Note: This page contains sample records for the topic language information access from Science.gov.
While these samples are representative of the content of Science.gov,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of Science.gov
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.
Last update: August 15, 2014.
1

Multimodal language processing for mobile information access  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interfaces for mobile information access need to allow users flexi- bility in their choice of modes and interaction style in accordance with their preferences, the task at hand, and their physical and social environment. This paper describes the approach to mul- timodal language processing in MATCH (Multimodal Access To City Help), a mobile multimodal speech-pen interface to restaurant and subway

Michael Johnston; Srinivas Bangalore; Amanda Stent; Gunaranjan Vasireddy; Patrick Ehlen

2002-01-01

2

Barriers to Information Access across Languages on the Internet: Network and Language Effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the role of language in accessing information on the Internet. We combined data about website visitors through log-file analysis with data about web-hosts and links obtained from a crawler. Results suggest that language may represent a double barrier: first, the number of native speakers determines the number of web-hosts, and hence the amount of information and the

Anett Kralisch; Thomas Mandl

2006-01-01

3

Exploring the Further Integration of Machine Translation in English-Chinese Cross Language Information Access  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper seeks to examine the further integration of machine translation technologies with cross language information access in providing web users the capabilities of accessing information beyond language barriers. Machine translation and cross language information access are related technologies, and yet they have their own unique…

Wu, Dan; He, Daqing

2012-01-01

4

Using Access Control for Secure Information Flow in a Java-like Language  

Microsoft Academic Search

Access control mechanisms are widely used with the in- tent of enforcing confidentiality and other policies, but few formal connections have been made between information flow and access control. Java and C are object-oriented languages that provide fine-grained access control. An ac- cess control list specifies local policy by authorizing per- missions for principals (code sources) associated with class declarations;

Anindya Banerjee; David A. Naumann

2003-01-01

5

Use of Urban Adolescent Natural Language to Access Sexual Health Information and Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sexual health information could be more accessible to urban adolescents. Many of the sexual health information Web sites are indexed using medical terms instead of slang terms that are typically used by teenagers. Many Americans have poor health literacy; sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV\\/AIDS, are affecting more and more young people. Actively indexing and mapping natural language terms to the

Nicola J. Cecchino; Susan E. Morgan

2009-01-01

6

How to Declare Access Control Policies for XML Structured Information Objects using OASIS' eXtensible Access Control Markup Language (XACML)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Web Services, as the new building blocks of today's Internet provide the power to access distributed and heterogeneous information objects, which is the base for more advanced use like in electronic commerce. But, the access to these information objects is not always unrestricted. The owner of the information objects may control access due to different reasons. This paper introduces a

Andreas Matheus

2005-01-01

7

Comparing Information Access Approaches.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a broad view of information access, drawing from philosophy and semiology in constructing a framework for comparative discussion that is used to examine the information representations that underlie four approaches to information access--information retrieval, workflow, collaborative filtering, and the path model. Contains 32 references.…

Chalmers, Matthew

1999-01-01

8

Information Center on Accessible Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Different legal bases such as the Federal Discrimination Act on People with Disabilities and the eGovernment law show the\\u000a importance of web accessibility and it is well known that technical accessibility is not compre-hensive without an adequate\\u000a usability. Nevertheless, from the point of view regarding a comprehensive accessibility of information this will be too little\\u000a especially with regard to people

Kerstin Matausch; Birgit Peböck

2008-01-01

9

MENELAS: an access system for medical records using natural language  

Microsoft Academic Search

The overall goal of Menelas is to provide better access to the information contained in natural language patient discharge summaries, through the design and implementation of a pilot system able to access medical reports through natural languages. A first, experimental version of the Menelas indexing prototype for French has been assembled. Its function is to encode free text PDSs into

Pierre Zweigenbaum

1994-01-01

10

Language Diversity and Language Policy in Educational Access and Equity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the role of language policies in mediating access and equity in education. By examining a range of research and case studies on language policies, the authors explore how educational language policies serve as a central gatekeeper to education itself, as well as to quality education that may fundamentally depend on language

Tollefson, James W.; Tsui, Amy B. M.

2014-01-01

11

Informational Measurements of Language.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report gives the major statistical and informational evaluations for Indo-European (Russian, Polish, English, French, Rumanian, Spanish) and Turkish (Azerbaidzhan, Kazakh) languages. These evaluations (entropy, redundancy, contextual conditionality, d...

R. G. Piotrovskii

1972-01-01

12

Access to Government Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that the public's right of access to government publications is increasingly difficult to manage in light of changing technologies and budget constraints, and suggests principles and policies to preserve the traditional right of access. (28 references) (LAE)

Allen, Kenneth B.

1992-01-01

13

Managing Information Resources for Accessibility.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

General Services Administration's (GSA's) Information Resources Management (IRM) Service is working with other agencies to provide information environments that are accessible by people with disabilities. The handbook discusses how to integrate informatio...

1991-01-01

14

Accessing Space Weather Information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To meet the needs of our technology based society, space weather forecasting needs to be advanced and this will entail collaboration amongst research, military and commercial communities to find new ways to understand, characterize, and forecast. In this presentation VITMO, the Virtual Ionosphere-Thermosphere-Mesosphere Observatory will be used as a prototype for a generalized system as a means to bring together a set of tools to access data, models and online collaboration tools to enable rapid progress. VITMO, available at http://vitmo.jhuapl.edu/, currently provides a data access portal for researchers and scientists to enable finding data products as well as access to tools and models. To further the needs of space weather forecasters, the existing VITMO data holdings need to be expanded to provide additional datasets as well as integrating relevant models and model output. VITMO can easily be adapted for the Space Weather domain in its entirety. In this presentation, we will demonstrate how VITMO and the VITMO architecture can be utilized as a prototype in support of integration of Space Weather forecasting tools, models and data.

Morrison, D.; Weiss, M.; Immer, E. A.; Patrone, D.; Potter, M.; Barnes, R. J.; Colclough, C.; Holder, R.

2009-12-01

15

Computer-supported access to engineering information  

SciTech Connect

A computer-based documentation system is described that provides access to the information stored in written documents and drawings. This system contains the syntax of a documentation language, several computer programs, and special methods. The latter enable users to formulate the semantics of their own documentation language, to employ that language when describing the information content of documents and formulating queries, and to organize the storage and retrieval procedure. The system is explained by its application to nuclear power plant documentation. Finally, a layer model of an integrated software system is presented that is suited to support engineers work continuously. 7 references.

Schwarz, H.; Glock, H.J.; Mueller, F.

1985-01-01

16

Accessibility of Outdated Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2 previous studies (O'Brien, Rizzella, Albrecht, & Halleran, 1998; Zwaan & Madden, 2004), researchers have provided conflicting accounts about whether outdated information continues to influence the comprehension of subsequent text. The current set of experiments was designed to explore further the impact of outdated information on…

O'Brien, Edward J.; Cook, Anne E.; Gueraud, Sabine

2010-01-01

17

Acquisition of Language Information from Online Databases  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This report describes the methods to acquire language information from online databases, which are usually employed to retrieve technical information. Typical uses are shown to obtain equivalent foreign words, language usages, illustrative sentences and statistical linguistic data, by use of JOIS, DIALOG, SDC and BRS online information systems. In comparison with dictionaries and usage books, the online databases provide a vast file of language information, which is unabridged, continually updated and accessible through any words or their combinations. In addition, they give quantitative data such as frequencies in use of words and expressions.

Sano, Hikomaro

18

RAPID ACCESS INFORMATION SYSTEM (RAINS)  

EPA Science Inventory

RAINS has been designed to provide you fast, easy, flexible access to the Region's vast stores of environmental, programmatic, and administrative data and information. RAINS will allow users to approach and interact with this information in an integrated, multi-dimensional contex...

19

ONTERIS: Access to Education Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the information needs of English-as-a-second-language teachers and ways in which the ONTERIS (Ontario Education Resources Information System) system of education information databases can provide valuable assistance, covering database contents, sources, utilization, dissemination, and sample records. (Author/CB)

Derksen, Diane; Goodman, Judy

1988-01-01

20

Managing Self-Access Language Learning: Principles and Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is based on a research project looking at the management of self-access language learning (SALL) from the perspective of the managers of self-access centres. It looks at the factors which influence the practice of seven managers of self-access language learning in tertiary institutions in Hong Kong. The discussion centres around five…

Gardner, David; Miller, Lindsay

2011-01-01

21

Maori access to information technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The extent of Internet access is a key indicator of the Maori people’s ability to use information technologies for social, e-commerce and e-government communication. The key findings from national surveys of Internet use during 2000 and 2001, together with census data, provide an indication of Internet access amongst Maori. The results show there is a substantial “digital divide” between Maori

Brett Parker

2003-01-01

22

An Access Path Specification Language for restructuring network databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Access Path Specification Language (APSL) is a high-level essentially nonprocedural language for specifying restructuring transformations of network databases. It does so in terms of application-oriented concepts such as access strategies and selection criteria. APSL's approach to restructuring emphasizes description of the source structures from which target data is to be retrieved, rather than the operations needed to convert source

Donald Swartwout

1977-01-01

23

Language Nonselective Lexical Access in Bilingual Toddlers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examined how words from bilingual toddlers' second language (L2) primed recognition of related target words in their first language (L1). On critical trials, prime-target word pairs were either (a) phonologically related, with L2 primes overlapped phonologically with L1 target words [e.g., "slide" (L2 prime)-"Kleid" (L1 target, "dress")], or…

Von Holzen, Katie; Mani, Nivedita

2012-01-01

24

An access control language for web services  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an approach for formally specifying and enforcing security policies on web service implementations. Networked services in general, and web services in particular, require extensive amounts of code to ensure that clients respect site-integrity constraints. We provide a language by which these constraints can be expressed and enforced automatically, portably and efficiently. Security policies in our system are

Emin Gün Sirer; Ke Wang

2002-01-01

25

Integration of perceptual information in word access.  

PubMed

According to experiential theories of language comprehension, perceptual information plays an essential role when word meanings are accessed. We conducted four experiments to investigate how different types of perceptual information such as colour and shape are combined during word access. One possibility is that the colour and shape of a word's referent are activated independently from one another and are combined in an additive manner. Alternatively, words might activate perceptual representations via a multiplicative integration of colour and shape. Experiment 1 established that participants follow a multiplicative similarity rule when they judge the similarity of schematic pictures to actual fruits and vegetables. In Experiments 2 to 4, participants performed a classification task, a lexical decision task, or a word-naming task on names of fruits and vegetables that were superimposed on a background picture. Responses were facilitated only when both colour and shape of the picture matched the word's referents. Response times were associated negatively with mean similarity ratings and the consistency of these ratings obtained in the first experiment. These results suggest a multiplicative integration of different types of perceptual information during word access. PMID:19424906

Richter, Tobias; Zwaan, Rolf A

2010-01-01

26

M-GIS - Mobile and Interoperable Access to Geographic Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes an architecture which can be used to access geographic information from mobile devices with limited display and processing characteristics, such as Personal Digital Assistants (PDA) or Mobile Phones. The information may come from dierent sources leading to an interoperable solution. M-GIS obtains geographic information from sources described using Ge- ography Markup Language (GML) from one or more

Jorge Cardoso; Artur Rocha; João Correia Lopes

2004-01-01

27

Access Technology for Network Information Resources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the technical access barriers that inhibit the effective use of the information resources available on higher education networks; the emerging information server technology that promises to alleviate many access problems; and the growing popularity of the Z39.50 protocol, including questions about this information retrieval…

Lynch, Clifford A.

1990-01-01

28

Improving Immigrants' Access to Public Services in the United States: Language Access Policy and Policy Implementation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Language access mandates in the USA, which require that governmental services be provided in any needed language, have been largely ignored since their first enacting. However, the past decade has seen an increase in the number of national, state, and local efforts to accommodate limited English-proficient individuals. This article provides an…

Sperling, Jessica

2009-01-01

29

Connectionist models of language production: lexical access and grammatical encoding  

Microsoft Academic Search

INTRODUCTIONPsycholinguistic research into language production---the process of translating thoughtsinto speech---has long been associated with connectionist models. Spreading activationmodels of lexical access in production represent some of the earliest applications ofconnectionist ideas to psycholinguistic data (e.g., Dell & Reich, 1977; Harley, 1984;MacKay, 1982; Stemberger, 1985). These models combined representations from linguisticswith interactive activation principles and sought ...

Gary S. Dell; Franklin Chang; Zenzi M. Griffin

1999-01-01

30

Relational Database Access Layers A Pattern Language The Key Patterns  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Relational Database Access Layer helps you design applications that use relational databases and also reflect the relational calculus at a business object level. Such applications are known as data driven or representational (Mar95). The systems need not be object-oriented, you may also use a 3GL. Hence, the pattern language passes over mapping inheritance and polymorphism. This paper comprises the

Wolfgang Keller; Jens Coldewey

1997-01-01

31

The Assessment of Self-Access Language Learning: Practical Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Self-access centers are a popular type of language support offered by an increasing number of schools and universities around the world. Assessment of the learning that takes place in such centers is seen as both crucial and problematic. Many barriers to successful assessment appear to exist, but these have not been comprehensively documented,…

Reinders, Hayo; Lazaro, Noemi

2008-01-01

32

Information Security Course: Access Control  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Material covering Access Control: Authentication and authorization, password-based security, ACLs and capabilities, multilevel and multilateral security, covert channels and inference control, BLP and Biba's models, firewalls, and intrusion detection systems

Segura, Eduardo

2007-04-16

33

Public-Access Information System Terminal.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The invention relates generally to information retrieval systems, and is particularly concerned with a computer-linked remote terminal unit for providing public access to electronically stored route and schedule information at airports, bus terminals, rai...

L. Frenkel M. Gorstein

1980-01-01

34

Rising Expectations: Access to Biomedical Information  

PubMed Central

Summary Objective To provide an overview of the expansion in public access to electronic biomedical information over the past two decades, with an emphasis on developments to which the U.S. National Library of Medicine contributed. Methods Review of the increasingly broad spectrum of web-accessible genomic data, biomedical literature, consumer health information, clinical trials data, and images. Results The amount of publicly available electronic biomedical information has increased dramatically over the past twenty years. Rising expectations regarding access to biomedical information were stimulated by the spread of the Internet, the World Wide Web, advanced searching and linking techniques. These informatics advances simplified and improved access to electronic information and reduced costs, which enabled inter-organizational collaborations to build and maintain large international information resources and also aided outreach and education efforts The demonstrated benefits of free access to electronic biomedical information encouraged the development of public policies that further increase the amount of information available. Conclusions Continuing rapid growth of publicly accessible electronic biomedical information presents tremendous opportunities and challenges, including the need to ensure uninterrupted access during disasters or emergencies and to manage digital resources so they remain available for future generations.

Lindberg, D. A. B.; Humphreys, B. L.

2008-01-01

35

Controlling access to pervasive information in the \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pervasive-computing infrastructures necessarily collect a lot of con- text information to disseminate to their context-aware applications. Due to the personal or proprietary nature of much of this context information, however, the infrastructure must limit access to context information to authorized persons. In this paper we propose a new access-control mechanism for event-based context- distribution infrastructures. The core of our approach

Kazuhiro Minami; David Kotz

36

Educational Audiologists: Their Access, Benefit, and Collaborative Assistance to Speech-Language Pathologists in Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The main goals of this study were to determine if school-based speech-language pathologists (SLPs) have access to the services of an audiologist and if those SLPs felt they obtained benefit from the audiologist's services. Additional goals included gathering information about SLPs' (a) understanding of basic audiological concepts typical…

Richburg, Cynthia McCormick; Knickelbein, Becky A.

2011-01-01

37

Automated Access to Multilingual Information: A Brazilian Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifies some of the problems the foreign language barrier creates in the handling of scientific and technical texts in Brazil and suggests the creation of some automated tools to overcome these problems. It is suggested that international efforts to maximize access to technical and scientific information will improve multilingual communication…

Lopes, Roseane R. Velho

1989-01-01

38

IMPROVING ACCESS TO INFORMATION ABOUT ORD PROJECTS  

EPA Science Inventory

ORD project information is maintained in, and retrieved from, multiple systems and home pages. Not all sources of project information are Intranet accessible. Descriptive information may be abbreviated and not useful in conveying a comprehensive understanding of a project. The m...

39

Accessibility of Emergency Information on Television  

MedlinePLUS

... may be impossible to provide accessible emergency information. Filing a Complaint If you have a complaint about ... welcome but not required. What Happens After I File a Complaint? The FCC will notify the video ...

40

Lexical access in sign language: a computational model  

PubMed Central

Psycholinguistic theories have predominantly been built upon data from spoken language, which leaves open the question: How many of the conclusions truly reflect language-general principles as opposed to modality-specific ones? We take a step toward answering this question in the domain of lexical access in recognition by asking whether a single cognitive architecture might explain diverse behavioral patterns in signed and spoken language. Chen and Mirman (2012) presented a computational model of word processing that unified opposite effects of neighborhood density in speech production, perception, and written word recognition. Neighborhood density effects in sign language also vary depending on whether the neighbors share the same handshape or location. We present a spreading activation architecture that borrows the principles proposed by Chen and Mirman (2012), and show that if this architecture is elaborated to incorporate relatively minor facts about either (1) the time course of sign perception or (2) the frequency of sub-lexical units in sign languages, it produces data that match the experimental findings from sign languages. This work serves as a proof of concept that a single cognitive architecture could underlie both sign and word recognition.

Caselli, Naomi K.; Cohen-Goldberg, Ariel M.

2014-01-01

41

NASA access mechanism: Graphical user interface information retrieval system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Access to online information sources of aerospace, scientific, and engineering data, a mission focus for NASA's Scientific and Technical Information Program, has always been limited to factors such as telecommunications, query language syntax, lack of standardization in the information, and the lack of adequate tools to assist in searching. Today, the NASA STI Program's NASA Access Mechanism (NAM) prototype offers a solution to these problems by providing the user with a set of tools that provide a graphical interface to remote, heterogeneous, and distributed information in a manner adaptable to both casual and expert users. Additionally, the NAM provides access to many Internet-based services such as Electronic Mail, the Wide Area Information Servers system, Peer Locating tools, and electronic bulletin boards.

Hunter, Judy; Generous, Curtis; Duncan, Denise

1993-01-01

42

NASA Access Mechanism - Graphical user interface information retrieval system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Access to online information sources of aerospace, scientific, and engineering data, a mission focus for NASA's Scientific and Technical Information Program, has always been limited by factors such as telecommunications, query language syntax, lack of standardization in the information, and the lack of adequate tools to assist in searching. Today, the NASA STI Program's NASA Access Mechanism (NAM) prototype offers a solution to these problems by providing the user with a set of tools that provide a graphical interface to remote, heterogeneous, and distributed information in a manner adaptable to both casual and expert users. Additionally, the NAM provides access to many Internet-based services such as Electronic Mail, the Wide Area Information Servers system, Peer Locating tools, and electronic bulletin boards.

Hunter, Judy F.; Generous, Curtis; Duncan, Denise

1993-01-01

43

5 CFR 1312.23 - Access to classified information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2014-01-01 false Access to classified information...NATIONAL SECURITY INFORMATION Control and Accountability of Classified Information § 1312.23 Access to classified information...need to knowâ and the access is essential to the...

2014-01-01

44

Rethinking access in an information age.  

PubMed

Medical information is part of the growing global resource that constitutes the World Wide Web. Researching health information is one of the most common reasons for using the Internet. In 1997, nearly half of U.S. users spent time looking for health information or support on the Internet. More recently, the Internet allows medically naive users to question physicians and other clinicians about health-related topics by e-mail and other digital communication methods. In the face of this growing technology, the term "access" now encompasses the availability of specialized information to the general public. This article reviews the meaning of access in terms of the growing information Movement, looks at opportunities this presents to clinicians, and analyzes barriers to widespread and appropriate information access. PMID:10655871

Gallagher, S M

1999-09-01

45

Accessing complexity from genome information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper studies the information content of the chromosomes of 24 species. In a first phase, a scheme inspired in dynamical system state space representation is developed. For each chromosome the state space dynamical evolution is shed into a two dimensional chart. The plots are then analyzed and characterized in the perspective of fractal dimension. This information is integrated in two measures of the species' complexity addressing its average and variability. The results are in close accordance with phylogenetics pointing quantitative aspects of the species' genomic complexity.

Tenreiro Machado, J. A.

2012-06-01

46

Uncovering Information: Subject Access to Information in Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 16 articles in this theme issue focus on ways in which libraries provide subject access to their collections in a fast-changing technological environment: (1) "Uncovering Information" (Neal K. Kaske and Peter Paulson); (2) "The New York State Library's Evolving Public Access Catalog" (Alexandria Wolff and Jean Hargrave); (3) "Online Access to…

The Bookmark, 1989

1989-01-01

47

Comparative Evaluation of Cross-language Information Retrieval Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a With the increasing importance of the “Global Information Society“ and as the world’s depositories of online collections proliferate,\\u000a there is a growing need for systems that enable access to information of interest wherever and however it is stored, regardless\\u000a of form or language. In recognition of this, five years ago, the DELOS Network for Digital Libraries launched the Cross-Language\\u000a Evaluation

Carol Peters

2005-01-01

48

The Harvest Information Discovery and Access System  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is increasingly difficult to make effective use of Internet information, given the rapid growth in data volume, user base, and data diversity. In this paper we introduce Harvest, a sys- tem that provides a scalable, customizable architecture for gathering, indexing, caching, replicat- ing, and accessing Internet information.

C. Mic Bowman; Peter B. Danzig; Darren R. Hardy; Udi Manber; Michael F. Schwartz

1995-01-01

49

Metaphors and Context-Aware Information Access  

Microsoft Academic Search

Metaphors are often used to provide the user with a mental model to ease the use of computers. An example of such a metaphor is the commonly used ''Desktop Metaphor''. Metaphors also can be used to ease context-aware information access for the users of mobile information systems. In this paper we present a taxonomy that allows the categorisation of such

Peter Coschurba; Joachim Baumann; Uwe Kubach; Alexander Leonhardi

2001-01-01

50

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Access" is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

51

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

52

New Technology, Information Access and Educational Outcomes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of the use of technology in Australian schools to improve information access and educational outcomes focuses on the impact on school library resource centers. Topics discussed include online information services; electronic bulletin boards; electronic mail via microcomputers; and optical storage media, including CD-ROM, hypermedia, and…

Clyde, Anne

1992-01-01

53

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

54

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 15.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service covering published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

55

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 21 .  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

56

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1,000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

57

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

58

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 21.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

ACCESS is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

59

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

60

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

61

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

62

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

ACCESS is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

63

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

64

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

ACCESS is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

65

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 22.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

66

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

67

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

68

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 20.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

ACCESS is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

69

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

70

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

71

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

72

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

73

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 19.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

ACCESS is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

74

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 17.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

75

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 18.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

ACCESS is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

76

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 11.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Access" is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

77

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 20.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

78

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

79

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 18.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

80

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service covering published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

81

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Access" is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

82

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 16.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service covering published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

83

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 19.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

84

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 17.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

ACCESS is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

85

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

86

15 CFR 784.1 - Complementary access: General information on the purpose of complementary access, affected...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 false Complementary access: General information on the purpose of complementary access, affected locations, and the role of...ADDITIONAL PROTOCOL REGULATIONS COMPLEMENTARY ACCESS § 784.1 Complementary access:...

2010-01-01

87

15 CFR 784.1 - Complementary access: General information on the purpose of complementary access, affected...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2009-01-01 false Complementary access: General information on the purpose of complementary access, affected locations, and the role of...ADDITIONAL PROTOCOL REGULATIONS COMPLEMENTARY ACCESS § 784.1 Complementary access:...

2009-01-01

88

Examining Language of Information Books for Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, inclusion of information books in early childhood centers is well-advised since children show fast developing knowledge of information book language and enjoy reading those books. The aim of the current study is to discuss features of information books' language by examining the illustrations and texts of randomly selected 15…

Inan, Hatice Zeynep

2010-01-01

89

Access America, Reengineering through Information Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the "Access America" report which was published in 1997 as a follow up to the National Performance Review, an assessment of federal government operations and procedures. Discusses future goals of the use of electronic services and information technology to improve government operations, systems integration, cost reduction, improved quality…

Dugan, Robert E.

1999-01-01

90

Research Investigation of Information Access Methods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the satisfaction of library users at Wayne State University who utilize alternative information access methods. The LibQUAL+[TM] desired and perceived that satisfaction ratings are used to determine the user's "superiority gap." By focusing limited library resources to address "superiority gap" issues identified by each…

Heinrichs, John H.; Sharkey, Thomas W.; Lim, Jeen-Su

2006-01-01

91

Information retrieval using a transportable natural language interface  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes work in progress to develop a facility for natural language access to a variety of computer databases and database systems. This facility, called IRUS for Information Retrieval using the RUS parsing system, allows users who are unfamiliar with the technical characteristics of the underlying database system to query databases using typed English input. This system can be

Madeleine Bates; Robert J. Bobrow

1983-01-01

92

32 CFR 310.17 - Individual access to personal information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 2009-07-01 false Individual access to personal information. 310.17 Section... PRIVACY PROGRAM DOD PRIVACY PROGRAM Access by Individuals § 310.17 Individual access to personal information. (a)...

2009-07-01

93

32 CFR 310.17 - Individual access to personal information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Individual access to personal information. 310.17 Section... PRIVACY PROGRAM DOD PRIVACY PROGRAM Access by Individuals § 310.17 Individual access to personal information. (a)...

2010-07-01

94

VINSIA: visual navigator for surgical information access.  

PubMed

Information access at the point of care presents a different set of requirements than those for traditional search engines. Critical care in remote (e.g., battle field) and rural settings not only requires access to clinical guidelines and medical libraries with surgical precision but also with minimal user effort and time. Our development of a graphical, anatomy-driven navigator called Visual Navigator for Surgical Information Access (VINSIA) fulfills the goal for providing evidence-based clinical decision support, specifically in perioperative and critical care settings, to allow rapid and precise information access through a portable stand-alone system. It comes with a set of unique characteristics: (a) a high precision, interactive visual interface driven by human anatomy; (b) direct linkage of anatomical structures to associated content such as clinical guidelines, literature, and medical libraries; and (c) an administrative content management interface allowing only an accredited, expert-level curator to edit and update the clinical content to ensure accuracy and currency. We believe that the deployment of VINSIA will improve quality, safety, and evidence-based standardization of patient care. PMID:23820348

Luo, Lingyun; Rowbottom, James; Craker, John; Xu, Rong; Zhang, Guo-Qiang

2013-07-01

95

Non-Markovianity through Accessible Information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The degree of non-Markovianity of quantum processes has been characterized in several different ways in the recent literature. However, the relationship between the non-Markovian behavior and the flow of information between the system and the environment through an entropic measure has not been yet established. We propose an entanglement-based measure of non-Markovianity by employing the concept of assisted knowledge, where the environment E, acquires information about a system S, by means of its measurement apparatus A. The assisted knowledge, based on the accessible information in terms of von Neumann entropy, monotonically increases in time for all Markovian quantum processes. We demonstrate that the signatures of non-Markovianity can be captured by the nonmonotonic behavior of the assisted knowledge. We explore this scenario for a two-level system undergoing a relaxation process, through an experimental implementation using an optical approach that allows full access to the state of the environment.

Fanchini, F. F.; Karpat, G.; ?akmak, B.; Castelano, L. K.; Aguilar, G. H.; Farías, O. Jiménez; Walborn, S. P.; Ribeiro, P. H. Souto; de Oliveira, M. C.

2014-05-01

96

21 CFR 1401.4 - Access to information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2014-04-01 false Access to information. 1401... OFFICE OF NATIONAL DRUG CONTROL POLICY PUBLIC AVAILABILITY OF INFORMATION § 1401.4 Access to information. The Office of National Drug Control Policy makes available...

2014-04-01

97

Cutting Off Access to Government Information: Loopholes in the Access to Information Act Generated by the Information Highway.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Canada, public access to federal government information is ruled by the Access to Information Act. This article explores loopholes in the Act, issues of data format and "tradeable" data (government information with substantial value), that could cause a conflict between its intent and effect. Tradeable data is troublesome because of shrinking…

Macaulay, Tyson

1997-01-01

98

Geography Network: Access a World of Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Geography Network is a global community of governmental and commercial data providers who are committed to making geographic content easily accessible. The site provides an extensive collection of maps, searchable by theme (shaded relief, streets, population, rivers, etc.) or geographic area (continents, countries, or U.S. states). It also offers access to a large collection of geographic data, intended for use with geographic information system (GIS) software tools. The Solutions section provides a platform for developers to build custom applications, using Geography Network content, including map services and tools. Solutions currently featured are driving directions and demographic mapping. The Community page offers a discussion forum as well as a map exchange, enabling users to find and share map images with one another.

99

Accessibility  

Cancer.gov

The NCI Center for Cancer Research (CCR) wants the information on this Web site to be accessible to all. If you use special adaptive equipment to access the Web and encounter problems when using our site, please let us know.

100

Natural Language Information Retrieval: Progress Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on the progress of the natural language information retrieval project, a joint effort led by GE (General Electric) Research, and its evaluation at the sixth TREC (Text Retrieval Conference). Discusses stream-based information retrieval, which uses alternative methods of document indexing; advanced linguistic streams; weighting; and query…

Perez-Carballo, Jose; Strzalkowski, Tomek

2000-01-01

101

Language Access and Theory of Mind Reasoning: Evidence from Deaf Children in Bilingual and Oralist Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This investigation examined whether access to sign language as a medium for instruction influences theory of mind (ToM) reasoning in deaf children with similar home language environments. Experiment 1 involved 97 deaf Italian children ages 4-12 years: 56 were from deaf families and had LIS (Italian Sign Language) as their native language, and 41…

Meristo, Marek; Falkman, Kerstin W.; Hjelmquist, Erland; Tedoldi, Mariantonia; Surian, Luca; Siegal, Michael

2007-01-01

102

Tight bounds on accessible information and informational power  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The accessible information quantifies the amount of classical information that can be extracted from an ensemble of quantum states. Analogously, the informational power quantifies the amount of classical information that can be extracted by a quantum measurement. For both quantities, we provide upper and lower bounds that depend only on the dimension of the system, and we prove their tightness. In the case of symmetric informationally complete (SIC) ensembles and measurements, stronger bounds are provided and their tightness proved for qubits and qutrits. From our upper bounds, we notice, perhaps surprisingly, that the statistics generated by SIC ensembles or measurements in arbitrary dimension, though optimal for tomographic purposes, in fact never contain more than just one bit of information, the rest being constituted by completely random bits. On the other hand, from our lower bounds, we obtain an explicit strategy beating the so-called pretty-good one for the extraction of mutual information in the case of SIC ensembles and measurements.

Dall'Arno, Michele; Buscemi, Francesco; Ozawa, Masanao

2014-06-01

103

75 FR 13751 - Office of English Language Acquisition; Overview Information; Language Enhancement, and Academic...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Office of English Language Acquisition; Overview Information; Language Enhancement, and Academic Achievement for Limited English Proficient Students; Foreign Language Assistance Program--State...

2010-03-23

104

Lexical Access in Catalan Signed Language (LSC) Production  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper investigates whether the semantic and phonological levels in speech production are specific to spoken languages or universal across modalities. We examined semantic and phonological effects during Catalan Signed Language (LSC: Llengua de Signes Catalana) production using an adaptation of the picture-word interference task: native and…

Baus, Cristina; Gutierrez-Sigut, Eva; Quer, Josep; Carreiras, Manuel

2008-01-01

105

Innovation in Language Support: The Provision of Technology in Self-Access  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Self-access centres are sometimes portrayed as being at the forefront of pedagogical innovation. They are also said to be technology-rich language learning environments. In practice, however, the application of technology in a self-access environment has proven to be a challenge. This article focuses on 10 self-access centres that were found to be…

Reinders, Hayo; Lazaro, Noemi

2007-01-01

106

Public Access to Congressional Information: The Potential and Pitfalls of Technology Enhanced Access,  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The emerging availability of new information technologies challenges the Congress to develop a consistent and fair method of distributing Congressional information in electronic formats. Public access to congressional information is critical to the abilit...

