Sample records for lactobacillus coryniformis cect5711

  1. A probiotic dairy product containing L. gasseri CECT5714 and L. coryniformis CECT5711 induces immunological changes in children suffering from allergy.

    PubMed

    Martínez-Cañavate, Ana; Sierra, Saleta; Lara-Villoslada, Federico; Romero, Julio; Maldonado, José; Boza, Julio; Xaus, Jordi; Olivares, Mónica

    2009-09-01

    The increase in the prevalence of allergic diseases in children has been attributed to an unbalanced immune response probably due to environmental factors. The immunoregulatory properties of probiotic bacteria could balance the disequilibrium in the immune response causing the allergic response. The aim of this study was to evaluate the immunological effects of the consumption of a dairy product containing two probiotic strains in children suffering from allergy. A double-blinded, randomized, control comparative study was performed with 44 allergic children. Children were randomly distributed in two groups, a control Yogurt and a Probiotic group. Both groups daily consumed 200 ml of a dairy fermented product for 3 months. The Yogurt group consumed a conventional yogurt, whereas the Probiotic group consumed a similar dairy product where Lactobacillus bulgaricus was substituted by a mixture of Lactobacillus gasseri CECT5714 and Lactobacillus coryniformis CECT5711 (at least 10(6) cfu/g each strain). Intestinal and immunological parameters were measured in fecal and blood samples. The consumption of the probiotic product induced a significant decrease in the level of IgE in plasma (p = 0.03) and an increase in CD4(+)/CD25(+) T regulatory cells (p = 0.01). The decrease in IgE was accompanied by a significant increase in mucosal IgA (p = 0.01). However, changes in other effector cells potentially involved in allergic reactions such as eosinophiles, basophiles or other IgE+ cells were not detected. The consumption of the probiotic product also induced significant changes in innate response as a significant increase in natural killer cells was detected (p = 0.03). The daily consumption of a probiotic product containing L. gasseri CECT5714 and L. coryniformis CECT5711 for 3 months induces, in allergic children, beneficial effects on immune parameters involved in the allergic response such as a reduction of IgE in plasma and an increase in regulatory T cells. The probiotic product also enhanced innate and specific immune parameters that may improve the general health status of children. PMID:19594864

  2. Oral administration of two probiotic strains, Lactobacillus gasseri CECT5714 and Lactobacillus coryniformis CECT5711, enhances the intestinal function of healthy adults

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mónica Olivares; M Díaz-Ropero; Nuria Gómez; Federico Lara-Villoslada; Saleta Sierra; Juan Antonio Maldonado; Rocío Martín; Eduardo López-Huertas; Juan Miguel Rodríguez; Jordi Xaus

    2006-01-01

    Modifications in gastrointestinal parameters, intestinal colonization and tolerance are some of the main goals claimed for probiotics. However, although healthy people are the common target for these new functional food products, the number of clinical trials analysing the effects of probiotics in gastrointestinal parameters of healthy subjects is very scarce. A randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled human clinical trial involving 30

  3. Impact of fermentation pH and temperature on freeze-drying survival and membrane lipid composition of Lactobacillus coryniformis Si3

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Åsa Schoug; Janett Fischer; Hermann J. Heipieper; Johan Schnürer; Sebastian Håkansson

    2008-01-01

    During the industrial stabilization process, lactic acid bacteria are subjected to several stressful conditions. Tolerance\\u000a to dehydration differs among lactic acid bacteria and the determining factors remain largely unknown. Lactobacillus coryniformis Si3 prevents spoilage by mold due to production of acids and specific antifungal compounds. This strain could be added as\\u000a a biopreservative in feed systems, e.g. silage. We studied

  4. Characterization of Lactobacillus coryniformis DSM 20001T Surface Protein Cpf Mediating Coaggregation with and Aggregation among Pathogens

    PubMed Central

    Schachtsiek, Martina; Hammes, Walter P.; Hertel, Christian

    2004-01-01

    Phenotypic characterization of aggregation phenotypes of Lactobacillus coryniformis revealed that strain DSM 20001T coaggregated with Escherichia coli K88, Campylobacter coli, and Campylobacter jejuni but not with other human pathogens. In addition, cells of these pathogens aggregated in the presence of the spent culture supernatant (SCS) of strain DSM 20001T. Cells of E. coli K88 remained viable in the coaggregates and aggregates for up to 24 h. Both coaggregation and aggregation (co/aggregation) occurred at pH 3.5 to 7.5 and was sensitive to heat (85°C for 15 min) and proteinase K. The co/aggregation-promoting factor (Cpf) was purified, and the gene was identified by PCR with degenerate primers derived from internal amino acid sequences. The cpf gene encoded a 19.9-kDa preprotein with a sec-dependent leader and an isoelectric point of 4.4. The amino acid sequence had no significant similarity to proteins with known functions. Northern analysis revealed not only major transcription from the promoter of cpf but also major transcription from the promoter of the preceding insertion element, ISLco1 belonging to the IS3 family. Recombinant Cpf produced in E. coli mediated aggregation of pathogens comparable to the aggregation obtained with purified Cpf or SCS of strain DSM 20001T. Cpf could be removed from cells of strain DSM 20001T by treatment with 5 M LiCl and could be subsequently reattached to the cell surface by using SCS or recombinant Cpf, which resulted in restoration of the co/aggregation property. These results together with those of the amino acid sequence analysis suggest that Cpf is a novel surface protein of L. coryniformis that mediates co/aggregation of some pathogens. PMID:15574903

  5. Lactobacillus

    MedlinePLUS

    ... sp. rhamnosus, Lactobacillus crispatus, Lactobacillus delbrueckii, Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus, Lactobacillus fermentum, Lactobacillus gallinarum, Lactobacillus Gasseri, Lactobacillus ...

  6. Evaluation of random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD)PCR as a method to differentiate Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus crispatus, Lactobacillus amylovorus, Lactobacillus gallinarum, Lactobacillus gasseri , and Lactobacillus johnsonii

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Erika M. Du Plessis; Leon M. T. Dicks

    1995-01-01

    The technique random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD)-PCR was evaluated as a method to differentiate Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus crispatus, Lactobacillus amylovorus, Lactobacillus gallinarum, Lactobacillus gasseri, and Lactobacillus johnsonii. Representative strains, including the type of each species, were selected from different clusters obtained by numerical analysis of total soluble cell protein patterns. Results obtained by RAPD-PCR corresponded well with results obtained by

  7. The complete genomes of Lactobacillus plantarum and Lactobacillus johnsonii

    E-print Network

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    The complete genomes of Lactobacillus plantarum and Lactobacillus johnsonii reveal extensive by comparing the genomes of Lactobacillus plantarum (3?3 Mb) and Lactobacillus johnsonii (2?0 Mb). L. johnsonii these LAB affect the host. Recently, the genomes of two members of the genus Lactobacillus have been

  8. Evaluation of random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD)-PCR as a method to differentiate Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus crispatus, Lactobacillus amylovorus, Lactobacillus gallinarum, Lactobacillus gasseri, and Lactobacillus johnsonii.

    PubMed

    Du Plessis, E M; Dicks, L M

    1995-08-01

    The technique random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD)-PCR was evaluated as a method to differentiate Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus crispatus, Lactobacillus amylovorus, Lactobacillus gallinarum, Lactobacillus gasseri, and Lactobacillus johnsonii. Representative strains, including the type of each species, were selected from different clusters obtained by numerical analysis of total soluble cell protein patterns. Results obtained by RAPD-PCR corresponded well with results obtained by numerical analysis of total soluble cell protein patterns. The type strains of each species displayed different RAPD profiles. Strains with identical L(+)- nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide-dependent lactic dehydrogenase (nLDH) electrophoretic profiles could be distinguished on the basis of their RAPD profiles. PMID:7606186

  9. Comparative genomics of Lactobacillus.

    PubMed

    Kant, Ravi; Blom, Jochen; Palva, Airi; Siezen, Roland J; de Vos, Willem M

    2011-05-01

    The genus Lactobacillus includes a diverse group of bacteria consisting of many species that are associated with fermentations of plants, meat or milk. In addition, various lactobacilli are natural inhabitants of the intestinal tract of humans and other animals. Finally, several Lactobacillus strains are marketed as probiotics as their consumption can confer a health benefit to host. Presently, 154 Lactobacillus species are known and a growing fraction of these are subject to draft genome sequencing. However, complete genome sequences are needed to provide a platform for detailed genomic comparisons. Therefore, we selected a total of 20 genomes of various Lactobacillus strains for which complete genomic sequences have been reported. These genomes had sizes varying from 1.8 to 3.3?Mb and other characteristic features, such as G+C content that ranged from 33% to 51%. The Lactobacillus pan genome was found to consist of approximately 14?000 protein-encoding genes while all 20 genomes shared a total of 383 sets of orthologous genes that defined the Lactobacillus core genome (LCG). Based on advanced phylogeny of the proteins encoded by this LCG, we grouped the 20 strains into three main groups and defined core group genes present in all genomes of a single group, signature group genes shared in all genomes of one group but absent in all other Lactobacillus genomes, and Group-specific ORFans present in core group genes of one group and absent in all other complete genomes. The latter are of specific value in defining the different groups of genomes. The study provides a platform for present individual comparisons as well as future analysis of new Lactobacillus genomes. PMID:21375712

  10. Comparative genomics of Lactobacillus

    PubMed Central

    Kant, Ravi; Blom, Jochen; Palva, Airi; Siezen, Roland J.; de Vos, Willem M.

    2011-01-01

    Summary The genus Lactobacillus includes a diverse group of bacteria consisting of many species that are associated with fermentations of plants, meat or milk. In addition, various lactobacilli are natural inhabitants of the intestinal tract of humans and other animals. Finally, several Lactobacillus strains are marketed as probiotics as their consumption can confer a health benefit to host. Presently, 154 Lactobacillus species are known and a growing fraction of these are subject to draft genome sequencing. However, complete genome sequences are needed to provide a platform for detailed genomic comparisons. Therefore, we selected a total of 20 genomes of various Lactobacillus strains for which complete genomic sequences have been reported. These genomes had sizes varying from 1.8 to 3.3?Mb and other characteristic features, such as G+C content that ranged from 33% to 51%. The Lactobacillus pan genome was found to consist of approximately 14?000 protein?encoding genes while all 20 genomes shared a total of 383 sets of orthologous genes that defined the Lactobacillus core genome (LCG). Based on advanced phylogeny of the proteins encoded by this LCG, we grouped the 20 strains into three main groups and defined core group genes present in all genomes of a single group, signature group genes shared in all genomes of one group but absent in all other Lactobacillus genomes, and Group?specific ORFans present in core group genes of one group and absent in all other complete genomes. The latter are of specific value in defining the different groups of genomes. The study provides a platform for present individual comparisons as well as future analysis of new Lactobacillus genomes. PMID:21375712

  11. Selective Enumeration of Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus, Streptococcus thermophilus, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Bifidobacteria, Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus rhamnosus, and Propionibacteria

    Microsoft Academic Search

    N. Tharmaraj; N. P. Shah

    2003-01-01

    Nineteen bacteriological media were evaluated to assess their suitability to selectively enumerate Lactoba- cillus delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus, Streptococcus ther- mophilus, Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus rhamnosus, Lactobacillus acidophilus, bifidobacteria, and propioni- bacteria. Bacteriological media evaluated included Streptococcus thermophilus agar, pH modified MRS agar, MRS-vancomycine agar, MRS-bile agar, MRS- NaCl agar, MRS-lithium chloride agar, MRS-NNLP (na- lidixic acid, neomycin sulfate, lithium chloride and

  12. Hosts, environment, stress, phages Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    Hosts, environment, stress, phages Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus thermotolerance Dangé St-Romain, France Abstract -- Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus is a lactic acid bacterium thermotolérance chez Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus. Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus est une

  13. Characterization of Rhamnosidases from Lactobacillus plantarum and Lactobacillus acidophilus

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. J. Beekwilder; Daniela Marcozzi; Samuele Vecchi; Vos de C. H; Patrick Janssen; Christof Francke; Hylckama Vlieg van J. E. T; Robert D. Hall

    2009-01-01

    Lactobacilli are known to use plant materials as a food source. Many such materials are rich in rhamnose-containing polyphenols, and thus it can be anticipated that lactobacilli will contain rhamnosidases. Therefore, genome sequences of food-grade lactobacilli were screened for putative rhamnosidases. In the genome of Lactobacillus plantarum, two putative rhamnosidase genes (ram1Lp and ram2Lp) were identified, while in Lactobacillus acidophilus,

  14. DNA probe for lactobacillus delbrueckii

    SciTech Connect

    Delley, M.; Mollet, B.; Hottinger, H. (Nestle Research Centre, Lausanne (Switzerland))

    1990-06-01

    From a genomic DNA library of Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus, a clone was isolated which complements a leucine auxotrophy of an Escherichia coli strain (GE891). Subsequent analysis of the clone indicated that it could serve as a specific DNA probe. Dot-blot hybridizations with over 40 different Lactobacillus strains showed that this clone specifically recognized L. delbrueckii subsp. delbrueckii, bulgaricus, and lactis. The sensitivity of the method was tested by using an {alpha}-{sup 32}P-labeled probe.

  15. Identification of Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus pentosus and Lactobacillus fermentum from honey stomach of honeybee.

    PubMed

    Tajabadi, Naser; Mardan, Makhdzir; Saari, Nazamid; Mustafa, Shuhaimi; Bahreini, Rasoul; Manap, Mohd Yazid Abdul

    2013-01-01

    This study aimed to isolate and identify Lactobacillus in the honey stomach of honeybee Apis dorsata. Samples of honeybee were collected from A. dorsata colonies in different bee trees and Lactobacillus bacteria isolated from honey stomachs. Ninety two isolates were Gram-stained and tested for catalase reaction. By using bacterial universal primers, the 16S rDNA gene from DNA of bacterial colonies amplified with polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Forty-nine bacterial 16S rDNA gene were sequenced and entrusted in GenBank. Phylogenetic analysis showed they were different phylotypes of Lactobacillus. Two of them were most closely relevant to the previously described species Lactobacillus plantarum. Other two phylotypes were identified to be closely related to Lactobacillus pentosus. However, only one phylotype was found to be distantly linked to the Lactobacillus fermentum. The outcomes of the present study indicated that L. plantarum, L. pentosus, and L. fermentum were the dominant lactobacilli in the honey stomach of honeybee A. dorsata collected during the dry season from Malaysia forest area - specifically "Melaleuca in Terengganu". PMID:24516438

  16. Original article Exopolysaccharides from Lactobacillus rhamnosus

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Original article Exopolysaccharides from Lactobacillus rhamnosus RW-9595M stimulate TNF, IL-6) from Lactobacillus rhamnosus RW- 9595M have been pre- pared from bacterial cultures, isolated exopolysaccharides du Lactobacillus rhamnosus RW-9595M. Différence entre les réponses de cellules de sang

  17. The Characteristics of Lactobacillus acidophilus and Lactobacillus bulgaricus

    Microsoft Academic Search

    DOROTHY M. WHEATER

    1955-01-01

    SUMMARY: A study of 94 strains of lactobacilli was made. These were divided into three groups by ' sugar ' fermentations and tolerance of sodium chloride and sodium tauroglycocholate. Strains of Lactobacillus acidophilus fermented amygdalin, cellobiose, salicin and sucrose, were variable in their action on dextrin and maltose, but grew in 2 yo sodium chloride or sodium tauroglycocholate. Strains of

  18. Lactobacillus Rhamnosus Endocarditis Complicating Colonoscopy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Avlami; T. Kordossis; N. Vrizidis; N. V. Sipsas

    2001-01-01

    We report the first case of endocarditis caused by Lactobacillus after an uneventful colonoscopy. The initial empiric treatment with the standard regimen of penicillin-aminoglycoside failed; subsequent treatment with a combination of antibiotics, selected according to the in vitro studies, was successful.

  19. Lactobacillus kitasatonis sp. nov., from chicken intestine.

    PubMed

    Mukai, Takao; Arihara, Keizo; Ikeda, Ami; Nomura, Kazuhito; Suzuki, Fumihiko; Ohori, Hitoshi

    2003-11-01

    Four strains isolated from chicken small intestine and strains JCM 1038 and JCM 1039 (designated as Lactobacillus acidophilus) were characterized by phenotypic and molecular taxonomic methods. They were Gram-positive, catalase-negative, facultatively anaerobic rods that did not produce gas from glucose. These strains had similar phenotypic characteristics and exhibited intergroup DNA relatedness values of >77 %, indicating that they comprised a single species. The 16S rRNA gene sequence of a representative strain, JCM 1039(T) (designated as type strain in this study), was determined and aligned with those of other Lactobacillus species. JCM 1039(T) was placed in the Lactobacillus delbrueckii cluster of the genus Lactobacillus on the basis of phylogenetic analysis and formed an independent cluster that was distinct from its closest neighbours, Lactobacillus amylovorus, Lactobacillus crispatus, Lactobacillus gallinarum, L. acidophilus and Lactobacillus helveticus. Results of DNA-DNA hybridization experiments and whole-cell protein profiles clearly indicated that these strains represent a novel Lactobacillus species, for which the name Lactobacillus kitasatonis sp. nov. is proposed; the type strain of this species is JCM 1039(T). PMID:14657145

  20. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. lactis and ssp.

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. lactis and ssp. bulgaricus: a chronicle: Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. lactis and ssp. bulgaricus are lactic acid producing bacteria that are largely. Keywords: Lactobacillus delbrueckii, Bulgaricus, Lactis, Genome, Comparative genomics, Adaptation

  1. Analysis of promoter sequences from Lactobacillus and Lactococcus and their activity in several Lactobacillus species

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andrea McCracken; Mark S. Turner; Phil Giffard; Louise M. Hafner; Peter Timms

    2000-01-01

    Promoter-active fragments were isolated from the genome of the probiotic organism Lactobacillus rhamnosus strain GG using the promoter-probe vector pNZ272. These promoter elements, together with a promoter fragment isolated from the vaginal strain Lactobacillus fermentum BR11 and two previously defined promoters (Lactococcus lactis lacA and Lactobacillus acidophilus ATCC 4356 slpA), were introduced into three strains of Lactobacillus. Primer-extension analysis was

  2. Intraspecific variation of Lactobacillus plantarum and Lactobacillus pentosus in sensitivity towards various bacteriocins

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. D. Carl; J. J. Leisner; J. Swings; M. Vancanneyt

    2004-01-01

    Fifty-two strains belonging to the Lactobacillus plantarum species group were identified and typed. They represented 32 clones of Lactobacillus plantarum and 7 clones of Lactobacillus pentosus. Sensitivity of all strains towards bacteriocins of four different producer strains was investigated using a deferred inhibition test (DIT). Substantial intra-specific variation in sensitivity of clones was observed towards bacteriocinogenic lactic acid bacteria producing

  3. Inhibitor Effect of Lactobacillus acidophilus

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Tramer

    1966-01-01

    SABINE1 demonstrated the antibiotic-like effect of Lactobacillus acidophilus by growing it in a solid medium in holes cut in a plate seeded with a staphylococcus and Escherichia coli as test organisms. He stated that the inhibition observed was not a result of acidity, since there was no difference in the pH of the agar in the cup, in the inhibition

  4. Diversity of stress tolerance in Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus pentosus and Lactobacillus paraplantarum: A multivariate screening study.

    PubMed

    Parente, Eugenio; Ciocia, Felicia; Ricciardi, Annamaria; Zotta, Teresa; Felis, Giovanna E; Torriani, Sandra

    2010-12-15

    Sixty-three strains of the taxonomically related species Lactobacillus plantarum subsp. plantarum, L. plantarum subsp. argentoratensis, L. paraplantarum and L. pentosus isolated from sourdoughs and other food and non-food sources and 14 strains of other members of the genus Lactobacillus were screened for their tolerance of acid, alkaline, heat, oxidative, osmotic, detergent and starvation stresses in order to evaluate the diversity of stress response. Most strains of the L. plantarum group were highly tolerant of acid, alkaline and osmotic stress and highly sensitive to detergent stress, while a larger diversity was found for other stress. Multivariate analysis allowed grouping the strains in clusters with similar response patterns. Stress response patterns in the L. plantarum group were similar to those of species of the L. casei/L. paracasei group but clearly different from those of other mesophilic Lactobacillus. No relationship was found between grouping obtained on the basis of stress response patterns and by genotypic fingerprinting (rep-PCR), nor with the taxonomic position or isolation source of the strains. Further experiments with selected strains showed that exponential phase cells were generally but not always more sensitive than stationary phase cells. The ability to grow under stressful conditions showed a slightly better correlation with the ecological conditions prevailing in the isolation niches of the strains. This study will be the basis for further investigations to identify and exploit the basis of diversity in the stress response of lactic acid bacteria. PMID:21035223

  5. Vaginal Lactobacillus Flora of Healthy Swedish Women

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alejandra Vasquez; Tell Jakobsson; Siv Ahrne; Urban Forsum; Goran Molin

    2002-01-01

    Species of the Lactobacillus acidophilus complex are generally considered to constitute most of the vaginal Lactobacillus flora, but the flora varies between studies. However, this may be due to difficulties in identifying the closely related species within the L. acidophilus complex by using traditional methods and to variations in the vaginal status of the participants. Two hundred two isolates from

  6. Antibiotic susceptibility profiles of Lactobacillus reuteri and Lactobacillus fermentum.

    PubMed

    Egervärn, Maria; Danielsen, Morten; Roos, Stefan; Lindmark, Hans; Lindgren, Sven

    2007-02-01

    Lactobacillus reuteri and Lactobacillus fermentum, which are commonly used as food processing aids and probiotics, can potentially act as reservoirs of antibiotic resistance genes. Acquired resistance genes may be transferred via the food chain or in the gastrointestinal tract to pathogenic bacteria. Knowledge of the distributions of antibiotic MICs for a species is needed when using a phenotypic method to assess the presence of acquired resistance genes. In the present study, 56 L. reuteri and 56 L. fermentum strains that differed by source and spatial and temporal origin were assessed for antibiotic susceptibility using an Etest kit and a broth microdilution protocol. L. fermentum strains displayed a uniform distribution of MICs for all six antibiotics tested. L. reuteri strains had a bimodal distribution of MICs or a distribution with MICs above the test range for 7 of the 14 antibiotics tested. Genetic relatedness was observed among L. reuteri strains with high MICs for both ampicillin and tetracycline and among strains with high MICs for both erythromycin and clindamycin. Results obtained with the Etest and the broth microdilution method corresponded well with each other. Thus, further research may make it possible to define microbiological breakpoints for distinguishing between strains with and without acquired resistance genes. PMID:17340877

  7. Fermentation of sorghum dough by genus Lactobacillus

    E-print Network

    Clark, Susie Hong Nguyen

    1980-01-01

    FERMENTATION OF SORGHUM DOUGH BY THE GENUS LACTOBACILLUS A Thesis by SUSIE HONG NGUYEN CLARK Approved as to style and content by: Member Member Ilember ead of Dep tment December 1980 ABSTRACT Fermentation of Sorghum Dough by the Genus... Lactobacillus. (December 1980) Susie Hong Nguyen Clark, B. S. , Purdue University Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. R. L. Richter Sorghum flour was fermented by naturally occurring microorganisms. These microorganisms were isolated by plating on special...

  8. Isolation and Characterization of Lactobacillus bulgaricus and Lactobacillus casei from Various Foods

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Özlem ERDO

    The aim of this study was to determine Lactobacillus bulgaricus and Lactobacillus casei isolated from yoghurt, different kinds of cheese and a traditional food named 'tarhana' (a fermented food made of a mixture of cereal, yoghurt and thyme), and to determine the antimicrobial activity and antibiotic resistance of these isolates. The identity of the culture was based on characteristics of

  9. Viability of Probiotic (Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus acidophilus and Lactobacillus casei) and Nonprobiotic Microflora in Argentinian Fresco Cheese

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. G. Vinderola; W. Prosello; D. Ghiberto; J. A. Reinheimer

    2000-01-01

    We evaluated the suitability of Argentinian Fresco cheese as a food carrier of probiotic cultures. We used cultures of Bifidobacterium bifidum (two strains), Bi- fidobacterium longum (two strains), Bifidobacterium sp. (one strain), Lactobacillus acidophilus (two strains), and Lactobacillus casei (two strains) in different combi- nations, as probiotic adjuncts. Probiotic, lactic starter (Lactococcus lactis and Streptococcus thermophilus), and contaminant (coliforms, yeasts,

  10. Genotypic diversity of stress response in Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus paraplantarum and Lactobacillus pentosus.

    PubMed

    Ricciardi, Annamaria; Parente, Eugenio; Guidone, Angela; Ianniello, Rocco Gerardo; Zotta, Teresa; Abu Sayem, S M; Varcamonti, Mario

    2012-07-01

    Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus pentosus and Lactobacillus paraplantarum are three closely related species which are widespread in food and non-food environments, and are important as starter bacteria or probiotics. In order to evaluate the phenotypic diversity of stress tolerance in the L. plantarum group and the ability to mount an adaptive heat shock response, the survival of exponential and stationary phase and of heat adapted exponential phase cells of six L. plantarum subsp. plantarum, one L. plantarum subsp. argentoratensis, one L. pentosus and two L. paraplantarum strains selected in a previous work upon exposure to oxidative, heat, detergent, starvation and acid stresses was compared to that of the L. plantarum WCFS1 strain. Furthermore, to evaluate the genotypic diversity in stress response genes, ten genes (encoding for chaperones DnaK, GroES and GroEL, regulators CtsR, HrcA and CcpA, ATPases/proteases ClpL, ClpP, ClpX and protease FtsH) were amplified using primers derived from the WCFS1 genome sequence and submitted to restriction with one or two endonucleases. The results were compared by univariate and multivariate statistical methods. In addition, the amplicons for hrcA and ctsR were sequenced and compared by multiple sequence alignment and polymorphism analysis. Although there was evidence of a generalized stress response in the stationary phase, with increase of oxidative, heat, and, to a lesser extent, starvation stress tolerance, and for adaptive heat stress response, with increased tolerance to heat, acid and detergent, different growth phases and adaptation patterns were found. Principal component analysis showed that while heat, acid and detergent stresses respond similarly to growth phase and adaptation, tolerance to oxidative and starvation stresses implies completely unrelated mechanisms. A dendrogram obtained using the data from multilocus restriction typing (MLRT) of stress response genes clearly separated two groups of L. plantarum strains from the other species but there was no correlation between genotypic grouping and grouping obtained on the basis of the stress response pattern, nor with the phylograms obtained from hrcA and ctsR sequences. Differences in sequence in L. plantarum strains were mostly due to single nucleotide polymorphisms with a high frequency of synonymous nucleotide changes and, while hrcA was characterized by an excess of low frequency polymorphism, very low diversity was found in ctsR sequences. Sequence alignment of hrcA allowed a correct discrimination of the strains at the species level, thus confirming the relevance of stress response genes for taxonomy. PMID:22704047

  11. Original article Heat-killed Lactobacillus acidophilus inhibits

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Original article Heat-killed Lactobacillus acidophilus inhibits adhesion of Escherichia coli B41-105 °C) Lactobacillus acidophilus (Lact6ol strain) was found to inhibit this adhe- sion in a doseLa cells, and for the inhibition of adhesion of E coli to these cells. Escherichia coliJ Lactobacillus

  12. Original article The effect of Lactobacillus rhamnosus HN001

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Original article The effect of Lactobacillus rhamnosus HN001 on mineral absorption and bone health mechanisms. The objectives of this study were to measure (1) the effect of Lactobacillus rhamnosus strain HN strength / mineral bioavailability ­ HN001 : (1) Lb HN001 (Lactobacillus rhamnosus) ; (2) Lb HN001

  13. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Diversity and functional properties of Lactobacillus

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Diversity and functional properties of Lactobacillus plantarum-group strains The aim of this study was to characterize dairy Lactobacillus plantarum-group strains on the basis this wild Lactobacillus group. In addition, their in vitro potential probiotic properties were evaluated

  14. Survival of Lactobacillus species (strain GG) in human gastrointestinal tract

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Barry R. Goldin; Sherwood L. Gorbach; Maija Saxelin; Susan Barakat; Lisa Gualtieri; Seppo Salminen

    1992-01-01

    A newly isolated strain of a species ofLactobacillus of human origin, designated GG (Lactobacillus GG), has been studied to determine its ability to survive in the human gastrointestinal tract. When fed to 76 volunteers as a frozen concentrate or as a fermented preparation in milk or whey,Lactobacillus GG was recovered in the feces of all subjects receiving the fermented milk

  15. Physiology, metabolism Adaptation of Lactobacillus sakei to meat

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    Physiology, metabolism Adaptation of Lactobacillus sakei to meat: a new regulatory mechanism Recherches sur la Viande, INRA-CRJ, Domaine de Vilvert, 78350 Jouy-en-Josas, France Abstract -- Lactobacillus Research Park, Norwich NR4 7UA, UK. #12;R. Stentz et al. 1. INTRODUCTION Lactobacillus sakei is a lactic

  16. Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (ATCC 53103) and platelet aggregation in vitro

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Riitta Korpela; Eeva Moilanen; Maija Saxelin; Heikki Vapaatalo

    1997-01-01

    Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG is an experimentally and clinically well documented probiotic used in different dairy products. The present study aimed to investigate the safety aspects of Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG, particularly with respect to platelet aggregation, the initiating event in thrombosis. Platelet rich plasma was separated from the blood of healthy volunteers, and the effects of Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (ATCC 53103),

  17. Original article Phenotypic and genotypic characterization

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    with the predominance of Lactobacillus paracasei followed by Lactobacillus plantarum. All the isolates were further, while 14% were found good acid producer, and 11% for EPS production. Lactobacillus coryniformis for the development of defined strain starter for Churpi cheese. Churpi cheese / Lactobacillus / 16S rDNA / yak

  18. Lactobacillus fermentum, a pathogen in documented cholecystitis

    PubMed Central

    Chery, Josue; Dvoskin, Dmitriy; Morato, Fernando P.; Fahoum, Bashar

    2013-01-01

    INTRODUCTION Lactobacillus species are probiotics proven to exhibit various preventative as well as therapeutic properties. While lactobacillus species have been implicated in the formation of dental caries, endocarditis and bacteremia, their role as pathogens in cholecystitis has not been reported. We present a rare case of Lactobacillus fermentum working as a pathogen in cholecystitis. PRESENTATION OF CASE An 81-year old male was admitted with right upper quadrant abdominal pain. His signs, symptoms, laboratory values and imaging were consistent with a diagnosis of cholecystitis with ascending cholangitis. In view of his co-morbidity and severe sepsis, the patient was treated non-operatively with antibiotics and cholecystostomy. L. fermentum, which was vancomycin resistant, was identified from the cholecystostomy aspirate and from anaerobic blood culture. The patient went into septic shock, developed multi-organ dysfunction syndrome and eventually died. DISCUSSION Commensal bacteria such as L. fermentum are known to modulate immunity, reduce the pathogenicity of gastrointestinal organisms and play a therapeutic role in various disease processes. We isolated L. fermentum as a pathogen in a documented case of cholecystitis with ascending cholangitis. CONCLUSION While the routine use lactobacillus species as a probiotic is supported in the literature, understanding its potential role as a pathogen may allow more judicious use of these bacteria and encourage research to elucidate the pathogenicity of lactobacillus species. PMID:23792476

  19. Taxonomic and Strain-Specific Identification of the Probiotic Strain Lactobacillus rhamnosus 35 within the Lactobacillus casei Group

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sophie Coudeyras; Helene Marchandin; Celine Fajon; Christiane Forestier

    2008-01-01

    Lactobacilli are lactic acid bacteria that are widespread in the environment, including the human diet and gastrointestinal tract. Some Lactobacillus strains are regarded as probiotics because they exhibit beneficial health effects on their host. In this study, the long-used probiotic strain Lactobacillus rhamnosus 35 was characterized at a molecular level and compared with seven reference strains from the Lactobacillus casei

  20. Genomic diversity of Lactobacillus salivarius.

    PubMed

    Raftis, Emma J; Salvetti, Elisa; Torriani, Sandra; Felis, Giovanna E; O'Toole, Paul W

    2011-02-01

    Strains of Lactobacillus salivarius are increasingly employed as probiotic agents for humans or animals. Despite the diversity of environmental sources from which they have been isolated, the genomic diversity of L. salivarius has been poorly characterized, and the implications of this diversity for strain selection have not been examined. To tackle this, we applied comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) and multilocus sequence typing (MLST) to 33 strains derived from humans, animals, or food. The CGH, based on total genome content, including small plasmids, identified 18 major regions of genomic variation, or hot spots for variation. Three major divisions were thus identified, with only a subset of the human isolates constituting an ecologically discernible group. Omission of the small plasmids from the CGH or analysis by MLST provided broadly concordant fine divisions and separated human-derived and animal-derived strains more clearly. The two gene clusters for exopolysaccharide (EPS) biosynthesis corresponded to regions of significant genomic diversity. The CGH-based groupings of these regions did not correlate with levels of production of bound or released EPS. Furthermore, EPS production was significantly modulated by available carbohydrate. In addition to proving difficult to predict from the gene content, EPS production levels correlated inversely with production of biofilms, a trait considered desirable in probiotic commensals. L. salivarius displays a high level of genomic diversity, and while selection of L. salivarius strains for probiotic use can be informed by CGH or MLST, it also requires pragmatic experimental validation of desired phenotypic traits. PMID:21131523

  1. Carbohydrate Utilization in Lactobacillus sake

    PubMed Central

    Lauret, R.; Morel-Deville, F.; Berthier, F.; Champomier-Verges, M.; Postma, P.; Ehrlich, S. D.; Zagorec, M.

    1996-01-01

    The ability of Lactobacillus sake to use various carbon sources was investigated. For this purpose we developed a chemically defined medium allowing growth of L. sake and some related lactobacilli. This medium was used to determine growth rates on various carbohydrates and some nutritional requirements of L. sake. Mutants resistant to 2-deoxy-d-glucose (a nonmetabolizable glucose analog) were isolated. One mutant unable to grow on mannose and one mutant deficient in growth on mannose, fructose, and sucrose were studied by determining growth characteristics and carbohydrate uptake and phosphorylation rates. We show here that sucrose, fructose, mannose, N-acetylglucosamine, and glucose are transported and phosphorylated by the phosphoenolpyruvate:carbohydrate phosphotransferase system (PTS). The PTS permease specific for mannose, enzyme II(supMan), was shown to be responsible for mannose, glucose, and N-acetylglucosamine transport. A second, non-PTS system, which was responsible for glucose transport, was demonstrated. Subsequent glucose metabolism involved an ATP-dependent phosphorylation. Ribose and gluconate were transported by PTS-independent permeases. PMID:16535331

  2. Lactobacillus sepsis associated with probiotic therapy.

    PubMed

    Land, Michael H; Rouster-Stevens, Kelly; Woods, Charles R; Cannon, Michael L; Cnota, James; Shetty, Avinash K

    2005-01-01

    Probiotic strains of lactobacilli are increasingly being used in clinical practice because of their many health benefits. Infections associated with probiotic strains of lactobacilli are extremely rare. We describe 2 patients who received probiotic lactobacilli and subsequently developed bacteremia and sepsis attributable to Lactobacillus species. Molecular DNA fingerprinting analysis showed that the Lactobacillus strain isolated from blood samples was indistinguishable from the probiotic strain ingested by the patients. This report indicates, for the first time, that invasive disease can be associated with probiotic lactobacilli. This report should not discourage the appropriate use of Lactobacillus or other probiotic agents but should serve as a reminder that these agents can cause invasive disease in certain populations. PMID:15629999

  3. Influence of Growth Medium on Hydrogen Peroxide and Bacteriocin Production of Lactobacillus Strains

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zsolt Zalán; Edina Németh; Ágnes Baráth; Anna Halász

    2005-01-01

    Summary This study was conducted to investigate the inhibitory effect of bacteriocin and the production of hydrogen peroxide by four non-starter lactic acid bacteria, Lactobacillus plan- tarum 2142, Lactobacillus curvatus 2770, Lactobacillus curvatus 2775, Lactobacillus casei subsp. pseudoplantarum 2750 and the probiotic strain Lactobacillus casei Shirota, propagated in de Man Rogosa Sharpe (MRS) and tomato juice (TJ) broth. The methods

  4. Lactobacillus kefirgranum sp. nov. and Lactobacillus parakefir sp. nov., Two New Species from Kefir Grains

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. TAKIZAWA; S. KOJIMA; S. TAMURA; S. FUJINAGA; Y. BENNO

    1994-01-01

    Twelve strains of homofermentative lactobacilli and two strains of heterofermentative lactobacilli were isolated from kefir grains by using R-CW agar medium. The physiological and biochemical characteristics, DNA guanine-plus-cytosine contents, and levels of DNA-DNA relatedness of these isolates and previously described lactobacilli were compared. Our results indicated that two new species, Lactobacillus kefirgranurn and Lactobacillus parakefir, could be distinguished. The type

  5. Manganese acquisition by Lactobacillus plantarum

    SciTech Connect

    Archibald, F.S.; Duong, M.N.

    1984-04-01

    Lactobacillus plantarum has an unusually high Mn(II) requirement for growth and accumulated over 30 mM intracellular Mn(II). The acquisition of Mn(II) by L. plantarum occurred via a specific active transport system powered by the transmembrane proton gradient. The Mn(II) uptake system has a K/sub m/ of 0.2 ..mu..M and a V/sub max/ of 24 nmol mg/sup -1/ of protein min/sup -1/. Above a medium Mn(II) concentration of 200 ..mu..M, the intracellular Mn(II) level was independent of the medium Mn(II) and unresponsive to oxygen stresses but was reduced by phosphate limitation. At a pH of 5.5, citrate, isocitrate, and cis-aconitate effectively promoted MN(II) uptake, although measurable levels of 1,5-(/sup 14/C)citrate were not accumulated. When cells were presented with equimolar Mn(II) and Cd(II), Cd(II) was preferentially taken up by the Mn(II) transport system. Both Mn(II) and Cd(II) uptake were greatly increased by Mn(II) starvation. Mn(II) uptake by Mn(II)-starved cells was subject to a negative feedback regulatory mechanism functioning less than 1 min after exposure of the cells to Mn(II) and independent of protein synthesis. When presented with a relatively large amount of exogenous Mn(II), Mn(II)-starved cells exhibited a measurable efflux of their internal Mn(II), but the rate was only a small fraction of the maximal Mn(II) uptake rate.

  6. Genome Sequence of Lactobacillus rhamnosus ATCC 8530

    PubMed Central

    Pittet, Vanessa; Ewen, Emily; Bushell, Barry R.

    2012-01-01

    Lactobacillus rhamnosus is found in the human gastrointestinal tract and is important for probiotics. We became interested in L. rhamnosus isolate ATCC 8530 in relation to beer spoilage and hops resistance. We report here the genome sequence of this isolate, along with a brief comparison to other available L. rhamnosus genome sequences. PMID:22247527

  7. Genetic heterogeneity among Lactobacillus acidophilus strains

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. G. Sarra; M. Magri; V. Bottazzi; F. Dellaglio

    1980-01-01

    Physiological characteristics, DNA base composition (% GC) and DNA-DNA reassociation values were determined for 138 Lactobacillus acidophilus strains. Twenty seven strains were received from various culture collections and 111 strains were freshly isolated during a study on the composition of the intestinal lactic microflora of piglets and suckling calves.

  8. Instability of Lactobacillus acidophilus in Yogurt1

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. E. Gilliland; M. L. Speck

    1977-01-01

    Lactobacillus acidophilus added to yo- gurt decreased in numbers during refriger- ated storage. This instability was caused by substance(s) produced by L. bulgari- cus, a component species of yogurt cul- tures. Hydrogen peroxide produced by L. bulgaricus during the manufacture and\\/or storage of yogurt appeared to be the main substance responsible for the antagonism of L. bulgaricus toward L. acidophilus

  9. Differentiation of Lactobacillus Species by Molecular Typing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    WEI ZHONG; KEVIN MILLSAP; HANNA BIALKOWSKA-HOBRZANSKA; GREGOR REID

    1998-01-01

    A total of 64 type, reference, clinical, health food, and stock isolates of microaerophilic Lactobacillus species were examined by restriction fragment length polymorphisms. Of particular interest were members of six of the eight species most commonly recovered from the vaginas of healthy premenopausal women, namely, Lactobacil- lus jensenii, L. casei, L. rhamnosus, L. acidophilus, L. plantarum, and L. fermentum. Six

  10. Genome Sequence of Lactobacillus amylovorus GRL1112?

    PubMed Central

    Kant, Ravi; Paulin, Lars; Alatalo, Edward; de Vos, Willem M.; Palva, Airi

    2011-01-01

    Lactobacillus amylovorus is a common member of the normal gastrointestinal tract (GIT) microbiota in pigs. Here, we report the genome sequence of L. amylovorus GRL1112, a porcine feces isolate displaying strong adherence to the pig intestinal epithelial cells. The strain is of interest, as it is a potential probiotic bacterium. PMID:21131492

  11. Genome sequence of Lactobacillus amylovorus GRL1112.

    PubMed

    Kant, Ravi; Paulin, Lars; Alatalo, Edward; de Vos, Willem M; Palva, Airi

    2011-02-01

    Lactobacillus amylovorus is a common member of the normal gastrointestinal tract (GIT) microbiota in pigs. Here, we report the genome sequence of L. amylovorus GRL1112, a porcine feces isolate displaying strong adherence to the pig intestinal epithelial cells. The strain is of interest, as it is a potential probiotic bacterium. PMID:21131492

  12. Taxonomic study of the Lactobacillus acidophilus group, with recognition of Lactobacillus gallinarum sp. nov. and Lactobacillus johnsonii sp. nov. and synonymy of Lactobacillus acidophilus group A3 (Johnson et al. 1980) with the type strain of Lactobacillus amylovorus (Nakamura 1981).

    PubMed

    Fujisawa, T; Benno, Y; Yaeshima, T; Mitsuoka, T

    1992-07-01

    Biochemical properties and DNA-DNA reassociation studies of Lactobacillus acidophilus strains isolated from humans and animals indicate that these include six genomospecies. Two new species can be differentiated from the established species of the genus Lactobacillus: L. gallinarum sp. nov. (type strain, ATCC 33199) and L. johnsonii sp. nov. (type strain, ATCC 33200). Furthermore, it was clarified that L. acidophilus group A3 (Johnson et al. 1980) is synonymous with L. amylovorus. PMID:1503977

  13. Recombinant lactobacillus for fermentation of xylose to lactic acid and lactate

    DOEpatents

    Picataggio, Stephen K. (Golden, CO); Zhang, Min (Lakewood, CO); Franden, Mary Ann (Littleton, CO); Mc Millan, James D. (Boulder, CO); Finkelstein, Mark (Fort Collins, CO)

    1998-01-01

    A recombinant Lactobacillus MONT4 is provided which has been genetically engineered with xylose isomerase and xylulokinase genes from Lactobacillus pentosus to impart to the Lactobacillus MONT4 the ability to ferment lignocellulosic biomass containing xylose to lactic acid.

  14. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Screening of Lactobacillus spp. for the prevention

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Screening of Lactobacillus spp. for the prevention of Pseudomonas, Lactobacillus, Probiotics, Organic acids, Biofilm formation, Elastolytic activity Background Pseudomonas

  15. Effect of probiotic Lactobacillus strains in children with atopic dermatitis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Vibeke Rosenfeldt; Eva Benfeldt; Susanne Dam Nielsen; Kim Fleischer Michaelsen; Dorthe Lisbeth Jeppesen; Niels Henrik Valerius; Anders Paerregaard

    2003-01-01

    Background: Recent studies suggest that oral bacteriotherapy with probiotics might be useful in the management of atopic dermatitis (AD). Objective: The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the clinical and anti-inflammatory effect of probiotic supplementation in children with AD. Methods: In a double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study, 2 probiotic Lactobacillus strains (lyophilized Lactobacillus rhamnosus 19070-2 and Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 122460)

  16. Dry sausage fermented by Lactobacillus rhamnosus strains.

    PubMed

    Erkkilä, S; Suihko, M L; Eerola, S; Petäjä, E; Mattila-Sandholm, T

    2001-02-28

    The ability of three probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus strains GG, E-97800 and LC-705 and one commercial Pediococcus pentosaceus starter strain (control) to produce dry sausage was studied. During the fermentation process the numbers of inoculated lactic acid bacteria increased from approx. 7 log10 to 8-9 log10 cfu/g and the pH values decreased from 5.6 to 4.9-5.0. The sensory test indicated that the dry sausages fermented by L. rhamnosus LC-705 were inferior to the control sausages. The presence of inoculated experimental strains as predominant organisms in the dry sausages was recognised on the basis of their genetic fingerprints by ribotyping. The concentrations of biogenic amines remained low during the ripening process. These results indicated that the studied Lactobacillus rhamnosus strains, especially strains GG and E-97800, are suitable for use as probiotic starter cultures in fermenting dry sausage. PMID:11252505

  17. 1,3-Propanediol:NAD+ oxidoreductases of Lactobacillus brevis and Lactobacillus buchneri.

    PubMed Central

    Veiga-da-Cunha, M; Foster, M A

    1992-01-01

    In the cofermentation of glycerol with a sugar by Lactobacillus brevis and Lactobacillus buchneri, a 1,3-propanediol:NAD+ oxidoreductase provides an additional method of NADH disposal. The enzyme has been purified from both L. brevis B22 and L. buchneri B190 and found to have properties very similar to those reported for the enzyme from Klebsiella pneumoniae. The enzymes required Mn2+ and are probably octamers with a molecular mass of 350 kDa. Although not absolutely specific for 1,3-propanediol when tested as dehydrogenases, the enzymes have less than 10% activity with glycerol, ethanol, and 1,2-propanediol. These properties contrast sharply with those of a protein isolated from another Lactobacillus species (L. reuteri) that ferments glycerol with glucose and previously designated a 1,3-propanediol dehydrogenase. Images PMID:1622279

  18. 1,3-Propanediol:NAD+ oxidoreductases of Lactobacillus brevis and Lactobacillus buchneri.

    PubMed

    Veiga-da-Cunha, M; Foster, M A

    1992-06-01

    In the cofermentation of glycerol with a sugar by Lactobacillus brevis and Lactobacillus buchneri, a 1,3-propanediol:NAD+ oxidoreductase provides an additional method of NADH disposal. The enzyme has been purified from both L. brevis B22 and L. buchneri B190 and found to have properties very similar to those reported for the enzyme from Klebsiella pneumoniae. The enzymes required Mn2+ and are probably octamers with a molecular mass of 350 kDa. Although not absolutely specific for 1,3-propanediol when tested as dehydrogenases, the enzymes have less than 10% activity with glycerol, ethanol, and 1,2-propanediol. These properties contrast sharply with those of a protein isolated from another Lactobacillus species (L. reuteri) that ferments glycerol with glucose and previously designated a 1,3-propanediol dehydrogenase. PMID:1622279

  19. Fermentation of sorghum dough by genus Lactobacillus 

    E-print Network

    Clark, Susie Hong Nguyen

    1980-01-01

    LITERATURE REVIEW OBJECTIVES MATERIALS AND METHODS Isolation and Identification of Lactobacilli pH and Titr atable Acidity Determination Duality Evaluation by Taste Panel Page V11 V111 lx 8 10 Statistical Analyses of Acidity, pH, and Taste Panel... Results 12 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION Isolation and Identification of Lactobacillus Carbohydrate Fermentation . Statistical Analyses of pH and Acidity pH hleasurements Percent Acidity . Taste Panel Results CONCLUSIONS APPENDIX . REFERENCES VITA 13...

  20. Dry sausage fermented by Lactobacillus rhamnosus strains

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Susanna Erkkilä; Maija-Liisa Suihko; Susanna Eerola; Esko Petäjä; Tiina Mattila-Sandholm

    2001-01-01

    The ability of three probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus strains GG, E-97800 and LC-705 and one commercial Pediococcus pentosaceus starter strain (control) to produce dry sausage was studied. During the fermentation process the numbers of inoculated lactic acid bacteria increased from approx. 7log10 to 8–9log10 cfu\\/g and the pH values decreased from 5.6 to 4.9–5.0. The sensory test indicated that the dry

  1. Improving viability of Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidobacterium spp. in yogurt

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nagendra P. Shah; Warnakulsuriya E. V. Lankaputhra

    1997-01-01

    Viability of probiotic bacteria was assessed in yogurt prepared using ruptured or whole cells of yogurt bacteria (Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus 2515 and Streptococcus thermophilus 2010), and whole cells of probiotic bacteria (Lactobacillus acidophilus 2409 and one species of Bifidobacterium; B. longum 1941, B. pseudolongum 20099, B. infantis 1912, B. bifidum 1900 or B. bifidum 1901). Yogurt bacterial cells were

  2. Effects of feeding lactobacillus GG on lethal irradiation in mice

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Y. Dong; T. W. Chang; S. L. Gorbach

    1987-01-01

    Mice exposed to 1400 rads of total body irradiation experienced 80%-100% mortality in 2 wk. Bacteremia was demonstrated in all dead animals. Feeding Lactobacillus GG strain reduced Pseudomonas bacteremia and prolonged survival time in animals colonized with this organism. In animals not colonized with Pseudomonas, feeding Lactobacillus GG also produced some reduction in early deaths, and there was less Gram-negative

  3. Enteral feeding of premature infants with Lactobacillus GG

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M R Millar; C Bacon; S L Smith; V Walker; M A Hall

    1993-01-01

    The objectives of this study were to determine whether or not the probiotic Lactobacillus GG can colonise the immature bowel of premature infants and if so, does colonisation result in a reduction of the size of the bowel reservoir of nosocomial pathogens such as enterobacteriaceae, enterococci, yeasts or staphylococci, and does colonisation with Lactobacillus GG have any effect on the

  4. Survival of freeze-dried Lactobacillus plantarum and Lactobacillus rhamnosus during storage in the presence of protectants

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Sofia Carvalho; Joana Silva; Peter Ho; Paula Teixeira; F. Xavier Malcata; Paul Gibbs

    2002-01-01

    No significant differences were observed in the viability of Lactobacillus plantarum and Lactobacillus rhamnosus cells during freeze-drying in the presence or absence of inositol, sorbitol, fructose, trehalose, monosodium glutamate and propyl gallate. However, survival was higher during storage when drying took place in the presence of these compounds. Sorbitol produced more significant effects than the other compounds toward maintaining viability

  5. Eruca sativa might influence the growth, survival under simulated gastrointestinal conditions and some biological features of Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus plantarum and Lactobacillus rhamnosus strains.

    PubMed

    Fratianni, Florinda; Pepe, Selenia; Cardinale, Federica; Granese, Tiziana; Cozzolino, Autilia; Coppola, Raffaele; Nazzaro, Filomena

    2014-01-01

    The growth and viability of three Lactobacillus strains, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus plantarum and Lactobacillus rhamnosus, after their passage through simulated gastric and pancreatic juices were studied as a function of their presence in the growth medium of rocket salad (Eruca sativa). The presence of E. sativa affected some of the biological properties of the strains. For example, L. acidophilus and L. plantarum worked more efficiently in the presence of E. sativa, increasing not only the antioxidant activity of the medium, but also their own antioxidant power and antimicrobial activity; L. rhamnosus was not affected in the same manner. Overall, the presence of vegetables might help to boost, in specific cases, some of the characteristics of lactobacilli, including antioxidant and antimicrobial power. PMID:25275269

  6. Lactic acid production by mixed cultures of Kluyveromyces marxianus, Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus and Lactobacillus helveticus.

    PubMed

    Plessas, S; Bosnea, L; Psarianos, C; Koutinas, A A; Marchant, R; Banat, I M

    2008-09-01

    Lactic acid production using Kluyveromyces marxianus (IFO 288), Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus (ATCC 11842) and Lactobacillus helveticus (ATCC 15009) individually or as mixed culture on cheese whey in stirred or static fermentation conditions was evaluated. Lactic acid production, residual sugar and cell biomass were the main features examined. Increased lactic acid production was observed, when mixed cultures were used in comparison to individual ones. The highest lactic acid concentrations were achieved when K. marxianus yeast was combined with L. delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus, and when all the strains were used revealing possible synergistic effects between the yeast and the two lactic acid bacteria. The same synergistic effects were further observed and verified when the mixed cultures were applied in sourdough fermentations, proving that the above microbiological system could be applied in the food fermentations where high lactic acid production is sought. PMID:18155517

  7. Saccharomyces cerevisiae expressing bacteriophage endolysins reduce Lactobacillus contamination during fermentation

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    One of the challenges facing the fuel ethanol industry is the management of bacterial contamination during fermentation. Lactobacillus species are the predominant contaminants that decrease the profitability of biofuel production by reducing ethanol yields and causing “stuck” fermentations, which i...

  8. Isolation, extraction, and measurement of acetylcholine from Lactobacillus plantarum.

    PubMed Central

    Stanaszek, P M; Snell, J F; O'Neill, J J

    1977-01-01

    The isolation, extraction, and spectrophotometric determination of acetylcholine from Lactobacillus plantarum ATCC 10241 is described. Acetylcholine was extracted with a mixture of sodium tetraphenylboron-butylethylketone-acetonitrile and was measured enzymatically at 340 nm. PMID:907345

  9. Isolation and characterization of exocellular polysaccharide produced by Lactobacillus bulgaricus

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jutta Cerning; C. Bouillanne; M. J. Desmazeaud; Michèle Landon

    1986-01-01

    Summary Lactobacillus bulgaricus strains grown on skim milk produce a viscosifying exocellular watersoluble heteropolysaccharide composed of galactose, glucose and rhamnose in an approximately molar ratio of 4:1:1. The molecular weight is approximately 500.000.

  10. Electron Micrograph of the Meat Spoilage Bacterium Lactobacillus sake

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    American Society For Microbiology

    2003-09-22

    This image is of the meat spoilage bacterium Lactobacillus sake. This strain was originally isolated from a vacuum-packaged meat product. To enhance its aesthetic appeal, the original black and white image was colored using Adobe Photoshop.

  11. Fermented milks from Enterococcus faecalis TH563 and Lactobacillus delbrueckii

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    Note Fermented milks from Enterococcus faecalis TH563 and Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp the ACE-inhibitory and immunomodulatory activities were analysed in milks fermented by two bacterial of peptide fractions (fermented milks. Concanavalin A (conA), a known

  12. Quality attributes of yogurt with Lactobacillus casei and various prebiotics

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kayanush J. Aryana; Paula McGrew

    2007-01-01

    The objective was to determine the effect of chain length of inulins on the characteristics of fat-free plain yogurt manufactured with Lactobacillus casei. Probiotic fat-free plain yogurts were manufactured using Streptococcus thermophilus, Lactobacillus bulgaricus and L. casei. The treatments were inulins of short (P95), medium (GR) and long (HP) chain lengths. The inulins were incorporated at a concentration of 1.5g\\/100g

  13. Effects of feeding lactobacillus GG on lethal irradiation in mice

    SciTech Connect

    Dong, M.Y.; Chang, T.W.; Gorbach, S.L.

    1987-05-01

    Mice exposed to 1400 rads of total body irradiation experienced 80%-100% mortality in 2 wk. Bacteremia was demonstrated in all dead animals. Feeding Lactobacillus GG strain reduced Pseudomonas bacteremia and prolonged survival time in animals colonized with this organism. In animals not colonized with Pseudomonas, feeding Lactobacillus GG also produced some reduction in early deaths, and there was less Gram-negative bacteremia in these animals compared with controls.

