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1

Situation Report--Argentina, Colombia, Cyprus, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libyan Arab Republic, Oman, Syrian Arab Republic, and Uruguay.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data relating to pupulation and family planning in nine foreign countries are presented in these situation reports. Countries included are Argentina, Colombia, Cyprus, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libyan Arab Republic, Oman, Syrian Arab Republic, and Uruguay. Information is provided under two topics, general background and family planning situation, where…

International Planned Parenthood Federation, London (England).

2

Facing Human Capital Challenges of the 21st Century: Education and Labor Market Initiatives in Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Countries in the Arab region are faced with the challenge of developing their populations' skills and technical knowledge, or human capital, in order to compete in the 21st century global economy. The authors describe the education and labor market initiatives implemented or under way in four countries in the Arab region -- Lebanon, Oman, Qatar,…

Gonzalez, Gabriella; Karoly, Lynn A.; Constant, Louay; Salem, Hanine; Goldman, Charles A.

2008-01-01

3

5. CORAL REEF STATUS IN THE ROPME SEA AREA: ARABIAN\\/PERSIAN GULF, GULF OF OMAN AND ARABIAN SEA  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report summarises the status of coral reefs in the ROPME Sea Area which includes Bahrain, Iran, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates (UAE); there are no coral reefs in Iraq. The region can be split into three parts according to the local marine climate, which strongly influences the nature of the coral communities: the Persian\\/Arabian Gulf

HAMID REZAI; SIMON WILSON; MICHEL CLAEREBOUDT; BERNARD RIEGL

4

Oman.  

PubMed

Focus in this discussion of Oman is on the following: geography; the people; history; government; political conditions; the economy; and relations between Oman and the US. The population is estimated at 1.3 million; the annual growth rate is 3%. The infant mortality rate is estimated to be 50/1000 with a life expectancy of 48 years. Oman is located in the eastern part of the Arabian Peninsula. Its land borders with Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates remain undefined, and the border with the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen is in dispute. About 1/3 of the population live in Muscat and the Batinah coastal plain northwest of the capital; more than 1/2 live in small towns, primarily in the interior. Ethnic groups include Arab, Baluchi, Zanzibari, and Indian. At least 200,000 expatriates live in Oman, most of whom (180,000) are guest workers from India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka, as well as from Egypt, Jordan, and the Philippines. Except for a brief period of Persian rule, the Omanis have remained independent since 1650. The sultanate has no constitution, legislature, or legal political parties. The judicial system is based mainly on the Koranic laws and the oral teachings of the Prophet Muhammad. In November 1981, the sultan formed the Consultative Council for the State in an effort to increase public participation in the government. When Oman declined as an entrepot for arms and slaves in the mid-19th century, much of its former prosperity was lost, and the economy relied almost exclusively on agriculture, camel and goat herding, fishing, and traditional handicrafts. Oil was first discovered in the interior in 1964. With the fall in oil prices in the early 1980s, revenue declined slightly before resuming an upward trend based on additions to production from the new fields. By late 1985, production rose to just over 500,000 barrels/day. The government is undertaking many development projects to modernize the economy and further improve the standard of living. Increases in agriculture and fishing are believed possible with the application of modern technology. PMID:12178123

1986-01-01

5

Tectonic characterization of the area between Qatar-Kazerun and Oman lines (Iran): using spatial analysis of geological and geophysical variables  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Zagros thrust-and-fold belt is part of the Alpine-Himalayan orogenic belt. The general tectonic framework of the area is located between Qatar-Kazerun and Oman lines, southern of this active orogenic belt, is define by Zagros thrust system which is parallel to the belt and a series of transfer fault zones or lateral ramp oblique to the belt, which are associated the crustal shortening in the region. The studies of the spatial patterns of tectonic characteristics of this area has been the subject of many researches. In this research, we introduce a quantitative approach for tectonic characteristic of the area, using of geostatistical modeling. Geostatistical modeling involves the estimation of the spatial correlation described in the sample variograms and fitting models to them. For this purpose, the study area of the Zagros thrust-and-fold belt is divided into blocks using a square grid at 0.5? × 0.5?. An overlapping area of 0.25? × 0.25? (moving step) is made for high resolution and comprehensive study, which inherently maintains the continuity of the data points from grid to grid. It seems that the geological and geophysical characteristics such as faulting, folding, lithology, topography and seismic activities could indicate reliably spatial variations of tectonics in the region. Thus, they have been calculated and recorded as quantitative variables for each block and spatial distribution of variables using of geostatistical modeling. The obtained results and their correlation with tectonic conditions of the region permit us to predict quantitatively characterizes of the tectonics of the study area. Although the Zagros presents a complex spatial distribution of tectonic, but it is possible to find some homogenous sub-areas. It is also possible to differentiate between areas with low and high probability values of the tectonic activities such as density of faulting and folding, frequency of earthquakes and diapirism, which can to be helpful for studies of the oil discovery.

Sarkarinejad, K.; Zadeh, R. Mehdi

2009-04-01

6

Education in Qatar.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education in the State of Qatar was traditionally limited to the "orthography of the Arabic language." In 1952 Qatar had one elementary school for boys with 240 pupils and 6 teachers. By 1955, an elementary school for girls (n=50) was established. In 1980-81, schooling increased to 71 schools for boys with 20,588 students and 70 schools for girls…

Saif, Philip S.; Kamal, Abdulaziz

7

Estimating PM 10 air concentrations from dust storms in Iraq, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia  

Microsoft Academic Search

A model for the emission of PM10 dust has been constructed using the concept of a threshold friction velocity which is dependent on surface roughness. Surface roughness in turn was correlated with geomorphology or soil properties for Kuwait, Iraq, part of Syria, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Oman. The PM10 emission algorithm was incorporated into a Lagrangian transport

Roland R. Draxler; Dale A. Gillette; Jeffrey S. Kirkpatrick; Jack Heller

2001-01-01

8

Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons in marine biota and coastal sediments from the Gulf and the Gulf of Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

The composition and spatial distribution of aliphatic and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were investigated in biota and coastal sediments from four countries surrounding the Gulf (Bahrain, Qatar, United Arab Emirates and Oman). The levels of total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH), aliphatic unresolved mixture and PAHs in sediments and biota were relatively low compared to world-wide locations reported to be chronically contaminated

Imma Tolosa; Stephen J. de Mora; Scott W. Fowler; Jean-Pierre Villeneuve; Jean Bartocci; Chantal Cattini

2005-01-01

9

Doing Business in Qatar.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Qatar has achieved unprecedented economic growth, outpacing regional and other global emerging markets including the BRIC countries. It is well-known as one of the richest countries in the world with an average GDP per capita income in excess of US$75,000...

2013-01-01

10

Water Conservation in Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

Limited resources and growing needs for water have triggered a nationwide campaign for water conservation in the Sultanate of Oman. A land and soil survey study of Oman shows the availability of more arable land than present water resources could support. Groundwater is the main source for agricultural production. Overpumping at rates higher than the natural recharge has resulted in

Hayder A. Abdel-Rahman; Isam Mohammed Abdel-Magid

1993-01-01

11

[Indian workers in Oman].  

PubMed

Until recently Oman was a country of emigration, but by 1980 an estimated 200,000 foreign workers were in the country due to the petroleum boom. Almost 1/3 of the estimated 300,000 Indian workers in the Gulf states were in Oman, a country whose colonial heritage was closely tied to that of India and many of whose inhabitants still speak Urdu. The number of work permits granted to Indians working in the private sector in Oman increased from 47,928 in 1976 to 80,787 in 1980. An estimated 110,000 Indians were working in Oman in 1982, the great majority in the construction and public works sector. A few hundred Indian women were employed by the government of Oman, as domestics, or in other capacities. No accurate data is available on the qualifications of Indian workers in Oman, but a 1979 survey suggested a relatively low illiteracy rate among them. 60-75% of Indians in Oman are from the state of Kerala, followed by workers from the Punjab and the southern states of Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh and Bombay. Indian workers are recruited by specialized agencies or by friends or relatives already employed in Oman. Employers in Oman prefer to recruit through agencies because the preselection process minimizes hiring of workers unqualified for their posts. Officially, expenses of transportation, visas, and other needs are shared by the worker and the employer, but the demand for jobs is so strong that the workers are obliged to pay commissions which amount to considerable sums for stable and well paying jobs. Wages in Oman are however 2 to 5 times the level in India. Numerous abuses have been reported in recruitment practices and in failure of employers in Oman to pay the promised wages, but Indian workers have little recourse. At the same level of qualifications, Indians are paid less then non-Omani Arabs, who in turn receive less than Oman nationals. Indians who remain in Oman long enough nevertheless are able to support families at home and to accumulate considerable savings. Working and living conditions are difficult: the hours are long, the weather is hot, housing conditions are primitive and provide no relief from the heat, the food supply is the minimum required, and almost no diversions are available. There are no unions even among Omani workers, and troublemakers are quickly repatriated. The Indian embassy occasionally intercedes for workers, brief work stoppages may occur if pay is delayed, and some conflicts are settled individually. Resistence among Indian workers may take less visible forms, especially absenteeism and requests for leave. PMID:12280376

Longuenesse, E

1985-01-01

12

Population Genetic Structure of the People of Qatar  

PubMed Central

People of the Qatar peninsula represent a relatively recent founding by a small number of families from three tribes of the Arabian Peninsula, Persia, and Oman, with indications of African admixture. To assess the roles of both this founding effect and the customary first-cousin marriages among the ancestral Islamic populations in Qatar's population genetic structure, we obtained and genotyped with Affymetrix 500k SNP arrays DNA samples from 168 self-reported Qatari nationals sampled from Doha, Qatar. Principal components analysis was performed along with samples from the Human Genetic Diversity Project data set, revealing three clear clusters of genotypes whose proximity to other human population samples is consistent with Arabian origin, a more eastern or Persian origin, and individuals with African admixture. The extent of linkage disequilibrium (LD) is greater than that of African populations, and runs of homozygosity in some individuals reflect substantial consanguinity. However, the variance in runs of homozygosity is exceptionally high, and the degree of identity-by-descent sharing generally appears to be lower than expected for a population in which nearly half of marriages are between first cousins. Despite the fact that the SNPs of the Affymetrix 500k chip were ascertained with a bias toward SNPs common in Europeans, the data strongly support the notion that the Qatari population could provide a valuable resource for the mapping of genes associated with complex disorders and that tests of pairwise interactions are particularly empowered by populations with elevated LD like the Qatari.

Hunter-Zinck, Haley; Musharoff, Shaila; Salit, Jacqueline; Al-Ali, Khalid A.; Chouchane, Lotfi; Gohar, Abeer; Matthews, Rebecca; Butler, Marcus W.; Fuller, Jennifer; Hackett, Neil R.; Crystal, Ronald G.; Clark, Andrew G.

2010-01-01

13

The Qatar Exoplanet Survey  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Qatar Exoplanet Survey (QES) is discovering hot Jupiters and aims to discover hot Saturns and hot Neptunes that transit in front of relatively bright host stars. QES currently operates a robotic wide-angle camera system to identify promising transiting exoplanet candidates among which are the confirmed exoplanets Qatar 1b and 2b. This paper describes the first generation QES instrument, observing strategy, data reduction techniques, and follow-up procedures. The QES cameras in New Mexico complement the SuperWASP cameras in the Canary Islands and South Africa, and we have developed tools to enable the QES images and light curves to be archived and analysed using the same methods developed for the SuperWASP datasets. With its larger aperture, finer pixel scale, and comparable field of view, and with plans to deploy similar systems at two further sites, the QES, in collaboration with SuperWASP, should help to speed the discovery of smaller radius planets transiting bright stars in northern skies.

Alsubai, K. A.; Parley, N. R.; Bramich, D. M.; Horne, K.; Collier Cameron, A.; West, R. G.; Sorensen, P. M.; Pollacco, D.; Smith, J. C.; Fors, O.

2013-12-01

14

Country Analysis Briefs: Qatar, January 30, 2014.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Like many of its neighbors, Qatar relies on its energy sector to support its economy. According to the Qatar National Bank (QNB), Qatar's earnings from its hydrocarbons sector accounted for 60% of the country's total government revenues over the past five...

2014-01-01

15

Qatar: Background and U.S. Relations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In recent years, the ruler of Qatar, Shaikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al- Thani, has embarked upon a limited course of political liberalization and aligned Qatar firmly with the United States. In 1992, Qatar and the United States concluded a Defense Cooperation A...

J. M. Sharp

2004-01-01

16

Asthma Control in Oman  

PubMed Central

Objectives: The Asthma Insights and Reality (AIR) study in the Gulf and Near East (one of a worldwide series of surveys conducted in adults and children to assess asthma control) was conducted in Oman to assess how closely asthma control meets international guidelines recommendations. Methods: From January 2007 to March 2008, asthmatics receiving treatment or currently suffering from asthma symptoms were interviewed among nationals randomly surveyed from the most populated urban areas in Oman (Muscat, Sohar and Nizwa). The standard AIR questionnaire was used to assess symptom severity, health care utilisation, limitation of activity and medication use. Results: From 201 asthmatic participants, 21% were under 16 years and 43% were female. Tobacco use was low in our asthmatics. Disparity in asthma perception was wide in Oman; while 57% of asthmatics perceived their asthma as well or completely controlled, actually 54% had poorly or not well controlled asthma. All recommendations for asthma control by the Global Initiative for Asthma were largely unmet, especially in child asthmatics, with 44% reporting night awakenings due to asthma during the previous 4 weeks and 47% exercise-induced asthma in the previous 12 months. Overall, 32.6% of children and 34.8% of adults reported absence due to asthma from school/work during the previous year. Use of preventive inhaled corticosteroids was only 5.0%, one of the lowest even within the AIR Gulf and Near East study, producing an unacceptable ratio ICS/SABA (inhaled corticosteroid/short acting beta-agonist) of 0.054 in Omani asthmatics. Conclusion: Asthma control in Oman falls far below the goals of current international guidelines therefore corrective strategies are needed.

Al-Busaidi, Nasser; Soriano, Joan B

2011-01-01

17

Building insulation technology: Kuwait  

SciTech Connect

Recommendations are reached through the use of a value analysis approach to adapt building insulation technology to Kuwait environment. The economical and technical aspects of using insulation influencing architectural and engineering decisions are presented. Research has confirmed that savings of 25% to 40% of electrical energy required in cooling and heating the building can be achieved by the proper use of insulating materials. Though the ideas of this study are tailored for Kuwait, yet it may be appropriate and applicable to many countries with hot climate.

Ezz Al Din, M.A.

1986-01-01

18

Libraries and Librarianship in Qatar.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outline of the library movement in Qatar, a peninsula located on the middle of the western shore of the Arabian Gulf, includes the educational system, book publishing, establishment of the National Library in 1963, public libraries (2), academic libraries (2), school libraries (54), special libraries (5), and library education. (EJS)

Aman, Mohammed M.; Khalifa, Sha'ban A.

1983-01-01

19

Country Analysis Briefs: Oman, October 10, 2013.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Located on the Arabian Peninsula, Oman's proximity to the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman, and Persian Gulf grant it access to some of the most important energy corridors in the world, enhancing Oman's position in the global supply chain. Oman plans to capitali...

2013-01-01

20

Salicornia Production in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Kuwait lacks the resources for agricultural development and plant production, but there are growing (high) interest with the public and the government for plant cultivation. The soil is sandy in texture with low fertility content of nutrients and low water holing capacity. The irrigation water is limited to desalinated sea water which is very expensive, brackish water that is to

Mahdi S. Abdal

21

Seismic structure of Kuwait  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have used data from the Kuwait National Seismic Network (KNSN) to estimate the seismic structure of Kuwait using a limited amount of seismic data. First, we made surface wave dispersion measurements and calculated receiver functions from the relatively small amount of data available from the broad-band station, KBD. Models were derived from the joint inversion of teleseismic receiver functions and Rayleigh and Love fundamental mode surface wave group velocity dispersion. While both surface waves and receiver functions by themselves can be used to estimate lithospheric structure, we have successfully combined the two to reduce non-uniqueness in estimates based on the individual data sets. The resulting KUW1 model features a thick (8 km) sedimentary cover and crustal thickness of 45 km. Crustal velocities below the sedimentary cover are consistent with global averages for stable platforms. We infer upper-mantle velocities (7.84 km s-1 P-wave velocity; 4.40 km s-1 S-wave velocity) that are slightly lower than expected for a stable platform. In comparison with other crustal structure estimates for the Arabian platform to the west, the crust is thicker and the mantle is slower in Kuwait. This is consistent with the overall tectonic trends of the region that find increasing crustal thickness between the divergent plate boundary at the Red Sea and the convergent plate boundary at the Zagros Mts, as well as slow mantle velocities beneath this nearby orogenic zone. The resulting model fits the traveltimes of regional phases (Pn, Pg, Sn and Lg). Independent inversion of local earthquake traveltimes recorded by KNSN (allowing for event hypocentre relocation) results in a remarkably similar velocity structure, providing confidence that the joint inversion of receiver functions and surface wave group velocities can impose accurate constraints on crustal structure for local event location and network operations. Relocation of events in Kuwait improves the clustering of events and results in shallower hypocentres.

Pasyanos, Michael E.; Tkal?i?, Hrvoje; Gök, Rengin; Al-Enezi, Abdullah; Rodgers, Arthur J.

2007-07-01

22

Diabetic dyslipidaemia in Kuwait.  

PubMed

About 15% of the adult Kuwaiti population has type 2 diabetes and over 50% are hyperlipidaemic by current diagnostic criteria. Not surprisingly, coronary heart disease (CHD) is the leading cause of death in Kuwait. Reports from coronary care units in Kuwait suggest that 40-80% of the CHD patients were diabetic and 50-80% hyperlipidaemic. The pattern worldwide is similar. International guidelines have therefore consistently recognised diabetes as a major risk factor for CHD. In our Lipid Clinic population in Kuwait, about 30% are diabetic. The commonest lipid abnormalities seen in Kuwaiti diabetic patients, as elsewhere, are hypertriglyceridaemia with low HDL levels and variable LDL levels. About 75% of the subjects had either mixed hyperlipidaemia or predominant hypertriglyceridaemia. There are possibly some compositional changes in LDL in the diabetic subjects in that there were important differences in the statistical relationships between LDL and HDL and their respective apolipoproteins - apo B and apo A-1 in diabetic as compared to non-diabetic subjects. Other important observations made in diabetic subjects in Kuwait are: (i) similar serum Lp (a) levels and pattern of apo(a) polymorphism with non-diabetic subjects, with no demonstrable relationship between serum levels of Lp(a) and insulin/insulin sensitivity, although with CHD, Lp(a) levels were increased; (ii) diabetic hyperlipidaemic subjects had elevated PAI-1 levels with significant correlations between blood PAI-1 and insulin levels suggesting underlying insulin resistance (syndrome X). Various landmark trials of cholesterol-lowering therapies in the prevention of CHD have consistently demonstrated near-normalization of the increased CHD risk in diabetes. Our experience in Kuwait suggests that diabetic patients and others with mixed hyperlipidaemia benefit from tight glycaemic control, appropriate advice on diet and exercise with regular reinforcement by continuing contact with professional dietitians and regular availability of drugs where prescribed. Often, it is the regular compliance with medication that is important, rather than the specific medication used particularly where HMG CoA reductase inhibitors (statin drugs) are not always available. A useful guideline for management of dyslipidaemia in diabetes is suggested. PMID:12444310

Akanji, Abayomi O

2002-01-01

23

The water problem in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the status of water desalination in Kuwait, and the limitations of current equipment in satisfying the increased water demand. It also gives the reasons for the water problem, and presents a more efficient and rapidly deployable solution for power and desalinated production. Kuwait has a serious water problem that can become a real crisis in the near

M. A. Darwish; Najem Al-Najem

2005-01-01

24

Kuwait: World Oil Report 1991  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports that the major event in Kuwait today is the ongoing effort to control blowouts stemming from Iraqi demolition of oil wells and producing facilities last February. A total of 732 wells---about two- thirds of all wells in Kuwait---were blown up. All but 80 caught on fire.

Not Available

1991-08-01

25

Carwash water reclamation in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Kuwait depends almost totally on the desalination industry for the production of fresh water good for all applications and activities. As water consumption and cost of production are very high, any attempt to lower them is considered “win–win” strategy for both reducing pollution and enhancing water supply resources. Carwash stations located in Kuwait are among those activities that consume great

A. Al-Odwani; M. Ahmed; S. Bou-Hamad

2007-01-01

26

Eating Epilepsy in Oman  

PubMed Central

Eating epilepsy (EE), where seizures are triggered by eating, is rare and has not been reported in the Gulf region. In EE, the ictal semiology includes partial or generalised seizures. Focal brain changes on imaging, if present, are often confined to the temporal lobe or perisylvian region. Therapeutic options, especially in those patients who are refractory to pharmacotherapy, have not been well-established. We report a series of five patients with EE from Oman, a country located in the eastern part of the Arabian Gulf region, and highlight the usefulness of temporal lobectomy in one patient who had medically-intractable EE. Surgical intervention could be considered as a potential therapeutic option in carefully selected patients with medically-intractable seizures.

Gujjar, Arunodaya R.; Jacob, P. C.; Ramanchandiran, Nandhagopal; Al-Asmi, Abdullah

2013-01-01

27

Revitalizing Qatar's National University. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although Qatar University (QU) had been well regarded in the past, its performance had deteriorated by 2003, and the country's leadership was concerned that the university was not meeting Qatar's needs. From 2003 to 2007, the university led a reform process facilitated by RAND and outside experts, which clarified QU's mission and reformed QU's…

Steinberg, Paul

2009-01-01

28

Fisheries of Oman, 1987-89.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Oman is the most important fisheries country in the Middle East, with a 1989 catch of 107,000 metric tons. Oman has a 1,700 km coastline, a 350,000 square km Exclusive Economic Zone, and coastal upwelling occurs in Omani waters. These factors give Oman ab...

E. Yannotti J. Short

1991-01-01

29

Tectonics of the Western Gulf of Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Oman line, running northward from the Strait of Hormuz separates a continent-continent plate boundary to the northwest (Persian Gulf region) from an ocean-continent plate boundary to the southeast (Gulf of Oman region). A large basement ridge detected on multichannel seismic reflection and gravity profiles to the west of the Oman line is probably a subsurface continuation of the Musandam

Robert S. White; David A. Ross

1979-01-01

30

Petroleum geology of Kuwait  

SciTech Connect

The extremely large oil reserves in Kuwait result from the presence of all conditions necessary for hydrocarbon generation, migration, entrapment, and preservation, which can be ascribed to an exceptionally large trap volume in a simple geological setting and a late expulsion and migration from a huge area of thermally mature source rocks. The Lower and middle Cretaceous sequence of Kuwait is among the world's richest hydrocarbon habitats. The depositional history is dominated by sedimentation on a very stable broad platform characterized by quiescence as reflected by a continuous deposition in a slowly subsiding sea bottom. The reservoirs are composed of thick sandstone of the Wara, Burgan, and Zubar formations. In addition to these, Mauddud Limestone forms a good reservoir in the northern fields and, in the south, the oolitic limestone of the Lower Cretaceous in Greater Burgan, Umm Gudair, and Minagish fields contains substantial hydrocarbon deposits. The sandstone reservoirs are the world's largest over 1,500 ft (450 m) in thickness of perfect reservoir quality and composed of well-sorted, medium to coarse-grained sands that were deposited in a littoral or on the edge of a deltaic and coastal environment. The source rocks are mostly likely the same reservoir rocks, particularly with downdip more shaly development of widespread thermally mature organic rich facies juxataposed with a carbonate-sandstone shelf.

Youash, Y.

1988-01-01

31

Petroleum geology of Kuwait  

SciTech Connect

Kuwait is located in the Arabian platform geologic province and the stable shelf tectonic environment of the Mesopotamian geosyncline, a sedimentary basin extending from the Arabian shield on the west to the Zagros Mountains of complex folding and faulting history, on the east. The sedimentary cover in Kuwait consists of a complete succession 25,000 ft (7,600 m) thick on top of the basement and ranges in age from Paleozoic to Holocene. The relative geologic stability and homogeneity over virtually all its depositional history resulted in an extraordinary areal continuity of reservoirs, seals, and source rocks, giving rise to the accumulation of the largest concentration of the hydrocarbon reserves in the world in giant and super-giant oil and gas fields. The structures are very large, gentle with modest closure. The seals are very efficient. Because of the wide extent of the lithologic units and only gentle tectonic deformation, large-scale horizontal migration is very efficient and the large structures have great storage capacity.

Youash, Y.

1988-02-01

32

The Natural History of Oman & Arabia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Natural History of Oman & Arabia Webpage is provided by the Germany-based Oman Studies Centre, an independent, non-governmental and nonprofit academic institution that facilitates research on Oman. Modest in presentation and content, this specialized Website gathers together published information (citations) and links to Web resources related to the "botany, climate, conservation, ecology, geology, marine biology, meteorology, palaeoclimate and zoology" of the region of Oman and Arabia. Also at the site is a Contact List of scientists with an interest in the Natural History of the region. For students or researchers planning to work in Oman or Arabia, this site will be a helpful resource.

33

Kuwait; The blowouts are history  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports on the capping of oil well blowouts in Kuwait. It reports on how access to the wells was gained, the well kill methods used, and future work that must be done in order to restore productivity.

Not Available

1992-01-01

34

Distribution of petroleum hydrocarbons and organochlorinated contaminants in marine biota and coastal sediments from the ROPME Sea Area during 2005  

Microsoft Academic Search

The composition and spatial distribution of various petroleum hydrocarbons (PHs), comprising both aliphatic and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and selected chlorinated pesticides and PCBs were measured in biota and coastal sediments from seven countries in the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman (Bahrain, Iran, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates). Evidence of extensive marine contamination

Stephen de Mora; Imma Tolosa; Scott W. Fowler; Jean-Pierre Villeneuve; Roberto Cassi; Chantal Cattini

2010-01-01

35

Oil and Gas Industry In Qatar.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In less than two decades, numerous impressive developments have taken place. These include: the realization of full ownership and complete control by the State over oil and gas operations and related industries, the establishment of Qatar General Petroleu...

1992-01-01

36

Country Commercial Guide: Qatar, Fiscal Year 2000.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Country Commercial Guide (CCG) offers a comprehensive look at Qatar's commercial environment, using economic, political and market analyses. The CCG's were established by recommendation of the Trade Promotion Coordinating Committee (TPCC), a multi-ag...

1999-01-01

37

In Brief: Monitoring ozone in Qatar  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Qatar is establishing an ozone and pollution monitoring ground station in West Asia, following discussions between the government, the Qatar Foundation, and the United Nations Environment Programme, according to a 19 November announcement. The station will assist in understanding whether the ozone layer is actually recovering after being damaged by ozone-depleting chemicals. Qatar also announced plans to establish a global center of excellence for research and development of ozone and climate-friendly technology, equipment, and appliances. UNEP executive director Achim Steiner said the announcements by Qatar ``will help plug key data gaps relating to information gathering in West Asia and the Gulf to the benefit of the region and the world.''

Showstack, Randy

2008-12-01

38

Qatar Peninsula, United Arab Emirates, Persian Gulf  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In this view of the Qatar Peninsula, United Arab Emirates, Persian Gulf, (25.0N, 51.0E) a large oil spill, seen as a large dark toned mass in the water covers much of the surface of the western Persian Gulf. Qatar is one of several of the oil rich United Arab Emirate states. Oil spills and oil pollution of the environment are common occurrances associated with oil tanker loading operations.

1983-01-01

39

Photovoltaic electricity prospects in oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although considerable progress has been achieved in supplying electricity to most parts of Oman, due to its population dispersion, economic constraints and the short duration of the national electrification-programme to date (i.e. less than 30 years), there are still some locations without this desirable service. Electricity is the premium form of energy, because it is clean, as well as being

Hilal A. Al-Ismaily; Douglas Probert

1998-01-01

40

Developing and Implementing the Qatar Student Assessment System. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research brief summarizes the development of a standards-based student assessment system in Qatar, lessons for policymakers in Qatar and elsewhere, and challenges in aligning the assessment with future changes in the curriculum standards. Analysis of Qatar's standards-based student assessment system, the first in the region, offers several…

Gonzalez, Gabriella; Le, Vi-Nhuan; Broer, Markus; Mariano, Louis T.; Froemel, J. Enrique; Goldman, Charles A.; DaVanzo, Julie

2009-01-01

41

Economic perspective of PV electricity in Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

Solar and wind energies are likely to play an important role in the future energy generation in Oman. This paper utilizes average daily global solar radiation and sunshine duration data of 25 locations in Oman to study the economic prospects of solar energy. The study considers a solar PV power plant of 5-MW at each of the 25 locations. The

A. H. Al-Badi; M. H. Albadi; A. M. Al-Lawati; A. S. Malik

2011-01-01

42

Demand for gasoline in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper estimates the demand for gasoline in Kuwait for the period 1970–1989 using a cointegration and error correction model (ECM). It is found that gasoline demand is inelastic with respect to price in the short and long run, and while it is elastic in the long run, gasoline demand is inelastic with respect to income in the short run.

M. N. Eltony; N. H. Al-Mutairi

1995-01-01

43

Analysis of Kuwait Temperature Records: Test of Heat Island Existence in Kuwait City Arid Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Very few arid land cities have been studied to determine local climate effects developing from rapid urban growth in the twentieth century. Kuwait City in the State of Kuwait is examined to determine the significance of urban growth on heating in the region. The study examines recent changes in temperature for the State of Kuwait for the period 1958-1980. During

Hasan Ali Nasrallah

1988-01-01

44

Liberal Arts Education in Qatar: Intercultural Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is an attempt to sketch a historical, cultural and social background of recent educational developments in Qatar, briefly review the traditions of western liberal arts education with its goals and teaching and learning methodologies, explain its benefits and their relevance to Muslim Qatari students of universities in Education City in…

Rostron, Magdalena

2009-01-01

45

Current status of the Qatar Exoplanet Survey  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Qatar Exoplanet Survey (QES) is conducting a wide-field transit search program using a 6-camera CCD imaging system designed design to go at least 0.5 magnitudes fainter than most current wide-angle surveys such as SuperWASP and HATNet. QES uses two overlapping wide field 135mm and 200mm lenses along with four 400mm lenses mosaiced to cover the same 11x11 degree field of view. The higher angular resolution and large aperture doubles the sampling volume for low-mass stars, compared to WASP and HAT. Saturn and Neptune sized planets are more easily detected if they orbit smaller stars, therefore by extending the transit search to stars with smaller radii QES is well position to plug the gap, between SuperEarths and Hot Jupiters, left between Kepler and the current wide-angle surveys. QES detections are nonetheless still bright enough for radial-velocity follow up with 2-m and 4-m class telescopes. We present the current status of the Qatar Exoplanet Survey, along with information of the first transiting exoplanets, Qatar-1b and Qatar-2b, to be found using the instrument, which were both detected orbiting K-dwarfs stars.

Parley, Neil; Collier Cameron, A.; Horne, K.; Alsubai, K. A.; QES Consortium

2011-09-01

46

University Education in Qatar: A Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development of the University of Qatar, which is located in the Western Arabian Gulf, is described. The only higher education (tertiary) institution, the university is public with an independent structure and budget. In addition to its academic studies and preparation of graduates for work, the university seeks to preserve the Islamic and…

Morsi, Mohamed Monir; Al-Kobaisi, Abdullah J.

47

Teaching across Cultures: Canada and Qatar  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Findings from a comparative case study conducted in Canada and Qatar are presented in this article. The study examined the cultural context of a transnational post-secondary program offered by the Faculty of Business at a Canadian college, with campuses located in both St. John's and Doha. The instructors' perceptions of their students' cultures…

Prowse, Jacqueline; Goddard, J. Tim

2010-01-01

48

Flowmetering of drainage wells in Kuwait City, Kuwait  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A heat-pulse flowmeter was used in six drainage wells in Kuwait City for flow profiling under both ambient and pumping conditions. The data collected were used in: (a) estimating the cross-flow among the screened intervals under ambient conditions; (b) estimating the relative transmissivity adjacent to the individual screen zones; and (c) determination of the hydraulic heads at the far boundaries of the large-scale aquifer zones. These inferences were cross-checked against known hydrogeology of the aquifer-aquitard system in the study area, and the calibration results of numerical flow modeling. The major conclusions derived from the flow measurements were: (a) the presence of natural downward cross-flow under ambient condition supported the hypothesis that the upper part of the Kuwait Group aquifer in the study area was divided into a series of permeable units (aquifers), separated by confining or semi-confining beds (aquitards); (b) the head differences between the different screened zones, derived through modeling of the flowmeter data of the wells, provided additional confirmation for the division of the upper part of the Kuwait Group aquifer into compartments in the study area; (c) flowmeter data indicated that the second and third aquifers were contributing most of the water to the well bores, compared with the uppermost (first) and the lowermost (fourth) aquifers; and (d) inflow to the wells during pumping was associated with discrete sub-intervals in the screened zones, controlled by local aquifer heterogeneity, and possibly clogging of screens and gravel pack.

Paillet, F. L.; Senay, Y.; Mukhopadhyay, A .; Szekely, F.

2000-01-01

49

Seismotectonics and earthquake activity of Kuwait  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

On March 1997, earthquake monitoring was started inKuwait through the operation of the Kuwait NationalSeismograph Network (KNSN). On Sept. 18, 1997, anearthquake of magnitude 3.9 occurred in the Minagisharea (southwest of Kuwait); it was felt in Kuwait City50 km away from the epicenter which was accuratelylocated using the data of KNSN. Also, some eventswere located in Minagish area and along the westernborders of the State of Kuwait. The same area ofMinagish was shocked on June 2, 1993 with a 4.7magnitude earthquake; it was also felt in Kuwait City. The spatial distribution of the Minagish areaearthquake may show a trend of NE-SW direction. Theisoseismals of the Sept. 18, 1997 earthquake aregenerally elliptical in shape with the major axisoriented NE-SW. The geologic sections and tectonichistory of Kuwait show seismotectonic deformationsince late Eocene time. This activity is related tothe interaction of the Arabian platform and the Zagrosfolded belt. A major break in the sedimentarysuccession which occurred in Kuwait during Eocene andOligocene times indicates that nascent folding anduplift have persisted since that time. The formationof the major topographical feature in Kuwait(Jal-Az-Zor escarpment, Wadi Al-Batin and AhmadiRidge) can be attributed to tectonic activity since Eocene time.The spatial distribution of the recent earthquakeactivity in Kuwait is associated with the surface andsubsurface tectonic structures. The moderate sizeearthquake activity of the State of Kuwait can beconsidered as evidence of recent rejuvenation of thetectonic structures which have been active since Eocene time.

Bou-Rabee, Firyal

50

Country Analysis Briefs: Kuwait, July 2011.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Kuwait is a member of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), exporting the fourth largest volume of oil among the group in 2010. At the same time, Kuwait's economy is one heavily dependent on petroleum export revenues, which account for...

2011-01-01

51

New Cultures of Critical Reflection in Qatar  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We speak about the need for critical reflection on practice, but what do we do when we do it; and how do we explain how and why we should do it? This paper explores these issues, and itself acts as the site for an exploration and explanation of what it means to be critically reflective. Drawing on recent research in Qatar, I give an account of how…

McNiff, Jean

2011-01-01

52

Strategic Brain Drain: Implications for Higher Education in Oman  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Oman will soon be producing three times more college graduates than there are jobs available in the country each year, forcing graduates to seek employment outside of Oman. Their success in securing and holding employment will be based more on training and performance than might be the case if they were working in Oman. If graduates find that the…

Al-Barwani, Thuwayba; Chapman, David W.; Ameen, Hana

2009-01-01

53

76 FR 65365 - United States-OMAN Free Trade Agreement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...11-19] RIN 1515-AD68 United States-OMAN Free Trade Agreement AGENCIES: U.S...customs-related provisions of the United States--Oman Free Trade Agreement entered into by the United States and the Sultanate of Oman. DATES: Final rule effective...

2011-10-21

54

Analysis of Kuwait Temperature Records: Test of Heat Island Existence in Kuwait City Arid Environment.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Very few arid land cities have been studied to determine local climate effects developing from rapid urban growth in the twentieth century. Kuwait City in the State of Kuwait is examined to determine the significance of urban growth on heating in the region. The study examines recent changes in temperature for the State of Kuwait for the period 1958-1980. During this time period, Kuwait has experienced explosive urban growth from 0.2 million to 1.7 million population. Simple parametric inferential statistics are employed to monthly temperature records from seven locations in and adjacent to Kuwait City. These tests are conducted to determine the connection between urbanization and the development of urban heating effects. The statistical tests employ a national "benchmark" desert site; a rural, agricultural benchmark site in the State of Kuwait; and stations in Bahrain, Eilat, Riyadh, Abadan, and Baghdad. The analysis illustrates that there is only a modest level of urban heating detectable in temperature records from the region of Kuwait. This finding runs counter to prevailing literature on urban climatology, which generally states that urban heating depends strongly on urban extent and population growth. Upon inspection of geographic location and surficial characteristics of Kuwait City, two hypotheses are suggested for the low order urban heating detected: (1) cooling effects of advected Arabian Gulf air across the city, and, (2) the lack of substantive spatial differences of surface albedo, thermal inertia, surface moisture, and aerosol heating. However, Kuwait's morphological (i.e., building geometry) characteristics, according to urban canyon-heat island theory, should have promoted a 7 ^circC heat island in Kuwait City. A test of this theory revealed no such heat island of that magnitude. One major reason relates to station network inadequacy to portray the extent of Kuwait City's heat island development through time. More research, including modeling and field station sampling, is required to examine the nature of this arid land city's effect on local climate.

Nasrallah, Hasan Ali

55

Kuwait poised for massive well kill effort  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports that full scale efforts to extinguish Kuwait's oil well fires are to begin. The campaign to combat history's worst oil fires, originally expected to begin in mid-March, has been hamstrung by logistical problems, including delays in equipment deliveries caused by damage to Kuwait's infrastructure. Meantime, production from a key field off Kuwait--largely unaffected by the war--is expected to resume in May, but Kuwaiti oil exports will still be hindered by damaged onshore facilities. In addition, Kuwait is lining up equipment and personnel to restore production from its heavily damaged oil fields. Elsewhere in the Persian Gulf, Saudi Arabia reports progress in combating history's worst oil spills but acknowledges a continuing threat.

Not Available

1991-04-08

56

How postcapping put Kuwait`s wells back onstream  

SciTech Connect

In late february 1991, the retreating Iraqi army blew up, or otherwise caused to blowout, some 700 wells in Kuwait. Between March and November, all of the fires were extinguished and the wells were capped. Work began in July 1991 to recomplete the damaged wells with replaced or reworked tubulars and well heads so that production could be resumed. Except for some of the earlier-capped wells into which cement was pumped, thus requiring more extensive downhole work, many of the damaged wells, particularly in Burgan field, were put back into production mode by the procedure described here, which became known as postcapping. This paper describes the equipment and techniques used in postcapping damaged wellheads.

Wilson, D. [ABB Vetco Gray Inc., Houston, TX (United States)

1994-01-01

57

Cyclone Gonu storm surge in Oman  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Super Cyclone Gonu is the strongest tropical cyclone on record in the Arabian Sea. Gonu caused coastal damage due to storm surge and storm wave impact as well as wadi flooding. High water marks, overland flow depths, and inundation distances were measured in the coastal flood zones along the Gulf of Oman from 1 to 4 August 2007. The high water marks peaked at Ras al-Hadd at the eastern tip of Oman exceeding 5 m. The storm surge of Gonu is modeled using the Advanced Circulation Model (ADCIRC). The multi-hazard aspect is analyzed by comparing observations from Cyclone Gonu with the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami.

Fritz, Hermann M.; Blount, Christopher D.; Albusaidi, Fawzi B.; Al-Harthy, Ahmed Hamoud Mohammed

2010-01-01

58

Laboratory investigations of compatibility of the Kuwait Group aquifer, Kuwait, with possible injection waters  

Microsoft Academic Search

A laboratory investigation of the compatibility of the Kuwait Group aquifer of Kuwait with desalinated seawater and reverse osmosis processed treated wastewater was carried out in anticipation of the artificial recharge of the aquifer in future. Even with the use of wax coating and freezing with liquid nitrogen, no core plugs could be extracted from the unconsolidated sections, and only

A. Mukhopadhyay; E. Al-Awadi; R. Oskui; K. Hadi; F. Al-Ruwaih; M. Turner; A. Akber

2004-01-01

59

Proposed artificial recharge studies in northern Qatar  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The aquifer system in northern Qatar comprises a water-table aquifer in the Rus Formation which is separated by an aquitard from a partially confined aquifer in the top of the overlying Umm er Radhuma Formation. These two aquifers are composed of limestone and dolomite of Eocene and Paleocene age and contain a fragile lens of freshwater which is heavily exploited as a source of water for agricultural irrigation. Net withdrawals are greatly in excess of total recharge, and quality of ground water is declining. Use of desalinated seawater for artificial recharge has been proposed for the area. Artificial recharge, on a large scale, could stabilize the decline in ground-water quality while allowing increased withdrawals for irrigation. The proposal appears technically feasible. Recharge should be by injection to the Umm er Radhuma aquifer whose average transmissivity is about 2,000 meters squared per day (as compared to an average of about 200 meters squared per day for the Rus aquifer). Implementation of artificial recharge should be preceded by a hydrogeologic appraisal. These studies should include test drilling, conventional aquifer tests, and recharge-recovery tests at four sites in northern Qatar. (USGS)

Kimrey, J. O.

1985-01-01

60

Kuwait-USA Coalition Communications During Operation Desert Thunder.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper presents information about communication support provided during Operation Desert Thunder, joint training with the Kuwait Land Forces (KLF) communication team, and recommendations for future United States-Kuwait communication operations to impr...

H. Al-Sewaji S. S. Lawrence

1999-01-01

61

Persian Gulf States: Issues for U.S. Policy, 2006.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The U.S.-led war to overthrow Saddam Hussein has virtually ended Iraq's ability to militarily threaten the region, but it has produced new and unanticipated security challenges for the Persian Gulf states (Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, Oman, and t...

K. Katzman

2006-01-01

62

Planning and design of the Gulf States interconnection  

Microsoft Academic Search

On May 25, 1981, the six Arab state of Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) formally ratified the charter of the organization named Co-operation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf. This has become more popularly known as the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC). In the mid 1980s, the integration of the electric systems

J. Al Alawi; S. Sud; D. McGillis

1994-01-01

63

Assessment of drivers' comprehension of traffic signs based on their traffic, personal and social characteristics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between drivers' personal characteristics and their comprehension of posted signs is investigated in this study. The characteristics considered here include: experience, accident per experience ratio, age, marital status, sex type, nationality, educational background and monthly income. The populations sampled are from Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar and United Arab Emirates. A total of 28 posted signs were considered.On an

Hashim Al-Madani; Abdul-Rahman Al-Janahi

2002-01-01

64

The unstable Gulf, Threats from within  

SciTech Connect

Martin offers an analysis of disputes along the borders of countries in the Persian Gulf region and a description of the religious, ethnic, and ideological tensions among the peoples. The pros and cons of various options for protecting American interests are outlined. The discussion covers Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, North and South Yemen, Oman, Soudi Arabia, U.A.E., Bahrain, and Qatar.

Martin, L.G.

1984-01-01

65

University Library Development in the Arab Gulf Region: A Survey and Analysis of Six State University Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study of state university libraries in Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates provides information on library organization and analysis of collections, services, staffing, budgeting, expenditures, automation, and information technology. Suggests further research is needed in collections, services and…

Zehery, Mohamed H.

1997-01-01

66

Selected Bibliography of Arab Educational Materials Vol. 2, No. 1, 1977.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A total of 176 English language notations of books, articles, and government publications about education in 11 Arab countries are contained in this bibliography. Drawing from materials published in 1977, the bibliography examines education for all age groups and ability levels in Egypt, Bahrain, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia,…

Al-Ahram Center for Scientific Translations, Cairo (Egypt).

67

Coordinated Economic Development and the Information Network.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a discussion of some of the problems that the Advisory Organization for Gulf Industries (AOGI) will face when it undertakes (1) to organize both an information center (node) that will serve the information needs of the Gulf States of Iraq, Kuwait, Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Oman; and (2) to compile an…

Easton, D. K.

68

Selected Bibliography of Arab Educational Materials, Vol. 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One hundred fifty-four English language annotations of books, articles, and government publications about education in 11 Arab countries are contained in this bibliography. Drawing from materials published in 1976, the bibliography examines education for all age groups and ability levels in Egypt, Bahrain, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi…

Al-Ahram Center for Scientific Translations, Cairo (Egypt).

69

Population, Labour and Education Dilemmas Facing GCC States at the Turn of the Century.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study describes and analyzes certain population, labor, and education issues in oil monarchies of the Persian Gulf. The countries profiled are Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates (also known as the GCC [Gulf Cooperation Council] countries). Since the discovery of oil, these countries transformed themselves…

Kapiszewski, Andrzej

70

Higher Education and Development in the Lower Gulf States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The complex issues concerning expansion of higher education in the smaller states bordering the Persian Gulf (Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain, United Arab Emirates, and Oman) are examined, including who provides higher education and why, cultural vs. national identity, the role of mass education, and the difference between growth and development. (MSE)

Shaw, K. E.