S. Frantzich

1987-01-01

107

Computers in the Teaching of English as a Foreign Language: Access to the Diversity of Textual Genres and Language Skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the area of language teaching both language skills and textual genres can be worked with simultaneously (thus responding\\u000a to the Brazilian Curricular Parameters and to the trends in contemporary education, which emphasize contextualized teaching) by means of computers. Computers can\\u000a make the teaching process dynamic and rich, since they enable the access to the foreign language through virtual environments,

Roberto-márcio Dos Santos; Jerônimo Coura Sobrinho

2009-01-01

108

Species Access Canada: Access to Specimen and Observation Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site provides information on Canadian species and contacts for finding species data. The information is categorized by: Aquatic Invertebrates; Birds (Aves); Butterflies (Lepidoptera); Fish (Agnatha, Chondrichthyes, Osteichthyes); Molluscs (Mollusca); Mosquitoes; Plants (Plantae); and Reptiles and Amphibians (Reptilia and Amphibia). The specimens can be searched by listing the number of records by taxon or number of records by collector/observer; or searching by taxonomic name, collector, or geographic area.

109

Language-Based Information-Flow Security  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current standard security practices do not pro- vide substantial assurance that the end-to-end behavior of a computing system satisfies important security policies such as confidentiality. An end-to-end confidentiality policy might assert that secret input data cannot be inferred by an attacker through the attacker's observations of system output; this policy regulates information flow. Conventional security mechanisms such as access control

Andrei Sabelfeld; Andrew C. Myers

2002-01-01

110

User-Centered Indexing for Adaptive Information Access  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We are focusing on information access tasks characterized by large volume of hypermedia connected technical documents, a need for rapid and effective access to familiar information, and long-term interaction with evolving information. The problem for technical users is to build and maintain a personalized task-oriented model of the information to quickly access relevant information. We propose a solution which provides user-centered adaptive information retrieval and navigation. This solution supports users in customizing information access over time. It is complementary to information discovery methods which provide access to new information, since it lets users customize future access to previously found information. It relies on a technique, called Adaptive Relevance Network, which creates and maintains a complex indexing structure to represent personal user's information access maps organized by concepts. This technique is integrated within the Adaptive HyperMan system, which helps NASA Space Shuttle flight controllers organize and access large amount of information. It allows users to select and mark any part of a document as interesting, and to index that part with user-defined concepts. Users can then do subsequent retrieval of marked portions of documents. This functionality allows users to define and access personal collections of information, which are dynamically computed. The system also supports collaborative review by letting users share group access maps. The adaptive relevance network provides long-term adaptation based both on usage and on explicit user input. The indexing structure is dynamic and evolves over time. Leading and generalization support flexible retrieval of information under similar concepts. The network is geared towards more recent information access, and automatically manages its size in order to maintain rapid access when scaling up to large hypermedia space. We present results of simulated learning experiments.

Chen, James R.; Mathe, Nathalie

1996-01-01

111

Rethinking Communicative Language Teaching: A Focus on Access to Fluency  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although most teachers claim to practise communicative language teaching (CLT), many do not genuinely do so. In this paper, we examine some of the reasons for teachers' resistance to CLT use. We provide a theoretical analysis that focuses on one of the greatest challenges facing CLT methodology - how to promote automatic fluency within this framework. We meet this challenge

Elizabeth Gatbonton; Norman Segalowitz

2005-01-01

112

Rethinking Communicative Language Teaching: A Focus on Access to Fluency  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although most teachers claim to practise communicative language teaching (CLT), many do not genuinely do so. In this paper, we examine some of the reasons for teachers' resistance to CLT use. We provide a theoretical analysis that focuses on one of the greatest challenges facing CLT methodology-how to promote automatic fluency within this…

Gatbonton, Elizabeth; Segalowitz, Norman

2005-01-01

113

Enhancing Subject Access to OPACs: Controlled Vocabulary vs. Natural Language.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigation of retrieval performance of controlled vocabulary derived from natural language terms in tables of contents and book indexes assumed that controlled vocabulary representative of users' queries should adequately represent documents' contents. Queries were indexed using Library of Congress Subject Headings (LSCH), Dewey Decimal…

Cousins, Shirley Anne

1992-01-01

114

Literacy, Access, and Libraries among the Language Minority Population.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers on linguistic minorities and library use include: (1) "Why Consider the Library and Books?" (Stephen Krashen); (2) "Supporting Spanish Language Literacy: Latino Children and School and Community Libraries" (Sandra Pucci); (3) "'I Did Not Know You Could Get Such Things There!': Secondary ESL Students' Understanding, Use and Beliefs…

Constantino, Rebecca, Ed.

115

Medical Query Language: Improved Access to MUMPS Databases  

PubMed Central

The Medical Query Language (MQL) is a tool which enables medical staff, administrators, and system managers to generate ANSI Standard MUMPS programs to add flexibility to an existing database management system. This paper describes the features of MQL as it is used by a number of diverse sites for report generation, ad-hoc searches, and quality assurance checks.

Webster, Sally; Morgan, Mary; Barnett, G. Octo

1987-01-01

116

GAO (General Accounting Office) Audits: Access to Tax Information.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Provides basic information about GAO's access to and use of tax returns and return-related information, both domestic and foreign, during our audits. The information in the document should assure treaty partners that GAO will protect the confidentiality o...

1986-01-01

117

Searching the Web: general and scientific information access  

Microsoft Academic Search

The World Wide Web has revolutionized the way people access information, and has opened up new possibilities in areas such as digital libraries, general and scientific information dissemination and retrieval, education, commerce, entertainment, government and health care. There are many avenues for improvement of the Web; for example, in the areas of locating and organizing information. Current techniques for access

Steve Lawrence; C. Lee Giles

1999-01-01

118

Open Access and Civic Scientific Information Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: We examine how residents and citizens of The Netherlands perceive open access to acquire preliminary insight into the role it might play in cultivating civic scientific literacy. Open access refers to scientific or scholarly research literature available on the Web to scholars and the general public in free online journals and…

Zuccala, Alesia

2010-01-01

119

Clear It Up: Plain Language in Government Health Information  

MedlinePLUS

... Clear It Up: Plain Language in Government Health Information What is plain language? It is communication that ... you've done to clear it up! More Information Federal Plain Language Health Literacy Contact CDC's Office ...

120

Language-Based Access to Large Sensor Repositories  

PubMed Central

Sensor data have broadened their scope recently, ranging now from the simple time series measurements to, e.g., hyperspectral satellite image maps timeseries. In addition to observed data, simulation data increasingly have to be merged, for example 4-D ocean and atmospheric data. The majority of these data fall into the category of multi-dimensional rasters. However, when it comes to flexible retrieval, including sensor data search, aggregation, analysis, fusion, etc., standard query language support in the past has not kept up with the service level of, e.g., metadata retrieval. To close this gap, the Open GeoSpatial Consortium (OGC) has issued the Web Coverage Processing Service (WCPS) Standard in December 2008. WCPS defines a request language for multi-dimensional raster data, suitable for specifying navigation, download, and analysis of sensor, image, and statistics data. This contribution emphasises sensor data modeling and the perspectives for an integrated, cross-dimensional sensor data retrieval. Further, the WCPS reference implementation is briefly discussed.

Baumann, Peter

2009-01-01

121

Making Online Information Accessible to Students with Disabilities, Part II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on the major HTML coding techniques used when making Web pages and online courses accessible to students with disabilities. Examples of accessibility features provided are not difficult for most Web authors to incorporate into their Web pages. With a few adaptations, Web page developers can make online information accessible to students…

Robertson, Janna Siegel; Harris, James Wallace

2003-01-01

122

“Progress towards an accessible computing information sharing data base”  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is believed that the sharing between Computing Centers can be facilitated by an accessible computing information about sharing data base. Ideas, manpower, problem solutions, instructional material, documentation plus software products and hardware cycles can all be shared. Efforts are underway at Stanford to create the accessible data base that will enlarge sharing opportunities for all participating centers. Accessibility of

Lyle B. Smith

1975-01-01

123

From Interface To Content: Translingual Access And Delivery Of On-Line Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes our initial implementation of a systemto provide world-wide weather information over thetelephone. The information is gathered from several differentsites on the Web, preprocessed, and cached locallyinto a relational database to make access both fast andselective. Our natural language tools, originally developedfor processing user queries, are used here for understandingcontent, and for subsequently translating it intolanguages other than

Victor Zue; Stephanie Seneff; James Glass; Lee Hetherington; Edward Hurley; Helen Meng; Christine Pao; Joseph Polifroni; Rafael Schloming; Philipp Schmid

1996-01-01

124

Meaning first: A case for language-independent access to word meaning in the bilingual brain  

PubMed Central

This study aimed to determine how deeply a word is processed in the bilingual brain before the word’s language membership plays a role in lexical selection. In two ERP experiments, balanced Spanish-English bilinguals read lists of words and pseudowords in Spanish and English, and performed in each language 1) a language-specific lexical decision task, e.g., respond to real words in Spanish, and 2) a language-specific category decision tasks, e.g., respond to Spanish words that refer to a person. In Experiment 1, infrequent words elicited larger negativity between 350–650 msec post-stimulus onset for both target and non-target languages. This indicates that language membership did not block lexical access of non-target words, contrary to previous findings. In Experiment 2, we measured the onset of the target-category P300 as a way of determining if words from the non-target language were temporarily treated as targets. When Spanish was the target language, the ERP waveforms diverged early based on semantic category (people versus non-people), indicating that non-target ‘English people’ words were briefly treated as potential targets. This finding indicates that meaning was accessed prior to using language membership for lexical selection. However, when English was the target language, the waveforms diverged first based on language (Spanish versus English) then semantic category. We argue that the order in which meaning or language membership are accessed may be based on the frequency of use of a bilingual’s languages: the more frequently a language is used (English was more frequently used herein), the faster the words are identified as members of the language, and the greater interference it causes when it is not the target language. In brief, these findings make the case for a moment in processing when language membership matters less than meaning.

Ng, Shukhan; Wicha, Nicole Y. Y.

2013-01-01

125

Evaluation of Web Accessibility of Consumer Health Information Websites  

PubMed Central

The objectives of the study are to construct a comprehensive framework for web accessibility evaluation, to evaluate the current status of web accessibility of consumer health information websites and to investigate the relationship between web accessibility and property of the websites. We selected 108 consumer health information websites from the directory service of a Web search engine. We used Web accessibility specifications to construct a framework for the measurement of Web Accessibility Barriers (WAB) of website. We found that none of the websites is completely accessible to people with disabilities, but governmental and educational health information websites exhibit better performance on web accessibility than other categories of websites. We also found that the correlation between the WAB score and the popularity of a website is statistically significant.

Zeng, Xiaoming; Parmanto, Bambang

2003-01-01

126

Access to Environmental Data via NRL's Geospatial Information Database.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Naval Research Laboratory's (NRL) Geospatial Information Database (GIDB) Portal System is a standards-based portal for geospatial information discovery, access and mapping over the Internet. The system has proven to be a powerful tool for gathering he...

M. Harris K. Shaw F. McCreedy R. Ladner R. Wilson

2003-01-01

127

GAO (General Accounting Office) Audits: Access to Tax Information.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

To conduct some audits, such as those involving IRS' international tax activities, GAO needs access to information provided by foreign governments to IRS under the exchange-of-information provisions of tax treaties. All tax treaties ratified since 1981 by...

1986-01-01

128

The Baltic Republics and Language Ideological Debates Surrounding European Union Accession  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the impact of European Union accession negotiations on language ideological debates regarding minority (language) and citizenship rights in the Baltic Republics. It explores issues pertaining to the transferability of standards developed for established democracies in the West to the situation of democratising countries in…

Hogan-Brun, Gabrielle

2005-01-01

129

Accessing and Sharing Data Using the CUAHSI Hydrologic Information System  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Consortium of Universities for the Advancement of Hydrologic Science, Inc (CUAHSI) has a Hydrologic Information System (HIS) project, which is developing infrastructure to support the sharing of hydrologic data through web services and tools for data discovery, access and publication. Centralized data services support access to National Datasets such as the USGS National Water Information System (NWIS) and SNOTEL,

D. G. Tarboton; J. S. Horsburgh; T. L. Whiteaker; D. R. Maidment; I. Zaslavsky

2008-01-01

130

AQUARIUM SONIFICATION: SOUNDSCAPES FOR ACCESSIBLE DYNAMIC INFORMAL LEARNING ENVIRONMENTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Museums, science centers, zoos and aquaria are faced with educating and entertaining an increasingly diverse visitor population with varying physical and sensory needs. There are very few guidelines to help these facilities develop non-visual exhibit information, especially for dynamic exhibits. In an effort to make such informal learning environments (ILEs) more accessible to visually impaired visitors, the Georgia Tech Accessible

Bruce N. Walker; Mark T. Godfrey; Jason E. Orlosky; Carrie Bruce; Jon Sanford

2006-01-01

131

Providing Access to Electronic Information Resources in Further Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article aims to provide a baseline for future studies on the provision and support for the use of digital or electronic information services (EIS) in further education. The analysis presented is based on a multi-level model of access, which encompasses access to and availability of information and communication technology (ICT) resources,…

Banwell, Linda; Ray, Kathryn; Coulson, Graham; Urquhart, Christine; Lonsdale, Ray; Armstrong, Chris; Thomas, Rhian; Spink, Sin; Yeoman, Alison; Fenton, Roger; Rowley, Jennifer

2004-01-01

132

Mining Textual Data to Boost Information Access in OSINT  

Microsoft Academic Search

The revolution in information technology is making open sources more accessible, ubiquitous, and valuable. The International Intelligence Communities have seen open sources grow increasingly easier and cheaper to acquire in recent years. Up to 80% of electronic data is textual and most valuable information is often encoded in pages which are neither structured, nor classified. The process of accessing all

Federico Neri; Paolo Geraci

2009-01-01

133

Crosslingual Access of Textual Information using Camera Phones  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we describe a prototype system that recognizes text in images, captured by camera phones and provide access to the content in a different language. Two Indian languages - Hindi and Tamil are used to demonstrate such a system. The prototype system is built using off-the-shelf components, and in house developed algorithms. The acquired image is first transferred

L. Jagannathan; C. V. Jawahar

134

Language nonselective access to phonological representations: evidence from Chinese-English bilinguals.  

PubMed

Four experiments with Chinese-English bilinguals were conducted in order to investigate the hypothesis of language nonselective access to an integrated lexicon for bilingual phonological representations. Results of a naming task (in Experiments 1 and 2) and a lexical decision task (in Experiments 3 and 4) showed homophone priming effects regardless of priming direction (English to Chinese, or Chinese to English) or English proficiency. Our findings are compatible with the BIA+ model of bilingual processing, provide further support for the hypothesis of language nonselective access to an integrated lexicon for bilingual phonological representations, and extend the hypothesis to language pairs with very different writing systems. PMID:20486019

Zhou, Huixia; Chen, Baoguo; Yang, Meiying; Dunlap, Susan

2010-10-01

135

Disclosure of Information about English Proficiency: Preservice Teachers' Presumptions about English Language Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this analog study was to determine if increased access to information about a hypothetical English Language Learner (ELL) students' language proficiency increased preservice teachers' recognition that limited English proficiency is the likely cause of student difficulties. We find that the provision of increasing levels of…

Cheatham, Gregory A.; Jimenez-Silva, Margarita; Wodrich, David L.; Kasai, Masahiro

2014-01-01

136

Explaining accesses to electronic medical records using diagnosis information  

PubMed Central

Objective Ensuring the security and appropriate use of patient health information contained within electronic medical records systems is challenging. Observing these difficulties, we present an addition to the explanation-based auditing system (EBAS) that attempts to determine the clinical or operational reason why accesses occur to medical records based on patient diagnosis information. Accesses that can be explained with a reason are filtered so that the compliance officer has fewer suspicious accesses to review manually. Methods Our hypothesis is that specific hospital employees are responsible for treating a given diagnosis. For example, Dr Carl accessed Alice's medical record because Hem/Onc employees are responsible for chemotherapy patients. We present metrics to determine which employees are responsible for a diagnosis and quantify their confidence. The auditing system attempts to use this responsibility information to determine the reason why an access occurred. We evaluate the auditing system's classification quality using data from the University of Michigan Health System. Results The EBAS correctly determines which departments are responsible for a given diagnosis. Adding this responsibility information to the EBAS increases the number of first accesses explained by a factor of two over previous work and explains over 94% of all accesses with high precision. Conclusions The EBAS serves as a complementary security tool for personal health information. It filters a majority of accesses such that it is more feasible for a compliance officer to review the remaining suspicious accesses manually.

Fabbri, Daniel; LeFevre, Kristen

2013-01-01

137

Integration of language and sensor information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The talk describes the development of basic technologies of intelligent systems fusing data from multiple domains and leading to automated computational techniques for understanding data contents. Understanding involves inferring appropriate decisions and recommending proper actions, which in turn requires fusion of data and knowledge about objects, situations, and actions. Data might include sensory data, verbal reports, intelligence intercepts, or public records, whereas knowledge ought to encompass the whole range of objects, situations, people and their behavior, and knowledge of languages. In the past, a fundamental difficulty in combining knowledge with data was the combinatorial complexity of computations, too many combinations of data and knowledge pieces had to be evaluated. Recent progress in understanding of natural intelligent systems, including the human mind, leads to the development of neurophysiologically motivated architectures for solving these challenging problems, in particular the role of emotional neural signals in overcoming combinatorial complexity of old logic-based approaches. Whereas past approaches based on logic tended to identify logic with language and thinking, recent studies in cognitive linguistics have led to appreciation of more complicated nature of linguistic models. Little is known about the details of the brain mechanisms integrating language and thinking. Understanding and fusion of linguistic information with sensory data represent a novel challenging aspect of the development of integrated fusion systems. The presentation will describe a non-combinatorial approach to this problem and outline techniques that can be used for fusing diverse and uncertain knowledge with sensory and linguistic data.

Perlovsky, Leonid I.; Weijers, Bertus

2003-04-01

138

Natural language processing and advanced information management  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Integrating diverse information sources and application software in a principled and general manner will require a very capable advanced information management (AIM) system. In particular, such a system will need a comprehensive addressing scheme to locate the material in its docuverse. It will also need a natural language processing (NLP) system of great sophistication. It seems that the NLP system must serve three functions. First, it provides an natural language interface (NLI) for the users. Second, it serves as the core component that understands and makes use of the real-world interpretations (RWIs) contained in the docuverse. Third, it enables the reasoning specialists (RSs) to arrive at conclusions that can be transformed into procedures that will satisfy the users' requests. The best candidate for an intelligent agent that can satisfactorily make use of RSs and transform documents (TDs) appears to be an object oriented data base (OODB). OODBs have, apparently, an inherent capacity to use the large numbers of RSs and TDs that will be required by an AIM system and an inherent capacity to use them in an effective way.

Hoard, James E.

1989-01-01

139

Information Structures in the Language of Science: Theory and Implementation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents the results of an investigation into the relation between language structure and information, particularly as it appears in the language of science, and into whether the regularities observed in the language material can be used as th...

N. Sager L. Hirschman

1978-01-01

140

Language as Information and the World  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Language attracts everyone on earth. That is because we have and use language. Although there are some minority languages that have limited expressions such as the lack of writing systems in "Aynu itak" and "Shona" languages, they can effectively express their emotion and thought with their languages. In addition, every human being can acquire…

Koga, Kant

2010-01-01

141

Open access for the non-English-speaking world: overcoming the language barrier  

PubMed Central

This editorial highlights the problem of language barrier in scientific communication in spite of the recent success of Open Access Movement. Four options for English-language journals to overcome the language barrier are suggested: 1) abstracts in alternative languages provided by authors, 2) Wiki open translation, 3) international board of translator-editors, and 4) alternative language version of the journal. The Emerging Themes in Epidemiology announces that with immediate effect, it will accept translations of abstracts or full texts by authors as Additional files. Editorial note: In an effort towards overcoming the language barrier in scientific publication, ETE will accept translations of abstracts or the full text of published articles. Each translation should be submitted separately as an Additional File in PDF format. ETE will only peer review English-language versions. Therefore, translations will not be scrutinized in the review-process and the responsibility for accurate translation rests with the authors.

Fung, Isaac CH

2008-01-01

142

Accessible information in three pure mirror-symmetric qubit states  

SciTech Connect

We formulate an expression for the accessible information in mirror-symmetric ensembles of real qubit states. This expression is used to make a detailed study of optimum quantum measurements for extracting the accessible information in three-state, mirror-symmetric ensembles. Distinct measurement regimes are identified for these ensembles with optimal measurement strategies involving different numbers of measurement operators, similar to results found for minimum error discrimination. Our results generalize known results for the accessible information in two pure states and in the trine ensemble.

Frey, Michael R. [Dept. of Mathematics, Bucknell University, Lewisburg, Pennsylvania 17837 (United States)

2006-03-15

143

Science information systems: Archive, access, and retrieval  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The objective of this research is to develop technology for the automated characterization and interactive retrieval and visualization of very large, complex scientific data sets. Technologies will be developed for the following specific areas: (1) rapidly archiving data sets; (2) automatically characterizing and labeling data in near real-time; (3) providing users with the ability to browse contents of databases efficiently and effectively; (4) providing users with the ability to access and retrieve system independent data sets electronically; and (5) automatically alerting scientists to anomalies detected in data.

Campbell, William J.

1991-01-01

144

Access to F.D.A. Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prior to the enactment of the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), little of the data collected by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) was made public or could be obtained from the agency. Although the FDA files are now open, information is considered exempt from public disclosure when it involves regulatory procedures, program guidelines, work…

Sinovic, Dianna

145

Demonstrating Interoperability and Heterogeneous Resource Access: The Scientific Resource Access System (SRAS) and the Space Physics Data Markup Language (SPDML)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Answering complex science questions often means that a scientist must find and use a variety of scientific resources. These resources can include everything from static data in various formats to complex data assimilation models to format converters and analysis tools. We have developed a testbed that demonstrates an innovative approach to interoperability--integrating a prototype heterogeneous resource access system and a new, extensible space science data description language to provides easy, quick, and conceptual access to interdisciplinary science data. The Scientific Resource Access System (SRAS) prototypes novel concepts to create a loosely coupled architecture, making it possible to integrate heterogeneous resources, including other systems, into a single conceptual interface. The Space Physics Data Markup Language (SPDML) is a prototype system that provides a standard method of data querying that enables the development of an extensible standard for next generation multi-mission catalog searching capabilities (http://sd-www.jhuapl.edu/SPDML). Each system exists independently, but the two can interoperate--with even more capability to support interdisciplinary scientific enquiry.

Daley, R.; Weiss, M.; Morrison, D.; Immer, E.; Fortner, B.; Jen, J.; Hashemian, M.; Steele, J.

2004-12-01

146

Policy Issues in Computer Networks: Multi-Access Information Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As computer databases become more publicly accessible through public networks, there is a growing need to provide effective protection for proprietary information. Without adequate assurances that their works will be protected, authors and other copyright owners may be reluctant to allow the full text of their works to be accessed through computer…

Lyons, Patrice A.

147

Access to the Astrophysics Science Information and Abstract System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Astrophysics Science Information and Abstract System (ASIAS) is sponsored by NASA to make astronomical data and literature references available to the astronomical community. It provides access to abstracts, full article images in bitmapped form, and catalog and archive data through the World Wide Web. These services are accessible through the ADS Data Services page at http://adswww.harvard.edu/ads_services.html.

Eichhorn, G.; Accomazzi, A.; Grant, C. S.; Kurtz, M. J.; Murray, S. S.

148

Impact from US Government Printing on Public Access to Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Overview of public access to government publications in terms of policy set by Reagan administration and Congress highlights Government Printing Office sales program, Freedom of Information Act, and Title 44 "United States Code" revision. Research on government publication access in depository collections and selected policy issues is appended.…

Hernon, Peter; McClure, Charles R.

1984-01-01

149

NLP Meets the Jabberwocky: Natural Language Processing in Information Retrieval.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on natural language processing (NLP) in information retrieval. Defines the seven levels at which people extract meaning from text/spoken language. Discusses the stages of information processing; how an information retrieval system works; advantages to adding full NLP to information retrieval systems; and common problems with information

Feldman, Susan

1999-01-01

150

Scene Recognition with Camera Phones for Tourist Information Access  

Microsoft Academic Search

Camera phones present new opportunities and challenges for mobile information association and retrieval. The visual input in the real environment is a new and rich interaction modality between a mobile user and vast information base connected to a user's device via rapidly advancing communication infras- tructure. We have developed a system for tourist information access to provide scene description based

Joo-hwee Lim; Yiqun Li; Yilun You; Jean-pierre Chevallet

2007-01-01

151

Issues of Access in the New Information Age.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper suggests that library and information systems provide access to claims to knowledge rather than to knowledge or information and that such claims to knowledge are in fact claims to truth. The stated purpose of the paper is to explain why the library and information community should adhere to at least soft, if not hard, skepticism with…

Bergen, Dan

152

Access to Government Information in a Digital Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses factors that scholars, teachers, and students need to understand in order to take advantage of electronic and online availability of government information and data, including technical issues and right to access. (EV)

Hernon, Peter; Relyea, Harold C.; Dugan, Robert E.

2002-01-01

153

45 CFR 1326.17 - Access to information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION ON AGING, OLDER AMERICANS PROGRAMS GRANTS TO INDIAN TRIBES FOR SUPPORT AND NUTRITION SERVICES § 1326.17 Access to information. A tribal organization shall: (a) Establish or have a list of...

2013-10-01

154

Access Control Systems. Technical Information for NRC Licensees.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report provides technical details applicable to access control methods and technologies commonly used to protect facilities licensed by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. It contains information on the application, use, function, installation, m...

2011-01-01

155

76 FR 76640 - Telecommunications Act Accessibility Guidelines; Electronic and Information Technology...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Guidelines; Electronic and Information Technology Accessibility Standards...standards for electronic and information technology, which apply to federal...Section 508) Electronic and Information Technology Accessibility...

2011-12-08

156

76 FR 77738 - Telecommunications Act Accessibility Guidelines; Electronic and Information Technology...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Guidelines; Electronic and Information Technology Accessibility Standards...Guidelines and its Electronic and Information Technology Accessibility Standards...standards for electronic and information technology covered by Section 508...

2011-12-14

157

45 CFR 164.524 - Access of individuals to protected health information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...information. (a) Standard: Access to protected health information â(1) Right...iii) An individual's access to protected health information created or obtained...iv) An individual's access to protected health information that is...

2010-10-01

158

45 CFR 164.524 - Access of individuals to protected health information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...information. (a) Standard: Access to protected health information â(1) Right...iii) An individual's access to protected health information created or obtained...iv) An individual's access to protected health information that is...

2009-10-01

159

Beyond Access: Informed Participation and Empowerment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is based on the fundamental claim that one of the major roles of new media is not to deliver predigested information to individuals, but to provide the opportunity and resources for social debate and discussion. For most design problems (ranging from urban design to graphics design and software design) that we have studied over many years, the knowledge

Ernesto Arias; Hal Eden; Gerhard Fischer; Andrew Gorman; Eric Scharff

1999-01-01

160

Revealing Shifts and Diversity in Understandings of Self Access Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study has traced the growth of a new facility intended to promote independent language study in a Japanese university. The study traces this Self Access Learning Center (SALC) from its inception through the first two years of its development. It has revealed how key qualitative insights from an archive of semi-structured interviews,…

Adamson, John L.; Brown, Howard G.; Fujimoto-Adamson, Naoki

2012-01-01

161

The Dominance of Language in the Curriculum: Issues of Access, Equity, and Opportunity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Authors Elliot Eisner, Ivan Illich, and Aldous Huxley take similar positions about language in education, professing that schools limit student access to an adequate range of learning opportunities, resulting in narrow definitions of literacy and education. Examines Eisner's attitude about curriculum balance, Illich's beliefs about tools for…

Nicholson, David W.

1999-01-01

162

Information Processing and Language Comprehension in Children with Specific Language Impairment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines several sub-constructs of information processing and their potential association with the poorer language comprehension of children with specific language impairments (SLI). It argues that some of the language comprehension problems of children with SLI are related to certain information processing inefficiencies. Techniques…

Montgomery, James W.

2002-01-01

163

On the language of information science  

Microsoft Academic Search

1. Lavoisier and The Nomenclature of Chemistry. As a science matures, the language used by its practitioners evolves. Hogben (1) describes the evolution of the language of several sciences. Of particular interest is his description of the evolution of the language of chemistry. The clarity of thinking in chemistry, and the progress in the field took a sharp upturn after

Donald R. Morrison

1975-01-01

164

ISAIA: Interoperable Systems for Archival Information Access  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The ISAIA project was originally proposed in 1999 as a successor to the informal AstroBrowse project. AstroBrowse, which provided a data location service for astronomical archives and catalogs, was a first step toward data system integration and interoperability. The goals of ISAIA were ambitious: '...To develop an interdisciplinary data location and integration service for space science. Building upon existing data services and communications protocols, this service will allow users to transparently query hundreds or thousands of WWW-based resources (catalogs, data, computational resources, bibliographic references, etc.) from a single interface. The service will collect responses from various resources and integrate them in a seamless fashion for display and manipulation by the user.' Funding was approved only for a one-year pilot study, a decision that in retrospect was wise given the rapid changes in information technology in the past few years and the emergence of the Virtual Observatory initiatives in the US and worldwide. Indeed, the ISAIA pilot study was influential in shaping the science goals, system design, metadata standards, and technology choices for the virtual observatory. The ISAIA pilot project also helped to cement working relationships among the NASA data centers, US ground-based observatories, and international data centers. The ISAIA project was formed as a collaborative effort between thirteen institutions that provided data to astronomers, space physicists, and planetary scientists. Among the fruits we ultimately hoped would come from this project would be a central site on the Web that any space scientist could use to efficiently locate existing data relevant to a particular scientific question. Furthermore, we hoped that the needed technology would be general enough to allow smaller, more-focused community within space science could use the same technologies and standards to provide more specialized services. A major challenge to searching for data across a broad community is that information that describe some data products are either not relevant to other data or not applicable in the same way. Some previous metadata standard development efforts (e.g., in the earth science and library communities) have produced standards that are very large and difficult to support. To address this problem, we studied how a standard may be divided into separable pieces. Data providers that wish to participate in interoperable searches can support only those parts of the standard that are relevant to them. We prototyped a top-level metadata standard that was small and applicable to all space science data.

Hanisch, Robert J.

2002-01-01

165

29 CFR 500.78 - Information in foreign language.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Information in foreign language. 500.78 Section 500.78 Labor... § 500.78 Information in foreign language. Each farm labor contractor...and reasonable, in Spanish or another language common to migrant or seasonal...

2013-07-01

166

Equal Access Initiative HIV/AIDS Information Resources from NLM  

SciTech Connect

The Equal Access Initiative: HIV/AIDS Information Resources from the National Library of Medicine training is designed specifically for the National Minority AIDS Council 2010 Equal Access Initiative (EAI) Computer Grants Program awardees to provide valuable health information resources from the National Library of Medicine and other reliable sources to increase awareness of the wealth of treatment information and educational materials that are available on the Internet and to improve prevention and treatment education for their clients. These resources will also meet the needs of community-based

Templin-Branner W. and N. Dancy

2010-09-11

167

Open Access: A User Information System. Professional Paper Series, #6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on the need for information systems that provide faculty, staff, and students with open access to all necessary information resources, this paper begins by discussing the issues involved in developing such systems. A review of the traditional environment looks at the traditional centralized resources versus the current trend toward…

Gleason, Bernard W.

168

The End of Access? The Government's New Information Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines examples of "information lockdown" by the federal government, including Executive Order 13233 issued by President George W. Bush. Considers the underlying rationale for the lockdown, its policy implications for academics and others who seek regular access to public-sector information, and its threat to democratic society. Includes a…

Connors, Thomas James

2002-01-01

169

Distance Learning: Information Access and Services for Virtual Users.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume centers broadly on information support services for distance education. The articles in this book can be categorized into two areas: access to information resources for distance learners, and studies of distance learning programs. Contents include: "The Challenges and Benefits of Asynchronous Learning Networks" (Daphne Jorgensen);…

Iyer, Hemalata, Ed.

