Sample records for language information access

  1. The Language of Information Technology: Accessibility in the Information Society.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Warmkessel, Marjorie M.

    The language of information technology is discussed, with a focus on accessibility in the information society. The metaphors of information technology as an "information superhighway" or "infobahn" are analyzed; limitations of the "road system" and developments of Internet systems are considered. The concept of connectivity of the rhizome in "A…

  2. Exploring the Further Integration of Machine Translation in English-Chinese Cross Language Information Access

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wu, Dan; He, Daqing

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: This paper seeks to examine the further integration of machine translation technologies with cross language information access in providing web users the capabilities of accessing information beyond language barriers. Machine translation and cross language information access are related technologies, and yet they have their own unique…

  3. Access to Biomedical Information: The Unified Medical Language System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Squires, Steven J.

    1993-01-01

    Describes the development of a Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) by the National Library of Medicine that will retrieve and integrate information from a variety of information resources. Highlights include the metathesaurus; the UMLS semantic network; semantic locality; information sources map; evaluation of the metathesaurus; future…

  4. Multilingual human-computer interactions: from information access to language learning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Victor Zue; Stephanie Seneff; Joseph Polifroni; Helen M. Meng; James R. Glass

    1996-01-01

    This paper describes our recent work in developing multilingual conversational systems that support human-computer interactions. Our approach is based on the premise that a common semantic rep- resentation can be extracted from the input for all languages, at least within the context of restricted domains. In our design of such sys- tems, language dependent information is separated from the system

  5. MENELAS: an access system for medical records using natural language

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pierre Zweigenbaum

    1994-01-01

    The overall goal of Menelas is to provide better access to the information contained in natural language patient discharge summaries, through the design and implementation of a pilot system able to access medical reports through natural languages. A first, experimental version of the Menelas indexing prototype for French has been assembled. Its function is to encode free text PDSs into

  6. Self-Access and the Adult Language Learner.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Esch, Edith, Ed.

    The immediate stimulus for this collection of papers was a conference, Self-Access and the Adult Language Learner, organized by the Centre for Information on Language Teaching and Research (CILT) and the Language Centre of the University of Cambridge in December 1992 at Queen's College, Cambridge. Several 1-day conferences on the same theme were…

  7. South Florida Information Access

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The South Florida Information Access (SOFIA) is part of the United States Geological Survey (USGS) place-based studies program. The program enables the USGS to assist resource managers in resolving environmental problems in ecosystem sites. This website provides the latest news, fact sheets, reports, poster presentations, a data exchange, and science forum regarding South Florida ecosystems. Florida time scales and geologic maps are provided for background information. The site is searchable, or can be browsed by region, program, or subject such as wildlife, ecosystem information, hydrology, and geochemistry.

  8. Health websites: accessibility and usability for american sign language users.

    PubMed

    Kushalnagar, Poorna; Naturale, Joan; Paludneviciene, Raylene; Smith, Scott R; Werfel, Emily; Doolittle, Richard; Jacobs, Stephen; DeCaro, James

    2015-08-01

    To date, there have been efforts toward creating better health information access for Deaf American Sign Language (ASL) users. However, the usability of websites with access to health information in ASL has not been evaluated. Our article focuses on the usability of four health websites that include ASL videos. We seek to obtain ASL users' perspectives on the navigation of these ASL-accessible websites, finding the health information that they needed, and perceived ease of understanding ASL video content. ASL users (n = 32) were instructed to find specific information on four ASL-accessible websites, and answered questions related to (a) navigation to find the task, (b) website usability, and (c) ease of understanding ASL video content for each of the four websites. Participants also gave feedback on what they would like to see in an ASL health library website, including the benefit of added captioning and/or signer model to medical illustration of health videos. Participants who had lower health literacy had greater difficulty in finding information on ASL-accessible health websites. This article also describes the participants' preferences for an ideal ASL-accessible health website, and concludes with a discussion on the role of accessible websites in promoting health literacy in ASL users. PMID:24901350

  9. Cross-Language Information Retrieval.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oard, Douglas W.; Diekema, Anne R.

    1998-01-01

    Reviews research and practice in cross-language information retrieval (CLIR) that seeks to support the process of finding documents written in one natural language with automated systems that can accept queries expressed in other languages. Addresses user needs, document preprocessing, query formulation, matching strategies, sources of translation…

  10. Information Access Router for Integrated Information Access System Koji Murakami

    E-print Network

    Information Access Router for Integrated Information Access System Koji Murakami Department System (IIAS) that accepts diverse kinds of questions and provides the requested information in the most will report on the implementation of one important com- ponent of the system, the Information Ac- cess Router

  11. Tower: A Language for Role Based Access Control

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael Hitchens; Vijay Varadharajan

    2001-01-01

    A language for specifying role-based access control (RBAC) policies is presented. The language is designed to support the\\u000a range of access control policies of commercial object systems. The basic structures of RBAC, such as role, users and permission,\\u000a are present in the language as basic constructs. Examples are given in the language of access control situations, such as\\u000a static and

  12. PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES FOR INFORMATION A Dissertation

    E-print Network

    Zdancewic, Steve

    PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES FOR INFORMATION SECURITY A Dissertation Presented to the Faculty #12;PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES FOR INFORMATION SECURITY Stephan Arthur Zdancewic, Ph.D. Cornell University, which use static typ- ing to enforce information-flow security policies. These languages allow

  13. An Access Path Specification Language for restructuring network databases

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Donald Swartwout

    1977-01-01

    The Access Path Specification Language (APSL) is a high-level essentially nonprocedural language for specifying restructuring transformations of network databases. It does so in terms of application-oriented concepts such as access strategies and selection criteria. APSL's approach to restructuring emphasizes description of the source structures from which target data is to be retrieved, rather than the operations needed to convert source

  14. Mobile Information Access M. Satyanarayanan

    E-print Network

    . Yet another example involves emergency medical response to a case of poisoning: the responding personnel will need rapid access to medical databases describing poison symptoms and antidotes, as well a tantalizing glimpse of the power of mobile information access. We then examine the major obstacles on the path

  15. Accessibility of Outdated Information

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Brien, Edward J.; Cook, Anne E.; Gueraud, Sabine

    2010-01-01

    In 2 previous studies (O'Brien, Rizzella, Albrecht, & Halleran, 1998; Zwaan & Madden, 2004), researchers have provided conflicting accounts about whether outdated information continues to influence the comprehension of subsequent text. The current set of experiments was designed to explore further the impact of outdated information on…

  16. Biomedical information retrieval across languages.

    PubMed

    Daumke, Philipp; Markü, Kornél; Poprat, Michael; Schulz, Stefan; Klar, Rüdiger

    2007-06-01

    This work presents a new dictionary-based approach to biomedical cross-language information retrieval (CLIR) that addresses many of the general and domain-specific challenges in current CLIR research. Our method is based on a multilingual lexicon that was generated partly manually and partly automatically, and currently covers six European languages. It contains morphologically meaningful word fragments, termed subwords. Using subwords instead of entire words significantly reduces the number of lexical entries necessary to sufficiently cover a specific language and domain. Mediation between queries and documents is based on these subwords as well as on lists of word-n-grams that are generated from large monolingual corpora and constitute possible translation units. The translations are then sent to a standard Internet search engine. This process makes our approach an effective tool for searching the biomedical content of the World Wide Web in different languages. We evaluate this approach using the OHSUMED corpus, a large medical document collection, within a cross-language retrieval setting. PMID:17541863

  17. A Natural Language Query Interface to Structured Information

    E-print Network

    Bontcheva, Kalina

    A Natural Language Query Interface to Structured Information Valentin Tablan, Danica Damljanovic interface for accessing structured information, that is domain independent and easy to use without training. It aims to bring the simplicity of Google's search interface to conceptual retrieval by automatically

  18. PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES FOR INFORMATION A Dissertation

    E-print Network

    Zdancewic, Steve

    PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES FOR INFORMATION SECURITY A Dissertation Presented to the Faculty #12; PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES FOR INFORMATION SECURITY Stephan Arthur Zdancewic, Ph.D. Cornell University, which use static typ­ ing to enforce information­flow security policies. These languages allow

  19. XML-based Access Control Languages C.A. Ardagna E. Damiani S. De Capitani di Vimercati P. Samarati

    E-print Network

    Samarati, Pierangela

    to be taken into con- sideration in designing an access control language for Internet information systems. We the functionalities of most policy representation mechanisms. 1 Introduction Accessing information on the global Internet has become an essential requirement of the modern economy. Information is however one of

  20. Accessible Information Space to Promote Accessible Tourism

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Franz Pühretmair; Klaus Miesenberger

    2006-01-01

    Currently about 10-20% of the population are affected by a disability from temporary or permanent nature. For these people\\u000a accessibility is a requirement and a necessity. The implementation of accessibility concerns all areas of he society, including\\u000a tourism objects and tourism services. Besides being a social demand, accessibility has an economic dimension and is an indicator\\u000a for quality, a trademark

  1. Access to Geographic Information: Openness versus Security

    E-print Network

    Onsrud, Harlan J.

    Access to Geographic Information: Openness versus Security Professor Harlan Onsrud Department that ultimately appeared as Onsrud, H.J., 2003, Access to Geographic Information: Openness versus Security of Spatial Information Science and Engineering University of Maine Orono, Maine Onsrud

  2. Language Nonselective Lexical Access in Bilingual Toddlers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Von Holzen, Katie; Mani, Nivedita

    2012-01-01

    We examined how words from bilingual toddlers' second language (L2) primed recognition of related target words in their first language (L1). On critical trials, prime-target word pairs were either (a) phonologically related, with L2 primes overlapped phonologically with L1 target words [e.g., "slide" (L2 prime)-"Kleid" (L1 target, "dress")], or…

  3. An Access Control Language for a General Provenance Model

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Qun Ni; Shouhuai Xu; Elisa Bertino; Ravi S. Sandhu; Weili Han

    2009-01-01

    Provenance access control has been recognized as one of the most important components in an enterprise-level provenance system.\\u000a However, it has only received little attention in the context of data security research. One important challenge in provenance\\u000a access control is the lack of an access control language that supports its specific requirements, e.g., the support of both\\u000a fine-grained policies and

  4. Rewriting public health information in plain language.

    PubMed

    Rudd, Rima E; Kaphingst, Kimberly; Colton, Tayla; Gregoire, John; Hyde, James

    2004-01-01

    Public health materials are often designed to inform and rally the public to spur action and maintain vigilance on important issues to family, work, community, and public policy. Limited access to public health information certainly curtails knowledge and awareness but may also hamper action and civic involvement. A growth in published assessments of health materials indicates an increased interest in the mismatch between the reading level of most health materials and the reading ability of the average adult. However, while several guidebooks offer suggestions for developing new materials, little attention has been given to the process of rewriting materials and grappling with bureaucratic language. We describe, in this case study, a process we used to assess and then rewrite a federally mandated report to consumers about the quality of their water. PMID:15360033

  5. Relational Database Access Layers A Pattern Language

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jens Coldewey; Wolfgang Keller

    1996-01-01

    Constructor [Lan96] encapsulated in a View Factory.Pattern: Transaction ObjectYou applied the Relational Database Access Layer Framework. You need to define an interfacefor the start, commit and abort of transactions.An interface for transactions should separate transaction specific concerns from other concernsin the database access layer. The interface should be easy to use and easy to create. Collaboration with theexception handling mechanism

  6. Word Order and Information Status in Child Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Narasimhan, Bhuvana; Dimroth, Christine

    2008-01-01

    In expressing rich, multi-dimensional thought in language, speakers are influenced by a range of factors that influence the ordering of utterance constituents. A fundamental principle that guides constituent ordering in adults has to do with information status, the accessibility of referents in discourse. Typically, adults order previously…

  7. Lexical Access and Foreign Language Acquisition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lutjeharms, Madeline

    A review of the literature and teacher observations are used to examine the processes and strategies by which second language learners attain and organize verbal knowledge. Classroom data are derived from experience in teaching German to Dutch-speaking university students. The analysis looks at the relationship of morphology and word recognition…

  8. Examining Language of Information Books for Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Inan, Hatice Zeynep

    2010-01-01

    In recent years, inclusion of information books in early childhood centers is well-advised since children show fast developing knowledge of information book language and enjoy reading those books. The aim of the current study is to discuss features of information books' language by examining the illustrations and texts of randomly selected 15…

  9. The Assessment of Self-Access Language Learning: Practical Challenges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reinders, Hayo; Lazaro, Noemi

    2008-01-01

    Self-access centers are a popular type of language support offered by an increasing number of schools and universities around the world. Assessment of the learning that takes place in such centers is seen as both crucial and problematic. Many barriers to successful assessment appear to exist, but these have not been comprehensively documented,…

  10. NASA Access Mechanism - Graphical user interface information retrieval system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hunter, Judy F.; Generous, Curtis; Duncan, Denise

    1993-01-01

    Access to online information sources of aerospace, scientific, and engineering data, a mission focus for NASA's Scientific and Technical Information Program, has always been limited by factors such as telecommunications, query language syntax, lack of standardization in the information, and the lack of adequate tools to assist in searching. Today, the NASA STI Program's NASA Access Mechanism (NAM) prototype offers a solution to these problems by providing the user with a set of tools that provide a graphical interface to remote, heterogeneous, and distributed information in a manner adaptable to both casual and expert users. Additionally, the NAM provides access to many Internet-based services such as Electronic Mail, the Wide Area Information Servers system, Peer Locating tools, and electronic bulletin boards.

  11. NASA access mechanism: Graphical user interface information retrieval system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hunter, Judy; Generous, Curtis; Duncan, Denise

    1993-01-01

    Access to online information sources of aerospace, scientific, and engineering data, a mission focus for NASA's Scientific and Technical Information Program, has always been limited to factors such as telecommunications, query language syntax, lack of standardization in the information, and the lack of adequate tools to assist in searching. Today, the NASA STI Program's NASA Access Mechanism (NAM) prototype offers a solution to these problems by providing the user with a set of tools that provide a graphical interface to remote, heterogeneous, and distributed information in a manner adaptable to both casual and expert users. Additionally, the NAM provides access to many Internet-based services such as Electronic Mail, the Wide Area Information Servers system, Peer Locating tools, and electronic bulletin boards.

  12. Following is a collection of web links that provide information on Microsoft Access, Structured Query Language (SQL), and databases in general. This list does not serve as an endorsement of

    E-print Network

    Following is a collection of web links that provide information on Microsoft Access, Structured commercial providers or their products. Microsoft Access Links Database Design Primer: A Beginners Guide discuss creating the physical database in Microsoft Access. http://www.cemml.colostate.edu/files/TPS_05

  13. Rethinking of medical information retrieval and access

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nong Chen; Ajantha Dahanayake

    2004-01-01

    Personalized information retrieval and access is critical to applications in the medical and healthcare domain where the accuracy of the retrieved information and obtaining it in a time critical situation are extremely important. Existing personalized information retrieval and access approaches in the medical and healthcare domain have improved in the last decade, but the centralized system design principle is impeding

  14. Multilingual Information Discovery and AccesS (MIDAS): A Joint ACM DL'99/ ACM SIGIR'99 Workshop.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oard, Douglas; Peters, Carol; Ruiz, Miguel; Frederking, Robert; Klavans, Judith; Sheridan, Paraic

    1999-01-01

    Discusses a multidisciplinary workshop that addressed issues concerning internationally distributed information networks. Highlights include multilingual information access in media other than character-coded text; cross-language information retrieval and multilingual metadata; and evaluation of multilingual systems. (LRW)

  15. Lexical access in sign language: a computational model

    PubMed Central

    Caselli, Naomi K.; Cohen-Goldberg, Ariel M.

    2014-01-01

    Psycholinguistic theories have predominantly been built upon data from spoken language, which leaves open the question: How many of the conclusions truly reflect language-general principles as opposed to modality-specific ones? We take a step toward answering this question in the domain of lexical access in recognition by asking whether a single cognitive architecture might explain diverse behavioral patterns in signed and spoken language. Chen and Mirman (2012) presented a computational model of word processing that unified opposite effects of neighborhood density in speech production, perception, and written word recognition. Neighborhood density effects in sign language also vary depending on whether the neighbors share the same handshape or location. We present a spreading activation architecture that borrows the principles proposed by Chen and Mirman (2012), and show that if this architecture is elaborated to incorporate relatively minor facts about either (1) the time course of sign perception or (2) the frequency of sub-lexical units in sign languages, it produces data that match the experimental findings from sign languages. This work serves as a proof of concept that a single cognitive architecture could underlie both sign and word recognition. PMID:24860539

  16. Introduction: Natural Language Processing and Information Retrieval.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smeaton, Alan F.

    1990-01-01

    Discussion of research into information and text retrieval problems highlights the work with automatic natural language processing (NLP) that is reported in this issue. Topics discussed include the occurrences of nominal compounds; anaphoric references; discontinuous language constructs; automatic back-of-the-book indexing; and full-text analysis.…

  17. Information Access and Privacy Protection Office

    E-print Network

    deYoung, Brad

    as sensitive personal information. Most often, people consider their health information to be sensitive are considered to be sensitive personal information. EMAIL AND FAXES ARE OFFICIAL RECORDS Email and faxedInformation Access and Privacy Protection Office I A P P Guidelines for Using Personal Information

  18. Locally accessible information and distillation of entanglement

    SciTech Connect

    Ghosh, Sibasish [Department of Computer Science, University of York, Heslington, York, YO10 (United Kingdom); Joag, Pramod [Department of Physics, University of Pune, Ganeshkhind, Pune 411 007 (India); Kar, Guruprasad; Kunkri, Samir [Physics and Applied Mathematics Unit, Indian Statistical Institute, 203, B.T. Road, Kolkata 700 108 (India); Roy, Anirban [Institute of Mathematical Sciences, CIT Campus, Taramani, Chennai 600 113 (India)

    2005-01-01

    A different type of complementarity relation is found between locally accessible information and final average entanglement for a given ensemble. It is also shown that in some well-known distillation protocols, this complementary relation is optimally satisfied. We discuss the interesting trade-off between locally accessible information and distillable entanglement for some states.

  19. Locally Accessible Information and Distillation of Entanglement

    E-print Network

    Ghosh, S; Kar, G; Kunkri, S; Roy, A; Ghosh, Sibasish; Joag, Pramod; Kar, Guruprasad; Kunkri, Samir; Roy, Anirban

    2004-01-01

    A new type of complementary relation is found between locally accessible information and final average entanglement for given ensemble. It is also shown that in some well known distillation protocol, this complementary relation is optimally satisfied. We discuss the interesting trade-off between locally accessible information and distillable entanglement for some states.

  20. Natural Language Tools for Information Extraction

    E-print Network

    Shapiro, Stuart C.

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 4 Tools that automatically process text 34 4.1 AeroText (Lockheed MartinNatural Language Tools for Information Extraction for Soft Target Exploitation and Fusion Final

  1. Rising Expectations: Access to Biomedical Information

    PubMed Central

    Lindberg, D. A. B.; Humphreys, B. L.

    2008-01-01

    Summary Objective To provide an overview of the expansion in public access to electronic biomedical information over the past two decades, with an emphasis on developments to which the U.S. National Library of Medicine contributed. Methods Review of the increasingly broad spectrum of web-accessible genomic data, biomedical literature, consumer health information, clinical trials data, and images. Results The amount of publicly available electronic biomedical information has increased dramatically over the past twenty years. Rising expectations regarding access to biomedical information were stimulated by the spread of the Internet, the World Wide Web, advanced searching and linking techniques. These informatics advances simplified and improved access to electronic information and reduced costs, which enabled inter-organizational collaborations to build and maintain large international information resources and also aided outreach and education efforts The demonstrated benefits of free access to electronic biomedical information encouraged the development of public policies that further increase the amount of information available. Conclusions Continuing rapid growth of publicly accessible electronic biomedical information presents tremendous opportunities and challenges, including the need to ensure uninterrupted access during disasters or emergencies and to manage digital resources so they remain available for future generations. PMID:18587496

  2. Access-Limited Logic: A language for knowledge representation

    SciTech Connect

    Crawford, J.M. Jr.

    1990-01-01

    Access-Limited Logic (ALL) is a language for knowledge representation which formalizes the access limitations inherent in a network structured knowledge-base. Where a deductive method such as resolution would retrieve all assertions that satisfy a given pattern, an access-limited logic retrieves all assertions reachable by following an available access path. The time complexity of inference is thus a polynomial function of the size of the accessible portion of the knowledge-base, rather than the size of the entire knowledge-base. Access-Limited Logic, though incomplete, still has a well defined semantics and a weakened form of completeness, Socratic Completeness, which guarantees that for any query which is a logical consequence of the knowledge-base, there exists a series of queries after which the original query will succeed. The author has implemented ALL in Lisp and it has been used to build several non-trivial systems, including versions of Qualitative Process Theory and Pearl's probability networks. ALL is a step toward providing the properties - clean semantics, efficient inference, expressive power - which will be necessary to build large, effective knowledge bases.

  3. Associative programming language and virtual associative access manager

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Price, C.

    1978-01-01

    APL provides convenient associative data manipulation functions in a high level language. Six statements were added to PL/1 via a preprocessor: CREATE, INSERT, FIND, FOR EACH, REMOVE, and DELETE. They allow complete control of all data base operations. During execution, data base management programs perform the functions required to support the APL language. VAAM is the data base management system designed to support the APL language. APL/VAAM is used by CADANCE, an interactive graphic computer system. VAAM is designed to support heavily referenced files. Virtual memory files, which utilize the paging mechanism of the operating system, are used. VAAM supports a full network data structure. The two basic blocks in a VAAM file are entities and sets. Entities are the basic information element and correspond to PL/1 based structures defined by the user. Sets contain the relationship information and are implemented as arrays.

  4. A Framework for Context Sensitive Risk-Based Access Control in Medical Information Systems

    PubMed Central

    Choi, Donghee; Kim, Dohoon; Park, Seog

    2015-01-01

    Since the access control environment has changed and the threat of insider information leakage has come to the fore, studies on risk-based access control models that decide access permissions dynamically have been conducted vigorously. Medical information systems should protect sensitive data such as medical information from insider threat and enable dynamic access control depending on the context such as life-threatening emergencies. In this paper, we suggest an approach and framework for context sensitive risk-based access control suitable for medical information systems. This approach categorizes context information, estimating and applying risk through context- and treatment-based permission profiling and specifications by expanding the eXtensible Access Control Markup Language (XACML) to apply risk. The proposed framework supports quick responses to medical situations and prevents unnecessary insider data access through dynamic access authorization decisions in accordance with the severity of the context and treatment.

  5. Computers in the Teaching of English as a Foreign Language: Access to the Diversity of Textual Genres and Language Skills

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dos Santos, Roberto-Márcio; Sobrinho, Jerônimo Coura

    In the area of language teaching both language skills and textual genres can be worked with simultaneously (thus responding to the Brazilian Curricular Parameters and to the trends in contemporary education, which emphasize contextualized teaching) by means of computers. Computers can make the teaching process dynamic and rich, since they enable the access to the foreign language through virtual environments, which creates a larger number of learning contexts, with all their specific vocabulary and linguistic features in real communication. This study focuses on possible applications of this kind of approach. The computer online is a resource of diverse textual genres and can be an important tool in the language classroom as well as an access to authentic material produced in contextualized practice close to real-life communication. On the other hand, all these materials must be appropriately used without ever worshipping the technology as if it were a miraculous solution. After all, the professional pedagogic skills of the teacher should never be forgotten or taken for granted. In this study, a series of interviews with teachers was carried out - both with Brazilian teachers of the public sector (basic education) and language institutes (private English courses) as well as teacher trainers (university professors), in order to verify if the teachers were prepared to work with informatics in teaching practices, and check the professionals’ views on the subject. The ideas of Maingueneau and Marcuschi about textual genres are a theoretical base in this work, besides the concept of cognitive economy. The text and its typology are focused here as the basic material for teaching English, through digital technologies and hypermedia. The study is also based on Sharma and Barrett’s notion of blended learning as a balanced combination of technological resources and traditional practices in the classroom. Thus, this is an attempt to investigate the relevance of information and communication technologies in the education and professional practice of English teachers in Brazil in the context of the 21st century.

  6. Natural Language Information Retrieval: Progress Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perez-Carballo, Jose; Strzalkowski, Tomek

    2000-01-01

    Reports on the progress of the natural language information retrieval project, a joint effort led by GE (General Electric) Research, and its evaluation at the sixth TREC (Text Retrieval Conference). Discusses stream-based information retrieval, which uses alternative methods of document indexing; advanced linguistic streams; weighting; and query…

  7. Uncovering Information: Subject Access to Information in Libraries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    The Bookmark, 1989

    1989-01-01

    The 16 articles in this theme issue focus on ways in which libraries provide subject access to their collections in a fast-changing technological environment: (1) "Uncovering Information" (Neal K. Kaske and Peter Paulson); (2) "The New York State Library's Evolving Public Access Catalog" (Alexandria Wolff and Jean Hargrave); (3) "Online Access to…

  8. Language Access and Theory of Mind Reasoning: Evidence from Deaf Children in Bilingual and Oralist Environments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meristo, Marek; Falkman, Kerstin W.; Hjelmquist, Erland; Tedoldi, Mariantonia; Surian, Luca; Siegal, Michael

    2007-01-01

    This investigation examined whether access to sign language as a medium for instruction influences theory of mind (ToM) reasoning in deaf children with similar home language environments. Experiment 1 involved 97 deaf Italian children ages 4-12 years: 56 were from deaf families and had LIS (Italian Sign Language) as their native language, and 41…

  9. Enabling access to tourism through information schemes?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dimitrios Buhalis

    2008-01-01

    Embedded in information search theory, this paper investigates accessibility schemes as communication sources and their potential to fulfill the informational needs of tourists with disabilities. Five interrelated need components are identified: information richness and reliability, appropriate sources, communication tools, and customer-oriented services. The results show that, despite complying with the reliability function at the regional and national level, the existing

  10. Accessibility of Emergency Information on Television

    MedlinePLUS

    ... may be impossible to provide accessible emergency information. Filing a complaint If you have a complaint about ... description of the emergency What happens after I file a complaint? The FCC will notify the video ...

  11. 28 CFR 17.41 - Access to classified information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 2012-07-01 false Access to classified information. 17.41 Section 17...Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE CLASSIFIED NATIONAL SECURITY INFORMATION AND ACCESS TO CLASSIFIED INFORMATION Access to Classified...

  12. 28 CFR 17.41 - Access to classified information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 2013-07-01 false Access to classified information. 17.41 Section 17...Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE CLASSIFIED NATIONAL SECURITY INFORMATION AND ACCESS TO CLASSIFIED INFORMATION Access to Classified...

  13. 28 CFR 17.41 - Access to classified information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 2014-07-01 false Access to classified information. 17.41 Section 17...Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE CLASSIFIED NATIONAL SECURITY INFORMATION AND ACCESS TO CLASSIFIED INFORMATION Access to Classified...

  14. Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 4.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

    Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

  15. Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 7.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

    Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service covering published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

  16. New Technology, Information Access and Educational Outcomes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clyde, Anne

    1992-01-01

    Discussion of the use of technology in Australian schools to improve information access and educational outcomes focuses on the impact on school library resource centers. Topics discussed include online information services; electronic bulletin boards; electronic mail via microcomputers; and optical storage media, including CD-ROM, hypermedia, and…

  17. 5 CFR 1312.23 - Access to classified information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Access to classified information. 1312.23 Section 1312...INFORMATION Control and Accountability of Classified Information § 1312.23 Access to classified information. Classified...

  18. 5 CFR 1312.23 - Access to classified information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Access to classified information. 1312.23 Section 1312...INFORMATION Control and Accountability of Classified Information § 1312.23 Access to classified information. Classified...

  19. Subject Access to Your Information

    E-print Network

    Tucker, Sandra

    2006-08-01

    of subject terms. Why? To pull together all of the information on a topic, no matter what terms the author has used. Example: Driving under the influence Driving while intoxicated Drunk driving You Have Choices Clearinghouse Subject List LTAP Center Subject... Lists Transportation Research Thesaurus Your own list Use a Short List or a Long List of Terms? If you have a small collection, a short list of terms is appropriate. If you have a large collection, a longer list of more specific terms...

  20. Word order and information status in child language.

    PubMed

    Narasimhan, Bhuvana; Dimroth, Christine

    2008-04-01

    In expressing rich, multi-dimensional thought in language, speakers are influenced by a range of factors that influence the ordering of utterance constituents. A fundamental principle that guides constituent ordering in adults has to do with information status, the accessibility of referents in discourse. Typically, adults order previously mentioned referents ("old" or accessible information) first, before they introduce referents that have not yet been mentioned in the discourse ("new" or inaccessible information) at both sentential and phrasal levels. Here we ask whether a similar principle influences ordering patterns at the phrasal level in children who are in the early stages of combining words productively. Prior research shows that when conveying semantic relations, children reproduce language-specific ordering patterns in the input, suggesting that they do not have a bias for any particular order to describe "who did what to whom". But our findings show that when they label "old" versus "new" referents, 3- to 5-year-old children prefer an ordering pattern opposite to that of adults (Study 1). Children's ordering preference is not derived from input patterns, as "old-before-new" is also the preferred order in caregivers' speech directed to young children (Study 2). Our findings demonstrate that a key principle governing ordering preferences in adults does not originate in early childhood, but develops: from new-to-old to old-to-new. PMID:17765215

  1. Trends in Analyzing Access to Information. Part I: Cross-Disciplinary Conceptualizations of Access.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCreadie, Maureen; Rice, Ronald E.

