Note: This page contains sample records for the topic language information access from Science.gov.
While these samples are representative of the content of Science.gov,
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Last update: November 12, 2013.
1

Supporting Access to Consumer Health Information Across Languages  

Microsoft Academic Search

Access to high-quality online consumer health information is frequently a barrier for non-English speakers and speakers of English as a foreign language. One strategy is to leverage existing English- language systems. In this case study, we present mechanisms developed, designed, and implemented to support access by Spanish speakers to ClinicalTrials.gov. First, we briefly introduce the underlying cross-language information retrieval (CLIR)

Graciela Rosemblat; Tony Tse; Darren Gemoets; John E. Gillen; Nicholas C. Ide

2

BRIDJE over a language barrier: cross-language information access by integrating translation and retrieval  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes two new features of the BRIDJE system for cross-language information access. The first feature is the partial disambiguation function of the Bi-directional Retriever, which can be used for search request translation in cross-language IR. Its advantage over a \\

Tetsuya Sakai; Makoto Koyama; Masaru Suzuki; Akira Kumano; Toshihiko Manabe

2003-01-01

3

Exploring the Further Integration of Machine Translation in English-Chinese Cross Language Information Access  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: This paper seeks to examine the further integration of machine translation technologies with cross language information access in providing web users the capabilities of accessing information beyond language barriers. Machine translation and cross language information access are related technologies, and yet they have their own unique…

Wu, Dan; He, Daqing

2012-01-01

4

Language-Sites: Accessing and Presenting Language Resources via Geographic Information Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The emerging area of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) has proven to add an interesting dimension to many research projects. Within the language-sites initiative we have brought together a broad range of links to digital language corpora and resources. Via Google Earth's visually appealing 3D-interface users can spin the globe, zoom into an area they are interested in and access directly

Dieter Van Uytvanck; Alex Dukers; Jacquelijn Ringersma; Paul Trilsbeek

2008-01-01

5

Multilingual human-computer interactions: from information access to language learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes our recent work in developing multilingual conversational systems that support human-computer interactions. Our approach is based on the premise that a common semantic rep- resentation can be extracted from the input for all languages, at least within the context of restricted domains. In our design of such sys- tems, language dependent information is separated from the system

Victor Zue; Stephanie Seneff; Joseph Polifroni; Helen M. Meng; James R. Glass

1996-01-01

6

Listen-Communicate-Show (LCS): Spoken Language Command of Agent-Based Remote Information Access.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Listen-Communicate-Show (LCS) is a new paradigm for human interaction with data sources. We integrate a spoken language understanding system with intelligent mobile agents that mediate between users and information sources. We have built and will demonstr...

B. Bell J. J. Daniels

2001-01-01

7

Machine Translation for Information Access across the Language Barrier: the MuST System  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we describe the design and implementation of MuST, a multilingual information retrieval, summarization, and translation system. MuST integrates machine translation and other text processing services to enable users to perform cross-language information retrieval using available search services such as commercial Internet search engines. To handle non-standard languages, a new Internet indexing agent can be deployed, specialized local

Chin-Yew Lin

1999-01-01

8

Human Language Technology and Its Role in Information Access and Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

The role of linguistics in information access, extraction and dissemination is essential. Radical changes in the techniques of information and communication at the end of the twentieth century have had a significant effect on the function of the linguistic paradigm and its applications in all forms of communication. The introduction of new technical means have deeply changed the possibilities for

Widad Mustafa el Hadi

2003-01-01

9

Evaluation of a computational description model of Libras (Brazilian Sign Language): Bridging the gap towards information access  

Microsoft Academic Search

r Abstract - Brazilian Sign Language (Libras) is a complete linguistic system the deaf use for their communication, education, literacy needs. Information Systems fail to support such endeavors mostly due to limitations and inadequacies in using sign languages, thus precluding the deaf from social inclusion and citizenship. A computational model to describe the sign languages is needed to build effective

Cayley Guimaraes; Diego R. Antunes; Daniela F. G. Trindade; Rafaella A. L. Silva; Laura S. Garcia; Sueli Fernandes

2011-01-01

10

MENELAS: an access system for medical records using natural language  

Microsoft Academic Search

The overall goal of Menelas is to provide better access to the information contained in natural language patient discharge summaries, through the design and implementation of a pilot system able to access medical reports through natural languages. A first, experimental version of the Menelas indexing prototype for French has been assembled. Its function is to encode free text PDSs into

Pierre Zweigenbaum

1994-01-01

11

Tacit and accessible understanding of language  

Microsoft Academic Search

The empirical nature of our understanding of language is explored. I first show that there are several important and different distinctions between tacit and accessible awareness. I then present empirical evidence concerning our understand- ing of language. The data suggests that our awareness of sentence-meanings is some- times merely tacit according to one of these distinctions, but is accessible according

Kent Johnson

2007-01-01

12

Language nonselective lexical access in bilingual toddlers.  

PubMed

We examined how words from bilingual toddlers' second language (L2) primed recognition of related target words in their first language (L1). On critical trials, prime-target word pairs were either (a) phonologically related, with L2 primes overlapped phonologically with L1 target words [e.g., slide (L2 prime)-Kleid (L1 target, "dress")], or (b) phonologically related through translation, with L1 translations of L2 primes rhymed with the L1 target words [e.g., leg (L2 prime, L1 translation, "Bein")-Stein (L1 target, "stone"). Evidence of facilitated target recognition in the phonological priming condition suggests language nonselective access but not necessarily lexical access. However, a late interference effect on target recognition in the phonological priming through translation condition provides evidence for language nonselective lexical access: The L2 prime (leg) could influence L1 target recognition (Stein) in this condition only if both the L2 prime (leg) and its L1 translation ("Bein") were concurrently activated. In addition, age- and gender-matched monolingual toddler controls showed no difference between conditions, providing further evidence that the results with bilingual toddlers were driven by cross-language activation. The current study, therefore, presents the first-ever evidence of cross-talk between the two languages of bilinguals even as they begin to acquire fluency in their second language. PMID:22980955

Von Holzen, Katie; Mani, Nivedita

2012-09-11

13

South Florida Information Access  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The South Florida Information Access (SOFIA) is part of the United States Geological Survey (USGS) place-based studies program. The program enables the USGS to assist resource managers in resolving environmental problems in ecosystem sites. This website provides the latest news, fact sheets, reports, poster presentations, a data exchange, and science forum regarding South Florida ecosystems. Florida time scales and geologic maps are provided for background information. The site is searchable, or can be browsed by region, program, or subject such as wildlife, ecosystem information, hydrology, and geochemistry.

14

Managing Information Resources for Accessibility.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook presents guidance for federal managers and other personnel who are unfamiliar with the policy and practice of information accessibility to accommodate users with disabilities and to provide for their effective access to information resources. It addresses federal requirements for accessibility, adopting accessibility as a sound…

General Services Administration, Washington, DC. Clearinghouse on Computer Accommodation.

15

Lipl: Linear Information Processing Language.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This memorandum is a supplement to the 'Information Processing Language-V Manual,' detailing a new alternate format in which (Information Processing Language) routines and data can be represented. Specifically, LIPL (Linear IPL) is a horizontal, linear, p...

R. Dupchak

1965-01-01

16

NASA Access Mechanism - Graphical User Interface Information Retrieval System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Access to online information sources of aerospace, scientific, and engineering data, a mission focus for NASA's Scientific and Technical Information Program, has always been limited by factors such as telecommunications, query language syntax, lack of sta...

J. Hunter D. Duncan C. Generous

1993-01-01

17

NASA Access Mechanism: Graphical User Interface Information Retrieval System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Access to online information sources of aerospace, scientific, and engineering data, a mission focus for NASA's Scientific and Technical Information Program, has always been limited to factors such as telecommunications, query language syntax, lack of sta...

J. Hunter C. Generous D. Duncan

1993-01-01

18

Managing Self-Access Language Learning: Principles and Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper is based on a research project looking at the management of self-access language learning (SALL) from the perspective of the managers of self-access centres. It looks at the factors which influence the practice of seven managers of self-access language learning in tertiary institutions in Hong Kong. The discussion centres around five…

Gardner, David; Miller, Lindsay

2011-01-01

19

Electronic Information: Options for Access.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses three electronic information formats: CD-ROM, tape loads, and online hosts; reviews some of the hardware platforms used for accessing information in these formats; and discusses some of the issues involved in interconnecting computer systems to increase access to electronic collections. (Author)|

Pesch, Oliver

1994-01-01

20

In English and en Español?: Language Accessibility of County Websites  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the response of U.S. county government websites to language diversity among county residents. Employing a survey of county websites and U.S. Census data, our findings reflect a general lack of Spanish language accessibility. The study finds that population size and proportion of Spanish-speaking population do not positively impact county website Spanish language accessibility. Border states from California

J. S. McDonald; Gerald A. Merwin; Keith A. Merwin; Regina K. Morris; Edris L. Brannen

2011-01-01

21

Accessibility of Outdated Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2 previous studies (O'Brien, Rizzella, Albrecht, & Halleran, 1998; Zwaan & Madden, 2004), researchers have provided conflicting accounts about whether outdated information continues to influence the comprehension of subsequent text. The current set of experiments was designed to explore further the impact of outdated information on…

O'Brien, Edward J.; Cook, Anne E.; Gueraud, Sabine

2010-01-01

22

Language Evolution and Information Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper places models of language evolution within the framework of information theory. We study how signals become associated with meaning. If there is a probability of mistaking signals for each other, then evolution leads to an error limit: increasing the number of signals does not increase the fitness of a language beyond a certain limit. This error limit can

JOSHUA B. PLOTKIN; MARTIN A. NOWAK

2000-01-01

23

Language Nonselective Lexical Access in Bilingual Toddlers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We examined how words from bilingual toddlers' second language (L2) primed recognition of related target words in their first language (L1). On critical trials, prime-target word pairs were either (a) phonologically related, with L2 primes overlapped phonologically with L1 target words [e.g., "slide" (L2 prime)-"Kleid" (L1 target, "dress")], or…

Von Holzen, Katie; Mani, Nivedita

2012-01-01

24

Mapping Language for Information Integration  

Microsoft Academic Search

An essential matter in heterogeneous database integration is the mapping process. In this report we present a mapping language for information integration under a common knowledge representation model (LAV approach). Based on particular requirements for a sufficient quality of information integra- tion to be achieved, we present the most common cases of heterogeneity en- countered in a wide sample of

Haridimos Kondylakis; Martin Doerr; Dimitris Plexousakis

25

Language-Learning: The Importance of Access to Community.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses an ethnographic study that followed cohorts of English-as-Second-Language learners enrolled in mainstream Canadian classrooms in kindergarten through Grade 2. Examines classroom practices that appear to offer participants access to the linguistic resources of their community and those in which participants appear to have limited access

Toohey, Kelleen; Day, Elaine

1999-01-01

26

A Simulation Access Language and Framework For Project Management Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary As computer programs become ever more complex, software development has shifted from focusing on programming towards focusing on integration. This paper describes a simulation access language (SimAL) that can be used to access and compose software applications over the Internet. Specifically, the framework is developed for the integration of tools for project management applications. The infrastructure allows users to

Jinxing Cheng; Gloria T. Lau; Kincho H. Law

2004-01-01

27

SOFIA: South Florida Information Access  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

One of the US Geological Survey's Ecosystem Programs, the South Florida Ecosystem Program is an intergovernmental effort "to reestablish and maintain the ecosystem of south Florida," including the region's water regime, hydrology, and geochemical and biological processes. To restore south Florida's ecosystems, the Program relies on the collaboration of over a dozen agencies, and information is disseminated via SOFIA, the South Florida Information Access Website. At the site, users will find background information, proposed and current research programs, links to collaborating agencies, publications, and data.

28

Improving Immigrants' Access to Public Services in the United States: Language Access Policy and Policy Implementation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Language access mandates in the USA, which require that governmental services be provided in any needed language, have been largely ignored since their first enacting. However, the past decade has seen an increase in the number of national, state, and local efforts to accommodate limited English-proficient individuals. This article provides an…

Sperling, Jessica

2009-01-01

29

Mining foreign language information resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

Competitive intelligence in a global economy demands information on technological developments reported in languages other than English. This paper provides early results of an effort to mine foreign text sources. It compares French- and English-based profiles of “combustion control” systems technology development based on one Pascal database search set

Robert J. Watts; Alan L. Porter

1999-01-01

30

Directly Accessible Mainstream Graphical Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Plain text in well-authored electronic documents of nearly any format is accessible to a blind person who knows how to use\\u000a a computer and screen reader. A great deal of common information is generally not presented as plain text however. Charts,\\u000a diagrams, and graphs are common in business, scientific, and most professional literature. Maps and geographically-oriented\\u000a data such as weather

John A. Gardner; Vladimir L. Bulatov

2004-01-01

31

Biomedical information retrieval across languages.  

PubMed

This work presents a new dictionary-based approach to biomedical cross-language information retrieval (CLIR) that addresses many of the general and domain-specific challenges in current CLIR research. Our method is based on a multilingual lexicon that was generated partly manually and partly automatically, and currently covers six European languages. It contains morphologically meaningful word fragments, termed subwords. Using subwords instead of entire words significantly reduces the number of lexical entries necessary to sufficiently cover a specific language and domain. Mediation between queries and documents is based on these subwords as well as on lists of word-n-grams that are generated from large monolingual corpora and constitute possible translation units. The translations are then sent to a standard Internet search engine. This process makes our approach an effective tool for searching the biomedical content of the World Wide Web in different languages. We evaluate this approach using the OHSUMED corpus, a large medical document collection, within a cross-language retrieval setting. PMID:17541863

Daumke, Philipp; Markü, Kornél; Poprat, Michael; Schulz, Stefan; Klar, Rüdiger

2007-06-01

32

Bringing natural language information retrieval out of the closet  

Microsoft Academic Search

A prototype information retrieval system was developed that gives users fast and easy access to textual information. This system uses a statistical ranking methodology that allows a user to input a query using only natural language, such as a sentence or a noun phrase, with no special syntax required. The system returns a set of text titles or descriptions, ranked

Donna Harman; Gerald Candela

1990-01-01

33

Information system constraint language (ISyCL)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes a constraint language designed to serve as a Neutral Information Representation Scheme (NIRS) tying together model languages, procedural programming languages, database languages, transaction and process languages, as well as knowledge representation and reasoning control languages for information system specification. In one of its primary roles, the Information System Constraint Language (ISyCL) serves to augment the expressive power of existing systems engineering methods supported by a graphical languages. ISyCL is designed to be both powerful as a constraint language for completed information systems specification and easy to use by the various classes of users involved in information systems development. Expressive power is imparted to the language through the use of first-order predicate logic and set-theoretic constructs which provide the theoretical foundations of the language. Ease of use is promoted by providing layers within the language, ranging from natural language expressions to precise programming constructs, which shield users form unnecessary detail and complexity as dictated by their role in systems development.

Decker, Louis P.; Mayer, Richard J.

1992-09-01

34

Media, Information Technology, and Language Planning: What Can Endangered Language Communities Learn from Created Language Communities?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The languages of Klingon and Na'vi, both created for media, are also languages that have garnered much media attention throughout the course of their existence. Speakers of these languages also utilize social media and information technologies, specifically websites, in order to learn the languages and then put them into practice. While teaching…

Schreyer, Christine

2011-01-01

35

Open access for the non-English-speaking world: overcoming the language barrier  

Microsoft Academic Search

This editorial highlights the problem of language barrier in scientific communication in spite of the recent success of Open Access Movement. Four options for English-language journals to overcome the language barrier are suggested: 1) abstracts in alternative languages provided by authors, 2) Wiki open translation, 3) international board of translator-editors, and 4) alternative language version of the journal. The Emerging

Isaac C-H Fung

2008-01-01

36

Examining Language of Information Books for Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In recent years, inclusion of information books in early childhood centers is well-advised since children show fast developing knowledge of information book language and enjoy reading those books. The aim of the current study is to discuss features of information books' language by examining the illustrations and texts of randomly selected 15…

Inan, Hatice Zeynep

2010-01-01

37

Accessibility perspectives on enabling South African sign language in the South African national accessibility portal  

Microsoft Academic Search

Persons with disabilities are often marginalised from economy and society due to the lack of access to disability related information and services. Through the use of assistive technologies access to the information and services can often be obtained e.g. a visually impaired user using a screen reader. The Deaf however, cannot use such technology to break the barrier because of

Louis Coetzee; Guillaume J.-L. Olivrin; Ilse Viviers

2009-01-01

38

English Language Learners' Access to and Attainment in Postsecondary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although English language learners (ELLs) are currently the fastest-growing group among the school-age population in the United States, there is surprisingly little information on their participation in postsecondary education. Using the National Education Longitudinal Study of 1988 (NELS:88), a nationally representative sample of eighth graders…

Kanno, Yasuko; Cromley, Jennifer G.

2013-01-01

39

Information Access through Conceptual Structures and GIS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a new technique for information access based on a combination of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and conceptual structures as modeled in relational concept analysis. Describes a graphical interface that allows access of spatial, hierarchical, and linear data in a common manner; discusses its features and limits. (Author/AEF)

Priss, Uta; Old, John

1998-01-01

40

Information Access for Youth: Issues and Concerns  

Microsoft Academic Search

ALTHOUGH THE LIBRARY COMMUNITY advocates unrestricted access to resources for all, professional practices illustrate that librarians restrict access for youth. Librarians justify these restrictions based on assump- tions about youth and information. Some librarians assume that youth do not have the same need for information that adults have. Children and youth are not assumed to be a valid part of

FRANCES M. MCDONALD

41

Locally accessible information and distillation of entanglement  

SciTech Connect

A different type of complementarity relation is found between locally accessible information and final average entanglement for a given ensemble. It is also shown that in some well-known distillation protocols, this complementary relation is optimally satisfied. We discuss the interesting trade-off between locally accessible information and distillable entanglement for some states.

Ghosh, Sibasish [Department of Computer Science, University of York, Heslington, York, YO10 (United Kingdom); Joag, Pramod [Department of Physics, University of Pune, Ganeshkhind, Pune 411 007 (India); Kar, Guruprasad; Kunkri, Samir [Physics and Applied Mathematics Unit, Indian Statistical Institute, 203, B.T. Road, Kolkata 700 108 (India); Roy, Anirban [Institute of Mathematical Sciences, CIT Campus, Taramani, Chennai 600 113 (India)

2005-01-01

42

Big Brother Is Helping You: Supporting Self-Access Language Learning with a Student Monitoring System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Self-access and language advising are relatively recent and increasingly common types of language support offered in schools and tertiary institutions around the world. There is a great deal of anecdotal support for the positive contribution of such support to student learning. Self-access and language advising hold strong potential as…

Reinders, Hayo

2007-01-01

43

Patients' access to personal health information.  

PubMed

Four physicians comment on an issue paper from the Department of Health and Social Security about provisions of the Data Protection Act that would permit patient access to computerized health records in 1987 unless the Secretary of State rules otherwise. S. Jenkins, a general practitioner, fears that patient access would refocus the record on the doctor's best interests rather than the patient's. C.J. Dickinson, a medical professor, welcomes access as fostering trust. M.A. Heasman, a health administrator, opposes unrestricted access but urges physicians to reveal more to patients. B.W. Ellis, a consultant surgeon, holds that patients have a right to see their records, subject to physician discretion in disclosing information to the patient's general practitioner or other third party. An interprofessional working group's "Statement on subject access to personal health information" rejects unrestricted access lest it inhibit health professionals from recording sensitive data. PMID:3081093

Jenkins, S; Dickinson, C J; Heasman, M A; Ellis, B W

1986-01-25

44

A general language model for information retrieval  

Microsoft Academic Search

Statistical language modeling has been successfully used for speech recognition, part-of-speech tagging, and syntactic parsing. Recently, it has also been applied to information retrieval. According to this new paradigm, each document is viewed as a language sample, and a query as a generation process. The retrieved documents are ranked based on the probabilities of producing a query from the corresponding

Fei Song; W. Bruce Croft

1999-01-01

45

Natural Language Information Retrieval: TREC-3 Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In this paper we report on the recent developments in NYU's natural language information retrieval system, especially as related to the 3rd Text Retrieval Conference 'TREC-3'. The main characteristic of this system is the use of advanced natural language ...

J. P. Carballo M. Marinescu T. Strzalkowski

1994-01-01

46

Natural Language Information Retrieval: TREC4 Report  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT carballo@cs.nyu.edu n this paper we,report on the joint GE\\/NYU natural 4 language information retrieval project as related to the th Text Retrieval Conference (TREC-4). The main - i thrust of this project is to use natural language process ng techniques to enhance,the effectiveness of full-text T

Tomek Strzalkowski; Jose Perez Carballo

1995-01-01

47

Natural Language Information Retrieval: TREC-4 Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In this paper we report on the joint GE/NYU natural language information retrieval project as related to the 4th Text Retrieval Conference 'TREC-4'. The main thrust of this project is to use natural language processing techniques to enhance the effectiven...

J. P. Carballo T. Strzalkowski

1995-01-01

48

Natural Language Information Retrieval: TREC3 Report  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we report on the recent developments in NYU's natural language information retrieval system, especially as related to the 3rd Text Retrieval Conference (TREC-3). The main characteristic of this system is the use of advanced natural language processing to enhance the effectiveness of term-based document retrieval. The system is designed around a traditional statistical back- bone consisting of

Tomek Strzalkowski; Jose Perez Carballo; Mihnea Marinescu

1994-01-01

49

Introduction: Natural Language Processing and Information Retrieval.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of research into information and text retrieval problems highlights the work with automatic natural language processing (NLP) that is reported in this issue. Topics discussed include the occurrences of nominal compounds; anaphoric references; discontinuous language constructs; automatic back-of-the-book indexing; and full-text analysis.…

Smeaton, Alan F.

1990-01-01

50

IMPROVING ACCESS TO INFORMATION ABOUT ORD PROJECTS  

EPA Science Inventory

ORD project information is maintained in, and retrieved from, multiple systems and home pages. Not all sources of project information are Intranet accessible. Descriptive information may be abbreviated and not useful in conveying a comprehensive understanding of a project. The m...

51

Data-driven approaches to information access  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper summarizes three lines of research that are motivated by the practical problem of helping users find information from external data sources, most notably computers. The application areas include information retrieval, text categorization, and question answering. A common theme in these applications is that practical information access problems can be solved by analyzing the statistical properties of words in

Susan T. Dumais

2003-01-01

52

Information Accessibility and Cryptic Processes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We give a systematic expansion of the crypticity--a recently introduced measure of the inaccessibility of a stationary process's internal state information. This leads to a hierarchy of k-cryptic processes and allows us to identify finite-state processes that have infinite cryptic order--the internal state information is present across arbitrarily long, observed sequences. The crypticity expansion is exact in both the finite- and infinite-order cases. It turns out that k-crypticity is complementary to the Markovian finite-order property that describes state information in processes. One application of these results is an efficient expansion of the excess entropy--the mutual information between a process's infinite past and infinite future--that is finite and exact for finite-order cryptic processes.

Mahoney, John; Ellison, Chris; Crutchfield, James

2010-03-01

53

Turkish - English cross language information retrieval using LSI  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a study of Turkish-English cross language information retrieval (CLIR) system. One of the biggest issues with CLIR studies is to access to bi-lingual parallel corpus. So, the first step of this study was to construct a parallel Turkish-English corpus. We have constructed a corpus that has 1801 parallel documents. The corpus has been divided in to two

Erbug Celebi; Baturman Sen; Burak Günel

2009-01-01

54

The Harvest Information Discovery and Access System  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is increasingly difficult to make effective use of Internet information, given the rapid growth in data volume, user base, and data diversity. In this paper we introduce Harvest, a sys- tem that provides a scalable, customizable architecture for gathering, indexing, caching, replicat- ing, and accessing Internet information.

C. Mic Bowman; Peter B. Danzig; Darren R. Hardy; Udi Manber; Michael F. Schwartz

1995-01-01

55

The harvest information discovery and access system  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT Itis increasingly difficult to make effective use of Internet information, given the rapid growth in data volume, user base, and data diversity. In this paper we introduce Harvest, a system that provides a scalable, customizable architecture for gathering, indexing, caching, replicating, and accessing Internet information.

C. M. Bowman

1994-01-01

56

The Metadata Approach to Accessing Government Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides an overview of the articles in this issue, includes a history of the development of GILS (Government Information Locator Service), and offers perspectives on the importance of metadata for resource description and resource discovery. Presents interoperability as a challenge in integrating access to government information locator services.…

Moen, William E.

2001-01-01

57

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 15.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service covering published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

58

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Access" is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

59

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|ACCESS is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

60

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 20.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|ACCESS is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

61

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 19.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|ACCESS is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

62

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

63

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 20.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

64

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 17.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

65

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 18.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|ACCESS is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

66

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

67

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

68

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 11.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Access" is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

69

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

70

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 21 .  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

71

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

72

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 18.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

73

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 19.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

74

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

75

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

76

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 21.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|ACCESS is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

77

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1,000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

78

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service covering published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

79

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

80

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

81

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

82

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

83

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

84

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

85

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|ACCESS is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

86

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 22.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

87

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 16.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service covering published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

88

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

89

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Access" is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

90

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 17.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|ACCESS is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

91

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

92

Natural Language Information Retrieval: TREC5 Report  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we report on the joint GE\\/Lockheed Martin\\/Rutgers\\/NYU natural language information retrieval project as related to the 5th Text Retrieval Conference (TREC-5). The main thrust of this project is to use natural language processing techniques to enhance the effectiveness of full-text document retrieval. Since our first TREC entry in 1992 (as NYU team) the basic premise of our

Tomek Strzalkowski; Louise Guthrie; Jussi Karlgren; Jim Leistensnider; Fang Lin; Jose Perez Carballo; Troy Straszheim; Jing Wang; Jon Wilding

1996-01-01

93

Electrophysiological evidence for phonological priming in Spanish Sign Language lexical access.  

PubMed

Interactive activation models of lexical access assume that the presentation of a given word activates not only its lexical representation but also those corresponding to words similar in form. Current theories are based on data from oral and written languages, and therefore signed languages represent a special challenge for existing theories of word recognition and lexical access since they allow us to question what the genuine fundamentals of human language are and what might be modality-specific adaptation. The aim of the present study is to determine the electrophysiological correlates and time course of phonological processing of Spanish Sign Language (LSE). Ten deaf native LSE signers and ten deaf non-native but highly proficient LSE signers participated in the experiment. We used the ERP methodology and form-based priming in the context of a delayed lexical decision task, manipulating phonological overlap (i.e. related prime-target pairs shared either handshape or location parameters). Results showed that both parameters under study modulated brain responses to the stimuli in different time windows. Phonological priming of location resulted in a higher amplitude of the N400 component (300-500 ms window) for signs but not for non-signs. This effect may be explained in terms of initial competition among candidates. Moreover, the fact that a higher amplitude N400 for related pairs was found for signs but not for non-signs points to an effect at the lexical level. Handshape overlap produced a later effect (600-800 ms window). In this window, a more negative-going wave for the related condition than for the unrelated condition was found for non-signs in the native signers group. The findings are discussed in relation to current models of lexical access and word recognition. Finally, differences between native and non-native signers point to a less efficient use of phonological information among the non-native signers. PMID:22401990

Gutiérrez, Eva; Müller, Oliver; Baus, Cristina; Carreiras, Manuel

2012-03-01

94

Meaning first: a case for language-independent access to word meaning in the bilingual brain.  

PubMed

This study aimed to determine how deeply a word is processed in the bilingual brain before the word's language membership plays a role in lexical selection. In two ERP experiments, balanced Spanish-English bilinguals read lists of words and pseudowords in Spanish and English, and performed in each language (1) a language-specific lexical decision task, e.g., respond to real words in Spanish, and (2) a language-specific category decision tasks, e.g., respond to Spanish words that refer to a person. In Experiment 1, infrequent words elicited larger negativity between 350 and 650 ms post-stimulus onset for both target and non-target languages. This indicates that language membership did not block lexical access of non-target words, contrary to previous findings. In Experiment 2, we measured the onset of the target-category P300 as a way of determining if words from the non-target language were temporarily treated as targets. When Spanish was the target language, the ERP waveforms diverged early based on semantic category (people versus non-people), indicating that non-target 'English people' words were briefly treated as potential targets. This finding indicates that meaning was accessed prior to using language membership for lexical selection. However, when English was the target language, the waveforms diverged first based on language (Spanish versus English) then semantic category. We argue that the order in which meaning or language membership are accessed may be based on the frequency of use of a bilingual's languages: the more frequently a language is used (English was more frequently used herein), the faster the words are identified as members of the language, and the greater interference it causes when it is not the target language. In brief, these findings make the case for a moment in processing when language membership matters less than meaning. PMID:23376051

Ng, Shukhan; Wicha, Nicole Y Y

2013-01-31

95

10 CFR 4.33 - Access to sources of information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Access to sources of information. 4.33 Section 4...Information § 4.33 Access to sources of information. Each recipient shall...records, accounts, and other sources of information, and its facilities...