170

Recommendations concerning energy information model documentation, public access, and evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

A review is presented of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) response to Congressional and management concerns, relating specifically to energy information system documentation, public access to EIA systems, and scientific\\/peer evaluation. The relevant organizational and policy responses of EIA are discussed. An analysis of the model development process and approaches to, and organization of, model evaluation is presented. Included is

D. O. Wood; M. J. Mason

1979-01-01

171

The Order of Things: Activity-Centred Information Access  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focuses on the representation and access of Web-based information, and how to make such a representation adapt to the activities or interests of individuals within a community of users. The heterogeneous mix of information on the Web restricts the coverage of traditional indexing techniques and so limits the power of search engines. In contrast to traditional methods, and

Matthew Chalmers; Kerry Rodden; Dominique Brodbeck

1998-01-01

172

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Numbers 15 and 16.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Access" is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

173

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Numbers 13 and 14.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

ACCESS is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

174

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Numbers 11 and 12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

175

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Numbers 13 and 14.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

176

48 CFR 352.239-73 - Electronic information and technology accessibility.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Electronic information and technology accessibility. 352.239-73 Section...239-73 Electronic information and technology accessibility. (a) As prescribed...provision: Electronic and Information Technology Accessibility (January...

2012-10-01

177

48 CFR 352.239-73 - Electronic information and technology accessibility.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Electronic information and technology accessibility. 352.239-73 Section...239-73 Electronic information and technology accessibility. (a) As prescribed...provision: Electronic and Information Technology Accessibility (January...

2011-10-01

178

32 CFR 154.18 - Certain positions not necessarily requiring access to classified information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...involving access to classified information...areas when access to classified information is not...completed within the past 5 years unless there...requiring access to classified information. Foreign...complete investigative files and material...

2009-07-01

179

32 CFR 154.18 - Certain positions not necessarily requiring access to classified information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...involving access to classified information...areas when access to classified information is not...completed within the past 5 years unless there...requiring access to classified information. Foreign...complete investigative files and material...

2010-07-01

180

Language access and theory of mind reasoning: evidence from deaf children in bilingual and oralist environments.  

PubMed

This investigation examined whether access to sign language as a medium for instruction influences theory of mind (ToM) reasoning in deaf children with similar home language environments. Experiment 1 involved 97 deaf Italian children ages 4-12 years: 56 were from deaf families and had LIS (Italian Sign Language) as their native language, and 41 had acquired LIS as late signers following contact with signers outside their hearing families. Children receiving bimodal/bilingual instruction in LIS together with Sign-Supported and spoken Italian significantly outperformed children in oralist schools in which communication was in Italian and often relied on lipreading. Experiment 2 involved 61 deaf children in Estonia and Sweden ages 6-16 years. On a wide variety of ToM tasks, bilingually instructed native signers in Estonian Sign Language and spoken Estonian succeeded at a level similar to age-matched hearing children. They outperformed bilingually instructed late signers and native signers attending oralist schools. Particularly for native signers, access to sign language in a bilingual environment may facilitate conversational exchanges that promote the expression of ToM by enabling children to monitor others' mental states effectively. PMID:17723042

Meristo, Marek; Falkman, Kerstin W; Hjelmquist, Erland; Tedoldi, Mariantonia; Surian, Luca; Siegal, Michael

2007-09-01

181

Scientific Coolections: Informational - Navigational Portal for Scientific Publications Access.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At present there is the tendency of uniting efforts of scientific establishments and libraries for using information - communication medium with the purpose of information support of research and pedagogical activity in Moldova. The efficient access to the scientific and technical literature and, first of all, to the new publications, is necessary practically for all scientists and experts irrespective of a field of knowledge, in which they work. Research institutions, knowing how to receive access to the electron information and to use it intellectually, realize that it effects positively the quality and outcomes of the research process. It is obvious, that to ensure maximum utilization of the new information stream by habitual methods is impossible. New non-traditional approaches are necessary for the increase of the level of information provision of scientists and experts. Creation of electron libraries, realizing qualitatively other level of production, storage, organization and distribution of various information is the most effective way to gin this object. The access to the electron versions of scientific journals allows to reduce the acuteness of shortage of scientific literature, the electron information becomes accessible before the publication of paper version of a journal, and taking into account the delivery time of foreign issues into Moldova, this outstripping can reach several months.

Bogatencov, Petru; Kozlenco, Ludmila; Ginculova, Silvia; Keradi, Natalia

182

Multilingual Information Retrieval with Asian Languages  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been increasing interest in the Chinese, Japanese and Korean languages on the Web and the first objective of this paper is to compare the retrieval performances of nine vector-space and two probabilistic models when carrying out a monolingual search using these three Asian languages. Based on the latest NTCIR-3 test collection, our second goal is to analyze the

Jacques Savoy

2004-01-01

183

Retention of Second Language Students. Information Capsule.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document addresses the retention of second language students at Miami-Dade Community College in October 2002. Overall, retention of second language students has improved since the previous year. It should be noted that despite the increase in retention, fewer students are passing all of their lower level EAP courses. The report contains…

Morris, Cathy

184

Losing access to the native language while immersed in a second language: evidence for the role of inhibition in second-language learning.  

PubMed

Adults are notoriously poor second-language (L2) learners. A context that enables successful L2 acquisition is language immersion. In this study, we investigated the effects of immersion learning for a group of university students studying abroad in Spain. Our interest was in the effect of immersion on the native language (L1), English. We tested the hypothesis that immersion benefits L2 learning as a result of attenuated influence of the L1. Participants were English-speaking learners of Spanish who were either immersed in Spanish while living in Spain or exposed to Spanish in the classroom only. Performance on both comprehension and production tasks showed that immersed learners outperformed their classroom counterparts with respect to L2 proficiency. However, the results also revealed that immersed learners had reduced L1 access. The pattern of data is most consistent with the interpretation that the L1 was inhibited while the learners were immersed. PMID:19906121

Linck, Jared A; Kroll, Judith F; Sunderman, Gretchen

2009-12-01

185

SIDECACHE: Information access, management and dissemination framework for web services  

PubMed Central

Background Many bioinformatics algorithms and data sets are deployed using web services so that the results can be explored via the Internet and easily integrated into other tools and services. These services often include data from other sites that is accessed either dynamically or through file downloads. Developers of these services face several problems because of the dynamic nature of the information from the upstream services. Many publicly available repositories of bioinformatics data frequently update their information. When such an update occurs, the developers of the downstream service may also need to update. For file downloads, this process is typically performed manually followed by web service restart. Requests for information obtained by dynamic access of upstream sources is sometimes subject to rate restrictions. Findings SideCache provides a framework for deploying web services that integrate information extracted from other databases and from web sources that are periodically updated. This situation occurs frequently in biotechnology where new information is being continuously generated and the latest information is important. SideCache provides several types of services including proxy access and rate control, local caching, and automatic web service updating. Conclusions We have used the SideCache framework to automate the deployment and updating of a number of bioinformatics web services and tools that extract information from remote primary sources such as NCBI, NCIBI, and Ensembl. The SideCache framework also has been used to share research results through the use of a SideCache derived web service.

2011-01-01

186

Accessing and Sharing Data Using the CUAHSI Hydrologic Information System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Consortium of Universities for the Advancement of Hydrologic Science, Inc (CUAHSI) has a Hydrologic Information System (HIS) project, which is developing infrastructure to support the sharing of hydrologic data through web services and tools for data discovery, access and publication. Centralized data services support access to National Datasets such as the USGS National Water Information System (NWIS) and SNOTEL, in a standard way. Distributed data services allow users to establish their own server and publish their data through CUAHSI HIS web services. Once such a data service is registered within HIS Central, it becomes searchable and accessible through the centralized discovery and data access tools. The HIS is founded upon an information model for observations at stationary points that supports its data services. This is implemented as both XML and relational database schema for transmission and storage of data respectively. WaterML is the XML based data transmission model that underlies the machine to machine communications, while the Observations Data Model (ODM) is a relational database model for persistent data storage. Web services support access to hydrologic data stored in ODM and transmitted using WaterML directly from applications software such as Excel, MATLAB and ArcGIS that have Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP) capability. A significant value of web services derives from the capability to use them from within a user's preferred analysis environment, rather than requiring a user to learn new software. This allows a user to work with data from national and academic sources, almost as though it was on their local disk. This poster will be computer-based with internet access for demonstration of HIS tools and functionality.

Tarboton, D. G.; Horsburgh, J. S.; Whiteaker, T. L.; Maidment, D. R.; Zaslavsky, I.

2008-12-01

187

Informal Language Learning Setting: Technology or Social Interaction?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on the informal language learning theory, language learning can occur outside the classroom setting unconsciously and incidentally through interaction with the native speakers or exposure to authentic language input through technology. However, an EFL context lacks the social interaction which naturally occurs in an ESL context. To explore…

Bahrani, Taher; Sim, Tam Shu

2012-01-01

188

Statistical transliteration for english-arabic cross language information retrieval  

Microsoft Academic Search

Out of vocabulary (OOV) words are problematic for cross language information retrieval. One way to deal with OOV words when the two languages have different alphabets, is to transliterate the unknown words, that is, to render them in the orthography of the second language. In the present study, we present a simple statistical technique to train an English to Arabic

Nasreen AbdulJaleel; Leah S. Larkey

2003-01-01

189

Coset Codes for Compound Multiple Access Channels With Common Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Code construction is considered for arbitrary dis- crete memoryless compound multiple access channels (MACs) with common information. This class of channels includes MACs with\\/without common messages or with partially cooperating encoders. A construction method of code ensembles based on coset codes is proposed for these channels. Assuming joint maximum likelihood decoding, the performance of the proposed code en- semble is

Hideki Yagi; H. Vincent Poor

2011-01-01

190

NCI Announces Awards to Increase Minority Access to Cancer Information  

Cancer.gov

The National Cancer Institute (NCI) this month announced multiple awards totaling close to $1 million to help develop research and programs to understand and eventually breach the Digital Divide that exists among many minority populations in accessing and utilizing cancer information on the Internet

191

Accessing Distant Premise Information: How Memory Feeds Reasoning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

According to current psychological models of deduction, people can draw inferences on the basis of information that they receive from different sources at different times. In 3 reading-comprehension experiments, the authors demonstrated that premises that appear far apart in a text (distant) are not accessed and are therefore not used as a basis…

Lea, R. Brooke; Mulligan, Elizabeth J.; Walton, Jennifer Lee

2005-01-01

192

Medical Portals: Web-based Access to Medical Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public portals, such as Web search engines, have been available for a number of years and corporate portals that facilitate access to enterprise information within a company, normally through the Web, have been available for the last few years. Such portals are made up of \\

Michael A. Shepherd; David Zitner; Carolyn R. Watters

2000-01-01

193

Improving information access with an emergency department system.  

PubMed Central

An emergency department (ED) clinical system was developed by in-house personnel, with ED physician, nursing, registration and clerical staff input. The utilization of existing hardware and customization of the hospital's mainframe hospital information system (HIS) facilitated the implementation of a cost-effective system that meets the information access needs of a busy, state-of-the-art academic ED. The transition to automation of the ED was facilitated through the use of a comprehensive training plan and change strategies.

Travers, D.; Parham, T.

1997-01-01

194

Privacy: Total Information Awareness Programs and Related Information Access, Collection, and Protection Laws.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes the Total Information Awareness (TIA) programs in the Defense Research Projects Agency (DARPA) of the Department of Defense, and related information access, collection, and protection laws. TIA is a new technology under development t...

G. M. Stevens

2003-01-01

195

78 FR 58264 - Servicemembers' Group Life Insurance and Veterans' Group Life Insurance Information Access  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Veterans' Group Life Insurance Information Access AGENCY: Department of Veterans Affairs...operation, also has the right to full access to records held by the insurer or on behalf...Veterans' Group Life Insurance Information Access.'' Copies of comments received...

2013-09-23

196

10 CFR 95.35 - Access to matter classified as National Security Information and Restricted Data.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2014-01-01 false Access to matter classified as National...INFORMATION AND RESTRICTED DATA Control of Information § 95.35 Access to matter classified as National...holder, or other person to have access to matter revealing...

2014-01-01

197

The Design of a Computer Language for Linguistic Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

A considerable body of accumulated knowledge about the design of languages for communicating information to computers has been derived from the subfields of programming language design and semantics. It has been the goal of the PATR group at SRI to utilize a relevant portion of this knowledge in implementing tools to facilitate communication of linguistic information to computers. The PATR-II

Stuart M. Shieber

1984-01-01

198

An Expressive and Efficient Language for XML Information Retrieval.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses XML and information retrieval and describes a query language, ELIXIR (expressive and efficient language for XML information retrieval), with a textual similarity operator that can be used for similarity joins. Explains the algorithm for answering ELIXIR queries to generate intermediate relational data. (Author/LRW)

Chinenyanga, Taurai Tapiwa; Kushmerick, Nicholas

2002-01-01

199

Multilingual Information Access: the MuST System and its Integration with Systran  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of the MuST [1] project is to develop a prototype system to facilitate not only retrieving documents from multilingual collections, but also to summarize and translate the retrieved document into the user's preferred language. We focus on the integration of state-of-the-art technologies, try to identify the critical path of enabling multilingual information access, and propose possible solutions. As

Chin-Yew Lin; Eduard Hovy

200

Literary and Informational Texts in Language Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Informational texts are useful for teaching fundamental linguistic structures, because their stylistic variables can be ignored, and because they provide information about aspects of the world which the student will encounter in literary texts. Literary texts speak directly to the reader, and have high motivational value. (IFS/WGA)

Littlewood, William T.

1976-01-01

201

Information Technologies: Access to Solutions for Sustainable Human Development  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The United Nations Development Program (UNDP) has recently launched Knowledge Broker, a Web portal that provides development experts, government agencies, and private organizations with centralized "access to knowledge, practical solutions, and best practices" for using information technologies to promote sustainable human development. Knowledge Broker interconnects three Websites: INFO21, the Sustainable Development Networking Programme (SDNP), and the HORIZON Communications Solutions Site. INFO21 functions as UNDP's online resource center for information on the relationship between sustainable human development and communications technologies. The SDNP, also a UNDP site, supports connectivity and information-sharing in developing countries. And the HORIZON site, a collaborative project produced by several development research centers, offers "readily accessible peer-reviewed answers to problems in environment, health, population, and development."

1999-01-01

202

Topology, Formal Languages and Quantum Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper provides a critical overview of the basic conceptual tools and algorithms of quantum information theory underlying\\u000a the construction of quantum invariants of links and 3-manifolds as well as of their connections with algorithms and algorithmic\\u000a complexity questions that arise in geometry and quantum gravity models.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Moreover, it argues that such quantum information manipulation tools may allow us to

Mario Rasetti

2010-01-01

203

Accessing Wind Tunnels From NASA's Information Power Grid  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Ames wind tunnel customers are one of the first users of the Information Power Grid (IPG) storage system at the NASA Advanced Supercomputing Division. We wanted to be able to store their data on the IPG so that it could be accessed remotely in a secure but timely fashion. In addition, incorporation into the IPG allows future use of grid computational resources, e.g., for post-processing of data, or to do side-by-side CFD validation. In this paper, we describe the integration of grid data access mechanisms with the existing DARWIN web-based system that is used to access wind tunnel test data. We also show that the combined system has reasonable performance: wind tunnel data may be retrieved at 50Mbits/s over a 100 base T network connected to the IPG storage server.

Becker, Jeff; Biegel, Bryan (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

204

Information "Publics" and Equitable Access to Electronic Government Information: The Case of Agriculture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that making agricultural information produced by the federal government in electronic formats available through private vendors may lead to inequitable access for its users and challenges the federal government's role in the dissemination of agricultural information. An information public for agricultural information is defined, and…

Shill, Harold B.

1992-01-01

205

Improving Access to Public Health Information: A Study of Information Needs in a State Health Department  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Public health challenges can be better addressed if credible information about health risks and effective public health practices is readily available. The need for improved access to evidence-based public health information has been recognized by public health practitioners, researchers, policy makers, and librarians.\\u000aObjective: To understand the information needs of the public health workforce and to improve access to

E. Hatheway Simpson; Nancy R. LaPelle; Elaine Russo Martin

2006-01-01

206

Public Information Materials for Language Minorities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fourteen programs that provide civil rights and criminal justice information to non-English speakers are described. The services provided by each program are summarized and a contact address is provided. The programs are located in Albany, New York; Chester County, Pennsylvania; Rockville, Maryland; Dade County, Florida; Lansing, Michigan; Laredo,…

National Criminal Justice Reference Service, Rockville, MD.

207

Enhancing Access to Drought Information Using the CUAHSI Hydrologic Information System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The National Drought Information System (NIDIS) Upper Colorado River Basin pilot study is investigating and establishing capabilities for better dissemination of drought information for early warning and management. As part of this study we are using and extending functionality from the Consortium of Universities for the Advancement of Hydrologic Science, Inc. (CUAHSI) Hydrologic Information System (HIS) to provide better access to drought-related data in the Upper Colorado River Basin. The CUAHSI HIS is a federated system for sharing hydrologic data. It is comprised of multiple data servers, referred to as HydroServers, that publish data in a standard XML format called Water Markup Language (WaterML), using web services referred to as WaterOneFlow web services. HydroServers can also publish geospatial data using Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) web map, feature and coverage services and are capable of hosting web and map applications that combine geospatial datasets with observational data served via web services. HIS also includes a centralized metadata catalog that indexes data from registered HydroServers and a data access client referred to as HydroDesktop. For NIDIS, we have established a HydroServer to publish drought index values as well as the input data used in drought index calculations. Primary input data required for drought index calculation include streamflow, precipitation, reservoir storages, snow water equivalent, and soil moisture. We have developed procedures to redistribute the input data to the time and space scales chosen for drought index calculation, namely half monthly time intervals for HUC 10 subwatersheds. The spatial redistribution approaches used for each input parameter are dependent on the spatial linkages for that parameter, i.e., the redistribution procedure for streamflow is dependent on the upstream/downstream connectivity of the stream network, and the precipitation redistribution procedure is dependent on elevation to account for orographic effects. A set of drought indices are then calculated from the redistributed data. We have created automated data and metadata harvesters that periodically scan and harvest new data from each of the input databases, and calculates extensions to the resulting derived data sets, ensuring that the data available on the drought server is kept up to date. This paper will describe this system, showing how it facilitates the integration of data from multiple sources to inform the planning and management of water resources during drought. The system may be accessed at http://drought.usu.edu.

Schreuders, K. A.; Tarboton, D. G.; Horsburgh, J. S.; Sen Gupta, A.; Reeder, S.

2011-12-01

208

FromTo-CLIR: Web-Based Natural Language Interface for Cross-Language Information Retrieval.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the implementation of FromTo-CLIR, a Web-based natural-language interface for cross-language information retrieval that was tested with Korean and Japanese. Proposes a method that uses a semantic category tree and collocation to resolve the ambiguity of query translation. (Author/LRW)

Kim, Taewan; Sim, Chul-Min; Yuh, Sanghwa; Jung, Hanmin; Kim, Young-Kil; Choi, Sung-Kwon; Park, Dong-In; Choi, Key Sun

1999-01-01

209

Toxicological information on chemicals published in the Russian language: Contribution to REACH and 3Rs.  

PubMed

This review is reporting on the current situation of publicly available toxicological and ecotoxicological information on chemicals published in Russian language in various libraries, databases as well as in the Internet. This information can be beneficial for the new EU chemical policy REACH and for the development of intelligent testing strategies (involving also QSAR and QAAR) that enable a significant increase in the use of non-testing information for regulatory decision making, thus minimizing the need for animal testing according to the 3R's strategy. Currently, the access to this information is limited due to the language barrier and low level of digitalization of respective journals and books. Fortunately, on-line translation services are overcoming language barriers already now. PMID:19433131

Sihtmäe, Mariliis; Dubourguier, Henri-Charles; Kahru, Anne

2009-07-28

210

Accessing Genetic Information with High-Density DNA Arrays  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rapid access to genetic information is central to the revolution taking place in molecular genetics. The simultaneous analysis of the entire human mitochondrial genome is described here. DNA arrays containing up to 135,000 probes complementary to the 16.6-kilobase human mitochondrial genome were generated by light-directed chemical synthesis. A two-color labeling scheme was developed that allows simultaneous comparison of a polymorphic

Mark Chee; Robert Yang; Earl Hubbell; Anthony Berno; Xiaohua C. Huang; David Stern; Jim Winkler; David J. Lockhart; Macdonald S. Morris; Stephen P. A. Fodor

1996-01-01

211

28 CFR 20.34 - Individual's right to access criminal history record information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Individual's right to access criminal history record information. 20.34 Section...Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.34 Individual's right to access criminal history record information. The...

2013-07-01

212

39 CFR 255.4 - Accessibility to electronic and information technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Accessibility to electronic and information technology. 255.4 Section 255.4 Postal...FACILITIES, AND ELECTRONIC AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY § 255.4 Accessibility to electronic and information technology. (a) In accordance with...

2012-07-01

213

39 CFR 255.4 - Accessibility to electronic and information technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Accessibility to electronic and information technology. 255.4 Section 255.4 Postal...FACILITIES, AND ELECTRONIC AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY § 255.4 Accessibility to electronic and information technology. (a) In accordance with...

2011-07-01

214

12 CFR 352.5 - Accessibility to electronic and information technology.  

...Accessibility to electronic and information technology. 352.5 Section 352.5 Banks...Accessibility to electronic and information technology. (a) In accordance with section...that the electronic and information technology the agency develops, procures,...

2014-01-01

215

16 CFR 6.152 - Program accessibility: Electronic and information technology.  

...accessibility: Electronic and information technology. 6.152 Section 6.152 Commercial...accessibility: Electronic and information technology. (a) When developing, procuring...or using electronic and information technology, the Commission shall ensure,...

2014-01-01

216

16 CFR 6.152 - Program accessibility: Electronic and information technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...accessibility: Electronic and information technology. 6.152 Section 6.152 Commercial...accessibility: Electronic and information technology. (a) When developing, procuring...or using electronic and information technology, the Commission shall ensure,...

2011-01-01

217

16 CFR 6.152 - Program accessibility: Electronic and information technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...accessibility: Electronic and information technology. 6.152 Section 6.152 Commercial...accessibility: Electronic and information technology. (a) When developing, procuring...or using electronic and information technology, the Commission shall ensure,...

2010-01-01

218

Selecting the Best Mobile Information Service with Natural Language User Input  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Information services accessed via mobile phones provide information directly relevant to subscribers’ daily lives and are an area of dynamic market growth worldwide. Although many information services are currently offered by mobile operators, many of the existing solutions require a unique gateway for each service, and it is inconvenient for users to have to remember a large number of such gateways. Furthermore, the Short Message Service (SMS) is very popular in China and Chinese users would prefer to access these services in natural language via SMS. This chapter describes a Natural Language Based Service Selection System (NL3S) for use with a large number of mobile information services. The system can accept user queries in natural language and navigate it to the required service. Since it is difficult for existing methods to achieve high accuracy and high coverage and anticipate which other services a user might want to query, the NL3S is developed based on a Multi-service Ontology (MO) and Multi-service Query Language (MQL). The MO and MQL provide semantic and linguistic knowledge, respectively, to facilitate service selection for a user query and to provide adaptive service recommendations. Experiments show that the NL3S can achieve 75-95% accuracies and 85-95% satisfactions for processing various styles of natural language queries. A trial involving navigation of 30 different mobile services shows that the NL3S can provide a viable commercial solution for mobile operators.

Feng, Qiangze; Qi, Hongwei; Fukushima, Toshikazu

219

Foreign Language Methods and an Information Processing Model of Memory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The major approaches to language teaching (audiolingual method, generative grammar, Community Language Learning and Silent Way) are investigated to discover whether or not they are compatible in structure with an information-processing model of memory (IPM). The model of memory used was described by Roberta Klatzky in "Human Memory: Structures and…

Willebrand, Julia

220

Prospects for Intelligent, Language-Based Information Retrieval.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Unlike conventional information retrieval systems, natural language processing (NLP) systems translate queries automatically into the language of the system. This paper discusses the potential impact of NLP on both the indexing and retrieval of text and examines some current NLP projects and systems that have established knowledge bases in narrow…

Smeaton, Alan F.

1991-01-01

221

ENHANCING ACCESS TO ANIMAL HEALTH INFORMATION: ROLE OF INFORMATION SPECIALISTS IN ZAMBIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is a product of a larger study conducted between 2002 and 2004 on the state of libraries and use of Information Communication Technology (ICT) in research and academic libraries in Zambia. It examines the role of information professionals in enhancing access to animal health information under prevailing conditions. Animal health is an integral aspect of the agricultural sector,

Muyoyeta Simui

222

36 CFR 1256.70 - What controls access to national security-classified information?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2009-07-01 false What controls access to national security-classified...DONATED HISTORICAL MATERIALS Access to Materials Containing National...Information § 1256.70 What controls access to national...

2009-07-01

223

36 CFR 1256.70 - What controls access to national security-classified information?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-07-01 false What controls access to national security-classified...DONATED HISTORICAL MATERIALS Access to Materials Containing National...Information § 1256.70 What controls access to national...

2010-07-01

224

36 CFR 1256.70 - What controls access to national security-classified information?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2011-07-01 false What controls access to national security-classified...DONATED HISTORICAL MATERIALS Access to Materials Containing National...Information § 1256.70 What controls access to national...

2011-07-01

225

36 CFR 1256.70 - What controls access to national security-classified information?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2012-07-01 false What controls access to national security-classified...DONATED HISTORICAL MATERIALS Access to Materials Containing National...Information § 1256.70 What controls access to national...

2012-07-01

226

Using Google Maps to Access USGS Volcano Hazards Information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Volcano Hazard Program (VHP) is revising the information architecture of our website to provide data within a geospatial context for emergency managers, educators, landowners in volcanic areas, researchers, and the general public. Using a map-based interface for displaying hazard information provides a synoptic view of volcanic activity along with the ability to quickly ascertain where hazards are in relation to major population and infrastructure centers. At the same time, the map interface provides a gateway for educators and the public to find information about volcanoes in their geographic context. A plethora of data visualization solutions are available that are flexible, customizable, and can be run on individual websites. We are currently using a Google map interface because it can be accessed immediately from a website (a downloadable viewer is not required), and it provides simple features for moving around and zooming within the large map area that encompasses U.S. volcanism. A text interface will also be available. The new VHP website will serve as a portal to information for each volcano the USGS monitors with icons for alert levels and aviation color codes. When a volcano is clicked, a window will provide additional information including links to maps, images, and real-time data, thereby connecting information from individual observatories, the Smithsonian Institution, and our partner universities. In addition to the VHP home page, many observatories and partners have detailed graphical interfaces to data and images that include the activity pages for the Alaska Volcano Observatory, the Smithsonian Google Earth files, and Yellowstone Volcano Observatory pictures and data. Users with varied requests such as raw data, scientific papers, images, or brief overviews expect to be able to quickly access information for their specialized needs. Over the next few years we will be gathering, cleansing, reorganizing, and posting data in multiple formats to meet these needs.

Venezky, D. Y.; Snedigar, S.; Guffanti, M.; Bailey, J. E.; Wall, B. G.

2006-12-01

227

Negotiating Power and Access to Second Language Resources: A Study on Short-Term Chinese MBA Students in America  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

By looking into a group of 13 Chinese master's in business administration students' study abroad experience in the United States, this study contends that being situated in the second language (L2) communicative context does not guarantee international students complete access to language and cultural resources in the host society. Due to limited…

Shi, Xingsong

2011-01-01

228

The Influence of Sentence Context and Accented Speech on Lexical Access in Second-Language Auditory Word Recognition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Until now, research on bilingual auditory word recognition has been scarce, and although most studies agree that lexical access is language-nonselective, there is less consensus with respect to the influence of potentially constraining factors. The present study investigated the influence of three possible constraints. We tested whether language

Lagrou, Evelyne; Harsuiker, Robert J.; Duyck, Wouter

2013-01-01

229

MEDJEZI?NO ISKANJE DOKUMENTOV CROSS-LANGUAGE INFORMATION RETRIEVAL  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article reviews the motivation behind the development of cross-language information retrieval (CLIR) - a relatively new area of information retrieval in multilingual textual databases, defines its objectives and position among the research disciplines which deal with various aspects of processing electronic texts. A short historical overview is followed by a description of the most important methodologies (document translation and

Jure Dimec

230

Access to Max '91 information via computer networks  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Various types of flare information, activity, active region reports, x ray plots and daily Campaign Action notices are now available on SPAN, and INTERNET. Although this system was developed for use by Max '91 participants during campaigns, it is updated daily and maintained at times outside of campaigns. Thus it is available for general use outside of campaigns. The Space Environment Laboratory maintains VAX and Apollo systems, both of which are on INTERNET. The VAX is also on the SPAN network as node SELVAX or 9555. Details of access to files on the VAX are given.

Kiplinger, Alan L.

1989-01-01

231

Evidence-Informed Leadership in the Japanese Context: Middle Managers at a University Self-Access Center  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reports on the steering of a self-access learning center in a Japanese university by its "middle management" committee over the first years of its operation. Middle management practice was informed by an ethnographic archive of various facets of center use, particularly concerning language policy and curriculum integration, issues about…

Adamson, John; Brown, Howard

2012-01-01

232

Evaluation of Oromo-English Cross-Language Information Retrieval  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on the first Oromo-English CLIR system that is based on dictionary-based query translation techniques. The basic objective of the study is to design and develop an Oromo- English CLIR system with a view to enable Afaan Oromo speakers to access and retrieve the vast on- line information sources that are available in En- glish by using their

Kula Kekeba Tune; Vasudeva Varma; Prasad Pingali

233

78 FR 51276 - Proposed Information Collection (Access to Care Dialysis Pilot Survey and Interview); Activity...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Collection (Access to Care Dialysis Pilot Survey and Interview); Activity...information needed to evaluate the VA Dialysis Pilot program for the treatment of End...Disease (ESRD) to improve access to dialysis care for Veterans. DATES: Written...

2013-08-20

234

Natural language interface for information management on mobile devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

A natural language interface (NLI) enables the ease-of-use of information systems in performing sophisticated human – computer interaction. To address the challenges of mobile devices to user interaction in information management, we propose an NLI as a promising solution. In this paper, we review state-of-the-art NLI technologies and analyse user requirements for managing notable information on mobile devices. To minimize any technical

L. Zhou

2007-01-01

235

Creating Electronic Access to Newspaper Information in Nigeria: The Information Aid Network (IFAnet) Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper highlights the value of newspaper information and the methods adopted in organizing, preserving and disseminating it. The paper dwells on the traditional ways of managing newspaper resources and the need to device a new medium of accessing the information contents of the resource. It enumerates the steps taken in conserving newspaper…

Ola, Christopher O.; Ojo, Reuben A.

2006-01-01

236

Programmatic access to data and information at the IRIS DMC via web services  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The IRIS Data Management Center (DMC) has developed a suite of web services that provide access to the DMC's time series holdings, their related metadata and earthquake catalogs. In addition, services are available to perform simple, on-demand time series processing at the DMC prior to being shipped to the user. The primary goal is to provide programmatic access to data and processing services in a manner usable by and useful to the research community. The web services are relatively simple to understand and use and will form the foundation on which future DMC access tools will be built. Based on standard Web technologies they can be accessed programmatically with a wide range of programming languages (e.g. Perl, Python, Java), command line utilities such as wget and curl or with any web browser. We anticipate these services being used for everything from simple command line access, used in shell scripts and higher programming languages to being integrated within complex data processing software. In addition to improving access to our data by the seismological community the web services will also make our data more accessible to other disciplines. The web services available from the DMC include ws-bulkdataselect for the retrieval of large volumes of miniSEED data, ws-timeseries for the retrieval of individual segments of time series data in a variety of formats (miniSEED, SAC, ASCII, audio WAVE, and PNG plots) with optional signal processing, ws-station for station metadata in StationXML format, ws-resp for the retrieval of instrument response in RESP format, ws-sacpz for the retrieval of sensor response in the SAC poles and zeros convention and ws-event for the retrieval of earthquake catalogs. To make the services even easier to use, the DMC is developing a library that allows Java programmers to seamlessly retrieve and integrate DMC information into their own programs. The library will handle all aspects of dealing with the services and will parse the returned data. By using this library a developer will not need to learn the details of the service interfaces or understand the data formats returned. This library will be used to build the software bridge needed to request data and information from within MATLAB°. We also provide several client scripts written in Perl for the retrieval of waveform data, metadata and earthquake catalogs using command line programs. For more information on the DMC's web services please visit http://www.iris.edu/ws/

Weertman, B. R.; Trabant, C.; Karstens, R.; Suleiman, Y. Y.; Ahern, T. K.; Casey, R.; Benson, R. B.