1993-01-01

71

Environmental Engineering Education (E3) in the Gulf Co-Operation Countries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The six members of the Gulf Co-operation Countries (GCC)--Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates--are facing enormous environmental challenges associated with rapid urbanisation and industrialisation, especially in the last three decades, due to its role as a global hydrocarbon energy centre. None of these…

Jassim, Majeed; Coskuner, Gulnur

2007-01-01

72

Books about the Middle East for Children and Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bibliography comprises a list of 236 reviewed children's books about the Middle East. All books were published since 1970 in the United States. For the purpose of this document the countries of the Middle East number 16: Bahrain, Cyprus, Iraq, Iran, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkey, United Arab…

Kuntz, Patricia

73

Origin of sulfate in barite and calcite cements in the Jebel Madar salt dome (Oman)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Jebel Madar is a 500-m high mountain rising in the desert at the Oman Foothills. The Jebel consists of Triassic to Cretaceous carbonate host rocks forming the carapace of a salt dome. Halokinesis caused major fracturing and faulting at Jebel Madar, and the resulting structures acted as the main pathways for fluids that generated diagenetic cements composed of both barite and calcite. The spatial distribution of calcite and barite occurrences shows that calcite is formed in large abundance along the three main faults, whereas barite is more concentrated along faults further away from the three main ones. The stable carbon and oxygen isotope composition of calcite and fluid inclusion data from both calcite and barite show a distinct evolution of the fluid with a highly saline component towards more mixing with meteoric water. This is in agreement with clumped isotopes data on calcite cements indicating an evolution towards lower temperatures, consistent with doming of the Jebel and greater input of lower-temperature descending meteoric fluids. Here, we present sulphur and oxygen isotopic data on barite that suggest a link between the barite formation and the Precambrian salt underlying Jebel Madar. The average ?34S measured in barite is 33‰ CDT (1? = 5‰; n = 33), which falls at the lower end of the ?34S range reported for the Ara Group anhydrite. The average ?18O in the same barite samples is 23‰ VSMOW (1? = 2‰; n = 33). Data from the barite will be compared with sulphur isotopes from the carbonate-associate sulfate in the calcite cements. The overall goal of our research is to gain a better insight in the formation process of barite and calcite in Jebel Madar and its link with salt tectonics. We would like to acknowledge the financial support of QCCSRC (funded jointly by Qatar Petroleum, Shell and the Qatar Science & Technology Park) and the GSA Laubach fund for this study.

Vandeginste, V.; John, C. M.; Gilhooly, W. P.

2012-12-01

74

76 FR 72173 - Circular Welded Carbon-Quality Steel Pipe From India, the Sultanate of Oman, the United Arab...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the Sultanate of Oman, the United Arab Emirates, and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam...Pipe from India, Oman, the United Arab Emirates, and Vietnam, dated October 26, 2011...Oman (``Oman''), the United Arab Emirates (``the UAE''), and the...

2011-11-22

75

76 FR 78615 - Circular Welded Carbon-Quality Steel Pipe From India, the Sultanate of Oman, the United Arab...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the Sultanate of Oman, the United Arab Emirates, and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam...Oman (``Oman''), The United Arab Emirates (``the UAE''), and the Socialist...the Sultanate of Oman, the United Arab Emirates, and the Socialist Republic of...

2011-12-19

76

Gravity profiles across the Samail Ophiolite, Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

Four hundred and sixty gravity stations have been established over the Samail ophiolite and adjacent units exposed in the Oman Mountains. The Bouguer anomaly pattern follows more or less parallel to ophiolite exposures. Along the coastal areas the Bouguer anomaly values range from +20 to +140 mGal and increase northward. Four gravity profiles across the ophiolite are correlated with known

Murli H. Manghnani; Robert G. Coleman

1981-01-01

77

Gravity Profiles Across the Samail Ophiolite, Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

Four hundred and sixty gravity stations have been established over the Samail ophiolite and adjacent units exposed in the Oman Mountains. The Bouguer anomaly pattern follows more or less parallel to ophiolite exposures. Along the coastal areas the Bouguer anomaly values range from +20 to + 140 mGal and increase northward. Four gravity profiles across the ophiolite are correlated with

Murli H. Manghnani; Robert G. Coleman

1981-01-01

78

English Language Teaching Profile: Sultanate of Oman.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This profile in outline form of the English language teaching situation in the Sultanate of Oman examines the role of English in society and in the educational system. The predominance of English as the most important foreign language is noted, and its status as a compulsory subject in elementary and secondary school is discussed. The composition…

British Council, London (England). English-Teaching Information Centre.

79

Ambivalent Journey: Teacher Career Paths in Oman  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the career paths of 625 university graduates who prepared to be secondary school teachers in Oman, their assessment of their current work situation, and the extent to which their initial commitment to teaching was related to their subsequent career satisfaction and intention to remain in teaching. While nearly all graduates…

Chapman, David W.; Al-Barwani, Thuwayba; Al Mawali, Fathiya; Green, Elizabeth

2012-01-01

80

Clinical relevance of nontuberculous Mycobacteria, Oman.  

PubMed

Little is known about the clinical relevance of nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) in the Arabian Peninsula. We assessed the prevalence and studied a random sample of isolates at a reference laboratory in Muscat, Oman. NTM cause disease in this region, and their prevalence has increased. PMID:19193276

Al-Mahruqi, Sara H; van-Ingen, Jakko; Al-Busaidy, Suleiman; Boeree, Martin J; Al-Zadjali, Samiya; Patel, Arti; Richard-Dekhuijzen, P N; van-Soolingen, Dick

2009-02-01

81

Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons in marine biota and coastal sediments from the Gulf and the Gulf of Oman.  

PubMed

The composition and spatial distribution of aliphatic and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were investigated in biota and coastal sediments from four countries surrounding the Gulf (Bahrain, Qatar, United Arab Emirates and Oman). The levels of total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH), aliphatic unresolved mixture and PAHs in sediments and biota were relatively low compared to world-wide locations reported to be chronically contaminated by oil. Only in the case of the sediments collected near the BAPCO oil refinery in Bahrain, having concentrations of 779 microg g(-1) total petroleum hydrocarbon equivalents and 6.6 microg g(-1) Sigma PAHs, can they be categorized as chronically contaminated. Some evidence of oil contamination was also apparent in sediments and bivalves around Akkah Head and Abu Dhabi in the UAE, and near Mirbat in Oman. Contaminant patterns in sediments and biota indicated that the PAHs were mainly from fossil sources, with the exception of the high PAH concentrations in sediments near the BAPCO refinery that contained substantial concentrations of carcinogenic PAH combustion products. PMID:16038948

Tolosa, Imma; de Mora, Stephen J; Fowler, Scott W; Villeneuve, Jean-Pierre; Bartocci, Jean; Cattini, Chantal

2005-12-01

82

Analysis of seismic events in and near Kuwait  

SciTech Connect

Seismic data for events in and around Kuwait were collected and analyzed. The authors estimated event moment, focal mechanism and depth by waveform modeling. Results showed that reliable seismic source parameters for events in and near Kuwait can be estimated from a single broadband three-component seismic station. This analysis will advance understanding of earthquake hazard in Kuwait.

Harris, D B; Mayeda, K M; Rodgers, A J; Ruppert, S D

1999-05-11

83

Spectral analysis of HIV seropositivity among migrant workers entering Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: There is paucity of published data on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seroprevalence among migrant workers entering Middle-East particularly Kuwait. We took advantage of the routine screening of migrants for HIV infection, upon arrival in Kuwait from the areas with high HIV prevalence, to 1) estimate the HIV seroprevalence among migrant workers entering Kuwait and to 2) ascertain if any

Saeed Akhtar; Hameed GHH Mohammad

2008-01-01

84

Oil and gas developments in Middle East in 1982  

SciTech Connect

Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1982 totaled 4,499,464,000 bbl (an average rate of 12,162,915 BOPD), down 21.5% from 1981. Increases were in Iraq, Iran, and Oman. Significant decreases occurred in Kuwait, Divided Neutral Zone, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, and Abu Dhabi. New discoveries were reported in Oman, Syria, Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Iran, and Saudi Arabia.

Hemer, D.O.; Hatch, G.C.

1983-10-01

85

Petroleum developments in Middle East countries in 1979  

SciTech Connect

Petroleum production in Middle East countries in 1979 totaled 7,779,619,000 bbl at an average rate of 21,314,024 b/d, up 0.4% from 1978. Principal increases were in Iraq, Kuwait, Divided Neutral Zone, and Saudi Arabia. Significant new discoveries were made in Saudi Arabia, Oman, and Abu Dhabi. New areas were explored in Oman, Syria, offshore South Yemen, Dubai, and Qatar.

Hemer, D.O. (Mobile Oil Corp., New York, NY); Mason, J.F.; Hatch, G.C.

1980-11-01

86

Prevalence, demographics and clinical characteristics of multiple sclerosis in Qatar.  

PubMed

No published epidemiologic data on multiple sclerosis (MS) in Qatar exist. Our objectives were to determine the prevalence, demographics and clinical characteristics of MS in the Middle Eastern country of Qatar. We analyzed data for Qatari MS patients fulfilling the McDonald diagnostic criteria. A total of 154 patients fulfilled the inclusion criteria. On 31 April 2010, the crude prevalence of MS in Qatar was 64.57 per 100,000 inhabitants (95% CI: 58.31-70.37). The female-to-male ratio was 1.33:1. A positive family history was found in 10.4% of included MS patients. We conclude that Qatar is now a medium-to-high risk area for MS, with some important differences in clinical characteristics as compared to other countries in the region. PMID:22968545

Deleu, Dirk; Mir, Danial; Al Tabouki, Ahmed; Mesraoua, Rim; Mesraoua, Boulenouar; Akhtar, Naveed; Al Hail, Hassan; D'souza, Atlantic; Melikyan, Gayane; Imam, Yahia Z B; Osman, Yasir; Elalamy, Osama; Sokrab, Tageldin; Kamran, Sadaat; Ruiz Miyares, Francisco; Ibrahim, Faiza

2013-05-01

87

The Pattern of Female Nuptiality in Oman  

PubMed Central

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine Omani patterns of female nuptiality, including the timing of marriage and determinants of age at a woman’s first marriage. Methods: The study utilised data from the 2000 Oman National Health Survey. Univariate, bivariate, and multivariate statistical methods, including logistic regression analysis, were used for data analysis. Results: One of the most important aspects of the marriage pattern in Oman is the high prevalence of consanguineous marriages, as more than half (52%) of the total marriages in Oman are consanguineous. First cousin unions are the most common type of consanguineous unions, constituting 39% of all marriages and 75% of all consanguineous marriages. About 11% of the marriages are polygynous. Early and universal marriage is still highly prevalent in Oman. Three-quarters (75%) of married women respondents aged 20–44 years were married by age 20, with their median age at their first wedding being 16 years. However, women’s average age upon marriage is gradually increasing. The change is especially apparent in more recent marriages or among younger cohorts of women, and for certain socio-cultural groups. Multivariate analysis identified female education, age cohort, residential status, region of residence, types of marriage, and employment as strong predictors of Omani women’s age at marriage. Conclusion: The growing number of young adults, accompanied by their tendency to delay marriage, may have serious demographic, social, economic, and political ramifications for Oman, highlighting the need to understand the new situation of youth, their unique characteristics, and their interests and demands. Culturally appropriate policies need to be implemented to address the issues and challenges of unmarried young adults.

Islam, M. Mazharul; Dorvlo, Atsu S.; Al-Qasmi, Ahmed M.

2013-01-01

88

Calibration of seismic wave propagation in Kuwait  

SciTech Connect

The Kuwait Institute of Scientific Research (KISR), the USGS and LLNL are collaborating to calibrate seismic wave propagation in Kuwait and surrounding regions of the northwest Arabian Gulf using data from the Kuwait National Seismic Network (KNSN). Our goals are to develop local and regional propagation models for locating and characterizing seismic events in Kuwait and portions of the Zagros mountains close to Kuwait. The KNSN consists of 7 short-period stations and one broadband (STS-2) station. Constraints on the local velocity structure may be derived from joint inversions for hypocenters of local events and the local velocity model, receiver functions from three-component observations of teleseisms, and surface wave phase velocity estimated from differential dispersion measurements made across the network aperture. Data are being collected to calibrate travel-time curves for the principal regional phases for events in the Zagros mountains. The available event observations span the distance range from approximately 2.5 degrees to almost 9 degrees. Additional constraints on structure across the deep sediments of the Arabian Gulf will be obtained from long-period waveform modeling.

Al-Awadhi, J; Endo, E; Fryall, F; Harris, D; Mayeda, K; Rodgers, A; Ruppert, S; Sweeney, J

1999-07-23

89

A preliminary report on the distribution of lizards in Qatar.  

PubMed

We have updated the list of the lizard species present in Qatar and produced the first distribution maps based on two field surveys in 2012 and 2013. We used the QND95/Qatar National Grid with a grid of 10 × 10 km squares for mapping. Our results show the occurrence of 21 lizard species in Qatar, from the 15 species indicated in the last biodiversity report conducted in 2004. The most abundant family found in Qatar is Gekkonidae with nine species (Bunopus tuberculatus, Cyrtopodion scabrum, Hemidactylus robustus, H. flaviviridis, H. persicus, Stenodactylus arabicus, S. slevini, S. doriae, Pseudoceramodactylus khobarensis), followed by Lacertidae with four species (Acanthodactylus schmidti, A. opheodurus, Mesalina brevirostris, M. adramitana), Agamidae with three species (Trapelus flavimaculatus, Uromastyx aegyptia, Phrynocephalus arabicus), Scincidae with two species (Scincus mitranus, Trachylepis septemtaeniata), and Varanidae (Varanus griseus), Sphaerodactylidae (Pristurus rupestris) and Trogonophiidae (Diplometopon zarudnyi) with one species each. The species richness fluctuated largely across Qatar between one and eleven species per grid square. We believe that the lizard fauna records in Qatar are still incomplete and that additional studies are required. However, our study here fills a gap concerning lizard biodiversity knowledge in the Gulf Region. PMID:24493961

Cog?lniceanu, Dan; Castilla, Aurora M; Valdeón, Aitor; Gosá, Alberto; Al-Jaidah, Noora; Alkuwary, Ali; Saifelnasr, Essam O H; Mas-Peinado, Paloma; Richer, Renee; Al-Hemaidi, Ahmad Amer Mohd

2014-01-01

90

Uncommon opportunistic yeast bloodstream infections from Qatar.  

PubMed

Eleven uncommon yeast species that are associated with high mortality rates irrespective of antifungal therapy were isolated from 17/187 (201 episodes) pediatric and elderly patients with fungemia from Qatar. The samples were taken over a 6-year period (January 2004-December 2010). Isolated species included Kluyveromyces marxianus, Lodderomyces elongisporus, Lindnera fabianii, Candida dubliniensis, Meyerozyma guilliermondii, Candida intermedia, Pichia kudriavzevii, Yarrowia lipolytica, Clavispora lusitaniae, Candida pararugosa, and Wickerhamomyces anomalus. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry provided correct identifications compared with molecular analysis testing of the same isolates. Low minimal inhibitory concentrations were found when isavuconazole and voriconazole were used for all uncommon yeast species evaluated in this study. Resistance to antifungal drugs was low and remained restricted to a few species. PMID:24934803

Taj-Aldeen, Saad J; AbdulWahab, Atqah; Kolecka, Anna; Deshmukh, Anand; Meis, Jacques F; Boekhout, Teun

2014-07-01

91

Kuwait pressing toward preinvasion oil production capacity  

SciTech Connect

Oil field reconstruction is shifting focus in Kuwait as the country races toward prewar production capacity of 2 million b/d. Oil flow last month reached 1.7 million b/d, thanks largely to a massive workover program that has accomplished about as much as it can. By midyear, most of the 19 rigs in Kuwait will be drilling rather than working over wells vandalized by retreating Iraqi troops in February 1991. Seventeen gathering centers are at work, with capacities totaling 2.4 million b/d, according to state-owned Kuwait Oil Co. (KOC). This article describes current work, the production infrastructure, facilities strategy, oil recovery, well repairs, a horizontal pilot project, the drilling program, the constant reminders of war, and heightened tensions.

Tippee, B.

1993-03-15

92

Kuwait summons more fire fighting teams  

SciTech Connect

Kuwait is calling in more muscle to help kill its wild wells. This paper reports on the latest action in Kuwait, the leasing of well control contracts to Abel Engineering/Well Control Inc., Houston, and China Petroleum Engineering Construction Co. (CPEC). Abel is the sixth North American well control company called to the scene, while CPEC is the first summoned from the East. In addition, the service responsible for combating well fires and blowouts in the U.S.S.R.'s Azerbaijan oil fields signed an agreement with Kuwait's government, apparently involving a contract valued at more than $100 million, to extinguish fires at 150 Kuwaiti wells, reported Eastern Bloc Energy, a publication of Eastern Bloc Research Ltd., Newton Kyme, U.K. More help likely is on the way.

Not Available

1991-08-05

93

Oil, development, and the environment in Kuwait  

SciTech Connect

As Kuwait transforms itself into a modern industrial economy, the nation faces a number of environmental challenges. With rapid modernization and dramatic increases in population come threats to Kuwait's desert and coastal ecosystems. In the past 15 years both government agencies and private organizations have been formed to develop environmental strategies, promote conservation, combat pollution, and improve the public's environmental awareness. The organizations described here are working to encourage regional cooperation on environmental issues and to ensure that development policies at all levels - local, regional, and international - are not only economically prudent but also environmentally sound.

Shuaib, H.A.

1988-07-01

94

Seroepidemiology of hepatitis A virus in Kuwait  

PubMed Central

AIM: To find the current seroepidemiology of hepatitis A virus (HAV) in Kuwait. METHODS: A total of 2851 Kuwaitis applying for new jobs were screened. RESULTS: HAV-positive cases were 28.8%; 59% were males and 41% were females. The highest prevalence was in the Ahmadi area. High prevalence was among the group of non-educated rather than educated parents. This is the first study in Kuwait demonstrating the shifting epidemiology of HAV. CONCLUSION: This study reflects the need of the Kuwaiti population for an HAV vaccine.

Alkhalidi, Jameela; Alenezi, Bader; Al-mufti, Seham; Hussain, Entisar; Askar, Haifa; Kemmer, Nyingi; Neff, Guy W

2009-01-01

95

Martian Meteorite Discovered in Oman Desert  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A fist-sized meteorite with a mineralogy and isotopic signature suggesting Martian origin has been discovered by Swiss researchers in the Sayh al Uhaymir region of desert in Oman. On June 15, scientists at the University of Bern announced their finding of the Martian meteorite, named Sayh al Uhaymir 094 and one of only eighteen known on Earth. Only recently have scientists been combing the deserts for Martian meteorites; previously they were collected mainly from the Antarctic. Finding these rare rocks from Mars is an exciting and inexpensive way to collect data, including information on possible water or life, from the Red Planet. This week's In the News takes a look at the Oman discovery and Martian meteorites in general.

Sanders, Hilary C.

2001-01-01

96

Cyanobacterial Soil Crust Distribution in the State of Qatar  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Despite the importance of biological soils crusts (BSCs) to ecosystem function, the distribution of BSCs in Qatar have not been documented. We sought to document terrestrial BSC coverage for the State of Qatar using a transect system to sample 91 (10 km X 10 km) blocks accounting for 80% of the landmass of the country. Smooth crusts were found to contain Microcoleus species, while hypolithic communities had unicellular cyanobacteria and filamentous Oscillatoriaceae. Biological soil crust coverage ranged from 0% to 87%, with a gradient in coverage from north to south. This gradient correlated with corresponding patterns of rainfall, soil type and topographical features. Overall country coverage is 26% comparable to value found in the Kalahari desert in southern Africa and other desert regions. The predominance of high BSC coverage areas in the northern half of Qatar may be attributed to soil composition and water availability. Qatar is characterized by shallow, natural depressions. These depressions predominate in the northern half of Qatar and may facilitate BSC development by affecting soil composition and water pooling. The southern area of the country shows little BSC coverage, which may be attributed to the predominance of sand (i.e. mobile surface substrate) which inhibits the formation of BSCs. The southwestern area of Qatar is characterized by an alluvial fan system with quartz pebbles being common. While BSC mat formation was not common in these areas, hypolithic cyanobacteria located on quartz was present. The current rate of development and development related disturbance in Qatar may threaten biological soil crusts, with larger ecosystem impacts. Disturbance of the soil surface has been shown to destroy current BSCs and inhibit the development of new BSCs. Destruction of BSC organisms is important to consider since they provide both carbon and nitrogen which support the larger plant community and reduce wind and water erosion. In addition, disturbance of the soil during construction activities may result in aerosolization of cyanobacteria and associated toxins.

Richer, R. A.; Anchassi, D.; El Assad, I.; El Matbouly, M.; Fares, F.; Metcalf, J.; Makki, I.

2009-12-01

97

Indirect Effects of Salinity and Temperature on Kuwait’s Shrimp Stocks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discharge of the Shatt Al-Arab is believed to be a dominating component of the northern Arabian Gulf’s ecology and largely\\u000a responsible for productivity of Kuwait’s fisheries. With major construction of dams on the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers in\\u000a Turkey, river discharge has been substantially reduced, and flooding essentially eliminated. We attempted to relate river\\u000a flow and shrimp landings indirectly by

James Marcus Bishop; Weizhong Chen; Adel Hasan Alsaffar; Hussain Mahmoud Al-Foudari

98

Hydrographic Variability off the Coast of Oman  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Data from hydrographic transects made in 2001 and 2002 and between 2007 and 2009 were obtained from the Oman Ministry of Fisheries Wealth. Property-depth plots of temperature, salinity, and dissolved oxygen were produced for all transects and in all months for which data were available. These were analyzed for temporal and spatial variability. For all transects, there exist large variability on various timescales, with strong spatial variability. Two common features that are seen in the hydrographic data sets are the Persian Gulf Water (PGW) and a layer of continuous low oxygen concentrations in the lower part of the water column. Plots of salinity produced for transects located in the northern part of the Gulf of Oman show a one-unit increase in salinity of the water at the bottom of deepest station during the months of August and September as compared to the other months. Similarly, cross-shelf contour plots of temperature shows an increase in water temperature near the bottom station during the months of August and September. These indicate the presence of the PGW outflow in the northern part of the Gulf of Oman. For dissolved oxygen distributions, hydrographic transects that did not extend far offshore show monthly differences in the presence of water with low oxygen concentrations. For transects that do extend far offshore and also show a layer of low oxygen water throughout the year, there is generally a monthly difference on whether this water is found close to the surface or deeper in the water column. The variability seen in the data could only be explained by comparing these data to data collected from the real time cable ocean observing system installed by Lighthouse R &D Enterprise in the Oman Sea and the Arabian Sea in 2005. The analysis of these data reveal that the variability observed is related to processes such as ocean conditions, monsoonal cycle, and extreme weather events.

Belabbassi, L.; Dimarco, S. F.; Jochens, A. E.; Al Gheilani, H.; Wang, Z.

2010-12-01

99

Automation in a Special Library in Kuwait.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traces introduction of automation in National Scientific and Technical Information Center, Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, highlighting online applications in English and Arabic. Systems developed (bibliographic control, union lists, circulation control, indexes) and use of STAIRS storage and retrieval system for integrated databases are…

Khalid, Farooq A.

1983-01-01

100

Trace metals in marine sediments of Kuwait  

SciTech Connect

The report presents the results of analyses for ten trace metals (Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Hg, Mn, Ni, Pb, V and Zn) in marine surface sediments from Kuwait and discusses the effect of grain size and total organic content on the observed concentrations of these metals. (JMT)

Anderlini, V.C. (Kuwait Inst. for Scientific Research); Mohammad, O.S.; Zarba, M.A.; Fowler, S.W.; Miramand, P.

1982-01-01

101

Diversity in the Mideast; Kuwait and Yemen  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports on two types of action which mark oil industry activity at opposite ends of the Arabian Peninsula. In Kuwait, the astounding achievements of firefighting teams have captured world headlines. Some 1,200 miles to the south, Yemen is establishing itself as a center for exploration and production.

Vielvoye, R.

1991-12-02

102

Factors Affecting Students' Retention at Kuwait University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses the factors that affect students' retention at Kuwait University. Five hundred seventy students participated in the study. A survey of 22 retention factors was designed to measure student perceptions. Students presented their agreement on factors which included: achieving personal aspiration, getting jobs, free-of-charge…

AlKandari, Nabila

2008-01-01

103

Would Rethinking Learning Disabilities Benefit Kuwait?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning disabilities education in Kuwait grew from Kuwaiti's wholesale importation of the Western, medical model of disability--a model basically incompatible with Kuwaiti culture. Conflicting factors include its problematic normal/abnormal binary, its assumption that the "deficit" is located in the student and the segregation of students by…

Bazna, Maysaa; Reid, D. Kim

2009-01-01

104

New Perspectives on Teacher Education in Kuwait  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief paper is part of a larger research project which examined the historical background of teaching in the Kuwaiti educational system before and after the Gulf War in 1990 in order to propose a new perspective on teacher education in Kuwait, particularly with regard to religious education. The author is interested in whether others have a…

Al-Sharaf, Adel

2006-01-01

105

Novel Bluetongue Virus Serotype from Kuwait  

PubMed Central

Sheep and goats sampled in Kuwait during February 2010 were seropositive for bluetongue virus (BTV). BTV isolate KUW2010/02, from 1 of only 2 sheep that also tested positive for BTV by real-time reverse transcription–PCR, caused mild clinical signs in sheep. Nucleotide sequencing identified KUW2010/02 as a novel BTV serotype.

Maan, Sushila; Maan, Narender S.; Nomikou, Kyriaki; Batten, Carrie; Antony, Frank; Belaganahalli, Manjunatha N.; Samy, Attia Mohamed; Abdel Reda, Ammar; Al-Rashid, Sana Ahmed; El Batel, Maha; Oura, Chris A.L.

2011-01-01

106

Mobile Phone Usage Behavior of University Students in Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to study the mobile phone usage behavior of university students in Oman. A survey was conducted in Muscat and Sohar cities of Oman where 200 students were contacted using questionnaires and interview methods. Students in higher educational institutions were covered and hypotheses about mobile services usage among students were formulated and tested on different

Rakesh Belwal; Shweta Belwal

2009-01-01

107

The Emergence of Libraries in the Sultanate of Oman.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes developments in library services that took place in Oman from 1970-90 and discusses the current status of library development. Topics discussed include the rapid social and economic development in Oman, the lack of human and physical resources, the lack of a national library, and deficiencies in school libraries. (five references) (LRW)

Karim, Bakri Musa A.

1991-01-01

108

The Implementation of NVQs in the Sultanate of Oman  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains that the Sultanate of Oman is the only country in the world, other than the UK, to have adopted the national vocational qualification NVQ as its national system for vocational training. Assesses the extent to which centres in Oman have been successful in implementing the NVQ, and the extent to which the NVQ has contributed towards…

Wilkins, Stephen

2002-01-01

109

INFECTIOUS AND TROPICAL DISEASES IN OMAN: A REVIEW  

Microsoft Academic Search

Oman is generally hot and dry, but the Salalah region in southern Dhofar province is relatively cool and rainy during the summer monsoon, and has a distinctive pattern of infection. Important, notifiable infections in Oman include tuberculosis, brucellosis (endemic in Dhofar), acute gastroenteritis, and viral hepatitis: 4.9% of the adults are seropositive for hepatitis B surface antigen and approximately 1.2%

EUAN M. SCRIMGEOUR; FIRDOSI R. MEHTA; ALI JAFFER; MOHAMMED SULEIMAN

1999-01-01

110

Oil and gas developments in Middle East in 1985  

SciTech Connect

Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1985 totaled 3,837,580,000 bbl (an average rate of 10,513,917 BOPD), down 2.2% from the revised 1984 total of 3,924,034,000 bbl. Iran, Iraq, Dubai, Oman, and Syria had significant increases; Kuwait, Kuwait-Saudi Arabia Divided Neutral Zone, Saudi Arabia, and Qatar had significant decreases. New fields went on production in Iraq, Abu Dhabi, Oman, and Syria. In North Yemen, the first ever oil production in that country was nearing the start-up stage at year end. 9 figures, 9 tables.

Hemer, D.O.; Gohrbandt, K.H.A.

1986-10-01

111

Assessment of Seismic Hazard for the State of Kuwait  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Kuwait considered quiet seismically since it characterized by low level of seismic activities by the world standard. In the last three decades, several earthquakes with magnitude (ML) near and above 4 have occurred in Kuwait. In addition, the Kuwait National Seismic Network (KNSN) recorded several low magnitude earthquakes mostly clustered within the vicinity of the oil fields since March 1997. This clustering within the oil fields indicates a possible association of seismicity with oil production in Kuwait. The seismic hazard map for 10 % probabilities of exceedance in a 50 year period shows that Kuwait has maximum PGA value 10 gal, while the seismic hazard map for 2 % probabilities of exceedance in a 50 year shows that the maximum PGA value 20 gal. The potential sources of hazard in Kuwait is the southwest near by the Minagish, Umm Qudair fields and externally from Zagros Mountain.

Alenezi, A. K.; Sadeq, A.; Abdulfatah, R. M.

2004-12-01

112

Diurnal and nocturnal catchability of Kuwait's commercial shrimps  

Microsoft Academic Search

In descending order of importance, the shrimps Penaeus semisulcatus De Haan, 1844; Metapenaeus affinis (H. Milne-Edwards, 1837); and Parapenaeopsis stylifera (H. Milne-Edwards, 1837) account for over 95% of Kuwait's commercial landings. Throughout its range, P. semisulcatus is nocturnal, but Kuwait trawlers are active 24h a day during season. Historically, all scientific shrimp surveys in Kuwait have been conducted during daylight

J. M. Bishop; Y. Ye; A. H. Alsaffar; H. M. Al-Foudari; S. Al-Jazzaf

2008-01-01

113

Successful operation of a large LPG plant. [Kuwait  

SciTech Connect

The LPG plant located at Mina-Al Ahmadi, Kuwait, is the heart of Kuwait Oil Co.'s massive Gas Project to use the associated gas from Kuwait's oil production. Operation of this three-train plant has been very successful. A description is given of the three process trains consisting of four basic units: extraction, fractionation, product treating, and refrigeration. Initial problems relating to extraction, fractionation, product treating and, refrigeration are discussed. 1 ref.

Shtayieh, S.; Durr, C.A.; McMillan, J.C.; Collins, C.

1982-03-01

114

Oil slicks off the coast of Qatar, Persian Gulf  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A detailed view the port facility of Musay'id on the Qatar Peninsula, United Arab Emirates, Persian Gulf (25.0N, 52.5E). Part of a large oil spill seen as a dark toned mass in the water, covering much of the surface of the western Persian Gulf, has moved offshore in this scene. Qatar is one of several of the oil rich United Arab Emirate states. Oil spills and oil pollution of the environment commonly occur in oil tanker operations.

1983-01-01

115

New Kuwait company spearheads ambitious energy-industry plans  

SciTech Connect

The Kuwaiti Government organized the Kuwait Petroleum Corp. (KPC) in early 1980. KPC, capitalized at the equivalent of $3.7 billion, consists primarily of the Kuwait Oil Co., Kuwait National Petroleum Co., Kuwait Oil Tankers Co., and the Petrochemical Industries Co., which all retain their identity. KPC will be involved in exploration, production, drilling, refining, marketing, transportation, planning, and petrochemicals. Kuwait has built a $1 billion LPG plant at Mina Al-Ahmadi which came on stream in Feb. 1979; the facility has three identical trains with a total gas capacity of 1.68 billion std cu ft/day and a total gas liquids capacity of 197,530 bbl/day, consisting of 101,310 bbl/day of propane, 54,970 bbl/day of butane, and 41,250 bbl/day of natural gasoline. In 1979, Kuwait produced 2,297,508 bbl/day of oil, but on 4/1/80, Kuwait restricted oil production to 1.5 million bbl/day, which will reduce the associated gas and limit the LPG plant to functioning at about half capacity. Kuwait uses approx. 90% of the associated gas it produces. The country is planning to refine at least 50% of its crude output by 1985. New or expanded plants will provide oil refining, sulfur recovery, lubricant oil blending, gasoline manufacturing, and bitumen capacities. Kuwait is also expending its tanker fleet.

Not Available

1980-07-21

116

Mapping the Oman Ophiolite using TM data  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Ophiolite terrains, considered to be the onland occurrences of oceanic crust, host a number of types of mineral deposits: volcanogenic massive sulfides, podiform chromite, and asbestos. Thematic Mapper data for the Semail Ophiolite in Oman were used to separate and map ultramafic lithologies hosting these deposits, including identification of the components of the extrusive volcanic sequence, mapping of serpentinization due to various tectonic processes, and direct identification of gossans. Thematic Mapper data were found to be extremely effective for mapping in this terrain due to the excellent spatial resolution and the presence of spectral bands which allow separation of the pertinent mineralogically caused spectral features associated with the rock types of interest.

Abrams, Michael

1987-01-01

117

Ecological disaster in Kuwait; A burning question  

SciTech Connect

Six million barrels of oil are going up in smoke each day in Kuwait, dumping 3.7 million pounds of toxic gases, soot, and smoke - including cancer-causing compounds - into the air each hour. This paper reports that the prognosis for the situation is dim. Even as specialized firefighting companies from the United States and Canada began arriving in Kuwait in March, oil officials there predicted dousing the fires would take at least two years and pumping up oil production to pre-war levels would take between five and 10 years. An oil well fire is a disaster. The effect on the ozone, the ecology, the marine life is massive. We aren't even breathing air here, we're just breathing smog.

Wray, T.K. (Waste Away Services, Perrysburg, OH (US))

1991-10-01

118

Testing the contestability in Kuwait banking industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The two aims of this paper are: first, to investigate the market structure of Kuwait banking industry and second, to evaluate the monopoly power of banks during the years 1993-2002. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper examines the market structure using the most frequently applied measures of concentration k-bank concentration ratio (CRk) and Herfindahl-Hirschman Index (HHI) and evaluates the monopoly

Saeed Al-Muharrami

2008-01-01

119

Case histories of temperature surveys in Kuwait  

SciTech Connect

Most crude produced in Kuwait is from naturally flowing wells. Casing, tubing, and cement in these wells remain unchanged after completion. This study discusses the major application of temperature surveys in indicating fluid movement both inside and behind the production string, hence locating any holes in the casing. Some significant cases of temperature anomalies are examined qualitatively, and suggestions are made for a more quantitative interpretation of temperature profiles. 9 refs.

Gupta, B.S.

1981-12-01

120

Comments on current environmental events in Kuwait  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article describes and assesses the impact of oil spillage and oil well fires on Kuwait and its surroundings. The marine ecology of the Arabian Gulf is shown to be relatively resistant to damage from oil spillage. The risks of the contamination of thermal desalination plants by oil and oil products are assessed, and remedies are suggested. Air pollution from burning oil wells is described and its consequences are predicted.

Khordagui, Hosny

1991-07-01

121

Redesigning Qatar's Post-Secondary Scholarship System. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At the request of Qatar's Supreme Education Council (SEC), RAND researchers devised a new set of scholarship programs for college-bound Qatari students and proposed the formation of an institute to manage the programs and oversee other post-secondary functions. The suggested system balanced support for local institutions of higher learning with…

Augustine, Catherine H.; Krop, Cathy

2008-01-01

122

Teacher Retention Problem in Girls Primary Schools in Qatar  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Qatar has recently faced a tremendous reform in education that requires changes in many domains and causes a lot of challenges. A very serious challenge is teachers' retention where many teachers tend to leave their schools looking for new jobs. In independent schools as well as governmental schools, teachers switch jobs and therefore schools…

Al. Sabbagh, Samah; Al. Megbali, Aisha

2008-01-01

123

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices, 2001: Qatar.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Qatar, an Arab state on the Persian Gulf, is a monarchy with no constitution or political parties. It is governed by the ruling Al-Thani family through its head, the Amir. The current Amir, Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al-Thani, took power from his father in ...

2002-01-01

124

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices, 2002: Qatar.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Qatar is a monarchy with no constitution or political parties. It is governed by the ruling Al-Thani family through its head, the Amir. The current Amir, Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al-Thani, took power from his father in 1995 with the support of leading bra...

2003-01-01

125

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices, 2003: Qatar.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Qatar is a monarchy governed by the ruling Al Thani family through its head, the Amir Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani, who with the support of other leading families, took power from his father in 1995. The Amir holds power, the exercise of which is inf...

2004-01-01

126

Qatar-1: indications for possible transit timing variations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Aims: Variations in the timing of transiting exoplanets provide a powerful tool for detecting additional planets in the system. Thus, the aim of this paper is to discuss the plausibility of transit timing variations (TTVs) on the Qatar-1 system by means of primary transit light curves analysis. Furthermore, we provide an interpretation of the timing variation. Methods: We observed Qatar-1 between March 2011 and October 2012 using the 1.2 m OLT telescope in Germany and the 0.6 m PTST telescope in Spain. We present 26 primary transits of the hot Jupiter Qatar-1b. In total, our light curves cover a baseline of 18 months. Results: We report on indications for possible long-term TTVs. Assuming that these TTVs are true, we present two different scenarios that could explain them. Our reported ~190 days TTV signal can be reproduced by either a weak perturber in resonance with Qatar-1b, or by a massive body in the brown dwarf regime. More observations and radial velocity monitoring are required to better constrain the perturber's characteristics. We also refine the ephemeris of Qatar-1b, which we find to be T0 = 2456157.42204 ± 0.0001 BJDTDB and P = 1.4200246 ± 0.0000007 days, and improve the system orbital parameters. Tables of the transit observations are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (ftp://130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/555/A92

von Essen, C.; Schröter, S.; Agol, E.; Schmitt, J. H. M. M.

2013-07-01

127

Forensic entomology in Kuwait: The first case report  

Microsoft Academic Search

To date, entomology has not been used in legal investigations in Kuwait. Indeed, this is true of most Arab countries in the Middle East. There are no known studies on necrophagous species in the region, nor any knowledge of cadaver succession with which to compare case material. Here we report the first case of application of forensic entomology in Kuwait.

Hanadi Al-Mesbah; Zarraq Al-Osaimi; Osama M. E. El-Azazy

2011-01-01

128

Autosomal recessive disorders among Arabs: an overview from Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Kuwait has a cosmopolitan population of 1.7 million, mostly Arabs. This population is a mosaic of large and small minorities representing most Arab communities. In general, Kuwait's population is characterized by a rapid rate of growth, large family size, high rates of consanguineous marriages within the Arab communities with low frequency of intermarriage between them, and the presence of genetic

A S Teebi

1994-01-01

129

Hydrogeochemical processes operating within the main aquifers of Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study area, Al-Wafra, is located in the extreme south of Kuwait and occupies an area of 325 km2. The objective of this study was to develop an interpretation and understanding of the geochemical processes and characteristics of the Kuwait Group and Dammam limestone aquifers. Therefore, hydrochemical data comprising the mean values and standard deviations of the major ion concentrations,

A. Saleh; F. Al-Ruwaih; M. Shehata

1999-01-01

130

Construction safety in Kuwait: issues, procedures, problems, and recommendations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The building construction industry plays a major role in the economy of the state of Kuwait. This paper evaluates existing safety regulations, describes safety procedures adopted by owners, designers, contractors and insurance companies, and assesses the suitability of these regulations and procedures for Kuwait's environment and workforce. It also discusses problems associated with enforcing safety regulations at construction sites. Furthermore,

N. A Kartam; P Koushki

2000-01-01

131

Kuwait: Security, Reform, and U.S. Policy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Kuwait has been pivotal to two decades of U.S. efforts to end a strategic threat posed by Iraq and then to stabilize that country in its transition to democracy. Because of its close cooperation with the United States, Kuwait is central to U.S. efforts to...

K. Katzman

2012-01-01

132

Kuwait: Security, Reform, and U.S. Policy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Kuwait has been pivotal to two decades of U.S. efforts to end a strategic threat posed by Iraq. Because of its location and close cooperation with the United States, Kuwait is central to U.S. efforts to remain engaged in the northern Persian Gulf region f...

K. Katzman

2012-01-01

133

Temporal epidemiology of microfilaraemia among migrant workers entering Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: There is paucity of published data on the microfilarial infection among migrants from endemic countries entering Kuwait. The primary objectives of this study were to use routine health surveillance data to i) to estimate the prevalence of microfilarial infection in migrant workers to Kuwait and ii) to determine the occurrence of any time trends in the proportions of microfilaria

Saeed Akhtar; Hameed GHH Mohammad; Edwin Michael

2008-01-01

134

The Incidence of Dyslexia among Young Offenders in Kuwait  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper investigates the incidence of dyslexia among young offenders in Kuwait. A total of 91 children/young adults from 8 juvenile delinquent welfare centres across Kuwait were interviewed and tested. A measure of non-verbal reasoning ability was used to exclude those with low general ability. The remaining 53 participants were tested on their…

Elbeheri, Gad; Everatt, John; Malki, Mohammad Al

2009-01-01

135

Chemical and Physical Properties of Emissions from Kuwait Oil Fires.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

After the Iraqi retreat from Kuwait in 1991, airborne sampling was conducted in the oil fire plumes near Kuwait City and ground-level samples were taken of the air within the city. For the airborne sampling, a versatile air pollution sampler was used to d...

R. Stevens J. Pinto Y. Mamane J. Ondov M. Abdulraheem

1992-01-01

136

Various attempts in greening the state of Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Kuwait is a desert country characterized by harsh climate, poor soils, and scarce water resources. Several attempts have been undertaken to combat desertification in the arid country of Kuwait. These include the emphasis on the native plants through the mass planting of local plants to be further used in the desert rehabilitation, where seeds from the desert are being collected

Majda Khalil Suleiman; Narayana Bhat

2004-01-01

137

The prevalence and causes of blindness in the Sultanate of Oman: the Oman Eye Study (OES)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aims: To estimate the magnitude and the causes of blindness through a community based nationwide survey in Oman. This was conducted in 1996–7.Methods: A stratified cluster random sampling procedure was used to select 12 400 people. The WHO\\/PBD standardised survey methodology was used, with suitable adaptation. The major causes of blindness were identified among those found blind.Results: A total of

R Khandekar; A J Mohammed; A D Negrel; A Al Riyami

2002-01-01

138

76 FR 78313 - Circular Welded Carbon-Quality Steel Pipe From India, Oman, the United Arab Emirates, and Vietnam  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Pipe From India, Oman, the United Arab Emirates, and Vietnam Determinations On the basis...imports from India, Oman, the United Arab Emirates, and Vietnam of circular welded carbon...Governments of India, Oman, the United Arab Emirates, and...

2011-12-16

139

76 FR 72164 - Circular Welded Carbon-Quality Steel Pipe From India, the Sultanate of Oman, the United Arab...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the Sultanate of Oman, the United Arab Emirates, and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam...Robert James (India, the United Arab Emirates, and Vietnam), or Angelica Mendoza...Sultanate of Oman (Oman), the United Arab Emirates (UAE), and the Socialist...

2011-11-22

140

76 FR 68208 - Circular Welded Carbon-Quality Steel Pipe From India, Oman, United Arab Emirates, and Vietnam...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Pipe From India, Oman, United Arab Emirates, and Vietnam; Institution of Antidumping...pipe from India, Oman, United Arab Emirates, and Vietnam, provided for in subheadings...Governments of India, Oman, United Arab Emirates, and Vietnam. Unless the...

2011-11-03

141

75 FR 78338 - Meeting of the United States-Oman Joint Forum on Environmental Cooperation Pursuant to the United...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...7261] Meeting of the United States-Oman Joint Forum on Environmental Cooperation Pursuant to the United States-Oman Memorandum of Understanding on Environmental...Notice of the meeting of the U.S.-Oman Joint Forum on Environmental...

2010-12-15

142

77 FR 64473 - Circular Welded Carbon-Quality Steel Pipe From the Sultanate of Oman: Final Affirmative...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Welded Carbon-Quality Steel Pipe From the Sultanate of Oman: Final Affirmative Countervailing Duty Determination...circular welded pipe'') from the Sultanate of Oman (``Oman''). DATES: Effective Date: October 22,...

2012-10-22

143

A National Strategy for Promoting Physical Activity in Oman  

PubMed Central

The increasing prevalence of chronic disease in Oman is a public health challenge. Available evidence in Oman on physical inactivity, the fourth leading risk factor for chronic disease, calls for urgent action to reduce physical inactivity as part of a key strategy to address chronic disease in Oman. The public health implications of this evidence for Oman are considered in light of recommendations outlined in the Toronto Charter for Physical Activity. The charter provides a systematic approach of physical activity and outlines an action plan that could be adapted to the Omani context. Urgent intersectoral action focusing on a shared goal and a more deliberate public health response addressing physical inactivity is required. Further research is needed on the determinants of physical inactivity and culturally appropriate interventions in order to guide future public health actions.

Mabry, Ruth; Owen, Neville; Eakin, Elizabeth

2014-01-01

144

Atmospheric corrosion of mild steel in Oman  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A systematic study has been made of the initial corrosion products which form on mild steel capons exposed near the coastal region of Oman and at some industrial areas. The phases and compositions of the products formed at different periods of exposure were examined by using Mössbauer spectroscopy (295 and 78 K) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) techniques. The results show that lepidocorcite and maghemite are early corrosion products and goethite starts to form after 2 months of metal exposure to the atmosphere. Akaganeite is an early corrosion product but it forms in marine environments only, which reflects the role of chlorine effect in the atmosphere. The 12 months coupons showed the presence of goethite, lepidocorcite and maghemite, but no akaganeite being seen in the products of one of the studied areas.

Gismelseed, Abbasher; Al-Harthi, S. H.; Elzain, M.; Al-Rawas, A. D.; Yousif, A.; Al-Saadi, S.; Al-Omari, I.; Widatallah, H.; Bouziane, K.

2006-01-01

145

Atmospheric corrosion of mild steel in Oman  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A systematic study has been made of the initial corrosion products which form on mild steel capons exposed near the coastal region of Oman and at some industrial areas. The phases and compositions of the products formed at different periods of exposure were examined by using Mossbauer spectroscopy (295 and 78 K) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) techniques. The results show that lepidocorcite and maghemite are early corrosion products and goethite starts to form after 2 months of metal exposure to the atmosphere. Akaganeite is an early corrosion product but it forms in marine environments only, which reflects the role of chlorine effect in the atmosphere. The 12 months coupons showed the presence of goethite, lepidocorcite and maghemite, but no akaganeite being seen in the products of one of the studied areas.

Gismelseed, Abbasher; Al-Harthi, S. H.; Elzain, M.; Al-Rawas, A. D.; Yousif, A.; Al-Saadi, S.; Al-Omari, I.; Widatallah, H.; Bouziane, K.

146

Shaded relief, color as height, Salalah, Oman  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This elevation map shows a part of the southern coast of the Arabian Peninsula including parts of the countries of Oman and Yemen. The narrow coastal plain on the right side of the image includes the city of Salahlah, the second largest city in Oman. Various crops, including coconuts, papayas and bananas, are grown on this plain. The abrupt topography of the coastal mountains wrings moisture from the monsoon, enabling agriculture in the otherwise dry environment of the Arabian Peninsula. These mountains are historically significant as well: Some scholars believe these mountains are the 'southern mountains' of the book of Genesis.