  14. Antioxidative potential of folate producing probiotic Lactobacillus helveticus CD6

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jayesh Jagannath Ahire; Narendra Uttamrao Mokashe; Hemant Jagatrao Patil; Bhushan Liladhar Chaudhari

    Folate producing Lactobacillus sp. CD6 isolated from fermented milk showed 98% similarity with Lactobacillus helveticus based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis. It was found to produce a folic acid derivative 5-methyl tetrahydrofolate (5-MeTHF).\\u000a The intracellular cell-free extract of strain demonstrated antioxidative activity with the inhibition rate of ascorbate autoxidation\\u000a in the range of 27.5%?±?3.7%. It showed highest metal ion

  15. Phage-related DNA polymorphism in dairy and probiotic Lactobacillus

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K Brandt; A Tilsala-Timisjärvi; T Alatossava

    2001-01-01

    Various DNA-based methods are presently being applied for identification of industrial bacterial cultures including dairy starter and probiotic strains of Lactobacillus. The success of strain-specific identification depends on the power of the DNA-based methods to reveal intraspecies DNA polymorphism. This study reveals that all eleven arbitrarily chosen Lactobacillus rhamnosus starter, laboratory and probiotic strains contain Lb. rhamnosus phage Lc-Nu related

  16. Lactobacillus faecis sp. nov., isolated from animal faeces.

    PubMed

    Endo, Akihito; Irisawa, Tomohiro; Futagawa-Endo, Yuka; Salminen, Seppo; Ohkuma, Moriya; Dicks, Leon

    2013-12-01

    Three lactic acid bacteria were isolated from faeces of a jackal (Canis mesomelas) and raccoons (Procyron lotor). The isolates formed a subcluster in the Lactobacillus salivarius phylogenetic group, closely related to Lactobacillus animalis, Lactobacillus apodemi and Lactobacillus murinus, by phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA and recA gene sequences. Levels of DNA-DNA relatedness revealed that the isolates belonged to the same taxon and were genetically separated from their phylogenetic relatives. The three strains were non-motile, obligately homofermentative and produced l-lactic acid as the main end-product from d-glucose. The strains metabolized raffinose. The major cellular fatty acids in the three strains were C16?:?0, C18?:?1?9c and C19?:?1 cyclo 9,10. Based on the data provided, it is concluded that the three strains represent a novel species of the genus Lactobacillus, for which the name Lactobacillus faecis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is AFL13-2(T) (?=?JCM 17300(T)?=?DSM 23956(T)). PMID:23907223

  17. Lactobacillus suntoryeus sp. nov., isolated from malt whisky distilleries.

    PubMed

    Cachat, Elise; Priest, Fergus G

    2005-01-01

    Eight strains of Lactobacillus with identical partial 16S rRNA gene sequences and similar randomly amplified polymorphic DNA patterns were isolated from fermentation samples from Japanese and Scottish malt whisky distilleries. Phylogenetic analysis of almost complete 16S rRNA gene sequences from three representative strains (two from Japan, one from Scotland) placed them in the genus Lactobacillus as members of the Lactobacillus acidophilus group. Lactobacillus helveticus and Lactobacillus gallinarum were the most closely related species, with 16S rRNA gene similarities of 99.3 and 98.1 %, respectively. A similar phylogeny was derived from partial sequences of elongation factor Tu (tuf) genes in which the alleles from the three distillery isolates were identical and shared 99.0 % similarity with L. helveticus and L. gallinarum tuf genes. S-layer (slp) gene sequences suggested different relationships among the strains and the distillery isolates no longer formed a monophyletic group. The alleles from the Japanese and Scottish strains shared only 54 % similarity. Chromosomal DNA from the distillery strains gave DNA-DNA hybridization values between 79 and 100 % but showed less than 43 and 22 % reassociation with L. helveticus and L. gallinarum DNA, respectively. The name Lactobacillus suntoryeus sp. nov. is proposed for this novel taxon; the type strain is strain SAT (=LMG 22464T=NCIMB 14005T). PMID:15653849

  18. Cholesterol Assimilation by Lactobacillus Probiotic Bacteria: An In Vitro Investigation

    PubMed Central

    Jones, Mitchell L.; Shah, Divya; Jain, Poonam; Saha, Shyamali; Prakash, Satya

    2014-01-01

    Excess cholesterol is associated with cardiovascular diseases (CVD), an important cause of mortality worldwide. Current CVD therapeutic measures, lifestyle and dietary interventions, and pharmaceutical agents for regulating cholesterol levels are inadequate. Probiotic bacteria have demonstrated potential to lower cholesterol levels by different mechanisms, including bile salt hydrolase activity, production of compounds that inhibit enzymes such as 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A, and cholesterol assimilation. This work investigates 11 Lactobacillus strains for cholesterol assimilation. Probiotic strains for investigation were selected from the literature: Lactobacillus reuteri NCIMB 11951, L. reuteri NCIMB 701359, L. reuteri NCIMB 702655, L. reuteri NCIMB 701089, L. reuteri NCIMB 702656, Lactobacillus fermentum NCIMB 5221, L. fermentum NCIMB 8829, L. fermentum NCIMB 2797, Lactobacillus rhamnosus ATCC 53103 GG, Lactobacillus acidophilus ATCC 314, and Lactobacillus plantarum ATCC 14917. Cholesterol assimilation was investigated in culture media and under simulated intestinal conditions. The best cholesterol assimilator was L. plantarum ATCC 14917 (15.18 ± 0.55?mg/1010?cfu) in MRS broth. L. reuteri NCIMB 701089 assimilated over 67% (2254.70 ± 63.33?mg/1010?cfu) of cholesterol, the most of all the strains, under intestinal conditions. This work demonstrates that probiotic bacteria can assimilate cholesterol under intestinal conditions, with L. reuteri NCIMB 701089 showing great potential as a CVD therapeutic. PMID:25295259

  19. Sites of Cellular Autolysis in Lactobacillus acidophilus

    PubMed Central

    Higgins, M. L.; Coyette, J.; Shockman, G. D.

    1973-01-01

    Ultrastructural changes which occur during cellular autolysis of Lactobacillus acidophilus strain 63AM Gasser in 0.05 M citrate buffer, pH 5.0, were examined. Early in the process, randomly distributed electron-dense patches were seen on the wall surface, along with an accompanying eversion of mesosomes. Later, after a loss of about 20% of the initial cellular turbidity, dissolution from the outside of nascent cross walls was seen. This observation was related to the normal process of cell separation. After this stage, short lengths of the cylindrical portion of the wall appeared to be completely removed in a random manner over the entire surface. This dissolution produced gaps in the wall which allowed the extrusion of membrane and cytoplasm. Although membrane was usually extruded through one major, polar, subpolar, or septal site, other secondary points of membrane extrusion were also frequently seen in the same cell section. Images PMID:4201773

  20. Protoplast formation and regeneration in Lactobacillus delbrueckii.

    PubMed

    Singhvi, Mamta; Joshi, Dipti; Gaikaiwari, Shalaka; Gokhale, Digambar V

    2010-03-01

    Method for production and regeneration of Lactobacillus delbrueckii protoplasts are described. The protoplasts were obtained by treatment with a mixture of lysozyme and mutanolysin in protoplast buffer at pH 6.5 with different osmotic stabilizers. The protoplasts were regenerated on deMan, Rogosa and Sharpe (MRS) with various osmotic stabilizers. Maximum protoplast formation was obtained in protoplast buffer with sucrose as an osmotic stabilizer using a combination of lysozyme (1 mg/ml) and mutanolysin (10 ?g/ml). Maximum protoplast regeneration was obtained on MRS medium with sucrose (0.5 M) as an osmotic stabilizer. The regeneration medium was also applicable to other species of lactobacilli as well. This is, to our knowledge, the first report on protoplast formation and efficient regeneration in case of L. delbrueckii. PMID:23100814

  1. Cytoprotective agent in Lactobacillus bulgaricus extracts.

    PubMed

    Johns, Paul; Pereira, Suzette L; Leonard, Amanda E; Mukerji, Pradip; Shalwitz, Robert A; Dowlati, Lobat; Phillips, Rosalyn R; Bergana, Marti S; Holton, Jason D; Das, Tapas

    2007-02-01

    Adenosine 5'-diphosphoribose (ADP-ribose) has been identified as a significant contributor to the anti-cytotoxic activity of Lactobacillus bulgaricus extracts. Although the biological activities associated with the administration of probiotic bacteria and components thereof are sometimes attributed to the peptidoglycans that comprise a substantial portion of the Gram-positive bacterial cell wall, we found that the beta-nicotine adenine dinucleotide (NAD) hydrolysis product ADP-ribose was a significant contributor to the observed anti-cytotoxicity in our L. bulgaricus extracts. The ADP-ribose was isolated, identified, and quantitated by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. ADP-ribose levels as low as 5 mg/L exhibited a measurable inhibition of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) mediated cytotoxicity in an in vitro cell assay, whereas the ADP-ribose content of the L. bulgaricus extracts often exceeded 5 mg/g dry weight. PMID:17211541

  2. Molecular Characterization of Lactobacillus plantarum DMDL 9010, a Strain with Efficient Nitrite Degradation Capacity

    PubMed Central

    Fei, Yong-tao; Liu, Dong-mei; Luo, Tong-hui; Chen, Gu; Wu, Hui; Li, Li; Yu, Yi-gang

    2014-01-01

    Nitrites commonly found in food, especially in fermented vegetables, are potential carcinogens. Therefore, limiting nitrites in food is critically important for food safety. A Lactobacillus strain (Lactobacillus sp. DMDL 9010) was previously isolated from fermented vegetables by our group, and is not yet fully characterized. A number of phenotypical and genotypical approaches were employed to characterize Lactobacillus sp. DMDL 9010. Its nitrite degradation capacity was compared with four other Lactobacillus strains, including Lactobacillus casei subsp. rhamnosus 719, Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricu 1.83, Streptococcus thermophilus 1.204, and lactobacillus plantarum 8140, on MRS medium. Compared to these four Lactobacillus strains, Lactobacillus sp. DMDL 9010 had a significantly higher nitrite degradation capacity (P<0.001). Based on 16S rDNA sequencing and sequence comparison, Lactobacillus sp. DMDL 9010 was identified as either Lactobacillus plantarum or Lactobacillus pentosus. To further identify this strain, the flanking regions (922 bp and 806 bp upstream and downstream, respectively) of the L-lactate dehydrogenase 1 (L-ldh1) gene were amplified and sequenced. Lactobacillus sp. DMDL 9010 had 98.92 and 76.98% sequence identity in the upstream region with L. plantarum WCFS1 and L. pentosus IG1, respectively, suggesting that Lactobacillu sp. DMDL 9010 is an L. plantarum strain. It was therefore named L. plantarum DMDL 9010. Our study provides a platform for genetic engineering of L. plantarum DMDL 9010, in order to further improve its nitrite degradation capacity. PMID:25423449

  3. 21 CFR 184.1924 - Urease enzyme preparation from Lactobacillus fermentum.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Urease enzyme preparation from Lactobacillus fermentum...Affirmed as GRAS § 184.1924 Urease enzyme preparation from Lactobacillus fermentum. (a) This enzyme preparation is derived from the...

  4. 21 CFR 184.1924 - Urease enzyme preparation from Lactobacillus fermentum.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Urease enzyme preparation from Lactobacillus fermentum...Affirmed as GRAS § 184.1924 Urease enzyme preparation from Lactobacillus fermentum. (a) This enzyme preparation is derived from the...

  5. 21 CFR 184.1924 - Urease enzyme preparation from Lactobacillus fermentum.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Urease enzyme preparation from Lactobacillus fermentum...Affirmed as GRAS § 184.1924 Urease enzyme preparation from Lactobacillus fermentum. (a) This enzyme preparation is derived from the...

  6. 21 CFR 184.1924 - Urease enzyme preparation from Lactobacillus fermentum.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Urease enzyme preparation from Lactobacillus fermentum...Affirmed as GRAS § 184.1924 Urease enzyme preparation from Lactobacillus fermentum. (a) This enzyme preparation is derived from the...

  7. pH-induced Structural Changes Regulate Histidine Decarboxylase Activity in Lactobacillus 30a

    E-print Network

    pH-induced Structural Changes Regulate Histidine Decarboxylase Activity in Lactobacillus 30a Histidine decarboxylase (HDC) from Lactobacillus 30a produces hista- mine that is essential to counter waste

  8. Lactobacillus fornicalis sp. nov., isolated from the posterior fornix of the human vagina.

    PubMed

    Dicks, L M; Silvester, M; Lawson, P A; Collins, M D

    2000-05-01

    Twelve strains isolated from the posterior fornix fluid of the human vagina were identified as Lactobacillus johnsonii, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus gallinarum and Lactobacillus crispatus based on numerical analyses of total soluble cell protein profiles and randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD)-PCR banding patterns. Five strains grouped with the type strains of Lactobacillus gasseri (DSM 20077T) and Lactobacillus jensenii (DSM 20557T) at r > or = 0.83 in one protein profile cluster, well separated from the other species included in this study. However, numerical analysis of the RAPD-PCR banding patterns of representative strains selected from the L. gasseri-L. jensenii protein cluster clearly indicated that they belong to two different species. Four strains (TV 1010, TG 1013, TV 1018T and TV 1045) grouped into another well separated protein profile cluster at r > or = 0.87. Strains selected from this cluster displayed very similar RAPD-PCR banding patterns and clustered at R2 > or = 0.78, separate from the other strains examined. Sequencing of the 16S rRNA of two representative strains, TV 1018T and TG 1013, of this group indicated that it represents a new member of rRNA group I Lactobacillus, which includes Lactobacillus delbrueckii, the type of the genus, and close relatives Lactobacillus acetotolerans, Lactobacillus kefiranofaciens, Lactobacillus iners, L. jensenii, L. crispatus, L. acidophilus, Lactobacillus helveticus, Lactobacillus amylovorus, Lactobacillus hamsteri, L. johnsonii, L. gasseri and Lactobacillus amylolyticus. The name Lactobacillus fornicalis sp. nov. is proposed for strains TV 1010 (DSM 13172), TG 1013, TV 1018T and TV 1045, with strain TV 1018T (= DSM 13171T = ATCC 700934T) as the type. PMID:10843070

  9. Applicability of rep-PCR ngerprinting for identication of Lactobacillus species

    E-print Network

    Gent, Universiteit

    Applicability of rep-PCR ¢ngerprinting for identi¢cation of Lactobacillus species Dirk Gevers a. Using this rapid and reproducible genotypic technique, new Lactobacillus isolates recovered from. Keywords: Identi¢cation; Fermented dry sausage; (GTG)5-PCR; DNA extraction; Lactobacillus 1. Introduction

  10. In vitro conjugal transfer of tetracycline resistance from Lactobacillus isolates to other Gram-positive bacteria

    E-print Network

    Gent, Universiteit

    In vitro conjugal transfer of tetracycline resistance from Lactobacillus isolates to other Gram June 2003 First published online 9 July 2003 Abstract The ability of 14 Lactobacillus strains, isolated was examined using filter mating experiments. Seven out of 14 tetracycline-resistant Lactobacillus isolates

  11. In vivo assessment of the potential protective effect of Lactobacillus casei Shirota

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    Note In vivo assessment of the potential protective effect of Lactobacillus casei Shirota against are still not well understood. The objectives of this work were (1) to assess the ability of Lactobacillus of the ability of Lactobacillus casei Shirota to bind AFB1 into the bacterial cell envelope. The images also

  12. Draft Genome Sequence of Lactobacillus hominis Strain CRBIP 24.179T, Isolated from Human Intestine

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Draft Genome Sequence of Lactobacillus hominis Strain CRBIP 24.179T, Isolated from Human Intestine genome sequence of the strain Lactobacillus hominis CRBIP 24.179T, isolated from a human clinical sample, Clermont D, Loux V, Bizet C, Bouchier C. 2013. Draft genome sequence of Lactobacillus hominis strain CRBIP

  13. The predicted secretome of Lactobacillus plantarum WCFS1 sheds light on interactions with

    E-print Network

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    The predicted secretome of Lactobacillus plantarum WCFS1 sheds light on interactions with its August 2006 Accepted 17 August 2006 The predicted extracellular proteins of the bacterium Lactobacillus into the function of extracellular proteins. INTRODUCTION Lactobacillus plantarum is a versatile and widespread

  14. Dose-Dependent Immunomodulation of Human Dendritic Cells by the Probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    Dose-Dependent Immunomodulation of Human Dendritic Cells by the Probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus, Lactobacillus rhamnosus Lcr35, on human monocyte-derived immature DCs, using a wide range of bacterial by the Probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus Lcr35. PLoS ONE 6(4): e18735. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0018735 Editor

  15. Use of lac regulatory elements for gene expression in Lactobacillus casei

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Proteome Use of lac regulatory elements for gene expression in Lactobacillus casei María José, Spain Abstract -- The lactose operon, lacTEGF, of Lactobacillus casei ssp. casei ATCC393 [pLZ15 of the lactose operon. Lactobacillus / lactose expression system / replicative vector / integrative vector Résumé

  16. Structure and Cooperativity of a T-State Mutant of Histidine Decarboxylase From Lactobacillus 30a

    E-print Network

    Structure and Cooperativity of a T-State Mutant of Histidine Decarboxylase From Lactobacillus 30a ABSTRACT Histidine decarboxylase (HDC) from Lactobacillus 30a converts histidine to hista- mine, a process INTRODUCTION Lactobacillus 30a are lactic acid-producing bacteria. As they metabolize, their secretion of acid

  17. Anti-Inflammatory Lactobacillus rhamnosus CNCM I-3690 Strain Protects against Oxidative Stress and Increases

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Anti-Inflammatory Lactobacillus rhamnosus CNCM I-3690 Strain Protects against Oxidative Stress, identified as Lactobacillus rhamnosus CNCM I-3690, protected worms by increasing their viability by 30% and with HT-29 cells and DC in the presence of LPS. Finally, this Lactobacillus strain reduced inflammation

  18. Biphasic kinetics of growth and bacteriocin production with Lactobacillus amylovorus DCE

    E-print Network

    Gent, Universiteit

    Biphasic kinetics of growth and bacteriocin production with Lactobacillus amylovorus DCE 471 occur more tolerant to the environmental conditions. Cultivation of Lactobacillus amylovorus DCE 471, 1997). Lactobacillus amylovorus DCE 471, an isolate from corn steep liquor, has been shown to produce

  19. Recombinant lactobacillus for fermentation of xylose to lactic acid and lactate

    DOEpatents

    Picataggio, S.K.; Zhang, M.; Franden, M.A.; McMillan, J.D.; Finkelstein, M.

    1998-08-25

    A recombinant Lactobacillus MONT4 is provided which has been genetically engineered with xylose isomerase and xylulokinase genes from Lactobacillus pentosus to impart to the Lactobacillus MONT4 the ability to ferment lignocellulosic biomass containing xylose to lactic acid. 4 figs.

  20. Bacterial Cell Wall-Induced Arthritis: Chemical Composition and Tissue Distribution of Four Lactobacillus Strains

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Rimpilainen; L. Lehtonen; X. Zhang; P. Toivanen

    2000-01-01

    To study what determines the arthritogenicity of bacterial cell walls, cell wall-induced arthritis in the rat was applied, using four strains of Lactobacillus. Three of the strains used proved to induce chronic arthritis in the rat; all were Lactobacillus casei. The cell wall of Lactobacillus fermentum did not induce chronic arthritis. All arthritogenic bacterial cell walls had the same peptidoglycan

  1. Deoxyribonucleic Acid Homology Studies of Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus paracasei sp. nov., subsp. paracasei and subsp. tolerans, and Lactobacillus rhamnosus sp. nov., comb. nov

    Microsoft Academic Search

    MATTHEW D. COLLINS; BRIAN A. PHILLIPS; PAOLO ZANONI

    Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)-DNA hybridizations were performed on strains of Lactobacillus casei. Our results indicate that this species as presently constituted is genomically very heterogeneous. The majority of strains designated L. casei subsp. casei, together with members of L. casei subsp. alactosus, L. casei subsp. pseudoplantarum, and L. casei subsp. tolerans, exhibited high levels of DNA relatedness with each other but

  2. Different immune regulatory potential of Lactobacillus plantarum and Lactobacillus sakei isolated from Kimchi.

    PubMed

    Hong, Yi-Fan; Kim, Hangeun; Kim, Hye Rim; Gim, Min Geun; Chung, Dae Kyun

    2014-12-28

    It is known that lactic acid bacteria (LAB) have many beneficial health effects, including antioxidative activity and immune regulation. In this study, the immune regulatory effects of Lactobacillus sakei and Lactobacillus plantarum, which are found in different types of kimchi, were evaluated. L. sakei and its lipoteichoic acid (LTA) have greater immune stimulating potential in IL-12, IFN-?, and TNF-? production as compared with L. plantarum in an in vitro condition. On the other hand, L. plantarum is assumed to repress the Th1 immune response in murine experiments. After being injected with LPS, L. plantarum-fed mice maintained a healthier state, and the level of TNF-? in their blood was lower than in other bacterial strainfed mice and in the LPS-only control mice. Additionally, IL-12 production was significantly decreased and the production of IL-4 was greatly increased in the splenocytes from L. plantarum-fed mice. Further experiments revealed that the pre-injection of purified LTA from L. plantarum (pLTA), L. sakei (sLTA), and S. aureus (aLTA) decreased TNF-? and IL-4 production in LPS-injected mice. Mouse IL-12, however, was significantly increased by aLTA pre-injection. In conclusion, the L. sakei and L. plantarum strains have immune regulation effects, but the effects differ in cytokine production and the regulatory effects of the Th1/Th2 immune response. PMID:25112321

  3. Probiotic features of two oral Lactobacillus isolates

    PubMed Central

    Zavisic, Gordana; Petricevic, Sasa; Radulovic, Zeljka; Begovic, Jelena; Golic, Natasa; Topisirovic, Ljubisa; Strahinic, Ivana

    2012-01-01

    In this study, we checked lactobacilli strains of human origin for their potential as probiotic. Samples were collected from oral mucosa of 16 healthy individuals, out of which twenty isolates were obtained and two of them were selected and identified as Lactobacillus plantarum (G1) and L. casei (G3). Both isolates exhibited antagonistic action towards pathogenic microorganisms such as Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, Salmonella abony, and Clostridium sporogenes, but not on the growth of Candida albicans. The bacteriocin activity against Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 6358-P was shown only by L. plantarum G1. Moreover, the isolates G1 and G3 showed good viability in the acid gastric environment and in the gut environment containing bovine bile salts. The viability of G1 and G3 isolates in the gastrointestinal tract, and the adhesion to the intestinal mucosa were also confirmed in vivo. The biochemical tests of blood samples revealed lower levels of serum triglycerides and cholesterol, as well as reduced activity of alkaline phosphatase in all lactobacilli-treated Wistar rats, compared to control ones. No toxicity for NMRI Ham mice was observed. According to our experimental results, these findings imply that L. plantarum G1 and L. casei G3 could be characterized as potential probiotics. PMID:24031847

  4. Genome Instability in Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG

    PubMed Central

    Molenaar, Douwe; van IJcken, Wilfred; Venema, Koen

    2013-01-01

    We describe here a comparative genome analysis of three dairy product isolates of Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) and the ATCC 53103 reference strain to the published genome sequence of L. rhamnosus GG. The analysis showed that in two of three isolates, major DNA segments were missing from the genomic islands LGGISL1,2. The deleted DNA segments consist of 34 genes in one isolate and 84 genes in the other and are flanked by identical insertion elements. Among the missing genes are the spaCBA genes, which encode pilin subunits involved in adhesion to mucus and persistence of the strains in the human intestinal tract. Subsequent quantitative PCR analyses of six commercial probiotic products confirmed that two more products contain a heterogeneous population of L. rhamnosus GG variants, including genotypes with or without spaC. These results underline the relevance for quality assurance and control measures targeting genome stability in probiotic strains and justify research assessing the effect of genetic rearrangements in probiotics on the outcome of in vitro and in vivo efficacy studies. PMID:23354703

  5. Genome sequence and analysis of Lactobacillus helveticus

    PubMed Central

    Cremonesi, Paola; Chessa, Stefania; Castiglioni, Bianca

    2013-01-01

    The microbiological characterization of lactobacilli is historically well developed, but the genomic analysis is recent. Because of the widespread use of Lactobacillus helveticus in cheese technology, information concerning the heterogeneity in this species is accumulating rapidly. Recently, the genome of five L. helveticus strains was sequenced to completion and compared with other genomically characterized lactobacilli. The genomic analysis of the first sequenced strain, L. helveticus DPC 4571, isolated from cheese and selected for its characteristics of rapid lysis and high proteolytic activity, has revealed a plethora of genes with industrial potential including those responsible for key metabolic functions such as proteolysis, lipolysis, and cell lysis. These genes and their derived enzymes can facilitate the production of cheese and cheese derivatives with potential for use as ingredients in consumer foods. In addition, L. helveticus has the potential to produce peptides with a biological function, such as angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory activity, in fermented dairy products, demonstrating the therapeutic value of this species. A most intriguing feature of the genome of L. helveticus is the remarkable similarity in gene content with many intestinal lactobacilli. Comparative genomics has allowed the identification of key gene sets that facilitate a variety of lifestyles including adaptation to food matrices or the gastrointestinal tract. As genome sequence and functional genomic information continues to explode, key features of the genomes of L. helveticus strains continue to be discovered, answering many questions but also raising many new ones. PMID:23335916

  6. Acute acalculous cholecystitis complicated with peritonitis caused by Lactobacillus plantarum.

    PubMed

    Tena, Daniel; Martínez, Nora Mariela; Losa, Cristina; Fernández, Cristina; Medina, María José; Sáez-Nieto, Juan Antonio

    2013-08-01

    Lactobacillus spp. rarely causes human disease. We report a case of a 57-year-old man with non-insulin-dependent diabetes and vascular disease admitted to our hospital with severe abdominal pain and fever. Signs of peritonitis were found upon examination. The patient underwent surgery, and a diagnosis of perforated cholecystitis with purulent peritonitis was made intra-operatively. A cholecystectomy was performed, and therapy with imipenem was initiated. Lactobacillus plantarum was isolated from bile and peritoneal fluid cultures 2 days later. The patient recovered well and was discharged on post-operative day 16 after 14 days of treatment with imipenem. To our knowledge, this is the second case reported of acute cholecystitis caused by Lactobacillus spp. This organism should be considered as a cause of biliary infections, especially in patients with underlying diseases. Correct identification is often difficult, but it is very important because these organisms are usually resistant to vancomycin and other antibiotics. PMID:23886436

  7. Quantitative transcript analysis of the inducible expression system pSIP: comparison of the overexpression of Lactobacillus spp. ?-galactosidases in Lactobacillus plantarum

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tien-Thanh Nguyen; Thu-Ha Nguyen; Thomas Maischberger; Philipp Schmelzer; Geir Mathiesen; Vincent GH Eijsink; Dietmar Haltrich; Clemens K Peterbauer

    2011-01-01

    Background  Two sets of overlapping genes, lacLMReu and lacLMAci, encoding heterodimeric ?-galactosidases from Lactobacillus reuteri and Lactobacillus acidophilus, respectively, have previously been cloned and expressed using the pSIP vector system and Lactobacillus plantarum WCSF1 as host. Despite the high similarity between these lacLM genes and the use of identical cloning and expression strategies, strains harboring lacLMReu produced about twenty-fold more ?-galactosidase

  8. Characterisation of the microbiota of rice sourdoughs and description of Lactobacillus spicheri sp. nov.

    PubMed

    Meroth, Christiane B; Hammes, Walter P; Hertel, Christian

    2004-03-01

    The microbiota of two industrially processed rice sourdoughs was characterised by bacteriological culture in combination with PCR-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) and 16S/28S rDNA sequence analysis. Rice sourdough I was continuously propagated for several years by back-slopping every week, whereas sourdough II was processed by using a commercial starter culture and back-slopping daily for three days. In rice sourdough II Candida krusei and Saccharomyces cerevisiae as well as Lactobacillus fermentum, Lactobacillus gallinarum, Lactobacillus kimchii, Lactobacillus plantarum, and Lactobacillus pontis dominated at the first day of fermentation. RAPD analysis of lactobacilli revealed identical profiles for each of the species except for L. fermentum and L. pontis indicating the presence of different strains. Fluctuations within the LAB community during fermentation were monitored by PCR-DGGE. L. pontis decreased in numbers over time and L. curvatus became dominant after 3 days of fermentation. Rice sourdough I contained S. cerevisiae, Lactobacillus paracasei (present with three different RAPD types), Lactobacillus paralimentarius, and a Lactobacillus strain which could not be allotted to any valid species. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rDNA sequences revealed Lactobacillus brevis as the closest relative (97.3% sequence similarity). Differences in some phenotypic characteristics and DNA-DNA relatedness indicated that the strain represents a new Lactobacillus species, for which the name Lactobacillus spicheri is proposed. PMID:15046303

  9. Vaginal Lactobacillus: biofilm formation in vivo - clinical implications.

    PubMed

    Ventolini, Gary

    2015-01-01

    Vaginal lactobacilli provide protection against intrusive pathogenic bacteria. Some Lactobacillus spp. produce in vitro a thick, protective biofilm. We report in vivo formation of biofilm by vaginal Lactobacillus jensenii. The biofilm formation was captured in fresh wet-mount microscopic samples from asymptomatic patients after treatment for recurrent bacterial vaginitis. In vivo documentation of biofilm formation is in our opinion noteworthy, and has significant clinical implications, among which are the possibility to isolate, grow, and therapeutically utilize lactobacilli to prevent recurrent vaginal infections and preterm labor associated with vaginal microbial pathogens. PMID:25733930

  10. Trans fatty acids promote the growth of some Lactobacillus strains.

    PubMed

    Endo, Yasushi; Kamisada, Shusuke; Fujimoto, Kenshiro; Saito, Tadao

    2006-02-01

    Five Lactobacillus strains (2 L. gasseri, 2 L. plantarum and 1 L. reuteri) were cultured in modified MRS medium containing fatty acids (FAs) instead of Tween 80 for 24 h at 37 degrees C, to learn the effect of saturated and unsaturated FAs on the Lactobacillus growth. Free FAs included palmitic (16:0), palmitoleic (c9-16:1), stearic (18:0), oleic (c9-18:1), elaidic (t9-18:1), cis-vaccenic (c11-18:1), vaccenic (t11-18:1), linoleic (c9, c12-18:2), conjugated linoleic (c9, t11- and t10, c12-18:2), alpha-linolenic (c9, c12, c15-18:3), alpha-eleostearic (c9, t11, t13-18:3), eicosapentaenoic (20:5), and docosahexaenoic (22:6) acids. Among free FAs, oleic acid stimulated the growth of all Lactobacillus strains, whereas palmitoleic acid had almost no affect on the Lactobacillus growth. Saturated FAs such as stearic and palmitic acids inhibited or did not affect the Lactobacillus growth. Polyunsaturated FAs such as alpha-linolenic, eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids strongly inhibited the Lactobacillus growth at 7.6 x 10(-4) m. Octadecenoic acids such as oleic, elaidic, cis-vaccenic and vaccenic acids remarkably promoted the growth of L. gasseri, regardless of the different double bond positions and configurations. When oleic or cis-vaccenic acid was incubated with L. gasseri, the FAs was transformed to cyclopropane FAs (methyleneoctadecanoic acids) after incorporation into the cells. On the other hand, trans FAs such as elaidic and vaccenic acids incorporated into the cells were not converted to another FAs. Conjugated linoleic and alpha-eleostearic acids having a trans double bond promoted the Lactobacillus growth. The growth of L. gasseri was also stimulated by trans-rich free FAs from hydrogenated canola and fish oils. These results showed that octadecenoic acid and trans FAs had strong promotion activities for the Lactobacillus growth due to their incorporation into membrane lipids. PMID:16598156

  11. Crystal structure of tannase from Lactobacillus plantarum.

    PubMed

    Ren, Bin; Wu, Mingbo; Wang, Qin; Peng, Xiaohong; Wen, Hua; McKinstry, William J; Chen, Qianming

    2013-08-01

    Tannins are water-soluble polyphenolic compounds in plants. Hydrolyzable tannins are derivatives of gallic acid (3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoic acid) or its meta-depsidic forms that are esterified to polyol, catechin, or triterpenoid units. Tannases are a family of esterases that catalyze the hydrolysis of the galloyl ester bond in hydrolyzable tannins to release gallic acid. The enzymes have found wide applications in food, feed, beverage, pharmaceutical, and chemical industries since their discovery more than a century ago, although little is known about them at the molecular level, including the details of the catalytic and substrate binding sites. Here, we report the first three-dimensional structure of a tannase from Lactobacillus plantarum. The enzyme displays an ?/? structure, featured by a large cap domain inserted into the classical serine hydrolase fold. A catalytic triad was identified in the structure, which is composed of Ser163, His451, and Asp419. During the binding of gallic acid, the carboxyl group of the molecule forges hydrogen-bonding interactions with the catalytic triad of the enzyme while the three hydroxyl groups make contacts with Asp421, Lys343, and Glu357 to form another hydrogen-bonding network. Mutagenesis studies demonstrated that these residues are indispensable for the activity of the enzyme. Structural studies of the enzyme in complex with a number of substrates indicated that the interactions at the galloyl binding site are the determinant force for the binding of substrates. The single galloyl binding site is responsible for the esterase and depsidase activities of the enzyme. PMID:23648840

  12. Protein O-glucosylation in Lactobacillus buchneri

    PubMed Central

    Anzengruber, Julia; Pabst, Martin; Neumann, Laura; Sekot, Gerhard; Heinl, Stefan; Grabherr, Reingard; Altmann, Friedrich; Messner, Paul; Schäffer, Christina

    2015-01-01

    Based on the previous demonstration of surface (S-) layer protein glycosylation in Lactobacillus buchneri 41021/251 and because of general advantages of lactic acid bacteria for applied research, protein glycosylation in this bacterial species was investigated in detail. The cell surface of L. buchneri CD034 is completely covered with an oblique 2D crystalline array (lattice parameters, a =5.9 nm; b =6.2 nm; ? ~ 77°) formed by self-assembly of the S-layer protein SlpB. Biochemical and mass spectrometric analyses revealed that SlpB is the most abundant protein and that it is O-glycosylated at four serine residues within the sequence S152-A-S154-S155-A-S157 with, on average, seven Glc(?1-6) residues, each. Subcellular fractionation of strain CD034 indicated a sequential order of SlpB export and glucosylation as evidenced by lack of glucosylation of cytosolic SlpB. Protein glycosylation analysis was extended to strain L. buchneri NRRL B-30929 where an analogous glucosylation scenario could be detected, with the S-layer glycoprotein SlpN containing an O-glycosylation motif identical to that of SlpB. This corroborates previous data on S-layer protein glucosylation of strain 41021/251 and let us propose a species-wide S-layer protein O-glucosylation in L. buchneri targeted at the sequence motif S-A-S-S-A-S. Search of the L. buchneri genomes for the said glucosylation motif revealed one further ORF, encoding the putative glycosyl-hydrolase LbGH25B and LbGH25N in L. buchneri CD034 and NRRL B-30929, respectively, for which we have indications of a glycosylation comparable to that of the S-layer proteins. These findings demonstrate the presence of a distinct protein O-glucosylation system in Gram-positive and beneficial microbes. PMID:24162649

  13. Antibacterial activity of Lactobacillus acidophilus and Lactobacillus casei against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA).

    PubMed

    Karska-Wysocki, Barbara; Bazo, Mari; Smoragiewicz, Wanda

    2010-10-20

    Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a multidrug-resistant microorganism and the principal nosocomial pathogen worldwide. The antibacterial activity of lactic acid bacteria against MRSA from ten human clinical isolates as well as MRSA standard strain ATCC 43300 was tested in vitro. The Lactobacillus (Lb.) strains (Lb. acidophilus CL1285(®) and Lb. casei LBC80R) as pure cultures, which came from commercial food products were employed. The growth inhibitory effect produced by the antimicrobial activity of the lactic acid bacteria on the MRSA strains was tested on solid medium using agar diffusion methods as well as a using a liquid medium procedure that contained a mixture of MRSA and lactic acid bacteria cultures. In the latter instance, we were able to demonstrate that the direct interaction of lactic acid bacteria and MRSA in such a mixture led to the elimination of 99% of the MRSA cells after 24 h of their incubation at 37°C. PMID:20116228

  14. Production of free conjugated linoleic acid by Lactobacillus acidophilus and Lactobacillus casei of human intestinal origin.

    PubMed

    Alonso, L; Cuesta, E P; Gilliland, S E

    2003-06-01

    A gas chromatographic procedure was used for analysis of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers cis-9, trans-11-octadecadienoic; trans-10, cis-12 octadecadienoic; and trans-9, trans-11-octadecadienoic (c9t11, t10c12, t9t11) produced by lactobacilli. Four different cultures, two strains each of Lactobacillus acidophilus and Lactobacillus casei were tested for their ability to produce CLA from free linoleic acid in MRS broth supplemented with linoleic acid. Different concentrations of linoleic acid (0, 0.05, 0.1, 0.2 and 0.5 mg/ml) were added to MRS broth, inoculated with the lactobacilli, and incubated at 37 degrees C. Viable counts and amounts of individual isomers of CLA (c9t11, t10c12, t9t11) were measured at 0, 24, 48, and 72 h. All the cultures were able to produce free CLA in media supplemented with linoleic acid. Maximum production of CLA (80.14 to 131.63 microg/ml) was observed at 24 h of incubation in broth containing 0.02% of free linoleic acid. No significant (P > 0.05) increases in total CLA levels were observed after 24 h of incubation. The ability of the cultures to produce CLA in skim milk supplemented with 0.02% free linoleic acid also was studied. In this medium, the total amounts of free CLA after 24 h of incubation ranged from 54.31 to 116.53 microg/ml. The use of lactic acid bacteria able to form free CLA in cultured dairy products may have potential health or nutritional benefits. Free CLA in the products likely would be more readily available for absorption from the digestive tract than if it were incorporated into the cells of the starter culture. PMID:12836928

  15. Functional properties of Lactobacillus strains isolated from dairy products.

    PubMed

    Buj?áková, Dobroslava; Kme?, Vladimír

    2012-07-01

    Twenty-four acid- and bile-tolerant lactobacilli isolates from dairy products were identified and further in vitro characterized for the presence of functional traits potentially useful for probiotic applications, which included desirable and undesirable traits, such as biofilm formation, ability to inhibit intestinal pathogens, antibiotic susceptibility, and enzyme activity. The majority of examined strains were susceptible to certain antimicrobial agents (streptomycin, gentamicin, clindamycin, erythromycin, tetracycline, quinupristin-dalfopristin), except for three strains of Lactobacillus rhamnosus with minimal inhibitory concentration levels for streptomycin higher than the microbiological breakpoints (?32 ?g/mL), which are considered as resistant. Undesirable traits such as ?-chymotrypsin or N-acetyl-?-glucosaminidase activities were not detected, but low ?-glucuronidase, and moderate and high ?-glucosidase activities were recorded in nine strains, which were eliminated from further examination together with three isolates showing unsuitable antibiotic resistance. Of the remaining 12 isolates, 4 (Lactobacillus fermentum 202, Lactobacillus gallinarum 7001, L. rhamnosus 183, and Lactobacillus plantarum L2-1) manifested an outstanding potential to inhibit selected intestinal pathogens in an agar spot test, including Escherichia coli and Salmonella spp., and simultaneously demonstrated strong biofilm-forming capacity. In conclusion, the results of our in vitro experiments showed that the above four strains had a potential probiotic value and met the criteria to be identified as a possible probiotic microorganism, with the necessity of verification through well-designed in vivo experimental, clinical, and technological studies before the strains can be used as probiotics or as starter probiotic cultures. PMID:22488103

  16. Probiotic-associated aspiration pneumonia due to Lactobacillus rhamnosus.

    PubMed

    Doern, Christopher D; Nguyen, Sean T; Afolabi, Folashade; Burnham, Carey-Ann D

    2014-08-01

    Lactobacilli are low-virulence, commensal organisms of the gastrointestinal and genitourinary tracts and are commonly used as "probiotic supplements." Herein, we describe an episode of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) bronchiolitis with bacterial superinfection secondary to administration of Lactobacillus rhamnosus in an 11-month-old female with trisomy 21. PMID:24899028

  17. Draft genome sequence of probiotic strain Lactobacillus rhamnosus R0011.

    PubMed

    Tompkins, Thomas A; Barreau, Guillaume; de Carvalho, Vanessa G

    2012-02-01

    Lactobacillus rhamnosus R0011 is a commercially available probiotic that is widely used in human dietary supplements and pharmaceutical products. We prepared a draft genome sequence consisting of 10 contigs totaling 2,900,620 bases and a G+C content of 46.7% for this strain. PMID:22275100

  18. Antibacterial Effect of the Adhering Human Lactobacillus acidophilus Strain LB

    Microsoft Academic Search

    MARIE-HELENE COCONNIER; VANESSA LIEVIN; MARIE-FRANCOISE BERNET-CAMARD; SYLVIE HUDAULT; ALAIN L. SERVIN

    1997-01-01

    The spent culture supernatant of the human Lactobacillus acidophilus strain LB produces an antibacterial activity against a wide range of gram-negative and gram-positive pathogens. It decreased the in vitro viability of Staphylococcus aureus, Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella typhimurium, Shigella flexneri, Escherichia coli, Kleb- siella pneumoniae, Bacillus cereus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Enterobacter spp. In contrast, it did not inhibit lactobacilli and bifidobacteria.

  19. Stabilization and Preservation of Lactobacillus acidophilus in Saccharide Matrices

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paul B. Conrad; Danforth P. Miller; Peter R. Cielenski; Juan J. de Pablo

    2000-01-01

    Lyophilization and vacuum- or spray-drying are some of the most useful techniques for preserving foods, agricultural products, and pharmaceuticals. Biological materials, however, can be irreversibly damaged during these treatments. Therefore, it is essential to design protective agents to preserve protein activity and cell viability. In this paper we examine the use of ?,?-trehalose–borate systems as protectants for Lactobacillus acidophilus during

  20. Viable versus inactivated lactobacillus strain GG in acute rotavirus diarrhoea

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M Kaila; E Isolauri; M Saxelin; H Arvilommi; T Vesikari

    1995-01-01

    The effect of viable or heat inactivated human Lactobacillus casei strain GG on rotavirus immune responses in patients with rotavirus diarrhoea was assessed. Rotavirus serum IgA enzyme immunoassay antibody responses were higher in infants treated with viable L casei strain GG than in those treated with inactivated L casei strain GG. There was a significant difference at convalescence with rotavirus

  1. Genome Sequence of Lactobacillus rhamnosus Strain CNCM I-3698

    PubMed Central

    Tareb, R.; Bernardeau, M.

    2015-01-01

    Lactobacillus rhamnosus CNCM I-3698 is a commercially available probiotic that is used in animal feed as an additive. Here, we announce the draft genome sequence for this strain, consisting of 71 contigs corresponding to 2,966,480 bp and a G+C content of 46.69%. PMID:26067954

  2. Adherence of Lactobacillus Species to Human Fetal Intestinal Cells1

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. G. Kleeman; T. R. Klaenhammer

    1982-01-01

    Thirty-two lactobacilli were tested for ability to adhere to a human fetal in- testinal epithelial cell line. By an in vitro system, two adherence mechanisms were found. One mechanism, requiring calcium in the adherence reaction, was nonspecific and allowed all lactobacilli tested to adhere. The other system, not requiring calcium, was found in four strains, all human Lactobacillus acidopbilus isolates.

  3. Efficient Screening Methods for Glucosyltransferase Genes in Lactobacillus Strains

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. KRALJa; G. H. van Geel-Schutten; M. J. E. C. VAN DER MAARELa; L. Dijkhuizen

    2003-01-01

    Limited information is available about homopolysaccharide synthesis in the genus Lactobacillus. Using efficient screening techniques, extracellular glucosyltransferase (GTF) enzyme activity, resulting in ?-glucan synthesis from sucrose, was detected in various lactobacilli. PCR with degenerate primers based on homologous boxes of known glucosyltransferase (gtf) genes of lactic acid bacteria strains allowed cloning of fragments of 10 putative gtf genes from eight

  4. Draft Genome Sequence of Lactobacillus casei Lbs2

    PubMed Central

    Bhowmick, Swati; Malar, Mathu; Das, Abhishek; Kumar Thakur, Bhupesh; Saha, Piu; Rashmi, H. M.; Batish, Virender K.; Grover, Sunita

    2014-01-01

    We report here a 3.2-Mb draft assembled genome of Lactobacillus casei Lbs2. The bacterium shows probiotic and immunomodulatory activities. The genome assembly and annotation will help to identify molecules and pathways responsible for interaction between the host immune system and the microbe. PMID:25540344

  5. Characterization of Lactobacillus isolates from infant faeces as dietary adjuncts

    Microsoft Academic Search

    V Xanthopoulos; E Litopoulou-Tzanetaki; N Tzanetakis

    2000-01-01

    Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei (six strains), Lb. rhamnosus (six strains), Lb. acidophilus (two strains), Lb. gasseri (three strains) and Lb. reuteri (three strains) isolates from new-born infants were tested for their ability to grow and metabolize in milk and to resist specific conditions of the gastrointestinal tract. Many of the tested strains had desirable properties concerning their ability to withstand

  6. Lactobacillus kimchiensis sp. nov., isolated from a fermented food

    E-print Network

    Bae, Jin-Woo

    Lactobacillus kimchiensis sp. nov., isolated from a fermented food Jandi Kim,3 Joon Yong Kim,3 Min bacterium was isolated from a traditional fermented food, kimchi. The morphology, physiology, biochemical ). Kimchi is a traditional Korean fermented food made of various vegetables and spices (red pepper, garlic

  7. Tyrosine and Phenylalanine Catabolism by Lactobacillus Cheese Flavor Adjuncts1

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Gummalla; J. R. Broadbent

    2001-01-01

    Bacterial metabolism of Tyr and Phe has been associ- ated with the formation of aromatic compounds that impart barny-utensil and floral off-flavors in cheese. In an effort to identify possible mechanisms for the origin of these compounds in Cheddar cheese, we investigated Tyr and Phe catabolism by Lactobacillus casei and Lacto- bacillus helveticus cheese flavor adjuncts under simu- lated Cheddar

  8. Evaluation of aroma production and survival of Streptococcus thermophilus, Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus and Lactobacillus acidophilus in fermented milks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Fausto Gardini; Rosalba Lanciotti; Maria Elisabetta Guerzoni; Sandra Torriani

    1999-01-01

    The fat, the non-fat milk solid and the inoculum size of Lactobacillus acidophilus IPVR 224 were modulated according to a Central Composite Design. The aim was to evaluate the effects of these variables and their interactions on the decrease in pH during fermentation, the qualitative and quantitative composition of the aroma profile, as well as the loss in viability of

  9. Cloacal Lactobacillus isolates from broilers show high prevalence of resistance towards macrolide and lincosamide antibiotics.

    PubMed

    Cauwerts, K; Pasmans, F; Devriese, L A; Martel, A; Haesebrouck, F; Decostere, A

    2006-04-01

    Eighty-seven Lactobacillus strains isolated from cloacal swabs of broiler chickens derived from 20 different farms in Belgium were identified to species level and tested for susceptibility to macrolide and lincosamide antibiotics. Five different Lactobacillus species were identified as being predominantly present in the cloacae of broilers: Lactobacillus crispatus, Lactobacillus salivarius subsp. salivarius, Lactobacillus amylovorus, Lactobacillus gallinarum and Lactobacillu sreuteri. Acquired resistance prevalence to macrolides and lincosamides was very high in the investigated lactobacilli: 89% of the strains were resistant to either or both lincosamide and macrolide class antibiotics. The vast majority of these resistant strains (96%) displayed constitutive resistance. More than one-half of the macrolide and/or lincosamide resistant strains carried an erm(B), erm(C), mef(A), lnu(A) gene or a combination of these genes. PMID:16595310

  10. Colonization and Fecal Enzyme Activities after Oral Lactobacillus GG Administration in Elderly Nursing Home Residents

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W. H. Ling; O. Hänninen; H. Mykkänen; M. Heikura; S. Salminen; A. Von Wright

    1992-01-01

    This study was undertaken to investigate the effect of 2-week oral administration of a Lactobacillus-GG-fermentedwhey drink on fecal enzymes in elderly nursing home residents complaining of difficulties in defecation. The study was divided into three 2-week periods: baseline (2 dl placebo drink\\/day); Lactobacillus GG treatment (2 dl of a Lactobacillus-GG-fermented whey drink containing 108 cfu lactobacilli\\/ml); follow-up (2 dl placebo

  11. Safety assessment of dairy microorganisms: the Lactobacillus genus.

    PubMed

    Bernardeau, Marion; Vernoux, Jean Paul; Henri-Dubernet, Ségolène; Guéguen, Micheline

    2008-09-01

    Lactobacilli are Gram positive rods belonging to the Lactic Acid Bacteria (LAB) group. Their phenotypic traits, such as each species' obligate/facultative, homo/heterofermentation abilities play a crucial role in souring raw milk and in the production of fermented dairy products such as cheese, yoghurt and fermented milk (including probiotics). An up to date safety analysis of these lactobacilli is needed to ensure consumer safety. Lactobacillus genus is a heterogeneous microbial group containing some 135 species and 27 subspecies, whose classification is constantly being reshuffled. With the recent use of advanced molecular methods it has been suggested that the extreme diversity of the Lactobacillus genomes would justify recognition of new subgeneric divisions. A combination of genotypic and phenotypic tests, for example DNA-based techniques and conventional carbohydrate tests, is required to determine species. Pulsed-Field gel Electrophoresis (PFGE) has been successfully applied to strains of dairy origin and is the most discriminatory and reproducible method for differentiating Lactobacillus strains. The bibliographical data support the hypothesis that the ingestion of Lactobacillus is not at all hazardous since lactobacillemia induced by food, particularly fermented dairy products, is extremely rare and only occurs in predisposed patients. Some metabolic features such as the possible production of biogenic amines in fermented products could generate undesirable adverse effects. A minority of starter and adjunct cultures and probiotic Lactobacillus strains may exceptionally show transferable antibiotic resistance. However, this may be underestimated as transferability studies are not systematic. We consider that transferable antibiotic resistance is the only relevant cause for caution and justifies performing antibiotic-susceptibility assays as these strains have the potential to serve as hosts of antibiotic-resistance genes, with the risk of transferring these genes to other bacteria. However, as a general rule, lactobacilli have a high natural resistance to many antibiotics, especially vancomycin, that is not transferable. Safety assessment requirements for Lactobacillus strains of technological interest should be limited to an antibiotic profile and a study to determine whether any antibiotic resistance(s) of medical interest detected is (or are) transferable. This agrees with the recent EFSA proposal suggesting attribution of a QPS status for 32 selected species of lactobacilli. PMID:17889388

  12. Characterization of the Lactobacillus casei group and the Lactobacillus acidophilus group by automated ribotyping.

    PubMed

    Ryu, C S; Czajka, J W; Sakamoto, M; Benno, Y

    2001-01-01

    A total of 91 type and reference strains of the Lactobacillus casei group and the L acidophilus group were characterized by the automated ribotyping device Riboprinter microbial characterization system. The L. casei group was divided into five (C1-C5) genotypes by ribotyping. Among them, the strain of L. casei ATCC 334 was clustered to the same genotype group as most of L. paracasei strains and L casei JCM 1134T generated a riboprint pattern that was different from the type strain of L. zeae. These results supported the designation of L. casei ATCC 334 as the neotype strain, but were not consistent with the reclassification of L. casei JCM 1134T as L. zeae. The L. acidophilus group was also divided into 14 (A1-A11, B1-B3) genotypes by ribotyping. L. acidophilus, L. amylovorus, L. crispatus and L. gallinarum generated ribotype patterns that were distinct from the patterns produced by L. gasseri and L. johnsonii. This result confirmed previous data that the L. acidophilus group divided to two major clusters. Five strains of L. acidophilus and two strains of L. gasseri were correctly reidentified by ribotyping. Most strains belonging to the L. casei group and the L. acidophilus group were discriminated at the species level by automated ribotyping. Thus this RiboPrinter system yields rapid, accurate and reproducible genetic information for the identification of many strains. PMID:11386416

  13. Structural and Functional Analyses of the Human-Type Corrinoid Adenosyltransferase (PduO) from Lactobacillus reuteri,

    E-print Network

    Rayment, Ivan

    Lactobacillus reuteri, Paola E. Mera,§ Martin St. Maurice,| Ivan Rayment,| and Jorge C. Escalante, several variants of a human-type ACA from the lactic acid bacterium Lactobacillus reuteri (LrPduO) were

  14. Evaluation of alginate-immobilized Lactobacillus casei for lactate production

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dong Guoqiang; Rajni Kaul; Bo Mattiasson

    1991-01-01

    Lactate production by immobilized Lactobacillus casei has been studied. The cells were immobilized in alginate and the effect of variations in different parameters on product formation and productivity was investigated. The performance of the reaction was evaluated in stirred batch as well as in packed-bed conditions. pH control was a problem in the packed-bed reactor. In stirred batch experiments, nearly

  15. [Characterization of antagonistic and acid formation properties of Lactobacillus casei].

    PubMed

    Saduakhasova, S A; Kushugulova, A R; Rakhimova, S E; Oralbaeva, S S; Bisenova, N M; Almagambetov, K Kh

    2007-01-01

    Cultural, morphologic, and biochemical characteristics of Lactobacillus casei were studied as well as their acid-forming and antagonistic activity and resistance to antibiotics. 60 cultures identified as L. caseiwere isolated from 250 samples of sour-milk products and clinical specimens. All isolated strains had respectively high antagonistic activity regardless of their source. Dependence between antagonistic activity and acid formation was not detected. Conclusion about promise for using these lactobacilli for manufacturing of probiotics has been done. PMID:17523487

  16. Complete genome sequence of Lactobacillus plantarum WCFS1

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michiel Kleerebezem; Jos Boekhorst; Richard van Kranenburg; Douwe Molenaar; Oscar P. Kuipers; Rob Leer; Renato Tarchini; Sander A. Peters; Hans M. Sandbrink; Mark W. E. J. Fiers; Willem Stiekema; René M. Klein Lankhorst; Peter A. Bron; Sally M. Hoffer; Masja N. Nierop Groot; Robert Kerkhoven; Maaike de Vries; Björn Ursing; Willem M. de Vos; Roland J. Siezen

    2003-01-01

    The 3,308,274-bp sequence of the chromosome of Lactobacillus plantarum strain WCFS1, a single colony isolate of strain NCIMB8826 that was originally isolated from human saliva, has been determined, and contains 3,052 predicted protein-encoding genes. Putative biological functions could be assigned to 2,120 (70%) of the predicted proteins. Consistent with the classification of L. plantarum as a facultative heterofermentative lactic acid

  17. Genetic and functional aspects of linoleate isomerase in Lactobacillus acidophilus

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Martin Macouzet; Normand Robert; Byong H. Lee

    2010-01-01

    While the remarkable health effects of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) catalyzed from ?-linoleic acid by the enzyme linoleate\\u000a isomerase (LI, EC 5.2.1.5) are well recognized, how widely this biochemical activity is present and the mechanisms of its\\u000a regulation in lactic acid bacteria are unknown. Although certain strains of Lactobacillus acidophilus can enrich CLA in fermented dairy products, it is unknown

  18. Lactobacillus surface layer proteins: structure, function and applications.

    PubMed

    Hynönen, Ulla; Palva, Airi

    2013-06-01

    Bacterial surface (S) layers are the outermost proteinaceous cell envelope structures found on members of nearly all taxonomic groups of bacteria and Archaea. They are composed of numerous identical subunits forming a symmetric, porous, lattice-like layer that completely covers the cell surface. The subunits are held together and attached to cell wall carbohydrates by non-covalent interactions, and they spontaneously reassemble in vitro by an entropy-driven process. Due to the low amino acid sequence similarity among S-layer proteins in general, verification of the presence of an S-layer on the bacterial cell surface usually requires electron microscopy. In lactobacilli, S-layer proteins have been detected on many but not all species. Lactobacillus S-layer proteins differ from those of other bacteria in their smaller size and high predicted pI. The positive charge in Lactobacillus S-layer proteins is concentrated in the more conserved cell wall binding domain, which can be either N- or C-terminal depending on the species. The more variable domain is responsible for the self-assembly of the monomers to a periodic structure. The biological functions of Lactobacillus S-layer proteins are poorly understood, but in some species S-layer proteins mediate bacterial adherence to host cells or extracellular matrix proteins or have protective or enzymatic functions. Lactobacillus S-layer proteins show potential for use as antigen carriers in live oral vaccine design because of their adhesive and immunomodulatory properties and the general non-pathogenicity of the species. PMID:23677442

  19. Production of l-lactic acid with immobilized Lactobacillus delbrueckii

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sirkka-Liisa Stenroos; Yu-Yen Linko; P. Linko

    1982-01-01

    Living Lactobacillus delbrueckii cells were entrapped in calcium alginate gel beads and employed both in recycle batch and continuous column reactors to produce l-lactic acid from glucose. The substrate contained l% (w\\/v) yeast extract as nutrient and 4.8% (w\\/v) solid calcium carbonate as buffer. The maxiumum lactic acid yield obtained was 97%, of which more than 90% was l-lactic acid.

