm.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Implementations of two effective matrix reordering algorithms were published in this paper as Algorithms 508, which implements the Gibbs-Poole-Stockmeyer algorithm for reducing the bandwidth of a matrix, and 509, which implements the Gibbs-King algorithm ...

J. G. Lewis

1982-01-01

363

Solution to the mean king's problem with mutually unbiased bases for arbitrary levels  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The mean king’s problem with mutually unbiased bases is reconsidered for arbitrary d -level systems. Hayashi [Phys. Rev. A 71, 052331 (2005)] related the problem to the existence of a maximal set of d-1 mutually orthogonal Latin squares, in their restricted setting that allows only measurements of projection-valued measures. However, we then cannot find a solution to the problem when, e.g., d=6 or d=10 . In contrast to their result, we show that the king’s problem always has a solution for arbitrary levels if we also allow positive operator-valued measures. In constructing the solution, we use orthogonal arrays in combinatorial design theory.

Kimura, Gen; Tanaka, Hajime; Ozawa, Masanao

2006-05-01

364

Heavy Metal Contamination of Spanish Mackerel, 'Scomberomorus maculatus', and King Mackerel, 'S. cavalla'.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Heavy metals in the edible tissues of Spanish mackerel, Scomberomorus maculatus, and king mackerel, S. cavalla, may place constraints on the utilization of these migratory coastal pelagic species and on the development of the associated fisheries. Data ar...

G. M. Meaburn

1978-01-01

365

Energy Sources for First-Feeding Zoeae of King Crab 'Paralithodes camtschatica' (Tilesius) (Decapoda, Lithodidae).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The occurrence of first zoeae of king crab Paralithodes camtschatica (Tilesius) and potential phytoplankton food was monitored during April 1987 in Auke Bay, Alaska. The most abundant phytoplankton were Thalassiosira spp. and Skeletonema costatum (Grevill...

A. J. Paul J. M. Paul K. O. Coyle

1989-01-01

366

Josephine County Preliminary Comprehensive Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: General characteristics; Forest lands; Cleared land; Planning area analysis; Forecast of employment for Josephine County (1985); Forecasts of population for Josephine County (1985); Distribution of employment within the County (1985); Distributi...

1969-01-01

367

Mono County update  

Microsoft Academic Search

On February 9, 1988, the Mono County Board of Supervisors voted to approve Bonneville Pacific Corporation's Mammoth Chance Geothermal Project. The project is an air-cooled, binary, geothermal power plant, 10 megawatts, net. The Mono County Board of Supervisors issued a project use-permit with vigorous and stringent conditions. Specific emphasis was placed on the establishment of a monitoring program designed to

Lyster

1987-01-01

368

Penobscot County Health Inquiry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A community profile is presented for Penobscot County, Maine. The county is the fourth largest in Maine and is part of the service area of the Northeast Health Planning Council. The profile opens with a description of the geographic characteristics of the...

S. Fulton T. Ramsey J. M. Cauble

1974-01-01

369

Natural intrusions of hypoxic, low pH water into nearshore marine environments on the California coast  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A decade-long time series recorded in Central California demonstrates that a shallow, near-shore environment (17 m depth) is regularly inundated with pulses of cold, hypoxic and low-pH water. During these episodes, oxygen can drop to physiologically stressful levels, and pH can reach values that potentially result in dissolution of calcium carbonate. Pulses of the greatest intensity arose at the onset of the spring upwelling season, and fluctuations were strongly semidiurnal and diurnal. Arrival of cold, hypoxic water on the inner shelf appears to be driven by tidal-frequency internal waves pushing deep, upwelled water into nearshore habitats. We found no relationship between the timing of low-oxygen events and the diel solar cycle. These observations are consistent with the interpretation that hypoxic water is advected shoreward from the deep, offshore environment where water masses experience a general decline of temperature, oxygen and pH with depth. Analysis of the durations of exposure to low oxygen concentrations establishes a framework for assessing the ecological relevance of these events, but physiological tolerance limits to such hypoxic events are not well documented for most near-shore organisms expected to be impacted.

Booth, J. Ashley T.; McPhee-Shaw, Erika E.; Chua, Paul; Kingsley, Eric; Denny, Mark; Phillips, Roger; Bograd, Steven J.; Zeidberg, Louis D.; Gilly, William F.

2012-08-01

370

Mean king's problem with mutually unbiased bases and orthogonal Latin squares  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The mean king’s problem with maximal mutually unbiased bases (MUB’s) in general dimension d is investigated. It is shown that a solution of the problem exists if and only if the maximal number (d+1) of orthogonal Latin squares exists. This implies that there is no solution in d=6 or d=10 dimensions even if the maximal number of MUB’s exists in these dimensions.

Hayashi, A.; Horibe, M.; Hashimoto, T.

2005-05-01

371

Ohanin, a novel protein from king cobra venom: Its cDNA and genomic organization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ohanin, from king cobra venom, is a novel protein which induces hypolocomotion and hyperalgesia in mice [Pung, Y.F., Wong, P.T.H., Kumar, P.P., Hodgson W.C., Kini, R.M., 2005. Ohanin, a novel protein from king cobra venom induces hypolocomotion and hyperalgesia in mice. J. Biol. Chem. 280, 13137–13147.]. It is weakly similar to PRY-SPRY domains (B30.2-like domain). Here we report the complete

Yuh Fen Pung; Sanjeed Vijaya Kumar; Nandhakishore Rajagopalan; Bryan G. Fry; Prakash P. Kumar; R. Manjunatha Kini

2006-01-01

372

The late Neoproterozoic Grassy Group of King Island, Tasmania: correlation and palaeogeographic significance  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a very strong lithostratigraphic and ?13C-chemostratigraphic resemblance between the well-exposed diamictite–cap dolostone–shale succession on eastern King Island, and the Marinoan glacials and lowermost Wilpena Group of the Adelaide Rift Complex. The strength of the resemblance suggests original lateral continuity of sedimentation between King Island and the Adelaide Rift Complex together with the contiguous central Australian Neoproterozoic epicratonic basins.

C. R. Calver; M. R. Walter

2000-01-01

373

The Holy Bible, King James Version: Old and New Testaments, with the Apocrapha  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Website from the Electronic Text Center at the University of Virginia offers a complete, browseable, online version of the King James Bible, including all the texts of the apocrypha. Users may search by key words or phrases and group results by match or individual books. Perhaps most appealing to religious scholars and amateur devotees of biblical textual history is a feature that allows users to view the King James translation side-by-side with the Revised Standard Version for comparison.

374

Use of the Beaufort Sea by king eiders breeding on the North Slope of Alaska  

USGS Publications Warehouse

We estimated areas used by king eiders (Somateria spectabilis) in the Alaskan Beaufort Sea, how distributions of used areas varied, and characteristics that explained variation in the number of days spent at sea, to provide regulatory agencies with baseline data needed to minimize impacts of potential offshore oil development. We implanted sixty king eiders with satellite transmitters at nesting areas on the North Slope of Alaska, USA, in 2002-2004. More than 80% of marked eiders spent >2 weeks staging offshore prior to beginning a postbreeding molt migration. During postbreeding staging and migration, male king eiders had much broader distributions in the Alaskan Beaufort Sea than female eiders, which were concentrated in Harrison and Smith Bays. Distribution did not vary by sex during spring migration in the year after marking. Shorter residence times of eiders and deeper water at locations used during spring migration suggest the Alaskan Beaufort Sea might not be as critical a staging area for king eiders during prebreeding as it is postbreeding. Residence time in the Beaufort Sea varied by sex, with female king eiders spending more days at sea than males in spring and during postbreeding. We conclude the Alaskan Beaufort Sea is an important staging area for king eiders during postbreeding, and eider distribution should be considered by managers when mitigating for future offshore development. We recommend future studies examine the importance of spring staging areas outside the Alaskan Beaufort Sea.

Phillips, L. M.; Powell, A. N.; Taylor, E. J.; Rexstad, E. A.

2007-01-01

375

Kidney transplantations at King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre.  

PubMed

During the five year period from 1987G to 1991G, 161 kidney transplantations were performed at King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre (KFSH&RC); 79 from cadaveric donors (CD) and 82 from living related donors (LRD). All cadaveric kidneys except one were harvested within Saudi Arabia and 67% were from Saudi nationals. The immunosuppresive protocol was a triple drug regimen comprising cyclosporin-A (CyA), azathioprine (Aza), and prednisone. The actuarial graft survival rates at one and three years were 85% and 76% for the cadaveric donor transplants and 96% and 91%, respectively for the living related donor transplants (P<0.01). The corresponding patient survival rates for cadaveric donor transplants (CDTxs) were 97% and 94% and for the living related donor transplants (LRDTxs), 99% and 97% (NS). These results compare well with the best results in the Western world. The most serious surgical complications were vascular thromboses (five cases) and infections of the arterial anastomosis line with bleeding (two cases), all leading to loss of the cadaveric graft. The most common causes of death were virus infection, varicella, cytomegalovirus, and hepatitis B and C. The organ donation rate, from cadaveric donors as well as living related donors, is stil low in Saudi Arabia. Lack of organs is the main obstacle to an expansion of this promising transplantation activity. Continuous education of the multinational medical profession as well as the lay population is necessary to improve the situation. PMID:17589055

Lundgren, G; Al-Furayh, O; Akhtar, M; Barri, Y; Collste, H; Al-Meshari, K; Qunibi, W; Al-Sabban, E; Sanjad, S; Al-Shaibani, K; Sheth, K; Taher, S

1994-01-01

376

Nonshivering thermogenesis and adaptation to fasting in king penguin chicks.  

PubMed

The ability to develop nonshivering thermogenesis (NST) and the effect of fasting on thermogenic response to cold were studied in winter-acclimatized king penguin chicks. Metabolic rate (MR) and integrated electrical muscle activity were measured at different ambient temperatures. In cold-acclimatized (5 degrees C) fed chicks, shivering threshold temperature (STT) was 9.4 degrees C lower than lower critical temperature (LCT), indicating that NST (0.7 W/kg) occurs at moderate cold, whereas in control chicks fed and reared at 25 degrees C for 3 wk, LCT and STT were similar. Chicks reared in the cold and fasting for 3 wk or 4-5 mo (natural winter fast) developed an NST of 0.8 and 2.4 W/kg, respectively, despite the fast. In fasting chicks, the intercept of the metabolic curve with the abscissa at zero MR was far below body temperature, contrasting with the classic model for heat loss. Their low LCT indicates the capacity of a large reduction in convective conductance characteristic of diving animals and allows energy sparing in moderate cold. Below LCT, conductance reincreases progressively, leading to a steeper than expected slope of the metabolic curve and allowing preservation of a threshold temperature in the shell. These results show for the first time in a wild young bird the development of NST after cold acclimatization. Further, at the temperature of cold acclimatization, an energy-sparing mechanism is shown in response to long-term fast adaptation. PMID:2801995

Duchamp, C; Barre, H; Delage, D; Rouanet, J L; Cohen-Adad, F; Minaire, Y

1989-10-01

377

Histopathological investigation of syringomyelia in the Cavalier King Charles spaniel.  

PubMed

Syringomyelia (SM) in Cavalier King Charles spaniels (CKCSs) is identified commonly on magnetic resonance images and is sometimes associated with clinical signs of pain and cervical hyperaesthesia. However, the mechanism by which SM develops in this breed has not been fully elucidated and the associated effects on spinal cord structure have not been reported previously. The aims of this study were to describe changes found in the spinal cord of CKCSs, to compare findings between symptomatic and asymptomatic dogs and to determine whether syrinx formation was associated with tissue destruction. Anomalies of the central canal were found in all specimens and many dogs had grossly visible fluid-filled cavities within the spinal cord. Prominent microscopical findings were spongy degenerative changes associated with neuronal necrosis and Wallerian degeneration. The ependyma was discontinuous in many specimens, notably in symptomatic individuals, and there was evidence of angiogenesis and fibrous tissue proliferation around blood vessels adjacent to syrinx cavities. Compared with two different samples of the normal dog population, dogs with syrinxes had significantly less grey matter, although this decrease was associated with generalized loss of spinal cord area. Therefore, SM is associated with degenerative changes in the spinal cord and may develop through primary disruption of ependymal integrity followed by vascular hypertrophy and proliferation. Glial and fibrous proliferation appears to be associated with expression of clinical signs. PMID:21889166

Hu, H Z; Rusbridge, C; Constantino-Casas, F; Jeffery, N

2011-09-01

378

Magnetometry at Uruk (Iraq): The city of King Gilgamesh  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Uruk (Tell Warka) is one of the most famous sites for the early cultural development at Mesopotamia. The Sumerian city state was also important for the origin of writing and Uruk was the scene of action of mans oldest epic, the famous Epic of Gilgamesh (2600 B.C). During the time of the Sassanides, 400 A.D. the city was given up completely. Today the ruin is dominated by shallow hills and wadis, covered by pottery, mudbricks and slags. The area is totally free of modern buildings and far away from the modern village of Warka. Therefore it is an ideal place for uncompensated cesium magnetometry. The most sensational find was the discovery of a canal system inside the city. Furthermore the magnetogram shows the remains of buildings of the Babylonian type as well as garden structures, a middle Babylonian graveyard and the so called "New Years Temple" of the God Anu or Godess Ischtar. The city wall, which we prospected in a length of more than one kilometer, includes a water gate and is nearly 40 meters broad. From magnetometry it is evident that it was build by burned mudbricks as it was described by the Epic. In the west of the "New Years Temple" in the middle of the former Euphrates river we detected the remains of a building which may be interpreted as a burial. But if this building is the grave of the famous King Gilgamesh as it was described by the Epic of Gilgamesh it must remain speculative.

Fassbinder, J.; Becker, H.; van Ess, M.

2003-04-01

379

Malignancy in renal transplant recipients at king hussein medical center.  