This image brightness corresponds to shading illumination from the right, while colors show the elevation as measured by the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission. Colors range from green at the lowest elevations to brown at the highest elevations. This image contains about 1400 meters (4600 feet) of total relief. The Arabian Sea is colored blue.

The Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM), launched on February 11, 2000, used the same radar instrument that comprised the Spaceborne Imaging Radar-C/X-Band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SIR-C/X-SAR) that flew twice on the Space Shuttle Endeavour in 1994. The mission was designed to collect three-dimensional measurements of the Earth's surface. To collect the 3-D data, engineers added a 60-meter-long (200-foot) mast, an additional C-band imaging antenna and improved tracking and navigation devices. The mission is a cooperative project between the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the National Imagery and Mapping Agency (NIMA) and the German (DLR) and Italian (ASI)space agencies. It is managed by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, for NASA's Earth Science Enterprise, Washington, DC.

Size: 149 by 40 kilometers (92 by 25 miles) Location: 16.9 deg. North lat., 53.7 deg. East lon. Orientation: North at top right Date Acquired: February 15, 2000 Image: NASA/JPL/NIMA

2000-01-01

147

Seismicity and Improved Velocity Structure in Kuwait  

SciTech Connect

The Kuwait National Seismic Network (KNSN) began operation in 1997 and consists of nine three-component stations (eight short-period and one broadband) and is operated by the Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research. Although the region is largely believed to be aseismic, considerable local seismicity is recorded by KNSN. Seismic events in Kuwait are clustered in two main groups, one in the south and another in the north. The KNSN station distribution is able to capture the southern cluster within the footprint of the network but the northern cluster is poorly covered. Events tend to occur at depths ranging from the free surface to about 20 km. Events in the northern cluster tend to be deeper than those in south, however this might be an artifact of the station coverage. We analyzed KNSN recordings of nearly 200 local events to improve understanding of seismic events and crustal structure in Kuwait, performing several analyses with increasing complexity. First, we obtained an optimized one-dimensional (1D) velocity model for the entire region using the reported KNSN arrival times and routine locations. The resulting model is consistent with a recently obtained model from the joint inversion of receiver functions and surface wave group velocities. Crustal structure is capped by the thick ({approx} 7 km) sedimentary rocks of the Arabian Platform underlain by normal velocities for stable continental crust. Our new model has a crustal thickness of 44 km, constrained by an independent study of receiver functions and surface wave group velocities by Pasyanos et al (2006). Locations and depths of events after relocation with the new model are broadly consistent with those reported by KISR, although a few events move more than a few kilometers. We then used a double-difference tomography technique (tomoDD) to jointly locate the events and estimate three-dimensional (3D) velocity structure. TomoDD is based on hypoDD relocation algorithm and it makes use of both absolute and relative arrival times. We obtained {approx}1500 absolute P and S arrival times and {approx}3200 P and S wave arrival time differences. Event locations do not change greatly when 3D velocity structure is included. Three-dimensional velocity structure, where resolvable, does not differ greatly from our optimized 1D model, indicating that the improved 1D model is adequate for routine event location. Finally, we calculated moment magnitudes, MW, for nearly 155 events using the coda magnitude technique of Mayeda et al., (2003). The fact that most of the relocated events occur below the known sedimentary structures extending to 7 km suggests that they are tectonic in origin. Shallow events within the sedimentary crust in the (southern) Minagish region may be related to oil field activities, although the current study cannot unambiguously determine the source of current seismicity in Kuwait. The improved velocity model reduces the scatter of travel time residuals relative to the locations reported in the KNSN bulletin and may be used for ground motion prediction and hazard estimate studies in Kuwait.

Gok, R M; Rodgers, A J; Al-Enezi, A

2006-01-26

148

Seismicity and Improved Velocity Structure in Kuwait  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Kuwait National Seismic Network (KNSN) began operation in 1997 and consists of nine three-component stations (eight short-period and one broadband). Although the region is largely believed to be aseismic, considerable local seismicity is recorded by KNSN. Seismic events in Kuwait are clustered in two main groups, one in the south and another in the north. The KNSN station distribution is able to capture the southern cluster within the footprint of the network but the northern cluster is poorly covered. We have analyzed KNSN recordings of nearly 200 local events to improve understanding of seismic events and crustal structure in Kuwait, performing several analyses with increasing complexity. First, we obtained an optimized one-dimensional (1D) velocity model for the entire region using the KNSN bulletin locations. We observe a consistency of this model with the model obtained from the joint inversion of receiver function and surface wave group velocities. Crustal structure is capped by the thick (~ 7 km) sedimentary rocks of the Arabian Platform and normal velocities for stable continental crust. We then used a double-difference tomography technique (tomoDD) and the optimized 1D model to jointly locate the events and estimate three-dimensional (3D) structure by tomographic inversion. TomoDD is based on hypoDD relocation algorithm and it makes use of both absolute and relative arrival times. We obtained ~1500 absolute P and S arrival times and ~3200 P and S wave arrival time differences. Finally, we calculated Mw's of nearly 100 events using the coda magnitude technique of Mayeda et al., (2003). Although the current studies will not be able to reveal the source of current seismicity in Kuwait, we obtain a considerable amount of improvement in the velocity model and the reduced scatter of travel time residuals relative to the routine KNSN bulletin. The new velocity model and moment magnitudes will be utilized in ground motion prediction and hazard estimate studies in the region. *This work was performed under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy by the University of California, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory under contract No. W-7405-Eng-48.

Gok, R.; Rodgers, A.; Al-Enezi, A.

2005-12-01

149

The spectrum of bronchial asthma in Kuwait.  

PubMed

Kuwait, situated in the north-west corner of the Arabian Gulf, has an arid climate with very hot dry summers and mild winters. Sandstorms are a regular climatic feature, occurring most frequently in summer. Before the mid-1950s allergy was not considered to be a problem. Since then it has become a major cause of morbidity; 18% of the population are reported to suffer from its manifestations. Over the past 3 years 1000 asthmatic patients attending a central clinic have been carefully studied. The present paper analyses various aspects of the asthmatic condition in this desert country. PMID:6509766

Ellul-Micallef, R; Al-Ali, S

1984-11-01

150

Sizzling Qatar boom sparked by foreign money, technology, and gas  

SciTech Connect

International oil companies have collected advanced upstream and downstream technology and focused it on the small Persian Gulf emirate of Qatar, a roughly 110 mile long by 50 mile wide, thumb-like peninsula that juts out from Saudi Arabia. The emirate, in a burst of enlightened self interest, has opened its doors to international companies and is now riding a wave of foreign investment and new technology to major increases in oil, natural gas, and petrochemical production. The largest natural gas reserve in the world is under Qatari waters and is the driver for the activity that includes two LNG plants. Qatar has proven that you don`t need crude oil in the Persian Gulf to be important. Activities are discussed.

Aalund, L.R.

1998-04-27

151

An option pricing theory explanation of the invasion of Kuwait  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this paper is to explain the invasion of Kuwait by making an analogy between a call option and the Iraq-Kuwait situation before the invasion on August 2, 1990. A number of factors contributed to the issuance of a deep-in-the money European call option to Iraq against Kuwait. The underlying asset is the crude oil reserves under Kuwait. Price of crude oil is determined in world spot markets. The exercise price is equal to the cost of permanently annexing and retaining Kuwait. The volatility is measured by the annualized variance of the weekly rate of return of the spot price of crude oil. Time-to-expiration is equal to the time period between decision date and actual invasion date. Finally, since crude oil prices are quoted in U.S. dollars, the U.S. Treasury bill rate is assumed to be the risk-free rate. In a base-case scenario, Kuwait`s oil reserves amount to 94,500 million barrels valued at $18 a barrell in early February 1990 resulting in a market value of $1,701 billion. Because the cost of the war to Iraq is not known, we assume it is comparable to that of the U.S.-led coalition of $51.0 billion. Time-to-expiration is six months. The treasury bill rate in early 1990 was around 7.5 percent. Annualized standard deviation of weekly rates of return is 0.216. The value of Kuwait`s invasion option is $1,642.25 billion. Depending on the scenario, the value of this special option ranged between $1,450 billion and $3.624 billion. 10 refs., 1 tab.

Muhtaseb, M.R.

1995-12-31

152

Parameterization of turbulence characteristics of Atmospheric surface layer in Qatar  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Turbulent characteristics of atmospheric boundary layer are of utmost importance in modeling the large-scale meteorological processes, diffusion of atmospheric contaminants, heat transfer and evaporation from the earth surface. Available data are for some areas on the globe and are really sparse in tropical regions, except a few recent studies in Asia. There had been some recent studies in tropical weather in southwestern Asia but no study is carried out in Persian Gulf region. An atmospheric measurement station has been designed and installed in a site in the coastal region of Doha, Qatar, to characterize the nature of atmosphere surface layer (ASL) and ocean wave characteristics in this field. The aim of the present study is to report the micrometeorological data collected from this site. The normalized variation of the turbulent velocity components and temperature were studied using Monin-Obukhov similarity theory (MOST). This study also attempts to verify the validity of MOST in the context of the data collected for a marine ASL in Qatar, and compares the modeling parameters with other investigations around the world. This is the first ever study of ASL in this area, and is expected to be a foundation of further atmospheric research endeavors in Qatar.

Singha, Arindam; Sadr, Reza

2011-11-01

153

Pharmacy students' attitudes toward pharmaceutical care in Qatar  

PubMed Central

Objectives The study objectives were to investigate Qatar pharmacy students’ attitudes toward pharmaceutical care (PC), to identify the factors that influence their attitudes, and to recognize their perceived barriers for PC provision. Methods A cross-sectional and online survey of Qatar pharmacy students was conducted. Results Over 4 weeks, 46 surveys were submitted (88% response rate). All respondents agreed that the pharmacist’s primary responsibility is to prevent and resolve medication therapy problems. Most respondents believed that PC provision is professionally rewarding and that all pharmacists should provide PC (93% and 91% of respondents, respectively). Highly perceived barriers for PC provision included lack of access to patient information (76%), inadequate drug information sources (55%), and time constraints (53%). Professional year and practical experience duration were inversely significantly associated with four and five statements, respectively, out of the 13 Standard Pharmaceutical Care Attitudes Survey statements, including the statements related to the value of PC, and its benefit in improving patient health and pharmacy practitioners’ careers. Conclusion Qatar pharmacy students had positive attitudes toward PC. Efforts should be exerted to overcome their perceived barriers.

El Hajj, Maguy Saffouh; Hammad, Ayat S; Afifi, Hebatalla M

2014-01-01

154

Disposal of unwanted medicines from households in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective  To test the effectiveness of a simple educational intervention to encourage households to return unwanted medicines via a\\u000a municipal collection program and to investigate the most common sources and types of unwanted medicines in the home.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Setting  Households in Kuwait City, Kuwait.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Method  A convenience sample of 200 households in Kuwait received an educational letter and special plastic bags in which to

Eman A. Abahussain; Douglas E. Ball

2007-01-01

155

77 FR 11384 - Removal of Oman from the Restricted Destinations List  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NRC-2011-0264] RIN 3150-AJ06 Removal of Oman from the Restricted Destinations List AGENCY...export and import regulations by removing Oman from the list of restricted destinations...to U.S. Government law and policy on Oman. The Executive Branch recommended,...

2012-02-27

156

Building Capacity for Oman's Online Teacher Training: Making an International Partnership Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Sultanate of Oman recently investigated the viability of online teacher training through a joint project funded by the U.S. Middle East Partnership Initiative and the Oman Ministry of Education. One aspect of the project was to build sufficient capacity within the Ministry to enable Oman to produce online training in the future. This article…

Sales, Gregory C.; Al-Rahbi, Fathiya

2008-01-01

157

76 FR 32953 - Transportation Infrastructure/Multimodal Products and Services Trade Mission to Doha, Qatar, and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Mission to Doha, Qatar, and Abu Dhabi and Dubai, United Arab Emirates AGENCY: International Trade Administration, Department of...services to Doha, Qatar, and Abu Dhabi and Dubai, United Arab Emirates (U.A.E) on October 29- November 3, 2011. The...

2011-06-07

158

76 FR 38614 - Transportation Infrastructure/Multimodal Products and Services Trade Mission to Doha, Qatar, and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Mission to Doha, Qatar, and Abu Dhabi and Dubai, United Arab Emirates AGENCY: International Trade Administration, Department of...services to Doha, Qatar and Abu Dhabi and Dubai, United Arab Emirates (U.A.E) on October 29-November 3, 2011. The...

2011-07-01

159

Qatar: Background and U.S. Relations. Updated January 24, 2008.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Qatar, a small peninsular country in the Persian Gulf, has emerged as an important ally of the United States since the late 1990s and currently serves as host to major U.S. military facilities for command, basing, and equipment pre-positioning. Qatar hold...

C. M. Blanchard

2008-01-01

160

Qatar: Background and U.S. Relations. Updated May 5, 2010.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Qatar, a small peninsular country in the Persian Gulf, emerged as a partner of the United States in the mid-1990s and currently serves as host to major U.S. military facilities. Qatar holds the third-largest proven natural gas reserves in the world, and i...

C. M. Blanchard

2010-01-01

161

Implementation of the K-12 Education Reform in Qatar's Schools. Monograph  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The leadership of Qatar is greatly invested in its K-12 education reform, "Education for a New Era," because it views education as the key to the nation's economic and social progress. This study, one of a number of RAND studies that trace and document the reform process in Qatar, was designed to assess progress made in the first years of the K-12…

Zellman, Gail L.; Ryan Gery W.; Karam, Rita; Constant, Louay; Salem, Hanine; Gonzalez, Gabriella; Orr, Nate; Goldman, Charles A.; Al-Thani, Hessa; Al-Obaidli, Kholode

2009-01-01

162

Education for a New Era: Design and Implementation of K-12 Education Reform in Qatar. Monograph  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The leadership of Qatar has a social and political vision that calls for improving the outcomes of the Qatari K-12 education system. With this vision in mind, the leadership asked RAND to examine Qatar's K-12 education system, to recommend options for building a world-class system, and, subsequently, to develop the chosen option and support its…

Brewer, Dominic J.; Augustine, Catherine H.; Zellman, Gail L.; Ryan, Gery; Goldman, Charles A.; Stasz, Cathleen; Constant, Louay

2007-01-01

163

Anticipated economic costs and benefits of ratification of the Kyoto Protocol by the State of Qatar  

Microsoft Academic Search

Further ratification of the Kyoto Protocol by non-Annex 1 countries such as the State of Qatar will not affect the entrance into force of the Treaty; however, ratification remains an important decision due to other considerations, primarily the economic costs and benefits associated with ratification. As a member of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), Qatar's economic position is

Azhari F. M. Ahmed; M. J. Al Maslamani

2004-01-01

164

Saddam Hussein's Decision to Invade Kuwait - Where Was Plan B.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Two objectives characterize Saddam Hussein's statecraft his personal survival as Iraq's leader and his desire to assert Iraqi influence in the Middle East Both of these objectives figured in his decision to invade Kuwait in August 1990 Surveying the damag...

F. R. Culpepper

1997-01-01

165

Gauging the Iraqi Threat to Kuwait in the 1960s.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The UKs defense of Kuwait is chronicled in an extensive collection of documents, many only recently declassified. These papers portray a responsive intelligence system, despite collection limitations and the amount of time it took to redirect assets. The ...

R. A. Mobley

2001-01-01

166

Kuwait Reverse Osmosis Test Facility - a Documentation of Membrane Performance.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes the seawater reverse osmosis experimental plant based on the GKSS plate module system and the evaluation of experiments carried out under Gulf seawater conditions in Kuwait utilizing different membrane brands. Seawater pretreatment w...

J. Kaschemekat W. Hilgendorff A. M. Hassan K. Al-Jamal A. L. A. Malik

1986-01-01

167

Laboratory investigations of compatibility of the Kuwait Group aquifer, Kuwait, with possible injection waters  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A laboratory investigation of the compatibility of the Kuwait Group aquifer of Kuwait with desalinated seawater and reverse osmosis processed treated wastewater was carried out in anticipation of the artificial recharge of the aquifer in future. Even with the use of wax coating and freezing with liquid nitrogen, no core plugs could be extracted from the unconsolidated sections, and only the consolidated to semi-consolidated sections could be studied. The aquifer consists of silty and gravelly sand, and is often highly calcareous. The clay minerals present in the aquifer mostly belong to the montmorillonite and illite groups, with some palygorskite. Mercury injection porosimetry experiments on core plugs from the more cemented parts of the aquifer suggest that, to avoid significant clogging from suspended solids, particles down to a diameter of 8 ?m should be filtered out of the injection water. Core flow experiments suggest that, for the samples examined, loss of permeability due to clay swelling is not very important. The blocking of pore throats by moving fines may be a more serious problem during injection. The geochemical simulation indicates that the possibility of scale formation when the injection waters come in contact with the Kuwait Group formation water is remote. Rather, there is a possibility of dissolution of carbonate minerals in the aquifer in contact with the injection waters.

Mukhopadhyay, A.; Al-Awadi, E.; Oskui, R.; Hadi, K.; Al-Ruwaih, F.; Turner, M.; Akber, A.

2004-01-01

168

77 FR 15718 - Circular Welded Carbon-Quality Steel Pipe From India, the Sultanate of Oman, the United Arab...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the Sultanate of Oman, the United Arab Emirates, and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam...Sultanate of Oman (Oman), the United Arab Emirates (UAE), and the Socialist Republic...the Sultanate of Oman, the United Arab Emirates, and the Socialist Republic of...

2012-03-16

169

Desert Wadis and Smoke from Kuwait Oil Fires, Saudi Arabia  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Smoke from the Kuwait Oil Fires obscures the view of the desert wadis, Saudi Arabia (29.5N, 42.5E). During the brief Gulf war between Iraq and the Allied forces, many of the oil wells in Kuwait were destroyed and set afire. For several months, those fires burned out of control, spewing smoke and ash for hundreds of miles in many directions depending on the altitude, time of year and the prevailing winds.

1991-01-01

170

Kuwait City and Fire Scars in the Oil Fields  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This view of the northern Persian Gulf shows Kuwait City and the Tigris and Euphrates River Deltas (29.5N, 48.5E). The oil laden sands and oil lakes of the Kuwait Oil Fields to the north and south of the city are clearly visible as dark patches surrounded by oil free desert sands. Comparison with earlier photos indicate that the oil laden sands are slowly being covered with clean sand carried by strong NW winds called Shmals.

1992-01-01

171

Multiple sclerosis in Kuwait: clinical and epidemiological study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Eighty-nine cases of multiple sclerosis (70 Arabs) are reported from Kuwait. The prevalence is estimated to be 8.33 per 100,000 (age and sex adjusted to USA population). Kuwait thus emerges to be in the medium risk zone. No differences were found in the age of onset, clinical pattern and disability from the disease found in Europeans and North Americans.

A S Al-Din

1986-01-01

172

Physical properties of soils contaminated by oil lakes, Kuwait  

SciTech Connect

In preparation for a marine assault by the coalition forces, the Iraqi Army heavily mined Kuwait`s coastal zone and the oil fields. Over a million mines were placed on the Kuwait soil. Burning of 732 oil wells in the State of Kuwait due to the Iraqi invasion caused damages which had direct and indirect effect on environment. A total of 20-22 million barrels of spilled crude oil were collected in natural desert depressions and drainage network which formed more than 300 oil lakes. The total area covered with oil reached 49 km{sup 2}. More than 375 trenches revealed the existence of hard, massive caliche (CaCO{sub 3}) subsoil which prevent leached oil from reaching deeper horizons, and limited the maximum depth of penetration to 1.75 m. Total volume of soil contaminated reached 22,652,500 m{sup 3} is still causing environmental problems and needs an urgent cleaning and rehabilitation. Kuwait Oil Company has recovered approximately 21 million barrels from the oil lakes since the liberation of Kuwait. In our examined representative soil profiles the oil penetration was not deeper than 45 cm. Infiltration rate, soil permeability, grain size distribution, aggregates formation and water holding capacity were assessed. 15 refs., 5 figs., 5 tabs.

Mohammad, A.S. [Kuwait Univ., Safat (Kuwait); Wahba, S.A.; Al-Khatieb, S.O. [Arabian Gulf Univ. (Bahrain)

1996-08-01

173

Isolation and identification of arboviruses from the Sultanate of Oman.  

PubMed Central

Sentinel herds and a vector surveillance system were used to identify the presence of arboviruses in Oman. Two strains of bluetongue virus (BTV) serotype 4 and two strains of Akabane virus, were isolated and identified. Both BTV isolates and one Akabane virus isolate came from goats while the second Akabane isolate came from Culicoides imicola. This is the first isolation of an Akabane virus from Culicoides in Arabia. Vector competence studies with the Oman viruses in laboratory reared C. variipennis showed that after oral infection both viruses replicated in Culicoides and were maintained at high titre for at least 10 days post infection. Images Fig. 2

al-Busaidy, S. M.; Mellor, P. S.

1991-01-01

174

Migraine among medical students in Kuwait University  

PubMed Central

Background Medical students routinely have triggers, notably stress and irregular sleep, which are typically associated with migraine. We hypothesized that they may be at higher risk to manifest migraine. We aimed to determine the prevalence of migraine among medical students in Kuwait University. Methods This is cross-sectional, questionnaire-based study. Participants who had two or more headaches in the last 3 months were subjected to two preliminary questions and participants with at least one positive response were asked to perform the validated Identification of Migraine (ID Migraine™) test. Frequency of headache per month and its severity were also reported. Results Migraine headache was suggested in 27.9% subjects based on ID-Migraine™. Migraine prevalence (35.5% and 44%, versus 31.1%, 25%, 21.1%, 14.8%, 26.5%, p?Kuwait University compared to other published studies. The migraine prevalence, frequency and headache severity, all increased in the final two years of education.

2014-01-01

175

Ankle-Brachial Index and Extent of Atherosclerosis in Patients From the Middle East (the AGATHA-ME Study): A Cross-Sectional Multicenter Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

To assess the extent of atherothrombosis and the use of the ankle-brachial index (ABI) in populations from the Middle East, we conducted a multicenter study similar to AGATHA (a Global Atherothrombosis Assessment), AGATHA-ME, which included 1341 patients from 18 centers from 5 countries (United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain, and Oman). Patients were assigned to 2 groups: the with-disease and

Ayman El-Menyar; Haitham Amin; Ibrahim Rashdan; Kadhim Souliman; Dirk Deleu; Kamran Saadat; Wael Al Mahmeed; Sharif Bakir; Adel Wasif; Azan Ben Brek; Nooshin Bazargani; Ahmed Abdel Aziz; Rajvir Singh; Iman Hatou; Hisham Mahmoud; Jassim Al Suwaidi

2009-01-01

176

Environmental engineering education (E3) in the Gulf Co-operation Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

The six members of the Gulf Co-operation Countries (GCC)—Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates—are facing enormous environmental challenges associated with rapid urbanisation and industrialisation, especially in the last three decades, due to its role as a global hydrocarbon energy centre. None of these countries have systematic and specialised academic programmes with the sole purpose of

Majeed Jassim; Gulnur Coskuner

2007-01-01

177

Middle East: Output expansions boost drilling  

SciTech Connect

Iraqi exports may return to the market in limited fashion, but none of the region`s producers seems particularly concerned. They believe that global oil demand is rising fast enough to justify their additions to productive capacity. The paper discusses exploration, drilling and development, and production in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, the Neutral Zone, Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Oman, Iran, Iraq, Yemen, Qatar, Syria, Turkey, and Sharjah. The paper also briefly mentions activities in Bahrain, Israel, Jordan, and Ras al Khaimah.

NONE

1996-08-01

178

Factors affecting employment in the Arabian Gulf region, 1975-1985.  

PubMed

"This paper attempts to shed light on factors contributing to the identification of the main employment patterns in the countries of the Arab Gulf region. It also seeks to answer the question of how determinants of employment vary between national and foreign workforces and whether these determinants have changed over time." The countries concerned are Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. PMID:12287526

Looney, R E

1991-01-01

179

Industrial progress in small oil-exporting countries: The prospect for Kuwait  

SciTech Connect

This book presents papers on the petroleum and manufacturing industries of Kuwait. Topics considered include Kuwait's economic strategy, some aspects of economic and social development in Kuwait, the growth pattern and the structure of the manufacturing sector, an optimal industrial mix for Kuwait, determinants of proper industrial technology, alternative pricing policies and energy sources, forecasting industrial output and employment, alternative income redistribution schemes, growth and export expansion in developing countries, and cooperation among private industrial sectors of the Arab Gulf States.

Girgis, M.

1984-01-01

180

Nine years after the invasion of Kuwait: the impacts of the Iraqi left-over ordnance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Iraqi regime occupied the State of Kuwait for seven months. During this period the Iraqi Armed Forces brought into Kuwait massive quantities of army materials. These included heavy military equipment, armoured vehicles, tanks, missiles, munitions and mines. The worst of these were the mines and munitions. During the first five years of liberation, casualties in Kuwait were high and

Ali Muhammad Khuraibet

1999-01-01

181

Characterizing surface temperature and clarity of Kuwait's seawaters using remotely sensed measurements and GIS analyses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Kuwait sea surface temperature (SST) and water clarity are important water characteristics that influence the entire Kuwait coastal ecosystem. The spatial and temporal distributions of these important water characteristics should be well understood to obtain a better knowledge about this productive coastal environment. The aim of this project was therefore to study the spatial and temporal distributions of: Kuwait SST

Mohammad M. M. Alsahli

2009-01-01

182

Aquifer characteristics and water quality of Miocene–Pleistocene sediments, Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Al-Atraf is one of the water well fields of Kuwait supplying Kuwait City with the brackish groundwater obtained from the Kuwait Group aquifer of Miocene–Pleistocene age. The study determined the hydrogeological and hydrochemical characteristics of the groundwater in order to identify the major chemical processes that influence the groundwater quality of the study area. The results of the aquifer test

F. M. Al-Ruwaih; H. A. Qabazard

2005-01-01

183

Kuwait: Security, Reform, and U.S. Policy, November 4, 2010.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Kuwait has been pivotal to nearly two decades of U.S. efforts to reduce a threat posed by Iraq. After U.S. forces liberated Kuwait from Iraqi invading forces in February 1991, Kuwait was the central location from which the United States contained Saddam d...

K. Katzman

2010-01-01

184

Kuwait: Security, Reform, and U.S. Policy. Updated April 26, 2011.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Kuwait was pivotal to two decades of U.S. efforts to reduce a threat posed by Iraq. After U.S. forces liberated Kuwait from Iraqi invading forces in February 1991, Kuwait was the central location from which the United States contained Saddam during 1991-2...

K. Katzman

2011-01-01

185

A preliminary assessment of harmful algal blooms in Kuwait's marine environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Microalgal blooms occur in Kuwait's waters year round. Seasonal non-harmful blooms are part of the annual succession in marine ecosystems and are a typical phenomenon in Kuwait's waters as well as in the Gulf region. The ecology and taxonomy of phytoplankton in Kuwait's waters have been studied during the past few decades; however, only very limited detailed taxonomical studies have

Faiza Al-Yamani; Maria Saburova; Igor Polikarpov

2012-01-01

186

What do the trace metal contents of urine and toenail samples from Qatar?s farm workers bioindicate?  

PubMed

Qatar?s farm workers provide a unique population for exposure study: they are young, healthy males. This study combined trace element profiles in urine and toenail with survey information from 239 farm workers to assess the extent to which the biomarkers provide complementary exposure information. Urinary Mo levels (average=114µg/L) were elevated; average urinary values (µg/L) for all other elements were: V (1.02), Cr (0.55), Mn (2.15), Fe (34.1), Co (0.47), Ni (2.95), Cu (15.0), As (47.8), Se (25.7), Cd (1.09), Ba (22.5), Pb (2.50) and U (0.15). Average toenail concentrations (mg/kg) were: Mn (2.48), Cu (4.43), As (0.26), Se (0.58), Mo (0.07), Cd (0.03), Ba (1.00), Pb (0.51) and U (0.02). No significant association was found between corresponding elements in urine and toenails. Elemental profiles suggest groundwater (with the exception of Mo) and soil-dust-crop exposure pathways cannot account for elemental variations. The main factors moderating trace element contents are related to depuration processes involving participants? trace element body burden prior to work in Qatar, and interactions of trace element metabolic cycles which over-ride the exposure footprint. Toenail and urine need to be carefully validated before reliable use as biomarkers of exposure in general populations for most elements in the study. PMID:24674761

Kuiper, Nora; Rowell, Candace; Nriagu, Jerome; Shomar, Basem

2014-05-01

187

Water-resource facilities and management strategy for Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

Catastrophic floods and prolonged periods of drought are the main ‘water’ challenges facing Oman. So the inhabitants have had to resort to ingenious ways of utilising the available-water resources, such as through building falaj systems and the optimal selection of suitable crops, but nevertheless when exposed to extremely-dry weather conditions, temporary and even permanent migration is still the only option

H. Al-Ismaily; D. Probert

1998-01-01

188

Economic instruments for water management in the Sultanate of Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several factors such as demographic population structure, economic growth rate and change of life style have significant influence on water demand. This paper outlines the problem of water scarcity in Oman, in particular the use of certain economic instruments such as metering, consumption tariff and water markets to manage water resources for both domestic and agricultural uses. An interesting finding

Ahmed Salim Al-Marshudi

2008-01-01

189

Efficiency of government-supported horticulture: the case of Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes technical efficiency in Oman using the stochastic production frontier and the data envelopment analysis (DEA) methods. Different methods are used because the determinants of technical efficiency may be influenced by the method used and also by the assumptions (such as returns to scale) maintained. Results from the stochastic parametric frontier (SPF) and DEA–Charnes, Cooper, Rhodes (CCR) models

L. Zaibet; P. S. Dharmapala

1999-01-01

190

Oman: Reform, Security, and U.S. Policy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Prior to the wave of unrest that has swept the Middle East in 2011, the United States had consistently praised Sultan Qaboos bin Sa'id Al Said for gradually opening the political process in the Sultanate of Oman, an initiative he began in the early 1980s ...

K. Katzman

2012-01-01

191

Barriers to Adopting Technology for Teaching and Learning in Oman  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the perceived barriers to adopting information and communication technologies (ICT) in Omani higher education. One hundred faculty members from four different departments at the College of Applied Sciences in Oman participated in the study. The participants took a survey, which was developed based on the Western literature.…

Al-Senaidi, Said; Lin, Lin; Poirot, Jim

2009-01-01

192

A survey of internet financial reporting in Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate the extent and variety of practices of internet financial reporting (IFR) by companies listed on the Muscat Securities Market (MSM) in Oman. While IFR is fast becoming the norm in most western countries, there is little empirical evidence of the phenomenon in the Middle East region. This paper attempts to

Ehab K. A. Mohamed; Peter Oyelere; Munther Al-Busaidi

2009-01-01

193

A study of wind energy prospects in Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is aimed at finding the prospects of wind energy utilization for decentralized applications in Sultanate of Oman. The study is based on an economical comparison for small power applications between diesel engine generators sets and wind turbines at the selected sites. It is for representative rural areas where wind regime is high. Also, the study extends to carrying

H. N. Al-Jabri; F. N. Al-Farsi; T. S. Al-Ma'mari; M. K. Al-Khodhouri; A. S. Malik

2010-01-01

194

Insights into the seismotectonics of the northern Oman Mountains  

Microsoft Academic Search

A moderate (M ~5) earthquake struck the northeastern United Arab Emirates (UAE) and northern Oman on March 11, 2002. The event was felt over a wide area of the northern Emirates and was accompanied by smaller (felt) events before and after the March 11 main shock. The event was large enough to be detected and located by global networks at

Arthur Rodgers; Abdel-Rahman Fowler; Abdullah M. S. Al-Amri; Abdullah Al-Enezi

195

Chromite deposits in the northern Oman ophiolite: Mineralogical constraints  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chromite deposits in the northern Oman ophiolitic complex occur in three structural contexts, i.e., (1) at the base of the cumulate series, (2) in the top kilometer of the mantle sequence, and (3) in the deeper parts of the mantle. Types 1 and 2 are characterized by the diversity of interstitial silicates where in decreasing order of abundance olivine, clinopyroxene,

T. Augé

1987-01-01

196

Perception of aging and ageism among women in Qatar.  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to find out the perceptions of age and aging among women in Qatar. Respondents consisted of 250 women aged between 20 and 70 years, selected from those attending the health centers in Doha city, the capital of Qatar. They were interviewed using a pretested validated questionnaire, and data were collected through direct face-to-face interviews using the incidental sampling method. It was found that physical appearance and mental alertness were the most important criteria for defining aging in men and women. A statistically significant association was found between age of respondents and physical criteria for aging such as hair color (p < .000) in women and body image in men (p < .0298). As for aging characteristics, decreasing hearing ability (p < .000), performance as before (p < .004), more irritability (p < .0227), ability to travel alone (p < .0429), needs check up (p < .001), and needs a geriatric home (p < .001) were statistically associated with age of women studied. Both positive (socializing factors, independence, housework, retirement, and geriatric care) and negative stereotyping (care for self, learning capabilities, irritability, and worries) with regard to aging were evident among the Qatari women. In general, Qatari women had several positive attitudes toward aging. Such attitudes could be utilized in any health promotion for elderly people. PMID:23767841

Musaiger, Abdulrahman O; D'Souza, Reshma; Al-Roomi, Khaldoon

2013-01-01

197

Hemoglobin H disease in Muscat, Oman - A 5 year study  

PubMed Central

Objectives Published data indicate that Alpha thalassemia trait is prevalent in 45% of population of Sultanate of Oman. Recent unpublished data suggest that this prevalence is higher than 45%. Yet clinical suspicion or investigations into ?-thalassemias are lacking. Moreover, Hemoglobin H disease is considered rare in Oman. We decided, therefore to look for Hemoglobin H disease and characterize the clinico–hematopathological features of the disease. Methods Patient demographics, clinical details and detailed hematology parametry of Hemoglobin H disease cases, diagnosed by Department of Laboratory over a period of 5 years between February 2002 and January 2007 in patients presenting at Al-Nahdha Hospital and Genetic counseling unit in Muscat were compiled from hospital and laboratory records and analyzed. Results Twenty cases of Hemoglobin H disease in Omanis were diagnosed mainly during the second decade. 60% belonged to Al-Balushi tribe. 40% of cases presented with body pains. 35% presented with nonspecific symptoms. 50% of cases were erroneously labeled as Iron deficiency anemia. Microcytic erythrocytosis, high Red Cell Distribution Width, numerous misshapen Red Blood Cells, pseudothrombocytosis, low A2 and normal Ferritin were important diagnostic clues. Hemoglobin H inclusions in special reticulocyte smears and Hemoglobin H on HPLC or Electrophoresis were diagnostic. Conclusion Hemoglobin H disease is common in Oman. The need to do HPLC, G6PD activity and Ferritin studies in all cases of anemia in Oman to avoid missing diagnosis of Hemoglobin H disease is stressed. This study is intended to create awareness about Hemoglobin H disease in order to diagnose early, treat rightly, counsel correctly and pave the path for prevention of ?-thalassemia disease in Oman.

Venugopal, Suresh; Dhuri, Suchata; Al Jabal, Khalid Bait; Shaju, Alphonsa

2008-01-01

198

A Center for Mideast Oceanographic Data in Muscat, Oman  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Lighthouse designed and installed a real-time cabled ocean observing system off the northern coast of the Sultanate of Oman in 2005 and a second system, farther to the south, existed as autonomous moorings from 2005-2009 and was upgraded to a real-time cabled system in early 2010. Since 2005 Lighthouse has operated and maintained those systems to produce a wealth of data on a poorly understood region of the global oceans. The systems record data hourly on current velocities over a range of depths, and temperature, pressure, conductivity, dissolved oxygen and turbidity at the depth of the sensor; the northern system also collects seismic and bottom pressure (tsunami detection) information continuously. Processing codes for all data have been developed and honed over the years in cooperation with oceanographers from Texas A&M University. As a joint and complementary effort, ocean circulation and tsunami impact models have been developed for the regional waters near Oman. In Oman, our work is coordinated through the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries Wealth. From the beginning, Lighthouse has intended to transition data processing and analysis over to the Sultanate. To facilitate this transition, we propose to establish a Center for Mideast Oceanographic Data located in Muscat, Oman that may also serve as a regional oceanographic data depository and research center. Main activities to be carried out include: marine data processing and management, training of Omani professionals in data processing and analysis, facilitating regional and international collaboration by hosting workshops or short courses, and employing the models for research purposes. The center would work with the newly-established Hazard Monitoring Center to develop modeled now- and forecast products for marine operations and safety. The goal is to house, in a single location, datasets and models that will help Oman manage and maintain its marine environment and resources for generations to come.

Ingle, S.; Belabbassi, L.; Du Vall, K.; Wang, Z.

2012-12-01

199

Fracture-related diagenesis in the carbonate carapace of a salt dome, Jebel Madar, Oman  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study is being carried out in the Qatar Carbonates and Carbon Storage Research Centre (QCCSRC) at Imperial College and focuses on the interplay between fractures, diagenetic fluid flow and precipitation of diagenetic minerals in an exposed carbonate carapace of a salt dome in Oman. Understanding fault-related mineralization and the differences between diagenesis in the fractures and fracture walls compared to diagenesis in the rock matrix will help prediction of the reservoir quality of such fractured carapaces in the subsurface. The research questions addressed here are a) what controls the timing, distribution and geometry of fractures in the carapace of a salt dome? b) what controls the timing of the precipitation of minerals in the fracture network? To answer these questions, a dual approach combining structural geology with carbonate diagenesis is being applied. The origin of the fluids and their role in fracturing and diagenesis is being investigated by means of geochemistry and petrography and the processes of fracturing, fluid flow and the migration of fluids along pathways will be determined by reconstructing the structural history by a combination of field mapping and seismic interpretation. This dual approach is powerful and can be used to determine the history of fluid flow. Ultimately, the aim is to develop conceptual models linking fracturation and fluid flow during halokinesis with diagenesis. Jebel Madar is situated in the southern foothills of the Oman Mountains and is a folded and fractured salt dome carapace comprising Jurassic and Cretaceous limestones. The structural history of the Jebel is currently being reconstructed using fracture analysis of structural data gathered during fieldwork. This will be augmented with the interpretation of seismic profiles. Initial results indicate that the dominant fracture orientations are ~ N-S and NE-SW. Using the cross-cutting relationships of the fractures an attempt is being made to establish their chronology. To understand the diagenetic history of the fracture infill, several techniques are being used including petrography, major and trace elemental analysis, fluid inclusion, and stable oxygen and carbon isotope analysis. An important observation made in the fractures of the Jebel Madar is that several generations of calcite cements exist, with crystals ranging in size from several cm in the centre of the fracture to compact, mm- sized crystals close to the host rock. In addition, in some fractures barite and calcite have been co-precipitated, an observation which, with the aid of fluid inclusion studies, could yield the composition and possible origin of the parent diagenetic fluids. The presence of minerals in fractures indicates that these latter acted as fluid pathways. Initial stable isotope results suggest that the precipitating fluids were hot, with average values of ? 18O of -9.74 ‰ PDB and ? 13C of 1.19 ‰ PDB. Initial results indicate that the regional stress stimulated the local development of salt diapirs which produced local stress fields that totally dominated the timing and pattern of fracturing and fluid migration.

Lahr, J.; John, C. M.; Cosgrove, J. W.; Vandeginste, V.; Sena, C. N.; Jourdan, A.

2010-12-01

200

Ground level concentration of sulfur dioxide at Kuwait`s major population centers during the oil-field fires  

SciTech Connect

During the Iraqi occupation, Kuwait`s oil wells were ignited. the fires were damaging to the country`s oil resources and air quality. The impact of the oil-field fires on the air quality was studied to determine the level of exposure to pollutants in major population centers. The period of July-September 1991 was selected for examination. A mathematical model was used to compute the ground-level concentration isopleths. The results of these computations are supported by significant concentrations measured and reported by the Environmental Protection Council, Kuwait. The ground-level concentrations of sulfur dioxide in the major population centers, whether measure or estimated, were less than the ambient standards of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency`s air pollution index. The dispersive characteristics were classified according to wind conditions. The results of this assessment provide historical data on Kuwait`s oil fires and may be useful in assessing risks resulting from this catastrophe. 6 refs., 10 fig., 2 tab.

Al-Ajmi, D.N.; Marmoush, Y.R. [Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research (Kuwait)] [Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research (Kuwait)

1996-08-01

201

Impact of Kuwait`s oil-fire smoke cloud on the sky of Bahrain  

SciTech Connect

The effects of the Kuwaiti oil well fires of 1991 on the atmospheric parameters of Bahrain (approximately 600 km southeast of Kuwait) were observed. Solar radiation, optical thickness, ultraviolet radiation, horizontal visibility, temperature, and solar spectral distribution were measured for 1991 and compared to the long-term values of 1985-1990. The relative monthly solar radiation in Bahrain was reduced by 8% (February) when 50 oil wells were burning and reduced further to 20% when 470 oil wells were on fire (April-July). In November 1991, when there were 12 oil wells burning, the recorded solar radiation became nearly equal to the long-term average. The monthly average daily optical thickness, {tau}, for the direct or beam solar radiation was calculated. The values of {tau} were found to be larger in 1991 than the average for the years 1985-1990 by nearly 58% during June and returned to normal in October (after nearly all the oil well fires were extinguished). The clear and smoked sky solar spectra distribution were detected before and during the burning of the Kuwait oil wells. Large absorption of the solar radiation was noticed on the 2nd and 3rd of March, 1991. The daily average infrared radiation during 1990 was found to be 6700.4 Whm{sup -2} and shifted to 9182.1 Whm{sup -2} in 1991. Comparison was also made between 1990 and 1991 data of the global solar radiation and the temperature. 13 refs., 12 figs., 1 tab.

Alnaser, W.E. [Univ. of Bahrain (Bahrain)] [Univ. of Bahrain (Bahrain)

1995-06-01

202

Modelling of air pollution impacts from power stations in Kuwait  

SciTech Connect

Kuwait is undergoing rapid development with fast growth of both urban and industrial areas. The environmental impact of such activities is already noticeable. Conditions are therefore favorable for the use of air pollution models to supply adequate tools for effective air quality management in Kuwait. The Industrial Source Complex Long Term (ISCLT) dispersion model was developed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in response to the need for comprehensive analytical techniques that can be used to evaluate the air quality impact of emissions from industrial sources. This model was used to predict the air quality impact of SO{sub 2} emissions from the Doha East and West Power Stations in Kuwait. The meteorological and emissions data and the seasonal and annual SO{sub 2} concentrations emitted from the power stations are described.

Al-Ajmi, D.N.; Abdal, Y. (Kuwait Inst. of Scientific Research (Kuwait))

1987-01-01

203

Industrialization of housing construction adapting building technology to Kuwait environment  

SciTech Connect

A major study of the industrialization of housing construction was conducted by Kuwait University, Department of Civil Engineering in conjunction with Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, to compare and contrast limited and average income group housing. Data from this study permit a preliminary assessment of the impact of the building technology change and other aspects on construction costs. A case study and identification of the designers and users' point of view concerning the sorts of issues addressed in the paper is followed by an evaluation and a concept for public and private space. The findings of the study are then presented and considered, also their meaning and significance for Kuwait as well as for other developing countries, are assessed. Concluding remarks and recommendations complete the paper.

Ezz Al Din, M.A.

1984-01-01

204

Hydrogeological Evaluation of Qatar Peninsula Using LANDSAT Imagery and Geophysical Data.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The application of image processing techniques to landsat satellite images proved to be of major significance in the evaluation of the hydrogeological situation in Qatar peninsula. The images are correlatable with the geophysical resistivity maps of the p...

M. A. Yehia I. E. Harhash

1982-01-01

205

Qatar-1b: a hot Jupiter orbiting a metal-rich K dwarf star  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report the discovery and initial characterization of Qatar-1b, a hot Jupiter-orbiting metal-rich K dwarf star, the first planet discovered by the Qatar Exoplanet Survey. We describe the strategy used to select candidate transiting planets from photometry generated by the Qatar Exoplanet Survey camera array. We examine the rate of astrophysical and other false positives found during the spectroscopic reconnaissance of the initial batch of candidates. A simultaneous fit to the follow-up radial velocities and photometry of Qatar-1b yields a planetary mass of 1.09 ± 0.08 MJ and a radius of 1.16 ± 0.05 RJ. The orbital period and separation are 1.420 033 ± 0.000 016 d and 0.023 43 ± 0.000 26 au for an orbit assumed to be circular. The stellar density, effective temperature and rotation rate indicate an age greater than 4 Gyr for the system.

Alsubai, K. A.; Parley, N. R.; Bramich, D. M.; West, R. G.; Sorensen, P. M.; Collier Cameron, A.; Latham, D. W.; Horne, K.; Anderson, D. R.; Bakos, G. Á.; Brown, D. J. A.; Buchhave, L. A.; Esquerdo, G. A.; Everett, M. E.; F?rész, G.; Hartman, J. D.; Hellier, C.; Miller, G. M.; Pollacco, D.; Quinn, S. N.; Smith, J. C.; Stefanik, R. P.; Szentgyorgyi, A.

2011-10-01

206

Vitamin D deficiency among the elderly: insights from Qatar.  

