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1

Information Access and Natural Language Processing: A Stimulating Dialogue  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we examine the interplay between the requirements of information seekers to access information in large digital\\u000a text collections and the techniques developed by natural language processing researchers to support this access. In particular\\u000a we examine how language processing technologies such as question answering, single and multidocument summarisation, and ontology-guided\\u000a similar event searching can assist journalists in gathering

Robert Gaizauskas; Horacio Saggion; Emma Barker

2

Exploring the Further Integration of Machine Translation in English-Chinese Cross Language Information Access  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper seeks to examine the further integration of machine translation technologies with cross language information access in providing web users the capabilities of accessing information beyond language barriers. Machine translation and cross language information access are related technologies, and yet they have their own unique…

Wu, Dan; He, Daqing

2012-01-01

3

Clinicians as "Information Givers": What Communication Access Are Clients Given to Speech-Language Pathology Services?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Conveying information to clients has a variety of purposes in professional-client interactions. It has a clear relationship to client access to participation in the decisions made about a presenting problem. Speech-language pathologists tend to assume they do this competently and to the advantage of their clients, but rarely has this assumption…

Hand, Linda

2006-01-01

4

Multilingual human-computer interactions: from information access to language learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes our recent work in developing multilingual conversational systems that support human-computer interactions. Our approach is based on the premise that a common semantic rep- resentation can be extracted from the input for all languages, at least within the context of restricted domains. In our design of such sys- tems, language dependent information is separated from the system

Victor Zue; Stephanie Seneff; Joseph Polifroni; Helen M. Meng; James R. Glass

1996-01-01

5

Cross-Language Information Access to Multilingual Collections on the Internet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of language barriers when using multilingual digital library collections on the Internet focuses on query translation and document translation in a Chinese-English information retrieval system called MTIR. Highlights include a bilingual dictionary; machine transliteration algorithm; design issues for document translation; HTML tags; and…

Bian, Guo-Wei; Chen, Hsin-Hsi

2000-01-01

6

Indian Language Information Retrieval  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the proliferation of the Internet in south Asia over the last decade, the availability of digital documents in Indian languages has increased considerably. The need for effective information access methods for these languages is being increasingly felt. Although Indian language information retrieval (ILIR) research is in a relatively nascent stage (especially with regard to large-scale quantitative evaluation), several research efforts in this area have been reported in the recent past. This chapter reviews the current state of the art in mono-lingual and cross-lingual information access in Indian languages and outlines a recent project that aims to create a comprehensive, end-to-end IR system for Indian languages, along with a standardized evaluation framework (in the spirit of TREC, CLEF, or NTCIR) that will provide a sound empirical basis for further work.

Majumder, Prasenjit; Mitra, Mandar

7

MULTIMODAL LANGUAGE PROCESSING FOR MOBILE INFORMATION ACCESS Michael Johnston, Srinivas Bangalore, Amanda Stent, Gunaranjan Vasireddy, Patrick Ehlen  

E-print Network

, Amanda Stent, Gunaranjan Vasireddy, Patrick Ehlen AT&T Labs-Research 180 Park Ave, Florham Park, NJ 07932 {johnston, srini, stent, guna, ehlen}@research.att.com ABSTRACT Interfaces for mobile information access

Fisher, Kathleen

8

Language Diversity and Language Policy in Educational Access and Equity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the role of language policies in mediating access and equity in education. By examining a range of research and case studies on language policies, the authors explore how educational language policies serve as a central gatekeeper to education itself, as well as to quality education that may fundamentally depend on language

Tollefson, James W.; Tsui, Amy B. M.

2014-01-01

9

Self-Access and the Adult Language Learner.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The immediate stimulus for this collection of papers was a conference, Self-Access and the Adult Language Learner, organized by the Centre for Information on Language Teaching and Research (CILT) and the Language Centre of the University of Cambridge in December 1992 at Queen's College, Cambridge. Several 1-day conferences on the same theme were…

Esch, Edith, Ed.

10

Information Access Router for Integrated Information Access System Koji Murakami  

E-print Network

Information Access Router for Integrated Information Access System Koji Murakami Department System (IIAS) that accepts diverse kinds of questions and provides the requested information in the most suit- able format for the information need. We designed a set of 18 Information Access Types

11

Health Websites: Accessibility and Usability for American Sign Language Users.  

PubMed

To date, there have been efforts toward creating better health information access for Deaf American Sign Language (ASL) users. However, the usability of websites with access to health information in ASL has not been evaluated. Our article focuses on the usability of four health websites that include ASL videos. We seek to obtain ASL users' perspectives on the navigation of these ASL-accessible websites, finding the health information that they needed, and perceived ease of understanding ASL video content. ASL users (n = 32) were instructed to find specific information on four ASL-accessible websites, and answered questions related to (a) navigation to find the task, (b) website usability, and (c) ease of understanding ASL video content for each of the four websites. Participants also gave feedback on what they would like to see in an ASL health library website, including the benefit of added captioning and/or signer model to medical illustration of health videos. Participants who had lower health literacy had greater difficulty in finding information on ASL-accessible health websites. This article also describes the participants' preferences for an ideal ASL-accessible health website, and concludes with a discussion on the role of accessible websites in promoting health literacy in ASL users. PMID:24901350

Kushalnagar, Poorna; Naturale, Joan; Paludneviciene, Raylene; Smith, Scott R; Werfel, Emily; Doolittle, Richard; Jacobs, Stephen; DeCaro, James

2014-06-01

12

Acquisition of Language Information from Online Databases  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This report describes the methods to acquire language information from online databases, which are usually employed to retrieve technical information. Typical uses are shown to obtain equivalent foreign words, language usages, illustrative sentences and statistical linguistic data, by use of JOIS, DIALOG, SDC and BRS online information systems. In comparison with dictionaries and usage books, the online databases provide a vast file of language information, which is unabridged, continually updated and accessible through any words or their combinations. In addition, they give quantitative data such as frequencies in use of words and expressions.

Sano, Hikomaro

13

DEVELOPMENT OF SPOKEN LANGUAGE CORPORA FOR TRAVEL INFORMATION  

E-print Network

tasks, an air travel information task (ATIS) and a train travel information task (MASK). L of information access in two travel domain tasks, L'ATIS and MASK. The collection of spoken language corpora of spoken language systems. The use of additional acoustic and language model training data has been shown

14

Multilingual Access for Information Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the rapid growth of the global information society, the concept of library has evolved to embrace all kinds of information collections, on all kinds of storage media, and using many different access methods. The users of today's information networks and digital libraries, no longer restricted by geographic or spatial boundaries, want to be…

Peters, Carol; Sheridan, Paraic

15

Cross-Language Information Retrieval.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews research and practice in cross-language information retrieval (CLIR) that seeks to support the process of finding documents written in one natural language with automated systems that can accept queries expressed in other languages. Addresses user needs, document preprocessing, query formulation, matching strategies, sources of translation…

Oard, Douglas W.; Diekema, Anne R.

1998-01-01

16

Natural language processing information retrieval  

E-print Network

Natural language processing for information retrieval David D. Lewis AT&T Bell Laboratories Karen with `end' text. We will however use information retrieval (IR), sometimes taken to mean document retrieval the essential properties of document retrieval and reviews both conventional practice and research findings

Haddadi, Hamed

17

Enterprise wide transparent information access  

SciTech Connect

The information management needs of the Department of Energy (DOE) represents a fertile domain for the development of highly sophisticated yet intuitive enterprise-wide computing solutions. These solutions must support business operations, research agendas, technology development efforts, decision support, and other application areas with a user base ranging from technical staff to the highest levels of management. One area of primary interest is in the Environmental Restoration and Waste Management Branch of DOE. In this arena, the issue of tracking and managing nuclear waste related to the long legacy of prior defense production and research programs is one of high visibility and great concern. The Tank Waste Information Network System (TWINS) application has been created by the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) for the DOE to assist in managing and accessing the information related to this mission. The TWINS solution addresses many of the technical issues faced by other efforts to provide integrated information access to a wide variety of stakeholders. TWINS provides secure transparent access to distributed heterogeneous multimedia information sources from around the DOE complex. The users interact with the information through a consistent user interface that presents the desired data in a common format regardless of the structure of the source information. The solutions developed by the TWINS project represent an integration of several technologies and products that can be applied to other mission areas within DOE and other government agencies. These solutions are now being applied to public and private sector problem domains as well. The successful integration and inter-operation of both commercial and custom modules into a flexible and extensible information architecture will help ensure that new problems facing DOE and other clients can be addressed more rapidly in the future by re-use of existing tools and techniques proven viable through the TWINS efforts.

Brown, J.

1995-05-01

18

Subject Access to Your Information  

E-print Network

Subject Access to Your Information Sandy Tucker Texas A&M University Libraries August 1, 2006 Second International Symposium on Transportation Technology Transfer Introduction You have packages ? books, pamphlets, files, electronic documents. You... Lists Transportation Research Thesaurus Your own list Use a Short List or a Long List of Terms? If you have a small collection, a short list of terms is appropriate. If you have a large collection, a longer list of more specific terms...

Tucker, Sandra

2006-08-01

19

Facebook: Facilitating Social Access and Language Acquisition for International Students?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many international students come to Canada to improve their English language proficiency and develop friendships with Canadians and other international students. However, gaining access to host nationals (i.e., Canadians) is not an easy task for most English as a second language (ESL) learners. Factors such as language proficiency may hamper…

Lee, Kent; Ranta, Leila

2014-01-01

20

Biomedical information retrieval across languages.  

PubMed

This work presents a new dictionary-based approach to biomedical cross-language information retrieval (CLIR) that addresses many of the general and domain-specific challenges in current CLIR research. Our method is based on a multilingual lexicon that was generated partly manually and partly automatically, and currently covers six European languages. It contains morphologically meaningful word fragments, termed subwords. Using subwords instead of entire words significantly reduces the number of lexical entries necessary to sufficiently cover a specific language and domain. Mediation between queries and documents is based on these subwords as well as on lists of word-n-grams that are generated from large monolingual corpora and constitute possible translation units. The translations are then sent to a standard Internet search engine. This process makes our approach an effective tool for searching the biomedical content of the World Wide Web in different languages. We evaluate this approach using the OHSUMED corpus, a large medical document collection, within a cross-language retrieval setting. PMID:17541863

Daumke, Philipp; Markü, Kornél; Poprat, Michael; Schulz, Stefan; Klar, Rüdiger

2007-06-01

21

Information is Power: Toward Intelligent Tools for Information Access and Evaluation  

E-print Network

array of alternative sources of information brought by the advent of the Internet, comprehensible access to information because they can read English or one of the other major languages of the Internet of information, an intelligent Interface to the Information World. In this paper we discuss three specific

Gasser, Michael

22

Improving Immigrants' Access to Public Services in the United States: Language Access Policy and Policy Implementation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Language access mandates in the USA, which require that governmental services be provided in any needed language, have been largely ignored since their first enacting. However, the past decade has seen an increase in the number of national, state, and local efforts to accommodate limited English-proficient individuals. This article provides an…

Sperling, Jessica

2009-01-01

23

The Assessment of Self-Access Language Learning: Practical Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Self-access centers are a popular type of language support offered by an increasing number of schools and universities around the world. Assessment of the learning that takes place in such centers is seen as both crucial and problematic. Many barriers to successful assessment appear to exist, but these have not been comprehensively documented,…

Reinders, Hayo; Lazaro, Noemi

2008-01-01

24

Natural-language access to databases-theoretical/technical issues  

SciTech Connect

Although there have been many experimental systems for natural-language access to databases, with some now going into actual use, many problems in this area remain to be solved. The author presents descriptions of five problem areas that seem to me not to be adequately handled by any existing system.

Moore, R.C.

1982-01-01

25

Information Access and Privacy Protection Office  

E-print Network

Information Access and Privacy Protection Office I A P P Guidelines for Using Personal Information in Email and Faxes Memorial University employees are required to protect personal information (defined personal information ­ your own or someone else's. Email and faxes, in particular, pose challenges

deYoung, Brad

26

Educational Audiologists: Their Access, Benefit, and Collaborative Assistance to Speech-Language Pathologists in Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The main goals of this study were to determine if school-based speech-language pathologists (SLPs) have access to the services of an audiologist and if those SLPs felt they obtained benefit from the audiologist's services. Additional goals included gathering information about SLPs' (a) understanding of basic audiological concepts typical…

Richburg, Cynthia McCormick; Knickelbein, Becky A.

2011-01-01

27

Applying Light Natural Language Processing to Ad-Hoc Cross Language Information Retrieval  

E-print Network

Lioma,C. Macdonald,C. Plachouras,V. He,B. Ounis,I. In Accessing Multilingual Information Repositories: 6th Cross-Language Evaluation Forum, CLEF 2005, Vienna, Austria, Revised Selected Papers. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol. 4022 LNCS, Springer

Lioma, C.

28

NASA access mechanism: Graphical user interface information retrieval system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Access to online information sources of aerospace, scientific, and engineering data, a mission focus for NASA's Scientific and Technical Information Program, has always been limited to factors such as telecommunications, query language syntax, lack of standardization in the information, and the lack of adequate tools to assist in searching. Today, the NASA STI Program's NASA Access Mechanism (NAM) prototype offers a solution to these problems by providing the user with a set of tools that provide a graphical interface to remote, heterogeneous, and distributed information in a manner adaptable to both casual and expert users. Additionally, the NAM provides access to many Internet-based services such as Electronic Mail, the Wide Area Information Servers system, Peer Locating tools, and electronic bulletin boards.

Hunter, Judy; Generous, Curtis; Duncan, Denise

1993-01-01

29

NASA Access Mechanism - Graphical user interface information retrieval system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Access to online information sources of aerospace, scientific, and engineering data, a mission focus for NASA's Scientific and Technical Information Program, has always been limited by factors such as telecommunications, query language syntax, lack of standardization in the information, and the lack of adequate tools to assist in searching. Today, the NASA STI Program's NASA Access Mechanism (NAM) prototype offers a solution to these problems by providing the user with a set of tools that provide a graphical interface to remote, heterogeneous, and distributed information in a manner adaptable to both casual and expert users. Additionally, the NAM provides access to many Internet-based services such as Electronic Mail, the Wide Area Information Servers system, Peer Locating tools, and electronic bulletin boards.

Hunter, Judy F.; Generous, Curtis; Duncan, Denise

1993-01-01

30

Examining Language of Information Books for Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, inclusion of information books in early childhood centers is well-advised since children show fast developing knowledge of information book language and enjoy reading those books. The aim of the current study is to discuss features of information books' language by examining the illustrations and texts of randomly selected 15…

Inan, Hatice Zeynep

2010-01-01

31

Automatic processing of multilingual medical terminology: applications to thesaurus enrichment and cross-language information retrieval  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present in this article experiments on Multi-Language Information Extraction and Access in the medical domain. Methods for extracting bilingual lexicons from parallel and comparable corpora are described and their use in Multi- Language Information Access is illustrated. Our experiments show that these automatically extracted bilingual lexicons are accurate enough for semi-automatically enriching mono- or bilingual thesauri (such as UMLS),

Hervé Déjean; Éric Gaussier; Jean-michel Renders; Fatiha Sadat

2005-01-01

32

An Information-based Cross-Language Information Retrieval Model  

E-print Network

An Information-based Cross-Language Information Retrieval Model Bo Li and Eric Gaussier Universit in the information-based family for information retrieval, namely the LL (log-logistic) and SPL (smoothed power law, yielding the best performance overall. 1 Introduction Cross-Language Information Retrieval (CLIR

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

33

IMPROVING ACCESS TO INFORMATION ABOUT ORD PROJECTS  

EPA Science Inventory

ORD project information is maintained in, and retrieved from, multiple systems and home pages. Not all sources of project information are Intranet accessible. Descriptive information may be abbreviated and not useful in conveying a comprehensive understanding of a project. The m...

34

Uncovering Information: Subject Access to Information in Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 16 articles in this theme issue focus on ways in which libraries provide subject access to their collections in a fast-changing technological environment: (1) "Uncovering Information" (Neal K. Kaske and Peter Paulson); (2) "The New York State Library's Evolving Public Access Catalog" (Alexandria Wolff and Jean Hargrave); (3) "Online Access to…

The Bookmark, 1989

1989-01-01

35

Image based information access for mobile phones  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile phones with integrated digital cameras provide new ways to get access to digital information and services. Images taken by the mobile phone camera can be matched to a database of objects or scenes, which enables linking of digital information to the physical world. In this demonstration, we present a prototype system for image based linking of photos taken from

Xi Chen; Markus Koskela; J. Hyvakka

2010-01-01

36

Speaking two languages at once: unconscious native word form access in second language production.  

PubMed

Bilingualism research has established language non-selective lexical access in comprehension. However, the evidence for such an effect in production remains sparse and its neural time-course has not yet been investigated. We demonstrate that German-English bilinguals performing a simple picture-naming task exclusively in English spontaneously access the phonological form of -unproduced- German words. Participants were asked to produce English adjective-noun sequences describing the colour and identity of familiar objects presented as line drawings. We associated adjective and picture names such that their onsets phonologically overlapped in English (e.g., green goat), in German through translation (e.g., blue flower - 'blaue Blume'), or in neither language. As expected, phonological priming in English modulated event-related brain potentials over the frontocentral scalp region from around 440ms after picture onset. Phonological priming in German was detectable even earlier, from 300ms, even though German was never produced and in the absence of an interaction between language and phonological repetition priming at any point in time. Overall, these results establish the existence of non-selective access to phonological representations of the two languages in the domain of speech production. PMID:25058411

Spalek, Katharina; Hoshino, Noriko; Wu, Yan Jing; Damian, Markus; Thierry, Guillaume

2014-10-01

37

Information Retrieval and the Philosophy of Language.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides an overview of some of the main ideas in the philosophy of language that have relevance to the issues of information retrieval, focusing on the description of the intellectual content. Highlights include retrieval problems; recall and precision; words and meanings; context; externalism and the philosophy of language; and scaffolding and…

Blair, David C.

2003-01-01

38

A general language model for information retrieval  

Microsoft Academic Search

Statistical language modeling has been successfully used for speech recognition, part-of-speech tagging, and syntactic parsing. Recently, it has also been applied to information retrieval. According to this new paradigm, each document is viewed as a language sample, and a query as a generation process. The retrieved documents are ranked based on the probabilities of producing a query from the corresponding

Fei Song; W. Bruce Croft

1999-01-01

39

Information Retrieval Using Robust Natural Language Processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

We developed a prototype information retrieval system which uses advanced natural language processing techniques to enhance the effectiveness of traditional key-word based document retrieval. The backbone of our system is a statistical retrieval engine which performs automated indexing of documents, then search and ranking in response to user queries. This core architecture is augmented with advanced natural language processing tools

Tomek Strzalkowski; Barbara Vauthey

1992-01-01

40

Social Access Control Language (SocACL) Edward Caprin and Yan Zhang  

E-print Network

management in OSNs as an access control problem. We propose a fine-grained, formal Attribute-Based AccessSocial Access Control Language (SocACL) Edward Caprin and Yan Zhang School of Computing- agement in OSNs as an access control problem. We pro- pose a formal Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC

Zhang, Yan

41

How do fathers access child safety information?  

