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1

UAE, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar Carnegie Mellon University  

E-print Network

;Healthcare Benefits International/ In Network US Out of Network US Hospital Charges Nursing, accommodation Paid in Full 80% Radiotherapy, Chemotherapy, Oncology Paid in Full 80% Maternity (Inpatient Care/ Routine Immunizations/ Cancer Screenings Paid in Full Paid in Full Oncology treatment

2

Patterns of state building in the Arabian Gulf: Kuwait and Qatar  

SciTech Connect

In the past few decades Kuwait and Qatar have experienced a radial but apparently smoothly transition from protectorate poverty to petroleum prosperity. Rapid economic and social changes have been accompanied by remarkable political continuity at the apex of their systems. This thesis examines this apparent continuity in ruling regimes. Oil revenues, it argues, preserved continuity only at the very apex of the political system. This continuity was accompanied by the breakdown of the historical ruling coalition binding the amirs and the trading families and its replacement by a new, but ultimately precarious, set of coalitions: first, between the amir and the national population, through social services and direct transfers; second, between the amir and the ruling family, whose political role expanded. These changes were the result of oil: by freeing rulers from the need to extract resources from the population, oil freed them from their historical economic hence political dependence on the merchants, the group which had historically pressed its claims most effectively on the state. Instead a tacit deal developed between the amirs and the trading families: a trade of wealth for formal power. Finally, the thesis argues that these new arrangements are only transitional adaptations. Distributive policies designed to ensure domestic peace have inadvertantly created relatively large and complex state administrations, or distributive states.

Crystal, J.

1986-01-01

3

Situation Report--Argentina, Colombia, Cyprus, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libyan Arab Republic, Oman, Syrian Arab Republic, and Uruguay.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data relating to pupulation and family planning in nine foreign countries are presented in these situation reports. Countries included are Argentina, Colombia, Cyprus, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libyan Arab Republic, Oman, Syrian Arab Republic, and Uruguay. Information is provided under two topics, general background and family planning situation, where…

International Planned Parenthood Federation, London (England).

4

Labor, nationalism, and imperialism in eastern Arabia: Britain, the Shaikhs, and the Gulf oil workers in Bahrain, Kuwait and Qatar, 1932-1956  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the lack of a noticeable indigenous labor movement in the contemporary Gulf Arab countries of Bahrain, Kuwait and Qatar; it focuses on the emergence, after the discovery of oil, of an industrial Gulf labor force, and on the evolution of the British policy towards oil and Gulf oil workers. The period examined begins with the discovery of

Saleh; H. M. A

1991-01-01

5

Qatar.  

PubMed

Qatar is an oil-exporting Arab country that juts out from the north coast of Saudi Arabia into the Persian Gulf. Fewer than half of the 320,000 population are Arabs, however, most are Pakistani, Indian, Iranian and Egyptian foreign workers. Education is compulsory to age 16, and 60% are literate. Oil and refined petroleum products account for the $2 billion trade surplus, amounting to a $27,000 annual per capita income. The government is centralized and run by consensus under the Amir, head of the Al Thani, or ruling family. Political parties are banned. Qatar is evolving from a traditional to a modern welfare state. PMID:12177955

1987-11-01

6

Facing Human Capital Challenges of the 21st Century: Education and Labor Market Initiatives in Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Countries in the Arab region are faced with the challenge of developing their populations' skills and technical knowledge, or human capital, in order to compete in the 21st century global economy. The authors describe the education and labor market initiatives implemented or under way in four countries in the Arab region -- Lebanon, Oman, Qatar,…

Gonzalez, Gabriella; Karoly, Lynn A.; Constant, Louay; Salem, Hanine; Goldman, Charles A.

2008-01-01

7

A Review of Regulation, Opportunity and Risk in Gulf Cooperation Council Stock Markets the Case of Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, and the Sultanate of Oman. Together, these countries constitute the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC). Much has been written about Gulf Cooperation Council stock markets. This Study sheds more light on the practical aspect of the matter. During 2004 and 2005 all stock indexes in most GCC countries increased over 50 percent

Naser I. Abumustafa

8

[Kuwait].  

PubMed

The capital of Kuwait is Kuwait City. As of 1995, Kuwait had a population of 1.8 million governed by a monarchy endowed with a parliament regime. 1994 gross national product and per capita income were, respectively, $25.14 billion and $14,360. Per capita income declined by 1.3% per year over the period 1985-94. In 1994, Kuwait owed $17.24 billion. For the same year, Kuwait exported $10.8 billion in goods and services and imported $6.6 billion. As of 1995, the population was growing in size by 3.2% annually. In 1992-93, life expectancy at birth was 74.9 years, the infant mortality rate was 18 per 1000 births, 100% had access to health services, and 100% had access to drinkable water. Other data are presented on the country's topography, climate and vegetation, demographics, principal cities, population distribution, religions, political structure, economics and finances, foreign commerce, and transportation and communications. PMID:12347066

9

Labor, nationalism, and imperialism in eastern Arabia: Britain, the Shaikhs, and the Gulf oil workers in Bahrain, Kuwait and Qatar, 1932-1956  

SciTech Connect

This study examines the lack of a noticeable indigenous labor movement in the contemporary Gulf Arab countries of Bahrain, Kuwait and Qatar; it focuses on the emergence, after the discovery of oil, of an industrial Gulf labor force, and on the evolution of the British policy towards oil and Gulf oil workers. The period examined begins with the discovery of oil in Bahrain in 1932 (the first such discovery on the Arab side of the Gulf), and ends with the Suez Crisis of 1956. The latter is a watershed event in Gulf history. It is argued that the Suez Crisis was in large part responsible for the long-term defeat of the indigenous labor movement in the Gulf. Attention is given to the parts played by the British Government of India, the Foreign Office, the local Shaikhs, the Gulf nationalists, and by the workers themselves. Policies towards workers passed through two different periods. In the first, 1932-1945, the Government of India had no direct interest in the Gulf labor situation; in the second, 1946-1956, the Foreign Office took increased interest in the welfare of local oil workers, primarily because of the importance of oil to reconstruction of the British economy after the war. However, the Suez Crisis in 1956 convinced the British to withdraw their support for the workers.

Saleh, H.M.A.

1991-01-01

10

Evaluation of clinical pharmacy services offered for palliative care patients in Qatar.  

PubMed

Palliative care is an emerging concept in the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council, a political and economic union of Arab states bordering the Persian Gulf, namely Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. Clinical pharmacy services have not yet been evaluated in this region. The objectives of this study were to create a baseline inventory of clinical pharmacy interventions in palliative care and to assess the perceived importance of interventions made. This was a prospective, single-center characterization study. Interventions were documented from September 30 to December 1, 2013. They were characterized into predetermined categories and analyzed using descriptive statistics. Physician acceptance rate and intervention rate per patient were calculated. Classification categories were sent to 10 practicing pharmacists in each of Qatar and Canada, who ranked the categories on the basis of perceived importance. A total of 96 interventions were documented, giving 3 interventions per patient and an acceptance rate of 81%. Discontinuing therapy (29%), initiating therapy (25%), and provision of education/counseling (13.5%) were most common. No differences were found between rankings from pharmacists in Qatar or Canada. Clinical pharmacy interventions are frequent, and those relating to alterations in drug therapy are most common. Interventions align with the perceived importance from pharmacists in both Qatar and Canada. PMID:25076019

Wilby, Kyle John; Mohamad, Alaa Adil; AlYafei, Sumaya AlSaadi

2014-09-01

11

NETHERLANDS SWITZERLAND  

E-print Network

TAJIKISTAN KUWAIT BAHRAIN SAUDI ARABIA QATAR U.A.E. SYRIA IRAN OMAN YEMEN INDIA PAKISTAN AFGHANISTAN NEPAL AZERBAIJAN GEORGIA KYRGYZSTAN TAJIKISTAN KUWAIT BAHRAIN SAUDI ARABIA QATAR U.A.E. SYRIA IRAN OMAN YEMEN INDIA

12

75 FR 62923 - WRC-07 Table Clean-up Order  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Oman, the Dem. Rep. of the Congo, Rwanda...Morocco, Mauritania, New Zealand, Oman, Papua New Guinea, Qatar, the Syrian...Jordan, Kuwait, Morocco, Mauritania, Oman, Qatar, the Syrian Arab Republic,...

2010-10-13

13

Demersal Fisheries of the Arabian Sea, the Gulf of Oman and the Arabian Gulf  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The demersal fisheries of the Arabian Sea, the Gulf of Oman and the Arabian Gulf are reviewed. The region comprises eight countries: Oman, United Arab Emirates (U.A.E.), Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Kuwait, Iraq and Iran. Over 350 commercial fish species, eight shrimp species, two spiny lobster species, one shovel nose lobster species, one cuttlefish species, one crab species, and one abalone species support the demersal fisheries in the continental shelves of the three regions. Artisanal and industrial vessels with over 120 000 fishermen were involved in demersal fisheries. Fishing boats include fish and shrimp trawlers (wooden and steel hulled), large wooden boats (dhow) with inboard engines, small dhows with outboard engines, and fibreglass boats. Fishing gear consists of trawls, bottom gill nets, traps (wire mesh and plastic types), barrier traps, hand lines, and bare hands and knives (to dislodge abalone). Demersal fish (primarily Lethrinidae, Sparidae, Serranidae, Siganidae, Sciaenidae, Stromateidae, Lutjanidae, Trichiuridae, and Nemipteridae) and shrimp (primarily Penaeus semisulcatus, Metapenaeus affinis, Parapenaeopsis stylifera, and Penaeus merguiensis) were the two commercial demersal resources. Approximately 198 000-214 000 tonnes (t) of demersals were landed annually during 1988-1993, accounting for nearly 40% of the total marine landings (475 000-552 000 t). This percentage, however varied among countries: 25% in Oman, 32% in U.A.E., 71% in Qatar, 52% in Saudi Arabia, 56% in Bahrain, 55% in Kuwait, close to 100% in Iraq, and 41% in Iran. Fishing effort on certain stocks may have been below the optimum level (e.g. certain Omani demersal fish), near the optimum level (e.g. Omani shrimp), or above the optimum level (e.g. Arabian Gulf shrimp and demersal fish). Overexploitation led to restriction of fishing effort by limiting fishing licences, regulating fishing gear (mesh size) and capture size, closing fishing areas, restricting fishing season, and banning certain fisheries. However, fisheries management was hampered by lack of appropriate management regulations, enforcement and data on most stocks. Pollution and degradation of nursery areas were also affecting the productivity of fisheries resources. To achieve sustainable demersal fisheries, maintaining a healthy marine environment, reducing fishing effort, and strictly enforcing closed seasons and closed areas are needed. These measures are being implemented with varying degrees of success by all the countries.

Siddeek, M. S. M.; Fouda, M. M.; Hermosa, G. V.

1999-08-01

14

Tackling cancer burden in the Middle East: Qatar as an example.  

PubMed

Cancer prevalence is increasing in the Middle East, partly because of increased life expectancy and adoption of western lifestyle habits. Suboptimum delivery of health care also contributes to late diagnosis and poor survival of people with cancer. Public awareness of cancer risk is frequently low and misconceptions high, thereby preventing patients from seeking treatment early and constituting a substantial barrier to improvement of cancer outcomes. Screening programmes might have low uptake in Arab populations because of social and health beliefs about cancer. This review outlines the opportunities available to Middle Eastern countries and their emerging economies to learn from global experiences in cancer care, service provision, and research partnerships. The Middle East has begun to develop several health-care transformation programmes. Qatar, in particular, has published a National Health Strategy, in which cancer is one of the main commitments; this Strategy provides the focus of this review. The development of effective health-care strategies and evidence-based medicine directly linked to innovative cancer research is needed to improve cancer care. Although the full extent of the proposed solutions are not necessarily implementable in all Middle Eastern countries, wealthy states can lead derivation of population-specific approaches that could have effects throughout the region. Key challenges are outlined-namely, human capacity and training, subspecialisation of services, building on international cancer research initiatives, and the need for earlier diagnosis and awareness in the population. Countries in the Gulf Region (ie, countries bordering the Persian Gulf, including Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Qatar, UAE, and Oman) need to address these challenges to be at the forefront of integrated cancer care and research and ensure that the latest innovations and best possible care are delivered to their populations. PMID:23084766

Brown, Robert; Kerr, Karen; Haoudi, Abdelali; Darzi, Ara

2012-11-01

15

Saudi Arabia Afghanistan  

E-print Network

India Iran Saudi Arabia Pakistan Yemen Iraq Oman Somalia Afghanistan Ethiopia United Arab Emirates Oman China Turkmenistan Turkey Tajikistan United Arab Emirates Kuwait Qatar Uzbekistan Eritrea Bahrain 02858 00707 #12;Iran Saudi Arabia Oman Pakistan AfghanistanIraq Yemen United Arab Emirates Kuwait Qatar

Russell, Lynn

16

9 CFR 93.301 - General prohibitions; exceptions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Kuwait, Laos, Lesotho, Liberia, Macau, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nigeria, Oman, Pacific Islands (Palau), Papua New Guinea, Paracel Islands, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda, Saudi...

2012-01-01

17

9 CFR 93.505 - Certificate for swine.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Kuwait, Laos, Lesotho, Liberia, Macau, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nigeria, Oman, Pacific Islands (Palau), Papua New Guinea, Paracel Islands, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda,...

2012-01-01

18

9 CFR 93.405 - Health certificate for ruminants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Kuwait, Laos, Lesotho, Liberia, Macau, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nigeria, Oman, Pacific Islands (Palau), Papua New Guinea, Paracel Islands, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda,...

2012-01-01

19

9 CFR 93.301 - General prohibitions; exceptions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Kuwait, Laos, Lesotho, Liberia, Macau, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nigeria, Oman, Pacific Islands (Palau), Papua New Guinea, Paracel Islands, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda, Saudi...

2010-01-01

20

9 CFR 93.505 - Certificate for swine.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Kuwait, Laos, Lesotho, Liberia, Macau, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nigeria, Oman, Pacific Islands (Palau), Papua New Guinea, Paracel Islands, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda,...

2010-01-01

21

9 CFR 93.405 - Health certificate for ruminants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Kuwait, Laos, Lesotho, Liberia, Macau, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nigeria, Oman, Pacific Islands (Palau), Papua New Guinea, Paracel Islands, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda,...

2010-01-01

22

9 CFR 93.505 - Certificate for swine.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Kuwait, Laos, Lesotho, Liberia, Macau, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nigeria, Oman, Pacific Islands (Palau), Papua New Guinea, Paracel Islands, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda,...

2011-01-01

23

9 CFR 93.600 - Importation of dogs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Kuwait, Laos, Lesotho, Liberia, Macau, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nigeria, Oman, Pacific Islands (Palau), Papua New Guinea, Paracel Islands, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda,...

2010-01-01

24

9 CFR 93.600 - Importation of dogs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Kuwait, Laos, Lesotho, Liberia, Macau, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nigeria, Oman, Pacific Islands (Palau), Papua New Guinea, Paracel Islands, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda,...

2011-01-01

25

9 CFR 93.600 - Importation of dogs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Kuwait, Laos, Lesotho, Liberia, Macau, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nigeria, Oman, Pacific Islands (Palau), Papua New Guinea, Paracel Islands, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda,...

2012-01-01

26

9 CFR 93.301 - General prohibitions; exceptions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Kuwait, Laos, Lesotho, Liberia, Macau, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nigeria, Oman, Pacific Islands (Palau), Papua New Guinea, Paracel Islands, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda, Saudi...

2011-01-01

27

9 CFR 93.405 - Health certificate for ruminants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Kuwait, Laos, Lesotho, Liberia, Macau, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nigeria, Oman, Pacific Islands (Palau), Papua New Guinea, Paracel Islands, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda,...

2011-01-01

28

Education in Qatar.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education in the State of Qatar was traditionally limited to the "orthography of the Arabic language." In 1952 Qatar had one elementary school for boys with 240 pupils and 6 teachers. By 1955, an elementary school for girls (n=50) was established. In 1980-81, schooling increased to 71 schools for boys with 20,588 students and 70 schools for girls…

Saif, Philip S.; Kamal, Abdulaziz

29

Mathematics Achievement Scale Score  

E-print Network

Saudi Arabia 410 Oman 385 Tunisia 359 Kuwait 342 Morocco 335 Yemen 248 Country Average Scale Score Sixth 438 Saudi Arabia 429 United Arab Emirates 428 Armenia 416 Qatar 394 Oman 377 Kuwait 347 Tunisia 346 Indonesia 386 Syrian Arab Republic 380 Morocco 371 Oman 366 Ghana 331 #12;Country Average Scale Score Ninth

Huang, Jianyu

30

Kuwait - Averting financial crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

On August 8, 1982 a leaflet was distributed in the Suq Al Manakh building and in the basement of Commercial Center No. 5, the offices of the parallel stock market and the Kuwait Stock Exchange. The leaflet carried the names of most of the dealers in the stock market and it declared a one month moratorium on all payments of

Fawzi H. Al-Sultan

1989-01-01

31

The Qatar Exoplanet Survey  

E-print Network

The Qatar Exoplanet Survey (QES) is discovering hot Jupiters and aims to discover hot Saturns and hot Neptunes that transit in front of relatively bright host stars. QES currently operates a robotic wide-angle camera system to identify promising transiting exoplanet candidates among which are the confirmed exoplanets Qatar 1b and 2b. This paper describes the first generation QES instrument, observing strategy, data reduction techniques, and follow-up procedures. The QES cameras in New Mexico complement the SuperWASP cameras in the Canary Islands and South Africa, and we have developed tools to enable the QES images and light curves to be archived and analysed using the same methods developed for the SuperWASP datasets. With its larger aperture, finer pixel scale, and comparable field of view, and with plans to deploy similar systems at two further sites, the QES, in collaboration with SuperWASP, should help to speed the discovery of smaller radius planets transiting bright stars in northern skies.

Alsubai, K A; Bramich, D M; Horne, K; Cameron, A Collier; West, R G; Sorensen, P M; Pollacco, D; Smith, J C; Fors, O

2014-01-01

32

The Qatar Exoplanet Survey  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Qatar Exoplanet Survey (QES) is discovering hot Jupiters and aims to discover hot Saturns and hot Neptunes that transit in front of relatively bright host stars. QES currently operates a robotic wide-angle camera system to identify promising transiting exoplanet candidates among which are the confirmed exoplanets Qatar 1b and 2b. This paper describes the first generation QES instrument, observing strategy, data reduction techniques, and follow-up procedures. The QES cameras in New Mexico complement the SuperWASP cameras in the Canary Islands and South Africa, and we have developed tools to enable the QES images and light curves to be archived and analysed using the same methods developed for the SuperWASP datasets. With its larger aperture, finer pixel scale, and comparable field of view, and with plans to deploy similar systems at two further sites, the QES, in collaboration with SuperWASP, should help to speed the discovery of smaller radius planets transiting bright stars in northern skies.

Alsubai, K. A.; Parley, N. R.; Bramich, D. M.; Horne, K.; Collier Cameron, A.; West, R. G.; Sorensen, P. M.; Pollacco, D.; Smith, J. C.; Fors, O.

2013-12-01

33

Electricity in Oman  

SciTech Connect

This presentation examines the development of the power generation and transmission capacity of the power system of Oman. The topics of the presentation include economic development of Oman; growth of the electricity sector including capacity generation, transmission and distribution and load characteristics; involvement of the private sector; power interconnections and exchanges; privatization; and training.

Dawood, A.A.

1994-12-01

34

Water Conservation in Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

Limited resources and growing needs for water have triggered a nationwide campaign for water conservation in the Sultanate of Oman. A land and soil survey study of Oman shows the availability of more arable land than present water resources could support. Groundwater is the main source for agricultural production. Overpumping at rates higher than the natural recharge has resulted in

Hayder A. Abdel-Rahman; Isam Mohammed Abdel-Magid

1993-01-01

35

Kuwait: World Oil Report 1991  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports that the major event in Kuwait today is the ongoing effort to control blowouts stemming from Iraqi demolition of oil wells and producing facilities last February. A total of 732 wells---about two- thirds of all wells in Kuwait---were blown up. All but 80 caught on fire.

Not Available

1991-08-01

36

The furniture industry in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates are definitely net furniture importers. Their economies can rely on huge oil and gas reserves and feature fast growing construction sectors, with great prospects of profits for furniture exporters, both in the low and high end markets. This report offers a comprehensive picture of the furniture sector in Kuwait, providing trends in

Alessandra Tracogna; Giovanni Barbiano di Belgiojoso; Davide Tunesi

2008-01-01

37

An overview of transport in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Kuwait is a relatively small country located at the top of the Arabian Gulf with population in 1980 amounting to 1.355 millions. Kuwait occupies an area of approximately 17 800 square kilometres. Kuwait's main source of national income is oil export. Income from oil export and other sources has resulted in Kuwait having the highest per capita income in the

Galal M. Said

1982-01-01

38

Minerals Yearbook, 1988. The mineral industries of the Arabian Peninsula and Persian Gulf countries. International review  

SciTech Connect

The document contains commodity reviews (metals, mineral fuels, industrial minerals where applicable) for the following countries: Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, People's Democratic Republic of Yeman, and Yeman Arab Republic.

Michalski, B.; Antonides, L.E.; Morgan, G.A.

1988-01-01

39

31 CFR 500.322 - Authorized trade territory; member of the authorized trade territory.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Bhutan, Burma, Hong Kong, India, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Japan, Jordan, Kuwait, Laos, Lebanon, Macao, Malaysia, Nepal, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Korea, Sri Lanka (Ceylon), Syrian Arab Republic, Taiwan,...

2010-07-01

40

78 FR 14238 - Determination of Group Eligibility for MBDA Assistance  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...are not limited to: Algeria, Bahrain, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Somalia, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, and Yemen.\\8\\ The Petition included...

2013-03-05

41

NONLINEARITY AND MARKET EFFICIENCY IN GCC STOCK MARKETS  

E-print Network

): Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE), using three robust and highly regarded nonlinearity tests. In addition, the Efficient Market Hypothesis (EMH) was tested in this dissertation for the GCC stock markets using...

Alharbi, Abdullah M. H.

2009-07-31

42

Trisomy 18 in Kuwait.  

PubMed

This paper describes associated factors of trisomy 18 (T18) or Edwards' syndrome among infants in Kuwait. A case control study of 131 normal newborn controls was undertaken. The study included information about gender, maternal age, paternal age, birth order, reproductive history, consanguinity, survival, and associated anomalies. Results showed a preponderance of females among T18 cases (female/male ratio, 2.1:1). The difference between the T18-case mothers and the control-group mothers was statistically significant (P = 0.002); however, there was no significant difference with regard to paternal age. The logistic regression analysis showed that the odds ratio for 2 abortions with reference to (0/1) abortion was 1.086, which is statistically significant as a risk for T18. The majority of children with T18 died before the second week of life. With regard to malformations, the most common associated anomalies were congenital heart and gastrointestinal abnormalities. Thus, the prevalence of T18 is high in Kuwait, with advanced maternal age as a significant risk factor. PMID:10480700

Naguib, K K; Al-Awadi, S A; Moussa, M A; Bastaki, L; Gouda, S; Redha, M A; Mustafa, F; Tayel, S M; Abulhassan, S A; Murthy, D S

1999-08-01

43

Asian women workers in Kuwait.  

PubMed

The author examines trends in the roles of immigrant Asian women workers in Kuwait, using data from published censuses and reports and from three national-level surveys conducted in 1977-1979, 1983, and 1986-1987. "The study deals separately with the two major types of migrants: the domestic servants and the clerical and professional (or semiprofessional) workers.... The policies of sending countries and of Kuwait are discussed to reach some conclusions about the likely future patterns of migration of Asian women workers to Kuwait." PMID:12284362

Shah, N M; Al-qudsi, S S; Shah, M A

1991-01-01

44

Imported malaria in Kuwait.  

PubMed

The number of imported malaria cases in Kuwait rose from 87 in 1980 to 504 in 1983, an increase of 579%. The continued resurgence of malaria in endemic zones, improved diagnostic techniques and a heightened awareness of imported malaria have contributed to the increase in the number of microscopically proved cases. Thick blood films fixed in acetone and stained in Giemsa proved a rapid method of diagnosis; species identification on the basis of a thin film on the same slide was performed with ease. Malaria was acquired in 38 countries. Most patients were young male adults. Most of the cases were due to Plasmodium vivax originating from India, although an increasing number of P. falciparum cases are also now being diagnosed from there. P. falciparum infections were evenly distributed throughout the year and most cases presented within 14 days of their arrival in the country. The highest number of P. vivax cases were diagnosed between May and October, when heat stress might have been a factor in precipitating a clinical attack of an infection previously acquired in the endemic zone. Attention is drawn to the importance of delayed attacks of P. vivax and, in semi-immunes, of P. falciparum. The time interval involved in establishing a history of "recent" travel in clinically suspected cases of malaria needs to be more clearly defined in each geographical area. Cases of induced malaria due to transfusion, accidental and congenital infections were identified. The fatality rate due to P. falciparum infections was low. In terms of the risk of renewed transmission, Kuwait may be considered a vulnerable area. PMID:3898482

Hira, P R; Behbehani, K; Al-Kandari, S

1985-01-01

45

REPLY TO COMMENT OMAN CHRONOSTRATIGRAPHY  

E-print Network

REPLY TO COMMENT OMAN CHRONOSTRATIGRAPHY (Reply to comment by Erwan Le Guerroue´, Ruben Rieu Huqf Supergroup, Sultanate of Oman", American Journal of Science, v. 307, p. 1097­1145) SAMUEL A´ and others (this issue) highlight several questions regarding the Neoproterozoic stratigraphy of Oman

Grotzinger, John P.

46

Wind power potential in Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

Solar energy and wind are likely to play an important role in the future energy generation in Oman. This article assesses wind power cost per kWh of energy produced using four types of wind machines at 27 locations within Oman. These sites cover all regions in Oman. Hourly values of wind speed recorded between 2000 and 2009, in most cases,

A. H. Al-Badi

2011-01-01

47

Total Emissions from Flaring in Kuwait Oilfields  

Microsoft Academic Search

Kuwait is a major oil producing country and its economy directly depends on its export of crude and refined products. Kuwait Oil Company (KOC) is responsible for all exploration and production of crude oil in Kuwait. These activities result in the emission of gaseous pollutants to the atmosphere, particularly from the flaring of undesirable product and excess gases. For environmental

A. R. Khan

2008-01-01

48

Hepatoblastomas in Oman  

PubMed Central

Objectives: Primary malignant liver tumours account for more than 1% of all paediatric malignancies, with the most common form being hepatoblastomas (HB). Such malignancies among Arab populations have rarely been addressed in the literature. Using data from Oman’s sole national referral centre for childhood solid malignancies, this study aimed to present the nationwide Omani experience with HB over the past 21 years. Methods: This retrospective study reviewed the medical records of all children with HB who were managed in the Royal Hospital, Muscat, Oman, between January 1991 and April 2012. Clinical, radiological and laboratory characteristics were examined as well as treatments and outcomes. Results: During the study period, 15 patients with HB were treated. Of these, 10 have survived to date. Nine of the survivors were no longer receiving treatment and one patient still had the disease but was in a stable condition. Of the remaining five patients, three did not survive and two were lost to follow-up. The survival rate among patients who completed therapy was 91%. Conclusion: HB has an excellent prognosis in Oman. The main obstacle to improving outcomes among Omani patients is non-compliance with therapy.

Rabah, Fatma; El-Banna, Nagwa; Bhuyan, Dipali; Al-Ghaithi, Ibrahim; Al-Hinai, Mohamed; Al-Sabahi, Amal; Al-Mashaikhi, Nawal; Beshlawi, Ismail

2015-01-01

49

Water demand management in Kuwait  

E-print Network

Kuwait is an arid country located in the Middle East, with limited access to water resources. Yet water demand per capita is much higher than in other countries in the world, estimated to be around 450 L/capita/day. There ...

Milutinovic, Milan, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2006-01-01

50

Qatar Peninsula, United Arab Emirates, Persian Gulf  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In this view of the Qatar Peninsula, United Arab Emirates, Persian Gulf, (25.0N, 51.0E) a large oil spill, seen as a large dark toned mass in the water covers much of the surface of the western Persian Gulf. Qatar is one of several of the oil rich United Arab Emirate states. Oil spills and oil pollution of the environment are common occurrances associated with oil tanker loading operations.

1983-01-01

51

Oil, development, and the environment in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

As Kuwait transforms itself into a modern industrial economy, the nation faces a number of environmental challenges. With rapid modernization and dramatic increases in population come threats to Kuwait's desert and coastal ecosystems. In the past 15 years both government agencies and private organizations have been formed to develop environmental strategies, promote conservation, combat pollution, and improve the public's environmental

Shuaib

1988-01-01

52

Kuwait Energy Profile for Electrical Power Generation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The State of Kuwait, a major oil exporter, consumes a huge amount of its natural hydrocarbon resources to meet the rising demand for electricity. The forecasting of domestic energy demand and optimal allocation of energy resources are necessary requirements for a balanced energy policy. This article assesses the energy resources profile of Kuwait in order to reveal the potential base

Mohammad Ramadhan; Abdulhameed Hussain

2012-01-01

53

Middle East oil and gas  

SciTech Connect

The following subjects are covered in this publication: (1) position of preeminence of the Middle East; (2) history of area's oil operations for Iran, Iraq, Bahrain, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, neutral zone, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Oman and Egypt; (3) gas operations of Saudi Arabia, Iran, Kuwait, Qatar, Iraq and United Arab Emirates; (4) changing relationships with producing countries; (5) a new oil pricing environment; (6) refining and other industrial activities; and (7) change and progress. 10 figs., 12 tabs.

Not Available

1984-12-01

54

The importance of oil to the economies of the organization of the petroleum exporting countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Gulf Cooperation Council (G.C.C.) was established by virtue of a protocol signed in 1981 by its member states, which at present consist of Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, Oman, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates (U.A.E.). Four of these states-Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the U.A.E.-are also members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)-which, until January 1993,

Zind

2009-01-01

55

Oil and gas developments in Middle East in 1981  

SciTech Connect

Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1981 totaled 5,741,096,000 bbl, or an average rate of 15,729,030 BOPD, down 14.9% from 1980. Increases were in Oman, Dubai, and Turkey. Significant decreases occurred in Iraq, Iran, Kuwait, Divided Neutral Zone, Qatar, and Abu Dhabi. New discoveries were made in Oman, Saudi Arabia, and Abu Dhabi.

Hemer, D.O (Mobil Exploration and Producing Services, Inc., Dallas, TX); Mason, J.F.; Hatch, G.C.

1982-11-01

56

Daylighting systems for the Kuwait National Museum  

E-print Network

Daylight has a deteriorating effect on the museum objects. For this reason, usually museums totally block the daylight. This research is the part of restoration works of Kuwait National Museum (KNM), which was destroyed during the Gulf War in 1990...

Ahn, Byoungsoo

2005-08-29

57

Invited Review Lunar meteorites from Oman  

E-print Network

Invited Review Lunar meteorites from Oman Randy L. KOROTEV Department of Earth and Planetary­Sixty named lunar meteorite stones representing about 24 falls have been found in Oman. In an area of 10.7 · 103 km2 in southern Oman, lunar meteorite areal densities average 1 g km)2 . All lunar meteorites from

58

Tectonics of the Western Gulf of Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Oman line, running northward from the Strait of Hormuz separates a continent-continent plate boundary to the northwest (Persian Gulf region) from an ocean-continent plate boundary to the southeast (Gulf of Oman region). A large basement ridge detected on multichannel seismic reflection and gravity profiles to the west of the Oman line is probably a subsurface continuation of the Musandam

Robert S. White; David A. Ross

1979-01-01

59

Qatar's Labor Markets at a Crucial Crossroad  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the discovery of large quantities of natural gas, the Qatari economy has experienced sustained economic growth. Similar to what has occurred in other Gulf states, a consequence of this economic boom is that the demand level for skilled and unskilled labor far outstrips that which Qatari nationals can provide. As a result, Qatar has imported foreign labor to the

Francisco Martorell Claude Berrebi; Jeffery C. Tanner

2009-01-01

60

Teaching across Cultures: Canada and Qatar  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Findings from a comparative case study conducted in Canada and Qatar are presented in this article. The study examined the cultural context of a transnational post-secondary program offered by the Faculty of Business at a Canadian college, with campuses located in both St. John's and Doha. The instructors' perceptions of their students' cultures…

Prowse, Jacqueline; Goddard, J. Tim

2010-01-01

61

University Education in Qatar: A Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development of the University of Qatar, which is located in the Western Arabian Gulf, is described. The only higher education (tertiary) institution, the university is public with an independent structure and budget. In addition to its academic studies and preparation of graduates for work, the university seeks to preserve the Islamic and…

Morsi, Mohamed Monir; Al-Kobaisi, Abdullah J.

62

Liberal Arts Education in Qatar: Intercultural Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is an attempt to sketch a historical, cultural and social background of recent educational developments in Qatar, briefly review the traditions of western liberal arts education with its goals and teaching and learning methodologies, explain its benefits and their relevance to Muslim Qatari students of universities in Education City in…

Rostron, Magdalena

2009-01-01

63

Liberal arts education in Qatar: intercultural perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is an attempt to sketch a historical, cultural and social background of recent educational developments in Qatar, briefly review the traditions of western liberal arts education with its goals and teaching and learning methodologies, explain its benefits and their relevance to Muslim Qatari students of universities in Education City in Doha, and mention potential disadvantages of a liberal

Magdalena Rostron

2009-01-01

64

Oman: World Oil Report 1991  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports that for the sixth consecutive year, Oman should retain its title as the biggest driller in the Middle East in 1991. An accelerated program in 1990 pushed production to an all-time record 700,000 bpd late in the year. Although not a member of Opec, Oman has cooperated with the group in restraining output as needed to support oil prices. Petroleum Development Oman (PDO), a partnership of the government (60%), Royal Dutch Shell (34%), Total (4%) and Partex (2%), remains by far the biggest producer. This year, PDO will begin work on its $500-million effort to boost production from its Lekhwair field from a current 24,000 bpd to 110,000 bpd by 1994. Last year, PDO also drilled 15 horizontal wells, most of which were successful in increasing per well production compared to conventional vertical holes. The horizontal program has been continued this year with two rings.

Not Available

1991-08-01

65

The Natural History of Oman & Arabia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Natural History of Oman & Arabia Webpage is provided by the Germany-based Oman Studies Centre, an independent, non-governmental and nonprofit academic institution that facilitates research on Oman. Modest in presentation and content, this specialized Website gathers together published information (citations) and links to Web resources related to the "botany, climate, conservation, ecology, geology, marine biology, meteorology, palaeoclimate and zoology" of the region of Oman and Arabia. Also at the site is a Contact List of scientists with an interest in the Natural History of the region. For students or researchers planning to work in Oman or Arabia, this site will be a helpful resource.

66

The hydrometeorology of Kuwait : characterization and modeling of rainfall distribution  

E-print Network

This thesis presents a comprehensive study on the hydrometeorology of Kuwait. The spatial, seasonal, and inter annual variability of Kuwait rainfall is discussed based on rain gauge and satellite datasets. It is found that ...

Marcella, Marc Pace

2008-01-01

67

Fi in Gulf Pidgin Arabic  

E-print Network

: Bahrain, Oman, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, and nearby areas (Lewis, Simons, Fennig 2013). Smart 1990, Nćss 2008, and Bakir 2010 further discuss the sociolinguistic situation of GPA. The syntax of GPA has been little studied in the linguistic... ?al? GPA Oman now NEG expensive ‘... Oman nowadays isn’t expensive.’ (Nćss 2008:75, (18b)) c. mafi kull y?m GPA NEG every day ‘not every day’ (Nćss 2008:75, (19a)) d...

Potsdam, Eric; Alanazi, Mohammad

2014-12-01

68

Energy Conservation Program in Kuwait: A Local Perspective  

E-print Network

ENERGY CONSERVATION PROGRAM IN KUWAIT: A LOCAL PERSPECTIVE Ali E. H. Hajiah, PhD Department of Building and Energy Technologies Environment and Urban Development Division Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research P.O. Box 24885, 13109....2.2, DOE-1). Technical report. Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, KISR 6633, Kuwait. 13. Al Mulla Ali, A. and G.P. Maheshwari 2005. The impact of air-conditioning efficiency in the peak Load demand. Third International conference on Energy...

Hajiah, A. E.

2006-01-01

69

Consumption patterns of artificially coloured foods among children in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to assess the consumption patterns of artificially coloured foods among children in Kuwait. A 24-h dietary recall field survey was conducted on 3,141 male and female children from 58 schools in Kuwait to determine colour additive levels in food products marketed in Kuwait, and to assess and compare intake levels to FAO\\/WHO

Wajih Sawaya; Adnan Husain; Fawzia Al-Awadhi; Nawal Al-Hamad; Basma Dashti; Jameela Al-Saqger

2007-01-01

70

Arsenic in shrimp from Kuwait  

SciTech Connect

Arsenic is ubiquitous in the environment and can accumulate in food via contaminated soil, water or air. It enters the food chain through dry and wet atmospheric deposition. Combustion of oil and coal, use of arsenical fertilizers and pesticides and smelting of ores contributes significantly to the natural background of arsenic in soils and sediments. The metal can be transferred from soil to man through plants. In spite of variation in acute, subacute, and chronic toxic effects to plants and animals, evidence of nutritional essentiality of arsenic for rats, goats, and guinea pigs has been suggested, but has not been confirmed for humans. Adverse toxic effects of arsenic as well as its widespread distribution in the environment raises concern about levels of arsenic in man`s diet. Higher levels of arsenic in the diet can result in a higher accumulation rate. Arsenic levels in marine organisms are influenced by species differences, size of organism, and human activities. Bottom dwellers such as shrimp, crab, and lobster accumulate more arsenic than fish due to their frequent contact with bottom sediments. Shrimp constitute approximately 30% of mean total seafood consumption in Kuwait. This study was designed to determine the accumulation of arsenic in the commercially important jinga shrimp (Metapenaeus affinis) and grooved tiger prawn (Penaeus semisulcatus). 13 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

Bou-Olayan, A.H. [Kuwait Univ. (Kuwait); Al-Yakoob, S.; Al-Hossaini, M. [Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research (Kuwait)

1995-04-01

71

Kuwait summons more fire fighting teams  

SciTech Connect

Kuwait is calling in more muscle to help kill its wild wells. This paper reports on the latest action in Kuwait, the leasing of well control contracts to Abel Engineering/Well Control Inc., Houston, and China Petroleum Engineering Construction Co. (CPEC). Abel is the sixth North American well control company called to the scene, while CPEC is the first summoned from the East. In addition, the service responsible for combating well fires and blowouts in the U.S.S.R.'s Azerbaijan oil fields signed an agreement with Kuwait's government, apparently involving a contract valued at more than $100 million, to extinguish fires at 150 Kuwaiti wells, reported Eastern Bloc Energy, a publication of Eastern Bloc Research Ltd., Newton Kyme, U.K. More help likely is on the way.

Not Available

1991-08-05

72

Oman: Economic, social and strategic developments  

SciTech Connect

Oman is an important country for the West, both as an oil exporter and as a key ally strategically placed at the entrance to the Arab Gulf. This book provides an overview of recent economic, social and political developments in Oman. It begins by outlining the historical and geographical background, emphasising in particular the problems of geography and tribalism and the impact of the war against Marxist insurgents in Dhofar. It considers economic developments, both in the oil and non-oil sectors, and Oman's contribution to economic co-operation and integration in the region. It examines strategic developments, particularly Oman's relations with the United States, addressing the key question of how close an alliance between Oman and the US is likely and showing how this is influenced by internal politics in Oman. It also explores educational and cultural issues.

Pridham, B.R.

1986-01-01

73

Oil, development, and the environment in Kuwait  

SciTech Connect

As Kuwait transforms itself into a modern industrial economy, the nation faces a number of environmental challenges. With rapid modernization and dramatic increases in population come threats to Kuwait's desert and coastal ecosystems. In the past 15 years both government agencies and private organizations have been formed to develop environmental strategies, promote conservation, combat pollution, and improve the public's environmental awareness. The organizations described here are working to encourage regional cooperation on environmental issues and to ensure that development policies at all levels - local, regional, and international - are not only economically prudent but also environmentally sound.

Shuaib, H.A.

1988-07-01

74

Indirect Effects of Salinity and Temperature on Kuwait’s Shrimp Stocks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discharge of the Shatt Al-Arab is believed to be a dominating component of the northern Arabian Gulf’s ecology and largely\\u000a responsible for productivity of Kuwait’s fisheries. With major construction of dams on the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers in\\u000a Turkey, river discharge has been substantially reduced, and flooding essentially eliminated. We attempted to relate river\\u000a flow and shrimp landings indirectly by

James Marcus Bishop; Weizhong Chen; Adel Hasan Alsaffar; Hussain Mahmoud Al-Foudari

75

Wind energy potential for Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

The wind power potential was summarized using data from thirteen weather stations. The overall long term average wind speed for Oman is a moderate 3.67(s.d.=2.13)m\\/s yielding a potential power of 30.30 W. Wind speeds at four stations, Thumrait, Sur, Masirah and Marmul, are appreciably higher than the national average and hence these stations have a great potential for wind power

A. S. S Dorvlo; D. B Ampratwum

2002-01-01

76

Diversity in the Mideast; Kuwait and Yemen  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports on two types of action which mark oil industry activity at opposite ends of the Arabian Peninsula. In Kuwait, the astounding achievements of firefighting teams have captured world headlines. Some 1,200 miles to the south, Yemen is establishing itself as a center for exploration and production.

Vielvoye, R.

1991-12-02

77

Technical and Vocational Education in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the prerequisites for the development and modernisation of a country is technical?vocational education and training. If carefully planned and appropriately financed, an efficient and effective capability may be produced. Kuwait, despite having vast economic resources, has been suffering from an obvious lack of skilled and semi?skilled manpower in almost all the sectors of the economy. In order to

1993-01-01

78

Would Rethinking Learning Disabilities Benefit Kuwait?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning disabilities education in Kuwait grew from Kuwaiti's wholesale importation of the Western, medical model of disability--a model basically incompatible with Kuwaiti culture. Conflicting factors include its problematic normal/abnormal binary, its assumption that the "deficit" is located in the student and the segregation of students by…

Bazna, Maysaa; Reid, D. Kim

2009-01-01

79

Noise control: Experimental research in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Environmental noise has been found in many experimental research studies in Kuwait, to be a prominent factor which influences the level of satisfaction with a particular residential environment. This can be seen also as a consequence of the higher level of awareness today about the adverse effects of excess noise on human beings and their environment. The effects of noise,

1990-01-01

80

Automation in a Special Library in Kuwait.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traces introduction of automation in National Scientific and Technical Information Center, Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, highlighting online applications in English and Arabic. Systems developed (bibliographic control, union lists, circulation control, indexes) and use of STAIRS storage and retrieval system for integrated databases are…

Khalid, Farooq A.

1983-01-01

81

Distribution of heavy metals in marine bivalves, fish and coastal sediments in the Gulf and Gulf of Oman.  

PubMed

An assessment of marine contamination due to heavy metals was made in the Gulf and Gulf of Oman based on marine biota (fish and various bivalves) and coastal sediment collected in Bahrain, Oman, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) during 2000-2001. Sediment metal loadings were generally not remarkable, although hot spots were noted in Bahrain (Cu, Hg, Pb, Zn) and on the east coast of the UAE (As, Co, Cr, Ni). Concentrations of As and Hg were typically low in sediments and the total Hg levels in top predator fish commonly consumed in the region were < 0.5 microg g(-1) and posed no threat to public health. Very high Cd concentrations (up to 195 microg g(-1)) in the liver of some fish from southern Oman may result from food-chain bioaccumulation of elevated Cd levels brought into the productive surface waters by upwelling in the region. Very high As concentrations (up to 156 microg g(-1)) were measured in certain bivalve species from the region. Although not certain, the As is probably derived from natural origins rather than anthropogenic contamination. PMID:15325209

de Mora, Stephen; Fowler, Scott W; Wyse, Eric; Azemard, Sabine

2004-09-01

82

Pharmaceutical care in Kuwait: hospital pharmacists' perspectives.  