2011-12-01

237

Disclosure Control of Natural Language Information to Enable Secure and Enjoyable Communication over the Internet  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Disclosure control of natural language information (DCNL), which we are trying to realize, is described. DCNL will be used for securing human communications over the internet, such as through blogs and social network services. Before sentences in the communications are disclosed, they are checked by DCNL and any phrases that could reveal sensitive information are transformed or omitted so that they are no longer revealing. DCNL checks not only phrases that directly represent sensitive information but also those that indirectly suggest it. Combinations of phrases are also checked. DCNL automatically learns the knowledge of sensitive phrases and the suggestive relations between phrases by using co-occurrence analysis and Web retrieval. The users' burden is therefore minimized, i.e., they do not need to define many disclosure control rules. DCNL complements the traditional access control in the fields where reliability needs to be balanced with enjoyment and objects classes for the access control cannot be predefined.

Kataoka, Haruno; Utsumi, Akira; Hirose, Yuki; Yoshiura, Hiroshi

238

Hearing lips in a second language: visual articulatory information enables the perception of second language sounds  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigated the effects of visual speech information (articulatory gestures) on the perception of second language (L2)\\u000a sounds. Previous studies have demonstrated that listeners often fail to hear the difference between certain non-native phonemic\\u000a contrasts, such as in the case of Spanish native speakers regarding the Catalan sounds \\/?\\/ and \\/e\\/. Here, we tested whether\\u000a adding visual information about the

Jordi Navarra; Salvador Soto-Faraco

2007-01-01

239

Cross-language information retrieval using PARAFAC2.  

SciTech Connect

A standard approach to cross-language information retrieval (CLIR) uses Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA) in conjunction with a multilingual parallel aligned corpus. This approach has been shown to be successful in identifying similar documents across languages - or more precisely, retrieving the most similar document in one language to a query in another language. However, the approach has severe drawbacks when applied to a related task, that of clustering documents 'language-independently', so that documents about similar topics end up closest to one another in the semantic space regardless of their language. The problem is that documents are generally more similar to other documents in the same language than they are to documents in a different language, but on the same topic. As a result, when using multilingual LSA, documents will in practice cluster by language, not by topic. We propose a novel application of PARAFAC2 (which is a variant of PARAFAC, a multi-way generalization of the singular value decomposition [SVD]) to overcome this problem. Instead of forming a single multilingual term-by-document matrix which, under LSA, is subjected to SVD, we form an irregular three-way array, each slice of which is a separate term-by-document matrix for a single language in the parallel corpus. The goal is to compute an SVD for each language such that V (the matrix of right singular vectors) is the same across all languages. Effectively, PARAFAC2 imposes the constraint, not present in standard LSA, that the 'concepts' in all documents in the parallel corpus are the same regardless of language. Intuitively, this constraint makes sense, since the whole purpose of using a parallel corpus is that exactly the same concepts are expressed in the translations. We tested this approach by comparing the performance of PARAFAC2 with standard LSA in solving a particular CLIR problem. From our results, we conclude that PARAFAC2 offers a very promising alternative to LSA not only for multilingual document clustering, but also for solving other problems in cross-language information retrieval.

Bader, Brett William; Chew, Peter; Abdelali, Ahmed (New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM); Kolda, Tamara Gibson

2007-05-01

240

78 FR 13394 - 30-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Office of Language Services Contractor...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Proposed Information Collection: Office of Language Services Contractor Application Form...of Information Collection: Office of Language Services Contractor Application Form...S. Department of State, Office of Language Services, the information...

2013-02-27

241

Accessing Information on the Mars Exploration Rovers Mission  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In January 2004, the Mars Exploration Rovers (MER) mission successfully deployed two robotic geologists - Spirit and Opportunity - to opposite sides of the red planet. Onboard each rover is an array of cameras and scientific instruments that send data back to Earth, where ground-based systems process and store the information. During the height of the mission, a team of about 250 scientists and engineers worked around the clock to analyze the collected data, determine a strategy and activities for the next day and then carefully compose the command sequences that would instruct the rovers in how to perform their tasks. The scientists and engineers had to work closely together to balance the science objectives with the engineering constraints so that the mission achieved its goals safely and quickly. To accomplish this coordinated effort, they adhered to a tightly orchestrated schedule of meetings and processes. To keep on time, it was critical that all team members were aware of what was happening, knew how much time they had to complete their tasks, and could easily access the information they need to do their jobs. Computer scientists and software engineers at NASA Ames Research Center worked closely with the mission managers at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) to create applications that support the mission. One such application, the Collaborative Information Portal (CIP), helps mission personnel perform their daily tasks, whether they work inside mission control or the science areas at JPL, or in their homes, schools, or offices. With a three-tiered, service-oriented architecture (SOA) - client, middleware, and data repository - built using Java and commercial software, CIP provides secure access to mission schedules and to data and images transmitted from the Mars rovers. This services-based approach proved highly effective for building distributed, flexible applications, and is forming the basis for the design of future mission software systems. Almost two years after the landings on Mars, the rovers are still going strong, and CIP continues to provide data access to mission personnel.

Walton, J. D.; Schreiner, J. A.

2005-12-01

242

Accessibility of the Nondominant Language in Picture Naming: A Counterintuitive Effect of Dementia on Bilingual Language Production  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study tested the assumption that bilinguals with dementia regress to using primarily the dominant language. Spanish-English bilinguals with probable Alzheimer's disease (AD; n = 29), and matched bilingual controls (n = 42) named Boston Naming Test pictures in their dominant and nondominant languages. Surprisingly, differences between…

Gollan, Tamar H.; Salmon, David P.; Montoya, Rosa I.; da Pena, Eileen

2010-01-01

243

Machine translation-supported cross-language information retrieval for a consumer health resource.  

PubMed

The U.S. National Institutes of Health, through its National Library of Medicine, developed ClinicalTrials.gov to provide the public with easy access to information on clinical trials on a wide range of conditions or diseases. Only English language information retrieval is currently supported. Given the growing number of Spanish speakers in the U.S. and their increasing use of the Web, we anticipate a significant increase in Spanish-speaking users. This study compares the effectiveness of two common cross-language information retrieval methods using machine translation, query translation versus document translation, using a subset of genuine user queries from ClinicalTrials.gov. Preliminary results conducted with the ClinicalTrials.gov search engine show that in our environment, query translation is statistically significantly better than document translation. We discuss possible reasons for this result and we conclude with suggestions for future work. PMID:14728236

Rosemblat, Graciela; Gemoets, Darren; Browne, Allen C; Tse, Tony

2003-01-01

244

Accessing Genetic Information with High-Density DNA Arrays  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Rapid access to genetic information is central to the revolution taking place in molecular genetics. The simultaneous analysis of the entire human mitochondrial genome is described here. DNA arrays containing up to 135,000 probes complementary to the 16.6-kilobase human mitochondrial genome were generated by light-directed chemical synthesis. A two-color labeling scheme was developed that allows simultaneous comparison of a polymorphic target to a reference DNA or RNA. Complete hybridization patterns were revealed in a matter of minutes. Sequence polymorphisms were detected with single-base resolution and unprecedented efficiency. The methods described are generic and can be used to address a variety of questions in molecular genetics including gene expression, genetic linkage, and genetic variability.

Chee, Mark; Yang, Robert; Hubbell, Earl; Berno, Anthony; Huang, Xiaohua C.; Stern, David; Winkler, Jim; Lockhart, David J.; Morris, Macdonald S.; Fodor, Stephen P. A.

1996-10-01

245

Information Status and Word Order in Croatian Sign Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the results of research on information structure and word order in narrative sentences taken from signed short stories in Croatian Sign Language (HZJ). The basic word order in HZJ is SVO. Factors that result in other word orders include: reversible arguments, verb categories, locative constructions, contrastive focus, and prior…

Milkovic, Marina; Bradaric-Joncic, Sandra; Wilbur, Ronnie B.

2007-01-01

246

Statistical query translation models for cross-language information retrieval  

Microsoft Academic Search

Query translation is an important task in cross-language information retrieval (CLIR), which aims to determine the best translation words and weights for a query. This paper presents three statistical query translation models that focus on resolution of query translation ambiguities. All the models assume that the selection of the translation of a query term depends on the translations of other

Jianfeng Gao; Jian-yun Nie; Ming Zhou

2006-01-01

247

Enriching Formal Language Learning with an Informal Social Component  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes an informal component that we added to an online formal language learning environment in order to help the learners reach relevant Internet pages they can freely use to complement their learning activity. Thanks to this facility, each lesson is enriched, at run time, with a number of links automatically retrieved from social…

Dettori, Giuliana; Torsani, Simone

2013-01-01

248

Business Language Analysis for Object-Oriented Information Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Business language analysis grows out of a philosophy that treats business organizations as living systems. A key concern is the meaning of business information that provides adaptive survival advantage and strategic leverage. Popular object-oriented methodologies correctly recognize the need to identify business objects by analyzing the problem domain. The approach described in this paper fills in the details that are

Douglas W. Mcdavid

1996-01-01

249

An extended XACML model to ensure secure information access for web services  

Microsoft Academic Search

More and more software systems based on web services have been developed. Web service development techniques are thus becoming crucial. To ensure secure information access, access control should be taken into consideration when developing web services. This paper proposes an extended XACML model named EXACML to ensure secure information access for web services. It is based on the technique of

Shih-chien Chou; Chun-hao Huang

2010-01-01

250

Avoiding the Target Language with the Help of Google: Managing Language Choices in Gathering Information for EFL Project Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The integration of translation tools into the Google search engine has led to a huge increase in the visibility and accessibility of such tools, with potentially far-reaching implications for the English language classroom. Although these translation tools are the focus of this study, using them is in fact only one way in which English language

Musk, Nigel

2014-01-01

251

History-Based Access Control and Secure Information Flow  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses the problem of static checking of pro- grams to ensure that they satisfy conden tiality policies in the presence of dynamic access control in the form of Abadi and Fournet's history- based access control mechanism. The Java virtual machine's permission- based stack inspection mechanism provides dynamic access control and is useful in protecting trusted callees from untrusted

Anindya Banerjee; David A. Naumann

2004-01-01

252

Electronic Scientific Information, Open Access, and Editorial Peer Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews some of the many changes to publishing resulting from the electronic environment and focuses on how open access may impact or alter the editorial peer review process. Developments of particular importance to editorial peer review include the impact of electronic journals (e-journals) on scholarly publishing in general, pre-print repositories, open access journals, and access to unpublished data.

Ann C. Weller

2005-01-01

253

Access Services Education in Library and Information Science Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article defines the elements of Access Services, explains the importance of those aspects in the library, and proposes a course centered on Access Services for library schools. The areas of circulation, interlibrary loan, course reserves, collection maintenance, and public relations are core components of Access Services. Each of those segments is a key aspect of a library's effectiveness and

David McCaslin

2009-01-01

254

Barriers to open access to scientific information in Kenya, with particular reference to agricultural information  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper is based on a qualitative PhD study that sought to investigate factors affecting the adoption of ICT for research communication among researchers in research institutions in Kenya. It shares empirical insights and experiences about barriers to open access (OA) initiatives in scientific research communication, with particular reference to agricultural information, that are unique to scholars and researchers in

Florence N. N. Muinde; G. E. Gorman

2009-01-01

255

Environmental Justice and Information Technologies: Overcoming the Information-Access Paradox in Urban Communities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studies suggest that urban residents in low-income and minority communities are subject to an unequal amount of environmental pollution and inequitable enforcement practices. Projects such as Sustainable Cleveland show that key components of implementing policies are access to Internet-based information and participation community-based…

Kellogg, Wendy A.; Mathur, Anjali

2003-01-01

256

75 FR 56096 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Industrial Economics Incorporated  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Access to Confidential Business Information by Industrial Economics Incorporated AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA...SUMMARY: EPA has authorized contractor, Industrial Economics Incorporated (IEI) of Cambridge, MA, to access...

2010-09-15

257

Mining OOV Translations from Mixed-Language Web Pages for Cross Language Information Retrieval  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Translating Out-Of-Vocabulary (OOV) terms is crucial for Cross Language Information Retrieval (CLIR). In this paper, we propose\\u000a a method that automatically acquires a large quantity of OOV translations from the web. Different from previous approaches\\u000a that rely on a finite set of hand-crafted extraction rules, our method adaptively learns translation extraction patterns based\\u000a on the observation that translation pairs on

Lei Shi

2010-01-01

258

The Politics of Languages in Education: Issues of Access, Social Participation and Inequality in the Multilingual Context of Pakistan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper, based on some findings of a wider three-year study, sets forth the issue of languages used and taught in education as a dimension of inequality and highlights its implications for widening participation and access in the multilingual context of Pakistan. The paper takes secondary education in private and government schools in Pakistan…

Tamim, Tayyaba

2014-01-01

259

Toward Accessible Assessments: The Promises and Limitations of Test Item Adaptations for Students with Disabilities and English Language Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When do item adaptations veer from their intent and, instead of increasing access, modify the construct being measured? This study analyzed early elementary student achievement data from a statewide field test containing both standard and adapted science items. Four student groups were included in this analysis: English language learners, students…

Cawthon, Stephanie; Leppo, Rachel; Carr, Therese; Kopriva, Rebecca

2013-01-01

260

Access to meaning: The anatomy of the language\\/learning connection  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author illustrates how the theories of Jean Piaget, Noam Chomsky, Lev Vygotsky and James Cummins may be integrated into a single, unified model of the interactions and connections between and among language, learning and language proficiency. The model then serves as an analytical tool for examining the mutual interdependencies of language, language proficiency and learning. The model provides a

David C. Skinner

1985-01-01

261

On-Demand Associative Cross-Language Information Retrieval  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper proposes the use of algorithms for mining association rules as an approach for Cross-Language Information Retrieval. These algorithms have been widely used to analyse market basket data. The idea is to map the problem of finding associations between sales items to the problem of finding term translations over a parallel corpus. The proposal was validated by means of experiments using queries in two distinct languages: Portuguese and Finnish to retrieve documents in English. The results show that the performance of our proposed approach is comparable to the performance of the monolingual baseline and to query translation via machine translation, even though these systems employ more complex Natural Language Processing techniques. The combination between machine translation and our approach yielded the best results, even outperforming the monolingual baseline.

Geraldo, André Pinto; Moreira, Viviane P.; Gonçalves, Marcos A.

262

Planetree health information services: public access to the health information people want.  

PubMed Central

In July 1981, the Planetree Health Resource Center opened on the San Francisco campus of California Pacific Medical Center (Pacific Presbyterian Medical Center). Planetree was founded on the belief that access to information can empower people and help them face health and medical challenges. The Health Resource Center was created to provide medical library and health information resources to the general public. Over the last twelve years, Planetree has tried to develop a consumer health library collection and information service that is responsive to the needs and interests of a diverse public. In an effort to increase accessibility to the medical literature, a consumer health library classification scheme was created for the organization of library materials. The scheme combines the specificity and sophistication of the National Library of Medicine classification scheme with the simplicity of common lay terminology.

Cosgrove, T L

1994-01-01

263

76 FR 54283 - 30-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collections: Language Learning Survey Questions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of Proposed Information Collections: Language Learning Survey Questions ACTION: Notice... Title of Information Collection: Language Learning Programs: Pre Program Survey...exchange programs that focus on critical language learning instruction. Estimated...

2011-08-31

264

77 FR 65927 - 60-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Office of Language Services Contractor...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Proposed Information Collection: Office of Language Services Contractor Application Form...Mail: Department of State, Office of Language Services SA- 1, Fourteenth Floor...of Information Collection: Office of Language Services Contractor Application...

2012-10-31

265

The Healthy Web--Access to Online Health Information for Individuals with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The Internet can be an invaluable resource for obtaining health information by people with disabilities. Although valid and reliable information is available, previous research revealed barriers to accessing health information online. Health education specialists have the responsibilities to insure that it is accessible to all users.…

Geiger, Brian; Evans, R. R.; Cellitti, M. A.; Smith, K. Hogan; O'Neal, Marcia R.; Firsing, S. L., III; Chandan, P.

2011-01-01

266

Evaluation on the Occupational Information Access System as Used at Churchill High School. A Project Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Occupational Information Access System (OIAS) improves the accessibility of occupational labor market information for career planning. Its operation at Churchill High School is evaluated from several angels: the likes and dislikes of users; the effect of OIAS on users' knowledge of occupational information and on their career plans; why other…

McKinlay, Bruce; Adams, Daniel

267

New York State Conference on Increasing Language Access to Healthcare: Toward Effective National and State Policy. Inclusive Dates: 09/01/06 - 08/31/07.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objectives of the conference were to: (1) Promote the development of New York State and national language access policy. (2) Transfer knowledge generated by recent research which has documented the critical importance of removing language barriers to ...

D. Refki

2007-01-01

268

Using Information Visualization to Support Access to Archival Records  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As more archival metadata and archival records become available online, providing effective interfaces to those materials is increasingly important to give users access. This article describes five approaches from the hypertext and visualization research communities which can be used to improve such access: (1) navigating hierarchical structures,…

Allen, Robert B.

2005-01-01

269

76 FR 40454 - Proposed Information Collection (VSO Access to VHA Electronic Health Records) Activity; Comment...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Activity; Comment Request AGENCY: Veterans Health Administration, Department of...SUMMARY: The Veterans Health Administration (VHA) is announcing...Officers (VSO) to access VA's Veterans Health Information Systems...

2011-07-08

270

18 CFR 388.113 - Accessing critical energy infrastructure information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...and assets, whether physical or virtual, the incapacity or destruction of which would negatively affect security, economic security, public health or safety, or any combination of those matters. (d) Accessing critical energy...

2010-04-01

271

Improving Access to Longitudinal Patient Health Information within an Emergency Department  

PubMed Central

We designed and implemented an electronic patient tracking system with improved user authentication and patient selection. We then measured access to clinical information from previous clinical encounters before and after implementation of the system. Clinicians accessed longitudinal information for 16% of patient encounters before, and 40% of patient encounters after the intervention, indicating such a system can improve clinician access to information. We also attempted to evaluate the impact of providing this access on inpatient admissions from the emergency department, by comparing the odds of inpatient admission from an emergency department before and after the improved access was made available. Patients were 24% less likely to be admitted after the implementation of improved access. However, there were many potential confounders, based on the inherent pre-post design of the evaluation. Our experience has strong implications for current health information exchange initiatives.

Wilcox, A.B.; Shen, S.; Dorr, D.A.; Hripcsak, G.; Heermann, L; Narus, S.P.

2012-01-01

272

An observational study of consumers' accessing of nutrition information in chain restaurants.  

PubMed

In this observational study, we determined how frequently consumers accessed on-premises nutrition information provided at chain restaurants. The number of patrons entering and accessing nutrition information was recorded at 8 locations that were part of 4 major restaurant chains (McDonald's, Burger King, Starbucks, and Au Bon Pain). Only 6 (0.1%) of 4311 patrons accessed on-premises nutrition information before purchasing food. This very small percentage suggests that such information should be more prominently displayed, such as on restaurant menu boards, to help customers make informed decisions. PMID:19299679

Roberto, Christina A; Agnew, Henry; Brownell, Kelly D

2009-05-01

273

77 FR 42339 - Improving Contracting Officers' Access to Relevant Integrity Information  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...access to relevant information about contractor business ethics in the Federal Awardee Performance and Integrity Information...facilitate the Government's ability to evaluate the business ethics of prospective contractors and protect the...

2012-07-18

274

Handling Vagueness, Subjectivity, and Imprecision in Information Access: An Introduction to the Special Issue.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This special issues comprises nine papers presenting a wide selection of approaches to handling subjectivity, vagueness, and imprecision in information retrieval (IR) and database management necessary for success in designing, developing and implementing effective tools for information access. (LRW)

Crestani, Fabio; Pasi, Gabriella

2003-01-01

275

77 FR 48199 - Privacy Act; System of Records: State-35, Information Access Programs Records  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...routine uses apply to Information Access Programs Records...users are given cyber security awareness training which covers...Sensitive but Unclassified information, including personally...employees on privacy and security requirements,...

2012-08-13

276

78 FR 13088 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Access to...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...information collection under Control Number 1210-0131. The current...comments should mention OMB Control Number 1210-0131. The OMB...DOL-EBSA. Title of Collection: Access to Multiemployer Plan Information. OMB Control Number: 1210-0131....

2013-02-26

277

Stanford University: Center for the Study of Language and Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Center for the Study of Language and Information (CSLI) "is devoted to research in the emerging science of information, computing, and cognition." This "new science" is an interdisciplinary project that developed through a shared interest among computer scientists, linguists, logicians, philosophers, psychologists, and artificial intelligence researchers "in how agents, whether biological or artificial, acquire, process, and convey information." The Center, initiated by researchers from Stanford, SRI International, and Xerox PARC, now also collaborates with researchers from other universities, laboratories, and companies around the world. The website provides information on projects from the Interface Laboratory and the Research in the Cognitive Sciences program. Projects from the Interface Laboratory "constitute a concerted effort at CSLI to address human/computer interface problems emerging in the world of telecommunications, information processing, and consumer electronics." Research in the Cognitive Sciences program addresses interdisciplinary projects that cover a range of topics in computer science, linguistics, logic and semantics, philosophy, psychology, and education. The Publications section includes proceedings from annual conferences, a few older technical reports, and a one-page summary of all publications, including several books available for purchase.

278

Current Challenge in Consumer Health Informatics: Bridging the Gap between Access to Information and Information Understanding  

PubMed Central

The number of health-related websites has proliferated over the past few years. Health information consumers confront a myriad of health related resources on the internet that have varying levels of quality and are not always easy to comprehend. There is thus a need to help health information consumers to bridge the gap between access to information and information understanding—i.e. to help consumers understand health related web-based resources so that they can act upon it. At the same time health information consumers are becoming not only more involved in their own health care but also more information technology minded. One way to address this issue is to provide consumers with tailored information that is contextualized and personalized e.g. directly relevant and easily comprehensible to the person's own health situation. This paper presents a current trend in Consumer Health Informatics which focuses on theory-based design and development of contextualized and personalized tools to allow the evolving consumer with varying backgrounds and interests to use online health information efficiently. The proposed approach uses a theoretical framework of communication in order to support the consumer's capacity to understand health-related web-based resources.

Alpay, Laurence; Verhoef, John; Xie, Bo; Te'eni, Dov; Zwetsloot-Schonk, J.H.M.

2009-01-01

279

Cyberspatial cognition and individual access to information: the behavioral foundation of cybergeography  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper I will examine individual access to information on the Internet through a cognitive - behavioral perspective. I argue that the objective structure of information resources in cyberspace is not helpful for understanding the experience of individual accessibility in cyberspace. Instead, cyberspatial cognition is crucial in constituting the effective cyber-environment and shaping human cyberspatial behavior. I propose a

Mei-Po Kwan

2001-01-01

280

Global digital museum: multimedia information access and creation on the Internet  

Microsoft Academic Search

Multimedia information access on the Internet creates a new paradigm for museum information and education service that complements conventional school programs. We designed and developed the Global Digital Museum to permit easy access to the cultural heritage stored in museums around the world. The system provides a single virtual museum, enabling global search and edit of museum contents on the

Junichi Takahashi; Takayuki Kushida; Jung-Kook Hong; Shigeharu Sugita; Yasuyuki Kurita; Robert Rieger; Wendy Martin; Geri Gay; John Reeve; Rowena Loverance

1998-01-01

281

Rights of Access in the Information Society: Europe's Quandary Over the Exploitation of Public Sector Data.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews 10 years of debate in Europe on commercial rights of access to government information, starting with the United Kingdom's innovative Government Tradable Information Guidelines of 1996 and ending with the European Commission's Draft Green Paper on Rights of Access in 1996. United States market development and commercial rights of…

Worlock, David R.

282

Efficient Information Access for Location-Based Services in Mobile Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The demand for pervasive access of location-related information (e.g., local traffic, restaurant locations, navigation maps, weather conditions, pollution index, etc.) fosters a tremendous application base of "Location Based Services (LBSs)". Without loss of generality, we model location-related information as "spatial objects" and the accesses

Lee, Chi Keung

2009-01-01

283

National Information Policy Developments Worldwide II: Universal Access-Addressing the Digital Divide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the results of a literature survey on recent developments in national information policies in the area of universal access that tries to ensure equal access to information, and considers the digital divide. Highlights include policies in Australia, Canada, the European Union, Hong Kong, the United States, and Okinawa. (Contains 64…

Muir, Adrienne; Oppenheim, Charles

2002-01-01

284

System architecture and information model for integrated access to distributed biomedical information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The current trend towards systems medicine will rely heavily on computational and bioinformatics capabilities to collect, integrate, and analyze massive amounts of data from disparate sources. The objective is to use this information to make medical decisions that improve patient care. At Georgetown University Medical Center, we are developing an informatics capability to integrate several research and clinical databases. Our long term goal is to provide researchers at Georgetown's Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center better access to aggregated molecular and clinical information facilitating the investigation of new hypotheses that impact patient care. We also recognize the need for data mining tools and intelligent agents to help researchers in these efforts. This paper describes our initial work to create a flexible platform for researchers and physicians that provides access to information sources including clinical records, medical images, genomic, epigenomic, proteomic and metabolomic data. This paper describes the data sources selected for this pilot project and possible approaches to integrating these databases. We present the different database integration models that we considered. We conclude by outlining the proposed Information Model for the project.

Kim, Dongkyu; Alaoui, Adil; Levine, Betty; Leondaridis, Leonidas; Shields, Peter; Byers, Steve; Cleary, Kevin

2009-02-01

285

Accessing biomedical literature in the current information landscape.  

PubMed

Biomedical and life sciences literature is unique because of its exponentially increasing volume and interdisciplinary nature. Biomedical literature access is essential for several types of users including biomedical researchers, clinicians, database curators, and bibliometricians. In the past few decades, several online search tools and literature archives, generic as well as biomedicine specific, have been developed. We present this chapter in the light of three consecutive steps of literature access: searching for citations, retrieving full text, and viewing the article. The first section presents the current state of practice of biomedical literature access, including an analysis of the search tools most frequently used by the users, including PubMed, Google Scholar, Web of Science, Scopus, and Embase, and a study on biomedical literature archives such as PubMed Central. The next section describes current research and the state-of-the-art systems motivated by the challenges a user faces during query formulation and interpretation of search results. The research solutions are classified into five key areas related to text and data mining, text similarity search, semantic search, query support, relevance ranking, and clustering results. Finally, the last section describes some predicted future trends for improving biomedical literature access, such as searching and reading articles on portable devices, and adoption of the open access policy. PMID:24788259

Khare, Ritu; Leaman, Robert; Lu, Zhiyong

2014-01-01

286

Distillation protocols that involve local distinguishing: Composing upper and lower bounds on locally accessible information  

SciTech Connect

We find a universal lower bound on locally accessible information for arbitrary bipartite quantum ensembles, when one of the parties is two dimensional. In higher dimensions and in a higher number of parties, the bound is on accessible information by separable operations. We show that for any given density matrix (of an arbitrary number of parties and dimensions), there exists an ensemble, which averages to the given density matrix and whose locally accessible information saturates the lower bound. Moreover, we give a general method to obtain bounds on the yield of singlets in distillation protocols that involves local distinguishing, by using lower and upper bounds on locally accessible information. We then illustrate it by using our lower bound, along with a previously obtained upper bound, on locally accessible information.

Sen, Aditi; Sen, Ujjwal [ICFO-Institut de Ciencies Fotoniques, 08860 Castelldefels (Barcelona) (Spain); Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Hannover, D-30167 Hannover (Germany); Lewenstein, Maciej [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Hannover, D-30167 Hannover (Germany); ICREA and ICFO-Institut de Ciencies Fotoniques, 08860 Castelldefels (Barcelona) (Spain)

2006-11-15

287

The Legal Framework for Language Access in Healthcare Settings: Title VI and Beyond  

PubMed Central

Over the past few decades, the number and diversity of limited English speakers in the USA has burgeoned. With this increased diversity has come increased pressure—including new legal requirements—on healthcare systems and clinicians to ensure equal treatment of limited English speakers. Healthcare providers are often unclear about their legal obligations to provide language services. In this article, we describe the federal mandates for language rights in health care, provide a broad overview of existing state laws and describe recent legal developments in addressing language barriers. We conclude with an analysis of key policy initiatives that would substantively improve health care for LEP patients.

Youdelman, Mara K.; Brooks, Jamie

2007-01-01

288

Federated access to heterogeneous information resources in the Neuroscience Information Framework (NIF).  

PubMed

The overarching goal of the NIF (Neuroscience Information Framework) project is to be a one-stop-shop for Neuroscience. This paper provides a technical overview of how the system is designed. The technical goal of the first version of the NIF system was to develop an information system that a neuroscientist can use to locate relevant information from a wide variety of information sources by simple keyword queries. Although the user would provide only keywords to retrieve information, the NIF system is designed to treat them as concepts whose meanings are interpreted by the system. Thus, a search for term should find a record containing synonyms of the term. The system is targeted to find information from web pages, publications, databases, web sites built upon databases, XML documents and any other modality in which such information may be published. We have designed a system to achieve this functionality. A central element in the system is an ontology called NIFSTD (for NIF Standard) constructed by amalgamating a number of known and newly developed ontologies. NIFSTD is used by our ontology management module, called OntoQuest to perform ontology-based search over data sources. The NIF architecture currently provides three different mechanisms for searching heterogeneous data sources including relational databases, web sites, XML documents and full text of publications. Version 1.0 of the NIF system is currently in beta test and may be accessed through http://nif.nih.gov. PMID:18958629

Gupta, Amarnath; Bug, William; Marenco, Luis; Qian, Xufei; Condit, Christopher; Rangarajan, Arun; Müller, Hans Michael; Miller, Perry L; Sanders, Brian; Grethe, Jeffrey S; Astakhov, Vadim; Shepherd, Gordon; Sternberg, Paul W; Martone, Maryann E

2008-09-01

289

75 FR 10225 - Office of Postsecondary Education; Overview Information; Language Resource Centers Program...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Postsecondary Education; Overview Information; Language Resource Centers Program; Notice Inviting...Description Purpose of Program: The Language Resource Centers (LRC) program provides...capacity for teaching and learning foreign languages. Priorities: This notice contains...

2010-03-05

290

How to Develop State Guidelines for Access Assistants: Scribes, Readers, and Sign Language Interpreters  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual offers states a tool to assist in the development or enhancement of guidelines for access assistants. Whether a state already has guidelines or is just in the process of establishing them, this manual will provide structure to the process and many examples of criteria already included by states. This manual was developed to accompany…

Clapper, Ann T.; Morse, Amanda B.; Thurlow, Martha L.; Thompson, Sandra J.

