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1

Kuwait.  

PubMed

The Republic of Kuwait occupies an area of 6,880 square miles at the head of the Persian Gulf, bounded on the north and west by Iraq and on the south by Saudi Arabia. 1.7 million people live in Kuwait, of whom 680,000 are Kuwaitis; the rest are expatriate Arabs, Iranians, and Indians. The annual growth rate of Kuwaitis is 3.8%. The Kuwaitis are 70% Sunni and 30% Shi'a Muslims. Arabic is the official language, but English is widely spoken. Kuwait is a highly developed welfare state with a free market economy. Education is free and compulsory, and literacy is 71%. Infant mortality among Kuwaitis is 26.1/1000, and life expectancy is 70 years. Medical care is free. Kuwait was first settled by Arab tribes from Qatar. In 1899 the ruler, Sheikh Mubarak Al Sabah, whose descendents still rule Kuwait, signed a treaty with Britain; and Kuwait remained a British protectorate until it became independent in 1961. A constitution was promulgated in 1962, and a National Assembly was elected by adult male suffrage in 1963. However, the Assembly has since been suspended due to internal friction. Kuwait and Iraq have been disputing Kuwait's northern border since 1913, and the southern border includes a Divided Zone, where sovereignty is disputed by Kuwait and Saudi Arabia. Despite the fall in oil prices in 1982 and the loss of trade due to the Iran-Iraq war, Kuwait is one of the world's wealthiest countries with a per capita gross domestic product of $10,175. Oil accounts for 85% of Kuwait's exports, which total $7.42 billion; income from foreign investments (about $60 billion) makes up most of the balance. All petroleum-related activities are managed by the Kuwait Petroleum Corporation (KPC), which includes the nationalized Kuwait Oil Company, petrochemical industries, the 22-vessel tanker fleet, and refineries and service stations in Europe, where Kuwaiti oil is marketed under the brand name Q8. Kuwait has more than 66 billion barrels of recoverable oil but limits production to 999,000 barrels per day. Other industrial products include ammonia, chemical fertilizers, fishing and water desalinization (215 million gallons a day). Kuwait imports machinery, manufactured goods, and food. Nevertheless exports exceed imports by $2 billion, and the Kuwaiti dinar is a strong currency (1 KD=US$3.57). About $75 billion is kept in 2 reserve funds: the Fund for Future Generations and the General Reserve Fund. In addition to domestic expenditures and imports, Kuwait has extended $5 billion worth of loans to developing countries, made through the Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Development. Kuwait has been engaged in continuing border disputes with Iraq since 1961, but the most immediate threat to Kuwait has been the Iran-Iraq war. Kuwait lent Iraq $6 billion, in retaliation for which Iran bombed a Kuwaiti oil depot, and Shi'a Muslim terrorists bombed the French and US embassies and hijacked a Kuwaiti airliner in 1984. Iran also attacked Kuwaiti tankers. In 1987 the US reflagged 11 Kuwaiti tankers to protect them from Iranian attacks. Kuwait has been modernizing its own military forces as well as purchasing sophisticated weapons from the UK, the US, France, and the USSR. In 1981 Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates and Oman formed the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) for mutual defense, and in 1987 Kuwait was elected chairman of the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC). Kuwait has diplomatic relations with the USSR and the People's Republic of China, as well as with the US, which has supplied Kuwait with $1.5 billion of sophisticated weaponry from foreign military sales (FMC). The US is Kuwait's largest supplier (after Japan), and Kuwait is the 5th largest market in the Middle East for US goods, despite the disincentives brought about by the Arab boycott of Israel. PMID:12177972

1988-03-01

2

Potential Benefits to the State of Qatar from Membership in the GCC Customs Union  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses cointegration and regression analyses to assess potential benefits to the State of Qatar from the recently established Customs Union between the six member states of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC): Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the Unitesd Arab Emirates. This assessment is based on an analysis of the long-term relationship between Qatar Intra-trade with other

Mokhtar M Metwally

2002-01-01

3

The Admission and Academic Placement of Students from: Bahrain, Oman, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Yemen Arab Republic.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Information is provided on the educational systems of Bahrain, Oman, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, and the Yemen Arab Republic in order to assist U.S. colleges and universities as they work with international student agencies and representatives from these countries. For each country, placement recommendations are offered, along with notes to…

Johnson, J. K., Ed.

4

Situation Report--Argentina, Colombia, Cyprus, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libyan Arab Republic, Oman, Syrian Arab Republic, and Uruguay.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Data relating to pupulation and family planning in nine foreign countries are presented in these situation reports. Countries included are Argentina, Colombia, Cyprus, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libyan Arab Republic, Oman, Syrian Arab Republic, and Uruguay. Information is provided under two topics, general background and family planning situation, where…

International Planned Parenthood Federation, London (England).

5

Situation Report--Argentina, Colombia, Cyprus, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libyan Arab Republic, Oman, Syrian Arab Republic, and Uruguay.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data relating to pupulation and family planning in nine foreign countries are presented in these situation reports. Countries included are Argentina, Colombia, Cyprus, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libyan Arab Republic, Oman, Syrian Arab Republic, and Uruguay. Information is provided under two topics, general background and family planning situation, where…

International Planned Parenthood Federation, London (England).

6

Patterns of state building in the Arabian Gulf: Kuwait and Qatar  

SciTech Connect

In the past few decades Kuwait and Qatar have experienced a radial but apparently smoothly transition from protectorate poverty to petroleum prosperity. Rapid economic and social changes have been accompanied by remarkable political continuity at the apex of their systems. This thesis examines this apparent continuity in ruling regimes. Oil revenues, it argues, preserved continuity only at the very apex of the political system. This continuity was accompanied by the breakdown of the historical ruling coalition binding the amirs and the trading families and its replacement by a new, but ultimately precarious, set of coalitions: first, between the amir and the national population, through social services and direct transfers; second, between the amir and the ruling family, whose political role expanded. These changes were the result of oil: by freeing rulers from the need to extract resources from the population, oil freed them from their historical economic hence political dependence on the merchants, the group which had historically pressed its claims most effectively on the state. Instead a tacit deal developed between the amirs and the trading families: a trade of wealth for formal power. Finally, the thesis argues that these new arrangements are only transitional adaptations. Distributive policies designed to ensure domestic peace have inadvertantly created relatively large and complex state administrations, or distributive states.

Crystal, J.

1986-01-01

7

Qatar.  

PubMed

Qatar is an oil-exporting Arab country that juts out from the north coast of Saudi Arabia into the Persian Gulf. Fewer than half of the 320,000 population are Arabs, however, most are Pakistani, Indian, Iranian and Egyptian foreign workers. Education is compulsory to age 16, and 60% are literate. Oil and refined petroleum products account for the $2 billion trade surplus, amounting to a $27,000 annual per capita income. The government is centralized and run by consensus under the Amir, head of the Al Thani, or ruling family. Political parties are banned. Qatar is evolving from a traditional to a modern welfare state. PMID:12177955

1987-11-01

8

Facing Human Capital Challenges of the 21st Century: Education and Labor Market Initiatives in Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Countries in the Arab region are faced with the challenge of developing their populations' skills and technical knowledge, or human capital, in order to compete in the 21st century global economy. The authors describe the education and labor market initiatives implemented or under way in four countries in the Arab region -- Lebanon, Oman, Qatar,…

Gonzalez, Gabriella; Karoly, Lynn A.; Constant, Louay; Salem, Hanine; Goldman, Charles A.

2008-01-01

9

Species, sex, size and male maturity composition of previously unreported elasmobranch landings in Kuwait, Qatar and Abu Dhabi Emirate.  

PubMed

This paper presents data from the first major survey of the diversity, biology and fisheries of elasmobranchs in the Persian (Arabian) Gulf. Substantial landings of elasmobranchs, usually as gillnet by-catch, were recorded in Kuwait, Qatar and the Emirate of Abu Dhabi (part of the United Arab Emirates), although larger elasmobranchs from targeted line fisheries were landed in Abu Dhabi. The elasmobranch fauna recorded was distinctive and included species that are undescribed, rare and have a highly restricted known distribution. Numerical abundance was dominated by sharks (c. 80%), of which carcharhinids were by far the most important. The milk shark Rhizoprionodon acutus and whitecheek shark Carcharhinus dussumieri together comprised just under half of all recorded individuals. Around 90% of recorded sharks were small (50-90 cm total length, L(T) ) individuals, most of which were mature individuals of species with a small maximum size (<100 cm L(T) ), although immature individuals of larger species (e.g. Carcharhinus sorrah and other Carcharhinus spp.) were also important. The most frequently recorded batoid taxa were cownose rays Rhinoptera spp., an undescribed whipray, and the granulated guitarfish Rhinobatos granulatus. The first size, sex and maturity data for a wide range of Gulf elasmobranch species are presented (including L(T) at 50% maturity for males of four shark species) and include some notable differences from other locations in the Indo-West Pacific Ocean. A number of concerns regarding the sustainability of the fishery were highlighted by this study, notably that most of the batoid species recorded are classed by the IUCN Red List as vulnerable, endangered, data deficient or not evaluated. Despite their considerable elasmobranch landings, none of the three countries sampled have developed a 'Shark Plan' as encouraged to do so under the FAO International Plan of Action: Sharks. Furthermore, Kuwait and Qatar currently report zero or no elasmobranch landings to the FAO. PMID:22497401

Moore, A B M; McCarthy, I D; Carvalho, G R; Peirce, R

2012-02-21

10

Qatar.  

PubMed

Qatar is a country of 11,437 sq. km with 400,000 inhabitants, of whom 65% are literate. Independence was gained on September 3, 1971. The terrain consists of flat, barren desert, with a hot and dry climate. Arabic and English are spoken by Arab, South Asian, and Iranian ethnic groups who are largely of the Islamic faith. Life expectancy is 58 years. The gross domestic product is $5.2 billion, growing at a rate of 4%. Per capita income is $13,000. The country's natural resources include petroleum, natural gas, and fish. Oil production, refining, natural gas development, fishing, cement, power/desalinization plants, petrochemicals, steel, and fertilizers are areas of economic production. Industrial and consumer goods are imported and oil is exported. In-depth information is also given on the people and history, government and principal officials, political conditions, the economy, defense, foreign relations, relations with the US, and names of principal US officials in the country. PMID:12178044

1992-04-01

11

47 CFR 2.106 - Table of Frequency Allocations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Kuwait, Lebanon, Madagascar, Malaysia, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, the Philippines...Mali, Morocco, Mauritania, Nepal, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Syrian Arab...Kuwait, Lebanon, Liberia, Malaysia, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Syrian...

2012-10-01

12

Demersal Fisheries of the Arabian Sea, the Gulf of Oman and the Arabian Gulf  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The demersal fisheries of the Arabian Sea, the Gulf of Oman and the Arabian Gulf are reviewed. The region comprises eight countries: Oman, United Arab Emirates (U.A.E.), Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Kuwait, Iraq and Iran. Over 350 commercial fish species, eight shrimp species, two spiny lobster species, one shovel nose lobster species, one cuttlefish species, one crab species, and one abalone species support the demersal fisheries in the continental shelves of the three regions. Artisanal and industrial vessels with over 120 000 fishermen were involved in demersal fisheries. Fishing boats include fish and shrimp trawlers (wooden and steel hulled), large wooden boats (dhow) with inboard engines, small dhows with outboard engines, and fibreglass boats. Fishing gear consists of trawls, bottom gill nets, traps (wire mesh and plastic types), barrier traps, hand lines, and bare hands and knives (to dislodge abalone). Demersal fish (primarily Lethrinidae, Sparidae, Serranidae, Siganidae, Sciaenidae, Stromateidae, Lutjanidae, Trichiuridae, and Nemipteridae) and shrimp (primarily Penaeus semisulcatus, Metapenaeus affinis, Parapenaeopsis stylifera, and Penaeus merguiensis) were the two commercial demersal resources. Approximately 198 000-214 000 tonnes (t) of demersals were landed annually during 1988-1993, accounting for nearly 40% of the total marine landings (475 000-552 000 t). This percentage, however varied among countries: 25% in Oman, 32% in U.A.E., 71% in Qatar, 52% in Saudi Arabia, 56% in Bahrain, 55% in Kuwait, close to 100% in Iraq, and 41% in Iran. Fishing effort on certain stocks may have been below the optimum level (e.g. certain Omani demersal fish), near the optimum level (e.g. Omani shrimp), or above the optimum level (e.g. Arabian Gulf shrimp and demersal fish). Overexploitation led to restriction of fishing effort by limiting fishing licences, regulating fishing gear (mesh size) and capture size, closing fishing areas, restricting fishing season, and banning certain fisheries. However, fisheries management was hampered by lack of appropriate management regulations, enforcement and data on most stocks. Pollution and degradation of nursery areas were also affecting the productivity of fisheries resources. To achieve sustainable demersal fisheries, maintaining a healthy marine environment, reducing fishing effort, and strictly enforcing closed seasons and closed areas are needed. These measures are being implemented with varying degrees of success by all the countries.

Siddeek, M. S. M.; Fouda, M. M.; Hermosa, G. V.

1999-08-01

13

Tackling cancer burden in the Middle East: Qatar as an example.  

PubMed

Cancer prevalence is increasing in the Middle East, partly because of increased life expectancy and adoption of western lifestyle habits. Suboptimum delivery of health care also contributes to late diagnosis and poor survival of people with cancer. Public awareness of cancer risk is frequently low and misconceptions high, thereby preventing patients from seeking treatment early and constituting a substantial barrier to improvement of cancer outcomes. Screening programmes might have low uptake in Arab populations because of social and health beliefs about cancer. This review outlines the opportunities available to Middle Eastern countries and their emerging economies to learn from global experiences in cancer care, service provision, and research partnerships. The Middle East has begun to develop several health-care transformation programmes. Qatar, in particular, has published a National Health Strategy, in which cancer is one of the main commitments; this Strategy provides the focus of this review. The development of effective health-care strategies and evidence-based medicine directly linked to innovative cancer research is needed to improve cancer care. Although the full extent of the proposed solutions are not necessarily implementable in all Middle Eastern countries, wealthy states can lead derivation of population-specific approaches that could have effects throughout the region. Key challenges are outlined-namely, human capacity and training, subspecialisation of services, building on international cancer research initiatives, and the need for earlier diagnosis and awareness in the population. Countries in the Gulf Region (ie, countries bordering the Persian Gulf, including Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Qatar, UAE, and Oman) need to address these challenges to be at the forefront of integrated cancer care and research and ensure that the latest innovations and best possible care are delivered to their populations. PMID:23084766

Brown, Robert; Kerr, Karen; Haoudi, Abdelali; Darzi, Ara

2012-10-19

14

Fracture-related diagenesis in the carbonate carapace of a salt dome, Jebel Madar, Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is being carried out in the Qatar Carbonates and Carbon Storage Research Centre (QCCSRC) at Imperial College and focuses on the interplay between fractures, diagenetic fluid flow and precipitation of diagenetic minerals in an exposed carbonate carapace of a salt dome in Oman. Understanding fault-related mineralization and the differences between diagenesis in the fractures and fracture walls compared

J. Lahr; C. M. John; J. W. Cosgrove; V. Vandeginste; C. N. Sena; A. Jourdan

2010-01-01

15

Estimating PM 10 air concentrations from dust storms in Iraq, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia  

Microsoft Academic Search

A model for the emission of PM10 dust has been constructed using the concept of a threshold friction velocity which is dependent on surface roughness. Surface roughness in turn was correlated with geomorphology or soil properties for Kuwait, Iraq, part of Syria, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Oman. The PM10 emission algorithm was incorporated into a Lagrangian transport

Roland R. Draxler; Dale A. Gillette; Jeffrey S. Kirkpatrick; Jack Heller

2001-01-01

16

Water Conservation in Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

Limited resources and growing needs for water have triggered a nationwide campaign for water conservation in the Sultanate of Oman. A land and soil survey study of Oman shows the availability of more arable land than present water resources could support. Groundwater is the main source for agricultural production. Overpumping at rates higher than the natural recharge has resulted in

Hayder A. Abdel-Rahman; Isam Mohammed Abdel-Magid

1993-01-01

17

Reuse of greywater in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wastewater reuse is an important element of Kuwait’s water management system because fresh water is scarce and seawater desalination is expensive. Kuwait reuses a significant portion of treated ordinary domestic wastewater, mainly in irrigation of fodder crops and landscapes. Greywater usually represents a major part (50–80%) of domestic wastewater. More importantly, greywater can be treated and reused much more easily

A. Abusam

2008-01-01

18

Status of Gulf co-operation council (GCC) electricity grid system interconnection  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recognizing the benefits of interconnection of their power grids, the six Arab states of Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) had a study carried out in 1990 to define an interconnection project and to determine its feasibility. The study recommended an AC interconnection of the 50 Hz systems of Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, UAE and

A. M. H. A. Karim; N. H. A. Maskati; S. Sud

2004-01-01

19

31 CFR 500.322 - Authorized trade territory; member of the authorized trade territory.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Jordan, Kuwait, Laos, Lebanon, Macao, Malaysia, Nepal, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Korea, Sri Lanka (Ceylon), Syrian Arab Republic, Taiwan, Thailand, United Arab Emirates, and Yemen. (6)...

2010-07-01

20

United Arab Emirates: FAIRS Subject Report. GCC Approves New Standards for Expiration Periods and Food Labeling, 2007. GAIN Report Number TC7026.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Gulf Cooperation Council has approved new standards governing expiration periods and food labeling. Governments in Kuwait, Oman, Bahrain, Qatar, and the UAE are expected to adopt these standards in coming months as national standards. The standards ad...

D. Williams M. Taha

2007-01-01

21

78 FR 14238 - Determination of Group Eligibility for MBDA Assistance  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Bahrain, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Somalia, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, and Yemen.\\8\\ The Petition included Census data showing...

2013-03-05

22

75 FR 59968 - Presumptions of Service Connection for Persian Gulf Service  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Persian Gulf War. (2) The Southwest Asia theater of operations refers to Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, the neutral zone between Iraq and Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, Oman, the Gulf of Aden, the Gulf of...

2010-09-29

23

78 FR 59743 - Bureau of Consular Affairs; Registration for the Diversity Immigrant (DV-2015) Visa Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Indonesia Iran Iraq Israel* Japan Jordan* Kuwait Laos Lebanon Malaysia Maldives Mongolia Nepal North Korea Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Singapore Sri Lanka Syria* Taiwan** Thailand Timor-Leste United Arab Emirates Yemen *Persons born in the...

2013-09-27

24

77 FR 63225 - Extension of Statutory Period for Compensation for Certain Disabilities Due to Undiagnosed...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...317(e)(2), ``[t]he Southwest Asia theater of operations refers to Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, the neutral zone between Iraq and Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, Oman, the Gulf of Aden, the Gulf of...

2012-10-16

25

77 FR 31765 - Petition for Inclusion of the Arab-American Community in the Groups Eligible for MBDA Services  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Bahrain, Djoubti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Somalia, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, and Yemen. According to the petition, Palestinians also fall...

2012-05-30

26

Minerals Yearbook, 1988. The mineral industries of the Arabian Peninsula and Persian Gulf countries. International review  

SciTech Connect

The document contains commodity reviews (metals, mineral fuels, industrial minerals where applicable) for the following countries: Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, People's Democratic Republic of Yeman, and Yeman Arab Republic.

Michalski, B.; Antonides, L.E.; Morgan, G.A.

1988-01-01

27

The Reform of Qatar University. Monograph  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 2003, the State of Qatar engaged the RAND-Qatar Policy Institute to assist Qatar University, the nation's first and only public higher education institution, with reform of its major administrative and academic structures, policies, and practices. This monograph summarizes that reform effort, which formally lasted from October 2003 through…

Moini, Joy S.; Bikson, Tora K.; Neu, C. Richard; DeSisto, Laura

2009-01-01

28

Leisure and Recreation in Kuwait.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent rapid economic and social development has brought more sophisticated leisure-based activities to a wide sector of Kuwait society. This article examines the development of leisure activities, and factors that affect recreation participation by Kuwait's population, noting the relationship between leisure and the government, education, the…

Behbehan, Khalifa; Hashem, Jawad

1996-01-01

29

Libraries and Librarianship in Qatar.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Outline of the library movement in Qatar, a peninsula located on the middle of the western shore of the Arabian Gulf, includes the educational system, book publishing, establishment of the National Library in 1963, public libraries (2), academic libraries (2), school libraries (54), special libraries (5), and library education. (EJS)|

Aman, Mohammed M.; Khalifa, Sha'ban A.

1983-01-01

30

Breast feeding practices in Qatar.  

PubMed

Medical staff at the neonatal outpatient clinic of the Women's Hospital in Doha, Qatar randomly distributed a questionnaire about breast feeding and socioeconomic characteristics to 340 women (53.5% Qataris and 46.5% other Arabic speaking women) from February-August 1988. Only 32% of the mothers exclusively breast fed at birth. This low incidence could be due to excessive advertising by formula manufacturers and the increasing purchasing power of the Qataris. 5l5% used both breast milk and formula. 13% only bottle fed their infants. 50% of the mothers from the below average income group (5000 Qatar Riyals) breast fed their infants, while only 12% of those from the high income group (10,000 Qatar Riyals) did. Further, 55% of the mothers with less than secondary school education exclusively breast fed whereas 25% of those with secondary school and above breast fed. This result confirmed the downward trend for breast feeding in Qatar as identified in the early 1980s. Even though most mothers decided themselves not to breast feed, 31% reported that their physician suggested feeding formula to their infants. The longer infants stayed in the neonatal intensive care unit the less likely their mothers would breast feed them. For example, 72% were breast fed if discharged 1 week after admission while none were breast fed if discharged 3 weeks after admission. The leading reasons for bottle feeding included that the infant was still hungry (634%), night feeding (12%), mother worked (11%), and maternal diseases (5%). Regardless of the reasons for the downward trend in breast feeding in Qatar, public health professionals and health practitioners must begin direct and specific health education efforts about the benefits of breast feeding. PMID:12283357

Kayyali, M M; Al-tawil, K

1989-01-01

31

Localized hyper saline waters in Arabian Gulf from desalination activity--an example from South Kuwait.  

PubMed

Desalination is the only means of reliable water supply in most of the Arabian Gulf States including Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Qatar, and United Arab Emirates. Huge desalination capacities are installed on the western margin of the Arabian Gulf contributing to increased salinity off the coast. This paper presents long term salinity observation made near outfall of Az Zour Power and Desalination Plant in South Kuwait. The salinity values peak at around 50 ppt at observation station located in open gulf around 5 km from the outfall of the power and desalination plant. The observation highlights the stress on the local marine environment continued incremental salinity can impair the marine biodiversity in the area. The study suggests that a stringent post construction and operational offshore water quality assessment can help in early detection of potentially complex environmental issues. PMID:21213041

Uddin, Saif; Al Ghadban, Abdul Nabi; Khabbaz, Ahmed

2011-01-07

32

Trisomy 18 in Kuwait.  

PubMed

This paper describes associated factors of trisomy 18 (T18) or Edwards' syndrome among infants in Kuwait. A case control study of 131 normal newborn controls was undertaken. The study included information about gender, maternal age, paternal age, birth order, reproductive history, consanguinity, survival, and associated anomalies. Results showed a preponderance of females among T18 cases (female/male ratio, 2.1:1). The difference between the T18-case mothers and the control-group mothers was statistically significant (P = 0.002); however, there was no significant difference with regard to paternal age. The logistic regression analysis showed that the odds ratio for 2 abortions with reference to (0/1) abortion was 1.086, which is statistically significant as a risk for T18. The majority of children with T18 died before the second week of life. With regard to malformations, the most common associated anomalies were congenital heart and gastrointestinal abnormalities. Thus, the prevalence of T18 is high in Kuwait, with advanced maternal age as a significant risk factor. PMID:10480700

Naguib, K K; Al-Awadi, S A; Moussa, M A; Bastaki, L; Gouda, S; Redha, M A; Mustafa, F; Tayel, S M; Abulhassan, S A; Murthy, D S

1999-08-01

33

Diabetes Care in Oman  

PubMed Central

Diabetes has become one of the most challenging chronic diseases with its prevalence increasing in most countries worldwide. The Arabian Gulf countries face a similar increasing prevalence of diabetes. Diabetes care requires not only the support of the health authorities, but the contribution of all the sectors of the community and requires good financial support. In Oman, there are many factors which affect the care of diabetes. In this article, these factors are addressed and recommended solutions discussed.

Alyaarubi, Saif

2011-01-01

34

Money Supply in Qatar: An Empirical Investigation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Qatar Central Bank declares that its policy is designed to maintain price and currency stability. To identify the reaction function of the monetary agency in Qatar, Johansen procedure was employed. It appears that some of the suggested variables are integrated of order one; I~(1). Also, it appears that money supply, prices, real income, government expenditures, and international reserves share at

Basher Abdulrazag; Manhal M. Shotar; Anwar Al-Quran

2003-01-01

35

Pharmacy practice in Qatar: challenges and opportunities  

PubMed Central

The State of Qatar is a small oil and gas-rich Gulf country that is experiencing rapid development in health care services, including pharmaceutical services. To date, there is no autonomous professional pharmacy association or society that regulates or promotes the practice of pharmacy in Qatar, and the challenges that face the profession of pharmacy in Qatar mirror the challenges facing the profession in all other Middle Eastern countries. However, a set of initiatives and projects that include pioneering educational initiatives, close alignment of practice with the educational providers, stronger leadership from a National Health Strategy, and the development of pharmacy leadership groups at the practice level all contribute in the fast development of the practice of pharmacy in this country. In this commentary, we provide a snapshot of the pharmaceutical scene in Qatar, and in doing so, we shall discuss the challenges that face the practice, and the main landmarks and initiatives that are destined to move pharmacy forward in Qatar.

Kheir, Nadir; Fahey, Michael

2011-01-01

36

Oil policies of Kuwait: an outsider's interpretation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Kuwait is a leader among the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) in the move to revise concession agreements and participate fully in the production of oil. An examination of Kuwait's oil production and pricing policies shows them to be conservationist and not likely to change in the long run. This reflects Kuwait's position as a low absorber of oil

Atta

2009-01-01

37

Oil and gas developments in Middle East in 1981  

Microsoft Academic Search

Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1981 totaled 5,741,096,000 bbl, or an average rate of 15,729,030 BOPD, down 14.9% from 1980. Increases were in Oman, Dubai, and Turkey. Significant decreases occurred in Iraq, Iran, Kuwait, Divided Neutral Zone, Qatar, and Abu Dhabi. New discoveries were made in Oman, Saudi Arabia, and Abu Dhabi.

D. O Hemer; J. F. Mason; G. C. Hatch

1982-01-01

38

In Brief: Monitoring ozone in Qatar  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Qatar is establishing an ozone and pollution monitoring ground station in West Asia, following discussions between the government, the Qatar Foundation, and the United Nations Environment Programme, according to a 19 November announcement. The station will assist in understanding whether the ozone layer is actually recovering after being damaged by ozone-depleting chemicals. Qatar also announced plans to establish a global center of excellence for research and development of ozone and climate-friendly technology, equipment, and appliances. UNEP executive director Achim Steiner said the announcements by Qatar ``will help plug key data gaps relating to information gathering in West Asia and the Gulf to the benefit of the region and the world.''

Showstack, Randy

2008-12-01

39

Eating Epilepsy in Oman  

PubMed Central

Eating epilepsy (EE), where seizures are triggered by eating, is rare and has not been reported in the Gulf region. In EE, the ictal semiology includes partial or generalised seizures. Focal brain changes on imaging, if present, are often confined to the temporal lobe or perisylvian region. Therapeutic options, especially in those patients who are refractory to pharmacotherapy, have not been well-established. We report a series of five patients with EE from Oman, a country located in the eastern part of the Arabian Gulf region, and highlight the usefulness of temporal lobectomy in one patient who had medically-intractable EE. Surgical intervention could be considered as a potential therapeutic option in carefully selected patients with medically-intractable seizures.

Gujjar, Arunodaya R.; Jacob, P. C.; Ramanchandiran, Nandhagopal; Al-Asmi, Abdullah

2013-01-01

40

The importance of oil to the economies of the organization of the petroleum exporting countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Gulf Cooperation Council (G.C.C.) was established by virtue of a protocol signed in 1981 by its member states, which at present consist of Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, Oman, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates (U.A.E.). Four of these states-Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the U.A.E.-are also members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)-which, until January 1993,

Zind

2009-01-01

41

Fisheries of Oman, 1987-89.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Oman is the most important fisheries country in the Middle East, with a 1989 catch of 107,000 metric tons. Oman has a 1,700 km coastline, a 350,000 square km Exclusive Economic Zone, and coastal upwelling occurs in Omani waters. These factors give Oman ab...

E. Yannotti J. Short

1991-01-01

42

Kuwait's 1991 environmental tragedy: lessons learned  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Iraq's invasion of Kuwait on August 2, 1990 precipitated an ecological tragedy in the Arabian Gulf region. During the course of the invasion Kuwait suffered severe losses to both its oil industry and its ecological system. The scale of damage was enormous, ranging from destruction as a result of oil fires and spills to the economic deterioration of

Ali Mohamed Al-Damkhi; Sabah Ahmed Abdul-Wahab; Nabeel Mansour Al-Khulaifi

2009-01-01

43

Oman: Economic, social and strategic developments  

SciTech Connect

Oman is an important country for the West, both as an oil exporter and as a key ally strategically placed at the entrance to the Arab Gulf. This book provides an overview of recent economic, social and political developments in Oman. It begins by outlining the historical and geographical background, emphasising in particular the problems of geography and tribalism and the impact of the war against Marxist insurgents in Dhofar. It considers economic developments, both in the oil and non-oil sectors, and Oman's contribution to economic co-operation and integration in the region. It examines strategic developments, particularly Oman's relations with the United States, addressing the key question of how close an alliance between Oman and the US is likely and showing how this is influenced by internal politics in Oman. It also explores educational and cultural issues.

Pridham, B.R.

1986-01-01

44

78 FR 6807 - Critical Infrastructure Protection and Cyber Security Trade Mission to Saudi Arabia and Kuwait...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Cyber Security Trade Mission to Saudi Arabia and Kuwait, September 28-October...Cyber Security mission to Riyadh, Saudi Arabia and Kuwait City, Kuwait, from...local) and private entities in Saudi Arabia and Kuwait. The mission will...

2013-01-31

45

Kuwait poised for massive well kill effort  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports that full scale efforts to extinguish Kuwait's oil well fires are to begin. The campaign to combat history's worst oil fires, originally expected to begin in mid-March, has been hamstrung by logistical problems, including delays in equipment deliveries caused by damage to Kuwait's infrastructure. Meantime, production from a key field off Kuwait--largely unaffected by the war--is expected to resume in May, but Kuwaiti oil exports will still be hindered by damaged onshore facilities. In addition, Kuwait is lining up equipment and personnel to restore production from its heavily damaged oil fields. Elsewhere in the Persian Gulf, Saudi Arabia reports progress in combating history's worst oil spills but acknowledges a continuing threat.

Not Available

1991-04-08

46

Child Abuse in Kuwait: Problems in Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To explore the extent of child abuse in Kuwait and examine the difficulties associated with its management. Subjects and Methods: A retrospective analysis of the 60,640 medical records of children admitted to Al-Amiri and Mubarak Al-Kabeer Hospitals, Kuwait, between 1991 and 1998 was done. Results: Of the 60,640 records, 16 children showed evidence of abuse. Of these, the perpetrator

Wafa’a Al-Ateeqi; Issa Shabani; Aida Abdulmalik

2002-01-01

47

HRM practices and organizational performance in Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to test the relationship between high-involvement human resource management practices and organizational performance in the Sultanate of Oman, an Arabian Gulf country. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Companies listed in the Muscat Securities Market in the Sultanate of Oman were surveyed. The final sample consisted of 87 companies. Survey responses were subjected to statistical analysis.

Unnikammu Moideenkutty; Asya Al-Lamki; Y. Sree Rama Murthy

2011-01-01

48

CHALLENGING HEALTH CARE SYSTEM SUSTAINABILITY IN OMAN  

Microsoft Academic Search

The healthcare system in Oman is being reformed. During last three decades, the system has demonstrated and reported great achievements in health care services, preventive and curative medicine. In 2001, WHO ranked Oman first because of what was described as a \\

Ali A. Al Dhawi; Daniel J. West

49

Birth spacing initiative in Oman.  

PubMed

The Sultanate of Oman, faced with the potential for a population explosion that would drain national educational and economic resources, has initiated a birth spacing program which is in its fifth year of implementation at all Ministry of Health facilities. The program was developed based on data from a survey of married Omani women of childbearing age and their spouses. Success has been attributed to the inclusion of Muslim religious leaders at all stages of planning and implementation to deflect people's concern that child spacing is forbidden, and to educational outreach to men. PMID:12046318

al-Rawahi, Samira; Sharts-Hopko, Nancy C

2002-01-01

50

The Kuwait oil fires as seen by Landsat  

Microsoft Academic Search

A mosaic of two Landsat thematic mapper images acquired May 30, 1991, reveals a dark smoke plume 30-60 km wide extending hundreds of kilometers south of Kuwait City along the Persian Gulf. Smoke coming from the Raudhatain and Sabriyah oil fields blew across the Gulf of Kuwait and over Kuwait City, joined with smoke from the Greater Burgan and Minagish

Robert F. Cahalan

1992-01-01

51

Arsenic in shrimp from Kuwait  

SciTech Connect

Arsenic is ubiquitous in the environment and can accumulate in food via contaminated soil, water or air. It enters the food chain through dry and wet atmospheric deposition. Combustion of oil and coal, use of arsenical fertilizers and pesticides and smelting of ores contributes significantly to the natural background of arsenic in soils and sediments. The metal can be transferred from soil to man through plants. In spite of variation in acute, subacute, and chronic toxic effects to plants and animals, evidence of nutritional essentiality of arsenic for rats, goats, and guinea pigs has been suggested, but has not been confirmed for humans. Adverse toxic effects of arsenic as well as its widespread distribution in the environment raises concern about levels of arsenic in man`s diet. Higher levels of arsenic in the diet can result in a higher accumulation rate. Arsenic levels in marine organisms are influenced by species differences, size of organism, and human activities. Bottom dwellers such as shrimp, crab, and lobster accumulate more arsenic than fish due to their frequent contact with bottom sediments. Shrimp constitute approximately 30% of mean total seafood consumption in Kuwait. This study was designed to determine the accumulation of arsenic in the commercially important jinga shrimp (Metapenaeus affinis) and grooved tiger prawn (Penaeus semisulcatus). 13 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

Bou-Olayan, A.H. [Kuwait Univ. (Kuwait); Al-Yakoob, S.; Al-Hossaini, M. [Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research (Kuwait)

1995-04-01

52

Traffic co-dispersion pattern in Kuwait  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Carbon monoxide due to vehicular traffic is one of the potential hazards in Kuwait. Co-dispersion studies at three business-cum-residential areas of Mansourya, Rabiya and Riqqae have been undertaken. A comparative study of carbon monoxide concentrations due to vehicular traffic in Kuwait has been made by using an analytical dispersion model (IITCO) and the Intersection Midblock Model (IMM). While IITCO has been developed at IIT Delhi, India, the other is an operational model in the U.S. The dispersion parameters are formulated in terms of relevant turbulence quantities during daytime when convective mixing is a dominant feature. Meteorological parameters to be used in the model have been compiled from the meteorological observatory in Kuwait for the months of July, August and September 1986. Model results compare well with observations.

Al-Zanaidi, Mansour A.; Singh, M. P.; El-Karim, Mohamed

53

Country Commercial Guide: Oman, Fiscal Year 2000.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Country Commercial Guide (CCG) offers a comprehensive look at Oman's commercial environment, using economic, political and market analyses. The CCG's were established by recommendation of the Trade Promotion Coordinating Committee (TPCC), a multi-age...

1999-01-01

54

Indirect Effects of Salinity and Temperature on Kuwait’s Shrimp Stocks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discharge of the Shatt Al-Arab is believed to be a dominating component of the northern Arabian Gulf’s ecology and largely\\u000a responsible for productivity of Kuwait’s fisheries. With major construction of dams on the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers in\\u000a Turkey, river discharge has been substantially reduced, and flooding essentially eliminated. We attempted to relate river\\u000a flow and shrimp landings indirectly by

James Marcus Bishop; Weizhong Chen; Adel Hasan Alsaffar; Hussain Mahmoud Al-Foudari

55

Proposed artificial recharge studies in northern Qatar  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The aquifer system in northern Qatar comprises a water-table aquifer in the Rus Formation which is separated by an aquitard from a partially confined aquifer in the top of the overlying Umm er Radhuma Formation. These two aquifers are composed of limestone and dolomite of Eocene and Paleocene age and contain a fragile lens of freshwater which is heavily exploited as a source of water for agricultural irrigation. Net withdrawals are greatly in excess of total recharge, and quality of ground water is declining. Use of desalinated seawater for artificial recharge has been proposed for the area. Artificial recharge, on a large scale, could stabilize the decline in ground-water quality while allowing increased withdrawals for irrigation. The proposal appears technically feasible. Recharge should be by injection to the Umm er Radhuma aquifer whose average transmissivity is about 2,000 meters squared per day (as compared to an average of about 200 meters squared per day for the Rus aquifer). Implementation of artificial recharge should be preceded by a hydrogeologic appraisal. These studies should include test drilling, conventional aquifer tests, and recharge-recovery tests at four sites in northern Qatar. (USGS)

Kimrey, J. O.

1985-01-01

56

The lighting fixtures market in the Middle East and North Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

This market research report analyses the lighting fixtures market in the Middle East and North Africa. The countries considered are: Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Oman, Bahrain, Qatar, Egypt, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Lebanon and Jordan. The report includes the production, consumption, trade, short profiles of main players and macro-economic and social indicators. The lighting fixtures scenario provides the production,

Aurelio Volpe

2011-01-01

57

Applicability of the theory of customs unions to the case of the cooperation council for the Arab States of the Gulf (The GCC)  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1981, six Arab Gulf states formed the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC). These states are Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE). One of the main stated objectives of the GCC is regional economic integration. This objective was expressed in the GCC Unified Economic Agreement which called for gradual creation of the GCC common market

As-Sudais

1985-01-01

58

Viability of industrial integration within the Gulf Cooperation Council: the case of petrochemical industries  

Microsoft Academic Search

The formation of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) in 1981 among six Arab Gulf countries - Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates - was an essential step toward the comprehensive economic development of the region. These countries, with their great though declining financial capability arising from oil as the main source of income, had already

Al-Sabban

1983-01-01

59

Manpower and International Labor Migration in the Middle East and North Africa.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

International migration for employment in the Arab region is pervasive and increasing. The nine capital-rich states of Algeria, Bahrain, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates together had imported 1.6 million migrant...

I. Serageldin J. A. Socknat S. Birks B. Li C. A. Sinclair

1983-01-01

60

Selected Bibliography of Arab Educational Materials Vol. 2, No. 1, 1977.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A total of 176 English language notations of books, articles, and government publications about education in 11 Arab countries are contained in this bibliography. Drawing from materials published in 1977, the bibliography examines education for all age groups and ability levels in Egypt, Bahrain, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia,…

Al-Ahram Center for Scientific Translations, Cairo (Egypt).

61

Books about the Middle East for Children and Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bibliography comprises a list of 236 reviewed children's books about the Middle East. All books were published since 1970 in the United States. For the purpose of this document the countries of the Middle East number 16: Bahrain, Cyprus, Iraq, Iran, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkey, United Arab…

Kuntz, Patricia

62

Selected Bibliography of Arab Educational Materials, Vol. 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One hundred fifty-four English language annotations of books, articles, and government publications about education in 11 Arab countries are contained in this bibliography. Drawing from materials published in 1976, the bibliography examines education for all age groups and ability levels in Egypt, Bahrain, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi…

Al-Ahram Center for Scientific Translations, Cairo (Egypt).

63

Higher Education and Development in the Lower Gulf States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The complex issues concerning expansion of higher education in the smaller states bordering the Persian Gulf (Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain, United Arab Emirates, and Oman) are examined, including who provides higher education and why, cultural vs. national identity, the role of mass education, and the difference between growth and development. (MSE)

Shaw, K. E.

1993-01-01

64

The unstable Gulf, Threats from within  

SciTech Connect

Martin offers an analysis of disputes along the borders of countries in the Persian Gulf region and a description of the religious, ethnic, and ideological tensions among the peoples. The pros and cons of various options for protecting American interests are outlined. The discussion covers Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, North and South Yemen, Oman, Soudi Arabia, U.A.E., Bahrain, and Qatar.

Martin, L.G.

1984-01-01

65

Population, Labour and Education Dilemmas Facing GCC States at the Turn of the Century.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study describes and analyzes certain population, labor, and education issues in oil monarchies of the Persian Gulf. The countries profiled are Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates (also known as the GCC [Gulf Cooperation Council] countries). Since the discovery of oil, these countries transformed themselves…

Kapiszewski, Andrzej

66

Regional monetary integration in the member states of the Gulf Cooperation Council  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) plans to introduce a single currency by 2010 in its six member states, Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the UAE. This paper focuses on selected macroeconomic and institutional issues and key policy choices which are likely to arise during the process of monetary integration. The main findings are that (i) a supranational GCC

Michael Sturm; Nikolaus Siegfried

2005-01-01

67

The Role of Desalination in Meeting Water Supply Demands in Western Asia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increasing gap between the supply and demand for water in the Economic and Social Commission of Western Asia (ESCWA) member countries: Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, and Yemen) can be attributed to the limited availability of surface water, mining of fossil groundwater sources, and water pollution mainly of shallow aquifers,

Mohamed J. Abdulrazzak; Mey Jurdi; Shiraz Basma

2002-01-01

68

The Gulf Survey on Anemia Management (GSAM 2005)  

Microsoft Academic Search

We conducted this study to determine the achievements of the current practice guidelines in the management of anemia in the Arabian Gulf Countries. The survey was designed as a retrospective, one day screening of adult patients with end-stage renal disease in six Arabian Gulf countries including Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Oman, United Arab Emirates and Qatar. Data were collected on

Abdulkareem Alsuwaida; Ali Abdulkareem; Jamal Alwakeel; Sheikh Khalifa

2007-01-01

69

University Library Development in the Arab Gulf Region: A Survey and Analysis of Six State University Libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the development of six state university libraries in the Arab Gulf countries of Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. Despite the relatively short history of higher education in these countries, these libraries have made some significant progress. It should be noted that in terms of library organization, size of collections, number of staff,

Mohamed H. Zehery

1997-01-01

70

The impact of oil price shocks on stock market returns: Comparing GCC countries with the UK and USA  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper performs an empirical investigation into the relationship between oil price and stock market returns for seven countries (Kuwait, Oman, UAE, Bahrain, Qatar, UK and USA) by applying the Vector Auto Regression (VAR) analysis. During this period oil prices have tripled creating a substantial cash surplus for the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Countries while simultaneously creating increased deficit problems

Abdallah Fayyad; Kevin Daly

2011-01-01

71

The long-run relationship between savings and investment in oil-exporting developing countries: A case study of the Gulf Arab States  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between national saving and investment over the long term is examined for six Gulf Arab oil-exporting developing countries -- Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. We show that, provided some large outliers are properly accounted for, long-run equilibrium relationships between saving and investment (both total and fixed) exist in these countries. Since these

Syed Abul Basher; Stefano Fachin

2011-01-01

72

Development of performance-based bitumen specifications for the Gulf countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rheological behaviour of bitumen has a great influence on the behaviour of bitumen mixtures. Bitumen plays a significant role in a pavement's ability to withstand thermal and fatigue cracking and contributes to permanent deformation behaviour. The current binder specifications, as applied in the Gulf countries including Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, United Arab Emirates and Oman, are based primarily

Hamad I. Al-Abdul Wahhab; Ibrahim M. Asi; Ibrahim A. Al-Dubabe; Mohammad Farhat Ali

1997-01-01

73

The implementation of Gulf Dinar and its possible impacts  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper analyses the issues surrounding the planned implementation of the Gulf Dinar among the six members of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) – the United Arab Emirates, the State of Bahrain, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the Sultanate of Oman, the State of Qatar and the state of Kuwait. The paper will begin with laying down the foundation of

Echchabi Abdelghani; Sayid Osman; Mahamad Isares; Sorhiran Khalid; Zulkifli Zulhilmi

2011-01-01

74

Science Self-Beliefs and Science Achievement of Adolescents in Gulf Cooperation Council Countries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study explored the predictive effects of science self-beliefs on science achievement for 24,680 13-year-old students from Gulf Cooperation Council member countries--Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates--who participated in the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) 2007. The…

Areepattamannil, Shaljan

2012-01-01

75

Persian Gulf States Country Studies, Area Handbook Series.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The countries of the Persian Gulf covered in this volume-Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates-have assumed added prominence as a result of Operation Desert Shield in 1990 and the Persian Gulf War in 1991. These states share certain c...