PubMed

Background Pharmaceutical care practice has been championed as the primary mission of the pharmacy profession, but its implementation has been suboptimal in many developing countries including Kuwait. Pharmacists must have sufficient knowledge, skills, and positive attitudes to practise pharmaceutical care, and barriers in the pharmacy practice model must be overcome before pharmaceutical care can be broadly implemented in a given healthcare system. Objective To investigate hospital pharmacists' attitudes towards pharmaceutical care, perceptions of their preparedness to provide pharmaceutical care, and the barriers to its implementation in Kuwait. Setting Six general hospitals, eight specialized hospitals and seven specialized health centers in Kuwait. Method A descriptive, cross-sectional survey was distributed to all pharmacists working in the governmental hospitals in Kuwait (385 pharmacists). Data were collected via a pre-tested self-administered questionnaire. Descriptive statistics including percentages, medians and means Likert scale rating (standard deviations) were calculated and compared using statistical package for social sciences, version 20. Statistical significance was accepted at a p value of <0.05. Main outcome measure Pharmacists' attitudes towards pharmaceutical care, perceptions of their preparedness to provide pharmaceutical care competencies, and the barriers to its implementation in Kuwait. Results Completed surveys were received from 250 (64.9 %) of the 385 pharmacists. Pharmacists expressed overall positive attitudes towards pharmaceutical care. They felt well prepared to implement the various aspects of pharmaceutical care, with the least preparedness in the administrative/management aspects. Pharmacists with more practice experience expressed significantly more positive attitudes towards pharmaceutical care (p = 0.001) and they felt better prepared to provide pharmaceutical care competencies (p < 0.001) than those with less experience as practitioners. The respondents agreed/strongly agreed that the most significant barriers to the integration of pharmaceutical care into practice were lack of private counseling areas or inappropriate pharmacy layout (87.6 %), organizational obstacles (81.6 %), inadequate staff (79.6 %), and lack of pharmacist time and adequate technology (76.0 %). Conclusion Hospital pharmacists in Kuwait advocate implementation of pharmaceutical care while also appreciating the organizational, technical and professional barriers to its widespread adoption. Collaborative efforts between health authorities and educational institutions, and the integration of innovative approaches in pharmacy management and education could overcome these barriers and achieve the transition towards pharmaceutical care practice. PMID:25204259

Katoue, Maram G; Awad, Abdelmoneim I; Schwinghammer, Terry L; Kombian, Samuel B

2014-12-01

83

Brucellosis in Qatar: A retrospective cohort study  

PubMed Central

Background: We conducted a retrospective cohort study to evaluate the clinical manifestations, laboratory findings, complications and treatment of brucellosis in the State of Qatar. Methods: The medical records of patients in Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar were reviewed from January 2000 to December 2006. History, various socio-demographic features, clinical and biochemical parameters, therapeutic features, and complications were retrospectively collected from the patient database. Results: Around three quarters of the study population were males. History of raw milk consumption and animal contact were seen in 41.7% and 12.5% respectively. The main presenting features of our cohort were fever, chills and sweating (93.1%, 62.5% and 58.3% respectively). Positive antibody titre (>1:160) was detected in 95.8% and positive blood culture was reported in 63.9% of the cohort. Splenomegaly was observed in 19.4%, hepatomegaly in 15.3% and lymphadenopathy in 9.7% of the cases. Approximately half of our patients were treated with a combination of doxycycline and streptomycine and nearly one quarter received doxycycline and rifampicine combination therapy. Conclusions: Brucellosis is an important public health problem worldwide. It is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. It may affect any organ system and can present with a variety of clinical features. Diagnosis of brucellosis requires serological tests with or without blood culture. Treatment with at least two antibiotics for six weeks or more appears to be effective. PMID:25320689

Rahil, Ali Ibrahim; Othman, Muftah; Ibrahim, Walid; Mohamed, Mohamed Yahya

2014-01-01

84

Diurnal and nocturnal catchability of Kuwait's commercial shrimps  

Microsoft Academic Search

In descending order of importance, the shrimps Penaeus semisulcatus De Haan, 1844; Metapenaeus affinis (H. Milne-Edwards, 1837); and Parapenaeopsis stylifera (H. Milne-Edwards, 1837) account for over 95% of Kuwait's commercial landings. Throughout its range, P. semisulcatus is nocturnal, but Kuwait trawlers are active 24h a day during season. Historically, all scientific shrimp surveys in Kuwait have been conducted during daylight

J. M. Bishop; Y. Ye; A. H. Alsaffar; H. M. Al-Foudari; S. Al-Jazzaf

2008-01-01

85

77 FR 71777 - Trade Mission to Egypt and Kuwait  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Trade Mission to Egypt and Kuwait AGENCY: International Trade Administration, Department...States Department of Commerce, International Trade Administration, U.S....

2012-12-04

86

Ecological disaster in Kuwait; A burning question  

SciTech Connect

Six million barrels of oil are going up in smoke each day in Kuwait, dumping 3.7 million pounds of toxic gases, soot, and smoke - including cancer-causing compounds - into the air each hour. This paper reports that the prognosis for the situation is dim. Even as specialized firefighting companies from the United States and Canada began arriving in Kuwait in March, oil officials there predicted dousing the fires would take at least two years and pumping up oil production to pre-war levels would take between five and 10 years. An oil well fire is a disaster. The effect on the ozone, the ecology, the marine life is massive. We aren't even breathing air here, we're just breathing smog.

Wray, T.K. (Waste Away Services, Perrysburg, OH (US))

1991-10-01

87

Occurrence of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in Kuwait soil.  

PubMed

Environmentally ubiquitous bacteria such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa evolved mechanisms to adapt and prevail under diverse conditions. In the current investigation, strains of P. aeruginosa demonstrating high rates of crude oil utilization and tolerance to high concentrations of heavy metals were found in both crude oil-contaminated and uncontaminated sites in Kuwait, and were dominant in the contaminated sites. The incidence of P. aeruginosa in tested soils implies the definitive pattern of crude oil contamination in the selection of the bacterial population in petroleum-contaminated sites in Kuwait. Surprisingly, the unculturable P. aeruginosa in different soil samples showed significant high similarity coefficients based on 16S-RFLP analyses, implying that the unculturable fraction of existing bacterial population in environmental samples is more stable and, hence, reliable for phylogenetic studies compared to the culturable bacteria. PMID:25014900

Al-Saleh, Esmaeil; Akbar, Abrar

2015-02-01

88

Patient Safety Culture Assessment in Oman  

PubMed Central

Objective To illustrate the patient safety culture in Oman as gleaned via 12 indices of patient safety culture derived from the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture (HSPSC) and to compare the average positive response rates in patient safety culture between Oman and the USA, Taiwan, and Lebanon. Methods This was a cross-sectional research study employed to gauge the performance of HSPSC safety indices among health workers representing five secondary and tertiary care hospitals in the northern region of Oman. The participants (n=398) represented different professional designations of hospital staff. Analyses were performed using univariate statistics. Results The overall average positive response rate for the 12 patient safety culture dimensions of the HSPSC survey in Oman was 58%. The indices from HSPSC that were endorsed the highest included ‘organizational learning and continuous improvement’ while conversely, ‘non-punitive response to errors’ was ranked the least. There were no significant differences in average positive response rates between Oman and the United States (58% vs. 61%; p=0.666), Taiwan (58% vs. 64%; p=0.386), and Lebanon (58% vs. 61%; p=0.666). Conclusion This study provides the first empirical study on patient safety culture in Oman which is similar to those rates reported elsewhere. It highlights the specific strengths and weaknesses which may stem from the specific milieu prevailing in Oman. PMID:25170407

Al-Mandhari, Ahmed; Al-Zakwani, Ibrahim; Al-Kindi, Moosa; Tawilah, Jihane; Dorvlo, Atsu S.S.; Al-Adawi, Samir

2014-01-01

89

Protected Agriculture in the State of Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because of the country's harsh climate, scarce water resources and poor-quality land resources, protected agriculture (PA) has a significant role in Kuwait's agricultural development. Despite difficulties, PA made spectacular progress during the 1980s (area increased from 3.5 ha in 1979\\/80 to 425 ha in 1989\\/90) and was beginning to establish an important niche in the national economy just prior to

Afaf Y. Al-Nasser; N. R. Bhat

90

School Oral Health Program in Kuwait.  

PubMed

The School Oral Health Program (SOHP), Kuwait, is a joint venture between the Ministry of Health, Kuwait, and Forsyth Institute, Cambridge, Mass., USA. This program provides oral health education, prevention and treatment to almost 280,000 public school children in Kuwait. Services are delivered through a system of center- and school-based clinics and preventive mobile teams. One of the recent developments is the effective use of portable dental units for the delivery of preventive care to children in schools without the need for children to go to dental clinics. Preventive procedures performed under this program are the biannual application of fluoride varnish and the placement of pit and fissure sealants on newly erupted permanent molars and premolars. During recent years, the SOHP has improved its coverage of children, with prevention up to 80%. This has resulted in a considerable reduction in treatment needs, which is evident from the reduced number of composite restorations performed under this program during the last 6 years. This indicates that the disease level is on a decline, which can be confirmed from the results of the ongoing National Oral Health Survey on Kuwaiti school children. PMID:24335161

Ariga, Jitendra; Al-Mutawa, Sabiha; Nazar, Huda

2014-01-01

91

Isolation of MERS Coronavirus from a Dromedary Camel, Qatar, 2014  

PubMed Central

We obtained the full genome of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) from a camel in Qatar. This virus is highly similar to the human England/Qatar 1 virus isolated in 2012. The MERS-CoV from the camel efficiently replicated in human cells, providing further evidence for the zoonotic potential of MERS-CoV from camels. PMID:25075761

Raj, V. Stalin; Farag, Elmoubasher A.B.A.; Reusken, Chantal B.E.M.; Lamers, Mart M.; Pas, Suzan D.; Voermans, Jolanda; Smits, Saskia L.; Osterhaus, Albert D.M.E.; Al-Mawlawi, Naema; Al-Romaihi, Hamad E.; El-Sayed, Ahmed M.; Mohran, Khaled A.; Ghobashy, Hazem; Alhajri, Farhoud; Al-Thani, Mohamed; Al-Marri, Salih A.; El-Maghraby, Mamdouh M.; Koopmans, Marion P.G.

2014-01-01

92

Isolation of MERS coronavirus from a dromedary camel, Qatar, 2014.  

PubMed

We obtained the full genome of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) from a camel in Qatar. This virus is highly similar to the human England/Qatar 1 virus isolated in 2012. The MERS-CoV from the camel efficiently replicated in human cells, providing further evidence for the zoonotic potential of MERS-CoV from camels. PMID:25075761

Raj, V Stalin; Farag, Elmoubasher A B A; Reusken, Chantal B E M; Lamers, Mart M; Pas, Suzan D; Voermans, Jolanda; Smits, Saskia L; Osterhaus, Albert D M E; Al-Mawlawi, Naema; Al-Romaihi, Hamad E; AlHajri, Mohd M; El-Sayed, Ahmed M; Mohran, Khaled A; Ghobashy, Hazem; Alhajri, Farhoud; Al-Thani, Mohamed; Al-Marri, Salih A; El-Maghraby, Mamdouh M; Koopmans, Marion P G; Haagmans, Bart L

2014-08-01

93

Abdominal trauma due to road traffic accidents in Qatar  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To measure the incidence and severity of abdominal trauma due to road traffic accidents (RTA) in Qatar.Patient and methods: Retrospective analysis of all patients admitted with documented abdominal trauma to the only acute General Hospital in the state of Qatar in the period 1991–1995.Results: In the 5-year period, 3744 patients were admitted following an RTA. Of these, 667 (17.8%)

Ismail Helmi; Abdulazim Hussein; Abdel Hafeez Ali Ahmed

2001-01-01

94

A preliminary report on the distribution of lizards in Qatar  

PubMed Central

Abstract We have updated the list of the lizard species present in Qatar and produced the first distribution maps based on two field surveys in 2012 and 2013. We used the QND95/Qatar National Grid with a grid of 10 × 10 km squares for mapping. Our results show the occurrence of 21 lizard species in Qatar, from the 15 species indicated in the last biodiversity report conducted in 2004. The most abundant family found in Qatar is Gekkonidae with nine species (Bunopus tuberculatus, Cyrtopodion scabrum, Hemidactylus robustus, H. flaviviridis, H. persicus, Stenodactylus arabicus, S. slevini, S. doriae, Pseudoceramodactylus khobarensis), followed by Lacertidae with four species (Acanthodactylus schmidti, A. opheodurus, Mesalina brevirostris, M. adramitana), Agamidae with three species (Trapelus flavimaculatus, Uromastyx aegyptia, Phrynocephalus arabicus), Scincidae with two species (Scincus mitranus, Trachylepis septemtaeniata), and Varanidae (Varanus griseus), Sphaerodactylidae (Pristurus rupestris) and Trogonophiidae (Diplometopon zarudnyi) with one species each. The species richness fluctuated largely across Qatar between one and eleven species per grid square. We believe that the lizard fauna records in Qatar are still incomplete and that additional studies are required. However, our study here fills a gap concerning lizard biodiversity knowledge in the Gulf Region. PMID:24493961

Cog?lniceanu, Dan; Castilla, Aurora M; Valdeón, Aitor; Gosá, Alberto; Al-Jaidah, Noora; Alkuwary, Ali; Saifelnasr, Essam O. H.; Mas-Peinado, Paloma; Richer, Renee; Al-Hemaidi, Ahmad Amer Mohd

2014-01-01

95

Labor skills and factor proportions trade in the gulf cooperation council  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new measure of factor intensity and abundance from trade theory is utilized to predict potential trade and income redistribution between traditional and modern economies in the Gulf Cooperation Council. Differences in labor skill intensity and abundance suggest there will be substantial trade between the modern (Bahrain, Qatar, UAE) and traditional (Kuwait, Oman, Saudi Arabia) economies in the GCC. Due

Henry Thompson; Hugo Toledo

2010-01-01

96

The unstable Gulf, Threats from within  

SciTech Connect

Martin offers an analysis of disputes along the borders of countries in the Persian Gulf region and a description of the religious, ethnic, and ideological tensions among the peoples. The pros and cons of various options for protecting American interests are outlined. The discussion covers Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, North and South Yemen, Oman, Soudi Arabia, U.A.E., Bahrain, and Qatar.

Martin, L.G.

1984-01-01

97

Documents de Travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne  

E-print Network

Documents de Travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne Economic freedom in Muslim countries Political Economy, 2003, Gwartney, Lawson and Holcombe, 1999, de Vanssay and Spindler, 1994, Spindler, 1991 free'. In addition, there are differences among Muslim countries: Oman, Qatar, Kuwait, Jordan, UAE

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

98

Transmission of Stock Price Movements: The Case of GCC Stock Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a vector autoregressive analysis, this paper investigates the dynamic interactions among stock market returns from six Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates). The empirical investigation is conducted using weekly data from 15 January 1997 to 26 April 2000. During this period, significant steps were taken that intensified financial integration in

Ata Assaf

2003-01-01

99

Stock market contagion in the early stages of the global financial crisis: the experience of the GCC countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines stock market contagion from the United States to the markets of the GCC countries during the period 2007-08. These countries (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates) were also experiencing accelerating debt levels, overheated real estate markets, and drying up of liquidity. The main hypothesis under investigation is that the collapse of the

Imad Moosa

2010-01-01

100

The impact of oil price shocks on stock market returns: Comparing GCC countries with the UK and USA  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper performs an empirical investigation into the relationship between oil price and stock market returns for seven countries (Kuwait, Oman, UAE, Bahrain, Qatar, UK and USA) by applying the Vector Auto Regression (VAR) analysis. During this period oil prices have tripled creating a substantial cash surplus for the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Countries while simultaneously creating increased deficit problems

Abdallah Fayyad; Kevin Daly

2011-01-01

101

Does infrequent trading make a difference on stock market efficiency? : Evidence from the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – After adjusting for thin trading, this study seeks to examine the market efficiency for six emerging stock markets in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries: Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This study uses the LOMAC single variance ratio (VR) test and the Wright's rank and sign VR tests to examine

Osamah AlKhazali

2011-01-01

102

Dynamic Relationships among GCC Stock Markets and Nymex Oil Futures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Daily relationships among stock markets of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) members, excluding Qatar, form two equilibrium relationships with varying predictive power. The Saudi market leads, followed by Bahrain and United Arab Emirates. Kuwait, which is dominated by momentum traders, and Oman have the weakest links with the other GCC markets. Only the Saudi index can predict-and be predicted by-New

Shawkat Hammoudeh; Eisa Aleisa

2004-01-01

103

Selected Bibliography of Arab Educational Materials, Vol. 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One hundred fifty-four English language annotations of books, articles, and government publications about education in 11 Arab countries are contained in this bibliography. Drawing from materials published in 1976, the bibliography examines education for all age groups and ability levels in Egypt, Bahrain, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi…

Al-Ahram Center for Scientific Translations, Cairo (Egypt).

104

Selected Bibliography of Arab Educational Materials Vol. 2, No. 1, 1977.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A total of 176 English language notations of books, articles, and government publications about education in 11 Arab countries are contained in this bibliography. Drawing from materials published in 1977, the bibliography examines education for all age groups and ability levels in Egypt, Bahrain, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia,…

Al-Ahram Center for Scientific Translations, Cairo (Egypt).

105

Books about the Middle East for Children and Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bibliography comprises a list of 236 reviewed children's books about the Middle East. All books were published since 1970 in the United States. For the purpose of this document the countries of the Middle East number 16: Bahrain, Cyprus, Iraq, Iran, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkey, United Arab…

Kuntz, Patricia

106

Environmental Engineering Education (E3) in the Gulf Co-Operation Countries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The six members of the Gulf Co-operation Countries (GCC)--Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates--are facing enormous environmental challenges associated with rapid urbanisation and industrialisation, especially in the last three decades, due to its role as a global hydrocarbon energy centre. None of these…

Jassim, Majeed; Coskuner, Gulnur

2007-01-01

107

University Library Development in the Arab Gulf Region: A Survey and Analysis of Six State University Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study of state university libraries in Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates provides information on library organization and analysis of collections, services, staffing, budgeting, expenditures, automation, and information technology. Suggests further research is needed in collections, services and…

Zehery, Mohamed H.

1997-01-01

108

Higher Education and Development in the Lower Gulf States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The complex issues concerning expansion of higher education in the smaller states bordering the Persian Gulf (Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain, United Arab Emirates, and Oman) are examined, including who provides higher education and why, cultural vs. national identity, the role of mass education, and the difference between growth and development. (MSE)

Shaw, K. E.

1993-01-01

109

Science Self-Beliefs and Science Achievement of Adolescents in Gulf Cooperation Council Countries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the predictive effects of science self-beliefs on science achievement for 24,680 13-year-old students from Gulf Cooperation Council member countries--Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates--who participated in the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) 2007. The…

Areepattamannil, Shaljan

2012-01-01

110

Population, Labour and Education Dilemmas Facing GCC States at the Turn of the Century.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study describes and analyzes certain population, labor, and education issues in oil monarchies of the Persian Gulf. The countries profiled are Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates (also known as the GCC [Gulf Cooperation Council] countries). Since the discovery of oil, these countries transformed themselves…

Kapiszewski, Andrzej

111

The long-run relationship between savings and investment in oil-exporting developing countries: A case study of the Gulf Arab States  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between national saving and investment over the long term is examined for six Gulf Arab oil-exporting developing countries -- Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. We show that, provided some large outliers are properly accounted for, long-run equilibrium relationships between saving and investment (both total and fixed) exist in these countries. Since these

Syed Abul Basher; Stefano Fachin

2011-01-01

112

Labor immigration in the Arab Gulf states: patterns, trends and problems.  

PubMed

This is an overview of recent labor immigration in Bahrain, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. Attention is given to factors contributing to the dependence of these countries on migrant labor, the impact of the decline in oil revenues, and future trends in the size and skill composition of the foreign labor supply. PMID:12159591

Ali, A

1986-09-01

113

Our World of Alumni Our college community is a global  

E-print Network

of Alumni Our college community is a global family, a world-wide alumni support network reflecting the many cultures and countries of our alumni. United Kingdom 50704 Caribbean 44 Bahamas (3) Barbados (7) British) Kuwait (27) Lebanon (15) Oman (41) Palestine (3) Qatar (28) Saudi Arabia (67) Syria (10) Turkey (126

Royal Holloway, University of London

114

The Oman-India gas pipeline  

SciTech Connect

In March 1993, the Governments of the Sultanate of Oman and India executed a Memorandum of Understanding for a long term Gas Supply Contract to transport natural gas from Oman to India by pipeline. A feasibility study was undertaken to determine if such a pipeline was technically achievable and economically attractive. Work was initiated with a consortium of internationally recognized major design and construction firms, as well as with consultants knowledgeable in gas supply and demand in the region. Alternative gas supply volumes as well as two distinct pipeline routes were analyzed in significant detail. As a result of this work, it was concluded that a pipeline crossing, taking a direct route from Oman to India, is economically and technically feasible. In September, 1994, the Agreement on Principal Terms for supply of gas to India from Oman was agreed by the respective governmental authorities. The project and its status are described.

Roberts, P.M.

1995-12-31

115

Construction safety in Kuwait: issues, procedures, problems, and recommendations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The building construction industry plays a major role in the economy of the state of Kuwait. This paper evaluates existing safety regulations, describes safety procedures adopted by owners, designers, contractors and insurance companies, and assesses the suitability of these regulations and procedures for Kuwait's environment and workforce. It also discusses problems associated with enforcing safety regulations at construction sites. Furthermore,

N. A Kartam; P Koushki

2000-01-01

116

Sex and violence: social reactions to economic restructuring in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Economic restructuring in response to globalization affects virtually every area of the world, including countries that appear to have many economic advantages. Kuwait is a wealthy country, but its relatively favored position does not insulate it from struggles to limit the effects of redistribution on particular individuals and social groups. Women in Kuwait are feeling the pressures of restructuring. Educated

Mary Ann Tetreault

1999-01-01

117

On the Inflationary Process in Kuwait: Some Empirical Results  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the empirica1 validity of the monetarist view of inflation in the small open economy of Kuwait. The estimates presented indicate that growth in money stock was a primary source of inflation in Kuwait; its impact is swift, completed within one quarter of the money change. Such a quick and significant impact of money supply growth on inflation

Yousif Khalifa Al-Yousif

1996-01-01

118

The Economic Development Experience of Kuwait: Some Useful Lessons  

Microsoft Academic Search

Kuwait is a typical example of an oil-based economy. The oil sector contributes over one-third of GDP and over 90 per cent of exports. Economic diversification for Kuwait means reducing the heavy dependency on the oil sector. It also implicitly includes reducing the direct role of the public sector while increasing private sector activities and hence the private sector's size

Mohamed Nagy Eltony

2007-01-01

119

Modern E&P data management in Kuwait Oil Company  

Microsoft Academic Search

An enormous amount of petrotechnical data has been acquired during the 50 years of oil exploration and production (E&P) in Kuwait. More and more data continues and will continue to flow in on a daily basis, as Kuwait remains a major oil producer with reserve expected to last well into the next century. The data classes range from seismic, geological,

G Haveluck Harrison; Fadel Safar

2004-01-01

120

Public opinion and siting solid waste landfills in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Siting municipal solid waste landfills in Kuwait had not considered public concerns about the location of such facilities. Kuwait Municipality has disposed urban waste in abandoned sand quarries for the past 20 years in an unplanned fashion. Due to this improper siting criteria, environmental and health problems have risen from old landfills that are located in residential areas. In an

Anwar F. Al-Yaqout; P. A. Koushki; Mohamed F. Hamoda

2002-01-01

121

Petroleum developments in Middle East countries in 1979  

SciTech Connect

Petroleum production in Middle East countries in 1979 totaled 7,779,619,000 bbl at an average rate of 21,314,024 b/d, up 0.4% from 1978. Principal increases were in Iraq, Kuwait, Divided Neutral Zone, and Saudi Arabia. Significant new discoveries were made in Saudi Arabia, Oman, and Abu Dhabi. New areas were explored in Oman, Syria, offshore South Yemen, Dubai, and Qatar.

Hemer, D.O. (Mobile Oil Corp., New York, NY); Mason, J.F.; Hatch, G.C.

1980-11-01

122

Oil and gas developments in Middle East in 1982  

SciTech Connect

Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1982 totaled 4,499,464,000 bbl (an average rate of 12,162,915 BOPD), down 21.5% from 1981. Increases were in Iraq, Iran, and Oman. Significant decreases occurred in Kuwait, Divided Neutral Zone, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, and Abu Dhabi. New discoveries were reported in Oman, Syria, Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Iran, and Saudi Arabia.

Hemer, D.O.; Hatch, G.C.

1983-10-01

123

Seismicity and Improved Velocity Structure in Kuwait  

SciTech Connect

The Kuwait National Seismic Network (KNSN) began operation in 1997 and consists of nine three-component stations (eight short-period and one broadband) and is operated by the Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research. Although the region is largely believed to be aseismic, considerable local seismicity is recorded by KNSN. Seismic events in Kuwait are clustered in two main groups, one in the south and another in the north. The KNSN station distribution is able to capture the southern cluster within the footprint of the network but the northern cluster is poorly covered. Events tend to occur at depths ranging from the free surface to about 20 km. Events in the northern cluster tend to be deeper than those in south, however this might be an artifact of the station coverage. We analyzed KNSN recordings of nearly 200 local events to improve understanding of seismic events and crustal structure in Kuwait, performing several analyses with increasing complexity. First, we obtained an optimized one-dimensional (1D) velocity model for the entire region using the reported KNSN arrival times and routine locations. The resulting model is consistent with a recently obtained model from the joint inversion of receiver functions and surface wave group velocities. Crustal structure is capped by the thick ({approx} 7 km) sedimentary rocks of the Arabian Platform underlain by normal velocities for stable continental crust. Our new model has a crustal thickness of 44 km, constrained by an independent study of receiver functions and surface wave group velocities by Pasyanos et al (2006). Locations and depths of events after relocation with the new model are broadly consistent with those reported by KISR, although a few events move more than a few kilometers. We then used a double-difference tomography technique (tomoDD) to jointly locate the events and estimate three-dimensional (3D) velocity structure. TomoDD is based on hypoDD relocation algorithm and it makes use of both absolute and relative arrival times. We obtained {approx}1500 absolute P and S arrival times and {approx}3200 P and S wave arrival time differences. Event locations do not change greatly when 3D velocity structure is included. Three-dimensional velocity structure, where resolvable, does not differ greatly from our optimized 1D model, indicating that the improved 1D model is adequate for routine event location. Finally, we calculated moment magnitudes, MW, for nearly 155 events using the coda magnitude technique of Mayeda et al., (2003). The fact that most of the relocated events occur below the known sedimentary structures extending to 7 km suggests that they are tectonic in origin. Shallow events within the sedimentary crust in the (southern) Minagish region may be related to oil field activities, although the current study cannot unambiguously determine the source of current seismicity in Kuwait. The improved velocity model reduces the scatter of travel time residuals relative to the locations reported in the KNSN bulletin and may be used for ground motion prediction and hazard estimate studies in Kuwait.

Gok, R M; Rodgers, A J; Al-Enezi, A

2006-01-26

124

Qatar's School Transportation System: Supporting Safety, Efficiency, and Service Quality. Monograph  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In consideration of the many challenges associated with Qatar's continued growth and demographic changes, the government of Qatar is interested in updating its school transportation system (STS). This volume assesses the perspectives of parents and school administrators on Qatar's STS, identifies a vision and goals for the STS, reviews…

Henry, Keith; Younossi, Obaid; Al-Dafa, Maryah; Culbertson, Shelly; Mattock, Michael G.; Light, Thomas; Rohr, Charlene

2012-01-01

125

Recent nuptiality trends and patterns in Kuwait.  

PubMed

"Comparison of marriage data from the five-yearly censuses in Kuwait from 1970 to 1985, and vital statistics, show trends in marriage. Age at first marriage increased for women, but there was little change in men, so there was a narrowing of the age difference between spouses. There is a new tendency emerging for Kuwaiti males to marry non-Kuwaiti females. These changes are attributed to increasing education and employment of women, urbanisation and modernisation, and appear to be leading to a decline in fertility." PMID:12316315

Kohli, K L; Al-omaim, M

1990-06-01

126

The incidence of dyslexia among young offenders in Kuwait.  

PubMed

This paper investigates the incidence of dyslexia among young offenders in Kuwait. A total of 91 children/young adults from 8 juvenile delinquent welfare centres across Kuwait were interviewed and tested. A measure of non-verbal reasoning ability was used to exclude those with low general ability. The remaining 53 participants were tested on their ability to identify alliteration and rhyme, retain and manipulate sequences of digit and letter names, decode novel letter strings and identify words within letter chains. Participants' reading accuracy, rate of reading, reading comprehension and ability to spell correctly dictated text were also assessed. These measures were used to determine those with indicators of dyslexia. The results indicated that the percentage of individuals presenting evidence of dyslexia was much larger (greater than 20%) in this population of young offenders than would be expected based on the national average (around 6%) of dyslexics in Kuwait derived from a nationwide study (A survey study of dyslexia in Kuwait, Kuwait Dyslexia Association: Kuwait City; 2002). These findings replicate previous evidence for an increased frequency of dyslexia among young offenders. The implications of such findings are discussed in terms of dyslexia awareness, socio-cultural factors, education and intervention, particularly in Kuwait juvenile delinquent welfare centres. PMID:18433005

Elbeheri, Gad; Everatt, John; Al Malki, Mohammad

2009-05-01

127

Origin of sulfate in barite and calcite cements in the Jebel Madar salt dome (Oman)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Jebel Madar is a 500-m high mountain rising in the desert at the Oman Foothills. The Jebel consists of Triassic to Cretaceous carbonate host rocks forming the carapace of a salt dome. Halokinesis caused major fracturing and faulting at Jebel Madar, and the resulting structures acted as the main pathways for fluids that generated diagenetic cements composed of both barite and calcite. The spatial distribution of calcite and barite occurrences shows that calcite is formed in large abundance along the three main faults, whereas barite is more concentrated along faults further away from the three main ones. The stable carbon and oxygen isotope composition of calcite and fluid inclusion data from both calcite and barite show a distinct evolution of the fluid with a highly saline component towards more mixing with meteoric water. This is in agreement with clumped isotopes data on calcite cements indicating an evolution towards lower temperatures, consistent with doming of the Jebel and greater input of lower-temperature descending meteoric fluids. Here, we present sulphur and oxygen isotopic data on barite that suggest a link between the barite formation and the Precambrian salt underlying Jebel Madar. The average ?34S measured in barite is 33‰ CDT (1? = 5‰; n = 33), which falls at the lower end of the ?34S range reported for the Ara Group anhydrite. The average ?18O in the same barite samples is 23‰ VSMOW (1? = 2‰; n = 33). Data from the barite will be compared with sulphur isotopes from the carbonate-associate sulfate in the calcite cements. The overall goal of our research is to gain a better insight in the formation process of barite and calcite in Jebel Madar and its link with salt tectonics. We would like to acknowledge the financial support of QCCSRC (funded jointly by Qatar Petroleum, Shell and the Qatar Science & Technology Park) and the GSA Laubach fund for this study.

Vandeginste, V.; John, C. M.; Gilhooly, W. P.

2012-12-01

128

Absorptive capacity, regional cooperation, and industrialization in the Arab states of the Gulf. [Kuwait, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates  

Microsoft Academic Search

The long-term impact of the new oil prices on the absorptive capacity of the oil-based economies has been analyzed from the standpoint of the domestic economics of these countries. This paper extends the concept of absorptive capacity to incorporate the effects of regional integration and industrialization in the Arab states of the Gulf. The discussion is organized into four parts.

M. Kadhim; B. Poulson

2009-01-01

129

76 FR 65365 - United States-OMAN Free Trade Agreement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...11-19] RIN 1515-AD68 United States-OMAN Free Trade Agreement AGENCIES: U.S...customs-related provisions of the United States--Oman Free Trade Agreement entered into by the United States and the Sultanate of Oman. DATES: Final rule effective...

2011-10-21

130

MEHRI AND HOBYOT SPOKEN IN OMAN AND YEMEN  

E-print Network

MEHRI AND HOBYOT SPOKEN IN OMAN AND YEMEN Marie-Claude SIMEONE-SENELLE (CNRS. France) simeone@vjf.cnrs.fr INTRODUCTION In the South of the Arabian Peninsula in the Sultanate of Oman and in the Republic of the Yemen in the Yemenite islands of Soqora, `Abd-el-Kri and Sama, all others are spoken in Oman. The six MSAL within

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

131

76 FR 697 - United States-Oman Free Trade Agreement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...11-01] RIN 1515-AD68 United States--Oman Free Trade Agreement AGENCY: U.S...customs-related provisions of the United States--Oman Free Trade Agreement entered into by the United States and the Sultanate of Oman. DATES: Interim rule effective...

2011-01-06

132

Strategic Brain Drain: Implications for Higher Education in Oman  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Oman will soon be producing three times more college graduates than there are jobs available in the country each year, forcing graduates to seek employment outside of Oman. Their success in securing and holding employment will be based more on training and performance than might be the case if they were working in Oman. If graduates find that the…

Al-Barwani, Thuwayba; Chapman, David W.; Ameen, Hana

2009-01-01

133

Oman AirChallenges Of Repositioning Through Business Level Strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This case study describes the journey of Oman Air, the flag carrier of the Sultanate of Oman from operating losses to profitability. The main concern of Oman Air's top management now is to consolidate these gains and to ensure sustained profitability and growth over the long term. The airline has faced challenges from existing and emerging competitors operating on both

James Rajasekar; Unnikammu Moideenkutty

2007-01-01

134

Institutions, Natural Resources, and Economic Development in the MENA Countries  

E-print Network

resource rent as a percentage of the GDP during the period from 1970 to 2101 is about 56% in Iraq, 49% in Kuwait, 46% in Qatar, 45% in Saudi Arabia, and 44% in Oman. This dependence on natural resources means that the economies in MENA countries... and developing economies respectively. The United Arab Emirates has the largest percent of FDI outflows in the MENA region on average with 29% then Qatar with 26% and Kuwait with 10 %. The countries in the MENA region with the smallest FDI outflows...

Alsayaary, Salah Saeed A.

2013-12-31

135

Oil slicks off the coast of Qatar, Persian Gulf  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A detailed view the port facility of Musay'id on the Qatar Peninsula, United Arab Emirates, Persian Gulf (25.0N, 52.5E). Part of a large oil spill seen as a dark toned mass in the water, covering much of the surface of the western Persian Gulf, has moved offshore in this scene. Qatar is one of several of the oil rich United Arab Emirate states. Oil spills and oil pollution of the environment commonly occur in oil tanker operations.

1983-01-01

136

Laboratory investigations of compatibility of the Kuwait Group aquifer, Kuwait, with possible injection waters  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A laboratory investigation of the compatibility of the Kuwait Group aquifer of Kuwait with desalinated seawater and reverse osmosis processed treated wastewater was carried out in anticipation of the artificial recharge of the aquifer in future. Even with the use of wax coating and freezing with liquid nitrogen, no core plugs could be extracted from the unconsolidated sections, and only the consolidated to semi-consolidated sections could be studied. The aquifer consists of silty and gravelly sand, and is often highly calcareous. The clay minerals present in the aquifer mostly belong to the montmorillonite and illite groups, with some palygorskite. Mercury injection porosimetry experiments on core plugs from the more cemented parts of the aquifer suggest that, to avoid significant clogging from suspended solids, particles down to a diameter of 8 ?m should be filtered out of the injection water. Core flow experiments suggest that, for the samples examined, loss of permeability due to clay swelling is not very important. The blocking of pore throats by moving fines may be a more serious problem during injection. The geochemical simulation indicates that the possibility of scale formation when the injection waters come in contact with the Kuwait Group formation water is remote. Rather, there is a possibility of dissolution of carbonate minerals in the aquifer in contact with the injection waters.

Mukhopadhyay, A.; Al-Awadi, E.; Oskui, R.; Hadi, K.; Al-Ruwaih, F.; Turner, M.; Akber, A.

2004-01-01

137

76 FR 23830 - Removing Designated Countries From the National Security Entry-Exit Registration System (NSEERS)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, North Korea, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia...Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, North Korea, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia...Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, North Korea, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia,...

2011-04-28

138

Qaharir Field, Oman: A textbook case  

SciTech Connect

Qaharir Field is located in the southern part of the Sultanate of Oman. Like several fields in South Oman, it produces a light oil with very little solution gas. Qaharir Field contains a large depletion reservoir and several natural water drive reservoirs. There is, therefore, a large variation in the primary recovery efficiencies. A recent petroleum engineering review of this field determined the reservoir drive mechanisms and provided a basis for further development plans. This review of Qaharir Field demonstrates the application of conventional reservoir engineering tools to gain an understanding of the reservoir in sufficient detail to select and plan the next development objectives.

O`Dell, P.M.

1995-12-31

139

Cyclone Gonu storm surge in Oman  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Super Cyclone Gonu is the strongest tropical cyclone on record in the Arabian Sea. Gonu caused coastal damage due to storm surge and storm wave impact as well as wadi flooding. High water marks, overland flow depths, and inundation distances were measured in the coastal flood zones along the Gulf of Oman from 1 to 4 August 2007. The high water marks peaked at Ras al-Hadd at the eastern tip of Oman exceeding 5 m. The storm surge of Gonu is modeled using the Advanced Circulation Model (ADCIRC). The multi-hazard aspect is analyzed by comparing observations from Cyclone Gonu with the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami.

Fritz, Hermann M.; Blount, Christopher D.; Albusaidi, Fawzi B.; Al-Harthy, Ahmed Hamoud Mohammed

2010-01-01

140

Spatial patterns of exogenous mortality in Kuwait.  

PubMed

"Exogenous causes [of death]...represent a serious threat to health in Kuwait, where they accounted for over 40 percent of the total mortality in 1985. This paper is concerned with the spatial distribution of these diseases. It will also help to reflect the influence of various social, economic, and demographic factors on the patterns of distribution. Mortality rates are calculated for 100,000 persons of the country's two communities: Kuwaitis and non-Kuwaitis.... In some parts of the country, and the Capital governorate in particular, nearly half of the deaths were caused by parasitic diseases. Other major causes are tuberculosis and intestinal infections.... Death tolls among Kuwaiti nationals are more than twice those of non-Kuwaitis." (SUMMARY IN JPN) PMID:12317799

Aziz, M M

1990-01-01

141

Migraine among medical students in Kuwait University  

PubMed Central

Background Medical students routinely have triggers, notably stress and irregular sleep, which are typically associated with migraine. We hypothesized that they may be at higher risk to manifest migraine. We aimed to determine the prevalence of migraine among medical students in Kuwait University. Methods This is cross-sectional, questionnaire-based study. Participants who had two or more headaches in the last 3 months were subjected to two preliminary questions and participants with at least one positive response were asked to perform the validated Identification of Migraine (ID Migraine™) test. Frequency of headache per month and its severity were also reported. Results Migraine headache was suggested in 27.9% subjects based on ID-Migraine™. Migraine prevalence (35.5% and 44%, versus 31.1%, 25%, 21.1%, 14.8%, 26.5%, p?Kuwait University compared to other published studies. The migraine prevalence, frequency and headache severity, all increased in the final two years of education. PMID:24886258

2014-01-01

142

Oil and gas developments in Middle East in 1985  

SciTech Connect

Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1985 totaled 3,837,580,000 bbl (an average rate of 10,513,917 BOPD), down 2.2% from the revised 1984 total of 3,924,034,000 bbl. Iran, Iraq, Dubai, Oman, and Syria had significant increases; Kuwait, Kuwait-Saudi Arabia Divided Neutral Zone, Saudi Arabia, and Qatar had significant decreases. New fields went on production in Iraq, Abu Dhabi, Oman, and Syria. In North Yemen, the first ever oil production in that country was nearing the start-up stage at year end. 9 figures, 9 tables.

Hemer, D.O.; Gohrbandt, K.H.A.

1986-10-01

143

Evanston Chicago -Qatar Emergency Response Framework Base Plan  

E-print Network

.0 Communications 33 3.1 Mass Notification Systems 33 4.0 Framework Maintenance 33 5.0 Training 34 5.1 Emergency Emergency Response Framework Base Plan Evanston ­ Chicago - Qatar #12;Emergency Response Framework Base Plan 2 FOREWORD Northwestern University has established th is Emergency Response Fram ework

Shahriar, Selim

144

Oman-India pipeline route survey  

SciTech Connect

Paper describes the geological setting in the Arabian Sea for a proposed 28-inch gas pipeline from Oman to India reaching 3,500-m water depths. Covers planning, execution, quality control and results of geophysical, geotechnical and oceanographic surveys. Outlines theory and application of pipeline stress analysis on board survey vessel for feasibility assessment, and specifies equipment used.

Mullee, J.E.

1995-12-01

145

Mapping oceanic ridge segments in Oman ophiolite  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the results of detailed mapping of high-temperature flow structures in the mantle and crust of two massifs of the Oman ophiolite. In these massifs, the dominant structures, including large-scale folds, shear zones, and fractures, were generated at elevated temperatures and are ascribed to the ridge or ridge environment activity; this means that the structural maps presented can

A. Nicolas; F. Boudier

1995-01-01

146

Ambivalent Journey: Teacher Career Paths in Oman  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the career paths of 625 university graduates who prepared to be secondary school teachers in Oman, their assessment of their current work situation, and the extent to which their initial commitment to teaching was related to their subsequent career satisfaction and intention to remain in teaching. While nearly all graduates…

Chapman, David W.; Al-Barwani, Thuwayba; Al Mawali, Fathiya; Green, Elizabeth

2012-01-01

147

Oman loop line and replacement project  

SciTech Connect

Additional production in the north oil fields of Oman created the need for a new pipeline system to expand and replace the present system. The system created to handle the increased crude production consisted of 51 miles of 28 in. 25 miles of 30 in., and 56 miles of 42 in. pipelines. Pipe specifications and welding details for constructing the pipeline are presented.

Not Available

1984-08-01

148

P.O. Box 34102 | Education City | Doha, Qatar T +974 4454 5000 | F +974 4454 5180 | www.qatar.northwestern.edu  

E-print Network

on hand at the dedication. NU-Q's JAB includes HE Sheikha Hind Bint Hamad Al-Thani, president of Hamad bin Khalifa University and vice president for education at Qatar of His Highness the Emir Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al-Thani and of Qatar

Chen, Wei

149

The Pattern of Female Nuptiality in Oman  

PubMed Central

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine Omani patterns of female nuptiality, including the timing of marriage and determinants of age at a woman’s first marriage. Methods: The study utilised data from the 2000 Oman National Health Survey. Univariate, bivariate, and multivariate statistical methods, including logistic regression analysis, were used for data analysis. Results: One of the most important aspects of the marriage pattern in Oman is the high prevalence of consanguineous marriages, as more than half (52%) of the total marriages in Oman are consanguineous. First cousin unions are the most common type of consanguineous unions, constituting 39% of all marriages and 75% of all consanguineous marriages. About 11% of the marriages are polygynous. Early and universal marriage is still highly prevalent in Oman. Three-quarters (75%) of married women respondents aged 20–44 years were married by age 20, with their median age at their first wedding being 16 years. However, women’s average age upon marriage is gradually increasing. The change is especially apparent in more recent marriages or among younger cohorts of women, and for certain socio-cultural groups. Multivariate analysis identified female education, age cohort, residential status, region of residence, types of marriage, and employment as strong predictors of Omani women’s age at marriage. Conclusion: The growing number of young adults, accompanied by their tendency to delay marriage, may have serious demographic, social, economic, and political ramifications for Oman, highlighting the need to understand the new situation of youth, their unique characteristics, and their interests and demands. Culturally appropriate policies need to be implemented to address the issues and challenges of unmarried young adults. PMID:23573380

Islam, M. Mazharul; Dorvlo, Atsu S.; Al-Qasmi, Ahmed M.

2013-01-01

150

Industrial progress in small oil-exporting countries: The prospect for Kuwait  

SciTech Connect

This book presents papers on the petroleum and manufacturing industries of Kuwait. Topics considered include Kuwait's economic strategy, some aspects of economic and social development in Kuwait, the growth pattern and the structure of the manufacturing sector, an optimal industrial mix for Kuwait, determinants of proper industrial technology, alternative pricing policies and energy sources, forecasting industrial output and employment, alternative income redistribution schemes, growth and export expansion in developing countries, and cooperation among private industrial sectors of the Arab Gulf States.

Girgis, M.

1984-01-01

151

75 FR 13051 - Presumptions of Service Connection for Persian Gulf Service  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Bahrain, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, Oman, the Gulf of Aden, the Gulf of Oman, the Persian Gulf, the Arabian Sea, the Red...Bahrain, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, Oman, the Gulf of Aden, the Gulf of Oman, the...

2010-03-18

152

‘A Vulnerable Point in the Sterling Area’: Kuwait in the 1950s  

Microsoft Academic Search

The extraordinary expansion in Kuwait's oil revenues in the 1950s presented Britain with a formidable challenge. Britain's relative indifference to Kuwait before 1939 had allowed the Shaikhdom to develop a strong sense of independence, especially in the conduct of internal affairs. Local autonomy, however, conflicted with Britain's determination to manage the economy of Kuwait in a manner which would bring

Simon C. Smith

2003-01-01

153

MEW Efforts in Reducing Electricity and Water Consumption in Government and Private Sectors in Kuwait  

E-print Network

-use in the areas of (Jaber al-Ahmad, and AL-Kairouan) 4 Action plan study (monitoring and evaluation of the quality of drinking water in the State of Kuwait) Energy-Efficient Design of Low-Rise Residential Buildings in Kuwait (ASHRAE 90.2 ? Kuwait...

Al-Tayar, I.

2011-01-01

154

Aquifer characteristics and water quality of Miocene–Pleistocene sediments, Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Al-Atraf is one of the water well fields of Kuwait supplying Kuwait City with the brackish groundwater obtained from the Kuwait Group aquifer of Miocene–Pleistocene age. The study determined the hydrogeological and hydrochemical characteristics of the groundwater in order to identify the major chemical processes that influence the groundwater quality of the study area. The results of the aquifer test

F. M. Al-Ruwaih; H. A. Qabazard

2005-01-01

155

Characterizing surface temperature and clarity of Kuwait's seawaters using remotely sensed measurements and GIS analyses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Kuwait sea surface temperature (SST) and water clarity are important water characteristics that influence the entire Kuwait coastal ecosystem. The spatial and temporal distributions of these important water characteristics should be well understood to obtain a better knowledge about this productive coastal environment. The aim of this project was therefore to study the spatial and temporal distributions of: Kuwait SST

Mohammad M. M. Alsahli

2009-01-01

156

Autosomal recessive disorders among Arabs: an overview from Kuwait.  

PubMed Central

Kuwait has a cosmopolitan population of 1.7 million, mostly Arabs. This population is a mosaic of large and small minorities representing most Arab communities. In general, Kuwait's population is characterized by a rapid rate of growth, large family size, high rates of consanguineous marriages within the Arab communities with low frequency of intermarriage between them, and the presence of genetic isolates and semi-isolates in some extended families and Bedouin tribes. Genetic services have been available in Kuwait for over a decade. During this time it has become clear that Arabs have a high frequency of genetic disorders, and in particular autosomal recessive traits. Their pattern is unique and some disorders are relatively common. Examples are Bardet-Biedl and Meckel syndromes, phenylketonuria, and familial Mediterranean fever. A relatively large number of new syndromes and variants have been delineated in Kuwait's population, many being the result of homozygosity for autosomal recessive genes that occurred because of inbreeding. Some of these syndromes have subsequently been found in other parts of the world, negating the concept of the private syndrome. This paper provides an overview of autosomal recessive disorders among the Arabs in Kuwait from a personal perspective and published studies, and highlights the need for genetic services in Arab countries with the goal of prevention and treatment of genetic disorders. PMID:8014972

Teebi, A S

1994-01-01

157

Oman shows vision in leading Middle Eastern drilling  

SciTech Connect

Oman produced more than 600,000 bopd for the first time in 1988. The country led the Middle East in total wells drilled for the third consecutive year. This article presents an interview with H.E. Said bin Ahmed al-Shanfari, Oman's Minister of Petroleum and Minerals. Topics discussed include Oman's future production plans, Opec, future exploratory areas, and petroleum export levels.

Ahmed-al Shanfari, S.B. (Minister of Petroleum and Minerals, Muscat, Sultanate of Oman (SA))

1989-12-01

158

Radon concentrations in elementary schools in Kuwait.  

