Sample records for language information access

  1. The Language of Information Technology: Accessibility in the Information Society.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Warmkessel, Marjorie M.

    The language of information technology is discussed, with a focus on accessibility in the information society. The metaphors of information technology as an "information superhighway" or "infobahn" are analyzed; limitations of the "road system" and developments of Internet systems are considered. The concept of connectivity of the rhizome in "A…

  2. Exploring the Further Integration of Machine Translation in English-Chinese Cross Language Information Access

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wu, Dan; He, Daqing

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: This paper seeks to examine the further integration of machine translation technologies with cross language information access in providing web users the capabilities of accessing information beyond language barriers. Machine translation and cross language information access are related technologies, and yet they have their own unique…

  3. Access to Biomedical Information: The Unified Medical Language System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Squires, Steven J.

    1993-01-01

    Describes the development of a Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) by the National Library of Medicine that will retrieve and integrate information from a variety of information resources. Highlights include the metathesaurus; the UMLS semantic network; semantic locality; information sources map; evaluation of the metathesaurus; future…

  4. A language for access control

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kumar Avijit; Robert Harper

    We present a language for access control. The language is organized around the notion of execution on behalf of a principal. This is characterized using an indexed lax modality. Central to the language is the idea of manifest security - accessing a resource requires presenting a proof of accessibility to the resource monitor. Proofs are generated at runtime by actions

  5. Machine Translation for Information Access across the Language Barrier: the MuST System

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chin-Yew Lin

    1999-01-01

    In this paper we describe the design and implementation of MuST, a multilingual information retrieval, summarization, and translation system. MuST integrates machine translation and other text processing services to enable users to perform cross-language information retrieval using available search services such as commercial Internet search engines. To handle non-standard languages, a new Internet indexing agent can be deployed, specialized local

  6. Cross-Language Information Access to Multilingual Collections on the Internet.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bian, Guo-Wei; Chen, Hsin-Hsi

    2000-01-01

    Discussion of language barriers when using multilingual digital library collections on the Internet focuses on query translation and document translation in a Chinese-English information retrieval system called MTIR. Highlights include a bilingual dictionary; machine transliteration algorithm; design issues for document translation; HTML tags; and…

  7. Combining Natural Language and Hypermedia as New Means for Information Access

    E-print Network

    Carenini, Giuseppe

    refer to this work. The system, beside using language, shows #12; 2 images of frescoes and combines film as pictures, animation, sound, speech, printed text etc.) in an integrated way. The generalization of the idea of hypertext to multimediality gives rise to the concept of hype r med i a : "a style of building systems

  8. Comparing Information Access Approaches.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chalmers, Matthew

    1999-01-01

    Presents a broad view of information access, drawing from philosophy and semiology in constructing a framework for comparative discussion that is used to examine the information representations that underlie four approaches to information access--information retrieval, workflow, collaborative filtering, and the path model. Contains 32 references.…

  9. MENELAS: an access system for medical records using natural language

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pierre Zweigenbaum

    1994-01-01

    The overall goal of Menelas is to provide better access to the information contained in natural language patient discharge summaries, through the design and implementation of a pilot system able to access medical reports through natural languages. A first, experimental version of the Menelas indexing prototype for French has been assembled. Its function is to encode free text PDSs into

  10. Language Diversity and Language Policy in Educational Access and Equity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tollefson, James W.; Tsui, Amy B. M.

    2014-01-01

    This article examines the role of language policies in mediating access and equity in education. By examining a range of research and case studies on language policies, the authors explore how educational language policies serve as a central gatekeeper to education itself, as well as to quality education that may fundamentally depend on language

  11. Self-Access and the Adult Language Learner.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Esch, Edith, Ed.

    The immediate stimulus for this collection of papers was a conference, Self-Access and the Adult Language Learner, organized by the Centre for Information on Language Teaching and Research (CILT) and the Language Centre of the University of Cambridge in December 1992 at Queen's College, Cambridge. Several 1-day conferences on the same theme were…

  12. Following is a collection of web links that provide information on Microsoft Access, Structured Query Language (SQL), and databases in general. This list does not serve as an endorsement of

    E-print Network

    Following is a collection of web links that provide information on Microsoft Access, Structured commercial providers or their products. Microsoft Access Links Database Design Primer: A Beginners Guide&Go.y=0&Go=Go Structured Query Language (SQL) Links SQLCourse ­ Interactive Online SQL Training

  13. Information Access Router for Integrated Information Access System Koji Murakami

    E-print Network

    a user wants to get some information, he or she must bear two burdens. One is to choose a specific systemInformation Access Router for Integrated Information Access System Koji Murakami Department System (IIAS) that accepts diverse kinds of questions and provides the requested information in the most

  14. Health Websites: Accessibility and Usability for American Sign Language Users.

    PubMed

    Kushalnagar, Poorna; Naturale, Joan; Paludneviciene, Raylene; Smith, Scott R; Werfel, Emily; Doolittle, Richard; Jacobs, Stephen; DeCaro, James

    2014-06-01

    To date, there have been efforts toward creating better health information access for Deaf American Sign Language (ASL) users. However, the usability of websites with access to health information in ASL has not been evaluated. Our article focuses on the usability of four health websites that include ASL videos. We seek to obtain ASL users' perspectives on the navigation of these ASL-accessible websites, finding the health information that they needed, and perceived ease of understanding ASL video content. ASL users (n = 32) were instructed to find specific information on four ASL-accessible websites, and answered questions related to (a) navigation to find the task, (b) website usability, and (c) ease of understanding ASL video content for each of the four websites. Participants also gave feedback on what they would like to see in an ASL health library website, including the benefit of added captioning and/or signer model to medical illustration of health videos. Participants who had lower health literacy had greater difficulty in finding information on ASL-accessible health websites. This article also describes the participants' preferences for an ideal ASL-accessible health website, and concludes with a discussion on the role of accessible websites in promoting health literacy in ASL users. PMID:24901350

  15. Managing Self-Access Language Learning: Principles and Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gardner, David; Miller, Lindsay

    2011-01-01

    This paper is based on a research project looking at the management of self-access language learning (SALL) from the perspective of the managers of self-access centres. It looks at the factors which influence the practice of seven managers of self-access language learning in tertiary institutions in Hong Kong. The discussion centres around five…

  16. A graphical query language supporting flexible database access

    E-print Network

    Peters, Nancy Lynn

    1988-01-01

    GRAF-ASQ (GRaphical And Fully Accessible Structure-based Queries) is a graphical query language designed to provide flexible, wide access to data via the use of n-tuples and Prolog concepts. It is also designed to provide ...

  17. SW Architecture for Access to Medical Information for Knowledge Execution

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, Suntae; Shim, Bingu; Kim, Jeong Ah; Cho, Insook

    Recently, many approaches have been studied to author medical knowledge and verify doctor's diagnosis based on the specified knowledge. During the verification, intensive access to medical information is unavoidable. Also, the access approach should consider modifiability in order to cover diverse medical information from the variety of hospitals. This paper presents an approach to generating query language from medical knowledge, and shows software architecture for accessing medical information from hospitals by executing generated query languages. Implementation of this architecture has been deployed in a hospital of South Korea so that it shows the feasibility of the architecture.

  18. HAIL: a language for easy and correct device access

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jun Sun; Wanghong Yuan; Mahesh Kallahalla; Nayeem Islam

    2005-01-01

    It is difficult to write device drivers. One factor is that writing low-level code for accessing devices and manipulating their registers is tedious and error-prone. For many system-on-chip based systems, buggy hardware, imprecise documentation, and code reuse worsen the situation further. This paper presents HAIL (Hardware Access Interface Language), a language-based approach to simplify device access programming and generate error

  19. Facebook: Facilitating Social Access and Language Acquisition for International Students?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Kent; Ranta, Leila

    2014-01-01

    Many international students come to Canada to improve their English language proficiency and develop friendships with Canadians and other international students. However, gaining access to host nationals (i.e., Canadians) is not an easy task for most English as a second language (ESL) learners. Factors such as language proficiency may hamper…

  20. Information is Power: Toward Intelligent Tools for Information Access and Evaluation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael Gasser

    Despite the vast array of alternative sources of information brought by the advent of the Internet, comprehensible information on all but the most basic topics remains unavailable to most people, including those with access to ICT, because it is not in a language that the user can understand. At the same time, those who do have access to information because

  1. Subject Access to Your Information

    E-print Network

    Tucker, Sandra

    2006-08-01

    Subject Access to Your Information Sandy Tucker Texas A&M University Libraries August 1, 2006 Second International Symposium on Transportation Technology Transfer Introduction You have packages ? books, pamphlets, files, electronic documents. You... Lists Transportation Research Thesaurus Your own list Use a Short List or a Long List of Terms? If you have a small collection, a short list of terms is appropriate. If you have a large collection, a longer list of more specific terms...

  2. CACI: Children Accessing Controversial Information

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    1997-01-01

    CACI: Children Accessing Controversial Information through computer networks mailing list has now moved from media.mit.edu to cygnus.com. Here's the updated list description: A lot of kids are getting online these days--sharing data about acid rain, talking about social issues, meeting adults as well as kids, and learning about other cultures. Computer networks hold tremendous promise, but also raise difficult issues which need to be discussed openly. Unfortunately, much of the publicity related to these issues has only dealt with potential dangers--and it has not encouraged reflection on solutions. Can children be prevented from accessing materials which are controversial? Is preventing access even desirable? We believe censorship is not the answer. What alternatives do we have or could we provide? How do we talk with children about these issues? What can we say to concerned parents and school administrators? How and by whom are community standards set? The stakes are clear: if we don't find ways to manage these difficult issues, parents and school administrators may choose to deny children access to networking in an attempt to protect them. And prohibitions against undirected exploration through networking could prevent many of the benefits which the technology could support. We hope to form a community of people interested in discussing these issues and developing helpful materials. send email to: caci-request@cygnus.com in the body of the message type: subscribe to unsubscribe, type: unsubscribe If you have difficulty, write to caci-owner@cygnus.com This announcement as well as additional information may be found at

  3. Access to Sign Language Interpreters in the Criminal Justice System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Katrina R.

    2001-01-01

    This study surveyed 46 professional sign language interpreters working in criminal justice settings and evaluated 22 cases to evaluate access issues for individuals with hearing impairments. Recommendations to increase the accessibility of interpreting services included providing ongoing awareness training to criminal justice personnel and…

  4. Preserving Access to Digital Information

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The growing concern over how best to preserve information in digital form continues to be of special interest to a number of federal library systems around the world, and the National Library of Australia is no exception. On its Preserving Access to Digital Information homepage, interested parties will find a very diverse set of materials related to these challenges, and a fairly broad set of topics are also covered here, including digital libraries, data documentation, digitization, and content management. Clicking on any of these topics from the homepage reveals a brief topical essay, which is followed by a number of timely articles culled from various sources for general consideration. The site also offers a number of annotated resource lists which include coverage of glossaries, digital projects, and electronic mailing lists of note.

  5. Effect of Awareness of Language Law on Language Access in the Health Care Setting

    PubMed Central

    Grubbs, Vanessa; Chen, Alice Hm; Bindman, Andrew B; Vittinghoff, Eric; Fernandez, Alicia

    2006-01-01

    BACKGROUND Federal law obligates health care providers receiving federal funding to ensure language access to limited English-proficient (LEP) individuals who cannot communicate with their provider. OBJECTIVE To determine whether LEP individual awareness of this law improved language access through interpreter utilization. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS In June 2003, a telephone survey of 1,200 Californians was conducted in 11 non-English languages. MEASUREMENTS The survey included items on English proficiency, awareness of language law, health care utilization, and communication methods. Language access was defined as having a provider who speaks the individual's language (language-concordant) or utilizing an interpreter. RESULTS There were 1,000 LEP participants, of whom 371 (37%) were aware of the language law. Four hundred and ninety-one (49%) of LEP participants had a language-concordant provider. Of the remaining 509 LEP participants without a language-concordant provider, 111 (22%) reported interpreter utilization in the health care setting. After controlling for age, gender, education, income, insurance status, years in the United States, health care utilization, and level of English proficiency, awareness of law was not associated with interpreter utilization (odds ratio [OR] 0.66; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.38, 1.17; P = 0.16), but was associated with having a language-concordant provider (OR 1.64; 95% CI 1.19, 2.26; P = 0.003). CONCLUSION Awareness of language law is not sufficient to resolve language barriers for LEP individuals. Provider and organization level barriers to language access must be addressed. PMID:16808766

  6. Information Access and Privacy Protection Office

    E-print Network

    deYoung, Brad

    for securing personal information: once you send an email, you've lost control of it. o an emailed message can. In terms of privacy risks like unauthorized access, credit card numbers and social insurance numbersInformation Access and Privacy Protection Office I A P P Guidelines for Using Personal Information

  7. Improving Immigrants' Access to Public Services in the United States: Language Access Policy and Policy Implementation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sperling, Jessica

    2009-01-01

    Language access mandates in the USA, which require that governmental services be provided in any needed language, have been largely ignored since their first enacting. However, the past decade has seen an increase in the number of national, state, and local efforts to accommodate limited English-proficient individuals. This article provides an…

  8. Local Language Program The Microsoft Local Language Program provides people access to technology

    E-print Network

    Narasayya, Vivek

    economic opportunities, build IT skills, enhance education outcomes, and sustain their local language for education and economic participation for millions of people. The Local Language Program enables communities, universities, NGOs, and local partners that focus on providing individuals with access to computing

  9. Natural-language access to databases-theoretical/technical issues

    SciTech Connect

    Moore, R.C.

    1982-01-01

    Although there have been many experimental systems for natural-language access to databases, with some now going into actual use, many problems in this area remain to be solved. The author presents descriptions of five problem areas that seem to me not to be adequately handled by any existing system.

  10. Sign Language Interpreter Module: Accessible Video Retrieval with Subtitles

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Primoz Kosec; Matjaz Debevc; Andreas Holzinger

    2010-01-01

    \\u000a In this paper, we introduce a new approach to the integration of sign language on the Web. Written information is presented\\u000a by a Sign Language Interpreter Module (SLI Module). The improvement in comparison to state-of-the-art solutions on the Web\\u000a is that our sign language video has a transparent background and is shown over the existing web page. The end user

  11. Educational Audiologists: Their Access, Benefit, and Collaborative Assistance to Speech-Language Pathologists in Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richburg, Cynthia McCormick; Knickelbein, Becky A.

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: The main goals of this study were to determine if school-based speech-language pathologists (SLPs) have access to the services of an audiologist and if those SLPs felt they obtained benefit from the audiologist's services. Additional goals included gathering information about SLPs' (a) understanding of basic audiological concepts typical…

  12. Locally Accessible Information and Distillation of Entanglement

    E-print Network

    Sibasish Ghosh; Pramod Joag; Guruprasad Kar; Samir Kunkri; Anirban Roy

    2004-03-18

    A new type of complementary relation is found between locally accessible information and final average entanglement for given ensemble. It is also shown that in some well known distillation protocol, this complementary relation is optimally satisfied. We discuss the interesting trade-off between locally accessible information and distillable entanglement for some states.

  13. Published, October 1st Access and Information

    E-print Network

    Chaudhuri, Surajit

    Server 2012 R2 Remote Access with Windows 8.1 can automatically connect to internal resources when needed ­ A Windows Server 2012 R2 Story Simplified registration and enrollment for unmanaged and BYO devices and Information Protection Windows Server 2012 R2 Access and Information Protection solutions provides your users

  14. Access to Geographic Information: Openness versus Security

    E-print Network

    Onsrud, Harlan J.

    -profit businesses, non-profit organizations, and citizens generally (for example, see httpAccess to Geographic Information: Openness versus Security Professor Harlan Onsrud Department that ultimately appeared as Onsrud, H.J., 2003, Access to Geographic Information: Openness versus Security

  15. NASA Access Mechanism - Graphical user interface information retrieval system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hunter, Judy F.; Generous, Curtis; Duncan, Denise

    1993-01-01

    Access to online information sources of aerospace, scientific, and engineering data, a mission focus for NASA's Scientific and Technical Information Program, has always been limited by factors such as telecommunications, query language syntax, lack of standardization in the information, and the lack of adequate tools to assist in searching. Today, the NASA STI Program's NASA Access Mechanism (NAM) prototype offers a solution to these problems by providing the user with a set of tools that provide a graphical interface to remote, heterogeneous, and distributed information in a manner adaptable to both casual and expert users. Additionally, the NAM provides access to many Internet-based services such as Electronic Mail, the Wide Area Information Servers system, Peer Locating tools, and electronic bulletin boards.

  16. NASA access mechanism: Graphical user interface information retrieval system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hunter, Judy; Generous, Curtis; Duncan, Denise

    1993-01-01

    Access to online information sources of aerospace, scientific, and engineering data, a mission focus for NASA's Scientific and Technical Information Program, has always been limited to factors such as telecommunications, query language syntax, lack of standardization in the information, and the lack of adequate tools to assist in searching. Today, the NASA STI Program's NASA Access Mechanism (NAM) prototype offers a solution to these problems by providing the user with a set of tools that provide a graphical interface to remote, heterogeneous, and distributed information in a manner adaptable to both casual and expert users. Additionally, the NAM provides access to many Internet-based services such as Electronic Mail, the Wide Area Information Servers system, Peer Locating tools, and electronic bulletin boards.

  17. Examining Language of Information Books for Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Inan, Hatice Zeynep

    2010-01-01

    In recent years, inclusion of information books in early childhood centers is well-advised since children show fast developing knowledge of information book language and enjoy reading those books. The aim of the current study is to discuss features of information books' language by examining the illustrations and texts of randomly selected 15…

  18. Rising Expectations: Access to Biomedical Information

    PubMed Central

    Lindberg, D. A. B.; Humphreys, B. L.

    2008-01-01

    Summary Objective To provide an overview of the expansion in public access to electronic biomedical information over the past two decades, with an emphasis on developments to which the U.S. National Library of Medicine contributed. Methods Review of the increasingly broad spectrum of web-accessible genomic data, biomedical literature, consumer health information, clinical trials data, and images. Results The amount of publicly available electronic biomedical information has increased dramatically over the past twenty years. Rising expectations regarding access to biomedical information were stimulated by the spread of the Internet, the World Wide Web, advanced searching and linking techniques. These informatics advances simplified and improved access to electronic information and reduced costs, which enabled inter-organizational collaborations to build and maintain large international information resources and also aided outreach and education efforts The demonstrated benefits of free access to electronic biomedical information encouraged the development of public policies that further increase the amount of information available. Conclusions Continuing rapid growth of publicly accessible electronic biomedical information presents tremendous opportunities and challenges, including the need to ensure uninterrupted access during disasters or emergencies and to manage digital resources so they remain available for future generations. PMID:18587496

  19. Media, Information Technology, and Language Planning: What Can Endangered Language Communities Learn from Created Language Communities?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schreyer, Christine

    2011-01-01

    The languages of Klingon and Na'vi, both created for media, are also languages that have garnered much media attention throughout the course of their existence. Speakers of these languages also utilize social media and information technologies, specifically websites, in order to learn the languages and then put them into practice. While teaching a…

  20. Representing Information in Patient Reports Using Natural Language Processing and the Extensible Markup Language

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Carol Friedman; George Hripcsak; Lyuda Shagina; Hongfang Liu

    1999-01-01

    ObjectiveTo design a document model that provides reliable and efficient access to clinical information in patient reports for a broad range of clinical applications, and to implement an automated method using natural language processing that maps textual reports to a form consistent with the model.MethodsA document model that encodes structured clinical information in patient reports while retaining the original contents

  1. Increasing information accessibility for patients in obstetrics-gynecology domain.

    PubMed

    Cri?an-Vida, Mihaela; Stoicu-Tivadar, L?cr?mioara

    2014-01-01

    It is important for the patient to have access to personal medical information in order to manage information for increased quality of medical care and life. The paper presents a module added to an Obstetrics-Gynaecology Department information system (OGD IS) supporting patient empowerment. The patient is accessing the system easily using laptops or mobile devices. The application accessed by the patient is web-based, implemented in Visual Studio. NET, using ASP.NET pages and C# language, and the application is published in the Windows Azure cloud. The solution is user friendly using familiar devices and is ubiquitous using the cloud solution. A module for translating medical terms in colloquial ones is integrated in the system. For certain situations the patient will get information related to life style influencing health status as how and what to eat or what type of exercise it is recommended. PMID:25160224

  2. Information access in complex, poorly structured information spaces

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gerhard Fischer; Curt Stevens

    1991-01-01

    Large information spaces present several problems including information overload. This research effort focuses on the domain of Usenet News, an open access computer-based bulletin board system that distributes messages and software. A conceptual framework is developed that shows the need for (a) flexible organization of information access interfaces and (b) personalized structure to deal with vocabulary mismatches. An operational innovative

  3. Lexical access in sign language: a computational model

    PubMed Central

    Caselli, Naomi K.; Cohen-Goldberg, Ariel M.

    2014-01-01

    Psycholinguistic theories have predominantly been built upon data from spoken language, which leaves open the question: How many of the conclusions truly reflect language-general principles as opposed to modality-specific ones? We take a step toward answering this question in the domain of lexical access in recognition by asking whether a single cognitive architecture might explain diverse behavioral patterns in signed and spoken language. Chen and Mirman (2012) presented a computational model of word processing that unified opposite effects of neighborhood density in speech production, perception, and written word recognition. Neighborhood density effects in sign language also vary depending on whether the neighbors share the same handshape or location. We present a spreading activation architecture that borrows the principles proposed by Chen and Mirman (2012), and show that if this architecture is elaborated to incorporate relatively minor facts about either (1) the time course of sign perception or (2) the frequency of sub-lexical units in sign languages, it produces data that match the experimental findings from sign languages. This work serves as a proof of concept that a single cognitive architecture could underlie both sign and word recognition. PMID:24860539

  4. IMPROVING ACCESS TO INFORMATION ABOUT ORD PROJECTS

    EPA Science Inventory

    ORD project information is maintained in, and retrieved from, multiple systems and home pages. Not all sources of project information are Intranet accessible. Descriptive information may be abbreviated and not useful in conveying a comprehensive understanding of a project. The m...

  5. Uncovering Information: Subject Access to Information in Libraries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    The Bookmark, 1989

    1989-01-01

    The 16 articles in this theme issue focus on ways in which libraries provide subject access to their collections in a fast-changing technological environment: (1) "Uncovering Information" (Neal K. Kaske and Peter Paulson); (2) "The New York State Library's Evolving Public Access Catalog" (Alexandria Wolff and Jean Hargrave); (3) "Online Access to…

  6. Accessibility of Emergency Information on Television

    MedlinePLUS

    ... may be impossible to provide accessible emergency information. Filing a complaint If you have a complaint about ... description of the emergency What happens after I file a complaint? The FCC will notify the video ...

  7. Relationship-Based Access Control: Protection Model and Policy Language

    E-print Network

    . Categories and Subject Descriptors D.4.6 [Security and Protection]: Access Controls General Terms Security (SNSs). An SNS is essentially an information sharing system that explicitly tracks the social network.g., professional relationships between health service providers and their clients). An SNS maintains a social

  8. Associative programming language and virtual associative access manager

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Price, C.

    1978-01-01

    APL provides convenient associative data manipulation functions in a high level language. Six statements were added to PL/1 via a preprocessor: CREATE, INSERT, FIND, FOR EACH, REMOVE, and DELETE. They allow complete control of all data base operations. During execution, data base management programs perform the functions required to support the APL language. VAAM is the data base management system designed to support the APL language. APL/VAAM is used by CADANCE, an interactive graphic computer system. VAAM is designed to support heavily referenced files. Virtual memory files, which utilize the paging mechanism of the operating system, are used. VAAM supports a full network data structure. The two basic blocks in a VAAM file are entities and sets. Entities are the basic information element and correspond to PL/1 based structures defined by the user. Sets contain the relationship information and are implemented as arrays.

  9. Introduction: Natural Language Processing and Information Retrieval.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smeaton, Alan F.

    1990-01-01

    Discussion of research into information and text retrieval problems highlights the work with automatic natural language processing (NLP) that is reported in this issue. Topics discussed include the occurrences of nominal compounds; anaphoric references; discontinuous language constructs; automatic back-of-the-book indexing; and full-text analysis.…

  10. Electronic Technology and Access to Information.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Downes, Robin N.

    1990-01-01

    Discussion of access to information in academic libraries focuses on the effects information technology is having and will continue to have on libraries and on users. Topics discussed include electronic publishing; CD-ROM; cooperative collection development and resource sharing; library networks; internal bibliographic and processing systems;…

  11. Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 5.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

    Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

  12. Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 6.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

    Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

  13. Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 18.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

    Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

  14. Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 12.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

    ACCESS is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

  15. Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 9.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

    Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

  16. Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 10.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

    ACCESS is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

  17. Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 16.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

    Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service covering published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

  18. Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 4.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

    Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

  19. Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 21.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

    ACCESS is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

  20. Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 20.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

    Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

  1. Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 17.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

    ACCESS is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

  2. Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 10.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

    Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

  3. Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

    Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

  4. Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 9.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

    "Access" is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

  5. Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 4.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

    Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

  6. Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

    Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

  7. Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 20.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

    ACCESS is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

  8. Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

    Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1,000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

  9. Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

    Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

  10. Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 7.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

    Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

  11. Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 19.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

    ACCESS is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

  12. Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 22.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

    Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

  13. Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 19.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

    Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

  14. Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

    Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

  15. Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 21 .

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

    Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

  16. Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 7.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

    Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service covering published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

  17. Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 17.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

    Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

  18. Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 15.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

    Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service covering published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

  19. Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 6.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

    Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

  20. Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 5.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

    Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

  1. Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 8.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

    Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

  2. Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 8.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

    "Access" is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

  3. Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

    Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

  4. Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 11.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

    "Access" is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

  5. Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 18.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

    ACCESS is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

  6. Natural Language Information Retrieval: Progress Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perez-Carballo, Jose; Strzalkowski, Tomek

    2000-01-01

    Reports on the progress of the natural language information retrieval project, a joint effort led by GE (General Electric) Research, and its evaluation at the sixth TREC (Text Retrieval Conference). Discusses stream-based information retrieval, which uses alternative methods of document indexing; advanced linguistic streams; weighting; and query…

  7. Computers in the Teaching of English as a Foreign Language: Access to the Diversity of Textual Genres and Language Skills

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dos Santos, Roberto-Márcio; Sobrinho, Jerônimo Coura

    In the area of language teaching both language skills and textual genres can be worked with simultaneously (thus responding to the Brazilian Curricular Parameters and to the trends in contemporary education, which emphasize contextualized teaching) by means of computers. Computers can make the teaching process dynamic and rich, since they enable the access to the foreign language through virtual environments, which creates a larger number of learning contexts, with all their specific vocabulary and linguistic features in real communication. This study focuses on possible applications of this kind of approach. The computer online is a resource of diverse textual genres and can be an important tool in the language classroom as well as an access to authentic material produced in contextualized practice close to real-life communication. On the other hand, all these materials must be appropriately used without ever worshipping the technology as if it were a miraculous solution. After all, the professional pedagogic skills of the teacher should never be forgotten or taken for granted. In this study, a series of interviews with teachers was carried out - both with Brazilian teachers of the public sector (basic education) and language institutes (private English courses) as well as teacher trainers (university professors), in order to verify if the teachers were prepared to work with informatics in teaching practices, and check the professionals’ views on the subject. The ideas of Maingueneau and Marcuschi about textual genres are a theoretical base in this work, besides the concept of cognitive economy. The text and its typology are focused here as the basic material for teaching English, through digital technologies and hypermedia. The study is also based on Sharma and Barrett’s notion of blended learning as a balanced combination of technological resources and traditional practices in the classroom. Thus, this is an attempt to investigate the relevance of information and communication technologies in the education and professional practice of English teachers in Brazil in the context of the 21st century.