2010-01-01

96

10 CFR 4.33 - Access to sources of information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 false Access to sources of information. 4.33 Section 4...Information § 4.33 Access to sources of information. Each recipient shall...records, accounts, and other sources of information, and its facilities...

2009-01-01

97

VINSIA: visual navigator for surgical information access.  

PubMed

Information access at the point of care presents a different set of requirements than those for traditional search engines. Critical care in remote (e.g., battle field) and rural settings not only requires access to clinical guidelines and medical libraries with surgical precision but also with minimal user effort and time. Our development of a graphical, anatomy-driven navigator called Visual Navigator for Surgical Information Access (VINSIA) fulfills the goal for providing evidence-based clinical decision support, specifically in perioperative and critical care settings, to allow rapid and precise information access through a portable stand-alone system. It comes with a set of unique characteristics: (a) a high precision, interactive visual interface driven by human anatomy; (b) direct linkage of anatomical structures to associated content such as clinical guidelines, literature, and medical libraries; and (c) an administrative content management interface allowing only an accredited, expert-level curator to edit and update the clinical content to ensure accuracy and currency. We believe that the deployment of VINSIA will improve quality, safety, and evidence-based standardization of patient care. PMID:23820348

Luo, Lingyun; Rowbottom, James; Craker, John; Xu, Rong; Zhang, Guo-Qiang

2013-07-01

98

From Interface To Content: Translingual Access And Delivery Of On-Line Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes our initial implementation of a systemto provide world-wide weather information over thetelephone. The information is gathered from several differentsites on the Web, preprocessed, and cached locallyinto a relational database to make access both fast andselective. Our natural language tools, originally developedfor processing user queries, are used here for understandingcontent, and for subsequently translating it intolanguages other than

Victor Zue; Stephanie Seneff; James Glass; Lee Hetherington; Edward Hurley; Helen Meng; Christine Pao; Joseph Polifroni; Rafael Schloming; Philipp Schmid

1996-01-01

99

Information access in a multilingual world: transitioning from research to real-world applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Multilingual Information Access (MLIA) is at a turning point wherein substantial real-world applications are being introduced after fifteen years of research into cross-language information retrieval, question answering, statistical machine translation and named entity recognition. Previous workshops on this topic have focused on research and smallscale applications. The focus of this workshop was on technology transfer from research to applications and

Fredric C. Gey; Jussi Karlgren

2009-01-01

100

User-Centered Indexing for Adaptive Information Access  

Microsoft Academic Search

We are focusing on information access tasks characterized by large volume of hypermedia connected technical documents, a need for rapid and effective access to familiar information, and long-term interaction with evolving information. The problem for technical users is to build and maintain a personalized task-oriented model of the information to quickly access relevant information. We propose a solution which provides

NATHALIE MATI-IE; James R. Chen

1996-01-01

101

21 CFR 1401.4 - Access to information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-04-01 false Access to information. 1401... OFFICE OF NATIONAL DRUG CONTROL POLICY PUBLIC AVAILABILITY OF INFORMATION § 1401.4 Access to information. The Office of National Drug Control Policy makes available...

2013-04-01

102

Relationship-based access control: protection model and policy language  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social Network Systems pioneer a paradigm of access control that is distinct from traditional approaches to access control. Gates coined the term Relationship-Based Access Control (ReBAC) to refer to this paradigm. ReBAC is characterized by the explicit tracking of interpersonal relationships between users, and the expression of access control policies in terms of these relationships. This work explores what it

Philip W. L. Fong

2011-01-01

103

South Florida Information Access: Virtual Tour  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Southern Florida contains some of the most unique landscape and biology in the US. The US Geological Society and Southern Florida Information Access (SOFIA) maintains the South Florida Virtual Tour in hopes of sharing the beauty of the area and promoting its protection. Visitors can tour sixteen areas (e.g., the Everglades and the Florida Keys); view images (still and 360 degree), illustrations, and maps; and read simple but informative descriptions about the landscape and biota. The site is easy to navigate and enjoyable to explore.

104

Seek, and ye shall find: accessing the global epidemiological literature in different languages.  

PubMed

The thematic series 'Beyond English: Accessing the global epidemiological literature' in Emerging Themes in Epidemiology highlights the wealth of epidemiological and public health literature in the major languages of the world, and the bibliographic databases through which they can be searched and accessed. This editorial suggests that all systematic reviews in epidemiology and public health should include literature published in the major languages of the world and that the use of regional and non-English bibliographic databases should become routine. PMID:18826609

Fung, Isaac C H

2008-09-30

105

Conceptual Accessibility and Sentence Production in a Free Word Order Language (Odawa)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The study reported here was conducted in the Algonquian language of Odawa (a.k.a. Ottawa), with the goal of gaining new insight into the ways that conceptual accessibility affects human sentence production. The linguistic characteristics of Odawa are quite different from those found in the languages most often examined by psycholinguists. The…

Christianson, Kiel; Ferreira, Fernanda

2005-01-01

106

Geography Network: Access a World of Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Geography Network is a global community of governmental and commercial data providers who are committed to making geographic content easily accessible. The site provides an extensive collection of maps, searchable by theme (shaded relief, streets, population, rivers, etc.) or geographic area (continents, countries, or U.S. states). It also offers access to a large collection of geographic data, intended for use with geographic information system (GIS) software tools. The Solutions section provides a platform for developers to build custom applications, using Geography Network content, including map services and tools. Solutions currently featured are driving directions and demographic mapping. The Community page offers a discussion forum as well as a map exchange, enabling users to find and share map images with one another.

107

Natural Language Information Retrieval TREC6 Report  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we report on the joint GE\\/Lockheed Martin\\/Rutgers\\/NYU natural language information retrieval projectas related to the 5th Text Retrieval Conference (TREC-5). The main thrust of this project is to use natural languageprocessing techniques to enhance the effectiveness of full-text document retrieval. Since our first TREC entry in 1992(as NYU team) the basic premise of our research was to

Tomek Strzalkowski; Fang Lin; Jose Perez Carballo

1997-01-01

108

Seek, and ye shall find: Accessing the global epidemiological literature in different languages  

Microsoft Academic Search

The thematic series 'Beyond English: Accessing the global epidemiological literature' in Emerging Themes in Epidemiology highlights the wealth of epidemiological and public health literature in the major languages of the world, and the bibliographic databases through which they can be searched and accessed. This editorial suggests that all systematic reviews in epidemiology and public health should include literature published in

Isaac CH Fung

2008-01-01

109

Improving accessibility to web documents for the aurally challenged with sign language animation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we describe how to improve accessibility for the aurally challenged in a web environment, focusing on utilizing a signing avatar for web pages. Many systems were previously proposed to make a web environment more accessible for the deaf people by providing signed expressions, i.e. translating written text into sign language animations and presenting them in a proper

Jin-Woo Chung; Ho-Joon Lee; Jong C. Park

2011-01-01

110

Natural Language Access to a Large Data Base.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report describes the first year's accomplishments toward a natural language system which answers questions about a data base of naval aircraft maintenance and flight data. The system is designed to: Allow a user to ask questions in natural English; pr...

D. L. Waltz

1975-01-01

111

Literacy, Access, and Libraries among the Language Minority Population.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Papers on linguistic minorities and library use include: (1) "Why Consider the Library and Books?" (Stephen Krashen); (2) "Supporting Spanish Language Literacy: Latino Children and School and Community Libraries" (Sandra Pucci); (3) "'I Did Not Know You Could Get Such Things There!': Secondary ESL Students' Understanding, Use and Beliefs…

Constantino, Rebecca, Ed.

112

Rethinking Communicative Language Teaching: A Focus on Access to Fluency  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although most teachers claim to practise communicative language teaching (CLT), many do not genuinely do so. In this paper, we examine some of the reasons for teachers' resistance to CLT use. We provide a theoretical analysis that focuses on one of the greatest challenges facing CLT methodology - how to promote automatic fluency within this framework. We meet this challenge

Elizabeth Gatbonton; Norman Segalowitz

2005-01-01

113

28 CFR 17.41 - Access to classified information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Classified Information § 17.41 Access to classified information. (a) No person may be given access to classified information...the custody, or under the control of the Department, unless the...determined to be eligible for access in accordance with...

2013-07-01

114

Language as Information and the World  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Language attracts everyone on earth. That is because we have and use language. Although there are some minority languages that have limited expressions such as the lack of writing systems in "Aynu itak" and "Shona" languages, they can effectively express their emotion and thought with their languages. In addition, every human being can acquire…

Koga, Kant

2010-01-01

115

When Language Switching has No Apparent Cost: Lexical Access in Sentence Context  

PubMed Central

We report two experiments that investigate the effects of sentence context on bilingual lexical access in Spanish and English. Highly proficient Spanish-English bilinguals read sentences in Spanish and English that included a marked word to be named. The word was either a cognate with similar orthography and/or phonology in the two languages, or a matched non-cognate control. Sentences appeared in one language alone (i.e., Spanish or English) and target words were not predictable on the basis of the preceding semantic context. In Experiment 1, we mixed the language of the sentence within a block such that sentences appeared in an alternating run in Spanish or in English. These conditions partly resemble normally occurring inter-sentential code-switching. In these mixed-language sequences, cognates were named faster than non-cognates in both languages. There were no effects of switching the language of the sentence. In Experiment 2, with Spanish-English bilinguals matched closely to those who participated in the first experiment, we blocked the language of the sentences to encourage language-specific processes. The results were virtually identical to those of the mixed-language experiment. In both cases, target cognates were named faster than non-cognates, and the magnitude of the effect did not change according to the broader context. Taken together, the results support the predictions of the Bilingual Interactive Activation?+?Model (Dijkstra and van Heuven, 2002) in demonstrating that bilingual lexical access is language non-selective even under conditions in which language-specific cues should enable selective processing. They also demonstrate that, in contrast to lexical switching from one language to the other, inter-sentential code-switching of the sort in which bilinguals frequently engage, imposes no significant costs to lexical processing.

Gullifer, Jason W.; Kroll, Judith F.; Dussias, Paola E.

2013-01-01

116

When Language Switching has No Apparent Cost: Lexical Access in Sentence Context.  

PubMed

We report two experiments that investigate the effects of sentence context on bilingual lexical access in Spanish and English. Highly proficient Spanish-English bilinguals read sentences in Spanish and English that included a marked word to be named. The word was either a cognate with similar orthography and/or phonology in the two languages, or a matched non-cognate control. Sentences appeared in one language alone (i.e., Spanish or English) and target words were not predictable on the basis of the preceding semantic context. In Experiment 1, we mixed the language of the sentence within a block such that sentences appeared in an alternating run in Spanish or in English. These conditions partly resemble normally occurring inter-sentential code-switching. In these mixed-language sequences, cognates were named faster than non-cognates in both languages. There were no effects of switching the language of the sentence. In Experiment 2, with Spanish-English bilinguals matched closely to those who participated in the first experiment, we blocked the language of the sentences to encourage language-specific processes. The results were virtually identical to those of the mixed-language experiment. In both cases, target cognates were named faster than non-cognates, and the magnitude of the effect did not change according to the broader context. Taken together, the results support the predictions of the Bilingual Interactive Activation?+?Model (Dijkstra and van Heuven, 2002) in demonstrating that bilingual lexical access is language non-selective even under conditions in which language-specific cues should enable selective processing. They also demonstrate that, in contrast to lexical switching from one language to the other, inter-sentential code-switching of the sort in which bilinguals frequently engage, imposes no significant costs to lexical processing. PMID:23750141

Gullifer, Jason W; Kroll, Judith F; Dussias, Paola E

2013-05-30

117

Language Universalization for Improved Information Management: The Necessity for Esperanto.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses problems for information management in dealing with multilingual documentation. The planned language, Esperanto, is suggested as a universal working language because of its neutrality, rational structure, clarity, and expressive power. (Author/CWM)|

Jones, R. Kent

1978-01-01

118

Trends in Analyzing Access to Information. Part I: Cross-Disciplinary Conceptualizations of Access  

Microsoft Academic Search

Part I of two articles reviews six research literatures that consider access from different vantage points to identify common aspects of the concept `access to information'. The resulting multi-dimensional framework includes (1) conceptualizations of information itself (resource\\/commodity, data in the environment, representation of knowledge and part of the communication process), (2) conceptualizations of the notion of access (knowledge, technology, communication,

Maureen M. Mccreadie; Ronald E. Rice

1999-01-01

119

Exploiting information relationships for access control in pervasive computing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many information services in pervasive computing offer rich information, which is information that includes other types of information. For example, the information listed in a person's calendar entry can reveal information about the person's location or activity. To avoid rich information from leaking its included information, we must consider the semantics of the rich information when controlling access to this

Urs Hengartner; Peter Steenkiste

120

The Dissemination and Accessibility of Canadian Government Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses information agencies and issues that affect the dissemination and accessibility of Canadian government information, including the Canada Communication Group, depository libraries, the National Library, bibliographic control of government information, the Canada Institute for Scientific and Technical Information, Statistics Canada,…

Morton, Bruce; Zink, Steven D.

1992-01-01

121

Integration of language and sensor information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The talk describes the development of basic technologies of intelligent systems fusing data from multiple domains and leading to automated computational techniques for understanding data contents. Understanding involves inferring appropriate decisions and recommending proper actions, which in turn requires fusion of data and knowledge about objects, situations, and actions. Data might include sensory data, verbal reports, intelligence intercepts, or public records, whereas knowledge ought to encompass the whole range of objects, situations, people and their behavior, and knowledge of languages. In the past, a fundamental difficulty in combining knowledge with data was the combinatorial complexity of computations, too many combinations of data and knowledge pieces had to be evaluated. Recent progress in understanding of natural intelligent systems, including the human mind, leads to the development of neurophysiologically motivated architectures for solving these challenging problems, in particular the role of emotional neural signals in overcoming combinatorial complexity of old logic-based approaches. Whereas past approaches based on logic tended to identify logic with language and thinking, recent studies in cognitive linguistics have led to appreciation of more complicated nature of linguistic models. Little is known about the details of the brain mechanisms integrating language and thinking. Understanding and fusion of linguistic information with sensory data represent a novel challenging aspect of the development of integrated fusion systems. The presentation will describe a non-combinatorial approach to this problem and outline techniques that can be used for fusing diverse and uncertain knowledge with sensory and linguistic data.

Perlovsky, Leonid I.; Weijers, Bertus

2003-04-01

122

Language-Independent Informative Topic Segmentation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present an innovative topic segmentation system based on a new informative similarity measure that takes into account word co-occurrence in order to avoid the accessibility to existing linguistic resources such as electronic dictionaries or lexico-semantic databases such as thesauri or ontology. Topic Segmentation is the task of breaking documents into topically coherent multi-paragraph subparts. Topic Segmentation

GAËL DIAS

123

Choice, access, information are among clients' rights.  

PubMed

This general discussion of the importance of respecting client's rights and access to a choice of methods relies on the statements of researchers and family planners from a variety of international and private organizations which reiterate the features of successful programs. The emphasis on client's rights is a change for many programs. The example is given of a clinic in Niger that posts the list of client rights to accessibility, information, education, communication, and freedom of choice. Pressure from international groups focuses on promoting client's informed and voluntary choice of family planning (FP) method, because it assures continuation. Quality of care is directly related to continuation of care. The quality of care framework of Judith Bruce, from the Population Council, identifies the first and most fundamental element in assuring quality of service to be choice of method. The UN assures that contraceptive choice is a basic human right. The International Planned Parenthood (IPPF) Medical and Service Delivery Guidelines proposes 10 client rights; this list of rights has been widely distributed as a poster. IPPF's African director states that contraceptive prevalence is low because of a lack of quality care. Women's rights have been integrated into FP and promoted in the Safe Motherhood Initiative and in the focus of the International Decade for Women, 1975-85. The International Women's Health Coalition, which is an alliance of over 100 women's organizations from 50 countries, has released a "Women's Declaration on Population Policies" at UN headquarters, which calls for provision of reproductive health care, not just technology, for fertility management by women. Policy makers and planners are urged to provide access to wide contraceptive choices, pregnancy care, safe abortion, prevention of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), development of new technology for protection against STDs, and encouragement of men to take responsibility for sexual behavior. Other organizations with a stated commitment to women's rights were indicated as the Population Council, the Bangladesh Women's Health Coalition, WHO FP and Population, the Association for Voluntary Surgical Sterilization, the FP Association of India, Family Health International, and BEMFAM in Brazil. PMID:12345035

Finger, W R

1993-08-01

124

Carpet or Cárcel: The effect of age of acquisition and language mode on bilingual lexical access  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lexical access was examined in English–Spanish bilinguals by monitoring eye fixations on target and lexical competitors as participants followed spoken instructions in English to click on one of the objects presented on a computer (e.g., ‘Click on the beans’). Within-language lexical competitors had a phoneme onset in English that was shared with the target (e.g., ‘beetle’). Between-language lexical competitors had

Enriqueta Canseco-Gonzalez; Laurel Brehm; Cameron A. Brick; Sarah Brown-Schmidt; Kara Fischer; Katie Wagner

2010-01-01

125

Qualitative and Quantitative Measures of Second Language Writing: Potential Outcomes of Informal Target Language Learning Abroad  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This research describes a method applied at a U.S. university in a third-year Russian language course designed to facilitate Advanced and Superior second language writing proficiency through the forum of argumentation and debate. Participants had extensive informal language experience living in a Russian-speaking country but comparatively little…

Brown, N. Anthony; Solovieva, Raissa V.; Eggett, Dennis L.

2011-01-01

126

Information Technology Access: Cybercafe Diffusion in Sub-Saharan Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information and communications technology (ICT) use and access in Sub-Saharan Africa continue to increase significantly and ICT has proven to be the major catalyst for users to access and share information and knowledge resources globally. However, most users' personal access to ICTs, such as the Internet from home or workplace, is hugely constrained due to lack of adequate infrastructure and

VICTOR W. A. MBARIKA; Muhammadou Kah; Kibily Samake; JEFFREY G. SUMRALL

2007-01-01

127

Language-Based Access to Large Sensor Repositories  

PubMed Central

Sensor data have broadened their scope recently, ranging now from the simple time series measurements to, e.g., hyperspectral satellite image maps timeseries. In addition to observed data, simulation data increasingly have to be merged, for example 4-D ocean and atmospheric data. The majority of these data fall into the category of multi-dimensional rasters. However, when it comes to flexible retrieval, including sensor data search, aggregation, analysis, fusion, etc., standard query language support in the past has not kept up with the service level of, e.g., metadata retrieval. To close this gap, the Open GeoSpatial Consortium (OGC) has issued the Web Coverage Processing Service (WCPS) Standard in December 2008. WCPS defines a request language for multi-dimensional raster data, suitable for specifying navigation, download, and analysis of sensor, image, and statistics data. This contribution emphasises sensor data modeling and the perspectives for an integrated, cross-dimensional sensor data retrieval. Further, the WCPS reference implementation is briefly discussed.

Baumann, Peter

2009-01-01

128

Common Names: Cooperative Access to Databased Natural History Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

The design and use of electronic information systems to provide coopera- tive access to natural history museum collections is influenced by existing traditions of organization of and access to paper-based information about those collections. These information systems lack standardized choices for identifying characteristics and the descriptive terms to specify those characteristics. Initially supplied specimen information is often incomplete and inaccurate,

Bernadette G. Callery

129

Lexical Access Routes to Nouns in a Morphologically Rich Language  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most current morphological processing models postulate two lexical access routes, full form and morpheme-based. We explored the nature of the morpheme-based route and its relation to the full-form route by studying recognition of written Finnish nouns. True case-inflection elicited a processing cost, confirming that such forms are recognized via the more demanding morpheme-based route. A processing cost was also observed

Matti Laine; Seppo Vainio; Jukka Hyönä

1999-01-01

130

Data and Information Access Link (DIAL)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Data and Information Access Link (DIAL) is a web based package of software tools for geospatial data storage, visualization and distribution. The DIAL software provides a web based easy to use software solution to small data producers to organize and distribute remote sensing data and metadata. DIAL system can handle heterogeneous types of remote sensing and field campaign data for Earth science applications. DIAL works with image data, grid, swath, and tabular, multidimensional array and point data. The DIAL system supports NASA's Earth Observing System and Data and Information System (EOSDIS) data standards HDF- EOS, Hierarchical Data Format (HDF), and network Common Data Format (netCDF). Data format translators are also available between HDF-EOS and Arc-Info, Geo-tiff, and shape formats. DIAL software works with data from the EOS Terra, LANDSAT 7, TRMM, SeaWiFS missions and many other types of legacy data from NASA. DIAL software is freely available for users. DIAL features: Catalog services: Spatial, temporal, and parameter-based search; Catalog search at inventory and directory levels; Automatic creation of metadata catalog; Supports ODBC/JDBC compatible databases for storing metadata/catalog; User-friendly Java search interface with query preview. Data services: On-line access to data and metadata; Single- and multi-granule subsetting and sub sampling based on array coordinates or record numbers; Single- and multi-granule sub setting and sub sampling based on geographic/map coordinates and physical parameters; Browse and dynamic/interactive visualization of data; Animation of time series or multi dimensional data; Interactive color composites of multi-spectral data; Overlay of coastal and political boundaries; On-line downloading of data in multiple formats; X-Y plotting for non-image data. DIAL can work as a standalone application or in a distributed environment. DIAL is integrated with NASA's Earth Science Data Gateway (EDG) providing support for the distributed system. DIAL works in a multiplatform environment including PC based systems, UNIX and Linux operating systems. The DIAL software is 8 Mega Bytes in size and easy to use. DIAL is used in many NASA projects, scientists from universities, Earth Science Information Partnership (ESIP) federation, NASA centers, commercial companies like IBM, and international partners of NASA. http:// dial.gsfc.nasa.gov

Suresh, R.; Di, L.; McDonald, K.

2001-05-01

131

75 FR 7582 - Access by EPA Contractors to Information Claimed as Confidential Business Information (CBI...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...its personnel who require access to information claimed...before they are granted access to data. Controls regarding the handling...contractors who require access to information claimed as CBI. Controls contained in OTAQ's...

2010-02-22

132

28 CFR 17.41 - Access to classified information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...religion, sex, national origin, disability, or sexual orientation in granting access to classified information...access may be raised solely on the basis of the sexual orientation of the employee or mental health...

2009-07-01

133

28 CFR 17.41 - Access to classified information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...religion, sex, national origin, disability, or sexual orientation in granting access to classified information...access may be raised solely on the basis of the sexual orientation of the employee or mental health counseling....

2010-07-01

134

An information extraction approach for spoken language understanding  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an Information Extraction (IE) ap- proach for spoken language understanding. The goal in IE is to find proper values for pre-defined slots of given templates. IE for spoken language understanding pro- poses a concept spotting approach for spoken language because IE approach is interested in only pre-defined con- cept slots. In spite of this partial understanding, we

Jihyun Eun; Changki Lee; Gary Geunbae Lee

2004-01-01

135

15 CFR 905.3 - Access to information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...USE IN ENFORCEMENT PROCEEDINGS OF INFORMATION COLLECTED BY VOLUNTARY FISHERY DATA COLLECTORS § 905.3 Access to information. Information collected by a voluntary fishery data collector: (a) Is subject to disclosure to both the...

2013-01-01

136

5 CFR 1303.10 - Access to information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Personnel OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET ADMINISTRATIVE...PROCEDURES PUBLIC INFORMATION PROVISIONS OF THE...1303.10 Access to information. (a) The Office of Management and Budget makes available information...

2013-01-01

137

5 CFR 1312.23 - Access to classified information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Access to classified information. 1312.23 Section...Personnel OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET OMB DIRECTIVES...OF NATIONAL SECURITY INFORMATION Control and Accountability of Classified Information § 1312.23...

2013-01-01

138

Enhancing access to health information in Africa: a librarian's perspective.  

PubMed

In recent years, tremendous progress has been made toward providing health information in Africa, in part because of technological advancements. Nevertheless, ensuring that information is accessible, comprehensible, and usable remains problematic, and there remain needs in many settings to address issues such as computer skills, literacy, and the infrastructure to access information. To determine how librarians might play a more strategic role in meeting information needs of health professionals in Africa, the author reviewed key components of information systems pertinent to knowledge management for the health sector, including access to global online resources, capacity to use computer technology for information retrieval, information literacy, and the potential for professional networks to play a role in improving access to and use of information. The author concluded that, in regions that lack adequate information systems, librarians could apply their knowledge and skills to facilitate access and use by information seekers. Ensuring access to and use of health information can also be achieved by engaging organizations and associations working to enhance access to health information, such as the Association for Health Information and Libraries in Africa. These groups can provide assistance through training, dissemination, information repackaging, and other approaches known to improve information literacy. PMID:22724668

Gathoni, Nasra

2012-01-01

139

Exploiting information relationships for access control in pervasive computing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Many information services in pervasive computing offer rich information, which is information that includes other types of information. For example, the information listed in a person’s calendar entry can reveal information,about the person’s location or activity. To avoid rich information from leaking its included information, we must consider the semantics of the rich information when,controlling access to this information.

Urs Hengartner; Peter Steenkiste

2006-01-01

140

Access to electronic information by people with disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information access for people with disabilities is creating numerous opportunities and challenges within the information highway community. Additionally, as a result of the increasing paradigm shift by the publishing industry toward Internet and WWW-based document delivery systems, the importance of producing accessible information using electronic document mechanisms has increased immeasurably. The primary focus of this paper involves the production of

M. G. Paciello

1997-01-01

141

Searching the Web: general and scientific information access  

Microsoft Academic Search

The World Wide Web has revolutionized the way people access information, and has opened up new possibilities in areas such as digital libraries, general and scientific information dissemination and retrieval, education, commerce, entertainment, government and health care. There are many avenues for improvement of the Web; for example, in the areas of locating and organizing information. Current techniques for access

Steve Lawrence; C. Lee Giles

1999-01-01

142

Carpet or Carcel: The Effect of Age of Acquisition and Language Mode on Bilingual Lexical Access  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lexical access was examined in English-Spanish bilinguals by monitoring eye fixations on target and lexical competitors as participants followed spoken instructions in English to click on one of the objects presented on a computer (e.g., "Click on the beans"). Within-language lexical competitors had a phoneme onset in English that was shared with…

Canseco-Gonzalez, Enriqueta; Brehm, Laurel; Brick, Cameron A.; Brown-Schmidt, Sarah; Fischer, Kara; Wagner, Katie

2010-01-01

143

Carpet or Carcel: The Effect of Age of Acquisition and Language Mode on Bilingual Lexical Access  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Lexical access was examined in English-Spanish bilinguals by monitoring eye fixations on target and lexical competitors as participants followed spoken instructions in English to click on one of the objects presented on a computer (e.g., "Click on the beans"). Within-language lexical competitors had a phoneme onset in English that was shared with…

Canseco-Gonzalez, Enriqueta; Brehm, Laurel; Brick, Cameron A.; Brown-Schmidt, Sarah; Fischer, Kara; Wagner, Katie

2010-01-01

144

Lexical access in American Sign Language: an ERP investigation of effects of semantics and phonology.  

PubMed

That language forms (phonology) are arbitrarily related to their meanings (semantics) is often considered a basic property of human languages. Naturally occurring sign languages, however, often appear to conflate form and meaning. In this paper we examine whether this close coupling has processing consequences for lexical access. We examine the electrophysiological correlates of on-line sentence processing in an attempt to clarify the time-course of lexical access in American Sign Language. EEG was recorded while 17 native signers watched ASL sentences for comprehension. Participants were presented with sentences in which semantic expectancy and phonological form were systematically manipulated to create four types of violations. These four conditions of interest are contrasted to a baseline sentence with a preferred semantic ending. Two different effects were observed in early time windows. Evidence for an early effect of semantic pre-activation of plausible candidates (150-250 ms) was found, followed by a negativity associated with lexical selection (350-450 ms) for only phonologically related (-S, +P) and for only semantically related (+S, -P) signs. These findings provide evidence for a novel mapping of signal form and meaning that may be a unique signature of sign language. In the 450 to 600 ms window, all conditions showed an increased N400 with respect to the expected ending, suggesting greater difficulty in semantic integration with the established context. Overall, these findings provide important insights into the on-line processing of visual-manual language. PMID:22763237

Gutierrez, Eva; Williams, Deborah; Grosvald, Michael; Corina, David

2012-04-28

145

Open Access and Civic Scientific Information Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Introduction: We examine how residents and citizens of The Netherlands perceive open access to acquire preliminary insight into the role it might play in cultivating civic scientific literacy. Open access refers to scientific or scholarly research literature available on the Web to scholars and the general public in free online journals and…

Zuccala, Alesia

2010-01-01

146

Accessibility  

Cancer.gov

The National Institutes of Health, NIH is making every effort to ensure that the information available on our website is accessible to all. If you use special adaptive equipment to access the Web and encounter problems when using our site, please let

147

The Design of a Computer Language for Linguistic Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

A considerable body of accumulated knowledge about the design of languages for communicating information to computers has been derived from the subfields of programming language design and semantics. It has been the goal of the PATR group at SRI to utilize a relevant portion of this knowledge in implementing tools to facilitate communication of linguistic information to computers. The PATR-II

Stuart M. Shieber

1984-01-01

148

Matching Users and User Languages in Information Retrieval.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews research on the design and use of languages for computer programing, information retrieval, and user interaction with computers, and suggests designing interface programs to help users at all proficiency levels, since no single computer language can meet all information retrieval tasks for everyone. Twenty sources are listed. (RBF)|

Meadow, Charles T.