PubMed

The files of 181 patients who underwent kidney transplantation at King Hussein Medical Center between 1983 and 1992 were reviewed to study the incidence and pattern of malignancy in them. Of them, 149 patients (82.3%) were recipients of live related donor allografts while 32 (17.7%) had received cadaveric allografts. Three patients (1.7%) developed malignancy giving an estimated annual incidence for post-transplant malignancy of 17/10,000 kidney transplanted patients. The first patient had squamous cell carcinoma of the nose, the second, Kaposi's sarcoma and the third, Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma involving the retroperitoneal lymph nodes. All these patients were on triple immunosuppressive drug protocol. The malignancies were diagnosed after a mean of 25.6 months following transplantation. The patient with squamous cell carcinoma responded to local excision of the tumor without altering the immunosuppressive therapy. The Kaposi's sarcoma regressed after discontinuation of cyclosporine without any adverse effects on the graft function while the patient with lymphoma died two months after the diagnosis was made. Our study shows that the incidence of malignancy after transplantation in Jordan is similar to what is reported in the literature. PMID:18583747

Al-Akash, N; Gneimat, M; Hadidi, M; El Lozi, M

380

Skywatchers, Shamans & Kings: Astronomy and the Archaeology of Power  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Discover the celestial myths and cosmic rituals of ancient priests and kings . . . Drawing on intimate knowledge of the more than 1,300 ancient sites he has visited, E. C. Krupp, acclaimed writer and preeminent researcher, takes you to the world's essential sacred places and celestial shrines. Join him on a rich narrative journey to see where the rulers of old communed with the gods of the sky. "Highly recommended to everyone interested in the culture of astronomy and those peoples who practiced it in their own ways."-Sky & Telescope "A lively account of the ways in which our ancestors conceived of and used the heavens."-New Scientist "There can be no doubt that this imaginative and readable work by a widely read and widely traveled author will strike a chord in the minds of a great many modern readers."-Isis "The fact that the book is written by an expert in his field comes through on every page, as does his enthusiasm for the subject."-Astronomy Now "Krupp's indispensable volume is fascinating, well-illustrated, and covers much territory."-Parabola

Krupp, E. C.

1999-02-01

381

Evaluation of the physical process controlling beach changes adjacent to nearshore dredge pits  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Numerical modeling of a beach nourishment project is conducted to enable a detailed evaluation of the processes associated with the effects of nearshore dredge pits on nourishment evolution and formation of erosion hot spots. A process-based numerical model, Delft3D, is used for this purpose. The analysis is based on the modification of existing bathymetry to simulate "what if" scenarios with/without the bathymetric features of interest. Borrow pits dredged about 30??years ago to provide sand for the nourishment project have a significant influence on project performance and formation of erosional hot spots. It was found that the main processes controlling beach response to these offshore bathymetric features were feedbacks between wave forces (roller force or alongshore component of the radiation stress), pressure gradients due to differentials in wave set-up/set-down and bed shear stress. Modeling results also indicated that backfilling of selected borrow sites showed a net positive effect within the beach fill limits and caused a reduction in the magnitude of hot spot erosion. ?? 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Benedet, L.; List, J. H.

2008-01-01

382

Habitat use and spatial segregation of adult spottail sharks Carcharhinus sorrah in tropical nearshore waters.  

PubMed

An array of acoustic receivers deployed in Cleveland Bay, north Queensland, Australia, passively tracked 20 adult spottail sharks Carcharhinus sorrah over 2 years (2009-2010) to define patterns in movement and habitat use. Individuals were present in the study site for long periods, ranging from 8 to 408 days (mean = 185). Size and location of home ranges did not vary over time. A high level of segregation occurred among C. sorrah, with individuals using different types of habitat and showing strong attachment to specific regions. The depth of habitat individuals used varied between sexes. Males tended to use a narrow range of habitat depths within the study site (2·8-6·0 m), whereas females used shallower habitats (1·4-6·2 m) and displayed a seasonal shift in the depth of habitat used. Mean monthly habitat depth used varied by as much as 2 m for females, with individuals using shallower habitats during the winter months. Long-term presence and consistent home ranges suggest that Cleveland Bay provides important habitat for C. sorrah. By defining patterns in the use of nearshore habitats for C. sorrah, this study improves the understanding of the movement and habitat use of smaller-bodied coastal sharks and may help provide guidance for the management of their populations. PMID:22471798

Knip, D M; Heupel, M R; Simpfendorfer, C A

2012-03-02

383

The comparative fate of chemically dispersed and untreated oils in an Arctic nearshore environment  

SciTech Connect

The distribution and environmental fate of petroleum hydrocarbons introduced into the nearshore environment of Cape Hatt, Baffin Island, Canada, during two controlled experimental discharges of a Venezuelan (Lagomedio) crude oil have been studied. An analytical program based on a combination of ultraviolet/fluorescence studies, high resolution gas chromatography, and computer-assisted gas chromatographic mass spectrometry has been used to examine several hundred oil, seawater, sediment, sediment trap, surface floc, and benthic animal (seven species) samples to determine the distribution, transport, and weathering of oil spilled in two scenarios: as untreated oil on the surface and as chemically dispersed oil discharged below the surface. Conclusions are drawn about the weathering of oil in the two scenarios, transport of low and high molecular weight hydrocarbons into the water column and their persistence, the sedimentation of oil, the incorporation of oil into the sediment via sedimentation onto the surface floc and direct penetration of the sediment/ water interface, and the uptake and depuration of untreated and chemically dispersed oils by seven species of filter feeders and deposit feeders in the subtidal benthos.

Boehm, P.D.

1982-10-01

384

Delayed upwelling alters nearshore coastal ocean ecosystems in the northern California current  

PubMed Central

Wind-driven coastal ocean upwelling supplies nutrients to the euphotic zone near the coast. Nutrients fuel the growth of phytoplankton, the base of a very productive coastal marine ecosystem [Pauly D, Christensen V (1995) Nature 374:255–257]. Because nutrient supply and phytoplankton biomass in shelf waters are highly sensitive to variation in upwelling-driven circulation, shifts in the timing and strength of upwelling may alter basic nutrient and carbon fluxes through marine food webs. We show how a 1-month delay in the 2005 spring transition to upwelling-favorable wind stress in the northern California Current Large Marine Ecosystem resulted in numerous anomalies: warm water, low nutrient levels, low primary productivity, and an unprecedented low recruitment of rocky intertidal organisms. The delay was associated with 20- to 40-day wind oscillations accompanying a southward shift of the jet stream. Early in the upwelling season (May–July) off Oregon, the cumulative upwelling-favorable wind stress was the lowest in 20 years, nearshore surface waters averaged 2°C warmer than normal, surf-zone chlorophyll-a and nutrients were 50% and 30% less than normal, respectively, and densities of recruits of mussels and barnacles were reduced by 83% and 66%, respectively. Delayed early-season upwelling and stronger late-season upwelling are consistent with predictions of the influence of global warming on coastal upwelling regions.

Barth, John A.; Menge, Bruce A.; Lubchenco, Jane; Chan, Francis; Bane, John M.; Kirincich, Anthony R.; McManus, Margaret A.; Nielsen, Karina J.; Pierce, Stephen D.; Washburn, Libe

2007-01-01

385

Evaluation of a numerical model for wave- and wind-induced nearshore circulation using field data  

SciTech Connect

Results from a two-dimensional numerical model for nearshore circulation induced by waves and wind are compared with observations made during two storms at a beach on Lake Michigan. Model input data include bathymetry, offshore wave characteristics, wind histories, and local changes in water level. The locations of the breaker zone predicted by the model are in rough accord wih those observed during the storms. The data gathered for comparison with model results include wave and current observations across the surf zone, especially those acquired by towing an instrumented sled. Comparisons show that the model often predicts peak currents near the breaker zone quite well but underestimates the decay of wave height and the strength of longshore currents across the surf zone. Nearly uniform profiles of longshore currents in the surf zone were observed at times during each storm but are not produced in model simulations. These occurrences are thought to be related to the bar-trough beach structure prevalent in this study. Wave breaking on the bar-trough beach structure apparently is not well represented by the model. 19 refs., 38 figs., 3 tabs.

Allender, J.H.; Ditmars, J.D.; Frigo, A.A.; Paddock, R.A.

1981-08-01

386

Molecular Characterization of Potential Microcystin-Producing Cyanobacteria in Lake Ontario Embayments and Nearshore Waters?  

PubMed Central

The distribution and genotypic variation of potential microcystin (MC) producers along the southern and eastern shores of Lake Ontario in 2001 and 2003 were examined using a suite of PCR primers. Cyanobacterial, Microcystis sp., and Microcystis-specific toxin primer sets identified shoreline distribution of cyanobacterial DNA (in 97% of the stations) and MC synthetase genes (in 50% of the stations). Sequence analysis of a partial mcyA amplicon targeting Microcystis, Anabaena, and Planktothrix species indicated that the Microcystis sp. genotype was the dominant MC genotype present and revealed a novel Microcystis-like sequence containing a 6-bp insert. Analysis of the same samples with genus-specific mcyE primers confirmed that the Microcystis sp. genotype was the dominant potential MC producer. Genotype compositions within embayments were relatively homogenous compared to those for shoreline and tributary samples. MC concentrations along the shoreline exhibited both temporal and spatial differences as evidenced by the protein phosphatase inhibition assay, at times exceeding the World Health Organization guideline value for drinking water of 1.0 ?g MC-LReq liter?1. MC genotypes are widespread along the New York State shoreline of Lake Ontario, appear to originate nearshore, and can be carried through the lake via wind and surface water current patterns.

Hotto, A. M.; Satchwell, M. F.; Boyer, G. L.

2007-01-01

387

Mapping of Submerged Aquatic Vegetation Using Autonomous Underwater Vehicles in Nearshore Regions  

SciTech Connect

The use of an autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) equipped with sidescan sonar was investigated for determining the boundaries of nearshore submerged aquatic vegetation beds, specifically eelgrass (Zostera marina). Shifts in eelgrass bed morphology, size, and distribution are used as indicators in monitoring programs to measure the impacts of coastal development and environmental stressors on eelgrass and to establish the efficacy of restoration programs. However, many monitoring programs necessarily extend over multiple-year time periods. Therefore, techniques that are easily reproducible, accurate, and cost-effective can demonstrate distinct advantages over some of the more traditional and labor-intensive methods, such as diver assessments and transects of shoot counts. Remote monitoring of eelgrass beds using satellite and aerial imagery has been demonstrated with moderate success, but requires groundtruthing, which can be costly and which frequently cannot delineate the deeper boundaries of eelgrass beds. One possible means for low-cost mapping is the use of AUVs equipped with acoustic imaging hardware. AUVs provide an ideal platform, because they can be deployed by small teams (two people), they are highly maneuverable, they can cover large areas over a relatively short time period (3knot operational speed), and they are equipped with multiple oceanographic instruments for correlated data collection. This paper describes the use of sidescan-equipped AUV technology deployed over multiple time periods at the same location where imagery of eelgrass beds was obtained and analyzed for comparative purposes.

Jones, Mark E.; Miller, Lee M.; Woodruff, Dana L.; Ewert, Daniel W.

2007-10-02

388

Geochemical behavior of 210Pb and 210Po in the nearshore waters off western Taiwan.  

PubMed

Dissolved and particulate (210)Pb and (210)Po were determined at 15 stations along the coastline off western Taiwan in April 2007. The (210)Pb activities in dissolved and particulate phases fell within a relatively small range of 2.4-5.2 dpm 100 L(-1) and 1.0-3.2 dpm 100 L(-1), respectively. The dissolved and particulate (210)Po activities also fell within a small range of 0.8-3.4 dpm 100 L(-1) and 1.1-2.9 dpm 100 L(-1), respectively. The correlation of the distribution coefficients (K(d)) of (210)Pb and (210)Po with particle concentration in turbid waters are not as evident as in the open ocean. The mass balance calculation shows that the residence times of (210)Pb and (210)Po with respect to particle removal from the nearshore waters ranges from 3 to 15 days and from 14 to 125 days, respectively. The flux of particulate organic carbon was estimated by (210)Po proxy and ranged from 4.8 to 33.7 mmol-C m(-2) d(-1). PMID:22206721

Wei, Ching-Ling; Lin, Shiao-Yu; Wen, Liang-Saw; Sheu, David D-D

2011-12-27

389

Structure-function relationship of king cobra cathelicidin.  

PubMed

King cobra cathelicidin (OH-CATH) is composed of 34 amino acid residues having strong antibacterial and very weak hemolytic activities as reported by us recently. OH-CATH can be served as a valuable template to develop novel therapeutic drugs. In this study, OH-CATH and six of its analogs were synthesized to explore their structure-function relationships based on their bactericidal and hemolytic activities. Experimental results of OH-CATH(3-34) and OH-CATH(5-34) indicated that the N-terminal 4 amino acid residues of OH-CATH played an important role on its hemolytic activity but had weak effects on its bactericidal activity. Among OH-CATH and its analogs, OH-CATH(5-34) had the lowest hemolytic activity while maintained strong antimicrobial activity. To evaluate its potential usage, the biological activities of OH-CATH(5-34) were compared with those of pexiganan. The bactericidal activity of OH-CATH(5-34) against 5 different species (11 laboratory strains) was 2-4 times stronger than that of pexiganan (4-16 microg/ml vs 8-32 microg/ml). Hemolytic activity of OH-CATH(5-34) against human erythrocytes was 0.69% while that of pexiganan was 16.5% at the dosage of 200 microg/ml. OH-CATH(5-34) showed very weak cytotoxic activities against primary rabbit ventricular endothelial cells and four human cancer cell lines whereas pexiganan showed strong cytotoxic activity against these five cell lines (IC(50)=20-90 microg/ml). The intravenous LD(50) value of OH-CATH(5-34) on mice was 7-fold higher than that of pexiganan (175 mg/kg vs 25mg/kg). Taken together, our results suggested that OH-CATH(5-34) should be considered as an excellent candidate for developing therapeutic drugs. PMID:20576537

Zhang, Yong; Zhao, Hui; Yu, Guo-Yu; Liu, Xiao-Dong; Shen, Ji-Hong; Lee, Wen-Hui; Zhang, Yun

2010-05-16

390

King penguins adjust their diving behaviour with age.  