PubMed

Measurements of indoor radon concentrations were performed in 25 classrooms in the capital city of Kuwait from September 2003 to March 2004 using track etch detectors. The investigation was focused on area, ventilation, windows, air conditioners, fans, and floor number. All the schools have nearly the same design. Mean indoor radon concentration was higher for case subjects (classrooms) than for control subjects (locations in inert gas, p < 0.001). The mean alpha dose equivalent rate for case subjects, 0.97 +/- 0.25 mSv y, was higher than the radiation dose equivalent rate value of control subjects, 0.43 +/- 0.11 mSv y. The average radon concentrations were found to be 16 +/- 4 Bq m for the first floor and 19 +/- 4.8 Bq m for the second floor after subtraction of the control. These values lead to average effective dose equivalent rates of 0.40 +/- 0.10 and 0.48 +/- 0.12 mSv y, respectively. The equilibrium factor between radon and its progeny was found to be 0.6 +/- 0.2. PMID:16505623

Maged, A F

2006-03-01

159

Kuwait oil fires - Compositions of source smoke  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

While the Kuwait oil-fire smoke plumes manifested a pronounced impact on solar radiation in the Gulf region (such as visibility and surface temperatures), smoke plume concentrations of combustion-generated pollutants suggest that the overall chemical impact on the atmosphere of the smoke from these fires was probably much less than anticipated. Combustion in the Kuwaiti oil fires was surprisingly efficient, releasing on average more than 93 percent of the combusted hydrocarbon fuels as CO2. Correspondingly, combustion-produced quantities of carbon monoxide (CO) and carbonaceous particles were low, each about 2 percent by weight. The fraction of CH4 produced by the fires was also relatively low (about 0.2 percent), but source emissions of nonmethane hydrocarbons were high (about 2 percent). Processes other than combustion (e.g., volatilization) probably contributed significantly to the measured in-plume hydrocarbon concentrations. Sulfur emissions (particulate and gaseous) measured at the source fires were lower (about 0.5 percent) than predicted based on average sulfur contents in the crude. N2O emissions from the Kuwaiti oil fires were very low and often could not be distinguished from background concentrations.

Cofer, Wesley R., III; Stevens, Robert K.; Winstead, Edward L.; Pinto, Joseph P.; Sebacher, Daniel I.; Abdulraheem, Mahmood Y.; Al-Sahafi, Mohammed; Mazurek, Monica A.; Rasmussen, Rei A.; Cahoon, Donald R.

1992-01-01

160

Martian Meteorite Discovered in Oman Desert  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A fist-sized meteorite with a mineralogy and isotopic signature suggesting Martian origin has been discovered by Swiss researchers in the Sayh al Uhaymir region of desert in Oman. On June 15, scientists at the University of Bern announced their finding of the Martian meteorite, named Sayh al Uhaymir 094 and one of only eighteen known on Earth. Only recently have scientists been combing the deserts for Martian meteorites; previously they were collected mainly from the Antarctic. Finding these rare rocks from Mars is an exciting and inexpensive way to collect data, including information on possible water or life, from the Red Planet. This week's In the News takes a look at the Oman discovery and Martian meteorites in general.

Sanders, Hilary C.

2001-01-01

161

WHO Collaborating Centre for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome for the Eastern Mediterranean Regional Office, Faculty of Medicine, Kuwait University, Kuwait.  

PubMed

In the early 1980s, the World Health Organization (WHO) designated the Virology Unit of the Faculty of Medicine, Health Sciences Centre, Kuwait University, Kuwait, a collaborating centre for AIDS for the Eastern Mediterranean Regional Office (EMRO), recognizing it to be in compliance with WHO guidelines. In this centre, research integral to the efforts of WHO to combat AIDS is conducted. In addition to annual workshops and symposia, the centre is constantly updating and renewing its facilities and capabilities in keeping with current and latest advances in virology. As an example of the activities of the centre, the HIV-1 RNA viral load in plasma samples of HIV-1 patients is determined by real-time PCR using the AmpliPrep TaqMan HIV-1 test v2.0. HIV-1 drug resistance is determined by sequencing the reverse transcriptase and protease regions on the HIV-1 pol gene, using the TRUGENE HIV-1 Genotyping Assay on the OpenGene® DNA Sequencing System. HIV-1 subtypes are determined by sequencing the reverse transcriptase and protease regions on the HIV-1 pol gene using the genotyping assays described above. A fundamental program of Kuwait's WHO AIDS collaboration centre is the national project on the surveillance of drug resistance in human deficiency virus in Kuwait, which illustrates how the centre and its activities in Kuwait can serve the EMRO region of WHO. PMID:24434786

Altawalah, Haya; Al-Nakib, Widad

2014-01-01

162

Collection and transportation cost of household solid waste in Kuwait.  

PubMed

The specific aim of this funded research project was to examine and evaluate the efficiency and the effectiveness of the municipal solid waste collection and transportation system in the State of Kuwait. The contract resources of the seven contracting firms, the annual contract budgets, and the district area and population of each service contract are presented. Service efficiency and effectiveness indicators for each collection/disposal contract are also computed and discussed. The cost of collection and transportation of household waste in Kuwait is also compared with those of a number of urban areas in other nations. The low energy and manpower costs are mainly responsible for the favorable cost of management, collection and transportation of residential waste in Kuwait. PMID:15504673

Koushki, P A; Al-Duaij, U; Al-Ghimlas, W

2004-01-01

163

Modelling of air pollution impacts from power stations in Kuwait  

SciTech Connect

Kuwait is undergoing rapid development with fast growth of both urban and industrial areas. The environmental impact of such activities is already noticeable. Conditions are therefore favorable for the use of air pollution models to supply adequate tools for effective air quality management in Kuwait. The Industrial Source Complex Long Term (ISCLT) dispersion model was developed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in response to the need for comprehensive analytical techniques that can be used to evaluate the air quality impact of emissions from industrial sources. This model was used to predict the air quality impact of SO{sub 2} emissions from the Doha East and West Power Stations in Kuwait. The meteorological and emissions data and the seasonal and annual SO{sub 2} concentrations emitted from the power stations are described.

Al-Ajmi, D.N.; Abdal, Y. (Kuwait Inst. of Scientific Research (Kuwait))

1987-01-01

164

Steam-soak performance in south Oman  

SciTech Connect

With about 2 {times} 10{sup 9} stock-tank m{sup 3} (12.6 {times} 10{sup 9} STB) of medium/heavy oil originally in place (OOIP) in south Oman, considerable scope exists for increasing oil recovery by thermal methods. The viability of thermal recovery in south Oman was tested with a steamflood pilot in the Al Khlata sands of the Marmul field and a 2-year steam-soak project to test the applicability of steam soak in five south Oman oil fields producing heavy oil. This paper describes the performance of the latter project. The wells selected for the test program included a wide range of south Oman reservoir and oil characteristics i.e., the main reservoir drive mechanisms of depletion, solution-gas, and edge- and bottomwater drive, the reservoir sandbody types, and oil viscosities from 80 to 4000 mPa {center dot} s (80 to 4,000 cp). Steam-soak operations were successful, and oil production accelerated significantly, with an average stimulate production rate twice that before stimulation. Acceleration was less marked in wells where reservoir energy is limited or where the primary (cold) water cut is more than 30%. At primary (cold) water cuts {gt}50%, no increase in oil production rate was observed. The process was simulated numerically for several wells, with the results in close agreement with performance. Improved understanding of the process resulting from the simulation allowed the most important factors influencing performance to be identified and aided process optimization in the field test. Two small-scale steam-soak projects currently are being assessed for implementatioimplementation in the early 1990's.

Rice, S.A. (Koninklijke Shell E and P Lab. (NL))

1991-11-01

165

Star Clocks and Water Management in Oman  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For centuries, if not millennia, the farmers of Oman have used the stars and sun for timing their share of water from gravity-fed irrigation systems (afl?j). When wristwatches became widely available in the late 1960s, many communities abandoned the traditional methods. Today, the use of stars for this purpose survives in eight communities. This contribution focuses on the near extinct system of time reckoning with stars.

Nash, Harriet

166

Hydrographic Variability off the Coast of Oman  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Data from hydrographic transects made in 2001 and 2002 and between 2007 and 2009 were obtained from the Oman Ministry of Fisheries Wealth. Property-depth plots of temperature, salinity, and dissolved oxygen were produced for all transects and in all months for which data were available. These were analyzed for temporal and spatial variability. For all transects, there exist large variability on various timescales, with strong spatial variability. Two common features that are seen in the hydrographic data sets are the Persian Gulf Water (PGW) and a layer of continuous low oxygen concentrations in the lower part of the water column. Plots of salinity produced for transects located in the northern part of the Gulf of Oman show a one-unit increase in salinity of the water at the bottom of deepest station during the months of August and September as compared to the other months. Similarly, cross-shelf contour plots of temperature shows an increase in water temperature near the bottom station during the months of August and September. These indicate the presence of the PGW outflow in the northern part of the Gulf of Oman. For dissolved oxygen distributions, hydrographic transects that did not extend far offshore show monthly differences in the presence of water with low oxygen concentrations. For transects that do extend far offshore and also show a layer of low oxygen water throughout the year, there is generally a monthly difference on whether this water is found close to the surface or deeper in the water column. The variability seen in the data could only be explained by comparing these data to data collected from the real time cable ocean observing system installed by Lighthouse R &D Enterprise in the Oman Sea and the Arabian Sea in 2005. The analysis of these data reveal that the variability observed is related to processes such as ocean conditions, monsoonal cycle, and extreme weather events.

Belabbassi, L.; Dimarco, S. F.; Jochens, A. E.; Al Gheilani, H.; Wang, Z.

2010-12-01

167

Parameterization of turbulence characteristics of Atmospheric surface layer in Qatar  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Turbulent characteristics of atmospheric boundary layer are of utmost importance in modeling the large-scale meteorological processes, diffusion of atmospheric contaminants, heat transfer and evaporation from the earth surface. Available data are for some areas on the globe and are really sparse in tropical regions, except a few recent studies in Asia. There had been some recent studies in tropical weather in southwestern Asia but no study is carried out in Persian Gulf region. An atmospheric measurement station has been designed and installed in a site in the coastal region of Doha, Qatar, to characterize the nature of atmosphere surface layer (ASL) and ocean wave characteristics in this field. The aim of the present study is to report the micrometeorological data collected from this site. The normalized variation of the turbulent velocity components and temperature were studied using Monin-Obukhov similarity theory (MOST). This study also attempts to verify the validity of MOST in the context of the data collected for a marine ASL in Qatar, and compares the modeling parameters with other investigations around the world. This is the first ever study of ASL in this area, and is expected to be a foundation of further atmospheric research endeavors in Qatar.

Singha, Arindam; Sadr, Reza

2011-11-01

168

The relative economic progress of male foreign workers in Kuwait.  

PubMed

"A human capital framework is utilized to examine the economic progress of nine nationality groups of foreign workers [in Kuwait] using data from the 1983 national Labor Survey. The sources of earnings' variations of particular interest to us included different degrees of education and experience transferability, occupational affiliation and ethnic background. In general, the results derived from the analysis suggest that 1) foreign workers achieve a discernible economic progress as their residence lengthens; 2) the rate of economic progress varies depending on worker's education, home and Kuwait-specific experience, occupational status and ethnic background; and 3) about one third of the earnings inequality is due to unexplained factors including discrimination." PMID:12316774

Al-qudsi, S S; Shah, N M

1991-01-01

169

Hydrogeologic role in sinkhole development in the desert of Kuwait  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sinkhole development is unlikely in desert areas with very low precipitation. However, a few cases of land subsidence and sinkhole development took place within the suburbs of Kuwait City. A few sinkholes developed in a sudden and rapid way, leading to great economic losses. In this paper the mechanism and causes of such a land subsidence are described. Decline in groundwater level and downward infiltration of excess irrigation are suggested to be the main factors in the development of the land subsidence in Kuwait. Urbanization and excessive garden irrigation are most probably the triggers of the sudden and rapid land subsidence.

Shaqour, F.

1994-04-01

170

Concentration of selected radionuclides in seawater from Kuwait.  

PubMed

No baseline existed for the radionuclides in Kuwait territorial water. With changing trend in the region to embrace nuclear energy, the baseline study is imperative to create a reference and to record the influence-functioning of upcoming power plants. The first one in Bushehr, Iran is ready to start and several more are likely to come-up in UAE, Saudi Arabia and Kuwait. The present baseline concentration of the four considered radionuclide's show low concentration of tritium, polonium, strontium and cesium; their concentration is comparable to most oceanic waters. PMID:22444480

Uddin, Saif; Al Ghadban, Abdul Nabi; Aba, Abdulaziz; Behbehani, Montaha

2012-06-01

171

Small Steps Lead to Quality Assurance and Enhancement in Qatar University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a brief overview of Qatar University's history since it was started in 1973. Its primary focus is on the various small, but important, steps taken by the University to address the needs of quality assurance and enhancement. The Qatar University Reform Plan is described in detail. Its aims are to continually improve the quality…

Al Attiyah, Asma; Khalifa, Batoul

2009-01-01

172

The Migrant Effect: An Evaluation of Native Academic Performance in Qatar  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent data have suggested that despite massive outlays on educational reform Qatar consistently ranks as one of the least academically proficient countries in key areas of literacy. Of the seventy-four countries that participated in PISA 2009 Qatar ranked between sixty-seven and sixty-nine in mathematics, reading and science literacy. Although…

Cheema, Jehanzeb R.

2014-01-01

173

Teacher Perceptions of Professional Development in the Context of National Educational Reform: The Case of Qatar  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In light of nationally mandated educational changes in Qatar, this study investigates in-service teachers' perceptions of professional development (PD). The aims are to identify challenges facing teachers' PD. The respondents were 40 in-service teachers from two schools in Doha, Qatar, who had received PD connected with national educational…

Nasser, Ramzi; Romanowski, Michael

2011-01-01

174

The Implementation of NVQs in the Sultanate of Oman  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains that the Sultanate of Oman is the only country in the world, other than the UK, to have adopted the national vocational qualification NVQ as its national system for vocational training. Assesses the extent to which centres in Oman have been successful in implementing the NVQ, and the extent to which the NVQ has contributed towards…

Wilkins, Stephen

2002-01-01

175

Hydrogen generation from mantle source rocks in Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

Isotopic and chemical evidence is adduced for the H gas associated with Ca(2+)OH-rich alkaline groundwaters presently emanating from ultramafic rocks of the Oman ophiolite which indicates that H is formed by low - temperature redox reactions in a closed groundwater environment. This normally cryptic hydrospheric process is fortuitously revealed by the unusual hydrogeological conditions in Oman, where O is totally

C. Neal; G. Stanger

1983-01-01

176

The Emergence of Libraries in the Sultanate of Oman.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes developments in library services that took place in Oman from 1970-90 and discusses the current status of library development. Topics discussed include the rapid social and economic development in Oman, the lack of human and physical resources, the lack of a national library, and deficiencies in school libraries. (five references) (LRW)

Karim, Bakri Musa A.

1991-01-01

177

Masirah Graben, Oman: A hidden Cretaceous rift basin  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reflection seismic data, well data, geochemical data, and surface geology suggest that a Cretaceous rift basin exists beneath the thrusted allochthonous sedimentary sequence of the Masirah graben, Oman. The Masirah graben is located east of the Huqf uplift, parallel to the southern coast of Oman. The eastern side of the northeast-trending Huqf anticlinorium is bounded by an extensional fault system

W. H. Beauchamp; A. C. Ries; M. P. Coward

1995-01-01

178

Wagner's hypothesis: evidence from Kuwait using cointegration tests  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the relationship between public expenditure and a number of socioeconomic variables, including the level of income, in Kuwait. A general form of the public expenditure function is formulated and recent developments in time series econometrics, including unit roots and cointegration tests, and an error-correction model are used. Given the characteristics of the economy, alternative measures for each

Nadeem A. Burney

2002-01-01

179

The pricing of audit services: evidence from Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The main objective of this study is to investigate factors influencing the amount of external audit fees in Kuwait. Of particular interest is the examination of the potential effect of the client size, client complexity, client risk, and the size of the audit firm on external audit fees. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – An audit fee model is used to examine

Meshari O. Al-Harshani

2008-01-01

180

Environmental management of construction and demolition waste in Kuwait.  

PubMed

There is an increasing pressure on the construction industry to reduce costs and improve the quality of our environment. The fact is that both of these goals can be achieved at the same time. Although construction and demolition (C&D) constitutes a major source of waste in terms of volume and weight, its management and recycling efforts have not yet seen the light in Kuwait. This study focuses on recycling efforts leading to the minimization of the total C&D waste that is currently landfilled in Kuwait. This paper presents the current status of C&D waste disposal system in Kuwait and identifies the potential problems to the environment, people and economy. Then, it investigates alternative solutions to manage and control this major type of waste in an economically efficient and environmentally safe manner. Next, the paper describes the feasibility of establishing a C&D waste recycling facility in Kuwait. It concludes by highlighting the major benefits and bottleneck problems with such a recycling facility. PMID:15567670

Kartam, Nabil; Al-Mutairi, Nayef; Al-Ghusain, Ibrahim; Al-Humoud, Jasem

2004-01-01

181

Economies of scale and utilization in electricity generation in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cost structure of electricity generation in Kuwait has been examined, with specific focus on the economies of scale and utilization. This has been done by estimating a translog variable-cost function using time-series data covering the period from 1965 to 1990. The results indicate the existence of diseconomies of scale in the generation of electricity, but no economies or diseconomies of

Nadeem A. Burney

1998-01-01

182

Refining Procedures: A Needs Analysis Project at Kuwait University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines the procedures followed in the needs analysis (NA) project carried out in 1996 at the College of Petroleum and Engineering at Kuwait University. Focuses on the steps taken in the project and the rationale behind them. Offers an illustration of an NA project and to show the procedural steps involved. (Author/VWL)

Basturkmen, Helen

1998-01-01

183

The outcome of placenta accreta in Kuwait (1981–1993)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To study the demographic characteristics of patients with placenta accreta and to identify the clinical features, maternal and neonatal complications of this condition. Methods: Sixteen cases of placenta accreta were identified in the Maternity Hospital of Kuwait during the period January 1981 to July 1993. Medical records were reviewed regarding past obstetric history, type of placenta, clinical presentation, maternal

M. Makhseed; M. A. Moussa

1995-01-01

184

Oxidation states of uranium in depleted uranium particles from Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

The oxidation states of uranium in depleted uranium (DU) particles were determined by synchrotron radiation based ?-XANES, applied to individual particles isolated from selected samples collected at different sites in Kuwait. Based on scanning electron microscopy with X-ray microanalysis prior to ?-XANES, DU particles ranging from submicrons to several hundred micrometers were observed. The median particle size depended on sources

B. Salbu; K. Janssens; O. C. Lind; K. Proost; L. Gijsels; P. R. Danesi

2004-01-01

185

Fifty years of MSF desalination in Kuwait and sustainability issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

Kuwait was the first country in the world to adopt desalting water as the main source of fresh water in the world. It was also the first to use the multi stage flash MSF desalting system in its present design in 1960. Many questions are raised about the sustainability of using seawater desalination as a main source of fresh water

M. A. Darwish; Ali Darwish; Amina Darwish

2011-01-01

186

Aeolian processes and sand encroachment problems in Kuwait  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The surface of Kuwait is carved in a calcretized clastic sequence of Miocene-Pleistocene age, mostly covered by a thin blanket of recent aeolian deposits. Fast rate of development and increase of human activities contributed to denudation of the vegetative cover and exposure of dry, loose sediments to wind action. At present, Kuwait is intensively subjected to aeolian actions manifested by frequent occurrences of sand and dust storms. This dictated the need for regional understanding of the magnitude of the aeolian processes, their behavior with man-made establishments, and their long- and short-term impacts. A comparison between the nature and distribution of recent surface sediments in Kuwait in 1979 and 1990 shows significant changes that reflect the work of aeolian processes during this period. The direct impact of the enhancement of aeolian action is represented by the increase in the rate of sediment transport. Transportation of fine-grained particles in suspension frequently occurs during dust storms usually initiated in southern Iraq. The particles migrate over Kuwait as thick dust clouds and finally settle in the northern part of the Arabian Gulf. Bedload transport of sand, or saltation, frequently occurs during summer whenever wind speed reaches 5.4 m/s. The average annual sand drift rate in Kuwait is about 20 m 3 (m width) -1 yr -1, the majority of the drift occurring during the period May-August, to the southeast. Bedform transport or sand dune movement is also recognized in Kuwait. Sand dunes mostly occur as small barchans of about 3 m height. The measured rate of movement of these barchans varies with height. A barchan of average height usually moves about 20 m in nine monthes (January-August). The remarkable high rate of sand transport and the increase in development activities in the desert areas, are responsible for the enhancement of the sand encroachment problems in Kuwait. Almost all installations, roads, and farms are significantly affected by the accumulation of considerable amounts of aeolian sand. These problems have pronounced adverse environmental and economic impacts.

Khalaf, F. I.; Al-Ajmi, D.

1993-01-01

187

Subsidence in magma chamber and the development of magmatic foliation in Oman ophiolite gabbros  

E-print Network

Subsidence in magma chamber and the development of magmatic foliation in Oman ophiolite gabbros Keywords: Oman ophiolite fast spreading ridges magma chamber gabbro subsidence In the Oman ophiolite the ridge axis. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. 1. Introduction The Oman ophiolite is regarded

Demouchy, Sylvie

188

Geochemical variability of the Oman ophiolite lavas: Relationship with spatial distribution and paleomagnetic  

E-print Network

Geochemical variability of the Oman ophiolite lavas: Relationship with spatial distribution in the extrusive section of the Oman ophiolite was determined by inductively coupled plasma-source mass lavas types in Oman. Most of the Oman ophiolite extrusive sequence is composed of lavas of composition

Demouchy, Sylvie

189

Fracture control for the Oman India Pipeline  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the evaluation of the resistance to fracture initiation and propagation for the high-strength, heavy-wall pipe required for the Oman India Pipeline (OIP). It discusses the unique aspects of this pipeline and their influence on fracture control, reviews conventional fracture control design methods, their limitations with regard to the pipe in question, the extent to which they can be utilized for this project, and other approaches being explored. Test pipe of the size and grade required for the OIP show fracture toughness well in excess of the minimum requirements.

Bruno, T.V.

1996-12-31

190

Geminids 2012 - a spectacular show from Oman  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Geminids are the most reliable prominent meteor shower currently visible. They can be observed from the whole northern hemisphere and even low southern latitudes as well. Nevertheless, as the weather is often unfavourable in Central Europe during December, a six-day-long visual observing campaign was carried out from Oman in 2012. There observing conditions were nearly perfect, especially in the Rub al-Khali desert in the western part of the country. As a consequence, we managed to record more than 1800 Geminids within almost 45 hours of effective observing time. An impression of the campaign together with a summary of the results is given.

Weiland, Thomas; Bettonvil, Felix

2014-02-01

191

Shuaiba reservoir geological study, Yibal Field, Oman  

SciTech Connect

The Yibal oil field in west central Oman is a large dome created by deep-seated salt movement. The maximum oil column is 370 feet and the productive area is about 7 by 10 kilometers. The structure is complicated by extensive tensional faulting. The main oil accumulation is in the Shuaiba Chalk overlain disconformably by the Nahr Umr Shale. The Shuaiba reservoir is in pressure communication with the underlying Kharaib Formation. It is speculated that early accumulation of oil played a major role in preserving the high porosity and greater crestal reservoir thickness by inhibiting diagenetic processes.

Litsey, L.R.; Al-Hinai, K.M.; DisMukes, N.B.; Mac Bride, W.L.

1983-03-01

192

Qatar biomedical and cancer publications in PubMed between 2000 and 2012  

PubMed Central

Background: The aim of this work was to analyse the past trends of biomedical and cancer publications from Qatar listed on PubMed for the years 2000–2012. These findings were then compared with the corresponding global number of publications. Methods: PubMed was searched for cancer publications, clinical trials, publications on humans or other species. Searching for “Qatar*” in the “Affiliation” field yielded the lowest number of publications; searching for “Qatar*” in the “Affiliation” or in “Title/Abstract” yielded a moderate number of results and searching for “Qatar*” in the “Affiliation” or “Title/Abstract” or “Text Word” fields yielded the highest number of publications. The annual percentage change (APC) from one year to the next was calculated for the population and each type of publication. Information on the population of Qatar was gathered from the website of Qatar Statistics Authority to determine the correlation of papers published per 1000 population. Results: The number of publications retrieved from PubMed was not particularly different for each variation of search carried out. However, the most representative number of publications was retrieved upon searching for “Qatar*” in the “Affiliation” or in “Title/Abstract” fields. Between the years 2000 and 2012, the total number of biomedical publications from Qatar increased 24 times with an average APC of 33.4%, which was found to be more than the APC of the population in Qatar which averaged at 9%. The number of biomedical publications per 1000 population increased from 0.02 in 2000 to 0.15% in 2012. Most publications retrieved were humans studies and occasionally were for other animal species. Cancer publications in Qatar represented 16.9% of the total publications and the number of cancer publications per 1000 population increased from 0% in 2000 to 0.02% in 2012. Publications classified as clinical trials represented 4.6% of Qatar biomedical publications. Publication of cancer clinical trials were very rare (0.4%). Conclusions: Despite the obvious increase in Qatar biomedical and cancer publications in PubMed, the absolute numbers were relatively small. While strategies are in place, leaders of Qatar biomedical research need to consider increasing cancer research and clinical trials to meet the country's needs. Linking research output to researchers, research facilities and research funding is needed. PMID:25320690

Zeeneldin, Ahmed A.; Taha, Fatma Mohamed

2014-01-01

193

78 FR 39712 - Critical Infrastructure Protection and Cyber Security Trade Mission to Saudi Arabia and Kuwait...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Critical Infrastructure Protection and Cyber Security Trade Mission to Saudi Arabia and Kuwait Clarification and Amendment AGENCY: International Trade Administration, Department of Commerce....

2013-07-02

194

Factors affecting employment in the Arabian Gulf region, 1975-1985.  

PubMed

"This paper attempts to shed light on factors contributing to the identification of the main employment patterns in the countries of the Arab Gulf region. It also seeks to answer the question of how determinants of employment vary between national and foreign workforces and whether these determinants have changed over time." The countries concerned are Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. PMID:12287526

Looney, R E

1991-01-01

195

Middle East: Output expansions boost drilling  

SciTech Connect

Iraqi exports may return to the market in limited fashion, but none of the region`s producers seems particularly concerned. They believe that global oil demand is rising fast enough to justify their additions to productive capacity. The paper discusses exploration, drilling and development, and production in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, the Neutral Zone, Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Oman, Iran, Iraq, Yemen, Qatar, Syria, Turkey, and Sharjah. The paper also briefly mentions activities in Bahrain, Israel, Jordan, and Ras al Khaimah.

NONE

1996-08-01

196

Absorptive capacity of Kuwait: domestic and international perspectives  

SciTech Connect

Kuwait is a small country with a small population and little industry to absorb the income from its oil exports. Dwindling internal investment opportunities had already presented the problems of surplus wealth before the emergence of OPEC in the 1970s and the resultant price hike in crude oil. The problem of absorptive capacity and its role in long-range planning have become more acute since. An overview of the economic, political, and social constraints confronting Kuwait's leaders provides insight into the structure and policies of the country and information on Kuwaiti relations with other Arab nations as well as with the rest of the world. Using a macroeconomic approach, the authors build a forecasting model to project future absorptive-capacity problems, and they provide optimistic solutions for the betterment of the entire region. 63 references, 3 figures, 48 tables.

El Mallakh, R.; Atta, J.K.

1981-01-01

197

The crisis in Kuwait and U. S. refiners' travail  

SciTech Connect

The August 2, 1990, invasion of Kuwait on the part of Iraq has set in motion an accelerated domino affect in US fuels markets. The impact on US refiners has been generally negative, both in terms of margins and perceptions of same. This issue of Energy Detente (ED) updates a few directional indicators that affect refining margins and considers longer-term refining capacity requirements in the US. ED feels the invasion of Kuwait might force oil companies to allocate more talent, time, and financial resources to public affairs. This issue also contains the following: (1) The ED Refining Netback Data Series for the US Gulf and West Coasts, Rotterdam, and Singapore as of Aug. 24, 1990; and (2) the ED Fuel Price/Tax Series for countries of the Eastern Hemisphere Aug. 1990 edition. 4 figs., 5 tabs.

Not Available

1990-08-31

198

An assessment of on-job training programmes in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Like most of the states in the Gulf region, Kuwait suffers from an acute shortage of skilled and semi-skilled Kuwaiti manpower in almost all sectors of the economy. In 1990, the labour force was 2,120,302 of which 1,552,225 were non-Kuwaitis (73%), and only 568,007 (27%) were Kuwaitis (Ministry of Planning, 1995). The country depends very heavily on expatriates. The Gulf

Salahaldeen Al-Ali

1997-01-01

199

The efficiency of public schools: the case of Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the technical, and allocative efficiencies of public schools in Kuwait over four levels of schooling (kindergartens, primary, intermediate and secondary) and two periods (1999\\/2000 and 2004\\/2005) using data envelopment analysis. Mean pure technical efficiency varies between 0.695 and 0.852 across all levels of education; the majority of schools at kindergarten, primary and intermediate levels are operating at

Nadeem A. Burney; Jill Johnes; Mohammed Al-Enezi; Marwa Al-Musallam

2011-01-01

200

Characterisation of DU Particles from Kosovo and Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Large amounts of DU material has been released to the environmentin Kosovo and Kuwait due to the use of depleted uranium (DU)\\u000a ammunitionduring the 1991 Gulf war and the 1999 Balkan conflict. Following the impact ofmetallic DU penetrators on solid targets,\\u000a DU particles are dispersed and ignited,and uranium in the particles is oxidized. Following inhalation or ingestion ofDU particles,\\u000a the

Ole Christian Lind; Brit Salbu; Koen Janssens; Kristof Proost; Pier Roberto Danesi

201

Pharmaceutical care education in Kuwait: pharmacy students’ perspectives  

PubMed Central

Background Pharmaceutical care is defined as the responsible provision of medication therapy to achieve definite outcomes that improve patients’ quality of life. Pharmacy education should equip students with the knowledge, skills, and attitudes they need to practise pharmaceutical care competently. Objective To investigate pharmacy students’ attitudes towards pharmaceutical care, perceptions of their preparedness to perform pharmaceutical care competencies, opinions about the importance of the various pharmaceutical care activities, and the barriers to its implementation in Kuwait. Methods A descriptive, cross-sectional survey of pharmacy students (n=126) was conducted at Faculty of Pharmacy, Kuwait University. Data were collected via a pre-tested self-administered questionnaire. Descriptive statistics including percentages, medians and means Likert scale rating (SD) were calculated and compared using SPSS, version 19. Statistical significance was accepted at a p value of 0.05 or lower. Results The response rate was 99.2%. Pharmacy students expressed overall positive attitudes towards pharmaceutical care. They felt prepared to implement the various aspects of pharmaceutical care, with the least preparedness in the administrative/management aspects. Perceived pharmaceutical care competencies grew as students progressed through the curriculum. The students also appreciated the importance of the various pharmaceutical care competencies. They agreed/strongly agreed that the major barriers to the integration of pharmaceutical care into practice were lack of private counseling areas or inappropriate pharmacy layout (95.2%), lack of pharmacist time (83.3%), organizational obstacles (82.6%), and pharmacists’ physical separation from patient care areas (82.6%). Conclusion Pharmacy students’ attitudes and perceived preparedness can serve as needs assessment tools to guide curricular change and improvement. Student pharmacists at Kuwait University understand and advocate implementation of pharmaceutical care while also recognizing the barriers to its widespread adoption. The education and training provided at Kuwait University Faculty of Pharmacy is designed to develop students to be the change agents who can advance pharmacist-provided direct patient care. PMID:25243027

Katoue, Maram G.; Awad, Abdelmoneim I.; Schwinghammer, Terry L.; Kombian, Samuel B.

2014-01-01

202

Air quality assessment in Southern Kuwait using diffusive passive samplers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Measurements of fortnightly average concentrations of NO, NO2, SO2, H2S, NH3, and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) (aromatics = benzene, toluene, o-xylene, m + p-xylene, ethyl benzene; non-aromatics\\u000a = nonane and octane) were carried out in the period from 26\\/10\\/05 to 24\\/11\\/05 at 20 points in the southern part of Kuwait\\u000a as part of a baseline environmental impact assessment study requested

A. A. Ramadan

2010-01-01

203

Migration and its sociological impact in Saudi Arabia and Kuwait.  

PubMed

Demographic developments in Saudi Arabia and Kuwait since World War II are reviewed using data from governmental, international, and other published sources. Following an overview of trends in population size and distribution, attention is focused on internal and international migration and the associated social, economic, and political implications. The concentration of immigrants in cities, migrants' occupations, acculturation, and the security concern arising from the volume of immigration flows are briefly discussed. PMID:12268758

Dabla, B

1986-12-01

204

A National Strategy for Promoting Physical Activity in Oman  

PubMed Central

The increasing prevalence of chronic disease in Oman is a public health challenge. Available evidence in Oman on physical inactivity, the fourth leading risk factor for chronic disease, calls for urgent action to reduce physical inactivity as part of a key strategy to address chronic disease in Oman. The public health implications of this evidence for Oman are considered in light of recommendations outlined in the Toronto Charter for Physical Activity. The charter provides a systematic approach of physical activity and outlines an action plan that could be adapted to the Omani context. Urgent intersectoral action focusing on a shared goal and a more deliberate public health response addressing physical inactivity is required. Further research is needed on the determinants of physical inactivity and culturally appropriate interventions in order to guide future public health actions. PMID:24790738

Mabry, Ruth; Owen, Neville; Eakin, Elizabeth

2014-01-01

205

Managing disposal of water produced with petroleum in Kuwait.  

PubMed

Disposal of water produced with petroleum has been of great interest in Kuwait for the last 20 years. The current problem arose when the Burgan oil field, which is the second largest field in the world, experienced successive increases in the water content of the produced oil. This study introduces a decision-making analysis of the considered alternatives for the disposal of the produced water. Four alternative solutions exist for the industry as practical solutions for the disposal of water produced in Kuwait. The first method utilizes a large number of pits to discharge water. The second alternative depends on discharging water into sealed pits. The third approach to dispose water is by injecting the water underground. The last method is similar to the previous one, but takes into consideration the recovery of reservoir pressure to maintain the rate of oil production. A questionnaire was distributed to 48 experts at the top management level of the petroleum companies and the governmental authority. The data collected considered cost, efficiency, and environmental parameters. Based on the data, a statistical analysis was conducted using the factor analysis method to reduce the number of investigated variables. The analysis concluded that the optimal solution is to use the effluent injection method to discharge water produced with oil in Burgan and similar fields in Kuwait. PMID:16171934

Al-Hubail, J; El-Dash, K

2006-04-01

206

Spatial and temporal characterizations of water quality in Kuwait Bay.  

PubMed

The spatial and temporal patterns of water quality in Kuwait Bay have been investigated using data from six stations between 2009 and 2011. The results showed that most of water quality parameters such as phosphorus (PO4), nitrate (NO3), dissolved oxygen (DO), and Total Suspended Solids (TSS) fluctuated over time and space. Based on Water Quality Index (WQI) data, six stations were significantly clustered into two main classes using cluster analysis, one group located in western side of the Bay, and other in eastern side. Three principal components are responsible for water quality variations in the Bay. The first component included DO and pH. The second included PO4, TSS and NO3, and the last component contained seawater temperature and turbidity. The spatial and temporal patterns of water quality in Kuwait Bay are mainly controlled by seasonal variations and discharges from point sources of pollution along Kuwait Bay's coast as well as from Shatt Al-Arab River. PMID:24768174

Al-Mutairi, N; Abahussain, A; El-Battay, A

2014-06-15

207

76 FR 78615 - Circular Welded Carbon-Quality Steel Pipe From India, the Sultanate of Oman, the United Arab...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Carbon-Quality Steel Pipe From India, the Sultanate of Oman, the United Arab Emirates, and the Socialist Republic...certain steel pipe'') from India, the Sultanate of Oman (``Oman''), The United Arab Emirates (``the...

2011-12-19

208

77 FR 15718 - Circular Welded Carbon-Quality Steel Pipe From India, the Sultanate of Oman, the United Arab...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Carbon-Quality Steel Pipe From India, the Sultanate of Oman, the United Arab Emirates, and the Socialist Republic...carbon-quality steel pipe and tube from India, the Sultanate of Oman (Oman), the United Arab Emirates (UAE), and the...

2012-03-16

209

76 FR 68208 - Circular Welded Carbon-Quality Steel Pipe From India, Oman, United Arab Emirates, and Vietnam...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Carbon-Quality Steel Pipe From India, Oman, United Arab Emirates, and Vietnam...carbon-quality steel pipe from India, Oman, United Arab Emirates, and Vietnam...subsidized by the Governments of India, Oman, United Arab Emirates, and...

2011-11-03

210

77 FR 19635 - Circular Welded Carbon-Quality Steel Pipe From the Sultanate of Oman: Preliminary Negative...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Welded Carbon-Quality Steel Pipe From the Sultanate of Oman: Preliminary Negative Countervailing Duty Determination...circular welded pipe'') from the Sultanate of Oman (``Oman''). DATES: Effective Date: April 2, 2012....

2012-04-02

211

77 FR 64473 - Circular Welded Carbon-Quality Steel Pipe From the Sultanate of Oman: Final Affirmative...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Welded Carbon-Quality Steel Pipe From the Sultanate of Oman: Final Affirmative Countervailing Duty Determination...circular welded pipe'') from the Sultanate of Oman (``Oman''). DATES: Effective Date: October 22,...

2012-10-22

212

75 FR 78338 - Meeting of the United States-Oman Joint Forum on Environmental Cooperation Pursuant to the United...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...7261] Meeting of the United States-Oman Joint Forum on Environmental Cooperation Pursuant to the United States-Oman Memorandum of Understanding on Environmental...Notice of the meeting of the U.S.-Oman Joint Forum on Environmental...

2010-12-15

213

Shuaiba reservoir geological study, Yibal Field, Oman  

SciTech Connect

The Yibal oil field in west central Oman is a large dome created by deep-seated salt movement. The maximum oil column is 370 ft (112.8 m) and the productive area is about 4.3 x 6.2 mile (7 x 10 km). The structure is complicated by extensive tensional faulting. The main oil accumulation is in the Shuaiba chalk overlain disconformably by the Nahr Umr shale. The Shuaiba reservoir is in pressure communication with the underlying Kharaib formation. It is speculated that early accumulation of oil played a major role in preserving the high porosity and greater crestal reservoir thickness by inhibiting diagenetic processes. This field study provided the reservoir simulation engineer with a viable geological and petrophysical model of the Shuaiba reservoir to aid in understanding observed phenomena.

Litsey, L.R.; MacBride, W.L.; Al-Hinai, K.M.; Dismukes, N.B.

1986-06-01

214

The Use of Medicines in Oman  

PubMed Central

Objectives: The objective of this study was to identify the common problems of medicine use in Oman in order to improve the appropriate use of medicines. Methods: A cross-sectional, pilot-tested questionnaire was administered to 6,675 Omani patients or their carers on exit from primary health care centres. Results: 66% of respondents visited multiple facilities on the same date for the same complaint and 51% failed to go for follow up to the same facility. 39% did not accept non-drug therapy and 30% preferred prescription of 3 or more medicines per visit. Many failed to ask how or when to take the medicines, where to store them at home and did not mention any current therapies they were taking. A total of 70% stopped taking their medicines when symptoms disappeared; 26% were unaware that most medicines have side-effects and 61% did not realise that injections are the riskiest dosage form. A total of 54% had definite colour and taste preferences; 43% practised self-medication and 68% never consulted the dispenser; 36% chose medicines based on previous experience and 33% exchanged medicines with others; 55% stored all their medicines in a fridge and 17% did not check the expiry date; 45% threw unused medicines away; 41% kept them for future use and only 12% returned them to a pharmacy or health facility. Conclusions: There is a widespread lack of knowledge about the appropriate use of medicines in Oman. Certain attitudes and beliefs can contribute to health risks and unnecessary expenditure. Many of these results could be improved by a well-targeted public education campaign. PMID:21509288

Abdo-Rabbo, Ahmed; Al-Ansari, Manal; Gunn, Brian C; Suleiman, Batool J

2009-01-01

215

Shaded relief, color as height, Salalah, Oman  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This elevation map shows a part of the southern coast of the Arabian Peninsula including parts of the countries of Oman and Yemen. The narrow coastal plain on the right side of the image includes the city of Salahlah, the second largest city in Oman. Various crops, including coconuts, papayas and bananas, are grown on this plain. The abrupt topography of the coastal mountains wrings moisture from the monsoon, enabling agriculture in the otherwise dry environment of the Arabian Peninsula. These mountains are historically significant as well: Some scholars believe these mountains are the 'southern mountains' of the book of Genesis.

This image brightness corresponds to shading illumination from the right, while colors show the elevation as measured by the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission. Colors range from green at the lowest elevations to brown at the highest elevations. This image contains about 1400 meters (4600 feet) of total relief. The Arabian Sea is colored blue.

The Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM), launched on February 11, 2000, used the same radar instrument that comprised the Spaceborne Imaging Radar-C/X-Band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SIR-C/X-SAR) that flew twice on the Space Shuttle Endeavour in 1994. The mission was designed to collect three-dimensional measurements of the Earth's surface. To collect the 3-D data, engineers added a 60-meter-long (200-foot) mast, an additional C-band imaging antenna and improved tracking and navigation devices. The mission is a cooperative project between the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the National Imagery and Mapping Agency (NIMA) and the German (DLR) and Italian (ASI)space agencies. It is managed by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, for NASA's Earth Science Enterprise, Washington, DC.

Size: 149 by 40 kilometers (92 by 25 miles) Location: 16.9 deg. North lat., 53.7 deg. East lon. Orientation: North at top right Date Acquired: February 15, 2000 Image: NASA/JPL/NIMA

2000-01-01

216

Condensate Water Collection for an Institutional Building in Doha, Qatar: An Opportunity for Water Sustainability  

E-print Network

Condensate Water Collection for an Institutional Building in Doha, Qatar: An Opportunity for Water Sustainability John A. Bryant, Ph.D., P.E. Tausif Ahmed Associate Professor Student Engineering Faculty Petroleum Engineering Texas A...

Bryant, J. A.; Ahmed, T.

217

Use of complementary and alternative medicine among midlife Arab women living in Qatar.  

PubMed

The prevalence of use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is widespread and is growing worldwide. This cross-sectional study in Qatar examined the use of CAM and its correlates among Arab women in their midlife years. Women aged 40-60 years (n = 814) were recruited at primary care centres in Qatar and completed a specially designed, pre-tested questionnaire. Overall, 38.2% of midlife women in Qatar had used CAM in the previous 12 months. Nutritional remedies and herbal remedies were the most commonly used CAM therapies, followed by physical methods. Qatari nationality and higher level of education were independently associated with CAM use. Menopause transition status was not independently associated with use of CAM. The prevalence of CAM use by women in Qatar was high, consistent with other reports worldwide. It is essential to educate and inform patients and health-care providers about the benefits and limitations associated with CAM. PMID:25343468

Gerber, L M; Mamtani, R; Chiu, Y-L; Bener, A; Murphy, M; Cheema, S; Verjee, M

2014-09-01

218

Elderly Support in Oil Economies: How Sustainable in the 21st Century with Illustrations from Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social Security (SS) programs are integral parts of a generous welfare system instituted in the oil economies during the past quarter century. This paper assesses the future viability of these programs with special reference to the case of Kuwait. A review of the financial structure of the SS program in Kuwait indicates solid economic and actuarial principles. But its future

Ismail Sirageldin; Eqbal al-Rahmani

1999-01-01

219

Migrant leaders in Europe condemn forceful deportation of Bangladeshi migrant workers from Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

BASUG, DFD and other migrant leaders also deplored the role of the Bangladesh embassy authorities in Kuwait for their passive action in resolving the sufferings of the striking Bangladeshi workers. Quoting the returnee migrant workers the statement said, despite repeated requests by the workers the Bangladesh embassy officials in Kuwait did not show minimum interest in the whole affair and

Lewis Deng; Mekka H. Abdelgabar; Ahmed Ziauddin; Nahid Hasan; Ahmed Ullah; Rahman Khan; Zakir Khan

220

Modernization and underdevelopment. The case of a capital-surplus country: Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study deals with the problem of modernization and development in a Third World country: Kuwait. The main thesis is that Kuwait has witnessed a process of modernization rather than a process of development. On the contrary, a process of underdevelopment has accompanied its modernization. This thesis is discussed through a detailed case study of the transformation of the Kuwaiti

Sirhan

1980-01-01

221

Curriculum Implementation and Reform: Teachers' Views about Kuwait's New Science Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The MoE (Ministry of Education) in the state of Kuwait is starting to reform the science curriculum in all school academic stages: primary (1-5) grades, intermediate (6-9) grades, and secondary (10-12) grades. The purpose of this study was to explore the opinions of science teachers about Kuwait's new sixth and seventh grade science curriculum,…

Alshammari, Ahmad

2013-01-01

222

Sources, distribution and composition of the suspended sediments, Kuwait Bay, Northern Arabian Gulf  

Microsoft Academic Search

Qualitative and quantitative assessment of suspended sediment levels and transport pathways in Kuwait's northern territorial waters are described, with special reference to Kuwait Bay. Near-surface water samples were collected from 12 stations, covering the whole of the embayment. Suspended sediment concentrations (SSCs) were derived. Heavy metal concentrations, mineralogical composition and grain size constituents were derived for the suspended sediments retained

A. N. Al-Ghadban; A. El-Sammak

2005-01-01

223

Evaluation of the Impact of the Kuwait Diabetes Care Program on the Quality of Diabetes Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To evaluate the impact of the Kuwait Diabetes Care Program on the quality of care provided for diabetic patients in the Primary Health Care setting. Materials and Methods: The Kuwait Diabetes Care Program developed, published and disseminated clinical practice guidelines, conducted training courses, standards for diabetes care, and introduced a monitoring and evaluation system. Four audits (September 1999, October

Afaf Al-Adsani; Jamila Al-Faraj; Fatma Al-Sultan; Mohamed El-Feky; Nouria Al-Mezel; Wafik Saba; Sharifa Aljassar

2008-01-01

224

ITERATIVE METHODS FOR TOTAL VARIATION DENOISING C. R. VOGEL \\Lambda AND M. E. OMAN y  

E-print Network

ITERATIVE METHODS FOR TOTAL VARIATION DENOISING C. R. VOGEL \\Lambda AND M. E. OMAN y Abstract Scalable Computing Laboratory, Ames Laboratory (USDOE), Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, e­mail: oman

Vogel, Curtis

225

Jonsson posets and unary Jonsson algebras Keith A. Kearnes and Greg Oman  

E-print Network

J´onsson posets and unary J´onsson algebras Keith A. Kearnes and Greg Oman Abstract. We show. Kearnes and G. Oman Algebra univers. algebra is an algebra with the J´onsson property, which is defined

Kearnes, Keith A.