1981-01-01

149

Eye movements and lexical access in spoken-language comprehension: evaluating a linking hypothesis between fixations and linguistic processing.  

PubMed

A growing number of researchers in the sentence processing community are using eye movements to address issues in spoken language comprehension. Experiments using this paradigm have shown that visually presented referential information, including properties of referents relevant to specific actions, influences even the earliest moments of syntactic processing. Methodological concerns about task-specific strategies and the linking hypothesis between eye movements and linguistic processing are identified and discussed. These concerns are addressed in a review of recent studies of spoken word recognition which introduce and evaluate a detailed linking hypothesis between eye movements and lexical access. The results provide evidence about the time course of lexical activation that resolves some important theoretical issues in spoken-word recognition. They also demonstrate that fixations are sensitive to properties of the normal language-processing system that cannot be attributed to task-specific strategies. PMID:11196063

Tanenhaus, M K; Magnuson, J S; Dahan, D; Chambers, C

2000-11-01

150

EarthServer: Information Retrieval and Query Language  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Establishing open, unified, seamless, access and ad-hoc analytics on cross-disciplinary, multi-source, multi-dimensional, spatiotemporal Earth Science data of extreme-size and their supporting metadata are the main challenges of the EarthServer project (www.earthserver.eu), funded by the European Commission under its Seventh Framework Program. One of EarthServer's main objectives is to provide users with higher level coverage and metadata search, retrieval and processing capabilities to multi-disciplinary Earth Science data. Six Lighthouse Applications are being established, each one providing access to Cryospheric, Airborne, Atmospheric, Geology, Oceanography and Planetary science raster data repositories through strictly WCS 2.0 standard based service endpoints. EarthServers' information retrieval subsystem aims towards exploiting the WCS endpoints through a physically and logically distributed service oriented architecture, foreseeing the collaboration of several standard compliant services, capable of exploiting modern large grid and cloud infrastructures and of dynamically responding to availability and capabilities of underlying resources. Towards furthering technology for integrated, coherent service provision based on WCS and WCPS the concept of a query language (QL), unifying coverage and metadata processing and retrieval is introduced. EarthServer's information retrieval subsystem receives QL requests involving high volumes of all Earth Science data categories, executes them on the services that reside on the infrastructure and sends the results back to the requester through a high performance pipeline. In this contribution we briefly discuss EarthServer's service oriented coverage data and metadata search and retrieval architecture and further elaborate on the potentials of EarthServer's Query Language, called xWCPS (XQuery compliant WCPS). xWCPS aims towards merging the path that the two widely adopted standards (W3C XQuery, OGC WCPS) have paved, into a new construct allowing "mixed search" on both OGC coverages and XML-represented metadata and also returning "mixed results" further enabling seamless geospatial and array, combined data and metadata, processing under a familiar syntactic formalism. xWCPS is a superset of WCPS closely following XQuery's syntax and philosophy, further extending it with capabilities to handle coverages, array and multidimensional data, allowing different degrees of compliance to its results and opening new possibilities for data definition, processing and interoperability. Our long term vision for xWCPS is from the one hand to enable coverage and corresponding metadata retrieval, irrespective of their actual origin and form and from the other hand to offer syntactic constructs for data definition and data manipulation. Thus xWCPS queries could potentially employ distributed services to access diverse, cross-disciplinary and physically distributed data sources, data within them and metadata about them without directly specifying which coverages to employ, which parts come from metadata and which come from data processing (aggregates) functions. Respectively a Data Definition Language could allow schema definition and a Data Manipulation Language could enable updates, inserts, and deletes of data handled by an xWCPS system. xWCPS's specification is currently in draft form. We intend to initiate the corresponding OGC standardization activity with the finalization of the specification of the language.

Perperis, Thanassis; Koltsida, Panagiota; Kakaletris, George

2013-04-01

151

Trusted Access to Sensitive Information in a Diverse Services Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile application service providers are trying to strike a balance between offering personalized services and safeguarding user privacy. Being able to offer targeted and relevant services requires access to sensitive user information, such as health records, financial transactions, preferences, and location. Users, on the other hand, are reluctant to allow access to their sensitive information when no mechanisms are in

S. Moyer; S. Loeb; E. Panagos

2010-01-01

152

19 CFR 351.305 - Access to business proprietary information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Access to business proprietary information...351.305 Customs Duties INTERNATIONAL TRADE ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT... § 351.305 Access to business proprietary information...order on the record within two business days after the day on...

2013-04-01

153

Research Informing Practice--Practice Informing Research: Innovative Teaching Methologies for World Language Teachers. Research in Second Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Research Informing Practice--Practice Informing Research: Innovative Teaching Methodologies for World Language Educators" is an edited volume that focuses on innovative, nontraditional methods of teaching and learning world languages. Using teacher-research projects, each author in the volume guides readers through their own personal journey and…

Schwarzer, David, Ed.; Petron, Mary, Ed.; Luke, Christopher, Ed.

2011-01-01

154

Exploiting Thesauri and Hierarchical Categories in Cross-Language Information Retrieval  

Microsoft Academic Search

As Internet resources become accessible worldwide, need to develop efficient methods for information retrieval across languages\\u000a becomes primordial. In the present paper, we focus on query expansion techniques to improve the effectiveness of information\\u000a retrieval. A combination to a dictionary-based translation and statisticalbased disambiguation is indispensable to overcome\\u000a translation’s ambiguity. We propose a model, which uses multiple sources for query

Fatiha Sadat; Masatoshi Yoshikawa; Shunsuke Uemura

2002-01-01

155

Complementarity of quantum discord and classically accessible information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The sum of the Holevo quantity (that bounds the capacity of quantum channels to transmit classical information about an observable) and the quantum discord (a measure of the quantumness of correlations of that observable) yields an observable-independent total given by the quantum mutual information. This split naturally delineates information about quantum systems accessible to observers - information that is redundantly transmitted by the environment - while showing that it is maximized for the quasi-classical pointer observable. Other observables are accessible only via correlations with the pointer observable. We also prove an anti-symmetry property relating accessible information and discord. It shows that information becomes objective - accessible to many observers - only as quantum information is relegated to correlations with the global environment, and, therefore, locally inaccessible. The resulting complementarity explains why, in a quantum Universe, we perceive objective classical reality while flagrantly quantum superpositions are out of reach.

Zwolak, Michael; Zurek, Wojciech H.

2013-05-01

156

User Profiles for Personalized Information Access  

Microsoft Academic Search

The amount of information available online is increasing exponentially. While this information is a valuable resource, its sheer volume limits its value. Many research projects and companies are exploring the use of personalized applications that manage this deluge by tailoring the information presented to individual users. These applications all need to gather, and exploit, some information about individuals in order

Susan Gauch; Mirco Speretta; Aravind Chandramouli; Alessandro Micarelli

2007-01-01

157

Access to Information About Stuttering and Societal Knowledge of Stuttering  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to examine societal knowledge of stuttering, access to information sources, and the influence of information sources on knowledge of stuttering. 185 participants from Northwest Ohio were surveyed. Results of the study indicated that the general public varies in their knowledge of stuttering and that majority of participants had not accessed information about stuttering, and the few who had, did so a long time ago. Finally, access to information sources had little influence on knowledge of stuttering. Implications for future research are discussed.

Gabel, Rodney; Brackenbury, Tim; Irani, Farzan

2011-01-01

158

Long-Term Information Preservation and Access  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An unprecedented amount of information encompassing almost every facet of human activities across the world is generated daily in the form of zeros and ones, and that is often the only form in which such information is recorded. A good fraction of this information needs to be preserved for periods of time ranging from a few years to centuries.…

Song, Sang Chul

2010-01-01

159

Formalizing Semantic Spaces For Information Access  

Microsoft Academic Search

An exponentially growing volume of digital information makes extraction of relevant items increasingly difficult. This article documents the adoption of information visualization tools by researchers in the disciplines of geography, computer science, and information science to facilitate exploration of very large data archives. Graphic depiction of database content (or the database “semantics”) can be based on a spatial or even

Sara Irina Fabrikant; Barbara P. Buttenfield

2001-01-01

160

The Lemur Toolkit for Language Modeling and Information Retrieval  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sponsored by the Advanced Research and Development Activity in Information Technology (ARDA) under its Statistical Language Modeling for Information Retrieval Research Program, the Lemur Project has recently announced the availability of the Lemur Toolkit for Language Modeling and Information Retrieval, version 1.0. The Lemur Toolkit is designed to help carry out research in areas such as ad hoc and distributed retrieval, cross-language IR, summarization, filtering, and classification. The toolkit supports indexing of large-scale text databases, the construction of simple language models for documents, queries, and more. The system, which is written in C and C++ languages, is designed as a research system to run under Unix operating systems, although it can also run under Windows. As part of the Lemur Project, the Lemur Toolkit is a collaboration between the Computer Science Department at the University of Massachusetts and the School of Computer Science at Carnegie Mellon University.

2002-01-01

161

Transliteration based Search Engine for Multilingual Information Access  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most of the Internet data for Indian languages exist in various encodings, causing difcul- ties in searching for the information through search engines. In the Indian scenario, ma- jority web pages are not searchable or the in- tended information is not efciently retrieved by the search engines due to the following: (1) Multiple text-encodings are used while authoring websites. (2)

Anand Arokia Raj; Harikrishna Maganti

2009-01-01

162

Building Effective Queries in Natural Language Information Retrieval.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In this paper we report on our natural language information retrieval (NLIR) project as related to the recently concluded 5th Text Retrieval Conference (TREC-5). The main thrust of this project is to use natural language processing techniques to enhance t...

F. Lin J. Perez-Carballo J. Wang T. Strzalkowski

1997-01-01

163

Cooperative, natural language environmental information system.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper describes the extension of a natural language interface to relational databases with respect to its cooperative behavior. We argue that cooperative behavior is especially important for a complex domain such as environmental protection. In order...

R. Becker D. Kuepper D. Roesner M. Strobel

1992-01-01

164

Access to F.D.A. Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prior to the enactment of the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), little of the data collected by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) was made public or could be obtained from the agency. Although the FDA files are now open, information is considered exempt from public disclosure when it involves regulatory procedures, program guidelines, work…

Sinovic, Dianna

165

Improving Information Access for Public Health Professionals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fundamental to our protection against biological weapons and the detection of disease outbreaks is the need to strengthen our surveillance systems. Improved electronic communications between local, state, and federal public health agencies provide a way for health officials to share information on unusual disease outbreaks and provide important health alert information. This article describes a model of a partnership between

Sharon Telleen; Elaine Martin

2002-01-01

166

Instant Access to Fund Accounting Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the needs of selectors has been to obtain fund accounting information on demand. Most integrated library systems with acquisitions modules make it possible for selectors to view fund information online at their convenience. Fluctuations that occur in fund balances as orders are placed, invoiced, or canceled are more noticable when funds are frequently reviewed online. To help selectors

Teri L. Oparanozie

2000-01-01

167

Ontology-driven Access to Legal Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

From the analysis of a research project supported by government funding currently in progress in Italy, a few criteria of describing legal information on different levels are presented. The non-jurists users, who the public nature of the project regards as privileged, are not able to explain clearly the information they need, therefore particular attention should be paid to the description

Daniela Tiscornia

2001-01-01

168

Bureaucratic Compliance with Mexico's New Access to Information Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

We analyze government document custodians' attitudes and behaviors in order to assess the prospects of a new access to information law establishing a citizen's right-to-know in Mexico. The Mexican law is considered one of the best in the hemisphere in terms of broad access and workable enforcement provisions. However, no extra resources were allotted to government agencies for compliance with

Juliet Gill; Sallie Hughes

2005-01-01

169

The Open Access Availability of Library and Information Science Literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

To examine the open access availability of Library and Information Science (LIS) research, a study was conducted using Google Scholar to search for articles from 20 top LIS journals. The study examined whether Google Scholar was able to find any links to full text, if open access versions of the articles were available and where these articles were being hosted.

2010-01-01

170

Providing Secure Access to Confidential Patient Information Detailing Diabetic Condition  

Microsoft Academic Search

Can secure access be granted to confidential patient records using the Internet? Our study has involved providing distributed access to one such confidential information database in a United Kingdom (UK) secondary care (hospital) organisation. We describe the application chosen to be distributed, the security systems used to protect the data, the reasons for the implementation decisions made and the results

David W. Chadwick; John P. New; D. M. Mcdowall; Darren P. Mundy

2001-01-01

171

Database Publishing and Increasing Access to Food Science Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews current developments that facilitate increased access to food science information, with examples from the Web, from search engine producers, and from disseminators and producers of specialised abstracting and indexing (A&I) databases. The diversity of developments is reviewed in the context of blogs, wikis, Facebook, YouTube, Connotea, and examples of increasing Web access with Google Scholar and Windows

Howard Stanbury; Jeremy Selman

2008-01-01

172

Enhancing Access to NTIS Information through Libraries: A Proposal.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers current and potential uses of libraries as National Technical Information Service (NTIS) access points, describes the library community's strengths and weaknesses, and suggests future trends. A proposal for using libraries as vehicles for broader access for current and potential NTIS users is outlined. (Contains 32 references.) (EAM)

Shill, Harold B.

1993-01-01

173

Pitfalls of information access with visualizations in remote collaborative analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a world of widespread information access, information can overwhelm collaborators, even with visualizations to help. We extend prior work to study the effect of shared information on collaboration. We analyzed the success and discussion process of remote pairs trying to identify a serial killer in multiple crime cases. Each partner had half of the evidence, or each partner had

Aruna D. Balakrishnan; Susan R. Fussell; Sara B. Kiesler; Aniket Kittur

2010-01-01

174

45 CFR 503.5 - Access to records or information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...or information pertaining to that individual. (b) Any individual requesting access to a record or information...DC, between the hours of 9 a.m. and 5:30 p.m., Monday through...Provide information sufficient to identify the record,...

2012-10-01

175

45 CFR 503.5 - Access to records or information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...or information pertaining to that individual. (b) Any individual requesting access to a record or information...DC, between the hours of 9 a.m. and 5:30 p.m., Monday through...Provide information sufficient to identify the record,...

2011-10-01

176

5 CFR 1204.14 - Requests for access to confidential commercial information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Requests for access to confidential commercial information. 1204.14 Section... Requests for access to confidential commercial information. (a) General. Confidential commercial information provided to the...

2013-01-01

177

48 CFR 3004.470 - Security requirements for access to unclassified facilities, Information Technology resources...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...requirements for access to unclassified facilities, Information Technology resources, and sensitive information. 3004...requirements for access to unclassified facilities, Information Technology resources, and sensitive...

2012-10-01

178

48 CFR 3004.470 - Security requirements for access to unclassified facilities, Information Technology resources...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...access to unclassified facilities, Information Technology resources, and sensitive information. 3004.470 Section 3004.470...access to unclassified facilities, Information Technology resources, and sensitive...

2011-10-01

179

76 FR 76640 - Telecommunications Act Accessibility Guidelines; Electronic and Information Technology...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Guidelines; Electronic and Information Technology Accessibility Standards...standards for electronic and information technology, which apply to federal...Section 508) Electronic and Information Technology Accessibility...

2011-12-08

180

76 FR 77738 - Telecommunications Act Accessibility Guidelines; Electronic and Information Technology...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Guidelines; Electronic and Information Technology Accessibility Standards...Guidelines and its Electronic and Information Technology Accessibility Standards...standards for electronic and information technology covered by Section 508...

2011-12-14

181

48 CFR 401.170 - Electronic access to regulatory information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...information. The USDA Departmental Administration Procurement Homepage provides access to the AGAR, AGAR amendments (circulars...in electronic form. The Internet address for the Procurement Homepage is URL http://www.usda.gov/procurement/ ....

2012-10-01

182

32 CFR 505.5 - Individual access to personal information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...parents acting on behalf of a minor child have the minor child's rights of access under this...where the interests of the minor child were adverse to the interests...information. (c) Verification of identity for first party...

2013-07-01

183

Preservation of and Permanent Access to Electronic Information Resources.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The rapid growth in the creation and dissemination of electronic information has emphasized the digital environment's speed and ease of dissemination with little regard for its long-term preservation and access. To some extent, electronic libraries, that ...

G. Hodge

2004-01-01

184

Human Genome Project: Information access, management, and regulation. Final report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Human Genome Project is a large, internationally coordinated effort in biological research directed at creating a detailed map of human DNA. This report describes the access of information, management, and regulation of the project. The project led to...

J. D. McInerney L. B. Micikas

1996-01-01

185

18 CFR 388.113 - Accessing critical energy infrastructure information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources... false Accessing critical energy infrastructure information. 388.113 Section 388.113 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION,...

2013-04-01

186

42 CFR 480.113 - QIO access to information collected for QIO purposes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-10-01 false QIO access to information collected for QIO...INFORMATION Utilization and Quality Control Quality Improvement Organizations (QIOs) Qio Access to Information § 480.113 QIO access to information collected for...

2012-10-01

187

42 CFR 480.112 - QIO access to records and information of intermediaries and carriers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-10-01 false QIO access to records and information of...INFORMATION Utilization and Quality Control Quality Improvement Organizations (QIOs) Qio Access to Information § 480.112 QIO access to records and information...

2012-10-01

188

42 CFR 480.111 - QIO access to records and information of institutions and practitioners.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-10-01 false QIO access to records and information of...INFORMATION Utilization and Quality Control Quality Improvement Organizations (QIOs) Qio Access to Information § 480.111 QIO access to records and information...

2012-10-01

189

Short text language detection using geographic information  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

A content-providing entity receives a relatively short text from a user and attempts to determine, automatically, based on that short text (and on other available clues), a language that the user can read and understand. The content-providing entity may then provide, to the user, documents that are written in the determined language. The content-providing entity may determine a language of the input text based on several factors in combination: (a) the service provider's "market," which is determined based on at least a portion of the URL of the Internet site to which the user directed his browser; (b) the user's "region," which is determined based on the source Internet Protocol (IP) address of the IP packets that the user sends to the Internet site; (c) the "script" in which the short user-entered text is written; and (d) a statistical analysis of the frequency of the characters present in the short user-entered text.

Kim; Yookyung (Los Altos, CA); Guo; Shuang (San Jose, CA); Hu; Xian Xiang (San Jose, CA); Li; Xin (Sunnyvale, CA)

2013-10-01

190

Negotiating Power and Access to Second Language Resources: A Study on Short-Term Chinese MBA Students in America  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|By looking into a group of 13 Chinese master's in business administration students' study abroad experience in the United States, this study contends that being situated in the second language (L2) communicative context does not guarantee international students complete access to language and cultural resources in the host society. Due to limited…

Shi, Xingsong

2011-01-01

191

A Research Proposal to Address the Learning Strategies Used by Second Language Students in Accessing Online Resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

Elsewhere, I discuss the emergence of ubiquitous computing. However, notwithstanding Oxford's pioneering realization of the importance of language learning strategies to language learning - which has been widely recognized - little research attention has been paid to the strategies actually used in accessing online resources. A variety of theoretical publications have suggested that significant qualitative differences exist between traditional and

Robert C. Meurant

2007-01-01

192

Negotiating Power and Access to Second Language Resources: A Study on Short-Term Chinese MBA Students in America  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

By looking into a group of 13 Chinese master's in business administration students' study abroad experience in the United States, this study contends that being situated in the second language (L2) communicative context does not guarantee international students complete access to language and cultural resources in the host society. Due to limited…

Shi, Xingsong

2011-01-01

193

An assessment of the information-seeking abilities and needs of practicing speech-language pathologists  

PubMed Central

Objectives: This study assessed the information-seeking practices and needs of speech-language pathologists (SLPs). Improved understanding of these needs can inform librarians and educators to better prepare students in principles and methods of evidence-based practice (EBP) and, through continuing education (CE), promote the integration of EBP into clinical practice of SLPs. Methods: A 16-question survey was mailed to 1,000 certified speech-language pathologists in the United States. Results: Two hundred and eight usable surveys were returned for a response rate of 21%. For clinical questions, SLPs most often consulted with a colleague, participated in CE activities, and searched the open Internet. Few respondents relied on scholarly journal articles for assistance with clinical cases. The most prominent barriers to finding appropriate information were time and knowledge of where and how to find relevant information. Few reported having information literacy instruction by a librarian. Discussion: If EBP is to become a viable practice in clinical decision making, there appears to be a tremendous need for information literacy instruction in the university curriculum, as well as through CE activities for currently practicing SLPs. Given respondents' reported lack of time and limited access to full-text journals containing evidence relevant to clinical practice, the field of speech-language pathology will need to generate readily accessible clinical summaries of research evidence through meta-analyses, systematic reviews, and clinical practice guidelines.

Nail-Chiwetalu, Barbara; Bernstein Ratner, Nan

2007-01-01

194

Evidence-Informed Leadership in the Japanese Context: Middle Managers at a University Self-Access Center  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study reports on the steering of a self-access learning center in a Japanese university by its "middle management" committee over the first years of its operation. Middle management practice was informed by an ethnographic archive of various facets of center use, particularly concerning language policy and curriculum integration, issues…

Adamson, John; Brown, Howard

2012-01-01

195

Training Older Adults to Access Health Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many older adults do not use health information available on the Internet. Older adults residing in affordable housing were taught to use the NIHSeniorHealth.gov Web site. Participants were predominantly African American women with limited education and income (N = 42). Outcomes included changes in computer and health Web site navigation skills. Results showed significant improvements for all demographic groups in both computer

Elizabeth M. Bertera; Robert L. Bertera; Russell Morgan; Ellen Wuertz; Alfred M. O. Attey

2007-01-01

196

Improving health information access through social networking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sustaining user participation is a challenge for even the most popular web sites. In this work we report on an effort to increase exposure to, and interaction with, a repository of health based information by coupling the repository with a social networking application. We hypothesize that we can sustain user interaction with a repository and increase nutrition knowledge through content

Jill Freyne; Shlomo Berkovsky; Stephen Kimani; Nilufar Baghaei; Emily Brindal

2010-01-01

197

The dimensions of accessibility to online information: implications for implementing office information systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prior research has found a positive correlation between the perceived accessibility of information and information use. The underlying dimensions of information accessibility, however, have not been investigated empirically. The present field study measures end-user perceptions of three online information retrieval systems and one electronic mail system. User ratings of the four systems are collected and factor-analyzed. The results suggest that

Mary J. Culnan

1984-01-01

198

Accessibility of the nondominant language in picture naming: A counterintuitive effect of dementia on bilingual language production  

PubMed Central

The current study tested the assumption that bilinguals with dementia regress to using primarily the dominant language. Spanish-English bilinguals with probable Alzheimer's disease (AD; n=29), and matched bilingual controls (n=42) named Boston Naming Test pictures in their dominant and nondominant languages. Surprisingly, differences between patients and controls were larger using dominant-language than nondominant-language naming scores, and bilinguals with AD were either more likely than controls (in English-dominant bilinguals), or equally likely (in Spanish-dominant bilinguals), to name some pictures in the nondominant language that they could not produce in their dominant language. These findings suggest that dominant language testing may provide the best assessment of language deficits in bilingual AD, and argue against the common notion that the nondominant language is particularly susceptible to dementia. The greater vulnerability of the dominant language may reflect the increased probability of AD affecting richer semantic representations associated with dominant compared to nondominant language names.

Gollan, Tamar H.; Salmon, David P.; Montoya, Rosa I.; Pena, Eileen da

2010-01-01

199

Cross-language information retrieval using PARAFAC2.  

SciTech Connect

A standard approach to cross-language information retrieval (CLIR) uses Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA) in conjunction with a multilingual parallel aligned corpus. This approach has been shown to be successful in identifying similar documents across languages - or more precisely, retrieving the most similar document in one language to a query in another language. However, the approach has severe drawbacks when applied to a related task, that of clustering documents 'language-independently', so that documents about similar topics end up closest to one another in the semantic space regardless of their language. The problem is that documents are generally more similar to other documents in the same language than they are to documents in a different language, but on the same topic. As a result, when using multilingual LSA, documents will in practice cluster by language, not by topic. We propose a novel application of PARAFAC2 (which is a variant of PARAFAC, a multi-way generalization of the singular value decomposition [SVD]) to overcome this problem. Instead of forming a single multilingual term-by-document matrix which, under LSA, is subjected to SVD, we form an irregular three-way array, each slice of which is a separate term-by-document matrix for a single language in the parallel corpus. The goal is to compute an SVD for each language such that V (the matrix of right singular vectors) is the same across all languages. Effectively, PARAFAC2 imposes the constraint, not present in standard LSA, that the 'concepts' in all documents in the parallel corpus are the same regardless of language. Intuitively, this constraint makes sense, since the whole purpose of using a parallel corpus is that exactly the same concepts are expressed in the translations. We tested this approach by comparing the performance of PARAFAC2 with standard LSA in solving a particular CLIR problem. From our results, we conclude that PARAFAC2 offers a very promising alternative to LSA not only for multilingual document clustering, but also for solving other problems in cross-language information retrieval.

Bader, Brett William; Chew, Peter; Abdelali, Ahmed (New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM); Kolda, Tamara Gibson

2007-05-01

200

Current research information systems, open access repositories and libraries : ANTAEUS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to give an overview of larger developments in the international research information environment, and to outline their impact on the open access movement within libraries. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A narrative account of recent historical developments such as national current research information systems (CRIS), and their local campus equivalents, together with an analysis of

Nicholas Joint

2008-01-01

201

Beyond access to ICTs: Measuring capabilities in the information society  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses some development paradigms linked to the idea of an information society and explains how information and communication technologies (ICTs) are seen as a means to development. The article also looks at the concept of a 'digital divide' and the universal access to ICT policies that are meant to address the problem. It elaborates on the limitations of

Erwin A. Alampay

202

Open Access: A User Information System. Professional Paper Series, #6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on the need for information systems that provide faculty, staff, and students with open access to all necessary information resources, this paper begins by discussing the issues involved in developing such systems. A review of the traditional environment looks at the traditional centralized resources versus the current trend toward…

Gleason, Bernard W.

203

The use of abstract graphemic information in lexical access  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three experiments investigated the nature of the information required for the lexical access of visual words. A four-field masking procedure was used, in which the presentation of consecutive prime and target letter strings was preceded and followed by presentations of a pattern mask. This procedure prevented subjects from identifying, and thus intentionally using, prime information. Experiment I extablished the existence

Lindsay J. Evett; Glyn W. Humphreys

1981-01-01

204

Urban girls, internet use, and accessing health information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: With the burgeoning growth of the Internet, many have raised concerns over whether and how underserved populations might be included in the Information Revolution. This study examines how urban adolescent girls access the Internet and whether it is a viable source for health information.Methods: During Fall 1999 in New York City, 176 girls completed an anonymous survey where half

Dina L. G. Borzekowski; Vaughn I. Rickert

2000-01-01

205

Recommendations concerning energy information model documentation, public access, and evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

A review is presented of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) response to Congressional and management concerns, relating specifically to energy information system documentation, public access to EIA systems, and scientific\\/peer evaluation. The relevant organizational and policy responses of EIA are discussed. An analysis of the model development process and approaches to, and organization of, model evaluation is presented. Included is

D. O. Wood; M. J. Mason

1979-01-01

206

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Numbers 15 and 16.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Access" is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

207

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Numbers 13 and 14.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|ACCESS is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

208

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Numbers 11 and 12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

209

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Numbers 13 and 14.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

210

Web Security for Access of Private Information via the Internet  

PubMed Central

Authentication, authorization, accounting, and encryption are goals of security strategies for web information being accessed that is private. The definition of these terms is as follows: • Authentication - validation that the individual (or system) is who they say they are • Authorization - validation that the individual (or system) accessing information is authorized to do so • Accounting - records are kept of what is accessed • Encryption - use of a ‘scrambling’ algorithm such that the information can pass securely across the public Internet without being intelligible; information is specifically ‘unscrambled’ or deencrypted at the receiving end Many tools can be used to meet these goals. The degree to which the goals are met is determined by how we use these tools. Methodologies similar to TSEC[1] and ITSEC[2] can be used to determine the appropriate level of protection for a particular web application. This poster describes a set of effective strategies for web application security and the level of protection each strategy provides.