2006-01-01

291

Virtual Oregon: seamless access to distributed environmental information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Virtual Oregon is a new data coordination center established at Oregon State University (OSU) in order to: (1) archive environmental and other place-based data on Oregon and associated areas; (2) make those data accessible to a broad spectrum of agencies and individuals via innovative web interfaces; (3) identify key data sets that are not yet available and encourage their collection

Dylan Keon; Cherri M. Pancake; Dawn J. Wright

2002-01-01

292

Social Information Access: The Other Side of the Social Web  

Microsoft Academic Search

Modern Web, which is frequently called Social Web or Web 2.0, celebrates the power of the user community. Most frequently it is associated with the power of users as contributors or various kinds of contents through Wikis, blogs, and resource sharing sites. However, the community power impacts not only the production of Web content, but also the access to all

Peter Brusilovsky

2008-01-01

293

Results of an assessment of information needs among speech-language pathologists and audiologists in Idaho*  

PubMed Central

Objectives: The research assesses the information needs of speech-language pathologists (SLPs) and audiologists in Idaho and identifies specific needs for training in evidence-based practice (EBP) principles and searching EBP resources. Methods: A survey was developed to assess knowledge and skills in accessing information. Questionnaires were distributed to 217 members of the Idaho Speech-Language-Hearing Association, who were given multiple options to return the assessment survey (web, email, mail). Data were analyzed descriptively and statistically. Results: The total response rate was 38.7% (84/217). Of the respondents, 87.0% (73/84) indicated insufficient knowledge and skills to search PubMed. Further, 47.6% (40/84) indicated limited knowledge of EBP. Of professionals responding, 52.4% (44/84) reported interest in learning more about EBP and 47.6% (40/84) reported interest in learning to search PubMed. SLPs and audiologists who graduated within the last 10 years were more likely to respond online, while those graduating prior to that time preferred to respond via hard copy. Discussions/Conclusion: More effort should be made to ensure that SLPs and audiologists develop skills in locating information to support their practice. Results from this information needs assessment were used to design a training and outreach program on EBP and EBP database searching for SLPs and audiologists in Idaho.

Guo, Ruiling; Bain, Barbara A.; Willer, Janene

2008-01-01

294

Where Do We Stand? Language Program Direction as Reflected in the "MLA Job Information List."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compares information gleaned from the Modern Language Association's "MLA Job Information List" seeking language program directors in 1996 and provides an overview of changes in the profession during that time. (Author/VWL)

Glew, Ellen

2000-01-01

295

The GPlates Geological Information Model and Markup Language  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Understanding tectonic and geodynamic processes leading to the present-day configuration of the Earth involves studying data and models across a variety of disciplines, from geochemistry, geochronology and geophysics, to plate kinematics and mantle dynamics. All these data represent a 3-dimensional spatial and 1-dimensional temporal framework, a formalism which is not exploited by traditional spatial analysis tools. This is arguably a fundamental limit in both the rigour and sophistication in which datasets can be combined for geological "deep time" analysis, and often confines the extent of data analyses to the present-day configurations of geological objects. The GPlates Geological Information Model (GPGIM) represents a formal specification of geological and geophysical data in a time-varying plate tectonics context, used by the GPlates virtual-globe software. It provides a framework in which relevant types of geological data are attached to a common plate tectonic reference frame, allowing the data to be reconstructed in a time-dependent spatio-temporal plate reference frame. The GPlates Markup Language (GPML), being an extension of the open standard Geography Markup Language (GML), is both the modelling language for the GPGIM and an XML-based data format for the interoperable storage and exchange of data modelled by it. The GPlates software implements the GPGIM allowing researchers to query, visualise, reconstruct and analyse a rich set of geological data including numerical raster data. The GPGIM has recently been extended to support time-dependent geo-referenced numerical raster data by wrapping GML primitives into the time-dependent framework of the GPGIM. Coupled with GPlates' ability to reconstruct numerical raster data and import/export from/to a variety of raster file formats, as well as its handling of time-dependent plate boundary topologies, interoperability with geodynamic softwares is established, leading to a new generation of deep-time spatio-temporal data analysis and modelling, including a variety of new functionalities such as 4-D data-mining.

Qin, X.; Müller, R. D.; Cannon, J.; Landgrebe, T. C. W.; Heine, C.; Watson, R. J.; Turner, M.

2012-07-01

296

The GPlates Geological Information Model and Markup Language  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Understanding tectonic and geodynamic processes leading to the present-day configuration of the Earth involves studying data and models across a variety of disciplines, from geochemistry, geochronology and geophysics, to plate kinematics and mantle dynamics. All these data represent a 3-D spatial and 1-D temporal framework, a formalism which is not exploited by traditional spatial analysis tools. This is arguably a fundamental limit in both the rigour and sophistication in which datasets can be combined for geological deep time analysis, and often confines the extent of data analyses to the present-day configurations of geological objects. The GPlates Geological Information Model (GPGIM) represents a formal specification of geological and geophysical data in a time-varying plate tectonics context, used by the GPlates virtual-globe software. It provides a framework in which relevant types of geological data are attached to a common plate tectonic reference frame, allowing the data to be reconstructed in a time-dependent spatio-temporal plate reference frame. The GPlates Markup Language (GPML), being an extension of the open standard Geography Markup Language (GML), is both the modelling language for the GPGIM and an XML-based data format for the interoperable storage and exchange of data modelled by it. The GPlates software implements the GPGIM allowing researchers to query, visualise, reconstruct and analyse a rich set of geological data including numerical raster data. The GPGIM has recently been extended to support time-dependent geo-referenced numerical raster data by wrapping GML primitives into the time-dependent framework of the GPGIM. Coupled with GPlates' ability to reconstruct numerical raster data and import/export from/to a variety of raster file formats, as well as its handling of time-dependent plate boundary topologies, interoperability with geodynamic softwares is established, leading to a new generation of deep-time spatio-temporal data analysis and modelling, including a variety of new functionalities, such as 4-D data-mining.

Qin, X.; Müller, R. D.; Cannon, J.; Landgrebe, T. C. W.; Heine, C.; Watson, R. J.; Turner, M.

2012-10-01

297

Ecologia: The Assumptions, Expectations, and Strategies of Modern Language Students Working in a Self-Access Learning Environment for the First Time.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined 29 second-year undergraduate students of Spanish using a self-access learning environment for the first time, focusing on their language attitudes and learning strategies. The results show that, even as modern languages majors, the students possessed a model of language and strategies for learning that were significantly…

Piper, Alison

1994-01-01

298

Access to French as Second Official Language Programs in English-Dominant Canada  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Language policies in any country exist within socio-historical contexts--embedded in history and influenced by socio-political factors. In Canada, such factors were the impetus to the formation of the Royal Commission on Bilingualism and Biculturalism, which was grounded in an English/French partnership and recommended that Canada become an…

Mady, Callie; Black, Glenda

2012-01-01

299

The Effectiveness of Stemming for Natural-Language Access to Slovene Textual Data.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on the use of stemming for Slovene language documents and queries in free-text retrieval systems and demonstrates that an appropriate stemming algorithm results in an increase in retrieval effectiveness when compared with nonstemming processing. A comparison is made with stemming of English versions of the same documents and queries. (24…

Popovic, Mirko; Willett, Peter

1992-01-01

300

Gender Issues in Language and Writing. Focused Access to Selected Topics (FAST) Bib No. 63.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This ERIC "FAST Bib," which focuses on gender issues in language and writing, presents annotations of 23 ERIC documents and journal articles published between 1987 and 1991. The first section of the FAST Bib is an overview; the second section is divided between issues that are relevant to the elementary and secondary levels and issues that emerge…

Dickinson, Patricia

301

Language and Education Orientations in Lithuania: A Cross-Baltic Perspective Post-EU Accession  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents an up-to-date overview of language policies and practices in Lithuania, paying particular attention to the latest developments that have taken place in national educational contexts. Against the background of recent sociodemographic changes in the three Baltic republics, Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia, it analyzes issues…

Bulajeva, Tatjana; Hogan-Brun, Gabrielle

2008-01-01

302

Success story in software engineering using NIAM (Natural language Information Analysis Methodology)  

SciTech Connect

To create an information system, we employ NIAM (Natural language Information Analysis Methodology). NIAM supports the goals of both the customer and the analyst completely understanding the information. We use the customer`s own unique vocabulary, collect real examples, and validate the information in natural language sentences. Examples are discussed from a successfully implemented information system.

Eaton, S.M.; Eaton, D.S.

1995-10-01

303

Contemporaneous text as side-information in statistical language modeling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract: We propose new methods to exploit contemporaneous text, such as on-line news articles, to improvelanguage models for automatic speech recognition and other natural language processing applications. Inparticular, we investigate the use of text from a resource-rich language to sharpen language models forprocessing a news story or article in a language with scarce linguistic resources. We demonstrate that evenwith fairly

Sanjeev Khudanpur; Woosung Kim

2004-01-01

304

Cross-Language Information Retrieval Using Latent Semantic Indexing  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this thesis, a method for indexing cross-language databases for conceptual querymatchingis presented. Two languages (Greek and English) are combined by appendinga small portion of documents from one language to the identical documents inthe other language. The proposed merging strategy duplicates less than 7% of theentire database (made up of different translations of the Gospels). Previous strategiesduplicated up to 34%

Paul G. Young

1994-01-01

305

Uses of Formal and Informal Assessments of English Language Learners in a Language Experience Class, School Year 2007-2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper will compare the uses of selected formal and informal assessments of English language learners (ELLs) in the Language Experience class [TRANSLANGEXP7(&8)-008] at Kimball Middle School, Illinois School District U-46, Elgin, Illinois, during school year 2007- 2008. See figure 1 (page 14) for a graphic display of these assessments and…

Montgomery, Joel R.

2008-01-01

306

Language Processing in Children with Cochlear Implants: A Preliminary Report on Lexical Access for Production and Comprehension  

PubMed Central

In this plenary paper we present a review of language research in children with cochlear implants along with at outline of a five-year project designed to examine lexical access for production and recognition. The project will use auditory priming, picture naming with auditory or visual interfering stimuli (Picture-Word Interference and Picture-Picture Interference, respectively) and eye tracking paradigms to examine the role of semantic and various phonological factors. Preliminary data are presented from auditory priming, the picture-word interference, and picture-picture interference tasks. The emergence of group difference is briefly discussed.

Schwartz, Richard G.; Steinman, Susan; Ying, Elizabeth; Mystal, Elana Ying; Houston, Derek M.

2013-01-01

307

Codebook Based Space Division Multiple Access with Partial Side Information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this letter, a codebook based multiuser MIMO precoding scheme is proposed for a space-division multiple access (SDMA) system with limited feedback. Focusing on the case of SDMA systems with two transmit antennas, a precoder codebook design is proposed based on the idea that a precoder inducing larger fluctuations in the signal to interference and noise ratio (SINK) at each link can lead to a larger gain in terms of multiuser diversity. It is shown that the proposed multiuser MIMO precoding outperforms existing multiuser MIMO techniques in terms of the average system throughput.

Lee, Myoung-Won; Mun, Cheol; Kim, Dong-Hee; Yook, Jong-Gwan

308

Mental Health Information Access? Yes, But Not in My Neighborhood.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The advent of deinstitutionalization and consumer health advocacy has spelled changes in mental health information seeking by general public, by families of mentally ill, and by the mentally ill themselves. Their information needs have implications for academic and public libraries and libraries in psychiatric facilities and general hospitals. (14…

Jackson, Meliza

1985-01-01

309

Using Google Maps to Access USGS Volcano Hazards Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Volcano Hazard Program (VHP) is revising the information architecture of our website to provide data within a geospatial context for emergency managers, educators, landowners in volcanic areas, researchers, and the general public. Using a map-based interface for displaying hazard information provides a synoptic view of volcanic activity along with the ability to quickly ascertain where

D. Y. Venezky; S. Snedigar; M. Guffanti; J. E. Bailey; B. G. Wall

2006-01-01

310

InsT 5030/6030 Information Access  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Are you up for the challenge? Information librarians are information athletes. Depending on the time of day, week, or year, the librarian may be trying to answer questions at a rate as high as 30 an hour. Instantly they have to know exactly in what part of the library collection, in what specific source, ...

Outreach

2005-10-07

311

Accessing Information: The Internet--A Highway or a Maze?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Internet is often called "The Information Highway," a metaphor that implies that there is a straight, clearly mapped path to obtaining information. In reality, it is more like a maze with twists and turns and many dead ends. Efficient navigation strategies must be taught; they will not be acquired through osmosis. Schools with a strong…

Hoctor, Marge

2005-01-01

312

Expanding Access to Information with Z39.50.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Z39.50 information protocol standard and how it will simplify the ability to acquire electronic information. The role of the Z39.50 standard in facilitating communication between computers, its significance to librarians, and the potential of the protocol are discussed. How the standard works is discussed in terms of client/server…

Ward, Maribeth

1994-01-01

313

Information Access through Electronic Databases for Rural Public Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To compile a list of recommended electronic databases for rural libraries, public library patron questions received by the Arizona State Reference Center were searched on ten databases. The results indicated Books in Print, Magazine Database, ABI/INFORM, Public Affairs Information System (PAIS), and Government Printing Office (GPO) Publications…

Canepi, Kitti

1997-01-01

314

Effects of Iconicity and Semantic Relatedness on Lexical Access in American Sign Language  

PubMed Central

Iconicity is a property that pervades the lexicon of many sign languages, including American Sign Language (ASL). Iconic signs exhibit a motivated, non-arbitrary mapping between the form of the sign and its meaning. We investigated whether iconicity enhances semantic priming effects for ASL and whether iconic signs are recognized more quickly than non-iconic signs (controlling for strength of iconicity, semantic relatedness, familiarity, and imageability). Twenty deaf signers made lexical decisions to the second item of a prime-target pair. Iconic target signs were preceded by prime signs that were a) iconic and semantically related, b) non-iconic and semantically related, or c) semantically unrelated. In addition, a set of non-iconic target signs was preceded by semantically unrelated primes. Significant facilitation was observed for target signs when preceded by semantically related primes. However, iconicity did not increase the priming effect (e.g., the target sign PIANO was primed equally by the iconic sign GUITAR and the non-iconic sign MUSIC). In addition, iconic signs were not recognized faster or more accurately than non-iconic signs. These results confirm the existence of semantic priming for sign language and suggest that iconicity does not play a robust role in on-line lexical processing.

Bosworth, Rain G.; Emmorey, Karen

2010-01-01

315

Medical Student's Access to Information and Resources for the Residency Selection Process.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Results of a nationwide survey of students showed that, when the students had access to information from medical professionals (faculty members, deans, house physicians) regarding residency selection, they felt they had greater access than did students who made greater use of other sources (official directories, classmates, and the "grapevine").…

Taggart, Mary P.; And Others

1988-01-01

316

Government Printing Office CD-ROMS: Where to Find Information and Access to Government CDs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports results of a survey of depository libraries that gathered information on which CD-ROM databases distributed by the Government Printing Office are received and public access to these databases. Addresses and details of equipment used for public access for the 41 responding libraries are provided, and a list of selected databases is…

Kovacs, Diane K.

1992-01-01

317

Enhancing Access to Information: Designing Catalogs for the 21st Century.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book addresses the problem of when a library has limited catalog access, and explores various technological methods to expand the catalog beyond its traditional boundaries. Fourteen chapters describe catalog projects in individual libraries: (1) "Enhancing Access to Information: Building Catalogs for the Future" (David A. Tyckoson); (2) "The…

Tyckoson, David A., Ed.

318

Frontal activations associated with accessing and evaluating information in working memory: an fMRI study  

Microsoft Academic Search

To investigate the involvement of frontal cortex in accessing and evaluating information in working memory, we used a variant of a Sternberg paradigm and compared brain activations between positive and negative responses (known to differentially tax access\\/evaluation processes). Participants remembered two trigrams in each trial and were then cued to discard one of them and maintain the other one as

John X. Zhang; Hoi-Chung Leung; Marcia K. Johnsona

2003-01-01

319

Scale of Adaptive Information Technology Accessibility for Postsecondary Students with Disabilities (SAITAPSD): A Preliminary Investigation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The responses of 81 Canadian junior and community college students with disabilities were used to develop and evaluate the Scale of Adaptive Information Technology Accessibility for Postsecondary Students with Disabilities (SAITAPSD). This is an 18-item self-administered tool that evaluates computing accessibility for and by students with various…

Fichten, Catherine S.; Nguyen, Mai N.; Barile, Maria; Asuncion, Jennison V.

2007-01-01

320

Integration of access control and ancillary information systems  

SciTech Connect

The DOE has identified the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory ARGUS system as the standard entry control system for the DOE Complex. ARGUS integrates several key functions, specifically, badging, entry control, and verification of clearance status. Not all sites need or can afford an ARGUS system. Such sites are therefore limited to commercial equipment which provide ARGUS like features. In this project an alternative way to integrate commercial equipment into an integrated system to include badging, access control, property control, and automated verification of clearance status has been investigated. Such a system would provide smaller sites the same functionality as is provided by ARGUS. Further, it would allow sites to fully participate in the DOE`s concept of Complex wide access control. This multi-year task is comprised of three phases. Phase 1, system requirements and definitions, and phase 2, software and hardware development, were completed during fiscal year 1994. This report covers these two phases and the demonstration system which resulted. Phase three would employ the demonstration system to evaluate system performance, identify operational limits and to integrate additional features. The demonstration system includes a badging station, a database server, a managers workstation, an entry control system, and a property protection system. The functions have been integrated through the use of custom interfaces and operator screens which greatly increase ease of use.

Rodriguez, J.R.; Ahrens, J.S.

1995-07-01

321

A Flexible and Distributed Architecture to Enforce Dynamic Access Control  

Microsoft Academic Search

Avoiding unauthorized access in an information system usually means enforcing access control mechanisms. Traditional access control only aims at de- ciding if an access can be granted or not. Dynamic access control goes further as it aims at controlling also if an ongoing access is still authorized while it is running. Rights Expression Languages, such as MPEG-REL, take into account

Thierry Sans; Frédéric Cuppens; Nora Cuppens-boulahia

2006-01-01

322

Availability of and Ease of Access to Calorie Information on Restaurant Websites  

PubMed Central

Objective Offering calories on restaurant websites might be particularly important for consumer meal planning, but the availability of and ease of accessing this information are unknown. Methods We assessed websites for the top 100 U.S. chain restaurants to determine the availability of and ease of access to calorie information as well as website design characteristics. We also examined potential predictors of calorie availability and ease of access. Results Eighty-two percent of restaurants provided calorie information on their websites; 25% presented calories on a mobile-formatted website. On average, calories could be accessed in 2.35±0.99 clicks. About half of sites (51.2%) linked to calorie information via the homepage. Fewer than half had a separate section identifying healthful options (46.3%), or utilized interactive meal planning tools (35.4%). Quick service/fast casual, larger restaurants, and those with less expensive entrées and lower revenue were more likely to make calorie information available. There were no predictors of ease of access. Conclusion Calorie information is both available and largely accessible on the websites of America’s leading restaurants. It is unclear whether consumer behavior is affected by the variability in the presentation of calorie information.

Bennett, Gary G.; Steinberg, Dori M.; Lanpher, Michele G.; Askew, Sandy; Lane, Ilana B.; Levine, Erica L.; Goodman, Melody S.; Foley, Perry B.

2013-01-01

323

Access to Information and Freedom of Information Requests: Neglected Means of Data Production in the Social Sciences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access to information (ATI) and freedom of information (FOI) mechanisms are now relevant features of governments in many liberal democracies today. Citizens, organizations, and permanent residents in several countries across the globe can request unpublished information from federal, provincial, state, county, and municipal government agencies.…

Walby, Kevin; Larsen, Mike

2012-01-01

324

48 CFR 1852.237-72 - Access to Sensitive Information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...currently in the public domain, and which may embody trade secrets or commercial or financial information, and which may be...including this paragraph (f), suitably modified to reflect the relationship of the parties, in all subcontracts that may involve...

2013-10-01

325

48 CFR 352.270-19 - Electronic information and technology accessibility.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...SERVICES CLAUSES AND FORMS SOLICITATION PROVISIONS...use of information and data that is comparable to...use of information and data that is comparable to...use of information and data by members of the public...Product Accessibility Template at...

2009-10-01

326

Social Information Access for the Rest of Us: An Exploration of Social YouTube  

Microsoft Academic Search

The motivation behind many Information Retrieval systems is to identify and present relevant information to people given their cur- rent goals and needs. Learning about user preferences and access patterns recent technologies make it possible to model user information needs and adapt services to meet these needs. In previous work we have presented ASSIST, a general-purpose platform which incorporates various

Maurice Coyle; Jill Freyne; Peter Brusilovsky; Barry Smyth

2008-01-01

327

Data access, charging and copyright and their implications for geographical information systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Few geographical information systems generate all their own data. As geographical or spatial data are the fuel of such systems, the availability, access and price of data sets held by others becomes a matter of considerable importance. In this context, geographical information systems form only a special case of information systems in general, but geographical data are increasingly part of

David Rhind

1992-01-01

328

US government information: selected current issues in public access vs. private competition  

Microsoft Academic Search

Web information systems are having a profound effect on the way information is being disseminated today. Current technological advances have caused many government agencies to re-evaluate their practice of contracting with private sector vendors who have traditionally repackaged and marketed the agency's raw data. These new opportunities for government agencies wishing to make information publicly accessible have blurred the traditional

Susan McMullen

2000-01-01

329

78 FR 9654 - Public Access to NEH Records Under the Freedom of Information Act  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Access to NEH Records Under the Freedom of Information Act AGENCY...unilaterally rescinding its joint Freedom of Information Act (FOIA...have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of...Administrative practice and procedure, Freedom of Information. For the...

2013-02-11

330

22 CFR 1102.3 - Procedures for requesting access to records or information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...access to records or information. 1102.3 Section...INTERNATIONAL BOUNDARY AND WATER COMMISSION, UNITED...SECTION FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT § 1102.3 ...A request for any information or records shall be...International Boundary and Water Commission, 4171...

2013-04-01

331

Access to Information in the Developing World: The Role of Mobile Telephony in Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Classical theory suggests that economies operate efficiently when agents have open and symmetric access to market information such as the price, quality, and availability of goods and services. Emerging economies often lack the infrastructure and institutional framework necessary to facilitate this fluid transmission of information, and are subsequently defined by informational divides that sustain systemic structural impediments to development. The

Michael Bruce Sagan

2012-01-01

332

75 FR 70672 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Computer Sciences Corporation and Its Identified...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Access to Confidential Business Information by Computer Sciences Corporation and Its Identified Subcontractors AGENCY...SUMMARY: EPA has authorized its contractor, Computer Sciences Corporation (CSC) of Chantilly, VA and Its...

2010-11-18

333

76 FR 37111 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Computer Sciences Corporation and Its Identified...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Access to Confidential Business Information by Computer Sciences Corporation and Its Identified Subcontractors AGENCY...SUMMARY: EPA has authorized its contractor, Computer Sciences Corporation of Chantilly, VA and Its...

2011-06-24

334

75 FR 1053 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Industrial Economics, Incorporated  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Confidential Business Information by Industrial Economics, Incorporated AGENCY: Environmental...authorize its contractor, Industrial Economics, Incorporated (IEc) to access Confidential...EP-W-6-065 and EP07H000213, Industrial Economics, Incorporated (IEc) will assist...

2010-01-08

335

75 FR 70235 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Industrial Economics, Incorporated  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Confidential Business Information by Industrial Economics, Incorporated AGENCY: Environmental...authorize its contractor, Industrial Economics, Incorporated (IEc) to access Confidential...EP-W-06- 065/0013, Industrial Economics, Incorporated (IEc) will assist...

2010-11-17

336

DOD Controls Over Information Placed on Publicly Accessible Web Sites Require Better Execution.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In a September 25, 2008, memorandum to the DOD Office of the Inspector General, the then Deputy Secretary of Defense (DEPSECDEF), outlined his concerns that, 'sensitive information frequently can still be found on publicly accessible Web sites.' To addres...

2010-01-01

337

75 FR 3232 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Versar Inc. and Its Identified Subcontractor  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SUMMARY: EPA has authorized contractor, Versar Inc. of North Springfield, VA and its subcontractor, to access information which...EP-W-10-005, contractor Versar of 6850 Versar Center, North Springfield, VA and its subcontractor Syracuse Research...

2010-01-20

338

24 CFR 5.905 - What special authority is there to obtain access to sex offender registration information?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...special authority is there to obtain access to sex offender registration information? 5...special authority is there to obtain access to sex offender registration information? (a) PHA obligation to obtain sex offender registration...

2012-04-01

339

24 CFR 5.905 - What special authority is there to obtain access to sex offender registration information?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...special authority is there to obtain access to sex offender registration information? 5...special authority is there to obtain access to sex offender registration information? (a) PHA obligation to obtain sex offender registration...

2010-04-01

340

24 CFR 5.905 - What special authority is there to obtain access to sex offender registration information?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...special authority is there to obtain access to sex offender registration information? 5...special authority is there to obtain access to sex offender registration information? (a) PHA obligation to obtain sex offender registration...

2011-04-01

341

24 CFR 5.905 - What special authority is there to obtain access to sex offender registration information?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...special authority is there to obtain access to sex offender registration information? 5...special authority is there to obtain access to sex offender registration information? (a) PHA obligation to obtain sex offender registration...

2013-04-01

342

Ontology-Based Federated Data Access to Human Studies Information  

PubMed Central

Human studies are one of the most valuable sources of knowledge in biomedical research, but data about their design and results are currently widely dispersed in siloed systems. Federation of these data is needed to facilitate large-scale data analysis to realize the goals of evidence-based medicine. The Human Studies Database project has developed an informatics infrastructure for federated query of human studies databases, using a generalizable approach to ontology-based data access. Our approach has three main components. First, the Ontology of Clinical Research (OCRe) provides the reference semantics. Second, a data model, automatically derived from OCRe into XSD, maintains semantic synchrony of the underlying representations while facilitating data acquisition using common XML technologies. Finally, the Query Integrator issues queries distributed over the data, OCRe, and other ontologies such as SNOMED in BioPortal. We report on a demonstration of this infrastructure on data acquired from institutional systems and from ClinicalTrials.gov.

Sim, Ida; Carini, Simona; Tu, Samson W.; Detwiler, Landon T.; Brinkley, James; Mollah, Shamim A.; Burke, Karl; Lehmann, Harold P.; Chakraborty, Swati; Wittkowski, Knut M.; Pollock, Brad H.; Johnson, Thomas M.; Huser, Vojtech

2012-01-01

343

Space Physics Metadata Searching Using Space Physics Data Markup Language (SPDML) and Scientific Resource Access System (SRAS)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Space Physics Data Markup Language (SPDML) is a prototype system that provides a standard method of data querying enabling multi-instrument comparison to TIMED data and tracing the Sun-Earth connection. It facilitates the development of an extensible standard for next generation multi-mission catalog searching capabilities such as those proposed for use in Virtual Observatories. SPDML defines a metadata-rich standard method for expressing Space Physics datasets utilizing XML (eXtensible Markup Language) and describes the structure, semantics and content of any space physics data set in any data format. SPDMLs extensibility has been demonstrated, both through its data dictionary that is compatible with the developing Space Physics Archive Search and Extract (SPASE) data dictionary, and by integrating it with another prototype system for accessing Space Physics Metadata - SRAS (Scientific Resource Access System). A testbed has been developed and deployed using data from the NASA TIMED spacecraft and ground-based SuperDARN radars to demonstrate the multi-mission search capabilities (http://sd-www.jhuapl.edu/SPDML) and will be used to demonstrate Virtual Observatory concepts in action.

Weiss, M. B.; Morrison, D. D.; Hashemian, M. R.; Daley, R. A.; Immer, E. A.; Fortner, B. I.; Jen, J.; Steele, J.

2004-12-01

344

FACILITATING ACCESS TO ENVIRONMENTAL INFORMATION WITHIN THE USEPA  

EPA Science Inventory

This document presents an approach for the development of an inventory of environmental information for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. This approach was developed by the Agencys National Center for Environmental Assessment within the Office of Research and Development...

345

Sub- and Supralexical Information in Early Phases of Lexical Access  

PubMed Central

The present study investigated sub- and supralexical effects in morphological processing for inflected and pseudo complex words and pseudo words in lexical decision with masked and cross-modal priming. The results showed that the early stage of morphological processing is not only sensitive to whether the orthographic string can be segmented into an existing stem and affix, but also whether the full form is an existing word the meaning of which differs from the meaning of the segmented stem. It is thus likely that from early on morphological processing is probably not governed by morpho-orthographic processes alone, but is most likely sensitive to top-down information, perhaps originating from supralexical semantic connections between the words morphological family members. In addition, whereas semantic interpretability has a clear advantage later in processing, this stage seems to be sensitive to bottom-up form information as well. In a detailed theoretical discussion we show how these findings, along with earlier findings, are explained by a model that assumes that morphological information is represented at two interactive levels, corresponding to sublexical form (orthographic) and supralexical (semantic) information mediated by a lexical level. This allows supralexical (semantic) effects to feed top-down, predicting differences between regular inflected and pseudo complex words at the lexical level, affecting the early phases of processing for these words.

Jarvikivi, Juhani; Pyykkonen, Pirita

2011-01-01

346

IMPERFECT INFORMATION, SOCIAL CAPITAL AND THE POOR'S ACCESS TO CREDIT  

Microsoft Academic Search

The last fifty years have seen the large-scale implementation of financial programs that specifically target the poor. Many such early programs, often implemented by governments, were not able to satisfactorily deal with information uncertainties, and hence resulted in weak incentive structures, heavily bureaucratic and politicized approaches and inevitably low repayment performance. More recently (even though the concept is more than

Thierry van Bastelaer

2000-01-01

347

Enhancing Mobile Access to Information with the Short Message Service  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the development of interactive text message applications at the University of North Carolina Wilmington. We describe how the university's information technology innovation program led to the formation of a faculty owned company in which the university holds an equity interest. Next, we discuss the collaborative development…

Brown, Jeff; Vetter, Ron; Saunders-White, Debra

2008-01-01

348

Knowledge Organization and Access in a Conceptual Information System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the System for Conceptual Information Summarization, Organization, and Retrieval (SCISOR), which is designed to parse and understand short newspaper stories on corporate takeovers. Highlights include issues involved in developing memory organization and retrieval components, theoretical considerations involved in the system design, and a…

Rau, Lisa F.

1987-01-01

349

Reaching Rural Communities: Increasing Access to Disability Research Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nonmetropolitan areas have the highest percentage of people with disabilities, including severe disabilities. However, rural people with disabilities may represent a population that is underserved or difficult to reach. Barriers to information dissemination in rural areas include limited transportation and communications infrastructures, greater…

Research Exchange, 2002

2002-01-01

350

Internet Access and Online Cancer Information Seeking Among Latino Immigrants From Safety Net Clinics  

PubMed Central

Internet use is widespread, but little is known about Internet use for cancer information among Latinos, especially those who rely on safety net clinics. The authors investigated access to and intended use of the Internet for cancer information among low income, immigrant Latinos predominately from Central and South America. A cross-sectional study of 1,273 Latinos 21 years and older attending safety net clinics or health fairs was conducted from June 2007 to November 2008. The authors used logistic regression models to evaluate associations of age, acculturation, psychosocial factors and other covariates with Internet access and intended use of the Internet for cancer information among those with access. Of the sample, 44% reported Internet access. Higher information self-efficacy and greater trust in the Internet were independently associated with Internet access (p= .05 and p < .001, respectively). Among those with access, 53.8% reported they intended to seek cancer help online if they needed information. Those with younger age and higher acculturation, education and self-efficacy had higher odds of intended Internet use for cancer information, considering covariates. In addition, those with high (vs. low) perceived risk of cancer (OR = 1.76; 95% CI [1.14, 2.73]; p = .01) and higher levels of trust in online health information (OR = 1.47 per one-point increase; 95% [CI 1.19, 1.82]; p = .0004) were more likely to intend to seek cancer information online. These findings that Internet access is fairly high in the immigrant Latino population and that the Internet is a trusted source of cancer information suggest that the Internet may be a channel for cancer control interventions.

SELSKY, CLAIRE; LUTA, GEORGE; NOONE, ANNE-MICHELLE; HUERTA, ELMER E.; MANDELBLATT, JEANNE S.