Microsoft Academic Search

IntroductionInjury is the leading cause of death for children over the age of one. Prevention methods such as providing parents with information injury risks and prevention strategies can be an effective way to help change risk behaviour and decrease the chance of an injury event.PurposeTo gain an understanding on father's behaviours in regard to accessing information on childhood safety.MethodInterviews for

L Olsen; M Brussoni; S Kruse

2010-01-01

42

Exploring how fathers access child safety information  

Microsoft Academic Search

IntroductionInjury is the leading cause of death for children over the age of one. Prevention methods such as providing parents with information on injury risks and prevention strategies can be an effective way to help change risk behaviour and decrease the chance of an injury event.PurposeTo gain an understanding on father's behaviours in regard to accessing information on childhood safety.MethodInterviews

L Olsen; M Brussoni; S Kruse

2010-01-01

43

Access America, Reengineering through Information Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the "Access America" report which was published in 1997 as a follow up to the National Performance Review, an assessment of federal government operations and procedures. Discusses future goals of the use of electronic services and information technology to improve government operations, systems integration, cost reduction, improved quality…

Dugan, Robert E.

1999-01-01

44

Access Management for Networked Information Resources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes access management problems associated with networked information systems and the two major architectural approaches used to address them, including discussion of related policy issues such as privacy, accountability, and collection of management data. Focus is on the concerns of colleges and universities and on developing practical…

Lynch, Clifford

1998-01-01

45

Research Investigation of Information Access Methods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the satisfaction of library users at Wayne State University who utilize alternative information access methods. The LibQUAL+[TM] desired and perceived that satisfaction ratings are used to determine the user's "superiority gap." By focusing limited library resources to address "superiority gap" issues identified by each…

Heinrichs, John H.; Sharkey, Thomas W.; Lim, Jeen-Su

2006-01-01

46

Natural Language Information Retrieval: Progress Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on the progress of the natural language information retrieval project, a joint effort led by GE (General Electric) Research, and its evaluation at the sixth TREC (Text Retrieval Conference). Discusses stream-based information retrieval, which uses alternative methods of document indexing; advanced linguistic streams; weighting; and query…

Perez-Carballo, Jose; Strzalkowski, Tomek

2000-01-01

47

1 CFR 456.4 - Public access to information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Public access to information. 456.4 Section 456.4 General...CAPITAL PLANNING COMMISSION (FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT REGULATIONS) § 456.4 Public access to information. (a) General policy. It...

2010-01-01

48

1 CFR 456.4 - Public access to information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Public access to information. 456.4 Section 456.4 General...CAPITAL PLANNING COMMISSION (FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT REGULATIONS) § 456.4 Public access to information. (a) General policy. It...

2012-01-01

49

1 CFR 456.4 - Public access to information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2012-01-01 true Public access to information. 456.4 Section 456.4 General...CAPITAL PLANNING COMMISSION (FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT REGULATIONS) § 456.4 Public access to information. (a) General policy. It...

2013-01-01

50

1 CFR 456.4 - Public access to information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Public access to information. 456.4 Section 456.4 General...CAPITAL PLANNING COMMISSION (FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT REGULATIONS) § 456.4 Public access to information. (a) General policy. It...

2011-01-01

51

1 CFR 456.4 - Public access to information.  

...2012-01-01 true Public access to information. 456.4 Section 456.4 General...CAPITAL PLANNING COMMISSION (FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT REGULATIONS) § 456.4 Public access to information. (a) General policy. It...

2014-01-01

52

7 CFR 3402.22 - Access to peer review information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Access to peer review information. 3402.22 Section... FOOD AND AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES NATIONAL NEEDS GRADUATE...PROGRAM Supplementary Information § 3402.22 Access to peer review information. After final...

2012-01-01

53

7 CFR 3402.22 - Access to peer review information.  

... Access to peer review information. 3402.22 Section... FOOD AND AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES NATIONAL NEEDS GRADUATE...PROGRAM Supplementary Information § 3402.22 Access to peer review information. After final...

2014-01-01

54

7 CFR 3402.22 - Access to peer review information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Access to peer review information. 3402.22 Section... FOOD AND AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES NATIONAL NEEDS GRADUATE...PROGRAM Supplementary Information § 3402.22 Access to peer review information. After final...

2011-01-01

55

7 CFR 3402.22 - Access to peer review information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Access to peer review information. 3402.22 Section... FOOD AND AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES NATIONAL NEEDS GRADUATE...PROGRAM Supplementary Information § 3402.22 Access to peer review information. After final...

2013-01-01

56

7 CFR 3406.23 - Access to peer review information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 false Access to peer review information. 3406.23 Section...Information § 3406.23 Access to peer review information. After final...reviews, not including the identity of the peer reviewers, will be made available...

2010-01-01

57

7 CFR 3405.16 - Access to peer review information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 false Access to peer review information. 3405.16 Section...Information § 3405.16 Access to peer review information. After final...reviews, not including the identity of the peer reviewers, will be made available...

2010-01-01

58

7 CFR 3402.22 - Access to peer review information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Access to peer review information. 3402.22 Section 3402.22 Agriculture...PROGRAM Supplementary Information § 3402.22 Access to peer review information. After final decisions have been...

2010-01-01

59

Multilingual Information Discovery and AccesS (MIDAS): A Joint ACM DL'99/ ACM SIGIR'99 Workshop.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses a multidisciplinary workshop that addressed issues concerning internationally distributed information networks. Highlights include multilingual information access in media other than character-coded text; cross-language information retrieval and multilingual metadata; and evaluation of multilingual systems. (LRW)

Oard, Douglas; Peters, Carol; Ruiz, Miguel; Frederking, Robert; Klavans, Judith; Sheridan, Paraic

1999-01-01

60

The Impact of Language on Educational Access in South Africa. CREATE Pathways to Access. Research Monograph No. 24  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of Medium of Instruction or Language of Learning and Teaching has not received sufficient attention as a factor denying meaningful access to education in South Africa. Yet the majority of under-performing learners are also children who learn in a language that is not their mother-tongue. This research aims to assess how recent language

Lafon, Michel

2009-01-01

61

Access Guide to the Language & Linguistics Location of the department and its main spaces  

E-print Network

Access Guide to the Language & Linguistics Department Location of the department and its main Disability Liaison Officer Accessible parking Location of the Language & Linguistics department to the Language & Linguistics department from the main squares From SQUARE 4 (level 5): enter the building from

Codling, Edward A.

62

South Florida Information Access: Virtual Tour  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Southern Florida contains some of the most unique landscape and biology in the US. The US Geological Society and Southern Florida Information Access (SOFIA) maintains the South Florida Virtual Tour in hopes of sharing the beauty of the area and promoting its protection. Visitors can tour sixteen areas (e.g., the Everglades and the Florida Keys); view images (still and 360 degree), illustrations, and maps; and read simple but informative descriptions about the landscape and biota. The site is easy to navigate and enjoyable to explore.

63

Facilitating consumer access to health information.  

PubMed

The lead paper from Zelmer and Hagens details the substantive evolution occurring in health information technologies that has the potential to transform the relationship between consumers, health practitioners and health systems. In this commentary, the authors suggest that Canada is experiencing a shift in consumer behaviour toward a desire to actively manage one's health and wellness that is being facilitated through the advent of health applications on mobile and online technologies platforms. The result is that Canadians are now able to create personalized health solutions based on their individual health values and goals. However, before Canadians are able to derive a personal health benefit from these rapid changes in information technology, they require and are increasingly demanding greater real-time access to their own health information to better inform decision-making, as well as interoperability between their personal health tracking systems and those of their health practitioner team. PMID:25148122

Snowdon, Anne; Schnarr, Karin; Alessi, Charles

2014-01-01

64

Language-Based Information-Flow Security  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current standard security practices do not pro- vide substantial assurance that the end-to-end behavior of a computing system satisfies important security policies such as confidentiality. An end-to-end confidentiality policy might assert that secret input data cannot be inferred by an attacker through the attacker's observations of system output; this policy regulates information flow. Conventional security mechanisms such as access control

Andrei Sabelfeld; Andrew C. Myers

2002-01-01

65

Understanding dementia: effective information access from the Deaf community's perspective.  

PubMed

This study concerns older Deaf sign language users in the UK. Its aim was to explore how to enable effective information access and promote awareness and understanding of dementia from a culturally Deaf perspective. A purposive sample of 26 Deaf people without dementia participated in one of three focus groups facilitated directly in British Sign Language (BSL) without an intermediate interpreter. The sample was differentiated by age, role in the Deaf community, and diversity of educational attainment and professional experience. A phenomenological approach underpinned the thematic analysis of data. The findings demonstrate: (i) translation into (BSL) is a necessary but not sufficient condition to support understanding. Attention to culturally preferred means of engagement with information is vital; (ii) the content of information is best presented utilising structures and formats which cohere with Deaf people's visual cognitive strengths; and (iii) the importance of cultural values and cultural practices in raising awareness and building understanding of dementia. These include collective rather than individual responsibility for knowledge transfer and the pan-national nature of knowledge transfer among Deaf people(s). The discussion demonstrates how these specific features of effective information access and awareness building have universal implications relevant to public engagement and the promotion of general knowledge consistent with the National Dementia Strategy (England). PMID:25469427

Young, Alys; Ferguson-Coleman, Emma; Keady, John

2014-12-01

66

Geography Network: Access a World of Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Geography Network is a global community of governmental and commercial data providers who are committed to making geographic content easily accessible. The site provides an extensive collection of maps, searchable by theme (shaded relief, streets, population, rivers, etc.) or geographic area (continents, countries, or U.S. states). It also offers access to a large collection of geographic data, intended for use with geographic information system (GIS) software tools. The Solutions section provides a platform for developers to build custom applications, using Geography Network content, including map services and tools. Solutions currently featured are driving directions and demographic mapping. The Community page offers a discussion forum as well as a map exchange, enabling users to find and share map images with one another.

67

Understanding requirements via natural language information modeling  

SciTech Connect

Information system requirements that are expressed as simple English sentences provide a clear understanding of what is needed between system specifiers, administrators, users, and developers of information systems. The approach used to develop the requirements is the Natural-language Information Analysis Methodology (NIAM). NIAM allows the processes, events, and business rules to be modeled using natural language. The natural language presentation enables the people who deal with the business issues that are to be supported by the information system to describe exactly the system requirements that designers and developers will implement. Computer prattle is completely eliminated from the requirements discussion. An example is presented that is based upon a section of a DOE Order involving nuclear materials management. Where possible, the section is analyzed to specify the process(es) to be done, the event(s) that start the process, and the business rules that are to be followed during the process. Examples, including constraints, are developed. The presentation steps through the modeling process and shows where the section of the DOE Order needs clarification, extensions or interpretations that could provide a more complete and accurate specification.

Sharp, J.K.; Becker, S.D.

1993-07-01

68

Infants and Children with Hearing Loss Need Early Language Access  

PubMed Central

Around 96 percent of children with hearing loss are born to parents with intact hearing,1 who may initially know little about deafness or sign language. Therefore, such parents will need information and support in making decisions about the medical, linguistic, and educational management of their child. Some of these decisions are time-sensitive and irreversible and come at a moment of emotional turmoil and vulnerability (when some parents grieve the toss of a normally hearing child).2 Clinical research indicates that a deaf child’s poor communication skills can be made worse by increased level of parental depression.3 Given this, the importance of reliable and up-to-date support for parents’ decisions is critical to the overall well-being of their child.4 In raising and educating a child, parents are often offered an exclusive choice between an oral environment (including assistive technology, speech reading, and voicing) and a signing environment. A heated controversy surrounds this choice, and has since at least the late 19th century, beginning with the International Congress on the Education of the Deaf in Milan, held in 1880.5 While families seek advice from many sources, including, increasingly, the internet,6 the primary care physician (PCP) is the professional medical figure the family interacts with repeatedly.7 The present article aims to help family advisors, particularly the PCP and other medical advisors in this regard. We argue that deaf children need to be exposed regularly and frequently to good language models in both visual and auditory modalities from the time hearing loss is detected and continued throughout their education to ensure proper cognitive, psychological, and educational development. Since there is, unfortunately, a dearth of empirical studies on many of the issues families must confront, professional opinions, backed by what studies do exist, are the only option. We here give our strongly held professional opinions and stress the need for improved research studies in these areas. PMID:20866021

Kushalnagar, Poorna; Mathur, Gaurav; Moreland, Christopher J.; Napoli, Donna Jo; Osterling, Wendy; Padden, Carol; Rathmann, Christian

2010-01-01

69

Language Access Toolkit: An Organizing and Advocacy Resource for Community-Based Youth Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Asian American Legal Defense and Education Fund (AALDEF) developed this language access toolkit to share the expertise and experiences of National Asian American Education Advocates Network (NAAEA) member organizations with other community organizations interested in developing language access campaigns. This toolkit includes an overview of…

Beyersdorf, Mark Ro

2013-01-01

70

Groundwater Information Network: enabling online access and analysis of Canadian groundwater information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A cornerstone of effective groundwater resource management is access to available groundwater information and tools for analysis, modeling, and eventually decision-making. In Canada, information access is inhibited by the heterogeneous nature of groundwater information, which is collected and maintained by many agencies using different digital structures and contents, and by varying online availability. To overcome these issues, a collaboration of federal and provincial agencies has developed the Groundwater Information Network (GIN, http://gw-info.net). In its first phase, GIN provides a single online data pipeline to the water-well databases hosted by six provincial agencies (British Columbia, Alberta, Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec and Nova Scotia) and to some key aquifer information hosted by Natural Resources Canada. GIN also provides two online portals that can be used to view, download and analyse the information. At the core of GIN is an online mediator that distributes requests for information to the host databases, and translates the replies into a common format (Groundwater MarkUp Language). This allows the portals to treat the distributed information as a single virtual online repository, one with consistent links back to the original databases. Discussed will be the GIN system, including its architecture, functionality, and portals, as well as its overall role as a point of access to some Canadian groundwater information as well as to related web-mapping and analysis tools.

Brodaric, B.; Sharpe, D.; Boisvert, E.

2009-05-01

71

Study Abroad in Egypt: Identity, Access, and Arabic Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Study abroad is often viewed as an ideal setting to improve target language proficiency due to opportunities for extensive contact with locals in the target language. However, research on study abroad demonstrates that this local contact and target language use can be quite limited, and that there is considerable variation in the linguistic…

Trentman, Emma Gale

2012-01-01

72

Availability, Access, Authenticity, and Persistence: Creating the Environment for Permanent Public Access to Electronic Government Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses efforts by the Federal Depository Library Program to make information accessible more or mostly by electronic means. Topics include Web-based locator tools; collection development; digital archives; bibliographic metadata; and access tools and user interfaces. (Author/LRW)

Barnum, George

2002-01-01

73

User-Centered Indexing for Adaptive Information Access  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We are focusing on information access tasks characterized by large volume of hypermedia connected technical documents, a need for rapid and effective access to familiar information, and long-term interaction with evolving information. The problem for technical users is to build and maintain a personalized task-oriented model of the information to quickly access relevant information. We propose a solution which provides user-centered adaptive information retrieval and navigation. This solution supports users in customizing information access over time. It is complementary to information discovery methods which provide access to new information, since it lets users customize future access to previously found information. It relies on a technique, called Adaptive Relevance Network, which creates and maintains a complex indexing structure to represent personal user's information access maps organized by concepts. This technique is integrated within the Adaptive HyperMan system, which helps NASA Space Shuttle flight controllers organize and access large amount of information. It allows users to select and mark any part of a document as interesting, and to index that part with user-defined concepts. Users can then do subsequent retrieval of marked portions of documents. This functionality allows users to define and access personal collections of information, which are dynamically computed. The system also supports collaborative review by letting users share group access maps. The adaptive relevance network provides long-term adaptation based both on usage and on explicit user input. The indexing structure is dynamic and evolves over time. Leading and generalization support flexible retrieval of information under similar concepts. The network is geared towards more recent information access, and automatically manages its size in order to maintain rapid access when scaling up to large hypermedia space. We present results of simulated learning experiments.

Chen, James R.; Mathe, Nathalie

1996-01-01

74

ITS POLICIES AND GUIDELINES CATEGORY: Information Technology Access  

E-print Network

ITS POLICIES AND GUIDELINES CATEGORY: Information Technology Access STATUS: Approved POLICY TITLE: Donna Liss Chief Information Officer Information Technology Services 100 East Normal Truman State, disciplinary action, suspension, termination of employment, dismissal from the University, and legal action

Gering, Jon C.

75

15 CFR 905.3 - Access to information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ENFORCEMENT PROCEEDINGS OF INFORMATION COLLECTED BY VOLUNTARY FISHERY DATA COLLECTORS § 905.3 Access to information. Information collected by a voluntary fishery data collector: (a) Is subject to disclosure to...

2013-01-01

76

15 CFR 905.3 - Access to information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ENFORCEMENT PROCEEDINGS OF INFORMATION COLLECTED BY VOLUNTARY FISHERY DATA COLLECTORS § 905.3 Access to information. Information collected by a voluntary fishery data collector: (a) Is subject to disclosure to...

2010-01-01

77

15 CFR 905.3 - Access to information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...ENFORCEMENT PROCEEDINGS OF INFORMATION COLLECTED BY VOLUNTARY FISHERY DATA COLLECTORS § 905.3 Access to information. Information collected by a voluntary fishery data collector: (a) Is subject to disclosure to...

2012-01-01

78

15 CFR 905.3 - Access to information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...ENFORCEMENT PROCEEDINGS OF INFORMATION COLLECTED BY VOLUNTARY FISHERY DATA COLLECTORS § 905.3 Access to information. Information collected by a voluntary fishery data collector: (a) Is subject to disclosure to...

2011-01-01

79

15 CFR 905.3 - Access to information.  

...ENFORCEMENT PROCEEDINGS OF INFORMATION COLLECTED BY VOLUNTARY FISHERY DATA COLLECTORS § 905.3 Access to information. Information collected by a voluntary fishery data collector: (a) Is subject to disclosure to...

2014-01-01

80

Towards dynamic access control for healthcare information systems.  

PubMed

Access control is a key feature of healthcare information systems to protect the privacy of patients and to ensure access to information as required by healthcare professionals. A problem with many existing access control mechanisms is their static nature. In this paper we propose combining workflow information from medical guidelines, observations and audit logs to create dynamic access rules that are adapted to the actual workings of a hospital. Our aim is to help minimize the use of "break the glass" access. PMID:18487814

Rřstad, Lillian; Nytrř, Oystein

2008-01-01

81

Enhancing access to health information in Africa: a librarian's perspective.  