  8. Mobile Information Access with Spoken Query Answering

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tom Brøndsted; Henrik Legind Larsen; Lars Bo Larsen; Børge Lindberg; Daniel Ortiz-Arroyo; Zheng-Hua Tan; Haitian Xu

    This paper addresses the problem of information and service accessibility in mobile devices with limited resources. A solution is developed and tested through a prototype that applies state-of-the-art Distributed Speech Recognition (DSR) and knowledge-based Information Retrieval (IR) processing for spoken query answering. For the DSR part, a configurable DSR system is implemented on the basis of the ETSI-DSR advanced front-end

  9. Research Investigation of Information Access Methods

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heinrichs, John H.; Sharkey, Thomas W.; Lim, Jeen-Su

    2006-01-01

    This study investigates the satisfaction of library users at Wayne State University who utilize alternative information access methods. The LibQUAL+[TM] desired and perceived that satisfaction ratings are used to determine the user's "superiority gap." By focusing limited library resources to address "superiority gap" issues identified by each…

  10. Access Guide to the Language & Linguistics Location of the department and its main spaces

    E-print Network

    Codling, Edward A.

    Access Guide to the Language & Linguistics Department Location of the department and its main Disability Liaison Officer Accessible parking Location of the Language & Linguistics department to the Language & Linguistics department from the main squares From SQUARE 4 (level 5): enter the building from

  11. 7 CFR 3402.22 - Access to peer review information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Access to peer review information. 3402.22 Section 3402.22 Agriculture... Supplementary Information § 3402.22 Access to peer review information. After final decisions have been...

  12. 7 CFR 3402.22 - Access to peer review information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Access to peer review information. 3402.22 Section 3402.22 Agriculture... Supplementary Information § 3402.22 Access to peer review information. After final decisions have been...

  13. 7 CFR 3402.22 - Access to peer review information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Access to peer review information. 3402.22 Section 3402.22 Agriculture... Supplementary Information § 3402.22 Access to peer review information. After final decisions have been...

  14. Non-Markovianity through Accessible Information

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fanchini, F. F.; Karpat, G.; ?akmak, B.; Castelano, L. K.; Aguilar, G. H.; Farías, O. Jiménez; Walborn, S. P.; Ribeiro, P. H. Souto; de Oliveira, M. C.

    2014-05-01

    The degree of non-Markovianity of quantum processes has been characterized in several different ways in the recent literature. However, the relationship between the non-Markovian behavior and the flow of information between the system and the environment through an entropic measure has not been yet established. We propose an entanglement-based measure of non-Markovianity by employing the concept of assisted knowledge, where the environment E, acquires information about a system S, by means of its measurement apparatus A. The assisted knowledge, based on the accessible information in terms of von Neumann entropy, monotonically increases in time for all Markovian quantum processes. We demonstrate that the signatures of non-Markovianity can be captured by the nonmonotonic behavior of the assisted knowledge. We explore this scenario for a two-level system undergoing a relaxation process, through an experimental implementation using an optical approach that allows full access to the state of the environment.

  15. VINSIA: visual navigator for surgical information access.

    PubMed

    Luo, Lingyun; Rowbottom, James; Craker, John; Xu, Rong; Zhang, Guo-Qiang

    2013-07-01

    Information access at the point of care presents a different set of requirements than those for traditional search engines. Critical care in remote (e.g., battle field) and rural settings not only requires access to clinical guidelines and medical libraries with surgical precision but also with minimal user effort and time. Our development of a graphical, anatomy-driven navigator called Visual Navigator for Surgical Information Access (VINSIA) fulfills the goal for providing evidence-based clinical decision support, specifically in perioperative and critical care settings, to allow rapid and precise information access through a portable stand-alone system. It comes with a set of unique characteristics: (a) a high precision, interactive visual interface driven by human anatomy; (b) direct linkage of anatomical structures to associated content such as clinical guidelines, literature, and medical libraries; and (c) an administrative content management interface allowing only an accredited, expert-level curator to edit and update the clinical content to ensure accuracy and currency. We believe that the deployment of VINSIA will improve quality, safety, and evidence-based standardization of patient care. PMID:23820348

  16. Accessible information and informational power of quantum 2-designs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dall'Arno, Michele

    2014-11-01

    The accessible information and the informational power quantify the amount of information extractable from a quantum ensemble and by a quantum measurement, respectively. So-called spherical quantum 2-designs constitute a class of ensembles and measurements relevant in testing entropic uncertainty relations, quantum cryptography, and quantum tomography. We provide lower bounds on the entropy of 2-design ensembles and measurements, from which upper bounds on their accessible information and informational power follow, as a function of the dimension only. We show that the statistics generated by 2-designs, although optimal for the above-mentioned protocols, never contains more than 1 bit of information. Finally, we specialize our results to the relevant cases of symmetric informationally complete sets and maximal sets of mutually unbiased bases, and we generalize them to the arbitrary-rank case.

  17. To appear: Emerging and Accessible Telecommunications, Information and Healthcare Technologies Engineering Challenges in Enabling Universal Access

    E-print Network

    Reinkensmeyer, David J.

    To appear: Emerging and Accessible Telecommunications, Information and Healthcare Technologies, Gregg Vanderheiden, eds. IEEE Press 2002 Emerging Technologies for Improving Access to Movement Therapy ­ Engineering Challenges in Enabling Universal Access (ed) Jack Winters, Charlie Robinson, Richard Simpson

  18. Understanding dementia: effective information access from the Deaf community's perspective.

    PubMed

    Young, Alys; Ferguson-Coleman, Emma; Keady, John

    2014-12-01

    This study concerns older Deaf sign language users in the UK. Its aim was to explore how to enable effective information access and promote awareness and understanding of dementia from a culturally Deaf perspective. A purposive sample of 26 Deaf people without dementia participated in one of three focus groups facilitated directly in British Sign Language (BSL) without an intermediate interpreter. The sample was differentiated by age, role in the Deaf community, and diversity of educational attainment and professional experience. A phenomenological approach underpinned the thematic analysis of data. The findings demonstrate: (i) translation into (BSL) is a necessary but not sufficient condition to support understanding. Attention to culturally preferred means of engagement with information is vital; (ii) the content of information is best presented utilising structures and formats which cohere with Deaf people's visual cognitive strengths; and (iii) the importance of cultural values and cultural practices in raising awareness and building understanding of dementia. These include collective rather than individual responsibility for knowledge transfer and the pan-national nature of knowledge transfer among Deaf people(s). The discussion demonstrates how these specific features of effective information access and awareness building have universal implications relevant to public engagement and the promotion of general knowledge consistent with the National Dementia Strategy (England). PMID:25469427

  19. Improving language models by using distant information

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Brun; D. Langlois; K. Smaili

    2007-01-01

    This study examines how to take originally advantage from distant information in statistical language models. We show that it is possible to use n-gram models considering histories different from those used during training. These models are called crossing context models. Our study deals with classical and distant n-gram models. A mixture of four models is proposed and evaluated. A bigram

  20. Language Access and Theory of Mind Reasoning: Evidence from Deaf Children in Bilingual and Oralist Environments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meristo, Marek; Falkman, Kerstin W.; Hjelmquist, Erland; Tedoldi, Mariantonia; Surian, Luca; Siegal, Michael

    2007-01-01

    This investigation examined whether access to sign language as a medium for instruction influences theory of mind (ToM) reasoning in deaf children with similar home language environments. Experiment 1 involved 97 deaf Italian children ages 4-12 years: 56 were from deaf families and had LIS (Italian Sign Language) as their native language, and 41…

  1. South Florida Information Access: Virtual Tour

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Southern Florida contains some of the most unique landscape and biology in the US. The US Geological Society and Southern Florida Information Access (SOFIA) maintains the South Florida Virtual Tour in hopes of sharing the beauty of the area and promoting its protection. Visitors can tour sixteen areas (e.g., the Everglades and the Florida Keys); view images (still and 360 degree), illustrations, and maps; and read simple but informative descriptions about the landscape and biota. The site is easy to navigate and enjoyable to explore.

  2. Disclosure of Information about English Proficiency: Preservice Teachers' Presumptions about English Language Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cheatham, Gregory A.; Jimenez-Silva, Margarita; Wodrich, David L.; Kasai, Masahiro

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this analog study was to determine if increased access to information about a hypothetical English Language Learner (ELL) students' language proficiency increased preservice teachers' recognition that limited English proficiency is the likely cause of student difficulties. We find that the provision of increasing levels of…

  3. 7 CFR 3405.16 - Access to peer review information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 false Access to peer review information. 3405...3405.16 Access to peer review information. After...Verbatim copies of summary reviews, not including the identity of the peer reviewers, will be...

  4. 7 CFR 3406.23 - Access to peer review information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 false Access to peer review information. 3406...3406.23 Access to peer review information. After...Verbatim copies of summary reviews, not including the identity of the peer reviewers, will be...

  5. 7 CFR 3405.16 - Access to peer review information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 false Access to peer review information. 3405...3405.16 Access to peer review information. After...Verbatim copies of summary reviews, not including the identity of the peer reviewers, will be...

  6. 7 CFR 3406.23 - Access to peer review information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 false Access to peer review information. 3406...3406.23 Access to peer review information. After...Verbatim copies of summary reviews, not including the identity of the peer reviewers, will be...

  7. 7 CFR 3406.23 - Access to peer review information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 false Access to peer review information. 3406...3406.23 Access to peer review information. After...Verbatim copies of summary reviews, not including the identity of the peer reviewers, will be...

  8. 7 CFR 3405.16 - Access to peer review information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 false Access to peer review information. 3405...3405.16 Access to peer review information. After...Verbatim copies of summary reviews, not including the identity of the peer reviewers, will be...

  9. 7 CFR 3405.16 - Access to peer review information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 false Access to peer review information. 3405...3405.16 Access to peer review information. After...Verbatim copies of summary reviews, not including the identity of the peer reviewers, will be...

  10. 7 CFR 3405.16 - Access to peer review information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 false Access to peer review information. 3405...3405.16 Access to peer review information. After...Verbatim copies of summary reviews, not including the identity of the peer reviewers, will be...

  11. 7 CFR 3406.23 - Access to peer review information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 false Access to peer review information. 3406...3406.23 Access to peer review information. After...Verbatim copies of summary reviews, not including the identity of the peer reviewers, will be...

  12. 7 CFR 3406.23 - Access to peer review information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 false Access to peer review information. 3406...3406.23 Access to peer review information. After...Verbatim copies of summary reviews, not including the identity of the peer reviewers, will be...

  13. Language-Based Information-Flow Security

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andrei Sabelfeld; Andrew C. Myers

    2002-01-01

    Current standard security practices do not pro- vide substantial assurance that the end-to-end behavior of a computing system satisfies important security policies such as confidentiality. An end-to-end confidentiality policy might assert that secret input data cannot be inferred by an attacker through the attacker's observations of system output; this policy regulates information flow. Conventional security mechanisms such as access control

  14. Language Access Toolkit: An Organizing and Advocacy Resource for Community-Based Youth Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beyersdorf, Mark Ro

    2013-01-01

    Asian American Legal Defense and Education Fund (AALDEF) developed this language access toolkit to share the expertise and experiences of National Asian American Education Advocates Network (NAAEA) member organizations with other community organizations interested in developing language access campaigns. This toolkit includes an overview of…

  15. Language in Epistemic Access: Mobilising Multilingualism and Literacy Development for More Equitable Education in South Africa

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kerfoot, Caroline; Simon-Vandenbergen, Anne-Marie

    2015-01-01

    This article is the guest editors' introduction to the special issue "Language in Epistemic Access: Mobilising Multilingualism and Literacy Development for More Equitable Education in South Africa". The issue offers complementary perspectives on improving epistemic access for all learners but especially those whose home language

  16. Geography Network: Access a World of Information

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Geography Network is a global community of governmental and commercial data providers who are committed to making geographic content easily accessible. The site provides an extensive collection of maps, searchable by theme (shaded relief, streets, population, rivers, etc.) or geographic area (continents, countries, or U.S. states). It also offers access to a large collection of geographic data, intended for use with geographic information system (GIS) software tools. The Solutions section provides a platform for developers to build custom applications, using Geography Network content, including map services and tools. Solutions currently featured are driving directions and demographic mapping. The Community page offers a discussion forum as well as a map exchange, enabling users to find and share map images with one another.

  17. MANAGING INFORMATION PRIVACY AND INFORMATION ACCESS IN THE PUBLIC SECTOR

    Microsoft Academic Search

    George T. Duncan

    Government agencies collect and disseminate data that bear on the most important issues of public interest. Advances in information technology, particularly the Internet, have multiplied the tension between demands for evermore comprehensive databases and demands for the shelter of privacy. In mediating between these two conflicting demands, agencies must address a host of difficult problems. These include providing access to

  18. Big brother is helping you: Supporting self-access language learning with a student monitoring system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hayo Reinders

    2007-01-01

    Self-access and language advising are relatively recent and increasingly common types of language support offered in schools and tertiary institutions around the world. There is a great deal of anecdotal support for the positive contribution of such support to student learning. Self-access and language advising hold strong potential as learner-centred and highly flexible approaches. In addition, there are many sound

  19. Infants and Children with Hearing Loss Need Early Language Access

    PubMed Central

    Kushalnagar, Poorna; Mathur, Gaurav; Moreland, Christopher J.; Napoli, Donna Jo; Osterling, Wendy; Padden, Carol; Rathmann, Christian

    2010-01-01

    Around 96 percent of children with hearing loss are born to parents with intact hearing,1 who may initially know little about deafness or sign language. Therefore, such parents will need information and support in making decisions about the medical, linguistic, and educational management of their child. Some of these decisions are time-sensitive and irreversible and come at a moment of emotional turmoil and vulnerability (when some parents grieve the toss of a normally hearing child).2 Clinical research indicates that a deaf child’s poor communication skills can be made worse by increased level of parental depression.3 Given this, the importance of reliable and up-to-date support for parents’ decisions is critical to the overall well-being of their child.4 In raising and educating a child, parents are often offered an exclusive choice between an oral environment (including assistive technology, speech reading, and voicing) and a signing environment. A heated controversy surrounds this choice, and has since at least the late 19th century, beginning with the International Congress on the Education of the Deaf in Milan, held in 1880.5 While families seek advice from many sources, including, increasingly, the internet,6 the primary care physician (PCP) is the professional medical figure the family interacts with repeatedly.7 The present article aims to help family advisors, particularly the PCP and other medical advisors in this regard. We argue that deaf children need to be exposed regularly and frequently to good language models in both visual and auditory modalities from the time hearing loss is detected and continued throughout their education to ensure proper cognitive, psychological, and educational development. Since there is, unfortunately, a dearth of empirical studies on many of the issues families must confront, professional opinions, backed by what studies do exist, are the only option. We here give our strongly held professional opinions and stress the need for improved research studies in these areas. PMID:20866021

  20. Study Abroad in Egypt: Identity, Access, and Arabic Language Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trentman, Emma Gale

    2012-01-01

    Study abroad is often viewed as an ideal setting to improve target language proficiency due to opportunities for extensive contact with locals in the target language. However, research on study abroad demonstrates that this local contact and target language use can be quite limited, and that there is considerable variation in the linguistic…

  1. Graphs-at-a-time: Query Language and Access Methods for Graph Databases

    E-print Network

    California at Santa Barbara, University of

    Graphs-at-a-time: Query Language and Access Methods for Graph Databases Huahai He Department. We propose a query language for graph databases that supports arbitrary attributes on nodes, edges that are centered on graph data. Existing data models, query languages, and database systems do not offer adequate

  2. Many children who are deaf do not have access to sign language instruction

    E-print Network

    Provancher, William

    PROBLEM · Many children who are deaf do not have access to sign language instruction · Need a technology that enables them to effectively learn to sign Sign Language Trainer Shawn Harris Helen Ho Lindy and interpret the correct sign Figure 1. BabySignLanguage.com Hello Bye Introduction Hard wire Soft wire Allows

  3. Information provided by: National African Language Resource Center (NALRC)

    E-print Network

    the culture and the language. Lame as a center of Swahili Language and Cultures, would be a place of interest to students. C). Language and Culture Swahili is a Bantu language of the Niger-Congo family and has a typicalSwahili Information provided by: National African Language Resource Center (NALRC) A). Why study

  4. 45 CFR 503.5 - Access to records or information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...Access to records or information. 503.5 Section...Access to records or information. (a) Upon request...informed whether or not a system of records maintained...contains a record or information pertaining to that...individual's own choosing while reviewing...

  5. 45 CFR 503.5 - Access to records or information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...Access to records or information. 503.5 Section...Access to records or information. (a) Upon request...informed whether or not a system of records maintained...contains a record or information pertaining to that...individual's own choosing while reviewing...

  6. 45 CFR 503.5 - Access to records or information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...Access to records or information. 503.5 Section...Access to records or information. (a) Upon request...informed whether or not a system of records maintained...contains a record or information pertaining to that...individual's own choosing while reviewing...

  7. 45 CFR 503.5 - Access to records or information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...Access to records or information. 503.5 Section...Access to records or information. (a) Upon request...informed whether or not a system of records maintained...contains a record or information pertaining to that...individual's own choosing while reviewing...

  8. 45 CFR 503.5 - Access to records or information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...Access to records or information. 503.5 Section...Access to records or information. (a) Upon request...informed whether or not a system of records maintained...contains a record or information pertaining to that...individual's own choosing while reviewing...

  9. User-Centered Indexing for Adaptive Information Access

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chen, James R.; Mathe, Nathalie

    1996-01-01

    We are focusing on information access tasks characterized by large volume of hypermedia connected technical documents, a need for rapid and effective access to familiar information, and long-term interaction with evolving information. The problem for technical users is to build and maintain a personalized task-oriented model of the information to quickly access relevant information. We propose a solution which provides user-centered adaptive information retrieval and navigation. This solution supports users in customizing information access over time. It is complementary to information discovery methods which provide access to new information, since it lets users customize future access to previously found information. It relies on a technique, called Adaptive Relevance Network, which creates and maintains a complex indexing structure to represent personal user's information access maps organized by concepts. This technique is integrated within the Adaptive HyperMan system, which helps NASA Space Shuttle flight controllers organize and access large amount of information. It allows users to select and mark any part of a document as interesting, and to index that part with user-defined concepts. Users can then do subsequent retrieval of marked portions of documents. This functionality allows users to define and access personal collections of information, which are dynamically computed. The system also supports collaborative review by letting users share group access maps. The adaptive relevance network provides long-term adaptation based both on usage and on explicit user input. The indexing structure is dynamic and evolves over time. Leading and generalization support flexible retrieval of information under similar concepts. The network is geared towards more recent information access, and automatically manages its size in order to maintain rapid access when scaling up to large hypermedia space. We present results of simulated learning experiments.

  10. Telecommunications as a Means to Access Health Information: An Exploratory Study of Migrants in Australia

    PubMed Central

    Greenstock, Louise; Woodward-Kron, Robyn; Fraser, Catriona; Bingham, Amie; Naccarella, Lucio; Elliott, Kristine; Morris, Michal

    2012-01-01

    Background Health policies increasingly promote e-health developments (e.g., consumers’ access to online health information) to engage patients in their health care. In order to make these developments available for culturally and socially diverse communities, not only do Internet accessibility, literacy and e-health literacy need to be taken into account, but consumers’ preferences and information seeking behaviours for accessing health information have also to be understood. These considerations are crucial when designing major new health policy directions, especially for migration destination countries with culturally diverse populations, such as Australia. The aim of this study was to examine how people from a culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) community use telecommunications (phone, mobile, Internet) to access health information. Design and Methods A case study was conducted using a questionnaire exploring the use of telecommunications to access health information among CALD people. The study was carried out at a community health centre in a socially and economically disadvantaged area of Melbourne, a city of 4 million people with a large CALD and migrant population. Questionnaires were translated into three languages and interpreters were provided. Fifty-nine questionnaires were completed by users of the community health centre. Results Most of the CALD participants did not have access to the Internet at home and very few reported using telecommunications to access health information. Conclusions The findings of the study suggest that telecommunications are not necessarily perceived to be an important channel for accessing health information by members of the CALD community. PMID:25170467

  11. 18 CFR 388.113 - Accessing critical energy infrastructure information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...section: (1) Critical energy infrastructure information...or distribution of energy; (ii) Could be...Accessing critical energy infrastructure information...operator of a facility, including employees and officers...information is necessary to process the request....

  12. 5 CFR 1303.10 - Access to information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...Personnel OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET ADMINISTRATIVE...PROCEDURES PUBLIC INFORMATION PROVISIONS OF THE...1303.10 Access to information. (a) The Office of Management and Budget makes available information...

  13. 5 CFR 1312.23 - Access to classified information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Access to classified information. 1312.23 Section...Personnel OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET OMB DIRECTIVES...OF NATIONAL SECURITY INFORMATION Control and Accountability of Classified Information § 1312.23...

  14. 5 CFR 1312.23 - Access to classified information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Access to classified information. 1312.23 Section...Personnel OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET OMB DIRECTIVES...OF NATIONAL SECURITY INFORMATION Control and Accountability of Classified Information § 1312.23...

  15. 5 CFR 1312.23 - Access to classified information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Access to classified information. 1312.23 Section...Personnel OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET OMB DIRECTIVES...OF NATIONAL SECURITY INFORMATION Control and Accountability of Classified Information § 1312.23...

  16. 5 CFR 1312.23 - Access to classified information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Access to classified information. 1312.23 Section...Personnel OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET OMB DIRECTIVES...OF NATIONAL SECURITY INFORMATION Control and Accountability of Classified Information § 1312.23...

  17. 5 CFR 1312.23 - Access to classified information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Access to classified information. 1312.23 Section...Personnel OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET OMB DIRECTIVES...OF NATIONAL SECURITY INFORMATION Control and Accountability of Classified Information § 1312.23...

  18. Natural language processing and advanced information management

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hoard, James E.

    1989-01-01

    Integrating diverse information sources and application software in a principled and general manner will require a very capable advanced information management (AIM) system. In particular, such a system will need a comprehensive addressing scheme to locate the material in its docuverse. It will also need a natural language processing (NLP) system of great sophistication. It seems that the NLP system must serve three functions. First, it provides an natural language interface (NLI) for the users. Second, it serves as the core component that understands and makes use of the real-world interpretations (RWIs) contained in the docuverse. Third, it enables the reasoning specialists (RSs) to arrive at conclusions that can be transformed into procedures that will satisfy the users' requests. The best candidate for an intelligent agent that can satisfactorily make use of RSs and transform documents (TDs) appears to be an object oriented data base (OODB). OODBs have, apparently, an inherent capacity to use the large numbers of RSs and TDs that will be required by an AIM system and an inherent capacity to use them in an effective way.

  19. Language as Information and the World

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koga, Kant

    2010-01-01

    Language attracts everyone on earth. That is because we have and use language. Although there are some minority languages that have limited expressions such as the lack of writing systems in "Aynu itak" and "Shona" languages, they can effectively express their emotion and thought with their languages. In addition, every human being can acquire…

  20. Review your system access with your company's Information Security Officer. Access that is not

    E-print Network

    Shepp, Larry

    Review your system access with your company's Information Security Officer. Access and downloading of information from laptop computers. Beware that your conversations may not be private or secure to be someone you trust in order to obtain personal or sensitive information. Additional travel security tips

  1. Fall Graduation Access Information Accessibility, Wheelchairs, and Disability

    E-print Network

    Buehrer, R. Michael

    across from the Coliseum Parking lot on Spring Road. Signs will be posted. Enter the Merryman Center Coliseum (lot on Spring Road) will be reserved for handicapped and "accessible" parking. Ambulatory to the appropriate entrance, seats and parking. Spring Road Route: Individuals who cannot or prefer not to transfer

  2. Multilingual Information Access Douglas W. Oard

    E-print Network

    Oard, Doug

    be applied to visual languages (e.g., American Sign Language). Who needs MLIA? We can envision at least two English are native speakers of some other language. Polyglots can benefit from MLIA in at least three ways. Monoglots (those who know only a single language) form a second important group. For example, many Americans

  3. Searching the Web: general and scientific information access

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Steve Lawrence; C. Lee Giles

    1999-01-01

    The World Wide Web has revolutionized the way people access information, and has opened up new possibilities in areas such as digital libraries, general and scientific information dissemination and retrieval, education, commerce, entertainment, government and health care. There are many avenues for improvement of the Web; for example, in the areas of locating and organizing information. Current techniques for access

  4. The landlocked island: Information access and communications policy in Nepal

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robin Shields

    2009-01-01

    This paper examines information access in Nepal, its current limitations, and opportunities for expansion, particularly in rural areas. It argues that government policies and the regulatory environment have failed to create the competition necessary for rapid expansion of information access through information and communication technologies (ICTs), particularly in rural areas. Furthermore, restrictive approaches to licensing and exorbitant fees have hindered

  5. Data and Information Access Link (DIAL)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Suresh, R.; Di, L.; McDonald, K.