  20. Characteristics of bacteriocin produced by Lactobacillus acidophilus LA1

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rajiv I Dave; Nagendra P Shah

    1997-01-01

    A bacteriocin produced by L. acidophilus LA-1 (referred to as acidophilicin LA-1) was studied. Acidophilicin LA-1 was active against seven strains of Lactobacillus delbrueckii sp. bulgaricus (2501, 2505, 1515, 2517, 2519, LB-3 and LB-4), one strain each of L. casei (2603), L. helveticus (2700) and L. jugurti (2819), but not against other lactic acid bacteria. The production of bacteriocin occurred

  1. Probiotic Properties of Lactobacillus Strains Isolated from Tibetan Kefir Grains

    PubMed Central

    Zheng, Yongchen; Lu, Yingli; Wang, Jinfeng; Yang, Longfei; Pan, Chenyu; Huang, Ying

    2013-01-01

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the functional properties of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolated from Tibetan kefir grains. Three Lactobacillus isolates identified as Lactobacillus acidophilus LA15, Lactobacillus plantarum B23 and Lactobacillus kefiri D17 that showed resistance to acid and bile salts were selected for further evaluation of their probiotic properties. The 3 selected strains expressed high in vitro adherence to Caco-2 cells. They were sensitive to gentamicin, erythromycin and chloramphenicol and resistant to vancomycin with MIC values of 26 µg/ml. All 3 strains showed potential bile salt hydrolase (BSH) activity, cholesterol assimilation and cholesterol co-precipitation ability. Additionally, the potential effect of these strains on plasma cholesterol levels was evaluated in Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. Rats in 4 treatment groups were fed the following experimental diets for 4 weeks: a high-cholesterol diet, a high-cholesterol diet plus LA15, a high-cholesterol diet plus B23 or a high-cholesterol diet plus D17. The total cholesterol, triglyceride and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels in the serum were significantly (P<0.05) decreased in the LAB-treated rats compared with rats fed a high-cholesterol diet without LAB supplementation. The high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels in groups B23 and D17 were significantly (P<0.05) higher than those in the control and LA15 groups. Additionally, both fecal cholesterol and bile acid levels were significantly (P<0.05) increased after LAB administration. Fecal lactobacilli counts were significantly (P<0.05) higher in the LAB treatment groups than in the control groups. Furthermore, the 3 strains were detected in the rat small intestine, colon and feces during the feeding trial. The bacteria levels remained high even after the LAB administration had been stopped for 2 weeks. These results suggest that these strains may be used in the future as probiotic starter cultures for manufacturing novel fermented foods. PMID:23894554

  2. Draft genome sequence of Lactobacillus mali KCTC 3596.

    PubMed

    Kim, Dong-Wook; Choi, Sang-Haeng; Kang, Aram; Nam, Seong-Hyeuk; Kim, Dae-Soo; Kim, Ryong Nam; Kim, Aeri; Park, Hong-Seog

    2011-09-01

    We announce the draft genome sequence of the type strain Lactobacillus mali KCTC 3596 (2,652,969 bp, with a G+C content of 36.0%), which is one of the most prevalent lactic acid bacteria present during the manufacturing process of apple juice. The genome consists of 122 large contigs (>100 bp). All of the contigs were assembled by Newbler Assembler 2.3 (454 Life Science). PMID:21742889

  3. Comparative Sequence Analyses of the Genes Coding for 16s rRNA of Lactobacillus casei-Related Taxa

    Microsoft Academic Search

    KATSUMI MORI; KOJI YAMAZAKI; TOMOHARU ISHIYAMA; KAYO KOBAYASH; HARUO SHINAN

    1997-01-01

    The primary structures of the 16s rRNA genes of the type strains of Lactobacillus casei and related taxa were determined by PCR DNA-sequencing methods. The sequences of Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus zeae, Lacto- bacillus paracasei, and Lactobacillus rhumnosus were different. The K,,, values ranged from 0.0040 to 0.0126. On the basis of the K,,, values and the levels of DNA-DNA relatedness

  4. The effects of Lactobacillus -fermented milk on lipid metabolism in hamsters fed on high-cholesterol diet

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chiu-Hsia Chiu; Tzu-Yu Lu; Yun-Yu Tseng; Tzu-Ming Pan

    2006-01-01

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of local Lactobacillus strains (NTU 101 and 102) on cholesterol-lowering effects in vivo. Thirty male hamsters were housed, divided into five groups, and fed on a cholesterol diet (5 g\\/kg diet) to induce hypercholesterolemia. Milk fermented by Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei NTU 101, Lactobacillus plantarum NTU 102, and Lactobacillus acidophilus BCRC

  5. Peptidoglycan hydrolases as species-specific markers to differentiate Lactobacillus helveticus from Lactobacillus gallinarum and other closely related homofermentative lactobacilli.

    PubMed

    Jebava, Iva; Chuat, Victoria; Lortal, Sylvie; Valence, Florence

    2014-04-01

    We propose a new method that allows accurate discrimination of Lactobacillus helveticus from other closely related homofermentative lactobacilli, especially Lactobacillus gallinarum. This method is based on the amplification by PCR of two peptidoglycan hydrolytic genes, Lhv_0190 and Lhv_0191. These genes are ubiquitous and show high homology at the intra-species level. The PCR method gave two specific PCR products, of 542 and 747 bp, for 25 L. helveticus strains coming from various sources. For L. gallinarum, two amplicons were obtained, the specific 542 bp amplicon and another one with a size greater than 1,500 bp. No specific PCR products were obtained for 12 other closely related species of lactobacilli, including the L. acidophilus complex, L. delbrueckii, and L. ultunensis. The developed PCR method provided rapid, precise, and easy identification of L. helveticus. Moreover, it enabled differentiation between the two closely phylogenetically related species L. helveticus and L. gallinarum. PMID:24362553

  6. Probiotic Interference of Lactobacillus rhamnosus GR-1 and Lactobacillus reuteri RC-14 with the Opportunistic Fungal Pathogen Candida albicans

    PubMed Central

    Köhler, Gerwald A.; Assefa, Senait; Reid, Gregor

    2012-01-01

    Candida albicans is the most important Candida species causing vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC). VVC has significant medical and economical impact on women's health and wellbeing. While current antifungal treatment is reasonably effective, supportive and preventive measures such as application of probiotics are required to reduce the incidence of VVC. We investigated the potential of the probiotics Lactobacillus rhamnosus GR-1 and Lactobacillus reuteri RC-14 towards control of C. albicans. In vitro experiments demonstrated that lactic acid at low pH plays a major role in suppressing fungal growth. Viability staining following cocultures with lactobacilli revealed that C. albicans cells lost metabolic activity and eventually were killed. Transcriptome analyses showed increased expression of stress-related genes and lower expression of genes involved in fluconazole resistance, which might explain the increased eradication of Candida in a previous clinical study on conjoint probiotic therapy. Our results provide insights on the impact of probiotics on C. albicans survival. PMID:22811591

  7. Development of a quantitative PCR assay for rapid detection of Lactobacillus plantarum and Lactobacillus fermentum in cocoa bean fermentation.

    PubMed

    Schwendimann, Livia; Kauf, Peter; Fieseler, Lars; Gantenbein-Demarchi, Corinne; Miescher Schwenninger, Susanne

    2015-08-01

    To monitor dominant species of lactic acid bacteria during cocoa bean fermentation, i.e. Lactobacillus plantarum and Lactobacillus fermentum, a fast and reliable culture-independent qPCR assay was developed. A modified DNA isolation procedure using a commercial kit followed by two species-specific qPCR assays resulted in 100% sensitivity for L. plantarum and L. fermentum. Kruskal-Wallis and post-hoc analyses of data obtained from experiments with cocoa beans that were artificially spiked with decimal concentrations of L. plantarum and L. fermentum strains allowed the calculation of a regression line suitable for the estimation of both species with a detection limit of 3 to 4Logcells/g cocoa beans. This process was successfully tested for efficacy through the analyses of samples from laboratory-scale cocoa bean fermentations with both the qPCR assay and a culture-dependent method which resulted in comparable results. PMID:26026241

  8. Systemic augmentation of the immune response in mice by feeding fermented milks with Lactobacillus casei and Lactobacillus acidophilus.

    PubMed Central

    Perdigón, G; de Macias, M E; Alvarez, S; Oliver, G; de Ruiz Holgado, A P

    1988-01-01

    This study investigates the effect of feeding fermented milks with Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus acidophilus and a mixture of both micro-organisms on the specific and non-specific host defence mechanisms in Swiss mice. Animals fed with fermented milk for 8 days (100 micrograms/day) showed an increase in both phagocytic and lymphocytic activity. This activation of the immune system began on the 3rd day, reached a maximum on the 5th, and decreased slightly on the 8th day of feeding. In the 8-day treated mice, boosted with a single dose (100 micrograms) on the 11th day, the immune response increased further. The feeding with fermented milk produced neither hepatomegaly nor splenomegaly. These results suggest that L. casei and L. acidophilus, associated with intestinal mucosae, can influence the level of activation of the immune system. The possible clinical application of fermented milks as immunopotentiators is also discussed. PMID:3123370

  9. Genes encoding bile salt hydrolases and conjugated bile salt transporters in Lactobacillus johnsonii 100-100 and other Lactobacillus species

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christopher A. Elkins; Scott A. Moser; Dwayne C. Savage

    Lactobacillus johnsonii strain 100-100 expresses two antigenically distinct conjugated bile salt hydrolases (BSH), a and b, that combine to form native homo- and heterotrimers. This paper reports characterization of loci within the genome that encode this capacity. A locus that encodes BSHb (cbsHb), a partial (cbsT1) and a complete conjugated bile salt transporter (cbsT2) was identified previously. DNA sequence analysis

  10. Lactobacillus farraginis sp. nov. and Lactobacillus parafarraginis sp. nov., heterofermentative lactobacilli isolated from a compost of distilled shochu residue

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Akihito Endo; Sanae Okada

    2007-01-01

    Five strains of lactic acid bacteria were isolated from a compost of distilled shochu residue in Japan. The isolates were separated into two groups on the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, and two subclusters were formed that comprised micro-organisms closely related to Lactobacillus buchneri, L. diolivorans, L. hilgardii, L. kefiri, L. parabuchneri and L. parakefiri. DNA-DNA relatedness results

  11. Comparison of exopolysaccharide production by strains of Lactobacillus rhamnosus and Lactobacillus paracasei grown in chemically defined medium and milk

    Microsoft Academic Search

    I Dupont; D Roy; G Lapointe

    2000-01-01

      Exopolysaccharide (EPS) production was compared among three strains of lactobacilli. Lactobacillus rhamnosus strain 9595M can be classified among the highest EPS-producing strains of lactic acid bacteria reported to date with a maximum\\u000a EPS production of 1275?mg?L?1. Under controlled pH, no significant differences in the quantity of EPS produced could be detected between carbon source\\u000a (glucose or lactose) or fermentation temperature

  12. In vitro comparison of probiotic properties of Lactobacillus casei Zhang, a potential new probiotic, with selected probiotic strains

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zhuang Guo; Jicheng Wang; Liya Yan; Wei Chen; Xiao-ming Liu; He-ping Zhang

    2009-01-01

    Since 2004, our research group has isolated 240 Lactobacillus strains from Koumiss, a traditional fermented alcoholic beverage prepared from mare's milk in Inner Mongolia, Xinjiang of China and Mongolia. Among these Lactobacillus strains a novel strain with potential probiotic properties, Lactobacillus casei Zhang, was screened out and studied extensively for its probiotic properties, health-promoting effects and fermentation characteristics. In vitro

  13. Fecal recovery following oral administration of Lactobacillus Strain GG (ATCC 53103) in gelatine capsules to healthy volunteers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Maija Saxelin; Tanja Pessi; Seppo Salminen

    1995-01-01

    Recovery of the suggested probiotic strain Lactobacillus GG in feces was studied after oral administration. Lactobacillus GG was given to 20 healthy human volunteers for 7 days in gelatine capsules with daily doses of 1.6 × 108 cfu and 1.2 × 1010 cfu. All the volunteers in the higher dose group had detectable numbers of Lactobacillus GG in their feces

  14. Oral Administration of Lactobacillus Strains Isolated from Breast Milk as an Alternative for the Treatment of Infectious Mastitis during Lactation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. Jimenez; L. Fernandez; A. Maldonado; R. Martin; M. Olivares; J. Xaus; J. M. Rodriguez

    2008-01-01

    In this study, 20 women with staphylococcal mastitis were randomly divided in two groups. Those in the probiotic group daily ingested 10 log10 CFU of Lactobacillus salivarius CECT5713 and the same quantity of Lactobacillus gasseri CECT5714 for 4 weeks, while those in the control one only ingested the excipient. Both lactobacillus strains were originally isolated from breast milk. On day

  15. Comparative Genomic and Functional Analysis of Lactobacillus casei and Lactobacillus rhamnosus Strains Marketed as Probiotics

    PubMed Central

    Douillard, François P.; Ribbera, Angela; Järvinen, Hanna M.; Kant, Ravi; Pietilä, Taija E.; Randazzo, Cinzia; Paulin, Lars; Laine, Pia K.; Caggia, Cinzia; von Ossowski, Ingemar; Reunanen, Justus; Satokari, Reetta; Salminen, Seppo; Palva, Airi

    2013-01-01

    Four Lactobacillus strains were isolated from marketed probiotic products, including L. rhamnosus strains from Vifit (Friesland Campina) and Idoform (Ferrosan) and L. casei strains from Actimel (Danone) and Yakult (Yakult Honsa Co.). Their genomes and phenotypes were characterized and compared in detail with L. casei strain BL23 and L. rhamnosus strain GG. Phenotypic analysis of the new isolates indicated differences in carbohydrate utilization between L. casei and L. rhamnosus strains, which could be linked to their genotypes. The two isolated L. rhamnosus strains had genomes that were virtually identical to that of L. rhamnosus GG, testifying to their genomic stability and integrity in food products. The L. casei strains showed much greater genomic heterogeneity. Remarkably, all strains contained an intact spaCBA pilus gene cluster. However, only the L. rhamnosus strains produced mucus-binding SpaCBA pili under the conditions tested. Transcription initiation mapping demonstrated that the insertion of an iso-IS30 element upstream of the pilus gene cluster in L. rhamnosus strains but absent in L. casei strains had constituted a functional promoter driving pilus gene expression. All L. rhamnosus strains triggered an NF-?B response via Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) in a reporter cell line, whereas the L. casei strains did not or did so to a much lesser extent. This study demonstrates that the two L. rhamnosus strains isolated from probiotic products are virtually identical to L. rhamnosus GG and further highlights the differences between these and L. casei strains widely marketed as probiotics, in terms of genome content, mucus-binding and metabolic capacities, and host signaling capabilities. PMID:23315726

  16. Antibacterial activity of Lactobacillus spp. isolated from the feces of healthy infants against enteropathogenic bacteria.

    PubMed

    Davoodabadi, Abolfazl; Soltan Dallal, Mohammad Mehdi; Rahimi Foroushani, Abbas; Douraghi, Masoumeh; Sharifi Yazdi, Mohammad Kazem; Amin Harati, Farzaneh

    2015-08-01

    Lactobacilli are normal microflora of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract and are a heterogeneous group of lactic acid bacteria (LAB). Lactobacillus strains with Probiotic activity may have health Benefits for human. This study investigates the probiotic potential of Lactobacillus strains obtained from the feces of healthy infants and also explores antibacterial activity of Lactobacillus strains with probiotic potential against enteropathogenic bacteria. Fecal samples were collected from 95 healthy infants younger than 18 months. Two hundred and ninety Lactobacillus strains were isolated and assessed for probiotic potential properties including ability to survive in gastrointestinal conditions (pH 2.0, 0.3% oxgall), adherence to HT-29 cells and antibiotic resistance. Six strains including Lactobacillus fermentum (4 strains), Lactobacillus paracasei and Lactobacillus plantarum showed good probiotic potential and inhibited the growth of enteropathogenic bacteria including ETEC H10407, Shigella flexneri ATCC 12022, Shigella sonnei ATCC 9290, Salmonella enteritidis H7 and Yersinia enterocolitica ATCC 23715. These Lactobacillus strains with probiotic potential may be useful for prevention or treatment of diarrhea, but further in vitro and in vivo studies on these strains are still required. PMID:25930687

  17. Detection and identification of Lactobacillus bacteria found in the honey stomach of the giant honeybee

    E-print Network

    Detection and identification of Lactobacillus bacteria found in the honey stomach of the giant and species of Lactobacillus from the honey stomach of the Asiatic giant honeybee, Apis dorsata. Samples from honey stomachs using selective media. The isolates were Gram-stained and tested for catalase

  18. Effect of lactobacillus supplementation on growth and nutrient utilization in Mongrel pups

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K. Pasupathy; A. Sahoo; N. N. Pathak

    2001-01-01

    Effect of lactobacillus supplementation was studied in eight Mongrel pups of about 10 weeks of age with a mean body weight of 5.2 kg divided into two equal groups, control (group C) and a probiotic supplemented group (group L). Both groups received the same feed (biscuit) which was for group L supplemented with 2 × 10 cfu of a Lactobacillus

  19. Complete genome sequence of Lactobacillus helveticus R0052, a commercial probiotic strain.

    PubMed

    Tompkins, Thomas A; Barreau, Guillaume; Broadbent, Jeffery R

    2012-11-01

    Lactobacillus helveticus R0052 is a commercially available strain that is widely used in probiotic preparations. The genome sequence consisted of 2,129,425 bases. Comparative analysis showed that it was unique among L. helveticus strains in that it contained genes encoding mucus-binding proteins similar to those found in Lactobacillus acidophilus. PMID:23105080

  20. INFLUENCE DE L'ADMINISTRATION DE LACTOBACILLUS ACIDOPHILUS TUS SUR LA SURVIE DE SOURICEAUX INFECTS

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    INFLUENCE DE L'ADMINISTRATION DE LACTOBACILLUS ACIDOPHILUS TUÉS SUR LA SURVIE DE SOURICEAUX'leudes Pharmaceutiques, rue J.B. Clément, 92290 Chatenay-Malabry, France. Summary EFFECT OF KILLED LACTOBACILLUS ACl of the oral treatment with a lyophilized preparation of heat-killed Laciobacillus acidophilus and with sterile

  1. Lactobacillus and bifidobacterium in irritable bowel syndrome: Symptom responses and relationship to cytokine profiles

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Liam O’Mahony; Jane McCarthy; Peter Kelly; George Hurley; Fangyi Luo; Kersang Chen; Gerald C. O’Sullivan; Barry Kiely; J. Kevin Collins; Fergus Shanahan; Eamonn M. M. Quigley

    2005-01-01

    Background & Aims: The aim of this study was to com- pare the response of symptoms and cytokine ratios in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) with ingestion of probiotic preparations containing a lactobacillus or bifidobacterium strain. Methods: Seventy-seven subjects with IBS were ran- domized to receive either Lactobacillus salivarius UCC4331 or Bifidobacterium infantis 35624, each in a dose of 1 10

  2. Lactobacillus GG in the prevention of antibiotic-associated diarrhea in children

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jon A. Vanderhoof; David B. Whitney; Dean L. Antonson; Terri L. Hanner; James V. Lupo; Rosemary J. Young

    1999-01-01

    Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the efficacy of Lactobacillus casei sps. rhamnosus (Lactobacillus GG) (LGG) in reducing the incidence of antibiotic-associated diarrhea when coadministered with an oral antibiotic in children with acute infectious disorders. Study design: Two hundred two children between 6 months and 10 years of age were enrolled; 188 completed all phases of the

  3. Effect of Nutrient Media and Bile Salts on Growth and Antimicrobial Activity of Lactobacillus acidophilus1

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Custy F. Fernandes; Khem M. Shahani

    1988-01-01

    The Lactobacillus acidopbilus strains produced variable quantities of anti- microbial substances in three different media: Elliker's, MRS (deMan, Rogosa, and Sharpe), and LBS (Lactobacillus selection) broths. The interaction be- tween L. acidophilus strain and nutri- ent medium was statistically significant, indicating an influence of the nutrient medium on the level of antimicrobial activity produced. Also statistically sig- nificant different were

  4. The barrier to HIV transmission provided by genital tract Lactobacillus colonization.

    PubMed

    Mirmonsef, Paria; Spear, Gregory T

    2014-06-01

    While resistance to HIV transmission is due to multiple mechanisms such as the epithelium, a lower genital tract microbiota dominated by Lactobacillus appears to play an important role. This article reviews selected recent research on genital tract microbiota in women including how microbiota impacts HIV resistance and factors affecting Lactobacillus colonization. PMID:24661438

  5. Evaluation of Antibacterial Activity of Lactobacillus Spp. on Selected Food Spoilage Bacteria.

    PubMed

    Sharma, Anurag; Gupta, Piyush; Bhattacharya, Susinjan

    2015-01-01

    This study was done to isolate Lactobacillus species from curd, amla/Indian gooseberry and orange and to assess their antagonistic ability against selected food spoilage bacteria, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas spp. and Bacillus spp. isolated from natural food sources. In the approaches used, native Lactobacillus spp. were isolated from amla, orange and curd and identified by standard microbiological methods. Their antagonistic affect was tested by disc diffusion tests against three selected test isolates, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas and Bacillus spp. isolated from tomato, pumpkin, cauliflower, lady's finger, carrot, and milk. There are recent patents also suggesting use of novel strains of Lactobacillus for microbial antagonism. In our present work, the lactobacilli isolated from different food sources showed varied ability to inhibit the growth of test isolates. The growth of test isolates was inhibited by Lactobacillus isolates with one of the Lactobacillus isolate from amla being the most potent inhibitor. PMID:25751004

  6. Lactobacillus species as biomarkers and agents that can promote various aspects of vaginal health

    PubMed Central

    Petrova, Mariya I.; Lievens, Elke; Malik, Shweta; Imholz, Nicole; Lebeer, Sarah

    2015-01-01

    The human body is colonized by a vast number of microorganisms collectively referred to as the human microbiota. One of the main microbiota body sites is the female genital tract, commonly dominated by Lactobacillus spp., in approximately 70% of women. Each individual species can constitute approximately 99% of the ribotypes observed in any individual woman. The most frequently isolated species are Lactobacillus crispatus, Lactobacillus gasseri, Lactobacillus jensenii and Lactobacillus iners. Residing at the port of entry of bacterial and viral pathogens, the vaginal Lactobacillus species can create a barrier against pathogen invasion since mainly products of their metabolism secreted in the cervicovaginal fluid can play an important role in the inhibition of bacterial and viral infections. Therefore, a Lactobacillus-dominated microbiota appears to be a good biomarker for a healthy vaginal ecosystem. This balance can be rapidly altered during processes such as menstruation, sexual activity, pregnancy and various infections. An abnormal vaginal microbiota is characterized by an increased diversity of microbial species, leading to a condition known as bacterial vaginosis. Information on the vaginal microbiota can be gathered from the analysis of cervicovaginal fluid, by using the Nugent scoring or the Amsel's criteria, or at the molecular level by investigating the number and type of Lactobacillus species. However, when translating this to the clinical setting, it should be noted that the absence of a Lactobacillus-dominated microbiota does not appear to directly imply a diseased condition or dysbiosis. Nevertheless, the widely documented beneficial role of vaginal Lactobacillus species demonstrates the potential of data on the composition and activity of lactobacilli as biomarkers for vaginal health. The substantiation and further validation of such biomarkers will allow the design of better targeted probiotic strategies. PMID:25859220

  7. Growth and survival of Lactobacillus reuteri RC14 and Lactobacillus rhamnosus GR1 in yogurt for use as a functional food

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sharareh Hekmat; Hoda Soltani; Gregor Reid

    2009-01-01

    Both Lactobacillus reuteri RC-14 and Lactobacillus rhamnosus GR-1 are considered probiotic agents with therapeutic properties. To prepare mother cultures for these organism bacteria, four formulations were made with milk (1% fat) with 0.33% yeast extract (T1); 0.4% inulin (T2); 0.33% yeast extract and 0.4% inulin (T3); and one with no additives (T4). The media were inoculated with 1% probiotic cultures

  8. Production of salami from beef, horse, mutton, Blesbok ( Damaliscus dorcas phillipsi) and Springbok ( Antidorcas marsupialis) with bacteriocinogenic strains of Lactobacillus plantarum and Lactobacillus curvatus

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. D. Todorov; K. S. C. Koep; C. A. Van Reenen; L. C. Hoffman; E. Slinde; L. M. T. Dicks

    2007-01-01

    Lactobacillus plantarum 423, producer of bacteriocin 423, Lactobacillus curvatus DF38, producer of curvacin DF38, and a bacteriocin-negative mutant of L. plantarum 423 (423m) were evaluated as starter cultures in the production of salami from beef, horse, mutton, Blesbok (Damaliscus dorcas phillipsi) and Springbok (Antidorcas marsupialis). Growth of L. plantarum 423 and L. curvatus DF38 was best supported in Blesbok salami,

  9. Probiotic lactic acid bacteria ( Lactobacillus acidophilus HN017, Lactobacillus rhamnosus HN001 and Bifidobacterium lactis HN019) have no adverse effects on the health of mice

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Quan Shu; Joseph S Zhou; Kay J. Rutherfurd; Mervyn J Birtles; Jaya Prasad; Pramod K Gopal; Harsharnjit S Gill

    1999-01-01

    The safety of the probiotic lactic acid bacteria Lactobacillus acidophilus (HN017), Lactobacillus rhamnosus (HN001, DR20™), and Bifidobacterium lactis (HN019, DR10™), was studied in BALB\\/c mice fed with different doses (5×107, 109 or 5×1010cfu\\/mouse\\/day) of the bacteria for 7 days. No abnormal clinical signs were observed in any of the groups during the period of the experiment. There were no significant

  10. Potential probiotic lactic acid bacteria Lactobacillus rhamnosus (HN001), Lactobacillus acidophilus (HN017) and Bifidobacterium lactis (HN019) do not degrade gastric mucin in vitro

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. S. Zhou; P. K. Gopal; H. S. Gill

    2001-01-01

    The mucus layer (mucin) coating the surface of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) plays an important role in the mucosal barrier system. Any damage or disturbance of this mucin layer will compromise the host’s mucosal defence function. In the present study, the ability of three potential probiotic lactic acid bacteria (LAB) strains (Lactobacillus rhamnosus HN001, Lactobacillus acidophilus HN017, Bifidobacterium lactis HN019)

  11. Augmentation of antimicrobial metronidazole therapy of bacterial vaginosis with oral probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus GR1 and Lactobacillus reuteri RC14: randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled trial

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kingsley Anukam; Emmanuel Osazuwa; Ijeoma Ahonkhai; Michael Ngwu; Gibson Osemene; Andrew W. Bruce; Gregor Reid

    2006-01-01

    This study enrolled 125 premenopausal women diagnosed with bacterial vaginosis (BV) by presence of vaginal irritation, discharge and ‘fishy’ odor, and Nugent criteria and detection of sialidase enzyme. The subjects were treated with oral metronidazole (500mg) twice daily from days 1 to 7, and randomized to receive oral Lactobacillus rhamnosus GR-1 (1×109) and Lactobacillus reuteri RC-14 (1×109) or placebo twice

  12. Characterization of Reutericyclin Produced by Lactobacillus reuteri LTH2584

    PubMed Central

    Gänzle, Michael G.; Höltzel, Alexandra; Walter, Jens; Jung, Günther; Hammes, Walter P.

    2000-01-01

    Lactobacillus reuteri LTH2584 exhibits antimicrobial activity that can be attributed neither to bacteriocins nor to the production of reuterin or organic acids. We have purified the active compound, named reutericyclin, to homogeneity and characterized its antimicrobial activity. Reutericyclin exhibited a broad inhibitory spectrum including Lactobacillus spp., Bacillus subtilis, B. cereus, Enterococcus faecalis, Staphylococcus aureus, and Listeria innocua. It did not affect the growth of gram-negative bacteria; however, the growth of lipopolysaccharide mutant strains of Escherichia coli was inhibited. Reutericyclin exhibited a bactericidal mode of action against Lactobacillus sanfranciscensis, Staphylococcus aureus, and B. subtilis and triggered the lysis of cells of L. sanfranciscensis in a dose-dependent manner. Germination of spores of B. subtilis was inhibited, but the spores remained unaffected under conditions that do not permit germination. The fatty acid supply of the growth media had a strong effect on reutericyclin production and its distribution between producer cells and the culture supernatant. Reutericyclin was purified from cell extracts and culture supernatant of L. reuteri LTH2584 cultures grown in mMRS by solvent extraction, gel filtration, RP-C8 chromatography, and anion-exchange chromatography, followed by rechromatography by reversed-phase high-pressure liquid chromatography. Reutericyclin was characterized as a negatively charged, highly hydrophobic molecule with a molecular mass of 349 Da. Structural characterization (A. Höltzel, M. G. Gänzle, G. J. Nicholson, W. P. Hammes, and G. Jung, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 39:2766–2768, 2000) revealed that reutericyclin is a novel tetramic acid derivative. The inhibitory activity of culture supernatant of L. reuteri LTH2584 corresponded to that of purified as well as synthetic reutericyclin. PMID:11010877

  13. Factors influencing synthesis and activity of ?-galactosidase in Lactobacillus acidophilus

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tarun Bhowmik; M. C. Johnson; Bibek Ray

    1987-01-01

    Summary In the type-strainLactobacillus acidophilus ATCC 4356 ß-galactosidase (ß-gal) was inducible; lactose, galactose, melibiose and probably maltose, but not glucose, fructose, mannose, sucrose and cellobiose, induced ß-gal synthesis. Glucose partially inhibited ß-gal-induction by lactose but not by isopropyl-ß-D-thiogalactoside. ß-gal synthesis during cell growth was maximal at 0.4% lactose, stimulated by Ca2+ but inhibited by Mg2+ and Mn2+. ß-gal in the

  14. Nanosurgery: Observation of Peptidoglycan Strands in Lactobacillus helveticus Cell Walls

    E-print Network

    Max Firtel; Grant Henderson; Igor Sokolov

    2004-07-05

    The internal cell wall structure of the bacterium Lactobacillus helveticus has been observed in situ in aqueous solution using an atomic force microscope (AFM). The AFM tip was used not only for imaging but presumably to remove mechanically large patches of the outer cell wall after appropriate chemical treatment, which typically leaves the bacteria alive. The surface exposed after such a surgery revealed ca. 26 nm thick twisted strands within the cell wall. The structure and location of the observed strands are consistent with the glycan backbone of peptidoglycan fibers that give strength to the cell wall. The found structural organization of these fibers has not been observed previously.

  15. Endocarditis of the native aortic valve caused by Lactobacillus jensenii.

    PubMed

    Patnaik, Soumya; Davila, Carlos Daniel; Chennupati, Anupama; Rubin, Alexander

    2015-01-01

    Lactobacilli are Gram-positive anaerobic rods or coccobacilli, commonly found as commensals in human mucosa. Rarely, they can cause serious infections such as infective endocarditis (IE), and the most frequently implicated species causing serious infections are L. casei and L. rhamnosus. IE caused by Lactobacillus jensenii is very rare, with only six reported cases so far, to the best of our knowledge. We present a case of native aortic valve endocarditis caused by L. jensenii, complicated by root abscess and complete heart block, and requiring emergent surgical intervention. PMID:25750218

  16. Safety evaluation of Lactobacillus pentosus strain b240

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nancy J. Szabo; Laurie C. Dolan; George A. Burdock; Takashi Shibano; Shin-ichi Sato; Hiroshi Suzuki; Tohru Uesugi; Satoko Yamahira; Masamichi Toba; Hirofumi Ueno

    2011-01-01

    Lactobacillus pentosus has a long history of use in cooked and uncooked fermented foods. Viable and heat-killed nonviable preparations of L. pentosus strain b240 were evaluated for short term and subchronic toxicity and genotoxic potential. Dose levels were determined through acute oral toxicity tests with viable (LD50>2500mg\\/kg) and nonviable (LD50>2000mg\\/kg) b240. In the short term study, rats received 2500mg\\/kg\\/day (?1.7×1011cfu\\/kg\\/day)

  17. Radiation resistance of lactobacilli isolated from radurized meat relative to growth and environment. [Lactobacillus sake; Lactobacillus curvatus; Lactobacillus farciminis; Staphylococcus aureus; Salmonella typimurium

    SciTech Connect

    Hastings, J.W.; Holzapfel, W.H.; Niemand, J.G.

    1986-10-01

    Of 113 lactobacilli isolated from radurized (5 kGy) minced meat, 7 Lactobacillus sake strains, 1 L. curvatus strain, and 1 L. farciminis strain were used for radiation resistance studies in a semisynthetic substrate (i.e., modified MRS broth). Five reference Lactobacillus spp. one Staphylococcus aureus strain, and one Salmonella typhimurium strain were used for comparative purposes. All L. sake isolates exhibited the phenomenon of being more resistant to gamma-irradiation in the exponential (log) phase than in the stationary phase of their growth cycles by a factor of 28%. Four reference strains also exhibited this phenomenon, with L. sake (DSM 20017) showing a 68% increase in resistance in the log phase over the stationary phase. This phenomenon was not common to all bacteria tested and is not common to all strains with high radiation resistance. Four L. sake isolates and three reference strains were used in radiation sensitivity testing in a natural food system (i.e., meat). The bacteria were irradiated in minced meat and packaged under four different conditions (air, vacuum, CO/sub 2/, and N/sub 2/). Organisms exhibited the highest death rate (lowest D/sub 10/ values (doses required to reduce the logarithm of the bacterial population by 1) under CO/sub 2/ packaging conditions, but resistance to irradiation was increased under N/sub 2/. The D/sup 10/ values of the isolates were generally greater than those of the reference strains. The D/sup 10/ values were also higher (approximately two times) in meat than in a semisynthetic growth medium.

  18. The use of starter cultures in the fermentation of boza, a traditional Turkish beverage

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Murat Zorba; Omre Hancioglu; Mahmut Genc; Mehmet Karapinar; Gulden Ova

    2003-01-01

    Batches of boza were produced from maize, rice and wheat flours using Leuconostoc paramesenteroides, L. mesenteroides subsp. mesenteroides, L. mesenteroides subsp. dextranicum, L. oenos, Lactobacillus coryniformis, L. confusus, L. sanfrancisco, L. fermentum, Saccharomyces cerevisiae and S. uvarum previously isolated from boza as starter cultures. These lactic acid bacteria (LAB) and yeasts were inoculated separately or mixed into boza wort and

  19. Characterization of Lactobacillus isolated from dairy samples for probiotic properties.

    PubMed

    Kumar, Ashwani; Kumar, Dinesh

    2015-06-01

    In the present study twelve Lactobacillus isolates (LBS 1-LBS 12) were characterized for probiotic properties. Out of the twelve, eight isolates (LBS 1-6, 8 and 11) were bile resistant (survival > 50% at 0.3% bile salt w/v) and five isolates (LBS 1, 2, 5, 6 and 11) were found acid pH value resistant (survival > 50% at pH 3). All twelve isolates inhibited the growth of Staphylococcus aureus whereas isolate LBS 2 also inhibited the growth of Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhimurium. Antibiotic susceptibility testing of isolates was also performed and isolate LBS 2 was selected for further study based on its broad spectrum effect in clinical pathogen inhibition. LBS 2 was characterized phenotypically at Institute of Microbial Technology (IMTECH), Chandigarh, India and was confirmed as Lactobacillus rhamnosus by 16S rDNA sequencing and subsequent analysis using BLAST. The gene sequence was deposited in GenBank with accession number KJ562858. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) study was used to study in vitro epithelial cell adherence and bile salt effect on isolate LBS 2. Epithelial cells adherence assay showed positive results and surface roughness of LBS 2 increased with increase in bile salt (0.15-0.45% w/v). PMID:25771244

  20. Draft Genome Sequence of Lactobacillus kunkeei AR114 Isolated from Honey Bee Gut.

    PubMed

    Porcellato, Davide; Frantzen, Cyril; Rangberg, Anbjørg; Umu, Ozgun C; Gabrielsen, Christina; Nes, Ingolf F; Amdam, Gro V; Diep, Dzung B

    2015-01-01

    Lactobacillus kunkeei is a common inhabitant in honey bee gut, being present in several parts of the world. Here, we describe the draft genome of L. kunkeei AR114, an isolate from late foraging season in Norway. PMID:25792062

  1. Characterization of the effects of three Lactobacillus species on the function of chicken macrophages.

    PubMed

    Brisbin, Jennifer T; Davidge, Lianne; Roshdieh, Ala; Sharif, Shayan

    2015-06-01

    Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus reuteri and Lactobacillus salivarius can influence the adaptive immune responses in chickens but vary in their ability to do so. The present study attempted to identify how these three bacteria alter the innate immune system. A chicken macrophage cell line, MQ-NCSU, was co-cultured with the three live Lactobacillus species, alone or in combination, grown at different temperatures for various durations of time. Late exponential growth phase bacteria were more immunostimulatory, while bacterial growth temperature had little effect. L. acidophilus and L. salivarius significantly increased nitric oxide (NO) production and phagocytosis, while L. reuteri did not. In fact, L reuteri was shown to inhibit NO production of macrophages when co-cultured with the other bacteria or when cells were pre-treated with LPS. The results demonstrate a possible molecular mechanism for the immunomodulatory effects of L. acidophilus and L. salivarius, and a unique immunomodulatory ability of L. reuteri. PMID:25847283

  2. Lactobacillus psittaci sp. nov., isolated from a hyacinth macaw (Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus).

    PubMed

    Lawson, P A; Wacher, C; Hansson, I; Falsen, E; Collins, M D

    2001-05-01

    A Gram-positive, non-spore-forming, catalase-negative, facultatively anaerobic coccibacillus to rod-shaped bacterium isolated from a parrot was characterized using phenotypic and molecular taxonomic methods. The unknown bacterium phenotypically resembled lactobacilli and comparative 16S rRNA gene sequencing demonstrated that the organism represents a distinct subline within the Lactobacillus delbrueckii rRNA cluster of the genus. 16S rRNA sequence divergence values of > 6% with recognized Lactobacillus species clearly demonstrated the phylogenetic separateness of the parrot bacterium. On the basis of phylogenetic evidence and the phenotypic distinctiveness of the unknown bacterium, a new species, Lactobacillus psittaci sp. nov., is proposed. The type strain of Lactobacillus psittaci is CCUG 42378T (= CIP 106492T). PMID:11411722

  3. Efficacy of supercritical carbon dioxide for inactivating Lactobacillus plantarum in apple cider

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Juice makers have traditionally used thermal pasteurization to prevent deterioration by spoilage bacteria such as Lactobacillus plantarum; however this thermal processing causes adverse effects on product quality such as undesirable taste and destruction of heat sensitive nutrients. For this reason,...

  4. Inactivation of Lactobacillus leichmannii ribonucleotide reductase by F2CTP: covalent modification

    E-print Network

    Lohman, Gregory J. S.

    Ribonucleotide reductase (RNR) from Lactobacillus leichmannii, a 76 kDa monomer using adenosylcobalamin (AdoCbl) as a cofactor, catalyzes the conversion of nucleoside triphosphates to deoxynucleotides and is rapidly (<30 ...

  5. Effects of NS lactobacillus strains on lipid metabolism of rats fed a high-cholesterol diet

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Elevated serum cholesterol level is generally considered to be a risk factor for the development of cardiovascular diseases which seriously threaten human health. The cholesterol-lowering effects of lactic acid bacteria have recently become an area of great interest and controversy for many researchers. In this study, we investigated the effects of two NS lactobacillus strains, Lactobacillus plantarum NS5 and Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus NS12, on lipid metabolism of rats fed a high cholesterol diet. Methods Thirty-two SD rats were assigned to four groups and fed either a normal or a high-cholesterol diet. The NS lactobacillus treated groups received the high-cholesterol diet supplemented with Lactobacillus plantarum NS5 or Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus NS12 in drinking water. The rats were sacrificed after a 6-week feeding period. Body weights, visceral organ and fat weights, serum and liver cholesterol and lipid levels, intestinal microbiota and liver mRNA expression levels related to cholesterol metabolism were analyzed. Liver lipid deposition and adipocyte size were evaluated histologically. Results Compared with rats fed a high cholesterol diet, serum total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, apolipoprotein B and free fatty acids levels were decreased and apolipoprotein A-I level was increased in NS5 or NS12 strain treated rats, and with no significant change in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol level. Liver cholesterol and triglyceride levels were also significantly decreased in NS lactobacillus strains treated groups. Meanwhile, the NS lactobacillus strains obviously alleviated hepatic injuries, decreased liver lipid deposition and reduced adipocyte size of high cholesterol diet fed rats. NS lactobacillus strains restored the changes in intestinal microbiota compositions, such as the increase in Bacteroides and the decrease in Clostridium. NS lactobacillus strains also regulated the mRNA expression levels of liver enzymes related to cholesterol metabolism, including the down regulation of acyl-CoA:cholesterol acyltransferase (ACAT) and the upregulation of cholesterol 7?-hydroxylase (CYP7A1). Conclusion This study suggested that the two NS lactobacillus strains may affect lipid metabolism and have cholesterol-lowering effects in rats fed a high cholesterol diet. PMID:23656797

  6. Optimization of bacteriocin production by Lactobacillus acidophilus AA11, a strain isolated from Egyptian cheese

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Aly E. Abo-Amer

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this work was to investigate the effect of growth conditions on the maximum activity of bacteriocin production\\u000a by Lactobacillus acidophilus AA11. The bacteriocin was produced at maximum activity in M17 broth supplemented with 0.5% lactose (M17L). The maximum growth\\u000a of Lactobacillus acidophilus AA11 was obtained at 37°C, while the optimal temperature for the bacteriocin production was 30°C.

  7. Adhesion of human Lactobacillus acidophilus strain LB to human enterocyte-like Caco-2 cells

    Microsoft Academic Search

    GILLES CHAUVIERE; M.-H. COCONNIER; SOPHIE KERNEIS; JACKY FOURNIAT; ALAIN L. SERVIN

    1992-01-01

    Twenty-five strains of lactobacilli were tested for their ability to adhere to human enterocyte-like Caco-2 cells in culture. Seven Lactobacillus strains adhered well to the Caco-2 cells, of which three possessed calcium-independent adhesion properties. A high level of calcium-independent adhesion was observed with the human stool isolate Lactobacillus acidophilus strain LB. Scanning electron microscopy revealed that this strain adhered to

  8. Molecular and biochemical properties of the Slayer protein from the wine bacterium Lactobacillus hilgardii B706

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nina Dohm; Anna Petri; Martina Schlander; Bernhard Schlott; Helmut König; Harald Claus

    2011-01-01

    Different strains of the genus Lactobacillus can be regularly isolated from must and wine samples. By various physiological activities, they can improve or reduce the\\u000a wine quality. Lactobacillus hilgardii that is known to survive under harsh wine conditions is classified as a spoilage bacterium, e.g. due to the production of\\u000a histamine. Many lactobacilli form an S-layer as the outermost cell

  9. Putative probiotic Lactobacillus spp. from porcine gastrointestinal tract inhibit transmissible gastroenteritis coronavirus and enteric bacterial pathogens

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rejish Kumar V. J; Byeong Joo Seo; Mi Ran Mun; Chul-Joong Kim; Insun Lee; Hongik Kim; Yong-Ha Park

    2010-01-01

    A total of 310 bacterial strains isolated from the porcine gastrointestinal tract were tested for their activity against transmissible\\u000a gastroenteritis (TGE) coronavirus and other enteric pathogens. Based on activity, the strains Probio-38 and Probio-37 were\\u000a selected as potential probiotics and identified as Lactobacillus plantarum Probio-38 and Lactobacillus salivarius Probio-37 respectively by 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Supernatants of these strains inhibited

  10. Draft genome sequences and description of Lactobacillus rhamnosus strains L31, L34, and L35.

    PubMed

    Boonma, Prapaporn; Spinler, Jennifer K; Qin, Xiang; Jittaprasatsin, Chutima; Muzny, Donna M; Doddapaneni, Harsha; Gibbs, Richard; Petrosino, Joe; Tumwasorn, Somying; Versalovic, James

    2014-06-15

    Lactobacillus rhamnosus is a facultative, lactic acid bacterium in the phylum Firmicutes. Lactobacillus spp. are generally considered beneficial, and specific strains of L. rhamnosus are validated probiotics. We describe the draft genomes of three L. rhamnosus strains (L31, L34, and L35) isolated from the feces of Thai breastfed infants, which exhibit anti-inflammatory properties in vitro. The three genomes range between 2.8 - 2.9 Mb, and contain approximately 2,700 protein coding genes. PMID:25197459

  11. Draft genome sequences and description of Lactobacillus rhamnosus strains L31, L34, and L35

    PubMed Central

    Boonma, Prapaporn; Spinler, Jennifer K.; Qin, Xiang; Jittaprasatsin, Chutima; Muzny, Donna M.; Doddapaneni, Harsha; Gibbs, Richard; Petrosino, Joe; Tumwasorn, Somying; Versalovic, James

    2014-01-01

    Lactobacillus rhamnosus is a facultative, lactic acid bacterium in the phylum Firmicutes. Lactobacillus spp. are generally considered beneficial, and specific strains of L. rhamnosus are validated probiotics. We describe the draft genomes of three L. rhamnosus strains (L31, L34, and L35) isolated from the feces of Thai breastfed infants, which exhibit anti-inflammatory properties in vitro. The three genomes range between 2.8 – 2.9 Mb, and contain approximately 2,700 protein coding genes. PMID:25197459

  12. Lactobacillus reuteri 100-23 Modulates Urea Hydrolysis in the Murine Stomach

    PubMed Central

    Wilson, Charlotte M.; Loach, Diane; Lawley, Blair; Bell, Tracey; Sims, Ian M.; O'Toole, Paul W.; Zomer, Aldert

    2014-01-01

    Comparisons of in vivo (mouse stomach) and in vitro (laboratory culture) transcriptomes of Lactobacillus reuteri strain 100-23 were made by microarray analysis. These comparisons revealed the upregulation of genes associated with acid tolerance, including urease production, in the mouse stomach. Inactivation of the ureC gene reduced the acid tolerance of strain 100-23 in vitro, and the mutant was outcompeted by the wild type in the gut of ex-Lactobacillus-free mice. Urine analysis showed that stable isotope-labeled urea, administered by gavage, was metabolized to a greater extent in Lactobacillus-free mice than animals colonized by strain 100-23. This surprising observation was associated with higher levels of urease activity and fecal-type bacteria in the stomach digesta of Lactobacillus-free mice. Despite the modulation of urea hydrolysis in the stomach, recycling of urea nitrogen in the murine host was not affected since the essential amino acid isoleucine, labeled with a stable isotope, was detected in the livers of both Lactobacillus-free and 100-23-colonized animals. Therefore, our experiments reveal a new and unexpected impact of Lactobacillus colonization on urea hydrolysis in the murine gut. PMID:25063664

  13. Lactobacillus reuteri 100-23 modulates urea hydrolysis in the murine stomach.

    PubMed

    Wilson, Charlotte M; Loach, Diane; Lawley, Blair; Bell, Tracey; Sims, Ian M; O'Toole, Paul W; Zomer, Aldert; Tannock, Gerald W

    2014-10-01

    Comparisons of in vivo (mouse stomach) and in vitro (laboratory culture) transcriptomes of Lactobacillus reuteri strain 100-23 were made by microarray analysis. These comparisons revealed the upregulation of genes associated with acid tolerance, including urease production, in the mouse stomach. Inactivation of the ureC gene reduced the acid tolerance of strain 100-23 in vitro, and the mutant was outcompeted by the wild type in the gut of ex-Lactobacillus-free mice. Urine analysis showed that stable isotope-labeled urea, administered by gavage, was metabolized to a greater extent in Lactobacillus-free mice than animals colonized by strain 100-23. This surprising observation was associated with higher levels of urease activity and fecal-type bacteria in the stomach digesta of Lactobacillus-free mice. Despite the modulation of urea hydrolysis in the stomach, recycling of urea nitrogen in the murine host was not affected since the essential amino acid isoleucine, labeled with a stable isotope, was detected in the livers of both Lactobacillus-free and 100-23-colonized animals. Therefore, our experiments reveal a new and unexpected impact of Lactobacillus colonization on urea hydrolysis in the murine gut. PMID:25063664

  14. Lactobacillus algidus sp. nov., a psychrophilic lactic acid bacterium isolated from vacuum-packaged refrigerated beef.

    PubMed

    Kato, Y; Sakala, R M; Hayashidani, H; Kiuchi, A; Kaneuchi, C; Ogawa, M

    2000-05-01

    Lactobacillus algidus sp. nov. is described on the basis of 40 strains isolated as one of the predominant bacteria from five specimens of vacuum-packaged beef collected from different meat shops and stored at 2 degrees C for 3 weeks. These strains were quite uniform in the overall characteristics examined. They are facultatively anaerobic, psychrophilic, Gram-positive, non-spore-forming, non-motile, lactic acid-homofermentative rods. The cells occurred singly and in pairs on agar media and in rather long chains in broth media. They differed in several cultural and biochemical characteristics from the authentic meso-diaminopimelic acid-positive or psychrophilic lactic acid bacteria in the genera Lactobacillus, Carnobacterium and Brochothrix. The SDS-PAGE whole-cell protein pattern was clearly distinctive. DNA-DNA hybridization and phylogenetic analysis of 16S rDNA also failed to associate these strains closely with any of the validly described organisms used. The phylogenetic analysis showed that these strains are rather remotely but most closely related to Lactobacillus mali (93% sequence similarity), which belongs to the Lactobacillus casei/Pediococcus group. Therefore, these strains should be included in the genus Lactobacillus and considered to represent a new species, Lactobacillus algidus sp. nov. The type strain is M6A9T (= JCM 10491T). PMID:10843056

  15. Marker-free chromosomal integration of the manganese superoxide dismutase gene ( sodA) from Streptococcus thermophilus into Lactobacillus gasseri

    Microsoft Academic Search

    José M. Bruno-Bárcena; Todd R. Klaenhammer; Hosni M. Hassan

    2005-01-01

    A strategy for functional gene replacement in the chromosome of Lactobacillus gasseri is described. The phospho-?-galactosidase II gene (lacII) was functionally replaced by the manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) gene (sodA) from Streptococcus thermophilus, by adapting the insertional inactivation method described for lactobacilli [Russell, W.M. and Klaenhammer, T.R. 2001 Efficient system for directed integration into the Lactobacillus acidophilus and Lactobacillus gasseri

  16. Selective enumeration of Lactobacillus casei in yoghurt-type fermented milks based on a 15°C incubation temperature

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Claude P. Champagne; Denis Roy; Alain Lafond

    1997-01-01

    A procedure was developed to enumerate selectively Lactobacillus casei populations in yoghurt-type fermented milks that can also contain strains of Streptococcus thermophilus, Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus, Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidobacterium infantis. Commercial LBS agar was acidified to pH 5.4, and the plates were incubated at 15°C for 14 days under anaerobic conditions. Acidification prevented the development of streptococci, and incubation

  17. Specific Lactobacillus/Mutans Streptococcus co-aggregation.

    PubMed

    Lang, C; Böttner, M; Holz, C; Veen, M; Ryser, M; Reindl, A; Pompejus, M; Tanzer, J M

    2010-02-01

    Selective interaction of mutans streptococci with benign bacteria could present an opportunity for their removal from the mouth without disruption of other oral flora. This study was conducted to find probiotic lactobacilli that could specifically co-aggregate in vitro with mutans streptococci, but not with other plaque commensals. A search of 624 lactobacilli among a large culture library revealed 6 strains, all classifiable as L. paracasei or L. rhamnosus, which met this criterion. Such novel, specific co-aggregation, however, was not a general characteristic of these species or the genus Lactobacillus. The co-aggregation by these specific lactobacilli was characterized as heat treatment (autoclaving)- and protease-resistant, lectin-independent, not inactivated by sugar substitutes, operational over a wide pH range, unaffected by whole saliva, but calcium-dependent. It is thus seen to present a potential strategy for in vivo alteration of plaque biofilm and caries. PMID:20042742

  18. Identification of Lactobacillus species using tDNA-PCR.

    PubMed

    Baele, Margo; Vaneechoutte, Mario; Verhelst, Rita; Vancanneyt, Marc; Devriese, Luc A; Haesebrouck, Freddy

    2002-08-01

    tDNA intergenic spacer PCR (tDNA-PCR) using consensus primers complementary to the conserved edges of the tRNA genes can amplify the intergenic spacers. Separation of the PCR products with capillary electrophoresis enables discrimination between fragments differing only one basepair in length. This method was applied to a collection of 82 Lactobacillus strains belonging to 37 species in order to evaluate the discriminatory power of this technique within this genus. Twenty-one species could be distinguished to species level on the basis of a unique tDNA fingerprint pattern. The other species grouped by two (e.g. L. fermentum and L. cellobiosus) or three (L. acidophilus, L. gallinarum and L. helveticus). Inclusion of the resulting fingerprints in a numerical database containing fingerprints of numerous other Gram-positive and Gram-negative species makes the identification of unknown strains possible. PMID:12031576

  19. Screening and identification of functional Lactobacillus specific for vegetable fermentation.

    PubMed

    Xiong, Tao; Song, Suhua; Huang, Xuhui; Feng, Chao; Liu, Guangquan; Huang, Jinqing; Xie, Mingyong

    2013-01-01

    In this study, functional lactic acid bacteria (LAB) specific for vegetable fermentation were screened from Chinese sauerkraut brine by designing purpose media. The selected LAB strains showed excellent tolerance to high concentrations of bile salt and acids. They can also survive passage through the simulated gastric fluid and may be able to reach to the intestine. Through the performance measurements of vegetable fermentation, one of these strains, NCU116 was found to have the best fermentation ability, and further subjected to a series of analyses including identification of physiological and biochemical characteristics, 16S rDNA and pheS sequencing. Taken together, the strain NCU116 was identified as Lactobacillus plantarum subsp. plantarum. These results laid a good foundation for the fermentation research in the future. PMID:23278440

  20. Anaerobic sludge digestion with a biocatalytic additive. [Lactobacillus acidophilus

    SciTech Connect

    Ghosh, S.; Henry, M.P.; Fedde, P.A.

    1982-01-01

    Aimed at improving the process operating characteristics of anaerobic digestion for sludge stabilization and SNG production, this study evaluates the effects of a lactobacillus additive under normal, variable, and overload conditions. This whey fermentation product of an acid-tolerant strain of L. acidophilus fortified with CoCO/sub 3/, (NH/sub 4/)/sub 2/HPO/sub 4/, ferrous lactate, and lactic acid provides growth factors, metabolic intermediates, and enzymes needed for substrate degradation and cellular synthesis. Data indicate that the biochemical additive increases methane yield, gas production rate, and volatile solids reduction; decreases volatile acids accumulation; enhances the digester buffer capacity; and improves the fertilizer value and dewatering characteristics of the digested residue. Digester capacities could be potentially doubled when the feed is so treated. Results of field tests with six full-scale digesters confirm observations made with bench-scale digesters.

  1. Anaerobic sludge digestion in the presence of lactobacillus additive

    SciTech Connect

    Ghosh, S.; Klass, D.L.

    1980-01-01

    A laboratory evaluation of a lactobacillus fermentation product was performed to study its effects as an additive on the anaerobic digestion of sewage sludge under conventional and overloaded high-rate conditions. The overloaded conditions were those experienced in commercial municipal digesters. It was concluded from this work that the use of the additive at low concentrations permits digester operation at least up to double the loading of untreated digesters and at higher methane yields and volatile solids reductions without affecting effluent quality. The additive also imparts iproved digester stability and rapid response to loading rate and detention time excursions and upsets. The beneficial effets of the additive observed in the laboratory remain to be established with other feeds such as biomass, and in large-scale commercial digestion tests that are now in progress.

