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1

VomsSnooper – a tool for managing VOMS records  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

VomsSnooper is a tool to keep documents and sites up to date with the newest VOMS records, removing the need for manual edits to security configuration files. The input data is administered centrally at the Operations Portal, and it is made available in XML format. Prior to VomsSnooper, it was necessary at each site to manually convert the XML data. VomsSnooper automates this process by checking and creating new VOMS records directly from the portal, providing a bridge between the Operations Portal and the site configuration. The tool is also used to publish online the VOMS data of thirty Approved VOs in the GridPP wiki.

Jones, S.

2014-06-01

2

Vom Urknall zum Durchknall  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Lautstarker Applaus erhob sich im Salon III/IV des Marriott-Hotels von Crystal City im amerikanischen Bundesstaat Virginia. In dem überfüllten Konferenzraum starrten alle wie gebannt auf die Leinwand, wo nicht mehr zu sehen war als ein nüchternes Diagramm aus zahlreichen Punkten und einer geschwungenen Kurve. Nureine eigenartige Personengruppe konnte sich davon zu Emotionen hinreißen lassen - Physiker auf der Jahrestagung der Astronomischen Gesellschaft, die ihren Begeisterungssturm noch minutenlang fortsetzten. Was war geschehen? Die im Diagramm aufgetragenen Daten bestätigten mit einer nie da gewesenen Genauigkeit ein fundamentales Naturgesetz zur Wärmeabstrahlung von heißen Körpern. 1900 von Max Planck entdeckt, leuchtete es nun in geradezu mathematischer Reinheit auf. Noch sensationeller war der Ursprung der Daten - Mikrowellensignale verschiedener Frequenzen, die nicht aus einem irdischen Labor stammten, sondern von einem heißen Urzustand des Universums! Ein Feuerball aus Wasserstoff und Helium, noch ohne jegliche Strukturen, die irgendwann Leben ermöglichen sollten, ließ damals seinem Licht freien Lauf. Mehr als zehn Milliarden Jahre war es bis zu den Detektoren des vom Menschen gebauten Satelliten COBE unterwegs, der wenige Tage zuvor die Daten übertragen hatte. Wenn ich das alles wie einen Film in meiner Vorstellung ablaufen lasse, bekomme ich immer eine Gänsehaut, als würde ich die inzwischen extrem abgekühlte Strahlung tatsächlich spüren. Ihre Gleichverteilung im Raum macht uns auch deutlich, dass wir uns nicht einbilden dürfen, an einem besonderen Ort im Universum zu leben - intelligente Aliens könnten sich seitdem überall entwickelt haben! Sollten sie - was nicht wahrscheinlich ist - uns wirklich von Zeit zu Zeit über die Schulter schauen, dann hätten sie an jenem Nachmittag des 13. Januar 1990, als der Vortrag stattfand, bestimmt anerkennend mit ihrem großen Kopf genickt.

Unzicker, Alexander

3

Berlin's Creative Industries: Governing Creativity?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper aims at discussing the issue of governing creativity exemplifying the case of Berlin. Berlin has a fast growing creative industry that has become the object of the city's development policies and place marketing. The core question is: What are the spatial?organizational driving forces of creativity in Berlin—can they be steered by public administration? The point of departure of

Bastian Lange; Ares Kalandides; Birgit Stöber; H. A. Mieg

2008-01-01

4

Berlin Exoplanet Search Telescope  

Microsoft Academic Search

BEST (Berlin Exoplanet Search Telescope) is a simple but robust ground-based photometric observation system with the scope to detect exoplanet transit events of Jupiter sized objects. A 20-cm flat-field Schmidt-camera is equipped with a 2048×2048 CCD. The field of view is around 3.0 degrees, allowing a large number of stars to be observed simultaneously. Regular observations of a number of

H. Rauer; A. Erikson; H. Voss; A. Hatzes; J. Eislöffel

2001-01-01

5

VOMS, an Authorization System for Virtual Organizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

We briefly describe the authorization requirements, focusing on the framework of the DataGrid and DataTAG Projects and illustrate the architec- ture of a new service we have developed, the Virtual Organization Membership Service (VOMS), to manage authorization information in Virtual Organization scope.

Roberto Alfieri; Roberto Cecchini; Vincenzo Ciaschini; Luca Dell'agnello; Ákos Frohner; Alberto Gianoli; Károly Lörentey; Fabio Spataro

2003-01-01

6

The Nazi Olympics: Berlin 1936  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

During August 1936, Adolf Hitler's Nazi government played host to the Summer Olympics and many international observers and commentators wondered whether the United States might elect to boycott the Games entirely. They did not, and the triumphs of runner extraordinaire Jesse Owens were a highlight of those rather dark times in Germany. This engaging online exhibit on the Summer Games of 1936 was created by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum to complement a recent in situ exhibit at their headquarters in Washington, D.C. Visitors can make their way through sections that include "Germany", "Sports", "Boycott", "To Berlin", and "The Aftermath". Each section contains brief essays on each subject, nicely complemented by period photographs, digitized documents, and other items of historical importance. Visitors should not miss the "Boycott" section, as it contains first-hand recollections from various athletes on the situation in Berlin, including the perspective of Jesse Owens.

7

The 'Berlin Exoplanet Search Telescope'  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 'Berlin Exoplanet Search Telescope' (BEST) is a groundbased system designed to search for transits of Jupiter-sized exoplanets across the disk of their central star. The system consists of a 20cm flat-field telescope and is equipped with a CCD camera with 2048x2048 pixels. The field-of-view of the telescope is about 3.1x3.1 degrees, allowing for a large number of stars (>30000)

H. Rauer; H. Voss; A. Erikson; H. Michaelis; A. P. Hatzes; J. Eisloeffel

2003-01-01

8

VOMS/VOMRS utilization patterns and convergence plan  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Grid community uses two well-established registration services, which allow users to be authenticated under the auspices of Virtual Organizations (VOs). The Virtual Organization Membership Service (VOMS), developed in the context of the Enabling Grid for E-sciencE (EGEE) project, is an Attribute Authority service that issues attributes expressing membership information of a subject within a VO. VOMS allows to partition users in groups, assign them roles and free-form attributes which are then used to drive authorization decisions. The VOMS administrative application, VOMS-Admin, manages and populates the VOMS database with membership information. The Virtual Organization Management Registration Service (VOMRS), developed at Fermilab, extends the basic registration and management functionalities present in VOMS-Admin. It implements a registration workflow that requires VO usage policy acceptance and membership approval by administrators. VOMRS supports management of multiple grid certificates, and handling users' request for group and role assignments, and membership status. VOMRS is capable of interfacing to local systems with personnel information (e.g. the CERN Human Resource Database) and of pulling relevant member information from them. VOMRS synchronizes the relevant subset of information with VOMS. The recent development of new features in VOMS-Admin raises the possibility of rationalizing the support and converging on a single solution by continuing and extending existing collaborations between EGEE and OSG. Such strategy is supported by WLCG, OSG, US CMS, US Atlas, and other stakeholders worldwide. In this paper, we will analyze features in use by major experiments and the use cases for registration addressed by the mature single solution.

Ceccanti, A.; Ciaschini, V.; Dimou, M.; Garzoglio, G.; Levshina, T.; Traylen, S.; Venturi, V.

2010-04-01

9

Die geschichtliche Entwicklung der Schlafforschung in Berlin  

Microsoft Academic Search

Zusammenfassung  Teil I der Geschichte der Schlafforschung in Berlin zeichnete die Entwicklung von der Aufklärung im 17. Jh. bis zur Periode\\u000a der frühen Physiologie zu Beginn des 19. Jh. nach. Ab dieser Zeit wurde die medizinische Fakultät der Universität Berlin ein\\u000a führendes Zentrum der Physiologie und der klinischen Forschung in Deutschland. In der 1. Hälfte des 20. Jh. stärkte besonders\\u000a die Errichtung des Instituts für Hirnforschung

H. Schulz; Frühphase der Physiologie

2010-01-01

10

Leptospirosis in Urban Wild Boars, Berlin, Germany  

PubMed Central

We found antibodies to leptospires in 25 (18%) of 141 wild boars from Berlin (95% confidence interval 12–25). Seropositivity was associated with chronic interstitial nephritis (odds ratio 10.5; p = 0.01), and leptospires were detected in kidney tissues. Wild boars represent a potential source for human leptospirosis in urban environments.

Luge, Enno; Guerra, Beatriz; Wittschen, Petra; Gruber, Achim D.; Loddenkemper, Christoph; Schneider, Thomas; Lierz, Michael; Ehlert, Derk; Appel, Bernd; Stark, Klaus; Nockler, Karsten

2007-01-01

11

The Berlin Exoplanet Search Telescope System  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe a small telescope system, the Berlin Exoplanet Search Telescope (BEST), dedicated to the search for planetary transits of Jupiter-sized planets on close-in orbits. This system consists of a commercial 20 cm telescope equipped with a 2048×2048 pixel CCD. Observations have been performed for almost 2 years, including a commissioning phase and regular observations. Planetary transit candidates have been

Heike Rauer; Jochen Eislöffel; Anders Erikson; Eike Guenther; Artie P. Hatzes; Harald Michaelis; Holger Voss

2004-01-01

12

Acute respiratory distress syndrome: the Berlin Definition.  

PubMed

The acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) was defined in 1994 by the American-European Consensus Conference (AECC); since then, issues regarding the reliability and validity of this definition have emerged. Using a consensus process, a panel of experts convened in 2011 (an initiative of the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine endorsed by the American Thoracic Society and the Society of Critical Care Medicine) developed the Berlin Definition, focusing on feasibility, reliability, validity, and objective evaluation of its performance. A draft definition proposed 3 mutually exclusive categories of ARDS based on degree of hypoxemia: mild (200 mm Hg < PaO2/FIO2 ? 300 mm Hg), moderate (100 mm Hg < PaO2/FIO2 ? 200 mm Hg), and severe (PaO2/FIO2 ? 100 mm Hg) and 4 ancillary variables for severe ARDS: radiographic severity, respiratory system compliance (?40 mL/cm H2O), positive end-expiratory pressure (?10 cm H2O), and corrected expired volume per minute (?10 L/min). The draft Berlin Definition was empirically evaluated using patient-level meta-analysis of 4188 patients with ARDS from 4 multicenter clinical data sets and 269 patients with ARDS from 3 single-center data sets containing physiologic information. The 4 ancillary variables did not contribute to the predictive validity of severe ARDS for mortality and were removed from the definition. Using the Berlin Definition, stages of mild, moderate, and severe ARDS were associated with increased mortality (27%; 95% CI, 24%-30%; 32%; 95% CI, 29%-34%; and 45%; 95% CI, 42%-48%, respectively; P < .001) and increased median duration of mechanical ventilation in survivors (5 days; interquartile [IQR], 2-11; 7 days; IQR, 4-14; and 9 days; IQR, 5-17, respectively; P < .001). Compared with the AECC definition, the final Berlin Definition had better predictive validity for mortality, with an area under the receiver operating curve of 0.577 (95% CI, 0.561-0.593) vs 0.536 (95% CI, 0.520-0.553; P < .001). This updated and revised Berlin Definition for ARDS addresses a number of the limitations of the AECC definition. The approach of combining consensus discussions with empirical evaluation may serve as a model to create more accurate, evidence-based, critical illness syndrome definitions and to better inform clinical care, research, and health services planning. PMID:22797452

Ranieri, V Marco; Rubenfeld, Gordon D; Thompson, B Taylor; Ferguson, Niall D; Caldwell, Ellen; Fan, Eddy; Camporota, Luigi; Slutsky, Arthur S

2012-06-20

13

Akademische Sternkarten, Berlin 1830-59  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The star charts published by the Berlin Academy between 1830 and 1859 are now largely remembered only for the fact that they enabled Galle to discover Neptune in 1846. The plan to produce them was proposed by F.W. Bessel in 1822 ( A.N.,l, 17, 257). He suggested that the catalogues of Bradley, Lalande and Piazzi should be reduced according to a uniform scheme and collated with the zone catalogues within 15 degrees of the equator which he was publishing piecemeal at that time. The catalogued stars were to be supplemented by un-catalogued stars which could be seen in a `comet-seeker'. The first reason put forward for the project was to aid the discovery of comets and minor planets. Twenty four astronomers were to take part in the work, each taking an hour of right ascension. The results were to be published by the `Koniglichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Berlin' as both charts and catalogue. The project was not completed until 1859, after Bessel's death. The introduction is signed by Encke and Dove. Most contributors confined themselves to the catalogued stars, only three made supplementary observations of fainter stars. They used a `Glasmikrometer' invented by Steinheil. The project is an early paradigm of international co-operation. It led to the `Bonner durchmusterung' of Argelander, who was himself a contributor to the Akademische Sternkarten. The 19th century concept of a `durchmusterung' led to the 20th century concept of a `flux-limited sample'.

Jones, D. H. P.

14

Microfilming of the Bach Manuscripts in the Staatsbibliothek Berlin.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a microfilming project to preserve music manuscripts of Johann Sebastian Bach at the Staatsbibliothek Berlin (Germany), highlighting project goals, problems and peculiarities encountered filming the collection, color micrography, and black-and-white filming. (PEN)

Penzold, Leonhard

1998-01-01

15

Electronic conductivity in Berlin green and Prussian blue  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report the temperature dependent (100-300 K) conductivity of Berlin green and Prussian blue powders. The method of electronic conduction in vacuum dried Berlin green is identified as hopping of localized electrons and vacuum dried Prussian blue is reaffirmed as an insulator. The assignment of the conduction mechanism is based upon fits to the experimental data, and the different conductivities of the two samples can be understood in terms of both molecular and simple crystalline energy levels of the solids.

Pajerowski, Daniel M.; Watanabe, Takeshi; Yamamoto, Takashi; Einaga, Yasuaki

2011-04-01

16

Heart transplantation at the Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin.  

PubMed

The Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin is one of the largest transplant centers in Germany with more than 1700 transplant procedures, more than 170 being procedures in children, in patients from the beginning of life to 71 years of age. Survival rates during the early and intermediate follow-up are lower than in international data; however, long-term survival at 15 years or more is similar. Discrepant survival rates derive mainly from the organ shortage that resulted in the development of a different allocation system in Germany as compared to North America and in the increasing number of patients undergoing the bridge-to-transplant concept to move the patient to transplantability. Thus, the patient at highest risk of death while on the waiting list, who according to the ISHLT registry is also the patient at highest risk of death early post-transplant, is the candidate most likely to undergo transplantation in Germany. Unfortunately, the myth persists of solving the donor organ shortage by increasing the "fairness" of organ allocation. Major goals of our transplant program are: the introduction of non-invasive cellular rejection screening with the intramyocardial electrogram (IMEG) and echocardiography; to characterize microvasculopathy in biopsy as a novel and easily diagnosed marker for poor prognosis; to identify Quilty as a determinant for poor prognosis; to propose classifications for microvasculopathy and epicardial vasculopathy that consider the diffuse character of the disease; and to provide insights into the therapeutic options and potential clinical benefits of novel immunosuppressive strategies. PMID:21696043

Hiemann, Nicola E; Huebler, Michael; Lehmkuhl, Hans; Potapov, Evgenij V; Hetzer, Roland

2010-01-01

17

Emile Berliner and the Birth of the Recording Industry  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Emile Berliner, an innovative entrepreneur of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, invented the microphone, flat recording disc, and gramophone player. This online exhibit of Mr. Berliner draws from the Emile Berliner papers and sound recordings of the Library of Congress's Motion Picture, Broadcasting, and Recorded Sound Division Industry. The collection consists of over 400 items from the manuscript collection and more than 100 sound recordings from the disc collection. Items in the collection range from correspondence, articles, lectures, and speeches to scrapbooks, photographs, clippings, and recordings. Most of the items date from the 1870s to the early 1930s, with a few items dating as late as 1956. Viewers may search the collection by keyword, or browse by recordings, subject, title, series, or name index.

2002-01-01

18

Eugen Goldstein and his Laboratory Work at the Berlin Observatory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At the end of the 19th century the astronomer and director of the Berlin Observatory, Wilhelm Foerster, started an extraordinary research project: He asked the physicist Eugen Goldstein to examine the nature of electricity in space experimentally. Eugen Goldstein (1850-1930) was one of the most deserving pioneers in the field of electricity, e. g. he discovered the canal rays and he introduced the term ``cathode ray''. He became assistent at the Berlin Observatory and his official duty was the research on relations between electricity and cosmic phenomena. As a result Goldstein successfully reproduced comet tails in gas discharge tubes. My speech is about the biography of Eugen Goldstein and his work at the Berlin Observatory. I will discuss some of his experiments and show a reproduction of his artificial comet tails.

Hedenus, Michael

19

Eugen Goldstein and his laboratory work at Berlin Observatory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At the end of the 19th century, the astronomer Wilhelm Foerster, director of Berlin Observatory, initiated an extraordinary research project: He asked the physicist Eugen Goldstein to examine experimentally the nature of electricity in space. Eugen Goldstein (1850-1930) was one of the most deserving pioneers in the field of electricity. He discovered, e.g., the canal rays, and he introduced the term cathode ray. He became assistent at Berlin Observatory, and his official duty was the research on relations between electricity and cosmic phenomena. As a result, Goldstein successfully reproduced comet tails in gas discharge tubes.

Hedenus, M.

2002-07-01

20

Haltung und Zucht des Spitzmaulnashorns ( Diceros bicornis) im Zoologischen Garten Berlin  

Microsoft Academic Search

The first Black rhino was kept in Berlin Zoo in 1870. After second world war the keeping of Diceros bicornis started in 1954. Between 1981 and 2006 16 births occurred in Berlin Zoo, of which 14 calfs were raised.

Bernhard Blaszkiewitz

2008-01-01

21

40 CFR 180.1011 - Viable spores of the microorganism Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner; exemption from the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Viable spores of the microorganism Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner...180.1011 Viable spores of the microorganism Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner...following specifications: (1) The microorganism shall be an authentic strain of...

2013-07-01

22

The quality of life of patients with paranoid schizophrenia in London and Berlin  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study compared the subjective and objective quality of life and needs of patients with paranoid schizophrenia between inner city areas in Berlin (69 patients) and London (75 patients). Quality of life was assessed by means of the Lancashire Quality of Life Profile (German version Berliner Lebensqualitatsprofi), and need was quantified using the Camberwell Assessment of Need (German version Berliner

M. Heinze; R. E. Taylor; S. Priebe; G. Thornicroft

1997-01-01

23

Emile Berliner and the Birth of the Recording Industry  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While many persons immediately recognize the contributions of Thomas A. Edison and Alexander Graham Bell to the recording industry, some may not know the name of their contemporary: Emile Berliner. An immigrant to the United States, Berliner made considerable improvements to the recording process, including the flat-disc recordings which eventually replaced the fragile and unwieldy cylinders developed by Edison. This online collection, developed by the American Memory project at the Library of Congress, presents over 400 items from their holdings, along with more than 100 sound recordings from the disc collection. Berliner may also be described as something of a Renaissance man, as he also developed the prototype for the microphone (which remains the basic template for those manufactured today), worked on making an acoustic tile that helped improve audio projection in older auditoriums, and contributed greatly the development of the helicopter. Here visitors can read some of his many items of correspondence, his musings on the inventive process, and the last letters he wrote before his death in 1929. The audio recordings here are a real treat, as they include John Philip Sousa's recording of his own marches and a precious recording of Berliner singing songs for his young grandson, Bobby Frank.

24

Martian Analogues Emissivity Spectra From the Berlin Emissivity Database (BED)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Remote sensing infrared spectroscopy is the principal field of investigation for planetary surfaces composition. Past, present and future missions to bodies in the solar system include in their payload instruments measuring the emerging radiation in the infrared range. For the interpretation of the measured data an emissivity spectral library of planetary analog materials is needed. The Berlin Emissivity Database (BED)

A. Maturilli; J. Helbert; L. Moroz

2006-01-01

25

Founding years of clinical neurology in Berlin until 1933.  

PubMed

During the so-called "Gründerjhare" or "founding years" in Berlin it became necessary to build new hospitals because of the rapid growth of population. As a result, several infirmaries, asylums for the insane and institutions for epileptics were build between 1877 and 1912. The new building of the University of Neuropsychiatric Clinic ("Nervenklinik") of the Charité was opened in 1905 according to plans made by Friedrich Jolly (1844-1904), the physician who named myasthenia gravis pseudoparalytica. A "Neurological Central Station", under the direction of Oskar and Cecil Vogt, in existence since 1898, was a research center dedicated more to morphology. There the study of the structure of the cerebral cortex by Korbinian Brodmann (1868-1925) and research into basal ganglia diseases by the Vogts began. The Kaiser-Wilhelm Institute for Cerebral Research, which moved into a new building in 1931, also had its origin here. Hermann Oppenheim (1858-1919) promoted independent clinical neurology, as did his younger contemporary, Max Lewandowsky (1876-1918), who was already advising physician for neurology at the Berlin-Friedrichshain Hospital. Hug Liepmann (1863-1925), the creator of apraxia theory, worked at the asylums for the insane in Dalldorf (Berlin-Wittenau) and Berlin-Herzberge. In 1911, the first neurological unit was established in the large hospital in Berlin-Buch under the direction of Otto Maas. Not until after World War I were further neurological hospital units founded, under the direction of Paul Schuster (1867-1940), Kurt Goldstein (1878-1965), Kurt Löwenstein (died in 1953) and Friedrich Heinrich Lewy (1885-1950). These Jewish physicians, as well as C.E. Benda and Otto Maas, had to leave their posts in 1933 and emigrate. The clinical institutions and scientific achievements of these pioneers of independent clinical neurology will be presented up to the point of its violent dissolution. PMID:15370309

Holdorff, B

2004-09-01

26

Berlin Access: an initiative of Berlin SMEs and Fraunhofer-HHI for new FTTH technologies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

"Berlin Access", a regional R&D project carried out by six companies and Heinrich Hertz Institute, Fraunhofer Society, is geared towards low cost solutions for fibre access network architectures (PON and CWDM-PON), ONU transceivers, and passive fibre components. Close communication with system manufacturers, non-incumbent carriers, and a city services supplier implementing a local FTTH network supports orientation towards market demands. In this paper we report on a new FTTH transceiver based on an all-polymer PLC motherboard. The waveguides exhibit high transmission, strong optical confinement, and large operation temperature range. Low loss passively adjusted fibre/PLC coupling is achieved by employing a waveguide taper. Downstream/upstream wavelength separation is accomplished by a directional coupler, or, alternatively, a thin film filter inserted into the input/output waveguide (the latter approach also allowing for the provisioning of an overlay broadcasting channel). The horizontal-cavity surface-emitting laser diode, the pin-photodiode (equipped with a thin film filter for improved crosstalk suppression), and the monitor diode are all flip-chip surface mounted; the light being coupled via 45° waveguide mirrors. Chip mounting can be done with a commercial fineplacer using semi-active automatic alignment. Micro-strip lines with impedances adapted to both laser and photodiode are fabricated on the basis of the PLC films. The polymer motherboard integration scheme offers compact transceiver optical subassemblies and lends itself favourably to highly automized, low cost manufacturing with high yield. Extended functionalities like loss of light alarm or concepts for colourless CWDM ONUs can be easily realized with this concept.

Döldissen, Walter; Keil, Norbert; Möhrle, Martin; Schlaak, Wolfgang; Yao, Huihai; Zawadzki, Crispin

2006-08-01

27

[Preserved stegomyia and vinegared microbes: Brazil's triumph in Berlin].  

PubMed

The article investigates the circumstances leading to Brazil being awarded the first prize at the XIV International Conference on Demography and Hygiene, held in Berlin in 1907. An examination of the unpublished correspondence between Henrique da Rocha Lima and Oswaldo Cruz prior to the conference/exhibition reveals the peculiarities of a Brazilian-style event, where the outcome seems to be determined by haphazard incidents rather than by meticulously planned strategies. Their letters can also be read as a narrative celebrating individual qualities, as they attribute the victory in Berlin much more to Rocha Lima's than Oswaldo Cruz's personal merits. In light of the Raízes do Brasil, a classic by Sérgio Buarque de Holanda, this article also addresses the issue regarding the dispute between the Iberian and Anglo-Saxon worlds over the Brazilian victory. PMID:16683335

Cukierman, H L

28

[Young man with gunshot wound (GSW)--what killed Ernst vom Rath?].  

PubMed

On the morning of November 7, 1938 vom Rath, a diplomat at the German embassy in Paris, was shot by Herschel Grynzspan, a Jewish teenager. Of the 5 shots fired, 2 hit vom Rath, one in the right shoulder and one in the abdomen. He was rushed to Alma Women's Hospital near the embassy, where emergency surgery was undertaken. Two days later his condition deteriorated rapidly and succumbed 55 hours after the shooting. It is believed that the assassination triggered the "Kristallnacht"--the organized Nazi pogrom against Jews across Germany. Based on the Alma hospital registry, autopsy findings and articles from recent years, the course of his condition and possible cause of his death are discussed. The possibility of malpractice, and even medical fraud, which led to his death are also mentioned. PMID:24416826

Shasha, Shaul M; Eithan, Arieh; Feinsod, Moshe; Georg M, Weisz

2013-11-01

29

Das Bild vom demokratischen Soldaten: Erste Ergebnisse der empirischen Fallstudie zur Bundeswehr  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In welchem Verhältnis stehen demokratische Gesellschaften zum Militär, und wie drückt sich dies im jeweiligen Soldatenbild\\u000a aus? Diesen Fragen widmet sich das Forschungsprojekt mit dem Titel „Das Bild vom demokratischen Soldaten: Spannungen zwischen\\u000a der Streitkräfteorganisation und den Grundsätzen der Demokratie im europäischen Vergleich“, das seit Mai 2006 mit einer Laufzeit\\u000a von drei Jahren an der Hessischen Stiftung Friedens- und Konfliktforschung

Julika Bake

30

The kestrel ( Falco tinnunculus L.) in Berlin: investigation of breeding biology and feeding ecology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Approximately 200–250 pairs of kestrels (Falco tinnunculus) breed in Berlin, preferentially in nest boxes. From 2002 to 2004, ten monitoring sites (breeding sites) characterised by different housing structure, land utilisation, vegetation cover and degree of building density were studied in Berlin: four in the city centre, three in a mixed zone and three in the outskirts. All pairs bred in

Sonja Kübler; Stefan Kupko; Ulrich Zeller

2005-01-01

31

Managing Library Staff from a Different Cultural Background--The East-West Conflict in Berlin.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses personnel management issues that arose when the East Berlin (Germany) Municipal Library and the West Berlin America Memorial Library united in 1995 to form the Central and State Library. The first section provides historical background on the two libraries and their merger. The second section summarizes the East-West conflict…

Lux, Claudia

32

SATYRS BY THE BERLIN PAINTER AND A NEW INTERPRETATION OF HIS NAMEPIECE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Die Satyrn des Berliner Malers unterscheiden sich deutlich von den ungebärdigen Gesellen, die andere Maler wiedergaben; mit diesen verglichen erscheinen sie oft ganz zahm und manierlich. Dies trifft besonders auf die Satyrn der namengebenden Vase zu, einer stattlichen Amphora des Typus A, die in Berlin aufbewahrt wird (Taf. 2, 1-2; 3, 1). Auf der Vorderseite steht ein Satyr, der ein

MARY B. MOORE

2006-01-01

33

[Eating disorders in adolescents in East and West Berlin in the 80's].  

PubMed

Data collected in the 1980's, before the reunification of Germany, and comparing 39 patients in former East Berlin and 60 patients in former West Berlin are presented in this second report on the Berlin longitudinal study of eating disorders in adolescence. The clinical profiles of patients of former East Berlin were found to differ from those of their West Berlin counterparts in the following assessed measures: younger age at disease onset and at admission for inpatient treatment; greater number of siblings; fewer accounts of the clinical symptoms lanugo, bradycardia, hypothermia, constipation; lower rate of premorbid psychopathological features; lower number of psychopathological findings; less frequent sibling rivalry; lower rate of psychopathological attributes among the siblings; lower incidence of maternal mental and physical illness; higher parental educational status; fewer number of complaints, and better sense of well-being. PMID:8165205

Neumärker, K J; Steinhausen, H C; Dudeck, U; Neumärker, U; Seidel, R; Reitzle, M

1994-02-01

34

The 3He filter project at HMI Berlin  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nuclear-spin polarised gaseous 3He serves as a polarising filter for neutron beams. It can be used for a broad range of neutron wavelengths and also for divergent beams, since the polarisation mechanism is decoupled from the beam optics. This method is the most promising technique for polarising neutron beams at spallation sources. Hence the realisation of such a flexible tool for neutron scattering is a focal point in the instrumental development programme at the HMI Berlin. The method we favour to polarise 3He is that of optical pumping via the metastable 2 3S 1 and 2 3P states. The 3He station will include a unit for the polarisation of the Helium, a compressor to produce sufficient number densities of He atoms and filter cells to store the polarised gas. An overview on the status of the project at the HMI will be given.

Danzig, A.; Rupp, A.

1999-06-01

35

Marble Deterioration and Climate: Examples from the Schlossbrücke Berlin  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Protective structures for works of art or antique artefacts have a long architectural tradition and have been known in Germany since the 19th century. The effect of such covers on the microclimate around artworks of natural stone, and hence, their protective capability are insufficiently documented and understood. In 2007, an inter-disciplinary model project and part of a pilot study coordinated by the Berlin State Office for the Protection of Monuments was planned with the aim of developing an innovative winter covering system for marble statuaries located on the Schlossbrücke in Berlin. Such a system would need to fulfil the various requirements for structural stability, aesthetics, climate and practical use. This applied research represents the first complex scientific study of the sustainability of a winter covering system. A climate monitoring system was designed to create a dense database for the numerical prediction of the effect of protective systems, and to compare the given climate conditions to the known factors influencing the marble deterioration. Based on these findings a prototype of an innovative shelter was designed and tested. The project shows, that beside a temporary covering regular inspection and maintenance combined with regular cleaning ensures an effective and sustainable protection of marble sculptures. Such a maintenance program is the precondition for preserving the sculptures of the Schlossbrücke as a historical ensemble. Important scientific results of the project are transferable to similar objects of Carrara marble. The results throw a new light on the conventional protection of such objects and leads to a discussion on the necessity of an all-season protection.

Pirskawetz, S.; Siegesmund, S.; Weise, F.; Rieffel, Y.; Plagge, R.

2012-04-01

36

Gottfried Kirch (1639-1710) and astronomy in Berlin in the 18th century. Contributions of the colloquium held in Berlin-Treptow on March 6, 2010 (German Title: Gottfried Kirch (1639-1710) und die Berliner Astronomie im 18. Jahrhundert.) Beiträge des Kolloquiums am 6. März 2010 in Berlin-Treptow  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The contributions of this volume are dedicated to Gottfried Kirch (1639-1710), the first Berlin astronomer, on the occasion of the 300th anniversary of his death. They deal with the astronomy of his times and developments in later times, which are connected to his work. The papers deal with the following topics: The instrumental equipment of Berlin Observatory at the time of G. Kirch and its modernisation up to around 1780; the instruments of Johann Makob Marioni's Viennese observatory around 1730; the heraldic celestial globe by Kirch's teacher Erhard Weigel. In addition, they deal with Kirch's share in the propagation of ideas of the Enlightenment, and with the Berlin meteorological record and its consequences for the investigation of anthropogenous climatic changes. They also deal with astronomical topics in the exchange of letters between Leonhard Euler and Daniel Bernoulli, and with the Berlin "Astronomisches Jahrbuch", which is based on Kirch's activities, as a biographical source.

Hamel, Jürgen

2010-12-01

37

The Berlin Poliklinik: psychoanalytic innovation in Weimar Germany.  

PubMed

After Freud proposed in 1918 the creation of "institutions or out-patient clinics [where] treatment will be free," Max Eitingon, Ernst Simmel, and other progressive psychoanalysts founded the Berlin Poliklinik, a free outpatient clinic. Guided by Weimar Republic principles of "radical functionalism," the Poliklinik and its companion inpatient service, the Schloss Tegel Sanatorium, pioneered treatment and training methodologies still used--and still debated--today. Their funding strategies, statistics, and approaches to clinical problems like length of treatment tell the history of an innovative psychoanalytic institute where men and women were generally treated in equal numbers and patients (ranging in occupational status from unemployed to professional) of all ages were treated free. Franz Alexander, Karl Abraham, Theresa Benedek, Paul Federn, Otto Fenichel, Edith Jacobson, Karen Horney, Erich Fromm, Helene Deutsch, Hanns Sachs, Sándor Radó, Hermine von Hug-Hellmuth, Wilhelm Reich, Annie Reich, and Melanie Klein all worked at the Poliklinik, and from there initiated decades of original clinical theory, practice, and education. PMID:10650563

Danto, E A

1999-01-01

38

The Mars-Simulation-Facility at DLR-Berlin  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The thermo-physical Mars-Simulation-Facility of the DLR at Berlin allows to perform physical, chemical, and biological experiments under thermo-physical Mars-like conditions (as p(t), T(t), humidity (t), gas composition (t), VIS+UV(t)) with arbitrary and externally given time profiles of these parameters. It includes generators for humidity, temperature, gas contents and pressures, a gas-dryer and -mixer, a regulated freezing box (> - 80° C), a possibility for the creation of under-pressure within the freezing box, and gas-exchange, electrical and (fibre based) optical put-through into the experiment chamber. The measuring capabilities are kept flexible to reach a maximum of suitability for the hardware configuration, as it is required by the experiments. The diagnostic tools include photosynthesis monitoring, sample acquisition for GC or MS, spectrometry, monitoring of the mentioned above thermo-physical parameters, and in-situ inspection by an internal camera. A specific electronic managing and logging system has been developed and manufactured.

Mohlmann, D. T.; Wernecke, R.; Schwanke, V.

39

Drinking-Water Production in Urban Environments - Bank Filtration in Berlin  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Berlin relies on induced bank filtration from a broad-scale, lake-type surface water system. Because the hydraulic conductivity of the lake sediments is low, infiltration only occurs close to the more permeable shore zones. Using multiple environmental tracer methods, a strong vertical age stratification of the bank filtrate could be shown. Travel times are generally long and vary throughout the upper aquifers from a few months near the ground surface to several decades in greater depth. Infiltration is mostly anoxic and redox zones were found to be vertically stratified too, becoming more reducing with depth. Because Berlin’s watercourses contain a proportion of treated municipal sewage a number of wastewater residues, e. g. pharmaceutical residues, were detected in surface water and groundwater. While the majority of the pharmaceutical residues studied were efficiently removed during underground passage, some substances (AMDOPH, primidone and carbamazepine) were found to be very persistent.

Massmann, G.; Pekdeger, A.; Heberer, T.; Grützmacher, G.; Dünnbier, U.; Knappe, A.; Meyer, H.; Mechlinski, A.

2007-09-01

40

Germany's Past Contested: The Soviet-American Conflict in Berlin over History Curriculum Reform, 1945-48.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recounts the dialogue between U. S. and Soviet members of the Allied Kommandatura Education Committee (AKEC) in post World War II Berlin regarding the formation of a new history curriculum for German youth. Concludes that the history curriculum accord represented a U.S.-Soviet desire to use schools as a means of denazifying Berlin youth. (SLM)

Wegner, Gregory P.

1990-01-01

41

In the Center of the Cold War: The American Occupation of Berlin and Education Reform, 1945-1952.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines educational policy formation in the Education and Religion branch of postwar Berlin's Office of Military Government relating to the "gymnasium," a potent symbol of elite German schooling tradition. As shown by West Berlin's conservative 1950s schooling policies, German education traditions were so powerful that neither Hitler's efforts…

Wegner, Gregory

1995-01-01

42

Two Types of Health Care Systems and Their Influence on the Introduction of Perinatal Care: An Epidemiological Twin Model in Berlin from 1950 to 1990  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: When perinatal medicine emerged as a new medical discipline in the 1960s, Berlin was as one of the world's leading centers. During that time, the city was separated into two parts, each fostering its own health care system. After the destruction of the Berlin Wall, it was possible to speak with the citizens of East Berlin and to access

Birgit Arabin; Elke Raum; Axel Mohnhaupt; Friedrich Wilhelm Schwartz

1999-01-01

43

Fitness as "Social Heritage": A Study of Elementary School Pupils in Berlin  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Health and fitness among children and adolescents is a subject currently receiving public attention. This article focuses on the fitness of German pupils (third and fourth grades) in five schools in Berlin with widely differing social catchment areas as well as children from differing social backgrounds. Besides an orthopaedic examination and…

Pfister, Gertrud; Reeg, Annemarie

2006-01-01

44

Improving the Quality of the Teaching Force: A Conversation with David C. Berliner.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a question-and-answer session, David C. Berliner discusses wide range of topics related to current state of the teaching profession, including qualities of the expert teacher, attracting higher quality teachers, teacher career-stage programs, merit pay, and promising reforms for teacher education in last decade. (PKP)

Scherer, Marge

2001-01-01

45

Fluid and Crystallized Intelligence and the Berlin Model of Intelligence Structure (BIS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Assessment of intelligence is often based on fluid (gf) and crystallized intelligence (gc), and – in the German-speaking countries – the Berlin Model of Intelligence Structure (BIS). As yet, however, the two approaches have not been systematically related to each other. The present study therefore aims to identify possible relationships between the approaches. We hypothesize that gf is related to

André Beauducel; Martin Kersting

2002-01-01

46

Mutualism, resource competition and opposing movements among Turkish organizations in Amsterdam and Berlin, 1965-2000.  

PubMed

This article seeks to understand environmental effects on associational interdependencies, be they competitive or collaborative, in a polarized organizational population. To do so, it builds on the density-dependent model and the ecology of ideologies. Especially interested in the effect of context on density-dependent processes, I compare different Turkish ideological movements in Amsterdam and Berlin. Amsterdam represents an open and supportive environment for such movements, whereas Berlin constitutes a more closed and hostile one. By analysing the founding and disbanding rates of Turkish immigrant organizations in Amsterdam and Berlin during the period 1965-2000, the article demonstrates how the increasing density of Turkish ideologies has affected interdependencies in two main ways: by heightening competition, particularly between ideologically similar organizations, and by increasing counter activities between opposing movements. It also shows that the influence of context is limited. An open environment does not significantly influence the vitality rates of ideologies or further collaboration among or between them. On the contrary, it seemingly increases competition and fragmentation because more resources and opportunities are available. More signs of collaboration and mutualism are found in Berlin's closed environment. PMID:23998320

Vermeulen, Floris

2013-09-01

47

Hospital admissions due to adverse drug reactions: A comparative study from Jerusalem and Berlin  

Microsoft Academic Search

A comparative study of adverse drug reactions (ADR) leading to hospital admission showed that 103 (4.1%) out of 2499 medical admissions in Jerusalem and 167 (5.7%) out of 2933 admissions in Berlin were due to such reactions. Sex distribution in the two patient — populations was almost equal but the Jerusalem patients were younger. The most frequent ADRs were digitalis

M. Levy; H. Kewitz; W. Altwein; J. Hillebrand; M. Eliakim

1980-01-01

48

Return of the Pink Rabbit? A Visit to a Jewish School in Berlin.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a day in the life of teachers and students at a Jewish elementary school in Berlin, Germany. On this 1994 mid-October morning, the school is under tight security, since skinheads began defacing Jewish graves, neo-Nazis started chanting in the streets, and Palestinian radicals began attacking German Jews. Education toward faith is the…

Rodden, John

1996-01-01

49

A comparison of municipal solid waste management in Berlin and Singapore  

SciTech Connect

A comparative analysis of municipal solid waste management (MSWM) in Singapore and Berlin was carried out in order to identify its current status, and highlight the prevailing conditions of MSWM. An overview of the various aspects of MSWM in these two cities is provided, with emphasis on comparing the legal, technical, and managerial aspects of MSW. Collection systems and recycling practiced with respect to the involvement of the government and the private sector, are also presented. Over last two decades, the city of Berlin has made impressive progress with respect to its waste management. The amounts of waste have declined significantly, and at the same time the proportion that could be recovered and recycled has increased. In contrast, although Singapore's recycling rate has been increasing over the past few years, rapid economic and population growth as well as change in consumption patterns in this city-state has caused waste generation to continue to increase. Landfilling of MSW plays minor role in both cities, one due to geography (Singapore) and the other due to legislative prohibition (Berlin). Consequently, both in Singapore and Berlin, waste is increasingly being used as a valuable resource and great efforts have been made for the development of incineration technology and energy recovery, as well as climate protection.

Zhang Dongqing, E-mail: dqzhang@ntu.edu.s [DHI-NTU Centre, Nanyang Environment and Water Research Institute, Nanyang Technological University, 50 Nanyang Avenue, Singapore 639798 (Singapore); Keat, Tan Soon [Maritime Research Centre, School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, 50 Nanyang Avenue, Singapore 639798 (Singapore); Gersberg, Richard M. [Graduate School of Public Health, San Diego State University, Hardy Tower 119, 5500 Campanile, San Diego CA 92182-4162 (United States)

2010-05-15

50

Berlin, Moscow, Warsaw: a century of sibling rivalry expressed in urban form  

Microsoft Academic Search

The troubled, historical relationship between Russia, Poland and Germany is revealed in their struggles for dominance over borderland territories. Berlin, Moscow and Warsaw boast scars left by dynastic wars and cultural skirmishes between these nations before 1914. The final Partition of Poland (1795), making Warsaw the third largest city in the Russian empire, and its destruction in 1944–5, epitomise their

Gregory Andrusz

2008-01-01

51

Pulsatile mechanical cardiac assistance in pediatric patients with the Berlin heart ventricular assist device.  

PubMed

Mechanical cardiac assistance for neonates, infants, children and adolescents may be accomplished with pulsatile ventricular assist devices (VAD) instead of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation or centrifugal pumps. The Berlin Heart VAD consists of extracorporeal, pneumatically driven blood pumps for pulsatile univentricular or biventricular assistance for patients of all age groups. The blood pumps are heparin-coated. The stationary driving unit (IKUS) has the required enhanced compressor performance for pediatric pump sizes. The Berlin Heart VAD was used in a total number of 424 patients from 1987 to November 2001 at our institution. In 45 pediatric patients aged 2 days-17 years the Berlin Heart VAD was applied for long-term support (1-111 days, mean 20 days). There were three patient groups: Group I: "Bridge to transplantation" with various forms of cardiomyopathy (N = 21) or chronic stages of congenital heart disease (N = 9); Group II: "Rescue" in intractable heart failure after corrective surgery for congenital disease (N = 7) or in early graft failure after heart transplantation (N = 1); and Group III: "Acute myocarditis" (N = 7) as either bridge to transplantation or bridge to recovery. Seventeen patients were transplanted after support periods of between 4 and 111 days with 12 long-term survivors, having now survived for up to 10 years. Five patients (Groups I and III) were weaned from the system with four long-term survivors. In Group II only one patient survived after successful transplantation. Prolonged circulatory support with the Berlin Heart VAD is an effective method for bridging until cardiac recovery or transplantation in the pediatric age group. Extubation, mobilization, and enteral nutrition are possible. For long-term use, the Berlin Heart VAD offers advantages over centrifugal pumps and ECMO in respect to patient mobility and safety. PMID:12939019

Merkle, Frank; Boettcher, Wolfgang; Stiller, Brigitte; Hetzer, Roland

2003-06-01

52

Rebuttal of "Flawed Experimental Design Reveals the Need for Guidelines Requiring Appropriate Positive Controls in Endocrine Disruption Research" by (Vom Saa12010)  

EPA Science Inventory

In response to the letter to Toxicological Sciences by Vom Saal et al. (2010) that provided criticisms of our recent paper, we have prepared a categorical rebuttal. In this rebuttal we describe ? That the developmental effects of the potent environment estrogen Ethinyl Estradio...

53

Long-Term Observations of Operated and Irradiated Breast Carcinoma. Studies on Patients of Moabit Hospital, Berlin.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

498 patients with histologically established and surgically removed breast carcinomas received post-operative irradiation treatment at Moabit hospital, Berlin, between 1965 and 1975. The long-term results of this largely standardized therapy have been com...

G. Decker-Mroz R. Schroeder

1983-01-01

54

Installation of a technological center for highly efficient optical gratings at Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin (HZB)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 2009 Carl Zeiss stopped the manufacture of precision gratings. All users of their gratings were very concerned about this decision, since they all need precision gratings for their experiments. One of the institutes of the HZB, the Institute for Nanometer Optics and Technology (INT), has extensive experience in micro fabrication (technology group). In spring 2010, HZB decided to take over the old C. Zeiss grating fabrication and build up its own technology center for grating fabrication. In March 2010, the INT applied to the Senate of Berlin for funding for our project from the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF). In October 2010, HZB received an approval of its application from the Senate of Berlin (contract No 20072013 2/43). Using this governmental support, HZB will install all necessary equipment and processes to fulfill these demands until end of 2013.

Loechel, B.; Erko, A.; Lemke, St.; Nelles, B.; Schmidt, M.; Senf, F.

2013-03-01

55

Professor Bernhard Pollack (1865-1928) of Friedrich Wilhelm University, Berlin: neurohistologist, ophthalmologist, pianist.  

PubMed

This article highlights the life and work of Bernhard Pollack (1865-1928), a pioneer neurohistologist, ophthalmologist, and world-class pianist. In 1897, Pollack published the first standard manual on staining methods for the nervous system. Born into a Prussian-Jewish family, he received his piano education from the composer Moritz Moszkowski and his pathology education from Carl Weigert. Pollack worked in the Institutes of Wilhelm Waldeyer (anatomy), Emanuel Mendel (neuropsychiatry), the later Nobel laureate Robert Koch (infectious diseases), and the Eye Policlinic of Paul Silex (ophthalmology), becoming a Professor of Ophthalmology at Berlin's Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität in 1919. The study also chronicles the founding by Pollack of the Berlin Doctors' Orchestra in 1911. PMID:22572721

Triarhou, Lazaros C

2012-01-01

56

First Considerations Concerning an Optimized Cavity Design for the Main Linac of BERLinPro  

SciTech Connect

The Berlin Energy Recovery Linac Project (BERLinPro) is designed to develop and demonstrate CW linac technology and expertise required to drive next-generation Energy Recovery Linacs. Strongly HOM-damped multicell 1.3 GHz cavities are required for the main linac. The optimization of the cavities presented here is primarily based on the CEBAF 1.5 GHz 5-cell high-current cavity design, including HOM waveguide couplers. The cavity was scaled to 1.3 GHz and extended to 7 cells. Modifications to the end group design have also been studied. An effort was also made to reduce the ratio Epk/Eacc while still permitting HOMs to propagate.

B. Riemann, T. Weis, W. Anders, J. Knobloch, A. Neumann, H.-W. Glock, C. Potratz, U. van Rienen, F. Marhauser

2011-09-01

57

The Energy Materials in-Situ Laboratory Berlin (EMIL) at BESSY II  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Helmholtz Center Berlin (HZB) and the Max-Planck Society (MPG) strengthen their research in renewable energies with the implementation of the joint Energy Material in-Situ Lab Berlin (EMIL) at the third generation light source BESSY II. The new facility is dedicated to the in-situ and in-system x-ray analysis of materials and devices for photovoltaic applications, (photo-) catalytic processes, energie conversion and storage. To obtain a comprehensive understanding of the involved materials, spectroscopic methods with x-rays from the soft- up to the hard x-ray regime reveal an almost complete picture of their chemical and electronic properties. The contribution presents the layout of the x-ray beamlines and their performance in terms of photon flux, energy resolution and spot sizes.

Follath, R.; Hävecker, M.; Reichardt, G.; Lips, K.; Bahrdt, J.; Schäfers, F.; Schmid, P.

2013-03-01

58

The Berlin Brain-Computer Interface: Machine Learning Based Detection of User Specific Brain States  

Microsoft Academic Search

We outline the Berlin Brain-Computer Interface (BBCI), a system which enables us to translate brain signals from movements or movement intentions into control commands. The main contribution of the BBCI, which is a non-invasive EEG-based BCI system, is the use of advanced machine learning techniques that allow to adapt to the specific brain signatures of each user with literally no

Benjamin Blankertz; Guido Dornhege; Steven Lemm; Matthias Krauledat; Gabriel Curio; Klaus-robert Müller

2006-01-01

59

Clinical Experience With Berlin Heart Excor in Pediatric Patients in Argentina: 1373 days of Cardiac Support  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to describe our experience (1373 days of support) with the Berlin Heart Excor (BH) ventricular-assist\\u000a device (VAD) as bridging to cardiac transplantation in pediatric patients with end-stage cardiomyopathy. This study involved\\u000a a retrospective observational cohort. Records of patients supported with the BH VAD were reviewed. Data regarding age, sex,\\u000a weight, diagnosis, preoperative condition, single versus

Guillermo E. Moreno; Alberto Charroqui; María L. Pilán; Ricardo H. Magliola; Mariela P. Krynski; María Althabe; Luis M. Landry; Gabriela Sciuccati; Alejandra Villa; Horacio Vogelfang

2011-01-01

60

Development and assessment of protective winter covers for marble statuaries of the Schlossbrücke, Berlin (Germany)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study documents the results of an inter-disciplinary model project that was planned with the aim of developing\\u000a an innovative winter covering system for marble statuaries located on the Schlossbrücke (Berlin). Such a system would need\\u000a to fulfil the various requirements for structural stability, aesthetics, climate and practical use. This applied research\\u000a represents the first complex scientific study of

Joerg RuedrichYork; York Rieffel; Stephan Pirskawetz; Holger Alpermann; Ute Joksch; Christoph Gengnagel; Frank Weise; Rudolph Plagge; Jianhua Zhao; Siegfried Siegesmund

2011-01-01

61

Tularaemia in Berlin - two independent cases in travellers returning from central Anatolia, Turkey, February 2011.  