PubMed

Abstract Objectives: Vitamin D (VitD) deficiency is associated with comorbidities in the elderly. The present study investigates the prevalence of VitD deficiency among the elderly in Qatar. Research design and methods: A retrospective study conducted between April 2010 and April 2012 that involved chart reviews. All elderly patients of age ?65 years in geriatrics facilities including Rumailah hospital, skilled nursing facility and home healthcare services in Qatar were included in the study. Measurements: Patient characteristics and outcomes were analyzed and compared according to the severity of VitD deficiency. Correlation of VitD with comorbidities was analyzed. Mean follow-up period was 6 months. Results: A total of 889 patients were enrolled; the majority (66%) were females and the mean age was 75?±?8.7 years. Patient comorbidities included hypertension (76.5%), diabetes mellitus (63%), dyslipidemia, (47.5%), dementia (26%) coronary artery disease (24%) and cerebrovascular accident (24%). The mean baseline serum VitD level was 24.4?±?13.5?ng/ml; 72% of patients had VitD deficiency: mild (31%), moderate (30%) and severe (11%). Patients with severe VitD deficiency had significantly higher HbA1c levels compared with patients with optimal VitD (P?=?0.03). High density lipoprotein (HDL-C) levels were significantly lower in severe VitD deficiency patients compared with optimal VitD patients (P?=?0.04). There was a positive correlation between HDL-C and VitD level (r?=?0.17, P?=?0.001), whereas HbA1c levels showed negative correlation with VitD (r?=?-0.15, P?=?0.009). Conclusions: A high prevalence of VitD deficiency (72%) was observed among the elderly in Qatar. Lower VitD was associated with higher HbA1c and lower HDL-C levels. Further studies are warranted to evaluate whether VitD supplementation controls diabetes mellitus (DM) and low HDL-C levels among the elderly. PMID:24625101

Alhamad, Hanadi Khamis; Nadukkandiyil, Navas; El-Menyar, Ayman; Abdel Wahab, Luay; Sankaranarayanan, Anoop; Al Sulaiti, Essa Mubarak

2014-06-01

207

Oil and gas developments in Middle East in 1984  

SciTech Connect

Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1984 totaled 4,088,853,000 bbl (an average rate of 11,144,407 BOPD), down less than 1.0% from the revised total of 4,112,116,000 bbl produced in 1983. Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, and Oman had significant increases; Iran and Dubai had significant decreases. Jordan produced oil, although a minor amount, for the first time ever, and new production facilities were in the planning stage in Syria, North Yemen, and Oman, which will bring new fields on stream when completed.

Hemer, D.O.; Lyle, J.H.

1985-10-01

208

Oil and gas developments in Middle East in 1984  

SciTech Connect

Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1984 totaled 4,088,853,000 bbl (an average rate of 11,144,407 BOPD), down less than 1.0% from the revised total of 4,112,116,000 bbl produced in 1983. Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, and Oman had significant increases; Iran and Dubai had significant decreases. Jordan produced oil, although a minor amount, for the first time ever, and new production facilities were in the planning stage in Syria, North Yemen, and Oman, which will bring new fields on stream when completed. 4 figures, 9 tables.

Hemer, D.O.; Lyle, J.H.

1985-10-01

209

Asbestos-cement pneumoconiosis: first surgically confirmed case in Kuwait.  

PubMed

During the periodic medical examination of workers of the only asbestos-cement pipe factory in Kuwait, an early case of asbestosis was diagnosed. It was the first case of asbestosis to be reported and compensated in Kuwait. According to available information, it is also the first reported case to be confirmed by surgery in the Arabian Gulf countries. Recommendations are given in regard to diagnosis, the institution of very strict preventive and protective measures, and the system of compensation in Kuwaiti law. PMID:2301412

Mohamed, I Y

1990-01-01

210

Cystic fibrosis in a large kindred family in Qatar.  

PubMed

We describe 45 patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), diagnosed between June 1987 and May 1999, seen at the Hamad Medical Corporation, Qatar in the Arabian Gulf. Twenty-six of 32 families in the study were related and belonged to the same Bedouin tribe. The parents of 98% of these cases were consanguineous. Metabolic alkalosis and/or hypo-electrolytaemia were found in a large proportion of infants with CF. Cystic fibrosis in Qatari children is phenotypically variable with mild to moderate respiratory symptoms, and none of them died during this study. Among the non-Arabic-Asian patients, pulmonary symptoms were more severe, Pseudomonas colonization was earlier, pancreatic insufficiency occurred in infancy and four died in early life. PMID:11064773

Abdul Wahab, A; Dawod, S T; al Thani, G

2000-09-01

211

Exhumation of high-pressure rocks in northeastern Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

The exhumation of high-P rocks in the northeast Saih Hatat window, Oman Mountains, formed regional nappes associated with greenschist-facies metamorphism. Exhumation resulted in the juxtaposition of two plates with different structural style, stratigraphy, and metamorphic history. A major crustal discontinuity separates the two plates, with lower-metamorphic-grade rocks in the hanging wall. Lower-plate units were exhumed during strong top-to-the-northeast shearing, resulting

J. Mc L. Miller; D. R. Gray; R. T. Gregory

1998-01-01

212

Spectrum of Paediatric Lysosomal Storage Disorders in Oman  

PubMed Central

Objectives: The aim of this study was to look at the spectrum of paediatric lysosomal disorders in Oman. Lysosomal storage disorders (LSDs) are a heterogeneous group of inherited metabolic diseases. Few studies on the birth prevalence and prevalence of LSDs have been reported from the Arabian Peninsula. Methods: We studied 86 children with LSDs diagnosed over a period of nine years, from June 1998 to May 2007. Detailed clinical data, including age of onset, sex, age and mode of first presentation, and presence of consanguinity were collected. Results: Our data showed the combined birth prevalence for all LSDs in Oman to be around 1 in 4,700 live births. Sphingolipidoses was the most common group of disorder encountered (47.7%), followed by neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses (NCL) (23.2%) and mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) (23.2%). The proportion of consanguineous marriages in our series was found to be 87.5%. Conclusion: Our data represent the birth prevalence and clinical spectrum of such disorders in Oman, one of the highly consanguineous societies in the Middle East.

Al-Maawali, Almundher A; Joshi, Surendra N; Koul, Roshan L; Al-Maawali, Ali A; Al-Sedari, Hilal S; Al-Amri, Bader M; Al-Futaisi, Amna M

2012-01-01

213

Work Related Injuries in an Oil field in Oman  

PubMed Central

Objectives The aim of this paper is to describe the epidemiology of occupational injuries in the Harweel oil field, Oman. Methods The study is based on data gathered from a computerized database maintained by Petroleum Development of Oman (PDO). All non-fatal work-related occupational injuries registered between April 2007 and December 2009 were gathered and analyzed. Results A total of 170 work-related injuries were reported during the study period. Foreign body to the eye was the most common type of injury (27.6%) encountered among all injuries, followed by man falls/slips (11.8%). Injury to the upper extremities accounted for the largest percentage (38.8%) among other body parts. While, a significant portion of the injuries (52%) affected workers aged less than 30 years. The average injury rate per 1000 exposed workers per year was 19.8. Conclusion The study outlines the types of injuries most commonly encountered in the oil field in Oman. Additional data is required in order to devise proper epidemiological analysis. Establishing a comprehensive surveillance system for injuries is essential to ascertain factors influencing such injuries.

Al-Rubaee, Faisal Rabia; Al-Maniri, Abdullah

2011-01-01

214

Secondary Education Programs in Kuwait: An Evaluation Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper evaluates the effectiveness of the semester and the credit programs of high school education in Kuwait in terms of their graduating students' preparedness for continued and successful academic performance in programs of higher education. Students' percentile graduation rank from high school and their performances in the English, math…

Eid, Ghada K.; Koushki, Parviz A.

2005-01-01

215

Dispersion of Smoke Plumes from the Oil Fires of Kuwait.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Measurements collected during the multiple passes of a research aircraft through the smoke plumes from the oil fires of Kuwait are used to determine the sizes and growth rates of those plumes, and to document some other influences on their motion and disp...

W. A. Cooper

1994-01-01

216

Information Technology in Public Libraries in Kuwait: A First Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the availability and use of information technology in public libraries in Kuwait. Specific areas addressed are (1) hardware\\/software, (2) patterns of connectivity such as LANs, Internet, etc., (3) training and development activities in support of information technology, and (4) future projections regarding the use of information technology. The study provides policy-makers and information professionals with previously unavailable

CHARLENE L. AL-QALLAF; HOWAYA M. AL-AZMI

2002-01-01

217

Fifty years of MSF desalination in Kuwait and sustainability issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

Kuwait was the first country in the world to adopt desalting water as the main source of fresh water in the world. It was also the first to use the multi stage flash MSF desalting system in its present design in 1960. Many questions are raised about the sustainability of using seawater desalination as a main source of fresh water

M. A. Darwish; Ali Darwish; Amina Darwish

2011-01-01

218

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices, 2001: Kuwait.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Kuwait is a constitutional, hereditary amirate ruled by princes (Amirs) drawn from the Al-Sabah family. The Al-Sabahs have governed in consultation with prominent commercial families and other community leaders for over 200 years. The 1962 Constitution pr...

2002-01-01

219

Oxidation states of uranium in depleted uranium particles from Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

The oxidation states of uranium in depleted uranium (DU) particles were determined by synchrotron radiation based ?-XANES, applied to individual particles isolated from selected samples collected at different sites in Kuwait. Based on scanning electron microscopy with X-ray microanalysis prior to ?-XANES, DU particles ranging from submicrons to several hundred micrometers were observed. The median particle size depended on sources

B. Salbu; K. Janssens; O. C. Lind; K. Proost; L. Gijsels; P. R. Danesi

2004-01-01

220

Environmental effects from burning oil wells in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Model calculations, constrained by satellite observations, indicate that most of the smoke from the oil fires in Kuwait will remain in the lowest few kilometres of the troposphere. Beneath the plume there is a severe reduction in daylight, and a day-time temperature drop of ~10 °C within ~200 km of the source. Episodic events of acid rain and photochemical smog

K. A. Browning; R. J. Allam; S. P. Ballard; R. T. H. Barnes; D. A. Bennetts; R. H. Maryon; P. J. Mason; D. McKenna; J. F. B. Mitchell; C. A. Senior; A. Slingo; F. B. Smith

1991-01-01

221

Airborne Studies of the Smoke From the Kuwait Oil Fires  

Microsoft Academic Search

Airborne studies of smoke from the Kuwait oil fires were carried out in the spring of 1991 when ~4.6 million barrels of oil were burning per day. Emissions of sulfur dioxide were ~57% of that from electric utilities in the United States; emissions of carbon dioxide were ~2% of global emissions; emissions of soot were ~3400 metric tons per day.

Peter V. Hobbs; Lawrence F. Radke

1992-01-01

222

The Efficiency of Public Schools: The Case of Kuwait  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper investigates the technical, and allocative efficiencies of public schools in Kuwait over four levels of schooling (kindergartens, primary, intermediate and secondary) and two periods (1999/2000 and 2004/2005) using data envelopment analysis. Mean pure technical efficiency varies between 0.695 and 0.852 across all levels of education;…

Burney, Nadeem A.; Johnes, Jill; Al-Enezi, Mohammed; Al-Musallam, Marwa

2013-01-01

223

The Lost Kuwait Initiative: The Failure Has Come from Within  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A conference titled "Preparing Special Education Teachers in Mild/Moderate Disabilities: Programs, Models, and Exemplary Field Experiences" was organized by College of Education at Kuwait University between April 11-13, 2010. This conference was intended to lead to a better teacher preparation program in the region in the area of mild and moderate…

Al-Hilawani, Yasser A.

2011-01-01

224

Investigating Students' Beliefs about Arabic Language Programs at Kuwait University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study attempted to identify students' of Arabic programs beliefs about their chosen programs. To achieve this purpose, a survey was developed to collect the data from randomly selected students in liberal-arts and education-based programs at Kuwait University. The results showed that students were statistically differentiated as a…

Al-Shaye, Shaye S.

2009-01-01

225

Deformities in silver pomfret Pampus argenteus caught from Kuwait waters  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During sampling for spawning stock of the silver pomfret, Pampus argenteus in Kuwait waters, a few seriously deformed individuals were captured. These individuals had been attacked and wounded, but had healed and survived. The fish body deformities are believed to be caused by predation attempts on silver pomfret by predators such as sharks, groupers, and croakers.

Almatar, Sulaiman; Chen, Weizhong

2010-11-01

226

Evaluation of Section Heads' Performance at Kuwait Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The study attempts to examine the viewpoints of those involved in evaluating the performance of section heads in Kuwait secondary schools; mainly section heads themselves, supervisors and principals. It sets out to determine the strength and weaknesses in the performance evaluation form designed for section heads.…

Al-Hamdan, Jasem M.; Al-Yacoub, Ali M.

2005-01-01

227

IMPROVING ENGINEERING EDUCATION AT KUWAIT UNIVERSITY THROUGH CONTINUOUS ASSESSMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY The initial stages of development and implementation of assessment plans for the engineering programs at Kuwait University are presented. The plans are based upon an integrated set of strategies aimed at: establishing and maintaining a structured process that translates educational objectives into measurable outcomes, and specifies feedback channels for corrective action; providing necessary assessment training; creating an assessment toolbox,

Andreas P. Christoforou; Ahmet S. Yigit; Mohammad D. Al-Ansary; Faridah Ali; Adel A. Aly; Haitham Lababidi; Ibrahim S. Nashawi; Aziz Tayfun; Mohamed Zribi

228

Outcome Assessment and Evaluation of Engineering Education at Kuwait University  

Microsoft Academic Search

The initial stages of development and implementation of assessment plans for engineering programs at Kuwait University have been completed. The plans include a structured process that translates educational objectives into measurable outcomes at the program and course levels, necessary assessment instruments, and feedback channels for corrective action. This paper presents the experience in developing such plans.

Andreas P. Christoforou; Mohammad D. Al-Ansary; Ahmet S. Yigit; Aziz Tayfun; Adel A. Aly; Haitham Lababidi; Faridah Ali; Ibrahim S. Nashawi; Mohamed Zribi

229

Refining Procedures: A Needs Analysis Project at Kuwait University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines the procedures followed in the needs analysis (NA) project carried out in 1996 at the College of Petroleum and Engineering at Kuwait University. Focuses on the steps taken in the project and the rationale behind them. Offers an illustration of an NA project and to show the procedural steps involved. (Author/VWL)

Basturkmen, Helen

1998-01-01

230

Factors maintaining plant diversity in degraded areas of northern Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Arid and semi-arid regions are jeopardized by land degradation with serious consequences for the natural vegetation, plant biodiversity and sustainable use of the natural environment. This paper describes the major causes of land degradation in northern Kuwait and outlines factors that serve to maintain plant biodiversity in those affected areas that would normally be dominated by the perennial dwarf shrub

G. Brown

2003-01-01

231

Ozone chemistry in the smoke from the Kuwait oil fires  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ozone depletion occurred in the core of the plume of smoke from the Kuwait oil fires within 100 km of the fires, primarily in regions where NOx concentrations were high and ultraviolet flux was near zero. Rapid conversion of NO and NO2 can explain almost all of the ozone loss. Ozone was produced in diffuse regions of the plume, where

John A. Herring; Peter V. Hobbs

1992-01-01

232

Seasonality in pulmonary tuberculosis among migrant workers entering Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: There is paucity of data on seasonal variation in pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) in developing countries contrary to recognized seasonality in the TB notification in western societies. This study examined the seasonal pattern in TB diagnosis among migrant workers from developing countries entering Kuwait. METHODS: Monthly aggregates of TB diagnosis results for consecutive migrants tested between January I, 1997 and

Saeed Akhtar; Hameed GHH Mohammad

2008-01-01

233

Individualism, Collectivism, and Decision Styles of Managers in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Individualism-collectivism concepts along with decision styles were examined among 307 managers in Kuwait. The sample was randomly selected from government, private, and mixed organizations. About 72% of the Kuwaiti organizations registered in the stock market participated in the study. The participants displayed a high tendency toward collectivism, a weak commitment to individualism, and a strong preference for consultative and participative

Abbas J. Ali; Abdul Aziz Taqi; Krish Krishnan

1997-01-01

234

Fate and control of blistering chemical warfare agents in Kuwait`s desalination industry  

SciTech Connect

Kuwait, as most of the other states located along the Western shores of the Arabian Gulf, relies upon the Gulf as its main drinking water resource via desalination. In case of seawater contamination with blistering chemical warfare agents, traces of the agents and/or degradation products in the finished water might pose a serious health hazard. The objective of the present review is to study the potential contamination, transport, fate, effect and control of blistering chemical warfare agents (CWAs), in the Kuwaiti desalination industry. In general, all the environmental factors involved in the aquatic degradation of CWAs in Kuwait marine environment except for the high salinity in case of blistering agents such as sulphur mustard, and in favor of a fast degradation process. In case of massive releases of CWAs near the Kuwaiti shorelines, turbulence resulting from tidal cycles and high temperature will affect the dissolution process and extend the toxicity of the insoluble agent. Post- and pre-chlorination during the course of seawater desalination will catalyze and significantly accelerate the hydrolysis processes of the CWAs. The heat exerted on CWAs during the power generation-desalination processes is not expected to thermally decompose them. However, the steam heat will augment the agent`s rate of hydrolysis with subsequent acceleration in their rate of detoxification. Conventional pretreatment of feed seawater for reverse-osmosis desalination is theoretically capable of reducing the concentration of CWAs by coprecipitation and adsorption on flocs formed during coagulation. Prechlorination and prolonged detention in time in pretreatment units will simultaneously promote hydrolysis reactions. 50 refs.

Khordagui, H.K. [United Nations Economic and Social Commission for West Asia, Amman (Jordan)

1997-01-01

235

Source apportionment of fine particles in Kuwait City.  

PubMed

This study investigated major sources of PM2.5 in the atmosphere of Kuwait based on a sampling program conducted between February 2004 and October 2005. Three source identification techniques were used in this study: (1) a positive matrix factorization model; (2) backward trajectory profiles; and (3) concentration rose plots. Five major sources of PM2.5 were estimated. These were sand dust (sand storms), oil combustion (power plants), petrochemical industry (fertilizer, nylon or catalyst regeneration facilities), traffic (vehicle emissions and road dust) and transported emissions (emissions from outside Kuwait, such as those from automobiles, road dust or smelters). The estimated contributions to PM2.5 of these sources were: 54% from sand dust, 18% from oil combustion, 12% from petrochemical industry, 11% from traffic and 5% from anthropogenic sources transported from outside the country. Oil combustion, petrochemical industry and traffic were found to emanate from local sources, whereas sand dust and some emissions from traffic, and possibly smelters, appeared to originate from sources outside of Kuwait (transported). The PM2.5 levels in Kuwait during our previous sampling study averaged 53?g/m(3). More than half of the measured PM2.5 appears to have been due to crustal material, much originating outside of the country. However, the relatively high levels of PM2.5 contributed by anthropogenic local sources, such as oil combustion, petrochemical industry emissions, and traffic indicated that there may be great opportunities for Kuwait to improve public health. The application of cost-effective emission controls and development of forward looking environmental health policies have the potential to significantly reduce emissions, population exposures to PM2.5 and the burden of mortality and morbidity from air pollution. PMID:23270730

Alolayan, Mohammad A; Brown, Kathleen W; Evans, John S; Bouhamra, Walid S; Koutrakis, Petros

2013-03-15

236

77 FR 32531 - Circular Welded Carbon-Quality Steel Pipe From the Sultanate of Oman: Preliminary Determination...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...pipe from India, Oman, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), and the Socialist Republic...the Sultanate of Oman, the United Arab Emirates, and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam...Pipe from India, Oman, the United Arab Emirates, and Vietnam, Investigation Nos....

2012-06-01

237

77 FR 19635 - Circular Welded Carbon-Quality Steel Pipe From the Sultanate of Oman: Preliminary Negative...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the Sultanate of Oman, the United Arab Emirates, and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam...pipe from India, Oman, the United Arab Emirates, and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam...Pipe from India, Oman, the United Arab Emirates, and Vietnam, 76 FR 78313...

2012-04-02

238

77 FR 37711 - Circular Welded Carbon-Quality Steel Pipe From India, Oman, the United Arab Emirates, and Vietnam...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Pipe From India, Oman, the United Arab Emirates, and Vietnam; Scheduling of the Final...imports from India, Oman, the United Arab Emirates, and Vietnam of circular welded carbon-quality...steel pipe from Oman and the United Arab Emirates being sold in the United States at...

2012-06-22

239

77 FR 73674 - Circular Welded Carbon-Quality Steel Pipe From India, Oman, The United Arab Emirates, and Vietnam  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Pipe From India, Oman, The United Arab Emirates, and Vietnam Determinations On the basis...pipe from India, Oman, the United Arab Emirates, and Vietnam, provided for in subheading...pipe from India, Oman, the United Arab Emirates, and Vietnam were subsidized...

2012-12-11

240

75 FR 13421 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; FAR Case 2008-036, Trade Agreements-Costa Rica, Oman, and Peru  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...2008-036, Trade Agreements--Costa Rica, Oman, and Peru AGENCIES: Department of Defense...respect to Costa Rica, the United States-Oman Free Trade Agreement, and the United States-Peru...rule. The interim rule added Costa Rica, Oman, and Peru to the definition of...

2010-03-19

241

3 CFR 8332 - Proclamation 8332 of December 29, 2008. To Implement the United States-Oman Free Trade Agreement  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2008. To Implement the United States-Oman Free Trade Agreement 8332 Proclamation...8332 To Implement the United States-Oman Free Trade AgreementBy the President of...States entered into the United States-Oman Free Trade Agreement (the...

2009-01-01

242

The prevalence and causes of blindness in the Sultanate of Oman: the Oman Eye Study (OES)  

PubMed Central

Aims: To estimate the magnitude and the causes of blindness through a community based nationwide survey in Oman. This was conducted in 1996–7. Methods: A stratified cluster random sampling procedure was used to select 12 400 people. The WHO/PBD standardised survey methodology was used, with suitable adaptation. The major causes of blindness were identified among those found blind. Results: A total of 11 417 people were examined (response rate 91.8%) The prevalence of blindness in the Omani population was estimated to be 1.1% (95% CI 0.9 to 1.3), blindness being defined according to the WHO Tenth Revision of the International Classification of Diseases. Prevalence of blindness was clearly related to increasing age, with estimates of 0.08% for the 0–14 age group, 0.1% for the 15–39 age group, 2.3% for the 40–59 age group, and 16.8% for the group aged 60 +. There was a statistically significant difference between the prevalence in females (1.4%) and males (0.8%). The northern and central regions had a higher prevalence of blindness (1.3% to 3%). The major causes of blindness were unoperated cataract (30.5%), trachomatous corneal opacities (23.7%), and glaucoma (11.5%) Conclusions: Despite an active eye healthcare programme, blindness due to cataract and trachoma remains a public health problem of great concern in several regions of the sultanate. These results highlight the need, when planning effective intervention strategies, to target the eye healthcare programme to the ageing population, with special emphasis on women.

Khandekar, R; Mohammed, A J; Negrel, A D; Al Riyami, A

2002-01-01

243

Getting Its Ducks in a Row? Qatar Foundation's Agreement with HEC Paris and the Launch of the Qatar Foundation Management, Education and Research Centre  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Last week, private, non-profit organisation the Qatar Foundation (QF) announced a partnership agreement with French business institution HEC Paris to offer executive education programmes. According to the terms of the agreement, a full-time faculty will provide executive and short certificate programmes and corporate-specific training, including…

Observatory on Borderless Higher Education, 2010

2010-01-01

244

Aetiology and causal agents of mango sudden decline disease in the Sultanate of Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mango sudden decline is a recently introduced, economically serious disease in Oman. Affected mango trees have wilting symptoms that usually begin on one side and later spread to involve the entire tree. Trees exude amber-coloured gum from the bark of their trunks or branches and vascular tissues are discoloured. Having entered Oman in the recent past, survey data is presented

A. O. Al Adawi; M. L. Deadman; A. K. Al Rawahi; Y. M. Al Maqbali; A. A. Al Jahwari; B. A. Al Saadi; I. S. Al Amri; M. J. Wingfield

2006-01-01

245

Managing Quality from a Distance: A Case Study of Collaboration between Oman and New Zealand  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Both the public and private higher education sectors in Oman are undergoing rapid change in the number and type of local and foreign degrees offered. The Sultanate is developing a comprehensive quality assurance system to ensure the educational appropriateness of all degrees awarded in Oman. This paper examines the collaboration between the…

O'Rourke, Susan; Al Bulushi, H. A.

2010-01-01

246

Oman: Reform, Security, and U.S. Policy, January 6, 2011.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Sultanate of Oman is a long-time U.S. ally in the Persian Gulf. It has allowed U.S. access to its military facilities for virtually every U.S. military operation in and around the Gulf since 1980, despite the sensitivities in Oman and throughout the M...

K. Katzman

2011-01-01

247

Oman: Reform, Security, and U.S. Policy. Updated August 10, 2010.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Sultanate of Oman is a long-time U.S. ally in the Persian Gulf. It has allowed U.S. access to its military facilities for virtually every U.S. military operation in and around the Gulf since 1980, despite the sensitivities in Oman and throughout the M...

K. Katzman

2010-01-01

248

Monthly average daily solar radiation and clearness index contour maps over Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using meteorological data spanning more than ten years in Oman, radial basis function neural networks were developed for estimation of the solar radiation and clearness index for any location in Oman, given its longitude, latitude, altitude, sunshine hours and month of the year. Data generated for 25 different locations were then used to plot contour maps for monthly average daily

Ali Al-Lawati; Atsu S. S Dorvlo; Joseph A Jervase

2003-01-01

249

A road map to Translational Medicine in Qatar and a model for the world  

PubMed Central

Translational Medicine (TM) in Qatar is part of a concerted effort of the Qatari medical and scientific leadership supported by a strong political will by Qatari authorities to deliver world-class health care to Qatari residents while participating in the worldwide quest to bridge the gap between bench-to-bedside-to-community. TM programs should embrace the Qatar National vision for research to become an international hub of excellence in research and development, based on intellectual merit, contributing to global knowledge and adhering to international standards, to innovate by translating new and original ideas into useful applications, to be inclusive at the national and international level, to build and maintain a competitive and diversified economy and ultimately improve the health and well-being of the Qatar’s population. Although this writing focuses on Qatar, we hope that the thoughts expressed here may be of broader use for the development of any TM program particularly in regions where an established academic community surrounded by a rich research infrastructure and/or a vibrant biotechnology enterprise is not already present.

2012-01-01

250

A market basket survey of As, Zn and Se in rice imports in Qatar: Health implications.  

PubMed

Qatar is dependent on importation of rice, its staple dish, and is therefore susceptible to compromises of food quality in the global market. This market basket study assesses potential health risks of As exposure from rice consumption in Qatar and examines its contribution to the recommended nutritional intakes (RNI) for Zn and Se. Fifty-six rice types and 12 products sold in Qatar were analyzed by ICP/MS. Mean concentrations and ranges were 96.2±54.1?g/kg (9.76-258?g/kg) for As; 12.5±5.35mg/kg (2.79-29.9mg/kg) for Zn and 103±113?g/kg (<5.94-422?g/kg) for Se. Calculated risk quotient shows rice consumption in Qatar is not a significant route of As exposure but can contribute up to 100% and 50% of the RNI for Se and Zn, respectively. Results indicate that children in Qatar may be at elevated risk of arsenic exposure from rice-based infant cereals but more data is needed to obtain a definitive assessment. PMID:24813761

Rowell, Candace; Kuiper, Nora; Al-Saad, Khalid; Nriagu, Jerome; Shomar, Basem

2014-08-01

251

Aligning Post-Secondary Educational Choices to Societal Needs: A New Scholarship System for Qatar. Technical Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Qatar is experiencing previously unprecedented social and economic development, linked to increased participation in the global market. Growing employment opportunities for Qatari nationals require greater attention to post-secondary education and the development of specific high-demand skills. Since the 1970s, Qatar has complemented its…

Augustine, Catherine H.; Krop, Cathy

2008-01-01

252

Education for a New Era: Design and Implementation of K-12 Education Reform in Qatar. Executive Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The leadership of Qatar has a social and political vision that calls for improving the outcomes of the Qatari K-12 education system. With this vision in mind, the leadership asked RAND to examine Qatar's K-12 education system, to recommend options for building a world-class system, and, subsequently, to develop the chosen option and support its…

Brewer, Dominic J.; Augustine, Catherine H.; Zellman, Gail L.; Ryan, Gery; Goldman, Charles A.; Stasz, Cathleen; Constant, Louay

2007-01-01

253

Aligning Post-Secondary Educational Choices to Societal Needs: A New Scholarship System for Qatar. Technical Report Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Qatar is experiencing previously unprecedented social and economic development, linked to increased participation in the global market. Growing employment opportunities for Qatari nationals require greater attention to post-secondary education and the development of specific high-demand skills. Since the 1970s, Qatar has complemented its…

Augustine, Catherine H.; Krop, Cathy

2008-01-01

254

All That Glitters Is Not Gold: Challenges of Teacher and School Leader Licensure Licensing System in Qatar  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2001, the Government of Qatar began a comprehensive education reform (Education for a New Era) based on RAND's recommendations and options for building an educational system that would meet the country's changing needs. Nine years later, Qatar's educational landscape has significantly changed. Among these changes is the introduction of…

Ellili-Cherif, Maha; Romanowski, Michael H.; Nasser, Ramzi

2012-01-01

255

Characterization of cyclic and acyclic alkanes in Forties and Kuwait petroleum crudes  

SciTech Connect

Alkane hydrocarbon fractions from Forties (North Sea) and Kuwait petroleum crudes, separated by distillation, solvent extraction and silicagel column chromatography and sub-fractionated by molecular-sieve adsorption, have been examined by gas chromatography (GC), {sup 1}H and {sup 13}C NMR spectroscopy, GC-mass spectrometry (MS) and field desorption (FD)MS. GC indicates that Forties contains rather more acyclic isoprenoids and cyclic alkanes than Kuwait; FDMS of Kuwait shows molecular-weight ranges for mono-, di-, tri-, tetra-, and pentacyclic alkanes. {sup 13}C NMR spectra provide evidence of higher aromatic carbon, C{sub A}, in Forties than Kuwait and longer T{sub 1} relaxation times.

Jones, D.W. (Chemistry and Chemical Technology, Univ. of Bradford, Bradford BD7 1DP (GB)); Pakdel, H. (Dept. de Genie Chimique, Univ. Laval, Cite Univ., Quebec G1K 6P4 (CA)); Bartle, K.D. (School of Chemistry, Univ. of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT (GB))

1990-01-01

256

Tsunami Hazard Assessment along the Coast of Oman from Near- and Far-field Tectonic Sources  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Coastal areas of Oman are exposed to tsunami threat associated with earthquakes generated in two major subduction zones, namely Makran and Sumatra. Both zones were responsible of triggering tsunamis that reached/impacted Oman coast. The Mw8.1 earthquake event of 1945, occurred in Makran zone, has caused a tsunami that was reported to affect the coast of Oman. The Mw9.2 Indian Ocean event of 2004 triggered a tsunami that was recorded in various tide-gauges stations of Oman with wave amplitude reaching ~1.7m in the port of Salalah. This work aims to assess tsunami hazard along the Oman coast considering both deterministic and probabilistic approaches. Deterministic approach uses particular source scenarios (most credible and/or worst case) from Makran and Sumatra subduction zones and computes the tsunami coastal impact through numerical modeling of expected waveforms, maximum wave heights distribution, and site-specific inundations. While, probabilistic approach includes the contribution of small and large sources and employs the probabilistic seismic hazard assessment together with the numerical modeling to evaluate the likelihood that a certain level of tsunami threat is exceeded at a certain location of Oman coast within a certain period of time. We present deterministic results in terms of regional scale distribution of maximum wave heights, tsunami waveforms computation, and inundation maps for a selected coastal area. For probabilistic assessment, we derive 250- and 500-years probability hazard exceedance maps and hazard curves for the Oman coast. The hazard maps consist of computing the likelihood that tsunami waves exceed a specific amplitude for the entire coast of Oman, and the hazard curves describe the variation of cumulative probabilities as function of wave amplitudes at some critical coastal points. Finally, we discuss the usefulness of obtained results for tsunami mitigation in Oman. Keywords: Tsunami, Oman, Deterministic approach, Probabilistic approach.

El-Hussain, Issa; Baptista, Maria; Omira, Rachid; Al-Rawas, Ghazi; Deif, Ahmed; Al-Habsi, Zaid; Al-Jabri, Khalifa

2014-05-01

257

The hydrogeology of complex lens conditions in Qatar  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The emirate of Qatar lies on a peninsula extending northward from the mainland of Saudi Arabia into the Arabian Gulf. The peninsula is underlain by sedimentary rocks ranging from late Cretaceous to Holocene age but only two Lower Tertiary units are identified as aquifers. The groundwater distribution in these units is seen to be controlled by facies distributions related to tectonically controlled sedimentation and subsequent dissolution. Dissolution has created permeability, in the Umm er Rhaduma limestones and in the overlying Rus anhydrites. In the latter case the dissolution has lead to extensive surface collapse which has provided a mechanism for recharge from runoff. Despite very low rainfall and high evaporation rates, recharge related to storm runoff has resulted in the establishment of a complex fresh groundwater lens in both aquifer units. The lens is constrained by saline groundwaters which in the lower unit are controlled by heads in eastern Saudi Arabia but in the upper unit by the Arabian Gulf sea level. Groundwater abstraction is shown to be distorting the fresh groundwater lens configuration, and estimates of the resultant flow responses affecting the lens are given.

Lloyd, J. W.; Pike, J. G.; Eccleston, B. L.; Chidley, T. R. E.

1987-01-01

258

A case of crimean-congo hemorrhagic Fever in oman.  

PubMed

In the summer of June 2011, the first case of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) was observed in Oman since the last fifteen years. The first blood sample using reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test were sent looking for CCHF, tick-borne encephalitis, dengue, Japanese encephalitis, Chikungunya and West Nile. All resulted as negative. The repeated serology for CCHF came strongly positive after five days from the initial negative test, and accordingly patient started on ribavirin and he responded to it. His condition improved dramatically. PMID:23772290

Al-Zadjali, Matllooba; Al-Hashim, Hakeem; Al-Ghilani, Mohammad; Balkhiar, Abdullah

2013-05-01

259

A Case of Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever in Oman  

PubMed Central

In the summer of June 2011, the first case of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) was observed in Oman since the last fifteen years. The first blood sample using reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test were sent looking for CCHF, tick-borne encephalitis, dengue, Japanese encephalitis, Chikungunya and West Nile. All resulted as negative. The repeated serology for CCHF came strongly positive after five days from the initial negative test, and accordingly patient started on ribavirin and he responded to it. His condition improved dramatically.

Al-Zadjali, Matllooba; Al-Hashim, Hakeem; Al-Ghailani, Mohammad; Balkhair, Abdullah

2013-01-01

260

Epidemiology of meningitis in Oman, 2000-2005.  

PubMed

We reviewed the epidemiologic features and trends for 771 cases of meningitis in Oman from January 2000 to December 2005. We found 69% were bacterial in origin and 13% were viral. Leading bacterial pathogens included Haemophilus influenzae (15%), Streptococcus pneumoniae (14%) and Nesseria meningitidis (12%). For 56% of patients with suspected pyogenic meningitis, no specific bacterial pathogen could be identified. Peak occurrence was in children under 2 years old. The incidence of H. influenzae type b decreased by almost 100% after implementation of the national immunization programme in 2001, while the incidence of cases caused by S. pneumoniae and N. meningitidis remained steady. PMID:20218125

Dash, N; Al Khusaiby, S; Behlim, T; Mohammadi, A; Mohammadi, E; Al Awaidy, S

2009-01-01

261

Cost effectiveness of a pentavalent rotavirus vaccine in Oman  

PubMed Central

Background Rotavirus gastroenteritis (RGE) is the leading cause of diarrhea in young children in Oman, incurring substantial healthcare and economic burden. We propose to formally assess the potential cost effectiveness of implementing universal vaccination with a pentavalent rotavirus vaccine (RV5) on reducing the health care burden and costs associated with rotavirus gastroenteritis (RGE) in Oman Methods A Markov model was used to compare two birth cohorts, including children who were administered the RV5 vaccination versus those who were not, in a hypothetical group of 65,500 children followed for their first 5 years of life in Oman. The efficacy of the vaccine in reducing RGE-related hospitalizations, emergency department (ED) and office visits, and days of parental work loss for children receiving the vaccine was based on the results of the Rotavirus Efficacy and Safety Trial (REST). The outcome of interest was cost per quality-adjusted life year (QALY) gained from health care system and societal perspectives. Results A universal RV5 vaccination program is projected to reduce, hospitalizations, ED visits, outpatient visits and parental work days lost due to rotavirus infections by 89%, 80%, 67% and 74%, respectively. In the absence of RV5 vaccination, RGE-related societal costs are projected to be 2,023,038 Omani Rial (OMR) (5,259,899 United States dollars [USD]), including 1,338,977 OMR (3,481,340 USD) in direct medical costs. However, with the introduction of RV5, direct medical costs are projected to be 216,646 OMR (563,280 USD). Costs per QALY saved would be 1,140 OMR (2,964 USD) from the health care payer perspective. An RV5 vaccination program would be considered cost saving, from the societal perspective. Conclusions Universal RV5 vaccination in Oman is likely to significantly reduce the health care burden and costs associated with rotavirus gastroenteritis and may be cost-effective from the payer perspective and cost saving from the societal perspective.

2014-01-01

262

The crisis in Kuwait and U. S. refiners' travail  

SciTech Connect

The August 2, 1990, invasion of Kuwait on the part of Iraq has set in motion an accelerated domino affect in US fuels markets. The impact on US refiners has been generally negative, both in terms of margins and perceptions of same. This issue of Energy Detente (ED) updates a few directional indicators that affect refining margins and considers longer-term refining capacity requirements in the US. ED feels the invasion of Kuwait might force oil companies to allocate more talent, time, and financial resources to public affairs. This issue also contains the following: (1) The ED Refining Netback Data Series for the US Gulf and West Coasts, Rotterdam, and Singapore as of Aug. 24, 1990; and (2) the ED Fuel Price/Tax Series for countries of the Eastern Hemisphere Aug. 1990 edition. 4 figs., 5 tabs.

Not Available

1990-08-31

263

Assessment of sand encroachment in Kuwait using GIS  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Assessment of sand encroachment in Kuwait using Geographical Information System (GIS) technology has been formulated as a Multi-Criteria Decision Making problem. The Delphi method and Analytical Hierarchy Process were adopted as evaluating techniques, in which experts’ judgments were analyzed for objectively estimating and weighting control factors. Seven triggering factors, depicted in the form of maps, were identified and ordered according to their priority. These factors are (1) wind energy; (2) surface sediment; (3) vegetation density; (4) land use; (5) drainage density; (6) topographic change and (7) vegetation type. The factor maps were digitized, converted to raster data and overlaid to determine their possible spatial relationships. Applying a susceptibility model, a map of sand encroachment susceptibility in Kuwait was developed. The map showed that the areas of very high and high sand encroachment susceptibility are located within the main corridor of sand pathway that coincides with the northwesterly dominant wind direction.

Al-Helal, Anwar B.; Al-Awadhi, Jasem M.

2006-04-01

264

Medical library services in Kuwait: history and future prospects.  

PubMed Central

Despite immense resources and a growing interest in education and libraries, library development in Kuwait has been restricted by the problems common to all developing countries. These include an overdose of bureaucracy, lack of trained librarians, and little perception of the library's importance in the educational system. Medical librarianship is virtually a new field. The only medical library of any significance in the country is the Faculty of Medicine Library established in 1974 to serve the newly organized Faculty of Medicine of Kuwait University. In recent years, the Faculty of Medicine Library has gone through several reassessments and many changes. It has expanded its collection, begun computerized searching, and recruited several professional librarians. Now semiautonomous from the university's Libraries Department and housed in a new, modern building, the library has the potential to become the main medical library in the Persian Gulf area.

Sullivan, M G; Brennen, P W

1984-01-01

265

Primary nephrotic syndrome in Arab children in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fifty-five Arab children with primary nephrotic syndrome (PNS) were seen at two regional hospitals in Kuwait over a 5-year period. There were 35 boys and 20 girls with a mean age of 5.3 years. The annual incidence was 7.2 and 6.0 per 100,000 children below 10 and 12 years of age, respectively. An initial response to steroids was noted in

Mohammed Zaki; Ingemar Helin; Darma S. Manandhar; Milroy C. J. Hunt; Ahmed F. Khalil

1989-01-01

266

Palaeohydrogeology and Water Quality Control of the Tertiary Aquifer, Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

The State of Kuwait is located at the northwestern corner of the Arabian Gulf and covers an area of about ?18,000 km2. The aquifer under investigation is the Eocene Dammam limestone aquifer. This paper discusses the hydrochemistry of the aquifer through the period 1972–2002 in order to identify the chemical and genetic types of groundwater, and to reveal the prevailing

F. M. Al-Ruwaih; L. A. Talebi; J. Almedeij

2007-01-01

267

Violence against nurses in healthcare facilities in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

A national cross-sectional survey was conducted to document the prevalence and determinants of violence against nurses in healthcare facilities in Kuwait. It involved all nurses employed in all types of health-related facilities and available in the country in May 1999. The questionnaire was completed by 5876 nurses (85% females, 88% non-Kuwaitis). Verbal violence had been experienced in the 6 previous

Salim M Adib; Ahmad K Al-Shatti; Shadia Kamal; Najwa El-Gerges; Mariam Al-Raqem

2002-01-01

268

Potential wind power generation in the State of Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

The wind characteristics of six locations in the State of Kuwait have been assessed. The annual average wind speed for the considered sites ranged from 3.7 to 5.5m\\/s and a mean wind power density from 80 to 167W\\/m2 at standard height of 10m. The Weibull parameters and power density of each station have been determined using Weibull distribution. The wind

W. Al-Nassar; S. Alhajraf; A. Al-Enizi; L. Al-Awadhi

2005-01-01

269

Paediatric burns in Kuwait: Incidence, causes and mortality  

Microsoft Academic Search

From a prospective study on burn patients admitted at the Burn Center in Kuwait during 1993–2001, 826 paediatric burn cases, in 0–14 years age group, were retrieved to study incidence, causes, and mortality among children. The demographic characteristics, clinical features, and outcome constituted our data file in Statistical Software, SPSS. Overall incidence rate was 17.5\\/100,000 children aged 0–14 years, being

Prem N. Sharma; Rameshwar L. Bang; Ahmad N. Al-Fadhli; Promila Sharma; Sarla Bang; Ibrahim E. Ghoneim

2006-01-01

270

Factors affecting future specialty choice among medical students in Kuwait  

PubMed Central

Background Choosing a medical specialty can be either a daunting and confusing experience for some medical students and junior doctors or a foregone conclusion to others. The aim of this study is to evaluate factors affecting future specialty choice among medical students in Kuwait University. Methods A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data from medical students registered in Kuwait University during the academic year 2011/2012. Chi-square test and logistic regression were used to test the association between deciding a future specialty and students’ sociodemographic and academic factors. Results Of the 422 students approached, 387 (91.7%) decided to participate. A total of 144 (37.2%) students made a decision regarding their choice of future medical specialty. Pediatrics, general surgery, and cardiology were the most desired specialties – 18 (12.5%), 17 (11.8%), and 16 (11.1%) students requested these specialties, respectively. Only 61 (42.4%) of those who selected a future specialty received advice regarding their choice. Looking for a good treatment outcome for patients (66; 45.8%) and a challenging specialty (58; 40.3%) were the most influencing incentives when selecting a future specialty. Students in the clinical phase of their study were 3.014 (95% CI: 1.498–6.065) more likely to report on their decision regarding a future specialty compared to students in the basic medical sciences phase (p=0.002). Conclusion A variety of factors appeared to inspire medical students in Kuwait to choose a future medical specialty. When identified, these factors can be used by mentors of medical students and directors of residency training programs to motivate students to choose specialties that are limited in Kuwait.

Al-Fouzan, Rawan; Al-Ajlan, Sarah; Marwan, Yousef; Al-Saleh, Mervat

2012-01-01

271

Trace Metal Toxicity to Phytoplankton of Kuwait Coastal Waters  

Microsoft Academic Search

Trace metal concentrations in phytoplankton were determined in seven locations (Stations I–VII) of the Kuwait Coast, known for significant industrial and recreational activities. Trace metal concentrations in phytoplankton (20–200 µm size) occurred in the sequence of Zn>Pb>Cu>Ni at Stations I–III and VII, and Zn>Cu>Ni>Pb at Stations IV–VI. Station III showed higher concentrations of all the analyzed metals than at other

A. H. Bu-Olayan; R. Al-Hassan; B. V. Thomas

2001-01-01

272

The efficiency of public schools: the case of Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the technical, and allocative efficiencies of public schools in Kuwait over four levels of schooling (kindergartens, primary, intermediate and secondary) and two periods (1999\\/2000 and 2004\\/2005) using data envelopment analysis. Mean pure technical efficiency varies between 0.695 and 0.852 across all levels of education; the majority of schools at kindergarten, primary and intermediate levels are operating at

Nadeem A. Burney; Jill Johnes; Mohammed Al-Enezi; Marwa Al-Musallam

2011-01-01

273

Spatial and temporal characterizations of water quality in Kuwait Bay.  

PubMed

The spatial and temporal patterns of water quality in Kuwait Bay have been investigated using data from six stations between 2009 and 2011. The results showed that most of water quality parameters such as phosphorus (PO4), nitrate (NO3), dissolved oxygen (DO), and Total Suspended Solids (TSS) fluctuated over time and space. Based on Water Quality Index (WQI) data, six stations were significantly clustered into two main classes using cluster analysis, one group located in western side of the Bay, and other in eastern side. Three principal components are responsible for water quality variations in the Bay. The first component included DO and pH. The second included PO4, TSS and NO3, and the last component contained seawater temperature and turbidity. The spatial and temporal patterns of water quality in Kuwait Bay are mainly controlled by seasonal variations and discharges from point sources of pollution along Kuwait Bay's coast as well as from Shatt Al-Arab River. PMID:24768174

Al-Mutairi, N; Abahussain, A; El-Battay, A

2014-06-15

274

Foreign workers in Kuwait: implications for the Kuwaiti labor force.  