PubMed

Increasing experience in long-lived species is fundamental to improving breeding success and ultimately individual fitness. Diving efficiency of marine animals is primarily determined by their physiological and mechanical characteristics. This efficiency may be apparent via examination of biomechanical performance (e.g. stroke frequency and amplitude, change in buoyancy or body angle, etc.), which itself may be modulated according to resource availability, particularly as a function of depth. We investigated how foraging and diving abilities vary with age in a long-lived seabird. During two breeding seasons, small accelerometers were deployed on young (5 year old) and older (8/9 year old) brooding king penguins (Aptenodytes patagonicus) at the Crozet Archipelago, Indian Ocean. We used partial dynamic body acceleration (PDBA) to quantify body movement during dive and estimate diving cost. During the initial part of the descent, older birds exerted more effort for a given speed but younger penguins worked harder in relation to performance at greater depths. Younger birds also worked harder per unit speed for virtually the whole of the ascent. We interpret these differences using a model that takes into account the upthrust and drag to which the birds are subjected during the dive. From this, we suggest that older birds inhale more at the surface but that an increase in the drag coefficient is the factor leading to the increased effort to swim at a given speed by the younger birds at greater depths. We propose that this higher drag may be the result of young birds adopting less hydrodynamic postures or less direct trajectories when swimming or even having a plumage in poorer condition. PMID:23053365

Le Vaillant, Maryline; Wilson, Rory P; Kato, Akiko; Saraux, Claire; Hanuise, Nicolas; Prud'homme, Onésime; Le Maho, Yvon; Le Bohec, Céline; Ropert-Coudert, Yan

2012-11-01

391

Residency Training: The King-Devick test and sleep deprivation  

PubMed Central

Objective: The current study investigates the effect of sleep deprivation on the speed and accuracy of eye movements as measured by the King-Devick (K-D) test, a <1-minute test that involves rapid number naming. Methods: In this cohort study, neurology residents and staff from the University of Pennsylvania Health System underwent baseline followed by postcall K-D testing (n = 25); those not taking call (n = 10) also completed baseline and follow-up K-D testing. Differences in the times and errors between baseline and follow-up K-D scores were compared between the 2 groups. Results: Residents taking call had less improvement from baseline K-D times when compared to participants not taking call (p < 0.0001, Wilcoxon rank sum test). For both groups, the change in K-D time from baseline was correlated to amount of sleep obtained (rs = ?0.50, p = 0.002) and subjective evaluation of level of alertness (rs = 0.33, p = 0.05) but had no correlation to time since last caffeine consumption (rs = ?0.13, p = 0.52). For those residents on their actual call night, the duration of sleep obtained did not correlate with change in K-D scores from baseline (rs = 0.13, p = 0.54). Conclusions: The K-D test is sensitive to the effects of sleep deprivation on cognitive functioning, including rapid eye movements, concentration, and language function. As with other measures of sleep deprivation, K-D performance demonstrated significant interindividual variability in vulnerability to sleep deprivation. Severe fatigue appears to reduce the degree of improvement typically observed in K-D testing.

Davies, Emma C.; Henderson, Sam; Galetta, Steven L.

2012-01-01

392

County Amenities and Net Migration  

Microsoft Academic Search

U.S. county-level net migration data and a general spatial model are used to examine the effects of various amenities on migration decisions. Results suggest that higher county cancer risks and the presence of superfund sites in a county, or a higher ranking on the Environmental Protection Agency's hazard ranking system, reduce the relative attractiveness of a county to prospective migrants,

Anil Rupasingha; Stephan J. Goetz

2004-01-01

393

Seasonal aspects of the biology and diet of nearshore nototheniid fish at Potter Cove, South Shetland Islands, Antarctica  

Microsoft Academic Search

Approximately 1000 specimens belonging to eight fish species were collected at Potter Cove, King George Island, South Shetland Islands, from August 1985 to May 1986. This study deals with the dominant species Notothenia neglecta, Notothenia gibberifrons, Trematomus newnesi and Notothenia rossii marmorata. Age and size structure of the fish were analyzed using scale and otolith readings. Notothenia neglecta was the

R. J. Casaux; A. S. Mazzotta; E. R. Barrera-Oro

1990-01-01

394

Investigation of Coastal Hydrogeology Utilizing Geophysical and Geochemical Tools along the Broward County Coast, Florida  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Geophysical (CHIRP, boomer, and continuous direct-current resistivity) and geochemical tracer studies (continuous and time-series 222Radon) were conducted along the Broward County coast from Port Everglades to Hillsboro Inlet, Florida. Simultaneous seismic, direct-current resistivity, and radon surveys in the coastal waters provided information to characterize the geologic framework and identify potential groundwater-discharge sites. Time-series radon at the Nova Southeastern University National Coral Reef Institute (NSU/NCRI) seawall indicated a very strong tidally modulated discharge of ground water with 222Rn activities ranging from 4 to 10 disintegrations per minute per liter depending on tidal stage. CHIRP seismic data provided very detailed bottom profiles (i.e., bathymetry); however, acoustic penetration was poor and resulted in no observed subsurface geologic structure. Boomer data, on the other hand, showed features that are indicative of karst, antecedent topography (buried reefs), and sand-filled troughs. Continuous resistivity profiling (CRP) data showed slight variability in the subsurface along the coast. Subtle changes in subsurface resistivity between nearshore (higher values) and offshore (lower values) profiles may indicate either a freshening of subsurface water nearshore or a change in sediment porosity or lithology. Further lithologic and hydrologic controls from sediment or rock cores or well data are needed to constrain the variability in CRP data.

Reich, Christopher D.; Swarzenski, Peter W.; Greenwood, W. Jason; Wiese, Dana S.

2008-01-01

395

Nearshore Processes, Currents and Directional Wave Spectra Monitoring Using Coherent and Non-coherent Imaging Radars  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Two new radar systems have been developed for real-time measurement of near-shore processes, and results are presented for measurements of ocean wave spectra, near-shore sand bar structure, and ocean currents. The first is a non-coherent radar based on a modified version of the Sitex radar family, with a data acquisition system designed around an ISR digital receiver card. The card operates in a PC computer with inputs from a Sitex radar modified for extraction of analogue signals for digitization. Using a 9' antenna and 25 kW transmit power system, data were collected during 2007 at the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Field Research Facility (FRF), Duck, NC during winter and spring of 2007. The directional wave spectrum measurements made are based on using a sequence of 64 to 640 antenna rotations to form a snapshot series of radar images of propagating waves. A square window is extracted from each image, typically 64 x 64 pixels at 3-m resolution. Then ten sets of 64 windows are submitted to a three-dimensional Fast Fourier Transform process to generate radar image spectra in the frequency-wavenumber space. The relation between the radar image spectral intensity and wave spectral intensity derived from the FRF pressure gauge array was used for a test set of data, in order to establish a modulation transfer function (MTF) for each frequency component. For 640 rotations, 10 of such spectra are averaged for improved statistics. The wave spectrum so generated was compared for extended data sets beyond those used to establish the MTF, and those results are presented here. Some differences between the radar and pressure sensor data that are observed are found to be due to the influence of the wind field, as the radar echo image weakens for light winds. A model is developed to account for such an effect to improve the radar estimate of the directional wave spectrum. The radar ocean wave imagery is severely influenced only by extremely heavy rain-fall rates, so that acceptable quality were assured for most weather conditions on a diurnal basis using a modest tower height. A new coherent microwave radar has recently been developed by ISR and preliminary testing was conducted in the spring of 2007. The radar is based on the Quadrapus four-channel transceiver card, mixed up to microwave frequencies for pulse transmission and back down to base-band for reception. We use frequency-modulated pulse compression methods to obtain 3-m spatial resolution. A standard marine radar pedestal is used to house the microwave components, and rotating radar PPI images similar to marine radar images are obtained. Many of the methods used for the marine radar system have been transferred to the coherent imaging radar. New processing methods applied to the coherent data allow summing of radial velocity images to map mean currents in the near shore zone, such as rip currents. A pair of such radars operating with a few hundred meter separation can be used to map vector currents continuously in the near shore zone and in harbors on a timely basis. Results of preliminary testing of the system will be presented.

Trizna, D.; Hathaway, K.

2007-05-01

396

Comparing quality of estuarine and nearshore intertidal habitats for Carcinus maenas  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Estuarine and nearshore marine areas are vital habitats for several fish and benthic invertebrates. The shore crab Carcinus maenas (Crustacea: Brachyura: Portunidae) inhabits a variety of coastal, estuarine and lagoon habitats. At low tide, habitat structural complexity may be most important for crabs in the intertidal, providing refuge from predation and desiccation. The quality of different vegetated and nonvegetated estuarine and rocky shore habitats in SW Portugal and SW England was evaluated for intertidal C. maenas populations. We estimated population density, size-structure, and potential growth (RNA/DNA ratios) to investigate habitat quality. Vegetated estuarine habitats supported higher crab densities, than nonvegetated estuarine and rocky shore habitats. Investigation of population size-structure revealed that all habitats seem important recruitment and nursery areas although estuarine habitats in SW Portugal appeared to support higher densities of new recruits than equivalent habitats in SW England. Significant variation was found in RNA/DNA ratios among habitats. Ratios were highest in the rocky shore suggesting a high quality habitat where growth potential is high. We speculate that competition from other top-predators ( Pachygrapsus spp.) rather than low habitat quality may limit the occurrence of C. maenas in intertidal rocky shore habitats in SW Portugal. In estuarine environments RNA/DNA ratios were significantly higher in the vegetated than in the nonvegetated estuarine habitats in SW Portugal but not in SW England, suggesting geographic differences in the extent to which highly structure habitats represent high quality. Our results challenge the current paradigm that structured habitats are necessarily those of higher quality for C. maenas.

Amaral, Valter; Cabral, Henrique N.; Jenkins, Stuart; Hawkins, Stephen; Paula, José

2009-06-01

397

Nearshore Fish Distributions in an Alaskan Estuary in Relation to Stratification, Temperature and Salinity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Fish were sampled with beach seines and small-meshed beam trawls in nearshore (<1 km) and shallow (<25 m) habitats on the southern coast of Kachemak Bay, Cook Inlet, Alaska, from June to August, 1996-1998. Fish distributions among habitats were analysed for species composition, catch-per-unit-effort (CPUE) and frequency of occurrence. Two oceanographically distinct areas of Kachemak Bay were sampled and compared: the Outer Bay and the Inner Bay. Outer Kachemak Bay is exposed and receives oceanic, upwelled water from the Gulf of Alaska, whereas the Inner Bay is more estuarine. Thermohaline properties of bottom water in the Outer and Inner Bay were essentially the same, whereas the Inner Bay water-column was stratified with warmer, less saline waters near the surface. Distribution and abundance of pelagic schooling fish corresponded with area differences in stratification, temperature and salinity. The Inner Bay supported more species and higher densities of schooling and demersal fish than the Outer Bay. Schooling fish communities sampled by beach seine differed between the Outer and Inner Bays. Juvenile and adult Pacific sand lance ( Ammodytes hexapterus), Pacific herring ( Clupea harengus pallasi), osmerids (Osmeridae) and sculpins (Cottidae) were all more abundant in the Inner Bay. Gadids (Gadidae) were the only schooling fish taxa more abundant in the Outer Bay. Thermohaline characteristics of bottom water were similar throughout Kachemak Bay. Correspondingly, bottom fish communities were similar in all areas. Relative abundances (CPUE) were not significantly different between areas for any of the five demersal fish groups: flatfishes (Pleuronectidae), ronquils (Bathymasteridae), sculpins (Cottidae), gadids (Gadidae) and pricklebacks (Stichaeidae).

Abookire, A. A.; Piatt, J. F.; Robards, M. D.

2000-07-01

398

Determination of Nearshore Surface Slope Field and Wave Heights Using Optical Polarimetry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In order to gain an accurate, predictive modeling capability for nearshore dynamics, it is necessary to be able to measure the heights of waves. We are developing a technique to do this remotely, by exploiting the polarization properties of light reflected from the ocean surface. A polarization camera was built for the purposes of laboratory testing, and was calibrated to determine filter orientations and to correct for gain differences between pixels, lens distortion, and slightly varying fields of view of the four component cameras before being used in laboratory tests. The camera’s ability to determine degree and azimuth of linear polarization (DOLP and AOLP), from which sea surface slope and, in turn, wave height can be determined, was then tested by comparing calculated polarization parameters to known conditions created by an external polarizer. While error in DOLP could not be precisely quantified without further tests, we found that we could determine AOLP to within one degree. Following this, the camera was used to make measurements of known wave conditions at the Hinsdale Wave Research Laboratory at Oregon State University. Incident band waves were isolated from noise and high-frequency chop using spectral processing of time series of AOLP values at individual pixels. The processed signals were then used to make estimates of surface slope and wave amplitude, which were compared to ground-truth data from electric and acoustic wave height sensors installed at the wave tank. While further analysis is necessary to fully demonstrate and quantify the accuracy of this technique, we have confidence in our ability to measure wave height based on the preliminary results obtained.

Russotto, R. D.; Holman, R. A.; Stanley, J.; Palmsten, M. L.

2010-12-01

399

Aspects of benthic decapod diversity and distribution from rocky nearshore habitat at geographically widely dispersed sites.  