    1999-01-01

    Reviews six research literatures that consider access from different vantage points to identify common aspects of the concept "access to information." Highlights include conceptualizations of information itself; conceptualizations of the notion of access, including access to knowledge, technology, communication, and control; information-seeking…

  2. Mobile Information Access with Spoken Query Answering

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tom Brøndsted; Henrik Legind Larsen; Lars Bo Larsen; Børge Lindberg; Daniel Ortiz-Arroyo; Zheng-Hua Tan; Haitian Xu

    This paper addresses the problem of information and service accessibility in mobile devices with limited resources. A solution is developed and tested through a prototype that applies state-of-the-art Distributed Speech Recognition (DSR) and knowledge-based Information Retrieval (IR) processing for spoken query answering. For the DSR part, a configurable DSR system is implemented on the basis of the ETSI-DSR advanced front-end

  3. Data and Information Access Link (DIAL)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. Suresh; L. Di; K. McDonald

    2001-01-01

    The Data and Information Access Link (DIAL) is a web based package of software tools for geospatial data storage, visualization and distribution. The DIAL software provides a web based easy to use software solution to small data producers to organize and distribute remote sensing data and metadata. DIAL system can handle heterogeneous types of remote sensing and field campaign data

  4. Context-Aware Mobile Information Access

    E-print Network

    Rajamani, Sriram K.

    , India #12;Mobile Phones 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 on Mobile Phones 1. Microphone audio 2. Cell Radio location (100m-10km) 3. Bluetooth location (10-50m) 4Context-Aware Mobile Information Access Ram Ramjee Senior Researcher, Microsoft Research, Bangalore

  5. Research Investigation of Information Access Methods

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heinrichs, John H.; Sharkey, Thomas W.; Lim, Jeen-Su

    2006-01-01

    This study investigates the satisfaction of library users at Wayne State University who utilize alternative information access methods. The LibQUAL+[TM] desired and perceived that satisfaction ratings are used to determine the user's "superiority gap." By focusing limited library resources to address "superiority gap" issues identified by each…

  6. Continued Access to Syntactic Information in Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Funke, Reinold; Sieger, Jasmin

    2012-01-01

    Reliable access to syntactic information beyond its use in first-pass reading was probed using a task labeled "syntactic reading task." This task draws on an orthographic marker for syntactic structure, the capitalization of nouns in German. Subjects read written text strings containing a unit that could be taken as a noun or as a verb. The…

  7. Problems and Approaches to Cross Language Information Retrieval.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grefenstette, Gregory

    1998-01-01

    Discusses the problems and current research techniques being explored in the area of Cross Language Information Retrieval (CLIR) for finding documents in languages other than the original query. Discusses language identification methods, techniques for automatically generating queries in other languages, and retrieving and merging query results.…

  8. Human language identification with reduced segmental information

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K. Mori; N. Toba; T. Harada; T. Arai; M. Komatsu

    2002-01-01

    We conducted human language identification (LID) experiments using signals with reduced segmental information in pursuit of cues that humans use in their remarkable LID ability, which may be applicable to the development of robust automatic LID. American English and Japanese excerpts from the OGI-TS were processed by (1) spectral-envelope removal (SER) and (2) temporal-envelope modulation. With the SER signal, where

  9. 1 CFR 456.4 - Public access to information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 2012-01-01 true Public access to information. 456.4 Section...ACT REGULATIONS) § 456.4 Public access to information. (a) General...dissemination of information to the public. The Commission's staff is...

  10. 1 CFR 456.4 - Public access to information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 2012-01-01 true Public access to information. 456.4 Section...ACT REGULATIONS) § 456.4 Public access to information. (a) General...dissemination of information to the public. The Commission's staff is...

  11. 1 CFR 456.4 - Public access to information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Public access to information. 456.4 Section...ACT REGULATIONS) § 456.4 Public access to information. (a) General...dissemination of information to the public. The Commission's staff is...

  12. 1 CFR 456.4 - Public access to information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Public access to information. 456.4 Section...ACT REGULATIONS) § 456.4 Public access to information. (a) General...dissemination of information to the public. The Commission's staff is...

  13. Type-Based Information Analysis for Low-Level Languages

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Naoki Kobayashi; Keita Shirane

    2002-01-01

    A static program analysis called information flow analysis has been studied for high-level programming languages, to check that programs do not leak information about secret data such as passwords. The goal of this research is to establish a type-based method for infor- mation flow analysis for low-level languages such as assembly languages and virtual machine languages, so that information flow

  14. NLP Meets the Jabberwocky: Natural Language Processing in Information Retrieval.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feldman, Susan

    1999-01-01

    Focuses on natural language processing (NLP) in information retrieval. Defines the seven levels at which people extract meaning from text/spoken language. Discusses the stages of information processing; how an information retrieval system works; advantages to adding full NLP to information retrieval systems; and common problems with information

  15. ISL - A New Programming Language for Information Retrieval.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chien, R. T.; And Others

    The core of this software package for information retrieval is a new language called Information Search Language (ISL). It was developed to facilitate the manipulation of real character strings in an interactive environment. The discussion of the ISL language and some of its characteristics is followed by a description of two application programs,…

  16. Language as Information and the World

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koga, Kant

    2010-01-01

    Language attracts everyone on earth. That is because we have and use language. Although there are some minority languages that have limited expressions such as the lack of writing systems in "Aynu itak" and "Shona" languages, they can effectively express their emotion and thought with their languages. In addition, every human being can acquire…

  17. Integration of language and sensor information

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Perlovsky, Leonid I.; Weijers, Bertus

    2003-04-01

    The talk describes the development of basic technologies of intelligent systems fusing data from multiple domains and leading to automated computational techniques for understanding data contents. Understanding involves inferring appropriate decisions and recommending proper actions, which in turn requires fusion of data and knowledge about objects, situations, and actions. Data might include sensory data, verbal reports, intelligence intercepts, or public records, whereas knowledge ought to encompass the whole range of objects, situations, people and their behavior, and knowledge of languages. In the past, a fundamental difficulty in combining knowledge with data was the combinatorial complexity of computations, too many combinations of data and knowledge pieces had to be evaluated. Recent progress in understanding of natural intelligent systems, including the human mind, leads to the development of neurophysiologically motivated architectures for solving these challenging problems, in particular the role of emotional neural signals in overcoming combinatorial complexity of old logic-based approaches. Whereas past approaches based on logic tended to identify logic with language and thinking, recent studies in cognitive linguistics have led to appreciation of more complicated nature of linguistic models. Little is known about the details of the brain mechanisms integrating language and thinking. Understanding and fusion of linguistic information with sensory data represent a novel challenging aspect of the development of integrated fusion systems. The presentation will describe a non-combinatorial approach to this problem and outline techniques that can be used for fusing diverse and uncertain knowledge with sensory and linguistic data.

  18. 19 CFR 351.305 - Access to business proprietary information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...2010-04-01 false Access to business proprietary information...351.305 Customs Duties INTERNATIONAL TRADE ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT... § 351.305 Access to business proprietary information...order on the record within two business days after the day on...

  19. 19 CFR 351.305 - Access to business proprietary information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...2011-04-01 false Access to business proprietary information...351.305 Customs Duties INTERNATIONAL TRADE ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT... § 351.305 Access to business proprietary information...order on the record within two business days after the day on...

  20. Telecommunications as a Means to Access Health Information: An Exploratory Study of Migrants in Australia

    PubMed Central

    Greenstock, Louise; Woodward-Kron, Robyn; Fraser, Catriona; Bingham, Amie; Naccarella, Lucio; Elliott, Kristine; Morris, Michal

    2012-01-01

    Background Health policies increasingly promote e-health developments (e.g., consumers’ access to online health information) to engage patients in their health care. In order to make these developments available for culturally and socially diverse communities, not only do Internet accessibility, literacy and e-health literacy need to be taken into account, but consumers’ preferences and information seeking behaviours for accessing health information have also to be understood. These considerations are crucial when designing major new health policy directions, especially for migration destination countries with culturally diverse populations, such as Australia. The aim of this study was to examine how people from a culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) community use telecommunications (phone, mobile, Internet) to access health information. Design and Methods A case study was conducted using a questionnaire exploring the use of telecommunications to access health information among CALD people. The study was carried out at a community health centre in a socially and economically disadvantaged area of Melbourne, a city of 4 million people with a large CALD and migrant population. Questionnaires were translated into three languages and interpreters were provided. Fifty-nine questionnaires were completed by users of the community health centre. Results Most of the CALD participants did not have access to the Internet at home and very few reported using telecommunications to access health information. Conclusions The findings of the study suggest that telecommunications are not necessarily perceived to be an important channel for accessing health information by members of the CALD community. PMID:25170467

  1. Natural language processing and advanced information management

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hoard, James E.

    1989-01-01

    Integrating diverse information sources and application software in a principled and general manner will require a very capable advanced information management (AIM) system. In particular, such a system will need a comprehensive addressing scheme to locate the material in its docuverse. It will also need a natural language processing (NLP) system of great sophistication. It seems that the NLP system must serve three functions. First, it provides an natural language interface (NLI) for the users. Second, it serves as the core component that understands and makes use of the real-world interpretations (RWIs) contained in the docuverse. Third, it enables the reasoning specialists (RSs) to arrive at conclusions that can be transformed into procedures that will satisfy the users' requests. The best candidate for an intelligent agent that can satisfactorily make use of RSs and transform documents (TDs) appears to be an object oriented data base (OODB). OODBs have, apparently, an inherent capacity to use the large numbers of RSs and TDs that will be required by an AIM system and an inherent capacity to use them in an effective way.

  2. How to access treatment technology information

    SciTech Connect

    Hsu, K.F.; Sullivan, D.A.

    1995-09-01

    In this information age, there is a wealth of data on innovative treatment technologies being created at a very fast pace. The exchange of new information via telecommunication is prompt and far-reaching. For environmental protection and health and risk-related issues, there are quite a number of databases developed by US EPA currently available, both as on-line search systems and as discrete diskette-based databases. However, when it comes to the issues and problems of treatment and remediation of hazardous wastes, EPA`s ATTIC (Alternative Treatment Technology Information Center) database (DB) was developed to provide convenient one-stop shopping for the most recent information on alternative methods to treat hazardous wastes. Whether your issue is pollution prevention, waste treatment, clean-up operations, decontamination or one of a number of treatment technologies (thermal, solidification and stabilization, physical, chemical or biological remediation), ATTIC can offer you relevant information. Access to this information is free of charge and available 24 hours a day, seven days a week. You can use your personal computer (PC) to conduct an on-line search of ATTIC. The desired information then can be flagged for downloading from the centralized ATTIC computer to your own PC.

  3. Cross-Language Information Retrieval: An Analysis of Errors.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ruiz, Miguel E.; Srinivasan, Padmini

    1998-01-01

    Investigates an automatic method for Cross Language Information Retrieval (CLIR) that utilizes the multilingual Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) Metathesaurus to translate Spanish natural-language queries into English. Results indicate that for Spanish, the UMLS Metathesaurus-based CLIR method is at least equivalent to if not better than…

  4. The Foreign-Language Barrier and Electronic Information.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Large, J. Andrew

    1990-01-01

    Discusses the extent to which online use of databases is affected by a foreign language barrier. Topics discussed include the effects in western Europe on establishing a uniform information market; database distribution by language; retrieval software; contracts, documentation, and training; and databases that try to overcome the language barrier.…

  5. A Spoken Language System For Information Retrieval S.K. Bennacef, H. Bonneau-Maynard, J.L. Gauvain, L. Lamel, W. Minker

    E-print Network

    A Spoken Language System For Information Retrieval S.K. Bennacef, H. Bonneau-Maynard, J.L. Gauvain the user to access stored information. Since our goal is to develop system components that are as task language system for information retrieval in one of the chosen applications, a French ATIS system. The ATIS

  6. Menelas AIM Project A2023 An Access System for Medical Records using Natural Language

    E-print Network

    Zweigenbaum, Pierre

    Menelas AIM Project A2023 An Access System for Medical Records using Natural Language Final Report WP3.3 10 7 1995 Deliverable 17 4 3 Nature: R Type: P #12;#12;Menelas AIM Project A2023 An Access of a pilot system able to analyse medical texts. This report summarises the developments performed

  7. Menelas AIM Project A2023 An Access System for Medical Records using Natural Language

    E-print Network

    Zweigenbaum, Pierre

    Menelas AIM Project A2023 An Access System for Medical Records using Natural Language Final Report WP3.3 10/7/1995 Deliverable 17 (4/3) Nature: R Type: P #12; #12; Menelas AIM Project A2023 An Access and implementation of a pilot system able to analyse medical texts. This report summarises the developments performed

  8. Event representations constrain the structure of language: Sign language as a window into universally accessible linguistic biases.

    PubMed

    Strickland, Brent; Geraci, Carlo; Chemla, Emmanuel; Schlenker, Philippe; Kelepir, Meltem; Pfau, Roland

    2015-05-12

    According to a theoretical tradition dating back to Aristotle, verbs can be classified into two broad categories. Telic verbs (e.g., "decide," "sell," "die") encode a logical endpoint, whereas atelic verbs (e.g., "think," "negotiate," "run") do not, and the denoted event could therefore logically continue indefinitely. Here we show that sign languages encode telicity in a seemingly universal way and moreover that even nonsigners lacking any prior experience with sign language understand these encodings. In experiments 1-5, nonsigning English speakers accurately distinguished between telic (e.g., "decide") and atelic (e.g., "think") signs from (the historically unrelated) Italian Sign Language, Sign Language of the Netherlands, and Turkish Sign Language. These results were not due to participants' inferring that the sign merely imitated the action in question. In experiment 6, we used pseudosigns to show that the presence of a salient visual boundary at the end of a gesture was sufficient to elicit telic interpretations, whereas repeated movement without salient boundaries elicited atelic interpretations. Experiments 7-10 confirmed that these visual cues were used by all of the sign languages studied here. Together, these results suggest that signers and nonsigners share universally accessible notions of telicity as well as universally accessible "mapping biases" between telicity and visual form. PMID:25918419

  9. Social Information Access: The Other Side of the Social Web

    E-print Network

    Brusilovsky, Peter

    Social Information Access: The Other Side of the Social Web Peter Brusilovsky School of Information@pitt.edu Abstract. Modern Web, which is frequently called Social Web or Web 2.0, celebrates the power of the user worldwide work on social information access techniques, which help users get to the right information using

  10. CILT: Centre for Information on Language Teaching and Research

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    CILT, the Centre for Information on Language Teaching and Research, is an independent nonprofit agency based in the UK that supports the collection and dissemination of information related to the instruction of modern languages. This extensive site details CILT services, projects, initiatives, and research; provides several lists of authoritative educational publications; and posts a calendar of courses, conferences, and training.

  11. 28 CFR 17.41 - Access to classified information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...of race, color, religion, sex, national origin, disability, or sexual orientation in granting access to classified information...access may be raised solely on the basis of the sexual orientation of the employee or mental health...

  12. 28 CFR 17.41 - Access to classified information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...of race, color, religion, sex, national origin, disability, or sexual orientation in granting access to classified information...access may be raised solely on the basis of the sexual orientation of the employee or mental health...

  13. User-Centered Indexing for Adaptive Information Access

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chen, James R.; Mathe, Nathalie

    1996-01-01

    We are focusing on information access tasks characterized by large volume of hypermedia connected technical documents, a need for rapid and effective access to familiar information, and long-term interaction with evolving information. The problem for technical users is to build and maintain a personalized task-oriented model of the information to quickly access relevant information. We propose a solution which provides user-centered adaptive information retrieval and navigation. This solution supports users in customizing information access over time. It is complementary to information discovery methods which provide access to new information, since it lets users customize future access to previously found information. It relies on a technique, called Adaptive Relevance Network, which creates and maintains a complex indexing structure to represent personal user's information access maps organized by concepts. This technique is integrated within the Adaptive HyperMan system, which helps NASA Space Shuttle flight controllers organize and access large amount of information. It allows users to select and mark any part of a document as interesting, and to index that part with user-defined concepts. Users can then do subsequent retrieval of marked portions of documents. This functionality allows users to define and access personal collections of information, which are dynamically computed. The system also supports collaborative review by letting users share group access maps. The adaptive relevance network provides long-term adaptation based both on usage and on explicit user input. The indexing structure is dynamic and evolves over time. Leading and generalization support flexible retrieval of information under similar concepts. The network is geared towards more recent information access, and automatically manages its size in order to maintain rapid access when scaling up to large hypermedia space. We present results of simulated learning experiments.

  14. POLICY FOR THE PROTECTION OF PERSONAL INFORMATION AGAINST INTERNATIONAL ACCESS

    E-print Network

    Brownstone, Rob

    ) ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ What security measures are proposed to protect the personal information? (Provide details concerningPOLICY FOR THE PROTECTION OF PERSONAL INFORMATION AGAINST INTERNATIONAL ACCESS OUTSIDE CANADA Indicate what type of personal information that the underlying software stores (Check all

  15. EarthServer: Information Retrieval and Query Language

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Perperis, Thanassis; Koltsida, Panagiota; Kakaletris, George

    2013-04-01

    Establishing open, unified, seamless, access and ad-hoc analytics on cross-disciplinary, multi-source, multi-dimensional, spatiotemporal Earth Science data of extreme-size and their supporting metadata are the main challenges of the EarthServer project (www.earthserver.eu), funded by the European Commission under its Seventh Framework Program. One of EarthServer's main objectives is to provide users with higher level coverage and metadata search, retrieval and processing capabilities to multi-disciplinary Earth Science data. Six Lighthouse Applications are being established, each one providing access to Cryospheric, Airborne, Atmospheric, Geology, Oceanography and Planetary science raster data repositories through strictly WCS 2.0 standard based service endpoints. EarthServers' information retrieval subsystem aims towards exploiting the WCS endpoints through a physically and logically distributed service oriented architecture, foreseeing the collaboration of several standard compliant services, capable of exploiting modern large grid and cloud infrastructures and of dynamically responding to availability and capabilities of underlying resources. Towards furthering technology for integrated, coherent service provision based on WCS and WCPS the concept of a query language (QL), unifying coverage and metadata processing and retrieval is introduced. EarthServer's information retrieval subsystem receives QL requests involving high volumes of all Earth Science data categories, executes them on the services that reside on the infrastructure and sends the results back to the requester through a high performance pipeline. In this contribution we briefly discuss EarthServer's service oriented coverage data and metadata search and retrieval architecture and further elaborate on the potentials of EarthServer's Query Language, called xWCPS (XQuery compliant WCPS). xWCPS aims towards merging the path that the two widely adopted standards (W3C XQuery, OGC WCPS) have paved, into a new construct allowing "mixed search" on both OGC coverages and XML-represented metadata and also returning "mixed results" further enabling seamless geospatial and array, combined data and metadata, processing under a familiar syntactic formalism. xWCPS is a superset of WCPS closely following XQuery's syntax and philosophy, further extending it with capabilities to handle coverages, array and multidimensional data, allowing different degrees of compliance to its results and opening new possibilities for data definition, processing and interoperability. Our long term vision for xWCPS is from the one hand to enable coverage and corresponding metadata retrieval, irrespective of their actual origin and form and from the other hand to offer syntactic constructs for data definition and data manipulation. Thus xWCPS queries could potentially employ distributed services to access diverse, cross-disciplinary and physically distributed data sources, data within them and metadata about them without directly specifying which coverages to employ, which parts come from metadata and which come from data processing (aggregates) functions. Respectively a Data Definition Language could allow schema definition and a Data Manipulation Language could enable updates, inserts, and deletes of data handled by an xWCPS system. xWCPS's specification is currently in draft form. We intend to initiate the corresponding OGC standardization activity with the finalization of the specification of the language.

  16. SIPP ACCESS: Information Tools Improve Access to National Longitudinal Panel Surveys.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robbin, Alice; David, Martin

    1988-01-01

    A computer-based, integrated information system incorporating data and information about the data, SIPP ACCESS systematically links technologies of laser disk, mainframe computer, microcomputer, and electronic networks, and applies relational technology to provide access to information about complex statistical data collections. Examples are given…

  17. Literacy, Access, and Libraries among the Language Minority Population.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Constantino, Rebecca, Ed.

    Papers on linguistic minorities and library use include: (1) "Why Consider the Library and Books?" (Stephen Krashen); (2) "Supporting Spanish Language Literacy: Latino Children and School and Community Libraries" (Sandra Pucci); (3) "'I Did Not Know You Could Get Such Things There!': Secondary ESL Students' Understanding, Use and Beliefs…

  18. Between Worlds: Access to Second Language Acquisition. Second Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Freeman, David E.; Freeman, Yvonne S.

    This book purports to expand the learning potential of students by considering how the world inside the school interacts with outside social contexts. As the schooling of English language learners becomes ever more complex and political, this book has been updated in a second edition to address new trends and issues related to the teaching of…

  19. ENABLING DISABLED TO URISTS? Accessibility Tourism Information Schemes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Victoria Eichhorn; Graham Miller; Dimitrios Buhalis

    Embedded in information search theory and b ased on exploratory res earch, t his paper investigates accessibility tourism information schemes as information communication sources and their potential to fulfill the informational needs of tourists with a disability . F ive interrelated need components are identified: richness a nd reliability of information, appropriate information sources , communication tools and customer -orientation.

  20. Accuracy and coverage of reproductive health information on the Internet accessed in English and Persian from Iran

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mohammad Rahnavardi; Nasim Zamani; Mehrnoosh Jahanbin; Sara Dowlatshahi; Minoo Sadat Mahmood Arabi; Gelayol Ardalan; Fahimeh Sohani

    2008-01-01

    Background and methodologyThe Internet is a useful resource for obtaining information. We evaluated the accuracy and coverage of reproductive health information on the Internet in English- and Persian-language sites accessed from Iran. An expert committee decided on five reproductive health topics to be evaluated and specified a checklist of content for these (36 items in total). We employed selected keywords

  1. Data and Information Access Link (DIAL)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Suresh, R.; Di, L.; McDonald, K.

    2001-05-01

    The Data and Information Access Link (DIAL) is a web based package of software tools for geospatial data storage, visualization and distribution. The DIAL software provides a web based easy to use software solution to small data producers to organize and distribute remote sensing data and metadata. DIAL system can handle heterogeneous types of remote sensing and field campaign data for Earth science applications. DIAL works with image data, grid, swath, and tabular, multidimensional array and point data. The DIAL system supports NASA's Earth Observing System and Data and Information System (EOSDIS) data standards HDF- EOS, Hierarchical Data Format (HDF), and network Common Data Format (netCDF). Data format translators are also available between HDF-EOS and Arc-Info, Geo-tiff, and shape formats. DIAL software works with data from the EOS Terra, LANDSAT 7, TRMM, SeaWiFS missions and many other types of legacy data from NASA. DIAL software is freely available for users. DIAL features: Catalog services: Spatial, temporal, and parameter-based search; Catalog search at inventory and directory levels; Automatic creation of metadata catalog; Supports ODBC/JDBC compatible databases for storing metadata/catalog; User-friendly Java search interface with query preview. Data services: On-line access to data and metadata; Single- and multi-granule subsetting and sub sampling based on array coordinates or record numbers; Single- and multi-granule sub setting and sub sampling based on geographic/map coordinates and physical parameters; Browse and dynamic/interactive visualization of data; Animation of time series or multi dimensional data; Interactive color composites of multi-spectral data; Overlay of coastal and political boundaries; On-line downloading of data in multiple formats; X-Y plotting for non-image data. DIAL can work as a standalone application or in a distributed environment. DIAL is integrated with NASA's Earth Science Data Gateway (EDG) providing support for the distributed system. DIAL works in a multiplatform environment including PC based systems, UNIX and Linux operating systems. The DIAL software is 8 Mega Bytes in size and easy to use. DIAL is used in many NASA projects, scientists from universities, Earth Science Information Partnership (ESIP) federation, NASA centers, commercial companies like IBM, and international partners of NASA. http:// dial.gsfc.nasa.gov

  2. 77 FR 6168 - 60-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: English Language Evaluation Surveys, OMB...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-07

    ...Notice of Proposed Information Collection: English Language Evaluation Surveys, OMB Control Number...of 1995. Title of Information Collection: English Language Evaluation: Fulbright English Teaching Assistantship (ETA) Program...

  3. FromTo-CLIR: Web-Based Natural Language Interface for Cross-Language Information Retrieval.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Taewan; Sim, Chul-Min; Yuh, Sanghwa; Jung, Hanmin; Kim, Young-Kil; Choi, Sung-Kwon; Park, Dong-In; Choi, Key Sun

    1999-01-01

    Describes the implementation of FromTo-CLIR, a Web-based natural-language interface for cross-language information retrieval that was tested with Korean and Japanese. Proposes a method that uses a semantic category tree and collocation to resolve the ambiguity of query translation. (Author/LRW)

  4. The Lemur Toolkit for Language Modeling and Information Retrieval

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Sponsored by the Advanced Research and Development Activity in Information Technology (ARDA) under its Statistical Language Modeling for Information Retrieval Research Program, the Lemur Project has recently announced the availability of the Lemur Toolkit for Language Modeling and Information Retrieval, version 1.0. The Lemur Toolkit is designed to help carry out research in areas such as ad hoc and distributed retrieval, cross-language IR, summarization, filtering, and classification. The toolkit supports indexing of large-scale text databases, the construction of simple language models for documents, queries, and more. The system, which is written in C and C++ languages, is designed as a research system to run under Unix operating systems, although it can also run under Windows. As part of the Lemur Project, the Lemur Toolkit is a collaboration between the Computer Science Department at the University of Massachusetts and the School of Computer Science at Carnegie Mellon University.

  5. Controlled Language for Geographical Information System Queries

    E-print Network

    Plotkin, Joshua B.

    -Bar-Hillel calculus). Second, we develop a suitable semantic representation for GIS queries, which we call SQL, and a method to translate natural-language queries via SQL into spatially-enabled SQL. The third task SQL and de- scribes the translation scheme from natural language into SQL queries. Sec- tion 3 reviews

  6. Language-Based Enforcement of Access Constraints on Geoscientific Image Data

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peter Baumann

    2010-01-01

    Enforcing privacy and security by appending filter criteria is a well-known, powerful technique known in SQL-based access. We extend this approach to image access, based on an SQL-style declarative raster query language. We show how some constraints useful in privacy and security enforcement can be expressed, and some can not due to the intrinsic nature of geo imagery. We identify

  7. Foreign Language Methods and an Information Processing Model of Memory.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Willebrand, Julia

    The major approaches to language teaching (audiolingual method, generative grammar, Community Language Learning and Silent Way) are investigated to discover whether or not they are compatible in structure with an information-processing model of memory (IPM). The model of memory used was described by Roberta Klatzky in "Human Memory: Structures and…

  8. SX10: A Language for Parallel Programming with Information Security

    E-print Network

    SX10: A Language for Parallel Programming with Information Security A thesis presented by Stefan Greg Morrisett and Dan Grossman for introducing me to the principles of programming languages. Finally Muller to Computer Science in partial fulfillment of the honors requirements for the degree of Bachelor

  9. A Terminology Server For Medical Language and Medical Information Systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. l. Rector; W. d. Solomon; W. a. Nowlan; T. w. Rush

    1994-01-01

    GALEN is developing a Terminology Server to support the development and integration of clinicalsystems through a range of key terminological services, built around a language-independent, reusable,shared system of concepts - the CORE model. The focus is on supporting applications formedical records, clinical user interfaces and clinical information systems, but also includes systemsfor natural language understanding, clinical decision support, management of

  10. Prospects for Intelligent, Language-Based Information Retrieval.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smeaton, Alan F.

    1991-01-01

    Unlike conventional information retrieval systems, natural language processing (NLP) systems translate queries automatically into the language of the system. This paper discusses the potential impact of NLP on both the indexing and retrieval of text and examines some current NLP projects and systems that have established knowledge bases in narrow…

  11. Evaluation of Web Accessibility of Consumer Health Information Websites

    PubMed Central

    Zeng, Xiaoming; Parmanto, Bambang

    2003-01-01

    The objectives of the study are to construct a comprehensive framework for web accessibility evaluation, to evaluate the current status of web accessibility of consumer health information websites and to investigate the relationship between web accessibility and property of the websites. We selected 108 consumer health information websites from the directory service of a Web search engine. We used Web accessibility specifications to construct a framework for the measurement of Web Accessibility Barriers (WAB) of website. We found that none of the websites is completely accessible to people with disabilities, but governmental and educational health information websites exhibit better performance on web accessibility than other categories of websites. We also found that the correlation between the WAB score and the popularity of a website is statistically significant. PMID:14728272

  12. Language, Access, and Power in the Elementary Science Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schoerning, Emily; Hand, Brian; Shelley, Mack; Therrien, William

    2015-01-01

    The Next Generation Science Standards call for the adoption of many aspects of scientific inquiry in the classroom. The ways in which classroom talk and classroom environment change as students and teachers learn to utilize inquiry approaches are underexplored. This study examines the frequency with which linguistic markers related to access and…

  13. Automatic access of lexical information in Broca's aphasics: against the automaticity hypothesis.

    PubMed

    Tyler, L K; Ostrin, R K; Cooke, M; Moss, H E

    1995-02-01

    A number of recent articles have claimed that the language comprehension impairments of so-called agrammatic patients can be characterized as being due to problems with the automatic access of semantic and/or syntactic information from the lexicon. We describe three experiments, all using tasks which probe the immediate and automatic access of lexical information and compare the performance of agrammatic patients with that of an anomic and a fluent patient. We find no evidence in support of the automaticity hypothesis as an explanatory account of the language deficits of agrammatic aphasics. Further, we argue that current research does not lend itself to a single-explanation account of agrammatic comprehension problems, and that in-depth analyses of individual patients are more likely to be fruitful in terms of understanding the nature of comprehension deficits. PMID:7728514

  14. Towards Design and Implementation of a Language Technology based Information Processor for PDM Systems

    E-print Network

    Ahmed, Zeeshan; Dandekar, Thomas

    2010-01-01

    Product Data Management (PDM) aims to provide 'Systems' contributing in industries by electronically maintaining organizational data, improving data repository system, facilitating with easy access to CAD and providing additional information engineering and management modules to access, store, integrate, secure, recover and manage information. Targeting one of the unresolved issues i.e., provision of natural language based processor for the implementation of an intelligent record search mechanism, an approach is proposed and discussed in detail in this manuscript. Designing an intelligent application capable of reading and analyzing user's structured and unstructured natural language based text requests and then extracting desired concrete and optimized results from knowledge base is still a challenging task for the designers because it is still very difficult to completely extract Meta data out of raw data. Residing within the limited scope of current research and development; we present an approach capable ...