    2001-05-01

    The Data and Information Access Link (DIAL) is a web based package of software tools for geospatial data storage, visualization and distribution. The DIAL software provides a web based easy to use software solution to small data producers to organize and distribute remote sensing data and metadata. DIAL system can handle heterogeneous types of remote sensing and field campaign data for Earth science applications. DIAL works with image data, grid, swath, and tabular, multidimensional array and point data. The DIAL system supports NASA's Earth Observing System and Data and Information System (EOSDIS) data standards HDF- EOS, Hierarchical Data Format (HDF), and network Common Data Format (netCDF). Data format translators are also available between HDF-EOS and Arc-Info, Geo-tiff, and shape formats. DIAL software works with data from the EOS Terra, LANDSAT 7, TRMM, SeaWiFS missions and many other types of legacy data from NASA. DIAL software is freely available for users. DIAL features: Catalog services: Spatial, temporal, and parameter-based search; Catalog search at inventory and directory levels; Automatic creation of metadata catalog; Supports ODBC/JDBC compatible databases for storing metadata/catalog; User-friendly Java search interface with query preview. Data services: On-line access to data and metadata; Single- and multi-granule subsetting and sub sampling based on array coordinates or record numbers; Single- and multi-granule sub setting and sub sampling based on geographic/map coordinates and physical parameters; Browse and dynamic/interactive visualization of data; Animation of time series or multi dimensional data; Interactive color composites of multi-spectral data; Overlay of coastal and political boundaries; On-line downloading of data in multiple formats; X-Y plotting for non-image data. DIAL can work as a standalone application or in a distributed environment. DIAL is integrated with NASA's Earth Science Data Gateway (EDG) providing support for the distributed system. DIAL works in a multiplatform environment including PC based systems, UNIX and Linux operating systems. The DIAL software is 8 Mega Bytes in size and easy to use. DIAL is used in many NASA projects, scientists from universities, Earth Science Information Partnership (ESIP) federation, NASA centers, commercial companies like IBM, and international partners of NASA. http:// dial.gsfc.nasa.gov

  6. Influence of Handshape Information on Automatic Sign Language Recognition

    E-print Network

    Influence of Handshape Information on Automatic Sign Language Recognition Gineke A. ten Holt1. Research on automatic sign language recognition (ASLR) has mostly been conducted from a machine learning for future ASLR. Key words: sign language, automatic sign language recognition, hand- shape representation 1

  7. Improving accessibility to web documents for the aurally challenged with sign language animation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jin-Woo Chung; Ho-Joon Lee; Jong C. Park

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, we describe how to improve accessibility for the aurally challenged in a web environment, focusing on utilizing a signing avatar for web pages. Many systems were previously proposed to make a web environment more accessible for the deaf people by providing signed expressions, i.e. translating written text into sign language animations and presenting them in a proper

  8. 29 CFR 500.78 - Information in foreign language.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 false Information in foreign language. 500.78 Section 500.78 Labor... § 500.78 Information in foreign language. Each farm labor contractor...and reasonable, in Spanish or another language common to migrant or seasonal...

  9. 29 CFR 500.78 - Information in foreign language.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 false Information in foreign language. 500.78 Section 500.78 Labor... § 500.78 Information in foreign language. Each farm labor contractor...and reasonable, in Spanish or another language common to migrant or seasonal...

  10. Language, Access, and Power in the Elementary Science Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schoerning, Emily; Hand, Brian; Shelley, Mack; Therrien, William

    2015-01-01

    The Next Generation Science Standards call for the adoption of many aspects of scientific inquiry in the classroom. The ways in which classroom talk and classroom environment change as students and teachers learn to utilize inquiry approaches are underexplored. This study examines the frequency with which linguistic markers related to access and…

  11. RESEARCH Open Access French-language version of the World Health

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    RESEARCH Open Access French-language version of the World Health Organization quality of life-language version of the World Health Organization Quality of Life Spirituality, Religiousness and Personal Beliefs Health Organization Quality of Life Project developed the Spirituality, Religiousness and Personal

  12. The Baltic Republics and Language Ideological Debates Surrounding European Union Accession

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hogan-Brun, Gabrielle

    2005-01-01

    This paper describes the impact of European Union accession negotiations on language ideological debates regarding minority (language) and citizenship rights in the Baltic Republics. It explores issues pertaining to the transferability of standards developed for established democracies in the West to the situation of democratising countries in…

  13. Evaluating Learning Gain in a Self-Access Language Learning Centre

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morrison, Bruce

    2005-01-01

    If it is to be argued that self-access language learning centres (SACs) provide an efficient and effective alternative or complement to more traditionally accepted modes of language learning and teaching, it remains a serious concern that there is no research-based framework specifically developed for their evaluation. It is within the context of…

  14. A SIMULATION ACCESS LANGUAGE AND FRAMEWORK WITH APPLICATIONS TO PROJECT MANAGEMENT

    E-print Network

    Stanford University

    A SIMULATION ACCESS LANGUAGE AND FRAMEWORK WITH APPLICATIONS TO PROJECT MANAGEMENT A DISSERTATION for construction engineering and project management, it remains a laborious process to integrate and coordinate discusses the potential applications of the Process Specification Language (PSL) for project management

  15. Making Online Information Accessible to Students with Disabilities, Part II.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robertson, Janna Siegel; Harris, James Wallace

    2003-01-01

    Focuses on the major HTML coding techniques used when making Web pages and online courses accessible to students with disabilities. Examples of accessibility features provided are not difficult for most Web authors to incorporate into their Web pages. With a few adaptations, Web page developers can make online information accessible to students…

  16. 32 CFR 310.17 - Individual access to personal information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...legal guardians. However, access is subject to the restrictions...these individual do not have access to their medical records without...of the individual. (g) Access to information compiled in anticipation...which the Component exercises no direct control are not considered...

  17. 32 CFR 310.17 - Individual access to personal information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...legal guardians. However, access is subject to the restrictions...these individual do not have access to their medical records without...of the individual. (g) Access to information compiled in anticipation...which the Component exercises no direct control are not considered...

  18. 32 CFR 310.17 - Individual access to personal information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...legal guardians. However, access is subject to the restrictions...these individual do not have access to their medical records without...of the individual. (g) Access to information compiled in anticipation...which the Component exercises no direct control are not considered...

  19. 32 CFR 310.17 - Individual access to personal information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...legal guardians. However, access is subject to the restrictions...these individual do not have access to their medical records without...of the individual. (g) Access to information compiled in anticipation...which the Component exercises no direct control are not considered...

  20. 32 CFR 310.17 - Individual access to personal information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...legal guardians. However, access is subject to the restrictions...these individual do not have access to their medical records without...of the individual. (g) Access to information compiled in anticipation...which the Component exercises no direct control are not considered...

  1. Literacy, Access, and Libraries among the Language Minority Population.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Constantino, Rebecca, Ed.

    Papers on linguistic minorities and library use include: (1) "Why Consider the Library and Books?" (Stephen Krashen); (2) "Supporting Spanish Language Literacy: Latino Children and School and Community Libraries" (Sandra Pucci); (3) "'I Did Not Know You Could Get Such Things There!': Secondary ESL Students' Understanding, Use and Beliefs…

  2. Rethinking Communicative Language Teaching: A Focus on Access to Fluency

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Elizabeth Gatbonton; Norman Segalowitz

    2005-01-01

    Although most teachers claim to practise communicative language teaching (CLT), many do not genuinely do so. In this paper, we examine some of the reasons for teachers' resistance to CLT use. We provide a theoretical analysis that focuses on one of the greatest challenges facing CLT methodology - how to promote automatic fluency within this framework. We meet this challenge

  3. Between Worlds: Access to Second Language Acquisition. Second Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Freeman, David E.; Freeman, Yvonne S.

    This book purports to expand the learning potential of students by considering how the world inside the school interacts with outside social contexts. As the schooling of English language learners becomes ever more complex and political, this book has been updated in a second edition to address new trends and issues related to the teaching of…

  4. Species Access Canada: Access to Specimen and Observation Information

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This site provides information on Canadian species and contacts for finding species data. The information is categorized by: Aquatic Invertebrates; Birds (Aves); Butterflies (Lepidoptera); Fish (Agnatha, Chondrichthyes, Osteichthyes); Molluscs (Mollusca); Mosquitoes; Plants (Plantae); and Reptiles and Amphibians (Reptilia and Amphibia). The specimens can be searched by listing the number of records by taxon or number of records by collector/observer; or searching by taxonomic name, collector, or geographic area.

  5. 7 CFR 2903.18 - Access to review information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) OFFICE OF ENERGY POLICY AND NEW USES, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BIODIESEL FUEL EDUCATION PROGRAM Supplementary Information § 2903.18 Access to review information. Copies of reviews,...

  6. 7 CFR 2903.18 - Access to review information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) OFFICE OF ENERGY POLICY AND NEW USES, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BIODIESEL FUEL EDUCATION PROGRAM Supplementary Information § 2903.18 Access to review information. Copies of reviews,...

  7. 7 CFR 2903.18 - Access to review information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) OFFICE OF ENERGY POLICY AND NEW USES, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BIODIESEL FUEL EDUCATION PROGRAM Supplementary Information § 2903.18 Access to review information. Copies of reviews,...

  8. 7 CFR 2903.18 - Access to review information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) OFFICE OF ENERGY POLICY AND NEW USES, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BIODIESEL FUEL EDUCATION PROGRAM Supplementary Information § 2903.18 Access to review information. Copies of reviews,...

  9. 7 CFR 2903.18 - Access to review information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) OFFICE OF ENERGY POLICY AND NEW USES, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BIODIESEL FUEL EDUCATION PROGRAM Supplementary Information § 2903.18 Access to review information. Copies of reviews,...

  10. Service chaining for accessing geospatial information in mobile devices

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Arindam Dasgupta; S. K. Ghosh

    2011-01-01

    Technological advances are leading us towards a vision where mobile devices will be utilized to access geospatial information for various decision making purposes. Web Services have enabled pervasive accessibility of geospatial information in the mobile devices and overcome the physical location constraints of conventional computing. This technology is the perfect candidate, since a strong interoperable capability is the key requirement

  11. Technological Innovation and Cooperation for Foreign Information Access Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office of Postsecondary Education, US Department of Education, 2012

    2012-01-01

    The Technological Innovation and Cooperation for Foreign Information Access (TICFIA) Program supports projects focused on developing innovative technologies for accessing, collecting, organizing, preserving, and disseminating information from foreign sources to address the U.S.' teaching and research needs in international education and foreign…

  12. Mining Textual Data to Boost Information Access in OSINT

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Federico Neri; Paolo Geraci

    2009-01-01

    The revolution in information technology is making open sources more accessible, ubiquitous, and valuable. The International Intelligence Communities have seen open sources grow increasingly easier and cheaper to acquire in recent years. Up to 80% of electronic data is textual and most valuable information is often encoded in pages which are neither structured, nor classified. The process of accessing all

  13. Accessibility in Information Retrieval Leif Azzopardi1

    E-print Network

    Jose, Joemon M.

    of transportation planning and adopts it within the context of In- formation Retrieval (IR). An analogy is drawn. Accessibility is an abstract concept coined almost 50 years ago in the land use and transportation planning in the levels of accessibility to such opportunities affected the urban area (in terms of economic impact

  14. Language-Based Access to Large Sensor Repositories

    PubMed Central

    Baumann, Peter

    2009-01-01

    Sensor data have broadened their scope recently, ranging now from the simple time series measurements to, e.g., hyperspectral satellite image maps timeseries. In addition to observed data, simulation data increasingly have to be merged, for example 4-D ocean and atmospheric data. The majority of these data fall into the category of multi-dimensional rasters. However, when it comes to flexible retrieval, including sensor data search, aggregation, analysis, fusion, etc., standard query language support in the past has not kept up with the service level of, e.g., metadata retrieval. To close this gap, the Open GeoSpatial Consortium (OGC) has issued the Web Coverage Processing Service (WCPS) Standard in December 2008. WCPS defines a request language for multi-dimensional raster data, suitable for specifying navigation, download, and analysis of sensor, image, and statistics data. This contribution emphasises sensor data modeling and the perspectives for an integrated, cross-dimensional sensor data retrieval. Further, the WCPS reference implementation is briefly discussed. PMID:22574054

  15. Qualitative and Quantitative Measures of Second Language Writing: Potential Outcomes of Informal Target Language Learning Abroad

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, N. Anthony; Solovieva, Raissa V.; Eggett, Dennis L.

    2011-01-01

    This research describes a method applied at a U.S. university in a third-year Russian language course designed to facilitate Advanced and Superior second language writing proficiency through the forum of argumentation and debate. Participants had extensive informal language experience living in a Russian-speaking country but comparatively little…

  16. Graphs-at-a-time: query language and access methods for graph databases

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Huahai He; Ambuj K. Singh

    2008-01-01

    With the prevalence of graph data in a variety of domains, there is an increasing need for a language to query and manipulate graphs with heterogeneous attributes and struc- tures. We propose a query language for graph databases that supports arbitrary attributes on nodes, edges, and graphs. In this language, graphs are the basic unit of information and each query

  17. Explaining accesses to electronic medical records using diagnosis information

    PubMed Central

    Fabbri, Daniel; LeFevre, Kristen

    2013-01-01

    Objective Ensuring the security and appropriate use of patient health information contained within electronic medical records systems is challenging. Observing these difficulties, we present an addition to the explanation-based auditing system (EBAS) that attempts to determine the clinical or operational reason why accesses occur to medical records based on patient diagnosis information. Accesses that can be explained with a reason are filtered so that the compliance officer has fewer suspicious accesses to review manually. Methods Our hypothesis is that specific hospital employees are responsible for treating a given diagnosis. For example, Dr Carl accessed Alice's medical record because Hem/Onc employees are responsible for chemotherapy patients. We present metrics to determine which employees are responsible for a diagnosis and quantify their confidence. The auditing system attempts to use this responsibility information to determine the reason why an access occurred. We evaluate the auditing system's classification quality using data from the University of Michigan Health System. Results The EBAS correctly determines which departments are responsible for a given diagnosis. Adding this responsibility information to the EBAS increases the number of first accesses explained by a factor of two over previous work and explains over 94% of all accesses with high precision. Conclusions The EBAS serves as a complementary security tool for personal health information. It filters a majority of accesses such that it is more feasible for a compliance officer to review the remaining suspicious accesses manually. PMID:23125422

  18. Frequency of Occurrence and Information Entropy of American Sign Language

    E-print Network

    Sankar, Lalitha

    1 Frequency of Occurrence and Information Entropy of American Sign Language Andrew Chong, Lalitha Sankar, H. Vincent Poor Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08554. Abstract American Sign Language (ASL languages, frequency analysis of ASL is difficult due to the fact that every sign is composed of phonemes

  19. Informal Language Learning Setting: Technology or Social Interaction?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bahrani, Taher; Sim, Tam Shu

    2012-01-01

    Based on the informal language learning theory, language learning can occur outside the classroom setting unconsciously and incidentally through interaction with the native speakers or exposure to authentic language input through technology. However, an EFL context lacks the social interaction which naturally occurs in an ESL context. To explore…

  20. Cross-Language Information Retrieval: An Analysis of Errors.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ruiz, Miguel E.; Srinivasan, Padmini

    1998-01-01

    Investigates an automatic method for Cross Language Information Retrieval (CLIR) that utilizes the multilingual Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) Metathesaurus to translate Spanish natural-language queries into English. Results indicate that for Spanish, the UMLS Metathesaurus-based CLIR method is at least equivalent to if not better than…

  1. EarthServer: Information Retrieval and Query Language

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Perperis, Thanassis; Koltsida, Panagiota; Kakaletris, George

    2013-04-01

    Establishing open, unified, seamless, access and ad-hoc analytics on cross-disciplinary, multi-source, multi-dimensional, spatiotemporal Earth Science data of extreme-size and their supporting metadata are the main challenges of the EarthServer project (www.earthserver.eu), funded by the European Commission under its Seventh Framework Program. One of EarthServer's main objectives is to provide users with higher level coverage and metadata search, retrieval and processing capabilities to multi-disciplinary Earth Science data. Six Lighthouse Applications are being established, each one providing access to Cryospheric, Airborne, Atmospheric, Geology, Oceanography and Planetary science raster data repositories through strictly WCS 2.0 standard based service endpoints. EarthServers' information retrieval subsystem aims towards exploiting the WCS endpoints through a physically and logically distributed service oriented architecture, foreseeing the collaboration of several standard compliant services, capable of exploiting modern large grid and cloud infrastructures and of dynamically responding to availability and capabilities of underlying resources. Towards furthering technology for integrated, coherent service provision based on WCS and WCPS the concept of a query language (QL), unifying coverage and metadata processing and retrieval is introduced. EarthServer's information retrieval subsystem receives QL requests involving high volumes of all Earth Science data categories, executes them on the services that reside on the infrastructure and sends the results back to the requester through a high performance pipeline. In this contribution we briefly discuss EarthServer's service oriented coverage data and metadata search and retrieval architecture and further elaborate on the potentials of EarthServer's Query Language, called xWCPS (XQuery compliant WCPS). xWCPS aims towards merging the path that the two widely adopted standards (W3C XQuery, OGC WCPS) have paved, into a new construct allowing "mixed search" on both OGC coverages and XML-represented metadata and also returning "mixed results" further enabling seamless geospatial and array, combined data and metadata, processing under a familiar syntactic formalism. xWCPS is a superset of WCPS closely following XQuery's syntax and philosophy, further extending it with capabilities to handle coverages, array and multidimensional data, allowing different degrees of compliance to its results and opening new possibilities for data definition, processing and interoperability. Our long term vision for xWCPS is from the one hand to enable coverage and corresponding metadata retrieval, irrespective of their actual origin and form and from the other hand to offer syntactic constructs for data definition and data manipulation. Thus xWCPS queries could potentially employ distributed services to access diverse, cross-disciplinary and physically distributed data sources, data within them and metadata about them without directly specifying which coverages to employ, which parts come from metadata and which come from data processing (aggregates) functions. Respectively a Data Definition Language could allow schema definition and a Data Manipulation Language could enable updates, inserts, and deletes of data handled by an xWCPS system. xWCPS's specification is currently in draft form. We intend to initiate the corresponding OGC standardization activity with the finalization of the specification of the language.

  2. 48 CFR 3004.470 - Security requirements for access to unclassified facilities, Information Technology resources...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...access to unclassified facilities, Information Technology resources, and sensitive information. 3004.470 Section 3004.470...access to unclassified facilities, Information Technology resources, and sensitive...

  3. 16 CFR 6.152 - Program accessibility: Electronic and information technology.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...accessibility: Electronic and information technology. 6.152 Section 6...accessibility: Electronic and information technology. (a) When developing...or using electronic and information technology, the Commission...

  4. Understanding the demand for access information

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Russell G Thompson; Kunimichi Takada; Satoru Kobayakawa

    1998-01-01

    In many cities Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) offer drivers a wide range of information on the performance of the transport system. Parking Guidance and Information (PGI) systems provide drivers with information on the direction to and the availability of spaces at car parks. Advanced PGI systems also offer the possibility of presenting a range of real time information, including car

  5. DICTIONARIES FOR LANGUAGE PROCESSING READABILITY AND ORGANIZATION OF INFORMATION

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    DICTIONARIES FOR LANGUAGE PROCESSING READABILITY AND ORGANIZATION OF INFORMATION Ã?ric Laporte a dictionary exploitable in Natural Language Processing (NLP)? We examine two requirements: readability of information and general architecture, and we focus on the human tasks involving NLP dictionaries: construction

  6. CILT: Centre for Information on Language Teaching and Research

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    CILT, the Centre for Information on Language Teaching and Research, is an independent nonprofit agency based in the UK that supports the collection and dissemination of information related to the instruction of modern languages. This extensive site details CILT services, projects, initiatives, and research; provides several lists of authoritative educational publications; and posts a calendar of courses, conferences, and training.

  7. The Design of a Computer Language for Linguistic Information

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stuart M. Shieber

    1984-01-01

    A considerable body of accumulated knowledge about the design of languages for communicating information to computers has been derived from the subfields of programming language design and semantics. It has been the goal of the PATR group at SRI to utilize a relevant portion of this knowledge in implementing tools to facilitate communication of linguistic information to computers. The PATR-II

  8. Applying the Web ontology language to management information definitions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jorge E. López de Vergara; V. A. Villagra; J. Berrocal

    2004-01-01

    The extended markup language (XML) has emerged in the Internet world as a standard representation format, which can be useful to describe and transmit management information. However, XML formats alone do not give formal semantics to it. To solve this question, ontology languages based on the resource description framework can be used to improve the expressiveness of management information specifications.

  9. When Language Switching has No Apparent Cost: Lexical Access in Sentence Context

    PubMed Central

    Gullifer, Jason W.; Kroll, Judith F.; Dussias, Paola E.

    2013-01-01

    We report two experiments that investigate the effects of sentence context on bilingual lexical access in Spanish and English. Highly proficient Spanish-English bilinguals read sentences in Spanish and English that included a marked word to be named. The word was either a cognate with similar orthography and/or phonology in the two languages, or a matched non-cognate control. Sentences appeared in one language alone (i.e., Spanish or English) and target words were not predictable on the basis of the preceding semantic context. In Experiment 1, we mixed the language of the sentence within a block such that sentences appeared in an alternating run in Spanish or in English. These conditions partly resemble normally occurring inter-sentential code-switching. In these mixed-language sequences, cognates were named faster than non-cognates in both languages. There were no effects of switching the language of the sentence. In Experiment 2, with Spanish-English bilinguals matched closely to those who participated in the first experiment, we blocked the language of the sentences to encourage language-specific processes. The results were virtually identical to those of the mixed-language experiment. In both cases, target cognates were named faster than non-cognates, and the magnitude of the effect did not change according to the broader context. Taken together, the results support the predictions of the Bilingual Interactive Activation?+?Model (Dijkstra and van Heuven, 2002) in demonstrating that bilingual lexical access is language non-selective even under conditions in which language-specific cues should enable selective processing. They also demonstrate that, in contrast to lexical switching from one language to the other, inter-sentential code-switching of the sort in which bilinguals frequently engage, imposes no significant costs to lexical processing. PMID:23750141

  10. Accessibility

    Cancer.gov

    The National Institutes of Health, NIH is making every effort to ensure that the information available on our website is accessible to all. If you use special adaptive equipment to access the Web and encounter problems when using our site, please let

  11. 15 CFR 784.1 - Complementary access: General information on the purpose of complementary access, affected...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...AND SECURITY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE ADDITIONAL PROTOCOL...information on the purpose of complementary access, affected locations, and the role of BIS. (a) Overview...Protocol requires that the United States provide the IAEA...

  12. 15 CFR 784.1 - Complementary access: General information on the purpose of complementary access, affected...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...AND SECURITY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE ADDITIONAL PROTOCOL...information on the purpose of complementary access, affected locations, and the role of BIS. (a) Overview...Protocol requires that the United States provide the IAEA...

  13. 15 CFR 784.1 - Complementary access: General information on the purpose of complementary access, affected...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...AND SECURITY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE ADDITIONAL PROTOCOL...information on the purpose of complementary access, affected locations, and the role of BIS. (a) Overview...Protocol requires that the United States provide the IAEA...

  14. 77 FR 6168 - 60-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: English Language Evaluation Surveys, OMB...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-07

    ...Proposed Information Collection: English Language Evaluation Surveys, OMB Control Number...Title of Information Collection: English Language Evaluation: Fulbright English Teaching...Title of Information Collection: English Language Evaluation: English Language...

  15. Database Publishing and Increasing Access to Food Science Information

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Howard Stanbury; Jeremy Selman

    2008-01-01

    This paper reviews current developments that facilitate increased access to food science information, with examples from the Web, from search engine producers, and from disseminators and producers of specialised abstracting and indexing (A&I) databases. The diversity of developments is reviewed in the context of blogs, wikis, Facebook, YouTube, Connotea, and examples of increasing Web access with Google Scholar and Windows

  16. Information and Communications Technologies Tutorials: Universal Design/Accessibility

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Information and Communications Technologies Center (ICT) presents this collection of links to a number of online tutorials on the topic of universal design and accessibility. The links fall under the categories of technology and internet access, employment resources for people with disabilities, advocacy and services for people with disabilities, government sites and legislative documents and publications.

  17. HOW TO ACCESS TREATMENT TECHNOLOGY INFORMATION

    EPA Science Inventory

    ATTIC (Alternative Treatment Technology Information Center) is an on-line computer database and repository for information on remediation and treatment technologies. t contains several of EPA's technology databases, including the Treatment Technology Database, the RREL (Risk Redu...

  18. Issues of Access in the New Information Age.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bergen, Dan

    This paper suggests that library and information systems provide access to claims to knowledge rather than to knowledge or information and that such claims to knowledge are in fact claims to truth. The stated purpose of the paper is to explain why the library and information community should adhere to at least soft, if not hard, skepticism with…

  19. The dimensions of accessibility to online information: implications for implementing office information systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mary J. Culnan

    1984-01-01

    Prior research has found a positive correlation between the perceived accessibility of information and information use. The underlying dimensions of information accessibility, however, have not been investigated empirically. The present field study measures end-user perceptions of three online information retrieval systems and one electronic mail system. User ratings of the four systems are collected and factor-analyzed. The results suggest that

  20. Long-Term Information Preservation and Access

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Song, Sang Chul

    2010-01-01

    An unprecedented amount of information encompassing almost every facet of human activities across the world is generated daily in the form of zeros and ones, and that is often the only form in which such information is recorded. A good fraction of this information needs to be preserved for periods of time ranging from a few years to centuries.…

  1. Information is Power: Toward Intelligent Tools for Information Access and Evaluation

    E-print Network

    Gasser, Michael

    that the fields of artificial intelligence and cognitive science can make to the development of such tools. Access be brought to bear on these problems in the development of tools that provide access to and evaluation1 Information is Power: Toward Intelligent Tools for Information Access and Evaluation Michael

  2. Research Informing Practice--Practice Informing Research: Innovative Teaching Methologies for World Language Teachers. Research in Second Language Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schwarzer, David, Ed.; Petron, Mary, Ed.; Luke, Christopher, Ed.

    2011-01-01

    "Research Informing Practice--Practice Informing Research: Innovative Teaching Methodologies for World Language Educators" is an edited volume that focuses on innovative, nontraditional methods of teaching and learning world languages. Using teacher-research projects, each author in the volume guides readers through their own personal journey and…

  3. 18 CFR 388.113 - Accessing critical energy infrastructure information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2014-04-01...2014-04-01 false Accessing critical energy infrastructure information...113 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION,...

  4. 18 CFR 388.113 - Accessing critical energy infrastructure information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2011-04-01...2011-04-01 false Accessing critical energy infrastructure information...113 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION,...

  5. 18 CFR 388.113 - Accessing critical energy infrastructure information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2013-04-01...2013-04-01 false Accessing critical energy infrastructure information...113 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION,...

  6. 18 CFR 388.113 - Accessing critical energy infrastructure information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2012-04-01...2012-04-01 false Accessing critical energy infrastructure information...113 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION,...

  7. Recommendations concerning energy information model documentation, public access, and evaluation

    E-print Network

    Wood, David O.

    1979-01-01

    In this study we provide an analysis of the factors underlying Congressional concern regarding model documentation, policies for public access, and evaluation procedures of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) and ...

  8. 49 CFR 633.15 - Access to information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...to Transportation (Continued) FEDERAL TRANSIT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PROJECT MANAGEMENT OVERSIGHT Project Management Oversight Services § 633.15 Access to information. A recipient of FTA funds for a...

  9. 49 CFR 633.15 - Access to information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...to Transportation (Continued) FEDERAL TRANSIT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PROJECT MANAGEMENT OVERSIGHT Project Management Oversight Services § 633.15 Access to information. A recipient of FTA funds for a...

  10. 49 CFR 633.15 - Access to information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...to Transportation (Continued) FEDERAL TRANSIT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PROJECT MANAGEMENT OVERSIGHT Project Management Oversight Services § 633.15 Access to information. A recipient of FTA funds for a...