PubMed

Relationships of diversity, distribution and abundance of benthic decapods in intertidal and shallow subtidal waters to 10 m depth are explored based on data obtained using a standardized protocol of globally-distributed samples. Results indicate that decapod species richness overall is low within the nearshore, typically ranging from one to six taxa per site (mean?=?4.5). Regionally the Gulf of Alaska decapod crustacean community structure was distinguishable by depth, multivariate analysis indicating increasing change with depth, where assemblages of the high and mid tide, low tide and 1 m, and 5 and 10 m strata formed three distinct groups. Univariate analysis showed species richness increasing from the high intertidal zone to 1 m subtidally, with distinct depth preferences among the 23 species. A similar depth trend but with peak richness at 5 m was observed when all global data were combined. Analysis of latitudinal trends, confined by data limitations, was equivocal on a global scale. While significant latitudinal differences existed in community structure among ecoregions, a semi-linear trend in changing community structure from the Arctic to lower latitudes did not hold when including tropical results. Among boreal regions the Canadian Atlantic was relatively species poor compared to the Gulf of Alaska, whereas the Caribbean and Sea of Japan appeared to be species hot spots. While species poor, samples from the Canadian Atlantic were the most diverse at the higher infraordinal level. Linking 11 environmental variables available for all sites to the best fit family-based biotic pattern showed a significant relationship, with the single best explanatory variable being the level of organic pollution and the best combination overall being organic pollution and primary productivity. While data limitations restrict conclusions in a global context, results are seen as a first-cut contribution useful in generating discussion and more in-depth work in the still poorly understood field of biodiversity distribution. PMID:21533220

Pohle, Gerhard; Iken, Katrin; Clarke, K Robert; Trott, Thomas; Konar, Brenda; Cruz-Motta, Juan José; Wong, Melisa; Benedetti-Cecchi, Lisandro; Mead, Angela; Miloslavich, Patricia; Mieszkowska, Nova; Milne, Rebecca; Tamburello, Laura; Knowlton, Ann; Kimani, Edward; Shirayama, Yoshihisa

2011-04-14

400

Aspects of Benthic Decapod Diversity and Distribution from Rocky Nearshore Habitat at Geographically Widely Dispersed Sites  

PubMed Central

Relationships of diversity, distribution and abundance of benthic decapods in intertidal and shallow subtidal waters to 10 m depth are explored based on data obtained using a standardized protocol of globally-distributed samples. Results indicate that decapod species richness overall is low within the nearshore, typically ranging from one to six taxa per site (mean?=?4.5). Regionally the Gulf of Alaska decapod crustacean community structure was distinguishable by depth, multivariate analysis indicating increasing change with depth, where assemblages of the high and mid tide, low tide and 1 m, and 5 and 10 m strata formed three distinct groups. Univariate analysis showed species richness increasing from the high intertidal zone to 1 m subtidally, with distinct depth preferences among the 23 species. A similar depth trend but with peak richness at 5 m was observed when all global data were combined. Analysis of latitudinal trends, confined by data limitations, was equivocal on a global scale. While significant latitudinal differences existed in community structure among ecoregions, a semi-linear trend in changing community structure from the Arctic to lower latitudes did not hold when including tropical results. Among boreal regions the Canadian Atlantic was relatively species poor compared to the Gulf of Alaska, whereas the Caribbean and Sea of Japan appeared to be species hot spots. While species poor, samples from the Canadian Atlantic were the most diverse at the higher infraordinal level. Linking 11 environmental variables available for all sites to the best fit family-based biotic pattern showed a significant relationship, with the single best explanatory variable being the level of organic pollution and the best combination overall being organic pollution and primary productivity. While data limitations restrict conclusions in a global context, results are seen as a first-cut contribution useful in generating discussion and more in-depth work in the still poorly understood field of biodiversity distribution.

Pohle, Gerhard; Iken, Katrin; Clarke, K. Robert; Trott, Thomas; Konar, Brenda; Cruz-Motta, Juan Jose; Wong, Melisa; Benedetti-Cecchi, Lisandro; Mead, Angela; Miloslavich, Patricia; Mieszkowska, Nova; Milne, Rebecca; Tamburello, Laura; Knowlton, Ann; Kimani, Edward; Shirayama, Yoshihisa

2011-01-01

401

Coral colonisation of an artificial reef in a turbid nearshore environment, Dampier Harbour, western Australia.  

PubMed

A 0.6 hectare artificial reef of local rock and recycled concrete sleepers was constructed in December 2006 at Parker Point in the industrial port of Dampier, western Australia, with the aim of providing an environmental offset for a nearshore coral community lost to land reclamation. Corals successfully colonised the artificial reef, despite the relatively harsh environmental conditions at the site (annual water temperature range 18-32°C, intermittent high turbidity, frequent cyclones, frequent nearby ship movements). Coral settlement to the artificial reef was examined by terracotta tile deployments, and later stages of coral community development were examined by in-situ visual surveys within fixed 25 x 25 cm quadrats on the rock and concrete substrates. Mean coral density on the tiles varied from 113 ± 17 SE to 909 ± 85 SE per m(2) over five deployments, whereas mean coral density in the quadrats was only 6.0 ± 1.0 SE per m(2) at eight months post construction, increasing to 24.0 ± 2.1 SE per m(2) at 62 months post construction. Coral taxa colonising the artificial reef were a subset of those on the surrounding natural reef, but occurred in different proportions--Pseudosiderastrea tayami, Mycedium elephantotus and Leptastrea purpurea being disproportionately abundant on the artificial reef. Coral cover increased rapidly in the later stages of the study, reaching 2.3 ± 0.7 SE % at 62 months post construction. This study indicates that simple materials of opportunity can provide a suitable substrate for coral recruitment in Dampier Harbour, and that natural colonisation at the study site remains sufficient to initiate a coral community on artificial substrate despite ongoing natural and anthropogenic perturbations. PMID:24040405

Blakeway, David; Byers, Michael; Stoddart, James; Rossendell, Jason

2013-09-10

402

Tectonic controls on nearshore sediment accumulation and submarine canyon morphology offshore La Jolla, Southern California  

USGS Publications Warehouse

CHIRP seismic and swath bathymetry data acquired offshore La Jolla, California provide an unprecedented three-dimensional view of the La Jolla and Scripps submarine canyons. Shore-parallel patterns of tectonic deformation appear to control nearshore sediment thickness and distribution around the canyons. These shore-parallel patterns allow the impact of local tectonic deformation to be separated from the influence of eustatic sea-level fluctuations. Based on stratal geometry and acoustic character, we identify a prominent angular unconformity inferred to be the transgressive surface and three sedimentary sequences: an acoustically laminated estuarine unit deposited during early transgression, an infilling or "healing-phase" unit formed during the transgression, and an upper transparent unit. Beneath the transgressive surface, steeply dipping reflectors with several dip reversals record faulting and folding along the La Jolla margin. Scripps Canyon is located at the crest of an antiform, where the rocks are fractured and more susceptible to erosion. La Jolla Canyon is located along the northern strand of the Rose Canyon Fault Zone, which separates Cretaceous lithified rocks to the south from poorly cemented Eocene sands and gravels to the north. Isopach and structure contour maps of the three sedimentary units reveal how their thicknesses and spatial distributions relate to regional tectonic deformation. For example, the estuarine unit is predominantly deposited along the edges of the canyons in paleotopographic lows that may have been inlets along barrier beaches during the Holocene sea-level rise. The distribution of the infilling unit is controlled by pre-existing relief that records tectonic deformation and erosional processes. The thickness and distribution of the upper transparent unit are controlled by long-wavelength, tectonically induced relief on the transgressive surface and hydrodynamics. ?? 2009 Elsevier B.V.

Le, Dantec, N.; Hogarth, L. J.; Driscoll, N. W.; Babcock, J. M.; Barnhardt, W. A.; Schwab, W. C.

2010-01-01

403

Linear Scour Depressions or Bedforms? Using Interferometric Sonar to Investigate Nearshore Sediment Transport  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A series of ambiguous features on the seafloor off the coast of Provincetown, Massachusetts USA has been identified in two bathymetric lidar surveys (2007, 2010) conducted by the US Army Corps of Engineers. Similar features in the area have been described as linear scour depressions by other investigators, but at deeper water depths. These features exhibit some of the characteristics of bedforms, they have migrated tens of meters and maintained similar 3 dimensional morphologies. However, what would be described as the slipface more closely resembles the updrift face of a linear scour depression. The features are in relatively shallow water (9 - 15 m), are 150 - 200 m long, have spacings of 100 - 150 m and are 5-6 m in height. Further investigations are being undertaken to better understand these features and nearshore sediment transport in the area. The features appear along a high energy, accreting coast with both strong wave-driven sediment flux and tidal currents. Mapping of the study area with an interferometric sonar system, which collects coincident swath bathymetry and acoustic backscatter imagery, is ongoing. Interferometric sonar increases bathymetric swath width to depth ratios, in comparison to multibeam systems, and expedites data collection by reducing costs, vessel-time and hazards associated with navigating shallow waters. In addition, sediment grab samples and a series of seismic reflection profiles will also be collected in the area to ground-truth acoustic imagery and provide a subsurface framework for the features, respectively. These datasets will allow investigators to better document bottom conditions, estimate flow velocities needed to create these features and improve our understanding of sediment transport processes and pathways in the area.

Borrelli, M.; Giese, G. S.; Dingman, S. L.; Gontz, A. M.; Adams, M. B.; Norton, A. R.; Brown, T. L.

2011-12-01

404

Seismic-core integration of nearshore-onshore New Jersey early Miocene sequences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Lower Miocene sequences on the New Jersey margin provide excellent examples of prograding seismic clinoform geometry. Drilling both onshore and offshore has sampled updip and downdip locations 10's of km from intervening clinoform rollover points observed in high-resolution MCS profiles. This unsampled interval, where sequences are thickest and best developed, has been imaged using Lamont-Doherty's HiRes MCS seismic system aboard the R/V Cape Hatteras during cruise CH0698, and is the target for a future IODP Mission Specific Platform Expedition. The CH0698 profiles reveal clinoform geometries dominated by deltaic sedimentation that varies along strike. Distribution of seismic sequences is illustrated by 10 isopachs maps and agrees with the wave-dominated deltaic coasts implied by the lithologic character of onshore drillcores. Seismic data indicates variations in accommodation space caused localized sequence cutout and amalgamation such that all seismic sequences do not project to each onshore well. Seismic data further outlines more sequences than were initially detected in onshore wells. Detailed well analysis recently completed by Browning et al (in press) has resulted in close agreement between the nature and number of sequences implied by onshore core lithology and offshore seismic geometry. Using borehole geophysical logs we have tied the onshore wells into older, poorly sampled offshore wells within the nearshore seismic grid. All well data has been converted from depth to travel time and tied to the seismic data. This has led to our predicting the age and facies of features within well-developed lower Miocene clinoforms that we expect will be sampled by a soon-to-be-scheduled IODP expedition.

Monteverde, D. H.; Miller, K. G.; Mountain, G. S.; Browning, J. V.

2005-12-01

405

Video observations of nearshore bar behaviour. Part 2: alongshore non-uniform variability  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A considerable portion of the variability in nearshore sandbars is related to changes in the plan shape of quasi-rhythmic alongshore non-uniform features, such as rip channels and crescentic shapes. These changes may include changes in their alongshore length, cross-shore amplitude and alongshore position. Here, we use complex empirical orthogonal eigenfunction analysis to quantify these changes from a 3.4-year data set of almost daily time-exposure images of the double-barred coast at Noordwijk (Netherlands). The observed alongshore non-uniform features had alongshore lengths between 380 and approximately 3000 m and lifetimes in the order of months, considerably longer than the characteristic time scale of individual wave events. Transitions from one feature to another were mostly gradual, resulting from an alongshore differential growth in amplitude. Abrupt transitions, that is, the existing features disappeared entirely and were subsequently replaced by different features, were barely observed and did not always take place during high-energy wave events. The amplitude of the non-uniform features varied between 0 and 30 m on a weekly to monthly scale, unrelated to variations in the wave height. In addition, the features migrated back and forth along the shore with typical rates of O(10 m/ day) on weekly scales with the rates increasing with an increase in the alongshore component of the wave power. On the whole our observations suggest that alongshore non-uniform sandbar variability is governed by free behaviour rather than by the direct forcing of the prevailing wave conditions.

van Enckevort, I. M. J.; Ruessink, B. G.

2003-03-01

406

210Po and 210Pb distributions and residence times in the nearshore region of Lake Superior  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The naturally occurring radionuclide, 210Pb, and its decay daughter, 210Po, were measured in the Keweenaw Peninsula region of Lake Superior. Water, suspended particles, sediment trap material (settling particles), and sediment cores and grab samples were collected along three transects that stretched from 1 to 20 km from shore. Departures from secular equilibrium (activity ratio of 210Po:210Pb = 1) were observed for most samples. 210Po-deficiency was observed in both suspended particles (TSP) with a ratio of 0.43 ± 0.05 (±95% confidence interval (CI)) and settling particles with a ratio of 0.57 ± 0.04; higher ratios in the settling particles resulted from an admixture of resuspended sediments. Ratios in the dissolved phase were 0.45 ± 0.12. Approximately 83% and 85% of total 210Po and 210Pb in the water column was in the particulate phase. No evidence of biological uptake of Po was found. Seasonal and spatial variability in activities and ratios was small. Using steady state solutions to the mass balance equations for both isotopes, similar residence times in the water column were calculated for 210Po and 210Pb (55 ˜ 75 days in a 150-m-deep water column). It was possible to calibrate a one-box model for the paired isotopes so that the model output closely matched rates of sediment and isotope resuspension estimated from sediment traps. However, this calibration required a fractionation of the isotopes during resuspension. The particle settling velocity was estimated to be 2.3 m d-1, which also is in agreement with the estimate (2.4 ± 2.2 m d-1) from sediment traps. These results indicate rapid fluxes of radioisotopes and sediments through the water column largely driven by resuspension of sediments in nearshore areas.

Chai, Yingtao; Urban, Noel R.