PubMed

In recent years, tremendous progress has been made toward providing health information in Africa, in part because of technological advancements. Nevertheless, ensuring that information is accessible, comprehensible, and usable remains problematic, and there remain needs in many settings to address issues such as computer skills, literacy, and the infrastructure to access information. To determine how librarians might play a more strategic role in meeting information needs of health professionals in Africa, the author reviewed key components of information systems pertinent to knowledge management for the health sector, including access to global online resources, capacity to use computer technology for information retrieval, information literacy, and the potential for professional networks to play a role in improving access to and use of information. The author concluded that, in regions that lack adequate information systems, librarians could apply their knowledge and skills to facilitate access and use by information seekers. Ensuring access to and use of health information can also be achieved by engaging organizations and associations working to enhance access to health information, such as the Association for Health Information and Libraries in Africa. These groups can provide assistance through training, dissemination, information repackaging, and other approaches known to improve information literacy. PMID:22724668

Gathoni, Nasra

2012-01-01

82

Integration of language and sensor information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The talk describes the development of basic technologies of intelligent systems fusing data from multiple domains and leading to automated computational techniques for understanding data contents. Understanding involves inferring appropriate decisions and recommending proper actions, which in turn requires fusion of data and knowledge about objects, situations, and actions. Data might include sensory data, verbal reports, intelligence intercepts, or public records, whereas knowledge ought to encompass the whole range of objects, situations, people and their behavior, and knowledge of languages. In the past, a fundamental difficulty in combining knowledge with data was the combinatorial complexity of computations, too many combinations of data and knowledge pieces had to be evaluated. Recent progress in understanding of natural intelligent systems, including the human mind, leads to the development of neurophysiologically motivated architectures for solving these challenging problems, in particular the role of emotional neural signals in overcoming combinatorial complexity of old logic-based approaches. Whereas past approaches based on logic tended to identify logic with language and thinking, recent studies in cognitive linguistics have led to appreciation of more complicated nature of linguistic models. Little is known about the details of the brain mechanisms integrating language and thinking. Understanding and fusion of linguistic information with sensory data represent a novel challenging aspect of the development of integrated fusion systems. The presentation will describe a non-combinatorial approach to this problem and outline techniques that can be used for fusing diverse and uncertain knowledge with sensory and linguistic data.

Perlovsky, Leonid I.; Weijers, Bertus

2003-04-01

83

Searching the Web: general and scientific information access  

Microsoft Academic Search

The World Wide Web has revolutionized the way people access information, and has opened up new possibilities in areas such as digital libraries, general and scientific information dissemination and retrieval, education, commerce, entertainment, government and health care. There are many avenues for improvement of the Web; for example, in the areas of locating and organizing information. Current techniques for access

Steve Lawrence; C. Lee Giles

1999-01-01

84

AccessLimited Logic ---A Language for Knowledge Representation 1  

E-print Network

: : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 14 2.2.4 Access Paths : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 14 2 : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 29 2.4 Overview of the Built in Knowledge­Base : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 30 2 IRI­8602665, IRI­8905494, and IRI­8904454, by NASA grants NAG 2­507 and NAG 9­200, and by the Texas

Kuipers, Benjamin

85

AccessLimited Logic ---A Language for Knowledge Representation 1  

E-print Network

Calculus : : : : : : : : : : : : : 14 2.2.4 Access Paths : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 14 2 : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 29 2.4 Overview of the Built in Knowledge­Base : : : : : : : : : : : : 30 2.5 Availability of Code IRI­8602665, IRI­8905494, and IRI­8904454, by NASA grants NAG 2­507 and NAG 9­200, and by the Texas

Kuipers, Benjamin

86

Telecommunications as a Means to Access Health Information: An Exploratory Study of Migrants in Australia  

PubMed Central

Background Health policies increasingly promote e-health developments (e.g., consumers’ access to online health information) to engage patients in their health care. In order to make these developments available for culturally and socially diverse communities, not only do Internet accessibility, literacy and e-health literacy need to be taken into account, but consumers’ preferences and information seeking behaviours for accessing health information have also to be understood. These considerations are crucial when designing major new health policy directions, especially for migration destination countries with culturally diverse populations, such as Australia. The aim of this study was to examine how people from a culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) community use telecommunications (phone, mobile, Internet) to access health information. Design and Methods A case study was conducted using a questionnaire exploring the use of telecommunications to access health information among CALD people. The study was carried out at a community health centre in a socially and economically disadvantaged area of Melbourne, a city of 4 million people with a large CALD and migrant population. Questionnaires were translated into three languages and interpreters were provided. Fifty-nine questionnaires were completed by users of the community health centre. Results Most of the CALD participants did not have access to the Internet at home and very few reported using telecommunications to access health information. Conclusions The findings of the study suggest that telecommunications are not necessarily perceived to be an important channel for accessing health information by members of the CALD community. PMID:25170467

Greenstock, Louise; Woodward-Kron, Robyn; Fraser, Catriona; Bingham, Amie; Naccarella, Lucio; Elliott, Kristine; Morris, Michal

2012-01-01

87

Language as Information and the World  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Language attracts everyone on earth. That is because we have and use language. Although there are some minority languages that have limited expressions such as the lack of writing systems in "Aynu itak" and "Shona" languages, they can effectively express their emotion and thought with their languages. In addition, every human being can acquire…

Koga, Kant

2010-01-01

88

NLP Meets the Jabberwocky: Natural Language Processing in Information Retrieval.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on natural language processing (NLP) in information retrieval. Defines the seven levels at which people extract meaning from text/spoken language. Discusses the stages of information processing; how an information retrieval system works; advantages to adding full NLP to information retrieval systems; and common problems with information

Feldman, Susan

1999-01-01

89

Species Access Canada: Access to Specimen and Observation Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site provides information on Canadian species and contacts for finding species data. The information is categorized by: Aquatic Invertebrates; Birds (Aves); Butterflies (Lepidoptera); Fish (Agnatha, Chondrichthyes, Osteichthyes); Molluscs (Mollusca); Mosquitoes; Plants (Plantae); and Reptiles and Amphibians (Reptilia and Amphibia). The specimens can be searched by listing the number of records by taxon or number of records by collector/observer; or searching by taxonomic name, collector, or geographic area.

90

Literacy, Access, and Libraries among the Language Minority Population.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers on linguistic minorities and library use include: (1) "Why Consider the Library and Books?" (Stephen Krashen); (2) "Supporting Spanish Language Literacy: Latino Children and School and Community Libraries" (Sandra Pucci); (3) "'I Did Not Know You Could Get Such Things There!': Secondary ESL Students' Understanding, Use and Beliefs…

Constantino, Rebecca, Ed.

91

Accessing Second Language Learners' Understanding of Temporal Morphology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate how retrospective verbal reports can contribute to our understanding of the factors influencing the interlanguage development of tense and grammatical aspect. The goal was to gain insights into (1) the mental representations second language learners hold of tense and grammatical aspect, and (2) the…

Collins, Laura

2005-01-01

92

Seek, and ye shall find: Accessing the global epidemiological literature in different languages  

PubMed Central

The thematic series 'Beyond English: Accessing the global epidemiological literature' in Emerging Themes in Epidemiology highlights the wealth of epidemiological and public health literature in the major languages of the world, and the bibliographic databases through which they can be searched and accessed. This editorial suggests that all systematic reviews in epidemiology and public health should include literature published in the major languages of the world and that the use of regional and non-English bibliographic databases should become routine. PMID:18826609

Fung, Isaac CH

2008-01-01

93

Evaluation of Web Accessibility of Consumer Health Information Websites  

PubMed Central

The objectives of the study are to construct a comprehensive framework for web accessibility evaluation, to evaluate the current status of web accessibility of consumer health information websites and to investigate the relationship between web accessibility and property of the websites. We selected 108 consumer health information websites from the directory service of a Web search engine. We used Web accessibility specifications to construct a framework for the measurement of Web Accessibility Barriers (WAB) of website. We found that none of the websites is completely accessible to people with disabilities, but governmental and educational health information websites exhibit better performance on web accessibility than other categories of websites. We also found that the correlation between the WAB score and the popularity of a website is statistically significant. PMID:14728272

Zeng, Xiaoming; Parmanto, Bambang

2003-01-01

94

A Multimedia Framework for Second Language Teaching in Self-Access Environments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an account of a self-access language-teaching scheme operated at the University of Bologna (Italy) that was developed to teach English to university students by building a self-access environment available over a computer network. Discusses courseware, test generator, multimedia workstations, student use of laboratories, and future…

Tamburini, Fabio

1999-01-01

95

Designing Multilingual Information Access to Tate Online Paul Clough  

E-print Network

the national collection of British art from the 16th Century and international modern art. The Tate has one such as Constable and Turner. Like most cultural heritage institutions, the Tate provides online access to a large in access to cultural heritage resources (particularly in Europe), we believe that cross-language research

Sanderson, Mark

96

Meaning first: A case for language-independent access to word meaning in the bilingual brain  

PubMed Central

This study aimed to determine how deeply a word is processed in the bilingual brain before the word’s language membership plays a role in lexical selection. In two ERP experiments, balanced Spanish-English bilinguals read lists of words and pseudowords in Spanish and English, and performed in each language 1) a language-specific lexical decision task, e.g., respond to real words in Spanish, and 2) a language-specific category decision tasks, e.g., respond to Spanish words that refer to a person. In Experiment 1, infrequent words elicited larger negativity between 350–650 msec post-stimulus onset for both target and non-target languages. This indicates that language membership did not block lexical access of non-target words, contrary to previous findings. In Experiment 2, we measured the onset of the target-category P300 as a way of determining if words from the non-target language were temporarily treated as targets. When Spanish was the target language, the ERP waveforms diverged early based on semantic category (people versus non-people), indicating that non-target ‘English people’ words were briefly treated as potential targets. This finding indicates that meaning was accessed prior to using language membership for lexical selection. However, when English was the target language, the waveforms diverged first based on language (Spanish versus English) then semantic category. We argue that the order in which meaning or language membership are accessed may be based on the frequency of use of a bilingual’s languages: the more frequently a language is used (English was more frequently used herein), the faster the words are identified as members of the language, and the greater interference it causes when it is not the target language. In brief, these findings make the case for a moment in processing when language membership matters less than meaning. PMID:23376051

Ng, Shukhan; Wicha, Nicole Y. Y.

2013-01-01

97

7 CFR 2903.18 - Access to review information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) OFFICE OF ENERGY POLICY AND NEW USES, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BIODIESEL FUEL EDUCATION PROGRAM Supplementary Information § 2903.18 Access to review information. Copies of reviews,...

2010-01-01

98

Providing Access to Electronic Information Resources in Further Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article aims to provide a baseline for future studies on the provision and support for the use of digital or electronic information services (EIS) in further education. The analysis presented is based on a multi-level model of access, which encompasses access to and availability of information and communication technology (ICT) resources,…

Banwell, Linda; Ray, Kathryn; Coulson, Graham; Urquhart, Christine; Lonsdale, Ray; Armstrong, Chris; Thomas, Rhian; Spink, Sin; Yeoman, Alison; Fenton, Roger; Rowley, Jennifer

2004-01-01

99

Open Access and Civic Scientific Information Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: We examine how residents and citizens of The Netherlands perceive open access to acquire preliminary insight into the role it might play in cultivating civic scientific literacy. Open access refers to scientific or scholarly research literature available on the Web to scholars and the general public in free online journals and…

Zuccala, Alesia

2010-01-01

100

Seeking health information online: does limited healthcare access matter?  

PubMed

Consumers facing barriers to healthcare access may use online health information seeking and online communication with physicians, but the empirical relationship has not been sufficiently analyzed. Our study examines the association of barriers to healthcare access with consumers' health-related information searching on the internet, use of health chat groups, and email communication with physicians, using data from 27,210 adults from the 2009 National Health Interview Survey. Individuals with financial barriers to healthcare access, difficulty getting timely appointments with doctors, and conflicts in scheduling during clinic hours are more likely to search for general health information online than those without these access barriers. Those unable to get timely appointments with physicians are more likely to participate in health chat groups and email physicians. The internet may offer a low-cost source of health information and could help meet the heightened demand for health-related information among those facing access barriers to care. PMID:24948558

Bhandari, Neeraj; Shi, Yunfeng; Jung, Kyoungrae

2014-01-01

101

Language-based access to large sensor repositories.  

PubMed

Sensor data have broadened their scope recently, ranging now from the simple time series measurements to, e.g., hyperspectral satellite image maps timeseries. In addition to observed data, simulation data increasingly have to be merged, for example 4-D ocean and atmospheric data. The majority of these data fall into the category of multi-dimensional rasters. However, when it comes to flexible retrieval, including sensor data search, aggregation, analysis, fusion, etc., standard query language support in the past has not kept up with the service level of, e.g., metadata retrieval. To close this gap, the Open GeoSpatial Consortium (OGC) has issued the Web Coverage Processing Service (WCPS) Standard in December 2008. WCPS defines a request language for multi-dimensional raster data, suitable for specifying navigation, download, and analysis of sensor, image, and statistics data. This contribution emphasises sensor data modeling and the perspectives for an integrated, cross-dimensional sensor data retrieval. Further, the WCPS reference implementation is briefly discussed. PMID:22574054

Baumann, Peter

2009-01-01

102

Language-Based Access to Large Sensor Repositories  

PubMed Central

Sensor data have broadened their scope recently, ranging now from the simple time series measurements to, e.g., hyperspectral satellite image maps timeseries. In addition to observed data, simulation data increasingly have to be merged, for example 4-D ocean and atmospheric data. The majority of these data fall into the category of multi-dimensional rasters. However, when it comes to flexible retrieval, including sensor data search, aggregation, analysis, fusion, etc., standard query language support in the past has not kept up with the service level of, e.g., metadata retrieval. To close this gap, the Open GeoSpatial Consortium (OGC) has issued the Web Coverage Processing Service (WCPS) Standard in December 2008. WCPS defines a request language for multi-dimensional raster data, suitable for specifying navigation, download, and analysis of sensor, image, and statistics data. This contribution emphasises sensor data modeling and the perspectives for an integrated, cross-dimensional sensor data retrieval. Further, the WCPS reference implementation is briefly discussed. PMID:22574054

Baumann, Peter

2009-01-01

103

29 CFR 500.78 - Information in foreign language.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Information in foreign language. 500.78 Section 500.78 Labor... § 500.78 Information in foreign language. Each farm labor contractor...and reasonable, in Spanish or another language common to migrant or seasonal...

2010-07-01

104

29 CFR 500.78 - Information in foreign language.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Information in foreign language. 500.78 Section 500.78 Labor... § 500.78 Information in foreign language. Each farm labor contractor...and reasonable, in Spanish or another language common to migrant or seasonal...

2011-07-01

105

ISL - A New Programming Language for Information Retrieval.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The core of this software package for information retrieval is a new language called Information Search Language (ISL). It was developed to facilitate the manipulation of real character strings in an interactive environment. The discussion of the ISL language and some of its characteristics is followed by a description of two application programs,…

Chien, R. T.; And Others

106

Two Languages Are More Informative Than One  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a new approach for resolving lexical ambiguities in one language using statistical data on lexical relations in another language. This approach exploits the differences between mappings of words to senses in different languages. We concentrate on the problem of target word selection in machine translation, for which the approach is directly applicable, and employ a statistical model

Ido Dagan; Alon Itai; Ulrike Schwall

1991-01-01

107

Problems and Approaches to Cross Language Information Retrieval.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the problems and current research techniques being explored in the area of Cross Language Information Retrieval (CLIR) for finding documents in languages other than the original query. Discusses language identification methods, techniques for automatically generating queries in other languages, and retrieving and merging query results.…

Grefenstette, Gregory

1998-01-01

108

16 CFR 6.152 - Program accessibility: Electronic and information technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...accessibility: Electronic and information technology. 6.152 Section 6...accessibility: Electronic and information technology. (a) When developing...or using electronic and information technology, the Commission...

2010-01-01

109

48 CFR 3004.470 - Security requirements for access to unclassified facilities, Information Technology resources...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...access to unclassified facilities, Information Technology resources, and sensitive information. 3004.470 Section 3004.470...access to unclassified facilities, Information Technology resources, and sensitive...

2010-10-01

110

39 CFR 255.4 - Accessibility to electronic and information technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Accessibility to electronic and information technology. 255.4 Section 255...FACILITIES, AND ELECTRONIC AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY § 255.4 Accessibility to electronic and information technology. (a) In...

2011-07-01

111

16 CFR 6.152 - Program accessibility: Electronic and information technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...accessibility: Electronic and information technology. 6.152 Section 6...accessibility: Electronic and information technology. (a) When developing...or using electronic and information technology, the Commission...

2011-01-01

112

48 CFR 352.239-73 - Electronic information and technology accessibility.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...provision: Electronic and Information Technology Accessibility (January...clause: Electronic and Information Technology Accessibility (January...1998, all electronic and information technology (EIT) products and...

2011-10-01

113

48 CFR 3004.470 - Security requirements for access to unclassified facilities, Information Technology resources...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...access to unclassified facilities, Information Technology resources, and sensitive information. 3004.470 Section 3004.470...access to unclassified facilities, Information Technology resources, and sensitive...

2011-10-01

114

28 CFR 17.47 - Denial or revocation of eligibility for access to classified information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...revocation of eligibility for access to classified information. 17.47 Section 17.47 Judicial...OF JUSTICE CLASSIFIED NATIONAL SECURITY INFORMATION AND ACCESS TO CLASSIFIED INFORMATION Access to Classified Information §...

2012-07-01

115

Information-flow Analysis of Hibernate Query Language  

E-print Network

Information-flow Analysis of Hibernate Query Language Agostino Cortesi1 and Raju Halder2 1, halder@iitp.ac.in Abstract. Hibernate Query Language (HQL) provides a framework for mappingobject or indirectly) the propagation of confidential data. Keywords: Hibernate

Cortesi, Tino

116

Creating communicatively accessible healthcare environments: perceptions of speech-language pathologists.  

PubMed

There is a growing body of research that indicates that a person with a communication disability communicates and participates more effectively given a communicatively accessible environment. If this research is to be translated into practice then one needs to determine who will take on the role of creating communicatively accessible environments. This research adopted a qualitative methodology to explore the perceptions of speech-language pathologists about working to create communicatively accessible healthcare settings. Fifteen speech-language pathologists in three focus groups participated in this research. The focus group discussions were transcribed and analysed thematically. Thematic analysis indicated that speech-language pathologists believe there are four main benefits in creating communicatively accessible healthcare environments. These are Benefits for all people: Access for all, Benefits for healthcare administrators, Benefits for those wanting to improve communication with patients, and Benefits to the capacity to provide communicatively accessible environments. However, they believe these benefits can only be achieved if; The communication resources are available, Skilled, knowledgeable and supportive healthcare providers are available; and Systems are in place to support a whole-of-hospital approach. This research supports the development of a new role to improve the communicative accessibility of healthcare settings. PMID:24665913

O'Halloran, Robyn; Lee, Yan Shan; Rose, Miranda; Liamputtong, Pranee

2014-12-01

117

Negative Evidence in Language Classroom Activities: A Study of Its Availability and Accessibility to Language Learners.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study identified and described the ways in which negative evidence was made available and accessible to learners during two widely practiced classroom activities. One was a teacher-led discussion that emphasized communication of subject matter content. The other was a teacher-led sentence construction exercise that focused on application of…

Pica, Teresa; Washburn, Gay N.

2002-01-01

118

Student Application Native Language Use and Informal Science Learning  

E-print Network

Student Application Native Language Use and Informal Science Learning Yellowstone and Altai information: http://www.montana.edu/news/11978/msu-team-wins-grant-to-study-informal-science- education Science Foundation to study how indigenous peoples' native language use in two similar yet distinct parts

Maxwell, Bruce D.