H. C. Metz

1993-01-01

76

Books about the Middle East for Children and Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This bibliography comprises a list of 236 reviewed children's books about the Middle East. All books were published since 1970 in the United States. For the purpose of this document the countries of the Middle East number 16: Bahrain, Cyprus, Iraq, Iran, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkey, United Arab…

Kuntz, Patricia

77

University Library Development in the Arab Gulf Region: A Survey and Analysis of Six State University Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study of state university libraries in Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates provides information on library organization and analysis of collections, services, staffing, budgeting, expenditures, automation, and information technology. Suggests further research is needed in collections, services and…

Zehery, Mohamed H.

1997-01-01

78

Selected Bibliography of Arab Educational Materials, Vol. 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One hundred fifty-four English language annotations of books, articles, and government publications about education in 11 Arab countries are contained in this bibliography. Drawing from materials published in 1976, the bibliography examines education for all age groups and ability levels in Egypt, Bahrain, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi…

Al-Ahram Center for Scientific Translations, Cairo (Egypt).

79

Coordinated Economic Development and the Information Network.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This is a discussion of some of the problems that the Advisory Organization for Gulf Industries (AOGI) will face when it undertakes (1) to organize both an information center (node) that will serve the information needs of the Gulf States of Iraq, Kuwait, Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Oman; and (2) to compile an…

Easton, D. K.

80

Environmental Engineering Education (E3) in the Gulf Co-Operation Countries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The six members of the Gulf Co-operation Countries (GCC)--Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates--are facing enormous environmental challenges associated with rapid urbanisation and industrialisation, especially in the last three decades, due to its role as a global hydrocarbon energy centre. None of these…

Jassim, Majeed; Coskuner, Gulnur

2007-01-01

81

Selected Bibliography of Arab Educational Materials Vol. 2, No. 1, 1977.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A total of 176 English language notations of books, articles, and government publications about education in 11 Arab countries are contained in this bibliography. Drawing from materials published in 1977, the bibliography examines education for all age groups and ability levels in Egypt, Bahrain, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia,…

Al-Ahram Center for Scientific Translations, Cairo (Egypt).

82

Population, Labour and Education Dilemmas Facing GCC States at the Turn of the Century.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study describes and analyzes certain population, labor, and education issues in oil monarchies of the Persian Gulf. The countries profiled are Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates (also known as the GCC [Gulf Cooperation Council] countries). Since the discovery of oil, these countries transformed…

Kapiszewski, Andrzej

83

Higher Education and Development in the Lower Gulf States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The complex issues concerning expansion of higher education in the smaller states bordering the Persian Gulf (Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain, United Arab Emirates, and Oman) are examined, including who provides higher education and why, cultural vs. national identity, the role of mass education, and the difference between growth and development. (MSE)|

Shaw, K. E.

1993-01-01

84

Update on the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) electricity grid system interconnection  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the development of the interconnection between the Gulf States (Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Qatar, UAE and Oman). The interconnection was justified based on reserve sharing between the systems but once built will provide the opportunity for trading electricity between the member countries. This paper also describes the principal components of the interconnection as well as some of

Adnan Al-Mohaisen; S. Sud

2006-01-01

85

Physicians’ Attitudes towards Euthanasia in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: The attitudes of physicians in Kuwait towards euthanasia were examined. An additional objective was to examine whether physician characteristics such as nationality, qualifications, years of experience and\\/or religion affect their attitude toward euthanasia. A comparison was also made between the experience of physicians who generally treat terminally ill patients and those who generally treat non-terminally ill patients in terms

Alia H. Gh. Askar; Muneera Ben Nakhi; Khadeijah Al-Rashidi; Bashayer A. M. Al-Musabbahie; Nasra M. Shah

2000-01-01

86

New Perspectives on Teacher Education in Kuwait  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This brief paper is part of a larger research project which examined the historical background of teaching in the Kuwaiti educational system before and after the Gulf War in 1990 in order to propose a new perspective on teacher education in Kuwait, particularly with regard to religious education. The author is interested in whether others have a…

Al-Sharaf, Adel

2006-01-01

87

Desalination and water resource management in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

In most arid countries the scarcity of conventional fresh water supplies infers a serious threat to sustainable and balanced socio-economic growth and development. This threat is clearly more pronounced in the less developed countries. However, the mining of non-conventional seawater and wastewater resources could provide an opportunity and a challenge to water supply sustainability. In Kuwait, the average rainfall is

Mohamed F. Hamoda

2001-01-01

88

The demography of the population of Kuwait.  

PubMed

This discussion, which presents a description of the current demographic situation in Kuwait and recent trends for both Kuwaitis and non-Kuwaitis, is an initial step in an attempt to understand some of the social and demographic consequences of various styles and speeds of economic growth. Since 1957 Kuwait's population has grown very rapidly. The period of fast growth began in the early 1950s following the initiation of work in the 1st Development Plan. After the enactment of the 1948 nationality laws, the longtime residents of Kuwait and their descendants (Kuwaitis) were distinguished from the subsequent arrivals (non-Kuwaitis) for a variety of reasons, including preferential treatment of Kuwaitis in housing, employments and terms of employment, social welfare benefits, and in other areas. The distinction between Kuwaitis and non-Kuwaitis, particularly those immigrants from the desert and other Gulf countries, has never been clearcut. The new Kuwaitis added to the population during each intercensal interval have broadly the same demographic characteristics as those of the original Kuwaiti population. Despite the still rapid growth rates for the population of Kuwait, the growth rates of both components of the population have been dropping steadily since 1957-61. The process of recruiting new Kuwaitis from the desert cannot continue indefinitely. In addition, demands for large volumes of unskilled immigrant labor have been falling as the peak period of construction activity has passed. In the mid 1970s the population enjoyed a high standard of health. The levels on infant mortality, low by comparison with other Arab countries, and high life expectancies have been realized through very high per capita expenditures on health for 20 or more years. Infant mortality rates are still high (34-35/1000) relative to European levels. The total fertility rate in 1957 was 7.3; it was 7.2 in 1975. The crude birthrate was 44/1000 in 1957 and 51/1000 in 1975. Although there are sufficient differentials in the fertility measures by education to indicate that some changes may be underway for certain subdivisions of the population, it appears that fertility as a whole is changing very slowly. In the 1970s the natural increase of resident aliens in Kuwait is contributing more to the growth rate of the non-Kuwaiti population than is immigration. It appears that Kuwait's heyday as an importer of population is probably over. Review of Kuwait's recent demographic history leads to 2 possible conclusions: development simply has not occurred in Kuwait, a conclusion which runs contrary to the commonly held view that the physical changes which have occurred over the last 30 years are great and must have had some bearing on social attitudes and behavior; and development, defined in the broadest social terms, is unconnected with demographic change in the case of Kuwait, making Kuwait an exception to a widely applicable tenet. PMID:12279436

Hill, A G

1977-07-01

89

Oil and gas developments in Middle East in 1982  

Microsoft Academic Search

Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1982 totaled 4,499,464,000 bbl (an average rate of 12,162,915 BOPD), down 21.5% from 1981. Increases were in Iraq, Iran, and Oman. Significant decreases occurred in Kuwait, Divided Neutral Zone, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, and Abu Dhabi. New discoveries were reported in Oman, Syria, Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Iran, and Saudi Arabia.

D. O. Hemer; G. C. Hatch

1983-01-01

90

Petroleum developments in Middle East countries in 1979  

SciTech Connect

Petroleum production in Middle East countries in 1979 totaled 7,779,619,000 bbl at an average rate of 21,314,024 b/d, up 0.4% from 1978. Principal increases were in Iraq, Kuwait, Divided Neutral Zone, and Saudi Arabia. Significant new discoveries were made in Saudi Arabia, Oman, and Abu Dhabi. New areas were explored in Oman, Syria, offshore South Yemen, Dubai, and Qatar.

Hemer, D.O. (Mobile Oil Corp., New York, NY); Mason, J.F.; Hatch, G.C.

1980-11-01

91

Oil and gas developments in Middle East in 1982  

SciTech Connect

Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1982 totaled 4,499,464,000 bbl (an average rate of 12,162,915 BOPD), down 21.5% from 1981. Increases were in Iraq, Iran, and Oman. Significant decreases occurred in Kuwait, Divided Neutral Zone, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, and Abu Dhabi. New discoveries were reported in Oman, Syria, Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Iran, and Saudi Arabia.

Hemer, D.O.; Hatch, G.C.

1983-10-01

92

Strategic Brain Drain: Implications for Higher Education in Oman  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Oman will soon be producing three times more college graduates than there are jobs available in the country each year, forcing graduates to seek employment outside of Oman. Their success in securing and holding employment will be based more on training and performance than might be the case if they were working in Oman. If graduates find that the…

Al-Barwani, Thuwayba; Chapman, David W.; Ameen, Hana

2009-01-01

93

Diurnal and nocturnal catchability of Kuwait's commercial shrimps  

Microsoft Academic Search

In descending order of importance, the shrimps Penaeus semisulcatus De Haan, 1844; Metapenaeus affinis (H. Milne-Edwards, 1837); and Parapenaeopsis stylifera (H. Milne-Edwards, 1837) account for over 95% of Kuwait's commercial landings. Throughout its range, P. semisulcatus is nocturnal, but Kuwait trawlers are active 24h a day during season. Historically, all scientific shrimp surveys in Kuwait have been conducted during daylight

J. M. Bishop; Y. Ye; A. H. Alsaffar; H. M. Al-Foudari; S. Al-Jazzaf

2008-01-01

94

76 FR 23830 - Removing Designated Countries From the National Security Entry-Exit Registration System (NSEERS)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Korea, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia...Korea, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia...Korea, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria,...

2011-04-28

95

Protected Agriculture in the State of Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because of the country's harsh climate, scarce water resources and poor-quality land resources, protected agriculture (PA) has a significant role in Kuwait's agricultural development. Despite difficulties, PA made spectacular progress during the 1980s (area increased from 3.5 ha in 1979\\/80 to 425 ha in 1989\\/90) and was beginning to establish an important niche in the national economy just prior to

Afaf Y. Al-Nasser; N. R. Bhat

96

Antecedents of ostentatious consumption in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to improve our understanding of status-oriented Muslim consumers in Kuwait. More specifically, to study how personality traits such as materialism, susceptibility to social influence and self-monitoring explain status consumption. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A sample of 433 consumers provided information on their status consumption orientation and the personality traits under study. Respondents expressed their

Hernan E. Riquelme; Rosa E. Rios; Nadia Al-Sharhan

2011-01-01

97

Cyclone Gonu storm surge in Oman  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Super Cyclone Gonu is the strongest tropical cyclone on record in the Arabian Sea. Gonu caused coastal damage due to storm surge and storm wave impact as well as wadi flooding. High water marks, overland flow depths, and inundation distances were measured in the coastal flood zones along the Gulf of Oman from 1 to 4 August 2007. The high water marks peaked at Ras al-Hadd at the eastern tip of Oman exceeding 5 m. The storm surge of Gonu is modeled using the Advanced Circulation Model (ADCIRC). The multi-hazard aspect is analyzed by comparing observations from Cyclone Gonu with the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami.

Fritz, Hermann M.; Blount, Christopher D.; Albusaidi, Fawzi B.; Al-Harthy, Ahmed Hamoud Mohammed

2010-01-01

98

Chemical and Physical Properties of Emissions from Kuwait Oil Fires.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

After the Iraqi retreat from Kuwait in 1991, airborne sampling was conducted in the oil fire plumes near Kuwait City and ground-level samples were taken of the air within the city. For the airborne sampling, a versatile air pollution sampler was used to d...

R. Stevens J. Pinto Y. Mamane J. Ondov M. Abdulraheem

1992-01-01

99

A Lipid Clinic Service in Kuwait: Preliminary Observations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite a dramatic increase in the prevalence of coronary heart disease (CHD) within the Kuwaiti population, hyperlipidemia, which is an important risk factor for CHD, is inadequately characterised. Since over half of all patients seen at Kuwait’s Mubarak Teaching Hospital had elevated plasma cholesterol and\\/or triglyceride levels, the hospital opened a Lipid Clinic Service (LCS). The LCS provides a specialized

Abayomi O. Akanji; Arafat S. Al-Suleiman; Shabbar Tahzeeb; Prabha Kinatamitath

1996-01-01

100

The Incidence of Dyslexia among Young Offenders in Kuwait  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper investigates the incidence of dyslexia among young offenders in Kuwait. A total of 91 children/young adults from 8 juvenile delinquent welfare centres across Kuwait were interviewed and tested. A measure of non-verbal reasoning ability was used to exclude those with low general ability. The remaining 53 participants were tested on…

Elbeheri, Gad; Everatt, John; Malki, Mohammad Al

2009-01-01

101

Public opinion and siting solid waste landfills in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Siting municipal solid waste landfills in Kuwait had not considered public concerns about the location of such facilities. Kuwait Municipality has disposed urban waste in abandoned sand quarries for the past 20 years in an unplanned fashion. Due to this improper siting criteria, environmental and health problems have risen from old landfills that are located in residential areas. In an

Anwar F. Al-Yaqout; P. A. Koushki; Mohamed F. Hamoda

2002-01-01

102

Freshwater snails of Oman, South Eastern Arabia  

Microsoft Academic Search

A systematic account is given of the extant freshwater snail fauna of Oman, based on recent collections made in Dhofar and in the northern mountainous areas. Also included are certain species found in brackish coastal localities. A total of 8 freshwater species is regarded as belonging to the fauna of normal freshwater; 7 have been found alive (Thiara scabra, Melanoides

D. S. Brown; M. D. Gallagher

1985-01-01

103

English Teaching Profile: Sultanate of Oman.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A review of the status of English language instruction in the Sultanate of Oman discusses the role of English in the society in general and in each segment of the educational system. The report provides information on the following topics: the characteristics and training of English teachers; the type and availability of instructional and related…

British Council, London (England). English Language and Literature Div.

104

Ambivalent Journey: Teacher Career Paths in Oman  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated the career paths of 625 university graduates who prepared to be secondary school teachers in Oman, their assessment of their current work situation, and the extent to which their initial commitment to teaching was related to their subsequent career satisfaction and intention to remain in teaching. While nearly all…

Chapman, David W.; Al-Barwani, Thuwayba; Al Mawali, Fathiya; Green, Elizabeth

2012-01-01

105

English Language Teaching Profile: Sultanate of Oman.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This profile in outline form of the English language teaching situation in the Sultanate of Oman examines the role of English in society and in the educational system. The predominance of English as the most important foreign language is noted, and its status as a compulsory subject in elementary and secondary school is discussed. The composition…

British Council, London (England). English-Teaching Information Centre.

106

Oral clefts in the Sultanate of Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is a retrospective study of the epidemiology of congenital clefts of the lip and palate in babies of Omani nationals born in the Sultanate of Oman between 1989 and 1995. Babies of non-Omani immigrants were excluded from the study. The data were collected from two sources. The first was the Centralized Plastic Surgery Service of Khoula Hospital at Muscat,

A. Rajab; C. Thomas

2001-01-01

107

Fate and control of blistering chemical warfare agents in Kuwait`s desalination industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Kuwait, as most of the other states located along the Western shores of the Arabian Gulf, relies upon the Gulf as its main drinking water resource via desalination. In case of seawater contamination with blistering chemical warfare agents, traces of the agents and\\/or degradation products in the finished water might pose a serious health hazard. The objective of the present

Khordagui

1997-01-01

108

Recreational-related head injuries in Qatar.  

PubMed

Abstract Background: The incidence of recreation related-injuries (RRI) among the physically active population is increasing. This study aimed to analyse frequency and characteristics of RRI in Qatar. Methods: A retrospective chart review was conducted for all patients with head injuries who sustained a RRI and were admitted to the trauma unit between 2008-2011. Patients' demographics, injuries, complications and mortality were analysed. Results: Of 1665 cases of head injury, 107 (6.4%) had RRI. The majority of cases were males with mean age of 27?±?12, injury severity score of 14?±?8 and head abbreviated injury score of 3.2?±?0.9. Mechanisms of injury included All-Terrain Vehicle, Jet-skiing, football and water-boat. Patients sustained RRI mainly had contusion followed by subarachnoid haemorrhage, subdural and epidural haematoma. Upper extremities and the chest were the most frequently associated injuries. Severe head injuries were observed in 18% of patients with Glasgow Coma Score <8. Median length of stay was 4 (1-67) days. The incidence of RRI was highest amongst Asians (66%) and nationals (23%). The overall mortality among patients with RRI was 7%. Conclusion: RRI causes significant morbidity and mortality. An urgent need is recommended for legislative amendment and public awareness for safety regulations during recreational activities involving potential risk of trauma. PMID:23924056

Parchani, Ashok; El-Menyar, Ayman; Al-Thani, Hassan; Tuma, Mazin; Zarour, Ahmad; Abdulrahman, Husham; Peralta, Ruben; Asim, Mohammad; Latifi, Rifat

2013-08-07

109

The Pattern of Female Nuptiality in Oman  

PubMed Central

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine Omani patterns of female nuptiality, including the timing of marriage and determinants of age at a woman’s first marriage. Methods: The study utilised data from the 2000 Oman National Health Survey. Univariate, bivariate, and multivariate statistical methods, including logistic regression analysis, were used for data analysis. Results: One of the most important aspects of the marriage pattern in Oman is the high prevalence of consanguineous marriages, as more than half (52%) of the total marriages in Oman are consanguineous. First cousin unions are the most common type of consanguineous unions, constituting 39% of all marriages and 75% of all consanguineous marriages. About 11% of the marriages are polygynous. Early and universal marriage is still highly prevalent in Oman. Three-quarters (75%) of married women respondents aged 20–44 years were married by age 20, with their median age at their first wedding being 16 years. However, women’s average age upon marriage is gradually increasing. The change is especially apparent in more recent marriages or among younger cohorts of women, and for certain socio-cultural groups. Multivariate analysis identified female education, age cohort, residential status, region of residence, types of marriage, and employment as strong predictors of Omani women’s age at marriage. Conclusion: The growing number of young adults, accompanied by their tendency to delay marriage, may have serious demographic, social, economic, and political ramifications for Oman, highlighting the need to understand the new situation of youth, their unique characteristics, and their interests and demands. Culturally appropriate policies need to be implemented to address the issues and challenges of unmarried young adults.

Islam, M. Mazharul; Dorvlo, Atsu S.; Al-Qasmi, Ahmed M.

2013-01-01

110

Oil and gas developments in Middle East in 1985  

SciTech Connect

Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1985 totaled 3,837,580,000 bbl (an average rate of 10,513,917 BOPD), down 2.2% from the revised 1984 total of 3,924,034,000 bbl. Iran, Iraq, Dubai, Oman, and Syria had significant increases; Kuwait, Kuwait-Saudi Arabia Divided Neutral Zone, Saudi Arabia, and Qatar had significant decreases. New fields went on production in Iraq, Abu Dhabi, Oman, and Syria. In North Yemen, the first ever oil production in that country was nearing the start-up stage at year end. 9 figures, 9 tables.

Hemer, D.O.; Gohrbandt, K.H.A.

1986-10-01

111

Nocardia asteroides in the soil of Kuwait.  

PubMed

A pilot study was undertaken to determine the occurrence and distribution of pathogenic nocardiae in Kuwaiti soil. A total of 102 soil samples collected from two localities were investigated by the paraffin bait technique. Nocardia asteroides was the only species isolated from 42 (41%) soil samples. None of the isolates fulfilled the criteria required for identification of N. farcinica or N. nova. Thirty one (73.8%) isolates showed equivalent growth at 45 degrees C and 35 degrees C, 17 (40.4%) isolates utilized acetamide for carbon and nitrogen requirements and 3 (7.1%) isolates showed delayed arylsulphatase activity. Only a solitary isolate was resistant to cefamandole. Soil samples originating from the Kuwait University Campus, Shuwaikh, which were rich in humus/organic matter, were more productive for N. asteroides (67%) than the samples which were devoid of it but were mixed with crude oil (39%). Sand samples that lacked organic matter and crude oil samples were least productive of N. asteroides. These preliminary findings do not suggest that massive oil contamination of soil in the Ahmadi oil field area during the Gulf war promoted the natural occurrence of N. asteroides. However, isolation of N. asteroides in as many as 41% of the soil sample is a significant observation warranting further epidemiologic studies including its possible role in the operation desert storm sickness syndrome. This is the first report on the natural occurrence of N. asteroides in Kuwait. PMID:9424591

Khan, Z U; Neil, L; Chandy, R; Chugh, T D; Al-Sayer, H; Provost, F; Boiron, P

1997-01-01

112

Disposal of unwanted medicines from households in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective  To test the effectiveness of a simple educational intervention to encourage households to return unwanted medicines via a\\u000a municipal collection program and to investigate the most common sources and types of unwanted medicines in the home.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Setting  Households in Kuwait City, Kuwait.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Method  A convenience sample of 200 households in Kuwait received an educational letter and special plastic bags in which to

Eman A. Abahussain; Douglas E. Ball

2007-01-01

113

Martian Meteorite Discovered in Oman Desert  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A fist-sized meteorite with a mineralogy and isotopic signature suggesting Martian origin has been discovered by Swiss researchers in the Sayh al Uhaymir region of desert in Oman. On June 15, scientists at the University of Bern announced their finding of the Martian meteorite, named Sayh al Uhaymir 094 and one of only eighteen known on Earth. Only recently have scientists been combing the deserts for Martian meteorites; previously they were collected mainly from the Antarctic. Finding these rare rocks from Mars is an exciting and inexpensive way to collect data, including information on possible water or life, from the Red Planet. This week's In the News takes a look at the Oman discovery and Martian meteorites in general.

Sanders, Hilary C.

2001-01-01

114

The development of total quality management in Qatar  

Microsoft Academic Search

Presents the key findings of a study into quality practices of a number of organisations in one of the Arab countries, Qatar, which is recognised as one of the leading liquefied natural gas-exporting regions since its reserves of gas represent about 7.4 per cent of the world total. The purposes of the study were to assess: the awareness, the understanding,

Khalifa N. Al-khalifa; Elaine M. Aspinwall

2000-01-01

115

Sizzling Qatar boom sparked by foreign money, technology, and gas  

Microsoft Academic Search

International oil companies have collected advanced upstream and downstream technology and focused it on the small Persian Gulf emirate of Qatar, a roughly 110 mile long by 50 mile wide, thumb-like peninsula that juts out from Saudi Arabia. The emirate, in a burst of enlightened self interest, has opened its doors to international companies and is now riding a wave

Aalund

1998-01-01

116

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices, 2008: Qatar.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Qatar is a constitutional monarchy headed by Emir Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al-Thani. The population is approximately 1.7 million, of whom approximately 225,000 are citizens. The emir exercises full executive power. The 2005 constitution provides for conti...

2008-01-01

117

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices, 2001: Qatar.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Qatar, an Arab state on the Persian Gulf, is a monarchy with no constitution or political parties. It is governed by the ruling Al-Thani family through its head, the Amir. The current Amir, Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al-Thani, took power from his father in ...

2002-01-01

118

Steam-soak performance in south Oman  

SciTech Connect

With about 2 {times} 10{sup 9} stock-tank m{sup 3} (12.6 {times} 10{sup 9} STB) of medium/heavy oil originally in place (OOIP) in south Oman, considerable scope exists for increasing oil recovery by thermal methods. The viability of thermal recovery in south Oman was tested with a steamflood pilot in the Al Khlata sands of the Marmul field and a 2-year steam-soak project to test the applicability of steam soak in five south Oman oil fields producing heavy oil. This paper describes the performance of the latter project. The wells selected for the test program included a wide range of south Oman reservoir and oil characteristics i.e., the main reservoir drive mechanisms of depletion, solution-gas, and edge- and bottomwater drive, the reservoir sandbody types, and oil viscosities from 80 to 4000 mPa {center dot} s (80 to 4,000 cp). Steam-soak operations were successful, and oil production accelerated significantly, with an average stimulate production rate twice that before stimulation. Acceleration was less marked in wells where reservoir energy is limited or where the primary (cold) water cut is more than 30%. At primary (cold) water cuts {gt}50%, no increase in oil production rate was observed. The process was simulated numerically for several wells, with the results in close agreement with performance. Improved understanding of the process resulting from the simulation allowed the most important factors influencing performance to be identified and aided process optimization in the field test. Two small-scale steam-soak projects currently are being assessed for implementatioimplementation in the early 1990's.

Rice, S.A. (Koninklijke Shell E and P Lab. (NL))

1991-11-01

119

Hydrographic Variability off the Coast of Oman  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Data from hydrographic transects made in 2001 and 2002 and between 2007 and 2009 were obtained from the Oman Ministry of Fisheries Wealth. Property-depth plots of temperature, salinity, and dissolved oxygen were produced for all transects and in all months for which data were available. These were analyzed for temporal and spatial variability. For all transects, there exist large variability on various timescales, with strong spatial variability. Two common features that are seen in the hydrographic data sets are the Persian Gulf Water (PGW) and a layer of continuous low oxygen concentrations in the lower part of the water column. Plots of salinity produced for transects located in the northern part of the Gulf of Oman show a one-unit increase in salinity of the water at the bottom of deepest station during the months of August and September as compared to the other months. Similarly, cross-shelf contour plots of temperature shows an increase in water temperature near the bottom station during the months of August and September. These indicate the presence of the PGW outflow in the northern part of the Gulf of Oman. For dissolved oxygen distributions, hydrographic transects that did not extend far offshore show monthly differences in the presence of water with low oxygen concentrations. For transects that do extend far offshore and also show a layer of low oxygen water throughout the year, there is generally a monthly difference on whether this water is found close to the surface or deeper in the water column. The variability seen in the data could only be explained by comparing these data to data collected from the real time cable ocean observing system installed by Lighthouse R &D Enterprise in the Oman Sea and the Arabian Sea in 2005. The analysis of these data reveal that the variability observed is related to processes such as ocean conditions, monsoonal cycle, and extreme weather events.

Belabbassi, L.; Dimarco, S. F.; Jochens, A. E.; Al Gheilani, H.; Wang, Z.

2010-12-01

120

Public's attitudes towards community pharmacy in Qatar: a pilot study  

PubMed Central

Objectives To assess the public’s attitudes towards the community pharmacist’s role in Qatar, to investigate the public’s use of community pharmacy, and to determine the public’s views of and satisfaction with community pharmacy services currently provided in Qatar. Materials and methods Three community pharmacies in Qatar were randomly selected as study sites. Patients 16 years of age and over who were able to communicate in English or Arabic were randomly approached and anonymously interviewed using a multipart pretested survey. Results Over 5 weeks, 58 patients were interviewed (60% response rate). A total of 45% of respondents perceived community pharmacists as having a good balance between health and business matters. The physician was considered the first person to contact to answer drug- related questions by 50% of respondents. Most patients agreed that the community pharmacist should provide them with the medication directions of use (93%) and advise them about the treatment of minor ailments (79%); however, more than 70% didn’t expect the community pharmacist to monitor their health progress or to perform any health screening. Half of the participants (52%) reported visiting the pharmacy at least monthly. The top factor that affected a patient’s choice of any pharmacy was pharmacy location (90%). When asked about their views about community pharmacy services in Qatar, only 37% agreed that the pharmacist gave them sufficient time to discuss their problem and was knowledgeable enough to answer their questions. Conclusion This pilot study suggested that the public has a poor understanding of the community pharmacist’s role in monitoring drug therapy, performing health screening, and providing drug information. Several issues of concern were raised including insufficient pharmacist– patient contact time and unsatisfactory pharmacist knowledge. To advance pharmacy practice in Qatar, efforts may be warranted to address identified issues and to promote the community pharmacist’s role in drug therapy monitoring, drug information provision, and health screening.

El Hajj, Maguy Saffouh; Salem, Samah; Mansoor, Hend

2011-01-01

121

Morphology and Late Quaternary sedimentation in the Gulf of Oman Basin  

Microsoft Academic Search

The morphology of the Gulf of Oman Basin, a 3,400 m deep oceanic basin between Oman and southern Pakistan and southern Iran, ranges from a convergent margin (Makran margin) along the north side, a passive type (Oman margin) along the south side, translation types along the basin's west (Zendan Fault-Oman Line) and east (Murray Ridge) sides and a narrow continental

Elazar Uchupi; S. A. Swift; D. A. Ross

2002-01-01

122

Gauging the Iraqi Threat to Kuwait in the 1960s.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The UKs defense of Kuwait is chronicled in an extensive collection of documents, many only recently declassified. These papers portray a responsive intelligence system, despite collection limitations and the amount of time it took to redirect assets. The ...

R. A. Mobley

2001-01-01

123

Saddam Hussein's Decision to Invade Kuwait - Where Was Plan B.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Two objectives characterize Saddam Hussein's statecraft his personal survival as Iraq's leader and his desire to assert Iraqi influence in the Middle East Both of these objectives figured in his decision to invade Kuwait in August 1990 Surveying the damag...

F. R. Culpepper

1997-01-01

124

Wind Energy in Oman Current Status and Future Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The wind regime in Oman coupled with an extensive coastline and vast unpopulated areas have to potential to contribute significantly to the future electricity supply of the country. However, wind energy is not quite as simple to implement as some other renewable energy sources. The analysis of ground stations measurements, indicate a higher potential in the southern parts of Oman.

Sultan Al-Yahyai

2010-01-01

125

Overcoming constraints in treated greywater reuse in Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Sultanate of Oman is an arid country with rapidly developing economy and a high population growth rate. Together, they have increased the demand for freshwater. In response, the Sultanate has developed well fields and installed desalination plants across Oman. Albeit meeting the demand for freshwater, such investments are straining the country's financial and natural resources. Experience in several arid

S. A. Prathapar; A. Jamrah; M. Ahmed; S. Al Adawi; S. Al Sidairi; A. Al Harassi

2005-01-01

126

Status of fish biodiversity in the Sultanate of Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rich and diverse fish resources of Oman constitute its main natural resource after oil and natural gas. A total of 1142 species were identified, distributed among 520 genera and 164 families. Most of these are marine with broad geographical distribution; only four are freshwater species (Cyprinion micropthalmum, Garra barreimie, G. longispinnis, and Oreochromis aureus). The ichthyofauna of Oman is

Moustafa M. Fouda; Gregorio V. Hermosa Jr

1998-01-01

127

Magnetic Susceptibility Variations across the Cretaceous - Tertiary Boundary in Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

Approximately four meters of carbonates were sampled across the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary in a little deformed platform sequence in Oman. The sample locality is in the Murka Formation (Roger et al., 1998) in the east flank of a N-S anticline west of Abat; geographically the area is near the south limit of the Oman Mountains, about 20 km west of Sur.

W. D. MacDonald; B. B. Ellwood; C. W. Wheeler; S. L. Benoist

2001-01-01

128

The Implementation of NVQs in the Sultanate of Oman  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Explains that the Sultanate of Oman is the only country in the world, other than the UK, to have adopted the national vocational qualification NVQ as its national system for vocational training. Assesses the extent to which centres in Oman have been successful in implementing the NVQ, and the extent to which the NVQ has contributed towards…

Wilkins, Stephen

2002-01-01

129

The Emergence of Libraries in the Sultanate of Oman.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes developments in library services that took place in Oman from 1970-90 and discusses the current status of library development. Topics discussed include the rapid social and economic development in Oman, the lack of human and physical resources, the lack of a national library, and deficiencies in school libraries. (five references) (LRW)|

Karim, Bakri Musa A.

1991-01-01

130

Hydrogen generation from mantle source rocks in Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

Isotopic and chemical evidence is adduced for the H gas associated with Ca(2+)OH-rich alkaline groundwaters presently emanating from ultramafic rocks of the Oman ophiolite which indicates that H is formed by low - temperature redox reactions in a closed groundwater environment. This normally cryptic hydrospheric process is fortuitously revealed by the unusual hydrogeological conditions in Oman, where O is totally

C. Neal; G. Stanger

1983-01-01

131

Conflict and Change in the Persian Gulf: The Smaller GCC States Bahrain, Oman, Qatar, United Arab Emirates.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Conflict and change in the Persian Gulf region has been a way of life since the ending of 'Pax Britannica' in 1971. This momentous change in the regional power base began a new era in which the local powers have attempted to create a regional balance whic...

C. D. Ethredge

1993-01-01

132

Prevalence of Low Back Pain among Physical Therapists in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To determine the life and point prevalence rates and study the characteristics of work-related and non-work-related low back pain (LBP) among physical therapists in Kuwait and its effect on their regular activities. Subjects and Methods: A specially designed self-administered questionnaire was distributed to 143 physical therapists in Kuwait. The questionnaire included demographic data, history and characteristics of LBP before

Dia Shehab; Khalid Al-Jarallah; Mohamed A. A. Moussa; Nihad Adham

2003-01-01

133

Factors Associated with Severe Caries among Adults in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aim: To investigate the relationship between caries etiological factors and occurrence of severe caries among adults in Kuwait. Methods: Forty-two adult patients with severe caries, attending Kuwait polyclinics, were compared with 36 caries-free subjects in a cross-sectional study. The patients with severe caries were aged 16 years or older and had a minimum of eight open coronal carious cavities, with

E. S. Akpata; A. Al-Attar; P. N. Sharma

2009-01-01

134

Multiple sclerosis in Kuwait: clinical and epidemiological study.  

PubMed Central

Eighty-nine cases of multiple sclerosis (70 Arabs) are reported from Kuwait. The prevalence is estimated to be 8.33 per 100,000 (age and sex adjusted to USA population). Kuwait thus emerges to be in the medium risk zone. No differences were found in the age of onset, clinical pattern and disability from the disease found in Europeans and North Americans.

Al-Din, A S

1986-01-01

135

The Kuwait oil fires as seen by Landsat  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A mosaic of two Landsat thematic mapper images acquired May 30, 1991, reveals a dark smoke plume 30-60 km wide extending hundreds of kilometers south of Kuwait City along the Persian Gulf. Smoke coming from the Raudhatain and Sabriyah oil fields blew across the Gulf of Kuwait and over Kuwait City, joined with smoke from the Greater Burgan and Minagish fields, and continued southward over smaller villages and regions of desert agriculture consisting of hundreds of axially irrigated fields in both Kuwait and Saudi Arabia. One agricultural region in Kuwait was completely obscured by the smoke. The light colored limestone gravel and sand surface was darkened by oil lakes near the wells, and by oil drizzling out of the plume downwind of the wells. Most fires produced either a light or dark plume, and the separate plumes mixed to form a combined plume much darker than the land surface, but slightly more reflective than the Gulf waters. A few of the hottest fires had no visible plume, and are presumably associated with methane combustion. The last of the Kuwait fires was reportedly extinguished in November of 1991. Continued monitoring is needed to assess the impact of emissions from both burning and nonburning oil wells on the region's climate, as well as on the agriculture, fishing, and other activities essential to life in the region.

Cahalan, Robert F.

1992-09-01

136

Physical properties of soils contaminated by oil lakes, Kuwait  

SciTech Connect

In preparation for a marine assault by the coalition forces, the Iraqi Army heavily mined Kuwait`s coastal zone and the oil fields. Over a million mines were placed on the Kuwait soil. Burning of 732 oil wells in the State of Kuwait due to the Iraqi invasion caused damages which had direct and indirect effect on environment. A total of 20-22 million barrels of spilled crude oil were collected in natural desert depressions and drainage network which formed more than 300 oil lakes. The total area covered with oil reached 49 km{sup 2}. More than 375 trenches revealed the existence of hard, massive caliche (CaCO{sub 3}) subsoil which prevent leached oil from reaching deeper horizons, and limited the maximum depth of penetration to 1.75 m. Total volume of soil contaminated reached 22,652,500 m{sup 3} is still causing environmental problems and needs an urgent cleaning and rehabilitation. Kuwait Oil Company has recovered approximately 21 million barrels from the oil lakes since the liberation of Kuwait. In our examined representative soil profiles the oil penetration was not deeper than 45 cm. Infiltration rate, soil permeability, grain size distribution, aggregates formation and water holding capacity were assessed. 15 refs., 5 figs., 5 tabs.

Mohammad, A.S. [Kuwait Univ., Safat (Kuwait); Wahba, S.A.; Al-Khatieb, S.O. [Arabian Gulf Univ. (Bahrain)

1996-08-01

137

Sizzling Qatar boom sparked by foreign money, technology, and gas  

SciTech Connect

International oil companies have collected advanced upstream and downstream technology and focused it on the small Persian Gulf emirate of Qatar, a roughly 110 mile long by 50 mile wide, thumb-like peninsula that juts out from Saudi Arabia. The emirate, in a burst of enlightened self interest, has opened its doors to international companies and is now riding a wave of foreign investment and new technology to major increases in oil, natural gas, and petrochemical production. The largest natural gas reserve in the world is under Qatari waters and is the driver for the activity that includes two LNG plants. Qatar has proven that you don`t need crude oil in the Persian Gulf to be important. Activities are discussed.

Aalund, L.R.

1998-04-27

138

Aflatoxin contamination in edible nuts imported in Qatar  

Microsoft Academic Search

Edible nuts imported in Qatar from June 1997 to December 1998 were anlaysed for aflatoxins. Eighty-one nut samples were analysed in the second half of 1997 and contamination was detected in 19 samples with total aflatoxin level varied from a low of about 0.53 to a high of 289 ?g\\/kg. Aflatoxin contamination was detected in pistachios and peanuts, while other

A. H. W Abdulkadar; Abdulla Al-Ali; Jassim Al-Jedah

2000-01-01

139

Parameterization of turbulence characteristics of Atmospheric surface layer in Qatar  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Turbulent characteristics of atmospheric boundary layer are of utmost importance in modeling the large-scale meteorological processes, diffusion of atmospheric contaminants, heat transfer and evaporation from the earth surface. Available data are for some areas on the globe and are really sparse in tropical regions, except a few recent studies in Asia. There had been some recent studies in tropical weather in southwestern Asia but no study is carried out in Persian Gulf region. An atmospheric measurement station has been designed and installed in a site in the coastal region of Doha, Qatar, to characterize the nature of atmosphere surface layer (ASL) and ocean wave characteristics in this field. The aim of the present study is to report the micrometeorological data collected from this site. The normalized variation of the turbulent velocity components and temperature were studied using Monin-Obukhov similarity theory (MOST). This study also attempts to verify the validity of MOST in the context of the data collected for a marine ASL in Qatar, and compares the modeling parameters with other investigations around the world. This is the first ever study of ASL in this area, and is expected to be a foundation of further atmospheric research endeavors in Qatar.

Singha, Arindam; Sadr, Reza

2011-11-01

140

Seawater desalination in Kuwait using multistage flash evaporation technology — historical overview  

Microsoft Academic Search

For the last 40 years, Kuwait has fully depended, for its freshwater supplies on seawater desalination using multistage flash (MSF) technology. During these years, Kuwait has gained wide experience in the operation and maintenance of MSF distillation plants. This paper outlines the historical development of MSF plants in Kuwait and presents a summary of the experience gained over the years

Yousef Al-Wazzan; Faisal Al-Modaf

2001-01-01

141

Characterizing surface temperature and clarity of Kuwait's seawaters using remotely sensed measurements and GIS analyses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Kuwait sea surface temperature (SST) and water clarity are important water characteristics that influence the entire Kuwait coastal ecosystem. The spatial and temporal distributions of these important water characteristics should be well understood to obtain a better knowledge about this productive coastal environment. The aim of this project was therefore to study the spatial and temporal distributions of: Kuwait SST

Mohammad M. M. Alsahli

2009-01-01

142

Aquifer characteristics and water quality of Miocene–Pleistocene sediments, Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Al-Atraf is one of the water well fields of Kuwait supplying Kuwait City with the brackish groundwater obtained from the Kuwait Group aquifer of Miocene–Pleistocene age. The study determined the hydrogeological and hydrochemical characteristics of the groundwater in order to identify the major chemical processes that influence the groundwater quality of the study area. The results of the aquifer test

F. M. Al-Ruwaih; H. A. Qabazard

2005-01-01

143

Genetic services and testing in the Sultanate of Oman. Sultanate of Oman steps into modern genetics.  

PubMed

The Sultanate of Oman is a rapidly developing Muslim country with well-organised government-funded health care services, including primary, secondary and tertiary, and rapidly expanding medical genetic facilities. At the present time, the Omani population is characterised by a rapid rate of growth, large family size, consanguineous marriages, and the presence of genetic isolates. The preservation of a tribal structure in the community coupled with traditional isolation has produced unique and favourable circumstances for building genealogical records and the study of genetic disease. Genetic services developed in the Sultanate of Oman in the past decade have become an important component of health care. The recently constructed Genetic Centre in Muscat expects to meet the needs of the Omani population in provision of genetic services and research, in a manner deferential to the cultural and religious traditions of the country. PMID:23821042

Rajab, Anna; Al Rashdi, I; Al Salmi, Q

2013-07-03

144

Patients' satisfaction with physicians' services in primary healthcare centres in Kuwait City, Kuwait.  

PubMed

Enhancing patient satisfaction offers a way of optimising health status and helps in the reduction of wastage of medical resources. The direct measurement of patient satisfaction is new in Kuwait. This study aimed to assess patient satisfaction with respect to physicians' services in primary health care (PHC) and to determine the association of patients sociodemographic variables on their satisfaction level. The sample consisted of 301 patients selected systematically from five primary healthcare centres (PHCC) to represent various geographic areas in Kuwait. The data were collected by personal interview using a structured questionnaire. The overall mean satisfaction with physician services was 2.21 points out of a maximum of five points. The results from multiple regression analysis indicated that gender, marital status, occupation and income are the most important predictors, with females, married, labourers and higher income levels having the highest mean satisfaction score. The principal component analysis indicated that the most important aspect is 'communication' which accounted for 54% of the total variance. The results suggested a need for an educational programme to inform patients of the objectives and limits of primary health services. PMID:11077805

al-Doghaither, A H; Abdelrhman, B M; Saeed, A A

2000-09-01

145

Implementation of the K-12 Education Reform in Qatar's Schools. Monograph  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The leadership of Qatar is greatly invested in its K-12 education reform, "Education for a New Era," because it views education as the key to the nation's economic and social progress. This study, one of a number of RAND studies that trace and document the reform process in Qatar, was designed to assess progress made in the first years of the…

Zellman, Gail L.; Ryan Gery W.; Karam, Rita; Constant, Louay; Salem, Hanine; Gonzalez, Gabriella; Orr, Nate; Goldman, Charles A.; Al-Thani, Hessa; Al-Obaidli, Kholode

2009-01-01

146

Small Steps Lead to Quality Assurance and Enhancement in Qatar University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a brief overview of Qatar University's history since it was started in 1973. Its primary focus is on the various small, but important, steps taken by the University to address the needs of quality assurance and enhancement. The Qatar University Reform Plan is described in detail. Its aims are to continually improve the quality…

Al Attiyah, Asma; Khalifa, Batoul

2009-01-01

147

Quality of life of caregivers of children with autism in Qatar  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction: Caring for a child diagnosed with autism could affect the quality of life of the caregiver in various different ways. No previous research has assessed the quality of lives of caregivers of children with autism in Qatar.Methods: Caregivers of a child with autism between 3 and 17 years old were recruited from child rehabilitation clinics in Qatar. The non-autism

Nadir Kheir; Ola Ghoneim; Amy L. Sandridge; Muna Al-Ismail; Sara Hayder; Fadhila Al-Rawi

2012-01-01

148

Teacher Perceptions of Professional Development in the Context of National Educational Reform: The Case of Qatar  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In light of nationally mandated educational changes in Qatar, this study investigates in-service teachers' perceptions of professional development (PD). The aims are to identify challenges facing teachers' PD. The respondents were 40 in-service teachers from two schools in Doha, Qatar, who had received PD connected with national educational…

Nasser, Ramzi; Romanowski, Michael

2011-01-01

149

The prevalence and causes of blindness in the Sultanate of Oman: the Oman Eye Study (OES)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aims: To estimate the magnitude and the causes of blindness through a community based nationwide survey in Oman. This was conducted in 1996–7.Methods: A stratified cluster random sampling procedure was used to select 12 400 people. The WHO\\/PBD standardised survey methodology was used, with suitable adaptation. The major causes of blindness were identified among those found blind.Results: A total of

R Khandekar; A J Mohammed; A D Negrel; A Al Riyami

2002-01-01

150

Permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus: clinical presentation and epidemiology in Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

AIMTo estimate the accurate incidence and prevalence of permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus, and to determine the clinical profile of this condition in the Sultanate of Oman.METHODSAll children diagnosed as having permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus between 1991 and 1995 in Oman were included in the study.RESULTSThe mean incidence was 2.2 per 100 000 live births\\/year and the prevalence among under 5s

Bhasker Bappal; Palany Raghupathy; Vasantha de Silva; Saleh Mohamed Al Khusaiby

1999-01-01

151

Concentration of selected radionuclides in seawater from Kuwait.  