Anderson, Lynn; Rauscher, Richard; Lee, H.

2001-01-01

211

Rights to information access under the Data Protection Act.  

PubMed

A patient has a legal right to access personal information held by health professionals on the basis of statutory provisions, such as the Data Protection Act 1998 and the regulations made under that Act, the Access to Health Reports Act 1988 (which is considered in a later article), and also on the basis of the common law, i.e. judge made or case law. Neither legal rights, however, give the patient an absolute right, but are qualified. PMID:16116383

Dimond, Bridgit

212

Open Access: How Is Scholarly Information Service System Going?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Open access movement has resulted in a change of the entire scholarly communication environment. Scholarly information service system (SISS) had a significant change which is represented in the emergency of various open access publishing mode and diversification of integrated value-added service providers. This paper analyzed this change, and discussed how academic library should react to the change; also some possible impacts on scientific communication were discussed.

Xia, Nanqiang; Zhang, Yaokun

213

Scientific Coolections: Informational - Navigational Portal for Scientific Publications Access.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At present there is the tendency of uniting efforts of scientific establishments and libraries for using information - communication medium with the purpose of information support of research and pedagogical activity in Moldova. The efficient access to the scientific and technical literature and, first of all, to the new publications, is necessary practically for all scientists and experts irrespective of a field of knowledge, in which they work. Research institutions, knowing how to receive access to the electron information and to use it intellectually, realize that it effects positively the quality and outcomes of the research process. It is obvious, that to ensure maximum utilization of the new information stream by habitual methods is impossible. New non-traditional approaches are necessary for the increase of the level of information provision of scientists and experts. Creation of electron libraries, realizing qualitatively other level of production, storage, organization and distribution of various information is the most effective way to gin this object. The access to the electron versions of scientific journals allows to reduce the acuteness of shortage of scientific literature, the electron information becomes accessible before the publication of paper version of a journal, and taking into account the delivery time of foreign issues into Moldova, this outstripping can reach several months.

Bogatencov, Petru; Kozlenco, Ludmila; Ginculova, Silvia; Keradi, Natalia

214

Anaphora in Natural Language Processing and Information Retrieval.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the linguistic phenomenon of anaphora; surveys the approaches to anaphora undertaken in theoretical linguistics and natural language processing (NLP); presents results of research conducted at Syracuse University on anaphora in information retrieval; and discusses the future of anaphora research in regard to information retrieval tasks.…

Liddy, Elizabeth DuRoss

1990-01-01

215

Machine Translation-Supported Cross-Language Information Retrieval for a Consumer Health Resource  

PubMed Central

The U.S. National Institutes of Health, through its National Library of Medicine, developed ClinicalTrials.gov to provide the public with easy access to information on clinical trials on a wide range of conditions or diseases. Only English language information retrieval is currently supported. Given the growing number of Spanish speakers in the U.S. and their increasing use of the Web, we anticipate a significant increase in Spanish-speaking users. This study compares the effectiveness of two common cross-language information retrieval methods using machine translation, query translation versus document translation, using a subset of genuine user queries from ClinicalTrials.gov. Preliminary results conducted with the ClinicalTrials.gov search engine show that in our environment, query translation is statistically significantly better than document translation. We discuss possible reasons for this result and we conclude with suggestions for future work.

Rosemblat, Graciela; Gemoets, Darren; Browne, Allen C.; Tse, Tony

2003-01-01

216

Patterns of ownership and accessibility to information and media facilities in democratizing the media in Nigeria.  

PubMed

Nigeria needs to embrace technology and pursue private media ownership in order to achieve a democratic media. In recent years, mass media in Africa has become a force with augmenting power that has influenced government and regimes. A democratization of the African media is reliant on media ownership and accessibility of information. Within Nigeria, there is a government monopoly of the media and therefore a road block in the free flow of information. As well, Nigeria's current economic situation has made media accessibility an extravagance. The electronic media is far from effective as many areas have poor reception, no electricity, or face a language barrier. Because most of the print media is written in English, many Nigerians cannot comprehend the printed news. PMID:12281807

Okwudishu, C

1988-01-01

217

Particle data management--turning data into accessible information.  

PubMed

The UKAEA has assigned significant resources to the monitoring and retrieval of particles from the vicinity of its site at Dounreay in the north of Scotland. The monitoring, retrieval and analytical processes each generate information that is required for interpretative and record purposes. As significant resources are made available for studying and retrieving particles, the information collected must be managed in a logical, stable and accessible manner to protect the investment in information. If suitable data management procedures are not in place there is a high risk of data loss and duplication, and stakeholders may be unable to discover what information is already available or be unable to access the existing information. UKAEA Dounreay operates a geographic information system (GIS) that interfaces with a data management system known as IMAGES. These systems are used to securely store and access a wide range of environmental data including those relating to particles. A case study is presented illustrating the processes and systems involved with the collection, storage, analysis and distribution of particle data. The advantages gained through use of the GIS system are considered in relation to alternative types of record management system such as paper, and electronic non-spatial systems. It is considered that the GIS system offers very significant benefits in terms of standardisation of data capture, security of storage and increased accessibility of data compared with other systems. PMID:17768321

Bonniface, J; Coppins, G J

2007-08-24

218

Enhancing Access to Drought Information Using the CUAHSI Hydrologic Information System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The National Drought Information System (NIDIS) Upper Colorado River Basin pilot study is investigating and establishing capabilities for better dissemination of drought information for early warning and management. As part of this study we are using and extending functionality from the Consortium of Universities for the Advancement of Hydrologic Science, Inc. (CUAHSI) Hydrologic Information System (HIS) to provide better access to drought-related data in the Upper Colorado River Basin. The CUAHSI HIS is a federated system for sharing hydrologic data. It is comprised of multiple data servers, referred to as HydroServers, that publish data in a standard XML format called Water Markup Language (WaterML), using web services referred to as WaterOneFlow web services. HydroServers can also publish geospatial data using Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) web map, feature and coverage services and are capable of hosting web and map applications that combine geospatial datasets with observational data served via web services. HIS also includes a centralized metadata catalog that indexes data from registered HydroServers and a data access client referred to as HydroDesktop. For NIDIS, we have established a HydroServer to publish drought index values as well as the input data used in drought index calculations. Primary input data required for drought index calculation include streamflow, precipitation, reservoir storages, snow water equivalent, and soil moisture. We have developed procedures to redistribute the input data to the time and space scales chosen for drought index calculation, namely half monthly time intervals for HUC 10 subwatersheds. The spatial redistribution approaches used for each input parameter are dependent on the spatial linkages for that parameter, i.e., the redistribution procedure for streamflow is dependent on the upstream/downstream connectivity of the stream network, and the precipitation redistribution procedure is dependent on elevation to account for orographic effects. A set of drought indices are then calculated from the redistributed data. We have created automated data and metadata harvesters that periodically scan and harvest new data from each of the input databases, and calculates extensions to the resulting derived data sets, ensuring that the data available on the drought server is kept up to date. This paper will describe this system, showing how it facilitates the integration of data from multiple sources to inform the planning and management of water resources during drought. The system may be accessed at http://drought.usu.edu.

Schreuders, K. A.; Tarboton, D. G.; Horsburgh, J. S.; Sen Gupta, A.; Reeder, S.

2011-12-01

219

Access and control of information and intellectual property  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper introduces the technology of two pioneering patents for the secure distribution of information and intellectual property. The seminal technology has been used in the control of sensitive material such as medical records and imagery in distributed networks. It lends itself to the implementation of an open architecture access control system that provides local or remote user selective access to digital information stored on any computer system or storage medium, down to the data element, pixel, and sub-pixel levels. Use of this technology is especially suited for electronic publishing, health care records, MIS, and auditing.

Lang, Gerald S.

1996-03-01

220

SAPHIRE International: a tool for cross-language information retrieval.  

PubMed Central

The world's foremost medical literature is written in English, yet much of the world does not speak English as a primary language. This has led to increasing research interest in cross-language information retrieval, where textual databases are queried in languages other than the one in which they are written. We describe enhancements to the SAPHIRE concept-retrieval system, which maps free-text documents and queries to concepts in the UMLS Metathesaurus, that allow it to accept text input and provide Metathesaurus concept output in any of six languages: English, German, French, Russian, Spanish, and Portuguese. An example of the use of SAPHIRE International is shown in the CliniWeb catalogue of clinically-oriented Web pages. A formative evaluation of German terms shows that additional work is required in handling plural and other suffix variants as well as expanding the breadth of synonyms in the UMLS Metathesaurus. Images Figure 2

Hersh, W. R.; Donohoe, L. C.

1998-01-01

221

Natural language interface for information management on mobile devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

A natural language interface (NLI) enables the ease-of-use of information systems in performing sophisticated human – computer interaction. To address the challenges of mobile devices to user interaction in information management, we propose an NLI as a promising solution. In this paper, we review state-of-the-art NLI technologies and analyse user requirements for managing notable information on mobile devices. To minimize any technical

L. Zhou

2007-01-01

222

Accessing and Sharing Data Using the CUAHSI Hydrologic Information System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Consortium of Universities for the Advancement of Hydrologic Science, Inc (CUAHSI) has a Hydrologic Information System (HIS) project, which is developing infrastructure to support the sharing of hydrologic data through web services and tools for data discovery, access and publication. Centralized data services support access to National Datasets such as the USGS National Water Information System (NWIS) and SNOTEL, in a standard way. Distributed data services allow users to establish their own server and publish their data through CUAHSI HIS web services. Once such a data service is registered within HIS Central, it becomes searchable and accessible through the centralized discovery and data access tools. The HIS is founded upon an information model for observations at stationary points that supports its data services. This is implemented as both XML and relational database schema for transmission and storage of data respectively. WaterML is the XML based data transmission model that underlies the machine to machine communications, while the Observations Data Model (ODM) is a relational database model for persistent data storage. Web services support access to hydrologic data stored in ODM and transmitted using WaterML directly from applications software such as Excel, MATLAB and ArcGIS that have Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP) capability. A significant value of web services derives from the capability to use them from within a user's preferred analysis environment, rather than requiring a user to learn new software. This allows a user to work with data from national and academic sources, almost as though it was on their local disk. This poster will be computer-based with internet access for demonstration of HIS tools and functionality.

Tarboton, D. G.; Horsburgh, J. S.; Whiteaker, T. L.; Maidment, D. R.; Zaslavsky, I.

2008-12-01

223

Disclosure Control of Natural Language Information to Enable Secure and Enjoyable Communication over the Internet  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Disclosure control of natural language information (DCNL), which we are trying to realize, is described. DCNL will be used for securing human communications over the internet, such as through blogs and social network services. Before sentences in the communications are disclosed, they are checked by DCNL and any phrases that could reveal sensitive information are transformed or omitted so that they are no longer revealing. DCNL checks not only phrases that directly represent sensitive information but also those that indirectly suggest it. Combinations of phrases are also checked. DCNL automatically learns the knowledge of sensitive phrases and the suggestive relations between phrases by using co-occurrence analysis and Web retrieval. The users' burden is therefore minimized, i.e., they do not need to define many disclosure control rules. DCNL complements the traditional access control in the fields where reliability needs to be balanced with enjoyment and objects classes for the access control cannot be predefined.

Kataoka, Haruno; Utsumi, Akira; Hirose, Yuki; Yoshiura, Hiroshi

224

Pennsylvania Spatial Data Access and Online Advanced Spatial Information Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Pennsylvania Spatial Data Access system (PASDA) is Pennsylvania's official geospatial information clearinghouse and the Commonwealth's node on the National Spatial Data Infrastructure. The PASDA clearinghouse provides for the widespread sharing of geospatial data, eliminates the creation of redundant data sets, and serves as a resource for locating data throughout the Commonwealth through its comprehensive standardized data storage, online free

H. Lin; G. Petersen; M. Kelly; R. Day

2002-01-01

225

Exploiting decentralized channel state information for random access  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study the use of channel state information (CSI) for random access in fading channels. Traditionally, random ac- cess protocols have been designed by assuming simple models for the physical layer where all users are symmetric, and there is no notion of channel state. We introduce a reception model that takes into account the channel states of various users. Under

Srihari Adireddy; Lang Tong

2005-01-01

226

Transfer Students: Information Accessibility, Services, and Student Engagement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to explore to what degree Florida public, 4-year universities are supporting transfer students. This included a focus on accessibility of information for transfer students, the transfer services provided by institutions, and student engagement. This mixed-methods study included three parts. Together, the findings…

Fugard, Anne Sheridan

2009-01-01

227

Hearing lips in a second language: visual articulatory information enables the perception of second language sounds  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigated the effects of visual speech information (articulatory gestures) on the perception of second language (L2)\\u000a sounds. Previous studies have demonstrated that listeners often fail to hear the difference between certain non-native phonemic\\u000a contrasts, such as in the case of Spanish native speakers regarding the Catalan sounds \\/?\\/ and \\/e\\/. Here, we tested whether\\u000a adding visual information about the

Jordi Navarra; Salvador Soto-Faraco

2007-01-01

228

48 CFR 1837.203-70 - Providing contractors access to sensitive information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...specified services will entail access to sensitive information...performance will necessitate access to sensitive information...because the service provider has access to other companies' sensitive...establish specific methods to control, mitigate, or...

2012-10-01

229

10 CFR 95.35 - Access to matter classified as National Security Information and Restricted Data.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-01-01 false Access to matter classified as National...INFORMATION AND RESTRICTED DATA Control of Information § 95.35 Access to matter classified as National...holder, or other person to have access to matter revealing...

2013-01-01

230

48 CFR 1837.203-70 - Providing contractors access to sensitive information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...specified services will entail access to sensitive information...performance will necessitate access to sensitive information...because the service provider has access to other companies' sensitive...establish specific methods to control, mitigate, or...

2011-10-01

231

Non-Procedural Languages for Information Resource Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The future of information resources management requires new approaches to implementing systems which will include a type of data base management that frees users to solve data processing problems logically by telling the system what they want, together with powerful non-procedural languages that will permit communication in simple, concise…

Bearley, William L.

232

Language features for flexible handling of exceptions in information systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

An exception-handling facility suitable for languages used to implement database-intensive information systems is presented. Such a mechanism facilitates the development and maintenance of more flexible software systems by supporting the abstraction of details concerning special or abnormal occurrences. The type constraints imposed by the schema as well as various semantic integrity assertions are considered to be normalcy conditions, and the

Alexander Borgida

1985-01-01

233

A Study of Contextualised Mobile Information Delivery for Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Mobile devices offer unique opportunities to deliver learning content in authentic learning situations. Apart from being able to play various kinds of rich multimedia content, they offer new ways of tailoring information to the learner's situation or context. This paper presents the results of a study of mobile media delivery for language

de Jong, Tim; Specht, Marcus; Koper, Rob

2010-01-01

234

Two-stage language models for information retrieval  

Microsoft Academic Search

The optimal settings of retrieval parameters often depend on both the document collection and the query, and are usually found through empirical tuning. In this paper, we propose a family of two-stage language models for information retrieval that explicitly captures the different influences of the query and document collection on the optimal settings of retrieval parameters. As a special case,

ChengXiang Zhai; John D. Lafferty

2002-01-01

235

Cross-language use of acoustic information for automatic speech recognition  

Microsoft Academic Search

Techniques are investigated that use acoustic information from existing source language databases to implement automatic speech recognition (ASR) systems for new target languages. The assumption is that the amount of target language data available is too little for the training of a robust ASR system. Strategies for cross-language use of acoustic information are evaluated which include (i) training on pooled

C. Nieuwoudt; Elizabeth C. Botha

2002-01-01

236

Information Technologies: Access to Solutions for Sustainable Human Development  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The United Nations Development Program (UNDP) has recently launched Knowledge Broker, a Web portal that provides development experts, government agencies, and private organizations with centralized "access to knowledge, practical solutions, and best practices" for using information technologies to promote sustainable human development. Knowledge Broker interconnects three Websites: INFO21, the Sustainable Development Networking Programme (SDNP), and the HORIZON Communications Solutions Site. INFO21 functions as UNDP's online resource center for information on the relationship between sustainable human development and communications technologies. The SDNP, also a UNDP site, supports connectivity and information-sharing in developing countries. And the HORIZON site, a collaborative project produced by several development research centers, offers "readily accessible peer-reviewed answers to problems in environment, health, population, and development."

1999-01-01

237

Using the information resource dictionary system command language  

SciTech Connect

This document introduces and provides examples of the Command Language of the draft proposed Information Resource Dictionary System (IRDS). A dictionary maintained by the US Air Force is defined in the IRDS and used as a continuing example throughout the document. The dictionary is populated, manipulated, and reported on using the precise syntax of the Command Language. An appendix to the document provides a complete listing of the creation of the example. Other appendices provide indices of all command appearances and all clause appearances.

Goldfine, A.

1985-04-01

238

State Data Centers: improving access to census information.  

PubMed

"The U.S. Bureau of the Census created the State Data Center program in 1978 to improve public access to census information. This article discusses the background, structure, and services of that program; the role of libraries in the program; and future directions in State Data Center/library relationships. The appendix lists contact person names, as well as addresses and telephone numbers for State Data Center lead agencies." PMID:12280593

Redmond, M

1986-01-01

239

77 FR 52321 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Enrollees Under the Senior Environmental...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FRL-9723-6] Access to Confidential Business Information by Enrollees Under...determined to be confidential business information (CBI). DATES...National Asian Pacific Center on Aging (NAPCA...granting access to confidential business information is...

2012-08-29

240

41 CFR 101-6.209-3 - Access to sources of information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2007-07-01 true Access to sources of information. 101-6.209-3 ...101-6.209-3 Access to sources of information. Each recipient shall...records, accounts, and other sources of information, and its facilities...

2011-07-01

241

28 CFR 20.34 - Individual's right to access criminal history record information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Individual's right to access criminal history record information. 20.34 Section...Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.34 Individual's right to access criminal history record information. The...

2013-07-01

242

39 CFR 255.4 - Accessibility to electronic and information technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Accessibility to electronic and information technology. 255.4 Section 255...FACILITIES, AND ELECTRONIC AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY § 255.4 Accessibility to electronic and information technology. (a) In...

2009-07-01

243

39 CFR 255.4 - Accessibility to electronic and information technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Accessibility to electronic and information technology. 255.4 Section 255...FACILITIES, AND ELECTRONIC AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY § 255.4 Accessibility to electronic and information technology. (a) In...

2010-07-01

244

16 CFR 6.152 - Program accessibility: Electronic and information technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...accessibility: Electronic and information technology. 6.152 Section 6.152 Commercial...accessibility: Electronic and information technology. (a) When developing, procuring...or using electronic and information technology, the Commission shall ensure,...

2013-01-01

245

39 CFR 255.4 - Accessibility to electronic and information technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Accessibility to electronic and information technology. 255.4 Section 255.4 Postal...FACILITIES, AND ELECTRONIC AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY § 255.4 Accessibility to electronic and information technology. (a) In accordance with...

2013-07-01

246

Effects of Lexical Factors on lexical Access among Typical Language-Learning Children and Children with Word Finding Difficulties.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Studied the influence of lexical factors, known to impact lexical access in adults, on the word retrieval of children. Participants included 320 typical and atypical language learning children, ranging from 7 to 12 years of age. Lexical factors examined included word frequency, age of acquisition, neighborhood density, neighborhood frequency, and…

Newman, Rochelle S.; German, Diane J.

2002-01-01

247

Language Processing in Children with Cochlear Implants: A Preliminary Report on Lexical Access for Production and Comprehension  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this plenary paper, we present a review of language research in children with cochlear implants along with an outline of a 5-year project designed to examine the lexical access for production and recognition. The project will use auditory priming, picture naming with auditory or visual interfering stimuli (Picture-Word Interference and…

Schwartz, Richard G.; Steinman, Susan; Ying, Elizabeth; Mystal, Elana Ying; Houston, Derek M.

2013-01-01

248

Toward Accessible Assessments: The Promises and Limitations of Test Item Adaptations for Students with Disabilities and English Language Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|When do item adaptations veer from their intent and, instead of increasing access, modify the construct being measured? This study analyzed early elementary student achievement data from a statewide field test containing both standard and adapted science items. Four student groups were included in this analysis: English language learners,…

Cawthon, Stephanie; Leppo, Rachel; Carr, Therese; Kopriva, Rebecca

2013-01-01

249

Maintenance information management using access/visual basic  

SciTech Connect

The Accelerator Electronic Support Group (AES) is the group responsible for maintaining over 100 subsystems of the Nuclear Physics Accelerator at Jefferson Lab. Presently, there are 30 employees in the AES group. It is each individual's responsibility to make entries into the AES Database. This Access/Visual Basic based database is the center for all work performed to the Accelerator by the AES group. At any time, an AES technologist can supply valuable information needed to track pending maintenance, data analysis of recurring problems, inventory tracking and the ability to export all of this information to a web based electronic log generated by Jefferson Lab Operations Group.

Michael A. Memory, Brad W. Cumbia, TJNAF

1998-05-01

250

Childhood brain tumour information on the Internet in the Chinese language  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Internet information, now available in many different languages, can become a major source of information for patients and families in their own mother tongue. Chinese represent one of most frequently spoken language in the world. The aims of this study were to critically appraise the quantity and quality of Internet health information in childhood brain tumour in the Chinese language

Loretta Lau; Darren R. Hargrave; Ute Bartels; Carlos Esquembre; Eric Bouffet

2006-01-01

251

Application of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Health Information Access and Dissemination in Uganda  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper reports on a study which assessed the application of information and communication technologies (ICT) in health information access and dissemination in Uganda. The project focused not only on information obtainable through libraries for research, teaching, learning and practice, but also on ICT applications concerned with the…

Omona, Walter; Ikoja-Odongo, Robert

2006-01-01

252

ENHANCING ACCESS TO ANIMAL HEALTH INFORMATION: ROLE OF INFORMATION SPECIALISTS IN ZAMBIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is a product of a larger study conducted between 2002 and 2004 on the state of libraries and use of Information Communication Technology (ICT) in research and academic libraries in Zambia. It examines the role of information professionals in enhancing access to animal health information under prevailing conditions. Animal health is an integral aspect of the agricultural sector,

Muyoyeta Simui

253

Opportunities for Foreign Language Learning and Use within a Learner's Informal Social Networks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Despite widespread acknowledgement of the importance of the social dimensions of second language acquisition, there has been little research on second language (L2) use and learning in the social networks of foreign language learners. This study examines the language use of a student of Japanese in Australia in two informal conversations he had…

Kurata, Naomi

2010-01-01

254

A network model for wide area access to structural information.  

PubMed Central

Structural information in medicine is information about the physical body. Recent advances in medical imaging and biotechnology have greatly increased the amount and importance of structural information, and advances in networking envisioned by the High Performance Computing and Communication Initiative (HPCC) will allow this kind of information to be delivered to remote clients over wide area networks. One of the most important factors determining the usability of such a client-server configuration is the time delay between the request for information from the server, and its presentation to the user at the client. In this paper we present a model for predicting the performance of a structural information client based on the ping time, a simple, unobtrusive network measurement. Preliminary results suggest that the relationship between ping time and transfer time for large files is linear, which if borne out by more data, will allow the performance of structural information clients at remote sites to be predicted without the expense of installing them first. At the same time, such a model will be useful for planning improvements to the network in those sites which could most benefit by wide area access to structural information.

Dailey, D. J.; Eno, K.; Zick, G. L.; Brinkley, J. F.

1993-01-01

255

A network model for wide area access to structural information.  

PubMed

Structural information in medicine is information about the physical body. Recent advances in medical imaging and biotechnology have greatly increased the amount and importance of structural information, and advances in networking envisioned by the High Performance Computing and Communication Initiative (HPCC) will allow this kind of information to be delivered to remote clients over wide area networks. One of the most important factors determining the usability of such a client-server configuration is the time delay between the request for information from the server, and its presentation to the user at the client. In this paper we present a model for predicting the performance of a structural information client based on the ping time, a simple, unobtrusive network measurement. Preliminary results suggest that the relationship between ping time and transfer time for large files is linear, which if borne out by more data, will allow the performance of structural information clients at remote sites to be predicted without the expense of installing them first. At the same time, such a model will be useful for planning improvements to the network in those sites which could most benefit by wide area access to structural information. PMID:8130523

Dailey, D J; Eno, K; Zick, G L; Brinkley, J F

1993-01-01

256

36 CFR 1256.70 - What controls access to national security-classified information?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2009-07-01 false What controls access to national security-classified...DONATED HISTORICAL MATERIALS Access to Materials Containing National...Information § 1256.70 What controls access to national...

2009-07-01

257

36 CFR 1256.70 - What controls access to national security-classified information?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-07-01 false What controls access to national security-classified...DONATED HISTORICAL MATERIALS Access to Materials Containing National...Information § 1256.70 What controls access to national...

2011-07-01

258

36 CFR 1256.70 - What controls access to national security-classified information?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-07-01 false What controls access to national security-classified...DONATED HISTORICAL MATERIALS Access to Materials Containing National...Information § 1256.70 What controls access to national...

2010-07-01

259

36 CFR 1256.70 - What controls access to national security-classified information?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-07-01 false What controls access to national security-classified...DONATED HISTORICAL MATERIALS Access to Materials Containing National...Information § 1256.70 What controls access to national...

2012-07-01

260

Bengali-English Relevant Cross Lingual Information Access Using Finite Automata  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

CLIR techniques searches unrestricted texts and typically extract term and relationships from bilingual electronic dictionaries or bilingual text collections and use them to translate query and/or document representations into a compatible set of representations with a common feature set. In this paper, we focus on dictionary-based approach by using a bilingual data dictionary with a combination to statistics-based methods to avoid the problem of ambiguity also the development of human computer interface aspects of NLP (Natural Language processing) is the approach of this paper. The intelligent web search with regional language like Bengali is depending upon two major aspect that is CLIA (Cross language information access) and NLP. In our previous work with IIT, KGP we already developed content based CLIA where content based searching in trained on Bengali Corpora with the help of Bengali data dictionary. Here we want to introduce intelligent search because to recognize the sense of meaning of a sentence and it has a better real life approach towards human computer interactions.

Banerjee, Avishek; Bhattacharyya, Swapan; Hazra, Simanta; Mondal, Shatabdi

2010-10-01

261

42 CFR 480.144 - Access to QIO data and information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-10-01 false Access to QIO data and information...INFORMATION Utilization and Quality Control Quality Improvement Organizations...Information § 480.144 Access to QIO data and information...requests of researchers for access to QIO confidential...

2012-10-01

262

Accessibility of Early Experience Through the Language of Origin: A Theoretical Integration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Emotionally laden early linguistic engrams and memory traces are inherently contained in language and are inextricably bound to the language and cultural context of origin. Although defining our therapies as the \\

Anna Aragno; Peter J. Schlachet

1996-01-01

263

Language Spoken and Differences in Health Status, Access to Care, and Receipt of Preventive Services Among US Hispanics  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We examined self-reported health status, health behaviors, access to care, and use of preventive services of the US Hispanic adult population to identify language-associated disparities. Methods. We analyzed 2003 to 2005 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data from 45 076 Hispanic adults in 23 states, who represented 90% of the US Hispanic population, and compared 25 health indicators between Spanish-speaking Hispanics and English-speaking Hispanics. Results. Physical activity and rates of chronic disease, obesity, and smoking were significantly lower among Spanish-speaking Hispanics than among English-speaking Hispanics. Spanish-speaking Hispanics reported far worse health status and access to care than did English-speaking Hispanics (39% vs 17% in fair or poor health, 55% vs 23% uninsured, and 58% vs 29% without a personal doctor) and received less preventive care. Adjustment for demographic and socioeconomic factors did not mitigate the influence of language on these health indicators. Conclusions. Spanish-language preference marks a particularly vulnerable subpopulation of US Hispanics who have less access to care and use of preventive services. Priority areas for Spanish-speaking adults include maintenance of healthy behaviors, promotion of physical activity and preventive health care, and increased access to care.

Gizlice, Ziya

2008-01-01

264

Uses of Formal and Informal Assessments of English Language Learners in a Language Experience Class, School Year 2007-2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper will compare the uses of selected formal and informal assessments of English language learners (ELLs) in the Language Experience class [TRANSLANGEXP7(&8)-008] at Kimball Middle School, Illinois School District U-46, Elgin, Illinois, during school year 2007- 2008. See figure 1 (page 14) for a graphic display of these assessments and…

Montgomery, Joel R.