119

Structural and Cognitive Bottlenecks to Information Access in Social Networks  

E-print Network

Information in networks is non-uniformly distributed, enabling individuals in certain network positions to get preferential access to information. Social scientists have developed influential theories about the role of network structure in information access. These theories were validated through numerous studies, which examined how individuals leverage their social networks for competitive advantage, such as a new job or higher compensation. It is not clear how these theories generalize to online networks, which differ from real-world social networks in important respects, including asymmetry of social links. We address this problem by analyzing how users of the social news aggregator Digg adopt stories recommended by friends, i.e., users they follow. We measure the impact different factors, such as network position and activity rate; have on access to novel information, which in Digg's case means set of distinct news stories. We show that a user can improve his information access by linking to active users,...

Kang, Jeon-Hyung

2013-01-01

120

Open access for the non-English-speaking world: overcoming the language barrier  

PubMed Central

This editorial highlights the problem of language barrier in scientific communication in spite of the recent success of Open Access Movement. Four options for English-language journals to overcome the language barrier are suggested: 1) abstracts in alternative languages provided by authors, 2) Wiki open translation, 3) international board of translator-editors, and 4) alternative language version of the journal. The Emerging Themes in Epidemiology announces that with immediate effect, it will accept translations of abstracts or full texts by authors as Additional files. Editorial note: In an effort towards overcoming the language barrier in scientific publication, ETE will accept translations of abstracts or the full text of published articles. Each translation should be submitted separately as an Additional File in PDF format. ETE will only peer review English-language versions. Therefore, translations will not be scrutinized in the review-process and the responsibility for accurate translation rests with the authors. PMID:18173854

Fung, Isaac CH

2008-01-01

121

Access to the Astrophysics Science Information and Abstract System  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Astrophysics Science Information and Abstract System (ASIAS) is sponsored by NASA to make astronomical data and literature references available to the astronomical community. It provides access to abstracts, full article images in bitmapped form, and catalog and archive data through the World Wide Web. These services are accessible through the ADS Data Services page at http:||adswww.harvard.edu|ads.services.html.

G. Eichhorn; A. Accomazzi; C. S. Grant; M. J. Kurtz; S. S. Murray

1995-01-01

122

Document access in a multi-party information management system  

Microsoft Academic Search

A multi-party information management system such as an electronic contract system deals with a large number of secure documents for many organizations. The access and retrieval of these documents for different organizational users are very complex. In this paper, we present a sequencing access model, that dictates who and when a given version of a document can be retrieved, viewed

Trieu C. Chieu; Thao Nguyen; Kakan Roy

2008-01-01

123

Enhancing Access to NTIS Information through Libraries: A Proposal.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers current and potential uses of libraries as National Technical Information Service (NTIS) access points, describes the library community's strengths and weaknesses, and suggests future trends. A proposal for using libraries as vehicles for broader access for current and potential NTIS users is outlined. (Contains 32 references.) (EAM)

Shill, Harold B.

1993-01-01

124

EarthServer: Information Retrieval and Query Language  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Establishing open, unified, seamless, access and ad-hoc analytics on cross-disciplinary, multi-source, multi-dimensional, spatiotemporal Earth Science data of extreme-size and their supporting metadata are the main challenges of the EarthServer project (www.earthserver.eu), funded by the European Commission under its Seventh Framework Program. One of EarthServer's main objectives is to provide users with higher level coverage and metadata search, retrieval and processing capabilities to multi-disciplinary Earth Science data. Six Lighthouse Applications are being established, each one providing access to Cryospheric, Airborne, Atmospheric, Geology, Oceanography and Planetary science raster data repositories through strictly WCS 2.0 standard based service endpoints. EarthServers' information retrieval subsystem aims towards exploiting the WCS endpoints through a physically and logically distributed service oriented architecture, foreseeing the collaboration of several standard compliant services, capable of exploiting modern large grid and cloud infrastructures and of dynamically responding to availability and capabilities of underlying resources. Towards furthering technology for integrated, coherent service provision based on WCS and WCPS the concept of a query language (QL), unifying coverage and metadata processing and retrieval is introduced. EarthServer's information retrieval subsystem receives QL requests involving high volumes of all Earth Science data categories, executes them on the services that reside on the infrastructure and sends the results back to the requester through a high performance pipeline. In this contribution we briefly discuss EarthServer's service oriented coverage data and metadata search and retrieval architecture and further elaborate on the potentials of EarthServer's Query Language, called xWCPS (XQuery compliant WCPS). xWCPS aims towards merging the path that the two widely adopted standards (W3C XQuery, OGC WCPS) have paved, into a new construct allowing "mixed search" on both OGC coverages and XML-represented metadata and also returning "mixed results" further enabling seamless geospatial and array, combined data and metadata, processing under a familiar syntactic formalism. xWCPS is a superset of WCPS closely following XQuery's syntax and philosophy, further extending it with capabilities to handle coverages, array and multidimensional data, allowing different degrees of compliance to its results and opening new possibilities for data definition, processing and interoperability. Our long term vision for xWCPS is from the one hand to enable coverage and corresponding metadata retrieval, irrespective of their actual origin and form and from the other hand to offer syntactic constructs for data definition and data manipulation. Thus xWCPS queries could potentially employ distributed services to access diverse, cross-disciplinary and physically distributed data sources, data within them and metadata about them without directly specifying which coverages to employ, which parts come from metadata and which come from data processing (aggregates) functions. Respectively a Data Definition Language could allow schema definition and a Data Manipulation Language could enable updates, inserts, and deletes of data handled by an xWCPS system. xWCPS's specification is currently in draft form. We intend to initiate the corresponding OGC standardization activity with the finalization of the specification of the language.

Perperis, Thanassis; Koltsida, Panagiota; Kakaletris, George

2013-04-01

125

Future Possibilities in Information Technology and Access.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Includes two articles that discuss science fiction and future possibilities in information technology: "'Jurassic Park' and Al Jolson: Thinking about the Information Revolution" (Connie Willis) and "The Good and the Bad: Outlines of Tomorrow" (David Brin). (LRW)

Wolf, Milton, Ed.; And Others

1994-01-01

126

HOW TO ACCESS TREATMENT TECHNOLOGY INFORMATION  

EPA Science Inventory

ATTIC (Alternative Treatment Technology Information Center) is an on-line computer database and repository for information on remediation and treatment technologies. t contains several of EPA's technology databases, including the Treatment Technology Database, the RREL (Risk Redu...

127

Long-Term Information Preservation and Access  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An unprecedented amount of information encompassing almost every facet of human activities across the world is generated daily in the form of zeros and ones, and that is often the only form in which such information is recorded. A good fraction of this information needs to be preserved for periods of time ranging from a few years to centuries.…

Song, Sang Chul

2010-01-01

128

Recommendations concerning energy information model documentation, public access, and evaluation  

E-print Network

In this study we provide an analysis of the factors underlying Congressional concern regarding model documentation, policies for public access, and evaluation procedures of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) and ...

Wood, David O.

1979-01-01

129

49 CFR 633.15 - Access to information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...to Transportation (Continued) FEDERAL TRANSIT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PROJECT MANAGEMENT OVERSIGHT Project Management Oversight Services § 633.15 Access to information. A recipient of FTA funds for a...

2010-10-01

130

French MeSH Browser: a cross-language tool to access MEDLINE/PubMed.  

PubMed

When searching the medical literature, health professionals and lay people strongly prefer to use their native language. Therefore, Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) translations would be helpful to those who are not fluent in English to access scientific papers indexed in the MEDLINE bibliographic database. Furthermore, medical terminologies such as MeSH are challenging in any language. In this context, a French MeSH Browser was developed. PMID:18694229

Thirion, Benoit; Pereira, Susanne; Névéol, Aurélie; Dahamna, Badisse; Darmoni, Stéfan

2007-01-01

131

The Foreign-Language Barrier and Electronic Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the extent to which online use of databases is affected by a foreign language barrier. Topics discussed include the effects in western Europe on establishing a uniform information market; database distribution by language; retrieval software; contracts, documentation, and training; and databases that try to overcome the language barrier.…

Large, J. Andrew

1990-01-01

132

Cross-Language Information Retrieval: An Analysis of Errors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates an automatic method for Cross Language Information Retrieval (CLIR) that utilizes the multilingual Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) Metathesaurus to translate Spanish natural-language queries into English. Results indicate that for Spanish, the UMLS Metathesaurus-based CLIR method is at least equivalent to if not better than…

Ruiz, Miguel E.; Srinivasan, Padmini

1998-01-01

133

English Language Please contact us for more information  

E-print Network

of teaching English as a Second Language and have lived and taught in countries all over the world. StudentsMinnesota English Language Program Please contact us for more information: Minnesota English English Language Program, along with a copy of your high school diploma or college transcript and your

Amin, S. Massoud

134

Informal Language Learning Setting: Technology or Social Interaction?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on the informal language learning theory, language learning can occur outside the classroom setting unconsciously and incidentally through interaction with the native speakers or exposure to authentic language input through technology. However, an EFL context lacks the social interaction which naturally occurs in an ESL context. To explore…

Bahrani, Taher; Sim, Tam Shu

2012-01-01

135

48 CFR 352.239-73 - Electronic information and technology accessibility.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Electronic information and technology accessibility. 352.239-73 Section...239-73 Electronic information and technology accessibility. (a) As prescribed...provision: Electronic and Information Technology Accessibility (January...

2013-10-01

136

48 CFR 352.239-73 - Electronic information and technology accessibility.  

... false Electronic information and technology accessibility. 352.239-73 Section...239-73 Electronic information and technology accessibility. (a) As prescribed...provision: Electronic and Information Technology Accessibility (January...

2014-10-01

137

48 CFR 352.239-73 - Electronic information and technology accessibility.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Electronic information and technology accessibility. 352.239-73 Section...239-73 Electronic information and technology accessibility. (a) As prescribed...provision: Electronic and Information Technology Accessibility (January...

2010-10-01

138

Demonstrating Interoperability and Heterogeneous Resource Access: The Scientific Resource Access System (SRAS) and the Space Physics Data Markup Language (SPDML)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Answering complex science questions often means that a scientist must find and use a variety of scientific resources. These resources can include everything from static data in various formats to complex data assimilation models to format converters and analysis tools. We have developed a testbed that demonstrates an innovative approach to interoperability--integrating a prototype heterogeneous resource access system and a new, extensible space science data description language to provides easy, quick, and conceptual access to interdisciplinary science data. The Scientific Resource Access System (SRAS) prototypes novel concepts to create a loosely coupled architecture, making it possible to integrate heterogeneous resources, including other systems, into a single conceptual interface. The Space Physics Data Markup Language (SPDML) is a prototype system that provides a standard method of data querying that enables the development of an extensible standard for next generation multi-mission catalog searching capabilities (http://sd-www.jhuapl.edu/SPDML). Each system exists independently, but the two can interoperate--with even more capability to support interdisciplinary scientific enquiry.

Daley, R.; Weiss, M.; Morrison, D.; Immer, E.; Fortner, B.; Jen, J.; Hashemian, M.; Steele, J.

2004-12-01

139

Science information systems: Archive, access, and retrieval  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The objective of this research is to develop technology for the automated characterization and interactive retrieval and visualization of very large, complex scientific data sets. Technologies will be developed for the following specific areas: (1) rapidly archiving data sets; (2) automatically characterizing and labeling data in near real-time; (3) providing users with the ability to browse contents of databases efficiently and effectively; (4) providing users with the ability to access and retrieve system independent data sets electronically; and (5) automatically alerting scientists to anomalies detected in data.

Campbell, William J.

1991-01-01

140

An Expressive and Efficient Language for XML Information Retrieval.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses XML and information retrieval and describes a query language, ELIXIR (expressive and efficient language for XML information retrieval), with a textual similarity operator that can be used for similarity joins. Explains the algorithm for answering ELIXIR queries to generate intermediate relational data. (Author/LRW)

Chinenyanga, Taurai Tapiwa; Kushmerick, Nicholas

2002-01-01

141

The Design of a Computer Language for Linguistic Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

A considerable body of accumulated knowledge about the design of languages for communicating information to computers has been derived from the subfields of programming language design and semantics. It has been the goal of the PATR group at SRI to utilize a relevant portion of this knowledge in implementing tools to facilitate communication of linguistic information to computers. The PATR-II

Stuart M. Shieber

1984-01-01

142

Applying the Web ontology language to management information definitions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The extended markup language (XML) has emerged in the Internet world as a standard representation format, which can be useful to describe and transmit management information. However, XML formats alone do not give formal semantics to it. To solve this question, ontology languages based on the resource description framework can be used to improve the expressiveness of management information specifications.

Jorge E. López de Vergara; V. A. Villagra; J. Berrocal

2004-01-01

143

Informal and Formal Requirements Specification Languages: Bridging the Gap  

Microsoft Academic Search

The differences between informal and formal requirements specification languages are noted, and the issue of bridging the gap between them is discussed. Using structured analysis (SA) and the Vienna development method (VDM) as surrogates for informal and formal languages, respectively, two approaches are presented for integrating the two. The first approach uses the SA model of a system to guide

Martin D. Fraser; Kuldeep Kumar; Vijay K. Vaishnavi

1991-01-01

144

CILT: Centre for Information on Language Teaching and Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

CILT, the Centre for Information on Language Teaching and Research, is an independent nonprofit agency based in the UK that supports the collection and dissemination of information related to the instruction of modern languages. This extensive site details CILT services, projects, initiatives, and research; provides several lists of authoritative educational publications; and posts a calendar of courses, conferences, and training.

145

Carpet or Carcel: The Effect of Age of Acquisition and Language Mode on Bilingual Lexical Access  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lexical access was examined in English-Spanish bilinguals by monitoring eye fixations on target and lexical competitors as participants followed spoken instructions in English to click on one of the objects presented on a computer (e.g., "Click on the beans"). Within-language lexical competitors had a phoneme onset in English that was shared with…

Canseco-Gonzalez, Enriqueta; Brehm, Laurel; Brick, Cameron A.; Brown-Schmidt, Sarah; Fischer, Kara; Wagner, Katie

2010-01-01

146

A Type System for Access Control Views in Object-Oriented Languages  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Access control to objects in common object-oriented languages is statically verified but cannot be changed at run-time. However, dynamic authorization is required by most applications and it would be desirable to check more flexible access control policies also statically, at least partially. In this work, we introduce a model where "views" to object references represent the current access control policy of a principal for a given object, and first class authorizations support dynamic modification of those policies. To demonstrate our concepts, we have developed a core language, equipped with a provably correct type and effect system capable of detecting unauthorized method calls at compile-time, and defined and implemented a typechecking algorithm.

Pires, Mário; Caires, Luís

147

Information structures in language directed architectures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Only recently has the design of computer architectures deviated from the Von Neumann style. Most architectures based on the Von Neumann architecture suffer from what is called 'the semantic gap'. This means that the objects and operations in a high level language (HLL) are not closely related to the objects and operations in the architectures that execute the HLL [1].

Rajendra S. Katti; L. Manwaring

1989-01-01

148

Research Informing Practice--Practice Informing Research: Innovative Teaching Methologies for World Language Teachers. Research in Second Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Research Informing Practice--Practice Informing Research: Innovative Teaching Methodologies for World Language Educators" is an edited volume that focuses on innovative, nontraditional methods of teaching and learning world languages. Using teacher-research projects, each author in the volume guides readers through their own personal journey and…

Schwarzer, David, Ed.; Petron, Mary, Ed.; Luke, Christopher, Ed.

2011-01-01

149

Enabling cross-organisation access to legacy healthcare information systems  

E-print Network

Enabling cross-organisation access to legacy healthcare information systems in ARTEMIS using to electronically available patient-centric information across the boundaries of healthcare organisations is mostly of medical organisations, the need for cost reduction e. g. by avoiding unnecessary examinations

Appelrath, Hans-JĂĽrgen

150

Exploiting Information Access Patterns for Context-Based Retrieval  

E-print Network

on this local information, but also on information about the user's behavior over time. This paper discusses descriptions of these contexts in real time, without needing to accumulate comprehensive statistics about to access groups of documents over time, and predicts document relevance based on similarity of the extended

Leake, David B.

151

Finland's strategy and implementation of citizens' access to health information.  

PubMed

The strategy for utilizing information technology in the field of social welfare and health care in Finland was published in 1996. It was redefined in the year 2006. This updated strategy defined basic principles how digitized EHRs should be stored, accessed, disclosed and archived. The strategy together with new legislation opened the right to patients and citizens to access their own EHRs, ePrescriptions and audit-logs via the Internet. A national WEB-service platform forms the base for both public and private eHealth applications. National identification and PKI-services cover health professionals, patients and entities. Citizen's consent management is provided at national level. The access to personal health information is managed using rules derived from legislation. The roll-out of the national health information infrastructure with citizen access to personal health information should by law be finalized before the end of 2011. The implementation of the NHII is demanding, but the real challenge is to clearly understand what the impacts of citizen access to personal health information are and to what direction this kind of services should be developed. At the present state, the Finnish EHR-archive contains only information created by a health professional. Citizens' eHealth services can not be limited to the use of regulated EHR data and ePrescriptions. For health promotion, proactive prevention and health prediction more comprehensive information is needed. Therefore the next step is to develop legislation and to build a trusted environment for the use and access of heterogeneous health and welfare information. PMID:18560100

Ruotsalainen, Pekka; Iivari, Anna-Kaisa; Doupi, Persephone

2008-01-01

152

Toxicological information on chemicals published in the Russian language: Contribution to REACH and 3Rs.  

PubMed

This review is reporting on the current situation of publicly available toxicological and ecotoxicological information on chemicals published in Russian language in various libraries, databases as well as in the Internet. This information can be beneficial for the new EU chemical policy REACH and for the development of intelligent testing strategies (involving also QSAR and QAAR) that enable a significant increase in the use of non-testing information for regulatory decision making, thus minimizing the need for animal testing according to the 3R's strategy. Currently, the access to this information is limited due to the language barrier and low level of digitalization of respective journals and books. Fortunately, on-line translation services are overcoming language barriers already now. PMID:19433131

Sihtmäe, Mariliis; Dubourguier, Henri-Charles; Kahru, Anne

2009-07-28

153

Intelligent Access to Sequence and Structure Databases (IASSD) ? an interface for accessing information from major web databases  

PubMed Central

With the advent of age of big data and advances in high throughput technology accessing data has become one of the most important step in the entire knowledge discovery process. Most users are not able to decipher the query result that is obtained when non specific keywords or a combination of keywords are used. Intelligent access to sequence and structure databases (IASSD) is a desktop application for windows operating system. It is written in Java and utilizes the web service description language (wsdl) files and Jar files of E-utilities of various databases such as National Centre for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) and Protein Data Bank (PDB). Apart from that IASSD allows the user to view protein structure using a JMOL application which supports conditional editing. Availability The Jar file is freely available through e-mail from the corresponding author.