PubMed

An analysis of the foreign population in Kuwait shows that foreign nationals make up 60 percent of the population and 78 percent of the labor force in Kuwait. The implications of these figures for the Kuwaiti labor force are discussed by analyzing the occupational structures of Kuwaitis and non-Kuwaitis. "Structural analysis of the labor force indicates that 62 percent of Kuwaiti males are concentrated in administrative and service occupations while their percentage in sales and production work has declined during 1970-80. This demonstrates the need for reorienting educational/training programs and changing Kuwaiti attitudes towards manual work to ensure the realization of the 'Kuwaitization' process, and balance the nationals with foreign nationals." mortality has stabilized at relatively high levels and there is resistance to family planning. The author concludes that the main cause of the stalling of the demographic transition process is to be found in the role of the state and the dynamics of the social structure and that "demographic trends will depend more on the changes in social structure, land reforms, and response of the formal governing system to the needs of the underprivileged sections of the society, rather than on the health and family planning policies." PMID:12268290

Shah, N M

1986-01-01

275

Exhumation of high-pressure rocks in northeastern Oman  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The exhumation of high-P rocks in the northeast Saih Hatat window, Oman Mountains, formed regional nappes associated with greenschist-facies metamorphism. Exhumation resulted in the juxtaposition of two plates with different structural style, stratigraphy, and metamorphic history. A major crustal discontinuity separates the two plates, with lower-metamorphic-grade rocks in the hanging wall. Lower-plate units were exhumed during strong top-to-the-northeast shearing, resulting in the formation of regional closures that evolved by folding and transposition of the high-pressure fabrics while the lithostatic pressure was decreasing. Upper-plate units were later exhumed with the juxtaposition of the two plates, truncation of lower-plate closures, and the formation of upper-plate nappes that are attenuated and sheathlike toward the upper and lower plate boundary. In some high-P terranes, apparent increases in metamorphic-grade down structural section and low-grade C?-type shear bands are often attributed to extensional exhumation. In Oman, however, these exhumation features formed during crustal-scale contraction at a convergent margin. The low-geothermal-gradient regimes afforded by convergent margins are critical for the generation and preservation of high-P low-T rocks.

McL. Miller, J.; Gray, D. R.; Gregory, R. T.

1998-03-01

276

Peperites and associated pillow lavas subjacent to the Oman Ophiolite  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Peperites are breccias consisting of a mix of cooled magma and sediment. They result from the intrusion of molten rock into water-saturated sediments. We report an occurrence of peperite in the Oman—United Arab Emirates (UAE) border region of Khattm al Shiklah, and characterize samples that have been collected from 6 locations east of Al Ain, UAE at Jabal Um Bak Jabal Hamra, and Jabal Dai in Oman. Geochemical analysis indicates that the magmas represented in these samples are related. In addition, field relations of the pillow lavas surrounded by limestone with deformed bedding and peperite boundaries between the pillows and the limestone are consistent with the pillow lavas forming directly within carbonate sediments. It is likely that the ambient pressure was great enough and cooling of the magma rapid enough to prevent large explosions. The fact that the magma also formed pillows is evidence of this. The rapid quenching of the magma by water-saturated, fine, unconsolidated sediments likely produced conditions similar to those attending pillow lava formation directly into water.

Jordan, Benjamin R.; Fowler, Abdel-Rahman; Mahmoud, Bahaa El Dein; El-Saiy, Ayman K.; Abdelghanny, Osman

2008-06-01

277

Relatives' Advice and Health Care-Seeking Behaviour in Oman  

PubMed Central

Objectives: It has been well established that pathways to care are considerably modified by local, social and psychological characteristics as well as the doctor-patient relationship. Scant attention has been paid to the role of family advice in care-seeking. In Omani society, traditional family values and a collective mindset are the norm rather than the exception. This paper examines how family advice affects the trajectory of care seeking. Methodology: During 2006–2007, data was collected through face-to-face interviews among a randomised sample of patients seeking medical consultation in various primary health care centres in the northern region of Oman. This study enrolled a total of 493 patients. The association between the advice of family members as a reason to seek health care and other predictors was analysed using multivariable logistic regression. Results: The data suggest that the advice of family members in care-seeking is strongly associated with gender, education, history of chronic illness, previous exposure to traditional medicine, and health education, as well as the history of immunisation. Conclusion: These findings suggest that the advice of family members remains a strong catalyst for care-seeking in Oman. The psychosocial factors affecting care-seeking leading to underutilisation of services or otherwise are discussed.

Al-Mandhari, Ahmed; Al-Adawi, Samir; Al-Zakwani, Ibrahim; Al-Shafaee, Mohammed; Eloul, Liyam

2009-01-01

278

Masirah Graben, Oman: A hidden Cretaceous rift basin  

SciTech Connect

Reflection seismic data, well data, geochemical data, and surface geology suggest that a Cretaceous rift basin exists beneath the thrusted allochthonous sedimentary sequence of the Masirah graben, Oman. The Masirah graben is located east of the Huqf uplift, parallel to the southern coast of Oman. The eastern side of the northeast-trending Huqf anticlinorium is bounded by an extensional fault system that is downthrown to the southeast, forming the western edge of the Masirah graben. This graben is limited to the east by a large wedge of sea floor sediments and oceanic crust, that is stacked as imbricate thrusts. These sediments/ophiolites were obducted onto the southern margin of the Arabian plate during the collision of the Indian/Afghan plates at the end of the Cretaceous. Most of the Masirah graben is covered by an allochthonous sedimentary sequence, which is complexly folded and deformed above a detachment. This complexly deformed sequence contrasts sharply with what is believed to be a rift sequence below the ophiolites. The sedimentary sequence in the Masirah graben was stable until further rifting of the Arabian Sea/Gulf of Aden in the late Tertiary, resulting in reactivation of earlier rift-associated faults. Wells drilled in the Masirah graben in the south penetrated reservoir quality rocks in the Lower Cretaceous Natih and Shuaiba carbonates. Analyses of oil extracted from Infracambrian sedimentary rocks penetrated by these wells suggest an origin from a Mesozoic source rock.

Beauchamp, W.H. [Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States); Ries, A.C. [Ries-Coward Associates Ltd., Caversham (United Kingdom); Coward, M.P. [Imperial College, London (United Kingdom)] [and others

1995-06-01

279

Performance and water requirement of young olives (Olea europaea L.) in the harsh environment of Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the harsh environmental conditions of Kuwait, plants are frequently exposed to high temperatures, low relative humidity and drought. Because water resources available for agriculture are limited, an efficient irrigation strategy is vital for sustainable olive production. In view of these facts, a study to determine the behavior and water requirement of young olive plants under Kuwait's environmental conditions was

Narayana R. Bhat; Habibah Al-Manaie; Majda K. Suleiman; Laila Al-Mulla; Franco Famiani; Gladson DCruz; Binson Thomas

2012-01-01

280

Performance and water requirement of young olives (Olea europaea L.) in the harsh environment of Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the harsh environmental conditions of Kuwait, plants are frequently exposed to high temperatures, low relative humidity and drought. Because water resources available for agriculture are limited, an efficient irrigation strategy is vital for sustainable olive production. In view of these facts, a study to determine the behavior and water requirement of young olive plants under Kuwait's environmental conditions was

Narayana R. Bhat; Habibah Al-Manaie; Majda K. Suleiman; Laila Al-Mulla; Franco Famiani; Gladson DCruz; Binson Thomas

2011-01-01

281

Geographical Information System Based Analysis of Paleofluvial System in the Kuwait Region  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hydrologic mapping and modeling of valley networks using Landsat 7 resolution image and SRTM-derived topographic data to quantitatively characterize surface fluvial systems and analyze the role of water in the evolution of the Kuwait region has been completed. SRTM-derived Digital Elevation Models (DEM) were combined to build a regional DEM mosaic for the Kuwait region, which was the basis for

R. Mohammad; W. Harbert

2006-01-01

282

Biopsied Jaw Lesions in Kuwait: A Six-Year Retrospective Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the relative frequency of jaw lesions in Kuwait. Materials and Methods: Biopsy records and microscopic sections of all jaw biopsies seen in the Department of Histopathology at Amiri Hospital, Kuwait, during the period January 2004 to December 2009 were reviewed. The biopsies were divided into three major groups: developmental\\/inflammatory\\/reactive lesions (group

Mohammad A. Ali

2011-01-01

283

Managing Time: A Study among Arab Open University Tutors in Kuwait Branch  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper was to investigate how tutors at the Arab Open University (AOU) in Kuwait Branch manage their time given workloads they are assigned. Group interviews were conducted with a sample that was selected from AOU tutors in Kuwait branch. The findings showed that tutors do not ask for more time or cut down workloads; instead,…

Sharif, Abdin M.; Ismail, Omer H.

2010-01-01

284

Sources, distribution and composition of the suspended sediments, Kuwait Bay, Northern Arabian Gulf  

Microsoft Academic Search

Qualitative and quantitative assessment of suspended sediment levels and transport pathways in Kuwait's northern territorial waters are described, with special reference to Kuwait Bay. Near-surface water samples were collected from 12 stations, covering the whole of the embayment. Suspended sediment concentrations (SSCs) were derived. Heavy metal concentrations, mineralogical composition and grain size constituents were derived for the suspended sediments retained

A. N. Al-Ghadban; A. El-Sammak

2005-01-01

285

The Development and Initial Operation of the Shuwaikh Industrial Training Centre. Kuwait. Technical Report No. 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report covers the technical cooperation given to the government of Kuwait by the International Labour Organization as part of a United Nations Development Program. Due to the unemployment rate of the Kuwaitis, the government of Kuwait decided to establish industrial vocational training facilities. The training center commenced activities on…

International Labour Organisation, Geneva (Switzerland).

286

Self-Monitoring of Blood Pressure and the Role of Community Pharmacists in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To determine the types of devices for self-monitoring of blood pressure available to consumers in Kuwait and the pharmacists’ knowledge and level of information provided to consumers when purchasing such devices.Materials and Methods: It was possible to contact 196 of the 230 eligible pharmacies from five governorates in Kuwait. Ten of these were used to pretest the questionnaire and

Wandikayi C. Matowe; Eman A. Abahussain; Abdelmoneim Awad; Phillip A. Capps

2008-01-01

287

Meeting the Challenge: Quality Systems in Private Higher Education in Kuwait  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Kuwait, as in other rapidly-developing higher education systems, one major area of concern is ensuring the quality of education offered by private providers. This paper briefly reviews the history of the development of higher education in Kuwait since its inception in 1936. It considers various quality systems currently in place in other…

Al-Atiqi, Imad M.; Alharbi, Lafi M.

2009-01-01

288

Kuwait: Security, Reform, and U.S. Policy. Updated December 6, 2012.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Kuwait was pivotal to two decades of U.S. efforts to end a strategic threat posed by Iraq, because of its location, its role as the object of past Iraqi aggression, and its close cooperation with the United States. Kuwait is key to the U.S. ability to int...

K. Katzman

2012-01-01

289

Kuwait: Security, Reform, and U.S. Policy. Updated April 11, 2012.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Kuwait has been pivotal to two decades of U.S. efforts to end a strategic threat posed by Iraq. Because of its location and close cooperation with the United States, Kuwait is central to U.S. efforts to remain engaged in the northern Persian Gulf region f...

K. Katzman

2012-01-01

290

Evaluation of the In-Service Education and Training Programme for Kuwait Army Instructors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluates the In-Service Education and Training (INSET) programme organised for Kuwait Army instructors. The focus is on their perceptual gain in related topics and skills, as they attended 10 courses at the College of Education--Kuwait University. Pre- and post-assessments involved 20 trainees. The analysis indicates significant…

Al-Mutawa, Najat; Al-Furaih, Suad

2005-01-01

291

Primary School Teachers' Perceptions regarding ICT Usage and Equipment in Kuwait  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education institutions around the world have seen rapid advances in ICT (Information Communication Technology) within the classroom since the mid 90's. Kuwait has realized the need for a high quality education system, and has seen huge increases in government funding for schools over the last 10 years. However, Kuwait's spending on technology and…

Alharbi, Ghazwa

2012-01-01

292

Impact of safety belt use on road accident injury and injury type in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

The enactment of Kuwait’s seat belt law in January 1994 provided an opportunity to examine the impact of seat belt use on road accident fatalities and injury types in this affluent Persian Gulf nation. Via a structured data form, the results of injurious\\/fatal road accidents for more than 1200 accident victims were gathered from the files of the six major

Parviz A Koushki; Mahmood A Bustan; Nabil Kartam

2003-01-01

293

Investigating Students' Attitudes and Preferences towards Learning English at Kuwait University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is performed by conducting a survey analysis to investigate students' attitudes and preferences towards learning English at Kuwait University in non-English major ESL students. The sample size will be roughly 21-22% of a total of 4950 college level English Language learners at Kuwait University where specific English courses are part of…

Al-Bustan, Suad Ahmed; Al-Bustan, Lamees

2009-01-01

294

Studies on mosquito borne dieases in Egypt and Qatar.  

PubMed

Mosquitoes identification, distribution and densities in representative Egyptian Governorates and five Qatarain Municipalities (Al Rayyan, Doha, Al Daayan, Al Khor & Al Zahakira and Al Shamal) were studied. In Qatar the larvae were Culex pipiens complex, C. univettatus, C. pusillus, Aedes caspies, Anopheles multicolor and A. stephensi. C. pipiens and C. univettatus were mainly in Al Rayyan, Doha, and Al Khor & Al Zahakira. C. pusillus was in Doha and Al Daayan while A. caspies was in Al Daayan and Al Shamal. Anopheles multicolor and A. stephensi were mainly in Al Shamal with low density in Al Rayyan (only in Ain-Khalid locution). The Egyptian mosquitoes were C. pipiens, C. antennatus, C. thelerei, C. univittatus, C. perexiguus, C. poicilipes, C. pusillus, Aedes caspius, Ae. detritus, A. sergentii, A. pharoensis, A. multicolor, A. detali, A. algeriensis, A. tenebrosus, A. gambiae (formerly), A. superpictus, A. tarkhadi, A. hispaniola, A. rhodesiensis, A. stephensi, A. coustani and Culiseta longiareolata. As an example in Sharkia Governorate, larvae were C. pipiens (68.77%), Ae. caspius (15.75%), Culiseta sp. (=Theobaldia) and C. pusillus. In Greater Cairo, parts of Qualyoubia G., C. pipiens was the most dominant and the least was C. perexiguus. In parts of Giza G., C. pipiens was the most dominant and least was Cs. longiareolata. In Cairo G., C. pipiens was the most dominant and least was Ae. caspius. The overall in Greater Cairo was C. pipiens (61.74%), Cs. longiareolata (15.56%), Ae. caspius (15.3%), C. pusillus (4.0%) and C. perexiguus (3.16%). PMID:20120742

Mikhail, Micheal W; Al-Bursheed, Khalifa M; Abd El-Halim, Azza S; Morsy, Tosson A

2009-12-01

295

Probabilistic Seismic Hazard assessment for Sultanate of Oman  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Seismic hazard assessment for Oman is conducted utilizing probabilistic approach. Probabilistic Seismic Hazard Assessment (PSHA) has been performed within a logic tree framework. An earthquake catalogue for Oman was compiled and declustered to include only independent earthquakes. The declustered catalogue was used to define seismotectonic source model with 26 source zones that characterize earthquakes in the tectonic environments in and around Oman. The recurrence parameters for all the seismogenic zones are determined using the doubly bounded exponential distribution except the seismogenic zones of Makran subduction zone which were modeled using the characteristic distribution. The maximum earthquakes on known faults were determined geologically and the remaining zones were determined statistically from the compiled catalogue. Horizontal ground accelerations in terms of geometric mean were calculated using ground-motion prediction relationships that were developed from seismic data obtained from the shallow active environment, stable craton environment, and from subduction earthquakes. In this analysis, we have used alternative seismotectonic source models, maximum magnitude, and attenuation models and weighted them to account for the epistemic uncertainty. The application of this methodology leads to the definition of 5% damped seismic hazard maps at rock sites for 72, 475, and 2475 year return periods for spectral accelerations at periods of 0.0 (corresponding to peak ground acceleration), 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 1.0 and 2.0 sec. Mean and 84th percentile acceleration contour maps were represented. The results also were displayed as uniform hazard spectra for rock sites in the cities of Khasab, Diba, Sohar, Muscat, Nizwa, Sur, and Salalah in Oman and the cities of Abu Dhabi and Dubai in UAE. The PGA across Oman ranges from 20 cm/sec2 in the Mid-West and 115 cm/sec2 at the northern part for 475 years return period and between 40 cm/sec2 and 180 cm/sec2 for 2475 years return period. The highest hazard is found in the most northern city (Khasab) close to both Zagros and Makran Zones with maximum spectral accelerations at 0.2 sec period reaching 243 cm/s2 for a return period of 475 years and 397 cm/s2 for 2475 years. Earthquakes at a distance of 90 km from Khasab City contribute most to the hazard of this city at both 475 and 2475 year return period hazard levels for all considered spectral periods. For the cities of Diba, Muscat, Nizwa, Sur, and Salalah, the hazard is dominated by large distant earthquakes at all response periods for 475 year return period, while for the 2475 year return period, the hazard is dominated by nearby small to moderate earthquakes for short spectral periods and by distant larger events for longer ones. The results support the UBC97 classification of Sohar, Muscat, Nizwa, Sur, and Salalah cities to be in Zone 0 (no seismic design required), whereas in Khasab and Diba Zone 1 would be appropriate.

El Hussain, I. W.; Deif, A.; El-Hady, S.; Toksoz, M. N.; Al-Jabri, K.; Al-Hashmi, S.; Al-Toubi, K. I.; Al-Shijbi, Y.; Al-Saifi, M.

2010-12-01

296

Developing a School Finance System for K-12 Reform in Qatar  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reform-minded leaders of Qatar, who have embarked on a sweeping reform of their nation's education system, asked RAND to evaluate the education finance system that has been adopted and to offer suggestions for improvements. The authors analyze the system's evolution and resource allocation patterns between 2004 and 2006 and develop analytic tools…

Guarino, Cassandra M.; Galama, Titus; Constant, Louay; Gonzalez, Gabriella; Tanner, Jeffery C.; Goldman, Charles A.

2009-01-01

297

Exploring the Relationship between Organizational Learning and Career Resilience among Faculty Members at Qatar University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Two main purposes guide this study. The first is to assess the level of individual, group, and organizational learning at Qatar University (QU), and the level of career resilience among its faculty members. The second is to explore the relationships between these levels of learning at QU and the career resilience of its faculty members.…

Abu-Tineh, Abdullah M.

2011-01-01

298

An International Collaboration: Establishing an Education Collection in a Library in Qatar  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Texas A&M University has a history of international collaboration, cooperation and global outreach. Texas A&M University at Qatar provides engineering students in the Middle East with an education, and ultimately, a degree comparable to that found on our home campus in College Station. The Texas A&M University Libraries have provided curricular…

Smith, Jane

2008-01-01

299

Qatar's K-12 Education Reform Has Achieved Success in Its Early Years. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To evaluate progress made in the first years of Qatar's implementation of K-12 education reform, RAND analyzed data from school-level observations, national surveys, and national student assessments. The study found that students in the new, Independent schools were performing better than those in Ministry schools, and there was greater student…

Larson, Judy

2009-01-01

300

Roles and Responsibilities of Teaching Assistants in Primary Independent Schools of Qatar  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this study was to identify the roles and responsibilities of teaching assistants in the primary independent schools in the State of Qatar and to determine whether these roles and responsibilities differed for subgroups in our sample. Results from the study were used to inform and improve certificate programs for teaching assistants.…

Zaki, Eman; Allen, Nancy; Almula, Badriya; Al Motawaha, Fatma; Fakhro, Aisha

2009-01-01

301

Post-Secondary Education in Qatar: Employer Demand, Student Choice, and Options for Policy. Monograph  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Qatar has made significant efforts to improve post-secondary educational opportunities to ensure that its citizens are able to contribute to the country's social and economic goals. These initiatives, however, have not been subjected to a broad strategic review. The authors describe RAND's analysis of skill and occupational demands and related…

Stasz, Cathleen; Eide, Eric R.; Martorell, Francisco

2007-01-01

302

Adequacy, Accountability, Autonomy and Equity in a Middle Eastern School Reform: The Case of Qatar  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines Qatar's recent and ambitious school reform in the early stages of its implementation against a set of four criteria for successful education systems drawn from guidelines developed by the international community: adequacy, accountability, autonomy and gender equity. We investigate both the initial structure of the reform and…

Guarino, Cassandra M.; Tanner, Jeffery C.

2012-01-01

303

National Student Research Fairs as Evidence for Progress in Qatar's Education for a New Era  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the past decade, the State of Qatar has positioned itself as a leader of educational reform. In 2004, Education for a New Era (ENE) established internationally benchmarked curriculum in Qatari "Independent Schools". Educational reform was to provide an educated workforce and economic prosperity based on a competitive, knowledge-based…

Anderson, Margery K.; Alnaimi, Tarfa Nasser; Alhajri, Shaikha Hamad

2010-01-01

304

Mothers' Perceptions of the Treatment of Their Children with Disabilities in Qatar  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article constitutes one part of a study of the perceptions of mothers of children with disabilities in Qatar with the purpose of obtaining mothers' unique perceptions of treatment of their children within their community. Participants included 40 mothers of one or more children with disabilities from ages 4 to 19 who attended the same…

Kay, Alyn K.

2011-01-01

305

Identifying Priorities for Post-Secondary Education in Qatar. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although Qatar has improved its post-secondary educational opportunities, the country's efforts have not undergone a broad strategic review. This study analyzed the extent to which the current offerings can meet the country's future needs and identified priorities for developing further educational options. Researchers found that Qataris' current…

Stasz, Cathleen; Eide, Eric R.; Martorell, Francisco; Salem, Hanine; Constant, Louay; Goldman, Charles A.; Moini, Joy S.; Nadareishvili, Vazha

2007-01-01

306

Promoting Quality and Variety through the Public Financing of Privately Operated Schools in Qatar  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2002, Qatar began establishing publicly funded, privately operated "independent schools" in parallel with the existing, centralized Ministry of Education system. The reform that drove the establishment of the independent schools included accountability provisions such as (a) measuring school and student performance and (b) distributing school…

Constant, Louay; Goldman, Charles A.; Zellman, Gail L.; Augustine, Catherine H.; Galama, Titus; Gonzalez, Gabriella; Guarino, C. A.; Karam, Rita; Ryan, Gery W.; Salem, Hanine

2010-01-01

307

An experience to develop a web portal about the historical and archeological sites in Qatar  

Microsoft Academic Search

Qatar is located in the heart of the Arabian Peninsula. The country possesses many magnificent historical and archaeological sites which are the common heritage and history of the Arab and Muslim people. However, a little of these sites are known to Qatari new generations, tourists and new residents in the country. Umm Salal Mohammed, a ruin of a 19th Century

J. M. AlJa'am; M. AlSaady; M. AlMarri; H. Al-Kuwari

2010-01-01

308

Quality of Life of Caregivers of Children with Autism in Qatar  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: Caring for a child diagnosed with autism could affect the quality of life of the caregiver in various different ways. No previous research has assessed the quality of lives of caregivers of children with autism in Qatar. Methods: Caregivers of a child with autism between 3 and 17 years old were recruited from child rehabilitation…

Kheir, Nadir; Ghoneim, Ola; Sandridge, Amy L.; Al-Ismail, Muna; Hayder, Sara; Al-Rawi, Fadhila

2012-01-01

309

Development of Education in Qatar (1975/76 and 1976/77).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The national educational system of Qatar was established in 1956, when the discovery of oil provided a financial base for educational expansion. The government provides free education from primary school through the university and has stressed a system of incentives for students rather than declaring education compulsory on any level. Four types…

Ministry of Education and Youth Welfare (Qatar).

310

Lessons Learned from Developing and Implementing the Qatar Student Assessment System. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analysis of Qatar's standards-based student assessment system, the first in the region, offers several lessons for other nations instituting similar reforms. These include the need to coordinate on standards and assessment development, allow sufficient time for a fully aligned assessment, and communicate about the purposes and uses of testing.…

Gonzalez, Gabriella; Le, Vi-Nhuan; Broer, Markus; Mariano, Louis T.; Froemel, J. Enrique; Goldman, Charles A.; DaVanzo, Julie

2009-01-01

311

A National Strategy for Promoting Physical Activity in Oman: A call for action.  

PubMed

The increasing prevalence of chronic disease in Oman is a public health challenge. Available evidence in Oman on physical inactivity, the fourth leading risk factor for chronic disease, calls for urgent action to reduce physical inactivity as part of a key strategy to address chronic disease in Oman. The public health implications of this evidence for Oman are considered in light of recommendations outlined in the Toronto Charter for Physical Activity. The charter provides a systematic approach of physical activity and outlines an action plan that could be adapted to the Omani context. Urgent intersectoral action focusing on a shared goal and a more deliberate public health response addressing physical inactivity is required. Further research is needed on the determinants of physical inactivity and culturally appropriate interventions in order to guide future public health actions. PMID:24790738

Mabry, Ruth; Owen, Neville; Eakin, Elizabeth

2014-05-01

312

Doing Business in Oman: A Country Commercial Guide for U.S. Companies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Country Commercial Guide (CCG) presents a comprehensive look at the Oman's commercial environment, using economic, political and market analysis. It provides in-depth information on and weblinks to topics including trade regulation and standards, sel...

2008-01-01

313

Doing Business in Oman: A Country Commercial Guide for U.S. Companies, 2008.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Country Commercial Guide (CCG) presents a comprehensive look at the Oman's commercial environment, using economic, political and market analysis. It provides in-depth information on and weblinks to topics including trade regulation and standards, sel...

2008-01-01

314

Epidemiology of bluetongue and related orbiviruses in the Sultanate of Oman.  

PubMed Central

Sentinel herds at 34 farms were used to study the epidemiology of bluetongue and related orbiviruses in Oman. The results indicate that bluetongue virus (BTV) is widespread and is enzootic in Northern Oman. At least three BTV serotypes (3, 4 and 22) were present at the time of the study. Antibodies to epizootic haemorrhagic disease of deer virus (EHDV) type 2 and EHDV-318 were also detected but were less prevalent. Entomological investigations identified the presence of 16 species of Culicoides. The peak seasonal incidence of the BTV vector C. imicola and the EHDV vectors C. schultzei (group) midges at Rumais in Northern Oman correlated closely with the spring rains in that area. However, both species of midge were also present in lower numbers throughout the year. four species of Oman midge, C. arabiensis, C. ibriensis, C. neoschultzei and C. buettikeri are new to science.

al-Busaidy, S. M.; Mellor, P. S.

1991-01-01

315

Characterizing surface temperature and clarity of Kuwait's seawaters using remotely sensed measurements and GIS analyses  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Kuwait sea surface temperature (SST) and water clarity are important water characteristics that influence the entire Kuwait coastal ecosystem. The spatial and temporal distributions of these important water characteristics should be well understood to obtain a better knowledge about this productive coastal environment. The aim of this project was therefore to study the spatial and temporal distributions of: Kuwait SST using Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) images collected from January 2003 to July 2007; and Kuwait Secchi Disk Depth (SDD), a water clarity measure, using Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor (SeaWiFS) and MODIS data collected from November 1998 to October 2004 and January 2003 to June 2007, respectively. Kuwait SST was modeled based on the linear relationship between level 2 MODIS SST data and in situ SST data. MODIS SST images showed a significant relationship with in situ SST data ( r2= 0.98, n = 118, RMSE = 0.7°C). Kuwait SST images derived from MODIS data exhibited three spatial patterns of Kuwait SST across the year that were mainly attributed to the northwestern counterclockwise water circulation of the Arabian Gulf, and wind direction and intensity. The temporal variation of Kuwait SST was greatly influenced by the seasonal variation of solar intensity and air temperatures. Kuwait SDD was measured through two steps: first, computing the diffuse light attenuation coefficient at 490 nm, Kd(490), and 488 nm, Kd(488), derived from SeaWiFS and MODIS, respectively, using a semi-analytical algorithm; second, establishing two SDD models based on the empirical relationship of Kd(490) and Kd(488) with in situ SDD data. Kd(490) and Kd(488) showed a significant relationship with in situ SDD data ( r2= 0.67 and r2= 0.68, respectively). Kuwait SDD images showed distinct spatial and temporal patterns of Kuwait water clarity that were mainly attributed to three factors: the Shatt Al-Arab discharge, water circulation, and coastal currents. The SeaWiFS and MODIS data compared to in situ measurements provided a comprehensive view of the studied seawater characteristics that improved their overall estimation within Kuwait's waters. Also, the near-real-time availability of SeaWiFS and MODIS data and their highly temporal resolution make them a very advantageous tool for studying coastal environments. Thus, I recommend involving this method in monitoring Kuwait coastal environments.

Alsahli, Mohammad M. M.

316

Advection of upwelled waters in the form of plumes off Oman during the Southwest Monsoon  

Microsoft Academic Search

Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) imagery of sea-surface-temperature, TOPEX\\/POSEIDON measurements of sea-level-anomaly (SLA), and modeled surface winds and wind-stress fields are used in concert with other ancillary data to describe the influence of the 1995 Southwest Monsoon on the distribution of upwelled waters off the coast of Oman. The Oman upwelling zone is characterized by the entrainment of cold

Vijayakumar Manghnani; John M. Morrison; Thomas S. Hopkins; Emanuele Böhm

1998-01-01

317

On the source of the 24 September 2013 tsunami in Oman Sea  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Tsunami hazard along the coast of Makran and Oman is mainly due to the seismic activity at the Makran subduction zone. Large earthquakes along the Makran subduction zone are infrequent but they have the potential to generate destructive tsunamis along the coasts of Pakistan, Iran and Oman, all bordering the Oman Sea. The most recent tsunami occurred on November 1945 following an earthquake of magnitude 8.1, causing extensive damage along the Makran coast in Pakistan. On September 24, 2013 an earthquake of magnitude 7.7 occurred in south Pakistan, 64 km onshore north of Awaran. The location is consistent with rupture within the Eurasian plate above the Makran subduction zone. The tide stations in the Oman sea recorded a tsunami less than one hour after the earthquake. The first wave reached Ormara in Pakistan with an amplitude of 15 cm. The highest amplitudes were observed along the coast of Oman between Muscat and Sur with a maximum of 40 cm in Qurayat. In this study, we collected tsunami data recorded in the Oman sea. All records were filtered in order to isolate the tsunami signal and analyzed the in terms of travel times and amplitudes. The use of inversion techniques points to a submarine source located south of Ormara in the Murray ridge. Finally, we discuss the possible of tsunami induced landslide as a secondary effect of earthquake.

Baptista, Maria Ana; Omira, Rachid; Miranda, Jorge Miguel; El Hussain, Issa; Deif, Ahmed; Habsi, Zaid Al

2014-05-01

318

Selection criteria of residents for residency programs in Kuwait  

PubMed Central

Background In Kuwait, 21 residency training programs were offered in the year 2011; however, no data is available regarding the criteria of selecting residents for these programs. This study aims to provide information about the importance of these criteria. Methods A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data from members (e.g. chairmen, directors, assistants …etc.) of residency programs in Kuwait. A total of 108 members were invited to participate. They were asked to rate the importance level (scale from 1 to 5) of criteria that may affect the acceptance of an applicant to their residency programs. Average scores were calculated for each criterion. Results Of the 108 members invited to participate, only 12 (11.1%) declined to participate. Interview performance was ranked as the most important criteria for selecting residents (average score: 4.63/5.00), followed by grade point average (average score: 3.78/5.00) and honors during medical school (average score: 3.67/5.00). On the other hand, receiving disciplinary action during medical school and failure in a required clerkship were considered as the most concerning among other criteria used to reject applicants (average scores: 3.83/5.00 and 3.54/5.00 respectively). Minor differences regarding the importance level of each criterion were noted across different programs. Conclusions This study provided general information about the criteria that are used to accept/reject applicants to residency programs in Kuwait. Future studies should be conducted to investigate each criterion individually, and to assess if these criteria are related to residents' success during their training.

2013-01-01

319

Trace gas measurements in the Kuwait oil fire smoke plume  

SciTech Connect

The authors report trace gas measurements made both inside and outside the Kuwait oil-fire smoke plume during a flight of an instrumented research aircraft on May 30, 1991. Concentrations of SO{sub 2}, CO, and NO{sub x} averaged vertically and horizontally throughout the plume 80 km downwind of Kuwait City were 106, 127, and 9.1 parts per billion by volume (ppbv), respectively, above background concentrations. With the exception of SO{sub 2}, trace gas concentrations were far below typical US urban levels and primary national ambient air quality standards. Ambient ozone was titrated by NO in the dark, dense core of the smoke plume close to the fires, and photochemical ozone production was limited to the diffuse edge of the plume. Photochemical O{sub 3} production was noted throughout the plume at a distance of 160 km downwind of Kuwait City, and averaged 2.3 ppbv per hour during the first 3 hours of transport. Little additional photochemical production was noted at a downwind range of 340 km. The fluxes of sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide, and reactive nitrogen from the roughly 520 fires still burning on May 30, 1991 are estimated at 1.4 x 10{sup 7} kg SO{sub 2}/d, 6.9 x 10{sup 6} kg CO/d, and 2.7 x 10{sup 5} kg N/d, respectively. Generally low concentrations of CO and NO{sub x} indicate that the combustion was efficient and occurred at low temperatures. Low total nonmethane hydrocarbon concentrations suggest that the volatile components of the petroleum were burned efficiently. 37 refs., 4 figs., 4 tabs.

Luke, W.T.; Kok, G.L.; Schillawski, R.D.; Zimmerman, P.R.; Greenberg, J.P.; Kadavanich, M. [National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO (United States)

1992-09-20

320

Determinants of breastfeeding initiation among mothers in Kuwait  

PubMed Central

Background Exclusive breastfeeding is recommended as the optimal way to feed infants for the first six months of life. While overall breastfeeding rates are high, exclusive breastfeeding is relatively uncommon among Middle Eastern women. The objective of this study was to identify the incidence of breastfeeding amongst women in the six governorates of Kuwait and the factors associated with the initiation of breastfeeding. Methods A sample of 373 women (aged 17-47 years), recruited shortly after delivery from four hospitals in Kuwait, completed a structured, interviewer-administered questionnaire. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify those factors independently associated with the initiation of breastfeeding. Results In total, 92.5% of mothers initiated breastfeeding and at discharge from hospital the majority of mothers were partially breastfeeding (55%), with only 30% of mothers fully breastfeeding. Prelacteal feeding was the norm (81.8%) and less than 1 in 5 infants (18.2%) received colostrum as their first feed. Only 10.5% of infants had been exclusively breastfed since birth, the remainder of the breastfed infants having received either prelacteal or supplementary infant formula feeds at some time during their hospital stay. Of the mothers who attempted to breastfeed, the majority of women (55.4%) delayed their first attempt to breastfeed until 24 hours or more after delivery. Breastfeeding at discharge from hospital was positively associated with paternal support for breastfeeding and negatively associated with delivery by caesarean section and with the infant having spent time in the Special Care Nursery. Conclusions The reasons for the high use of prelacteal and supplementary formula feeding warrant investigation. Hospital policies and staff training are needed to promote the early initiation of breastfeeding and to discourage the unnecessary use of infant formula in hospital, in order to support the establishment of exclusive breastfeeding by mothers in Kuwait.

2010-01-01

321

Traditional Medicine in Oman: Its Role in Ophthalmology  

PubMed Central

Aim: To present three patients with ocular disease who developed a range of complications following use of traditional medications. Settings and Design: Case series Methods: Three patients who were examined in the Ophthalmic department of a tertiary care teaching hospital in the Sultanate of Oman between 2003 and 2004, seeking care following use of traditional medicines and or healing practices for various ophthalmic problems described below. Results: The first patient was a computer professional with a chalazion; the patient used a plant extract from ‘Calotropis procera’ as a part of the treatment. He developed corneal edema with decrease in vision in his left eye following application of the plant extract. Treatment with topical steroids and antibiotics resulted in a complete clinical and visual recovery. The second patient developed a fungal corneal ulcer (dermatophyte - Trichophyton mentagrophyte) after sustaining injury with an animal tail to the right eye and used honey for pain relief prior to presentation. She responded poorly to anti-fungal treatment, underwent a penetrating keratoplasty with recurrence of infection in the graft that resulted in a vascularized corneal scar. The third patient was a five-year-old child who was treated with ‘wasam’ on the occiput for intraocular inflammation following bilateral uncomplicated cataract extraction. Following this treatment the topical steroid was discontinued. The ‘Wasam’ treatment indirectly resulted in exacerbation of the intraocular inflammation and secondary glaucoma and poor vision as well as ‘Wasam ulcers’ on the occiput. Despite treatment of the intraocular inflammation, the visual outcome was poor. Conclusion: Traditional medicine in Oman is sought by many for variable reasons. Lack of evidence-based scientific data on its safety or efficacy does not deter the Omanis from flocking the traditional healers. However, when applied in the treatment of ocular diseases, traditional medicine and healing practices seem to cause more harm than benefit for the patient.

Shenoy, Radha; Bialasiewicz, Alexander; Khandekar, Rajiv; Al Barwani, Badar; Al Belushi, Habiba

2009-01-01

322

Fully carbonated peridotite (listvenite) from the Samail ophiolite, Oman  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Extensive outcrops of listvenite--fully carbonated peridotite, with all Mg in carbonate minerals and all Si in quartz--occur along the basal thrust of the Samail Ophiolite in Oman. The presence of these listvenites demonstrates that peridotite carbonation reactions can proceed to completion on a large scale under natural conditions. Thus, understanding the conditions of listvenite formation can provide insights into the feasibility of achieving complete carbonation of peridotite through engineered approaches for carbon capture and storage. The Oman listvenites likely formed during emplacement of the ophiolite, as CO2-bearing fluids derived from underlying metasediments reacted with peridotite in the hanging wall. Listvenite outcrops occur within 500 meters of the basal thrust, where peridotite overlies carbonate-bearing metasediments. 87Sr/86Sr values in listvenite are higher than seawater values and consistent with values in these underlying metasediments. Carbon and oxygen stable isotope data are also consistent with values in some of the metasediments. An internal Rb-Sr isochron from one listvenite sample yields an age of 97 × 29 Ma, consistent with the timing of emplacement of the ophiolite. Carbonate clumped isotope thermometry in listvenites yields temperatures around 100°C, and thermodynamically stable coexistence of antigorite, talc, and quartz in serpentinite along the margins of the listvenite would require reaction temperatures around 80°C, as calculated in THERMOCALC. While constraints on the pressure of listvenite formation are lacking, these moderate temperatures suggest that listvenites probably formed at relatively shallow depths, making release of carbonate-saturated pore-water due to compaction of subducted sediment or low-pressure phase transitions of hydrous minerals more probable sources of the CO2-bearing fluid than deeper metamorphic reactions without significant transport of fluids along the slab interface. Through EQ3/6 geochemical reaction path models of these processes over a range of pressures, temperatures, and water-rock ratios we explore the conditions under which listvenite could have formed.

Falk, E. S.; Kelemen, P. B.

2013-12-01

323

[Overview of acupuncture and moxibustion application in Kuwait].  

PubMed

To introduce the overview of acupuncture and moxibustion application in Kuwait. All kinds of pain diseases were mainly treated by acupuncture and moxibustion; lumbar disc herniation, cervical spondylosis and knee arthritis were frequently occurred, which were related to the local life styles. Acupuncture and moxibustion therapy was effective for these diseases above and accepted by the locals. The author suggests that it should further spread advantages of acupuncture and moxibustion, develop acupuncture and moxibustion methods, import Chinese herb and enhance the quality of dispatched person, in order to extend the therapeutic range of acupuncture and moxibustion. PMID:21442825

Jing, Kuan; Liu, Chun

2011-02-01

324

Heavy metals in marine algae of the Kuwait coast  

SciTech Connect

Marine algae are considered as important primary producers in the coastal region. Several marine algal species are being considered as raw material for various economically important products and this has resulted in their increasing demand. Marine algal species also have been suggested to be the indicators of pollution. Keeping in view the importance of marine algal species for direct or indirect human and cattle consumption, it is necessary to monitor the bioaccumulation of certain elements in these species. This study was aimed at establishing the concentration levels of trace metals in marine algae of the Kuwait coast. 26 refs., 1 fig., 3 tabs.

Buo-Olayan, A.H.; Subrahmanyam, M.N.V. [Kuwait Univ., Safat (Kuwait)] [Kuwait Univ., Safat (Kuwait)

1996-12-31

325

Toxic metals in imported fruits and vegetables marketed in Kuwait  

SciTech Connect

The concentration of lead, cadmium, and mercury in 134 samples of imported fruits and vegetables marketed in Kuwait were determined using an atomic absorption spectrophotometer with a graphite furnace and the cold vapor technique. Results obtained showed that the concentration of these metal ions in most cases did not exceed the maximum permissible concentration of metals in fresh fruits and vegetables as restricted by some countries. Only a few samples of fruits and vegetables contained levels of mercury, cadmium, and lead which exceeded these maximum permissible levels.

Husain, A.; Baroon, Z.; Al-Khalafawi, M. [Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, Safat (Kuwait)] [Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, Safat (Kuwait)

1995-12-31

326

Geomorphic changes in Ras Al-Subiyah area, Kuwait  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Ras Al-Subiyah area is considered one of the most promising areas in Kuwait for future development. This development will include a new town called Subiyah and its associated infrastructure. This area is also being considered as the location for connection between Boubyan Island, which is now undergoing major development and the Kuwait mainland. The present study investigates the geomorphology of the Ras Al-Sabiyah area in the northern sector of Kuwait. The study area is generally flat, and it is located west of the Jal Az-Zor escarpment. It is bordered on the east by the Khor Al-Sabiyah tidal channel and on the south by Kuwait Bay. The area receives sediments from several sources; currently the most important are aeolian sediments and the deposition of mud delivered through the Khor Al-Sabiyah from the Iraqi marshes. The study area has been subjected to severe environmental changes due to the Gulf wars and the drainage of Iraqi marshes and the associated artificial changes in fluvial system. Twenty-two surface sediments were collected from the Ras Al-Subiyah area. Samples were collected to include the main geomorphologic characteristic features of the study area. Field observations and remote sensing images from 1990 and 2001 were used to produce an updated geomorphologic map for the Ras Al-Subiyah and a map showing geomorphic changes between 1990 and 2001. Grain size of the surface sediment ranges from gravel to medium sand. In general, grain size statistical analysis indicates that most of the areas are composed of two or more classes of sands transported and deposited from different sources including aeolian, sabkhas, river and the bays. The variability in the grain size statistical parameters may be attributed to the complexity of surface morphology as well as the diversity in the type of depositional environment in the Ras Al-Subiyah area. The total area subjected to change during the 12-year period (1990 2001) is about 32 km2 as calculated using GIS techniques.

Al Hurban, A.; El-Gamily, H.; El-Sammak, A.

2008-06-01

327

Biomedical Publications Profile and Trends in Gulf Cooperation Council Countries  

PubMed Central

Objectives There is a dearth of studies examining the relationship between research output and other socio-demographic indicators in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates). The three interrelated aims of this study were, first, to ascertain the number of biomedical publications in the GCC from 1970 to 2010; second, to establish the rate of publication according population size during the same period and, third, to gauge the relationship between the number of publications and specific socio-economic parameters. Methods: The Medline database was searched in October 2010 by affiliation, year and publication type from 1970 to 2010. Data obtained were normalised to the number of publications per million of the population, gross domestic product, and the number of physicians in each country. Results: The number of articles from the GCC region published over this 40 year period was 25,561. Saudi Arabia had the highest number followed by Kuwait, UAE, and then Oman. Kuwait had the highest profile of publication when normalised to population size, followed by Qatar. Oman is the lowest in this ranking. Overall, the six countries showed a rising trend in publication numbers with Oman having a significant increase from 1990 to 2005. There was a significant relationship between the number of physicians and the number of publications. Conclusion: The research productivity from GGC has experienced complex and fluctuating growth in the past 40 years. Future prospects for increasing research productivity are discussed with particular reference to the situation in Oman.

Al-Maawali, Almundher; Al Busadi, Ahmed; Al-Adawi, Samir

2012-01-01

328

Report: management problems of solid waste landfills in Kuwait.  

PubMed

This paper evaluates current operational practices in municipal solid waste landfills in Kuwait to provide existing knowledge on uncontrolled landfilling and associated problems of solid waste disposal in developing countries. The current landfilling practices are safe neither for humans nor for the environment. The landfill sites receive all kinds of wastes such as food wastes, oil products, debris, dead animals, agricultural wastes, chemical wastes, wastewater and sewage sludge. The wastes are dumped, spread and compacted in an uncontrolled manner and cover material is not applied regularly. Dust created within the landfill site and gas emissions cause a public nuisance. The characteristics of leachate formed indicate high organic content and presence of heavy metals, salts and nutrients. There are no provisions for leachate or landfill gas collection at the landfill sites. Recommendations for adjustment in landfill operation have been made in recognition of the transition period that is experienced in proceeding from the past and present to the future management of landfills in Kuwait to safeguard the public health and protect the environment. PMID:12363092

Al-Yaqout, Anwar F; Hamoda, Mohamed F

2002-08-01

329

Forensic entomology in Kuwait: the first case report.  

PubMed

To date, entomology has not been used in legal investigations in Kuwait. Indeed, this is true of most Arab countries in the Middle East. There are no known studies on necrophagous species in the region, nor any knowledge of cadaver succession with which to compare case material. Here we report the first case of application of forensic entomology in Kuwait. In Al-Rowdah district, a man was found dead in his bedroom which was air-conditioned and the windows were closed. The temperature of the room was 20°C. The cause of death was morphine overdose. At autopsy, fly larvae were collected from the blanket with which the body was wrapped and were identified as postfeeding 3rd instars of Parasarcophaga (Liopygia) ruficornis using molecular analysis. In addition, the face and neck were extensively and exclusively colonized by different stages of Chrysomya albiceps (secondary fly). Based on the age of P. ruficornis full mature 3rd instars and the location of the body, approximately 7.5-8.5 days postmortem was estimated for the corpse at the time of its discovery. PMID:20705405

Al-Mesbah, Hanadi; Al-Osaimi, Zarraq; El-Azazy, Osama M E

2011-03-20

330

Effect of oil pollution on fresh groundwater in Kuwait  

SciTech Connect

Massive oil fires in Kuwait were the aftermath of the Gulf War. This resulted in the pollution of air, water, and soil, the magnitude of which is unparalleled in the history of mankind. Oil fires damaged several oil well heads, resulting in the flow of oil, forming large oil lakes. Products of combustion from oil well fires deposited over large areas. Infiltrating rainwater, leaching out contaminants from oil lakes and products of combustion at ground surface, can reach the water table and contaminate the groundwater. Field investigations, supported by laboratory studies and mathematical models, show that infiltration of oil from oil lakes will be limited to a depth of about 2 m from ground surface. Preliminary mathematical models showed that contaminated rainwater can infiltrate and reach the water table within a period of three to four days, particularly at the Raudhatain and Umm Al-Aish regions. These are the only regions in Kuwait where fresh groundwater exists. After reaching the water table, the lateral movement of contaminants is expected to be very slow under prevailing hydraulic gradients. Groundwater monitoring at the above regions during 1992 showed minor levels of vanadium, nickel, and total hydrocarbons at certain wells. Since average annual rainfall in the region is only 120 mm/yr, groundwater contamination due to the infiltration of contaminated rainwater is expected to be a long-term one. 13 refs., 15 figs., 2 tabs.