226

Secure and Survivable Software Systems Axel W. Krings and Paul Oman  

E-print Network

Secure and Survivable Software Systems Axel W. Krings and Paul Oman Computer Science Department University of Idaho {krings,oman}@cs.uidaho.edu With malicious computer and network attacks reaching epidemic

Krings, Axel W.

227

Security and Survivability of Networked Systems Paul W. Oman and Axel W. Krings  

E-print Network

Security and Survivability of Networked Systems Paul W. Oman and Axel W. Krings Computer Science Department University of Idaho {oman,krings}@cs.uidaho.edu Before the success of the Internet, computer

Krings, Axel W.

228

TRACE ELEMENT CHEMISTRY OF LUNAR HIGHLAND METEORITES FROM OMAN. Mikhail A. Nazarov1  

E-print Network

TRACE ELEMENT CHEMISTRY OF LUNAR HIGHLAND METEORITES FROM OMAN. Mikhail A. Nazarov1 , Svetlana I meteorites have been discovered in the Dhofar region of Oman. All of them are lunar highland brec- cias

Taylor, Lawrence A.

229

Feedbacks between deformation and melt distribution in the crustmantle transition zone of the Oman ophiolite  

E-print Network

Feedbacks between deformation and melt distribution in the crust­mantle transition zone of the Oman in the Oman ophiolite. This zone represents an `end member' case for analyzing feedbacks between deformation

Tommasi, Andrea

230

Selection criteria of residents for residency programs in Kuwait  

PubMed Central

Background In Kuwait, 21 residency training programs were offered in the year 2011; however, no data is available regarding the criteria of selecting residents for these programs. This study aims to provide information about the importance of these criteria. Methods A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data from members (e.g. chairmen, directors, assistants …etc.) of residency programs in Kuwait. A total of 108 members were invited to participate. They were asked to rate the importance level (scale from 1 to 5) of criteria that may affect the acceptance of an applicant to their residency programs. Average scores were calculated for each criterion. Results Of the 108 members invited to participate, only 12 (11.1%) declined to participate. Interview performance was ranked as the most important criteria for selecting residents (average score: 4.63/5.00), followed by grade point average (average score: 3.78/5.00) and honors during medical school (average score: 3.67/5.00). On the other hand, receiving disciplinary action during medical school and failure in a required clerkship were considered as the most concerning among other criteria used to reject applicants (average scores: 3.83/5.00 and 3.54/5.00 respectively). Minor differences regarding the importance level of each criterion were noted across different programs. Conclusions This study provided general information about the criteria that are used to accept/reject applicants to residency programs in Kuwait. Future studies should be conducted to investigate each criterion individually, and to assess if these criteria are related to residents' success during their training. PMID:23331670

2013-01-01

231

Toxic metals in imported fruits and vegetables marketed in Kuwait  

SciTech Connect

The concentration of lead, cadmium, and mercury in 134 samples of imported fruits and vegetables marketed in Kuwait were determined using an atomic absorption spectrophotometer with a graphite furnace and the cold vapor technique. Results obtained showed that the concentration of these metal ions in most cases did not exceed the maximum permissible concentration of metals in fresh fruits and vegetables as restricted by some countries. Only a few samples of fruits and vegetables contained levels of mercury, cadmium, and lead which exceeded these maximum permissible levels.

Husain, A.; Baroon, Z.; Al-Khalafawi, M. [Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, Safat (Kuwait)] [Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, Safat (Kuwait)

1995-12-31

232

Solar electricity prospects in Oman using GIS-based solar radiation maps  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses solar power prospects in Oman. First, the geographic and topographic information about Oman are presented. The methodology of producing solar radiation maps using GIS tools is then discussed. The results obtained show very high potential of solar radiation over all the lands of Oman during the whole year. A slope analysis has allowed calculating the yearly electricity

Adel Gastli; Yassine Charabi

2010-01-01

233

Just-In-Time Teaching in China and Oman Rudolf Fleischer  

E-print Network

(470 ) Just-In-Time Teaching in China and Oman Rudolf Fleischer Fudon University, Shanghai, China and GUTech, Muscat, Oman Abstract I will report on my experiences with the Just- in-Time Teaching (Ji with JiTT in China and Oman. I will end with some concluding remarks in Section 5. In the appendix, I

Fleischer, Rudolf

234

19 CFR 10.890 - Goods re-entered after repair or alteration in Oman.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...re-entered after repair or alteration in Oman. 10.890 Section 10.890 Customs...REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Oman Free Trade Agreement Goods Returned After...re-entered after repair or alteration in Oman. (a) General. This section...

2013-04-01

235

DES VISITES DE "MURABBIYA" AU MARCH DU MERCREDI. SOUKS FMININS EN OMAN  

E-print Network

1 DES VISITES DE "MURABBIYA" AU MARCH DU MERCREDI. SOUKS F�MININS EN OMAN : S�PARATISME COMMERCIAL géographique, politique et social du Sultanat d'Oman. Leur étude permet d'éclairer la position des femmes dans souks "habituels", presque exclusivement masculins, en Oman comme ailleurs. Summary : The three women

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

236

Root zone of the sheeted dike complex in the Oman ophiolite Adolphe Nicolas and Francoise Boudier  

E-print Network

Root zone of the sheeted dike complex in the Oman ophiolite Adolphe Nicolas and Franc¸oise Boudier´osciences Marines, IPG, CNRS, 4 Place Jussieu, F-75252 Paris Ce´dex 05, France [1] In the Oman ophiolite crustal. The Oman ophiolite is derived from a fast spreading ridge which had a melt lens located between the main

Demouchy, Sylvie

237

77 FR 11384 - Removal of Oman from the Restricted Destinations List  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...NRC-2011-0264] RIN 3150-AJ06 Removal of Oman from the Restricted Destinations List AGENCY...export and import regulations by removing Oman from the list of restricted destinations...to U.S. Government law and policy on Oman. The Executive Branch recommended,...

2012-02-27

238

Lithospheric petrology of the eastern Arabian Plate: Constraints from Al-Ashkhara (Oman) xenoliths  

E-print Network

Lithospheric petrology of the eastern Arabian Plate: Constraints from Al-Ashkhara (Oman) xenoliths, Oman b Geosciences Dept., U. Texas at Dallas Richardson, TX 75083-0688, USA a b s t r a c ta r t i c l November 2011 Keywords: Arabian Plate Oman Xenoliths Lherzolite Lithosphere Lower crust Mafic granulite

Stern, Robert J.

239

19 CFR 10.890 - Goods re-entered after repair or alteration in Oman.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...re-entered after repair or alteration in Oman. 10.890 Section 10.890 Customs...REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Oman Free Trade Agreement Goods Returned After...re-entered after repair or alteration in Oman. (a) General. This section...

2011-04-01

240

19 CFR 10.890 - Goods re-entered after repair or alteration in Oman.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...re-entered after repair or alteration in Oman. 10.890 Section 10.890 Customs...REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Oman Free Trade Agreement Goods Returned After...re-entered after repair or alteration in Oman. (a) General. This section...

2014-04-01

241

Lantern fish (Benthosema pterotum) resources as a target for commercial exploitation in the Oman Sea  

E-print Network

Lantern fish (Benthosema pterotum) resources as a target for commercial exploitation in the Oman lantern fish Benthosema pterotum (Mycto- phidae) represents a virgin resource in the Oman Sea. Because pelagic trawls were carried out in Iranian waters of the Oman Sea from 1992 to 1998. Lantern fish schools

Pierce, Graham

242

Cooling rates in the lower crust of the Oman ophiolite: Ca in olivine, revisited  

E-print Network

Cooling rates in the lower crust of the Oman ophiolite: Ca in olivine, revisited Jill A. Van crust of the Khafifah section in the Wadi Tayin massif of the Oman ophiolite. Additionally, very high B.V. All rights reserved. Keywords: calcium; olivine; oman; hydrothermal; cooling; crust 1

VanTongeren, Jill A.

243

"Inaugurer" l'anthropologie de la sant au Sultanat d'Oman.  

E-print Network

1 "Inaugurer" l'anthropologie de la santé au Sultanat d'Oman. L'anthropologue face à la lecture aux hémoglobinopathies héréditaires au Sultanat d'Oman (péninsule Arabique), cette contribution research in progress, focusing on inherited blood disorders in the Sultanate of Oman (Arabian peninsula

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

244

19 CFR 10.890 - Goods re-entered after repair or alteration in Oman.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...re-entered after repair or alteration in Oman. 10.890 Section 10.890 Customs...REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Oman Free Trade Agreement Goods Returned After...re-entered after repair or alteration in Oman. (a) General. This section...

2012-04-01

245

TECTONICS, VOL. 15,NO. 6, PAGES 1230-1247,DECEMBER 1996 Rapid emplacementof the Oman ophiolite  

E-print Network

TECTONICS, VOL. 15,NO. 6, PAGES 1230-1247,DECEMBER 1996 Rapid emplacementof the Oman ophiolite,andtherate and durationof thatthrusting.Hornblende4øAr/39Arages demonstrate that the igneous oceanic crust in Oman]suggeststhattheOman ophioliteoriginatedasanintraoceanicarcor back

Hacker, Bradley R.

246

Building Capacity for Oman's Online Teacher Training: Making an International Partnership Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Sultanate of Oman recently investigated the viability of online teacher training through a joint project funded by the U.S. Middle East Partnership Initiative and the Oman Ministry of Education. One aspect of the project was to build sufficient capacity within the Ministry to enable Oman to produce online training in the future. This article…

Sales, Gregory C.; Al-Rahbi, Fathiya

2008-01-01

247

A Detailed Study of Mantle Flow away from Diapirs in the Oman Ophiolite  

E-print Network

lr t A Detailed Study of Mantle Flow away from Diapirs in the Oman Ophiolite B.ILDEFONSE, S diapirs. In the Oman ophiolite, however, the shear direc- tion inversion is not systematically developed in the Oman ophiolite' temperature flow presented a shear direction inversion at a few hundred meters to a few

Demouchy, Sylvie

248

Structural evolution of Jabal Qumayrah: A salt-intruded culmination in the northern Oman Mountains  

E-print Network

Structural evolution of Jabal Qumayrah: A salt-intruded culmination in the northern Oman Mountains of the northern Oman Mountains records the evolution and subsequent destruction of a Mesozoic passive continental margin in the Oman segment of the Neo-Tethys Ocean, followed by the re-establishment of a passive margin

Ali, Mohammed

249

Interactions between magma and hydrothermal system in Oman ophiolite and in IODP Hole 1256D: Fossilization  

E-print Network

Interactions between magma and hydrothermal system in Oman ophiolite and in IODP Hole 1256D processes. We present maps of two areas of the Oman ophiolite where this transition zone is observed reheating stages, and assimilation processes observed in the Oman ophiolite are consistent

Demouchy, Sylvie

250

Abundance of demersal sh resources in the Persian Gulf and Oman Sea  

E-print Network

Abundance of demersal ¢sh resources in the Persian Gulf and Oman Sea T. Valinassab*P , R in the Persian Gulf and Oman Sea. Samples were taken at a total of 316 trawl stations selected following a strati and approximately 39,000 tonnes in the Oman Sea. The lowest CPUA was recorded in the west of the study area (stratum

Pierce, Graham

251

OMAN -A Management Architecture for P2P Service Overlay Networks  

E-print Network

OMAN - A Management Architecture for P2P Service Overlay Networks Adriano Fiorese1,2 , Paulo Sim Overlay Net- works (SON). The architecture, named OMAN, takes into account the formation of the P2P SON as pointing the overall potential of the OMAN archi- tecture. Keywords:Services Management, P2P, Service

Boyer, Edmond

252

Deep and High-temperature Hydrothermal Circulation in the Oman Ophiolite-------  

E-print Network

Deep and High-temperature Hydrothermal Circulation in the Oman Ophiolite------- Petrological (Oman) shows that most of the gabbros have been affected by successive stages of alteration, starting the internal wall of the magma chamber. KEY WORDS: hydrothermal systems; Oman ophiolite; Sr and O isotopes

Demouchy, Sylvie

253

EPR microplates, a model for the Oman Ophiolite F. Boudier, A. Nicolas, B. lldefonseand D. Jousselin  

E-print Network

EPR microplates, a model for the Oman Ophiolite F. Boudier, A. Nicolas, B. lldefonseand D ci&x 05, France ABSTRACT Structural mapping in the Southern half of the Oman ophiolite has revealed. Such an activity supports the comparison of the Oman palaeoridge system with an oceanic microplate, and provides

Demouchy, Sylvie

254

The Tethyan plume: geochemical diversity of Middle Permian basalts from the Oman rifted margin  

E-print Network

The Tethyan plume: geochemical diversity of Middle Permian basalts from the Oman rifted margin H are exposed in Oman within either the Hawasina nappes or the para-autochtonous Arabian platform exposed-related basalts; Middle Permian; Neo-Tethys; Arabian rifted margin; Hawasina Nappes; Oman; Isotopic chemistry 1

Demouchy, Sylvie

255

Triassic alkaline magmatism of the Hawasina Nappes: post-breakup melting of the Oman lithospheric mantle  

E-print Network

Triassic alkaline magmatism of the Hawasina Nappes: post-breakup melting of the Oman lithospheric within three tectonostratigraphic groups of the Hawasina Nappes in the Oman Mountains the Oman lithospheric mantle, the original DMM-HIMU signature of which was overprinted during its pervasive

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

256

Oil and gas developments in Middle East in 1984  

SciTech Connect

Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1984 totaled 4,088,853,000 bbl (an average rate of 11,144,407 BOPD), down less than 1.0% from the revised total of 4,112,116,000 bbl produced in 1983. Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, and Oman had significant increases; Iran and Dubai had significant decreases. Jordan produced oil, although a minor amount, for the first time ever, and new production facilities were in the planning stage in Syria, North Yemen, and Oman, which will bring new fields on stream when completed.

Hemer, D.O.; Lyle, J.H.

1985-10-01

257

Oil and gas developments in Middle East in 1984  

SciTech Connect

Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1984 totaled 4,088,853,000 bbl (an average rate of 11,144,407 BOPD), down less than 1.0% from the revised total of 4,112,116,000 bbl produced in 1983. Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, and Oman had significant increases; Iran and Dubai had significant decreases. Jordan produced oil, although a minor amount, for the first time ever, and new production facilities were in the planning stage in Syria, North Yemen, and Oman, which will bring new fields on stream when completed. 4 figures, 9 tables.

Hemer, D.O.; Lyle, J.H.

1985-10-01

258

Characterizing surface temperature and clarity of Kuwait's seawaters using remotely sensed measurements and GIS analyses  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Kuwait sea surface temperature (SST) and water clarity are important water characteristics that influence the entire Kuwait coastal ecosystem. The spatial and temporal distributions of these important water characteristics should be well understood to obtain a better knowledge about this productive coastal environment. The aim of this project was therefore to study the spatial and temporal distributions of: Kuwait SST using Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) images collected from January 2003 to July 2007; and Kuwait Secchi Disk Depth (SDD), a water clarity measure, using Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor (SeaWiFS) and MODIS data collected from November 1998 to October 2004 and January 2003 to June 2007, respectively. Kuwait SST was modeled based on the linear relationship between level 2 MODIS SST data and in situ SST data. MODIS SST images showed a significant relationship with in situ SST data ( r2= 0.98, n = 118, RMSE = 0.7°C). Kuwait SST images derived from MODIS data exhibited three spatial patterns of Kuwait SST across the year that were mainly attributed to the northwestern counterclockwise water circulation of the Arabian Gulf, and wind direction and intensity. The temporal variation of Kuwait SST was greatly influenced by the seasonal variation of solar intensity and air temperatures. Kuwait SDD was measured through two steps: first, computing the diffuse light attenuation coefficient at 490 nm, Kd(490), and 488 nm, Kd(488), derived from SeaWiFS and MODIS, respectively, using a semi-analytical algorithm; second, establishing two SDD models based on the empirical relationship of Kd(490) and Kd(488) with in situ SDD data. Kd(490) and Kd(488) showed a significant relationship with in situ SDD data ( r2= 0.67 and r2= 0.68, respectively). Kuwait SDD images showed distinct spatial and temporal patterns of Kuwait water clarity that were mainly attributed to three factors: the Shatt Al-Arab discharge, water circulation, and coastal currents. The SeaWiFS and MODIS data compared to in situ measurements provided a comprehensive view of the studied seawater characteristics that improved their overall estimation within Kuwait's waters. Also, the near-real-time availability of SeaWiFS and MODIS data and their highly temporal resolution make them a very advantageous tool for studying coastal environments. Thus, I recommend involving this method in monitoring Kuwait coastal environments.

Alsahli, Mohammad M. M.

259

Culmination collapse in Fanjah saddle, Oman  

SciTech Connect

Culmination collapse structures in the central Oman Mountains have overprinted and clouded the surface expression of deep-seated regional structures, as typified by the Fanjah Saddle. The saddle forms a domain of low structural relief situated along the trend of a series of major structural culminations. It is bounded on the east and west by the plunging noses of the parautochthonous Mesozoic shelf carbonates of the Saih Hatat and Jabal Nakhl culminations, respectively, and contains a stack of Late Cretaceous basinal and ophiolitic thrust sheets. Culmination collapse, initiated by backslip movement of the dense overlying nappes, has resulted in a saddle geometry containing both extensional and compressional regimes. Listric normal faults in the culminations converge toward the saddle and serve as feeder zones to the saddle core which acts as a sink for the thrust sheets. Smaller surge zones with extensional trailing edges and compressional fronts defined by recumbent folds radiate outward from the culminations. This has been superimposed over earlier isoclinal folding produced by the emplacement of the overlying nappes. The final result is a complex internal geometry and distribution pattern of structures. Distinguishing these shallow deformational events from deep seated structural styles is essential for the correct extrapolation of surface data to the subsurface in any exploration program.

Coffield, D.Q.

1984-04-01

260

Getting Its Ducks in a Row? Qatar Foundation's Agreement with HEC Paris and the Launch of the Qatar Foundation Management, Education and Research Centre  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Last week, private, non-profit organisation the Qatar Foundation (QF) announced a partnership agreement with French business institution HEC Paris to offer executive education programmes. According to the terms of the agreement, a full-time faculty will provide executive and short certificate programmes and corporate-specific training, including…

Observatory on Borderless Higher Education, 2010

2010-01-01

261

76 FR 72164 - Circular Welded Carbon-Quality Steel Pipe From India, the Sultanate of Oman, the United Arab...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Steel Pipe From India, the Sultanate of Oman, the United Arab Emirates, and the Socialist...and Vietnam), or Angelica Mendoza (Oman), AD/CVD Operations, Office 7, Import...steel pipe) from India, the Sultanate of Oman (Oman), the United Arab Emirates...

2011-11-22

262

Carbon isotopes and lipid biomarkers from organic-rich facies of the Shuram Formation, Sultanate of Oman  

E-print Network

of Oman C. LEE,1 , 2 D. A. FIKE,3 G. D. LOVE,1 A. L. SESSIONS,2 J. P. GROTZINGER,2 R. E. SUMMONS4 AND W. W from the Sultanate of Oman as the `Shuram excursion', this event records a dramatic, systematic shift of the South Oman Salt Basin, Sultanate of Oman. This section captures Nafun Group strata through the Ediacaran

Fischer, Woodward

263

http://www.armscontrol.ru/ Alan Robock1, Luke Oman1,2, and Georgiy L. Stenchikov1  

E-print Network

://www.armscontrol.ru/ : - * Alan Robock1, Luke Oman1,2, and Georgiy L. Stenchikov1 , - , - . , - - . * "Robock, A., L. Oman, and G. L. Stenchikov (2007), Nuclear winter revisited with a modern climate model ., 2006], . - - Laki 1783 . [Oman ., 2006b] Katmai 1912 . [Oman ., 2005

Robock, Alan

264

76 FR 72173 - Circular Welded Carbon-Quality Steel Pipe From India, the Sultanate of Oman, the United Arab...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Steel Pipe From India, the Sultanate of Oman, the United Arab Emirates, and the Socialist...Carbon-Quality Steel Pipe from India, Oman, the United Arab Emirates, and Vietnam...steel pipe from India, the Sultanate of Oman (``Oman''), the United Arab...

2011-11-22

265

A road map to Translational Medicine in Qatar and a model for the world  

PubMed Central

Translational Medicine (TM) in Qatar is part of a concerted effort of the Qatari medical and scientific leadership supported by a strong political will by Qatari authorities to deliver world-class health care to Qatari residents while participating in the worldwide quest to bridge the gap between bench-to-bedside-to-community. TM programs should embrace the Qatar National vision for research to become an international hub of excellence in research and development, based on intellectual merit, contributing to global knowledge and adhering to international standards, to innovate by translating new and original ideas into useful applications, to be inclusive at the national and international level, to build and maintain a competitive and diversified economy and ultimately improve the health and well-being of the Qatar’s population. Although this writing focuses on Qatar, we hope that the thoughts expressed here may be of broader use for the development of any TM program particularly in regions where an established academic community surrounded by a rich research infrastructure and/or a vibrant biotechnology enterprise is not already present. PMID:22929646

2012-01-01

266

Structural reliability assessment of the Oman India Pipeline  

SciTech Connect

Reliability techniques are increasingly finding application in design. The special design conditions for the deep water sections of the Oman India Pipeline dictate their use since the experience basis for application of standard deterministic techniques is inadequate. The paper discusses the reliability analysis as applied to the Oman India Pipeline, including selection of a collapse model, characterization of the variability in the parameters that affect pipe resistance to collapse, and implementation of first and second order reliability analyses to assess the probability of pipe failure. The reliability analysis results are used as the basis for establishing the pipe wall thickness requirements for the pipeline.

Al-Sharif, A.M.; Preston, R.

1996-12-31

267

LNG projects make progress in Oman and Yemen  

SciTech Connect

Two LNG projects in the Middle East, one in Oman and the other in Yemen, are due on stream at the turn of the century--each the largest single project ever put together in its country. Officials described their projects at a yearend 1996 conference in Paris by Institut Francais du Petrole and Petrostrategies. The Oman project develops gas reserves, does gas processing, and transports the gas 360 km to a liquefaction plant to be built on the coast. The Yemen project involves a liquefaction plant and an export terminal.

NONE

1997-02-24

268

Characterizing Surface Temperature and Clarity of Kuwait's Seawaters Using Remotely Sensed Measurements and GIS Analyses  

E-print Network

2 = 0.67 and r 2 = 0.68, respectively). Kuwait SDD images showed distinct spatial and temporal patterns of Kuwait water clarity that were mainly attributed to three factors: the Shatt Al-Arab discharge, water circulation, and coastal currents...-Zubair and Shatt Al-Arab. b) Average salinity of the study sites from February, 2004 to February, 2005. Al-Yamani et al. (2004) also reported that the minimum salinity of north Kuwait seawaters during the period of 1996-1997 was in February 1997. The second...

Alsahli, Mohammad M. M.

2009-11-30

269

Recreational Value of an Oasis in Oman  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Increasing demand for water to develop non-agricultural activities is causing water to be diverted to high-value uses at the expense of irrigation. However, agriculture provides a flow of amenities in the desert environment which are not either accounted or paid. Oases are spread all over the globe and are threatened for various reasons among which is the high pressure of demand for fresh water. This paper estimates the recreation use value of an oasis. The paper is based on the Misfat Al-Abryeen oasis in Oman, a man-made area of streams and woodland. The travel cost method is used through an on-site questionnaire distributed to 230 visitors. Around 75% of visitors to the oasis also visited other historical or ecological sites during the same day-trip. The econometric model is estimated using negative binomial regression with endogenous stratification. The average consumer surplus, or benefit, from visiting Misfat Al-Abryeen is estimated at US 104.74 per individual per trip. The total social benefit from this oasis is estimated at 366,590 per year. These results underscore the importance of the role played by irrigated agriculture in the provision of amenity services for the tourism sector in a desert environment. The sustainability of the irrigation activity depends on the recognition of the recreation role of oases and the transfer of part of these benefits to the farmers who maintain the irrigation system. The implementation of an entrance fee to the oasis might increase farmers' profit by 6-21%.

Zekri, Slim; Mbaga, Msafiri; Fouzai, Ayoub; Al-Shaqsi, Saif

2011-07-01

270

Temporal variations in atmospheric CO2 concentrations in Kuwait City, Kuwait with comparisons to Phoenix, Arizona, USA.  

PubMed

Hourly atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration measurements are available from 1996 to present for a suburban site within the growing metropolitan area of Kuwait City. Analyses of this record reveal (a) an annual cycle with highest values in February and lowest values in September reflecting the growth and decay of vegetation in the Northern Hemisphere as well as fluctuations in motor traffic, (b) a weekly cycle with highest values during the weekdays and lowest values during weekends, and (c) a diurnal cycle with highest values after sunset when the local atmosphere becomes more stable following vehicular emission of CO2 throughout the day and lowest values in late afternoon following several hours of relatively unstable conditions. During the daytime, CO2 concentrations are related to wind direction, with westerly winds (coming from the desert) promoting lowest CO2 concentrations. At night, lowest CO2 levels are associated with higher wind speeds and winds from the north. The findings from the Kuwait City area, particularly when contrasted with the situation in Phoenix, further our understanding of the dynamics of CO2 levels in urban environments. PMID:12521116

Nasrallah, Hassan A; Balling, Robert C; Madi, Shaker Mohammed; Al-Ansari, Lamya

2003-01-01

271

Fracture-related diagenesis in the carbonate carapace of a salt dome, Jebel Madar, Oman  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study is being carried out in the Qatar Carbonates and Carbon Storage Research Centre (QCCSRC) at Imperial College and focuses on the interplay between fractures, diagenetic fluid flow and precipitation of diagenetic minerals in an exposed carbonate carapace of a salt dome in Oman. Understanding fault-related mineralization and the differences between diagenesis in the fractures and fracture walls compared to diagenesis in the rock matrix will help prediction of the reservoir quality of such fractured carapaces in the subsurface. The research questions addressed here are a) what controls the timing, distribution and geometry of fractures in the carapace of a salt dome? b) what controls the timing of the precipitation of minerals in the fracture network? To answer these questions, a dual approach combining structural geology with carbonate diagenesis is being applied. The origin of the fluids and their role in fracturing and diagenesis is being investigated by means of geochemistry and petrography and the processes of fracturing, fluid flow and the migration of fluids along pathways will be determined by reconstructing the structural history by a combination of field mapping and seismic interpretation. This dual approach is powerful and can be used to determine the history of fluid flow. Ultimately, the aim is to develop conceptual models linking fracturation and fluid flow during halokinesis with diagenesis. Jebel Madar is situated in the southern foothills of the Oman Mountains and is a folded and fractured salt dome carapace comprising Jurassic and Cretaceous limestones. The structural history of the Jebel is currently being reconstructed using fracture analysis of structural data gathered during fieldwork. This will be augmented with the interpretation of seismic profiles. Initial results indicate that the dominant fracture orientations are ~ N-S and NE-SW. Using the cross-cutting relationships of the fractures an attempt is being made to establish their chronology. To understand the diagenetic history of the fracture infill, several techniques are being used including petrography, major and trace elemental analysis, fluid inclusion, and stable oxygen and carbon isotope analysis. An important observation made in the fractures of the Jebel Madar is that several generations of calcite cements exist, with crystals ranging in size from several cm in the centre of the fracture to compact, mm- sized crystals close to the host rock. In addition, in some fractures barite and calcite have been co-precipitated, an observation which, with the aid of fluid inclusion studies, could yield the composition and possible origin of the parent diagenetic fluids. The presence of minerals in fractures indicates that these latter acted as fluid pathways. Initial stable isotope results suggest that the precipitating fluids were hot, with average values of ? 18O of -9.74 ‰ PDB and ? 13C of 1.19 ‰ PDB. Initial results indicate that the regional stress stimulated the local development of salt diapirs which produced local stress fields that totally dominated the timing and pattern of fracturing and fluid migration.

Lahr, J.; John, C. M.; Cosgrove, J. W.; Vandeginste, V.; Sena, C. N.; Jourdan, A.

2010-12-01

272

Do socioeconomic factors influence breast cancer screening practices among Arab women in Qatar?  

PubMed Central

Objectives Breast cancer incidence rates are rising in Qatar. Although the Qatari government provides subsidised healthcare and screening programmes that reduce cost barriers for residents, breast cancer screening (BCS) practices among women remain low. This study explores the influence of socioeconomic status on BCS among Arab women in Qatar. Setting A multicentre, cross-sectional quantitative survey was conducted with 1063 Arab women (87.5% response rate) in Qatar from March 2011 to July 2011. Women who were 35?years or older and had lived in Qatar for at least 10?years were recruited from seven primary healthcare centres and women's health clinics in urban and semiurban regions of Qatar. Associations between socioeconomic factors and BCS practice were estimated using ?2 tests and multivariate logistic regression analyses. Results Findings indicate that less than one-third of the participants practised BCS appropriately, whereas less than half of the participants were familiar with recent BCS guidelines. Married women and women with higher education and income levels were significantly more likely to be aware of and to practise BCS than women who had lower education and income levels. Conclusions Findings indicate low levels of awareness and low participation rates in BCS among Arab women in Qatar. Socioeconomic factors influence these women's participation in BCS activities. The strongest predictors for BCS practice are higher education and higher income levels. Recommendations Additional research is needed to explore the impact of economic factors on healthcare seeking behaviours in the Middle Eastern countries that have a high national gross domestic product where healthcare services are free or heavily subsidised by the government; promotion of BCS and intervention strategies in these countries should focus on raising awareness about breast cancer, the cost and benefit of early screening for this disease, particularly among low-income women. PMID:25613951

Donnelly, Tam Truong; Al Khater, Al-Hareth; Al Kuwari, Mohamed Ghaith; Al-Bader, Salha Bujassoum; Al-Meer, Nabila; Abdulmalik, Mariam; Singh, Rajvir; Chaudhry, Sofia; Fung, Tak

2015-01-01

273

Probing Shallow Aquifers in Northern Kuwait Using Airborne Sounding Radars  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Most of the global warming observations, scientific interest and data analyses have concentrated on the earth Polar Regions and forested areas, as they provide direct measurable impacts of large scale environmental changes. Unfortunately, the arid environments, which represent ~20% of the earth surface, have remained poorly studied. Yet water rarity and freshness, drastic changes in rainfall, flash floods, high rates of aquifer discharge and an accelerated large-scale desertification process are all alarming signs that suggest a substantial large-scale climatic variation in those areas that can be correlated to the global change that is affecting the volatile dynamic in arid zones. Unfortunately the correlations, forcings and feedbacks between the relevant processes (precipitation, surface fresh water, aquifer discharge, sea water rise and desertification) in these zones remain poorly observed, modeled, let alone understood. Currently, local studies are often oriented toward understanding small-scale or regional water resources and neither benefit from nor feedback to the global monitoring of water vapor, precipitation and soil moisture in arid and semi-arid areas. Furthermore techniques to explore deep subsurface water on a large scale in desertic environments remain poorly developed making current understanding of earth paleo-environment, water assessment and exploration efforts poorly productive and out-phased with current and future needs to quantitatively understand the evolution of earth water balance. To address those deficiencies we performed a comprehensive test mapping of shallow subsurface hydro-geological structures in the western Arabic peninsula in Kuwait, using airborne low frequency sounding radars with the main objectives to characterize shallow fossil aquifers in term of depth, sizes and water freshness. In May 2011, an experimental airborne radar sounder operating at 50 MHz was deployed in Kuwait and demonstrated an ability to penetrate down to the water table ~35 m deep in Um-Al-Aish and Al-Rawdateen aquifers located on the northern part of Kuwait. In addition the radar achieved penetration into several dry sediments down to 65 m deep mapping the succession of residual gravel deposits. The obtained radargrams of several kilometers-long traced the variability in the water table depth and identified the discharge location of the Al-Rawdateen aquifer. These radar cross-sections were verified through comparisons with water wells, Transient Electromagnetic Method and Resistivity profiles. We will discuss the implication of these results for performing future airborne and orbital detailed mapping of the occurrence and spatial distribution of shallow aquifers in the most arid desert regions on Earth to understand ground water hydrology, enhance ground water flow models and provide new insights into available water resources and recent paleo-climate changes.

Heggy, E.; Fadlelmawla, A.; Farr, T. G.; Al-Rashed, M.

2011-12-01

274

FIRST REPORT OF PUCCINIA SORGHI ON MAIZE IN OMAN.  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Maize (Zea mays L.) is an important annual forage crop cultivated in the Sultanate of Oman during the summer months. It is used both for green fodder and grains and often intercropped in fruit orchards especially under date palms. In April 2005, leaf samples showing rust symptoms were collected fro...

275

Barriers to Adopting Technology for Teaching and Learning in Oman  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the perceived barriers to adopting information and communication technologies (ICT) in Omani higher education. One hundred faculty members from four different departments at the College of Applied Sciences in Oman participated in the study. The participants took a survey, which was developed based on the Western literature.…

Al-Senaidi, Said; Lin, Lin; Poirot, Jim

2009-01-01

276

The volcanic stratigraphy and petrogenesis of the Oman ophiolite complex  

Microsoft Academic Search

The volcanic stratigraphy and trace element geochemistry of the Oman ophiolite complex indicate a multistage magmatic origin comprising: (1) magmatism due to sea-floor spreading in a marginal basin; (2) magmatism associated with discrete submarine volcanic centres or seamounts; (3) magmatism associated with crustal uplift and rifting; and (4) magmatism associated with continent-arc collision.

T. Alabaster; J. A. Pearce; J. Malpas

1982-01-01

277

Sediment deformation and plate tectonics in the Gulf of Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

The continental margin off the Makran coast of Iran and Pakistan is an excellent example of active deformation of sediments at a compressive plate boundary. Seismic reflection profiles across the margin suggest that relatively flat-lying sediments from the Oman abyssal plain are being scraped off the Arabian plate and accreted onto the Eurasian plate in a series of tightly folded

R. S. White; K. Klitgord

1976-01-01

278

HORIZONTAL WELL LENGTH OPTIMIZATION FOR A SOUTH OMAN FIELD  

Microsoft Academic Search

Oman produces around 850,000 bbl\\/day of crude oil from around 85 fields of which 35% comes from horizontal wells. Horizontal drilling was started in 1986 with three short radius wells drilled in chalky oil reservoirs due to gas or water coning and low production rates. Results were not sufficiently encouraging to lead to future activity in the short term. Horizontal

A. S. Bemani; F. H. Boukadi; Y. Wahaibi

2000-01-01

279

Efficiency of government-supported horticulture: the case of Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes technical efficiency in Oman using the stochastic production frontier and the data envelopment analysis (DEA) methods. Different methods are used because the determinants of technical efficiency may be influenced by the method used and also by the assumptions (such as returns to scale) maintained. Results from the stochastic parametric frontier (SPF) and DEA–Charnes, Cooper, Rhodes (CCR) models

L. Zaibet; P. S. Dharmapala

1999-01-01

280

Radiation doses from CT in the Sultanate of Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

The computed tomography dose index (CTDI), dose-length product (DLP) and the effective dose were determined for a range of CT examinations in the Sultanate of Oman. There was a wide variation in CTDI. This shows that there is a variation in both scanner design and the exposure settings used by hospitals. There was also a wide variation in DLP and

C C GODDARD; A AL-FARSI

281

Usage of Tractors and Field Machinery in Agriculture in Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

Heavy inputs of tractors and field machinery to promote mechanization in the Sultanate of Oman started in the mid-1970s. The provision of tractors and associated machinery has been reviewed, the current state of power and machinery usage has been determined and the future needs of tractors have been assessed. Results obtained showed that between 1976 and 2002 the Government of

D. B. Ampratwum; A. S. S. Dorvlo; L. U. Opara

282

Managing economic crises: The role of the state in Bahrain and Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bahrain and Kuwait adopted sharply divergent responses to the economic crisis in the Gulf during the 1980s. The Bahraini government\\u000a reduced the level of state intervention in the local economy, opened up opportunities for private investment and relied on\\u000a the operation of the unregulated market; Kuwait's government, on the other hand, imposed a greater degree of state supervision\\u000a over domestic

Fred H. Lawson

1991-01-01

283

Political Culture and Development in a Rentier StateThe Case of Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article uses political culture to explain Kuwait's socio-economic and political develop ment. It attributes Kuwait's political stability, its smooth transition from a subsistance economy to petroleum-induced prosperity and its ability to handle high rates of socio-economic changes to the management skills of the Kuwaiti ruling family and the commitment of the bureaucracy to the state. These two elements of

Tawfic E. Farah

1989-01-01

284

Cost of Cultivation of Tomato in Kuwait in Uncooled Plastic Tunnel System - A Case Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tomato is one of the main vegetable crops in Kuwait with a total greenhouse production of 39,218.3 tonnes and with a value of $ 9.58 million in 2004. Because of the country's harsh climate, scarce water resources and poor-quality land resources, protected agriculture has a significant role in Kuwait's agricultural development. Tomato is grown in 25% of total area under

M. Abdal; M. Suleiman; N. R. Bhat; S. Jacob

285

Radioactivity concentrations in sediments and their correlation to the coastal structure in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gamma-ray spectrometric measurements were performed on sediment samples from the coast of Kuwait to study the concentration of natural as well as man-made radioactive sources. The coast of Kuwait, which extends for some 170km is mainly soft sedimentary colitic limestones or sandstones, overlaid in many areas with beach or wind-blown sand. In the north, suspended material from the Shatt Al-Arab

H. R. Saad; D. Al-Azmi

2002-01-01

286

Space Radar Image of Central Plain, Oman  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Bright, arc-shaped limestone hills and complex, branching drainage patterns dominate this three-frequency space radar image of a desert area in the north central plain of Oman. The hill along the left side of the image, called Jabal Fuhud, lies just south of the town of Fuhud, which appears as small bright rectangular features. The thin red lines that can be seen radiating out from this town are roads. The 'u'-shaped hill in the right center of the image is called Jabal Natih. Layers in the limestone appear as stripes which parallel the crest of the hill. This region is an active area of petroleum production because these geological structures form natural traps for oil and gas. The branching patterns on the image are ancient drainage channels that formed when the climate in this area was much wetter. Two large dry river channels, called wadis, appear on the image. Wadi Umayri is the yellow stripe at the lower right corner of the image. A second orange-colored wadi runs from right to left below the two sets of hills. The bright yellow patterns between the wadis are areas of bedrock covered with a thin layer of sand. These rocks would not be visible in conventional satellite images or photographs. This image is centered at 22.25 degrees north latitude, 56.58 degrees east longitude. The area shown is approximately 42 kilometers by 78 kilometers (26 miles by 48 miles). North is toward the upper right. The colors are assigned to different radar frequencies and polarizations as follows: red is L-band, horizontally transmitted and received; green is C-band, horizontally transmitted and vertically received; and blue is X-band, vertically transmitted and received. The image was acquired by the Spaceborne Imaging Radar-C/X-band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SIR-C/X-SAR) on April 10, 1994, on board the space shuttle Endeavour. SIR-C/X-SAR, a joint mission of the German, Italian and United States space agencies, is part of NASA's Mission to Planet Earth program.

1994-01-01

287

Oil-bearing sediments of Gondwana glaciation in Oman  

SciTech Connect

More than 3.5 billion bbl of oil in place have so far been discovered in reservoirs of the Al Khlata Formation of the Permian-Carboniferous lower Haushi Group in south Oman. Glacially striated pavements and boulders in exposures at Al Khlata in east-central Oman confirmed previous interpretations that the formation is, at least partly, of glacial origin. Core and wireline-log data from some 500 wells that penetrate the formation show that glacial facies are widespread in the subsurface. Shales with varvelike laminations and dropstones are present in two main layers, which extend over the larger part of south Oman and are perhaps the most diagnostic facies. Diamictites are also widespread, and some, which can be correlated as sheets over thousands of square kilometers, are interpreted as true tillites. Other diamictites are interbedded with shales with varvelike laminations or unbedded siltstones and are interpreted as subaqueous glacial deposits. Ten sedimentary facies have been described in cores and outcrops. An important result of this study is a formal scheme to interpret these facies from wireline logs using quantitative analysis of density and neutron logs and qualitative information from other logs. Lateral facies relationships are complicated by syndepositional salt withdrawal and dissolution, paleorelief on the basal unconformity, and intraformational unconformities beneath regionally extensive tillites. At least three glacial phases can be recognized: an early phase, represented only by erosional remnants of diamictites, and two later phases, the last of which extended over the whole of Oman south of the Oman Mountains. Deglaciation is represented by a regional shale bed sharply overlying the diamictite sheet of this last glaciation. 19 figures, 1 table.

Levell, B.K.; Braakman, J.H.; Rutten, K.W.

1988-07-01

288

Petroleum Development Oman gas exploration unlocks major new reserves  

SciTech Connect

Since 1985, Petroleum Development Oman (PDO) has been exploring for gas on behalf of the Government of Oman under a ten-year agreement signed in June 1984. The aim of the one-rig programme was to find additional non-associated gas reserves (3 TCF) to meet domestic energy requirements for a minimum of 40 years, for which the available reserves at that time (5.6 TCF) were insufficient. Initial results of the campaign, which principally targeted the Permian Khuff Formation, were disappointing, analogues to the major accumulations of the Arabian Gulf failing to materialise. During the second half of the programme, therefore, the strategy was revised to address the prospectivity of higher risk/higher reward plays recognised at greater depths. Well Saih Nihayda-24, drilled in 1989, found gas/condensate-bearing reservoirs in Cambro/Ordovician sandstones of the Andam Formation below 4000 metres. This discovery, in a seismically poorly defined anticline, sparked an intensive effort of 2D, and later 3D, long cable seismic acquisition. This led in 1991 to additional major gas/condensate finds in Saih Rawl and Barik, and a dedicated two-year two-rig appraisal campaign has since proven up sufficient reserves to support an LNG gas export scheme. The ten-year programme has more than tripled Oman`s non-associated gas expectation reserves to some 22 TCF, exceeding-the target more than five-fold. Significant potential for further gas discoveries identified in both North and South Oman provides encouragement for continued successful gas exploration in the future.

Wood, A.; Mozetic, A.

1995-08-01

289

A Center for Mideast Oceanographic Data in Muscat, Oman  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Lighthouse designed and installed a real-time cabled ocean observing system off the northern coast of the Sultanate of Oman in 2005 and a second system, farther to the south, existed as autonomous moorings from 2005-2009 and was upgraded to a real-time cabled system in early 2010. Since 2005 Lighthouse has operated and maintained those systems to produce a wealth of data on a poorly understood region of the global oceans. The systems record data hourly on current velocities over a range of depths, and temperature, pressure, conductivity, dissolved oxygen and turbidity at the depth of the sensor; the northern system also collects seismic and bottom pressure (tsunami detection) information continuously. Processing codes for all data have been developed and honed over the years in cooperation with oceanographers from Texas A&M University. As a joint and complementary effort, ocean circulation and tsunami impact models have been developed for the regional waters near Oman. In Oman, our work is coordinated through the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries Wealth. From the beginning, Lighthouse has intended to transition data processing and analysis over to the Sultanate. To facilitate this transition, we propose to establish a Center for Mideast Oceanographic Data located in Muscat, Oman that may also serve as a regional oceanographic data depository and research center. Main activities to be carried out include: marine data processing and management, training of Omani professionals in data processing and analysis, facilitating regional and international collaboration by hosting workshops or short courses, and employing the models for research purposes. The center would work with the newly-established Hazard Monitoring Center to develop modeled now- and forecast products for marine operations and safety. The goal is to house, in a single location, datasets and models that will help Oman manage and maintain its marine environment and resources for generations to come.

Ingle, S.; Belabbassi, L.; Du Vall, K.; Wang, Z.

2012-12-01

290

Celiac disease in children: is it a problem in Kuwait?  

PubMed Central

Background Celiac disease (CD) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the small intestine triggered by gluten ingestion. The objective of this study is to describe our experience with CD children in Kuwait. Methods The records of children with CD seen in the pediatric gastroenterology unit between February 1998 and December 2010 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were referred because of symptoms or positive CD antibody screening of a high-risk group (type 1 diabetes and Down syndrome). Results Forty-seven patients were diagnosed: 53% were symptomatic and 47% were identified by screening. The median age at diagnosis was 66 (range 7–189) months. All cases were biopsy-proven except one. The symptomatic patients were significantly younger than those identified following screening (P<0.004). In the whole group, 66% were females and 77% were Kuwaitis; 9% had a positive family history of CD. The estimated cumulative incidence was 6.9/105. The median duration of symptoms before diagnosis was 8.5 (range 2–54) months. Failure to thrive was the most common presenting complaint (72%) followed by diarrhea (64%) and abdominal distension (56%). Atypical manifestations were seen in 60% of patients. Underweight and short stature were confirmed in 19% and 17% of patients, respectively. Overweight and obesity were detected in 14% and 6%, respectively. CD serology was based on a combination of antiendomysial and antigliadin antibodies. The median follow up was 24 (range 12–144) months. All patients were commenced on a gluten free diet, but good compliance was only achieved in 78%. Conclusion The low frequency of childhood CD in Kuwait could probably be attributed to either an underestimation of the atypical presentations or failure of proper screening. Also, adherence to a gluten free diet is a major problem in our population. PMID:25565879

Al-Qabandi, Wafa’a; Buhamrah, Eman; Al-Abdulrazzaq, Dalia; Hamadi, Khaled; Al Refaee, Fawaz

2015-01-01

291

Hydrodynamic trapping in the Cretaceous Nahr Umr lower sand of the North Area, Offshore Qatar  

Microsoft Academic Search

A hydrodynamic model is described to account for oil and gas occurrences in the Cretaceous of offshore Qatar, in the Arabian Gulf. Variable and inconsistent fluid levels and variable formation water potentials and salinities cannot be explained by combinations of stratigraphic and structural trapping. Indeed, there is no structural closure to the southwest of the oil and gas accumulations. The

1988-01-01

292

Roles and Responsibilities of Teaching Assistants in Primary Independent Schools of Qatar  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this study was to identify the roles and responsibilities of teaching assistants in the primary independent schools in the State of Qatar and to determine whether these roles and responsibilities differed for subgroups in our sample. Results from the study were used to inform and improve certificate programs for teaching assistants.…

Zaki, Eman; Allen, Nancy; Almula, Badriya; Al Motawaha, Fatma; Fakhro, Aisha

2009-01-01

293

"Hope in the Life": The Children of Qatar Speak about Inclusion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Qatar supports the rights of children with special needs to obtain suitable opportunities to learn and be included with other children. However, the concept of inclusion in education is relatively new in this country. In 2001, the Special Needs Committee of the Supreme Council for Family Affairs set up a task force to begin planning for including…

Al Attiyah, Asma; Lazarus, Brenda

2007-01-01

294

An International Collaboration: Establishing an Education Collection in a Library in Qatar  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Texas A&M University has a history of international collaboration, cooperation and global outreach. Texas A&M University at Qatar provides engineering students in the Middle East with an education, and ultimately, a degree comparable to that found on our home campus in College Station. The Texas A&M University Libraries have provided curricular…

Smith, Jane

2008-01-01

295

Exploring the Relationship between Organizational Learning and Career Resilience among Faculty Members at Qatar University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Two main purposes guide this study. The first is to assess the level of individual, group, and organizational learning at Qatar University (QU), and the level of career resilience among its faculty members. The second is to explore the relationships between these levels of learning at QU and the career resilience of its faculty members.…

Abu-Tineh, Abdullah M.