2013-01-01

351

Opportunities for Foreign Language Learning and Use within a Learner's Informal Social Networks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite widespread acknowledgement of the importance of the social dimensions of second language acquisition, there has been little research on second language (L2) use and learning in the social networks of foreign language learners. This study examines the language use of a student of Japanese in Australia in two informal conversations he had…

Kurata, Naomi

2010-01-01

352

WIRELESS INTERNET ACCESS TO REAL-TIME TRANSIT INFORMATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

A transit vehicle information system that delivers estimated departure times for buses at user-selectable geographic locations to Internet-enabled mobile devices is reported. The system is not merely schedule based; it makes use of real-time vehicle position reports to predict travel times to future locations. How the physical restrictions of mobile devices (e.g., screen size and input options) affect user interaction

S. d. Maclean; D. j. Dailey

2002-01-01

353

Global land information system (GLIS) access to worldwide Landsat data  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Landsat Technical Working Group (LTWG) and the Landsat Ground Station Operations Working Group (LGSOWG) have encouraged Landsat receiving stations around the world to share information about their data holdings through the exchange of metadata records. Receiving stations forward their metadata records to the U.S. Geological Survey's EROS Data Center (EDC) on a quarterly basis. The EDC maintains the records for each station, coordinates changes to the database, and provides metadata to the stations as requested. The result is a comprehensive international database listing most of the world's Landsat data acquisitions This exchange of information began in the early 1980's with the inclusion in the EDC database os scenes acquired by a receiving station in Italy. Through the years other stations have agreed to participate; currently ten of the seventeen stations actively share their metadata records. Coverage maps have been generated to depict the status of the database. The Worldwide Landsat database is also available though the Global Land Information System (GLIS).

Smith, Timothy B.; Goodale, Katherine L.

1993-01-01

354

Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Waste Information System (Public Access)  

DOE Data Explorer

The Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) is a DOE facility located in the desert outside Carlsbad, New Mexico. Its mission is to safely dispose of defense-related transuranic radioactive waste. Disposal ôroomsö are carved out of the Permian Salt Formation deep below the desertÆs surface. The WIPP Waste Information Service (WWIS) was established in accordance with an Agreement between the United States Department of Energy and the New Mexico Environment Department, dated February 11, 2005, Docket Number HWB 04-07 (CO). The service provides information the containers emplaced at WIPP and the waste products they hold. The public may query by shipment number, location of waste stream or location of the container after it is placed at WIPP, date placed, and Haz Codes or other information about the waste stream profiles. For example, choosing the waste stream identified as ID-SDA-SLUDGE reveals that it may contain more than 20 chemical waste products, including arsenic, spent halogenated solvents, potassium cyanide, and chloroform. The system then tells you each numbered container that has this kind of sludge. Container data is available within 14 days after the containerÆs emplacement in the WIPP Repository.

355

Trends in English as a Second Language. Information Capsule.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report discusses the steep increases in second language activity at Miami-Dade Community College (M-DCC) over the past two decades. During this time span, credit language course activity has grown from 28,391 credits in 1980 to 76,608 credits in 2001. This is an increase of 48,217 credits in second language courses. Total credits grew by…

Baldwin, Anne

356

Racial disparities in health information access: resilience of the digital divide  

Microsoft Academic Search

Policy initiatives of the late 1990s were believed to have largely eliminated the information “Digital Divide.” For healthcare consumers, access to information is an essential part of the consumer-centric framework outlined in the recently proposed national health information initiative. This study sought to examine how racial\\/ethnic characteristics are associated with Internet use and online health information. Using a cross-sectional nationwide

Daniel P. Lorence; Heeyoung Park; Susannah Fox

2006-01-01

357

Quality Guidelines for Health Information in Multiple Languages: MedlinePlus  

MedlinePLUS

... Tools Quality Guidelines for Health Information in Multiple Languages To use the sharing features on this page, ... we are selective in reviewing materials in other languages. In addition to our general MedlinePlus Quality Guidelines ...

358

DoD (Department of Defense) Gateway Information System (DGIS): Common Command Language Mapping,  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The DoD Gateway Information System (DGIS) Common Command Language (CCL) project was initiated to provide a single standard command language for searching any online database system. This report relates the requirements analysis for the initial CCL prototy...

R. L. Bixby

1987-01-01

359

Semantics of data and service registration to advance interdisciplinary information and data access.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In developing an application of semantic web methods and technologies to address the integration of heterogeneous and interdisciplinary earth-science datasets, we have developed methodologies for creating rich semantic descriptions (ontologies) of the application domains. We have leveraged and extended where possible existing ontology frameworks such as SWEET. As a result of this semantic approach, we have also utilized ontologic descriptions of key enabling elements of the application, such as the registration of datasets with ontologies at several levels of granularity. This has enabled the location and usage of the data across disciplines. We are also realizing the need to develop similar semantic registration of web service data holdings as well as those provided with community and/or standard markup languages (e.g. GeoSciML). This level of semantic enablement extending beyond domain terms and relations significantly enhances our ability to provide a coherent semantic data framework for data and information systems. Much of this work is on the frontier of technology development and we will present the current and near-future capabilities we are developing. This work arises from the Semantically-Enabled Science Data Integration (SESDI) project, which is an NASA/ESTO/ACCESS-funded project involving the High Altitude Observatory at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), McGuinness Associates Consulting, NASA/JPL and Virginia Polytechnic University.

Fox, P. P.; McGuinness, D. L.; Raskin, R.; Sinha, A. K.

2008-12-01

360

Tablets for Informal Language Learning: Student Usage and Attitudes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile-assisted language learning (MALL), a relatively new area of CALL inquiry, is gaining more and more attention from language educators with the development of new mobile devices. Tablet computers--featuring high mobility, convenient network connectivity, and smart application extendibility--are part of a wave of the latest mobile inventions;…

Chen, Xiao-Bin

2013-01-01

361

Searching for Bridges between Formal and Informal Language Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Life in the contemporary society and ongoing globalisation processes result in growing demands on educators, including language teachers in higher education. The frequently accentuated so-called postmethod approach to foreign language teaching gives teachers a lot of freedom and flexibility but also creates a large space for various types of…

Brebera, Pavel; Hlouskova, Jitka

2012-01-01

362

Using Assessment to Inform Instruction in Cherokee Language Revitalisation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Language loss is a concern for the Cherokee Nation in northeastern Oklahoma. As part of language revitalisation efforts, in 2001 Cherokee Nation opened the Cherokee Immersion Preschool in which teachers use only Cherokee throughout the day with their monolingual English-speaking students. Based on a study of the Immersion Preschool that spanned…

Peter, Lizette; Hirata-Edds, Tracy E.

2006-01-01

363

Tools for Language Programs. ICEM Technical Information Bulletin No. 19.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This overview of available technologies and how they can be used in teaching languages is divided into three sections. The first, "Multimedia Inputs," examines digitized multimedia tools and their role in language courses, electronic books, encyclopedias and dictionaries, and games, and takes a closer look at "unimedia" products and audiovisual…

Bezard, M.; Bourguignon, C.

364

The regulatory and legal framework of information security and right to access information in Government, Local Government and Public Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Development of successful model of Government, Local Government and Public Services (GLGPS) in Croatia is based on the development of regulatory and legal framework to protect the rights of access to information. Nowadays, information security is becoming the most important issue in development of electronic administration. In this paper the authors will give an overview of the fundamentals of regulatory

Slavko Simundic; Marija Boban; Zoran Sinkovic

2010-01-01

365

Use and perceptions of information among family physicians: sources considered accessible, relevant, and reliable  

PubMed Central

Objectives: The research determined (1) the information sources that family physicians (FPs) most commonly use to update their general medical knowledge and to make specific clinical decisions, and (2) the information sources FPs found to be most physically accessible, intellectually accessible (easy to understand), reliable (trustworthy), and relevant to their needs. Methods: A cross-sectional postal survey of 792 FPs and locum tenens, in full-time or part-time medical practice, currently practicing or on leave of absence in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan was conducted during the period of January to April 2008. Results: Of 666 eligible physicians, 331 completed and returned surveys, resulting in a response rate of 49.7% (331/666). Medical textbooks and colleagues in the main patient care setting were the top 2 sources for the purpose of making specific clinical decisions. Medical textbooks were most frequently considered by FPs to be reliable (trustworthy), and colleagues in the main patient care setting were most physically accessible (easy to access). Conclusions: When making specific clinical decisions, FPs were most likely to use information from sources that they considered to be reliable and generally physically accessible, suggesting that FPs can best be supported by facilitating easy and convenient access to high-quality information.

Kosteniuk, Julie G.; Morgan, Debra G.; D'Arcy, Carl K.

2013-01-01

366

Ephemeral and Persistent Personalization in Adaptive Information Access to Scholarly Publications on the Web  

Microsoft Academic Search

We show how personalization techniques can be e xploited to implement more a daptive a nd effective information access s ystems in electronic publishing. We distinguish persistent (or long term) and ephemeral (or short t erm) personalization, and we describe how both of them can be profitably applied in information filtering and retrieval systems used, via a specialized Web portal,

Stefano Mizzaro; Carlo Tasso

2002-01-01

367

Validity and Readability of the Occupational Information Access System "QUEST" Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the report was to examine the readability of the Occupational Information Access System (OIAS) QUEST questionnaire and the validity of independent client use of the questionnaire as an information gathering device. Readability formulas rate the QUEST questionnaire "easy" or "fairly easy" and they rank the occupational descriptors…

McKinlay, Bruce

368

ACCESSING GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SERVICES AND VISUALIZATION PRODUCTS AT NOAA'S NATIONAL CLIMATIC DATA CENTER  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main goal in developing and deploying Geographic Information Services (GIS) at NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) is to provide users with simple access to data archives while integrating new and informative climate products. Users who are presented with data discovery options which flow into detailed product selection maps can search using standard \\

Rich Baldwin; Steve Ansari; Neal Lott; Glen Reid

369

Coset codes for multiple access channels with common information based on LDPC codes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Coding for discrete memoryless compound multiple access channels (MACs) with common information is considered. A construction method for an ensemble of MAC codes is proposed based on non-binary low-density parity check (LDPC) codes. It is shown that an overall MAC code asymptotically approaches the random coding exponent for the compound MAC with common information under joint maximum likelihood decoding. The

Hideki Yagi; H. Vincent Poor

2010-01-01

370

Improving Memory after Interruption: Exploiting Soft Constraints and Manipulating Information Access Cost  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Forgetting what one was doing prior to interruption is an everyday problem. The recent soft constraints hypothesis (Gray, Sims, Fu, & Schoelles, 2006) emphasizes the strategic adaptation of information processing strategy to the task environment. It predicts that increasing information access cost (IAC: the time, and physical and mental effort…

Morgan, Phillip L.; Patrick, John; Waldron, Samuel M.; King, Sophia L.; Patrick, Tanya

2009-01-01

371

The Content and Accessibility of Sex Education Information on the Internet  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this studywas to describe Web sites with sex education material and assess the accessibility of specific information on the Internet. First, the authors conducted a review of Web sites using specific sex education keywords. Second, 27 undergraduate students were asked to locate information on proper condom use and sexually transmitted disease (STD) symptoms. The time, number of

Meghan Smith; Emily Gertz; Sarah Alvarez; Peter Lurie

2000-01-01

372

The Economic Crisis and Other Challenges in Accessing Science and Technological Information in Asia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses access to scientific and technical information in Asia. The first section considers the economic crisis, including the growth in information service as a major indicator of the success or failure of the economies of developing countries. Libraries' response to the economic crisis is addressed in the second section, including…

Stueart, Robert D.

373

The Internet as a Reference Tool: Accessing Scientific and Technical Information via the World Wide Web.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Los Alamos National Laboratory's Research Library has developed a World Wide Web (WWW) page to allow laboratory staff, as well as individuals from around the world, access to information via the Internet. While many Web pages offer information solely on the organization, the Los Alamos National Laboratory page provides links to reference materials…

Mosier, Mona L.

374

Information Literacy Skills Training: A Factor in Student Satisfaction with Access to High Demand Material  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a survey of Business and Government, Law and Information Sciences students carried out at the University of Canberra, results showed that in-curricula information literacy skills training had a greater impact on students' satisfaction with access to high demand material than the purchase of additional copies of books. This paper will discuss…

Perrett, Valerie

2010-01-01

375

Public library computer training for older adults to access high-quality Internet health information  

Microsoft Academic Search

An innovative experiment to develop and evaluate a public library computer training program to teach older adults to access and use high-quality Internet health information involved a productive collaboration among public libraries, the National Institute on Aging and the National Library of Medicine of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and a Library and Information Science (LIS) academic program at

Bo Xie; Julie M. Bugg

2009-01-01

376

Environmental Information Management For Data Discovery and Access System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mercury is a federated metadata harvesting, search and retrieval tool based on both open source software and software developed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. It was originally developed for NASA, and the Mercury development consortium now includes funding from NASA, USGS, and DOE. A major new version of Mercury was developed during 2007 and released in early 2008. This new version provides orders of magnitude improvements in search speed, support for additional metadata formats, integration with Google Maps for spatial queries, support for RSS delivery of search results, and ready customization to meet the needs of the multiple projects which use Mercury. For the end users, Mercury provides a single portal to very quickly search for data and information contained in disparate data management systems. It collects metadata and key data from contributing project servers distributed around the world and builds a centralized index. The Mercury search interfaces then allow ! the users to perform simple, fielded, spatial and temporal searches across these metadata sources. This centralized repository of metadata with distributed data sources provides extremely fast search results to the user, while allowing data providers to advertise the availability of their data and maintain complete control and ownership of that data.

Giriprakash, P.

2011-01-01

377

ScienceCentral: open access full-text archive of scientific journals based on Journal Article Tag Suite regardless of their languages  

PubMed Central

ScienceCentral, a free or open access, full-text archive of scientific journal literature at the Korean Federation of Science and Technology Societies, was under test in September 2013. Since it is a Journal Article Tag Suite-based full text database, extensible markup language files of all languages can be presented, according to Unicode Transformation Format 8-bit encoding. It is comparable to PubMed Central: however, there are two distinct differences. First, its scope comprises all science fields; second, it accepts all language journals. Launching ScienceCentral is the first step for free access or open access academic scientific journals of all languages to leap to the world, including scientific journals from Croatia.

Huh, Sun

2013-01-01

378

ScienceCentral: open access full-text archive of scientific journals based on Journal Article Tag Suite regardless of their languages.  

PubMed

ScienceCentral, a free or open access, full-text archive of scientific journal literature at the Korean Federation of Science and Technology Societies, was under test in September 2013. Since it is a Journal Article Tag Suite-based full text database, extensible markup language files of all languages can be presented, according to Unicode Transformation Format 8-bit encoding. It is comparable to PubMed Central: however, there are two distinct differences. First, its scope comprises all science fields; second, it accepts all language journals. Launching ScienceCentral is the first step for free access or open access academic scientific journals of all languages to leap to the world, including scientific journals from Croatia. PMID:24266292

Huh, Sun

2013-01-01

379

Enabling mHealth while assuring compliance: reliable and secure information access in a mobile world.  

PubMed

An increasingly mobile clinical workforce rapidly adopting consumer devices to access mobile, cloud-based applications, complemented by the wide range of mobile storage devices and other portable electronics, such as digital cameras, MP3 players, can make it difficult to efficiently assure compliance without impacting user productivity. This article reviewed a number of healthcare use cases and introduced comprehensive concepts and possible automated solutions to meet the requirements of a highly complex infrastructure of devices accessing confidential information. PMID:23039784

Wirth, Axel

2012-01-01

380

Cross-Language Information Retrieval in a Multilingual Legal Domain  

Microsoft Academic Search

. We describe here the application of a cross-language informationretrieval technique based on similarity thesauri in the domainof Swiss law. We present the theory of similarity thesauri, which areinformation structures deerived from corpora, and show how they canbe used for cross-language retrieval. We also discuss the collections ofSwiss legal documents and show how we have used them to construct anenvironment

Paraic Sheridan; Martin Braschlert; Peter Schäuble

1997-01-01

381

Exploiting latent semantic information in statistical language modeling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Statistical language models used in large-vocabulary speech recognition must properly encapsulate the various constraints, both local and global, present in the language. While local constraints are readily captured through n-gram modeling, global constraints, such as long-term semantic dependencies, have been more difficult to handle within a data-driven formalism. This paper focuses on the use of latent semantic analysis, a paradigm

JEROME R. BELLEGARDA

2000-01-01

382

An end-to-end secure patient information access card system.  

PubMed

The rapid development of the Internet and the increasing interest in Internet-based solutions has promoted the idea of creating Internet-based health information applications. This will force a change in the role of IC cards in healthcare card systems from a data carrier to an access key medium. At the Medical Informatics Department of Kyoto University Hospital we are developing a smart card patient information project where patient databases are accessed via the Internet. Strong end-to-end data encryption is performed via Secure Socket Layers, transparent to transmit patient information. The smart card is playing the crucial role of access key to the database: user authentication is performed internally without ever revealing the actual key. For easy acceptance by healthcare professionals, the user interface is integrated as a plug-in for two familiar Web browsers, Netscape Navigator and MS Internet Explorer. PMID:10786073

Alkhateeb, A; Singer, H; Yakami, M; Takahashi, T

2000-03-01

383

49 CFR 39.55 - Must information and reservation services of PVOs be accessible to individuals with hearing or...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...services of PVOs be accessible to individuals with hearing or vision impairments...Transportation TRANSPORTATION FOR INDIVIDUALS WITH DISABILITIES: PASSENGER VESSELS Information...services of PVOs be accessible to individuals with hearing or vision...

2013-10-01

384

Language.  

PubMed

Noninvasive focal brain stimulation by means of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) has been used extensively in the past 20 years to investigate normal language functions. The picture emerging from this collection of empirical works is that of several independent modular functions mapped on left-lateralized temporofrontal circuits originating dorsally or ventrally to the auditory cortex. The identification of sounds as language (i.e., phonological transformations) is modulated by TMS applied over the posterior-superior temporal cortex and over the caudal inferior frontal gyrus/ventral premotor cortex complex. Conversely, attribution of semantics to words is modulated successfully by applying TMS to the rostral part of the inferior frontal gyrus. Speech production is typically interfered with by TMS applied to the left inferior frontal gyrus, onto the same cortical areas that also contain phonological representations. The cortical mapping of grammatical functions has been investigated with TMS mainly regarding the category of verbs, which seem to be represented in the left middle frontal gyrus. Most TMS studies have investigated the cortical processing of single words or sublexical elements. Conversely, complex elements of language such as syntax have not been investigated extensively, although a few studies have indicated a left temporal, frontal, and parietal system also involving the neocerebellar cortex. Finally, both the perception and production of nonlinguistic communicative properties of speech, such as prosody, have been mapped by TMS in the peri-Silvian region of the right hemisphere. PMID:24112933

Cattaneo, Luigi

2013-01-01

385

Mobile City and Language Guides--New Links between Formal and Informal Learning Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the major challenges in second and foreign language education, is to create links between formal and informal learning environments. Mobile City and Language Guides present examples of theoretical and practical reflections on such links. This paper presents and discusses the first considerations of Mobile City and Language Guides in…

Bo-Kristensen, Mads; Ankerstjerne, Niels Ole; Neutzsky-Wulff, Chresteria; Schelde, Herluf

2009-01-01

386

Communication policy, corporate language policy and corporate information portal : A Holy Trinity in corporate communications?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The aim of this paper is to discuss a theoretical framework for increased integration of a company's communication policy, corporate language policy and corporate information portal with a view to facilitating communication management. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper draws on selected theoretical contributions on corporate language policy with special emphasis on theoretical considerations on the type of language policies

Henrik Simonsen

2009-01-01

387

42 CFR 433.127 - Termination of FFP for failure to provide access to claims processing and information retrieval...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...access to claims processing and information retrieval systems. 433.127 Section...Mechanized Claims Processing and Information Retrieval Systems § 433.127 ...to claims processing and information retrieval systems. CMS...

2013-10-01

388

Technology-Assisted Patient Access to Clinical Information: An Evaluation Framework for Blue Button  

PubMed Central

Background Patient access to clinical information represents a means to improve the transparency and delivery of health care as well as interactions between patients and health care providers. We examine the movement toward augmenting patient access to clinical information using technology. Our analysis focuses on “Blue Button,” a tool that many health care organizations are implementing as part of their Web-based patient portals. Objective We present a framework for evaluating the effects that technology-assisted access to clinical information may have on stakeholder experiences, processes of care, and health outcomes. Methods A case study of the United States Department of Veterans Affairs' (VA) efforts to make increasing amounts of clinical information available to patients through Blue Button. Drawing on established collaborative relationships with researchers, clinicians, and operational partners who are engaged in the VA’s ongoing implementation and evaluation efforts related to Blue Button, we assessed existing evidence and organizational practices through key informant interviews, review of documents and other available materials, and an environmental scan of published literature and the websites of other health care organizations. Results Technology-assisted access to clinical information represents a significant advance for VA patients and marks a significant change for the VA as an organization. Evaluations of Blue Button should (1) consider both processes of care and outcomes, (2) clearly define constructs of focus, (3) examine influencing factors related to the patient population and clinical context, and (4) identify potential unintended consequences. Conclusions The proposed framework can serve as a roadmap to guide subsequent research and evaluation of technology-assisted patient access to clinical information. To that end, we offer a series of related recommendations.

Nazi, Kim M; Luger, Tana M; Amante, Daniel J; Smith, Bridget M; Barker, Anna; Shimada, Stephanie L; Volkman, Julie E; Garvin, Lynn; Simon, Steven R; Houston, Thomas K

2014-01-01

389

Aids to English Language Teaching: Information Guide No. 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is an annotated guide to English language instructional materials useful for both native and non-native speakers of English at primary and secondary levels. Materials relate to and are available in Great Britain; prices and addresses of publishers and suppliers are included. The sections cover: (1) Visual aids specifically designed for…

British Council, London (England). English-Teaching Information Centre.

390

Interactions between Statistical and Semantic Information in Infant Language Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Infants can use statistical regularities to form rudimentary word categories (e.g. noun, verb), and to learn the meanings common to words from those categories. Using an artificial language methodology, we probed the mechanisms by which two types of statistical cues (distributional and phonological regularities) affect word learning. Because…

Lany, Jill; Saffran, Jenny R.

2011-01-01

391

Prediction and evolutionary information analysis of protein solvent accessibility using multiple linear regression.  

PubMed

A multiple linear regression method was applied to predict real values of solvent accessibility from the sequence and evolutionary information. This method allowed us to obtain coefficients of regression and correlation between the occurrence of an amino-acid residue at a specific target and its sequence neighbor positions on the one hand, and the solvent accessibility of that residue on the other. Our linear regression model based on sequence information and evolutionary models was found to predict residue accessibility with 18.9% and 16.2% mean absolute error respectively, which is better than or comparable to the best available methods. A correlation matrix for several neighbor positions to examine the role of evolutionary information at these positions has been developed and analyzed. As expected, the effective frequency of hydrophobic residues at target positions shows a strong negative correlation with solvent accessibility, whereas the reverse is true for charged and polar residues. The correlation of solvent accessibility with effective frequencies at neighboring positions falls abruptly with distance from target residues. Longer protein chains have been found to be more accurately predicted than their smaller counterparts. PMID:16170780

Wang, Jung-Ying; Lee, Hahn-Ming; Ahmad, Shandar

2005-11-15

392

User-Assisted Query Translation for Interactive Cross-Language Information Retrieval  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interactive Cross-Language Information Retrieval (CLIR), a process in which searcher and system collaborate to flnd documents that satisfy an information need regardless of the language in which those documents are written, calls for designs in which synergies between searcher and system can be leveraged so that the strengths of one can cover weaknesses of the other. This paper describes an

Douglas W. Oard; Daqing Heyand; Jianqiang Wangz

393

The Gender Puzzle: Toddlers' Use of Articles to Access Noun Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Grammatical gender embedded in determiners, nouns and adjectives allows indirect and more rapid processing of the referents implied in sentences. However in a language such as Spanish, this useful information cannot be reliably retrieved from a single source of information. Instead, noun gender may be extracted either from phono-morphological,…

Arias-Trejo, Natalia; Falcon, Alberto; Alva-Canto, Elda A.

2013-01-01

394

Informal politics and inequity of access to health care in Lebanon  

PubMed Central

Introduction Despite the importance of political institutions in shaping the social environment, the causal impact of politics on health care access and inequalities has been understudied. Even when considered, research tends to focus on the effects of formal macro-political institutions such as the welfare state. We investigate how micro-politics and informal institutions affect access to care. Methods This study uses a mixed-methods approach, combining findings from a household survey (n?=?1789) and qualitative interviews (n?=?310) in Lebanon. Multivariate logistic regression was employed in the analysis of the survey to examine the effect of political activism on access to health care while controlling for age, sex, socioeconomic status, religious commitment and piety. Results We note a significantly positive association between political activism and the probability of receiving health aid (p?informants also reveal that, although a form of “universal coverage” exists in Lebanon whereby any citizen is eligible for coverage of hospitalization fees and treatments, in practice, access to health services is used by political parties and politicians as a deliberate strategy to gain and reward political support from individuals and their families. Conclusions Individuals with higher political activism have better access to health services than others. Informal, micro-level political institutions can have an important impact on health care access and utilization, with potentially detrimental effects on the least politically connected. A truly universal health care system that provides access based on medical need rather than political affiliation is needed to help to alleviate growing health disparities in the Lebanese population.

2012-01-01

395

Speech Recognition Supported by Prosodic Information for Fixed Stress Languages  

Microsoft Academic Search

In our paper we examine the usage prosodic features in speech recognition, with a special attention payed to agglutinating\\u000a and fixed stress languages. The used prosodic features, acoustic-prosodic pre-processing, and segmentation in terms of prosodic\\u000a units are presented in details. We use the expression ”prosodic unit” in order to make a difference from prosodic phrases,\\u000a which are longer. We trained

György Szaszák; Klára Vicsi

2007-01-01

396

The mobile agent technology to support and to access museum information  

Microsoft Academic Search

The global scenario put together by communication networks de- termines new opportunities towards the realization of Internet- based distributed services in many complex and composite appli- cation areas, such as the access to museum information. Solution complexity mainly stems from the heterogeneous representation formats of data, their geographical distribution, the large number of data sources involved, and the user requirements

Paolo Bellavista; Antonio Corradi; Andrea Tomasi

2000-01-01

397

Abortion Clinics. Information on the Effectiveness of the Freedom of Access to Clinic Entrances Act.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In response to your request, this report provides information on (1) the occurrence of abortion clinic incidents before and after Freedom of Access to Clinic Entrances Act of 1994 (FACE), as reported to us by representatives of clinics that abortion right...

1998-01-01

398

Enhancing Health Literacy through Accessing Health Information, Products, and Services: An Exercise for Children and Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The second National Health Education Standard states the importance of student demonstration of the ability to access valid health information and services. The teaching technique presented in this article provides an opportunity for children and adolescents to develop their health literacy and advocacy skills by contributing to a class resource…

Brey, Rebecca A.; Clark, Susan E.; Wantz, Molly S.

2007-01-01

399

Improving Information Access through Technology: A Plan for Louisiana's Public Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Strengthening technology in Louisiana's public libraries will support equitable and convenient access to electronic information resources for all citizens at library sites, in homes, and in business. The plan presented in this document is intended to enhance and expand technology in the state's public libraries. After discussion of the crucial…

Jaques, Thomas F.

400

Instant Access in Forensics: Issues Created by the Internet and Electronic Information Systems in Forensic Competition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although technology has created endless benefits for society, these benefits are accompanied by increased responsibilities and dangers. On-line research and the internet have completely altered the surface of forensics. Advantages of using the internet are the access to a wealth of information, which could constitute an equalizer for smaller…

Scott, Shannon

401

Differential impact of brain damage on the access mode to memory representations: an information theoretic approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Different access modes to information stored in long-term memory can lead to different distributions of errors in classification tasks. We have designed a famous faces memory classification task that allows for the extraction of a measure of metric content, an index of the relevance of semantic cues for classification performance. High levels of metric content are indicative of a relatively

Rosapia Lauro-Grotto; Elisa Ciaramelli; Carolina Piccini; Alessandro Treves

2007-01-01

402

Partners on the Net: FDLP Partnering to Coordinate Remote Access to Internet-Based Government Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the Government Printing Office (GPO) plan for the transition to an electronic Federal Depository Library Program (FDLP) that, through a network of partnerships comprised of the GPO, the National Archives and Records Administration, federal agencies, and FDLP libraries, will increase public access to government information. (JAK)

Aldrich, Duncan

1998-01-01

403

GPO's Vision for Access to Government Information in the Electronic Age.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of the planned transformation of the U.S. Government Printing Office (GPO) from a printer to a multimedia disseminator of information products and services considers the need for a governmentwide publishing policy; the underlying principles that define the GPO's role; and strategies for providing access to online data. (six references)…

Kelley, Wayne P., Jr.

1992-01-01

404

Women Empowerment through Access to Information: The Strategic Roles of Non-Governmental Organizations in Nigeria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the last few decades, there has been steady increasing awareness of the need to empower women in order to improve their socioeconomic status to be able to cope and also contribute effectively in this period of economic crisis. ATI (access to information) provision is a vital factor in empowerment, thus, many organizations, such as library,…

Oyelude, Adetoun A.; Bamigbola, Alice A.

2013-01-01

405

Logical Representation of Common Rules for Controlling Access to Classified Information.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Official policies for controlling access to classified information in the U.S. are quite complex and often difficult to enforce. We present an encoding of a common core of these policies in an authorization logic, and describe their rigorous enforcement i...

B. Witten D. Garg D. Serenyi F. Pfenning

2009-01-01

406

Program Description-HASM: Hierarchical Access Storage Management. Information System for Vocational Decisions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Described is a complete and technical description of one component of the Information System for Vocational Decisions (ISVD) total data storage and access system. Both a verbal and a graphic flow chart of its functions within the system are presented. (TL)

Scott, Heather

407

Facilitating Access to Information through Collaboration: Examination of the Role of Collaborative Technology in Competitive Intelligence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Few attempts have been made to establish conceptual links between collaboration, collaborative technology, information access and competitive intelligence. The purpose of this paper is to propose a framework and a number of starting premises for studying collaboration and the role of collaborative technology in the context of competitive intelligence. Résumé: Peu de tentatives ont été faites pour établir des liens

Tao Jin; France Bouthillier

408

Motivations for URL citations to open access library and information science articles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  We define the URL citations of a Web page to be the mentions of its URL in the text of other Web pages, whether hyperlinked\\u000a or not. The proportions of formal and informal scholarly motivations for creating URL citations to Library and Information\\u000a Science open access journal articles were identified. Five characteristics for each source of URL citations equivalent to

Kayvan Kousha; Mike Thelwall

2006-01-01

409

Expanded Access  

MedlinePLUS

... appropriate. 4. Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Controls Information and Pharmacology and Toxicology Information including a description of the ... requesting expanded access. Some companies establish a lottery system to determine which patients will have treatment access. ...

410

[Access to information on oral hygiene and tooth loss due to caries among adults].  

PubMed

This study sought to establish the association between tooth loss due to dental caries and variables related to access to information on oral health in adults aged 35-44 years (n = 780) who participated in a large epidemiological study. The dependent variable was total tooth loss due to caries. The independent variables were grouped into blocks: demographic and socio-economic characteristics, use of dental service, access to oral health information (about how to prevent oral problems; oral hygiene; and diet), and behaviors. The analysis was conducted using hierarchical multiple linear regression. The mean number of lost teeth due to caries was 7.03. High numbers of lost teeth were higher among females and older adults; low levels of education; adults who rarely/never received oral hygiene information; those who brushed their teeth once a day or less; and those adults who did not use dental floss (p < 0.05). Adults who rarely/never received oral hygiene information from dental services lost 2.15 more teeth due to caries than those who always/often received such information (p = 0,000). Thus, it is suggested that access to information should be encouraged to contribute to greater equity in oral health. PMID:24473625

Haikal, Desirée Sant'Ana; Martins, Andréa Maria Eleutério de Barros Lima; Aguiar, Pedro Henrique Soares; Silveira, Marise Fagundes; de Paula, Alfredo Maurício Batista; Ferreira, Efigênia Ferreira e

2014-01-01

411

Parsing a Natural Language Using Mutual Information Statistics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to characterize aconstituent boundary parsing algorithm, using aninformation-theoretic measure called generalizedmutual information, which serves as an alternativeto traditional grammar-based parsing methods.This method is based on the hypothesisthat constituent boundaries can be extracted froma given sentence (or word sequence) by analyzingthe mutual information values of the part-ofspeech n-grams within the sentence. This hypothesisis supported ...