Al-Sulaimi, J.; Viswanathan, M.N.; Szekely, F. [Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, Safat (Kuwait)

1993-11-01

331

Chemical and physical properties of emissions from Kuwait oil fires  

SciTech Connect

After the Iraqi retreat from Kuwait in 1991, airborne sampling was conducted in the oil fire plumes near Kuwait City and ground-level samples were taken of the air within the city. For the airborne sampling, a versatile air pollution sampler was used to determine the SO(2), elemental concentrations, the aerosol mass loadings and SO4(2-) and NO3(1-) concentrations. Striking differences between the black and white plumes were associated with high concentrations of NaCl and CaCl(2) measured in the white plumes and large numbers of carbon chain agglomerates in the black plumes. For the ground-based measurements, an annular denuder system was used to determine levels of SO(2), SO4(2-), trace elements, and mass loadings. Certain pollutant levels rose in the city during inversion conditions, when winds were too weak to continue moving the combustion products directly to the Persian Gulf, and the increased levels of Pb and certain trace elements were comparable to those in other large urban areas in Europe.

Stevens, R.; Pinto, J.; Mamane, Y.; Ondov, J.; Abdulraheem, M.

1992-01-01

332

Groundwater control for construction purposes: a case study from Kuwait  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

One of the major rehabilitation projects in Kuwait during the 1990s was improvement of the wastewater treatment plant at Jahra, a town 30 km north of Kuwait City. The project incorporates construction of a pumping station to collect the sewage via a network of sewer lines throughout the city. Groundwater occurs 4 m below the ground surface and construction specifications required lowering the groundwater table by 16 m to the foundation grade, 20 m below the ground surface. Open excavation with four stage well point system of dewatering was selected to ensure dry foundation conditions; but the system failed to lower the groundwater table down to the desired depth. Review of site investigation records and recalculation of field hydraulic conductivity resulted in design changes, augmenting the well point system with a number of deep wells and sumps to lower the water table down to the foundation grade. The paper discusses subsurface conditions and presents an analysis of the cause of failure of the well point system. The actual hydraulic conductivity proved to be several folds higher than the calculated one that was determined using Hazen’s formula. It was found that use of Hazen’s formula led to serious underestimation of field hydraulic conductivity. It is advised not to use such formulas without thorough investigation and proper interpretation of borehole data.

Shaqour, Fathi M.; Hasan, Syed E.

2008-02-01

333

Determinants of Default from Pulmonary Tuberculosis Treatment in Kuwait  

PubMed Central

Objectives. To determine the prevalence and risk factors of default from pulmonary tuberculosis treatment in Kuwait. Design. Retrospective study. Patients and methods. We studied all patients who were registered for pulmonary tuberculosis treatment between January 1, 2010, and December 31, 2012, and admitted into TB wards in El Rashid Center or treated in the outpatient clinic in TB Control Unit. Results. There were 110 (11.5%) patients who defaulted from treatment. Fifty-six percent of those who defaulted did so in the first 2 months of treatment and 86.4% of them were still bacteriologically positive at the time of default. Key risk factors associated with noncompliance were male sex, low educational level, non-Kuwaiti nations, history of default, and history of concomitant diabetes mellitus, liver disease, or lung cancer. Multiple drug resistance was also associated with default from treatment. Conclusion. Default from treatment may be partially responsible for the persistent relatively high rates of tuberculosis in Kuwait. Health professionals and policy makers should ensure that all barriers to treatment are removed and that incentives are used to encourage treatment compliance.

Zhang, Qing; Gaafer, Mohamed

2014-01-01

334

Dust fallout in Kuwait city: deposition and characterization.  

PubMed

Dust fallouts in Kuwait city was monitored on monthly basis during the period from March 2011 to February 2012 at 10 locations. The results of this study reveal that: (1) monthly dust deposition rates ranged from 0.002 to 0.32 kg/m(2) with average deposition rate of 0.053 kg/m(2) and annual average deposition rate of 0.59 kg/m(2), ranking the first out of 56 dust deposition rates observed throughout the world; (2) on average, about 55.9% of the settled dust have fine to very fine sand fraction sizes, while silt and clay comprise an average of 37.4 and 1.4% of the total sample, respectively; (3) the concentrations for Zn and Mo out of 15 other elements analyzed from the dust were up to 11 times higher than their soil background values in Kuwait, while Pb and Ni were about seven times higher; (4) Mo, Ni, Pb and Zn show maximum enrichment relative to the upper continental crustal component (Mn); (5) Sr, Zr and Zn show highest concretions among all collected samples; and (6) quartz and calcite were the dominant minerals in the dust samples. The distribution of the heavy metals in dust seems to be controlled mainly by the land uses and the volume of traffic emissions. PMID:23722090

Al-Awadhi, Jasem M; Alshuaibi, Arafat A

2013-09-01

335

Distribution of petroleum hydrocarbons and organochlorinated contaminants in marine biota and coastal sediments from the ROPME Sea Area during 2005.  

PubMed

The composition and spatial distribution of various petroleum hydrocarbons (PHs), comprising both aliphatic and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and selected chlorinated pesticides and PCBs were measured in biota and coastal sediments from seven countries in the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman (Bahrain, Iran, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates). Evidence of extensive marine contamination with respect to organochlorinated compounds and PHs was not observed. Only one site, namely the BAPCO oil refinery in Bahrain, was considered to be chronically contaminated. Comparison of the results from this survey for ? DDTs and ? PCBs in rock oysters from the Gulf of Oman with similar measurements made at the same locations over the past two decades indicates a temporal trend of overall decreasing ? PCB concentrations in oysters, whereas ? DDTs levels have little changed during that period. PMID:20965523

de Mora, Stephen; Tolosa, Imma; Fowler, Scott W; Villeneuve, Jean-Pierre; Cassi, Roberto; Cattini, Chantal

2010-12-01

336

Adequacy, accountability, autonomy and equity in a Middle Eastern school reform: The case of Qatar  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study examines Qatar's recent and ambitious school reform in the early stages of its implementation against a set of four criteria for successful education systems drawn from guidelines developed by the international community: adequacy, accountability, autonomy and gender equity. We investigate both the initial structure of the reform and its sustainability in light of concerns that movements in these directions might be politically unfeasible. To some degree, these concerns are substantiated by the developments we trace. However, it is important to note that the reform has changed the landscape of primary and secondary education in Qatar and that many reform principles, though diluted, have been retained. This paper highlights lessons learned - both hopeful and cautionary - in the first few years of reform and presents a methodology for evaluating progress along key dimensions that can be applied to school systems in many nations.

Guarino, Cassandra M.; Tanner, Jeffery C.

2012-04-01

337

Doing Business in Kuwait: Country Commercial Guide for U.S. Companies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The document serves as a guide to doing business in Kuwait. It contains key economic indicators for the country. In addition, it outlines trade regulations, the general tax system, market research, foreign investment, and tips for the business traveler.

2005-01-01

338

Diagenesis of the Middle Eocene Upper Dammam Subformation, Qatar: Petrographic and isotopic evidence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The subsurface Middle Eocene Upper Dammam Subformation in Qatar displays a complex diagenetic history related to sea level\\u000a variations. The studied rocks are made up of dolomitic limestones and pervasive dolomites. Two main types of dolomite are\\u000a identified based on an integrated petrographic\\/isotopic\\/mineralogic study: dolomites type (I) and (II), which affect the lower\\u000a (the Umm Bab member) and the upper

Hanafy M. Holail; Mohamad N. Shaaban; A. S. Mansour; Rifai I. Rifai

2005-01-01

339

Economics of off-shore\\/on-shore wind energy systems in Qatar  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work presents an assessment of the potential and economical feasibility of adopting off-shore\\/on-shore wind energy as a renewable source of energy in Qatar. An analysis is presented for the long term measured on-shore wind speed (1976–2000) at Doha International Airport. A similar analysis is presented for the measured off-shore wind speed at the Qatari Haloul Island. For the on-shore

A-Hamid Marafia; Hamdy A. Ashour

2003-01-01

340

Ghaba salt basin province and Fahud salt basin province, Oman; geological overview and total petroleum systems  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Three Total Petroleum Systems each consisting of one assessment unit have been identified in the Ghaba and Fahud Salt Basin Provinces of north-central Oman. One Total Petroleum System and corresponding assessment unit, the North Oman Huqf/?Q??Haushi(!) Total Petroleum System (201401) and Ghaba- Makarem Combined Structural Assessment Unit (20140101), were identified for the Ghaba Salt Basin Province (2014). In the Fahud Salt Basin Province, however, two overlapping Total Petroleum Systems (TPS) were recognized: (1) the North Oman Huqf?Shu?aiba(!) TPS (201601); Fahud-Huqf Combined Structural Assessment Unit (20160101), and (2) the middle Cretaceous Natih(!) TPS (201602); Natih-Fiqa Structural/Stratigraphic Assessment Unit (20160201). The boundary for each Total Petroleum System also defines the boundary of the corresponding assessment unit and includes all trap styles and hydrocarbon-producing reservoirs within the petroleum system. In both the Ghaba and Fahud Salt Basin Provinces, hydrocarbons were generated from several deeply buried source rocks within the Infracambrian Huqf Supergroup. One general ?North Oman Huqf? type oil is dominant in the Fahud Salt Basin. Oils in the Ghaba Salt Basin are linked to at least two distinct Huqf source-rock units based on oil geochemistry: a general North Oman Huqf-type oil source and a more dominant ?questionable unidentified source? or ?Q?-type Huqf oil source. These two Huqf-sourced oils are commonly found as admixtures in reservoirs throughout northcentral Oman. Hydrocarbons generated from Huqf sources are produced from a variety of reservoir types and ages ranging from Precambrian to Cretaceous in both the Ghaba and Fahud Salt Basin Provinces. Clastic reservoirs of the Gharif and Al Khlata Formations, Haushi Group (middle Carboniferous to Lower Permian), dominate oil production in the Ghaba Salt Basin Province and form the basis for the Huqf/?Q??Haushi(!) TPS. In contrast, the Lower Cretaceous Shu?aiba and middle Cretaceous Natih limestones account for most of the production in the Fahud Salt Basin with about 50 percent of the basin?s production from porous, fractured Shu?aiba limestones in Yibal field, thus the name North Oman Huqf? Shu?aiba(!) TPS. Deep gas is produced mainly from Middle Cambrian to Lower Ordovician clastic reservoirs of the Haima Supergroup. Traps in nearly all hydrocarbon accumulations of these petroleum systems are mainly structural and were formed by one or more 3 mechanisms. These trap-forming mechanisms were mainly periodic halokinesis of the thick Cambrian Ara Salt and consequent folding and faulting from basin loading, rifting, or other major tectonic events, particularly those events forming the Oman Mountains and associated foreland-basin system during the Late Cretaceous and late Tertiary. Many of the future new-field targets will likely be low-relief, subtle structures, as many of the large structures have been drilled. Oman?s recent interest and commitments to liquid natural gas export make deep gas a primary objective in the two North Oman Huqf petroleum systems. New-field exploration of deep gas and exploring deeper targets for gas in existing fields will likely identify a significant gas resource in the next 30 years. Moreover, salt-diapir flank traps in these two North Oman Huqf petroleum systems and salt basin provinces have gone essentially untested and will likely be targeted in the near future. The middle Cretaceous Natih(!) TPS is a small efficient system of the Fahud Salt Basin. Natih source rocks are only mature in the Late Cretaceous/Tertiary foredeep and production is primarily from Natih reservoirs; minor production from the Shu?aiba limestone is documented along fault-dip structures. Most traps are structural and are related to development of the foreland basin and formation of the Oman Mountains. Future targets of the Natih TPS will be less obvious

Pollastro, Richard M.

1999-01-01

341

Physicians’ Perceptions and Expectations of Pharmacists’ Professional Duties in Government Hospitals in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective:The objectives of this study were to evaluate the perceptions, expectations and experience of physicians with hospital-based pharmacists in Kuwait. Materials and Methods: A piloted self-administered questionnaire was hand delivered to 200 physicians practicing in four government hospitals in Kuwait. Main sections of the questionnaire comprised a series of statements pertaining to physicians’ perceptions, expectations and experiences with pharmacists. Results:

L. Matowe; E. A. Abahussain; N. Al-Saffar; S. M. Bihzad; A. Al-Foraih; A. A. Al-Kandery

2006-01-01

342

Radioactivity concentrations in sediments and their correlation to the coastal structure in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gamma-ray spectrometric measurements were performed on sediment samples from the coast of Kuwait to study the concentration of natural as well as man-made radioactive sources. The coast of Kuwait, which extends for some 170km is mainly soft sedimentary colitic limestones or sandstones, overlaid in many areas with beach or wind-blown sand. In the north, suspended material from the Shatt Al-Arab

H. R. Saad; D. Al-Azmi

2002-01-01

343

Offshore sedimentary facies of a modern carbonate ramp, Kuwait, northwestern Arabian-Persian Gulf  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Kuwait example studied here may serve as a model for ancient carbonate ramp systems just as the classical—but markedly different—southern Arabian-Persian Gulf ramp of the Trucial Coast (United Arab Emirates). Five sedimentary facies may be distinguished on the modern southern Kuwait carbonate ramp based on quantitative sedimentological, mineralogical, and geochemical analyses of 130 surface sediment samples and by using

Eberhard Gischler; Anthony J. Lomando

2005-01-01

344

Glucose6Phosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency in Kuwait, Syria, Egypt, Iran, Jordan and Lebanon  

Microsoft Academic Search

A total of 3,501 male subjects from six Arab countries living in Kuwait were investigated for quantitative and phenotypic distribution of red cell glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD). The ethnic origins of those investigated were Kuwait, Egypt, Iran, Syria, Lebanon and Jordan. The distribution of G6PD deficiency among the different ethnic groups varied widely, ranging from 1.00% for Egyptians to 11.55% for

Esien A. Usanga; Reem Ameen

2000-01-01

345

Demographic data and hemodialysis population dynamics in Qatar: A five year survey.  

PubMed

Hemodialysis was initiated in Qatar in 1981, since then the hemodialysis population has been expanding rapidly. This report describes the demographics and outcome of our hemodialysis patients during a five years study period. Data of all the patients on regular hemodialysis from January 1 st , 2002 to December 31 st , 2006 were included in this study was collected from the medical records and entered into an especially designed questionnaire. The prevalence of end stage kidney disease in Qatar is 624 patients per million populations with an incidence of 202 patients per million populations per year. Currently, 278 patients are on hemodialysis, 65% of them are Qatari, males represent 51%, whereas 44.6% are between 65-74 years of age. Diabetic nephropathy is the commonest cause of end stage kidney disease (48%), followed by primary glomerulonephritis and hypertensive glomerulopathy. Arteriovenous fistula was the vascular access in 57% of patients. The incidence of Hepatitis B, C and Human immunodeficiency virus had been stable throughhout the study period though our hemodialysis population had increased by 1.5 fold. The first and five years survival rates of our patients were 84 and 53% respectively. Qatar has one of the highest rates of dialysis patients with a good long-term survival report. Peritoneal dialysis remained to be the key solution for the rapidly expanding patients' pool. Maintenance of national registry of dialysis patients and improving our organ transplant program is an essential goal. PMID:19414963

Shigidi, Mazin M T; Ramachandiran, Gajaraj; Rashed, Awad H; Fituri, Omar M

2009-05-01

346

Late Precambrian-Cambrian sediments of Huqf group, Sultanate of Oman  

SciTech Connect

The Huqf Group is the oldest known sedimentary sequence overlying crystalline basement in the Sultanate of Oman. It crops out on a broad regional high, the Huqf Axis, which forms a dominating structural element on the southeastern edge of the Arabian peninsula. Subsurface and outcrop evidence within and outside of Oman suggests that the sediments of the Huqf Group lie within the age span of late Precambrian to Early-Middle Cambrian. The Huqf Group is subdivided into five formations corresponding to an alternation of clastics (Abu Mahara and Shuram Formations) and carbonates (Khufai and Buah Formations) deposited in essentially shallow marine to supratidal (or fluviatile) conditions and terminated by an evaporitic sequence (Ara Formation). Evaporites are absent on the Huqf Axis, but they are thickly developed to the west over a large part of southern and central Oman, where they acted as the major structure former of most of Oman's fields, and even locally pierced up to the surface. Regional correlations suggest that the predominantly carbonate-evaporitic facies of the Huqf Group was widely distributed in late Precambrian-Early Cambrian time: the Huqf basin is tentatively considered part of a belt of evaporitic basins and intervening carbonate platforms, which stretched across the Pangea landmass from the Indian subcontinent (Salt Range of Pakistan) through South Yemen, Oman, and Saudi Arabia into the gulf states and Iran (Hormuz Series and carbonate platform north of the Zagros).

Gorin, G.E. (Shell U.K. Exploration and Production, London, England); Racz, L.G.; Walter, M.R.

1982-12-01

347

Probing Shallow Aquifers in Northern Kuwait Using Airborne Sounding Radars  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Most of the global warming observations, scientific interest and data analyses have concentrated on the earth Polar Regions and forested areas, as they provide direct measurable impacts of large scale environmental changes. Unfortunately, the arid environments, which represent ~20% of the earth surface, have remained poorly studied. Yet water rarity and freshness, drastic changes in rainfall, flash floods, high rates of aquifer discharge and an accelerated large-scale desertification process are all alarming signs that suggest a substantial large-scale climatic variation in those areas that can be correlated to the global change that is affecting the volatile dynamic in arid zones. Unfortunately the correlations, forcings and feedbacks between the relevant processes (precipitation, surface fresh water, aquifer discharge, sea water rise and desertification) in these zones remain poorly observed, modeled, let alone understood. Currently, local studies are often oriented toward understanding small-scale or regional water resources and neither benefit from nor feedback to the global monitoring of water vapor, precipitation and soil moisture in arid and semi-arid areas. Furthermore techniques to explore deep subsurface water on a large scale in desertic environments remain poorly developed making current understanding of earth paleo-environment, water assessment and exploration efforts poorly productive and out-phased with current and future needs to quantitatively understand the evolution of earth water balance. To address those deficiencies we performed a comprehensive test mapping of shallow subsurface hydro-geological structures in the western Arabic peninsula in Kuwait, using airborne low frequency sounding radars with the main objectives to characterize shallow fossil aquifers in term of depth, sizes and water freshness. In May 2011, an experimental airborne radar sounder operating at 50 MHz was deployed in Kuwait and demonstrated an ability to penetrate down to the water table ~35 m deep in Um-Al-Aish and Al-Rawdateen aquifers located on the northern part of Kuwait. In addition the radar achieved penetration into several dry sediments down to 65 m deep mapping the succession of residual gravel deposits. The obtained radargrams of several kilometers-long traced the variability in the water table depth and identified the discharge location of the Al-Rawdateen aquifer. These radar cross-sections were verified through comparisons with water wells, Transient Electromagnetic Method and Resistivity profiles. We will discuss the implication of these results for performing future airborne and orbital detailed mapping of the occurrence and spatial distribution of shallow aquifers in the most arid desert regions on Earth to understand ground water hydrology, enhance ground water flow models and provide new insights into available water resources and recent paleo-climate changes.

Heggy, E.; Fadlelmawla, A.; Farr, T. G.; Al-Rashed, M.

2011-12-01

348

Spectral analysis of HIV seropositivity among migrant workers entering Kuwait  

PubMed Central

Background There is paucity of published data on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seroprevalence among migrant workers entering Middle-East particularly Kuwait. We took advantage of the routine screening of migrants for HIV infection, upon arrival in Kuwait from the areas with high HIV prevalence, to 1) estimate the HIV seroprevalence among migrant workers entering Kuwait and to 2) ascertain if any significant time trend or changes had occurred in HIV seroprevalence among these migrants over the study period. Methods The monthly aggregates of daily number of migrant workers tested and number of HIV seropositive were used to generate the monthly series of proportions of HIV seropositive (per 100,000) migrants over a period of 120 months from January 1, 1997 to December 31, 2006. We carried out spectral analysis of these time series data on monthly proportions (per 100,000) of HIV seropositive migrants. Results Overall HIV seroprevalence (per 100,000) among the migrants was 21 (494/2328582) (95% CI: 19 -23), ranging from 11 (95% CI: 8 – 16) in 2003 to 31 (95% CI: 24 -41) in 1998. There was no discernable pattern in the year-specific proportions of HIV seropositive migrants up to 2003; in subsequent years there was a slight but consistent increase in the proportions of HIV seropositive migrants. However, the Mann-Kendall test showed non-significant (P = 0.741) trend in de-seasonalized data series of proportions of HIV seropositive migrants. The spectral density had a statistically significant (P = 0.03) peak located at a frequency (radians) 2.4, which corresponds to a regular cycle of three-month duration in this study. Auto-correlation function did not show any significant seasonality (correlation coefficient at lag 12 = – 0.025, P = 0.575). Conclusion During the study period, overall a low HIV seroprevalence (0.021%) was recorded. Towards the end of the study, a slight but non-significant upward trend in the proportions of HIV seropositive migrants was recorded. A significant rhythmic cycle of three-month duration was observed in the proportions of HIV seropositive migrants. The underlying factors for a consistent upward trend towards the end of study period and for a significant quarterly cycle in the proportions of HIV seropositive migrants merit further investigations.

Akhtar, Saeed; Mohammad, Hameed GHH

2008-01-01

349

Copper Mineralizations in the Ophiolite of Oman: The Genesis and Emplacement Relationship with the Orogenic Movements of Serpentinized Peridotite  

Microsoft Academic Search

The hydrothermal process that led to the deposition of epigenetic sulfide mineralizations (mostly Fe-Cu sulfides) in the ophiolite of Oman appears to be closely related to successive orogenic movements. Vertical (diapiric) uplift of peridotite, along the axial trend of the mountains of Oman, resulted from pressure exerted during the counterclockwise movement and subduction of the Arabian plate during the Miocene

Robert F. Mahfoud; James N. Beck

1997-01-01

350

Medical education and research environment in Qatar: a new epoch for translational research in the Middle East  

PubMed Central

Recent advances in medical technology and key discoveries in biomedical research have the potential to improve human health in an unprecedented fashion. As a result, many of the Arab Gulf countries, particularly Qatar are devoting increasing resources toward establishing centers of excellence in biomedical research. However, there are challenges that must be overcome. The low profile of private medical institutions and their negligible endowments in the region are examples of such challenges. Business-type government controlled universities are not the solution for overcoming the challenges facing higher education and research programs in the Middle East. During the last decade, Qatar Foundation for Education, Science and Community Development has attracted six branch campuses of American Institutions of higher learning to the Education City in Qatar, a 2500-acre area, which is rapidly becoming a model of integrating higher education and research in the region. Not-for profit, time-tested education institutions from abroad in public-private partnership with local organizations offer favorable conditions to build robust research programs in the region. Weill Cornell Medical College in Qatar (WCMC-Q) of Cornell University is an example such an institution. It is the first and only medical school in Qatar. WCMC-Q's interwoven education, research and public health based framework lays a sturdy foundation for developing and implementing translational medicine research programs of importance to the State of Qatar and Middle Eastern nations. This approach is yielding positive results. Discoveries from this program should influence public policy in a positive fashion toward reducing premature mortality and morbidity due to diabetes, obesity, heart disease and cancer, examples of health conditions commonly encountered in Qatar.

2011-01-01

351

Discharge against Medical Advice among Children in Oman  

PubMed Central

Objectives: Discharge against medical advice (DAMA) is a major problem in healthcare delivery as it can complicate the health problems from which patients are suffering. The aim of this study was to understand DAMA among children in a tertiary teaching hospital in Oman and to evaluate the documentation of the events in the medical records. Methods: A retrospective survey of the medical records of patients discharged against medical advice over a two-year interval was performed (2004–2006). Results: Of the 11,802 admissions, there were 38 cases of DAMA, giving a prevalence rate of 0.32%. In 39.5% of the cases, the discharge happened within 24 hours of hospital admission. The majority of the cases were infants (n = 24; 63.25%). The diagnosis at discharge in some cases included life-threatening conditions. However, in 57.9% of the cases, the reasons for DAMA were neither reported nor documented in the patients’ medical records. Conclusion: Although the results of this study yielded a low prevalence rate compared to the rates reported in other studies, the occurrence of DAMA for children in a tertiary hospital is a distressing phenomenon. It was evident that the documentation of the DAMA process was poor. More studies should be conducted to understand the details of the problem. Policies should be established and implemented in order to attempt to reduce DAMA among child patients and to protect them from the consequences of such discharges.

Al-Sadoon, Muna; Al-Shamousi, Khalid

2013-01-01

352

Shore litter along sandy beaches of the Gulf of Oman.  

PubMed

Beach debris abundance and weight were estimated from surveys on 11 beaches of the Gulf of Oman along the Omani coast. Debris were collected on two occasions from 100 m transects, sorted and categorized by origin and type. Overall contaminations ranged from 0.43 to 6.01 items m(-1) of beach front on different beaches with a mean value of 1.79+/-1.04 gm(-1) (95% C.I). In terms of weight, contamination levels ranged from 7.8 to 75.44 gm(-1) of beach front with a mean contamination of 27.02+/-14.48 gm(-1) (95% C.I). In terms of numbers of items, plastic debris ranked first on all beaches followed by either wood items or other organic materials such as cigarette butts. Industrial debris remained few on all beaches (<10%). Most debris had a local origin and, in terms of numbers, were associated with beach recreational activities whereas fishing debris represented the largest proportion of the debris in terms of weight. There were notable differences between beaches in the relative abundance of recreation-related and fishing-related debris. PMID:15530520

Claereboudt, Michel R

2004-11-01

353

Weed vegetation ecology of arable land in Salalah, Southern Oman.  

PubMed

This paper applies multivariate statistical methods to a data set of weed relevés from arable fields in two different habitat types of coastal and mountainous escarpments in Southern Oman. The objectives were to test the effect of environmental gradients, crop plants and time on weed species composition, to rank the importance of these particular factors, and to describe the patterns of species composition and diversity associated with these factors. Through the application of TWINSPAN, DCA and CCA programs on data relating to 102 species recorded in 28 plots and farms distributed in the study area, six plant communities were identified: I- Dichanthium micranthum, II- Cynodon dactylon-D. micranthum, III- Convolvulus arvensis, IV- C. dactylon-Sonchus oleraceus, V- Amaranthus viridis and VI- Suaeda aegyptiaca-Achyranthes aspera. The ordination process (CCA) provided a sequence of plant communities and species diversity that correlated with some anthropogenic factors, physiographic variables and crop types. Therefore, length of time since farm construction, disturbance levels and altitude are the most important factors related to the occurrence of the species. The perennial species correlated with the more degraded mountain areas of new farm stands, whereas most of the annuals correlated with old lowland and less disturbed farms. PMID:23961246

El-Sheikh, Mohamed A

2013-07-01

354

Weed vegetation ecology of arable land in Salalah, Southern Oman  

PubMed Central

This paper applies multivariate statistical methods to a data set of weed relevés from arable fields in two different habitat types of coastal and mountainous escarpments in Southern Oman. The objectives were to test the effect of environmental gradients, crop plants and time on weed species composition, to rank the importance of these particular factors, and to describe the patterns of species composition and diversity associated with these factors. Through the application of TWINSPAN, DCA and CCA programs on data relating to 102 species recorded in 28 plots and farms distributed in the study area, six plant communities were identified: I- Dichanthium micranthum, II- Cynodon dactylon–D. micranthum, III- Convolvulus arvensis, IV- C. dactylon–Sonchus oleraceus, V- Amaranthus viridis and VI- Suaeda aegyptiaca–Achyranthes aspera. The ordination process (CCA) provided a sequence of plant communities and species diversity that correlated with some anthropogenic factors, physiographic variables and crop types. Therefore, length of time since farm construction, disturbance levels and altitude are the most important factors related to the occurrence of the species. The perennial species correlated with the more degraded mountain areas of new farm stands, whereas most of the annuals correlated with old lowland and less disturbed farms.

El-Sheikh, Mohamed A.

2013-01-01

355

Monitoring Microseismicity in a Carbonate Oil Field, North Oman  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Microseismicity was monitored continuously for 2003 and 2004 years using shallow downhole seismic network in a carbonate oil field in Northern Oman. A total of 406 microearthquake events were analyzed to assess events location relative to producing horizons. The depth of the microearthquakes ranges from 0 to 2.95 km below the ground surface. The events location is confined to the carbonate reservoir boundary and temporally correlates well with the gas production, total fluid productions and water injection for the 2003 year. There is no temporal correlation between oil production and seismic activity for the 2003. Direct month to month temporal correlation is not apparent between any of oil, gas, fluid productions/water injections and the microseismic activity for the 2004 year. However, a strong temporal correlation between gas production and the number of events and an improved correlation between the oil production and the number of events were obtained when applying a time lag of one month. The focal plane solutions for the largest events in the 2003 indicate normal faulting with extensional stress is in the NW-SE directions. The spatial and temporal distribution of seismic events in the carbonate field fit the characteristics of reservoir induced seismicity and the triggering mechanism can be explained by the Mohr envelope criterion. This indicates that the reservoir layers are critically stressed and the pore pressure is changing at variable rate.

El-Hussain, I.; Al-Lazki, A.; Al-Hashmi, S.; Al-Toubi, K.; Al-Shijbi, Y.; Al-Saifi, M.; Al-Kindy, F.; Ibi, O.

2006-12-01

356

Modeling Pan Evaporation for Kuwait by Multiple Linear Regression  

PubMed Central

Evaporation is an important parameter for many projects related to hydrology and water resources systems. This paper constitutes the first study conducted in Kuwait to obtain empirical relations for the estimation of daily and monthly pan evaporation as functions of available meteorological data of temperature, relative humidity, and wind speed. The data used here for the modeling are daily measurements of substantial continuity coverage, within a period of 17 years between January 1993 and December 2009, which can be considered representative of the desert climate of the urban zone of the country. Multiple linear regression technique is used with a procedure of variable selection for fitting the best model forms. The correlations of evaporation with temperature and relative humidity are also transformed in order to linearize the existing curvilinear patterns of the data by using power and exponential functions, respectively. The evaporation models suggested with the best variable combinations were shown to produce results that are in a reasonable agreement with observation values.

Almedeij, Jaber

2012-01-01

357

Type 2 diabetes in Arab patients in Kuwait.  

PubMed

We describe the characteristics of 75 Arab Type 2 diabetic patients in Kuwait. Their age (+/- SD) at onset was 41 +/- 10 years, and fasting serum C-peptide concentration was 0.32 +/- 0.23 nmol/l (n = 51). Fifty-three percent (37/70) possessed HLA-DR3 or -DR4 epitopes, and 64% (47/73) had a family history of diabetes. Data review suggested that they could be segregated into two groups, those under 40 years old at onset (32 +/- 6 years, n = 37), and the remainder (48 +/- 6 years, n = 38) (p less than 0.001). Those in the former group had a significantly higher frequency of a family history of diabetes than those in the latter group (92% vs 38%, p less than 0.001) suggestive of a greater genetic influence on the development of Type 2 diabetes in those with early onset disease. PMID:2967143

Richens, E R; Abdella, N; Jayyab, A K; al-Saffar, M; Behbehani, K

1988-04-01

358

Upper Maastrichtian to Lutetian nannofossil biostratigraphy, United Arab Emirates, west of the Northern Oman Mountains  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The latest Cretaceous (Maastrichtian) to Middle Eocene (Lutetian) interval of shallow water carbonate rocks in the NE part of the Arabian Pensinsula (Oman Mountains) includes important regional oil reservoir units. These carbonates are richly fossiliferous in foraminifera, which have been useful in correlating sequences and formations. Previous foraminiferal studies have indicated the existence of several hiatuses or lacunae related to sea level changes or due to erosion. Subsequent studies of the abundant calcareous nannofossils have permitted definition of these hiatuses via high resolution biostratigraphy. However, these previous studies were of limited extent. In this study a total of 103 nannofossil species were identified from the upper Maastrichtian-Lutetian successions at Jabal Qarn El Barr, El Faiyah Range Mountains (Jabal Thanays and western side of Jabal Buhays), United Arab Emirates, as well as Jabal El Rawdah, west of the Northern Oman Mountains, Oman.

Faris, Mahmoud; Abdelghany, Osman; Zahran, Esam

2014-05-01

359

Ghaba salt basin province and Fahud salt basin province, Oman; geological overview and total petroleum systems  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Three Total Petroleum Systems each consisting of one assessment unit have been identified in the Ghaba and Fahud Salt Basin Provinces of north-central Oman. One Total Petroleum System and corresponding assessment unit, the North Oman Huqf/`Q'? Haushi(!) Total Petroleum System (201401) and Ghaba-Makarem Combined Structural Assessment Unit (20140101), were identified for the Ghaba Salt Basin Province (2014). In the Fahud Salt Basin Province, however, two overlapping Total Petroleum Systems (TPS) were recognized: 1) the North Oman Huqf ? Shu'aiba(!) TPS (201601); Fahud-Huqf Combined Structural Assessment Unit (20160101), and 2) the Middle Cretaceous Natih(!) TPS (201602); Natih-Fiqa Structural/Stratigraphic Assessment Unit (20160201). The boundary for each Total Petroleum System also defines the boundary of the corresponding assessment unit and includes all trap styles and hydrocarbon producing reservoirs within the petroleum system. In both the Ghaba and Fahud Salt Basin Provinces, hydrocarbons were generated from several deeply-buried source rocks within the Infracambrian Huqf Supergroup. One general `North Oman Huqf' type oil is dominant in the Fahud Salt Basin. Oils in the Ghaba Salt Basin are linked to at least two distinct Huqf source-rock units based on oil geochemistry: a general North Oman Huqf-type oil source and a more dominant `questionable unidentified-source' or `Q'-type Huqf oil source. These two Huqf-sourced oils are commonly found as admixtures in reservoirs throughout north-central Oman. Hydrocarbons generated from Huqf sources are produced from a variety of reservoir types and ages ranging from Precambrian to Cretaceous in both the Ghaba and Fahud Salt Basin Provinces. Clastic reservoirs of the Gharif and Al Khlata Formations, Haushi Group (M. Carboniferous to L. Permian), dominate oil production in the Ghaba Salt Basin Province and form the basis for the Huqf/`Q' ? Haushi(!) TPS. In contrast, the Lower Cretaceous Shu'aiba and Middle Cretaceous Natih limestones account for most of the production in the Fahud Salt Basin with about 50 percent of the basin's production from porous, fractured Shu'aiba limestones in Yibal field, thus the name North Oman Huqf ? Shu'aiba(!) TPS. Deep gas is produced mainly from Middle Cambrian to Lower Ordovician clastic reservoirs of the Haima Supergroup. Traps in nearly all hydrocarbon accumulations of these petroleum systems are mainly structural and were formed by one or more mechanisms. These trap-forming mechanisms were mainly periodic halokinesis of the thick Cambrian Ara Salt and consequent folding and faulting from basin loading, rifting, or other major tectonic events, particularly those events forming the Oman Mountains and associated foreland-basin system during the Late Cretaceous and Late Tertiary. Many of the future new-field targets will likely be low-relief, subtle structures, as many of the large structures have been drilled. Oman's recent interest and commitments to liquid natural gas export make deep gas a primary objective in the two North Oman Huqf petroleum systems. New-field exploration of deep gas and exploring deeper targets for gas in existing fields will likely identify a significant gas resource in the next thirty years. Moreover, salt-diapir flank traps in these two North Oman Huqf petroleum systems and salt basin provinces have gone essentially untested and will likely be targeted in the near-future. The Middle Cretaceous Natih(!) TPS is a small efficient system of the Fahud Salt Basin. Natih source rocks are only mature in the Late Cretaceous/Tertiary foredeep and production is primarily from Natih reservoirs; minor production from the Shu'aiba limestone is documented along fault-dip structures. Most traps are structural and are related to development of the foreland basin and formation of the Oman Mountains. Future targets of the Natih TPS will be less obvious than those of Fahud and Natih fields and likely includ

Pollastro, R. M.

1999-01-01

360

Socioeconomic associations of improved maternal, neonatal, and perinatal survival in Qatar  

PubMed Central

This retrospective study analyzed the temporal association between socioeconomic development indices and improved maternal, neonatal, and perinatal survival in the State of Qatar over a period of 35 years (1974–2008). We explored the association between reduction in poverty, improvement in maternal education, and perinatal health care on the one hand, and increased maternal, neonatal, and perinatal survival on the other hand. Yearly mortality data was ascertained from the perinatal and neonatal mortality registers of the Women’s Hospital and the national database in the Department of Preventive Medicine at Hamad Medical Corporation in Doha. A total of 323,014 births were recorded during the study period. During these 35 years, there was a remarkable decline (P < 0.001) in Qatar’s neonatal mortality rate from 26.27/1000 in 1974 to 4.4/1000 in 2008 and in the perinatal mortality rate from 44.4/1000 in 1974 to 10.58/1000 in 2008. Qatar’s maternal mortality rate remained zero during 1993, 1995, and then in 1998–2000. The maternal mortality rate was 11.6/100,000 in 2008. For the rest of the years it has been approximately 10/100,000. Across the study period, the reduction in poverty, increase in maternal education, and improved perinatal health care were temporally associated with a significant improvement in maternal, neonatal, and perinatal survival. The total annual births increased five-fold during the study period, with no negative impact on survival rates. Neonatal mortality rates in Qatar have reached a plateau since 2005. We also conducted a substudy to assess the association between improvements in survival rates in relation to health care investment. For this purpose, we divided the study period into two eras, ie, era A (1974–1993) during which major health care investment was in community-based, low-cost interventions, and era B (1994–2008) during which the major health care investment was in high-technology institutional interventions. Although from 1974–1993 (era A) the per capita health expenditure increased by only 19% as compared with a 137% increase in 1994–2008 (era B). The decline in neonatal and perinatal mortality rates was three times steeper during era A than in era B. The decline in neonatal and perinatal mortality rates was also significant (P < 0.001) when analyzed separately for era A and era B. We concluded that across the 35-year period covered by our study, the reduction in poverty, increased maternal education, and improved perinatal health care were temporally associated with improved maternal, neonatal, and perinatal survival in the State of Qatar. From the subanalysis of era A and era B, we concluded that low-cost, community-based interventions, on the background of socioeconomic development, have a stronger impact on maternal, neonatal, and perinatal survival as compared with high-cost institutional interventions.

Rahman, Sajjad; Salameh, Khalil; Bener, Abdulbari; El Ansari, Walid

2010-01-01

361

An analysis of wind and solar energy resources for the State of Kuwait  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Kuwait is an important producer of oil and gas. Its rapid socio-economic growth has been characterized by increasing population, high rates of urbanization, and substantial industrialization, which is transforming it into a large big energy consumer as well. In addition to urbanization, climatic conditions have played an important function in increasing demand for electricity in Kuwait. Electricity for thermal cooling has become essential in the hot desert climate, and its use has developed rapidly along with the economic development, urbanization, and population growth. This study examines the long-term wind and solar resources over the Kuwait to determine the feasibility of these resources as potential sustainable and renewable energy sources. The ultimate goal of this research is to help identify the potential role of renewable energy in Kuwait. This study will examine the drivers and requirements for the deployment of these energy sources and their possible integration into the electricity generation sector to illustrate how renewable energy can be a suitable resource for power production in Kuwait and to illustrate how they can also be used to provide electricity for the country. For this study, data from sixteen established stations monitored by the meteorological department were analyzed. A solar resource map was developed that identifies the most suitable locations for solar farm development. A range of different relevant variables, including, for example, electric networks, population zones, fuel networks, elevation, water wells, streets, and weather stations, were combined in a geospatial analysis to predict suitable locations for solar farm development and placement. An analysis of recommendations, future energy targets and strategies for renewable energy policy in Kuwait are then conducted. This study was put together to identify issues and opportunities related to renewable energy in the region, since renewable energy technologies are still limited in Kuwait because, compared to the cost of conventional electricity in Kuwait, the cost of renewable energy-based electricity is very high. However, the abundant availability of the solar and wind energy as clean renewable energy in Kuwait offers the country significant opportunities to become a leader in the renewable energy sector. In a competition with subsidized oil and gas energy, the success of renewable energy technologies in Kuwait will be subject to the ability of the state to introduce supporting policies, including financial incentives and a regulatory framework to encourage deployment and reduce cost.

Alhusainan, Haya Nasser

362

Molecular Epidemiology and Genotyping of Hepatitis B Virus of HBsAg-Positive Patients in Oman  

PubMed Central

Background Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a major global health burden with distinct geographic public health significance. Oman is a country with intermediate HBV carrier prevalence; however, little is known about the incidence of HBV variants in circulation. We investigated the HBV genotype distribution, the occurrence of antiviral resistance, and HBV surface antigen (HBsAg) escape mutations in HBsAg-positive patients in Oman. Methods Serum samples were collected from 179 chronically HBV-infected patients enrolled in various gastroenterology clinics in Oman. HBV genotypes were determined by sequencing and phylogenetic analysis. Mutations in the HBV polymerase and the HBsAg gene were characterized by mutational analysis. Results HBV genotypes D (130/170; 76.47%) and A (32/170; 18.28%) are predominant in Oman. The HBV genotypes C and E were less frequent (each 1.18%), while the HBV genotypes B, G, F, and H were not detected. Four patients revealed HBV genotype mixtures (HBV-A/D and D/C). The analyses of vaccine escape mutations yield that 148/170 (87.06%) HBV sequences were wild type. 22/170 (12.94%) HBV sequences showed mutations in the “a” determinant of the HBsAg domain. Two patients showed the described HBV vaccine escape mutation sP120T. 8/146 (5.48%) HBV isolates harbored mutations in the HBV polymerase known to confer resistance against antiviral therapy. Especially the lamivudine resistance mutations rtL180M/rtM204V and rtM204I were detected. Conclusion This study shows the distribution of HBV genotypes, therapy resistance, and vaccine escape mutations in HBV-infected patients in Oman. Our findings will have a major impact on therapy management and diagnostics of chronic HBV infections in Oman to control HBV infection in this intermediate HBV-endemic country.

Al Naamani, Khalid; Al Awaidy, Salah; Busaidy, Suleiman Al; Pauli, Georg; Bock, C.-Thomas

2014-01-01

363

The unstable Gulf  

SciTech Connect

This book is an analysis of the international political environment for business in the Gulf region. To secure the flow of oil supplies to the West, the U.S. relies on stable relations with the key Gulf states: Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Oman, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, and Qatar. The region's dynamic balance of power, however, is inherently destabilizing, which threatens the investment climate and the billions of dollars of international commerce with the Gulf states expected in the next decade. Dr. Martin analyzes the effects of the religious, ethnic, and ideological differences in the Persian Gulf on superpower competition and U.S. energy policy.

Martin, L.G.

1986-01-01

364

History in the News: Middle East History, Society, and Culture Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Department of History, University at Albany, SUNY (last reviewed in the January 21, 2000 Scout Report) has put together a useful and straightforward metasite covering resources on the history and culture of the Middle East. History in the News focuses specifically on Bahrain, Cyprus, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkey, UAE, and Yemen. Resources are easily browseable by topic (History, Religion, Economics, Maps) or by country. This is a nice place to start one's reading on this newsworthy region of the world.

2001-01-01

365

Health workforce development planning in the Sultanate of Oman: a case study  

PubMed Central

Introduction Oman's recent experience in health workforce development may be viewed against the backdrop of the situation just three or four decades ago, when it had just a few physicians and nurses (mostly expatriate). All workforce categories in Oman have grown substantially over the last two decades. Increased self-reliance was achieved despite substantial growth in workforce stocks. Stocks of physicians and nurses grew significantly during 1985–2007. This development was the outcome of well-considered national policies and plans. This case outlines how Oman is continuing to turn around its excessive dependence on expatriate workforce through strategic workforce development planning. Case description The Sultanate's early development initiatives focused on building a strong health care infrastructure by importing workforce. However, the policy-makers stressed national workforce development for a sustainable future. Beginning with the formulation of a strategic health workforce development plan in 1991, the stage was set for adopting workforce planning as an essential strategy for sustainable health development and workforce self-reliance. Oman continued to develop its educational infrastructure, and began to produce as much workforce as possible, in order to meet health care demands and achieve workforce self-reliance. Other policy initiatives with a beneficial impact on Oman's workforce development scenario were: regionalization of nursing institutes, active collaboration with universities and overseas specialty boards, qualitative improvement of the education system, development of a strong continuing professional development system, efforts to improve workforce management, planned change management and needs-based micro/macro-level studies. Strong political will and bold policy initiatives, dedicated workforce planning and educational endeavours have all contributed to help Oman to develop its health workforce stocks and gain self-reliance. Discussion and evaluation Oman has successfully innovated workforce planning within a favorable policy environment. Its intensive and extensive workforce planning efforts, with the close involvement of policy-makers, educators and workforce managers, have ensured adequacy of suitable workforce in health institutions and its increased self-reliance in the health workforce. Conclusion Oman's experience in workforce planning and development presents an illustration of a country benefiting from successful application of workforce planning concepts and tools. Instead of being complacent about its achievements so far, every country needs to improve or sustain its planning efforts in this way, in order to circumvent the current workforce deficiencies and to further increase self-reliance and improve workforce efficiency and effectiveness.