2008-01-01

265

Document language models, query models, and risk minimization for information retrieval  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a framework for information retrieval that combines document models and query models using a probabilistic ranking function based on Bayesian decision theory. The framework suggests an operational retrieval model that extends recent developments in the language modeling approach to information retrieval. A language model for each document is estimated, as well as a language model for each query,

John D. Lafferty; Chengxiang Zhai

2001-01-01

266

42 CFR 433.127 - Termination of FFP for failure to provide access to claims processing and information retrieval...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...provide access to claims processing and information retrieval systems. ...ADMINISTRATION Mechanized Claims Processing and Information Retrieval Systems ...provide access to claims processing and information retrieval...

2010-10-01

267

42 CFR 433.127 - Termination of FFP for failure to provide access to claims processing and information retrieval...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...provide access to claims processing and information retrieval systems. ...ADMINISTRATION Mechanized Claims Processing and Information Retrieval Systems ...provide access to claims processing and information retrieval...

2009-10-01

268

42 CFR 433.127 - Termination of FFP for failure to provide access to claims processing and information retrieval...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...provide access to claims processing and information retrieval systems. ...ADMINISTRATION Mechanized Claims Processing and Information Retrieval Systems ...provide access to claims processing and information retrieval...

2012-10-01

269

National Policy and Access to Federal Information--A View from the Hinterlands.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

National information policy should recognize the depository library system as the public's natural and traditional access point to Federal information. Despite efforts of agencies, Congress, and national commissions to improve access, citizens are still c...

H. E. Welsh

1978-01-01

270

12 CFR 352.5 - Accessibility to electronic and information technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 5 2013-01-01...false Accessibility to electronic and information technology...Section 352.5 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE...5 Accessibility to electronic and information...

2013-01-01

271

47 CFR 79.2 - Accessibility of programming providing emergency information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Accessibility of programming providing emergency information. 79...CAPTIONING AND VIDEO DESCRIPTION OF VIDEO PROGRAMMING § 79.2 Accessibility of programming providing emergency information....

2010-10-01

272

47 CFR 79.2 - Accessibility of programming providing emergency information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-10-01 false Accessibility of programming providing emergency information. 79...CAPTIONING AND VIDEO DESCRIPTION OF VIDEO PROGRAMMING § 79.2 Accessibility of programming providing emergency information....

2009-10-01

273

DoD (Department of Defense) Gateway Information System (DGIS): Common Command Language Mapping,  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The DoD Gateway Information System (DGIS) Common Command Language (CCL) project was initiated to provide a single standard command language for searching any online database system. This report relates the requirements analysis for the initial CCL prototy...

R. L. Bixby

1987-01-01

274

Cross-enterprise search and access to clinical information based on IHE Retrieve Information for Display  

Microsoft Academic Search

One important problem of information systems in healthcare is the localisation and access to electronic patient records across healthcare institute boundaries, especially in an international setting. The Integrating the Healthcare Enterprise initiative proposes the Retrieve Information for Display integration profile that enables a user to retrieve and display patient related documents on systems other than the document keeping systems. The

Thomas Aden; Marco Eichelberg

2005-01-01

275

Person-Wise Privacy Level Access Control for Personal Information Directory Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes a policy-based access control mechanism for the personal information directory service systems which prevents\\u000a the information users from illegally accessing the personal information and enables the information subjects to control access\\u000a to their own information. In the proposed mechanism, the individuals’ personal information which is encrypted with different\\u000a keys is stored into the directory repository. In order

Hyung-jin Mun; Keon-myung Lee; Sang-Ho Lee

2006-01-01

276

Applying Aggregation Operators for Information Access Systems: An Application in Digital Libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nowadays, the information access on the Web is a main problem in the computer science community. Any major advance in the field of information access on the Web requires the collaboration of dierent methodologies and research areas. In this paper, the concept of aggregation operator playing a role for information access on the Web is analyzed. We present some Web

Enrique Herrera-Viedma; Sergio Alonso; Josefina V ´ ilchezb; Antonio Gabriel Lopez-Herrera

277

Linguistic Information Retrieval Program for Analysis of Aboriginal Languages.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report concerns the processing of text collections in 112 aboriginal languages into concordance form as a means of facilitating the linguistic analysis of those languages. A list of the languages for which text collections were processed is included.

J. E. Grimes R. V. Andree

1967-01-01

278

Language Micro-gaming: Fun and Informal Microblogging Activities for Language Learning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

'Learning is an active process of constructing rather than acquiring knowledge and instruction is a process of supporting that construction rather than communicating knowledge' [1]. Can this process of learning be fun for the learner? Successful learning involves a mixture of work and fun. One of the recent web 2.0 services that can offer great possibilities for learning is Microblogging [2]. This kind of motivation can raise students' natural curiosity and interest which promotes learning. Play can also promote excitement, enjoyment, and a relaxing atmosphere. As Vygotsky (1933) [3] advocates, play creates a zone of proximal development (ZDP) in children. According to Vygotsky, the ZDP is the distance between one's actual developmental level and one's potential developmental level when interacting with someone and/or something in the social environment [4]. Play can be highly influential in learning. What happens when play becomes informal learning supported by web 2.0 technologies? Practical ideas applied in an Italian foreign language classroom using microblogging to promote fun and informal learning showed that microblogging can enhance motivation, participation, collaboration and practice in basic language skills.

Perifanou, Maria A.

279

Accessing Genetic Information with High-Density DNA Arrays  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Rapid access to genetic information is central to the revolution taking place in molecular genetics. The simultaneous analysis of the entire human mitochondrial genome is described here. DNA arrays containing up to 135,000 probes complementary to the 16.6-kilobase human mitochondrial genome were generated by light-directed chemical synthesis. A two-color labeling scheme was developed that allows simultaneous comparison of a polymorphic target to a reference DNA or RNA. Complete hybridization patterns were revealed in a matter of minutes. Sequence polymorphisms were detected with single-base resolution and unprecedented efficiency. The methods described are generic and can be used to address a variety of questions in molecular genetics including gene expression, genetic linkage, and genetic variability.

Chee, Mark; Yang, Robert; Hubbell, Earl; Berno, Anthony; Huang, Xiaohua C.; Stern, David; Winkler, Jim; Lockhart, David J.; Morris, Macdonald S.; Fodor, Stephen P. A.

1996-10-01

280

Welcoming America's Newest Immigrants: Providing Access to Resources and Services for English Language Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|America has always been a nation of immigrants, and many school libraries serve students whose first language is not English. In AASL's 2009 "School Libraries Count! Survey," 14% of the 5,824 respondents reported a student population with 25% or more English language learners. Yet 91% reported that less than 5% of their collections are in a…

Adams, Helen R.

2010-01-01

281

Using Sign Language to Access Right Brain Communication: A Tool for Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The use of sign language is suggested as a way to stimulate and educate the right brain, thereby cultivating student creativity. Sign language's benefits are that it forces the hearing person to think differently, can add clarity to oral communication, and could be applied to help children with learning disabilities. (JDD)|

Hendren, Glen R.

1989-01-01

282

Effects of Iconicity and Semantic Relatedness on Lexical Access in American Sign Language  

Microsoft Academic Search

Iconicity is a property that pervades the lexicon of many sign languages, including American Sign Language (ASL). Iconic signs exhibit a motivated, nonarbitrary mapping between the form of the sign and its meaning. We investigated whether iconicity enhances semantic priming effects for ASL and whether iconic signs are recognized more quickly than noniconic signs are (controlling for strength of iconicity,

Rain G. Bosworth; Karen Emmorey

2010-01-01

283

Medical education and information literacy in the era of open access.  

PubMed

The Open Access movement in scholarly communications poses new issues and concerns for medical education in general and information literacy education specifically. For medical educators, Open Access can affect the availability of new information, instructional materials, and scholarship in medical education. For students, Open Access materials continue to be available to them post-graduation, regardless of affiliation. Libraries and information literacy librarians are challenged in their responses to the Open Access publishing movement in how best to support Open Access endeavors within their own institutions, and how best to educate their user base about Open Access in general. PMID:20391168

Brower, Stewart M

2010-01-01

284

A study of smoothing methods for language models applied to information retrieval  

Microsoft Academic Search

Language modeling approaches to information retrieval are attractive and promising because they connect the problem of retrieval with that of language model estimation, which has been studied extensively in other application areas such as speech recognition. The basic idea of these approaches is to estimate a language model for each document, and to then rank documents by the likelihood of

Chengxiang Zhai; John D. Lafferty

2004-01-01

285

A study of smoothing methods for language models applied to Ad Hoc information retrieval  

Microsoft Academic Search

Language modeling approaches to information retrieval are attractive and promising because they connect the problem of retrieval with that of language model estimation, which has been studied extensively in other application areas such as speech recognition. The basic idea of these approaches is to estimate a language model for each document, and then rank documents by the likelihood of the

Chengxiang Zhai; John D. Lafferty

2001-01-01

286

Accessibility of Health Information on the Internet to the Visually Impaired User  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: Web sites containing health information should be accessible to visually impaired persons. Methods: 139 web sites containing medical information addressing laymen or patients were evaluated with respect to their accessibility. A quantitative checklist which is based upon the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) was used. Results: Only 18% (15 sites) achieved WAI (Web

Marc Lüchtenberg; Claudia Kuhli-Hattenbach; Yesim Sinangin; Christian Ohrloff; Rainer Schalnus

2008-01-01

287

76 FR 69722 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Protection Strategies Incorporated  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...EPA-HQ-OPPT-2003-0004; FRL-8891-8] Access to Confidential Business Information...involving a contractor cleared for access to the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) confidential business...PSI of Arlington, VA, to access information which has been...

2011-11-09

288

Towards a system-wide and transparent security mechanism using language-level information flow control  

Microsoft Academic Search

Operating systems try to provide secure platforms using appropriate security mechanisms like DAC and MAC. In spite of this, information confidentiality is not totally provided when information flows in the program memory space. Programming language level security techniques have thus been introduced to provide secure information flow inside programs. Existing works on programming language level are problematic though because their

Mohammad Reza Azadmanesh; Mohsen Sharifi

2010-01-01

289

Barriers to open access to scientific information in Kenya, with particular reference to agricultural information  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper is based on a qualitative PhD study that sought to investigate factors affecting the adoption of ICT for research communication among researchers in research institutions in Kenya. It shares empirical insights and experiences about barriers to open access (OA) initiatives in scientific research communication, with particular reference to agricultural information, that are unique to scholars and researchers in

Florence N. N. Muinde; G. E. Gorman

2009-01-01

290

75 FR 81266 - Access by EPA Contractors to Information Claimed as Confidential Business Information (CBI...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Gas (GHG) Reporting Rule, 40 CFR Part 98, Subparts...Gas (GHG) Reporting Rule, 40 CFR Part 98, subparts...INFORMATION CONTACT: Anne-Marie C. Pastorkovich...address: pastorkovich.anne-marie@epa.gov...Mandatory GHG Reporting Rule. Access to data,...

2010-12-27

291

Access Services Education in Library and Information Science Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article defines the elements of Access Services, explains the importance of those aspects in the library, and proposes a course centered on Access Services for library schools. The areas of circulation, interlibrary loan, course reserves, collection maintenance, and public relations are core components of Access Services. Each of those…

McCaslin, David

2009-01-01

292

Eye Movements and Lexical Access in Spoken-Language Comprehension: Evaluating a Linking Hypothesis between Fixations and Linguistic Processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

A growing number of researchers in the sentence processing community are using eye movements to address issues in spoken language comprehension. Experiments using this paradigm have shown that visually presented referential information, including properties of referents relevant to specific actions, influences even the earliest moments of syntactic processing. Methodological concerns about task-specific strategies and the linking hypothesis between eye movements

Michael K. Tanenhaus; James S. Magnuson; Delphine Dahan; Craig Chambers

2000-01-01

293

What Does "Informed Consent" Mean in the Internet Age? Publishing Sign Language Corpora as Open Content  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Recent technologies in the area of video and Internet are allowing the creation and online publication of large signed language corpora. Primarily addressing the needs of linguists and other researchers, because of their unique character in history these data collections are also made accessible online for a general audience. This "open access"…

Crasborn, Onno

2010-01-01

294

76 FR 30227 - On behalf of the Accessibility Committee of the Federal Chief Information Officers Council...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...government attract wider support from the greater information technology (IT) community in accessibility and assistive technology (AT)? What is private industry doing to implement IT accessibility that the Federal government should...

2011-05-24

295

76 FR 77224 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Primus Solutions, Inc.  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FRL-9329-3] Access to Confidential Business Information by Primus Solutions, Inc. AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA...SUMMARY: EPA has authorized its contractor, Primus Solutions, Inc. (Primus) of Greenbelt, MD, to access...

2011-12-12

296

Relevant responding in pragmatic language impairment: the role of language variation in the information-soliciting utterance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Responding relevantly to an information-soliciting utterance (ISU) is required of a school-age child many times daily. For the' child with pragmatic language difficulties, this may be especially problematic, yet clinicians have had few data to design intervention for improving these skills. This small-scale study looks at the ability of a child with pragmatic language difficulties to respond relevantly to ISUs

Vannesa T Vigil; Julia A Eyer; W Paul Hardee

2005-01-01

297

Language Difference and Communication Policy in the Information Age  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study argues that language difference is an important, though often neglected, element in contemporary flows of audiovisual media and organizations' efforts to influence them through policy. Because linguistic issues overlap a number of policy areas, including trade, culture, language, and communication, this study advocates for increased attention to language-related concerns within and across those areas by policymakers and researchers

Kenton T. Wilkinson

2004-01-01

298

Sign Language Web Pages  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The World Wide Web has changed the way people interact. It has also become an important equalizer of information access for many social sectors. However, for many people, including some sign language users, Web accessing can be difficult. For some, it not only presents another barrier to overcome but has left them without cultural equality. The…

Fels, Deborah I.; Richards, Jan; Hardman, Jim; Lee, Daniel G.

2006-01-01

299

English language proficiency and geographical proximity to a safety net clinic as a predictor of health care access.  

PubMed

Studies suggest that proximity to a safety net clinic (SNC) promotes access to care among the uninsured. Distance-based barriers to care may be greater for people with limited English proficiency (LEP), compared to those who are English proficient (EP), but this has not been explored. We assessed the relationship between distance to the nearest SNC and access in non-rural uninsured adults in California, and examined whether this relationship differs by language proficiency. Using the 2005 California Health Interview Survey and a list we compiled of California's SNCs, we calculated distance between uninsured interviewee residence and the exact address of the nearest SNC. Using multivariate regression to adjust for other relevant characteristics, we examined associations between this distance and interviewee's probability of having a usual source of health care (USOC) and having visited a physician in the prior 12 months. To examine differences by language proficiency, we included interactions between distance and language proficiency. Uninsured LEP adults living within 2 miles of a SNC were 9.3% less likely than their EP counterparts to have a USOC (P = 0.046). Further, distance to the nearest SNC was inversely associated with the probability of having a USOC among LEP, but not among EP; consequently, the difference between LEP and EP in the probability of having a USOC widened with increasing distance to the nearest SNC. There was no difference between LEP and EP adults living within 2 miles of a SNC in likelihood of having a physician visit; however, as with USOC, distance to the nearest SNC was inversely associated with the probability of having a physician visit among LEP but not EP. The effect sizes diminished, but remained significant, when we included county fixed effects in the models. Having LEP is a barrier to health care access, which compounds when combined with increased distance to the nearest SNC, among uninsured adults. Future studies should explore potential mechanisms so that appropriate interventions can be implemented. PMID:21170588

Cordasco, Kristina M; Ponce, Ninez A; Gatchell, Melissa S; Traudt, Brandon; Escarce, José J

2011-04-01

300

Language processing in children with cochlear implants: a preliminary report on lexical access for production and comprehension.  

PubMed

In this plenary paper, we present a review of language research in children with cochlear implants along with an outline of a 5-year project designed to examine the lexical access for production and recognition. The project will use auditory priming, picture naming with auditory or visual interfering stimuli (Picture-Word Interference and Picture-Picture Interference, respectively) and eye tracking paradigms to examine the roles of semantic and various phonological factors. Preliminary data are presented from auditory priming, picture-word interference and picture-picture interference tasks. The emergence of group difference is briefly discussed. PMID:23489339

Schwartz, Richard G; Steinman, Susan; Ying, Elizabeth; Mystal, Elana Ying; Houston, Derek M

2013-04-01

301

Language Preferences on Websites and in Google Searches for Human Health and Food Information  

PubMed Central

Background While it is known that the majority of pages on the World Wide Web are in English, little is known about the preferred language of users searching for health information online. Objectives (1) To help global and domestic publishers, for example health and food agencies, to determine the need for translation of online information from English into local languages. (2) To help these agencies determine which language(s) they should select when publishing information online in target nations and for target subpopulations within nations. Methods To estimate the percentage of Web publishers that translate their health and food websites, we measured the frequency at which domain names retrieved by Google overlap for language translations of the same health-related search term. To quantify language choice of searchers from different countries, Google provided estimates of the rate at which its search engine was queried in six languages relative to English for the terms “avian flu,” “tuberculosis,” “schizophrenia,” and “maize” (corn) from January 2004 to April 2006. The estimate was based on a 20% sample of all Google queries from 227 nations. Results We estimate that 80%-90% of health- and food-related institutions do not translate their websites into multiple languages, even when the information concerns pandemic disease such as avian influenza. Although Internet users are often well-educated, there was a strong preference for searching for health and food information in the local language, rather than English. For “avian flu,” we found that only 1% of searches in non-English-speaking nations were in English, whereas for “tuberculosis” or “schizophrenia,” about 4%-40% of searches in non-English countries employed English. A subset of searches for health information presumably originating from immigrants occurred in their native tongue, not the language of the adopted country. However, Spanish-language online searches for “avian flu,” “schizophrenia,” and “maize/corn” in the United States occurred at only <1% of the English search rate, although the US online Hispanic population constitutes 12% of the total US online population. Sub-Saharan Africa and Bangladesh searches for health information occurred in unexpected languages, perhaps reflecting the presence of aid workers and the global migration of Internet users, respectively. In Latin America, indigenous-language search terms were often used rather than Spanish. Conclusions (1) Based on the strong preference for searching the Internet for health information in the local language, indigenous language, or immigrant language of origin, global and domestic health and food agencies should continue their efforts to translate their institutional websites into more languages. (2) We have provided linguistic online search pattern data to help health and food agencies better select languages for targeted website publishing.

Singh, Punam Mony; Wight, Carly A; Sercinoglu, Olcan; Wilson, David C; Boytsov, Artem

2007-01-01

302

Internationalizing the Right to Know: Conceptualizations of Access to Information in Human Rights Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Currently there exists a global movement promoting institutional transparency and freedom of information legislation. Conceptualizing access to government-held information as a human right is one of the latest developments in this global trend promoting access to information. The purpose of this dissertation is to identify and analyze the various…

Bishop, Cheryl Ann

2009-01-01

303

A Model for a New Approach to Federal Government Information Access and Dissemination.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In July 1995, the Forum on Government Information Policy, representatives of several library associations, developed the "Model for New Universe of Federal Information Access and Dissemination." The model proposes to: (1) reconceptualize federal information access and dissemination responsibilities; and (2) reinvent the Federal Depository Library…

Turock, Betty J.; Henderson, Carol C.

1996-01-01

304

Distributed planning and monitoring in a dynamic environment: trade-offs of information access and privacy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Distributed planning and monitoring relies on wide, lateral information access that may promote anticipatory behaviour, opportunistic planning and redundant checking and monitoring. The reliability of the resulting system performance is thus enhanced. However, information access control is often critical given the wide adoption of information technology. After presenting findings of several field studies related to the strategies used by distributed

Yan Xiao; Peter Hu; F. Jacob Seagull; C. F. Mackenzie; Jos de Visser; Peter. Wieringa

2003-01-01

305

US Government Information: Selected Current Issues in Public Access vs. Private Competition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of the dissemination of government information focuses on the debate concerning public versus private access to government information; efforts of the National Technical Information Service (NTIS); electronic access and the need for printed documents; and joint efforts between government agencies and the private sector to charge for…

McMullen, Susan

2000-01-01

306

Exploiting Lexical Knowledge in Learning User Profiles for Intelligent Information Access to Digital Collections  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Algorithms designed to support users in retrieving relevant information base their relevance computations on user profiles, in which representations of the users interests are maintained. This paper focuses on the use of supervised machine learning techniques to induce user profiles for Intelligent Information Access. The access must be personalized by profiles allowing users to retrieve information on the basis of

Giovanni Semeraro; Pasquale Lops; Marco Degemmis; Claudia Niederée; Avare Stewart

2005-01-01

307

12 CFR Appendix B to Part 748 - Guidance on Response Programs for Unauthorized Access to Member Information and Member Notice  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...paragraph III.C. a. Access controls on member information systems, including controls to authenticate and permit access only to authorized individuals...credit unions should place access controls on member information...

2013-01-01

308

The Sound of Motion in Spoken Language: Visual Information Conveyed by Acoustic Properties of Speech  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Language is generally viewed as conveying information through symbols whose form is arbitrarily related to their meaning. This arbitrary relation is often assumed to also characterize the mental representations underlying language comprehension. We explore the idea that visuo-spatial information can be analogically conveyed through acoustic…

Shintel, Hadas; Nusbaum, Howard C.

2007-01-01

309

32 CFR 310.17 - Individual access to personal information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...the United States of America that the foregoing is true...to be accompanied by a third party when seeking access to...released directly to a third party, the individual may...authorization granting the third-party access. (vi)...

2013-07-01

310

Managing student access to university information networks - the Australian experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Demand by students for access to institutional computing and network resources is a management issue for universities throughout the world. A survey of the IT directors of Australian universities was conducted. The survey sought details of the provision of IT resources to students and particularly the management of network resources for access to institutional CWISs and to the wider Internet.

Roger Debreceny; Allan Ellis

1998-01-01

311

Using a network menu and the UMLS Information Sources Map to facilitate access to online reference materials.  

PubMed Central

As computer technology advances, clinicians and biomedical researchers are becoming more dependent upon information from online databases and information systems. By using specially configured computer workstations and high-speed computer networks, it is now possible to access this information in a rapid and straightforward manner. To empower users by providing these capabilities, the authors are assembling a variety of network workstations to be located throughout Yale-New Haven Medical Center. At the heart of the workstation is NetMenu, a program designed to help users connect to a number of important online information systems, including a hospital order entry and results reporting system, a drug reference, bibliographic retrieval systems, and educational programs. In addition, as part of the National Library of Medicine's Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) project, the authors have developed a local prototype of the UMLS Information Sources Map (ISM) and a companion query assistant program to complement the NetMenu in helping users select and connect automatically to information services relevant to a particular question. The ISM query assistant draws from a listing of many online information sources accessible via local and international networks.

Clyman, J I; Powsner, S M; Paton, J A; Miller, P L

1993-01-01

312

Evaluation of Automated Natural Language Processing in the Further Development of Science Information Retrieval.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report describes advances in computerized natural language processing (NLP) and relates them to present and potential functions of information systems. Section 1 summarizes developments in the information field which have led to a renewed interest in ...

N. Sager

1976-01-01

313

Group disparities and health information: a study of online access for the underserved.  

PubMed

The Internet is an oft-cited learning resource, useful to consumers who seek to educate themselves on specific technical issues or knowledge-intensive topics. Availability of public-access Internet portals and decreasing costs of personal computers have created a consensus that unequal access to information, or a "Digital Divide", presents a like problem specific to information for uninsured or under-insured healthcare consumers. Access to information, however, is now an essential part of consumer-centric healthcare management. To date little research has been done to differentiate levels of health information access on the Web by different subgroups, linking online socioeconomic characteristics and health seeking behaviors. This analysis of a landmark Pew Foundation survey seeks to differentiate and delineate information access, or lack of desired access, across targeted, "digitally underserved" subgroups. PMID:18258673

Lorence, Daniel; Park, Heeyoung

2008-03-01

314

76 FR 9012 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Electronic Consulting Services, Inc.  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Electronic Consulting Services, Inc. (ECS) of Fairfax, VA, to access information...number GS-35F-0601K, Order Number 1666 ECS will require access to CBI submitted to...the duties specified under the contract. ECS' personnel will be given access to...

2011-02-16

315

Access to French as Second Official Language Programs in English-Dominant Canada  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Language policies in any country exist within socio-historical contexts--embedded in history and influenced by socio-political factors. In Canada, such factors were the impetus to the formation of the Royal Commission on Bilingualism and Biculturalism, which was grounded in an English/French partnership and recommended that Canada become an…

Mady, Callie; Black, Glenda

2012-01-01

316

Making Learning Accessible for Sign Language Interpreters: A Process of Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article outlines an innovative project conducted at Macquarie University, in order to instigate a change in the delivery of the Postgraduate Diploma in Auslan/English Interpreting. This is the first reported educational change project focusing on the training of sign language interpreters. The goal of the project was to research and develop a…

Napier, Jemina

2005-01-01

317

Language and Education Orientations in Lithuania: A Cross-Baltic Perspective Post-EU Accession  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper presents an up-to-date overview of language policies and practices in Lithuania, paying particular attention to the latest developments that have taken place in national educational contexts. Against the background of recent sociodemographic changes in the three Baltic republics, Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia, it analyzes issues…

Bulajeva, Tatjana; Hogan-Brun, Gabrielle

2008-01-01

318

Systems Limitations Hamper Integration of Accessible Information Technology in Northwest U.S. K-12 Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although federal U.S. regulations require schools to provide equal access to educational opportunities for all students, many technologies used in K-12 schools present accessibility barriers for students with disabilities. Interviews assessed knowledge of educational department staff, teachers, and parents of children in K-12 schools in the Pacific Northwest U.S. regarding accessible electronic and information technology, barriers to technology access, and

Jennifer P. Wisdom; Nathan White; Kimberley Goldsmith; Sarann Bielavitz; Amy Rees; Charles Davis

2007-01-01

319

Evaluating opportunities for expanded information access: a study of the accessibility of four online databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author presents the results of a survey conducted for the purpose of evaluating the accessibility of four proprietary Web-based online resources: EBSCOhost MasterFile Elite, Electric Library Plus, Encyclopaedia Britannica Online, and The Oxford English Dictionary Online. The survey respondents were computer users who are blind or visually impaired and were already comfortable with using the World Wide Web. The

Jennifer Horwath

2002-01-01

320

Open access indicators and information society: the Latin American case  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to estimate open access penetration ratios through cross-analysis of existing social context and open access indicators in Latin America. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The following parameters were used to characterize the chosen countries. On one hand, it takes social context indicators like digital opportunity index (DOI), GDP 2007 (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development)

Nancy Gómez; Atilio Bustos-gonzález; Julio Santillan-aldana; Olga Arias

2009-01-01

321

An Observational Study of Consumers' Accessing of Nutrition Information in Chain Restaurants  

PubMed Central

In this observational study, we determined how frequently consumers accessed on-premises nutrition information provided at chain restaurants. The number of patrons entering and accessing nutrition information was recorded at 8 locations that were part of 4 major restaurant chains (McDonald's, Burger King, Starbucks, and Au Bon Pain). Only 6 (0.1%) of 4311 patrons accessed on-premises nutrition information before purchasing food. This very small percentage suggests that such information should be more prominently displayed, such as on restaurant menu boards, to help customers make informed decisions.

Agnew, Henry; Brownell, Kelly D.

2009-01-01

322

77 FR 42339 - Improving Contracting Officers' Access to Relevant Integrity Information  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...access to relevant information about contractor business ethics in the Federal Awardee Performance and Integrity Information...facilitate the Government's ability to evaluate the business ethics of prospective contractors and protect the...

2012-07-18

323

78 FR 13088 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Access to...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...information collection under Control Number 1210-0131. The current...comments should mention OMB Control Number 1210-0131. The OMB...DOL-EBSA. Title of Collection: Access to Multiemployer Plan Information. OMB Control Number: 1210-0131....

2013-02-26

324

Relevant Responding in Pragmatic Language Impairment: The Role of Language Variation in the Information-Soliciting Utterance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Responding relevantly to an information-soliciting utterance (ISU) is required of a school-age child many times daily. For the child with pragmatic language difficulties, this may be especially problematic, yet clinicians have had few data to design intervention for improving these skills. This small-scale study looks at the ability of a child…

Vigil, Vannesa T.; Eyer, Julia A.; Hardee, W Paul

2005-01-01

325

Effects of iconicity and semantic relatedness on lexical access in american sign language.  