  15. 7 CFR 3406.23 - Access to peer review information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...Continued) COOPERATIVE STATE RESEARCH, EDUCATION, AND EXTENSION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 1890 INSTITUTION CAPACITY BUILDING GRANTS PROGRAM Supplementary Information § 3406.23 Access to peer review information. After final...

  16. 7 CFR 2903.18 - Access to review information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) OFFICE OF ENERGY POLICY AND NEW USES, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BIODIESEL FUEL EDUCATION PROGRAM Supplementary Information § 2903.18 Access to review information. Copies of reviews,...

  17. Bridge across Saskatchewan: Equal Access to Information for All Residents.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, F. Barry

    1990-01-01

    Describes telecommunications developments in Saskatchewan that culminated in SCAN, the Saskatchewan Communications Advanced Network. The use of SCAN for equal access to information highlights distance education; community television; cultural information; education services; access to computer databases; the development of a Public Broadcast…

  18. High School Student Information Access and Engineering Design Performance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mentzer, Nathan

    2014-01-01

    Developing solutions to engineering design problems requires access to information. Research has shown that appropriately accessing and using information in the design process improves solution quality. This quasi-experimental study provides two groups of high school students with a design problem in a three hour design experience. One group has…

  19. Information extraction to facilitate translation of natural language legislation

    E-print Network

    Wang, Samuel (Samuel Siyue)

    2011-01-01

    There is a large body of existing legislation and policies that govern how government organizations and corporations can share information. Since these rules are generally expressed in natural language, it is difficult and ...

  20. English Language Please contact us for more information

    E-print Network

    Amin, S. Massoud

    development, experiential learning outside the classroom, and advanced computer technology. The University distinct learning tracks Intensive English Program The Intensive English Program is for students who wantMinnesota English Language Program Please contact us for more information: Minnesota English

  1. Tales of the Unexpected: language and cognitive access in the psychology laboratory

    E-print Network

    Löwe, Benedikt

    #12;Tales of the Unexpected: language and cognitive access in the psychology laboratory Marian Counihan Logic and Cognition group ILLC, University of Amsterdam Questions, comments? Please contact me reason · in psychology of reasoning this has been tackled with prescribed experimental paradigms

  2. Carpet or Carcel: The Effect of Age of Acquisition and Language Mode on Bilingual Lexical Access

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Canseco-Gonzalez, Enriqueta; Brehm, Laurel; Brick, Cameron A.; Brown-Schmidt, Sarah; Fischer, Kara; Wagner, Katie

    2010-01-01

    Lexical access was examined in English-Spanish bilinguals by monitoring eye fixations on target and lexical competitors as participants followed spoken instructions in English to click on one of the objects presented on a computer (e.g., "Click on the beans"). Within-language lexical competitors had a phoneme onset in English that was shared with…

  3. Access to Justice for Deaf Inuit in Nunavut: The Role of Inuit Sign Language

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. C. MacDougall

    2001-01-01

    This paper presents a personal perspective on the issue of access to justice (in the context of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms) for the deaf Inuit population of Canada's newest Territory — Nunavut. My experience in assessing a deaf Inuk in Baker Lake R v. Suwarak (1999) who apparently had no known language, followed an earlier Nova Scotia

  4. Complementarity of quantum discord and classically accessible information

    PubMed Central

    Zwolak, Michael; Zurek, Wojciech H.

    2013-01-01

    The sum of the Holevo quantity (that bounds the capacity of quantum channels to transmit classical information about an observable) and the quantum discord (a measure of the quantumness of correlations of that observable) yields an observable-independent total given by the quantum mutual information. This split naturally delineates information about quantum systems accessible to observers – information that is redundantly transmitted by the environment – while showing that it is maximized for the quasi-classical pointer observable. Other observables are accessible only via correlations with the pointer observable. We also prove an anti-symmetry property relating accessible information and discord. It shows that information becomes objective – accessible to many observers – only as quantum information is relegated to correlations with the global environment, and, therefore, locally inaccessible. The resulting complementarity explains why, in a quantum Universe, we perceive objective classical reality while flagrantly quantum superpositions are out of reach.

  5. Geographic Information Systems & Science Website Accessibility

    Cancer.gov

    This website has been designed to be accessible to all users, compliant with the Section 508 standards, and compatible with screen readers and other assistive technologies. However, this is an ongoing process, and it is possible that some users may encounter problems accessing some pages.

  6. Open Access and Civic Scientific Information Literacy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zuccala, Alesia

    2010-01-01

    Introduction: We examine how residents and citizens of The Netherlands perceive open access to acquire preliminary insight into the role it might play in cultivating civic scientific literacy. Open access refers to scientific or scholarly research literature available on the Web to scholars and the general public in free online journals and…

  7. Access to Information About Stuttering and Societal Knowledge of Stuttering

    PubMed Central

    Gabel, Rodney; Brackenbury, Tim; Irani, Farzan

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine societal knowledge of stuttering, access to information sources, and the influence of information sources on knowledge of stuttering. 185 participants from Northwest Ohio were surveyed. Results of the study indicated that the general public varies in their knowledge of stuttering and that majority of participants had not accessed information about stuttering, and the few who had, did so a long time ago. Finally, access to information sources had little influence on knowledge of stuttering. Implications for future research are discussed. PMID:21949564

  8. 48 CFR 3004.470 - Security requirements for access to unclassified facilities, Information Technology resources...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...access to unclassified facilities, Information Technology resources, and sensitive information. 3004.470 Section 3004.470...access to unclassified facilities, Information Technology resources, and sensitive...

  9. 16 CFR 6.152 - Program accessibility: Electronic and information technology.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...accessibility: Electronic and information technology. 6.152 Section 6...accessibility: Electronic and information technology. (a) When developing...or using electronic and information technology, the Commission...

  10. 48 CFR 3004.470 - Security requirements for access to unclassified facilities, Information Technology resources...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...access to unclassified facilities, Information Technology resources, and sensitive information. 3004.470 Section 3004.470...access to unclassified facilities, Information Technology resources, and sensitive...

  11. 16 CFR 6.152 - Program accessibility: Electronic and information technology.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...accessibility: Electronic and information technology. 6.152 Section 6...accessibility: Electronic and information technology. (a) When developing...or using electronic and information technology, the Commission...

  12. 48 CFR 3004.470 - Security requirements for access to unclassified facilities, Information Technology resources...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...access to unclassified facilities, Information Technology resources, and sensitive information. 3004.470 Section 3004.470...access to unclassified facilities, Information Technology resources, and sensitive...

  13. 16 CFR 6.152 - Program accessibility: Electronic and information technology.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...accessibility: Electronic and information technology. 6.152 Section 6...accessibility: Electronic and information technology. (a) When developing...or using electronic and information technology, the Commission...

  14. 48 CFR 3004.470 - Security requirements for access to unclassified facilities, Information Technology resources...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...access to unclassified facilities, Information Technology resources, and sensitive information. 3004.470 Section 3004.470...access to unclassified facilities, Information Technology resources, and sensitive...

  15. Secure Spaces: Protecting Freedom of Information Access in Public Places

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shun Hattori; Katsumi Tanaka

    2007-01-01

    In public places, information can be accessed by its unauthorized users, while we are sometimes forced to access our unwanted\\u000a information unexpectedly. We have introduced the concept of Secure Spaces, physical environments where any information is\\u000a always protected from its unauthorized users, and have proposed a content-based entry control model and an architecture for\\u000a Secure Spaces which protect their contents’

  16. Parents' expectations, awareness, and experiences of accessing evidence-based speech-language pathology services for their children with autism.

    PubMed

    Auert, Elle-Jane; Trembath, David; Arciuli, Joanne; Thomas, Donna

    2012-04-01

    The aim of this study was to explore the expectations, awareness, and experiences of parents in their efforts to access evidence-based speech-language pathology (SLP) services for their children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Four focus groups were conducted with 20 parents of pre school aged children with ASD and transcripts were analysed using thematic analysis. Two themes emerged to account for the participants' expectations, awareness, and experiences. The two themes, "Speech-language pathology: More than just a business", and "Parents and power", represented the complex interaction between factors including the parents' access to information, their involvement in the therapy process, and their sense of empowerment. The parents in this study expressed a strong desire for evidence-based practice (EBP) to be employed. However, the parents had different views on how EBP should be achieved. The findings of this study demonstrate the importance of involving parents in therapeutic relationships as partners in the decision-making process. This means providing parents with comprehensive information, including research evidence to support the clinical decisions that need to be made, and respecting parents' preferences in the therapy process. PMID:22390744

  17. Evidence-Informed Leadership in the Japanese Context: Middle Managers at a University Self-Access Center

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adamson, John; Brown, Howard

    2012-01-01

    This study reports on the steering of a self-access learning center in a Japanese university by its "middle management" committee over the first years of its operation. Middle management practice was informed by an ethnographic archive of various facets of center use, particularly concerning language policy and curriculum integration, issues about…

  18. Machine Translation-Supported Cross-Language Information Retrieval for a Consumer Health Resource

    PubMed Central

    Rosemblat, Graciela; Gemoets, Darren; Browne, Allen C.; Tse, Tony

    2003-01-01

    The U.S. National Institutes of Health, through its National Library of Medicine, developed ClinicalTrials.gov to provide the public with easy access to information on clinical trials on a wide range of conditions or diseases. Only English language information retrieval is currently supported. Given the growing number of Spanish speakers in the U.S. and their increasing use of the Web, we anticipate a significant increase in Spanish-speaking users. This study compares the effectiveness of two common cross-language information retrieval methods using machine translation, query translation versus document translation, using a subset of genuine user queries from ClinicalTrials.gov. Preliminary results conducted with the ClinicalTrials.gov search engine show that in our environment, query translation is statistically significantly better than document translation. We discuss possible reasons for this result and we conclude with suggestions for future work. PMID:14728236

  19. Machine translation-supported cross-language information retrieval for a consumer health resource.

    PubMed

    Rosemblat, Graciela; Gemoets, Darren; Browne, Allen C; Tse, Tony

    2003-01-01

    The U.S. National Institutes of Health, through its National Library of Medicine, developed ClinicalTrials.gov to provide the public with easy access to information on clinical trials on a wide range of conditions or diseases. Only English language information retrieval is currently supported. Given the growing number of Spanish speakers in the U.S. and their increasing use of the Web, we anticipate a significant increase in Spanish-speaking users. This study compares the effectiveness of two common cross-language information retrieval methods using machine translation, query translation versus document translation, using a subset of genuine user queries from ClinicalTrials.gov. Preliminary results conducted with the ClinicalTrials.gov search engine show that in our environment, query translation is statistically significantly better than document translation. We discuss possible reasons for this result and we conclude with suggestions for future work. PMID:14728236

  20. Cross-language information retrieval using PARAFAC2.

    SciTech Connect

    Bader, Brett William; Chew, Peter; Abdelali, Ahmed (New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM); Kolda, Tamara Gibson

    2007-05-01

    A standard approach to cross-language information retrieval (CLIR) uses Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA) in conjunction with a multilingual parallel aligned corpus. This approach has been shown to be successful in identifying similar documents across languages - or more precisely, retrieving the most similar document in one language to a query in another language. However, the approach has severe drawbacks when applied to a related task, that of clustering documents 'language-independently', so that documents about similar topics end up closest to one another in the semantic space regardless of their language. The problem is that documents are generally more similar to other documents in the same language than they are to documents in a different language, but on the same topic. As a result, when using multilingual LSA, documents will in practice cluster by language, not by topic. We propose a novel application of PARAFAC2 (which is a variant of PARAFAC, a multi-way generalization of the singular value decomposition [SVD]) to overcome this problem. Instead of forming a single multilingual term-by-document matrix which, under LSA, is subjected to SVD, we form an irregular three-way array, each slice of which is a separate term-by-document matrix for a single language in the parallel corpus. The goal is to compute an SVD for each language such that V (the matrix of right singular vectors) is the same across all languages. Effectively, PARAFAC2 imposes the constraint, not present in standard LSA, that the 'concepts' in all documents in the parallel corpus are the same regardless of language. Intuitively, this constraint makes sense, since the whole purpose of using a parallel corpus is that exactly the same concepts are expressed in the translations. We tested this approach by comparing the performance of PARAFAC2 with standard LSA in solving a particular CLIR problem. From our results, we conclude that PARAFAC2 offers a very promising alternative to LSA not only for multilingual document clustering, but also for solving other problems in cross-language information retrieval.

  1. Anaphora in Natural Language Processing and Information Retrieval.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liddy, Elizabeth DuRoss

    1990-01-01

    Describes the linguistic phenomenon of anaphora; surveys the approaches to anaphora undertaken in theoretical linguistics and natural language processing (NLP); presents results of research conducted at Syracuse University on anaphora in information retrieval; and discusses the future of anaphora research in regard to information retrieval tasks.…

  2. Extracting Phenotypic Information from the Literature via Natural Language Processing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lifeng Chen; Carol Friedman

    2004-01-01

    In recent years, the amount of biomedical knowledge has been increasing exponentially. Several Natural Language Processing (NLP) systems have been developed to help researchers extract, encode and organize new information automatically from textual literature or narrative reports. Some of these systems focus on extracting biological entities or molecular interactions while others retrieve and encode clinical information. To exploit gene functions

  3. The Open Access Availability of Library and Information Science Literature

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Way, Doug

    2010-01-01

    To examine the open access availability of Library and Information Science (LIS) research, a study was conducted using Google Scholar to search for articles from 20 top LIS journals. The study examined whether Google Scholar was able to find any links to full text, if open access versions of the articles were available and where these articles…

  4. Information and Communications Technologies Tutorials: Universal Design/Accessibility

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Information and Communications Technologies Center (ICT) presents this collection of links to a number of online tutorials on the topic of universal design and accessibility. The links fall under the categories of technology and internet access, employment resources for people with disabilities, advocacy and services for people with disabilities, government sites and legislative documents and publications.

  5. Access Control and Declassification

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gérard Boudol; Marija Kolundžija

    We integrate programming constructs for managing confidentiality in an ML-like imperative and higher-order programming language,\\u000a dealing with both access control and information flow control. Our language includes in particular a construct for declassifying\\u000a information, and constructs for granting, restricting or testing the read access level of a program. We introduce a type and\\u000a effect system to statically check access rights

  6. Language Access Services for Latinos with Limited English Proficiency: Lessons Learned from Hablamos Juntos

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shinyi Wu; M. Susan Ridgely; José J. Escarce; Leo S. Morales

    2007-01-01

    BACKGROUND  The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation funded Hablamos Juntos (HJ), a $10-million multiyear demonstration to improve access to health care for Latinos with limited English proficiency and\\u000a to explore cost-effective ways for health care organizations to provide language access services.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a HABLAMOS JUNTOS  In this manuscript, the authors draw on their experiences in evaluating HJ, provide brief descriptions of innovative interventions,\\u000a estimate operating

  7. 24 CFR 401.503 - Access to information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT MULTIFAMILY HOUSING MORTGAGE AND HOUSING ASSISTANCE RESTRUCTURING PROGRAM (MARK-TO-MARKET) Restructuring Plan § 401.503 Access to information. (a) PAE responsibilities. The PAE...

  8. 7 CFR 3406.23 - Access to peer review information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...23 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE 1890 INSTITUTION CAPACITY BUILDING GRANTS PROGRAM Supplementary Information § 3406.23 Access to peer review...

  9. Extending the Carpet: School Libraries, Access and the Information Implosion.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fisher, Phyllis

    1986-01-01

    Discussion of ways in which school libraries will benefit from their inclusion in library networks highlights collection management, full access to information, and participation of library media specialists in policy decisions. (CLB)

  10. 18 CFR 388.113 - Accessing critical energy infrastructure information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2013-04-01...2013-04-01 false Accessing critical energy infrastructure information...113 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION,...

  11. 18 CFR 388.113 - Accessing critical energy infrastructure information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01...2010-04-01 false Accessing critical energy infrastructure information...113 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION,...

  12. 18 CFR 388.113 - Accessing critical energy infrastructure information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2011-04-01...2011-04-01 false Accessing critical energy infrastructure information...113 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION,...

  13. 18 CFR 388.113 - Accessing critical energy infrastructure information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2014-04-01...2014-04-01 false Accessing critical energy infrastructure information...113 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION,...

  14. 18 CFR 388.113 - Accessing critical energy infrastructure information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2012-04-01...2012-04-01 false Accessing critical energy infrastructure information...113 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION,...

  15. 48 CFR 401.170 - Electronic access to regulatory information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...regulatory information. The USDA Departmental Administration Procurement Homepage provides access to the AGAR, AGAR amendments (circulars), AGAR Advisories, and other USDA procurement policy and guidance in electronic form. The Internet...

  16. 48 CFR 401.170 - Electronic access to regulatory information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...regulatory information. The USDA Departmental Administration Procurement Homepage provides access to the AGAR, AGAR amendments (circulars), AGAR Advisories, and other USDA procurement policy and guidance in electronic form. The Internet...

  17. 48 CFR 401.170 - Electronic access to regulatory information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...regulatory information. The USDA Departmental Administration Procurement Homepage provides access to the AGAR, AGAR amendments (circulars), AGAR Advisories, and other USDA procurement policy and guidance in electronic form. The Internet...

  18. 48 CFR 401.170 - Electronic access to regulatory information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...regulatory information. The USDA Departmental Administration Procurement Homepage provides access to the AGAR, AGAR amendments (circulars), AGAR Advisories, and other USDA procurement policy and guidance in electronic form. The Internet...

  19. Accessibility Information for Virginia Tech Commencement 2014

    E-print Network

    Buehrer, R. Michael

    in their wheelchairs can sit closer to the stage by using the east or west side stands' wheelchair seating areas at the south end of the stadium. It is recommended that wheelchair users park at the south end of the stadium Ceremony (Lane Stadium) Ambulatory Seating (Accessible seating for non-wheelchair users) Individuals who

  20. 28 CFR 17.47 - Denial or revocation of eligibility for access to classified information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...revocation of eligibility for access to classified information. 17.47 Section 17...Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE CLASSIFIED NATIONAL SECURITY INFORMATION AND ACCESS TO CLASSIFIED INFORMATION Access to Classified...

  1. 32 CFR 154.6 - Standards for access to classified information or assignment to sensitive duties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...2014-07-01 false Standards for access to classified information or assignment to sensitive... § 154.6 Standards for access to classified information or assignment to sensitive...sensitive duties, or granted access to classified information unless an...

  2. 28 CFR 17.47 - Denial or revocation of eligibility for access to classified information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...revocation of eligibility for access to classified information. 17.47 Section 17...Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE CLASSIFIED NATIONAL SECURITY INFORMATION AND ACCESS TO CLASSIFIED INFORMATION Access to Classified...

  3. 32 CFR 154.6 - Standards for access to classified information or assignment to sensitive duties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 false Standards for access to classified information or assignment to sensitive... § 154.6 Standards for access to classified information or assignment to sensitive...sensitive duties, or granted access to classified information unless an...

  4. 28 CFR 17.47 - Denial or revocation of eligibility for access to classified information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...revocation of eligibility for access to classified information. 17.47 Section 17...Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE CLASSIFIED NATIONAL SECURITY INFORMATION AND ACCESS TO CLASSIFIED INFORMATION Access to Classified...

  5. 28 CFR 17.47 - Denial or revocation of eligibility for access to classified information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...revocation of eligibility for access to classified information. 17.47 Section 17...Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE CLASSIFIED NATIONAL SECURITY INFORMATION AND ACCESS TO CLASSIFIED INFORMATION Access to Classified...

  6. 32 CFR 154.6 - Standards for access to classified information or assignment to sensitive duties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 false Standards for access to classified information or assignment to sensitive... § 154.6 Standards for access to classified information or assignment to sensitive...sensitive duties, or granted access to classified information unless an...

  7. 32 CFR 154.6 - Standards for access to classified information or assignment to sensitive duties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...2012-07-01 false Standards for access to classified information or assignment to sensitive... § 154.6 Standards for access to classified information or assignment to sensitive...sensitive duties, or granted access to classified information unless an...

  8. 28 CFR 17.47 - Denial or revocation of eligibility for access to classified information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...revocation of eligibility for access to classified information. 17.47 Section 17...Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE CLASSIFIED NATIONAL SECURITY INFORMATION AND ACCESS TO CLASSIFIED INFORMATION Access to Classified...

  9. 32 CFR 154.6 - Standards for access to classified information or assignment to sensitive duties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 false Standards for access to classified information or assignment to sensitive... § 154.6 Standards for access to classified information or assignment to sensitive...sensitive duties, or granted access to classified information unless an...

  10. HOW TO ACCESS TREATMENT TECHNOLOGY INFORMATION

    EPA Science Inventory

    ATTIC (Alternative Treatment Technology Information Center) is an on-line computer database and repository for information on remediation and treatment technologies. t contains several of EPA's technology databases, including the Treatment Technology Database, the RREL (Risk Redu...

  11. Disclosure Control of Natural Language Information to Enable Secure and Enjoyable Communication over the Internet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kataoka, Haruno; Utsumi, Akira; Hirose, Yuki; Yoshiura, Hiroshi

    Disclosure control of natural language information (DCNL), which we are trying to realize, is described. DCNL will be used for securing human communications over the internet, such as through blogs and social network services. Before sentences in the communications are disclosed, they are checked by DCNL and any phrases that could reveal sensitive information are transformed or omitted so that they are no longer revealing. DCNL checks not only phrases that directly represent sensitive information but also those that indirectly suggest it. Combinations of phrases are also checked. DCNL automatically learns the knowledge of sensitive phrases and the suggestive relations between phrases by using co-occurrence analysis and Web retrieval. The users' burden is therefore minimized, i.e., they do not need to define many disclosure control rules. DCNL complements the traditional access control in the fields where reliability needs to be balanced with enjoyment and objects classes for the access control cannot be predefined.

  12. Geoscience Information Network (USGIN) Solutions for Interoperable Open Data Access Requirements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Allison, M. L.; Richard, S. M.; Patten, K.

    2014-12-01

    The geosciences are leading development of free, interoperable open access to data. US Geoscience Information Network (USGIN) is a freely available data integration framework, jointly developed by the USGS and the Association of American State Geologists (AASG), in compliance with international standards and protocols to provide easy discovery, access, and interoperability for geoscience data. USGIN standards include the geologic exchange language 'GeoSciML' (v 3.2 which enables instant interoperability of geologic formation data) which is also the base standard used by the 117-nation OneGeology consortium. The USGIN deployment of NGDS serves as a continent-scale operational demonstration of the expanded OneGeology vision to provide access to all geoscience data worldwide. USGIN is developed to accommodate a variety of applications; for example, the International Renewable Energy Agency streams data live to the Global Atlas of Renewable Energy. Alternatively, users without robust data sharing systems can download and implement a free software packet, "GINstack" to easily deploy web services for exposing data online for discovery and access. The White House Open Data Access Initiative requires all federally funded research projects and federal agencies to make their data publicly accessible in an open source, interoperable format, with metadata. USGIN currently incorporates all aspects of the Initiative as it emphasizes interoperability. The system is successfully deployed as the National Geothermal Data System (NGDS), officially launched at the White House Energy Datapalooza in May, 2014. The USGIN Foundation has been established to ensure this technology continues to be accessible and available.

  13. 77 FR 30045 - 30-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: English Language Evaluation Surveys

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-21

    ...Notice of Proposed Information Collection: English Language Evaluation Surveys ACTION: Notice...will allow ECA/P/V, as part of the English Language Evaluation, to conduct surveys...E-Teacher Scholarship program, and the English Language Specialist Program....

  14. Avoiding the Target Language with the Help of Google: Managing Language Choices in Gathering Information for EFL Project Work

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Musk, Nigel

    2014-01-01

    The integration of translation tools into the Google search engine has led to a huge increase in the visibility and accessibility of such tools, with potentially far-reaching implications for the English language classroom. Although these translation tools are the focus of this study, using them is in fact only one way in which English language

  15. SAPHIRE International: a tool for cross-language information retrieval.

    PubMed Central

    Hersh, W. R.; Donohoe, L. C.

    1998-01-01

    The world's foremost medical literature is written in English, yet much of the world does not speak English as a primary language. This has led to increasing research interest in cross-language information retrieval, where textual databases are queried in languages other than the one in which they are written. We describe enhancements to the SAPHIRE concept-retrieval system, which maps free-text documents and queries to concepts in the UMLS Metathesaurus, that allow it to accept text input and provide Metathesaurus concept output in any of six languages: English, German, French, Russian, Spanish, and Portuguese. An example of the use of SAPHIRE International is shown in the CliniWeb catalogue of clinically-oriented Web pages. A formative evaluation of German terms shows that additional work is required in handling plural and other suffix variants as well as expanding the breadth of synonyms in the UMLS Metathesaurus. Images Figure 2 PMID:9929304

  16. SAPHIRE International: a tool for cross-language information retrieval.

    PubMed

    Hersh, W R; Donohoe, L C

    1998-01-01

    The world's foremost medical literature is written in English, yet much of the world does not speak English as a primary language. This has led to increasing research interest in cross-language information retrieval, where textual databases are queried in languages other than the one in which they are written. We describe enhancements to the SAPHIRE concept-retrieval system, which maps free-text documents and queries to concepts in the UMLS Metathesaurus, that allow it to accept text input and provide Metathesaurus concept output in any of six languages: English, German, French, Russian, Spanish, and Portuguese. An example of the use of SAPHIRE International is shown in the CliniWeb catalogue of clinically-oriented Web pages. A formative evaluation of German terms shows that additional work is required in handling plural and other suffix variants as well as expanding the breadth of synonyms in the UMLS Metathesaurus. PMID:9929304

  17. Cognition and native-language grammar: the organizational role of adjective--noun word order in information representation.

    PubMed

    Percy, Elise J; Sherman, Steven J; Garcia-Marques, Leonel; Mata, André; Garcia-Marques, Teresa

    2009-12-01

    In the present research, we investigated the influence of native-language adjective-noun word order on category accessibility for nouns and adjectives by comparing Portuguese speakers (in whose language nouns precede adjectives) with English speakers (in whose language adjectives precede nouns). In two studies, we presented participants with different numbers of verbal or pictorial stimuli, and subsequently they answered questions about noun- and adjective-conditioned frequencies. The results demonstrated a primacy effect of native-language word order. Specifically, although both populations showed a speed advantage for noun-conditioned questions, this tendency was significantly stronger for Portuguese than for American participants. We discuss the important role of native-language syntax rules for the categorization and representation of information. PMID:19966252

  18. Access to F.D.A. Information.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sinovic, Dianna

    Prior to the enactment of the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), little of the data collected by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) was made public or could be obtained from the agency. Although the FDA files are now open, information is considered exempt from public disclosure when it involves regulatory procedures, program guidelines, work…

  19. Colon Cancer Information Preferences of English-as-a-Second-Language Immigrant Women: Does Language of Interview Matter?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Maria D. Thomson; Laurie Hoffman-Goetz

    2010-01-01

    Language of interview, an acculturation proxy measure, may differentiate between cancer information preferences of English-as-a-second-language\\u000a (ESL) immigrant women in Canada. Using directed content analysis, we compared 28 interviews conducted in Spanish or English.\\u000a Demographic comparisons were completed using paired t tests and McNemar related samples. Themes identified were: (1) using English language information and (2) improving information\\u000a for ESL speakers.

  20. Negotiating Power and Access to Second Language Resources: A Study on Short-Term Chinese MBA Students in America

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shi, Xingsong

    2011-01-01

    By looking into a group of 13 Chinese master's in business administration students' study abroad experience in the United States, this study contends that being situated in the second language (L2) communicative context does not guarantee international students complete access to language and cultural resources in the host society. Due to limited…

  1. Improving access to food and nutrition data 2. A language for the description of foods in databases

    E-print Network

    Soergel, Dagobert

    Improving access to food and nutrition data 2. A language for the description of foods in databases Abstract This paper presents a highly flexible and powerful language for the description of foods in food composition and food use databases and for the precise specification of recipes and food standards

  2. Inherent complexity: Disability, accessible tourism and accommodation information preferences

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Simon Darcy

    2010-01-01

    Studies have identified constraints with the way that accessible accommodation information is documented and marketed. Yet, no research has investigated the criteria that people with disabilities determine as ‘important’ to selecting accommodation and their preference for presenting this information. This paper presents the results of a survey (n = 566) to determine the relative importance of room selection criteria through

  3. Equal Access Initiative HIV/AIDS Information Resources from NLM

    SciTech Connect

    Templin-Branner W. and N. Dancy

    2010-09-11

    The Equal Access Initiative: HIV/AIDS Information Resources from the National Library of Medicine training is designed specifically for the National Minority AIDS Council 2010 Equal Access Initiative (EAI) Computer Grants Program awardees to provide valuable health information resources from the National Library of Medicine and other reliable sources to increase awareness of the wealth of treatment information and educational materials that are available on the Internet and to improve prevention and treatment education for their clients. These resources will also meet the needs of community-based

  4. Psycholinguistic Word Information in Second Language Oral Discourse

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Salsbury, Tom; Crossley, Scott A.; McNamara, Danielle S.