PubMed

No baseline existed for the radionuclides in Kuwait territorial water. With changing trend in the region to embrace nuclear energy, the baseline study is imperative to create a reference and to record the influence-functioning of upcoming power plants. The first one in Bushehr, Iran is ready to start and several more are likely to come-up in UAE, Saudi Arabia and Kuwait. The present baseline concentration of the four considered radionuclide's show low concentration of tritium, polonium, strontium and cesium; their concentration is comparable to most oceanic waters. PMID:22444480

Uddin, Saif; Al Ghadban, Abdul Nabi; Aba, Abdulaziz; Behbehani, Montaha

2012-03-22

152

Atmospheric corrosion of mild steel in Oman  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A systematic study has been made of the initial corrosion products which form on mild steel capons exposed near the coastal region of Oman and at some industrial areas. The phases and compositions of the products formed at different periods of exposure were examined by using Mössbauer spectroscopy (295 and 78 K) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) techniques. The results show that lepidocorcite and maghemite are early corrosion products and goethite starts to form after 2 months of metal exposure to the atmosphere. Akaganeite is an early corrosion product but it forms in marine environments only, which reflects the role of chlorine effect in the atmosphere. The 12 months coupons showed the presence of goethite, lepidocorcite and maghemite, but no akaganeite being seen in the products of one of the studied areas.

Gismelseed, Abbasher; Al-Harthi, S. H.; Elzain, M.; Al-Rawas, A. D.; Yousif, A.; Al-Saadi, S.; Al-Omari, I.; Widatallah, H.; Bouziane, K.

2006-01-01

153

Atmospheric corrosion of mild steel in Oman  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A systematic study has been made of the initial corrosion products which form on mild steel capons exposed near the coastal region of Oman and at some industrial areas. The phases and compositions of the products formed at different periods of exposure were examined by using Mossbauer spectroscopy (295 and 78 K) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) techniques. The results show that lepidocorcite and maghemite are early corrosion products and goethite starts to form after 2 months of metal exposure to the atmosphere. Akaganeite is an early corrosion product but it forms in marine environments only, which reflects the role of chlorine effect in the atmosphere. The 12 months coupons showed the presence of goethite, lepidocorcite and maghemite, but no akaganeite being seen in the products of one of the studied areas.

Gismelseed, Abbasher; Al-Harthi, S. H.; Elzain, M.; Al-Rawas, A. D.; Yousif, A.; Al-Saadi, S.; Al-Omari, I.; Widatallah, H.; Bouziane, K.

154

The Use of Medicines in Oman  

PubMed Central

Objectives: The objective of this study was to identify the common problems of medicine use in Oman in order to improve the appropriate use of medicines. Methods: A cross-sectional, pilot-tested questionnaire was administered to 6,675 Omani patients or their carers on exit from primary health care centres. Results: 66% of respondents visited multiple facilities on the same date for the same complaint and 51% failed to go for follow up to the same facility. 39% did not accept non-drug therapy and 30% preferred prescription of 3 or more medicines per visit. Many failed to ask how or when to take the medicines, where to store them at home and did not mention any current therapies they were taking. A total of 70% stopped taking their medicines when symptoms disappeared; 26% were unaware that most medicines have side-effects and 61% did not realise that injections are the riskiest dosage form. A total of 54% had definite colour and taste preferences; 43% practised self-medication and 68% never consulted the dispenser; 36% chose medicines based on previous experience and 33% exchanged medicines with others; 55% stored all their medicines in a fridge and 17% did not check the expiry date; 45% threw unused medicines away; 41% kept them for future use and only 12% returned them to a pharmacy or health facility. Conclusions: There is a widespread lack of knowledge about the appropriate use of medicines in Oman. Certain attitudes and beliefs can contribute to health risks and unnecessary expenditure. Many of these results could be improved by a well-targeted public education campaign.

Abdo-Rabbo, Ahmed; Al-Ansari, Manal; Gunn, Brian C; Suleiman, Batool J

2009-01-01

155

Environmental engineering education (E3) in the Gulf Co-operation Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

The six members of the Gulf Co-operation Countries (GCC)—Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates—are facing enormous environmental challenges associated with rapid urbanisation and industrialisation, especially in the last three decades, due to its role as a global hydrocarbon energy centre. None of these countries have systematic and specialised academic programmes with the sole purpose of

Majeed Jassim; Gulnur Coskuner

2007-01-01

156

Economic developments of GCC countries: An overview  

Microsoft Academic Search

The six countries of the Gulf Co-operation Council-GCC (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and UAE) are enjoying a spectacular economic boom-one that we expect to continue over the medium term. The GCC economy was set to surge past $1 trillion in nominal terms in 2008, marking a three-fold increase in only five years. This will push the GCC economy

G. M. Bhat; Kastoori Srinivas

2010-01-01

157

Commercial Contracts in Muslim Countries of the Middle East: A Comparison with the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Outside of the common law and civil law legal traditions, what is termed “Islamic law” forms one of the world’s largest legal systems. There are more than one billion Muslims world-wide, and millions of those Muslims populate some of the world’s richest trading zones. As of 2005, the Gulf Cooperation Council (G.C.C.), comprised of Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, Oman,

Jacqueline McCormack

2009-01-01

158

Middle East: Output expansions boost drilling  

SciTech Connect

Iraqi exports may return to the market in limited fashion, but none of the region`s producers seems particularly concerned. They believe that global oil demand is rising fast enough to justify their additions to productive capacity. The paper discusses exploration, drilling and development, and production in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, the Neutral Zone, Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Oman, Iran, Iraq, Yemen, Qatar, Syria, Turkey, and Sharjah. The paper also briefly mentions activities in Bahrain, Israel, Jordan, and Ras al Khaimah.

NONE

1996-08-01

159

An exploratory study on medications in Qatar homes  

PubMed Central

Background Drug therapy is the most often used intervention for treatment and prevention of disease. However, if used inappropriately, drugs can cause more harm than good. Improper drug storage and disposal can have a direct impact on public safety, the environment, and the health care services. The purpose of this study was to characterize medications stored in Qatar homes and to explore their methods of storage and disposal, and to identify the public’s source of information related to medicines. Methods For the purpose of this cross-sectional exploratory study, a list of telephone numbers was generated from Qatar’s telephone directory using a systematic sampling method. Individuals consenting to participate were interviewed using a multipart pretested survey instrument. Results Data were collected from a total of 49 homes. Most respondents did not have a designated compartment or box specifically for storing medications. The majority of drugs (48%) were kept in bedrooms and a number of respondents were keeping their drugs in the fridge and in the kitchen. The most often stored classes of medicines were analgesics, antihistamines, nutritional supplements, and medications used for the respiratory system. Most respondents disposed of unwanted medicines by throwing them in the trash. In about 15% of cases, the dosage of drug taken was different from the instructions on the label. Sharing of prescription medicines was not uncommon. The majority of respondents sought information related to drugs from doctors. Conclusion These findings raise concerns about how medications are stored and disposed of in the community. The fact that no household routinely returned unwanted medications to a pharmacy for proper disposal places the environment at risk. There is a need for more societal awareness about the safe handling and storage of drugs in the home, and about the professional role of the pharmacist.

Kheir, N; Hajj, MS El; Wilbur, K; Kaissi, RML; Yousif, A

2011-01-01

160

Fate and control of blistering chemical warfare agents in Kuwait`s desalination industry  

SciTech Connect

Kuwait, as most of the other states located along the Western shores of the Arabian Gulf, relies upon the Gulf as its main drinking water resource via desalination. In case of seawater contamination with blistering chemical warfare agents, traces of the agents and/or degradation products in the finished water might pose a serious health hazard. The objective of the present review is to study the potential contamination, transport, fate, effect and control of blistering chemical warfare agents (CWAs), in the Kuwaiti desalination industry. In general, all the environmental factors involved in the aquatic degradation of CWAs in Kuwait marine environment except for the high salinity in case of blistering agents such as sulphur mustard, and in favor of a fast degradation process. In case of massive releases of CWAs near the Kuwaiti shorelines, turbulence resulting from tidal cycles and high temperature will affect the dissolution process and extend the toxicity of the insoluble agent. Post- and pre-chlorination during the course of seawater desalination will catalyze and significantly accelerate the hydrolysis processes of the CWAs. The heat exerted on CWAs during the power generation-desalination processes is not expected to thermally decompose them. However, the steam heat will augment the agent`s rate of hydrolysis with subsequent acceleration in their rate of detoxification. Conventional pretreatment of feed seawater for reverse-osmosis desalination is theoretically capable of reducing the concentration of CWAs by coprecipitation and adsorption on flocs formed during coagulation. Prechlorination and prolonged detention in time in pretreatment units will simultaneously promote hydrolysis reactions. 50 refs.

Khordagui, H.K. [United Nations Economic and Social Commission for West Asia, Amman (Jordan)

1997-01-01

161

Morphology and Late Quaternary sedimentation in the Gulf of Oman Basin  

Microsoft Academic Search

The morphology of the Gulf of Oman Basin, a 3,400 m deep oceanic basin between Oman and southern Pakistan and southern Iran, ranges from a convergent margin (Makran margin) along the north side, a passive type (Oman margin) along the south side, translation types along the basin's west (Zendan Fault-Oman Line) and east (Murray Ridge) sides and a narrow continental rise

Elazar Uchupi; S. A. Swift; D. A. Ross

2002-01-01

162

Satellite Observations of Smoke from Oil Fires in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Extensive dark smoke clouds associated with burning oil wells in Kuwait have been seen in data from weather satellites since early February 1991. The smoke is dispersed over a wide area. Variable and strong low level winds have held most of the smoke plume below 3 to 5 kilometers within a few hundred kilometers of the source. Thin veils of

S. S. Limaye; V. E. Suomi; C. Velden; G. Tripoli

1991-01-01

163

Marine environmental impacts of power-desalination plants in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Kuwait's Ministry of Electricity and Water is planning to supplement the existing electric power generation capacity in the country by constructing new Combined-Cycle Gas-Turbine Stations at Shuaiba North Power Station and Subiya Power Station in order to meet the increasing power demand. The plans also include installation of a Multistage Flash Distillation Plant for seawater desalination at Shuaiba to increase

Ahmad Al-Dousari; Abdul Nabi Al-Ghadban; Neil C. Sturchio

2012-01-01

164

Pattern of non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to examine distinctive clinical characteristics of non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) patients in Kuwait including mode of presentation at diagnosis, family history of diabetes, therapeutic management and response to treatment. We studied 3299 Kuwaiti patients (1454 male (M) and 1845 female (F) subjects) registered in Salmiya diabetic clinic, a part of the national network

Nabila A. Abdella; Moustafa M. Khogali; Amani D. Salman; Shaker A. Ghuneimi; Jasbir S. Bajaj

1995-01-01

165

Aerosol and cloud condensation nuclei measurements in the Kuwait plume  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fast response in situ particle measurements within the Kuwait oil smoke plume showed that about 70% of the particles are cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) active at about 1% supersaturation. The CCN size range included the entire measured particle size range between 0.024 and 1 mum. The portion of the aerosol spectrum below 0.1 mum appeared to be internally mixed (various

James G. Hudson; Antony D. Clarke

1992-01-01

166

Characterization of Particulate Matter for Three Sites in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many studies have shown strong associations between particulate matter (PM) levels and a variety of health outcomes, leading to changes in air quality standards in many regions, especially the United States and Europe. Kuwait, a desert country located on the Persian Gulf, has a large petroleum industry with associated industrial and urban land uses. It was marked by environmental destruction

Kathleen Ward Brown; Walid Bouhamra; Denise P. Lamoureux; John S. Evans; Petros Koutrakis; David Grantz; James Winebrake; James Corbett; Aaron Falzarano; J. Hawker; Karl Korfmacher; Sai Ketha; Steve Zilora; Ove Bergersen; Ketil Haarstad; Serap Erdal; Laurel Berman; Daniel Hryhorczuk; Saeed Abolhasani; H. Frey; Kangwook Kim; William Rasdorf; Phil Lewis; Shih-Hao Pang; Allan Chambers; Melvin Strosher; Tony Wootton; Jan Moncrieff; Philip McCready; Litao Wang; Jiming Hao; Kebin He; Shuxiao Wang; Junhua Li; Qiang Zhang; David Streets; Joshua Fu; Carey Jang; Hideto Takekawa; Satoru Chatani; Stephanie Konopa; James Mulholland; Matthew Realff; Paul Lemieux; Jaehyun Lim; Liya Yu; Yu. Kostetski; Cheolsoo Lim; Jungho Ryu; Jongchoon Kim; Christian Hogrefe; Kevin Civerolo; Winston Hao; Jia-Yeong Ku; Eric Zalewsky; Gopal Sistla; Ram Hashmonay

2008-01-01

167

Deformities in silver pomfret Pampus argenteus caught from Kuwait waters  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During sampling for spawning stock of the silver pomfret, Pampus argenteus in Kuwait waters, a few seriously deformed individuals were captured. These individuals had been attacked and wounded, but had healed and survived. The fish body deformities are believed to be caused by predation attempts on silver pomfret by predators such as sharks, groupers, and croakers.

Almatar, Sulaiman; Chen, Weizhong

2010-11-01

168

Oxidation states of uranium in depleted uranium particles from Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

The oxidation states of uranium in depleted uranium (DU) particles were determined by synchrotron radiation based ?-XANES, applied to individual particles isolated from selected samples collected at different sites in Kuwait. Based on scanning electron microscopy with X-ray microanalysis prior to ?-XANES, DU particles ranging from submicrons to several hundred micrometers were observed. The median particle size depended on sources

B. Salbu; K. Janssens; O. C. Lind; K. Proost; L. Gijsels; P. R. Danesi

2004-01-01

169

Teachers' Perceptions of Underachievement in Elementary Schools in Kuwait  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focuses on teachers' perceptions of the problem of underachievement in elementary schools in Kuwait. Five hundred and twenty elementary school teachers participated. Teachers thought that the main reasons behind the problem of under-achievement in school could be attributed to family factors. They also indicated that the most related…

Al-Sahel, Rashed Ali

2005-01-01

170

Causal Factors and Management Options of Infertility in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To determine the main causes and management options of infertility in Kuwait. Methodology: Clinical evaluation, hormone profile of LH, FSH, prolactin and testosterone and midluteal phase progesterone, tubal patency tests, semen analysis and antisperm antibodies were assessed. Treatment included medical and surgical induction of ovulation. Male factor infertility was treated with antibiotics and immunosuppression when indicated, and empirically with

A. E. Omu; F. Al-Qattan; A. A. Ismail; S. I. Al-Taher; N. Al-Busiri; A. Bandar

2000-01-01

171

Effect of oil pollution on fresh groundwater in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Massive oil fires in Kuwait were the aftermath of the Gulf War. This resulted in the pollution of air, water, and soil, the magnitude of which is unparalleled in the history of mankind. Oil fires damaged several oil well heads, resulting in the flow of oil, forming large oil lakes. Products of combustion from oil well fires deposited over large

J. Al-Sulaimi; M. N. Viswanathan; F. Székely

1993-01-01

172

Collection and transportation cost of household solid waste in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

The specific aim of this funded research project was to examine and evaluate the efficiency and the effectiveness of the municipal solid waste collection and transportation system in the State of Kuwait. The contract resources of the seven contracting firms, the annual contract budgets, and the district area and population of each service contract are presented. Service efficiency and effectiveness

P. A. Koushki; U. Al-Duaij; W. Al-Ghimlas

2004-01-01

173

1,2Benzanthracene Derivatives in a Kuwait Mineral Oil  

Microsoft Academic Search

THE isolation of a number of polymethylanthracenes from fractions of a Kuwait crude oil has been reported by one of us1. The hydrocarbons were obtained by treatment of acetone extracts of the oil with maleic anhydride and chromatography of the material recovered from the acidic adducts by distillation from sodium hydroxide. We have now applied the same procedure to higher-boiling

W. Carruthers; A. G. Douglas

1961-01-01

174

Fifty years of MSF desalination in Kuwait and sustainability issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

Kuwait was the first country in the world to adopt desalting water as the main source of fresh water in the world. It was also the first to use the multi stage flash MSF desalting system in its present design in 1960. Many questions are raised about the sustainability of using seawater desalination as a main source of fresh water

M. A. Darwish; Ali Darwish; Amina Darwish

2011-01-01

175

The Lost Kuwait Initiative: The Failure Has Come from Within  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A conference titled "Preparing Special Education Teachers in Mild/Moderate Disabilities: Programs, Models, and Exemplary Field Experiences" was organized by College of Education at Kuwait University between April 11-13, 2010. This conference was intended to lead to a better teacher preparation program in the region in the area of mild and moderate…

Al-Hilawani, Yasser A.

2011-01-01

176

Determinants of breastfeeding initiation among mothers in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Exclusive breastfeeding is recommended as the optimal way to feed infants for the first six months of life. While overall breastfeeding rates are high, exclusive breastfeeding is relatively uncommon among Middle Eastern women. The objective of this study was to identify the incidence of breastfeeding amongst women in the six governorates of Kuwait and the factors associated with the

Manal Dashti; Jane A Scott; Christine A Edwards; Mona Al-Sughayer

2010-01-01

177

Investigating Students' Beliefs about Arabic Language Programs at Kuwait University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study attempted to identify students' of Arabic programs beliefs about their chosen programs. To achieve this purpose, a survey was developed to collect the data from randomly selected students in liberal-arts and education-based programs at Kuwait University. The results showed that students were statistically differentiated as a…

Al-Shaye, Shaye S.

2009-01-01

178

Aetiologies of Autism: Psychodynamic, Pharmacological and Behavioural, Related to Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Autism is a severe form of childhood psychopathology which has enormous impact on the child, his\\/her family, and the wider community. It challenges the expertise of doctors, teachers and therapists.In Kuwait, recognition of the disorder is still in its infancy. However, the government has established a new Centre for Autism, the first of its kind in the country, to provide

Joyce I. Fields

1996-01-01

179

Morphologic characteristics and development of falling dunes, northeast Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Falling dunes are the most common aeolian landform in northeast Kuwait. They are associated with the Jal Az-Zor escarpment. Comparison of aerial photographs from 1972 and 1992 indicates that these dunes developed recently. This change in a relatively short period is attributable mainly to drought, intensive land use and availability of sand source linked to surface disturbance. Military activities during

A. Al-Enezi; K. Pye; R. Misak; S. Al-Hajraf

2008-01-01

180

Optical extinction properties of smoke from the Kuwait oil fires  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aircraft-based measurements of optical extinction, optical scattering, and particle mass concentrations were obtained in the smoke from the Kuwait oil fires during May and June 1991. These measurements were used to derive optical absorption, single-scattering albedo (omega~), specific absorption and the amount of soot in the smoke. Measurements were made in smoke from individual oil wells, pool fires and in

Ray E. Weiss; Peter V. Hobbs

1992-01-01

181

Mapping the vegetation of Kuwait through reconnaissance soil survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous studies on the vegetation of Kuwait showed dominance of five plant communities; however, due to both natural and human factors, the vegetation has been altered. In the present study, a vegetation map was prepared by integrating soil information and vegetation information in a Geographic Information System (GIS). A reconnaissance field survey was conducted at scale 1:100,000 for the entire

Samira A. S. Omar; Rafat Misak; Peter King; Shabbir A. Shahid; Haana Abo-Rizq; Gerard Grealish; Waleed Roy

2001-01-01

182

Energy and water in Kuwait: A sustainability viewpoint, Part II  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Kuwait, the daily consumption per capita of electric power is 14,000 kWh, and of desalted water is 600 L. These are among the highest in the world, and the total consumption of each is almost doubled every 10 years. The cogeneration power desalting plants CPDP producing these two commodities consumed about 54% of the total 150 millions barrels of

M. A. Darwish; A. M. Darwish

2008-01-01

183

Managing Quality from a Distance: A Case Study of Collaboration Between Oman and New Zealand  

Microsoft Academic Search

Both the public and private higher education sectors in Oman are undergoing rapid change in the number and type of local and foreign degrees offered. The Sultanate is developing a comprehensive quality assurance system to ensure the educational appropriateness of all degrees awarded in Oman. This paper examines the collaboration between the Ministry of Higher Education in Oman and the

Susan O’Rourke; H. A. Al Bulushi

2010-01-01

184

Solar electricity prospects in Oman using GIS-based solar radiation maps  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses solar power prospects in Oman. First, the geographic and topographic information about Oman are presented. The methodology of producing solar radiation maps using GIS tools is then discussed. The results obtained show very high potential of solar radiation over all the lands of Oman during the whole year. A slope analysis has allowed calculating the yearly electricity

Adel Gastli; Yassine Charabi

2010-01-01

185

Building Capacity for Oman's Online Teacher Training: Making an International Partnership Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Sultanate of Oman recently investigated the viability of online teacher training through a joint project funded by the U.S. Middle East Partnership Initiative and the Oman Ministry of Education. One aspect of the project was to build sufficient capacity within the Ministry to enable Oman to produce online training in the future. This article…

Sales, Gregory C.; Al-Rahbi, Fathiya

2008-01-01

186

Building Capacity for Oman's Online Teacher Training: Making an International Partnership Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Sultanate of Oman recently investigated the viability of online teacher training through a joint project funded by the U.S. Middle East Partnership Initiative and the Oman Ministry of Education. One aspect of the project was to build sufficient capacity within the Ministry to enable Oman to produce online training in the future. This article…

Sales, Gregory C.; Al-Rahbi, Fathiya

2008-01-01

187

Source apportionment of fine particles in Kuwait City.  

PubMed

This study investigated major sources of PM2.5 in the atmosphere of Kuwait based on a sampling program conducted between February 2004 and October 2005. Three source identification techniques were used in this study: (1) a positive matrix factorization model; (2) backward trajectory profiles; and (3) concentration rose plots. Five major sources of PM2.5 were estimated. These were sand dust (sand storms), oil combustion (power plants), petrochemical industry (fertilizer, nylon or catalyst regeneration facilities), traffic (vehicle emissions and road dust) and transported emissions (emissions from outside Kuwait, such as those from automobiles, road dust or smelters). The estimated contributions to PM2.5 of these sources were: 54% from sand dust, 18% from oil combustion, 12% from petrochemical industry, 11% from traffic and 5% from anthropogenic sources transported from outside the country. Oil combustion, petrochemical industry and traffic were found to emanate from local sources, whereas sand dust and some emissions from traffic, and possibly smelters, appeared to originate from sources outside of Kuwait (transported). The PM2.5 levels in Kuwait during our previous sampling study averaged 53?g/m(3). More than half of the measured PM2.5 appears to have been due to crustal material, much originating outside of the country. However, the relatively high levels of PM2.5 contributed by anthropogenic local sources, such as oil combustion, petrochemical industry emissions, and traffic indicated that there may be great opportunities for Kuwait to improve public health. The application of cost-effective emission controls and development of forward looking environmental health policies have the potential to significantly reduce emissions, population exposures to PM2.5 and the burden of mortality and morbidity from air pollution. PMID:23270730

Alolayan, Mohammad A; Brown, Kathleen W; Evans, John S; Bouhamra, Walid S; Koutrakis, Petros

2012-12-25

188

Perception of aging and ageism among women in Qatar.  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to find out the perceptions of age and aging among women in Qatar. Respondents consisted of 250 women aged between 20 and 70 years, selected from those attending the health centers in Doha city, the capital of Qatar. They were interviewed using a pretested validated questionnaire, and data were collected through direct face-to-face interviews using the incidental sampling method. It was found that physical appearance and mental alertness were the most important criteria for defining aging in men and women. A statistically significant association was found between age of respondents and physical criteria for aging such as hair color (p < .000) in women and body image in men (p < .0298). As for aging characteristics, decreasing hearing ability (p < .000), performance as before (p < .004), more irritability (p < .0227), ability to travel alone (p < .0429), needs check up (p < .001), and needs a geriatric home (p < .001) were statistically associated with age of women studied. Both positive (socializing factors, independence, housework, retirement, and geriatric care) and negative stereotyping (care for self, learning capabilities, irritability, and worries) with regard to aging were evident among the Qatari women. In general, Qatari women had several positive attitudes toward aging. Such attitudes could be utilized in any health promotion for elderly people. PMID:23767841

Musaiger, Abdulrahman O; D'Souza, Reshma; Al-Roomi, Khaldoon

2013-01-01

189

Introduction of East African cassava mosaic Zanzibar virus to Oman harks back to "Zanzibar, the capital of Oman".  

PubMed

Cassava mosaic disease (CMD) is the most devastating disease of the subsistence crop cassava (Manihot esculenta) across Africa and the Indian subcontinent. The disease is caused by viruses of the genus Begomovirus (family Geminiviridae)-seven species have been identified so far. The Sultanate of Oman is unusual among countries in Arabia in growing cassava on a small scale for local consumption. During a recent survey in A'Seeb wilayat of Muscat governorate, Oman, cassava plants were identified with symptoms typical of CMD. A begomovirus, East African cassava mosaic Zanzibar virus (EACMZV), was isolated from symptomatic plants. This virus was previously only known to occur in Zanzibar and Kenya. During the 19th Century, Zanzibar was governed by Oman and was so important that the Sultan of Oman moved his capital there from Muscat. After a period of colonial rule, the governing Arab elite was overthrown, following independence in the 1960s, and many expatriate Omanis returned to their homeland. Having gained a liking for the local Zanzibar cuisine, it appears that returning Omanis did not wish to do without dishes made from one particular favorite, cassava. Consequently, they carried planting material back to Oman for cultivation in their kitchen gardens. The evidence suggests that this material harbored EACMZV. Recently, Oman has been shown to be a nexus for geminiviruses and their associated satellites from diverse geographic origins. With their propensity to recombine, a major mechanism for evolution of geminiviruses, and the fact that Oman (and several other Arabian countries) is a major hub for trade and travel by air and sea, the possibility of onward spread is worrying. PMID:23085885

Khan, Akhtar J; Akhtar, Sohail; Al-Matrushi, Abdulrahman M; Fauquet, Claude M; Briddon, Rob W

2012-10-20

190

Kuwait Acute Coronary Syndromes Registry: Baseline Characteristics, Management Practices and In-Hospital Outcomes of Patients Hospitalized with Acute Coronary Syndromes in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To identify the characteristics of patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS), their hospital management and in-hospital outcomes, through a prospective registry system in Kuwait. Subjects and Methods: A registry involving all 7 general hospitals in Kuwait was set up. Consecutive patients diagnosed as having ACS over a period of 6 months were enrolled. Results: Of 2,129 patients enrolled, 718

Mohammad Zubaid; Wafa A. Rashed; Hisham Saad; Ali Attiya; Bassam Abu Al-Banat; Mustafa Ridha; Muhammad H. Al-Kandari; Ghassan Baidas; Rashed Al-Hamdan; Shaheed Zubair; Lukman Thalib

2007-01-01

191

Strategic Approach to Improving Maternal Survival in Oman  

PubMed Central

This study of maternal mortality in Oman tries to answer the question: Is the Fifth Millennium Development Goal achievable in Oman or not? In Oman, Maternal Mortality Ratio currently stands at 22.9/100,000, a reduction of 38.9% from its 37.5/100,000 in 2002. This figure suggests that much needs to be done to accelerate progress towards the achievement of the Fifth Millennium Development Goal. Characteristics of 135 Omani women who died during pregnancy, labour or puerperium during the period 1990-2005 were studied. Data related to maternal health in Oman were also scrutinized, e.g. age of first marriage, ante-natal, natal and post-natal care, birth spacing, fertility and perinatal mortality. The study calls for accelerated efforts and renewed commitment to maternal health and recommends a framework for national strategic directions to scale up access to essential interventions to reduce maternal mortality in Oman and move closer to the achievement of the Fifth Millennium Development Goal.

Alshishtawy, Mo'ness M.

2008-01-01

192

Occupational therapy in Oman: the impact of cultural dissonance.  

PubMed

Occupational therapy theory and philosophy are broadly considered to be based on Western cultural values. In contrast, the application of theory and practice in the Sultanate of Oman, historically based on traditional Middle Eastern and Islamic cultural values, provides a case exemplar, which highlights both paradigmatic differences and cultural dissonance. Drawing on the experiences of occupational therapists working in Oman, this study found that the application of therapeutic goals aimed at patient independence and autonomy were difficult to achieve in an environment where family duty and responsibility for care were highly prized. Dressing and cooking assessments were challenging, and issues related to gender proved problematic. Therapists found the need to adapt practice to acknowledge these differences, and to adopt pragmatic problem-solving strategies, without resolving the underpinning philosophical contradictions. Occupational therapy in Oman is under-researched; further work is needed to confirm the cross-cultural validity of specific assessments and practice models. PMID:22674836

Al Busaidy, Najat Saif Mohammed; Borthwick, Alan

2012-06-06

193

Hydrogeological Evaluation of Qatar Peninsula Using LANDSAT Imagery and Geophysical Data.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The application of image processing techniques to landsat satellite images proved to be of major significance in the evaluation of the hydrogeological situation in Qatar peninsula. The images are correlatable with the geophysical resistivity maps of the p...

M. A. Yehia I. E. Harhash

1982-01-01

194

Ambivalent journey: Teacher career paths in Oman  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study investigated the career paths of 625 university graduates who prepared to be secondary school teachers in Oman, their assessment of their current work situation, and the extent to which their initial commitment to teaching was related to their subsequent career satisfaction and intention to remain in teaching. While nearly all graduates entered teaching, their decision was marked by ambivalence. Nearly half of the graduates reported being only somewhat or not at all committed to teaching as a career when they graduated. It also appears that initial commitment to teaching operates as an important lens through which teachers view their subsequent careers. Those initially more committed to teaching were more likely to be satisfied with the progress they made in their career, more likely to think that their current teaching position offered them opportunities for advancement, and more likely to want to remain in teaching than were graduates who had a lower initial commitment to teaching. The authors discuss both the theoretical and practical implications of these findings.

Chapman, David W.; Al-Barwani, Thuwayba; Mawali, Fathiya Al; Green, Elizabeth

2012-06-01

195

Culmination collapse in Fanjah saddle, Oman  

SciTech Connect

Culmination collapse structures in the central Oman Mountains have overprinted and clouded the surface expression of deep-seated regional structures, as typified by the Fanjah Saddle. The saddle forms a domain of low structural relief situated along the trend of a series of major structural culminations. It is bounded on the east and west by the plunging noses of the parautochthonous Mesozoic shelf carbonates of the Saih Hatat and Jabal Nakhl culminations, respectively, and contains a stack of Late Cretaceous basinal and ophiolitic thrust sheets. Culmination collapse, initiated by backslip movement of the dense overlying nappes, has resulted in a saddle geometry containing both extensional and compressional regimes. Listric normal faults in the culminations converge toward the saddle and serve as feeder zones to the saddle core which acts as a sink for the thrust sheets. Smaller surge zones with extensional trailing edges and compressional fronts defined by recumbent folds radiate outward from the culminations. This has been superimposed over earlier isoclinal folding produced by the emplacement of the overlying nappes. The final result is a complex internal geometry and distribution pattern of structures. Distinguishing these shallow deformational events from deep seated structural styles is essential for the correct extrapolation of surface data to the subsurface in any exploration program.

Coffield, D.Q.

1984-04-01

196

Oil and gas developments in Middle East in 1984  

SciTech Connect

Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1984 totaled 4,088,853,000 bbl (an average rate of 11,144,407 BOPD), down less than 1.0% from the revised total of 4,112,116,000 bbl produced in 1983. Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, and Oman had significant increases; Iran and Dubai had significant decreases. Jordan produced oil, although a minor amount, for the first time ever, and new production facilities were in the planning stage in Syria, North Yemen, and Oman, which will bring new fields on stream when completed.

Hemer, D.O.; Lyle, J.H.

1985-10-01

197

Oil and gas developments in Middle East in 1984  

SciTech Connect

Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1984 totaled 4,088,853,000 bbl (an average rate of 11,144,407 BOPD), down less than 1.0% from the revised total of 4,112,116,000 bbl produced in 1983. Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, and Oman had significant increases; Iran and Dubai had significant decreases. Jordan produced oil, although a minor amount, for the first time ever, and new production facilities were in the planning stage in Syria, North Yemen, and Oman, which will bring new fields on stream when completed. 4 figures, 9 tables.

Hemer, D.O.; Lyle, J.H.

1985-10-01

198

Type 2 diabetes in the sultanate of Oman.  

PubMed

During the past four decades, Oman has undergone a rapid socioe-conomic and epidemiological transition leading to a substantial reduction in the prevalence of various communicable diseases, including vaccine-preventable diseases. Health care planning together with the commitment of policy makers has been a critical factor in this reduction. However, with rapid social and economic growth, lifestyle-related non communicable diseases have emerged as new health challenges to the country. Diabetes and obesity are leading risks posed by the chronic diseases. The burden of diabetes has increased sharply in Oman over the last decade, rising from 8.3% in 1991 to 11.6% in 2000 among adults aged 20 years and older. The World Health Organization (WHO) predicted an increase of 190% in the number of subjects living with diabetes in Oman over the next 20 years, rising from 75,000 in 2000 to 217,000 in 2025. There is a lack of awareness of the major risk factors for diabetes mellitus in the Omani population generally. As education is often the most significant predictor of knowledge regarding risk factors, complications and the prevention of diabetes, health promotion in Oman is deemed critical, along with other prevention and control measures. Suitable prevention strategies for reducing the prevalence of diabetes in Oman are discussed. Recommendations are made for reforms in the current health care system; otherwise, diabetes will constitute a major drain on Oman's human and financial resources, threatening the advances in health and longevity achieved over the past decades. PMID:22135872

Al-Shookri, A; Khor, G L; Chan, Y M; Loke, S C; Al-Maskari, M

2011-04-01

199

78 FR 39712 - Critical Infrastructure Protection and Cyber Security Trade Mission to Saudi Arabia and Kuwait...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Critical Infrastructure Protection and Cyber Security Trade Mission to Saudi Arabia and Kuwait Clarification and Amendment AGENCY: International Trade Administration, Department of Commerce....

2013-07-02

200

Isolation and identification of arboviruses from the Sultanate of Oman.  

PubMed Central

Sentinel herds and a vector surveillance system were used to identify the presence of arboviruses in Oman. Two strains of bluetongue virus (BTV) serotype 4 and two strains of Akabane virus, were isolated and identified. Both BTV isolates and one Akabane virus isolate came from goats while the second Akabane isolate came from Culicoides imicola. This is the first isolation of an Akabane virus from Culicoides in Arabia. Vector competence studies with the Oman viruses in laboratory reared C. variipennis showed that after oral infection both viruses replicated in Culicoides and were maintained at high titre for at least 10 days post infection. Images Fig. 2

al-Busaidy, S. M.; Mellor, P. S.

1991-01-01

201

Bluetongue in the Sultanate of Oman, a preliminary epidemiological study.  

PubMed Central

A group specific agar-gel immunodiffusion test was used to demonstrate that there is a frequent and widespread distribution of bluetongue virus throughout the Sultanate of Oman. The Culicoides midges C. imicola and C. schultzei, both capable of transmitting bluetongue group viruses, were recorded throughout the year. Although these studies did not establish that bluetongue is enzootic in Oman, type-specific neutralizing antibody results supported previous evidence for the existence of a Saudi Arabian bluetongue ecosystem. Variations in antibody evidence of virus activity within a restricted locality suggested a hot-spot theory concerning the perpetuation of the virus.

Taylor, W. P.; al Busaidy, S. M.; Mellor, P. S.

1991-01-01

202

LNG projects make progress in Oman and Yemen  

SciTech Connect

Two LNG projects in the Middle East, one in Oman and the other in Yemen, are due on stream at the turn of the century--each the largest single project ever put together in its country. Officials described their projects at a yearend 1996 conference in Paris by Institut Francais du Petrole and Petrostrategies. The Oman project develops gas reserves, does gas processing, and transports the gas 360 km to a liquefaction plant to be built on the coast. The Yemen project involves a liquefaction plant and an export terminal.

NONE

1997-02-24

203

Application of indices for air quality management in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of the present work is to adapt an earlier uniform ambient air quality index structure to fit the unique local\\u000a environmental conditions prevailing in Kuwait. The new index is based on linear segmented functions for calculating subindices\\u000a and a maximum operator function for calculating the overall index. It incorporates five regularly monitored air pollutants\\u000a (total suspended particulates, sulfur

Hosny K. Khordagui; Dhari N. Al-Ajmi

1996-01-01

204

Trace metal speciation in marine sediments from Sulaibikhat Bay, Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

The chemical speciation of trace metals (Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn) in marine sediments from Sulaibikhat Bay, Kuwait was determined using a three-step sequential extraction procedure. To obtain a mass balance, a fourth step, i.e. digestion and analysis of the residue was undertaken using a microwave-assisted acid digestion procedure. The sum of the 4 steps (acid-soluble +

Hassan Alshemmari; Lulwa Ali; Yousef Alotaibi

2012-01-01

205

Palaeohydrogeology and Water Quality Control of the Tertiary Aquifer, Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

The State of Kuwait is located at the northwestern corner of the Arabian Gulf and covers an area of about ?18,000 km2. The aquifer under investigation is the Eocene Dammam limestone aquifer. This paper discusses the hydrochemistry of the aquifer through the period 1972–2002 in order to identify the chemical and genetic types of groundwater, and to reveal the prevailing

F. M. Al-Ruwaih; L. A. Talebi; J. Almedeij

2007-01-01

206

Health promotion and education activities of community pharmacists in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives To investigate self-reported practice of pharmacists regarding health promotion and education activities, explore the barriers\\u000a that may limit their involvement in health promotion and education, and identify their willingness to participate in continuing\\u000a education programs related to health education. Setting Community pharmacies in Kuwait. Method A descriptive cross-sectional study was performed using a pre-tested questionnaire on a sample of

Abdelmoneim AwadEman Abahussain; Eman Abahussain

2010-01-01

207

Air quality assessment in Southern Kuwait using diffusive passive samplers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Measurements of fortnightly average concentrations of NO, NO2, SO2, H2S, NH3, and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) (aromatics = benzene, toluene, o-xylene, m + p-xylene, ethyl benzene; non-aromatics\\u000a = nonane and octane) were carried out in the period from 26\\/10\\/05 to 24\\/11\\/05 at 20 points in the southern part of Kuwait\\u000a as part of a baseline environmental impact assessment study requested

A. A. Ramadan

2010-01-01

208

Mutations Associated with Beta-Thalassemia intermedia in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To identify the ?-globin gene mutations associated with ?-thalassemia (?-thal) intermedia in Kuwait. Subjects and Methods: Eighteen patients from 13 unrelated families, mean age 12.7 ± 8.1 years, range 4–31 years, were involved in the study. They did not require regular blood transfusion. Complete blood count and cation exchange high-performance liquid chromatography hemoglobin quantitation were carried out using standard

Adekunle Adekile; Mohammad Haider; Ferdane Kutlar

2005-01-01

209

The efficiency of public schools: the case of Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the technical, and allocative efficiencies of public schools in Kuwait over four levels of schooling (kindergartens, primary, intermediate and secondary) and two periods (1999\\/2000 and 2004\\/2005) using data envelopment analysis. Mean pure technical efficiency varies between 0.695 and 0.852 across all levels of education; the majority of schools at kindergarten, primary and intermediate levels are operating at

Nadeem A. Burney; Jill Johnes; Mohammed Al-Enezi; Marwa Al-Musallam

2011-01-01

210

Preliminary evaluation of Salicornia production and utilization in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In 1988, staff of the Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, KISR, and the Environmental Research Laboratory, ERL, of the\\u000a University of Arizona, embarked upon a research and development program with a selection of the halophyte Salicornia, gathered\\u000a from the coastlines of the Americas, termed Salicornia Oilseed Selection No. 7 or SOS-7.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a An appropriate testing site was developed at Medairah on

James J. Riley; Mandi Abdal

211

Characterisation of DU Particles from Kosovo and Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Large amounts of DU material has been released to the environmentin Kosovo and Kuwait due to the use of depleted uranium (DU)\\u000a ammunitionduring the 1991 Gulf war and the 1999 Balkan conflict. Following the impact ofmetallic DU penetrators on solid targets,\\u000a DU particles are dispersed and ignited,and uranium in the particles is oxidized. Following inhalation or ingestion ofDU particles,\\u000a the

Ole Christian Lind; Brit Salbu; Koen Janssens; Kristof Proost; Pier Roberto Danesi

212

Violence against nurses in healthcare facilities in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

A national cross-sectional survey was conducted to document the prevalence and determinants of violence against nurses in healthcare facilities in Kuwait. It involved all nurses employed in all types of health-related facilities and available in the country in May 1999. The questionnaire was completed by 5876 nurses (85% females, 88% non-Kuwaitis). Verbal violence had been experienced in the 6 previous

Salim M Adib; Ahmad K Al-Shatti; Shadia Kamal; Najwa El-Gerges; Mariam Al-Raqem

2002-01-01

213

Burn mortality during 1982 to 1997 in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study group is comprised of 234 patients (6.4%) who died out of 3680 patients treated for burn injuries during the period January 1982 to December 1997 in Kuwait. There were 112 (47.9%) males and 122 (52.1%) females and their mean age was 30 years (range 1–93) when compared with 24 years among survivors. The high mortality amongst two age

R. L. Bang; P. N. Sharma; R. K. Gang; I. E. Ghoneim; M. K. Ebrahim

2000-01-01

214

Performance of autoclaved aerated-concrete masonry walls in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

The masonry walls used in building construction in Kuwait are non-load bearing. Traditionally, normalweight concrete blocks\\u000a have been used throughout the region. However, with the enforcement of the Kuwaiti energy conservation code, autoclaved aerated-concrete\\u000a blocks were introduced in 1985 as an efficient masonry material that can provide the necessary thermal insulation properties\\u000a without the use of specific thermal insulation materials.

Hayfaa A. Al-Mudhaf; Emmanuel K. Attiogbe

1996-01-01

215

Trace gas measurements in the Kuwait oil fire smoke plume  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report trace gas measurements made both inside and outside the Kuwait oil-fire smoke plume during a flight of an instrumented research aircraft on May 30, 1991. Concentrations of SO2, CO, and NOx averaged vertically and horizontally throughout the plume 80 km downwind of Kuwait City were 106, 127, and 9.1 parts per billion by volume (ppbv), respectively, above background concentrations. With the exception of SO2, trace gas concentrations were far below typical U.S. urban levels and primary national ambient air quality standards. Ambient ozone was titrated by NO in the dark, dense core of the smoke plume close to the fires, and photochemical ozone production was limited to the diffuse edge of the plume. Photochemical O3 production was noted throughout the plume at a distance of 160 km downwind of Kuwait City, and averaged 2.3 ppbv per hour during the first 3 hours of transport. Little additional photochemical production was noted at a downwind range of 340 km. The fluxes of sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide, and reactive nitrogen from the roughly 520 fires still burning on May 30, 1991 are estimated at 1.4 × 107 kg SO2/d, 6.9 × 106 kg CO/d, and 2.7 × 105 kg N/d, respectively. Generally low concentrations of CO and NOx indicate that the combustion was efficient and occurred at low temperatures. Low total nonmethane hydrocarbon concentrations suggest that the volatile components of the petroleum were burned efficiently.

Luke, W. T.; Kok, G. L.; Schillawski, R. D.; Zimmerman, P. R.; Greenberg, J. P.; Kadavanich, M.

1992-09-01

216

Recreational value of an oasis in Oman.  