2011-01-01

296

Development of Education in Qatar (1975/76 and 1976/77).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The national educational system of Qatar was established in 1956, when the discovery of oil provided a financial base for educational expansion. The government provides free education from primary school through the university and has stressed a system of incentives for students rather than declaring education compulsory on any level. Four types…

Ministry of Education and Youth Welfare (Qatar).

297

Developing a School Finance System for K-12 Reform in Qatar  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reform-minded leaders of Qatar, who have embarked on a sweeping reform of their nation's education system, asked RAND to evaluate the education finance system that has been adopted and to offer suggestions for improvements. The authors analyze the system's evolution and resource allocation patterns between 2004 and 2006 and develop analytic tools…

Guarino, Cassandra M.; Galama, Titus; Constant, Louay; Gonzalez, Gabriella; Tanner, Jeffery C.; Goldman, Charles A.

2009-01-01

298

National Student Research Fairs as Evidence for Progress in Qatar's Education for a New Era  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the past decade, the State of Qatar has positioned itself as a leader of educational reform. In 2004, Education for a New Era (ENE) established internationally benchmarked curriculum in Qatari "Independent Schools". Educational reform was to provide an educated workforce and economic prosperity based on a competitive, knowledge-based…

Anderson, Margery K.; Alnaimi, Tarfa Nasser; Alhajri, Shaikha Hamad

2010-01-01

299

Mothers' Perceptions of the Treatment of Their Children with Disabilities in Qatar  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article constitutes one part of a study of the perceptions of mothers of children with disabilities in Qatar with the purpose of obtaining mothers' unique perceptions of treatment of their children within their community. Participants included 40 mothers of one or more children with disabilities from ages 4 to 19 who attended the same…

Kay, Alyn K.

2011-01-01

300

The neglected epidemic: Road traffic accidents in a developing country, State of Qatar  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of the study is to explore the pattern of road traffic accidents (RTA) and their causes in the State of Qatar. A total of 52?160 RTA, 1130 injuries and 85 fatalities were registered during the year 2000. The data on RTA, injuries and fatalities was obtained from the Traffic Department of the Ministry of Interior, Supreme Council for

Abdulbari Bener

2005-01-01

301

Anaglyph, Landsat overlay, Southernmost Coastal Oman  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This 3-D view of a coastal area in southernmost Oman shows how topographic information can be used to enhance satellite images, deriving a better understanding of the processes that sculpt the landscape. The coastline in the upper half of the image appears to follow the same trend as a canyon in the lower half of the image. Both features are probably coincident with a single fault that cuts the limestone bedrock. Note how in this climate limestone erodes sharply along the stream courses resulting in deep and narrow canyons. Generally the landscape is barren, but the darker areas have sparse vegetation that is supported by summer monsoon moisture. The Arabian Sea is on the right.

This anaglyph was generated by first draping a Landsat Thematic Mapper image over a topographic map from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission, then using the topographic data to create two differing perspectives, one for each eye. When viewed through special glasses, the result is a vertically exaggerated view of the Earth's surface in its full three dimensions. Anaglyph glasses cover the left eye with a red filter and cover the right eye with a blue filter.

Landsat satellites have provided visible light and infrared images of the Earth continuously since 1972. SRTM topographic data match the 30 meter (100 foot) spatial resolution of most Landsat images and will provide a valuable complement for studying the historic and growing Landsat data archive. The Landsat 7 Thematic Mapper image used here was provided to the SRTM project by the United States Geological Survey, Earth Resources Observation Systems (EROS) Data Center, Sioux Falls, South Dakota.

The Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM), launched on February 11, 2000, used the same radar instrument that comprised the Spaceborne Imaging Radar-C/X-Band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SIR-C/X-SAR) that flew twice on the Space Shuttle Endeavour in 1994. The mission was designed to collect three-dimensional measurements of the Earth's surface. To collect the 3-D data, engineers added a 60-meter-long (200-foot) mast, an additional C-band imaging antenna and improved tracking and navigation devices. The mission is a cooperative project between the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the National Imagery and Mapping Agency (NIMA) and the German (DLR) and Italian (ASI)space agencies. It is managed by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, for NASA's Earth Science Enterprise, Washington, DC.

Size: 20.5 by 18.3 kilometers (12.7 by 11.3 miles) Location: 16.9 deg. North lat., 53.7 deg. East lon. Orientation: North at top-left Date Acquired: February 15, 2000 Image: NASA/JPL/NIMA

2000-01-01

302

Adult Tuberculous Meningitis in Qatar: A Descriptive Retrospective Study from its Referral Center.  

PubMed

Background: Tuberculous meningitis is the severest and commonest form of central nervous system tuberculosis causing high mortality and morbidity. We aim to study the clinical, biochemical, and radiological characteristics of tuberculous meningitis in adult patients in Qatar and to calculate the incidence. Methods: A descriptive retrospective 7-year study was conducted at the Hamad General Hospital (the only tertiary referral center and sole health care provider for tuberculosis in Qatar) between the 1st of January 2006 and the 31st of December 2012, to describe the clinical presentation, diagnosis, treatment, outcome, and the incidence of adult tuberculous meningitis in Qatar. Results: Tuberculous meningitis was diagnosed in 80 patients (65 male, 15 female), with a mean age of 30.3 ± 8.9. The majority of patients (76.3%) were from the Indian subcontinent. The commonest clinical features were fever (79%), headache (71%), and meningism (56%). Cerebrospinal fluid tuberculosis culture was positive in 44% of patients. Almost 39% of patients were in Stage I, 46% in Stage II and 15% in Stage III of the disease. The commonest neuroimaging features were leptomeningeal enhancement (34%) and hydrocephalus (33%). Cranial nerve palsy, limb weakness, and an elevated C-reactive protein were associated with a poorer outcome. Sixty eight percent had complete recovery, 10% had residual neurological sequelae without disability, 17% had disability, and 5% died. The average incidence of tuberculous meningitis over 7 years was 0.9 per 100,000 adult population. Conclusion: The characteristics of tuberculous meningitis were described in our population. Our data indicate that the incidence of tuberculosis meningitis in Qatar has increased. Tuberculous meningitis in Qatar is mainly an imported disease. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel. PMID:25413570

Imam, Yahia Z B; Ahmedullah, Hasan S; Akhtar, Naveed; Chacko, Kadavil C; Kamran, Saadat; Al Alousi, Faraj; Alsuwaidi, Zubaida; Almaslmani, Muna; Al Khal, A Latif; Deleu, Dirk

2014-11-18

303

Permian age from radiolarites of the Hawasina nappes, Oman Mountains  

SciTech Connect

The Hawasina napper of the Oman Mountains yielded Permian radiolarians from cherts stratigraphically overlying a thick volcanic basement (Al Jil Formation) at the base of the Hamrat Duru Group. This fauna represents the first Permian radiolarians and radiolarites in the central and western Tethyan realm. A Permain age for pelagic sequences within the Hawasina Complex of Oman has major significance for regional paleogeographic reconstruction. A clear differentiation between platform (reefal sediments) and basin (radiolarites) from the base of the Late Permian (255 Ma) is implied. It suggests a flexure of the platform during Permian time; the present data implies that a zone of rifting was already developed adjacent to the northeast Gondwana platform margin during the Late Permian. The Hamrat Duru Basin corresponds to an opening intracontinental rift area (sphenochasm) between Arabia and northeast Gondwana, a reentrant of the paleo-Tethys.

Wever, P.D. (Universite Pierre et Marie Curie (France)); Grissac C.B. (Bureau de Recherche Geologique et Miniere, Orleans, (France)); Bechennec, F. (Bureau de recherche Geologique et Miniere, Nantes (France))

1988-10-01

304

Introverted architecture and the human dimension : the conflict of placemaking in the disconnected urban fabric of Doha, Qatar  

E-print Network

Doha, the capital city of Qatar, has become a metropolis of disconnected inward-facing mega-projects with no regard to the remaining fabric of the city. This can be owed to the relatively short urbanization period that the ...

Sabouni, Farrah

2014-01-01

305

Howdy Ags! I am writing to inform you of a policy instituted by Qatar Foundation and the branch affiliates regarding  

E-print Network

for immunizations and submitting documentation of immunizations and/or immunity to certain, anxiety and stress management, counseling, self-help information, and wellness and recording the immunizations and vaccines you have had over the years. Qatar

Behmer, Spencer T.

306

Speleothem-based paleoclimate record from northern Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

U-Th age dating and stable isotope measurements of speleothems from Hoti Cave in northern Oman yield paleoclimate information from the region extending to 125 ka. The results (1) provide further confirmation of an early Holocene wet period in southern Arabia extending from some time prior to 9.7 ka and ending at 6.2 ka; (2) demonstrate a second period of wetness

Stephen J. Burns; Albert Matter; Norbert Frank; Augusto Mangini

1998-01-01

307

Modernization and underdevelopment. The case of a capital-surplus country: Kuwait  

SciTech Connect

This study deals with the problem of modernization and development in a Third World country: Kuwait. The main thesis is that Kuwait has witnessed a process of modernization rather than a process of development. On the contrary, a process of underdevelopment has accompanied its modernization. This thesis is discussed through a detailed case study of the transformation of the Kuwaiti socio-economic system over a period of thirty years. Kuwait is not a typical Third World country. Its uniqueness lies in the fact that it is a thinly populated capital-producing country with severe labor shortages and huge capital surpluses. The major focus of the analysis is on the kind of modernization and development that occurred under this rare condition. The whole process of transformation is exposed through an analysis of manpower development. Manpower, or labor, is seen both as the source of bottleneck of any genuine development in the less developed countries. The case of Kuwaiti modernization and development is analyzed from a political economy perspective, whereby the role of social and political variables in social change is emphasized. Finally, the transformation of Kuwait is viewed within the larger international economic order. The role of external political and economic factors in shaping Kuwait's modernization and development is discussed.

Sirhan, B.T.

1980-01-01

308

A Review of Adult Obesity Prevalence, Trends, Risk Factors, and Epidemiologic Methods in Kuwait  

PubMed Central

Objective. Kuwait is among the countries with the highest obesity rates worldwide; however, little is known about the state of obesity epidemiology research in Kuwait. In this paper, we therefore review the findings and methodology of studies on the prevalence, trends and risk factors of obesity in Kuwait. Methods. The PubMed database was searched using the keyword combination: obesity and adults and Kuwait. Out of 111 articles, 39 remained after abstract review, and 18 were selected after full-text review. Results. The studies were all cross-sectional and published in the last fifteen years (1997–2012). The sample size ranged from 177 to 38,611 individuals. Only 30% of studies used random sampling. The prevalence (BMI ? 30) in studies with a nationally representative sample ranged from 24% to 48% overall and in adults >50 years was greater than 52%. Rates were significantly higher in women than those in men. Studies that examined trends showed an increase in obesity prevalence between 1980 and 2009. Multiple risk factors including sociocultural factors were investigated in the studies; however, factors were only crudely assessed. Conclusion. There is a need for future studies, particularly surveillance surveys and prospective cohort studies utilizing advanced methods, to monitor trends and to comprehensively assess the factors contributing to the obesity epidemic in Kuwait. PMID:24455212

Alsmadi, Osama; Behbehani, Kazem

2013-01-01

309

Global Culture or Culture ClashNew Information Technologies in the Islamic World—A View From Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Theories about the impact of the information revolution on the developing world stress the inevitability of democratization and economic privatization. This article tests some of these predictions in light of ethnographic practice using Kuwait as a case study. By studying the development of an active Internet culture in Kuwait and the persistence of traditional political and economic practices, this article

DEBORAH L. WHEELER

1998-01-01

310

Case study on combined CO? sequestration and low-salinity water production potential in a shallow saline aquifer in Qatar.  

PubMed

CO? is one of the byproducts of natural gas production in Qatar. The high rate of natural gas production from Qatar's North Field (world's largest non-associated gas field) has led to the production of significant amounts of CO?. The release of CO? into the atmosphere may be harmful from the perspective of global warming. In this work, we study the CO? sequestration potential in Qatar's Aruma aquifer. The Aruma aquifer is a saline aquifer in the southwest of Qatar. It occupies an area of approximately 1985 km? on land (16% of Qatar's total area). We have developed a compositional model for CO? sequestration in the Aruma aquifer on the basis of available log and flow test data. We suggest water production at some distance from the CO? injection wells as a possible way to control the pore pressure. This method increases the potential for safe sequestration of CO? in the aquifer without losing integrity of the caprock and without any CO? leakage. The water produced from this aquifer is considerably less saline than seawater and could be a good water source for the desalination process, which is currently the main source of water in Qatar. The outcome of the desalination process is water with higher salinity than the seawater that is currently discharged into the sea. This discharge can have negative long-term environmental effects. The water produced from the Aruma aquifer is considerably less saline than seawater and can be a partial solution to this problem. PMID:22672956

Ahmed, Tausif Khizar; Nasrabadi, Hadi

2012-10-30

311

Drought analysis for Kuwait using standardized precipitation index.  

PubMed

Implementation of adequate measures to assess and monitor droughts is recognized as a major matter challenging researchers involved in water resources management. The objective of this study is to assess the hydrologic drought characteristics from the historical rainfall records of Kuwait with arid environment by employing the criterion of Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI). A wide range of monthly total precipitation data from January 1967 to December 2009 is used for the assessment. The computation of the SPI series is performed for intermediate- and long-time scales of 3, 6, 12, and 24 months. The drought severity and duration are also estimated. The bivariate probability distribution for these two drought characteristics is constructed by using Clayton copula. It has been shown that the drought SPI series for the time scales examined have no systematic trend component but a seasonal pattern related to rainfall data. The results are used to perform univariate and bivariate frequency analyses for the drought events. The study will help evaluating the risk of future droughts in the region, assessing their consequences on economy, environment, and society, and adopting measures for mitigating the effect of droughts. PMID:25386598

Almedeij, Jaber

2014-01-01

312

Human Impacts on Coral Reefs in the Sultanate of Oman  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A rapid assessment survey of the coral reefs of the Sultanate of Oman was conducted by the Ministry of Regional Municipalities and Environment during the first half of 1996. The survey revealed new information on the distribution pattern of corals in Oman and identified impacts, threats and potential threats to coral communities for the purpose of preparation of a National Coral Reef Management Plan (Phase One of the implementation of a National Coastal Zone Management Plan). Impacts on coral reefs in Oman were found to be attributable to both natural and human causes, resulting in significant and widespread degradation. Damage resulting from fisheries activities was the most commonly recorded human impact, with the most severe effects. Other human impacts resulted from coastal construction, recreational activities, oil pollution and eutrophication. Predation of corals by Acanthaster planci, damage caused by storms, coral diseases and temperature-related stress were the most commonly recorded natural impacts to coral reefs. Further minor natural impacts were attributable to siltation, rock falls and predation by a corallivorous gastropod (Drupella sp.). Significant differences between different areas of the country were found in terms of human impacts on coral reefs and these were related to coastal demography and human activity. Eighty per cent of sites studied were recorded to have been affected by human impacts to some degree. Impacts attributable to fisheries activities were found at 69% of the sites. Lost or abandoned gill nets were found to affect coral reefs at 49% of sites throughout Oman and accounted for 70% of all severe human impacts. Lost gill nets were also found to have a negative affect on fisheries resources and other marine wildlife. Observations of the behaviour of gill nets on coral reefs suggested a predictable pattern of damage over time and a significant increase in damage intensity during storms. Fishing nets were found to act selectively, causing greater damage to certain coral communities than to others. Results of the study are discussed in relation to management of coral reef areas in Oman.

Al-Jufaili, S.; Al-Jabri, M.; Al-Baluchi, A.; Baldwin, R. M.; Wilson, S. C.; West, F.; Matthews, A. D.

1999-08-01

313

SIT Workshops 1995 2011 Page 1 of 17  

E-print Network

February 1997 Gaithersburg, MD General Standards and Conformity Assessment Saudi Arabia Bahrain Oman Qatar, and food handling safety measures. Bahrain Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates 16. Electrical

314

75 FR 13421 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; FAR Case 2008-036, Trade Agreements-Costa Rica, Oman, and Peru  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...2008-036, Trade Agreements--Costa Rica, Oman, and Peru AGENCIES: Department of Defense...respect to Costa Rica, the United States-Oman Free Trade Agreement, and the United States-Peru...rule. The interim rule added Costa Rica, Oman, and Peru to the definition of...

2010-03-19

315

Fluid Inclusions in carpholite bearing metasediments and blueschists from NE Oman: Constraints on P-T evolution  

E-print Network

Fluid Inclusions in carpholite ­ bearing metasediments and blueschists from NE Oman: Constraints in carpholite ­ bearing metasediments and blueschists from NE Oman: Constraints on P-T evolution Abstract Thrust sheets of the upper plate of the Saih Hatat window, NE Oman contain metasediments formed under lawsonite

El-Shazly, Aley

316

Post-rift seaward downwarping at passive margins: new insights from southern Oman using stratigraphy to constrain  

E-print Network

Post-rift seaward downwarping at passive margins: new insights from southern Oman using The plateau edge of southern Oman is used as a natural laboratory to independently test apatite fission, Oman INTRODUCTION Low-temperature thermochronology (LTT) is commonly used to detect the depth

317

Modeling the seismic signature of structural data from the Oman Ophiolite: Can a mantle diapir be detected beneath  

E-print Network

Modeling the seismic signature of structural data from the Oman Ophiolite: Can a mantle diapir diapirs mapped in the Oman ophiolite and compare these results with those of active source seismic anisotropy that are consistent with Oman diapirs of different size. Forward calculations of the delay time

Toomey, Doug

318

ELSEVIER Earth and Planetary Science Letters 144(19961239-250 Magma chambers in the Oman ophiolite: fed from the top  

E-print Network

EPSL ELSEVIER Earth and Planetary Science Letters 144(19961239-250 Magma chambers in the Oman studies in the Oman ophiolite, we suggest that the accretion of the lower crust may not proceed entirely unit at all scales. If this interpretation is correct, the gabbro section of the oceanic crust in Oman

Demouchy, Sylvie

319

The effect of dynamic recrystallization on olivine fabric and seismic anisotropy: Insight from a ductile shear zone, Oman ophiolite  

E-print Network

a ductile shear zone, Oman ophiolite Katsuyoshi Michibayashi a,, Toshiki Ina a , Kyuichi Kanagawa b a shear zone in a sinistral sense of shear within the northern Fizh mantle section of the Oman ophiolite in the region of the observation. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Keywords: ductile shear zone; Oman

Kanagawa, Kyuichi

320

Geophysical Prospecting, 2003, 51, 365368 Comment on: `The 3D shear experiment over the Natih field in Oman  

E-print Network

field in Oman: the effects of fracture-filling fluids on shear propagation' by C.M. van der Kolk, W propagating slower split shear-wave in the gas cap over the Natih field in Oman. We suggest that existing experiment on the Natih carbonate reservoir in Oman. They observe crack-induced shear-wave splitting

321

Changing moisture sources over the last 330,000 years in Northern Oman from fluid-inclusion evidence in speleothems  

E-print Network

Changing moisture sources over the last 330,000 years in Northern Oman from fluid 27 August 2002 Abstract Speleothems from Hoti Cave in northern Oman provide a record of continental in Oman has shown that northern and southern moisture sources are isotopically distinct. Combined

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

322

77 FR 73674 - Circular Welded Carbon-Quality Steel Pipe From India, Oman, The United Arab Emirates, and Vietnam  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Carbon-Quality Steel Pipe From India, Oman, The United Arab Emirates, and Vietnam...carbon-quality steel pipe from India, Oman, the United Arab Emirates, and Vietnam...carbon- quality steel pipe from India, Oman, the United Arab Emirates, and...

2012-12-11

323

76 FR 78313 - Circular Welded Carbon-Quality Steel Pipe From India, Oman, the United Arab Emirates, and Vietnam  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Carbon-Quality Steel Pipe From India, Oman, the United Arab Emirates, and Vietnam...injured by reason of imports from India, Oman, the United Arab Emirates, and Vietnam...subsidized by the Governments of India, Oman, the United Arab Emirates, and...

2011-12-16

324

77 FR 37711 - Circular Welded Carbon-Quality Steel Pipe From India, Oman, the United Arab Emirates, and Vietnam...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Carbon-Quality Steel Pipe From India, Oman, the United Arab Emirates, and Vietnam...less-than-fair-value imports from India, Oman, the United Arab Emirates, and Vietnam...welded carbon-quality steel pipe from Oman and the United Arab Emirates being...

2012-06-22

325

Formation and exhumation of blueschists and eclogites from NE Oman: new perspectives from RbSr and 40  

E-print Network

Formation and exhumation of blueschists and eclogites from NE Oman: new perspectives from Rb of Earth Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, Oman, and Geology Department, Idaho State University, USA. Our new results lead us to conclude that high-pressure metamorphism of the Oman margin took place

Hacker, Bradley R.

326

77 FR 32531 - Circular Welded Carbon-Quality Steel Pipe From the Sultanate of Oman: Preliminary Determination...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Welded Carbon-Quality Steel Pipe From the Sultanate of Oman: Preliminary Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair...steel pipe (certain steel pipe) from the Sultanate of Oman (Oman) is being, or is likely to be, sold in the United...

2012-06-01

327

Running Header and front cover: "Post-obduction evolution of Oman" Late Cretaceous to Paleogene Post-obduction extension  

E-print Network

Running Header and front cover: "Post-obduction evolution of Oman" Late Cretaceous to Paleogene Post-obduction extension and subsequent Neogene compression in the Oman Mountains Marc Fournier, Claude onto the Arabian Platform in the Late Cretaceous, north Oman underwent several phases of extension

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

328

Comment on ``dating the geologic history of Oman's Semail ophiolite: insights from UPb geochronology'' by C. J. Warren,  

E-print Network

COMMENT Comment on ``dating the geologic history of Oman's Semail ophiolite: insights from U of the Semail ophiolite of Oman. The new U­Pb data concern the eclogites preserved at the margin of the Arabian' geochemical signature has been questioned (e.g., Hofmann 2004), especially in the case of Oman (Godard et al

Demouchy, Sylvie

329

The crust and upper mantle structure of the UAE/Oman mountains: Implications for foreland basin formation and ophiolite emplacement  

E-print Network

The crust and upper mantle structure of the UAE/Oman mountains: Implications for foreland basin explored, is located in the Middle East, in UAE/Oman. This mountain belt comprises one of the world's best multichannel seismic streamer and ocean bottom seismometers to constrain the deep structure of the UAE/Oman

Watts, A. B. "Tony"

330

Managing Quality from a Distance: A Case Study of Collaboration between Oman and New Zealand  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Both the public and private higher education sectors in Oman are undergoing rapid change in the number and type of local and foreign degrees offered. The Sultanate is developing a comprehensive quality assurance system to ensure the educational appropriateness of all degrees awarded in Oman. This paper examines the collaboration between the…

O'Rourke, Susan; Al Bulushi, H. A.

2010-01-01

331

Municipal Demand for Water in Kuwait: Methodological Issues and Empirical Results  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study utilized, for the first time, a demand function for municipal water derived from the Stone-Geary utility function, thereby permitting explicit consideration of the minimum amount of water necessary for daily needs. Using monthly data from Kuwait, this demand function gave greater price elasticity estimates but smaller income elasticity estimates than those of other countries. It was estimated that the "subsistence" water use level in Kuwait is about 42 L per capita per day and the results suggest that at least in that wealthy country, people do respond to changes in the prices of public services.

Al-Qunaibet, Mohammad H.; Johnston, Richard S.

1985-04-01

332

Characterisation of winter respiratory viral infections in patients with asthma and COPD in Qatar.  

PubMed

Respiratory viruses in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or asthma have not been characterised in Qatar. This study aimed to identify the most common viral strains responsible for respiratory tract infections in asthma/COPD patients (without exacerbations) in Qatar during the winter season (2008-2009). Nasal swabs from patients with asthma/COPD and respiratory symptoms were evaluated for 15 common viruses. 200 adult patients (190 with asthma and 10 with COPD) were enrolled. Viral infections were present in 36 out of 200 patients (18 %). Cough and wheezing were the most common symptoms. Rhinovirus was the most common causative agent, followed by coronaviruses. Our findings confirm previous reports of rhinovirus prevalence in respiratory tract infections in asthma/COPD. A countrywide survey to confirm our findings is warranted. PMID:23242778

Althani, Asma; Bushra, Sumbul; Shaath, Noor; Sattar, Hisham A

2013-05-01

333

Measles surveillance in Qatar, 2008: quality of surveillance data and timeliness of notification.  

PubMed

Disease surveillance systems require that data are complete and submitted on time so that effective prevention and control measures can be initiated promptly. Qatar is in the elimination phase of measles control. A retrospective review of records was conducted in Qatar to evaluate the timeliness of notification and completeness of measles surveillance data. All the notification and investigation forms for the year 2008 were analysed. About 85% of the notification forms were missing at least 2 of the WHO recommended minimum data elements, and only 27.8% of the suspected measles cases were reported within 2 days. Lack of vaccination status information and blood specimen collection were the most prominent defects in the notification forms. The major deficiency in the investigation forms were information on the source of infection, measles serology results and date of blood specimen collection. Ways to improve the quality of the notification system need to be investigated. PMID:22276487

Nazzal, Z A; Said, H; Horeesh, N A

2011-11-01

334

Radioactivity levels in the marine environment along the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of Qatar.  

PubMed

A study on (137)Cs, (40)K, (226)Ra, (228)Ra, and (238)U was carried out along the EEZ of Qatar. Results serve as the first ever baseline data. The level of (137)Cs (mean value 1.6±0.4Bqm(-3)) in water filters was found to be in the same order of magnitude as reported by others in worldwide marine radioactivity studies. Results are also in agreement with values reported from other Gulf regions. The computed values of sediment-water distribution coefficients Kd, are lower than the values given by IAEA. Measurements were carried out for bottom sediments, biota samples like fish, oyster, sponge, seashell, mangrove, crab, shrimp, starfish, dugong and algae. The 'concentration factors' reported for biota samples are below the levels published by IAEA and cause no significant impact on human health for seafood consumers in Qatar. PMID:25480154

Al-Qaradawi, Ilham; Abdel-Moati, Mohamed; Al-Yafei, Mohsin Al-Ansi; Al-Ansari, Ebrahim; Al-Maslamani, Ibrahim; Holm, Elis; Al-Shaikh, Ismail; Mauring, Alexander; Pinto, Primal V; Abdulmalik, Dana; Amir, Amina; Miller, Mark; Yigiterhan, Oguz; Persson, Bertil

2015-01-15

335

An Overview of Solid Waste Management and Plastic Recycling in Qatar  

Microsoft Academic Search

Municipal solid waste management (MSWM) constitutes one of the most crucial health and environmental problems facing authorities\\u000a in the Arabian Gulf. Recent literature on current solid waste management (SWM) in Qatar has been reviewed in this paper, and\\u000a a focused study has been carried out to provide a review on the total amount of municipal solid waste generated, stored, collected,

M. Al-Maaded; N. K. Madi; Ramazan Kahraman; A. Hodzic; N. G. Ozerkan

336

Comparison of intestinal parasitic infection in newly arrived and resident workers in Qatar  

PubMed Central

Background The rapid growth of Qatar in the last two decades has been associated with an enormous expansion of building programs in its cities and in the provision of new service industries. This in turn has attracted a large influx of immigrant workers seeking employment in jobs associated with food handling, domestic service and the building industry. Many of these immigrants come from countries in the tropics and subtropics where intestinal parasitic infections are common. Methods We analyzed intestinal parasitic infections recorded in 2008 among immigrant and long-term resident workers in Doha city, Qatar (n = 1538). Stool examinations were carried out at the Hamad Medical Corporation and at the Medical Commission in Doha using standard procedures. Results Overall, 21.5% of subjects were infected with at least one of the species recorded (8 helminth and 4 protozoan species; the highest prevalence was for hookworms = 8.3%) and there were strong regional effects on prevalence of helminths, with subjects from North East Africa and Nepal showing particularly high prevalence. Most helminths declined in prevalence in subjects that acquired residency status in Qatar, especially among female subjects, but there was a marked exception among male Nepalese workers, who continued to harbour helminth infections (notably hookworms) after they became residents. Contrary to all other regional groups the prevalence of Giardia duodenalis was higher among Nepalese residents compared with new arrivals, while Blastocystis hominis infections were more common among residents of all regions, and especially among North East Africans. Conclusions Our analysis has identified male Nepalese workers as a particular risk group continuing to harbour hookworm infection and G. duodenalis as residents, and subjects from North East Africa are as particularly likely to acquire B. hominis infection after settling in the country. These conclusions have important implications for the health authorities in Qatar. PMID:22053720

2011-01-01

337

Breast cancer health promotion in Qatar: a survey of community pharmacists’ interests and needs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women in Qatar. Despite the sustained efforts to increase breast cancer public\\u000a awareness via campaigns and public screening programmes, breast cancer screening rate remains low. The involvement of community\\u000a pharmacists in the communication and distribution of breast cancer screening information should have a significant positive\\u000a impact. The objectives of this study

Maguy Saffouh El Hajj; Yousra Hamid

2011-01-01

338

http://www.armscontrol.ru/ . Robock1, L. Oman1, G.L. Stenchikov1, O.B. Toon2, C. Bardeen2, R.P. Turco3  

E-print Network

://www.armscontrol.ru/ * . Robock1, L. Oman1, G.L. Stenchikov1, O.B. Toon2, C. Bardeen2, R.P. Turco3, 1990], , * "Robock, Alan, Luke Oman, Georgiy L. Stenchikov, Owen B. Toon, Charles Bardeen]. - , - . - . . ( ) 1912 [Oman ., 2005]. ( ) [Oman ., 2006], , . , (e

Robock, Alan

339

Comment on "Aptian faulting in the Haushi-Huqf (Oman) and the tectonic evolution of the southeast Arabian platform-margin"  

E-print Network

Comment on "Aptian faulting in the Haushi-Huqf (Oman) and the tectonic evolution of the southeast Gray, 25030 Besançon, France 4 BRGM, Oman Branch, P.O. Box 3785, Ruwi 112, Sultanate of Oman in the Huqf area in eastern Oman, Montenat et al. (2003) defined an extensional phase of faulting of Aptian

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

340

Oxidation states of uranium in depleted uranium particles from Kuwait.  

PubMed

The oxidation states of uranium in depleted uranium (DU) particles were determined by synchrotron radiation based mu-XANES, applied to individual particles isolated from selected samples collected at different sites in Kuwait. Based on scanning electron microscopy with X-ray microanalysis prior to mu-XANES, DU particles ranging from submicrons to several hundred micrometers were observed. The median particle size depended on sources and sampling sites; small-sized particles (median 13 microm) were identified in swipes taken from the inside of DU penetrators holes in tanks and in sandy soil collected below DU penetrators, while larger particles (median 44 microm) were associated with fire in a DU ammunition storage facility. Furthermore, the (236)U/(235)U ratios obtained from accelerator mass spectrometry demonstrated that uranium in the DU particles originated from reprocessed fuel (about 10(-2) in DU from the ammunition facility, about 10(-3) for DU in swipes). Compared to well-defined standards, all investigated DU particles were oxidized. Uranium particles collected from swipes were characterized as UO(2), U(3)O(8) or a mixture of these oxidized forms, similar to that observed in DU affected areas in Kosovo. Uranium particles formed during fire in the DU ammunition facility were, however, present as oxidation state +5 and +6, with XANES spectra similar to solid uranyl standards. Environmental or health impact assessments for areas affected by DU munitions should therefore take into account the presence of respiratory UO(2), U(3)O(8) and even UO(3) particles, their corresponding weathering rates and the subsequent mobilisation of U from oxidized DU particles. PMID:15511555

Salbu, B; Janssens, K; Lind, O C; Proost, K; Gijsels, L; Danesi, P R

2005-01-01

341

Tsunami Hazard Assessment along the Coast of Oman from Near- and Far-field Tectonic Sources  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Coastal areas of Oman are exposed to tsunami threat associated with earthquakes generated in two major subduction zones, namely Makran and Sumatra. Both zones were responsible of triggering tsunamis that reached/impacted Oman coast. The Mw8.1 earthquake event of 1945, occurred in Makran zone, has caused a tsunami that was reported to affect the coast of Oman. The Mw9.2 Indian Ocean event of 2004 triggered a tsunami that was recorded in various tide-gauges stations of Oman with wave amplitude reaching ~1.7m in the port of Salalah. This work aims to assess tsunami hazard along the Oman coast considering both deterministic and probabilistic approaches. Deterministic approach uses particular source scenarios (most credible and/or worst case) from Makran and Sumatra subduction zones and computes the tsunami coastal impact through numerical modeling of expected waveforms, maximum wave heights distribution, and site-specific inundations. While, probabilistic approach includes the contribution of small and large sources and employs the probabilistic seismic hazard assessment together with the numerical modeling to evaluate the likelihood that a certain level of tsunami threat is exceeded at a certain location of Oman coast within a certain period of time. We present deterministic results in terms of regional scale distribution of maximum wave heights, tsunami waveforms computation, and inundation maps for a selected coastal area. For probabilistic assessment, we derive 250- and 500-years probability hazard exceedance maps and hazard curves for the Oman coast. The hazard maps consist of computing the likelihood that tsunami waves exceed a specific amplitude for the entire coast of Oman, and the hazard curves describe the variation of cumulative probabilities as function of wave amplitudes at some critical coastal points. Finally, we discuss the usefulness of obtained results for tsunami mitigation in Oman. Keywords: Tsunami, Oman, Deterministic approach, Probabilistic approach.

El-Hussain, Issa; Baptista, Maria; Omira, Rachid; Al-Rawas, Ghazi; Deif, Ahmed; Al-Habsi, Zaid; Al-Jabri, Khalifa

2014-05-01

342

Geology and hydrocarbon potential in the state of Qatar, Arabian Gulf  

SciTech Connect

The state of Qatar is situated in the southern Arabian Gulf and covers an area of 12,000 km{sup 2}. It is formed by a large, broad anticline, which is part of the regional south-southwest-north-northeast-trending Qatar-South Fars arch. The arch separates the two Infracambrian salt basins. The Dukhan field was the first discovery, made in 1939, in the Upper Jurassic limestones. Since then, a series of discoveries have been made so that Qatar has become one of the leading OPEC oil states. Hydrocarbon accumulations are widely dispersed throughout the stratigraphic column from upper Paleozoic to Cretaceous producing strata. The most prolific reservoirs are the Permian and Mesozoic shelf carbonate sequences. Minor clastic reservoirs occur in the Albian and Paleozoic sequences. Seals, mainly anhydrite and shale. occur both intraformationally and regionally. Several stratigraphic intervals contain source rocks or potential source rocks. The Silurian shales arc the most likely source of the hydrocarbon stored in the upper Paleozoic clastics and carbonates. The upper Oxfordian-middle Kimmeridgian rocks formed in the extensive starved basin during the Mesozoic period of sea level rise. Total organic carbon ranges between 1 and 6%, with the sulfur content approximately 9%. The source material consists of sapropelic liptodetrinite and algae. The geological background of the sedimentary facies through geologic time, stratigraphy, and structural evolution which control source, and the subsequent timing and migration of large-scale hydrocarbon generation are presented in detail.

Alsharhan, A.S. (United Arab Emirates Univ., Al-Ain (United Arab Emirates)); Nairn, A.E.M. (Univ. of South Carolina, Columbia (USA))

1990-05-01

343

Middle Cretaceous carbonate reservoirs, Fahud field and northwestern Oman  

SciTech Connect

Reservoir facies in Fahud field and throughout northwestern Oman are in shallow-shelf carbonates of the middle Cretaceous Mishrif and Mauddud Formations. Interparticle porosity formed in the Mishrif as sand aprons of lithoclast and skeletal grainstones surrounding fault-block islands, and less commonly in the Mauddud as biostromes of rudist packstones. Moldic porosity after fine rudist debris is more common than interparticle porosity and occurs in thicker stratigraphic units, interpreted to have formed locally in meteoric-water lenses associated with islands, and regionally during subaerial exposure associated with sea level lows.

Harris, P.M.; Frost, S.H.

1984-05-01

344

Middle Cretaceous carbonate reservoirs, Fahud field and northwestern Oman  

SciTech Connect

Reservoir facies in Fahud field and throughout northwestern Oman are in shallow-shelf carbonates of the middle Cretaceous Mishrif and Mauddud Formations. Interparticle porosity formed in the Mishrif as sand aprons of lithoclast and skeletal grainstones surrounding fault-block islands and less commonly in the Mauddud as biostromes of rudist packstones. Moldic porosity after fine rudist debris is more common than interparticle porosity and occurs in thicker stratigraphic units, interpreted to have formed locally in meteoric-water lenses associated with islands, and regionally during subaerial exposure associated with sea level lows. 8 references, 9 figures.

Harris, P.M.; Frost, S.H.

1984-05-01

345

Middle cretaceous carbonate reservoirs, Fahud Field and northwestern Oman: discussion  

SciTech Connect

A discussion is presented of the Cretaceous formations involved in Fahud field. Along the Trucial Coast, as in northwestern Oman, it is not difficult to date the time of formation of the foredeep. This article provides a stratigraphic correlation chart for the Cretaceous along the Arabian side of the Arabian Gulf. The terminology presented on this correlation chart reflects oil-industry usage in the area, including correlations published by Owen and Nasr, Loutfi and Jaber, Arabian American Oil Company, Beydoun and Dunnington, and Hassan et al.

Brennan, P.

1985-05-01

346

Optimal rate of oil production and economic development: the case of Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

This dissertation utilizes the optimal control technique to establish a national economic planning model through which Kuwait's oil extraction policy is determined with relation to the structure of its economy as well as the welfare of the nation. This has been advanced through two steps: 1) by building a macroeconomic model, which is used as a constraint on the planning

Al-Ebraheem

1984-01-01

347

Money, income and sterilization: tests for causality in the oil economy of Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this investigation is to provide some evidence on two widely held hypotheses dominating monetary analysis in the small oil economy of Kuwait and other Gulf states. The first posits that causality should run from money to income, while the second emphasizes the neutral impact of external transactions on the domestic money supply.

Farah G. Fadil

1989-01-01

348

Forward rates as predictors of future spot rates in small open economies: The case of Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between forward and future spot rates appears to be the same for Kuwait as for larger developed countries. Bid-ask spreads do not appear to affect the relationship. But cointegration, unit root and frequency domain tests suggest that there may be a stronger long-run than short-run relationship.

John Pippenger

1991-01-01

349

An Empirical Evaluation of Consumption Behaviour in Oil Societies: The Case of Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Theories of consumption function have been tested for many developed and underdeveloped economies with grouped data sets. No empirical work has been done to confirm or disconfmn these theories in the oil-rich economies of the Middle East. This paper applies Kuwait's rich micro data of the 1972-73 budget survey results to the principal consumption models - the Keynesian Model, the

SULAYMAN S. AL-QuDSI

1984-01-01

350

House-to-House Migration:The Hadrami Experience in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ethnographic research among Hadrami immigrants in Kuwait showed significant relationships that emerged between affluent Kuwaiti families and waves of labourers at the beginning of state formation. It is suggested that those relationships had worked as a model for the state and for how ordinary Kuwaitis categorised and interacted with different populations of immigrants. In the 1950s, the first Hadrami immigrants

Abdullah M. Alajmi

2012-01-01

351

Contribution of oil to the economic development in Kuwait (1962-1981): a macroeconometric approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

A simultaneous-equations econometric model for the Kuwaiti economy is developed. Emphasis is placed on the supply side of the economy, and on the linkages between the Kuwait economy and the world economy via trade, investment, and money markets. In addition, the oil sector is integrated into the economy. The model provides a measure of the over-all contribution of oil to

Hegazey

1985-01-01

352

Economic Diversification: The Case of Kuwait with Reference to Oil Producing Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper addresses the issue of economic diversification as a necessary, but not sufficient condition to enhance economic development process in the state of Kuwait, and oil exporting countries alike. A number of diversification indices are calculated, and an Input- Output based diversity index is provided. The latter measured with reference to the Norwegian economy as a benchmark for a

Ahmed Al-Kawaz

2008-01-01

353

Students Opinions and Attitudes towards Physical Education Classes in Kuwait Public Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of study was to investigate student opinion and attitude toward physical education classes. Two thousand seven hundred (2700) students answered the survey: 1239 (45.3%) were male students and 1497 (54.7%) were female from Kuwait six districts: Al_Hawalli, Al_Asimah, Al_Jahra, Al_Mobarak, Al_Farwniah, Al_Ahmadi. Weight Status was determined…

Mohammed, Heyam Reda; Mohammad, Mona Ahmad

2012-01-01

354

Investigation of the efficiency of existing air pollution monitoring sites in the state of Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of mathematical modelling for investigation of the efficiency of existing monitoring sites for the impact of SO2 emissions from power stations in the state of Kuwait is described. The Industrial Source Complex Short Term (ISCST3) model is utilised to obtain the spatial and temporal variations of SO2 over residential areas. Statistical comparison between the 50 highest daily measured

M. S. Al-Rashidi; V. Nassehi; R. J. Wakeman

2005-01-01

355

Predictors of Breastfeeding Duration among Women in Kuwait: Results of a Prospective Cohort Study  

PubMed Central

The purposes of this paper are to report the prevalence of breastfeeding to six months among women in Kuwait and to determine the factors that are associated with the duration of breastfeeding. A cohort of 373 women recruited from maternity wards in four hospitals in Kuwait city were followed from birth to 26 weeks postpartum. The association of any and full breastfeeding duration and predictor variables were explored using multivariate Cox’s proportional hazards models. At six months, 39% of all infants were receiving some breast milk and only 2% of infants had been fully breastfed to 26 weeks. Women born in other Arab countries were less likely to discontinue breastfeeding than women born in Kuwait. Other factors positively associated with breastfeeding duration were level of maternal education, higher parity, infant being demand fed in hospital and a preference for breastfeeding on the part of the infant’s father and maternal grandmother. The introduction of a pacifier before four weeks of age and the mother intending to return to work by six months were negatively associated with duration. These findings present a number of opportunities for prolonging breastfeeding duration in Kuwait. PMID:24561360

Dashti, Manal; Scott, Jane A.; Edwards, Christine A.; Al-Sughayer, Mona

2014-01-01

356

The Impact of Private Sector Competition on Public Schooling in Kuwait: Some Socio-Educational Implications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the diminishing model of the welfare state, public education in Kuwait is facing the challenges of the competition of private schools, while the private sector has always struggled against the monopolistic power of the public schools that educate a broad spectrum of K-12 students. This article presents estimates of the effect of private…

Al-Shehab, Ali Jasem

2010-01-01

357

NNSA Signs Memorandum with Kuwait to Increase Cooperation on Nuclear Safeguards and Nonproliferation  

ScienceCinema

On June 23, 2010, the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) signed a Memorandum of Cooperation on nuclear safeguards and other nonproliferation topics with the Kuwait National Nuclear Energy Committee (KNNEC). NNSA Administrator Thomas D'Agostino and KNNEC's Secretary General, Dr. Ahmad Bishara, signed the memorandum at a ceremony at U.S. Department of Energy headquarters in Washington.

Thomas D'Agostino

2010-09-01

358

Humanistic Qualities of the Teacher as Perceived by Undergraduate Students in Bahrain and Kuwait  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of this study was to identify the main qualities of the teacher as a person as perceived by university students in Bahrain and Kuwait. A 25-item questionnaire, which reflected the basic humanistic qualities of the teacher as related to effective teaching, was designed and then administered to a random sample of 520 students enrolled…

Al-Musawi, Nu'man; Karam, Ebraheem M.