  2. Characterization of a Feruloyl Esterase from Lactobacillus plantarum

    PubMed Central

    Esteban-Torres, María; Reverón, Inés; Mancheño, José Miguel; de las Rivas, Blanca

    2013-01-01

    Lactobacillus plantarum is frequently found in the fermentation of plant-derived food products, where hydroxycinnamoyl esters are abundant. L. plantarum WCFS1 cultures were unable to hydrolyze hydroxycinnamoyl esters; however, cell extracts from the strain partially hydrolyze methyl ferulate and methyl p-coumarate. In order to discover whether the protein Lp_0796 is the enzyme responsible for this hydrolytic activity, it was recombinantly overproduced and enzymatically characterized. Lp_0796 is an esterase that, among other substrates, is able to efficiently hydrolyze the four model substrates for feruloyl esterases (methyl ferulate, methyl caffeate, methyl p-coumarate, and methyl sinapinate). A screening test for the detection of the gene encoding feruloyl esterase Lp_0796 revealed that it is generally present among L. plantarum strains. The present study constitutes the description of feruloyl esterase activity in L. plantarum and provides new insights into the metabolism of hydroxycinnamic compounds in this bacterial species. PMID:23793626

  3. Antibacterial effect of the adhering human Lactobacillus acidophilus strain LB.

    PubMed

    Coconnier, M H; Liévin, V; Bernet-Camard, M F; Hudault, S; Servin, A L

    1997-05-01

    The spent culture supernatant of the human Lactobacillus acidophilus strain LB produces an antibacterial activity against a wide range of gram-negative and gram-positive pathogens. It decreased the in vitro viability of Staphylococcus aureus, Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella typhimurium, Shigella flexneri, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Bacillus cereus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Enterobacter spp. In contrast, it did not inhibit lactobacilli and bifidobacteria. The activity was heat stable and relatively sensitive to enzymatic treatments and developed under acidic conditions. The antimicrobial activity was independent of lactic acid production. Activity against S. typhimurium SL1344 infecting human cultured intestinal Caco-2 cells was observed as it was in the conventional C3H/He/oujco mouse model with S. typhimurium C5 infection and oral treatment with the LB spent culture supernatant. PMID:9145867

  4. Inhibitory effect of Lactobacillus reuteri on periodontopathic and cariogenic bacteria.

    PubMed

    Kang, Mi-Sun; Oh, Jong-Suk; Lee, Hyun-Chul; Lim, Hoi-Soon; Lee, Seok-Woo; Yang, Kyu-Ho; Choi, Nam-Ki; Kim, Seon-Mi

    2011-04-01

    The interaction between Lactobacillus reuteri, a probiotic bacterium, and oral pathogenic bacteria have not been studied adequately. This study examined the effects of L. reuteri on the proliferation of periodontopathic bacteria including Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Fusobacterium nucleatum, Porphyromonas gingivalis, and Tannerella forsythia, and on the formation of Streptococcus mutans biofilms. Human-derived L. reuteri strains (KCTC 3594 and KCTC 3678) and rat-derived L. reuteri KCTC 3679 were used. All strains exhibited significant inhibitory effects on the growth of periodontopathic bacteria and the formation of S. mutans biofilms. These antibacterial activities of L. reuteri were attributed to the production of organic acids, hydrogen peroxide, and a bacteriocin-like compound. Reuterin, an antimicrobial factor, was produced only by L. reuteri KCTC 3594. In addition, L. reuteri inhibited the production of methyl mercaptan by F. nucleatum and P. gingivalis. Overall, these results suggest that L. reuteri may be useful as a probiotic agent for improving oral health. PMID:21538238

  5. Molecular Characterization of Three Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus Phages

    PubMed Central

    Casey, Eoghan; Mahony, Jennifer; O'Connell-Motherway, Mary; Bottacini, Francesca; Cornelissen, Anneleen; Neve, Horst; Heller, Knut J.; Noben, Jean-Paul; Dal Bello, Fabio

    2014-01-01

    In this study, three phages infecting Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus, named Ld3, Ld17, and Ld25A, were isolated from whey samples obtained from various industrial fermentations. These phages were further characterized in a multifaceted approach: (i) biological and physical characterization through host range analysis and electron microscopy; (ii) genetic assessment through genome analysis; (iii) mass spectrometry analysis of the structural components of the phages; and (iv), for one phage, transcriptional analysis by Northern hybridization, reverse transcription-PCR, and primer extension. The three obtained phage genomes display high levels of sequence identity to each other and to genomes of the so-called group b L. delbrueckii phages c5, LL-Ku, and phiLdb, where some of the observed differences are believed to be responsible for host range variations. PMID:25002431

  6. Characterization of a glutamate decarboxylase (GAD) gene from Lactobacillus zymae.

    PubMed

    Park, Ji Yeong; Jeong, Seon-Ju; Kim, Jeong Hwan

    2014-09-01

    Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) were isolated from Kimchi, a Korean traditional fermented vegetable food. LAB accumulating GABA (?-aminobutyric acid) in the culture media were screened by TLC analysis. One isolate, GU240, produced the highest amount of GABA among the 3,000 isolates and identified as a Lactobacillus zymae strain. Glutamate decarboxylase (GAD) gene was cloned and over-expressed in E. coli BL21(DE3) using pET26b(+). The recombinant GAD was purified by using a Ni-NTA column. Its size was 53 kDa by SDS-PAGE. Maximum GAD activity was at pH 4.5 and 41 °C and the activity was dependent on pyridoxal 5'-phosphate. Km and Vmax of LzGAD were 1.7 mM and 0.01 mM/min, respectively, when glutamate was used as a substrate. PMID:24770872

  7. Genetic determinants of reutericyclin biosynthesis in Lactobacillus reuteri.

    PubMed

    Lin, Xiaoxi B; Lohans, Christopher T; Duar, Rebbeca; Zheng, Jinshui; Vederas, John C; Walter, Jens; Gänzle, Michael

    2015-03-01

    Reutericyclin is a unique antimicrobial tetramic acid produced by some strains of Lactobacillus reuteri. This study aimed to identify the genetic determinants of reutericyclin biosynthesis. Comparisons of the genomes of reutericyclin-producing L. reuteri strains with those of non-reutericyclin-producing strains identified a genomic island of 14 open reading frames (ORFs) including genes coding for a nonribosomal peptide synthetase (NRPS), a polyketide synthase (PKS), homologues of PhlA, PhlB, and PhlC, and putative transport and regulatory proteins. The protein encoded by rtcN is composed of a condensation domain, an adenylation domain likely specific for d-leucine, and a thiolation domain. rtcK codes for a PKS that is composed of a ketosynthase domain, an acyl-carrier protein domain, and a thioesterase domain. The products of rtcA, rtcB, and rtcC are homologous to the diacetylphloroglucinol-biosynthetic proteins PhlABC and may acetylate the tetramic acid moiety produced by RtcN and RtcK, forming reutericyclin. Deletion of rtcN or rtcABC in L. reuteri TMW1.656 abrogated reutericyclin production but did not affect resistance to reutericyclin. Genes coding for transport and regulatory proteins could be deleted only in the reutericyclin-negative L. reuteri strain TMW1.656?rtcN, and these deletions eliminated reutericyclin resistance. The genomic analyses suggest that the reutericyclin genomic island was horizontally acquired from an unknown source during a unique event. The combination of PhlABC homologues with both an NRPS and a PKS has also been identified in the lactic acid bacteria Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus plantarum, suggesting that the genes in these organisms and those in L. reuteri share an evolutionary origin. PMID:25576609

  8. Inhibitory effect of Lactobacillus salivarius on Streptococcus mutans biofilm formation.

    PubMed

    Wu, C-C; Lin, C-T; Wu, C-Y; Peng, W-S; Lee, M-J; Tsai, Y-C

    2015-02-01

    Dental caries arises from an imbalance of metabolic activities in dental biofilms developed primarily by Streptococcus mutans. This study was conducted to isolate potential oral probiotics with antagonistic activities against S. mutans biofilm formation from Lactobacillus salivarius, frequently found in human saliva. We analysed 64 L. salivarius strains and found that two, K35 and K43, significantly inhibited S. mutans biofilm formation with inhibitory activities more pronounced than those of Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG), a prototypical probiotic that shows anti-caries activity. Scanning electron microscopy showed that co-culture of S. mutans with K35 or K43 resulted in significantly reduced amounts of attached bacteria and network-like structures, typically comprising exopolysaccharides. Spot assay for S. mutans indicated that K35 and K43 strains possessed a stronger bactericidal activity against S. mutans than LGG. Moreover, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction showed that the expression of genes encoding glucosyltransferases, gtfB, gtfC, and gtfD was reduced when S. mutans were co-cultured with K35 or K43. However, LGG activated the expression of gtfB and gtfC, but did not influence the expression of gtfD in the co-culture. A transwell-based biofilm assay indicated that these lactobacilli inhibited S. mutans biofilm formation in a contact-independent manner. In conclusion, we identified two L. salivarius strains with inhibitory activities on the growth and expression of S. mutans virulence genes to reduce its biofilm formation. This is not a general characteristic of the species, so presents a potential strategy for in vivo alteration of plaque biofilm and caries. PMID:24961744

  9. Characterization of Two Virulent Phages of Lactobacillus plantarum

    PubMed Central

    Briggiler Marcó, Mariángeles; Garneau, Josiane E.; Tremblay, Denise; Quiberoni, Andrea

    2012-01-01

    We characterized two Lactobacillus plantarum virulent siphophages, ATCC 8014-B1 (B1) and ATCC 8014-B2 (B2), previously isolated from corn silage and anaerobic sewage sludge, respectively. Phage B2 infected two of the eight L. plantarum strains tested, while phage B1 infected three. Phage adsorption was highly variable depending on the strain used. Phage defense systems were found in at least two L. plantarum strains, LMG9211 and WCSF1. The linear double-stranded DNA genome of the pac-type phage B1 had 38,002 bp, a G+C content of 47.6%, and 60 open reading frames (ORFs). Surprisingly, the phage B1 genome has 97% identity with that of Pediococcus damnosus phage clP1 and 77% identity with that of L. plantarum phage JL-1; these phages were isolated from sewage and cucumber fermentation, respectively. The double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) genome of the cos-type phage B2 had 80,618 bp, a G+C content of 36.9%, and 127 ORFs with similarities to those of Bacillus and Lactobacillus strains as well as phages. Some phage B2 genes were similar to ORFs from L. plantarum phage LP65 of the Myoviridae family. Additionally, 6 tRNAs were found in the phage B2 genome. Protein analysis revealed 13 (phage B1) and 9 (phage B2) structural proteins. To our knowledge, this is the first report describing such high identity between phage genomes infecting different genera of lactic acid bacteria. PMID:23042172

  10. Comparison of expression vectors in Lactobacillus reuteri strains.

    PubMed

    Lizier, Michela; Sarra, Pier G; Cauda, Roberto; Lucchini, Franco

    2010-07-01

    The synthesis of heterologous proteins in lactobacilli is strongly influenced by the promoter selected for the expression. In addition, the activity of the promoters themselves may vary among different bacterial hosts. Three different promoters were investigated for their capability to drive enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) expression in Lactococcus lactis spp. cremoris MG1363, in Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 20016(T) and in five L. reuteri strains isolated from chicken crops. The promoters of the Lactobacillus acidophilus surface layer protein gene (slp), L. acidophilus lactate dehydrogenase gene (ldhL) and enterococcal rRNA adenine N-6-methyltransferase gene (ermB) were fused to the coding sequence of EGFP and inserted into the backbone of the pTRKH3 shuttle vector (pTRKH3-slpGFP, pTRKH3-ldhGFP, pTRKH3-ermGFP). Besides conventional analytical methods, a new quick fluorimetric approach was set up to quantify the EGFP fluorescence in transformed clones using the Qubit() fluorometer. ermB proved to be the most effective promoter in L. reuteri isolates, producing 3.90 x 10(-7) g of fluorescent EGFP (mL OD(stationary culture))(-1). Under the same conditions, the ldhL promoter produced 2.66 x 10(-7) g of fluorescent EGFP (mL OD(stationary culture))(-1). Even though the slp promoter was efficient in L. lactis spp. cremoris MG1363, it was nearly inactive both in L. reuteri DSM 20016(T) and in L. reuteri isolates. PMID:20455948

  11. Lactic acid production from biomass-derived sugars via co-fermentation of Lactobacillus brevis and Lactobacillus plantarum.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Yixing; Vadlani, Praveen V

    2015-06-01

    Lignocellulosic biomass is an attractive alternative resource for producing chemicals and fuels. Xylose is the dominating sugar after hydrolysis of hemicellulose in the biomass, but most microorganisms either cannot ferment xylose or have a hierarchical sugar utilization pattern in which glucose is consumed first. To overcome this barrier, Lactobacillus brevis ATCC 367 was selected to produce lactic acid. This strain possesses a relaxed carbon catabolite repression mechanism that can use glucose and xylose simultaneously; however, lactic acid yield was only 0.52 g g(-1) from a mixture of glucose and xylose, and 5.1 g L(-1) of acetic acid and 8.3 g L(-1) of ethanol were also formed during production of lactic acid. The yield was significantly increased and ethanol production was significantly reduced if L. brevis was co-cultivated with Lactobacillus plantarum ATCC 21028. L. plantarum outcompeted L. brevis in glucose consumption, meaning that L. brevis was focused on converting xylose to lactic acid and the by-product, ethanol, was reduced due to less NADH generated in the fermentation system. Sequential co-fermentation of L. brevis and L. plantarum increased lactic acid yield to 0.80 g g(-1) from poplar hydrolyzate and increased yield to 0.78 g lactic acid per g of biomass from alkali-treated corn stover with minimum by-product formation. Efficient utilization of both cellulose and hemicellulose components of the biomass will improve overall lactic acid production and enable an economical process to produce biodegradable plastics. PMID:25561329

  12. Lactobacillus reuteri-Specific Immunoregulatory Gene rsiR Modulates Histamine Production and Immunomodulation by Lactobacillus reuteri

    PubMed Central

    Hemarajata, P.; Gao, C.; Pflughoeft, K. J.; Thomas, C. M.; Saulnier, D. M.; Spinler, J. K.

    2013-01-01

    Human microbiome-derived strains of Lactobacillus reuteri potently suppress proinflammatory cytokines like human tumor necrosis factor (TNF) by converting the amino acid l-histidine to the biogenic amine histamine. Histamine suppresses mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase activation and cytokine production by signaling via histamine receptor type 2 (H2) on myeloid cells. Investigations of the gene expression profiles of immunomodulatory L. reuteri ATCC PTA 6475 highlighted numerous genes that were highly expressed during the stationary phase of growth, when TNF suppression is most potent. One such gene was found to be a regulator of genes involved in histidine-histamine metabolism by this probiotic species. During the course of these studies, this gene was renamed the Lactobacillus reuteri-specific immunoregulatory (rsiR) gene. The rsiR gene is essential for human TNF suppression by L. reuteri and expression of the histidine decarboxylase (hdc) gene cluster on the L. reuteri chromosome. Inactivation of rsiR resulted in diminished TNF suppression in vitro and reduced anti-inflammatory effects in vivo in a trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS)-induced mouse model of acute colitis. A L. reuteri strain lacking an intact rsiR gene was unable to suppress colitis and resulted in greater concentrations of serum amyloid A (SAA) in the bloodstream of affected animals. The PhdcAB promoter region targeted by rsiR was defined by reporter gene experiments. These studies support the presence of a regulatory gene, rsiR, which modulates the expression of a gene cluster known to mediate immunoregulation by probiotics at the transcriptional level. These findings may point the way toward new strategies for controlling gene expression in probiotics by dietary interventions or microbiome manipulation. PMID:24123819

  13. Enhancement of natural and acquired immunity by Lactobacillus rhamnosus (HN001), Lactobacillus acidophilus (HN017) and Bifidobacterium lactis (HN019).

    PubMed

    Gill, H S; Rutherfurd, K J; Prasad, J; Gopal, P K

    2000-02-01

    Consumption of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) has been suggested to confer a range of health benefits including stimulation of the immune system and increased resistance to malignancy and infectious illness. In the present study, the effects of feeding Lactobacillus rhamnosus (HN001, DR20), Lactobacillus acidophilus (HN017) and Bifidobacterium lactis (HN019, DR10) on in vivo and in vitro indices of natural and acquired immunity in healthy mice were examined. Mice were fed daily with L. rhamnosus, L. acidophilus or B. lactis (10(9) colony forming units) and their immune function was assessed on day 10 or day 28. Supplementation with L. rhamnosus, L. acidophilus or B. lactis resulted in a significant increase in the phagocytic activity of peripheral blood leucocytes and peritoneal macrophages compared with the control mice. The proliferative responses of spleen cells to concanavalin A (a T-cell mitogen) and lipopolysaccharide (a B-cell mitogen) were also significantly enhanced in mice given different LAB. Spleen cells from mice given L. rhamnosus, L. acidophilus or B. lactis also produced significantly higher amounts of interferon-gamma in response to stimulation with concanavalin A than cells from the control mice. LAB feeding had no significant effect on interleukin-4 production by spleen cells or on the percentages of CD4+, CD8+ and CD40+ cells in the blood. The serum antibody responses to orally and systemically administered antigens were also significantly enhanced by supplementation with L. rhamnosus, L. acidophilus or B. lactis. Together, these results suggest that supplementation of the diet with L. rhamnosus (HN001), L. acidophilus (HN017) or B. lactis (HN019) is able to enhance several indices of natural and acquired immunity in healthy mice. PMID:10743496

  14. Commercially available probiotic drinks containing Lactobacillus casei DN-114001 reduce antibiotic-associated diarrhea

    PubMed Central

    Dietrich, Christoph G; Kottmann, Tanja; Alavi, Manuela

    2014-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the effect of Lactobacillus-containing commercially available probiotic formulations in Germany during antibiotic treatment with an analysis of cost-efficiency. METHODS: In an observational study, we analyzed the frequency of bowel movements from 258 patients with infections in a primary care hospital in western Germany; 107 of the patients were offered a probiotic drink containing at least 10 billion cultures of Lactobacillus casei DN 114001 b.i.d. The economic analysis was based on the costs of patient isolation vs preventive intake of probiotics. In a second pilot study, two commercially available probiotic drinks with different Lactobacillus casei strains were directly compared in 60 patients in a randomized controlled fashion. RESULTS: In the first study, the incidence of antibiotic-associated diarrhea (AAD) was significantly reduced in the intervention group (6.5% vs 28.4%), and the duration of AAD in days was significantly shorter (1.7 ± 1.1 vs 3.1 ± 2.1). Higher age and creatinine and lower albumin were identified as risk factors for AAD. Ampicillin was the antibiotic with the highest rate of AAD (50%) and with the greatest AAD reduction in the probiotic group (4.2%, relative risk reduction 92%). The economic analysis showed a cost advantage of nearly 60000 €/year in a department of this size. The second study confirmed the preventive effect of the drink with Lactobacillus casei DN114001; however, there were no advantages found for the other tested probiotic drink containing Lactobacillus casei Shirota. CONCLUSION: In contrast to a drink containing Lactobacillus casei Shirota, a commercially available probiotic drink containing Lactobacillus casei DN 114001 cost-efficiently reduces the prevalence of AAD during antibiotic treatment. PMID:25400470

  15. Selective and differential enumerations of Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus, Streptococcus thermophilus, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus casei and Bifidobacterium spp. in yoghurt--a review.

    PubMed

    Ashraf, Rabia; Shah, Nagendra P

    2011-10-01

    Yoghurt is increasingly being used as a carrier of probiotic bacteria for their potential health benefits. To meet with a recommended level of ?10(6) viable cells/g of a product, assessment of viability of probiotic bacteria in market preparations is crucial. This requires a working method for selective enumeration of these probiotic bacteria and lactic acid bacteria in yoghurt such as Streptococcus thermophilus, Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus, Lb. acidophilus, Lb. casei and Bifidobacterium. This chapter presents an overview of media that could be used for differential and selective enumerations of yoghurt bacteria. De Man Rogosa Sharpe agar containing fructose (MRSF), MRS agar pH 5.2 (MRS 5.2), reinforced clostridial prussian blue agar at pH 5.0 (RCPB 5.0) or reinforced clostridial agar at pH 5.3 (RCA 5.3) are suitable for enumeration of Lb. delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus when the incubation is carried out at 45°C for 72h. S. thermophilus (ST) agar and M17 are recommended for selective enumeration of S. thermophilus. Selective enumeration of Lb. acidophilus in mixed culture could be made in Rogosa agar added with 5-bromo-4-chloro-3-indolyl-?-d-glucopyranoside (X-Glu) or MRS containing maltose (MRSM) and incubation in a 20% CO2 atmosphere. Lb. casei could be selectively enumerated on specially formulated Lb. casei (LC) agar from products containing yoghurt starter bacteria (S. thermophilus and Lb. delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus), Lb. acidophilus, Bifidobacterium spp. and Lb. casei. Bifidobacterium could be enumerated on MRS agar supplemented with nalidixic acid, paromomycin, neomycin sulphate and lithium chloride (MRS-NPNL) under anaerobic incubation at 37°C for 72h. PMID:21807435

  16. Lactobacillus suntoryeus Cachat and Priest 2005 is a later synonym of Lactobacillus helveticus (Orla-Jensen 1919) Bergey et al. 1925 (Approved Lists 1980).

    PubMed

    Naser, Sabri M; Hagen, Karen E; Vancanneyt, Marc; Cleenwerck, Ilse; Swings, Jean; Tompkins, Thomas A

    2006-02-01

    Strain R0052, isolated from a North American dairy starter culture, was initially identified as Lactobacillus acidophilus based on phenotypic analyses. However, upon sequencing the 16S rRNA gene, it became clear that the isolate was very highly related to Lactobacillus suntoryeus, Lactobacillus helveticus and Lactobacillus gallinarum, as similarities ranging from 99.3 to 99.8 % were observed. As an initial screening test to investigate the relatedness of strain R0052 and reference strains of L. suntoryeus, L. helveticus and L. gallinarum, the partial sequences for the genes encoding the alpha subunit of ATP synthase (atpA), RNA polymerase alpha subunit (rpoA), phenylalanyl-tRNA synthase alpha subunit (pheS), the translational elongation factor Tu (tuf), a surface-layer protein (slp) and the Hsp60 chaperonins (groEL) were determined and they revealed high relatedness between all of the strains. The determination of the 16S-23S rRNA internally transcribed spacer (ITS) sequences revealed 98.3-100% similarity between L. suntoryeus and L. helveticus strains. SDS-PAGE of whole-cell proteins did not distinguish between these species. Fluorescent amplified fragment length polymorphism (FAFLP) could distinguish between these taxa, but they still constituted a single cluster within the L. acidophilus group. Finally, DNA-DNA hybridization experiments between strain R0052 and the type strains of L. helveticus and L. suntoryeus yielded reassociation values above 70% and confirmed that these names are synonyms. PMID:16449439

  17. Lactobacillus acidophilus and Lactobacillus crispatus culture supernatants downregulate expression of cancer-testis genes in the MDA-MB-231 cell line.

    PubMed

    Azam, Rosa; Ghafouri-Fard, Soudeh; Tabrizi, Mina; Modarressi, Mohammad-Hossein; Ebrahimzadeh-Vesal, Reza; Daneshvar, Maryam; Mobasheri, Maryam Beigom; Motevaseli, Elahe

    2014-01-01

    Lactobacilli are probiotics shown to have antitumor activities. In addition, they can regulate gene expression through epigenetic mechanisms. In this study, we aimed to assess anti tumor activities of Lactobacillus acidophilus and Lactobacillus crispatus on the MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cell line. The effects of culture supernatants were determined by MTT [3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-y-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide] assay. Changes in expression of 5 cancer-testis antigens (CTAs), namely AKAP4, ODF4, PIWIL2, RHOXF2 and TSGA10 ,were analyzed by quantitative real time RT-PCR. The culture supernatants of the 2 lactobacilli inhibited MDA-MB-231 cell proliferation. In addition, transcriptional activity of all mentioned CTAs except AKAP4 was significantly decreased after 24 hour treatment with culture supernatants. This study shows that Lactobacillus acidophilus and Lactobacillus crispatus have antiproliferative activity against MDA-MB-231 cells. In addition, these lactobacilli could decrease transcriptional activity of 4 CTAs. Previous studies have shown that expression of CTAs is epigenetically regulated, so it is possible that lactobacilli cause this expression downregulation through epigenetic mechanisms. As expression of CTAs in cancers is usually associated with higher grades and poor prognosis, downregulation of their expression by lactobacilli may have clinical implications. PMID:24935380

  18. Differentiation of Lactobacillus plantarum, L. pentosus, and L. paraplantarum by recA Gene Sequence Analysis and Multiplex PCR Assay with recA Gene-Derived Primers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    SANDRA TORRIANI; GIOVANNA E. FELIS; FRANCO DELLAGLIO

    2001-01-01

    In this study, we succeeded in differentiating Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus pentosus, and Lactobacillus paraplantarum by means of recA gene sequence comparison. Short homologous regions of about 360 bp were amplified by PCR with degenerate consensus primers, sequenced, and analyzed, and 322 bp were considered for the inference of phylogenetic trees. Phylograms, obtained by parsimony, maximum likelihood, and analysis of data

  19. A High-Molecular-Mass Surface Protein (Lsp) and Methionine Sulfoxide Reductase B (MsrB) Contribute to the Ecological Performance of Lactobacillus reuteri in the Murine Gut

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jens Walter; Patrice Chagnaud; Gerald W. Tannock; Diane M. Loach; Fabio Dal Bello; Howard F. Jenkinson; Walter P. Hammes; Christian Hertel

    2005-01-01

    Members of the genus Lactobacillus are common inhabitants of the gut, yet little is known about the traits that contribute to their ecological performance in gastrointestinal ecosystems. Lactobacillus reuteri 100-23 persists in the gut of the reconstituted Lactobacillus-free mouse after a single oral inoculation. Recently, three genes of this strain that were specifically induced (in vivo induced) in the murine

  20. Lactobacillus fermentum ME-3 – an antimicrobial and antioxidative probiotic

    PubMed Central

    Mikelsaar, Marika; Zilmer, Mihkel

    2009-01-01

    The paper lays out the short scientific history and characteristics of the new probiotic Lactobacillus fermentum strain ME-3 DSM-14241, elaborated according to the regulations of WHO/FAO (2002). L. fermentum ME-3 is a unique strain of Lactobacillus species, having at the same time the antimicrobial and physiologically effective antioxidative properties and expressing health-promoting characteristics if consumed. Tartu University has patented this strain in Estonia (priority June 2001, patent in 2006), Russia (patent in 2006) and the USA (patent in 2007). The paper describes the process of the identification and molecular typing of this probiotic strain of human origin, its deposition in an international culture collection, and its safety assessment by laboratory tests and testing on experimental animals and volunteers. It has been established that L. fermentum strain ME-3 has double functional properties: antimicrobial activity against intestinal pathogens and high total antioxidative activity (TAA) and total antioxidative status (TAS) of intact cells and lysates, and it is characterized by a complete glutathione system: synthesis, uptake and redox turnover. The functional efficacy of the antimicrobial and antioxidative probiotic has been proven by the eradication of salmonellas and the reduction of liver and spleen granulomas in Salmonella Typhimurium-infected mice treated with the combination of ofloxacin and L. fermentum strain ME-3. Using capsules or foodstuffs enriched with L. fermentum ME-3, different clinical study designs (including double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover studies) and different subjects (healthy volunteers, allergic patients and those recovering from a stroke), it has been shown that this probiotic increased the antioxidative activity of sera and improved the composition of the low-density lipid particles (LDL) and post-prandial lipids as well as oxidative stress status, thus demonstrating a remarkable anti-atherogenic effect. The elaboration of the probiotic L. fermentum strain ME-3 has drawn on wide international cooperative research and has taken more than 12 years altogether. The new ME-3 probiotic-containing products have been successfully marketed and sold in Baltic countries and Finland. PMID:19381356

  1. Some low homogenization pressures improve certain probiotic characteristics of yogurt culture bacteria and Lactobacillus acidophilus LA-K 1

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T. Muramalla; K. J. Aryana

    2011-01-01

    Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus, Streptococcus salivarius ssp. thermophilus, and Lactobacillus acidophilus are dairy cultures widely used in the manufacture of cultured dairy products. Commonly used homogenization pressures in the dairy industry are 13.80 MPa or less. It is not known whether low homogenization pressures can stimulate bacteria to improve their probiotic characteristics. Objectives were to determine the effect of homogenization

  2. Detection and identification of Lactobacillus bacteria found in the honey stomach of the giant honeybee Apis dorsata

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Naser Tajabadi; Makhdzir Mardan; Mohd Yazid Abdul Manap; Mustafa Shuhaimi; Amir Meimandipour; Leila Nateghi

    This is the first assay that describes the isolation and identification of strains and species of Lactobacillus from the honey stomach of the Asiatic giant honeybee, Apis dorsata. Samples of honeybees were collected from A. dorsata colonies in different bee trees, and Lactobacillus was isolated from honey stomachs using selective media. The isolates were Gram-stained and tested for catalase reaction.

  3. Genome Sequence of Lactobacillus curieae CCTCC M 2011381T, a Novel Producer of Gamma-aminobutyric Acid

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Ying; Wang, Yu; Lang, Chong; Wei, Dongzhi; Xu, Ping

    2015-01-01

    Lactobacillus curieae CCTCC M 2011381T is a novel species of the genus Lactobacillus and a gamma-aminobutyric acid producer that was isolated from stinky tofu brine. Here, we present a 2.19-Mb assembly of its genome, which may provide further insights into the molecular mechanisms underlying its beneficial properties. PMID:26021929

  4. Adaptation of the Nisin-Controlled Expression System in Lactobacillus plantarum: a Tool To Study In Vivo Biological Effects

    Microsoft Academic Search

    SONIA PAVAN; PASCAL HOLS; JEAN DELCOUR; MARIE-CLAUDE GEOFFROY; CORINNE GRANGETTE; MICHIEL KLEEREBEZEM; ANNICK MERCENIER

    2000-01-01

    The potential of lactic acid bacteria as live vehicles for the production and delivery of therapeutic molecules is being actively investigated today. For future applications it is essential to be able to establish dose-response curves for the targeted biological effect and thus to control the production of a heterologous biopeptide by a live lactobacillus. We therefore implemented in Lactobacillus plantarum

  5. Combination of Multiplex PCR and PCR-Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis for Monitoring Common Sourdough-Associated Lactobacillus Species

    PubMed Central

    Settanni, Luca; Valmorri, Sara; van Sinderen, Douwe; Suzzi, Giovanna; Paparella, Antonello; Corsetti, Aldo

    2006-01-01

    A combination of denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) and a previously described multiplex PCR approach was employed to detect sourdough lactobacilli. Primers specific for certain groups of Lactobacillus spp. were used to amplify fragments, which were analyzed by DGGE. DGGE profiles obtained from Lactobacillus type strains acted as standards to analyze lactobacilli from four regional Abruzzo (central Italy) sourdoughs. PMID:16672538

  6. Lack of Effect of Lactobacillus GG on Antibiotic-Associated Diarrhea: A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Trial

    Microsoft Academic Search

    MATTHEW R. THOMAS; SCOTT C. LITIN; DOUGLAS R. OSMON; ANDREW P. CORR; AMY L. WEAVER; CHRISTINE M. LOHSE

    • Objectives: To assess the efficacy of Lactobacillus GG in preventing antibiotic-associated diarrhea (AAD) in adults and, secondarily, to assess the effect of coadmin- istered Lactobacillus GG on the number of tests performed to determine the cause of diarrhea. • Patients and Methods: In this prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial conducted from July 1998 to October 1999, 302 hospitalized patients

  7. Draft Genome Sequence of Lactobacillus sakei Strain wikim 22, Isolated from Kimchi in Chungcheong Province, South Korea.

    PubMed

    Lim, Hyeong In; Lee, Jina; Jang, Ja Young; Park, Hae Woong; Choi, Hak-Jong; Kim, Tae-Woon; Kang, Mi Ran; Lee, Jong-Hee

    2014-01-01

    We report the draft genome sequence of Lactobacillus sakei strain wikim 22, a Lactobacillus species isolated from kimchi in North Chungcheong Province, South Korea, having 155 contigs with 2,447 genes and an average G+C content of 40.61%. PMID:25502679

  8. Bile tolerance and its effect on antibiotic susceptibility of probiotic Lactobacillus candidates.

    PubMed

    Hyacinta, Májeková; Hana, Ki?ová Sepová; Andrea, Bilková; Barbora, ?isárová

    2015-05-01

    Before use in practice, it is necessary to precisely identify and characterize a new probiotic candidate. Eight animal lactobacilli and collection strain Lactobacillus reuteri CCM 3625 were studied from the point of saccharide fermentation profiles, bile salt resistance, antibiogram profiles, and influence of bile on sensitivity to antibiotics. Studied lactobacilli differed in their sugar fermentation ability determined by API 50CHL and their identification based on these profiles did not correspond with molecular-biological one in most cases. Survival of strains Lactobacillus murinus C and L. reuteri KO4b was not affected by presence of bile. The resistance of genus Lactobacillus to vancomycin and quinolones (ofloxacin, ciprofloxacin) was confirmed in all strains tested. This study provides the new information about oxgall (0.5 and 1 %) effect on the lactobacilli antibiotic susceptibility. Antibiotic profiles were not noticeably affected, and both bile concentrations tested had comparable impact on the lactobacilli antibiotic sensitivity. Interesting change was noticed in L. murinus C, where the resistance to cephalosporins was reverted to susceptibility. Similarly, susceptibility of L. reuteri E to ceftazidime arose after incubation in both concentration of bile. After influence of 1 % bile, Lactobacillus mucosae D lost its resistance to gentamicin. On the base of gained outcomes, the best probiotic properties manifested L. reuteri KO4b, Lactobacillus plantarum KG4, and L. reuteri E due to their survival in the presence of bile. PMID:25413644

  9. Lactobacillus supplementation for diarrhoea related to chemotherapy of colorectal cancer: a randomised study

    PubMed Central

    Österlund, P; Ruotsalainen, T; Korpela, R; Saxelin, M; Ollus, A; Valta, P; Kouri, M; Elomaa, I; Joensuu, H

    2007-01-01

    5-Fluorouracil (5-FU)-based chemotherapy is frequently associated with diarrhoea. We compared two 5-FU-based regimens and the effect of Lactobacillus and fibre supplementation on treatment tolerability. Patients diagnosed with colorectal cancer (n=150) were randomly allocated to receive monthly 5-FU and leucovorin bolus injections (the Mayo regimen) or a bimonthly 5-FU bolus plus continuous infusion (the simplified de Gramont regimen) for 24 weeks as postoperative adjuvant therapy. On the basis of random allocation, the study participants did or did not receive Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG supplementation (1–2 × 1010 per day) and fibre (11?g guar gum per day) during chemotherapy. Patients who received Lactobacillus had less grade 3 or 4 diarrhoea (22 vs 37%, P=0.027), reported less abdominal discomfort, needed less hospital care and had fewer chemotherapy dose reductions due to bowel toxicity. No Lactobacillus-related toxicity was detected. Guar gum supplementation had no influence on chemotherapy tolerability. The simplified de Gramont regimen was associated with fewer grade 3 or 4 adverse effects than the Mayo regimen (45 vs 89%), and with less diarrhoea. We conclude that Lactobacillus GG supplementation is well tolerated and may reduce the frequency of severe diarrhoea and abdominal discomfort related to 5-FU-based chemotherapy. PMID:17895895

  10. Lactobacillus concavus sp. nov., isolated from the walls of a distilled spirit fermenting cellar in China.

    PubMed

    Tong, Huichun; Dong, Xiuzhu

    2005-09-01

    Two novel Lactobacillus strains, C-5-1(T) and HB5, were isolated from the walls of a distilled spirit fermenting cellar in Hebei province, China. The strains were Gram-positive, non-spore-forming, non-motile curved rods and were facultatively anaerobic. They produced 5% (-)-D/95% (+)-L lactic acid exclusively from glucose fermentation, but were catalase-negative. Both strains fermented N-acetylglucosamine, arbutin, salicin, cellobiose, maltose, trehalose and beta-gentiobiose. The mean DNA G+C content of the two strains was 46.9+/-0.8 mol% (46.4 mol% for the type strain, C-5-1(T)). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity showed that strain C-5-1(T) was clustered in the Lactobacillus casei/Pediococcus phylogenetic group and was closely related to Pediococcus dextrinicus JCM 5887(T) (97.9% similarity), followed by Lactobacillus algidus JCM 10491(T) (93.9% similarity). The DNA-DNA relatedness between the type strain C-5-1(T) and P. dextrinicus JCM 5887(T) and L. algidus JCM 10491(T) was only 5.4 and 4.3%, respectively. Therefore, based on phenotypic, genotypic and phylogenetic analyses, a novel Lactobacillus species, Lactobacillus concavus sp. nov., is proposed. The type strain is C-5-1(T) (=AS 1.5017(T)=LMG 22739(T)). PMID:16166732

  11. Human ?-amylase present in lower-genital-tract mucosal fluid processes glycogen to support vaginal colonization by Lactobacillus.

    PubMed

    Spear, Gregory T; French, Audrey L; Gilbert, Douglas; Zariffard, M Reza; Mirmonsef, Paria; Sullivan, Thomas H; Spear, William W; Landay, Alan; Micci, Sandra; Lee, Byung-Hoo; Hamaker, Bruce R

    2014-10-01

    Lactobacillus colonization of the lower female genital tract provides protection from the acquisition of sexually transmitted diseases, including human immunodeficiency virus, and from adverse pregnancy outcomes. While glycogen in vaginal epithelium is thought to support Lactobacillus colonization in vivo, many Lactobacillus isolates cannot utilize glycogen in vitro. This study investigated how glycogen could be utilized by vaginal lactobacilli in the genital tract. Several Lactobacillus isolates were confirmed to not grow in glycogen, but did grow in glycogen-breakdown products, including maltose, maltotriose, maltopentaose, maltodextrins, and glycogen treated with salivary ?-amylase. A temperature-dependent glycogen-degrading activity was detected in genital fluids that correlated with levels of ?-amylase. Treatment of glycogen with genital fluids resulted in production of maltose, maltotriose, and maltotetraose, the major products of ?-amylase digestion. These studies show that human ?-amylase is present in the female lower genital tract and elucidates how epithelial glycogen can support Lactobacillus colonization in the genital tract. PMID:24737800

  12. Hemagglutination activity of Lactobacillus acidophilus group lactic acid bacteria.

    PubMed

    Yamada, M; Saito, T; Toba, T; Kitazawa, H; Uemura, J; Itoh, T

    1994-05-01

    The cells of 28 strains of the Lactobacillus acidophilus group were evaluated for hemagglutination (HA) activity. The activity was found in the surface layer (SL) protein fraction extracted by 2 M guanidine hydrochloride. The most SL proteins from the A group strains (L. acidophilus (A1), L. crispatus (A2), L. amylovorus (A3), and L. gallinarum (A4)) showed HA activity, but the proteins from the B group strains (L. gasseri (B1) and L. johnsonii (B2)) showed no activity. The SL proteins from the A group strains were composed in common of a main component having molecular mass of about 40-45 kDa on SDS-PAGE. The SL proteins from JCM 1034 strain that showed the highest HA activity was fractionated by CM-Toyopearl ion-exchange chromatography. The highest HA activity was detected in the major protein of 41 kDa. This protein was purified and shown to be composed of about 50% of hydrophobic amino acids. The HA activity of the protein (1034 lectin) was specifically inhibited by fetuin and bovine lactoferrin at the concentrations of 80 and 160 micrograms/ml, respectively. The removal of N-acetylneuraminic acid from fetuin significantly decreased the inhibitory activity. PMID:7517228

  13. CRISPR–Cas9-assisted recombineering in Lactobacillus reuteri

    PubMed Central

    Oh, Jee-Hwan; van Pijkeren, Jan-Peter

    2014-01-01

    Clustered regularly interspaced palindromic repeats (CRISPRs) and the CRISPR-associated (Cas) nuclease protect bacteria and archeae from foreign DNA by site-specific cleavage of incoming DNA. Type-II CRISPR–Cas systems, such as the Streptococcus pyogenes CRISPR–Cas9 system, can be adapted such that Cas9 can be guided to a user-defined site in the chromosome to introduce double-stranded breaks. Here we have developed and optimized CRISPR–Cas9 function in the lactic acid bacterium Lactobacillus reuteri ATCC PTA 6475. We established proof-of-concept showing that CRISPR–Cas9 selection combined with single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) recombineering is a realistic approach to identify at high efficiencies edited cells in a lactic acid bacterium. We show for three independent targets that subtle changes in the bacterial genome can be recovered at efficiencies ranging from 90 to 100%. By combining CRISPR–Cas9 and recombineering, we successfully applied codon saturation mutagenesis in the L. reuteri chromosome. Also, CRISPR–Cas9 selection is critical to identify low-efficiency events such as oligonucleotide-mediated chromosome deletions. This also means that CRISPR–Cas9 selection will allow identification of recombinant cells in bacteria with low recombineering efficiencies, eliminating the need for ssDNA recombineering optimization procedures. We envision that CRISPR–Cas genome editing has the potential to change the landscape of genome editing in lactic acid bacteria, and other Gram-positive bacteria. PMID:25074379

  14. Lactobacillus salivarius CTC2197 Prevents Salmonella enteritidis Colonization in Chickens

    PubMed Central

    Pascual, Mònica; Hugas, Marta; Badiola, Jose Ignacio; Monfort, Josep Maria; Garriga, Margarita

    1999-01-01

    A rifampin-resistant Lactobacillus salivarius strain, CTC2197, was assessed as a probiotic in poultry, by studying its ability to prevent Salmonella enteritidis C-114 colonization in chickens. When the probiotic strain was dosed by oral gavage together with S. enteritidis C-114 directly into the proventriculus in 1-day-old Leghorn chickens, the pathogen was completely removed from the birds after 21 days. The same results were obtained when the probiotic strain was also administered through the feed and the drinking water apart from direct inoculation into the proventriculus. The inclusion of L. salivarius CTC2197 in the first day chicken feed revealed that a concentration of 105 CFU g?1 was enough to ensure the colonization of the gastrointestinal tract of the birds after 1 week. However, between 21 and 28 days, L. salivarius CTC2197 was undetectable in the gastrointestinal tract of some birds, showing that more than one dose would be necessary to ensure its presence till the end of the rearing time. Freeze-drying and freezing with glycerol or skim milk as cryoprotective agents, appeared to be suitable methods to preserve the probiotic strain. The inclusion of the L. salivarius CTC2197 in a commercial feed mixture seemed to be a good way to supply it on the farm, although the strain showed sensitivity to the temperatures used during the feed mixture storage and in the chicken incubator rooms. Moreover, survival had been improved after several reinoculations in chicken feed mixture. PMID:10543812

  15. Timely approaches to identify probiotic species of the genus Lactobacillus

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Over the past decades the use of probiotics in food has increased largely due to the manufacturer’s interest in placing “healthy” food on the market based on the consumer’s ambitions to live healthy. Due to this trend, health benefits of products containing probiotic strains such as lactobacilli are promoted and probiotic strains have been established in many different products with their numbers increasing steadily. Probiotics are used as starter cultures in dairy products such as cheese or yoghurts and in addition they are also utilized in non-dairy products such as fermented vegetables, fermented meat and pharmaceuticals, thereby, covering a large variety of products. To assure quality management, several pheno-, physico- and genotyping methods have been established to unambiguously identify probiotic lactobacilli. These methods are often specific enough to identify the probiotic strains at genus and species levels. However, the probiotic ability is often strain dependent and it is impossible to distinguish strains by basic microbiological methods. Therefore, this review aims to critically summarize and evaluate conventional identification methods for the genus Lactobacillus, complemented by techniques that are currently being developed. PMID:24063519

  16. Acid Tolerance of Leuconostoc mesenteroides and Lactobacillus plantarum†

    PubMed Central

    McDonald, L. C.; Fleming, H. P.; Hassan, H. M.

    1990-01-01

    In this study, we determined the internal cellular pH response of Leuconostoc mesenteroides and Lactobacillus plantarum to the external pH created by the microorganisms themselves or by lactic or acetic acids and their salts added to the growth medium. Growth of Leuconostoc mesenteroides stopped when its internal pH reached 5.4 to 5.7, and growth of L. plantarum stopped when its internal pH reached 4.6 to 4.8. Variation in growth medium composition or pH did not alter the growth-limiting internal pH reached by these microorganisms. L. plantarum maintained its pH gradient in the presence of either 160 mM sodium acetate or sodium lactate down to an external pH of 3.0 with either acid. In contrast, the ?pH of Leuconostoc mesenteroides was zero at pH 4.0 with acetate and 5.0 with lactate. No differences were found between d-(?)- and l-(+)-lactic acid for the limiting internal pH for growth of either microorganism. The comparatively low growth-limiting internal pH and ability to maintain a pH gradient at high organic acid concentration may contribute to the ability of L. plantarum to terminate vegetable fermentations. PMID:16348238

  17. The adsorption of ochratoxin a by lactobacillus species.

    PubMed

    Piotrowska, Ma?gorzata

    2014-09-01

    The objective of this study was to examine ochratoxin A (OTA) binding by three lactic acid bacteria (LAB) species: Lactobacillus plantarum, L. brevis, and L. sanfranciscensis. Experiments were conducted using MRS medium and PBS buffer contaminated with 1000 ng/mL OTA and inoculated with live or thermally inactivated bacterial biomass at a concentration of 1 or 5 mg dry weight/mL. It was found that, depending on the strain and biomass density, live bacterial cells reduced OTA content by 16.9% to 35% in MRS medium and by 14.8% to 26.4% in PBS after 24 h of contact. OTA binding was higher in the case of thermally inactivated bacterial biomass (46.2% to 59.8%). The process is very rapid: OTA was removed from PBS as early as after 30 min of contact. The binding of the toxin by cells was partially reversible under the treatment by water and 1 M HCl. The results show that OTA is adsorbed to the surface structures of the cell wall, which is promoted not only by the hydrophobic properties of the cell wall, but also by electron donor-acceptor and Lewis acid-base interactions. PMID:25247265

  18. CRISPR-Cas9-assisted recombineering in Lactobacillus reuteri.

    PubMed

    Oh, Jee-Hwan; van Pijkeren, Jan-Peter

    2014-01-01

    Clustered regularly interspaced palindromic repeats (CRISPRs) and the CRISPR-associated (Cas) nuclease protect bacteria and archeae from foreign DNA by site-specific cleavage of incoming DNA. Type-II CRISPR-Cas systems, such as the Streptococcus pyogenes CRISPR-Cas9 system, can be adapted such that Cas9 can be guided to a user-defined site in the chromosome to introduce double-stranded breaks. Here we have developed and optimized CRISPR-Cas9 function in the lactic acid bacterium Lactobacillus reuteri ATCC PTA 6475. We established proof-of-concept showing that CRISPR-Cas9 selection combined with single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) recombineering is a realistic approach to identify at high efficiencies edited cells in a lactic acid bacterium. We show for three independent targets that subtle changes in the bacterial genome can be recovered at efficiencies ranging from 90 to 100%. By combining CRISPR-Cas9 and recombineering, we successfully applied codon saturation mutagenesis in the L. reuteri chromosome. Also, CRISPR-Cas9 selection is critical to identify low-efficiency events such as oligonucleotide-mediated chromosome deletions. This also means that CRISPR-Cas9 selection will allow identification of recombinant cells in bacteria with low recombineering efficiencies, eliminating the need for ssDNA recombineering optimization procedures. We envision that CRISPR-Cas genome editing has the potential to change the landscape of genome editing in lactic acid bacteria, and other Gram-positive bacteria. PMID:25074379

  19. A Hydrolase from Lactobacillus sakei Moonlights as a Transaminase

    PubMed Central

    Sinz, Quirin; Freiding, Simone; Vogel, Rudi F.

    2013-01-01

    Enzymatic transamination of amino acids yields ?-keto acids and is the initial step for the production of volatile compounds that contribute to the sensory perception of fermented foods such as salami. Lactobacillus sakei is one of the lactic acid bacterial strains commonly used in starter cultures. Although the genome sequence of L. sakei 23K lacks genes encoding typical branched-chain amino acid transaminases, transamination activity and the formation of amino acid-derived volatile metabolites could be demonstrated. A protein purified from L. sakei is held responsible for the transamination activity. By heterologous expression of the corresponding gene in Escherichia coli, we were able to characterize the transamination side activity of an enzyme annotated as a putative acylphosphatase (AcP). A transamination side activity of hen egg white lysozyme (HEWL) was also discovered. Both enzymes showed substrate specificity toward branched-chain and aromatic amino acids. AcP also accepted l-methionine. Activity was optimal at neutral pH for both enzymes, whereas AcP showed a significantly higher temperature optimum (55°C) than that of HEWL (37°C). Kinetic parameters revealed high affinity toward l-leucine for AcP (Km = 1.85 mM) and toward l-isoleucine for HEWL (Km = 3.79 mM). AcP seems to play a major role in the metabolism of amino acids in L. sakei. PMID:23354716

  20. Adhesion properties of potentially probiotic Lactobacillus kefiri to gastrointestinal mucus.

    PubMed

    Carasi, Paula; Ambrosis, Nicolás M; De Antoni, Graciela L; Bressollier, Philippe; Urdaci, María C; Serradell, María de los Angeles

    2014-02-01

    We investigated the mucus-binding properties of aggregating and non-aggregating potentially probiotic strains of kefir-isolated Lactobacillus kefiri, using different substrates. All the strains were able to adhere to commercial gastric mucin (MUCIN) and extracted mucus from small intestine (SIM) and colon (CM). The extraction of surface proteins from bacteria using LiCl or NaOH significantly reduced the adhesion of three selected strains (CIDCA 8348, CIDCA 83115 and JCM 5818); although a significant proportion (up to 50%) of S-layer proteins were not completely eliminated after treatments. The surface (S-layer) protein extracts from all the strains of Lb. kefiri were capable of binding to MUCIN, SIM or CM, and no differences were observed among them. The addition of their own surface protein extract increased adhesion of CIDCA 8348 and 83115 to MUCIN and SIM, meanwhile no changes in adhesion were observed for JCM 5818. None of the seven sugars tested had the ability to inhibit the adhesion of whole bacteria to the three mucus extracts. Noteworthy, the degree of bacterial adhesion reached in the presence of their own surface protein (S-layer) extract decreased to basal levels in the presence of some sugars, suggesting an interaction between the added sugar and the surface proteins. In conclusion, the ability of these food-isolated bacteria to adhere to gastrointestinal mucus becomes an essential issue regarding the biotechnological potentiality of Lb. kefiri for the food industry. PMID:24168928

  1. Transcriptome response of Lactobacillus sakei to meat protein environment.

    PubMed

    Xu, Hui-qing; Gao, Lu; Jiang, Yun-shen; Tian, Ying; Peng, Jin; Xa, Qi-quan; Chen, Yu

    2015-04-01

    Lactobacillus sakei is a heterofermentative species of lactic acid bacteria that is used in industrial meat fermentation. To investigate adaptation in a meat environment, whole-genome DNA microarrays were used to analyze the gene expression related to growth and survival of L. sakei strain La22 when grown in sarcoplasmic (S-) or myofibrillar (M-) protein-supplemented chemically defined medium (CDM). Differential expression was detected in 551 genes. Genes encoding enzymes involved in peptide hydrolysis were differentially upregulated in M-CDM or/and S-CDM, and only oppB and oppC, involved in the amino acid and peptide transport system, were upregulated. Most genes related to metabolism of peptides, amino acids and related molecules were over-expressed in M-CDM and S-CDM, except for glnA and metK. Expression of certain genes was according to the differential substrate environment. The expression of genes involved in the stress response was not induced by growth in M-CDM. PMID:25384669

  2. Characteristics of the adhesive determinants of Lactobacillus fermentum 104.

    PubMed Central

    Henriksson, A; Szewzyk, R; Conway, P L

    1991-01-01

    The adhesion of Lactobacillus fermentum 104-R and the variant strain 104-S to porcine gastric squamous epithelium was investigated. An epithelium-specific adhesion was detected for strain 104-S; however, strain 104-R expressed enhanced adhesion capacity to the control surfaces of polystyrene and bovine serum albumin. To characterize the adhesive determinants, the bacterial cells were exposed to various treatments. The adhesion pattern of bacterial cells in buffers of pH values ranging from 2 to 7 was determined. The adhesion of strain 104-S to epithelium was greater in a buffer with a higher pH value. On the other hand, adhesion of strain 104-R to the epithelium was rather unaffected by a change in pH. To the control surfaces of polystyrene or bovine serum albumin, the adhesion of both strains was greatest at pH 2 to 4. Treatment of strain 104-S with metaperiodate did not affect the adhesion to epithelium or polystyrene; however, protease treatment dramatically decreased the adhesion of both strains, thus suggesting that the determinants responsible for the adhesion were proteinaceous. Carbohydrates may be partially involved in the adhesion of 104-R because metaperiodate-treated cells adhered more poorly than control, iodate-treated cells. The adhesion-promoting components are most probably tightly bound to the cell wall, because washing with low-pH buffer (pH 1.2) or sodium dodecyl sulfate had no major effect on the adhesion. PMID:1849714

  3. Heterologous production of pediocin PA-1 in Lactobacillus reuteri.

    PubMed

    Eom, Ji-Eun; Moon, Sung-Kwon; Moon, Gi-Seong

    2010-08-01

    The recombinant DNA pLR5cat_PSAB in which pediocin PA-1 structural and immunity genes (pedAB) fused with the promoter and deduced signal sequence of an alpha-amylase gene from a bifidobacterial strain were inserted in pLR5cat, an Escherichia coli-lactobacilli shuttle vector was transferred to Lactobacillus reuteri KCTC 3679 and the transformant presented bacteriocin activity. The recombinant L. reuteri KCTC 3679 transformed with the shortened pLR5cat(S)_PSAB, where non-essential region for the lactobacilli replicon was removed, also showed bacteriocin activity. The molecular mass of the secreted pediocin PA-1 from the recombinant bacteria was the same as that of native pediocin PA-1 (~4.6 kDa) from Pediococcus acidilactici K10 on a sodium dodecylsulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) gel. In co-cultures with Listeria monocytogenes, the recombinant L. reuteri KCTC 3679 effectively reduced the viable cell count of the pathogenic bacterium by a 3 log scale compared with a control where L. monocytogenes was incubated alone. PMID:20798585

  4. The Adsorption of Ochratoxin A by Lactobacillus Species

    PubMed Central

    Piotrowska, Ma?gorzata

    2014-01-01

    The objective of this study was to examine ochratoxin A (OTA) binding by three lactic acid bacteria (LAB) species: Lactobacillus plantarum, L. brevis, and L. sanfranciscensis. Experiments were conducted using MRS medium and PBS buffer contaminated with 1000 ng/mL OTA and inoculated with live or thermally inactivated bacterial biomass at a concentration of 1 or 5 mg dry weight/mL. It was found that, depending on the strain and biomass density, live bacterial cells reduced OTA content by 16.9% to 35% in MRS medium and by 14.8% to 26.4% in PBS after 24 h of contact. OTA binding was higher in the case of thermally inactivated bacterial biomass (46.2% to 59.8%). The process is very rapid: OTA was removed from PBS as early as after 30 min of contact. The binding of the toxin by cells was partially reversible under the treatment by water and 1 M HCl. The results show that OTA is adsorbed to the surface structures of the cell wall, which is promoted not only by the hydrophobic properties of the cell wall, but also by electron donor-acceptor and Lewis acid-base interactions. PMID:25247265

  5. Probiotic attributes of autochthonous Lactobacillus rhamnosus strains of human origin.

    PubMed

    Pithva, Sheetal; Shekh, Satyamitra; Dave, Jayantilal; Vyas, Bharatkumar Rajiv Manuel

    2014-05-01

    The study was aimed at evaluating the probiotic potential of indigenous autochthonous Lactobacillus rhamnosus strains isolated from infant feces and vaginal mucosa of healthy female. The survival of the selected strains and the two reference strains (L. rhamnosus GG and L. casei Actimel) was 67-81 % at pH 2 and 70-80 % after passage through the simulated gastrointestinal fluid. These strains are able to grow in the presence of 4 % bile salt, 10 % NaCl, and 0.6 % phenol. The cell surface of L. rhamnosus strains is hydrophilic in nature as revealed by bacterial adhesion to hydrocarbons (BATH) assay. Despite this, L. rhamnosus strains showed mucin adherence, autoaggregation and coaggregation properties that are strain-specific. In addition, they produce bile salt hydrolase (BSH) and ?-galactosidase activities. L. rhamnosus strains exhibit antimicrobial activity against food spoilage organisms and gastrointestinal pathogens, as well as Candida and Aspergillus spp. L. rhamnosus strains have similar antibiotic susceptibility pattern, and resistance to certain antibiotics is intrinsic or innate. The strains are neither haemolytic nor producer of biogenic amines such as histamine, putrescine, cadaverine and tyramine. Lyophilized cells of L. rhamnosus Fb exhibited probiotic properties demonstrating potential of the strain for technological suitability and in the preparation of diverse probiotic food formulations. PMID:24682879

  6. Probiotic Properties of Lyophilized Cell Free Extract of Lactobacillus casei

    PubMed Central

    Saadatzadeh, Afrooz; Fazeli, Mohamma Reza; Jamalifar, Hossein; Dinarvand, Rassoul

    2013-01-01

    Background In recent years there have been considerable interests in the use of probiotic live cells for nutritional and therapeutic purposes. This strategy can be concomitant with some limitations such as survival of live cell during the GI-transit and their effective delivery to target tissues upon ingestion. Several attempts have been made to overcome these limitations such as their microencapsulation, spray-drying and lyophilization. Objectives In this study extract of cultured probiotics without cells was evaluated for its antimicrobial effects, antioxidant activity, and its stability. Materials and Methods In this work the potential of lyophilized-cell-free-probiotic-extract (LPE) as a suitable alternative strategy for the preparation of probiotic-products was investigated. The main aim of this study was to find out the antibacterial and antioxidant activity of LPE and also its stability. LPE was obtained by centrifugation and subsequent lyophilization of the collected supernatant from culture media of Lactobacillus casei. An enzymatic reagent-kit was used for detection of its content of lactic acid. Antibacterial test was performed using agar cup-plat-method, the DPPH scavenging -assay was used to determine its antioxidant activity and during a storage course, LPE was under a long-term stability study. Results Results showed that, LPE had more antipathogenic effects, antioxidant activity, and stability during storage-time when compared to fresh probiotic-extract. Conclusions Employing the LPE as a new approach, gives novel concept of probiotic-products in food and medical marketing. PMID:24624202

  7. Stabilization and preservation of Lactobacillus acidophilus in saccharide matrices.

    PubMed

    Conrad, P B; Miller, D P; Cielenski, P R; de Pablo, J J

    2000-08-01

    Lyophilization and vacuum- or spray-drying are some of the most useful techniques for preserving foods, agricultural products, and pharmaceuticals. Biological materials, however, can be irreversibly damaged during these treatments. Therefore, it is essential to design protective agents to preserve protein activity and cell viability. In this paper we examine the use of alpha, alpha-trehalose-borate systems as protectants for Lactobacillus acidophilus during freeze- and vacuum-drying. Trehalose was found to be an effective protectant for freeze-dried and vacuum-dried samples, and it is equivalent to a protective formulation which is in current industrial use. It is known from our previous work on enzymes that the presence of borate can dramatically enhance the protective ability of trehalose. In this work, the addition of trehalose-borate to bacterial concentrate greatly improves the recovery of viable cells after storage. This improvement was seen in freeze-dried samples stored at 37 degrees C as well as for vacuum-dried samples held at room temperature. A tailored buffering strategy was tested to counteract the high pH resulting from the addition of borate to the mixture. Use of citric or lactic acids in combination with ammonium hydroxide gave a protectant solution with high pH (resulting in effective crosslinking between trehalose and borate) but a dry product with reduced pH upon rehydration (conducive to cell survival). These results raise exciting possibilities for protection of more labile prokaryotic species as well as simple eukaryotes. PMID:11017757

  8. Lactobacillus rhamnosus as additive for maize and sorghum ensiling.

    PubMed

    Salimei, Elisabetta; Capilongo, Valeria; Simoni, Andrea; Peiretti, Pier Giorgio; Maglieri, Cristina; Romano, Cristina A; Mannina, Luisa; Coppola, Raffaele; Sorrentino, Elena

    2007-11-14

    The effects of Lactobacillus rhamnosus AT195, a potential probiotic microorganism cultured in buffalo "scotta" whey, on chemical and microbiological composition in maize and sorghum ensiling were evaluated. Both crops were harvested, chopped, and treated or not with the selected strain prior to ensiling in fiberglass vertical silos; 90 days after ensiling, silages were sensorially evaluated and sampled. Different chemical components were evaluated both on fresh crops and silages: in particular, the water-soluble carbohydrates content was investigated by high-field NMR spectroscopy and the carbohydrate fermentation profile was performed by GC. Besides phenotypic identification and typing, microbiological studies included Lb. rhamnosus genotype typing by RAPD-PCR. All silages, inoculated or not, were well preserved, as their chemical and microbiological data along with the fermentation profiles showed. The selected strain used as inoculum influenced the lactic acid population of silages and evidenced a good survival performance during the ensiling process of both maize and sorghum. Moreover, the use of Lb. rhamnosus strain efficiently improved the quality of the multifactorial ensiling process by significantly reducing the ammonia nitrogen content of both maize and sorghum silages. PMID:17929890

  9. Lactobacillus equigenerosi Strain Le1 Invades Equine Epithelial Cells

    PubMed Central

    Botha, Marlie; Botes, Marelize; Loos, Ben; Smith, Carine

    2012-01-01

    Lactobacillus equigenerosi strain Le1, a natural inhabitant of the equine gastrointestinal tract, survived pH 3.0 and incubation in the presence of 1.5% (wt/vol) bile salts for at least 2 h. Strain Le1 showed 8% cell surface hydrophobicity, 60% auto-aggregation, and 47% coaggregation with Clostridium difficile C6. Only 1% of the cells adhered to viable buccal epithelial cells and invaded the cells within 20 min after contact. Preincubation of strain Le1 in a buffer containing pronase prevented adhesion to viable epithelial cells. Preincubation in a pepsin buffer delayed invasion from 20 min to 1 h. Strain Le1 did not adhere to nonviable epithelial cells. Administration of L. equigenerosi Le1 (1 × 109 CFU per 50 kg body weight) to healthy horses did not increase white blood cell numbers. Differential white blood cell counts and aspartate aminotransferase levels remained constant. Glucose, lactate, cholesterol, and urea levels remained constant during administration with L. equigenerosi Le1 but decreased during the week after administration. PMID:22504808

  10. Functional genomics of Lactobacillus casei establishment in the gut

    PubMed Central

    Licandro-Seraut, Hélène; Scornec, Hélène; Pédron, Thierry; Cavin, Jean-François; Sansonetti, Philippe J.