    2011-01-01

    This study uses word information scores from the Medical Research Council (MRC) Psycholinguistic Database to analyse word development in the spontaneous speech data of six adult learners of English as a second language (L2) in a one-year longitudinal study. In contrast to broad measures of lexical development, such as word frequency and lexical…

  5. A general language model for information retrieval (poster abstract)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Fei Song; W. Bruce Croft

    1999-01-01

    Our solution is to propose a new language model for information retrieval based on a range of data smoothing techniques. First of all, we smooth each document model with the Good-Turing estimate, which allocates some probability mass to the missing terms so that the probability of a missing term is always greater than zero [4]. Secondly, we expand each document

  6. Safe Systems Programming Languages Department of Computer and Information Science

    E-print Network

    Plotkin, Joshua B.

    , dynamic safety checking, static analysis, region- based memory management and linear type systems are usedSafe Systems Programming Languages Peng Li Department of Computer and Information Science are indispensable for systems programming. However, C achieved these goals at the cost of sacrificing type safety

  7. Language model and acoustic model information in probabilistic speech recognition

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Ferretti; G. Maltese; S. Scarci

    1989-01-01

    The authors propose an approach to the estimation of the performance of the language model and the acoustic model in probabilistic speech recognition that tries to take into account the interaction between the two. It consists of a new measure, called speech decoder entropy (SDE), of joint acoustic-context information. Some results are presented for a 20000-word vocabulary recognizer. The authors

  8. Enriching Formal Language Learning with an Informal Social Component

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dettori, Giuliana; Torsani, Simone

    2013-01-01

    This paper describes an informal component that we added to an online formal language learning environment in order to help the learners reach relevant Internet pages they can freely use to complement their learning activity. Thanks to this facility, each lesson is enriched, at run time, with a number of links automatically retrieved from social…

  9. Term feedback for information retrieval with language models

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bin Tan; Atulya Velivelli; Hui Fang; Chengxiang Zhai

    2007-01-01

    In this paper we study term-based feedback for information re- trieval in the language modeling approach. With term feedback a user directly judges the relevance of individual terms without in- teraction with feedback documents, taking full control of the query expansion process. We propose a cluster-based method for select- ing terms to present to the user for judgment, as well

  10. Deriving a Bilingual Lexicon for Cross Language Information Retrieval

    E-print Network

    Hiemstra, Djoerd

    Deriving a Bilingual Lexicon for Cross Language Information Retrieval D. Hiemstra Department@cs.utwente.nl Abstract In this paper we describe a systematic approach to derive a bilingual lexicon automatically from, a bilingual retrieval environment was build. Recall and precision of monolingual (Dutch) retrieval

  11. Hearing Loss in Children: Delayed Speech and Language Information Packet.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Inst. on Deafness and Other Communications Disorders, Bethesda, MD.

    This information packet presents materials which focus on early identification of hearing impairment in infants and young children to prevent speech and language delays. A glossary of terms is followed by a summary of results of the National Institutes of Health Consensus Development Conference (1993) concerning early identification of hearing…

  12. Rights to information access under the Data Protection Act.

    PubMed

    Dimond, Bridgit

    A patient has a legal right to access personal information held by health professionals on the basis of statutory provisions, such as the Data Protection Act 1998 and the regulations made under that Act, the Access to Health Reports Act 1988 (which is considered in a later article), and also on the basis of the common law, i.e. judge made or case law. Neither legal rights, however, give the patient an absolute right, but are qualified. PMID:16116383

  13. Privacy policy enforcement for health information data access

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Faiz Currim; Eunjin Jung; Xin Xiao; Insoon Jo

    2009-01-01

    Wireless technology is steadily improving the access and cost-effectiveness of healthcare data management. With the growth in information access, comes the challenge of maintaining patient record privacy and security. Our work develops an algorithm to evaluate ad-hoc user queries against database policies. We consider an efficient evaluation algorithm (defined at the schema-level), based on a classification of attributes in the

  14. Digital Atlas of Mexico Provides Accessible Climate Information

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zavala-Hidalgo, Jorge; Fernández-Eguiarte, Agustin; Romero-Centeno, Rosario; Zavala-Romero, Olmo

    2010-04-01

    Modern geomatic technologies—and particularly geoscientific, digital, and online multimedia cartography—represent one response to the growing demand for climatic information by the scientific community and general users. The Digital Climatic Atlas of Mexico (DCAM) fills the need to have readily accessible climate information about Mexico, Central America, and adjacent areas in preconfigured or user-configured georeferenced maps. The atlas provides information about the continental and oceanic climate, bioclimatic variables, and socioeconomic indicators (Figure 1).

  15. 77 FR 59249 - Agency Information Collection (Access to Financial Records) Activities Under OMB Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-26

    ...Information Collection (Access to Financial Records) Activities Under OMB Review...INFORMATION: Title: Access to Financial Records, 38 CFR 3.115. OMB Control...authorized to request access to financial records to obtain the current...

  16. Training Older Adults to Access Health Information

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bertera, Elizabeth M.; Bertera, Robert L.; Morgan, Russell; Wuertz, Ellen; Attey, Alfred M. O.

    2007-01-01

    Many older adults do not use health information available on the Internet. Older adults residing in affordable housing were taught to use the NIHSeniorHealth.gov Web site. Participants were predominantly African American women with limited education and income (N = 42). Outcomes included changes in computer and health Web site navigation skills.…

  17. Biometric authentication: assuring access to information

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Austin Jay Harris; David C. Yen

    2002-01-01

    In this paper biometric technology will be defined and then discussed as to how it will help the business world protect its information. Background will be given to show how identification and authentication have developed throughout the years and why another form of authorization needs to come to the forefront. There are reasons for higher security and biometric authentication will

  18. Where Do We Stand? Language Program Direction as Reflected in the "MLA Job Information List."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glew, Ellen

    2000-01-01

    Compares information gleaned from the Modern Language Association's "MLA Job Information List" seeking language program directors in 1996 and provides an overview of changes in the profession during that time. (Author/VWL)

  19. On-Demand Associative Cross-Language Information Retrieval

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Geraldo, André Pinto; Moreira, Viviane P.; Gonçalves, Marcos A.

    This paper proposes the use of algorithms for mining association rules as an approach for Cross-Language Information Retrieval. These algorithms have been widely used to analyse market basket data. The idea is to map the problem of finding associations between sales items to the problem of finding term translations over a parallel corpus. The proposal was validated by means of experiments using queries in two distinct languages: Portuguese and Finnish to retrieve documents in English. The results show that the performance of our proposed approach is comparable to the performance of the monolingual baseline and to query translation via machine translation, even though these systems employ more complex Natural Language Processing techniques. The combination between machine translation and our approach yielded the best results, even outperforming the monolingual baseline.

  20. Challenges in Information Retrieval and Language Modeling

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Allen; J. Aslam; N. Belkin; C. Buckley; J. Callan; W. B. Croft; S. Dumais; N. Fuhr; D. Harman; D. J. Harper; D. Hiemstra; T. Hofmann; E. Hovey; W. Kraaij; J. Lafferty; V. Lavrenko; D. Lewis; L. Liddy; R. Manmatha; A. McCallum; J. Ponte; J. Prager; D. Radev; P. Resnik; S. E. Robertson; R. Rosenfeld; S. Roukos; M. Sanderson; R. Schwartz; A. Singhal; A. Smeaton; H. Turtle; E. M. Voorhees; R. Weischedel; J. Xu; B. C. Zhai

    2003-01-01

    Information retrieval (IR) research has reached a\\u000apoint where it is appropriate to assess progress and\\u000ato define a research agenda for the next five to ten\\u000ayears. This report summarizes a discussion of IR\\u000aresearch challenges that took place at a recent\\u000aworkshop.\\u000aThe attendees of the workshop considered\\u000ainformation retrieval research in a range of areas\\u000achosen to

  1. Childhood brain tumour information on the Internet in the Chinese language

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Loretta Lau; Darren R. Hargrave; Ute Bartels; Carlos Esquembre; Eric Bouffet

    2006-01-01

    Background  Internet information, now available in many different languages, can become a major source of information for patients and families in their own mother tongue. Chinese represent one of most frequently spoken language in the world. The aims of this study were to critically appraise the quantity and quality of Internet health information in childhood brain tumour in the Chinese language

  2. SIDECACHE: Information access, management and dissemination framework for web services

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background Many bioinformatics algorithms and data sets are deployed using web services so that the results can be explored via the Internet and easily integrated into other tools and services. These services often include data from other sites that is accessed either dynamically or through file downloads. Developers of these services face several problems because of the dynamic nature of the information from the upstream services. Many publicly available repositories of bioinformatics data frequently update their information. When such an update occurs, the developers of the downstream service may also need to update. For file downloads, this process is typically performed manually followed by web service restart. Requests for information obtained by dynamic access of upstream sources is sometimes subject to rate restrictions. Findings SideCache provides a framework for deploying web services that integrate information extracted from other databases and from web sources that are periodically updated. This situation occurs frequently in biotechnology where new information is being continuously generated and the latest information is important. SideCache provides several types of services including proxy access and rate control, local caching, and automatic web service updating. Conclusions We have used the SideCache framework to automate the deployment and updating of a number of bioinformatics web services and tools that extract information from remote primary sources such as NCBI, NCIBI, and Ensembl. The SideCache framework also has been used to share research results through the use of a SideCache derived web service. PMID:21672219

  3. Information "Publics" and Equitable Access to Electronic Government Information: The Case of Agriculture.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shill, Harold B.

    1992-01-01

    Argues that making agricultural information produced by the federal government in electronic formats available through private vendors may lead to inequitable access for its users and challenges the federal government's role in the dissemination of agricultural information. An information public for agricultural information is defined, and…

  4. IMPROVING ACCESS TO LEGAL INFORMATION: HOW DRAFTING SYSTEMS HELP

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marie-Francine Moens

    Legal information is found in case law, legislation, doctrine, and other documentary sources. The texts of these documents\\u000a are stored in a database or several databases. The databases are increasingly accessible viaWeb portals that are maintained\\u000a by public and private institutions. The legal information is usually searched by means of a full text search, i.e., (almost)\\u000a every term in the

  5. ACCESSING LOCATION AND PROXIMITY INFORMATION IN A DECENTRALIZED ENVIRONMENT

    E-print Network

    Steimann, Friedrich

    ACCESSING LOCATION AND PROXIMITY INFORMATION IN A DECENTRALIZED ENVIRONMENT Location Resolution a mobile user's current location and provide location-depend- ent output. Often, such applications still into account the requirements of clients in mobile environments. Our algorithms are based on a decentralized

  6. Providing Secure Access to Confidential Patient Information Detailing Diabetic Condition

    E-print Network

    Kent, University of

    Providing Secure Access to Confidential Patient Information Detailing Diabetic Condition Dr. D +44 161 295 5351 Fax +44 161 745 8169 Email: d.w.chadwick@salford.ac.uk 2 Diabetes and Endocrinology testing Introduction "There are nearly 1.5 million people in the United Kingdom with diabetes

  7. Location-aware access to hospital information and services

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marcela D. Rodríguez; Jesus Favela; Edgar A. Martínez; Miguel A. Muñoz

    2004-01-01

    Hospital workers are highly mobile; they are con- stantly changing location to perform their daily work, which includes visiting patients, locating resources, such as medical records, or consulting with other specialists. The information required by these specialists is highly dependent on their location. Access to a patient's laboratory results might be more relevant when the physician is near the patient's

  8. For more information about accessibility at the University

    E-print Network

    Tobar, Michael

    For more information about accessibility at the University go to: www Foundation program. UWA is Western Australia's oldest university, established in 1911, and has a current buildings have phones that connect to Security. We urge all students, staff and visitors to help make UWA

  9. PennAccess: John Morgan Building Entrance Information

    E-print Network

    Plotkin, Joshua B.

    PennAccess: John Morgan Building Entrance Information: 3620 Hamilton Walk . Philadelphia . PA and third floors of John Morgan Building. This entrance is located off Hamilton Walk on the north side. This entrance should be used when approaching John Morgan Building from the east side of the building. 2

  10. PennAccess: Fisher -Bennett Hall Entrance Information

    E-print Network

    Plotkin, Joshua B.

    from the ramp (both the outer and the inner east door) has an automatic opener, which is controlled have four to nine steps at each entrance and are not accessible. Elevator Information: · There is one elevator just to the east of the main stair. To reach it, turn left after you pass through automated

  11. VPQ: A Spoken Language Interface to Large Scale Directory Information

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alicai Abella; Bruce Buntschuh; Giuseppe DiFabbrizio; Candace A. Kamm; Mehryar Mohri; Shrikanth Narayanan; Steve Marcus; Douglas Sharp

    1998-01-01

    This paper describes VPQ (Voice Post Query), a dialog system that provides spoken access to the information in the AT&T corporate personnel database (>120,000 entries). An explicit design goal is to have the user's initial interaction with the system be rather unconstrained and to rely on tighter, prompt constrained, dialog only when absolutely necessary. The purpose of VPQ is both

  12. Opportunities for Foreign Language Learning and Use within a Learner's Informal Social Networks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kurata, Naomi

    2010-01-01

    Despite widespread acknowledgement of the importance of the social dimensions of second language acquisition, there has been little research on second language (L2) use and learning in the social networks of foreign language learners. This study examines the language use of a student of Japanese in Australia in two informal conversations he had…

  13. Improving Access to Public Health Information: A Study of Information Needs in a State Health Department

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. Hatheway Simpson; Nancy R. LaPelle; Elaine Russo Martin

    2006-01-01

    Background: Public health challenges can be better addressed if credible information about health risks and effective public health practices is readily available. The need for improved access to evidence-based public health information has been recognized by public health practitioners, researchers, policy makers, and librarians.\\u000aObjective: To understand the information needs of the public health workforce and to improve access to

  14. 12 CFR 352.5 - Accessibility to electronic and information technology.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...Accessibility to electronic and information technology. 352.5 Section 352...Accessibility to electronic and information technology. (a) In accordance...that the electronic and information technology the agency develops,...

  15. 39 CFR 255.4 - Accessibility to electronic and information technology.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...Accessibility to electronic and information technology. 255.4 Section 255.4 Postal...FACILITIES, AND ELECTRONIC AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY § 255.4 Accessibility to electronic and information technology. (a) In accordance with...

  16. 16 CFR 6.152 - Program accessibility: Electronic and information technology.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...accessibility: Electronic and information technology. 6.152 Section 6.152 Commercial...accessibility: Electronic and information technology. (a) When developing, procuring...or using electronic and information technology, the Commission shall ensure,...

  17. 39 CFR 255.4 - Accessibility to electronic and information technology.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...Accessibility to electronic and information technology. 255.4 Section 255.4 Postal...FACILITIES, AND ELECTRONIC AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY § 255.4 Accessibility to electronic and information technology. (a) In accordance with...

  18. 39 CFR 255.4 - Accessibility to electronic and information technology.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...Accessibility to electronic and information technology. 255.4 Section 255.4 Postal...FACILITIES, AND ELECTRONIC AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY § 255.4 Accessibility to electronic and information technology. (a) In accordance with...

  19. 39 CFR 255.4 - Accessibility to electronic and information technology.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...Accessibility to electronic and information technology. 255.4 Section 255.4 Postal...FACILITIES, AND ELECTRONIC AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY § 255.4 Accessibility to electronic and information technology. (a) In accordance with...

  20. 16 CFR 6.152 - Program accessibility: Electronic and information technology.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...accessibility: Electronic and information technology. 6.152 Section 6.152 Commercial...accessibility: Electronic and information technology. (a) When developing, procuring...or using electronic and information technology, the Commission shall ensure,...

  1. 39 CFR 255.4 - Accessibility to electronic and information technology.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...Accessibility to electronic and information technology. 255.4 Section 255.4 Postal...FACILITIES, AND ELECTRONIC AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY § 255.4 Accessibility to electronic and information technology. (a) In accordance with...

  2. 42 CFR 480.144 - Access to QIO data and information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 false Access to QIO data and information. 480.144 Section 480.144 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT...Information § 480.144 Access to QIO data and information. CMS may...

  3. 12 CFR 352.5 - Accessibility to electronic and information technology.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...Accessibility to electronic and information technology. 352.5 Section 352...Accessibility to electronic and information technology. (a) In accordance...that the electronic and information technology the agency develops,...

  4. 12 CFR 352.5 - Accessibility to electronic and information technology.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...Accessibility to electronic and information technology. 352.5 Section 352...Accessibility to electronic and information technology. (a) In accordance...that the electronic and information technology the agency develops,...

  5. 12 CFR 352.5 - Accessibility to electronic and information technology.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...Accessibility to electronic and information technology. 352.5 Section 352...Accessibility to electronic and information technology. (a) In accordance...that the electronic and information technology the agency develops,...

  6. 12 CFR 352.5 - Accessibility to electronic and information technology.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...Accessibility to electronic and information technology. 352.5 Section 352...Accessibility to electronic and information technology. (a) In accordance...that the electronic and information technology the agency develops,...

  7. 10 CFR 110.121 - Security clearances and access to classified information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...Security clearances and access to classified information. 110.121 Section...MATERIAL Special Procedures for Classified Information in Hearings § 110...Security clearances and access to classified information. (a) No...

  8. 10 CFR 110.121 - Security clearances and access to classified information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...Security clearances and access to classified information. 110.121 Section...MATERIAL Special Procedures for Classified Information in Hearings § 110...Security clearances and access to classified information. (a) No...

  9. 10 CFR 110.121 - Security clearances and access to classified information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...Security clearances and access to classified information. 110.121 Section...MATERIAL Special Procedures for Classified Information in Hearings § 110...Security clearances and access to classified information. (a) No...

  10. UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH SUBJECT: Control of Physical Access to Confidential Information

    E-print Network

    Sibille, Etienne

    . To ensure that access to University areas containing confidential information is appropriately secured. 2 information, clinical and non- clinical, shall be appropriately secured. This includes appropriately managingUNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH POLICY SUBJECT: Control of Physical Access to Confidential Information

  11. Access and Support in the Development of a Visual Language: Arts Education and Disabled Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor, Margaret

    2005-01-01

    Overall, little is known about the ways in which disabled children and young people produce artwork or how they are enabled to access the visual arts curriculum particularly when they have high level and complex support requirements. This article focuses on the Information Communication Technology (ICT) and practical assistance that enables…

  12. Access to Information and Privacy: The Ten Information Commandments.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kirby, Michael D.

    1986-01-01

    Examines developments in information technology that might endanger individual privacy and legislative responses to these threats by the English-speaking democracies, i.e., Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Guidelines for the responsible use of information technologies are proposed. (CLB)

  13. School Is Fun at Recess: Informal Analyses of Written Language for Students with Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gregg, Noel; Mather, Nancy

    2002-01-01

    This article reviews the varied components of written language, suggest informal means for written language assessment, and summarizes the cognitive and linguistic factors that influence varied aspects of writing performance. Two informal evaluation scales are presented that stress the interconnection between oral and written language processes.…

  14. Document language models, query models, and risk minimization for information retrieval

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John D. Lafferty; Chengxiang Zhai

    2001-01-01

    We present a framework for information retrieval that combines document models and query models using a probabilistic ranking function based on Bayesian decision theory. The framework suggests an operational retrieval model that extends recent developments in the language modeling approach to information retrieval. A language model for each document is estimated, as well as a language model for each query,

  15. Towards a Theoretical Framework for Informal Language Learning via Interactive Television

    E-print Network

    Masthoff, Judith

    television. We argue that mapping current language learning theories onto learners' expressed attitudes to aTowards a Theoretical Framework for Informal Language Learning via Interactive Television ABSTRACT This paper proposes a pedagogical framework for informal language learning services via interactive

  16. Guidelines for Internet Access to Journals This information provides publishers' Guidelines for Institutional Subscribers regarding Internet Access to Uni-

    E-print Network

    Sprott, Julien Clinton

    Guidelines for Internet Access to Journals This information provides publishers' Guidelines for Institutional Subscribers regarding Internet Access to Uni- versity of Wisconsin Press Journal content. · INTERNET ACCESS is defined as the viewing and use of subscribed Journal content online via the World Wide

  17. AIM Access Request Access to confidential student information is protected under the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA), and

    E-print Network

    Hart, Gus

    AIM Access Request Access to confidential student information is protected under the Family the FERPAtraining video and sign a confidentiality statement. The confidentiality statement must be included when submitting this form. If the confidentiality statement is not submitted, access will not be granted. Please

  18. Accessing Wind Tunnels From NASA's Information Power Grid

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Becker, Jeff; Biegel, Bryan (Technical Monitor)

    2002-01-01

    The NASA Ames wind tunnel customers are one of the first users of the Information Power Grid (IPG) storage system at the NASA Advanced Supercomputing Division. We wanted to be able to store their data on the IPG so that it could be accessed remotely in a secure but timely fashion. In addition, incorporation into the IPG allows future use of grid computational resources, e.g., for post-processing of data, or to do side-by-side CFD validation. In this paper, we describe the integration of grid data access mechanisms with the existing DARWIN web-based system that is used to access wind tunnel test data. We also show that the combined system has reasonable performance: wind tunnel data may be retrieved at 50Mbits/s over a 100 base T network connected to the IPG storage server.

  19. 77 FR 42556 - Proposed Information Collection (Access to Financial Records) Activity: Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-19

    ...Information Collection (Access to Financial Records) Activity: Comment Request...technology. Title: Access to Financial Records, 38 CFR 3.115. OMB Control...authorized to request access to financial records to obtain a current...

  20. 22 CFR 9.12 - Access to classified information by historical researchers and certain former government personnel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 2012-04-01 false Access to classified information by historical researchers...INFORMATION REGULATIONS § 9.12 Access to classified information by historical researchers...Department procedures regarding the access to classified information by historical...

  1. 22 CFR 9.12 - Access to classified information by historical researchers and certain former government personnel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 2010-04-01 false Access to classified information by historical researchers...INFORMATION REGULATIONS § 9.12 Access to classified information by historical researchers...Department procedures regarding the access to classified information by historical...

  2. 31 CFR 2.2 - Access to classified information by historical researchers, former Treasury Presidential and Vice...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 2014-07-01 false Access to classified information by historical researchers...SECURITY INFORMATION § 2.2 Access to classified information by historical researchers...Vice Presidents. (a) Access to classified information may be granted only...

  3. 31 CFR 2.2 - Access to classified information by historical researchers, former Treasury Presidential and Vice...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 2012-07-01 false Access to classified information by historical researchers...SECURITY INFORMATION § 2.2 Access to classified information by historical researchers...Vice Presidents. (a) Access to classified information may be granted only...

  4. 22 CFR 9.12 - Access to classified information by historical researchers and certain former government personnel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 2013-04-01 false Access to classified information by historical researchers...INFORMATION REGULATIONS § 9.12 Access to classified information by historical researchers...Department procedures regarding the access to classified information by historical...

  5. 22 CFR 9.12 - Access to classified information by historical researchers and certain former government personnel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 2011-04-01 false Access to classified information by historical researchers...INFORMATION REGULATIONS § 9.12 Access to classified information by historical researchers...Department procedures regarding the access to classified information by historical...

  6. 31 CFR 2.2 - Access to classified information by historical researchers, former Treasury Presidential and Vice...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 2013-07-01 false Access to classified information by historical researchers...SECURITY INFORMATION § 2.2 Access to classified information by historical researchers...Vice Presidents. (a) Access to classified information may be granted only...

  7. [Inequities in access to information and inequities in health].

    PubMed

    Filho, Alberto Pellegrini

    2002-01-01

    This piece presents evidence that inequities in information are an important determinant of health inequities and that eliminating these inequities in access to information, especially by using new information and communication technologies (ICTs), could represent a significant advance in terms of guaranteeing the right to health for all. The piece reviews the most important international scientific research findings on the determinants of the health of populations, emphasizing the role of socioeconomic inequities and of deteriorating social capital as factors that worsen health conditions. It is noteworthy that Latin America has both socioeconomic inequities and major sectors of the population living in poverty. Among the fundamental strategies for overcoming the inequalities and the poverty are greater participation by the poor in civic life and the strengthening of social capital. The contribution that the new ICTs could make to these strategies is analyzed, and the Virtual Health Library (VHL) is discussed. Coordinated by the Latin American and Caribbean Center on Health Sciences Information (BIREME), the VHL is a contribution by the Pan American Health Organization that takes advantage of the potential of ICTs to democratize information and knowledge and consequently promote equity in health. The "digital gap" is discussed as something that can produce inequity itself and also increase other inequities, including ones in health. Prospects are discussed for overcoming this gap, emphasizing the role that governments and international organizations should play in order to expand access to the global public good that information for social development is. PMID:12162837

  8. Accessibility of the nondominant language in picture naming: a counterintuitive effect of dementia on bilingual language production.

    PubMed

    Gollan, Tamar H; Salmon, David P; Montoya, Rosa I; da Pena, Eileen

    2010-04-01

    The current study tested the assumption that bilinguals with dementia regress to using primarily the dominant language. Spanish-English bilinguals with probable Alzheimer's disease (AD; n=29), and matched bilingual controls (n=42) named Boston Naming Test pictures in their dominant and nondominant languages. Surprisingly, differences between patients and controls were larger using dominant-language than nondominant-language naming scores, and bilinguals with AD were either more likely than controls (in English-dominant bilinguals), or equally likely (in Spanish-dominant bilinguals), to name some pictures in the nondominant language that they could not produce in their dominant language. These findings suggest that dominant language testing may provide the best assessment of language deficits in bilingual AD, and argue against the common notion that the nondominant language is particularly susceptible to dementia. The greater vulnerability of the dominant language may reflect the increased probability of AD affecting richer semantic representations associated with dominant compared to nondominant language names. PMID:20036679

  9. Assessment of Language Proficiency: Informing Policy and Practice.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Canales, JoAnn

    A discussion of language proficiency focuses on the conceptual framework for assessing proficiency and its implications for educational policy formation at the state and local levels. First, the concept of language is defined in terms of the interaction of these elements: language subsystems, communication skills, language domains, language

  10. Online catalog access and distribution of remotely sensed information

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lutton, Stephen M.

    1997-09-01

    Remote sensing is providing voluminous data and value added information products. Electronic sensors, communication electronics, computer software, hardware, and network communications technology have matured to the point where a distributed infrastructure for remotely sensed information is a reality. The amount of remotely sensed data and information is making distributed infrastructure almost a necessity. This infrastructure provides data collection, archiving, cataloging, browsing, processing, and viewing for applications from scientific research to economic, legal, and national security decision making. The remote sensing field is entering a new exciting stage of commercial growth and expansion into the mainstream of government and business decision making. This paper overviews this new distributed infrastructure and then focuses on describing a software system for on-line catalog access and distribution of remotely sensed information.

  11. Can Ada™ Be a Standard Language for Medical Information Processing?*

    PubMed Central

    Feldman, Michael B.

    1984-01-01

    In this paper the virtues of the new programming language Ada are discussed with respect to the design and implementation of integrated information systems, in particular for medical applications. Ada provides a number of important facilities for building large on-line systems. These include modern data structures and program control operations; built-in operations for describing concurrent real-time processes; direct programmer control of computational precision; straightforward description of low-level hardware dependencies; and an unprecedentedly high degree of standardization and portability.

  12. 10 CFR 50.37 - Agreement limiting access to Classified Information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...false Agreement limiting access to Classified Information. 50.37 Section 50...37 Agreement limiting access to Classified Information. As part of its application...before the receipt of Restricted Data or classified National Security...

  13. 10 CFR 50.37 - Agreement limiting access to Classified Information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...false Agreement limiting access to Classified Information. 50.37 Section 50...37 Agreement limiting access to Classified Information. As part of its application...before the receipt of Restricted Data or classified National Security...

  14. 10 CFR 50.37 - Agreement limiting access to Classified Information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...false Agreement limiting access to Classified Information. 50.37 Section 50...37 Agreement limiting access to Classified Information. As part of its application...before the receipt of Restricted Data or classified National Security...

  15. 10 CFR 50.37 - Agreement limiting access to Classified Information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...false Agreement limiting access to Classified Information. 50.37 Section 50...37 Agreement limiting access to Classified Information. As part of its application...before the receipt of Restricted Data or classified National Security...

  16. 10 CFR 50.37 - Agreement limiting access to Classified Information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...false Agreement limiting access to Classified Information. 50.37 Section 50...37 Agreement limiting access to Classified Information. As part of its application...before the receipt of Restricted Data or classified National Security...

  17. 24 CFR 25.12 - Public access to information; publication of actions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...Development 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Public access to information; publication of actions. 25.12...Urban Development MORTGAGEE REVIEW BOARD § 25.12 Public access to information; publication of actions....