  11. 49 CFR 633.15 - Access to information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...to Transportation (Continued) FEDERAL TRANSIT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PROJECT MANAGEMENT OVERSIGHT Project Management Oversight Services § 633.15 Access to information. A recipient of FTA funds for a...

  12. 49 CFR 633.15 - Access to information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...to Transportation (Continued) FEDERAL TRANSIT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PROJECT MANAGEMENT OVERSIGHT Project Management Oversight Services § 633.15 Access to information. A recipient of FTA funds for a...

  13. Selecting the Best Mobile Information Service with Natural Language User Input

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Feng, Qiangze; Qi, Hongwei; Fukushima, Toshikazu

    Information services accessed via mobile phones provide information directly relevant to subscribers’ daily lives and are an area of dynamic market growth worldwide. Although many information services are currently offered by mobile operators, many of the existing solutions require a unique gateway for each service, and it is inconvenient for users to have to remember a large number of such gateways. Furthermore, the Short Message Service (SMS) is very popular in China and Chinese users would prefer to access these services in natural language via SMS. This chapter describes a Natural Language Based Service Selection System (NL3S) for use with a large number of mobile information services. The system can accept user queries in natural language and navigate it to the required service. Since it is difficult for existing methods to achieve high accuracy and high coverage and anticipate which other services a user might want to query, the NL3S is developed based on a Multi-service Ontology (MO) and Multi-service Query Language (MQL). The MO and MQL provide semantic and linguistic knowledge, respectively, to facilitate service selection for a user query and to provide adaptive service recommendations. Experiments show that the NL3S can achieve 75-95% accuracies and 85-95% satisfactions for processing various styles of natural language queries. A trial involving navigation of 30 different mobile services shows that the NL3S can provide a viable commercial solution for mobile operators.

  14. Carpet or Carcel: The Effect of Age of Acquisition and Language Mode on Bilingual Lexical Access

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Canseco-Gonzalez, Enriqueta; Brehm, Laurel; Brick, Cameron A.; Brown-Schmidt, Sarah; Fischer, Kara; Wagner, Katie

    2010-01-01

    Lexical access was examined in English-Spanish bilinguals by monitoring eye fixations on target and lexical competitors as participants followed spoken instructions in English to click on one of the objects presented on a computer (e.g., "Click on the beans"). Within-language lexical competitors had a phoneme onset in English that was shared with…

  15. The Dominance of Language in the Curriculum: Issues of Access, Equity, and Opportunity.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nicholson, David W.

    1999-01-01

    Authors Elliot Eisner, Ivan Illich, and Aldous Huxley take similar positions about language in education, professing that schools limit student access to an adequate range of learning opportunities, resulting in narrow definitions of literacy and education. Examines Eisner's attitude about curriculum balance, Illich's beliefs about tools for…

  16. 48 CFR 352.239-73 - Electronic information and technology accessibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... false Electronic information and technology accessibility. 352.239-73 Section...239-73 Electronic information and technology accessibility. (a) As prescribed...provision: Electronic and Information Technology Accessibility (January...

  17. 48 CFR 352.239-73 - Electronic information and technology accessibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... false Electronic information and technology accessibility. 352.239-73 Section...239-73 Electronic information and technology accessibility. (a) As prescribed...provision: Electronic and Information Technology Accessibility (January...

  18. 48 CFR 352.239-73 - Electronic information and technology accessibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... false Electronic information and technology accessibility. 352.239-73 Section...239-73 Electronic information and technology accessibility. (a) As prescribed...provision: Electronic and Information Technology Accessibility (January...

  19. 48 CFR 352.239-73 - Electronic information and technology accessibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... false Electronic information and technology accessibility. 352.239-73 Section...239-73 Electronic information and technology accessibility. (a) As prescribed...provision: Electronic and Information Technology Accessibility (January...

  20. Accessible contextual information for urban orientation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jason Stewart; Sara Bauman; Michelle Escobar; Jakob Hilden; Kumud Bihani; Mark W. Newman

    2008-01-01

    We present Talking Points, an urban orientation system based on the idea that an individual's walking journey can be enhanced by providing contextual information about points of interest (POIs) along their route. Our formative research revealed numerous ways to provide serendipitous and task-critical information for both sighted and visually impaired users as they navigate through an urban environment on foot.

  1. Intelligent Access to Sequence and Structure Databases (IASSD) ? an interface for accessing information from major web databases

    PubMed Central

    Ganguli, Sayak; Gupta, Manoj Kumar; Basu, Protip; Banik, Rahul; Singh, Pankaj Kumar; Vishal, Vineet; Bera, Abhisek Ranjan; Chakraborty, Hirak Jyoti; Das, Sasti Gopal

    2014-01-01

    With the advent of age of big data and advances in high throughput technology accessing data has become one of the most important step in the entire knowledge discovery process. Most users are not able to decipher the query result that is obtained when non specific keywords or a combination of keywords are used. Intelligent access to sequence and structure databases (IASSD) is a desktop application for windows operating system. It is written in Java and utilizes the web service description language (wsdl) files and Jar files of E-utilities of various databases such as National Centre for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) and Protein Data Bank (PDB). Apart from that IASSD allows the user to view protein structure using a JMOL application which supports conditional editing. Availability The Jar file is freely available through e-mail from the corresponding author. PMID:25670880

  2. FromTo-CLIR: Web-Based Natural Language Interface for Cross-Language Information Retrieval.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Taewan; Sim, Chul-Min; Yuh, Sanghwa; Jung, Hanmin; Kim, Young-Kil; Choi, Sung-Kwon; Park, Dong-In; Choi, Key Sun

    1999-01-01

    Describes the implementation of FromTo-CLIR, a Web-based natural-language interface for cross-language information retrieval that was tested with Korean and Japanese. Proposes a method that uses a semantic category tree and collocation to resolve the ambiguity of query translation. (Author/LRW)

  3. Language access and theory of mind reasoning: evidence from deaf children in bilingual and oralist environments.

    PubMed

    Meristo, Marek; Falkman, Kerstin W; Hjelmquist, Erland; Tedoldi, Mariantonia; Surian, Luca; Siegal, Michael

    2007-09-01

    This investigation examined whether access to sign language as a medium for instruction influences theory of mind (ToM) reasoning in deaf children with similar home language environments. Experiment 1 involved 97 deaf Italian children ages 4-12 years: 56 were from deaf families and had LIS (Italian Sign Language) as their native language, and 41 had acquired LIS as late signers following contact with signers outside their hearing families. Children receiving bimodal/bilingual instruction in LIS together with Sign-Supported and spoken Italian significantly outperformed children in oralist schools in which communication was in Italian and often relied on lipreading. Experiment 2 involved 61 deaf children in Estonia and Sweden ages 6-16 years. On a wide variety of ToM tasks, bilingually instructed native signers in Estonian Sign Language and spoken Estonian succeeded at a level similar to age-matched hearing children. They outperformed bilingually instructed late signers and native signers attending oralist schools. Particularly for native signers, access to sign language in a bilingual environment may facilitate conversational exchanges that promote the expression of ToM by enabling children to monitor others' mental states effectively. PMID:17723042

  4. The Lemur Toolkit for Language Modeling and Information Retrieval

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Sponsored by the Advanced Research and Development Activity in Information Technology (ARDA) under its Statistical Language Modeling for Information Retrieval Research Program, the Lemur Project has recently announced the availability of the Lemur Toolkit for Language Modeling and Information Retrieval, version 1.0. The Lemur Toolkit is designed to help carry out research in areas such as ad hoc and distributed retrieval, cross-language IR, summarization, filtering, and classification. The toolkit supports indexing of large-scale text databases, the construction of simple language models for documents, queries, and more. The system, which is written in C and C++ languages, is designed as a research system to run under Unix operating systems, although it can also run under Windows. As part of the Lemur Project, the Lemur Toolkit is a collaboration between the Computer Science Department at the University of Massachusetts and the School of Computer Science at Carnegie Mellon University.

  5. Language Detection for Music Information Retrieval

    E-print Network

    Shapiro, Benjamin

    GMM Model LR Score Normalization The GMM-UBM based VID system [2] Vocals Instrumental Vocals 100 0 Instrumental 12.9 87.1 Confusion matrix for 512 order GMM-VID The GMM Language Identifier (LID) ­ Different MSDC FSDC Error (%) 17.3 20.7 18.3 20.2 Avg. Error for GMM-LID using 2048 mixture GMM-UBM Super

  6. English Language Please contact us for more information

    E-print Network

    Amin, S. Massoud

    Minnesota English Language Program Please contact us for more information: Minnesota English Language Program University of Minnesota 160 McNamara Alumni Center 200 Oak Street S.E. Minneapolis, MN and events The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. © 2011 Regents

  7. Prospects for Intelligent, Language-Based Information Retrieval.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smeaton, Alan F.

    1991-01-01

    Unlike conventional information retrieval systems, natural language processing (NLP) systems translate queries automatically into the language of the system. This paper discusses the potential impact of NLP on both the indexing and retrieval of text and examines some current NLP projects and systems that have established knowledge bases in narrow…

  8. Object-Oriented Specification of Information Systems: The TROLL Language

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ralf Jungclaus; Gunter Saake; Thorsten Hartmann; Cristina Sernadas

    1991-01-01

    In this report we present the language TROLL. It is a language particularly suited to be used in the early stages of information system design where the problem domain or Universe of Discourse must be described. In TROLL, the description of the static and dynamic aspects of entities is integrated in object descriptions. TROLL is based on sublanguages for data

  9. Parents' Perceptions of Pediatric Primary Care Quality: Effects of Race/Ethnicity, Language, and Access

    PubMed Central

    Seid, Michael; Stevens, Gregory D; Varni, James W

    2003-01-01

    Objective To examine the effects of race/ethnicity, language, and potential access on parents' reports of pediatric primary care experiences. Data Sources/Study Setting Primary survey data were collected (67 percent response rate) from 3,406 parents of students in kindergarten through sixth grade in a large urban school district in California during the 1999–2000 school year. Data Collection The data were collected by mail, telephone, and in person. Surveys were administered in English, Spanish, Vietnamese, and Tagalog. Study Design Data were analyzed using multiple regression models. The dependent variable was parents' reports of primary care quality, assessed via the previously validated Parents' Perceptions of Primary Care measure (P3C). The independent variables were race/ethnicity, language, and potential access to care (insurance status, presence of a regular provider of care), controlling for child age, gender, and chronic health condition status, and mother's education. Principal Findings Parents' reports of primary care quality varied according to race/ethnicity, with Asian and Latino parents reporting lower P3C scores than African Americans and whites. In multivariate analyses, both language and potential access exerted strong independent effects on primary care quality, reducing the effect of race/ethnicity such that the coefficient for Latinos was no longer significant, and the coefficient for Asians was much smaller, though still statistically significant. Conclusions To reduce racial/ethnic disparities in primary care, attention should be paid both to policies aimed at improving potential access and to providing linguistically appropriate services. PMID:12968814

  10. ACIP: An Access Control and Information Protocol for Ethernetbased Broadband Access Networks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Daniel Duchow; Thomas Bahls; Dirk Timmermann

    2006-01-01

    Ethernet-based broadband access network nodes like an IP DSLAM are required to provide many new Ethernet\\/IP-based features for, e.g., end user device autoconfiguration by DHCP, authentication and authorization based on IEEE 802.1X, and multicast distribution. At control plane, a lot of information exchange is needed to configure, administer, and control these features and services. Cost-effective access network and system structures

  11. Beyond access to ICTs: Measuring capabilities in the information society

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Erwin A. Alampay

    This article discusses some development paradigms linked to the idea of an information society and explains how information and communication technologies (ICTs) are seen as a means to development. The article also looks at the concept of a 'digital divide' and the universal access to ICT policies that are meant to address the problem. It elaborates on the limitations of

  12. Distance Learning: Information Access and Services for Virtual Users.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iyer, Hemalata, Ed.

    This volume centers broadly on information support services for distance education. The articles in this book can be categorized into two areas: access to information resources for distance learners, and studies of distance learning programs. Contents include: "The Challenges and Benefits of Asynchronous Learning Networks" (Daphne Jorgensen);…

  13. Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Numbers 11 and 12.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

    Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

  14. Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Numbers 13 and 14.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

    Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

  15. Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Numbers 15 and 16.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

    "Access" is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

  16. Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Numbers 13 and 14.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

    ACCESS is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

  17. Guidelines for Handling Confidential Information by Remote Access

    E-print Network

    Chapman, Michael S.

    Guidelines for Handling Confidential Information by Remote Access You have signed an OHSU Confidentiality agreement as part of your employment responsibility. Please pay particular attention to sensitive information such as any data where the patient can be identified, confidential OHSU business data

  18. Current research information systems, open access repositories and libraries : ANTAEUS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nicholas Joint

    2008-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to give an overview of larger developments in the international research information environment, and to outline their impact on the open access movement within libraries. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A narrative account of recent historical developments such as national current research information systems (CRIS), and their local campus equivalents, together with an analysis of

  19. Towards Communication and Information Access for Deaf People

    E-print Network

    Blake, Edwin

    Towards Communication and Information Access for Deaf People Edwin Blake1 , William Tucker2 & Meryl Science, University of the Western Cape, South Africa 3 Deaf Community of Cape Town, South Africa device can assist Deaf people with their communication and information needs. The Deaf users considered

  20. 29 CFR 500.78 - Information in foreign language.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...workers who are not fluent or literate in English. The Department of Labor shall make forms available in English, Spanish, Haitian-Creole and other languages, as necessary, which may be used in providing workers with such information. Wages and...

  1. 29 CFR 500.78 - Information in foreign language.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...workers who are not fluent or literate in English. The Department of Labor shall make forms available in English, Spanish, Haitian-Creole and other languages, as necessary, which may be used in providing workers with such information. Wages and...

  2. 29 CFR 500.78 - Information in foreign language.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...workers who are not fluent or literate in English. The Department of Labor shall make forms available in English, Spanish, Haitian-Creole and other languages, as necessary, which may be used in providing workers with such information. Wages and...

  3. Information extraction to facilitate translation of natural language legislation

    E-print Network

    Wang, Samuel (Samuel Siyue)

    2011-01-01

    There is a large body of existing legislation and policies that govern how government organizations and corporations can share information. Since these rules are generally expressed in natural language, it is difficult and ...

  4. Equal Access Initiative HIV/AIDS Information Resources from NLM

    SciTech Connect

    Templin-Branner W. and N. Dancy

    2010-09-11

    The Equal Access Initiative: HIV/AIDS Information Resources from the National Library of Medicine training is designed specifically for the National Minority AIDS Council 2010 Equal Access Initiative (EAI) Computer Grants Program awardees to provide valuable health information resources from the National Library of Medicine and other reliable sources to increase awareness of the wealth of treatment information and educational materials that are available on the Internet and to improve prevention and treatment education for their clients. These resources will also meet the needs of community-based

  5. Towards Design and Implementation of a Language Technology based Information Processor for PDM Systems

    E-print Network

    Ahmed, Zeeshan; Dandekar, Thomas

    2010-01-01

    Product Data Management (PDM) aims to provide 'Systems' contributing in industries by electronically maintaining organizational data, improving data repository system, facilitating with easy access to CAD and providing additional information engineering and management modules to access, store, integrate, secure, recover and manage information. Targeting one of the unresolved issues i.e., provision of natural language based processor for the implementation of an intelligent record search mechanism, an approach is proposed and discussed in detail in this manuscript. Designing an intelligent application capable of reading and analyzing user's structured and unstructured natural language based text requests and then extracting desired concrete and optimized results from knowledge base is still a challenging task for the designers because it is still very difficult to completely extract Meta data out of raw data. Residing within the limited scope of current research and development; we present an approach capable ...

  6. Access to Federal Information: Trends and Implications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wise, Suzanne; Jamison, Carolyn

    1983-01-01

    Discussion of growing trend toward contracting out government printing to private sector highlights Government Printing Office duties, commercial publications, competition from National Technical Information Service, Ronald Reagan's moratorium on publication, use of microfiche, and implications of changes in government printing and distribution…

  7. Nurses' access to library and information services.

    PubMed

    Capel, S

    The author reports on the impact of recent changes in the funding and organisation of library and information services which support the education of nurses. In order that nurses might better contribute to evidence-based practice and clinical effectiveness initiatives, the author calls for greater communication and co-operation between library and health services. PMID:9732649

  8. Online access, participation and information credibility assessment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sambhavi Chandrashekar; Stephen Hockema

    2009-01-01

    The Web today is as much a social space with a participatory culture spurred by online collaboration technologies, as it is an information source. The possibility that almost anyone can contribute content has made credibility assessment online important and difficult at the same time. Empirical studies claim that online credibility perceptions are based more on heuristics than on systematic processing

  9. 32 CFR 154.18 - Certain positions not necessarily requiring access to classified information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...classified information. (1) Access to restricted areas...prior to permitting such access. DoD Components shall not request, and shall not direct or permit their contractors...security clearances to permit access to areas when access...

  10. 32 CFR 154.18 - Certain positions not necessarily requiring access to classified information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...classified information. (1) Access to restricted areas...prior to permitting such access. DoD Components shall not request, and shall not direct or permit their contractors...security clearances to permit access to areas when access...

  11. 32 CFR 154.18 - Certain positions not necessarily requiring access to classified information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...classified information. (1) Access to restricted areas...prior to permitting such access. DoD Components shall not request, and shall not direct or permit their contractors...security clearances to permit access to areas when access...

  12. 32 CFR 154.18 - Certain positions not necessarily requiring access to classified information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...classified information. (1) Access to restricted areas...prior to permitting such access. DoD Components shall not request, and shall not direct or permit their contractors...security clearances to permit access to areas when access...

  13. 32 CFR 154.18 - Certain positions not necessarily requiring access to classified information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...classified information. (1) Access to restricted areas...prior to permitting such access. DoD Components shall not request, and shall not direct or permit their contractors...security clearances to permit access to areas when access...

  14. Integrating remotely accessible information services into psychology instruction and research

    Microsoft Academic Search

    James M. Kieley

    1993-01-01

    Wide-area computer networks provide a wealth of information services that have the potential to alter the approach toward\\u000a scholarship taken by both students and researchers. Although it can be argued that the translation of information from hard\\u000a copy to a publicly accessible electronic form has developed slowly, the total volume of text-based information that has been\\u000a digitized is already staggering.

  15. Language Access Services for Latinos with Limited English Proficiency: Lessons Learned from Hablamos Juntos

    PubMed Central

    Wu, Shinyi; Ridgely, M. Susan; Escarce, José J.

    2007-01-01

    BACKGROUND The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation funded Hablamos Juntos (HJ), a $10-million multiyear demonstration to improve access to health care for Latinos with limited English proficiency and to explore cost-effective ways for health care organizations to provide language access services. HABLAMOS JUNTOS In this manuscript, the authors draw on their experiences in evaluating HJ, provide brief descriptions of innovative interventions, estimate operating costs, and synthesize lessons learned about implementation. A number of barriers and facilitators are documented. CONCLUSION The experience of HJ grantees provides guidance for organizations contemplating similar efforts. In particular, it highlights the need for health care organizations to involve physicians in the design and adoption of language services. PMID:17957424

  16. 78 FR 13394 - 30-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Office of Language Services Contractor...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-27

    ...Proposed Information Collection: Office of Language Services Contractor Application Form...of Information Collection: Office of Language Services Contractor Application Form...S. Department of State, Office of Language Services, the information...

  17. 76 FR 55390 - Guidance on Exculpatory Language in Informed Consent, Draft

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-07

    ...HHS-OPHS-2011-0014] Guidance on Exculpatory Language in Informed Consent, Draft AGENCY...entitled, ``Guidance on Exculpatory Language in Informed Consent.'' The draft guidance...guidance document entitled ```Exculpatory Language' in Informed Consent'' and...

  18. 77 FR 65377 - Access by EPA Contractors To Confidential Business Information Related to the Greenhouse Gas...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-26

    ...FRL-9746-5] Access by EPA Contractors To Confidential Business Information Related to the...that may be designated or claimed as confidential business information. Contractor access...includes information claimed to be confidential business information (CBI)...

  19. ISAIA: Interoperable Systems for Archival Information Access

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hanisch, Robert J.

    2002-01-01

    The ISAIA project was originally proposed in 1999 as a successor to the informal AstroBrowse project. AstroBrowse, which provided a data location service for astronomical archives and catalogs, was a first step toward data system integration and interoperability. The goals of ISAIA were ambitious: '...To develop an interdisciplinary data location and integration service for space science. Building upon existing data services and communications protocols, this service will allow users to transparently query hundreds or thousands of WWW-based resources (catalogs, data, computational resources, bibliographic references, etc.) from a single interface. The service will collect responses from various resources and integrate them in a seamless fashion for display and manipulation by the user.' Funding was approved only for a one-year pilot study, a decision that in retrospect was wise given the rapid changes in information technology in the past few years and the emergence of the Virtual Observatory initiatives in the US and worldwide. Indeed, the ISAIA pilot study was influential in shaping the science goals, system design, metadata standards, and technology choices for the virtual observatory. The ISAIA pilot project also helped to cement working relationships among the NASA data centers, US ground-based observatories, and international data centers. The ISAIA project was formed as a collaborative effort between thirteen institutions that provided data to astronomers, space physicists, and planetary scientists. Among the fruits we ultimately hoped would come from this project would be a central site on the Web that any space scientist could use to efficiently locate existing data relevant to a particular scientific question. Furthermore, we hoped that the needed technology would be general enough to allow smaller, more-focused community within space science could use the same technologies and standards to provide more specialized services. A major challenge to searching for data across a broad community is that information that describe some data products are either not relevant to other data or not applicable in the same way. Some previous metadata standard development efforts (e.g., in the earth science and library communities) have produced standards that are very large and difficult to support. To address this problem, we studied how a standard may be divided into separable pieces. Data providers that wish to participate in interoperable searches can support only those parts of the standard that are relevant to them. We prototyped a top-level metadata standard that was small and applicable to all space science data.

  20. Access and control of information and intellectual property

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lang, Gerald S.

    1996-03-01

    This paper introduces the technology of two pioneering patents for the secure distribution of information and intellectual property. The seminal technology has been used in the control of sensitive material such as medical records and imagery in distributed networks. It lends itself to the implementation of an open architecture access control system that provides local or remote user selective access to digital information stored on any computer system or storage medium, down to the data element, pixel, and sub-pixel levels. Use of this technology is especially suited for electronic publishing, health care records, MIS, and auditing.

  1. Anaphora in Natural Language Processing and Information Retrieval.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liddy, Elizabeth DuRoss

    1990-01-01

    Describes the linguistic phenomenon of anaphora; surveys the approaches to anaphora undertaken in theoretical linguistics and natural language processing (NLP); presents results of research conducted at Syracuse University on anaphora in information retrieval; and discusses the future of anaphora research in regard to information retrieval tasks.…

  2. Improving multimodal web accessibility for deaf people: sign language interpreter module

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Matjaž Debevc; Primož Kosec; Andreas Holzinger

    2011-01-01

    The World Wide Web is becoming increasingly necessary for everybody regardless of age, gender, culture, health and individual\\u000a disabilities. Unfortunately, there are evidently still problems for some deaf and hard of hearing people trying to use certain\\u000a web pages. These people require the translation of existing written information into their first language, which can be one\\u000a of many sign languages.

  3. Access to information in qualitative research. A matter of care.

    PubMed

    de la Cuesta Benjumea, Carmen

    2014-12-01

    In this article attention is focused on access to data; a process that tends to be taken for granted and which in practice takes time and energy from the person who investigates. Access implies a process of contacting key people in institutions; negotiating with them, being invited to obtain data, achieving formal permission, and--finally--constructing relationships with the participants. Access to data is negotiated, trust is constructed in relationships with study participants, and data is obtained. All this constitutes an interactive process in which the person who investigates is revealed as an instrument in obtaining the data. Thus, the appearance, manners, and the way of being of the person who investigates will facilitate access to broad and detailed information. PMID:25504414

  4. Challenges in Information Retrieval and Language Modeling

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Allen; J. Aslam; N. Belkin; C. Buckley; J. Callan; W. B. Croft; S. Dumais; N. Fuhr; D. Harman; D. J. Harper; D. Hiemstra; T. Hofmann; E. Hovey; W. Kraaij; J. Lafferty; V. Lavrenko; D. Lewis; L. Liddy; R. Manmatha; A. McCallum; J. Ponte; J. Prager; D. Radev; P. Resnik; S. E. Robertson; R. Rosenfeld; S. Roukos; M. Sanderson; R. Schwartz; A. Singhal; A. Smeaton; H. Turtle; E. M. Voorhees; R. Weischedel; J. Xu; B. C. Zhai

    2003-01-01

    Information retrieval (IR) research has reached a\\u000apoint where it is appropriate to assess progress and\\u000ato define a research agenda for the next five to ten\\u000ayears. This report summarizes a discussion of IR\\u000aresearch challenges that took place at a recent\\u000aworkshop.\\u000aThe attendees of the workshop considered\\u000ainformation retrieval research in a range of areas\\u000achosen to

  5. Onsrud, H.J., "Access to Geographic Information in the United States", Free accessibility of geo-information in the Netherlands, the United States, and the European Community,

    E-print Network

    Onsrud, Harlan J.

    of freedom of information, copyright, and privacy laws as they relate to access to geographic work productsOnsrud, H.J., "Access to Geographic Information in the United States", Free accessibility of geo-information in the Netherlands, the United States, and the European Community, Proceedings, Delft, Netherlands, Oct 2, 1998, pp

  6. Disclosure Control of Natural Language Information to Enable Secure and Enjoyable Communication over the Internet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kataoka, Haruno; Utsumi, Akira; Hirose, Yuki; Yoshiura, Hiroshi

    Disclosure control of natural language information (DCNL), which we are trying to realize, is described. DCNL will be used for securing human communications over the internet, such as through blogs and social network services. Before sentences in the communications are disclosed, they are checked by DCNL and any phrases that could reveal sensitive information are transformed or omitted so that they are no longer revealing. DCNL checks not only phrases that directly represent sensitive information but also those that indirectly suggest it. Combinations of phrases are also checked. DCNL automatically learns the knowledge of sensitive phrases and the suggestive relations between phrases by using co-occurrence analysis and Web retrieval. The users' burden is therefore minimized, i.e., they do not need to define many disclosure control rules. DCNL complements the traditional access control in the fields where reliability needs to be balanced with enjoyment and objects classes for the access control cannot be predefined.

  7. Enhancing Access to Drought Information Using the CUAHSI Hydrologic Information System

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schreuders, K. A.; Tarboton, D. G.; Horsburgh, J. S.; Sen Gupta, A.; Reeder, S.