    2014-01-01

    Although the composition of the gut microbiota and its symbiotic contribution to key host physiological functions are well established, little is known as yet about the bacterial factors that account for this symbiosis. We selected Lactobacillus casei as a model microorganism to proceed to genomewide identification of the functions required for a symbiont to establish colonization in the gut. As a result of our recent development of a transposon-mutagenesis tool that overcomes the barrier that had prevented L. casei random mutagenesis, we developed a signature-tagged mutagenesis approach combining whole-genome reverse genetics using a set of tagged transposons and in vivo screening using the rabbit ligated ileal loop model. After sequencing transposon insertion sites in 9,250 random mutants, we assembled a library of 1,110 independent mutants, all disrupted in a different gene, that provides a representative view of the L. casei genome. By determining the relative quantity of each of the 1,110 mutants before and after the in vivo challenge, we identified a core of 47 L. casei genes necessary for its establishment in the gut. They are involved in housekeeping functions, metabolism (sugar, amino acids), cell wall biogenesis, and adaptation to environment. Hence we provide what is, to our knowledge, the first global functional genomics analysis of L. casei symbiosis. PMID:25024222

  11. Adhesion of human Lactobacillus acidophilus strain LB to human enterocyte-like Caco-2 cells.

    PubMed

    Chauvière, G; Coconnier, M H; Kernéis, S; Fourniat, J; Servin, A L

    1992-08-01

    Twenty-five strains of lactobacilli were tested for their ability to adhere to human enterocyte-like Caco-2 cells in culture. Seven Lactobacillus strains adhered well to the Caco-2 cells, of which three possessed calcium-independent adhesion properties. A high level of calcium-independent adhesion was observed with the human stool isolate Lactobacillus acidophilus strain LB. Scanning electron microscopy revealed that this strain adhered to the apical brush border of the cells. Adhesion increased in parallel with the morphological and functional differentiation of the Caco-2 cells. Two Lactobacillus components were involved in this adhesion. One was protease-resistant and bacterial-surface-associated; the other was heat-stable, extracellular and protease-sensitive. PMID:1527509

  12. Probiotic properties of Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium strains isolated from porcine gastrointestinal tract.

    PubMed

    Kim, Pyoung Il; Jung, Min Young; Chang, Young-Hyo; Kim, Saehun; Kim, Seong-Jae; Park, Yong-Ha

    2007-04-01

    One strain of Lactobacillus salivarius, two strains of Lactobacillus reuteri and Lactobacillus amylovorus, and two strains of Bifidobacterium thermacidophilum with antagonistic effect against Clostridium perfringens were isolated from porcine gastrointestinal tract. Isolates were assayed for their ability to survive in synthetic gastric juice at pH 2.5 and were examined for their ability to grow on agar plate containing porcine bile extract. There was a large variation in the survival of the isolates in gastric juice and growth in the medium containing 0.3% (w/v) bile. L. salivarius G11 and L. amylovorus S6 adhered to the HT-29 epithelial cell line. Cell-free supernatant of L. amylovorus S6 showed higher antagonistic activity as effective as the antibiotics such as neomycin, chlortetracycline, and oxytetracycline against bacterial pathogens including C. perfringens, Salmonella typhimurium, Staphylococcus aureus, Vibrio cholerae, Edwardsiella tarda, and Aeromonas salmonicida subsp. salmonicida. PMID:17136367

  13. Evaluation in vitro of the antagonistic substances produced by Lactobacillus spp. isolated from chickens.

    PubMed

    Lima, Edna T; Andreatti Filho, Raphael L; Okamoto, Adriano S; Noujaim, José C; Barros, Mércia R; Crocci, Adalberto J

    2007-04-01

    To determine the inhibitory capacity of lactic acid bacteria due to the action of antagonistic substances, we tested 474 isolates of Lactobacillus from the crop and cecum of chickens against gram-positive and gram-negative indicator microorganisms by the spot-on-the-lawn and well-diffusion antagonism methods. Of the 474 isolates, 265 demonstrated antimicrobial activity against the indicator microorganisms. Isolates identified as L. reuteri, L. salivarius, or Lactobacillus spp. inhibited Enterococcus faecalis, E. faecium, Listeria monocytogenes, and Salmonella spp. but not L. casei, L. delbrueckii, L. fermentum, or L. helveticus by the well-diffusion simultaneous antagonism method under anaerobic incubation conditions. The antagonistic substances produced by some of the Lactobacillus isolates were inactivated after treatment by proteolytic enzymes, which suggested that the substances could be antimicrobial peptides or bacteriocins. PMID:17479773

  14. Lactobacillus and Pediococcus species richness and relative abundance in the vagina of rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta)

    PubMed Central

    Gravett, Michael G.; Jin, Ling; Pavlova, Sylvia I.; Tao, Lin

    2012-01-01

    Background The rhesus monkey is an important animal model to study human vaginal health to which lactic acid bacteria play a significant role. However, the vaginal lactic acid bacterial species richness and relative abundance in rhesus monkeys is largely unknown. Methods Vaginal swab samples were aseptically obtained from 200 reproductive aged female rhesus monkeys. Following Rogosa agar plating, single bacterial colonies representing different morphotypes were isolated and analyzed for whole-cell protein profile, species-specifc PCR, and 16S rRNA gene sequence. Results A total of 510 Lactobacillus strains of 17 species and one Pediococcus acidilactici were identified. The most abundant species was L. reuteri, which colonized the vaginas of 86% monkeys. L. johnsonii was the second most abundant species, which colonized 36% of monkeys. The majority of monkeys were colonized by multiple Lactobacillus species. Conclusions The vaginas of rhesus monkeys are frequently colonized by multiple Lactobacillus species, dominated by L. reuteri. PMID:22429090

  15. Evaluation of phytate-degrading Lactobacillus culture administration to broiler chickens.

    PubMed

    Askelson, Tyler E; Campasino, Ashley; Lee, Jason T; Duong, Tri

    2014-02-01

    Probiotics have been demonstrated to promote growth, stimulate immune responses, and improve food safety of poultry. While widely used, their effectiveness is mixed, and the mechanisms through which they contribute to poultry production are not well understood. Microbial phytases are increasingly supplemented in feed to improve digestibility and reduce antinutritive effects of phytate. The microbial origin of these exogenous enzymes suggests a potentially important mechanism of probiotic functionality. We investigated phytate degradation as a novel probiotic mechanism using recombinant Lactobacillus cultures expressing Bacillus subtilis phytase. B. subtilis phyA was codon optimized for expression in Lactobacillus and cloned into the expression vector pTRK882. The resulting plasmid, pTD003, was transformed into Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus gallinarum, and Lactobacillus gasseri. SDS-PAGE revealed a protein in the culture supernatants of Lactobacillus pTD003 transformants with a molecular weight similar to that of the B. subtilis phytase. Expression of B. subtilis phytase increased phytate degradation of L. acidophilus, L. gasseri, and L. gallinarum approximately 4-, 10-, and 18-fold over the background activity of empty-vector transformants, respectively. Phytase-expressing L. gallinarum and L. gasseri were administered to broiler chicks fed a phosphorus-deficient diet. Phytase-expressing L. gasseri improved weight gain of broiler chickens to a level comparable to that for chickens fed a control diet adequate in phosphorus, demonstrating proof of principle that administration of phytate-degrading probiotic cultures can improve performance of livestock animals. This will inform future studies investigating whether probiotic cultures are able to provide both the performance benefits of feed enzymes and the animal health and food safety benefits traditionally associated with probiotics. PMID:24271165

  16. Evaluation of Phytate-Degrading Lactobacillus Culture Administration to Broiler Chickens

    PubMed Central

    Askelson, Tyler E.; Campasino, Ashley; Lee, Jason T.

    2014-01-01

    Probiotics have been demonstrated to promote growth, stimulate immune responses, and improve food safety of poultry. While widely used, their effectiveness is mixed, and the mechanisms through which they contribute to poultry production are not well understood. Microbial phytases are increasingly supplemented in feed to improve digestibility and reduce antinutritive effects of phytate. The microbial origin of these exogenous enzymes suggests a potentially important mechanism of probiotic functionality. We investigated phytate degradation as a novel probiotic mechanism using recombinant Lactobacillus cultures expressing Bacillus subtilis phytase. B. subtilis phyA was codon optimized for expression in Lactobacillus and cloned into the expression vector pTRK882. The resulting plasmid, pTD003, was transformed into Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus gallinarum, and Lactobacillus gasseri. SDS-PAGE revealed a protein in the culture supernatants of Lactobacillus pTD003 transformants with a molecular weight similar to that of the B. subtilis phytase. Expression of B. subtilis phytase increased phytate degradation of L. acidophilus, L. gasseri, and L. gallinarum approximately 4-, 10-, and 18-fold over the background activity of empty-vector transformants, respectively. Phytase-expressing L. gallinarum and L. gasseri were administered to broiler chicks fed a phosphorus-deficient diet. Phytase-expressing L. gasseri improved weight gain of broiler chickens to a level comparable to that for chickens fed a control diet adequate in phosphorus, demonstrating proof of principle that administration of phytate-degrading probiotic cultures can improve performance of livestock animals. This will inform future studies investigating whether probiotic cultures are able to provide both the performance benefits of feed enzymes and the animal health and food safety benefits traditionally associated with probiotics. PMID:24271165

  17. Genome Sequence of the Bacteriocin-Producing Lactobacillus curvatus Strain CRL705

    PubMed Central

    Hebert, Elvira María; Saavedra, Lucila; Taranto, María Pía; Mozzi, Fernanda; Magni, Christian; Nader, María Elena F.; Font de Valdez, Graciela; Sesma, Fernando; Vignolo, Graciela

    2012-01-01

    Lactobacillus curvatus is one of the most prevalent lactic acid bacteria found in fermented meat products. Here, we present the draft genome sequence of Lactobacillus curvatus CRL705, a bacteriocin producer strain isolated from an Argentinean artisanal fermented sausage, which consists of 1,833,251 bp (GC content, 41.9%) and two circular plasmids of 12,342 bp (pRC12; GC, 43.9%) and 18,664 bp (pRC18; GC, 34.4%). PMID:22207745

  18. Rapid Adoption of Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG for Acute Gastroenteritis

    PubMed Central

    Schaffzin, Joshua K.; Lo Vecchio, Andrea; Yau, Connie; Vonderhaar, Karen; Guiot, Amy; Brinkman, William B.; White, Christine M.; Simmons, Jeffrey M.; Gerhardt, Wendy E.; Kotagal, Uma R.; Conway, Patrick H.

    2013-01-01

    BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A 2007 meta-analysis showed probiotics, specifically Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG), shorten diarrhea from acute gastroenteritis (AGE) by 24 hours and decrease risk of progression beyond 7 days. In 2005, our institution published a guideline recommending consideration of probiotics for patients with AGE, but only 1% of inpatients with AGE were prescribed LGG. The objective of this study was to increase inpatient prescribing of LGG at admission to >90%, for children hospitalized with AGE, within 120 days. METHODS: This quality improvement study included patients aged 2 months to 18 years admitted to general pediatrics with AGE with diarrhea. Diarrhea was defined as looser or ?3 stools in the preceding 24 hours. Patients with complex medical conditions or with presumed bacterial gastroenteritis were excluded. Admitting and supervising clinicians were educated on the evidence. We ensured LGG was adequately stocked in our pharmacies and updated an AGE-specific computerized order set to include a default LGG order. Failure identification and mitigation were conducted via daily electronic chart review and e-mail communication. Primary outcome was the percentage of included patients prescribed LGG within 18 hours of admission. Intervention impact was assessed with run charts tracking our primary outcome over time. RESULTS: The prescribing rate increased to 100% within 6 weeks and has been sustained for 7 months. CONCLUSIONS: Keys to success were pharmacy collaboration, use of an electronic medical record for a standardized order set, and rapid identification and mitigation of failures. Rapid implementation of evidence-based practices is possible using improvement science methods. PMID:23457156

  19. Primary metabolism in Lactobacillus sakei food isolates by proteomic analysis

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background Lactobacillus sakei is an important food-associated lactic acid bacterium commonly used as starter culture for industrial meat fermentation, and with great potential as a biopreservative in meat and fish products. Understanding the metabolic mechanisms underlying the growth performance of a strain to be used for food fermentations is important for obtaining high-quality and safe products. Proteomic analysis was used to study the primary metabolism in ten food isolates after growth on glucose and ribose, the main sugars available for L. sakei in meat and fish. Results Proteins, the expression of which varied depending on the carbon source were identified, such as a ribokinase and a D-ribose pyranase directly involved in ribose catabolism, and enzymes involved in the phosphoketolase and glycolytic pathways. Expression of enzymes involved in pyruvate and glycerol/glycerolipid metabolism were also affected by the change of carbon source. Interestingly, a commercial starter culture and a protective culture strain down-regulated the glycolytic pathway more efficiently than the rest of the strains when grown on ribose. The overall two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) protein expression pattern was similar for the different strains, though distinct differences were seen between the two subspecies (sakei and carnosus), and a variation of about 20% in the number of spots in the 2-DE gels was observed between strains. A strain isolated from fermented fish showed a higher expression of stress related proteins growing on both carbon sources. Conclusions It is obvious from the data obtained in this study that the proteomic approach efficiently identifies differentially expressed proteins caused by the change of carbon source. Despite the basic similarity in the strains metabolic routes when they ferment glucose and ribose, there were also interesting differences. From the application point of view, an understanding of regulatory mechanisms, actions of catabolic enzymes and proteins, and preference of carbon source is of great importance. PMID:20412581

  20. Lipoteichoic acid-deficient Lactobacillus acidophilus regulates downstream signals.

    PubMed

    Saber, Rana; Zadeh, Mojgan; Pakanati, Krishna C; Bere, Praveen; Klaenhammer, Todd; Mohamadzadeh, Mansour

    2011-03-01

    The trillions of microbes residing within the intestine induce critical signals that either regulate or stimulate host immunity via their bacterial products. To better understand the immune regulation elicited by lipoteichoic acid (LTA)-deficient Lactobacillus acidophilus NCFM in steady state and induced inflammation, we deleted phosphoglycerol transferase gene, which synthesizes LTA in L. acidophilus NCFM. In vitro and in vivo experiments were conducted in order to compare the immune regulatory properties of the L. acidophilus strain deficient in LTA (NCK2025) with its wild-type parent (NCK56) in C57BL/6, C57BL/6 recombination-activation gene 1-deficient (Rag1 (-/-)) and C57BL/6 Rag1(-/-)IL-10(-/-) mice. We demonstrate that NCK2025 significantly activates the phosphorylation of Erk1/2 but downregulates the phosphorylation of Akt1, cytosolic group IV PLA2 and p38 in mouse dendritic cells. Similarly, mice treated orally with NCK2025 exhibit decreased phosphorylation of inflammatory signals (Akt1, cytosolic group IV PLA2 or P38) but upregulate Erk1/2-phosphorylation in colonic epithelial cells in comparison with mice treated with NCK56. In addition, regulation of pathogenic CD4+ T cell induced colitis by NCK2025 was observed in Rag1 (-/-) but not Rag1(-/-)IL-10 (-/-) mice suggests a critical role of IL-10 that may be tightly regulated by Erk1/2 signaling. These data highlight the immunosuppressive properties of NCK2025 to deliver regulatory signals in innate cells, which results in the mitigation of T-cell-induced colitis in vivo. PMID:21395377

  1. Mechanistic studies of ribonucleoside triphosphate reductase from Lactobacillus leichmannii

    SciTech Connect

    Harris, G.M.

    1984-01-01

    The mechanism of action of the adenosylcobalamin (AdoCbl)-dependent ribonucleoside triphosphate reductase (RTPR) was investigated using isotope effect and substrate specificity studies. These experiments were conducted on RTPR purified by a new method from Lactobacillus leichmannii. Isotope effect studies using (3{prime}-{sup 3}H)UTP and (3{prime}-{sup 3}H)ATP demonstrated that the 3{prime} C-H bond of the nucleotide is cleaved in order to cleave the 2{prime} C-OH bond. AdoCbl does not act as a direct H abstractor from the 3{prime} position of the substrate, but instead is thought to act as a radical chain initiator to generate an amino acid radical on the enzyme. Further support for this enzyme mediated cleavage of the 3{prime} C-H bond of the nucleotide and the novel role of AdoCbl came from studies using (3{prime}{sup 3}H)2{prime}-chloro-2{prime}-deoxyuridine 5{prime}-triphosphate ((3{prime}-{sup 3}H)CIUTP). Evidence is presented that during the course of this reaction, the {sup 3}H abstracted from the 3{prime} position of (3{prime}-{sup 3}H)CIUTP was either exchanged with the solvent or returned to the {beta} face of the 2{prime} position to produce (2{prime}{sup 3}H)-2{prime}-deoxy-3{prime}-ketoUTP. This result demonstrates that RTPR is capable of catalyzing a rearrangement reaction. The significance of the RTPR-catalyzed rearrangement with respect to the AdoCbl-dependent enzymes which catalyze rearrangements is discussed.

  2. Comparison and utilization of repetitive-element PCR techniques for typing Lactobacillus isolates from the chicken gastrointestinal tract.

    PubMed

    Stephenson, David P; Moore, Robert J; Allison, Gwen E

    2009-11-01

    Three repetitive-element PCR techniques were evaluated for the ability to type strains of Lactobacillus species commonly identified in the chicken gastrointestinal tract. Enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus PCR (ERIC-PCR) produced species- and strain-specific profiles for Lactobacillus crispatus, Lactobacillus gallinarum, Lactobacillus johnsonii, and Lactobacillus reuteri isolates. The technique typed strains within these species equally as well as pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. DNA concentration and quality did not affect the ERIC-PCR profiles, indicating that this method, unlike other high-resolution methods, can be adapted to high-throughput analysis of isolates. Subsequently, ERIC-PCR was used to type Lactobacillus species diversity of a large collection of isolates derived from chickens grown under commercial and necrotic enteritis disease induction conditions. This study has illustrated, for the first time, that there is great strain diversity within each Lactobacillus species present and has revealed that chickens raised under commercial conditions harbor greater species and strain diversity than chickens raised under necrotic enteritis disease induction conditions. PMID:19749057

  3. Characterization of a cryptic plasmid from Lactobacillus fermentum KC5b and its use for constructing a stable Lactobacillus cloning vector

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sylvia I. Pavlova; Ali O. Kiliç; Ljubisa Topisirovic; Natasa Miladinov; Catherine Hatzos; L. Tao

    2002-01-01

    Lactobacillus fermentum KC5b, a strain originally isolated from the human vagina, contains a cryptic plasmid pKC5b. The sequence and genetic organization of the 4392-bp plasmid were determined. It contains two convergently oriented replicons, which are homologous to each other and to the stable replicon of the Enterococcus faecium plasmid pMBB1. The two replicons of pKC5b were used either individually or

  4. High-level expression of recombinant beta-galactosidases in Lactobacillus plantarum and Lactobacillus sakei using a Sakacin P-based expression system.

    PubMed

    Halbmayr, Elisabeth; Mathiesen, Geir; Nguyen, Thu-Ha; Maischberger, Thomas; Peterbauer, Clemens K; Eijsink, Vincent G H; Haltrich, Dietmar

    2008-06-25

    This work presents the cloning and expression of the genes encoding heterodimeric beta-galactosidases from Lactobacillus reuteri L103, Lactobacillus acidophilus R22, Lactobacillus plantarum WCFS1, and Lactobacillus sakei Lb790. These enzymes consist of two subunits of approximately 73 and 35 kDa, which are encoded by two overlapping genes, lacL and lacM, respectively. We have cloned these genes into the lactobacillal expression vectors pSIP403 and pSIP409, which are based on the sakacin P operon of L. sakei ( Sørvig et al. Microbiology 2005, 151, 2439- 2449 ), and expressed them in the host strains L. plantarum WCFS1 and L. sakei Lb790. Results varied considerably, ranging from 2.23 to 61.1 U/mg of beta-galactosidase activity, depending on the origin of the lacLM genes, the host strain, and the expression vector used. Highest expression levels were obtained in a laboratory cultivation of L. plantarum WCFS1 harboring the plasmid pEH3R containing the lacLM gene from L. reuteri L103. These cultivations yielded approximately 23 000 U of beta-galactosidase activity per liter, corresponding to the formation of roughly 100 mg of recombinant protein per liter of fermentation medium, and beta-galactosidase levels amounted to 55% of the total intracellular protein of the host organism. To further verify the suitability of this expression system, recombinant beta-galactosidase from L. reuteri was purified to apparent homogeneity. The properties of the purified enzyme were essentially identical with the properties of purified native beta-galactosidase from L. reuteri L103. The presented results lead the way to efficient overproduction of beta-galactosidase in a food-grade expression system, which is of high interest for applications in food industry. PMID:18512940

  5. Persistence of Lactobacillus fermentum RC14 and Lactobacillus rhamnosus GR1 but Not L. rhamnosus GG in the Human Vagina as Demonstrated by Randomly Amplified Polymorphic DNA

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gillian E. Gardiner; Christine Heinemann; Andrew W. Bruce; Dee Beuerman; Gregor Reid

    2002-01-01

    Lactobacillus rhamnosus GR-1 and L. fermentum RC-14 are well-characterized probiotic strains with efficacy in the prevention and treatment of urogenital infections in women. The aim of the present study was to apply a molecular biology-based methodology for the detection of these strains and L. rhamnosus GG (a commercially available intestinal probiotic) in the human vagina in order to assess probiotic

  6. Lactobacillus rhamnosus LA68 and Lactobacillus plantarum WCFS1 differently influence metabolic and immunological parameters in high fat diet-induced hypercholesterolemia and hepatic steatosis.

    PubMed

    Ivanovic, Nevena; Minic, Rajna; Dimitrijevic, Ljiljana; Radojevic Skodric, Sanja; Zivkovic, Irena; Djordjevic, Brizita

    2015-02-11

    In this study, two Lactobacillus strains (L. rhamnosus LA68 and L. plantarum WCFS1) were evaluated for their effects on high fat diet induced pathology in mice. The aim was to determine whether the administration of lactic acid bacteria had beneficial effects on ameliorating pathology. C57BL/6 mice fed a high fat diet were orally administered with the Lactobacillus strains. Both the metabolic and immunological parameters were analyzed. The administration of both of the strains had beneficial effects on mouse weight, serum cholesterol, TNF-? levels and liver histology. LA68 lowered the total cholesterol and HDL levels more prominently, whereas WCFS1 was more potent in lowering the TG and LDL levels. Leptin and adiponectin levels were increased in all experimental groups to different extents. The administration of L. plantarum WCFS1 led to a marked increase in leptin levels, as well as an increase in CD3+CD4+ and CD3+CD8+ cells, and a decrease of CD25+ cells, and had a lowering effect on IL-6 production and cell metabolic activity. In conclusion, active administration of both Lactobacillus strains had a positive effect on HFD-induced pathology. Although both of the tested strains had beneficial effects, oral administration of WCFS1 increased leptin levels and had a more prominent immunomodulatory effect, which should be taken into consideration in case of humane usage. PMID:25518825

  7. Identification of Lactobacillus plantarum genes modulating the cytokine response of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Saskia van Hemert; Marjolein Meijerink; Douwe Molenaar; Peter A Bron; Paul de Vos; Michiel Kleerebezem; Jerry M Wells; Maria L Marco

    2010-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Modulation of the immune system is one of the most plausible mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects of probiotic bacteria on human health. Presently, the specific probiotic cell products responsible for immunomodulation are largely unknown. In this study, the genetic and phenotypic diversity of strains of the Lactobacillus plantarum species were investigated to identify genes of L. plantarum with the

  8. In Vitro and In Vivo Inhibition of Helicobacter pylori by Lactobacillus casei Strain Shirota

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. Sgouras; P. Maragkoudakis; K. Petraki; B. Martinez-Gonzalez; E. Eriotou; S. Michopoulos; G. Kalantzopoulos; E. Tsakalidou; A. Mentis

    2004-01-01

    We studied the potential inhibitory effect of Lactobacillus casei strain Shirota (from the fermented milk product Yakult (Yakult Ltd., Tokyo, Japan)) on Helicobacter pylori by using (i) in vitro inhibition assays with H. pylori SS1 (Sydney strain 1) and nine H. pylori clinical isolates and (ii) the in vivo H. pylori SS1 mouse model of infection over a period of

  9. Molecular Cloning and Characterisation of Alpha Subunit of H+ATPase in Lactobacillus casei Zhang

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mei YANG; Zhihong SUN; Wenjun LIU; Tiansong SUN

    Chen X., Yang M., Sun Z., Liu W., Sun T., Meng H., Zhang H. (2009): Molecular cloning and characterisation of alpha subunit of H +-ATPase in Lactobacillus casei Zhang. Czech J. Food Sci., 27: 49-54. Lactic acid bacteria as potential probiotics . H+-ATPase is considered a key gene in several bacteria with the ability of acid tolerance . We cloned

  10. Anaerobic Conversion of Lactic Acid to Acetic Acid and 1,2-Propanediol by Lactobacillus buchneri

    PubMed Central

    Oude Elferink, Stefanie J. W. H.; Krooneman, Janneke; Gottschal, Jan C.; Spoelstra, Sierk F.; Faber, Folkert; Driehuis, Frank

    2001-01-01

    The degradation of lactic acid under anoxic conditions was studied in several strains of Lactobacillus buchneri and in close relatives such as Lactobacillus parabuchneri, Lactobacillus kefir, and Lactobacillus hilgardii. Of these lactobacilli, L. buchneri and L. parabuchneri were able to degrade lactic acid under anoxic conditions, without requiring an external electron acceptor. Each mole of lactic acid was converted into approximately 0.5 mol of acetic acid, 0.5 mol of 1,2-propanediol, and traces of ethanol. Based on stoichiometry studies and the high levels of NAD-linked 1,2-propanediol-dependent oxidoreductase (530 to 790 nmol min?1 mg of protein?1), a novel pathway for anaerobic lactic acid degradation is proposed. The anaerobic degradation of lactic acid by L. buchneri does not support cell growth and is pH dependent. Acidic conditions are needed to induce the lactic-acid-degrading capacity of the cells and to maintain the lactic-acid-degrading activity. At a pH above 5.8 hardly any lactic acid degradation was observed. The exact function of anaerobic lactic acid degradation by L. buchneri is not certain, but some results indicate that it plays a role in maintaining cell viability. PMID:11133436

  11. Protection of rainbow trout ( Oncorhynchus mykiss) from furunculosis by Lactobacillus rhamnosus

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sami Nikoskelainen; Arthur Ouwehand; Seppo Salminen; Göran Bylund

    2001-01-01

    The present study aimed to investigate the potential probiotic properties in fish of a lactic acid bacterium intended for human use: Lactobacillus rhamnosus (ATCC 53103). A probiotic for human use was specifically chosen since it is known to be safe for human use, which is of major importance because the fish are meant for human consumption. The bacterium was administered

  12. Inactivation of Lactobacillus plantarum in apple cider using radio frequency electric fields

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Radio frequency electric fields (RFEF) processing is effective at inactivating Gram negative bacteria in fruit juices at moderately low temperatures, but has yet to be shown to be effective at reducing Gram positive bacteria. Lactobacillus plantarum ATCC 49445, a Gram positive bacterium, was inocula...

  13. Effects of yogurt starter cultures on the survival of Lactobacillus acidophilus

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Elizabeth W. Ng; Marie Yeung; Phillip S. Tong

    2011-01-01

    Recognized to confer health benefits to consumers, probiotics such as Lactobacillus acidophilus are commonly incorporated into fermented dairy products worldwide; among which yogurt is a popular delivery vehicle. To materialize most of the putative health benefits associated with probiotics, an adequate amount of viable cells must be delivered at the time of consumption. However, the loss in their viabilities during

  14. Genome Sequence of Lactobacillus fermentum Strain MTCC 8711, a Probiotic Bacterium Isolated from Yogurt.

    PubMed

    Jayashree, Sathyanarayanan; Pooja, Sharma; Pushpanathan, Muthuirulan; Vishnu, Udayakumar; Sankarasubramanian, Jagadesan; Rajendhran, Jeyaprakash; Gunasekaran, Paramasamy

    2013-01-01

    Lactobacillus fermentum strain MTCC 8711 is a lactic acid bacterium isolated from yogurt. Here, we describe the draft genome sequence and annotation of this strain. The 2,566,297-bp-long genome consisted of a single chromosome and seven plasmids. The genome contains 2,609 protein-coding and 74 RNA genes. PMID:24072868

  15. Colon-specific delivery of lactobacillus rhamnosus GG using pectin hydrogel beads

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The probiotic bacteria, Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG), has shown beneficial effects on human health, and is accepted by increasing populations for the prevention and treatment of irritable bowel diseases. To increase the bioavailability and efficacy of LGG, the probiotic was encapsulated in hydro...

  16. Lactobacillus Plantarum: Characterization of the Species and Application in Food Production

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Svetoslav Dimitrov Todorov; Bernadette Dora Gombossy De Melo Franco

    2010-01-01

    Lactobacillus plantarum is a heterofermentative microaerophilic Gram-positive microorganism, with rod morphology, occurring singly or grouped in short chains. This species has well accepted GRAS status and numerous strains of L. plantarum have been isolated from different ecological niches including meat, fish, fruits, vegetables, milk, and cereal products. L. plantarum has been used as a starter culture in various food fermentation

  17. Genome Sequence of Lactobacillus gastricus PS3, a Strain Isolated from Human Milk

    PubMed Central

    Martín, Virginia; Cárdenas, Nivia; Jiménez, Esther; Maldonado, Antonio; Rodríguez, Juan Miguel

    2013-01-01

    Lactobacillus gastricus is a mostly unknown lactobacilli species associated with mucosal surfaces. We present the draft annotated genome sequence of L. gastricus strain PS3, isolated from a human milk sample, to provide new insights into its biology and to characterize those genes related to advantageous technological and beneficial properties. PMID:23846278

  18. Optimization of media and fermentation conditions for the growth of Lactobacillus sakei

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T. LECHIANCOLE; A. RICCIARDI; E. PARENTE

    Factorial experiments, empirical model building and response surface analysis were used to optimize media composition and fermentation conditions for the propagation of Lactobacillus sakei, a species used as a starter in the manufacture of fermented sausages. Yeast extract, Lab-Lemco and, to a minor extent, Bacteriological peptone were found to be good sources of peptides and growth factors for L. sakei,

  19. Lactic acid production by immobilized Lactobacillus casei in recycle batch reactor: a step towards optimization

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Appadurai Senthuran; Vasanthe Senthuran; Rajni Hatti-Kaul; Bo Mattiasson

    1999-01-01

    Different nutritional and process parameters influencing lactic acid production by Lactobacillus casei, adsorbed to Poraver beads in a recycle batch reactor system, were studied in an attempt to set up a system having a long operational lifetime and permitting use of high substrate concentrations for maximal conversion to the product. The presence of lactose, even as a minor fraction of

  20. Lactobacillus rodentium sp. nov., from the digestive tract of wild rodents.

    PubMed

    Killer, J; Havlík, J; Vlková, E; Rada, V; Pechar, R; Benada, O; Kope?ný, J; Kofro?ová, O; Sechovcová, H

    2014-05-01

    Three strains of regular, long, Gram-stain-positive bacterial rods were isolated using TPY, M.R.S. and Rogosa agar under anaerobic conditions from the digestive tract of wild mice (Mus musculus). All 16S rRNA gene sequences of these isolates were most similar to sequences of Lactobacillus gasseri ATCC 33323T and Lactobacillus johnsonii ATCC 33200T (97.3% and 97.2% sequence similarities, respectively). The novel strains shared 99.2-99.6% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities. Type strains of L. gasseri and L. johnsonii were also most related to the newly isolated strains according to rpoA (83.9-84.0% similarities), pheS (84.6-87.8%), atpA (86.2-87.7%), hsp60 (89.4-90.4%) and tuf (92.7-93.6%) gene sequence similarities. Phylogenetic studies based on 16S rRNA, hsp60, rpoA, atpA and pheS gene sequences, other genotypic and many phenotypic characteristics (results of API 50 CHL, Rapid ID 32A and API ZYM biochemical tests; cellular fatty acid profiles; cellular polar lipid profiles; end products of glucose fermentation) showed that these bacterial strains represent a novel species within the genus Lactobacillus. The name Lactobacillus rodentium sp. nov. is proposed to accommodate this group of new isolates. The type strain is MYMRS/TLU1T (=DSM 24759T=CCM 7945T). PMID:24478214

  1. Degradation of cyanogenic glycosides by Lactobacillus plantarum strains from spontaneous cassava fermentation and other microorganisms

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Vicki Lei; Wisdom Kofi Asa Amoa-Awua; Leon Brimer

    1999-01-01

    Strains of Lactobacillus plantarum, Leuconostoc mesenteroides, Candida tropicalis and Penicillium sclerotiorum were screened for 19 enzymatic activities using the commercial kit API zym (Bio Mérieux). This activity was compared to the ability of degrading the toxic cyanogenic glycosides amygdalin, linamarin, and linseed cyanogens (a mixture of linustatin and neolinustatin). Good correlation between the ?-glucosidase activity found in the API zym

  2. Draft Genome Sequence of Lactobacillus gigeriorum CRBIP 24.85T, Isolated from a Chicken Crop

    PubMed Central

    Ma, Laurence; Creno, Sophie; Clermont, Dominique; Loux, Valentin; Bizet, Chantal; Bouchier, Christiane

    2012-01-01

    We report the draft genome of the strain Lactobacillus gigeriorum CRBIP 24.85T, isolated from a chicken crop. The total length of the 60 scaffolds is about 1.9 Mb, with a GC content of 38% and 2,062 protein-coding sequences (CDS). PMID:23045490

  3. Impact of two probiotic Lactobacillus strains feeding on fecal lactobacilli and weight gains in chicken.

    PubMed

    Lan, Pham Thi Ngoc; Binh, Le Thanh; Benno, Yoshimi

    2003-02-01

    Two probiotic strains, Lactobacillus agilis JCM 1048 and L. salivarius subsp. salicinius JCM 1230 isolated from chicken intestine, exhibited probiotic characteristics that can be applied for chicken production. After 7 days of probiotic feeding (FD7), the count of intestinal lactobacilli in the probiotic group (group P, n=10) was significantly (p<0.05) higher than that in the control group (group C, n=9). After 40 days of probiotic feeding (FD40), the lactobacilli and enterococci counts were stable but the Enterobacteriaceae number was significantly reduced (p<0.05). A total of 163 isolated lactobacilli were identified as the L. acidophilus/gallinarum group (49.7%), L. agilis (30.7%), L. salivarius (9.2%), L. reuteri (9.2%), and Lactobacillus spp. (1.2%). The probiotic lactobacilli positively affected the Lactobacillus biota in chickens at FD7, with a significant increase in the number (p<0.05) of L. agilis and group P. The viable counts of each Lactobacillus species at FD40, however, showed no differences between two groups. An increasing incidence of L. agilis was also noted with probiotic feeding. The probiotic effect of two strains resulted in significantly increased weight gains (10.7%) of group P in comparison with group C at FD40 (p<0.01). PMID:12682864

  4. Quantitative analysis of diverse Lactobacillus species present in advanced dental caries.

    PubMed

    Byun, Roy; Nadkarni, Mangala A; Chhour, Kim-Ly; Martin, F Elizabeth; Jacques, Nicholas A; Hunter, Neil

    2004-07-01

    Our previous analysis of 65 advanced dental caries lesions by traditional culture techniques indicated that lactobacilli were numerous in the advancing front of the progressive lesion. Production of organic acids by lactobacilli is considered to be important in causing decalcification of the dentinal matrix. The present study was undertaken to define more precisely the diversity of lactobacilli found in this environment and to quantify the major species and phylotypes relative to total load of lactobacilli by real-time PCR. Pooled DNA was amplified by PCR with Lactobacillus genus-specific primers for subsequent cloning, sequencing, and phylogenetic analysis. Based on 16S ribosomal DNA sequence comparisons, 18 different phylotypes of lactobacilli were detected, including strong representation of both novel and gastrointestinal phylotypes. Specific PCR primers were designed for nine prominent species, including Lactobacillus gasseri, L. ultunensis, L. salivarius, L. rhamnosus, L. casei, L. crispatus, L. delbrueckii, L. fermentum, and L. gallinarum. More than three different species were identified as being present in most of the dentine samples, confirming the widespread distribution and numerical importance of various Lactobacillus spp. in carious dentine. Quantification by real-time PCR revealed various proportions of the nine species colonizing carious dentine, with higher mean loads of L. gasseri and L. ultunensis than of the other prevalent species. The findings provide a basis for further characterization of the pathogenicity of Lactobacillus spp. in the context of extension of the carious lesion. PMID:15243071

  5. Phenotypic Characteristics and Probiotic Potentials of Lactobacillus spp. Isolated From Poultry

    PubMed Central

    Noohi, Nasrin; Ebrahimipour, Gholamhosein; Rohani, Mahdi; Talebi, Malihe; Pourshafie, Mohammad Reza

    2014-01-01

    Background: Lactic acid bacteria, especially Lactobacillus spp., have been considered as excellent probiotic microorganisms, because of their activities in reducing the enteric diseases and maintaining healthy poultry. Objectives: The current study aimed to evaluate the phenotypic characteristics and the probiotic potentials of Lactobacillus spp. isolated from poultry. Materials and Methods: A total of 168 lactic acid bacteria (LAB) were isolated from healthy six and twenty-one-day old chickens and their feed samples. The isolated bacteria were identified by morphological, biochemical, and molecular tests including Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) and 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Biochemical fingerprinting with Phene Plate system (Ph-P) was done and the acid and bile resistant lactobacilli were subjected to the antibiotic susceptibility test. Results: Amongst all of the examined LAB, 30.3% were resistant to bile and acid. Most of the isolated LAB (57.1%) belonged to the genus Lactobacillus with Lactobacillus brevis (78.1%) as the dominant species followed by L. reuteri (16.6%), L. plantarum (3%), and L. vaginalis (2%). The remaining isolates were identified as Pediococcus spp. (42.9%). The Ph-P cluster analysis of 75 L. brevis and 16 L. reuteri strains showed high phenotypic diversity. Whilst the results of Ph-P typing from L. reuteri strains showed low phenotypic variations especially among the strains sensitive to acid and bile salts. Conclusions: Overall, the results showed that some of the high potential probiotic LAB species existed in Iranian poultry. PMID:25485067

  6. Effect of phenolic aldehydes and flavonoids on growth and inactivation of Oenococcus oeni and Lactobacillus hilgardii

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ana Rita Figueiredo; Francisco Campos; Víctor de Freitas; Tim Hogg; José António Couto

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this work was to investigate the effect of wine phenolic aldehydes, flavonoids and tannins on growth and viability of strains of Oenococcus oeni and Lactobacillus hilgardii. Cultures were grown in ethanol-containing MRS\\/TJ medium supplemented with different concentrations of phenolic aldehydes or flavonoids and monitored spectrophotometrically. The effect of tannins was evaluated by monitoring the progressive inactivation of

  7. Biodiversity-based identification and functional characterization of the mannose-specific adhesin of Lactobacillus plantarum

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gabriele Pretzer; Johannes Snel; Douwe Molenaar; Anne Wiersma; Peter A. Bron; Jolanda Lambert; Vos de W. M; Roelof van der Meer; Mari A. Smits; Michiel Kleerebezem

    2005-01-01

    Lactobacillus plantarum is a frequently encountered inhabitant of the human intestinal tract, and some strains are marketed as probiotics. Their ability to adhere to mannose residues is a potentially interesting characteristic with regard to proposed probiotic features such as colonization of the intestinal surface and competitive exclusion of pathogens. In this study, the variable capacity of 14 L. plantarum strains

  8. Use of a lactobacillus-based probiotic culture to reduce Salmonella in day of hatch broilers

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    A commercially available Lactobacillus probiotic (FM-B11™ Ivesco LLC) (B11) significantly reduced Salmonella recovery from day-of-hatch chicks in several studies. For all experiments, day-of-hatch male broiler chicks (n=40 per pen) were challenged with approximately 10**4 cfu per chick of Salmonell...

  9. Engineered Vaginal Lactobacillus Strain for Mucosal Delivery of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Inhibitor Cyanovirin-N

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Xiaowen Liu; Laurel A. Lagenaur; David A. Simpson; Kirsten P. Essenmacher; Courtney L. Frazier-Parker; Yang Liu; Daniel Tsai; Srinivas S. Rao; Dean H. Hamer; Thomas P. Parks; Peter P. Lee; Qiang Xu

    2006-01-01

    Women are at significant risk of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, with the cervicovaginal mucosa serving as a major portal for virus entry. Female-initiated preventatives, including topical microbi- cides, are urgently needed to help curtail the HIV\\/AIDS pandemic. Here we report on the development of a novel, live microbicide that employs a natural vaginal strain of Lactobacillus jensenii engineered to

  10. Characterisation and modelling of oscillatory behaviour related to reuterin production by Lactobacillus reuteri

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Maria Rasch; Gary C Barker; Kolja Sachau; Mogens Jakobsen; Nils Arneborg

    2002-01-01

    During reuterin production by Lactobacillus reuteri in a chemostat, the growth, substrate and metabolite concentrations showed oscillatory behaviour. The sensitivity of L. reuteri towards reuterin was shown to be a possible explanation of the oscillatory behaviour. A deterministic mathematical model consisting of four coupled differential equations describing the concentrations of biomass, glucose, glycerol and reuterin with time was developed. With

  11. Genome Sequence of the Heteropolysaccharide-Producing Strain Lactobacillus mucosae DPC 6426

    PubMed Central

    Ryan, Paul M.; Guinane, Caitriona M.; London, Lis E. E.; Kelleher, Philip R.; Fitzgerald, Gerald F.; Caplice, Noel M.; Ross, R. Paul

    2015-01-01

    Exopolysaccharide-synthesizing Lactobacillus mucosae DPC 6426 is a heterofermentative strain, which has demonstrated cholesterol-lowering properties in an animal model of lipid-driven atherosclerosis. The genome revealed a plethora of homologues linked to carbohydrate metabolism and mucin binding. PMID:25593248

  12. Glycerol metabolism in Lactobacillus collinoides: production of 3-hydroxypropionaldehyde, a precursor of acrolein

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nicolas Sauvageot; Kamila Gouffi; Jean-Marie Laplace; Yanick Auffray

    2000-01-01

    Lactobacillus collinoides is a lactic acid bacterium commonly found in fermenting apple juice. Although this bacterium is not particularly involved in malolactic conversion, the presence of L. collinoides in cider may have serious consequences on the product. L. collinoides is indeed considered to be responsible for the transformation of glycerol to 3-hydroxypropionaldehyde (3-HPA), a precursor of acrolein that spoils the

  13. Genome Sequence of the Naturally Plasmid-Free Lactobacillus plantarum Strain NC8 (CCUG 61730)

    PubMed Central

    Rud, Ida; Naterstad, Kristine; Blom, Hans; Renckens, Bernadet; Boekhorst, Jos; Kleerebezem, Michiel; van Hijum, Sacha; Siezen, Roland J.

    2012-01-01

    Lactobacillus plantarum is a highly versatile lactic acid bacterium found in various ecological niches, such as fermented vegetable, meat, and dairy products and the gastrointestinal tract. We sequenced the genome of L. plantarum NC8, a naturally plasmid-free strain, which has been used as a model strain in many laboratories worldwide. PMID:22493200

  14. Protective action of Lactobacillus kefir carrying Slayer protein against Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. A. Golowczyc; P. Mobili; G. L. Garrote; A. G. Abraham; G. L. De Antoni

    2007-01-01

    Eight Lactobacillus kefir strains isolated from different kefir grains were tested for their ability to antagonize Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis (Salmonella enteritidis) interaction with epithelial cells. L. kefir surface properties such as autoaggregation and coaggregation with Salmonella and adhesion to Caco-2\\/TC-7 cells were evaluated. L. kefir strains showed significantly different adhesion capacities, six strains were able to autoaggregate and four

  15. Reduction of acetophenone to R (+)-phenylethanol by a new alcohol dehydrogenase from Lactobacillus kefir

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Werner Hummel

    1990-01-01

    A new alcohol dehydrogenase catalysing the enantioselective reduction of acetophenone to R(+)-phenylethanol was found in a strain of Lactobacillus kefir. A 70-fold enrichment of the enzyme with an overall yield of 76% was obtained in two steps. The addition of Mg2+ ions was found to be necessary to prevent rapid deactivation. The enzyme depends essentially on NADPH and was inactive

  16. Growth Enhancement of Bifidobacterium lactis Bo and Lactobacillus acidophilus Ki by Milk Hydrolyzates

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ana M. P. Gomes; F. Xavier Malcata; Frank A. M. Klaver

    1998-01-01

    The determination of the best conditions of prepa- ration of a (tentatively) probiotic starter culture that might be suitable for cheese making composed solely of Bifidobacterium lactis Bo and Lactobacillus acidophilus Ki is critical if a consistently reliable acid production is to be achieved, especially because bifidobacteria have stringent requirements for growth. Therefore, we determined whether B. lactis Bo and

  17. Adhesion and aggregation ability of probiotic strain Lactobacillus acidophilus M92

    Microsoft Academic Search

    B. Kos; J. Suskovic; S. Vukovic; M. Simpraga; J. Frece; S. Matosic

    2003-01-01

    B. K OS, J. SUSKOVIC ´ ,S. V U K O V I C´ ,M. SIMPRAGA, J. F RECE A ND S. M ATOSIC ´ . 2003. Aims: To investigate aggregation and adhesiveness of Lactobacillus acidophilus M92 to porcine ileal epithelial cells in vitro, and the influence of cell surface proteins on autoaggregation and adhesiveness of this strain. Methods and

  18. Incorporation of Cholesterol into the Cellular Membrane of Lactobacillus acidophilus ATCC 431211

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. O. Noh; S. H. Kim; S. E. Gilliland

    1997-01-01

    Cholesterol that was assimilated by Lactobacillus acidophilus ATCC 43121 was not metabolically degraded; most of it was recovered with the cells. Cells that were grown in the presence of cholesterol micelles and bile salts were more resistant to lysis by sonication than were those grown in their absence, suggesting a possible alteration of the cell wall or membrane. Cholesterol assimilation

  19. Bacteriocin Involved in Premature Death of Lactobacillus acidophilus NCFM During Growth at pH 61

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. L. Ferreira; S. E. Gilliland

    1988-01-01

    Lactobacillus acidopbilus NCFM main- tained at pH 6 during growth in lacto- bacilli MRS broth appeared to exhibit premature death. However, during ex- tended incubation, the culture reinitiated growth. Spent broth collected from the culture when it began the premature death was very toxic to the culture, but growth did occur during extended incuba- tion of the assay tubes. When

  20. Draft Genome Sequence of the Probiotic Strain Lactobacillus acidophilus ATCC 4356.

    PubMed

    Palomino, Maria Mercedes; Allievi, Mariana C; Fina Martin, Joaquina; Waehner, Pablo M; Prado Acosta, Mariano; Sanchez Rivas, Carmen; Ruzal, Sandra M

    2015-01-01

    We present the 1,956,699-bp draft genome sequence of Lactobacillus acidophilus strain ATCC 4356. Comparative genomic analysis revealed 99.96% similarity with L. acidophilus NCFM NC_006814.3 and 99.97% with La-14 NC_021181.2 genomes. PMID:25593259

  1. Novel antibacterial polypeptide laparaxin produced by Lactobacillus paracasei strain NRRL B-50314 via fermentation

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    This study reports the production and characterization of a novel antibacterial polypeptide, designated laparaxin, which is secreted by Lactobacillus paracasei NRRL B-50314. Crude laparaxin has antibacterial activity against a wide variety of Gram-positive bacteria, including: lactic acid bacteria ...

  2. Bacteriophage-encoded lytic enzymes control growth of contaminating Lactobacillus found in fuel ethanol fermentations

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Background: Reduced yields of ethanol due to bacterial contamination in fermentation cultures weakens the economics of biofuel production. Lactic acid bacteria are considered the most problematic, and surveys of commercial fuel ethanol facilities have found that species of Lactobacillus are predomin...

  3. Proteomic Approach for Molecular Mechanisms under Ethanol Stress in Lactobacillus buchneri

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Lactic acid bacteria have potential to serve as microbial catalysts for production of fuels and chemicals from lignocellulosic biomass. Lactobacillus buchneri NRRL B-30929 is a novel strain that belongs to the hetero-fermentative group of lactic acid bacteria. It was isolated from a fuel ethanol p...

  4. LIMITING GALACTOSE REQUIREMENT FOR CITRATE UTILIZATION BY LACTOBACILLUS CASEI IS ANNULLED IN CHEDDAR CHEESE EXTRACT

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Conditions required for citrate utilization by Lactobacillus casei ATCC334 were identified. Citrate is utilized by this microorganism in modified chemically defined media as an energy source, solely in the presence of limiting concentrations of other more readily metabolized carbon sources (i.e. ga...

  5. Deoxyribonucleic Acid Homology Among Lactobacillus Species of the Subgenus Strepto bacterium Orla-Jensen

    Microsoft Academic Search

    F. DELLAGLIO; V. BOTTAZZI; MARISA VESCOVO

    1975-01-01

    The deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) relationship among Lacto bacillus species of the subgenus Streptobacterium Orla-Jensen was assessed by means of DNA\\/ DNA hybridization experiments. High genetic homologies were found among Lactobacillus casei subsp. casei, L. cusei subsp. alactosus, L. cusei subsp. pseudoplantarum, and L. casei subsp. tolerans; however, there was only a low level of homology between the DNA of L.

  6. Survival and therapeutic potential of probiotic organisms with reference to Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidobacterium spp

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kaila Kailasapathy; James Chin

    2000-01-01

    The present paper provides an overview on the use of probiotic organisms as live supplements, with particular emphasis on Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidobacterium spp. The therapeutic potential of these bacteria in fermented dairy products is dependent on their survival during manufacture and storage. Probiotic bacteria are increasingly used in food and pharmaceutical applications to balance disturbed intestinal microflora and related

  7. Proteomic Analyses of Ethanol Tolerance in Lactobacillus buchneri NRRL B-30929

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The Lactobacillus buchneri NRRL B-30929 strain, isolated from a fuel ethanol production facility, exhibits high tolerance to environmental ethanol concentrations. In this study, the ethanol tolerance trait was elucidated at the molecular level by using proteomics comparison and analyses. Cellular p...

  8. Bifidobacterium spp. and Lactobacillus acidophilus: biological, biochemical, technological and therapeutical properties relevant for use as probiotics

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ana M. P. Gomes; F. Xavier Malcata

    1999-01-01

    This review focuses on the biological properties and consequent technological roles of intestinal bacteria with potential health-promoting capacities, and provides selected examples available in the literature that are pertinent to the aforementioned concepts. A comprehensive overview pertaining to the taxonomy and ecology, as well as nutritional and health effects of Bifidobacterium spp. and Lactobacillus acidophilus, is provided; particular attention is

  9. Selective detection, enumeration and identification of potentially probiotic Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium species in mixed bacterial populations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    William P. Charteris; Phillip M. Kelly; Lorenzo Morelli; J. Kevin Collins

    1997-01-01

    Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium species constitute a significant proportion of probiotic cultures used in developed countries in ‘microbial adjunct nutrition’. A number of differential plating methodologies have been developed which seek to selectively detect and enumerate these bacterial groups in bioproducts. Differences in oxygen tolerance, nutritional requirements, antibiotic susceptibility, and colony morphology and colour constitute the bases of differentiation in these

  10. Milk production response to feeding alfalfa silage inoculated with Lactobacillus plantarum

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    In mini-silo trials, silages treated with a Lactobacillus plantarum silage inoculant (Ecosyl, Yorkshire, UK) had increased in vitro rumen microbial biomass production compared to untreated. Our objective was to determine if alfalfa silage treated with this inoculant could produce a milk production r...