Ghosh, Basu

2009-01-01

366

An overview of the surface and near-surface geology, geomorphology and natural resources of Kuwait  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The surface and near-surface geology, geomorphology and natural resources of Kuwait have been reviewed based on the published work. The stratigraphy and structure of the near-surface sediments of Kuwait have been mainly controlled by the Tertiary tectonic activity of the Arabian Shield. The shield started separating from the African mainland by the close of the Eocene and drifted northeastward towards the Asian plate, giving rise to the folding and thrusting of the Zagros Mountains of Iran. The tectonic activity superimposed a northwest-southeast trend over an earlier north-south structural trend, and gave rise to parallel ridges and valleys trending northwest-southeast through differential erosion. It has been possible to identify 15 geomorphic zones and 11 morphostructures from analysis of the surface features of Kuwait. Seven of these morphostructures can be attributed to tectonic processes and two to fluvial processes. It has not been possible, however, to explain satisfactorily the origin of the Jal Az-Zor escarpment or the Ad-Dalmaniyah cliff. The whole of Kuwait can be divided into seven drainage zones. Of these, the internal drainage systems of the Ar-Raudhatain-Umm Al-Aish drainage system and the Ad-Dibdibba drainage system are hydrogeologically most important. The clastic deposits of Kuwait Group sediments, often affected by low-temperature carbonate (calcite and dolomite) and sulfate (gypsum) precipitation, form the surface rock of Kuwait. These are covered by recent aeolian and residual deposits; playa deposits in the enclosed basins; and near the coast, oolitic sediments, beach sands and sabkha deposits. The surface and near-surface deposits of Kuwait contain important reserves of construction sand and gravel as well as the only naturally occurring freshwater reserves of the country. An understanding of the nature of these surface deposits is required for the management of environmental issues like sand encroachment, land-use planning, and soil and groundwater pollution.

Al-Sulaimi, J.; Mukhopadhyay, A.

2000-06-01

367

An overview of the Tertiary geology and hydrogeology of the northern part of the Arabian Gulf region with special reference to Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tertiary sediments constitute the main source of usable groundwater in Kuwait. Tectonics, depositional environment, lithology and the hydrogeology of these sediments have been reviewed on a regional scale, with special reference to Kuwait. The review showed that Kuwait was situated at the boundary of the stable shelf towards southwest and the unstable shelf towards northeast throughout the Tertiary period. The

A. Mukhopadhyay; J. Al-Sulaimi; E. Al-Awadi; F. Al-Ruwaih

1996-01-01

368

Petrological evolution of the metamorphic sole of Oman  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Obduction corresponds to one of plate tectonics oddities, whereby fragments of dense, oceanic lithosphere (ophiolites) are presumably 'thrust' on top of light continental ones. Though reported from most convergent belts, the emplacement of ophiolites is still poorly understood. The thin HT metamorphic soles (i.e., 800°C - 1 GPa, on average) frequently underlying such large ophiolite klippen may provide constraints on ophiolite emplacement. Metamorphic soles are indeed generally interpreted as oceanic shallow crustal material (basalts and sediments) heated against the warmer mantle at ~ 30 km depths during initiation of underthrusting and subduction initiation. Tracing the PT evolution of these soles can thus in principle shed light on early obduction stages. A number of major unknowns, however, still characterize metamorphic soles: (1) their enigmatic origin (i.e., underthrust cover of the future "lower" plate, or sheared, folded and reversed cover of the "upper" plate?) (2) emplacement mechanisms that allow these soles to become tectonically and rheologically welded to the base of the ophiolite mantle (especially in the first case), (3) the mismatch in P between metamorphic conditions (i.e., 30 km equilibrium depths) and preserved ophiolite thickness (~10-15 km). This contribution presents new data from various metamorphic sole locations across the Oman mountains, all dated at ~95 Ma, using pseudosections modelling (testing a range of appropriate solution models for amphiboles) on both pristine metamorphic remnants (including melts) and less frozen-in samples. PT constraints, reappraised from north to south-east, suggest subtle PT variations with a trend of deeper metamorphic equilibration towards the north, where PT conditions reach 850°C and 1-1.2 GPa. These thermobarometric data are complemented by multi-element geochemical constraints on the origin of metamorphic soles throughout Oman, which evidence very consistent E-MORB signatures and point to a protolith origin in a transitional oceanic domain located close to the continental margin. This result is in line with earlier findings (Ishikawara, 2005) and suggestions that these soles may derive from the Haybi complex (Searle and Cox, 1999). These data are compared to the available structural and petrological data on both the ophiolite proper and the metamorphic HP-LT subducted continental material beneath. We favour a scenario in which subduction initiates obliquely, in a transitional oceanic domain (close and to the north of Arabia), to a small and young marginal basin (c. 95 Ma; its spreading center is preserved in the south-east, near Maqsad). Limited calc-alkaline magmatic imprint (Lasail volcanism) and orthopyroxenite dykes on the south-western edge of the ophiolite could respectively correspond to limited arc magmatic inputs of the short-lived subduction and to the hydration-driven remelting of oceanic lithosphere. Our interpretation is finally set back in the frame of late Cretaceous Neotethyan geodynamics.

Agard, Philippe; Yamato, Philippe; Piccoli, Francesca; Benoît, Mathieu; Dubacq, Benoît; Guillot, Stéphane; Monié, Patrick; Chauvet, Alain; Ceuleneer, Georges; Chopin, Christian; Prigent, Cécile

2013-04-01

369

Nutritional Practices of Athletes in Oman: A Descriptive Study  

PubMed Central

Objective Adequate dietary intake is crucial for optimum training and performance of athletes. There is almost no available information related to dietary practices among Omani athletes, especially during the competition. This study aimed to assess the nutritional practices (nutritional knowledge, eating habits and daily nutrients intake) among Omani male handball athletes in Muscat city, Oman. Methods This is a cross sectional study including 35 male handball athletes involved in serious training for no less than three years. Data collection was done through personal interviews using a study questionnaire which enlisted questions relating to socio-demographic information, anthropometric measurements and nutritional practices. All the study participants declared no intake of anabolic steroids. Results The mean age of the study participants was 27 ± 3 years. Their anthropometric assessment revealed that their mean height was 166 ± 12 cm, mean weight was 75 ± 10 kg, and body mass index was 27 ± 3. Nutritional knowledge analysis revealed that 80% had no nutritional supervision by a nutritionist/dietitian. Their knowledge of nutritional requirements was only 23% correct for total energy intake, 63% for protein intake, 46% for carbohydrate intake, 11% for fat intake and 83% for water intake. Eating habits indicated that 55% had <3 meals/day, 51% had lunch as the principal meal, 51% always added extra salt to their food, 28% took protein supplements on a daily basis, and 51% used pre-competition glycogen load diet. However, none consumed vitamins or mineral supplements. The mean daily caloric intake was 3674 ± 265 kcal/day, which was roughly comprised of 596 ± 66 g carbohydrates, 147 ± 28 g of protein and 78 ± 20 g of total fat. Conclusion Professional nutritional supervision is needed in order to improve the nutritional knowledge and eating habits of Omani athletes, and therefore improve their athletic performance.

Waly, Mostafa I.; Kilani, Hashem A.; Al-Busafi, Majid S.

2013-01-01

370

Gravity field of Kuwait and its relevance to major geological structures  

SciTech Connect

Regional gravity surveys were done in the state of Kuwait during 1986-1988. The new gravity maps show a good correlation with geomorphological features as well as with deeper geological structures. The free-air anomaly map clearly reflects the topography of the Jal Az Zor and Ahmadi ridges, and Wadi Al-Batin. The Bouguer anomaly map is dominated by two prominent gravity highs correlatable with subsurface structural arches. The north-trending gravity high in eastern Kuwait represents the effect of a major structure, the Kuwait arch, along which many important oil fields are located. A smaller northwest-trending high mapped in western Kuwait indicates the presence of a second subsurface arch, which in this paper is named the Dibdibba arch. The two gravity highs are separated by a wedge-shaped gravity low presumably caused by thicker sediments of the Dibdibba basin. Magnetic measurements along selected profiles show the two arches to be associated with 100-200-nT (nannotesla) anomalies apparently reflecting the positive subsurface relief of the crystalline basement. Along the length of the Kuwait arch, magnetic data also indicate lateral susceptibility variations possibly related to lithological variations within the basement.

Warsi, W.E.K. (Univ. of Kuwait, Safat (Kuwait))

1990-10-01

371

Modernization and underdevelopment. The case of a capital-surplus country: Kuwait  

SciTech Connect

This study deals with the problem of modernization and development in a Third World country: Kuwait. The main thesis is that Kuwait has witnessed a process of modernization rather than a process of development. On the contrary, a process of underdevelopment has accompanied its modernization. This thesis is discussed through a detailed case study of the transformation of the Kuwaiti socio-economic system over a period of thirty years. Kuwait is not a typical Third World country. Its uniqueness lies in the fact that it is a thinly populated capital-producing country with severe labor shortages and huge capital surpluses. The major focus of the analysis is on the kind of modernization and development that occurred under this rare condition. The whole process of transformation is exposed through an analysis of manpower development. Manpower, or labor, is seen both as the source of bottleneck of any genuine development in the less developed countries. The case of Kuwaiti modernization and development is analyzed from a political economy perspective, whereby the role of social and political variables in social change is emphasized. Finally, the transformation of Kuwait is viewed within the larger international economic order. The role of external political and economic factors in shaping Kuwait's modernization and development is discussed.

Sirhan, B.T.

1980-01-01

372

Prevalence of dental caries among 12-14 year old children in Qatar  

PubMed Central

Background To ensure the oral health of a population, clinicians must deliver appropriate dental services, and local communities need to have access to dental care facilities. However, establishment of this infrastructure must be based on reliable information regarding disease prevalence and severity in the target population. Objectives The aims of this study were to measure the incidence of dental caries in school children aged 12–14 throughout Qatar, including the influence of socio-demographic factors. Materials and methods A cross-sectional study was conducted in Qatar from October 2011 to March 2012. A total of 2113 children aged 12–14 were randomly selected from 16 schools located in different geographic areas. Three calibrated examiners using World Health Organization (WHO) criteria to diagnose dental caries performed the clinical examinations. Data analyses were subsequently conducted. Results The mean decayed, missing, and filled teeth index values were respectively 4.62 (±3.2), 4.79 (±3.5), and 5.5 (±3.7), for 12, 13, and 14 year-old subjects. Caries prevalence was 85%. The mandibular incisors and canines were least affected by dental caries, while maxillary and mandibular molars exhibited the highest incidence of dental caries. Dental caries were affected by socio-demographic factors; significant differences were detected between female and male children, where more female children showed dental caries than male children. In addition, children residing in semi-urban areas showed more dental caries than in urban areas. Conclusion Results indicated that dental caries prevalence among school children in Qatar has reached critical levels, and is influenced by socio-demographic factors. The mean decayed, missing, and filled teeth values obtained in this study were the second highest detected in the Eastern Mediterranean region.

Al-Darwish, Mohammed; El Ansari, Walid; Bener, Abdulbari

2014-01-01

373

Assessment of wind energy potential locations in Oman using data from existing weather stations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes five years hourly wind data from twenty-nine weather stations to identify the potential location for wind energy applications in Oman. Different criteria including theoretical wind power output, vertical profile, turbulence and peak demand fitness were considered to identify the potential locations. Air density and roughness length, which play an important role in the calculation of the wind

Sultan AL-Yahyai; Yassine Charabi; Adel Gastli; Saleh Al-Alawi

2010-01-01

374

The United Kingdom's last hot war of the Cold War: Oman, 1963–75  

Microsoft Academic Search

Between 1963 and 1975, the United Kingdom fought its last ‘hot war’ that can be classified as part of the Cold War. Attracting little media attention at the time, the war the United Kingdom waged in Oman's Dhofar province halted the spread of communism in the Persian Gulf at a period of acute vulnerability. Contrary to existing studies, which treat

Marc DeVore

2011-01-01

375

Control of sea-water intrusion by salt-water pumping: Coast of Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

A shallow alluvial coastal aquifer in the Batinah area of Oman, with sea-water intrusion that extends several kilometres inland, has been studied experimentally, analytically and numerically. The water table is proved to have a trough caused by intensive pumping from a fresh groundwater zone and evaporation from the saline phreatic surface. Resistivity traverses perpendicular to the shoreline indicated no fresh

A. R. Kacimov; M. M. Sherif; J. S. Perret; A. Al-Mushikhi

2009-01-01

376

Early cretaceous platform-margin configuration and evolution in the central Oman mountains, Arabian peninsula  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Hajar Supergroup (Middle Permian-Lower Cretaceous) of northeastern Oman records rifting and development of a passive margin along the edge of the Arabian platform facing Neo-Tethys. The Jurassic and Lower Cretaceous part, comprising the Sahtan, Kahmah, and Wasia groups, was deposited during the maximum extent of the broad epicontinental sea landward of this margin. These limestone units reach a total

B. R. Pratt; J. D. Smewing

1993-01-01

377

The Huqf Supergroup of Oman: Basin development and context for Neoproterozoic glaciation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Huqf Supergroup of the Sultanate of Oman provides important information on the geological evolution of the Arabian–Persian Gulf region during a protracted period of continental dispersal and reassembly on the periphery of the Gondwanan supercontinent during the Neoproterozoic, and also provides important constraints on the nature of extreme climate swings during this critical period in the evolution of Earth's

Philip A. Allen

2007-01-01

378

Ceratocystis omanensis, a new species from diseased mango trees in Oman.  

PubMed

Mango (Mangifera indica) sudden decline is an important disease in Oman, which is closely associated with infections by Ceratocystis fimbriata and Lasiodiplodia theobromae. Another Ceratocystis species has also been found associated with symptoms on diseased trees. In this study, we identify that Ceratocystis based on morphology and DNA sequences. Morphological comparisons showed that the fungus from dying mango trees in Oman is similar to C. moniliformis. Both fungi have distinct hat-shaped ascospores, disc-shaped plates at the bases of the ascomatal necks and spines on the ascomatal bases. However, comparison of DNA sequences for ITS1-2, the 5.8S RNA gene, the beta-tubulin gene, and Transcription Elongation Factor (EF1-alpha) gene, confirmed that the fungus from Oman is distinct from C. moniliformis and other related species. Phylogenetically, this fungus formed one of four strongly supported sub-clades. The other sub-clades included isolates of C. bhutanensis, C. moniliformis and C. moniliformopsis, respectively. Based on morphological characteristics and differences in DNA sequences for three gene regions, we conclude that the Ceratocystis sp. from wounds on mango in Oman is a new species, for which we provide the name Ceratocystis omanensis sp. nov. PMID:16388939

Al-Subhi, Ali M; Al-Adawi, Ali O; Van Wyk, Marelize; Deadman, Michael L; Wingfield, Michael J

2006-02-01

379

Complete Nucleotide Sequence of Watermelon Chlorotic Stunt Virus Originating from Oman  

PubMed Central

Watermelon chlorotic stunt virus (WmCSV) is a bipartite begomovirus (genus Begomovirus, family Geminiviridae) that causes economic losses to cucurbits, particularly watermelon, across the Middle East and North Africa. Recently squash (Cucurbita moschata) grown in an experimental field in Oman was found to display symptoms such as leaf curling, yellowing and stunting, typical of a begomovirus infection. Sequence analysis of the virus isolated from squash showed 97.6–99.9% nucleotide sequence identity to previously described WmCSV isolates for the DNA A component and 93–98% identity for the DNA B component. Agrobacterium-mediated inoculation to Nicotiana benthamiana resulted in the development of symptoms fifteen days post inoculation. This is the first bipartite begomovirus identified in Oman. Overall the Oman isolate showed the highest levels of sequence identity to a WmCSV isolate originating from Iran, which was confirmed by phylogenetic analysis. This suggests that WmCSV present in Oman has been introduced from Iran. The significance of this finding is discussed.

Khan, Akhtar J.; Akhtar, Sohail; Briddon, Rob W.; Ammara, Um; Al-Matrooshi, Abdulrahman M.; Mansoor, Shahid

2012-01-01

380

The Oman Gharif mixed paleoflora: a useful tool for testing Permian Pangea reconstructions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The discovery of a Middle Permian fossil flora in the continental Gharif Formation (Huqf area, Sultanate of Oman), combined with an ostracod fauna in the overlying marine Khuff Formation, provides new data that further refine paleogeographical reconstructions of the Paleo-Tethys during the Late Paleozoic. The macro- and microfloral assemblages, originating from a single fossiliferous bed of the Gharif Formation, demonstrate

M. Berthelin; J. Broutin; H. Kerp; S. Crasquin-Soleau; J.-P. Platel; J. Roger

2003-01-01

381

Mineralogy of Atmospheric Suspended Dust in Three Indoor And One Outdoor Location in Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this work is to characterize the mineral phases present in the atmosphere at three locations in northern Oman. Samples of atmospheric particles were collected using a high volume sampler. Three indoor and one outdoor location were chosen in this investigation. Sampling locations included a residential house located nearby the cement plant, a residential house located nearby a

Sabah A. Abdul-Wahab; M. A. Worthing; Seif Al-Maamari

2005-01-01

382

Factors Affecting the Quality of Diabetic Care in Primary Care Settings in Oman  

PubMed Central

Objectives: The quality of services delivered to type 2 diabetic patients in primary health care has an important impact on long-term outcomes. The aim of this study is to explore diabetic patients’ views of factors affecting quality of diabetic services delivered in primary care in Oman, a developing country with a high burden of diabetes. Methods: Semi-structured face to face interviews were conducted with 19 type 2 diabetic patients recruited from four selected primary healthcare centres (PHCs) in Muscat region, the capital city of Oman. A framework approach was used to analyse the qualitative data. Results: Participants identified several factors which could affect the quality of diabetic services provided in PHCs: delays in the follow-up process; lack of continuity of care; diabetes educational materials unavailable in waiting areas; shortage of Omani nurses able to speak the patients’ language; inadequate explanations from the attending primary care physician (PCP); under involvement of dieticians in patient management; delays in provision of laboratory results; inadequate supplies of diabetic medication between appointments, and long waits to see ophthalmologists. Conclusion: Several factors were identified by diabetic patients that may influence the quality of diabetic services provided in the PHC setting in Oman. Health care professionals and decision makers in the Ministry of Health (MOH) and other health care sectors in Oman should consider patients’ views and concerns in order to improve the quality of diabetic care services in primary health care.

Al-Azri, Mohammed; Al-Azri, Hilal; Al-Hashmi, Fatma; Al-Rasbi, Samira; El-Shafie, Kawther; Al-Maniri, Abdullah

2011-01-01

383

Ceratocystis omanensis, a new species from diseased mango trees in Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mango (Mangifera indica) sudden decline is an important disease in Oman, which is closely associated with infections by Ceratocystis fimbriata and Lasiodiplodia theobromae. Another Ceratocystis species has also been found associated with symptoms on diseased trees. In this study, we identify that Ceratocystis based on morphology and DNA sequences. Morphological comparisons showed that the fungus from dying mango trees in

Ali M. Al-Subhi; Ali O. Al-Adawi; Marelize Van Wyk; Michael L. Deadman; Michael J. Wingfield

2006-01-01

384

Sayh al Uhaymir 094 a new martian meteorite from the Oman desert  

Microsoft Academic Search

The new martian meteorite Sayh al Uhaymir 094 was found in february 2001 during a joint meteorite search campaign of the University of Berne, the Natural History Museum Bern, and the Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Sultanate of Oman. The martian meteorite is a 223.3 g partially crusted, strongly to very strongly shocked melanocratic olivine-porphyric rock of the shergottite group

E. Gnos; B. Hofmann; I. A. Franchi; A. Al-Kathiri; M. Hauser; L. Moser

2003-01-01

385

Water Mangement Intricacies in the Sultanate of Oman The Augmenation—Conservation Conundrum  

Microsoft Academic Search

As with most arid regions, the gap between increasing demands for freshwater and the limited available natural resources has increased dramatically in the Sultanate of Oman. This is mainly due to the expansion in agricultural production and improvements in the standard of living with increasing demands per capita for good quality water. Major aquifers are affected from excessive pumping at

Hassan A. Al-Ajmi; Hayder A. Abdel Rahman

2001-01-01

386

Pre-School Education in Egypt, Oman and Japan: A Comparative Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines preschool education in Egypt, Oman, and Japan in the light of the comparative education approach developed by George Bereday utilizing description, interpretation, juxtaposition, and comparison. The literature of early childhood education is surveyed, beginning with the three most influential pioneers: Friedrich Wilhelm…

Dahawy, Bayoumi Mohamed

387

Oman: Reform, Security, and U.S. Policy. Updated April 13, 2011.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Prior to the wave of unrest that has swept the Middle East in 2011, the United States had consistently praised Sultan Qaboos bin Sa'id Al Said for opening up the political process in the Sultanate of Oman, beginning this initiative in the early 1980s with...

K. Katzman

2011-01-01

388

English Language Teaching Reform in Sultanate of Oman: The Case of Theory and Practice Disparity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sultanate of Oman is one out of many developing countries around the world which have valued English as a very important international language and a tool for achieving multiple purposes. When His Majesty the Sultan came to power in 1970, the government accepted English as the only official foreign language and allocated huge budgets and resources…

Al-Issa, Ali S.; Al-Bulushi, Ali H.

2012-01-01

389

The Implications of Implementing a "Flexible" Syllabus for ESL Policy in the Sultanate of Oman  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The education system in general and ELT in particular are rigidly controlled in the Sultanate of Oman, which gives teachers little room to supplement the mandated textbook. This article, hence, discusses ideologies about the "flexible" ELT syllabus and the role of the teacher's professionalism in the syllabus implementation process. One of the…

Al-Issa, Ali S. M.

2007-01-01

390

Meeting the Challenges: The Development of Quality Assurance in Oman's Colleges of Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The educational history of the Sultanate of Oman has undergone rapid development. In 1970, there were three primary schools. Today, there is universal education, with modern public and private institutions. In 1985, the first teacher education institutions offered a diploma programme. In 1994, six Colleges of Education, offering a degree, were…

Al Bandary, Mohammed Sulaiman

2005-01-01

391

Brief Report: Prevalence of Autistic Spectrum Disorders in the Sultanate of Oman  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prevalence of autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) in Oman is unknown. We conducted a cross-sectional study to estimate the prevalence of ASD among 0-14 year old children. Diagnoses were made as per DSM-IV-TR criteria and supplemented with information collected with the standard Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS) questionnaire. A total 113 cases of…

Al-Farsi, Yahya M.; Al-Sharbati, Marwan M.; Al-Farsi, Omar A.; Al-Shafaee, Mohammed S.; Brooks, Daniel R.; Waly, Mostafa I.

2011-01-01

392

Progress in Developing a National Quality Management System for Higher Education in Oman  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The post-secondary education sector in Oman consists of a complex suite of public and private institutions, in a number of distinct segments, offering local and foreign programmes developed through their respective quality assurance systems. The Omani higher education quality management system is undergoing significant advances to address this…

Carroll, Martin; Razvi, Salim; Goodliffe, Tess; Al-Habsi, Fakhriya

2009-01-01

393

Education of Children with Vision Impairments in the Sultanate of Oman.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the prevalence and patterns of vision impairment in the Sultanate of Oman. Reviews the types of special education and rehabilitation services offered and future priorities. Concludes that, although at present, few visually impaired children are receiving services, a special education system is evolving into a community-based approach to…

Hadidi, Muna S. Z.

1998-01-01

394

Higher Education in the Sultanate of Oman: The Challenge of Access, Equity and Privatization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of higher education in the Sultanate of Oman found management by several government entities, no tradition of charging fees or tuition, and supply of higher education inadequate to demand. Proposes a framework for a consolidated management system and market-oriented reforms. (EV)

Al-Lamki, Salma M.

2002-01-01

395

Local e-government impact in China, New Zealand, Oman, and the United Kingdom  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to provide a picture of (local) e-government impact and development philosophy in China, New Zealand, Oman, and the UK. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A survey instrument was used to collect data from policymakers in 114 civil service organisations in four countries during 2007. Findings – Policymakers in every country report only low-medium levels of

Eric Deakins; Stuart Dillon; Hamed Al Namani

2010-01-01

396

Considerations for introduction of a rotavirus vaccine in Oman: rotavirus disease and economic burden.  

PubMed

Rotavirus is the most common cause of fatal childhood diarrhea worldwide. We provide the first estimates of the health care and economic burden of severe rotavirus disease in Oman. We conducted active, hospital-based surveillance of rotavirus disease at 11 regional public hospitals in Oman, using the guidelines suggested by the generic World Health Organization protocol. From July 2006 through June 2008, all children aged <5 years who were hospitalized for acute gastroenteritis were enrolled in the surveillance program, and their stool samples were tested for rotavirus using a commercially available enzyme immunoassay (ID EIA Rotavirus Test; Dako Diagnostics). Rotavirus was detected in samples from 1712 (49%) of 3470 children. These children were hospitalized for a median of 3 days for severe diarrhea. A marked seasonal peak was evident with a majority of the cases occurring from December through May. Of the rotavirus cases, 69% occurred in children aged 6-17 months. We identified a diverse strain pattern in Oman, with G2 (37%), G1 (38%), and G9 (11%) accounting for most of typeable strains. By our burden estimates, the Omani government spends an estimated US$791,817 and US$1.8 million annually to treat rotavirus-associated diarrhea in the outpatient and hospital settings, respectively. A rotavirus vaccination program might substantially reduce the burden of severe diarrhea among children in Oman. PMID:19817605

Al Awaidy, S A; Bawikar, S; Al Busaidy, S; Baqiani, S; Al Abedani, I; Varghese, R; Abdoan, H S; Al Abdoon, H; Bhatnagar, S; Al Hasini, K S; Mohan, P; Shah, S; Elamir, E; Klena, J; Ahmed, S F; Teleb, N; Parashar, U; Patel, M M

2009-11-01

397

Analysis of thermal inversions in the Khareef Salalah region in the Sultanate of Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

Meteorology and topography (shape of the land) are two of the most important environmental factors that control the movement of pollutants in the atmosphere. A well-known example of the importance of topography and meteorology is the so-called monsoon season in Salalah (Khareef Salalah) in the Sultanate of Oman. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the role of the

Sabah A. Abdul-Wahab

2003-01-01

398

Complete nucleotide sequence of watermelon chlorotic stunt virus originating from Oman.  

PubMed

Watermelon chlorotic stunt virus (WmCSV) is a bipartite begomovirus (genus Begomovirus, family Geminiviridae) that causes economic losses to cucurbits, particularly watermelon, across the Middle East and North Africa. Recently squash (Cucurbita moschata) grown in an experimental field in Oman was found to display symptoms such as leaf curling, yellowing and stunting, typical of a begomovirus infection. Sequence analysis of the virus isolated from squash showed 97.6-99.9% nucleotide sequence identity to previously described WmCSV isolates for the DNA A component and 93-98% identity for the DNA B component. Agrobacterium-mediated inoculation to Nicotiana benthamiana resulted in the development of symptoms fifteen days post inoculation. This is the first bipartite begomovirus identified in Oman. Overall the Oman isolate showed the highest levels of sequence identity to a WmCSV isolate originating from Iran, which was confirmed by phylogenetic analysis. This suggests that WmCSV present in Oman has been introduced from Iran. The significance of this finding is discussed. PMID:22852046

Khan, Akhtar J; Akhtar, Sohail; Briddon, Rob W; Ammara, Um; Al-Matrooshi, Abdulrahman M; Mansoor, Shahid

2012-07-01

399

Petrofabric Investigation of Gabbros from the Oman Ophiolite: Comparison between AMS and Rock Fabric  

Microsoft Academic Search

The anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility was measured on 42 gabbros sampled across a complete plutonic sequence from the Oman ophiolite. The rock fabrics, investigated in the field and through plagioclase crystallographic fabric measurements, were compared to the magnetic fabrics. This comparative study reveals that from the paleo-Moho to the top of the foliated gabbros level, 73% of the rocks display

G. Yaouancq; C. J. MacLeod

2000-01-01

400

Subsidence in magma chamber and the development of magmatic foliation in Oman ophiolite gabbros  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the Oman ophiolite, the horizon where the melt lens pinched during drifting away from the ocean ridge axis has been identified. Starting in the Root Zone of the Sheeted Dike Complex (RZSDC) located above this horizon, 18 sections down to the upper gabbros unit have been mapped in great detail, in selected areas of the southern massifs of this

Adolphe Nicolas; Françoise Boudier

2009-01-01

401

Desalination by solar-powered reverse osmosis in a remote area of the Sultanate of Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Ministry of Water Resources successfully conducted an experimental study on the use of solar power to desalinate brackish ground water at their Heelat ar Rakah camp, a remote location some 900 km south of Muscat, the capital of Oman. The system comprises components for pre-treatment of pumped well water to separate hydrogen sulphide, acid dosing to correct the pH,

Zaher Al Suleimani; V. Rajendran Nair

2000-01-01

402

3-D seismology in the Arabian Gulf  

SciTech Connect

Since 1977 when Aramco and GSI (Geophysical Services International) pioneered the first 3-D seismic survey in the Arabian Gulf, under the guidance of Aramco`s Chief Geophysicist John Hoke, 3-D seismology has been effectively used to map many complex subsurface geological phenomena. By the mid-1990s extensive 3-D surveys were acquired in Abu Dhabi, Oman, Qatar and Saudi Arabia. Also in the mid-1990`s Bahrain, Kuwait and Dubai were preparing to record surveys over their fields. On the structural side 3-D has refined seismic maps, focused faults and fractures systems, as well as outlined the distribution of facies, porosity and fluid saturation. In field development, 3D has not only reduced drilling costs significantly, but has also improved the understanding of fluid behavior in the reservoir. In Oman, Petroleum Development Oman (PDO) has now acquired the first Gulf 4-D seismic survey (time-lapse 3D survey) over the Yibal Field. The 4-D survey will allow PDO to directly monitor water encroachment in the highly-faulted Cretaceous Shu`aiba reservoir. In exploration, 3-D seismology has resolved complex prospects with structural and stratigraphic complications and reduced the risk in the selection of drilling locations. The many case studies from Saudi Arabia, Oman, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates, which are reviewed in this paper, attest to the effectiveness of 3D seismology in exploration and producing, in clastics and carbonates reservoirs, and in the Mesozoic and Paleozoic.

Al-Husseini, M. [Gulf PetroLink, Manama (Bahrain); Chimblo, R. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

1995-08-01

403

Lessons Learned from Adopting Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning in Oman  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite recent investments in and rapid modernization of university campuses in places like Kuwait and Saudi Arabia, higher education in the Middle East still faces many obstacles. One of the greatest has been a fundamental disconnect between education and employment, a possible factor contributing to many of the recent riots in the Arab World. In…

Porcaro, David S.; Al Musawi, Ali S.

2011-01-01

404

High salinity events in the northern Arabian Sea and Sea of Oman  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Moored observations in the northern Arabian Sea (NAS) show substantial velocity, temperature and dissolved oxygen fluctuations, accompanied by episodic high salinity intrusions with maximum values?37.3 on time scales of 2-10 days after the passage of Cyclone Gonu in 2007. These events are characterized by a rapid increase in temperature, salinity and dissolved oxygen followed by an abrupt decline. The mechanisms behind these high salinity events are investigated using a comprehensive dataset of temperature and salinity profiles from ARGO floats and sea surface height anomaly maps. The spatial and temporal distribution of the Persian/Arabian Gulf outflow to the Sea of Oman is also studied using ARGO profiles. Persian Gulf water (PGW) is mainly measured close to the Strait of Hormuz or along the Oman coast on the continental slope in the Sea of Oman. Both mooring and ARGO data show that high salinity PGW can be advected off the slope and into the interior. More high salinity water is measured in the interior of the Sea of Oman within three months after the Gonu passage in summer 2007, which is caused by the combination effect of the oceanic responses to Cyclone Gonu and a clockwise eddy circulation located at northern Ras al Hadd. At other times, the high salinity water appears more in isolated patches and rare in the interior. This study provides a first look at the high salinity events appearing after Gonu and the properties and dynamics of the PGW in the northern Arabian Sea and Sea of Oman.

Wang, Zhankun; DiMarco, Steven F.; Jochens, Ann E.; Ingle, Stephanie

2013-04-01

405

COOL: Crust of the Oman Ophiolite and its Lithosphere - a passive seismic experiment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Plate tectonics has established a framework for geoscientists to understand most geologic/tectonic processes that shaped our present-day Earth. 'Obduction', the emplacement of young, dense oceanic lithosphere (ophiolites) on top of older lighter continental lithosphere remains, however, a rather odd phenomenon. Some ophiolites are fundamentally similar to young oceanic crust and it is hence assumed that they were obducted as thrust sheets at the onset of continental subduction in a previously intra-oceanic subduction setting. The Peri-Arabic obduction corresponded to a spectacular, almost synchronous thrust movement along thousands of km from Turkey to Oman. At the eastern margin of the Arabian plate, the world's largest and best preserved ophiolite was emplaced in only a few My during Upper Cretaceous and is exposed today atop the Oman Mountain range. Although being the best studied ophiolite in the world, rather little is still known about the internal structure of the ophiolite and the Oman Mountains. The dimension of the ophiolite is large enough (~700 km) to be studied with seismological methods, providing thus a rare setting to investigate oceanic crust on land without ocean bottom installations. We have deployed a network of 40 broadband seismometers across the Oman Mountains in Oct/Nov 2013 for passive seismic registration for a duration of ca. 15 months. The network is complemented by 10 permanent stations in the area operated by the Earthquake Monitoring Center in Oman. Aims of the project include: - Seismological imaging of the geometry and internal properties of obducted oceanic, and its underlying continental lithosphere. - Regional tomographic velocity models will provide constraints on geodynamic processes that led to large scale obduction. - Investigating the "quiet" Makran subduction zone for local seismicity will improve understanding of seismic hazard on the eastern Arabian plate.

Weidle, Christian; Agard, Philippe; Ducassou, Céline; El-Hussain, Issa; Prigent, Cécile; Meier, Thomas

2014-05-01

406

Genotoxicity to human cells induced by air particulates isolated during the Kuwait oil fires  

SciTech Connect

In an effort to examine the potential of exposure to soot from the 1991 oil fires in the Kuwait desert for inducing genetic effects we studied the in vitro genotoxicity of this materials. Air particulates isolated near the Kuwait oil fires were studied using three assays. Dose-dependent increases were observed for both sister chromatid exchanges in human peripheral blood lymphocytes and mutation at the hprt locus in the metabolically competent human lymphoblast cell line AHH-1. Similar magnitudes of response were seen using these two assays when testing a standard air particulate sample which had been isolated from the Washington, DC, area. Using the [sup 32]P-postlabeling assay, no increase in DNA adduct formation was observed in AHH-1 cells treated with particulates isolated from sampling in Kuwait. 18 refs., 4 figs.

Kelsey, K.T.; Xia, F.; Christiani, D.C.; Liber, H.L.; Spengler, J.D.; Dockery, D.W. (Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA (United States)); Bodell, W.J. (Univ. of California, San Francisco, CA (United States))

1994-01-01

407

Extent and nature of hydrocarbon occurrence in the groundwater of Kuwait  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A study, aimed at characterizing the nature of anthropogenic and biogenic hydrocarbon contamination in the groundwater of Kuwait, was carried out using fluorescence spectroscopy and other analytical techniques. The results of these analyses have demonstrated that the groundwater in certain areas of northern Kuwait has been significantly impacted by contamination originating from the oil-contaminated surface soils. The study revealed that a water-soluble fraction (WSF) of the crude oil surface contamination appeared to be slowly leaching into the freshwater lenses located in the area. The study also showed that hydrocarbon pollutants were practically absent in the brackish water areas of central and southern Kuwait, except for a few isolated sites. However, nonpetroleum hydrocarbons, with ultraviolet-visible absorption characteristics and fluorescence characteristics typically associated with humic substances, were observed at a few sites in the brackish water fields.

Al-Awadi, Eman; Quinn, Michael; Mukhopadhyay, Amitabha; Hauser, Andre; Akber, Adnan; Al-Haddad, Adel; Al-Rashedi, Majed

2009-01-01

408

Optical extinction of smoke from the Kuwait oil fires  

SciTech Connect

Aircraft-based measurements of optical extinction, optical scattering, and particle mass concentrations were obtained in the smoke from the Kuwait oil fires during May and June 1991. These measurements were used to derive optical absorption, single-scattering albedo ({anti {omega}}), specific absorption and the amount of soot in the smoke. Measurements were made in smoke from individual oil wells, pool fires and in composite smoke plumes. The value of {anti {omega}} for smoke from the individual fires was either 0.35-0.4 (for the black smoke) or 0.85-0.95 (for the white smoke). For the aged composite plume from all of the fires, {anti {omega}} ranged from 0.52 to 0.6. The specific absorption of the composite smoke varied from about 2 m{sup 2} g{sup {minus}1} near the fires to about 1.5 m{sup 2} g{sup {minus}1} well downwind. 8 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab.

Weiss, R.E. [Radiance Research, Inc., Seattle, WA (United States); Hobbs, P.V. [Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States)

1992-09-20

409

Surgical Site Infection Complicating Breast Cancer Surgery in Kuwait  

PubMed Central

Background and Objectives. Surgical site infection (SSI) is the most common postoperative complication associated with breast cancer surgery. The present investigation aimed to determine the SSI rate after breast cancer surgeries and the causative microorganisms. Patients and Methods. All patients who underwent breast surgery in Kuwait Cancer Control Center as a treatment for breast cancer from January 2009–December 2010 were prospectively followed for the development of SSI. Indirect detection was used to identify SSIs through medical record to review and discussion with the treating surgeons. Results. The number of operations was 438. Females represented 434 (99.1%) cases while males constituted only 4 (0.9%) cases. SSIs were diagnosed after 10 operations, all for female cases. Most of the SSIs (8 cases; 80%) were detected after patients were discharged, during outpatient followup. Out of those 5/8; (62.5%) were readmitted for management of SSI. Nine patients (90%) received systemic antibiotic therapy for management of their wound infection. The SSI rate was 2.3%. The main causative organism was Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) which was responsible for 40% of infections. Gram negative bacteria were isolated from 40% of the cases. Conclusion. SSI is an important complication following breast cancer surgery. Microbiological diagnosis is an essential tool for proper management of such patients.

Omar, Abeer A.; Al-Mousa, Haifaa H.

2013-01-01

410

Application of indices for air quality management in Kuwait  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the present work is to adapt an earlier uniform ambient air quality index structure to fit the unique local environmental conditions prevailing in Kuwait. The new index is based on linear segmented functions for calculating subindices and a maximum operator function for calculating the overall index. It incorporates five regularly monitored air pollutants (total suspended particulates. sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, and ozone), and their corresponding descriptive categories. Due to the very special nature of the natural arid environment in the region and the frequent occurrence of dust storms, total suspended particulates was found to be responsible for the highest values of the ambient air quality index. To overcome this problem in applying the index, a statement should be attached to indicate the {open_quotes}critical air pollutant{close_quotes} causing the index to exceed the permissible standard and the natural origin of the pollutant in the case of dust storms. In general, the index developed was able to reflect the day-to-day variations in ambient air quality in a reasonable fashion. It also reduced the volume of reported data for better dissemination, while retaining the meaning of the information to be communicated. 14 refs., 8 figs., 1 tab.

Khordagui, H.K.; Al-Ajmi, D.N. [Kuwait Inst. for Scientific Research, Safat (Kuwait)

1996-01-01

411

Natural recharge and localization of fresh ground water in Kuwait  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Fresh ground water (200 parts per million total dissolved solids and upwards) occurs in portions of Pleistocene sandstone aquifers beneath basins and wadis in north Kuwait where the mean rainfall is about five inches per year. The fresh water is surrounded and underlain by brackish water (> 4000 ppm TDS). Drilling and testing show that fresh water saturation is restricted to wadis and basin areas; in Rawdatain basin it attains a maximum thickness of about 110 feet and a lateral extent of about seven miles. The fresh ground water represents recharge localized, during infrequent, torrential rain storms, in areas of concentrated runoff where sediments in the vadose zone are moderately permeable and depth to the water table is generally less than a hundred feet. Concentration of runoff appears to be the primary control in the localization of recharge. The fresh water percolates downward to the ground-water reservoir following rare storms, then flows in the direction of hydraulic gradient and gradually becomes brackish. Theoretical delineation of the recharge area and ground-water flow pattern in Rawdatain was confirmed by tritium and C14 dating of the water. Brackish ground-water conditions prevail from water table downward in areas where rainfall infiltrates essentially where it falls, permeability of sediments in the vadose zone is low, or the water table is several hundred feet below land surface. In these areas, rainfall is retained and lost within the soil zone or becomes mineralized during deep percolation. ?? 1964.

Bergstrom, R. E.; Aten, R. E.

1965-01-01

412

Impact of aerosol on air temperature in Kuwait  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This work uses MODIS aerosol optical thickness (AOT) data observed over Kuwait during the 7-year interval 2000-2007. The values of AOT and the Ångström wavelength exponent ( ?) show a clear annual cycle. These data are categorized into two catalogues in terms of the values of the AOT of the 870 nm channel ( ?870). One catalogue (71 days) includes days with high values of AOT ( ?870 ? 0.75). The most probable "modal" value of ? for these days is 0.52. The other catalogue (1162 days) consists of the background days with a modal value ~ 1.1 for the exponent ?. This analysis is extended to include water vapor content (WVC), surface wind speed (V), visibility (Vis) and the diurnal temperature range (DTR). Chree's method of superposed-epoch analysis is applied to these parameters in order to compare the variation in the daily averages during days with high AOT values with respect to background days. The high values of AOT during the 71 days are positively correlated with aerosol size, near-surface winds and poor visibility. This concludes that the aerosol particles during these days were mostly dust. The mean daily value of the DTR (? T) and visibility reduced significantly during these days. This reduction on DTR is a direct result of increasing the atmospheric opacity due to the presence of dust.

Sabbah, I.

2010-08-01

413

The neglected epidemic: road traffic accidents in a developing country, State of Qatar.  

PubMed

The objective of the study is to explore the pattern of road traffic accidents (RTA) and their causes in the State of Qatar. A total of 52,160 RTA, 1130 injuries and 85 fatalities were registered during the year 2000. The data on RTA, injuries and fatalities was obtained from the Traffic Department of the Ministry of Interior, Supreme Council for Planning and Ministry of Public Health. The major cause of traffic accidents in Qatar was careless driving (71%). Relatively there was a more rapid increase in the number of registered vehicles (155%), but accidents were only (61%) in 2000 compared to the year 1983. The majority of victims (53%) were in the age group (10-40) "the most productive class in Society". Forty-three per cent of the total drivers who died due to RTA were in the age group (10-19) who were unlicensed drivers. In 2000, deaths due to RTA were the third leading cause of death after the diseases of the circulatory system and cancer. In conclusion, it is possible to control the epidemic of road traffic injuries through strict policy interventions, mass media and a national traffic campaign to increase the use of seat belts. PMID:15814375

Bener, Abdulbari

2005-03-01

414

Relationship between employees’ beliefs regarding training benefits and employees’ organizational commitment in a petroleum company in the State of Qatar  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study examined the relationship between the beliefs of senior staff Qatari national employees regarding training benefits as measured by the benefits of employee training, and employees’ organizational commitment as measured by the three-component model of organizational commitment. This relationship was assessed through a quantitative associational research design. From the study site, Qatar Petroleum, a total of 283 responses were

Mohammed Asad Shareef Al-Emadi; Michael J. Marquardt

2007-01-01

415

Qatar-2: A K Dwarf Orbited by a Transiting Hot Jupiter and a More Massive Companion in an Outer Orbit  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report the discovery and initial characterization of Qatar-2b, a hot Jupiter transiting a V = 13.3 mag K dwarf in a circular orbit with a short period, P b = 1.34 days. The mass and radius of Qatar-2b are M P = 2.49 M J and R P = 1.14 R J, respectively. Radial-velocity monitoring of Qatar-2 over a span of 153 days revealed the presence of a second companion in an outer orbit. The Systemic Console yielded plausible orbits for the outer companion, with periods on the order of a year and a companion mass of at least several M J. Thus, Qatar-2 joins the short but growing list of systems with a transiting hot Jupiter and an outer companion with a much longer period. This system architecture is in sharp contrast to that found by Kepler for multi-transiting systems, which are dominated by objects smaller than Neptune, usually with tightly spaced orbits that must be nearly coplanar.

Bryan, Marta L.; Alsubai, Khalid A.; Latham, David W.; Parley, Neil R.; Collier Cameron, Andrew; Quinn, Samuel N.; Carter, Joshua A.; Fulton, Benjamin J.; Berlind, Perry; Brown, Warren R.; Buchhave, Lars A.; Calkins, Michael L.; Esquerdo, Gilbert A.; F?rész, Gábor; Gråe Jørgensen, Uffe; Horne, Keith D.; Stefanik, Robert P.; Street, Rachel A.; Torres, Guillermo; West, Richard G.; Dominik, Martin; Harpsøe, Kennet B. W.; Liebig, Christine; Calchi Novati, Sebastiano; Ricci, Davide; Skottfelt, Jesper F.

2012-05-01

416

English Teaching Profiles from the British Council: Burma, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Ethiopia, Ghana, India, Lesotho, New Zealand, Pakistan, Qatar, Malaysia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of English and the status of English language instruction is reported for Burma, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Ethiopia, Ghana, India, Lesotho, New Zealand, Pakistan, Qatar, and Malaysia. The profile for each country contains a summary of English instruction within and outside of the educational system, teacher supply and qualifications,…

British Council, London (England). English Language and Literature Div.

417

QATAR-2: A K DWARF ORBITED BY A TRANSITING HOT JUPITER AND A MORE MASSIVE COMPANION IN AN OUTER ORBIT  

SciTech Connect

We report the discovery and initial characterization of Qatar-2b, a hot Jupiter transiting a V = 13.3 mag K dwarf in a circular orbit with a short period, P{sub b} = 1.34 days. The mass and radius of Qatar-2b are M{sub P} = 2.49 M{sub J} and R{sub P} = 1.14 R{sub J}, respectively. Radial-velocity monitoring of Qatar-2 over a span of 153 days revealed the presence of a second companion in an outer orbit. The Systemic Console yielded plausible orbits for the outer companion, with periods on the order of a year and a companion mass of at least several M{sub J}. Thus, Qatar-2 joins the short but growing list of systems with a transiting hot Jupiter and an outer companion with a much longer period. This system architecture is in sharp contrast to that found by Kepler for multi-transiting systems, which are dominated by objects smaller than Neptune, usually with tightly spaced orbits that must be nearly coplanar.