2004-10-01

407

Survey of the state of the art in near-shore pipeline location and burial assessment  

SciTech Connect

Project's objective is to evaluate state-of-the-art methods for locating pipelines in shallow (less than 15 ft) water and for determining and monitoring their burial depths. The following recommendations are made on the research needed in three areas for locating near-shore, shallowly buried pipelines: (1) Sensors: The pipeline industry has selected the magnetic gradiometer array (GA) as a preferred sensor method. Other potential methods exist as backups. No additional research is recommended. (2) Remotely Operated Vehicles (ROVs): The Pipeline Research Committee is pursuing development of a prototype ROV is deliver the GA or other similar equipment to pipeline locations. (3) Phenomena: The data being collected from research on the phenomena affecting seabed conditions and the bathymetric data being collected along the Gulf Coast should be synthesized. This new effort should focus on identifying erosion-prone areas with respect to present and potential future pipeline locations. Technical approach is to get the broadest perspective on the concerns related to the determination of burial conditions for offshore pipelines, Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) contacted individuals and organizations from the gas and petroleum industries, hardware and software vendors, academicians, and representatives from the government. A literature survey yielded the names of persons within academia who are presently working on similar applications with sensors. In the oil and gas industry, individuals and organizations involved in the Pipeline Research Committee made extensive contributions to the review and also provided the names of meaningful contacts from among their vendors. Discussions were held with the various persons both on the telephone and face to face. Vendors provided background materials and overview presentations on their capabilities for ANL to review.

Wilkey, P.L. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States))

1991-11-01

408

Evidence for wing molt and breeding site fidelity in King Eiders  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Fidelity of King Eiders (Somateria spectabilis) to breeding and wing molt sites was examined using satellite telemetry data obtained opportunistically when battery life of transmitters provided locations in a second year. Consecutive breeding locations were obtained for eleven female and 23 male King Eiders. All females exhibited breeding site fidelity by returning to sites within 15 km of first year breeding areas on the North Slope of Alaska. Breeding locations of males in a subsequent year were located on average >1000 km from their prior breeding sites and were primarily outside Alaska, on the coasts of Russia and Canada. Second-year wing molt locations were obtained for two female and six male King Eiders. Wing molt sites of males were located 6.2 ?? 3.1 km apart on average in successive years, while female wing molt locations averaged almost 50 km apart. Our results demonstrate site fidelity of female King Eiders to a breeding area on the North Slope of Alaska, document the dispersal of male King Eiders between breeding seasons, and present the first evidence for wing molt site fidelity in males.

Phillips, L. M.; Powell, A. N.

2006-01-01

409

Terrestrial and oceanic influence on spatial hydrochemistry and trophic status in subtropical marine near-shore waters.  

PubMed

Terrestrial and oceanic influences like groundwater discharges and/or oceanic upwelling define the hydrochemical and biological characteristics of near-shore regions. In karst environments, such as the Yucatan Peninsula (SE Mexico), the balance between these two influences on spatial and temporal scales is poorly understood. This study focused on near-shore waters within 200 m offshore along the Yucatan coast. The trophic status and hydrochemical zones of the study area were determined as a function of physical and nutrient data collected from 2005 to 2006. The main terrestrial influence was groundwater discharge, while the most important marine influence was related to seasonal changes in water turbulence. Spatial differences (p < 0.05) were observed among salinity, light extinction coefficient (k), NO(3)(-), NH(4)(+), and Chl-a. Seasonal differences were observed for all variables except for k. During the dry season, terrestrial influences are the dominant factor on near-shore hydrochemistry. The region around Dzilam exhibited the maximum influence of groundwater discharge estimated by salinity dissolution (?). During the rainy and "nortes" seasons, there is a balance between oceanic and terrestrial influences. The trophic status measured using the TRIX index, indicated that near-shore waters were mainly oligo-mesotrophic; with a meso-eutrophic status in areas with documented anthropogenic impacts. Four hydrological zones were identified by a Canonical Variate Analysis (CVA) using salinity, NO(2)(-), k and NH(4)(+) as the main discriminating variables. Zones I and II showed almost pristine conditions, with well-balanced terrestrial-oceanic influences. In Zone III, terrestrial influences such as groundwater discharges and inland pollution suggesting human impacts were dominant respect to the effects of oceanic influences like upwelling and sediment resuspension caused by winds and oceanic currents. Zone IV received enhanced groundwater and associated nutrients. Anthropogenic activities have led to ecosystem degradation but the speed at which this occurs depends on local and regional characteristics. Therefore, this study has defined those characteristics so as to enact better management policies. PMID:20719354

Morales-Ojeda, Sara M; Herrera-Silveira, Jorge A; Montero, Jorge

2010-07-23

410

Nearshore benthic habitat GIS for the Channel Islands National Sanctuary and southern California State Fisheries Reserves. Volume 1  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The nearshore benthic habitat of the Santa Barbara coast and Channel Islands supports diverse marine life that is commercially, recreationally, and intrinsically valuable. Some of these resources are known to be endangered including a variety of rockfish and the white abalone. Agencies of the state of California and the United States have been mandated to preserve and enhance these resources. Data from sidescan sonar, bathymetry, video and dive observations, and physical samples are consolidated in a geographic information system (GIS). The GIS provides researchers and policymakers a view of the relationship among data sets to assist scienctific research and to help with economic and social policy-making decisions regarding this protected environment.

Cochrane, Guy R.; Nasby, Nicole M.; Reid, Jane A.; Waltenberger, Ben; Lee, Kristen M.

2003-01-01

411

Survey of Radiological and Chemical Contaminants in the Near-Shore Environment at the Hanford Site 300 Area  

SciTech Connect

This updates the original report by correcting some errors and adding new information. This assessment of the 300 Area was completed to identify any contamination present and determine if it could present a risk to humans and plant and animal life. The assessment characterized the radiological and chemical conditions existing in the near-shore environment of the Columbia River at the 300 Area by collecting water, biota, and sediment samples and measuring radiation levels during a time when the effects of riverbank spring discharges and groundwater upwelling into the river was likely to be present.

Patton, Gregory W. (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)); Van Verst, Scott P. (Washington State Department of Health); Tiller, Brett L. (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)); Antonio, Ernest J. (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)); Poston, Ted M. (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB))

2003-04-01

412

From neurons to King County neighborhoods: partnering to promote policies based on the science of early childhood development.  

PubMed

A diverse community partnership in the Seattle area developed a policy agenda based on science, organized community support, and committed to monitor policy changes. It found that public health agencies are well positioned to develop a common knowledge base on early childhood development and to initiate community coalitions promoting policies to strengthen environments. It was challenging to maintain participants' focus on environments over time. Providing access to conditions that promote optimal development for all children will require ongoing commitment and alignment of many sectors to move political will and mobilize for change. PMID:15798109

Horsley, Kathryn; Ciske, Sandra J

2005-04-01

413

From Neurons to King County Neighborhoods: Partnering to Promote Policies Based on the Science of Early Childhood Development  

PubMed Central

A diverse community partnership in the Seattle area developed a policy agenda based on science, organized community support, and committed to monitor policy changes. It found that public health agencies are well positioned to develop a common knowledge base on early childhood development and to initiate community coalitions promoting policies to strengthen environments. It was challenging to maintain participants’ focus on environments over time. Providing access to conditions that promote optimal development for all children will require ongoing commitment and alignment of many sectors to move political will and mobilize for change.

Horsley, Kathryn; Ciske, Sandra J.

2005-01-01

414

Sensitivity analysis of the FEMA HAZUS-MH MR4 Earthquake Model using seismic events affecting King County Washington  

Microsoft Academic Search

HAZUS-MH MR4 (HAZards U. S. Multi-Hazard Maintenance Release 4) is a risk-estimation software developed by FEMA to calculate potential losses due to natural disasters. Federal, state, regional, and local government use the HAZUS-MH Earthquake Model for earthquake risk mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery planning (FEMA, 2003). In this study, we examine several parameters used by the HAZUS-MH Earthquake Model methodology

C. Neighbors; G. R. Noriega; Y. Caras; E. S. Cochran

2010-01-01

415

75 FR 53735 - Notice of Final Federal Agency Actions on East Lake Sammamish Master Plan Trail in King County, WA  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...starting at Gilman Boulevard in Issaquah, Washington and ending at Bear Creek Trail in Redmond, Washington. Those actions grant licenses...side of Lake Sammamish from Gilman Boulevard in Issaquah, WA to Bear Creek Trail in Redmond, WA. The project will be an...

2010-09-01

416

Health Consultation: Philip Services Corporation (Georgetown Site), City of Seattle, King County, Washington. EPA Facility ID: WAD000812909.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of a health consultation is to identify and prevent harmful human health effects resulting from exposure to hazardous substances in the environment. Health consultations focus on specific health issues so that DOH can respond to requests from ...

2005-01-01

417

From Neurons to King County Neighborhoods: Partnering to Promote Policies Based on the Science of Early Childhood Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

A diverse community part- nership in the Seattle area developed a policy agenda based on science, organized community support, and committed to monitor policy changes. It found that public health agencies are well po- sitioned to develop a com- mon knowledge base on early childhood development and to initiate community coalitions promoting policies to strengthen environments. It was challenging to

Kathryn Horsley; Sandra J. Ciske

2005-01-01

418

King penguin population on Macquarie Island recovers ancient DNA diversity after heavy exploitation in historic times  

PubMed Central

Historically, king penguin populations on Macquarie Island have suffered greatly from human exploitation. Two large colonies on the island were drastically reduced to a single small colony as a result of harvesting for the blubber oil industry. However, recent conservation efforts have resulted in the king penguin population expanding in numbers and range to recolonize previous as well as new sites. Ancient DNA methods were used to estimate past genetic diversity and combined with studies of modern populations, we are now able to compare past levels of variation with extant populations on northern Macquarie Island. The ancient and modern populations are closely related and show a similar level of genetic diversity. These results suggest that the king penguin population has recovered past genetic diversity in just 80 years owing to conservation efforts, despite having seen the brink of extinction.

Heupink, Tim H.; van den Hoff, John; Lambert, David M.

2012-01-01

419

Extension of the Johnson-King turbulence model to the 3-D flows  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A critical evaluation of the eddy viscosity model of Johnson and King extended to the three-dimensional case has been performed for three-dimensional boundary layer flows. The turbulence model is evaluated by a detailed comparison with available experimental data for incompressible flows over an infinite swept wing and near an idealized wing-body junction. The isotropic model of Johnson and King is found to work much better than the Cebeci-Smith model, especially in regions of strong cross flow. The significant decrease in the shear stress magnitude is almost reproduced. This means that this effect is as important as the nonisotropic eddy viscosity. The introduction of Rotta's modification to account for nonisotropic eddy viscosity in the Johnson-King formulation is found to have little effect on the predictions. The cross-flow properties are the most strongly affected.

Abid, Ridha

1988-01-01

420

The blindness, deafness and madness of King George III: psychiatric interactions.  

PubMed

Recent research has thrown considerable doubt on the claim that King George III suffered from variegate porphyria, but indicates that he suffered recurrent attacks of mania as part of his bipolar disorder. George III's last episode of ill health occurred during the final decade of his life (1810-20). This has been diagnosed as chronic mania with an element of dementia. During this period the king was blind and possibly deaf, which may have contributed to his psychiatric condition. His blindness was due to bilateral cataracts; serious consideration was given at the time to surgery, but this was not carried out. The possible contribution of the king's blindness to his illness is discussed with respect to the roles of his medical attendants. It was also claimed that George III showed progressive deafness and this claim has been re-examined. However, the medical reports by the attending physicians and psychiatrists (mad doctors) do not support this claim. PMID:20503691

Peters, T J; Beveridge, A

2010-03-01

421

Statistical outliers and dragon-kings as Bose-condensed droplets  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A theory of exceptional extreme events, characterized by their abnormal sizes compared with the rest of the distribution, is presented. Such outliers, called "dragon-kings", have been reported in the distribution of financial drawdowns, city-size distributions (e.g., Paris in France and London in the UK), in material failure, epileptic seizure intensities, and other systems. Within our theory, the large outliers are interpreted as droplets of Bose-Einstein condensate: the appearance of outliers is a natural consequence of the occurrence of Bose-Einstein condensation controlled by the relative degree of attraction, or utility, of the largest entities. For large populations, Zipf's law is recovered (except for the dragon-king outliers). The theory thus provides a parsimonious description of the possible coexistence of a power law distribution of event sizes (Zipf's law) and dragon-king outliers.

Yukalov, V. I.; Sornette, D.

2012-05-01

422

Shut out of medicine in Canada, Dr. Leonora Howard King blazed a trail in China.  

PubMed Central

After being denied the opportunity to study medicine and work at home, Dr. Leonora Howard King became Canada's first female medical missionary to China. Although she attempted to wear both the religious and secular hats handed her by the Women's Foreign Missionary Society, Howard King found that she was too busy meeting the medical needs of destitute women and children to proselytize. She won the favour of Chinese royalty, and after treating hundreds of wounded soldiers during the 1894-95 war with Japan became the first Western woman to become a mandarin, an honour bestowed by her adopted country. Images p1742-a

Negodaeff-Tomsik, M

1996-01-01

423

Treatment of the first known case of king cobra envenomation in the United Kingdom, complicated by severe anaphylaxis.  

PubMed

We report the first known case of envenomation following snake bite by a king cobra in the UK. The patient required tracheal intubation and ventilation. Treatment with king cobra antivenom resulted in anaphylaxis (bronchospasm and hypotension), requiring adrenaline infusion. The patient's trachea was extubated 11 h after administration of antivenom. PMID:17156231

Veto, T; Price, R; Silsby, J F; Carter, J A

2007-01-01

424

Using pedigress in the hunt for BRCA1, Mary-Claire KingSite: DNA Interactive (www.dnai.org)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Interviewee: Mary-Claire King DNAi Location:Applications>Genes and medicine>gene hunting Families and pedigrees Mary-Claire King talks about the value of using the centuries-old tool of family pedigrees to gain insight into patterns of inheritance of genetic disorders.