David M. Magerman; Mitchell P. Marcus

1990-01-01

412

A user profile-based approach for personal information access: shaping your information portfolio  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the spread of internet, internet-based information service business has started to become profitable. One of the key technologies is personalization. Successful internet information services must realize personalized information delivery, by which the users can automatically receive highly tuned information according to their personal needs and preferences. In order to realize such personalized information services, we have developed an automatic

Lo Ka Kan; Xiang Peng; Irwin King

2006-01-01

413

THE EFFECT OF FINANCIAL INFORMATION QUALITY ON ABILITY TO ACCESS EXTERNAL FUNDS AND PERFORMANCE OF SMES IN THAILAND  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several factors have been identified in the literature as affecting SME performance, in particular ability to access finance. Access to finance is in turn influenced by variables in both the enterprise's internal and external environment. It is held that SMEs are unable to access external finance because they are not investment ready. They lack the necessary information and knowledge of

NARUANARD SARAPAIVANICH; BERNICE KOTEY

2006-01-01

414

Information technology (IT) accessibility: implications for employment of people with disabilities.  

PubMed

Online technology has made significant inroads into human resource (HR) processes such as recruitment, benefits, and training, yet many web sites are inaccessible to people with disabilities. Cornell University surveyed 433 HR representatives regarding their organizations' use of information and Web technology in HR processes. Survey results report that nine of the ten organizations use Web processes for job postings, eight of ten for online benefits information dissemination, and about six out of ten for online benefits self service and online employee training. Employee use of computers was extensive, with the majority using computers more than half the workday. Knowledge of assistive technologies for computer users with disabilities and of Web accessibility considerations was low, but nearly half the respondents reported having made some type of adaptation to make a computer accessible to an employee with a disability. Very few organizations had trained any of their staff in Web accessibility topics or in making computers accessible, and the majority desired more information on those topics. These findings have implications not only for people with disabilities, but for the general workforce, which is aging. PMID:17148877

Bruyère, Susanne M; Erickson, William; VanLooy, Sara

2006-01-01

415

Method, apparatus and system for management of information content for enhanced accessibility over wireless communication networks  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

Information content is managed in a network-based communication system by providing a first web-based interface accessible to a first user, the first web-based interface being configured to permit the first user to designate at least one data source that is external to the first web-based interface, maintaining persistent information content on behalf of the first user including content obtained from the data source designated by the first user, and generating a second web-based interface different than the first web-based interface, wherein access to at least a portion of the persistent information content is provided to each of one or more additional users via the second web-based interface in a manner controlled by the first user via the first web-based interface to thereby facilitate interaction between the first and additional users. The first and second web-based interfaces may comprise respective content management and mobile web sites.

2014-07-29

416

Facilitating Access to Biodiversity Information: A Survey of Users' Needs and Practices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Biodiversity information is essential for understanding and managing the environment. However, identifying and providing the forms and types of biodiversity information most needed for research and decision-making is a significant challenge. While research needs and data gaps within particular topics or regions have received substantial attention, other information aspects such as data formats, sources, metadata, and information tools have received little. Focusing on the US southeast, a region of global biodiversity importance, this paper assesses the biodiversity information needs of environmental researchers, managers, and decision makers. Survey results of biodiversity information users' information needs, information-seeking behaviors and preferred information source attributes support previous conclusions that useful biodiversity information must be easily and quickly accessible, available in forms that allow integration and visualization and appropriately matched to users' needs. Survey results concerning additional information aspects suggest successful participation in both the creation and provision of biodiversity information include an increased focus on information search and other tools for data management, discovery, and description.

Davis, Miriam L. E. Steiner; Tenopir, Carol; Allard, Suzie; Frame, Michael T.

2014-03-01

417

Integrating Linguistic, Motor, and Perceptual Information in Language Production  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Speakers show remarkable adaptability in updating and correcting their utterances in response to changes in the environment. When an interlocutor raises an eyebrow or the AC kicks on and introduces ambient noise, it seems that speakers are able to quickly integrate this information into their speech plans and adapt appropriately. This ability to…

Frank, Austin F.

2011-01-01

418

Influence of Passive versus Active Information Access to Hypertextual Information Resources on Cognitive and Emotional Parameters.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a study of university students that examined the influences of navigation in hypertext learning environments and discusses advantages and disadvantages of hypertext as instructional media. Discusses active (self-directed) versus passive (pre-sequenced) access; knowledge acquisition; emotional outcomes; and knowledge utilization with a…

Zumbach, Jorg; Reimann, Peter; Koch, Sabine

2001-01-01

419

Consumer access to health information on the internet: health policy implications  

PubMed Central

Background Providers of health care usually have much better information about health and health care interventions than do consumers. The internet is an important and rapidly evolving source of global health-related information and could provide a means of correcting for asymmetric information. However, little is known about who accesses this information and how it is used in New Zealand. The aims of this research were to: determine the nature of the health information sought, how respondents use the information, how helpful they perceive the information to be, and the self-assessed value of such information. Methods The researchers conducted an anonymous five minute telephone and mall intercept survey of randomly selected Wellington residents who had searched for health-related information on the internet. Investigators entered the data into an Excel spreadsheet and transferred it to SPSS for data cleaning, data exploration and statistical analysis. Search time costs were based on the opportunity cost of income foregone and respondents were asked to provide a money value for the information found. Results Eighty-three percent of respondents accessed the internet from home, and 87% conducted the search for themselves. Forty-five percent of people were looking for general health and nutrition information, 42% for data about a specific illness and 40% for a medicine. After finding the information, 58% discussed it with a family member/ friend/ workmate, 36% consulted a general practitioner, 33% changed their eating or drinking habits, and 13% did nothing. Respondents found the information very quick to find and useful. It took them on average 0.47 hours and cost $12 (opportunity cost of time) to find the information. The average value of the data found was $60 and the net benefit to the consumer was $48 ($60 – $12). Conclusion The results of this research could assist providers of health information via the internet to tailor their websites to better suit users' needs. Given the high perceived value of internet health information (greater than the average general practitioner fee) and the fact that some of the information found may be unreliable or even unsafe a valuable public health policy initiative would be to provide an improved New Zealand health information website containing information on how to evaluate data sourced from the world-wide-web and links to a range of useful and trustworthy health information sites.

Scott, W Guy; Scott, Helen M; Auld, Terry S

2005-01-01

420

LanguageNet: A novel framework for processing unstructured text information  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we present LanguageNet-a novel framework for processing unstructured text information from human generated content. The state of the art information processing frameworks have some shortcomings: modeled in generalized form, trained on fixed (limited) data sets, and leaving the specialization necessary for information consolidation to the end users. The proposed framework is the first major attempt to address

Pir Abdul Rasool Qureshi; Nasrullah Memon; Uffe Kock Wiil

2011-01-01

421

78 FR 31800 - Accessible Emergency Information, and Apparatus Requirements for Emergency Information and Video...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...provide customer support services and contact information to assist consumers who are...Commission. People With Disabilities: Contact the FCC to request reasonable accommodations...this document. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Diana Sokolow,...

2013-05-24

422

75 FR 7582 - Access by EPA Contractors to Information Claimed as Confidential Business Information (CBI...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Business Information (CBI) Submitted Under Title II of the Clean Air Act AGENCY: Environmental...information which has been submitted to EPA under Title II of the Clean Air Act that is claimed...Information which has been submitted to EPA under Title II of the Clean Air Act that is...

2010-02-22

423

77 FR 20647 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB; Public Access to HUD Records...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection to OMB; Public Access to HUD Records under the Freedom of Information Act (FIOA) and Production of Material or Provisions...Title of Proposal: Public Access to HUD Records under the Freedom of Information Act (FIOA) and Production of Material or...

2012-04-05

424

Predisposition to Choose: The Language of an Information Gap Task in a Multilingual Primary Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper focuses on an information gap task that was part of a larger critical action research project that sought to expand talk opportunities for children in multilingual classrooms. Little of the previous research on tasks and language learning has focused on children learning English as an additional language in the context of diverse,…

Dufficy, Paul

2004-01-01

425

A New Frontier in Computation-Computation with Information Described in Natural Language  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computation with information described in natural language is closely related to Computing with Words. NL-Computation is of intrinsic importance because much of human knowledge is described in natural language. This is particularly true in such fields as economics, data mining, systems engineering, risk assessment and emergency management. It is safe to predict that as we move further into the age

L. A. Zadeh

2007-01-01

426

Ver-i-Fus: an integrated access control and information monitoring and management system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes the Ver-i-Fus Integrated Access Control and Information Monitoring and Management (IAC-I2M) system that INTELNET Inc. has developed. The Ver-i-Fus IAC-I2M system has been designed to meet the most stringent security and information monitoring requirements while allowing two- way communication between the user and the system. The systems offers a flexible interface that permits to integrate practically any sensing device, or combination of sensing devices, including a live-scan fingerprint reader, thus providing biometrics verification for enhanced security. Different configurations of the system provide solutions to different sets of access control problems. The re-configurable hardware interface, tied together with biometrics verification and a flexible interface that allows to integrate Ver-i-Fus with an MIS, provide an integrated solution to security, time and attendance, labor monitoring, production monitoring, and payroll applications.

Thomopoulos, Stelios C.; Reisman, James G.; Papelis, Yiannis E.

1997-01-01

427

Wireless access to a pharmaceutical database: A demonstrator for data driven Wireless Application Protocol applications in medical information processing  

PubMed Central

Background The Wireless Application Protocol technology implemented in newer mobile phones has built-in facilities for handling much of the information processing needed in clinical work. Objectives To test a practical approach we ported a relational database of the Danish pharmaceutical catalogue to Wireless Application Protocol using open source freeware at all steps. Methods We used Apache 1.3 web software on a Linux server. Data containing the Danish pharmaceutical catalogue were imported from an ASCII file into a MySQL 3.22.32 database using a Practical Extraction and Report Language script for easy update of the database. Data were distributed in 35 interrelated tables. Each pharmaceutical brand name was given its own card with links to general information about the drug, active substances, contraindications etc. Access was available through 1) browsing therapeutic groups and 2) searching for a brand name. The database interface was programmed in the server-side scripting language PHP3. Results A free, open source Wireless Application Protocol gateway to a pharmaceutical catalogue was established to allow dial-in access independent of commercial Wireless Application Protocol service providers. The application was tested on the Nokia 7110 and Ericsson R320s cellular phones. Conclusions We have demonstrated that Wireless Application Protocol-based access to a dynamic clinical database can be established using open source freeware. The project opens perspectives for a further integration of Wireless Application Protocol phone functions in clinical information processing: Global System for Mobile communication telephony for bilateral communication, asynchronous unilateral communication via e-mail and Short Message Service, built-in calculator, calendar, personal organizer, phone number catalogue and Dictaphone function via answering machine technology. An independent Wireless Application Protocol gateway may be placed within hospital firewalls, which may be an advantage with respect to security. However, if Wireless Application Protocol phones are to become effective tools for physicians, special attention must be paid to the limitations of the devices. Input tools of Wireless Application Protocol phones should be improved, for instance by increased use of speech control.

Hansen, Michael Schacht

2001-01-01

428

MarketNet: protecting access to information systems through financial market controls  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This paper describes novel market-based technologies that uniquely establish quantifiable and adjustable limits on the power of attackers, enable verifiable accountability for malicious attacks, and admit systematic and uniform monitoring and detection of attacks. These technologies, incorporated in the MarketNet system, establish a financial economy,to regulate the trade and use of access rights in information,systems. Resources are instrumented to

Yechiam Yemini; Apostolos Dailianas; Danilo Florissi; G. Huberman

2000-01-01

429

Improving Access to Online Multilingual Resources by Adopting the My Language Portal in the City of Greater Dandenong Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on the implementation of "My Language Portal" in the City of Greater Dandenong Libraries (CGDL), Melbourne, Victoria, through the development of a "My Language Portal Project Plan" in 2006. It discusses how the aims of the designers of My Language Portal (MLP) are fulfilled in the exceptional, changing demographics of Dandenong.…

Bogdanovic, Marijana; Johanson, Graeme

2007-01-01

430

Academic Achievement through FLES: A Case for Promoting Greater Access to Foreign Language Study among Young Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 established foreign languages as a core curricular content area; however, instructional emphasis continues to be placed on curricular areas that factor into state educational accountability programs. The present study explored whether foreign language study of first-year Grade 3 foreign language students who…

Taylor, Carolyn; Lafayette, Robert

2010-01-01

431

El Nino Theme Page: Access to Distributed Information on El Nino  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This concentrated, in-depth resource provides access to recent information on El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and La Nina in the Pacific Ocean, including data, graphics, forecasts, historical perspectives, in-depth analyses, prediction benefits, impacts on human life, and information on the 1997/1999 El Nino and La Nina events. Links to relevant data include Tropical Atmosphere Ocean Project (TAO) moored buoy data, XBT data, drifting buoy data, sea level field analyses, real-time data and analyses, satellite data, climate data, numerical model simulations and Ka'Imimoana shipboard data. The site also includes 3D animations and links to theme pages in Spanish, French, and Portuguese.

432

Moor: web access to end-to-end data flow information at ESO  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All ESO Science Operations teams operate on Observing Runs, loosely defined as blocks of observing time on a specific instrument. Observing Runs are submitted as part of an Observing Proposal and executed in Service or Visitor Mode. As an Observing Run progresses through its life-cycle, more and more information gets associated to it: Referee reports, feasibility and technical evaluations, constraints, pre-observation data, science and calibration frames, etc. The Manager of Observing Runs project (Moor) will develop a system to collect operational information in a database, offer integrated access to information stored in several independent databases, and allow HTML-based navigation over the whole information set. Some Moor services are also offered as extensions to, or complemented by, existing desktop applications.

Chavan, Alberto M.; Peron, Michèle; Anwunah, Judith; Canavan, Tim; Dorigo, Dario; Kornweibel, Nick; Sogni, Fabio

2004-09-01

433

Limitation on the Accessible Information for Quantum Channels with Inefficient Measurements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To transmit classical information using a quantum system, the sender prepares the system in one of a set of possible states and sends it to the receiver. The receiver then makes a measurement on the system to obtain information about the senders choice of state. The amount of information which is accessible to the receiver depends upon the encoding and the measurement. Here we derive a bound on this information which generalizes the bound derived by Schumacher, Westmoreland and Wootters [Schumacher, Westmoreland and Wootters, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 3452 (1996)] to include inefficient measurements, and thus all quantum operations. This also allows us to obtain a generalization of a bound derived by Hall [Hall, Phys. Rev. A 55, 100 (1997)], and to show that the average reduction in the von Neumann entropy which accompanies a measurement is concave in the initial state, for all quantum operations.

Jacobs, Kurt

2005-10-01

434

Autonomous Information Unit for Fine-Grain Data Access Control and Information Protection in a Net-Centric System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As communication and networking technologies advance, networks will become highly complex and heterogeneous, interconnecting different network domains. There is a need to provide user authentication and data protection in order to further facilitate critical mission operations, especially in the tactical and mission-critical net-centric networking environment. The Autonomous Information Unit (AIU) technology was designed to provide the fine-grain data access and user control in a net-centric system-testing environment to meet these objectives. The AIU is a fundamental capability designed to enable fine-grain data access and user control in the cross-domain networking environments, where an AIU is composed of the mission data, metadata, and policy. An AIU provides a mechanism to establish trust among deployed AIUs based on recombining shared secrets, authentication and verify users with a username, X.509 certificate, enclave information, and classification level. AIU achieves data protection through (1) splitting data into multiple information pieces using the Shamir's secret sharing algorithm, (2) encrypting each individual information piece using military-grade AES-256 encryption, and (3) randomizing the position of the encrypted data based on the unbiased and memory efficient in-place Fisher-Yates shuffle method. Therefore, it becomes virtually impossible for attackers to compromise data since attackers need to obtain all distributed information as well as the encryption key and the random seeds to properly arrange the data. In addition, since policy can be associated with data in the AIU, different user access and data control strategies can be included. The AIU technology can greatly enhance information assurance and security management in the bandwidth-limited and ad hoc net-centric environments. In addition, AIU technology can be applicable to general complex network domains and applications where distributed user authentication and data protection are necessary. AIU achieves fine-grain data access and user control, reducing the security risk significantly, simplifying the complexity of various security operations, and providing the high information assurance across different network domains.

Chow, Edward T.; Woo, Simon S.; James, Mark; Paloulian, George K.

2012-01-01

435

Access to a High Quality Education for English Language Learners. Information Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on teaching and learning indicates that all students should be provided with programs, services, and teachers that engage them in rigorous academic work and promote deep disciplinary knowledge and higher order thinking skills (Walqui, 2006; Sanders & Rivers, 1996). Despite research findings on the importance of high quality teachers and…

Mid-Atlantic Equity Center, 2009

2009-01-01

436

Availability and accuracy of medical record information on language usage of cancer patients from a multi-ethnic population  

PubMed Central

Background Documentation of language usage in medical settings could be effective in identifying and addressing language barriers and would improve understanding of health disparities. Methods This study evaluated the availability and accuracy of medical records information on language for 1,664 cancer patients likely to have poor English proficiency. Accuracy was assessed by comparison to language obtained from interview-based research studies. Results For patients diagnosed at facilities where information on language was not abstracted electronically, 81.6% had language information in their medical records, most often in admissions documents. For all 37 hospitals, agreement between medical records and interview language was 79.3% overall and was greater for those speaking English than another language. Conclusions Language information is widely available in hospital medical records of cancer patients. However, for the data to be useful for research and reducing language barriers in medical care, the information must be collected in a consistent and accurate manner.

McClure, Laura A.; Glaser, Sally L.; Shema, Sarah J.; Allen, Laura; Quesenberry, Charles; John, Esther M.; Gomez, Scarlett L.

2009-01-01

437

Availability and accuracy of medical record information on language usage of cancer patients from a multi-ethnic population.  

PubMed

Documentation of language usage in medical settings could be effective in identifying and addressing language barriers and would improve understanding of health disparities. This study evaluated the availability and accuracy of medical records information on language for 1,664 cancer patients likely to have poor English proficiency. Accuracy was assessed by comparison to language obtained from interview-based research studies. For patients diagnosed at facilities where information on language was not abstracted electronically, 81.6% had language information in their medical records, most often in admissions documents. For all 37 hospitals, agreement between medical records and interview language was 79.3% overall and was greater for those speaking English than another language. Language information is widely available in hospital medical records of cancer patients. However, for the data to be useful for research and reducing language barriers in medical care, the information must be collected in a consistent and accurate manner. PMID:19685187

McClure, Laura A; Glaser, Sally L; Shema, Sarah J; Allen, Laura; Quesenberry, Charles; John, Esther M; Gomez, Scarlett L

2010-08-01

438

Progress and challenges: implementation and use of health information technology among critical-access hospitals.  

PubMed

Despite major national investments to support the adoption of health information technology (IT), concerns persist that barriers are inhibiting that adoption and the use of advanced health IT capabilities in rural areas in particular. Using a survey of Medicare-certified critical-access hospitals, we examined electronic health record (EHR) adoption, key EHR functionalities, telehealth, and teleradiology, as well as challenges to EHR adoption. In 2013, 89 percent of critical-access hospitals had implemented a full or partial EHR. Adoption of key EHR capabilities varied. Critical-access hospitals that had certain types of technical assistance and resources available to support health IT were more likely to have adopted health IT capabilities and less likely to report significant challenges to EHR implementation and use, compared to other hospitals in the survey. It is important to ensure that the necessary resources and support are available to critical-access hospitals, especially those that operate independently, to assist them in adopting health IT and becoming able to electronically link to the broader health care system. PMID:25006155

Gabriel, Meghan Hufstader; Jones, Emily B; Samy, Leila; King, Jennifer

2014-07-01

439

Using Nearest Neighbor Information to Improve Cross-Language Text Classification  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cross-language text classification (CLTC) aims to take advantage of existing training data from one language to construct a classifier for another language. In addition to the expected translation issues, CLTC is also complicated by the cultural distance between both languages, which causes that documents belonging to the same category concern very different topics. This paper proposes a re-classification method which purpose is to reduce the errors caused by this phenomenon by considering information from the own target language documents. Experimental results in a news corpus considering three pairs of languages and four categories demonstrated the appropriateness of the proposed method, which could improve the initial classification accuracy by up to 11%.

Escobar-Acevedo, Adelina; Montes-Y-Gómez, Manuel; Villaseñor-Pineda, Luis

440

Accessibility Policy  

Cancer.gov

Accessibility The National Cancer Institute (NCI) is committed to providing access to all of its electronic materials, including this CD-ROM, to all individuals, including people with disabilities. To provide this information,

441

29 CFR 37.35 - What are a recipient's responsibilities to provide services and information in languages other...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...to provide services and information in languages other than English? 37.35 Section...to provide services and information in languages other than English? (a) A significant...may need services or information in a language other than English in order to be...

2013-07-01

442

AWARE: FACILITATING INFORMED CONSUMER PURCHASING DECISIONS THROUGH POINT-OF-SALE ACCESS TO PRODUCT SUSTAINABILITY INFORMATION  

EPA Science Inventory

There is a fundamental challenge to sustainability in designing an appropriate, practical, and flexible information system through which consumers can obtain and consider relevant environmental ramifications of the goods they purchase every day. Hence, the Aware concept is pr...

443

Accessing Gerontological Information and Literature: An Annotated Directory of Selected Information Vendors, Data Bases and Archives.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this directory is twofold. First, it introduces program-on-aging staff and other human services professionals to the major aging-related computerized data resources. Second, it provides ancillary support to the NASUA Information Systems Tra...

F. J. De Jong

1982-01-01

444

Perceived Barriers to Information Access Among Medical Residents in Iran: Obstacles to Answering Clinical Queries in Settings with Limited Internet Accessibility  

PubMed Central

Studies performed in the US and other Western countries have documented that physicians generate many clinical questions during a typical day and rely on various information sources for answers. Little is known about the information seeking behaviors of physicians practicing in other countries, particularly those with limited Internet connectivity. We conducted this study to document the perceived barriers to information resources used by medical residents in Iran. Our findings reveal that different perceived barriers exist for electronic versus paper-based resources. Notably, paper-based resources are perceived to be limited by resident time-constraints and availability of resources, whereas electronic resources are limited by cost decentralized resources (such as PDAs) and accessibility of centralized, Internet access. These findings add to the limited literature regarding health information-seeking activities in international healthcare settings, particularly those with limited Internet connectivity, and will supplement future studies of and interventions in such settings.

Mazloomdoost, Danesh; Mehregan, Shervineh; Mahmoudi, Hilda; Soltani, Akbar; Embi, Peter J.

2007-01-01

445

A progressive query language and interactive reasoner for information fusion support  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous approaches in query processing do not consider queries to automatically combine results obtained from different informa- tion sources, i.e. they do not support information fusion. In this work, an approach for information fusion using a progressive query language and an interactive reasoner is for this reason introduced. The system basically consists of a query processor with fusion capa- bility

Shi-kuo Chang; Erland Jungert; Xin Li

2007-01-01

446

Design of a Modelling Language for Information System Security Risk Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract—Nowadays, security has become one of the most demanded characteristics of information systems. However, the ways to address information systems securitystill lack consensus and integration. On the one hand, researchers have extended various modelling languages and methods with security-oriented constructs in order to ,take security concerns into account throughout the development lifecycle. On the other hand, practitioners have developed risk

Nicolas Mayer; Patrick Heymans; Raimundas Matulevicius

2007-01-01

447

Using XACML for Embedded and Fine-Grained Access Control Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

XACML (extensible access control markup language) is an access control policy language standardized by the OASIS (Organization for Advancement of Structured Information Standards). We have extended the standard XACML languages and processing models to allow the access control policies be embedded with digital content in the same XACML-like document. The original content can be further divided into multiple parts, each

George Hsieh; Keith Foster; Gerald Emamali; Gregory Patrick; Lisa M. Marvel

2009-01-01

448

How Do Adolescents Access Health Information? And Do They Ask Their Physicians?  

PubMed Central

Objective: To improve understanding about how high school students use electronic tools to obtain health information and how this information affects their behavior. Design/Methods: Using a cross-sectional design, we administered an anonymous survey to high school students in grades 9 through 12 at a single private Catholic high school, inquiring about their use of electronic tools to obtain health information, topics of interest, sources used to obtain information, and modifications in their behavior based on that information. Descriptive statistics and multivariate analysis of variance were used to compare trends across grade levels. Results: Of 705 students enrolled, 24.7% were either absent or chose not to participate in the survey. Of the remaining 531 students, 497 completed the surveys, for a response rate of 70.5% (497 of 705) and a participation rate of 93.6% (497 of 531). All students were comfortable using the Internet, and >90% used it at home and in school. Access to broadband applications averaged 95% at home and 80% at school. A significant proportion (0.66; p < 0.0001) of students reported that they trusted the information found online, and 22% (not significant) modified their behavior on the basis of the information they found. Forty-two percent searched for general health information, and 43% investigated specific medical conditions or disease states. Topics related to skin were researched significantly more than nutrition, birth control, and sexually transmitted diseases. Although a significant number of students (p < 0.05) reported conducting e-mail conversations related to health topics with their teachers, <5% had e-mail communications with physicians. Conclusions: These data indicate that most high school students used the Internet and broadband applications at school and at home as resources for health care information. A significant number of students trusted the online information, and at nearly one-quarter subsequently modified their behavior. Students conducted e-mail conversations with teachers about health-related topics, but few students used this tool to communicate with their physicians. This information raises questions about design and implementation of strategies to provide adolescents access to appropriate health care information, including that provided by physicians.

Ettel, George; Nathanson, Ian; Ettel, Donna; Wilson, Christine; Meola, Paul

2012-01-01

449

Remote access to anatomical information: an integration between semantic knowledge and visual data.  

PubMed

A novel internet-based application is presented which provides access to anatomy knowledge through symbolic modality expressed by keywords taken from controlled or non-controlled terminology. The system is based on a database where anatomical concepts have been organized into a hierarchical framework. Along with term queries that allow retrieving concepts containing or exactly matching the used keyword, the system also provides semantic access to anatomical information. Queries can be setup, which retrieve concepts relying to a particular meaning and sharing a particular relationship. Moreover, the application has the capability to refine the search of the terms by querying the UMLS knowledge server. Anatomical image data have been integrated by using Visible Human Dataset. A set of these images has been indexed according to our anatomical classification and is used inside the application. The system has been implemented through Java client-server technology and works within standard Internet browsers. PMID:11079858

Cerveri, P; Masseroli, M; Pinciroli, F

2000-01-01

450

Does internet reporting improve the accessibility of financial information in a global world? A comparative study of New Zealand and Indian companies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The accessibility of business reporting, including financial reports on company websites is not necessarily increased by providing more information on websites. The quality of Internet-based information is affected by both the accessibility and quantity of information provided. However, the accessibility of the information is an under researched area. This paper contributes to the existing body of knowledge on web-based business

B. Chatterjee; L. Hawkes

2008-01-01

451

Access to Information Sources and Treatment Considerations among Men with Local Stage Prostate Cancer  

PubMed Central

Objectives Men with local stage prostate cancer have access to a large number of information sources about therapy, including print and broadcast media, the Internet, books, and friends with the disease. The purpose of this evaluation is to determine the role that information sources play in the treatment decision process. Methods Prospective survey of men in three geographically separate regions with local stage prostate cancer. Most men were surveyed following diagnosis but prior to starting therapy. Results On average, men consulted nearly five separate sources of information prior to treatment. The most common source of information was the patient’s physician (97%), followed by lay-literature (pamphlets, videos) (76%), other health professionals (71%), friends with prostate cancer (67%), and the Internet (58%). Most men rated the sources they consulted as helpful. Consulting the Internet was associated with considering more treatment options. Several information sources were significantly associated with considering particular treatments, but the magnitude of association was small in relation to patient age, comorbidity, and Gleason score. More than 70% of men stated they were considering or planning only one type of therapy. Conclusions Men with local stage prostate cancer consult a wide range of information sources. Non-physician information sources appear to influence their treatment considerations, but to a smaller degree than clinical factors.

Ramsey, Scott D.; Zeliadt, Steven B.; Arora, Neeraj K.; Potosky, Arnold L.; Blough, David K.; Hamilton, Ann S.; Van Den Eeden, Stephen K.; Oakley-Girvan, Ingrid; Penson, David F.

2009-01-01

452

Based on asynchronous communication protocol of geographic space information service access mechanism research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At present, the traditional way of accessing to classified network in geographic spatial information services is using network gatekeeper and firewall etc. to ensure public and classified network communications links. However, the physical isolation between classified network and public network is crossed, which is bound to cause classified network potential security hazard. In Yunnan province space Land dynamic monitoring integration project, it proposed the point to point text message communication protocol and asynchronous transmission mechanism. Using geo-spatial information encryption processing and data compression processing method, it reduced the risk of data sensitivity and monitored, namely to ensure data security, which realized geographic spatial information services data communication effectively between classified network and public network in the rigid field conditions.

Chen, G.; Zhao, J.; Gu, M.; Li, D.

2014-04-01

453

Web Content Accessibility of Consumer Health Information Web Sites for People with Disabilities: A Cross Sectional Evaluation  

PubMed Central

Background The World Wide Web (WWW) has become an increasingly essential resource for health information consumers. The ability to obtain accurate medical information online quickly, conveniently and privately provides health consumers with the opportunity to make informed decisions and participate actively in their personal care. Little is known, however, about whether the content of this online health information is equally accessible to people with disabilities who must rely on special devices or technologies to process online information due to their visual, hearing, mobility, or cognitive limitations. Objective To construct a framework for an automated Web accessibility evaluation; to evaluate the state of accessibility of consumer health information Web sites; and to investigate the possible relationships between accessibility and other features of the Web sites, including function, popularity and importance. Methods We carried out a cross-sectional study of the state of accessibility of health information Web sites to people with disabilities. We selected 108 consumer health information Web sites from the directory service of a Web search engine. A measurement framework was constructed to automatically measure the level of Web Accessibility Barriers (WAB) of Web sites following Web accessibility specifications. We investigated whether there was a difference between WAB scores across various functional categories of the Web sites, and also evaluated the correlation between the WAB and Alexa traffic rank and Google Page Rank of the Web sites. Results We found that none of the Web sites we looked at are completely accessible to people with disabilities, i.e., there were no sites that had no violation of Web accessibility rules. However, governmental and educational health information Web sites do exhibit better Web accessibility than the other categories of Web sites (P < 0.001). We also found that the correlation between the WAB score and the popularity of a Web site is statistically significant (r = 0.28, P < 0.05), although there is no correlation between the WAB score and the importance of the Web sites (r = 0.15, P = 0.111). Conclusions Evaluation of health information Web sites shows that no Web site scrupulously abides by Web accessibility specifications, even for entities mandated under relevant laws and regulations. Government and education Web sites show better performance than Web sites among other categories. Accessibility of a Web site may have a positive impact on its popularity in general. However, the Web accessibility of a Web site may not have a significant relationship with its importance on the Web.

Parmanto, Bambang

2004-01-01

454

MO/DSD online information server and global information repository access  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Often in the past, standards and new technology information have been available only in hardcopy form, with reproduction and mailing costs proving rather significant. In light of NASA's current budget constraints and in the interest of efficient communications, the Mission Operations and Data Systems Directorate (MO&DSD) New Technology and Data Standards Office recognizes the need for an online information server (OLIS). This server would allow: (1) dissemination of standards and new technology information throughout the Directorate more quickly and economically; (2) online browsing and retrieval of documents that have been published for and by MO&DSD; and (3) searching for current and past study activities on related topics within NASA before issuing a task. This paper explores a variety of available information servers and searching tools, their current capabilities and limitations, and the application of these tools to MO&DSD. Most importantly, the discussion focuses on the way this concept could be easily applied toward improving dissemination of standards and new technologies and improving documentation processes.