PubMed

Tularaemia, though rare, has recently been increasingly reported in Germany. Most cases are indigenous infections. This report describes two epidemiologically independent infections with Francisella tularensis subspecies holarctica detected in Berlin in February 2011 that were acquired in central Anatolia, Turkey. In Turkey, there have been repeated tularaemia outbreaks since 2000 and the disease should therefore be considered as a differential diagnosis in travellers returning from that country. PMID:21586267

Schubert, A; Splettstoesser, W; Bätzing-Feigenbaum, J

2011-01-01

62

[History as politics. Medical historians in Berlin and Graz serving the NS-State].  

PubMed

History of medicine played an important part in the ideology and policy of the Third Reich. The Nazi Party and the "Schutzstaffel" (SS) tried to instrumentalize historical knowledge to justify their ideology and medical ethics. The academic discipline of the history of medicine saw a revival during the Nazi period and, especially, during the Second World War. Important medical historians were eager to contribute to a symbiosis between the State and their field. The close relationship between the history of medicine and the Nazi regime was particularly apparent at Paul Diepgen's Department for the History of Medicine and Natural Sciences at the University of Berlin. Diepgen, apart from his own collaboration with the Nazi regime, was the teacher of Bernward J. Gottlieb who became the leading medical historian of the SS and Director of the new "SS-Institute for the History of Medicine" in Berlin in 1941. Gottlieb's institute moved in 1943 to the "SS-Academy" in Graz to train future SS-physicians in the history of medicine. The history of medicine was of great relevance also for certain members of the Nazi elite. They included Heinrich Himmler, the head of the SS, who ensured that Gottlieb would become Diepgen's successor in 1945 for the chair of medical history at the University of Berlin. Hitler was asked to intervene in the appointment process given the political importance of the field and, in particular, the professorship being located in Berlin. The SS was able to exercise, by this time, a decisive influence on the field of the history of medicine. Only the collapse of the Third Reich prevented the traditional discipline from becoming a "science" to legitimize the Nazi System and the SS. The aim of this paper is to examine the role of the field of the history of medicine and of its key institutions and personalities during the Third Reich. PMID:17144620

Bruns, Florian; Frewer, Andreas

2005-01-01

63

The Berlin brain-computer interface: EEG-based communication without subject training  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Berlin Brain-Computer Interface (BBCI) project develops a noninvasive BCI system whose key features are 1) the use of well-established motor competences as control paradigms, 2) high-dimensional features from 128-channel electroencephalogram (EEG), and 3) advanced machine learning techniques. As reported earlier, our experiments demonstrate that very high information transfer rates can be achieved using the readiness potential (RP) when predicting

Benjamin Blankertz; Guido Dornhege; Matthias Krauledat; Klaus-Robert Müller; Volker Kunzmann; Florian Losch; Gabriel Curio

2006-01-01

64

Berlin questionnaire study in surgical patient in Alzahra Hospital in year 2010  

PubMed Central

Background: To examine the prevalence of high-risk subjects of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and its predictive factors in patients undergoing elective surgery by using the Berlin Questionnaire. Materials and Methods: 300 surgical ASA physical status I, II, III, and IV patients were surveyed. Patients were screened with the Berlin questionnaire for obstructive sleep apnea. Data of sex, age, BMI and HTN also evaluated. Data were analyzed by Chi-square test and P < 0.05 was meaningful. Results: The Berlin questionnaire identified 25.3% (76/300) of patients as being at high risk of sleep apnea (95% confidence interval, 20%-28%). This group consisted of 195 (65%) males and 105 (35%) females. The prevalence of high-risk subjects in men were more significantly than women (P = 0.001). High-risk subjects also were increasing with age (P = 0.000) and increasing with obesity (P = 0.000) and arterial hypertension (P = 0.000). Conclusions: Predictors of high risk for OSA-related symptoms were female sex, age more than 50 years, and body mass index.

Amra, Babak; Saberpur, Shahhin; Ghoharian, Vahid; Tabatabai, Sayed Abbas; Akbari, Mojtaba; Beni, Batool Hashemi

2013-01-01

65

Complication profile of the Berlin Heart EXCOR biventricular support in children.  

PubMed

In chronic cardiomyopathy, mechanical circulatory support (MCS) plays an increasingly important role for children as the shortage of suitable donor hearts increases waiting time on the transplant list. We report our experience with the paracorporal Berlin Heart EXCOR System (Berlin Heart AG, Berlin, Germany) used as a biventricuclar assist device (BVAD). Nine patients with a BVAD EXCOR system were treated between 2006 and 2012; out of these patients, four were less than 18 years old (6, 14, 14, and 17 years old). Their diagnoses were postcardotomy failure (n?=?1), dilatative cardiomyopathy (n?=?2), and terminal heart failure (n?=?1). Overall survival, waiting time for heart transplantation (HTx) and complication profile for the BVAD were analyzed retrospectively. Thirty days' mortality was 25% (n?=?1). One child died after 84 days on support due to cerebral bleeding. Mean support time was 218.75 days (4, 84, 262, and 525 days). Pump chamber exchange was necessary three times due to pump chamber thrombosis (n?=?2) and partial pump chamber membrane rupture (n?=?1). Complications included: sepsis (n?=?1), drive line infection requiring intravenous antibiotics (n?=?2), and recurrent epistaxis (n?=?3). Two children were successfully transplanted after 262/525 days on BVAD; they are currently at home (follow-up: 1.9 and 2.3 years). The EXCOR is a life-saving MCS system suitable for long-term paracorporeal biventricular assistance. PMID:23461760

Schweiger, Martin; Schrempf, Julia; Sereinigg, Michael; Prenner, Günther; Tscheliessnigg, Karlheinz H; Wasler, Andre; Krumnikel, Jacub; Gamillschegg, Andreas; Knez, Igor

2013-08-01

66

Detection prognostically relevant genetic abnormalities childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia: recommendations Biology Diagnosis Committee International Berlin-Frankfurt.2010  

EPA Pesticide Factsheets

Did you mean: Detection prognostically relevant genetic abnormalities childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia: recommendations Biology Diagnosis Committee International Berlin-Frankfurt.2010 ?

67

Is there still a role for the lung injury score in the era of the Berlin definition ARDS?  

PubMed Central

Background The Lung Injury Score (LIS) remains a commonly utilized measure of lung injury severity though the additive value of LIS to predict ARDS outcomes over the recent Berlin definition of ARDS, which incorporates severity, is not known. Methods We tested the association of LIS (in which scores range from 0 to 4, with higher scores indicating more severe lung injury) and its four components calculated on the day of ARDS diagnosis with ARDS morbidity and mortality in a large, multi-ICU cohort of patients with Berlin-defined ARDS. Receiver Operator Characteristic (ROC) curves were generated to compare the predictive validity of LIS for mortality to Berlin stages of severity (mild, moderate and severe). Results In 550 ARDS patients, a one-point increase in LIS was associated with 58% increased odds of in-hospital death (95% CI 14 to 219%, P?=?0.006), a 7% reduction in ventilator-free days (95% CI 2 to 13%, P?=?0.01), and, among patients surviving hospitalization, a 25% increase in days of mechanical ventilation (95% CI 9 to 43%, P?=?0.001) and a 16% increase (95% CI 2 to 31%, P?=?0.02) in the number of ICU days. However, the mean LIS was only 0.2 points higher (95% CI 0.1 to 0.3) among those who died compared to those who lived. Berlin stages of severity were highly correlated with LIS (Spearman’s rho 0.72, P?Berlin stages of severity with an area under the curve of 0.58 compared to 0.60, respectively (P-value 0.49). Conclusions In a large, multi-ICU cohort of patients with ARDS, both LIS and the Berlin definition severity stages were associated with increased in-hospital morbidity and mortality. However, predictive validity of both scores was marginal, and there was no additive value of LIS over Berlin. Although neither LIS nor the Berlin definition were designed to prognosticate outcomes, these findings suggest that the role of LIS in characterizing lung injury severity in the era of the Berlin definition ARDS may be limited.

2014-01-01

68

Human papillomavirus vaccine uptake, knowledge and attitude among 10th grade students in Berlin, Germany, 2010  

PubMed Central

Purpose: Since March 2007, the Standing Committee on Vaccination (STIKO) recommends HPV vaccination for all 12–17 y-old females in Germany. In the absence of an immunization register, we aimed at assessing HPV-vaccination coverage and knowledge among students in Berlin, the largest city in Germany, to identify factors influencing HPV-vaccine uptake. Results: Between September and December 2010, 442 students completed the questionnaire (mean age 15.1; range 14–19). In total 281/442 (63.6%) students specified HPV correctly as a sexually transmitted infection. Of 238 participating girls, 161 (67.6%) provided their vaccination records. Among these, 66 (41.0%) had received the recommended three HPV-vaccine doses. Reasons for being HPV-unvaccinated were reported by 65 girls: Dissuasion from parents (40.2%), dissuasion from their physician (18.5%), and concerns about side-effects (30.8%) (multiple choices possible). The odds of being vaccinated increased with age (Odds Ratio (OR) 2.19, 95% Confidence Interval (CI) 1.16, 4.15) and decreased with negative attitude toward vaccinations (OR = 0.33, 95%CI 0.13, 0.84). Methods: Self-administered questionnaires were distributed to 10th grade school students in 14 participating schools in Berlin to assess socio-demographic characteristics, knowledge, and statements on vaccinations. Vaccination records were reviewed. Multivariable statistical methods were applied to identify independent predictors for HPV-vaccine uptake among female participants. Conclusions: HPV-vaccine uptake was low among school girls in Berlin. Both, physicians and parents were influential regarding their HPV-vaccination decision even though personal perceptions played an important role as well. School programs could be beneficial to improve knowledge related to HPV and vaccines, and to offer low-barrier access to HPV vaccination.

Stocker, Petra; Dehnert, Manuel; Schuster, Melanie; Wichmann, Ole; Delere, Yvonne

2013-01-01

69

Detecting Mental States by Machine Learning Techniques: The Berlin Brain–Computer Interface  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The Berlin Brain-Computer Interface\\u000a \\u000a (BBCI) uses a machine learning approach to extract user-specific patterns from high-dimensional EEG-features optimized for\\u000a revealing the user’s mental state. Classical BCI applications are brain actuated tools for patients such as prostheses (see\\u000a Section 4.1) or mental text entry systems ([1] and see [2–5] for an overview on BCI). In these applications, the BBCI uses\\u000a natural

Benjamin Blankertz; Michael Tangermann; Carmen Vidaurre; Thorsten Dickhaus; Claudia Sannelli; Florin Popescu; Siamac Fazli; Márton Danóczy; Gabriel Curio; Klaus-Robert Müller

2010-01-01

70

Squatting and urban renewal: the interaction of squatter movements and strategies of urban restructuring in Berlin.  

PubMed

Squatting as a housing strategy and as a tool of urban social movements accompanies the development of capitalist cities worldwide. We argue that the dynamics of squatter movements are directly connected to strategies of urban renewal in that movement conjunctures occur when urban regimes are in crisis. An analysis of the history of Berlin squatter movements, their political context and their effects on urban policies since the 1970s, clearly shows how massive mobilizations at the beginning of the 1980s and in the early 1990s developed in a context of transition in regimes of urban renewal. The crisis of Fordist city planning at the end of the 1970s provoked a movement of "rehab squatting" ('Instandbesetzung'), which contributed to the institutionalization of "cautious urban renewal" ('behutsame Stadterneuerung') in an important way. The second rupture in Berlin's urban renewal became apparent in 1989 and 1990, when the necessity of restoring whole inner-city districts constituted a new, budget-straining challenge for urban policymaking. Whilst in the 1980s the squatter movement became a central condition for and a political factor of the transition to "cautious urban renewal," in the 1990s large-scale squatting — mainly in the eastern parts of the city — is better understood as an alien element in times of neoliberal urban restructuring. PMID:21898937

Holm, Andrej; Kuhn, Armin

2011-01-01

71

Comparison of LIMS temperatures and geostrophic winds with Berlin radiosonde temperature and wind measurements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The compatibility of radiosonde (RAOB) and satellite temperature and wind data in the lower-middle stratosphere is evaluated via comparison of daily measurements from the Berlin (Tempelhof) RAOB station and colocated synoptically mapped temperature retrievals and geostrophic winds obtained from the Nimbus 7 Limb Infrared Monitor of the Stratosphere (LIMS) experiment for November 1978 to May 1979. Both on a slowly varying (seasonal) time scale and during large-amplitude sudden warming episodes, RAOB and LIMS are found to agree quite closely in terms of the local tendency of temperature and horizontal wind speed and direction. The overall similarity between RAOB winds and the LIMS-derived geostrophic values suggests that the horizontal wind flow in the lower-middle stratosphere over Berlin is essentially in thermal wind balance. This finding implies that ageostrophic wind motions in this region are rather small in magnitude, approaching the estimated level of uncertainty in the measurement/derivation of RAOB and LIMS winds. Low-frequency fluctuations are found to dominate the RAOB and LIMS time series. Nevertheless, on occasion, high-frequency structure in altitude and time appears in the RAOB data. These small-scale features, which generally possess small amplitudes, are either attenuated or virtually absent from the LIMS time series, consistent with the comparative sampling properties of the two observing systems. The results demonstrate that the LIMS-mapped temperature and wind analyses represent a valuable resource for investigating large-scale dynamics and transport.

Grose, W. L.; Miles, T.; Labitzke, K.; Pantzke, E.

1988-01-01

72

Hydrodynamische und hydrochemische Aspekte der anthropogen und natürlich induzierten Uferfiltration am Beispiel von Berlin/Brandenburg  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Bank filtration is the natural or anthropogenically induced process of surface water infiltration into an aquifer. It is of particular importance as a method to gain or pre-treat water for drinking water production. The hydrodynamic and hydrochemical processes during bank filtration were investigated at one rural site in the Oderbruch and at two urban sites in Berlin (Germany). Results show that these sites differ substantially with regard to the characteristics of the hyporheic zone (permeable versus clogged), travel times (decades versus months to decades) and shape of the redox zones (horizontal versus vertical redox succession). The hyporheic zone is a key parameter determining the site characteristics. Since the surface water in Berlin contains a proportion of treated sewage, a number of wastewater-bound substances (e. g. pharmaceutical residues) have been detected in the surface water. Most of them were, however, fully or partly removed during bank filtration. The redox conditions are an important key parameter with regard to the elimination (or persistence) of a number of organic trace compounds (e. g. phenazone, sulfamethoxazole, clindamycin), whose elimination depends on the prevailing redox environment.

Massmann, G.; Pekdeger, A.; Dünnbier, U.; Heberer, T.; Richter, D.; Sültenfuß, J.; Tosaki, Y.

2009-09-01

73

Determination the optimum number and positions of monitoring stations for proper spatial modeling of mean PM10 concentration in Berlin  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

PM10 concentration in Berlin has exceeded from EU limit, therefore the appropriate spatial distribution of PM10 concentration is a prerequisite for management and control of PM10 concentration in Berlin. The key question of this study is 'How many PM10 monitoring stations must be installed in Berlin for appropriate spatial distribution modeling of PM10 concentration and where do they have to be installed?' In this study, a geostatistical calculation has been utilized to answer this question. The optimum number of monitoring stations and their positions are determined by minimization of estimation variance. The experimental variogram values of mean PM10 concentration were calculated using the data of 13 existing stations in Berlin and several variogram models were fitted to the experimental variogram data. The results demonstrated that circular model is the best variogram model for mean PM10 concentration and consequently, a circular variogram model was developed. The Berlin urban area was gridded to 500x500m pixels and for each pixel the estimation variance was calculated using the mean PM10 concentration of monitoring stations and the developed circular variogram model. Then, mean estimation variance (?E2) of Berlin was calculated by averaging of the estimation variance of whole pixels. By adding one virtual station in Berlin, the optimum position for this station was determined using an iterative optimization technique and with the object of minimization of mean estimation variance (?E2). Hence, the position of added station was changed and ?E2 was calculated iteratively. The best position for added station is the position that minimizes ?E2 value. Using this method, some stations were added virtually in Berlin one by one and ?E2 value was decreased continuously. This iterative technique was performed until the amount of decrease of ?E2 per increase of one virtual station goes toward zero (|??2E| |?n| < 0.04 ). The relation between the total number of stations (n) (real and virtual) and ?E2 was calculated and a power function was determined [?E2(n) = 10.67n-0.44(R2 = 0.99)]. According to this power function, |??2| -|?En| is less than 0.04, when n ? 28. Thus 15 further stations should be added in the suggested positions. The presented approach not only is a reliable method for determination of optimum number and positions of air pollution monitoring stations, but also it is applicable for all spatial correlated data such as some of meteorological, land surface, water bodies, groundwater and underground data.

Taheri Shahraiyni, Hamid; Sodoudi, Sahar; Cubasch, Ulrich

2014-05-01

74

Ivories, Inscriptions, and Episcopal Self-Consciousness in the Ottonian Empire: Berthold of Toul and the Berlin Hodegetria  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study advances two central claims based on a detailed investigation of the Byzantine ivory plaque depicting the Hodegetria now in the Museum für Spätantike und Byzantinische Kunst in Berlin (inv. no. 2394), which bears an elegant Latin poetic inscription carved upon its frame. First, it argues on the basis of historical, artistic, and epigraphic evidence that the hitherto unknown

William North; Anthony Cutler

2003-01-01

75

Travel to Berlin, Germany for conference on Controlled Fusion and Plasma Physics. Foreign trip report, June 1--8, 1991.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Dr. J.A. Snipes, a staff member at the MIT Plasma Fusion Center, attended the 18th European Physical Society Conference on Controlled Fusion and Plasma Physics held in Berlin, Germany from 3--7 June 1991. The conference included results from laboratories ...

J. A. Snipes

1991-01-01

76

Effects of climate change on water demand and water availability for power plants - examples for the German capital Berlin  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effects of climate change on water demand and water availability for power plants - examples for the German capital Berlin Stefan Vögelea, Hagen Kochb&c, Uwe Grünewaldb a Forschungszentrum Jülich, Institute of Energy Research - Systems Analysis and Technology Evaluation, D-52425 Jülich, Germany b Brandenburg University of Technology Cottbus, Chair Hydrology and Water Resources Management, P.O. Box. 101 344, D-03013 Cottbus,

Stefan Voegele; Hagen Koch; Uwe Grünewald

2010-01-01

77

Polymixis of a shallow lake (Gro?er Müggelsee, Berlin) and its influence on seasonal phytoplankton dynamics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The polymictic properties of Lake Müggelsee, a eutrophic shallow lake in Berlin, are described by the water column stability (N2) and gradients in saturation of oxygen at the deepest site of the lake (7.5 m). Mixing and stratification changed irregularly up to 7 times during the vegetation season (April to September), as was indicated by all of the stratification parameters.

Brigitte Nixdorf

1994-01-01

78

Effects of natural attenuation processes on groundwater contamination caused by abandoned waste sites in Berlin  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The aim of this research project is to identify, characterize and quantify natural attenuation (NA) processes in groundwater affected by emissions of abandoned waste disposal sites in Berlin-Kladow/Gatow, Germany. It is part of the funding priority called KORA established by the Federal Ministry for Education and Research (BMBF) to explore the extent to which NA can be used for remedial purposes for varied forms of soil and groundwater contamination. Information on the emission behaviour of individual parameters is generated on the basis of hydrogeochemical comparison of 20 years old and new data. Using groundwater-modelling and CFC-analysis, information on the transport and retention of pollutants in groundwater is compiled. The microbial colonization of contaminated aquifers is characterized by molecular biological methods [polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE)] to differentiate between contaminated and not contaminated zones.

Kerndorff, Helmut; Kühn, Stephan; Minden, Thomas; Orlikowski, Dagmar; Struppe, Thomas

2008-07-01

79

The 5th annual European League Against Rheumatism congress in Berlin: a personal perspective  

PubMed Central

The 5th annual European League Against Rheumatism congress, held in Berlin, 9–12 June 2004, was attended by a record number of delegates from all continents and offered a large choice of education, state-of-the-art and original research presentations in up to 15 parallel sessions. Some of these were poorly attended, although featuring top-ranked abstracts. The poster sessions remain a problem child. They were not well attended by viewers and largely neglected by presenters, mainly because of the general structure of the meeting. Ways to improve this could be to provide lunch packages and to appoint poster session chairmen. Other changes would involve moving morning hour satellites to other slots. However, in general it was an enjoyable meeting showing important progress in various fields of rheumatology and meeting the expectations of most delegates.

2005-01-01

80

[Seroepidemiologic studies on hepatitis A infections in German and foreign children living in Berlin (West)].  

PubMed

The incidence of antibody to hepatitis A (anti-HAV) was studied in two populations living in Berlin (West): German children and children of parents, coming from Mediterranean countries, mainly from Turkey (77%). Sera of 366 German and 280 foreign children aged between 1 and 17 years were tested by a competitive binding radioimmunoassay (HAVAB). In the group of German children only 15 (4.1%) had anti-HAV, but there were 86 (30.7%) among the foreign children. In contrast to the results taken from German children the presence of anti-HAV in foreign children was significantly according to their age. The frequency of anti-HAV rose from 2.6% in children aged between 1 and 2 years to nearly 90% in children older than 10 years. PMID:6302480

Lasius, D; Lange, W; Stück, B

1983-02-01

81

Chemistry and oxidation capacity of the nitrate radical in the continental boundary layer near Berlin  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The nitrate radical is in many situations the most important nighttime oxidizing species, removing, for example, hydrocarbons, which would otherwise be available to daytime ozone formation. In spite of its importance in the night and probably also under certain conditions during the day, our understanding of the NO3 chemistry and its impact on the oxidation capacity of the atmosphere is still incomplete. Here we present measurements of NO3 by differential optical absorption spectroscopy (DOAS) and a number of other atmospheric trace gases performed during the Berliner Ozonexperiment (BERLIOZ) campaign at Pabstthum near Berlin, Germany, to quantify the contribution of NO3 to the atmospheric oxidation rate of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and NOx removal. The measurements show that only two NO3 sinks were of importance: (1) About 50-30% (depending on the distance (0.1-3 km) to a near forest) of the NO3 was lost due to reaction with biogenic hydrocarbons. (2) The major part of the remaining loss probably can be attributed to the indirect loss via the reaction of N2O5 on aerosol surfaces. Assuming that heterogeneous hydrolysis of N2O5 is occurring, the nonphotolytical conversion of NOx to HNO3 via N2O5 was found to be comparable with daytime conversion by the reaction of OH with NO2. In combination with measurements of the OH concentration, it was possible for the first time to derive a relative contribution of 28% (24-hour average) for the NO3-initiated oxidation to the total VOC degradation.

Geyer, Andreas; Alicke, BjöRn; Konrad, Stephan; Schmitz, Thomas; Stutz, Jochen; Platt, Ulrich

2001-04-01

82

[The Great European Georg Friedrich Nicolai: physician and pacifist. Berlin, Germany, 1874 - Santiago, Chile, 1964].  

PubMed

Georg Friedrich Nicolai (1874-1964) was a German physician and physiologist whose pacifism during the First World War led him in 1914 to cosign with W. J. Foerster, A. Einstein and O. Bueck a "Manifesto to the Europeans" against the entry of Germany into the war and the invasion of Belgium. As a result of this appeal and his strong pacifism, Nicolai lost his positions as cardiologist to the German royal family, professor at the University of Berlin and chief of laboratory at the Charite hospital also in Berlin, and was sent as a garrison physician in Graundenz, in today's Poland. There he began to write his book, The Biology of War. It managed to avoid censorship and was published in Leipzig in 1916. He was court-martialed in Danzig in 1916 but escaped to Denmark. Nicolai was reinstated to his faculty positions by the Weimar Republic after the war but was subsequently forced to emigrate from Germany to South America by the pressure of right wing student groups who accused him of being a deserter and a traitor. From 1922 to 1932 Nicolai lived in Argentina, and from 1932 until his death in 1964, in Chile. In this later country Nicolai was professor in the University of Chile and interacted with members of the Chilean intelligentsia, including the poets Vicente Huidobro, Gonzalo Rojas and Pablo Neruda. Through his friendship with Chilean psychiatrist Agustin Tellez, Nicolai influenced the development of phenomenological psychiatric school in Chile. The Chilean novelist Fernando Alegria compared him favorably with Robert J. Oppenheimer and Linus Pauling. PMID:23900377

Cabello C, Felipe

2013-04-01

83

Preliminary validity and reliability of a Thai Berlin questionnaire in stroke patients  

PubMed Central

Background Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a major risk factor for stroke. The Berlin Questionnaire (BQ) has been shown to be a valid tool to screen for OSA. The literature has limited data on using the BQ in stroke patients; particularly in Thailand and other developing countries. Here, we aimed to develop a Thai-language Berlin Questionnaire (Thai BQ) and to preliminarily assess construct validity, test-retest reliability and the agreement of the Thai BQ with the Thai Epworth Sleepiness Scale (Thai ESS), another screening tool for OSA. Methods A hospital-based cross-sectional study was performed from January to July, 2011. One hundred first-ever stroke patients, including acute and chronic cases, and their caregivers were enrolled. The Thai BQ was developed using the forward-backward translation method. Evaluation of construct validity was done by factor analysis. Internal consistency of the Thai BQ and the Thai ESS were evaluated using Cronbach’s alpha coefficient. Test-retest reliability and the agreement of the Thai BQ and the Thai ESS were evaluated using Cohen’s kappa coefficient. Results Factor analysis identified 4 main factors: Factor 1–Snoring behaviour; Factor 2–Sleepiness during driving; Factor 3–Daytime fatigue; and Factor 4–Hypertension or obesity. Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was 0.77 (95% confidence interval (CI)?=?0.69-0.83) and Cohen’s kappa coefficient was 0.86 (95% CI?=?0.74-0.98) in the Thai BQ. Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was 0.59 (95% CI?=?0.45-0.70) and the Cohen’s kappa coefficient was 0.81 (95% CI?=?0.60-1.00) in the Thai ESS. The agreement between the Thai ESS and the Thai BQ was fair. Conclusions The Thai BQ is a valid and reliable tool to screen for OSA in stroke patients. As factor analysis revealed 4 factors in contrast to the 3 factors in the original BQ, further modification of the Thai BQ is required.

2014-01-01

84

[The speech on Bier as a problem. Arthur Israel (1883-1969) and his struggle to come to terms with the Berlin University Surgical Clinic].  

PubMed

Arthur Israel was associated with August Bier's University Surgical Clinic in Berlin from 1910 to 1933, in the end as the head of the downgraded (outpatient) clinic. After he was forced out of his Berlin post, Israel was department head in the Israelitisches Krankenhaus Hamburg until he emigrated to the U.S. in 1940, settling in New York. In 1960, he returned to Germany. Based on papers from Israel's estate, the article describes his life stations and his struggle to cope with his time at the Berlin university clinic. The focus is on a meeting in Berlin in 1961. His departure from the usual practice of heaping praise on the clinic and its former head marks the beginning of a never-published critique of conditions in the clinic. The ambivalence reflected in his evaluation is in stark contrast to the traditional cultivation of "Bier's School". PMID:24527560

Witte, Wilfried

2013-01-01

85

Germany: Bio-Fuels. Read-Out from Fuels of the Future Congress in Berlin, 2008. GAIN Report Number GM8051.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The hot topics of the 6th Fuels of the Future Congress in Berlin included the proposed changes in the German biofuels laws, sustainability criteria for biofuels, and the food versus fuel debate. German biofuels organizations criticized the proposed reduct...

S. Lieberz

2008-01-01

86

The Berlin Brain--Computer Interface: Accurate Performance From First-Session in BCI-NaÏve Subjects  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Berlin brain-computer interface (BBCI) project develops a noninvasive BCI system whose key features are: 1) the use of well-established motor competences as control paradigms; 2) high-dimensional features from multichannel EEG; and 3) advanced machine-learning techniques. Spatio-spectral changes of sensorimotor rhythms are used to discriminate imagined movements (left hand, right hand, and foot). A previous feedback study [M. Krauledat, K.-R.

Benjamin Blankertz; Florian Losch; Matthias Krauledat; Guido Dornhege; Gabriel Curio; K.-R. Muller

2008-01-01

87

Effect of long-term irrigation with sewage effluent on the metal content of soils, Berlin, Germany  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aimed to determine whether >110 years of sewage application has led to recognizable changes in the metal chemistry\\u000a of soils from former sewage farms, Berlin, Germany. Background concentrations of soils and element enrichment factors were\\u000a used for the evaluation of possible perturbations of natural element abundances in sewage farm soils. Calculations verify\\u000a that precious metals (Ag, Au) as well

Bernd G. Lottermoser

88

Immunodeficiency in long-term survivors of acute lymphoblastic leukemia treated with Berlin-Frankfurt-Münster therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To determine whether the immune systems of long-term survivors of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) have persistent immune defects after Berlin-Frankfurt-Münster (BFM) treatment. Study design: We evaluated the cellular and humoral immune responses of 13 children with ALL in complete remission and off modified protocol treatment for 2 or more years. All patients had received complete immunizations for measles, mumps,

Steven Smith; Gerald Schiffman; Gungor Karayalcin; Vincent Bonagura

1995-01-01

89

Spotlight on measles 2010: preliminary report of an ongoing measles outbreak in a subpopulation with low vaccination coverage in Berlin, Germany, January-March 2010.  

PubMed

Since early January 2010, Berlin has been experiencing a measles outbreak with 62 cases as of 31 March. The index case acquired the infection in India. In recent years, measles incidence in Berlin has been lower than the German average and vaccination coverage in school children has increased since 2001. However, this outbreak involves schools and kindergartens with low vaccination coverage and parents with critical attitudes towards vaccination, which makes the implementation of public health interventions challenging. PMID:20394713

Bätzing-Feigenbaum, J; Pruckner, U; Beyer, A; Sinn, G; Dinter, A; Mankertz, A; Siedler, A; Schubert, A; Suckau, M

2010-01-01

90

The Diary of Schiaparelli in Berlin (26 October 1857-10 May 1859): a guide for his future scientific activity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In February 1857, three years after his degree in Turin, Giovanni Virginio Schiaparelli moved to Berlin with a scholarship from the Sardinian government. There he lived for over two years and from October he attended the University. Berlin was an important astronomical center at the time and the young Schiaparelli had the opportunity to study with some of the most distinguished astronomers of his epoch and to be in one of the best equipped observatory in the world. During his staying in Berlin Schiaparelli regularly wrote a diary which runs from Monday, October 26, 1857 to Tuesday, May 10, 1859. The Diary is very important for the reconstruction of Schiaparelli's training as an astronomer. In this communication I'll give some information about the sections of the Diary which deal more strictly with astronomy. In the Diary all astronomical trainings of the mature Schiaparelli are outlined. But there is an exception: Mars and the inhabitability of other worlds. This rises an intere-sting historiographical problem which pushes historians to find elsewhere the origins of a research which is inextricably linked to Schiaparelli and that allowed him to found the planetology as a new astronomical discipline.

Tucci, P.

91

Climatological Features of Stratospheric Streamers Simulated with the Berlin Climate Middle Atmosphere Model (FUB CMAM)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Stratospheric processes and their role in the development of the future ozone layer are an essential aspect in climate change. Besides the fundamental chemical processes, transport processes are an important factor determining the global distribution of atmospheric trace gases, such as ozone. The influence of dynamical processes on strength and variability of the observed total ozone decrease at mid-latitudes, especially in the northern hemisphere, is still an open question. The purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of air mass exchange through streamers/tongues on ozone at mid-latitudes. The occurrence of streamers can determine the amount of total ozone in mid-latitudes, whether through transport of natural low ozone from the tropics to the mid-latitudes (tropical-subtropical streamer) or chemically processed air from polar to mid-latitudes (polar vortex streamer). For this reason a streamer climatology has been produced to investigate the frequency of both types of streamers with a 10-year climatology of the Berlin Climate Middle Atmosphere Model.

Krueger, K.; Langematz, U.; Grenfell, J. L.

2003-04-01

92

Sources of oxygen flux in groundwater during induced bank filtration at a site in Berlin, Germany  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The microbial degradation of pharmaceuticals found in surface water used for artificial recharge is strongly dependent on redox conditions of the subsurface. Furthermore the durability of production wells may decrease considerably with the presence of oxygen and ferrous iron due to the precipitation of trivalent iron oxides and subsequent clogging. Field measurements are presented for oxygen at a bank filtration site in Berlin, Germany, along with simplified calculations of different oxygen pathways into the groundwater. For a two-dimensional vertical cross-section, oxygen input has been calculated for six scenarios related to different water management strategies. Calculations were carried out in order to assess the amount of oxygen input due to (1) the infiltration of oxic lake water, (2) air entrapment as a result of water table oscillations, (3) diffusive oxygen flux from soil air and (4) infiltrating rainwater. The results show that air entrapment and infiltrating lake water during winter constitute by far the most important mechanism of oxygen input. Oxygen input by percolating rainwater and by diffusive delivery of oxygen in the gas phase is negligible. The results exemplify the importance of well management as a determining factor for water oscillations and redox conditions during artificial recharge.

Kohfahl, Claus; Massmann, Gudrun; Pekdeger, Asaf

2009-05-01

93

Climatological Features of Stratospheric Streamers Simulated With the Berlin Climate Middle Atmosphere Model (FUB CMAM)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Stratospheric processes play an important role in the future development of the atmospheric ozone layer. Besides the fundamental chemical processes, transport is an important factor determining the global distribution of atmospheric trace gases, such as ozone. The influence of dynamical processes on the strength and variability of the observed total ozone decrease at mid-latitudes, especially in the northern hemisphere, is still an open question. The purpose of this study is to investigate the possible relevance of air mass exchange through the subtropical and polar transport barriers by streamers and tongues for the mid-latitude ozone distribution. Streamers can contribute to the observed total ozone decrease at mid-latitudes, through either transport of naturally low ozone values from the tropics to mid-latitudes (tropical-subtropical streamer) or advection of chemically processed air from polar to mid-latitudes (polar vortex streamer). In order to infer the long-term characteristics of stratospheric streamers, we used a 10-year integration of the Berlin Climate Middle Atmosphere Model (FUB CMAM) to produce a climatology of streamer events, details of which will be presented.

Krüger, K.; Langematz, U.; Grenfell, J. L.

2002-12-01

94

Drug induced immune haemolytic anaemia in the Berlin Case-Control Surveillance Study.  

PubMed

Drug-induced immune haemolytic anaemia is a rare but serious condition. This study investigated the possibility of drug aetiology of immune haemolytic anaemia (IHA) in 134 patients with new onset of IHA who were identified in the Berlin Case-Control Surveillance Study between 2000 and 2009. Single drugs related to IHA in three or more patients and assessed more than once as a certain or probable cause of IHA in a standardized causality assessment included diclofenac, fludarabine, oxaliplatin, ceftriaxone and piperacillin. In a case-control study including all 124 IHA cases developed in outpatient care and 731 controls, significantly increased odds ratios (OR) were observed for beta-lactam antibiotics (OR=8·8; 95% confidence interval [CI] 3·2-25·2), cotrimoxazole (OR=6·5; CI 1·1-37·9), ciprofloxacin (OR=6·9, CI 1·3-38·5), fludarabine (OR=22·2; CI: 2·8-454·5) and lorazepam (OR=5·3; CI: 1·2-21·2). Excluding new onset cases with a chronic IHA disease course, an increased risk became also apparent for diclofenac with an OR of 3·1 (CI 1·3-7·0). This is the first case-control study investigating drugs as risk factors for IHA. It corroborates an increased risk for several drugs that have been implicated as a cause of IHA in the standardized causality assessment of individual cases. PMID:21749359

Garbe, Edeltraut; Andersohn, Frank; Bronder, Elisabeth; Klimpel, Andreas; Thomae, Michael; Schrezenmeier, Hubert; Hildebrandt, Martin; Späth-Schwalbe, Ernst; Grüneisen, Andreas; Mayer, Beate; Salama, Abdulgabar; Kurtal, Hanife

2011-09-01

95

Neutron Scattering at Highest Magnetic Fields at the Helmholtz Centre Berlin  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Helmholtz Centre Berlin (HZB), formerly Hahn-Meitner Institute is a user facility for the study of structure and dynamics with neutrons and synchrotron radiation with special emphasis on experiments under extreme conditions. Neutron scattering is uniquely suited to study magnetic properties on a microscopic length scale, because neutrons have comparable wavelengths and, due to their magnetic moment, they interact with the atomic magnetic moments. At HZB a dedicated instrument for neutron scattering at extreme fields is under construction, the Extreme Environment Diffractometer ExED. It is projected according to the “time-of-flight” principle for elastic and inelastic neutron scattering and for the special geometric constraints of analysing samples in a high field magnet. The new magnet will not only allow for novel experiments, it will be at the forefront of development in magnet technology itself. The design of the magnet will follow the Series Connected Hybrid System Technology (SCH) developed at the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory (NHMFL) in Tallahassee, Florida. To compromise between the needs of the magnet design for highest fields and the concept of the neutron instrument, the magnetic field will be generated by means of a coned solenoid with horizontal field orientation. By using resistive insert coils, which are mounted in the room temperature bore of a superconducting cable-in-conduit (CIC) magnet, fields above 30 Tesla can be obtained in a geometry optimised for the demands of neutron scattering.

Smeibidl, P.; Tennant, A.; Ehmler, H.; Bird, M.

2010-04-01

96

Hard X-ray micro-spectroscopy at Berliner Elektronenspeicherring für Synchrotronstrahlung II  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The capabilities of the X-ray beamlines at Berliner Elektronenspeicherring für Synchrotronstrahlung II (BESSY II) for hard X-ray measurements with micro- and nanometer spatial resolution are reviewed. The micro-X-ray fluorescence analysis (micro-XRF), micro-extended X-ray absorption fine structure (micro-EXAFS), micro-X-ray absorption near-edge structure (micro-XANES) as well as X-ray standing wave technique (XSW), X-ray beam induced current (XBIC) in combination with micro-XRF and micro-diffraction as powerful methods for organic and inorganic sample characterization with synchrotron radiation are discussed. Mono and polycapillary optical systems were used for fine X-ray focusing down to 1 µm spot size with monochromatic and white synchrotron radiation. Polycapillary based confocal detection was applied for depth-resolved micro-XRF analysis with a volume resolution down to 3.4 · 10 - 6 mm 3. Standing wave excitation in waveguides was also applied to nano-EXAFS measurements with depth resolution on the order of 1 nm. Several examples of the methods and its applications in material research, biological investigations and metal-semiconductor interfaces analysis are given.

Erko, A.; Zizak, I.

2009-09-01

97

Management of pediatric patients after implantation of the Berlin Heart EXCOR ventricular assist device.  

PubMed

Within the last 16 years, the Berlin Heart EXCOR systems have been used for circulatory support in 73 infants and children up to 17 years of age (mean, 7 years) with severe circulatory failure resistant to pharmacological therapy at our institution. These were patients with cardiomyopathy, fulminant myocarditis, end-stage congenital cardiac defects, and acute heart failure after congenital heart surgery. Mean EXCOR support time was 36 days (range, 1 to 420 days). Forty-four patients (62%) survived up to transplantation or after weaning and 37 (51%) of them, including 9 infants, were discharged home. These results in patients with very advanced disease have improved significantly during the past few years as the result of technical developments and growing experience in the treatment of patients on the device and in postoperative care. The following article gives answers to five questions frequently asked about intensive care unit treatment while on the device, anticoagulation and additional medical support during left ventricular or biventricular support, the daily treatment of the children, and options for the weaning procedure. PMID:16966844

Stiller, Brigitte; Lemmer, Julia; Schubert, Stephan; Ewert, Peter; Schulze-Neick, Ingram; Hübler, Michael; Redlin, Matthias; Berger, Felix; Hetzer, Roland

2006-01-01

98

Translation and validation of Berlin questionnaire in primary health care in Greece  

PubMed Central

Background The aim of our study was to validate a Greek translation of the Berlin Questionnaire (BQ) for obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) and to explore whether this screening questionnaire could be used to help identify primary care patients at greater risk of having OSAS. Methods We recruited 189 patients visiting a primary health care setting on the island of Crete, Greece. They all completed the Greek Version of the BQ. Patients were then referred to a Sleep Disorders Unit for evaluation of suspected sleep-disordered breathing. Results A PSG study was performed in 129 of the 189 subjects (68.3%). BQ identified 74.4% (n?=?96) of the patients as high-risk for OSAS and the remaining 25.6% (n?=?33) as low-risk. The sensitivity and specificity of BQ for OSAS diagnosis were 76% and 40%, respectively, for an apnoea–hypopnoea index (AHI) ?5 per hour but <15 per hour, 84% and 61% for an AHI ?15 per hour but ?30 per hour, and 79% and 39% for an AHI >30 per hour. Conclusions In conclusion, the Greek Version of the BQ is a useful instrument for identifying patients at risk for OSAS in primary health care in Greece. The findings of our study confirm that such screening tools should be used by primary care clinicians for OSAS prediction.

2013-01-01

99

The evaluation of rainfall influence on combined sewer overflows characteristics: the Berlin case study.  

PubMed

The present study aims to explore the relationship between rainfall variables and water quality/quantity characteristics of combined sewer overflows (CSOs), by the use of multivariate statistical methods and online measurements at a principal CSO outlet in Berlin (Germany). Canonical correlation results showed that the maximum and average rainfall intensities are the most influential variables to describe CSO water quantity and pollutant loads whereas the duration of the rainfall event and the rain depth seem to be the most influential variables to describe CSO pollutant concentrations. The analysis of partial least squares (PLS) regression models confirms the findings of the canonical correlation and highlights three main influences of rainfall on CSO characteristics: (i) CSO water quantity characteristics are mainly influenced by the maximal rainfall intensities, (ii) CSO pollutant concentrations were found to be mostly associated with duration of the rainfall and (iii) pollutant loads seemed to be principally influenced by dry weather duration before the rainfall event. The prediction quality of PLS models is rather low (R² < 0.6) but results can be useful to explore qualitatively the influence of rainfall on CSO characteristics. PMID:24355858

Sandoval, S; Torres, A; Pawlowsky-Reusing, E; Riechel, M; Caradot, N

2013-01-01

100

Augmented and standard Berlin-Frankfurt-M?nster chemotherapy for treatment of adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia  

PubMed Central

The augmented Berlin-Frankfurt-Münster (aBFM) regimen has demonstrated improved outcomes in children with acute lymphomblastic leukemia (ALL), but efficacy in adults is unknown. In this retrospective study, we evaluated clinical outcomes in 29 adult ALL patients (ages 19–70) treated with standard BFM (sBFM) or dose-intensive aBFM. Patients were stratified into risk groups based on age, cytogenetic abnormalities, peripheral leukocytosis, and response to induction chemotherapy. Intermediate-risk patients less than 50 years old and all high-risk patients were assigned to aBFM. Complete remission after induction therapy was achieved in 93% of patients. Fifteen patients completed a full course of BFM chemotherapy, with 7 discontinuing due to relapse, 3 due to toxicity, 2 due to transplantation, and 2 toxic deaths. Five year event-free survival was 45% (95% CI 30–67%), with 39% and 50% rates of EFS observed in the aBFM and sBFM subgroups at 5 years, respectively. Overall survival at 5 years was 62% (95% CI 46–82%), with 61% and 62% in the aBFM and sBFM subgroups alive at 5 years, respectively. Two toxic deaths were observed, and infections and neuropathy were the most common toxicities. Standard and augmented BFM have efficacy and toxicity comparable with other adult ALL regimens.

Chang, Julie E.; Medlin, Stephen C.; Kahl, Brad S.; Longo, Walter L.; Williams, Eliot C.; Lionberger, Jack; Kim, KyungMann; Kim, Jihoon; Esterberg, Elizabeth; Juckett, Mark B.

2009-01-01

101

Annotated type catalogue of the Orthalicoidea (Mollusca, Gastropoda) in the Museum f?r Naturkunde, Berlin  

PubMed Central

Abstract The type status is described of 96 taxa classified within the superfamily Orthalicoidea and present in the Mollusca collection of the Museum für Naturkunde der Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin. Lectotypes are designated for the following taxa: Orthalicus elegans Rolle, 1895; Bulimus maranhonensis Albers, 1854; Orthalicus nobilis Rolle, 1895; Orthalichus tricinctus Martens, 1893. Orthalicus sphinx tresmariae is introduced as new name for Zebra sphinx turrita Strebel, 1909, not Zebra quagga turrita Strebel, 1909. The following synonyms are established: Zebra crosseifischeri Strebel, 1909 = Orthalicus princeps fischeri Martens, 1893; Orthalicus isabellinus Martens, 1873 = Orthalicus bensoni (Reeve, 1849); Zebra zoniferus naesiotes Strebel, 1909 = Orthalicus undatus (Bruguière, 1789); Porphyrobaphe (Myiorthalicus) dennisoni pallida Strebel, 1909 = Hemibulimus dennisoni (Reeve, 1848); Zebra delphinus pumilio Strebel, 1909 = Orthalicus delphinus (Strebel, 1909); Orthalicus (Laeorthalicus) reginaeformis Strebel, 1909 = Corona perversa (Swainson, 1821); Bulimus (Eurytus) corticosus Sowerby III, 1895 = Plekocheilus (Eurytus) stuebeli Martens, 1885. The taxon Bulimus (Eudioptus) psidii Martens, 1877 is now placed within the family Sagdidae, tentatively in the genus Platysuccinea. Appendices are included with an index to all the types of Orthalicoidea extant (including those listed by Köhler 2007) and a partial list of letters present in the correspondence archives.

Breure, Abraham S.H.

2013-01-01

102

Relationship between extravascular lung water and severity categories of acute respiratory distress syndrome by the Berlin definition  

PubMed Central

Introduction The Berlin definition divides acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) into three severity categories. The relationship between these categories and pulmonary microvascular permeability as well as extravascular lung water content, which is the hallmark of lung pathophysiology, remains to be elucidated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between extravascular lung water, pulmonary vascular permeability, and the severity categories as defined by the Berlin definition, and to confirm the associated predictive validity for severity. Methods The extravascular lung water index (EVLWi) and pulmonary vascular permeability index (PVPI) were measured using a transpulmonary thermodilution method for three consecutive days in 195 patients with an EVLWi of ?10 mL/kg and who fulfilled the Berlin definition of ARDS. Collectively, these patients were seen at 23 ICUs. Using the Berlin definition, patients were classified into three categories: mild, moderate, and severe. Results Compared to patients with mild ARDS, patients with moderate and severe ARDS had higher acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II and sequential organ failure assessment scores on the day of enrollment. Patients with severe ARDS had higher EVLWi (mild, 16.1; moderate, 17.2; severe, 19.1; P <0.05) and PVPI (2.7; 3.0; 3.2; P <0.05). When categories were defined by the minimum PaO2/FIO2 ratio observed during the study period, the 28-day mortality rate increased with severity categories: moderate, odds ratio: 3.125 relative to mild; and severe, odds ratio: 4.167 relative to mild. On independent evaluation of 495 measurements from 195 patients over three days, negative and moderate correlations were observed between EVLWi and the PaO2/FIO2 ratio (r = -0.355, P<0.001) as well as between PVPI and the PaO2/FIO2 ratio (r = -0.345, P <0.001). ARDS severity was associated with an increase in EVLWi with the categories (mild, 14.7; moderate, 16.2; severe, 20.0; P <0.001) in all data sets. The value of PVPI followed the same pattern (2.6; 2.7; 3.5; P <0.001). Conclusions Severity categories of ARDS described by the Berlin definition have good predictive validity and may be associated with increased extravascular lung water and pulmonary vascular permeability. Trial registration UMIN-CTR ID UMIN000003627

2013-01-01

103

Thermo-chemical variations of the hydrothermal fluids in the Berlin geothermal field (El Salvador)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The liquid-dominated Berlin geothermal field is located about 110 km ESE of San Salvador, on the northern slope of the Berlin-Tecapa volcanic complex. The geothermal reservoir occurs within andesitic to basaltic lavas and tuffs. Measured temperatures in the production zones are in the 280-300Ë? C range, while in the reinjection zones are 245-250Ë? C. The reservoir fluids are NaCl waters with total dissolved solids of about 6000-10000 mg/kg and CO2 partial pressures of 0.049-0.460 MPa. A recent exploration project has been carried out by Enel GreenPower and LaGeo at the southern part of the field. A fluid inclusion studies have been carried out on core-samples from the recently explored area and from the production zone in order to obtain information on the thermo-chemical evolution of the geothermal fluids. In addition, isotopic data on hydrothermal epidote allowed to better constrain the sources of the water that circulated in the geothermal reservoir. The examined samples are mainly composed of volcanic rocks and breccias affected by hydrothermal alteration. The secondary minerals (mostly epidote, chlorite, quartz, adularia, albite, prehnite, calcite) occur either as replacement of primary minerals or within micro-fracture and voids. Fluid inclusions microthermometry has been performed on fluid inclusions found in hydrothermal and igneous quartz, albite, adularia, calcite, anhydrite and prehnite. Most of the observed inclusions are aqueous, two-phase liquid-rich inclusions; rare vapor-rich inclusions also occur in some samples. Fluid inclusion homogenization temperatures range is 191-344Ë? C; the inclusions with the highest homogenization values at each sampling depths were trapped at or close to boiling condition. A cooling process is recorded by the wide ranges of homogenization temperatures and is also evidenced by the comparison of present-day temperature at the sampling depths and fluid inclusion homogenization temperatures. In particular, a significant temperature decrease (up to 100Ë? C) occurred from the trapping of hottest fluid in the recently explored area to present-day condition at depths > 1.5 km below the ground level. Apparent salinities of many fluid inclusions are comparable to those of present-day fluids; however there are also fluid inclusions showing higher and lower salinities than present-day fluids. Low values of apparent salinity (down to 0.2 wt. % NaCl equiv.) can be related to the circulation of liquid water formed from steam condensation and/or in part to a decrease of the CO2 content in the geothermal fluid due to boiling processes. Whereas, the occurrence of inclusions in deep samples showing significantly high salinities (up to 21.2 wt.% NaCl equiv.) can be related to two processes: 1) open system fluid boiling with steam lost, or 2) injection of a high-salinity fluid in the system. The relatively high ^D values (up to -42 per mil) of the H2O in equilibrium with epidote is coherent with the sporadic input of saline fluids of magmatic derivation that mixed with geothermal fluid of meteoric origin in the deep part of the hydrothermal system. On the other hand, prolonged open system boiling processes at the temperatures indicated by fluid inclusions are not compatible with these isotopic values.