PubMed

Increasing demand for water to develop non-agricultural activities is causing water to be diverted to high-value uses at the expense of irrigation. However, agriculture provides a flow of amenities in the desert environment which are not either accounted or paid. Oases are spread all over the globe and are threatened for various reasons among which is the high pressure of demand for fresh water. This paper estimates the recreation use value of an oasis. The paper is based on the Misfat Al-Abryeen oasis in Oman, a man-made area of streams and woodland. The travel cost method is used through an on-site questionnaire distributed to 230 visitors. Around 75% of visitors to the oasis also visited other historical or ecological sites during the same day-trip. The econometric model is estimated using negative binomial regression with endogenous stratification. The average consumer surplus, or benefit, from visiting Misfat Al-Abryeen is estimated at US$ 104.74 per individual per trip. The total social benefit from this oasis is estimated at $366,590 per year. These results underscore the importance of the role played by irrigated agriculture in the provision of amenity services for the tourism sector in a desert environment. The sustainability of the irrigation activity depends on the recognition of the recreation role of oases and the transfer of part of these benefits to the farmers who maintain the irrigation system. The implementation of an entrance fee to the oasis might increase farmers' profit by 6-21%. PMID:21519874

Zekri, Slim; Mbaga, Msafiri; Fouzai, Ayoub; Al-Shaqsi, Saif

2011-04-26

217

Evolution of Ethnodominated Marketing Channels: Evidence from Oman and Sudan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ethnic domination of marketing channels is very common throughout the developing work. The phenomenon often has become closely associated with volatile political issues, such as unequal distribution of wealth or perceived foreign domination of the national economy. Ethnodomination arises when an external commercially oriented economy penetrates a subsistence agricultural economy. Historical records on Oman show in detail how such a

Mark Speece

1990-01-01

218

FIRST REPORT OF PUCCINIA SORGHI ON MAIZE IN OMAN.  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Maize (Zea mays L.) is an important annual forage crop cultivated in the Sultanate of Oman during the summer months. It is used both for green fodder and grains and often intercropped in fruit orchards especially under date palms. In April 2005, leaf samples showing rust symptoms were collected fro...

219

Sediment deformation and plate tectonics in the Gulf of Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

The continental margin off the Makran coast of Iran and Pakistan is an excellent example of active deformation of sediments at a compressive plate boundary. Seismic reflection profiles across the margin suggest that relatively flat-lying sediments from the Oman abyssal plain are being scraped off the Arabian plate and accreted onto the Eurasian plate in a series of tightly folded

R. S. White; K. Klitgord

1976-01-01

220

Barriers to Adopting Technology for Teaching and Learning in Oman  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigates the perceived barriers to adopting information and communication technologies (ICT) in Omani higher education. One hundred faculty members from four different departments at the College of Applied Sciences in Oman participated in the study. The participants took a survey, which was developed based on the Western…

Al-Senaidi, Said; Lin, Lin; Poirot, Jim

2009-01-01

221

FIRST REPORT OF PUCCINIA TRITICINA ON WHEAT IN OMAN  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is an important crop in the Sultanate of Oman, cultivated both as a forage crop for livestock and for grain production. In April 2005, leaf samples of an unknown local variety showing rust symptoms were collected from Rustaq, 100 km south west of Muscat. Circular to ova...

222

Use and Impact of ICT on SMEs in Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the results of an exploratory study carried out to learn about the use and impact of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) on Small and Medium Sized Enterprises (SMEs) in Oman. The study investigates ICT infrastructure, software used, driver for ICT investment, perceptions about business benefits of ICT and outsourcing trends of SMEs. The study provides an insight

Rafi Ashrafi; Muhammed Murtaza

223

Assessment of the Histopathological Lesions and Chemical Analysis of Feral Cats to the Smoke from Kuwait Oil Fires.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Twenty-six adult or subadult feral cats were collected from Kuwait approximately 8 months after the ignition of the Kuwait oil wells. These animals were obtained from two sources: 12 animals from Kuwait City, a relatively Co smoke-free area, and 14 from t...

R. B. Moeller V. F. Kalasinsky M. Razzaque J. A. Centeno E. J. Dick

1994-01-01

224

Wind Energy in Oman —Current Status and Future Development—  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The wind regime in Oman coupled with an extensive coastline and vast unpopulated areas have to potential to contribute significantly to the future electricity supply of the country. However, wind energy is not quite as simple to implement as some other renewable energy sources. The analysis of ground stations measurements, indicate a higher potential in the southern parts of Oman. This region is swept by a monsoon system during the summer season. Local circulation is also contributing significantly to the wind system during the other seasons ensuring sustainable wind circulation in the region all over the year. Few studies were published with respect of the possible use of wind energy in Oman. These studies used wind data based on ground measurements provided by the Department of Meteorology in Oman. This Department is currently running 29 weather stations scattered around the country and collecting wind data at 10m above the ground. Due to the complexity of the terrain in Oman, the spatial and temporal coverage of the actual meteorological network in Oman presents some inadequacy with the needs of the wind power industries in term of data sets and they are intended mainly to serve meteorological navigation applications. To assess the future wind power implementation a comprehensive overview of wind resources at different scales is needed. With the current available computational power, it is possible to realize the use of high resolution Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP) models to provide wind data usable for wind energy resource assessment. Due to the uncertainties in the NWP forecasts, in-situ measurements such as wind profiler need to be considered as well for the NWP models validation. Because of the spatial components of wind energy assessment, including potential energy demand, land use and existing transmission lines, Geographical Information System (GIS) is a valuable technology that can be also used during the planning and implementation phases of the wind energy systems to select the optimal site for the future wind farm implementation. This paper summarizes the current state of wind energy resource assessment in Oman and highlights the framework for future studies.

Al-Yahyai, Sultan

2010-05-01

225

Petroleum Development Oman gas exploration unlocks major new reserves  

SciTech Connect

Since 1985, Petroleum Development Oman (PDO) has been exploring for gas on behalf of the Government of Oman under a ten-year agreement signed in June 1984. The aim of the one-rig programme was to find additional non-associated gas reserves (3 TCF) to meet domestic energy requirements for a minimum of 40 years, for which the available reserves at that time (5.6 TCF) were insufficient. Initial results of the campaign, which principally targeted the Permian Khuff Formation, were disappointing, analogues to the major accumulations of the Arabian Gulf failing to materialise. During the second half of the programme, therefore, the strategy was revised to address the prospectivity of higher risk/higher reward plays recognised at greater depths. Well Saih Nihayda-24, drilled in 1989, found gas/condensate-bearing reservoirs in Cambro/Ordovician sandstones of the Andam Formation below 4000 metres. This discovery, in a seismically poorly defined anticline, sparked an intensive effort of 2D, and later 3D, long cable seismic acquisition. This led in 1991 to additional major gas/condensate finds in Saih Rawl and Barik, and a dedicated two-year two-rig appraisal campaign has since proven up sufficient reserves to support an LNG gas export scheme. The ten-year programme has more than tripled Oman`s non-associated gas expectation reserves to some 22 TCF, exceeding-the target more than five-fold. Significant potential for further gas discoveries identified in both North and South Oman provides encouragement for continued successful gas exploration in the future.

Wood, A.; Mozetic, A.

1995-08-01

226

Stratigraphic and regional distribution of fractures in Barremian–Aptian carbonate rocks of Eastern Oman: outcrop data and their extrapolation to Interior Oman hydrocarbon reservoirs  

Microsoft Academic Search

The carbonates of the Barremian to Aptian Qishn Formation are outcrop equivalents to major hydrocarbon reservoirs in the Middle East and in Oman specifically. The rocks are exposed in the Haushi–Huqf area of eastern Oman where they are affected by pervasive jointing and localized folding and faulting. Information gathered in the Huqf outcrops can be used to formulate predictions on

G. Bertotti; A. Immenhauser; J. K. J. Taal-van Koppen

2005-01-01

227

Primary School Teachers' Perceptions regarding ICT Usage and Equipment in Kuwait  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Education institutions around the world have seen rapid advances in ICT (Information Communication Technology) within the classroom since the mid 90's. Kuwait has realized the need for a high quality education system, and has seen huge increases in government funding for schools over the last 10 years. However, Kuwait's spending on technology and…

Alharbi, Ghazwa

2012-01-01

228

Establishing an integrated databank for plastic manufacturers and converters in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the past decade, plastic solid waste (PSW) has increased drastically in the state of Kuwait, amounting to 13% of the waste load. Most ends up in landfills with only a minor percentage being recycled. In this study, a databank was established to include plastic manufacturers and converters in Kuwait. The aim was to assess the amount of plastic waste

S. M. Al-Salem

2009-01-01

229

An overview of the surface and near-surface geology, geomorphology and natural resources of Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

The surface and near-surface geology, geomorphology and natural resources of Kuwait have been reviewed based on the published work. The stratigraphy and structure of the near-surface sediments of Kuwait have been mainly controlled by the Tertiary tectonic activity of the Arabian Shield. The shield started separating from the African mainland by the close of the Eocene and drifted northeastward towards

J. Al-Sulaimi; A. Mukhopadhyay

2000-01-01

230

In Defence of oil: Britain's response to the Iraqi threat towards Kuwait, 1961  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article outlines the United Kingdom Government's response to the perceived Iraqi military threat towards Kuwait in June?July 1961. It is argued that the decision to take the threat seriously was based on the perception of Kuwait's importance to British national interests coupled with the view that the Iraqis could launch a small?scale surprise attack. While it has been argued

1996-01-01

231

The post-Gulf-War shrimp fishery management in the territorial waters of Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Kuwait has been self-sufficient to fulfill its requirement of shrimp consumption. Thirteen species of penaeid shrimp are known to occur in Kuwait waters. Two of the species, namely Penaeus semisulcatus and Metapenaeus affinis, are being caught in bulk. Approximately 3 Gg of shrimp have been caught annually by artisanal as well as industrial fishing units as 24 dhow boats and

M. S. Siddiqui; Khalid A. Al-Mubarak

1998-01-01

232

Nonlinear pattern of pulmonary tuberculosis among migrants at entry in Kuwait: 1997–2006  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of published data on the pattern of pulmonary tuberculosis among migrant workers entering Middle Eastern countries particularly Kuwait. The objectives of this study were to use routine health surveillance data i) to estimate the prevalence of pulmonary tuberculosis among migrant workers at entry in Kuwait and ii) to determine the occurrence of any time trends

Saeed Akhtar; Hameed GHH Mohammad

2008-01-01

233

Self-Monitoring of Blood Pressure and the Role of Community Pharmacists in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To determine the types of devices for self-monitoring of blood pressure available to consumers in Kuwait and the pharmacists’ knowledge and level of information provided to consumers when purchasing such devices.Materials and Methods: It was possible to contact 196 of the 230 eligible pharmacies from five governorates in Kuwait. Ten of these were used to pretest the questionnaire and

Wandikayi C. Matowe; Eman A. Abahussain; Abdelmoneim Awad; Phillip A. Capps

2008-01-01

234

Meeting the Challenge: Quality Systems in Private Higher Education in Kuwait  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In Kuwait, as in other rapidly-developing higher education systems, one major area of concern is ensuring the quality of education offered by private providers. This paper briefly reviews the history of the development of higher education in Kuwait since its inception in 1936. It considers various quality systems currently in place in other…

Al-Atiqi, Imad M.; Alharbi, Lafi M.

2009-01-01

235

Sources, distribution and composition of the suspended sediments, Kuwait Bay, Northern Arabian Gulf  

Microsoft Academic Search

Qualitative and quantitative assessment of suspended sediment levels and transport pathways in Kuwait's northern territorial waters are described, with special reference to Kuwait Bay. Near-surface water samples were collected from 12 stations, covering the whole of the embayment. Suspended sediment concentrations (SSCs) were derived. Heavy metal concentrations, mineralogical composition and grain size constituents were derived for the suspended sediments retained

A. N. Al-Ghadban; A. El-Sammak

2005-01-01

236

Curriculum Implementation and Reform: Teachers' Views about Kuwait's New Science Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The MoE (Ministry of Education) in the state of Kuwait is starting to reform the science curriculum in all school academic stages: primary (1-5) grades, intermediate (6-9) grades, and secondary (10-12) grades. The purpose of this study was to explore the opinions of science teachers about Kuwait's new sixth and seventh grade science curriculum,…

Alshammari, Ahmad

2013-01-01

237

Getting Its Ducks in a Row? Qatar Foundation's Agreement with HEC Paris and the Launch of the Qatar Foundation Management, Education and Research Centre  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Last week, private, non-profit organisation the Qatar Foundation (QF) announced a partnership agreement with French business institution HEC Paris to offer executive education programmes. According to the terms of the agreement, a full-time faculty will provide executive and short certificate programmes and corporate-specific training, including…

Observatory on Borderless Higher Education, 2010

2010-01-01

238

Getting Its Ducks in a Row? Qatar Foundation's Agreement with HEC Paris and the Launch of the Qatar Foundation Management, Education and Research Centre  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Last week, private, non-profit organisation the Qatar Foundation (QF) announced a partnership agreement with French business institution HEC Paris to offer executive education programmes. According to the terms of the agreement, a full-time faculty will provide executive and short certificate programmes and corporate-specific training, including…

Observatory on Borderless Higher Education, 2010

2010-01-01

239

Exploration in petroleum development in Oman: Getting a kick into the creaming curve  

Microsoft Academic Search

Petroleum Development Oman (PDO) currently explores an 80,000 mi[sup 2] concession area. Major discoveries were made in the early 1960s in north Oman and in south Oman in the 1970s. However, in the middle to late 1980s, discovery sizes decreased, consistent with classical creaming curves, particularly as exploration concentrated on areas around the hydrocarbon fairways. With a flattening creaming curve,

1993-01-01

240

Performance of Oman transmission system with the 400kV Gulf Cooperation Council electricity interconnection  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper describes the static and dynamic performances of the main transmission system of Oman with the 400kV Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) electricity interconnection between Oman and Abu Dhabi. A detailed model of the transmission system of Oman is obtained to simulate the steady-state and dynamic system performances using the DIgSILENT software. The model includes simulation of the generating units

Omar H. Abdalla; Rashid Al-Badwawi; Hilal S. Al-Hadi; Hisham A. Al-Riyami

2011-01-01

241

Temperature inversion in the Arabian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Water exchange between the Arabian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman occurs in a form of hydrostatically stable temperature inversion layers. The surface advection into the Arabian Gulf is accompanied by density excess, while the deep outflow into the Gulf of Oman is isopycnal. The subsurface intrusions into the Gulf of Oman are influenced by both processes associated with double diffusion, salt fingering and layering. In contrast, surface advection into the Arabian Gulf is influenced by layering at the upper diffusive interface.

Sultan, S. A. R.; Elghribi, N. M.

1996-10-01

242

A road map to Translational Medicine in Qatar and a model for the world  

PubMed Central

Translational Medicine (TM) in Qatar is part of a concerted effort of the Qatari medical and scientific leadership supported by a strong political will by Qatari authorities to deliver world-class health care to Qatari residents while participating in the worldwide quest to bridge the gap between bench-to-bedside-to-community. TM programs should embrace the Qatar National vision for research to become an international hub of excellence in research and development, based on intellectual merit, contributing to global knowledge and adhering to international standards, to innovate by translating new and original ideas into useful applications, to be inclusive at the national and international level, to build and maintain a competitive and diversified economy and ultimately improve the health and well-being of the Qatar’s population. Although this writing focuses on Qatar, we hope that the thoughts expressed here may be of broader use for the development of any TM program particularly in regions where an established academic community surrounded by a rich research infrastructure and/or a vibrant biotechnology enterprise is not already present.

2012-01-01

243

Aligning Post-Secondary Educational Choices to Societal Needs: A New Scholarship System for Qatar. Technical Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Qatar is experiencing previously unprecedented social and economic development, linked to increased participation in the global market. Growing employment opportunities for Qatari nationals require greater attention to post-secondary education and the development of specific high-demand skills. Since the 1970s, Qatar has complemented its…

Augustine, Catherine H.; Krop, Cathy

2008-01-01

244

Aligning Post-Secondary Educational Choices to Societal Needs: A New Scholarship System for Qatar. Technical Report Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Qatar is experiencing previously unprecedented social and economic development, linked to increased participation in the global market. Growing employment opportunities for Qatari nationals require greater attention to post-secondary education and the development of specific high-demand skills. Since the 1970s, Qatar has complemented its…

Augustine, Catherine H.; Krop, Cathy

2008-01-01

245

Trace gas measurements in the Kuwait oil fire smoke plume  

SciTech Connect

The authors report trace gas measurements made both inside and outside the Kuwait oil-fire smoke plume during a flight of an instrumented research aircraft on May 30, 1991. Concentrations of SO{sub 2}, CO, and NO{sub x} averaged vertically and horizontally throughout the plume 80 km downwind of Kuwait City were 106, 127, and 9.1 parts per billion by volume (ppbv), respectively, above background concentrations. With the exception of SO{sub 2}, trace gas concentrations were far below typical US urban levels and primary national ambient air quality standards. Ambient ozone was titrated by NO in the dark, dense core of the smoke plume close to the fires, and photochemical ozone production was limited to the diffuse edge of the plume. Photochemical O{sub 3} production was noted throughout the plume at a distance of 160 km downwind of Kuwait City, and averaged 2.3 ppbv per hour during the first 3 hours of transport. Little additional photochemical production was noted at a downwind range of 340 km. The fluxes of sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide, and reactive nitrogen from the roughly 520 fires still burning on May 30, 1991 are estimated at 1.4 x 10{sup 7} kg SO{sub 2}/d, 6.9 x 10{sup 6} kg CO/d, and 2.7 x 10{sup 5} kg N/d, respectively. Generally low concentrations of CO and NO{sub x} indicate that the combustion was efficient and occurred at low temperatures. Low total nonmethane hydrocarbon concentrations suggest that the volatile components of the petroleum were burned efficiently. 37 refs., 4 figs., 4 tabs.

Luke, W.T.; Kok, G.L.; Schillawski, R.D.; Zimmerman, P.R.; Greenberg, J.P.; Kadavanich, M. [National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO (United States)

1992-09-20

246

Determinants of breastfeeding initiation among mothers in Kuwait  

PubMed Central

Background Exclusive breastfeeding is recommended as the optimal way to feed infants for the first six months of life. While overall breastfeeding rates are high, exclusive breastfeeding is relatively uncommon among Middle Eastern women. The objective of this study was to identify the incidence of breastfeeding amongst women in the six governorates of Kuwait and the factors associated with the initiation of breastfeeding. Methods A sample of 373 women (aged 17-47 years), recruited shortly after delivery from four hospitals in Kuwait, completed a structured, interviewer-administered questionnaire. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify those factors independently associated with the initiation of breastfeeding. Results In total, 92.5% of mothers initiated breastfeeding and at discharge from hospital the majority of mothers were partially breastfeeding (55%), with only 30% of mothers fully breastfeeding. Prelacteal feeding was the norm (81.8%) and less than 1 in 5 infants (18.2%) received colostrum as their first feed. Only 10.5% of infants had been exclusively breastfed since birth, the remainder of the breastfed infants having received either prelacteal or supplementary infant formula feeds at some time during their hospital stay. Of the mothers who attempted to breastfeed, the majority of women (55.4%) delayed their first attempt to breastfeed until 24 hours or more after delivery. Breastfeeding at discharge from hospital was positively associated with paternal support for breastfeeding and negatively associated with delivery by caesarean section and with the infant having spent time in the Special Care Nursery. Conclusions The reasons for the high use of prelacteal and supplementary formula feeding warrant investigation. Hospital policies and staff training are needed to promote the early initiation of breastfeeding and to discourage the unnecessary use of infant formula in hospital, in order to support the establishment of exclusive breastfeeding by mothers in Kuwait.

2010-01-01

247

Characterizing surface temperature and clarity of Kuwait's seawaters using remotely sensed measurements and GIS analyses  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Kuwait sea surface temperature (SST) and water clarity are important water characteristics that influence the entire Kuwait coastal ecosystem. The spatial and temporal distributions of these important water characteristics should be well understood to obtain a better knowledge about this productive coastal environment. The aim of this project was therefore to study the spatial and temporal distributions of: Kuwait SST using Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) images collected from January 2003 to July 2007; and Kuwait Secchi Disk Depth (SDD), a water clarity measure, using Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor (SeaWiFS) and MODIS data collected from November 1998 to October 2004 and January 2003 to June 2007, respectively. Kuwait SST was modeled based on the linear relationship between level 2 MODIS SST data and in situ SST data. MODIS SST images showed a significant relationship with in situ SST data ( r2= 0.98, n = 118, RMSE = 0.7°C). Kuwait SST images derived from MODIS data exhibited three spatial patterns of Kuwait SST across the year that were mainly attributed to the northwestern counterclockwise water circulation of the Arabian Gulf, and wind direction and intensity. The temporal variation of Kuwait SST was greatly influenced by the seasonal variation of solar intensity and air temperatures. Kuwait SDD was measured through two steps: first, computing the diffuse light attenuation coefficient at 490 nm, Kd(490), and 488 nm, Kd(488), derived from SeaWiFS and MODIS, respectively, using a semi-analytical algorithm; second, establishing two SDD models based on the empirical relationship of Kd(490) and Kd(488) with in situ SDD data. Kd(490) and Kd(488) showed a significant relationship with in situ SDD data ( r2= 0.67 and r2= 0.68, respectively). Kuwait SDD images showed distinct spatial and temporal patterns of Kuwait water clarity that were mainly attributed to three factors: the Shatt Al-Arab discharge, water circulation, and coastal currents. The SeaWiFS and MODIS data compared to in situ measurements provided a comprehensive view of the studied seawater characteristics that improved their overall estimation within Kuwait's waters. Also, the near-real-time availability of SeaWiFS and MODIS data and their highly temporal resolution make them a very advantageous tool for studying coastal environments. Thus, I recommend involving this method in monitoring Kuwait coastal environments.

Alsahli, Mohammad M. M.

248

Toy gun ocular injuries associated with festive holidays in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Ocular trauma is one of the important causes of preventable blindness and visual impairment among children worldwide. Prevalence\\u000a of pediatric ocular trauma associated with toy guns appear to be on the rise, although they are fully preventable. The purpose\\u000a of this study is to report ocular trauma secondary to toy-gun pellets in Kuwait.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  We conducted a non-comparative case series based

Manal Bouhaimed; Manar Alwohaib; Shaikhah Alabdulrazzaq; Mohammad Jasem

2009-01-01

249

Geomorphic changes in Ras Al-Subiyah area, Kuwait  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Ras Al-Subiyah area is considered one of the most promising areas in Kuwait for future development. This development will include a new town called Subiyah and its associated infrastructure. This area is also being considered as the location for connection between Boubyan Island, which is now undergoing major development and the Kuwait mainland. The present study investigates the geomorphology of the Ras Al-Sabiyah area in the northern sector of Kuwait. The study area is generally flat, and it is located west of the Jal Az-Zor escarpment. It is bordered on the east by the Khor Al-Sabiyah tidal channel and on the south by Kuwait Bay. The area receives sediments from several sources; currently the most important are aeolian sediments and the deposition of mud delivered through the Khor Al-Sabiyah from the Iraqi marshes. The study area has been subjected to severe environmental changes due to the Gulf wars and the drainage of Iraqi marshes and the associated artificial changes in fluvial system. Twenty-two surface sediments were collected from the Ras Al-Subiyah area. Samples were collected to include the main geomorphologic characteristic features of the study area. Field observations and remote sensing images from 1990 and 2001 were used to produce an updated geomorphologic map for the Ras Al-Subiyah and a map showing geomorphic changes between 1990 and 2001. Grain size of the surface sediment ranges from gravel to medium sand. In general, grain size statistical analysis indicates that most of the areas are composed of two or more classes of sands transported and deposited from different sources including aeolian, sabkhas, river and the bays. The variability in the grain size statistical parameters may be attributed to the complexity of surface morphology as well as the diversity in the type of depositional environment in the Ras Al-Subiyah area. The total area subjected to change during the 12-year period (1990 2001) is about 32 km2 as calculated using GIS techniques.

Al Hurban, A.; El-Gamily, H.; El-Sammak, A.

2008-06-01

250

Toxic metals in imported fruits and vegetables marketed in Kuwait  

SciTech Connect

The concentration of lead, cadmium, and mercury in 134 samples of imported fruits and vegetables marketed in Kuwait were determined using an atomic absorption spectrophotometer with a graphite furnace and the cold vapor technique. Results obtained showed that the concentration of these metal ions in most cases did not exceed the maximum permissible concentration of metals in fresh fruits and vegetables as restricted by some countries. Only a few samples of fruits and vegetables contained levels of mercury, cadmium, and lead which exceeded these maximum permissible levels.

Husain, A.; Baroon, Z.; Al-Khalafawi, M. [Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, Safat (Kuwait)

1995-12-31

251

Emergency medicine in Oman: current status and future challenges.  

PubMed

The Sultanate of Oman has a relatively young national health care system that could demonstrate its high performance at an international level. Emergency medicine as a specialty has developed rapidly in the country over the last decade. This has involved the parallel development of local emergency residency training, prehospital emergency care, and emergency nursing programs. This article reviews the progress of emergency care practice in this country from a general primary care system toward becoming an established specialty in hospital, prehospital, and private emergency care settings. It also describes aspects of undergraduate, postgraduate, and continuous emergency medicine education in the country. Further, a glimpse into academic emergency medicine and emergency nursing is provided. Since it describes a developing specialty, the article also attempts to address briefly major future challenges and their importance to the future development of the specialty in Oman. PMID:20436888

Al-Azri, Nasser Hammad

2009-12-11

252

Synoptic aspects of winter rainfall variability in Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, the observed relation between winter rainfall in Oman and the large-scale circulation and synoptic activity was examined on a monthly basis. The investigation focuses on wet and dry spells that occurred during 1984–2007 based on composite analysis. As the investigations have been carried out for a number of meteorological values, a rather complete picture of the large-scale

Yassine Charabi; Salim Al-Hatrushi

2010-01-01

253

Surface and oceanic heat fluxes in the Gulf of Oman  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The surface heat fluxes for the Gulf of Oman have been estimated using the bulk formulae. The average annual values of sensible, latent and net infrared radiation fluxes are -1, 100 and 64 W m -2, respectively. The annual mean of absorbed solar radiations is -219 W m -2, thus giving an annual heat surplus of 55 W m -2. In contrast, in the nearby area of the Arabian Gulf there is a yearly average of an upward flux at the sea surface, which is compensated by an advective heat flow of approximately 25 W m -2 through the strait of Hormuz. Some of the heat in the Gulf of Oman is transported into the Arabian Gulf and it is suggested that the remainder is exported by oceanic processes on a seasonal basis. The winter compensation of heat loss is probably achieved by a northward heat transport from the Arabian Sea, and during the southwest monsoon (summer) the upwelled cold water from the southern coast of Arabia appears to compensate the heat gain in the Gulf of Oman. However the manner in which these compensations are accomplished remains to be clarified.

Sultan, S. A. R.; Ahmad, F.

1993-10-01

254

75 FR 13421 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; FAR Case 2008-036, Trade Agreements-Costa Rica, Oman, and Peru  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...2008-036, Trade Agreements--Costa Rica, Oman, and Peru AGENCIES: Department...Free Trade Agreement with respect to Costa Rica, the United States-Oman Free Trade...interim rule. The interim rule added Costa Rica, Oman, and Peru to the...

2010-03-19

255

3 CFR 8332 - Proclamation 8332 of December 29, 2008. To Implement the United States-Oman Free Trade Agreement  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2008. To Implement the United States-Oman Free Trade Agreement 8332 Proclamation...8332 To Implement the United States-Oman Free Trade AgreementBy the President of...States entered into the United States-Oman Free Trade Agreement (the...

2009-01-01

256

Report: management problems of solid waste landfills in Kuwait.  

PubMed

This paper evaluates current operational practices in municipal solid waste landfills in Kuwait to provide existing knowledge on uncontrolled landfilling and associated problems of solid waste disposal in developing countries. The current landfilling practices are safe neither for humans nor for the environment. The landfill sites receive all kinds of wastes such as food wastes, oil products, debris, dead animals, agricultural wastes, chemical wastes, wastewater and sewage sludge. The wastes are dumped, spread and compacted in an uncontrolled manner and cover material is not applied regularly. Dust created within the landfill site and gas emissions cause a public nuisance. The characteristics of leachate formed indicate high organic content and presence of heavy metals, salts and nutrients. There are no provisions for leachate or landfill gas collection at the landfill sites. Recommendations for adjustment in landfill operation have been made in recognition of the transition period that is experienced in proceeding from the past and present to the future management of landfills in Kuwait to safeguard the public health and protect the environment. PMID:12363092

Al-Yaqout, Anwar F; Hamoda, Mohamed F

2002-08-01

257

Effect of oil pollution on fresh groundwater in Kuwait  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Massive oil fires in Kuwait were the aftermath of the Gulf War. This resulted in the pollution of air, water, and soil, the magnitude of which is unparalleled in the history of mankind. Oil fires damaged several oil well heads, resulting in the flow of oil, forming large oil lakes. Products of combustion from oil well fires deposited over large areas. Infiltrating rainwater, leaching out contaminants from oil lakes and products of combustion at ground surface, can reach the water table and contaminate the groundwater. Field investigations, supported by laboratory studies and mathematical models, show that infiltration of oil from oil lakes will be limited to a depth of about 2 m from ground surface. Preliminary mathematical models showed that contaminated rainwater can infiltrate and reach the water table within a period of three to four days, particularly at the Raudhatain and Umm Al-Aish regions. These are the only regions in Kuwait where fresh groundwater exists. After reaching the water table, the lateral movement of contaminants is expected to be very slow under prevailing hydraulic gradients. Groundwater monitoring at the above regions during 1992 showed minor levels of vanadium, nickel, and total hydrocarbons at certain wells. Since average annual rainfall in the region is only 120 mm/yr, groundwater contamination due to the infiltration of contaminated rainwater is expected to be a long-term one.

Al-Sulaimi, J.; Viswanathan, M. N.; Székely, F.

1993-11-01

258

Forensic entomology in Kuwait: the first case report.  

PubMed

To date, entomology has not been used in legal investigations in Kuwait. Indeed, this is true of most Arab countries in the Middle East. There are no known studies on necrophagous species in the region, nor any knowledge of cadaver succession with which to compare case material. Here we report the first case of application of forensic entomology in Kuwait. In Al-Rowdah district, a man was found dead in his bedroom which was air-conditioned and the windows were closed. The temperature of the room was 20°C. The cause of death was morphine overdose. At autopsy, fly larvae were collected from the blanket with which the body was wrapped and were identified as postfeeding 3rd instars of Parasarcophaga (Liopygia) ruficornis using molecular analysis. In addition, the face and neck were extensively and exclusively colonized by different stages of Chrysomya albiceps (secondary fly). Based on the age of P. ruficornis full mature 3rd instars and the location of the body, approximately 7.5-8.5 days postmortem was estimated for the corpse at the time of its discovery. PMID:20705405

Al-Mesbah, Hanadi; Al-Osaimi, Zarraq; El-Azazy, Osama M E

2010-08-11

259

Effect of oil pollution on fresh groundwater in Kuwait  

SciTech Connect

Massive oil fires in Kuwait were the aftermath of the Gulf War. This resulted in the pollution of air, water, and soil, the magnitude of which is unparalleled in the history of mankind. Oil fires damaged several oil well heads, resulting in the flow of oil, forming large oil lakes. Products of combustion from oil well fires deposited over large areas. Infiltrating rainwater, leaching out contaminants from oil lakes and products of combustion at ground surface, can reach the water table and contaminate the groundwater. Field investigations, supported by laboratory studies and mathematical models, show that infiltration of oil from oil lakes will be limited to a depth of about 2 m from ground surface. Preliminary mathematical models showed that contaminated rainwater can infiltrate and reach the water table within a period of three to four days, particularly at the Raudhatain and Umm Al-Aish regions. These are the only regions in Kuwait where fresh groundwater exists. After reaching the water table, the lateral movement of contaminants is expected to be very slow under prevailing hydraulic gradients. Groundwater monitoring at the above regions during 1992 showed minor levels of vanadium, nickel, and total hydrocarbons at certain wells. Since average annual rainfall in the region is only 120 mm/yr, groundwater contamination due to the infiltration of contaminated rainwater is expected to be a long-term one. 13 refs., 15 figs., 2 tabs.

Al-Sulaimi, J.; Viswanathan, M.N.; Szekely, F. [Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, Safat (Kuwait)

1993-11-01

260

Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Children, an Evolving Problem in Kuwait  

PubMed Central

Background/Aims: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) was previously thought a rare disease among children in Kuwait since most diarrhea cases were attributed to infections. In the past few years we observed an increase in the number of patients presenting with IBD. In this study we aimed to determine the epidemiology of IBD among children in the State of Kuwait. Patients and Methods: The charts of all children with IBD who were referred to the pediatric gastroenterology unit during the period February 1998 to January 2008 were retrospectively reviewed. Results: Out of a total of 130 children with IBD, 92 (71%) had Crohn's disease, 36 (28%) had ulcerative colitis and two (1%) had indeterminate colitis. The estimated annual incidence for IBD was 2.16/105 /year. The age range was nine months-15 years (median: 11 years). Fifty-three percent of all patients were females and 77% were Kuwaiti nationals. Positive family history was found in 23%. The commonest presenting symptoms were abdominal pain (87%) and diarrhea (82%). Failure to thrive was detected in 35% and short stature in 20% at presentation. The ileocolonic region was the most common presentation site affected in Crohn's patients and pancolitis was the commonest in ulcerative colitis. Conclusion: Inflammatory bowel disease is not uncommon in our children. We found no differences regarding disease presentation and clinical features compared to the Western world.

Al-Qabandi, Wafa'a A.; Buhamrah, Eman K.; Hamadi, Khaled A.; Al-Osaimi, Suad A.; Al-Ruwayeh, Ahlam A.; Madda, JohnPatrick

2011-01-01

261

Violence against nurses in healthcare facilities in Kuwait.  

PubMed

A national cross-sectional survey was conducted to document the prevalence and determinants of violence against nurses in healthcare facilities in Kuwait. It involved all nurses employed in all types of health-related facilities and available in the country in May 1999. The questionnaire was completed by 5876 nurses (85% females, 88% non-Kuwaitis). Verbal violence had been experienced in the 6 previous months by 48% of the group, and physical violence by 7%. There was no physical harm reported in 63% of cases of physical violence. Physical abusers were mostly patients (51%). Compared to nurses who had never experienced physical violence, those who had experienced some were more likely to be male, non-Kuwaiti, to have had a shorter professional experience, and to be working in a hospital rather than in a primary healthcare center. The experience of nurses with violence is still relatively rare in Kuwait. Communication with patients and their entourage of family members and/or close friends is needed to clarify expectations and to avoid frustration and angry verbal outbursts. PMID:11909623

Adib, Salim M; Al-Shatti, Ahmad K; Kamal, Shadia; El-Gerges, Najwa; Al-Raqem, Mariam

2002-05-01

262

Studies on mosquito borne dieases in Egypt and Qatar.  

PubMed

Mosquitoes identification, distribution and densities in representative Egyptian Governorates and five Qatarain Municipalities (Al Rayyan, Doha, Al Daayan, Al Khor & Al Zahakira and Al Shamal) were studied. In Qatar the larvae were Culex pipiens complex, C. univettatus, C. pusillus, Aedes caspies, Anopheles multicolor and A. stephensi. C. pipiens and C. univettatus were mainly in Al Rayyan, Doha, and Al Khor & Al Zahakira. C. pusillus was in Doha and Al Daayan while A. caspies was in Al Daayan and Al Shamal. Anopheles multicolor and A. stephensi were mainly in Al Shamal with low density in Al Rayyan (only in Ain-Khalid locution). The Egyptian mosquitoes were C. pipiens, C. antennatus, C. thelerei, C. univittatus, C. perexiguus, C. poicilipes, C. pusillus, Aedes caspius, Ae. detritus, A. sergentii, A. pharoensis, A. multicolor, A. detali, A. algeriensis, A. tenebrosus, A. gambiae (formerly), A. superpictus, A. tarkhadi, A. hispaniola, A. rhodesiensis, A. stephensi, A. coustani and Culiseta longiareolata. As an example in Sharkia Governorate, larvae were C. pipiens (68.77%), Ae. caspius (15.75%), Culiseta sp. (=Theobaldia) and C. pusillus. In Greater Cairo, parts of Qualyoubia G., C. pipiens was the most dominant and the least was C. perexiguus. In parts of Giza G., C. pipiens was the most dominant and least was Cs. longiareolata. In Cairo G., C. pipiens was the most dominant and least was Ae. caspius. The overall in Greater Cairo was C. pipiens (61.74%), Cs. longiareolata (15.56%), Ae. caspius (15.3%), C. pusillus (4.0%) and C. perexiguus (3.16%). PMID:20120742

Mikhail, Micheal W; Al-Bursheed, Khalifa M; Abd El-Halim, Azza S; Morsy, Tosson A

2009-12-01

263

Evaluation of NWP performance for wind energy resource assessment in Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

Few studies have been conducted to evaluate the wind energy potential in Oman. All of the published studies were based on ground measurements from weather stations, which provide wind data at 10m above the ground. The spatial and temporal coverage of the actual meteorological network in Oman presents some inadequacy with the need of the wind power industry in term

Yassine Charabi; Sultan Al-Yahyai; Adel Gastli

2011-01-01

264

Health workforce development planning in the Sultanate of Oman: a case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

INTRODUCTION: Oman's recent experience in health workforce development may be viewed against the backdrop of the situation just three or four decades ago, when it had just a few physicians and nurses (mostly expatriate). All workforce categories in Oman have grown substantially over the last two decades. Increased self-reliance was achieved despite substantial growth in workforce stocks. Stocks of physicians

Basu Ghosh

2009-01-01

265

The Sultanate of Oman shark fishery: Species composition, seasonality and diversity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Sultanate of Oman has a long established traditional shark fishery, which has experienced increased demand in recent years due to the shark fin trade. Despite the long history of the fishery in Oman and neighbouring countries, few studies have been undertaken to determine the biological characteristics of the fishery or its ability to withstand this increased exploitation. The present

Aaron C. Henderson; Jennifer L. McIlwain; Hamed S. Al-Oufi; Sulaiman Al-Sheili

2007-01-01

266

Conflict of Learning Styles: University Science Lectures in the Sultanate of Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the differing learning styles found in western lecturers and Omani students in science lectures in the Sultanate of Oman. Oman is a country which modernized very recently, and students there were encountering western lecturers and lecturing methods for the first time. The western lecturers found the Omani approach to science, which they characterized as memorization deficient and

Christopher Arden-Close

1999-01-01

267

Oman: Reform, Security, and U.S. Policy. Updated August 10, 2010.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Sultanate of Oman is a long-time U.S. ally in the Persian Gulf. It has allowed U.S. access to its military facilities for virtually every U.S. military operation in and around the Gulf since 1980, despite the sensitivities in Oman and throughout the M...

K. Katzman

2010-01-01

268

Oman: Reform, Security, and U.S. Policy, January 6, 2011.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Sultanate of Oman is a long-time U.S. ally in the Persian Gulf. It has allowed U.S. access to its military facilities for virtually every U.S. military operation in and around the Gulf since 1980, despite the sensitivities in Oman and throughout the M...

K. Katzman

2011-01-01

269

Managing Quality from a Distance: A Case Study of Collaboration between Oman and New Zealand  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Both the public and private higher education sectors in Oman are undergoing rapid change in the number and type of local and foreign degrees offered. The Sultanate is developing a comprehensive quality assurance system to ensure the educational appropriateness of all degrees awarded in Oman. This paper examines the collaboration between the…

O'Rourke, Susan; Al Bulushi, H. A.

2010-01-01

270

GENDER ISSUES IN TEACHER DEVELOPMENT: CAREER CHOICE AND COMMITMENT IN OMAN  

Microsoft Academic Search

Located in the south-east of the Arabian Peninsula, the Sultanate of Oman is a country of few roads outside of the capital and major towns, and with much difficult terrain. This geography provides the defining economic fact of Oman: oil and natural gas. Fossil resources act as powerful economic and social motors, transporting and transforming societies - though, it should

Auhoud Albelushi

271

The prevalence and causes of blindness in the Sultanate of Oman: the Oman Eye Study (OES)  

PubMed Central

Aims: To estimate the magnitude and the causes of blindness through a community based nationwide survey in Oman. This was conducted in 1996–7. Methods: A stratified cluster random sampling procedure was used to select 12 400 people. The WHO/PBD standardised survey methodology was used, with suitable adaptation. The major causes of blindness were identified among those found blind. Results: A total of 11 417 people were examined (response rate 91.8%) The prevalence of blindness in the Omani population was estimated to be 1.1% (95% CI 0.9 to 1.3), blindness being defined according to the WHO Tenth Revision of the International Classification of Diseases. Prevalence of blindness was clearly related to increasing age, with estimates of 0.08% for the 0–14 age group, 0.1% for the 15–39 age group, 2.3% for the 40–59 age group, and 16.8% for the group aged 60 +. There was a statistically significant difference between the prevalence in females (1.4%) and males (0.8%). The northern and central regions had a higher prevalence of blindness (1.3% to 3%). The major causes of blindness were unoperated cataract (30.5%), trachomatous corneal opacities (23.7%), and glaucoma (11.5%) Conclusions: Despite an active eye healthcare programme, blindness due to cataract and trachoma remains a public health problem of great concern in several regions of the sultanate. These results highlight the need, when planning effective intervention strategies, to target the eye healthcare programme to the ageing population, with special emphasis on women.

Khandekar, R; Mohammed, A J; Negrel, A D; Al Riyami, A

2002-01-01

272

Kuwait Journal of Science and Engineering, Volume 27, Number 2, 2000.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Partial Contents: Mathematics (Random fixed points of random multivalued operators on Polish spaces); Civil Engineering (Statistical analyses and cost/injury models for building fires in Kuwait); Chemical Engineering (Comparison of coarse slurry pipeline)...

S. Lorenzutta G. Maino

2000-01-01

273

Spectral analysis of HIV seropositivity among migrant workers entering Kuwait  

PubMed Central

Background There is paucity of published data on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seroprevalence among migrant workers entering Middle-East particularly Kuwait. We took advantage of the routine screening of migrants for HIV infection, upon arrival in Kuwait from the areas with high HIV prevalence, to 1) estimate the HIV seroprevalence among migrant workers entering Kuwait and to 2) ascertain if any significant time trend or changes had occurred in HIV seroprevalence among these migrants over the study period. Methods The monthly aggregates of daily number of migrant workers tested and number of HIV seropositive were used to generate the monthly series of proportions of HIV seropositive (per 100,000) migrants over a period of 120 months from January 1, 1997 to December 31, 2006. We carried out spectral analysis of these time series data on monthly proportions (per 100,000) of HIV seropositive migrants. Results Overall HIV seroprevalence (per 100,000) among the migrants was 21 (494/2328582) (95% CI: 19 -23), ranging from 11 (95% CI: 8 – 16) in 2003 to 31 (95% CI: 24 -41) in 1998. There was no discernable pattern in the year-specific proportions of HIV seropositive migrants up to 2003; in subsequent years there was a slight but consistent increase in the proportions of HIV seropositive migrants. However, the Mann-Kendall test showed non-significant (P = 0.741) trend in de-seasonalized data series of proportions of HIV seropositive migrants. The spectral density had a statistically significant (P = 0.03) peak located at a frequency (radians) 2.4, which corresponds to a regular cycle of three-month duration in this study. Auto-correlation function did not show any significant seasonality (correlation coefficient at lag 12 = – 0.025, P = 0.575). Conclusion During the study period, overall a low HIV seroprevalence (0.021%) was recorded. Towards the end of the study, a slight but non-significant upward trend in the proportions of HIV seropositive migrants was recorded. A significant rhythmic cycle of three-month duration was observed in the proportions of HIV seropositive migrants. The underlying factors for a consistent upward trend towards the end of study period and for a significant quarterly cycle in the proportions of HIV seropositive migrants merit further investigations.

Akhtar, Saeed; Mohammad, Hameed GHH

2008-01-01

274

Promoting Quality and Variety through the Public Financing of Privately Operated Schools in Qatar  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 2002, Qatar began establishing publicly funded, privately operated "independent schools" in parallel with the existing, centralized Ministry of Education system. The reform that drove the establishment of the independent schools included accountability provisions such as (a) measuring school and student performance and (b) distributing school…

Constant, Louay; Goldman, Charles A.; Zellman, Gail L.; Augustine, Catherine H.; Galama, Titus; Gonzalez, Gabriella; Guarino, C. A.; Karam, Rita; Ryan, Gery W.; Salem, Hanine

2010-01-01

275

Exploring the Relationship between Organizational Learning and Career Resilience among Faculty Members at Qatar University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: Two main purposes guide this study. The first is to assess the level of individual, group, and organizational learning at Qatar University (QU), and the level of career resilience among its faculty members. The second is to explore the relationships between these levels of learning at QU and the career resilience of its faculty members.…

Abu-Tineh, Abdullah M.