PubMed

Iconicity is a property that pervades the lexicon of many sign languages, including American Sign Language (ASL). Iconic signs exhibit a motivated, nonarbitrary mapping between the form of the sign and its meaning. We investigated whether iconicity enhances semantic priming effects for ASL and whether iconic signs are recognized more quickly than noniconic signs are (controlling for strength of iconicity, semantic relatedness, familiarity, and imageability). Twenty deaf signers made lexical decisions to the 2nd item of a prime-target pair. Iconic target signs were preceded by prime signs that were (a) iconic and semantically related, (b) noniconic and semantically related, or (c) semantically unrelated. In addition, a set of noniconic target signs was preceded by semantically unrelated primes. Significant facilitation was observed for target signs when they were preceded by semantically related primes. However, iconicity did not increase the priming effect (e.g., the target sign PIANO was primed equally by the iconic sign GUITAR and the noniconic sign MUSIC). In addition, iconic signs were not recognized faster or more accurately than were noniconic signs. These results confirm the existence of semantic priming for sign language and suggest that iconicity does not play a robust role in online lexical processing. PMID:20919784

Bosworth, Rain G; Emmorey, Karen

2010-11-01

326

Rights of Access in the Information Society: Europe's Quandary Over the Exploitation of Public Sector Data.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews 10 years of debate in Europe on commercial rights of access to government information, starting with the United Kingdom's innovative Government Tradable Information Guidelines of 1996 and ending with the European Commission's Draft Green Paper on Rights of Access in 1996. United States market development and commercial rights of…

Worlock, David R.

327

Exploring the Use of a Virtual Map Shop as an Interface for Accessing Geographical Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

The need for designers to consider the wide range of user preferences and how they (the users) interact with contemporary map information packages is paramount when developing effective interfaces for information access, retrieval and use. It is argued that a suite of metaphors, allowing users to choose the most effective access method for their application makes for a more effective

William E. Cartwright

328

Rights of Access in the Information Society: Europe's Quandary Over the Exploitation of Public Sector Data.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper reviews 10 years of debate in Europe on commercial rights of access to government information, starting with the United Kingdom's innovative Government Tradable Information Guidelines of 1996 and ending with the European Commission's Draft Green Paper on Rights of Access in 1996. United States market development and commercial rights…

Worlock, David R.

329

Efficient Information Access for Location-Based Services in Mobile Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The demand for pervasive access of location-related information (e.g., local traffic, restaurant locations, navigation maps, weather conditions, pollution index, etc.) fosters a tremendous application base of "Location Based Services (LBSs)". Without loss of generality, we model location-related information as "spatial objects" and the accesses

Lee, Chi Keung

2009-01-01

330

Information Technology and Chinese Language Instruction: A Search for Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Future technological advancements in computers will soon provide high-definition video and graphics ability to simulate language learning situations. Trends in technological options, networks, word processing, and database management are explored, and their usefulness to Chinese language study is discussed. (59 references) (CB)|

Alber, Charles J.

1989-01-01

331

European Language Qualifications: Information on Standards of Proficiency.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Focuses on the need to develop a standard of language qualifications to facilitate the movement of workers within the European Union and on the establishment of a framework with five language levels relating to vocational qualifications by LangCred. Certificates and examinations assigned to the first three levels are stored in a database system.…

Van Weeren, Jan

1995-01-01

332

Tablets for Informal Language Learning: Student Usage and Attitudes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Mobile-assisted language learning (MALL), a relatively new area of CALL inquiry, is gaining more and more attention from language educators with the development of new mobile devices. Tablet computers--featuring high mobility, convenient network connectivity, and smart application extendibility--are part of a wave of the latest mobile inventions;…

Chen, Xiao-Bin

2013-01-01

333

Less Frequently Taught Languages: Basic Information and Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following articles are presented in the section of the Northeast Conference Report on less frequently taught languages: (1) "American Sign Language," by M. Conwell and A. Nelson; (2) "Chinese," by D. Gidman; (3) "Japanese," by J. P. Berwald and T. Phipps; (4) "Latin," by M. Cleary; (5) "Portuguese," by R. Pedro Carvalho; and (6) "Russian," by…

Conwell, Marilyn; And Others

334

Tools for Language Programs. ICEM Technical Information Bulletin No. 19.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This overview of available technologies and how they can be used in teaching languages is divided into three sections. The first, "Multimedia Inputs," examines digitized multimedia tools and their role in language courses, electronic books, encyclopedias and dictionaries, and games, and takes a closer look at "unimedia" products and audiovisual…

Bezard, M.; Bourguignon, C.

335

System architecture and information model for integrated access to distributed biomedical information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The current trend towards systems medicine will rely heavily on computational and bioinformatics capabilities to collect, integrate, and analyze massive amounts of data from disparate sources. The objective is to use this information to make medical decisions that improve patient care. At Georgetown University Medical Center, we are developing an informatics capability to integrate several research and clinical databases. Our long term goal is to provide researchers at Georgetown's Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center better access to aggregated molecular and clinical information facilitating the investigation of new hypotheses that impact patient care. We also recognize the need for data mining tools and intelligent agents to help researchers in these efforts. This paper describes our initial work to create a flexible platform for researchers and physicians that provides access to information sources including clinical records, medical images, genomic, epigenomic, proteomic and metabolomic data. This paper describes the data sources selected for this pilot project and possible approaches to integrating these databases. We present the different database integration models that we considered. We conclude by outlining the proposed Information Model for the project.

Kim, Dongkyu; Alaoui, Adil; Levine, Betty; Leondaridis, Leonidas; Shields, Peter; Byers, Steve; Cleary, Kevin

2009-02-01

336

Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 2.0: A Further Step towards Accessible Digital Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explain the changes in the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0 compared with WCAG 1.0 within the context of its historical development. Design/methodology/approach: In order to compare WCAG 2.0 with WCAG 1.0 a diachronic analysis of the evolution of these standards is done. Known authors and…

Ribera, Mireia; Porras, Merce; Boldu, Marc; Termens, Miquel; Sule, Andreu; Paris, Pilar

2009-01-01

337

Distillation protocols that involve local distinguishing: Composing upper and lower bounds on locally accessible information  

SciTech Connect

We find a universal lower bound on locally accessible information for arbitrary bipartite quantum ensembles, when one of the parties is two dimensional. In higher dimensions and in a higher number of parties, the bound is on accessible information by separable operations. We show that for any given density matrix (of an arbitrary number of parties and dimensions), there exists an ensemble, which averages to the given density matrix and whose locally accessible information saturates the lower bound. Moreover, we give a general method to obtain bounds on the yield of singlets in distillation protocols that involves local distinguishing, by using lower and upper bounds on locally accessible information. We then illustrate it by using our lower bound, along with a previously obtained upper bound, on locally accessible information.

Sen, Aditi; Sen, Ujjwal [ICFO-Institut de Ciencies Fotoniques, 08860 Castelldefels (Barcelona) (Spain); Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Hannover, D-30167 Hannover (Germany); Lewenstein, Maciej [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Hannover, D-30167 Hannover (Germany); ICREA and ICFO-Institut de Ciencies Fotoniques, 08860 Castelldefels (Barcelona) (Spain)

2006-11-15

338

Access to Information-Age Technologies: A Report on an Exploratory Project Examining the Issue of "Accessibility" for Handicapped and Older Persons to Emerging Information Technologies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The project reviewed literature, surveyed manufacturers, and interviewed handicapped and elderly consumers of information-age technologies in an attempt to identify important accessibility issues with respect to emerging information technologies, particularly the personal computer. Results suggested that personal computers appear to be moving…

Bowe, Frank G.

339

10 CFR 2.905 - Access to restricted data and national security information for parties; security clearances.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Access to restricted data and national security information for...Adjudicatory Proceedings Involving Restricted Data and/or National Security Information § 2.905 Access to restricted data and national security information...

2013-01-01

340

Federated Access to Heterogeneous Information Resources in the Neuroscience Information Framework (NIF)  

PubMed Central

The overarching goal of the NIF (Neuroscience Information Framework) project is to be a one-stop-shop for Neuroscience. This paper provides a technical overview of how the system is designed. The technical goal of the first version of the NIF system was to develop an information system that a neuroscientist can use to locate relevant information from a wide variety of information sources by simple keyword queries. Although the user would provide only keywords to retrieve information, the NIF system is designed to treat them as concepts whose meanings are interpreted by the system. Thus, a search for term should find a record containing synonyms of the term. The system is targeted to find information from web pages, publications, databases, web sites built upon databases, XML documents and any other modality in which such information may be published. We have designed a system to achieve this functionality. A central element in the system is an ontology called NIFSTD (for NIF Standard) constructed by amalgamating a number of known and newly developed ontologies. NIFSTD is used by our ontology management module, called OntoQuest to perform ontology-based search over data sources. The NIF architecture currently provides three different mechanisms for searching heterogeneous data sources including relational databases, web sites, XML documents and full text of publications. Version 1.0 of the NIF system is currently in beta test and may be accessed through http://nif.nih.gov.

Gupta, Amarnath; Bug, William; Marenco, Luis; Qian, Xufei; Condit, Christopher; Rangarajan, Arun; Muller, Hans Michael; Miller, Perry L.; Sanders, Brian; Grethe, Jeffrey S.; Astakhov, Vadim; Shepherd, Gordon; Sternberg, Paul W.; Martone, Maryann E.

2009-01-01

341

Expressions of expertness: the virtuous circle of natural language for access control policy specification  

Microsoft Academic Search

The implementation of usable security is particularly challenging in the growing field of Grid computing, where control is decentralised, systems are heterogeneous, and authorization applies across administrative domains. PERMIS, based on the Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) model, provides a unified infrastructure to address these challenges. Previous research has found that resource owners who do not understand the PERMIS RBAC model

Philip Inglesant; Martina Angela Sasse; David Chadwick; Lei Lei Shi

2008-01-01

342

How to Develop State Guidelines for Access Assistants: Scribes, Readers, and Sign Language Interpreters  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual offers states a tool to assist in the development or enhancement of guidelines for access assistants. Whether a state already has guidelines or is just in the process of establishing them, this manual will provide structure to the process and many examples of criteria already included by states. This manual was developed to accompany…

Clapper, Ann T.; Morse, Amanda B.; Thurlow, Martha L.; Thompson, Sandra J.

2006-01-01

343

A user-centric approach to identifying best deployment strategies for language tools: the impact of content and access language on Web user behaviour and attitudes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The number of Web users whose first language is not English continues to grow, as does the amount of content provided in languages other than English. This poses new challenges for actors on the Web, such as in which language(s) content should be offered, how search tools should deal with mono- and multilingual content, and how users can make the

Bettina Berendt; Anett Kralisch

2009-01-01

344

Digital Libraries: Developing Countries, Universal Access, and Information for All  

Microsoft Academic Search

Digital libraries are large, organized collections of information ob- jects. Well-designed digital library software has the potential to enable non- specialist people to conceive, assemble, build, and disseminate new information collections. This has great social import because, by democratizing information dissemination, it provides a counterbalance to disturbing commercialization ini- tiatives in the information and entertainment industries. This talk reviews trends

Ian H. Witten

2004-01-01

345

Access to Mental Health Treatment by English Language Proficiency and Race/Ethnicity  

PubMed Central

Background Limited English proficiency (LEP) may contribute to mental health care disparities, yet empirical data are limited. Objective To quantify the language barriers to mental health care by race/ethnicity using a direct measure of LEP is the objective of the study. Design Cross-sectional analysis of the 2001 California Health Interview Survey is the study’s design. Participants Adults aged 18 to 64 who provided language data (n?=?41,984) were the participants of the study. Measurement Participants were categorized into three groups by self-reported English proficiency and language spoken at home: (1) English-speaking only, (2) Bilingual, and (3) Non-English speaking. Mental health treatment was measured by self-reported use of mental health services by those reporting a mental health need. Results Non-English speaking individuals had lower odds of receiving needed services (OR: 0.28; 95% CI: 0.17–0.48) than those who only spoke English, when other factors were controlled. The relationship was even more dramatic within racial/ethnic groups: non-English speaking Asian/PIs (OR?=?0.15; 95% CI: 0.30–0.81) and non-English speaking Latinos (OR: 0.19; 95% CI: 0.09–0.39) had significantly lower odds of receiving services compared to Asian/PIs and Latinos who spoke only English. Conclusions LEP is associated with lower use of mental health care. Since LEP is concentrated among Asian/PIs and Latinos, it appears to contribute to racial/ethnic disparities in mental health care. Heightened attention to LEP is warranted in both mental health practice and policy.

Shumway, Martha; Snowden, Lonnie

2007-01-01

346

Internationalisation of information services for publishers' open access policies: the DINI multilingual integration layer.  

PubMed

It is essential for the strategy of open access self-archiving that scientific authors are given comprehensive information on publisher copyright policies. DINI, the German Initiative for Networked Information, has developed a German (and potentially multilingual) interface to the English SHERPA/RoMEO service to provide additional information on German publishers' open access policies. As a next step, this interface was enhanced to an integration layer combining different sources on publisher copyright policies. This integration layer can be used in many different contexts. Together with the SHERPA/RoMEO team, DINI aims to build an international support structure for open access information. PMID:18662383

Scholze, Frank

2008-07-28

347

40 CFR 1400.8 - Access to off-site consequence analysis information by Federal government officials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...consequence analysis information by Federal government...REQUIREMENTS; RISK MANAGEMENT PROGRAMS UNDER THE...CONSEQUENCE ANALYSIS INFORMATION DISTRIBUTION OF OFF-SITE...CONSEQUENCE ANALYSIS INFORMATION Access to...

2013-07-01

348

40 CFR 1400.3 - Public access to paper copies of off-site consequence analysis information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...consequence analysis information. 1400.3 Section...REQUIREMENTS; RISK MANAGEMENT PROGRAMS UNDER THE...CONSEQUENCE ANALYSIS INFORMATION DISTRIBUTION OF OFF-SITE...CONSEQUENCE ANALYSIS INFORMATION Public Access...

2013-07-01

349

SERVING CITIZENS' NEEDS: MINIMIZING ONLINE HURDLES TO ACCESSING GOVERNMENT INFORMATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the rapid spread of the Internet across society, government institutions are taking advantage of digital technology to distribute materials to citizens. Is merely having a Web site enough, or are there certain usability considerations site creators must keep in mind to assure efficient public access to online materials? This project looked at typical people's ability to locate various types

ESZTER HARGITTAI

2003-01-01

350

Serving Citizens' Needs: Minimizing Hurdles to Accessing Government Information Online  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the rapid spread of the Internet across society, government institutions are taking advantage of using digital technology to distribute materials to citizens. Is merely having a Web site enough or are there certain usability considerations to which site creators must adhere in order to assure efficient access to online materials? Here, I report on a project that looked at

Eszter Hargittai

351

Cross-Language Differences in Informational Masking of Speech by Speech: English versus Mandarin Chinese  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of the study was to determine why perceived spatial separation provides a greater release from informational masking in Chinese than English when target sentences in each of the languages are masked by other talkers speaking the same language. Method: Monolingual speakers of English and Mandarin Chinese listened to…

Wu, Xihong; Yang, Zhigang; Huang, Ying; Chen, Jing; Li, Liang; Daneman, Meredyth; Schneider, Bruce A.

2011-01-01

352

Young children's strategies in learning the “book language” of information books  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although there has been a lot of research on young children learning about the book language of written story discourse recently, very little is known about how they acquire understandings of other nonstory genres. This article first describes several distinctive discourse features of typical information books written for young children by comparing them to aspects of book language realized in

Christine C. Pappas

1991-01-01

353

Dissociating short-term memory and language impairment: The importance of item and serial order information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Selective verbal short-term memory (STM) deficits are rare, and when they appear, they are often associated with a history of aphasia, raising doubts about the selectivity of these deficits. Recent models of STM consider that STM for item information depends on activation of the language system, and hence item STM deficits should be associated with language impairment. By contrast,

Lucie Attout; Marie-Anne Van der Kaa; Mercédès George; Steve Majerus

2012-01-01

354

Dissociating short-term memory and language impairment: The importance of item and serial order information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Selective verbal short-term memory (STM) deficits are rare, and when they appear, they are often associated with a history of aphasia, raising doubts about the selectivity of these deficits. Recent models of STM consider that STM for item information depends on activation of the language system, and hence item STM deficits should be associated with language impairment. By contrast,

Lucie Attout; Marie-Anne Van der Kaa; Mercédès George; Steve Majerus

2011-01-01

355

Which User Interaction for Cross-Language IR? Design Issues and Reflections  

Microsoft Academic Search

A novel and complex form of information access is cross-language information retrieval: searching for texts written in foreign languages based on native language queries. Although the underlying technology for achieving such a search is relatively well understood, the appropriate interface design is not. This paper presents three user evaluations done during the iterative design of Clarity, a cross-language retrieval system

Daniela Petrelli; Steve Levin; Micheline Beaulieu; Mark Sanderson

356

Terminology Issues in User Access to Web-based Medical Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

INTRODUCTIONUnderstanding the behavior of users as they accessWeb-based information systems can be critical to thesuccess of the system and can enhance its ability todeliver the information it contains. It has becomemore and more difficult for Web users to findrelevant information in the large information spacethey are now forced to navigate. Users becomefrustrated when they do not find what they needquickly,

Alexa T. McCray; Russell F. Loane; Allen C. Browne; Anantha K. Bangalore

357

Consumer access to health information on the internet: health policy implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Providers of health care usually have much better information about health and health care interventions than do consumers. The internet is an important and rapidly evolving source of global health-related information and could provide a means of correcting for asymmetric information. However, little is known about who accesses this information and how it is used in New Zealand. The

W Guy Scott; Helen M Scott; Terry S Auld

2005-01-01

358

Exploiting latent semantic information in statistical language modeling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Statistical language models used in large-vocabulary speech recognition must properly encapsulate the various constraints, both local and global, present in the language. While local constraints are readily captured through n-gram modeling, global constraints, such as long-term semantic dependencies, have been more difficult to handle within a data-driven formalism. This paper focuses on the use of latent semantic analysis, a paradigm

JEROME R. BELLEGARDA

2000-01-01

359

Cross-Language Information Retrieval in a Multilingual Legal Domain  

Microsoft Academic Search

. We describe here the application of a cross-language informationretrieval technique based on similarity thesauri in the domainof Swiss law. We present the theory of similarity thesauri, which areinformation structures deerived from corpora, and show how they canbe used for cross-language retrieval. We also discuss the collections ofSwiss legal documents and show how we have used them to construct anenvironment

Paraic Sheridan; Martin Braschlert; Peter Schäuble

1997-01-01

360

Book review: The Right to Know: Access to Information in Southeast Asia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Coronel, Sheila (2001) The Right to Know: Access to Information in Southeast Asia, Philippine Center for Investigative Journalism, Quezon City, Philippines. ISBN 971-8686-34-7. 270pp.\\u000aReviewed by Robin Ramcharan\\u000aThis work examines the laws that guarantee or restrict access to information, the media and the political or social environments in which information is provided in the region’s “democracies” (Indonesia, Philippines, Thailand),

R. Ramcharan

2002-01-01

361

Integrating and accessing heterogeneous information sources in TSIMMIS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of the Tsimmis Project is to de velop tools that facilitate the rapid integra tion of heterogeneous information sources that may include both structured and unstructured data This paper gives an overview of the project describing components that extract properties from unstructured objects that translate information into a common object model that combine information from several sources and

H. Garcia Molina; J. Hammer; K. Ireland

1995-01-01

362

Online catalog access and distribution of remotely sensed information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Remote sensing is providing voluminous data and value added information products. Electronic sensors, communication electronics, computer software, hardware, and network communications technology have matured to the point where a distributed infrastructure for remotely sensed information is a reality. The amount of remotely sensed data and information is making distributed infrastructure almost a necessity. This infrastructure provides data collection, archiving, cataloging,

Stephen M. Lutton

1997-01-01

363

FASTUS: A System for Extracting Information from Natural-Language Text.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

FASTUS is a system for extracting information from free text in English, and potentially other languages as well, for entry into a database, and potentially for other applications. It works essentially as a cascaded, nondeterministic finite state automato...

D. Appelt D. Israel J. R. Hobbs J. S. Bear W. M. Tyson

1992-01-01

364

Taiwanese Facebook Users’ Motivation and the Access of Information Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a With the increasing diversity in networked information communication technology (ICTs), the question arises whether users’\\u000a social, entertainment and information needs are being met. Existing research on Internet information services and traditional\\u000a portal or blog sites has not been extended to a more recent study of functional community websites such as Facebook. Therefore,\\u000a this study was designed to administer a questionnaire

Chun-Ming Tsai; Yu-Ting Huang; Ji-Lung Hsieh

365

7 CFR 3402.22 - Access to peer review information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE FOOD AND AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES NATIONAL NEEDS GRADUATE AND POSTGRADUATE FELLOWSHIP GRANTS PROGRAM Supplementary Information...

2013-01-01

366

The accessibility of computer-based health information for patients: kiosks and the web.  

PubMed

The Internet is a rich source of health information but it is not as accessible as many claim. This paper brings together three projects to illustrate technical and cost barriers and some options to overcome them. (1) A survey amongst a representative sample of 180 patients in rural Spain showed a marked age gradient in computer access. None over the age of 50 had, and less than 10% planned, access to the Internet whereas a quarter were prepared to use health centre based touchscreen kiosks. (2) Half the commonly used search engines did not include the two most relevant websites for Glasgow colorectal cancer patients in the first ten documents listed, showing the difficulty facing patients in finding relevant information. Selection of information would help patients avoid being overwhelmed with information. (3) One method to improve accessibility is to download websites to kiosks but two projects showed that considerable work is required to reformat the information. Public access computing, such as kiosks, could help make the Internet more accessible. We discuss whether Web sites which structure their information according to method of access, place and person provide a way forward. PMID:11604970

Jones, R B; Balfour, F; Gillies, M; Stobo, D; Cawsey, A J; Donaldson, K

2001-01-01

367

AccessAbility: Overcoming Information Barriers. Proceedings from the 1987 Spring Meeting of the Nebraska Library Association, College and University Section (Omaha, Nebraska, May 29, 1987).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Various aspects of the theme, "AccessAbility: Overcoming Information Barriers," are considered in the conference papers collected in this document. They include: (1) "The Library Image: A Barrier to Accessibility" (Janice S. Boyer); (2) "The Educationally Disadvantaged Student: How Can the Library Help?" (Michael Poma and Richard Jehlik); (3)…

Kacena, Barbara J., Ed.

368

Closed-Captioning...Accessibility to Information and Entertainment. Key Notes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This fact sheet provides basic information on closed captioning as a source of information and entertainment for people with hearing impairments. It describes the role of the National Captioning Institute (NCI), defines closed captioning, and notes NCI activities in three areas: development of the TeleCaption decoder, obtaining the cooperation of…

Kipling, Marsha D.

369

Asomnia: A Service-Oriented Middleware for Ambient Information Access  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the growing pervasiveness of information systems we are increasingly confronted with integrating heterogeneous end-user de- vices into existing information infrastructures. However, most existing middleware platforms either focus on plug & work functionalities or on multimedia streaming capabilities. Asomnia is a service-oriented mid- dleware that combines the needs of plug & work infrastructures with the necessities of delivering multimedia contents.

Karl Rehrl; Wernher Behrendt; Manfred Bortenschlager; Harald Rieser; Rupert Westenthaler; Siegfried Reich

2003-01-01

370

Sign language Web pages.  

PubMed

The WORLD WIDE WEB has changed the way people interact. It has also become an important equalizer of information access for many social sectors. However, for many people, including some sign language users, Web accessing can be difficult. For some, it not only presents another barrier to overcome but has left them without cultural equality. The present article describes a system that allows sign language-only Web pages to be created and linked through a video-based technique called sign-linking. In two studies, 14 Deaf participants examined two iterations of signlinked Web pages to gauge the usability and learnability of a signing Web page interface. The first study indicated that signing Web pages were usable by sign language users but that some interface features required improvement. The second study showed increased usability for those features; users consequently couldnavigate sign language information with ease and pleasure. PMID:17225637

Fels, Deborah I; Richards, Jan; Hardman, Jim; Lee, Daniel G

2006-01-01

371

Geometric accessibility and geographic information: extending desktop GIS to space syntax  

Microsoft Academic Search

Accessibility indices which measure the relative ‘nearness’ or ‘propinquity’ of geographic locations, one to another, are not well-developed functions in proprietary geographic information systems (GIS), notwithstanding their evident usefulness for urban analysis. In this paper, we develop procedures for embedding such measures within desktop GIS, focusing on the measurement of geometric accessibility which is applicable to fine-scale urban structure at

B. Jiang; C. Claramunt; M. Batty

1999-01-01

372

On an Active Content Access Control Device for Secure Information Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Access to secure information requires fine-grained management corresponding to user identity, assigned privileges, and sometimes dynamic authorizations. Conventional techniques leave too many security pitfalls to rectify when compatibilities with legacy systems must be maintained. We present in this paper an active content access control device whose uniqueness lies on built-in intelligence powered by a specially designed USB controller and application

Li Fan

2009-01-01

373

Transparency and technological change: Ensuring equal and sustained public access to government information  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Obama administration campaigned on the platform of increased transparency and access to government information after the limitations of the Bush years. As part of this focus on transparency, the Obama administration is emphasizing the use of e-government and new social media services to open up access to government. This paper explores the considerations and challenges of this approach, such

Paul T. Jaeger; John Carlo Bertot

2010-01-01

374

Adolescent Girls' Use of the Internet for Health Information: Issues Beyond Access  

Microsoft Academic Search

Whilst the “digital divide” in access to Internet technology has rightly concerned commentators on health inequalities, there are issues beyond physical access that must be tackled if adolescents and adults are to optimize the benefits of this developing medium. Emerging themes from an exploratory qualitative study of adolescents' use of the Internet for information about health and medicines describe four

Nicola J. Gray; Jonathan D. Klein; Judith A. Cantrill; Peter R. Noyce

2002-01-01

375

Access to Government Information in the United States. Updated August 31, 2009.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The U.S. Constitution makes no specific allowance for any one of the three branches of the Federal Government to have access to information held by the others. No provision in the U.S. Constitution expressly establishes a procedure for public access to go...

W. R. Ginsberg

2009-01-01

376

Access to Government Information in the United States, August 31, 2009.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The U.S. Constitution makes no specific allowance for any one of the three branches of the federal government to have access to information held by the others. No provision in the U.S. Constitution expressly establishes a procedure for public access to go...

W. R. Ginsberg

2009-01-01

377

Frontal activations associated with accessing and evaluating information in working memory: an fMRI study  

Microsoft Academic Search

To investigate the involvement of frontal cortex in accessing and evaluating information in working memory, we used a variant of a Sternberg paradigm and compared brain activations between positive and negative responses (known to differentially tax access\\/evaluation processes). Participants remembered two trigrams in each trial and were then cued to discard one of them and maintain the other one as

John X. Zhang; Hoi-Chung Leung; Marcia K. Johnsona

2003-01-01

378

Supporting information access in e-learning by integrating digital libraries and ontology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the integration of digital library (DL) technologies with ontology-based knowledge representation in providing semantic rich information access (IA) in e-learning. DL technologies have powerful and flexible content management and access functionalities, whereas ontology helps teachers and students to link content materials to their learning objectives. This paper demonstrates that the

Daqing He; Yefei Peng; Ming Mao; Dan Wu

2010-01-01

379

Urban Poverty and Access to Information Technology: A Role for Local Government.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines the intersection between access to information technology and urban poverty and the role of the local government through a case study of Austin (Texas). The examples of the Austin Free-Net, which provides access sites and user training, and other Austin programs show the large degree of citizen interest and the recognition by…

Servon, Lisa J.; Horrigan, John B.

1997-01-01

380

Enhancing Access to Information: Designing Catalogs for the 21st Century.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book addresses the problem of when a library has limited catalog access, and explores various technological methods to expand the catalog beyond its traditional boundaries. Fourteen chapters describe catalog projects in individual libraries: (1) "Enhancing Access to Information: Building Catalogs for the Future" (David A. Tyckoson); (2) "The…

Tyckoson, David A., Ed.

381

Integration of access control and ancillary information systems  

SciTech Connect

The DOE has identified the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory ARGUS system as the standard entry control system for the DOE Complex. ARGUS integrates several key functions, specifically, badging, entry control, and verification of clearance status. Not all sites need or can afford an ARGUS system. Such sites are therefore limited to commercial equipment which provide ARGUS like features. In this project an alternative way to integrate commercial equipment into an integrated system to include badging, access control, property control, and automated verification of clearance status has been investigated. Such a system would provide smaller sites the same functionality as is provided by ARGUS. Further, it would allow sites to fully participate in the DOE`s concept of Complex wide access control. This multi-year task is comprised of three phases. Phase 1, system requirements and definitions, and phase 2, software and hardware development, were completed during fiscal year 1994. This report covers these two phases and the demonstration system which resulted. Phase three would employ the demonstration system to evaluate system performance, identify operational limits and to integrate additional features. The demonstration system includes a badging station, a database server, a managers workstation, an entry control system, and a property protection system. The functions have been integrated through the use of custom interfaces and operator screens which greatly increase ease of use.