  18. 24 CFR 25.12 - Public access to information; publication of actions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...Development 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Public access to information; publication of actions. 25.12...Urban Development MORTGAGEE REVIEW BOARD § 25.12 Public access to information; publication of actions....

  19. 24 CFR 25.12 - Public access to information; publication of actions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...Development 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Public access to information; publication of actions. 25.12...Urban Development MORTGAGEE REVIEW BOARD § 25.12 Public access to information; publication of actions....

  20. 24 CFR 25.12 - Public access to information; publication of actions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...Development 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Public access to information; publication of actions. 25.12...Urban Development MORTGAGEE REVIEW BOARD § 25.12 Public access to information; publication of actions....

  1. Language Processing in Children with Cochlear Implants: A Preliminary Report on Lexical Access for Production and Comprehension

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schwartz, Richard G.; Steinman, Susan; Ying, Elizabeth; Mystal, Elana Ying; Houston, Derek M.

    2013-01-01

    In this plenary paper, we present a review of language research in children with cochlear implants along with an outline of a 5-year project designed to examine the lexical access for production and recognition. The project will use auditory priming, picture naming with auditory or visual interfering stimuli (Picture-Word Interference and…

  2. Language Micro-gaming: Fun and Informal Microblogging Activities for Language Learning

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Perifanou, Maria A.

    'Learning is an active process of constructing rather than acquiring knowledge and instruction is a process of supporting that construction rather than communicating knowledge' [1]. Can this process of learning be fun for the learner? Successful learning involves a mixture of work and fun. One of the recent web 2.0 services that can offer great possibilities for learning is Microblogging [2]. This kind of motivation can raise students' natural curiosity and interest which promotes learning. Play can also promote excitement, enjoyment, and a relaxing atmosphere. As Vygotsky (1933) [3] advocates, play creates a zone of proximal development (ZDP) in children. According to Vygotsky, the ZDP is the distance between one's actual developmental level and one's potential developmental level when interacting with someone and/or something in the social environment [4]. Play can be highly influential in learning. What happens when play becomes informal learning supported by web 2.0 technologies? Practical ideas applied in an Italian foreign language classroom using microblogging to promote fun and informal learning showed that microblogging can enhance motivation, participation, collaboration and practice in basic language skills.

  3. Medical Markup Language (MML) for XML-based Hospital Information Interchange

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kenji Araki; Katsuhiro Ohashi; Shunji Yamazaki; Yasuyuki Hirose; Yoshinori Yamashita; Ryuichi Yamamoto; Kazushi Minagawa; Norihiro Sakamoto; Hiroyuki Yoshihara

    2000-01-01

    Medical Markup Language (MML) has been developed over the last 6 years in order to create a set of standards by which medical data, within Japan and hopefully worldwide, can be stored, accessed and exchanged in any number of physical locates. The MML version 2.21 is characterized by XML as meta-language, module structure for each document and enhancement of linking

  4. A mobile agent approach to access and represent remote spatial information in LBS

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fang, Zhixiang; Li, Qingquan; Luo, Zhi; Geng, Xuexian

    2005-10-01

    The mobile computing based Location based Service (LBS) technology has been increasingly grown in the past decade; however there still exist some important constraints that complicate work with a mobile spatial information system. The limited resources in the mobile computing terminals would restrict some features that are available on the traditional computing technology. This paper will explores the use of a cooperative, distributed multi-agent systems (Java Agent Development Framework, JADE) to improve the efficiency of accessing and represent remote spatial information in mobile terminals and fixed terminal which support Java runtime environment (JRE), because that JADE system has following features: distributed agent platform, graphical user interface to manage several agents and agent containers form remote host, supporting to execution of multiple, parallel and concurrent agent activities via behavior model, FIPA-compliant platform including AMS (Agent Management System), DF (Directory Facilitator) and ACC (Agent Communication Channel), Efficient transport of ACL messages inside same agent system, library of FIPA interaction protocols ready to be used, FIPA-compliant naming service and supporting for application-defined content languages and ontology. An agile and flexible agent based approach for accessing and representing remote spatial information is proposed in this paper, mobile agent system architecture in LBS is presented, and a prototype system is given to shown that JADE makes this approach feasible and effective.

  5. Unified Information Access for the 21st Century: A Project of The California State University.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Doug; Pollard, Marvin; Smith, Gordon

    This paper presents the results of a three-year project of the 22 libraries of the California State University (CSU) system to create an entirely new approach to information access. The Unified Information Access System (UIAS) is designed to provide integrated, single-search access to the full range of library information resources. In addition to…

  6. Adult Age Differences in Accessing and Retrieving Information from Long-Term Memory.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Petros, Thomas V.; And Others

    1983-01-01

    Investigated adult age differences in accessing and retrieving information from long-term memory. Results showed that older adults (N=26) were slower than younger adults (N=35) at feature extraction, lexical access, and accessing category information. The age deficit was proportionally greater when retrieval of category information was required.…

  7. HealthLine: Speech-based access to health information by low-literate users

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Sherwani; N. Ali; S. Mirza; A. Fatma; Y. Memon; M. Karim; R. Tongia; R. Rosenfeld

    2007-01-01

    Health information access by low-literate community health workers is a pressing need of community health programs across the developing world. We present results from a needs assessment we conducted to understand the health information access practices and needs of various types of health workers in Pakistan. We also present a prototype for speech-based health information access, as well as discuss

  8. Bay Area Wetland Project Map Public Access to Information about Wetland Habitat Projects

    E-print Network

    Bay Area Wetland Project Map Public Access to Information about Wetland Habitat Projects In San an interactive online map that provides free public access to information about the location, size, sponsors in the future. The primary goal of this project is to improve public access to information about wetland

  9. Accessibility of the Nondominant Language in Picture Naming: A Counterintuitive Effect of Dementia on Bilingual Language Production

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gollan, Tamar H.; Salmon, David P.; Montoya, Rosa I.; da Pena, Eileen

    2010-01-01

    The current study tested the assumption that bilinguals with dementia regress to using primarily the dominant language. Spanish-English bilinguals with probable Alzheimer's disease (AD; n = 29), and matched bilingual controls (n = 42) named Boston Naming Test pictures in their dominant and nondominant languages. Surprisingly, differences between…

  10. A study of smoothing methods for language models applied to Ad Hoc information retrieval

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chengxiang Zhai; John D. Lafferty

    2001-01-01

    Language modeling approaches to information retrieval are attractive and promising because they connect the problem of retrieval with that of language model estimation, which has been studied extensively in other application areas such as speech recognition. The basic idea of these approaches is to estimate a language model for each document, and then rank documents by the likelihood of the

  11. Computer network access to scientific information systems for minority universities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Thomas, Valerie L.; Wakim, Nagi T.

    1993-08-01

    The evolution of computer networking technology has lead to the establishment of a massive networking infrastructure which interconnects various types of computing resources at many government, academic, and corporate institutions. A large segment of this infrastructure has been developed to facilitate information exchange and resource sharing within the scientific community. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) supports both the development and the application of computer networks which provide its community with access to many valuable multi-disciplinary scientific information systems and on-line databases. Recognizing the need to extend the benefits of this advanced networking technology to the under-represented community, the National Space Science Data Center (NSSDC) in the Space Data and Computing Division at the Goddard Space Flight Center has developed the Minority University-Space Interdisciplinary Network (MU-SPIN) Program: a major networking and education initiative for Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) and Minority Universities (MUs). In this paper, we will briefly explain the various components of the MU-SPIN Program while highlighting how, by providing access to scientific information systems and on-line data, it promotes a higher level of collaboration among faculty and students and NASA scientists.

  12. Access to Max '91 information via computer networks

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kiplinger, Alan L.

    1989-01-01

    Various types of flare information, activity, active region reports, x ray plots and daily Campaign Action notices are now available on SPAN, and INTERNET. Although this system was developed for use by Max '91 participants during campaigns, it is updated daily and maintained at times outside of campaigns. Thus it is available for general use outside of campaigns. The Space Environment Laboratory maintains VAX and Apollo systems, both of which are on INTERNET. The VAX is also on the SPAN network as node SELVAX or 9555. Details of access to files on the VAX are given.

  13. The role of language context in native language reading: selective vs. non-selective access in readings of interlingual homographs 

    E-print Network

    Radcke, Sven

    2011-06-22

    A large body of recent psycholinguistic research has focused on lexical retrieval as a selective vs. non-selective process. Much of the early research has examined this phenomenon by presenting words in isolation, or more recently in second language...

  14. Language Maintenance in a Multilingual Family: Informal Heritage Language Lessons in Parent-Child Interactions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kheirkhah, Mina; Cekaite, Asta

    2015-01-01

    The present study explores language socialization patterns in a Persian-Kurdish family in Sweden and examines how "one-parent, one-language" family language policies are instantiated and negotiated in parent-child interactions. The data consist of video-recordings and ethnographic observations of family interactions, as well as…

  15. Resource Information Cache Update Control for Scalable Access Control Management Systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kumiko Tadano; Masahiro Kawato; Fumio Machida; Yoshiharu Maeno

    2010-01-01

    In private clouds that host many enterprise applications, scalable security management has become an important issue. In our previous work, we had developed integrated access control manager that manages access permissions to a large number of various resources using resource information provided by a resource information service. To improve performance of the resource information service, we introduced a resource information

  16. Open Access to Information Highways: Chances and Dangers for Developing Countries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kulikowski, Juliusz

    1997-01-01

    Discusses the commonly accepted human right to information, access to information in highly computerized societies, and protection of the interests of users of information. Considers the potential for morally doubtful or illegal activities that is created by easy access to computer networks and information services. Technical,…

  17. How and why do people with depression access and utilize online drug information: A qualitative study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marika Pohjanoksa-Mäntylä; Johanna K. Saari; Ulla Närhi; Anna Karjalainen; Kari Pylkkänen; Marja S. Airaksinen; J. Simon Bell

    2009-01-01

    BackgroundPeople with depression commonly use the Internet to access antidepressant information, but the quality of this information is highly variable. The objective of this study was to assess how and why people use the Internet to access antidepressant information, and the self-reported impact of information obtained online.

  18. Trends in Analyzing Access to Information: Part II. Unique and Integrating Conceptualizations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCreadie, Maureen; Rice, Ronald E.

    1999-01-01

    Summarizes and extends the review of fundamental conceptualizations of access to information in six research literatures developed in Part I. Highlights include implications of conceptualizations of access to information; implications of influences and constraints on access, including physical, cognitive, affective, economic, social, and…

  19. Semantic Maps and Meta-data Enhancing e-Accessibility in Tourism Information Systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hildegard Rumetshofer; Wolfram Wöß

    2005-01-01

    Providing comprehensive accessibility is the major challenge for tourism service providers to address people with disabilities (and older people) as growing consumer groups. Information about accessibility of tourism objects (accommodation, sights, streets, parks, etc.) is equally important as barrier-free tourism information systems, providing access through different mediums, to support the booking and decision making process. Consequently, this paper introduces the

  20. A Logical Representation of Common Rules for Controlling Access to Classified Information

    E-print Network

    Andrews, Peter B.

    A Logical Representation of Common Rules for Controlling Access to Classified Information Deepak, policy, logic, classified information #12;Abstract Official policies for controlling access to classified in the complexity of policies for access to classified in- formation in the U.S., and the sophistication

  1. Language Preferences on Websites and in Google Searches for Human Health and Food Information

    PubMed Central

    Singh, Punam Mony; Wight, Carly A; Sercinoglu, Olcan; Wilson, David C; Boytsov, Artem

    2007-01-01

    Background While it is known that the majority of pages on the World Wide Web are in English, little is known about the preferred language of users searching for health information online. Objectives (1) To help global and domestic publishers, for example health and food agencies, to determine the need for translation of online information from English into local languages. (2) To help these agencies determine which language(s) they should select when publishing information online in target nations and for target subpopulations within nations. Methods To estimate the percentage of Web publishers that translate their health and food websites, we measured the frequency at which domain names retrieved by Google overlap for language translations of the same health-related search term. To quantify language choice of searchers from different countries, Google provided estimates of the rate at which its search engine was queried in six languages relative to English for the terms “avian flu,” “tuberculosis,” “schizophrenia,” and “maize” (corn) from January 2004 to April 2006. The estimate was based on a 20% sample of all Google queries from 227 nations. Results We estimate that 80%-90% of health- and food-related institutions do not translate their websites into multiple languages, even when the information concerns pandemic disease such as avian influenza. Although Internet users are often well-educated, there was a strong preference for searching for health and food information in the local language, rather than English. For “avian flu,” we found that only 1% of searches in non-English-speaking nations were in English, whereas for “tuberculosis” or “schizophrenia,” about 4%-40% of searches in non-English countries employed English. A subset of searches for health information presumably originating from immigrants occurred in their native tongue, not the language of the adopted country. However, Spanish-language online searches for “avian flu,” “schizophrenia,” and “maize/corn” in the United States occurred at only <1% of the English search rate, although the US online Hispanic population constitutes 12% of the total US online population. Sub-Saharan Africa and Bangladesh searches for health information occurred in unexpected languages, perhaps reflecting the presence of aid workers and the global migration of Internet users, respectively. In Latin America, indigenous-language search terms were often used rather than Spanish. Conclusions (1) Based on the strong preference for searching the Internet for health information in the local language, indigenous language, or immigrant language of origin, global and domestic health and food agencies should continue their efforts to translate their institutional websites into more languages. (2) We have provided linguistic online search pattern data to help health and food agencies better select languages for targeted website publishing. PMID:17613488

  2. The Grammar of Information: Challenges for Older Students with Language Impairments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scott, Cheryl M.; Balthazar, Catherine H.

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this article is to describe the nature of informational (expository) language in terms of unique grammatical characteristics and discuss applications for assessment and intervention for older school-aged children and adolescents with language impairments. Methods: Information presented is based on a selected literature…

  3. Cross-Language Question Answering at the USC Information Sciences Institute

    E-print Network

    Marcu, Daniel

    Cross-Language Question Answering at the USC Information Sciences Institute Abdessamad Echihabi, Douglas W. Oard , Daniel Marcu, and Ulf Hermjakob University of Southern California Information Sciences@umd.edu Abstract. The TextMap-TMT cross-language question answering sys- tem at USC-ISI was designed to answer

  4. On Arabic-English Cross-Language Information Retrieval: A Machine Translation Approach

    E-print Network

    On Arabic-English Cross-Language Information Retrieval: A Machine Translation Approach Mohammed of an MT-based approach for query translation in an Arabic-English Cross-Language Information Retrieval in an Arabic-English CLIR system using the TREC-7 and TREC-9 topics and collections. The effect of query length

  5. 76 FR 77224 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Primus Solutions, Inc.

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-12

    ...FRL-9329-3] Access to Confidential Business Information by Primus Solutions, Inc. AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA...SUMMARY: EPA has authorized its contractor, Primus Solutions, Inc. (Primus) of Greenbelt, MD, to access...

  6. 78 FR 20101 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Chemical Abstract Services

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-03

    ...FRL-9382-4] Access to Confidential Business Information by Chemical Abstract Services AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA...SUMMARY: EPA expects to authorize its contractor, Chemical Abstract Services (CAS) of Columbus, Ohio, to access...

  7. Federal Information Policy and Access to Web-based Federal Information.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Bruce; Fraser, Bruce T.; McClure, Charles R.

    2000-01-01

    Considers selected policy instruments related to federal agencies' deployment of information in a Web environment in terms of five key policy areas: access, security, privacy, intellectual property, and records management. Suggests that there are a significant number of policy instruments affecting federal Web site development. Identifies the need…

  8. 12 CFR 4.37 - Persons and entities with access to OCC information; prohibition on dissemination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...Persons and entities with access to OCC information; prohibition on dissemination. 4...FUNCTIONS, AVAILABILITY AND RELEASE OF INFORMATION, CONTRACTING OUTREACH PROGRAM, POST-EMPLOYMENT...EXAMINERS Release of Non-Public OCC Information § 4.37 Persons and entities...

  9. 5 CFR 1204.14 - Requests for access to confidential commercial information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...for access to confidential commercial information. 1204.14 Section 1204.14...PROCEDURES AVAILABILITY OF OFFICIAL INFORMATION Procedures for Obtaining Records Under the Freedom of Information Act § 1204.14 Requests...

  10. 5 CFR 1204.14 - Requests for access to confidential commercial information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...for access to confidential commercial information. 1204.14 Section 1204.14...PROCEDURES AVAILABILITY OF OFFICIAL INFORMATION Procedures for Obtaining Records Under the Freedom of Information Act § 1204.14 Requests...

  11. Access to written information for people with aphasia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Linda Worrall; Tanya Rose; Tami Howe; Alison Brennan; Jennifer Egan; Dorothea Oxenham; Kryss McKenna

    2005-01-01

    Background : Accessibility is often constructed in terms of physical accessibility. There has been little research into how the environment can accommodate the communicative limitations of people with aphasia. Communication accessibility for people with aphasia is conceptualised in this paper within the World Health Organisation's International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). The focus of accessibility is considered in

  12. PUG-SOAP and PUG-REST: web services for programmatic access to chemical information in PubChem.

    PubMed

    Kim, Sunghwan; Thiessen, Paul A; Bolton, Evan E; Bryant, Stephen H

    2015-07-01

    PubChem (http://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov) is a public repository for information on chemical substances and their biological activities, developed and maintained by the US National Institutes of Health (NIH). PubChem contains more than 180 million depositor-provided chemical substance descriptions, 60 million unique chemical structures and 225 million bioactivity assay results, covering more than 9000 unique protein target sequences. As an information resource for the chemical biology research community, it routinely receives more than 1 million requests per day from an estimated more than 1 million unique users per month. Programmatic access to this vast amount of data is provided by several different systems, including the US National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI)'s Entrez Utilities (E-Utilities or E-Utils) and the PubChem Power User Gateway (PUG)-a common gateway interface (CGI) that exchanges data through eXtended Markup Language (XML). Further simplifying programmatic access, PubChem provides two additional general purpose web services: PUG-SOAP, which uses the simple object access protocol (SOAP) and PUG-REST, which is a Representational State Transfer (REST)-style interface. These interfaces can be harnessed in combination to access the data contained in PubChem, which is integrated with the more than thirty databases available within the NCBI Entrez system. PMID:25934803

  13. PUG-SOAP and PUG-REST: web services for programmatic access to chemical information in PubChem

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Sunghwan; Thiessen, Paul A.; Bolton, Evan E.; Bryant, Stephen H.

    2015-01-01

    PubChem (http://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov) is a public repository for information on chemical substances and their biological activities, developed and maintained by the US National Institutes of Health (NIH). PubChem contains more than 180 million depositor-provided chemical substance descriptions, 60 million unique chemical structures and 225 million bioactivity assay results, covering more than 9000 unique protein target sequences. As an information resource for the chemical biology research community, it routinely receives more than 1 million requests per day from an estimated more than 1 million unique users per month. Programmatic access to this vast amount of data is provided by several different systems, including the US National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI)'s Entrez Utilities (E-Utilities or E-Utils) and the PubChem Power User Gateway (PUG)—a common gateway interface (CGI) that exchanges data through eXtended Markup Language (XML). Further simplifying programmatic access, PubChem provides two additional general purpose web services: PUG-SOAP, which uses the simple object access protocol (SOAP) and PUG-REST, which is a Representational State Transfer (REST)-style interface. These interfaces can be harnessed in combination to access the data contained in PubChem, which is integrated with the more than thirty databases available within the NCBI Entrez system. PMID:25934803

  14. A Model for a New Approach to Federal Government Information Access and Dissemination.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turock, Betty J.; Henderson, Carol C.

    1996-01-01

    In July 1995, the Forum on Government Information Policy, representatives of several library associations, developed the "Model for New Universe of Federal Information Access and Dissemination." The model proposes to: (1) reconceptualize federal information access and dissemination responsibilities; and (2) reinvent the Federal Depository Library…

  15. An accessibility assessment of selected Web-based health information resources

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sarah K. McCord; Linda Frederiksen; Nicole Campbell

    2002-01-01

    The Internet has created new opportunities to make quality health information more widely available to both researchers and the general public. However, not all that information has been presented in a format accessible to people with disabilities. This accessibility assessment of eight selected Web-based health information resources (PubMed, OVID MEDLINE, MEDLINEplus, CANCERLIT, the Hazardous Substance Data Bank, TOXLINE, and two

  16. Synchronization of Transactions to Prevent Illegal Information Flow in a Role-Based Access Control Model

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tomoya Enokido; Makoto Takizawa

    2008-01-01

    The role-based access control (RBAC) model is widely used to make information systems secure. Even if every access request is authorized in the roles, illegal information flow might occur as the well known confinement problem. In this paper, we discuss how to prevent illegal information flow to occur by synchronizing conflicting transactions in the RBAC model. We first define types

  17. Mobile information access: A study of emerging search behavior on the mobile Internet

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Karen Church; Barry Smyth; Paul Cotter; Keith Bradley

    2007-01-01

    It is likely that mobile phones will soon come to rival more traditional devices as the primary platform for information access. Consequently, it is important to understand the emerging information access behavior of mobile Internet (MI) users especially in relation to their use of mobile handsets for information browsing and query-based search. In this article, we describe the results of

  18. Improving access to clinical practice guidelines with an interactive graphical interface using an iconic language

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Clinical practice guidelines are useful for physicians, and guidelines are available on the Internet from various websites such as Vidal Recos. However, these guidelines are long and difficult to read, especially during consultation. Similar difficulties have been encountered with drug summaries of product characteristics. In a previous work, we have proposed an iconic language (called VCM, for Visualization of Concepts in Medicine) for representing patient conditions, treatments and laboratory tests, and we have used these icons to design a user interface that graphically indexes summaries of product characteristics. In the current study, our objective was to design and evaluate an iconic user interface for the consultation of clinical practice guidelines by physicians. Methods Focus groups of physicians were set up to identify the difficulties encountered when reading guidelines. Icons were integrated into Vidal Recos, taking human factors into account. The resulting interface includes a graphical summary and an iconic indexation of the guideline. The new interface was evaluated. We compared the response times and the number of errors recorded when physicians answered questions about two clinical scenarios using the interactive iconic interface or a textual interface. Users’ perceived usability was evaluated with the System Usability Scale. Results The main difficulties encountered by physicians when reading guidelines were obtaining an overview and finding recommendations for patients corresponding to “particular cases”. We designed a graphical interface for guideline consultation, using icons to identify particular cases and providing a graphical summary of the icons organized by anatomy and etiology. The evaluation showed that physicians gave clinical responses more rapidly with the iconic interface than the textual interface (25.2 seconds versus 45.6, p < 0.05). The physicians appreciated the new interface, and the System Usability Scale score value was 75 (between good and excellent). Conclusion An interactive iconic interface can provide physicians with an overview of clinical practice guidelines, and can decrease the time required to access the content of such guidelines. PMID:25158762

  19. ACM Transactions on Asian Language Information Processing, Vol. 9, No. 3, Article 8. The State of the Journal

    E-print Network

    Ng, Hwee Tou

    ACM Transactions on Asian Language Information Processing, Vol. 9, No. 3, Article 8. The State I took over as the editor-in-chief of ACM Transactions on Asian Language Information Processing only articles related to Asian language information processing. The number of submissions has grown

  20. 29 CFR 37.35 - What are a recipient's responsibilities to provide services and information in languages other...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...and information in languages other than English? 37.35 Section 37.35 Labor...and information in languages other than English? (a) A significant number or...or information in a language other than English in order to be effectively...

  1. Language-identification based on cross-language acoustic models and optimised information combination

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ove Andersen; Paul Dalsgaard

    1997-01-01

    decoding, the second transforms the parameters from This work is concerned with the subject of language- the decoding module and classifies the language. identification (LID). Two central issues are addressed. The common acoustic signal preprocessor calculates The first is to analyse the trade-off between detailed 12 RASTA filtered MFCC's, their first derivatives and acoustic modelling and robust estimation of acoustic

  2. Impact of language anxiety and self-efficacy on accessing Internet sites.

    PubMed

    Yang, Hui-Jen; Lay, Yun-Long; Tsao, Wen-Yu; Liou, Yi-Chin; Lin, Cheng-Kun

    2007-04-01

    Language interface plays a critical role as the foundation of communication. Possessing greater fluency in the host language can lead to increased opportunities for interaction with host members. This research is to examine the impact of language and Internet usage anxiety and self-efficacy on the intended uses of Internet sites, respectively. By the same token, whether Internet/language self-efficacy would mediate the effects of Internet/language anxiety on the intention of the Internet site use is also examined. A valid sample of 368 undergraduates was tested in this study. The path analysis results mostly supported the model tested. The results display that the anxiety of language and Internet use have significantly influenced self-efficacy of Internet use and language, respectively. Anxiety about language and Internet use have also significantly influenced the intention to use Internet sites individually. Furthermore, language self-efficacy has significantly influenced the intention to use Internet sites, but Internet self-efficacy has not. The implications are discussed at the end of the paper. PMID:17474840

  3. Wiring the World: Access to Information Technology and Development in Poor Countries

    Microsoft Academic Search

    York W. Bradshaw; Kathleen M. Fallon; Jocelyn Viterna

    2005-01-01

    Scholars and policy makers continue to debate whether information technology (IT) facilitates economic growth and quality of life throughout the world. “Cyber optimists” argue that access to IT promotes development whereas “cyber pessimists” assert that such access simply exacerbates global inequality. Our quantitative analysis generally supports the former perspective, showing that access to IT increases economic expansion and decreases child

  4. Natural Language Query System Design for Interactive Information Storage and Retrieval Systems. M.S. Thesis

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dominick, Wayne D. (editor); Liu, I-Hsiung

    1985-01-01

    The currently developed multi-level language interfaces of information systems are generally designed for experienced users. These interfaces commonly ignore the nature and needs of the largest user group, i.e., casual users. This research identifies the importance of natural language query system research within information storage and retrieval system development; addresses the topics of developing such a query system; and finally, proposes a framework for the development of natural language query systems in order to facilitate the communication between casual users and information storage and retrieval systems.

  5. Tablets for Informal Language Learning: Student Usage and Attitudes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Xiao-Bin

    2013-01-01

    Mobile-assisted language learning (MALL), a relatively new area of CALL inquiry, is gaining more and more attention from language educators with the development of new mobile devices. Tablet computers--featuring high mobility, convenient network connectivity, and smart application extendibility--are part of a wave of the latest mobile inventions;…

  6. The Grammar of Information: Challenges for Older Students With Language Impairments

    PubMed Central

    Scott, Cheryl M.; Balthazar, Catherine H.

    2011-01-01

    Purpose The purpose of this article is to describe the nature of informational (expository) language in terms of unique grammatical characteristics and discuss applications for assessment and intervention for older school-age children and adolescents with language impairments. Methods Information presented is based on a selected literature review of topics including the nature of academic texts, expository text processing of older children and adolescents with language impairments and/or learning disabilities, and language intervention studies that target higher level language in the same populations. Results We summarize key grammatical strategies found in informational text: (1) complex nominal (noun phrase) groups, (2) clausal subordination, and (3) theme and information mechanisms. Although facility with these structures is not routinely or systematically tested by language clinicians, we highlight assessment procedures useful this purpose. Promising intervention evidence suggests that grammatical features characteristic of informational text can be targeted with positive results for students who struggle with this aspect of higher level language. Conclusions Success comprehending and producing informational text requires unique grammatical knowledge. A qualitative literature review is used to derive best practices in assessment and intervention with school-age children who are particularly challenged by these types of texts. PMID:23596344

  7. Integrating NLP Tools to Support Information Access to News Horacio Saggion

    E-print Network

    Gaizauskas, Rob

    advances in areas of natural language processing such as ques- tion answering and text summarization.foster@shef.ac.uk Abstract We describe Cubreporter, a project which inves- tigates the use of advanced natural language pro of more sophisticated natural lan- guage processing tools versus traditional information retrieval tools

  8. Cross-language similarities and differences in the uptake of place information.

    PubMed

    Wagner, Anita

    2013-06-01

    Cross-language differences in the use of coarticulatory cues for the identification of fricatives have been demonstrated in a phoneme detection task: Listeners with perceptually similar fricative pairs in their native phoneme inventories (English, Polish, Spanish) relied more on cues from vowels than listeners with perceptually more distinct fricative contrasts (Dutch and German). The present gating study further investigated these cross-language differences and addressed three questions. (1) Are there cross-language differences in informativeness of parts of the speech signal regarding place of articulation for fricative identification? (2) Are such cross-language differences fricative-specific, or do they extend to the perception of place of articulation for plosives? (3) Is such language-specific uptake of information based on cues preceding or following the consonantal constriction? Dutch, Italian, Polish, and Spanish listeners identified fricatives and plosives in gated CV and VC syllables. The results showed cross-language differences in the informativeness of coarticulatory cues for fricative identification: Spanish and Polish listeners extracted place of articulation information from shorter portions of VC syllables. No language-specific differences were found for plosives, suggesting that greater reliance on coarticulatory cues did not generalize to other phoneme types. The language-specific differences for fricatives were based on coarticulatory cues into the consonant. PMID:23742376

  9. The Effects of High Quality Translations of Named Entities in Cross-Language Information Exploration

    E-print Network

    Named entities (NEs) are the expressions in human languages that explicitly link notations in languages most user requests have been found to have NEs, and majority of out-of-vocabulary terms are NEs, we examine the effect of high quality translations of NEs in event driven information exploration

  10. A General Game Description Language for Incomplete Information Games Michael Thielscher

    E-print Network

    Thielscher, Michael

    A General Game Description Language for Incomplete Information Games Michael Thielscher School A General Game Player is a system that can play previously unknown games given nothing but their rules. The Game Description Language (GDL) has been developed as a high- level knowledge representation formalism

  11. Communication as a Cross-Cutting Issue in Project Design--Language and Information Components.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Webber, Richard; Roman, Stephan

    The role of language and intercultural communication in technical assistance projects in developing nations is discussed. An introductory section offers background on the emergence of the communication issue in technical aid projects. Two subsequent sections look separately at the issues of meeting information needs and of meeting language needs.…

  12. The Timing of Foreign Language Instruction and Related Issues. Information Capsule. Volume 0610

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blazer, Christie

    2007-01-01

    In an effort to support the development of higher levels of foreign language proficiency among our nation's students, researchers have examined the effectiveness of foreign language programs based on the amount of time students receive instruction, the age at which instruction begins, and the course schedule utilized. This Information Capsule…

  13. Flexible Object Layouts Enabling Lightweight Language Extensions by Intercepting Slot Access

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    idioms, design patterns and application li- braries often introduce cumbersome and repetitive boiler to extend the structural reflec- tive model of the language with object layouts, layout scopes and slots. Based on the new reflective language model we can 1) provide behavioral hooks to object layouts

  14. Effects of Iconicity and Semantic Relatedness on Lexical Access in American Sign Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bosworth, Rain G.; Emmorey, Karen

    2010-01-01

    Iconicity is a property that pervades the lexicon of many sign languages, including American Sign Language (ASL). Iconic signs exhibit a motivated, nonarbitrary mapping between the form of the sign and its meaning. We investigated whether iconicity enhances semantic priming effects for ASL and whether iconic signs are recognized more quickly than…

  15. 31 CFR 2.2 - Access to classified information by historical researchers, former Treasury Presidential and Vice...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 false Access to classified information by historical researchers, former Treasury...Secretary of the Treasury NATIONAL SECURITY INFORMATION § 2.2 Access to classified information by historical researchers, former...