  11. Efficacy of Lactobacillus GG in prevention of nosocomial diarrhea in infants

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hanna Szajewska; Maria Kotowska; Jacek Z. Mrukowicz; Malgorzata Armánska; Wieslaw Mikolajczyk

    2001-01-01

    Objective: Nosocomial diarrhea is a major problem in pediatric hospitals worldwide. We evaluated the efficacy of orally administered Lactobacillus GG (LGG) in the prevention of this disease in young children. Study design: Eighty-one children aged 1 to 36 months who were hospitalized for reasons other than diarrhea were enrolled in a double-blind trial and randomly assigned at admission to receive

  12. Adhesion of some probiotic and dairy Lactobacillus strains to Caco-2 cell cultures

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Seppo J Salminen

    1998-01-01

    The adhesion of 12 different Lactobacillus strains was studied using Caco-2 cell line as an in vitro model for intestinal epithelium. Some of the strains tested have been used as probiotics, and most of them are used in the dairy and food industry. Human and bovine enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli strains were used as positive and negative control, respectively. Bacterial adhesion

  13. High-throughput screening assays for antibacterial and antifungal activities of Lactobacillus species.

    PubMed

    Inglin, Raffael C; Stevens, Marc J A; Meile, Lukas; Lacroix, Christophe; Meile, Leo

    2015-07-01

    We describe high-throughput screening techniques to rapidly detect either antimicrobial activity, using an agar-well diffusion assay in microtiter plates, or antifungal activity using an agar-spot assay in 24-well plates. 504 Lactobacillus isolates were screened with minimal laboratory equipment and screening rates of 2000-5000 individual antimicrobial interactions. PMID:25937247

  14. Protein-mediated Adhesion of Lactobacillus fermentum Strain 737 to Mouse Stomach Squamous Epithelium

    Microsoft Academic Search

    PATRICIA L. CONWAY; STAFFAN KJELLEBERG

    1989-01-01

    The mechanism of adhesion of Lactobacillus fermentum strain 737 to mouse stomach squamous epithelium was investigated. Adhesion inhibition tests involving chelators, monosaccharides, periodate and concanavalin A and the use of bacteria grown in the presence of tunicamycin failed to clarify the adhesive mechanism. Washed bacterial cells had reduced adhesive capacity, except in the presence of spent broth culture supernatant fraction

  15. Rapid Differentiation and In Situ Detection of 16 Sourdough Lactobacillus Species by Multiplex PCR

    PubMed Central

    Settanni, Luca; van Sinderen, Douwe; Rossi, Jone; Corsetti, Aldo

    2005-01-01

    A two-step multiplex PCR-based method was designed for the rapid detection of 16 species of lactobacilli known to be commonly present in sourdough. The first step of multiplex PCR was developed with a mixture of group-specific primers, while the second step included three multiplex PCR assays with a mixture of species-specific primers. Primers were derived from sequences that specify the 16S rRNA, the 16S-23S rRNA intergenic spacer region, and part of the 23S rRNA gene. The primer pairs designed were shown to exclusively amplify the targeted rrn operon fragment of the corresponding species. Due to the reliability of simultaneously identifying Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus pentosus, and Lactobacillus paraplantarum, a previously described multiplex PCR method employing recA gene-derived primers was included in the multiplex PCR system. The combination of a newly developed, quick bacterial DNA extraction method from sourdough and this multiplex PCR assay allows the rapid in situ detection of several sourdough-associated lactobacilli, including the recently described species Lactobacillus rossii, and thus represents a very useful alternative to culture-based methodologies. PMID:15933001

  16. The complete genome sequence of Lactobacillus bulgaricus reveals extensive and ongoing reductive evolution

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. van de Guchte; S. Penaud; C. Grimaldi; V. Barbe; K. Bryson; P. Nicolas; C. Robert; S. Oztas; S. Mangenot; A. Couloux; V. Loux; R. Dervyn; R. Bossy; A. Bolotin; J.-M. Batto; T. Walunas; J.-F. Gibrat; P. Bessières; J. Weissenbach; S. D. Ehrlich; E. Maguin

    2006-01-01

    Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus (L. bulgaricus) is a representative of the group of lactic acid-producing bacteria, mainly known for its worldwide application in yogurt production. The genome sequence of this bacterium has been determined and shows the signs of ongoing specialization, with a substantial number of pseudogenes and incomplete metabolic pathways and relatively few regulatory functions. Several unique features of

  17. Identification and Inactivation of Genetic Loci Involved with Lactobacillus acidophilus Acid Tolerance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Andrea Azcarate-Peril; Eric Altermann; Rebecca L. Hoover-Fitzula; Raul J. Cano; Todd R. Klaenhammer

    2004-01-01

    Amino acid decarboxylation-antiporter reactions are one of the most important systems for maintaining intracellular pH between physiological limits under acid stress. We analyzed the Lactobacillus acidophilus NCFM complete genome sequence and selected four open reading frames with similarities to genes involved with decarboxylation reactions involved in acid tolerance in several microorganisms. Putative genes encoding an ornithine decarboxylase, an amino acid

  18. Integrative Food-Grade Expression System Based on the Lactose Regulon of Lactobacillus casei

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. J. Gosalbes; CARLOS DAVID ESTEBAN; JOSELUIS GALAN; GASPAR PEREZ-MARTINEZ

    2000-01-01

    The lactose operon from Lactobacillus casei is regulated by very tight glucose repression and substrate induction mechanisms, which made it a tempting candidate system for the expression of foreign genes or metabolic engineering. An integrative vector was constructed, allowing stable gene insertion in the chromo- somal lactose operon of L. casei. This vector was based on the nonreplicative plasmid pRV300

  19. Identification and characterization of Lactobacillus florum strains isolated from South African grape and wine samples

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Phillip S. Mtshali; Benoit Divol; Maret du Toit

    A total of 213 strains of lactic acid bacteria were examined in this study. Among these, 30 strains previously isolated from South African grape and wine samples remained unidentified. The identification of these isolates was performed by BLAST and phylogenetic analyses of 16S rDNA gene sequences, which indicated that the isolates belonged to Lactobacillus florum. In this work, we also

  20. Viability and diversity of probiotic Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium populations included in commercial fermented milks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Miguel Gueimonde; Susana Delgado; Baltasar Mayo; Patricia Ruas-Madiedo; Abelardo Margolles; Clara G de los Reyes-Gavilán

    2004-01-01

    A selection of commercial fermented milks was evaluated for the presence and viability of probiotic lactobacilli and bifidobacteria. Counts of Lactobacillus spp. always remained higher than 105 CFUml?1, whereas the population of Bifidobacterium spp. decreased below this level in two products. All the probiotics announced on the label were present in commercial products, yet in two fermented milks one additional

  1. Bactericidal action of oleuropein extracted from green olives against Lactobacillus plantarum

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. L. Ruiz-Barba; A. Garrido-Fernandez; R. Jimenez-Diaz

    1991-01-01

    The phenolic compound oleuropein extracted from green olives was shown to be bactericidal against nine strains of Lactobacillus plantarum isolated from green olive fermentation brines. Heat-treated oleuropein also demonstrated a strong bacteri- cidal effect but not alkali-treated oleuropein, which allowed survival of most of the strains tested. The bactericidal effect was accompanied by changes in the typical bacillary structure and

  2. Draft Genome Sequence of the Probiotic Strain Lactobacillus acidophilus ATCC 4356

    PubMed Central

    Palomino, Maria Mercedes; Allievi, Mariana C.; Fina Martin, Joaquina; Waehner, Pablo M.; Prado Acosta, Mariano; Sanchez Rivas, Carmen

    2015-01-01

    We present the 1,956,699-bp draft genome sequence of Lactobacillus acidophilus strain ATCC 4356. Comparative genomic analysis revealed 99.96% similarity with L. acidophilus NCFM NC_006814.3 and 99.97% with La-14 NC_021181.2 genomes. PMID:25593259

  3. Lactobacillus amylovorus, a new starch-hydrolyzing species from cattle waste-corn fermentations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. K. NAKAMURA

    1981-01-01

    The morphology, physiology and fermentation characteristics of this hitherto unrecognized species are described. The new Lactobacillus species can be differentiated from L. acidophilus, L. jensenii, and L. leichmannii on the basis of starch fermentation, G + C content, vitamin requirements and stereoisomerism of lactic acid produced. The type strain of L. amylovorus is NRRL B-4540. (Refs. 39).

  4. Functional characteristics of Lactobacillus spp. from traditional Maasai fermented milk products in Kenya

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Julius Maina Mathara; Ulrich Schillinger; Claudia Guigas; Charles Franz; Phillip Museve Kutima; Samuel K. Mbugua; H.-K. Shin; Wilhelm H. Holzapfel

    2008-01-01

    In this study functional characteristics of 23 representative Lactobacillus strains isolated from the Maasai traditional fermented milk ‘Kule naoto’ were determined. The Lb. acidophilus group strains showed resistance to gastric juice and bile. In addition, some Lb. acidophilus strains expressed bile salt hydrolase activity, and had ability to assimilate cholesterol in vitro. In-vitro adhesion to HT29 MTX cells of up

  5. Inhibitory activity spectrum of reuterin produced by Lactobacillus reuteri against intestinal bacteria

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Valentine Cleusix; Christophe Lacroix; Sabine Vollenweider; Marc Duboux; Gwenaelle Le Blay

    2007-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Reuterin produced from glycerol by Lactobacillus reuteri, a normal inhabitant of the human intestine, is a broad-spectrum antimicrobial agent. It has been postulated that reuterin could play a role in the probiotic effects of Lb. reuteri. Reuterin is active toward enteropathogens, yeasts, fungi, protozoa and viruses, but its effect on commensal intestinal bacteria is unknown. Moreover reuterin's mode of

  6. Lactobacillus amylovorus DSM 19280 as a novel food-grade antifungal agent for bakery products

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Liam A. M. Ryan; Emanuele Zannini; Fabio Dal Bello; Agata Pawlowska; Peter Koehler; Elke K. Arendt

    2011-01-01

    Mould spoilage is the main cause of substantial economic loss in bakery industry and might also cause public health problems due to the production of mycotoxins. The reduction of mould growth in bakery products is thus of crucial importance and there is great interest to develop safe and efficient strategies for this purpose. In this study Lactobacillus amylovorus DSM19280 has

  7. Increased Enterocyte Production in Gnotobiotic Rats Mono-Associated with Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Banasaz; E. Norin; R. Holma; T. Midtvedt

    2002-01-01

    There is increasing scientific and commercial interest in using beneficial microorganisms (i.e., probiotics) to enhance intestinal health. Of the numerous microbial strains examined, Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG has been most extensively studied. Daily intake of L. rhamnosus GG shortens the course of rotavirus infection by mechanisms that have not been fully elucidated. Comparative studies with germfree and conventional rats have shown

  8. Effect of medium supplementation on exopolysaccharide production by Lactobacillus rhamnosus RW9595M in whey permeate

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. G. Macedo; C. Lacroix; N. J. Gardner; C. P. Champagne

    2002-01-01

    Exopolysaccharide (EPS) production by Lactobacillus rhamnosus RW-9595M was studied in whey permeate medium supplemented with different nitrogen sources or with yeast extract and vitamins, salts and amino acids used in the formulation of defined basal minimum medium (BMM). All nitrogen sources tested exhibited very limited or no effect on biomass production using acidification and automated spectrophotometry test. A multilevel-factorial design

  9. Genome-shuffling improved acid tolerance and l-lactic acid volumetric productivity in Lactobacillus rhamnosus

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yuhua Wang; Yan Li; Xiaolin Pei; Lei Yu; Yan Feng

    2007-01-01

    Genome shuffling is an efficient approach for the rapid improvement of industrially important microbial phenotypes. Here we improved the acid tolerance and volumetric productivity of an industrial strain Lactobacillus rhamnosus ATCC 11443 by genome shuffling. Five strains with subtle improvements in pH tolerance and volumetric productivity were obtained from the populations generated by ultraviolet irradiation and nitrosoguanidine mutagenesis, and then

  10. EFFECT OF SALT NUTRIENTS ON MANNITOL PRODUCTION BY LACTOBACILLUS INTERMEDIUS NRRL B-3693

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The effects of four salt nutrients (ammonium citrate, sodium phosphate, magnesium sulfate, and manganese sulfate) on the production of mannitol by Lactobacillus intermedius NRRL B-3693 in a simplified medium containing 300 g fructose, 5 g soy peptone, and 50 g corn steep liquor per L in pH-controlle...

  11. Susceptibility to tetracycline and erythromycin of Lactobacillus paracasei strains isolated from traditional Italian fermented foods

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Roberta Comunian; Elisabetta Daga; Ilaria Dupré; Antonio Paba; Chiara Devirgiliis; Valeria Piccioni; Giuditta Perozzi; Daniela Zonenschain; Annalisa Rebecchi; Lorenzo Morelli; Angela De Lorentiis; Giorgio Giraffa

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the susceptibility of 197 isolates of Lactobacillus paracasei, isolated from Italian fermented products coming from different geographical areas, to tetracycline and erythromycin, two antimicrobials widely used in clinical and animal therapy. Isolation media were supplemented with antibiotics according to the microbiological breakpoints (BPs) defined by European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). Isolates were

  12. Autolysis of selected Lactobacillus helveticus adjunct strains during Cheddar cheese ripening

    Microsoft Academic Search

    O. Kenny; R. J. FitzGerald; G. O’Cuinn; T. Beresford; K. Jordan

    2006-01-01

    Cheddar cheeses were manufactured on a pilot scale (500L vats) with three different Lactobacillus helveticus strains, which showed varying degrees of autolysis, added as adjuncts to the starter. Autolysis of adjunct strains was monitored by reduction in cell numbers, level of intracellular enzymes released into the cheese, and by the consequent changes in the degree of proteolysis and concentration of

  13. Vancomycin resistance factor of Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG in relation to enterococcal vancomycin resistance ( van) genes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Soile Tynkkynen; Kavindra V Singh; Pekka Varmanen

    1998-01-01

    Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (ATCC 53103) is a probiotic strain used in fermented dairy products in many countries and is also used as a food supplement in the form of freeze-dried powder. The relationship of the vancomycin resistance factor in L. rhamnosus GG and the vancomycin resistance (van) genes of Enterococcus faecalis and E. faecium were studied using polymerase chain reaction

  14. Carbohydrate utilization and detection of a nucleotide hydrolase in Lactobacillus buchneri

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Lactobacillus buchneri strains NRRL 1837, DSM 5987, and NRRL B-30929 were examined for capacity to metabolize various carbohydrates via growth and fermentation analyses. Carbon sources used for this study included D-melibiose, inosine, uridine, D-melezitose, maltotriose, N-acetyl-D-glucosamine, suc...

  15. Draft Genome Sequence of the Mannitol-Producing Strain Lactobacillus mucosae CRL573

    PubMed Central

    Bleckwedel, Juliana; Terán, Lucrecia C.; Bonacina, Julieta; Saavedra, Lucila

    2014-01-01

    Lactobacillus mucosae CRL573, isolated from child fecal samples, efficiently converts fructose and/or sucrose into the low-calorie sugar mannitol when cultured in modified MRS medium at pH 5.0. Also, the strain is capable of producing bacteriocin. The draft genome sequence of this strain with potential industrial applications is presented here. PMID:25502678

  16. Production of lactic acid by Lactobacillus rhamnosus with vitamin-supplemented soybean hydrolysate

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sunhoon Kwon; Pyung Cheon Lee; Eun Gyo Lee; Yong Keun Chang; Nam Chang

    2000-01-01

    Batch fermentation studies were performed to evaluate the potentials of a complex nitrogen source, soybean, as an alternative to yeast extract for the economical production of lactic acid by Lactobacillus rhamnosus. An enzyme-hydrolysate of soybean meal, Soytone, with an adequate supplementation of vitamins was found to be highly effective in supporting lactic acid production from glucose and lactose. The effects

  17. Genome sequence of Lactobacillus amylovorus GRL1118, isolated from pig ileum.

    PubMed

    Kant, Ravi; Paulin, Lars; Alatalo, Edward; de Vos, Willem M; Palva, Airi

    2011-06-01

    Lactobacillus amylovorus is a common member of the beneficial microbiota present in the pig gastrointestinal tract. Here, we report the genome sequence of the surface layer (S-layer) protein-carrying and potentially probiotic strain L. amylovorus GRL1118, which was isolated from porcine ileum and which shows strong adherence to pig intestinal epithelial cells. PMID:21478337

  18. Genome Sequence of Lactobacillus amylovorus GRL1118, Isolated from Pig Ileum ?

    PubMed Central

    Kant, Ravi; Paulin, Lars; Alatalo, Edward; de Vos, Willem M.; Palva, Airi

    2011-01-01

    Lactobacillus amylovorus is a common member of the beneficial microbiota present in the pig gastrointestinal tract. Here, we report the genome sequence of the surface layer (S-layer) protein-carrying and potentially probiotic strain L. amylovorus GRL1118, which was isolated from porcine ileum and which shows strong adherence to pig intestinal epithelial cells. PMID:21478337

  19. Accumulation of Polyphosphate in Lactobacillus spp. and Its Involvement in Stress Resistance

    PubMed Central

    Alcántara, Cristina; Blasco, Amalia; Zúñiga, Manuel

    2014-01-01

    Polyphosphate (poly-P) is a polymer of phosphate residues synthesized and in some cases accumulated by microorganisms, where it plays crucial physiological roles such as the participation in the response to nutritional stringencies and environmental stresses. Poly-P metabolism has received little attention in Lactobacillus, a genus of lactic acid bacteria of relevance for food production and health of humans and animals. We show that among 34 strains of Lactobacillus, 18 of them accumulated intracellular poly-P granules, as revealed by specific staining and electron microscopy. Poly-P accumulation was generally dependent on the presence of elevated phosphate concentrations in the culture medium, and it correlated with the presence of polyphosphate kinase (ppk) genes in the genomes. The ppk gene from Lactobacillus displayed a genetic arrangement in which it was flanked by two genes encoding exopolyphosphatases of the Ppx-GppA family. The ppk functionality was corroborated by its disruption (LCABL_27820 gene) in Lactobacillus casei BL23 strain. The constructed ppk mutant showed a lack of intracellular poly-P granules and a drastic reduction in poly-P synthesis. Resistance to several stresses was tested in the ppk-disrupted strain, showing that it presented a diminished growth under high-salt or low-pH conditions and an increased sensitivity to oxidative stress. These results show that poly-P accumulation is a characteristic of some strains of lactobacilli and may thus play important roles in the physiology of these microorganisms. PMID:24375133

  20. Draft Genome Sequence of Lactobacillus plantarum wikim18, Isolated from Korean Kimchi.

    PubMed

    Jang, Ja Young; Lim, Hyeong In; Park, Hae Woong; Choi, Hak-Jong; Kim, Tae-Woon; Kang, Miran; Lee, Jong-Hee

    2014-01-01

    This report describes the draft genome sequence of Lactobacillus plantarum strain wikim18, isolated from the traditional Korean food kimchi. The reads generated by Ion Torrent PGM were assembled into 327 contigs. RAST annotation of the genome revealed 12 tRNAs and 3,316 protein-coding gene sequences. PMID:24855305

  1. Effect of malic acid on the growth kinetics of Lactobacillus plantarum

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The fermentation kinetics of Lactobacillus plantarum was studied in a specially designed broth formulated from commercially available, dehydrated components (YTA - yeast extract, trypticase, and ammonium sulfate) in batch and continuous culture. During batch growth in the absence of malic acid in t...

  2. Lactobacillus GG for treatment of acute childhood diarrhoea: An open labelled, randomized controlled trial

    PubMed Central

    Aggarwal, Sunny; Upadhyay, Amit; Shah, Dheeraj; Teotia, Neeraj; Agarwal, Astha; Jaiswal, Vijay

    2014-01-01

    Background & objectives: Randomized controlled trials in developed countries have reported benefits of Lactobacillus GG (LGG) in the treatment of acute watery diarrhoea, but there is paucity of such data from India. The study was aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Lactobacillus GG in the treatment of acute diarrhoea in children from a semi-urban city in north India. Methods: In this open labelled, randomized controlled trial 200 children with acute watery diarrhoea, aged between 6 months to 5 years visiting outpatient department and emergency room of a teaching hospital in north India were enrolled. The children were randomized into receiving either Lactobacillus GG in dose of 10 billion cfu/day for five days or no probiotic medication in addition to standard WHO management of diarrhoea. Primary outcomes were duration of diarrhoea and time to change in consistency of stools. Results: Median (inter quartile range) duration of diarrhoea was significantly shorter in children in LGG group [60 (54-72) h vs. 78 (72-90) h; P<0.001]. Also, there was faster improvement in stool consistency in children receiving Lactobacillus GG than control group [36 (30-36) h vs. 42 (36-48) h; P<0.001]. There was significant reduction in average number of stools per day in LGG group (P<0.001) compared to the control group. These benefits were seen irrespective of rotavirus positivity in stool tests. Interpretation & conclusions: Our results showed that the use of Lactobacillus GG in children with acute diarrhoea resulted in shorter duration and faster improvement in stool consistency as compared to the control group. PMID:24820831

  3. Similarity and Differences in the Lactobacillus acidophilus Group Identified by Polyphasic Analysis and Comparative Genomics? †

    PubMed Central

    Berger, Bernard; Pridmore, R. David; Barretto, Caroline; Delmas-Julien, Françoise; Schreiber, Kerstin; Arigoni, Fabrizio; Brüssow, Harald

    2007-01-01

    A set of lactobacilli were investigated by polyphasic analysis. Multilocus sequence analysis, DNA typing, microarray analysis, and in silico whole-genome alignments provided a remarkably consistent pattern of similarity within the Lactobacillus acidophilus complex. On microarray analysis, 17 and 5% of the genes from Lactobacillus johnsonii strain NCC533 represented variable and strain-specific genes, respectively, when tested against four independent isolates of L. johnsonii. When projected on the NCC533 genome map, about 10 large clusters of variable genes were identified, and they were enriched around the terminus of replication. A quarter of the variable genes and two-thirds of the strain-specific genes were associated with mobile DNA. Signatures for horizontal gene transfer and modular evolution were found in prophages and in DNA from the exopolysaccharide biosynthesis cluster. On microarray hybridizations, Lactobacillus gasseri strains showed a shift to significantly lower fluorescence intensities than the L. johnsonii test strains, and only genes encoding very conserved cellular functions from L. acidophilus hybridized to the L. johnsonii array. In-silico comparative genomics showed extensive protein sequence similarity and genome synteny of L. johnsonii with L. gasseri, L. acidophilus, and Lactobacillus delbrueckii; moderate synteny with Lactobacillus casei; and scattered X-type sharing of protein sequence identity with the other sequenced lactobacilli. The observation of a stepwise decrease in similarity between the members of the L. acidophilus group suggests a strong element of vertical evolution in a natural phylogenetic group. Modern whole-genome-based techniques are thus a useful adjunct to the clarification of taxonomical relationships in problematic bacterial groups. PMID:17142402

  4. Consistent Condom Use Increases the Colonization of Lactobacillus crispatus in the Vagina

    PubMed Central

    Ma, Liyan; Lv, Zhi; Su, Jianrong; Wang, Jianjie; Yan, Donghui; Wei, Jingjuan; Pei, Shuang

    2013-01-01

    Background Non-hormonal contraception methods have been widely used, but their effects on colonization by vaginal lactobacilli remain unclear. Objective To determine the association between non-hormonal contraception methods and vaginal lactobacilli on women’s reproductive health. Methods The cross-sectional study included 164 healthy women between 18–45 years of age. The subjects were divided into different groups on the basis of the different non-hormonal contraception methods used by them. At the postmenstrual visit (day 21 or 22 of the menstrual cycle), vaginal swabs were collected for determination of Nugent score, quantitative culture and real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of vaginal lactobacilli. The prevalence, colony counts and 16S rRNA gene expression of the Lactobacillus strains were compared between the different groups by Chi-square and ANOVA statistical analysis methods. Results A Nugent score of 0–3 was more common in the condom group (93.1%) than in the group that used an interuterine device(IUD) (75.4%), (p?=?0.005). The prevalence of H2O2-producing Lactobacillus was significantly higher in the condom group (82.3%) than in the IUD group (68.2%), (p?=?0.016). There was a significant difference in colony count (mean ± standard error (SE), log10colony forming unit (CFU)/ml) of H2O2-producing Lactobacillus between condom users (7.81±0.14) and IUD users (6.54±0.14), (p?=?0.000). The 16S rRNA gene expression (mean ± SE, log10copies/ml) of Lactobacillus crispatus was significantly higher in the condom group (8.09±0.16) than in the IUD group (6.03±0.18), (p?=?0.000). Conclusion Consistent condom use increases the colonization of Lactobacillus crispatus in the vagina and may protect against both bacterial vaginosis (BV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). PMID:23894682

  5. Fermentation adaptability of three probiotic Lactobacillus strains to oat, germinated oat and malted oat substrates.

    PubMed

    Herrera-Ponce, A; Nevárez-Morillón, G; Ortega-Rívas, E; Pérez-Vega, S; Salmerón, I

    2014-10-01

    Functional foods targeting the improvement of gastrointestinal health are widely recognized; of these, dairy-based probiotics are the most popular. Thus, the design of nondairy probiotics applying fruits, vegetables and cereals has raised great interest in the healthy food sector. The objective of this work was to assess the potential of germinated and malted oat substrates to support the growth of the probiotic cultures Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus casei and Lactobacillus rhamnosus. Fermentations were carried out with distinctive oat substrates at inoculum levels of 3, 5 and 7% v/v, substrate concentrations of 3, 5 and 7% w/v and with sucrose addition 1·5% w/v. Lag phase profiles, maximum growth rates and maximal growths were evaluated; protein and sugar contents were also quantified. There was no significant effect (P > 0·05) of the inoculum size on the fermentation kinetics; however, oat media significantly affected the growth kinetics. In simple oat media, Lact. acidophilus exhibited biphasic growth patterns. Lactobacillus growth patterns were significantly affected (P < 0·05) by the supplementation with protein sources. The germination and malting processes significantly improved oats nutrient characteristics demonstrating to be adequate substrates for the fermentation with probiotic lactobacilli. Significance and impact of the study: In this work, the effect of oat media composition and fermentation conditions on the growth kinetics of three probiotic lactobacilli was determined. The variation in the inoculum levels did not have a significant effect on the probiotic cultures growth. Results revealed that protein supplemented simple, germinated and malted oat enhanced the cell viability of the probiotic lactobacilli; Lactobacillus casei exhibited better growth adaptability. The results also highlight that different weight in volume oat substrate concentrations has particular effects on Lact. casei growth kinetics. Our results contribute to a better understanding of oat-based media formulations as substrates for probiotic cultures. PMID:24979232

  6. Use of PCR primers and probes based on the 23S rRNA and internal transcription spacer (ITS) gene sequence for the detection and enumerization of Lactobacillus acidophilus and Lactobacillus plantarum in feed supplements

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Cheng-Chih Tsai; Chieh-Hsien Lai; Bi Yu; Hau-Yang Tsen

    2010-01-01

    Novel polymerase chain reaction (PCR) primers designed from the 16S–23S internal transcription spacer (ITS) rRNA and 23S rRNA genes, respectively, were used for the specific detection of Lactobacillus acidophilus and Lactobacillus plantarum. Molecular weights of the PCR products were 221 and 599 bp, respectively. Strains of L. acidophilus and L. plantarum obtained from the culture center, dairy products, infant stool and

  7. PEDIOCIN PRODUCTION IN MILK BY PEDIOCOCCUS ACIDILACTICI IN CO-CULTURE WITH STREPTOCOCCUS THERMOPHILUS AND LACTOBACILLUS DELBRUECKII SUBSP. BULGARICUS

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The production of pediocin in milk by Pediococcus acidilactici was evaluated in co-culture with the dairy fermentation cultures Streptococcus thermophilus, Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus, and Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis. The cultures were tested singly or in different combinations...

  8. Colicin E2 Expression in Lactobacillus brevis DT24, A Vaginal Probiotic Isolate, against Uropathogenic Escherichia coli

    PubMed Central

    Trivedi, Disha

    2014-01-01

    Novel therapeutic approaches are needed to combat the urinary tract infection in women. During menstruation elevated protein concentration and increase in oxygen and carbon dioxide concentrations with decrease in vaginal Lactobacilli all together contribute to urinary tract infections. Lactobacillus species are a predominant member of the vaginal microflora and are critical in the prevention of a number of urogenital diseases. In order to increase antimicrobial potential of vaginal Lactobacilli, bacteriocin colicin E2 which has specific activity against uropathogenic Escherichia coli has been overexpressed in vaginal probiotic Lactobacillus brevis DT24. Recombinant Lactobacillus brevis DT24 expressing colicin E2 showed much higher inhibitory activity against uropathogenic Escherichia coli than wild type L. brevis DT24 in vitro. Efficacy of probiotic Lactobacillus brevis DT24 expressing colicin E2 protein is required for further in vivo evaluation. PMID:24649377

  9. Enzymatic fractionation of the antimicrobial peptides casocidin and isracidin by Streptococcus thermophilus and Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The cumulative effect of peptidase and protease activities associated with cells of Streptococcus thermophilus (ST) and Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus (LB) was evaluated on the milk-protein based antimicrobial peptides casocidin and isracidin. Reaction mixtures of casocidin or isracidin...

  10. PRODUCTION OF MANNITOL BY LACTOBACILLUS INTERMEDIUS NRRL B-3693 IN FED-BATCH AND CONTINUOUS CELL-RECYCLE FERMENTATIONS

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Improved fermentation processes were developed for the production of mannitol by a heterofermentative lactic acid bacterium (Lactobacillus intermedius NRRL B-3693). A fed-batch fermentation protocol overcame limitations caused by high substrate concentrations. The process was developed using prima...

  11. Use of Group-Specific and RAPD-PCR Analyses for Rapid Differentiation of Lactobacillus Strains from Probiotic Yogurts

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ulrich Schillinger; Nuha M. K. Yousif; Lilijana Sesar; Charles M. A. P. Franz

    2003-01-01

    The increasing interest in probiotic lactobacilli implicates the requirement of techniques that allow a rapid and reliable identification of these organisms. In this study, group-specific PCR and RAPD-PCR analyses were used to identify strains of the Lactobacillus casei and Lactobacillus acidophilus groups most commonly used in probiotic yogurts. Group-specific PCR with primers for the L. casei and L. acidophilus groups,

  12. Lactobacillus plantarum (VR1) isolated from an Ayurvedic medicine (Kutajarista) ameliorates in vitro cellular damage caused by Aeromonas veronii

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Himanshu Kumar; Ashraf Y Rangrez; Kannayakanahalli M Dayananda; Ashwini N Atre; Milind S Patole; Yogesh S Shouche

    2011-01-01

    Background  \\u000a Lactobacillus plantarum is considered as a safe and effective probiotic microorganism. Among various sources of isolation, traditionally fermented\\u000a foods are considered to be rich in Lactobacillus spp., which can be exploited for their probiotic attribute. Antibacterial property of L. plantarum has been demonstrated against various enteric pathogens in both in vitro and in vivo systems. This study was aimed

  13. Glucan synthesis in the genus Lactobacillus: isolation and characterization of glucansucrase genes, enzymes and glucan products from six different strains

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Kralj; G. H. van Geel-Schutten; M. M. G. Dondorff; S. Kirsanovs; M. J. E. C. van der Maarel; L. Dijkhuizen

    2004-01-01

    Members of the genera Streptococcus and Leuconostoc synthesize various ?-glucans (dextran, alternan and mutan). In Lactobacillus, until now, the only glucosyltransferase (GTF) enzyme that has been characterized is gtfA of Lactobacillus reuteri 121, the first GTF enzyme synthesizing a glucan (reuteran) that contains mainly ?-(1?4) linkages together with ?-(1?6) and ?-(1?4,6) linkages. Recently, partial sequences of glucansucrase genes were detected

  14. Bacteriocinogenic Lactobacillus plantarum ST16Pa isolated from papaya ( Carica papaya) — From isolation to application: Characterization of a bacteriocin

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Svetoslav D. Todorov; Hervé Prévost; Martine Lebois; Xavier Dousset; Jean Guy LeBlanc; Bernadette D. G. M. Franco

    2011-01-01

    Strain ST16PA, isolated from papaya was identified as Lactobacillus plantarum based on biochemical tests, PCR with species-specific primers and 16S rDNA sequencing. L. plantarum ST16PA produces a 6.5kDa bacteriocin, active against different species from genera Enterobacter, Enterococcus, Lactobacillus, Pseudomonas, Streptococcus and Staphylococcus and different serotypes of Listeria spp. The peptide is inactivated by proteolytic enzymes, but not when treated with

  15. Demonstration of vaginal colonization with GusA-expressing Lactobacillus jensenii following oral delivery in rhesus macaques

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Laurel A. Lagenaur; Peter P. Lee; Dean H. Hamer; Brigitte E. Sanders-Beer

    The vaginal microbiome, which harbors beneficial Lactobacillus strains, is believed to be a major host defense mechanism for preventing infections of the urogenital tract. It has been suggested that the gastrointestinal tract serves as a reservoir for lactobacilli that colonize the vagina. Using rhesus macaques, we examined whether oral delivery of human vaginal Lactobacillus jensenii 1153–1646, a GusA-producing strain, would

  16. Detection and Identification of Gastrointestinal Lactobacillus Species by Using Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis and Species-Specific PCR Primers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Walter; G. W. Tannock; A. Tilsala-Timisjarvi; S. Rodtong; D. M. Loach; K. Munro; T. Alatossava

    2000-01-01

    Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) of DNA fragments obtained by PCR amplification of the V2-V3 region of the 16S rRNA gene was used to detect the presence of Lactobacillus species in the stomach contents of mice. Lactobacillus isolates cultured from human and porcine gastrointestinal samples were identified to the species level by using a combination of DGGE and species-specific PCR

  17. Identification of the Most Abundant Lactobacillus Species in the Crop of 1- and 5-Week-Old Broiler Chickens

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hanan T. Abbas Hilmi; Anu Surakka; Juha Apajalahti; P. E. J. Saris

    2007-01-01

    Bacteria from crops of 1- and 5-week-old broiler chickens fed with two brands (diets A and B) of wheat-based diets were isolated on Lactobacillus-selective medium and identified (n 300) based on partial 16S rRNA gene sequence. The most abundant Lactobacillus species were L. reuteri (33%), L. crispatus (18.7%), and L. salivarius (13.3%). Regardless of farm and feed, L. reuteri was

  18. Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei 8700:2 Degrades Inulin-Type Fructans Exhibiting Different Degrees of Polymerization

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lefteris Makras; Gerald Van Acker; Luc De Vuyst

    2005-01-01

    Ten strains of lactobacilli were assessed for their capacity to degrade inulin-type fructans, which are well-known prebiotics. Both oligofructose and inulin were tested. The dairy isolate Lactobacillus acidophilus IBB 801 degraded only oligofructose. The human isolate Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei 8700:2 degraded oligofructose and long-chain inulin and grew rapidly on both energy sources. In both cases, fractions of different degrees

  19. Use of the DNA sequence of variable regions of the 16S rRNA gene for rapid and accurate identification of bacteria in the Lactobacillus acidophilus complex.

    PubMed

    Kullen, M J; Sanozky-Dawes, R B; Crowell, D C; Klaenhammer, T R

    2000-09-01

    The Lactobacillus acidophilus complex includes Lact. acidophilus, Lactobacillus amylovorus, Lactobacillus crispatus, Lactobacillus gallinarum, Lactobacillus gasseri and Lactobacillus johnsonii. The objective of this work was to develop a rapid and definitive DNA sequence-based identification system for unknown isolates of the Lact. acidophilus complex. A approximately = 500 bp region of the 16S rRNA gene, which contained the V1 and V2 variable regions, was amplified from the isolates by the polymerase chain reaction. The sequence of this region of the 16S rRNA gene from the type strains of the Lact. acidophilus complex was sufficiently variable to allow for clear differentiation amongst each of the strains. As an initial step in the characterization of potentially probiotic strains, this technique was successfully used to identify a variety of unknown human intestinal isolates. The approach described here represents a rapid and definitive method for the identification of Lact. acidophilus complex members. PMID:11021584

  20. Construction of a new reporter system to study the NaCl-dependent dnaK promoter activity of Lactobacillus sanfranciscensis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sebastian Hörmann; Rudi F. Vogel; Matthias Ehrmann

    2006-01-01

    A reporter system was developed to study gene expression in Lactobacillus sanfranciscensis. It was based on the Escherichia coli\\/Lactobacillus shuttle vector pLP3537 and the melA gene encoding ?-galactosidase originating from Lactobacillus plantarum. melA was functionally expressed in E. coli and L. sanfranciscensis, and activity was easily monitored in vivo as well as in vitro by applying an optimized enzyme assay.

  1. A mild pulsed electric field condition that improves acid tolerance, growth, and protease activity of Lactobacillus acidophilus LA-K and Lactobacillus delbrueckii subspecies bulgaricus LB-12.

    PubMed

    Najim, N; Aryana, Kayanush J

    2013-06-01

    Pulsed electric field (PEF) processing involves the application of pulses of voltage for less than 1 s to fluid products placed between 2 electrodes. The effect of mild PEF on beneficial characteristics of probiotic bacteria Lactobacillus acidophilus and Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus is not clearly understood. The objective of this study was to determine the influence of mild PEF conditions on acid tolerance, growth, and protease activity of Lb. acidophilus LA-K and Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus LB-12. A pilot plant PEF system (OSU-4M; The Ohio State University, Columbus) was used. The PEF treatments were positive square unipolar pulse width of 3 µs, pulse period of 0.5s, electric field strength of 1 kV/cm, delay time of 20 µs, flow rate of 60 mL/min, and 40.5°C PEF treatment temperature. Both Lb. acidophilus LA-K and Lb. bulgaricus LB-12 subjected to mild PEF conditions were acid tolerant until the end of the 120 min of incubation, unlike the Lb. bulgaricus control, which was not acid tolerant after 30 min. The mild PEF-treated Lb. acidophilus LA-K and Lb. bulgaricus LB-12 reached the logarithmic phase of growth an hour earlier than the control. Mild PEF conditions studied significantly improved acid tolerance, exponential growth, and protease activity of both Lb. acidophilus LA-K and Lb. bulgaricus LB-12 compared with the control. The mild PEF conditions studied can be recommended for pretreating cultures to enhance these desirable attributes. PMID:23587394

  2. Administration of probiotics Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG and Lactobacillus gasseri K7 during pregnancy and lactation changes mouse mesenteric lymph nodes and mammary gland microbiota.

    PubMed

    Treven, P; Mrak, V; Bogovi? Matijaši?, B; Horvat, S; Rogelj, I

    2015-04-01

    The milk and mammary gland (MG) microbiome can be influenced by several factors, such as mode of delivery, breastfeeding, maternal lifestyle, health status, and diet. An increasing number of studies show a variety of positive effects of consumption of probiotics during pregnancy and breastfeeding on the mother and the newborn. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of oral administration of probiotics Lactobacillus gasseri K7 (LK7) and Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) during pregnancy and lactation on microbiota of the mouse mesenteric lymph nodes (MLN), MG, and milk. Pregnant FVB/N mice were fed skim milk or probiotics LGG or LK7 resuspended in skim milk during gestation and lactation. On d 3 and 8 postpartum, blood, feces, MLN, MG, and milk were analyzed for the presence of LGG or LK7. The effects of probiotics on MLN, MG, and milk microbiota was evaluated by real-time PCR and by 16S ribosomal DNA 454-pyrosequencing. In 5 of 8 fecal samples from the LGG group and in 5 of 8 fecal samples from the LK7 group, more than 1×10(3) of live LGG or LK7 bacterial cells were detected, respectively, whereas no viable LGG or LK7 cells were detected in the control group. Live lactic acid bacteria but no LGG or LK7 were detected in blood, MLN, and MG. Both probiotics significantly increased the total bacterial load as assessed by copies of 16S ribosomal DNA in MLN, and a similar trend was observed in MG. Metagenomic sequencing revealed that both probiotics increased the abundance of Firmicutes in MG, especially the abundance of lactic acid bacteria. The Lactobacillus genus appeared exclusively in MG from probiotic groups. Both probiotics influenced MLN microbiota by decreasing diversity (Chao1) and increasing the distribution of species (Shannon index). The LGG probiotic also affected the MG microbiota as it increased diversity and distribution of species and proportions of the genera Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium. These results provide evidence that probiotics can modulate the bacterial composition of MLN and MG microbiota in ways that could improve the health of the MG and, ultimately, the health of the newborn. PMID:25622869

  3. Abating colon cancer polyposis by Lactobacillus acidophilus deficient in lipoteichoic acid.

    PubMed

    Khazaie, Khashayarsha; Zadeh, Mojgan; Khan, Mohammad W; Bere, Praveen; Gounari, Fotini; Dennis, Kirsten; Blatner, Nichole R; Owen, Jennifer L; Klaenhammer, Todd R; Mohamadzadeh, Mansour

    2012-06-26

    An imbalance of commensal bacteria and their gene products underlies mucosal and, in particular, gastrointestinal inflammation and a predisposition to cancer. Lactobacillus species have received considerable attention as examples of beneficial microbiota. We have reported previously that deletion of the phosphoglycerol transferase gene that is responsible for lipoteichoic acid (LTA) biosynthesis in Lactobacillus acidophilus (NCK2025) rendered this bacterium able to significantly protect mice against induced colitis when delivered orally. Here we report that oral treatment with LTA-deficient NCK2025 normalizes innate and adaptive pathogenic immune responses and causes regression of established colonic polyps. This study reveals the proinflammatory role of LTA and the ability of LTA-deficient L. acidophilus to regulate inflammation and protect against colonic polyposis in a unique mouse model. PMID:22689992

  4. Abating colon cancer polyposis by Lactobacillus acidophilus deficient in lipoteichoic acid

    PubMed Central

    Khazaie, Khashayarsha; Zadeh, Mojgan; Khan, Mohammad W.; Bere, Praveen; Gounari, Fotini; Dennis, Kirsten; Blatner, Nichole R.; Owen, Jennifer L.; Klaenhammer, Todd R.; Mohamadzadeh, Mansour

    2012-01-01

    An imbalance of commensal bacteria and their gene products underlies mucosal and, in particular, gastrointestinal inflammation and a predisposition to cancer. Lactobacillus species have received considerable attention as examples of beneficial microbiota. We have reported previously that deletion of the phosphoglycerol transferase gene that is responsible for lipoteichoic acid (LTA) biosynthesis in Lactobacillus acidophilus (NCK2025) rendered this bacterium able to significantly protect mice against induced colitis when delivered orally. Here we report that oral treatment with LTA-deficient NCK2025 normalizes innate and adaptive pathogenic immune responses and causes regression of established colonic polyps. This study reveals the proinflammatory role of LTA and the ability of LTA-deficient L. acidophilus to regulate inflammation and protect against colonic polyposis in a unique mouse model. PMID:22689992

  5. Lactobacillus acidophilus suppresses colitis-associated activation of the IL-23/Th17 axis.

    PubMed

    Chen, Linlin; Zou, Yiyou; Peng, Jie; Lu, Fanggen; Yin, Yani; Li, Fujun; Yang, Junwen

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to determine the modulatory effects of Lactobacillus acidophilus on the IL-23/Th17 immune axis in experimental colitis. DSS-induced mouse models of UC were to be saline, hormones, and different concentrations of Lactobacillus acidophilus intervention. The expression of interleukin- (IL-) 17, tumor necrosis factor ? (TNF?), IL-23, transforming growth factor ?1 (TGF?1), signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), and phosphorylated (p)-STAT3 was examined by RT-PCR, Western blotting, and immunohistochemical analysis. And the results showed that administration of L. acidophilus suppressed Th17 cell-mediated secretion of proinflammatory cytokine IL-17 through downregulation of IL-23 and TGF?1 expression and downstream phosphorylation of p-STAT3. PMID:25973440

  6. Construction and validation of a mCherry protein vector for promoter analysis in Lactobacillus acidophilus.

    PubMed

    Mohedano, M Luz; García-Cayuela, Tomás; Pérez-Ramos, Adrián; Gaiser, Rogier A; Requena, Teresa; López, Paloma

    2015-02-01

    Lactobacilli are widespread in natural environments and are increasingly being investigated as potential health modulators. In this study, we have adapted the broad-host-range vector pNZ8048 to express the mCherry protein (pRCR) to expand the usage of the mCherry protein for analysis of gene expression in Lactobacillus. This vector is also able to replicate in Streptococcus pneumoniae and Escherichia coli. The usage of pRCR as a promoter probe was validated in Lactobacillus acidophilus by characterizing the regulation of lactacin B expression. The results show that the regulation is exerted at the transcriptional level, with lbaB gene expression being specifically induced by co-culture of the L. acidophilus bacteriocin producer and the S. thermophilus STY-31 inducer bacterium. PMID:25533634

  7. Lactobacillus-produced exopolysaccharides and their potential health benefits: a review.

    PubMed

    Patten, D A; Laws, A P

    2015-01-01

    Lactic acid bacteria, such as those of the Lactobacillus genus, naturally reside within the microbiota of the human body and have long been used as starter cultures and probiotic enhancers in fermented foods, such as fermented drinks, yoghurts and cheeses. Many of the beneficial qualities of these bacteria have traditionally been associated with the bacteria themselves, however, a recent spate of studies have demonstrated a wide variety of biological effects exhibited by lactobacilli-produced exopolysaccharides which could, theoretically, confer a range of local and systemic health benefits upon the host. In this review, we discuss the production of exopolysaccharides within the Lactobacillus genus and explore their potential as beneficial bioactive compounds. PMID:25567540

  8. Prevention of vaginal SHIV transmission in macaques by a live recombinant Lactobacillus

    PubMed Central

    Lagenaur, Laurel A; Sanders-Beer, Brigitte E; Brichacek, Beda; Pal, Ranajit; Liu, Xiaowen; Liu, Yang; Yu, Rosa; Venzon, David; Lee, Peter P; Hamer, Dean H

    2012-01-01

    Most HIV transmission in women occurs through the cervicovaginal mucosa, which is coated by a bacterial biofilm including Lactobacillus. This commensal bacterium plays a role in maintaining healthy mucosa and can be genetically engineered to produce anti-viral peptides. Here, we report a 63% reduction in transmission of a chimeric simian/human immunodeficiency virus (SHIVSF162P3) after repeated vaginal challenges of macaques treated with Lactobacillus jensenii expressing the HIV-1 entry inhibitor cyanovirin-N. Furthermore, peak viral loads in colonized macaques with breakthrough infection were reduced 6-fold. Colonization and prolonged anti-viral protein secretion by the genetically engineered lactobacilli did not cause any increase in proinflammatory markers. These findings lay the foundation for an accessible and durable approach to reduce heterosexual transmission of HIV in women that is coitally independent, inexpensive, and enhances the natural protective effects of the vaginal microflora. PMID:21734653

  9. Microbial ketonization of ginsenosides F1 and C-K by Lactobacillus brevis.

    PubMed

    Jin, Yan; Jung, Sun Young; Kim, Yeon-Ju; Lee, Dae-Young; Min, Jin-Woo; Wang, Chao; Yang, Deok-Chun

    2014-12-01

    Ginsenosides are the major pharmacological components in ginseng. We isolated lactic acid bacteria from Kimchi to identify microbial modifications of ginsenosides. Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that the strain DCY65-1 belongs to the genus Lactobacillus and is most closely related to Lactobacillus brevis. On the basis of TLC and HPLC analysis, we found two metabolic pathways: F1 ? 6?,12?-dihydroxydammar-3-one-20(S)-O-?-D-glucopyranoside and C-K ? 12?-hydroxydammar-3-one-20(S)-O-?-D-glucopyranoside. These results suggest that strain DCY65-1 is capable of potent ketonic decarboxylation, ketonizing the hydroxyl group at C-3. The F1 metabolite had a more potent inhibitory effect on mushroom tyrosinase than did the substrate. Therefore, the F1 and C-K derivatives may be more pharmacologically active compounds, which should be further characterized. PMID:25262121

  10. Residue Phe112 of the Human-Type Corrinoid Adenosyltransferase (PduO) Enzyme of Lactobacillus reuteri Is Critical to the Formation of the Four-Coordinate Co(II)

    E-print Network

    Rayment, Ivan

    Residue Phe112 of the Human-Type Corrinoid Adenosyltransferase (PduO) Enzyme of Lactobacillus Lactobacillus reuteri (LrPduO) in complex with ATP and cob(II)alamin shows that the environment around the R

  11. Improvement of Raw Sausage Fermentation by Stress-Conditioning of the Starter Organism Lactobacillus sakei

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eric Hüfner; Christian Hertel

    2008-01-01

    Effective growth and high acidification activity during meat fermentation are key characteristics of starter lactobacilli\\u000a to ensure hygienic safety and sensory quality of the product. In this study, we demonstrated that the performance of Lactobacillus sakei in sausage fermentation can be improved by preinoculation treatments with sublethal heat, cold, and salt stress. Sausages\\u000a were produced and inoculated with stress-treated cells

  12. Rapid Quantitative Detection of Lactobacillus sakei in Meat and Fermented Sausages by Real-Time PCR

    Microsoft Academic Search

    B. Martin; Anna Jofre; Margarita Garriga; Maria Pla; Teresa Aymerich

    2006-01-01

    A quick and simple method for quantitative detection of Lactobacillus sakei in fermented sausages was successfully developed. It is based on Chelex-100-based DNA purification and real-time PCR enumeration using a TaqMan fluorescence probe. Primers and probes were designed in the L. sakei 16S-23S rRNA intergenic transcribed spacer region, and the assay was evaluated using L. sakei genomic DNA and an

  13. Biotransformation of cholesterol using Lactobacillus bulgaricus in a glucose-controlled bioreactor

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R Kumar; J. S Dahiya; D Singh; P Nigam

    2001-01-01

    A novel single-step microbial transformation process for the production of testosterone from cholestrol by Lactobacillus bulgaricus in an aerated fermenter was investigated. The metabolism of glucose possibly supplying reducing power as NADH was necessary for the reduction of androst-4-en-3,17-dione (AD) to testosterone (TS). The growth period for the accumulation of testosterone in maximal amount and the residual glucose increased in

  14. Survival of Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidobacterium animalis ssp. lactis in stirred fruit yogurts

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K. Kailasapathy; I. Harmstorf; M. Phillips

    2008-01-01

    The effect of commercial fruit preparations (mango, mixed berry, passion fruit and strawberry) on the viability of probiotic bacteria, Lactobacillus acidophilus LAFTI® L10 and Bifidobacterium animalis ssp. lactis LAFTI® B94 in stirred yogurts during storage (35 days) at refrigerated temperature (4°C) was evaluated. The results showed that addition of either 5 or 10g\\/100g fruit preparations had no significant (p>0.05) effect

  15. Comparative genomics of Lactobacillus sakei with emphasis on strains from meat

    Microsoft Academic Search

    O. Ludvig Nyquist; Anette McLeod; Dag A. Brede; Lars Snipen; Ågot Aakra; Ingolf F. Nes

    2011-01-01

    Lactobacillus sakei is a lactic acid bacterium important in food microbiology mainly due to its ability to ferment and preserve meat. The genome\\u000a sequence of L. sakei strain 23K has revealed specialized metabolic capacities that reflect the bacterium’s adaption to meat products, and that\\u000a differentiate it from other LAB. An extensive genomic diversity analysis was conducted to elucidate the core

  16. Multi-spectrometric analyses of lipoteichoic acids isolated from Lactobacillus plantarum

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kyoung-Soon Jang; Jung Eun Baik; Seung Hyun Han; Dae Kyun Chung; Byung-Gee Kim

    2011-01-01

    Lipoteichoic acid is a major cell wall virulence factor of gram-positive bacteria. LTAs from various bacteria have differential immunostimulatory potentials due to heterogeneity in their structures. Although recent studies have demonstrated that LTA isolated from Lactobacillus plantarum (pLTA) has anti-inflammatory properties and is less inflammatory than LTAs from pathogenic bacteria, little is known about the structure of pLTA. In this

  17. Immune responses and gene expression in white shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei, induced by Lactobacillus plantarum

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chiu-Hsia Chiu; Yuan-Kuang Guu; Chun-Hung Liu; Tzu-Ming Pan; Winton Cheng

    2007-01-01

    The total haemocyte counts, phenoloxidase (PO) activity, respiratory bursts, superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, and phagocytic activity and clearance efficiency to Vibrio alginolyticus, as well as prophenoloxidase (proPO), lipopolysaccharide- and ?-1,3-glucan-binding protein (LGBP), serine protein (SP), and peroxinectin (PE) mRNA transcription of L. vannamei, and its susceptibility to V. alginolyticus when the shrimp were fed diets containing Lactobacillus plantarum at 0

  18. Inducible Gene Expression in Lactobacillus reuteri LTH5531 during Type II Sourdough Fermentation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Fabio Dal Bello; Jens Walter; Stefan Roos; Hans Jonsson; Christian Hertel

    2005-01-01

    Lactobacillus reuteri LTH5531 is a dominant member of the microbiota of type II sourdough fermentations. To investigate the genetic background of the ecological performance of LTH5531, in vivo expression technology was used to identify promoters that show elevated levels of expression during growth of this organism in a type II sourdough fermentation. Thirty-eight sourdough-induced fusions were detected, and 29 genes

  19. Production of organic acids by Lactobacillus strains in three different media

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zsolt Zalán; Jaroslav Hudá?ek; Ji?í Št?tina; Jana Chumchalová; Anna Halász

    2010-01-01

    Ten strains of Lactobacillus (Lb). casei, Lb. rhamnosus, Lb. plantarum, Lb. paracasei and Lb. curvatus species were chosen to determine the production of organic acids after cultivation in skimmed milk, MRS broth and Jerusalem\\u000a artichoke (JA) medium. The highest acidity was obtained in MRS broth and the weakest acidification was found in skimmed milk.\\u000a Lb. casei Shirota produced the highest

  20. Cloning and characterization of the lactate dehydrogenase genes from Lactobacillus sp. RKY2

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jin-Ha Lee; Mi-Hwa Choi; Ji-Young Park; Hee-Kyoung Kang; Hwa-Won Ryu; Chang-Sin Sunwo; Young-Jung Wee; Ki-Deok Park; Do-Won Kim; Doman Kim

    2004-01-01

    Lactic acid is an environmentally benign organic acid that could be used as a raw material for biodegradable plastics if it\\u000a can be inexpensively produced by fermentation. Two genes (IdhL andIdhD) encoding the L-(+) and D-(?) lactate dehydrogenases (L-LDH and D-LDH) were cloned fromLactobacillus sp., RKY2, which is a lactic acid hyper-producing bacterium isolated from Kimchi. Open reading frames ofIdhL

  1. Immobilization of Lactobacillus casei cells to ceramic material pretreated with polyethylenimine

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dong Guoqiang; Rajni Kaul; Bo Mattiasson

    1992-01-01

    The cells of Lactobacillus casei were adsorbed to Poraver, foam glass particles pretreated with polyethylenimine (PEI). Exposure of cells for a relatively short period to Poraver beads coated with a high concentration of PEI resulted in maximal adsorption with good retention of metabolic activity. The immobilized cells were tested in packed-bed and stirred-tank reactors for lactic acid production. Stirred-tank operations

  2. Complete genome sequence of Lactobacillus helveticus H9, a probiotic strain originated from kurut.

    PubMed

    Chen, Yongfu; Zhang, Wenyi; Sun, Zhihong; Meng, Bilighe; Zhang, Heping

    2015-01-20

    Lactobacillus helveticus H9 is a probiotic strain that is able to produce antihypertensive peptides during milk fermentation. Its genome has a circular 1.87Mb chromosome. Comparative genomic analysis revealed that the component of proteinases, peptide transport systems and peptidases in L. helveticus appeared to be strain-specific. Such information may help us to understand how the proteolytic system is related to its probiotic properties. PMID:25499075

  3. Coexpression and Secretion of Endoglucanase and Phytase Genes in Lactobacillus reuteri

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Lei; Yang, Yuxin; Cai, Bei; Cao, Pinghua; Yang, Mingming; Chen, Yulin

    2014-01-01

    A multifunctional transgenic Lactobacillus with probiotic characteristics and an ability to degrade ?-glucan and phytic acid (phytate) was engineered to improve nutrient utilization, increase production performance and decrease digestive diseases in broiler chickens. The Bacillus subtilis WL001 endoglucanase gene (celW) and Aspergillus fumigatus WL002 phytase gene (phyW) mature peptide (phyWM) were cloned into an expression vector with the lactate dehydrogenase promoter of Lactobacillus casei and the secretion signal peptide of the Lactococcus lactis usp45 gene. This construct was then transformed into Lactobacillus reuteri XC1 that had been isolated from the gastrointestinal tract of broilers. Heterologous enzyme production and feed effectiveness of this genetically modified L. reuteri strain were investigated and evaluated. Sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis analysis showed that the molecular mass of phyWM and celW was approximately 48.2 and 55 kDa, respectively, consistent with their predicted molecular weights. Endoglucanase and phytase activities in the extracellular fraction of the transformed L. reuteri culture were 0.68 and 0.42 U/mL, respectively. Transformed L. reuteri improved the feed conversion ratio of broilers from 21 to 42 days of age and over the whole feeding period. However, there was no effect on body weight gain and feed intake of chicks. Transformed L. reuteri supplementation improved levels of ash, calcium and phosphorus in tibiae at day 21 and of phosphorus at day 42. In addition, populations of Escherichia coli, Veillonella spp. and Bacteroides vulgatus were decreased, while populations of Bifidobacterium genus and Lactobacillus spp. were increased in the cecum at day 21. PMID:25050780

  4. In Vivo PCR-DGGE Analysis of Lactobacillus plantarum and Oenococcus oeni Populations in Red Wine

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. Spano; A. Lonvaud-Funel; O. Claisse; S. Massa

    2007-01-01

    In order to monitor Lactobacillus plantarum and Oenococcus oeni in red wine produced with Italian grape (variety “Primitivo di Puglia”), a polymerase chain reaction– denaturing gradient\\u000a gel electrophoresis (PCR-DGGE) approach using the rpoB as gene target was established. Wine was treated or not with potassium metabisulphite and supplemented with a commercial\\u000a bacterial starter of O. oeni to encourage malolactic fermentation.

  5. Prevention of vaginal SHIV transmission in macaques by a live recombinant Lactobacillus

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L A Lagenaur; B E Sanders-Beer; B Brichacek; R Pal; X Liu; Y Liu; R Yu; D Venzon; P P Lee; D H Hamer

    2011-01-01

    Most human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmissions in women occur through the cervicovaginal mucosa, which is coated by a bacterial biofilm including Lactobacillus. This commensal bacterium has a role in maintaining a healthy mucosa and can be genetically engineered to produce antiviral peptides. Here, we report a 63% reduction in transmission of a chimeric simian\\/HIV (SHIVSF162P3) after repeated vaginal challenges of

  6. Isolation, characterization, and evaluation of wild isolates of Lactobacillus reuteri from pig feces

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Deog Yong Lee; Yeon-Soo Seo; Nabin Rayamajhi; Mi Lan Kang; Su In Lee; Han Sang Yoo

    2009-01-01

    Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are a well-used probiotics for health improvements in both humans and animals. Despite of several\\u000a benefits, non-host-specific LAB showed poor probiotics effects due to difficulty in colonization and competition with normal\\u000a flora. Therefore, the feasibility of porcine LAB isolates was evaluated as a probiotics. Ten of 49 Lactobacillus spp. isolates harbored 2?10 kb plasmid DNA. Seven

  7. Draft Genome Sequence of Lactobacillus plantarum Lp90 Isolated from Wine

    PubMed Central

    Lamontanara, Antonella; Caggianiello, Graziano; Orrù, Luigi; Capozzi, Vittorio; Michelotti, Vania; Bayjanov, Jumamurat R.; Renckens, Bernadet; van Hijum, Sacha A. F. T.; Cattivelli, Luigi

    2015-01-01

    Here, we describe the draft genome sequence and annotation of Lactobacillus plantarum strain Lp90, the first sequenced genome of a L. plantarum strain isolated from wine. This strain has a noticeable ropy phenotype and showed potential probiotic properties. The genome consists of 3,324,076 bp (33 contigs) and contains 3,155 protein coding genes, 34 pseudogenes, and 84 RNA genes. PMID:25767234

  8. Characterization of the polysaccharides from a Lactobacillus brevis and from sugary kefir grains

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Pidoux; J. M. Brillouet; B. Quemener

    1988-01-01

    Summary The gel-forming polysaccharide of the sugary kefir grains (11.5% of dry matter) or one taken from aLactobacillus brevis culture were identified as dextrans with some 1)-Gp-(3 links in the main chain, with a ratio (branched\\/total units) of 0.19 and 0.14 respectively, instead of 0.07 for the non-gelling polysaccharide.