Bryan, Marta L. [Department of Astronomy, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Alsubai, Khalid A. [Qatar Foundation, P.O. Box 5825, Doha (Qatar); Latham, David W.; Quinn, Samuel N.; Carter, Joshua A.; Berlind, Perry; Brown, Warren R.; Calkins, Michael L.; Esquerdo, Gilbert A.; Furesz, Gabor; Stefanik, Robert P.; Torres, Guillermo [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Parley, Neil R.; Collier Cameron, Andrew; Horne, Keith D. [SUPA, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of St Andrews, North Haugh, St Andrews, Fife KY16 9SS (United Kingdom); Fulton, Benjamin J.; Street, Rachel A. [Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network, 6740 Cortona Drive, Suite 102, Goleta, CA 93117 (United States); Buchhave, Lars A.; Jorgensen, Uffe Grae [Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Juliane Maries vej 30, 2100 Copenhagen (Denmark); West, Richard G. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 7RH (United Kingdom); and others

2012-05-01

418

Medical education and research environment in Qatar: a new epoch for translational research in the Middle East  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent advances in medical technology and key discoveries in biomedical research have the potential to improve human health in an unprecedented fashion. As a result, many of the Arab Gulf countries, particularly Qatar are devoting increasing resources toward establishing centers of excellence in biomedical research. However, there are challenges that must be overcome. The low profile of private medical institutions

Lotfi Chouchane; Ravinder Mamtani; Mohammed H Al-Thani; Al-Anoud M Al-Thani; Marco Ameduri; Javaid I Sheikh

2011-01-01

419

Developing Intercultural Competence in Future Student Affairs Professionals through a Graduate Student Global Study Course to Doha, Qatar  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a 2-week global study course to Doha, Qatar for graduate students in the higher education leadership and student affairs program at the University of San Diego. The course sought to develop intercultural competence with a specific focus on understanding Qatari and Middle Eastern perspectives and culture, understanding the…

Haber, Paige; Getz, Cheryl

2011-01-01

420

Lessons from the Field: Developing and Implementing the Qatar Student Assessment System, 2002-2006. Technical Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Qatar has recently positioned itself to be a leader in education. Central to the country's efforts is the implementation of reforms to its K-12 education system. Central to the reform initiatives was the development of internationally benchmarked curriculum standards in four subjects: Arabic, English as a foreign language, mathematics, and…

Gonzalez, Gabriella; Le, Vi-Nhuan; Broer, Markus; Mariano, Louis T.; Froemel, J. Enrique; Goldman, Charles A.; DaVanzo, Julie

2009-01-01

421

Socioeconomic associations of improved maternal, neonatal, and perinatal survival in Qatar.  

PubMed

This retrospective study analyzed the temporal association between socioeconomic development indices and improved maternal, neonatal, and perinatal survival in the State of Qatar over a period of 35 years (1974-2008). We explored the association between reduction in poverty, improvement in maternal education, and perinatal health care on the one hand, and increased maternal, neonatal, and perinatal survival on the other hand. Yearly mortality data was ascertained from the perinatal and neonatal mortality registers of the Women's Hospital and the national database in the Department of Preventive Medicine at Hamad Medical Corporation in Doha. A total of 323,014 births were recorded during the study period. During these 35 years, there was a remarkable decline (P < 0.001) in Qatar's neonatal mortality rate from 26.27/1000 in 1974 to 4.4/1000 in 2008 and in the perinatal mortality rate from 44.4/1000 in 1974 to 10.58/1000 in 2008. Qatar's maternal mortality rate remained zero during 1993, 1995, and then in 1998-2000. The maternal mortality rate was 11.6/100,000 in 2008. For the rest of the years it has been approximately 10/100,000. Across the study period, the reduction in poverty, increase in maternal education, and improved perinatal health care were temporally associated with a significant improvement in maternal, neonatal, and perinatal survival. The total annual births increased five-fold during the study period, with no negative impact on survival rates. Neonatal mortality rates in Qatar have reached a plateau since 2005. We also conducted a substudy to assess the association between improvements in survival rates in relation to health care investment. For this purpose, we divided the study period into two eras, ie, era A (1974-1993) during which major health care investment was in community-based, low-cost interventions, and era B (1994-2008) during which the major health care investment was in high-technology institutional interventions. Although from 1974-1993 (era A) the per capita health expenditure increased by only 19% as compared with a 137% increase in 1994-2008 (era B). The decline in neonatal and perinatal mortality rates was three times steeper during era A than in era B. The decline in neonatal and perinatal mortality rates was also significant (P < 0.001) when analyzed separately for era A and era B. We concluded that across the 35-year period covered by our study, the reduction in poverty, increased maternal education, and improved perinatal health care were temporally associated with improved maternal, neonatal, and perinatal survival in the State of Qatar. From the subanalysis of era A and era B, we concluded that low-cost, community-based interventions, on the background of socioeconomic development, have a stronger impact on maternal, neonatal, and perinatal survival as compared with high-cost institutional interventions. PMID:21151678

Rahman, Sajjad; Salameh, Khalil; Bener, Abdulbari; El Ansari, Walid

2010-01-01

422

Temporal and Spatial Assessment of Yearly Solar Maps Derived from Satellite Images over the UAE and Qatar  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The unique climate of countries located within the Arabian Peninsula, characterized by high dust concentrations, high humidity and modest cloud coverage, requires regional models to retrieve the solar irradiance components from satellite images. An artificial neural network (ANN) model has shown promising results in estimating the direct normal, diffuse horizontal and global horizontal irradiances using thermal satellite channels over the United Arab Emirates (UAE). This model is trained with six thermal channels of the SEVIRI instrument, onboard Meteosat Second Generation, along with the solar zenith angle, day number, solar time and eccentricity correction. The outputs of this model are the solar irradiance components at 15-min temporal and 3-km spatial resolutions, which are then utilized to derive the daily, monthly and yearly irradiation maps over the UAE and Qatar. The purpose of this research is to examine the temporal and spatial variations for annual irradiation maps over the UAE and Qatar, derived using the ANN approach. For the period ranging from 2008 to 2010, the year of 2009 shows the lowest annual direct normal and global horizontal irradiation, and the highest diffuse horizontal irradiation. That is due to frequent dust events which occurred during 2009. The annual direct normal irradiation maps for 2008 to 2010 show the same trend, with the higher irradiation values in the southern area of UAE and the values decreasing as the coast approaches in the northern region. For any given year, Qatar generally shows lower direct normal irradiation values than the UAE. This might be explained by higher humidity in Qatar due to its coastal climate. As for the annual diffuse horizontal irradiation maps, the lower irradiation values are observed in the southern area of UAE and along some coastal regions, with the higher values being in the middle. Qatar shows higher values in the western region, due to the increased airborne dust coming from Saudi Arabia, as opposed to the eastern coast which is along the Arabian Gulf. The annual global horizontal irradiation maps show less spatial variations. For the UAE the values consistently increase from north to south, while for Qatar lower values are observed along the eastern coast and the higher values are in the inland and southern locations. The direct normal irradiation map over the UAE and Qatar for the year 2010, which had values greater than 2008 and 2009.

Eissa, Y.; Marpu, P. R.; Ghedira, H.; Chiesa, M.

2012-12-01

423

OmanDB: The Role of Water in Axial Lavas And Dykes From The Oman Ophiolite And Geochemical Segmentation Of The Palaeo-Spreading Ridge  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The ~500km-long Semail nappe of the Sultanate of Oman and United Arab Emirates is the largest and best-preserved ophiolite complex known. It is generally accepted that it formed at a fast-spreading ridge in NeoTethys in the Late Cretaceous and was obducted immediately afterwards. It has a 'MORB-like' sheeted dyke complex and associated 'Geotimes' extrusive sequence, overlain by two further suites of lavas derived by the hydrous melting of variably depleted mantle sources: the 'Lasail' and 'Alley' units. However, there is a lack of consensus as to the geodynamic setting of the Oman spreading ridge: opinions vary as to whether it formed: [1] entirely in a marginal basin above a long-lived, pre-existing subduction zone; [2] entirely by a short-lived 'infant arc' spreading episode immediately following the initiation of intraoceanic subduction; [3] at an open-ocean spreading centre that was subsequently over-thrusted; or [4] entirely in an open-ocean mid-ocean ridge setting. The nature of the Geotimes lavas and sheeted dykes is key to distinguishing the above models. We have compiled a geochemical database - 'OmanDB' - of more than 1100 dyke and lava analyses from the length and breadth of the ophiolite, including more than 200 new analyses of our own. We interrogate this database to address the controversy over the geodynamic setting of the ophiolite. We show that Geotimes lavas and sheeted dykes differ subtly but significantly from N-MORB across the entire ophiolite. Relative to MORB they show more rapid depletion of Cr and increase of SiO2 during fractional crystallisation, and saturate in oxides at much lower TiO2 contents. These differences indicate an enhanced role of cpx and suppression of plag during fractionation of the Geotimes, consistent with a primary water content significantly higher than that of an open-ocean MOR source. This is supported by consistently elevated Th/Nb ratios. These characteristics can be reconciled only with models in which both the initial seafloor spreading phase of the Oman ophiolite as well as subsequent magmatism took place above a pre-existing or nascent subduction system, i.e. [1] and [2] above. We use the OmanDB data further to investigate along-strike variability in the Geotimes sheeted dykes and lavas. Compositional variations correlate well with the ridge axial segmentation pattern established by field studies. Major discontinuities spaced 50-100km apart along-axis are characterised by cross-cutting sheeted dykes and tectonic complexities that have been interpreted as propagating rifts. We find many of the older sheeted dykes and lavas in these regions to be abnormally fractionated, consistent with enhanced cooling at the retreating rift tip; in contrast, individual cross-cutting dykes from the younger propagating rift tips are typically very primitive. Several further smaller-scale peaks in the proportion of highly-fractionated lavas and dykes are also present along axis on a 10-20km scale, and probably correspond to lower-order segmentation of the Oman palaeo-spreading ridge. This shows that ridge axial segmentation of fast-spreading supra-subduction systems occurs in a similar manner to modern open-ocean MOR.

Bibby, L. E.; MacLeod, C. J.; Lissenberg, J. C.

2011-12-01

424

1981 Kuwait Summer Students Training Program, Secondary Component. An Evaluation Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An eight-week summer science program was designed to create and encourage interest in science among outstanding secondary school students from different geographic areas of Kuwait. Opportunities were provided for students to: (1) engage in hands-on science activities; (2) work in laboratories in one of three research areas (chemistry;…

Halasa, Ofelia

425

Sustainable fresh water resources management in northern Kuwait---A remote sensing view from Raudatain basin  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper presents time and cost effective remote sensing technology to estimate recharge potential of fresh water shallow aquifers for their sustainable management of water resources in arid ecosystem. Precipitation measurement of Raudatain basin in Kuwait from TRMM data has been made and integrated with geological, geomorphological and hyrological data, to estimate the recharge potential of this basin. The total

Saif Ud Din; Ahmad Al Dousari; Abdul Nabi Al Ghadban

2007-01-01

426

Sustainable fresh water resources management in northern Kuwait—A remote sensing view from Raudatain basin  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper presents time and cost effective remote sensing technology to estimate recharge potential of fresh water shallow aquifers for their sustainable management of water resources in arid ecosystem. Precipitation measurement of Raudatain basin in Kuwait from TRMM data has been made and integrated with geological, geomorphological and hyrological data, to estimate the recharge potential of this basin. The total

Saif Ud Din; Ahmad Al Dousari; Abdul Nabi Al Ghadban

2007-01-01

427

Acquiring Information Technology Skills by Freshmen Students at Kuwait University: The Language Factor  

Microsoft Academic Search

The provision of academic courses for freshmen students aiming at improving their information technology skills is crucial due to the large number of students admitted every year. Kuwait University introduced a service course in information technology skills to freshman students in the College of Science to be taught in English, and a similar course to freshmen students in the College

Samir N. Hamade

2007-01-01

428

Analysis of information technology (IT) applications in academic libraries in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Library professionals today need to acquire knowledge and skills in information and communication technology as the services of more and more libraries are now centering on information technology (IT), especially in educational institutions. Application of IT in academic environment in Kuwait has increased gradually in the recent decades. This paper is designed to measure the use of IT

Veeramani Marimuthu; Vinayagamoorthy Paraman

2011-01-01

429

A Study in Kuwait of Health Risks Associated with Using Cell Phones  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous studies have suggested a link between cell phone use and various symptoms. Analysis of 3,274 completed questionnaires from throughout Kuwait show a significant effect of exposure to cell phones for burning sensation on the ear, temporal pain, pain in the back of the head, auricular pain, noises in the ear, ear numbness, heartbeat…

Al-Khamees, Nedaa

2007-01-01

430

Mangrove, Avicennia marina, Establishment and Growth under the Arid Climate of Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

The State of Kuwait is making concerted efforts to enhance greenery along its coastline. This study was conducted during 1999–2002 for identifying key soil factors associated with successful establishment and rapid growth in Avicennia marina. Based on the review of available data, repeated visits to potential sites, on-site assessment and laboratory characterization of soils, five sites (Shuwaikh, Sulaibikhat I, Sulaibikhat

N. R. BHAT; M. K. SULEIMAN; S. A. SHAHID

2004-01-01

431

Seasonal and spatial differences in the fish assemblage of the non-estuarine Sulaibikhat Bay, Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the period September 1986 to August 1987 fish were captured once a month, using an otter trawl, from the intertidal and subtidal regions of Sulaibikhat Bay, Kuwait. Correlation analysis revealed that numbers were not directly related to temperature at the time of sampling. The recruitment of large numbers of young of the year Liza carinata (Valenciennes) during March was

J. M. Wright

1988-01-01

432

A new snapping shrimp (Crustacea Decapoda, Alpheidae, Alpheus) from the estuarine mudflats of Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new snapping shrimp, Alpheus lutosus spec. nov., is described from the intertidal mudflats of Bubiyan Island, northern Kuwait, south of the vast Shatt-Al-Arab delta. The new species appears to be closely related to Alpheus hoplocheles Coutière, 1897 from similar estuarine habitats in China and Japan, differing mainly in the absence of a sharp distolateral tooth on the palm of

A. Anker; Grave De S

2009-01-01

433

Kuwait Architecture and Design: An Investigation of Factors Influencing Design Identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study focused on an unprecedented case when a sudden increase in wealth creates total transformation in a nation’s architectural development. The discovery of oil in Kuwait and the movement toward modernism led to the deconstruction of the design identity and the development of a collage of different design styles that are alien to the cultural, traditional and environmental characters

Talal H. Mahmeed

2007-01-01

434

Recycling building demolition waste in hot-mix asphalt concrete: a case study in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Building demolition waste constitutes a major component of municipal solid waste in Kuwait. Over 90% of this waste is currently land-filled, causing extreme pressure on the available land-fill sites. At the same time, the sources of natural aggregates are almost depleted, and there is an increasing demand because of the increased construction and maintenance activities. This article presents the results

Ahmad H. Aljassar; Khalifa Bader Al-Fadala; Mohammed A. Ali

2005-01-01

435

LIS Students' ICT Skills in Kuwait: Perspectives of Employers, Teaching Staff and Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Kuwait and elsewhere, developments in electronic information resources have led to the demand for employees with ICT (information and communication technology) skills especially in information handling institutions. There is, therefore, a need to prepare the students for this workplace. As a result, the ICT skills of current LIS (library and…

Buarki, Hanadi; Hepworth, Mark; Murray, Ian

2011-01-01

436

Antibacterial resistance and their genetic location in MRSA isolated in Kuwait hospitals, 1994-2004  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) continues to be a major cause of serious infections in hospitals and in the community worldwide. In this study, MRSA isolated from patients in Kuwait hospitals were analyzed for resistance trends and the genetic location of their resistance determinants. METHODS: Between April 1994 and December 2004, 5644 MRSA isolates obtained from different clinical samples were

Edet E Udo; Noura Al-Sweih; Eiman Mokaddas; Molly Johny; Rita Dhar; Huda H Gomaa; Inaam Al-Obaid; Vincent O Rotimi

2006-01-01

437

Teachers' Perceptions toward the Secondary Physical Education Program in the State of Kuwait  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research was to determine the perceptions of physical education teachers and supervisors toward the secondary physical education program in eight domains in the State of Kuwait. Stratified and cluster sampling were used to select two schools of female teachers and two schools of male teachers from each district (6 districts);…

Al-Kandari, Khaled A.

2011-01-01

438

Pattern of antibiotic prescription in the management of oral diseases among dentists in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. The use and abuse of antibiotics have been of concern to the medical and the dental profession for sometime now, due mainly to the emergence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. The objective of this project was to determine the rationale and the pattern of antibiotic prescription for dental management in Kuwait.Methods. A questionnaire was distributed to 200 dental practitioners working in

N. O Salako; V. O Rotimi; S. M Adib; S Al-Mutawa

2004-01-01

439

The Attitudes, Knowledge and Beliefs of Arab Parents in Kuwait about Stuttering  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An Arabic version of the Public Opinion Survey of Human Attributes Inventory [POSHA-E; St Louis, K. O. (2005), a global instrument to measure public attitudes about stuttering. ("The ASHA Leader," 22, 2-13)] was administered to 424 Arab parents of preschool and school age children in 18 government schools across all six governorates in Kuwait. The…

Al-Khaledi, Maram; Lincoln, Michelle; McCabe, Patricia; Packman, Ann; Alshatti, Tariq

2009-01-01

440

Predictors of non-urgent utilization of hospital emergency services in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Utilization of the emergency rooms (ERs) in Kuwait has increased considerably during the last decade. Such an increase is a concern for health planners because of the burden on ER services, lack of continuous service provided by the ER and the higher cost of such services. Based on a study of 2011 patients attending the medical ERs in the six

Nasra M. Shah; Makhdoom A. Shah; Behbehani Jaafar

1996-01-01

441

Sedimentological and morphological characteristics of some nabkha deposits in the northern coastal plain of Kuwait, Arabia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nabkhas in the sabkha flat of the northern coastal plain of Kuwait are generallylocated in areas slightly higher than the evaporitic sabkha pans, and facing the alluvium fans descending from the bordering cliffs and slopes. They are developed by the deposition of wind-driven sediments around Nitraria retusa shrubs. The nabkhas vary in shape and size. However, they mostly have an

F. I. Khalaf; R. Misak; A. Al-Dousari

1995-01-01

442

Predictors of breastfeeding duration among women in Kuwait: results of a prospective cohort study.  

PubMed

The purposes of this paper are to report the prevalence of breastfeeding to six months among women in Kuwait and to determine the factors that are associated with the duration of breastfeeding. A cohort of 373 women recruited from maternity wards in four hospitals in Kuwait city were followed from birth to 26 weeks postpartum. The association of any and full breastfeeding duration and predictor variables were explored using multivariate Cox's proportional hazards models. At six months, 39% of all infants were receiving some breast milk and only 2% of infants had been fully breastfed to 26 weeks. Women born in other Arab countries were less likely to discontinue breastfeeding than women born in Kuwait. Other factors positively associated with breastfeeding duration were level of maternal education, higher parity, infant being demand fed in hospital and a preference for breastfeeding on the part of the infant's father and maternal grandmother. The introduction of a pacifier before four weeks of age and the mother intending to return to work by six months were negatively associated with duration. These findings present a number of opportunities for prolonging breastfeeding duration in Kuwait. PMID:24561360

Dashti, Manal; Scott, Jane A; Edwards, Christine A; Al-Sughayer, Mona

2014-01-01

443

Comparing nurses' and patients' pain evaluations: A study of hospitalized patients in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

All eligible patients hospitalized on the general medical, surgical and pediatric wards of a distinct hospital in Kuwait during the first 2 weeks of April 1990 (N = 199) were interviewed about their pain and the medical care provided. Patients rated their current pain using a 0-10 visual analogue scale (VAS) on which 0 was labelled 'no pain' and 10

Ann Harrison

1993-01-01

444

Description of outdoor air quality in a typical residential area in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a statistical analysis of the data collected by the air pollution mobile laboratory operated by Kuwait University. The experimental work was based on operating the mobile laboratory in the Mansouriya residential area for a period of 1 month (May 1994). The site was selected to represent a typical residential area which is impacted mainly by the heavy

W. S Bouhamra; S. A Abdul-Wahab

1999-01-01

445

Climate response to smoke from the burning oil wells in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

The response of the global climate system to smoke from burning oil wells in Kuwait is investigated in a series of numerical experiments using a coupled atmosphere-ocean general circulation model with an interactive soot transport model and extended radiation scheme. The results show a decrease in surface air temperature of ~4 °C in the Gulf region. Outside this region the

S. Bakan; A. Chlond; U. Cubasch; J. Feichter; H. Graf; H. Grassl; K. Hasselmann; I. Kirchner; M. Latif; E. Roeckner; R. Sausen; U. Schlese; D. Schriever; I. Schult; U. Schumann; F. Sielmann; W. Welke

1991-01-01

446

NNSA Signs Memorandum with Kuwait to Increase Cooperation on Nuclear Safeguards and Nonproliferation  

SciTech Connect

On June 23, 2010, the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) signed a Memorandum of Cooperation on nuclear safeguards and other nonproliferation topics with the Kuwait National Nuclear Energy Committee (KNNEC). NNSA Administrator Thomas D'Agostino and KNNEC's Secretary General, Dr. Ahmad Bishara, signed the memorandum at a ceremony at U.S. Department of Energy headquarters in Washington.

Thomas D'Agostino

2010-06-23

447

Vocational Education and Training in Kuwait: Vocational Education versus Values and Viewpoints  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the opening up of private universities and colleges in the Kuwait education system in the late 1990s, there has been an explosion of tertiary institutions (both domestic and international) established in the country, with many of them offering vocational education and training. The move towards vocational and educational training forms part…

Bilboe, Wendy

2011-01-01

448

After Desert Storm. The U.S. Army and the Reconstruction of Kuwait.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The effort to rebuild Kuwait was unique, complex, and challenging. The reconstruction was rooted in various authorities and paid for from various pots of money. Both the funding and the work itself were diffuse and diverse in unprecedented ways. My goal w...

J. A. McDonnell

1999-01-01

449

Enhancing Services for Students with Mild Disabilities in the Middle East Gulf Region: A Kuwait Initiative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At a conference, titled: "Childhood Disabilities: Assessment and Early Intervention" held between March 20-22, 2006, at Kuwait University, a range of discussion topics were considered that would enhance and design specific best practices in special education for the Middle East Arab Gulf region. Governmental representatives, post-secondary…

Al-Hilawani, Yasser A.; Koch, Kourtland R.; Braaten, Sheldon R.

2008-01-01

450

Implementation of Cooperative Learning in the Center for Community Service and Continuing Education at Kuwait University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to review the success of implementation of cooperative learning in various courses delivered at the Center for Community Service and Continuing Education at Kuwait University. According to recent research in the field of social cognition, learning situations which make use of the social context often achieve superior…

Alansari, Eissa M.

2006-01-01

451

Mastering Leadership Concepts through Utilizing Critical Thinking Strategies within Educational Administration Courses at Kuwait University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study aims at exploring the students' perceptions of mastering leadership concepts and critical thinking strategies implemented by faculty members in the college of education at Kuwait University, and the impact of the later on former. The data was collected using a questionnaire on a sample consisting of 411 students representing…

Alqahtani, Abdulmuhsen Ayedh; Al-Enezi, Mutlaq M.

2012-01-01

452

New Private Universities in Kuwait Pin Their Hopes on U.S. Partners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When Kuwait lifted a ban on private higher education less than a decade ago, it decided that the best way to ensure the development of academically sound universities was to require all new institutions to have foreign partners. That policy has helped the country rapidly build a credible private higher-education system where none existed before.…

Mills, Andrew

2009-01-01

453

Extent of Parental Involvement in Improving the Students' Levels in Special Education Programs in Kuwait  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research study investigates the degree to which parental involvement impacts students' levels in special education programs in Kuwait. More specifically, this research discusses several scientific methods for research included within the significance of the study and research questions for this study. Research methods and results using a…

Al-Shammari, Zaid; Yawkey, Thomas D.

2008-01-01

454

Humanistic Qualities of the Teacher as Perceived by Undergraduate Students in Bahrain and Kuwait  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of this study was to identify the main qualities of the teacher as a person as perceived by university students in Bahrain and Kuwait. A 25-item questionnaire, which reflected the basic humanistic qualities of the teacher as related to effective teaching, was designed and then administered to a random sample of 520 students enrolled…

Al-Musawi, Nu'man; Karam, Ebraheem M.

2011-01-01

455

IMPROVING ENGINEERING EDUCATION AT KUWAIT UNIVERSITY THROUGH CONTINUOUS ASSESSMENT PART 1: ESTABLISHING THE PROCESS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The initial stages of development and implementation of assessment plans for the engineering programs at Kuwait University are presented. The plans are based upon an integrated set of strategies aimed at: establishing and maintaining a structured process that translates educational objectives into measurable outcomes, and specifies feedback channels for corrective action; providing necessary assessment training; creating an assessment toolbox, and

Mohammad D. Al-Ansary; Andreas P. Christoforou; Ahmet S. Yigit; Aziz Tayfun; Adel A. Aly; Haitham Lababidi; Faridah Ali; Ibrahim S. Nashawi; Mohammad Zribi

456

Students Opinions and Attitudes towards Physical Education Classes in Kuwait Public Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of study was to investigate student opinion and attitude toward physical education classes. Two thousand seven hundred (2700) students answered the survey: 1239 (45.3%) were male students and 1497 (54.7%) were female from Kuwait six districts: Al_Hawalli, Al_Asimah, Al_Jahra, Al_Mobarak, Al_Farwniah, Al_Ahmadi. Weight Status was determined…

Mohammed, Heyam Reda; Mohammad, Mona Ahmad

2012-01-01

457

Assessment of Kuwait's Al-Qurain Landfill Using Remotely Sensed Data  

Microsoft Academic Search

Kuwait's Al-Qurain landfill problem resulted from indiscriminate dumping of domestic and industrial waste in an abandoned quarry in the late 1970s and early 1980s. The landfill and surrounding areas were set aside for a government housing project without an environmental assessment of the impact of the landfill on the project. Inhabitants of the newly constructed housing area experienced persistent foul

A. Y. Kwarteng; A. Al-Enezi

2004-01-01

458

The outcome of the Ahmad Glaucoma Valve implantation for refractory glaucoma in Kuwait  

PubMed Central

Aim To assess the outcomes and incidence of postoperative complications of Ahmad Glaucoma Valve implant in eyes with complicated glaucoma performed in Kuwait. Method This is a retrospective study done at the Al-Bahar Eye Center in Kuwait. Charts of all patients who underwent Ahmad Glaucoma Valve implant at the Al-Bahar Ophthalmic Center in Kuwait between 2006 and 2009 were reviewed. Surgical success was defined as intraocular pressure less than 22 mmHg and greater than 5 mmHg without additional glaucoma surgery and without loss of light perception. Results A total of 33 eyes from 30 patients with complicated glaucoma not responsive to conventional medical and non-implant surgical treatment received Ahmad Glaucoma Valve implant. The success rate was 79% (26 cases). 20/26 (77%) cases of them required antiglaucoma medications. The most common complication was encapsulated bleb (27%) and transient postoperative hypotony was found in 19% of the cases. Conclusion Ahmad Glaucoma Valve implant appears to be effective and relatively safe for complicated glaucoma in Kuwait. The success rate is comparable with those reported in other studies.

Aljazzaf, Adel M.; Abdelmoaty, Sidky M.A.; Behbehani, Abdelmutalib H.; Abdulmuez, Ahmad A.; Aljazzaf, Hadeel A.

2012-01-01

459

Heterogeneous chemistry in the smoke plume from the 1991 Kuwait oil fires  

Microsoft Academic Search

During late spring of 1991, airborne measurements in the smoke plume from the Kuwait oil fires indicated that SO2 was removed from the gas phase at rates of ~6 to 8% h-1 and that NOx was removed at rates of ~7 to 23% h-1. Photochemical calculations indicate that homogeneous chemical reactions were responsible for only a small fraction of this

John A. Herring; Ronald J. Ferek; Peter V. Hobbs

1996-01-01

460

Radiative Properties, Dynamics, and Chemical Evolution of the Smoke from the 1991 Kuwait Oil Fires  

Microsoft Academic Search

The oil fields in Kuwait were the scene of a massive conflagration during much of 1991 that was started by Iraqi forces during the Gulf War. At this time, approximately 4 to 5 million barrels of oil were burning each day. The climatic impacts of the fires were limited by the fact that the smoke was generally confined to the

John Allan Herring

1994-01-01

461

The Impact of Private Sector Competition on Public Schooling in Kuwait: Some Socio-Educational Implications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the diminishing model of the welfare state, public education in Kuwait is facing the challenges of the competition of private schools, while the private sector has always struggled against the monopolistic power of the public schools that educate a broad spectrum of K-12 students. This article presents estimates of the effect of private…

Al-Shehab, Ali Jasem

2010-01-01

462

An analysis of trends related to hospital solid wastes management in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to determine the amount of different kinds of solid wastes produced, segregated, collected, stored, transported and disposed off in the governmental hospitals of Kuwait. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The research in this paper shows that all governmental hospitals were assessed in a period of six months (September, 2005 through December, 2005 and June, 2006

Jasem M. Alhumoud; Hani M. Alhumoud

2007-01-01

463

Evaluation of Student-Teachers' Performance in TEFL Practicum at Kuwait University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study investigated the process used in evaluating student teachers of English as a foreign language (TEFL) during the practicum period, in an effort to assess and improve the supervision process. Subjects were 34 student teachers from Kuwait University practice-teaching in intermediate and secondary schools. The students' evaluation was…

Al-Mutawa, Najat; Al-Dabbous, Jawahir

464

NNSA Signs Memorandum with Kuwait to Increase Cooperation on Nuclear Safeguards and Nonproliferation  

ScienceCinema

On June 23, 2010, the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) signed a Memorandum of Cooperation on nuclear safeguards and other nonproliferation topics with the Kuwait National Nuclear Energy Committee (KNNEC). NNSA Administrator Thomas D'Agostino and KNNEC's Secretary General, Dr. Ahmad Bishara, signed the memorandum at a ceremony at U.S. Department of Energy headquarters in Washington.

Thomas D'Agostino

2010-09-01

465

Investigation of tubing failure of superheater boiler from Kuwait Desalination Electrical Power Plant  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the results of an investigation into the failure of steel tubes in a super heater boiler used at one of Kuwait Electrical and Power plant. The material of the tubes has suffered localized overheating, probably as a result of local heat flux impingement phenomenon, caused by gas or oil burners. This phenomenon gave rise to a rapid

A. Husain; K. Habib

2005-01-01

466

Expected scenarios of environmental threats in Iraq compared with Kuwait's case  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to review the literature about the environment as one of the victims of war throughout the history of mankind. Kuwait's environment, as a victim of the scorched-earth tactic carried out by the retreating Iraqi forces in 1991, is also reviewed. The probable scenarios of an environmental threat in Iraq as a result

Ali Mohamed Al-Damkhi

2007-01-01

467

Using a multiple-attribute approach for measuring customer satisfaction with retail banking services in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to attempt to identify the most salient attributes that influence customer satisfaction with retail banks in Kuwait and to determine the level of the overall satisfaction of the customers of these banks. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A multiple-attribute approach proposed by Shin and Elliott in 2001 was employed. This approach was applied in the

Abdulkarim S. Al-Eisa; Abdulla M. Alhemoud

2009-01-01

468

Concerns and considerations among caregivers of a child with autism in Qatar  

PubMed Central

Background Autism impacts the lives of the family looking after a child with the condition in different ways, and forces family members to modify their daily lives to suit their reality. To our knowledge, no previous research investigated concern and considerations of parents/caregivers of children with autism in Qatar or the Arabic speaking Middle Eastern region. Methods Caregivers of a child who was between the age of 3 to17 years old at the time of the study and who was diagnosed with ASD (Autistic Group or AG) were recruited from the two main developmental pediatric and children rehabilitation clinics in Qatar. The control group (non-autism group, or NAG) was represented by caregivers of a non-autistic child between the age of 3 to 17 years old at the time of the study and who were visiting a family clinic of a primary health care facility for routine medical check-up. Data collected from both groups included related to the child (e.g. the child’s date of birth, his/her relation to the caregiver, number of siblings, number of hours of sleep in a day, number of hours spent watching television or videos prior to age 3, time spent indoors prior to age 3, absenteeism from school, and use of a nanny to care for the child) and to the caregiver (education level, profession, level of consanguinity using the phylogram method). In addition to these questions, caregivers in the AG were asked specific questions around maternal concern and considerations in respect to the future of their children and the specialized services they receive. Results Children in the autism group spent more time indoors, watching television, or sleeping than children in the non-autism group. Only around 40% of caregivers in the autism group said they would encourage their child to get married and become a parent when s/he grows up. A number of caregivers of children with autism frequently utilize specialized rehabilitation services; others did express their needs for these services and made comments about having to wait a long time before they were provided with some of the services. Religious faith helped caregivers in accepting having a child with autism. General health-related quality of life did not differ significantly between the caregivers of the two groups, although mental health was consistently poorer in the autism group of caregivers. Conclusions The study draws attention to the concerns of the families of children with autism and their expectations about the future of their children. The findings can be used by policy makers in planning services to support these families in Qatar.

2012-01-01

469

2014 oman heart association protocol for the management of acute atrial fibrillation.  

PubMed

Although atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia, there is variation in practice with regard to the management of acute AF among the hospitals and even within the same hospital in Oman. This variation likely reflects a lack of high-quality evidence. Standard guidelines and textbooks do not offer clear evidence-based direction for physicians to guide the management of acute AF. Particularly controversial is the issue of using rhythm control or rate control. This stimulated Oman Heart Association (OHA) to issue a simplified protocol for the management of acute AF to be applied by the entire cardiac caregivers all over the country. The priorities for acute management of AF include stabilizing the patient's hemodynamic status, symptom control, treatment of the underlying and precipitating cause, and more importantly protecting the brain. PMID:25062397

El-Deeb, Mohammed H; Sulaiman, Kadhim J; Al Riyami, Abdullah A; Al Rawahi, Najib; Al Riyami, Adil B; Al Mukhaini, Mohamed; Al Riyami, Mohamed B; Sallam, Mansour; Rahman, Said Abdul; Abbas, Hisham S; Hamad, Gamal S; Panduranga, Prashanth

2014-09-01

470

Brief report: Prevalence of autistic spectrum disorders in the Sultanate of Oman.  

PubMed

Prevalence of autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) in Oman is unknown. We conducted a cross-sectional study to estimate the prevalence of ASD among 0-14 year old children. Diagnoses were made as per DSM-IV-TR criteria and supplemented with information collected with the standard Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS) questionnaire. A total 113 cases of ASD were enumerated nationwide, indicating an overall prevalence of 1.4 (95% CI 1.2, 1.7) cases per 10,000 children aged 0-14 years. More prevalent cases were among boys (75%) and among low-income families. Ritualistic interests were more common among girls as an onset-symptom compared to boys (p = 0.03). The reported low prevalence of ASD in Oman is likely due to under-diagnosis and under-reporting. PMID:20809376

Al-Farsi, Yahya M; Al-Sharbati, Marwan M; Al-Farsi, Omar A; Al-Shafaee, Mohammed S; Brooks, Daniel R; Waly, Mostafa I

2011-06-01

471

Petrology of Lasail plutonic complex, northern Oman ophiolite, Oman: An example of arc-like magmatism associated with ophiolite detachment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Lasail plutonic complex (4.7 × 3.8 km), as a typical example of late stage intrusive rocks, is located to the south of Wadi Jizi, and intrudes into the base of V1 volcanic rocks and sheeted dike complex. The Lasail plutonic complex consists of various rock types ranging from ultramafic cumulates to tonalite, and is associated with minor amounts of axis stage gabbro to quartz diorite. These rocks are classified into the following eleven rock types: massive gabbro 1, quartz diorite 1 (axis stage intrusive rocks), olivine websterite, olivine gabbronorite, gabbronorite, hornblende gabbronorite, leucogabbronorite (layered gabbros), massive gabbro 2, diorite, quartz diorite 2, and tonalite (late stage intrusive rocks). The layered gabbros are intruded by the massive gabbro 2, and often occur as large irregular blocks in the massive gabbro 2. The massive gabbro 2 intrudes into the layered gabbros, and sometimes grades into hornblende gabbronorite layer of the layered gabbros. In some places, anastomosing veins of the hornblende quartz gabbronorite injected into the gabbronorite, which continue to the layer of leucogabbronorite. These gabbroic rocks are intruded by small intrusions of diorite, quartz diorite 2, and tonalite. The quartz diorite 2 forms rather larger intrusive bodies that intrude into the gabbroic rocks in the higher level. The tonalite occurs as thin dike and sheet mainly in the layered gabbros. N-MORB normalized trace element patterns for the massive gabbro 2 are characterized by enrichment of LILEs relative to REEs, and resemble to 'subduction component' from the island arc tholeiite except a weak enrichment for middle to light REE and P. In contrast, the massive gabbro 1 (axis stage gabbro) shows rather flat pattern similar to MORB with no remarkable 'subduction component'. From the examination of Sr and Nd isotopic signature, the Lasail plutonic rocks are characterized by higher ?-Sr values than those of MORB. This suggests that the primitive magma of Lasail complex was influenced by the rocks with higher ?-Sr values than those of MORB, e.g., the axis stage rocks interacted with seawater. These lines of evidence suggests that the massive gabbro 2 was formed by the partial melting of residual MORB mantle which is contaminated with slab melt derived from the axis stage rocks interacted with seawater. In addition, petrogenesis of felsic rocks in the Lasail complex can be explained by the partial melting model of pre-existing layered gabbro. U-Pb zircon ages analyzed by LA-ICPMS are 100 ± 2 and 99 ± 2 Ma for late stage tonalite and 100 ± 1 Ma for axis stage quartz diorite. These ages are slightly older than the ages reported for felsic rocks in the Oman ophiolite (ca., 95 Ma), and suggest that the conversion from ridge stage to detachment stage took place rapidly.

Tsuchiya, Nobutaka; Shibata, Tomoyuki; Yoshikawa, Masako; Adachi, Yoshiko; Miyashita, Sumio; Adachi, Tatsurou; Nakano, Nobuhiko; Osanai, Yasuhito

2013-01-01

472

[The dynamics of manpower in Kuwait: a dilemma for a petroleum-exporting country].  

PubMed

The case of Kuwait illustrates that development as an economic phenomenon cannot be fully understood without reference to demographic determinants. Kuwait, like other Gulf oil-exporting states, is strongly dependent on foreign labor both qualitatively and quantitatively, but is attempting to nationalize the labor force and orient the national economy toward autonomous growth. 47% of Kuwait's population is under 15 years old, and the economic activity rate of only 19.4% is the lowest of any Arab country. Female participation increased from 2.5% in 1965 to 13.3% at present. 20 years ago, 70% of the labor force was Kuwaiti, but in 1980, 78% of workers were foreign although foreigners represented only 60% of the total population. Beginning in 1978, immigration was viewed much less favorably in Kuwait and the process of Kuwaitization, or replacing foreign workers with Kuwaiti nationals, was begun. An analysis of the labor force in terms of stocks and flows as well as of the structure of employment and productivity in the context of Kuwait's economic growth indicates that constraints in labor force growth will vary in intensity depending on the policies adopted; foreign workers could be admitted but not their family members, foreign workers could be replaced by nationals whenever possible, a higher labor force participation rate among nationals could be promoted, population growth could be encouraged, a more highly qualified native labor force could be trained, or a more capital intensive technology could be imported to reduce dependence on foreign workers. With a total fertility rate around 7.0, it is difficult to envision a significantly increased fertility level in Kuwait, and the fertility level in fact will probably decline under pressure of modernization. The crude death rate of 4.6/1000 in 1982 is also very low. Nationalization of the labor force implies a significant loss of productivity, since the government is maintaining a policy of providing jobs for all nationals regardless of their qualifications. Although development of Kuwaiti manpower is a longterm policy, the Kuwaitization of the labor force is erroneously viewed as a shortterm objective. Kuwaitis are underrepresented in technical jobs requiring university training in science and mathematics, and in skilled and semiskilled manual jobs. An educational reform permitting Kuwait to respond to future labor force needs will be required. Nonparticipation of women effectively reduces the economically active group by 1/2, and retirement at age 45 also aggravates labor shortages. Simulation exercises indicate that Kuwait must rely on foreign labor for many years to come. It appears that substitution of local for foreign workers will be at the price of lowered productivity and slower economic development. Naturalization of some foreign workers might help solve the problem, but for reasons of political stability almost no foreigners except unskilled Beduin Arabs receive Kuwaiti citizenship. PMID:12280379

Hosni, D; Sirageldin, I

1985-01-01

473

Catches of lost fish traps (ghost fishing) from fishing grounds near Muscat, Sultanate of Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

A field study was undertaken to quantify the catch rate of simulated lost fish traps at five traditional fishing grounds near Muscat and Mutrah, Sultanate of Oman. Twenty-five traps were set at depths between 16 and 36m during the period late November 2000 to mid-July 2001. Ghost fishing mortality was estimated at 1.34kg\\/trap per day, decreasing over time. An exponential

H. Al-Masroori; H. Al-Oufi; J. L. McIlwain; E. McLean

2004-01-01

474

Architecture of the Oman–UAE ophiolite: evidence for a multi-phase magmatic history  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Oman–United Arab Emirates ophiolite is the world’s largest ophiolite. It is divided into 12 separate fault-bounded blocks,\\u000a of which the northern three lie wholly or partly in the United Arab Emirates. Extensive mapping has shown that the United\\u000a Arab Emirates blocks contain mantle and crustal sections which correspond to the classic ‘Penrose conference’ ophiolite definition\\u000a but which are cut

K. M. Goodenough; M. T. Styles; D. Schofield; R. J. Thomas; Q. C. Crowley; R. M. Lilly; J. McKervey; D. Stephenson; J. N. Carney

2010-01-01

475

Control of sea-water intrusion by salt-water pumping: Coast of Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

A shallow alluvial coastal aquifer in the Batinah area of Oman, with sea-water intrusion that extends several kilometres inland,\\u000a has been studied experimentally, analytically and numerically. The water table is proved to have a trough caused by intensive\\u000a pumping from a fresh groundwater zone and evaporation from the saline phreatic surface. Resistivity traverses perpendicular\\u000a to the shoreline indicated no fresh

A. R. Kacimov; M. M. Sherif; J. S. Perret; A. Al-Mushikhi

2009-01-01

476

Holocene Records of Rainfall Variation and Associated ITCZ Migration from Stalagmites from Northern and Southern Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

Oxygen isotope (?18O) profiles of uranium-series-dated stalagmites from Oman provide a record of Holocene Indian Ocean monsoon intensity at sub-decadal\\u000a resolution over the past 10,000 years. The ?18O values are a proxy for the amount of monsoon precipitation, which is controlled by the mean summer latitudinal position\\u000a and convection intensity of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ). The longest stalagmite record,

Dominik Fleitmann; Stephen J. Burns; Ulrich Neff; Manfred Mudelsee; Augusto Mangini; Jan Kramers; Albert Matter

477

Brief Report: Prevalence of Autistic Spectrum Disorders in the Sultanate of Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prevalence of autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) in Oman is unknown. We conducted a cross-sectional study to estimate the prevalence\\u000a of ASD among 0–14 year old children. Diagnoses were made as per DSM-IV-TR criteria and supplemented with information collected\\u000a with the standard Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS) questionnaire. A total 113 cases of ASD were enumerated nationwide,\\u000a indicating an overall prevalence of

Yahya M. Al-Farsi; Marwan M. Al-Sharbati; Omar A. Al-Farsi; Mohammed S. Al-Shafaee; Daniel R. Brooks; Mostafa I. Waly

2011-01-01

478

Possible Sunspot Effects on Precipitation Totals over Northern Coasts of Persian Gulf and Oman Sea  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this study, the relationship between annual sunspot number (ASN) and annual precipitation totals (APT) has been investigated over the northern coasts of the Persian Gulf and Oman Sea by using two statistical methods: contingency tables and cross-correlation function. Only Bushehr and Jask stations (270 mm and 140 mm mean APT) have long term monthly precipitation records started instrumentally from 1878 and 1893 respectively and remade data until 2005. Results indicate negative significant cross-correlation coefficients between 3-year lagged ASN and APT over the coasts but with a slight effect. For obtaining reliable results, several contingency tables, more than 30 cases, have been executed with different categories and different lengths of categories but mostly focused on high, medium and low numbers for sunspot and wet, normal and dry years for precipitation. Almost in all cases of Jask (as a sample for Oman coasts), the Chi-square tests are significant at 5% level while there are minor cases for Bushehr (as a sample for Persian Gulf coasts). It indicates statistical relationships between lagged ASN and APT over Oman coasts while there is a problematic relationship over Persian Gulf coasts. The latter coasts are subjected to the external circulation currents such as Mediterranean westerlies that may filters sunspot effects. But Oman coasts, where elongated around 25 °N zone, rather belongs to subtropical high. The different synoptic climatology may be one of the reasons of the different obtaining results. Since the sunspot number is being reliably predicted, the future precipitation climatology may be emerged relatively.

Pishvaei, M. R.; Shirvani, A.; Kalim, D. M.

2009-04-01

479

Oman at the cross-roads of inter-regional exchange of cultivated plants  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the past years the Sultanate of Oman which is located at the south-eastern tip of the Arabian peninsula has been studied\\u000a for its cultivated plant genetic resources. Data from this study, that commenced in 2002 and information from the literature\\u000a have been combined to document the millenia-old cultivation history of many agri- and horticultural crop plants in this country

K. Hammer; J. Gebauer; S. Al Khanjari; A. Buerkert

2009-01-01

480

Holocene Forcing of the Indian Monsoon Recorded in a Stalagmite from Southern Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

A high-resolution oxygen-isotope record from a thorium-uranium-dated stalagmite from southern Oman reflects variations in the amount of monsoon precipitation for the periods from 10.3 to 2.7 and 1.4 to 0.4 thousand years before the present (ky B.P.). Between 10.3 and 8 ky B.P., decadal to centennial variations in monsoon precipitation are in phase with temperature fluctuations recorded in Greenland ice

Dominik Fleitmann; Stephen J. Burns; Manfred Mudelsee; Ulrich Neff; Jan Kramers; Augusto Mangini; Albert Matter

2003-01-01