Ruggieri, G.; Dallai, L.; Nardini, I.; Torio Henriquez, E.

2009-04-01

104

Berlin's medical students' smoking habits, knowledge about smoking and attitudes toward smoking cessation counseling  

PubMed Central

Background Diseases associated with smoking are a foremost cause of premature death in the world, both in developed and developing countries. Eliminating smoking can do more to improve health and prolong life than any other measure in the field of preventive medicine. Today's medical students will play a prominent role in future efforts to prevent and control tobacco use. Methods A cross-sectional, self-administered, anonymous survey of fifth-year medical students in Berlin, Germany was conducted in November 2007. The study explored the prevalence of smoking among medical students. We assessed their current knowledge regarding tobacco dependence and the effectiveness of smoking cessation methods. Students' perceived competence to counsel smokers and promote smoking cessation treatments was also explored. Analyses were based on responses from 258 students (86.6% response rate). Results One quarter of the medical students surveyed were current smokers. The smoking rate was 22.1% among women, 32.4% among men. Students underestimated smoking-related mortality and the negative effect of smoking on longevity. A considerable number of subjects erroneously assumed that nicotine causes coronary artery disease. Students' overall knowledge of the effectiveness of smoking cessation methods was inadequate. Only one third of the students indicated that they felt qualified to counsel patients about tobacco dependence. Conclusions This study reveals serious deficiencies in knowledge and counseling skills among medical students in our sample. The curriculum of every medical school should include a tobacco module. Thus, by providing comprehensive training in nicotine dependence interventions to medical students, smokers will have access to the professional expertise they need to quit smoking.

2010-01-01

105

Illegality as risk factor: a survey of unauthorized migrant patients in a Berlin clinic.  

PubMed

Unauthorized migrants face health disadvantages in many receiving nations. However, few studies have explored precisely how the condition of "illegality" influences illness experiences, medical treatment, and convalescence. This article presents a case study from Germany (2004-2006 and 2008), where unauthorized migrants face limited access to health care and the threat of deportation results in avoidance of services and treatment delays. This is confounded by unique laws which essentially criminalize health care workers for aiding migrants. This article provides a snapshot of 183 patients who attended a Berlin clinic that functions as the single largest source of medical assistance for unauthorized persons in Germany. The demographic information sketches a picture of labor migrants with a mean age of approximately 29 years. More women than men presented at this clinic, a result of its ability to successfully arrange prenatal care and delivery as well as a reflection of local labor markets. The diversity of countries of origin (n=55) is surprising, underscoring the utility of using illegal status as a unifying variable to highlight migrants' shared position in the global economy and the resulting barriers to basic medical services. Patients presented with a range of illnesses typical for their age group. However, the effects of illegal status resulted in four areas of disparities: 1) limits to the overall quality and quantity of care for mothers and infants; 2) delayed presentation and difficulties accessing a regular supply of medication for patients with chronic illnesses; 3) difficulties in accessing immediate medical attention for unpredictable injuries and other acute health concerns; and 4) a lack of mental health care options for generalized stress and anxiety affecting health. In Germany, an incoherent policy environment contributes to inadequate services and treatment delays. Solutions must address these legal ambiguities, which represent a primary barrier to equity in a nation with otherwise universal health coverage. PMID:19246143

Castañeda, Heide

2009-04-01

106

Clinical experience with Berlin Heart Excor in pediatric patients in Argentina: 1373 days of cardiac support.  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to describe our experience (1373 days of support) with the Berlin Heart Excor (BH) ventricular-assist device (VAD) as bridging to cardiac transplantation in pediatric patients with end-stage cardiomyopathy. This study involved a retrospective observational cohort. Records of patients supported with the BH VAD were reviewed. Data regarding age, sex, weight, diagnosis, preoperative condition, single versus biventricular support, morbidity, and mortality were collected. Criteria for single versus biventricular support and intensive care unit management were registered. The procedure was approved by our Institutional Ethics Committee, and informed consent was obtained. Between March 2006 and March 2010, 12 patients with diagnosis of dilated (n = 10) and restrictive (n = 2) cardiomyopathy were supported. Median age was 56.6 months (range 20.1-165.9); mean weight was 18.3 kg (range 8.5-45); and nine patients were female. Every patient presented with severe heart failure refractory to pharmacological therapy. Biventricular support was necessary in four patients. Nine patients underwent heart transplantation. No child was weaned off the BH VAD because of myocardial recovery. Mean length of support was 73 days (range 3-331), and the total number of days of support was 1373. Three patients had fatal complications: 2 had thrombo-hemorrhagic stroke leading to brain death, and one had refractory vasoplegic shock. The BH VAD is a useful and reasonable safe device for cardiac transplantation bridging in children with end-stage heart failure. Team experience resulted in less morbidity and mortality, and time for implantation, surgical procedure, anticoagulation monitoring, and patient care improved. PMID:21424518

Moreno, Guillermo E; Charroqui, Alberto; Pilán, María L; Magliola, Ricardo H; Krynski, Mariela P; Althabe, María; Landry, Luis M; Sciuccati, Gabriela; Villa, Alejandra; Vogelfang, Horacio

2011-06-01

107

Spatial and temporal variability of urban tree canopy temperature during summer 2010 in Berlin, Germany  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Trees form a significant part of the urban vegetation. Their meteorological and climatological effects at all scales in urban environments make them a flexible tool for creating a landscape oriented to the needs of an urban dweller. This study aims at quantifying the spatio-temporal patterns of canopy temperature ( T C) and canopy-to-air temperature difference (? T C) in relation to meteorological conditions and tree-specific (physiological) and urban site-specific characteristics. We observed T C and ? T C of 67 urban trees (18 species) using a high-resolution thermal-infrared (TIR) camera and meteorological measurements in the city of Berlin, Germany. TIR images were recorded at 1-min intervals over a period of 2 months from 1st July to 31st August 2010. The results showed that ? T C depends on tree species, leaf size and fraction of impervious surfaces. Average canopy temperature was nearly equal to air temperature. Species-specific maximum ?T C varied between 1.9 ± 0.3 K ( Populus nigra), 2.9 ± 0.3 K ( Quercus robur), 3.2 ± 0.5 K ( Fagus sylvatica), 3.9 ± 1.0 K ( Platanus acerifolia), 4.6 ± 0.2 K ( Acer pseudoplatanus), 5.0 ± 0.5 K ( A. platanoides) and 5.6 ± 1.1 K ( A. campestre). We analysed ? T C for a hot and dry period (A) and a warm and wet period (B). The range of species-specific ?T C at noon was nearly equal, i.e. 4.4 K for period A and 4.2 K for period B. Trees surrounded by high fraction of impervious surfaces showed consistently higher ? T C. Knowledge of species-specific canopy temperature and the impacts of urban structures are essential in order to optimise the benefits from trees in cities. However, comprehensive evaluation and optimisation should take the full range of climatological effects into account.

Meier, Fred; Scherer, Dieter

2012-12-01

108

[Existing and possible working areas for social workers in the public health service of Berlin and Brandenburg].  

PubMed

Standardised questionnaires were used to examine in which Public Health Service areas of Berlin and Brandenburg (Germany) social workers are currently active. The main goal was to ascertain the working approaches and primary areas of their activities. Another aim was to look into the co-operation between public health service and resident doctors, mutual aid groups, out-patient services and social services in other institutions (hospitals, health insurance, services for disabled persons and nursing homes). It was also examined whether current social and economical changes raise a need for new counselling offers from the public health service for other target groups (unemployed, women and homeless persons). PMID:11507672

Reinicke, P

2001-07-01

109

The Berlin Declaration on tuberculosis and its consequences for TB research and control in the WHO-Euro region.  

PubMed

In his famous presentation 'Ueber Tuberculose', Robert Koch (1843-1910) changed the view on tuberculosis as disease, identified Mycobacterium tuberculosis as the etiologic agent and revolutionized the fight against infectious disease in diagnosis, therapy and prevention. Koch gave this presentation in Berlin on March 24, 1882 [1]. Exactly 100 years later, 1982, the International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (IUATLD) proposed the 24th of March as 'World Tuberculosis Day'. Fourteen years later, in 1996, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed this day as the official day commemorating the disease and its victims, as well as the global endeavours to fight tuberculosis. PMID:24265907

Ulrichs, T

2012-12-01

110

Modeling the fate of organic micropollutants during river bank filtration (Berlin, Germany).  

PubMed

Emerging organic contaminants (EOCs) are frequently detected in urban surface water and the adjacent groundwater and are therefore an increasing problem for potable water quality. River bank filtration (RBF) is a beneficial pretreatment step to improve surface water quality for potable use. Removal is mainly caused by microbial degradation of micropollutants, while sorption retards the transport. The quantification of biodegradation and adsorption parameters for EOCs at field scale is still scarce. In this study, the fate and behavior of a range of organic compounds during RBF were investigated using a two dimensional numerical flow- and transport model. The data base used emanated from a project conducted in Berlin, Germany (NASRI: Natural and Artificial Systems for Recharge and Infiltration). Oxygen isotope signatures and hydraulic head data were used for model calibration. Afterwards, twelve organic micropollutants were simulated with a reactive transport model. Three compounds (primidone, EDTA, and AMDOPH) showed conservative behavior (no biodegradation or sorption). For the nine remaining compounds (1.5 NDSA, AOX, AOI, MTBE, carbamazepine, clindamycin, phenazone, diclofenac and sulfamethoxazole), degradation and/or sorption was observed. 1.5 NDSA and AOX were not sorbed, but slightly degraded with model results for ?=2.25e(-3) 1/d and 2.4e(-3) 1/d. For AOI a ?=0.0106 1/d and R=1 were identified. MTBE could be characterized well assuming R=1 and a low 1st order degradation rate constant (?=0.0085 1/d). Carbamazepine degraded with a half life time of about 66 days after a threshold value of 0.2-0.3 ?g/L was exceeded and retarded slightly (R=1.7). Breakthrough curves of clindamycin, phenazone, diclofenac and sulfamethoxazole could be fitted less well, probably due to the dependency of degradation on temperature and redox conditions, which are highly transient at the RBF site. Conditions range from oxic to anoxic (up to iron-reducing), with the oxic and denitrifying zones moving spatially back and forth over time. PMID:24270159

Henzler, Aline F; Greskowiak, Janek; Massmann, Gudrun

2014-01-01

111

Modeling the fate of organic micropollutants during river bank filtration (Berlin, Germany)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Emerging organic contaminants (EOCs) are frequently detected in urban surface water and the adjacent groundwater and are therefore an increasing problem for potable water quality. River bank filtration (RBF) is a beneficial pretreatment step to improve surface water quality for potable use. Removal is mainly caused by microbial degradation of micropollutants, while sorption retards the transport. The quantification of biodegradation and adsorption parameters for EOCs at field scale is still scarce. In this study, the fate and behavior of a range of organic compounds during RBF were investigated using a two dimensional numerical flow- and transport model. The data base used emanated from a project conducted in Berlin, Germany (NASRI: Natural and Artificial Systems for Recharge and Infiltration). Oxygen isotope signatures and hydraulic head data were used for model calibration. Afterwards, twelve organic micropollutants were simulated with a reactive transport model. Three compounds (primidone, EDTA, and AMDOPH) showed conservative behavior (no biodegradation or sorption). For the nine remaining compounds (1.5 NDSA, AOX, AOI, MTBE, carbamazepine, clindamycin, phenazone, diclofenac and sulfamethoxazole), degradation and/or sorption was observed. 1.5 NDSA and AOX were not sorbed, but slightly degraded with model results for ? = 2.25e- 3 1/d and 2.4e- 3 1/d. For AOI a ? = 0.0106 1/d and R = 1 were identified. MTBE could be characterized well assuming R = 1 and a low 1st order degradation rate constant (? = 0.0085 1/d). Carbamazepine degraded with a half life time of about 66 days after a threshold value of 0.2-0.3 ?g/L was exceeded and retarded slightly (R = 1.7). Breakthrough curves of clindamycin, phenazone, diclofenac and sulfamethoxazole could be fitted less well, probably due to the dependency of degradation on temperature and redox conditions, which are highly transient at the RBF site. Conditions range from oxic to anoxic (up to iron-reducing), with the oxic and denitrifying zones moving spatially back and forth over time.

Henzler, Aline F.; Greskowiak, Janek; Massmann, Gudrun

2014-01-01

112

Vertical profiles of O3, NO2, NOx, VOC, and meteorological parameters during the Berlin Ozone Experiment (BERLIOZ) campaign  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During the intensive observational periods of the BERLIOZ campaign (20 and 21 July 1998 and 3 August 1998), vertical profiles from 0 to 800 m above ground of O3, NO2, NOx, selected VOC, and meteorological parameters were measured by means of a comprehensive tethered balloon system at Papstthum, a rural site 50 north west of the city of Berlin. Every 2 hours a complete profile was obtained. The VOC were collected on charcoal tubes simultaneously at four different heights over time intervals of 3 hours. The measurement systems participated at the quality assurance measures of the BERLIOZ campaign and fully complied with the data quality objectives. The balloon data provide important information on the vertical gradients of the trace gases at Pabstthum and clearly identify the development of the boundary layer in the course of the day. This information is important for the interpretation of the radical measurements discussed in the accompanying publications. They also give insight in the vertical extent of air masses of different chemical regimes and their temporal evolution. During the morning hours of 20 July the evolution of the city plume passing the measurement site with a vertical extension of 800 m could be documented. Owing to degradation by the reaction with NO a reduced O3 concentration level was observed within the plume in the morning hours of 20 July. The highest peak concentrations of the campaign observed on ground level in the morning of 21 July could not be attributed to the Berlin city plume.

Glaser, K.; Vogt, U.; Baumbach, G.; Volz-Thomas, A.; Geiss, H.

2003-02-01

113

High-resolution spatial distribution of temperature over Berlin simulated by the mesoscale model METRAS and comparison with measured data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The world's population is projected to increase in the next decades especially in urban areas. Additionally, the living conditions are affected largely by the local urban climate. The urban climate is a complex local system which might change differently than the regional climate. Studying the spatial distribution of air temperature and urban heat island intensity is one of the major concerns in the climate change scenarios. Due to the expected higher frequency of heat waves in the future and the related heat stress, high resolution distribution of air temperature is an important key for urban planning and development. In this study the non-hydrostatic Mesoscale Transport and Fluid Model (METRAS) developed at the University of Hamburg is used to simulate the air temperature for the urban area of Berlin. The forcing data have been derived from the ECMWF reanalysis data. We have used three nested domains (resolution of 4 km, 1 km, 200 m) to simulate the temperature in Berlin. Evaluation of these mesoscale model results is challenging for urban areas, due to the sparse and heterogeneous distribution of meteorological stations and the heterogeneous land cover in urban areas. The Meteorological Institute of the Free University of Berlin organized six measurement campaigns in 2012. Measurements were taken at 31 different routes through Berlin using mobile measurement systems. In comparison with data from permanent weather stations the mobile measurements show a general overestimation of temperature and underestimation of relative humidity values. This may be the result of the different land cover types and places, where the mobile measurements and the stationary measurements were taken. The highly resolved (200 m) simulated air temperature from METRAS has been verified for three different selected summer days in 2012 with different pressure patterns over Berlin. For the model evaluation, the data from the measuring campaign and 34 permanent stations have been used. The results show that METRAS overestimated the cloud water and rain water content on the first two selected days. The air temperature on the first two days has been underestimated by the model due to the reduced incoming radiation, and the strength of the urban heat island has not been reproduced. The mean absolute error is higher during the day time and especially in the city center. The last selected day is a sunny day with light wind from the Northwest. On this day the diurnal temperature variation is well reproduced by the model, although METRAS predicts short showers for several small areas during the afternoon. The showers do not lead to a temperature decrease over the whole city. The mean absolute error is much smaller in comparison with the other days. The temperature peak and the urban heat island are well consistent with observations. The mean absolute error is smaller in the city center and larger over the green areas. The spatial distribution of simulated temperature is in a good agreement with the measurements.

Sodoudi, Sahar; Schäfer, Kerstin; Grawe, David; Petrik, Ronny; Heinke Schlünzen, K.

2014-05-01

114

High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) on Mars Express - a decade of PR/EO activities at Freie Universität Berlin  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since 2003 the High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) experiment on the Mars Express mission is in orbit around Mars. First images were sent to Earth on January 14th, 2004. The goal-oriented HRSC data dissemination and the transparent representation of the associated work and results are the main aspects that contributed to the success in the public perception of the experiment. The Planetary Sciences and Remote Sensing Group at Freie Universität Berlin (FUB) offers both, an interactive web based data access, and browse/download options for HRSC press products [www.fu-berlin.de/planets]. Close collaborations with exhibitors as well as print and digital media representatives allows for regular and directed dissemination of, e.g., conventional imagery, orbital/synthetic surface epipolar images, video footage, and high-resolution displays. On a monthly basis we prepare press releases in close collaboration with the European Space Agency (ESA) and the German Aerospace Center (DLR) [http://www.geo.fu-berlin.de/en/geol/fachrichtungen/planet/press/index.html]. A release comprises panchromatic, colour, anaglyph, and perspective views of a scene taken from an HRSC image of the Martian surface. In addition, a context map and descriptive texts in English and German are provided. More sophisticated press releases include elaborate animations and simulated flights over the Martian surface, perspective views of stereo data combined with colour and high resolution, mosaics, and perspective views of data mosaics. Altogether 970 high quality PR products and 15 movies were created at FUB during the last decade and published via FUB/DLR/ESA platforms. We support educational outreach events, as well as permanent and special exhibitions. Examples for that are the yearly "Science Fair", where special programs for kids are offered, and the exhibition "Mars Mission and Vision" which is on tour until 2015 through 20 German towns, showing 3-D movies, surface models, and images of the HRSC camera experiment. Press and media appearances of group members, and talks to school classes and interested communities also contribute to the public outreach. For HRSC data dissemination we use digital platforms. Since 2007 HRSC image data can be viewed and accessed via the online interface HRSCview [http://hrscview.fu-berlin.de] which was built in cooperation with the DLR Institute for Planetary Research. Additionally HRSC ortho images (level 4) are presented in a modern MapServer setup in GIS-read format since 2013 [http://www.geo.fu-berlin.de/en/geol/fachrichtungen/planet/projects/marsexpress/level4downloads/index.html]. All of these offers ensured the accessibility of HRSC data and products to the science community as well as to the general public for the last ten years and will do so also in the future, taking advantage of modern and user-optimized applications and networks.

Balthasar, Heike; Dumke, Alexander; van Gasselt, Stephan; Gross, Christoph; Michael, Gregory; Musiol, Stefanie; Neu, Dominik; Platz, Thomas; Rosenberg, Heike; Schreiner, Björn; Walter, Sebastian

2014-05-01

115

Visual Display, Media Convergence, and a Reconsideration of Media Ecology: The Jewish Museum Berlin as a Site of Interactive Technological Integration  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper considers the contribution that the media ecology tradition can make to contemporary scholarship on media convergence. Using the Jewish Museum Berlin as a case study, it is suggested that media convergence scholarship remains too focused on the development of new technologies and the consolidation of the media industry. Displays in the museum integrate the message encoding practices of

Brent Saindon

116

Characterization of CoRoT Target Fields with the Berlin Exoplanet Search Telescope: Identification of Periodic Variable Stars in the LRa1 Field  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we report on observations of the CoRoT LRa1 field with the Berlin Exoplanet Search Telescope (BEST). The current paper is part of a series of papers describing the results of our stellar variability survey. The BEST is a small aperture telescope with a wide field of view (FOV). It is dedicated to searching for stellar variability within

P. Kabath; P. Eigmüller; A. Erikson; P. Hedelt; P. von Paris; H. Rauer; S. Renner; R. Titz; C. Karoff

2008-01-01

117

Superfund Record of Decision (EPA Region 5): Berlin and Farro site, Swartz Creek, MI. (First remedial action), September 1991. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The 40-acre Berlin and Farro site is a former liquid incineration and landfill facility in Gaines Township, Genessee County, Michigan. The site overlies two aquifers, which provide well water to the approximately 80 permanent homes located within a 1/2 mile radius of the site. From 1971 to 1975, Berlin and Farro Liquid Incineration, Inc., used the site to accept and store industrial wastes prior to incineration, and disposed of crushed drums in a 1.1-acre onsite landfill. In 1975, Berlin and Farro's permits were revoked; however, illegal dumping of industrial waste into the lagoons apparently continued after the site was closed. Several separate clean-up actions were undertaken by the PRPs, the State, and EPA during the early to mid-1980's. The Record of Decision (ROD) addresses the final remedy for contaminated soil, sediment, and ground water at the Berlin and Farro site. The primary contaminants of concern affecting the soil, sediment, and ground water are VOCs including benzene, PCE, TCE, toluene, and xylenes; and metals including arsenic, chromium, and lead. The selected remedial action for this site is included.

Not Available

1991-09-30

118

Interactive short-term effects of equivalent temperature and air pollution on human mortality in Berlin and Lisbon.  

PubMed

There is substantial evidence that both temperature and air pollution are predictors of mortality. Thus far, few studies have focused on the potential interactive effects between the thermal environment and different measures of air pollution. Such interactions, however, are biologically plausible, as (extreme) temperature or increased air pollution might make individuals more susceptible to the effects of each respective predictor. This study investigated the interactive effects between equivalent temperature and air pollution (ozone and particulate matter) in Berlin (Germany) and Lisbon (Portugal) using different types of Poisson regression models. The findings suggest that interactive effects exist between air pollutants and equivalent temperature. Bivariate response surface models and generalised additive models (GAMs) including interaction terms showed an increased risk of mortality during periods of elevated equivalent temperatures and air pollution. Cold effects were mostly unaffected by air pollution. The study underscores the importance of air pollution control in mitigating heat effects. PMID:23941745

Burkart, Katrin; Canário, Paulo; Breitner, Susanne; Schneider, Alexandra; Scherber, Katharina; Andrade, Henrique; Alcoforado, Maria João; Endlicher, Wilfried

2013-12-01

119

Extraction of highly charged ions from the Berlin Electron Beam Ion Trap for interactions with a gas target  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Highly charged ions are extracted from the Berlin Electron Beam Ion Trap for investigations of charge exchange with a gas target. The classical over-the-barrier model for slow highly charged ions describes this process, whereby one or more electrons are captured from the target into Rydberg states of the ion. The excited state relaxes via a radiative cascade of the electron to ground energy. The cascade spectra are characteristic of the capture state. We investigate x-ray photons emitted as a result of interactions between Ar17+ ions at energies <=5q keV with Ar atoms. Of particular interest is the velocity dependence of the angular momentum capture state lc.

Allen, F. I.; Biedermann, C.; Radtke, R.; Fussmann, G.

2006-03-01

120

Comparison of Perinatal Data of Immigrant Women of Turkish Origin and German Women - Results of a Prospective Study in Berlin  

PubMed Central

Aims: The aim of the study was to compare obstetrical process indicators and outcomes for German women with women of Turkish origin residing in Germany. Do women of Turkish origin attend antenatal examinations as frequently as non-immigrant women? Are high-risk pregnancies and anemia more common among immigrant women? Are the rates for epidural analgesia (PDA) and combined spinal-epidural analgesia (CSE) during delivery the same for immigrant women compared to German women? Are there identifiable differences in the mode of delivery and in perinatal outcomes? Patient Population/Methods: Data were obtained from 3 maternity clinics in Berlin for the period 2011 to 2012. The questionnaires covered socio-demographic factors and information on prenatal care as well as immigration/acculturation. The data obtained from these questionnaires was supplemented by information obtained from the official maternal record of prenatal and natal care (Mutterpass) and perinatal data recorded by the clinic. Results: The response rate was 89.6?%; the data of 1277 women of Turkish origin who had immigrated to Germany or whose family had immigrated and of 2991 non-immigrant women in Germany were included in the study. Regression analysis showed no statistically significant difference in the number of antenatal examinations between immigrant and non-immigrant women. Women of Turkish origin born in Germany had a significantly higher risk of postpartum anemia. PDA/CSE rate, arterial umbilical cord pH and 5-minute Apgar scores did not differ. The incidence of cesarean sections (elective and secondary) was significantly lower in the population of immigrant women of Turkish origin. Conclusion: Outcomes for most perinatal parameters were comparable for immigrant and non-immigrant women. These results indicate that the achieved standards of antenatal care and medical care during pregnancy are similar for Turkish immigrant women compared to non-immigrant women in maternity clinics in Berlin. The higher rates of anemia among immigrant women should be targeted by preventive measures.

David, M.; Borde, T.; Brenne, S.; Ramsauer, B.; Henrich, W.; Breckenkamp, J.; Razum, O.

2014-01-01

121

Extraction of Urban Morphology Parameters from Generic European Datasets: A Case Study for Antwerp, Berlin and Almada  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Climate change is driven by global processes such as the global ocean circulation and its variability over time leading to changing weather patterns on regional scales as well as changes in the severity and occurrence of extreme events such as heat waves. The response of urban societies to the evolving climate depends not only on their regional climate characteristics but also on other local factors such as the urban heat island effect. Simulation of this phenomenon with local urban climate models requires comprehensive information about the urban morphology. This study focusses on the extraction of the planar and frontal area indices from detailed 3D city models and their relationship with the European Soil Sealing Level database from the European Environment Agency. These parameters have been calculated on a 1km2 grid and compared with soil sealing values aggregated at the same spatial resolution. The optimal size of the grid is a trade-off between the level of detail and the robustness of the established relationships by reducing the scatter at small scales. Moreover, the transferability of the results to other geographical areas has been investigated. The analyses have been conducted in the framework of the NACLIM FP7 project funded by the European Commission and include the cities of Antwerp (BE), Berlin (DE) and Almada (PT) represented by different climate and urban characteristics. First results show a correlation of 70% between the planar area index and the averaged soil sealing using a linear regression model at a 1km scale. Moreover, a good correspondence has been found between the relationships for Antwerp and Berlin which is promising for urban climate modellers to reduce model complexity and analyse various climate scenarios in an effective way.

Stevens, Catherine; Thomas, Bart

2014-05-01

122

The genesis of Jan Steens painting “As the old ones sing, so the young ones pipe” from the Gemäldegalerie Berlin  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In collaboration with the research reactor of the Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie, the Gemäldegalerie Berlin is the only institute worldwide, which systematically employs the method of Neutron-Activation-Autoradiography to analyze paintings and painting techniques. To date more than 70 paintings were investigated with this effective, non-destructive, and exceptional method. It allows the visualization of structures and layers beneath the top surface and, in addition, enables the identification of elements contained in the pigments. The instrument B8 at the research reactor BER II is dedicated to this research. Jan Steen is one of the prolific artists from the 17th century. Like other artists from that time he produced several versions of one specific topic during life-time. The topic "As the old ones sing, so the young ones pipe" was painted by Jan Steen in 13 versions. The painting from the Gemäldegalerie is an exception in this series as it differs in style and content from the other oeuvres. The question arises: why did the artist deviate from his usual scheme? The possible answer is provided by X-ray images and neutron autoradiographs made of the painting, allowing insight into hidden paint layers and, therefore, in the genesis of the painting. Jan Steen did not simply change the composition of the room and the figures. He originally intended an altogether different topic. Assumedly it was supposed to be a so-called merry company, located in a generous, stately room. Many pieces of this sophisticated ambiance have been eliminated from the version visible today; others were modified and integrated into the composition of the new painting. Thus, Jan Steen commenced the topic "As the old ones sing, so the young ones pipe" from a different context.

Denker, A.; Kleinert, K.; Laurenze-Landsberg, C.; Reimelt, M.; Schröder-Smeibidl, B.

2011-09-01

123

Rate of cardiac arrhythmias and silent brain lesions in experienced marathon runners: rationale, design and baseline data of the Berlin Beat of Running study  

PubMed Central

Background Regular exercise is beneficial for cardiovascular health but a recent meta-analysis indicated a relationship between extensive endurance sport and a higher risk of atrial fibrillation, an independent risk factor for stroke. However, data on the frequency of cardiac arrhythmias or (clinically silent) brain lesions during and after marathon running are missing. Methods/ Design In the prospective observational “Berlin Beat of Running” study experienced endurance athletes underwent clinical examination (CE), 3 Tesla brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), carotid ultrasound imaging (CUI) and serial blood sampling (BS) within 2-3?days prior (CE, MRI, CUI, BS), directly after (CE, BS) and within 2?days after (CE, MRI, BS) the 38th BMW BERLIN-MARATHON 2011. All participants wore a portable electrocardiogram (ECG)-recorder throughout the 4 to 5?days baseline study period. Participants with pathological MRI findings after the marathon, troponin elevations or detected cardiac arrhythmias will be asked to undergo cardiac MRI to rule out structural abnormalities. A follow-up is scheduled after one year. Results Here we report the baseline data of the enrolled 110 athletes aged 36-61?years. Their mean age was 48.8?±?6.0?years, 24.5% were female, 8.2% had hypertension and 2.7% had hyperlipidaemia. Participants have attended a mean of 7.5?±?6.6 marathon races within the last 5?years and a mean of 16?±?36 marathon races in total. Their weekly running distance prior to the 38th BMW BERLIN-MARATHON was 65?±?17?km. Finally, 108 (98.2%) Berlin Beat-Study participants successfully completed the 38th BMW BERLIN-MARATHON 2011. Discussion Findings from the “Berlin Beats of Running” study will help to balance the benefits and risks of extensive endurance sport. ECG-recording during the marathon might contribute to identify athletes at risk for cardiovascular events. MRI results will give new insights into the link between physical stress and brain damage. Trial registration clinicaltrials.gov NCT01428778

2012-01-01

124

Thiopurine methyltransferase genetics is not a major risk factor for secondary malignant neoplasms after treatment of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia on Berlin-Frankfurt-Münster protocols.  

PubMed

Thiopurine methyltransferase (TPMT)is involved in the metabolism of thiopurines such as 6-mercaptopurine and 6-thioguanine. TPMT activity is significantly altered by genetics, and heterozygous and even more homozygous variant people reveal substiantially decreased TPMT activity. Treatment for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) regularly includes the use of thiopurine drugs. Importantly, childhood ALL patients with low TPMT activity have been considered to be at increased risk of developing therapy-associated acute myeloid leukemia and brain tumors. In the present study, we genotyped 105 of 129 patients who developed a secondary malignant neoplasm after ALL treatment on 7 consecutive German Berlin-Frankfurt-Münster trials for all functionally relevant TPMT variants. Frequencies of TPMT variants were similarly distributed in secondary malignant neoplasm patients and the overall ALL patient population of 814 patients. Thus, TPMT does not play a major role in the etiology of secondary malignant neoplasm after treatment for childhood ALL, according to Berlin-Frankfurt-Münster strategies. PMID:19535798

Stanulla, Martin; Schaeffeler, Elke; Möricke, Anja; Coulthard, Sally A; Cario, Gunnar; Schrauder, André; Kaatsch, Peter; Dördelmann, Michael; Welte, Karl; Zimmermann, Martin; Reiter, Alfred; Eichelbaum, Michel; Riehm, Hansjörg; Schrappe, Martin; Schwab, Matthias

2009-08-13

125

Underground high-power transmission: first results of testing a 110 kV lowpressure oil-filled cable with a water cooled conductor in Berlin (West), Germany  

SciTech Connect

The Berliner Kraft- u. Licht (BEWAG)AG have been conducting investigations during the last several years on a 110 kV low-pressure oil-filled high-power cable with a water cooled conductor and a load capacity of 950 MVA at 110 kV. After successful transport of the cable drums (weight: 16 metric tons; diameter: 4.9 m) from the manufacturing in Cologne, West Germany, to Berlin (West), and after laying of the cable over a 300 m stretch, the commissioning tests in accordance with IEC and VDE* standards have been concluded, and several loadings with a current of 5000 A have been performed. Now, after completion of various improvements in the test system, preparations are underway for initiation of long-term testing over a period of approx. 18 months.

Kunisch, H.J.; Blasius, P.

1982-07-01

126

Chemical effects in 11-year solar cycle simulations with the Freie Universität Berlin Climate Middle Atmosphere Model with online chemistry (FUB-CMAM-CHEM)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The impact of 11-year solar cycle variations on stratospheric ozone (O3) is studied with the Freie Universität Berlin Climate Middle Atmosphere Model with interactive chemistry (FUB-CMAM-CHEM). To consider the effect of variations in charged particle precipitation we included an idealized NOx source in the upper mesosphere representing relativistic electron precipitation (REP). Our results suggest that the NOx source by particles

Ulrike Langematz; J. Lee Grenfell; Katja Matthes; Peter Mieth; Markus Kunze; Benedikt Steil; Christoph Brühl

2005-01-01

127

Obstructive sleep apnea, verbal memory, and executive function in a community-based high-risk population identified by the Berlin Questionnaire Akershus Sleep Apnea Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose  Cognitive functions in community-dwelling adults at high risk of obstructive sleep apnea have not been described and nor are\\u000a associations between cognitive functions and obstructive sleep apnea severity fully understood. The study aimed to describe\\u000a verbal memory and executive function in community-dwelling adults identified by the Berlin Questionnaire and to investigate\\u000a associations between these cognitive domains and different obstructive sleep

Harald Hrubos-Strøm; Inger H. Nordhus; Gunnar Einvik; Anna Randby; Torbjørn Omland; Kjetil Sundet; Torbjørn Moum; Toril Dammen

128

Characterization of CoRoT Target Fields With Berlin Exoplanet Search Telescope. II. Identification of Periodic Variable Stars in the LRc2 Field  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report on photometric observations of the CoRoT LRc2 field with the new robotic Berlin Exoplanet Search Telescope II (BEST II). The telescope system was installed and commissioned at the Observatorio Cerro Armazones, Chile, in 2007. BEST II is a small aperture telescope with a wide field of view dedicated to the characterization of the stellar variability primarily in CoRoT

P. Kabath; T. Fruth; H. Rauer; A. Erikson; M. G. Murphy; R. Chini; R. Lemke; Sz. Csizmadia; P. Eigmüller; T. Pasternacki; R. Titz

2009-01-01

129

Model based verification and prognosis of acidification and sulphate releasing processes downstream of a former sewage field in Berlin (Germany)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An ammonium contamination plume originating from sewage field management practices over several decades is affecting the water quality at the well fields of the Friedrichshagen waterworks in Berlin, Germany. Because hydraulic measures were unsuccessful due to the fixation of ammonium on the aquifer matrix by cation exchange, an in situ nitrification measure by injection of oxygen gas was chosen to protect the extraction wells. In order to assess the hydro chemical processes accompanying this in situ measure, reactive transport modelling was performed. The relevant processes are the dissolution of oxygen gas and the nitrification of ammonium which initiate secondary geochemical processes like sulphate release, acidification and hardening. The reactive transport modelling began with the deduction of a reaction network, followed by the mathematical formulation and incorporation of reactive terms into a reactive transport solver. Two model versions were set up: (1) a simplified large scale model to evaluate the long-term reaction zoning to be expected due to permanent oxygen gas injection, and (2) a verification of the monitored hydrochemistry during a first field test performed near the contamination source. The results of reactive transport modelling demonstrate that in situ injection of oxygen gas will be effective in reducing the ammonium load from the well fields, and that acidification processes near the production wells can be minimized. Finally, a line of gas injection wells extending over the whole width of the ammonium contamination plume will be constructed to protect the well fields from further ammonium load.

Horner, Christoph; Engelmann, Frank; Nützmann, Gunnar

2009-04-01

130

[Resistance to second-line drugs in migrants with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in the berlin region].  

PubMed

The empiric therapy of multidrug-resistant (MDR) tuberculosis (TB) after rapid molecular testing is rendered difficult by an often several weeks-long period of uncertainty, because results of susceptibility testing for second-line TB drugs are pending. The analysis of regional resistance patterns could lead to a more targeted empiric treatment for migrants depending on their country of origin. The results of the susceptibility testing from 2008 to 2013 of all mycobacteria sent to the Institute of Microbiology, working with the department of Pneumology, Heckeshorn Lung Clinic, Berlin, were reanalysed and tested for regional differences. We found 39 multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains among the examined strains. More than half of these strains tested susceptible to the following second line drugs namely, linezolid (97?%), clofazimine (95?%), cycloserine (95?%), capreomycin (90?%), p-aminosalicylic acid (82?%), moxifloxacin (79?%) and amikacin (79?%). The proportion of strains susceptible to pyrazinamide (44?%), ethambutol (28?%), prothionamide (15?%), rifabutin (8?%) and streptomycin (8?%) was lower. The mycobacterial cultures of the Chechen patients (n?=?14) showed significantly different susceptibilities to amikacin (57?%) and prothionamide (36?%) compared to the strains from migrants of other regions. In this study, the regional differences in mycobacterial susceptibility to second line drugs suggest that the initial MDR TB therapy of migrants should be tailored to their country of origin. PMID:25006843

Otto-Knapp, R; Bös, L; Schönfeld, N; Wagner, S; Starzacher, A K; Weiss, T; Vesenbeckh, S; Glaser-Paschke, G; Mauch, H; Rüssmann, H; Bauer, T T

2014-07-01

131

BioRef: A versatile time-of-flight reflectometer for soft matter applications at Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin  

SciTech Connect

BioRef is a versatile novel time-of-flight reflectometer featuring a sample environment for in situ infrared spectroscopy at the reactor neutron source BER II of the Helmholtz Zentrum Berlin fuer Materialien und Energie (HZB). After two years of design and construction phase the instrument has recently undergone commissioning and is now available for specular and off-specular neutron reflectivity measurements. BioRef is especially dedicated to the investigation of soft matter systems and studies at the solid-liquid interface. Due to flexible resolution modes and variable addressable wavelength bands that allow for focusing onto a selected scattering vector range, BioRef enables a broad range of surface and interface investigations and even kinetic studies with subsecond time resolution. The instrumental settings can be tailored to the specific requirements of a wide range of applications. The performance is demonstrated by several reference measurements, and the unique option of in situ on-board infrared spectroscopy is illustrated by the example of a phase transition study in a lipid multilayer film.

Strobl, M.; Kreuzer, M. [University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 253, 69120 Heidelberg (Germany); Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin, Hahn-Meitner-Platz 1, 14109 Berlin (Germany); Steitz, R.; Rose, M.; Herrlich, H. [Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin, Hahn-Meitner-Platz 1, 14109 Berlin (Germany); Mezei, F. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); Grunze, M.; Dahint, R. [University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 253, 69120 Heidelberg (Germany)

2011-05-15

132

[Data on the history of the Pathology Department of the Berlin Charité Hospital. 2. Robert Friedrich Froriep, prosector at Charité, 1833-1846].  

PubMed

An account is given in this publication of the activities of Robert Friedrich Froriep (1804-1861), Prosector at Charité Berlin. He headed the Prosector's Department from 1833 through 1846. Froriep had come to Berlin in 1831 with intentions to do research, primarily on cholera with which the city had been afflicted in those years. When the position of a "Provisional Prosector" of Charité became vacant, after withdrawal of Philipp Phoebus, autumn 1832, the officials of the Hospital Affairs Curatory decided to continue the provisional arrangement, and five candidates applied for the office. Froriep was accepted primarily for two reasons: He had just completed service as an extraordinary professor at the Berlin Faculty of Medicine, and he was capable of producing evidence to the double-track education desired for the job, anatomy and scientific drawing. The Prosector's office was a low-salary side job. Therefore, to ensure his own livelihood, he went into two additional occupations, teaching of anatomic drawing at the Academy of Fine Arts and running of a private clinic. Froriep did extremely well in firmly establishing the Prosector's Department by enhancement of its scope and enlargement of its collection of pathologic-anatomic specimens. He failed, on the other hand, in his attempts to establish pathological anatomy as a subject in its own right at the Berlin Faculty of Medicine. That failure together with insecurity regarding the Prosector's office and position in the hierarchic system of Charité, compounded by protracted disputes between him and Johannes Müller on the Prosector's collection of specimens were causes for Froriep's aggravating frustration towards the late thirties. He also failed in trying to stabilize his scientific and financial positions by accepting directorship of a surgical department. The totality of problems in Berlin and illness of his father in Weimar prompted him to move to Weimar, in spring 1846, to take over as a manager of the Frorieps' family enterprise "Landes-Industrie-Comptoir", after the King of Prussia had bestowed upon him the title of a Privy Councillor of Medicine. PMID:2089851

Krietsch, P

1990-01-01

133

[Tick infestation and tick prophylaxis in dogs in the area of Berlin/Brandenburg--results of a questionnaire study].  

PubMed

Ticks can transmit different pathogens to humans and animals. Dogs are frequently exposed to tick infestation, which underscores the importance of tick control measures. The objective of this study was to examine the awareness of dog owners regarding tick infestation and tick prophylaxis by a questionnaire survey. During the period from March to December 2010 a total of 616 owners of 670 dogs completed the questionnaire. According to the questionnaire results, 92% of the dogs were previously infested by ticks; 31% of these showed a moderate tick infestation (1-2 ticks a month), almost one in ten dogs was infested by eight or more ticks a month. 17% of the dogs were examined for ticks by the respective owner not at all or only at irregular intervals, 61% of the dogs were examined at least once a day. A tick prophylaxis was performed in 469 dogs (71%). In 353 dogs (53%), registered pharmaceutical products with appropriate label claims were employed. Spot-on products were used most frequently (93%), followed by collars (5%) and sprays (1%).These products were not used as recommended in 56% of the dogs. For further 33% of the dogs, it was not possible to decide if the products were used correctly or not. According to the dog owner statements, tick borne diseases were diagnosed in approximately 2% of the dogs. Dog specific characters, such as coat length, size, age, and walking habits were significant factors influencing the frequency of tick infestation. In summary it can be concluded that nearly every dog in the area of Berlin/Brandenburg is infested by ticks. In the majority of cases the prophylactic and/or therapeutic measures to prevent infestation are not performed correctly. PMID:23367671

Beck, Stephanie; Schein, Eberhard; Baldermann, Claudia; von Samson-Himmelstjerna, Georg; Kohn, Barbara

2013-01-01

134

Urban Impact Assessment and Adaptation Strategies to Climate Change in Europe: A Case Study for Antwerp, Berlin and Almada  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Climate change is driven by global processes such as the global ocean circulation and its variability over time leading to changing weather patterns on regional scales as well as changes in the severity and occurrence of extreme events such as heat waves. For example, the summer 2003 European heat wave caused up to 70.000 excess deaths over four months in Central and Western Europe. As around 75% of Europe's population resides in urban areas, it is of particular relevance to examine the impact of seasonal to decadal-scale climate variability on urban areas and their populations. This study aims at downscaling the spatially coarse resolution CMIP5 climate predictions to the local urban scale and investigating the relation between heat waves and the urban-rural temperature increment (urban heat island effect). The resulting heat stress effect is not only driven by climatic variables but also impacted by urban morphology. Moreover, the exposure varies significantly with the geographical location. All this information is coupled with relevant socio-economic datasets such as population density, age structure, etc. focussing on human health. The analyses are conducted in the framework of the NACLIM FP7 project funded by the European Commission involving local stakeholders such as the cities of Antwerp (BE), Berlin (DE) and Almada (PT) represented by different climate and urban characteristics. The end-user needs have been consolidated in a climate services plan including the production of heat risk exposure maps and the analysis of various scenarios considering e.g. the uncertainty of the global climate predictions, urban expansion over time and the impact of mitigation measures such as green roofs. The results of this study will allow urban planners and policy makers facing the challenges of climate change and develop sound strategies for the design and management of climate resilient cities.

Stevens, Catherine; Thomas, Bart

2014-05-01

135

Dispersion of traffic-related exhaust particles near the Berlin urban motorway: estimation of fleet emission factors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Atmospheric particle number size distributions of airborne particles (diameter range 10 500 nm) were measured over ten weeks at three sites in the vicinity of the A100 urban motorway in Berlin, Germany. The A100 carries about 180 000 vehicles on a weekday, and roadside particle size distributions showed a number maximum between 20 and 60 nm clearly related to the motorway emissions. The average total number concentration at roadside was 28 000 cm-3 with a total range between 1200 and 168 000 cm-3. At distances of 80 and 400 m from the motorway the concentrations decreased to mean levels of 11 000 and 9 000 cm-3, respectively. An obstacle-resolving dispersion model was applied to simulate the 3-D flow field and traffic tracer transport in the urban environment around the motorway. By inverse modelling, vehicle emission factors were derived, representative of a relative share of 6% lorry-like vehicles, and a driving speed of about 80 km h-1. Three different calculation approaches were compared, which differ in the choice of the experimental winds driving the flow simulation. The average emission factor per vehicle was 2.1(±0.2) · 1014 km-1 for particle number and 0.077(±0.01) · 1014 cm3 km-1 for particle volume. Regression analysis suggested that lorry-like vehicles emit 116 (± 21) times more particulate number than passenger car-like vehicles, and that lorry-like vehicles account for about 91% of particulate number emissions on weekdays. Our work highlights the increasing applicability of 3-D flow models in urban microscale environments and their usefulness in determining traffic emission factors.

Birmili, W.; Alaviippola, B.; Hinneburg, D.; Knoth, O.; Tuch, T.; Kleefeld-Borken, J.; Schacht, A.

2008-08-01

136

Dispersion of traffic-related exhaust particles near the Berlin urban motorway - estimation of fleet emission factors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Atmospheric particle number size distributions of airborne particles (diameter range 10-500 nm) were collected over ten weeks at three sites in the vicinity of the A100 urban motorway in Berlin, Germany. The A100 carries about 180 000 vehicles on a weekday. The roadside particle distributions showed a number maximum between 20 and 60 nm clearly related to the motorway emissions. The average total number concentration at roadside was 28 000 cm-3 with a total range of 1200-168 000 cm-3. At distances of 80 and 400 m from the motorway the concentrations decreased to mean levels of 11 000 and 9000 cm-3, respectively. An obstacle-resolving dispersion model was applied to simulate the 3-D flow field and traffic tracer transport in the urban environment around the motorway. By inverse modelling, vehicle emission factors were derived that are representative of a fleet with a relative share of 6% lorry-like vehicles, and driving at a speed of 80 km h-1. Three different calculation approaches were compared, which differ in the choice of the experimental winds driving the flow simulation. The average emission factor per vehicle was 2.1 (±0.2) · 1014 km-1 for particle number and 0.077 (±0.01) · 1014 cm3 km-1 for particle volume. Regression analysis suggested that lorry-like vehicles emit 123 (±28) times more particle number than passenger car-like vehicles, and lorry-like vehicles account for about 91% of particulate number emissions on weekdays. Our work highlights the increasing applicability of 3-D flow models in urban microscale environments and their usefulness for determining traffic emission factors.

Birmili, W.; Alaviippola, B.; Hinneburg, D.; Knoth, O.; Tuch, T.; Borken-Kleefeld, J.; Schacht, A.