Rodriguez, J.R.; Ahrens, J.S.

1995-07-01

382

Constructing Web search queries from the user's information need expressed in a natural language  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focuses on improving the quality of information retrieval on the Web through the use of long queries. Long queries allow use of natural language and provide for a more complete description of the user's information need. We propose and analyze several novel algorithms dealing with long query information retrieval on the Web. These algorithms include selecting of search

Jacob Shapiro; Isak Taksa

2003-01-01

383

LanguageNet: A novel framework for processing unstructured text information  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we present LanguageNet-a novel framework for processing unstructured text information from human generated content. The state of the art information processing frameworks have some shortcomings: modeled in generalized form, trained on fixed (limited) data sets, and leaving the specialization necessary for information consolidation to the end users. The proposed framework is the first major attempt to address

Pir Abdul Rasool Qureshi; Nasrullah Memon; Uffe Kock Wiil

2011-01-01

384

Access to Information and Freedom of Information Requests: Neglected Means of Data Production in the Social Sciences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Access to information (ATI) and freedom of information (FOI) mechanisms are now relevant features of governments in many liberal democracies today. Citizens, organizations, and permanent residents in several countries across the globe can request unpublished information from federal, provincial, state, county, and municipal government agencies.…

Walby, Kevin; Larsen, Mike

2012-01-01

385

Availability of and Ease of Access to Calorie Information on Restaurant Websites  

PubMed Central

Objective Offering calories on restaurant websites might be particularly important for consumer meal planning, but the availability of and ease of accessing this information are unknown. Methods We assessed websites for the top 100 U.S. chain restaurants to determine the availability of and ease of access to calorie information as well as website design characteristics. We also examined potential predictors of calorie availability and ease of access. Results Eighty-two percent of restaurants provided calorie information on their websites; 25% presented calories on a mobile-formatted website. On average, calories could be accessed in 2.35±0.99 clicks. About half of sites (51.2%) linked to calorie information via the homepage. Fewer than half had a separate section identifying healthful options (46.3%), or utilized interactive meal planning tools (35.4%). Quick service/fast casual, larger restaurants, and those with less expensive entrées and lower revenue were more likely to make calorie information available. There were no predictors of ease of access. Conclusion Calorie information is both available and largely accessible on the websites of America’s leading restaurants. It is unclear whether consumer behavior is affected by the variability in the presentation of calorie information.

Bennett, Gary G.; Steinberg, Dori M.; Lanpher, Michele G.; Askew, Sandy; Lane, Ilana B.; Levine, Erica L.; Goodman, Melody S.; Foley, Perry B.

2013-01-01

386

Social Information Access for the Rest of Us: An Exploration of Social YouTube  

Microsoft Academic Search

The motivation behind many Information Retrieval systems is to identify and present relevant information to people given their cur- rent goals and needs. Learning about user preferences and access patterns recent technologies make it possible to model user information needs and adapt services to meet these needs. In previous work we have presented ASSIST, a general-purpose platform which incorporates various

Maurice Coyle; Jill Freyne; Peter Brusilovsky; Barry Smyth

2008-01-01

387

ACCESS TO INFORMATION: THE DILEMMA FOR RURAL COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA  

Microsoft Academic Search

The provision of information services in Africa has been dispersed and access to various information services has become more difficult; the principal victims of these developments have been rural people without having any individual means of becoming literate, due to them being too illiterate, too young, too old, too poor or too ill because of the economic and information poverty.

Manir Abdullahi Kamba

388

Data access, charging and copyright and their implications for geographical information systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Few geographical information systems generate all their own data. As geographical or spatial data are the fuel of such systems, the availability, access and price of data sets held by others becomes a matter of considerable importance. In this context, geographical information systems form only a special case of information systems in general, but geographical data are increasingly part of

David Rhind

1992-01-01

389

Female farmers and the social construction of access to agricultural information  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the ways in which the transfer of information about farming practice is gendered, and how the gendering of access to agricultural information affects the social realities of farming women. The research focuses on a sample of Ontario female farmers who were interviewed extensively about their farming practices, including the ways in which they sought and found information

Gloria J. Leckie

1996-01-01

390

Overcoming Terminology Barrier Using Web Resources for Cross-Language Medical Information Retrieval  

PubMed Central

A number of authoritative medical websites, such as PubMed and MedlinePlus, provide consumers with the most up-to-date health information. However, non-English speakers often encounter not only language barriers (from other languages to English) but also terminology barriers (from laypersons’ terms to professional medical terms) when retrieving information from these websites. Our previous work addresses language barriers by developing a multilingual medical thesaurus, Chinese-English MeSH, while this study presents an approach to overcome terminology barriers based on Web resources. Two techniques were utilized in our approach: monolingual concept mapping using approximate string matching and crosslingual concept mapping using Web resources. The evaluation shows that our approach can significantly improve the performance on MeSH concept mapping and cross-language medical information retrieval.

Lu, Wen-Hsiang; Lin, Ray Shih-Jui; Chan, Yi-Che; Chen, Kuan-Hsi

2006-01-01

391

48 CFR 352.270-19 - Electronic information and technology accessibility.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...http://www.itic.org/archives/articles/20040506/ faq_voluntary_product_accessibility_ template_vpat.php ] (select the appropriate phrase within the brackets [ ]). Vendors should provide detailed information necessary for...

2009-10-01

392

75 FR 57768 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Eastern Research Group and Its Identified...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information by Eastern Research Group and Its Identified Subcontractor AGENCY: Environmental...SUMMARY: EPA has authorized its contractor, Eastern Research Group (ERG...Contract Number EP-W-10-014, ERG and its subcontractor will require access to...

2010-09-22

393

76 FR 10360 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Guident Technologies Inc. and Its Identified...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information by Guident Technologies Inc. and Its Identified Subcontractors AGENCY: Environmental...SUMMARY: EPA has authorized its contractor, Guident Technologies, Inc. of Herndon, VA and Its Identified Subcontractors, to access...

2011-02-24

394

FAST TRACK COMMUNICATION: Information accessibility and cryptic processes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We give a systematic expansion of the crypticity—a recently introduced measure of the inaccessibility of a stationary process's internal state information. This leads to a hierarchy of k-cryptic processes and allows us to identify finite-state processes that have infinite cryptic order—the internal state information is present across arbitrarily long, observed sequences. The crypticity expansion is exact in both the finite- and infinite-order cases. It turns out that k-crypticity is complementary to the Markovian finite-order property that describes state information in processes. One application of these results is an efficient expansion of the excess entropy—the mutual information between a process's infinite past and infinite future—that is finite and exact for finite-order cryptic processes.

Mahoney, John R.; Ellison, Christopher J.; Crutchfield, James P.

2009-09-01

395

Critical Access Hospital Partnership Health Information Technology Implementation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the project was to design and deploy secure healthcare information exchange system for Michigan's rural Upper Peninsula. The scope of the project was to provide secure, authorized and synchronized exchange of patient records between the fou...

D. Wheeler

2009-01-01

396

1 CFR 456.4 - Public access to information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...reproducing records that are responsive to the request, excluding...operations or activities of the government and it is not primarily in...operations or activities of the Governmentâ; (ii) The informative...to an understanding of government operations or...

2012-01-01

397

21 CFR 1401.4 - Access to information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Section 1401.4 Food and Drugs OFFICE OF NATIONAL DRUG CONTROL POLICY PUBLIC AVAILABILITY...information. The Office of National Drug Control Policy makes available...reading area and the ONDCP FOIA Handbook are located at...

2010-04-01

398

21 CFR 1401.4 - Access to information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Section 1401.4 Food and Drugs OFFICE OF NATIONAL DRUG CONTROL POLICY PUBLIC AVAILABILITY...information. The Office of National Drug Control Policy makes available...reading area and the ONDCP FOIA Handbook are located at...

2009-04-01

399

Design of a Remote-Access Medical Information Retrieval System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report discusses three major topics: (A) Design and costing of a remote viewing terminal; (B) an experiment in automatic question-answering technics; (C) an assessment of the possibility of applying these technics to medical information retrieval. The...

L. S. Coles W. T. Colwell J. H. Jones O. W. Whitby L. Younker

1969-01-01

400

Accessing Different Types of Lexical Semantic Information: Evidence From Priming  

Microsoft Academic Search

The types of semantic information that are automatically retrieved from the mental lexicon on hearing a word were investigated in 3 semantic priming experiments. The authors probed for activation of information about a word’s category membership by using prime–target pairs that were members of a common semantic category (e.g., pig–horse) and 2 types of functional semantic properties: instrument relations (e.g.,

Helen E. Moss; Ruth K. Ostrin; Lorraine K. Tyler; William D. Marslen-Wilson

1995-01-01

401

Ontology-Based Federated Data Access to Human Studies Information  

PubMed Central

Human studies are one of the most valuable sources of knowledge in biomedical research, but data about their design and results are currently widely dispersed in siloed systems. Federation of these data is needed to facilitate large-scale data analysis to realize the goals of evidence-based medicine. The Human Studies Database project has developed an informatics infrastructure for federated query of human studies databases, using a generalizable approach to ontology-based data access. Our approach has three main components. First, the Ontology of Clinical Research (OCRe) provides the reference semantics. Second, a data model, automatically derived from OCRe into XSD, maintains semantic synchrony of the underlying representations while facilitating data acquisition using common XML technologies. Finally, the Query Integrator issues queries distributed over the data, OCRe, and other ontologies such as SNOMED in BioPortal. We report on a demonstration of this infrastructure on data acquired from institutional systems and from ClinicalTrials.gov.

Sim, Ida; Carini, Simona; Tu, Samson W.; Detwiler, Landon T.; Brinkley, James; Mollah, Shamim A.; Burke, Karl; Lehmann, Harold P.; Chakraborty, Swati; Wittkowski, Knut M.; Pollock, Brad H.; Johnson, Thomas M.; Huser, Vojtech

2012-01-01

402

Indexical Information, Encoding Difficulty, and Second Language Vocabulary Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research has demonstrated that second language (L2) vocabulary learning improves when target words are presented in acoustically varied compared with acoustically consistent formats. The present study investigated the extent to which this benefit of acoustic variability is a consequence of difficult encoding demands (cognitive effort hypothesis)…

Sommers, Mitchell S.; Barcroft, Joe

2011-01-01

403

Afrikaans-English cross-language information retrieval  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study reports on the first experiments ever to apply dictionary-based query translation techniques to Afrikaans queries submitted to an English database. The system was evaluated using 35 topics from the CLEF 2001 English language collection (title and descriptions). To show the performance level of the test queries, the original English queries were run as baseline queries. They contained the

ERICA COSIJN; HEIKKI KESKUSTALO; ARI PIRKOLA; KAREN DE WET; KALERVO JÄRVELIN

2004-01-01

404

Health Information on the Internet: Accessibility, Quality, and Readability in English and Spanish  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Published in the May 23/30, 2001 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), this detailed study conducted by the Rand Corporation and California HealthCare Foundation finds that the quality of health-care information available online is decidedly uneven. For the report, researchers consulted ten English-language and four Spanish-language search engines for information on four common health conditions: breast cancer, childhood asthma, depression, and obesity. Physicians also evaluated the quality of information provided by 25 major health Websites. Among the problems noted in the report are irrelevant search returns, incomplete or contradictory information, and blurring of the line between information and advertising. The full text of the article is available at the JAMA site.

Berland, Gretchen K.; Watkins, Katherine E.; Lara, Marielena.; Yang, Hannah.; Muã±oz, Jorge A.; Puyol, Juan-Antonio.

2001-01-01

405

Health Information in Multiple Languages: MedlinePlus  

MedlinePLUS

... kajin Majöl) Nepali (??????) Oromo (Afaan Oromo) Polish (polski) Portuguese (português) Punjabi (??????) Romanian (Român?) ... Privacy Accessibility Quality Guidelines Viewers & Players U.S. National Library of Medicine 8600 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD 20894 ...

406

The consequences of language proficiency and difficulty of lexical access for translation performance and priming.  

PubMed

Repetition priming was used to assess how proficiency and the ease or difficulty of lexical access influence bilingual translation. Two experiments, conducted at different universities with different Spanish-English bilingual populations and materials, showed repetition priming in word translation for same-direction and different-direction repetitions. Experiment 1, conducted in an English-dominant environment, revealed an effect of translation direction but not of direction match, whereas Experiment 2, conducted in a more balanced bilingual environment, showed an effect of direction match but not of translation direction. A combined analysis on the items common to both studies revealed that bilingual proficiency was negatively associated with response time (RT), priming, and the degree of translation asymmetry in RTs and priming. An item analysis showed that item difficulty was positively associated with RTs, priming, and the benefit of same-direction over different-direction repetition. Thus, although both participant accuracy and item accuracy are indices of learning, they have distinct effects on translation RTs and on the learning that is captured by the repetition-priming paradigm. PMID:23757092

Francis, Wendy S; Tokowicz, Natasha; Kroll, Judith F

2013-06-12

407

Traffic predictor for network-accessible information modules  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

Methods, apparatuses and systems directed to predicting the performance of an information package or module presented on a network addressable resource, such as a web page. A particular implementation relies on regression models that utilize statistical measures of user interest in terms, concepts and other subject matter as revealed in on-line search activity of a pool of users. A model receives as inputs a plurality of attribute values corresponding to an information package or module (including one or more statistical measures of interest) and outputs an estimated click-thru rate.

Gamble; Nathan E. (Redwood Shores, CA)

2011-07-26

408

Enhancing Mobile Access to Information with the Short Message Service  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes the development of interactive text message applications at the University of North Carolina Wilmington. We describe how the university's information technology innovation program led to the formation of a faculty owned company in which the university holds an equity interest. Next, we discuss the collaborative development…

Brown, Jeff; Vetter, Ron; Saunders-White, Debra

2008-01-01

409

Managing Access to Digital Information: Some Basic Terminology Issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

Work has been going forward on the development of a frame of reference for locating and invoking digital information services and objects over communication systems and pathways having computational capabilities. An important concept in this context is the notion of a “digital object” as a set of sequences of bits, including a unique identifier for the object called a “handle”.

PATRICE LYONS

1997-01-01

410

Collaboration leads to access to Asian business information  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides a survey of the content of CD-ROM databases, published by RMIT in collaboration with other organizations, which focus on Australia and SouthEast Asia. It also indicates some of the resources that are suitable for gathering business information for the identified geographic areas. Other databases published by RMIT Publishing may also include references to materials on the three

Sandra Oxley

1998-01-01

411

Access EPA: records management programs. 1991 Edition. Information guide  

SciTech Connect

Records Management Programs is designed to allow EPA staff and the public to identify records management contacts in each facility or program, and to facilitate communications among records managers Agencywide. It contains information about the records management programs and the services they offer. The mission of the Agency's records management program is to provide records management leadership and expertise to all Agency programs.

Not Available

1991-07-01

412

The Americans with Disabilities Act and Information Technology Access  

Microsoft Academic Search

Advances in information technology have created new employment opportunities for individuals with disabilities. The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 and other pieces of federal legislation have mandated the provision of reasonable accommodations, including assistive technology, to all individuals who might benefit from them. This article reviews the requirements of relevant legislation, describes various ways in which assistive technology can

Phyllis Mondak

2000-01-01

413

Enhancing Mobile Access to Information with the Short Message Service  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the development of interactive text message applications at the University of North Carolina Wilmington. We describe how the university's information technology innovation program led to the formation of a faculty owned company in which the university holds an equity interest. Next, we discuss the collaborative development…

Brown, Jeff; Vetter, Ron; Saunders-White, Debra

2008-01-01

414

32 CFR 505.5 - Individual access to personal information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...personnel should ask the requester for...information to narrow the scope of his...sought by an individual who fails or...will not use government equipment...or in part, the Denial Authority...custodian. (g) Relationship between the...

2010-07-01

415

32 CFR 505.5 - Individual access to personal information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...personnel should ask the requester for...information to narrow the scope of his...sought by an individual who fails or...will not use government equipment...or in part, the Denial Authority...custodian. (g) Relationship between the...

2009-07-01

416

Searching the Visual Arts: An Analysis of Online Information Access.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A search for stained glass bibliographic information using DIALINDEX identified 57 DIALOG files from a variety of subject categories and 646 citations as relevant. Files include applied science, biological sciences, chemistry, engineering, environment/pollution, people, business research, and public affairs. Eleven figures illustrate the search…

Brady, Darlene; Serban, William

1981-01-01

417

Accessing Information on the Mars Exploration Rovers Mission  

Microsoft Academic Search

In January 2004, the Mars Exploration Rovers (MER) mission successfully deployed two robotic geologists - Spirit and Opportunity - to opposite sides of the red planet. Onboard each rover is an array of cameras and scientific instruments that send data back to Earth, where ground-based systems process and store the information. During the height of the mission, a team of

J. D. Walton; J. A. Schreiner

2005-01-01

418

36 CFR 404.4 - Access to information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...COMMISSION PROCEDURES AND GUIDELINES FOR COMPLIANCE WITH...threat to the life or physical safety of an individual...alleged federal government activity, if made by a person...whose main professional activity or occupation is information...about the government activity involved in the...

2012-07-01

419

36 CFR 404.4 - Access to information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...COMMISSION PROCEDURES AND GUIDELINES FOR COMPLIANCE WITH...threat to the life or physical safety of an individual...alleged federal government activity, if made by a person...whose main professional activity or occupation is information...about the government activity involved in the...

2011-07-01

420

Persistent access control to prevent piracy of digital information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Marshall McLuhan's statement that “the medium is the message” captured the reality of communications until the digital age. Communicating digitally involves the transfer of information as streams of bits. No longer does matter need to be moved. In the case of data representing continuous waveforms, the communication is complete when the recipient possesses a digital representation of the original signal

PAUL B. SCHNECK

1999-01-01

421

Access to agricultural information and millennium development goals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The millennium development goals (MDGs) emerged from the Millennium Declaration adopted by all Member States of the United Nations. The MDGs are international objectives on poverty reduction adopted by the world community in 2000. This paper examines provision of agricultural information to rural dwellers\\/farmers in meeting the MDG 1: eradicating poverty and hunger in the world. Design\\/methodology\\/approach –

Adebambo Adewale Oduwole; Chichi Nancy Okorie

2010-01-01

422

Adolescent girls' use of the Internet for health information: issues beyond access.  

PubMed

Whilst the "digital divide" in access to Internet technology has rightly concerned commentators on health inequalities, there are issues beyond physical access that must be tackled if adolescents and adults are to optimize the benefits of this developing medium. Emerging themes from an exploratory qualitative study of adolescents' use of the Internet for information about health and medicines describe four major challenges. Access issues persist if there are insufficient school computers that are unable to cope with increasing Web site sophistication. Software on school-based machines preventing exposure to material that is deemed to be unsuitable may also prohibit access to educational sites about sexual health and drug misuse. Strategies to manage the volume of available information are needed. The interplay of active and passive information seeking challenges whether the Internet can be truly useful during acute illness episodes. This exploration with future health service users highlights important questions for further study. PMID:12385536

Gray, Nicola J; Klein, Jonathan D; Cantrill, Judith A; Noyce, Peter R

2002-12-01

423

Access to information about famous individuals in Alzheimer's disease.  

PubMed

Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients and normal adults were tested in two complementary recognition tasks. On each trial of the faces task, participants matched the photograph of a famous individual to one of four names. On each tial of the names task, participants matched the name of a famous individual to one of four photographs. The AD patients made enough consistent errors across the two tasks to suggest an impairment in the storage of information about the individuals. In addition, they made enough inconsistent errors to suggest a generalized retrieval deficit. The AD patients performed as well on the faces taslk as on the names task, providing no evidence of a specialized deficit in the retrieval of lexical information. PMID:9220263

Dopkins, S; Kovner, R; Rich, J B; Brandt, J

1997-06-01

424

Frequency of Occurrence and Information Entropy of American Sign Language  

Microsoft Academic Search

American Sign Language (ASL) uses a series of hand based gestures as a\\u000areplacement for words to allow the deaf to communicate. Previous work has shown\\u000athat although it takes longer to make signs than to say the equivalent words,\\u000aon average sentences can be completed in about the same time. This leaves\\u000aunresolved, however, precisely why that should be

Andrew Chong; Lalitha Sankar; H. Vincent Poor

2009-01-01

425

The Effect of Bilingual Term List Size on Dictionary-Based Cross-Language Information Retrieval  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bilingual term lists are extensively used as a resource for dictionary-based Cross-Language Information Retrieval (CLIR), in which the goal is to find documents written in one natural language based on queries that are expressed in another. This paper identifies eight types of terms that affect retrieval effectiveness in CLIR applications through their coverage by general-purpose bilingual term lists, and reports

Dina Demner-fushman; Douglas W. Oard

2003-01-01

426

Japanese\\/English Cross-Language Information Retrieval: Exploration of Query Translation and Transliteration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cross-language information retrieval (CLIR), where queries and documents are\\u000ain different languages, has of late become one of the major topics within the\\u000ainformation retrieval community. This paper proposes a Japanese\\/English CLIR\\u000asystem, where we combine a query translation and retrieval modules. We\\u000acurrently target the retrieval of technical documents, and therefore the\\u000aperformance of our system is highly dependent

Atsushi Fujii; Tetsuya Ishikawa

2002-01-01

427

Using natural language processing tools to assist semiotic analysis of information systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

1. Abstract Semiotic Analysis has been used to aid understanding of information or communication systems, providing information that can be used during requirements engineering. The MEASUR approach begins by analysing short, natural language problem statements and manually extracting the key themes involved. As the process is scaled up and applied to longer problem statements, as found in many real life

Ken Cosh; Pete Sawyer

428

“Can I say ‘Once Upon a Time’?”: Kindergarten children developing knowledge of information book language  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, many scholars have called for greater inclusion of expository texts in early schooling. A first step in assessing the wisdom of these calls is to examine what young children actually know, and can learn, about the language of these reputedly-difficult texts. This study provides information about 20 preliterate kindergartners' knowledge of one genre of expository text, information

Jane Kays

1998-01-01

429

Readability Statistics of Patient Information Leaflets in a Speech and Language Therapy Department  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: Information leaflets are commonly used in Speech and Language Therapy Departments. Despite widespread use, they can be of variable quality. Aims: To revise current departmental leaflets using the National Health Service (NHS) Toolkit for Producing Patient Information and to test the effect that this has on the readability scores of…

Pothier, Louise; Day, Rachael; Harris, Catherine; Pothier, David D.

2008-01-01

430

WIPO services for access to patent information - Building patent information infrastructure and capacity in LDCs and developing countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Challenges facing developing and least developed countries (LDCs) in overcoming difficulties in benefitting from patent information will be discussed in the context of on-going technical assistance from the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) for building a basic infrastructure providing access to databases and developing local skills for analyzing, adapting and applying patent information to local knowledge development and successful technology

Yo Takagi; Andrew Czajkowski

431

Use and perceptions of information among family physicians: sources considered accessible, relevant, and reliable  

PubMed Central

Objectives: The research determined (1) the information sources that family physicians (FPs) most commonly use to update their general medical knowledge and to make specific clinical decisions, and (2) the information sources FPs found to be most physically accessible, intellectually accessible (easy to understand), reliable (trustworthy), and relevant to their needs. Methods: A cross-sectional postal survey of 792 FPs and locum tenens, in full-time or part-time medical practice, currently practicing or on leave of absence in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan was conducted during the period of January to April 2008. Results: Of 666 eligible physicians, 331 completed and returned surveys, resulting in a response rate of 49.7% (331/666). Medical textbooks and colleagues in the main patient care setting were the top 2 sources for the purpose of making specific clinical decisions. Medical textbooks were most frequently considered by FPs to be reliable (trustworthy), and colleagues in the main patient care setting were most physically accessible (easy to access). Conclusions: When making specific clinical decisions, FPs were most likely to use information from sources that they considered to be reliable and generally physically accessible, suggesting that FPs can best be supported by facilitating easy and convenient access to high-quality information.

Kosteniuk, Julie G.; Morgan, Debra G.; D'Arcy, Carl K.

2013-01-01

432

Information Literacy Skills Training: A Factor in Student Satisfaction with Access to High Demand Material  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In a survey of Business and Government, Law and Information Sciences students carried out at the University of Canberra, results showed that in-curricula information literacy skills training had a greater impact on students' satisfaction with access to high demand material than the purchase of additional copies of books. This paper will discuss…

Perrett, Valerie

2010-01-01

433

The Economic Crisis and Other Challenges in Accessing Science and Technological Information in Asia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses access to scientific and technical information in Asia. The first section considers the economic crisis, including the growth in information service as a major indicator of the success or failure of the economies of developing countries. Libraries' response to the economic crisis is addressed in the second section, including…

Stueart, Robert D.

434

Internet Information-Seeking and Its Relation to Support for Access to Government Records  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Public access to government records is essential for democratic self-governance, and attitudes toward that right can facilitate or hinder public policy regarding transparency. As more people use the internet for gathering information about their governments and communities, it is unknown whether such online information-seeking is related to…

Cuillier, David; Piotrowski, Suzanne J.

2009-01-01

435

Accessing United States Criminal Justice Statistics Information: An Introduction and Selected List of Bibliographic Sources  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a hybrid discipline, criminal justice has requirements for statistics information which differ from those of traditional disciplines. Reference librarians, particularly librarians working in a social science research setting, need to be familiar with these differences and with specialized sources providing bibliographic access to criminal justice statistics information. Bibliographic tools are described with a distinction made between tools providing reference

Richard Irving

1983-01-01

436

Internet information-seeking and its relation to support for access to government records  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public access to government records is essential for democratic self-governance, and attitudes toward that right can facilitate or hinder public policy regarding transparency. As more people use the internet for gathering information about their governments and communities, it is unknown whether such online information-seeking is related to increased support for government transparency and the right to request public records. This

David Cuillier; Suzanne J. Piotrowski

2009-01-01

437

Access to Information and Search and Reunion in Korean American Adoptions: A Discussion Paper  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is designed to stimulate dialogue about two critical issues that confront the international adoption community: the extent to which adoptees, birth parents, and adoptive parents should have access to identifying information about one another; and when such information is obtained, how search and reunion should be initiated and conducted. This paper examines these issues from the perspective of

Madelyn Freundlich

438

Internet Information-Seeking and Its Relation to Support for Access to Government Records  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public access to government records is essential for democratic self-governance, and attitudes toward that right can facilitate or hinder public policy regarding transparency. As more people use the internet for gathering information about their governments and communities, it is unknown whether such online information-seeking is related to…

Cuillier, David; Piotrowski, Suzanne J.

2009-01-01

439

Public library computer training for older adults to access high-quality Internet health information  

Microsoft Academic Search

An innovative experiment to develop and evaluate a public library computer training program to teach older adults to access and use high-quality Internet health information involved a productive collaboration among public libraries, the National Institute on Aging and the National Library of Medicine of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and a Library and Information Science (LIS) academic program at

Bo Xie; Julie M. Bugg

2009-01-01

440

Improving Memory after Interruption: Exploiting Soft Constraints and Manipulating Information Access Cost  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Forgetting what one was doing prior to interruption is an everyday problem. The recent soft constraints hypothesis (Gray, Sims, Fu, & Schoelles, 2006) emphasizes the strategic adaptation of information processing strategy to the task environment. It predicts that increasing information access cost (IAC: the time, and physical and mental effort…

Morgan, Phillip L.; Patrick, John; Waldron, Samuel M.; King, Sophia L.; Patrick, Tanya

2009-01-01

441

The role of geographic information in facilitating accession into the Eu ropean Union  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper reports on the findings of a workshop jointly organized by the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission and the European Umbrella Organisation for Geographic Information (EUROGI) in November 2000 to analyse the contribution made by geographic information policies and infrastructures to the accession of Central and Eastern European countries into the European Union. The paper considers the

Max Craglia; Jean-Francois Dallemand; Ian Masser

442

Cancer Information-Seeking Experiences: The Implications of Hispanic Ethnicity and Spanish Language  

PubMed Central

Background Strategies to support cancer information-seeking among Hispanics are needed. Methods We analyzed data from the 2005 Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS) to explore cancer information-seeking experiences among respondents according to ethnicity and language of interview. Results Over 80% of Spanish-speaking Hispanics had never looked for cancer information. Compared to English-speaking respondents, Spanish-speaking Hispanics who sought cancer information indicated their search took a lot of effort (67%), was hard to understand (54%), and frustrating (42%). Spanish-speaking Hispanics noted minimal confidence in obtaining cancer information. Conclusions Language and cultural differences must be considered in the design, implementation, and dissemination of cancer information.