    2011-12-01

    The National Drought Information System (NIDIS) Upper Colorado River Basin pilot study is investigating and establishing capabilities for better dissemination of drought information for early warning and management. As part of this study we are using and extending functionality from the Consortium of Universities for the Advancement of Hydrologic Science, Inc. (CUAHSI) Hydrologic Information System (HIS) to provide better access to drought-related data in the Upper Colorado River Basin. The CUAHSI HIS is a federated system for sharing hydrologic data. It is comprised of multiple data servers, referred to as HydroServers, that publish data in a standard XML format called Water Markup Language (WaterML), using web services referred to as WaterOneFlow web services. HydroServers can also publish geospatial data using Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) web map, feature and coverage services and are capable of hosting web and map applications that combine geospatial datasets with observational data served via web services. HIS also includes a centralized metadata catalog that indexes data from registered HydroServers and a data access client referred to as HydroDesktop. For NIDIS, we have established a HydroServer to publish drought index values as well as the input data used in drought index calculations. Primary input data required for drought index calculation include streamflow, precipitation, reservoir storages, snow water equivalent, and soil moisture. We have developed procedures to redistribute the input data to the time and space scales chosen for drought index calculation, namely half monthly time intervals for HUC 10 subwatersheds. The spatial redistribution approaches used for each input parameter are dependent on the spatial linkages for that parameter, i.e., the redistribution procedure for streamflow is dependent on the upstream/downstream connectivity of the stream network, and the precipitation redistribution procedure is dependent on elevation to account for orographic effects. A set of drought indices are then calculated from the redistributed data. We have created automated data and metadata harvesters that periodically scan and harvest new data from each of the input databases, and calculates extensions to the resulting derived data sets, ensuring that the data available on the drought server is kept up to date. This paper will describe this system, showing how it facilitates the integration of data from multiple sources to inform the planning and management of water resources during drought. The system may be accessed at http://drought.usu.edu.

  8. A Delivery System for Easy Access to Career Information.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Minor, Carole W.; And Others

    The purpose of this paper is to describe the development and operation of a unique cataloging and access system used in the Curricular-Career Information Service (CCIS) at Florida State University. Although this system was designed to serve a University population it could easily be adapted for use in secondary schools or other agencies having…

  9. Cross-language information retrieval using PARAFAC2.

    SciTech Connect

    Bader, Brett William; Chew, Peter; Abdelali, Ahmed (New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM); Kolda, Tamara Gibson

    2007-05-01

    A standard approach to cross-language information retrieval (CLIR) uses Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA) in conjunction with a multilingual parallel aligned corpus. This approach has been shown to be successful in identifying similar documents across languages - or more precisely, retrieving the most similar document in one language to a query in another language. However, the approach has severe drawbacks when applied to a related task, that of clustering documents 'language-independently', so that documents about similar topics end up closest to one another in the semantic space regardless of their language. The problem is that documents are generally more similar to other documents in the same language than they are to documents in a different language, but on the same topic. As a result, when using multilingual LSA, documents will in practice cluster by language, not by topic. We propose a novel application of PARAFAC2 (which is a variant of PARAFAC, a multi-way generalization of the singular value decomposition [SVD]) to overcome this problem. Instead of forming a single multilingual term-by-document matrix which, under LSA, is subjected to SVD, we form an irregular three-way array, each slice of which is a separate term-by-document matrix for a single language in the parallel corpus. The goal is to compute an SVD for each language such that V (the matrix of right singular vectors) is the same across all languages. Effectively, PARAFAC2 imposes the constraint, not present in standard LSA, that the 'concepts' in all documents in the parallel corpus are the same regardless of language. Intuitively, this constraint makes sense, since the whole purpose of using a parallel corpus is that exactly the same concepts are expressed in the translations. We tested this approach by comparing the performance of PARAFAC2 with standard LSA in solving a particular CLIR problem. From our results, we conclude that PARAFAC2 offers a very promising alternative to LSA not only for multilingual document clustering, but also for solving other problems in cross-language information retrieval.

  10. Evidence-Informed Leadership in the Japanese Context: Middle Managers at a University Self-Access Center

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adamson, John; Brown, Howard

    2012-01-01

    This study reports on the steering of a self-access learning center in a Japanese university by its "middle management" committee over the first years of its operation. Middle management practice was informed by an ethnographic archive of various facets of center use, particularly concerning language policy and curriculum integration, issues about…

  11. MODELLING ACCESS CONTROL FOR HEALTHCARE INFORMATION SYSTEMS How to control access through policies, human processes and legislation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Luís Antunes

    The widening use of Information Systems, which allow the collection, extraction, storage, management and search of information, is increasing the need for information security. After a user is successfully identified and authenticated to a system, he needs to be authorised to access the resources he\\/she requested. Access control is part of this last process that checks if a user can

  12. 36 CFR 1256.70 - What controls access to national security-classified information?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...access to national security-classified information? 1256.70 Section...Containing National Security-Classified Information § 1256.70 What...access to national security-classified information? (a) The...

  13. 36 CFR 1256.70 - What controls access to national security-classified information?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...access to national security-classified information? 1256.70 Section...Containing National Security-Classified Information § 1256.70 What...access to national security-classified information? (a) The...

  14. 36 CFR 1256.70 - What controls access to national security-classified information?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...access to national security-classified information? 1256.70 Section...Containing National Security-Classified Information § 1256.70 What...access to national security-classified information? (a) The...

  15. 36 CFR 1256.70 - What controls access to national security-classified information?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...access to national security-classified information? 1256.70 Section...Containing National Security-Classified Information § 1256.70 What...access to national security-classified information? (a) The...

  16. 28 CFR 20.34 - Individual's right to access criminal history record information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...Individual's right to access criminal history record information. 20.34 Section...Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.34 Individual's right to access criminal history record information. The...

  17. 28 CFR 20.34 - Individual's right to access criminal history record information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...Individual's right to access criminal history record information. 20.34 Section...Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.34 Individual's right to access criminal history record information. The...

  18. 28 CFR 20.34 - Individual's right to access criminal history record information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...Individual's right to access criminal history record information. 20.34 Section...Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.34 Individual's right to access criminal history record information. The...

  19. 28 CFR 20.34 - Individual's right to access criminal history record information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...Individual's right to access criminal history record information. 20.34 Section...Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.34 Individual's right to access criminal history record information. The...

  20. 28 CFR 20.34 - Individual's right to access criminal history record information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...Individual's right to access criminal history record information. 20.34 Section...Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.34 Individual's right to access criminal history record information. The...

  1. 39 CFR 255.4 - Accessibility to electronic and information technology.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...Accessibility to electronic and information technology. 255.4 Section 255.4 Postal...FACILITIES, AND ELECTRONIC AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY § 255.4 Accessibility to electronic and information technology. (a) In accordance with...

  2. 39 CFR 255.4 - Accessibility to electronic and information technology.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...Accessibility to electronic and information technology. 255.4 Section 255.4 Postal...FACILITIES, AND ELECTRONIC AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY § 255.4 Accessibility to electronic and information technology. (a) In accordance with...

  3. 39 CFR 255.4 - Accessibility to electronic and information technology.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...Accessibility to electronic and information technology. 255.4 Section 255.4 Postal...FACILITIES, AND ELECTRONIC AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY § 255.4 Accessibility to electronic and information technology. (a) In accordance with...

  4. 16 CFR 6.152 - Program accessibility: Electronic and information technology.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...accessibility: Electronic and information technology. 6.152 Section 6.152 Commercial...accessibility: Electronic and information technology. (a) When developing, procuring...or using electronic and information technology, the Commission shall ensure,...

  5. 39 CFR 255.4 - Accessibility to electronic and information technology.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...Accessibility to electronic and information technology. 255.4 Section 255.4 Postal...FACILITIES, AND ELECTRONIC AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY § 255.4 Accessibility to electronic and information technology. (a) In accordance with...

  6. 16 CFR 6.152 - Program accessibility: Electronic and information technology.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...accessibility: Electronic and information technology. 6.152 Section 6.152 Commercial...accessibility: Electronic and information technology. (a) When developing, procuring...or using electronic and information technology, the Commission shall ensure,...

  7. 39 CFR 255.4 - Accessibility to electronic and information technology.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...Accessibility to electronic and information technology. 255.4 Section 255.4 Postal...FACILITIES, AND ELECTRONIC AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY § 255.4 Accessibility to electronic and information technology. (a) In accordance with...

  8. 12 CFR 261.16 - Request for access to confidential commercial or financial information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... false Request for access to confidential commercial or financial information...261.16 Request for access to confidential commercial or financial information. (a) Request for confidential information. A request by a...

  9. 5 CFR 1204.14 - Requests for access to confidential commercial information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 false Requests for access to confidential commercial information. 1204.14...1204.14 Requests for access to confidential commercial information. (a) General. Confidential commercial information...

  10. 12 CFR 261.16 - Request for access to confidential commercial or financial information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... false Request for access to confidential commercial or financial information...261.16 Request for access to confidential commercial or financial information. (a) Request for confidential information. A request by a...

  11. 5 CFR 1204.14 - Requests for access to confidential commercial information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 false Requests for access to confidential commercial information. 1204.14...1204.14 Requests for access to confidential commercial information. (a) General. Confidential commercial information...

  12. 5 CFR 1204.14 - Requests for access to confidential commercial information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 false Requests for access to confidential commercial information. 1204.14...1204.14 Requests for access to confidential commercial information. (a) General. Confidential commercial information...

  13. 5 CFR 1204.14 - Requests for access to confidential commercial information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 false Requests for access to confidential commercial information. 1204.14...1204.14 Requests for access to confidential commercial information. (a) General. Confidential commercial information...

  14. 5 CFR 1204.14 - Requests for access to confidential commercial information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 false Requests for access to confidential commercial information. 1204.14...1204.14 Requests for access to confidential commercial information. (a) General. Confidential commercial information...

  15. 19 CFR 356.11 - Procedures for obtaining access to privileged information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...for obtaining access to privileged information. 356.11 Section 356.11...AGREEMENT Proprietary and Privileged Information § 356.11 Procedures for obtaining access to privileged information. (a) Persons who may apply...

  16. 12 CFR 352.5 - Accessibility to electronic and information technology.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...Accessibility to electronic and information technology. 352.5 Section 352...Accessibility to electronic and information technology. (a) In accordance...that the electronic and information technology the agency develops,...

  17. Information Technologies: Access to Solutions for Sustainable Human Development

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The United Nations Development Program (UNDP) has recently launched Knowledge Broker, a Web portal that provides development experts, government agencies, and private organizations with centralized "access to knowledge, practical solutions, and best practices" for using information technologies to promote sustainable human development. Knowledge Broker interconnects three Websites: INFO21, the Sustainable Development Networking Programme (SDNP), and the HORIZON Communications Solutions Site. INFO21 functions as UNDP's online resource center for information on the relationship between sustainable human development and communications technologies. The SDNP, also a UNDP site, supports connectivity and information-sharing in developing countries. And the HORIZON site, a collaborative project produced by several development research centers, offers "readily accessible peer-reviewed answers to problems in environment, health, population, and development."

  18. VPQ: A Spoken Language Interface to Large Scale Directory Information

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alicai Abella; Bruce Buntschuh; Giuseppe DiFabbrizio; Candace A. Kamm; Mehryar Mohri; Shrikanth Narayanan; Steve Marcus; Douglas Sharp

    1998-01-01

    This paper describes VPQ (Voice Post Query), a dialog system that provides spoken access to the information in the AT&T corporate personnel database (>120,000 entries). An explicit design goal is to have the user's initial interaction with the system be rather unconstrained and to rely on tighter, prompt constrained, dialog only when absolutely necessary. The purpose of VPQ is both

  19. 76 FR 54283 - 30-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collections: Language Learning Survey Questions

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-31

    ...of Proposed Information Collections: Language Learning Survey Questions ACTION: Notice... Title of Information Collection: Language Learning Programs: Pre Program Survey...exchange programs that focus on critical language learning instruction. Estimated...

  20. 77 FR 65927 - 60-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Office of Language Services Contractor...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-31

    ...Proposed Information Collection: Office of Language Services Contractor Application Form...Mail: Department of State, Office of Language Services SA- 1, Fourteenth Floor...of Information Collection: Office of Language Services Contractor Application...

  1. 34 CFR 303.401 - Definitions of consent, native language, and personally identifiable information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...false Definitions of consent, native language, and personally identifiable information...401 Definitions of consent, native language, and personally identifiable information...consent is sought, in the parent's native language or other mode of...

  2. 34 CFR 303.401 - Definitions of consent, native language, and personally identifiable information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...true Definitions of consent, native language, and personally identifiable information...401 Definitions of consent, native language, and personally identifiable information...consent is sought, in the parent's native language or other mode of...

  3. The efficiency of information transmission of sign and spoken language.

    PubMed

    Ortiz, Isabel R Rodríguez; Roche, Joaquín Mora

    2008-01-01

    Rhe study compares sign and oral language in terms of information transmission efficiency. The sample consisted of 36 hearing people with no knowledge of sign language and 36 deaf people reasonably fluent in sign language. (The deaf participants' level of hearing loss ranged from severe to profound.) Oral and sign language comprehension was assessed by means of texts at three different difficulty levels. After being exposed to the texts, the study participants had to tell what they had understood about them, answer a set of related questions, and offer a title for each text. When the hearing group's comprehension of oral versions of the texts was compared to the deaf group's comprehension of signed versions, the deaf group showed better comprehension of the explicit content of the texts but added more invented content and made more errors. PMID:18488536

  4. Accessing Wind Tunnels From NASA's Information Power Grid

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Becker, Jeff; Biegel, Bryan (Technical Monitor)

    2002-01-01

    The NASA Ames wind tunnel customers are one of the first users of the Information Power Grid (IPG) storage system at the NASA Advanced Supercomputing Division. We wanted to be able to store their data on the IPG so that it could be accessed remotely in a secure but timely fashion. In addition, incorporation into the IPG allows future use of grid computational resources, e.g., for post-processing of data, or to do side-by-side CFD validation. In this paper, we describe the integration of grid data access mechanisms with the existing DARWIN web-based system that is used to access wind tunnel test data. We also show that the combined system has reasonable performance: wind tunnel data may be retrieved at 50Mbits/s over a 100 base T network connected to the IPG storage server.

  5. Foreign Language Teachers' Professional Development in Information Age

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fan, Xiying; Wu, Gang

    Cultivation of students' learning autonomy has raised new challenges to teachers' professional development, dynamic, continuous, lifelong full-scale development, with emphasis on the creativity and constancy of the teachers' quality development. The teachers' professional development can take the following approaches: studying theories about foreign language teaching with the aid of modern information technology; organizing online teaching research activities supported by information technology and carrying peer observation and dialogue -teaching reflection in internet environment and fostering scholarly teachers.

  6. AIM Access Request Access to confidential student information is protected under the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA), and

    E-print Network

    Hart, Gus

    AIM Access Request Access to confidential student information is protected under the Family the FERPAtraining video and sign a confidentiality statement. The confidentiality statement must be included when submitting this form. If the confidentiality statement is not submitted, access will not be granted. Please

  7. Ontological User Profiling and Language Modeling for Personalized Information Services

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. F. So; Chapmann C. L. Lai; Raymond Y. K. Lau

    2009-01-01

    With the explosive growth of the information and services deployed to the Web, there is a pressing need to develop an effective service for personalized services discovery and recommendation. Despite personalized services discovery methods have been studied by researchers before, few attempts have been made to explore ontological user profiling and probabilistic language modeling approach for service contextualization and service

  8. Language features for flexible handling of exceptions in information systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alexander Borgida

    1985-01-01

    An exception-handling facility suitable for languages used to implement database-intensive information systems is presented. Such a mechanism facilitates the development and maintenance of more flexible software systems by supporting the abstraction of details concerning special or abnormal occurrences. The type constraints imposed by the schema as well as various semantic integrity assertions are considered to be normalcy conditions, and the

  9. Conversing with management information systems in a natural language

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert W. Blanning

    1984-01-01

    Wouldn't it make life easier if people could communicate with a management information system in everyday language? In fact, there are already available a number of systems that allow users to do this with MISs that retrieve and display stored data and perform simple calculations. But what about being able to converse naturally with MISs that contain decision models?

  10. Using social annotations to improve language model for information retrieval

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shengliang Xu; Shenghua Bao; Yunbo Cao; Yong Yu

    2007-01-01

    This poster is concerned with the problem of exploring the use of social annotations for improving language models for information retrieval (denoted as LMIR). Two properties of social annotations, namely keyword property and structure property are studied for this aim. The keyword property improves LMIR by concatenating all the annotations of a document to generate a summary of the document.

  11. Information Status and Word Order in Croatian Sign Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Milkovic, Marina; Bradaric-Joncic, Sandra; Wilbur, Ronnie B.

    2007-01-01

    This paper presents the results of research on information structure and word order in narrative sentences taken from signed short stories in Croatian Sign Language (HZJ). The basic word order in HZJ is SVO. Factors that result in other word orders include: reversible arguments, verb categories, locative constructions, contrastive focus, and prior…

  12. Cross-national information policy conflict regarding access to information: building a conceptual framework

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lei Zheng

    2007-01-01

    This paper addresses cross-national information policy conflict regarding access to information. This type of information policy conflict appears more complex and controversial than conflicts within one country's territory. The paper attempts to explore the nature of this cross-national conflict. The responses of the US and Chinese governments and the practices of three multinational companies Yahoo, Microsoft and Google are studied

  13. Application of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Health Information Access and Dissemination in Uganda

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Omona, Walter; Ikoja-Odongo, Robert

    2006-01-01

    This paper reports on a study which assessed the application of information and communication technologies (ICT) in health information access and dissemination in Uganda. The project focused not only on information obtainable through libraries for research, teaching, learning and practice, but also on ICT applications concerned with the…

  14. Avoiding the Target Language with the Help of Google: Managing Language Choices in Gathering Information for EFL Project Work

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Musk, Nigel

    2014-01-01

    The integration of translation tools into the Google search engine has led to a huge increase in the visibility and accessibility of such tools, with potentially far-reaching implications for the English language classroom. Although these translation tools are the focus of this study, using them is in fact only one way in which English language

  15. The Influence of Sentence Context and Accented Speech on Lexical Access in Second-Language Auditory Word Recognition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lagrou, Evelyne; Harsuiker, Robert J.; Duyck, Wouter

    2013-01-01

    Until now, research on bilingual auditory word recognition has been scarce, and although most studies agree that lexical access is language-nonselective, there is less consensus with respect to the influence of potentially constraining factors. The present study investigated the influence of three possible constraints. We tested whether language

  16. [Inequities in access to information and inequities in health].

    PubMed

    Filho, Alberto Pellegrini

    2002-01-01

    This piece presents evidence that inequities in information are an important determinant of health inequities and that eliminating these inequities in access to information, especially by using new information and communication technologies (ICTs), could represent a significant advance in terms of guaranteeing the right to health for all. The piece reviews the most important international scientific research findings on the determinants of the health of populations, emphasizing the role of socioeconomic inequities and of deteriorating social capital as factors that worsen health conditions. It is noteworthy that Latin America has both socioeconomic inequities and major sectors of the population living in poverty. Among the fundamental strategies for overcoming the inequalities and the poverty are greater participation by the poor in civic life and the strengthening of social capital. The contribution that the new ICTs could make to these strategies is analyzed, and the Virtual Health Library (VHL) is discussed. Coordinated by the Latin American and Caribbean Center on Health Sciences Information (BIREME), the VHL is a contribution by the Pan American Health Organization that takes advantage of the potential of ICTs to democratize information and knowledge and consequently promote equity in health. The "digital gap" is discussed as something that can produce inequity itself and also increase other inequities, including ones in health. Prospects are discussed for overcoming this gap, emphasizing the role that governments and international organizations should play in order to expand access to the global public good that information for social development is. PMID:12162837

  17. 75 FR 35451 - Access by EPA Contractors To Information Claimed as Confidential Business Information (CBI...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-22

    ...also provided through Grant Number CQ-833436, the National Association for Hispanic Elderly (NAHE), 234 E. Colorado Blvd., Suite 300, Pasadena, California 91101. Access to data related to EMTS, including information claimed as...

  18. Section 508 Electronic Information Accessibility Requirements for Software Development

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ellis, Rebecca

    2014-01-01

    Section 508 Subpart B 1194.21 outlines requirements for operating system and software development in order to create a product that is accessible to users with various disabilities. This portion of Section 508 contains a variety of standards to enable those using assistive technology and with visual, hearing, cognitive and motor difficulties to access all information provided in software. The focus on requirements was limited to the Microsoft Windows® operating system as it is the predominant operating system used at this center. Compliance with this portion of the requirements can be obtained by integrating the requirements into the software development cycle early and by remediating issues in legacy software if possible. There are certain circumstances with software that may arise necessitating an exemption from these requirements, such as design or engineering software using dynamically changing graphics or numbers to convey information. These exceptions can be discussed with the Section 508 Coordinator and another method of accommodation used.

  19. Using the information resource dictionary system command language

    SciTech Connect

    Goldfine, A.

    1985-04-01

    This document introduces and provides examples of the Command Language of the draft proposed Information Resource Dictionary System (IRDS). A dictionary maintained by the US Air Force is defined in the IRDS and used as a continuing example throughout the document. The dictionary is populated, manipulated, and reported on using the precise syntax of the Command Language. An appendix to the document provides a complete listing of the creation of the example. Other appendices provide indices of all command appearances and all clause appearances.

  20. Programmatic access to data and information at the IRIS DMC via web services

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Weertman, B. R.; Trabant, C.; Karstens, R.; Suleiman, Y. Y.; Ahern, T. K.; Casey, R.; Benson, R. B.

    2011-12-01

    The IRIS Data Management Center (DMC) has developed a suite of web services that provide access to the DMC's time series holdings, their related metadata and earthquake catalogs. In addition, services are available to perform simple, on-demand time series processing at the DMC prior to being shipped to the user. The primary goal is to provide programmatic access to data and processing services in a manner usable by and useful to the research community. The web services are relatively simple to understand and use and will form the foundation on which future DMC access tools will be built. Based on standard Web technologies they can be accessed programmatically with a wide range of programming languages (e.g. Perl, Python, Java), command line utilities such as wget and curl or with any web browser. We anticipate these services being used for everything from simple command line access, used in shell scripts and higher programming languages to being integrated within complex data processing software. In addition to improving access to our data by the seismological community the web services will also make our data more accessible to other disciplines. The web services available from the DMC include ws-bulkdataselect for the retrieval of large volumes of miniSEED data, ws-timeseries for the retrieval of individual segments of time series data in a variety of formats (miniSEED, SAC, ASCII, audio WAVE, and PNG plots) with optional signal processing, ws-station for station metadata in StationXML format, ws-resp for the retrieval of instrument response in RESP format, ws-sacpz for the retrieval of sensor response in the SAC poles and zeros convention and ws-event for the retrieval of earthquake catalogs. To make the services even easier to use, the DMC is developing a library that allows Java programmers to seamlessly retrieve and integrate DMC information into their own programs. The library will handle all aspects of dealing with the services and will parse the returned data. By using this library a developer will not need to learn the details of the service interfaces or understand the data formats returned. This library will be used to build the software bridge needed to request data and information from within MATLAB°. We also provide several client scripts written in Perl for the retrieval of waveform data, metadata and earthquake catalogs using command line programs. For more information on the DMC's web services please visit http://www.iris.edu/ws/

  1. 77 FR 44224 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Eastern Research Group, Incorporated

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-27

    ...AGENCY [FRL-9706-2] Access to Confidential Business Information by Eastern Research Group, Incorporated AGENCY: Environmental Protection...Incorporated (ERG) to access Confidential Business Information (CBI) which has been...

  2. 45 CFR 164.524 - Access of individuals to protected health information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...false Access of individuals to protected health information. 164.524 Section 164.524 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES ADMINISTRATIVE DATA... Privacy of Individually Identifiable Health Information § 164.524 Access...

  3. 77 FR 12284 - Access to Confidential Business Information; Protection Strategies Incorporated

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-29

    ...EPA-HQ-OPPT-2003-0004; FRL-9340 -3] Access to Confidential Business Information; Protection...may be claimed or determined to be Confidential Business Information (CBI). DATES: Access to the confidential data occurred on or about...

  4. Urban girls, internet use, and accessing health information

    PubMed

    Borzekowski; Rickert

    2000-05-01

    Background: With the burgeoning growth of the Internet, many have raised concerns over whether and how underserved populations might be included in the Information Revolution. This study examines how urban adolescent girls access the Internet and whether it is a viable source for health information.Methods: During Fall 1999 in New York City, 176 girls completed an anonymous survey where half were from a private high school (N = 86) and the other half were patients at a health clinic serving ethnically diverse and disadvantaged youth (N = 90). Data were analyzed to provide information on how urban girls use the Internet.Results: Internet use was widespread; 99% of the high school and 83% of the clinic girls said they used this medium (p <.001). On frequency, 32% of high school girls compared to 13% of the clinic girls used the Internet 6-7 days/wk (p <.001). Among the high school girls, 30% indicated that they used the Internet less than 30 min/wk and another 18% reported using the Internet more than 5 hrs/wk. Among clinic girls, 51% used the Internet less than 30 min/wk while 9% reported more than 5 hrs/wk. Comfort levels differed with 20% of the high school compared to 10% of the clinic girls reporting "extreme" comfort using the Internet (p <.001).Urban girls accessed the Web from multiple locales. Almost all (98%) of the high school girls compared to 45% of the clinic girls reported that they used the Internet from home (p <.001). Most high school girls (82%) used the Internet at school compared to 63% of the clinic girls currently in school (p <.05). More clinic girls used the Internet at another family member's house (28% vs. 14%, p <.05). Similar percentages of high school and clinic girls used the Internet at a friend's house (46%), the library (31%), or a community center (3%).With similar rates among high school and clinic girls, 44% reported that they had tried to get health information from the Web. Of these (N = 74), 50% said that they got information on different diseases, 43% on diet/nutrition, 34% on fitness/exercise, 26% on sex, 24% on alcohol/drug abuse, 20% on mental health, 14% on medicines, 12% on violence among peers, 10% on parenting, 8% on violence among dating partners, 7% on tobacco and smoking, 7% on emotional or physical abuse, 3% on sexual abuse, and 1% on illness support groups. Clinic girls were more likely to have tried to get information on sex (p <. 001) and parenting (p <.001) from the Web. Many girls (59%) indicated that it was "very" or "extremely" worthwhile to have general health information on the Web, with no significant differences between high school and clinic girls. As well, 71% and 62% said it was "very" or "extremely" worthwhile to have access to contraceptive and diet/nutrition information, respectively. Conclusions. High school girls, as anticipated, were technologically savvy. Somewhat surprising, however, were the clinic girls' high levels of Internet use and access. Significant differences revealed that the high school girls were more on-line than clinic girls, but clinic girls were still using the Web frequently. A considerable number or urban girls had tried to get a range of health information from the Internet. This study offers promising statistics on how urban adolescent girls are accessing and using the Internet, especially for health information. PMID:10869986

  5. Advanced Programming Languages Seminar Language-Based Security and

    E-print Network

    Myers, Andrew C.