  16. 10 CFR 2.905 - Access to restricted data and national security information for parties; security clearances.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 false Access to restricted data and national security information for...Adjudicatory Proceedings Involving Restricted Data and/or National Security Information § 2.905 Access to restricted data and national security information...

  17. 10 CFR 2.905 - Access to restricted data and national security information for parties; security clearances.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 false Access to restricted data and national security information for...Adjudicatory Proceedings Involving Restricted Data and/or National Security Information § 2.905 Access to restricted data and national security information...

  18. 10 CFR 2.905 - Access to restricted data and national security information for parties; security clearances.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 false Access to restricted data and national security information for...Adjudicatory Proceedings Involving Restricted Data and/or National Security Information § 2.905 Access to restricted data and national security information...

  19. Lexical access in children with hearing loss or language impairments, using the cross-modal picture-word interference paradigm

    PubMed Central

    de Hoog, Brigitte E.; Langereis, Margreet C.; van Weerdenburg, Marjolijn; Knoors, Harry E.T.; Verhoeven, Ludo

    2015-01-01

    In this study we compared the lexical access skills of 25 deaf children with cochlear implants, 13 hard-of-hearing children and 20 children with specific language impairments (SLI). Twenty-one age-matched typically developing children served as controls. The two groups of children with hearing loss in the present study had good speech perception abilities. We used a cross-modal picture-word interference paradigm to examine the lexical access skills. Results showed that children with SLI revealed overall slower reaction times and produced more errors than the implanted children, the hard-of-hearing children, and the control children. Both groups of children with hearing loss did not reveal slower reaction times than the control children. Semantic and phonological representations in long-term memory were affected more by inadequacies in linguistic processing than by a deficit in auditory perception, suggesting that a measure of lexical access could be a suitable clinical marker for SLI identification. We recommend to differentiate between the clinical groups of children regarding the focus of their language training. PMID:25460222

  20. Directory Information Restriction Use this form to manage public access to your data at Boston University

    E-print Network

    Guenther, Frank

    Directory Information Restriction Use this form to manage public access to your data at Boston identifiable information as "Directory Information." A list of this information is below. Unless restricted, Boston University may disclose any of the items of Directory Information without your consent. Boston

  1. 76 FR 40454 - Proposed Information Collection (VSO Access to VHA Electronic Health Records) Activity; Comment...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-08

    ...establish computer accounts for Veteran Service Officers (VSO) to access VA's Veterans Health Information Systems Technology Architecture (VistA). DATES: Written comments and recommendations on the proposed collection of information should be received...

  2. Web-Based Consumer Health Information: Public Access, Digital Division, and Remainders

    PubMed Central

    Lorence, Daniel; Park, Heeyoung

    2006-01-01

    Public access Internet portals and decreasing costs of personal computers have created a growing consensus that unequal access to information, or a “digital divide,” has largely disappeared for US consumers. A series of technology initiatives in the late 1990s were believed to have largely eliminated the divide. For healthcare patients, access to information is an essential part of the consumer-centric framework outlined in the recently proposed national health information initiative. Data from a recent study of health information-seeking behaviors on the Internet suggest that a “digitally underserved group” persists, effectively limiting the planned national health information infrastructure to wealthier Americans. PMID:16926743

  3. Improving Access to Longitudinal Patient Health Information within an Emergency Department

    PubMed Central

    Wilcox, A.B.; Shen, S.; Dorr, D.A.; Hripcsak, G.; Heermann, L; Narus, S.P.

    2012-01-01

    We designed and implemented an electronic patient tracking system with improved user authentication and patient selection. We then measured access to clinical information from previous clinical encounters before and after implementation of the system. Clinicians accessed longitudinal information for 16% of patient encounters before, and 40% of patient encounters after the intervention, indicating such a system can improve clinician access to information. We also attempted to evaluate the impact of providing this access on inpatient admissions from the emergency department, by comparing the odds of inpatient admission from an emergency department before and after the improved access was made available. Patients were 24% less likely to be admitted after the implementation of improved access. However, there were many potential confounders, based on the inherent pre-post design of the evaluation. Our experience has strong implications for current health information exchange initiatives. PMID:23646076

  4. ScienceCentral: open access full-text archive of scientific journals based on Journal Article Tag Suite regardless of their languages.

    PubMed

    Huh, Sun

    2013-01-01

    ScienceCentral, a free or open access, full-text archive of scientific journal literature at the Korean Federation of Science and Technology Societies, was under test in September 2013. Since it is a Journal Article Tag Suite-based full text database, extensible markup language files of all languages can be presented, according to Unicode Transformation Format 8-bit encoding. It is comparable to PubMed Central: however, there are two distinct differences. First, its scope comprises all science fields; second, it accepts all language journals. Launching ScienceCentral is the first step for free access or open access academic scientific journals of all languages to leap to the world, including scientific journals from Croatia. PMID:24266292

  5. Decision and stress: cognition and e-accessibility in the information workplace

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ray Adams

    2007-01-01

    Cognitive abilities and disabilities are increasingly important in today’s information-based workplace, particularly in relation\\u000a to the accessibility of advanced information society technologies. As this paper discusses, new technologies can create problems\\u000a for human decision making, stress levels, general cognition and e-accessibility. Yet it is not easy to identify possible new\\u000a e-accessibility solutions to these problems. This is where theories of

  6. CA557: Information Access 2008 Alan Smeaton and DCU, 2001-2008 Page 1 COURSE NOTES

    E-print Network

    Smeaton, Alan F.

    : Information Access for 2007/2008. These notes, available on the web in PDF format, contain the basis ­ what are the pitfalls and the potential. 4. Information Access now (content retrieval of text), types... and after all that, a discussion of how to evaluate retrieval systems. 5. Content retrieval of non

  7. TERRITORIAL INFORMATION, SHAPEFILES AND INDICATORS ACCESSIBLES FOR ACTORS UNTIL COMMUNE AND INFRA COMMUNAL LEVELS (SYNTHESIS)

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    TERRITORIAL INFORMATION, SHAPEFILES AND INDICATORS ACCESSIBLES FOR ACTORS UNTIL COMMUNE AND INFRA)" DOI : 10.1000 #12;Territorial information, shapefiles and indicators accessible for actors until and indicators for each country; how to obtain the shapefiles to allow a cartographic representation of the data

  8. Providing Internet Access to the Ohio Career Information System for All Residents: A Feasibility Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis, Morgan V.

    Expanded Internet access to the Ohio Career Information System (OCIS) would provide adults in Ohio who need to or wish to make career changes with the best available information about occupations, education and training programs, and financial aid. In order to determine the feasibility of improving access without cost to users, an advisory group,…

  9. A legal information flow (LIF) scheduler based on role-based access control model

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tomoya Enokido; Valbona Barolli; Makoto Takizawa

    2009-01-01

    Information systems have to be consistent and secure in presence of multiple conflicting transactions. The role-based access control (RBAC) model is widely used to keep information systems consistent and secure. A role shows a job function in an enterprise and is a set of access rights (permissions). Here, a subject s is allowed to issue a method op to an

  10. Efficient Information Access for Location-Based Services in Mobile Environments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Chi Keung

    2009-01-01

    The demand for pervasive access of location-related information (e.g., local traffic, restaurant locations, navigation maps, weather conditions, pollution index, etc.) fosters a tremendous application base of "Location Based Services (LBSs)". Without loss of generality, we model location-related information as "spatial objects" and the accesses

  11. Rights of Access in the Information Society: Europe's Quandary Over the Exploitation of Public Sector Data.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Worlock, David R.

    This paper reviews 10 years of debate in Europe on commercial rights of access to government information, starting with the United Kingdom's innovative Government Tradable Information Guidelines of 1996 and ending with the European Commission's Draft Green Paper on Rights of Access in 1996. United States market development and commercial rights of…

  12. Cyberspatial cognition and individual access to information: the behavioral foundation of cybergeography

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mei-Po Kwan

    2001-01-01

    In this paper I will examine individual access to information on the Internet through a cognitive - behavioral perspective. I argue that the objective structure of information resources in cyberspace is not helpful for understanding the experience of individual accessibility in cyberspace. Instead, cyberspatial cognition is crucial in constituting the effective cyber-environment and shaping human cyberspatial behavior. I propose a

  13. Obstacles to the Access, Use and Transfer of Information from Archives: A RAMP Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duchein, Michel

    This publication reviews means of access to information contained in the public archives (current administrative documents and archival records) and private archives (manuscripts of personal or family origin) of many countries and makes recommendations for improving access to archival information. Sections describe: (1) the origin and development…

  14. Current Challenge in Consumer Health Informatics: Bridging the Gap between Access to Information and Information Understanding.

    PubMed

    Alpay, Laurence; Verhoef, John; Xie, Bo; Te'eni, Dov; Zwetsloot-Schonk, J H M

    2009-01-01

    The number of health-related websites has proliferated over the past few years. Health information consumers confront a myriad of health related resources on the internet that have varying levels of quality and are not always easy to comprehend. There is thus a need to help health information consumers to bridge the gap between access to information and information understanding-i.e. to help consumers understand health related web-based resources so that they can act upon it. At the same time health information consumers are becoming not only more involved in their own health care but also more information technology minded. One way to address this issue is to provide consumers with tailored information that is contextualized and personalized e.g. directly relevant and easily comprehensible to the person's own health situation. This paper presents a current trend in Consumer Health Informatics which focuses on theory-based design and development of contextualized and personalized tools to allow the evolving consumer with varying backgrounds and interests to use online health information efficiently. The proposed approach uses a theoretical framework of communication in order to support the consumer's capacity to understand health-related web-based resources. PMID:20419038

  15. XIRQL: a query language for information retrieval in XML documents

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Norbert Fuhr; Kai Großjohann

    2001-01-01

    Based on the document-centric view of XML, we present the query language XIRQL. Current proposals for XML query languages lack most IR-related features, which are weighting and ranking, relevance-oriented search, datatypes with vague predicates, and semantic relativism. XIRQL integrates these features by using ideas from logic-based probabilistic IR models, in combination with concepts from the database area. For processing XIRQL

  16. Language Processing in Children with Cochlear Implants: A Preliminary Report on Lexical Access for Production and Comprehension

    PubMed Central

    Schwartz, Richard G.; Steinman, Susan; Ying, Elizabeth; Mystal, Elana Ying; Houston, Derek M.

    2013-01-01

    In this plenary paper we present a review of language research in children with cochlear implants along with at outline of a five-year project designed to examine lexical access for production and recognition. The project will use auditory priming, picture naming with auditory or visual interfering stimuli (Picture-Word Interference and Picture-Picture Interference, respectively) and eye tracking paradigms to examine the role of semantic and various phonological factors. Preliminary data are presented from auditory priming, the picture-word interference, and picture-picture interference tasks. The emergence of group difference is briefly discussed. PMID:23489339

  17. Support for Interactive Document Selection in Cross-Language Information Retrieval

    E-print Network

    Oard, Doug

    of the selection interface. A categorization-based model for the user's selection process is presented: information retrieval, library science, and machine translation. Query-based information retrieval systemsSupport for Interactive Document Selection in Cross-Language Information Retrieval Douglas W. Oard

  18. Investigating actability dimensions: a language\\/action perspective on criteria for information systems evaluation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pär J. Ågerfalk

    2004-01-01

    From a language\\/action perspective (LAP), information systems are conceived as tools for social action and communication. To date, LAP-based approaches have tended towards the abstract, focusing primarily on business modelling and different business interaction patterns. In this paper, nine dimensions of information systems from a LAP point of view are developed. The dimensions are founded on the notion that information

  19. Activity-based Access Control Model to Hospital Information

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Le Xuan Hung; Sungyoung Lee; Young-koo Lee; Heejo Lee

    2007-01-01

    Hospital work is characterized by the need to manage multiple activities simultaneously, constant local mobility, frequently interruptions, and intense collaboration and communication. Hospital employees must handle a large amount of data that is often tied to specific work activities. This calls for a proper access control model. In this paper, we propose a novel approach, Activity-based access Control Model (ACM).

  20. Information-enabled tourism destination marketing: addressing the accessibility market

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dimitrios Buhalis; Eleni Michopoulou

    2011-01-01

    This paper demonstrates that the accessibility market is not homogenous, but it entails different sub-segments with distinct needs and requirements. Ultimately each person is unique in his\\/her abilities and preferences and this is more evident in this market. Secondary research revealed the size of the accessibility market in Europe to be 127 million people. Extensive qualitative research through 16 focus

  1. Internationalisation of information services for publishers' open access policies: the DINI multilingual integration layer

    PubMed Central

    Scholze, Frank

    2008-01-01

    It is essential for the strategy of open access self-archiving that scientific authors are given comprehensive information on publisher copyright policies. DINI, the German Initiative for Networked Information, has developed a German (and potentially multilingual) interface to the English SHERPA/RoMEO service to provide additional information on German publishers' open access policies. As a next step, this interface was enhanced to an integration layer combining different sources on publisher copyright policies. This integration layer can be used in many different contexts. Together with the SHERPA/RoMEO team, DINI aims to build an international support structure for open access information. PMID:18662383

  2. Internationalisation of information services for publishers' open access policies: the DINI multilingual integration layer.

    PubMed

    Scholze, Frank

    2008-01-01

    It is essential for the strategy of open access self-archiving that scientific authors are given comprehensive information on publisher copyright policies. DINI, the German Initiative for Networked Information, has developed a German (and potentially multilingual) interface to the English SHERPA/RoMEO service to provide additional information on German publishers' open access policies. As a next step, this interface was enhanced to an integration layer combining different sources on publisher copyright policies. This integration layer can be used in many different contexts. Together with the SHERPA/RoMEO team, DINI aims to build an international support structure for open access information. PMID:18662383

  3. Federated access to heterogeneous information resources in the Neuroscience Information Framework (NIF).

    PubMed

    Gupta, Amarnath; Bug, William; Marenco, Luis; Qian, Xufei; Condit, Christopher; Rangarajan, Arun; Müller, Hans Michael; Miller, Perry L; Sanders, Brian; Grethe, Jeffrey S; Astakhov, Vadim; Shepherd, Gordon; Sternberg, Paul W; Martone, Maryann E

    2008-09-01

    The overarching goal of the NIF (Neuroscience Information Framework) project is to be a one-stop-shop for Neuroscience. This paper provides a technical overview of how the system is designed. The technical goal of the first version of the NIF system was to develop an information system that a neuroscientist can use to locate relevant information from a wide variety of information sources by simple keyword queries. Although the user would provide only keywords to retrieve information, the NIF system is designed to treat them as concepts whose meanings are interpreted by the system. Thus, a search for term should find a record containing synonyms of the term. The system is targeted to find information from web pages, publications, databases, web sites built upon databases, XML documents and any other modality in which such information may be published. We have designed a system to achieve this functionality. A central element in the system is an ontology called NIFSTD (for NIF Standard) constructed by amalgamating a number of known and newly developed ontologies. NIFSTD is used by our ontology management module, called OntoQuest to perform ontology-based search over data sources. The NIF architecture currently provides three different mechanisms for searching heterogeneous data sources including relational databases, web sites, XML documents and full text of publications. Version 1.0 of the NIF system is currently in beta test and may be accessed through http://nif.nih.gov. PMID:18958629

  4. Federated Access to Heterogeneous Information Resources in the Neuroscience Information Framework (NIF)

    PubMed Central

    Gupta, Amarnath; Bug, William; Marenco, Luis; Qian, Xufei; Condit, Christopher; Rangarajan, Arun; Müller, Hans Michael; Miller, Perry L.; Sanders, Brian; Grethe, Jeffrey S.; Astakhov, Vadim; Shepherd, Gordon; Sternberg, Paul W.; Martone, Maryann E.

    2009-01-01

    The overarching goal of the NIF (Neuroscience Information Framework) project is to be a one-stop-shop for Neuroscience. This paper provides a technical overview of how the system is designed. The technical goal of the first version of the NIF system was to develop an information system that a neuroscientist can use to locate relevant information from a wide variety of information sources by simple keyword queries. Although the user would provide only keywords to retrieve information, the NIF system is designed to treat them as concepts whose meanings are interpreted by the system. Thus, a search for term should find a record containing synonyms of the term. The system is targeted to find information from web pages, publications, databases, web sites built upon databases, XML documents and any other modality in which such information may be published. We have designed a system to achieve this functionality. A central element in the system is an ontology called NIFSTD (for NIF Standard) constructed by amalgamating a number of known and newly developed ontologies. NIFSTD is used by our ontology management module, called OntoQuest to perform ontology-based search over data sources. The NIF architecture currently provides three different mechanisms for searching heterogeneous data sources including relational databases, web sites, XML documents and full text of publications. Version 1.0 of the NIF system is currently in beta test and may be accessed through http://nif.nih.gov. PMID:18958629

  5. Semantic annotation for concept-based cross-language medical information retrieval.

    PubMed

    Volk, Martin; Ripplinger, Bärbel; Vintar, Spela; Buitelaar, Paul; Raileanu, Diana; Sacaleanu, Bogdan

    2002-12-01

    We present a framework for concept-based cross-language information retrieval in the medical domain, which is under development in the MUCHMORE project. Our approach is based on using the Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) as the primary source of semantic data. Documents and queries are annotated with multiple layers of linguistic information. Linguistic processing includes part-of-speech tagging, morphological analysis, phrase recognition and the identification of medical terms and semantic relations between them. The paper describes experiments in monolingual and cross-language document retrieval, performed on a corpus of medical abstracts. Results show that linguistic processing, especially lemmatization and compound analysis for German, is a crucial step in achieving a good baseline performance. On the other hand, they show that semantic information, specifically the combined use of concepts and relations, increases the performance in monolingual and cross-language retrieval. PMID:12460635

  6. Overcoming Terminology Barrier Using Web Resources for Cross-Language Medical Information Retrieval

    PubMed Central

    Lu, Wen-Hsiang; Lin, Ray Shih-Jui; Chan, Yi-Che; Chen, Kuan-Hsi

    2006-01-01

    A number of authoritative medical websites, such as PubMed and MedlinePlus, provide consumers with the most up-to-date health information. However, non-English speakers often encounter not only language barriers (from other languages to English) but also terminology barriers (from laypersons’ terms to professional medical terms) when retrieving information from these websites. Our previous work addresses language barriers by developing a multilingual medical thesaurus, Chinese-English MeSH, while this study presents an approach to overcome terminology barriers based on Web resources. Two techniques were utilized in our approach: monolingual concept mapping using approximate string matching and crosslingual concept mapping using Web resources. The evaluation shows that our approach can significantly improve the performance on MeSH concept mapping and cross-language medical information retrieval. PMID:17238395

  7. Benefits of the `Massively Parallel Rosetta Stone': Cross-Language Information Retrieval with over 30 Languages

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peter Chew; Ahmed Abdelali

    2007-01-01

    In this paper, we describe our experiences in extending a standard cross-language in- formation retrieval (CLIR) approach which uses parallel aligned corpora and Latent Semantic Indexing. Most, if not all, previous work which follows this ap- proach has focused on bilingual retrieval; two examples involve the use of French- English or English-Greek parallel cor- pora. Our extension to the approach

  8. 45 CFR 1326.17 - Access to information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...Public Welfare (Continued) OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION ON AGING... GRANTS TO INDIAN TRIBES FOR SUPPORT AND NUTRITION SERVICES § 1326.17 Access to...

  9. 45 CFR 1326.17 - Access to information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...Public Welfare (Continued) OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION ON AGING... GRANTS TO INDIAN TRIBES FOR SUPPORT AND NUTRITION SERVICES § 1326.17 Access to...

  10. 45 CFR 1326.17 - Access to information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...Public Welfare (Continued) OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION ON AGING... GRANTS TO INDIAN TRIBES FOR SUPPORT AND NUTRITION SERVICES § 1326.17 Access to...

  11. 45 CFR 1326.17 - Access to information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...Public Welfare (Continued) OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION ON AGING... GRANTS TO INDIAN TRIBES FOR SUPPORT AND NUTRITION SERVICES § 1326.17 Access to...

  12. 45 CFR 1326.17 - Access to information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...Public Welfare (Continued) OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION ON AGING... GRANTS TO INDIAN TRIBES FOR SUPPORT AND NUTRITION SERVICES § 1326.17 Access to...

  13. Cultural Diversity and Information and Communication Impacts on Language Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Wen-Cheng; Lin, Chien-Hung; Chu, Ying-Chien

    2011-01-01

    Cultural diversity doesn't just entail differences in dress and language. It also encompasses different ways of thinking, managing, and communicating. The relationship between communication and culture is a very complex and intimate one. Cultures are created through communication; that is, communication is the means of human interaction through…

  14. Aids to English Language Teaching: Information Guide No. 4.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    British Council, London (England). English-Teaching Information Centre.

    This is an annotated guide to English language instructional materials useful for both native and non-native speakers of English at primary and secondary levels. Materials relate to and are available in Great Britain; prices and addresses of publishers and suppliers are included. The sections cover: (1) Visual aids specifically designed for…

  15. Interactions between Statistical and Semantic Information in Infant Language Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lany, Jill; Saffran, Jenny R.

    2011-01-01

    Infants can use statistical regularities to form rudimentary word categories (e.g. noun, verb), and to learn the meanings common to words from those categories. Using an artificial language methodology, we probed the mechanisms by which two types of statistical cues (distributional and phonological regularities) affect word learning. Because…

  16. Information provided by: National African Language Resource Center (NALRC)

    E-print Network

    . It is spoken as a native language on the East coast of Africa and the islands adjacent to the coast from is taught in academic institutions from Japan in the East to Mexico in the west. It can be used to fulfill on the Indian Ocean islands of Unguja and Pemba (which together make up Zanzibar), Lamu, the Comoro Islands

  17. 24 CFR 5.905 - What special authority is there to obtain access to sex offender registration information?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...special authority is there to obtain access to sex offender registration information? 5...special authority is there to obtain access to sex offender registration information? (a) PHA obligation to obtain sex offender registration...

  18. 24 CFR 5.905 - What special authority is there to obtain access to sex offender registration information?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...special authority is there to obtain access to sex offender registration information? 5...special authority is there to obtain access to sex offender registration information? (a) PHA obligation to obtain sex offender registration...

  19. 24 CFR 5.905 - What special authority is there to obtain access to sex offender registration information?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...special authority is there to obtain access to sex offender registration information? 5...special authority is there to obtain access to sex offender registration information? (a) PHA obligation to obtain sex offender registration...

  20. 24 CFR 5.905 - What special authority is there to obtain access to sex offender registration information?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...special authority is there to obtain access to sex offender registration information? 5...special authority is there to obtain access to sex offender registration information? (a) PHA obligation to obtain sex offender registration...

  1. 24 CFR 5.905 - What special authority is there to obtain access to sex offender registration information?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...special authority is there to obtain access to sex offender registration information? 5...special authority is there to obtain access to sex offender registration information? (a) PHA obligation to obtain sex offender registration...

  2. 77 FR 20647 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB; Public Access to HUD Records...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-05

    ...Information Collection to OMB; Public Access to HUD Records under the Freedom...The Department is soliciting public comments on the subject proposal...information: Title of Proposal: Public Access to HUD Records under the...

  3. Access to Information and Protection of Privacy -The information on this form is collected under the authority of the

    E-print Network

    deYoung, Brad

    Access to Information and Protection of Privacy - The information on this form is collected under to update your student record. If you have any questions about the collection and use of this information to maiden name: birth certificate and valid photo identification (passport or driver's licence). · Given

  4. Access to Information and Freedom of Information Requests: Neglected Means of Data Production in the Social Sciences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walby, Kevin; Larsen, Mike

    2012-01-01

    Access to information (ATI) and freedom of information (FOI) mechanisms are now relevant features of governments in many liberal democracies today. Citizens, organizations, and permanent residents in several countries across the globe can request unpublished information from federal, provincial, state, county, and municipal government agencies.…

  5. Expressive and Flexible Access to Web-Extracted Data: A Keyword-based Structured Query Language

    E-print Network

    California at Berkeley, University of

    to the resulting disambiguation problem caused by introducing keywords as primitives in a structured query language graphs with full-text search. In this system, the rewritten query describes an arbitrary topic of interest for which cor- responding entities, and documents relevant to the entities, are efficiently

  6. Accessibility Add-on Box Enabling Barrier-Free Tourism Information Systems (TIS)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael Winkler; Wolfram Wöß

    2006-01-01

    Barrier-free tourism as an enormous market potential affects the whole tourism chain covering all tourism objects from arrival,\\u000a accommodations, restaurants, activities on holiday resorts up to the departure process. In order to offer barrier-free tourism,\\u000a two kinds of accessibility have to be considered. Tourism accessibility extends common tourism object especially with information\\u000a concerning the requirements of disabled people. Web accessibility

  7. Accessing biomedical literature in the current information landscape.

    PubMed

    Khare, Ritu; Leaman, Robert; Lu, Zhiyong

    2014-01-01

    Biomedical and life sciences literature is unique because of its exponentially increasing volume and interdisciplinary nature. Biomedical literature access is essential for several types of users including biomedical researchers, clinicians, database curators, and bibliometricians. In the past few decades, several online search tools and literature archives, generic as well as biomedicine specific, have been developed. We present this chapter in the light of three consecutive steps of literature access: searching for citations, retrieving full text, and viewing the article. The first section presents the current state of practice of biomedical literature access, including an analysis of the search tools most frequently used by the users, including PubMed, Google Scholar, Web of Science, Scopus, and Embase, and a study on biomedical literature archives such as PubMed Central. The next section describes current research and the state-of-the-art systems motivated by the challenges a user faces during query formulation and interpretation of search results. The research solutions are classified into five key areas related to text and data mining, text similarity search, semantic search, query support, relevance ranking, and clustering results. Finally, the last section describes some predicted future trends for improving biomedical literature access, such as searching and reading articles on portable devices, and adoption of the open access policy. PMID:24788259

  8. Combining bidirectional translation and synonymy for cross-language information retrieval

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jianqiang Wang; Douglas W. Oard

    2006-01-01

    This paper introduces a general framework for the use of translation probabilities in cross-language information re- trieval based on the notion that information retrieval fun- damentally requires matching what the searcher means with what the author of a document meant. That perspective yields a computational formulation that provides a natu- ral way of combining what have been known as query

  9. BoxScript: A Component-Oriented Language for Teaching Computer and Information Science

    E-print Network

    Cunningham, Conrad

    BoxScript: A Component-Oriented Language for Teaching Yi Liu Computer and Information Science Computer and Information Science University of Mississippi University, MS 38677 1-662-915-5358 cunningham@cs.olemiss.edu ABSTRACT As component-oriented approaches become increasingly perva- sive in the development of complex

  10. DATA MINING LANGUAGES STANDARDS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Vasile BODEA; Cetin ELMAS

    2009-01-01

    The increasing of the database dimension creates many problems, especially when we need to access, use and analyze data. The data overflow phenomenon in database environments imposes the application of different data mining methods, in order to find relevant information from large databases. A lot of data mining tools emerged in the last years. The standardization of data mining languages

  11. Applying Machine Translation to Two-Stage Cross-Language Information Retrieval

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Atsushi Fujii; Tetsuya Ishikawa

    2000-01-01

    Cross-language information retrieval (CLIR), where queries and documents are in different languages, needs a translation of queries and\\/or documents, so as to standardize both of them into a common representation. For this purpose, the use of machine translation is an effective approach. However, computational cost is prohibitive in trans- lating large-scale document collections. To resolve this problem, we pro- pose

  12. Dialog with black box: using Information Theory to study animal language behaviour

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zhanna Reznikova

    2007-01-01

    In this review, three main experimental approaches for studying animal language behaviour are compared: (1) direct decoding\\u000a of animals’ communication, (2) the use of intermediary languages to communicate with animals and (3) application of ideas\\u000a and methods of the Information Theory for studying quantitative characteristics of animal communication. Each of the three\\u000a methodological approaches has its specific power and specific

  13. User Interest Modeling Based on Access Behavior and its Application in Personalized Information Retrieval

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zhen Zhu; Jing-yan Wang; Mei-lan Chen; Ren-gen Huang

    2010-01-01

    User interest modeling is the key technology of personalized information retrieval. The access behavior, which user browse, save, collect, or print Web page, can really represent user interest. This paper expatiates on the relation between user interest and access behavior on the basis of vector space model and document vectorization, discusses the quantificational formula of user interest degree which is

  14. Using natural language processing techniques to inform research on nanotechnology

    PubMed Central

    Lewinski, Nastassja A

    2015-01-01

    Summary Literature in the field of nanotechnology is exponentially increasing with more and more engineered nanomaterials being created, characterized, and tested for performance and safety. With the deluge of published data, there is a need for natural language processing approaches to semi-automate the cataloguing of engineered nanomaterials and their associated physico-chemical properties, performance, exposure scenarios, and biological effects. In this paper, we review the different informatics methods that have been applied to patent mining, nanomaterial/device characterization, nanomedicine, and environmental risk assessment. Nine natural language processing (NLP)-based tools were identified: NanoPort, NanoMapper, TechPerceptor, a Text Mining Framework, a Nanodevice Analyzer, a Clinical Trial Document Classifier, Nanotoxicity Searcher, NanoSifter, and NEIMiner. We conclude with recommendations for sharing NLP-related tools through online repositories to broaden participation in nanoinformatics. PMID:26199848

  15. Using natural language processing techniques to inform research on nanotechnology.

    PubMed

    Lewinski, Nastassja A; McInnes, Bridget T

    2015-01-01

    Literature in the field of nanotechnology is exponentially increasing with more and more engineered nanomaterials being created, characterized, and tested for performance and safety. With the deluge of published data, there is a need for natural language processing approaches to semi-automate the cataloguing of engineered nanomaterials and their associated physico-chemical properties, performance, exposure scenarios, and biological effects. In this paper, we review the different informatics methods that have been applied to patent mining, nanomaterial/device characterization, nanomedicine, and environmental risk assessment. Nine natural language processing (NLP)-based tools were identified: NanoPort, NanoMapper, TechPerceptor, a Text Mining Framework, a Nanodevice Analyzer, a Clinical Trial Document Classifier, Nanotoxicity Searcher, NanoSifter, and NEIMiner. We conclude with recommendations for sharing NLP-related tools through online repositories to broaden participation in nanoinformatics. PMID:26199848

  16. Data access, charging and copyright and their implications for geographical information systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Rhind

    1992-01-01

    Few geographical information systems generate all their own data. As geographical or spatial data are the fuel of such systems, the availability, access and price of data sets held by others becomes a matter of considerable importance. In this context, geographical information systems form only a special case of information systems in general, but geographical data are increasingly part of

  17. Social Information Access for the Rest of Us: An Exploration of Social YouTube

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Maurice Coyle; Jill Freyne; Peter Brusilovsky; Barry Smyth

    2008-01-01

    The motivation behind many Information Retrieval systems is to identify and present relevant information to people given their cur- rent goals and needs. Learning about user preferences and access patterns recent technologies make it possible to model user information needs and adapt services to meet these needs. In previous work we have presented ASSIST, a general-purpose platform which incorporates various

  18. 49 CFR 1007.3 - Requests by an individual for information or access.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...his or her record or to any information pertaining to him or her...20423-0001. (b) A request for information or for access to records under...full name of the individual seeking the information or record, along with his...