Nguyen, Diem; Ghaffarian, Kam; Hogie, Keith; Mackey, William

1994-01-01

455

The Human Genome Project: Information access, management, and regulation. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The Human Genome Project is a large, internationally coordinated effort in biological research directed at creating a detailed map of human DNA. This report describes the access of information, management, and regulation of the project. The project led to the development of an instructional module titled The Human Genome Project: Biology, Computers, and Privacy, designed for use in high school biology classes. The module consists of print materials and both Macintosh and Windows versions of related computer software-Appendix A contains a copy of the print materials and discs containing the two versions of the software.

McInerney, J.D.; Micikas, L.B.

1996-08-31

456

US Geoscience Information Network, Web Services for Geoscience Information Discovery and Access  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The US Geoscience information network has developed metadata profiles for interoperable catalog services based on ISO19139 and the OGC CSW 2.0.2. Currently data services are being deployed for the US Dept. of Energy-funded National Geothermal Data System. These services utilize OGC Web Map Services, Web Feature Services, and THREDDS-served NetCDF for gridded datasets. Services and underlying datasets (along with a wide variety of other information and non information resources are registered in the catalog system. Metadata for registration is produced by various workflows, including harvest from OGC capabilities documents, Drupal-based web applications, transformation from tabular compilations. Catalog search is implemented using the ESRI Geoportal open-source server. We are pursuing various client applications to demonstrated discovery and utilization of the data services. Currently operational applications allow catalog search and data acquisition from map services in an ESRI ArcMap extension, a catalog browse and search application built on openlayers and Django. We are developing use cases and requirements for other applications to utilize geothermal data services for resource exploration and evaluation.

Richard, S.; Allison, L.; Clark, R.; Coleman, C.; Chen, G.

2012-04-01

457

Dialog with black box: using Information Theory to study animal language behaviour  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this review, three main experimental approaches for studying animal language behaviour are compared: (1) direct decoding\\u000a of animals’ communication, (2) the use of intermediary languages to communicate with animals and (3) application of ideas\\u000a and methods of the Information Theory for studying quantitative characteristics of animal communication. Each of the three\\u000a methodological approaches has its specific power and specific

Zhanna Reznikova

2007-01-01

458

p-BioSPRE-an information and communication technology framework for transnational biomaterial sharing and access.  

PubMed

Biobanks represent key resources for clinico-genomic research and are needed to pave the way to personalised medicine. To achieve this goal, it is crucial that scientists can securely access and share high-quality biomaterial and related data. Therefore, there is a growing interest in integrating biobanks into larger biomedical information and communication technology (ICT) infrastructures. The European project p-medicine is currently building an innovative ICT infrastructure to meet this need. This platform provides tools and services for conducting research and clinical trials in personalised medicine. In this paper, we describe one of its main components, the biobank access framework p-BioSPRE (p-medicine Biospecimen Search and Project Request Engine). This generic framework enables and simplifies access to existing biobanks, but also to offer own biomaterial collections to research communities, and to manage biobank specimens and related clinical data over the ObTiMA Trial Biomaterial Manager. p-BioSPRE takes into consideration all relevant ethical and legal standards, e.g., safeguarding donors' personal rights and enabling biobanks to keep control over the donated material and related data. The framework thus enables secure sharing of biomaterial within open and closed research communities, while flexibly integrating related clinical and omics data. Although the development of the framework is mainly driven by user scenarios from the cancer domain, in this case, acute lymphoblastic leukaemia and Wilms tumour, it can be extended to further disease entities. PMID:24567758

Weiler, Gabriele; Schröder, Christina; Schera, Fatima; Dobkowicz, Matthias; Kiefer, Stephan; Heidtke, Karsten R; Hänold, Stefanie; Nwankwo, Iheanyi; Forgó, Nikolaus; Stanulla, Martin; Eckert, Cornelia; Graf, Norbert

2014-01-01

459

Identifying strategies to improve access to credible and relevant information for public health professionals: a qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Background Movement towards evidence-based practices in many fields suggests that public health (PH) challenges may be better addressed if credible information about health risks and effective PH practices is readily available. However, research has shown that many PH information needs are unmet. In addition to reviewing relevant literature, this study performed a comprehensive review of existing information resources and collected data from two representative PH groups, focusing on identifying current practices, expressed information needs, and ideal systems for information access. Methods Nineteen individual interviews were conducted among employees of two domains in a state health department – communicable disease control and community health promotion. Subsequent focus groups gathered additional data on preferences for methods of information access and delivery as well as information format and content. Qualitative methods were used to identify themes in the interview and focus group transcripts. Results Informants expressed similar needs for improved information access including single portal access with a good search engine; automatic notification regarding newly available information; access to best practice information in many areas of interest that extend beyond biomedical subject matter; improved access to grey literature as well as to more systematic reviews, summaries, and full-text articles; better methods for indexing, filtering, and searching for information; and effective ways to archive information accessed. Informants expressed a preference for improving systems with which they were already familiar such as PubMed and listservs rather than introducing new systems of information organization and delivery. A hypothetical ideal model for information organization and delivery was developed based on informants' stated information needs and preferred means of delivery. Features of the model were endorsed by the subjects who reviewed it. Conclusion Many critical information needs of PH practitioners are not being met efficiently or at all. We propose a dual strategy of: 1) promoting incremental improvements in existing information delivery systems based on the expressed preferences of the PH users of the systems and 2) the concurrent development and rigorous evaluation of new models of information organization and delivery that draw on successful resources already operating to deliver information to clinical medical practitioners.

LaPelle, Nancy R; Luckmann, Roger; Simpson, E Hatheway; Martin, Elaine R

2006-01-01

460

36 CFR 1256.22 - How do I request access to restricted information in Federal archival records?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Federal archival records? (a) You may file a FOIA request. To request access under...Availability and Use of Federal Records. (b) For classified information in Federal records, you may file a FOIA request or a mandatory review...

2013-07-01

461

The feasibility of using natural language processing to extract clinical information from breast pathology reports  

PubMed Central

Objective: The opportunity to integrate clinical decision support systems into clinical practice is limited due to the lack of structured, machine readable data in the current format of the electronic health record. Natural language processing has been designed to convert free text into machine readable data. The aim of the current study was to ascertain the feasibility of using natural language processing to extract clinical information from >76,000 breast pathology reports. Approach and Procedure: Breast pathology reports from three institutions were analyzed using natural language processing software (Clearforest, Waltham, MA) to extract information on a variety of pathologic diagnoses of interest. Data tables were created from the extracted information according to date of surgery, side of surgery, and medical record number. The variety of ways in which each diagnosis could be represented was recorded, as a means of demonstrating the complexity of machine interpretation of free text. Results: There was widespread variation in how pathologists reported common pathologic diagnoses. We report, for example, 124 ways of saying invasive ductal carcinoma and 95 ways of saying invasive lobular carcinoma. There were >4000 ways of saying invasive ductal carcinoma was not present. Natural language processor sensitivity and specificity were 99.1% and 96.5% when compared to expert human coders. Conclusion: We have demonstrated how a large body of free text medical information such as seen in breast pathology reports, can be converted to a machine readable format using natural language processing, and described the inherent complexities of the task.

Buckley, Julliette M.; Coopey, Suzanne B.; Sharko, John; Polubriaginof, Fernanda; Drohan, Brian; Belli, Ahmet K.; Kim, Elizabeth M. H.; Garber, Judy E.; Smith, Barbara L.; Gadd, Michele A.; Specht, Michelle C.; Roche, Constance A.; Gudewicz, Thomas M.; Hughes, Kevin S.

2012-01-01

462

Semantic Facilitation and Semantic Interference in Language Production: Further Evidence for the Conceptual Selection Model of Lexical Access  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Bloem and La Heij (2003) reported that in a word-translation task context words induce semantic interference whereas context pictures induce semantic facilitation. This finding was accounted for by a model of lexical access in which: (a) semantic facilitation is localized at the conceptual level, (b) semantic interference is localized at the…

Bloem, Ineke; van den Boogaard, Sylvia; Heij, Wido La

2004-01-01

463

Are root letters compulsory for lexical access in Semitic languages? The case of masked form-priming in Arabic.  

PubMed

Do Semitic and Indo-European languages differ at a qualitative level? Recently, it has been claimed that lexical space in Semitic languages (e.g., Hebrew, Arabic) is mainly determined by morphological constraints, while lexical space in Indo-European languages is mainly determined by orthographic constraints (Frost, Kugler, Deutsch, & Forster, 2005). One of the key findings supporting the qualitative difference between Semitic and Indo-European languages is the absence of masked form priming in Hebrew/Arabic with productive words. Here we examined whether masked form priming occurs in Arabic words when one of the letters from the productive root is replaced in the prime stimulus by another letter. Results showed a significant masked form priming effect with the lexical decision task in three experiments (including yes/no, go/no-go, and sandwich priming), to a similar degree to that reported in previous research with Indo-European languages. These data support the view that the processing of word forms in Semitic vs. Indo-European languages differs more at a quantitative than at a qualitative level. PMID:24954309

Perea, Manuel; Mallouh, Reem Abu; Carreiras, Manuel

2014-09-01

464

Beyond information access: Support for complex cognitive activities in public health informatics tools  

PubMed Central

Public health professionals work with a variety of information sources to carry out their everyday activities. In recent years, interactive computational tools have become deeply embedded in such activities. Unlike the early days of computational tool use, the potential of tools nowadays is not limited to simply providing access to information; rather, they can act as powerful mediators of human-information discourse, enabling rich interaction with public health information. If public health informatics tools are designed and used properly, they can facilitate, enhance, and support the performance of complex cognitive activities that are essential to public health informatics, such as problem solving, forecasting, sense-making, and planning. However, the effective design and evaluation of public health informatics tools requires an understanding of the cognitive and perceptual issues pertaining to how humans work and think with information to perform such activities. This paper draws on research that has examined some of the relevant issues, including interaction design, complex cognition, and visual representations, to offer some human-centered design and evaluation considerations for public health informatics tools.

Sedig, Kamran; Parsons, Paul; Dittmer, Mark; Ola, Oluwakemi

2012-01-01

465

76 FR 68518 - Request for Information: Public Access to Peer-Reviewed Scholarly Publications Resulting From...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Access to Peer-Reviewed Scholarly Publications Resulting From Federally Funded Research...access to the peer-reviewed scholarly publications that result from federally funded scientific...Force on Public Access to Scholarly Publications. Release Date: November 3,...

2011-11-04

466

76 FR 80418 - Request for Information: Public Access to Peer-Reviewed Scholarly Publications Resulting From...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Access to Peer-Reviewed Scholarly Publications Resulting From Federally Funded Research...access to the peer-reviewed scholarly publications that result from federally funded scientific...Force on Public Access to Scholarly Publications. Release Date: November 3,...

2011-12-23

467

78 FR 77715 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Access to...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Access to Employee Exposure and Medical Records ACTION: Notice...Access to Employee Exposure and Medical Records'' to the Office of Management...Access to Employee Exposure and Medical Records. OMB Control Number:...

2013-12-24

468

Frequency-hopped multiple access communications with coding and side information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The authors consider frequency-hopped spread-spectrum multiple-access communications using M-ary modulation and error-correction coding. The major concerns are multiple-access interference and the network capacity in terms of the number of users that can transmit simultaneously for a given level of codeword error probability. Block coding is studied in detail. The authors first consider the use of Q-ary Reed-Solomon (RS) codes in combination with M-ary modulation with mismatched alphabets so that Q is greater than M. It is shown that the network capacity is drastically reduced in comparison with the system with matched alphabets. As a remedy, the use of matched M-ary BCH codes is proposed as an alternative to mismatched RS codes. It is shown that when the number of users in the system is large, a BCH code outperforms an RX code with a comparable code rate and decoding complexity. The authors consider the use of a robust technique for generation of reliable side information based on a ratio-threshold test. They analyze its performance in conjunction with MFSK and error-erasure correction decoding. It is shown that this nonideal ratio-threshold method can increase the network capacity in comparison with the system with perfect side information.

Wang, Qiang; Chao, Yuying

1992-02-01

469

Relationships among durum wheat accessions. II. A comparison of molecular and pedigree information.  

PubMed

The study of direct ancestry relationships provides information with which to determine essential derivation. SSR profiles were used to determine the pattern of relatedness among 134 durum wheat accessions, representing the most important modern durum wheat gene pools. Simple sequence repeat (SSR)- and amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP)-based genetic similarities among cultivars with accurate pedigrees were compared with pedigree-based coefficients of parentage. Sizeable departures of molecular similarities from the expected ones were observed, indicating the unreliability of inferring the pattern of genetic relatedness from the coefficient of parentage. Case studies consisting of parent-progeny cultivar trios and pairs, identified on the basis of their registered pedigree, were studied to evaluate the probability of ancestry of each progeny cultivar, compared with all the remaining accessions. Rare alleles and haplotype sharing were also explored. When the results did not agree with the registered parentages, SSR markers provided information with which to identify the most probable parents (or the corresponding "breeding lineages") in the collection. PMID:17546097

Maccaferri, M; Sanguineti, M C; Xie, C; Smith, J S C; Tuberosa, R

2007-04-01

470

Europlanet-RI: Access to Planetary Data, Tools, Models and Support Information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During the past three years the Europlanet Research Infrastructure consortium with financial support from the EU's 7th framework program has developed a wide range of tools to support all aspects of planetary research. During the final year of the project these are being integrated into the "Integrated and Distributed Information Service IDIS" [1]. The challenge is the diversity of research fields involved in planetary research, each with its own way of collecting and archiving data and publishing its results. Nevertheless the results of one field are needed by others to be able to correctly interpret their observations, and to design new kinds of measurements to advance our knowledge of the Solar system. The IDIS team in close cooperation with the efforts of the International Planetary Data Alliance (IPDA) has developed a data model which allows the registration of a wide range of data sources including the results from modelling efforts thereby providing Virtual Observatory (IDIS-VO) [2,3] services for the community to register and access data from planetary data centres, laboratory measurements, spectral- and molecular data bases and simulations. Once a data set from any of these sources is registered with IDIS, it can be accessed, its used archive format translated into a compatible internal format and combined with other data using the visualization tools developed in connection with IDIS. Tools to calculate ephemeris data for a wide range of solar system bodies, to visualize their locations or identify them from existing images can be found as well as interactive tools to evaluate chemical reaction paths, spectral information from gas or solids or the mapping of planetary surfaces. Additionally information about ground observation possibilities, test facilities, laboratories, research institutes and scientists with detailed contact information is made available to the user. For the developers of new space instruments and operators of active missions support information is collected in the data access system of IDIS. By the end of the project in 2012 data from most planetary missions can be accessed, combined and correlated with spectral data bases for atmospheric gases and solids, laboratory measurements related to space observations and the results of model runs simulating the observations of different parameters around and at planets under various boundary conditions. The VO-structure will allow the access to these data through graphical interfaces including optimized visualization tools or alternatively through a command interface for further integration into other applications. Reference: [1] Details to IDIS and the Europlanet-RI via Web-site: http://www.idis.europlanet-ri.eu/ [2] Demonstrator implementation for Plasma-VO AMDA: http://cdpp-amda.cesr.fr/DDHTML/index.html [3] Demonstrator implementation for the IDIS-VO: http://www.idis-dyn.europlanet-ri.eu/vodev.shtml

Schmidt, W.; Capria, M. T.; Chanteur, G.

2012-04-01

471

Universal Design for Learning: speech-language pathologists and their teams making the common core curriculum accessible.  

PubMed

The Universal Design for Learning (UDL) framework was named in the supporting documents for the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) as a means of helping all students, especially those with disabilities, to meet and exceed the rigorous expectations. This article will describe the principles of UDL, show how educational teams use the framework to design instruction to teach the CCSS with examples from science and English language arts, and finally explore how the implementation of UDL provides an opportunity for speech-language pathologists to play a critical role in school improvement and instructional design and support. PMID:22538708

Staskowski, Maureen; Hardin, Susan; Klein, Mike; Wozniak, Carrie

2012-05-01

472

Web Accessibility and Accessibility Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Section 508 of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) mandates that programs and services be accessible to people with disabilities. While schools of library and information science (SLIS*) and university libraries should model accessible Web sites, this may not be the case. This article examines previous studies about the Web accessibility of…

Green, Ravonne A.; Huprich, Julia

2009-01-01

473

Verbal working memory and language production: Common approaches to the serial ordering of verbal information.  

PubMed

Verbal working memory (WM) tasks typically involve the language production architecture for recall; however, language production processes have had a minimal role in theorizing about WM. A framework for understanding verbal WM results is presented here. In this framework, domain-specific mechanisms for serial ordering in verbal WM are provided by the language production architecture, in which positional, lexical, and phonological similarity constraints are highly similar to those identified in the WM literature. These behavioral similarities are paralleled in computational modeling of serial ordering in both fields. The role of long-term learning in serial ordering performance is emphasized, in contrast to some models of verbal WM. Classic WM findings are discussed in terms of the language production architecture. The integration of principles from both fields illuminates the maintenance and ordering mechanisms for verbal information. PMID:19210053

Acheson, Daniel J; MacDonald, Maryellen C

2009-01-01

474

INFORMATION, STANDARDS, AND SPECIFICATIONS FOR EQUIPMENT, MATERIALS, AND MINOR REMODELING FOR MODERN FOREIGN LANGUAGES (REVISED).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE INFORMATION INCLUDED IN THIS VERY DETAILED DOCUMENT IS INTENDED FOR TEACHERS AND ADMINISTRATORS PLANNING AND IMPLEMENTING PROGRAMS TO IMPROVE FOREIGN LANGUAGE INSTRUCTION. THE SPECIFICATIONS PRESENTED ARE MINIMUM, BUT THEY MEET THE REQUIREMENTS UNDER THE PROVISIONS OF TITLE III, NDEA. THE FIRST PART OUTLINES PROCEDURES FOR THE SELECTION AND…

Illinois State Office of the Superintendent of Public Instruction, Springfield.

475

Kalamazoo Area Resource Guide: Services, Support, and Information for Disorders of Speech, Language and Hearing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Directory of services for speech, language, and hearing in the Kalamazoo, Michigan, area. This resource guide is designed as a comprehensive reference tool and a source of general information regarding organizations or agencies which may be helpful for educational or referral purposes. The initial section of the guide lists services and support systems that encompass a broad range of general

Sarah J. DeWeese; Anne Marie VanSlambrouck

2000-01-01

476

Information Literacy for Speech-Language Pathologists: A Key to Evidence-Based Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: In this tutorial, we review the tenets of information literacy (IL) that parallel and intersect with new American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) certification standards requiring clinicians to engage in evidence-based practice (EBP). Method: A review of the literature on EBP in medical and allied health areas was conducted…

Nail-Chiwetalu, Barbara J.; Ratner, Nan Bernstein

2006-01-01

477

A Comparison between the Information-Processing and the Analysis/Control Approaches to Language Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main difference between the information-processing and Bialystok's Analysis/Control framework for first and second language learning is in their focus. The latter is equipped mainly to account for performance differences on metalinguistic tasks, while the former accounts for construction and reconstruction of implicit and explicit mental…

Hulstijn, Jan

1990-01-01

478

Made in America: An Informal History of the English Language in the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Claiming that understanding the social context in which words are formed is necessary to appreciate the richness and vitality of language, this book presents an informal, discursive examination of how and why American speech came to be the way it is, and in particular where the words came from. The book follows a roughly chronological format from…

Bryson, Bill

479

Evaluation of the Bible as a resource for cross-language information retrieval  

Microsoft Academic Search

An area of recent interest in cross- language information retrieval (CLIR) is the question of which parallel corpora might be best suited to tasks in CLIR, or even to what extent parallel corpora can be obtained or are necessary. One pro- posal, which in our opinion has been somewhat overlooked, is that the Bible holds a unique value as a

Jonathan T. McClain; Travis L. Bauer; Peter A. Chew; Stephen J. Verzi

2006-01-01

480

A Knowledge Representation Language for Large Knowledge Bases and "Intelligent" Information Retrieval Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a conceptual Knowledge Representation Language (KRL) developed at the French National Center for Scientific Research, that is used for the construction and use of Large Knowledge Bases (LKBs) and/or Intelligent Information Retrieval Systems (IIRSs). Semantic factors are discussed, and the specialization hierarchies used are explained.…

Zarri, Gian Piero

1990-01-01

481

Technology for supporting web information search and learning in Sign Language  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sign Languages (SL) are underrepresented in the digital world, which contributes to the digital divide for the Deaf Community. In this paper, our goal is twofold: (1) to review the implications of current SL generation technologies for two key user web tasks, information search and learning and (2) to propose a taxonomy of the technical and functional dimensions for categorizing

Inmaculada Fajardo; Markel Vigo; Ladislao Salmerón

2009-01-01

482

NLPIR: A Theoretical Framework for Applying Natural Language Processing to Information Retrieval.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proposes a theoretical framework called NLPIR that integrates natural language processing (NLP) into information retrieval (IR) based on the assumption that there exists representation distance between queries and documents. Discusses problems in traditional keyword-based IR, including relevance, and describes some existing NLP techniques.…

Zhou, Lina; Zhang, Dongsong

2003-01-01

483

An Evaluation of Help Mechanisms in Natural Language Information Retrieval Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluates the current state of natural language processing information retrieval systems from the user's point of view, focusing on the structure and components of the systems' help mechanisms. Topics include user/system interaction; semantic parsing; syntactic parsing; semantic mapping; and concept matching. (Author/LRW)

Kreymer, Oleg

2002-01-01

484

Overcoming the Language Barrier. Third European Congress on Information Systems and Networks, Vol. 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The papers presented here have a double objective: to give those responsible for the Action plan for the improvement of information transfer between European languages a good view of existing and developing systems and to make future users of EURONET acquainted with methods and tools that will soon be available. The papers are arranged under six…

Commission des Communautes Europeennes (Luxembourg).

485

Beyond Domain-Independence: Experience With the Development of a German Language Access System to Highly Diverse Background Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

For natural language dialog systems, going beyond domain independence means the attempt to create a core system that can serve as a basis for interfaces to various application classes that differ not only with respect to the domain of discourse but also with respect to dialog type, user type, intended system behavior, and background system. In the design and implementation

Wolfgang Hoeppner; Thomas Christaller; Heinz Marburger; Katharina Morik; Bernhard Nebel; Mike O'leary; Wolfgang Wahlster

1983-01-01

486

Language Abilities in Children with Autism and Language Impairment: Using Narrative as a Additional Source of Clinical Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and Specific Language Impairment (SLI) are disorders of communication that are sometimes thought to show similar structural language difficulties. Recent research has even suggested that they might be aetiologically related. However, it may be that standardized language tasks are not sensitive enough to detect…

Manolitsi, Maria; Botting, Nicola

2011-01-01

487

New Zealand Seismographic Information Service --- Enhanced Access to Seismographic Data for Research and Teaching  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We are developing web services that facilitate rapid access to New Zealand's seismographic data via the high-speed Kiwi Advanced Research and Education Network (KAREN) to facilitate research and teaching in New Zealand and internationally. Currently, approximately 3.5 GB of continuous broad-band seismographic data --- as well as strong-motion records, geodetic deformation measurements, and volcano and tsunami data --- are collected and archived daily by the GeoNet geophysical monitoring network. These data are increasingly used by educators and researchers around the world. Current requests for seismographic data are handled by an email-based system, "AutoDRM", which does not integrate well with modern cyber- infrastructure or data demands: the system does not readily cope with large data requests such as "give me a year's data from every station in the network, please", and has a limited range of output formats. The new Seismographic Information Service is based on a flexible, service-oriented architecture and standards-based web services. It provides access to archived seismographic data in a range of output formats and waveform durations. Within New Zealand, the data are transmitted over the KAREN network at rates of up to 10 gigabits per second. As part of an ongoing ambient noise correlation tomographic study of the New Zealand plate boundary, these services are being integrated with grid-based computational workflow models to allow large-scale distributed data processing (deconvolution) and cross-correlation.

Grimwood, P.; Behr, Y.; Townend, J.; Hine, J.; Savage, M.

2008-12-01

488

Information and pragmatic value-adding: Language games and information science  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses terms which are of mutual importance to the fields of information science and computer science. Specifically we discuss the notions of information and knowledge: their interrelationships as well as their differences, and the concept of value-adding. Concrete examples are used in the discussion.

Rainer Kuhlen

1991-01-01

489

Hand-held digital books in radiology: convenient access to information.  

PubMed

Radiologists need constant, convenient access to current information throughout the course of their daily work. Today most learning in radiology is obtained from the printed word in books, journals, and teaching files, supplemented by the spoken word in lectures and conferences. Although learning from printed material and lectures has been proved efficacious over time, these media share the disadvantage of not being conveniently available for reference during the course of daily work at the alternator or in the examination room when accurate and up-to-date information is needed the most. As a result, many important questions about patient care go unanswered. We have developed a technique--hand-held digital books--to lower this barrier to searching and retrieval. When radiologists have a digital library that can be carried with them, they will be able to incorporate current radiology information into their daily decision making. We describe a technique for creating hand-held digital books and their future use in radiology. PMID:7839994

D'Alessandro, M P; Galvin, J R; Santer, D M; Erkonen, W E

1995-02-01

490

Harm reduction, human rights, and access to information on safer abortion.  

PubMed

A harm reduction and human rights approach, grounded in the principles of neutrality, humanism, and pragmatism, supports women's access to information on the safer self- use of misoprostol in diverse legal settings. Neutrality refers to a focus on the risks and harms of abortion rather than its legal or moral status. Humanism refers to the entitlement of all women to care and concern for their lives and health, to be treated with respect, worth, and dignity, and to the empowerment of women to participate in decision-making and political action. Pragmatism accepts the historical reality that women will engage in unsafe abortion, including self-induction, while addressing factors that render them vulnerable to this reality, and requires assessment of interventions to reduce abortion-related harms on evidence of their real rather than intended effect. Criminal law reform is a necessary conclusion to a harm reduction and human rights approach. PMID:22608022

Erdman, Joanna N

2012-07-01

491

Lack of information and access to advanced treatment for Parkinson's disease patients  

PubMed Central

Background Parkinson’s disease (PD) patients’ own knowledge and experience and access to information, in relation to advanced treatment methods, are very limited. The aim of this study was to map out PD patients’ perception about various advanced treatment methods, their availability and regional differences in medical care, and to investigate patients’ experience of their medication and quality of life. Methods A survey was sent to 4886 PD patients of the Swedish Parkinson’s Disease Association covering demography, the patient’s illness, current treatment, received information about advanced treatment alternatives, and health status. Advanced PD was considered as patients diagnosed >5 years ago, using PD medication >5 times/day, and experiencing motor complications >2 hours/day. Results In total, 3327/4886 persons (68%) responded (57% men) of which 1300 (39%) were classified as having advanced PD. Mean age was 71 years with a median disease duration of 8 years. The treating physician was a neurologist (86%) but varied between counties (96% to 52%) and was most frequent in urban areas. Doctor appointments were 1.7 times/year with regional variation (2.1 to 1.1). Three out of four patients had heard of advanced treatment options and were interested, but were denied treatment. Only a small proportion of patients were informed of these by their physician. Nine percent were satisfied with their medication (including 4% of advanced patients). One third of patients experienced their general health as poor or very poor. Conclusion The majority of Swedish PD patients are treated by neurologists. Annual numbers of doctors’ appointments were low in an international context and can partly be explained by the shortage of neurologists and other trained specialists. Doctors only provided a small proportion of patients with advanced therapy information, despite patients’ interest. Hence, improvement is warranted regarding doctor appointments, information about various advanced treatment options, and their availability.

Lokk, J

2011-01-01

492

The Practice and Perspectives of Free Access to the Legal Information of Citizens of the Republic of Uzbekistan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the practice and perspectives of free access for the public of Uzbekistan to legal resources, including distant and disadvantaged communities. Explains the legal database system and presents results of a project at the Open Library for Legal Information to organize legal information by regional libraries and public centers for legal…

Stalbovskaya, Maria S.

2002-01-01

493

Information access at the point of care: what can we learn for designing a mobile CPR system?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: Hospitals have started to migrate their paper-based records to computerized patient records (CPR). The majority of today’s CPR systems are stationary, which means that physicians use a clinical workstation to access CPR information. But health care professionals need to request and enter information at different locations, for example, on their daily ward round. This suggests the use of mobile

E. Reuss; Marino Menozzi; M. Büchi; J. Koller; Helmut Krueger

2004-01-01

494

Quality and accessibility of oncology-related clinical trials information: A content analysis of Internet media. | accrualnet.cancer.gov  

Cancer.gov

Eighty-five percent of the 40 Web sites reviewed mentioned clinical trials on their landing pages. However, only about three-quarters of sites defined clinical trials and just one-half provided information about the benefits and risks of enrollment. Additionally, for lung cancer and myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), few sites offered interactive features to facilitate access to information about relevant clinical trials.

495

Lifelong Learning on the Knowledge Highway. Access to Lifelong Learning Opportunities on Canada's Information Highway. A Background Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report examines access to lifelong learning opportunities on Canada's information highway. The report begins with a glossary and a learner-centered model in which the information highway links learners with learning opportunities provided through educational institutions, community organizations, government, and business and industry.…

Faris, Ron

496

Matching Up to the Information Society: An Evaluation of the EU, the EU Accession Countries, Switzerland and the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents the current understanding of the advancement of the Information Society within the European Union and countries that are up for accession in 2004, and is based on the SIBIS (Statistical Indicators Benchmarking the Information Society) surveys and analyses per SIBIS theme and country. The report is unique in its coherent and…

Graafland-Essers, Irma; Cremonini, Leon; Ettedgui, Emile; Botterman, Maarten

2003-01-01

497

A Window on the Politics of the Government Printing Office Electronic Information Access Enhancement Act of 1993.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the political process that occurred among professional trade associations, government agencies, and public interest groups concerning the Government Printing Office Electronic Information Access Enhancement Act of 1993 (WINDOW bill). Highlights include the politics of information; the Paperwork Reduction Act; and the role of the ALA…

Love, James P.

1994-01-01

498

An analysis of the opportunities for information technology in improving access, transfer and the use of agricultural information in the rural areas of Kenya  

Microsoft Academic Search

Presented at the SCANUL-ECS Conference held in Kenya 23-26 July 1998. Examines the opportunities of information technology (IT) in improving access, transfer and use of agricultural information in the rural areas of Kenya. This paper has used the term “information technology” to include CD-ROM, computer networks, desktop publishing, interactive video, packet radio, expert systems, geographical information systems and satellite communications.

Joseph Kiplang’at

1999-01-01

499

The role of the University of the West Indies Mona libraries in HIV/AIDS information access and dissemination.  

PubMed

The recommendations for controlling HIV/AIDS, whether prescriptive or descriptive, underscore the value of information: its translation into knowledge, and knowledge into behaviour. Thus, accessing, evaluating, disseminating and applying authoritative, credible and scholarly information on HIV/AIDS are critical elements in the control of this pandemic in the Web 2.0 era. The University of the West Indies (UWI) Mona libraries have embraced this information role. This article provides insights into three of the information initiatives implemented by the UWI Mona libraries in this important capacity. In this regard, it also provides ideas for other West Indian information units and enhances communication on access to information products and services, albeit incrementally, in an important area of health services for the West Indies. PMID:24756597

Harris, S

2013-01-01

500

An XML-Based Manipulation and Query Language for Rule-Based Information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Rules are utilized to assist in the monitoring process that is required in activities, such as disease management and customer relationship management. These rules are specified according to the application best practices. Most of research efforts emphasize on the specification and execution of these rules. Few research efforts focus on managing these rules as one object that has a management life-cycle. This paper presents our manipulation and query language that is developed to facilitate the maintenance of this object during its life-cycle and to query the information contained in this object. This language is based on an XML-based model. Furthermore, we evaluate the model and language using a prototype system applied to a clinical case study.

Mansour, Essam; Höpfner, Hagen