    CS 711 Advanced Programming Languages Seminar Language-Based Security and Information Flow Fall security requirements? ­ Formal validation ­ Scalable, modular analysis · How should security requirements the core unless you are a reactor supervisor" ­ Principals/authentication ­ Capabilities ­ Static access

  6. Attacking the information access problem with expert systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ragusa, James M.; Orwig, Gary W.

    1991-01-01

    The results of applications research directed at finding an improved method of storing and accessing information are presented. Twelve microcomputer-based expert systems shells and five laser-optical formats have been studied, and the general and specific methods of interfacing these technologies are being tested in prototype systems. Shell features and interfacing capabilities are discussed, and results from the study of five laser-optical formats are recounted including the video laser, compact, and WORM disks, and laser cards and film. Interfacing, including laser disk device driver interfacing, is discussed and it is pointed out that in order to control the laser device from within the expert systems application, the expert systems shell must be able to access the device driver software. Potential integrated applications are investigated and an initial list is provided including consumer services, travel, law enforcement, human resources, marketing, and education and training.

  7. Informativeness of the Spoken Narratives of Younger and Older Adolescents with Specific Language Impairment and Their Counterparts with Normal Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reed, Vicki A.; Patchell, Frederick C.; Coggins, Truman E.; Hand, Linda S.

    2007-01-01

    A large body of literature describing the narrative skills of young children with and without language impairments exists. However, there has been only limited study of the informativeness of narratives of adolescents with normally developing language (NL) and those of adolescents with specific language impairment (SLI), even though narratives…

  8. 10 CFR 110.121 - Security clearances and access to classified information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 false Security clearances and access to classified information. 110.121... § 110.121 Security clearances and access to classified information. (a) No person...will not grant security clearances for access to classified information, unless it...

  9. 10 CFR 110.121 - Security clearances and access to classified information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 false Security clearances and access to classified information. 110.121... § 110.121 Security clearances and access to classified information. (a) No person...will not grant security clearances for access to classified information, unless it...

  10. 10 CFR 110.121 - Security clearances and access to classified information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 false Security clearances and access to classified information. 110.121... § 110.121 Security clearances and access to classified information. (a) No person...will not grant security clearances for access to classified information, unless it...

  11. 10 CFR 110.121 - Security clearances and access to classified information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 false Security clearances and access to classified information. 110.121... § 110.121 Security clearances and access to classified information. (a) No person...will not grant security clearances for access to classified information, unless it...

  12. Improving access to health information for older migrants by using grounded theory and social network analysis to understand their information behaviour and digital technology use.

    PubMed

    Goodall, K T; Newman, L A; Ward, P R

    2014-11-01

    Migrant well-being can be strongly influenced by the migration experience and subsequent degree of mainstream language acquisition. There is little research on how older Culturally And Linguistically Diverse (CALD) migrants who have 'aged in place' find health information, and the role which digital technology plays in this. Although the research for this paper was not focused on cancer, we draw out implications for providing cancer-related information to this group. We interviewed 54 participants (14 men and 40 women) aged 63-94 years, who were born in Italy or Greece, and who migrated to Australia mostly as young adults after World War II. Constructivist grounded theory and social network analysis were used for data analysis. Participants identified doctors, adult children, local television, spouse, local newspaper and radio as the most important information sources. They did not generally use computers, the Internet or mobile phones to access information. Literacy in their birth language, and the degree of proficiency in understanding and using English, influenced the range of information sources accessed and the means used. The ways in which older CALD migrants seek and access information has important implications for how professionals and policymakers deliver relevant information to them about cancer prevention, screening, support and treatment, particularly as information and resources are moved online as part of e-health. PMID:25250535

  13. Information extraction for enhanced access to disease outbreak reports.

    PubMed

    Grishman, Ralph; Huttunen, Silja; Yangarber, Roman

    2002-08-01

    Document search is generally based on individual terms in the document. However, for collections within limited domains it is possible to provide more powerful access tools. This paper describes a system designed for collections of reports of infectious disease outbreaks. The system, Proteus-BIO, automatically creates a table of outbreaks, with each table entry linked to the document describing that outbreak; this makes it possible to use database operations such as selection and sorting to find relevant documents. Proteus-BIO consists of a Web crawler which gathers relevant documents; an information extraction engine which converts the individual outbreak events to a tabular database; and a database browser which provides access to the events and, through them, to the documents. The information extraction engine uses sets of patterns and word classes to extract the information about each event. Preparing these patterns and word classes has been a time-consuming manual operation in the past, but automated discovery tools now make this task significantly easier. A small study comparing the effectiveness of the tabular index with conventional Web search tools demonstrated that users can find substantially more documents in a given time period with Proteus-BIO. PMID:12755518

  14. 75 FR 10225 - Office of Postsecondary Education; Overview Information; Language Resource Centers Program...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-05

    ...Postsecondary Education; Overview Information; Language Resource Centers Program; Notice Inviting...Description Purpose of Program: The Language Resource Centers (LRC) program provides...capacity for teaching and learning foreign languages. Priorities: This notice contains...

  15. Access to Max '91 information via computer networks

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kiplinger, Alan L.

    1989-01-01

    Various types of flare information, activity, active region reports, x ray plots and daily Campaign Action notices are now available on SPAN, and INTERNET. Although this system was developed for use by Max '91 participants during campaigns, it is updated daily and maintained at times outside of campaigns. Thus it is available for general use outside of campaigns. The Space Environment Laboratory maintains VAX and Apollo systems, both of which are on INTERNET. The VAX is also on the SPAN network as node SELVAX or 9555. Details of access to files on the VAX are given.

  16. A distributed intelligent information system with natural language input for ad hoc knowledge discovery in databases

    SciTech Connect

    Fass, D.; Hall, G.; Laurens, O.; McFetridge, P.; Popowich, F.; Rueden, M. von [Simon Fraser Univ., Burnaby, British Columbia (Canada)

    1996-11-01

    A distributed information system is described which features a graphic user interface incorporating natural language input and which provides ad hoc knowledge discovery in relational databases. The system is comprised of multiple processes which communicate with each other over a network. The knowledge discovery process involves extracting generalizations from data using background knowledge in the form of concept hierarchies and a learning procedure based upon an attribute-oriented induction technique. The natural language understanding process is a parser based on Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar (HPSG), a modern lexicon-based grammar formalism better equipped than older rule-based approaches for handling the often idiosyncratic behavior of words. To generate semantic interpretations, the parser makes use of a process which orders logical access paths in unnormalized databases based on the strength of their dependency structures and on their efficiency of execution.

  17. A Domain Speci c Lexicon Acquisition Tool for Cross-Language Information Retrieval

    E-print Network

    Hiemstra, Djoerd

    A Domain Speci c Lexicon Acquisition Tool for Cross-Language Information Retrieval Djoerd Hiemstra Acquisition, Parallel Corpora, Statistical Natural Language Processing, Cross-Language Information Retrieval interest in supporting tools for cross-language retrieval. In this paper we describe a disclosure

  18. U.S. Government Publications: Their Value, Online Accessibility for International Information Needs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Usdane, Bernice S.

    1980-01-01

    Classifies the types of online databases available through System Development Corporation (ORBIT) and Lockheed Information Systems (DIALOG) that access government information; briefly describes those which include access to government sources; and discusses in greater depth five databases which exclusively access U.S. Federal Government Documents.…

  19. Accessibility of Health Information on the Internet to the Visually Impaired User

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marc Lüchtenberg; Claudia Kuhli-Hattenbach; Yesim Sinangin; Christian Ohrloff; Rainer Schalnus

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: Web sites containing health information should be accessible to visually impaired persons. Methods: 139 web sites containing medical information addressing laymen or patients were evaluated with respect to their accessibility. A quantitative checklist which is based upon the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) was used. Results: Only 18% (15 sites) achieved WAI (Web

  20. A Bibliometric Study of Scholarly Articles Published by Library and Information Science Authors about Open Access

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grandbois, Jennifer; Beheshti, Jamshid

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: This study aims to gain a greater understanding of the development of open access practices amongst library and information science authors, since their role is integral to the success of the broader open access movement. Method: Data were collected from scholarly articles about open access by library and information science authors…

  1. Accessibility of the Nondominant Language in Picture Naming: A Counterintuitive Effect of Dementia on Bilingual Language Production

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gollan, Tamar H.; Salmon, David P.; Montoya, Rosa I.; da Pena, Eileen

    2010-01-01

    The current study tested the assumption that bilinguals with dementia regress to using primarily the dominant language. Spanish-English bilinguals with probable Alzheimer's disease (AD; n = 29), and matched bilingual controls (n = 42) named Boston Naming Test pictures in their dominant and nondominant languages. Surprisingly, differences between…

  2. Results of an assessment of information needs among speech-language pathologists and audiologists in Idaho*

    PubMed Central

    Guo, Ruiling; Bain, Barbara A.; Willer, Janene

    2008-01-01

    Objectives: The research assesses the information needs of speech-language pathologists (SLPs) and audiologists in Idaho and identifies specific needs for training in evidence-based practice (EBP) principles and searching EBP resources. Methods: A survey was developed to assess knowledge and skills in accessing information. Questionnaires were distributed to 217 members of the Idaho Speech-Language-Hearing Association, who were given multiple options to return the assessment survey (web, email, mail). Data were analyzed descriptively and statistically. Results: The total response rate was 38.7% (84/217). Of the respondents, 87.0% (73/84) indicated insufficient knowledge and skills to search PubMed. Further, 47.6% (40/84) indicated limited knowledge of EBP. Of professionals responding, 52.4% (44/84) reported interest in learning more about EBP and 47.6% (40/84) reported interest in learning to search PubMed. SLPs and audiologists who graduated within the last 10 years were more likely to respond online, while those graduating prior to that time preferred to respond via hard copy. Discussions/Conclusion: More effort should be made to ensure that SLPs and audiologists develop skills in locating information to support their practice. Results from this information needs assessment were used to design a training and outreach program on EBP and EBP database searching for SLPs and audiologists in Idaho. PMID:18379669

  3. Language Micro-gaming: Fun and Informal Microblogging Activities for Language Learning

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Perifanou, Maria A.

    'Learning is an active process of constructing rather than acquiring knowledge and instruction is a process of supporting that construction rather than communicating knowledge' [1]. Can this process of learning be fun for the learner? Successful learning involves a mixture of work and fun. One of the recent web 2.0 services that can offer great possibilities for learning is Microblogging [2]. This kind of motivation can raise students' natural curiosity and interest which promotes learning. Play can also promote excitement, enjoyment, and a relaxing atmosphere. As Vygotsky (1933) [3] advocates, play creates a zone of proximal development (ZDP) in children. According to Vygotsky, the ZDP is the distance between one's actual developmental level and one's potential developmental level when interacting with someone and/or something in the social environment [4]. Play can be highly influential in learning. What happens when play becomes informal learning supported by web 2.0 technologies? Practical ideas applied in an Italian foreign language classroom using microblogging to promote fun and informal learning showed that microblogging can enhance motivation, participation, collaboration and practice in basic language skills.

  4. Accessible Multimodal Web Pages with Sign Language Translations for Deaf and Hard of Hearing Users

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Matjaz Debevc; Primoz Kosec; Milan Rotovnik; Andreas Holzinger

    2009-01-01

    In this paper, we introduce a sign language interpreter module (SLIM), which delivers transparent sign language videos to deaf and hard of hearing users. Since their first language is the sign language, they rely on the visual modality with some speech input. Therefore in addition to text and images, a video of sign language interpreter should be provided. The SLIM

  5. Success story in software engineering using NIAM (Natural language Information Analysis Methodology)

    SciTech Connect

    Eaton, S.M.; Eaton, D.S.

    1995-10-01

    To create an information system, we employ NIAM (Natural language Information Analysis Methodology). NIAM supports the goals of both the customer and the analyst completely understanding the information. We use the customer`s own unique vocabulary, collect real examples, and validate the information in natural language sentences. Examples are discussed from a successfully implemented information system.

  6. Stanford University: Center for the Study of Language and Information

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Center for the Study of Language and Information (CSLI) "is devoted to research in the emerging science of information, computing, and cognition." This "new science" is an interdisciplinary project that developed through a shared interest among computer scientists, linguists, logicians, philosophers, psychologists, and artificial intelligence researchers "in how agents, whether biological or artificial, acquire, process, and convey information." The Center, initiated by researchers from Stanford, SRI International, and Xerox PARC, now also collaborates with researchers from other universities, laboratories, and companies around the world. The website provides information on projects from the Interface Laboratory and the Research in the Cognitive Sciences program. Projects from the Interface Laboratory "constitute a concerted effort at CSLI to address human/computer interface problems emerging in the world of telecommunications, information processing, and consumer electronics." Research in the Cognitive Sciences program addresses interdisciplinary projects that cover a range of topics in computer science, linguistics, logic and semantics, philosophy, psychology, and education. The Publications section includes proceedings from annual conferences, a few older technical reports, and a one-page summary of all publications, including several books available for purchase.

  7. Language Processing in Children with Cochlear Implants: A Preliminary Report on Lexical Access for Production and Comprehension

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schwartz, Richard G.; Steinman, Susan; Ying, Elizabeth; Mystal, Elana Ying; Houston, Derek M.

    2013-01-01

    In this plenary paper, we present a review of language research in children with cochlear implants along with an outline of a 5-year project designed to examine the lexical access for production and recognition. The project will use auditory priming, picture naming with auditory or visual interfering stimuli (Picture-Word Interference and…

  8. Autonomy, self-direction and self access in language teaching and learning: The history of an idea

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marie-José Gremmo; Philip Riley

    1995-01-01

    The terms “autonomy” and “self-direction” are being used more and more frequently in educational discussion. This article identifies and examines the ideas and historical contingencies which form the background to these developments, including minority rights movements, shifts in educational philosophy, reactions against behaviourism, linguistic pragmatism, wider access to education, increased internationalism, the commercialization of language provision and easier availability of

  9. Barriers to open access to scientific information in Kenya, with particular reference to agricultural information

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Florence N. N. Muinde; G. E. Gorman

    2009-01-01

    The paper is based on a qualitative PhD study that sought to investigate factors affecting the adoption of ICT for research communication among researchers in research institutions in Kenya. It shares empirical insights and experiences about barriers to open access (OA) initiatives in scientific research communication, with particular reference to agricultural information, that are unique to scholars and researchers in

  10. Federal Information Policy and Access to Web-based Federal Information.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Bruce; Fraser, Bruce T.; McClure, Charles R.

    2000-01-01

    Considers selected policy instruments related to federal agencies' deployment of information in a Web environment in terms of five key policy areas: access, security, privacy, intellectual property, and records management. Suggests that there are a significant number of policy instruments affecting federal Web site development. Identifies the need…

  11. Tales of the Unexpected: language and cognitive access in the psychology laboratory

    E-print Network

    Löwe, Benedikt

    adults): `a plastic frog' · deaf children language or thought? · Cognition scaffolds language: standard account in terms of concept acquisition much earlier - in deception and pretend play (Chandler). · Language scaffolds cognition: deaf children

  12. 76 FR 51345 - On Behalf of the Accessibility Committee of the Federal Chief Information Officers Council...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-18

    ...creagan@access-board.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY...2010, the Office of Management and Budget...Information Officers Council, in collaboration...Administration Office of Governmentwide...S. Access Board, have held four...are state and local governments...

  13. 77 FR 52321 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Enrollees Under the Senior Environmental...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-29

    ...AGENCY [FRL-9723-6] Access to Confidential Business Information by Enrollees Under...may be claimed or determined to be confidential business information (CBI). DATES...that these statues allow disclosure of confidential information to ``authorized...

  14. Lexical Access in Children with and without Specific Language Impairment: A Cross-Modal Picture-Word Interference Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seiger-Gardner, Liat; Schwartz, Richard G.

    2008-01-01

    Two experiments examined the time course of lexical information availability in 20 adults, 20 children (8;0-10;0) with typical language development, and in 20 children (8;0-10;0) with specific language impairment. A cross-modal picture-word interference paradigm was used in which participants named the pictures as quickly as possible while…

  15. Development of a Community Information Service: The National Capital Area Public Access Network (CapAccess)--A Work in Progress.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walsh, R. Taylor

    1993-01-01

    Outlines the development of an independent, nonprofit online community information network. Governance, information services, Internet access, development and funding, and partnerships are discussed. Community networks as local platforms for pilot projects and their value as local coalitions are explored. Sample menus and screens are included.…

  16. Bengali-English Relevant Cross Lingual Information Access Using Finite Automata

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Banerjee, Avishek; Bhattacharyya, Swapan; Hazra, Simanta; Mondal, Shatabdi

    2010-10-01

    CLIR techniques searches unrestricted texts and typically extract term and relationships from bilingual electronic dictionaries or bilingual text collections and use them to translate query and/or document representations into a compatible set of representations with a common feature set. In this paper, we focus on dictionary-based approach by using a bilingual data dictionary with a combination to statistics-based methods to avoid the problem of ambiguity also the development of human computer interface aspects of NLP (Natural Language processing) is the approach of this paper. The intelligent web search with regional language like Bengali is depending upon two major aspect that is CLIA (Cross language information access) and NLP. In our previous work with IIT, KGP we already developed content based CLIA where content based searching in trained on Bengali Corpora with the help of Bengali data dictionary. Here we want to introduce intelligent search because to recognize the sense of meaning of a sentence and it has a better real life approach towards human computer interactions.

  17. Evaluation on the Occupational Information Access System as Used at Churchill High School. A Project Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKinlay, Bruce; Adams, Daniel

    The Occupational Information Access System (OIAS) improves the accessibility of occupational labor market information for career planning. Its operation at Churchill High School is evaluated from several angels: the likes and dislikes of users; the effect of OIAS on users' knowledge of occupational information and on their career plans; why other…

  18. The Healthy Web--Access to Online Health Information for Individuals with Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Geiger, Brian; Evans, R. R.; Cellitti, M. A.; Smith, K. Hogan; O'Neal, Marcia R.; Firsing, S. L., III; Chandan, P.

    2011-01-01

    Background: The Internet can be an invaluable resource for obtaining health information by people with disabilities. Although valid and reliable information is available, previous research revealed barriers to accessing health information online. Health education specialists have the responsibilities to insure that it is accessible to all users.…

  19. A PROTOTYPICAL SERVICE FOR REAL-TIME ACCESS TO LOCAL CONTEXT-BASED MUSIC INFORMATION

    E-print Network

    Clausen, Michael

    for real- time access to context-based music information such as lyrics or score data. In our webA PROTOTYPICAL SERVICE FOR REAL-TIME ACCESS TO LOCAL CONTEXT-BASED MUSIC INFORMATION Frank Kurth be established using recent MIR (Music Information Retrieval) techniques such as audio identification

  20. Proceedings of Student-Faculty Research Day, CSIS, Pace University, May 2nd Efficient Information Access

    E-print Network

    Tappert, Charles

    Information Access in Enterprise Content Management Systems using Semantic Technologies Raj Kumaran and Lixin with enough forethought, better information access is gained. Keywords-- CMS, Content Management System, ECM can meet these needs. ECM systems systematically capture and manage all the unstructured information

  1. Internationalizing the Right to Know: Conceptualizations of Access to Information in Human Rights Law

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bishop, Cheryl Ann

    2009-01-01

    Currently there exists a global movement promoting institutional transparency and freedom of information legislation. Conceptualizing access to government-held information as a human right is one of the latest developments in this global trend promoting access to information. The purpose of this dissertation is to identify and analyze the various…

  2. 28 CFR 17.41 - Access to classified information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...religion, sex, national origin, disability, or sexual orientation in granting access to classified...access may be raised solely on the basis of the sexual orientation of the employee or mental health counseling. (d) An employee granted...

  3. 28 CFR 17.41 - Access to classified information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...religion, sex, national origin, disability, or sexual orientation in granting access to classified...access may be raised solely on the basis of the sexual orientation of the employee or mental health counseling. (d) An employee granted...

  4. Access Services Education in Library and Information Science Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCaslin, David

    2009-01-01

    This article defines the elements of Access Services, explains the importance of those aspects in the library, and proposes a course centered on Access Services for library schools. The areas of circulation, interlibrary loan, course reserves, collection maintenance, and public relations are core components of Access Services. Each of those…

  5. Comprehensive life cycle support for access rules in information systems: the CEOSIS project

    E-print Network

    Ulm, Universität

    as direct access rule modifications (e.g. to state a previously defined rule more precisely). This paper. Second, we define change operations which enable direct adaptations of access rules. In the latterComprehensive life cycle support for access rules in information systems: the CEOSIS project

  6. Frequency of Occurrence and Information Entropy of American Sign Language

    E-print Network

    Chong, Andrew; Poor, H Vincent

    2009-01-01

    American Sign Language (ASL) uses a series of hand based gestures as a replacement for words to allow the deaf to communicate. Previous work has shown that although it takes longer to make signs than to say the equivalent words, on average sentences can be completed in about the same time. This leaves unresolved, however, precisely why that should be the case. This paper reports a determination of the empirical entropy and redundancy in the set of handshapes of ASL. In this context, the entropy refers to the average information content in a unit of data. It is found that the handshapes, as fundamental units of ASL, are less redundant than phonemes, the equivalent fundamental units of spoken English, and that their entropy is much closer to the maximum possible information content. This explains why the slower signs can produce sentences in the same time as speaking; the low redundancy compensates for the slow rate of sign production. In addition to this precise quantification, this work is also novel in its a...

  7. 29 CFR 37.40 - What access to sources of information must grant applicants and recipients provide the Director?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 true What access to sources of information must grant applicants...Affirmative Obligations of Recipients Data and Information Collection and Maintenance § 37.40 What access to sources of information must grant...

  8. 31 CFR 2.2 - Access to classified information by historical researchers, former Treasury Presidential and Vice...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 false Access to classified information by historical researchers, former Treasury...Secretary of the Treasury NATIONAL SECURITY INFORMATION § 2.2 Access to classified information by historical researchers, former...

  9. 10 CFR 2.905 - Access to restricted data and national security information for parties; security clearances.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 false Access to restricted data and national security information for...Adjudicatory Proceedings Involving Restricted Data and/or National Security Information § 2.905 Access to restricted data and national security information...

  10. 10 CFR 2.905 - Access to restricted data and national security information for parties; security clearances.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 false Access to restricted data and national security information for...Adjudicatory Proceedings Involving Restricted Data and/or National Security Information § 2.905 Access to restricted data and national security information...

  11. 10 CFR 2.905 - Access to restricted data and national security information for parties; security clearances.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 false Access to restricted data and national security information for...Adjudicatory Proceedings Involving Restricted Data and/or National Security Information § 2.905 Access to restricted data and national security information...

  12. 10 CFR 2.905 - Access to restricted data and national security information for parties; security clearances.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 false Access to restricted data and national security information for...Adjudicatory Proceedings Involving Restricted Data and/or National Security Information § 2.905 Access to restricted data and national security information...

  13. 10 CFR 2.905 - Access to restricted data and national security information for parties; security clearances.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 false Access to restricted data and national security information for...Adjudicatory Proceedings Involving Restricted Data and/or National Security Information § 2.905 Access to restricted data and national security information...

  14. 12 CFR 261.16 - Request for access to confidential commercial or financial information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM RULES REGARDING AVAILABILITY OF INFORMATION Published Information and Records Available to Public; Procedures for Requests § 261.16 Request for access to confidential...

  15. Handling Vagueness, Subjectivity, and Imprecision in Information Access: An Introduction to the Special Issue.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crestani, Fabio; Pasi, Gabriella

    2003-01-01

    This special issues comprises nine papers presenting a wide selection of approaches to handling subjectivity, vagueness, and imprecision in information retrieval (IR) and database management necessary for success in designing, developing and implementing effective tools for information access. (LRW)

  16. 76 FR 40454 - Proposed Information Collection (VSO Access to VHA Electronic Health Records) Activity; Comment...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-08

    ...establish computer accounts for Veteran Service Officers (VSO) to access VA's Veterans Health Information Systems Technology Architecture (VistA). DATES: Written comments and recommendations on the proposed collection of information should be received...

  17. Web-Based Consumer Health Information: Public Access, Digital Division, and Remainders

    PubMed Central

    Lorence, Daniel; Park, Heeyoung

    2006-01-01

    Public access Internet portals and decreasing costs of personal computers have created a growing consensus that unequal access to information, or a “digital divide,” has largely disappeared for US consumers. A series of technology initiatives in the late 1990s were believed to have largely eliminated the divide. For healthcare patients, access to information is an essential part of the consumer-centric framework outlined in the recently proposed national health information initiative. Data from a recent study of health information-seeking behaviors on the Internet suggest that a “digitally underserved group” persists, effectively limiting the planned national health information infrastructure to wealthier Americans. PMID:16926743

  18. Locking of accessible information and implications for the security of quantum cryptography

    E-print Network

    Robert Koenig; Renato Renner; Andor Bariska; Ueli Maurer

    2006-01-11

    The unconditional security of a quantum key distribution protocol is often defined in terms of the accessible information, that is, the maximum mutual information between the distributed key S and the outcome of an optimal measurement on the adversary's (quantum) system. We show that, even if this quantity is small, certain parts of the key S might still be completely insecure when S is used in applications, such as for one-time pad encryption. This flaw is due to a locking property of the accessible information: one additional (physical) bit of information might increase the accessible information by more than one bit.

  19. An observational study of consumers' accessing of nutrition information in chain restaurants.

    PubMed

    Roberto, Christina A; Agnew, Henry; Brownell, Kelly D

    2009-05-01

    In this observational study, we determined how frequently consumers accessed on-premises nutrition information provided at chain restaurants. The number of patrons entering and accessing nutrition information was recorded at 8 locations that were part of 4 major restaurant chains (McDonald's, Burger King, Starbucks, and Au Bon Pain). Only 6 (0.1%) of 4311 patrons accessed on-premises nutrition information before purchasing food. This very small percentage suggests that such information should be more prominently displayed, such as on restaurant menu boards, to help customers make informed decisions. PMID:19299679

  20. Impact of platform design on cross-language information exchange

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Scott Hale

    2012-01-01

    This paper describes two case studies examining the impact of platform design on cross-language communications. The sharing of off-site hyperlinks between language editions of Wikipedia and between users on Twitter with different languages in their user descriptions are analyzed and compared in the context of the 2011 Tohoku earthquake and tsunami in Japan. The paper finds that a greater number

  1. Decision and stress: cognition and e-accessibility in the information workplace

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ray Adams

    2007-01-01

    Cognitive abilities and disabilities are increasingly important in today’s information-based workplace, particularly in relation\\u000a to the accessibility of advanced information society technologies. As this paper discusses, new technologies can create problems\\u000a for human decision making, stress levels, general cognition and e-accessibility. Yet it is not easy to identify possible new\\u000a e-accessibility solutions to these problems. This is where theories of

  2. Mobile Access to Real-Time Information The Case of Autonomous Stock Brokering

    E-print Network

    Boman, Magnus

    on autonomous agents [8], trading on a financial exchange. Trading agents code the preferences of their owners1 Mobile Access to Real-Time Information ­ The Case of Autonomous Stock Brokering STINA NYLANDER mobile and stationary access to information on autonomous agents trading stocks. TapBroker is developed

  3. Providing Internet Access to the Ohio Career Information System for All Residents: A Feasibility Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis, Morgan V.