2011-01-01

276

Occurrence of aflatoxin in commodities imported into Qatar, 1997-2000  

Microsoft Academic Search

The occurrence of aflatoxin in commodities imported into Qatar was investigated from 1999 to 2000. During the 4 years, 351 samples of susceptible commodities were analysed. Aflatoxin was detected in 71 (20%) samples in the range 0.1-20 ?g kg and in 50 (14%) samples above the permitted level of 20 ?g kg. The highest incidence and levels of aflatoxin contamination

A. H. W. Abdulkadar; Abdulla Al-Ali; Jassim H. Al-Jedah

2002-01-01

277

Lifelong Education in University Life in the Arab Countries: The Qatar University Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Suggestions for strengthening lifelong education at Qatar's University and other Arab universities are offered that might apply to other countries. Particular attention is devoted to: various views of the relative functions, content, and duration of initial and higher education; new procedures of admission and the evaluation of experience; new…

Sobeih, Nabil Ahmed Amer

278

Qatar's K-12 Education Reform Has Achieved Success in Its Early Years. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To evaluate progress made in the first years of Qatar's implementation of K-12 education reform, RAND analyzed data from school-level observations, national surveys, and national student assessments. The study found that students in the new, Independent schools were performing better than those in Ministry schools, and there was greater student…

Larson, Judy

2009-01-01

279

The Attractiveness of Qatar to Foreign Direct Investment, 1980-2002  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this paper is to examine the factors that determine the inflow of foreign direct investment to Qatar and the attractiveness of the country to foreign direct investment i.e., identifying the role of major macroeconomic variables that determine FDI, namely; Gross Domestic Product, exports, government spending and the degree of openness. It also aims at evaluating the dynamic

Shotar M. M

2005-01-01

280

A CONTRIBUTION TO THE ANALYSIS OF THE ECONOMIC GROWTH OF QATAR  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper delineates the theoretical structure of the factors that determine economic growth in Qatar. The focal point of this paper is identifying the role of major macroeconomic variables that determine growth, namely; government spending, institutional settings, money supply, investment, inflation, education and the degree of economic openness. The major findings of this paper are that the empirical evidence indicates

Muhannad A. EL-MEFLEH; Manhal M. SHOTAR

2008-01-01

281

A New System for K-12 Education in Qatar. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The leadership of the Arabian Gulf nation of Qatar, like that of many other countries, views education as the key to future economic, political, and social progress. Many have concluded that a country's ability to compete in the global economy and enable its citizens to take full advantage of technological advances relies on upgrading the quality…

Brewer, Dominic J.; Augustine, Catherine H.; Zellman, Gail L.; Ryan, Gery; Goldman, Charles A.; Stasz, Cathleen; Constant, Louay

2007-01-01

282

Exploring the Relationship between Organizational Learning and Career Resilience among Faculty Members at Qatar University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Two main purposes guide this study. The first is to assess the level of individual, group, and organizational learning at Qatar University (QU), and the level of career resilience among its faculty members. The second is to explore the relationships between these levels of learning at QU and the career resilience of its faculty members.…

Abu-Tineh, Abdullah M.

2011-01-01

283

Adequacy, Accountability, Autonomy and Equity in a Middle Eastern School Reform: The Case of Qatar  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines Qatar's recent and ambitious school reform in the early stages of its implementation against a set of four criteria for successful education systems drawn from guidelines developed by the international community: adequacy, accountability, autonomy and gender equity. We investigate both the initial structure of the reform and…

Guarino, Cassandra M.; Tanner, Jeffery C.

2012-01-01

284

Quality of Life of Caregivers of Children with Autism in Qatar  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: Caring for a child diagnosed with autism could affect the quality of life of the caregiver in various different ways. No previous research has assessed the quality of lives of caregivers of children with autism in Qatar. Methods: Caregivers of a child with autism between 3 and 17 years old were recruited from child rehabilitation…

Kheir, Nadir; Ghoneim, Ola; Sandridge, Amy L.; Al-Ismail, Muna; Hayder, Sara; Al-Rawi, Fadhila

2012-01-01

285

A New System for K-12 Education in Qatar. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The leadership of the Arabian Gulf nation of Qatar, like that of many other countries, views education as the key to future economic, political, and social progress. Many have concluded that a country's ability to compete in the global economy and enable its citizens to take full advantage of technological advances relies on upgrading the quality…

Brewer, Dominic J.; Augustine, Catherine H.; Zellman, Gail L.; Ryan, Gery; Goldman, Charles A.; Stasz, Cathleen; Constant, Louay

2007-01-01

286

Quality of Life of Caregivers of Children with Autism in Qatar  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Introduction: Caring for a child diagnosed with autism could affect the quality of life of the caregiver in various different ways. No previous research has assessed the quality of lives of caregivers of children with autism in Qatar. Methods: Caregivers of a child with autism between 3 and 17 years old were recruited from child rehabilitation…

Kheir, Nadir; Ghoneim, Ola; Sandridge, Amy L.; Al-Ismail, Muna; Hayder, Sara; Al-Rawi, Fadhila

2012-01-01

287

Developing a School Finance System for K-12 Reform in Qatar  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reform-minded leaders of Qatar, who have embarked on a sweeping reform of their nation's education system, asked RAND to evaluate the education finance system that has been adopted and to offer suggestions for improvements. The authors analyze the system's evolution and resource allocation patterns between 2004 and 2006 and develop analytic tools…

Guarino, Cassandra M.; Galama, Titus; Constant, Louay; Gonzalez, Gabriella; Tanner, Jeffery C.; Goldman, Charles A.

2009-01-01

288

Epidemiology and Outcome of Severe Hepatitis A Infection in Children in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To describe the epidemiology, clinical features and outcome of hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection in children in Kuwait. Subjects and Method: The medical records of 350 patients (age 0–16 years) admitted to the Infectious Diseases Hospital, Kuwait, between January 2000 and December 2002, with hepatitis A infection were reviewed. Results: The mean age was 8.6 ± 3.8 years and

Entesar Husain; Jaffar A. Al-Tawfiq; Khalid Husain

2006-01-01

289

Radioactivity concentrations in sediments and their correlation to the coastal structure in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gamma-ray spectrometric measurements were performed on sediment samples from the coast of Kuwait to study the concentration of natural as well as man-made radioactive sources. The coast of Kuwait, which extends for some 170km is mainly soft sedimentary colitic limestones or sandstones, overlaid in many areas with beach or wind-blown sand. In the north, suspended material from the Shatt Al-Arab

H. R. Saad; D. Al-Azmi

2002-01-01

290

Offshore sedimentary facies of a modern carbonate ramp, Kuwait, northwestern Arabian-Persian Gulf  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Kuwait example studied here may serve as a model for ancient carbonate ramp systems just as the classical—but markedly different—southern Arabian-Persian Gulf ramp of the Trucial Coast (United Arab Emirates). Five sedimentary facies may be distinguished on the modern southern Kuwait carbonate ramp based on quantitative sedimentological, mineralogical, and geochemical analyses of 130 surface sediment samples and by using

Eberhard Gischler; Anthony J. Lomando

2005-01-01

291

Palpitation in pregnancy: experience in one major hospital in Kuwait  

PubMed Central

Background Increased heart rate is a normal physiological adaptation occurring during pregnancy. Some women have severe tachycardia requiring medical attention. Aim of this study is to determine the number of women with benign symptomatic palpitations who receive treatment. Methods We performed a retrospective chart review of all women who were referred to our obstetric-medicine clinic for evaluation of palpitation from January 2009 to December 2009 in one major maternity hospital in Kuwait. Results A total number of 27 women were identified. Of these, only 7 (25.9%) were given treatment for palpitation. Two were started on digoxin, 3 given propranolol, 1 woman on both propranolol and digoxin and 1 was started on verapamil. Eighteen women had normal deliveries with healthy babies. Conclusion Palpitation is a common symptom during pregnancy. However, only a small number of patients receive treatment despite safety of drugs that are used to control tachycardia.

Al-Na'ar, Ashraaf; Hassan, Mohammed; Al-Ostad, Gassan; Ibrahim, Ensaf

2013-01-01

292

Modeling Pan Evaporation for Kuwait by Multiple Linear Regression  

PubMed Central

Evaporation is an important parameter for many projects related to hydrology and water resources systems. This paper constitutes the first study conducted in Kuwait to obtain empirical relations for the estimation of daily and monthly pan evaporation as functions of available meteorological data of temperature, relative humidity, and wind speed. The data used here for the modeling are daily measurements of substantial continuity coverage, within a period of 17 years between January 1993 and December 2009, which can be considered representative of the desert climate of the urban zone of the country. Multiple linear regression technique is used with a procedure of variable selection for fitting the best model forms. The correlations of evaporation with temperature and relative humidity are also transformed in order to linearize the existing curvilinear patterns of the data by using power and exponential functions, respectively. The evaporation models suggested with the best variable combinations were shown to produce results that are in a reasonable agreement with observation values.

Almedeij, Jaber

2012-01-01

293

The Kuwait Oil Fire Health Risk Assessment Biological Surveillance Initiative.  

PubMed

An important environmental concern during the first Gulf War (Operation Desert Storm) was assessing exposures and potential health effects in U.S. forces exposed to the Kuwait oil fires. With only 3 weeks for planning, a Biological Surveillance Initiative (BSI) was developed and implemented for a U.S. Army unit. The BSI included blood and urine collections, questionnaire administration, and other elements during the predeployment, deployment, and post-deployment phases. Many BSI objectives were accomplished. Difficulties encountered included planning failures, loss of data and information, and difficulty in interpreting laboratory results. In order for biological surveillance initiatives to provide useful information for future deployments where environmental exposures may be a concern, meaningful, detailed, and realistic planning and preparation must occur long before the deployment is initiated. PMID:21916331

Deeter, David P

2011-07-01

294

Occurrence of diagenetic pseudobreccias within the paleokarst zone of the upper Dammam Formation in Kuwait, Arabian Gulf  

Microsoft Academic Search

A paleokarstic zone capping the Middle Eocene dolomitic Dammam Formation delineates a regional disconformity with the overlying\\u000a Mio-Pleistocene fluvial deposits in Kuwait. This formation outcrops in a quarry located in the southeast of Kuwait and occurs\\u000a in the subsurface of Umm Ghudair water field, west Kuwait. Karstification has affected the upper member of the Dammam Formation,\\u000a which is formed of

Fikry Ibrahim Khalaf

2011-01-01

295

Qatar-2: A K Dwarf Orbited by a Transiting Hot Jupiter and a Longer-Period Massive Planet  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report the discovery and initial characterization of Qatar-2b, a hot Jupiter transiting a K dwarf in a circular orbit with a short period, Pb = 1.34 days. Differential photometry and model fitting of transit data from both KeplerCam and LCOGT yielded light curve parameters Rp/Rs, a/Rs, u1, u2, and i that were optimized using the Markov Chain Monte Carlo technique. Radial velocity measurements from the Tillinghast Reflector Echelle Spectrograph of Qatar-2 over a span of 153 days provided a mass estimate for Qatar-2b, with velocity residuals from the orbital solution that pointed to the presence of a third body in the system. The light curve parameter a/Rs and spectroscopic values for effective temperature and metallicity were used in conjunction with stellar models to estimate the mass and radius of Qatar-2, leading to a mass and radius for Qatar-2b of MP = 2.54 MJ and RP = 1.14 RJ, respectively. Next we used the Systemic Console to explore possible orbital solutions for the outer companion, Qatar-2c. Plausible solutions have periods slightly less than a year and a mass of several MJ. However, further observations are needed to determine a reliable orbit for Qatar-2c. Qatar-2 is only the fourth example in the short but growing list of systems with a transiting hot Jupiter and an outer companion. This system architecture is in sharp contrast to that found by Kepler for multi-transiting systems, which are dominated by objects smaller than Neptune, usually with tightly spaced orbits that must be nearly coplanar.

Bryan, Marta; Alsubai, K. A.; Latham, D. W.; Quinn, S. N.; Collier Cameron, A.; Carter, J. A.; Buchave, L. A.

2012-01-01

296

Case study on combined CO? sequestration and low-salinity water production potential in a shallow saline aquifer in Qatar.  

PubMed

CO? is one of the byproducts of natural gas production in Qatar. The high rate of natural gas production from Qatar's North Field (world's largest non-associated gas field) has led to the production of significant amounts of CO?. The release of CO? into the atmosphere may be harmful from the perspective of global warming. In this work, we study the CO? sequestration potential in Qatar's Aruma aquifer. The Aruma aquifer is a saline aquifer in the southwest of Qatar. It occupies an area of approximately 1985 km? on land (16% of Qatar's total area). We have developed a compositional model for CO? sequestration in the Aruma aquifer on the basis of available log and flow test data. We suggest water production at some distance from the CO? injection wells as a possible way to control the pore pressure. This method increases the potential for safe sequestration of CO? in the aquifer without losing integrity of the caprock and without any CO? leakage. The water produced from this aquifer is considerably less saline than seawater and could be a good water source for the desalination process, which is currently the main source of water in Qatar. The outcome of the desalination process is water with higher salinity than the seawater that is currently discharged into the sea. This discharge can have negative long-term environmental effects. The water produced from the Aruma aquifer is considerably less saline than seawater and can be a partial solution to this problem. PMID:22672956

Ahmed, Tausif Khizar; Nasrabadi, Hadi

2012-06-04

297

An overview of the surface and near-surface geology, geomorphology and natural resources of Kuwait  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The surface and near-surface geology, geomorphology and natural resources of Kuwait have been reviewed based on the published work. The stratigraphy and structure of the near-surface sediments of Kuwait have been mainly controlled by the Tertiary tectonic activity of the Arabian Shield. The shield started separating from the African mainland by the close of the Eocene and drifted northeastward towards the Asian plate, giving rise to the folding and thrusting of the Zagros Mountains of Iran. The tectonic activity superimposed a northwest-southeast trend over an earlier north-south structural trend, and gave rise to parallel ridges and valleys trending northwest-southeast through differential erosion. It has been possible to identify 15 geomorphic zones and 11 morphostructures from analysis of the surface features of Kuwait. Seven of these morphostructures can be attributed to tectonic processes and two to fluvial processes. It has not been possible, however, to explain satisfactorily the origin of the Jal Az-Zor escarpment or the Ad-Dalmaniyah cliff. The whole of Kuwait can be divided into seven drainage zones. Of these, the internal drainage systems of the Ar-Raudhatain-Umm Al-Aish drainage system and the Ad-Dibdibba drainage system are hydrogeologically most important. The clastic deposits of Kuwait Group sediments, often affected by low-temperature carbonate (calcite and dolomite) and sulfate (gypsum) precipitation, form the surface rock of Kuwait. These are covered by recent aeolian and residual deposits; playa deposits in the enclosed basins; and near the coast, oolitic sediments, beach sands and sabkha deposits. The surface and near-surface deposits of Kuwait contain important reserves of construction sand and gravel as well as the only naturally occurring freshwater reserves of the country. An understanding of the nature of these surface deposits is required for the management of environmental issues like sand encroachment, land-use planning, and soil and groundwater pollution.

Al-Sulaimi, J.; Mukhopadhyay, A.

2000-06-01

298

Emerging Burden of Frail Young and Elderly Persons in Oman  

PubMed Central

Recent improvements in health and an increased standard of living in Oman have led to a reduction in environment-related and infectious diseases. Now the country is experiencing an epidemiological transition characterised by a baby boom, youth bulge and increasing longevity. Common wisdom would therefore suggest that Omanis will suffer less ill health. However, a survey of literature suggests that chronic non-communicable diseases are unexpectedly becoming common. This is possibly fuelled by some socio-cultural patterns specific to Oman, as well as the shortcomings of the ‘miracle’ of health and rapid modernisation. Unfortunately, such new diseases do not spare younger people; a proportion of them will need the type of care usually reserved for the elderly. In addition, due to their pervasive and refractory nature, these chronic non-communicable diseases seem impervious to the prevailing ‘cure-oriented’ health care system. This situation therefore calls for a paradigm shift: a health care system that goes beyond a traditional cure-orientation to provide care services for the chronically sick of all ages.

Al-Sinawi, Hamed; Al-Alawi, Mohammed; Al-Lawati, Rehab; Al-Harrasi, Ahmed; Al-Shafaee, Mohammed; Al-Adawi, Samir

2012-01-01

299

Prevalence of Depressive Symptoms among University Students in Oman  

PubMed Central

Objectives To study the prevalence of depressive symptoms and its association with gender, academic year, and college among university students in Oman. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted among Omani students attending the students’ clinic of the Sultan Qaboos University (SQU). A systematic sampling of students, males and females, from different colleges, who visited the clinic during the study period, was carried out. The self-administered Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) was used to screen for propensity to depression. Results A total of 481 students participated in the study (243 males and 238 females). Overall, 133 (27.7%) of the participants (66 males and 67 females) had depression of various grades based on the PHQ-9 diagnostic criteria using a cut point of more than 11. Depression score at the cut point of 11 was not statistically associated with gender, college and the academic year. Conclusion Tendency for depression might be a common health problem among college students in Oman attending primary health care facilities. Further research on socio-demographic characteristics and the effect of depression on the academic performance is needed.

Al-Busaidi, Zakiya; Bhargava, Kamlesh; Al-Ismaily, Aida; Al-Lawati, Hadia; Al-Kindi, Rahma; Al-Shafaee, Mohammad; Al-Maniri, Abdullah

2011-01-01

300

New heat flow measurements in Oman in the Arabian plate  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Precambrian shields are viewed as low heat flow provinces but detailed studies in Canada, South Africa and India shields demonstrate that large heat flow differences exist between them and within a single province, related to differences of crustal structures. Very few heat flow measurements are available on the Arabian shield and its thermal structure is poorly constrained. Heat flow reported for the Arabian Shield and its immediate platform (36-88 mWm-2) is broad. Thermal regime has a control on rheology and on deformation and the Arabian shield is of particular interest because it was affected by geodynamic processes such as the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden riftings starting around 30 Ma ago and the formation of the Dead Sea Transform fault starting at about 20 Ma. In December 2006, a marine heat-flow survey in the Gulf of Aden provided 169 new heat-flow measurements along multi-channel seismic profiles. One of the main results is that the high heat-flow (~120 mWm-2), characteristic of oceanic domains, extends into the deep continental margin and switches abruptly in the proximal margin to a low value (~40 mWm-2) typical of stable Precambrian domain. These low values have been confirmed by estimates derived from oil exploration data in few locations south of Oman. These data indicate a strong contrast of thermal regimes within the continental margin. Recent tomography studies on Arabia in Oman show that the lithosphere is significantly affected within Arabia in the vicinity of the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden. This pattern is apparently different from the observed heat-flow pattern, which needs to be confirmed and extended into the Arabian platform. The survey we conducted in October 2008 was to evaluate the thermal regime in the onshore domains of Oman. We measured the temperature gradient in 9 water wells in Dhofar south of Oman and in 8 mining wells in northern Oman in the ophiolite belt. The goal is to investigate the thermal structure of the Arabian plate and to study its variations within different geological contexts. Measurements in water wells depend strongly on how the reservoirs interact with the thermal regime and water circulations perturbed some wells. Others show a stable temperature gradient (14-28 mKm-1) leading to a surface heat flow in the range of 35-56 mWm-2 if we assume a conductivity of 2 Wm-1K-1 based on oil exploration wells. A more detailed analysis of the lithology is still needed. Measurements in mining wells in northern Dhofar give low gradients (7- 22 mKm-1). The thermal conductivity of basalts, in the range 1.5-2.5 Wm-1K-1, leads to a heat flow lower than 50 mWm-2. Thermal conductivities of rock samples will be measured but the overall trend seems to indicate a low heat flow for the Arabian shield.

Rolandone, F.; Lucazeau, F.; Jaupart, C.; Leroy, S.; Bache, F.; Amerjeed, M.; Lally, J.

2009-04-01

301

Utilization of multi?dates LANDSAT_TM data to detect and quantify the environmental damages in the southeastern region of Kuwait from 1990 to 1991  

Microsoft Academic Search

The invasion of Kuwait by Iraqi forces in August 1990, has affected the environment of the Gulf region and of Kuwait in particular. The environmental consequences of military operations and burning of oil wells in 1991 severely affected the air and the marine environment in addition to the terrestrial ecosystems in Kuwait. The air environment received hundreds of thousands of

2007-01-01

302

Glycemic index of selected carbohydrate-based foods consumed in Qatar.  

PubMed

This study determined the glycemic index (GI) of selected carbohydrate-rich foods consumed in Qatar. Recruited volunteers (n = 19) consumed two reference foods, glucose and white bread, and 10 test foods. The foods tested for their GI were Fatayer (cheese, Zaatar, spinach), Tanour white bread, white basmati rice, Shearia, Muhalabea, Sago Awama and Qurs Aquili. Results of the study indicated that all of the foods tested had high GIs (> 70). Shearia had the highest GI (84.0 +/- 1.85) using the glucose scale, and Fatayer Spinach had the lowest GI (77.6 +/- 2.00). There was no significant correlation between the GI of all test foods, using glucose or white bread as standard foods, and the age or the body mass index of the volunteers (P > 0.05). The study provides data on the GIs of carbohydrate-based foods consumed in Qatar and other Arabian Gulf countries that have not been reported before. PMID:20141487

Hassan, Abdelmonem; Elobeid, Tahra; Kerkadi, Abdelhamid; Medhat, Maha; Suheil, Ghadeer

2010-08-01

303

Adequacy, accountability, autonomy and equity in a Middle Eastern school reform: The case of Qatar  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study examines Qatar's recent and ambitious school reform in the early stages of its implementation against a set of four criteria for successful education systems drawn from guidelines developed by the international community: adequacy, accountability, autonomy and gender equity. We investigate both the initial structure of the reform and its sustainability in light of concerns that movements in these directions might be politically unfeasible. To some degree, these concerns are substantiated by the developments we trace. However, it is important to note that the reform has changed the landscape of primary and secondary education in Qatar and that many reform principles, though diluted, have been retained. This paper highlights lessons learned - both hopeful and cautionary - in the first few years of reform and presents a methodology for evaluating progress along key dimensions that can be applied to school systems in many nations.

Guarino, Cassandra M.; Tanner, Jeffery C.

2012-04-01

304

Prevalence and Factors Associated with the Use of Illicit Substances among Male University Students in Kuwait.  

PubMed

Objectives: To estimate the prevalence of illicit use of substances and identify the factors associated with illicit drug use among male students in the state-run Kuwait University and private universities in Kuwait. Subjects and Methods: The study was a cross-sectional survey with a sample of 1,587 male students from both private universities (n = 869) and the public (n = 718) Kuwait University in Kuwait. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data. Overall lifetime prevalence of substance use was computed with 95% confidence interval. Logistic regression was used to identify the factors influencing substance use, which was adjusted for potential confounders. Results: The total lifetime prevalence of illicit drug use was 14.4% and the most frequently used illicit substance was marijuana (11%). The substance use in general varied significantly (p ? 0.001) between private (18%) and public (10%) universities. Multivariate logistic regression model revealed that drug use was positively associated with age, poor academic performance, high family income, being an only child, divorced parents, and graduation from a private high school. Conclusion: Drug use among male university students in Kuwait was high and requires attention and appropriate intervention. The factors identified with drug use in this study could be utilized to develop appropriate public health policies and preventive measures that may improve the health status of the student population. PMID:23635908

Bajwa, Hisham Z; Al-Turki, Ahmed S A; Dawas, Ahmed M K; Behbehani, Mohammad Q; Al-Mutairi, Abdulaziz M A; Al-Mahmoud, Shaymaa; Shukkur, Mumtaz; Thalib, Lukman

2013-04-27

305

Water Level and Current Simulation for LOTS Operations - Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

New technology for detailed numerical modeling of water levels and currents at potential LOTS sites is developed and demonstrated in the Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman. This technology offers great potential for systematically developing large-scale region...

E. F. Thompson Z. Demirbilek L. L. Hadley P. Rivers K. E. Huff

1994-01-01

306

Doing Business in Oman: A Country Commercial Guide for U.S. Companies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Country Commercial Guide (CCG) presents a comprehensive look at the Oman's commercial environment, using economic, political and market analysis. It provides in-depth information on and weblinks to topics including trade regulation and standards, sel...

2008-01-01

307

Doing Business in Oman: A Country Commercial Guide for U.S. Companies, 2008.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Country Commercial Guide (CCG) presents a comprehensive look at the Oman's commercial environment, using economic, political and market analysis. It provides in-depth information on and weblinks to topics including trade regulation and standards, sel...

2008-01-01

308

Epidemiology of bluetongue and related orbiviruses in the Sultanate of Oman.  

PubMed Central

Sentinel herds at 34 farms were used to study the epidemiology of bluetongue and related orbiviruses in Oman. The results indicate that bluetongue virus (BTV) is widespread and is enzootic in Northern Oman. At least three BTV serotypes (3, 4 and 22) were present at the time of the study. Antibodies to epizootic haemorrhagic disease of deer virus (EHDV) type 2 and EHDV-318 were also detected but were less prevalent. Entomological investigations identified the presence of 16 species of Culicoides. The peak seasonal incidence of the BTV vector C. imicola and the EHDV vectors C. schultzei (group) midges at Rumais in Northern Oman correlated closely with the spring rains in that area. However, both species of midge were also present in lower numbers throughout the year. four species of Oman midge, C. arabiensis, C. ibriensis, C. neoschultzei and C. buettikeri are new to science.

al-Busaidy, S. M.; Mellor, P. S.

1991-01-01

309

Germination Behavior of Seeds of Four Flowering Trees of the Genus Cassia under Arid Climatic Conditions of Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Flowering trees can augment the aesthetic, landscape and recreational elements of the ecosystem and can be complementary to shrubs, climbers and ground cover in comprehensive greenery and landscape activities. Hence to breach the uniformity of greenery plants in Kuwait landscape, this study was initiated at the Aridland Agriculture and Greenery Department of Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research (KISR) and to

H. S. Al-Menaie; A. Al-Shatti

310

Hand Hygiene Practices among Nursing Staff in Public Secondary Care Hospitals in Kuwait: Self-Report and Direct Observation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To assess the compliance with hand hygiene guidelines among nursing staff in secondary care hospitals in Kuwait. Subjects and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted through direct observation using the Lewisham observation tool and self-administered questionnaire in six major public secondary care hospitals in Kuwait. Only patient care activities that are described as ‘dirty contacts’ by the Fulkerson scale

Batool Al-Wazzan; Yasmeen Salmeen; Eisa Al-Amiri; Ala’a Abul; Manal Bouhaimed; Abdullah Al-Taiar

2011-01-01

311

An Overview of Solid Waste Management and Plastic Recycling in Qatar  

Microsoft Academic Search

Municipal solid waste management (MSWM) constitutes one of the most crucial health and environmental problems facing authorities\\u000a in the Arabian Gulf. Recent literature on current solid waste management (SWM) in Qatar has been reviewed in this paper, and\\u000a a focused study has been carried out to provide a review on the total amount of municipal solid waste generated, stored, collected,

M. Al-Maaded; N. K. Madi; Ramazan Kahraman; A. Hodzic; N. G. Ozerkan

312

Comparison of intestinal parasitic infection in newly arrived and resident workers in Qatar  

PubMed Central

Background The rapid growth of Qatar in the last two decades has been associated with an enormous expansion of building programs in its cities and in the provision of new service industries. This in turn has attracted a large influx of immigrant workers seeking employment in jobs associated with food handling, domestic service and the building industry. Many of these immigrants come from countries in the tropics and subtropics where intestinal parasitic infections are common. Methods We analyzed intestinal parasitic infections recorded in 2008 among immigrant and long-term resident workers in Doha city, Qatar (n = 1538). Stool examinations were carried out at the Hamad Medical Corporation and at the Medical Commission in Doha using standard procedures. Results Overall, 21.5% of subjects were infected with at least one of the species recorded (8 helminth and 4 protozoan species; the highest prevalence was for hookworms = 8.3%) and there were strong regional effects on prevalence of helminths, with subjects from North East Africa and Nepal showing particularly high prevalence. Most helminths declined in prevalence in subjects that acquired residency status in Qatar, especially among female subjects, but there was a marked exception among male Nepalese workers, who continued to harbour helminth infections (notably hookworms) after they became residents. Contrary to all other regional groups the prevalence of Giardia duodenalis was higher among Nepalese residents compared with new arrivals, while Blastocystis hominis infections were more common among residents of all regions, and especially among North East Africans. Conclusions Our analysis has identified male Nepalese workers as a particular risk group continuing to harbour hookworm infection and G. duodenalis as residents, and subjects from North East Africa are as particularly likely to acquire B. hominis infection after settling in the country. These conclusions have important implications for the health authorities in Qatar.

2011-01-01

313

Economics of off-shore\\/on-shore wind energy systems in Qatar  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work presents an assessment of the potential and economical feasibility of adopting off-shore\\/on-shore wind energy as a renewable source of energy in Qatar. An analysis is presented for the long term measured on-shore wind speed (1976–2000) at Doha International Airport. A similar analysis is presented for the measured off-shore wind speed at the Qatari Haloul Island. For the on-shore

A-Hamid Marafia; Hamdy A. Ashour

2003-01-01

314

The potential of gas-to-liquid technology in the energy market: The case of Qatar  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a comprehensive methodology for evaluating the economic attractiveness of gas-to-liquid (GTL) technology in a gas rich country like Qatar. The Qatari gas volume needed to fully satisfy the projected long-term market demand of GTL products (mainly diesel oil) in the Asia-Pacific region is evaluated. Based on the state-of-the-art GTL technology, the number, size and the commissioning dates

R. Chedid; M. Kobrosly; R. Ghajar

2007-01-01

315

E-government diffusion in Oman: a public sector employees' perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Although significant investments have been made, to date only limited progress has been made in terms of realising fully functional and integrated e-government services in Oman. The purpose of this paper is to identify the most salient factors that are currently influencing the development and diffusion of e-government in Oman as perceived by government employees involved in e-government

Moaman Al-Busaidy; Vishanth Weerakkody

2009-01-01

316

Exploration of an alluvial aquifer in Oman by time-domain electromagnetic sounding  

Microsoft Academic Search

One-third of the population of Oman depends upon groundwater extracted from the alluvium of the Batinah Plain, on the coast\\u000a of the Gulf of Oman. Deep geophysical exploration techniques were used to determine the depth and nature of the alluvium and\\u000a the boundaries of the aquifer. The base and structural controls of the alluvial basin at its contact with Tertiary

M. E. Young; R. G. M. de Bruijn; A. Salim Al-Ismaily

1998-01-01

317

A study of the chemical composition of traditional eye cosmetics ("kohls") used in Qatar and Yemen.  

PubMed

This study looks at the chemical composition of traditional eye cosmetics ("kohls") used in Qatar and Yemen. Of especial interest was how many samples in each country contain the toxic element lead. In Qatar 19 observably different kohl samples were obtained, and in Yemen ten such samples obtained. The analytical techniques of scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD) were used to study the samples. For the samples from Qatar, six of the 19 (32%) contained galena (lead sulfide, PbS)--all as the main component. However, for the samples from Yemen, five of the ten (50%) samples contained galena as the main component, with another three having it present as a minor component. Overall, the other main components were found to be: amorphous carbon (3), iron oxides (hematite, Fe2O3; and goethite, FeO(OH)) (1), quartz (SiO2) (1), sassolite (H3BO3) (5), talc (Mg3Si4O10(OH)2) (1), and zincite (ZnO) (7). PMID:18841305

Hardy, Andrew D; Farrant, Alexander J; Rollinson, Gavyn; Barss, Peter; Vaishnav, Ragini

318

Modeling pan evaporation for Kuwait by multiple linear regression.  

PubMed

Evaporation is an important parameter for many projects related to hydrology and water resources systems. This paper constitutes the first study conducted in Kuwait to obtain empirical relations for the estimation of daily and monthly pan evaporation as functions of available meteorological data of temperature, relative humidity, and wind speed. The data used here for the modeling are daily measurements of substantial continuity coverage, within a period of 17 years between January 1993 and December 2009, which can be considered representative of the desert climate of the urban zone of the country. Multiple linear regression technique is used with a procedure of variable selection for fitting the best model forms. The correlations of evaporation with temperature and relative humidity are also transformed in order to linearize the existing curvilinear patterns of the data by using power and exponential functions, respectively. The evaporation models suggested with the best variable combinations were shown to produce results that are in a reasonable agreement with observation values. PMID:23226984

Almedeij, Jaber

2012-11-22

319

Taking stock of Saddam's fiery legacy in Kuwait  

SciTech Connect

Six months after Saddam Hussein's torching of more than 700 Kuwaiti oil wells, health officials, meteorologists, and environmental experts convened during mid-August in Cambridge, Massachusetts, to assess the impact of the fires. The soot cloud produced by the fires hasn't produced a nuclear winter, nor are the carbon dioxide and other gases released going to have an appreciable effect on global warming, although regional weather changes are possible. So far adverse health effects from the heavy pall of pollution caused by the fires have been surprisingly mild. This isn't to say that premature deaths will not occur, but many scientists had feared much worse. Nevertheless, all researchers concede that the data for this particular conclusion are still preliminary, and they expressed concerns that health problems may worsen in the coming months. Most of the health effects are expected in a region blanketed by a plume of smoke 800 to 1,000 kilometers long. The average concentrations of the primary pollutants it contains, carbon-based particles and sulfur dioxide, are similar to those in any large urban center. Still, the oil fires increase the pollution burden on Kuwait, which already had a problem with particulates in the air, and some epidemiologists expect that the extra pollutants will take their toll.

Hoffman, M.

1991-08-30

320

Optical extinction of smoke from the Kuwait oil fires  

SciTech Connect

Aircraft-based measurements of optical extinction, optical scattering, and particle mass concentrations were obtained in the smoke from the Kuwait oil fires during May and June 1991. These measurements were used to derive optical absorption, single-scattering albedo ({anti {omega}}), specific absorption and the amount of soot in the smoke. Measurements were made in smoke from individual oil wells, pool fires and in composite smoke plumes. The value of {anti {omega}} for smoke from the individual fires was either 0.35-0.4 (for the black smoke) or 0.85-0.95 (for the white smoke). For the aged composite plume from all of the fires, {anti {omega}} ranged from 0.52 to 0.6. The specific absorption of the composite smoke varied from about 2 m{sup 2} g{sup {minus}1} near the fires to about 1.5 m{sup 2} g{sup {minus}1} well downwind. 8 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab.

Weiss, R.E. [Radiance Research, Inc., Seattle, WA (United States); Hobbs, P.V. [Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States)

1992-09-20

321

Assessment of the 10-year risk of coronary heart disease events for Qatar Petroleum's firefighters and non-firefighter staff in Qatar.  

PubMed

Coronary heart disease is a major public health problem worldwide and firefighters may be at particular occupational risk. In a cross-sectional study in Ras Laffan Industrial City, Qatar, we assessed the 10-year risk of coronary heart disease events for 369 Qatar Petroleum staff at their periodic medical examination. The subjects of the study (all males) were divided into firefighters and non-firefighters groups. Based on the Framingham risk score calculations, 69.9% of the subjects were categorized as low risk, 27.1% as intermediate risk and 2.9% as high risk. None of the firefighters was categorized as high risk, 15.5% were intermediate and the rest were low risk. In the whole group, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol was the most prevalent risk factor (68.8%), followed by hypertension (32.0%) and smoking (15.4%). The mean risk of developing coronary heart disease in firefighters [6.5% (SD 3.7%)] was significantly lower than in non-firefighters 19.5% (SD 6.5%)]. PMID:22571088

Mochtar, I; Hooper, R W

2012-02-01

322

Investigation of the efficiency of existing air pollution monitoring sites in the state of Kuwait.  

PubMed

The use of mathematical modelling for investigation of the efficiency of existing monitoring sites for the impact of SO(2) emissions from power stations in the state of Kuwait is described. The Industrial Source Complex Short Term (ISCST3) model is utilised to obtain the spatial and temporal variations of SO(2) over residential areas. Statistical comparison between the 50 highest daily measured and predicted SO(2) concentrations at six monitoring sites shows that the model is capable of generating results with accuracy of 60--94%. An important conclusion of this work is that the existing locations of the Kuwait-EPA monitoring stations are not suitable for measuring the actual impact of SO(2). Therefore, there is a need for relocation of these sites to register the highest levels of SO(2) emitted from the current power stations in the state of Kuwait. PMID:15949880

Al-Rashidi, M S; Nassehi, V; Wakeman, R J

2005-11-01

323

A conceptual approach to selection of a control measure for residual chlorine discharge in Kuwait bay  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is estimated that some 17 metric tons of residual oxidants (chlorine) are discharged into the enclosed coastal seawater of Kuwait on a daily basis from power-desalination plants alone. Alarmed by the unlimited number of reported cases of damage to marine aquatic systems due to chlorine discharge around the world, several alternatives were proposed to control such a massive discharge of residual oxidant into seawaters. Most of the proposed alternatives lacked the basic criteria necessary for their evaluation, justification, and then selection. The objective of this article is to provide a conceptual approach that can be used to select a control measure for residual oxidant discharge in Kuwait coastal seawaters. This approach is based on state-of-the-art knowledge and the unique operational and environmental factors involved. A matrix system was designed whereby the cost of residual chlorine control alternative, its effectiveness, and environmental and public health impact, performance, and reliability in Kuwait can be compared and evaluated. The selection approach considered currently operating power plants in terms of their engineering design and material (cast iron or steel condensers), current operational conditions, operator's perception, acceptability, and projected problems associated with the environmental management of proposed modifications. The proposed approach revealed that in Kuwait, conventinal chlorination was marginally superseded only by chlorination/dechlorination using SO2 and operation alteration using process optimization. The overall cost-effective assessment matrix classified other alternatives as worse than chlorination by various degrees. Ozone and UV were found to be the worst and the least desirable alternatives for biofouling control of seawater in Kuwait. In light of the available information on the consequences of the Gulf War on the marine environment, and the potential formation of additional halogenated organic compounds through the reaction of residual chlorine with the released petroleum hydrocarbons, it is essential to control residual chlorine discharged into the nearshore environment of Kuwait.

Khordagui, Hosny K.

1992-05-01

324

Implementation of the INTERGROWTH-21(st) Project in Oman.  

PubMed

The Middle Eastern site in the INTERGROWTH-21(st) Project was Muscat, the capital city of Oman, with approximately 10 500 births per year. The sample for the Newborn Cross-Sectional Study (NCSS) was drawn from two hospitals covering 96% of the region's births. The Fetal Growth Longitudinal Study (FGLS) sample was recruited from four primary health facilities serving Khoula Hospital, using the eligibility criteria in the INTERGROWTH-21(st) protocol. Special activities to encourage participation in this population included local advocacy campaigns to encourage early antenatal booking and ultrasound dating in the population. The major challenges at the site were the recruitment of sufficient numbers of women at an early gestational age, and the timely measurement of all newborns within 12 hours of birth. Many individuals and institutions collaborated effectively over a period of several years on these studies, which required careful planning and close monitoring for their successful implementation. PMID:23679957

Jaffer, Ya; Al Abri, J; Abdawani, J; Knight, He; Cheikh Ismail, L

2013-05-17

325

Identifying tsunami deposits using shell taphonomy: Sur lagoon, Oman  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

On November 28th, 1945 an 8.1 magnitude earthquake focused in the eastern portion of the Makran subduction zone (Arabian Sea) generated a powerful tsunami that destroyed many coastal villages in Pakistan and India. Reports indicate that the tsunami also caused significant damage in Muscat, Oman, although its effects elsewhere in Oman are unknown. A thick bivalve dominated shell horizon was discovered inside the Sur lagoon, which is located on the eastern promontory of Oman (200 km south of Muscat). This shell deposit is significant because it is laterally extensive (> 1 km2), extends deep within the lagoon (>2 km), ranges in thickness from 5 - 25 cm at the sample localities, contains numerous subtidal and offshore bivalve species, and articulated subtidal and offshore bivalve species are abundant. Although there is an absence of typical tsunami indicators such as allochthonous sediment in and around the lagoon, verbal accounts, cultural evidence recovered during coring, and the absence of strong storms during the past 100 years indicates that this shell unit was caused by the 1945 tsunami. In this setting, it would be advantageous to have another proxy for tsunami detection and risk prediction. The use of shell taphonomy is one of the potential indicators and here we present new evidence of its utility. We sampled this unit in eight locations, and compared the shell taphonomy to surface shell samples collected from beach and reworked horizons in the lagoon, and to shell samples from a known tsunami and corresponding storm/ballast deposit in Israel (Reinhardt et al., 2006). Taphonomic analysis yielded promising results, as the two tsunami horizons shared excellent agreement between the amount of fragmented shells, and the percentage of shells displaying angular breaks. Both of these categories were significantly different from the percentage of fragments and angular fragments recovered from the reworked, beach, and storm/ballast deposits, indicating different environmental factors acting upon the shell assemblages. These results suggest that tsunamigenic shell deposits can be identified based on their taphonomic characteristics when compared to beach and storm deposits in the same setting. Our data indicates that the following diagnostic taphonomic characteristics may indicate a tsunamigenic deposit: 1) presence/absence of articulated bivalves, 2) increased percentage of fragmented valves, 3) increased percentage of angular fragments, and 4) the large number of offshore bivalves in the lagoon. This study highlights the potential benefits and opportunity for using bivalve taphonomy as a useful indicator of paleotsunami deposits, particularly in protected coastal embayments in arid regions where stratified deposits might not readily preserve. This technique holds potential, as shell deposits are easy to identify in the field by non-experts, is very low cost, and analysis uses simple, easily applicable and recognizable taphonomic characteristics. Furthermore, this proxy can be used for risk assessment purposes in coastal areas with a seismic history but lacking a paleotsunami record. Further testing of this hypothesis should be conducted along the Omani coastline, particularly in the lagoons along the Eastern promontory. Key Words: tsunami, taphonomy, Oman, bivalve

Donato, S.; Reinhardt, E.; Rothaus, R.; Boyce, J.

2007-05-01

326

Diurnal fluctuations in polybrominated diphenyl ether concentrations during and after a severe dust storm episode in Kuwait City, Kuwait.  

PubMed

Concentrations of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) were quantified in four-hour integrated air samples obtained serially over a five day period in May 2007 in Kuwait City during and after a severe dust storm. The ?PBDE concentrations ranged from 51 to 1307 pg m(-3) for the first two days of sampling and 20 to 148 pg m(-3) for the rest of the sampling period. The first two days of sampling occurred during a severe dust storm episode when the total suspended particulates (TSP) in air exceeded 1000 ?g/m(3) with concentrations peaking during the day and decreasing at night. During this dust episode, the peak nighttime PBDE concentration was 30 times higher than the minimum daytime concentration. Although ?PBDE concentrations peaked at night during the first two sampling days, the fluctuations in the BDE 47:99 ratio tracked changes in ambient temperature remarkably well, following a clear diurnal pattern. The fraction of congeners in the gas phase varied inversely with solar flux and was lower on days with a high number of hours of sunshine, suggesting that photolytic degradation of gas-phase PBDEs was occurring. PMID:20942478

Gevao, Bondi; Jaward, Foday M; MacLeod, Matthew; Jones, Kevin C

2010-11-01

327

Municipal Demand for Water in Kuwait: Methodological Issues and Empirical Results  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study utilized, for the first time, a demand function for municipal water derived from the Stone-Geary utility function, thereby permitting explicit consideration of the minimum amount of water necessary for daily needs. Using monthly data from Kuwait, this demand function gave greater price elasticity estimates but smaller income elasticity estimates than those of other countries. It was estimated that the "subsistence" water use level in Kuwait is about 42 L per capita per day and the results suggest that at least in that wealthy country, people do respond to changes in the prices of public services.

Al-Qunaibet, Mohammad H.; Johnston, Richard S.

1985-04-01

328

Increased frequencies of sister chromatid exchange in soldiers deployed to Kuwait.  