Ganguli, Sayak; Gupta, Manoj Kumar; Basu, Protip; Banik, Rahul; Singh, Pankaj Kumar; Vishal, Vineet; Bera, Abhisek Ranjan; Chakraborty, Hirak Jyoti; Das, Sasti Gopal

2014-01-01

154

FromTo-CLIR: Web-Based Natural Language Interface for Cross-Language Information Retrieval.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the implementation of FromTo-CLIR, a Web-based natural-language interface for cross-language information retrieval that was tested with Korean and Japanese. Proposes a method that uses a semantic category tree and collocation to resolve the ambiguity of query translation. (Author/LRW)

Kim, Taewan; Sim, Chul-Min; Yuh, Sanghwa; Jung, Hanmin; Kim, Young-Kil; Choi, Sung-Kwon; Park, Dong-In; Choi, Key Sun

1999-01-01

155

77 FR 6168 - 60-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: English Language Evaluation Surveys, OMB...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Proposed Information Collection: English Language Evaluation Surveys, OMB Control Number...Title of Information Collection: English Language Evaluation: Fulbright English Teaching...Title of Information Collection: English Language Evaluation: English Language...

2012-02-07

156

The medical information highway: where is the access ramp?  

PubMed

In this article, an analogy is drawn between a health care information system and a freeway transportation system. Unfinished access ramps and disconnected road sections are likened to unlinked computer information systems. It is not until there is "connectivity" between roadways that vehicles can take advantage of the efficiencies of a freeway system or until there are comprehensive, integrated information systems that quality health care can be provided. The Greater Victoria Hospital Society used quality improvement techniques to improve the medical information highway, and theories of change management to encourage physician leaders to "buy into" the information system to produce needed change in the organization and in patient care. PMID:10153379

Knock, M; Newsome, D; Poole, B

1995-01-01

157

The Lemur Toolkit for Language Modeling and Information Retrieval  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sponsored by the Advanced Research and Development Activity in Information Technology (ARDA) under its Statistical Language Modeling for Information Retrieval Research Program, the Lemur Project has recently announced the availability of the Lemur Toolkit for Language Modeling and Information Retrieval, version 1.0. The Lemur Toolkit is designed to help carry out research in areas such as ad hoc and distributed retrieval, cross-language IR, summarization, filtering, and classification. The toolkit supports indexing of large-scale text databases, the construction of simple language models for documents, queries, and more. The system, which is written in C and C++ languages, is designed as a research system to run under Unix operating systems, although it can also run under Windows. As part of the Lemur Project, the Lemur Toolkit is a collaboration between the Computer Science Department at the University of Massachusetts and the School of Computer Science at Carnegie Mellon University.

2002-01-01

158

ISAIA: Interoperable Systems for Archival Information Access  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The ISAIA project was originally proposed in 1999 as a successor to the informal AstroBrowse project. AstroBrowse, which provided a data location service for astronomical archives and catalogs, was a first step toward data system integration and interoperability. The goals of ISAIA were ambitious: '...To develop an interdisciplinary data location and integration service for space science. Building upon existing data services and communications protocols, this service will allow users to transparently query hundreds or thousands of WWW-based resources (catalogs, data, computational resources, bibliographic references, etc.) from a single interface. The service will collect responses from various resources and integrate them in a seamless fashion for display and manipulation by the user.' Funding was approved only for a one-year pilot study, a decision that in retrospect was wise given the rapid changes in information technology in the past few years and the emergence of the Virtual Observatory initiatives in the US and worldwide. Indeed, the ISAIA pilot study was influential in shaping the science goals, system design, metadata standards, and technology choices for the virtual observatory. The ISAIA pilot project also helped to cement working relationships among the NASA data centers, US ground-based observatories, and international data centers. The ISAIA project was formed as a collaborative effort between thirteen institutions that provided data to astronomers, space physicists, and planetary scientists. Among the fruits we ultimately hoped would come from this project would be a central site on the Web that any space scientist could use to efficiently locate existing data relevant to a particular scientific question. Furthermore, we hoped that the needed technology would be general enough to allow smaller, more-focused community within space science could use the same technologies and standards to provide more specialized services. A major challenge to searching for data across a broad community is that information that describe some data products are either not relevant to other data or not applicable in the same way. Some previous metadata standard development efforts (e.g., in the earth science and library communities) have produced standards that are very large and difficult to support. To address this problem, we studied how a standard may be divided into separable pieces. Data providers that wish to participate in interoperable searches can support only those parts of the standard that are relevant to them. We prototyped a top-level metadata standard that was small and applicable to all space science data.

Hanisch, Robert J.

2002-01-01

159

Access and control of information and intellectual property  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper introduces the technology of two pioneering patents for the secure distribution of information and intellectual property. The seminal technology has been used in the control of sensitive material such as medical records and imagery in distributed networks. It lends itself to the implementation of an open architecture access control system that provides local or remote user selective access to digital information stored on any computer system or storage medium, down to the data element, pixel, and sub-pixel levels. Use of this technology is especially suited for electronic publishing, health care records, MIS, and auditing.

Lang, Gerald S.

1996-03-01

160

Information extraction to facilitate translation of natural language legislation  

E-print Network

There is a large body of existing legislation and policies that govern how government organizations and corporations can share information. Since these rules are generally expressed in natural language, it is difficult and ...

Wang, Samuel (Samuel Siyue)

2011-01-01

161

Multilingual Information Access: the MuST System and its Integration with Systran  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of the MuST [1] project is to develop a prototype system to facilitate not only retrieving documents from multilingual collections, but also to summarize and translate the retrieved document into the user's preferred language. We focus on the integration of state-of-the-art technologies, try to identify the critical path of enabling multilingual information access, and propose possible solutions. As

Chin-Yew Lin; Eduard Hovy

162

Challenges in Information Retrieval and Language Modeling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information retrieval (IR) research has reached a\\u000apoint where it is appropriate to assess progress and\\u000ato define a research agenda for the next five to ten\\u000ayears. This report summarizes a discussion of IR\\u000aresearch challenges that took place at a recent\\u000aworkshop.\\u000aThe attendees of the workshop considered\\u000ainformation retrieval research in a range of areas\\u000achosen to

J. Allen; J. Aslam; N. Belkin; C. Buckley; J. Callan; W. B. Croft; S. Dumais; N. Fuhr; D. Harman; D. J. Harper; D. Hiemstra; T. Hofmann; E. Hovey; W. Kraaij; J. Lafferty; V. Lavrenko; D. Lewis; L. Liddy; R. Manmatha; A. McCallum; J. Ponte; J. Prager; D. Radev; P. Resnik; S. E. Robertson; R. Rosenfeld; S. Roukos; M. Sanderson; R. Schwartz; A. Singhal; A. Smeaton; H. Turtle; E. M. Voorhees; R. Weischedel; J. Xu; B. C. Zhai

2003-01-01

163

SIDECACHE: Information access, management and dissemination framework for web services  

PubMed Central

Background Many bioinformatics algorithms and data sets are deployed using web services so that the results can be explored via the Internet and easily integrated into other tools and services. These services often include data from other sites that is accessed either dynamically or through file downloads. Developers of these services face several problems because of the dynamic nature of the information from the upstream services. Many publicly available repositories of bioinformatics data frequently update their information. When such an update occurs, the developers of the downstream service may also need to update. For file downloads, this process is typically performed manually followed by web service restart. Requests for information obtained by dynamic access of upstream sources is sometimes subject to rate restrictions. Findings SideCache provides a framework for deploying web services that integrate information extracted from other databases and from web sources that are periodically updated. This situation occurs frequently in biotechnology where new information is being continuously generated and the latest information is important. SideCache provides several types of services including proxy access and rate control, local caching, and automatic web service updating. Conclusions We have used the SideCache framework to automate the deployment and updating of a number of bioinformatics web services and tools that extract information from remote primary sources such as NCBI, NCIBI, and Ensembl. The SideCache framework also has been used to share research results through the use of a SideCache derived web service. PMID:21672219

2011-01-01

164

Annotation-based access control for collaborative information spaces  

Microsoft Academic Search

Web 2.0 social platforms (e.g., Flickr, YouTube) and Collaborative Working Environments (e.g., Microsoft SharePoint, BSCW) provide Web-based collaborative information spaces which enable common users and\\/or professionals to work together and share their online resources. Most of these collaborative information spaces provide role-based or group-based, coarse-grained access control policies which cannot successfully cope with the requirements posed by massive and open

Peyman Nasirifard; Vassilios Peristeras; Stefan Decker

2011-01-01

165

Accessing Distant Premise Information: How Memory Feeds Reasoning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

According to current psychological models of deduction, people can draw inferences on the basis of information that they receive from different sources at different times. In 3 reading-comprehension experiments, the authors demonstrated that premises that appear far apart in a text (distant) are not accessed and are therefore not used as a basis…

Lea, R. Brooke; Mulligan, Elizabeth J.; Walton, Jennifer Lee

2005-01-01

166

OSU WEBVIEWER PROVIDING WEB BASED ACCESS TO ROOM SCHEDULING INFORMATION  

E-print Network

By Date 4 o Viewing Room Features 5 o Event Details 6 o Requesting a Room 8 o Looking at Multiple DaysOSU WEBVIEWER PROVIDING WEB BASED ACCESS TO ROOM SCHEDULING INFORMATION REGISTRAR'S OFFICE OREGON for a Room 9 o Spaces/By Name 10 o Narrowing Your Selection With Filters 10 · Navigate Events 12 o Event

Escher, Christine

167

Providing Secure Access to Confidential Patient Information Detailing Diabetic Condition  

E-print Network

Providing Secure Access to Confidential Patient Information Detailing Diabetic Condition Dr. D +44 161 295 5351 Fax +44 161 745 8169 Email: d.w.chadwick@salford.ac.uk 2 Diabetes and Endocrinology testing Introduction "There are nearly 1.5 million people in the United Kingdom with diabetes

Kent, University of

168

NCI Announces Awards to Increase Minority Access to Cancer Information  

Cancer.gov

The National Cancer Institute (NCI) this month announced multiple awards totaling close to $1 million to help develop research and programs to understand and eventually breach the Digital Divide that exists among many minority populations in accessing and utilizing cancer information on the Internet

169

Using personal digital assistants to access drug information.  

PubMed

The use of personal digital assistants (PDAs) to access drug information in a health system is described. Given the widespread use of PDAs at an 872-bed university health system, an opportunity existed to provide current drug information to physicians via these devices. As part of the health system's intranet, extensive online content had been made available through a browser; extension to PDAs was a natural next step. There were two primary requirements: the ability to synchronize information with the database server when a PDA was used and the development of content and applications by using existing staff. Mobile enterprise software was chosen that supports multiple PDA platforms, is easy to use, and does not require programming skills. The software works through customized "channels," or collections of information from a content provider. The customized channel service works over the Internet. Two channels of content were created, an ambulatory care channel and an inpatient care channel. The ambulatory care channel contains a list of preferred ambulatory care agents, poison control information, the locations of outpatient pharmacies, drug information, and safety tips for prescribing. The inpatient channel contains the inpatient formulary, current news and events, information on currrent drug shortages and recalls, pharmacy contact information, and medication safety tips. When a user synchronizes his or her PDA, the software contacts the department's intranet servers and processes the request. The data are compressed and downloaded to the user's PDA. A university health system successfully used PDAs to access drug and other information. PMID:12132560

McCreadie, Scott R; Stevenson, James G; Sweet, Burgunda V; Kramer, Mike

2002-07-15

170

Towards Translingual Information Access using Portable Information Extraction  

E-print Network

and as issue North Korea and missiles. The analyst also Figure 1 #12; specifies what information s/he wants Technology, Inc., Korea, nari@konantech.co.kr * Current affiliation: ATT Labs­Research, Florham Park, NJ, USA in the scenario template indicate that the information to find is about meetings having as location South Korea

Cardie, Claire

171

A LANGUAGE FOR SPECIFYING INFORMATIONAL GRAPHICS FROM FIRST PRINCIPLES  

E-print Network

A LANGUAGE FOR SPECIFYING INFORMATIONAL GRAPHICS FROM FIRST PRINCIPLES Stuart M. Shieber Division principles on which (a subset of) informational graphics are built. The functionality we aim to provide the fact that they are built on the basis of the same first principles from which more standard

Shieber, Stuart

172

Extracting Phenotypic Information from the Literature via Natural Language Processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, the amount of biomedical knowledge has been increasing exponentially. Several Natural Language Processing (NLP) systems have been developed to help researchers extract, encode and organize new information automatically from textual literature or narrative reports. Some of these systems focus on extracting biological entities or molecular interactions while others retrieve and encode clinical information. To exploit gene functions

Lifeng Chen; Carol Friedman

2004-01-01

173

Improving Access to Public Health Information: A Study of Information Needs in a State Health Department  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Public health challenges can be better addressed if credible information about health risks and effective public health practices is readily available. The need for improved access to evidence-based public health information has been recognized by public health practitioners, researchers, policy makers, and librarians.\\u000aObjective: To understand the information needs of the public health workforce and to improve access to

E. Hatheway Simpson; Nancy R. LaPelle; Elaine Russo Martin

2006-01-01

174

Design Information Retrieval: Improving Access to the Informal Side of Design William Wood, Maria Yang, and Mark Cutkosky  

E-print Network

Design Information Retrieval: Improving Access to the Informal Side of Design William Wood, Maria the informal, unstructured information that is prevalent during conceptual design. Information retrieval in design information retrieval exploiting design context for determining document similarity within design

Yang, Maria

175

Evaluation of Oromo-English Cross-Language Information Retrieval  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on the first Oromo-English CLIR system that is based on dictionary-based query translation techniques. The basic objective of the study is to design and develop an Oromo- English CLIR system with a view to enable Afaan Oromo speakers to access and retrieve the vast on- line information sources that are available in En- glish by using their

Kula Kekeba Tune; Vasudeva Varma; Prasad Pingali

176

Cancer education and effective dissemination: information access is not enough.  

PubMed

Education is the main avenue for disseminating new research findings into clinical practice. Understanding factors that affect translation of research into practice may help cancer educators design programs that facilitate the time it takes for research-indicated practices to become standard care. To understand various factors, the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Office of Education and Special Initiatives (OESI)(1) with individual cooperation from Oncology Nursing Society (ONS), American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO), and Association of Oncology Social Work (AOSW) administered a Practitioner Information Needs survey to five different types of practitioners involved in cancer care. While most of the 2,864 practitioners (83%) agreed they had access to current practice information, practitioners in large practice settings were more likely to report having access to research than those small practice settings. However, only 33% indicated that they had adequate time to access the information. Colleagues or experts within the organization were cited as the most frequently relied on information resource (60%), and peer-reviewed journals were cited as second (57%). Overall, 66% strongly or somewhat agreed that their organizations exhibit effective change management practices. A majority (69%) agreed that implementation of new practices is hindered by the lack of available staff time. Financial factors and the characteristics of the information presented were also believed to be factors contributing to research implementation. Group differences were observed among practitioner groups and practice settings for some factors. PMID:20440666

Ousley, Anita L; Swarz, Jeffrey A; Milliken, Erin L; Ellis, Steven

2010-06-01

177

19 CFR 356.11 - Procedures for obtaining access to privileged information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...for obtaining access to privileged information. 356.11 Section 356.11...AGREEMENT Proprietary and Privileged Information § 356.11 Procedures for obtaining access to privileged information. (a) Persons who may apply...

2010-04-01

178

19 CFR 356.11 - Procedures for obtaining access to privileged information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...for obtaining access to privileged information. 356.11 Section 356.11...AGREEMENT Proprietary and Privileged Information § 356.11 Procedures for obtaining access to privileged information. (a) Persons who may apply...

2011-04-01

179

19 CFR 356.10 - Procedures for obtaining access to proprietary information.  

...for obtaining access to proprietary information. 356.10 Section 356.10...AGREEMENT Proprietary and Privileged Information § 356.10 Procedures for obtaining access to proprietary information. (a) Persons who must...

2014-04-01

180

19 CFR 356.11 - Procedures for obtaining access to privileged information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...for obtaining access to privileged information. 356.11 Section 356.11...AGREEMENT Proprietary and Privileged Information § 356.11 Procedures for obtaining access to privileged information. (a) Persons who may apply...

2013-04-01

181

19 CFR 356.11 - Procedures for obtaining access to privileged information.  

...for obtaining access to privileged information. 356.11 Section 356.11...AGREEMENT Proprietary and Privileged Information § 356.11 Procedures for obtaining access to privileged information. (a) Persons who may apply...

2014-04-01

182

19 CFR 356.11 - Procedures for obtaining access to privileged information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...for obtaining access to privileged information. 356.11 Section 356.11...AGREEMENT Proprietary and Privileged Information § 356.11 Procedures for obtaining access to privileged information. (a) Persons who may apply...

2012-04-01

183

28 CFR 20.34 - Individual's right to access criminal history record information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Individual's right to access criminal history record information. 20.34 Section...Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.34 Individual's right to access criminal history record information. The...

2010-07-01

184

76 FR 30227 - On behalf of the Accessibility Committee of the Federal Chief Information Officers Council...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Regarding Improving the Accessibility of Government Information AGENCY: Federal Chief Information...on ``Improving the Accessibility of Government Information''. Section 508 of the...disabilities, their advocates, and government employees are invited to...

2011-05-24

185

39 CFR 255.4 - Accessibility to electronic and information technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Accessibility to electronic and information technology. 255.4 Section 255.4 Postal...FACILITIES, AND ELECTRONIC AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY § 255.4 Accessibility to electronic and information technology. (a) In accordance with...

2010-07-01

186

12 CFR 352.5 - Accessibility to electronic and information technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Accessibility to electronic and information technology. 352.5 Section 352...Accessibility to electronic and information technology. (a) In accordance...that the electronic and information technology the agency develops,...

2010-01-01

187

36 CFR 1256.70 - What controls access to national security-classified information?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...access to national security-classified information? 1256.70 Section...Containing National Security-Classified Information § 1256.70 What...access to national security-classified information? (a) The...

2010-07-01

188

12 CFR 352.5 - Accessibility to electronic and information technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Accessibility to electronic and information technology. 352.5 Section 352...Accessibility to electronic and information technology. (a) In accordance...that the electronic and information technology the agency develops,...

2011-01-01

189

28 CFR 20.34 - Individual's right to access criminal history record information.  

...Individual's right to access criminal history record information. 20.34 Section...Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.34 Individual's right to access criminal history record information. The...

2014-07-01

190

28 CFR 20.34 - Individual's right to access criminal history record information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Individual's right to access criminal history record information. 20.34 Section...Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.34 Individual's right to access criminal history record information. The...

2011-07-01

191

28 CFR 20.34 - Individual's right to access criminal history record information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Individual's right to access criminal history record information. 20.34 Section...Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.34 Individual's right to access criminal history record information. The...

2013-07-01

192

28 CFR 20.34 - Individual's right to access criminal history record information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Individual's right to access criminal history record information. 20.34 Section...Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.34 Individual's right to access criminal history record information. The...

2012-07-01

193

Information Technologies: Access to Solutions for Sustainable Human Development  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The United Nations Development Program (UNDP) has recently launched Knowledge Broker, a Web portal that provides development experts, government agencies, and private organizations with centralized "access to knowledge, practical solutions, and best practices" for using information technologies to promote sustainable human development. Knowledge Broker interconnects three Websites: INFO21, the Sustainable Development Networking Programme (SDNP), and the HORIZON Communications Solutions Site. INFO21 functions as UNDP's online resource center for information on the relationship between sustainable human development and communications technologies. The SDNP, also a UNDP site, supports connectivity and information-sharing in developing countries. And the HORIZON site, a collaborative project produced by several development research centers, offers "readily accessible peer-reviewed answers to problems in environment, health, population, and development."