    Expanded Internet access to the Ohio Career Information System (OCIS) would provide adults in Ohio who need to or wish to make career changes with the best available information about occupations, education and training programs, and financial aid. In order to determine the feasibility of improving access without cost to users, an advisory group,…

  4. 75 FR 8330 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Eastern Research Group

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-24

    ...EPA-HQ-OPPT-2003-0004; FRL-8812-4] Access to Confidential Business Information by Eastern Research Group AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA...may be claimed or determined to be Confidential Business Information (CBI). DATES: Access to the...

  5. 75 FR 57768 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Eastern Research Group and Its Identified...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-22

    ...EPA-HQ-OPPT-2003-0004; FRL-8846-3] Access to Confidential Business Information by Eastern Research Group and Its Identified Subcontractor AGENCY: Environmental...may be claimed or determined to be Confidential Business Information (CBI). DATES: Access to the...

  6. 78 FR 67139 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Eastern Research Group and Its Identified...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-08

    ...EPA-HQ-OPPT-2003-0004; FRL-9402-2] Access to Confidential Business Information by Eastern Research Group and Its Identified Subcontractor, Energy Services...may be claimed or determined to be Confidential Business Information (CBI). DATES: Access to the...

  7. Multi-Objective Optimisation for Information Access Tasks DRAFT SUBMITTED TO CIKM 2003

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michelle J. Fisher; Jonathan E. Fieldsend; Richard M. Everson

    Information access tasks involve setting a large number of model parameters (such as term weighting functions or the particular terms from the document collection to use in the model); in addition, information access tasks frequently at- tempt to satisfy multiple competing objectives, such as pre- cision and recall. We investigate the use of multi-objective evolutionary algorithms for nding model parameters

  8. Efficient Information Access for Location-Based Services in Mobile Environments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Chi Keung

    2009-01-01

    The demand for pervasive access of location-related information (e.g., local traffic, restaurant locations, navigation maps, weather conditions, pollution index, etc.) fosters a tremendous application base of "Location Based Services (LBSs)". Without loss of generality, we model location-related information as "spatial objects" and the accesses

  9. Biowatch South Africa and the Challenges in Enforcing its Constitutional Right to Access to Information

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peekhaus, Wilhelm

    2011-01-01

    This paper examines the difficulties encountered by Biowatch, a South African civil society environmental organization, in its attempts to obtain access to government information in respect of genetically engineered plants. After establishing the context of South Africa's access to information regime, including a brief discussion of several of its…

  10. 76 FR 72403 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Primus Solutions, Inc.

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-23

    ...EPA-HQ-OPPT-2003-0004; FRL-9327-9] Access to Confidential Business Information by Primus Solutions...may be claimed or determined to be Confidential Business Information (CBI). DATES: Access to the confidential data will occur on or about...

  11. 77 FR 10506 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Syracuse Research Corporation, Inc., and Its...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-22

    ...EPA-HQ-OPPT-2003-0004; FRL-9338-7] Access to Confidential Business Information by Syracuse...may be claimed or determined to be Confidential Business Information (CBI). DATES: Access to the confidential data will occur no sooner than...

  12. 76 FR 10360 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Guident Technologies Inc. and Its Identified...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-24

    ...EPA-HQ-OPPT-2003-0004; FRL-8864-8] Access to Confidential Business Information by Guident Technologies...may be claimed or determined to be Confidential Business Information (CBI). DATES: Access to the confidential data will occur no sooner than...

  13. UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH SUBJECT: Control of Physical Access to Confidential Information

    E-print Network

    Sibille, Etienne

    UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH POLICY SUBJECT: Control of Physical Access to Confidential Information containing confidential information. This includes the ability to monitor the movement of people, equipment, and supplies into or out of those areas. Only those individuals who need access to private and confidential

  14. 76 FR 77817 - Access to Confidential Business Information by CGI Federal, Inc. and Subcontractor, Innovate, Inc.

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-14

    ...EPA-HQ-OPPT-2003-0004; FRL-9329-1] Access to Confidential Business Information by CGI Federal...may be claimed or determined to be Confidential Business Information (CBI). DATES: Access to the confidential data will occur on or about...

  15. 78 FR 66696 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Arcadis U.S., Inc.

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-06

    ...EPA-HQ-OPPT-2003-0004; FRL-9402-1] Access to Confidential Business Information by Arcadis U...may be claimed or determined to be Confidential Business Information (CBI). DATES: Access to the confidential data occurred on or about...

  16. 78 FR 20101 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Chemical Abstract Services

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-03

    ...EPA-HQ-OPPT-2003-0004; FRL-9382-4] Access to Confidential Business Information by Chemical...may be claimed or determined to be Confidential Business Information (CBI). DATES: Access to the confidential data occurred on or about April...

  17. 76 FR 77224 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Primus Solutions, Inc.

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-12

    ...EPA-HQ-OPPT-20003-0004; FRL-9329-3] Access to Confidential Business Information by Primus Solutions...may be claimed or determined to be Confidential Business Information (CBI). DATES: Access to the confidential data will occur on or about...

  18. 76 FR 23586 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Syracuse Research Corporation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-27

    ...EPA-HQ-OPPT-2003-0004; FRL-8871-9] Access to Confidential Business Information by Syracuse...may be claimed or determined to be Confidential Business Information (CBI). DATES: Access to the confidential data will occur no sooner than...

  19. 77 FR 24697 - Access to Confidential Business Information by CGI Federal Inc. and Its Identified Subcontractor...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-25

    ...EPA-HQ-OPPT-2003-0004; FRL-9346-2] Access to Confidential Business Information by CGI Federal...may be claimed or determined to be Confidential Business Information (CBI). DATES: Access to the confidential data will occur no sooner than...

  20. 75 FR 24688 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Guident Technologies Inc.’s Identified Subcontractor

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-05

    ...EPA-HQ-OPPT-2003-0004; FRL-8821-5] Access to Confidential Business Information by Guident Technologies...may be claimed or determined to be Confidential Business Information (CBI). DATES: Access to the confidential data will occur no sooner than...

  1. 77 FR 21766 - Access to Confidential Business Information by CGI Federal Inc.

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-11

    ...EPA-HQ-OPPT-2003-0004; FRL-9344-4] Access to Confidential Business Information by CGI Federal...may be claimed or determined to be Confidential Business Information (CBI). DATES: Access to the confidential data occurred on or about March...

  2. TITLE: AUTHORIZATION TO DISCLOSE PATIENT INFORMATION PATIENT ACCESS USE AND DISCLOSURE OF MEDICAL

    E-print Network

    Columbia University

    Information (PHI) may only be accessed / used or (disclosed), as follows: to those directly involved a patient for physical therapy. According to New York State Law "...a subject over the age of 12 mayTITLE: AUTHORIZATION TO DISCLOSE PATIENT INFORMATION PATIENT ACCESS ­ USE AND DISCLOSURE OF MEDICAL

  3. Promising Practices in Information Technology Accessibility in K-12 Education in the Southeast Region

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Southeast Disability and Business Technical Assistance Center (Southeast DBTAC), 2005

    2005-01-01

    As part of its mission to promote the use of accessible education-based information technology in the Southeast Region, the Southeast Disability and Business Technical Assistance Center (DBTAC) is working with colleges, universities, community colleges and K-12 schools to improve access to information technology for students with disabilities in…

  4. Comprehensive Personalized Information Access in an Educational Digital Library

    E-print Network

    Brusilovsky, Peter

    This paper explores two ways to help students locate most relevant resources in educational digital libraries. One method gives a more comprehensive access to educational resources, through multiple pathways Sea II system for comprehensive personalized access to educational resources and also presents

  5. Distillation protocols that involve local distinguishing: Composing upper and lower bounds on locally accessible information

    SciTech Connect

    Sen, Aditi; Sen, Ujjwal [ICFO-Institut de Ciencies Fotoniques, 08860 Castelldefels (Barcelona) (Spain); Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Hannover, D-30167 Hannover (Germany); Lewenstein, Maciej [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Hannover, D-30167 Hannover (Germany); ICREA and ICFO-Institut de Ciencies Fotoniques, 08860 Castelldefels (Barcelona) (Spain)

    2006-11-15

    We find a universal lower bound on locally accessible information for arbitrary bipartite quantum ensembles, when one of the parties is two dimensional. In higher dimensions and in a higher number of parties, the bound is on accessible information by separable operations. We show that for any given density matrix (of an arbitrary number of parties and dimensions), there exists an ensemble, which averages to the given density matrix and whose locally accessible information saturates the lower bound. Moreover, we give a general method to obtain bounds on the yield of singlets in distillation protocols that involves local distinguishing, by using lower and upper bounds on locally accessible information. We then illustrate it by using our lower bound, along with a previously obtained upper bound, on locally accessible information.

  6. 15 CFR 784.1 - Complementary access: General information on the purpose of complementary access, affected...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE ADDITIONAL PROTOCOL REGULATIONS COMPLEMENTARY ACCESS ...(a) Overview. The Additional Protocol requires that the United States...adheres to the provisions of the Additional Protocol and to the requirements of the APR...

  7. Effects of Iconicity and Semantic Relatedness on Lexical Access in American Sign Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bosworth, Rain G.; Emmorey, Karen

    2010-01-01

    Iconicity is a property that pervades the lexicon of many sign languages, including American Sign Language (ASL). Iconic signs exhibit a motivated, nonarbitrary mapping between the form of the sign and its meaning. We investigated whether iconicity enhances semantic priming effects for ASL and whether iconic signs are recognized more quickly than…

  8. User Requirement Elicitation for Cross-Language Information Retrieval

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Daniela Petrelli; Preben Hansen; Micheline Beaulieu; Mark Sanderson

    2002-01-01

    Who are the users of a cross-language retrieval system? Under what circumstances do they need to perform such multi-language searches? How will the task and the context of use affect successful interaction with the system? Answers to these questions were explored in a user study performed as part of the design stages of Clarity, a EU founded project on cross-language

  9. Mobile City and Language Guides--New Links between Formal and Informal Learning Environments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bo-Kristensen, Mads; Ankerstjerne, Niels Ole; Neutzsky-Wulff, Chresteria; Schelde, Herluf

    2009-01-01

    One of the major challenges in second and foreign language education, is to create links between formal and informal learning environments. Mobile City and Language Guides present examples of theoretical and practical reflections on such links. This paper presents and discusses the first considerations of Mobile City and Language Guides in…

  10. Arabic to French Sentence Alignment: Exploration of A Cross language Information Retrieval Approach

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nasredine Semmar; Christian Fluhr

    2007-01-01

    Sentence alignment consists in estimating which sentence or sentences in the source language correspond with which sentence or sentences in a target language. We pre- sent in this paper a new approach to align- ing sentences from a parallel corpus based on a cross-language information retrieval system. This approach consists in building a database of sentences of the target text

  11. 45 CFR 1326.17 - Access to information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...Public Welfare (Continued) OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION ON AGING... GRANTS TO INDIAN TRIBES FOR SUPPORT AND NUTRITION SERVICES § 1326.17 Access to...

  12. 45 CFR 1326.17 - Access to information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...Public Welfare (Continued) OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION ON AGING... GRANTS TO INDIAN TRIBES FOR SUPPORT AND NUTRITION SERVICES § 1326.17 Access to...

  13. 45 CFR 1326.17 - Access to information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...Public Welfare (Continued) OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION ON AGING... GRANTS TO INDIAN TRIBES FOR SUPPORT AND NUTRITION SERVICES § 1326.17 Access to...

  14. 45 CFR 1326.17 - Access to information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...Public Welfare (Continued) OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION ON AGING... GRANTS TO INDIAN TRIBES FOR SUPPORT AND NUTRITION SERVICES § 1326.17 Access to...

  15. 45 CFR 1326.17 - Access to information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...Public Welfare (Continued) OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION ON AGING... GRANTS TO INDIAN TRIBES FOR SUPPORT AND NUTRITION SERVICES § 1326.17 Access to...

  16. 15 CFR 903.1 - Access to information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued) NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE GENERAL REGULATIONS...regarding public access to the records of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration are found at 15 CFR part 4. [57 FR...

  17. Measures against police information leakage utilizing automatic encryption and access control software

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Y. Tadaaki

    2008-01-01

    National Police Agency (NPA) has developed the automatic encryption and access control software as an information security measure and has been operating it since 2007. This software works as follows: (1) principally prohibits information from being transferred to removable media; (2) encrypts information automatically when information is transferred to removable media; (3) logs the history of the transfer between PCs

  18. Open access to information bridges science and development in Amazonia: lessons of the SIAMAZONIA service

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Risto Kalliola; Tuuli Toivonen; Victor Miyakawa; Manuel Mavila

    2008-01-01

    Access to and availability of accurate information has often been stated to play an important role in sustainable environmental management. There is a growing trend of setting up internet-based information services to support the availability of relevant information. The current initiatives that aim to facilitate such information sharing through the web are still, however, often premature and unable to ensure

  19. Sign Language Web Pages

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fels, Deborah I.; Richards, Jan; Hardman, Jim; Lee, Daniel G.

    2006-01-01

    The World Wide Web has changed the way people interact. It has also become an important equalizer of information access for many social sectors. However, for many people, including some sign language users, Web accessing can be difficult. For some, it not only presents another barrier to overcome but has left them without cultural equality. The…

  20. Specification & Enforcement of Access Control in Information & Communication Systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. A. El Kalam

    2008-01-01

    While OrBAC (organization-based access control) become largely used (thanks to its clarity and simplicity), there is no work that compares its complexity with existing models. This paper demonstrates that OrBAC greatly reduces the cost of administering access control policies as well as making this process less error-prone. Moreover, while OrBAC is well- adapted to centralized systems, this work integrate a

  1. Hemispheric differences in the processing of contextual information during language comprehension.

    PubMed

    Gouldthorp, Bethanie

    2015-05-01

    This study investigated the proposition that the right hemisphere (RH) processes language in a global, integrative manner that maintains access to earlier contextual information, whereas the left hemisphere (LH) processes in a local fashion and only keeps active the most recent concept. Thirty-four right-handed participants completed a lexical decision task using a split visual-field paradigm, with reaction time and error rates recorded. Three sentences were presented, where an inference was required in order to produce coherence between the first and second sentences. The third sentence was not directly related to the inference generation, but was consistent with the scenario set out in the prior context. Targets were either "Global", where the target reflected the meaning of the inference generated in order for coherence to have been created; or "Local", where the target reflected the meaning of only the third sentence and therefore did not require integration of previous context. Significantly greater facilitation was observed for the RH/left visual field than LH/right visual field for "Global" targets, while no hemispheric differences were observed for "Local" targets. This study provides evidence for the distillation of current models of hemispheric language comprehension into underlying local and global processes. PMID:25403249

  2. Impact of the information age on residency training: communication, access to public information, and clinical care.

    PubMed

    Hilty, Donald M; Belitsky, Richard; Cohen, Mitchell B; Cabaniss, Deborah L; Dickstein, Leah J; Bernstein, Carol A; Kaplan, Allan S; Scheiber, Stephen C; Crisp-Han, Holly D; Wrzosek, Marika I; Silberman, Edward K

    2015-02-01

    Access to technology in practice helps physicians manage information, communicate, and research topics; however, those in training receive almost no formal preparation for integrating web-based technologies into practice. One reason for this is that many faculty-aside from junior faculty or those in recent generations-did not grow up using Internet communication, may use it minimally, if at all, in their own practices, and may know little about its forms and varieties. This report presents a case to illustrate how these disparities may play out in the supervisory situation and makes suggestions about helping supervisors integrate technology-awareness into their teaching. PMID:25124878

  3. Less Frequently Taught Languages: Basic Information and Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Conwell, Marilyn; And Others

    The following articles are presented in the section of the Northeast Conference Report on less frequently taught languages: (1) "American Sign Language," by M. Conwell and A. Nelson; (2) "Chinese," by D. Gidman; (3) "Japanese," by J. P. Berwald and T. Phipps; (4) "Latin," by M. Cleary; (5) "Portuguese," by R. Pedro Carvalho; and (6) "Russian," by…

  4. Searching for Bridges between Formal and Informal Language Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brebera, Pavel; Hlouskova, Jitka

    2012-01-01

    Life in the contemporary society and ongoing globalisation processes result in growing demands on educators, including language teachers in higher education. The frequently accentuated so-called postmethod approach to foreign language teaching gives teachers a lot of freedom and flexibility but also creates a large space for various types of…

  5. Tablets for Informal Language Learning: Student Usage and Attitudes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Xiao-Bin

    2013-01-01

    Mobile-assisted language learning (MALL), a relatively new area of CALL inquiry, is gaining more and more attention from language educators with the development of new mobile devices. Tablet computers--featuring high mobility, convenient network connectivity, and smart application extendibility--are part of a wave of the latest mobile inventions;…

  6. Quantifying Access Disadvantage and Gathering Information in Rural and Remote Localities: The Griffith Service Access Frame.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Griffith, Dennis A.

    2003-01-01

    A purely geographic classification is not the best way to measure rural disadvantage in Australia. A service access model is described that incorporates the following elements: population center size; distance, time, and cost of travel to the service center; and a measure of the economic capacity of residents to overcome the cost of travel.…

  7. Evaluating opportunities for expanded information access: a study of the accessibility of four online databases

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jennifer Horwath

    2002-01-01

    The author presents the results of a survey conducted for the purpose of evaluating the accessibility of four proprietary Web-based online resources: EBSCOhost MasterFile Elite, Electric Library Plus, Encyclopaedia Britannica Online, and The Oxford English Dictionary Online. The survey respondents were computer users who are blind or visually impaired and were already comfortable with using the World Wide Web. The

  8. Accessing biomedical literature in the current information landscape.

    PubMed

    Khare, Ritu; Leaman, Robert; Lu, Zhiyong

    2014-01-01

    Biomedical and life sciences literature is unique because of its exponentially increasing volume and interdisciplinary nature. Biomedical literature access is essential for several types of users including biomedical researchers, clinicians, database curators, and bibliometricians. In the past few decades, several online search tools and literature archives, generic as well as biomedicine specific, have been developed. We present this chapter in the light of three consecutive steps of literature access: searching for citations, retrieving full text, and viewing the article. The first section presents the current state of practice of biomedical literature access, including an analysis of the search tools most frequently used by the users, including PubMed, Google Scholar, Web of Science, Scopus, and Embase, and a study on biomedical literature archives such as PubMed Central. The next section describes current research and the state-of-the-art systems motivated by the challenges a user faces during query formulation and interpretation of search results. The research solutions are classified into five key areas related to text and data mining, text similarity search, semantic search, query support, relevance ranking, and clustering results. Finally, the last section describes some predicted future trends for improving biomedical literature access, such as searching and reading articles on portable devices, and adoption of the open access policy. PMID:24788259

  9. The Sound of Motion in Spoken Language: Visual Information Conveyed by Acoustic Properties of Speech

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shintel, Hadas; Nusbaum, Howard C.

    2007-01-01

    Language is generally viewed as conveying information through symbols whose form is arbitrarily related to their meaning. This arbitrary relation is often assumed to also characterize the mental representations underlying language comprehension. We explore the idea that visuo-spatial information can be analogically conveyed through acoustic…

  10. 75 FR 13751 - Office of English Language Acquisition; Overview Information; Language Enhancement, and Academic...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-23

    ...standards for foreign language learning and performance guidelines for K-12 learners. Note...applicants may want to describe how their performance objectives are ambitious but realistic...objectives are aligned with the Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA)...

  11. 24 CFR 5.905 - What special authority is there to obtain access to sex offender registration information?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...special authority is there to obtain access to sex offender registration information? 5...special authority is there to obtain access to sex offender registration information? (a) PHA obligation to obtain sex offender registration...

  12. 24 CFR 5.905 - What special authority is there to obtain access to sex offender registration information?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...special authority is there to obtain access to sex offender registration information? 5...special authority is there to obtain access to sex offender registration information? (a) PHA obligation to obtain sex offender registration...

  13. 24 CFR 5.905 - What special authority is there to obtain access to sex offender registration information?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...special authority is there to obtain access to sex offender registration information? 5...special authority is there to obtain access to sex offender registration information? (a) PHA obligation to obtain sex offender registration...

  14. 24 CFR 5.905 - What special authority is there to obtain access to sex offender registration information?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...special authority is there to obtain access to sex offender registration information? 5...special authority is there to obtain access to sex offender registration information? (a) PHA obligation to obtain sex offender registration...

  15. 24 CFR 5.905 - What special authority is there to obtain access to sex offender registration information?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...special authority is there to obtain access to sex offender registration information? 5...special authority is there to obtain access to sex offender registration information? (a) PHA obligation to obtain sex offender registration...

  16. Speech Recognition for Illiterate Access to Information and Technology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Madelaine Plauche; Udhyakumar Nallasamy; Joyojeet Pal; Chuck Wooters; Divya Ramachandran

    2006-01-01

    In rural Tamil Nadu and other predominantly illiterate communities throughout the world, computers and technology are currently inaccessible without the help of a literate mediator. Speech recognition has often been suggested as a key to universal access, but success stories of speech-driven interfaces for illiterate end users are few and far between. The challenges of dialectal variation, multilingualism, cultural barriers,

  17. TAMBIS: Transparent Access to Multiple Bioinformatics Information Sources

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Patricia G. Baker; Andy Brass; Sean Bechhofer; Carole A. Goble; Norman W. Paton; Robert Stevens

    1998-01-01

    The TAMBIS project aims to provide transparent access todisparate biological databases and analysis tools, enablingusers to utilize a wide range of resources with theminimum of effort. A prototype system has beendeveloped that includes a knowledge base of biologicalterminology (the biological Concept Model), a model ofthe underlying data sources (the Source Model) and a`knowledge-driven\\

  18. Proximity-based access control for context-sensitive information provision in SOA-based systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rajappan, Gowri; Wang, Xiaofei; Grant, Robert; Paulini, Matthew

    2014-06-01

    Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) has enabled open-architecture integration of applications within an enterprise. For net-centric Command and Control (C2), this elucidates information sharing between applications and users, a critical requirement for mission success. The Information Technology (IT) access control schemes, which arbitrate who gets access to what information, do not yet have the contextual knowledge to dynamically allow this information sharing to happen dynamically. The access control might prevent legitimate users from accessing information relevant to the current mission context, since this context may be very different from the context for which the access privileges were configured. We evaluate a pair of data relevance measures - proximity and risk - and use these as the basis of dynamic access control. Proximity is a measure of the strength of connection between the user and the resource. However, proximity is not sufficient, since some data might have a negative impact, if leaked, which far outweighs importance to the subject's mission. For this, we use a risk measure to quantify the downside of data compromise. Given these contextual measures of proximity and risk, we investigate extending Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC), which is used by the Department of Defense, and Role-Based Access Control (RBAC), which is widely used in the civilian market, so that these standards-based access control models are given contextual knowledge to enable dynamic information sharing. Furthermore, we consider the use of such a contextual access control scheme in a SOA-based environment, in particular for net-centric C2.

  19. Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 2.0: A Further Step towards Accessible Digital Information

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ribera, Mireia; Porras, Merce; Boldu, Marc; Termens, Miquel; Sule, Andreu; Paris, Pilar

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explain the changes in the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0 compared with WCAG 1.0 within the context of its historical development. Design/methodology/approach: In order to compare WCAG 2.0 with WCAG 1.0 a diachronic analysis of the evolution of these standards is done. Known authors and…

  20. An Overview of a Role of Natural Language Processing in An Intelligent Information Retrieval System

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Asanee Kawtrakul

    In information-age society, advanced retrieval technique and the automatic extraction of useful information from streams of text become the societal needs. This system should provide more in depth about the contents than does a standard information retrieval system, which relies on keyword based analysis and matching computation. Clearly, natural language processing does playa role for capturing text information and making

  1. Methods for increasing the access to information databases using open source tools

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. I. Maican

    2010-01-01

    This paper proposes some methods aimed at increasing the access to information databases. The paper is divided into three parts. The first part introduces the current state of access to databases in our university. The second part presents a short survey regarding the authentication methods offered by the most preeminent content providers, while the third part of the paper presents

  2. Medical Portals: Web-Based Access to Medical Information Michael Shepherd

    E-print Network

    Shepherd, Mike

    Medical Portals: Web-Based Access to Medical Information Michael Shepherd Fac. of Computer Science Dalhousie University Halifax, NS Canada B3H 1W5 watters@cs.dal.ca Abstract Public portals, such as Web search engines, have been available for a number of years and corporate portals that facilitate access

  3. The University of Aberdeen is a charity registered in Scotland, No SC013683 Accessing electronic information

    E-print Network

    Pym, David J.

    electronic information Elaine Shallcross, May 2014 QG DBS005 [https in a variety of formats and many are available electronically. Most can be accessed by members electronic resources (e-journals, e-books and databases) which the University pays for. 1. Accessing e

  4. Enhancing Access to Information: Designing Catalogs for the 21st Century.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tyckoson, David A., Ed.

    This book addresses the problem of when a library has limited catalog access, and explores various technological methods to expand the catalog beyond its traditional boundaries. Fourteen chapters describe catalog projects in individual libraries: (1) "Enhancing Access to Information: Building Catalogs for the Future" (David A. Tyckoson); (2) "The…

  5. 10 CFR 95.35 - Access to matter classified as National Security Information and Restricted Data.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    (b) Matter classified as National Security Information or Restricted Data shall not be released by a licensee or other person subject to part 95 to any personnel other than properly access authorized Commission licensee employees, or other individuals authorized access by the...

  6. AccessAbility: Overcoming Information Barriers. Proceedings from the 1987 Spring Meeting of the Nebraska Library Association, College and University Section (Omaha, Nebraska, May 29, 1987).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kacena, Barbara J., Ed.

    Various aspects of the theme, "AccessAbility: Overcoming Information Barriers," are considered in the conference papers collected in this document. They include: (1) "The Library Image: A Barrier to Accessibility" (Janice S. Boyer); (2) "The Educationally Disadvantaged Student: How Can the Library Help?" (Michael Poma and Richard Jehlik); (3)…

  7. Public access to environmental information: past, present and future

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mordechai E Haklay

    2003-01-01

    Abstract Since the late 1960s and the “environmental revolution”, information and information systems have been an integral part of the environmental debate. In the decade that has passed since the Rio conference and the establishment of the \\

  8. Availability of and Ease of Access to Calorie Information on Restaurant Websites

    PubMed Central

    Bennett, Gary G.; Steinberg, Dori M.; Lanpher, Michele G.; Askew, Sandy; Lane, Ilana B.; Levine, Erica L.; Goodman, Melody S.; Foley, Perry B.