2009-04-01

137

Application of the Berlin definition in PROMMTT patients: the impact of resuscitation on the incidence of hypoxemia  

PubMed Central

Introduction Acute lung injury following trauma resuscitation remains a concern despite recent advances. Utilizing PROMMTT study population, the risk of hypoxemia and potential modifiable risk factors are studied. Methods Patients with survival ? 24 hours with at least 1 ICU day were included in the analysis. Hypoxemia was categorized utilizing the Berlin definition for ARDS: none (PaO2 to FiO2 ratio (P/F) > 300 mmHg), mild (P/F = 201–300), moderate (P/F = 101–200) or severe (P/F ? 100). The cohort was dichotomized into those with none or mild hypoxemia and those with moderate or severe injury. Early resuscitation was defined as that occurring 0–6 hours from arrival, late resuscitation was defined as that occurring 7–24 hours. Multivariate logistic regression models were developed controlling for age, gender, mechanisms of injury, arrival physiology, individual AIS scores, blood transfusions and crystalloid administration. Results 58.7% (731/1245) met inclusion criteria. Hypoxemia occurred in 69% (mild 24%, moderate 28%, severe 17%). Mortality was highest (24%) in the severe group. During early resuscitation (0–6 h), logistic regression revealed age (OR 1.02, CI 1.00–1.04), chest AIS (OR 1.31, CI 1.10–1.57) and intravenous crystalloid fluids given in 500 mL increments (OR 1.12 CI 1.01–1.25) as predictive of moderate or severe hypoxemia. During late resuscitation, age (OR 1.02, CI 1.00–1.04), chest AIS (OR 1.33, CI 1.11–1.59) and crystalloids given during this period (OR 1.05 CI 1.01–1.10) were also predictive of moderate to severe hypoxemia. RBC, plasma and platelet transfusions (whether received during early or late resuscitation) failed to demonstrate an increased risk of developing moderate/severe hypoxemia. Conclusion Severe chest injury, increasing age and crystalloid-based resuscitation, but not blood transfusions, were associated with increased risk of developing moderate to severe hypoxemia following injury. Level of Evidence I

Robinson, Bryce RH; Cotton, Bryan A; Pritts, Timothy A; Branson, Richard; Holcomb, John B; Muskat, Peter C; Fox, Erin E; Wade, Charles E; del Junco, Deborah J; Bulger, Eileen M; Cohen, Mitchell J; Schreiber, Martin A; Myers, John G; Brasel, Karen J; Phelan, Herbert A; Alarcon, Louis H; Rahbar, Mohammad H; Callcut, Rachael A

2013-01-01

138

[Berlin dye laser].  

PubMed

The conditions for an optimal ophthalmic coagulating system are derived from the absorption spectra of xanthophyll, melanin and hemoglobin. Coagulation is effected by a dye laser with two dyes. The continuously tunable range of 570 nm to 680 nm opens up new horizons in photocoagulation of the retina. PMID:6543236

Wollensak, J; Seiler, T

1984-12-01

139

Orchards for edible cities: cadmium and lead content in nuts, berries, pome and stone fruits harvested within the inner city neighbourhoods in Berlin, Germany.  

PubMed

Today's urban gardening focuses mainly on vegetable production and rarely includes fruit trees. Health effects of consuming urban crops are questioned due to high local pollution loads. Here, we determined cadmium and lead content in the edible parts of nuts, berries, pome, and stone fruits harvested from fruit trees and shrubs within inner city neighbourhoods of Berlin, Germany. We analysed how local settings at sampling sites shaped the trace metal content. We revealed significant differences in trace metal content depending on species, fruit type, local traffic, and parameters related to barriers between the sampling site and neighbouring roads. Higher overall traffic burden and proximity to roads increased whereas buildings or vegetation as barriers reduced trace metal content in the edible biomass. We demonstrate, that the consumption of non-vegetable fruits growing in inner city sites in Berlin does not pose a risk on human health as long as the fruits are thoroughly washed and it is provided that site pollutions and impacts are considered in garden concepts and guidelines. PMID:24507151

von Hoffen, Laura Pauline; Säumel, Ina

2014-03-01

140

[Promoting competence in a model trial of a complementary course of study in health sciences/public health at the Berlin Technical University in cooperation with the Free University and other science and general practice institutions].  

PubMed

Since October 1992 (winter semester 92/93) graduates are being educated in Public Health at Berlin Technical University in cooperation with the Free University of Berlin as well as with the Humboldt University of Berlin and other institutions of science and practice in Berlin and Brandenburg. For the time being the course of studies is a pilot project for 4 years. The aim of the postgraduate studies is the creation of permanent structures and therefore institutionalisation. It is open to graduates and college graduates of public-health relevant subject areas of specialisation are "Health Promotion in the community and at the workplace" and "Planning and Management in Health Services". The course of studies takes 4 semesters and is divided into basic studies, studies of main points of emphasis and project studies. Social medicine and especially epidemiology are part of the basic disciplines, which are indispensable for finding the way of looking at problems concerning public health. The reason for the peculiarity with regard to establishing public health at other German universities are the main topics representing the interaction between the technical and ecological development of health. The graduate degree is "Magister of Public Health". During the time of the pilot project the course of studies is subjected to external and internal surveillance regarding quality assurance and quality optimisation of teaching and organisation of the studies. On the one hand this is done by an external advisory committee and on the other hand by internal and external evaluation. PMID:8298206

Motes, A; Möller, B; Räbiger, J

1993-11-01

141

New Padé approximations for the free charges in two-component strongly coupled plasmas based on the Unsöld-Berlin-Montroll asymptotics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Based on the available analytical formulae for the physical properties of the free charges in the quasi-classical density-temperature region new Padé approximations are derived. In the quasi-classical region the thermodynamical functions are at strong coupling determined by a linear dependence on the ?-parameter, similar as for the strongly coupled electron gas. The existing Padé approximations for strongly coupled plasmas are modified in such a way that in the quasi-classical region the correct asymptotics is obtained. Based on the slope predicted by the Unsöld theory, by the Berlin-Montroll theory or corresponding theories with linear ? asymptotics including corrections, concrete expressions are obtained and compared with other analytical approaches that neglect this case of asymptotics.

Stolzmann, W.; Ebeling, W.

1998-11-01

142

Collection and utilization of Japanese scientific and technological information in Europe and U.S.A. - Report on the Berlin Conference 1989 -  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 2nd International Conference on Japanese Information in Science Technology and Commerce was held on October 23-25, 1989 at Japanisch-Deutsches Zentrum Berlin, Federal Republic of Germany. During two years since previous Conference at Warwick, England, in 1987, much progresses were made in collecting, using and evaluating Japanese scientific, technological and industrial information in Western countries. On the other hands, overseas supply of Japanese databases and information by Japanese governmental and private organizations have been improved in many aspects. There occurred presentation of papers and valuable exchange of opinions and experiences. The Conference consisted of II Sessions which covered trends and policies, various information sources, analysis and distributions, Japanese language and Kanji processings and direct connection with Japan.

Miyakawa, Takayasu; Miwa, Makiko; Obara, Michio

143

CHARACTERIZATION OF CoRoT TARGET FIELDS WITH BERLIN EXOPLANET SEARCH TELESCOPE. II. IDENTIFICATION OF PERIODIC VARIABLE STARS IN THE LRc2 FIELD  

SciTech Connect

We report on photometric observations of the CoRoT LRc2 field with the new robotic Berlin Exoplanet Search Telescope II (BEST II). The telescope system was installed and commissioned at the Observatorio Cerro Armazones, Chile, in 2007. BEST II is a small aperture telescope with a wide field of view dedicated to the characterization of the stellar variability primarily in CoRoT target fields with high stellar densities. The CoRoT stellar field LRc2 was observed with BEST II up to 20 nights in 2007 July and August. From the acquired data containing about 100,000 stars, 426 new periodic variable stars were identified and 90% of them are located within the CoRoT exoplanetary CCD segments and may be of further interest for CoRoT additional science programs.

Kabath, P.; Fruth, T.; Rauer, H.; Erikson, A.; Csizmadia, Sz.; Eigmueller, P.; Pasternacki, T.; Titz, R. [Institut fuer Planetenforschung, Deutsches Zentrum fuer Luft- und Raumfahrt, 12489 Berlin (Germany); Murphy, M. G. [Depto. Fisica, Universidad Catolica del Norte, P.O. Box 1280, Antofagasta (Chile); Chini, R.; Lemke, R. [Astronomisches Institut, Ruhr-Universitaet Bochum, 44780 Bochum (Germany)], E-mail: petr.kabath@dlr.de

2009-04-15

144

[Short assessment of subjective quality of life. Application and results of a short form of the Berliner Lebensqualitätprofil (BELP-KF)].  

PubMed

The concurrent validity between the Berliner Lebensqualitätsprofil (BELP) and a new developed short form (BELP-KF) was tested in a sample of schizophrenia outpatients (N = 36) and turned out to be very high. The restriction to subjective quality of life questions did not lead to a greater halo-effect in the sense of an increasing similarity of single item values. Correlations with psychopathological symptoms were almost identical for both interview-versions. The same is true concerning the factorial structure of the satisfaction items which was nearly congruent. Two optional items on satisfaction with sexual life and with psychopharmacological treatment, which had been included into the short interview version, were attributable to an underlying general satisfaction dimension. Among 14 variables satisfaction with psychopharmacological treatment had the second highest factor-loading on the resulting general satisfaction factor. PMID:10548998

Kaiser, W; Isermann, M; Hoffmann, K; Huxley, P; Priebe, S

1999-09-01

145

Fate of para-toluenesulfonamide (p-TSA) in groundwater under anoxic conditions: modelling results from a field site in Berlin (Germany).  

PubMed

This article reports on a field modelling study to investigate the processes controlling the plume evolution of para-toluenesulfonamide (p-TSA) in anoxic groundwater in Berlin, Germany. The organic contaminant p-TSA originates from the industrial production process of plasticisers, pesticides, antiseptics and drugs and is of general environmental concern for urban water management. Previous laboratory studies revealed that p-TSA is degradable under oxic conditions, whereas it appears to behave conservatively in the absence of oxygen (O2). p-TSA is ubiquitous in the aquatic environment of Berlin and present in high concentrations (up to 38 ?g L(-1)) in an anoxic aquifer downgradient of a former sewage farm, where groundwater is partly used for drinking water production. To obtain refined knowledge of p-TSA transport and degradation in an aquifer at field scale, measurements of p-TSA were carried out at 11 locations (at different depths) between 2005 and 2010. Comparison of chloride (Cl(-)) and p-TSA field data showed that p-TSA has been retarded in the same manner as Cl(-). To verify the transport behaviour under field conditions, a two-dimensional transport model was setup, applying the dual-domain mass transfer approach in the model sector corresponding to an area of high aquifer heterogeneity. The distribution of Cl(-) and p-TSA concentrations from the site was reproduced well, confirming that both compounds behave conservatively and are subjected to retardation due to back diffusion from water stagnant zones. Predictive simulations showed that without any remediation measures, the groundwater quality near the drinking water well galleries will be affected by high p-TSA loads for about a hundred years. PMID:23812786

Meffe, Raffaella; Kohfahl, Claus; Hamann, Enrico; Greskowiak, Janek; Massmann, Gudrun; Dünnbier, Uwe; Pekdeger, Asaf

2014-01-01

146

Motor Activity of Different-Aged Cercopithecidae: Silvered-Leaf Monkey (Presbytis cristatus Esch.), Lion-Tailed Monkey (Macaca silenus L.), Moor Macaque (Macaca maura Cuv.) as Observed in the Zoological Garden, Berlin (West)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The activity of different-aged monkeys belonging to three species of Cercopithecidae was quantitatively analyzed in a 1 ½-year study. The species, silvered-leaf monkey (Presbytis cristatus Esch.), lion-tailed monkey (Macaca silenus L.) and moor macaque (Macaca maura Cuv.) were observed in the Zoological Garden, Berlin (West). The data of a combined cross-sectional analysis across all three species indicate that the course

B. Jänicke; D. Coper; U.-A. Jänicke

1986-01-01

147

Harmonization of description and classification of fetal observations: achievements and problems still unresolved: report of the 7th Workshop on the Terminology in Developmental Toxicology Berlin, 4-6 May 2011.  

PubMed

This article summarizes the 7th Workshop on the Terminology in Developmental Toxicology held in Berlin, May 4-6, 2011. The series of Berlin Workshops has been mainly concerned with the harmonization of terminology and classification of fetal anomalies in developmental toxicity studies. The main topics of the 7th Workshop were knowledge on the fate of anomalies after birth, use of Version 2 terminology for maternal-fetal observations and non-routinely used species, reclassification of "grey zone" anomalies and categorization of fetal observations for human health risk assessment. The paucity of data on health consequences of the postnatal permanence of fetal anomalies is relevant and further studies are needed. The Version 2 terminology is an important step forward and the terms listed in this glossary are considered also to be appropriate for most observations in non-routinely used species. Continuation of the Berlin Workshops was recommended. Topics suggested for the next Workshop were grouping of fetal observations for reporting and statistical analysis. PMID:22781580

Solecki, Roland; Barbellion, Stephane; Bergmann, Brigitte; Bürgin, Heinrich; Buschmann, Jochen; Clark, Ruth; Comotto, Laura; Fuchs, Antje; Faqi, Ali Said; Gerspach, Ralph; Grote, Konstanze; Hakansson, Helen; Heinrich, Verena; Heinrich-Hirsch, Barbara; Hofmann, Thomas; Hübel, Ulrich; Inazaki, Thelma Helena; Khalil, Samia; Knudsen, Thomas B; Kudicke, Sabine; Lingk, Wolfgang; Makris, Susan; Müller, Simone; Paumgartten, Francisco; Pfeil, Rudolf; Rama, Elkiane Macedo; Schneider, Steffen; Shiota, Kohei; Tamborini, Eva; Tegelenbosch, Mariska; Ulbrich, Beate; van Duijnhoven, E A J; Wise, David; Chahoud, Ibrahim

2013-01-01

148

Field evaluation of resistance of transgenic rice containing a synthetic cry1Ab gene from Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner to two stem borers.  

PubMed

Two transgenic rice (Oryza sativa L.) lines, KMD1 and KMD2 at the R4 generation, transformed with a synthetic cry1Ab gene from Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner, were first evaluated for stem borer resistance in the field during the rice growing season of 1998 in two areas of Zhejiang Province, China. Both KMD1 and KMD2 were highly resistant to the stem borers Chilo suppressalis (Walker) and Scirpophaga incertulas (Walker), and were completely undamaged during the whole rice growing season. In contrast, damage to the plants of the untransformed parental control (Xiushui 11) was in the form of deadhearts or whiteheads. Under natural infestation by the C. suppressalis, the damage to control plants reached a peak of 88.7% of plants and 20.1% of tillers encountered with deadhearts. Under artificial and natural infestation of neonate striped stem borers at the vegetative stage and booting stage, 100% of plants and 25.6% of tillers, 78.9% of plants and 15.6% of productive tillers among artificially infested control plants were observed with the symptom of deadhearts and whiteheads, respectively. Damage to the control plants from artificial infestation by the S. incertulas reached a peak of 97.0% of plants and 22.9% of tillers damaged. The field research indicated that both KMD1 and KMD2 show great potential for protecting rice from attack by these two stem borers. PMID:11233125

Ye, G Y; Shu, Q Y; Yao, H W; Cui, H R; Cheng, X Y; Hu, C; Xia, Y W; Gao, M W; Altosaar, I

2001-02-01

149

The beauty and the beast: reflections about the socio-historical and subcultural context of drag queens and "Tunten" in Berlin.  

PubMed

In this article, I focus on two different faces found in Berlin's gay subculture: the Tunten and the drag queens. Both are commonly seen as "male homosexual transvestites," although many such individuals today prefer to identify themselves somewhere within a diverse transgender spectrum rather than as transvestites. Tunten and drag queens differ in their gender performativity, their self-image and their chosen role models as well as in the niches in which they have been able to establish themselves in German mainstream society. Based on ethnographic data, I argue against the widespread reductionist view that the differences between Tunten and drag queens lie primarily in style, behavior, talent and success. Nor can these differences be easily explained away as a result of subculture globalization. Instead, I show that there is a simultaneous coexistence of both a subculturally established, "traditional" local transgender culture and a more recently adopted and partly imported, new local transgender culture. The coexistence of these two urban transgender cultures also indicates the paradigm shift in German gay and youth cultures of the last decades. Thus, I will emphasize the importance of the socio-historical and subcultural processes in studying transgender cultures in Western societies. PMID:15132483

Balzer, Carsten

2004-01-01

150

Characterization of the extent of Mercury Contamination in the Androscoggin River from a former Chlor-alkali Facility, Berlin, New Hampshire  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

From the late 1800s to the 1960s a chlor-alkali plant was used to produce chlorine gas for the papermaking industry in Berlin, New Hampshire. During operation of the chlor-alkali facility, elemental mercury (Hg) was released to the environment, contaminating soils and the underlying fractured rock. Investigations have revealed that elemental Hg continues to seep through bedrock fractures into the adjacent Androscoggin River. This study evaluates the extent and transformation of Hg contamination in the Androscoggin River by comparing a reference site 17 kilometers above the former chlor-alkali facility to 5 sites ranging from 1 to 16 km downstream from the facility. Total and methyl Hg (THg and MeHg, respectively), among other analytes, were characterized in surface water, pore water, sediment and biological tissue samples at each site. Bed sediment was also assessed for bio-available (tin-reducible) inorganic Hg (II) and microbial MeHg production potential rates. Acid extractable ferrous iron, crystalline and amorphous (poorly crystalline) ferric iron, total reduced sulfur, particle size, and organic content in bed sediment was analyzed to help explain spatial differences in MeHg production rates and bio-available Hg (II) among sites. The information provided by this study will help evaluate the extent of Hg contamination in the Androscoggin River, will improve our understanding of the controls on MeHg production in the Androscoggin River system, and will be used by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to support remediation of the chlor-alkali facility site.

Chalmers, A.; Marvin-Dipasquale, M. C.; Rosiu, C.; Luce, D.; Coles, J.; Zimmerman, M.; Smith, T.

2010-12-01

151

Using the variations in chemical composition of a geothermal aquifer to estimate changes in water storage: the Berlin Geothermal Field, El Salvador  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The exploitation of the Berlin Geothermal Field started in February1992 with a 5 MW unit. In December 1999, exploitation at a large scale started with the operation of two turbogenerating condensation units of 28 MW each. Since the beginning of exploitation to today, all the waste waters generated during the generation of electricity have been reinjected back to the reservoir. Good records of the mass extracted and mass reinjected to the different wells, as well as the results of frequent chemical analysis of the extracted and reinjected waters and gases have been kept. The exploited area measures around 4.4 E6 m2. The thickness of the reservoir is around 200 m and the porosity around 0.1 (Castro et al., 2006). Using this information, the volume of the reservoir in the vicinity of the production wells is around 8.8 E8 m3 and the initial mass of water is around 8.061 E10 kg. The concentrations of the different solutes for the waters extracted and reinjected throughout time were used to generate best fitting equations that describe the average variation of concentration with time. These equations were used to calculate the expected concentration of the solutes at each production or reinjection well each day. Multiplication of the volume of water produced or reinjected times the expected concentration produces the expected mass of solute extracted or reinjected each day. The volume of water within the reservoir seems to have decreased with time, as it is evident from the increase in concentrations of ions in the extracted waters. Only SiO2 and alkalinity show a decreasing trend. For the period of time July 1, 2004 to June 30, 2005 a change in storage of -3.44 E6 m3, or -3.46 E9 kg of water (using density equal to 1004.6 kg/m3) has been found using the chloride concentration. The calculated change in storage for the reservoir using the chloride concentrations can be compared with the difference between the water extracted and the water reinjected to the reservoir. The difference between the water extracted for production of electrical energy and the hot water reinjected into the reservoir is 3.77 E9 kg/y. These results suggest that the effect of the exploitation is to decrease the mass of water stored in the reservoir.

Lopez, D. L.; Sullivan, M. P.; Matus, A.

2008-05-01

152

Seasonal influenza risk in hospital healthcare workers is more strongly associated with household than occupational exposures: results from a prospective cohort study in Berlin, Germany, 2006/07  

PubMed Central

Background Influenza immunisation for healthcare workers is encouraged to protect their often vulnerable patients but also due to a perceived higher risk for influenza. We aimed to compare the risk of influenza infection in healthcare workers in acute hospital care with that in non-healthcare workers over the same season. Methods We conducted a prospective, multicentre cohort study during the 2006/07 influenza season in Berlin, Germany. Recruited participants gave serum samples before and after the season, and completed questionnaires to determine their relevant exposures and possible confounding factors. The main outcome measure was serologically confirmed influenza infection (SCII), defined as a fourfold or greater rise in haemagglutination inhibition antibody titres to a circulating strain of influenza (with post-season titre at least 1:40). Weekly mobile phone text messages were used to prompt participants to report respiratory illnesses during the influenza season. A logistic regression model was used to assess the influence of potential risk factors. Results We recruited 250 hospital healthcare workers (mean age 35.7 years) and 486 non-healthcare workers (mean age 39.2 years) from administrative centres, blood donors and colleges. Overall SCII attack rate was 10.6%. Being a healthcare worker was not a risk factor for SCII (relative risk 1.1, p = 0.70). The final multivariate model had three significant factors: living with children (odds ratio [OR] 3.7, p = 0.005), immunization (OR 0.50, p = 0.02), and - among persons living in households without children - ownership of a car (OR 3.0, p = 0.02). Living with three or more children (OR 13.8, p < 0.01) was a greater risk than living with one or two children (OR 5.3, p = 0.02). 30% of participants with SCII reported no respiratory illness. Healthcare workers were at slightly higher risk of reporting any respiratory infection than controls (adjusted OR 1.3, p = 0.04, n = 850). Conclusions Our results suggest that healthcare workers in hospitals do not have a higher risk of influenza than non-healthcare workers, although their risk of any respiratory infection is slightly raised. Household contacts seem to be more important than exposure to patients. Car ownership is a surprise finding which needs further exploration. Asymptomatic infections are common, accounting for around a third of serologically confirmed infections.

2010-01-01

153

[Polar neutral organic compounds (POCN) in city aerosols. 2. Measuring of emissions from domestic fuel and vehicle exhaust and from immission particles in Berlin (West)].  

PubMed

During April and May 1985, some emission samples from private coal firing (domestic fuel) were taken and were fired with two different kind of coal (bituminous and brown coal). Also, measurements were done under different combustion conditions (low and high concentrations of oxygenium during the combustion process). In June and November 1985, some emission samples from heavy diesel-engines were taken in a special tunnel equipment, at different engine conditions. During September 1985, also suspended particulates in a highway traffic tunnel were taken. All these samples were taken using high volume cascade impactors which give a fractionation of the suspended particulates into different particle sizes, according to their retention behaviour in the human respiratory system. The results of these emission samples and samples in the highway tunnel were compared with prior immission measurements of urban suspended particulates in Berlin-West, during January 1984. The etherextractable organic matter (= EEOM) of the total suspended particulate matter (= TPM) was determined using ultrasonic extraction method. The EEOM was separated into an acidic (= AF), a basic (= BF) and a neutral fraction (= NF) by dissolution in acidic and basic agents. Of the neutral fraction (NF), further separation was done into aliphatic compounds (= AIP), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (= PAH) and polar neutral organic compounds (POCN) by using thin layer chromatography. From the PAH and POCN, single compounds were identified by gas chromatographic analysis with dual capillary collumns and internal standard method. All organic fractions were tested to their mutagenic activity in the Salmonella typhimurium mammalian microsome bioassay by Ames. The following results were gained: the neutral fraction (NF) made the highest part of the EEOM (greater than or equal to 60%) whereas the part of the AF amounted to 10-25% and of the basic fraction (BF) to approximatively 5-20%. Making further separation of the NF, some differences between the emission sources were gained. Now, the AIP amounted to a percentage of ca. 15% of the NF for coal firing emissions and to ca. 20-40% for diesel-emissions and samples in the highway tunnel. The percentages of the PAH and POCN varied in dependence of the combustion conditions on both emission sources and amounted to 20-50% for the PAH and 30-50% for the POCN. The gas chromatographic analysis showed also differences between the two emission sources. So, for coal firing emissions, higher concentrations for phenanthrene, benzo(a)-pyrene and dibenz(a.h)anthracene (for PAH) and 9-fluorenone (for POCN) were gained.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) PMID:2448974

Moriske, H J; Freise, R; Schneider, C; Rüden, H

1987-10-01

154

Lessons from a one-year hospital-based surveillance of acute respiratory infections in Berlin- comparing case definitions to monitor influenza  

PubMed Central

Background Surveillance of severe acute respiratory infections (SARI) in sentinel hospitals is recommended to estimate the burden of severe influenza-cases. Therefore, we monitored patients admitted with respiratory infections (RI) in 9 Berlin hospitals from 7.12.2009 to 12.12.2010 according to different case definitions (CD) and determined the proportion of cases with influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 (pH1N1). We compared the sensitivity and specificity of CD for capturing pandemic pH1N1 cases. Methods We established an RI-surveillance restricted to adults aged ? 65 years within the framework of a pH1N1 vaccine effectiveness study, which required active identification of RI-cases. The hospital information-system was screened daily for newly admitted RI-patients. Nasopharyngeal swabs from consenting patients were tested by PCR for influenza-virus subtypes. Four clinical CD were compared in terms of capturing pH1N1-positives among hospitalized RI-patients by applying sensitivity and specificity analyses. The broadest case definition (CD1) was used for inclusion of RI-cases; the narrowest case definition (CD4) was identical to the SARI case definition recommended by ECDC/WHO. Results Over the study period, we identified 1,025 RI-cases, of which 283 (28%) met the ECDC/WHO SARI case definition. The percentage of SARI-cases among internal medicine admissions decreased from 3.2% (calendar-week 50-2009) to 0.2% (week 25-2010). Of 354 patients tested by PCR, 20 (6%) were pH1N1-positive. Two case definitions narrower than CD1 but -in contrast to SARI- not requiring shortness of breath yielded the largest areas under the Receiver-Operator-Curve. Heterogeneity of proportions of patients admitted with RI between hospitals was significant. Conclusions Comprehensive surveillance of RI cases was feasible in a network of community hospitals. In most settings, several hospitals should be included to ensure representativeness. Although misclassification resulting from failure to obtain symptoms in the hospital information-system cannot be ruled out, a high proportion of hospitalized PCR-positive pH1N1-patients (45%) did not fulfil the SARI case-definition that included shortness of breath or difficulty breathing. Thus, to assess influenza-related disease burden in hospitals, broader, alternative case definitions should be considered.

2012-01-01

155

The Berlin Exoplanet Search Telescope  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Several authors have suggested that nonlinear internal waves (solitary waves) can transport plankton over considerable distances. In this talk we present a preliminary analysis of the data collected during a 10-day long experiment in Massachusetts Bay that was specifically designed to test this hipothesys. We sampled over 15 trains of solitary waves, collecting current data with the shipboard ADCP while at the same time sampling the concentration and taxonomic distribution of plankton in the water column by means of a towed Video Plankton Recorder, which also collected hydro- graphic data. In the analisys, we compare the current data with the data from the towed instrument to test wether the waves act as concentrator. We have also devel- oped a model to asses the effect of particular behavioral responses with regard to the ability to surf the waves.

Rauer, H.; Erikson, A.; Voss, H.; Hatzes, A.; Eisloeffel, J.

156

The Berlin Exoplanet Search Telescope  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several authors have suggested that nonlinear internal waves (solitary waves) can transport plankton over considerable distances. In this talk we present a preliminary analysis of the data collected during a 10-day long experiment in Massachusetts Bay that was specifically designed to test this hipothesys. We sampled over 15 trains of solitary waves, collecting current data with the shipboard ADCP while

H. Rauer; A. Erikson; H. Voss; A. Hatzes; J. Eisloeffel

2002-01-01

157

Drug utilization in Europe--report of the EURO-DURG workshop and joint symposium with the EACPT Berlin 16.9-18.9 1997. European Drug Utilization Research Group. European Association for Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics.  

PubMed

Around 1,000 participants from all European countries, but also from overseas, visited the Second International Congress of the European Association for Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics (EACPT) in Berlin. The EACPT appreciates the cooperation with other scientific organizations. Five out of 19 symposia offered could be presented jointly with other European societies. One of the symposia took place in conjunction with the European Drug Utilization Research Group (EURO-DURG). The main topic of this joint symposium, led by Professor Ulf Bergman (Huddinge, Sweden) and Dr. Liselotte von Ferber (Cologne, Germany), was the use of drugs and its determinants "in real life" compared to its use under conditions of clinical research. The poster exhibition of this symposium included 80 posters. Attended by 110 participants from 25 countries, the EURO-DURG workshop took place at the very beginning of the joint symposium. PMID:9562235

Schubert, I

1998-03-01

158

Professor Volker Claus: vom o. Professor zum e-Professor  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Der Beitrag würdigt das Wirken von Professor Claus auf Gebieten des rechnerunterstützten Lehrens. Dabei wird ein Bogen von den frühen Systemen des rechnerunterstützten Lehrens über moderne Lernplattformen im Internet zu neuen Anwendungen web-basierter Systeme für das lebenslange Lehren und Lernen gespannt.

Gunzenhäuser, Rul; Taras, Christiane; Wörner, Michael

159

Sowohl-als-auch: Die Bundestagswahl vom 18. September 2005  

Microsoft Academic Search

Zum dritten Mal in der Geschichte der Bundesrepublik kam es am 18. September 2005 zu vorgezogenen Neuwahlen: Nach einer gescheiterten\\u000a Vertrauensabstimmung im Parlament, die verfassungsrechtlich ähnlich umstritten war wie jene im Jahr 1982 von Helmut Kohl.\\u000a Der damalige Bundeskanzler Gerhard Schröder leitete diesen Vorgang ein, nachdem sich für die SPD die Reihe der verlorenen\\u000a Landtagswahlen auch in Nordrhein-Westfalen im Mai

160

Neues vom Asiatischen Laubholzbockkäfer Anoplophora glabripennis (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae) in Bayern  

Microsoft Academic Search

Latest news from the Asian Longhorned Beetle Anoplophora glabripennis (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae) in Bavaria. Since the introduction of Anoplophora glabripennis (M otschulsky , 1853) to Neukirchen\\/Inn, a small village in the rural district Passau, in 2004, considerable efforts were made to eradicate this quarantine pest in Bavaria. This longicorn species mainly infested deciduous trees of urban areas in Neukirchen\\/Inn. The centre

Ullrich Benker; Carolin Bögel

161

Vom Internet der Computer zum Internet der Dinge  

Microsoft Academic Search

Zusammenfassung  Der Beitrag diskutiert die Vision, die informationstechnischen Grundlagen und Herausforderungen sowie die Anwendungsmöglichkeiten\\u000a eines ,,Internet der Dinge“. Ferner wird auf informatikbezogene Aspekte wie RFID und die Realisierung von IP-Stacks und Webservern\\u000a für smarte Alltagsgegenstände eingegangen. In einem Ausblick werden auch einige gesellschaftliche und politische Fragen angesprochen,\\u000a die mit einem Internet der Dinge auf uns zukommen.

Friedemann Mattern; C. Floerkemeier

2010-01-01

162

Katheterinterventioneller Verschluß des Vorhofseptumdefektes vom Sekundumtyp - Erfahrungen mit \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Between July 1996 and July 1998, 34 patients (female n = 16, male n = 18) were scheduled for catheter - interventional occlusion (ASDO) of an atrium septum defect of secundum type (ASD II). Median age was 7.9 years (2.5-54.6), weight 23.1 kg (9-97). 9 defects were closed with \\

A. Eicken; M. Witsenburg; W. Sebening; A. C. Cromme-Dijkhuis; M. Vogt; R. Henze; J. Hess

1999-01-01

163

Kontrolle des crossing over vom temperatur-bedingten Allozykliegrad und vom ?-Heterochromatin des X-Chromosoms bei Phryne cincta  

Microsoft Academic Search

1.In populations of the dipteran Phryne cincta (2n = 6+XX?, XY?) several X-chromosomes of different structure are present. These are allocyclic in contrast to the (eucyclic) autosomes, as seen in their behaviour in mitosis and meiosis and in their varied appearance in polytene nuclei (comp. Wolf 1950, 1957).2.The polytene autosomes (2–4 s. Pig. 7) differ from each other in easily

B. Erich Wolf

1963-01-01

164

Polycyclic musk fragrances in different environmental compartments in Berlin (Germany)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to obtain data about the contamination of different environmental compartments (102 surface water samples, 59 sediment samples and 165 eel samples) by polycyclic musks (HHCB, AHTN, ADBI, AHMI, and ATII) within the framework of an exposure monitoring program.Results for HHCB (Galaxolide®) gave the following mean values in areas strongly polluted with sewage: surface water

Hermann Fromme; Thomas Otto; Konstanze Pilz

2001-01-01

165

Trends and outcomes in heart transplantation: the Berlin experience.  

PubMed

Heart transplantation is an established procedure with acceptable, predictable long-term results and good quality of life for more than 20 years. However, it is only available for a limited number of patients. The fate of the patients is determined by the side effects of immunosuppressive drugs, increased tumor incidence and chronic vascular transplant disease. Patients living 10 to 20 years after heart transplantation show physical status equal to that of patients with various chronic illnesses. They suffer from chronic side effects of long-term medication and mainly report fears of renal insufficiency followed by osteoporosis-associated pain, cortisone-induced myopathy and risk for tumors. Only moderate psychological impairment is reported despite somatic problems. In the period 10-20 years post-heart transplantation, there is even a surprising increase in emotional well-being. The 20-year survivors are active and satisfied with daily life. They experience their own life as meaningful and have good partner, family and social relations. Heart transplantation, the most ambitious project in medicine in the 20th century has been made a reality. Its development has the strongest impact on cardiac surgery, immunology, pharmacology, medical logistics, defining life and death, ethics in medicine, acceptance of medical progress by the public and by health care systems. It has  provided a strong  solidarity among politicians, sociologists, physicians and citizens. Ethical concerns will last and will make heart transplantation an important, yet temporary episode in human medicine. It has stimulated research and development of mechanical circulatory support systems as an alternative to treat end-stage heart failure. PMID:23888228

Hetzer, R; Delmo Walter, E M

2013-01-01

166

Intraoperative radiofrequency maze ablation for atrial fibrillation: the Berlin modification  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. The Cox-maze procedure combined with an operation for organic heart disease is highly successful in the elimination of chronic atrial fibrillation. However, it prolongs significantly the aortic cross-clamp and operating time. In this study, a simplified left atrial maze procedure, which is a short procedure performed using a surgical radiofrequency ablation probe, is added to elective open heart procedures

Miralem Pasic; Peter Bergs; Peter Müller; Michael Hofmann; Onnen Grauhan; Hermann Kuppe; Roland Hetzer

2001-01-01

167

The Berlin oil channel for drag reduction research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For drag reduction research an oil channel has been designed and built. It is also well suited for investigations on turbulent flow and in particular on the dynamics of the viscous sublayer near the wall. The thickness of the viscous sublayer ( y += 5) can be varied between 1 and 4 mm. Surfaces with longitudinal ribs (“riblets”), which are known to reduce drag, can have fairly large dimensions. The lateral spacing of the ribs can lie between 3 and 10 mm, as compared to about 0.5 mm spacing for conventional wind tunnels. It has been proved by appropriate tests that the oil channel data are completely equivalent to data from other facilities and with other mean flow geometries. However, the shear stress data from the new oil channel are much more accurate than previous data due to a novel differential shear force balance with an accuracy of ±0.2%. In addition to shear stress measurements, velocity fluctuation measurements can be carried out with hot wire or hot film probes. In order to calibrate these probes, a moving sled permits to emulate the flow velocities with the fluid in the channel at rest. A number of additional innovations contribute to the improvement of the measurements, such as, e.g., (i) novel adjustable turbulators to maintain equilibrium turbulence in the channel, (ii) a “bubble trap” to avoid bubbles in the channel at high flow velocities, (iii) a simple method for the precision calibration of manometers, and (iv) the elimination of (Coulomb) friction in ball bearings. This latter fairly general invention is used for the wheels of the calibration unit of the balance. The channel has a cross section of 25 × 85 cm and is 11 m long. It is filled with about 4.5 metric tons of baby oil (white paraffine oil), which is transparent and odorless like water. The kinematic viscosity of the oil is v = 1.2×10-5 m2/s, and the highest (average) velocity is 1.29 m/s. Thus, the Reynolds number range (calculated with the channel width, 0.25 m) lies between 5,000 and 26,800 for fully established turbulent flow.

Bechert, D. W.; Hoppe, G.; van der Hoeven, J. G. Th.; Makris, R.

1992-03-01

168

ISL-Berlin. Das Ionen-Strahl-Labor am HMI. (ISL-Berlin. The ion beam laboratory at HMI).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A new frequency variable linear accelerator injector was installed. It accelerates charged ions of a ion source from 90 up to 360 keV/m. The new installation permits to obtain high intencity currents needed in solid state physics. The important scientific...

H. H. Bertschat J. Biersack D. Fink H. Homeyer S. Klaumuenzer

1993-01-01

169

Development and Present Condition of Sewage Treatment and Utilization in Berlin (Entwicklung und Heutiger Stand der Berliner Abwasserreinigung und Verwertung).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

By mid-Nineteenth Century, though pure water facilities had already been established, the ever-increasing accumulation of sewage, together with a lack of hygiene and high mortality rate caused by typhus and other infectious diseases necessitated the creat...

K. Weiland

1977-01-01

170

[Urologists meet in Berlin. Martin Stolze (1900-1989) and the urologist convention in 1959 in East and West Berlin].  

PubMed

Scientific meetings are a major part of policy in science and within the scientific community and furthermore they have a major influence on medical and lay communities. Prominent examples for this are the presidential networks and the opening speeches in which the function of science within the society is presented in a special manner. The last joint meeting of the German Society for Urology (DGU) in East and West Germany was instrumentalized by the rivalry of the two systems during the Cold War but was also a brilliant presentation of the newly established German Urology after World War II and its scientific force. PMID:24026062

Moll, F H; Halling, T; Fangerau, H

2013-09-01

171

Imagineering the astronomical revolution - Essay review  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Concerning following Books: (I) Transmitting knowledge - words, images, and instruments in early modern Europe. Kusukawa and Maclean (eds.), OUP, Oxford, 2006; (II) Widmung, Welterklärung und Wissenschaftslegitimierung: Titelbilder und ihre Funktionen in der wissenschaftlichen Revolution. Remmert, Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden, 2005; (III) The power of images in early modern science. Lefevre, Renn and Schoepflin (eds.), Birkhäuser, Basel, 2003; (IV) Immagini per conoscere - dal Rinascimento alla rivoluzione scientifica. Meroi and Pogliano (eds.), Olschki, Florenz, 2001; (V) Erkenntnis Erfindung Konstruktion - Studien zur Bildgeschichte von Naturwissenschaften und Technik vom 16. bis zum 19. Jahrhundert. Holländer (ed.), Mann, Berlin, 2000.

Jardine, Nicholas.

2006-11-01

172

Vom Herbstzug des Steinschmätzers ( Oenanthe oenanthe L.) auf Wangerooge und Langeoog  

Microsoft Academic Search

Zusammenfassung 1\\/2.Auf den ostfriesischen Inseln Wangerooge und Langeoog verfolgten wir während der Herbstperioden 1951–54 den Durchzug der Steinschmätzer. Von 3400 beobachteten Tieren fingen und untersuchten wir 547.3.Der gesamte Durchzug erstreckt sich über etwa 12 Wochen. Die Hauptmasse der Schmätzer aber passierte alljährlich an 4 bis 5 einzelnen Tagen unsere Kontrollgebiete.4.Zu zielstrebigen Tageswanderungen hielten sich die Vögel in lockeren Gemeinschaften an

Eberhard Hantge; Klaus Schmidt-Koenig

1958-01-01

173

Vom Konsum der Klasse zur Vielfalt der Stile: Haushaltsbudgetierung seit der ersten Hälfte des 20. Jahrhunderts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Private consumption has been considered in the past decades usually following the question 'How is consumption affected by income?'. In this review essay a different approach is followed. The main interest is to establish the influence of social class on consumption. A data base was created especially to this purpose. It comprises about 5,000 private household budgets originating from separately

Armin Triebel

174

Das Studium: Vom Start zum Ziel: Lei(d)tfaden für Studierende  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Wer studieren will, hat viele Fragen und muss viele Entscheidungen treffen. Dieser Leitfaden hilft, eine Wahl zutreffen, sich an der Hochschule zurecht zu finden und Hürden rechtzeitig zu erkennen und zu bewältigen. Es geht um Fragen wie: Wer unterstützt mich finanziell? Studentenwohnheim oder WG? Was bringt eine Vorlesung? Wie komme ich an eine Abschlussarbeit - und wie schreibe ich sie? Weitere Themen sind: Struktur der Hochschule, Lebensabschnitt Studium, Motivation beim Lernen, Zeitmanagement im Studium, Recherchieren und Lesen, Verstehen und Entwickeln, Mathematik im Studium, Vorträge halten und Prüfungen bestehen.

Messing, Barbara

175

Problemlösungszyklen im Rahmen von Lean Six Sigma: Vom Standard-DMAIC zum Blitz-DMAIC  

Microsoft Academic Search

In diesem Beitrag wird ein Überblick über die wesentlichen Problemlösungszyklen gegeben, welche im Rahmen von Lean Six Sigma\\u000a zum Einsatz kommen. Nach einer kurzen Vorstellung des PDCA-Zyklus, welcher als grundlegender Problemlösungszyklus im Qualitätsmanagement(QM)-Bereich\\u000a angesehen wird, folgt im Weiteren eine Darstellung des DMAIC-Zyklus. Dieser hat sich in vielen Six Sigma-Unternehmen bei der\\u000a Verbesserung von Prozessen bewährt und gilt heute als \\

Swen Günther; Bernd Garzinsky

176

Saure Mucopolysaccharide und Glykoproteine der menschlichen Cornea in Abhängigkeit vom Lebensalter und bei Keratoconus  

Microsoft Academic Search

Untersuchung zur Isolierung und chemischen Identifizierung der Polysaccharide in der Hornhaut des menschlichen Auges hatten folgendes Ergebnis:1.Die Cornea des Menschen enthält sMPS und Glykoproteine. Die sMPS, die je nach Lebensalter 1,6–1,9% des Gewebs-Trockengewichtes ausmachen, bestehen zu 45–50% aus Keratansulfat, 10–15% aus Chondroitin 6-sulfat und 30–40% aus Chondroitin-Fraktionen mit variablem Sulfatgehalt. Die nach Gewebsproteolyse gewonnenen Glykoproteine enthalten 13–18% Hexosamin, 10–12% Neutralzucker

E. Buddecke; J. Wollensak

1966-01-01

177

Plage des bösen oder kleinod der schöpfung: vom netz zur spinne zwischen dem meissner und trakl  

Microsoft Academic Search

For centuries spiders and cobwebs have formed programmatic iconographic images which often change their meaning in the course of literary epochs and thus help to uncover the aspects of epoch changes. Even though the spider belongs to the rarer animal symbols in German litrature, the rare incidence of this image between the Middle Ages and modernism gains in significance when

Holger Eckhardt

1997-01-01

178

From gridmap-file to VOMS: managing authorization in a Grid environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Grids are potentially composed of several thousands of users from dif- ferent institutions sharing their computing resources (or using resources provided by third parties). Controlling access to these resources is a di-- cult problem, as it depends on the policies of the organizations the users belong to and of the resource owners. Moreover, a simple authorization implementation, based on a

Roberto Alfieri; Roberto Cecchini; Vincenzo Ciaschini; Luca Dell'agnello; Ákos Frohner; Károly Lörentey; Fabio Spataro

2005-01-01

179

Zur Frage der isomorphen Vertretbarkeit nichtpolar gebundener Atomgruppen vom Typus —X?X?—  

Microsoft Academic Search

Zusammenfassung Die isomorphe Vertretbarkeit der Gruppen —CH2—CH2—, —CH=CH—, —C=C—, —N=N—, —N=CH—, —NH—CH2— und —NH—NH— wurde an den Zweistoffsystemen der Stoffe Dibenzyl, Stilben, Tolan, Benzalanilin, Benzylanilin und Hydrazobenzol mikrothermoanalytisch geprüft und dabei eine Reihe von Unrichtigkeiten und Unvollständigkeiten gegenüber den Angaben des Schrifttums gefunden. Während nach dem Schrifttum in allen in Frage kommenden Zweistoffsystemen isomorphe Mischbarkeit (teils lückenlos, teils beschränkt) vorhanden

Maria Brandstätter

1947-01-01

180

Vom Padagogischen Wert Des Altasachsischen (The Pedagogical Value of Old Saxon).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussed in this article is the question of teaching Old Saxon in German departments. Usually, Old High German, Middle High German, and Gothic are taught in German departments where philology is included. Only in the large universities and colleges will one find a course in Old Saxon and Old Norsk. Greater emphasis on teaching Old Saxon is…

Groenke, Ulrich A.

1967-01-01

181

Zur Reagibilität des Renin-Angiotensin-Systems bei kardialer Hydropsie: Hinweise auf eine vom Gesamtnatriumbestand abhängige Regulation der Reninfreisetzung  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary In 21 patients with congestive heart failure and 8 normal controls plasma renin activity (PRA), angiotensin II (A II), sodium and potassium concentrations in plasma and renal Na+, K+, and water excretion were measured before and 2, 4, and 6 hours after an intravenous injection of Furosemide (0.3 mg\\/kg). PRA was determined biologically, A II by radioimmunoassay. The control

D. K. Krause; E. Rosskamp; K. A. Meurer; W. Kaufmann

1972-01-01

182

The clinical and radiological spectrum of posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome: the retrospective Berlin PRES study.  

PubMed

The aim of the study was to characterize the clinical and radiological spectrum of posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) in a large cohort. The radiological report data bases of the authors' university hospitals were searched for patients with PRES. Various imaging features at onset of symptoms and on follow-up as well as clinical and paraclinical data were tabulated in those patients fulfilling the criteria for PRES. Exploratory univariate analyses were performed. A total of 96 patients with PRES were included into the study. Wide differences in lesion location, diffusivity, distribution pattern, edema severity, hemorrhage, underlying diseases, symptoms, mean arterial pressure (MAP) and coagulation status were encountered. Hemorrhage occurred significantly more frequently in patients with altered coagulation state and was significantly associated with higher edema grades and with the presence of cytotoxic edema. There was a significant difference in MAP between toxic associations with higher MAP in infection, eclampsy and autoimmune disorders, while lower MAP was found in chemotherapy and immunsupression. In 82% of patients complete or near complete resolution of edema was noted during follow-up. Higher MAP levels were associated with incomplete edema resolution. In 43% of patients residual lesions were seen with a relatively even distribution between focal gliosis, infarction, posthemorrhagic residua, atrophy and laminar necrosis. PRES in this large hospital-based retrospective study comprises a wide radiological and clinical spectrum. Residual lesions were encountered more frequently than commonly expected. Our results point towards a differential contribution of high blood pressure to the course of PRES in different underlying etiologies. PMID:21717193

Liman, T G; Bohner, G; Heuschmann, P U; Endres, M; Siebert, E

2012-01-01

183

Creating and refining boundaries--church splitting among Pentecostal Vietnamese migrants in Berlin.  

PubMed

In many parts of the world, Pentecostalism is becoming the fastest growing religious movement. As a result of migration, people from Asia, Africa and Latin America carry religious ideas and practices across borders, in other cases, migrants establish religious networks in the diaspora. However, while embracing newcomers from various backgrounds, Pentecostal believers constantly cross cultural boundaries by incorporating people from different ethnic, national and language backgrounds. While Pentecostal charismatic practitioners blurr boundaries in many situations, simultaneously, they create 'bright boundaries' by rejecting 'traditional' religious practices, imagined as the Other of Pentecostalism and thus to be eliminated. By referring to the concept of boundaries (Barth 1969; Alba (Ethnic and Racial Studies 1:20-69, 2005)) this article argues that charismatic Pentecostal Christianity, alongside its embracing practices with regard to social, ethnic and political boundaries, generates religious boundaries: First, church members reject "traditional" religious practices such as ancestor veneration and spirit possession, practices migrants carry across borders. Second, Pentecostal believers create boundaries towards those who split from the church. By exploring the ambiguities of migrant converts, I will investigate, how some of them subvert and reject control and authority exerted by religious leaders. Therefore, this article, based on ethnographic fieldwork among Vietnamese Pentecostalists, contributes to widely underresearched practices of boundary making and church splitting in the diaspora. PMID:23264035

Hüwelmeier, Gertrud

2013-06-01

184

The Einstein Dossiers: Science and Politics - Einstein's Berlin Period with an Appendix on Einstein's FBI File  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 1919 the Prussian Ministry of Science, Arts and Culture opened a dossier on "Einstein's Theory of Relativity." It was rediscovered by the author in 1961 and is used in conjunction with numerous other subsequently identified 'Einstein' files as the basis of this fascinating book. In particular, the author carefully scrutinizes Einstein's FBI file from 1950-55 against mostly unpublished material from European including Soviet sources and presents hitherto unknown documentation on Einstein's alleged contacts with the German Communist Party and the Comintern.