2011-01-01

359

The Attitudes, Knowledge and Beliefs of Arab Parents in Kuwait about Stuttering  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An Arabic version of the Public Opinion Survey of Human Attributes Inventory [POSHA-E; St Louis, K. O. (2005), a global instrument to measure public attitudes about stuttering. ("The ASHA Leader," 22, 2-13)] was administered to 424 Arab parents of preschool and school age children in 18 government schools across all six governorates in Kuwait. The…

Al-Khaledi, Maram; Lincoln, Michelle; McCabe, Patricia; Packman, Ann; Alshatti, Tariq

2009-01-01

360

LIS Students' ICT Skills in Kuwait: Perspectives of Employers, Teaching Staff and Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Kuwait and elsewhere, developments in electronic information resources have led to the demand for employees with ICT (information and communication technology) skills especially in information handling institutions. There is, therefore, a need to prepare the students for this workplace. As a result, the ICT skills of current LIS (library and…

Buarki, Hanadi; Hepworth, Mark; Murray, Ian

2011-01-01

361

Seasonal and spatial differences in the fish assemblage of the non-estuarine Sulaibikhat Bay, Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the period September 1986 to August 1987 fish were captured once a month, using an otter trawl, from the intertidal and subtidal regions of Sulaibikhat Bay, Kuwait. Correlation analysis revealed that numbers were not directly related to temperature at the time of sampling. The recruitment of large numbers of young of the year Liza carinata (Valenciennes) during March was

J. M. Wright

1988-01-01

362

Mangrove, Avicennia marina, Establishment and Growth under the Arid Climate of Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

The State of Kuwait is making concerted efforts to enhance greenery along its coastline. This study was conducted during 1999–2002 for identifying key soil factors associated with successful establishment and rapid growth in Avicennia marina. Based on the review of available data, repeated visits to potential sites, on-site assessment and laboratory characterization of soils, five sites (Shuwaikh, Sulaibikhat I, Sulaibikhat

N. R. BHAT; M. K. SULEIMAN; S. A. SHAHID

2004-01-01

363

A new snapping shrimp (Crustacea Decapoda, Alpheidae, Alpheus) from the estuarine mudflats of Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new snapping shrimp, Alpheus lutosus spec. nov., is described from the intertidal mudflats of Bubiyan Island, northern Kuwait, south of the vast Shatt-Al-Arab delta. The new species appears to be closely related to Alpheus hoplocheles Coutičre, 1897 from similar estuarine habitats in China and Japan, differing mainly in the absence of a sharp distolateral tooth on the palm of

A. Anker; Grave De S

2009-01-01

364

System of Education in Kuwait. PIER World Education Series. Working Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report describes the educational system of Kuwait from primary school through university. An introductory section gives an overview of the system, and subsequent sections detail curricula at each level, pre-university (including primary, intermediate, and secondary) and university-level. Pre-university education is divided into four…

Safwat, Ismail

365

Barriers in participant recruitment of diverse ethnicities in the state of Kuwait  

PubMed Central

Background High rejection rates of subject recruitments for research studies have been reported in immigrants in many countries. However, the barriers in recruiting members of the expatriate population in Kuwait have not yet been investigated. This study was therefore designed to identify barriers in recruiting expatriates for research studies in the state of Kuwait. Methods A population-based cross-sectional study was conducted on expatriate subject’s aged 18 years and older living in Kuwait. Difference between groups of continuous independent variables was analyzed using the t-test. Different categories such as ethnicity and gender were compared using the chi-square test. Results 3460 (85.1%) participants were recruited and 617 (14.2%) refused to participate in the study while 2530 (38%) calls were unreachable from the total of 6607 calls placed. Younger subjects (mean age 41.1 years) were more hesitant to be part of the study compared to older participants. The rejections among South Asians was (41.8%), Arabs (32.6%), Southeast Asians (18.9%) while the others (6.6%) category was least to refuse among all the nationalities. Gender was not significantly associated with refusal. Conclusion There is an acute lack of appropriate recording of the problems faced while recruiting the participants. The findings suggest important messages for the decision makers in the area of expatriate recruitments, to understand the challenge and design new strategies to overcome the problem of recruitment in the state of Kuwait for research studies. PMID:24257144

2013-01-01

366

CROP WATER AND IRRIGATION WATER REQUIREMENTS OF MAIZE (ZEA MAYS L.) IN THE ENTISOLS OF KUWAIT  

Microsoft Academic Search

Crop water and irrigation water requirements of mai ze were estimated using the FAO CROPWAT model for the loamy sands of Kuwait. Agro-meteorological data 0f 43 years was used for this purpose. The crop water req uirement (ETc), irrigation requirement (IR) and net irrigation requirement (NI R) of maize vary with the planting date. Water use of grain maize was

M. Abdul Salam; Suad Al Mazrooei

367

POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS IN THREE VARIETIES OF FISH FROM KUWAIT BAY  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study reports levels of parent polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in three native fish species—mullet, sea bream and tonguesole—captured from Kuwait Bay (KB) area and outside the Bay from the Auha area between October 2004 and June 2005. KB has witnessed rapid urban and industrial development since the discovery of oil and is considered to be the most productive area

M. U. Beg; B. Gevao; N. Al-Jandal; K. R. Beg; S. A. Butt; L. N. Ali; M. Al-Hussaini

2009-01-01

368

The Language Needs Analysis Project at the College of Petroleum and Engineering, Kuwait University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of the English language needs and attitudes of students and faculty in Kuwait University's College of Petroleum and Engineering is reported. The objective was to create a basis for assessing the relevance of the institution's current English second language program. Data were gathered through: (1) interviews with faculty, teaching…

Basturkmen, Helen; Al-Huneidi, Amal

369

A Study in Kuwait of Health Risks Associated with Using Cell Phones  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous studies have suggested a link between cell phone use and various symptoms. Analysis of 3,274 completed questionnaires from throughout Kuwait show a significant effect of exposure to cell phones for burning sensation on the ear, temporal pain, pain in the back of the head, auricular pain, noises in the ear, ear numbness, heartbeat…

Al-Khamees, Nedaa

2007-01-01

370

Emerging Burden of Frail Young and Elderly Persons in Oman  

PubMed Central

Recent improvements in health and an increased standard of living in Oman have led to a reduction in environment-related and infectious diseases. Now the country is experiencing an epidemiological transition characterised by a baby boom, youth bulge and increasing longevity. Common wisdom would therefore suggest that Omanis will suffer less ill health. However, a survey of literature suggests that chronic non-communicable diseases are unexpectedly becoming common. This is possibly fuelled by some socio-cultural patterns specific to Oman, as well as the shortcomings of the ‘miracle’ of health and rapid modernisation. Unfortunately, such new diseases do not spare younger people; a proportion of them will need the type of care usually reserved for the elderly. In addition, due to their pervasive and refractory nature, these chronic non-communicable diseases seem impervious to the prevailing ‘cure-oriented’ health care system. This situation therefore calls for a paradigm shift: a health care system that goes beyond a traditional cure-orientation to provide care services for the chronically sick of all ages. PMID:22548135

Al-Sinawi, Hamed; Al-Alawi, Mohammed; Al-Lawati, Rehab; Al-Harrasi, Ahmed; Al-Shafaee, Mohammed; Al-Adawi, Samir

2012-01-01

371

Health Facilities for Primary Eye Care in Sultanate of Oman  

PubMed Central

Objective: Endeavor to improve (i) the quality of Primary Eye Care with the aid of an Eye Health Care Programme and (ii) the resourcing Primary Eye Care in Ministry of Health Institutions in 2001. Method: In this descriptive study, staff were randomly selected from 84 health institutions and representing 136 primary health institutions to carry out quality assurance procedures. Ophthalmologists trained in this evaluation were field staff who evaluated the resource status, such as health staff, space for eye care delivery, instruments, materials for health education, referring cases (for continuous medical education of the primary health staff), drugs for eye care, etc., in each health institution. In addition to availability, the standards of eye care delivery were also estimated. Results: The health institutes of Oman have adequate resources for Primary Eye Care. Additional requirement of ophthalmic loupes and medicaments would further improve Primary Eye Care in Oman. Conclusion: It is recommended that such a review of the health care programme and its resources and quality be periodically conducted as a part of a system of quality assurance in primary health care. PMID:21748123

Khandekar, Rajiv; Mohammed, Ali J

2006-01-01

372

Masirah Graben, Oman: A hidden Cretaceous rift basin  

SciTech Connect

Reflection seismic data, well data, geochemical data, and surface geology suggest that a Cretaceous rift basin exists beneath the thrusted allochthonous sedimentary sequence of the Masirah graben, Oman. The Masirah graben is located east of the Huqf uplift, parallel to the southern coast of Oman. The eastern side of the northeast-trending Huqf anticlinorium is bounded by an extensional fault system that is downthrown to the southeast, forming the western edge of the Masirah graben. This graben is limited to the east by a large wedge of sea floor sediments and oceanic crust, that is stacked as imbricate thrusts. These sediments/ophiolites were obducted onto the southern margin of the Arabian plate during the collision of the Indian/Afghan plates at the end of the Cretaceous. Most of the Masirah graben is covered by an allochthonous sedimentary sequence, which is complexly folded and deformed above a detachment. This complexly deformed sequence contrasts sharply with what is believed to be a rift sequence below the ophiolites. The sedimentary sequence in the Masirah graben was stable until further rifting of the Arabian Sea/Gulf of Aden in the late Tertiary, resulting in reactivation of earlier rift-associated faults. Wells drilled in the Masirah graben in the south penetrated reservoir quality rocks in the Lower Cretaceous Natih and Shuaiba carbonates. Analyses of oil extracted from Infracambrian sedimentary rocks penetrated by these wells suggest an origin from a Mesozoic source rock.

Beauchamp, W.H. [Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States); Ries, A.C. [Ries-Coward Associates Ltd., Caversham (United Kingdom); Coward, M.P. [Imperial College, London (United Kingdom)] [and others

1995-06-01

373

Dynamic simulation solves process control problem in Oman  

SciTech Connect

A dynamic simulation study solved the process control problems for a Saih Rawl, Oman, gas compressor station operated by Petroleum Development of Oman (PDO). PDO encountered persistent compressor failure that caused frequent facility shutdowns, oil production deferment, and gas flaring. It commissioned MSE (Consultants) Ltd., U.K., to find a solution for the problem. Saih Rawl, about 40 km from Qarn Alam, produces oil and associated gas from a large number of low and high-pressure wells. Oil and gas are separated in three separators. The oil is pumped to Qarn Alam for treatment and export. Associated gas is compressed in two parallel trains. Train K-1115 is a 350,000 standard cu m/day, four-stage reciprocating compressor driven by a fixed-speed electric motor. Train K-1120 is a 1 million standard cu m/day, four-stage reciprocating compressor driven by a fixed-speed electric motor. Train K-1120 is a 1 million standard cu m/day, four-stage centrifugal compressor driven by a variable-speed motor. The paper describes tripping and surging problems with the gas compressor and the control simplifications that solved the problem.

NONE

1998-11-16

374

Seismic hazard evaluation of the Oman India pipeline  

SciTech Connect

The proposed Oman India pipeline will traverse approximately 1,135 km of the northern Arabian Sea floor and adjacent continental shelves at depths of over 3 km on its route from Ra`s al Jifan, Oman, to Rapar Gadhwali, India. The western part of the route crosses active faults that form the transform boundary between the Arabian and Indian tectonic plates. The eastern terminus of the route lies in the vicinity of the great (M {approximately} 8) 1829 Kutch, India earthquake. A probabilistic seismic hazard analysis was used to estimate the values of peak ground acceleration (PGA) with return periods of 200, 500 and 1,000 years at selected locations along the pipeline route and the submarine Indus Canyon -- a possible source of large turbidity flows. The results defined the ground-shaking hazard along the pipeline route and Indus Canyon for evaluation of risks to the pipeline from potential earthquake-induced geologic hazards such as liquefaction, slope instability, and turbidity flows. 44 refs.

Campbell, K.W.; Thenhaus, P.C.; Mullee, J.E.; Preston, R.

1996-12-31

375

2015 Oman Heart Association Guidelines for the Management of Hypertension : Practical recommendations from the Oman Heart Association (OHA).  

PubMed

Hypertension (HTN) is a major independent risk factor for the development of stroke, coronary artery disease (CAD), peripheral arterial disease (PAD), heart failure (HF) and chronic kidney disease (CKD). HTN is a growing public health problem in Oman, almost certainly the most prevalent modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). The risk of CVD in patients with HTN can be greatly reduced with lifestyle modifications and effective antihypertensive therapy. Randomized trials have shown that blood pressure (BP) lowering produces rapid reductions in CV risk. Several studies have shown that the majority of the hypertensive patients remain uncontrolled. It is well established that the observed poor control of the disease is not only related to poor adherence to medications, but also to limited awareness and adherence to evidence-based management of hypertension among physicians. Several guidelines for the management of patients with hypertension have been published. However, the aim of this document is to provide the busy physicians in Oman with more concise and direct approach towards implementing these guidelines into clinical practice. PMID:25404558

El-Deeb, Mohammed H; Sulaiman, Kadhim J; Al-Riyami, Abdullah A; Mohsin, Nabil; Al-Mukhaini, Mohamed; Al-Lamki, Mohamed; Al-Busaidi, Noor; Al-Salmi, Issa; Al-Lawati, Jawad; Al-Rawahi, Najib; Al-Riyami, Mohamed B; Abdul-Rahman, Said; Al-Hinai, Said; Jaffer, Batool; Al-Wahaebi, Ahmed; Al-Khalili, Hanan; Al-Zadjali, Matllooba

2014-11-18

376

The Gulf Cooperation Council: Policies, problems and prospects  

SciTech Connect

In May 1981, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, and Oman established the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) to facilitate cooperation, settle disputes, and strengthen security. This is the first English-language book to describe the GCC and assess its impact on the security and stability of the Gulf. It addresses four specific aspects of the GCC: a description of the basic charter and the United Economic Agreement; its structure and the policy of summitry; its achievements and the challenges before it; and the official, popular, and reformist views of its proper role.

Nakhleh, E.A.

1986-01-01

377

The unstable Gulf  

SciTech Connect

This book is an analysis of the international political environment for business in the Gulf region. To secure the flow of oil supplies to the West, the U.S. relies on stable relations with the key Gulf states: Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Oman, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, and Qatar. The region's dynamic balance of power, however, is inherently destabilizing, which threatens the investment climate and the billions of dollars of international commerce with the Gulf states expected in the next decade. Dr. Martin analyzes the effects of the religious, ethnic, and ideological differences in the Persian Gulf on superpower competition and U.S. energy policy.

Martin, L.G.

1986-01-01

378

History in the News: Middle East History, Society, and Culture Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Department of History, University at Albany, SUNY (last reviewed in the January 21, 2000 Scout Report) has put together a useful and straightforward metasite covering resources on the history and culture of the Middle East. History in the News focuses specifically on Bahrain, Cyprus, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkey, UAE, and Yemen. Resources are easily browseable by topic (History, Religion, Economics, Maps) or by country. This is a nice place to start one's reading on this newsworthy region of the world.

2001-01-01

379

Education in the Gulf Monarchies: Retrospect and Prospect  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For the last several decades there has been tremendous expansion in the educational facilities in all the six Gulf monarchies (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates). The quality of education, however, does not correspond to the needs of Gulf societies. This study examines three of the apparent deficiencies in the educational system in the region: the mismatch between traditional and modern learning, the imbalance between indigenous and expatriate labor forces, and the gap between men and women. The paper concludes that a fundamental change in the quality of education needs to be made in order to overcome these imbalances.

Bahgat, Gawdat

1999-03-01

380

Clinical Presentation, Management, and Outcome of Patients with Incidental Renal Angiomyolipoma in Qatar  

PubMed Central

Objectives Our study aimed to analyze the clinical presentation, management, and outcome of renal angiomyolipoma patients incidentally detected upon computed tomography (CT) examination. Methods Between 2004 and 2008, all patients who underwent abdominal CT examination for any reason at the radiology department at Hamad General Hospital, Qatar were retrospectively reviewed. The diagnosis of renal angiomyolipoma was based on abdominal CT evaluation. Angiomyolipoma patients were followed-up by CT evaluation as per standard care for three years to observe any change in size and outcome. Results A total of 13,115 patients were screened, of which 56 (40 females and 16 males) had renal angiomyolipoma. The mean age of patients was 52±13 years with 46% Qatar nationals. The majority (95%) of cases had unilateral tumors (52% right-sided and 43% left-sided). Twenty-six cases showed increase in tumor size and the median increase was 0.5cm (0.1–3.6). Surgical intervention was required in four (7%) cases with tumor size ?4cm. The overall mortality on follow-up was 7%. The cause of death included metastasis, renal failure, hepatic failure and mesenteric thromboembolism. Conclusion Renal angiomyolipoma is an uncommon benign tumor with an overall prevalence of 0.4% in Qatar. It has characteristic clinical features and its recognition is often challenging for proper clinical diagnosis and treatment in asymptomatic patients. Asymptomatic patients need regular radiological surveillance. In contrast, surgical interventions are mainly required in symptomatic patients with increased tumor size (?4cm). Timely diagnosis and treatment is necessary to avoid complications such retroperitoneal hemorrhage and renal impairment.

Al-Thani, Hassan; El-Menyar, Ayman; Al-Sulaiti, Maryam; El-Mabrok, Jamela; Hajaji, Khairi; Elgohary, Hesham; Al-Malki, Ahmed; Tabeb, Abdelhakem

2014-01-01

381

Prevalence of dental caries among 12–14 year old children in Qatar  

PubMed Central

Background To ensure the oral health of a population, clinicians must deliver appropriate dental services, and local communities need to have access to dental care facilities. However, establishment of this infrastructure must be based on reliable information regarding disease prevalence and severity in the target population. Objectives The aims of this study were to measure the incidence of dental caries in school children aged 12–14 throughout Qatar, including the influence of socio-demographic factors. Materials and methods A cross-sectional study was conducted in Qatar from October 2011 to March 2012. A total of 2113 children aged 12–14 were randomly selected from 16 schools located in different geographic areas. Three calibrated examiners using World Health Organization (WHO) criteria to diagnose dental caries performed the clinical examinations. Data analyses were subsequently conducted. Results The mean decayed, missing, and filled teeth index values were respectively 4.62 (±3.2), 4.79 (±3.5), and 5.5 (±3.7), for 12, 13, and 14 year-old subjects. Caries prevalence was 85%. The mandibular incisors and canines were least affected by dental caries, while maxillary and mandibular molars exhibited the highest incidence of dental caries. Dental caries were affected by socio-demographic factors; significant differences were detected between female and male children, where more female children showed dental caries than male children. In addition, children residing in semi-urban areas showed more dental caries than in urban areas. Conclusion Results indicated that dental caries prevalence among school children in Qatar has reached critical levels, and is influenced by socio-demographic factors. The mean decayed, missing, and filled teeth values obtained in this study were the second highest detected in the Eastern Mediterranean region. PMID:25057232

Al-Darwish, Mohammed; El Ansari, Walid; Bener, Abdulbari

2014-01-01

382

Twenty years of sedimentary change and diagenesis, Qatar Peninsula, Arabian Gulf  

SciTech Connect

Re-examination in February 1986 of areas studied by the author in 1966 and 1967 revealed rapid rates of sedimentation and diagenesis along the east coast of the Qatar Peninsula. At Ras UmSa on the northeast side of Qatar, a series of chenier-like beaches and curved spits is building southward under the influence of longshore currents. Beach and spit growth increasingly protects the shoreline and allows tidal flats to form in their lee. As these spits accrete, they become armored on their lagoonal side by beachrock formation. In the last 20 years a spit approximately 1/2 km long has grown, and beachrock has already armored its recurved lagoonal side. At Umm Said on the southeast side of Qatar, seawardly accreting barchan dunes composed of quartz sand have built a 40-km long, 10-km wide sabkha as thick as 30 m. Aerial and ground photographs show that certain dunes near the seaward edge of the sabkha have migrated into the sea and have contributed to shoreline accretion. The observed rate of dune migration suggests that within approximately 100 years the remaining quartz sands are depleted and blown into the sea because there is no replenishment of the dune field. Subsequently, the area reverts to one of carbonate deposition. Fine-grained dolomite is presently precipitating in interstitial brines in the landwardmost portions of this unusual sabkha. In the geologic record, such a deposit would be an anomalous, porous and permeable, cross-bedded, linear, 30-m thick, dolomite-cemented sandstones body encased in carbonate sediments. A modern model such as the one at Umm Said can provide useful clues for determining the origin of similar deposits in ancient rocks.

Shinn, E.A.

1988-01-01

383

Twenty years of sedimentary change and diagenesis, Qatar Peninsula, Arabian Gulf  

SciTech Connect

Re-examination in February 1986 of areas studied by the author in 1966 and 1967 revealed rapid rates of sedimentation and diagenesis along the east coast of the Qatar Peninsula. At Ras Um Sa on the north-east side of Qatar, a series of chenier-like beaches and curved spits is building southward under the influence of longshore currents. Beach and spit growth increasingly protects the shoreline and allows tidal flats to form in their lee. As these spits accrete, they become armored on their lagoonal side by beachrock formation. In the last 20 years a spit approximately 1/2 km long has grown, and beachrock has already armored its recurved lagoonal side. At Umm Said on the southeast side of Qatar, seawardly accreting barchan dunes composed of quartz sand have built a 40-km long, 10-km wide sabkha as thick as 30 m. Aerial and ground photographs show that certain dunes near the seaward edge of the sabkha have migrated into the sea and have contributed to shoreline accretion. The observed rate of dune migration suggests that within approximately 100 years the remaining quartz sands will be depleted and blown into the sea because there is no replenishment of the dune field. Subsequently, the area will revert to one of carbonate deposition. Fine-grained dolomite is presently precipitating in interstitial brines in the landwardmost portions of this unusual sabkha. In the geologic record, such a deposit would be an anomalous, porous and permeable, cross-bedded, linear, 30-m thick, dolomite-cemented sandstone body encased in carbonate sediments. A modern model such as the one at Umm Said can provide useful clues for determining the origin of similar deposits in ancient rocks.

Shinn, E.A.

1988-02-01

384

Epidemiology of bluetongue and related orbiviruses in the Sultanate of Oman.  

PubMed Central

Sentinel herds at 34 farms were used to study the epidemiology of bluetongue and related orbiviruses in Oman. The results indicate that bluetongue virus (BTV) is widespread and is enzootic in Northern Oman. At least three BTV serotypes (3, 4 and 22) were present at the time of the study. Antibodies to epizootic haemorrhagic disease of deer virus (EHDV) type 2 and EHDV-318 were also detected but were less prevalent. Entomological investigations identified the presence of 16 species of Culicoides. The peak seasonal incidence of the BTV vector C. imicola and the EHDV vectors C. schultzei (group) midges at Rumais in Northern Oman correlated closely with the spring rains in that area. However, both species of midge were also present in lower numbers throughout the year. four species of Oman midge, C. arabiensis, C. ibriensis, C. neoschultzei and C. buettikeri are new to science. PMID:1847102

al-Busaidy, S. M.; Mellor, P. S.

1991-01-01

385

Medication use review in Qatar: Are community pharmacists prepared for the extended professional role?  

PubMed

Background The incidence of chronic illnesses is increasing globally. Non-adherence to medications and other medication-related problems are common among patients receiving long-term medications. Medication use review (MUR) is a service provision with an accredited pharmacist undertaking structured, adherence-centered reviews with patients receiving multiple medications. MUR services are not yet available in community pharmacies in Qatar. Objective The current study aims to evaluate community pharmacists' knowledge, attitudes, and perception towards establishing MUR as an extended role in patient care. Setting Private community pharmacies in Qatar including chains and independent pharmacies. Methodology A cross-sectional survey using a self-administered questionnaire was conducted among licensed community pharmacists from December 2012 to January 2013. Data analysis was conducted using descriptive and inferential statistics. Main outcome measures Knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to MUR concept and services. Results A total of 123 participants responded to the survey (response rate 56 %). The mean total knowledge score was 71.4 ± 14.7 %. An overwhelming proportion of the participants (97 %) were able to identify the scope of MUR in relation to chronic illnesses and at enhancing the quality of pharmaceutical care. Furthermore, 80 % of the respondents were able to identify patients of priority for inclusion in an MUR program. However, only 43 % of the participants knew that acute medical conditions were not the principal focus of an MUR service, while at least 97 % acknowledged that the provision of MUR services is a great opportunity for an extended role of community pharmacists and that MUR makes excellent use of the pharmacist's professional skills in the community. The participants generally reported concerns about time, dedicated consultation area, and support staff as significant barriers towards MUR implementation. Conclusion This study suggests that community pharmacists in Qatar had sufficient knowledge about the concept of MUR and its scope, but there were still important deficiencies that warrant further education. The findings have important implications on policy and practice pertaining to the implementation of MUR as an extended role of pharmacists and as part of Qatar's National Health Strategy to move primary health care forward. PMID:25293711

Babiker, Ahmed Hussein; Carson, Louise; Awaisu, Ahmed

2014-12-01

386

Advection of upwelled waters in the form of plumes off Oman during the Southwest Monsoon  

Microsoft Academic Search

Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) imagery of sea-surface-temperature, TOPEX\\/POSEIDON measurements of sea-level-anomaly (SLA), and modeled surface winds and wind-stress fields are used in concert with other ancillary data to describe the influence of the 1995 Southwest Monsoon on the distribution of upwelled waters off the coast of Oman. The Oman upwelling zone is characterized by the entrainment of cold

Vijayakumar Manghnani; John M. Morrison; Thomas S. Hopkins; Emanuele Böhm

1998-01-01

387

Wind turbine as an energy fuel saver - A case study for remote area in Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

A number of years worth of data concerning the wind speed in Oman have been presented in this article. The data are obtained from a remote agricultural research station in Oman. The annual mean wind speed is 5.7 m\\/s. In this station, electricity supply is provided with diesel-engine generating units. The annual peak load and minimum load recorded at the

Arif Malik; Abdullah H. Al-Badi

2009-01-01

388

The response of tropical tropospheric ozone to ENSO L. D. Oman,1  

E-print Network

: Oman, L. D., J. R. Ziemke, A. R. Douglass, D. W. Waugh, C. Lang, J. M. Rodriguez, and J. E. NielsenThe response of tropical tropospheric ozone to ENSO L. D. Oman,1 J. R. Ziemke,1,2 A. R. Douglass,1 D. W. Waugh,3 C. Lang,3 J. M. Rodriguez,1 and J. E. Nielsen1,4 Received 19 April 2011; revised 2

Waugh, Darryn W.

389

Learning Style Preferences of Preclinical Medical Students in Oman  

PubMed Central

Objective: Our study sought to assess the learning preferences of students studying in the preclinical years of the medical degree program at Oman Medical College, Sohar.?Methods: In this descriptive, cross-sectional study, we administered a learning style questionnaire (VARK model) to 140 students to assess their preferred mode of learning, specifically the sensory modality by which they prefer to take in information.?Results: Over one third (35%) of the respondents expressed their preference for a single mode of learning, either visual (8%), auditory (9%), read/write (9%), or kinesthetic (9%). The remaining students preferred learning using a combination of either two (14%), three (19%), or four (32%) sensory modalities.?Conclusion: The results of our study provide us with useful information to develop appropriate learning approaches to reach all types of learners at the college.

Panambur, Sabitha; Nambiar, Vinod; Heming, Thomas

2014-01-01

390

Computer assisted operations in Petroleum Development Oman (PDO)  

SciTech Connect

Petroleum Development Oman (PDO) currently produces some 750,000 bopd and 900,000 bwpd from some 74 fields in a large geographical area and diverse operating conditions. A key corporate objective is to reduce operating costs by exploiting productivity gains from proven technology. Automation is seen as a means of managing the rapid growth of well population and production facilities. the overall objective is to improve field management through continuous monitoring of wells and facilities and dissemination of data throughout the whole organization. A major upgrade of PDO`s field Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) system is complete providing a platform to exploit new initiatives particularly for production optimization of artificial lift systems and automatic well testing using multi selector valves, coriolis flow meter measurements and multi component (oil, gas, water) flowmeter. The paper describes PDO`s experience including benefits and challenges which have to be managed when developing Computer Assisted Operations (CAO).

Al-Hinai, S.H.; Mutimer, K.

1995-10-01

391

Fully carbonated peridotite (listvenite) from the Samail ophiolite, Oman  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Extensive outcrops of listvenite--fully carbonated peridotite, with all Mg in carbonate minerals and all Si in quartz--occur along the basal thrust of the Samail Ophiolite in Oman. The presence of these listvenites demonstrates that peridotite carbonation reactions can proceed to completion on a large scale under natural conditions. Thus, understanding the conditions of listvenite formation can provide insights into the feasibility of achieving complete carbonation of peridotite through engineered approaches for carbon capture and storage. The Oman listvenites likely formed during emplacement of the ophiolite, as CO2-bearing fluids derived from underlying metasediments reacted with peridotite in the hanging wall. Listvenite outcrops occur within 500 meters of the basal thrust, where peridotite overlies carbonate-bearing metasediments. 87Sr/86Sr values in listvenite are higher than seawater values and consistent with values in these underlying metasediments. Carbon and oxygen stable isotope data are also consistent with values in some of the metasediments. An internal Rb-Sr isochron from one listvenite sample yields an age of 97 × 29 Ma, consistent with the timing of emplacement of the ophiolite. Carbonate clumped isotope thermometry in listvenites yields temperatures around 100°C, and thermodynamically stable coexistence of antigorite, talc, and quartz in serpentinite along the margins of the listvenite would require reaction temperatures around 80°C, as calculated in THERMOCALC. While constraints on the pressure of listvenite formation are lacking, these moderate temperatures suggest that listvenites probably formed at relatively shallow depths, making release of carbonate-saturated pore-water due to compaction of subducted sediment or low-pressure phase transitions of hydrous minerals more probable sources of the CO2-bearing fluid than deeper metamorphic reactions without significant transport of fluids along the slab interface. Through EQ3/6 geochemical reaction path models of these processes over a range of pressures, temperatures, and water-rock ratios we explore the conditions under which listvenite could have formed.

Falk, E. S.; Kelemen, P. B.

2013-12-01

392

Traditional Medicine in Oman: Its Role in Ophthalmology  

PubMed Central

Aim: To present three patients with ocular disease who developed a range of complications following use of traditional medications. Settings and Design: Case series Methods: Three patients who were examined in the Ophthalmic department of a tertiary care teaching hospital in the Sultanate of Oman between 2003 and 2004, seeking care following use of traditional medicines and or healing practices for various ophthalmic problems described below. Results: The first patient was a computer professional with a chalazion; the patient used a plant extract from ‘Calotropis procera’ as a part of the treatment. He developed corneal edema with decrease in vision in his left eye following application of the plant extract. Treatment with topical steroids and antibiotics resulted in a complete clinical and visual recovery. The second patient developed a fungal corneal ulcer (dermatophyte - Trichophyton mentagrophyte) after sustaining injury with an animal tail to the right eye and used honey for pain relief prior to presentation. She responded poorly to anti-fungal treatment, underwent a penetrating keratoplasty with recurrence of infection in the graft that resulted in a vascularized corneal scar. The third patient was a five-year-old child who was treated with ‘wasam’ on the occiput for intraocular inflammation following bilateral uncomplicated cataract extraction. Following this treatment the topical steroid was discontinued. The ‘Wasam’ treatment indirectly resulted in exacerbation of the intraocular inflammation and secondary glaucoma and poor vision as well as ‘Wasam ulcers’ on the occiput. Despite treatment of the intraocular inflammation, the visual outcome was poor. Conclusion: Traditional medicine in Oman is sought by many for variable reasons. Lack of evidence-based scientific data on its safety or efficacy does not deter the Omanis from flocking the traditional healers. However, when applied in the treatment of ocular diseases, traditional medicine and healing practices seem to cause more harm than benefit for the patient. PMID:20142969

Shenoy, Radha; Bialasiewicz, Alexander; Khandekar, Rajiv; Al Barwani, Badar; Al Belushi, Habiba

2009-01-01

393

On the source of the 24 September 2013 tsunami in Oman Sea  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Tsunami hazard along the coast of Makran and Oman is mainly due to the seismic activity at the Makran subduction zone. Large earthquakes along the Makran subduction zone are infrequent but they have the potential to generate destructive tsunamis along the coasts of Pakistan, Iran and Oman, all bordering the Oman Sea. The most recent tsunami occurred on November 1945 following an earthquake of magnitude 8.1, causing extensive damage along the Makran coast in Pakistan. On September 24, 2013 an earthquake of magnitude 7.7 occurred in south Pakistan, 64 km onshore north of Awaran. The location is consistent with rupture within the Eurasian plate above the Makran subduction zone. The tide stations in the Oman sea recorded a tsunami less than one hour after the earthquake. The first wave reached Ormara in Pakistan with an amplitude of 15 cm. The highest amplitudes were observed along the coast of Oman between Muscat and Sur with a maximum of 40 cm in Qurayat. In this study, we collected tsunami data recorded in the Oman sea. All records were filtered in order to isolate the tsunami signal and analyzed the in terms of travel times and amplitudes. The use of inversion techniques points to a submarine source located south of Ormara in the Murray ridge. Finally, we discuss the possible of tsunami induced landslide as a secondary effect of earthquake.

Baptista, Maria Ana; Omira, Rachid; Miranda, Jorge Miguel; El Hussain, Issa; Deif, Ahmed; Habsi, Zaid Al

2014-05-01

394

Vitamin-D-deficiency rickets in Kuwait: the prevalence of a preventable disease.  

PubMed

Two hundred and fifty children with clinical, biochemical and radiological evidence of vitamin-D-deficiency rickets were studied over a period of 5 years. Their ages ranged from 1 month to 2 years. Breastfed infants formed 63% of total cases. Intramuscular therapy with vitamin D in a dose of 600,000 IU, deep intramuscular, proved to be safe and effective. In contrast, oral vitamin D did not provide such satisfactory results, presumably owing to poor patient/parental compliance. This report reveals that vitamin-D-deficieny rickets is common in Kuwait in spite of abundant sunlight all through the year because children are wrapped up and kept indoors. Insufficient intake of vitamin D is another important factor in the pathogenesis of vitamin-D-deficiency rickets in Kuwait. PMID:2475056

Lubani, M M; al-Shab, T S; al-Saleh, Q A; Sharda, D C; Quattawi, S A; Ahmed, S A; Moussa, M A; Reavey, P C

1989-09-01

395

Factor substitution, and economies of scale and utilisation in Kuwait's crude oil industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The cost structure of the crude oil industry in Kuwait has been examined, with specific focus on factor substitution, and economies of scale and utilisation. This has been done by estimating translog cost functions, both long-run and short-run, using time-series data covering the period from 1976 to 1996. The results indicate that the implied production structure is non-homothetic, and the

Naief Al-Mutairi; Nadeem A. Burney

2002-01-01

396

Flexural strength characteristics of non-load bearing masonry walls in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

The controlling factor in designing non-load bearing masonry walls, such as those used in Kuwait, is the lateral resistance\\u000a to wind loads. To ensure safety of the walls, data is needed on the flexural strength characteristics of walls constructed\\u000a with locally-available materials. The flexural strength of masonry walls constructed with autoclaved aerated-concrete blocks,\\u000a sand-cement concrete blocks or calcium silicate bricks

Moneera Al-Shaleh; Emmanuel K. Attiogbe

1997-01-01

397

Age at menarche and its relationship to body mass index among adolescent girls in Kuwait  

PubMed Central

Background Despite the increasing rates of childhood obesity and rapid change in socio-economic status, the mean age at menarche remains mostly unknown among contemporary girls in Kuwait and other countries in the Gulf region. This study aimed to estimate the mean age at menarche among schoolgirls in Kuwait and investigate the association between age at menarche and obesity. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted on 1,273 randomly selected female high school students from all governorates in Kuwait. Overweight was defined as higher than or equal to the 85th percentile and obesity as higher than or equal to the 95th percentile using growth charts provided by the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC, 2000). Data on menarche, socio-demographic status, physical activity and diet were collected using confidential self-administered questionnaire. Results Out of 1,273 students, 23 (1.8%) were absent or refused to participate. The mean age at menarche was 12.41 years (95% CI: 12.35-12.48). The prevalence of early menarche, defined as less than 11 years of age, was 8.5% (95% CI: 7.0-10.2%). The prevalence of obesity and overweight was 18.3% (95% CI: 16.2-20.6%) and 25.8% (95% CI: 23.42-28.30%), respectively. Age at menarche was inversely and significantly associated with odds of overweight and obesity after adjusting for potential confounders, odds ratio 0.84 (0.77-0.93); (p?=?0.001). Conclusion Age at menarche among contemporary girls in Kuwait is similar to that in industrialized countries. There is an inverse association between age at menarche and obesity or overweight. Trends in menarcheal age should be monitored and time of sexual maturation and its related factors should be taken into account in strategies that aim to combat obesity. PMID:23311596

2013-01-01

398

Incidence and trend of road traffic injuries and related deaths in Kuwait: 2000–2009  

Microsoft Academic Search

Road traffic injuries (RTIs), disabilities and deaths are recognised as a major public health problem worldwide. This study aimed to quantify the magnitude and the trends of RTI-related fatal and non-fatal injuries in Kuwait for the period 2000–2009. Data on road traffic crashes and related events (i.e., fatal and non-fatal minor and severe injuries) were obtained from police records, and

Ali H. Ziyab; Saeed Akhtar

399

Oil, Coalitions, and Regime Durability: the Origins and Persistence of Popular Rentierism in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

While the canonical literature on oil wealth suggests that hydrocarbon windfalls encourage repressive despotism, Kuwait provides\\u000a a case of an oil-rich autocracy governing instead through popular rentierism—that is, through a broad coalition of social\\u000a forces, one that furnishes enduring loyalty from below while constraining abuses of state power from above. This paper provides\\u000a a theoretically guided explanation for this exceptional

Sean L. Yom

2011-01-01

400

Kuwait National Programme for Healthy Living: first 5-year plan (2013-2017).  

PubMed

The Kuwait National Programme for Healthy Living is an initiative to promote the health and well-being for individuals residing in the country. The plan has been created based on current data and available information pertaining to the various lifestyles of the populations living in Kuwait and their impact on health in general and chronic diseases in particular. Leading a healthy lifestyle is important because it means living in an environment, such as the Kuwaiti society, where chronic conditions such as obesity, diabetes, hypertension and coronary heart diseases are significantly reduced. Several factors regarding lifestyles among the various ethnic groups residing in Kuwait have been identified, including inactivity resulting from the lack of need for physical exertion in daily-life activities and social rituals involving the serving of food amongst the various ethnic groups residing in Kuwait. For Kuwaitis and other ethnicities as well, traditional social gatherings include serving food as an integral element of the social ritual. The environments of school and work also contribute to an individual's lifestyle. The goal of the programme is to address the contribution of lifestyle choices and the social environment to health with the goal of creating a healthy environment that will sustain good health and social well-being. This can be accomplished by involving the various stakeholders in promoting the aim of the programme. Finally, addressing the research needs for healthy lifestyle issues can have a huge impact on the outcome of the programmes designed and would aid in creating a healthy living environment. PMID:24662472

Behbehani, Kazem

2014-01-01

401

A reconnaissance study of a clastic coastal sabkha in Northern Kuwait, Arabian Gulf  

Microsoft Academic Search

A clastic, tidal flat-sabkha complex characterizes the mesotidal coastline of Northern Kuwait. The Holocene tidal sediments of this area represent the western-most limit of the Shatt Al-Arab delta sediments. The area under study in Bahrah is subdivided according to its geomorphological features and depositional setting into eight sub-environments. The sediments are characterized by two distinct size populations; a coarse fraction

A. Saleh; F. Al-Ruwaih; A. Al-Reda; A. Gunatilaka

1999-01-01

402

The cultural life script of Qatar and across cultures: effects of gender and religion.  

PubMed

Cultural life scripts (CLS) are culturally shared cognitive representations of the expected order and timing of important life events in a prototypical life. Through three studies data from Qatar were analysed and compared to previously collected data from Denmark, Turkey, and the US. In Study 1 we examined the CLS of Qatar in order to determine whether the clear segregation of men and women as well as the centrality of religion in this society would influence the CLS. A total of 55 Qatari undergraduates completed the standard CLS task, imaging a Qatari infant of their own as well as the opposite gender. In Study 2 important personal life story events were collected from 83 Qatari undergraduates in order to explore the overlap between remembered life events and CLS events. Study 3 was a reanalysis of CLS data from Denmark, Turkey, and the US. There was a considerable overlap of events across cultures, but we also found that the Qatari CLS showed more gender differences and contained more religious and positive events compared to the other three countries. PMID:23663084

Ottsen, Christina Lundsgaard; Berntsen, Dorthe

2014-01-01

403

Prehospital versus Emergency Room Intubation of Trauma Patients in Qatar: A-2-year Observational Study  

PubMed Central

Background: The impact of prehospital intubation (PHI) in improving outcome of trauma patients has not been adequately evaluated in the developing countries. Aims: The present study analyzed the outcome of PHI versus emergency room intubation (ERI) among trauma patients in Qatar. Materials and Methods: Data were retrospectively reviewed for all intubated trauma patients between 2010 and 2011. Patients were classified according to location of intubation (PHI: Group-1 versus ERI: Group-2). Data were analyzed and compared. Results: Out of 570 intubated patients; 482 patients (239 in group-1 and 243 in group-2) met the inclusion criteria with a mean age of 32 ? 14.6 years Head injury (P = 0.003) and multiple trauma (P = 0.004) were more prevalent in group-1, whereas solid organ injury predominated in group-2 (P = 0.02). Group-1 had significantly higher mean injury severity scoring (ISS), lower Glasgow coma scale (GCS), greater head abbreviated injury score and longer activation, response, scene and total emergency medical services times. The mortality was higher in group-1 (53% vs. 18.5%; P = 0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that GCS [odds ratio (OR) 0.78, P = 0.005) and ISS (OR 1.12, P = 0.001) were independent predictors of mortality. Conclusions: PHI is associated with high mortality when compared with ERI. However, selection bias cannot be ruled out and therefore, PHI needs further critical assessment in Qatar. PMID:24678471

Al-Thani, Hassan; El-Menyar, Ayman; Latifi, Rifat

2014-01-01

404

Lessons from the Field: Developing and Implementing the Qatar Student Assessment System, 2002-2006. Technical Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Qatar has recently positioned itself to be a leader in education. Central to the country's efforts is the implementation of reforms to its K-12 education system. Central to the reform initiatives was the development of internationally benchmarked curriculum standards in four subjects: Arabic, English as a foreign language, mathematics, and…

Gonzalez, Gabriella; Le, Vi-Nhuan; Broer, Markus; Mariano, Louis T.; Froemel, J. Enrique; Goldman, Charles A.; DaVanzo, Julie

2009-01-01

405

QATAR-2: A K DWARF ORBITED BY A TRANSITING HOT JUPITER AND A MORE MASSIVE COMPANION IN AN OUTER ORBIT  

SciTech Connect

We report the discovery and initial characterization of Qatar-2b, a hot Jupiter transiting a V = 13.3 mag K dwarf in a circular orbit with a short period, P{sub b} = 1.34 days. The mass and radius of Qatar-2b are M{sub P} = 2.49 M{sub J} and R{sub P} = 1.14 R{sub J}, respectively. Radial-velocity monitoring of Qatar-2 over a span of 153 days revealed the presence of a second companion in an outer orbit. The Systemic Console yielded plausible orbits for the outer companion, with periods on the order of a year and a companion mass of at least several M{sub J}. Thus, Qatar-2 joins the short but growing list of systems with a transiting hot Jupiter and an outer companion with a much longer period. This system architecture is in sharp contrast to that found by Kepler for multi-transiting systems, which are dominated by objects smaller than Neptune, usually with tightly spaced orbits that must be nearly coplanar.

Bryan, Marta L. [Department of Astronomy, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Alsubai, Khalid A. [Qatar Foundation, P.O. Box 5825, Doha (Qatar); Latham, David W.; Quinn, Samuel N.; Carter, Joshua A.; Berlind, Perry; Brown, Warren R.; Calkins, Michael L.; Esquerdo, Gilbert A.; Furesz, Gabor; Stefanik, Robert P.; Torres, Guillermo [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Parley, Neil R.; Collier Cameron, Andrew; Horne, Keith D. [SUPA, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of St Andrews, North Haugh, St Andrews, Fife KY16 9SS (United Kingdom); Fulton, Benjamin J.; Street, Rachel A. [Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network, 6740 Cortona Drive, Suite 102, Goleta, CA 93117 (United States); Buchhave, Lars A.; Jorgensen, Uffe Grae [Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Juliane Maries vej 30, 2100 Copenhagen (Denmark); West, Richard G. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 7RH (United Kingdom); and others

2012-05-01

406

Developing Intercultural Competence in Future Student Affairs Professionals through a Graduate Student Global Study Course to Doha, Qatar  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a 2-week global study course to Doha, Qatar for graduate students in the higher education leadership and student affairs program at the University of San Diego. The course sought to develop intercultural competence with a specific focus on understanding Qatari and Middle Eastern perspectives and culture, understanding the…

Haber, Paige; Getz, Cheryl

2011-01-01

407

Measurement of polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon concentrations in the plume of Kuwait oil well fires  

SciTech Connect

Following their retreat from Kuwait during February and March of 1991, the Iraqi Army set fire to over 500 oil wells dispersed throughout the Kuwait oil fields. During the period of sampling from July to August 1991, it was estimated that between 3.29 {times} 10{sup 6} barrels per day of crude oil were combusted. The resulting fires produced several plumes of black and white smoke that coalesced to form a composite ``super`` plume. Because these fires were uncontrolled, significant quantities of organic materials were dispersed into the atmosphere and drifted throughout the Middle East. The organic particulants associated with the plume of the oil well fires had a potential to be rich in polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) compounds. Based on the extreme mutagenic and carcinogenic activities of PAHs found in laboratory testing, a serious health threat to the population of that region potentially existed. Furthermore, the Kuwait oil fire plumes represented a unique opportunity to study the atmospheric chemistry associated with PAHs in the plume. If samples were collected near the plume source and from the plume many kilometers downwind from the source, comparisons could be made to better understand atmospheric reactions associated with particle-bound and gas-phase PAHs. To help answer health-related concerns and to better understand the fate and transport of PAHs in an atmospheric environment, a sampling and analysis program was developed.

Olsen, K.B.; Wright, C.W.; Veverka, C. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Ball, J.C. [Ford Motor Co., Dearborn, MI (United States). Scientific Research Lab.; Stevens, R. [US Environmental Protection Agency (United States). Atmospheric Research and Exposure Assessment Lab.

1995-03-01

408

Radioactivity concentrations in sediments and their correlation to the coastal structure in Kuwait.  

PubMed

Gamma-ray spectrometric measurements were performed on sediment samples from the coast of Kuwait to study the concentration of natural as well as man-made radioactive sources. The coast of Kuwait, which extends for some 170 km is mainly soft sedimentary colitic limestones or sandstones, overlaid in many areas with beach or wind-blown sand. In the north, suspended material from the Shatt Al-Arab delta has settled to form extensive soft areas of intertidal mud within Kuwait Bay. Forty samples were taken at different points along the coast in undisturbed areas at intervals of about 5 km. Collection was carried out during low-tide, where it was possible to collect sediments from the wet region that was covered by seawater during the high tide. At each of the sample sites, a sampling area of about 1 m2 was considered. Samples collected from the north were of a muddy nature, whereas the southern samples were sandy. All samples were left to dry in open air before drying in the oven at 105 degrees C for 2-3 days to remove all water content. The radioactivity in southern areas reaches about one half of the values commonly assigned as the world average. In the northern areas, higher radioactivity concentrations are found but are still below the international levels. PMID:12102362

Saad, H R; Al-Azmi, D

2002-06-01

409

Detection of bacterial endotoxin in drinking tap and bottled water in Kuwait.  