    2013-01-01

    Objective Offering calories on restaurant websites might be particularly important for consumer meal planning, but the availability of and ease of accessing this information are unknown. Methods We assessed websites for the top 100 U.S. chain restaurants to determine the availability of and ease of access to calorie information as well as website design characteristics. We also examined potential predictors of calorie availability and ease of access. Results Eighty-two percent of restaurants provided calorie information on their websites; 25% presented calories on a mobile-formatted website. On average, calories could be accessed in 2.35±0.99 clicks. About half of sites (51.2%) linked to calorie information via the homepage. Fewer than half had a separate section identifying healthful options (46.3%), or utilized interactive meal planning tools (35.4%). Quick service/fast casual, larger restaurants, and those with less expensive entrées and lower revenue were more likely to make calorie information available. There were no predictors of ease of access. Conclusion Calorie information is both available and largely accessible on the websites of America’s leading restaurants. It is unclear whether consumer behavior is affected by the variability in the presentation of calorie information. PMID:23977193

  9. Information Access in Rural America: January 1979 - September 1991. Quick Bibliography Series: QB 92-18.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    John, Patricia La Caille

    This bibliography contains 159 entries related to information dissemination in rural areas and the role of rural libraries in accessing information. The entries were derived from the AGRICOLA database produced by the National Agriculture Library (United States Department of Agriculture) and cover such topics as information needs in rural…

  10. 76 FR 69722 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Protection Strategies Incorporated

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-09

    ...EPA-HQ-OPPT-2003-0004; FRL-8891-8] Access to Confidential Business Information by Protection...Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) confidential business information and to provide...may be claimed or determined to be Confidential Business Information (CBI)....

  11. Expressions of expertness: the virtuous circle of natural language for access control policy specification

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Philip Inglesant; Martina Angela Sasse; David Chadwick; Lei Lei Shi

    2008-01-01

    The implementation of usable security is particularly challenging in the growing field of Grid computing, where control is decentralised, systems are heterogeneous, and authorization applies across administrative domains. PERMIS, based on the Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) model, provides a unified infrastructure to address these challenges. Previous research has found that resource owners who do not understand the PERMIS RBAC model

  12. How to Develop State Guidelines for Access Assistants: Scribes, Readers, and Sign Language Interpreters

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clapper, Ann T.; Morse, Amanda B.; Thurlow, Martha L.; Thompson, Sandra J.

    2006-01-01

    This manual offers states a tool to assist in the development or enhancement of guidelines for access assistants. Whether a state already has guidelines or is just in the process of establishing them, this manual will provide structure to the process and many examples of criteria already included by states. This manual was developed to accompany…

  13. Integrating and accessing heterogeneous information sources in TSIMMIS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. Garcia Molina; J. Hammer; K. Ireland

    1995-01-01

    The goal of the Tsimmis Project is to de velop tools that facilitate the rapid integra tion of heterogeneous information sources that may include both structured and unstructured data This paper gives an overview of the project describing components that extract properties from unstructured objects that translate information into a common object model that combine information from several sources and

  14. A Case Study on Perspectives by Females of Mexican Descent on Access to Postsecondary Education Information

    E-print Network

    Lara, Alma Leticia

    2014-04-30

    The purpose of this study was to provide an understanding of the process Latino parents utilize to gain access to postsecondary education information during their children’s elementary schooling. Significantly, the support Latino parents provide...

  15. 76 FR 24862 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Protocol for Access to Tissue Specimen Samples...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-03

    ...Administration Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Protocol for Access to Tissue Specimen Samples From the National Marine...Biological Resources Division (USGS/BRD). The NMMTB provides protocols, techniques, and physical facilities for the...

  16. 75 FR 70672 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Computer Sciences Corporation and Its Identified...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-18

    ...Access to Confidential Business Information by Computer Sciences Corporation and Its Identified Subcontractors AGENCY...SUMMARY: EPA has authorized its contractor, Computer Sciences Corporation (CSC) of Chantilly, VA and Its...

  17. 76 FR 37111 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Computer Sciences Corporation and Its Identified...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-24

    ...Access to Confidential Business Information by Computer Sciences Corporation and Its Identified Subcontractors AGENCY...SUMMARY: EPA has authorized its contractor, Computer Sciences Corporation of Chantilly, VA and Its...

  18. 78 FR 58264 - Servicemembers' Group Life Insurance and Veterans' Group Life Insurance Information Access

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-23

    ...DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS 38 CFR Part 9 RIN 2900-AO42...Servicemembers' Group Life Insurance and Veterans' Group Life Insurance Information Access AGENCY: Department of Veterans Affairs. ACTION: Proposed...

  19. 77 FR 48199 - Privacy Act; System of Records: State-35, Information Access Programs Records

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-13

    ...DEPARTMENT OF STATE [Public Notice 7979] Privacy Act; System of Records: State-35, Information Access Programs Records...Notice is hereby given that the Department of State proposes to amend an existing system...

  20. 75 FR 70235 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Industrial Economics, Incorporated

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-17

    ...Confidential Business Information by Industrial Economics, Incorporated AGENCY: Environmental...authorize its contractor, Industrial Economics, Incorporated (IEc) to access Confidential...EP-W-06- 065/0013, Industrial Economics, Incorporated (IEc) will assist...

  1. 75 FR 1053 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Industrial Economics, Incorporated

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-08

    ...Confidential Business Information by Industrial Economics, Incorporated AGENCY: Environmental...authorize its contractor, Industrial Economics, Incorporated (IEc) to access Confidential...EP-W-6-065 and EP07H000213, Industrial Economics, Incorporated (IEc) will assist...

  2. 76 FR 30227 - On behalf of the Accessibility Committee of the Federal Chief Information Officers Council...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-24

    ...that the CIO Council is conducting...2010 from the Office of Management and Budget...Information Officers Council (CIOC), in...Council, the GSA Office of Governmentwide...S. Access Board, has held several...are state and local...

  3. 78 FR 51276 - Proposed Information Collection (Access to Care Dialysis Pilot Survey and Interview); Activity...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-20

    ...solicits comments on the information needed to evaluate the VA Dialysis Pilot program for the treatment of End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) to improve access to dialysis care for Veterans. DATES: Written comments and recommendations on the...

  4. Language and Education Orientations in Lithuania: A Cross-Baltic Perspective Post-EU Accession

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bulajeva, Tatjana; Hogan-Brun, Gabrielle

    2008-01-01

    This paper presents an up-to-date overview of language policies and practices in Lithuania, paying particular attention to the latest developments that have taken place in national educational contexts. Against the background of recent sociodemographic changes in the three Baltic republics, Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia, it analyzes issues…

  5. 7 CFR 3402.22 - Access to peer review information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE FOOD AND AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES NATIONAL NEEDS GRADUATE AND POSTGRADUATE FELLOWSHIP GRANTS PROGRAM Supplementary Information...

  6. Ultra-rapid access to words in chronic aphasia: the effects of intensive language action therapy (ILAT).

    PubMed

    MacGregor, Lucy J; Difrancesco, Stephanie; Pulvermüller, Friedemann; Shtyrov, Yury; Mohr, Bettina

    2015-03-01

    Effects of intensive language action therapy (ILAT) on automatic language processing were assessed using Magnetoencephalography (MEG). Auditory magnetic mismatch negativity (MMNm) responses to words and pseudowords were recorded in twelve patients with chronic aphasia before and immediately after two weeks of ILAT. Following therapy, Patients showed significant clinical improvements of auditory comprehension as measured by the Token Test and in word retrieval and naming as measured by the Boston Naming Test. Neuromagnetic responses dissociated between meaningful words and meaningless word-like stimuli ultra-rapidly, approximately 50 ms after acoustic information first allowed for stimulus identification. Over treatment, there was a significant increase in the left-lateralisation of this early word-elicited activation, observed in perilesional fronto-temporal regions. No comparable change was seen for pseudowords. The results may reflect successful, therapy-induced, language restitution in the left hemisphere. PMID:25403745

  7. Internet Access and Online Cancer Information Seeking Among Latino Immigrants From Safety Net Clinics

    PubMed Central

    SELSKY, CLAIRE; LUTA, GEORGE; NOONE, ANNE-MICHELLE; HUERTA, ELMER E.; MANDELBLATT, JEANNE S.

    2013-01-01

    Internet use is widespread, but little is known about Internet use for cancer information among Latinos, especially those who rely on safety net clinics. The authors investigated access to and intended use of the Internet for cancer information among low income, immigrant Latinos predominately from Central and South America. A cross-sectional study of 1,273 Latinos 21 years and older attending safety net clinics or health fairs was conducted from June 2007 to November 2008. The authors used logistic regression models to evaluate associations of age, acculturation, psychosocial factors and other covariates with Internet access and intended use of the Internet for cancer information among those with access. Of the sample, 44% reported Internet access. Higher information self-efficacy and greater trust in the Internet were independently associated with Internet access (p= .05 and p < .001, respectively). Among those with access, 53.8% reported they intended to seek cancer help online if they needed information. Those with younger age and higher acculturation, education and self-efficacy had higher odds of intended Internet use for cancer information, considering covariates. In addition, those with high (vs. low) perceived risk of cancer (OR = 1.76; 95% CI [1.14, 2.73]; p = .01) and higher levels of trust in online health information (OR = 1.47 per one-point increase; 95% [CI 1.19, 1.82]; p = .0004) were more likely to intend to seek cancer information online. These findings that Internet access is fairly high in the immigrant Latino population and that the Internet is a trusted source of cancer information suggest that the Internet may be a channel for cancer control interventions. PMID:23066874

  8. Internet access and online cancer information seeking among Latino immigrants from safety net clinics.

    PubMed

    Selsky, Claire; Luta, George; Noone, Anne-Michelle; Huerta, Elmer E; Mandelblatt, Jeanne S

    2013-01-01

    Internet use is widespread, but little is known about Internet use for cancer information among Latinos, especially those who rely on safety net clinics. The authors investigated access to and intended use of the Internet for cancer information among low income, immigrant Latinos predominately from Central and South America. A cross-sectional study of 1,273 Latinos 21 years and older attending safety net clinics or health fairs was conducted from June 2007 to November 2008. The authors used logistic regression models to evaluate associations of age, acculturation, psychosocial factors and other covariates with Internet access and intended use of the Internet for cancer information among those with access. Of the sample, 44% reported Internet access. Higher information self-efficacy and greater trust in the Internet were independently associated with Internet access (p = .05 and p < .001, respectively). Among those with access, 53.8% reported they intended to seek cancer help online if they needed information. Those with younger age and higher acculturation, education and self-efficacy had higher odds of intended Internet use for cancer information, considering covariates. In addition, those with high (vs. low) perceived risk of cancer (OR = 1.76; 95% CI [1.14, 2.73]; p = .01) and higher levels of trust in online health information (OR = 1.47 per one-point increase; 95% [CI 1.19, 1.82]; p = .0004) were more likely to intend to seek cancer information online. These findings that Internet access is fairly high in the immigrant Latino population and that the Internet is a trusted source of cancer information suggest that the Internet may be a channel for cancer control interventions. PMID:23066874

  9. Indexical Information, Encoding Difficulty, and Second Language Vocabulary Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sommers, Mitchell S.; Barcroft, Joe

    2011-01-01

    Research has demonstrated that second language (L2) vocabulary learning improves when target words are presented in acoustically varied compared with acoustically consistent formats. The present study investigated the extent to which this benefit of acoustic variability is a consequence of difficult encoding demands (cognitive effort hypothesis)…

  10. ScienceCentral: open access full-text archive of scientific journals based on Journal Article Tag Suite regardless of their languages

    PubMed Central

    Huh, Sun

    2013-01-01

    ScienceCentral, a free or open access, full-text archive of scientific journal literature at the Korean Federation of Science and Technology Societies, was under test in September 2013. Since it is a Journal Article Tag Suite-based full text database, extensible markup language files of all languages can be presented, according to Unicode Transformation Format 8-bit encoding. It is comparable to PubMed Central: however, there are two distinct differences. First, its scope comprises all science fields; second, it accepts all language journals. Launching ScienceCentral is the first step for free access or open access academic scientific journals of all languages to leap to the world, including scientific journals from Croatia. PMID:24266292

  11. Accessing Information: The Internet--A Highway or a Maze?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoctor, Marge

    2005-01-01

    The Internet is often called "The Information Highway," a metaphor that implies that there is a straight, clearly mapped path to obtaining information. In reality, it is more like a maze with twists and turns and many dead ends. Efficient navigation strategies must be taught; they will not be acquired through osmosis. Schools with a strong…

  12. InsT 5030/6030 Information Access

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Outreach

    2005-10-07

    Are you up for the challenge? Information librarians are information athletes. Depending on the time of day, week, or year, the librarian may be trying to answer questions at a rate as high as 30 an hour. Instantly they have to know exactly in what part of the library collection, in what specific source, ...

  13. The Legal Framework for Language Access in Healthcare Settings: Title VI and Beyond

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alice Hm Chen; Mara K. Youdelman; Jamie Brooks

    2007-01-01

    Over the past few decades, the number and diversity of limited English speakers in the USA has burgeoned. With this increased\\u000a diversity has come increased pressure—including new legal requirements—on healthcare systems and clinicians to ensure equal\\u000a treatment of limited English speakers. Healthcare providers are often unclear about their legal obligations to provide language\\u000a services. In this article, we describe the

  14. Effects of iconicity and semantic relatedness on lexical access in american sign language.

    PubMed

    Bosworth, Rain G; Emmorey, Karen

    2010-11-01

    Iconicity is a property that pervades the lexicon of many sign languages, including American Sign Language (ASL). Iconic signs exhibit a motivated, nonarbitrary mapping between the form of the sign and its meaning. We investigated whether iconicity enhances semantic priming effects for ASL and whether iconic signs are recognized more quickly than noniconic signs are (controlling for strength of iconicity, semantic relatedness, familiarity, and imageability). Twenty deaf signers made lexical decisions to the 2nd item of a prime-target pair. Iconic target signs were preceded by prime signs that were (a) iconic and semantically related, (b) noniconic and semantically related, or (c) semantically unrelated. In addition, a set of noniconic target signs was preceded by semantically unrelated primes. Significant facilitation was observed for target signs when they were preceded by semantically related primes. However, iconicity did not increase the priming effect (e.g., the target sign PIANO was primed equally by the iconic sign GUITAR and the noniconic sign MUSIC). In addition, iconic signs were not recognized faster or more accurately than were noniconic signs. These results confirm the existence of semantic priming for sign language and suggest that iconicity does not play a robust role in online lexical processing. PMID:20919784

  15. Effects of Iconicity and Semantic Relatedness on Lexical Access in American Sign Language

    PubMed Central

    Bosworth, Rain G.; Emmorey, Karen

    2010-01-01

    Iconicity is a property that pervades the lexicon of many sign languages, including American Sign Language (ASL). Iconic signs exhibit a motivated, non-arbitrary mapping between the form of the sign and its meaning. We investigated whether iconicity enhances semantic priming effects for ASL and whether iconic signs are recognized more quickly than non-iconic signs (controlling for strength of iconicity, semantic relatedness, familiarity, and imageability). Twenty deaf signers made lexical decisions to the second item of a prime-target pair. Iconic target signs were preceded by prime signs that were a) iconic and semantically related, b) non-iconic and semantically related, or c) semantically unrelated. In addition, a set of non-iconic target signs was preceded by semantically unrelated primes. Significant facilitation was observed for target signs when preceded by semantically related primes. However, iconicity did not increase the priming effect (e.g., the target sign PIANO was primed equally by the iconic sign GUITAR and the non-iconic sign MUSIC). In addition, iconic signs were not recognized faster or more accurately than non-iconic signs. These results confirm the existence of semantic priming for sign language and suggest that iconicity does not play a robust role in on-line lexical processing. PMID:20919784

  16. Evaluating Web-Based Information: Access and Accuracy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Markwell, John; Brooks, David W.

    2008-03-01

    This paper discusses the rate at which selected biochemistry Web site text hyperlinks lost viability and cites reports in which the veracity of Web materials is studied. The 515 URL links (chosen in August 2000 as resources for biochemistry courses taken online by high school teachers) were tracked to collect data on the numbers and the top-level domain types of the hyperlinks that no longer functioned. Possible causes are discussed, as well as the potential benefits and risks associated with public access to material on the World Wide Web.

  17. The Grammar of Information: Challenges for Older Students With Language Impairments

    PubMed Central

    Scott, Cheryl M.; Balthazar, Catherine H.

    2011-01-01

    Purpose The purpose of this article is to describe the nature of informational (expository) language in terms of unique grammatical characteristics and discuss applications for assessment and intervention for older school-age children and adolescents with language impairments. Methods Information presented is based on a selected literature review of topics including the nature of academic texts, expository text processing of older children and adolescents with language impairments and/or learning disabilities, and language intervention studies that target higher level language in the same populations. Results We summarize key grammatical strategies found in informational text: (1) complex nominal (noun phrase) groups, (2) clausal subordination, and (3) theme and information mechanisms. Although facility with these structures is not routinely or systematically tested by language clinicians, we highlight assessment procedures useful this purpose. Promising intervention evidence suggests that grammatical features characteristic of informational text can be targeted with positive results for students who struggle with this aspect of higher level language. Conclusions Success comprehending and producing informational text requires unique grammatical knowledge. A qualitative literature review is used to derive best practices in assessment and intervention with school-age children who are particularly challenged by these types of texts. PMID:23596344

  18. The Post-September 11 Environment: Access to Government Information

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2001-01-01

    OMB Watch (a watchdog agency of the White House Office of Management and Budget, which in part overseas information collection and dissemination to the public) is currently maintaining a list of governmental Websites that have removed information in response to the September 11 terrorist attacks. For example, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission has removed documents from their Website that detail the specifications of energy facilities in the US. The listing has brief descriptions of the newly missing information and direct links to the sites.

  19. Integration of access control and ancillary information systems

    SciTech Connect

    Rodriguez, J.R.; Ahrens, J.S.

    1995-07-01

    The DOE has identified the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory ARGUS system as the standard entry control system for the DOE Complex. ARGUS integrates several key functions, specifically, badging, entry control, and verification of clearance status. Not all sites need or can afford an ARGUS system. Such sites are therefore limited to commercial equipment which provide ARGUS like features. In this project an alternative way to integrate commercial equipment into an integrated system to include badging, access control, property control, and automated verification of clearance status has been investigated. Such a system would provide smaller sites the same functionality as is provided by ARGUS. Further, it would allow sites to fully participate in the DOE`s concept of Complex wide access control. This multi-year task is comprised of three phases. Phase 1, system requirements and definitions, and phase 2, software and hardware development, were completed during fiscal year 1994. This report covers these two phases and the demonstration system which resulted. Phase three would employ the demonstration system to evaluate system performance, identify operational limits and to integrate additional features. The demonstration system includes a badging station, a database server, a managers workstation, an entry control system, and a property protection system. The functions have been integrated through the use of custom interfaces and operator screens which greatly increase ease of use.

  20. Last Updated: June 24, 2014 Page 1 of 4 CUNY HRPP Guidance: Suggested Language for Informed Consent Documents

    E-print Network

    Rosen, Jay

    Language for Informed Consent Documents Please use the suggested language included. If an insurer, employer, or other person obtains your written consent to receive consent, information that would identify you as a participant in the research

  1. LanguageNet: A novel framework for processing unstructured text information

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pir Abdul Rasool Qureshi; Nasrullah Memon; Uffe Kock Wiil

    2011-01-01

    In this paper we present LanguageNet-a novel framework for processing unstructured text information from human generated content. The state of the art information processing frameworks have some shortcomings: modeled in generalized form, trained on fixed (limited) data sets, and leaving the specialization necessary for information consolidation to the end users. The proposed framework is the first major attempt to address

  2. 1 CFR 456.4 - Public access to information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...information pursuant to the Act, based upon the following requester...Commission may draw reasonable inferences from the requester's identity... (v) The existence and magnitude of a commercial interest...in disclosure: Whether the magnitude of the identified...

  3. 1 CFR 456.4 - Public access to information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...information pursuant to the Act, based upon the following requester...Commission may draw reasonable inferences from the requester's identity... (v) The existence and magnitude of a commercial interest...in disclosure: Whether the magnitude of the identified...

  4. 1 CFR 456.4 - Public access to information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...information pursuant to the Act, based upon the following requester...Commission may draw reasonable inferences from the requester's identity... (v) The existence and magnitude of a commercial interest...in disclosure: Whether the magnitude of the identified...

  5. 1 CFR 456.4 - Public access to information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...information pursuant to the Act, based upon the following requester...Commission may draw reasonable inferences from the requester's identity... (v) The existence and magnitude of a commercial interest...in disclosure: Whether the magnitude of the identified...

  6. 5 CFR 1303.10 - Access to information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES...information. (a) The Office of Management and Budget makes available...the FOIA Officer, Office of Management and Budget, 725 17th Street...

  7. 5 CFR 1303.10 - Access to information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES...information. (a) The Office of Management and Budget makes available...the FOIA Officer, Office of Management and Budget, 725 17th Street...

  8. 5 CFR 1303.10 - Access to information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES...information. (a) The Office of Management and Budget makes available...the FOIA Officer, Office of Management and Budget, 725 17th Street...

  9. TEXTS AND NATURAL LANGUAGE PROCESSINGS IN INFORMATION RETRIEVAL

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tengku Mohd; T. Sembok

    The levels-of-processing theory proposes that there are many ways to process and code information. The level of processing adopted will determine the quality of the representation used to store the information in the computer memory or storage. The levels-of-processing applied in information retrieval can be classified as follows: string processing, morphological processing, syntactic processing and semantic processing. These level-of-processing are

  10. A General Game Description Language for Incomplete Information Games Michael Thielscher

    E-print Network

    Thielscher, Michael

    A General Game Description Language for Incomplete Information Games Michael Thielscher School A General Game Player is a system that can play previously unknown games given nothing but their rules. The Game Description Language (GDL) has been developed as a high- level knowledge representation formalism

  11. A Two-Stage Incremental Annotation Approach to Constructing A Network Informal Language Corpus

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yunqing Xia; Kam-Fai Wong; Robert Luk

    2005-01-01

    Network Informal Language (NIL) refers to the special human language widely used in the commu- nity of digital network chat via platforms such as chat rooms\\/tools, mobile phone short message ser- vices (SMS), bulletin board systems (BBS), emails, etc. NIL holds anomalous characteristics in forming words, phrases, and non-alphabetical characters. This makes it difficult to handle NIL text by conven-

  12. 15 CFR 784.1 - Complementary access: General information on the purpose of complementary access, affected...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...Foreign Trade (Continued) BUREAU OF INDUSTRY AND SECURITY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE...relating to that information. (i) In the event that the IAEA has a question about...obtain an administrative warrant in the event that a location does not consent to...

  13. User Effort and Network Structure Mediate Access to Information in Networks

    E-print Network

    Kang, Jeon-Hyung

    2015-01-01

    Individuals' access to information in a social network depends on its distributed and where in the network individuals position themselves. However, individuals have limited capacity to manage their social connections and process information. In this work, we study how this limited capacity and network structure interact to affect the diversity of information social media users receive. Previous studies of the role of networks in information access were limited in their ability to measure the diversity of information. We address this problem by learning the topics of interest to social media users by observing messages they share online with their followers. We present a probabilistic model that incorporates human cognitive constraints in a generative model of information sharing. We then use the topics learned by the model to measure the diversity of information users receive from their social media contacts. We confirm that users in structurally diverse network positions, which bridge otherwise disconnected...

  14. Biomimetic design through natural language analysis to facilitate cross-domain information retrieval

    E-print Network

    Shu, Lily H.

    Biomimetic design through natural language analysis to facilitate cross-domain information, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (Received October 11, 2005; Accepted May 17, 2006! Abstract Biomimetic. Several instances of biomimetic design result from personal observations of biological phenomena. How

  15. UB at CLEF2004: Cross Language Information Retrieval Using Statistical Language Models

    E-print Network

    Ruiz, Miguel E.

    modeling. Our Adhoc retrieval work used the TAPIR toolkit de- veloped in house by M Srikanth. Our approach the TAPIR (Text Analysis and Processing for Information Retrieval) toolkit which was originally developed

  16. Ontology-Based Federated Data Access to Human Studies Information

    PubMed Central

    Sim, Ida; Carini, Simona; Tu, Samson W.; Detwiler, Landon T.; Brinkley, James; Mollah, Shamim A.; Burke, Karl; Lehmann, Harold P.; Chakraborty, Swati; Wittkowski, Knut M.; Pollock, Brad H.; Johnson, Thomas M.; Huser, Vojtech

    2012-01-01

    Human studies are one of the most valuable sources of knowledge in biomedical research, but data about their design and results are currently widely dispersed in siloed systems. Federation of these data is needed to facilitate large-scale data analysis to realize the goals of evidence-based medicine. The Human Studies Database project has developed an informatics infrastructure for federated query of human studies databases, using a generalizable approach to ontology-based data access. Our approach has three main components. First, the Ontology of Clinical Research (OCRe) provides the reference semantics. Second, a data model, automatically derived from OCRe into XSD, maintains semantic synchrony of the underlying representations while facilitating data acquisition using common XML technologies. Finally, the Query Integrator issues queries distributed over the data, OCRe, and other ontologies such as SNOMED in BioPortal. We report on a demonstration of this infrastructure on data acquired from institutional systems and from ClinicalTrials.gov. PMID:23304360

  17. Analysis of Decision Factors for the Application of Information Access Controls within the Organization

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foerster, Carl A.

    2013-01-01

    The application of access controls on internal information necessarily impacts the availability of that information for sharing inside the enterprise. The decisions establishing the degree of control are a crucial first step to balance the requirements to protect and share. This research develops a set of basic decision factors and examines other…

  18. The Internet as a Reference Tool: Accessing Scientific and Technical Information via the World Wide Web.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mosier, Mona L.

    Los Alamos National Laboratory's Research Library has developed a World Wide Web (WWW) page to allow laboratory staff, as well as individuals from around the world, access to information via the Internet. While many Web pages offer information solely on the organization, the Los Alamos National Laboratory page provides links to reference materials…

  19. Resolving the Digital Divide: Information, Access, and Opportunity. Conference Report (Washington, DC, October 19, 1999).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Coordination Office for Information Technology Research and Development, Arlington, VA.

    This report represents the findings and recommendations of the "Resolving the Digital Divide: Information, Access, and Opportunity" conference, the first in a series of conferences designed to provide feedback to the President's Information Technology Advisory Committee (PITAC) on issues of the digital divide. Conference panelists were a diverse…

  20. What Works Clearinghouse Quick Review: "Information and College Access: Evidence from a Randomized Field Experiment"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    What Works Clearinghouse, 2013

    2013-01-01

    "Information and College Access: Evidence From a Randomized Field Experiment" examined the impact of offering an online informational video and financial aid materials to high school students on: (1) their postsecondary aspirations, (2) the accuracy of their understanding of financial aid availability, and (3) the accuracy of their estimates of…