Grundmann, Siegfried

185

Challenges in detecting HIV persistence during potentially curative interventions: a study of the Berlin patient.  

PubMed

There is intense interest in developing curative interventions for HIV. How such a cure will be quantified and defined is not known. We applied a series of measurements of HIV persistence to the study of an HIV-infected adult who has exhibited evidence of cure after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant from a homozygous CCR5?32 donor. Samples from blood, spinal fluid, lymph node, and gut were analyzed in multiple laboratories using different approaches. No HIV DNA or RNA was detected in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), spinal fluid, lymph node, or terminal ileum, and no replication-competent virus could be cultured from PBMCs. However, HIV RNA was detected in plasma (2 laboratories) and HIV DNA was detected in the rectum (1 laboratory) at levels considerably lower than those expected in ART-suppressed patients. It was not possible to obtain sequence data from plasma or gut, while an X4 sequence from PBMC did not match the pre-transplant sequence. HIV antibody levels were readily detectable but declined over time; T cell responses were largely absent. The occasional, low-level PCR signals raise the possibility that some HIV nucleic acid might persist, although they could also be false positives. Since HIV levels in well-treated individuals are near the limits of detection of current assays, more sensitive assays need to be developed and validated. The absence of recrudescent HIV replication and waning HIV-specific immune responses five years after withdrawal of treatment provide proof of a clinical cure. PMID:23671416

Yukl, Steven A; Boritz, Eli; Busch, Michael; Bentsen, Christopher; Chun, Tae-Wook; Douek, Daniel; Eisele, Evelyn; Haase, Ashley; Ho, Ya-Chi; Hütter, Gero; Justement, J Shawn; Keating, Sheila; Lee, Tzong-Hae; Li, Peilin; Murray, Danielle; Palmer, Sarah; Pilcher, Christopher; Pillai, Satish; Price, Richard W; Rothenberger, Meghan; Schacker, Timothy; Siliciano, Janet; Siliciano, Robert; Sinclair, Elizabeth; Strain, Matt; Wong, Joseph; Richman, Douglas; Deeks, Steven G

2013-01-01

186

Challenges in Detecting HIV Persistence during Potentially Curative Interventions: A Study of the Berlin Patient  

PubMed Central

There is intense interest in developing curative interventions for HIV. How such a cure will be quantified and defined is not known. We applied a series of measurements of HIV persistence to the study of an HIV-infected adult who has exhibited evidence of cure after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant from a homozygous CCR5?32 donor. Samples from blood, spinal fluid, lymph node, and gut were analyzed in multiple laboratories using different approaches. No HIV DNA or RNA was detected in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), spinal fluid, lymph node, or terminal ileum, and no replication-competent virus could be cultured from PBMCs. However, HIV RNA was detected in plasma (2 laboratories) and HIV DNA was detected in the rectum (1 laboratory) at levels considerably lower than those expected in ART-suppressed patients. It was not possible to obtain sequence data from plasma or gut, while an X4 sequence from PBMC did not match the pre-transplant sequence. HIV antibody levels were readily detectable but declined over time; T cell responses were largely absent. The occasional, low-level PCR signals raise the possibility that some HIV nucleic acid might persist, although they could also be false positives. Since HIV levels in well-treated individuals are near the limits of detection of current assays, more sensitive assays need to be developed and validated. The absence of recrudescent HIV replication and waning HIV-specific immune responses five years after withdrawal of treatment provide proof of a clinical cure.

Busch, Michael; Bentsen, Christopher; Chun, Tae-Wook; Douek, Daniel; Eisele, Evelyn; Haase, Ashley; Ho, Ya-Chi; Hutter, Gero; Justement, J. Shawn; Keating, Sheila; Lee, Tzong-Hae; Li, Peilin; Murray, Danielle; Palmer, Sarah; Pilcher, Christopher; Pillai, Satish; Price, Richard W.; Rothenberger, Meghan; Schacker, Timothy; Siliciano, Janet; Siliciano, Robert; Sinclair, Elizabeth; Strain, Matt; Wong, Joseph; Richman, Douglas; Deeks, Steven G.

2013-01-01

187

Clinical Experience in the Therapy of Bites from Exotic Snakes in Berlin  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since there are nearly no indigenous poisonous snakes in Germany, snake bites by poisonous snakes are rare. Most serious snake bites reported to poison information centres or treated at hospitals are caused by exotic snakes that are kept in private households. Only few types of antivenom are stored in emergency depots in Germany including polyvalent antivenoms from commercial sources. Since

C. Köppel; F. Martens

1992-01-01

188

Robotics Developments and Future Applications. Seminar Report (Berlin, West Germany, November 29, 1983).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection includes five papers assessing current and projected developments in the field of robotics and the implications of these developments for vocational-technical education. The first paper, "New Applications for Industrial Robots--Perspectives for the Next Five Years" (M. Illi) compares advances in robotics in Japan and the Federal…

Illi, M.; And Others

189

The Helsinki Rules, the UN Watercourses Convention and the Berlin Rules: Perspectives on International Water Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

Shared water resources remain the most important area without a universal treaty regulating the uses and protection of such resources. This is notwithstanding the extensive work of two scholarly non-governmental organizations, the Institute of International Law and the International Law Association, as well as the work of the International Law Commission of the United Nations. The work of those institutions

Salman M. A. Salman

2007-01-01

190

Berlin Brain-Computer Interface - The HCI communication channel for discovery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract The investigation,of innovative,Human–Computer,Interfaces (HCI) provides,a challenge,for future interaction,research,and development.,Brain–Computer,Interfaces (BCIs) exploit the ability of human communication and control bypassing,the classical neuromuscular communication channels. In general, BCIs offer a possibility of communication for people with severe neuromuscular disorders, such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) or complete paralysis of all extremities due to high spinal cord injury. Beyond medical applications, a

Roman Krepki; Gabriel Curio; Benjamin Blankertz; Klaus-robert Müller

2007-01-01

191

Cholinergic Synapse International Symposium Held in Berlin, Germany on 23-27 September 1990.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

From morphological and electrophysiological data, performed proteinaceous channels have been implicated in the release of neurotransmitters from their vesicular stores, synaptic vesicles. We have characterized different synaptic proteins which qualify as ...

1990-01-01

192

Structured parent education in the management of childhood atopic dermatitis: The Berlin model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Childhood atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common disease with the prevalence rates increasing. Its chronic course with frequent relapses puts a special burden on both children and their parents. To maximise positive long-term outcome in the management of AD it is important to support parents in dealing with the chronic condition of their child in addition to treating symptoms. In

Kerstin Wenninger; Rainer Kehrt; Ursula von Rüden; Christine Lehmann; Christiane Binder; Ulrich Wahn; Doris Staab

2000-01-01

193

MARVIN Technische Universit¤ at Berlin's Flying Robot for the IARC Millennial Event  

Microsoft Academic Search

MARVIN is an autonomously ying robot based on a model helicopter. It is designed for participation in the International Aerial Robotics Competition (IARC) Millennial Event 1998 ñ 2000. The competition task consists of a search operation in an unknown environment with possible threats such as res, water fountains, and smoke. The MARVIN system consists of the helicopter with an on-board

M. Musial; Brandenburg G. Hommel

194

Optical methods in atmospheric chemistry; Proceedings of the Meeting, Berlin, Germany, June 22-24, 1992  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Various papers on atmospheric chemistry are presented. Individual topics addressed include: molecular modulation spectroscopy studies involving peroxy radical reactions, spectroscopic studies of model polar stratospheric cloud films, rates of hydroxyl radical reactions with some HFCs, heterogeneous processes of nitrogen dioxide on liquid surfaces, temperature-dependence absorption cross sections for HNO3 and H2O5, tunable-diode-laser-based monitoring of atmospheric gases, compact tunable diode laser spectrometer for environmental monitoring, improved open-path multireflection cell for the measurement of NO2 and NO3, problems in global atmospheric chemistry, scattered sky observations of stratospheric OClO at McMurdo Station, star-pointing UV-visible spectrometer for remote sensing of the stratosphere. Also discussed are: sensitivity limits of laser intracavity spectroscopy, novel ranging UV-visible spectrometer for remote sensing of the troposphere, balloon-borne measurements of the actinic flux in the UV spectral region, balloon-borne submillimeter-wave stratospheric measurements, FIR Fabry-Perot spectrometer for OH measurements, ESA's contribution to atmospheric chemistry, the ATLAS-1 mission atmospheric trace molecular spectroscopy experiment, thermal sounding of the atmosphere under non-LTE conditions, GOME instrument simulation, global ozone monitoring experiment on board ERS 2.

Schiff, Harold I.; Platt, Ulrich

195

Mistaken Identity and Mirror Images: Albert and Carl Einstein, Leiden and Berlin, Relativity and Revolution  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Albert Einstein accepted a 'special' visiting professorship at the University of Leiden in the Netherlands in February 1920. Although his appointment should have been a mere formality, it took until October of that year before Einstein could occupy his special chair. Why the delay? The explanation involves a case of mistaken identity with Carl Einstein, Dadaist art, and a particular Dutch fear of revolutions. But what revolution was one afraid of? The story of Einstein's Leiden chair throws new light on the reception of relativity and its creator in the Netherlands and in Germany.

Dongen, Jeroen

2012-06-01

196

From Broadway to Berlin: Transformative Learning through German Hip-Hop  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the possibilities for effecting Transformative Learning in students of German language and culture through the use of popular music videos, in both the target and the students' own languages. Transformative Learning, a term that has differing valences in numerous academic disciplines, is employed here in its social-scientific…

Sosulski, Michael J.

2013-01-01

197

Erich Bracht (1882-1969) of Berlin and his "breech" manoeuvre.  

PubMed

Erich Bracht, a German gynaecologist, described in 1935 the manoeuvre named after him for delivering the frank breech with minimal interference. In spite of the reported success of his method, it received little attention in the United Kingdom or North America. PMID:12496236

Dunn, P M

2003-01-01

198

Pessimistic Explanatory Style in the Historical Record: CAVing LBJ, Presidential Candidates, and East Versus West Berlin  

Microsoft Academic Search

The habitual way people explain causes (explanatory style) as assessed by questionnaire has been used to predict depression, achievement, and health, with a pessimistic style predicting poor outcomes. Because some individuals whose behavior is of interest cannot take questionnaires, their explanatory style can be assessed by blind, reliable content analysis of verbatim explanations (CAVE) from the historical record. We discuss

Harold M. Zullow; Gabriele Oettingen; Christopher Peterson; Martin E. P. Seligman

1988-01-01

199

The Berlin Brain-Computer Interface: Non-Medical Uses of BCI Technology  

PubMed Central

Brain–computer interfacing (BCI) is a steadily growing area of research. While initially BCI research was focused on applications for paralyzed patients, increasingly more alternative applications in healthy human subjects are proposed and investigated. In particular, monitoring of mental states and decoding of covert user states have seen a strong rise of interest. Here, we present some examples of such novel applications which provide evidence for the promising potential of BCI technology for non-medical uses. Furthermore, we discuss distinct methodological improvements required to bring non-medical applications of BCI technology to a diversity of layperson target groups, e.g., ease of use, minimal training, general usability, short control latencies.

Blankertz, Benjamin; Tangermann, Michael; Vidaurre, Carmen; Fazli, Siamac; Sannelli, Claudia; Haufe, Stefan; Maeder, Cecilia; Ramsey, Lenny; Sturm, Irene; Curio, Gabriel; Muller, Klaus-Robert

2010-01-01

200

Germany's Chosen Path: Domestic Security Institutions in the Berlin Republic 1990-97.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In post-Cold War Germany, the future of German security policy revolves largely around its attitude to deployment of its forces abroad. The relevant question is will Germany return to 'normality,' using its military as a tool in an interventionist manner,...

C. W. Paul

1997-01-01

201

From Athens and Berlin to LA: Faculty Work & the New Academy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the author's examination of the role of faculty in the new academy. He contends that undergraduate education reforms that were launched in the last three decades of the twentieth century, although creative and energetic, have not been fully integrated into the central mission of most institutions, structured into the reward…

Rice, R. Eugene

2006-01-01

202

Effects and Distribution of Cd Nitrate in a Ruderal Ecosystem in West Berlin.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The decomposition of Cd-contaminated and uncontaminated litter of solidago gigantea leaves was investigated. Uncontaminated leaves were found to decompose much quicker than the litter of contaminated leaves. Decomposition is much slower in fine-mesh; Cd-c...

W. Kratz

1985-01-01

203

40 CFR 180.1011 - Viable spores of the microorganism Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner; exemption from the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 2009-07-01 false Viable spores of the microorganism Bacillus thuringiensis...From Tolerances § 180.1011 Viable spores of the microorganism Bacillus thuringiensis...Bacteriology, Eighth Edition. (2) Spore preparations of Bacillus...

2009-07-01

204

40 CFR 180.1011 - Viable spores of the microorganism Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner; exemption from the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Viable spores of the microorganism Bacillus thuringiensis...From Tolerances § 180.1011 Viable spores of the microorganism Bacillus thuringiensis...Bacteriology, Eighth Edition. (2) Spore preparations of Bacillus...

2010-07-01

205

Health of Europeans twenty years after the fall of Berlin wall.  

PubMed

The failure of central planning in the totalitarian systems of the USSR and its satellites adversely affected not only the economy and social relations but also the population health. While in the countries with established democracy (DEM) the general health and the life expectancy (LE) steadily improved, in countries declaring socialism (SOC) the LE was stagnant and in the USSR even decreased. Dramatic changes in Russia after the demise of Soviet Union resulted in an extraordinary destabilization of LE that reached a minimum in 1994. Remarkably, even twenty years after the breakdown of the Iron Curtain there persists a gap in the general health between the DEM and the SOC regions of Europe. Within the territory of the former Soviet influence there are additional differences in LE: Central Europe is much better off than Russia and its neighbours. Main cause of relatively high mortality in the post totalitarian Europe is the cardiovascular disease (CVD). Among females about 80% difference in LE between DEM and SOC countries is related to premature CVD mortality. In SOC males compared to DEM, about 50% of the higher mortality is caused by CVD, 20% is related to external factors (trauma, suicide) and 10% is oncologic disorders. The main suggested cause of such excess mortality, besides a low socioeconomic level and limited funding for health care, is an improper life style: alcoholism, smoking and inadequate intake of protective nutrients. Alcoholism, especially binge drinking is a prominent factor in Russia, Belarus, Ukraine and in the Baltic Republics (Fig. 6, Tab. 4, Ref. 20). PMID:20806547

Ginter, E; Simko, V

2010-01-01

206

A specific binding protein from Manduca sexta for the insecticidal toxin of Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. berliner.  

PubMed

Biopesticides based on the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis have attracted wide attention as safe alternatives to chemical pesticides. In this paper, we report, for the first time, the identification and purification of a single binding protein from a lepidopteran insect, Manduca sexta, that is specific for a cryIA toxin of B. thuringiensis. The purified protein appeared as a single band of 210 kDa on a two-dimensional gel, had a pI of approximately 5.5, and stained with Schiff's reagent. The band material was sensitive to proteolytic digestion and was rich with acidic amino acids, indicating its protein nature. Radiolabeled toxin bound to the protein with a Kd value of 708 pM and could be specifically blocked by unlabeled toxin but not by toxins from other subspecies of B. thuringiensis. This study lays the groundwork to clone the toxin binding protein and to determine the molecular mechanism(s) of toxin action. PMID:8509372

Vadlamudi, R K; Ji, T H; Bulla, L A

1993-06-15

207

Lidar for remote sensing; Proceedings of the Meeting, Berlin, Germany, June 24-26, 1992  

SciTech Connect

The present volume on lidar for remote sensing discusses lidar system techniques for remote sensing of atmospheric pollution, airborne and surface-based lidar for environmental sensing of water and oceans, Doppler lidar for wind sensing and related measurement, aerosol measurements using lidar, ozone, water vapor, temperature, and density sensing with lidar systems, and new lidar technology systems and concepts. Attention is given to remote sensing of air pollution over large European cities by lidar, differential absorption lidar monitoring of atmospheric atomic mercury, an experimental evaluation of an airborne depth-sounding lidar, and remote sensing of the sea by tunable multichannel lidar. Topics addressed include recent developments in lidar techniques to measure the wind in the middle atmosphere, recent stratospheric aerosol measurements with a combined Raman elastic-backscatter lidar, the development of an eye-safe IR aerosol lidar, and temperature measurement by rotational Raman lidar.

Becherer, R.J.; Werner, C.

1992-01-01

208

Mistaken Identity and Mirror Images: Albert and Carl Einstein, Leiden and Berlin, Relativity and Revolution  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Albert Einstein accepted a "special" visiting professorship at the University of Leiden in the Netherlands in February 1920. Although his appointment should have been a mere formality, it took until October of that year before Einstein could occupy his special chair. Why the delay? The explanation involves a case of mistaken identity with Carl Einstein, Dadaist art, and a particular Dutch fear of revolutions. But what revolutions was one afraid of? The story of Einstein's Leiden chair throws new light on the reception of relativity and its creator in the Netherlands and in Germany.

van Dongen, Jeroen

2012-06-01

209

Emissivity measurements of Mercury analogue materials from the Berlin Emissivity Database (BED)  

Microsoft Academic Search

To determine the planetary surfaces composition, remote sensing infrared spectroscopy is a suitable and powerful method of investigation. Past, present and future missions to bodies in the solar system include in their payload instruments measuring the emerging radiation in the infrared range. The MERTIS instrument, a TIR spectrometer combined with a radiometer, is part of the scientific payload of the

A. Maturilli; J. Helbert; L. Moroz

2006-01-01

210

Comparing exercise in Parkinson's disease--the Berlin LSVT®BIG study.  

PubMed

Physiotherapy is widely used in Parkinson's disease (PD), but there are few controlled studies comparing active interventions. Recently, a technique named "LSVT®BIG" has been introduced. LSVT®BIG is derived from the Lee Silverman Voice Treatment and focuses on intensive exercising of high-amplitude movements. In the present comparative study, 60 patients with mild to moderate PD were randomly assigned to receive either one-to-one training (BIG), group training of Nordic Walking (WALK), or domestic nonsupervised exercises (HOME). Patients in training (BIG) and WALK received 16 hours of supervised training within 4 (BIG) or 8 (WALK) weeks. The primary efficacy measure was difference in change in Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) motor score from baseline to follow-up at 16 weeks between groups. UPDRS scores were obtained by blinded video rating. ANCOVA showed significant group differences for UPDRS-motor score at final assessment (P < 0.001). Mean improvement of UPDRS in BIG was -5.05 (SD 3.91) whereas there was a mild deterioration of 0.58 (SD 3.17) in WALK and of 1.68 (SD 5.95) in HOME. LSVT®BIG was also superior to WALK and HOME in timed-up-and-go and timed 10 m walking. There were no significant group differences for quality of life (PDQ39). These results provide evidence that LSVT®BIG is an effective technique to improve motor performance in patients with PD. PMID:20669294

Ebersbach, Georg; Ebersbach, Almut; Edler, Daniela; Kaufhold, Olaf; Kusch, Matthias; Kupsch, Andreas; Wissel, Jörg

2010-09-15

211

Fasting Versus Post-Challenge Triglycerides and Pre-Existing Cavitating Lacunes: A Berlin "Cream & Sugar" Substudy  

PubMed Central

Background and Purpose: Although the presence of cavitating lacunes on brain imaging may have prognostic implications, the modifiable risk factors underlying these frequently observed lesions are not completely understood. We sought to determine if fasting and post-challenge triglycerides associate with cavitating lacunes. Methods: All first ischemic stroke patients who completed a novel combined oral triglyceride and glucose tolerance test and MRI between January 2009 and June 2012 were included. Fluid-attenuated inversion recovery or T2 MRI sequences were used to visualize cavitating lacunes and white matter hyperintensities, which were graded using the Wahlund visual scale. Results: One hundred and ninety patients were included (median age 66, IQR 52–73; 33% female; median National Institute of Health Stroke Scale 2, IQR 1–4). A forward stepwise binary logistical regression analysis applying the Hosmer–Lemeshow goodness of fit test adjusted for parameters significant in univariate analyses (at the p?10: adjusted odds ratio 9.6; 95% CI, 1.55–59.35; p?=?0.015) and the highest quartile of post-challenge triglycerides (>295?mg/dL; adjusted odds ratio, 7.36; 95% confidence interval 1.24–43.70; p?=?0.028) independently associated with the presence of cavitating lacunes. Conclusion: Post-challenge serum triglycerides are independently associated with the presence of cavitating lacunes.

Leonards, Christopher O.; Wang, Li; Fiebach, Jochen B.; Endres, Matthias; Ebinger, Martin

2013-01-01

212

Procedures for Computing Transonic Flows for Control of Adaptive Wind Tunnels. Ph.D. Thesis - Technische Univ., Berlin, Mar. 1986  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Numerical methods are developed for control of three dimensional adaptive test sections. The physical properties of the design problem occurring in the external field computation are analyzed, and a design procedure suited for solution of the problem is worked out. To do this, the desired wall shape is determined by stepwise modification of an initial contour. The necessary changes in geometry are determined with the aid of a panel procedure, or, with incident flow near the sonic range, with a transonic small perturbation (TSP) procedure. The designed wall shape, together with the wall deflections set during the tunnel run, are the input to a newly derived one-step formula which immediately yields the adapted wall contour. This is particularly important since the classical iterative adaptation scheme is shown to converge poorly for 3D flows. Experimental results obtained in the adaptive test section with eight flexible walls are presented to demonstrate the potential of the procedure. Finally, a method is described to minimize wall interference in 3D flows by adapting only the top and bottom wind tunnel walls.

Rebstock, Rainer

1987-01-01

213

Frequent Combination of Antimicrobial Multiresistance and Extraintestinal Pathogenicity in Escherichia coli Isolates from Urban Rats (Rattus norvegicus) in Berlin, Germany  

PubMed Central

Urban rats present a global public health concern as they are considered a reservoir and vector of zoonotic pathogens, including Escherichia coli. In view of the increasing emergence of antimicrobial resistant E. coli strains and the on-going discussion about environmental reservoirs, we intended to analyse whether urban rats might be a potential source of putatively zoonotic E. coli combining resistance and virulence. For that, we took fecal samples from 87 brown rats (Rattus norvegicus) and tested at least three E. coli colonies from each animal. Thirty two of these E. coli strains were pre-selected from a total of 211 non-duplicate isolates based on their phenotypic resistance to at least three antimicrobial classes, thus fulfilling the definition of multiresistance. As determined by multilocus sequence typing (MLST), these 32 strains belonged to 24 different sequence types (STs), indicating a high phylogenetic diversity. We identified STs, which frequently occur among extraintestinal pathogenic E. coli (ExPEC), such as STs 95, 131, 70, 428, and 127. Also, the detection of a number of typical virulence genes confirmed that the rats tested carried ExPEC-like strains. In particular, the finding of an Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing strain which belongs to a highly virulent, so far mainly human- and avian-restricted ExPEC lineage (ST95), which expresses a serogroup linked with invasive strains (O18:NM:K1), and finally, which produces an ESBL-type frequently identified among human strains (CTX-M-9), pointed towards the important role, urban rats might play in the transmission of multiresistant and virulent E. coli strains. Indeed, using a chicken infection model, this strain showed a high in vivo pathogenicity. Imagining the high numbers of urban rats living worldwide, the way to the transmission of putatively zoonotic, multiresistant, and virulent strains might not be far ahead. The unforeseeable consequences of such an emerging public health threat need careful consideration in the future.

Guenther, Sebastian; Bethe, Astrid; Fruth, Angelika; Semmler, Torsten; Ulrich, Rainer G.; Wieler, Lothar H.; Ewers, Christa

2012-01-01

214

Changes of CSF-protein pattern in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia during prophylactic CNS therapy (Berlin protocol)  

SciTech Connect

The cerebral spinal fluid (CSF)-protein profiles of ten children with previously untreated acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) were investigated by agarose gel electrophoresis. The profiles were determined at diagnosis and during the fifth to eighth week of treatment when preventive therapy for central nervous system (CNS) leukemia (skull irradiation, intrathecal methotrexate (ithMTX) was administered. The profiles were compared with those obtained from a control group of 67 children and those from 42 patients with acute aseptic meningitis. The data from the latter group demonstrated the CSF-protein pattern of partial blood-CSF barrier (B-CSF-B) breakdown. The children with ALL showed no or only minor signs of a B-CSF-B impairment at diagnosis and after four weeks of systemic treatment. However, CSF changes indicative of a lesion of the B-CSF-B increased in all children continuously during CNS prophylaxis. The protein profile at the end of combined chemotherapy and radiotherapy was very similar to that in patients with acute aseptic meningitis. These observations point to neurotoxic side effects on the CNS barrier system with the combination of cranial radiation and ithMTX. A striking finding was restricted heterogeneity of gamma-globulin, observed in the CSF of nine out of the ten children with ALL before or during treatment. The significance of this abnormality is unknown.

Siemes, H.; Rating, D.; Siegert, M.; Hanefeld, F.; Mueller, S.; Gadner, H.; Riehm, H.

1980-01-01

215

[The West-Berlin therapy study of acute lymphoblastic leukemia in childhood--report after 6 years].  

PubMed

During the last 6 years 73 previously untreated children and adolescents with acute lymphoblastic leukemia were enrolled on a non-randomized therapy protocol. In this longitudinal study the specific accent was put on the intensified induction treatment of 8 weeks' duration which was thought to achieve a higher remission quality. In this phase 8 effective drugs were applied up to the patient's tolerance limits; in addition prophylactic irradiation to the central nervous system was given in two modifications. After 4 weeks all patients were in complete remission. During the first 4 months 6 children died due to complications for which therapy must be at least partially responsible. 17 out of 67 patients relapsed between 4 and 59 months after diagnosis, which corresponds to a remission rate according to the life table analysis of 62% (50 out of 67 patients in first remission). The majority of patients with relapse is characterized at diagnosis by a specific pattern of clinical findings. 2 therapy groups, differently treated in respect to central nervous system irradiation and duration of continuation therapy, do not at present statistically differ from each other. According to statistics 8 more children may be expected to suffer from relapse. The improved results are due to a lower incidence of bone marrow relapses; it seems that there is a direct relation between intensity of treatment during the induction phase and the occurrence of bone marrow relapses. The specific problems of the presented study take place during the induction phase, which, due to toxicity, regularly results in a number of side effects and severe complications. In order to realize the induction therapy, the use of prophylactic and supportive procedures is of utmost importance. Profound knowledge of possible side effects and complications is most essential as well as the knowledge of how to cope with these problems. It is the authors' opinion that the induction phase can only be performed in specialized institutions, because only at these places enough information may be obtained from an adequate number of patients and only there pediatric oncologists may share in the decisions and responsibilities. Only by using every kind of medical service this method of therapy may be justified at present, according to the results of this study, for the benefit of children with leukemia. PMID:23700050

Riehm, H; Gadner, H; Welte, K

2013-05-01

216

Trends in water demand and water availability for power plants—scenario analyses for the German capital Berlin  

Microsoft Academic Search

The availability of electric power is an important prerequisite for the development or maintenance of high living standards.\\u000a Global change, including socio-economic change and climate change, is a challenge for those who have to deal with the long-term\\u000a management of thermoelectric power plants. Power plants have lifetimes of several decades. Their water demand changes with\\u000a climate parameters in the short

Hagen Koch; Stefan Vögele; Michael Kaltofen; Uwe Grünewald

2012-01-01

217

The Berlin Brain-Computer Interface (BBCI) - towards a new communication channel for online control in gaming applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

The investigation of innovative Human- Computer Interfaces (HCI) provides a challenge for future multimedia research and development. Brain-Computer Interfaces (BCI) exploit the ability of human communica- tion and control bypassing the classical neuromuscular communication channels. In general, BCIs offer a possibil- ity of communication for people with severe neuromuscu- lar disorders, such as Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) or spinal cord

Roman Krepki; Benjamin Blankertz; Gabriel Curio; Klaus-robert Müller

2007-01-01

218

The non-invasive Berlin Brain–Computer Interface: Fast acquisition of effective performance in untrained subjects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Brain–Computer Interface (BCI) systems establish a direct communication channel from the brain to an output device. These systems use brain signals recorded from the scalp, the surface of the cortex, or from inside the brain to enable users to control a variety of applications. BCI systems that bypass conventional motor output pathways of nerves and muscles can provide novel control

Benjamin Blankertz; Guido Dornhege; Matthias Krauledat; Klaus-Robert Müller; Gabriel Curio

2007-01-01

219

78 FR 70516 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Illinois  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...updating the definition of ``Volatile organic material (VOM) or Volatile organic compound (VOC)'' to add trans- 1,3,3,3-tetra-flouropropene (HFO-1234ze) to the list of compounds excluded from the definition of VOM or VOC....

2013-11-26

220

Screening, diversity and partial sequence comparison of vegetative insecticidal protein (vip3A) genes in the local isolates of Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner.  

PubMed

Characterization, direct sequencing of the PCR amplicon and phylogenetic relationship was done to discover a novel Vip protein genes of the Bt isolates, to improve the prospects for insect control, more Vip proteins should be sought out and researched to predict their insecticidal activity. Characterization was based on direct sequencing of PCR amplicon using primers specific to vip3A gene was presented here. 12 out of 18 isolates screened were positive for vip gene-specific primers. Homology search for the partial sequences using BLAST showed that 11 isolates had high similarity to vip3Aa gene and only one fragment with vip3Ae gene (25-100% at nucleotide and amino acid level). Phylogenetic analysis showed that the gene sequences were responsible for geographic separation for divergence within vip genes, consistent with the evaluation of distinct bacterial population. Despite the geographical distances, strains harbouring vip genes have originated from common ancestors may significantly contribute to control resistant insect pests. Some strains have evolved to be quite distinct and others remain as members of closely related groups. The reported method is a powerful tool to find novel Vip3A proteins from large-scale Bt strains which is effective in terms of time and cost. Further the Vip proteins produced by different strains of B. thuringiensis are unique in terms of the sequence divergence and hence may also differ in their insecticidal activities. PMID:22246044

Asokan, R; Swamy, H M Mahadeva; Arora, D K

2012-04-01

221

Comparison of three antigen detection tests for diagnosis and follow-up of falciparum malaria in travellers returning to Berlin, Germany.  

PubMed

We determined the sensitivity and specificity of three rapid immunochromatographic malarial antigen detection test systems (RDTs) for the detection of Plasmodium falciparumand assessed the quality of follow-up results. ParaSight-F and ICT Malaria detect histidine-rich protein-2 (HRP-2), whereas OptiMal detects plasmodial lactate dehydrogenase (pLDH). ParaSight-F performed with 95.1% sensitivity and 97.1% specificity (554 patients tested of whom 144 had falciparum malaria). ICT Malaria performed with 95.7% sensitivity and 99.2% specificity (718 patients tested of whom 184 had falciparum malaria). OptiMal performed with 76.2% sensitivity and 99.7% specificity (539 patients tested of whom 130 had falciparum malaria). In follow-up investigations, HRP-2 did not appear to be a useful antigen due to its long half-life, whereas pLDH offers a reasonable correlation with the presence of viable parasites in those cases initially detected. We therefore conclude that a combination of both antigens might be the best option for creating a reliable RDT for the diagnosis of falciparum malaria. PMID:12632146

Grobusch, Martin P; Hänscheid, Thomas; Göbels, Klaus; Slevogt, Hortense; Zoller, Thomas; Rögler, Gertrud; Teichmann, Dieter

2003-03-01

222

Partnering for Vaccine Emerging Markets--Berlin, June 10-11, 2013: balancing vaccine quality, capacity, and cost-of-goods in emerging markets.  

PubMed

Phacilitates 1st Partnering event for Vaccine Emerging Markets brought together approximately 100 attendees from developed and developing world vaccine manufacturers, leading non-profit organizations and industry suppliers. The goal was to discuss the vaccine needs in the developing world and how these needs can be met by leveraging collaboration and partnership models, by improving access to existing, new and next generation vaccines, by using novel technologies to drive competitive advantage and economics of vaccine manufacturing and by investing in localized capacity, including capacity for pandemic vaccines. The present article summarizes insights out of 30 oral contributions on how quality and capacity requirements can be balanced with cost by using novel manufacturing technologies and operating models. PMID:23966097

Onraedt, Annelies

2013-09-01

223

Levels of synthetic musks; Bromocyclene and PCBs in eel (anguilla anguilla) and PCBs in sediment samples from some waters of Berlin \\/ Germany  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to identify firstly the extent of contamination both of the aquatic biota and of sediments and secondly any regional differences in the concentrations of these compounds. In 1996, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs, including their coplanar congeners) were measured in 58 eel and 50 sediment samples. Furthermore, the veterinary pharmaceutical bromocyclene and the nitro musks were

Hermann Fromme; Thomas Otto; Konstanze Pilz; Frank Neugebauer

1999-01-01

224

The Berlin Brain-Computer Interface (BBCI) towards a new communication channel for online control of multimedia applications and computer games  

Microsoft Academic Search

The investigation of innovative Human- Computer Interfaces (HCI) provides a challenge for fu- ture multimedia research and development. Brain- Computer Interfaces (BCI) exploit the ability of human communication and control bypassing the classical neu- romuscular communication channels. In general, BCIs offer a possibility of communication for people with severe neuromuscular disorders, such as Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) or spinal cord

Roman Krepki; Benjamin Blankertz; Gabriel Curio; Klaus-Robert Müller

225

Bank filtration in the sandy littoral zone of Lake Tegel (Berlin): Structure and dynamics of the biological active filter zone and clogging processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study focused on clogging processes and on the benthic microalgal and meiofaunal assemblage in the sandy littoral zone of Lake Tegel, which are significantly involved in bank filtration, in a long-term. Our approach combined field studies and “in situ” experiments to highlight the structure of the biological active filter zone as well as the mechanisms and effects of clogging

Anja Hoffmann; Günter Gunkel

2011-01-01

226

FOSSIL MAYFLY COLLECTIONS OF THE MUSEUM FÜR NATURKUNDE, HUMBOLDT UNIVERSITY BERLIN. I. ELECTROLETUS SOLDANI GEN. AND SP. NOV. (EPHEMEROPTERA: AMELETIDAE) FROM THE EOCENE BALTIC AMBER  

Microsoft Academic Search

Electroletus soldani gen . and sp. nov . from Eocene Baltic amber is described and illustrated. The presence of an elongate lateroparapsidal suture of the mesonotum, sublateroscutum and submedioscutum of the mesonotum with traces of the pigmented area, a backwards-stretched medially mesonotal suture, the dissimilar claws and a 5-seg- mented paracercus undoubtedly define the systematic position of Electroletus gen. nov.

Roman J. Godunko; Christian Neumann

2006-01-01

227

Psychological distress and psychiatric disorders in primary health care patients in East and West Germany 1 year after the fall of the Berlin Wall  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The reunification of Germany confronted citizens in East and West Germany with many changes in their lives. These changes\\u000a may be considered as critical life events. Especially for those in East Germany, life circumstances drastically changed, and\\u000a individuals were increasingly required to adopt and develop coping capabilities. In addition to new opportunities and freedom,\\u000a there was threatening uncertainty about

M. Achberger; M. Linden; O. Benkert

1999-01-01

228

Technological Change, Employment, Qualifications and Training. A Development of Concepts from a Conference Held in Berlin, November 24-26, 1982.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A conference examined the socioeconomic challenges of technological and educational change throughout the European community. One hundred fifty representatives from a cross section of countries and agencies involved in education, training, and employment gathered to discuss the following themes: the transition from initial training to employment…

Sorge, Arndt

229

Teaching Literature in a Proficiency Oriented Classroom. Pedagogically Prepared Units by Teachers of German, 1991, NEH German Institute, Westminster College, Berlin, Germany.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A number of papers by secondary school German language teachers resulting from an institute on incorporation of literature into classroom instruction jointly sponsored by the National Endowment for the Humanities and the Goethe Institute of Germany are collected here. They represent classroom methods and materials developed by institute…

Moeller, Aleidine J., Ed.

230

Do short courses in evidence based medicine improve knowledge and skills? Validation of Berlin questionnaire and before and after study of courses in evidence based medicine  

PubMed Central

Objective To develop and validate an instrument for measuring knowledge and skills in evidence based medicine and to investigate whether short courses in evidence based medicine lead to a meaningful increase in knowledge and skills. Design Development and validation of an assessment instrument and before and after study. Setting Various postgraduate short courses in evidence based medicine in Germany. Participants The instrument was validated with experts in evidence based medicine, postgraduate doctors, and medical students. The effect of courses was assessed by postgraduate doctors from medical and surgical backgrounds. Intervention Intensive 3 day courses in evidence based medicine delivered through tutor facilitated small groups. Main outcome measure Increase in knowledge and skills. Results The questionnaire distinguished reliably between groups with different expertise in evidence based medicine. Experts attained a threefold higher average score than students. Postgraduates who had not attended a course performed better than students but significantly worse than experts. Knowledge and skills in evidence based medicine increased after the course by 57% (mean score before course 6.3 (SD 2.9) v 9.9 (SD 2.8), P<0.001). No difference was found among experts or students in absence of an intervention. Conclusions The instrument reliably assessed knowledge and skills in evidence based medicine. An intensive 3 day course in evidence based medicine led to a significant increase in knowledge and skills. What is already known on this topicNumerous observational studies have investigated the impact of teaching evidence based medicine to healthcare professionals, with conflicting resultsMost of the studies were of poor methodological qualityWhat this study addsAn instrument assessing basic knowledge and skills required for practising evidence based medicine was developed and validatedAn intensive 3 day course on evidence based medicine for doctors from various backgrounds and training level led to a clinically meaningful improvement of knowledge and skills

Fritsche, L; Greenhalgh, T; Falck-Ytter, Y; Neumayer, H-H; Kunz, R

2002-01-01

231

ONLINE COMMUNITIES FOR CUSTOMER RELATIONSHIP MANAGEMENT ON FINANCIAL STOCK MARKETS - A CASE STUDY FROM A PROJECT AT THE BERLIN STOCK EXCHANGE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Retail trading on financial exchanges is always intermediated by banks. Thus, a direct link between exchange and retail investors does not exist. However, financial exchanges offer services to retail investors. Thus, from a marketing perspective, retail investors are their direct customers. Caused by the bank-intermediated transaction chain on financial retail exchanges a direct customer relationship management (CRM) among exchanges and

Christoph Lattemann; Stefan Stieglitz

232

Ethnic Minorities and Migrant Communities. Report on the Round Table and Satellite Meetings. International Congress on AIDS (9th, Berlin, Germany, June 6-11, 1993).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Naz Foundation sponsors a project on HIV and AIDS education, prevention, and support among South Asian, Turkish, Irani, and Arab communities in Europe. As immigrants, ethnic minorities, and refugees, these people are not isolated from the societies in which they live, and are just as vulnerable as any other community to AIDS. A conference on…

Naz Foundation, London (England).

233

Alimentation au laboratoire de Perillus bioculatus Fabr . avec des larves de Leptinotarsa decemlineata Say intoxiquées par la toxine thermostable de Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Summary  Under laboratory conditionsPerillus bioculatus can feed for a long period of time (7 days at 25 °C.) and apparently without harmful effects upon dying Colorado potato beetle\\u000a larvae, which have been intoxicated by a potentially lethal dose of thermostable toxin ofB. thuringiensis (tests III and IV). It seems, therefore, that although the thermostable toxin has a broader range of activity

A. Burgerjon; G. Biache

1966-01-01

234

The measurement of heats of solution of high melting metallic systems in an electromagnetic levitation field. Ph.D. Thesis - Tech. Univ. Berlin - 1979  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A method was tested for measuring the enthalpies of mixing of liquid metallic alloying systems, involving the combination of two samples in the electromagnetic field of an induction coil. The heat of solution is calculated from the pyrometrically measured temperature effect, the heat capacity of the alloy, and the heat content of the added sample. The usefulness of the method was tested experimentally with iron-copper and niobium-silicon systems. This method should be especially applicable to high-melting alloys, for which conventional measurements have failed.

Frohberg, M. G.; Betz, G.

1982-01-01

235

The Challenge of the Future. Future Trends in Adult and Continuing Technical and Vocational Education. An International Symposium (Berlin, Germany, October 16-20, 1995).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report on an international symposium on the strengthening of the development and improvement of vocational education begins with a description of UNEVOC, the International Project on Technical and Vocational Education. Section 2 presents discussions of the following topics: adult and continuing technical and vocational education and its…

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Hamburg (Germany). Inst. for Education.

236

Isotretinoin exposure and pregnancy outcome: an observational study of the Berlin Institute for Clinical Teratology and Drug Risk Assessment in Pregnancy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective  Apart from thalidomide, retinoids like isotretinoin are the strongest teratogens in humans known today. The overall risk of\\u000a birth defects is estimated as up to 30% after exposure during embryogenesis. In spite of well established pregnancy prevention\\u000a programs, pregnancies still occur during isotretinoin therapy in many countries including Germany. A detailed investigation\\u000a of the incidence and outcome of these pregnancies

Christof Schaefer; Reinhard Meister; Corinna Weber-Schoendorfer

2010-01-01

237

Occurrence of Endocrine-Disrupting and Other Wastewater Compounds during Water Treatment with Case Studies from Lincoln, Nebraska and Berlin, Germany  

EPA Science Inventory

Except for herbicides, research on the fate and transport of endocrine disrupting compounds and other organic wastewater compounds released into the environment and their potential presence in drinking water is in its infancy. Analytical methods still are being developed, evalua...

238

[First exchange of experiences concerning the H1N1 pandemic in Germany 2009/2010: report on a workshop held March 22-23, 2010, in Berlin].  

PubMed

In April 2009 the first pandemic of the 21st century developed within a few weeks starting from Mexico. Its first wave reached Germany in autumn 2009 and was responsible for 1.8-3.5 million additional medical consultations. For the public health sector, this pandemic was one of the largest challenges of the last few decades. As a contribution to broader evaluations on national and international level, the Robert Koch Institute invited representatives from different professions involved in the pandemic response to participate in a workshop on 22-23 March 2010. This workshop was structured in short presentations, group work, and plenary discussions. Main experiences were that (a) pandemic preparedness was helpful, (b) the early warning systems were reliable, (c) vaccines were available within a few months, however, in limited amounts. Need for improvement was discussed for (a) effectiveness of vaccination logistics, (b) mechanisms for the reimbursement of the cost of vaccination, (c) availability of surveillance and monitoring systems, (d) integration of physicians in decision-making processes and health education, and (e) proactive communication strategies. Investments in the above mentioned areas can help to improve public health protection in the future. PMID:20437020

Krause, G; Gilsdorf, A; Becker, J; Bradt, K; Dreweck, C; Gärtner, B; Löwer, J; Marcic, A; Nicoll, A; Pott, E; Schaade, L; Schoeller, A; Stollorz, V; Träder, C; Razum, O

2010-05-01

239

II-VI compounds 1989; Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference, Technische Universitaet Berlin, Federal Republic of Germany, Sept. 17-22, 1989  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Various papers on crystal growth are presented. The general topics addressed include: crystal growth and epitaxy; theoretical concepts; impurities; surfaces and interfaces, thin films, superlattices, and quantum wells; optical properties; transport; semimagnetics; electroluminescence; and applications. Individual topics addressed include: MOVPE of narrow and wide gap II-VI compounds; HgTe/HgCdTe superlattices: growth, electrical, and optical properties; growth and characterization of CdS; vertical Bridgman growth of Cd(1-x)Zn(y)Te and characterization of substrates for use in Hg(1-x)Cd(x)Te liquid phase epitaxy; CdTe and CdZnTe crystal growth by horizontal Bridgman technique; crystalline and chemical quality of CdTe and Cd(1-x)Zn(x)Te grown by the Bridgman method in low temperature gradients.

Broser, I.; Gumlich, H.-E.; Gutowski, J.; Mullin, J. B.

1990-04-01

240

d'Arrest, Heinrich Louis (1822-75)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Born Berlin, Germany, worked at the Berlin Observatory and Copenhagen Observatory. At Berlin he participated with JOHANN GALLE in the discovery of Neptune. Discovered comets and asteroids and observed nebulae, including the variable nebula of JOHN HIND....

Murdin, P.

2000-11-01

241

Hinweise zur Mitarbeiterfortbildung: 5. Wiesbadener Sprachlabortagung vom 2. bis 4. Oktober 1970(Guidance on Professional Continuing Education: Proceedings of the Fifth Wiesbaden Language Laboratory Conference, October 2-4, 1970).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents the results of a conference on furthering teacher education in language laboratory use. A review of recommendations for innovation, adopted at a previous conference (see FL 002 711) serves as background for summaries of papers on the following subjects: (1) foreign-language learning goals and consequences for methodology, (2)…

Schrand, Heinrich, Ed.; Bach, Edgar, Ed.

242

Sprachlabors in der Erwachsenenbildung: 4. Wiesbadener Sprachlabortagung vom 30. Oktober bis 2. November 1969 in Marburg/Lahn (Language Laboratories in Adult Education: Proceedings of the Fourth Wiesbaden Language Laboratory Conference, Marburg/Lahn, October 30-November 2, 1969).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This conference report on the language laboratory in adult education contains summaries of papers on the following topics: (1) the state of laboratory use in West Germany, (2) modern teaching methods in certification courses for English teachers, (3) possibilities for laboratory use in university-level foreign-language instruction, (4) exercise…

Seebach, Barbara, Ed.

244

Beyond the regime: barriers to and opportunities for integrated sustainability policy as- sessment Paper for presentation at the 2008 Berlin Conference on the Human Dimensions of Global Envi- ronmental Change \\/ International Conference of the Social-Ecological Research 22-23 February 2008, Berlin  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concept of radical, systemic, decadal innovation - or a 'transition' - inevitably challenges dominant actors and institutions. Yet, the inability of current (incremental, short-term) policy approaches to adequately tackle persistent, long-term, complex and cross-sectoral problems suggests such a transition is needed. This paper explores the extent to which current policy assessment practices and institutions are able to support and

Lorraine Whitmarsh; Björn Nykvist

245

Schwangerschaften und Geburten nach dem Reaktorunfall in Tschernobyl. Eine repraesentative Erhebung fuer die Bundesrepublik Deutschland und Berlin (West). Kurzfassung. (Gestations and parturitions after the Chernobyl reactor accident. A representative evaluation for the Federal Republic of Germany and Berlin (West). Short version).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study was aimed at evaluating courses of gestation and parturitions in the light of the Chernobyl reactor accident and at comparing the results obtained with those from a study carried out in 1981/82 on factors assumed to have a role in pre-term deli...

J. Hoeltz A. Hoeltz P. Potthoff A. Brachner B. Grosche

1991-01-01

246

Protection of a hermit crab by its symbiotic sea anemone Calliactis tricolor  

Microsoft Academic Search

Zusammenfassung Experimenteller Nachweis, dass Einsiedlerkrebse,Pagurus pollicaris, mit symbiontischer Seeanemone,Calliactis tricolor, anf ihrer Schale vom natürlichen Feind der Krabbe,Calappa flammea, weitgehend gemieden werden.

R. B. McLean; R. N. Mariscal

1973-01-01

247

Bis in die Tiefe der Seele - Wie praktikabel ist die Tiefenökologie für die Umweltbildung? Up to the Depth of the Soul - How Practicable is Deep Ecology for Environmental Education?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Zusammenfassung: Der Beitrag untersucht die Potenzen der Tiefenökologie (Tö) für die Umweltbildung. Diese 1973 vom Philosophen Arne Naess formulierte und auf konsequente Nachhaltigkeit ausgerichtete Konzept unterscheidet zwischen einer \\

Norbert Jung

2005-01-01

248

The Python pit organ: imaging and immunocytochemical analysis of an extremely sensitive natural infrared detector 1 This paper was presented at the Fifth World Congress on Biosensors, Berlin, Germany, 3–5 June 1998. 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Python infrared-sensitive pit organ is a natural infrared imager that combines high sensitivity, ambient temperature function, microscopic dimensions, and self-repair. We are investigating the spectral sensitivity and signal transduction process in snake infrared-sensitive neurons, neither of which is understood. For example, it is unknown whether infrared receptor neurons function on a thermal or a photic mechanism. We imaged pit

Michael S Grace; Don R Church; Christopher T Kelly; William F Lynn; Thomas M Cooper

1999-01-01

249

Implementation and enforcement of the 3Rs principle in the field of transgenic animals used for scientific purposes. Report and recommendations of the BfR expert workshop, May 18-20, 2009, Berlin, Germany.  