PubMed

Frequencies of sister chromatid exchange (SCE), a measure of genotoxic exposure, were assessed in military troops deployed to Kuwait in 1991. Soldiers completed health questionnaires and had blood collected prior to, during and following deployment to Kuwait. Frequency of spontaneous SCE was determined on blood samples as a measure of mutagenic exposure. Compared to pre-deployment baseline SCE frequency means, levels obtained 2 months into the Kuwaiti deployment were significantly increased (P < 0.001) and persisted for at least 1 month after return to Germany. Outcome was unaffected by known personal SCE effect modifiers including smoking, age and diet. Potential sources of the apparent mutagenic exposure are discussed. PMID:7666779

McDiarmid, M A; Jacobson-Kram, D; Koloder, K; Deeter, D P; Lachiver, R M; Scott, B G; Petrucelli, B; Gustavison, D; Putman, D

1995-05-01

329

Socioeconomic associations of improved maternal, neonatal, and perinatal survival in Qatar  

PubMed Central

This retrospective study analyzed the temporal association between socioeconomic development indices and improved maternal, neonatal, and perinatal survival in the State of Qatar over a period of 35 years (1974–2008). We explored the association between reduction in poverty, improvement in maternal education, and perinatal health care on the one hand, and increased maternal, neonatal, and perinatal survival on the other hand. Yearly mortality data was ascertained from the perinatal and neonatal mortality registers of the Women’s Hospital and the national database in the Department of Preventive Medicine at Hamad Medical Corporation in Doha. A total of 323,014 births were recorded during the study period. During these 35 years, there was a remarkable decline (P < 0.001) in Qatar’s neonatal mortality rate from 26.27/1000 in 1974 to 4.4/1000 in 2008 and in the perinatal mortality rate from 44.4/1000 in 1974 to 10.58/1000 in 2008. Qatar’s maternal mortality rate remained zero during 1993, 1995, and then in 1998–2000. The maternal mortality rate was 11.6/100,000 in 2008. For the rest of the years it has been approximately 10/100,000. Across the study period, the reduction in poverty, increase in maternal education, and improved perinatal health care were temporally associated with a significant improvement in maternal, neonatal, and perinatal survival. The total annual births increased five-fold during the study period, with no negative impact on survival rates. Neonatal mortality rates in Qatar have reached a plateau since 2005. We also conducted a substudy to assess the association between improvements in survival rates in relation to health care investment. For this purpose, we divided the study period into two eras, ie, era A (1974–1993) during which major health care investment was in community-based, low-cost interventions, and era B (1994–2008) during which the major health care investment was in high-technology institutional interventions. Although from 1974–1993 (era A) the per capita health expenditure increased by only 19% as compared with a 137% increase in 1994–2008 (era B). The decline in neonatal and perinatal mortality rates was three times steeper during era A than in era B. The decline in neonatal and perinatal mortality rates was also significant (P < 0.001) when analyzed separately for era A and era B. We concluded that across the 35-year period covered by our study, the reduction in poverty, increased maternal education, and improved perinatal health care were temporally associated with improved maternal, neonatal, and perinatal survival in the State of Qatar. From the subanalysis of era A and era B, we concluded that low-cost, community-based interventions, on the background of socioeconomic development, have a stronger impact on maternal, neonatal, and perinatal survival as compared with high-cost institutional interventions.

Rahman, Sajjad; Salameh, Khalil; Bener, Abdulbari; El Ansari, Walid

2010-01-01

330

The unstable Gulf  

SciTech Connect

This book is an analysis of the international political environment for business in the Gulf region. To secure the flow of oil supplies to the West, the U.S. relies on stable relations with the key Gulf states: Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Oman, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, and Qatar. The region's dynamic balance of power, however, is inherently destabilizing, which threatens the investment climate and the billions of dollars of international commerce with the Gulf states expected in the next decade. Dr. Martin analyzes the effects of the religious, ethnic, and ideological differences in the Persian Gulf on superpower competition and U.S. energy policy.

Martin, L.G.

1986-01-01

331

History in the News: Middle East History, Society, and Culture Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Department of History, University at Albany, SUNY (last reviewed in the January 21, 2000 Scout Report) has put together a useful and straightforward metasite covering resources on the history and culture of the Middle East. History in the News focuses specifically on Bahrain, Cyprus, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkey, UAE, and Yemen. Resources are easily browseable by topic (History, Religion, Economics, Maps) or by country. This is a nice place to start one's reading on this newsworthy region of the world.

2001-01-01

332

Oxidation states of uranium in depleted uranium particles from Kuwait.  

PubMed

The oxidation states of uranium in depleted uranium (DU) particles were determined by synchrotron radiation based mu-XANES, applied to individual particles isolated from selected samples collected at different sites in Kuwait. Based on scanning electron microscopy with X-ray microanalysis prior to mu-XANES, DU particles ranging from submicrons to several hundred micrometers were observed. The median particle size depended on sources and sampling sites; small-sized particles (median 13 microm) were identified in swipes taken from the inside of DU penetrators holes in tanks and in sandy soil collected below DU penetrators, while larger particles (median 44 microm) were associated with fire in a DU ammunition storage facility. Furthermore, the (236)U/(235)U ratios obtained from accelerator mass spectrometry demonstrated that uranium in the DU particles originated from reprocessed fuel (about 10(-2) in DU from the ammunition facility, about 10(-3) for DU in swipes). Compared to well-defined standards, all investigated DU particles were oxidized. Uranium particles collected from swipes were characterized as UO(2), U(3)O(8) or a mixture of these oxidized forms, similar to that observed in DU affected areas in Kosovo. Uranium particles formed during fire in the DU ammunition facility were, however, present as oxidation state +5 and +6, with XANES spectra similar to solid uranyl standards. Environmental or health impact assessments for areas affected by DU munitions should therefore take into account the presence of respiratory UO(2), U(3)O(8) and even UO(3) particles, their corresponding weathering rates and the subsequent mobilisation of U from oxidized DU particles. PMID:15511555

Salbu, B; Janssens, K; Lind, O C; Proost, K; Gijsels, L; Danesi, P R

2005-01-01

333

Genetic Blood Disorders Survey in the Sultanate of Oman.  

PubMed

The Genetic Blood Disorders Survey is the first community-based survey in the Arabic world and the Middle East to determine the prevalence of the most common genetic blood disorders. The objective of the survey was to determine the prevalence of the most common genetic blood disorders reported among Omani children under 5 years of age in order to provide the planners and policy-makers with reliable information suitable for formulating health policies, planning, and evaluation. The survey was designed, executed, and financed by the Ministry of Health of the Sultanate of Oman. To reduce costs and save effort and time, data collection for the survey was implemented with the Gulf Family Health Survey (GFHS). The GFHS in the Sultanate of Oman is a research project undertaken by the Council of Health Ministers of the Gulf Co-operation Council States. The six member countries have participated in this GFHS project. A total of 6103 households were interviewed. From these households 6342 children under 5 years of age were taken by their parents to neighbourhood hospitals or health centres for blood collection. Fifty-one per cent of the sample were male and 49 per cent were female. Among the child respondents, 17.9 per cent were in the age group 0 to < 1 year, 20.3 per cent were in the age group 1 to < 2 years, 21.1 per cent were in the age group 2 to < 3 years, 20.5 per cent were in the age group 3 to < 4 years, and 20.2 per cent were in the age group 4 to 5 years. Fifty-five per cent of the mothers of the children studied were illiterate, 9 per cent could read and write but had less than primary education, 20 per cent had completed primary school, 9 per cent had attended preparatory school, 5 per cent had attended secondary school, 1 per cent had had intermediate education, while 0.6 per cent had completed university or higher education. The results of this survey revealed that haemoglobinopathies are prevalent in Oman; the prevalence of sickle cell trait was 6 per cent, and of beta-thalassaemia 2 per cent. The prevalence of sickle cell and homozygous beta-thalassaemia were 0.2 and 0.07 per cent, respectively. Other abnormal haemoglobins (Hb) have been detected in this survey; HbD (0.6 per cent), HbE (0.3 per cent), HbC (0.02 per cent). Combination of sickle cell with other abnormal Hb was also detected at low prevalence. Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) enzyme deficiency had a high prevalence in Oman, being 25 per cent in males and 10 per cent in females. Among the children studied, three-quarters (74.5 per cent) were found to be free from haemoglobinopathies and G6PD normal, the rest (25.5 per cent), either had haemoglobinopathies (7.5 per cent), G6PD deficiency (16 per cent) or a combination of G6PD deficiency with at least one abnormal Hb (2 per cent). The prevalence of total haemoglobinopathies in Oman was 9.5 per cent. The prevalence of sickle cell trait varied between regions, North Sharqiya had the highest prevalence of 10 per cent. Dakhiliya (9 per cent), followed by Muscat and South Batinah 8 and 7.9 per cent, respectively. The prevalence of sickle cell trait declined by a half in Musandam, South Sharqiya, Dhahira, and North Batinah (4.7, 3.9, 3.9, and 2.9 per cent respectively). Dhofar had the lowest prevalence of 0.2 per cent and no cases of sickle cell trait were found in the Al-Wousta region in the sample selected. The prevalence of beta-thalassaemia trait ranged from 3.9 to 0.2 per cent. Three regions had high rates: North Batinah (3.9 per cent), Muscat (2.8 per cent), and Dakhiliya (2 per cent). The other five regions in the Sultanate have lower rates: Dhahira (1.7 per cent), Musandam (1.6 per cent), South Batinah (1.5 per cent), South Sharqiya (1.2 per cent), and North Sharqiya (1.1 per cent). The prevalence of beta-thalassaemia trait in Dhofar was 0.2 per cent and no cases were detected in the Al-Wousta region. The prevalence of G6PD deficiency reached 29 per cent in Dakhiliya, 26 per cent in South Batinah, 21 per cent in Dhahira, 19 per cent in Muscat and 17 per cent in North Sharqiya and N

Al-Riyami, Asya; Ebrahim, G J

2003-07-01

334

Expected scenarios of environmental threats in Iraq compared with Kuwait's case  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to review the literature about the environment as one of the victims of war throughout the history of mankind. Kuwait's environment, as a victim of the scorched-earth tactic carried out by the retreating Iraqi forces in 1991, is also reviewed. The probable scenarios of an environmental threat in Iraq as a result

Ali Mohamed Al-Damkhi

2007-01-01

335

The attitudes, knowledge and beliefs of Arab parents in Kuwait about stuttering  

Microsoft Academic Search

An Arabic version of the Public Opinion Survey of Human Attributes Inventory [POSHA-E; St Louis, K. O. (2005), a global instrument to measure public attitudes about stuttering. (The ASHA Leader, 22, 2–13)] was administered to 424 Arab parents of preschool and school age children in 18 government schools across all six governorates in Kuwait. The survey questions pertained to and

Maram Al-Khaledi; Michelle Lincoln; Patricia McCabe; Ann Packman; Tariq Alshatti

2009-01-01

336

The Attitudes, Knowledge and Beliefs of Arab Parents in Kuwait about Stuttering  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An Arabic version of the Public Opinion Survey of Human Attributes Inventory [POSHA-E; St Louis, K. O. (2005), a global instrument to measure public attitudes about stuttering. ("The ASHA Leader," 22, 2-13)] was administered to 424 Arab parents of preschool and school age children in 18 government schools across all six governorates in Kuwait. The…

Al-Khaledi, Maram; Lincoln, Michelle; McCabe, Patricia; Packman, Ann; Alshatti, Tariq

2009-01-01

337

LIS Students' ICT Skills in Kuwait: Perspectives of Employers, Teaching Staff and Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In Kuwait and elsewhere, developments in electronic information resources have led to the demand for employees with ICT (information and communication technology) skills especially in information handling institutions. There is, therefore, a need to prepare the students for this workplace. As a result, the ICT skills of current LIS (library and…

Buarki, Hanadi; Hepworth, Mark; Murray, Ian

2011-01-01

338

Sex Differences in the Styles of Thinking of College Students in Kuwait.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study of gender-related differences in cognitive style of Kuwait University students investigated the relationship between sex roles and socialization in the Kuwaiti society and hemispheric brain functions. It is concluded that both males and females need to develop right-brain functions and that child-rearing and teaching methods should be…

Soliman, Abdalla M.

1989-01-01

339

Establishing an integrated databank for plastic manufacturers and converters in Kuwait.  

PubMed

During the past decade, plastic solid waste (PSW) has increased drastically in the state of Kuwait, amounting to 13% of the waste load. Most ends up in landfills with only a minor percentage being recycled. In this study, a databank was established to include plastic manufacturers and converters in Kuwait. The aim was to assess the amount of plastic waste being generated from a number of sources. Types, quantities, and recycling information were gathered and fed into the databank. Kuwait was divided into five sectors to ease data gathering. A total of 37 companies and agencies related to plastic were integrated into the work, as well as information from a previously established databank for plastic waste bags. It was noted that most converters of plastic use in-house recycling schemes. Grades of polyethylene and polypropylene, as well as aliginic acid, polyacetals, and poly-styrene, are all considered major imports in the Arabian Gulf market, and especially in Kuwait. These grades possess an import value in excess of 20 million US dollars per year. The conclusions from this study could be used in neighboring countries in order to reduce PSW generated from the region. PMID:18474420

Al-Salem, S M

2008-05-12

340

IT project uncertainty, planning and success: An empirical investigation from Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, I examine the mediating effect of project planning on the link between three project uncertainty variables (project size, project diversity, and technical complexity) and IT project success in a developing country. The proposed model is validated using a field survey of 42 IT project leaders from Kuwait. The overall findings give support to the proposed model and

Adel M. Aladwani

2002-01-01

341

Waste water quality and reuse in irrigation in Kuwait using microfiltration technology in treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Micro filtration (MF) unit has been tested in Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research to treat the secondary wastewater effeulant from Riqqa wastewater treatment plant. This test shows that the MF unit is reliable and very effective in removing wastewater impurities. Chemical analysis result revealed that the MF system has significantly improved the quality of the effluent. There was a consistent

M. Al-Shammiri; A. Al-Saffar; S. Bohamad; M. Ahmed

2005-01-01

342

Oral health knowledge and behavior among male health sciences college students in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Health auxiliary personnel have an important role in oral health promotion when they graduate and start working in the health care system. This study aims to find out oral health knowledge and oral health behavior of male Health Sciences College students. METHODS: A questionnaire was distributed to all students at the male Health Sciences College in Kuwait (N =

Jassem Al-Ansari; Eino Honkala; Sisko Honkala

2003-01-01

343

Assessment of speech intelligibility in large auditoria case study: kuwait state mosque  

Microsoft Academic Search

Extensive sound measurements have been conducted to assess the speech intelligibility within the main prayer hall (MPH) of the Kuwait State Mosque. Traditionally acoustical absorbing materials are used to enhance a poor speech intelligibility in a large auditorium. In this paper, however, a totally electronic approach is adopted to enhance the speech articulation in the MPH. Adaptive equalizers, as well

Hamed A Hamadah; Hassan M Hamouda

1998-01-01

344

The Impact of Private Sector Competition on Public Schooling in Kuwait: Some Socio-Educational Implications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|With the diminishing model of the welfare state, public education in Kuwait is facing the challenges of the competition of private schools, while the private sector has always struggled against the monopolistic power of the public schools that educate a broad spectrum of K-12 students. This article presents estimates of the effect of private…

Al-Shehab, Ali Jasem

2010-01-01

345

Optimal rate of oil production and economic development: the case of Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

This dissertation utilizes the optimal control technique to establish a national economic planning model through which Kuwait's oil extraction policy is determined with relation to the structure of its economy as well as the welfare of the nation. This has been advanced through two steps: 1) by building a macroeconomic model, which is used as a constraint on the planning

Al-Ebraheem

1984-01-01

346

Plasma Homocysteine and Hematological Factors in Patients with Venous Thromboembolic Diseases in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Venous thromboembolic disease (VTE) is a common cause of morbidity in Kuwait, but the risk factors have not been studied. Hyperhomocysteinemia has been suggested as one of the risk factors. We postulate that hyperhomocysteinemia acts synergistically with hematological variables to increase VTE risk. This study evaluates the roles of hyperhomocysteinemia and hematological variables in patients with VTE. Methods: We

Rajaa Marouf; Olusegun Mojiminiyi; Mohammad Qurtom; Nabila Abdella; Hanan Al Wazzan; Salah Al Humood; Madeeha Al Mazeedy

2007-01-01

347

The prevalence of antibody to human parvovirus B19 in pregnant women in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Infection with parvovirus B19 during pregnancy is known to be associated with various fetal damage, such as aplastic anemia and hydrops fetalis. Our objective was to study the seroprevalence of parvovirus B19 in the obstetric population in Kuwait and to compare this with that in the adult population in other regions. Blood samples from 1047 pregnant women were used in

Ma’asoumah Maksheed; A. S Pacsa; Sahar Sultan Essa; Mohammad Abrar Ahmed; Rawiya Abdul Monem; Mansour Surkouh

1999-01-01

348

A ROOT CAUSE ANALYSIS APPROACH TO RISK ASSESSMENT OF A PIPELINE NETWORK FOR KUWAIT OIL COMPANY  

Microsoft Academic Search

A large scale risk assessment was performed by Det Norske Veritas (DNV) for the entire Kuwait Oil Company (KOC) pipeline network. This risk assessment was unique in that it incorporated the assessment of all major sources of process related risk faced by KOC and included root cause management system related risks in addition to technical risks related to more immediate

Ray J. Davies; Tony D. Alfano; Farrukh Waheed

349

Teachers' Perceptions toward the Secondary Physical Education Program in the State of Kuwait  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this research was to determine the perceptions of physical education teachers and supervisors toward the secondary physical education program in eight domains in the State of Kuwait. Stratified and cluster sampling were used to select two schools of female teachers and two schools of male teachers from each district (6 districts);…

Al-Kandari, Khaled A.

2011-01-01

350

Students Opinions and Attitudes towards Physical Education Classes in Kuwait Public Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The aim of study was to investigate student opinion and attitude toward physical education classes. Two thousand seven hundred (2700) students answered the survey: 1239 (45.3%) were male students and 1497 (54.7%) were female from Kuwait six districts: Al_Hawalli, Al_Asimah, Al_Jahra, Al_Mobarak, Al_Farwniah, Al_Ahmadi. Weight Status was…

Mohammed, Heyam Reda; Mohammad, Mona Ahmad

2012-01-01

351

The affective and cognitive components of country image : Perceptions of American products in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to utilize the BIAS map from the social psychology literature to operationalize and simultaneously examine the effects of the affective and cognitive components of country image. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The researchers collected survey data using a snowball sample of undergraduates from a prominent university in Kuwait. The final sample consisted of 410 Kuwaitis

Amro A. Maher; Larry L. Carter

2011-01-01

352

Kuwait University Faculty of Medicine Students' Attitudes toward English and an English Based Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of University of Kuwait medical students' perceptions of the English-language curriculum had three objectives: to compare their attitudes with those of Arabs from other Arab countries; elicit students' opinions of the English-based medical and science curriculum and the adequacy of their English language preparation; and assess the…

Vogt, Christina; Oliver, David

353

TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT SYSTEM BASED ON WSN IN KUWAIT: AN INITIAL DESIGN  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses traffic problems in the world and emphasizes on Kuwait city as case study. Many of these problems can be solve by building a Traffic Management System based on a Wireless Sensor Network (WSN). TMS is an innovative design for the road that saves time and money for the driver. This solution creates a city of intelligence, which

2012-01-01

354

TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT SYSTEM BASED ON WSN IN KUWAIT: AN INITIAL DESIGN  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses traffic problems in the world and emphasizes on Kuwait city as case study. Many of these problems can be solve by building a Traffic Management System based on a Wireless Sensor Network (WSN). TMS is an innovative design for the road that saves time and money for the driver. This solution creates a city of intelligence, which

Abdulrahman A. Alkandari

355

Risk factors of stroke patients admitted to a general hospital in Kuwait.  

PubMed

There are limited data on stroke incidence in the Middle East, and only one study from Kuwait. The aim of this study was to establish a baseline status of stroke in Kuwait. We performed a retrospective chart review of all patients admitted from January 1st to December 31st, 2008 to the Amiri Hospital, Kuwait, who either were discharged or passed away with a diagnosis of stroke. Documented risk factors for stroke were analyzed for the total cohort and for male and female subgroups. Stroke subtypes were defined in accordance with the Trial of Org 10172 in acute stroke treatment (TOAST) criteria. There were 151 cases of stroke, of which 90.1% were ischemic. Eighty-five (56.3%) of the patients had diabetes mellitus, 86 (57.0%) had hyperlipidemia, and 104 (68.9%) had hypertension. Statins were used by 42.4% of the 86 hyperlipidemic patients prior to their presentation, and only 66 hypertensive patients (63.5%) were receiving treatment for hypertension prior to their presentation. Atrial fibrillation was diagnosed in 4% of the patients prior to their presentation, and 4% more were diagnosed afterward. History of ischemic heart disease was present in 28.5% of the subjects. This study shows similar rates of risk factors to regionally published reports and provides an updated picture of stroke in Kuwait. PMID:23005700

Ashkanani, Abdulaziz; Hassan, Khalid Ali; Lamdhade, Shekhar

2012-10-26

356

New Private Universities in Kuwait Pin Their Hopes on U.S. Partners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When Kuwait lifted a ban on private higher education less than a decade ago, it decided that the best way to ensure the development of academically sound universities was to require all new institutions to have foreign partners. That policy has helped the country rapidly build a credible private higher-education system where none existed before.…

Mills, Andrew

2009-01-01

357

Prevalence of Candida dubliniensis among Oral Candida Isolates in Patients Attending the Kuwait University Dental Clinic  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the oral candidal carriage of patients seeking dental treatment at the Kuwait University Dental Clinic and to ascertain the Candida species composition among them. Methods: 370 oral rinse samples were collected from patients. The germ tube test, CHROMagar Candida medium and VITEK 2 yeast identification system were used for species identification.

Arjuna N. B. Ellepola; Zia U. Khan; Bobby Joseph; Rachel Chandy; Leeba Philip

2011-01-01

358

Vocational Education and Training in Kuwait: Vocational Education versus Values and Viewpoints  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Since the opening up of private universities and colleges in the Kuwait education system in the late 1990s, there has been an explosion of tertiary institutions (both domestic and international) established in the country, with many of them offering vocational education and training. The move towards vocational and educational training forms part…

Bilboe, Wendy

2011-01-01

359

SWOT ANALYSIS AND STRATEGIC PLANNING AS AN EFFECTIVE TOOL FOR IMPROVING ENGINEERING EDUCATION AT KUWAIT UNIVERSITY  

Microsoft Academic Search

A recent Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats (SWOT) analysis and the subsequent development of a strategic plan for the College of Engineering and Petroleum at Kuwait University are presented. The SWOT analysis is based on internal self-studies and a number of surveys carried out to determine views of various constituencies. Strategic objectives are developed into strategies and actions to address

Ahmet S. Yigit; Mohammad D. Al-Ansary; Najem M. Al-Najem

360

Fate and control of blistering chemical warfare agents in Kuwait's desalination industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Kuwait, as most of the other states located along the Western shores of the Arabian Gulf, relies upon the Gulf as its main drinking water resource via desalination. In case of seawater contamination with blistering chemical warfare agents, traces of the agents and\\/or degradation products in the finished water might pose a serious health hazard. The objective of the present

Hosny K. KhordaguiO

1997-01-01

361

Point Surveillance of Staphylococcus aureus Carriage among Medical Staff in Infectious Diseases Hospital, Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To investigate the carriage of Staphylococcus aureus among doctors and nurses in Infectious Diseases Hospital, Kuwait, following the detection of 3 cases of methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA). Materials and Methods: A total of 260 nasal and throat swabs were obtained from 19 doctors and 111 nurses and cultured for the carriage of S. aureus. Forty-three S. aureus were identified

Tz. Dimitrov; E. E. Udo; S. Grover

2003-01-01

362

Enhancing Services for Students with Mild Disabilities in the Middle East Gulf Region: A Kuwait Initiative  

Microsoft Academic Search

At a conference, titled: “Childhood Disabilities: Assessment and Early Intervention” held between March 20-22, 2006, at Kuwait University, a range of discussion topics were considered that would enhance and design specific best practices in special education for the Middle East Arab Gulf region. Governmental representatives, post-secondary educators, educational specialist, teachers, administrators, parents and concerned citizens grappled with past, current and

Yasser A. Al-Hilawani; Kourtland R. Koch; Sheldon R. Braaten

2008-01-01

363

The relationship between academic library usage and educational performance in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This study aims to examine perceptions of university library usage to consider factors that influence educational achievement of academic library users. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The study uses validated questionnaires from 792 students, 143 academics and 121 administrators to measure five library factors. Three university libraries, which are based in Kuwait, were included in the questionnaire data. Findings – The

Awadh Alharbi; Michael Middleton

2012-01-01

364

Acquiring Information Technology Skills by Freshmen Students at Kuwait University: The Language Factor  

Microsoft Academic Search

The provision of academic courses for freshmen students aiming at improving their information technology skills is crucial due to the large number of students admitted every year. Kuwait University introduced a service course in information technology skills to freshman students in the College of Science to be taught in English, and a similar course to freshmen students in the College

Samir N. Hamade

2007-01-01

365

A geomorphological approach to sustainable planning and management of the coastal zone of Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

The coastal zone in Kuwait has been under a considerable pressure from conflicting land uses since the early 1960s, as well as from the destruction and oil pollution caused by the Gulf War. To avoid further damage and to protect the coastal heritage it is essential to adopt an environmentally sustainable management process. This paper shows how the study of

Dhia Al Bakri

1996-01-01

366

Potential fate of blistering chemical warfare agents on Kuwait's arid soil and related research needs  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Iran–Iraq war, followed by the Iraqi aggression against Kuwait, and the unverified use of certain chemical warfare agents (CWAs) in the Arabian Gulf region, triggered the interest of environmental scientists in the probable fate of these chemical agents within the unique arid environment of the Arabian Gulf region. These efforts were hampered by the scarcity of information and the

Hosny Khordagui

1996-01-01

367

Investigation of tubing failure of superheater boiler from Kuwait Desalination Electrical Power Plant  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the results of an investigation into the failure of steel tubes in a super heater boiler used at one of Kuwait Electrical and Power plant. The material of the tubes has suffered localized overheating, probably as a result of local heat flux impingement phenomenon, caused by gas or oil burners. This phenomenon gave rise to a rapid

A. Husain; K. Habib

2005-01-01

368

A Study in Kuwait of Health Risks Associated with Using Cell Phones  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous studies have suggested a link between cell phone use and various symptoms. Analysis of 3,274 completed questionnaires from throughout Kuwait show a significant effect of exposure to cell phones for burning sensation on the ear, temporal pain, pain in the back of the head, auricular pain, noises in the ear, ear numbness, heartbeat…

Al-Khamees, Nedaa

2007-01-01

369

Responses of alveolar macrophages to post-Gulf-War airborne dust from Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Kuwait oil fires of 1991 resulting from the Iraqi invasion created an unprecedented environmental pollution to which the population was exposed for a prolonged period. The impact of such pollution on human health, especially the respiratory system, needs to be adequately assessed, given the well known relationship between air pollution and respiratory diseases. Alveolar macrophages (AM) are the main

Mirza U. Beg; Dhari Al-Ajmi

1998-01-01

370

Humanistic Qualities of the Teacher as Perceived by Undergraduate Students in Bahrain and Kuwait  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The objective of this study was to identify the main qualities of the teacher as a person as perceived by university students in Bahrain and Kuwait. A 25-item questionnaire, which reflected the basic humanistic qualities of the teacher as related to effective teaching, was designed and then administered to a random sample of 520 students enrolled…

Al-Musawi, Nu'man; Karam, Ebraheem M.

2011-01-01

371

An exploratory study of influences on retail service quality: a focus on Kuwait and Lebanon  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Middle East is a growing and lucrative marketplace. This exploratory study examines retail service in Kuwait and Lebanon, regions with long histories of trade. Retail service, however, has not been well documented in this region. As far as is known, this is the first study that examines customer and salespeople perceptions of service encounters in these countries in light

Peter Raven; Dianne H. B. Welsh

2004-01-01

372

A new snapping shrimp (Crustacea Decapoda, Alpheidae, Alpheus) from the estuarine mudflats of Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new snapping shrimp, Alpheus lutosus spec. nov., is described from the intertidal mudflats of Bubiyan Island, northern Kuwait, south of the vast Shatt-Al-Arab delta. The new species appears to be closely related to Alpheus hoplocheles Coutière, 1897 from similar estuarine habitats in China and Japan, differing mainly in the absence of a sharp distolateral tooth on the palm of

A. Anker; Grave De S

2009-01-01

373

Mangrove, Avicennia marina, Establishment and Growth under the Arid Climate of Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

The State of Kuwait is making concerted efforts to enhance greenery along its coastline. This study was conducted during 1999–2002 for identifying key soil factors associated with successful establishment and rapid growth in Avicennia marina. Based on the review of available data, repeated visits to potential sites, on-site assessment and laboratory characterization of soils, five sites (Shuwaikh, Sulaibikhat I, Sulaibikhat

N. R. BHAT; M. K. SULEIMAN; S. A. SHAHID

2004-01-01

374

Seasonal and spatial differences in the fish assemblage of the non-estuarine Sulaibikhat Bay, Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the period September 1986 to August 1987 fish were captured once a month, using an otter trawl, from the intertidal and subtidal regions of Sulaibikhat Bay, Kuwait. Correlation analysis revealed that numbers were not directly related to temperature at the time of sampling. The recruitment of large numbers of young of the year Liza carinata (Valenciennes) during March was

J. M. Wright

1988-01-01

375

1981 Kuwait Summer Students Training Program, Secondary Component. An Evaluation Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An eight-week summer science program was designed to create and encourage interest in science among outstanding secondary school students from different geographic areas of Kuwait. Opportunities were provided for students to: (1) engage in hands-on science activities; (2) work in laboratories in one of three research areas (chemistry;…

Halasa, Ofelia

376

Pattern of antibiotic prescription in the management of oral diseases among dentists in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. The use and abuse of antibiotics have been of concern to the medical and the dental profession for sometime now, due mainly to the emergence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. The objective of this project was to determine the rationale and the pattern of antibiotic prescription for dental management in Kuwait.Methods. A questionnaire was distributed to 200 dental practitioners working in

N. O Salako; V. O Rotimi; S. M Adib; S Al-Mutawa

2004-01-01

377

Seasonality as an unobservable component: the case of Kuwait stock market  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses structural time series methodology to investigate seasonality factors for the returns of Kuwait stock market and its various sectors. The results indicate the existence of positive pre-summer seasonal factors for the market and most of the sectors, which can be explained by the summer holiday effect. Significant seasonal factors are found to be stochastic rather than deterministic,

Talla M. Al-Deehani

2006-01-01

378

A Study in Kuwait of Health Risks Associated with Using Cell Phones  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Previous studies have suggested a link between cell phone use and various symptoms. Analysis of 3,274 completed questionnaires from throughout Kuwait show a significant effect of exposure to cell phones for burning sensation on the ear, temporal pain, pain in the back of the head, auricular pain, noises in the ear, ear numbness, heartbeat…

Al-Khamees, Nedaa

2007-01-01

379

Evaluation of an EAP Reading Course at the Faculty of Education, Kuwait University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the assessment of the revised objectives of an English reading course offered at Kuwait University to foster reading comprehension for academic purposes. Analysis of data obtained from pre- and posttests showed improvement in reading skills although there were differences between students who were Arts and Science majors. (19 references)…

Al Mutawa, Najat A.; Islam, Nadra

1994-01-01

380

Enhancing Services for Students with Mild Disabilities in the Middle East Gulf Region: A Kuwait Initiative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At a conference, titled: "Childhood Disabilities: Assessment and Early Intervention" held between March 20-22, 2006, at Kuwait University, a range of discussion topics were considered that would enhance and design specific best practices in special education for the Middle East Arab Gulf region. Governmental representatives, post-secondary…

Al-Hilawani, Yasser A.; Koch, Kourtland R.; Braaten, Sheldon R.

2008-01-01

381

Ghaba salt basin province and Fahud salt basin province, Oman; geological overview and total petroleum systems  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Three Total Petroleum Systems each consisting of one assessment unit have been identified in the Ghaba and Fahud Salt Basin Provinces of north-central Oman. One Total Petroleum System and corresponding assessment unit, the North Oman Huqf/?Q??Haushi(!) Total Petroleum System (201401) and Ghaba- Makarem Combined Structural Assessment Unit (20140101), were identified for the Ghaba Salt Basin Province (2014). In the Fahud Salt Basin Province, however, two overlapping Total Petroleum Systems (TPS) were recognized: (1) the North Oman Huqf?Shu?aiba(!) TPS (201601); Fahud-Huqf Combined Structural Assessment Unit (20160101), and (2) the middle Cretaceous Natih(!) TPS (201602); Natih-Fiqa Structural/Stratigraphic Assessment Unit (20160201). The boundary for each Total Petroleum System also defines the boundary of the corresponding assessment unit and includes all trap styles and hydrocarbon-producing reservoirs within the petroleum system. In both the Ghaba and Fahud Salt Basin Provinces, hydrocarbons were generated from several deeply buried source rocks within the Infracambrian Huqf Supergroup. One general ?North Oman Huqf? type oil is dominant in the Fahud Salt Basin. Oils in the Ghaba Salt Basin are linked to at least two distinct Huqf source-rock units based on oil geochemistry: a general North Oman Huqf-type oil source and a more dominant ?questionable unidentified source? or ?Q?-type Huqf oil source. These two Huqf-sourced oils are commonly found as admixtures in reservoirs throughout northcentral Oman. Hydrocarbons generated from Huqf sources are produced from a variety of reservoir types and ages ranging from Precambrian to Cretaceous in both the Ghaba and Fahud Salt Basin Provinces. Clastic reservoirs of the Gharif and Al Khlata Formations, Haushi Group (middle Carboniferous to Lower Permian), dominate oil production in the Ghaba Salt Basin Province and form the basis for the Huqf/?Q??Haushi(!) TPS. In contrast, the Lower Cretaceous Shu?aiba and middle Cretaceous Natih limestones account for most of the production in the Fahud Salt Basin with about 50 percent of the basin?s production from porous, fractured Shu?aiba limestones in Yibal field, thus the name North Oman Huqf? Shu?aiba(!) TPS. Deep gas is produced mainly from Middle Cambrian to Lower Ordovician clastic reservoirs of the Haima Supergroup. Traps in nearly all hydrocarbon accumulations of these petroleum systems are mainly structural and were formed by one or more 3 mechanisms. These trap-forming mechanisms were mainly periodic halokinesis of the thick Cambrian Ara Salt and consequent folding and faulting from basin loading, rifting, or other major tectonic events, particularly those events forming the Oman Mountains and associated foreland-basin system during the Late Cretaceous and late Tertiary. Many of the future new-field targets will likely be low-relief, subtle structures, as many of the large structures have been drilled. Oman?s recent interest and commitments to liquid natural gas export make deep gas a primary objective in the two North Oman Huqf petroleum systems. New-field exploration of deep gas and exploring deeper targets for gas in existing fields will likely identify a significant gas resource in the next 30 years. Moreover, salt-diapir flank traps in these two North Oman Huqf petroleum systems and salt basin provinces have gone essentially untested and will likely be targeted in the near future. The middle Cretaceous Natih(!) TPS is a small efficient system of the Fahud Salt Basin. Natih source rocks are only mature in the Late Cretaceous/Tertiary foredeep and production is primarily from Natih reservoirs; minor production from the Shu?aiba limestone is documented along fault-dip structures. Most traps are structural and are related to development of the foreland basin and formation of the Oman Mountains. Future targets of the Natih TPS will be less obvious

Pollastro, Richard M.

1999-01-01

382

Environmental Impact Assessment For Oman LNG Expansion Project: NO 2 Air Quality Analysis with A Proposal For A Third Train  

Microsoft Academic Search

Oman entered the LNG market (liquefied Natural Gas) in April 2000 with the first shipment to South Korea. Oman LNG plant is currently producing 6.6 million metric tonne per annum from two trains. However, there are plans for expansion of the plant to increase its existing capacity by adding one more gas liquefaction train (train 3). The purpose of this

Sabah A. Abdul-Wahab; Krishnasamy Raman; Mazin Al-Riyamy; Mohammed Al-Barashdi

2002-01-01

383

First Middle-Eastern Cabled Seabed Observatory: Oman Deployment Provides Insights Into Long-Term Arabian Sea Environmental Conditions  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a result of its position at the northern Margin of the Arabian Sea, the Gulf of Oman is a dynamic marine environment driven by the seasonal extremes of regional monsoon events. Aside from environmental perturbations, the Guff of Oman is subject to real and potential pollution from the heavy traffic of large oil tankers entering and leaving the Arabian

K. du Vail

2007-01-01

384

Road traffic fatalities in Qatar, Jordan and the UAE: estimates using regression analysis and the relationship with economic growth.  

PubMed

Smeed's equation is a widely used model for prediction of traffic fatalities but has been inadequate for use in developing countries. We applied regression analysis to time-series data on vehicles, exponential models for fatality prediction, producing an average absolute error of 20.9% for Qatar, 10.9% for population and traffic fatalities in the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Jordan and Qatar. The data were fitted to Jordan and 5.5% for the UAE. We found a strong linear relationship between gross domestic product and fatality rate. PMID:20795448

Bener, A; Hussain, S J; Al-Malki, M a; Shotar, M M; Al-Said, M F; Jadaan, K S

2010-03-01

385

Late Precambrian-Cambrian sediments of Huqf group, Sultanate of Oman  

SciTech Connect

The Huqf Group is the oldest known sedimentary sequence overlying crystalline basement in the Sultanate of Oman. It crops out on a broad regional high, the Huqf Axis, which forms a dominating structural element on the southeastern edge of the Arabian peninsula. Subsurface and outcrop evidence within and outside of Oman suggests that the sediments of the Huqf Group lie within the age span of late Precambrian to Early-Middle Cambrian. The Huqf Group is subdivided into five formations corresponding to an alternation of clastics (Abu Mahara and Shuram Formations) and carbonates (Khufai and Buah Formations) deposited in essentially shallow marine to supratidal (or fluviatile) conditions and terminated by an evaporitic sequence (Ara Formation). Evaporites are absent on the Huqf Axis, but they are thickly developed to the west over a large part of southern and central Oman, where they acted as the major structure former of most of Oman's fields, and even locally pierced up to the surface. Regional correlations suggest that the predominantly carbonate-evaporitic facies of the Huqf Group was widely distributed in late Precambrian-Early Cambrian time: the Huqf basin is tentatively considered part of a belt of evaporitic basins and intervening carbonate platforms, which stretched across the Pangea landmass from the Indian subcontinent (Salt Range of Pakistan) through South Yemen, Oman, and Saudi Arabia into the gulf states and Iran (Hormuz Series and carbonate platform north of the Zagros).

Gorin, G.E. (Shell U.K. Exploration and Production, London, England); Racz, L.G.; Walter, M.R.

1982-12-01

386

Twenty years of sedimentary change and diagenesis, Qatar Peninsula, Arabian Gulf  

SciTech Connect

Re-examination in February 1986 of areas studied by the author in 1966 and 1967 revealed rapid rates of sedimentation and diagenesis along the east coast of the Qatar Peninsula. At Ras UmSa on the northeast side of Qatar, a series of chenier-like beaches and curved spits is building southward under the influence of longshore currents. Beach and spit growth increasingly protects the shoreline and allows tidal flats to form in their lee. As these spits accrete, they become armored on their lagoonal side by beachrock formation. In the last 20 years a spit approximately 1/2 km long has grown, and beachrock has already armored its recurved lagoonal side. At Umm Said on the southeast side of Qatar, seawardly accreting barchan dunes composed of quartz sand have built a 40-km long, 10-km wide sabkha as thick as 30 m. Aerial and ground photographs show that certain dunes near the seaward edge of the sabkha have migrated into the sea and have contributed to shoreline accretion. The observed rate of dune migration suggests that within approximately 100 years the remaining quartz sands are depleted and blown into the sea because there is no replenishment of the dune field. Subsequently, the area reverts to one of carbonate deposition. Fine-grained dolomite is presently precipitating in interstitial brines in the landwardmost portions of this unusual sabkha. In the geologic record, such a deposit would be an anomalous, porous and permeable, cross-bedded, linear, 30-m thick, dolomite-cemented sandstones body encased in carbonate sediments. A modern model such as the one at Umm Said can provide useful clues for determining the origin of similar deposits in ancient rocks.

Shinn, E.A.

1988-01-01

387

Twenty years of sedimentary change and diagenesis, Qatar Peninsula, Arabian Gulf  

SciTech Connect

Re-examination in February 1986 of areas studied by the author in 1966 and 1967 revealed rapid rates of sedimentation and diagenesis along the east coast of the Qatar Peninsula. At Ras Um Sa on the north-east side of Qatar, a series of chenier-like beaches and curved spits is building southward under the influence of longshore currents. Beach and spit growth increasingly protects the shoreline and allows tidal flats to form in their lee. As these spits accrete, they become armored on their lagoonal side by beachrock formation. In the last 20 years a spit approximately 1/2 km long has grown, and beachrock has already armored its recurved lagoonal side. At Umm Said on the southeast side of Qatar, seawardly accreting barchan dunes composed of quartz sand have built a 40-km long, 10-km wide sabkha as thick as 30 m. Aerial and ground photographs show that certain dunes near the seaward edge of the sabkha have migrated into the sea and have contributed to shoreline accretion. The observed rate of dune migration suggests that within approximately 100 years the remaining quartz sands will be depleted and blown into the sea because there is no replenishment of the dune field. Subsequently, the area will revert to one of carbonate deposition. Fine-grained dolomite is presently precipitating in interstitial brines in the landwardmost portions of this unusual sabkha. In the geologic record, such a deposit would be an anomalous, porous and permeable, cross-bedded, linear, 30-m thick, dolomite-cemented sandstone body encased in carbonate sediments. A modern model such as the one at Umm Said can provide useful clues for determining the origin of similar deposits in ancient rocks.

Shinn, E.A.

1988-02-01

388

3-D seismology in the Arabian Gulf  

SciTech Connect

Since 1977 when Aramco and GSI (Geophysical Services International) pioneered the first 3-D seismic survey in the Arabian Gulf, under the guidance of Aramco`s Chief Geophysicist John Hoke, 3-D seismology has been effectively used to map many complex subsurface geological phenomena. By the mid-1990s extensive 3-D surveys were acquired in Abu Dhabi, Oman, Qatar and Saudi Arabia. Also in the mid-1990`s Bahrain, Kuwait and Dubai were preparing to record surveys over their fields. On the structural side 3-D has refined seismic maps, focused faults and fractures systems, as well as outlined the distribution of facies, porosity and fluid saturation. In field development, 3D has not only reduced drilling costs significantly, but has also improved the understanding of fluid behavior in the reservoir. In Oman, Petroleum Development Oman (PDO) has now acquired the first Gulf 4-D seismic survey (time-lapse 3D survey) over the Yibal Field. The 4-D survey will allow PDO to directly monitor water encroachment in the highly-faulted Cretaceous Shu`aiba reservoir. In exploration, 3-D seismology has resolved complex prospects with structural and stratigraphic complications and reduced the risk in the selection of drilling locations. The many case studies from Saudi Arabia, Oman, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates, which are reviewed in this paper, attest to the effectiveness of 3D seismology in exploration and producing, in clastics and carbonates reservoirs, and in the Mesozoic and Paleozoic.

Al-Husseini, M. [Gulf PetroLink, Manama (Bahrain); Chimblo, R. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

1995-08-01

389

Changing trends in intestinal parasitic infections among long-term-residents and settled immigrants in Qatar  

PubMed Central

Background The rapid socio-economic development in Qatar in the last two decades has encouraged a mass influx of immigrant workers, the majority of whom originate from countries with low socio-economic levels, inadequate medical care and many are known to carry patent intestinal helminth and protozoan infections on arrival in Qatar. Some eventually acquire residency status but little is known about whether they continue to harbour infections. Methods We examined 9208 hospital records of stool samples that had been analysed for the presence of intestinal helminth and protozoan ova/cysts, over the period 2005-2008, of subjects from 28 nationalities, but resident in Qatar and therefore not recent arrivals in the country. Results Overall 10.2% of subjects were infected with at least one species, 2.6% with helminths and 8.0% with protozoan species. Although hookworms, Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura and Hymenolepis nana were observed, the majority of helminth infections (69%) were caused by hookworms, and these were largely aggregated among 20.0-39.9 year-old male subjects from Nepal. The remaining cases of helminth infection were mostly among Asian immigrants. Protozoan infections were more uniformly spread across immigrants from different regions when prevalence was calculated on combined data, but this disguised three quite contrasting underlying patterns for 3 taxa of intestinal protozoa. Blastocystis hominis, Giardia duodenalis and non-pathogenic amoebae were all acquired in childhood, but whereas prevalence of B. hominis rose to a plateau and then even further among the elderly, prevalence of G. duodenalis fell markedly in children aged 10 and older, and stayed low (< 2%) gradually falling even further in the elderly. In contrast the prevalence of non-pathogenic amoebae (Entamoeba coli, E. hartmanni, Endolimax nana and Iodamoeba buetschlii) peaked in the 30.0-39.9 age group and only then dropped to very low values among the oldest subjects examined. A worrying trend in respect of both helminth and protozoan parasites was the increase in prevalence over the period 2005-2008, in helminth infections prevalence increasing 2-3 fold by 2008, and in protozoan infections by 1.5-2.0 fold. Conclusions We suggest that helminth infections are probably acquired abroad when immigrants visit their home villages, whilst protozoan infections are reinforced by transmission in Qatar, possibly in the poorer areas of the state where immigrant workers live. We discuss the significance of these findings and emphasize that they have clear implications for the health authorities.