PubMed

This study was carried out to measure and compare the concentration of bacterial endotoxin in a variety of samples from drinking tap and bottled water available in Kuwait by using the Limulus Amoebocyte lysate test. A total of 29 samples were tested. Samples were collected from a variety of locations throughout the six governorates of Kuwait and 23 brands of local and imported bottled water samples were collected from the local market. The concentration of bacterial endotoxin was measured by using the standard Limulus Amoebocyte lysate test, gel clot method. This study showed that measured endotoxin concentrations in tap drinking water varied from 2.4 to 33.8 EU/ml with the average endotoxin concentration of 14.2 EU/ml. While the results of endotoxin concentrations in the bottled water were <0.03 to 20.1 EU/ml with an average of 1.96 EU/ml. The average concentration of endotoxin in bottled water is 13.5 % of the average concentration of endotoxin in tap drinking water. This experimental investigation has proved that drinking bottled water has less endotoxin as compared to tap water in Kuwait. It is also demonstrated that the endotoxin concentration did not exceed the acceptable level in drinking tap water. PMID:22270589

Abdulraheem, Abdulkareem; Mustafa, Seham; Al-Saffar, Nabeel; Shahjahan, Muhammed

2012-12-01

410

Brief communication: Effect of nomadic subsistence practices on lactase persistence associated genetic variation in Kuwait.  

PubMed

Lactase persistence (LP)-the ability to digest lactose in adulthood-is paradigmatic of Holocenic dietary change affecting the evolutionary trajectory of specific populations. Kuwait represents one location of high LP where the variation in associated genomic regions has not been examined. Here, we present new sequence data from a 427 bp amplicon 14 kb upstream of the LCT (lactase) gene for two Bedouin tribal populations, the Ajman and Mutran. We estimate the frequency of known LP associated alleles and discuss the impact of nomadic-pastoralism on the associated genetic variation. We observe high frequency (56% on average) of the -13,915*G allele in both tribes, which is consistent with the high prevalence of LP in Kuwait. Whilst LP associated alleles occur in Kuwait at a similar frequency to other regional populations, we suggest that the -13,915*G allele frequency among the Kuwaiti Bedouin may be higher than among non-Bedouin Kuwaitis, possibly due to greater historical reliance on milk consumption or genetic drift. PMID:23913618

Hill, Sarah Catherine; Mohammad, Talal Ramadan; Kivisild, Toomas

2013-09-01

411

Molecular epidemiology and genotype distribution of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) among Arab women in the state of Qatar.  

PubMed

BackgroundHuman Papilloma Virus (HPV) infection is the major cause of cervical cancer worldwide. With limited data available on HPV prevalence in the Arab countries, this study aimed to identify the prevalence and genotypic distribution of HPV in the State of Qatar.Methods3008 cervical samples, exclusively of women with Arabic origin residing in Qatar were collected from the Womenżs Hospital and Primary Health Care Corporation in Doha, State of Qatar. HPV DNA detection was done using GP5+/6+ primers based real time-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay followed by the usage of HPV type specific primers based RT- PCR reactions and Sanger sequencing for genotype identification.ResultsSimilar prevalence rates of HPV infection was identified in both Qatari and non-Qatari women at 6.2% and 5.9% respectively. HPV prevalence rate of 5.8% and 18.4% was identified in women with normal cytology and in women with abnormal cytology respectively. HPV 81, 11 and 16, in decreasing order were the most commonly identified genotypes. HPV 81 was the most frequent low-risk genotype among women with both normal (74.0%) and abnormal (33.3%) cytology. HPV 16 (4.6%) was identified as the predominant high-risk HPV genotype among women with normal cytology and HPV 16, HPV 18, and HPV 56 (22.2% each) were the most common identified high-risk genotypes in women with abnormal cytology.ConclusionsThe overall HPV prevalence in Arab women in Qatar was identified as 6.1% with an increased HPV prevalence seen in women with abnormal cytology results and no significant trends seen with age. In contrast to Western countries, we report a varied genotypic profile of HPV with a high prevalence of low-risk HPV genotype 81 among the Arab women residing in Qatar. PMID:25424736

Bansal, Devendra; Elmi, Asha A; Skariah, Sini; Haddad, Pascale; Abu-Raddad, Laith J; Al Hamadi, Aysha H; Mohamed-Nady, Nady; Affifi, Nahla M; Ghedira, Randa; Hassen, Elham; Al-Thani, Asma; Al-Ansari, Afaf; Sultan, Ali A

2014-11-26

412

Continental break-up history of a deep magma-poor margin based on seismic reflection data (north-eastern Gulf of Aden margin, offshore Oman)  

E-print Network

-eastern Gulf of Aden margin, offshore Oman) Julia Autin1 , Sylvie Leroy1, 2 , Marie-Odile Beslier3 , Elia d, France 6 Sultan Qaboos University, Earthquake Monitoring centre, Al Khod PC 123, Sultanate of Oman Date

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

413

3-D seismology in the Arabian Gulf  

SciTech Connect

Since 1977 when Aramco and GSI (Geophysical Services International) pioneered the first 3-D seismic survey in the Arabian Gulf, under the guidance of Aramco`s Chief Geophysicist John Hoke, 3-D seismology has been effectively used to map many complex subsurface geological phenomena. By the mid-1990s extensive 3-D surveys were acquired in Abu Dhabi, Oman, Qatar and Saudi Arabia. Also in the mid-1990`s Bahrain, Kuwait and Dubai were preparing to record surveys over their fields. On the structural side 3-D has refined seismic maps, focused faults and fractures systems, as well as outlined the distribution of facies, porosity and fluid saturation. In field development, 3D has not only reduced drilling costs significantly, but has also improved the understanding of fluid behavior in the reservoir. In Oman, Petroleum Development Oman (PDO) has now acquired the first Gulf 4-D seismic survey (time-lapse 3D survey) over the Yibal Field. The 4-D survey will allow PDO to directly monitor water encroachment in the highly-faulted Cretaceous Shu`aiba reservoir. In exploration, 3-D seismology has resolved complex prospects with structural and stratigraphic complications and reduced the risk in the selection of drilling locations. The many case studies from Saudi Arabia, Oman, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates, which are reviewed in this paper, attest to the effectiveness of 3D seismology in exploration and producing, in clastics and carbonates reservoirs, and in the Mesozoic and Paleozoic.

Al-Husseini, M. [Gulf PetroLink, Manama (Bahrain); Chimblo, R. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

1995-08-01

414

Trends in extreme temperature and precipitation in Muscat, Oman  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Changes in frequency and intensity of weather events often result in more frequent and intensive disasters such as flash floods and persistent droughts. In Oman, changes in precipitation and temperature have already been detected, although a comprehensive analysis to determine long-term trends is yet to be conducted. We analysed daily precipitation and temperature records in Muscat, the capital city of Oman, mainly focusing on extremes. A set of climate indices, defined in the RClimDex software package, were derived from the longest available daily series (precipitation over the period 1977-2011 and temperature over the period 1986-2011). Results showed significant changes in temperature extremes associated with cooling. Annual maximum value of daily maximum temperature (TX), on average, decreased by 1°C (0.42°C/10 year). Similarly, the annual minimum value of daily minimum temperature (TN) decreased by 1.5°C (0.61°C/10 year), which, on average, cooled at a faster rate than the maximum temperature. Consequently, the annual count of days when TX > 45°C (98th percentile) decreased from 8 to 3, by 5 days. Similarly, the annual count of days when TN < 15°C (2nd percentile) increased from 5 to 15, by 10 days. Annual total precipitation averaged over the period 1977-2011 is 81 mm, which shows a tendency toward wetter conditions with a 6 mm/10 year rate. There is also a significant tendency for stronger precipitation extremes according to many indices. The contribution from very wet days to the annual precipitation totals steadily increases with significance at 75% level. When The General Extreme Value (GEV) probability distribution is fitted to annual maximum 1-day precipitation, the return level of a 10-year return period in 1995-2011 was estimated to be 95 mm. This return level in the recent decade is about 70% higher than the return level for the period of 1977-1994. These results indicate that the long-term wetting signal apparent in total precipitation can be attributed largely to the increases in extreme precipitation in recent decades.

Gunawardhana, L. N.; Al-Rawas, G. A.

2014-09-01

415

Ghaba salt basin province and Fahud salt basin province, Oman; geological overview and total petroleum systems  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Three Total Petroleum Systems each consisting of one assessment unit have been identified in the Ghaba and Fahud Salt Basin Provinces of north-central Oman. One Total Petroleum System and corresponding assessment unit, the North Oman Huqf/?Q??Haushi(!) Total Petroleum System (201401) and Ghaba- Makarem Combined Structural Assessment Unit (20140101), were identified for the Ghaba Salt Basin Province (2014). In the Fahud Salt Basin Province, however, two overlapping Total Petroleum Systems (TPS) were recognized: (1) the North Oman Huqf?Shu?aiba(!) TPS (201601); Fahud-Huqf Combined Structural Assessment Unit (20160101), and (2) the middle Cretaceous Natih(!) TPS (201602); Natih-Fiqa Structural/Stratigraphic Assessment Unit (20160201). The boundary for each Total Petroleum System also defines the boundary of the corresponding assessment unit and includes all trap styles and hydrocarbon-producing reservoirs within the petroleum system. In both the Ghaba and Fahud Salt Basin Provinces, hydrocarbons were generated from several deeply buried source rocks within the Infracambrian Huqf Supergroup. One general ?North Oman Huqf? type oil is dominant in the Fahud Salt Basin. Oils in the Ghaba Salt Basin are linked to at least two distinct Huqf source-rock units based on oil geochemistry: a general North Oman Huqf-type oil source and a more dominant ?questionable unidentified source? or ?Q?-type Huqf oil source. These two Huqf-sourced oils are commonly found as admixtures in reservoirs throughout northcentral Oman. Hydrocarbons generated from Huqf sources are produced from a variety of reservoir types and ages ranging from Precambrian to Cretaceous in both the Ghaba and Fahud Salt Basin Provinces. Clastic reservoirs of the Gharif and Al Khlata Formations, Haushi Group (middle Carboniferous to Lower Permian), dominate oil production in the Ghaba Salt Basin Province and form the basis for the Huqf/?Q??Haushi(!) TPS. In contrast, the Lower Cretaceous Shu?aiba and middle Cretaceous Natih limestones account for most of the production in the Fahud Salt Basin with about 50 percent of the basin?s production from porous, fractured Shu?aiba limestones in Yibal field, thus the name North Oman Huqf? Shu?aiba(!) TPS. Deep gas is produced mainly from Middle Cambrian to Lower Ordovician clastic reservoirs of the Haima Supergroup. Traps in nearly all hydrocarbon accumulations of these petroleum systems are mainly structural and were formed by one or more 3 mechanisms. These trap-forming mechanisms were mainly periodic halokinesis of the thick Cambrian Ara Salt and consequent folding and faulting from basin loading, rifting, or other major tectonic events, particularly those events forming the Oman Mountains and associated foreland-basin system during the Late Cretaceous and late Tertiary. Many of the future new-field targets will likely be low-relief, subtle structures, as many of the large structures have been drilled. Oman?s recent interest and commitments to liquid natural gas export make deep gas a primary objective in the two North Oman Huqf petroleum systems. New-field exploration of deep gas and exploring deeper targets for gas in existing fields will likely identify a significant gas resource in the next 30 years. Moreover, salt-diapir flank traps in these two North Oman Huqf petroleum systems and salt basin provinces have gone essentially untested and will likely be targeted in the near future. The middle Cretaceous Natih(!) TPS is a small efficient system of the Fahud Salt Basin. Natih source rocks are only mature in the Late Cretaceous/Tertiary foredeep and production is primarily from Natih reservoirs; minor production from the Shu?aiba limestone is documented along fault-dip structures. Most traps are structural and are related to development of the foreland basin and formation of the Oman Mountains. Future targets of the Natih TPS will be less obvious

Pollastro, Richard M.

1999-01-01

416

The Efficiency of the "Learning Management System (LMS)" in AOU, Kuwait, as a Communication Tool in an E-Learning System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The integration of a Learning Management System (LMS) at the Arab Open University (AOU), Kuwait, opens new possibilities for online interaction between teachers and students. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the efficiency of the LMS at AOU, Kuwait as a communication tool in the E-learning system and to find the best automated…

Alfadly, Ahmad Assaf

2013-01-01

417

THE u.s. ARMYAND nn: Rf:cONSTRUC'llON OF KUWAIT JANET A. M cDoNNELl.  

E-print Network

.S. Army and the Reconstruction of Kuwait by janet A. McDonnell DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY WASHINGTON, D Storm : the U.S. Army and the reconstruction of Kuwait I by janet A. McDonnell. p. em. Includes disaster, mili- tary operations, or calculated oppression. The increasing number of noncombat military

US Army Corps of Engineers

418

Patterns in Place of Cancer Death in the State of Qatar: A Population-Based Study  

PubMed Central

Background International studies show that most people prefer to die at home; however, hospitals remain the most common place of death (PoD). This study aims to investigate the patterns in PoD and the associated factors, which are crucial for end-of-life cancer care enhancement. Method This retrospective, population-based study analyzed all registered cancer deaths in Qatar between January 1, 2006 and December 31, 2012 (n?=?1,224). The main outcome measures were patient characteristics: age, gender, nationality, cancer diagnosis, year of death, and PoD. Time trends for age-standardized proportions of death in individual PoDs were evaluated using chi-square analysis. Odds ratio (OR) were determined for variables associated with the most preferred (acute palliative care unit [APCU] and hematology/oncology ward) versus least preferred (ICU and general medicine ward) PoDs in Qatar, stratified by nationality. Results The hematology/oncology ward was the most common PoD (32.4%; 95% CI 26.7–35.3%) followed by ICU (31.4%; 95% CI 28.7–34.3%), APCU (26.9%; 95% CI 24.3–29.6%), and general medicine ward (9.2%; 95% CI 7.6–11.1%). APCU trended upward (+0.057/year; p<0.001), while the hematology/oncology ward trended downward (?0.055/year; p<0.001). No statistically significant changes occurred in the other PoDs; home deaths remained low (0.4%; 95% Cl 0.38–0.42). Qataris who died from liver cancer (OR 0.23) and aged 65 or older (OR 0.64) were less likely to die in the APCU or hematology/oncology ward (p<0.05). Non-Qataris who died from pancreatic cancer (OR 3.12) and female (OR 2.05) were more likely to die in the APCU or hematology/oncology ward (p<0.05). Both Qataris and non-Qataris who died from hematologic malignancy (OR 0.18 and 0.41, respectively) were more likely to die in the ICU or general medicine ward (p<0.05). Conclusion A high percentage of cancer deaths in Qatar occur in hospital. As home was the preferred PoD for most people, effective home care and hospice programs are needed to improve end-of-life cancer care. PMID:25536076

Mohsen, Hassan; Haddad, Pascale; Allam, Ayman; Hassan, Azza

2014-01-01

419

The diabetes-obesity-hypertension nexus in Qatar: evidence from the World Health Survey  

PubMed Central

Background As countries develop economically, an “epidemiological transition” occurs whereby a set of chronic diseases increasingly becomes a country’s health challenge. Against this background, this paper examines the most common conditions associated with the prevalence of diabetes in Qatar, with a specific focus on the diabetes-obesity-hypertension nexus. Methods We analyzed data from the World Health Organization’s World Health Survey conducted in the State of Qatar in 2006. The survey included demographic, anthropometric, and blood chemistry measurements. Using multivariate logistical regression analysis, we assessed the most common conditions associated with diabetes, using both objective and subjective measures of diabetes. The objective measures relied on random blood sugar tests, and the subjective measure included respondents who affirmatively answered the question on diabetes diagnosis. We repeated our analysis on respondents who had blood glucose levels high enough to be considered diabetic/glucose intolerant but did not answer affirmatively on the question of diabetes diagnosis. Results When using the objective measure of diabetes, the following conditions appeared significant: obesity (OR?=?1.5, 95% CI?=?1.2 – 1.9), higher income (OR?=?1.4, 95% CI?=?1.0 – 1.9), high cholesterol (OR?=?1.4, 95% CI?=?1.0 – 1.9), having Qatari origin (OR?=?1.3, 95% CI?=?1.0 – 1.7), and increasing systolic blood pressure (SBP) 120–139 mmHg (OR?=?1.5, 95% CI?=?1.2 – 2.0), SBP 140–159 mmHg (OR?=?2.2, 95% CI?=?1.6 – 3.1), SBP?>?160 mmHg (OR?=?3.2, 95% CI?=?2.0 – 5.3). Similar results were obtained using the subjective measure of diabetes as a dependent variable. When applied to the group of respondents that included pre-diabetics and those who did not know they were diabetic, obesity and hypertension appeared as the only statistically significant explanatory variables. Conclusion High prevalence of diabetes, hypertension, and especially obesity is documented among residents of Qatar. Further steps are required to tackle the most common conditions associated with the rising diabetes epidemic in the country, which might also pose significant fiscal challenges in the future. PMID:25170308

2014-01-01

420

Triassic alkaline magmatism of the Hawasina Nappes: Post-breakup melting of the Oman lithospheric mantle modified by the Permian Neotethyan Plume  

E-print Network

Triassic alkaline magmatism of the Hawasina Nappes: Post-breakup melting of the Oman lithospheric Keywords: Neotethys Passive margin Post-breakup magmatism Triassic Hawasina Oman Mountains Middle to Late Triassic lavas were sampled within three tectonostratigraphic groups of the Hawasina Nappes in the Oman

Demouchy, Sylvie

421

Phytologia (July 1, 2014) 96(3)218 Confirmation of the southern-most population of Juniperus seravschanica in Oman by DNA  

E-print Network

seravschanica in Oman by DNA sequencing of nrDNA and four cpDNA regions. Robert P. Adams Biology Department, Sultan Qaboos University, P. O. Box 36, P. C. 123 Al-Khodh, Sultan of Oman, Muscat and Andrea EL-trnF of putative J. excelsa subsp. polycarpos from Oman, identified the taxon as J. seravschanica which is closely

Adams, Robert P.

422

Project EARTH-13-MPS1: Constraining the origin and obduction history of the Oman Ophiolite: Structure, petrology and modeling of the ophiolite lower crust, Moho  

E-print Network

Project EARTH-13-MPS1: Constraining the origin and obduction history of the Oman Ophiolite: The Oman Ophiolite is a ~15 km thick unit of upper mantle peridotite (harzburgite, dunite, wehrlite in the foreland structures in UAE and Oman. Obduction processes and timing are directly relevant to the oil

Henderson, Gideon

423

Phreatomagmatic eruption during the buildup of a Triassic carbonate platform (Oman Exotics): eruptive style, associated deformations, and implications on CO2 release by volcanism  

E-print Network

1 Phreatomagmatic eruption during the buildup of a Triassic carbonate platform (Oman Exotics@ujf-grenoble.fr; francois.chauvet@ujf-grenoble.fr Abstract Oman exotics represent remnants of a Triassic carbonate platform in Oman, emphasizing on small- and large-scale deformations of lithified and unlithified s

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

424

Exploration in petroleum development in Oman: Getting a kick into the creaming curve  

SciTech Connect

Petroleum Development Oman (PDO) currently explores an 80,000 mi[sup 2] concession area. Major discoveries were made in the early 1960s in north Oman and in south Oman in the 1970s. However, in the middle to late 1980s, discovery sizes decreased, consistent with classical creaming curves, particularly as exploration concentrated on areas around the hydrocarbon fairways. With a flattening creaming curve, the outlook did not look rosy. PDO faced the question, [open quotes]Does this curve represent the future or could new ideas, a change in approach, or application of newer technologies give an upward kick to the creaming curve [close quotes] A major strategy review took place in which the potential of all plays was reviewed. Prospects were place into frontier, conventional, and exploratory appraisal types. String time was allocated over a five-year period on a basis of play testing for frontier plays and a steady realization of conventional and exploratory appraisal drilling as partial fulfillment of the annual exploration reserves replenishment target. Initial results are promising, and specific challenges including new plays, one unique to Oman, have been defined beyond the aims of the original strategy. Resolution of these challenges will lead to delineation of new hydrocarbon resources in Oman. At the same time, technological advances such as slim-hole drilling and extensive three-dimensional seismic, in concert with work-station interpretation, are being used, in order to minimize costs and increase the success ratio.

Knox, G.J. (Petroleum Development Oman L.L.C., Muscat (Oman))

1993-09-01

425

Late Precambrian-Cambrian sediments of Huqf group, Sultanate of Oman  

SciTech Connect

The Huqf Group is the oldest known sedimentary sequence overlying crystalline basement in the Sultanate of Oman. It crops out on a broad regional high, the Huqf Axis, which forms a dominating structural element on the southeastern edge of the Arabian peninsula. Subsurface and outcrop evidence within and outside of Oman suggests that the sediments of the Huqf Group lie within the age span of late Precambrian to Early-Middle Cambrian. The Huqf Group is subdivided into five formations corresponding to an alternation of clastics (Abu Mahara and Shuram Formations) and carbonates (Khufai and Buah Formations) deposited in essentially shallow marine to supratidal (or fluviatile) conditions and terminated by an evaporitic sequence (Ara Formation). Evaporites are absent on the Huqf Axis, but they are thickly developed to the west over a large part of southern and central Oman, where they acted as the major structure former of most of Oman's fields, and even locally pierced up to the surface. Regional correlations suggest that the predominantly carbonate-evaporitic facies of the Huqf Group was widely distributed in late Precambrian-Early Cambrian time: the Huqf basin is tentatively considered part of a belt of evaporitic basins and intervening carbonate platforms, which stretched across the Pangea landmass from the Indian subcontinent (Salt Range of Pakistan) through South Yemen, Oman, and Saudi Arabia into the gulf states and Iran (Hormuz Series and carbonate platform north of the Zagros).

Gorin, G.E. (Shell U.K. Exploration and Production, London, England); Racz, L.G.; Walter, M.R.

1982-12-01

426

Identifying Errors in Handwritten Outpatient Prescriptions in Oman  

PubMed Central

To evaluate and analyze the handwritten outpatient prescriptions and associated error of omissions from four different hospitals in Oman. The study designed was an observational, retrospective and analysis of prescriptions was carried out by table and chart method. A total of 900 prescriptions were collected between April 2009 to July 2010. The type of error of omissions considered in this analysis includes all three important parts of prescriptions, i.e. superscription, inscription, and subscription. The most common type of superscription error of omission was found to be age (72.44%) and gender (32.66%). More than 46% of prescriptions were incomplete on direction for use, more than 22% of prescriptions were not having the information on dose, and more than 23% of prescriptions omitted the dosage forms of prescribed drugs. The date of dispensing of medications was omitted in all the prescriptions and more than 44% of prescriptions were missing the signature of dispenser. It was also found that more than 4% of prescriptions omitted the prescriber's signature and more than 18% of prescriptions omitted the date of prescription. We conclude from this study that the handwritten prescriptions were associated with significant frequency of minor and major prescription error of omissions. PMID:23492857

Al Shahaibi, Nadiya MS; Al Said, Lamya S; Kini, TG; Chitme, HR

2012-01-01

427

Cabled ocean observatories in Sea of Oman and Arabian Sea  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An ocean observatory—consisting of a real-time, cabled array in the Sea of Oman and an internally recording, autonomous mooring array recently upgraded to a cabled array in the northern Arabian Sea—celebrated more than 2500 days of continuous operation in July 2012. The observatory, which measures a range of properties, such as water current velocities, temperature, salinity, pressure, dissolved oxygen, and turbidity, is part of the Lighthouse Ocean Research Initiative (LORI) project [du Vall et al., 2011], which was designed as a pilot project and installed in 2005 in the region off Abu Bakara (Figures 1a and 1b). The initial goal of the project was to prove that an in situ, cabled ocean observatory can return high-quality scientific data on a real-time basis over longer time periods than conventional moored systems. That same year, an autonomous array was deployed off Ras al Hadd and on Murray Ridge in the Arabian Sea (Figure 1a).

DiMarco, Steven F.; Wang, Zhankun; Jochens, Ann; Stoessel, Marion; Howard, Matthew K.; Belabbassi, Leila; Ingle, Stephanie; du Vall, Ken

2012-07-01

428

Weed vegetation ecology of arable land in Salalah, Southern Oman.  

PubMed

This paper applies multivariate statistical methods to a data set of weed relevés from arable fields in two different habitat types of coastal and mountainous escarpments in Southern Oman. The objectives were to test the effect of environmental gradients, crop plants and time on weed species composition, to rank the importance of these particular factors, and to describe the patterns of species composition and diversity associated with these factors. Through the application of TWINSPAN, DCA and CCA programs on data relating to 102 species recorded in 28 plots and farms distributed in the study area, six plant communities were identified: I- Dichanthium micranthum, II- Cynodon dactylon-D. micranthum, III- Convolvulus arvensis, IV- C. dactylon-Sonchus oleraceus, V- Amaranthus viridis and VI- Suaeda aegyptiaca-Achyranthes aspera. The ordination process (CCA) provided a sequence of plant communities and species diversity that correlated with some anthropogenic factors, physiographic variables and crop types. Therefore, length of time since farm construction, disturbance levels and altitude are the most important factors related to the occurrence of the species. The perennial species correlated with the more degraded mountain areas of new farm stands, whereas most of the annuals correlated with old lowland and less disturbed farms. PMID:23961246

El-Sheikh, Mohamed A

2013-07-01

429

Biodegradation of organic sulfur compounds in crude oils from Oman  

SciTech Connect

Five closely related crude oils from Oman, showing various degrees of biodegradation ranging from non-biodegraded to severely biodegraded, were quantitatively investigated for free and sulfur-bound hydrocarbons. Hydrocarbons sequestered in the alkylsulfide fraction and the polar fraction were analysed after Raney Ni desulfurisation and subsequent hydrogenation. With increasing degree of biodegradation, pristane (Pr), phytane (Ph) and a series of mid-chain methyl alkanes are enriched relative to the n-alkanes, as evidenced by increased Pr/n-C{sub 17} and Ph/n-C{sub 18} ratios. In the severely biodegraded oil no free n-alkanes, mid-chain alkanes or isoprenoid alkanes could be detected. Sterane and hopane distributions, however, remain unchanged throughout the biodegradation series. Hydrocarbons sequestered in the alkylsulfide fraction (i.e. n-alkanes, mid-chain methyl alkanes, Pr and Ph) are biodegraded at lower rates than the corresponding hydrocarbons in the saturated hydrocarbon fraction. Similar hydrocarbons sequestered in the polar fraction are biodegraded at even lower rates. These results suggest that hydrocarbons bound by a higher amount of sulfur links are biodegraded at a lower rate.

Koopmans, M.P.; Sinninghe Damste, J.S.; Leeuw, J.W. de [Netherlands Institute for Sea Research, Den Burg (Netherlands)

1996-10-01

430

Case studies from Oman for coiled tubing deployed completion techniques  

SciTech Connect

Although the use of ultra-large coiled tubing to complete wells is relatively new, it is gaining widespread industry application. This paper will detail the equipment necessary to perform an operation of this type and will present information from several case studies in Oman in which an operator has successfully deployed completion equipment on 3-1/2-inch-OD coiled tubing. In addition to a discussion of the equipment required to perform the necessary operations, the trial parameters that were established by this operator will be given. The information presented has been selected to allow an initial evaluation to be made of coiled tubing completions in general and will help to determine whether this method can prove to be less expensive than traditional rig-based completions. The topics presented have been chosen to provide the reader with a thorough understanding of the techniques and preparation needed to execute a coiled tubing completion. The summary of experiences will conclude that this innovative completion technique can be a viable method for completing wells. Although long-term advantages regarding production and well maintenance cannot yet be determined, the operator`s experiences to date have confirmed his initial belief that use of coiled tubing in ultra-large continuous-pipe applications can be cost effective.

Taylor, R.W.; Conrad, B.

1996-09-01

431

Weed vegetation ecology of arable land in Salalah, Southern Oman  

PubMed Central

This paper applies multivariate statistical methods to a data set of weed relevés from arable fields in two different habitat types of coastal and mountainous escarpments in Southern Oman. The objectives were to test the effect of environmental gradients, crop plants and time on weed species composition, to rank the importance of these particular factors, and to describe the patterns of species composition and diversity associated with these factors. Through the application of TWINSPAN, DCA and CCA programs on data relating to 102 species recorded in 28 plots and farms distributed in the study area, six plant communities were identified: I- Dichanthium micranthum, II- Cynodon dactylon–D. micranthum, III- Convolvulus arvensis, IV- C. dactylon–Sonchus oleraceus, V- Amaranthus viridis and VI- Suaeda aegyptiaca–Achyranthes aspera. The ordination process (CCA) provided a sequence of plant communities and species diversity that correlated with some anthropogenic factors, physiographic variables and crop types. Therefore, length of time since farm construction, disturbance levels and altitude are the most important factors related to the occurrence of the species. The perennial species correlated with the more degraded mountain areas of new farm stands, whereas most of the annuals correlated with old lowland and less disturbed farms. PMID:23961246

El-Sheikh, Mohamed A.

2013-01-01

432

Lessons Learned from Adopting Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning in Oman  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite recent investments in and rapid modernization of university campuses in places like Kuwait and Saudi Arabia, higher education in the Middle East still faces many obstacles. One of the greatest has been a fundamental disconnect between education and employment, a possible factor contributing to many of the recent riots in the Arab World. In…

Porcaro, David S.; Al Musawi, Ali S.

2011-01-01

433

Primary coronary angioplasty for ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction in Qatar: First nationwide program  

PubMed Central

Abstract: In this article, we outline the plans, protocols and strategies to set up the first nationwide primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI) program for ST-elevation myocardial Infarction (STEMI) in Qatar, as well as the difficulties and the multi-disciplinary solutions that we adopted in preparation. We will also report some of the landmark literature that guided our plans. The guidelines underscore the need for adequate number of procedures to justify establishing a primary-PCI service and maintain competency. The number of both diagnostic and interventional procedures in our centre has increased substantially over the years. The number of diagnostic procedures has increased from 1470 in 2007, to 2200 in 2009 and is projected to exceed 3000 by the end of 2012. The total number of PCIs has also increased from 443 in 2007, to 646 in 2009 and 1176 in 2011 and is expected to exceed 1400 by the end of 2012. These figures qualify our centre to be classified as ‘high volume’, both for the institution and for the individual interventional operators. The initial number of expected primary PCI procedures will be in excess of 600 procedures per year. Guidelines also emphasize the door to balloon time (DBT), which should not exceed 90 minutes. This interval mainly represents in-hospital delay and reflects the efficiency of the hospital system in the rapid recognition and transfer of the STEMI patient to the catheterization laboratory for primary-PCI. Although DBT is clearly important and is in the forefront of planning for the wide primary PCI program, it is not the only important time interval. Myocardial necrosis begins before the patient arrives to the hospital and even before first medical contact, so time is of the essence. Therefore, our primary PCI program includes a nationwide awareness program for both the population and health care professionals to reduce the pre-hospital delay. We have also taken steps to improve the pre-hospital diagnosis of STEMI. In addition to equipping all ambulances to perform 12-lead electrocardiograms (ECGs) we will establish advanced wireless transmission of the ECG to our Heart Centre and to the smart phone of the consultant on-call for the primary-PCI service. This will ensure that the patient is transferred directly to the cath lab without unnecessary delay in the emergency rooms. A single phone-call system will allow the first medic making the diagnosis to activate the primary PCI team. The emergency medical system is acquiring capability to track the exact position of each ambulance using GPS technology to give an accurate estimate of the time needed to arrive to the patient and/or to the hospital. We also plan for medical helicopter evacuation from remote or inaccessible areas. A comprehensive research database is being established to enable specific pioneering research projects and clinical trials, either as a single centre or in collaboration with other regional or international centers. The primary-PCI program is a collaborative effort between the Heart Hospital, Hamada Medical Corporation and the Qatar Cardiovascular Research Centre, a member of Qatar Foundation. Qatar will be first country to have a unified nationwide primary-PCI program. This clinical and research program could be a model that may be adopted in other countries to improve outcomes of patients with STEMI. PMID:24688990

Gehani, Abdurrazzak; Al Suwaidi, Jassim; Arafa, Salah; Tamimi, Omer; Alqahtani, Awad; Al-Nabti, Abdulrahman; Arabi, Abdulrahman; Aboughazala, Tarek; Bonow, Robert O; Yacoub, Magdi

2012-01-01

434

Ghaba salt basin province and Fahud salt basin province, Oman; geological overview and total petroleum systems  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Three Total Petroleum Systems each consisting of one assessment unit have been identified in the Ghaba and Fahud Salt Basin Provinces of north-central Oman. One Total Petroleum System and corresponding assessment unit, the North Oman Huqf/`Q'? Haushi(!) Total Petroleum System (201401) and Ghaba-Makarem Combined Structural Assessment Unit (20140101), were identified for the Ghaba Salt Basin Province (2014). In the Fahud Salt Basin Province, however, two overlapping Total Petroleum Systems (TPS) were recognized: 1) the North Oman Huqf ? Shu'aiba(!) TPS (201601); Fahud-Huqf Combined Structural Assessment Unit (20160101), and 2) the Middle Cretaceous Natih(!) TPS (201602); Natih-Fiqa Structural/Stratigraphic Assessment Unit (20160201). The boundary for each Total Petroleum System also defines the boundary of the corresponding assessment unit and includes all trap styles and hydrocarbon producing reservoirs within the petroleum system. In both the Ghaba and Fahud Salt Basin Provinces, hydrocarbons were generated from several deeply-buried source rocks within the Infracambrian Huqf Supergroup. One general `North Oman Huqf' type oil is dominant in the Fahud Salt Basin. Oils in the Ghaba Salt Basin are linked to at least two distinct Huqf source-rock units based on oil geochemistry: a general North Oman Huqf-type oil source and a more dominant `questionable unidentified-source' or `Q'-type Huqf oil source. These two Huqf-sourced oils are commonly found as admixtures in reservoirs throughout north-central Oman. Hydrocarbons generated from Huqf sources are produced from a variety of reservoir types and ages ranging from Precambrian to Cretaceous in both the Ghaba and Fahud Salt Basin Provinces. Clastic reservoirs of the Gharif and Al Khlata Formations, Haushi Group (M. Carboniferous to L. Permian), dominate oil production in the Ghaba Salt Basin Province and form the basis for the Huqf/`Q' ? Haushi(!) TPS. In contrast, the Lower Cretaceous Shu'aiba and Middle Cretaceous Natih limestones account for most of the production in the Fahud Salt Basin with about 50 percent of the basin's production from porous, fractured Shu'aiba limestones in Yibal field, thus the name North Oman Huqf ? Shu'aiba(!) TPS. Deep gas is produced mainly from Middle Cambrian to Lower Ordovician clastic reservoirs of the Haima Supergroup. Traps in nearly all hydrocarbon accumulations of these petroleum systems are mainly structural and were formed by one or more mechanisms. These trap-forming mechanisms were mainly periodic halokinesis of the thick Cambrian Ara Salt and consequent folding and faulting from basin loading, rifting, or other major tectonic events, particularly those events forming the Oman Mountains and associated foreland-basin system during the Late Cretaceous and Late Tertiary. Many of the future new-field targets will likely be low-relief, subtle structures, as many of the large structures have been drilled. Oman's recent interest and commitments to liquid natural gas export make deep gas a primary objective in the two North Oman Huqf petroleum systems. New-field exploration of deep gas and exploring deeper targets for gas in existing fields will likely identify a significant gas resource in the next thirty years. Moreover, salt-diapir flank traps in these two North Oman Huqf petroleum systems and salt basin provinces have gone essentially untested and will likely be targeted in the near-future. The Middle Cretaceous Natih(!) TPS is a small efficient system of the Fahud Salt Basin. Natih source rocks are only mature in the Late Cretaceous/Tertiary foredeep and production is primarily from Natih reservoirs; minor production from the Shu'aiba limestone is documented along fault-dip structures. Most traps are structural and are related to development of the foreland basin and formation of the Oman Mountains. Future targets of the Natih TPS will be less obvious than those of Fahud and Natih fields and likely includ

Pollastro, R.M.

1999-01-01

435

Upper Maastrichtian to Lutetian nannofossil biostratigraphy, United Arab Emirates, west of the Northern Oman Mountains  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The latest Cretaceous (Maastrichtian) to Middle Eocene (Lutetian) interval of shallow water carbonate rocks in the NE part of the Arabian Pensinsula (Oman Mountains) includes important regional oil reservoir units. These carbonates are richly fossiliferous in foraminifera, which have been useful in correlating sequences and formations. Previous foraminiferal studies have indicated the existence of several hiatuses or lacunae related to sea level changes or due to erosion. Subsequent studies of the abundant calcareous nannofossils have permitted definition of these hiatuses via high resolution biostratigraphy. However, these previous studies were of limited extent. In this study a total of 103 nannofossil species were identified from the upper Maastrichtian-Lutetian successions at Jabal Qarn El Barr, El Faiyah Range Mountains (Jabal Thanays and western side of Jabal Buhays), United Arab Emirates, as well as Jabal El Rawdah, west of the Northern Oman Mountains, Oman.

Faris, Mahmoud; Abdelghany, Osman; Zahran, Esam

2014-05-01

436

Oman India Pipeline: An operational repair strategy based on a rational assessment of risk  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the development of a repair strategy for the operational phase of the Oman India Pipeline based upon the probability and consequences of a pipeline failure. Risk analyses and cost benefit analyses performed provide guidance on the level of deepwater repair development effort appropriate for the Oman India Pipeline project and identifies critical areas toward which more intense development effort should be directed. The risk analysis results indicate that the likelihood of a failure of the Oman India Pipeline during its 40-year life is low. Furthermore, the probability of operational failure of the pipeline in deepwater regions is extremely low, the major proportion of operational failure risk being associated with the shallow water regions.

German, P.

1996-12-31

437

Epidemiology of primary brain tumors in childhood and adolescence in Kuwait.  

PubMed

The relatively high frequency of primary brain tumors (PBT) observed in childhood and adolescence in Kuwait has necessitated this epidemiological study. It is based on the records of the Department of Pathology, Al-Sabah Hospital, which examined all brain tumor biopsies done in this age group in Kuwait between 1995 and 2011. During this period, 75 boys (49%) boys and 77 (51%) girls had histologically confirmed PBT. They comprised 122 children (0-14 years) and 30 adolescents (15-19 years). The boys/girls ratio was 1.03 in childhood and 0.76 in adolescence. The age-adjusted incidence rate was 11.2/ million person-years. Early childhood (0-4 years) had the peak frequency of tumors (33%), highest adjusted age-specific incidence rate (3.8/million person-years) of all tumors and the least boys/girls rates ratio (0.38) for astrocytic tumors. Low grade and high grade tumors peaked in 5-9 and 0-4 years respectively. Risk factors (hereditary syndromes or previous radio-therapy) were identified in three patients. Three (2%) tumors were congenital. High grade tumors comprised 47% of childhood and 23% of adolescence PBT. The most common tumors in childhood were astrocytoma (37%), embryonal tumors (31%), ependymoma (8%), and in adolescence astrocytoma (27%), pituitary adenoma (23%) and glioblastoma (13%). Embryonal tumors formed 44% of PBT in early childhood. Gliomas constituted 54% and 43% of all PBT, but 25% and 57% of high grade tumors in childhood and adolescence respectively. Most common tumor locations were cerebellum (47%), ventricles (19%) and cerebral lobes (17%) in childhood and pituitary (30%), cerebellum (27%) and 13% each for cerebral lobes and ventricles in adolescence. Approximately 57% of childhood and 23% of adolescence PBT were infratentorial. In conclusion, despite the high relative frequency of PBT before the age of 20 years in Kuwait, its incidence rate is apparently low. Compared with Western countries, Kuwait has a lower incidence of malignant gliomas, but a higher frequency of cerebellar and intraventricular tumors. Embryonal tumors are remarkably common in early childhood. PMID:23519270

Katchy, Kenneth Chukwuka; Alexander, Susan; Al-Nashmi, Nabila Mohammed; Al-Ramadan, Abbas

2013-12-01

438

Mapping in the Oman ophiolite using enhanced Landsat Thematic Mapper images  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The level of apparent lithological discrimination possible with Landsat TM images in the Oman are discussed. It is found that by using parts of the short-wavelength IR spectrum, the discrimination revealed by the TM data is sufficiently uniform throughout the Oman ophiolite to produce lithological maps at 1:100,000 scale. Decorrelation stretching of the data produces images in which allows for the recognition of variations in gabbro composition, the identification of small acidic, gabbroic, and ultramafic intrusions, the discrimation of the uppermost mantle from the deeper mantle, the precise location of the Moho, and the delineation of gossans and areas subject to choritic-epidotic alteration.

Abrams, M. J.; Rothery, D. A.; Pontual, A.

1988-01-01

439

Nutritional Practices of Athletes in Oman: A Descriptive Study  

PubMed Central

Objective Adequate dietary intake is crucial for optimum training and performance of athletes. There is almost no available information related to dietary practices among Omani athletes, especially during the competition. This study aimed to assess the nutritional practices (nutritional knowledge, eating habits and daily nutrients intake) among Omani male handball athletes in Muscat city, Oman. Methods This is a cross sectional study including 35 male handball athletes involved in serious training for no less than three years. Data collection was done through personal interviews using a study questionnaire which enlisted questions relating to socio-demographic information, anthropometric measurements and nutritional practices. All the study participants declared no intake of anabolic steroids. Results The mean age of the study participants was 27 ± 3 years. Their anthropometric assessment revealed that their mean height was 166 ± 12 cm, mean weight was 75 ± 10 kg, and body mass index was 27 ± 3. Nutritional knowledge analysis revealed that 80% had no nutritional supervision by a nutritionist/dietitian. Their knowledge of nutritional requirements was only 23% correct for total energy intake, 63% for protein intake, 46% for carbohydrate intake, 11% for fat intake and 83% for water intake. Eating habits indicated that 55% had <3 meals/day, 51% had lunch as the principal meal, 51% always added extra salt to their food, 28% took protein supplements on a daily basis, and 51% used pre-competition glycogen load diet. However, none consumed vitamins or mineral supplements. The mean daily caloric intake was 3674 ± 265 kcal/day, which was roughly comprised of 596 ± 66 g carbohydrates, 147 ± 28 g of protein and 78 ± 20 g of total fat. Conclusion Professional nutritional supervision is needed in order to improve the nutritional knowledge and eating habits of Omani athletes, and therefore improve their athletic performance. PMID:24044066

Waly, Mostafa I.; Kilani, Hashem A.; Al-Busafi, Majid S.

2013-01-01

440

The Jiddat al Harasis 073 strewn field, Sultanate of Oman  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The recently discovered Jiddat al Harasis (JaH) 073 strewn field is the largest found so far in the Sultanate of Oman, covering an area of 19 × 6 km. The 3463 single stones collected range in weight from 52.2 kg down to <1 g (total weight 600.8 kg) and show a pronounced mass sorting. The strewn field shape can be approximated by a NW-SE-oriented ellipsoid, indicating an atmospheric entry from SE at a low angle relative to the surface. The meteorite belongs to the L6 ordinary chondrite group and shows S4 average shock grade. Smaller stones generally show a higher weathering grade resulting in a spread from W2 and W4. Enhanced weathering of the stones causing fragmentation after the fall is observed in sandy depressions. Five 14C measurements on stones of variable size and weathering grade yielded 14C from 3.8 to 49.9 dpm/kg. Three samples give a 14C/ 10Be age consistent with about 14.4 ka. For two samples the cosmogenic, trapped, and radiogenic noble gases were measured. The ratio of the 4He and 40Ar gas retention ages of 0.29 ± 0.10 and that of the 3He and 21Ne cosmic ray exposure ages of 0.36 ± 0.08 Ma indicate that JaH 073 experienced a complex exposure history and lost 4He and 40Ar due to a major collision. Fragmentation statistics indicate a single major atmospheric disruption and an originally relatively spherical shape of the object. Assuming the material collected represents the majority of fallen mass, and 90-99% of the original weight was lost by ablation, the pre-atmospheric minimum radius of the meteoroid with density 3.4 g cm-3 would have been at least 75 cm.

Gnos, E.; Lorenzetti, S.; Eugster, O.; Jull, A. J. T.; Hofmann, B. A.; Al-Kathiri, A.; Eggimann, M.

2009-04-01

441

The early cretaceous evolution of carbonate platforms from northern Oman  

SciTech Connect

In northern Oman (Jebel Akhdar and foothills) Hauterivian to early Aptian shallow carbonate platforms are widely extending and pass laterally to slope and basin environments in the Nakhl zone. Progradational geometries are identified in that zone where significant correlation between thickness and sediment types supports a prominent tectonic control. The platform records four main sedimentary breaks (drowning events). Early Barremian (lower Lekhwair Formation), Late Barremian (basal Kharaib Formation), lowermost early Aptian (upper Kharaib Formation) and middle Aptian (Shuaiba-Al Hassanat formations boundary). The late Aptian-early Albian hiatus (pre-Nahr Umr unconformity) is regarded as an early Albian tectonically driven erosion. In the Nakhl zone, coral-rudist limestones of late Aptian-early Albian (lower Al Hassanat Formation) document an east-west ribbon platform, the southward extension of which was obscured by the middle Albian erosions and rudist limestones of middle to late Albian (upper Al Hassanat Formation), a lateral equivalent of the Nahr Umr circa littoral shaly sediments, document an east-west-trending linear platform. The foregoing points out a northward progradation coeval with a southward transgressive major trend for the Hauterivian-early Aptian interval, a faulted margin corresponding with the Nakhl zone active during the Aptian-Albian, a late Aptian ribbon platform coeval with the Bab basin initiation southward, a regional uplifting and truncation during the early-Albian (Austrian phase), whereas shallow-water carbonates are still forming at the edge of the former platform, and an active linear platform at the northern edge of the Nahr Umr basin, the corresponding drowning contemporaneous with the onset of the Cenomanian platform eastward.

Masse, J.P.; Borgomano, J.; Maskiry, S.Al. (Univ. of Provence, Marseille (France))

1993-09-01

442

The Qatar National Historic Environment Record: a Platform for the Development of a Fully-Integrated Cultural Heritage Management Application  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The development of the Qatar National Historic Environment Record (QNHER) by the Qatar Museums Authority and the University of Birmingham in 2008 was based on a customised, bilingual Access database and ArcGIS. While both platforms are stable and well supported, neither was designed for the documentation and retrieval of cultural heritage data. As a result it was decided to develop a custom application using Open Source code. The core module of this application is now completed and is orientated towards the storage and retrieval of geospatial heritage data for the curation of heritage assets. Based on MIDAS Heritage data standards and regionally relevant thesauri, it is a truly bilingual system. Significant attention has been paid to the user interface, which is userfriendly and intuitive. Based on a suite of web services and accessed through a web browser, the system makes full use of internet resources such as Google Maps and Bing Maps. The application avoids long term vendor ''tie-ins'' and as a fully integrated data management system, is now an important tool for both cultural resource managers and heritage researchers in Qatar.