  19. The use of ICTs in Namibia's SME sector to access business information services

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Elisha Rufaro T. Chiware; Archie L. Dick

    2008-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of the paper is to present current state of the use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in Namibia's small and medium-sized enterprises (SME) sector to access business information services. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper is based on a doctoral research project on business information needs, seeking patterns and utilisation of ICTs in the SME sector in

  20. TITLE: SANCTIONS FOR UNAUTHORIZED ACCESS, USE OR DISCLOSURE OF PROTECTED HEALTH INFORMATION

    E-print Network

    Grishok, Alla

    TITLE: SANCTIONS FOR UNAUTHORIZED ACCESS, USE OR DISCLOSURE OF PROTECTED HEALTH INFORMATION POLICY workforce that violates Privacy or Information Security, organizational policies related to applicable city of 1996 (HIPAA) and the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) Act

  1. TITLE: SANCTIONS FOR UNAUTHORIZED ACCESS, USE OR DISCLOSURE OF PROTECTED HEALTH INFORMATION

    E-print Network

    Grishok, Alla

    TITLE: SANCTIONS FOR UNAUTHORIZED ACCESS, USE OR DISCLOSURE OF PROTECTED HEALTH INFORMATION POLICY workforce that violates Privacy or Information Security. Organizational policies related to applicable city. a. Sanctions as a result of a violation of an Information Security and / or Privacy policies

  2. Validating Access to External Information Sources in a Mediator Environment (Technical Report)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zoltán Ádám MANN; Jacques CALMET; Peter KULLMANN

    A mediator integrates existing information sources into a new application. In order to answer complex queries, the mediator splits them up into sub-queries which it sends to the information sources. Afterwards, it combines the replies to answer the original query. Since the information sources are usually external, autonomous systems, the access to them can sometimes be erroneous, most notably when

  3. A Case Study on Perspectives by Females of Mexican Descent on Access to Postsecondary Education Information 

    E-print Network

    Lara, Alma Leticia

    2014-04-30

    The purpose of this study was to provide an understanding of the process Latino parents utilize to gain access to postsecondary education information during their children’s elementary schooling. Significantly, the support Latino parents provide...

  4. Title: Information Access Assistant Position #: 0421701 Department: Library, Biomedical Libraries Category: Non-Exempt

    E-print Network

    Myers, Lawrence C.

    . Assists with creating web-based library materials. Circulation/Reserves Staffs public service desks library databases, knowledge bases, and Internet search sites such as Google. Education Bachelor's degreeTitle: Information Access Assistant Position #: 0421701 Department: Library, Biomedical Libraries

  5. Medical data mining : improving information accessibility using online patient drug reviews

    E-print Network

    Li, Yueyang Alice

    2011-01-01

    We address the problem of information accessibility for patients concerned about, pharmaceutical drug side effects and experiences. We create a new corpus of online patient-provided drug reviews and present our initial ...

  6. 2 CFR 200.211 - Public access to Federal award information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... § 200.211 Public access to Federal award information. (a) In accordance with statutory requirements for Federal spending transparency (e.g., FFATA), except as noted in this section, for applicable Federal awards the Federal...

  7. Alive and kicking: a progress report on Open Access, institutional repositories, and health information

    E-print Network

    Morgan, Peter

    The Open Access movement has promoted two parallel strands of information dissemination - OA publishing, and self-archiving in OA repositories. But while the original focus was peer-reviewed scientific research papers, repositories have extended...

  8. Privacy, security and access with sensitive health information.

    PubMed

    Croll, Peter

    2010-01-01

    This chapter gives an educational overview of: * Confidentiality issues and the challenges faced; * The fundamental differences between privacy and security; * The different access control mechanisms; * The challenges of Internet security; * How 'safety and quality' relate to all the above. PMID:20407159

  9. 73 FR 16881 - Request for Information: NIH Public Access Policy

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2008-03-31

    ...PubMed Central is an archive of full-text biomedical journal articles available...made accessible to the public in full-text version in a timely manner. Many...journals increasingly are making full-text articles available immediately...

  10. A translation of recursive algebra queries into the access language of a nested relations database prototype 

    E-print Network

    Caulfield, Jonathan

    1989-01-01

    Anne Jack 17 10 cooking reading baseball football COBOL FORTRAN Pascal 18 reading track Anne 12 music track COBOL FORTRAN Bill 16 cars nluslc track 300 400 Anne Bill Anne 16 14 track aolleybal1 cooking nluslc fishing... hunting COBOL C LISP Pascal Prolog Figure 3. The EMP Relation Children Skills eno ename Hobby cname age hobby language Fred Anne 17 10 reading cooking football baseball COBOL FORTRAN Pascal Mary 18 track reading Figure 4. rr...

  11. Effects of Iconicity and Semantic Relatedness on Lexical Access in American Sign Language

    PubMed Central

    Bosworth, Rain G.; Emmorey, Karen

    2010-01-01

    Iconicity is a property that pervades the lexicon of many sign languages, including American Sign Language (ASL). Iconic signs exhibit a motivated, non-arbitrary mapping between the form of the sign and its meaning. We investigated whether iconicity enhances semantic priming effects for ASL and whether iconic signs are recognized more quickly than non-iconic signs (controlling for strength of iconicity, semantic relatedness, familiarity, and imageability). Twenty deaf signers made lexical decisions to the second item of a prime-target pair. Iconic target signs were preceded by prime signs that were a) iconic and semantically related, b) non-iconic and semantically related, or c) semantically unrelated. In addition, a set of non-iconic target signs was preceded by semantically unrelated primes. Significant facilitation was observed for target signs when preceded by semantically related primes. However, iconicity did not increase the priming effect (e.g., the target sign PIANO was primed equally by the iconic sign GUITAR and the non-iconic sign MUSIC). In addition, iconic signs were not recognized faster or more accurately than non-iconic signs. These results confirm the existence of semantic priming for sign language and suggest that iconicity does not play a robust role in on-line lexical processing. PMID:20919784

  12. Information Extraction as a core language technology What is IE?

    E-print Network

    Wilks, Yorick

    Wide Web, what TV programs you might want to watch in the next week: there is already a web site in operation with text descriptions of the programs on 25 or more British TV channels, more text than most programs your favourite TV critic liked: and suppose the web site also had access to the texts of recent

  13. The health periodicals database: full-text access to consumer and technical health information.

    PubMed

    Lingle, V A

    1990-01-01

    The HEALTH PERIODICALS DATABASE, produced by the Information Access Company, is a unique online file which provides full-text access to both general interest health-related literature and key technical resources in the medical field. Available on DIALOG and CompuServe, the database is described as a useful tool for information on the health, fitness, and nutrition industries. Special features of the database are reviewed and comparisons are made with resources of similar scope. PMID:10110097

  14. Public access to environmental information: past, present and future

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mordechai E Haklay

    2003-01-01

    Abstract Since the late 1960s and the “environmental revolution”, information and information systems have been an integral part of the environmental debate. In the decade that has passed since the Rio conference and the establishment of the \\

  15. Web site accessibility of German and UK tourism information sites

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Russell Williams; Rulzion Rattray; Alexandra Stork

    2004-01-01

    Information exchange is important in any transaction but is perhaps particularly important for transactions in the travel and tourism industry where information gratification plays such a crucial role. Internet-based technologies allow organisations to exchange information with an often geographically dispersed and wider marketplace without a loss of quality. However, merely being online, publishing a Web site is not enough. Organisations

  16. Integrating and accessing heterogeneous information sources in TSIMMIS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. Garcia Molina; J. Hammer; K. Ireland

    1995-01-01

    The goal of the Tsimmis Project is to de velop tools that facilitate the rapid integra tion of heterogeneous information sources that may include both structured and unstructured data This paper gives an overview of the project describing components that extract properties from unstructured objects that translate information into a common object model that combine information from several sources and

  17. The feasibility of using natural language processing to extract clinical information from breast pathology reports

    PubMed Central

    Buckley, Julliette M.; Coopey, Suzanne B.; Sharko, John; Polubriaginof, Fernanda; Drohan, Brian; Belli, Ahmet K.; Kim, Elizabeth M. H.; Garber, Judy E.; Smith, Barbara L.; Gadd, Michele A.; Specht, Michelle C.; Roche, Constance A.; Gudewicz, Thomas M.; Hughes, Kevin S.

    2012-01-01

    Objective: The opportunity to integrate clinical decision support systems into clinical practice is limited due to the lack of structured, machine readable data in the current format of the electronic health record. Natural language processing has been designed to convert free text into machine readable data. The aim of the current study was to ascertain the feasibility of using natural language processing to extract clinical information from >76,000 breast pathology reports. Approach and Procedure: Breast pathology reports from three institutions were analyzed using natural language processing software (Clearforest, Waltham, MA) to extract information on a variety of pathologic diagnoses of interest. Data tables were created from the extracted information according to date of surgery, side of surgery, and medical record number. The variety of ways in which each diagnosis could be represented was recorded, as a means of demonstrating the complexity of machine interpretation of free text. Results: There was widespread variation in how pathologists reported common pathologic diagnoses. We report, for example, 124 ways of saying invasive ductal carcinoma and 95 ways of saying invasive lobular carcinoma. There were >4000 ways of saying invasive ductal carcinoma was not present. Natural language processor sensitivity and specificity were 99.1% and 96.5% when compared to expert human coders. Conclusion: We have demonstrated how a large body of free text medical information such as seen in breast pathology reports, can be converted to a machine readable format using natural language processing, and described the inherent complexities of the task. PMID:22934236

  18. Caisson: A Hardware Description Language for Secure Information Flow

    E-print Network

    California at Santa Barbara, University of

    : Unclassified Secret Top Secret. An important information flow policy based on such lattices is non to higher elements in the lattice (e.g., Secret information can flow to Top Secret, but not vice on information flow. Policies may target confidentiality, so that secret Permission to make digital or hard

  19. MAPS WITH STORED INFORMATION IN MULTIPLE-ACCESS COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yuri Andreyev; Alexander S. Dmitriev; Dmitry Kuminov; Sergei Starkov

    In this report we discuss the ways for realization of code-division multiple access (CDMA) systems based on dynamic chaos. The use of chaos allows us to transmit infor- mation with the robustness close to that of the conventional spread-spectrum systems, and to obtain additional useful consumer properties. I. Introduction Conventional spread-spectrum systems employ pseudo-random cyclic spreading sequences (e.g., pseudo-noise (PN)

  20. Design Information Retrieval: Improving Access to the Informal Side of Design William Wood, Maria Yang, and Mark Cutkosky

    E-print Network

    Yang, Maria

    Design Information Retrieval: Improving Access to the Informal Side of Design William Wood, Maria Yang, and Mark Cutkosky Center for Design Research Stanford University Abstract Capturing and reusing design experience holds great potential for improving designer effectiveness. The first step toward

  1. An evaluation of e-readiness assessment tools with respect to information access: Towards an integrated information rich tool

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stephen M. Mutula; Pieter van Brakel

    2006-01-01

    This paper is an offshoot of the findings of a doctoral thesis carried out at the University of Johannesburg (formerly Rand Afrikaans University) in South Africa on the assessment of e-readiness tools with respect to information access. The paper argues that information is a key component in the e-readiness equation and yet it is not given much emphasis in the

  2. Health Information on the Internet: Accessibility, Quality, and Readability in English and Spanish

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Algazy, Jeffrey I.

    2001-01-01

    Published in the May 23/30, 2001 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), this detailed study conducted by the Rand Corporation and California HealthCare Foundation finds that the quality of health-care information available online is decidedly uneven. For the report, researchers consulted ten English-language and four Spanish-language search engines for information on four common health conditions: breast cancer, childhood asthma, depression, and obesity. Physicians also evaluated the quality of information provided by 25 major health Websites. Among the problems noted in the report are irrelevant search returns, incomplete or contradictory information, and blurring of the line between information and advertising. The full text of the article is available at the JAMA site.

  3. SQL is the language for accessing and managing database. Using SQL proficiently is essential for a database programmer. This part introduces fundamentals of SQL,

    E-print Network

    Liang, Y. Daniel

    Part II SQL SQL is the language for accessing and managing database. Using SQL proficiently is essential for a database programmer. This part introduces fundamentals of SQL, advanced features of SQL, creating database objects, and how to use SQL to manage transactions, control concurrency, and maintain

  4. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 9 (2), 2006, 153166 C 2006 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S1366728906002501 153 Lexical access in bilingual

    E-print Network

    Caramazza, Alfonso

    Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 9 (2), 2006, 153­166 C 2006 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S1366728906002501 153 Lexical access in bilingual speakers: What's the (hard) problem?* MATTHEW University Models of bilingual speech production generally assume that translation equivalent lexical nodes

  5. Public Access to Health Information: A Psychoanalyst's View.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kay, Paul

    1983-01-01

    Examines cultural and personal factors which may affect an individual's request for medical information from a librarian and the concept of the librarian as "educator-catalyst" working with health care professionals, highlighting self-destructive tendencies of society, negative effects of some advertising, the flood tide of health information, and…

  6. Bilingual Cancer Information: Access Is the First Line of Defense

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boudreault, Patrick; Palmer, Christina

    2015-01-01

    Information about cancer, the disease that kills more Americans than any other except heart disease, is essential. In some ways, information is our first line of defense. It allows us to identify individual risk factors, to note when a problem means we should see a professional, and to avoid activities that might put us at risk. However,…

  7. Accessing Information: The Internet--A Highway or a Maze?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoctor, Marge

    2005-01-01

    The Internet is often called "The Information Highway," a metaphor that implies that there is a straight, clearly mapped path to obtaining information. In reality, it is more like a maze with twists and turns and many dead ends. Efficient navigation strategies must be taught; they will not be acquired through osmosis. Schools with a strong…

  8. 1 CFR 456.4 - Public access to information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...of information must be paid in full prior to release of the information. Payment of fees shall be made by a personal check, postal money order or bank draft on a bank in the United States, made payable to the order of the Treasurer of the...

  9. A Spoken Language Inquiry System for Automatic Train Timetable Information

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Harald Aust; Martin Oerder; Frank Seide; Volker Steinbiss

    1995-01-01

    This article describes the Philips automatic train timetable information system which enables the user to call up accurate information about train connections between 1200 German cities over the telephone. In contrast to most of the inquiry systems available so far, the caller can talk to our system in unrestricted, natural and fluent speech, very much like talking to a human

  10. An Extensible Markup Language (XML) Based Format for Watcher Information

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Rosenberg

    2004-01-01

    Watchers are defined as entities that request (i.e., subscribe to) information about a resource. There is fairly complex state associated with these subscriptions. The union of the state for all subscriptions to a particular resource is called the watcher information for that resource. This state is dynamic, changing as subscribers come and go. As a result, it is possible, and

  11. Recent Developments in Spoken Language Sytems for Information Retrieval

    E-print Network

    . Eventual ex- tensions to the system will enable the to user to ob- tain additional information about the caller will only be able to interact with the system by voiceimplyingthat changes inthe user- interface will be needed to limit the information and guidance provided to the user by speech synthesis. 2. SYSTEM OVERVIEW

  12. UB at CLEF2004: Cross Language Information Retrieval Using Statistical Language Models

    E-print Network

    Ruiz, Miguel E.

    modeling. Our Adhoc retrieval work used the TAPIR toolkit de- veloped in house by M Srikanth. Our approach the TAPIR (Text Analysis and Processing for Information Retrieval) toolkit which was originally developed

  13. OUTLINE LIST OF EXEMPTIONS UNDER FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT Exemptions provide discretionary exceptions to the public's right of access to

    E-print Network

    Müller, Jens-Dominik

    exceptions to the public's right of access to information held by the University under the terms in their application include: · Information accessible to the applicant by other means (s21) · Information supplied by include: · Information that would prejudice the effective conduct of public affairs (s36), and · Personal

  14. Design and Evaluation of a Legal Information Flow (LIF) Scheduler in a Role-based Access Control Model

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tomoya Enokido; Makoto Takizawa

    2007-01-01

    The role-based access control model is widely used to keep information systems secure. Here, a subject s is allowed to issue a method op to an object o only if an access right (o, op) is included in the roles granted to the subject s. Even if every access request is authorized in the roles, illegal information flow might occur

  15. MORRIS AND RISSMAN -FINAL 3/11/2010 9:01 AM PUBLIC ACCESS TO INFORMATION ON PRIVATE LAND

    E-print Network

    Rissman, Adena

    MORRIS AND RISSMAN - FINAL 3/11/2010 9:01 AM PUBLIC ACCESS TO INFORMATION ON PRIVATE LAND reveal major tensions between the privacy concerns of landowners and the right of the public to access to provide public access to this information given growing concerns that the public's substantial investment

  16. Overcoming inertia: increasing public health departments' access to evidence-based information and promoting usage to inform practice.

    PubMed

    LaPelle, Nancy R; Dahlen, Karen; Gabella, Barbara A; Juhl, Ashley L; Martin, Elaine

    2014-01-01

    In 2010, the New England Region-National Network of Libraries of Medicine at University of Massachusetts Medical School received funding to improve information access for public health departments in 6 New England states and Colorado. Public health departments were provided with desktop digital access to licensed e-resources available through special pricing. In January through mid-April 2012, we evaluated the effectiveness of providing access to and training for using e-resources to public health department staff to motivate usage in practice. We found that additional strategies are needed to accomplish this. PMID:24228662

  17. A Pattern Language for the Design of Aspect Languages and Aspect Composition New Media Lab, Department of Information Systems

    E-print Network

    Zdun, Uwe

    A Pattern Language for the Design of Aspect Languages and Aspect Composition Frameworks Uwe Zdun. For these purposes, we present a pattern language for tracing and manipulating software structures and dependencies, and then explain different, existing aspect composition frameworks as sequences through this pattern language. We

  18. 77 FR 60962 - Clean Water Act; Contractor Access to Confidential Business Information

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-05

    The Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) Office of Water's (OW's) Office of Science and Technology (OST) has authorized Eastern Research Group (ERG), its subcontractors, and its consultants to access confidential business information (CBI) collected from numerous industries. Transfer of this information is necessary for ERG to assist the Office of Water in the preparation of effluent......

  19. Affected Decisions: Aversive Disablism, Accessible Information and Technologies in an Institution of Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flanagin, Jimmie

    2013-01-01

    Students with print disabilities continue to face inaccessible information and information technologies in higher education institutions despite federal and state legislation and local policies. Although most individuals responsible for making their course materials accessible often express support for the egalitarian principles of such policies,…

  20. Information Technology Services Procedure Title: Departmental Copy Cards Procedure for Access,

    E-print Network

    is the unit which manages the fleet of devices and provides support for department devices serving the print1 Information Technology Services Procedure Title: Departmental Copy Cards Procedure for Access, Use and Accountability Unit: Copy Central, Information Technology Services Last updated: May 8, 2013

  1. Enabling Offline Access to Facebook Streams on Mobile Dept. of Information and

    E-print Network

    Venkatasubramanian, Nalini

    Enabling Offline Access to Facebook Streams on Mobile Devices Ye Zhao Dept. of Information [Information Systems Applications]: Miscellaneous Keywords Offline, Prefetching, Rich Content, Facebook 1 such as Facebook, Twit- ter, LinkedIn, Google+, and Instagram ­ indeed, many peo- ple rely on these social networks

  2. Rural Health Care Information Access and the Use of the Internet: Opportunity for University Extension

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Das, Biswa R.; Leatherman, John C.; Bressers, Bonnie M.

    2015-01-01

    The Internet has potential for improving health information delivery and strengthening connections between rural populations and local health service providers. An exploratory case study six rural health care markets in Kansas showed that about 70% of adults use the Internet, with substantial use for accessing health information. While there are…

  3. The Digital Health Divide: Evaluating Online Health Information Access and Use among Older Adults

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hall, Amanda K.; Bernhardt, Jay M.; Dodd, Virginia; Vollrath, Morgan W.

    2015-01-01

    Objective: Innovations in health information technology (HIT) provide opportunities to reduce health care spending, improve quality of care, and improve health outcomes for older adults. However, concerns relating to older adults' limited access and use of HIT, including use of the Internet for health information, fuel the digital health divide…

  4. Accessing Canadian Federal Information: A Depository Program for the Twenty-First Century?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gnassi, Bruno

    This paper examines the current status and future of Canada's Depository Service Program (DSP) for government information. The first section discusses the depository model, including changes due to information technology and decentralization of government authority. Access and preservation are addressed in the second section, including the…

  5. The Economic Crisis and Other Challenges in Accessing Science and Technological Information in Asia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stueart, Robert D.

    This paper discusses access to scientific and technical information in Asia. The first section considers the economic crisis, including the growth in information service as a major indicator of the success or failure of the economies of developing countries. Libraries' response to the economic crisis is addressed in the second section, including…

  6. Internet Information-Seeking and Its Relation to Support for Access to Government Records

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cuillier, David; Piotrowski, Suzanne J.

    2009-01-01

    Public access to government records is essential for democratic self-governance, and attitudes toward that right can facilitate or hinder public policy regarding transparency. As more people use the internet for gathering information about their governments and communities, it is unknown whether such online information-seeking is related to…

  7. Fogler Library Fogler Library provides access to information essential to teaching, research, and service

    E-print Network

    Thomas, Andrew

    Fogler Library Mission Fogler Library provides access to information essential to teaching of Fogler Library is to identify and provide the information and library resources needed by members of the University community in their study, teaching, research, public service, and professional development

  8. Public library computer training for older adults to access high-quality Internet health information

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bo Xie; Julie M. Bugg

    2009-01-01

    An innovative experiment to develop and evaluate a public library computer training program to teach older adults to access and use high-quality Internet health information involved a productive collaboration among public libraries, the National Institute on Aging and the National Library of Medicine of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and a Library and Information Science (LIS) academic program at

  9. On2broker: Semantic-Based Access to Information Sources at the WWW.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fensel, Dieter; Angele, Jurgen; Decker, Stefan; Erdmann, Michael; Schnurr, Hans-Peter; Staab, Steffen; Studer, Rudi; Witt, Andreas

    On2broker provides brokering services to improve access to heterogeneous, distributed, and semistructured information sources as they are presented in the World Wide Web. It relies on the use of ontologies to make explicit the semantics of Web pages. This paper discusses the general architecture and main components (i.e., query engine, information

  10. The Turfgrass Information Center: Online Access to the Turf Science Literature

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peter O. Cookingham

    2000-01-01

    The Turfgrass Information Center (TIC), Michigan State University (MSU) Libraries, builds a bibliographic database, the Turf-grass Information File (TGIF), which provides access to the print and electronic literature of turf science, turf culture, and the management of turfgrass facilities, such as golf courses and sports turf venues. Database construction is based on the O. J. Noer Memorial Turfgrass Collection at

  11. Creative Commons, Integrated Circuits, Open Access, Information Technologies 

    E-print Network

    Waelde, Charlotte

    2006-01-01

    The contribution to Oxford Enclopaedia broadly discusses the information technologies and technologies used to protect and disseminate content posted on the Internet. Creative Commons licenses as a means of protecting ...

  12. 48 CFR 1852.237-72 - Access to Sensitive Information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...is not currently in the public domain, and which may embody trade secrets or commercial or financial information, and which may be sensitive or privileged. (b) To assist NASA in accomplishing management activities and administrative...

  13. 48 CFR 1852.237-72 - Access to Sensitive Information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...is not currently in the public domain, and which may embody trade secrets or commercial or financial information, and which may be sensitive or privileged. (b) To assist NASA in accomplishing management activities and administrative...

  14. 48 CFR 1852.237-72 - Access to Sensitive Information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...is not currently in the public domain, and which may embody trade secrets or commercial or financial information, and which may be sensitive or privileged. (b) To assist NASA in accomplishing management activities and administrative...

  15. 48 CFR 1852.237-72 - Access to Sensitive Information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...is not currently in the public domain, and which may embody trade secrets or commercial or financial information, and which may be sensitive or privileged. (b) To assist NASA in accomplishing management activities and administrative...

  16. 48 CFR 1852.237-72 - Access to Sensitive Information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...is not currently in the public domain, and which may embody trade secrets or commercial or financial information, and which may be sensitive or privileged. (b) To assist NASA in accomplishing management activities and administrative...

  17. 5 CFR 1303.10 - Access to information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...maintains the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs (OIRA) Docket Library, Room...related to proposed Federal agency regulatory actions reviewed by OIRA under Executive Order 12866 “Regulatory Planning and Review”....

  18. Quantitative Information-Flow Tracking for C and Related Languages

    E-print Network

    McCamant, Stephen

    2006-11-17

    We present a new approach for tracking programs' use of data througharbitrary calculations, to determine how much information about secretinputs is revealed by public outputs. Using a fine-grained dynamicbit-tracking ...

  19. A language design and implementation for geospatial information services chaining

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sanphet Chunithipaisan; Soravis Supavetch

    2011-01-01

    The Geospatial Information that service from public organizations and authorities are significantly increasing e.g., JPL OnEarth, GeoBrain, Google, and so on. Those geospatial information services rely on various existing Web technologies such as Web Service, OGC Web Services, REST, and GeoRSS. There are several formats of geospatial data which are published via the standard protocol HTTP such as GML, KML,

  20. FASTUS: A Cascaded Finite-State Transducer for Extracting Information from Natural-Language Text

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jerry R. Hobbs; Douglas E. Appelt; John Bear; David J. Israel; Megumi Kameyama; Mark E. Stickel; Mabry Tyson

    1997-01-01

    Abstract FASTUS is a system for extracting information from natural language text for entry into a database and for other applications. It works essentially as a cascaded, nondeterministic finite-state automaton. There are five stages in the operation of FASTUS. In Stage 1, names and other fixed form expressions are recognized. In Stage 2, basic noun groups, verb groups, and prepositions

  1. The effect of named entities on effectiveness in cross-language information retrieval evaluation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thomas Mandl; Christa Womser-Hacker

    2005-01-01

    The large number of experiments carried out within evaluation initiatives for information retrieval has led to an invaluable source for further research and meta-analysis. In this study, an analysis of the results of the Cross Language Evaluation Forum (CLEF) campaigns for the years 2000 to 2003 is presented. This study considers the performance of the systems for each individual topic.