2010-01-01

390

The Senior-Loken syndrome: Two cases from the State of Qatar  

PubMed Central

We are describing two sisters with the rare Senior-Loken syndrome, which is a combination of familial juvenile nephronophthisis and retinal dystrophy. The earliest presenting features include an impaired urinary concentrating ability, leading to polyuria and polydipsia and these are associated with visual impairment. The two patients had blindness shortly after their births. They presented to us with evidence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in their teens, that required the initiation of the renal replacement therapy. We are reporting these two cases, as this was the first occurrence of this condition in the State of Qatar.

Othman, Muftah; Rashed, Awad; Bakr, Adel

2012-01-01

391

Ghaba salt basin province and Fahud salt basin province, Oman; geological overview and total petroleum systems  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Three Total Petroleum Systems each consisting of one assessment unit have been identified in the Ghaba and Fahud Salt Basin Provinces of north-central Oman. One Total Petroleum System and corresponding assessment unit, the North Oman Huqf/`Q'? Haushi(!) Total Petroleum System (201401) and Ghaba-Makarem Combined Structural Assessment Unit (20140101), were identified for the Ghaba Salt Basin Province (2014). In the Fahud Salt Basin Province, however, two overlapping Total Petroleum Systems (TPS) were recognized: 1) the North Oman Huqf ? Shu'aiba(!) TPS (201601); Fahud-Huqf Combined Structural Assessment Unit (20160101), and 2) the Middle Cretaceous Natih(!) TPS (201602); Natih-Fiqa Structural/Stratigraphic Assessment Unit (20160201). The boundary for each Total Petroleum System also defines the boundary of the corresponding assessment unit and includes all trap styles and hydrocarbon producing reservoirs within the petroleum system. In both the Ghaba and Fahud Salt Basin Provinces, hydrocarbons were generated from several deeply-buried source rocks within the Infracambrian Huqf Supergroup. One general `North Oman Huqf' type oil is dominant in the Fahud Salt Basin. Oils in the Ghaba Salt Basin are linked to at least two distinct Huqf source-rock units based on oil geochemistry: a general North Oman Huqf-type oil source and a more dominant `questionable unidentified-source' or `Q'-type Huqf oil source. These two Huqf-sourced oils are commonly found as admixtures in reservoirs throughout north-central Oman. Hydrocarbons generated from Huqf sources are produced from a variety of reservoir types and ages ranging from Precambrian to Cretaceous in both the Ghaba and Fahud Salt Basin Provinces. Clastic reservoirs of the Gharif and Al Khlata Formations, Haushi Group (M. Carboniferous to L. Permian), dominate oil production in the Ghaba Salt Basin Province and form the basis for the Huqf/`Q' ? Haushi(!) TPS. In contrast, the Lower Cretaceous Shu'aiba and Middle Cretaceous Natih limestones account for most of the production in the Fahud Salt Basin with about 50 percent of the basin's production from porous, fractured Shu'aiba limestones in Yibal field, thus the name North Oman Huqf ? Shu'aiba(!) TPS. Deep gas is produced mainly from Middle Cambrian to Lower Ordovician clastic reservoirs of the Haima Supergroup. Traps in nearly all hydrocarbon accumulations of these petroleum systems are mainly structural and were formed by one or more mechanisms. These trap-forming mechanisms were mainly periodic halokinesis of the thick Cambrian Ara Salt and consequent folding and faulting from basin loading, rifting, or other major tectonic events, particularly those events forming the Oman Mountains and associated foreland-basin system during the Late Cretaceous and Late Tertiary. Many of the future new-field targets will likely be low-relief, subtle structures, as many of the large structures have been drilled. Oman's recent interest and commitments to liquid natural gas export make deep gas a primary objective in the two North Oman Huqf petroleum systems. New-field exploration of deep gas and exploring deeper targets for gas in existing fields will likely identify a significant gas resource in the next thirty years. Moreover, salt-diapir flank traps in these two North Oman Huqf petroleum systems and salt basin provinces have gone essentially untested and will likely be targeted in the near-future. The Middle Cretaceous Natih(!) TPS is a small efficient system of the Fahud Salt Basin. Natih source rocks are only mature in the Late Cretaceous/Tertiary foredeep and production is primarily from Natih reservoirs; minor production from the Shu'aiba limestone is documented along fault-dip structures. Most traps are structural and are related to development of the foreland basin and formation of the Oman Mountains. Future targets of the Natih TPS will be less obvious than those of Fahud and Natih fields and likely includ

Pollastro, R. M.

1999-01-01

392

Survey of infection in babies at the Khoula Hospital, Oman.  

PubMed

A 12-month prospective study of infection was carried out in the special care baby unit (SCBU), Khoula Hospital, Muscat, Sultanate of Oman. During this period, 8720 babies were born in the hospital and 1265 were admitted to the SCBU. Altogether, 490 babies were of less than 36 weeks' gestation. A total of 190 babies (160 born in the hospital, 30 born before admission) satisfied the criteria for infection. The most common clinical presentation was pneumonia. There was one outbreak of iatrogenic infection. Infection was confirmed microbiologically in 76 of 190 symptomatic babies. Staphylococcus aureus was the most common pathogen and was isolated from 48 infected babies (25%). Beta-haemolytic streptococci were isolated from superficial sites only in eight babies. Klebsiella spp were the commonest enteric bacteria isolated, but they were rarely associated with infection. Of 46 babies who had bacteraemia, 9 also had meningitis. Nine of the 46 babies died, including 6 of the 9 who had meningitis. The mortality following Gram-negative infection was higher than that following Gram-positive infection. Fourteen per cent of infected babies born in hospital and 27% of those born before admission died. A high proportion of bacteria isolated were resistant to ampicillin and/or gentamicin. Results suggest that alternative antibiotics would be more appropriate for initial treatment. The study shows that in developing countries, unsophisticated research, using basic facilities, can be of value in identifying the problems of infection and in recognizing possible solutions to them. PMID:1694643

Rajab, A; De Louvois, J

1990-03-01

393

Heterogeneity for congenital generalized lipodystrophy in seventeen patients from Oman.  

PubMed

Seventeen children with congenital generalized lipodystrophy or Berardinelli-Seip Congenital Lipodystrophy (BSCL) from 12 consanguineous sibships were observed in Oman. All children had widespread absence of adipose tissue from infancy together with apparent muscle hypertrophy and hepatomegaly. They did not appear to represent a single homogenous entity, and it was possible to subclassify the cases into two distinct groups. In the first group of seven cases, the features were similar to other published cases with acanthosis nigricans, raised insulin levels, and insulin resistance. In this group, there was an association between the degree of acanthosis nigricans and the severity of the disorder. Molecular analysis of these cases showed homozygosity at the BSCL2 locus on chromosome 11q13 in four of the seven cases. In the second group of ten cases, there were striking abnormalities in both skeletal and nonskeletal muscle. Reduced exercise tolerance and percussion myoxedema were observed in skeletal muscle, while infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis, prominent veins (phlebomegaly), disturbance of cardiac rhythm, and cardiomyopathy were observed in nonskeletal muscle. There was evidence against homozygosity in some cases for the known loci for BSCL, and this group may represent a new clinical syndrome with lipodystrophy at a different genetic location. PMID:12116229

Rajab, Anna; Heathcote, Kirsten; Joshi, Surendra; Jeffery, Steve; Patton, Michael

2002-07-01

394

Identifying Errors in Handwritten Outpatient Prescriptions in Oman  

PubMed Central

To evaluate and analyze the handwritten outpatient prescriptions and associated error of omissions from four different hospitals in Oman. The study designed was an observational, retrospective and analysis of prescriptions was carried out by table and chart method. A total of 900 prescriptions were collected between April 2009 to July 2010. The type of error of omissions considered in this analysis includes all three important parts of prescriptions, i.e. superscription, inscription, and subscription. The most common type of superscription error of omission was found to be age (72.44%) and gender (32.66%). More than 46% of prescriptions were incomplete on direction for use, more than 22% of prescriptions were not having the information on dose, and more than 23% of prescriptions omitted the dosage forms of prescribed drugs. The date of dispensing of medications was omitted in all the prescriptions and more than 44% of prescriptions were missing the signature of dispenser. It was also found that more than 4% of prescriptions omitted the prescriber's signature and more than 18% of prescriptions omitted the date of prescription. We conclude from this study that the handwritten prescriptions were associated with significant frequency of minor and major prescription error of omissions.

Al Shahaibi, Nadiya MS; Al Said, Lamya S; Kini, TG; Chitme, HR

2012-01-01

395

Cabled ocean observatories in Sea of Oman and Arabian Sea  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An ocean observatory—consisting of a real-time, cabled array in the Sea of Oman and an internally recording, autonomous mooring array recently upgraded to a cabled array in the northern Arabian Sea—celebrated more than 2500 days of continuous operation in July 2012. The observatory, which measures a range of properties, such as water current velocities, temperature, salinity, pressure, dissolved oxygen, and turbidity, is part of the Lighthouse Ocean Research Initiative (LORI) project [du Vall et al., 2011], which was designed as a pilot project and installed in 2005 in the region off Abu Bakara (Figures 1a and 1b). The initial goal of the project was to prove that an in situ, cabled ocean observatory can return high-quality scientific data on a real-time basis over longer time periods than conventional moored systems. That same year, an autonomous array was deployed off Ras al Hadd and on Murray Ridge in the Arabian Sea (Figure 1a).

DiMarco, Steven F.; Wang, Zhankun; Jochens, Ann; Stoessel, Marion; Howard, Matthew K.; Belabbassi, Leila; Ingle, Stephanie; du Vall, Ken

2012-07-01

396

Ophiolite emplacement in NE Oman: constraints from magnetotelluric sounding  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Magnetotelluric (MT) data have been acquired across the Samail Ophiolite, Oman mountains, along a 115km transect in January 2005. Twenty-five MT stations were deployed approximately every 4km along a profile perpendicular to the coastline near Muscat. The profile extends from the Huw'l/Meeh subwindow in the northwestern part of the profile and crosses the Saih Hatat window, a Tertiary domal culmination that folds a major NE-facing recumbent fold nappe, and ends along the southern boundary between the Dasir and Ibra ophiolite blocks. The survey aimed to investigate the tectonic evolution of the emplacement of the Samail Ophiolite by delineating major faults and geological boundaries on a crustal scale. The data shows complex behaviour with the influence of static shift effects and anomalously high phases exceeding 90°. Phase tensor analysis and 3-D forward modelling hint that the upper plate-lower plate (UP-LP) shear zone has a 3-D effect on the data in the northern part of the profile. Rotated MT impedances were inverted using a 2-D code. Major resistivity interfaces coincide with the location of the UP-LP shear zone near the surface, and dip towards the Arabian margin suggesting a southwest orientated underthrusting prior to the ophiolite emplacement. The para-autochthonous and less deformed upper plate is a resistor, whereas the strongly deformed lower plate is more conductive.

Thiel, S.; Heinson, G.; Gray, D. R.; Gregory, R. T.

2009-03-01

397

Packaged air cleaning systems tame desert dust storms in Oman  

SciTech Connect

Vast storms created when cold, northwesterly air masses slam into hot, southwesterly monsoons, moving lethargically over the Sudan and Red Sea, generate swift downdrafts that strike the ground and deflect forward in a powerful, swirling air stream up to 500 km long. As the wind moves along the ground, it churns up particles ranging in size from 80 to 2000 micrometers. This churning also kicks up particles in the 0.1 to 80 micrometer range, and these may rise to heights of 500 m or more, the smaller of which remain suspended for hours. These conditions made it imperative to protect the blades and internal mechanisms of the gas turbines in use at Yibal, Sultanate of Oman. Each of the gas turbines is equipped with a packaged intake air cleaning system. Because no single air filter has been designed to handle effectively the extremely high concentrations of particulates encountered during storms, the AAF air filters are multistage filtration systems. These systems are discussed.

Not Available

1980-12-01

398

Role of age and gender in the perception of aging: A community-based survey in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

It was aimed at investigating the perception of the aging process by the adult population in Kuwait and the existence of gender-dependent ageism. A total of 305 adults aged between 20 and 64 years were selected among those attending health centers in Kuwait. They were interviewed using a pre-tested questionnaire and data was collected through direct one-to-one interview using the

Abdulrahman O. Musaiger; Reshma D'Souza

2009-01-01

399

The cultural life script of Qatar and across cultures: Effects of gender and religion.  

PubMed

Cultural life scripts (CLS) are culturally shared cognitive representations of the expected order and timing of important life events in a prototypical life. Through three studies data from Qatar were analysed and compared to previously collected data from Denmark, Turkey, and the US. In Study 1 we examined the CLS of Qatar in order to determine whether the clear segregation of men and women as well as the centrality of religion in this society would influence the CLS. A total of 55 Qatari undergraduates completed the standard CLS task, imaging a Qatari infant of their own as well as the opposite gender. In Study 2 important personal life story events were collected from 83 Qatari undergraduates in order to explore the overlap between remembered life events and CLS events. Study 3 was a reanalysis of CLS data from Denmark, Turkey, and the US. There was a considerable overlap of events across cultures, but we also found that the Qatari CLS showed more gender differences and contained more religious and positive events compared to the other three countries. PMID:23663084

Ottsen, Christina Lundsgaard; Berntsen, Dorthe

2013-05-13

400

The neglected epidemic: road traffic accidents in a developing country, State of Qatar.  

PubMed

The objective of the study is to explore the pattern of road traffic accidents (RTA) and their causes in the State of Qatar. A total of 52,160 RTA, 1130 injuries and 85 fatalities were registered during the year 2000. The data on RTA, injuries and fatalities was obtained from the Traffic Department of the Ministry of Interior, Supreme Council for Planning and Ministry of Public Health. The major cause of traffic accidents in Qatar was careless driving (71%). Relatively there was a more rapid increase in the number of registered vehicles (155%), but accidents were only (61%) in 2000 compared to the year 1983. The majority of victims (53%) were in the age group (10-40) "the most productive class in Society". Forty-three per cent of the total drivers who died due to RTA were in the age group (10-19) who were unlicensed drivers. In 2000, deaths due to RTA were the third leading cause of death after the diseases of the circulatory system and cancer. In conclusion, it is possible to control the epidemic of road traffic injuries through strict policy interventions, mass media and a national traffic campaign to increase the use of seat belts. PMID:15814375

Bener, Abdulbari

2005-03-01

401

Developing Intercultural Competence in Future Student Affairs Professionals through a Graduate Student Global Study Course to Doha, Qatar  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a 2-week global study course to Doha, Qatar for graduate students in the higher education leadership and student affairs program at the University of San Diego. The course sought to develop intercultural competence with a specific focus on understanding Qatari and Middle Eastern perspectives and culture, understanding the…

Haber, Paige; Getz, Cheryl

2011-01-01

402

Investigation of Solar Energy Applications with Design and Implementation of Photovoltaic Traffic Light Signal System for Qatar  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this paper is to promote the use of solar energy in powering traffic signal systems for rural areas in Qatar with no power grid. A photovoltaic system is needed in order to use this energy continuously. The results of the investigation of components, design, and market availability are shown in the paper. Solar cells, which are used

Hassan Moghbelli; Khaled Ellithy; Zohreh Eslami; R. Vartanian; D. Wannous; A. El Ghamrawy; O. Basha; A. Fayad; M. Qaraqe; S. Nicola

403

Effects of Inquiry-Based Science Instruction on Science Achievement and Interest in Science: Evidence from Qatar  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The author sought to investigate the effects of inquiry-based science instruction on science achievement and interest in science of 5,120 adolescents from 85 schools in Qatar. Results of hierarchical linear modeling analyses revealed the substantial positive effects of science teaching and learning with a focus on model or applications and…

Areepattamannil, Shaljan

2012-01-01

404

Bottom sediments of the Arabian Gulf--II. TPH and TOC contents as indicators of oil pollution and implications for the effect and fate of the Kuwait oil slick.  

PubMed

Measurements of total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) concentrations in 77 core samples collected in 1992 from the bottom sediments of the Arabian Gulf were used to delineate oil pollution levels and their distribution in the region. Seven chronic moderately (TPH 50-89 microg g(-1)) and heavily (TPH 266-1448 microg g(-1)) polluted areas were identified; three in the northern part of the region and four in the southern part. Oil pollution in these areas was attributed to natural oil seepage, accidental damage to pipelines, accidental spillage from tankers, the Nowruz oil slick, and tanker deballasting. Present-day intermediate (TPH 50-114 microg g(-1)) and high (TPH 200-1122 microg g(-1)) pollution levels were identified in 10 areas. Of these, three polluted areas in the northeastern corner, offshore Saudi Arabia and offshore Bahrain, Qatar and United Arab Emirates are probably directly affected by the Kuwait oil slick. A new scenario is suggested for the movement and fate of the oil slick, in which additional large oil discharges from northern sources, as well as substantial quantities of eroded oiled sediments and oil floating from heavily impacted tidal flats along the Saudi Arabian coastline, serve as sources of oil pollution. A definite relationship exists between the grain-size distribution and the TPH content of bottom sediments, with the highest TPH concentrations in the muddy sediments, suggesting that adsorption onto muds is the primary mechanism of oil pollutant accumulation in the Arabian Gulf. Total organic carbon measurements do not correlate positively with the grain-size distribution and TPH contents of the sediments, and hence cannot be used as indicators for petroleum hydrocarbon pollution in the Arabian Gulf. PMID:15093526

Massoud, M S; Al-Abdali, F; Al-Ghadban, A N; Al-Sarawi, M

1996-01-01

405

Nutritional Practices of Athletes in Oman: A Descriptive Study  

PubMed Central

Objective Adequate dietary intake is crucial for optimum training and performance of athletes. There is almost no available information related to dietary practices among Omani athletes, especially during the competition. This study aimed to assess the nutritional practices (nutritional knowledge, eating habits and daily nutrients intake) among Omani male handball athletes in Muscat city, Oman. Methods This is a cross sectional study including 35 male handball athletes involved in serious training for no less than three years. Data collection was done through personal interviews using a study questionnaire which enlisted questions relating to socio-demographic information, anthropometric measurements and nutritional practices. All the study participants declared no intake of anabolic steroids. Results The mean age of the study participants was 27 ± 3 years. Their anthropometric assessment revealed that their mean height was 166 ± 12 cm, mean weight was 75 ± 10 kg, and body mass index was 27 ± 3. Nutritional knowledge analysis revealed that 80% had no nutritional supervision by a nutritionist/dietitian. Their knowledge of nutritional requirements was only 23% correct for total energy intake, 63% for protein intake, 46% for carbohydrate intake, 11% for fat intake and 83% for water intake. Eating habits indicated that 55% had <3 meals/day, 51% had lunch as the principal meal, 51% always added extra salt to their food, 28% took protein supplements on a daily basis, and 51% used pre-competition glycogen load diet. However, none consumed vitamins or mineral supplements. The mean daily caloric intake was 3674 ± 265 kcal/day, which was roughly comprised of 596 ± 66 g carbohydrates, 147 ± 28 g of protein and 78 ± 20 g of total fat. Conclusion Professional nutritional supervision is needed in order to improve the nutritional knowledge and eating habits of Omani athletes, and therefore improve their athletic performance.

Waly, Mostafa I.; Kilani, Hashem A.; Al-Busafi, Majid S.

2013-01-01

406

The Jiddat al Harasis 073 strewn field, Sultanate of Oman  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The recently discovered Jiddat al Harasis (JaH) 073 strewn field is the largest found so far in the Sultanate of Oman, covering an area of 19 × 6 km. The 3463 single stones collected range in weight from 52.2 kg down to <1 g (total weight 600.8 kg) and show a pronounced mass sorting. The strewn field shape can be approximated by a NW-SE-oriented ellipsoid, indicating an atmospheric entry from SE at a low angle relative to the surface. The meteorite belongs to the L6 ordinary chondrite group and shows S4 average shock grade. Smaller stones generally show a higher weathering grade resulting in a spread from W2 and W4. Enhanced weathering of the stones causing fragmentation after the fall is observed in sandy depressions. Five 14C measurements on stones of variable size and weathering grade yielded 14C from 3.8 to 49.9 dpm/kg. Three samples give a 14C/ 10Be age consistent with about 14.4 ka. For two samples the cosmogenic, trapped, and radiogenic noble gases were measured. The ratio of the 4He and 40Ar gas retention ages of 0.29 ± 0.10 and that of the 3He and 21Ne cosmic ray exposure ages of 0.36 ± 0.08 Ma indicate that JaH 073 experienced a complex exposure history and lost 4He and 40Ar due to a major collision. Fragmentation statistics indicate a single major atmospheric disruption and an originally relatively spherical shape of the object. Assuming the material collected represents the majority of fallen mass, and 90-99% of the original weight was lost by ablation, the pre-atmospheric minimum radius of the meteoroid with density 3.4 g cm-3 would have been at least 75 cm.

Gnos, E.; Lorenzetti, S.; Eugster, O.; Jull, A. J. T.; Hofmann, B. A.; Al-Kathiri, A.; Eggimann, M.

2009-04-01

407

Sr isotope geochemistry and hydrothermal alteration of the Oman ophiolite  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Sr isotopic behavior in hydrothermally altered rocks of a complete section through the Wadi Fizh oceanic crust in the Oman ophiolite was investigated in order to evaluate seawater-rock interaction through the oceanic crust. On the basis of rock-types, secondary mineral assemblage, alteration temperature, average 87Sr/86Sr of hydrothermal fluids, and degree of alteration, the section is divided into the following 5 sequences: (1) mainly basalts and clay minerals, low alteration temperature, average 87Sr/86Sr 0.70634, and 78% degree of alteration; (2) mainly basalts and chlorite, clay minerals and calcite, fairly low alteration temperature, average 87Sr/86Sr 0.70584, and 76% degree of alteration; (3) basalts and sheeted dike diabase and prehnite-actinolite facies, moderate alteration temperature, average 87Sr/86Sr 0.70519, and 85% degree of alteration; (4) dike diabase, plagiogranite, metagabbro and epidosite and prehnite-free greenschist facies, high alteration temperature, average 87Sr/86Sr 0.70514, and 65% degree of alteration; and (5) noncumulate and cumulate gabbro and amphibolite facies, very high alteration temperature, average 87Sr/86Sr 0.70413, and 85% degree of alteration. Alteration (metamorphic) grade deduced from secondary mineral assemblages generally increases versus stratigraphic depth. Only 15% of the rocks have escaped hydrothermal alteration. The estimated strontium isotopic compositions of hydrothermal fluids are much more water-dominated than those reported previously from modern and ophiolitic hydrothermal systems. On the basis of ideal model analysis we conclude that the whole sequence of oceanic crust in the Wadi Fizh section has experienced seawater recharge (downflow zone). The evidence suggests that the Wadi Fizh section was located close to a segment boundary of the oceanic crust along a spreading axis.

Kawahata, H.; Nohara, M.; Ishizuka, H.; Hasebe, S.; Chiba, H.

2001-06-01

408

Magnetization of upper mantle: Results from Oman Samail Ophiolite  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Based upon the new data on magnetization of upper lithosphere collected from sea floor and ophiolite, we present a new model for oceanic lithosphere magnetization. In our model, the thickness of each magnetic layer was assumed to be equal to that of a standard seismic model for oceanic crust: eg. 0.5km for layer 2A. However, the thickness of the upper mantle magnetic layer can not be obtained by the similar, simple assumption. To determine the thickness of magnetic layer of upper mantle, we studied magnetization of peridotites successively sampled from a series of outcrops exposed at the crust-mantle boundary section in Wadi al Hilti, Oman Ophiolite. The average NRM intensity calculated for 2km from crust-mantle boundary is 0.6 (+/- 0.4) A/m, while that of the lower portion being 0.1 (+/- 0.08) A/m, indicating that the effective thickness of the magnetic layer of the crust- mantle boundary/upper mantle section is about 2km: upper 2km portion from the crust-mantle boundary is much strongly magnetized than the lower portion. On the basis of this finding, together with the recent magnetization data from oceanic crust and upper mantle, we made a new magnetization model for upper oceanic lithosphere. The total oceanic lithosphere magnetization calculated from the new model is about 17,500 A, which can explain the MAGSAT magnetic anomalies over Pacific Cretaceous Quiet Zone. Our new model also explains the missing magnetization of upper oceanic lithosphere that has been a long standing problem in geophysics.

Kikawa, E.; Sakai, H.; Kudo, T.

2003-12-01

409

Lessons Learned from Adopting Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning in Oman  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Despite recent investments in and rapid modernization of university campuses in places like Kuwait and Saudi Arabia, higher education in the Middle East still faces many obstacles. One of the greatest has been a fundamental disconnect between education and employment, a possible factor contributing to many of the recent riots in the Arab World.…

Porcaro, David S.; Al Musawi, Ali S.

2011-01-01

410

Hydrology and circulation in the Strait of Hormuz and the Gulf of Oman—Results from the GOGP99 Experiment: 2. Gulf of Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hydrological, ADCP, and drifting buoy data obtained during the GOGP99 Experiment in October and early November 1999 are analyzed to describe the Persian Gulf Water (PGW) core and the regional circulation in the Gulf of Oman. The warm and salty PGW core flows out of the Strait of Hormuz heading southeastward unto (25°20?N, 57°E), approximately. From there, it cascades down

S. P. Pous; X. Carton; P. Lazure

2004-01-01

411

Adsorption of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons onto inhalable particulate matter during the Kuwait oil fires  

SciTech Connect

During the Kuwait oil fires (Feb-Nov., 1991), exposure to inhalable particulate matter (PM[sub 10]) was significant and data on PM[sub 10]-bound polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) was scarce. Based on daily measurements of PM[sub 10] ambient levels and 4 measurements of associated PAHs (10, 15, 23, and 31 May, 1991), particle adsorption characteristics were utilized to describe the patterns of daily levels of PM[sub 10]-bound PAHs in Al-Mansoria residential area (Kuwait city) during the period 10-31 May, 1991. Contrary to what is currently perceived, low levels of PM[sub 10] did not reflect low inhalation exposures to adsorbed PAHs. Patterns of daily levels of PM[sub 10]-bound PAHs were more related to the extent of PM[sub 10] occupancy by PAHs than to PM[sub 10] levels in air. 17 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

Al-Yakoob, S.N.; Al-Sudairawi, M.M. (Kuwait Inst. for Scientific Research (Kuwait)); Nasrallah, H.A. (Public Authority for Applied Education and Training (Kuwait)); Al-Majed, N. (Ministry of Public Health (Kuwait))

1993-10-01

412

The decomposition of rabbit carcasses and associated necrophagous Diptera in Kuwait.  

PubMed

Rabbit carcasses were used to compare rates of decomposition and associated assemblages of Diptera at four discernable habitat types in Kuwait; a country of a region with a paucity of such reference data. Carcasses in an urban habitat showed faster decomposition (as measured by percentage weight loss) than in agricultural, coastal or desert habitats, even with accumulated degree days (ADD) as the explanatory variable (t=2.73, df=34, p=0.010) to compensate for temperature differences. Taxa of Diptera at the four habitats became more similar as decomposition progressed, suggesting such differences between habitats were not marked. The occurrence of Chrysomyia megacephala and Lucilia sericata had not previously been recorded in Kuwait. PMID:22018747

Al-Mesbah, Hanadi; Moffatt, Colin; El-Azazy, Osama M E; Majeed, Qais A H

2011-10-20

413

Price and income elasticities of energy demand: Some estimates for Kuwait using two econometric models  

SciTech Connect

This paper estimates the demand for energy in Kuwait for the period 1965-1989 using two econometric models: a cointegration and error correction model (ECM) and a simultaneous-equation model (SEM). The results obtained from both models are similar. It is found that the energy demand is inelastic with respect to price in the short and long run, and while it is elastic in the long run, the energy demand is inelastic with respect to income in the short run. Both models` validation shows that the ECM performed better in replicating the past than the simultaneous model, suggesting the need to use the ECM to identify future prospects for energy demand in Kuwait.

Al-Mutairi, N.H.; Eltony, M.N.

1995-12-31

414

Religious Faith and Psychosocial Adaptation among Stroke Patients in Kuwait: A Mixed Method Study.  

PubMed

Religious faith is central to life for Muslim patients in Kuwait, so it may influence adaptation and rehabilitation. This study explored quantitative associations among religious faith, self-efficacy, and life satisfaction in 40 female stroke patients and explored the influence of religion within stroke rehabilitation through qualitative interviews with 12 health professionals. The quantitative measure of religious faith did not relate to life satisfaction or self-efficacy in stroke patients. However, the health professionals described religious coping as influencing adaptation post-stroke. Fatalistic beliefs were thought to have mixed influences on rehabilitation. Measuring religious faith among Muslims through a standardized scale is debated. The qualitative accounts suggest that religious beliefs need to be acknowledged in stroke rehabilitation in Kuwait. PMID:23143113

Omu, Onutobor; Al-Obaidi, Saud; Reynolds, Frances

2012-11-11

415

Estimates of dietary exposure of children to artificial food colours in Kuwait.  

PubMed

To assess the intake of artificial food colour additives by 5-14-year-old children in the State of Kuwait, a 24-h dietary recall was conducted twice on 3141 male and female Kuwaiti and non-Kuwaiti children from 58 schools. The determination of colour additives in 344 foods items consumed was performed using high-performance liquid chromatography with diode array detector. A comparison with the Food and Agriculture Organization and World Health Organization acceptable daily intakes (ADIs) was undertaken to evaluate the potential risk associated with the consumption of artificial colour additives by children in Kuwait. The results indicated that out of nine permitted colours, four exceeded their ADIs by factors of 2-8: tartrazine, sunset yellow, carmoisine and allura red. Further, follow-up studies to provide insight into potential adverse health effects associated with the high intakes of these artificial colour additives on the test population are warranted. PMID:16517526

Husain, A; Sawaya, W; Al-Omair, A; Al-Zenki, S; Al-Amiri, H; Ahmed, N; Al-Sinan, M

2006-03-01

416

Adsorption of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons onto inhalable particulate matter during the Kuwait oil fires  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the Kuwait oil fires (Feb?Nov., 1991), exposure to inhalable particulate matter (PM10) was significant and data on PM10?bound polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) was scarce. Based on daily measurements of PM10 ambient levels and 4 measurements of associated PAHs (10, 15, 23, and 31 May, 1991), particle adsorption characteristics were utilized to describe the patterns of daily levels of PM10?bound

Hassan A. Nasrallah

1993-01-01

417

Unmet need for contraception in Kuwait: issues for health care providers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on a nationally representive household survey of Kuwaiti women held in 1999 (n=1502) unmet need for contraception was analyzed in Kuwait, an oil-rich Muslim country. It was found that 9.7% currently married women had an unmet need for contraception. Of those, 6.1% wanted to stop child bearing, while 3.6% wanted to space their children. A bivariate comparison of the

Makhdoom A. Shah; Nasra M. Shah; Rafiqul Islam Chowdhury; Indu Menon

2004-01-01

418

Measurements of air pollution associated with oil fires in Kuwait by a Japanese research team  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During the period 28 April 5 May 1991 a Japanese research team monitored the air pollution in Kuwait caused by oil-well fires. Monitoring was conducted at nine sites using lightweight samplers. A major monitoring site was located at Ahmadi near the fires. High levels of total airborne particulate matter, soot, organic carbon. SO 42, and Cl + were detected, but the levels of SO 2, NO 2, CO and benzo( a)pyrene were rather low.

Okita, Toshiichi; Yanagihara, Mamoru; Yoshida, Katsumi; Iwata, Motoichi; Tanabe, Kiyoshi; Hara, Hiroshi

419

Detection Rate and Clinical Pattern of Prostate Cancer in Kuwait: A Single-Center Experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To determine the detection rate and clinical pattern of prostate cancer in Kuwait. Subjects and Methods: One hundred and fifty-three males suspected of having prostate cancer based on elevation of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) of more than 4 ng\\/ml underwent transrectal-ultrasound (TRUS)-guided needle biopsy of the prostate between January 2003 and January 2008; these formed the study group. Analysis of

Arun Narayanaswamy; Fawzi Abul; T. C. Mathew

2011-01-01

420

Clinical Evaluation of Posterior Resin Composite Restorations Placed by Dental Students of Kuwait University  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To investigate the survival rate over a 3-year period of posterior resin composite restorations placed by dental students of Kuwait University. Materials andMethods: Posterior resin composite restorations placed by 5th-, 6th- and 7th-year dental students between 2004 and 2005 were evaluated. All patients with posterior composite restorations placed during this period of time were recalled. Of the 204 eligible

Asmaa Al-Samhan; Hanadi Al-Enezi; Qasem Alomari

2010-01-01

421

An assessment of the air pollution data from two monitoring stations in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article assesses the air pollution data from two monitoring stations in Kuwait. The measurements cover major pollutants, i.e., CO, CO2, methanated and non-methanated hydrocarbons, NOx, SO2, O3, and particulate matter (PM10). The data also includes meteorological parameters, i.e., solar intensity, temperature, wind speed, and wind direction, and has been collected over a period 4 years, from 2001 to 2004.

Reem S. Ettouney; John G. Zaki; Mahmoud A. El-Rifai; Hisham M. Ettouney

2010-01-01

422

Etiology and Antibiotic Susceptibility Patterns of Community-Acquired Urinary Tract Infections in a Kuwait Hospital  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the distribution and antibiotic susceptibility patterns of bacterial strains isolated from patients with community-acquired urinary tract infections (UTIs) at the Infectious Diseases Hospital, Kuwait. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted over a 7-year period. Patient information was obtained from medical record files. Antibiotic-sensitivity testing was performed by disk diffusion. E

T. S. Dimitrov; E. E. Udo; M. Emara; F. Awni; R. Passadilla

2004-01-01

423

Levels of vehicle-generated environmental lead in Kuwait: Preliminary results  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, Kuwait was divided, on the basis of traffic density, into heavily, moderately, lightly, and nonpolluted strata. A total of 61 samples of suspended particulate matter from 11 location selected randomly were collected using a hi-volume sampler which was fixed on the roof of a mobile laboratory and was approximately 1.5-2.0 m from the road. The duration of

M. A. AwadElKarim; M. Khogali; M. Angeloo-Khattar; O. Thulesius; V. Veanes; H. Zeglam

2008-01-01

424

Effect of Kuwait's oil-fire smoke cloud on global horizontal irradiance at Dhahran, Saudi Arabia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The influence of Kuwait's 1991 Oil-Fire smoke cloud on incident total horizontal solar radiation has been investigated using measurements made at the automatic solar radiation and meteorological monitoring station in Dhahran (26[degrees] 32'N, 50[degrees] 13'E), Saudi Arabia. Results indicate that the global horizontal irradiance on smoky days was 70-87% of that on clear\\/non-smoky days and that the Clearness Index was

M. A. Elhadidy; S. M. Shaahid

1994-01-01

425

Age at menarche and its relationship to body mass index among adolescent girls in Kuwait  

PubMed Central

Background Despite the increasing rates of childhood obesity and rapid change in socio-economic status, the mean age at menarche remains mostly unknown among contemporary girls in Kuwait and other countries in the Gulf region. This study aimed to estimate the mean age at menarche among schoolgirls in Kuwait and investigate the association between age at menarche and obesity. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted on 1,273 randomly selected female high school students from all governorates in Kuwait. Overweight was defined as higher than or equal to the 85th percentile and obesity as higher than or equal to the 95th percentile using growth charts provided by the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC, 2000). Data on menarche, socio-demographic status, physical activity and diet were collected using confidential self-administered questionnaire. Results Out of 1,273 students, 23 (1.8%) were absent or refused to participate. The mean age at menarche was 12.41 years (95% CI: 12.35-12.48). The prevalence of early menarche, defined as less than 11 years of age, was 8.5% (95% CI: 7.0-10.2%). The prevalence of obesity and overweight was 18.3% (95% CI: 16.2-20.6%) and 25.8% (95% CI: 23.42-28.30%), respectively. Age at menarche was inversely and significantly associated with odds of overweight and obesity after adjusting for potential confounders, odds ratio 0.84 (0.77-0.93); (p?=?0.001). Conclusion Age at menarche among contemporary girls in Kuwait is similar to that in industrialized countries. There is an inverse association between age at menarche and obesity or overweight. Trends in menarcheal age should be monitored and time of sexual maturation and its related factors should be taken into account in strategies that aim to combat obesity.

2013-01-01

426

A reconnaissance study of a clastic coastal sabkha in Northern Kuwait, Arabian Gulf  

Microsoft Academic Search

A clastic, tidal flat-sabkha complex characterizes the mesotidal coastline of Northern Kuwait. The Holocene tidal sediments of this area represent the western-most limit of the Shatt Al-Arab delta sediments. The area under study in Bahrah is subdivided according to its geomorphological features and depositional setting into eight sub-environments. The sediments are characterized by two distinct size populations; a coarse fraction

A. Saleh; F. Al-Ruwaih; A. Al-Reda; A. Gunatilaka

1999-01-01

427

Assessment of the effects of atmospheric oil pollution in post war Kuwait.  

PubMed

A prospective study was undertaken to assess and monitor the effects of oil pollution in soldiers exposed in Kuwait in 1991 after Op Granby. One hundred and twenty five soldiers were monitored over a five month period by measurement of Forced Expiratory Volume (in one second) (FEV1) and Forced Vital Capacity (FVC). Although no demonstrable changes were observed, this study has gone some way to filling the gap in research in this environmentally sensitive field. PMID:8277475

Coombe, M D; Drysdale, S F

1993-10-01

428

Flexural strength characteristics of non-load bearing masonry walls in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

The controlling factor in designing non-load bearing masonry walls, such as those used in Kuwait, is the lateral resistance\\u000a to wind loads. To ensure safety of the walls, data is needed on the flexural strength characteristics of walls constructed\\u000a with locally-available materials. The flexural strength of masonry walls constructed with autoclaved aerated-concrete blocks,\\u000a sand-cement concrete blocks or calcium silicate bricks

Moneera Al-Shaleh; Emmanuel K. Attiogbe

1997-01-01

429

Assessment of renewable energy resources potential in Oman and identification of barrier to their significant utilization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Oman relies on gas and oil resources fuels for almost all of its energy needs. Almost 99% of its power generation is based on natural gas. However, the country's natural gas supplies are currently largely committed, and it may become a net importer soon. Therefore, there is a need to look for alternative energy resources. This paper presents a review

A. H. Al-Badi; A. Malik; A. Gastli

2009-01-01

430

Forest on the edge: Seasonal cloud forest in Oman creates its own ecological niche  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cloud forests usually grow in the moist tropics where water is not a limiting factor to plant growth. Here, for the first time, we describe the hydrology of a water limited seasonal cloud forest in the Dhofar mountains of Oman. This ecosystem is under significant stress from camels feeding on tree canopies. The Dhofar forests are the remnants of a

Anke Hildebrandt; Elfatih A. B. Eltahir

2006-01-01

431

First Report of rust caused by Tranzschelia discolor on Peach in Oman  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Peach (Prunus persica L.) is the dominant fruit crop in parts of the northern mountainous regions of Oman. Local cultivars, propagated by seedling, are used to produce fruit for local markets and for shade to fodder crops planted underneath. In February of 2006, leaf samples showing rust symptoms ...

432

Biting flies attacking cattle in the dhofar province of the Sultanate of Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Dhofar is the southernmost province of Oman. It is a region that is unique in the Arabian Peninsula since from June to September it experiences a monsoon season. Precipitation takes the form of a heavy mist and a persistent drizzle; during the monsoon season up to 15 in. of rain fall, most of which is confined to the Jabal

P. S. Mellor

1978-01-01

433

Geology and seismic structure of the northern section of the Oman ophiolite  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the north Oman mountains, a continuous ophiolite succession is exposed, from tectonized harzuburgities and dunities at the base, through layered gabbros and peridotities, high-level gabbros and plagiogranite, to a dike swarm and pillowed volcanic overlain by pelagic shales. The upper part of this sequence possesses a static metamorphic overprint, which passes downward from greenschist facies in the lowermost volcanics

Nikolas I. Christensen; John D. Smewing

1981-01-01

434

Size distributions and sex ratios of sharks caught by Oman's artisanal fishery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Oman's fishery resources are exploited by artisanal and industrial fisheries, but the former accounts for almost 90% of landings. Within the artisanal fishery, sharks have traditionally been harvested for their flesh, but the development of a valuable export market for shark fin has led to increased utilisation of this resource, and anecdotal information suggests that shark abundance has decreased in

A. C. Henderson; J. L. McIlwain; H. S. Al-Oufi; S. Al-Sheile; N. Al-Abri

2009-01-01

435

Brief Report: Prevalence of Autistic Spectrum Disorders in the Sultanate of Oman  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Prevalence of autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) in Oman is unknown. We conducted a cross-sectional study to estimate the prevalence of ASD among 0-14 year old children. Diagnoses were made as per DSM-IV-TR criteria and supplemented with information collected with the standard Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS) questionnaire. A total 113 cases…

Al-Farsi, Yahya M.; Al-Sharbati, Marwan M.; Al-Farsi, Omar A.; Al-Shafaee, Mohammed S.; Brooks, Daniel R.; Waly, Mostafa I.

2011-01-01

436

Morphological responses of macrobenthic polychaetes to low oxygen on the Oman continental slope, NW Arabian Sea  

Microsoft Academic Search

Morphological adaptation to low dissolved oxygen consisting of enlarged respiratory surface area is described in polychaete species belonging to the family Spionidae from the Oman margin where the oxygen minimum zone impinges on the continental slope. Similar adaptation is suggested for species in the family Cossuridae. Such morphological adaptation apparently has not been previously recorded among polychaetes living in hypoxic

Peter A Lamont; John D Gage

2000-01-01

437

The Huqf Supergroup of Oman: Basin development and context for Neoproterozoic glaciation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Huqf Supergroup of the Sultanate of Oman provides important information on the geological evolution of the Arabian–Persian Gulf region during a protracted period of continental dispersal and reassembly on the periphery of the Gondwanan supercontinent during the Neoproterozoic, and also provides important constraints on the nature of extreme climate swings during this critical period in the evolution of Earth's

Philip A. Allen

2007-01-01

438

Brine disposal from reverse osmosis desalination plants in Oman and the United Arab Emirates  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reverse osmosis (RO) desalination plants are used for supplying potable water to small communities in inland areas of Oman as well as small to large communities in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Most of these desalination plants use brackish groundwater as feedwater. The production of brine (also known as concentrate or wastewater) is an integral part of the operation of

Mushtaque Ahmed; Walid H. Shayya; David Hoey; Juma Al-Handaly

2001-01-01

439

Progress toward Elimination of Hepatitis B Virus Transmission in Oman: Impact of Hepatitis B Vaccination.  

PubMed

Abstract. Approximately 2-7% of the Omani population has chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. To decrease this burden, universal childhood hepatitis B vaccination was introduced in Oman in 1990. The hepatitis B vaccination strategy and reported coverage were reviewed. To assess the impact of the program on chronic HBV seroprevalence, a nationally representative seroprevalence study was conducted in Oman in 2005. Since 1991, hepatitis B vaccination in Oman has reached almost every eligible child, with reported coverage of ? 97% for the birth dose and ? 94% for three doses. Of 175 children born pre-vaccine introduction, 16 (9.1%) had evidence of HBV exposure, and 4 (2.3%) had evidence of chronic infection. Of 1,890 children born after vaccine introduction, 43 (2.3%) had evidence of HBV exposure, and 10 (0.5%) had evidence of chronic infection. Oman has a strong infant hepatitis B vaccination program, resulting in a dramatic decrease in chronic HBV seroprevalence. PMID:23958910

Al Awaidy, Salah Thabit; Bawikar, Shyam Pandurang; Al Busaidy, Suleiman Salim; Al Mahrouqi, Salim; Al Baqlani, Said; Al Obaidani, Idris; Alexander, James; Patel, Minal K

2013-08-19

440

Upper mantle anisotropy of southeast Arabia passive margin [Gulf of Aden northern conjugate margin], Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

We used in this study data recorded by two consecutive passive broadband deployment on the Gulf of Aden northern margin, Dhofar region, Sultanate of Oman. The objective of these deployments is to map the young eastern Gulf of Aden passive continental margin crust and upper mantle structure and rheology. In this study we use shear wave splitting analysis to map

A. I. Al-Lazki; C. J. Ebinger; J. M. Kendall; G. R. Helffrich; S. Leroy; C. Tiberi; G. W. Stuart; K. I. Al-Toubi

2010-01-01

441

Malaria outbreak in a malaria-free region in Oman 1998  

Microsoft Academic Search

Beginning in April 1998, the surveillance system in Dhofar region, Oman, detected malaria cases among individuals who had no risk factors for the acquisition of malaria. An investigation was conducted to describe the outbreak and to identify its possible causes.A malaria case was defined as an unexplained fever (>38°C) in a resident of the Dhofar region from April to September

AT Baomar; AG Mohamed

2000-01-01

442

Dhofar 301, 302 and 303: Three New Lunar Highland Meteorites from Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three new lunar meteorites were found in the Dhofar region of Oman. They are highland impact breccias, but each is distinct and distinguishable from other lunar meteorites collected nearby. There should be at least 5 different falls of lunar meteorites in the Dhofar region.