PubMed

In 2007, 2.7 million vertebrates were used for animal experiments and other scientific purposes in Germany alone. Since 1998 there has been an increase in the number of animals used for research purposes, which is partly attributable to the growing use of transgenic animals. These animals are, for instance, used as in vivo models to mimic human diseases like diabetes, cancer or Alzheimer's disease. Here, transgenic model organisms serve as valuable tools, being instrumental in facilitating the analysis of the molecular mechanisms underlying human diseases, and might contribute to the development of novel therapeutic approaches. Due to variable and, sometimes low, efficiency (depending on the species used), however, the generation of such animals often requires a large number of embryo donors and recipients. The experts evaluated methods that could possibly be utilised to reduce, refine or even replace experiments with transgenic vertebrates in the mid-term future. Among the promising alternative model organisms available at the moment are the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster and the roundworm Caenorhabditis elegans. Specific cell culture experiments or three-dimensional (3D) tissue models also offer valuable opportunities to replace experiments with transgenic animals or reduce the number of laboratory animals required by assisting in decision-making processes. Furthermore, at the workshop an in vitro technique was presented which permits the production of complete human antibodies without using genetically modified ("humanised") animals. Up to now, genetically modified mice are widely used for this purpose. Improved breeding protocols, enhanced efficiency of mutagenesis as well as training of laboratory personnel and animal keepers can also help to reduce the numbers of laboratory animals. Well-trained staff in particular can help to minimise the pain, suffering and discomfort of animals and, at the same time, improve the quality of data obtained from animal experiments. This, in turn, can lead to a reduction in the numbers of animals needed for each experiment. The experts also came to the conclusion that the numbers of laboratory animals can be reduced by open access to a central database that provides detailed documentation of completed experiments involving transgenic animals. This documentation should not be restricted to experiments with substantial scientific results that warrant publication, but should also include those with "negative" outcome, which are usually not published. Capturing all kinds of results within such a database provides added value to the respective scientists and the scientific community as a whole; it could also help to stimulate collaborations and to ensure funding for future research. An important aspect to be considered in the generation of this kind of database is the quality and standardisation of the information provided on existing in vitro models and the respective opportunities for their use. The experts felt that the greatest potential for reducing the numbers of laboratory animals in the near future realistically might not be offered by the complete replacement of transgenic animal models but by opportunities to examine specific questions to a greater degree using in vitro models, such as cell and tissue cultures including organotypic models. The use of these models would considerably reduce the number of in vivo experiments using transgenic animals. However, the overall number of experimental animals may still be increasing or remain unaffected, e.g. when transgenic animals continue to serve as the source of primary cells and organs/tissues for in vitro experiments. PMID:21445538

Kretlow, Ariane; Butzke, Daniel; Goetz, Mario E; Grune, Barbara; Halder, Marlies; Henkler, Frank; Liebsch, Manfred; Nobiling, Rainer; Oelgeschlaeger, Michael; Reifenberg, Kurt; Schaefer, Bernd; Seiler, Andrea; Luch, Andreas

2010-01-01

250

European Seminar on the Development of the Competencies of Trainers and Organizers of Training Programmes for SMES (Berlin, West Germany, June 7-8, 1989). CEDEFOP Flash 7/89.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document summarizes the proceedings of a 2-day conference on training in small and medium businesses in the European Economic Community. Some of the topics discussed by the speakers include distance learning and the importance of training for owners and managers of small and medium enterprises. A series of guides that have been prepared to…

Melis, A.

251

Establishing Partnership in Technical and Vocational Education. Co-operation between Educational Institutions and Enterprises in Technical and Vocational Education. A Seminar for Key Personnel from Africa and Asia (Berlin, Germany, May 2-12, 1995).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report contains materials from a seminar designed to assist in the coordination between educational institutions and enterprises in preparing people for, and maintaining them within, the world of work. Chapter 1, Introduction, describes the International Project on Technical and Vocational Education (UNEVOC); it contains the greeting…

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Berlin (Germany).

252

Perspectives for Continuing Education and Training: Cooperation between Western and Eastern Europe. European Congress on Continuing Education and Training (3rd, Berlin, Germany, March 14-15, 1991). Congress Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The proceedings of the congress include the following workshop summaries: "Continuing Education and Training (CET) and Society" (Sellin); "The Social Dialogue" (Smith); "The Role of the Social Partners in Vocational and Further Training in Denmark" (Jensen); "Problems of Vocational Training in the Period of Transition to the Market Economy"…

Wollschlager, Norbert, Ed.

253

Modeling and analysis of dual-chamber pneumatic spring with adjustable damping for precision vibration isolation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Dual-chamber pneumatic spring with adjustable damping (DCPS-AD) employs a variable orifice mechanism (VOM) to obtain the adjustable stiffness and damping characteristics. These adjustable characteristics are aimed at improving the performance of the pneumatic vibration isolation system (VIS). In order to understand thoroughly how the adjustable parameter of VOM affects the behavior of DCPS-AD, the model of DCPS-AD is derived analytically and validated experimentally. The influence of VOM on the performance of DCPS-AD is analyzed quantitatively. All the results demonstrate that VOM has the ability to vary complex stiffness distribution in frequency domain. Based on these results, the approach optimizing the performance of VIS is proposed, which is realized by adjusting VOM actively. Performance experimental measurements of VIS in frequency domain are carried out under different payload masses. The measurement results validate the proposed approach, which can optimize the performance of VIS when some application conditions varying.

Pu, Huayan; Luo, Xin; Chen, Xuedong

2011-07-01

254

To Transform the Revolution into an Evolution: Underlying Assumptions of German Foreign Policy toward Soviet Russia, 1919-27  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the 1920s, the German Foreign Office looked to Russia as an important diplomatic partner in its efforts to revise the Versailles settlement. The radical nature of the Bolshevik regime, however, complicated Berlin’s efforts to build a close relationship with Moscow. Ultimately, Berlin believed that Soviet Russia would evolve away from Bolshevism and that through a policy of economic engagement

J. David Cameron

2005-01-01

255

Gray and the Politics of Pluralism  

Microsoft Academic Search

John Gray has played a leading role in reinterpreting the political implications of Isaiah Berlin’s notion of value?pluralism. While Berlin saw pluralism as intimately linked to liberal values and institutions, Gray questions that connection. At most, he argues, pluralism – the idea that human values are irreducibly multiple, potentially conflicting, and sometimes incommensurable – implies an ‘agonistic’ form of liberalism,

George Crowder

2006-01-01

256

Messprogramm der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Ergebnisse der Umweltmessungen in Russland, Weissrussland und der Ukraine in der Zeit vom 12. Mai bis 26. September 1992. (Measuring program of the Federal Republic of Germany. Results of the environment measurements in Russia, Belarus and Ukraine from May 12 to September 26, 1992).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

21 scientists and engineers conducted environmental measurement and determined the contamination of soil and foodstuff. Samples of food of the population were measured received and the results were given in a certificate with short explanation in the nati...

K. Heinemann R. Hille

1993-01-01

257

Messprogramm der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Ergebnisse der Ganzkoerpermessungen in Russland in der Zeit vom 17. Juni bis 4. Oktober 1991. (Measuring program of the Federal Republic of Germany. Results of the whole-body counting in Russia during the period of June 17 to October 4, 1991).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The body content of radionuclides of close to 160.000 persons in the RSFSR has been examined during summer 1991. An area of approximately 10000 km(sup 2) extending from close-to-Moskow Tula up to Slynka at the Byelorussian border and such including region...

P. Hille R. Hille

1992-01-01

258

Results of Laboratory Analyses of Samples Taken During the Placer I Exploration Onboard the Rv 'Valdivia' off Mozambique from 6 August to 4 December 1971 Laboruntersuchungen an Einer Probenserie Aus Dem MIT Dem Fs 'Valdivia' Vom 6. Aug. Bis 4. Dez. 1971 Durchgefuehrten 'Seifen 1'-Explorations-Vorhaben VOR Mocambique.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Heavy mineral bearing sand samples from an area off Mozambique obtained during the exploration cruise Placer 1 with R. V. Valdivia from August to December 1971 were examined physically, mineralogically, and chemically. These investigations should give inf...

K. Meyer

1973-01-01

259

Ethanol Infusion the Vein of Marshall Facilitates Mitral Isthmus Ablation  

PubMed Central

Background Treatment of perimitral flutter (PMF) requires bidirectional mitral isthmus (MI) block, which can be difficult with radiofrequency ablation (RFA). The vein of Marshall (VOM) is located within the MI. Objective To test whether VOM ethanol infusion could help achieve MI block. Methods Perimitral conduction was studied in patients undergoing ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF). Group 1 included 50 patients with a previous AF ablation undergoing repeat ablation, 30 of which had had MI ablation. Spontaneous (8/50) or inducible PMF (21/50) was confirmed by activation mapping. Group 2 included 21 patients undergoing de novo VOM ethanol infusion. The VOM was cannulated with a quadripolar catheter for pacing and with an angioplasty balloon to deliver up to four 1mL infusions of 98% ethanol. Voltage maps were created before and after VOM ethanol. Bidirectional MI block was verified by differential pacing. RFA times required to achieve it were assessed. Results In Group 1, VOM ethanol infusion acutely terminated PMF in 5/29 patients. RFA needed to achieve bidirectional MI block was 2.2±1.6 min. Presence of PMF or previous MI ablation did not affect RFA times. In Group 2, RFA needed to achieve bidirectional MI block was 2.0±1.6 min (p=NS). Five patients had bidirectional MI block achieved solely by VOM ethanol without RFA. In both groups, ablation after VOM ethanol was required in the annular aspect of the MI. There were no acute complications. Conclusion VOM ethanol infusion is useful in the treatment of PMF and assists in reliably achieving bidirectional MI block.

Baez-Escudero, Jose L.; Morales, Percy Francisco; Dave, Amish S.; Sasaridis, Christine M.; Kim, Young-Hoon; Okishige, Kaoru; Valderrabano, Miguel

2012-01-01

260

Ethanol Infusion in the Vein of Marshall: Adjunctive Effects during Ablation of Atrial Fibrillation  

PubMed Central

Background The vein of Marshall (VOM) is a left atrial (LA) vein that contains autonomic innervation and triggers of AF. Its location coincides with areas usually ablated during pulmonary vein (PV) antral isolation (PVAI). Objectives To delineate the safety and ablative effects of ethanol infusion in the VOM during catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF). Methods Patients undergoing PVAI (n=14) were consented for adjunctive VOM ethanol infusion. In 10/14 patients, the VOM was cannulated with an angioplasty wire and balloon. Echocardiographic contrast was injected in the VOM under echocardiographic monitoring. Two infusions of 100% ethanol (1cc each) were delivered via the angioplasty balloon in the VOM. LA bipolar voltage maps were created before and after ethanol infusion. Radiofrequency ablation times required to isolate each PV and other procedural data were compared with those of 10 age-, sex-, AF type- and LA size-matched controls undergoing conventional PVAI. Results The VOM communicated with underlying myocardium, as shown by echocardiographic contrast passage into the LA. There were no acute complications related to VOM ethanol infusion, which led to the creation of a low-voltage area in the LA measuring 10.6±7.6 cm2 and isolation of the left inferior PV in 4/10 patients. Radiofrequency ablation time required to achieve isolation of the left inferior PV was reduced (2.2±4 min vs 11.4±10.3 min in controls, p<0.05). Conclusions VOM ethanol infusion is safe in humans, decreases radiofrequency ablation time in the left inferior PV, and may have a role as an adjunct to PVAI.

Valderrabano, Miguel; Liu, Xiushi; Sasaridis, Christine; Sidhu, Jasvinder; Little, Stephen; Khoury, Dirar S

2009-01-01

261

77 FR 16940 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Illinois; Volatile Organic...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Implementation Plans; Illinois; Volatile Organic Compound Emission Control Measures for...technology (RACT) for sources of volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions in moderate...to approve into Illinois' SIP volatile organic material (VOM), which is the same...

2012-03-23

262

76 FR 74014 - Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; Illinois; Volatile Organic Compound Emission...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...exceed 15 pounds per day. Subject adhesive application operations must either...0.3 pounds VOM per gallon of adhesive for bonding metal) or use an add-on control...at least 85 percent. Specific adhesive application methods...

2011-11-30

263

Mechanical recovery properties of human tendons  

Microsoft Academic Search

Zusammenfassung Es wird gezeigt, dass eine isolierte Sehne des M. extensor hallucis longus vom Menschen nach einer bestimmten Vorspannung, wenn diese auf 1\\/4 reduziert wurde, bei gleichbleibender Länge eine Spannungszunahme aufweist.

G. Arnold; W. Worthmann

1972-01-01

264

Die Aktivität der Nierennerven nach Durchschneidung des Zentralnervensystems in verschiedener Höhe  

Microsoft Academic Search

An Fröschen in Hydroxydion-Narkose wurde geprüft, auf welchen Bahnen im ZNS die Beeinflussung der Aktivität der Nierennerven durch die Kreislauffüllung erfolgt. Die Versuche ergaben im einzelnen:1.Durchschneidungen des ZNS oberhalb vom Austritt der Hirnnerven und unterhalb vom Austritt der Nn. abdominales verändern die Beeinflussung der Aktivität der Nierennerven durch die Kreislauffüllung nicht.2.Wird das Rückenmark unterhalb der Medulla oblongata durchtrennt, so entfällt

Eberhard Dieter

1960-01-01

265

Buch  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Ein Buch ist eine mit einer Bindung und meistens mit einem Einband versehene, meist größere Anzahl von leeren, beschriebenen\\u000a oder bedruckten Papierblättern. In jüngster Zeit spricht man auch vom elektronischen Buch, meist als Datei auf Datenträger,\\u000a auf dem Texte und Abbildungen gespeichert sind, und vom Hörbuch als Tonaufzeichnung der Lesung eines Buches, die z. B. per\\u000a CD-Player abgespielt werden kann.

Hermann-Dieter Schröder

266

Maßnahmen zur Eindämmung des Brennnesseltyps der Schwarzholzkrankheit bei Weinreben ( Vitis vinifera )  

Microsoft Academic Search

Zusammenfassung  Die Schwarzholzkrankheit vom Stolbur Typ I (Brennnesseltyp) hat in Baden-Württemberg seit 2003 stark zugenommen. Als Überträger\\u000a der Schwarzholzkrankheit konnten in vielen Fällen Glasflügelzikaden, Hyalesthes obsoletus, auf Brennnesselhorsten an Weinbergsmauern oder Teerstraßen gefangen werden. In diesen Glasflügelzikaden konnten Phytoplasmen\\u000a vom Stolbur Typ I nachgewiesen werden. Wurden die Brennnesseln als eigentliche Wirtspflanze von Phytoplasmen und Hyalesthes obsoletus zur Hauptflugzeit der Glasflügelzikaden zwischen Juni und

Martina Stark-Urnau; Walter K. Kast

2008-01-01

267

Retrograde ethanol infusion in the vein of Marshall: Regional left atrial ablation, vagal denervation and feasibility in humans  

PubMed Central

Background: The vein of Marshall (VOM) is an attractive target during ablation of atrial fibrillation due to its autonomic innervation, its location anterior to the left pulmonary veins and drainage in the coronary sinus. Methods and results: We studied 17 dogs. A coronary sinus venogram showed a VOM in 13, which was successfully cannulated with an angioplasty wire and balloon. In 5 dogs, electroanatomical maps of the left atrium were performed at baseline and after ethanol infusion in the VOM, which demonstrated a new crescent-shaped scar, extending from the annular left atrium towards the posterior wall and left pulmonary veins. In 4 other dogs, effective refractory periods (ERP) were measured at 3 sites in the left atrium, before and after high-frequency bilateral vagal stimulation. The ERP decreased from 113.6±35.0 ms to 82.2±25.4 ms (p<0.05) after vagal stimulation. After VOM ethanol infusion, vagally-mediated ERP decrease was eliminated (from 108.6±24.1 ms to 96.4 ±16.9ms, p=NS). The abolition of vagal effects was limited to sites near the VOM (ERP: 104±14 ms, vs 98.6±12.2 ms post vagal stimulation, p=ns), as opposed to sites remote to VOM (ERP: 107.2±14.9 ms, vs 78.6±14.7ms post vagal stimulation, p<0.05). To test feasibility in humans, 5 patients undergoing pulmonary vein antral isolation had successful VOM cannulation and ethanol infusion: left atrial voltage maps demonstrated new scar involving the infero-posterior left atrial wall extending towards the left pulmonary veins. Conclusions: Ethanol infusion in then VOM achieves significant left atrial tissue ablation, abolishes local vagal responses and is feasible in humans.

Valderrabano, Miguel; Chen, Harvey R.; Sidhu, Jasvinder; Rao, Liyun; Ling, Yuesheng; Khoury, Dirar S.

2009-01-01

268

Fahrzeugschlüssel  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Schlüsseluntersuchungen werden meist von Versicherungen oder Staatsanwaltschaften im Zusammenhang mit der Entwendung von Fahrzeugen in Auftrag gegeben. Neben der Aufgabe, die sichergestellten oder vom Versicherungsnehmer eingereichten Fahrzeugschlüssel auf Vollständigkeit des Schlüsselsatzes zu überprüfen, stellt sich meist die Frage, ob weitere Schlüssel durch Kopieren der Originalschlüssel für das betreffende Fahrzeug hergestellt wurden. Für die Regulierung eines Schadens kann es von Interesse sein, ob die vom Halter angegebene Laufleistung nachvollziehbar ist. Im Einzelfall können je nach Ausführung der Schlüssel weitere Feststellungen getroffen werden.

Garbe, Juergen; Martinsohn, Matthias

269

Macular optical coherence tomography findings following blunt ocular trauma  

PubMed Central

This case report describes the optical coherence tomography (OCT) results of Berlin’s edema in a male subject following blunt ocular trauma from a soccer ball. A 27-year-old male presented with blurred vision in his left eye following blunt trauma. On admission, he underwent a complete eye examination and an OCT of the macula. Fundoscopy revealed commotio retinae, observed as an abnormal cream-colored discoloration of the fovea. The OCT showed outer photoreceptor segment disruption, retinal pigment epithelium inter-digitation, and intra-retinal edema of the outer nuclear layer. Following initial management, a repeat OCT after 3 months showed near complete resolution. OCT can be a useful adjunct for monitoring the progress of Berlin’s edema secondary to blunt ocular trauma because Berlin’s edema may present similarly clinically to other ocular trauma, but can affect different layers of the retina depending on the type of injury to the eye.

Oladiwura, Dilys; Lim, Lik Thai; Ah-kee, Elliott Yann; Scott, James Angus

2014-01-01

270

"Reflections on a Europe of Knowledge": A Working Document from CEDEFOP Discussed by the Management Board at Its Meeting of 13 March 1998 = "Gedanken zu einem Europa des Wissens": Ein Arbeitsdokument des CEDEFOP vom Verwaltungsrat auf seiner Sitzung am 13. Marz 1998 diskutiert = "Reflexions sur une Europe de la connaissance": Un document de travail du CEDEFOP examine par le Conseil d'administration lors de la reunion du 13 mars 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training (CEDEFOP) supports the aims of European Community (EC) activities and initiatives to promote lifelong learning and access to training. To promote competencies and lifelong learning, CEDEFOP has monitored development of lifelong learning skills, clarified main differences in the…

European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, Thessaloniki (Greece).

271

An Investigation of Fecal Volatile Organic Metabolites in Irritable Bowel Syndrome  

PubMed Central

Diagnosing irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) can be a challenge; many clinicians resort to invasive investigations in order to rule out other diseases and reassure their patients. Volatile organic metabolites (VOMs) are emitted from feces; understanding changes in the patterns of these VOMs could aid our understanding of the etiology of the disease and the development of biomarkers, which can assist in the diagnosis of IBS. We report the first comprehensive study of the fecal VOMs patterns in patients with diarrhea-predominant IBS (IBS-D), active Crohn's disease (CD), ulcerative colitis (UC) and healthy controls. 30 patients with IBS-D, 62 with CD, 48 with UC and 109 healthy controls were studied. Diagnosis of IBS-D was made using the Manning criteria and all patients with CD and UC met endoscopic, histologic and/or radiologic criteria. Fecal VOMs were extracted by solid phase microextraction (SPME) and analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). 240 VOMs were identified. Univariate analysis showed that esters of short chain fatty acids, cyclohexanecarboxylic acid and its ester derivatives were associated with IBS-D (p<0.05), while aldehydes were more abundant in IBD (p<0.05). A predictive model, developed by multivariate analysis, separated IBS-D from active CD, UC and healthy controls with a sensitivity of 94%, 96% and 90%; and a specificity of 82%, 80% and 80% respectively (p<0.05). The understanding of the derivation of these VOMs may cast light on the etiology of IBS-D and IBD. These data show that fecal VOMs analyses could contribute to the diagnosis of IBS-D, for which there is no laboratory test, as well as IBD.

Ahmed, Iftikhar; Greenwood, Rosemary; Costello, Ben de Lacy; Ratcliffe, Norman M.; Probert, Chris S.

2013-01-01

272

Tradition for Development: Indigenous Structures and Folk Media in Non-Formal Education. Report and Papers from the International Seminar on The Use of Indigenous Social Structures and Traditional Media in Non-Formal Education and Development (Berlin, West Germany. November 5-12, 1980).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Case studies and seminar reports are provided that were presented at an international seminar to examine field experiences in using a culture-based approach to nonformal education. Part I, containing an introductory paper and nine case studies, focuses on indigenous institutions and processes in health, family planning, agriculture, basic…

Kidd, Ross, Ed.; Colletta, Nat, Ed.

273

Significance of Bone Scintiscanning in Orthopedics. Attempt of an Evaluation with Regard to the Diagnostical Value of Bone Scintiscanning in Connection with Other Clinical Parameters, Illustrated by the Example of the Orthopedic and Physical Therapeutic Department of the Staedtische Rudolf-Virchow-Krankenhaus Berlin (1976-1979).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Bone scintiscanning is a method applied for detecting zones of increased osseous metabolism. Not the focus itself but only the reactive transformation processes are imaged. Therefore it is not possible to give differential diagnostic statements exclusivel...

J. Sperling

1981-01-01

274

Observations on social organization and behaviour of African and Asiatic Wild Asses ( Equus africanus and Equus hemionus) 1 This paper appears with kind permission of Verlag Paul Parey, Berlin and Hamburg. It was originally published in Z. Tierpsychol., 44, 323–331 (1977), ISSN 0044–3573\\/ASTM-Coden: ZETIAG. 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

African and Asiatic Wild Asses (Equus africanus and Equus hemionus) live in unstable groups or herds of variable composition. Some of the adult stallions are territorial in large territories in which they tolerate other ??. The territorial ?? are dominant over all their conspecifics.

Hans Klingel

1998-01-01

275

BIODIVERSITY AND ECOSYSTEM SERVICES FROM A MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTING PERSPECTIVE  

Microsoft Academic Search

This case study deals with accounting for biodiversity and ecosystem services (BES) from the perspective of a wastewater treatment plant in Berlin. This industrial facility belongs to Berliner Wasser Betriebe (BWB), a public water services company owned at 49.9% by the consortium RWE-Veolia Water. This case study falls within Phase 2 of the Orée 's Working Group ' Integrating biodiversity

Gaël GONZALEZ; Joël HOUDET

276

THE FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE-GATHERING OF THE MfS' HAUPTVERWALTUNG AUFKLÄRUNG  

Microsoft Academic Search

Not much more is known about the HVA after the 1989 Revolution than before. The reason is that t he HVA destroyed n early all i ts archives before the mob took over its East Berlin headquarters. After the Revolution o f November 1989 when the Berlin Wall fell down, the HVA documents that hadn't been destroyed were found by

Jérôme Mellon

277

Turning landfill gas into kilowatts  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports that in West Berlin, German waste officials decided to handle their landfill gas problem by building a cogeneration facility to harness the gas energy. The Berlin-Wannsee municipal waste disposal site was opened in 1954 and closed in 1980. The former gravel pit was 33 feet deep and covered 600,000 square yards. It was refilled with 11 million

Feit

1991-01-01

278

Profiles of subjective quality of life in schizophrenic in- and out-patient samples  

Microsoft Academic Search

For the use of subjective quality of life as an evaluation criterion, it should be known if measures are reliable, to what extent they are influenced by other variables and whether differences and similarities can be detected across treatment situations. Quality of life profiles (Berliner Lebensqualitätsprofil\\/Lancashire Quality of Life Profile) of 440 schizophrenic patients (from Berlin, Germany and from Wales,

Wolfgang Kaiser; Stefan Priebe; Wally Barr; Karin Hoffmann; Margarete Isermann; Ute-Ulrike Röder-Wanner; Peter Huxley

1997-01-01

279

Biosignal 2010: Advanced technologies in intensive care and sleep medicine  

Microsoft Academic Search

This focus section of Physiological Measurement follows the international conference Biosignal 2010: Advanced technologies in intensive care and sleep medicine. The conference was hosted at the Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin and the Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin on occasion of their bicentennial and tricentennial, respectively. The event offered an interdisciplinary platform for biomedical engineers, mathematicians, physicists and physicians to develop solutions for monitoring problems

Niels Wessel; Jürgen Kurths; Hagen Malberg; Thomas Penzel

2011-01-01

280

Reflections on My Career as an International Adult Educator.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is the personal narrative of a woman who has spent her career as an international adult educator. The narrative begins with the author's graduate studies in West Berlin in 1975, during which she researched the education and career pathways of professional women in West Berlin's universities. The remainder of the narrative is devoted…

Cassara, Beverly Benner

281

Starterbatterien  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Die Starterbatterie ist ein elektrochemischer Speicher für die vom Generator während des Motorbetriebs erzeugte überschüssige elektrische Energie. Diese gespeicherte Energie wird im Fahrbetrieb in den Phasen benötigt, wenn der Energiebedarf der eingeschalteten Verbraucher größer als die vom Generator erzeugte Energie ist (z. B. im Leerlauf). Die Batterie liefert auch die Energie für die elektrischen Verbraucher bei Motorstillstand sowie für den Startvorgang. Sie ist nach ihrer Entladung immer wieder aufladbar. Es handelt sich also um einen Akkumulator, in diesem Fall um einem Blei-Akkumulator.

Koch, Ingo

282

Enzymatic test for the detection of a riboflavin deficiency. NADPH-dependent glutathione reductase of red blood cells and its activation by FAD in vitro  

Microsoft Academic Search

Zusammenfassung Die NADPH-spezifische Glutathion-reduktaseaktivität hämolysierter Erythrozyten erscheint brauchbar als Parameter zur Erfassung von Riboflavin-mangelzuständen. Die Enzymaktivität wird in vitro durch einen Zusatz von FAD bei Riboflavinmangelratten wesentlich stärker erhöht als bei Kontrollratten. Untersuchungen mit menschlichen Erythrozyten deuten darauf hin, dass auch hier die Aktivierbarkeit des Enzyms durch FAD vom Riboflavinstatus abhängt.

D. Glatzle; F. Weber; O. Wiss

1968-01-01

283

Grundlagen des Dieselmotors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Der Dieselmotor ist ein Selbstzündungsmotor mit innerer Gemischbildung. Die für die Verbrennung benötigte Luft wird im Brennraum hoch verdichtet. Dabei entstehen hohe Temperaturen, bei denen sich der eingespritzte Dieselkraftstoff selbst ent zündet. Die im Dieselkraftstoff enthaltene chemische Energie wird vom Dieselmotor über Wärme in mechanische Arbeit um gesetzt.

Raatz, Thorsten

284

Der dorsale Zwei-Portal-Zugang zur Osteosynthese von Skapulafrakturen  

Microsoft Academic Search

Zusammenfassung Operationsziel Zugang zur dorsalen Skapula (Skapulahals und Schulterpfanne) zur Osteosynthese. Indikationen Instabile Skapulahals- und Schulterpfannenfrakturen des Typs Ideberg, II, III, IV und V. Kontraindikationen Minimal dislozierte und stabile Frakturen des Skapulahalses. Frühphase nach Polytrauma mit respiratorischer Insuffizienz. Persistierende Blutgerinnungsstörung. Operationstechnik Bogenförmige Hautinzision vom Akromion entlang der Spina scapulae bis zum Angulus inferior scapulae. Erstes Portal oberhalb des Musculus infraspinatus

Christof Braun; Rainer Wirbel; Wolf Mutschler

2000-01-01

285

Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bericht über das XXIV. Internationale Wissensehaftiiche Kolloquium (Vortragsreihen B1 bis B3) der Technisehen Hochsehule Ilmenau vom 22. bis 26. 10. 1979 in Ilmenau – DDR. Bericht über die 4. Fachtagung ” Rechnergestützte Optimierung“ am 8. und 9.5 1980 in Karl-Marx-Stadt, DDR.

B. Marx; G. Donath

1980-01-01

286

Zervixkarzinom in der Schwangerschaft  

Microsoft Academic Search

Zusammenfassung Das Zervixkarzinom gehört neben dem Mammakarzinom mit einer Inzidenz von 0,01–0,05% unter den Schwangeren zu den häufigsten Malignomen in der Schwangerschaft. Eine vertikale Metastasierung konnte beim Zervixkarzinom nicht beobachtet werden. Die Symptomatik ist innerhalb und außerhalb der Schwangerschaft vergleichbar. Eine histologische Abklärung ist bei auffälliger Zytologie und Kolposkopie obligat. Die Therapie erfolgt in Abhängigkeit vom Tumorstadium, der Schwangerschaftswoche und

G. Roth; H. Vahrson; U. Lang

2004-01-01

287

Über die morphologische Wirkung verschiedener Chemotherupeutica auf Degranol-empfindlichen und Degranol-resistenten NK\\/Ly Ascites-Tumor  

Microsoft Academic Search

Im Degranolresistenten NK\\/Ly Ascites-Tumor kommen Zeichen einer Zellschädigung (untergehende Zellen, pathologische Mitosen) unter der Einwirkung vom Brom-Degranol, Dibrommannit und Mannit-Myleran kaum und unter Einwirkung von Stickstofflost, Sarcolysin, Endoxan, Thio-TEPA und Mitomycin C in viel geringerem Ausmaß vor als im Degranol-empfindlichen Tumor.

Éva Gåti

1965-01-01

288

Möglicher Einfluß von Immissionen auf die Spurenelementversorgung wildlebender Wiederkäuer: Selen als Beispiel  

Microsoft Academic Search

Großflächige Umwelteinflüsse können auch abgelegene Naturschutzgebiete beeinflussen. Saure Prezipitation, Immissionen von Schwefel und Stickstoffverbindungen und Immissionen und Liberalisierung von Schwermetallen können u. a. die zyklischen Prozesse von Spurenelementen beeinflussen. Die Löslichkeit von Selen (Se) z. B. ist vom pH abhängig. Eine Versäuerung des Bodens reduziert den Selengehalt der Pflanzen und damit der Herbivoren. Sodann wird Se von Schwermetallen gebunden, was

W. T. Flueck

1990-01-01

289

Abschwächung und Aufhebung der lokalanästhesierenden Wirkung des Kokains durch Gewöhnung an Alkohol  

Microsoft Academic Search

Zusammenfassung 1.Äthylalkohol vermag vom Blut aus die lokalanästhesierende Wirkung des Kokains (Lidschlußreflex, Meerschweinchen) im Laufe von Tagen bis Wochen abzuschwächen und sogar völlig aufzuheben, wenn die Tiere an Alkohol gewöhnt werden, während bei ungewöhnten keine Wirkung nachweisbar ist. Diese Erscheinung ist als Funktion des Alkohols, und zwar als periphere pathobiotische Desensibilisierung zu werten und wird mit als ein Beweis dafür

Jan Smilga

1933-01-01

290

Taxonomisch-chorologische Studie über die Art Leucanthemum rotundifolium (W. K.) DC  

Microsoft Academic Search

Die Arbeit befasst sich mit der Nomenklatur, Morphologie, Phytogeographie, Chorologie, Phytozönologie und Ökologie der ArtLeucanthemum rotundifolium (W. K.) DC. innerhalb ihres Gesamtareals. Auf Grund der Analyse aller untersuchten Faktoren werden die Endergebnisse vom\\u000a taxonomischen Gesichtspunkte vorgelegt.L. rotundifolium wird mit der am nächsten verwandten ArtL. vulgare\\u000a Lam. s. l. verglichen.

Václav Zelený

1970-01-01

291

Über den Feinbau des Nebennierenmarkes des Igels ( Erinaceus europaeus L.)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Das Nebennierenmark des Igels (Erinaceus europaeus L.) wurde mit Durchlicht-, Phasenkontrast und Dunkelfeldmikroskopie untersucht. Elektronenmikroskopische Paralleluntersuchungen (Fixierung mit OsO4 und Acrolein-OsO4) sollten zunächst die Natur der sog. paranukleären Körper klären, darüber hinaus unsere Kenntnisse vom Feinbau des Markes der Nebenniere erweitern.

W. Bargmann; E. Lindner

1964-01-01

292

Zur Organisation des Zellkerns von Bacillus megaterium  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vergleichende Untersuchungen an Dünnschnitten durch Bacillus megaterium und den Dinoflagellaten Amphidinium elegans ließen folgende Aussagen über die Struktur des Kernmaterials der Bakterien zu:1.Bac. megaterium enthält zwischen zwei Kernteilungen in der vom Cytoplasma umgebenen Kerngrundsubstanz je ein einziges vollständig spiralisiertes Chromosom mit anscheinend zwei oder entsprechend mehr Chromatiden, wobei die Chromosomenschraubeselbstwiederum einen offenbar schraubigen Aufbau in makromolekularer Größenordnung aufweist.2.Bei der Teilung

P. Giesbrecht; G. Piekarski

1958-01-01

293

Ein einfacher Versuch zur Auffindung eines selektiven Effektes bei der Zerstreuung von Röntgenstrahlen  

Microsoft Academic Search

Zusammenfassung Es wird eine Methode angegeben, die eine sprunghafte Änderung im Beugungsvermögen für Röntgenstrahlen mit großer Empfindlichkeit nachzuweisen gestattet. Sie beruht darauf, daß von der Oktaederebene des Rb Br in erster Ordnung zwar keine Röntgenstrahlung reflektiert wird, welche das Brom- und Rubidiumion in gleicher Weise zerstreuen, die Reflexion aber auftritt, sobald die Strahlung vom Bromion selektiv anders gebeugt wird als

H. Mark; L. Szilard

1925-01-01

294

Experimentelle Untersuchungen zur Virusätiologie der Mycosis fungoides  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aus einige Tage alten Tumoren zweier Patienten mit Mycosis fungoides d'emblée wurden in separaten Untersuchungen jeweils ein infektiöses Agens isoliert, das offenbar einem Virus entspricht und mit dem Erreger der Mycosis fungoides identisch sein kann. Die vom Agens auf der Chorio-Allantois verursachten Proliferationsherde waren histologisch durch äußerst markante proliferative und degenerative Prozesse vorwiegend am Meso- und Ektoderm, weniger Entoderm, gekennzeichnet.

V. Aplas

1957-01-01

295

Das Weltbild der Astronomie  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Inhalt: 1. Das geozentrische Weltbild der Antike und des Mittelalters. 2. Zum heliozentrischen Weltbild. 3. Astronomie und Astrologie. 4. Vom heliozentrischen zum heutigen Weltbild. 5. Die Geburt der Astrophysik. 6. Sterne und Planeten: Das Erschaffen von Neuem. 7. Das Sonnensystem. 8. Galaxien, intergalaktische Materie und die Dunkle Materie. 9. Die Evolution des Universums. 10. Ein spekulativer Blick in den Kosmos.

Nussbaumer, Harry

296

Cardiac risk of coronary patients after reintegration into occupations with heavy physical exertion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Zusammenfassung Die berufliche Wiedereingliederung von Patienten mit koronarer Herzkrankheit (KHK) stellt eine der zentralen Aufgaben der kardiologischen Rehabilitation dar. Besondere berufliche Anforderungen, wie z. B. die Ausübung schwerer körperlicher Arbeit (> 6 METs) könnten jedoch das kardiovaskuläre Risiko erhöhen, da plötzliche, anstrengende Belastungen das relative Risiko für akuten Myokardinfarkt (MI) und kardialen Tod in Abhängigkeit vom körperlichen Fitnessgrad temporär steigern

R. Wolf; F. Habel; M. Heiermann; R. Jäkel; R. Sinn

2005-01-01

297

Method of Distributing Astronomical Predictions  

Microsoft Academic Search

I BEG leave to observe that the very useful method of distributing astronomical predictions over a given geographical area alluded to in NATURE, vol. xiii., page 71, and ascribed there to Mr. W..S. B. Woolhouse, was already proposed by my father, J. J. von Littrow, in his treatise, ``Darstellung der Sonnenfinsterniss vom 7 September, 1820,'' Pest, 1820, as well as

Charles de Littrow

1876-01-01

298

Über die Eliminationsgeschwindigkeit und Kumulationsneigung von Digitalisglykosiden und Strophanthin  

Microsoft Academic Search

Zusammenfassung In einer früher beschriebenen Weise wurde an Kaninchen und Katzen durch Ermittlung der kritischen Infusionsgeschwindigkeit die Eliminationsgröße für Digitoxin bestimmt. Die Versuche zeigten, daß dieses Glykosid schneller vom Organismus unwirksam gemacht wird, als auf Grund der Hatcherschen Kumulationsversuche früher berechnet worden war. Es konnte bei vergleichender Umrechnung der Elimination auf die tödliche Dosis der Glykoside bei den einzelnen Tierarten

L. Lendle

1936-01-01

299

Der ruheumsatz von Vögeln als Funktion der Tageszeit und der Körpergröße  

Microsoft Academic Search

Zusammenfassung Der Umsatz nüchterner, im Dunkeln sitzender Vögel hat einen ausgeprägten Tagesgang; die Sauerstoffaufnahme liegt in der Aktivitätszeit (a) rund 25% höher als in der Ruhezeit (?). Eine Aufarbeitung der in der Literatur mitgeteilten Meßergebnisse zeigt, daß es, zumindest bei Vögeln, möglich und sinnvoll ist, für die Abhängigkeit des Umsatzes vom Körpergewicht zwei nach a- und ?-Werten getrennte Regressionsgeraden zu

J. Aschoff; H. Pohl

1970-01-01

300

Reflected Deck Plan and Deck Plan from Pre2004 Fire and ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Reflected Deck Plan and Deck Plan from Pre-2004 Fire and Existing Condition, 2009 - Boston & Maine Railroad, Berlin Branch Bridge #148.81, Formerly spanning Moose Brook at former Boston & Maine Railroad, Gorham, Coos County, NH

301

12. Historic American Buildings Survey Photocopy of Plate #19 'Wohnhaus ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

12. Historic American Buildings Survey Photocopy of Plate #19 'Wohnhaus W. H. Winslow, River Forest, Ills. 1893' In: Frank Lloyd Wright Ausgefuhrte Baute, Berlin: Ernst Wasmuth A.- G., 1911 - William H. Winslow House, Auvergne Place, River Forest, Cook County, IL

302

Nuclear Engineering and Safety in Northrhine-Westphalia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

On February 10, 1978 the Ministers of the Interior and the Senators for Internal Affairs of the ten Federal states and West Berlin considered and approved guidelines for emergency precautions with regard to nuclear installations. These guidelines regulate...

1980-01-01

303

Limiting the greenhouse effect. Foreign trip report, December 7, 1990-December 14, 1990.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Traveler attended the Dahlem Research Conference organized by the Freien Universitat, Berlin. The subject of the conference was Limiting the Greenhouse Effect: Options for Controlling Atmospheric CO(sub 2) Accumulation. Like all Dahlem workshops, this was...

S. Rayner

1991-01-01

304

8. Historic American Buildings Survey, Plate # 52, 'Wohnhaus Martin, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

8. Historic American Buildings Survey, Plate # 52, 'Wohnhaus Martin, Buffalo, N. Y. Westseite und Einzelheit der Westseite' in Frank Lloyd Wright Ausgefuhrte Bauten (Berlin: Ernst Wasmuth A. G., 1911). - Darwin D. Martin House, 125 Jewett Parkway, Buffalo, Erie County, NY

305

14. Historic American Buildings Survey, Plate # 54, 'Wohnhaus Martin, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

14. Historic American Buildings Survey, Plate # 54, 'Wohnhaus Martin, Buffalo, N. Y. in Frank Lloyd Wright Ausgefuhrte Bauten (Berlin: Ernst Wasmuth A. G., 1911), MR. MARTIN'S SISTER'S HOUSE. - Darwin D. Martin House, 125 Jewett Parkway, Buffalo, Erie County, NY

306

Social Interaction in Learning Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The original publication is available from www.springerlink.com.\\u000aSloep, P. (2009). Social Interaction in Learning Networks. In R. Koper (Ed.), Learning Network Services for Professional Development (pp 13-15). Berlin, Germany: Springer Verlag.

Peter Sloep

2009-01-01

307

Abstraction and Decomposition in Interoperable GIS  

Microsoft Academic Search

ion and Decomposition in Interoperable GISAgn`es VoisardHeinz SchweppeInstitut fur InformatikFreie Universitat BerlinTakustr. 9D-14195 Berlinfvoisard,schweppeg@inf.fu-berlin.deAbstractWith the advent of distributed computing and the increasing trend towards the reuse ofgeographic data, a new generation of geographic information systems (GIS) is currently beingspecified. The key characteristics of these interoperable GIS1are modularity and extensibility,and they are...

Agnès Voisard; Heinz Schweppe

1998-01-01

308

The Structure of the Mixed Alkali Halide Dimer LiNaF_2  

Microsoft Academic Search

The structure and dipole moment of the mixed alkali halide dimer LiNaF2 has been determined by two microwave spectroscopy experiments in Berlin as well as one at NIST footnote A joint publication of both the Berlin and NIST data is in preparation. A large number of both ^7LiNaF2 and ^6LiNaF2 lines have been observed and assigned to an asymmetric top

R. J. Mawhorter; T. Toerring; S. Biermann; J. Hoeft; F. J. Lovas; R. D. Suenram; Y. Kawashima; E. Hirota

1996-01-01

309

The significance of Cern  

SciTech Connect

Le Prof. V.Weisskopf, DG du Cern de 1961 à 1965, est né à Vienne, a fait ses études à Göttingen et a une carrière académique particulièrement riche. Il a travaillé à Berlin, Copenhague et Berlin et est parti aux Etats Unis pour participer au projet Manhattan et était Prof. au MTT jusqu'à 1960. Revenu en Europe, il a été DG du Cern et lui a donné l'impulsion que l'on sait.

None

2006-03-29

310

Ground-Based and Airborne Measurements of Nonmethane Hydrocarbons in BERLIOZ: Analysis and Selected Results  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the Berlin Ozone Experiment BERLIOZ in July–August 1998 quasi-continuous measurements ofC2–C12 nonmethane hydrocarbons (NMHCs) were carried out at 10 sites in and around the city of Berlin using on-line gas-chromatographic systems (GCs) with a temporal resolution of 20–120 minutes. Additional airborne NMHCmeasurements were made using canister sampling on three aircraft and an on-line GC system on a fourth aircraft.

J. Winkler; P. Blank; K. Glaser; J. A. G. Gomes; M. Habram; C. Jambert; W. Jaeschke; S. Konrad; R. Kurtenbach; P. Lenschow; J. C. Lörzer; P. E. Perros; M. Pesch; H. J. Prümke; B. Rappenglück; Th. Schmitz; F. Slemr; A. Volz-Thomas; B. Wickert

2002-01-01

311

The significance of Cern  

ScienceCinema

Le Prof. V.Weisskopf, DG du Cern de 1961 à 1965, est né à Vienne, a fait ses études à Göttingen et a une carrière académique particulièrement riche. Il a travaillé à Berlin, Copenhague et Berlin et est parti aux Etats Unis pour participer au projet Manhattan et était Prof. au MTT jusqu'à 1960. Revenu en Europe, il a été DG du Cern et lui a donné l'impulsion que l'on sait.

None

2011-04-25

312

Bode's Astronomisches Jahrbuch as an international archive journal. (German Title: Bodes Astronomisches Jahrbuch als internationales Archivjournal)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Astronomisches Jahrbuch, published from 1776 onwards by the Royal Academy of Sciences at Berlin, was to include ``a collection of the most recent observations, news, remarks and contributions''. Established by J.H. Lambert and edited for five decades by J.E. Bode, this almanac became from the start a high ranking international publication, with Bode's modest Berlin Observatory serving as a clearinghouse of information originating from virtually all European countries.

Kokott, Wolfgang

313

Crimeblips: web based framework for crime incident analysis and visualization  

Microsoft Academic Search

The crime mapping framework Crimeblibs[1] provides up-to-date crime statistics for neighborhoods throughout Berlin (Germany)[2]. The application maps, visualizes, and analyzes crime incident patterns, allowing users to identify crime hot spots, trends and general patterns. The occurrences, events and data are extracted from public press releases of the City of Berlin Police Department. Bayesian algorithms are used to extract relevant information,

Stefan Kovachev; Patrick Reichert; Hendrik Speck

2008-01-01

314

[Development of a questionnaire to assess user satisfaction of a penal mediation program (CSM-P)].  

PubMed

The aim of the present study is to elaborate an instrument (CSM-P), valid for victims and aggressors, to assess satisfaction of individuals participating in a penal mediation program (VOM). The instrument was administered to a sample of 213 subjects, randomly chosen from the pool of participants in a VOM program of Catalonian Justice Department. Data analysis of the questionnaire shows an internal consistency of .88 (Cronbach's alpha). The dimensionality of the questionnaire is structured in a single factor that accounts for 61.45% of the variance. The instrument has proven its utility for assessing the satisfaction of the participants in a penal mediation program. Validation of the instrument in similar populations should be performed and it should be adapted to other contexts where assessing user satisfaction in a mediation program is necessary. PMID:18674446

Manzano Blanquez, Juan; Soria Verde, Miguel Angel; Armadans Tremolosa, Inmaculada

2008-08-01

315

[Mass disasters in former East Germany--a forensic medicine retrospect].  

PubMed

The authors report the analysis of mass disasters, which had been dealt with by forensic experts, on the territory of the former GDR. The report comes on the initiative of the Society of Forensic Medicine and with the support of regional institutes. For the period 1960 to 1989, 20 events with 738 casualties were registered. The number of victims was particularly high in aviation and rail disasters as well as in the Zwickau mine disaster. The Forensic Institute of the Humboldt-University in Berlin was engaged in the investigation of the three airplane crashes on Berlin territory and near Berlin (Königs-Wusterhausen 1972, Berlin-Bohnsdorf 1986 and Berlin-Schönefeld 1989) as well as of the railway disaster near Lebus in 1977. As a result of the analysis, the experience gained in three decades regarding the planning, organization and realization of the identification of victims is dealt with in more detail. It emphasizes the significance of close cooperation with dentists and criminalists. Because of ethical, legal and criminalistic reasons the aim should always be a complete examination (including autopsy) of the victims as well as their identification. PMID:1489334

Geserick, G; Strauch, H

1992-01-01

316

The European Constitution after the Failure of the Constitutional Treaty  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Zusammenfassung  In einer dem Vertrag von Nizza (2001) beigefügten Erklärung wurde die Notwendigkeit erkannt, das Verfassungssystem der Europäischen\\u000a Union zu überprüfen. Der Vertrag von Nizza und das konventionelle Vertragsrevisionsverfahren wurden besonders heftig kritisiert.\\u000a Die Laeken-Erklärung des Europäischen Rats vom Dezember 2001 verpflichtete die EU, Demokratie, Transparenz und Effektivität\\u000a zu verbessern. Ein europäischer Konvent unter dem Vorsitz des früheren französischen Präsidenten Valéry

Rudolf Streinz

2008-01-01

317

Über den Angstgeruch bei der Hausmaus ( Mus musculus L.)  

Microsoft Academic Search

1.Bei der Hausmaus (Mus musculus L.) konnte eine Fluchtreaktion auf den Geruch eines geängstigten Artgenossen festgestellt werden. Damit kann vom Auftreten eines Angstgeruchs gesprochen werden.2.In Kontrollversuchen zeigt sich die stark anlockende Wirkung des Artgeruchs für Angehörige der gleichen Art.3.Der Angstgeruch wird von den das geängstigte Tier umgebenden Gegenständen aufgenommen, soweit sie mit ihm in Berührung kommen. Er hält unter Versuchsbedingungen

Hansjörg Müller-Velten

1966-01-01

318

Social Bookmarking am Beispiel BibSonomy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

BibSonomy ist ein kooperatives Verschlagwortungssystem (Social Bookmarking System), betrieben vom Fachgebiet Wissensverarbeitung der Universität Kassel. Es erlaubt das Speichern und Organisieren von Web-Lesezeichen und Metadaten für wissenschaftliche Publikationen. In diesem Beitrag beschreiben wir die von BibSonomy bereitgestellte Funktionalität, die dahinter stehende Architektur sowie das zugrunde liegende Datenmodell. Ferner erläutern wir Anwendungsbeispiele und gehen auf Methoden zur Analyse der in BibSonomy und ähnlichen Systemen enthaltenen Daten ein.