  2. The verbs of the Italian language in informal letters: Comparing two Corpora

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Katerina Florou

    The purpose of this paper is to prove the application of Contrastive Interlanguage Analysis on researching cases, which deal with the use of the Italian language by Greek students. By comparing a learner corpus with a native speakers' corpus we come to conclusions about the overuse or the underuse of the most frequently used verbs in informal letters. Furthermore, there

  3. Translation enhancement: a new relevance feedback method for cross-language information retrieval

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Daqing He; Dan Wu

    2008-01-01

    As an effective technique for improving retrieval effectiveness, relevance feedback (RF) has been widely studied in both monolingual and cross-language information retrieval (CLIR) settings. The studies of RF in CLIR have been focused on query expansion (QE), in which queries are reformulated before and\\/or after they are translated. However, RF in CLIR actually not only can help select better query

  4. Using the web for automated translation extraction in cross-language information retrieval

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ying Zhang; Phil Vines

    2004-01-01

    There have been significant advances in Cross-Language Information Retrieval (CLIR) in recent years. One of the major remaining reasons that CLIR does not perform as well as monolingual retrieval is the presence of out of vocabulary (OOV) terms. Previous work has either relied on manual intervention or has only been partially successful in solving this problem. We use a method

  5. The Application of the Unified Modeling Language in Object-Oriented Analysis of Healthcare Information Systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Vinod Aggarwal

    2002-01-01

    This paper concerns itself with the beneficial effects of the Unified Modeling Language (UML), a nonproprietary object modeling standard, in specifying, visualizing, constructing, documenting, and communicating the model of a healthcare information system from the user's perspective. The author outlines the process of object-oriented analysis (OOA) using the UML and illustrates this with healthcare examples to demonstrate the practicality of

  6. NLPIR: A Theoretical Framework for Applying Natural Language Processing to Information Retrieval.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhou, Lina; Zhang, Dongsong

    2003-01-01

    Proposes a theoretical framework called NLPIR that integrates natural language processing (NLP) into information retrieval (IR) based on the assumption that there exists representation distance between queries and documents. Discusses problems in traditional keyword-based IR, including relevance, and describes some existing NLP techniques.…

  7. An Approach to Detecting Duplicate Bug Reports using Natural Language and Execution Information

    E-print Network

    Xie, Tao

    An Approach to Detecting Duplicate Bug Reports using Natural Language and Execution Information source project typically maintains an open bug reposi- tory so that bug reports from all over the world can be gathered. When a new bug report is submitted to the repository, a person, called a triager

  8. Looking Inside the Box: Context-Sensitive Translation for Cross-Language Information Retrieval

    E-print Network

    Lin, Jimmy

    contextual clues. This has led to a small cottage industry of what we might refer to as "context recoveryLooking Inside the Box: Context-Sensitive Translation for Cross-Language Information Retrieval dic- tionaries. Yet, state-of-the-art statistical translation models (e.g., using Synchronous Context

  9. Information resonance and pattern recognition in classical and quantum systems: toward a `language

    E-print Network

    @ix.netcom.com. Affiliations are for identification only. quantum neural networks, renormalization, state space algebraInformation resonance and pattern recognition in classical and quantum systems: toward a `language model' of hierarchical neural structure and process Rodrick Wallace, Ph.D. The New York State

  10. The Development of a Natural Language Generation System For Personalized e-Health Information

    E-print Network

    DiMarco, Chrysanne

    Director, My CARE Source Patient Portal, Grand River Hospital, personal communication). An effective meansThe Development of a Natural Language Generation System For Personalized e-Health Information C. Di a David R. Cheriton School of Computer Science, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada b

  11. Made in America: An Informal History of the English Language in the United States.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bryson, Bill

    Claiming that understanding the social context in which words are formed is necessary to appreciate the richness and vitality of language, this book presents an informal, discursive examination of how and why American speech came to be the way it is, and in particular where the words came from. The book follows a roughly chronological format from…

  12. The Effect of Bilingual Term List Size on Dictionary-Based Cross-Language Information Retrieval

    E-print Network

    Oard, Doug

    The Effect of Bilingual Term List Size on Dictionary-Based Cross-Language Information Retrieval University of Maryland College Park, MD 20742 301-405-7590 oard@glue.umd.edu Abstract Bilingual term lists applications through their coverage by general-purpose bilingual term lists, and reports results from

  13. An Evaluation of Help Mechanisms in Natural Language Information Retrieval Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kreymer, Oleg

    2002-01-01

    Evaluates the current state of natural language processing information retrieval systems from the user's point of view, focusing on the structure and components of the systems' help mechanisms. Topics include user/system interaction; semantic parsing; syntactic parsing; semantic mapping; and concept matching. (Author/LRW)

  14. An Abstraction Method Using a Semantic Engine Based on Language Information Structure

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hirohito Inagaki; Tohru Nakagawa

    1992-01-01

    This paper describes the framework for a new abstraction method that utilizes event-units written in sentences. Event-units are expressed in Language Information Structure (LIS) form and the projection of LIS from a sentence is performed by a semantic engine. ABEX (ABstraction EXtraction system) utilizes the LIS output of the semantic engine. ABEX can extract events from sentences and classify them.

  15. Cycles of Innovation in the Adoption of Information Technology: A View for Language Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pennington, Martha C.

    2004-01-01

    A framework for viewing developments in information technology [IT] is presented as an elaborated model of the adoption of innovations, with implications for language teaching. The model is loosely based on that of Rogers (1995), but involves three successive phases of "innovation-adoption". The model provides a context for a discussion of CALL…

  16. Ontology-based federated data access to human studies information.

    PubMed

    Sim, Ida; Carini, Simona; Tu, Samson W; Detwiler, Landon T; Brinkley, James; Mollah, Shamim A; Burke, Karl; Lehmann, Harold P; Chakraborty, Swati; Wittkowski, Knut M; Pollock, Brad H; Johnson, Thomas M; Huser, Vojtech

    2012-01-01

    Human studies are one of the most valuable sources of knowledge in biomedical research, but data about their design and results are currently widely dispersed in siloed systems. Federation of these data is needed to facilitate large-scale data analysis to realize the goals of evidence-based medicine. The Human Studies Database project has developed an informatics infrastructure for federated query of human studies databases, using a generalizable approach to ontology-based data access. Our approach has three main components. First, the Ontology of Clinical Research (OCRe) provides the reference semantics. Second, a data model, automatically derived from OCRe into XSD, maintains semantic synchrony of the underlying representations while facilitating data acquisition using common XML technologies. Finally, the Query Integrator issues queries distributed over the data, OCRe, and other ontologies such as SNOMED in BioPortal. We report on a demonstration of this infrastructure on data acquired from institutional systems and from ClinicalTrials.gov. PMID:23304360

  17. Ontology-Based Federated Data Access to Human Studies Information

    PubMed Central

    Sim, Ida; Carini, Simona; Tu, Samson W.; Detwiler, Landon T.; Brinkley, James; Mollah, Shamim A.; Burke, Karl; Lehmann, Harold P.; Chakraborty, Swati; Wittkowski, Knut M.; Pollock, Brad H.; Johnson, Thomas M.; Huser, Vojtech

    2012-01-01

    Human studies are one of the most valuable sources of knowledge in biomedical research, but data about their design and results are currently widely dispersed in siloed systems. Federation of these data is needed to facilitate large-scale data analysis to realize the goals of evidence-based medicine. The Human Studies Database project has developed an informatics infrastructure for federated query of human studies databases, using a generalizable approach to ontology-based data access. Our approach has three main components. First, the Ontology of Clinical Research (OCRe) provides the reference semantics. Second, a data model, automatically derived from OCRe into XSD, maintains semantic synchrony of the underlying representations while facilitating data acquisition using common XML technologies. Finally, the Query Integrator issues queries distributed over the data, OCRe, and other ontologies such as SNOMED in BioPortal. We report on a demonstration of this infrastructure on data acquired from institutional systems and from ClinicalTrials.gov. PMID:23304360

  18. 36 CFR 1256.32 - How do I request access to restricted information in donated historical materials?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2011-07-01...false How do I request access to restricted information...Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL...RECORDS ADMINISTRATION PUBLIC AVAILABILITY AND USE ACCESS TO RECORDS AND...

  19. 36 CFR 1256.32 - How do I request access to restricted information in donated historical materials?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2014-07-01...false How do I request access to restricted information...Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL...RECORDS ADMINISTRATION PUBLIC AVAILABILITY AND USE ACCESS TO RECORDS AND...

  20. 36 CFR 1256.32 - How do I request access to restricted information in donated historical materials?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2013-07-01...true How do I request access to restricted information...Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL...RECORDS ADMINISTRATION PUBLIC AVAILABILITY AND USE ACCESS TO RECORDS AND...

  1. 36 CFR 1256.32 - How do I request access to restricted information in donated historical materials?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2012-07-01...false How do I request access to restricted information...Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL...RECORDS ADMINISTRATION PUBLIC AVAILABILITY AND USE ACCESS TO RECORDS AND...

  2. Web Médica Acreditada Guidelines: Reliability and Quality of Health Information on Spanish-Language Websites

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Miquel Angel Mayer; Angela Leis; Ramón Sarrias; Pau Ruíz

    The number of websites providing health information and services on the Internet increases day by day. The quality of these websites is very variable and difficult to assess. There are many self-regulatory initiatives in the English-speaking world to develop quality and ethical standards for health information on the Internet, but few similar Spanish-language initiatives have emerged whilst some studies suggest

  3. Using Shallow Natural Language Processing in a Just-In-Time Information Retrieval Assistant for Bloggers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ang Gaoand; Derek G. Bridge

    2009-01-01

    \\u000a Just-In-Time Information Retrieval agents proactively retrieve information based on queries that are implicit in, and formulated\\u000a from, the user’s current context, such as the blogpost she is writing. This paper compares five heuristics by which queries\\u000a can be extracted from a user’s blogpost or other document. Four of the heuristics use shallow Natural Language Processing\\u000a techniques, such as tagging and

  4. 29 CFR 37.40 - What access to sources of information must grant applicants and recipients provide the Director?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...access to sources of information must grant applicants...basis for withholding information from CRC and will not bar CRC from evaluating or seeking to enforce compliance... (c) Whenever any information that the Director...

  5. Modeling the efficient access of full-text information

    SciTech Connect

    Bernard, M.; Kero, R.; Korp, P.; McCusker-Whiting, M.; Tsur, S. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Dunlap, K.; Johnson, L. [USDOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

    1996-05-01

    The title of this paper describes a research goal set by many offices within US DOE. This paper reviews efficient full-text searching techniques being developed to better understand and meet this goal. Classical computer human interaction (CHI) approaches provided by commercial information retrieval (IR) engines fail to contextualize information in ways that facilitate timely decision making. Use of advanced CHI techniques (eg, visualization) in combination with deductive database technology augment the weaknesses found in presentation capabilities of IR engines and are discussed. Various techniques employed in a Web-based prototype system currently under development are presented.

  6. A Flexible Concept to Establish Accessibility Information in Tourism Web-Pages

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Franz Pühretmair; Wolfram Wöß

    2008-01-01

    Accessible tourism that comprises the market of people with disabilities and elderly travelers is far away from being a niche\\u000a market. Nevertheless it is characterized by missing, insufficient or inaccurate accessibility information on tourism objects.\\u000a The presented approach demonstrates how it is possible to overcome this deficits and how this growing but neglected market\\u000a can be supported. The fundamental idea

  7. Capacities of time-varying multiple-access channels with side information

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Arnab Das; Prakash Narayan

    2002-01-01

    Abstract, We determine the capacity regions for a class of time-varying multiple-access channels (TVMACs), when the underlying channel state evolves in time according to a probability law which is known to the transmitters and the receiver. Additionally, the trans-mitters and the receiver have access to varying degrees of channel state information (CSI) concerning the condition of the channel. Discrete-time channels

  8. Global access to aging information and the gerontology healthy ageing portal.

    PubMed

    Skemp, Lisa E; Ko, Ji Woon; Missen, Cliff; Peterson, Diane

    2011-01-01

    Nursing, gerontology, and information communications technologies are well positioned to influence gerontological health system development by promoting global access to evidence-based best practices that facilitate local access to knowledge. Gerontological nurses, as members of the global community, are encouraged to become partners in promoting active and healthy aging. One mechanism is by participating in the development of a Gerontology Healthy Ageing Portal in the eGranary Digital Library, an "Internet in a Box"™ that provides offline digital resources to institutions and individuals where Internet access is lacking or undependable. PMID:21175111

  9. Database designs for library information access: CEAL Statistics and NAECCO

    E-print Network

    Doll, Vickie

    2002-04-04

    its statistical data electronically for 2000/2001 statistics. The CEAL database stores multiple years and the user can request data according to year, multiple year, institution, and form topic. Constant Categories • Institutional information... form and the statistical survey forms (volume holdings, volume additions, funds, appropriations, personnel, etc.). Variable Annual Data • Statistical data for every participating institution in each category. (Continued) CEAL Annual Statistics...

  10. 19 CFR 351.305 - Access to business proprietary information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...business proprietary information it does not wish to receive from other parties to the proceeding. An applicant must serve an APO application on the other parties by the most expeditious manner possible at the same time that it files the application...

  11. 19 CFR 351.305 - Access to business proprietary information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...business proprietary information it does not wish to receive from other parties to the proceeding. An applicant must serve an APO application on the other parties by the most expeditious manner possible at the same time that it files the application...

  12. 19 CFR 351.305 - Access to business proprietary information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...business proprietary information it does not wish to receive from other parties to the proceeding. An applicant must serve an APO application on the other parties by the most expeditious manner possible at the same time that it files the application...

  13. Public Access to Health Information: A Librarian's Response.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rubin, Rhea Joyce

    1983-01-01

    Provides an individual's response to article by Dr. Paul Kay in the same issue of "RQ" regarding the use of health care information. Patron's health-related needs, the role of the librarian, the reference interview, and bibliotherapy are highlighted. Five references are listed. (EJS)

  14. FACILITATING ACCESS TO ENVIRONMENTAL INFORMATION WITHIN THE USEPA

    EPA Science Inventory

    This document presents an approach for the development of an inventory of environmental information for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. This approach was developed by the Agencys National Center for Environmental Assessment within the Office of Research and Development...

  15. Access and use of information resources by Massachusetts

    SciTech Connect

    West, C.R. [Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection, Boston (United States)

    1990-12-31

    This paper describes the way in which the Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection uses risk assessment to implement the state`s environmental laws. It focuses on the Office of Research and Standards, which was created to provide information on adverse health effects of environmental contaminants, to recommend exposure levels, and to direct and manage research programs.

  16. Searching the Visual Arts: An Analysis of Online Information Access.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brady, Darlene; Serban, William

    1981-01-01

    A search for stained glass bibliographic information using DIALINDEX identified 57 DIALOG files from a variety of subject categories and 646 citations as relevant. Files include applied science, biological sciences, chemistry, engineering, environment/pollution, people, business research, and public affairs. Eleven figures illustrate the search…

  17. IMPERFECT INFORMATION, SOCIAL CAPITAL AND THE POOR'S ACCESS TO CREDIT

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thierry van Bastelaer

    2000-01-01

    The last fifty years have seen the large-scale implementation of financial programs that specifically target the poor. Many such early programs, often implemented by governments, were not able to satisfactorily deal with information uncertainties, and hence resulted in weak incentive structures, heavily bureaucratic and politicized approaches and inevitably low repayment performance. More recently (even though the concept is more than

  18. An Educators' Guide to Information Access across the Internet.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hazari, Sunil

    1994-01-01

    A discussion of tools available for use of the Internet, particularly by college and university educators and students, offers information on use of various services, including electronic mailing list servers, data communications protocols for networking, inter-host connections, file transfer protocol, gopher software, bibliographic searching,…

  19. Accessing Information on the Mars Exploration Rovers Mission

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. D. Walton; J. A. Schreiner

    2005-01-01

    In January 2004, the Mars Exploration Rovers (MER) mission successfully deployed two robotic geologists - Spirit and Opportunity - to opposite sides of the red planet. Onboard each rover is an array of cameras and scientific instruments that send data back to Earth, where ground-based systems process and store the information. During the height of the mission, a team of

  20. Specialised Information and Global Interdependence Problems of Concentration and Access.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Brien, Rita Cruise

    Suggestions for strengthening information sharing and expertise are needed, especially in view of the establishment of new organizational capacities for economic and technical cooperation by developing countries in the southern hemisphere. In the immediate future, the bargaining capacity of countries will be weakened by the lack of initiative by…

  1. An Information Access Model at a Distant Branch Library

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stratton, John M.

    2004-01-01

    Academic branch libraries located at a distance from the parent institution often face unique challenges in meeting users' needs for scholarly information. This is especially true for distant branch libraries that do not have a specialized function or collection, but who often face the challenge of meeting users' needs for scholarly materials…

  2. The Americans with Disabilities Act and Information Technology Access

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Phyllis Mondak

    2000-01-01

    Advances in information technology have created new employment opportunities for individuals with disabilities. The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 and other pieces of federal legislation have mandated the provision of reasonable accommodations, including assistive technology, to all individuals who might benefit from them. This article reviews the requirements of relevant legislation, describes various ways in which assistive technology can

  3. The Status of Information Processing Models of Language

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Morton

    1981-01-01

    An introduction is given to the nature of information processing models in psychology. It is then claimed that, so far as cognitive and linguistic processes are concerned, there are no practical constraints from biology into psychological theory. Exceptions to this principle may be found where there is a precise one-one mapping of psychological and biological units. However, the study of

  4. Improving access to computer-based library and drug information services in patient-care areas.

    PubMed

    Tobia, R C; Bierschenk, N F; Knodel, L C; Bowden, V M

    1990-01-01

    A project to increase access to drug and biomedical information through electronic linkage of drug information and library services to three patient-care areas is described. In February 1987, microcomputer work stations were installed in the Bexar County Hospital District's hospital emergency department, medical residents' office, and ambulatory-care clinic, as well as in The University of Texas Health Science Center's library reference area and drug information service office. Drug information was available on compact disk through the Micromedex Computerized Clinical Information System (CCIS) database, which includes DRUGDEX, POISINDEX, EMERGINDEX, and IDENTIDEX. Each work station was also connected to the library's computer via modem, allowing access to the Library Information System, books, journals, audiovisual materials, miniMEDLINE, and an electronic mail system. During the six-month project, the system was used 5487 times by 702 people. The system was successful in providing drug and other information in clinical settings and in introducing clinical staff members to new information technology. To increase access to the system after the project ended, the CD-ROM version was discontinued, and the distributed tape version of CCIS for VAX computers was added to the library's online information system, making drug information more available throughout the campus and teaching hospitals. In 1988-89 an average of 200 people accessed the tape version of CCIS each month. Although it is difficult to replace the convenience of an onsite library, at least some drug and biomedical information needs in the clinical setting can be met through computer networking. PMID:2405657

  5. Preventing Information Leakage in Mobile Applications with Object-Oriented Access Control Lists and Security Monitor Encapsulation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shiow-yang Wu; Shih-chien Chou

    2009-01-01

    We propose a model and associated algorithms for information flow control to pre- vent information leakage in mobile computing environments. The model employs access control lists and encapsulated security monitoring techniques under a fully object-oriented framework. We show that our model prevents unauthorized direct access to sensitive information from a mobile user to the server, as well as any at-

  6. 10 CFR 727.5 - What acknowledgment and consent is required for access to information on DOE computers?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...required for access to information on DOE computers? 727.5 Section 727.5 Energy...TO INFORMATION ON DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY COMPUTERS § 727.5 What acknowledgment and...required for access to information on DOE computers? An individual may not be...

  7. 10 CFR 727.5 - What acknowledgment and consent is required for access to information on DOE computers?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...required for access to information on DOE computers? 727.5 Section 727.5 Energy...TO INFORMATION ON DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY COMPUTERS § 727.5 What acknowledgment and...required for access to information on DOE computers? An individual may not be...

  8. 10 CFR 727.5 - What acknowledgment and consent is required for access to information on DOE computers?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...required for access to information on DOE computers? 727.5 Section 727.5 Energy...TO INFORMATION ON DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY COMPUTERS § 727.5 What acknowledgment and...required for access to information on DOE computers? An individual may not be...

  9. 77 FR 70970 - Accessible Emergency Information, and Apparatus Requirements for Emergency Information and Video...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-28

    ...FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 79 [MB...Implementation of the Twenty-First Century Communications and Video Accessibility Act of 2010 AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION:...

  10. 78 FR 31800 - Accessible Emergency Information, and Apparatus Requirements for Emergency Information and Video...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-24

    ...FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 79 [MB...Implementation of the Twenty-First Century Communications and Video Accessibility Act of 2010 AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION:...

  11. Subscriber access provided by -Access paid by the | UCSF Library Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling is published by the American

    E-print Network

    Sali, Andrej

    #12;2 ABSTRACT Applications in structural biology and medicinal chemistry require proteinSubscriber access provided by - Access paid by the | UCSF Library Journal of Chemical Information site may not include all articles that will be published in the journal. After a manuscript

  12. Technology-Assisted Patient Access to Clinical Information: An Evaluation Framework for Blue Button

    PubMed Central

    Nazi, Kim M; Luger, Tana M; Amante, Daniel J; Smith, Bridget M; Barker, Anna; Shimada, Stephanie L; Volkman, Julie E; Garvin, Lynn; Simon, Steven R; Houston, Thomas K

    2014-01-01

    Background Patient access to clinical information represents a means to improve the transparency and delivery of health care as well as interactions between patients and health care providers. We examine the movement toward augmenting patient access to clinical information using technology. Our analysis focuses on “Blue Button,” a tool that many health care organizations are implementing as part of their Web-based patient portals. Objective We present a framework for evaluating the effects that technology-assisted access to clinical information may have on stakeholder experiences, processes of care, and health outcomes. Methods A case study of the United States Department of Veterans Affairs' (VA) efforts to make increasing amounts of clinical information available to patients through Blue Button. Drawing on established collaborative relationships with researchers, clinicians, and operational partners who are engaged in the VA’s ongoing implementation and evaluation efforts related to Blue Button, we assessed existing evidence and organizational practices through key informant interviews, review of documents and other available materials, and an environmental scan of published literature and the websites of other health care organizations. Results Technology-assisted access to clinical information represents a significant advance for VA patients and marks a significant change for the VA as an organization. Evaluations of Blue Button should (1) consider both processes of care and outcomes, (2) clearly define constructs of focus, (3) examine influencing factors related to the patient population and clinical context, and (4) identify potential unintended consequences. Conclusions The proposed framework can serve as a roadmap to guide subsequent research and evaluation of technology-assisted patient access to clinical information. To that end, we offer a series of related recommendations. PMID:24675395

  13. Extracting information from S-curves of language change.

    PubMed

    Ghanbarnejad, Fakhteh; Gerlach, Martin; Miotto, José M; Altmann, Eduardo G

    2014-12-01

    It is well accepted that adoption of innovations are described by S-curves (slow start, accelerating period and slow end). In this paper, we analyse how much information on the dynamics of innovation spreading can be obtained from a quantitative description of S-curves. We focus on the adoption of linguistic innovations for which detailed databases of written texts from the last 200 years allow for an unprecedented statistical precision. Combining data analysis with simulations of simple models (e.g. the Bass dynamics on complex networks), we identify signatures of endogenous and exogenous factors in the S-curves of adoption. We propose a measure to quantify the strength of these factors and three different methods to estimate it from S-curves. We obtain cases in which the exogenous factors are dominant (in the adoption of German orthographic reforms and of one irregular verb) and cases in which endogenous factors are dominant (in the adoption of conventions for romanization of Russian names and in the regularization of most studied verbs). These results show that the shape of S-curve is not universal and contains information on the adoption mechanism. PMID:25339692

  14. UNDERTAKING REGARDING CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION As an employee of Queen's University, who has access to information in the PeopleSoft Finance

    E-print Network

    Abolmaesumi, Purang

    UNDERTAKING REGARDING CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION As an employee of Queen's University, who has access to information in the PeopleSoft Finance system that is of a personal and confidential nature, such access may. All personal and confidential information must be protected to ensure maintenance of full

  15. Using geographic information systems to simulate patient access areas.

    PubMed

    Doi, Shunsuke; Inoue, Takashi; Ide, Hiroo; Nakamura, Toshihito; Fujita, Shinsuke; Suzuki, Takahiro; Takabayashi, Katsuhiko

    2014-01-01

    We constructed a simulation model with a geographic information system (GIS) to predict the future shortage of beds in the Tokyo Metropolitan Area. With a grid square method, we calculated patient numbers for every 500 square meters of the Tokyo Metropolitan Area until 2040 and estimated whether those in need could be admitted to hospitals within an hour's drive from their homes. The simulation demonstrates that after 2025 many patients may not be able to find hospitals within this time framework. The situation will be especially serious in the center of Tokyo and along the railway lines, where many senior citizens reside. We can now apply this innovative GIS method in many fields and especially for the precise estimation of future demands for and supply of medical assistance. PMID:25160363

  16. Facilitating physicians' access to information via tailored text summarization.

    PubMed

    Elhadad, Noemie; McKeown, Kathleen; Kaufman, David; Jordan, Desmond

    2005-01-01

    We have developed a summarization system, TAS (Technical Article Summarizer), which, when provided with a patient record and journal articles returned by a search, automatically generates a summary that is tailored to the patient characteristics. We hypothesize that a personalized summary will allow a physician to more quickly find information relevant to patient care. In this paper, we present a user study in which subjects carried out a task under three different conditions: using search results only, using a generic summary and search results, and using a personalized summary with search results. Our study demonstrates that subjects do a better job on task completion with the personalized summary, and show a higher level of satisfaction, than under other conditions. PMID:16779035

  17. Experiments in cross-language medical information retrieval using a mixing translation module.

    PubMed

    Tran, Tuan D; Garcelon, Nicolas; Burgun, Anita; Le Beux, Pierre

    2004-01-01

    Given the ever-increasing scale and diversity of medical literature widely published in English on the Internet, improving the performance of information retrieval by cross-language is an urgent research objective. Cross-language medical information retrieval (CLMIR) consists of providing a query in one language and searching medical document collections in one or more different languages. Our users of CLMIR are users who are able to read biomedical texts in English, but have difficulty formulating English queries. This paper proposes a French/English CLMIR system as a mixing model for supporting the retrieval of English medical documents. Methods fall into the category of query translation approach in which we use a hybrid machine translation that combines a pattern-based module with a rule-based translator and includes three steps from pre- to- post-translation. In parallel to this hybrid machine translation, we use multilingual UMLS Methasaurus as a complementary translator. The results show that using a mixing translation module outperforms machine translation-based method and thesaurus-based method used separately. PMID:15360952

  18. Language for content description, sharing, and retrieval of distributed multimedia information

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Park, Youngchoon; Golshani, Forouzan; Panchanathan, Sethuraman

    1999-12-01

    There has been significant progress in the area of content- based still image retrieval systems. However, most of the existing visual information management system use static feature analysis models decided by database implementers based on their heuristics, and use indexing oriented data modeling techniques. In other words, such systems have limitations of areas including scalability, extensibility and adaptability. In this paper, we will attempt to resolve the problems that surface in content modeling, description and sharing of distributed heterogeneous multimedia information. A language; named UCDL, for heterogenous multimedia content description is presented to resolve the related problem. The resulting UCDL facilitates a formal content modeling and description method for complex multimedia content and the exchange of heterogeneous content information. The proposed language has several advantages. For instance, an individual user can easily create audio-visual descriptions by using a library of automated tools. Users can perform automated testing of content description becomes implementation independent, thus offering portability across a number of applications for authoring tools to database management systems. Users can have personalized retrieval view through content filtering, and can easily share the heterogeneous content descriptions of various information sources. In addition, the proposed language can be a part of MPEG-7 DDL.

  19. SecureUML: A UML-Based Modeling Language for Model-Driven Security

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Torsten Lodderstedt; David A. Basin; Jürgen Doser

    2002-01-01

    Abstract We present a modeling language for the model - driven development of secure, distributed systems based on the Unified Modeling Language (UML) Our approach is based on role - based access control with additional support for specifying authorization constraints We show how UML can be used to spec - ify information related to access control in the overall design

  20. Environmental Information Management For Data Discovery and Access System

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Giriprakash, P.

    2011-01-01

    Mercury is a federated metadata harvesting, search and retrieval tool based on both open source software and software developed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. It was originally developed for NASA, and the Mercury development consortium now includes funding from NASA, USGS, and DOE. A major new version of Mercury was developed during 2007 and released in early 2008. This new version provides orders of magnitude improvements in search speed, support for additional metadata formats, integration with Google Maps for spatial queries, support for RSS delivery of search results, and ready customization to meet the needs of the multiple projects which use Mercury. For the end users, Mercury provides a single portal to very quickly search for data and information contained in disparate data management systems. It collects metadata and key data from contributing project servers distributed around the world and builds a centralized index. The Mercury search interfaces then allow ! the users to perform simple, fielded, spatial and temporal searches across these metadata sources. This centralized repository of metadata with distributed data sources provides extremely fast search results to the user, while allowing data providers to advertise the availability of their data and maintain complete control and ownership of that data.