M. A. Nazarov; S. I. Demidova; A. Patchen; L. A. Taylor

2002-01-01

443

Dhofar 301, 302 and 303: Three New Lunar Highland Meteorites from Oman  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Three new lunar meteorites were found in the Dhofar region of Oman. They are highland impact breccias, but each is distinct and distinguishable from other lunar meteorites collected nearby. There should be at least 5 different falls of lunar meteorites in the Dhofar region.

Nazarov, M. A.; Demidova, S. I.; Patchen, A.; Taylor, L. A.

2002-03-01

444

Reasons for Consultation among Patients attending Primary Healthcare Centres in Oman  

PubMed Central

Objectives: Pathways to care or care-seeking, which translate into healthcare utilisation, have been investigated in many parts of the world, but there is a dearth of studies in the Arabian Gulf. The aim of this study was to examine the characteristics of attendees at primary healthcare centres in northern Oman and their reasons for visiting. Methods: Face-to-face interviews were conducted with 676 participants attending 12 primary healthcare centres between June and July 2006. The catchment area was selected to represent the population structure in Oman. The 12-item questionnaire was read to every fifth eligible patient entering each healthcare centre for a routine appointment. Analyses were conducted using univariate statistics. Results: About a third (n = 200; 29.6%) of the participants had a history of chronic illness; 231 (34%) were on regular medications; 211 (31%) were taking part in health education programmes; 130 (19%) were open to complementary medicine. The majority of the participants mentioned physician’s advice (n = 570; 84%) as the strongest reason for seeking consultation. Conversely, physician’s advice was strongly related to particular demographic factors. Conclusion: This observational study identified some characteristics and reasons for visiting healthcare facilities in northern Oman. These are discussed within the context of prevailing sociocultural factors. The implications for the prevention and detection of ill health in Oman are also discussed.

Al-Mandhari, Ahmed; Al-Adawi, Samir; Al-Zakwani, Ibrahim; Dorvlo, Atsu; Al-Shafaee, Mohammed

2013-01-01

445

Accretion of Oman and United Arab Emirates ophiolite – Discussion of a new structural map  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is altogether an extended legend for the folded maps incorporated in this volume, a review of the current knowledge on the Oman-United Arab Emirates ophiolite belt, and a new synthesis at the scale of the entire belt. Following a brief description of the petrological and structural units composing the ophiolite, the content of the three structural maps (planar

A. Nicolas; F. Boudier; B. Ildefonse; E. Ball

2000-01-01

446

New, high-precision PT estimates for Oman blueschists: implications for obduction, nappe stacking and exhumation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Oman blueschists and eclogites lie below the obduction nappe of the Semail ophiolite in one of the key areas on Earth for the study of plate convergence. Here new metamorphic and tectonic constraints are provided for the central, yet poorly constrained Hulw unit, sandwiched between the low-grade units (? 10 kbar, <300 ? C) and the As Sifah eclogites (Pmax

P. YAMATO; P. AGARD; B. GOFFE; V. DE ANDRADE; O. VIDAL; L. JOLIVET

2007-01-01

447

The Influence of Somalia and Oman Upwellings on the Indian Summer Monsoon  

Microsoft Academic Search

What controls the strength of the Indian summer monsoon is not well known yet. The Somalia and Oman upwellings peak during the summer monsoon and strongly cool the Sea Surface Temperature (SST) in the Western Arabian Sea. A slight change in their strength can thus have strong impacts on the SST and extent of the Indian ocean warm pool, which

T. Izumo; C. de Boyer Montégut; J. Luo; S. K. Behera; S. Masson; T. Yamagata

2006-01-01

448

Role of the Somalia-Oman upwelling and ENSO on Indian monsoon rainfall variability  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Indian summer monsoon rainfall has complex, regionally heterogeneous, interannual variations with huge socioeconomic impacts, but the underlying mechanisms remain uncertain. The upwelling along the Somalia and Oman coasts starts in late spring, peaks during the summer monsoon, and strongly cools the sea surface temperature (SST) in the western Arabian Sea. They restrict the westward extent of the Indian Ocean

Takeshi Izumo; Clement de Boyer Montegut; Jing-Jia Luo; Swadhin K. Behera; Sebastien Masson; Toshio Yamagata

2010-01-01

449

Cyclone ‘GONU’ and reliability of main interconnected transmission system of Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

A severe tropical cyclone (Cyclone GONU) hit the coast of Sultanate of Oman on 05.06.07. This has caused widespread impact on several installations of the country including the integrated Main Interconnected Transmission network. A very significant challenge for an overhead or underground transmission system is to achieve an economical design while meeting many diverse performance requirements and constraints including this

A. K. De Bhowmick; M. A. Thani; Y. Al-Rawahi

2007-01-01

450

Shallow Water Dynamics in the Arabian Gulf and Gulf of Oman.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The development of a three-dimensional, high resolution nowcast/forecast system for the Arabian Gulf and Gulf of Oman which encompasses scales of 10 km or less when warranted, using the most advanced finite element coastal hydrodynamic models. The modeled...

C. A. Blain

1998-01-01

451

Possible Sunspot Effects on Precipitation Totals over Northern Coasts of Persian Gulf and Oman Sea  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, the relationship between annual sunspot number (ASN) and annual precipitation totals (APT) has been investigated over the northern coasts of the Persian Gulf and Oman Sea by using two statistical methods: contingency tables and cross-correlation function. Only Bushehr and Jask stations (270 mm and 140 mm mean APT) have long term monthly precipitation records started instrumentally from

M. R. Pishvaei; A. Shirvani; D. M. Kalim

2009-01-01

452

Desalination by solar-powered reverse osmosis in a remote area of the Sultanate of Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Ministry of Water Resources successfully conducted an experimental study on the use of solar power to desalinate brackish ground water at their Heelat ar Rakah camp, a remote location some 900 km south of Muscat, the capital of Oman. The system comprises components for pre-treatment of pumped well water to separate hydrogen sulphide, acid dosing to correct the pH,

Zaher Al Suleimani; V. Rajendran Nair

2000-01-01

453

The United Kingdom's last hot war of the Cold War: Oman, 1963–75  

Microsoft Academic Search

Between 1963 and 1975, the United Kingdom fought its last ‘hot war’ that can be classified as part of the Cold War. Attracting little media attention at the time, the war the United Kingdom waged in Oman's Dhofar province halted the spread of communism in the Persian Gulf at a period of acute vulnerability. Contrary to existing studies, which treat

Marc DeVore

2011-01-01

454

Source Characterization of Atmospheric Heavy Metals in Industrial\\/Residential Areas: A Case Study in Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

Total suspended particulate matter (TSP) was collected from two districts: the Sohar industrial estate (SIE) and a residential area in the case study area in Oman. The TSP collected from SIE was taken from 19 different industrial activities, whereas those collected from the residential area were taken from 12 houses. The samples were analyzed for nine heavy metals: chromium (Cr),

Sabah A. Abdul-Wahab

2004-01-01

455

Aflaj Water Resources Management: Tradable Water Rights to Improve Irrigation Productivity in Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditional surface irrigation systems of aflaj provide more than 60 per cent of the fresh water supply in the Sultanate of Oman and irrigate around 55 per cent of the cropped area. Over the years, these systems have set traditions for intertemporal water resources allocation and a process of users rights established on ownership and\\/or rent basis. A management structure

Hayder A. Abdel Rahmnn; Abdallah Omezzine

1996-01-01

456

Meeting the Challenges: The Development of Quality Assurance in Oman's Colleges of Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The educational history of the Sultanate of Oman has undergone rapid development. In 1970, there were three primary schools. Today, there is universal education, with modern public and private institutions. In 1985, the first teacher education institutions offered a diploma programme. In 1994, six Colleges of Education, offering a degree, were…

Al Bandary, Mohammed Sulaiman

2005-01-01

457

English Language Teaching Reform in Sultanate of Oman: The Case of Theory and Practice Disparity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Sultanate of Oman is one out of many developing countries around the world which have valued English as a very important international language and a tool for achieving multiple purposes. When His Majesty the Sultan came to power in 1970, the government accepted English as the only official foreign language and allocated huge budgets and…

Al-Issa, Ali S.; Al-Bulushi, Ali H.

2012-01-01

458

Oman: Reform, Security, and U.S. Policy. Updated April 13, 2011.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Prior to the wave of unrest that has swept the Middle East in 2011, the United States had consistently praised Sultan Qaboos bin Sa'id Al Said for opening up the political process in the Sultanate of Oman, beginning this initiative in the early 1980s with...

K. Katzman

2011-01-01

459

Education of Children with Vision Impairments in the Sultanate of Oman.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the prevalence and patterns of vision impairment in the Sultanate of Oman. Reviews the types of special education and rehabilitation services offered and future priorities. Concludes that, although at present, few visually impaired children are receiving services, a special education system is evolving into a community-based approach to…

Hadidi, Muna S. Z.

1998-01-01

460

The Implications of Implementing a "Flexible" Syllabus for ESL Policy in the Sultanate of Oman  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The education system in general and ELT in particular are rigidly controlled in the Sultanate of Oman, which gives teachers little room to supplement the mandated textbook. This article, hence, discusses ideologies about the "flexible" ELT syllabus and the role of the teacher's professionalism in the syllabus implementation process. One of the…

Al-Issa, Ali S. M.

2007-01-01

461

Higher Education in the Sultanate of Oman: The Challenge of Access, Equity and Privatization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A survey of higher education in the Sultanate of Oman found management by several government entities, no tradition of charging fees or tuition, and supply of higher education inadequate to demand. Proposes a framework for a consolidated management system and market-oriented reforms. (EV)|

Al-Lamki, Salma M.

2002-01-01

462

Oligocene larger foraminifera from United Arab Emirates, Oman and Western Desert of Egypt  

Microsoft Academic Search

An early Oligocene (Rupelian) diagnostic larger foraminiferal assemblage is described and illustrated from marls and limestones of the Asmari Formation, at Jabals Hafit and Malaqet in the UAE. An equivalent assemblage is identified in the mudstones of the Tahwah Formation, Wadi Suq, Oman. Although Nummulites intermedius (D'Archiac 1846) and N. fichteli are fully synonymous (e.g. Roveda 1970; Schaub 1981; Sirel

Mohamed Boukhary; Osman Abdelghany; Yasmine Hussein-Kamel; Salah Bahr; Abdul Razak Alsayigh; Mousheera Abdelraouf

2010-01-01

463

Development of a digital model for Oman electrical transmission main grid  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the development of a digital computer model representing the main electric transmission system in Oman. A commercially available DIgSILENT power system computation package is employed. A brief description of system is given, which includes generating units, transformers, transmission lines and loads. The system is connected with a number of internal industrial plants to exchange electric power in

Omar H. Abdalla; Hilal Al-Hadi; H. Al-Riyami

2009-01-01

464

Progress in Developing a National Quality Management System for Higher Education in Oman  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The post-secondary education sector in Oman consists of a complex suite of public and private institutions, in a number of distinct segments, offering local and foreign programmes developed through their respective quality assurance systems. The Omani higher education quality management system is undergoing significant advances to address this…

Carroll, Martin; Razvi, Salim; Goodliffe, Tess; Al-Habsi, Fakhriya

2009-01-01

465

The Development of Private Higher Education in the Sultanate of Oman: Perception and Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper surveys the development of Oman's system of private higher education along with issues of governance, funding and quality assurance. It focuses on the evolution of private higher education in light of the government's strategic policies in response to the disparity between demand and supply of higher education in the country. Responding to this predicament, the government has opted

Salma M. Al-Lamki

2006-01-01

466

Typology of oases in northern Oman based on Landsat and SRTM imagery and geological survey data  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the desert country of Oman, available water resources are scarce and scattered. In most locations where water can be accessed, this resource is harnessed by oases planted to date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) and other crops. So far, little is known about the site-specific conditions determining the existence, size and type of these oases. Remote sensing and image processing

Eike Luedeling; Andreas Buerkert

2008-01-01

467

Concerns and considerations among caregivers of a child with autism in Qatar  

PubMed Central

Background Autism impacts the lives of the family looking after a child with the condition in different ways, and forces family members to modify their daily lives to suit their reality. To our knowledge, no previous research investigated concern and considerations of parents/caregivers of children with autism in Qatar or the Arabic speaking Middle Eastern region. Methods Caregivers of a child who was between the age of 3 to17 years old at the time of the study and who was diagnosed with ASD (Autistic Group or AG) were recruited from the two main developmental pediatric and children rehabilitation clinics in Qatar. The control group (non-autism group, or NAG) was represented by caregivers of a non-autistic child between the age of 3 to 17 years old at the time of the study and who were visiting a family clinic of a primary health care facility for routine medical check-up. Data collected from both groups included related to the child (e.g. the child’s date of birth, his/her relation to the caregiver, number of siblings, number of hours of sleep in a day, number of hours spent watching television or videos prior to age 3, time spent indoors prior to age 3, absenteeism from school, and use of a nanny to care for the child) and to the caregiver (education level, profession, level of consanguinity using the phylogram method). In addition to these questions, caregivers in the AG were asked specific questions around maternal concern and considerations in respect to the future of their children and the specialized services they receive. Results Children in the autism group spent more time indoors, watching television, or sleeping than children in the non-autism group. Only around 40% of caregivers in the autism group said they would encourage their child to get married and become a parent when s/he grows up. A number of caregivers of children with autism frequently utilize specialized rehabilitation services; others did express their needs for these services and made comments about having to wait a long time before they were provided with some of the services. Religious faith helped caregivers in accepting having a child with autism. General health-related quality of life did not differ significantly between the caregivers of the two groups, although mental health was consistently poorer in the autism group of caregivers. Conclusions The study draws attention to the concerns of the families of children with autism and their expectations about the future of their children. The findings can be used by policy makers in planning services to support these families in Qatar.

2012-01-01

468

Middle East: Iran isn't missed much  

SciTech Connect

A concerted effort to further develop productive capacity is evident in most Middle Eastern Countries, through exploration, field development, and secondary recovery. Saudi Arabia, Iraq, and Abu Dhabi all plan expanded petroleum industry programs in 1980. Oil production in Saudi Arabia through the first one-half of 1980 averaged 9.5 million bpd, and the Saudis are proceeding with the large-scale associated gas utilization and industrialization program. Iraq's near-term interest is in development of the Majnoon Discovery. Abu Dhabi is continuing efforts to complete development of a giant offshore field and finalize an onshore/offshore associated gas utilization facility. Only Iran and Kuwait are expected to be relatively inactive in petroleum programs during the remainder of 1980. Individual country reports are presented for Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Iran, Kuwait, the Divided Neutral Zone, Qatar, Oman, Bahrain, Syria, Turkey, Israel, Jordan, South Yemen, and Yemen Arab Republic.

Not Available

1980-08-15

469

Detection of bacterial endotoxin in drinking tap and bottled water in Kuwait.  

PubMed

This study was carried out to measure and compare the concentration of bacterial endotoxin in a variety of samples from drinking tap and bottled water available in Kuwait by using the Limulus Amoebocyte lysate test. A total of 29 samples were tested. Samples were collected from a variety of locations throughout the six governorates of Kuwait and 23 brands of local and imported bottled water samples were collected from the local market. The concentration of bacterial endotoxin was measured by using the standard Limulus Amoebocyte lysate test, gel clot method. This study showed that measured endotoxin concentrations in tap drinking water varied from 2.4 to 33.8 EU/ml with the average endotoxin concentration of 14.2 EU/ml. While the results of endotoxin concentrations in the bottled water were <0.03 to 20.1 EU/ml with an average of 1.96 EU/ml. The average concentration of endotoxin in bottled water is 13.5 % of the average concentration of endotoxin in tap drinking water. This experimental investigation has proved that drinking bottled water has less endotoxin as compared to tap water in Kuwait. It is also demonstrated that the endotoxin concentration did not exceed the acceptable level in drinking tap water. PMID:22270589

Abdulraheem, Abdulkareem; Mustafa, Seham; Al-Saffar, Nabeel; Shahjahan, Muhammed

2012-01-21

470

Assessment of damage to the desert surfaces of Kuwait due to the Gulf War  

SciTech Connect

This is a preliminary report on a joint research project by Boston University and the Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research that commenced in April 1992. The project aim is to establish the extent and nature of environmental damage to the desert surface and coastal zone of Kuwait due to the Gulf War and its aftermath. Change detection image enhancement techniques were employed to enhance environmental change by comparison of Landsat Thematic Mapper images obtained before the wars and after the cessation of the oil and well fires. Higher resolution SPOT images were also utilized to evaluate the nature of the environmental damage to specific areas. The most prominent changes were due to: (1) the deposition of oil and course-grained soot on the desert surface as a result of oil rain'' from the plume that emanated from the oil well fires; (2) the formation of hundreds of oil lakes, from oil seepage at the damaged oil well heads; (3) the mobilization of sand and dust and (4) the pollution of segments of the coastal zone by the deposition of oil from several oil spills. Interpretation of satellite image data are checked in the field to confirm the observations, and to assess the nature of the damage. Final results will be utilized in establishing the needs for remedial action to counteract the harmful effects of the various types of damage to the environment of Kuwait.

El-Baz, F. (Boston Univ., MA (United States). Center for Remote Sensing); Al-Ajmi, D. (Kuwait Inst. for Scientific Research (Kuwait). Environmental and Earth Sciences Div.)

1993-01-01

471

Radioactivity concentrations in sediments and their correlation to the coastal structure in Kuwait.  

PubMed

Gamma-ray spectrometric measurements were performed on sediment samples from the coast of Kuwait to study the concentration of natural as well as man-made radioactive sources. The coast of Kuwait, which extends for some 170 km is mainly soft sedimentary colitic limestones or sandstones, overlaid in many areas with beach or wind-blown sand. In the north, suspended material from the Shatt Al-Arab delta has settled to form extensive soft areas of intertidal mud within Kuwait Bay. Forty samples were taken at different points along the coast in undisturbed areas at intervals of about 5 km. Collection was carried out during low-tide, where it was possible to collect sediments from the wet region that was covered by seawater during the high tide. At each of the sample sites, a sampling area of about 1 m2 was considered. Samples collected from the north were of a muddy nature, whereas the southern samples were sandy. All samples were left to dry in open air before drying in the oven at 105 degrees C for 2-3 days to remove all water content. The radioactivity in southern areas reaches about one half of the values commonly assigned as the world average. In the northern areas, higher radioactivity concentrations are found but are still below the international levels. PMID:12102362

Saad, H R; Al-Azmi, D

2002-06-01

472

Morphology and Late Quaternary sedimentation in the Gulf of Oman Basin  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The morphology of the Gulf of Oman Basin, a 3,400 m deep oceanic basin between Oman and southern Pakistan and southern Iran, ranges from a convergent margin (Makran margin) along the north side, a passive type (Oman margin) along the south side, translation types along the basin's west (Zendan Fault-Oman Line) and east (Murray Ridge) sides and a narrow continental rise and a wide abyssal plain in the centre of the basin. Sediment input into the basin during the Late Quaternary has been mainly from the north as a result of the uplift of the Coast Makran Mountains in the Late Miocene-Pliocene. Today most of this detritrus is deposited on the shelf and upper continental slope and perched basins behind the fold/fault ridges on the lower slope. The presence of fans and channels on the continental rise on the north side of the basin indicate, however, that continental derived debris was, and possibly is, being transported to the deep-sea by turbidity currents via gaps in the ridges on the lower slope. In addition to land derived terrigenous sediments, the basin deposits also contain biogenic (organic matter and calcium carbonate), eolian detritus and hydrates and authigenic carbonates from the tectonic dewatering of the Makran accretionary wedge. The eolian sediment is carried into the Gulf of Oman Basin from Arabia and the Mesopotamia Valley by the northwesterly Shamal winds. This type of detritus was particularly abundant during the glacial arid periods 21,000-20,000 and 11,000 (Younger Dryas) years ago when exposure of the Persian (Arabian) Gulf increased the area of dust entrainment and shifted the position of the source of the eolian sediments closer to the basin.

Uchupi, Elazar; Swift, S. A.; Ross, D. A.

473

High salinity events in the northern Arabian Sea and Sea of Oman  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Moored observations in the northern Arabian Sea (NAS) show substantial velocity, temperature and dissolved oxygen fluctuations, accompanied by episodic high salinity intrusions with maximum values?37.3 on time scales of 2-10 days after the passage of Cyclone Gonu in 2007. These events are characterized by a rapid increase in temperature, salinity and dissolved oxygen followed by an abrupt decline. The mechanisms behind these high salinity events are investigated using a comprehensive dataset of temperature and salinity profiles from ARGO floats and sea surface height anomaly maps. The spatial and temporal distribution of the Persian/Arabian Gulf outflow to the Sea of Oman is also studied using ARGO profiles. Persian Gulf water (PGW) is mainly measured close to the Strait of Hormuz or along the Oman coast on the continental slope in the Sea of Oman. Both mooring and ARGO data show that high salinity PGW can be advected off the slope and into the interior. More high salinity water is measured in the interior of the Sea of Oman within three months after the Gonu passage in summer 2007, which is caused by the combination effect of the oceanic responses to Cyclone Gonu and a clockwise eddy circulation located at northern Ras al Hadd. At other times, the high salinity water appears more in isolated patches and rare in the interior. This study provides a first look at the high salinity events appearing after Gonu and the properties and dynamics of the PGW in the northern Arabian Sea and Sea of Oman.

Wang, Zhankun; DiMarco, Steven F.; Jochens, Ann E.; Ingle, Stephanie

2013-04-01

474

Truth-telling and cancer diagnoses: physician attitudes and practices in Qatar.  

PubMed

There is limited information regarding physicians' attitudes toward revealing cancer diagnoses to patients in the Arab world. Using a questionnaire informed by a seminal study carried out by Oken in 1961, our research sought to determine present-day disclosure practices in Qatar, identify physician sociodemographic variables associated with truth-telling, and outline trends related to future practice. A sample of 131 physicians was polled. Although nearly 90% of doctors said they would inform cancer patients of their diagnosis, ?66% of respondents stated that they made exceptions to their policy, depending on patient characteristics. These data suggest that clinical practices are somewhat discordant on professed beliefs about the ethical propriety of disclosure. PMID:22874085

Rodriguez Del Pozo, Pablo; Fins, Joseph J; Helmy, Ismail; El Chaki, Rim; El Shazly, Tarek; Wafaradi, Deena; Mahfoud, Ziyad

2012-08-08

475

The Efficiency of the "Learning Management System (LMS)" in AOU, Kuwait, as a Communication Tool in an E-Learning System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The integration of a Learning Management System (LMS) at the Arab Open University (AOU), Kuwait, opens new possibilities for online interaction between teachers and students. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the efficiency of the LMS at AOU, Kuwait as a communication tool in the E-learning system and to find the best automated…

Alfadly, Ahmad Assaf

2013-01-01

476

Pandemic influenza A\\/H1N1 vaccination uptake among health care workers in Qatar: Motivators and barriers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Influenza A\\/H1N1 new vaccine helps control disease spread. Cross-sectional survey was conducted at PHC & Emergency Departments in Qatar to determine influenza A\\/H1N1 vaccination rate among HCWs and associated factors, 523 HCWs were enrolled. The study showed that 13.4% HCWs received vaccination. Feeling protected strongly influenced vaccination decision (OR=14.5). Uncertainty about vaccine efficacy and fear of side effects strongly influenced

Mohamed Ghaith Alkuwari; Nagah A. Aziz; Zaher A. S. Nazzal; Saad A. Al-Nuaimi

2011-01-01

477

Megadroughts at the dawn of Islam recorded in a 2600-year long stalagmite from Northern Oman  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Climate on the Arabian Peninsula is strongly affected by two major climate systems; the North Atlantic/Siberian pressure system in winter and the Indian monsoon in summer. Their influence is clearly discernable in the present-day precipitation pattern in Oman. Southern Oman (so-called Dhofar region) receives most of its total annual precipitation during the Indian summer monsoon (June - August), whereas northern Oman receives most precipitation during the northeast monsoon season (December - March) by southeast ward moving Mediterranean frontal system. To date, the late Holocene climatic history of Oman and the entire Arabian Peninsula is poorly understood due to the lack of well dated and highly resolved paleoclimate records. In order to fill this gap of knowledge an actively growing stalagmite (specimen H12) was collected from Hoti Cave located in northern Oman. Total annual rainfall in this area varies between 50 and 255 mm yr-1, with more than 65% of total annual rainfall occurring between December and March. The chronology of stalagmite H12 is based on 22 Th-U ages, which indicate that H12 grew continuously during the last 2650 years. The H12 oxygen isotope record (^18O) is based on 1345 measurements corresponding to a temporal resolution of around 2 years. The comparison of the H12 ^18O record with meteorological data reveals that ^18O values reflect the amount of precipitation. The H12 ^18O time series shows distinct centennial- to decadal-scale changes in the amount of precipitation. The most striking feature of the H12 isotope profile is a series of severe droughts between A.D. 500 and A.D. 1000, the most severe perennial drought is centered at around A.D. 530. During this time South Arabia experienced a series of profound societal changes, such as the collapse of the Himyarite Kingdom which was the dominant state in Arabia. Our stalagmite ^18O time series from Northern Oman seems to support the hypothesis that the collapse of the 1500-year-old South Arabian civilizations and transition from the pre-Islamic to the Islamic era in the 6th and early 7th century A.D. may have been triggered by reoccurring severe droughts.

Fleitmann, D.; Mudelsee, M.; Bradley, R. S.; Pickering, P.; Kramers, J.; Burns, S. J.; Mangini, A.; Matter, A.

2009-04-01

478

Megadroughts at the Dawn of Islam Recorded in a Stalagmite from Oman  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Climate on the Arabian Peninsula is strongly affected by two major climate systems; the North Atlantic/Siberian pressure system in winter and the Indian monsoon in summer. Their influence is clearly discernable in the present-day precipitation pattern in Oman. Southern Oman (so-called Dhofar region) receives most of its total annual precipitation during the Indian summer monsoon (June - August), whereas northern Oman receives most precipitation during the northeast monsoon season (December - March) by southeast ward moving Mediterranean frontal system. To date, the late Holocene climatic history of Oman and the entire Arabian Peninsula is poorly understood due to the lack of well dated and highly resolved paleoclimate records. In order to fill this gap of knowledge an actively growing stalagmite (specimen H12) was collected from Hoti Cave located in northern Oman. Total annual rainfall in this area varies between 50 and 255 mm yr-1, with more than 65% of total annual rainfall occurring between December and March. The chronology of stalagmite H12 is based on 24 Th-U ages, which indicate that H12 grew continuously during the last 2650 years. The H12 oxygen isotope record (?18O) is based on 1345 measurements corresponding to a temporal resolution of around 2 years. The comparison of the H12 ?18O record with meteorological data reveals that ?18O values reflect the amount of precipitation. The H12 ?18O time series shows distinct centennial- to decadal-scale changes in the amount of precipitation. The most striking feature of the H12 isotope profile is a series of severe droughts between A.D. 500 and A.D. 1000, the most severe perennial drought is centered at around A.D. 530. During this time South Arabia experienced a series of profound societal changes, such as the collapse of the Himyarite Kingdom which was the dominant state in Arabia. Our stalagmite ?18O time series from Northern Oman seems to support the hypothesis that the collapse of the 1500-year-old South Arabian civilizations and transition from the pre-Islamic to the Islamic era in the 6th and early 7th century A.D. may have been triggered by reoccurring severe droughts.

Fleitmann, D.; Mudelsee, M.; Bradley, R. S.; Burns, S. J.; Cheng, H.; Mangini, A.; Edwards, R.; Matter, A.

2010-12-01

479

Weighted concentration of sup 137 Cs equivalent in foodstuffs in Kuwait from June 1986 to December 1988  

SciTech Connect

The weighted monthly concentration of {sup 137}Cs equivalent (WMC) for various types of foodstuffs imported from June 1986 to December 1988 are discussed. The data presented are based on total concentration of {sup 137}Cs equivalent. The concentration was found below the disqualifying level applied in Kuwait. The radioactive contamination was higher in milk and baby milk relative to other types of foodstuffs. The calculation of Kuwait's disqualifying levels are based on the annual dose equivalent of 1 mSv (100 mrem). The measured WMC for most types of foodstuffs represents a small fraction to the annual dose limit recommended for the general public.

Bakir, Y.Y.; Sayed, A.M.; Salem, M.S.; Hussain, K.A. (Ministry of Public Health (Kuwait))

1990-06-01

480

Molecular analysis of Berardinelli-Seip congenital lipodystrophy in Oman: evidence for multiple loci.  

PubMed

Congenital generalized lipodystrophy (CGL) is a rare disorder characterized by the absence of body fat and insulin resistance and accompanied by other features, including acanthosis nigricans, organomegaly, hyperandrogenism, and diabetes. We have examined case subjects from 11 families in Oman with CGL. All subjects were the progeny of consanguineous marriages; therefore, a homozygosity mapping strategy was used to investigate the reported loci, 11q13 and 9q34. Three subjects could be linked to 11q13, and mutations were found within the seipin gene. An additional eight subjects were linked to 9q34, but the locus was in a 9-cM interval with no known microsatellites, so further fine mapping was not possible. However, two sibships (four subjects) did not map to either locus, raising the possibility of more than two lipodystrophy loci within the Oman population. PMID:11916958

Heathcote, Kirsten; Rajab, Anna; Magré, Jocelyne; Syrris, Petros; Besti, Mehran; Patton, Michael; Délépine, Marc; Lathrop, Mark; Capeau, Jacqueline; Jeffery, Steve

2002-04-01

481

Low-frequency variations in primary production in the Oman upwelling zone associated with monsoon winds  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Thirteen-year satellite-derived data are used to investigate the temporal variability of net primary production (NPP) in the Oman upwelling zone and its potential forcing mechanisms. The NPP in the Oman upwelling zone is characterized by an abnormal decrease during El Niño events. Such an NPP decrease may be related to El Niño-driven anomalous summertime weak wind. During the summer following El Niño, the anomalous northeasterly wind forced by southwest Indian Ocean warming weakens the southwest monsoon and warms the Arabian Sea. The abnormal wind weakens the coastal Ekman transport, offshore Ekman pumping and horizontal advection, resulting in reduced upward nutrient supply to the euphotic zone. A slightly declining trend in NPP after 2000 associated with a gradual decrease in surface monsoon winds is discussed.

Liao, Xiaomei; Zhan, Haigang; Wei, Xing

2012-11-01

482

Microbial consortia in Oman oil fields: a possible use in enhanced oil recovery.  

PubMed

Microbial enhanced oil recovery (MEOR) is one of the most economical and efficient methods for extending the life of production wells in a declining reservoir. Microbial consortia from Wafra oil wells and Suwaihat production water, Al-Wusta region, Oman were screened. Microbial consortia in brine samples were identified using denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis and 16S rRNA gene sequences. The detected microbial consortia of Wafra oil wells were completely different from microbial consortia of Suwaihat formation water. A total of 33 genera and 58 species were identified in Wafra oil wells and Suwaihat production water. All of the identified microbial genera were first reported in Oman, with Caminicella sporogenes for the first time reported from oil fields. Most of the identified microorganisms were found to be anaerobic, thermophilic, and halophilic, and produced biogases, biosolvants, and biosurfactants as by-products, which may be good candidates for MEOR. PMID:23314376

Al-Bahry, Saif N; Elshafie, Abdulkader E; Al-Wahaibi, Yahya M; Al-Bemani, Ali S; Joshi, Sanket J; Al-Maaini, Ratiba A; Al-Alawi, Wafa J; Sugai, Yuichi; Al-Mandhari, Mussalam

2013-01-01

483

The Nubian Complex of Dhofar, Oman: An African Middle Stone Age Industry in Southern Arabia  

PubMed Central

Despite the numerous studies proposing early human population expansions from Africa into Arabia during the Late Pleistocene, no archaeological sites have yet been discovered in Arabia that resemble a specific African industry, which would indicate demographic exchange across the Red Sea. Here we report the discovery of a buried site and more than 100 new surface scatters in the Dhofar region of Oman belonging to a regionally-specific African lithic industry - the late Nubian Complex - known previously only from the northeast and Horn of Africa during Marine Isotope Stage 5, ?128,000 to 74,000 years ago. Two optically stimulated luminescence age estimates from the open-air site of Aybut Al Auwal in Oman place the Arabian Nubian Complex at ?106,000 years ago, providing archaeological evidence for the presence of a distinct northeast African Middle Stone Age technocomplex in southern Arabia sometime in the first half of Marine Isotope Stage 5.

Rose, Jeffrey I.; Usik, Vitaly I.; Marks, Anthony E.; Hilbert, Yamandu H.; Galletti, Christopher S.; Parton, Ash; Geiling, Jean Marie; Cerny, Viktor; Morley, Mike W.; Roberts, Richard G.

2011-01-01

484

Health sciences libraries in Kuwait: a study of their resources, facilities, and services  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to examine the current status of health sciences libraries in Kuwait in terms of their staff, collections, facilities, use of information technology, information services, and cooperation. Seventeen libraries participated in the study. Results show that the majority of health sciences libraries were established during the 1980s. Their collections are relatively small. The majority of their staff is nonprofessional. The majority of libraries provide only basic information services. Cooperation among libraries is limited. Survey results also indicate that a significant number of health sciences libraries are not automated. Some recommendations for the improvement of existing resources, facilities, and services are made.

Al-Ansari, Husain A.; Al-Enezi, Sana

2001-01-01

485

An early onset form of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase deficiency: a report of a family from Kuwait.  

PubMed

Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase deficiency (MTHFR) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder. There have been 68 cases reported to date in the literature [Eur J Pediatr 1998;157 (Suppl 2):S77]. It affects intracellular folate metabolism and results in homocystinuria and hypomethionemia. We report a family in which three children (two boys and one girl) died before the age of 3 months with severe MTHFR deficiency. A fourth affected boy was treated with betaine and he improved clinically and biochemically. We demonstrate the unique dermatological and brain imaging features in a kindred from Kuwait. PMID:12142069

Al Tawari, Asma A; Ramadan, Dina G; Neubauer, David; Heberle, Lada Cindro; Al Awadi, Fatema

2002-08-01

486

Risk factors for multiple sclerosis in Kuwait: a population-based case-control study.  

PubMed

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic and progressively disabling inflammatory autoimmune disorder of the central nervous system. MS has a multifactorial etiology and is triggered by environmental factors in individuals with complex genetic risk profiles. The epidemiology of MS changes with the spatial and temporal distribution of these genetic and nongenetic risk factors. This population-based matched case-control study aimed to determine the risk factors for MS in Kuwait. From May 2 to 9, 2010, we enrolled 101 confirmed MS cases using the list frame maintained by the Multiple Sclerosis Association of Kuwait. For each case, two population controls individually matched for age (±2 years), gender and nationality were selected. Data on demographic, socioeconomic variables, potential genetic and environmental factors were collected using a structured questionnaire. For a case, the questions were directed to the period that preceded the recognition of the disease, while for each of the two matched controls, a date of 'pseudodiagnosis' of MS was established, i.e. the date on which the control subject was of the same age as his/her matched case was at MS diagnosis and accordingly questions were directed to the preceding period. The multivariable conditional logistic regression model showed that compared with controls, the cases were significantly more likely to have a family history of MS [matched odds ratio (OR)(adj) = 6.7; 95% confidence interval (95% CI): 2.5-18.0; p < 0.001] or have suffered from a head trauma in the past before MS diagnosis (matched OR(adj) = 2.6; 95% CI: 1.2-5.5; p = 0.014). Furthermore, compared with controls, cases were significantly more likely to have stayed in Kuwait during the Iraqi invasion of 1990 (matched OR(adj) = 1.8; 95% CI: 1.1-3.5; p = 0.022). This study showed that a family history of MS, a history of head injury, and presence in Kuwait at the time of the Iraqi invasion of 1990 were associated with a significantly increased MS risk. Future retrospective cohort studies by using existing biological and epidemiological databases may provide a clue to MS etiology. PMID:23075770

Al-Afasy, Hanan H; Al-Obaidan, Mohammed A; Al-Ansari, Yousef A; Al-Yatama, Sarah A; Al-Rukaibi, Mohammed S; Makki, Nourah I; Suresh, Anita; Akhtar, Saeed

2012-10-11

487

Epidemiology of primary brain tumors in childhood and adolescence in Kuwait.  

PubMed

The relatively high frequency of primary brain tumors (PBT) observed in childhood and adolescence in Kuwait has necessitated this epidemiological study. It is based on the records of the Department of Pathology, Al-Sabah Hospital, which examined all brain tumor biopsies done in this age group in Kuwait between 1995 and 2011. During this period, 75 boys (49%) boys and 77 (51%) girls had histologically confirmed PBT. They comprised 122 children (0-14 years) and 30 adolescents (15-19 years). The boys/girls ratio was 1.03 in childhood and 0.76 in adolescence. The age-adjusted incidence rate was 11.2/ million person-years. Early childhood (0-4 years) had the peak frequency of tumors (33%), highest adjusted age-specific incidence rate (3.8/million person-years) of all tumors and the least boys/girls rates ratio (0.38) for astrocytic tumors. Low grade and high grade tumors peaked in 5-9 and 0-4 years respectively. Risk factors (hereditary syndromes or previous radio-therapy) were identified in three patients. Three (2%) tumors were congenital. High grade tumors comprised 47% of childhood and 23% of adolescence PBT. The most common tumors in childhood were astrocytoma (37%), embryonal tumors (31%), ependymoma (8%), and in adolescence astrocytoma (27%), pituitary adenoma (23%) and glioblastoma (13%). Embryonal tumors formed 44% of PBT in early childhood. Gliomas constituted 54% and 43% of all PBT, but 25% and 57% of high grade tumors in childhood and adolescence respectively. Most common tumor locations were cerebellum (47%), ventricles (19%) and cerebral lobes (17%) in childhood and pituitary (30%), cerebellum (27%) and 13% each for cerebral lobes and ventricles in adolescence. Approximately 57% of childhood and 23% of adolescence PBT were infratentorial. In conclusion, despite the high relative frequency of PBT before the age of 20 years in Kuwait, its incidence rate is apparently low. Compared with Western countries, Kuwait has a lower incidence of malignant gliomas, but a higher frequency of cerebellar and intraventricular tumors. Embryonal tumors are remarkably common in early childhood. PMID:23519270

Katchy, Kenneth Chukwuka; Alexander, Susan; Al-Nashmi, Nabila Mohammed; Al-Ramadan, Abbas

2013-02-18

488

Novel dominant ?-thalassemia: Hb Boston-Kuwait [codon 139/140(+T)].  

PubMed

Dominant ?-thalassemias exhibit a hybrid phenotype of unstable hemoglobin and ineffective erythropoiesis. Most arise from heterozygous ?-globin gene mutations in exons 3 or 2 and present in adulthood as thalassemia intermedia. We report a novel, de novo ?-globin mutation presenting in a toddler with features of thalassemia major and chromaturia. Hemoglobin Boston-Kuwait is an elongated ?-chain variant (163 amino acids) that results from a frameshift mutation caused by a thymidine insertion in codons 139/140. Hematopoietic stem cell transplant provided a successful alternative therapy for this severe form of dominant ?-thalassemia. PMID:23776097

Croteau, Stacy E; Luo, Hong-Yuan; Lehmann, Leslie E; Chui, David H K; Neufeld, Ellis J

2013-06-15

489

Frequencies of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma subtypes in Kuwait: comparisons between different ethnic groups  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a wide variation in the prevalence of various subtypes of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma worldwide. The aim of this study\\u000a was to determine the relative frequency of different subtypes of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma in Kuwait based on the Revised European–American\\u000a Lymphoma (REAL) classification. From 1998 to 2006, 738 subjects were included that were registered with non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma\\u000a in the population-based cancer

Reem Ameen; Kamlesh P. Sajnani; Amani Albassami; Samar Refaat

2010-01-01

490

Practice, awareness and opinion of pharmacists toward disposal of unwanted medications in Kuwait  

PubMed Central

Background The disposal of unwanted medications has been a concern in many countries, as pharmaceutical waste enters the ecosystem, ultimately having an effect on human health and environment. Earlier studies in Kuwait found that the method of disposal by the public was by disposing in the garbage or by flushing down the drain. In accordance with patient preference and environment safety, it would be appropriate to use local government pharmacies as collection points for proper disposal. Objective To determine the practice of pharmacists, working in government healthcare sectors, with regard to disposal of returned unwanted medications by the public. This study also aims to assess pharmacists’ awareness toward the impact of improper disposal on the environment and to investigate whether pharmacists agree to have their pharmacies as collection points for future take-back programs. Method A random sample of 144 pharmacists from the six main governmental hospitals and 12 specialized polyclinics in Kuwait, completed a self-administered questionnaire about their practice of disposal, awareness and opinion on using pharmacies as collection points for proper disposal of UMs. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Results A total of 144 pharmacists completed the survey. Throwing UMs in the trash was the main method of disposal by majority of the respondents (73%). Only 23 pharmacists disposed UMs according to the guidelines of Ministry of Health, Kuwait (MOH). However, about 82% are aware that improper disposal causes damage to the environment and 97% agree that it is their responsibility to protect the environment. About 86–88% of the pharmacists agree to have government hospital pharmacies and polyclinics as collection points for future take-back programs. Conclusion Even though the current practice of disposal by majority of pharmacists is inappropriate, they are aware of the damage and acknowledge their responsibilities toward environment protection. Concerned authorities should monitor and implement proper disposal guidelines in all pharmacies. Majority of pharmacists support the idea of having the government pharmacies as collection points for safe disposal of UMs in Kuwait.

Abahussain, Eman; Waheedi, Mohammad; Koshy, Samuel

2012-01-01

491

Heat Budget of the Coastal Water of Kuwait: a Preliminary Study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The surface heat fluxes through the air-sea interface for the coastal water of Kuwait have been estimated using the bulk formulas. The annual mean values of sensible, latent and infrared radiation fluxes are 19, -153 and -50 W m -2 respectively. The annual mean of recorded solar radiations is 212 W m -2, thus, giving an annual heat flux surplus of 28 W m -2. This suggests that the north-western region of the Arabian Gulf is an area of net heating of the surface water column, in contrast to the Gulf as a whole, where there is a net cooling of the surface water.

Sultan, S. A. R.; Ahmad, F.

1994-03-01

492

Extinction of Cloudina and Namacalathus at the Precambrian-Cambrian boundary in Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

Biostratigraphic, carbon isotope, and U-Pb zircon geochronological data from the Ara Group of Oman indicate an abrupt last appearance of Cloudina and Namacalathus coincident with a large-magnitude, but short-lived negative excursion in the carbon isotope composition of seawater that is globally coincident with the Precambrian-Cambrian boundary. U-Pb zircon age data from an intercalated ash bed directly define this negative excursion

Joachim E. Amthor; John P. Grotzinger; Stefan Schröder; Samuel A. Bowring; Jahandar Ramezani; Mark W. Martin; Albert Matter

2003-01-01

493

Speleothem evidence from Oman for continental pluvial events during interglacial periods  

Microsoft Academic Search

Growth periods and stable isotope analyses of speleothems from Hoti Cave in northern Oman provide a record of continental pluvial periods extending back over the past four of Earth's glacial-interglacial cycles. Rapid speleothem growth occurred during the early to middle Holocene (6 10.5 ka B.P.), 78 82 ka B.P., 120 135 ka B.P., 180 200 ka B.P., and 300 325

Stephen J. Burns; Dominik Fleitmann; Albert Matter; Ulrich Neff; Augusto Mangini

2001-01-01