Cuttler, R. T. H.; Tonner, T. W. W.; Al-Naimi, F. A.; Dingwall, L. M.; Al-Hemaidi, N.

2013-07-01

443

Intestinal Parasitic Infections among Long-Term-Residents and Settled Immigrants in Qatar in the Period 2005 to 2011  

PubMed Central

The expanding economy of Qatar in the last two decades has attracted immigrants, often from countries with poor socio-economic levels. Many arrive with patent intestinal parasitic infections, and recent analyses have indicated consistently rising trends in the prevalence of some infections. Here, we examined 18,563 hospital records of subjects in Qatar seeking medical assistance for a variety of ailments, combining data from 2009 to 2011 with the earlier dataset from 2005 to 2008 to enable trends to be identified across a 7-year period. We found that 8.6% were infected with one or more species of parasites, however in contrast to the earlier period (2005–2008), in the latter 3 years there were falling trends of prevalence providing some optimism that parasitic infections among the resident immigrants have begun to decline. We identified also geographic regions from which resident workers still maintain a relatively high prevalence of helminth infections despite their long-term residence in Qatar. PMID:23478576

Abu-Madi, Marawan A.; Behnke, Jerzy M.; Doiphode, Sanjay H.

2013-01-01

444

Study exploring depression and cardiovascular diseases amongst Arabic speaking patients living in the State of Qatar: Rationale and methodology  

PubMed Central

Abstract: In Qatar, cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death. Studies show that depression is associated with an increased morbidity and mortality among cardiovascular patients. Thus, early detection of, and intervention for, depression among cardiovascular patients can reduce cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, and save health care costs. To date there is no study in the Gulf region exploring depression among cardiovascular patients. The goals of our three-phase research program are to (1) understand the mental health issues, specifically depression, as experienced by cardiovascular patients living in the State of Qatar; (2) identify and implement strategies that would prevent depression and assist patients to deal with depression; and (3) evaluate, facilitate, and sustain strategies that are effective at reducing depression and foster its treatment among cardiovascular patients. This paper describe phase I of the research program. Using both quantitative and qualitative research methodologies, we will investigate (1) the prevalence and severity of depression among patients who have confirmed diagnosis of cardiovascular diseases (2) how contextual factors such as social, cultural, and economic factors contribute to the risk of depression and its management among cardiovascular patients, and (3) formulate effective intervention strategies that are expected to increase awareness, prevention of and treatment for depression among cardiovascular patients, thus reducing cardiovascular diseases morbidity and mortality in Qatar. PMID:24688991

Donnelly, Tam Truong; Al Suwaidi, Jassim M; Alqahtani, Awad; Assad, Nidal; Qader, Najla Abdul; Byrne, Carolyn; Singh, Rajvir; Fung, Tak Shing

2012-01-01

445

Contribution of oil to the economic development in Kuwait (1962-1981): a macroeconometric approach  

SciTech Connect

A simultaneous-equations econometric model for the Kuwaiti economy is developed. Emphasis is placed on the supply side of the economy, and on the linkages between the Kuwait economy and the world economy via trade, investment, and money markets. In addition, the oil sector is integrated into the economy. The model provides a measure of the over-all contribution of oil to the growth of the GDP of Kuwait during the period 1962-1981. In addition, the author is able to show, indirectly, that foreign labor has significantly contributed to the growth of GDP during the period of the study. It is expected that foreign labor will continue to play an important role in the future. A simulation experiment was carried out to provide forecasts for time paths of the main variables of the economy. Three different scenarios, based upon the expected behavior of the exogenous variables, especially the behavior of the price of oil, are set. The impact multipliers and the long-run multipliers of changes in price of oil were derived. Furthermore, these same multipliers were derived for changes in GDP of European Economic Community and Japan.

Hegazey, E.E.

1985-01-01

446

Detection of genetically modified DNA in fresh and processed foods sold in Kuwait.  

PubMed

Developments in genetic engineering technology have led to an increase in number of food products that contain genetically engineered crops in the global market. However, due to lack of scientific studies, the presence of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in the Kuwaiti food market is currently ambiguous. Foods both for human and animal consumption are being imported from countries that are known to produce GM food. Therefore, an attempt has been made to screen foods sold in the Kuwaiti market to detect GMOs in the food. For this purpose, samples collected from various markets in Kuwait have been screened by SYBR green-based real time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) method. Further confirmation and GMO quantification was performed by TaqMan-based RT-PCR. Results indicated that a significant number of food commodities sold in Kuwait were tested positive for the presence of GMO. Interestingly, certain processed foods were tested positive for more than one transgenic events showing complex nature of GMOs in food samples. Results of this study clearly indicate the need for well-defined legislations and regulations on the marketing of approved GM food and its labeling to protect consumer's rights. PMID:22892687

Al-Salameen, Fadila; Kumar, Vinod; Al-Aqeel, Hamed; Al-Hashash, Hanadi; Hejji, Ahmed Bin

2012-01-01

447

Pollution potential of oil-contaminated soil on groundwater resources in Kuwait.  

PubMed

The only natural freshwater resource of Kuwait occurs as lenses floating on the saline groundwater in the northern part of the country, near to the oil fields. Rainwater is the only means of recharge of this limited groundwater resource. This groundwater is used as bottled drinking water and the fresh groundwater aquifer is considered as a strategic drinking water reserve for Kuwait. As a result of the 1991 Gulf War, the upper soil layer has been widely contaminated with crude oil and crude oil combustion products, which are potential pollutants likely affecting the groundwater resources. Significant efforts have been made to assess this pollution. These included: (a) a soil survey for assessing the soil contamination, and (b) leaching experiments to characterise the mobilization of the soil-associated pollutants. Fluorescence measurement techniques were used during field surveys as well as for laboratory testing. In addition, determination of the total extractable matter (TEM), total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH), and GC/MS measurement of polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were performed for the assessments. The laser induced fluorescence (LIF) measurement, having good correlation with the other laboratory measurements, was proved to provide necessary information for the assessment of the oil-contamination level in the desert soil. The subsequent leaching test with water demonstrated the mobilization of the fluorescing compounds (e.g. PAHs), and the alteration in the leaching characteristics of the contamination during the long-term environmental weathering of the oil. PMID:12793688

Literathy, P; Quinn, M; Al-Rashed, M

2003-01-01

448

Geological model of the Jurassic section in the State of Kuwait  

SciTech Connect

Until the end of the seventies, the knowledge of Jurassic Geology in the State of Kuwait was very limited, since only one deep well was drilled and bottomed in the Triassic sediments. Few scattered wells partially penetrated the Jurassic sequence. During the eighties, appreciable number of wells were drilled through the Jurassic, and added a remarkable volume of information. consequently it was necessary to analyze the new data, in order to try to construct a geological model for the Jurassic in the State of Kuwait. This paper includes a number of isopach maps explaining the Jurassic depositional basin which also helps in trying to explain the Jurassic basin in the Arabian Gulf basin. Structural evolution of the Jurassic sequence indicated an inversion of relief when compared with the Cretaceous sequence. In fact, the main Cretaceous arches were sites of sedimentation troughs during the Jurassic period. This fact marks a revolution in the concepts for the Jurassic oil exploration. One of the very effective methods of the definition of the Jurassic structures is the isopaching of the Gotnia Formation. Najmah, Sargelu and Marrat Formations include the main Jurassic reservoirs which were detected as a result of the exploration activities during the eighties. Selective stratigraphic and structural cross sections have been prepared to demonstrate and explain the nature of the Jurassic sediments.

Yousif, S.; Nouman, G.

1995-11-01

449

Goal programming and game theoretic analyses of some problems of economic policy for Kuwait and the Middle East  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study focused on the State of Kuwait, an oil producing country that suffers severely from several problems and will face a potentially series economic and social aftermath if decisive planning measures are not put into operation early for the so-called post-oil era. These problems stem from the over dependence on one single exhaustible natural resource, crude oil, which carries

Al-Saffar; A. K. A. A

1986-01-01

450

THE DEMAND FOR DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN CURRENCY DEPOSITS IN A SMALL OPEN ECONOMY: THE CASE OF KUWAIT  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study presents empirical estimates of the demand for domestic and foreign currency deposits in Kuwait using a cointegration-based error correction representation. The specification of the function is set within the framework of currency substitution such that demand is hypothesised to depend on \\

Nabeel E. Al-Loughani; Imad A. Moosa

1993-01-01

451

From dollar peg to basket peg:the experience of Kuwait in view of the GCC monetary unification  

Microsoft Academic Search

In May 2007, Kuwait unilaterally abandoned the dollar peg, adopted in 2003 as a first step towards the monetary integration of GCC countries, to return to the previous basket peg system. The decision was motivated by the need to limit the inflationary pressures resulting from prolonged depreciation of the dollar against major currencies. Given the importance the anti-inflationary objective had

Olga Marzovilla; Marco Mele

2010-01-01

452

Prospects and challenges for developing corporate sukuk and bond markets© International Monetary Fund. : Lessons from a Kuwait case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to present a case study on how to develop financial markets in one of the emerging economies of the MENA region – Kuwait. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The analysis proceeds in two steps: first, the need for developing and deepening these markets is established; second, the impediments curtailing market development are identified and discussed. Findings – It

Juan Solé

2008-01-01

453

Goal programming and game theoretic analyses of some problems of economic policy for Kuwait and the Middle East  

SciTech Connect

This study focused on the State of Kuwait, an oil producing country that suffers severely from several problems and will face a potentially series economic and social aftermath if decisive planning measures are not put into operation early for the so-called post-oil era. These problems stem from the over dependence on one single exhaustible natural resource, crude oil, which carries with it considerable risks both in the short and long terms. Another problem facing Kuwait is the dependence on an imported heterogeneous labor force accounting for at least two-thirds of available manpower. This could represent a threat to social harmony and potential stability. The last problem posed is the nature of the absorptive capacity and the limitations of the economy of Kuwait and the imbalances arising from the surplus capital generated from crude oil revenue. An attempt was made to propose strategies for development planning using goal programming, with the aim of achieving social harmony and political stability, thereby developing a balanced economic base. Three planning models focused specifically on Kuwait, which also can be used in the case of other countries were developed.

Al-Saffar, A.K.A.A.

1986-01-01

454

Situation Report--Bahrain, Central African Republic, Gabon, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lesotho, Libya, Saudi Arabia, Swaziland, Syria, Yemen Arab Republic.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data relating to population and family planning in twelve foreign countries are presented in these situation reports. Countries included are Bahrain, Central African Republic, Gabon, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lesotho, Libya, Saudi Arabia, Swaziland, Syria, and Yemen Arab Republic. Information is provided, where appropriate and available, under two…

International Planned Parenthood Federation, London (England).

455

Educational Development in the State of Kuwait during the Years 1974/75 and 1976/76.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four main levels comprise the educational ladder in Kuwait: kindergarten, primary, intermediate, and secondary. Ministry of Education plans to improve education on these levels and in the institutes which offer two years of specialized training beyond secondary school are outlined in the document. The principles of separate but equal education for…

Ministry of Education (Kuwait).

456

How Do Elementary Textbooks Address Fractions? A Review of Mathematics Textbooks in the USA, Japan, and Kuwait  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Textbooks play an important part in the design of instruction. This study analyzed the presentation of fractions in textbooks designed for the elementary grades in Kuwait, Japan, and the USA. The analysis focused on the physical characteristics of the books, the structure of the lessons, and the nature of the mathematical problems presented.…

Alajmi, Amal Hussain

2012-01-01

457

Instructor's Perceptions towards the Use of an Online Instructional Tool in an Academic English Setting in Kuwait  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study sets out to explore the faculty members' perceptions of a specific web-based instruction tool (Achieve3000) in a private higher education institute in Kuwait. The online tool provides highly differentiated instruction, which is initiated with a level set at the beginning of the term. The program is used in two consecutive courses…

Erguvan, Deniz

2014-01-01

458

The Effectiveness of Direct Instruction in Teaching English in Elementary Public Education Schools in Kuwait: A Research Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper focuses on the effectiveness of direct instruction in improving non-native student achievement in English learning. The study involved two groups in two English classes. Groups were selected from two different elementary public schools in the State of Kuwait. Study parameters were derived from a review of the literature and scientific…

Al-Shammari, Zaid; Al-Sharoufi, Hussain; Yawkey, Thomas D.

2008-01-01

459

Effects of Character Education on the Self-Esteem of Intellectually Able and Less Able Elementary Students in Kuwait  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research study investigates effects of character education activities on the self-esteem of intellectually able and less able students in the lower elementary level in Kuwait. The participants were 39 students in grade three with an average age of eight years old. Students were first divided into two ability subgroups (intellectually able vs.…

Tannir, Abir; Al-Hroub, Anies

2013-01-01

460

Awareness about Autism among School Teachers in Oman: A Cross-Sectional Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children with special needs such as those with autism spectrum disorder have been recorded as ostracized and stigmatized in many parts of the world. Little is known about whether such negative views are present among mainstream teachers in Oman. A cross-sectional study was conducted to evaluate school teachers' awareness about autism spectrum…

Al-Sharbati, Marwan M.; Al-Farsi, Yahya M.; Ouhtit, Allal; Waly, Mostafa I.; Al-Shafaee, Mohamed; Al-Farsi, Omar; Al-Khaduri, Maha; Al-Said, Mona F.; Al-Adawi, Samir

2015-01-01

461

Palaeoecological analysis of a Late Quaternary sediment profile in northern Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

High resolution palaeoecological studies of the Arabian Peninsula for the late Quaternary period are scarce. Consequently, little is known about time-dependent relationships between vegetation, environment and the development of human settlements in this area. To help fill this gap for the arid Hajar mountains of northern Oman, a 20 m deep profile in a sediment-filled depression near an oasis settlement

B. Urban; A. Buerkert

2008-01-01

462

Effect of Permo-Carboniferous Climate on Illite-Smectite, Haushi Group, Sultanate of Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Late Westphalian to Artinskian Haushi Group in the Sultanate of Oman consists of the glaciogenic A1 Khlata Formation and the Gharif Formation which contains marginal marine, coastal plain, and fluvial sediments. The sequence was deposited during a global-warming event following the Permo- Carboniferous glaciation of Gondwana. Because of a varied subsidence history, these sediments range from the surface in

Bernhard H. Hartmann; KATALIN JUH; SZ BODNAR; KARL RAMSEYER; ALBERT MATTER

1999-01-01

463

Melt segregation and flow in mantle diapirs below spreading centers: evidence from the oman ophiolite  

Microsoft Academic Search

A mantle diapir of 8-km radius has been recognized by systematic structural mapping of the Oman ophiolite in the Maqsad district. This diapir chilled while still active under the ridge crest. Streamlines rotated in the diverging part of the diapir a few hundred meters under the Moho. This implies a decrease by several orders of magnitude in the effective viscosity

M. Rabinowicz; G. Ceuleneer; A. Nicolas

1987-01-01

464

Geology and seismic structure of the northern section of the Oman ophiolite  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the north Oman mountains, a continuous ophiolite succession is exposed, from tectonized harzuburgities and dunities at the base, through layered gabbros and peridotities, high-level gabbros and plagiogranite, to a dike swarm and pillowed volcanic overlain by pelagic shales. The upper part of this sequence possesses a static metamorphic overprint, which passes downward from greenschist facies in the lowermost volcanics

Nikolas I. Christensen; John D. Smewing

1981-01-01

465

Structure of the Sheeted Dike Complex of the Samail Ophiolite Near Ibra, Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

The sheeted dike complex is a regionally mappable geologic unit with a consistent position in the Samail ophiolite stratigraphy. Discontinuous exposures of the complex in the Ibra area of the southeast Oman Mountains provide structural data that allow reconstruction of a paleo-spreading ridge axis of 347 ř for the region and suggests a maximum spreading width of 275 km for

John S. Pallister

1981-01-01

466

Higher Education in the Sultanate of Oman: The Challenge of Access, Equity and Privatization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of higher education in the Sultanate of Oman found management by several government entities, no tradition of charging fees or tuition, and supply of higher education inadequate to demand. Proposes a framework for a consolidated management system and market-oriented reforms. (EV)

Al-Lamki, Salma M.

2002-01-01

467

The Implications of Implementing a "Flexible" Syllabus for ESL Policy in the Sultanate of Oman  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The education system in general and ELT in particular are rigidly controlled in the Sultanate of Oman, which gives teachers little room to supplement the mandated textbook. This article, hence, discusses ideologies about the "flexible" ELT syllabus and the role of the teacher's professionalism in the syllabus implementation process. One of the…

Al-Issa, Ali S. M.

2007-01-01

468

Meeting the Challenges: The Development of Quality Assurance in Oman's Colleges of Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The educational history of the Sultanate of Oman has undergone rapid development. In 1970, there were three primary schools. Today, there is universal education, with modern public and private institutions. In 1985, the first teacher education institutions offered a diploma programme. In 1994, six Colleges of Education, offering a degree, were…

Al Bandary, Mohammed Sulaiman

2005-01-01

469

Education of Children with Vision Impairments in the Sultanate of Oman.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the prevalence and patterns of vision impairment in the Sultanate of Oman. Reviews the types of special education and rehabilitation services offered and future priorities. Concludes that, although at present, few visually impaired children are receiving services, a special education system is evolving into a community-based approach to…

Hadidi, Muna S. Z.

1998-01-01

470

Similar Paths, Different Destinations: Gender Differences in Teacher Career Paths in Oman  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Jones ABSTRACT: Across Oman, girls outnumber and outperform boys at the secondary school level. While welcoming girls' success, the government is concerned that low male achievement may have negative consequences on national competitiveness and economic growth. One reason posited for this discrepancy in achievement is differences in the…

Chapman, David W.; Al-Barwani, Thuwayba; Al Maawali, Fathiya; Jones, Thomas J.

2014-01-01

471

Brief Report: Prevalence of Autistic Spectrum Disorders in the Sultanate of Oman  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prevalence of autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) in Oman is unknown. We conducted a cross-sectional study to estimate the prevalence of ASD among 0-14 year old children. Diagnoses were made as per DSM-IV-TR criteria and supplemented with information collected with the standard Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS) questionnaire. A total 113 cases of…

Al-Farsi, Yahya M.; Al-Sharbati, Marwan M.; Al-Farsi, Omar A.; Al-Shafaee, Mohammed S.; Brooks, Daniel R.; Waly, Mostafa I.

2011-01-01

472

Hydrostatic collapse research in support of the Oman India gas pipeline  

SciTech Connect

This paper provides a summary of the collapse test program conducted as part of the technical development for the Ultra Deep Oman to India Pipeline. The paper describes the motivation for conducting the collapse test program, outlines the test objectives and procedures, presents the results obtained, and draws conclusions on the factors affecting collapse resistance.

Stark, P.R.; McKeehan, D.S.

1995-12-01

473

Pipeline repair development in support of the Oman to India gas pipeline  

SciTech Connect

This paper provides a summary of development which has been conducted to date for the ultra deep, diverless pipeline repair system for the proposed Oman to India Gas Pipeline. The work has addressed critical development areas involving testing and/or prototype development of tools and procedures required to perform a diverless pipeline repair in water depths of up to 3,525 m.

Abadie, W.; Carlson, W.

1995-12-01

474

Progress in Developing a National Quality Management System for Higher Education in Oman  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The post-secondary education sector in Oman consists of a complex suite of public and private institutions, in a number of distinct segments, offering local and foreign programmes developed through their respective quality assurance systems. The Omani higher education quality management system is undergoing significant advances to address this…

Carroll, Martin; Razvi, Salim; Goodliffe, Tess; Al-Habsi, Fakhriya

2009-01-01

475

Magma chambers in the Oman ophiolite: fed from the top and the bottom  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent models of magma chambers at fast-spreading ridges are based on the idea that the entire gabbro section of the oceanic crust crystallizes from a thin melt lens located just below the sheeted dike complex. The shape of the lens has been deduced from seismic reflection data at fast-spreading ridges. On the basis of structural studies in the Oman ophiolite,

Françoise Boudier; Adolphe Nicolas

1996-01-01

476

English Language Teaching Reform in Sultanate of Oman: The Case of Theory and Practice Disparity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sultanate of Oman is one out of many developing countries around the world which have valued English as a very important international language and a tool for achieving multiple purposes. When His Majesty the Sultan came to power in 1970, the government accepted English as the only official foreign language and allocated huge budgets and resources…

Al-Issa, Ali S.; Al-Bulushi, Ali H.

2012-01-01

477

Dhofar 301, 302 and 303: Three New Lunar Highland Meteorites from Oman  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Three new lunar meteorites were found in the Dhofar region of Oman. They are highland impact breccias, but each is distinct and distinguishable from other lunar meteorites collected nearby. There should be at least 5 different falls of lunar meteorites in the Dhofar region.

Nazarov, M. A.; Demidova, S. I.; Patchen, A.; Taylor, L. A.

2002-03-01

478

Accretion of Oman and United Arab Emirates ophiolite – Discussion of a new structural map  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is altogether an extended legend for the folded maps incorporated in this volume, a review of the current knowledge on the Oman-United Arab Emirates ophiolite belt, and a new synthesis at the scale of the entire belt. Following a brief description of the petrological and structural units composing the ophiolite, the content of the three structural maps (planar

A. Nicolas; F. Boudier; B. Ildefonse; E. Ball

2000-01-01

479

Development of a back-up battery management system - A case study in petroleum development Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

Back-up batteries are intended to meet the immediate requirements of the plant during emergencies or failures in the control supplies. Battery maintenance plays a very important role in running the plant continuously. There are approximately 1000 battery charges and uninterruptable power supplies (UPSs) in petroleum development Oman (PDO), each battery charger is attached to, on average, 84 cells. To allow

M. S. Qatan; D. M. Hepburn; C. Zhou

2009-01-01

480

From isotropic to layered gabbro: evolution record in the Oman ophiolite  

Microsoft Academic Search

The origin of gabbro layering in ophiolites is widely debated because it is linked to the processes of melt circulation beneath spreading ridges. The Moho Transition Zone (MTZ) of the Oman ophiolite contains layered gabbro lenses that are tens of meters wide. At meter scale, these rocks are not distinguishable from crustal layered gabbros. We describe the first known occurrence

D. Jousselin; L. G. Morales; A. Stephant; M. Nicolle

2010-01-01

481

Experimental study of using renewable energy in the rural areas of Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper shows the Ministry of Water Resources efforts to exploit the Sultanate's renewable energy. Groundwater from Heelat Ar Rakah camp's well was found unfit for consumption due to high concentrations of fluoride and hydrogen sulphide (H2S) gas. For the first time in Oman, solar power was used to run a reverse osmosis desalination plant to produce fresh water for

Ahmed Al Malki; Mohamme Al Amri; Hamoud Al Jabri

1998-01-01

482

Assessment of wind energy potential locations in Oman using data from existing weather stations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes five years hourly wind data from twenty-nine weather stations to identify the potential location for wind energy applications in Oman. Different criteria including theoretical wind power output, vertical profile, turbulence and peak demand fitness were considered to identify the potential locations. Air density and roughness length, which play an important role in the calculation of the wind

Sultan AL-Yahyai; Yassine Charabi; Adel Gastli; Saleh Al-Alawi

2010-01-01

483

Mineral carbon storage in peridotite bodies: insights from natural carbonation of peridotite in Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

The formation of solid carbonate minerals offers a safe and permanent storage solution for the disposal of CO2, and injection of CO2 into peridotite bodies may provide an effective and economical method of mineral carbon sequestration. The natural formation of carbonate minerals is quite common in weathering and alteration of tectonically exposed peridotite bodies. In the Oman ophiolite, we observe

E. Streit; P. B. Kelemen; J. M. Matter; M. W. Spiegelman

2009-01-01

484

Hmoglobinopathies hrditaires au Sultanat d'Oman.(1) Premiers rsultats d'une recherche doctorale en anthropologie de la sant.  

E-print Network

1/9 Hémoglobinopathies héréditaires au Sultanat d'Oman.(1) Premiers résultats d'une recherche aux hémoglobinopathies héréditaires au Sultanat d'Oman. Les connaissances croissantes de la génétique héréditaires (drépanocytose et thalassémie). Le terrain d'étude, le Sultanat d'Oman, a été le théâtre d

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

485

1 WCMC-Q: www.qatar-weill.cornell.edu | WCMC-Q NY: www.med.cornell.edu | Cornell University: www.cornell.edu 6,000 13,500  

E-print Network

#12;1 WCMC-Q: www.qatar-weill.cornell.edu | WCMC-Q NY: www.med.cornell.edu | Cornell University: www.cornell.edu / . . . . WCMC-Q: www.qatar-weill.cornell.edu | WCMC-Q NY: www.med.cornell.edu | Cornell University: www.cornell.edu

Danforth, Bryan Nicholas

486

Defining a Mutational Panel and Predicting the Prevalence of Cystic Fibrosis in Oman  

PubMed Central

Objectives: Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) mutations form distinct mutational panels in different populations and subgroups. The frequency of cystic fibrosis (CF) mutations and prevalence are unknown in Oman. This study aimed to elucidate the mutational panel and prevalence of CF for the North Al Batinah (NAB) region in Oman and to estimate the national prevalence of CF based on the carrier screening of unrelated volunteers. Methods: The study included retrospective and prospective analyses of CF cases in the NAB region for 1998–2012. Genetic analysis of disease-causing mutations was conducted by screening of the entire coding sequence and exon-intron borders. The obtained mutational panel was used for the carrier screening of 408 alleles of unrelated and unaffected Omani individuals. Results: S549R and F508del were the major mutations, accounting for 89% of mutations in the patient population. Two private mutations, c.1733–1734delTA and c.1175T>G, were identified in the patient cohort. Two carriers, one for F508del and another for S549R, were identified by screening of the volunteer cohort, resulting in a predicted prevalence for Oman of 1 in 8,264. The estimated carrier frequency of CF in Oman was 1 in 94. The carrier frequency in the NAB region was 3.9 times higher. Conclusion: The mutational panel for the NAB region and the high proportion of S549R mutations emphasises the need for specific screening for CF in Oman. The different distribution of allele frequencies suggests a spatial clustering of CF in the NAB region. PMID:25097766

Fass, Uwe W.; Al-Salmani, Majid; Bendahhou, Said; Shivalingam, Ganji; Norrish, Catherine; Hebal, Kallesh; Clark, Fiona; Heming, Thomas; Al-Khusaiby, Saleh

2014-01-01

487

COOL: Crust of the Oman Ophiolite and its Lithosphere - a passive seismic experiment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Plate tectonics has established a framework for geoscientists to understand most geologic/tectonic processes that shaped our present-day Earth. 'Obduction', the emplacement of young, dense oceanic lithosphere (ophiolites) on top of older lighter continental lithosphere remains, however, a rather odd phenomenon. Some ophiolites are fundamentally similar to young oceanic crust and it is hence assumed that they were obducted as thrust sheets at the onset of continental subduction in a previously intra-oceanic subduction setting. The Peri-Arabic obduction corresponded to a spectacular, almost synchronous thrust movement along thousands of km from Turkey to Oman. At the eastern margin of the Arabian plate, the world's largest and best preserved ophiolite was emplaced in only a few My during Upper Cretaceous and is exposed today atop the Oman Mountain range. Although being the best studied ophiolite in the world, rather little is still known about the internal structure of the ophiolite and the Oman Mountains. The dimension of the ophiolite is large enough (~700 km) to be studied with seismological methods, providing thus a rare setting to investigate oceanic crust on land without ocean bottom installations. We have deployed a network of 40 broadband seismometers across the Oman Mountains in Oct/Nov 2013 for passive seismic registration for a duration of ca. 15 months. The network is complemented by 10 permanent stations in the area operated by the Earthquake Monitoring Center in Oman. Aims of the project include: - Seismological imaging of the geometry and internal properties of obducted oceanic, and its underlying continental lithosphere. - Regional tomographic velocity models will provide constraints on geodynamic processes that led to large scale obduction. - Investigating the "quiet" Makran subduction zone for local seismicity will improve understanding of seismic hazard on the eastern Arabian plate.

Weidle, Christian; Agard, Philippe; Ducassou, Céline; El-Hussain, Issa; Prigent, Cécile; Meier, Thomas

2014-05-01

488

Morphology and Late Quaternary sedimentation in the Gulf of Oman Basin  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The morphology of the Gulf of Oman Basin, a 3,400 m deep oceanic basin between Oman and southern Pakistan and southern Iran, ranges from a convergent margin (Makran margin) along the north side, a passive type (Oman margin) along the south side, translation types along the basin's west (Zendan Fault-Oman Line) and east (Murray Ridge) sides and a narrow continental rise and a wide abyssal plain in the centre of the basin. Sediment input into the basin during the Late Quaternary has been mainly from the north as a result of the uplift of the Coast Makran Mountains in the Late Miocene-Pliocene. Today most of this detritrus is deposited on the shelf and upper continental slope and perched basins behind the fold/fault ridges on the lower slope. The presence of fans and channels on the continental rise on the north side of the basin indicate, however, that continental derived debris was, and possibly is, being transported to the deep-sea by turbidity currents via gaps in the ridges on the lower slope. In addition to land derived terrigenous sediments, the basin deposits also contain biogenic (organic matter and calcium carbonate), eolian detritus and hydrates and authigenic carbonates from the tectonic dewatering of the Makran accretionary wedge. The eolian sediment is carried into the Gulf of Oman Basin from Arabia and the Mesopotamia Valley by the northwesterly Shamal winds. This type of detritus was particularly abundant during the glacial arid periods 21,000-20,000 and 11,000 (Younger Dryas) years ago when exposure of the Persian (Arabian) Gulf increased the area of dust entrainment and shifted the position of the source of the eolian sediments closer to the basin.

Uchupi, Elazar; Swift, S. A.; Ross, D. A.

489

3D laser scanning and modelling of the Dhow heritage for the Qatar National Museum  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Curating boats can be difficult. They are complex structures, often demanding to conserve whether in or out of the water; they are usually large, difficult to move on land, and demanding of gallery space. Communicating life on board to a visiting public in the terra firma context of a museum can be difficult. Boats in their native environment are inherently dynamic artifacts. In a museum they can be static and divorced from the maritime context that might inspire engagement. New technologies offer new approaches to these problems. 3D laser scanning and digital modeling offers museums a multifaceted means of recording, monitoring, studying and communicating watercraft in their care. In this paper we describe the application of 3D laser scanning and subsequent digital modeling. Laser scans were further developed using computer-generated imagery (CGI) modeling techniques to produce photorealistic 3D digital models for development into interactive, media-based museum displays. The scans were also used to generate 2D naval lines and orthographic drawings as a lasting curatorial record of the dhows held by the National Museum of Qatar.

Wetherelt, A.; Cooper, J. P.; Zazzaro, C.

2014-08-01

490

Traumatic Brain Injury in Qatar: Age Matters—Insights from a 4-Year Observational Study  

PubMed Central

Background. Overall traumatic brain injury (TBI) incidence and related death rates vary across different age groups. Objectives. To evaluate the incidence, causes, and outcome of TBI in adolescents and young adult population in Qatar. Method. This was a retrospective review of all TBIs admitted to the trauma center between January 2008 and December 2011. Demographics, mechanism of injury, morbidity, and mortality were analyzed in different age groups. Results. A total of 1665 patients with TBI were admitted; the majority were males (92%) with a mean age of 28 ± 16 years. The common mechanism of injury was motor vehicle crashes and falls from height (51% and 35%, resp.). TBI was incidentally higher in young adults (34%) and middle age group (21%). The most frequent injuries were contusion (40%), subarachnoid (25%), subdural (24%), and epidural hemorrhage (18%). The mortality rate was 11% among TBI patients. Mortality rates were 8% and 12% among adolescents and young adults, respectively. The highest mortality rate was observed in elderly patients (35%). Head AIS, ISS, and age were independent predictors for mortality. Conclusion. Adolescents and adults sustain significant portions of TBI, whereas mortality is much higher in the older group. Public awareness and injury prevention campaigns should target young population. PMID:23983630

El-Menyar, Ayman; Al-Thani, Hassan; Tuma, Mazin; El-Hennawy, Hany; AbdulRahman, Husham; Peralta, Ruben; Asim, Mohammad; El-Faramawy, Ahmed; Zarour, Ahmad; Latifi, Rifat

2013-01-01

491

Exome Sequencing Identifies Potential Risk Variants for Mendelian Disorders at High Prevalence in Qatar  

PubMed Central

Exome sequencing of families of related individuals has been highly successful in identifying genetic polymorphisms responsible for Mendelian disorders. Here, we demonstrate the value of the reverse approach, where we use exome sequencing of a sample of unrelated individuals to analyze allele frequencies of known causal mutations for Mendelian diseases. We sequenced the exomes of 100 individuals representing the three major genetic subgroups of the Qatari population (Q1 Bedouin, Q2 Persian-South Asian, Q3 African) and identified 37 variants in 33 genes with effects on 36 clinically significant Mendelian diseases. These include variants not present in 1000 Genomes and variants at high frequency when compared to 1000 Genomes populations. Several of these Mendelian variants were only segregating in one Qatari subpopulation, where the observed subpopulation specificity trends were confirmed in an independent population of 386 Qataris. Pre-marital genetic screening in Qatar tests for only 4 out of the 37, such that this study provides a set of Mendelian disease variants with potential impact on the epidemiological profile of the population that could be incorporated into the testing program if further experimental and clinical characterization confirms high penetrance. PMID:24123366

Rodriguez-Flores, Juan L.; Fakhro, Khalid; Hackett, Neil R.; Salit, Jacqueline; Fuller, Jennifer; Agosto-Perez, Francisco; Gharbiah, Maey; Malek, Joel A.; Zirie, Mahmoud; Jayyousi, Amin; Badii, Ramin; Al-Marri, Ajayeb Al-Nabet; Chouchane, Lotfi; Stadler, Dora J.; Hunter-Zinck, Haley; Mezey, Jason G.; Crystal, Ronald G.

2013-01-01

492

Geologic Section Through the Samail Ophiolite and Associated Rocks Along a Muscat-Ibra Transect, Southeastern Oman Mountains  

Microsoft Academic Search

' Regional mapping at a 1:60,000 scale of a 30-kin strip from the Gulf of Oman (Muscat) across the Oman Mountains, 130 km to the south, provides the geologic setting for the (-95 m.y.) Ibra section of the Samail ophiolite. Where best preserved, the Ibra ophiolite section is an ---8 kin-thick section of oceanic consisting of --0.5 km of pillow

C. A. Hopson; R. G. Coleman; R. T. Gregory; J. S. Pallister; E. H. Bailey

1981-01-01

493

Symptom burden in hospitalized patients with cancer in kuwait and the need for palliative care.  

PubMed

We conducted this study to describe the symptom burden among hospitalized patients with cancer in a Kuwaiti cancer center. Twenty physical symptoms were assessed in 45 patients with cancer. The majority (82%) of patients had an advanced incurable cancer and 42% were receiving best supportive care only. The median number of symptoms per patient was 6.4 ± 2.8. The most common symptoms were pain (82%), weakness/fatigue (80%), anorexia (67%), weight loss (49%), and dyspnea (42%). Pain was the most distressing symptom in 31% of patients, followed by dyspnea (24%) and weakness/fatigue (11%). The high prevalence of advanced disease and the demonstrated high symptom burden mandate the initiation and development of culturally sensitive palliative care models, especially hospital-based ones, to relieve the suffering of patients with cancer in Kuwait. PMID:20228359

Alshemmari, Salem; Ezzat, Hanan; Samir, Zainab; Sajnani, Kamlesh; Alsirafy, Samy

2010-11-01

494

Chain migration through the social network: experience of labour migrants in Kuwait.  

PubMed

"Labour migration to the Gulf countries is predominantly contract based and a majority of workers fall below the salary ceiling necessary for sponsoring family members. Despite this, social networks have expanded in Kuwait, primarily in the form of sponsorship of additional labour migrants by those already in the country. The objectives of the article are to describe how the process of arranging sponsorship works, to delineate the predictors of moving through a friend or relative, or arranging sponsorship for a subsequent labour migrant, and to assess the żmultiplier' effect of the above process. The article is based on a survey among 800 South Asian skilled and unskilled male migrants, 200 each from Bangladesh, India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka." (EXCERPT) PMID:12290420

Shah, N M; Menon, I

1999-01-01

495

Traffic-generated noise pollution: exposure of road users and populations in Metropolitan Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was carried out in metropolitan Kuwait with a sound level meter to assess peak hour and off-peak hour noise level.\\u000a In local\\/collector streets, noise ranged between 56.0 to 79.2 dBA and 55.3 to 76.4 dBA; in arterial streets, 62.3 to 89.2 dBA\\u000a and 59.6 to 78.9 dBA; and in freeways, 66.7 to 94.8 dBA and 64.9 to 89.1 dBA during peak and off-peak hour

N. Z. Al-Mutairi; M. A. Al-Attar; F. S. Al-Rukaibi

496

Evidence of hydrocarbon contamination from the Burgan oil field, Kuwait: interpretations from thermal remote sensing data.  

PubMed

The paper presents the application of thermal remote sensing for mapping hydrocarbon polluted sites. This has been achieved by mono-window algorithm for land surface temperature (LST) measurements, using multi-date band 6 data of Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM). The emissivity, transmittance and mean atmospheric temperature were used as critical factors to estimate LST. The changes in the surface emissivity due to oil pollution alter the apparent temperature, which was used as a recognition element to map out oil polluted surfaces. The LST contrast was successfully used to map spatial distribution of hydrocarbon pollution in the Burgan Oil field area of Kuwait. The methodology can be positively used to detect waste dumping, oil spills in oceans and ports, besides environmental management of oil pollution at or near the land surface. PMID:17291680

ud Din, Saif; Al Dousari, Ahmad; Literathy, Peter

2008-03-01

497

Trypanosoma avium incidence, pathogenicity and response to melarsomine in falcons from Kuwait.  

PubMed

Epidemiological and clinical studies on Trypanosoma avium are lacking in the Middle East. The aims of this study were to determine the T. avium incidence in falcons from Kuwait, report clinical signs and find an effective therapy. Blood smears from 921 diseased and 56 healthy falcons were examined between May 2003 and April 2004. 12 birds 11.3%) were found infected by T. avium and ten of these were treated with melarsomine (Cymelarsan) at a dosage of 0.25 mg/kg intramuscularly for four days. All affected birds presented clinical signs, including incapacity of flying high, poor appetite, lethargy, loosing weight, weakness, dyspnoea and death. Signs disappeared within 1-7 days after administration of melarsomine. Trypomastigotes were not detected in blood smears made 1-7 days after the end of therapy. This study suggests that T. avium induces disease in falcons and that melarsomine can be an effective therapy eliminating both clinical signs and circulating trypomastigotes. PMID:15828588

Tarello, W

2005-03-01

498

Insight in Ridge Axial Melt Lens in the Oman Ophiolite  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As in fast spreading ridges, the Oman ophiolite had a melt lens perched on top of the magma chamber where the gabbro unit was crystallizing. This melt lens is now reduced to an horizon where its roof and floor are coinciding and this horizon is now identified in the field. It is generally marked by a sharp discordance between the isotropic gabbros from the root zone of sheeted dike complex (RZSDC) and steeply dipping foliated gabbros. These gabbros are issued from the mush settled on the floor of the melt lens, after subsidence inside the magma chamber. After stretching, compaction and rotation in the chamber, the mush has drifted through the wall of the chamber with, as a result, the observed steep foliated gabbros. Depending on its vertical distance beneath the lens horizon, a given gabbro derives from increasing distances inside the melt lens. Insights in the active melt lens are possible in three ways. 1) Looking at gabbros from the lens horizon, which virtually have not subsided. 2) Considering uncommon areas which display flat-lying foliated gabbros, below the contact with RZSDC and which grade down section into the steep foliated gabbros. Such situations are ascribed to a retreat of the melt lens, exposing gabbros which crystallized on its floor. Their good foliation points to a dynamic deposition on the floor, presumably by convection currents. 3) Considering the ubiquitous occurrence of anorthosites which are interlayered with the foliated gabbros. The anorthosites carry several important messages such as: - compaction of the mush at early stage of subsidence; - chemical nature of the rising melt which drops plagioclase first, followed by either olivine or clinopyroxene; - frequency and volume of melt intrusions, each one coming as short and massive melt surge; - spacing of areas of melt delivery on the lens floor. These results are essentially derived from anorthosites description and distribution in the field. It is concluded that melt lens activity is rhythmic, following different tempos. 1) The lower frequency of tens of thousands years, related to vertical migration of lenses, recognized at fast spreading ridges. 2) The frequency of a few hundreds years, related to horizontal displacements and to melt surges. This timing is compatible with the ~500 years deduced from the ~50 m spacing of abyssal hills, in the 10 cm/year western side of 18° S East Pacific Rise (Carbotte et al., 2003)1. Lens inflation, with possibly small swelling, is controlled by a melt surge, whereas lens deflation is illustrated by the "tide" effect, uncovering the flat foliations of the lens floor. 3) The highest frequency at the scale of ~10 years, related to basaltic extrusions on seafloor, as they are recorded by sheeted dikes. Deflation of the melt lens would result from these periodic basaltic extrusions. (1) Carbotte, S.M. et al., 2003., G3, vol.4/1, 1-21.

Boudier, F.; Nicolas, A.; Daignieres, M.

2008-12-01

499

Structure of Submarine Large Lobate Sheet from the Oman Ophiolite  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Coalescence and inflation of flow lobes are common to fluidal basaltic lava emplaced on a gentle slope and a flat field, which are fundamental mechanisms to form vast sheet-like lava flows. Flow-lobe coalescence and inflation are also known from submarine sheet flows from mid-ocean ridges and submarine extensions of Hawaiian rift zones. The V3 extrusive unit (Salahi Volcanics) of the Oman Ophiolite has an extensive sheet flow of alkali basalt attaining 12 km in length and as thick as 100 m. We propose that this unusually thick sheet flow was formed by complex flow-lobe coalescence and inflation of subaqueous lava lobes extruded at low supply rates of lava. V3 mainly consists of 3 sheet flows separated by red shale beds associated with pillow and pahoehoe flows. An alkali dolerite dyke >30 m in thickness to the southern end of V3 distribution is assumed to be the source of V3 lavas, intruding into the Alley Volcanics (V2) beneath V3. Ropy wrinkles are commonly observed on the top and bottom of the sheets, indicating north to north-westerly flow directions. Sheet flows occasionally grade into pillows and pahoehoe lobes both laterally and downward. Pillows and pahoehoe lobes directly broke out from the base or peripherals of sheet flows are observed. Red shale fills interstices between pillows and fractures along the cooling joints in the base of sheet flows. Because pillows are formed on slopes >5 degrees, the above occurrence indicates that the slowly advancing lava formed pillows as it flowed down into a depression filled with unconsolidated mud. When the depression was filled with the pillows, the lava form changed into pahoehoe lobes which were coalesced and inflated to a thick sheet flow. The lowest sheet flow (SF-1) has the largest extension and thickness among the three flows. It has columnar jointed upper and lower crusts, and massive cores, among which the upper crust is thickest. Such joint structures also develop in subaerial flood basalts, but are more complex in the Salahi SF-1. Most part of SF-1 has only one core between the upper and lower crusts, while in places double cores are present separated by a columnar jointed layer, or no core appears in other places. The core lacks dendritic clinopyroxene, showing a typical doleritic texture. In contrast, the crust contains thin and elongated clinopyroxene, suggestive of crystallization under a large degree of supercooling.The roof of the sheet develops domed structures several metres to a few hundred metres across. Finely jointed zones beneath such domed roofs sometimes continue into and thin out within the crust below the neighbouring roof. Such finely jointed layers and lenses are most plausibly seal zones of coalesced flow lobes. Hyaloclastite veins and lenses are found along vertical joints in the lower part of the upper crust. Repeated fragmentation of chilled margins along the joints indicates that molten lava was in contact with water, which entered through deep cracks into the upper crust. All these observations led us to conclude that the crusts were formed by coalescence of partially overlapped or stacked flow lobes, while the core developed endogenously as the sheet inflated. Meanwhile inflation cracks opened and penetrated deep into the crust.

Umino, S.

2009-12-01

500

Megadroughts at the Dawn of Islam Recorded in a Stalagmite from Oman  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Climate on the Arabian Peninsula is strongly affected by two major climate systems; the North Atlantic/Siberian pressure system in winter and the Indian monsoon in summer. Their influence is clearly discernable in the present-day precipitation pattern in Oman. Southern Oman (so-called Dhofar region) receives most of its total annual precipitation during the Indian summer monsoon (June - August), whereas northern Oman receives most precipitation during the northeast monsoon season (December - March) by southeast ward moving Mediterranean frontal system. To date, the late Holocene climatic history of Oman and the entire Arabian Peninsula is poorly understood due to the lack of well dated and highly resolved paleoclimate records. In order to fill this gap of knowledge an actively growing stalagmite (specimen H12) was collected from Hoti Cave located in northern Oman. Total annual rainfall in this area varies between 50 and 255 mm yr-1, with more than 65% of total annual rainfall occurring between December and March. The chronology of stalagmite H12 is based on 24 Th-U ages, which indicate that H12 grew continuously during the last 2650 years. The H12 oxygen isotope record (?18O) is based on 1345 measurements corresponding to a temporal resolution of around 2 years. The comparison of the H12 ?18O record with meteorological data reveals that ?18O values reflect the amount of precipitation. The H12 ?18O time series shows distinct centennial- to decadal-scale changes in the amount of precipitation. The most striking feature of the H12 isotope profile is a series of severe droughts between A.D. 500 and A.D. 1000, the most severe perennial drought is centered at around A.D. 530. During this time South Arabia experienced a series of profound societal changes, such as the collapse of the Himyarite Kingdom which was the dominant state in Arabia. Our stalagmite ?18O time series from Northern Oman seems to support the hypothesis that the collapse of the 1500-year-old South Arabian civilizations and transition from the pre-Islamic to the Islamic era in the 6th and early 7th century A.D. may have been triggered by reoccurring severe droughts.

Fleitmann, D.; Mudelsee, M.; Bradley, R. S.; Burns, S. J.; Cheng, H.; Mangini, A.; Edwards, R.; Matter, A.

2010-12-01