Hotho, Andreas; Jäschke, Robert; Benz, Dominik; Grahl, Miranda; Krause, Beate; Schmitz, Christoph; Stumme, Gerd

319

Enhanced purine nucleotide synthesis in erythrocytes of uremic patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Zusammenfassung Erythrozyten von gesunden Kontrollpersonen und von urämischen Patienten wurden im Dichtegradienten in drei Altersklassen getrennt und die Enzyme des Purinnukleotid-Reutilisierungsstoffwechsels bestimmt:1.Bei gleichzeitiger Verminderung der Fraktion der alten Zellen war der Anteil der jüngeren Erythrozyten in den urämischen Patienten um das drei- bis vierfache erhöht.2.In allen Fraktionen der urämischen Erythrozyten waren die spezifischen Aktivitäten der vom Zellalter-abhängigen Enzyme, Phosphoribosyl-1-pyrophosphat (PRPP)-Synthetase,

H. J. Becher; H. J. Weise; U. Volkermann; P. Schollmeyer

1980-01-01

320

Deformation and metamorphism at the South-margin of the Alps, East of Bellinzona, Switzerland  

Microsoft Academic Search

Zusammenfassung  Die Arbeit studiert und korreliert Deformation und Metamorphose der Gesteinsserien am Alpen-S-Rand E von Bellinzona. Magmatische und metamorphe Minerale von Tonalit und Augengneis von Melirolo werden erfa\\\\t, ferner Gesteinstypen ausgegliedert. Beide Körper werden als magmatisch angesehen. Zonierung im Plagioldas wird Aufstieg von Schmelzen und Abkühlung unter Entgasung zugeschrieben. Vom Augengneis nach S abzweigende Subvulkanit-GÄnge wurden gefunden. Die Magmatite sind jungalpin

Wolf Stefan Vogler; Gerhard Voll

1981-01-01

321

Ergebnisse, Schlussfolgerungen und Empfehlungen aus zwei Ringversuchen zum Nachweis und zur Isolierung von Shiga (Vero) Toxin bildenden Escherichia coli (STEC) aus Hackfleischproben  

Microsoft Academic Search

Zusammenfassung  Zur Qualitätssicherung wurden vom Nationalen Referenzlabor für Escherichia coli am BfR in den Jahren 2008 und 2009 zwei Ringversuche (RV2008 und RV2009) zum Nachweis und zur Isolierung von Shiga Toxin\\u000a bildenden Escherichia coli (STEC) aus Hackfleischproben durchgeführt. Am RV2008 beteiligten sich 23, am RV2009 26 Einrichtungen, die sich mit der mikrobiologischen\\u000a Kontrolle von Lebensmitteln befassen. Jeder Teilnehmer erhielt zur Analytik

Lothar BeutinAnnett; Annett Martin; Gladys Krause; Katja Steege; Sabine Haby; Karin Pries; Nadine Albrecht; Angelika Miko; Silke Jahn

2010-01-01

322

Mathematik im Chip-Design  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Chips sind die wohl komplexesten Strukturen, die vom Menschen entworfen und gefertigt wurden. Auf einem kleinen Silizium-Chip von der Größe eines Fingernagels werden heute Milliarden von Transistoren untergebracht, die mit vielen Millionen Verbindungen untereinander verknüpft sind, wobei die Gesamtlänge dieser Netze mehrere Kilometer betragen kann. Abb. 1 zeigt einen kleinen Ausschnitt (˜ 1 Milliardstel) eines Chips mit zweilagiger Verdrahtung im Raster-Tunnel-Mikroskop.

Koehl, Jürgen; Korte, Bernhard; Vygen, Jens

323

ZDF  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Mit Staatsvertrag vom 6. Juni 1961 gründeten die Bundesländer das Zweite Deutsche Fernsehen mit dem Auftrag, neben dem Programm\\u000a der ? ARD ein bundesweites zweites Fernsehprogramm zu veranstalten. Die Gründung war eine Reaktion auf die Pläne der Bundesregierung\\u000a zum Betrieb eines zweiten Fernsehprogramms durch die im Bundesbesitz befindliche Deutschland-Fernsehen GmbH. Sie wurden durch\\u000a mehrere Bundesländer vor dem Bundesverfassungsgericht angefochten und

Hermann-Dieter Schröder

324

Exogenic processes and the origin of the sialic crust  

Microsoft Academic Search

Zusammenfassung  Die sialische Kruste kann sich vom Urmantel entweder durch magmatische Differentiation, durch Teilschmelzen, oder durch exogene Vorgänge abgesondert haben. Verwitterung macht nachweisbar größere Mengen Kieselsäure von basischen Gesteinen frei, ein bisher wenig beachteter Vorgang. Im Proto-Archaikum muß der Ozean einen niedrigen pH gehabt haben. Unter solchen Umständen mußte selbst submarine Verwitterung viel freie Kieselsäure erzeugen. Im Laufe von verhältnismäßig intensiven

C. T. Walker; J. G. Dennis

1983-01-01

325

Ist die Politik (noch) ein männliches Geschäft?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Die vorgezogene Bundestagswahl vom September 2005 war zweifellos von besonderer Bedeutung, denn erstmals in der Geschichte\\u000a der Bundesrepublik Deutschland kandidierte mit der Christdemokratin Angela Merkel nicht nur eine Frau für das Kanzleramt,\\u000a sondern schaffte zugleich den Sprung an die Spitze der Bundesregierung. Dieses durchaus historische Ereignis gibt Anlass zu\\u000a der Frage, wie es zu Beginn des 21. Jahrhunderts insgesamt um

Beate Hoecker

326

Recht, Gesetze und Verfahren als Konfliktregelungsinstrumente  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Durch das Ergebnis der Bundestagswahlen vom 27. September 2009 ging die zweite „Große Koalition“ in der Geschichte der Bundesrepublik\\u000a Deutschland zu Ende. Den Wahlen war trotz der seit einem Jahr andauernden tief greifenden Weltfinanz-und Weltwirtschaftskrise\\u000a ein relativ unspektakulärer Wahlkampf voraus gegangen: In ihm traten Bundeskanzlerin Angela Merkel (CDU) und Vize kanzler\\u000a und Außenminister Frank Walter Steinmeier (SPD) gegeneinander an. Die

Berthold Meyer

327

Alles klar, oder was?  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Die Krise produziert Verlierer und Gewinner. Ein Gewinner ist das schlichte Wörtchen „klar“, das paradoxerweise eher einiges\\u000a verklärt als klärt. Dieses Vernebelungspotential zeigt sich etwa in einem Sommerinterview mit der Bundeskanzlerin in der Frankfurter Allgemeinen Zeitung vom 21. August 2009. Titel: „Wir wollen klare Verhältnisse“. Im Text geht es aber weniger um Inhalte, als um die Frage, wer\\u000a nach Einschätzung

Sabine Kirchhoff; Walter Krämer

328

Behandlung des akuten ST-Hebungsinfarkts in Netzwerkstrukturen  

Microsoft Academic Search

Zusammenfassung  Die erfolgreiche Therapie des akuten Myokardinfarkts (STEMI [ST-Hebungsinfarkt]) erfordert eine schnellstmögliche und komplette\\u000a Revaskularisation, da die Prognose des Infarktpatienten vom Zeitintervall zwischen Gefäßverschluss und Wiedereröffnung mit\\u000a resultierendem normalem Fluss der Infarktarterie abhängt. Die zeitgerechte primäre perkutane Koronarintervention (PPCI) durch\\u000a ein erfahrenes Team ist selbst der prähospitalen Thrombolysetherapie überlegen und wurde von nationalen und internationalen\\u000a Fachgesellschaften zur Therapie der ersten Wahl

Henrik Schneider; Hüseyin Ince; Tim Rehders; Thomas Körber; Frank Weber; Stephan Kische; Tuchaar Chatterjee; Christoph A. Nienaber

2007-01-01

329

Shaken-Baby-Syndrom — Prävention, aber wie?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Das Shaken-Baby-Syndrom (Schütteltrauma, SBS) gehört zu der Gruppe der auf Kindesmisshandlung zurückzuführenden Kopfverletzungen.\\u000a Der häufigste Auslöser für diese Form der Kindesmisshandlung ist lang anhaltendes und unstillbares Schreien eines Säuglings,\\u000a das zu einem Kontrollverlust der Betreuungsperson und zum Schütteln des Kindes im Affekt führen kann (Barr et al., 2006; Reijneveld et al., 2004). Die Lebensphase vom 2. bis 5. Lebensmonat, in

Silke Kramer

330

Erythrocytenisolierung aus Blut mit Baumwolle  

Microsoft Academic Search

Zusammenfassung Für Stoffwechseluntersuchungen an Erythrocyten ist die weitestgehende Elimination der Leuko-und Thrombocyten Voraussetzung, und zwar in Abhängigkeit vom Versuchsziel bis auf 1–0,1 Leuko- bzw. 50 Thrombocyten\\/104 Erythrocyten. Eine derartige Isolierung ist mittels der gebräuchlichen Zentrifugations- und „Wasch“-Verfahren der roten Zellen ohne Reticulocytenverlust unmöglich. Sie gelingt hingegen unter Verwendung von Baumwolle (inauguriert vonFleming, 1926) rasch und mühelos.

D. Busch; K. Pelz

1966-01-01

331

Intraabdominale Radiokolloidinstillation: Indikationen, Komplikationen, Ergebnisse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Zusammenfassung  Die loco-regionre Behandlung der Bauchhhle steht beim Ovarialkarzinom und Tubenkarzinom im Vordergrund. Die intraabdominale\\u000a Radiokolloidinstallation ist dabei ein wichtiger Bestandteil der postoperativen Therapie an der UFK Giessen. Sie kann mit\\u000a Perkutanbestrahlung des kleinen Beckens und\\/oder mit aggressiver Chemotherapie kombiniert werden. Der Trend scheint derzeit\\u000a wegen der Komplikationen vom Radiogold weg und eher zum Radiophosphor als zum Radioyttrium zu gehen.

H. Vahrson

1987-01-01

332

Validierung des NACA-Score anhand objektivierbarer Parameter  

Microsoft Academic Search

Zusammenfassung In einer retrospektiven Studie mit Daten aus 104.962 Primäreinsätzen von 28 Luftrettungszentren der ADAC-Luftrettung und des Bundesinnenministeriums vom 01.01.1999 bis 31.12.2003 wurde die Validität des präklinisch erhobenen NACA-Scores untersucht. Zur Klassifikation der Vitalfunktionen wurde der physiologisch orientierte, für die präklinische Patientenversorgung konzipierte MEES als Score genutzt. Für die Beurteilung der Notfallschwere war der kritischste Messwert für die jeweilige Vitalfunktion

T. Schlechtriemen; K. Burghofer; C. K. Lackner; K. H. Altemeyer

2005-01-01

333

Ökonomische Anwendungen  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Die Integration wird in den Wirtschaftswissenschaften meist angewendet, um vom Grenzverhalten ökonomischer Funktionen auf\\u000a die Funktion selbst zu schließen. Neben dieser unmittelbar aus der Definiton der Integration als Umkehroperation der Differenziation\\u000a ableitbaren Anwendung, die z.B. im Kontext von Kosten-, Umsatz- und Gewinnfunktionen relevant ist, wollen wir uns in diesem\\u000a Abschnitt mit den Themen Produzenten- und Konsumentenrente, Kapitalstock und Investitionen sowie

Benjamin Auer; Franz Seitz

334

Zur Entscheidungsrelevanz der Grenzplankostenrechnung: Relevance lost—or ever had?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Zusammenfassung  Die Grenzplankostenrechnung kommt zum Zweck der Kostenplanung und-kontrolle—mit mehr oder minder größeren Abweichungen vom\\u000a theoretischen Ideal—erfolgreich in Unternehmen zum Einsatz. Auch international wird der Grenzplankostenrechnung zunehmend\\u000a Beachtung geschenkt. Demgegenüber wird in diesem Beitrag die Frage untersucht, ob Unternehmen, die ein Kostenrechnungssystem\\u000a zur Ermittlung entscheidungsrelevanter Kosteninformationen einführen wollen, die Implementierung einer Grenzplankostenrechnung\\u000a empfohlen werden kann. Der vorliegende Beitrag verneint diese Frage.

Robert Obermaier

2006-01-01

335

Atropin-Kokain-Vergiftung. (Selbstmordversuch.)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Zusammenfassung  Fall von Vergiftung durch Genu einer 1%igen Atropin- und Kokainlsung.\\u000a \\u000a Die getrunkene Menge war nicht festzustellen, weshalb fraglich blieb, ob vom Kokain berhaupt ein toxisches Quantum eingenommen\\u000a war.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Symptome: Auer den gewhnlichen krperlichen Erscheinungen — Bewutseinsstrung mit deliranten Zgen (Halluzinationen?, Illusionen,\\u000a Suggestibilitt); Amnesie. Gute Wiederherstellung nach etwa 24 Stunden.

Rudolf Leppien

1932-01-01

336

Abkürzung und Aufhebung der Kokainanästhesie am Auge durch Gewöhnung an Heroin  

Microsoft Academic Search

Zusammenfassung 1.Während Heroin in kleinen Dosen vom Blut aus keinerlei Einfluß auf den Lidschlußreflex normaler Tiere (Meerschweinchen) erkennen läßt, schwächt es beim Gewöhnen daran die örtliche Wirkung des Kokains auf denselben von der 3. Woche an mehr und mehr ab und vermag sie nach im ganzen 6–7 wöchiger Anwendung völlig aufzuheben (Desensibilisierung). Diese Wirkung des Heroins ist peripherer Natur.2.Der Mechanismus

Jan Smilga

1934-01-01

337

Off-Label-Use in der Dermatologie  

Microsoft Academic Search

Zusammenfassung Ärzte befinden sich bei ihren Therapieentscheidungen oft in einem Spannungsverhältnis zwischen ethischen und berufs-, haftungs-, sozial- und leistungsrechtlichen Verpflichtungen. Dies ist vor allem dann schwierig, wenn auf Medikamente außerhalb ihres Zulassungsbereiches—Off-Label—zurückgegriffen werden muss, weil alle bestehenden Therapiemöglichkeiten ausgeschöpft sind. Diese Option ist durch das Bundessozialgerichtsurteil vom März 2002 erheblich erschwert worden. Seitdem darf Off-Label nur noch unter sehr eingeschränkten

V. Brunne; G. Mertins; G. Reimann; N. H. Brockmeyer

2004-01-01

338

Off-Label-Use bei der HIV-Behandlung  

Microsoft Academic Search

Zusammenfassung Bei der HIV-Therapie stellen sich für den Arzt vielfältige Fragen im Hinblick auf die Umsetzung des Urteils des Bundessozialgerichts vom 19.3.2002 zum Off-Label-Use. Vielfach werden im Rahmen der HIV-Therapie Arzneimittel außerhalb der arzneimittelrechtlichen Zulassung angewandt, weil die Wirksamkeit für diese Indikationen durch Studien nachgewiesen werden konnte oder geringere Nebenwirkungen als bei der herkömmlichen Therapie auftreten. Darüber hinaus sind häufig

N. H. Brockmeyer; G. Reimann; U. Heidelmann

2003-01-01

339

Autoradiographische Abbildung von N-Verteilungen mit Festkörperspurdetektoren  

Microsoft Academic Search

Laterale Verteilungen von Stickstoff in Festkörpern können mit Hilfe der nentroneninduzierten Autoradiographie auf Grund der Reaktion N (n, p)C aufgenommen werden. Als Festkörperspurdetektor werden kommerzielle Zellulosenitratfolien vom Typ LR 115 und CA 80—15 und auch selbsthergestellte CN-Folien eingesetzt. Die Ätz- und Bestrahlungsbedingungen werden dargestellt. Aus experimentellen Untersuchungen biologischer Objekte und stickstoffhaltiger Festkörperproben etgab sich für Stickstoff eine untere Nachweisgrenze von

K. Freyer; W. Birkholz; H. C. Treutler; M. Wolff

1978-01-01

340

Hyperlipämie bei malignen Erkrankungen  

Microsoft Academic Search

Zusammenfassung Beschreibung von 2 Kindern mit Hyperlipidämie, die im Verlauf einer malignen Erkrankung manifest wurde (bei Fall 1 akute Monocyten-Leukämie, bei Fall 2 retikuläres Lymphosarkom, ausgehend vom Omentum maius). In beiden Fällen bildete eine milchige Trübung des Nüchtern-Serums das erste Hinweis-Symptom auf Hyperlipidämic. Die Fraktionierung mittels Papierelektrophorese und Dünnschicht-Chromatographie läßt 2 verschiedene Typen der Hyperlipidämie erkennen, die den hereditären Störungen

U. G. Stauffer; W. H. Hitzig; P. Zahler

1970-01-01

341

Spezielle Relativitätstheorie und die klassische Feldtheorie  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Der Autor vermittelt den Lesern in didaktisch eingängiger Weise wichtige Grundlagen des Gebietes ausgehend vom Relativitätsprinzip, der Lorentz-Transformation und deren physikalischen Folgen. Nach relativistischer Mechanik und kinetischer Theorie werden Elektro-, Hydro- und Thermodynamik als klassische Feldtheorien in relativistischem Gewand vorgestellt und Anwendungsbeispiele gegeben. Die Geometrie der Raum-Zeit, die Struktur von Lorentz- und Poincaré-Gruppe und ihrer Darstellungen werden ebenso besprochen wie klassische 1-Teilchen-Gleichungen (Klein-Gordon, Dirac) als Vorstufen zur Feldquantisierung.

Goenner, Hubert

342

Specific detection and determination of azide in wine  

Microsoft Academic Search

Zusammenfassung Die Detektion von Azid in Wein mit Hilfe der Komplexbildung mit Fe(III)-ionen kann zu falsch-positiven Ergebnissen führen. Aus diesem Grunde wurde eine beschriebene HPLC-Methode zur Bestimmung von Azid für die Analyse von Weinproben abgewandelt. Die Proben werden dabei in alkalischem Milieu durch Destillation vom Alkohol befreit, der Rückstand wird angesäuert und ein neues Destillat gesammelt. Davon wird ein Aliquot,

Reto Battaglia; Ji?í Mitiska

1986-01-01

343

Die Eigendarstellung staatlicher Sicherheitsakteure in den Medien. Das Beispiel der Bundeswehr  

Microsoft Academic Search

In der Demokratie ist es schon immer von grundlegender Bedeutung gewesen, staatliches Handeln gegenüber der Bevölkerung zu\\u000a erklären und zu begründen. Diese in Artikel 65 des Grundgesetzes verankerte Grundlage der Informationspflicht staatlicher\\u000a Organe hat das Bundesverfassungsgericht in einer Entscheidung vom 2. März 1977 (Bundesverfassungsgericht 1977: 125) noch einmal\\u000a ausdrücklich als höchsten Auftrag demokratischer Informationsarbeit bestätigt. Dort heißt es: „Eine verantwortliche

Olaf Theiler

344

Neurophysiologie und Morphologie der chronisch isolierten Cortexinsel der Katze: Hirnpotentiale und Neuronentätigkeit einer isolierten Nervenzellpopulation ohne afferente Fasern  

Microsoft Academic Search

1.Kleine, in situ belassene Cortexinseln, die bis auf intakte piale Blutversorgung vom umliegenden Cortex und der weißen Substanz völlig getrennt waren, wurden 2–6 Wochen nach der Isolierung bei sechs Katzen elektrophysiologisch und histologisch untersucht. In diesem Stadium waren alle afferenten Nervenfasern aus Subcortex und anderen Cortexarealen degeneriert.2.In der isolierten Cortexinsel fehlen die rhythmischen Hirnpotentiale mit Alpha-Frequenz sowohl spontan wie auch

Otto Creutzfeldt; Günther Struck

1962-01-01

345

Über Calciunioxalat in Pflanzenzellen  

Microsoft Academic Search

Zusammenfassung Das tetragonale „Calciumoxalat-Trihydrat“ des botanischen Schrifttums ist in Wahrheit Dihydrat, das zusätzlich bis etwa 0,5 Mol Wasser als „zeolithisches“ Wasser aufnehmen kann. Wie dieses Hydrat rein dargestellt werden kann, wird angegeben. Die bisher angenommenen Werte der Lichtbrechung werden berichtigt. Der Kristallsand in den Zellen vonAtropa Belladonna wird röntgenographisch als Whewellit identifiziert. Mit dem vom Verfasser angegebenen Verfahren lassen sich

H. v. Philipsborn

1952-01-01

346

Vorlagefrage des OGH an den EuGH zur Gerichtszuständigkeit nach der Brüssel I-VO bei Verwendung einer österr Marke als AdWord in einer Internet-Suchmaschine, die ihre Leistungen unter verschiedenen länderspezifischen Top-Level-Domains anbietet  

Microsoft Academic Search

Art 5 Nr 3 der VO (EG) 44\\/2001 des Rates vom 22. Dezember 2000 über die gerichtliche Zuständigkeit und die Anerkennung und\\u000a Vollstreckung von Entscheidungen in Zivil- und Handelssachen (Brüssel I-VO): Dem EuGH werden gem Art 267 AEUV (ex-Art 234\\u000a EG) folgende Fragen zur VorabE vorgelegt: 1. Ist die Formulierung \\

Schuhmacher

2011-01-01

347

Eine Isobenzpyrylium-anhydrobase  

Microsoft Academic Search

Das 4',5-Diacetoxy-3',4-dimethoxy-Derivat des 2-(a-Acetopropyl)-benzophenons (V), welches mit Mineralsäuren Ringschluß (unter gleichzeitiger O-Entacetylierung) zu dem entsprechend substituierten Isobenzpyryliumsalz (vom Typ IV) erleidet, schließt in Eisessig erst bei 240° einen ähnlichen Ring. Das Produkt ist ein “inneres” Isobenzpyryliumsalz, entstanden durch Herausspaltung von Methanol, für welches die 1,6-Anhydrobasenstruktur VI bewiesen wird.

Alexander Miiller; Magda Lempert-Sréter

1965-01-01

348

Variability of structures in German intensive care units – a representative, nationwide analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Zusammenfassung  HINTERGRUND: Strukturen in der Intensivmedizin sind charakterisiert durch die vorhandenen humanen und materiellen Ressourcen,\\u000a der Organisation und dem Management. Ein variabler Zusammenhang mit Prozessen und Ergebnissen besteht. Die Strukturen deutscher\\u000a Intensivstationen (ICU) wurden auf der Grundlage einer repräsentativen Querschnittsstudie evaluiert. METHODEN: Die Erhebung\\u000a wurde vom deutschen Kompetenznetz Sepsis (SepNet) durchgeführt. Alle Daten wurden im Rahmen einer prospektiven, repräsentativen\\u000a Querschnittsstudie deutscher

Jürgen Graf; Andrea Reinhold; Frank M. Brunkhorst; Max Ragaller; Konrad Reinhart; Markus Loeffler; Christoph Engel

2010-01-01

349

Re-evalution of “ Typothorax ” meadei , a Late Triassic aetosaur from the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Kurzfassung  Die in Howard County, Texas, USA gefundenen und von Sawin (1947)Typothorax meadei genannten Aetosauria-Exemplare stellen ein neues Genus dar, das wir hier alsLongosuchus einführen. Dieses Genus enthält nur eine einzige Art (L. meadei).Longosuchus ist durch folgende Merkmale charakterisiert: sieben dentale Zähne; ein vom ventralen Rand des lateralen mandibularen Fensters\\u000a ausgeschlossenes Dentale; stachelige Panzerplatten am ganzen Oberkörper und laterale Hörner mit

Adrian P. Hunt; Spencer G. Lucas

1990-01-01

350

Smaller Fleas: Viruses of Microorganisms  

PubMed Central

Life forms can be roughly differentiated into those that are microscopic versus those that are not as well as those that are multicellular and those that, instead, are unicellular. Cellular organisms seem generally able to host viruses, and this propensity carries over to those that are both microscopic and less than truly multicellular. These viruses of microorganisms, or VoMs, in fact exist as the world's most abundant somewhat autonomous genetic entities and include the viruses of domain Bacteria (bacteriophages), the viruses of domain Archaea (archaeal viruses), the viruses of protists, the viruses of microscopic fungi such as yeasts (mycoviruses), and even the viruses of other viruses (satellite viruses). In this paper we provide an introduction to the concept of viruses of microorganisms, a.k.a., viruses of microbes. We provide broad discussion particularly of VoM diversity. VoM diversity currently spans, in total, at least three-dozen virus families. This is roughly ten families per category—bacterial, archaeal, fungal, and protist—with some virus families infecting more than one of these microorganism major taxa. Such estimations, however, will vary with further discovery and taxon assignment and also are dependent upon what forms of life one includes among microorganisms.

Hyman, Paul; Abedon, Stephen T.

2012-01-01

351

Macular optical coherence tomography findings following blunt ocular trauma.  

PubMed

This case report describes the optical coherence tomography (OCT) results of Berlin's edema in a male subject following blunt ocular trauma from a soccer ball. A 27-year-old male presented with blurred vision in his left eye following blunt trauma. On admission, he underwent a complete eye examination and an OCT of the macula. Fundoscopy revealed commotio retinae, observed as an abnormal cream-colored discoloration of the fovea. The OCT showed outer photoreceptor segment disruption, retinal pigment epithelium inter-digitation, and intra-retinal edema of the outer nuclear layer. Following initial management, a repeat OCT after 3 months showed near complete resolution. OCT can be a useful adjunct for monitoring the progress of Berlin's edema secondary to blunt ocular trauma because Berlin's edema may present similarly clinically to other ocular trauma, but can affect different layers of the retina depending on the type of injury to the eye. PMID:24899795

Oladiwura, Dilys; Lim, Lik Thai; Ah-Kee, Elliott Yann; Scott, James Angus

2014-01-01

352

Centennial of a Pioneer in Meteorology, Geophysics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 2004 we celebrate the 100th birthday of a great scientist and a leading proponent of our geophysical disciplines, Hans Ertel, who was formerly professor of geophysics and theoretical mechanics at Humboldt University in Berlin. He was also director of the (German) Institute of Metorology and Geophysics, and vice-president of the German Academy of Sciences; also in Berlin. Ertel was the founder of the Alexander von Humboldt Commission. Under his leadership, and in cooperation with other German academies, a comprehensive collection of letters from and to von Humboldt has been assembled and edited.

Schröder, Wilfried

2004-06-01

353

Calibration of space instrumentation with synchrotron radiation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For many years, synchrotron radiation as emitted from electron storage rings has been established as a versatile tool for photon metrology in the spectral range from ultraviolet radiation to X-rays. In particular, various radiometric techniques have been developed and applied for the calibration of space instrumentation. In this context, the present paper gives an overview of the measurement capabilities of the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt for the calibration of radiation sources, detectors, spectrometers, and optical components at Berlin’s electron storage ring for synchrotron radiation, BESSY II. Moreover, recent examples for the calibration of space instrumentation are discussed.

Richter, M.; Gottwald, A.; Scholze, F.; Thornagel, R.; Ulm, G.

354

Molecular biological features of strains of Histomonas meleagridis.  

PubMed

Berlin strains of Histomonas meleagridis were subcultivated to produce cyst-like stages. These strains were studied for their ITS 1 and 18S rRNA properties and compared with sequences in data banks of other H. meleagridis strains, Dientamoeba fragilis, and some species of the genus Trichomonas and relatives. The Berlin isolates that had previously been shown to be able to develop cyst-like structures (Munsch et al. 2008) represent a significant cluster among the published data of other Histomonas meleagridis isolates and thus the formation of cysts might be a common feature that would open further possibilities of transmission. PMID:19082624

Munsch, Mareike; Mehlhorn, H; Al-Quraishy, Saleh; Lotfi, Abdul-Rahman; Hafez, H M

2009-04-01

355

German infrared and night vision technology: from the beginning until 1945  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Based on the invention of the photocell four German organizations forced the development of electrooptics in Germany: Allgemeine Electrizitaetsgesellschaft in Berlin, Zeiss in Jena, Elektroakustik in Kiel and the German Reichspost in Berlin. The outcome of this effort were: image converters with alkali and semiconductor photocathodes, infrared homing devices for anti aircraft missiles and heat bearing devices. These devices were used for instance in the German tank no. 5 Panther, the anti aircraft missiles Enzian and Schmetterling and for the coastal defense of Denmark. It is interesting to know that the infrared homing device of the sidewinder rocket is based on that of the Enzian.

Krake, M.; Rothe, H.

2010-08-01

356

Preface  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Perovskite, CaTiO3, was discovered and named in 1839 by Gustav Rose, German chemist and mineralogist (1798-1873), the year he was appointed professor at Berlin University. To Rose we owe sanidine (1808), anorthite (1823), and cancrinite (1859) as well. Alexander von Humboldt whom the Tsar of Russia had asked to explore the far reaches of his empire chose Rose as a fellow traveller. Rose's report "Reise nach dem Ural, Altai und dem Kaspischen Meer", was published in Berlin between 1837 and 1842. It is presumably there that Rose first mentioned perovskite.

Navrotsky, Alexandra; Weidner, Donald J.

357

Perovskite: A Structure of Great Interest to Geophysics and Materials Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Perovskite, CaTiO3, was discovered and named in 1839 by Gustav Rose, German chemist and mineralogist (1798-1873), the year he was appointed professor at Berlin University. To Rose we owe sanidine (1808), anorthite (1823), and cancrinite (1859) as well. Alexander von Humboldt whom the Tsar of Russia had asked to explore the far reaches of his empire chose Rose as a fellow traveller. Rose's report "Reise nach dem Ural, Altai und dem Kaspischen Meer", was published in Berlin between 1837 and 1842. It is presumably there that Rose first mentioned perovskite.

Navrotsky, Alexandra; Weidner, Donald J.

358

First Demonstration of Electron Beam Generation and Characterization with an All Superconducting Radio-frequency (SRF) Photoinjector  

SciTech Connect

In preparation for a high brightness, high average current electron source for the energy-recovery linac BERLinPro an all superconducting radio-frequency photoinjector is now in operation at Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin. The aim of this experiment is beam demonstration with a high brightness electron source able to generate sub-ps pulse length electron bunches from a superconducting (SC) cathode film made of Pb coated on the backwall of a Nb SRF cavity. This paper describes the setup of the experiment and first results from beam measurements.

Kamps, T; Barday, R; Jankowiak, A; Knobloch, J; Kugeler, O; Matveenko, A N; Neumann, A; Quast, T; Rudolph, J; Schubert, S G; Volker, J; Kneisel, P; Nietubyc, R; Sekutowicz, J K; Smedley, J; Volkov, V; Weinberg, G

2011-09-01

359

Social Studies Teachers Reflections on Citizenship Education in Bavaria, Germany  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the end of the Second World War, and especially since the fall of the Berlin Wall, European nation-states have had to negotiate tensions around citizenship and belonging as these countries have become increasingly diverse in race, ethnicity, religion, and culture (Preuss 1998). The conflict between heritage-based citizenship laws and continued demographic changes has especially challenged Germany to reconcile its

Debora Hinderliter Ortloff

2009-01-01

360

A Single Health Care System for a Reunified Germany  

Microsoft Academic Search

The signing of the German Reunification Treaty on August 31, 1990, ushered in a new era of German history. For the first time in forty-five years, Germany stood as a united nation. As the Berlin Wall fell, the German people rejoiced; but along with the jubilation came confusion and anxiety as questions of merging the two former nations' political, economic,

Nicole A. Radich

361

Disk Recording and Reproduction  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1878, Thomas Alva Edison built the first working phonograph but it remained for Berliner to bring together the various ideas which charted its future course. Major electroacoustical advances responsible for vast improvement in disk recording and reproduction took place during and after World War I, and into the twenties, such as the concept of mechanical and acoustical impedance, \\

W. S. Bachman; B. B. Bauer; P. C. Goldmark

1962-01-01

362

Contribution of stack gases and solid process wastes to the organic pollutant output of thermal waste treatment plants  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within the scope of fundamental investigations as well as individual research projects (W. Knorr, B. Hentschel, C. Marb, S. Schädel, M. Swerev, O. Vierle, J.-P. Lay, 1999. Rückstände aus der Müllverbrennung – Chancen für eine stoffliche Verwertung von Aschen und Schlacken. Initiativen zum Umweltschutz, 13 ed., Deutsche Bundesstiftung Umwelt, Erich Schmidt, Berlin), the Bavarian State Office for Environmental Protection performs

B Hentschel; H Riedel

2001-01-01

363

Teaching Complementary and Alternative Medicine in a Reform Curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increasing utilization of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) contrasts with a lack of CAM in medical school education. Therefore, CAM therapies were introduced to the Charité University Medical School (Berlin, Germany) reform curriculum. Methods and Results: Teaching concept: A CAM seminar provides basic knowledge about naturopathy, homeopathy, and Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), plus their utilization, empirical research, and underlying

Claudia M. Witt; Benno Brinkhaus; Stefan N. Willich

2006-01-01

364

Regulating Advertisements: The Case of Smoking Cessation Products  

Cancer.gov

Cross-Border Shopping: Implications for Policy Evaluation Dean R. Lillard Cornell University and DIW Berlin TUS-CPS Users’ Workshop Phoenix, AZ June 9, 2009 Department of Public Policy Analysis and Management Outline Cross-border shopping What is it? Where

365

Blood Relatives: Language, Immigration, and Education of Ethnic Returnees in Germany and Japan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 1989, large numbers of "ethnic returnees" have settled in Germany and Japan. After the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989, 2.8 million "Aussiedler," or ethnic German returnees, came to Germany from the former Soviet Union. In Japan, immigration reform driven by low-skill labor shortages induced nearly 300,000 "Nikkeijin," or people of Japanese…

Ortloff, Debora Hinderliter; Frey, Christopher J.

2007-01-01

366

Clean water handbook. Second edition  

SciTech Connect

This handbook provides a comprehensive roadmap to the requirements, legal thinking, and critical issues of water pollution control way--The Clean Water Act. In the Second Edition, Lynn M. Gallagher and Leonard A. Miller, from the law firm of Swidler and Berlin, have written an entirely new handbook to provide the most reliable, compliance information available.

Gallagher, L.M.; Miller, L.A.

1996-01-01

367

Toward the Twenty-first Century: Air Command and Staff College Curriculum from Theory to Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Responding to a perceived need resulting from the collapse of the Soviet Union, the dismantling of the Berlin Wall, and the end of the Cold War, the Air Command and Staff College (ACSC) at Maxwell Air Force Base (Alabama) revised its curriculum. Data for the descriptive study were gathered through interviews of the leadership of the school and…

Butler, Stephen L.

368

Section BB East Elevation Existing Condition in 2009 and Pre2004 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Section B-B East Elevation Existing Condition in 2009 and Pre-2004 Fire, Cast-Iron End Thrust Block, Cast-Iron Thrust Block, Cast-Iron Lateral Shoe - Boston & Maine Railroad, Berlin Branch Bridge #148.81, Formerly spanning Moose Brook at former Boston & Maine Railroad, Gorham, Coos County, NH

369

Hemoglobin mass and peak oxygen uptake in untrained and trained residents of moderate altitude.  

PubMed

Blood composition, hemoglobin mass (CO rebreathing method) and VO2peak were measured in 15 untrained (UT-Bogotá) and 14 trained males (TR-Bogotá) living at 2600 m of altitude, and in 14 untrained lowlanders (UT-Berlin). [Hb] amounted to 15.3 + 0.2(SE) g/dl in UT-Berlin, 17.4 + 0.2 g/dl in UT-Bogotá and 16.0 + 0.2 g/dl in TR-Bogotá. Hb mass was significantly higher in UT-Bogotá (13.2 + 0.4 g/kg, P < 0.01) and in TR-Bogotá (14.7 + 0.5 g/kg, P < 0.001) than in UT-Berlin (11.7 + 0.2 g/kg). In TR-Bogotá also plasma volume was expanded. Erythropoietin concentrations in UT-Bogotá and TR-Bogotá were not significantly increased. There was a positive correlation between blood volume and VO2peak for the pooled values of all subjects, if the oxygen uptake of UT-Berlin was corrected for an ascent to 2600 m. For the Hb mass - VO2peak relation two groups are indicated pointing to two types of altitude acclimatization with different Hb mass increases but similar distribution of aerobic performance capacity. We suggest that different genetic properties in a population of mixed ethnic origin might play a role. PMID:11719892

Böning, D; Rojas, J; Serrato, M; Ulloa, C; Coy, L; Mora, M; Gomez, J; Hütler, M

2001-11-01

370

Honey Bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) as Vectors of Bacillus thuringiensis for Control of Banded Sunflower Moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae)  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study was conducted in 1996 and 1997 to determine if honey bees, Apis mellifera L., could vector Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner variety kurstaki from hives equipped with a pathogen applicator to sunflower capitula and if the amount of B. thuringiensis deposited on the capitula would be sufficient to control the banded sunflower moth, Cochylis hospes Walsingham. The study dem- onstrated

JAWAHAR L. JYOTI; GARY J. BREWER

1999-01-01

371

Parallelpolitik - ja oder nein? Mit einem Konjunkturprogramm gegen die drohende Rezession?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wie sollte der ins Stocken gekommene Konjunkturmotor wieder in Gang gebracht werden? Dr. Gustav Adolf Horn, DIW Berlin, stellt in seinem Beitrag die Empfehlung der Mehrheit der Forschungsinstitute bei der Gemeinschaftsdiagnose vor, die sich für das Vorziehen der nächsten Stufe der Steuerreform von 2003 auf 2002 ausgesprochen hat. Unterstützt wird er darin von Prof. Dr. Norbert Walter, Deutsche Bank Research,

Gustav Adolf Horn; Joachim Scheide; Martin Hüfner; Norbert Walter; Klaus Friedrich

2001-01-01

372

The Context of Discourse Difficulty in Classroom and Clinic: An Update  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In two original articles from the inaugural issue of "Topics in Language Disorders", Berlin, Blank, and Rose proposed a model of dialogue complexity on the basis of a continuum of abstractness defined as perceptual-language distance; Carlson, Gruenewald, and Nyberg proposed a triadic model of academic concepts, student language, and teacher…

Nelson, Nickola Wolf

2005-01-01

373

High-Stakes Testing: Another Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reanalyzed data evaluated by A. Amrein and D. Berliner, using a comparison group of states that did not attach consequences to their statewide tests. States that did attach consequences outperformed states that did not, showing meaningful carryover from attaching consequences to statewide testing. (SLD)

Rosenshine, Barak

2003-01-01

374

Advances in Solid State Physics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present volume 45 of Advances in Solid-State Physics contains the written versions of selected invited lectures from the spring meeting of the Arbeitskreis Festkörperphysik of the Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft in the World Year of Physics 2005, the Einstein Year, which was held from 4 - 11 March 2005 in Berlin, Germany. Many topical talks given at the numerous symposia

Bernhard Kramer

2006-01-01

375

Novice and Expert Physical Education Teachers: They May Think and Decide Differently...But Do They Behave Differently?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine whether varying levels of expertise would produce differences in selected indicators of effective teaching performance. Eighteen elementary physical education teachers were grouped based on stages of pedagogical expertise development as suggested by Berliner (1988). The three groups included…

van der Mars, Hans; And Others

376

Laser altimetry on Bepi Colombo  

Microsoft Academic Search

A consortium led by Physikalisches Institut, Universität Bern and the DLR Institut für Planetenforschung Berlin will be proposing a Laser Altimeter for the upcoming Bepi Colombo mission to Mercury. The Laser Altimeter will be measuring the figure of the planet to 10m accuracy and the topography to an accuracy of 1m with a grid spacing of a few hundred meter

T. Spohn; N. Thomas

2004-01-01

377

NOTES ON NEOTROPICAL TABANIDAE (Diptera), Vll. THE SPECIES DESCRIBED BY C. R. W. WIEDEMANN  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study of the existing type specimens of the Neotropical Tabanidae describ­ ed by Wiedemann resulted in the recognition of types of 72 of the 78 species described, in Copenhagen, Berlin, Frankfurt and Vienna. Lectotypes of 37 species were selected, suggest­ ed, or confirmed. The following new synonymies resulted : Chrysops sublaeta Philip 1955=C. varians var. tardus Wied. 1828; Dichelacera

G. B. Fairchild

378

An additional hadrosaurid specimen (Dinosauria: Ornithischia) from the marine Maastrichtian deposits of the Maastricht area  

Microsoft Academic Search

An isolated dinosaur vertebra from the marine deposits of the Maastrichtian type area, near the city of Maastricht (The Netherlands), collected during the 19th century and kept in the palaeontological collection of the Museum für Naturkunde in Berlin, is described as a caudal vertebra of a hadrosaurid ornithopod. Although it cannot be identified with greater accuracy, this specimen is an

Eric BUFFETAUT

379

13. Historic American Buildings Survey Photocopy of Plate #18 'Wohnhaus ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

13. Historic American Buildings Survey Photocopy of Plate #18 'Wohnhaus W. H. Winslow, River Forest. Eingang und Grundriss' In: Frank Lloyd Wright Ausgefuhrte Baute, Berlin: Ernst Wasmuth A.-G., 1911 - William H. Winslow House, Auvergne Place, River Forest, Cook County, IL

380

One man against the Nazis: Wolfgang Köhler  

Microsoft Academic Search

Documents Köhler's struggle to preserve the Psychiatric Institute of the University of Berlin from the influence of Nazi authorities from 1933 to 1935. It is suggested that, after the Nazi takeover, the young generation of German Gestalt psychologists was effectively wiped out. (3 ref)

Mary Henle

1978-01-01

381

Vorteile und Risiken der Nierentransplantation von verwandten spendern  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Living related kidney transplantation must offer the recipient distinct advantages over cadaveric grafting in order to justify the health risk undertaken by the donor. At Steglitz Medical Center in Berlin from 1970 to 1987 30 such transplantations were performed (5% of all kidney transplantations) where the donor was a relative of the recipient. In cases of haploidentity and positive

A. Schwarz; G. Offermann

1989-01-01

382

Respecting the Evidence: The Achievement Crisis Remains Real.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In their arguments that there is actually no crisis in American education and that students are achieving more than previous generations, David Berliner and Bruce Biddle have ignored or dismissed extensive data on student achievement that demonstrate the failings of the American system. (SLD)

Stedman, Lawrence C.

1996-01-01

383

The Achievement Crisis Is Real: A Review of "The Manufactured Crisis."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In "The Manufactured Crisis," D. Berliner and B. Biddle argue that there has been no decline in achievement test scores, that today's students outperform their parents and do well in international examinations, and that the supposed crisis in American education does not exist. This review refutes all these claims. (SLD)

Stedman, Lawrence C.

1996-01-01

384

Use of Industrial Robots to Deflash Rubber-Metal Parts.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Robots can undertake troublesome and health endangering work from men. The deflashing of rubber-metal-articles is such a work. By the IPK Berlin were made investigations to find out how robots can do this work ingeniously and economically. (ERA citation 1...

W. Felsing

1983-01-01

385

Contribution of combined sewer overflows to trace contaminant loads in urban streams  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study examines the contribution of combined sewer overflows (CSO) to loads and concentrations of trace contaminants in receiving surface water. A simple method to assess the ratio of CSO to wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) effluents was applied to the urban River Spree in Berlin, Germany. The assessment indicated that annual loads are dominated by CSO for substances with

Philip Weyrauch; Andreas Matzinger; Erika Pawlowsky-Reusing; Stephan Plume; Dörthe von Seggern; Bernd Heinzmann; Kai Schroeder; Pascale Rouault

2010-01-01

386

Key Elements of Effective Teaching in the Direct Teaching Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summaries and outlines are presented of key elements in effective teaching identified in research studies by Kounin (1970), Brophy (1973), Brophy and Evertson (1976), Stallings (1974; l975), Berliner (1979), and Good and Grouws (1979). These elements are synthesized in a direct teaching model that delineates the characteristics of effective…

Bruning, Roger H.

387

Midwest Research-to-Practice Conference in Adult, Community, and Continuing Education. Proceedings (Muncie, Indiana, October 3-4, 1986).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following papers are included: "Schoolhouse in the Factory: The Phenomenology of Literacy" (Berlin); "The Self-Directed Learning Projects of Employed, Married Mothers" (Boyce); "The Forever Plan: Adult Men Who Continue in Postsecondary Education Compared with Those Who Drop Out" (Brown); "Burnout and Associated Factors among…

Wood, George S., Jr., Ed.; Wood, Danny, Ed.

388

IMAGE PROCESSING IN SIDE SCAN SONAR IMAGES FOR OBJECT DETECTION AND CLASSIFICATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents recent and planned activities in the area of computer aided detection and classification (CAD \\/ CAC) of mine like objects (MLOs) at the FWG with assistance of FU-Berlin and FGAN-FOM. These investigations are intended to support software for the analysis of side scan sonar images by an operator and to contribute to automatic target recognition (ATR) software

F. Langner; C. Knauer; W. Jans; W. Middelmann

389

Eduard Spranger's Opposition to Higher-Educational Policy in 1933--A Prussian Scholar's Political Action.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses Eduard Spranger's 1933 resignation from the University of Berlin from the internal perspectives of the Ministry of Culture and Spranger himself. Examines how his resignation influenced his subsequent philosophical reflections. Argues Spranger's conflict with university policy resulted in both his political distance from Nazism and a…

Tenorth, Heinz-Elmar

1990-01-01

390

The Universities and Adult Education in Europe. Monographs on Comparative and Area Studies in Adult Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Published as a stimulus to further studies in comparative education and comparative adult education, this book is an English edition of most of the papers presented in June 1978, at an international seminar held in West Berlin on "The Universities and Adult Education: Trends and Perspectives in Europe." The introduction, by Wolfgang Kruger,…

Kulich, Jindra, Ed.; Kruger, Wolfgang, Ed.

391

Evaluating environmental mediation: Mediation in the waste management programme of Neuss County, Germany. Results of a participant survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Little empirically based social scientific research has been carried out with the aim of evaluating mediation procedures. Generally, such procedures are evaluated retrospectively and on the basis of very general criteria (Was an agreement achieved?). The Social Science Research Centre Berlin (WZB) is conducting a research project into mediation procedures in the field of environmental protection, the central object of

Katharina Holzinger

1997-01-01

392

Are High-Quality Schools Enough?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author talks about "the Harlem miracle" described by "New York Times" columnist David Brooks and the big effects produced by no-excuses schools. The author first examines "economic inequality" in Berliner's (2009) more specific terms--seven out-of-school factors that affect achievement. These are: (1) low birth weight (LBW);…

Bracey, Gerald W.

2009-01-01

393

Liberating Schools: Education in the Inner City.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume offers the analysis and suggestions for reform of leading educational experts on the topic of education in the inner cities. An introduction provides an overview of the problems of American education and a proposed solution: educational choice. The 12 chapters are as follows: (1) "The Public School Monopoly: America's Berlin Wall"…

Boaz, David, Ed.

394

11. Historic American Buildings Survey, Plate # 53, 'Wohnhaus Martin, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

11. Historic American Buildings Survey, Plate # 53, 'Wohnhaus Martin, Buffalo, N. Y. Wohnzimmer mit Heizkorper und Beleuchtung' in Frank Lloyd Wright Ausgefuhrte Bauten (Berlin: Ernst Wasmuth A. G., 1911), LIVING ROOM NORTH SIDE, LOOKING TOWARDS DINING ROOM, DOORS TO PORCH AT RIGHT. - Darwin D. Martin House, 125 Jewett Parkway, Buffalo, Erie County, NY

395

12. Historic American Buildings Survey, Plate # 47, 'Wohnhaus Martin, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

12. Historic American Buildings Survey, Plate # 47, 'Wohnhaus Martin, Buffalo, N. Y. Gewachshaus und Heizkorper mit Beleuchtung' in Frank Lloyd Wright Ausgefuhrte Bauten (Berlin: Ernst Wasmuth A. G., 1911), LEFT: BOOKCASE IN LIBRARY OR LIVING ROOM WITH LIGHTS, RIGHT: CONSERVATORY (DEMOLISHED). - Darwin D. Martin House, 125 Jewett Parkway, Buffalo, Erie County, NY

396

Highlights from the ISCB Student Council Symposium 2013  

PubMed Central

This report summarizes the scientific content and activities of the annual symposium organized by the Student Council of the International Society for Computational Biology (ISCB), held in conjunction with the Intelligent Systems for Molecular Biology (ISMB) / European Conference on Computational Biology (ECCB) conference in Berlin, Germany, on July 19, 2013.

2014-01-01

397

Jehovah's Witnesses in Eastern Germany: ‘Reconfigurations’ of Identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the article is to look at the process of ‘reconfiguration’ of Jehovah's Witnesses' identity in the area which comprises the former German Democratic Republic (GDR) and societal and state responses to it. Over 20 years after the fall of the Berlin Wall Jehovah's Witnesses are one of the largest minority religions in eastern Germany. Being a religious

Ma?gorzata Rajtar

2010-01-01

398

Research on Short-Distance Transportation '84.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The contributions in this book are summaries of papers from a status seminar for the research programmes 'Research and Technological Development in Urban Transport' (BMFT) and 'Research on Urban Transport' (BMV), which was held in Berlin on June 27/28, 19...