  9. Effects of vitamins on the lactic acid biosynthesis of Lactobacillus paracasei NERCB 0401

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Guo-Qian Xu; Ju Chu; Ying-Ping Zhuang; Yong-Hong Wang; Si-Liang Zhang

    2008-01-01

    The effects of various vitamin supplements, vitamin B1, B2, B5, B6, and H on the fermentation of Lactobacillus paracasei NERCB 0401 for production of lactic acid were investigated. Vitamin B1 and H were found to be the determinant supplements for the fermentation process. The optimal addition of vitamin supplements in defined medium were experimentally studied and found be 0.053mg\\/L vitamin

  10. Coexpression and secretion of endoglucanase and phytase genes in Lactobacillus reuteri.

    PubMed

    Wang, Lei; Yang, Yuxin; Cai, Bei; Cao, Pinghua; Yang, Mingming; Chen, Yulin

    2014-01-01

    A multifunctional transgenic Lactobacillus with probiotic characteristics and an ability to degrade ?-glucan and phytic acid (phytate) was engineered to improve nutrient utilization, increase production performance and decrease digestive diseases in broiler chickens. The Bacillus subtilis WL001 endoglucanase gene (celW) and Aspergillus fumigatus WL002 phytase gene (phyW) mature peptide (phyWM) were cloned into an expression vector with the lactate dehydrogenase promoter of Lactobacillus casei and the secretion signal peptide of the Lactococcus lactis usp45 gene. This construct was then transformed into Lactobacillus reuteri XC1 that had been isolated from the gastrointestinal tract of broilers. Heterologous enzyme production and feed effectiveness of this genetically modified L. reuteri strain were investigated and evaluated. Sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis analysis showed that the molecular mass of phyWM and celW was approximately 48.2 and 55 kDa, respectively, consistent with their predicted molecular weights. Endoglucanase and phytase activities in the extracellular fraction of the transformed L. reuteri culture were 0.68 and 0.42 U/mL, respectively. Transformed L. reuteri improved the feed conversion ratio of broilers from 21 to 42 days of age and over the whole feeding period. However, there was no effect on body weight gain and feed intake of chicks. Transformed L. reuteri supplementation improved levels of ash, calcium and phosphorus in tibiae at day 21 and of phosphorus at day 42. In addition, populations of Escherichia coli, Veillonella spp. and Bacteroides vulgatus were decreased, while populations of Bifidobacterium genus and Lactobacillus spp. were increased in the cecum at day 21. PMID:25050780

  11. Robustness of Lactobacillus plantarum starters during daily propagation of wheat flour sourdough type I.

    PubMed

    Minervini, Fabio; De Angelis, Maria; Di Cagno, Raffaella; Pinto, Daniela; Siragusa, Sonya; Rizzello, Carlo Giuseppe; Gobbetti, Marco

    2010-10-01

    This study aimed at investigating the robustness of selected sourdough strains of Lactobacillus plantarum. Seven strains were singly used as sourdough type I starters under daily back-slopping propagation (ten days) using wheat flour. Cell numbers of presumptive lactic acid bacteria varied slightly (median values of 9.13-9.46 log cfu g(-1)) between and within started sourdoughs, as well as the acidifying activity (median values of 1.24-1.33). After three days also the control sourdough (unstarted) had the same values. As shown by RAPD-PCR analysis, five (DB200, 3DM, G10C3, 12H1 and LP20) out of seven strains maintained elevated cell numbers (ca. 9 log cfu g(-1)) throughout ten days. The other two strains progressively decreased to less than 5 log cfu g(-1). As identified by partial sequencing of 16S rRNA and recA genes, L. plantarum (11 isolates), pediococci (7), Lactobacillus casei (3) and Lactobacillus rossiae (2) dominated the flour microbiota. Monitoring of lactic acid bacteria during sourdough propagation was carried out by culture dependent approach and using PCR-DGGE (Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis). Except for the sourdough started with L. plantarum LP20, in all other sourdoughs at least one autochthonous strain of L. plantarum emerged. All emerging strains of L. plantarum showed different RAPD-PCR profiles. L. rossiae and Pediococcus pentosaceus were only found in the control and sourdough started with strain 12H1. The characterization of the catabolic profiles of sourdoughs (Biolog System) showed that sourdoughs containing persistent starters behaved similarly and their profiles were clearly differentiated from the others. One persistent strain (DB200) of L. plantarum and Lactobacillus sanfranciscensis LS44, previously shown to be persistent (Siragusa et al., 2009), were used as the mixed starter to produce a wheat flour sourdough. Both strains cohabited and dominated during ten days of propagation. PMID:20688231

  12. Neonatal small bowel epithelia: enhancing anti-bacterial defense with lactoferrin and Lactobacillus GG

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael P. Sherman; Stephen H. Bennett; Freda F. Y. Hwang; Camille Yu

    2004-01-01

    Background and Aims. Extremely preterm human infants have increased susceptibility to small bowel infection. We hypothesized that early colonization of the immature small intestine with Lactobacillus GG (LGG), and use of a recombinant lactoferrin (rhLF) to promote growth of LGG, would enhance gut defenses against enteroinvasive Eschericheria coli.Methods. Newborn rat pups were treated with nothing, intra-gastric LGG, or rhLF?+?LGG on

  13. Complete genome sequence of the probiotic lactic acid bacterium Lactobacillus acidophilus NCFM

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eric Altermann; W. Michael Russell; M. Andrea Azcarate-Peril; Rodolphe Barrangou; B. Logan Buck; Olivia McAuliffe; Nicole Souther; Alleson Dobson; Tri Duong; Michael Callanan; Sonja Lick; Alice Hamrick; Raul Cano; Todd R. Klaenhammer

    Lactobacillus acidophilus NCFM is a probiotic bacterium that has been produced commercially since 1972. The complete genome is 1,993,564 nt and devoid of plasmids. The average GC content is 34.71% with 1,864 predicted ORFs, of which 72.5% were function- ally classified. Nine phage-related integrases were predicted, but no complete prophages were found. However, three unique re- gions designated as potential

  14. Impact of Lactobacillus acidophilus on the normal intestinal microflora after administration of two antimicrobial agents

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Lidbeck; C. Edlund; J. Å. Gustafsson; L. Kager; C. E. Nora

    1988-01-01

    Summary Twenty healthy volunteers participated in a comparative study concerning the influence ofLactobacillus acidophilus supplements on the normal intestinal microflora after the administration of two antimicrobial agents, enoxacin and clindamycin, respectively.L. acidophilus NCFB 1748 was given as a fermented milk product containing 5 × 108-2 × 109 CFU\\/ml to ten of the volunteers immediately after the administration of the antimicrobial

  15. Characterization of the Tn916 Conjugative Transposon in a Food-Borne Strain of Lactobacillus paracasei

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chiara Devirgiliis; Doriana Coppola; Simona Barile; Bianca Colonna; Giuditta Perozzi

    2009-01-01

    Food-borne antibiotic-resistant lactic acid bacteria have received growing attention in the past few years. We have recently identified tetracycline-resistant Lactobacillus paracasei in samples of milk and natural whey starter cultures employed in the manufacturing process of a typical Italian fermented dairy product, Mozza- rella di Bufala Campana. In the present study, we have characterized at the molecular level the genetic

  16. Purification and amino acid sequence of sakacin A, a bacteriocin from Lactobacillus sake Lb706

    Microsoft Academic Search

    ASKILD HOLCK; LARS AXELSSON; STEIN-ERIK BIRKELAND; THEA AUKRUST; HANS BLOM

    1992-01-01

    Sakacin A, a bacteriocin produced by Lactobacillus sake Lb706 and which inhibits the growth of Listeria monocytogenes, was purified to homogeneity by ammonium sulphate precipitation and ion-exchange, hydrophobic- interaction and reversed-phase chromatography. The complete amino acid sequence of sakacin A was determined by Edman degradation. The bacteriocin consisted of 41 amino acid residues and had a calculated Mc of 4308.7,

  17. The Effect of Oral Feeding of Lactobacillus casei Strain Shirota on Immunoglobulin E Production in Mice

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T. Matsuzaki; R. Yamazaki; S. Hashimoto; T. Yokokura

    1998-01-01

    We investigated the effect of oral feeding of heat- killed Lactobacillus casei strain Shirota on im- munoglobulin E (IgE) production in mice. The strain was orally administered to BALB\\/c mice that had been preinjected intraperitoneally with ovalbumin, and the level of IgE in serum was determined. Results indicated that the oral feeding of L. casei strain Shirota was effective in

  18. Lactobacillus species prevents colitis in interleukin 10 gene–deficient mice

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Karen L. Madsen; Jason S. Doyle; Laurence D. Jewell; Michele M. Tavernini; Richard N. Fedorak

    1999-01-01

    Background & Aims: Intestinal luminal microflora, or their products, are likely an important initiating factor in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease. The aim of this study was to determine the role of colonic aerobic luminal bacteria and Lactobacillus species in the development of colitis in interleukin (IL)-10 gene–deficient mice. Methods: Intestine from 2–16-week-old mice was scored histologically and cultured

  19. Applicability of rep-PCR fingerprinting for identification of Lactobacillus species

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dirk Gevers; Geert Huys; Jean Swings

    2001-01-01

    PCR amplification of repetitive bacterial DNA elements fingerprinting using the (GTG)5 primer ((GTG)5-PCR) was proven to be useful for differentiation of a wide range of lactobacilli (i.e. 26 different (sub)species) at the species, subspecies and potentially up to the strain level. Using this rapid and reproducible genotypic technique, new Lactobacillus isolates recovered from different types of fermented dry sausage could

  20. Survival of Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidobacterium bifidum in commercial yoghurt during refrigerated storage

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nagendra P. Shah; Warnakulasuriya E. V. Lankaputhra; Margaret L. Britz; William S. A. Kyle

    1995-01-01

    Samples of five brands of commercial yoghurt were obtained directly from the processors and enumeration of viable Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidobacterium bifidum and determination of pH was carried out at three-day intervals over a five-week period. Three of the five products contained 107–108 g?1 viable cells of L. acidophilus, whereas the other two products contained ? 105 of this organism

  1. Oat ?-glucan and xylan hydrolysates as selective substrates for Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus strains

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Jaskari; P. Kontula; A. Siitonen; H. Jousimies-Somer; T. Mattila-Sandholm; K. Poutanen

    1998-01-01

    Novel oligomers that resist digestion in the upper gut were prepared from oat mixed-linked ?-glucan and xylan by enzymatic\\u000a hydrolysis with lichenase of Bacillus subtilis and xylanase of Trichoderma reesei respectively. The low-molecular-mass hydrolysis products of ?-glucan and xylan were compared with fructooligomers and raffinose\\u000a in their ability to provide growth substrates for probiotic (Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium) and intestinal (Bacteroides,

  2. Molecular Analysis of the Composition of the Bifidobacterial and Lactobacillus Microflora of Humans

    Microsoft Academic Search

    ANNE L. MCCARTNEY; WANG WENZHI; ANDGERALD W. TANNOCK

    1996-01-01

    Thebifidobacterialandlactobacilluspopulationsoffecalsamplescollectedfromtwohumansubjectsduring a 12-month period were studied. The total numbers of bifidobacteria were stable throughout the study period in both subjects, but lactobacillus numbers were less constant. Analysis of the composition of the bifidobac- terial populations by using ribotyping or pulsed-field gel electrophoresis to differentiate between bacterial strains demonstrated major differences between the subjects. Subject 1 harboredfive strains of bifidobacteria throughoutthe12-monthperiod,andonestrainwasnumericallypredominant.Incontrast,subject2harbored

  3. Improved immunogenicity of oral D x RRV reassortant rotavirus vaccine by Lactobacillus casei GG

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Erika Isolauri; Jaana Joensuu; Hanna Suomalainen; Mari Luomala; Timo Vesikari

    1995-01-01

    In a search for new strategies to improve oral vaccination, the effect of orally administered Lactobacillus casei strain GG (LGG) in conjunction with D x RRV rhesus-human reassortant live oral rotavirus vaccine was tested in 2–5-month-old infants. Infants who received LGG showed an increased response with regard to rotavirus-specific IgM secreting cells, measured using an ELISPOT technique, on day 8

  4. Microfiltration conditions modify Lactobacillus bulgaricus cryotolerance in response to physiological changes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Fernanda Streit; Violaine Athès; Amine Bchir; Georges Corrieu; Catherine Béal

    2011-01-01

    This work aimed at analyzing the effect of microfiltration conditions (cross-flow velocity and transmembrane pressure) on\\u000a the quality of frozen Lactobacillus bulgaricus CFL1 starters produced on pilot scale. Microfiltered cells were less resistant during the concentration process than centrifuged\\u000a cells. In contrast, bacterial cryotolerance during freezing was improved after microfiltration, in a range of 28–88%, depending\\u000a on the microfiltration conditions.

  5. Influence of cooling temperature and duration on cold adaptation of Lactobacillus acidophilus RD758

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yu Wang; Jérôme Delettre; Alain Guillot; Georges Corrieu; Catherine Béal

    2005-01-01

    The effect of different cooling temperatures and durations on resistance to freezing and to frozen storage at ?20°C in Lactobacillus acidophilus RD758 was studied, by using a central composite rotatable design. A cold adaptation was observed when the cells were maintained at moderate temperature (26°C) for a long time (8h) before being cooled to the final temperature of 15°C. These

  6. Fermentation pH and Temperature Influence the Cryotolerance of Lactobacillus acidophilus RD758

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Y. Wang; G. Corrieu; C. Béal

    2005-01-01

    The effects of 3 fermentation temperatures (30, 37, and 42°C) and 3 fermentation pH (4.5, 5, and 6) on the cryotolerance of Lactobacillus acidophilus RD758 were studied in relation to their fatty acid composition. Cryo- tolerance was defined as the ability of the cells to re- cover their acidification activity after freezing and fro- zenstorageat ?20°C.Bettercryotolerancewasobtained in cells grown at

  7. Dynamic analysis of Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus CFL1 physiological characteristics during fermentation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Aline Rault; Marielle Bouix; Catherine Béal

    2008-01-01

    This study aimed at examining and comparing the relevance of various methods in order to discriminate different cellular states\\u000a of Lactobacillus bulgaricus CFL1 and to improve knowledge on the dynamics of the cellular physiological state during growth and acidification. By using\\u000a four fluorescent probes combined with multiparametric flow cytometry, membrane integrity, intracellular esterase activity,\\u000a cellular vitality, membrane depolarization, and intracellular

  8. Lactobacillus acidophilus as a live vehicle for oral immunization against chicken anemia virus

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hassan Moeini; Raha Abdul Rahim; Abdul Rahman Omar; Norazizah Shafee; Khatijah Yusoff

    2011-01-01

    The AcmA binding domains of Lactococcus lactis were used to display the VP1 protein of chicken anemia virus (CAV) on Lactobacillus acidophilus. One and two repeats of the cell wall binding domain of acmA gene were amplified from L. lactis MG1363 genome and then inserted into co-expression vector, pBudCE4.1. The VP1 gene of CAV was then fused to the acmA

  9. The prophages of Lactobacillus johnsonii NCC 533: comparative genomics and transcription analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marco Ventura; Carlos Canchaya; R. David Pridmore; Harald Brüssow

    2004-01-01

    Two non-inducible, but apparently complete prophages were identified in the genome of the sequenced Lactobacillus johnsonii strain NCC 533. The 38- and 40-kb-long prophages Lj928 and Lj965 represent distinct lineages of Sfi11-like pac-site Siphoviridae unrelated at the DNA sequence level. The deduced structural proteins from Lj928 demonstrated aa sequence identity with Lactococcus lactis phage TP901-1, while Lj965 shared sequence links

  10. Functional Identification of a Putative ?-Galactosidase Gene in the Special lac Gene Cluster of Lactobacillus   acidophilus

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Qu Pan; Junmin Zhu; Lina Liu; Yanguang Cong; Fuquan Hu; Jinchuan Li; Xiaoping Yu

    2010-01-01

    The putative ?-galactosidase gene (lacZ) of Lactobacillus acidophilus has a very low degree of homology to the Escherichia coli ?-galactosidase gene (lacZ) and locates in a special lac gene cluster which contains two ?-galactosidase genes. No functional characteristic of the putative ?-galactosidase has been\\u000a described so far. In this study, the lacZ gene of L. acidophilus was hetero-expressed in E. coli and the recombinant

  11. Comparison of Fructose1,6Bisphosphatase Gene ( fbp ) Sequences for the Identification of Lactobacillus rhamnosus

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Denis Roy; Pierre Ward

    2004-01-01

    Comparative analysis of fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase gene ( fbp) sequences was evaluated for the differentiation of reference and clinical strains of Lactobacillus rhamnosus. The sequences of 1,971 nucleotides of the fbp gene were determined on both DNA strands for 21 L. rhamnosus strains, representing reference, probiotic, and clinical strains. No PCR amplification of the fbp gene was observed for other species of

  12. Progress in table olive debittering: Degradation in vitro of oleuropein and its derivatives by Lactobacillus plantarum

    Microsoft Academic Search

    V. Marsilio; B. Lanza; N. Pozzi

    1996-01-01

    Oleuropein, a bitter-tasting secoiridoid glycoside present in olive leaves and fruit (Olea europaea L.), is hydrolyzed by oleuropeinolyticLactobacillus plantarum strains. The work reports the results of a gas-chromatographic study of the oleuropein derivatives released by incubation\\u000a withL. plantarum B21, isolated from table olive brines, and byL. plantarum ATCC 8014. Process kinetics indicate that the bacterial strains initially hydrolyze the oleuropein

  13. Effect of oleuropein and sodium chloride on viability and metabolism of Lactobacillus plantarum

    Microsoft Academic Search

    N. Rozés; C. Peres

    1996-01-01

    The effect of the addition of oleuropein (OLP) and NaCl on the growth and the DL-lactic acid production of Lactobacillus plantarum DSM 10492 has been investigated by using an unconventional medium. The growth of L. plantarum was not inhibited by the addition of increasing amounts of untreated OLP in the presence or absence of glucose. However,\\u000a bacterial cells grew in

  14. Time to turbidity measurement as a tool for modeling spoilage by Lactobacillus

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. G. A. M. Cuppers; J. P. P. M. Smelt

    1993-01-01

    Summary A method has been proposed to obtain growth rate estimates from simple time-to-visible-growth measurements by means of inoculum variation. In case the data are censored an algorithm using a maximum likelihood estimation method is given. Growth rates forLactobacillus plantarum obtained by this method have been used to develop a model for the prediction of the growth rate as a

  15. Rapid and Simple Method for the Encapsulation of Lactobacillus reuteri in the Production of Lactic Acid

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Salam A. Ibrahim; Somphavanh Phetsomphou; Chyer Kim; Abolghasem Shahbazi; Chung W. Seo; Amer AbuGhazaleh; Moussa M. E. Salem

    \\u000a Lactic acid (LA) is the most widely used multifunctional organic acid and approximately 50% of it is produced by biotechnological\\u000a process. Immobilizing microbial cells not only improves cell retention but also protects cells from harsh environmental conditions\\u000a during LA production. The objectives of this research were therefore to develop a simple method to encapsulate (immobilize)\\u000a Lactobacillus reuteri for the continuous

  16. Lactic acid production from cellulosic waste by immobilized cells of Lactobacillus delbrueckii

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Xueliang Shen; Liming Xia

    2006-01-01

    Industrial waste corn cob residue (from xylose manufacturing) without pretreatment was hydrolyzed by cellulase and cellobiase. The cellulosic hydrolysate contained 52.4 g l?1 of glucose and was used as carbon source for lactic acid fermentation by cells of Lactobacillus delbrueckii ZU-S2 immobilized in calcium alginate gel beads. The final concentration of lactic acid and the yield of lactic acid from glucose were

  17. Surface layer variations affecting phage adsorption on seven Lactobacillus helveticus strains

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. VENTURA; M. L. CALLEGARI; L. MORELLI

    1999-01-01

    In a previous work it was demonstrated that Lactobacillus helveticus CNRZ 892 strain is covered by a protein of the S-layer type. The gene encoding for this protein was isolated and sequenced and it was shown that the central region of S-layer protein of this strain plays a role of receptor for the virulent phage CNRZ 832-B1. Here we present

  18. Construction of an integrative food-grade cloning vector for Lactobacillus acidophilus

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M.-Y. Lin; S. Harlander; D. Savaiano

    1996-01-01

    An integrative cloning vector was constructed using a randomly cloned HindIII-digested chromosomal fragment from Lactobacillus acidophilus ADH inserted into an Escherichia coli vector, pBluescript II SK+. Southern hybridization studies demonstrated homology of the inserted fragment with one other L. acidophilus strain and one Bifidobacterium strain. Identification of a SauI site located near the middle of the 1.9-kb ADH chromosomal fragment

  19. Use of Lactobacillus plantarum fermentation products in bread-making to prevent Bacillus subtilis ropy spoilage

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Francesca Valerio; Palmira De Bellis; Stella L. Lonigro; Angelo Visconti; Paola Lavermicocca

    2008-01-01

    Four fermentation products (FPs) of the lactic acid bacterium Lactobacillus plantarum ITM21B were screened for their anti-Bacillus activity in vitro and in bread-making trials. Results of the storage tests performed with loaves prepared with an FP or calcium propionate demonstrated that after 3 days at 30 °C, gross spoilage was evident in only the control loaves, which contained Bacillus subtilis at numbers

  20. Effects of complete cell recycling on product formation by Lactobacillus casei ssp. rhamnosus in continuous cultures

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sigridur Hjörleifsdottir; Sulojana Seevaratnam; Olle Holst; Bo Mattiasson

    1990-01-01

    The lactic acid bacteriumLactobacillus casei ssprhamnosus was cultivated in a system with complete cell recycling in order to obtain information on how this cultivation technique affected the microorganisms. Cultivations at two different glucose concentrations (25 g\\/L and 50 g\\/L) were performed. Hollow fiber filters were used for separating the cells from the spent broth. The cell recycling was carried out

  1. Biosynthesis of Lipoteichoic Acid in Lactobacillus rhamnosus: Role of DltD in D-Alanylation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    DMITRI V. DEBABOV; MICHAEL Y. KIRIUKHIN; FRANCIS C. NEUHAUS

    2000-01-01

    The dlt operon (dltA to dltD )o fLactobacillus rhamnosus 7469 encodes four proteins responsible for the esterification of lipoteichoic acid (LTA) by D-alanine. These esters play an important role in controlling the net anionic charge of the poly (GroP) moiety of LTA. dltA and dltC encode the D-alanine-D-alanyl carrier protein ligase (Dcl) and D-alanyl carrier protein (Dcp), respectively. Whereas the

  2. Cellular injuries and storage stability of spray-dried Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. Ananta; M. Volkert; D. Knorr

    2005-01-01

    The objective of this work was to evaluate the applicability of spray drying in the production of skim milk-based preparations containing probiotic bacteria Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (ATCC 53103). Furthermore, oligofructose-based or polydextrose-based prebiotic substances were also included in the carrier matrix to assess their protection capacity. When reconstituted, skim milk was used as a spray drying carrier; a microbial survival

  3. Suppression of T-cell activation by Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG-degraded bovine casein

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tanja Pessi; Erika Isolauri; Yelda Sütas; Hannu Kankaanranta; Eeva Moilanen; Mikko Hurme

    2001-01-01

    Earlier data indicate that Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG ATCC 53103 (L. GG), a commensal intestinal bacterial strain, promotes the degradation of proteins in the gut in vivo, and bovine casein hydrolysed with L. GG-derived proteases suppresses lymphocyte proliferation in vitro. The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of L. GG-degraded bovine casein on T-cell activation, i.e. IL-2 mRNA expression and

  4. Binding of aflatoxin B1 to cell wall components of Lactobacillus rhamnosus strain GG

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. J. Lahtinen; C. A. Haskard; A. C. Ouwehand; S. J. Salminen; J. T. Ahokas

    2004-01-01

    The surface of Lactobacillus rhamnosus strain GG (LGG) has previously been shown to bind aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) effectively, it being a food-borne carcinogen produced by certain species of Aspergillus fungi. To establish which components of the cell envelope are involved in the AFB1 binding process, exopolysaccharides and a cell wall isolate containing peptidoglycan were extracted from LGG and its AFB1

  5. Comparative genomic analysis of Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG reveals pili containing a human- mucus binding protein

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Kankainen; L. Paulin; S. Tynkkynen; I. von Ossowski; J. Reunanen; P. Partanen; R. Satokari; S. Vesterlund; A. P. A. Hendrickx; S. Lebeer; S. C. J. de Keersmaecker; J. Vanderleyden; T. Hamalainen; S. Laukkanen; N. Salovuori; J. Ritari; E. Alatalo; R. Korpela; T. Mattila-Sandholm; A. Lassig; K. Hatakka; K. T. Kinnunen; H. Karjalainen; M. Saxelin; K. Laakso; A. Surakka; A. Palva; T. Salusjarvi; P. Auvinen; W. M. de Vos

    2009-01-01

    To unravel the biological function of the widely used probiotic bacterium Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG, we compared its 3.0-Mbp genome sequence with the similarly sized genome of L. rhamnosus LC705, an adjunct starter culture exhibiting reduced binding to mucus. Both genomes demonstrated high sequence identity and synteny. However, for both strains, genomic islands, 5 in GG and 4 in LC705, punctuated

  6. Bile salt and acid tolerance of Lactobacillus rhamnosus strains isolated from Parmigiano Reggiano cheese

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Succi; P. Tremonte; A. Reale; E. Sorrentino; L. Grazia; S. Pacifico; R. Coppola

    2005-01-01

    This study aimed to compare phenotypic and genetic characteristics of Lactobacillus rhamnosus strains isolated at the end of the ripening of Parmigiano Reggiano cheese and to investigate an important prerequisite of probiotic interest, such as the capability to survive at low pH and in presence of bile salts. The use of API 50 CH, RAPD-PCR analysis and species-specific PCR allowed

  7. Growth phase and growth medium effects on the peptidase activities of Lactobacillus helveticus

    Microsoft Academic Search

    O. Kenny; R. J. FitzGerald; G. O’Cuinn; T. Beresford; K. Jordan

    2003-01-01

    The effect of growth phase, growth medium and storage conditions on the peptidase activities of Lactobacillus helveticus DPC 4571 were examined. Cell free extracts (CFEs) were prepared from both mid-log and stationary phase cells grown in either 10% (w\\/v) reconstituted skim milk (RSM) or MRS pH 5.4 broth. In general, Lb. helveticus DPC 4571 was found to possess a broad

  8. Factors affecting the sequestration of aflatoxin by Lactobacillus rhamnosus strain GG

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Carolyn Haskard; Charlotte Binnion; Jorma Ahokas

    2000-01-01

    The interaction of a potent carcinogen, aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), with a probiotic strain of lactic acid bacteria, Lactobacillus rhamnosus strain GG (GG), has been investigated. The binding of AFB1 to GG in the late exponential–early stationary phase was studied for viable, heat-killed and acid-killed bacteria. In general, viable, heat-killed and acid-killed GG responded in a similar manner. The effects of

  9. A placebo-controlled trial of Lactobacillus GG to prevent diarrhea in undernourished Peruvian children

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard A. Oberhelman; Robert H. Gilman; Patricia Sheen; David N. Taylor; Robert E. Black; Lilia Cabrera; Andrés G. Lescano; Rina Meza; Guillermo Madico

    1999-01-01

    Objective:Lactobacillus GG (L-GG), an acid- and bile-resistant strain that colonizes the intestinal mucosa, has been used to manage diarrhea in children. Our objective was to evaluate the prophylactic use of L-GG to prevent diarrhea in children at high risk from a developing country in a randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Study design: Two hundred four undernourished children 6 to 24 months old

  10. Assessment of high pressure induced damage on Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG by flow cytometry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E Ananta; V Heinz; D Knorr

    2004-01-01

    To assess the mode of action of high-pressure treatment on Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) a flow cytometric analysis was applied. This fluorescence-based approach could give additional insights on process-induced changes of cellular events, which were not explicitly assessable by culture techniques, such as cellular inactivation sites, specific metabolic activities, etc. To achieve this goal, combined staining with carboxyfluorescein diacetate (cFDA)

  11. Lactobacillus psittaci sp. nov., isolated from a hyacinth macaw (Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paul A. Lawson; Carmen Wacher; Ingrid Hansson; Enevold Falsen; Matthew D. Collins

    A Gram-positive, non-spore-forming, catalase-negative, facultatively anaerobic coccibacillus to rod-shaped bacterium isolated from a parrot was characterized using phenotypic and molecular taxonomic methods. The unknown bacterium phenotypically resembled lactobacilli and comparative 16S rRNA gene sequencing demonstrated that the organism represents a distinct subline within the Lactobacillus delbrueckii rRNA cluster of the genus. 16S rRNA sequence divergence values ofS 6% with recognized

  12. Evaluation of immunomodulation by Lactobacillus casei Shirota: Immune function, autoimmunity and gene expression

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kirsten A. Baken; Janine Ezendam; Eric R. Gremmer; Arja de Klerk; Jeroen L. A. Pennings; Bianca Matthee; Ad A. C. M. Peijnenburg; Henk van Loveren

    2006-01-01

    Lactic acid bacteria are claimed to have immunomodulating effects. Stimulation as well as suppression of T helper (Th)1 mediated immune responses, have been described for various strains. Experiments involving Lactobacillus casei Shirota (LcS) detected mainly enhancement of innate immune responses and promotion of Th1 mediated immune reactivity. To confirm and further investigate modulation of Th1 responses and development of autoimmune

  13. An Inserted ?\\/? Subdomain Shapes the Catalytic Pocket of Lactobacillus johnsonii Cinnamoyl Esterase

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kin-Kwan Lai; Peter J. Stogios; Clara Vu; Xiaohui Xu; Hong Cui; Sara Molloy; Alexei Savchenko; Alexander Yakunin; Claudio F. Gonzalez

    2011-01-01

    BackgroundMicrobial enzymes produced in the gastrointestinal tract are primarily responsible for the release and biochemical transformation of absorbable bioactive monophenols. In the present work we described the crystal structure of LJ0536, a serine cinnamoyl esterase produced by the probiotic bacterium Lactobacillus johnsonii N6.2.Methodology\\/Principal FindingsWe crystallized LJ0536 in the apo form and in three substrate-bound complexes. The structure showed a canonical

  14. Production and Characterization of Antifungal Compounds Produced by Lactobacillus plantarum IMAU10014

    Microsoft Academic Search

    HaiKuan Wang; YanHua Yan; JiaMing Wang; HePing Zhang; Wei Qi

    2012-01-01

    Lactobacillus plantarum IMAU10014 was isolated from koumiss that produces a broad spectrum of antifungal compounds, all of which were active against plant pathogenic fungi in an agar plate assay. Two major antifungal compounds were extracted from the cell-free supernatant broth of L. plantarum IMAU10014. 3-phenyllactic acid and Benzeneacetic acid, 2-propenyl ester were carried out by HPLC, LC-MS, GC-MS, NMR analysis.

  15. Lactobacillus fermentum 3872 genome sequencing reveals plasmid and chromosomal genes potentially involved in a probiotic activity.

    PubMed

    Lehri, B; Seddon, A M; Karlyshev, A V

    2015-06-01

    In this report we describe a Lactobacillus fermentum 3872 plasmid (pLF3872) not previously found in any other strain of this species. The analysis of the complete sequence of this plasmid revealed the presence of a gene encoding a large collagen-binding protein (CBP), as well as the genes responsible for plasmid maintenance and conjugation. Potential roles of CBP and a chromosomally encoded fibronectin-binding protein (FbpA) in probiotic activity are discussed. PMID:25908870

  16. Inhibitory effect of oral administration of Lactobacillus casei on 3-methylcholanthrene-induced carcinogenesis in mice

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Akimitsu Takagi; Takeshi Matsuzaki; Mikiko Sato; Koji Nomoto; Masami Morotomi; Teruo Yokokura

    1999-01-01

    The present study was designed to determine whether tumor induction by 3-methylcholanthrene (MC), a carcinogenic hydrocarbon,\\u000a can be inhibited by oral administration of Lactobacillus casei strain Shirota (LC). C3H\\/HeN mice were divided into four groups and assigned to the following treatments: treated with MC\\u000a and given control or LC-containing diet; treated with vehicle only and given control or LC-containing diet.

  17. Utilization of the leucocin A export system in Leuconostoc gelidum for production of a Lactobacillus bacteriocin

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. E. Allison; C. Ahn; M. E. Stiles; T. R. Klaenhammer

    1995-01-01

    The lactacin F complex, composed of LafA and LafX peptides, is produced by Lactobacillus johnsonii VPI 11088 (ATCC 11506) and is active against various lactobacilli and Enterococcus faecalis. The genetic determinants encoding the lactacin F peptides, LafA and LafX, are organized in a chromosomal operon comprised of genes lafA, lafX, and ORFZ. The lactacin F operon was introduced into Leuconostoc

  18. Purification and characterization of curvaticin L442, a bacteriocin produced by Lactobacillus curvatus L442

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nia Xiraphi; Marina Georgalaki; Gonzalez Van Driessche; Bart Devreese; Jozef Van Beeumen; Effie Tsakalidou; John Metaxopoulos; Eleftherios H. Drosinos

    2006-01-01

    Lactobacillus curvatus L442, isolated from Greek traditional fermented sausage prepared without the addition of starters, produces a bacteriocin,\\u000a curvaticin L442, which is active against the pathogen Listeria monocytogenes. The bacteriocin was purified by 50% ammonium sulphate precipitation, cation exchange, reverse phase and gel filtration chromatography.\\u000a Partial N-terminal sequence analysis using Edman degradation revealed 30 amino acid residues, revealing high homology

  19. Cloning and nucleotide sequence of the Lactobacillus casei lactate dehydrogenase gene.

    PubMed Central

    Kim, S F; Baek, S J; Pack, M Y

    1991-01-01

    An allosteric L-(+)-lactate dehydrogenase gene of Lactobacillus casei ATCC 393 was cloned in Escherichia coli, and the nucleotide sequence of the gene was determined. The gene was composed of an open reading frame of 981 bp, starting with a GTG codon and ending with a TAA codon. The sequences for the promoter and ribosome binding site were identified, and a sequence for a structure resembling a rho-independent transcription terminator was also found. Images PMID:1768113

  20. Optimization of bacteriocin production by Lactobacillus sp. MSU3IR against shrimp bacterial pathogens

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Aquaculture is one amongst the growing and major food producing sectors. Shrimp culture is one of the subsectors of aquaculture that attracts more attention because of the economic interest. However, the shrimp culture systems have been facing severe consequences and economical losses due to disease outbreaks. Risk of disease outbreak can be combated with the application of probiotics. For economically viable production of such probiotic products, the present study provides information on the optimization and partial purification of bacteriocin produced by a goat milk isolate Lactobacillus sp. MSU3IR against the shrimp bacterial pathogens. Results Bacteriocin production was estimated as a measure of bactericidal activity (arbitrary Unit/ml) over the test strains. The optimum culture conditions and media components for maximum bacteriocin production by Lactobacillus sp. MSU3IR were: pH: 5.0, temperature: 30°C, carbon source: lactose; nitrogen source: ammonium acetate; NaCl: 3.0% and surfactant: Tween 80. MRS medium was found to extend better bacteriocin production than other tested media. Upon partial purification of bacteriocin, the SDS-PAGE analysis had manifested the presence of two peptide bands with the molecular weight of 39.26 and 6.38 kDa, respectively. Conclusion The present results provide baseline trend for the statistical optimization, scale up process and efficient production of bacteriocin by the candidate bacterial strain Lactobacillus sp. MSU3IR which could be used to replace the usage of conventional chemotherapeutics in shrimp culture systems. PMID:23725298

  1. Probiotic abilities of riboflavin-overproducing Lactobacillus strains: a novel promising application of probiotics.

    PubMed

    Arena, Mattia P; Russo, Pasquale; Capozzi, Vittorio; López, Paloma; Fiocco, Daniela; Spano, Giuseppe

    2014-09-01

    The probiotic potential of Lactobacillus plantarum and Lactobacillus fermentum strains, capable of overproducing riboflavin, was investigated. The riboflavin production was quantified in co-cultures of lactobacilli and human intestinal epithelial cells, and the riboflavin overproduction ability was confirmed. When milk and yogurt were used as carrier matrices, L. plantarum and L. fermentum strains displayed a significant ability to survive through simulated gastrointestinal transit. Adhesion was studied on both biotic and abiotic surfaces. Both strains adhered strongly on Caco-2 cells, negatively influenced the adhesion of Escherichia coli O157:H7, and strongly inhibited the growth of three reference pathogenic microbial strains. Resistance to major antibiotics and potential hemolytic activity were assayed. Overall, this study reveals that these Lactobacillus stains are endowed with promising probiotic properties and thus are candidates for the development of novel functional food which would be both enriched in riboflavin and induce additional health benefits, including a potential in situ riboflavin production, once the microorganisms colonize the host intestine. PMID:24903812

  2. Lactobacillus buchneri Genotyping on the Basis of Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeat (CRISPR) Locus Diversity

    PubMed Central

    Briner, Alexandra E.

    2014-01-01

    Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) in combination with associated sequences (cas) constitute the CRISPR-Cas immune system, which uptakes DNA from invasive genetic elements as novel “spacers” that provide a genetic record of immunization events. We investigated the potential of CRISPR-based genotyping of Lactobacillus buchneri, a species relevant for commercial silage, bioethanol, and vegetable fermentations. Upon investigating the occurrence and diversity of CRISPR-Cas systems in Lactobacillus buchneri genomes, we observed a ubiquitous occurrence of CRISPR arrays containing a 36-nucleotide (nt) type II-A CRISPR locus adjacent to four cas genes, including the universal cas1 and cas2 genes and the type II signature gene cas9. Comparative analysis of CRISPR spacer content in 26 L. buchneri pickle fermentation isolates associated with spoilage revealed 10 unique locus genotypes that contained between 9 and 29 variable spacers. We observed a set of conserved spacers at the ancestral end, reflecting a common origin, as well as leader-end polymorphisms, reflecting recent divergence. Some of these spacers showed perfect identity with phage sequences, and many spacers showed homology to Lactobacillus plasmid sequences. Following a comparative analysis of sequences immediately flanking protospacers that matched CRISPR spacers, we identified a novel putative protospacer-adjacent motif (PAM), 5?-AAAA-3?. Overall, these findings suggest that type II-A CRISPR-Cas systems are valuable for genotyping of L. buchneri. PMID:24271175

  3. Purification and characterization of anti-Alicyclobacillus bacteriocin produced by Lactobacillus rhamnosus.

    PubMed

    Yue, Tianli; Pei, Jinjin; Yuan, Yahong

    2013-09-01

    Lactobacillus rhamnosus CICC 20975 produces a 6,502-Da bacteriocin, named bacteriocin RC 20975, active against Alicyclobacillus acidoterrestris, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus brevis, Bacillus subtilis, and Listeria innocua. This bacteriocin is not quite heat stable but is effective after refrigerated storage and freeze-thaw cycles. Bacteriocin RC 20975 was added at a concentration of 256 AU/ml to the endospores of A. acidoterrestris DSM 3922; no viable cells were detected after 24 h. The primary mode of action of bacteriocin RC 20975 seems to be the formation of pores, as indicated by K? efflux from metabolically active cells of A. acidoterrestris. However, efflux of larger cytoplasmic content was not observed within the first 30 min after bacteriocin RC 20975 treatment. In addition, adsorption of bacteriocin RC 20975 to target cells at different temperatures and pH levels and in the presence of surfactants was studied. Finally, the effect that different media, media components, and addition of vitamins to the media had on bacteriocin RC 20975 production was also studied. PMID:23992502

  4. Membrane Permeabilization in Relation to Inactivation Kinetics of Lactobacillus Species due to Pulsed Electric Fields

    PubMed Central

    Wouters, Patrick C.; Bos, Ad P.; Ueckert, Joerg

    2001-01-01

    Membrane permeabilization due to pulsed electric field (PEF) treatment of gram-positive Lactobacillus cells was investigated by using propidium iodide uptake and single-cell analysis with flow cytometry. Electric field strength, energy input, treatment time, and growth phase affected membrane permeabilization of Lactobacillus plantarum during PEF treatment. A correlation between PEF inactivation and membrane permeabilization of L. plantarum cells was demonstrated, whereas no relationship was observed between membrane permeabilization and heat inactivation. The same results were obtained with a Lactobacillus fermentum strain, but the latter organism was more PEF resistant and exhibited less membrane permeabilization, indicating that various bacteria have different responses to PEF treatment. While membrane permeabilization was the main factor involved in the mechanism of inactivation, the growth phase and the acidity of the environment also influenced inactivation. By using flow cytometry it was possible to sort cells in the L. plantarum population based on different cell sizes and shapes, and the results were confirmed by image analysis. An apparent effect of morphology on membrane permeabilization was observed, and larger cells were more easily permeabilized than smaller cells. In conclusion, our results indicate that the ability of PEF treatment to cause membrane permeabilization is an important factor in determining inactivation. This finding should have an effect on the final choice of the processing parameters used so that all microorganisms can be inactivated and, consequently, on the use of PEF treatment as an alternative method for preserving food products. PMID:11425727

  5. Brain and liver fatty acid composition changes upon consumption of Lactobacillus rhamnosus LA68.

    PubMed

    Ivanovic, Nevena; Minic, Rajna; Djuricic, Ivana; Dimitrijevic, Ljiljana; Sobajic, Sladjana; Zivkovic, Irena; Djordjevic, Brizita

    2015-02-01

    Recent reports suggest that the metabolic activity of the enteric microbiota may influence the fatty acid composition of the host tissue. There are many studies dealing with the influence of lactobacilli on various pathological conditions, and some of the effects are strain-specific. This study was designed to test the effects of a particular Lactobacillus strain, Lactobacillus rhamnosus LA68 on fatty acid composition of the liver and the brain of C57BL/6 mice in the absence of an underlying pathological condition. Female mice were supplemented with live L. rhamnosus LA68 bacteria for the duration of 1 month. Serum biochemistry was analyzed and liver and brain fatty acid composition was assessed by gas-liquid chromatography. Significant changes in liver and brain fatty acid composition were detected. In the liver tissue we detected an increase in palmitoleic acid (p?=?0.038), while in the brain compartment we found an increase in palmitic (p?=?0.042), stearic (p?=?0.017), arachidonic acid (p?=?0.009) and docosahexaenoic acid (p?=?0.004) for control versus experimental group. These results show discrete changes caused by LA68 strain consumption. Even short duration of administration of LA68 influences the fatty acid composition of the host which adds to the existing knowledge about Lactobacillus host interaction, and adds to the growing knowledge of metabolic intervention possibilities. PMID:25431181

  6. Isolation, characterization, and evaluation of wild isolates of Lactobacillus reuteri from pig feces.

    PubMed

    Lee, Deog Yong; Seo, Yeon-Soo; Rayamajhi, Nabin; Kang, Mi Lan; Lee, Su In; Yoo, Han Sang

    2009-12-01

    Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are a well-used probiotics for health improvements in both humans and animals. Despite of several benefits, non-host-specific LAB showed poor probiotics effects due to difficulty in colonization and competition with normal flora. Therefore, the feasibility of porcine LAB isolates was evaluated as a probiotics. Ten of 49 Lactobacillus spp. isolates harbored 2 approximately 10 kb plasmid DNA. Seven strains were selected based on the safety test, such as hemolytic activity, ammonia, indole, and phenylalanine production. After safety test, five strains were selected again by several tests, such as epithelial adherence, antimicrobial activity, tolerance against acid, bile, heat, and cold-drying, and production of acid and hydrogen peroxide. Then, enzyme profiles (ZYM test) and antibiotics resistance were analyzed for further characterization. Five Lactobacillus reuteri isolates from pig feces were selected by safety and functional tests. The plasmid DNA which was able to develop vector system was detected in the isolates. Together with these approaches, pig-specific Lactobacillus spp. originated from pigs were selected. These strains may be useful tools to develop oral delivery system. PMID:20127457

  7. Obesity-associated gut microbiota is enriched in Lactobacillus reuteri and depleted in Bifidobacterium animalis and Methanobrevibacter smithii

    PubMed Central

    Million, M; Maraninchi, M; Henry, M; Armougom, F; Richet, H; Carrieri, P; Valero, R; Raccah, D; Vialettes, B; Raoult, D

    2012-01-01

    Background: Obesity is associated with increased health risk and has been associated with alterations in bacterial gut microbiota, with mainly a reduction in Bacteroidetes, but few data exist at the genus and species level. It has been reported that the Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium genus representatives may have a critical role in weight regulation as an anti-obesity effect in experimental models and humans, or as a growth-promoter effect in agriculture depending on the strains. Objectives and methods: To confirm reported gut alterations and test whether Lactobacillus or Bifidobacterium species found in the human gut are associated with obesity or lean status, we analyzed the stools of 68 obese and 47 controls targeting Firmicutes, Bacteroidetes, Methanobrevibacter smithii, Lactococcus lactis, Bifidobacterium animalis and seven species of Lactobacillus by quantitative PCR (qPCR) and culture on a Lactobacillus-selective medium. Findings: In qPCR, B. animalis (odds ratio (OR)=0.63; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.39–1.01; P=0.056) and M. smithii (OR=0.76; 95% CI 0.59–0.97; P=0.03) were associated with normal weight whereas Lactobacillus reuteri (OR=1.79; 95% CI 1.03–3.10; P=0.04) was associated with obesity. Conclusion: The gut microbiota associated with human obesity is depleted in M. smithii. Some Bifidobacterium or Lactobacillus species were associated with normal weight (B. animalis) while others (L. reuteri) were associated with obesity. Therefore, gut microbiota composition at the species level is related to body weight and obesity, which might be of relevance for further studies and the management of obesity. These results must be considered cautiously because it is the first study to date that links specific species of Lactobacillus with obesity in humans. PMID:21829158

  8. Practical identification of human originated Lactobacillus species by amplified ribosomal DNA restriction analysis (ARDRA) for probiotic use.

    PubMed

    Öztürk, Mehmet; Meterelliyöz, Merve

    2015-08-01

    Probiotics are gaining popularity and increasing the importance of their accurate speciation. Lactobacillus species are commonly used as probiotic strains mostly of clinical importance. Present knowledge indicates that at least 14 Lactobacillus species are associated with the human intestinal tract. Currently, researchers are interested in developing efficient techniques for screening and selecting probiotics bacteria, but unfortunately most of these methods are time-consuming, labor-intensive and costly. The aim of this study is to develop reliable, rapid and accurate method to identify 14 references Lactobacillus species that could have been found in the human alimentary tract by 16S ribosomal DNA restriction analysis. In this study, to develop an effective method for the genotype-based identification of the reference Lactobacillus species, 1.5 kb of 16S rRNA nucleotide sequences of 14 Lactobacillus were collected from the Gene Bank aligned, in silico restricted and analyzed in respect to their 16S-rRNA restriction fragment polymorphism. In silico restriction profiles of 16S-rRNA indicated that FspBI, HinfI and DraI restriction enzymes (RE) are convenient for differentiation of 14 Lactobacillus species in human intestinal tract except Lb. casei and Lb. paracasei. The patterns of our experimental findings obtained from 16S PCR-ARDRA completely confirmed our in silico patterns. The present work demonstrated that 16S PCR-ARDRA method with FspBI, HinfI and DraI RE is a rapid, accurate and reliable method for the identification of Lactobacillus species from human alimentary tract, especially during the identification of large numbers of isolates and any laboratory equipped with a thermo cycler for probiotic use. PMID:25860079

  9. Effects of Lactobacillus acidophilus dietary supplementation on the performance, intestinal barrier function, rectal microflora and serum immune function in weaned piglets challenged with Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide.

    PubMed

    Qiao, Jiayun; Li, Haihua; Wang, Zhixiang; Wang, Wenjie

    2015-04-01

    This study was conducted with a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-challenged piglet model to determine the effects of diets containing Lactobacillus acidophilus on the performance, intestinal barrier function, rectal microflora and serum immune function. A total of 150 piglets (initial body weight (BW) 7.53 ± 0.21 kg) were allotted to one of the following diets, including a basal diet, a basal diet supplemented with 250 mg/kg Flavomycin, or basal diet plus 0.05, 0.1 or 0.2 % L. acidophilus. On day 28 of the trial, the pigs were given an intraperitoneal injection of LPS (200 ?g/kg body weight) followed by blood collection 3 h later. Diets with either antibiotics, 0.1 or 0.2 % Lactobacillus increased (P < 0.05) the final BW and decreased (P < 0.05) feed gain ratio (F/G) compared with the control group. Pigs fed diets containing antibiotic or Lactobacillus had greater average daily gain (ADG) (P < 0.05) than pigs fed the control diet. The rectal content Lactobacillus counts for pigs fed diet containing Lactobacillus were significant higher (P < 0.01) than those fed antibiotic or control diet. Feeding the Lactobacillus diets decreased the Escherichia coli counts of rectal content (P < 0.01). Pigs fed diets containing 0.1 or 0.2 % Lactobacillus decreased serum DAO activity (P < 0.05) compared with pigs fed the control diet. Serum IL-10 concentration was enhanced in pigs fed the diet with Lactobacillus compared to pigs fed the control diet and antibiotic diet. Feeding a diet with Lactobacillus reduced (P < 0.05) IFN-? concentration compared to the control diet. Inclusion of Lactobacillus in diets fed to pigs reduced TNF-? concentration compared with pigs fed no Lactobacillus (P < 0.05). These results indicate that feeding with L. acidophilus improved growth performance and protected against LPS-induced inflammatory status. PMID:25577203

  10. Probiotic properties of Lactobacillus strains isolated from the feces of breast-fed infants and Taiwanese pickled cabbage.

    PubMed

    Wang, Chung-Yi; Lin, Pei-Rong; Ng, Chang-Chai; Shyu, Yuan-Tay

    2010-12-01

    This study assessed potential probiotic Lactobacillus strains isolated from the feces of breast-fed infants and from Taiwanese pickled cabbage for their possible use in probiotic fermented foods by evaluating their (i) in vitro adhesive ability, resistance to biotic stress, resistance to pathogenic bacteria, and production of ?-galactosidase; (ii) milk technological properties; and (iii) in vivo adhesive ability, intestinal survival and microbial changes during and after treatment. Five Lactobacillus isolates identified as Lactobacillus reuteri F03, Lactobacillus paracasei F08, Lactobacillus rhamnosus F14, Lactobacillus plantarum C06, and Lactobacillus acidophilus C11 that showed resistance to gastric juice and bile salts were selected for further evaluation of their probiotic properties. All the strains demonstrated the ability to adhere to Caco-2 cells, particularly, strain L. plantarum C06 and L. reuteri F03 showed satisfactory abilities, which were similar to that of the reference strain L. rhamnosus GG. The strains L. paracasei F08 and L. acidophilus C11 had the highest ?-galactosidase activity. Most of the strains were resistant to aminoglycosides and vancomycin but sensitive to ampicillin, erythromycin, and penicillin. All the 5 strains elicited antibacterial activity against both Gram-positive (Bacillus cereus, Listeria monocytogenes and Staphylococcus aureus) and -negative (Escherichia coli and Salmonella enterica) pathogens. Moreover, the strains L. reuteri F03, L. paracasei F08, and L. plantarum C06 could grow rapidly in milk without nutrient supplementation and reached 10? cfu/mL after 24 h of fermentation at 37 °C. The viable cell counts of the 3 strains remained above 10? cfu/mL after 21 d of storage at 4 °C. In the animal feeding trial, the number of intestinal lactobacilli increased significantly after administration of milk fermented with the 3 strains, and the counts of fecal coliforms and Clostridium perfringens were markedly reduced. Lactobacillus strains could also survive in the ileal intestinal tissue of the treated rats. Technologically interesting Lactobacillus isolates may be used in the future as probiotic starter cultures for manufacturing novel fermented foods. PMID:20951815

  11. Lipoteichoic Acids from Lactobacillus Strains Elicit Strong Tumor Necrosis Factor Alpha-Inducing Activities in Macrophages through Toll-Like Receptor 2

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tetsuya Matsuguchi; Akimitsu Takagi; Takeshi Matsuzaki; Masato Nagaoka; Kimika Ishikawa; Teruo Yokokura; Yasunobu Yoshikai

    2003-01-01

    Lactobacilli are nonpathogenic gram-positive inhabitants of microflora. At least some Lactobacillus strains have been postulated to have health beneficial effects, such as the stimulation of the immune system. Here we examined the stimulatory effects of lactobacilli on mouse immune cells. All six heat-killed Lactobacillus strains examined induced the secretion of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-) from mouse splenic mononuclear cells,

  12. Instruments for oral disease-intervention strategies: recombinant Lactobacillus casei expressing tetanus toxin fragment C for vaccination or myelin proteins for oral tolerance induction in multiple sclerosis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. B. M Maassen; J. D Laman; M. J Heijne den Bak-Glashouwer; F. J Tielen; J. C. P. A van Holten-Neelen; L Hoogteijling; C Antonissen; R. J Leer; P. H Pouwels; W. J. A Boersma; D. M Shaw

    1999-01-01

    Lactobacillus strains possess properties that make them attractive candidates as vehicles for oral administration of therapeutics. In this report we describe the construction and analysis of recombinant Lactobacillus casei applicable in oral vaccination against an infectious disease (tetanus) and in oral tolerance induction for intervention in an autoimmune disease, multiple sclerosis.Recombinant L. casei which express surface-anchored tetanus toxin fragment C

  13. Suppressive Effect on Activation of Macrophages by Lactobacillus casei Strain Shirota Genes Determining the Synthesis of Cell Wall-Associated Polysaccharides

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Emi Yasuda; Masaki Serata; Tomoyuki Sako

    2008-01-01

    Although many Lactobacillus strains used as probiotics are believed to modulate host immune responses, the molecular natures of the components of such probiotic microorganisms directly involved in immune modula- tion process are largely unknown. We aimed to assess the function of polysaccharide moiety of the cell wall of Lactobacillus casei strain Shirota as a possible immune modulator which regulates cytokine

  14. Inhibition of Salmonella typhimurium adhesion to Caco-2 cell cultures by Lactobacillus strain GG spent culture supernate: only a pH effect?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Elina M Lehto; Seppo J Salminen

    1997-01-01

    The effect of Lactobacillus GG and its spent culture supernate on the adhesion of Salmonella typhimurium to Caco-2 cells was investigated. Lactobacillus GG cells which had adhered to Caco-2 monolayers prior to the addition of S. typhimurium did not inhibit the adhesion. Adhesion of S. typhimurium was reduced in the presence of spent culture supernate from MRS broth cultures (spent

  15. How safe is safe?--a case of Lactobacillus paracasei ssp. paracasei endocarditis and discussion of the safety of lactic acid bacteria.

    PubMed

    Soleman, Nadia; Laferl, Hermann; Kneifel, Wolfgang; Tucek, Gerhard; Budschedl, Erich; Weber, Heinz; Pichler, Hannes; Mayer, Helmut K

    2003-01-01

    We report a case of endocarditis due to Lactobacillus paracasei ssp. paracasei, which could be distinguished from Lactobacillus strains used for the fermentation of dairy products by randomly amplified polymorphic DNA-polymerase chain reaction. The safety of biotechnical lactic acid bacteria use is also discussed. PMID:14606618

  16. Molecular Cloning and Functional Expression in Lactobacillus plantarum 80 of xylT, Encoding the d-Xylose–H+ Symporter of Lactobacillus brevis

    PubMed Central

    Chaillou, Stéphane; Bor, Yeou-Cherng; Batt, Carl A.; Postma, Pieter W.; Pouwels, Peter H.

    1998-01-01

    A 3-kb region, located downstream of the Lactobacillus brevis xylA gene (encoding d-xylose isomerase), was cloned in Escherichia coli TG1. The sequence revealed two open reading frames which could code for the d-xylulose kinase gene (xylB) and another gene (xylT) encoding a protein of 457 amino acids with significant similarity to the d-xylose–H+ symporters of E. coli, XylE (57%), and Bacillus megaterium, XylT (58%), to the d-xylose–Na+ symporter of Tetragenococcus halophila, XylE (57%), and to the l-arabinose–H+ symporter of E. coli, AraE (60%). The L. brevis xylABT genes showed an arrangement similar to that of the B. megaterium xylABT operon and the T. halophila xylABE operon. Southern hybridization performed with the Lactobacillus pentosus xylR gene (encoding the d-xylose repressor protein) as a probe revealed the existence of a xylR homologue in L. brevis which is not located with the xyABT locus. The existence of a functional XylR was further suggested by the presence of xylO sequences upstream of xylA and xylT and by the requirement of d-xylose for the induction of d-xylose isomerase, d-xylulose kinase, and d-xylose transport activities in L. brevis. When L. brevis was cultivated in a mixture of d-glucose and d-xylose, the d-xylose isomerase and d-xylulose kinase activities were reduced fourfold and the d-xylose transport activity was reduced by sixfold, suggesting catabolite repression by d-glucose of d-xylose assimilation. The xylT gene was functionally expressed in Lactobacillus plantarum 80, a strain which lacks proton motive force-linked d-xylose transport activity. The role of the XylT protein was confirmed by the accumulation of d-xylose in L. plantarum 80 cells, and this accumulation was dependent on the proton motive force generated by either malolactic fermentation or by the metabolism of d-glucose. The apparent affinity constant of XylT for d-xylose was approximately 215 ?M, and the maximal initial velocity of transport was 35 nmol/min per mg (dry weight). Furthermore, of a number of sugars tested, only 6-deoxy-d-glucose inhibited the transport of d-xylose by XylT competitively, with a Ki of 220 ?M. PMID:9835554

  17. Novel phage group infecting Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. lactis, as revealed by genomic and proteomic analysis of bacteriophage Ldl1.