1999-01-01

194

Information-Flow-Based Access Control for Web Browsers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The emergence of Web 2.0 technologies such as Ajax and Mashup has revealed the weakness of the same-origin policy[1], the current de facto standard for the Web browser security model. We propose a new browser security model to allow fine-grained access control in the client-side Web applications for secure mashup and user-generated contents. We propose a browser security model that is based on information-flow-based access control (IBAC) to overcome the dynamic nature of the client-side Web applications and to accurately determine the privilege of scripts in the event-driven programming model.

Yoshihama, Sachiko; Tateishi, Takaaki; Tabuchi, Naoshi; Matsumoto, Tsutomu

195

Disclosure Control of Natural Language Information to Enable Secure and Enjoyable Communication over the Internet  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Disclosure control of natural language information (DCNL), which we are trying to realize, is described. DCNL will be used for securing human communications over the internet, such as through blogs and social network services. Before sentences in the communications are disclosed, they are checked by DCNL and any phrases that could reveal sensitive information are transformed or omitted so that they are no longer revealing. DCNL checks not only phrases that directly represent sensitive information but also those that indirectly suggest it. Combinations of phrases are also checked. DCNL automatically learns the knowledge of sensitive phrases and the suggestive relations between phrases by using co-occurrence analysis and Web retrieval. The users' burden is therefore minimized, i.e., they do not need to define many disclosure control rules. DCNL complements the traditional access control in the fields where reliability needs to be balanced with enjoyment and objects classes for the access control cannot be predefined.

Kataoka, Haruno; Utsumi, Akira; Hirose, Yuki; Yoshiura, Hiroshi

196

Accessing Wind Tunnels From NASA's Information Power Grid  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Ames wind tunnel customers are one of the first users of the Information Power Grid (IPG) storage system at the NASA Advanced Supercomputing Division. We wanted to be able to store their data on the IPG so that it could be accessed remotely in a secure but timely fashion. In addition, incorporation into the IPG allows future use of grid computational resources, e.g., for post-processing of data, or to do side-by-side CFD validation. In this paper, we describe the integration of grid data access mechanisms with the existing DARWIN web-based system that is used to access wind tunnel test data. We also show that the combined system has reasonable performance: wind tunnel data may be retrieved at 50Mbits/s over a 100 base T network connected to the IPG storage server.

Becker, Jeff; Biegel, Bryan (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

197

78 FR 13394 - 30-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Office of Language Services Contractor...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Proposed Information Collection: Office of Language Services Contractor Application Form...of Information Collection: Office of Language Services Contractor Application Form...S. Department of State, Office of Language Services, the information...

2013-02-27

198

76 FR 55390 - Guidance on Exculpatory Language in Informed Consent, Draft  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...HHS-OPHS-2011-0014] Guidance on Exculpatory Language in Informed Consent, Draft AGENCY...entitled, ``Guidance on Exculpatory Language in Informed Consent.'' The draft guidance...guidance document entitled ```Exculpatory Language' in Informed Consent'' and...

2011-09-07

199

76 FR 68518 - Request for Information: Public Access to Peer-Reviewed Scholarly Publications Resulting From...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Request for Information: Public Access to Peer-Reviewed Scholarly Publications Resulting...stewardship and broad public access to the peer-reviewed scholarly publications that...stewardship and broad public access to the peer-reviewed scholarly publications...

2011-11-04

200

76 FR 80418 - Request for Information: Public Access to Peer-Reviewed Scholarly Publications Resulting From...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Request for Information: Public Access to Peer-Reviewed Scholarly Publications Resulting...stewardship and broad public access to the peer-reviewed scholarly publications that...stewardship and broad public access to the peer-reviewed scholarly publications...

2011-12-23

201

Access to Corporate Information Systems: Datafiles, Classified Documents, and Information Resources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three articles discuss aspects of corporate information systems: (1) "Packet Switching Networks: Worldwide Access to Corporate Datafiles" (Kurt O. Baumgartner); "Classified Documents in the Corporate Library" (Patricia M. Shores); and "From Library to Information Center: Case Studies in the Evolution of Corporate Information Resources" (Eva M.…

Baumgartner, Kurt O.; And Others

1988-01-01

202

Application of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Health Information Access and Dissemination in Uganda  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on a study which assessed the application of information and communication technologies (ICT) in health information access and dissemination in Uganda. The project focused not only on information obtainable through libraries for research, teaching, learning and practice, but also on ICT applications concerned with the…

Omona, Walter; Ikoja-Odongo, Robert

2006-01-01

203

Hearing lips in a second language: visual articulatory information enables the perception of second language sounds  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigated the effects of visual speech information (articulatory gestures) on the perception of second language (L2)\\u000a sounds. Previous studies have demonstrated that listeners often fail to hear the difference between certain non-native phonemic\\u000a contrasts, such as in the case of Spanish native speakers regarding the Catalan sounds \\/?\\/ and \\/e\\/. Here, we tested whether\\u000a adding visual information about the

Jordi Navarra; Salvador Soto-Faraco

2007-01-01

204

Machine Translation-Supported Cross-Language Information Retrieval for a Consumer Health Resource  

PubMed Central

The U.S. National Institutes of Health, through its National Library of Medicine, developed ClinicalTrials.gov to provide the public with easy access to information on clinical trials on a wide range of conditions or diseases. Only English language information retrieval is currently supported. Given the growing number of Spanish speakers in the U.S. and their increasing use of the Web, we anticipate a significant increase in Spanish-speaking users. This study compares the effectiveness of two common cross-language information retrieval methods using machine translation, query translation versus document translation, using a subset of genuine user queries from ClinicalTrials.gov. Preliminary results conducted with the ClinicalTrials.gov search engine show that in our environment, query translation is statistically significantly better than document translation. We discuss possible reasons for this result and we conclude with suggestions for future work. PMID:14728236

Rosemblat, Graciela; Gemoets, Darren; Browne, Allen C.; Tse, Tony

2003-01-01

205

Machine translation-supported cross-language information retrieval for a consumer health resource.  

PubMed

The U.S. National Institutes of Health, through its National Library of Medicine, developed ClinicalTrials.gov to provide the public with easy access to information on clinical trials on a wide range of conditions or diseases. Only English language information retrieval is currently supported. Given the growing number of Spanish speakers in the U.S. and their increasing use of the Web, we anticipate a significant increase in Spanish-speaking users. This study compares the effectiveness of two common cross-language information retrieval methods using machine translation, query translation versus document translation, using a subset of genuine user queries from ClinicalTrials.gov. Preliminary results conducted with the ClinicalTrials.gov search engine show that in our environment, query translation is statistically significantly better than document translation. We discuss possible reasons for this result and we conclude with suggestions for future work. PMID:14728236

Rosemblat, Graciela; Gemoets, Darren; Browne, Allen C; Tse, Tony

2003-01-01

206

Section 508 Electronic Information Accessibility Requirements for Software Development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Section 508 Subpart B 1194.21 outlines requirements for operating system and software development in order to create a product that is accessible to users with various disabilities. This portion of Section 508 contains a variety of standards to enable those using assistive technology and with visual, hearing, cognitive and motor difficulties to access all information provided in software. The focus on requirements was limited to the Microsoft Windows® operating system as it is the predominant operating system used at this center. Compliance with this portion of the requirements can be obtained by integrating the requirements into the software development cycle early and by remediating issues in legacy software if possible. There are certain circumstances with software that may arise necessitating an exemption from these requirements, such as design or engineering software using dynamically changing graphics or numbers to convey information. These exceptions can be discussed with the Section 508 Coordinator and another method of accommodation used.

Ellis, Rebecca

2014-01-01

207

Cross-language information retrieval using PARAFAC2.  

SciTech Connect

A standard approach to cross-language information retrieval (CLIR) uses Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA) in conjunction with a multilingual parallel aligned corpus. This approach has been shown to be successful in identifying similar documents across languages - or more precisely, retrieving the most similar document in one language to a query in another language. However, the approach has severe drawbacks when applied to a related task, that of clustering documents 'language-independently', so that documents about similar topics end up closest to one another in the semantic space regardless of their language. The problem is that documents are generally more similar to other documents in the same language than they are to documents in a different language, but on the same topic. As a result, when using multilingual LSA, documents will in practice cluster by language, not by topic. We propose a novel application of PARAFAC2 (which is a variant of PARAFAC, a multi-way generalization of the singular value decomposition [SVD]) to overcome this problem. Instead of forming a single multilingual term-by-document matrix which, under LSA, is subjected to SVD, we form an irregular three-way array, each slice of which is a separate term-by-document matrix for a single language in the parallel corpus. The goal is to compute an SVD for each language such that V (the matrix of right singular vectors) is the same across all languages. Effectively, PARAFAC2 imposes the constraint, not present in standard LSA, that the 'concepts' in all documents in the parallel corpus are the same regardless of language. Intuitively, this constraint makes sense, since the whole purpose of using a parallel corpus is that exactly the same concepts are expressed in the translations. We tested this approach by comparing the performance of PARAFAC2 with standard LSA in solving a particular CLIR problem. From our results, we conclude that PARAFAC2 offers a very promising alternative to LSA not only for multilingual document clustering, but also for solving other problems in cross-language information retrieval.

Bader, Brett William; Chew, Peter; Abdelali, Ahmed (New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM); Kolda, Tamara Gibson

2007-05-01

208

Accessing Genetic Information with High-Density DNA Arrays  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rapid access to genetic information is central to the revolution taking place in molecular genetics. The simultaneous analysis of the entire human mitochondrial genome is described here. DNA arrays containing up to 135,000 probes complementary to the 16.6-kilobase human mitochondrial genome were generated by light-directed chemical synthesis. A two-color labeling scheme was developed that allows simultaneous comparison of a polymorphic

Mark Chee; Robert Yang; Earl Hubbell; Anthony Berno; Xiaohua C. Huang; David Stern; Jim Winkler; David J. Lockhart; Macdonald S. Morris; Stephen P. A. Fodor

1996-01-01

209

76 FR 37773 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; FNS User Access...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Leo Wong, Deputy Chief Information Security Officer (CISO...public record. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Requests for additional information or copies of this information...INFORMATION: Title: FNS User Access Request. OMB...

2011-06-28

210

Business Language Analysis for Object-Oriented Information Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Business language analysis grows out of a philosophy that treats business organizations as living systems. A key concern is the meaning of business information that provides adaptive survival advantage and strategic leverage. Popular object-oriented methodologies correctly recognize the need to identify business objects by analyzing the problem domain. The approach described in this paper fills in the details that are

Douglas W. Mcdavid

1996-01-01

211

Psycholinguistic Word Information in Second Language Oral Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study uses word information scores from the Medical Research Council (MRC) Psycholinguistic Database to analyse word development in the spontaneous speech data of six adult learners of English as a second language (L2) in a one-year longitudinal study. In contrast to broad measures of lexical development, such as word frequency and lexical…

Salsbury, Tom; Crossley, Scott A.; McNamara, Danielle S.

2011-01-01

212

Sparse Information Extraction: Unsupervised Language Models to the Rescue  

E-print Network

-tagged seeds, which enables it to scale to Open IE--extraction where the relations of interestSparse Information Extraction: Unsupervised Language Models to the Rescue Doug Downey, Stefan in a massive corpus such as the Web, a substantial fraction of extractions appear in- frequently. This paper

Anderson, Richard

213

SAPHIRE International: a tool for cross-language information retrieval.  

PubMed

The world's foremost medical literature is written in English, yet much of the world does not speak English as a primary language. This has led to increasing research interest in cross-language information retrieval, where textual databases are queried in languages other than the one in which they are written. We describe enhancements to the SAPHIRE concept-retrieval system, which maps free-text documents and queries to concepts in the UMLS Metathesaurus, that allow it to accept text input and provide Metathesaurus concept output in any of six languages: English, German, French, Russian, Spanish, and Portuguese. An example of the use of SAPHIRE International is shown in the CliniWeb catalogue of clinically-oriented Web pages. A formative evaluation of German terms shows that additional work is required in handling plural and other suffix variants as well as expanding the breadth of synonyms in the UMLS Metathesaurus. PMID:9929304

Hersh, W R; Donohoe, L C

1998-01-01

214

SAPHIRE International: a tool for cross-language information retrieval.  

PubMed Central

The world's foremost medical literature is written in English, yet much of the world does not speak English as a primary language. This has led to increasing research interest in cross-language information retrieval, where textual databases are queried in languages other than the one in which they are written. We describe enhancements to the SAPHIRE concept-retrieval system, which maps free-text documents and queries to concepts in the UMLS Metathesaurus, that allow it to accept text input and provide Metathesaurus concept output in any of six languages: English, German, French, Russian, Spanish, and Portuguese. An example of the use of SAPHIRE International is shown in the CliniWeb catalogue of clinically-oriented Web pages. A formative evaluation of German terms shows that additional work is required in handling plural and other suffix variants as well as expanding the breadth of synonyms in the UMLS Metathesaurus. Images Figure 2 PMID:9929304

Hersh, W. R.; Donohoe, L. C.

1998-01-01

215

A network model for wide area access to structural information.  

PubMed Central

Structural information in medicine is information about the physical body. Recent advances in medical imaging and biotechnology have greatly increased the amount and importance of structural information, and advances in networking envisioned by the High Performance Computing and Communication Initiative (HPCC) will allow this kind of information to be delivered to remote clients over wide area networks. One of the most important factors determining the usability of such a client-server configuration is the time delay between the request for information from the server, and its presentation to the user at the client. In this paper we present a model for predicting the performance of a structural information client based on the ping time, a simple, unobtrusive network measurement. Preliminary results suggest that the relationship between ping time and transfer time for large files is linear, which if borne out by more data, will allow the performance of structural information clients at remote sites to be predicted without the expense of installing them first. At the same time, such a model will be useful for planning improvements to the network in those sites which could most benefit by wide area access to structural information. PMID:8130523

Dailey, D. J.; Eno, K.; Zick, G. L.; Brinkley, J. F.

1993-01-01

216

47 CFR 79.106 - Video description and emergency information accessibility requirements for recording devices.  

... 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Video description and emergency information accessibility... BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES ACCESSIBILITY OF VIDEO PROGRAMMING Apparatus § 79.106 Video description and emergency information...

2014-10-01

217

47 CFR 79.105 - Video description and emergency information accessibility requirements for all apparatus.  

... 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Video description and emergency information accessibility... BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES ACCESSIBILITY OF VIDEO PROGRAMMING Apparatus § 79.105 Video description and emergency information...

2014-10-01

218

78 FR 66697 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Science Applications International Corporation and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FRL-9402-3] Access to Confidential Business Information by Science Applications International Corporation and Its Identified...of McLean, VA, and its subcontractors to access information which has been submitted to EPA under all...

2013-11-06

219

76 FR 10360 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Guident Technologies Inc. and Its Identified...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...EPA-HQ-OPPT-2003-0004; FRL-8864-8] Access to Confidential Business Information by Guident Technologies Inc. and Its Identified Subcontractors AGENCY...be claimed or determined to be Confidential Business Information (CBI). DATES: Access to...

2011-02-24

220

22 CFR 1003.5 - Access to personal information from Inter-American Foundation records.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Access to personal information from Inter-American Foundation records. 1003.5 Section 1003.5 Foreign Relations INTER-AMERICAN FOUNDATION RULES SAFEGUARDING PERSONAL...Access to personal information from Inter-American Foundation records. (a) The...

2012-04-01

221

22 CFR 1003.5 - Access to personal information from Inter-American Foundation records.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Access to personal information from Inter-American Foundation records. 1003.5 Section 1003.5 Foreign Relations INTER-AMERICAN FOUNDATION RULES SAFEGUARDING PERSONAL...Access to personal information from Inter-American Foundation records. (a) The...

2013-04-01

222

22 CFR 1003.5 - Access to personal information from Inter-American Foundation records.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Access to personal information from Inter-American Foundation records. 1003.5 Section 1003.5 Foreign Relations INTER-AMERICAN FOUNDATION RULES SAFEGUARDING PERSONAL...Access to personal information from Inter-American Foundation records. (a) The...

2011-04-01

223

22 CFR 1003.5 - Access to personal information from Inter-American Foundation records.  

...Access to personal information from Inter-American Foundation records. 1003.5 Section 1003.5 Foreign Relations INTER-AMERICAN FOUNDATION RULES SAFEGUARDING PERSONAL...Access to personal information from Inter-American Foundation records. (a) The...

2014-04-01

224

75 FR 75188 - Listening Session Regarding Improving the Accessibility of Government Information  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Regarding Improving the Accessibility of Government Information AGENCY: U.S. Council...on ``Improving the Accessibility of Government Information.'' Section 508 of the...their advocates, technology companies, government employees and other interested...

2010-12-02

225

45 CFR 164.524 - Access of individuals to protected health information.  

...false Access of individuals to protected health information. 164.524 Section 164.524 Public Welfare Department of Health and Human Services ADMINISTRATIVE DATA... Privacy of Individually Identifiable Health Information § 164.524 Access...

2014-10-01

226

45 CFR 164.524 - Access of individuals to protected health information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Access of individuals to protected health information. 164.524 Section 164.524 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES ADMINISTRATIVE DATA... Privacy of Individually Identifiable Health Information § 164.524 Access...

2010-10-01

227

45 CFR 164.524 - Access of individuals to protected health information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Access of individuals to protected health information. 164.524 Section 164.524 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES ADMINISTRATIVE DATA... Privacy of Individually Identifiable Health Information § 164.524 Access...

2011-10-01

228

45 CFR 164.524 - Access of individuals to protected health information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Access of individuals to protected health information. 164.524 Section 164.524 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES ADMINISTRATIVE DATA... Privacy of Individually Identifiable Health Information § 164.524 Access...

2013-10-01

229

45 CFR 164.524 - Access of individuals to protected health information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Access of individuals to protected health information. 164.524 Section 164.524 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES ADMINISTRATIVE DATA... Privacy of Individually Identifiable Health Information § 164.524 Access...

2012-10-01

230

39 CFR 3050.53 - Information on customer satisfaction and retail access. [Reserved  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Information on customer satisfaction and retail access. [Reserved] 3050.53 Section 3050...PERIODIC REPORTING § 3050.53 Information on customer satisfaction and retail access....

2010-07-01

231

78 FR 29367 - Access to Confidential Business Information by ABT Associates, Incorporated; Perry Johnson...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FRL-9815-6] Access to Confidential Business Information by ABT Associates, Incorporated...SGS North America, Inc.; SAI Global, Inc.; Orion Registrar, Inc...Bodies'', to access Confidential Business Information (CBI) which has...

2013-05-20

232

78 FR 51276 - Proposed Information Collection (Access to Care Dialysis Pilot Survey and Interview); Activity...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Collection (Access to Care Dialysis Pilot Survey and Interview); Activity...information needed to evaluate the VA Dialysis Pilot program for the treatment of End...Disease (ESRD) to improve access to dialysis care for Veterans. DATES: Written...