2008-03-26

425

WHAT IS POST KEYNESIANISM AND WHO IS A POST KEYNESIAN? RESPONSES TO LAVOIE , KING AND DOW ON.?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lavoie, King and Dow share one common theme in their criticism of my review of King's (2001) book A History of Post Keynesian Economics. They all object, in different ways and in different degrees to (1) my definition of the boundary lines that encompass Post Keynesian economics and (2) who, in the 21 century, should be entitled to be labeled

Paul Davidson

426

Hematodinium sp. infection of red Paralithodes camtschaticus and blue Paralithodes platypus king crabs from the Sea of Okhotsk, Russia.  

PubMed

A disease caused by a parasitic dinoflagellate of the genus Hematodinium was identified in red, Paralithodes camtschaticus, and blue, Paralithodes platypus, king crabs from the north-east region of the Sea of Okhotsk, Russia, during annual stock surveys. No carapace color change was observed even in heavily infected crabs, but diseased crabs possessed creamy-yellow hemolymph, which was visible through the arthrodial membranes of the abdomen and appendages. Several stages of the parasite's life history, including trophonts, plasmodia, sporonts and macrodinospores, were observed in tissues of infected king crabs. Numerous parasite cells were observed in the lumina of the myocardium, the gills, the connective tissue of antennal glands and the sinuses of nerve ganglia, eyestalks and gastrointestinal tract of king crabs with gross signs of infection. Based on sequencing of the 18S rDNA, it appears that the Hematodinium sp. found in red and blue king crabs is identical or closely related to Hematodinium sp. isolated from crabs of the genera Chionoecetes and Lithodes. Observed prevalences were 0.33% in sublegal male red king crabs, 0.18% in female red king crabs, 0.34% in sublegal male blue king crabs and 0.31% in female blue king crabs. PMID:20691697

Ryazanova, T V; Eliseikina, M G; Kukhlevsky, A D; Kharlamenko, V I

2010-08-05

427

How to mount a successful coup d'etat: Lessons from the Bible (II Kings 11, II Chronicles 23)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The process whereby queen Athaliah was deposed and replaced as monarch of Judah by the boy?king Joash in the seventh century bce warrants analysis as a typical ‘coup d'etat’. The purpose of the present article is to interpret the relevant biblical narratives (II Kings II and 11 Chron. 23) in terms relevant to that political concept. Specifically, it posits that

Stuart A. Cohen

2000-01-01

428

"A Creative Psalm of Brotherhood": The (De)Constructive Play in Martin Luther King's "Letter from Birmingham Jail"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Scholars have celebrated the spoken word in King's "Letter from Birmingham Jail," but they have overlooked the significance of the Letter's writing. In this essay I closely read King's act of writing the Letter, along with the figures of speech he employs in it, and I show how both--by enacting the mass media's ability to cross contexts--are…

Gaipa, Mark

2007-01-01

429

Snohomish County Biodiesel Project  

SciTech Connect

Snohomish County in western Washington State began converting its vehicle fleet to use a blend of biodiesel and petroleum diesel in 2005. As prices for biodiesel rose due to increased demand for this cleaner-burning fuel, Snohomish County looked to its farmers to ���¢��������grow���¢������� this fuel locally. Suitable seed crops that can be crushed to extract oil for use as biodiesel feedstock include canola, mustard, and camelina. The residue, or mash, has high value as an animal feed. County farmers began with 52 acres of canola and mustard crops in 2006, increasing to 250 acres and 356 tons in 2008. In 2009, this number decreased to about 150 acres and 300 tons due to increased price for mustard seed.

Terrill Chang; Deanna Carveth

2010-02-01

430

County Waterford Image Archive  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Using volunteer help and a locally written image management system, the Waterford County Museum in Ireland has created this collection of close to 3,000 historical images that document Waterford County and its parishes from the late 1890s to the present. The Web interface to the collection includes a number of helpful features - for those familiar with Waterford county and its place and family names, there is a search box, but for those less familiar there are several ways to browse the collection, by selecting photographer, location, image format, or subjects from drop down lists, as well as selecting parishes from a map to see the pictures associated with each. A photo of the week is posted on the site, and visitors can sign up to receive an RSS feed or, alternatively, an email message when new images are added. There are also easy ways to submit photographs for inclusion in the archive, and for locals to contribute identifying information.

431

What to look for in the hunt for BRCA1, Mary-Claire KingSite: DNA Interactive (www.dnai.org)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Interviewee: Mary-Claire King DNAi Location:Applications>Genes and medicine>gene hunting Starting out Mary-Claire King talks about her first steps toward finding the gene responsible for certain kinds of inherited breast cancer.

2008-03-26

432

Coupling of fog and marine microbial content in the near-shore coastal environment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Microbes in the atmosphere (microbial aerosols) play an important role in climate and provide an ecological and biogeochemical connection between oceanic, atmospheric, and terrestrial environments. However, the sources and environmental factors controlling the concentration, diversity, transport, and viability of microbial aerosols are poorly understood. This study examined culturable microbial aerosols from a coastal environment in Maine (USA) and determined the effect of onshore wind speed and fog presence on deposition rate, source, and community composition. During fog events with low onshore winds (< 2 m s-1) the near-shore deposition of microbial aerosols (microbial fallout) decreased with increasing wind speeds, whereas microbial fallout rates under clear conditions and comparable low wind speeds showed no wind speed dependence. Mean aerosol particle size also increased with onshore wind speed when fog was present, indicating increased shoreward transport of larger aerosol particles. 16S rRNA sequencing of culturable ocean surface bacteria and microbial aerosols deposited onshore resulted in the detection of 31 bacterial genera, with 5 dominant genera (Vibrio, Bacillus, Pseudoalteromonas, Psychrobacter, Salinibacterium) making up 66% of all sequences. The microbial aerosol sequence library, as with libraries found in other coastal/marine aerosol studies, was dominated at the phylum level by Proteobacteria, with additional representation from Firmicutes, Actinobacteria and Bacteroidetes. Seventy-five percent of the viable microbial aerosols falling out under foggy conditions were most similar to GenBank-published sequences detected in marine environments. Using a 97% similarity cut-off, ocean surface and fog sequence libraries shared eight operational taxonomic units (OTU's) in total, three of which were the most dominant OTU's in the library, representing large fractions of the ocean (28%) and fog (21%) libraries. The fog and ocean surface libraries were significantly more similar in microbial community composition than clear (non-foggy) and ocean surface libraries, according to both Jaccard and Sorenson indices. These findings provide the first evidence of a difference in community composition and microbial viability (culturability) of aerosols associated with fog compared to clear conditions. The data support a dual role for fog in enhancing the fallout of viable (culturable) microbial aerosols via increased gravitational settling rates and decreased aerosolization stress on the organisms, which may include relief from UV inactivation, desiccation, and oligotrophic microconditions. This study provides a strong case for ocean to terrestrial transport of microbes and a potential connection between water quality and air quality at coastal sites.

Dueker, M. E.; O'Mullan, G. D.; Weathers, K. C.; Juhl, A. R.; Uriarte, M.

2011-09-01

433

Coupling of fog and marine microbial content in the near-shore coastal environment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Microbes in the atmosphere (microbial aerosols) play an important role in climate and provide an ecological and biogeochemical connection between oceanic, atmospheric, and terrestrial environments. However, the sources and environmental factors controlling the concentration, diversity, transport, and viability of microbial aerosols are poorly understood. This study examined culturable microbial aerosols from a coastal environment in Maine (USA) and determined the effect of onshore wind speed and fog presence on deposition rate, source, and community composition. During fog events with low onshore winds (<2 m s-1) the near-shore deposition of microbial aerosols (microbial fallout) decreased with increasing wind speeds, whereas microbial fallout rates under clear conditions and comparable low wind speeds showed no wind speed dependence. Mean aerosol particle size also increased with onshore wind speed when fog was present, indicating increased shoreward transport of larger aerosol particles. 16S rRNA sequencing of culturable ocean surface bacteria and microbial aerosols deposited onshore resulted in the detection of 31 bacterial genera, with 5 dominant genera (Vibrio, Bacillus, Pseudoalteromonas, Psychrobacter, Salinibacterium) making up 66 % of all sequences. The sequence library from microbial aerosol isolates, as with libraries found in other coastal/marine aerosol studies, was dominated at the phylum level by Proteobacteria, with additional representation from Firmicutes, Actinobacteria and Bacteroidetes. Seventy-five percent of the culturable microbial aerosols falling out under foggy conditions were most similar to GenBank-published sequences detected in marine environments. Using a 97 % similarity cut-off, sequence libraries from ocean surface and fog isolates shared eight operational taxonomic units (OTU's) in total, three of which were the most dominant OTU's in the library, representing large fractions of the ocean (28 %) and fog (21 %) libraries. The fog and ocean surface libraries were significantly more similar in microbial community composition than clear (non-foggy) and ocean surface libraries, according to both Jaccard and Sorenson indices. These findings provide the first evidence of a difference in community composition and microbial culturability of aerosols associated with fog compared to clear conditions. The data support a dual role for fog in enhancing the fallout of viable microbial aerosols via increased gravitational settling rates and decreased aerosolization stress on the organisms, which may include relief from UV inactivation, desiccation, and oligotrophic microconditions. This study provides a strong case for ocean to terrestrial transport of microbes and a potential connection between water quality and air quality at coastal sites.

Dueker, M. E.; O'Mullan, G. D.; Weathers, K. C.; Juhl, A. R.; Uriarte, M.

2012-02-01

434

Correlation of Shore-Oblique Bars and Nearshore Gravel Outcrops With Shoreline Change in North Carolina  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The interaction between the surf zone and the subaerial shoreface is important for data interpretation, holistic understanding of coastal zone dynamics, and the development of predictive engineering models. Previous studies have noted the existence of beach-surf zone interactions, but in general, relationships between seafloor features and coastal change are poorly quantified. This study demonstrates the physical concurrence of shore-oblique bars and gravel outcrops observed in the surf zone along the northern Outer Banks of North Carolina. It then details, both qualitatively and quantitatively, the relationships between these subaqueous features and shoreline change on a range of temporal and spatial scales. The surf zone and nearshore region of the Outer Banks are predominantly planar and sandy, but there are several discrete regions with shore-oblique bars and interspersed gravel outcrops. These bar fields are several kilometers wide alongshore and were relatively stationary over a 1.5-year survey period. Cross-covariance analysis quantifies the spatial relationships between the locations of offshore features including gravel outcrops, shore-oblique bars, and the subaerial beach response, represented by shoreline change calculated from 100-year, 28-year, and monthly datasets. Results demonstrate that areas with shore-oblique bars and gravel outcrops are strongly correlated with areas of both high short-term shoreline variability and high long-term shoreline change trends. High shoreline erosion occurs onshore of shore-oblique bar fields, but not all of the shore-oblique bars are associated with high long-term shoreline change. On a regional scale, bathymetry (as measured by the distance between the shoreline and the 9 m contour) is correlated most highly with shoreline variability at 220 m lag and with long-term change at a lag of 280 m, a very small distance considering the width of the bars (hundreds of meters) and their oblique angles to shore. Presented results will demonstrate high correlation between shoreline change on several scales and the adjacent surf-zone bathymetry and sediment distribution.

Schupp, C. A.; McNinch, J. E.; List, J. H.

2004-12-01

435

ECORS Truc Vert'08: a Multi-Institutional International Nearshore Field Experiment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A large multi-institutional international field experiment (ECORS Truc Vert'08) was conducted Feb-April 2008 on the southern part of the French Atlantic coastline. More than 120 scientists, students and technicians participated to this effort coming from 3 continents and 6 countries : Australia (University of New South Wales), France (SHOM, University Bordeaux I, University Pau et Pays de l'Adour, University Sud-Toulon Var, University Joseph Fourier, University Perpignan, BRGM, University Lyon 1), Great Britain (Plymouth University), New Zealand (NIWA), The Netherlands (Delft University of Technology, University of Utrecht) and USA (Naval Postgraduate School, University of Miami, Franklin and Marshall College). Truc Vert beach is a high-energy, dynamic, macrotidal, double-barred beach representative of most of the beaches on this 250 km long coastline. The inner bar can go through all the states within the intermediate classification and usually exhibits a transverse bar and rip morphology (380 m alongshore wavelength). The outer bar is changeable from linear to crescentic (720 m alongshore wavelength). The goals were to measure the hydrodynamic processes, sedimentary processes and morphologic responses on a macrotidal beach during energetic wave conditions and covering a large spectrum of spatial and temporal scales. This dataset will facilitate the validation of surf zone wave, hydrodynamic and morphodynamic models, it will lend insight into the morphodynamic evolution of three dimensional beaches and it will fill the gaps in previous nearshore data sets. A wide range of unique instrumentation was used including continuously sampled 2Hz high-resolution surfzone video cameras, daily topographic surveys, bathymetric surveys from the French naval vessels and personal watercrafts, high frequency velocity and pressure sensors, acoustic Doppler current profilers, sediment transport devices, sand porosity and grain size devices, and position-tracking drifters. Measurements were taken during various wave conditions including short-period sea waves (Hs=1m, Tp=7s) and energetic long-period swell waves (Hs=8.2m, Tp=18s). In particular, 4 consecutive storms with significant wave height greater than 5 m including a 10-year storm were measured. Tidal ranges varied between 1.8m (neap tide) and 5m (spring tide). Observations include several cycles of crescentic bar development and destruction, cross-shore and alongshore migration of the bar, diurnal berm destruction and development. For instance, the outer bar migrated 350 m alongshore during the experiment. The large storms generated intensive alongshore currents (averaged velocity greater than 1.5m/s) and transport, resulting in rapid migration of the inner bar and the reshaping of the outer crescentic bar into a linear bar.

Senechal, N.; Ardhuin, F.