1984-01-01

399

Academic Freedom: In Justification of a Universal Ideal  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the justification for, and benefits of, academic freedom to academics, students, universities and the world at large. It surveys the development of the concept of academic freedom within Europe, more especially the impact of the reforms at the University of Berlin instigated by Wilhelm von Humboldt. Following from this, the…

Karran, Terence

2009-01-01

400

Victoria's Leading Edge: Australian State Puts Human Capital at the Heart of its Improvement Plans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Principal Wilma Culton's professional development in the last few years has had her setting out for Singapore, conferencing in Canada, and bopping over to Berlin to check out what experts and the best educators around the world know about helping kids learn. The head of a primary school just outside Melbourne, Australia, Culton is a prime…

von Frank, Valerie

2013-01-01

401

Phytoplankton selection in a river–lake system during two decades of changing nutrient supply  

Microsoft Academic Search

Phytoplankton dynamics in Lake Müggelsee, a eutrophic and polymictic lake in Berlin, and in the inflowing lowland River Spree have been comprehensively investigated during the last two decades. Zooplankton dynamics, nutrient supply, light climate, duration of ice cover and of summer stratification have also been regularly measured to help to explain phytoplankton development. The first period (1978–1990) was characterised by

Jan Köhler; Sigrid Hoeg

2000-01-01

402

Odour emissions from an HVAC-system  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the present study, the odour emission of a new HVAC-system in an office building of the Technical University of Berlin has been investigated. The system was built as part of a research project to develop an HVAC-system, which emits low pollution to the supply air. The odour intensity of the air before and after each component of the system

Frank Bitter; Klaus Fitzner

2002-01-01

403

Less is More: How A Reduced Foreign Policy Can Enhance America's National Security.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

We barely stopped to celebrate the end of the Cold War. First, the Berlin Wall came down in 1989. Two years later the Soviet Union dissolved. But our national security strategists took no time off to party. Instead, they issued dour warnings about the new...

R. C. Beer

2000-01-01

404

Oriental Music: A Selected Discography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This discography was prepared at the International Institute for Comparative Music Studies and Documentation in Berlin as a contribution to strengthening material resources useful in teaching about societies and cultures outside the United States and Western Europe. It is not an exhaustive compilation, but a selection of recordings of traditional…

Brunet, Jacques, Ed.

405

Einsatz Aktueller Rundfunknachrichten im Englischunterricht der Mittel- und Oberstufe (Introducing Current Radio News in the Middle and Upper Grades).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents the so-called Humboldt Service (taped segments from the BBC World Service news broadcasts, supplemented with exercise sheets and instructions for the teacher), which was devised by teachers of English in Berlin, and is obtainable from the Business School English Teachers' Association. (IFS/WGA)

Weiss, Eckehart

1980-01-01

406

"The Lengthened Shadow of One Man": The Public Intellectual and the Founding of Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifies five intellectuals who made distinctive contributions to the founding of new universities in England, Germany, and the United States. Institutional and individual biographies profile: Thomas Jefferson (University of Virginia); Wilhelm von Humboldt (University of Berlin); Lord Brougham (University College, University of London); A.D.…

Wyatt, John

1998-01-01

407

Experiences with the Situation Approach in Asia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper relates the experiences of an early childhood professor from the Freie University of Berlin on a trip through East Asia to provide advice and assistance on the situational approach to preschool education. Impressions of the sociopolitical and educational environment and needs of Thailand, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Singapore, Malaysia, and…

Zimmer, Jurgen

408

Issues in social order and social control  

Microsoft Academic Search

This has been a year in which the foundations of social order and social control have been challenged on a number of fronts around the world and in Canada. The Berlin Wall has fallen and initiated a radical transformation of the European political order. Throughout the communist satellite states the past year has witnessed liberation from political tyranny but not

Thomas O'Reilly-Fleming; Ronald Hinch

1990-01-01

409

Statistical downscaling relationships for precipitation in the Netherlands and North Germany  

Microsoft Academic Search

The statistical linkage of daily precipitation to the National Centers for Environment Prediction (NCEP) reanalysis data is described for De Bilt and Maastricht (Netherlands), and for Hamburg, Hanover and Berlin (Germany), using daily data for the period 1968-97. Two separate models were used to describe the daily precipitation at a particular site: an additive logistic model for rainfall occurrence and

Björn-R. Beckmann; T. Adri Buishand

2002-01-01

410

2. Photocopied October 1976, from Theoph Schramke, Description of the ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. Photocopied October 1976, from Theoph Schramke, Description of the New York Croton Aqueduct, New York and Berlin, At the Authors, 1845. 4'x 5' negative CONSTRUCTION DETAILS OF HIGH BRIDGE, SHOWING PIER SECTIONS, ELEVATIONS, AND ARCH CENTERING. - Old Croton Aqueduct, Harlem River Crossing, Spanning Harlem River, Bronx, Bronx County, NY

411

Plasticity of Memory for New Learning in Very Old Age: A Story of Major Loss?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Longitudinal survivors of the Berlin Aging Study (N = 96, mean age = 84 years, range 75–101 years) were instructed and trained in a mnemonic skill to examine plasticity of episodic memory performance in very old age. Performance gains after mnemonic instruction were modest, and most individuals were unable to further enhance their performance during 4 sessions of mnemonic practice.

Tania Singer; Ulman Lindenberger; Paul B. Baltes

2003-01-01

412

Merging information sources to obtain the impact factor of open access journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

More than 230 organisations from all over the world have signed, by spring 2007, the Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities. Scientists are encouraged, if not forced, to publish their research results in open access. An advantage of publishing in open access is a better visibility and a higher rate of citation. But which

Patrick Vanouplines

413

SEROEPIZOOTIOLOGY OF SELECTED INFECTIOUS DISEASE AGENTS IN FREE-LIVING BIRDS OF PREY IN GERMANY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Four hundred forty-eight blood plasma samples from free-living birds of prey from Berlin and the Brandenburg area in eastern Germany were tested for antibodies against New- castle disease virus (NDV), falcon herpesvirus (FHV), owl herpesvirus (OHV), and Chlamydia psittaci. Antibodies to NDV were detected in 6 (2%) of 346 tested diurnal birds of prey, whereas none of the owls (n

Elvira Schettler; Torsten Langgemach; Paul Sommer; Jurgen Streich; Kai Frolich

414

Amperometric detection of morphine at a Prussian blue-modified indium tin oxide electrode  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this work, the electrocatalytic oxidation of morphine (MO) at an optically transparent indium tin oxide (ITO) electrode modified by an electrodeposited Prussian blue (PB) thin film is first demonstrated, and the amperometric detection of MO was then investigated. Experimental results showed that the thin film on the ITO surface, confined to the PB\\/Berlin green (BG) redox pair, can serve

Kuo-Chuan Ho; Chia-Yi Chen; Huan-Cheng Hsu; Lin-Chi Chen; Shu-Chu Shiesh; Xi-Zhang Lin

2004-01-01

415

1. Historic American Buildings Survey PHOTOCOPY of Plate #60 'Wohnhaus ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. Historic American Buildings Survey PHOTOCOPY of Plate #60 'Wohnhaus Oscar Steffens, Birchwood , Illinois 1909' in Frank Lloyd Wright Aufsgefuhrte Baute Berlin: Ernst Wasmuth A.- G. , 1911 View: NORTH AND WEST (FRONT) ELEVATIONS - Oscar Steffens House, 7631 North Sheridan Road, Chicago, Cook County, IL

416

The Idea of the Secondary School in Nineteenth-Century Europe  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The title echoes the well-known phrase "the idea of the university", and European universities have always been seen as institutions with a strong international dimension, developing according to common patterns. In their case, it was the "Humboldtian" model embodied in the University of Berlin founded in 1810 which prevailed. For secondary…

Anderson, Robert

2004-01-01

417

Board level reliability of a waferlevel CSP using stacked solder spheres and a solder support structure (S3)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Developing a CSP at waferlevel is a challenging task with respect to board level reliability. Board level reliability should be achieved in contrast to flip chip technology without underfilling. Of course the target of a CSP manufacturing technology at waferlevel is cost reduction. The S3-Diepack is a waferlevel CSP developed at the Technical University of Berlin within the European ESPRIT

J. Simon; H. Reichl

2000-01-01

418

Defense and Arms Control Studies Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

It is less than five years since the Berlin Wall was breached and less than three since the Soviet Union collapsed. Thus no one should be surprised that the United States has yet to formulate a coherent defense strategy for itself, let alone organize a fr...

1994-01-01

419

Poverty and peace  

Microsoft Academic Search

Only yesterday, it seems, the Berlin Wall was taken to pieces, and academic journals began to bubble with exciting chatter about the end of history. Some decommissioning of nuclear weapons followed, by agreement, but large arsenals remained to rust and rot, leeching poisons into the environment. In previous years, there had been extensive discussions about how we could use the

Ken Coates

1998-01-01

420

Biological Activity of Bacillus thuringiensis and Associated Toxins against the Asian Longhorned Beetle (Coleoptera: Ceram bycidae)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bacillus fhuringiensis Berliner var. tenebrionis and 5. thuringiensis toxins were as- sayed against larval and adult Asian longhorned beetles, Anoplophora glabripennis (A. glabrip- ennis). Preliminary in vitro assays showed some toxins to be active on whole midgut prepara- tions in voltage clamp assays and in assays on brush border membrane vesicles formed from midgut epithelial cells. For in vivo tests,

John D. Podgwaite; Sara Duke

421

Analysis of Work Environment Data from Three Army Field Stations,  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Data from a detailed evaluation of environment conditions in three U.S. Army field stations are presented. Three field stations were evaluated: Kunia, Augsburg, and Berlin. Results from a questionnaire administered to over 600 people at all sites in three...

B. L. Collins A. I. Rubin

1988-01-01

422

Challenging the Curriculum: Exploring the Discipline Boundaries in Art, Design and Media  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review of the 5th International Conference held by the University of the Arts London's Centre for Learning and Teaching in Art and Design, 12 and 13 April 2010 at the Novotel, Tiergarten, Berlin, briefly summarizes the contributions of three keynote speakers, and considers some of the issues they raised. (Contains 1 note.)

Wareing, Shan

2011-01-01

423

BOOK REVIEWS: Quantum electrodynamics of strong fields  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

W. Greiner, B. Muller, and J. Rafelski. Quantum Electrodynamics of Strong Fields. With an introduction into Modern Relativistic Quantum Mechanics, Springer-Verlag, Berlin; Heidelberg; New York; Tokyo, 1985, pp. 594 (Texts and Monographs in Physics/Eds. W. Beiglbock, J. L. Birman, E. H. Lieb, T. Regge, and W. Thirring).

Nikishov, Anatolii I.

1987-06-01

424

Trace element detection by high energy heavy ion induced X-ray emission  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Argon ions from the Van de Graaf isochronous cyclotron for heavy ions (VICKSI) at Berlin were used to bombard targets containing various elements, originating from environmental and biological studies or prepared as calibrating standards. Emitted X-rays from various target backings were investigated. Background and detection sensitivity were compared with XRF and PIXE results on the same targets.

Scheer, J.; Maywald, C.; Rieks, H. H.; Kirschke, P.; Wehrse, R.; Schreiber, P.

425

Transrapid (the first high-speed Maglev train system certified ready for application): Development status and prospects for deployment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Transrapid maglev technology is at the threshold of commercial deployment and technologically all prerequisites for the successful operation of the system in public service are given. In post unification Germany the domestic maglev technology is envisioned to be applied in the Berlin-Hamburg project. At present, a public-private funding concept is being prepared and the lengthy planning process is about

Reinhard F. Luerken

1994-01-01

426

(Limiting the greenhouse effect)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traveler attended the Dahlem Research Conference organized by the Freien Universitat, Berlin. The subject of the conference was Limiting the Greenhouse Effect: Options for Controlling Atmospheric COâ Accumulation. Like all Dahlem workshops, this was a meeting of scientific experts, although the disciplines represented were broader than usual, ranging across anthropology, economics, international relations, forestry, engineering, and atmospheric chemistry. Participation by

Rayner

1991-01-01

427

The Photomontages of John Heartfield: A Provocative Teaching Tool for "Landeskunde."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A case is made for the use of the politically provocative photomontages of Heartfield (a.k.a. Berlin-born Helmut Herzfeld) in the German classroom. The interplay of language, art, culture, and history makes them especially useful as realia. A model for teaching them is presented, including a chronology and nine reproductions. (Author/LB)

Mathieu, Gustave Bording

1992-01-01

428

After the Fall: A Conflict Management Program to Foster Open Society  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The fall of the Berlin Wall rocked the sociopolitical equilibrium of eastern and central Europe. Communism lost its grip over much of Europe. The USSR, Yugoslavia, and Czechoslovakia divided along ethnic, religious, and historical lines. Ethnopolitical tensions surfaced across the region, and in Yugoslavia, tensions combusted. Whereas democracy…

Shapiro, Daniel L.

2004-01-01

429

Air Mobility: The Key to the United States National Security Strategy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Since airlift was first used as a tool of national security during the Berlin Airlift, it has grown to deliver passengers, cargo, and fuel to operations worldwide in support of national security. However, Air Mobility Command is the single organization th...

R. J. Hazdra

2000-01-01

430

German-American Cultural Interaction in the Jacksonian Era: Six Unpublished Letters by Francis Lieber and John Pickering to Wilhelm von Humboldt.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Letters by German-American writer and political scientist Francis Lieber and American lawyer and linguist John Pickering to Wilhem von Humboldt in Berlin, published here for the first time, give insight into the cultural interaction between Germany and the United States during the Jacksonian era, and may open new perspectives for German-American…

Mueller-Vollmer, Kurt

1998-01-01

431

THE CONTRIBUTIONS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL THEORY AND EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH TO THE TEACHING OF FOREIGN LANGUAGES.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS ADDRESS, GIVEN AT THE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON MODERN FOREIGN LANGUAGE TEACHING (BERLIN, SEPTEMBER 1964), PRESENTS A GENERAL DISCUSSION OF THE PRESENT SCOPE, ROLE, AND POTENTIAL USE OF RESEARCH IN FOREIGN LANGUAGE TEACHING METHODOLOGY, AND MAINTAINS THAT THE BEST RESEARCH IS THAT WHICH IS CLOSELY ALLIED WITH THEORY, AND THE HARDEST TO…

CARROLL, JOHN B.

432

ROTC Seeks to Expand on Campuses, and Colleges Cope with a Conflict  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With its forces stretched thin by the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, the Army is looking to significantly expand the number of Reserve Officers' Training Corps programs on college campuses for the first time since the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989, which led the Army to close more than 80 programs. At the University of Maryland-Baltimore County…

Wiedeman, Reeves

2008-01-01

433

Expression of heat-shock protein 90 in glucocorticoid-sensitive and -resistant childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Early reduction of leukaemic cells by chemotherapy is a strong predictor for treatment outcome in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL). In ALL–(Berlin–Frankfurt–Münster) trials, early treatment response is assessed by the in vivo response to glucocorticoids (prednisone response, PR), the molecular background of which is unknown. The intracellular effects of glucocorticoids (GCs) are mediated by the glucocorticoid receptor (GR). In the

M Lauten; C Beger; K Gerdes; G Asgedom; C Kardinal; K Welte; M Schrappe

2003-01-01

434

BACILLUS THURINGIENSIS VAR. KURSTAKI AFFECTS A BENEFICIAL INSECT, THE CINNABAR MOTH (LEPIDOPTERA: ARCTIIDAE)  

EPA Science Inventory

The microbial insecticide bacillus thuringiensis Berliner var. kurstaki is used to control forest pests in regions where tansy ragwort, Senecio jacobaea L. occurs. iological control of this noxious weed may be compromised if the cinnabar moth, Tyria jacobaeae (L), is susceptible ...

435

Academic engaged time  

Microsoft Academic Search

In issue 3.1 of the BJTE (January 1977) Ned Flanders discussed the question of knowledge about teacher effectiveness. He did this by examining what he saw to be the weaknesses of the analyses in the book by Rosenshine on the same subject. In the article which follows Rosenshine and Berliner take up the discussion of important teacher activities. In reply

Barak V. Rosenshine; David C. Berliner

1978-01-01

436

Civilian-Military Relations in Latin America.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

For some time now, there has been debate in academic circles about just how much civilian politicians in Latin America need to know, and do, to control their militaries. David Pion-Berlin, a highly regarded scholar on Latin American civil-military relatio...

J. R. Goetze, T. C. Bruneau

2006-01-01

437

Vocational Training in the European Community 1995. Annual Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During 1995, the European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training (CEDEFOP) was moved from Berlin, Germany, to Thessaloniki, Greece. Despite the burdens of the move, progress was made in the following activities: publishing updated CEDEFOP monographs in a variety of official languages; creating a new network for research cooperation on…

European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, Thessaloniki (Greece).

438

Railroad electrification: past, present, and future History of systems in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although early efforts to propel railway vehicles by primitive batteries date back as far as 1835, the first successful application of electric traction probably occurred in 1879, when a locomotive designed by Dr. Werner von Siemens was operated at an exhibition in Berlin. This priority may be in some dispute, however, since Thomas Edison experimented with an electric locomotive at

Gordon D. Friedlander

1968-01-01

439

Adams, John Couch (1819-92)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Born in Laneast, Cornwall, England, he became fellow and mathematical tutor at Cambridge. He developed a procedure for numerical integration of differential equations and, inspired by MARY SOMERVILLE, he deduced mathematically the existence and location of the planet Neptune from its perturbations on the planet Uranus. Neptune was discovered by JOHANN GALLE in Berlin, in September 1846, using URB...

Murdin, P.

2000-11-01

440

Relevance of soil storage to biomass development, N-mineralisation and microbial activity using the higher plant growth test, ISO 11269-2, for testing of contaminated soils  

Microsoft Academic Search

Higher plant growth tests are recommended to be used for testing soils and soil materials for their ecotoxicological properties. Soil samples from two different sites (LUFA Speyer Standard soil and BBA Berlin, Dahlem) were taken fresh from the field or from a storage site and used in the higher plant growth test, ISO 11269-2. Biomass response after a 3week growth

F Riepert; D Felgentreu

2002-01-01

441

Ley, Willy (1906-69)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Rocket scientist, writer, born in Berlin, Germany. Inspired by reading a work by the space pioneer, HERMANN OBERTH, Ley founded the German Society for Space Travel (1927), enrolled WERNHER VON BRAUN, and helped develop the liquid-fuel rocket. Fled to the USA, and became a science writer, including science fiction and film scripts....

Murdin, P.

2000-11-01

442

Plasma heating by neutral particle beams  

Microsoft Academic Search

From spring meeting of the Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft: pulse ; physics, plasma physics, and gas discharges, quantum optics; Berlin, Germany (9 ; Apr 1973). The heating of a plasma by means of neutral particle beams seems ; feasible, fairly simple, and very effective. The development of the necessary ; particle sources for the present-generation experiments can be taken as concluded.

Junker

1973-01-01

443

The collapse of global public health and why it matters for New York  

Microsoft Academic Search

Modern public health was invented in New York City. The science and policies that form the core of public health arose in London, Paris, Berlin, and Boston at the end of the 19th century, but it was in New York City that bands of sanitarians, germ theory zealots, and progressive political leaders created the world’s first public health infrastructure. From

Laurie Garrett

2001-01-01

444

Exploring the beliefs underpinning drivers’ intentions to comply with speed limits  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using the theory of planned behaviour (TPB; [Ajzen, I. (1985). From intentions to actions: A theory of planned behavior. In J. Kuhl, J. Beckmann (Eds.), Action control: From cognition to behavior (pp. 11–39). Berlin: Springer-Verlag.]) as a theoretical framework, the present study was designed to: (a) identify the beliefs underpinning drivers’ intentions to comply with speed limits, and (b) test

Mark A. Elliott; Christopher J. Armitage; Christopher J. Baughan

2005-01-01

445

Anthropocentrism, Schools, and Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An arrangement of Woody Guthrie's song "This Land is Your Land" was recently voted the most popular song among U.S. music teachers and other educators. This arrangement actually includes only three verses of the song that Guthrie wrote as a parody of Irving Berlin's "God Bless America." Guthrie's original song was a radical statement against…

Gray-Whiteley, Peter

446

Results from the Exoplanet Search Programmes with BEST and TEST  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thueringer Landessternwarte Tautenburg (TLS) has started to operate a small\\u000adedicated telescope - the Tautenburg Exoplanet Search Telescope (TEST) -\\u000asearching for transits of extrasolar planets in photometric time series\\u000aobservations. In a joint effort with the Berlin Exoplanet Search Telescope\\u000a(BEST) operated by the Institut fuer Planetenforschung of the \\

Jochen Eisloeffel; Artie P. Hatzes; Heike Rauer; Holger Voss; Anders Erikson; Philipp Eigmueller; Eike Guenther

2006-01-01

447

Results from the Exoplanet Search Programmes with BEST and TEST  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thüringer Landessternwarte Tautenburg (TLS) has started to operate a small dedicated telescope --- the Tautenburg Exoplanet Search Telescope (TEST) --- searching for transits of extrasolar planets in photometric time series observations. In a joint effort with the Berlin Exoplanet Search Telescope (BEST) operated by the Institut für Planetenforschung of the ``Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR)'' at the Observatoire

J. Eislöffel; A. P. Hatzes; H. Rauer; H. Voss; A. Erikson; P. Eigmüller; E. Guenther

2007-01-01

448

Images of Germany: Past and Present. A Film Collection, Series II Instructional Activities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet offers classroom activities for use with 15 social studies-related films for teaching about Germany. The series of 25-minute films are made available by Deutsche Welle Television and Goethe House New York. Lessons in the booklet include: (1) "Germany Since 1945: A Focus on Berlin"; (2) "'I'll Get You All Out of Here!' A Portrait of…

Blankenship, Glen; Hutcheson, Gwen

449

The Democratic Process: Promises and Challenges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When the Berlin Wall (East Germany) came down, it symbolically foretold the end of the Soviet Union domination of Eastern Europe and Central Asia. This resource guide examines the process toward democratization occurring in those regions. The guide updates the available classroom material on the democratic process. It is divided into three…

Bragaw, Donald, Ed.

450

Business and Global Health in an Era of Globalization: Reflections on Public\\/Private Partnerships as a Cultural Innovation  

Microsoft Academic Search

lobalization seems a lot like the weather at times: we all talk about it, but what can we do to change it? The facts of globalization are undeniable. The internet and mobile telecommunications have an increasing impact on the extent and pace of communications. Media networks bring events in Bangkok into living rooms and offices in Berlin and Boston and

Jeffrey L. Sturchio

2007-01-01

451

Christopher Isherwood Meets Jorge Luis Borges: On the Value of South American Cultures  

Microsoft Academic Search

?In 1949, Christopher Isherwood, the author of Berlin Stories, the source for the musical and film Cabaret, published what is probably his least-known book, The Condor and the Cows, a South American TravelDiary. (The “condor” refers to the Andean countries, the “cows,” less elegantly, to Argentina.) This book, which is fascinating in its portrayal of the cultural environment of the

Juan E. De Castro

2004-01-01

452

The Dartmouth Conference and the Geohistory of the Native Speaker  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Dartmouth conference of 1966 has taken on a legendary stature in the annals of U.S. college composition. In the most familiar accounts (Applebee; Berlin; Harris), Dartmouth provided the stage for a trans-Atlantic encounter of the British growth model and the American curriculum-sequencing model, pitting process and personal growth against the…

Trimbur, John

2008-01-01

453

Status of the HMI-RFQ-injector  

Microsoft Academic Search

The new injector of the ISL (Ionen-Strahl-Labor, Berlin) consists of an RFQ-section and an ECR-source. The RFQ-section consists of two closely coupled VE (variable energy) RFQs. They are designed for direct injection into the cyclotron, with a small energy spread and a duty factor of 100%. The status of the project will be discussed

O. Engels; A. Schempp; W. Pelzer; H. Homeyer; J. Haeuser

1997-01-01

454

Beam tests of the VE-RFQ cyclotron injector  

Microsoft Academic Search

The new VE-RFQ-injector for the cyclotron at HMI in Berlin is now being commissioned. The ECR-source together with the RFQs supply heavy ion beams with 90-360 keV\\/u for q\\/A>0.15 matched to the isochronous cyclotron. Properties of the new injector and results of first beam tests are presented

F. Hollering; O. Engels; A. Schempp; J. Hauser; H. Hohmeyer; W. Pelzer; A. Denker

1999-01-01

455

STEPS to Software Development with Users  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper reports on the methodical approach STEPS, developed at the Technical University of Berlin and tried successfully in participative software development with users. STEPS views software development in its connection to work design. It gives guidance to developers and users for carrying out their cooperation, establishing quality criteria pertaining to software in use and putting them into practice in

Christiane Floyd; Fanny-michaela Reisin; Gerhard Schmidt

1989-01-01

456

Tracking persistent pharmaceutical residues from municipal sewage to drinking water  

Microsoft Academic Search

In urban areas such as Berlin (Germany) with high municipal sewage water discharges and low surface water flows there is a potential risk of drinking water contamination by polar organic compounds when groundwater recharge is used in drinking water production. Thus, some pharmaceutically active compounds (PhACs) are not eliminated completely in the municipal sewage treatment plants (STPs) and they are

Thomas Heberer

2002-01-01

457

Distinguishing Between Laboratory-Reared and Greenhouse and Field-Collected Trichoplusia Ni (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Using the Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism Method  

Microsoft Academic Search

Frequent use of the microbial insecticide, Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki (Berliner) (Bt), in commercial vegetable greenhouses has led to the evolution of resistance in cabbage looper, Trichoplusia ni (Hubner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), populations. Spatial patterns of Bt resistance suggest that resistant moths disperse from greenhouses selected with Bt to neighboring untreated greenhouses. To quantify dispersal patterns in greenhouse and Þeld populations, molecular

Michelle T. Franklin; Judith H. Myers; Carol E. Ritland

2009-01-01

458

Summertime...and Reading Beckons.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a collection of quotes by famous people about reading for enjoyment and personal development. The collection was assembled from a lifetime of fond association with books and reading by the rare-book librarian at the State Library in Berlin, who after Hitler's rise, relocated to the United States and founded the Bettmann Archive in New…

Bettmann, Otto

2000-01-01

459

The Gap between Research and Practice Revisited  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increasingly, teachers--but also parents and politicians--voice dissatisfaction with the divide they experience between research and practice and the resulting minimal impact of teacher education (Ashton, 1996; Barone, Berliner, Blanchard, Casanova, & McGowan, 1996). The problem seems to be perennial. More than a century ago, John Dewey pointed…

Korthagen, Fred A. J.

2007-01-01

460

Color language universality and evolution: On the explanation for basic color terms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the publication of Brent Berlin and Paul Kay's Basic color terms in 1969 there has been continuing debate as to whether or not there are linguistic universals in the restricted domain of color naming. In this paper I am primarily concerned with the attempt to explain the existence of basic color terms in languages. That project utilizes psychological and

Don Dedrick

1996-01-01

461

Transparency without Accountability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Kenya has been going through a period of political reform from 1991 when section 2A of the constitution that had made Kenya a de jure one party state was repealed. The reform followed a prolonged struggle by citizens both within and without the country. Their call for democracy was one that, post the fall of the Berlin wall, was embraced

Mwangi wa Githinji; Frank Holmquist

2011-01-01

462

Reform and Political Impunity in Kenya: Transparency without Accountability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Kenya has been going through a period of political reform since 1991, when section 2A of the constitution, which had made Kenya a de jure one-party state, was repealed. This reform followed a prolonged struggle on the part of citizens both inside and outside the country, and their call for democracy was one that, after the fall of the Berlin

Mwangi wa Githinji; Frank Holmquist

2012-01-01

463

Military Base Closures Since 1988: Status and Employment Changes at the Community and State Level.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

U.S. budget outlays for national defense have declined sharply since the late 1980s, and are expected to continue this decline for several more years. The downsizing of the U.S. armed forces, which began before the fall of the Berlin Wall, has been an imp...

G. H. Siehl E. Knight

1996-01-01

464

World Football League Plays Ethnopolis United. The Problems of Asymmetry and Interoperability in Future War.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In 2009, the NFL expanded to become the World Football League when new franchises were created in London, Berlin, Tokyo and Sydney. An attempt to establish a further team in Paris failed due to cultural problems, the French preferring to retain their own ...

G. McDowall

1998-01-01

465

Cultural Contexts and Scientific Change in Psychology: Kurt Lewin in Iowa  

Microsoft Academic Search

Kurt Lewin’s scientific biography after his 1933 emigration from Nazi Germany and his move to the United States exhibits a complex mix of continuity and change. In his work at the Iowa Child Welfare Research Station between 1935 and 1944, Lewin tried to recreate the scientific microculture that had formed around him in Berlin. In the process, he converted biography

Mitchell G. Ash

1992-01-01

466

CAS CERN Accelerator School. 5. Advanced accelerator physics course. Proceedings. Vol. 2.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The fifth CERN Accelerator School (CAS) advanced course on Accelerator Physics was given at the Paradise Hotel, Rhodes, Greece from 20 September to 1 October 1993. Its syllabus was based on the previous similar courses held at Oxford 1985, Berlin 1987, Up...

S. Turner

1995-01-01

467

Detection of (Reversible) Myocardial Ischemic Injury by Means of Electrical Bioimpedance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The scope of this paper was to determine whether is- chemic and reperfusion damage in cardiac surgery can be detected by measurement of electrical bioimpedance (EBI). Conventional pacing wires were replaced by pacing wires with sputtered irid- ium coating in order to reduce polarization associated with two- electrode impedance measurements. A custom-built bioimpedance analyzer (Osypka Medical GmbH, Berlin, Germany) measured

Fritz Mellert; Kai Winkler; Christian Schneider; Taras Dudykevych; Armin Welz; Markus Osypka; Eberhard Gersing; Claus J. Preusse

2011-01-01

468

A study of the effect of emotional state upon text-independent speaker identification  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we evaluate the effect of the emotional state of a speaker when text-independent speaker identification is performed. The spectral features used for speaker recognition are the Mel-frequency cepstral coefficients, while for the training of the speaker models and testing the system the Gaussian Mixture Models are employed. The tests are performed on the Berlin emotional speech database

Marius Vasile Ghiurcau; Corneliu Rusu; Jaakko Astola

2011-01-01

469

Investigations of sawtooth oscillations with the Greifswald EBIT  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The former Berlin electron-beam ion-trap was moved to Greifswald. One of the first aims after the reinstallation was the continuation of experiments using mixed ensembles of low- and high-Z ions for further studies of the previously reported sawtooth-like oscillations of the trap plasma. First results of these studies for xenon/argon mixtures are presented.

Schabinger, B.; Biedermann, C.; Gierke, S.; Marx, G.; Radtke, R.; Schweikhard, L.

2013-03-01

470

10. Historic American Buildings Survey, Plate # 50, 'Wohnhaus Martin, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

10. Historic American Buildings Survey, Plate # 50, 'Wohnhaus Martin, Buffalo, N. Y. Kamin in Wohnzimmer' in Frank Lloyd Wright Ausgefuhrte Bauten (Berlin: Ernst Wasmuth A. G., 1911), FIREPLACE IN LIVING ROOM, WEST SIDE. - Darwin D. Martin House, 125 Jewett Parkway, Buffalo, Erie County, NY

471

13. Historic American Buildings Survey, Plate # 51, 'Wohnhaus Martin, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

13. Historic American Buildings Survey, Plate # 51, 'Wohnhaus Martin, Buffalo, N. Y. Gesellschaftszimmer und Speisezimmer' in Frank Lloyd Wright Ausgefuhrte Bauten (Berlin: Ernst Wasmuth A. G., 1911), LEFT: RECEPTION ROOM, FIREPLACE ON NORTH WALL, RIGHT: DINING ROOM, VIEW TOWARD NORTHWEST. - Darwin D. Martin House, 125 Jewett Parkway, Buffalo, Erie County, NY

472

9. Historic American Buildings Survey, Plate # 44, 'Wohnhaus Martin, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

9. Historic American Buildings Survey, Plate # 44, 'Wohnhaus Martin, Buffalo, N. Y. Grundriss des Hauptgeschosses' in Frank Lloyd Wright Ausgefuhrte Bauten (Berlin: Ernst Wasmuth A. G., 1911), PLAN OF THE MAIN FLOORS. - Darwin D. Martin House, 125 Jewett Parkway, Buffalo, Erie County, NY

473

15. Historic American Buildings Survey, Plate # 55, 'Wohnhaus Martin, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

15. Historic American Buildings Survey, Plate # 55, 'Wohnhaus Martin, Buffalo, N. Y. Grundrisse des Haupt und Obergeschosses' in Frank Lloyd Wright Ausgefuhrte Bauten (Berlin: Ernst Wasmuth A. G., 1911), PLAN OF THE FIRST AND SECOND FLOORS, MR. MARTIN'S SISTER'S HOUSE. - Darwin D. Martin House, 125 Jewett Parkway, Buffalo, Erie County, NY

474

Multi-Mission Laser Altimeter Data Processing and Storage at DLR\\/TUB  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Institute of Planetary Research (IPR) at DLR has a long tradition in the processing, analysis, and archiving of planetary mapping data. In the past years, we also have become interested in laser altimeter data sets from various planetary missions. Consequently, IPR has joined forces with Technical University of Berlin to develop a system for the processing and storage of

Klaus-Dieter Matz; Thomas Roatsch; Philipp Glaeser; Marita Waehlisch; Frank Scholten; Juergen Oberst; Hiroshi Araki; David Smith

2010-01-01

475

Ley, Willy (1906-69)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rocket scientist, writer, born in Berlin, Germany. Inspired by reading a work by the space pioneer, HERMANN OBERTH, Ley founded the German Society for Space Travel (1927), enrolled WERNHER VON BRAUN, and helped develop the liquid-fuel rocket. Fled to the USA, and became a science writer, including science fiction and film scripts....

P. Murdin

2000-01-01

476

Biological Characteristics of Colicine X  

Microsoft Academic Search

THE name colicine X was given1 to a colicine produced by the strain of Escherichia coli used industrially by Hageda, AG., Berlin-Köln, for the preparation of the emulsion `Mutaflor'. This colicine can be distinguished from other types of colicines by the following characteristics :

J. Papavassiliou

1961-01-01

477

The NAS battery: a multifunction energy storage system  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an overview of the first U.S. demonstration of stationary sodium sulfur (NAS) battery energy storage technology hosted by the American electric power (AEP). The NAS batteries are supplied by NGK insulators, Ltd. in Japan. ABB, Inc. of New Berlin, Wisconsin supplied the power conversion system that integrates direct current (DC) from the NAS battery with the alternating

B. Tamyurek; D. K. Nichols; O. Demirci

2003-01-01

478

Clinical experience with automatic midline echoencephalography: cooperative study of three neurosurgical clinics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computerized midline echoencephalography was developed in order to make the determination of the midline more objective. In a group study involving the neurosurgical clinics in Berlin, Erlangen, and Munich, a total of 1,889 patients with various intracranial diseases was examined by this method. An exact analysis of the results obtained is presented: 18 percent were unsatisfactory.

M Klinger; E Kazner; T Grumme; V Amtenbrink; G Graef; K H Hartmann; H Hopman; W Meese; B Vogel

1975-01-01

479

Computed tomography in intracranial tumors: differential diagnosis and clinical aspects  

Microsoft Academic Search

This impressive volume on the CT appearance of intracranial tumors is based on the broad experience of three German study groups that examined more than 40,000 patients at the University Hospitals of Berlin, Mainz, and Munchen from 1975 to 1980. During that time, 3750 cases of brain tumors and more than 600 cases of orbital lesions were diagnosed with computed

E. Kazner; S. Wende; T. Grumme; W. Lanksch; O. Stochdorph

1982-01-01

480

A Rite of Science Puts on a Public Face  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This week newspapers in Beijing, radios in Brisbane, and television sets in Berlin will all carry stories springing from Room 112, a windowless cell buried within Boston's Hynes Convention Center. More than 600 reporters and producers from media outlets around the world will be buzzing around that news-briefing room and nearby meeting halls, lured…

Monastersky, Richard

2008-01-01

481

Ecoutez bien (Listen Well)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offers an introduction to the organization and content of a brochure on the development of understanding while hearing (Ecoutez bien. Texte zur Entwicklung des verstehenden Hoerens. Collected by E. Vollmer and L. Pohl. Volk und Wissen, Berlin, 1974). (Text is in German.) (IFS/WGA)

Richter, Rolf

1975-01-01

482

Der Ort des Padagogischen: Eine Sammelbesprechung bildungshistorischer Lokal- und Regionalstudien (The Locus of the Pedagogical: A Review of Local and Regional Studies in Educational History).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the range and limitations of local and regional case studies based on studies of the educational history of Berlin (Germany), Jewish school systems under National Socialism, and women's education. Examines their content-related results as well as their systematic significance for research on the history of education (DSK)

Kemnitz, Heidemarie; Tenorth, Heinz-Elmar; Horn, Klaus-Peter

1998-01-01

483

Necrotizing Enterocolitis – 150 Years of Fruitless Search for the Cause  

Microsoft Academic Search

Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is not a new disease but one that has been reported since special care units began to house preterm infants. It was observed in foundling hospitals in Paris [Billard, 1828] and Vienna [Bednar, 1850] and, as it occurred in clusters, was regarded as a nosocomial infection in the infant hospitals of Zurich [Willi, 1944] and Berlin [Ylppö,

Michael Obladen

2009-01-01

484

Basic Color Terms in Estonian Sign Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article is written in the tradition of Brent Berlin and Paul Kay's theory of basic color terms. According to this theory there is a universal inventory of eleven basic color categories from which the basic color terms of any given language are always drawn. The number of basic color terms varies from 2 to 11 and in a language having a fully…

Hollman, Liivi; Sutrop, Urmas

2011-01-01

485

Scrubbing process and chemical equilibria controlling the composition of light hydrocarbons in natural gas discharges: An example from the geothermal fields of El Salvador  

Microsoft Academic Search

The compositional features of fluids from both fumarolic discharges and productive geothermal wells of Ahuachapan-Chipilapa, Berlin-Chinameca, and San Vicente geothermal systems (El Salvador) are described and discussed in order to investigate the complex geochemical interactions involving geothermal fluids within the shallowest part of the hydrothermal circulation pathways. Our results highlight that secondary processes are able to strongly affect and modify

F. Tassi; O. Vaselli; B. Capaccioni; G. Montegrossi; F. Barahona; A. Caprai

2007-01-01

486

Price transmission dynamics between informationally linked securities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper examines whether location of trade matters in the pricing of internationally listed securities by examining the price dynamics of stocks listed on the Greek and the two German stock exchanges, Frankfurt and Berlin. Through the investigation of the various possibilities of short-run and long-run arbitrage profits it is found that the prices of stocks in the German markets

Kate Phylaktis; Gikas Manalis

2005-01-01

487

Production of highly charged ions with an ECRIS using high temperature super-conducting coils  

Microsoft Academic Search

Highly charged ions are widely used in atomic physics, nuclear physics and material science. One requirement to produce highly charged ions for an ECRIS [P. Sortais et al., ECRIS development at GANIL, in: Proceedings of the 12th Int. Conf. on Cyclotrons, Berlin, 1989; P. Sortais et al., in: Proceedings of the Int. Conf. on Ion sources, Berkley 1989, p. 288

C. Bieth; S. Kantas; P. Sortais; D. Kanjilal; G. Rodrigues; S. Milward; S. Harrison; R. Mc Mahon

2005-01-01

488

Acceptability of carrier screening for cystic fibrosis during pregnancy in a German population  

Microsoft Academic Search

A pilot project offering voluntary heterozygote screening for the ?F508 mutation causing cystic fibrosis (CF) to 638 pregnant women attending two antenatal clinics in the eastern part of Berlin was carried out from 1990–1993. Participation was invited using an information leaflet and inclusion in the study was conditional on written informed consent. Of those invited to participate, only one refused

U. Jung; U. Urner; K. Grade; C. Coutelle

1994-01-01

489

Catalog of the coleoptera of America North of Mexico. Family: Curculionidae. Subfamily: Polydrosinae. Tribe: Tanymecini. Agriculture handbook (Research)  

SciTech Connect

The Coleoptera, or beetles, are represented in the world by about 220,000 described species, of which about 24,000 occur in the United States and Canada. A comprehensive taxonomic catalog of beetles for this area has not been available except the series of world-based 'Coleopterorum Catalogus' volumes (1909-present, Junk, Berlin).

Howden, A.T.

1993-09-01

490

BETEUS: Multipoint Teleconferencing over the European ATM Pilot  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a teleconferencing platform that was developed in the course of the Euro- pean project Beteus. The platform features a high-level programming interface that reduces the applica- tion development effort to a minimum. Platform and applications were deployed over the European ATM pilot network between sites in Sophia-Antipolis, Lausanne, Zürich, Geneva and Berlin. One of the major problems

C. Blum; D. Loisel; R. Molva

491

Guidelines to foster interaction in online communities for Learning Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The original publication is available from www.springerlink.com.\\u000aBerlanga, A., Rusman, E., Bitter-Rijpkema, M., & Sloep, P. B. (2009). Guidelines to foster interaction in online communities for Learning Networks. In R. Koper (Ed.), Learning Network Services for Professional Development (pp. 27-42). Berlin, Germany: Springer Verlag.

Adriana Berlanga; Ellen Rusman; Marlies Bitter-Rijpkema; Peter Sloep

2009-01-01

492

Tissues and bone adhesives—historical aspects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Glues and adhesives attach to a surface principally involving molecular attraction, whereas cements mostly work through mechanical interlocking. The adhesive and its degradation products must be biocompatible: chemical, clinical, legal, physical aspects are considered; the toxicity of even minor components must be extremely reduced. The idea of bone bonding using biological materials has been proposed by Gluck, in Berlin, more

M. Donkerwolcke; F. Burny; D. Muster

1998-01-01

493

A balloon-borne experiment to investigate the Martian magnetic field  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Space Research Institute of the Austrian Academy, of Sciences (Graz, Austria in cooperation with MPE (Berlin, Germany), GFZ Potsdam (Obs. Niemegk, Germany) IZMIRAN\\/IOFAN (Moscow, Russian) and IGPP\\/UCLA (Los Angeles, USA) is designing the magnetic field experiment MAGIBAL (MAGnetic field experiment aboard a martian BALloon) to investigate the magnetic field on the surface of Mars. The dual sensor fluxgate magnetometer

K. Schwingenschuh; H. Feldhofer; W. Koren; I. Jernej; M. Stachel; W. Riedler; H. Slamanig; H.-U. Auster; J. Rustenbach; H. K. Fornacon; H. J. Schenk; O. Hillenmaier; G. Haerendel; Ye. Yeroshenko; V. Styashkin; A. Zaroutzky; A. Best; G. Scholz; C. T. Russell; J. Means; D. Pierce; J. G. Luhmann

1996-01-01

494

Corrigenda/Errata.  

PubMed

Brånemark R, Berlin Ö, Hagberg K, Bergh P, Gunterberg B, Rydevik B. A novel osseointegrated percutaneous prosthetic system for the treatment of patients with transfemoral amputation: A prospective study of 51 patients. Bone Joint J 2014;96-B:106-113. PMID:24692628

Haddad, F S

2014-04-01

495

MACHINE LEARNING TECHNIQUES FOR BRAIN-COMPUTER INTERFACES  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review discusses machine learning methods and their application to Brain-Computer Interfacing. A particular fo- cus is placed on feature selection. We also point out com- mon flaws when validating machine learning methods in the context of BCI. Finally we provide a brief overview on the Berlin-Brain Computer Interface (BBCI).

K.-R. Müller; M. Krauledat; G. Dornhege; G. Curio; B. Blankertz

2004-01-01

496

A luminescent mixed-lanthanide-organic framework sensor for decoding different volatile organic molecules.  

PubMed

A flexible tripodal polyaromatic acid (4,4',4?-(((2,4,6-trimethylbenzene-1,3,5-triyl)-tris(methylene))-tris(oxy))tribenzoic acid, H3TCM) was used to adapt the coordination sites of lanthanide ions for the construction of microporous lanthanide-organic frameworks (LOFs) [LnTCM(H2O)2]·3DMF·H2O (Ln-TCM; Ln = La, Eu, and/or Tb). In these LOFs, the emission band of TCM matches well with the excitation energy of lanthanide ions (Eu(3+) and Tb(3+)) which results in high-efficient resonance energy transfer from TCM to lanthanide ions. Moreover, the mixed EuxTb1-x-TCM has tunable pores to adapt different induced-fit-type host-guest interactions which can modulate both the energy transfer efficiency from TCM to Ln(3+) ions and the energy allocation between Eu(3+) and Tb(3+) ions in the luminescence spectra. We demonstrate that the EuxTb1-x-TCM sensor has the capability of decoding different volatile organic molecules (VOMs) with a clearly differentiable and unique emission intensity ratio of (5)D0 ? (7)F2 (Eu(3+), 614 nm) to (5)D4 ? (7)F5 (Tb(3+), 545 nm) transitions for every different VOM. Compared with the traditional absolute emission intensity method, such a self-referencing emission intensity strategy has generated self-calibrating, highly differentiable, and very stable luminescent signals for decoding different VOMs from the unique EuxTb1-x-TCM platform, which has great potential for practical applications. PMID:24892790

Zhan, Chao; Ou, Sha; Zou, Chao; Zhao, Min; Wu, Chuan-De

2014-07-01

497

Die Wirkung als Naturkraft und die Herkunft von Zeit, Raum, Dimensionen, Naturkräften, und Gesetzen von Logik, Geometrie und Physik bei der Entstehung der Welt  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Das Wirkungs-Welt-Modell enthält eine einfache Beschreibung des Anfanges der Welt, wonach, ausgehend vom einfachsten Zustand der logisch notwendigen Bejahung ihrer Existenz innerhalb ihr selbst, alles sukzessiv bewirkt wird, und ihre logischen, geometrischen und physikalischen Eigenschaften Aspekte der Verkörperung und Fortwirkung primordialer Fakten darstellen, ohne externe Schöpfung auszuschließen. Die ersten Dimensionen und sie formal und subjektiv charakterisierenden Größen sind: Informationsmenge und Wirkung, mit abzählbarem Ereignis und Wirkungsquantum; Zeit und Energie, mit deren Planck-Einheiten; Geschwindigkeit oder Strecke und Impuls, mit Lichtgeschwindigkeit oder Planck-Länge; Krümmung oder zwei räumliche Richtungen, mit Gravitationskonstanten, und aus den ihnen entsprechenden primären Naturkräften setzen sich die uns geläufigen zusammen.

Landgraf, Werner

2011-02-01

498

Der Jupiter Crash.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The authors tell the story of comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 from its discovery to the collision with Jupiter in July 1994. They present a first scientific summary and discuss the possibility of a cometary impact on Earth. Contents: 1. Der zerquetschte Komet - die Entdeckungsgeschichte. 2. Die kosmische Perlenschnur - Beschaffenheit, Herkunft. 3. Auf Kollisionskurs: Was wird geschehen? 4. Abschied von Shoemaker-Levy 9 - letzte Vorbereitungen auf die Stunde X. 5. Zehn Tage im Juli - Protokoll einer explosiven Zeit. 6. Vom Datenberg zu neuen Erkenntnissen: Was haben wir gelernt? 7. Die Erde im Visier - kosmische Bombardements in der Vergangenheit. 8. Den kosmischen Bomben auf der Spur.

Fischer, D.; Heuseler, H.

499

Messung soziodemographischer Merkmale im Kinder und Jugendgesundheitssurvey (KiGGS) und ihre Bedeutung am Beispiel der Einschätzung des allgemeinen Gesundheitszustands  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Zusammenfassung\\u000a   Der Kinder- und Jugendgesundheitssurvey (KiGGS) ist ein Befragungs- und Untersuchungssurvey, der von Mai 2003 bis Mai 2006\\u000a vom Robert Koch-Institut (RKI) in 167 fr die Bundesrepublik reprsentativen Stdten und Gemeinden unter der Zielsetzung durchgefhrt\\u000a wurde, erstmals umfassende und bundesweit reprsentative Daten zum Gesundheitszustand von Kindern und Jugendlichen im Alter\\u000a von 0–17 Jahren zu erheben. Die Datenstze der 17.641 Probanden,

M. Lange; P. Kamtsiuris; C. Lange; A. Schaffrath Rosario; H. Stolzenberg; T. Lampert

2007-01-01

500

Die Fadeninjektion  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Die Fadeninjektion ist eine in Entwicklung befindliche neue, minimal invasive Implantationstechnik für metabolisch induktive Werkstoffe. Sie schafft eine Möglichkeit, offenporige Strukturen nach Injektion durch einen dünnen Kanal in den Körper zu implantieren. Der Injektionsvorgang ist schematisch in Abb. 45.1 dargestellt. Der Faden wird während der Injektion vom Trägerfluid über Reibungs- und Druckkräfte kontinuierlich durch den Injektionskanal vorgeschoben und legt sich als makroskopisch offenporige Struktur in der Form eines Fadenknäuels