VANDERPOOL, ROBIN C.; KORNFELD, JULIE; RUTTEN, LILA FINNEY; SQUIERS, LINDA

2011-01-01

443

Lexical access in bilingual speech production: Evidence from language switching in highly proficient bilinguals and L2 learners  

Microsoft Academic Search

Five experiments are reported in which the picture naming performance of bilingual speakers in a language-switching task was explored. In Experiment 1, Spanish learners of Catalan and Korean learners of Spanish were asked to perform a switching task between their first and dominant language (L1, Spanish or Korean) and their second language (L2, Catalan or Spanish). For these two groups

Albert Costa; Mikel Santesteban

2004-01-01

444

Academic Achievement through FLES: A Case for Promoting Greater Access to Foreign Language Study among Young Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 established foreign languages as a core curricular content area; however, instructional emphasis continues to be placed on curricular areas that factor into state educational accountability programs. The present study explored whether foreign language study of first-year Grade 3 foreign language students who…

Taylor, Carolyn; Lafayette, Robert

2010-01-01

445

Environmental Information Management For Data Discovery and Access System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mercury is a federated metadata harvesting, search and retrieval tool based on both open source software and software developed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. It was originally developed for NASA, and the Mercury development consortium now includes funding from NASA, USGS, and DOE. A major new version of Mercury was developed during 2007 and released in early 2008. This new version provides orders of magnitude improvements in search speed, support for additional metadata formats, integration with Google Maps for spatial queries, support for RSS delivery of search results, and ready customization to meet the needs of the multiple projects which use Mercury. For the end users, Mercury provides a single portal to very quickly search for data and information contained in disparate data management systems. It collects metadata and key data from contributing project servers distributed around the world and builds a centralized index. The Mercury search interfaces then allow ! the users to perform simple, fielded, spatial and temporal searches across these metadata sources. This centralized repository of metadata with distributed data sources provides extremely fast search results to the user, while allowing data providers to advertise the availability of their data and maintain complete control and ownership of that data.

Giriprakash, P.

2011-01-01

446

Clear It Up: Plain Language in Government Health Information  

MedlinePLUS

... find and use health information. We host a health literacy web site that provides tips and tools for ... be more effective communicators. We also provide free health literacy training for anyone working to communicate health information ...

447

Analysis of Facial Expressions in American Sign Language  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the age of speech and voice recognition technologies, sign language recognition is an essential part of ensuring equal access for deaf people. To date, sign language recognition research has mostly ignored facial expressions that arise as part of a natural sign language discourse, even though they carry important grammatical and prosodic information. One reason is that tracking the motion

Christian Vogler; Siome Goldenstein

448

Virtual shelves in a digital library: a framework for access to networked information sources.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: Develop a framework for collections-based access to networked information sources that addresses the problem of location-dependent access to information sources. DESIGN: This framework uses a metaphor of a virtual shelf. A virtual shelf is a general-purpose server that is dedicated to a particular information subject class. The identifier of one of these servers identifies its subject class. Location-independent call numbers are assigned to information sources. Call numbers are based on standard vocabulary codes. The call numbers are first mapped to the location-independent identifiers of virtual shelves. When access to an information resource is required, a location directory provides a second mapping of these location-independent server identifiers to actual network locations. RESULTS: The framework has been implemented in two different systems. One system is based on the Open System Foundation/Distributed Computing Environment and the other is based on the World Wide Web. CONCLUSIONS: This framework applies in new ways traditional methods of library classification and cataloging. It is compatible with two traditional styles of selecting information searching and browsing. Traditional methods may be combined with new paradigms of information searching that will be able to take advantage of the special properties of digital information. Cooperation between the library-informational science community and the informatics community can provide a means for a continuing application of the knowledge and techniques of library science to the new problems of networked information sources.

Patrick, T B; Springer, G K; Mitchell, J A; Sievert, M E

1995-01-01

449

The (R)evolution of access networks for the information superhighway  

Microsoft Academic Search

Competition in deregulated telecommunication markets forces network operators to modernize their access networks-often called the “last mile” to the customer-to provide a mix of multimedia and traditional telecommunication services. Economics necessitate an evolutionary, step-by-step approach to migrate from the present access infrastructure-composed mainly of existing telephone networks and cable TV networks-to the ultimate information superhighway. At the end of the

Carel-Jan L. van Driel; A. M. van Grinsven; Verus Pronk; Wilfred A. M. Snijders

1997-01-01

450

Global access to aging information and the gerontology healthy ageing portal.  

PubMed

Nursing, gerontology, and information communications technologies are well positioned to influence gerontological health system development by promoting global access to evidence-based best practices that facilitate local access to knowledge. Gerontological nurses, as members of the global community, are encouraged to become partners in promoting active and healthy aging. One mechanism is by participating in the development of a Gerontology Healthy Ageing Portal in the eGranary Digital Library, an "Internet in a Box"™ that provides offline digital resources to institutions and individuals where Internet access is lacking or undependable. PMID:21175111

Skemp, Lisa E; Ko, Ji Woon; Missen, Cliff; Peterson, Diane

2010-12-22

451

Design and Evaluation of a Legal Information Flow (LIF) Scheduler in a Role-based Access Control Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

The role-based access control model is widely used to keep information systems secure. Here, a subject s is allowed to issue a method op to an object o only if an access right (o, op) is included in the roles granted to the subject s. Even if every access request is authorized in the roles, illegal information flow might occur

Tomoya Enokido; Makoto Takizawa

2007-01-01

452

Verbal Working Memory and Language Production: Common Approaches to the Serial Ordering of Verbal Information  

PubMed Central

Verbal working memory (WM) tasks typically involve the language production architecture for recall; however, language production processes have had a minimal role in theorizing about WM. A framework for understanding verbal WM results is presented here. In this framework, domain-specific mechanisms for serial ordering in verbal WM are provided by the language production architecture, in which positional, lexical, and phonological similarity constraints are highly similar to those identified in the WM literature. These behavioral similarities are paralleled in computational modeling of serial ordering in both fields. The role of long-term learning in serial ordering performance is emphasized, in contrast to some models of verbal WM. Classic WM findings are discussed in terms of the language production architecture. The integration of principles from both fields illuminates the maintenance and ordering mechanisms for verbal information.

Acheson, Daniel J.; MacDonald, Maryellen C.

2010-01-01

453

Federal Bureau of Investigation's Foreign Language Program: Translation of Counterterrorism and Counterintelligence Foreign Language Material.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Critical to the Federal Bureau of Investigations (FBI) success in protecting national security is its ability to prioritize, translate, and understand in a timely fashion the information to which it has access. In this regard, the Foreign Language Program...

2004-01-01

454

The Western New York Health Resources Project: developing access to local health information.  

PubMed Central

The Western New York Health Resources Project was created to fill a gap in online access to local health information resources describing the health of a defined geographic area. The project sought to identify and describe information scattered among many institutions, agencies, and individuals, and to create a database that would be widely accessible. The project proceeded in three phases with initial phases supported by grant funding. This paper describes the database development and selection of content, and concludes that a national online network of local health data representing the various geographic regions of the United States would contribute to the quality of health care in general.

Gray, S A; O'Shea, R; Petty, M E; Loonsk, J

1998-01-01

455

40 CFR 1400.9 - Access to off-site consequence analysis information by State and local government officials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...consequence analysis information by State and local government...REQUIREMENTS; RISK MANAGEMENT PROGRAMS UNDER THE...CONSEQUENCE ANALYSIS INFORMATION DISTRIBUTION OF OFF-SITE...CONSEQUENCE ANALYSIS INFORMATION Access to...

2013-07-01

456

From Interoperability to Integration: Making Data and Information Accessible and Usable for Decision Making  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent natural disasters in both the developed and developing world have illustrated the many barriers that still exist in accessing needed environmental and socioeconomic data and in integrating such data to provide timely and appropriate inputs for decision making. Although there has been much focus to date on issues of data interoperability, much more work is needed to address basic data access and integration problems. We will report on recent efforts to improve data access across the so-called "digital divide", to establish an "information commons" for science, and to improve the extent and quality of integrated databases to support decision making in the areas of disaster management and environmental sustainability. The Earth science community needs to work proactively to ensure that its own scientific data resources are accessible and usable in conjunction with other types of data needed for both research and applications.

Chen, R. S.; Balstad, R.

2005-12-01

457

Sex Bias in Career Information: Effects of Language on Attitudes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study explores how effective changes in information might be in altering sex stereotypes of occupations. College student subjects rated 20 occupations on 10 bipolar scales including appropriateness of the occupation for men versus women. ( Author)|

Yanico, Barbara J.

1978-01-01

458

Informal politics and inequity of access to health care in Lebanon  

PubMed Central

Introduction Despite the importance of political institutions in shaping the social environment, the causal impact of politics on health care access and inequalities has been understudied. Even when considered, research tends to focus on the effects of formal macro-political institutions such as the welfare state. We investigate how micro-politics and informal institutions affect access to care. Methods This study uses a mixed-methods approach, combining findings from a household survey (n?=?1789) and qualitative interviews (n?=?310) in Lebanon. Multivariate logistic regression was employed in the analysis of the survey to examine the effect of political activism on access to health care while controlling for age, sex, socioeconomic status, religious commitment and piety. Results We note a significantly positive association between political activism and the probability of receiving health aid (p?informants also reveal that, although a form of “universal coverage” exists in Lebanon whereby any citizen is eligible for coverage of hospitalization fees and treatments, in practice, access to health services is used by political parties and politicians as a deliberate strategy to gain and reward political support from individuals and their families. Conclusions Individuals with higher political activism have better access to health services than others. Informal, micro-level political institutions can have an important impact on health care access and utilization, with potentially detrimental effects on the least politically connected. A truly universal health care system that provides access based on medical need rather than political affiliation is needed to help to alleviate growing health disparities in the Lebanese population.

2012-01-01

459

FASTUS: A Cascaded Finite-State Transducer for Extracting Information from Natural-Language Text  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract FASTUS is a system for extracting information from natural language text for entry into a database and for other applications. It works essentially as a cascaded, nondeterministic finite-state automaton. There are five stages in the operation of FASTUS. In Stage 1, names and other fixed form expressions are recognized. In Stage 2, basic noun groups, verb groups, and prepositions

Jerry R. Hobbs; Douglas E. Appelt; John Bear; David J. Israel; Megumi Kameyama; Mark E. Stickel; Mabry Tyson

1997-01-01

460

Made in America: An Informal History of the English Language in the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Claiming that understanding the social context in which words are formed is necessary to appreciate the richness and vitality of language, this book presents an informal, discursive examination of how and why American speech came to be the way it is, and in particular where the words came from. The book follows a roughly chronological format from…

Bryson, Bill

461

Learning Information System Effects on Reading, Language Arts, Math, Science, and Social Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Scores for five subjects (Reading, Language Arts, Mathematics, Science, and Social Studies in grades 2 through 8) from the Tennessee Comprehensive Assessment Program were analyzed for several hundred Tennessee grade schools. Schools which owned the Accelerated Reader learning information system (a computer program which allows teachers to monitor…

Paul, Terrance; Swanson, Scott; Zhang, Wenyuan; Hehenberger, Lance

462

FASTUS: A System for Extracting Information from Natural-Language Text  

Microsoft Academic Search

FASTUS is a system for extracting information from free text in En- glish, and potentially other languages as well, for entry into a database, and potentially for other applications. It works essentially as a cas- caded, nondeterministic finite state automaton. There are four steps in the operation of FASTUS. In Step 1 sentences are scanned for cer- tain trigger words

Jerry R. Hobbs; Douglas Appelt; John Bear

1992-01-01

463

Information Literacy for Speech-Language Pathologists: A Key to Evidence-Based Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: In this tutorial, we review the tenets of information literacy (IL) that parallel and intersect with new American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) certification standards requiring clinicians to engage in evidence-based practice (EBP). Method: A review of the literature on EBP in medical and allied health areas was conducted…

Nail-Chiwetalu, Barbara J.; Ratner, Nan Bernstein

2006-01-01

464

Overcoming the Language Barrier. Third European Congress on Information Systems and Networks, Vol. 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The papers presented here have a double objective: to give those responsible for the Action plan for the improvement of information transfer between European languages a good view of existing and developing systems and to make future users of EURONET acquainted with methods and tools that will soon be available. The papers are arranged under six…

Commission des Communautes Europeennes (Luxembourg).

465

Querying across languages: a dictionary-based approach to multilingual information retrieval  

Microsoft Academic Search

The multilingual information retrieval system of the future will need to be able to retrieve documents across language boundaries. This extension of the classical IR problem is particularly challenging, ax significant resources are required to perform query translation. At Xerox, we are working to build a multilingual IR system and conducting a series of experiments to understand what factors are

David A. Hull; Gregory Grefenstette

1996-01-01

466

Memory for Relevant and Irrelevant Information: Evidence for Deficient Inhibitory Processes in Language\\/ Learning Disabled Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study examined whether language\\/learning disabled children have greater difficulty than nondisabled children suppressing information that becomes irrelevant during a sentence processing and memory task. During study trials, children were asked to predict and remember the terminal nouns for a series of sentences that highly constrained a terminal noun. For half of the study trials (fillers) the child's prediction

Thomas C. Lorsbach; Sherry Wilson; Jason F. Reimer

1996-01-01

467

Kalamazoo Area Resource Guide: Services, Support, and Information for Disorders of Speech, Language and Hearing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Directory of services for speech, language, and hearing in the Kalamazoo, Michigan, area. This resource guide is designed as a comprehensive reference tool and a source of general information regarding organizations or agencies which may be helpful for educational or referral purposes. The initial section of the guide lists services and support systems that encompass a broad range of general

Sarah J. DeWeese; Anne Marie VanSlambrouck

2000-01-01

468

Minimum Information Code in a Pure Functional Language with Data Types  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we study programs written in a purely functional language with Data Types. We introduce a class of redundant code, the minimum information code, consisting either of dead code (code we may avoid evaluating), or of code whose useful part is constant. Both kinds of code may be removed, speeding-up the evaluation in this way: we introduce an

Stefano Berardi; Luca Boerio

1997-01-01

469

Literacy for Sustainable Development in the Age of Information. Language and Education Library 14.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book examines literacy for sustainable development in the age of information. It begins by discussing the relationship between literacy and hegemony, social policy, national language policy, colonial relations, and postcolonial realities. Also discussed in the introduction are views and definitions of literacy and considerations in mapping a…

Rassool, Naz

470

An Evaluation of Help Mechanisms in Natural Language Information Retrieval Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Evaluates the current state of natural language processing information retrieval systems from the user's point of view, focusing on the structure and components of the systems' help mechanisms. Topics include user/system interaction; semantic parsing; syntactic parsing; semantic mapping; and concept matching. (Author/LRW)|

Kreymer, Oleg

2002-01-01

471

Development of a Natural Language Interface to a Geographical Information System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper will discuss a two and a half year long project undertaken to develop an English-language interface for the geographical information system GRASS. The work was carried out for NASA by a small business, Netrologic, based in San Diego, California...

S. W. Toledo B. Davis

1993-01-01

472

Information in the Language Sciences: Proceedings of the Conference Held at Warrenton, Virginia, March 4-6, 1966.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of 22 papers from the Conference on Information in the Language Sciences held in Warrenton, Va., in 1966, sponsored by the Center for Applied Linguistics, stresses three themes: general trends, information needs of the languages sciences, and system design. Discussions attempt to formulate modern rational approaches to the complex…

Freeman, Robert R., Ed.; And Others

473

Information in the Language Sciences: Proceedings of the Conference Held at Warrenton, Virginia, March 4-6, 1966.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This collection of 22 papers from the Conference on Information in the Language Sciences held in Warrenton, Va., in 1966, sponsored by the Center for Applied Linguistics, stresses three themes: general trends, information needs of the languages sciences, and system design. Discussions attempt to formulate modern rational approaches to the complex…

Freeman, Robert R., Ed.; And Others

474

10 CFR 727.5 - What acknowledgment and consent is required for access to information on DOE computers?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...required for access to information on DOE computers? 727.5 Section 727.5 Energy...TO INFORMATION ON DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY COMPUTERS § 727.5 What acknowledgment and...required for access to information on DOE computers? An individual may not be...

2013-01-01

475

LONG-TERM MEMORY AND LANGUAGE : DIFFERENTIATION BETWEEN ACCESS TO WORDS IN DECLARATIVE MEMORY AND RULE APPLICATION IN PROCEDURAL MEMORY  

Microsoft Academic Search

According to linguistic and psycholinguistic models, language depends on a mental lexicon and a mental grammar. The former is a long-term memory store involving all words acquired by an individual, while the latter is responsible for the generation of regular forms through the application of linguistic rules. In an attempt to reconcile language with other memory functions, Ullman and colleagues

Joël Macoir; Marion Fossard

476

Got Film? Is It a Readily Accessible Window to the Target Language and Culture for Your Students?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews what we know about integrating film into our foreign language classes and addresses the aspects of film and the media literacy issues that impact deeper understanding of the target language and culture. In addition, I illustrate the interplay of these factors in planning instruction that integrates film in the third and fourth…

Bueno, Kathleen A.

2009-01-01

477

The geographical accessibility of hospitals to the aged: a geographic information systems analysis within Illinois.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE. This article uses geographic information systems and their related tools to empirically measure and display the geographic accessibility of the aged population to hospital facilities within Illinois. DATA SOURCES AND STUDY SETTING. Geographic accessibility of Illinois' aged population is measured from each of the state's 10,796 census block groups to the state's 214 hospital facilities. Block group demographic compositions and centroids are obtained from 1990 census files. Hospital coordinates are obtained by the authors. STUDY DESIGN. Of five alternative measures of accessibility considered, empirical estimates are obtained for two: choice set and minimum distance. Access to both general hospitals and the subset having specialized geriatric facilities is measured with special attention to differences in accessibility between the aged within metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs) and those outside MSAs. Cumulative accessibility distributions and their summary statistics provide a basis of comparison among subgroups. DATA COLLECTION AND EXTRACTION. Geographic information systems (GIS) and their related tools are used as a means of efficiently capturing, organizing, storing, and retrieving the required data. Hospitals and census block groups are geocoded to specific locations in the database, and aspatial attributes are assigned to the hospitals and block groups. The GIS database is queried to produce shaded isarithm and point distribution maps that show the location of hospitals relative to surrounding aged populations. CONCLUSION. The vast majority of Illinois' aged population is within close proximity to hospital facilities. Eighty percent (1,147,504 persons) of the aged in Illinois are within 4.8 miles (7.7 km) of a hospital and 11.6 miles (18.7 km) of two hospitals. However, geographic accessibility differences between the aged living in MSAs and those living outside MSAs to hospitals offering geriatric services are substantial; but there is no evidence that the aged's geographical accessibility to hospitals is less favorable than that of the general population. Detailed accessibility measures permitted by geographic information system technology call into question the continued use of crude empirical accessibility measures. Images Figure 2

Love, D; Lindquist, P

1995-01-01

478

Accessibility and retrieval of electronic information at the University of Agriculture Library, Abeokuta, Nigeria  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the accessibility and retrieval of electronic information in the Nigerian University of Agriculture Library. A three-part questionnaire was given to 1,000 out of an estimated 5,030 users of electronic information in the university library using a simple random sampling technique from whom 789 responses were returned and found usable. This constituted a 78.9 per cent response. The

A. A. Oduwole; C. B. Akpati

2003-01-01

479

Utilizing Information Technology Tools to Provide Affordable Access to Evidence -based Resources in the Developing World  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper will is a review of the development of the virtual health sciences libraries. Virtual\\/digital libraries provide full text access to selected journals and books. Since, the needs of researchers and academicians cannot be met from any single source of information, integrating RSS with virtual health sciences libraries can help provide more comprehensive, up-to-date and full text information. This

Ashish Atreja; Ranjan Dwivedi

2008-01-01

480

Semantic-Enabled Information Access: An Application in the Electricity Market Domain  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In this chapter we combine theory from ontologies, case base reasoning and fuzzy algebra to construct a novel framework for\\u000a semantic-enabled information access. This framework is able to provide a comprehensive and effective way for the development\\u000a of semantic information retrieval systems aimed to serve specific domains and operate in under specific contexts. In order\\u000a to facilitate readers and also

Panos Alexopoulos; Manolis Wallace; Konstantinos Kafentzis; Christoforos Zoumas; Dimitris Askounis

2010-01-01

481

Differential impact of brain damage on the access mode to memory representations: an information theoretic approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Different access modes to information stored in long-term memory can lead to different distributions of errors in classification tasks. We have designed a famous faces memory classification task that allows for the extraction of a measure of metric content, an index of the relevance of semantic cues for classification performance. High levels of metric content are indicative of a relatively

Rosapia Lauro-Grotto; Elisa Ciaramelli; Carolina Piccini; Alessandro Treves

2007-01-01

482

Information campaign and advocacy efforts to promote access to emergency contraception in Mexico  

Microsoft Academic Search

Emergency contraception (EC) has the potential to reduce unwanted pregnancy significantly, in Mexico as elsewhere. Recent years have seen tremendous growth in programs and research devoted to expanding access to emergency methods worldwide. In Mexico we developed a comprehensive model introduction effort that included four components: provider training, public information (through a dedicated hotline and website, free media, paid radio

Charlotte Ellertson; Angela Heimburger; Dolores Acevedo-Garcia; Raffaela Schiavon; Guillermina Mejia; Georgina Corona; Eduardo del Castillo; Ana Langer

2002-01-01

483

Providing access to unique information sources: a reusable platform for publishing bibliographic databases on the Web  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Scholarly Communication Center (SCC) within Rutgers University Libraries has launched several important digital library projects. A major objective of the SCC has been to publish unique information sources on the Web that are not likely to be published elsewhere. Publishing bibliographic databases on the Web can significantly enhance access to an original collection of research literature and further enrich

Ronald C. Jantz

2000-01-01

484

NASA Earth Observations (NEO): Data Access for Informal Education and Outreach  

Microsoft Academic Search

The NEO (NASA Earth Observations) web space is currently under development with the goal of significantly increasing the demand for NASA remote sensing data while dramatically simplifying public access to georeferenced images. NEO will target the unsophisticated, non-traditional data users who are currently underserved by the existing data ordering systems. These users will include formal and informal educators, museum and

K. Ward; D. Herring

2005-01-01

485

Access to Information and Instructional Technologies in Higher Education II: Practical Recommendations for Disability Service Providers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is an applied companion to our empirical article elsewhere in this issue (Fichten et al., in press) on technological needs and concerns of Canadian junior\\/community college- and university-based disability service providers. Here, we provide highlights of our findings as well as timely, practical recommendations to disability service providers about ensuring access to the growing array of information and instructional

Jennison V. Asuncion; Catherine S. Fichten; Maria Barile; Myrtis E. Fossey; Chantal Robillard

2004-01-01

486

Computer-Based Systems for Increasing Information Access to School Media Center Materials. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The project presented here explored the possibility of using computer-based systems to increase information access to non-text children's materials at the pre-school through elementary (6th grade) school levels. This final report includes an indicative summary as well as ten separate papers that describe a range of applications of proven computer…

Hines, Theodore C.; And Others

487

Enhancing Health Literacy through Accessing Health Information, Products, and Services: An Exercise for Children and Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The second National Health Education Standard states the importance of student demonstration of the ability to access valid health information and services. The teaching technique presented in this article provides an opportunity for children and adolescents to develop their health literacy and advocacy skills by contributing to a class resource…

Brey, Rebecca A.; Clark, Susan E.; Wantz, Molly S.

2007-01-01

488

Joint Source-Channel Coding over a Fading Multiple Access Channel with Partial Channel State Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we address the problem of transmis- sion of correlated sources over a fast fading multiple access channel (MAC) with partial channel state information available at both the encoders and the decoder. We provide sufficient conditions for transmission with given distortions. Next these conditions are specialized to a Gaussian MAC (GMAC). We provide the optimal power allocation strategy

R Rajesh; Vinod Sharma

2009-01-01

489

MaizeGDB: Global support for maize research through open access information [abstract  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

MaizeGDB is the open-access global repository for maize genetic and genomic information – from single genes that determine nutritional quality to whole genome-scale data for complex traits including yield and drought tolerance. The data and tools at MaizeGDB enable researchers from Ethiopia to Ghan...

490

Access and Use of Relevant Information: A Specific Case and General Issues.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The access and use of relevant information is a crucial aspect of cognition. This chapter examines this issue within a research program of how people are reminded of earlier problems during the learning of a cognitive skill. This discussion focusses on us...

B. H. Ross

1990-01-01

491

Information Capacity of the Space Division Multiple Access Mobile Communication System  

Microsoft Academic Search

An expression for the Shannon capacity lower bound of the space division multiple access (SDMA) mobile communication channel with interference is shown. The bound is tightly approaching the Shannon capacity of the orthogonal SDMA system over Gaussian channel with no interference. The information capacity of the SDMA system with adaptive MMSE receivers is presented as well. The SDMA system with

Predrag B. Rapajic

1999-01-01

492

19 CFR 356.10 - Procedures for obtaining access to proprietary information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

In order to be permitted access to proprietary information in the administrative record of a final determination under review by a panel, all persons described in §§ 356.9 (a), (b), (d), (e), (f) and (g) shall file an application for a protective...

2010-04-01

493

Instant Access in Forensics: Issues Created by the Internet and Electronic Information Systems in Forensic Competition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although technology has created endless benefits for society, these benefits are accompanied by increased responsibilities and dangers. On-line research and the internet have completely altered the surface of forensics. Advantages of using the internet are the access to a wealth of information, which could constitute an equalizer for smaller…

Scott, Shannon

494

The “author pays” model of open access and UK-wide information strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to comment on recent trends in UK information strategy which aim to further the development of a coherent national “author pays” open access (APOA) research publication system. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A description of APOA national policy initiatives, which is put into a wider context by looking at some economic analyses of the principles

Nicholas Joint

2009-01-01

495

Enhancing Health Literacy through Accessing Health Information, Products, and Services: An Exercise for Children and Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The second National Health Education Standard states the importance of student demonstration of the ability to access valid health information and services. The teaching technique presented in this article provides an opportunity for children and adolescents to develop their health literacy and advocacy skills by contributing to a class resource…

Brey, Rebecca A.; Clark, Susan E.; Wantz, Molly S.

2007-01-01

496

Improving Information Access through Technology: A Plan for Louisiana's Public Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Strengthening technology in Louisiana's public libraries will support equitable and convenient access to electronic information resources for all citizens at library sites, in homes, and in business. The plan presented in this document is intended to enhance and expand technology in the state's public libraries. After discussion of the crucial…

Jaques, Thomas F.

497

Women Empowerment through Access to Information: The Strategic Roles of Non-Governmental Organizations in Nigeria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the last few decades, there has been steady increasing awareness of the need to empower women in order to improve their socioeconomic status to be able to cope and also contribute effectively in this period of economic crisis. ATI (access to information) provision is a vital factor in empowerment, thus, many organizations, such as library,…

Oyelude, Adetoun A.; Bamigbola, Alice A.

2013-01-01

498

On2broker: Semantic-Based Access to Information Sources at the WWW.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|On2broker provides brokering services to improve access to heterogeneous, distributed, and semistructured information sources as they are presented in the World Wide Web. It relies on the use of ontologies to make explicit the semantics of Web pages. This paper discusses the general architecture and main components (i.e., query engine,…

Fensel, Dieter; Angele, Jurgen; Decker, Stefan; Erdmann, Michael; Schnurr, Hans-Peter; Staab, Steffen; Studer, Rudi; Witt, Andreas

499

Integration of Browsing, Searching, and Filtering in an Applet for Web Information Access  

Microsoft Academic Search

Improvements to information access on the World Wide Web has to be considered one of today's strategic challenges. In this paper we present a Java applet called AMIT (Animated Multiscale Interactive TreeViewer) that integrates fisheye tree browsing with search and filtering techniques. Used in combination with a web walker, a search server, and a tree server, it shows promise as

Kent Wittenburg; Eric Sigman

1997-01-01

500

Integrating the lightweight authentication protocol (LAP) with access control mechanisms in wireless health care information systems.  

PubMed

Health information networks are expected to support information exchange that is authentic, accurate, private and available when, where and to whom is needed. With the increase of the shared medical information and resources in healthcare wireless information systems, unauthorized access to the information by illegal users also increases. The security of the transmitted information is a vital issue. In this paper, we report on the development of the Lightweight Authentication Protocol (LAP), which makes a mobile and distributed system more secure and flexible and we implement it in a Health Care Environment where the clinicians use mobile and wireless devices like PDAs. We also provide an indicative example of integrating the LAP with access control mechanisms. Context-based Team Access Control (C-TMAC) model is used in this example, since it provides great flexibility on user-permissions management in collaborative healthcare environments. LAP is indeed capable to support efficiently the advanced authorization procedures of such demanding active security models. PMID:15460782

Chousiadis, C; Georgiadis, C K; Pangalos, G

2002-01-01