2013-08-20

233

Using Google Maps to Access USGS Volcano Hazards Information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Volcano Hazard Program (VHP) is revising the information architecture of our website to provide data within a geospatial context for emergency managers, educators, landowners in volcanic areas, researchers, and the general public. Using a map-based interface for displaying hazard information provides a synoptic view of volcanic activity along with the ability to quickly ascertain where hazards are in relation to major population and infrastructure centers. At the same time, the map interface provides a gateway for educators and the public to find information about volcanoes in their geographic context. A plethora of data visualization solutions are available that are flexible, customizable, and can be run on individual websites. We are currently using a Google map interface because it can be accessed immediately from a website (a downloadable viewer is not required), and it provides simple features for moving around and zooming within the large map area that encompasses U.S. volcanism. A text interface will also be available. The new VHP website will serve as a portal to information for each volcano the USGS monitors with icons for alert levels and aviation color codes. When a volcano is clicked, a window will provide additional information including links to maps, images, and real-time data, thereby connecting information from individual observatories, the Smithsonian Institution, and our partner universities. In addition to the VHP home page, many observatories and partners have detailed graphical interfaces to data and images that include the activity pages for the Alaska Volcano Observatory, the Smithsonian Google Earth files, and Yellowstone Volcano Observatory pictures and data. Users with varied requests such as raw data, scientific papers, images, or brief overviews expect to be able to quickly access information for their specialized needs. Over the next few years we will be gathering, cleansing, reorganizing, and posting data in multiple formats to meet these needs.

Venezky, D. Y.; Snedigar, S.; Guffanti, M.; Bailey, J. E.; Wall, B. G.

2006-12-01

234

The Influence of Sentence Context and Accented Speech on Lexical Access in Second-Language Auditory Word Recognition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Until now, research on bilingual auditory word recognition has been scarce, and although most studies agree that lexical access is language-nonselective, there is less consensus with respect to the influence of potentially constraining factors. The present study investigated the influence of three possible constraints. We tested whether language

Lagrou, Evelyne; Harsuiker, Robert J.; Duyck, Wouter

2013-01-01

235

Negotiating Power and Access to Second Language Resources: A Study on Short-Term Chinese MBA Students in America  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

By looking into a group of 13 Chinese master's in business administration students' study abroad experience in the United States, this study contends that being situated in the second language (L2) communicative context does not guarantee international students complete access to language and cultural resources in the host society. Due to limited…

Shi, Xingsong

2011-01-01

236

Attacking the information access problem with expert systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The results of applications research directed at finding an improved method of storing and accessing information are presented. Twelve microcomputer-based expert systems shells and five laser-optical formats have been studied, and the general and specific methods of interfacing these technologies are being tested in prototype systems. Shell features and interfacing capabilities are discussed, and results from the study of five laser-optical formats are recounted including the video laser, compact, and WORM disks, and laser cards and film. Interfacing, including laser disk device driver interfacing, is discussed and it is pointed out that in order to control the laser device from within the expert systems application, the expert systems shell must be able to access the device driver software. Potential integrated applications are investigated and an initial list is provided including consumer services, travel, law enforcement, human resources, marketing, and education and training.

Ragusa, James M.; Orwig, Gary W.

1991-01-01

237

10 CFR 95.35 - Access to matter classified as National Security Information and Restricted Data.  

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Access to matter classified as National Security Information...of Information § 95.35 Access to matter classified as National Security Information...holder, or other person to have access to matter revealing Secret or Confidential...

2014-01-01

238

10 CFR 95.35 - Access to matter classified as National Security Information and Restricted Data.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Access to matter classified as National Security Information...of Information § 95.35 Access to matter classified as National Security Information...holder, or other person to have access to matter revealing Secret or Confidential...

2010-01-01

239

10 CFR 95.35 - Access to matter classified as National Security Information and Restricted Data.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Access to matter classified as National Security Information...of Information § 95.35 Access to matter classified as National Security Information...holder, or other person to have access to matter revealing Secret or Confidential...

2012-01-01

240

10 CFR 95.35 - Access to matter classified as National Security Information and Restricted Data.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Access to matter classified as National Security Information...of Information § 95.35 Access to matter classified as National Security Information...holder, or other person to have access to matter revealing Secret or Confidential...

2011-01-01

241

10 CFR 95.35 - Access to matter classified as National Security Information and Restricted Data.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Access to matter classified as National Security Information...of Information § 95.35 Access to matter classified as National Security Information...holder, or other person to have access to matter revealing Secret or Confidential...

2013-01-01

242

Medical Education and Information Literacy in the Era of Open Access  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Open Access movement in scholarly communications poses new issues and concerns for medical education in general and information literacy education specifically. For medical educators, Open Access can affect the availability of new information, instructional materials, and scholarship in medical education. For students, Open Access materials continue to be available to them post-graduation, regardless of affiliation. Libraries and information literacy

Stewart M. Brower

2010-01-01

243

Programmatic access to data and information at the IRIS DMC via web services  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The IRIS Data Management Center (DMC) has developed a suite of web services that provide access to the DMC's time series holdings, their related metadata and earthquake catalogs. In addition, services are available to perform simple, on-demand time series processing at the DMC prior to being shipped to the user. The primary goal is to provide programmatic access to data and processing services in a manner usable by and useful to the research community. The web services are relatively simple to understand and use and will form the foundation on which future DMC access tools will be built. Based on standard Web technologies they can be accessed programmatically with a wide range of programming languages (e.g. Perl, Python, Java), command line utilities such as wget and curl or with any web browser. We anticipate these services being used for everything from simple command line access, used in shell scripts and higher programming languages to being integrated within complex data processing software. In addition to improving access to our data by the seismological community the web services will also make our data more accessible to other disciplines. The web services available from the DMC include ws-bulkdataselect for the retrieval of large volumes of miniSEED data, ws-timeseries for the retrieval of individual segments of time series data in a variety of formats (miniSEED, SAC, ASCII, audio WAVE, and PNG plots) with optional signal processing, ws-station for station metadata in StationXML format, ws-resp for the retrieval of instrument response in RESP format, ws-sacpz for the retrieval of sensor response in the SAC poles and zeros convention and ws-event for the retrieval of earthquake catalogs. To make the services even easier to use, the DMC is developing a library that allows Java programmers to seamlessly retrieve and integrate DMC information into their own programs. The library will handle all aspects of dealing with the services and will parse the returned data. By using this library a developer will not need to learn the details of the service interfaces or understand the data formats returned. This library will be used to build the software bridge needed to request data and information from within MATLAB°. We also provide several client scripts written in Perl for the retrieval of waveform data, metadata and earthquake catalogs using command line programs. For more information on the DMC's web services please visit http://www.iris.edu/ws/

Weertman, B. R.; Trabant, C.; Karstens, R.; Suleiman, Y. Y.; Ahern, T. K.; Casey, R.; Benson, R. B.

2011-12-01

244

34 CFR 303.401 - Definitions of consent, native language, and personally identifiable information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...true Definitions of consent, native language, and personally identifiable information...401 Definitions of consent, native language, and personally identifiable information...consent is sought, in the parent's native language or other mode of...

2011-07-01

245

34 CFR 303.401 - Definitions of consent, native language, and personally identifiable information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Definitions of consent, native language, and personally identifiable information...401 Definitions of consent, native language, and personally identifiable information...consent is sought, in the parent's native language or other mode of...

2010-07-01

246

77 FR 65927 - 60-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Office of Language Services Contractor...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Proposed Information Collection: Office of Language Services Contractor Application Form...Mail: Department of State, Office of Language Services SA- 1, Fourteenth Floor...of Information Collection: Office of Language Services Contractor Application...

2012-10-31

247

76 FR 54283 - 30-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collections: Language Learning Survey Questions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of Proposed Information Collections: Language Learning Survey Questions ACTION: Notice... Title of Information Collection: Language Learning Programs: Pre Program Survey...exchange programs that focus on critical language learning instruction. Estimated...

2011-08-31

248

On-Demand Associative Cross-Language Information Retrieval  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper proposes the use of algorithms for mining association rules as an approach for Cross-Language Information Retrieval. These algorithms have been widely used to analyse market basket data. The idea is to map the problem of finding associations between sales items to the problem of finding term translations over a parallel corpus. The proposal was validated by means of experiments using queries in two distinct languages: Portuguese and Finnish to retrieve documents in English. The results show that the performance of our proposed approach is comparable to the performance of the monolingual baseline and to query translation via machine translation, even though these systems employ more complex Natural Language Processing techniques. The combination between machine translation and our approach yielded the best results, even outperforming the monolingual baseline.

Geraldo, André Pinto; Moreira, Viviane P.; Gonçalves, Marcos A.

249

[Assessment of patients' access to information during their hospitalization].  

PubMed

The right of patient to information is closely connected with the problems of consent to medical procedures. The prerequisite of adequate expression of consent is sufficient amount of knowledge about own health condition, accurate picture of the illness, probable advantages and risk of suggested treatment as well as possible alternative medical techniques with their benefits and risks and consequences of giving them up. Full and reliable information given in understandable form leads to more humane therapy and favours patients' trust for the knowledge and experience of medical staff and partnership of patient-health service worker relationship. Examination of doctors' and patients' opinions concerning the assessment of patients' access to information on different aspects connected with hospitalisation was carried out in 49 wards of 13 health care units in the Lublin region from 24.08. to 06.09.1999. To solve research problems of this paper the method of diagnostic survey was applied with the use of questionnaire technique. The study carried out among 141 doctors and 353 patients has shown that: the range of information given by doctors depends on their position, degree of specialization and general knowledge of patient's rights (p < 0.05) and the range and quality of information obtained by patients from doctors depend on the sex of patients, their age, marital status and educational level (p < 0.05). PMID:15002232

Iwanowicz-Palus, Grazyna J

2002-01-01

250

Accessibility of the nondominant language in picture naming: A counterintuitive effect of dementia on bilingual language production  

PubMed Central

The current study tested the assumption that bilinguals with dementia regress to using primarily the dominant language. Spanish-English bilinguals with probable Alzheimer's disease (AD; n=29), and matched bilingual controls (n=42) named Boston Naming Test pictures in their dominant and nondominant languages. Surprisingly, differences between patients and controls were larger using dominant-language than nondominant-language naming scores, and bilinguals with AD were either more likely than controls (in English-dominant bilinguals), or equally likely (in Spanish-dominant bilinguals), to name some pictures in the nondominant language that they could not produce in their dominant language. These findings suggest that dominant language testing may provide the best assessment of language deficits in bilingual AD, and argue against the common notion that the nondominant language is particularly susceptible to dementia. The greater vulnerability of the dominant language may reflect the increased probability of AD affecting richer semantic representations associated with dominant compared to nondominant language names. PMID:20036679

Gollan, Tamar H.; Salmon, David P.; Montoya, Rosa I.; Pena, Eileen da

2010-01-01

251

Medical education and information literacy in the era of open access.  

PubMed

The Open Access movement in scholarly communications poses new issues and concerns for medical education in general and information literacy education specifically. For medical educators, Open Access can affect the availability of new information, instructional materials, and scholarship in medical education. For students, Open Access materials continue to be available to them post-graduation, regardless of affiliation. Libraries and information literacy librarians are challenged in their responses to the Open Access publishing movement in how best to support Open Access endeavors within their own institutions, and how best to educate their user base about Open Access in general. PMID:20391168

Brower, Stewart M

2010-01-01

252

Improving access to health information for older migrants by using grounded theory and social network analysis to understand their information behaviour and digital technology use.  

PubMed

Migrant well-being can be strongly influenced by the migration experience and subsequent degree of mainstream language acquisition. There is little research on how older Culturally And Linguistically Diverse (CALD) migrants who have 'aged in place' find health information, and the role which digital technology plays in this. Although the research for this paper was not focused on cancer, we draw out implications for providing cancer-related information to this group. We interviewed 54 participants (14 men and 40 women) aged 63-94 years, who were born in Italy or Greece, and who migrated to Australia mostly as young adults after World War II. Constructivist grounded theory and social network analysis were used for data analysis. Participants identified doctors, adult children, local television, spouse, local newspaper and radio as the most important information sources. They did not generally use computers, the Internet or mobile phones to access information. Literacy in their birth language, and the degree of proficiency in understanding and using English, influenced the range of information sources accessed and the means used. The ways in which older CALD migrants seek and access information has important implications for how professionals and policymakers deliver relevant information to them about cancer prevention, screening, support and treatment, particularly as information and resources are moved online as part of e-health. PMID:25250535

Goodall, K T; Newman, L A; Ward, P R

2014-11-01

253

A Bibliometric Study of Scholarly Articles Published by Library and Information Science Authors about Open Access  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: This study aims to gain a greater understanding of the development of open access practices amongst library and information science authors, since their role is integral to the success of the broader open access movement. Method: Data were collected from scholarly articles about open access by library and information science authors…

Grandbois, Jennifer; Beheshti, Jamshid

2014-01-01

254

Information Access and Control Operations in Multi-agent System Based Process Automation  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a An approach to combine information access and control operations in a process automation system extended with multi-agent\\u000a system technology is presented in this paper. According to this approach a multi-agent system supervises an ordinary process\\u000a automation system by performing higher-level information access and control operations. The information access operations\\u000a are aimed for actively combining information from different sources depending on

Ilkka Seilonen; Teppo Pirttioja; Antti Pakonen; Pekka Appelqvist; Aarne Halme; Kari Koskinen

2005-01-01

255

75 FR 43460 - Nondiscrimination on the Basis of Disability; Accessibility of Web Information and Services of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Nondiscrimination on the Basis of Disability; Accessibility of Web Information and Services of State and Local Government Entities...via the Internet, specifically at sites on the World Wide Web (Web), accessible to individuals with disabilities. The...

2010-07-26

256

77 FR 48199 - Privacy Act; System of Records: State-35, Information Access Programs Records  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Department of State. STATE-35 SYSTEM NAME: Information Access...Access Programs Records, State-35. DISCLOSURE TO CONSUMER REPORTING...e)(4)(A) through (F), (e)(6), (7), (9...G), (H), and (I) and (f). When the Department of...

2012-08-13

257

Federal Information Policy and Access to Web-based Federal Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers selected policy instruments related to federal agencies' deployment of information in a Web environment in terms of five key policy areas: access, security, privacy, intellectual property, and records management. Suggests that there are a significant number of policy instruments affecting federal Web site development. Identifies the need…

Smith, Bruce; Fraser, Bruce T.; McClure, Charles R.

2000-01-01

258

Adding Speech, Language, and Hearing Benefits to Your Policy  

MedlinePLUS

... Speech-Language-Hearing Association Making effective communication, a human right, accessible and achievable for all. ... › Information for the Public › Adding Speech and Hearing Benefits Adding Speech, Language, ...

259

Accessing Genetic Information with High-Density DNA Arrays  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Rapid access to genetic information is central to the revolution taking place in molecular genetics. The simultaneous analysis of the entire human mitochondrial genome is described here. DNA arrays containing up to 135,000 probes complementary to the 16.6-kilobase human mitochondrial genome were generated by light-directed chemical synthesis. A two-color labeling scheme was developed that allows simultaneous comparison of a polymorphic target to a reference DNA or RNA. Complete hybridization patterns were revealed in a matter of minutes. Sequence polymorphisms were detected with single-base resolution and unprecedented efficiency. The methods described are generic and can be used to address a variety of questions in molecular genetics including gene expression, genetic linkage, and genetic variability.

Chee, Mark; Yang, Robert; Hubbell, Earl; Berno, Anthony; Huang, Xiaohua C.; Stern, David; Winkler, Jim; Lockhart, David J.; Morris, Macdonald S.; Fodor, Stephen P. A.

1996-10-01

260

15 CFR 784.1 - Complementary access: General information on the purpose of complementary access, affected...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...location, dispatch an advance team, if time and other circumstances permit, to the location to provide administrative and logistical support for complementary access and to assist with preparation for such access; (5) Accompany the IAEA Team...

2011-01-01

261

77 FR 12284 - Access to Confidential Business Information; Protection Strategies Incorporated  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...3] Access to Confidential Business Information; Protection Strategies...determined to be Confidential Business Information (CBI). DATES...support for work on alarms; card readers; doors; locks; and...Environmental protection, Confidential business information. Dated:...

2012-02-29

262

12 CFR 4.37 - Persons and entities with access to OCC information; prohibition on dissemination.  

...Persons and entities with access to OCC information; prohibition on dissemination. 4...FUNCTIONS, AVAILABILITY AND RELEASE OF INFORMATION, CONTRACTING OUTREACH PROGRAM, POST-EMPLOYMENT...EXAMINERS Release of Non-Public OCC Information § 4.37 Persons and entities...

2014-01-01

263

5 CFR 1204.14 - Requests for access to confidential commercial information.  

...for access to confidential commercial information. 1204.14 Section 1204.14...PROCEDURES AVAILABILITY OF OFFICIAL INFORMATION Procedures for Obtaining Records Under the Freedom of Information Act § 1204.14 Requests...

2014-01-01

264

12 CFR 4.37 - Persons and entities with access to OCC information; prohibition on dissemination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Persons and entities with access to OCC information; prohibition on dissemination. 4...FUNCTIONS, AVAILABILITY AND RELEASE OF INFORMATION, CONTRACTING OUTREACH PROGRAM, POST-EMPLOYMENT...EXAMINERS Release of Non-Public OCC Information § 4.37 Persons and entities...

2013-01-01

265

5 CFR 1204.14 - Requests for access to confidential commercial information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...for access to confidential commercial information. 1204.14 Section 1204.14...PROCEDURES AVAILABILITY OF OFFICIAL INFORMATION Procedures for Obtaining Records Under the Freedom of Information Act § 1204.14 Requests...

2011-01-01

266

5 CFR 1204.14 - Requests for access to confidential commercial information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...for access to confidential commercial information. 1204.14 Section 1204.14...PROCEDURES AVAILABILITY OF OFFICIAL INFORMATION Procedures for Obtaining Records Under the Freedom of Information Act § 1204.14 Requests...

2012-01-01

267

5 CFR 1204.14 - Requests for access to confidential commercial information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...for access to confidential commercial information. 1204.14 Section 1204.14...PROCEDURES AVAILABILITY OF OFFICIAL INFORMATION Procedures for Obtaining Records Under the Freedom of Information Act § 1204.14 Requests...

2013-01-01

268

Information extraction from Korean radiology reports mingled two language.  

PubMed

This study presents overall of Information Extraction (IE) for SNUH (Seoul National University Hospital) radiology reports coexisted Korean and English using Concept Node (CN) which is a case frame as extraction rule. The following steps are performed: design conceptual model by terminology exploration based on lexical analysis, create a CN definition based on syntactic relationship pattern and implement automatic IE system using CN. Main purposes is to investigate whether syntactic and semantic analysis technique using extraction rule (CN) is effective for typical Korean medical text in mixed two different languages. PMID:16779301

Kwak, Miyoung; Han, Seungbin; Choi, Jinwook

2005-01-01

269

Stanford University: Center for the Study of Language and Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Center for the Study of Language and Information (CSLI) "is devoted to research in the emerging science of information, computing, and cognition." This "new science" is an interdisciplinary project that developed through a shared interest among computer scientists, linguists, logicians, philosophers, psychologists, and artificial intelligence researchers "in how agents, whether biological or artificial, acquire, process, and convey information." The Center, initiated by researchers from Stanford, SRI International, and Xerox PARC, now also collaborates with researchers from other universities, laboratories, and companies around the world. The website provides information on projects from the Interface Laboratory and the Research in the Cognitive Sciences program. Projects from the Interface Laboratory "constitute a concerted effort at CSLI to address human/computer interface problems emerging in the world of telecommunications, information processing, and consumer electronics." Research in the Cognitive Sciences program addresses interdisciplinary projects that cover a range of topics in computer science, linguistics, logic and semantics, philosophy, psychology, and education. The Publications section includes proceedings from annual conferences, a few older technical reports, and a one-page summary of all publications, including several books available for purchase.