2008-12-01

436

Regional and Nearshore Bathymetry of American Samoa: Implications for Tsunami Run-Up and Public Awareness  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report on past compilations of deep and shallow-water multibeam bathymetry surveys, bathymetric derivations from high-resolution satellite imagery, and submersible dives conducted around Tutuila, American Samoa. Initial multibeam bathymetric surveys were conducted in 2001-2005 to support the Fagatele Bay National Marine Sanctuary, but subsequent data gathering, derivation, and compilation have been conducted and distributed by a variety of partners. In the nearshore (~15-250 m), a major objective has been to develop high-resolution maps to characterize reefs and associated habitats to meet the coral reef conservation goals of NOAA and the American Samoa government. At depths of 0-15 m, bathymetry has been derived from high-resolution, multispectral Ikonos satellite imagery, by gauging the relative attenuation of blue and green spectral radiance as a function of depth. This effort was also in support of NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program goals. In deeper environments (250 m or greater), the goal has been to describe and interpret the geomorphology of mid- to deep- water flanks surrounding Tutuila, and to compile regional bathymetry for geomorphological studies of the Eastern Samoa Volcanic Province, including the identification and shape characterization of previously undocumented seamounts and considerations of age-progressions based on arrangements of volcanic lineaments. These data sets can also serve as critical inputs to tsunami inundation models and subsequent simulations and data sets. To wit, the National Geophysical Data Center has just released 10- and 30-m integrated bathymetric-topographic digital elevation models (DEMs) of Tutuila, American Samoa, primarily for the NOAA Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory Center for Tsunami Research. The best available digital data were compiled from various sources, shifted to common horizontal and vertical datums, with final edits before preparation of the DEMs. Such datasets are important to further build the capacity for disaster preparation and response of local authorities, and will feed into the territory-wide GIS infrastructure used by various agencies of the American Samoa Government, the American Samoa Coastal Zone Management Program, the American Samoa Power Authority, and U.S. federal agencies in the region.

Wright, D. J.; Hogrefe, K. R.; Naar, D.; Roberts, J.; Miller, J. E.; Ferguson, S.; Koppers, A. A.; Battista, T.; Lim, E.; Taylor, L. A.; Anderson, P.

2009-12-01

437

The linear instability characteristics of the coupled wave-current system in the nearshore  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent numerical studies of longshore and rip currents in the nearshore zone suggest that the interactions between the incident waves and the time-varying wave-induced circulation field can be an important process in determining the nature of rip current circulation systems (Haas et al, 2002) and longshore currents (Ozkan-Haller and Li, 2002). Simulations also suggest that the initial growth rate, offshore extent and energetics of instabilities associated with longshore currents are affected by the consideration of wave-current interaction. Therefore, it is hypothesized that the linear instability characteristics of the combined wave-current system are distinct from those of the current system alone. However, the above-mentioned numerical studies have not been ground-truthed with a linear instability analysis of the combined system, and this study aims to fill this gap in our existing knowledge by analyzing the linear instability of a system of equations describing the coupled behavior of incident waves and the wave-induced circulation. We utilize the mass conservation and momentum equations for the circulation. Free surface effects are included and the circulation is induced due to radiation stress gradients associated with the incident waves. The wave energy equation and the conservation of waves principle describe evolution of the incident waves in the presence of variable bathymetry and time-varying currents. It is this modification of the incident wave field due to the circulation that is often neglected in circulation studies. The resulting system of six equations provides information about the length scales, propagation speeds, growth rates of any unstable modes along with the cross-shore profiles of the low frequency motions expected in the presence of wave-current interaction. In addition, the solution also provides similar information about any stable or neutrally stable solutions (such as edge waves). Results from this study should serve as a useful benchmark for full nonlinear circulation models. It is noted that the analysis of the coupled wave-current system is a necessary step towards analyzing the fully coupled wave-current-morphology system. The instability of such a system has been hypothesized to lead to the formation of longshore variable features in the bathymetry, although all analyses of this mechanism to date have simplified the feedback between the incident waves and the circulation or morphology. Therefore, an extension of the present study can address these shortcomings and provide information about morphological features that may result as a result of an instability to the combined wave-current-morphology system.

Jiao, H.; Özkan-Haller, H. T.

2002-12-01

438

Imperial County geothermal development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The progress of geothermal development during the past 3 years, county activities in support of geothermal development, and current challenges and future needs of the geothermal industry and the county are summarized. Three additional Known Geothermal Resources Areas (KGRAs) were identified: the Westmorland KGRA, the East Brawley KGRA, and the South Brawley KGRA. Three 10 megawatt power plants began operations during the grant period. Three commercial power plants are scheduled to begin construction during late 1982 or early 1983. Site work was begun for the Heber Flash Power Plant. Two commercial power plants are in planning stages.

1982-10-01

439

Pliocene-Pleistocene diatom biostratigraphy of nearshore Antarctica from the AND-1B drillcore, McMurdo Sound  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The near-shore open-marine diatom record recovered in the ANtarctic geological DRILLing (ANDRILL) McMurdo Ice Shelf Project (MIS) AND-1B drillcore, McMurdo Sound, Antarctica, advances our understanding of the marine conditions present in the southern Ross Sea during the Pliocene and early Pleistocene. This diatom history is recorded within alternating diamictite and diatomite that reflect alternating glacial activity and high marine primary productivity. The diatomite units were deposited in a continental shelf open-marine setting during periods of reduced ice cover in West Antarctica. A new diatom biostratigraphic scheme spanning the last ca. 5 Ma is proposed for the Antarctic near-shore area, based on prior work from high latitude drillcores. Four new zones are proposed for the Pliocene/Pleistocene, with eight in total for the new zonal scheme, utilizing Actinocylus fasciculatus, Actinocyclus maccollumii, Fragilariopsis bohatyii, Rouxia antarctica, and Thalassiosira fasciculata as new zonal markers. The early Pliocene shares the most assemblage commonality with that of the Southern Ocean with greater numbers of endemic species observed in the late Pliocene and early Pleistocene; a group of related Fragilaripsis species characterizes much of this later part of the time column. Two new species are proposed, Fragilariopsis tigris sp. nov. Riesselman and Thalassiosira teres sp. nov. Winter; a formal name is also proposed for another species, Rhizosolenia harwoodii sp. nov. Winter. The new zonation is tied to a robust chronology utilizing diatom biostratigraphy, volcanic 40Ar/39Ar ages and magnetostratigraphy.

Winter, D.; Sjunneskog, C.; Scherer, R.; Maffioli, P.; Riesselman, C.; Harwood, D.

2012-10-01

440

Baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in the Washington-Oregon Planning Area (Puget Sound Area, Washington) Part 1. Volume 1 of 2. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents socio-economic profiles of the counties in the Puget Sound Area of the Washington-Oregon Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service. The Puget Sound Area includes Whatcom, Skagit, Snohomish, King, Pierce, Thurston, Mason, and Kitsap counties. It presents baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in Washington, Oregon, and California which may be potentially affected by offshore oil and gas development. Each profile includes socio-economic characteristics organized under the following eight headings: demographics, economics, housing, public services and facilities, public finance, energy consumption, land use, and other characteristics. The focus of each socio-economic profile is 1980, but the time period 1970 to 2000 is covered, to the extent possible with existing data, to provide a historical context and an understanding of expected trends. Each county's socio-economic profile was prepared using time-series data from secondary sources obtained primarily from federal, state, and local government agencies.

Not Available

1988-12-01

441

Baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in the Washington-Oregon Planning Area (Puget Sound Area, Washington) Part 2. Volume 1 of 2. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents socio-economic profiles of the counties in the Puget Sound Area of the Washington-Oregon Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service. The Puget Sound Area includes Whatcom, Skagit, Snohomish, King, Pierce, Thurston, Mason, and Kitsap counties. It presents baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in Washington, Oregon, and California which may be potentially affected by offshore oil and gas development. Each profile includes socio-economic characteristics organized under the following eight headings: demographics, economics, housing, public services and facilities, public finance, energy consumption, land use, and other characteristics. The focus of each socio-economic profile is 1980, but the time period 1970 to 2000 is covered, to the extent possible with existing data, to provide a historical context and an understanding of expected trends. Each county's socio-economic profile was prepared using time-series data from secondary sources obtained primarily from federal, state, and local government agencies.

Not Available

1988-12-01

442

Baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in the Washington-Oregon Planning Area (Puget Sound Area, Washington). Part 1. Volume 2 of 2. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents socio-economic profiles of the counties in the Puget Sound Area of the Washington-Oregon Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service. The Puget Sound Area includes Whatcom, Skagit, Snohomish, King, Pierce, Thurston, Mason, and Kitsap counties. It presents baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in Washington, Oregon, and California which may be potentially affected by offshore oil and gas development. Each profile includes socio-economic characteristics organized under the following eight headings: demographics, economics, housing, public services and facilities, public finance, energy consumption, land use, and other characteristics. The focus of each socio-economic profile is 1980, but the time period 1970 to 2000 is covered, to the extent possible with existing data, to provide a historical context and an understanding of expected trends. Each county's socio-economic profile was prepared using time-series data from secondary sources obtained primarily from federal, state, and local government agencies.

Not Available

1988-12-01

443

Baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in the Washington-Oregon Planning Area (Puget Sound Area, Washington). Part 2. Volume 2 of 2. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents socio-economic profiles of the counties in the Puget Sound Area of the Washington-Oregon Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service. The Puget Sound Area includes Whatcom, Skagit, Snohomish, King, Pierce, Thurston, Mason, and Kitsap counties. It presents baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in Washington, Oregon, and California which may be potentially affected by offshore oil and gas development. Each profile includes socio-economic characteristics organized under the following eight headings: demographics, economics, housing, public services and facilities, public finance, energy consumption, land use, and other characteristics. The focus of each socio-economic profile is 1980, but the time period 1970 to 2000 is covered, to the extent possible with existing data, to provide a historical context and an understanding of expected trends. Each county's socio-economic profile was prepared using time-series data from secondary sources obtained primarily from federal, state, and local government agencies.

Not Available

1988-12-01

444

Monroe County Urban Accessibility Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objectives of this study were to survey primary ambulatory health services in Monroe County, N.Y., and to estimate the accessibility of these services to the county's population. Community group meetings were used to collect information on organizatio...

1975-01-01

445

Board of County Commissioners  

Microsoft Academic Search

Analysis: In an effort to more effectively respond to, investigate and where needed arrest child abuse offenders, the Wakulla County Sheriff's Office is requesting the funding of a Persons Crime Unit. The Persons Crime Investigator is a certified law enforcement officer who is trained in handling domestic violence cases, sex crimes on children and child abuse cases. The Persons Crime

Sheriff David Harvey

2008-01-01

446

Dade County: Paradise Lost?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A Dade county commissioner discusses problems that the greater Miami, Florida, area is facing due to the recent influx of Cuban and Haitian refugees. Calls for federal action in the areas of immigration policy, aid for the unemployed, and increased social services. (GC)

Shack, Ruth

1980-01-01

447

STATE/COUNTY BORDERS  

EPA Science Inventory

This data is available for the entire region. The level of detail is primarily suited for region/state/county/basin sized maps. The borders are not accurate enough for small areas like sub-basins and site areas. We use this coverage for general backgrounds and borders only. T...

448

Very light jets II: Bipolar large scale simulations in King atmospheres  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hydrodynamic jets, underdense with respect to their environment by a factor of up to 104, were computed in axisymmetry as well as in 3D. They finally reached a size of up to 220 jet radii, corresponding to a 100 kpc sized radio galaxy. The simulations are ``bipolar'', involving both jets. These are injected into a King type density profile with

Martin Krause

2005-01-01

449

Exposure to domoic acid affects larval development of king scallop Pecten maximus (Linnaeus, 1758)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Domoic acid (DA) is a highly toxic phycotoxin produced by bloom forming marine diatoms Pseudo-nitzschia spp. Bivalves can accumulate this toxin to a high level through their feeding activities, and thus illness or death in can occur in consumers of bivalves. In this study, king scallop, Pecten maximus, larvae were exposed to dissolved domoic acid (DA) for 25d, and the

Hui Liu; Maeve S. Kelly; Dirk A. Campbell; Shuang Lin Dong; Jian Xin Zhu; Su Feng Wang

2007-01-01

450

WHO POACHED THE KING'S DEER? A STUDY IN THIRTEENTH CENTURY CRIME  

Microsoft Academic Search

Robin Hood, poaching the king's deer and feasting on venison with his merry men in their forest hideouts, must colour everybody's picture of medieval deer poachers. And we may still see Robin as typical even though we can no longer believe in his historical existence.' Recent research is telling us more about medieval crime and criminals; in particular, the existence

JEAN BIRRELL

451

Young hero Simba defeats old villain Scar: Oedipus wrecks the Lyin’ King  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prior studies of Disney's animated film The Lion King focus on its flattering portrayal of a patriarchical society in which a segment of residents (hyenas) are marginalized. These analyses, however, neglect Oedipal themes and the respectful portrayal of parents that may be key to the film's great popularity.

Lauren Dundes; Alan Dundes

2006-01-01

452

Fission track geochronology of King Island, Bass Strait, Australia: Relationship to continental rifting  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fission track ages have been determined on sphene and apatite from the granitic rocks of King Island in Bass Strait, southeastern Australia. In all cases sphene and apatite ages are markedly discordant. Sphene ages compare very closely to earlier K-Ar measurements and indicate an emplacement age of about 350 m.y. for the east coast group of granites and their important

A. J. W. Gleadow; J. F. Lovering

1978-01-01

453

Exploitation of distant marginal ice zones by king penguins during winter  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigated the use of Antarctic waters by king penguins in a 2 yr study based on the satellite tracking of 10 penguins from the Crozet Islands (SW Indian Ocean). All the penguins travelled towards the pack ice, with 3 of them ending their journey at the edge between the marginal ice and the dense pack ice. The mean maximum

C. A. Bost; J. B. Charrassin; Y. Clerquin; Y. Ropert-Coudert; Y. Le Maho

2004-01-01

454

From Sun King to Royal Twilight: Painting in Eighteenth Century France from the Musee Picardie, Amiens.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Focuses on the traveling exhibition from the Musee de Picardie in Amiens, France, called "From the Sun King to the Royal Twilight: Painting in Eighteenth Century France," that provides an overview of French paintings from the reign of Louis IV to the fall of the monarchy. (CMK)|

Johnson, Mark M.