    PubMed

    Casey, Eoghan; Mahony, Jennifer; Neve, Horst; Noben, Jean-Paul; Dal Bello, Fabio; van Sinderen, Douwe

    2015-02-01

    Ldl1 is a virulent phage infecting the dairy starter Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. lactis LdlS. Electron microscopy analysis revealed that this phage exhibits a large head and a long tail and bears little resemblance to other characterized phages infecting Lactobacillus delbrueckii. In vitro propagation of this phage revealed a latent period of 30 to 40 min and a burst size of 59.9 +/- 1.9 phage particles. Comparative genomic and proteomic analyses showed remarkable similarity between the genome of Ldl1 and that of Lactobacillus plantarum phage ATCC 8014-B2. The genomic and proteomic characteristics of Ldl1 demonstrate that this phage does not belong to any of the four previously recognized L. delbrueckii phage groups, necessitating the creation of a new group, called group e, thus adding to the knowledge on the diversity of phages targeting strains of this industrially important lactic acid bacterial species. PMID:25501478

  18. Effects of a fermented milk drink containing Lactobacillus casei strain Shirota on the human NK-cell activity.

    PubMed

    Takeda, Kazuyoshi; Okumura, Ko

    2007-03-01

    Nine healthy middle-aged and 10 elderly volunteers drank fermented milk containing 4 x 10(10) live cells of Lactobacillus casei strain Shirota daily for 3 wk, and their natural killer (NK) activity and other immunological functions were examined. In the experiments with middle-aged volunteers, NK activity significantly increased (P<0.01) 3 wk after the start of intake, elevated NK cell activity remained for the next 3 wk, and this effect was particularly prominent in the low-NK-activity individuals. In the experiments with elderly volunteers, NK activity significantly decreased (P<0.01) in the control group 3 wk after the start of intake; however, the intake of Lactobacillus casei strain Shirota maintained the NK activity. These results suggest that daily intake of Lactobacillus casei strain Shirota provides a positive effect on NK-cell activity. PMID:17311976

  19. Adhesion of Lactobacillus iners AB-1 to human fibronectin: a key mediator for persistence in the vagina?

    PubMed

    McMillan, Amy; Macklaim, Jean M; Burton, Jeremy P; Reid, Gregor

    2013-07-01

    Lactobacillus iners is prominent in the human vagina and is able to persist despite development of bacterial vaginosis and treatment with antibiotics. A probable factor in its persistent survival is its ability to be retained in the vaginal epithelia. Genome sequencing of the strain showed an organism deplete of many metabolic pathways, yet equipped with fibronectin (Fn)-binding adhesins. The objective of the present study was to assess the ability of L iners AB-1 to bind immobilized Fn. Results showed that the organism superiorly bound the protein compared to other species of Lactobacillus and known binders such as Staphylococcus aureus. Treatment of L iners cells by protease rendered its binding abilities to Fn nonfunctional. The findings indicate a mechanism of vaginal persistence for a Lactobacillus species, with implications for reproductive health. PMID:23202727

  20. Bifidogenic and antioxidant activity of exopolysaccharides produced by Lactobacillus rhamnosus E/N cultivated on different carbon sources.

    PubMed

    Polak-Berecka, Magdalena; Wa?ko, Adam; Szwajgier, Dominik; Chomaz, Adam

    2013-01-01

    Lactobacillus rhamnosus E/N is a probiotic bacterium, which synthesizes exopolysaccharides (EPS) with significant bifidogenic and antioxidant activities. The sugar composition of the EPSs produced depended on carbohydrates used as a carbon source in the growth media. Five Bifidobacterium strains were tested in vitro for their ability to utilize all the EPSs studied. The highest bifidogenic activity was revealed by EPSs obtained from Lactobacillus cultures supplemented with Gal, Lac, and Mal as the only carbon source, while significant antioxidant effects were observed in EPSs isolated from growth media enriched with galactose, lactose, and sucrose. PMID:24053021

  1. Effect of Administration of Milk Fermented with Lactobacillus acidophilus LA2 on Fecal Mutagenicity and Microflora in the Human Intestine

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Hosoda; H. Hashimoto; F. He; H. Morita; A. Hosonof

    1996-01-01

    ABSTRACT To demonstrate,the antimutagenic,effect of fer- mented milk in the human intestine, fecal mutagenic- ity and bacterial composition,of six healthy,subjects consuming,their regular diet were investigated before and during the administration,of milk fermented,with Lactobacillus acidophilus LA-2. The administration,of the fermented,milk,caused,a remarkable,decrease (71.9% on the average; range,of 19.4 to 90.6%) in fecal mutagenicity,compared,with that before the ad- ministration; Lactobacillus spp. and Bifidobacterium

  2. Homo d -lactic acid production from mixed sugars using xylose-assimilating operon-integrated Lactobacillus plantarum

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shogo Yoshida; Kenji Okano; Tsutomu Tanaka; Chiaki Ogino; Akihiko Kondo

    In order to achieve efficient d-lactic acid fermentation from a mixture of xylose and glucose, the xylose-assimilating xylAB operon from Lactobacillus pentosus (PXylAB) was introduced into an l-lactate dehydrogenase gene (ldhL1)-deficient Lactobacillus plantarum (?ldhL1-xpk1::tkt-?xpk2) strain in which the phosphoketolase 1 gene (xpk1) was replaced with the transketolase gene (tkt) from Lactococcus lactis, and the phosphoketolase 2 (xpk2) gene was deleted.

  3. Distinct Immunomodulation of Bone Marrow-Derived Dendritic Cell Responses to Lactobacillus plantarum WCFS1 by Two Different Polysaccharides Isolated from Lactobacillus rhamnosus LOCK 0900

    PubMed Central

    Jachymek, Wojciech; Srutkova, Dagmar; Brzozowska, Ewa; Kozakova, Hana; Gamian, Andrzej

    2014-01-01

    The structures of polysaccharides (PS) isolated from Lactobacillus rhamnosus LOCK 0900 and results from stimulation of mouse bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (BM-DC) and human embryonal kidney (HEK293) cells stably transfected with Toll-like receptors (TLR) upon exposure to these antigens were studied. L. rhamnosus LOCK 0900 produces PS that differ greatly in their structure. The polymer L900/2, with a high average molecular mass of 830 kDa, is a branched heteropolysaccharide with a unique repeating unit consisting of seven sugar residues and pyruvic acid, whereas L900/3 has a low average molecular mass of 18 kDa and contains a pentasaccharide repeating unit and phosphorus. Furthermore, we found that both described PS neither induce cytokine production and maturation of mouse BM-DC nor induce signaling through TLR2/TLR4 receptors. However, they differ profoundly in their abilities to modulate the BM-DC immune response to the well-characterized human isolate Lactobacillus plantarum WCFS1. Exposure to L900/2 enhanced interleukin-10 (IL-10) production induced by L. plantarum WCFS1, while in contrast, L900/3 enhanced the production of IL-12p70. We conclude that PS, probably due to their chemical features, are able to modulate the immune responses to third-party antigens. The ability to induce regulatory IL-10 by L900/2 opens up the possibility to use this PS in therapy of inflammatory conditions, such as inflammatory bowel disease, whereas L900/3 might be useful in reverting the antigen-dependent Th2-skewed immune responses in allergies. PMID:25107979

  4. Production of salami from beef, horse, mutton, Blesbok (Damaliscus dorcas phillipsi) and Springbok (Antidorcas marsupialis) with bacteriocinogenic strains of Lactobacillus plantarum and Lactobacillus curvatus.

    PubMed

    Todorov, S D; Koep, K S C; Van Reenen, C A; Hoffman, L C; Slinde, E; Dicks, L M T

    2007-11-01

    Lactobacillus plantarum 423, producer of bacteriocin 423, Lactobacillus curvatus DF38, producer of curvacin DF38, and a bacteriocin-negative mutant of L. plantarum 423 (423m) were evaluated as starter cultures in the production of salami from beef, horse, mutton, Blesbok (Damaliscus dorcas phillipsi) and Springbok (Antidorcas marsupialis). Growth of L. plantarum 423 and L. curvatus DF38 was best supported in Blesbok salami, as revealed by the highest growth rate during sweating, cold smoking and maturation, and final cell numbers after 70 days (1×10(8) and 5×10(7)cfu/g, respectively). Growth of Listeria innocua was the best suppressed in Blesbok salami fermented with L. plantarum 423 and L. curvatus DF38. Growth of L. innocua in horse salami was best suppressed when fermented with L. curvatus DF38. The final pH of salami fermented with L. plantarum 423 and L. plantarum 423m was slightly lower (4.4) compared to the pH of salami produced with L. curvatus DF38 (pH 4.7). No significant differences (P>0.05) were recorded by a trained sensory taste panel amongst the three starter cultures regarding colour and venison like aroma. Horse, Blesbok and Springbok salami were rated significantly higher (P?0.05) in salami flavour than mutton salami, which was rated the lowest for this attribute. Blesbok salami was rated the highest for sour meat aroma, while beef salami was rated the lowest. Springbok salami was rated the highest in terms of oily mouth feel. Beef salami had the most compact structure and horse salami the softest structure of all meat types fermented. In general, salami produced with L. plantarum 423 yielded the best sour meat aroma, colour, texture, venison like flavour, sour meat flavour and oily mouthfeel and is considered superior to the L. plantarum mutant (strain 423m) and L. curvatus DF38. PMID:22061794

  5. Acid stress suggests different determinants for polystyrene and HeLa cell adhesion in Lactobacillus casei.

    PubMed

    Haddaji, N; Khouadja, S; Fdhila, K; Krifi, B; Ben Ismail, M; Lagha, R; Bakir, K; Bakhrouf, A

    2015-07-01

    Adhesion has been regarded as one of the basic features of probiotics. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of acid stress on the functional properties, such as hydrophobicity, adhesion to HeLa cells, and composition of membrane fatty acids, of Lactobacillus probiotics strains. Two strains of Lactobacillus casei were used. Adhesion on polystyrene, hydrophobicity, epithelial cells adhesion, and fatty acids analysis were evaluated. Our results showed that the membrane properties such as hydrophobicity and fatty acid composition of stressed strains were significantly changed with different pH values. However, we found that acid stress caused a change in the proportions of unsaturated and saturated fatty acid. The ratio of saturated fatty acid to unsaturated fatty acids observed in acid-stressed Lactobacillus casei cells was significantly higher than the ration in control cells. In addition, we observed a significant decrease in the adhesion ability of these strains to HeLa cells and to a polystyrene surface at low pH. The present finding could first add new insight about the acid stress adaptation and, thus, enable new strategies to be developed aimed at improving the industrial performance of this species under acid stress. Second, no relationship was observed between changes in membrane composition and fluidity induced by acid treatment and adhesion to biotic and abiotic surfaces. In fact, the decrease of cell surface hydrophobicity and the adhesion ability to abiotic surface and the increase of the capacity of adhesion to biotic surface demonstrate that adhesive characteristics will have little relevance in probiotic strain-screening procedures. PMID:25981066

  6. Codominance of Lactobacillus plantarum and obligate heterofermentative lactic acid bacteria during sourdough fermentation.

    PubMed

    Ventimiglia, Giusi; Alfonzo, Antonio; Galluzzo, Paola; Corona, Onofrio; Francesca, Nicola; Caracappa, Santo; Moschetti, Giancarlo; Settanni, Luca

    2015-10-01

    Fifteen sourdoughs produced in western Sicily (southern Italy) were analysed by classical methods for their chemico-physical characteristics and the levels of lactic acid bacteria (LAB). pH and total titratable acidity (TTA) were mostly in the range commonly reported for similar products produced in Italy, but the fermentation quotient (FQ) of the majority of samples was above 4.0, due to the low concentration of acetic acid estimated by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Specific counts of LAB showed levels higher than 10(8) CFU g(-1) for many samples. The colonies representing various morphologies were isolated and, after the differentiation based on phenotypic characteristics, divided into 10 groups. The most numerous group was composed of facultative heterofermentative isolates, indicating a relevance of this bacterial group during fermentation. The genetic analysis by randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD)-PCR, 16S rRNA gene sequencing and species-specific PCRs identified 33 strains as Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus curvatus and Lactobacillus graminis. Due to the consistent presence of L. plantarum, it was concluded that this species codominates with obligate heterofermentative LAB in sourdough production in this geographical area. In order to evaluate the performances at the basis of their fitness, the 29 L. plantarum strains were investigated for several technological traits. Twelve cultures showed good acidifying abilities in vitro and L. plantarum PON100148 produced the highest concentrations of organic acids. Eleven strains were positive for extracellular protease activity. Bacteriocin-like inhibitory substances (BLIS) production and antifungal activity was scored positive for several strains, included L. plantarum PON100148 which was selected as starter for experimental sourdough production. The characteristics of the sourdoughs and the resulting breads indicated that the best productions were obtained in presence of L. plantarum PON100148. PMID:26187828

  7. Effect of recombinant lactobacillus expressing canine GM-CSF on immune function in dogs.

    PubMed

    Chung, Jin Young; Sung, Eui Jae; Cho, Chun Gyu; Seo, Kyoung Won; Lee, Jong-Soo; Bhang, Dong Ha; Lee, Hee Woo; Hwang, Cheol Yong; Lee, Wan Kyu; Youn, Hwa Young; Kim, Chul Joong

    2009-11-01

    Many Lactobacillus strains have been promoted as good probiotics for the prevention and treatment of diseases. We engineered recombinant Lactobacillus casei, producing biologically active canine granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor (cGM-CSF), and investigated its possibility as a good probiotic agent for dogs. Expression of the cGM-CSF protein in the recombinant Lactobacillus was confirmed by SDS-PAGE and Western blotting methods. For the in vivo study, 18 Beagle puppies of 7 weeks of age were divided into three groups; the control group was fed only on a regular diet and the two treatment groups were fed on a diet supplemented with either 1 x 10(9) colony forming units (CFU)/day of L. casei or L. casei expressing cGM-CSF protein for 7 weeks. Body weight was measured, and fecal and blood samples were collected from the dogs during the experiment for the measurement of hematology, fecal immunoglobulin (Ig)A and IgG, circulating IgA and IgG, and canine corona virus (CCV)-specific IgG. There were no differences in body weights among the groups, but monocyte counts in hematology and serum IgA were higher in the group receiving L. casei expressing cGMCSF than in the other two groups. After the administration of CCV vaccine, CCV-specific IgG in serum increased more in the group supplemented with L. casei expressing cGM-CSF than the other two groups. This study shows that a dietary L. casei expressing cGM-CSF enhances specific immune functions at both the mucosal and systemic levels in puppies. PMID:19996694

  8. Evaluation of the probiotic properties of new Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium strains and their in vitro effect.

    PubMed

    Presti, I; D'Orazio, G; Labra, M; La Ferla, B; Mezzasalma, V; Bizzaro, G; Giardina, S; Michelotti, A; Tursi, F; Vassallo, M; Di Gennaro, P

    2015-07-01

    Probiotic ingestion is recommended as a preventive approach to maintain the balance of the intestinal microbiota and to enhance the human well-being. During the whole life of each individual, the gut microbiota composition could be altered by lifestyle, diet, antibiotic therapies and other stress conditions, which may lead to acute and chronic disorders. Hence, probiotics can be administered for the prevention or treatment of some disorders, including lactose malabsorption, acute diarrhoea, irritable bowel syndrome, necrotizing enterocolitis and mild forms of inflammatory bowel disease. The probiotic-mediated effect is an important issue that needs to be addressed in relation to strain-specific probiotic properties. In this work, the probiotic properties of new Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium strains were screened, and their effects in vitro were evaluated. They were screened for probiotic properties by determining their tolerance to low pH and to bile salts, antibiotic sensitivity, antimicrobial activity and vitamin B8, B9 and B12 production, and by considering their ability to increase the antioxidant potential and to modulate the inflammatory status of systemic-miming cell lines in vitro. Three out of the examined strains presenting the most performant probiotic properties, as Lactobacillus plantarum PBS067, Lactobacillus rhamnosus PBS070 and Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis PBSO75, were evaluated for their effects also on human intestinal HT-29 cell line. The obtained results support the possibility to move to another level of study, that is, the oral administration of these probiotical strains to patients with acute and chronic gut disorders, by in vivo experiments. PMID:25744647

  9. Genomic diversity and versatility of Lactobacillus plantarum, a natural metabolic engineer

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    In the past decade it has become clear that the lactic acid bacterium Lactobacillus plantarum occupies a diverse range of environmental niches and has an enormous diversity in phenotypic properties, metabolic capacity and industrial applications. In this review, we describe how genome sequencing, comparative genome hybridization and comparative genomics has provided insight into the underlying genomic diversity and versatility of L. plantarum. One of the main features appears to be genomic life-style islands consisting of numerous functional gene cassettes, in particular for carbohydrates utilization, which can be acquired, shuffled, substituted or deleted in response to niche requirements. In this sense, L. plantarum can be considered a “natural metabolic engineer”. PMID:21995294

  10. Production of Lactobacillus kefir cells for asymmetric synthesis of a 3,5-dihydroxycarboxylate

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Holger Pfruender; Maya Amidjojo; Florian Hang; Dirk Weuster-Botz

    2005-01-01

    An efficient fedbatch process for the production of Lactobacillus kefir DSM 20587 cells was developed. An improvement in space time yield of 270% (3.7 gDCW l-1 day-1) and in final enzyme activity of 440% (9.1 U\\/ml) was achieved on a 150 l scale by controlling the oxygen transfer rate to 7–9 mmol l-1 h-1. The cells exhibited good and highly stereoselective reducing activities against tert-butyl 6-chloro-3,5-dioxohexanoate. tert-Butyl (3R,5S)-6-chloro-dihydroxyhexanoate,

  11. Characterization of bacteriocin ST8KF produced by a kefir isolate Lactobacillus plantarum ST8KF

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. E. Powell; R. C. Witthuhn; S. D. Todorov; L. M. T. Dicks

    2007-01-01

    Lactobacillus plantarum ST8KF, isolated from kefir, produced a 3.5kDa bacteriocin (bacST8KF) active against Lb. casei, Lb. salivarius, Lb. curvatus and Listeria innocua. BacST8KF was sensitive to proteolytic enzymes, but stable between pH 2.0 and 10.0, and heat resistant (20min at 121°C). BacST8KF did not adsorb to the surface of the producer cell. Maximum activity (25,600AUmL?1) was recorded in MRS broth

  12. Expression, purification, crystallization and preliminary X-ray studies of Lactobacillus jensenii enolase

    SciTech Connect

    Harris, Paul T.; Raghunathan, Kannan; Spurbeck, Rachel R.; Arvidson, Cindy G.; Arvidson, Dennis N. (MSU)

    2010-09-02

    Recombinant Lactobacillus jensenii enolase fused to a C-terminal noncleavable His tag was expressed in Escherichia coli, purified and crystallized by sitting-drop vapor diffusion. A complete data set was collected to 3.25 {angstrom} resolution. The crystals belonged to space group I4, with unit-cell parameters a = b = 145.31, c = 99.79 {angstrom}. There were two protein subunits in the asymmetric unit, which gave a Matthews coefficient V{sub M} of 2.8 {angstrom}{sup 3} Da{sup -1}, corresponding to 55.2% solvent content.

  13. Radioprotection of mice by a single subcutaneous injection of heat-killed Lactobacillus casei after irradiation

    SciTech Connect

    Nomoto, K.; Yokokura, T.; Tsuneoka, K.; Shikita, M. (Yakult Central Institute for Microbiological Research, Tokyo (Japan))

    1991-03-01

    Treatment of whole-body gamma-irradiated mice with a preparation of Lactobacillus casei (LC 9018) immediately after irradiation caused a sustained increase in serum colony-stimulating activity which was followed by an enhanced repopulation of granulocyte-macrophage colony-forming cells in the femoral marrow and spleen. Numbers of blood leukocytes, erythrocytes, and platelets were increased earlier in the treated mice than in the controls, and the survival rate was elevated significantly. The radioprotective effect was dependent on the dose of LC 9018 as well as on the dose of radiation. These results demonstrate the value of LC 9018 for the treatment of myelosuppression after radiotherapy or radiation accidents.

  14. Cloning and Characterization of a Prolinase Gene (pepR) from Lactobacillus rhamnosus

    Microsoft Academic Search

    PEKKA VARMANEN; TERHI RANTANEN; AIRI PALVA; SOILE TYNKKYNEN

    1998-01-01

    A peptidase gene expressing L-proline-b-naphthylamide-hydrolyzing activity was cloned from a gene library of Lactobacillus rhamnosus 1\\/6 isolated from cheese. Peptidase-expressing activity was localized in a 1.5-kb SacI fragment. A sequence analysis of the SacI fragment revealed the presence of one complete open reading frame (ORF1) that was 903 nucleotides long. The ORF1-encoded 34.2-kDa protein exhibited 68% identity with the PepR

  15. Immune enhancement in rainbow trout ( Oncorhynchus mykiss) by potential probiotic bacteria ( Lactobacillus rhamnosus)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sami Nikoskelainen; Arthur C. Ouwehand; Göran Bylund; Seppo Salminen; Esa-Matti Lilius

    2003-01-01

    The present study assessed the immune enhancement of fish by a lactic acid bacterium (LAB) Lactobacillus rhamnosus (ATCC 53103). The bacterium was administered orally at five different doses 7.9×104(LAB4), 2.1×106(LAB6), 2.8×108(LAB8), 1.9×1010(LAB10) and 9.7×1010(LAB11) CFU\\/g feed to rainbow trout for two weeks and the feed was changed to un-supplemented diet. From the onset of feeding supplemented diets at 1, 2,

  16. ?-Galactosidase from Lactobacillus plantarum WCFS1: biochemical characterization and formation of prebiotic galacto-oligosaccharides

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sanaullah Iqbal; Thu-Ha Nguyen; Tien Thanh Nguyen; Thomas Maischberger; Dietmar Haltrich

    2010-01-01

    Recombinant ?-galactosidase from Lactobacillus plantarum WCFS1, homologously over-expressed in L. plantarum, was purified to apparent homogeneity using p-aminobenzyl 1-thio-?-d-galactopyranoside affinity chromatography and subsequently characterized. The enzyme is a heterodimer of the LacLM-family type, consisting of a small subunit of 35kDa and a large subunit of 72kDa. The optimum pH for hydrolysis of its preferred substrates o-nitrophenyl-?-d-galactopyranoside (oNPG) and lactose is

  17. Genotypic and phenotypic characterization of lactic acid bacteria isolated from Italian ryegrass silage.

    PubMed

    Tohno, Masanori; Kobayashi, Hisami; Nomura, Masaru; Kitahara, Maki; Ohkuma, Moriya; Uegaki, Ryuichi; Cai, Yimin

    2012-02-01

    Twenty-three lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolated from three cultivars (Akiaoba, Nagahahikari and Tachiwase) of Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) silage were precisely characterized by a combination of phenotypic tests, genotypic 16S ribosomal DNA sequencing and rapid PCR-based analyses, focusing on their useful phenotypes for silage preparation as inoculants. We successfully identified both at the species and subspecies levels: phenotypically novel Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis, Lactobacillus brevis, Lactobacillus coryniformis subsp. torquens, Lactobacillus curvatus, Lactobacillus plantarum subsp. plantarum, Lactobacillus sakei subsp. carnosus, Leuconostoc mesenteroides subsp. dextranicum and Pediococcus parvulus. This is the first report to elucidate the presence of Lactobacillus coryniformis ssp. torquens and Leuconostoc mesenteroides subsp. dextranicum in Italian ryegrass silages. Physiological and biochemical tests revealed that phenotypic characteristics are different among the different strains of the same species and subspecies, and that the isolates show unique and diverse phenotypes related to fermentation factors, such as available carbohydrates, optimal growth pH and temperature. These results suggest that, for various well-preserved silage preparations, the isolates may be useful in producing novel inoculants corresponding to their optimally climatic and ecological niches. PMID:22339691

  18. Estimation of 16S rRNA gene copy number in several probiotic Lactobacillus strains isolated from the gastrointestinal tract of chicken.

    PubMed

    Lee, Chin Mei; Sieo, Chin Chin; Abdullah, Norhani; Ho, Yin Wan

    2008-10-01

    The copy numbers of 16S rRNA genes in 12 probiotic Lactobacillus strains of poultry origin were analyzed. Genomic DNA of the strains was digested with restriction endonucleases that do not cut within the 16S rRNA gene of the strains. This was followed by Southern hybridization with a biotinylated probe complementary to the 16S rRNA gene. The copy number of the 16S rRNA gene within a Lactobacillus species was found to be conserved. From the hybridization results, Lactobacillus salivarius I 24 was estimated to have seven copies of the 16S rRNA gene, Lactobacillus panis C 17 to have five copies and Lactobacillus gallinarum strains I 16 and I 26 four copies. The 16S rRNA gene copy numbers of L. gallinarum and L. panis reported in the present study are the first record. Lactobacillus brevis strains I 12, I 23, I 25, I 211, I 218 and Lactobacillus reuteri strains C 1, C 10, C 16 were estimated to have at least four copies of the 16S rRNA gene. In addition, distinct rRNA restriction patterns which could discriminate the strains of L. reuteri and L. gallinarum were also detected. Information on 16S rRNA gene copy number is important for physiological, evolutionary and population studies of the bacteria. PMID:18707622

  19. Detection and identification of Lactobacillus species in crops of broilers of different ages by using PCR-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis and amplified ribosomal DNA restriction analysis.

    PubMed

    Guan, Le Luo; Hagen, Karen E; Tannock, Gerald W; Korver, Doug R; Fasenko, Gaylene M; Allison, Gwen E

    2003-11-01

    The microflora of the crop was investigated throughout the broiler production period (0 to 42 days) using PCR combined with denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (PCR-DGGE) and selective bacteriological culture of lactobacilli followed by amplified ribosomal DNA restriction analysis (ARDRA). The birds were raised under conditions similar to those used in commercial broiler production. Lactobacilli predominated and attained populations of 10(8) to 10(9) CFU per gram of crop contents. Many of the lactobacilli present in the crop (61.9% of isolates) belonged to species of the Lactobacillus acidophilus group and could not be differentiated by PCR-DGGE. A rapid and simple ARDRA method was developed to distinguish between the members of the L. acidophilus group. HaeIII-ARDRA was used for preliminary identification of isolates in the L. acidophilus group and to identify Lactobacillus reuteri and Lactobacillus salivarius. MseI-ARDRA generated unique patterns for all species of the L. acidophilus group, identifying Lactobacillus crispatus, Lactobacillus johnsonii, and Lactobacillus gallinarum among crop isolates. The results of our study provide comprehensive knowledge of the Lactobacillus microflora in the crops of birds of different ages using nucleic acid-based methods of detection and identification based on current taxonomic criteria. PMID:14602636

  20. The effect of NaCl substitution with KCl on proteinase activities of cell-free extract and cell-free supernatant at different pH levels and salt concentrations: Lactobacillus acidophilus and Lactobacillus casei.

    PubMed

    Ayyash, M M; Sherkat, F; Shah, N P

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of substitution of NaCl with KCl at different pH levels and salt concentrations on proteinase activity of cell-free extract and cell-free supernatant of the probiotics Lactobacillus acidophilus and Lactobacillus casei. de Man, Rogosa, and Sharpe broth aliquots were mixed with 2 pure salts (NaCl and KCl) and 2 salt concentrations at 2 concentration levels (5 and 10%), inoculated with Lactobacillus acidophilus or Lactobacillus casei, and incubated aerobically at 37°C for 22 h. The cultures were then centrifuged at 4,000×g for 30 min, and the collected cell pellets were used to prepare cell-wall proteinases and the supernatants used as a source of supernatant (extracellular) proteinases. The proteolytic activity and protein content of both portions were determined. After incubation of both portions with 3 milk caseins (?-, ?-, ?-casein), the supernatants were individually subjected to analysis of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE)-inhibitory activity and proteolytic activity using the o-phthalaldehyde method. Significant differences were observed in ACE-inhibitory and proteolytic activities between salt substitution treatments of cell-free extract and cell-free supernatant from both probiotic strains at the same salt concentration and pH level. PMID:23084889

  1. Exploring optimization parameters to increase ssDNA recombineering in Lactococcus lactis and Lactobacillus reuteri

    PubMed Central

    van Pijkeren, Jan-Peter; Neoh, Kar Mun; Sirias, Denise; Findley, Anthony S.; Britton, Robert A.

    2012-01-01

    Single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) recombineering is a technology which is used to make subtle changes in the chromosome of several bacterial genera. Cells which express a single-stranded DNA binding protein (RecT or Bet) are transformed with an oligonucleotide which is incorporated via an annealing and replication-dependent mechanism. By in silico analysis we identified ssDNA binding protein homologs in the genus Lactobacillus and Lactococcus lactis. To assess whether we could further improve the recombineering efficiency in Lactobacillus reuteri ATCC PTA 6475 we expressed several RecT homologs in this strain. RecT derived from Enterococcus faecalis CRMEN 19 yielded comparable efficiencies compared with a native RecT protein, but none of the other proteins further increased the recombineering efficiency. We successfully improved recombineering efficiency 10-fold in L. lactis by increasing oligonucleotide concentration combined with the use of oligonucleotides containing phosphorothioate-linkages (PTOs). Surprisingly, neither increased oligonucleotide concentration nor PTO linkages enhanced recombineering in L. reuteri 6475. To emphasize the utility of this technology in improving probiotic features we modified six bases in a transcriptional regulatory element region of the pdu-operon of L. reuteri 6475, yielding a 3-fold increase in the production of the antimicrobial compound reuterin. Directed genetic modification of lactic acid bacteria through ssDNA recombineering will simplify strain improvement in a way that, when mutating a single base, is genetically indistinguishable from strains obtained through directed evolution. PMID:22750793

  2. Monitoring survival of Lactobacillus casei ATCC 393 in probiotic yogurts using an efficient molecular tool.

    PubMed

    Sidira, Marianthi; Saxami, Georgia; Dimitrellou, Dimitra; Santarmaki, Valentini; Galanis, Alex; Kourkoutas, Yiannis

    2013-05-01

    The aim of the present study was to monitor the survival of the probiotic strain Lactobacillus casei ATCC 393 during refrigerated storage of natural regular yogurts compared with Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus. Both free and immobilized cells on supports of high industrial interest, such as fruits and oat pieces, were tested. Microbiological and strain-specific multiplex PCR analysis showed that both free and immobilized Lb. casei ATCC 393 were detected in the novel products at levels required to confer a probiotic effect (at least 6 log cfu/g) for longer periods than required by the dairy industry (? 30 d) during storage at 4°C. In contrast, the viable bacterial density of Lb. delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus decreased to levels <6 log cfu/g after 14 d of cold storage. Of note, the final pH of all products was 4.2 to 4.3. Acid resistance or cold tolerance of Lb. casei ATCC 393 apparently allows for increased survival compared with Lb. delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus in these yogurt formulations. PMID:23498002

  3. Generation of food-grade recombinant Lactobacillus casei delivering Myxococcus xanthus prolyl endopeptidase.

    PubMed

    Alvarez-Sieiro, Patricia; Martin, Maria Cruz; Redruello, Begoña; Del Rio, Beatriz; Ladero, Victor; Palanski, Brad A; Khosla, Chaitan; Fernandez, Maria; Alvarez, Miguel A

    2014-08-01

    Prolyl endopeptidases (PEP) (EC 3.4.21.26), a family of serine proteases with the ability to hydrolyze the peptide bond on the carboxyl side of an internal proline residue, are able to degrade immunotoxic peptides responsible for celiac disease (CD), such as a 33-residue gluten peptide (33-mer). Oral administration of PEP has been suggested as a potential therapeutic approach for CD, although delivery of the enzyme to the small intestine requires intrinsic gastric stability or advanced formulation technologies. We have engineered two food-grade Lactobacillus casei strains to deliver PEP in an in vitro model of small intestine environment. One strain secretes PEP into the extracellular medium, whereas the other retains PEP in the intracellular environment. The strain that secretes PEP into the extracellular medium is the most effective to degrade the 33-mer and is resistant to simulated gastrointestinal stress. Our results suggest that in the future, after more studies and clinical trials, an engineered food-grade Lactobacillus strain may be useful as a vector for in situ production of PEP in the upper small intestine of CD patients. PMID:24752841

  4. Biotin Transport and Accumulation by Cells of Lactobacillus plantarum I. General Properties of the System

    PubMed Central

    Waller, James R.; Lichstein, Herman C.

    1965-01-01

    Waller, James R. (University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio), and Herman C. Lichstein. Biotin transport and accumulation by cells of Lactobacillus plantarum. I. General properties of the system. J. Bacteriol. 90:843–852. 1965.—Resting cells of Lactobacillus plantarum were saturated with bound biotin by incubation in phosphate buffer with biotin and glucose for 2 hr. This bound biotin was stable to wide changes in temperature, pH, and reaction time. Free biotin could be eluted from the cells by suspending them in cold water or saline. Immersing the cells in boiling water for 30 sec released all free biotin. Recoveries of added biotin exceeded 92%. Free biotin uptake by bound biotin-saturated cells occurred by two mechanisms. One process was independent from temperature (Q10, 1.25), pH, cellular metabolism, and inhibition by iodoacetate. The other mechanism was dependent upon temperature (Q10, 2.58; optimum, 37 C), pH (optimum, 7.5), and active cellular metabolism, and was inhibited by iodoacetate. Activation energies of 3,700 and 13,800 cal per mole, respectively, were observed for glucose-independent and -dependent free biotin uptake. Both processes exhibited approximately the same degree of inhibition by homobiotin. Higher concentrations of homobiotin were required to inhibit growth than to inhibit free biotin uptake. Intracellular–extracellular ratios as high as 600 were established in the absence of glucose, whereas ratios of nearly 4,000 occurred in the presence of glucose. PMID:5847805

  5. Cloacal Lactobacillus isolates from broilers often display resistance toward tetracycline antibiotics.

    PubMed

    Cauwerts, K; Pasmans, F; Devriese, L A; Haesebrouck, F; Decostere, A

    2006-01-01

    Lactobacillus crispatus, L. reuteri, L. amylovorus, L. gallinarum, and L. salivarius subsp. salivarius strains isolated from cloacal swabs of broiler chickens derived from 20 different farms in Belgium were tested for susceptibility to tetracycline and minocycline. Acquired resistance percentages to these antibiotics were extremely high for L. crispatus, L. reuteri, L. gallinarum, and L. salivarius subsp. salivarius (75%-100%). L. amylovorus on the contrary, displayed lower resistance percentages (25%) toward minocycline and tetracycline. In several strains, resistance against the tetracycline antibiotics was associated with the presence of the resistance genes tet(K), tet(L), tet(M), tet(W), and tet(Z). To our knowledge, this is the first report of tet(Z) in lactobacilli and tet(K), tet(L), and tet(W) in lactobacilli identified to species level. Our findings strengthen the evidence of intestinal Lactobacillus species acting as a pool of antimicrobial resistance genes urging the need for prudent use of tetracycline antibiotics in poultry production. PMID:17227215

  6. Probiotic Potential of Lactobacillus Strains with Antimicrobial Activity against Some Human Pathogenic Strains

    PubMed Central

    Shokryazdan, Parisa; Sieo, Chin Chin; Kalavathy, Ramasamy; Liang, Juan Boo; Alitheen, Noorjahan Banu; Faseleh Jahromi, Mohammad; Ho, Yin Wan

    2014-01-01

    The objective of this study was to isolate, identify, and characterize some lactic acid bacterial strains from human milk, infant feces, and fermented grapes and dates, as potential probiotics with antimicrobial activity against some human pathogenic strains. One hundred and forty bacterial strains were isolated and, after initial identification and a preliminary screening for acid and bile tolerance, nine of the best isolates were selected and further identified using 16?S rRNA gene sequences. The nine selected isolates were then characterized in vitro for their probiotic characteristics and their antimicrobial activities against some human pathogens. Results showed that all nine isolates belonged to the genus Lactobacillus. They were able to tolerate pH 3 for 3?h, 0.3% bile salts for 4?h, and 1.9?mg/mL pancreatic enzymes for 3?h. They exhibited good ability to attach to intestinal epithelial cells and were not resistant to the tested antibiotics. They also showed good antimicrobial activities against the tested pathogenic strains of humans, and most of them exhibited stronger antimicrobial activity than the reference strain L. casei Shirota. Thus, the nine Lactobacillus strains could be considered as potential antimicrobial probiotic strains against human pathogens and should be further studied for their human health benefits. PMID:25105147

  7. Chromosomal Insertions in the Lactobacillus casei upp Gene That Are Useful for Vaccine Expression

    PubMed Central

    Song, Bai-fen; Ju, Long-zhu

    2014-01-01

    To develop a stable and marker-free Lactobacillus strain useful for the expression of vaccines, we developed a temperature-sensitive suicide plasmid with expression cassettes containing an HCE promoter, a PgsA anchor, the alpha-toxin gene, and an rrnB T1T2 terminator (PP?T) that uses a 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) counterselectable marker for Lactobacillus casei. Three strains containing the correct PP?T expression cassettes were produced via the selective pressure of 5-FU screening. We confirmed that the upp gene was deleted and that the PP?T expression cassettes were inserted into the upp site of L. casei ATCC 393 by genomic PCR amplification and sequencing. 5-FU resistance in recombinant bacteria could be stably inherited for as long as 40 generations following insertion. However, bacteria containing the integrated DNA grew more slowly than wild-type L. casei. An indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) analysis demonstrated that the alpha-toxin gene was expressed. Also, we visualized expression of the protein on the surface of L. casei cells using laser confocal microscopy. These results taken together demonstrate that these recombinant bacteria should provide a safe tool for effective vaccine production. PMID:24657853

  8. Response surface optimization of lyoprotectant for Lactobacillus bulgaricus during vacuum freeze-drying.

    PubMed

    Chen, He; Chen, Shiwei; Li, Chuanna; Shu, Guowei

    2015-01-01

    The individual and interactive effects of skimmed milk powder, lactose, and sodium ascorbate on the number of viable cells and freeze-drying survival for vacuum freeze-dried powder formulation of Lactobacillus bulgaricus were studied by response surface methodology, and the optimal compound lyoprotectant formulations were gained. It is shown that skim milk powder, lactose, and sodium ascorbate had a significant impact on variables and survival of cultures after freeze-drying. Also, their protective abilities could be enhanced significantly when using them as a mixture of 28% w/v skim milk, 24% w/v lactose, and 4.8% w/v sodium ascorbate. The optimal freeze-drying survival rate and the number of viable cells of Lactobacillus bulgaricus were observed to be (64.41±0.02)% and (3.22±0.02)×10(11) colony-forming units (CFU)/g using the optimal compound protectants, which were very close to the expected values 64.47% and 3.28×10(11) CFU/g. PMID:24840953

  9. Heterologous expression of Oenococcus oeni malolactic enzyme in Lactobacillus plantarum for improved malolactic fermentation.

    PubMed

    Schümann, Christina; Michlmayr, Herbert; Eder, Reinhard; Del Hierro, Andrés M; Kulbe, Klaus D; Mathiesen, Geir; Nguyen, Thu-Ha

    2012-01-01

    Lactobacillus plantarum is involved in a multitude of food related industrial fermentation processes including the malolactic fermentation (MLF) of wine. This work is the first report on a recombinant L. plantarum strain successfully conducting MLF. The malolactic enzyme (MLE) from Oenococcus oeni was cloned into the lactobacillal expression vector pSIP409 which is based on the sakacin P operon of Lactobacillus sakei and expressed in the host strain L. plantarum WCFS1. Both recombinant and wild-type L. plantarum strains were tested for MLF using a buffered malic acid solution in absence of glucose. Under the conditions with L-malic acid as the only energy source and in presence of Mn2+ and NAD+, the recombinant L. plantarum and the wild-type strain converted 85% (2.5 g/l) and 51% (1.5 g/l), respectively, of L-malic acid in 3.5 days. Furthermore, the recombinant L. plantarum cells converted in a modified wine 15% (0.4 g/l) of initial L-malic acid concentration in 2 days. In conclusion, recombinant L. plantarum cells expressing MLE accelerate the malolactic fermentation. PMID:22452826

  10. Heterologous expression of Oenococcus oeni malolactic enzyme in Lactobacillus plantarum for improved malolactic fermentation

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Lactobacillus plantarum is involved in a multitude of food related industrial fermentation processes including the malolactic fermentation (MLF) of wine. This work is the first report on a recombinant L. plantarum strain successfully conducting MLF. The malolactic enzyme (MLE) from Oenococcus oeni was cloned into the lactobacillal expression vector pSIP409 which is based on the sakacin P operon of Lactobacillus sakei and expressed in the host strain L. plantarum WCFS1. Both recombinant and wild-type L. plantarum strains were tested for MLF using a buffered malic acid solution in absence of glucose. Under the conditions with L-malic acid as the only energy source and in presence of Mn2+ and NAD+, the recombinant L. plantarum and the wild-type strain converted 85% (2.5 g/l) and 51% (1.5 g/l), respectively, of L-malic acid in 3.5 days. Furthermore, the recombinant L. plantarum cells converted in a modified wine 15% (0.4 g/l) of initial L-malic acid concentration in 2 days. In conclusion, recombinant L. plantarum cells expressing MLE accelerate the malolactic fermentation. PMID:22452826

  11. Exploring optimization parameters to increase ssDNA recombineering in Lactococcus lactis and Lactobacillus reuteri.

    PubMed

    Van Pijkeren, Jan-Peter; Neoh, Kar Mun; Sirias, Denise; Findley, Anthony S; Britton, Robert A

    2012-01-01

    Single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) recombineering is a technology which is used to make subtle changes in the chromosome of several bacterial genera. Cells which express a single-stranded DNA binding protein (RecT or Bet) are transformed with an oligonucleotide which is incorporated via an annealing and replication-dependent mechanism. By in silico analysis we identified ssDNA binding protein homologs in the genus Lactobacillus and Lactococcus lactis. To assess whether we could further improve the recombineering efficiency in Lactobacillus reuteri ATCC PTA 6475 we expressed several RecT homologs in this strain. RecT derived from Enterococcus faecalis CRMEN 19 yielded comparable efficiencies compared with a native RecT protein, but none of the other proteins further increased the recombineering efficiency. We successfully improved recombineering efficiency 10-fold in L. lactis by increasing oligonucleotide concentration combined with the use of oligonucleotides containing phosphorothioate-linkages (PTOs). Surprisingly, neither increased oligonucleotide concentration nor PTO linkages enhanced recombineering in L. reuteri 6475. To emphasize the utility of this technology in improving probiotic features we modified six bases in a transcriptional regulatory element region of the pdu-operon of L. reuteri 6475, yielding a 3-fold increase in the production of the antimicrobial compound reuterin. Directed genetic modification of lactic acid bacteria through ssDNA recombineering will simplify strain improvement in a way that, when mutating a single base, is genetically indistinguishable from strains obtained through directed evolution. PMID:22750793

  12. In situ examination of Lactobacillus brevis after exposure to an oxidizing disinfectant.

    PubMed

    Zhao, Yu; Knøchel, Susanne; Siegumfeldt, Henrik

    2014-01-01

    Beer is a hostile environment for most microorganisms, but some lactic acid bacteria can grow in this environment. This is primarily because these organisms have developed the ability to grow in the presence of hops. It has been speculated that hop resistance is inversely correlated to resistance against oxidation, and this would have great impact on the use of various disinfectants in the brewing industry. In this study, we cultivated bacteria under aerobic and anaerobic conditions, and then investigated the in situ outgrowth of individual cells into microcolonies on de Man Rogosa Sharpe (MRS) agar after exposure to the oxidizing agent peracetic acid (PAA). An automated microscope stage allowed us to analyse a much larger number of cells over extended periods of incubation. After PAA treatment, the lag time increased markedly, and extensive variation in morphology, ?max as well as stress resistance was observed between and within the tested Lactobacillus brevis strains. The results suggest that aerobic cultivation increased the oxidative stress tolerance in Lactobacillus brevis. The results also show that dead cells are randomly distributed in a microcolony and the majority of non-growing individual cells do not stain with a membrane impermanent dye (Propidium iodide), which indicates that PAA may not destroy the plasma membrane. In conclusion, the developed microscopic analysis of individual cells on MRS agar can provides faster results and more details of cell physiology compared to the traditional CFU method. PMID:25505451

  13. Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus CRL 454 cleaves allergenic peptides of ?-lactoglobulin.

    PubMed

    Pescuma, Micaela; Hébert, Elvira M; Haertlé, Thomas; Chobert, Jean-Marc; Mozzi, Fernanda; Font de Valdez, Graciela

    2015-03-01

    Whey, a cheese by-product used as a food additive, is produced worldwide at 40.7 million tons per year. ?-Lactoglobulin (BLG), the main whey protein, is poorly digested and is highly allergenic. We aimed to study the contribution of Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus CRL 454 to BLG digestion and to analyse its ability to degrade the main allergenic sequences of this protein. Pre-hydrolysis of BLG by L. delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus CRL 454 increases digestion of BLG assayed by an in vitro simulated gastrointestinal system. Moreover, peptides from hydrolysis of the allergenic sequences V41-K60, Y102-R124, C121-L140 and L149-I162 were found when BLG was hydrolysed by this strain. Interestingly, peptides possessing antioxidant, ACE inhibitory, antimicrobial and immuno-modulating properties were found in BLG degraded by both the Lactobacillus strain and digestive enzymes. To conclude, pre-hydrolysis of BLG by L. delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus CRL 454 has a positive effect on BLG digestion and could diminish allergenic reactions. PMID:25306364

  14. Influence of manufacturing processes on cell surface properties of probiotic strain Lactobacillus rhamnosus Lcr35®.

    PubMed

    Nivoliez, Adrien; Veisseire, Philippe; Alaterre, Elina; Dausset, Caroline; Baptiste, Fabrice; Camarès, Olivier; Paquet-Gachinat, Marylise; Bonnet, Muriel; Forestier, Christiane; Bornes, Stéphanie

    2015-01-01

    The influence of the industrial process on the properties of probiotics, administered as complex manufactured products, has been poorly investigated. In the present study, we comparatively assessed the cell wall characteristics of the probiotic strain Lactobacillus rhamnosus Lcr35® together with three of its commercial formulations with intestinal applications. Putative secreted and transmembrane-protein-encoding genes were initially searched in silico in the genome of L. rhamnosus Lcr35®. A total of 369 candidate genes were identified which expressions were followed using a custom Lactobacillus DNA chip. Among them, 60 or 67 genes had their expression either upregulated or downregulated in the Lcr Restituo® packet or capsule formulations, compared to the native Lcr35® strain. Moreover, our data showed that the probiotic formulations (Lcr Lenio®, Lcr restituo® capsule and packet) showed a better capacity to adhere to intestinal epithelial Caco-2 cells than the native Lcr35® strain. Microbial (MATS) tests showed that the probiotic was an electron donor and that they were more hydrophilic than the native strain. The enhanced adhesion capacity of the active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) to epithelial Caco-2 cells and their antipathogen effect could be due to this greater surface hydrophilic character. These findings suggest that the manufacturing process influences the protein composition and the chemical properties of the cell wall. It is therefore likely that the antipathogen effect of the formulation is modulated by the industrial process. Screening of the manufactured products' properties would therefore represent an essential step in evaluating the effects of probiotic strains. PMID:25280746

  15. Dietary supplementation with lactose or artificial sweetener enhances swine gut Lactobacillus population abundance.

    PubMed

    Daly, Kristian; Darby, Alistair C; Hall, Neil; Nau, Alexandra; Bravo, David; Shirazi-Beechey, Soraya P

    2014-06-01

    The commensal bacteria Lactobacillus are widely used as probiotic organisms conferring a heath benefit on the host. They have been implicated in promoting gut health via the stimulation of host immunity and anti-inflammatory responses, as well as protecting the intestinalmucosa against pathogen invasion. Lactobacilli grow by fermenting sugars and starches and produce lactic acid as their primary metabolic product. For efficient utilisation of varied carbohydrates, lactobacilli have evolved diverse sugar transport and metabolic systems, which are specifically induced by their own substrates. Many bacteria are also capable of sensing and responding to changes in their environment. These sensory responses are often independent of transport or metabolism and are mediated through membrane-spanning receptor proteins. We employed DNA-based pyrosequencing technology to investigate the changes in the intestinal microbiota of piglets weaned to a diet supplemented with either a natural sugar, lactose or an artificial sweetener (SUCRAM®, consisting of saccharin and neohesperidin dihydrochalcone (NHDC); Pancosma SA). The addition of either lactose or saccharin/NHDC to the piglets' feed dramatically increased the caecal population abundance of Lactobacillus, with concomitant increases in intraluminal lactic acid concentrations. This is the first report of the prebiotic-like effects of saccharin/NHDC, an artificial sweetener, being able to influence the commensal gut microbiota. The identification of the underlying mechanism(s) will assist in designing nutritional strategies for enhancing gut immunity and maintaining gut health. PMID:24382146

  16. Impact of kefir derived Lactobacillus kefiri on the mucosal immune response and gut microbiota.

    PubMed

    Carasi, P; Racedo, S M; Jacquot, C; Romanin, D E; Serradell, M A; Urdaci, M C

    2015-01-01

    The evaluation of the impact of probiotics on host health could help to understand how they can be used in the prevention of diseases. On the basis of our previous studies and in vitro assays on PBMC and Caco-2 ccl20:luc reporter system presented in this work, the strain Lactobacillus kefiri CIDCA 8348 was selected and administrated to healthy Swiss mice daily for 21 days. The probiotic treatment increased IgA in feces and reduced expression of proinflammatory mediators in Peyer Patches and mesenteric lymph nodes, where it also increased IL-10. In ileum IL-10, CXCL-1 and mucin 6 genes were upregulated; meanwhile in colon mucin 4 was induced whereas IFN-?, GM-CSF, and IL-1? genes were downregulated. Moreover, ileum and colon explants showed the anti-inflammatory effect of L. kefiri since the LPS-induced increment of IL-6 and GM-CSF levels in control mice was significantly attenuated in L. kefiri treated mice. Regarding fecal microbiota, DGGE profiles allowed differentiation of experimental groups in two separated clusters. Quantitative PCR analysis of different bacterial groups revealed only significant changes in Lactobacillus population. In conclusion, L. kefiri is a good candidate to be used in gut inflammatory disorders. PMID:25811034

  17. Probiotic Potential of Lactobacillus Strains with Antifungal Activity Isolated from Animal Manure

    PubMed Central

    Ilavenil, Soundharrajan; Park, Hyung Soo; Vijayakumar, Mayakrishnan; Valan Arasu, Mariadhas; Kim, Da Hye; Ravikumar, Sivanesan; Choi, Ki Choon

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the study was to isolate and characterize the lactic acid bacteria (LAB) from animal manure. Among the thirty LAB strains, four strains, namely, KCC-25, KCC-26, KCC-27, and KCC-28, showed good cell growth and antifungal activity and were selected for further characterization. Biochemical and physiology properties of strains confirmed that the strains are related to the Lactobacillus sp.; further, the 16S rRNA sequencing confirmed 99.99% sequence similarity towards Lactobacillus plantarum. The strains exhibited susceptibility against commonly used antibiotics with negative hemolytic property. Strains KCC-25, KCC-26, KCC-27, and KCC-28 showed strong antifungal activity against Aspergillus fumigatus, Penicillium chrysogenum, Penicillium roqueforti, Botrytis elliptica, and Fusarium oxysporum, respectively. Fermentation studies noted that the strains were able to produce significant amount of lactic, acetic, and succinic acids. Further, the production of extracellular proteolytic and glycolytic enzymes, survival under low pH, bile salts, and gastric juice together with positive bile salt hydrolase (Bsh) activity, cholesterol lowering, cell surface hydrophobicity, and aggregation properties were the strains advantages. Thus, KCC-25, KCC-26, KCC-27, and KCC-28 could have the survival ability in the harsh condition of the digestive system in the gastrointestinal tract. In conclusion, novel L. plantarum KCC-25, KCC-26, KCC-27, and KCC-28 could be considered as potential antimicrobial probiotic strains.

  18. Impact of Lactobacillus plantarum sortase on target protein sorting, gastrointestinal persistence, and host immune response modulation.

    PubMed

    Remus, Daniela M; Bongers, Roger S; Meijerink, Marjolein; Fusetti, Fabrizia; Poolman, Bert; de Vos, Paul; Wells, Jerry M; Kleerebezem, Michiel; Bron, Peter A

    2013-02-01

    Sortases are transpeptidases that couple surface proteins to the peptidoglycan of Gram-positive bacteria, and several sortase-dependent proteins (SDPs) have been demonstrated to be crucial for the interactions of pathogenic and nonpathogenic bacteria with their hosts. Here, we studied the role of sortase A (SrtA) in Lactobacillus plantarum WCFS1, a model Lactobacillus for probiotic organisms. An isogenic srtA deletion derivative was constructed which did not show residual SrtA activity. DNA microarray-based transcriptome analysis revealed that the srtA deletion had only minor impact on the full-genome transcriptome of L. plantarum, while the expression of SDP-encoding genes remained completely unaffected. Mass spectrometry analysis of the bacterial cell surface proteome, which was assessed by trypsinization of intact bacterial cells and by LiCl protein extraction, revealed that SrtA is required for the appropriate subcellular location of specific SDPs and for their covalent coupling to the cell envelope, respectively. We further found that SrtA deficiency did not affect the persistence and/or survival of L. plantarum in the gastrointestinal tract of mice. In addition, an in vitro immature dendritic cell (iDC) assay revealed that the removal of surface proteins by LiCl strongly affected the proinflammatory signaling properties of the SrtA-deficient strain but not of the wild type, which suggests a role of SDPs in host immune response modulation. PMID:23175652

  19. Impact of Kefir Derived Lactobacillus kefiri on the Mucosal Immune Response and Gut Microbiota

    PubMed Central

    Carasi, P.; Racedo, S. M.; Jacquot, C.; Romanin, D. E.; Serradell, M. A.; Urdaci, M. C.

    2015-01-01

    The evaluation of the impact of probiotics on host health could help to understand how they can be used in the prevention of diseases. On the basis of our previous studies and in vitro assays on PBMC and Caco-2 ccl20:luc reporter system presented in this work, the strain Lactobacillus kefiri CIDCA 8348 was selected and administrated to healthy Swiss mice daily for 21 days. The probiotic treatment increased IgA in feces and reduced expression of proinflammatory mediators in Peyer Patches and mesenteric lymph nodes, where it also increased IL-10. In ileum IL-10, CXCL-1 and mucin 6 genes were upregulated; meanwhile in colon mucin 4 was induced whereas IFN-?, GM-CSF, and IL-1? genes were downregulated. Moreover, ileum and colon explants showed the anti-inflammatory effect of L. kefiri since the LPS-induced increment of IL-6 and GM-CSF levels in control mice was significantly attenuated in L. kefiri treated mice. Regarding fecal microbiota, DGGE profiles allowed differentiation of experimental groups in two separated clusters. Quantitative PCR analysis of different bacterial groups revealed only significant changes in Lactobacillus population. In conclusion, L. kefiri is a good candidate to be used in gut inflammatory disorders. PMID:25811034

  20. Effect of Lactobacillus plantarum Strain K21 on High-Fat Diet-Fed Obese Mice

    PubMed Central

    Wu, Chien-Chen; Weng, Wei-Lien; Lai, Wen-Lin; Tsai, Hui-Ping; Liu, Wei-Hsien; Lee, Meng-Hwan; Tsai, Ying-Chieh

    2015-01-01

    Recent studies have demonstrated beneficial effects of specific probiotics on alleviating obesity-related disorders. Here we aimed to identify probiotics with potential antiobesity activity among 88 lactic acid bacterial strains via in vitro screening assays, and a Lactobacillus plantarum strain K21 was found to harbor abilities required for hydrolyzing bile salt, reducing cholesterol, and inhibiting the accumulation of lipid in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. Furthermore, effects of K21 on diet-induced obese (DIO) mice were examined. Male C57Bl/6J mice received a normal diet, high-fat diet (HFD), or HFD with K21 administration (109?CFU in 0.2?mL?PBS/day) for eight weeks. Supplementation of K21, but not placebo, appeared to alleviate body weight gain and epididymal fat mass accumulation, reduce plasma leptin levels, decrease cholesterol and triglyceride levels, and mitigate liver damage in DIO mice. Moreover, the hepatic expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-? (PPAR-?) related to adipogenesis was significantly downregulated in DIO mice by K21 intervention. We also found that K21 supplementation strengthens intestinal permeability and modulates the amount of Lactobacillus spp., Bifidobacterium spp., and Clostridium perfringens in the cecal contents of DIO mice. In conclusion, our results suggest that dietary intake of K21 protects against the onset of HFD-induced obesity through multiple mechanisms of action. PMID:25802537