2000-01-01

455

Metadrama and antitheatricality in Shakespeare's King Lear and Troilus and Cressida  

Microsoft Academic Search

Shakespeare uses metadrama as a rhetorical vehicle for responding to antitheatricalism; realistic drama and staged theatricality therefore coexist in his plays. The cultural context of the early modern era, especially its antitheatrical rhetoric and the predominance of theatricality throughout the structures of its society, illumines the interaction of metadrama and antitheatricality Shakespeare's plays, particularly Troilus and Cressida and King Lear.

Douglas R Willcox

2008-01-01

456

King, Queen, Master, Slave: The Master\\/slave Dialectic & the Thousand and One Nights  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous critical analyses of the Frame Story of The 1001 Nights, the story of Shahrazad and King Shahriyar, have overlooked the importance of the slave's role in the narrative of betrayal and revenge. This article makes use of Hegel's master\\/slave dialectic, in particular as that dialectic is reflected in the work of Jacques Lacan, to understand the critical role played

Daniel Beaumont

1998-01-01

457

A Dream Realized: The Development of King/Drew Magnet High School of Medicine and Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the planning and design of King/Drew Magnet High School of Medicine and Science in Los Angeles, which provides students with opportunities to explore careers in health care and science through activities in the classroom and at hospital and science research sites. (EV)

Graham, Mark

2002-01-01

458

Successful Treatment of Neurotoxic King Cobra Envenomation in Myrtle Beach, South Carolina  

Microsoft Academic Search

The growing trend toward the collection of exotic snakes by private collectors increases the likelihood that emergency physicians will face the challenge of treating an exotic envenomation. We report a case involving a professional reptile handler who sustained an extremity bite from a king cobra (Ophiophagus hannah ). Rapid, progressive neurotoxicity developed as manifested clinically by bulbar and respiratory paralysis

Barry S Gold; Pamela Pyle

1998-01-01

459

Complete Assignment of (1)H-NMR Resonances of the King Cobra Neurotoxin CM-11.  

PubMed

The king cobra (Ophiophagus Hannah) neurotoxin CM-Il is long-chain peptide with 72 amino acid residues. Its complete assignment of (1)H-NMR resonances was obtained using various 2D-NMR technologies, including DQF-COSY, clean-TOCSY and NOESY. PMID:12215781

Pang, Yu-Xi; Liu, Wei-Dong; Liu, Ai-Zhuo; Pei, Feng-Kui

1997-01-01

460

Cloning and purification of alpha-neurotoxins from king cobra (Ophiophagus hannah).  

PubMed

Thirteen complete and three partial cDNA sequences were cloned from the constructed king cobra (Ophiophagus hannah) venom gland cDNA library. Phylogenetic analysis of nucleotide sequences of king cobra with those from other snake venoms revealed that obtained cDNAs are highly homologous to snake venom alpha-neurotoxins. Alignment of deduced mature peptide sequences of the obtained clones with those of other reported alpha-neurotoxins from the king cobra venom indicates that our obtained 16 clones belong to long-chain neurotoxins (seven), short-chain neurotoxins (seven), weak toxin (one) and variant (one), respectively. Up to now, two out of 16 newly cloned king cobra alpha-neurotoxins have identical amino acid sequences with CM-11 and Oh-6A/6B, which have been characterized from the same venom. Furthermore, five long-chain alpha-neurotoxins and two short-chain alpha-neurotoxins were purified from crude venom and their N-terminal amino acid sequences were determined. The cDNAs encoding the putative precursors of the purified native peptide were also determined based on the N-terminal amino acid sequencing. The purified alpha-neurotoxins showed different lethal activities on mice. PMID:15302536

He, Ying-Ying; Lee, Wei-Hui; Zhang, Yun

2004-09-01

461

King Alfred's Scholarly Writings and the Authorship of the First Fifty Prose Psalms  

Microsoft Academic Search

A great part of King Alfred's renown comes from his translations of Latin writings into Old English. The group of translations that he gets credit for, however, has changed over the years. Presently four translations are attributed t o him: the Pastoral Care, the Boethius, the Soliloquies , and the first fifty Prose Psalms. The first three works openly name

Michael Treschow; Paramjit Gill; Tim B. Swartz

462

"I Have a Dream, Too!": The American Dream in Coretta Scott King Award-Winning Books  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Coretta Scott King (CSK) Award, instituted in 1969 and recognized as an official award by the American Library Association (ALA) in 1982, is conferred annually to an African American author and an illustrator for their outstanding contributions to literature about the Black experience for children and young adults. A partial impetus for the…

Parsons, Linda T.; Castleman, Michele

2011-01-01

463

3 CFR 8216 - Proclamation 8216 of January 16, 2008. Martin Luther King, Jr., Federal Holiday, 2008  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...and the pursuit of happiness for all its citizens...realizing Dr. King's dream, yet the work to...and justice for all is never-ending...rest until equality is real, opportunity is universal, and all...to realize their dreams. As we...

2009-01-01

464

A Pedagogical Treatment of King's "I Have a Dream" Speech: Toward Incorporating Orality in Rhetorical Criticism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper first discusses the ways in which Martin Luther King's "I Have a Dream" speech demonstrates some of the fundamental principles that should be used to teach rhetorical criticism, and then offers a microscopic, intrinsic criticism of the speech. The paper's four sections (1) review the nature of written speech texts; (2) discuss an…

Weitzel, Al R.

465

I Have a Dream: Martin Luther King, Jr. Handbook of Activities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook is designed by teachers for teachers to share ideas and activities for celebrating the Martin Luther King holiday, as well as to teach students about other famous black leaders throughout the school year. The lesson plans and activities are presented for use in K-12 classrooms. Each lesson plan has a designated subject area, goals,…

Duff, Ogle Burks, Ed.; Bowman, Suzanne H., Ed.

466

"I Have a Dream, Too!": The American Dream in Coretta Scott King Award-Winning Books  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Coretta Scott King (CSK) Award, instituted in 1969 and recognized as an official award by the American Library Association (ALA) in 1982, is conferred annually to an African American author and an illustrator for their outstanding contributions to literature about the Black experience for children and young adults. A partial impetus for the…

Parsons, Linda T.; Castleman, Michele

2011-01-01

467

King's "I Have a Dream" Speech: A Case Study of Incorporating Orality in Rhetorical Criticism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Emphasizes the importance of orality, a dimension of textual authenticity, that can influence the content, the form of a speech transcript, and the act of criticism. Demonstrates, with Martin Luther King's "I Have A Dream" speech, that incorporation of orality does not necessarily provide answers to all of the critic's questions. (SR)

Weitzel, Al

1994-01-01

468

The Brotherhood Symphony: A musical analysis of Martin Luther King, Jr's. \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Martin Luther King, Jr's. “I Have a Dream” sermon is a masterpiece within the African-American sermonic tradition. As part of this affective-sermonic tradition, “I Have a Dream” contains sonic features that function much like musical elements within a symphony. Representing the sermon, or, “The Brotherhood Symphony,” in an analytical notation completely absent of text meaning, reveals how sound parallels text

Scott R Walter

2011-01-01

469

Martin Luther King's "I Have a Dream": The Speech Event as Metaphor.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Martin Luther King's speech is examined as a sermon in the Black Baptist tradition. The speech, which is a dialog between speaker and audience, has, in addition to the "message" contained in the code, a broader ethnographic meaning. The speech event itself is metaphorical in nature, signaling political protest. (Author/BJV)

Alvarez, Alexandra

1988-01-01

470

Martin Luther King, Jr.'s "Beloved Community" Ideal and the Apartheid System in South Africa.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|King's comments and opinions on the following aspects of South African apartheid are presented: (1) similarities to and differences from America's racist system; (2) the role of western countries and their pressure; (3) the role of black Americans; (4) the role of multi-racial coalitions; and (5) the role of religious groups. (PS)|

Baldwin, Lewis V.

1986-01-01

471

Bone marrow and stem cell transplantation at King Hussein cancer center  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bone marrow and stem cell transplantation in Jordan has been performed since the 1990s, but the first comprehensive program was established at King Hussein Cancer Center (KHCC) in March 2003. The program, in addition to other health care institutions in Amman, serves approximately 5.6 million Jordanians. Also, we treat several patients per year from neighboring Arab countries. The program at

F Abdel-Rahman; A A Hussein; R Rihani; O A Hlalah; H El Taani; S Sharma; T Nserat; M M Sarhan

2008-01-01

472

Metabolic response to lipid infusion in fasting winter-acclimatized king penguin chicks (Aptenodytes patagonicus).  

PubMed

During the cold austral winter, king penguin chicks are infrequently fed by their parents and thus experience severe nutritional deprivation under harsh environmental conditions. These energetic constraints lead to a range of energy sparing mechanisms balanced by the maintenance of efficient thermogenic processes. The present work investigated whether the high thermogenic capacities exhibited by winter-acclimatized king penguin chicks could be related to an increase in lipid substrate supply and oxidation in skeletal muscle, the main site of thermogenesis in birds. To test this hypothesis, we examined i) the effect of an experimental rise in plasma triglyceride on the whole metabolic rate in winter-acclimatized (WA) and de-acclimatized king penguin chicks kept at thermoneutrality (TN), and ii) investigated the fuel preference of muscle mitochondria. In vivo, a perfusion of a lipid emulsion induced a small 10% increase of metabolic rate in WA chicks but not in TN group. In vitro, the oxidation rate of muscle mitochondria respiring on lipid-derived substrate was +40% higher in WA chicks than in TN, while no differences were found between groups when mitochondria oxidized carbohydrate-derived substrate or succinate. Despite an enhanced fuel selection towards lipid oxidation in skeletal muscle, a rise of circulating lipids per se was not sufficient to fully unravel the thermogenic capacity of winter-acclimatized king penguin chicks. PMID:23428720

Teulier, Loïc; Tornos, Jérémy; Rouanet, Jean-Louis; Rey, Benjamin; Roussel, Damien

2013-02-18

473

King's "I Have a Dream" Speech: A Case Study of Incorporating Orality in Rhetorical Criticism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Emphasizes the importance of orality, a dimension of textual authenticity, that can influence the content, the form of a speech transcript, and the act of criticism. Demonstrates, with Martin Luther King's "I Have A Dream" speech, that incorporation of orality does not necessarily provide answers to all of the critic's questions. (SR)|

Weitzel, Al

1994-01-01

474

Supreme Court 2010 point–counterpoint: Kentucky v. King: the Supreme Court invites unwarranted police entry  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Kentucky v. King (2011), the Supreme Court held that police officers may enter a residence under the ‘exigent circumstances’ exception to the 4th Amendment’s search warrant requirement even when it is the police activity which creates the exigent circumstance. This case is the latest in a series of decisions in which the Supreme Court has weakened the protections of

Craig Hemmens; Stephanie Karas

2011-01-01

475

“The Fall of the House Usher”: Poe’s perverted perspective on the “Maimed King”  

Microsoft Academic Search

The themes of medieval literature had a profound effect on the works that would follow in later generations regardless of the writer’s recognition of this influence, and one can see the way Poe leaves traces of the popular medieval motif of the “Maimed King” in his short story, “The Fall of the House of Usher. ” This thematic device, which

Forrest C. Helvie

2009-01-01

476

Real Companion and Friend: The Diary of William Lyon Mackenzie King, 1893-1950  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Despite his rather distinguished name, noted Canadian politician William Lyon Mackenzie King was generally just referred to as "William King". During his long career he served three terms as the prime minister of Canada, and he also found time to be a lawyer, economist, and professor. For over fifty years, starting with his time as an undergraduate at the University of Toronto, he kept a detailed personal diary which only concluded with his passing in 1950. The Library and Archives of Canada has created this website to introduce King's diary to contemporary readers, and they do so through explanatory essays, substantive excerpts from his writings, and a chronology of his life. First-time visitors will want to look at the two background essays titled " 'Dear Diary': Diary Writing as a Genre" and "The Political Man of Letters: Mackenzie King as Writer and Bookman". Visitors can continue on to read excerpts from the diary and even peer into the homes that he inhabited during his life.

477

Finding a parent in a king penguin colony: the acoustic system of individual recognition  

Microsoft Academic Search

To be fed, a king penguin, Aptenodytes patagonicus , chick must identify the call of its parents, in the continuous background noise of the colony. To study this recognition process, we played back to the chicks parental calls with acoustic parameters modified in the temporal and frequency domains. The parental call is composed of syllables (complex sounds with harmonic series)

PIERRE JOUVENTIN; THIERRY AUBIN; THIERRY LENGAGNE

1999-01-01

478

Who Is King Research and Why Are They Saying All Those Things About Us?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Looks at King Research, Inc. (KRI), a data analyst firm specializing in library and information science research. Various KRI projects are described, including the new "Planning Process for Public Libraries." Profiles of KRI staff members are given along with a selected bibliography of the company's publications. (LLS)|

Cherry, Susan Spaeth

1980-01-01

479

A Pedagogical Treatment of King's "I Have a Dream" Speech: Toward Incorporating Orality in Rhetorical Criticism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper first discusses the ways in which Martin Luther King's "I Have a Dream" speech demonstrates some of the fundamental principles that should be used to teach rhetorical criticism, and then offers a microscopic, intrinsic criticism of the speech. The paper's four sections (1) review the nature of written speech texts; (2) discuss an…

Weitzel, Al R.

480

Martin Luther King's "I Have a Dream": The Speech Event as Metaphor.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Martin Luther King's speech is examined as a sermon in the Black Baptist tradition. The speech, which is a dialog between speaker and audience, has, in addition to the "message" contained in the code, a broader ethnographic meaning. The speech event itself is metaphorical in nature, signaling political protest. (Author/BJV)|

Alvarez, Alexandra

1988-01-01