270

Physician Opinions of the Importance, Accessibility, and Quality of Health Information and Their Use of the Information  

PubMed Central

This study compared physicians’ perceptions of the importance, accessibility, and quality of different types of patient information that could potentially be available with Health Information Exchange (HIE) with how they use patient information. The results showed that while the physicians rated the majority of 11 data types as very important, accessible, and of high quality, they regularly used only a few data types before having access to a new HIE system. The three major types of information regularly used by the physicians were diagnoses, current medication lists, and allergy information. This study provides new data about how opinions on the importance of information relate to reported information use. Our findings suggest that having important, accessible, and high quality information does not necessarily lead to routine use, but that much of the early value of HIE may lie in improving access to a few data areas. PMID:21346938

Panjamapirom, Anantachai; Burkhardt, Jeffrey H.; Volk, Lynn A.; Rothschild, Jeffrey M.; Bates, David W.; Glandon, Gerald L.; Berner, Eta S.

2010-01-01

271

28 CFR 1100.33 - Access to information and translation services for victims of severe forms of trafficking in...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Access to information and translation services for victims of severe forms...1100.33 Access to information and translation services for victims of severe forms...section must ensure reasonable access to translation services and/or oral interpreter...

2010-07-01

272

28 CFR 1100.33 - Access to information and translation services for victims of severe forms of trafficking in...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Access to information and translation services for victims of severe forms...1100.33 Access to information and translation services for victims of severe forms...section must ensure reasonable access to translation services and/or oral interpreter...

2013-07-01

273

28 CFR 1100.33 - Access to information and translation services for victims of severe forms of trafficking in...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Access to information and translation services for victims of severe forms...1100.33 Access to information and translation services for victims of severe forms...section must ensure reasonable access to translation services and/or oral interpreter...

2012-07-01

274

28 CFR 1100.33 - Access to information and translation services for victims of severe forms of trafficking in...  

... false Access to information and translation services for victims of severe forms...1100.33 Access to information and translation services for victims of severe forms...section must ensure reasonable access to translation services and/or oral interpreter...

2014-07-01

275

28 CFR 1100.33 - Access to information and translation services for victims of severe forms of trafficking in...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Access to information and translation services for victims of severe forms...1100.33 Access to information and translation services for victims of severe forms...section must ensure reasonable access to translation services and/or oral interpreter...

2011-07-01

276

A Terminology Server for medical language and medical information systems.  

PubMed

GALEN is developing a Terminology Server to support the development and integration of clinical systems through a range of key terminological services, built around a language-independent, re-usable, shared system of concepts--the CORE model. The focus is on supporting applications for medical records, clinical user interfaces and clinical information systems, but also includes systems for natural language understanding, clinical decision support, management of coding and classification schemes, and bibliographic retrieval. The Terminology Server integrates three modules: the Concept Module which implements the GRAIL formalism and manages the internal representation of concept entities, the Multilingual Module which manages the mapping of concept entities to natural language, and the Code Conversion Module which manages the mapping of concept entities to and from existing coding and classification schemes. The Terminology Server also provides external referencing to concept entities, coercion between data types, and makes its services available through a uniform applications programming interface. Taken together these services represent a new approach to the development of clinical systems and the sharing of medical knowledge. PMID:9082124

Rector, A L; Solomon, W D; Nowlan, W A; Rush, T W; Zanstra, P E; Claassen, W M

1995-03-01

277

75 FR 10225 - Office of Postsecondary Education; Overview Information; Language Resource Centers Program...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Postsecondary Education; Overview Information; Language Resource Centers Program; Notice Inviting...Description Purpose of Program: The Language Resource Centers (LRC) program provides...capacity for teaching and learning foreign languages. Priorities: This notice contains...

2010-03-05

278

77 FR 30045 - 30-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: English Language Evaluation Surveys  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Proposed Information Collection: English Language Evaluation Surveys ACTION: Notice of...ECA/P/V, as part of the English Language Evaluation, to conduct surveys of participants...Scholarship program, and the English Language Specialist Program. Participants...

2012-05-21

279

A mobile agent approach to access and represent remote spatial information in LBS  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The mobile computing based Location based Service (LBS) technology has been increasingly grown in the past decade; however there still exist some important constraints that complicate work with a mobile spatial information system. The limited resources in the mobile computing terminals would restrict some features that are available on the traditional computing technology. This paper will explores the use of a cooperative, distributed multi-agent systems (Java Agent Development Framework, JADE) to improve the efficiency of accessing and represent remote spatial information in mobile terminals and fixed terminal which support Java runtime environment (JRE), because that JADE system has following features: distributed agent platform, graphical user interface to manage several agents and agent containers form remote host, supporting to execution of multiple, parallel and concurrent agent activities via behavior model, FIPA-compliant platform including AMS (Agent Management System), DF (Directory Facilitator) and ACC (Agent Communication Channel), Efficient transport of ACL messages inside same agent system, library of FIPA interaction protocols ready to be used, FIPA-compliant naming service and supporting for application-defined content languages and ontology. An agile and flexible agent based approach for accessing and representing remote spatial information is proposed in this paper, mobile agent system architecture in LBS is presented, and a prototype system is given to shown that JADE makes this approach feasible and effective.

Fang, Zhixiang; Li, Qingquan; Luo, Zhi; Geng, Xuexian

2005-10-01

280

The Healthy Web--Access to Online Health Information for Individuals with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The Internet can be an invaluable resource for obtaining health information by people with disabilities. Although valid and reliable information is available, previous research revealed barriers to accessing health information online. Health education specialists have the responsibilities to insure that it is accessible to all users.…

Geiger, Brian; Evans, R. R.; Cellitti, M. A.; Smith, K. Hogan; O'Neal, Marcia R.; Firsing, S. L., III; Chandan, P.

2011-01-01

281

Information Professionals in the Open Access Era: the competencies, challenges and new roles  

Microsoft Academic Search

The push for open access is to encourage new avenues of disseminating information quickly and broadly to advance knowledge. Self-archiving in open access repositories, metadata harvesting, electronic resource management, interoperability in searching, etc. are presenting a whole new dimension of the information landscape. Information professionals working in libraries have been facing tremendous challenges in disseminating scholarly material and learning objects

Maitrayee Ghosh

2009-01-01

282

Access Services Education in Library and Information Science Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article defines the elements of Access Services, explains the importance of those aspects in the library, and proposes a course centered on Access Services for library schools. The areas of circulation, interlibrary loan, course reserves, collection maintenance, and public relations are core components of Access Services. Each of those…

McCaslin, David

2009-01-01

283

Success story in software engineering using NIAM (Natural language Information Analysis Methodology)  

SciTech Connect

To create an information system, we employ NIAM (Natural language Information Analysis Methodology). NIAM supports the goals of both the customer and the analyst completely understanding the information. We use the customer`s own unique vocabulary, collect real examples, and validate the information in natural language sentences. Examples are discussed from a successfully implemented information system.

Eaton, S.M.; Eaton, D.S.

1995-10-01

284

Web Information Resources for Students with Disabilities: How Accessible are They?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated whether World Wide Web information resources for students with disabilities are accessible and whether there is an accessibility difference between Web sites from the United Kingdom, United States, Australia, and Canada as rated by the Bobby automatic accessibility tool. Thirty academic Web sites from each country were…

Kurniawan, Sri H.

285

Improving access to clinical practice guidelines with an interactive graphical interface using an iconic language  

PubMed Central

Background Clinical practice guidelines are useful for physicians, and guidelines are available on the Internet from various websites such as Vidal Recos. However, these guidelines are long and difficult to read, especially during consultation. Similar difficulties have been encountered with drug summaries of product characteristics. In a previous work, we have proposed an iconic language (called VCM, for Visualization of Concepts in Medicine) for representing patient conditions, treatments and laboratory tests, and we have used these icons to design a user interface that graphically indexes summaries of product characteristics. In the current study, our objective was to design and evaluate an iconic user interface for the consultation of clinical practice guidelines by physicians. Methods Focus groups of physicians were set up to identify the difficulties encountered when reading guidelines. Icons were integrated into Vidal Recos, taking human factors into account. The resulting interface includes a graphical summary and an iconic indexation of the guideline. The new interface was evaluated. We compared the response times and the number of errors recorded when physicians answered questions about two clinical scenarios using the interactive iconic interface or a textual interface. Users’ perceived usability was evaluated with the System Usability Scale. Results The main difficulties encountered by physicians when reading guidelines were obtaining an overview and finding recommendations for patients corresponding to “particular cases”. We designed a graphical interface for guideline consultation, using icons to identify particular cases and providing a graphical summary of the icons organized by anatomy and etiology. The evaluation showed that physicians gave clinical responses more rapidly with the iconic interface than the textual interface (25.2 seconds versus 45.6, p < 0.05). The physicians appreciated the new interface, and the System Usability Scale score value was 75 (between good and excellent). Conclusion An interactive iconic interface can provide physicians with an overview of clinical practice guidelines, and can decrease the time required to access the content of such guidelines. PMID:25158762

2014-01-01

286

Primary health-care nurses and Internet health information-seeking: Access, barriers and quality checks.  

PubMed

Online information is a critical resource for evidence-based practice and patient education. This study aimed to establish New Zealand nurses' access and evaluation of online health information in the primary care context using a postal questionnaire survey; there were 630 respondents from a random sample of 931 nurses. The majority of respondents were satisfied with work access to online information (84.5%, n?=?501) and searched for online information at least several times a week (57.5%, n?=?343). The major barrier to online information seeking was insufficient time, but 68 respondents had no work online information access. The level of nursing qualification was significantly correlated with computer confidence and information quality checking. A range of information evaluation approaches was used. Most nurses in study accessed and evaluated Internet information in contrast to the findings of earlier studies, but there were barriers preventing universal integration into practice. PMID:25355072

Gilmour, Jean; Strong, Alison; Chan, Helen; Hanna, Sue; Huntington, Annette

2014-10-30

287

Information visualization; assisting low spatial individuals with information access tasks through the use of visual mediators  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the use of visual mediators to facilitate information access by low spatial individuals. Based on theories of adaptive learning and field-dependence, two human-computer interfaces were developed which were intended to compensate for the inability of low spatial individuals to readily construct visual mental models of a menu system's structure. The two compensatory interfaces included: a 2D visual

KAY M. STANNEY; GAVRIEL SALVENDY

1995-01-01

288

77 FR 42339 - Improving Contracting Officers' Access to Relevant Integrity Information  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...access to relevant information about contractor business ethics in the Federal Awardee Performance and Integrity Information...facilitate the Government's ability to evaluate the business ethics of prospective contractors and protect the...

2012-07-18

289

Handling Vagueness, Subjectivity, and Imprecision in Information Access: An Introduction to the Special Issue.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This special issues comprises nine papers presenting a wide selection of approaches to handling subjectivity, vagueness, and imprecision in information retrieval (IR) and database management necessary for success in designing, developing and implementing effective tools for information access. (LRW)

Crestani, Fabio; Pasi, Gabriella

2003-01-01

290

76 FR 51345 - On Behalf of the Accessibility Committee of the Federal Chief Information Officers Council...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Regarding Improving the Accessibility of Government Information AGENCY: Federal Chief Information...from the public on ways the federal government can take stronger steps toward improving...President Obama's principles of open government, requiring that all government...

2011-08-18

291

75 FR 8330 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Eastern Research Group  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Confidential Business Information by Eastern Research Group AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency...SUMMARY: EPA has authorized contractor, Eastern Research Group (ERG) of Lexington, MA, to access information which has been...

2010-02-24

292

76 FR 23586 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Syracuse Research Corporation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...access to TSCA CBI. List of Subjects Environmental protection, Confidential business information. Dated: April 17, 2011. Mario Caraballo, Acting Director, Information Management Division, Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics. [FR Doc....

2011-04-27

293

40 CFR 1400.9 - Access to off-site consequence analysis information by State and local government officials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Access to off-site consequence analysis information by State and local government...DISTRIBUTION OF OFF-SITE CONSEQUENCE ANALYSIS INFORMATION DISTRIBUTION OF OFF-SITE CONSEQUENCE ANALYSIS INFORMATION Access to Off-Site...

2010-07-01

294

40 CFR 1400.9 - Access to off-site consequence analysis information by State and local government officials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Access to off-site consequence analysis information by State and local government...DISTRIBUTION OF OFF-SITE CONSEQUENCE ANALYSIS INFORMATION DISTRIBUTION OF OFF-SITE CONSEQUENCE ANALYSIS INFORMATION Access to Off-Site...

2012-07-01

295

40 CFR 1400.8 - Access to off-site consequence analysis information by Federal government officials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Access to off-site consequence analysis information by Federal government officials...DISTRIBUTION OF OFF-SITE CONSEQUENCE ANALYSIS INFORMATION DISTRIBUTION OF OFF-SITE CONSEQUENCE ANALYSIS INFORMATION Access to Off-Site...

2011-07-01

296

40 CFR 1400.8 - Access to off-site consequence analysis information by Federal government officials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Access to off-site consequence analysis information by Federal government officials...DISTRIBUTION OF OFF-SITE CONSEQUENCE ANALYSIS INFORMATION DISTRIBUTION OF OFF-SITE CONSEQUENCE ANALYSIS INFORMATION Access to Off-Site...

2013-07-01

297

40 CFR 1400.8 - Access to off-site consequence analysis information by Federal government officials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Access to off-site consequence analysis information by Federal government officials...DISTRIBUTION OF OFF-SITE CONSEQUENCE ANALYSIS INFORMATION DISTRIBUTION OF OFF-SITE CONSEQUENCE ANALYSIS INFORMATION Access to Off-Site...

2012-07-01

298

40 CFR 1400.8 - Access to off-site consequence analysis information by Federal government officials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Access to off-site consequence analysis information by Federal government officials...DISTRIBUTION OF OFF-SITE CONSEQUENCE ANALYSIS INFORMATION DISTRIBUTION OF OFF-SITE CONSEQUENCE ANALYSIS INFORMATION Access to Off-Site...

2010-07-01

299

40 CFR 1400.9 - Access to off-site consequence analysis information by State and local government officials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Access to off-site consequence analysis information by State and local government...DISTRIBUTION OF OFF-SITE CONSEQUENCE ANALYSIS INFORMATION DISTRIBUTION OF OFF-SITE CONSEQUENCE ANALYSIS INFORMATION Access to Off-Site...

2013-07-01

300

40 CFR 1400.9 - Access to off-site consequence analysis information by State and local government officials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Access to off-site consequence analysis information by State and local government...DISTRIBUTION OF OFF-SITE CONSEQUENCE ANALYSIS INFORMATION DISTRIBUTION OF OFF-SITE CONSEQUENCE ANALYSIS INFORMATION Access to Off-Site...

2011-07-01

301

10 CFR 2.905 - Access to restricted data and national security information for parties; security clearances.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Access to restricted data and national security information for...Adjudicatory Proceedings Involving Restricted Data and/or National Security Information § 2.905 Access to restricted data and national security information...

2012-01-01

302

10 CFR 2.905 - Access to restricted data and national security information for parties; security clearances.  

...2014-01-01 false Access to restricted data and national security information for...Adjudicatory Proceedings Involving Restricted Data and/or National Security Information § 2.905 Access to restricted data and national security information...

2014-01-01

303

10 CFR 2.905 - Access to restricted data and national security information for parties; security clearances.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Access to restricted data and national security information for...Adjudicatory Proceedings Involving Restricted Data and/or National Security Information § 2.905 Access to restricted data and national security information...

2013-01-01

304

10 CFR 2.905 - Access to restricted data and national security information for parties; security clearances.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Access to restricted data and national security information for...Adjudicatory Proceedings Involving Restricted Data and/or National Security Information § 2.905 Access to restricted data and national security information...

2011-01-01

305

Bengali-English Relevant Cross Lingual Information Access Using Finite Automata  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

CLIR techniques searches unrestricted texts and typically extract term and relationships from bilingual electronic dictionaries or bilingual text collections and use them to translate query and/or document representations into a compatible set of representations with a common feature set. In this paper, we focus on dictionary-based approach by using a bilingual data dictionary with a combination to statistics-based methods to avoid the problem of ambiguity also the development of human computer interface aspects of NLP (Natural Language processing) is the approach of this paper. The intelligent web search with regional language like Bengali is depending upon two major aspect that is CLIA (Cross language information access) and NLP. In our previous work with IIT, KGP we already developed content based CLIA where content based searching in trained on Bengali Corpora with the help of Bengali data dictionary. Here we want to introduce intelligent search because to recognize the sense of meaning of a sentence and it has a better real life approach towards human computer interactions.

Banerjee, Avishek; Bhattacharyya, Swapan; Hazra, Simanta; Mondal, Shatabdi

2010-10-01

306

How does national culture affect citizens' rights of access to personal health information and informed consent?  

PubMed

Two widely discussed and debated aspects of health law literature are 'informed' consent to medical treatment and the right of access to personal health information. Both are tied to the larger subject of patients' rights, including the right to privacy. This article looks at the issue of informed consent internationally, and goes further to explain some of the inequalities across the world with respect to informed consent and patients' rights legislation via an analysis of the take-up of key legislative attributes in patient consent. Specifically, the effect that national culture, as defined by the GLOBE variables, has on the rate and pattern of adoption of these consent elements is analysed using binary logistic regression to provide evidence of the existence or otherwise of a cultural predicate of the legislative approach. The article concludes by outlining the challenges presented by these differences. PMID:19713397

Cockcroft, Sophie; Sandhu, Neelam; Norris, Anthony

2009-09-01

307

Information Retrieval: Easy English, a language for information retrieval through a remote typewriter console  

Microsoft Academic Search

Easy English is a natural command language designed to simplify communication between man and machine through remote typewriter console. It has been developed for retrieval of documents from a computerized data base, the Moore School Information Systems Laboratory files. Requests are formulated in a standardized syntactical form (examples of which are presented), and this form is then transformed into an

Morris Rubinoff; Samuel Bergman; F. Rapp; H. Cautin

1968-01-01

308

Efficient Information Access for Location-Based Services in Mobile Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The demand for pervasive access of location-related information (e.g., local traffic, restaurant locations, navigation maps, weather conditions, pollution index, etc.) fosters a tremendous application base of "Location Based Services (LBSs)". Without loss of generality, we model location-related information as "spatial objects" and the accesses

Lee, Chi Keung

2009-01-01

309

A Web Recommender System Based on Dynamic Sampling of User Information Access Behaviors  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, we propose a gradual adaption model for a Web recommender system. This model is used to track users' focus of interests and its transition by analyzing their information access behaviors, and recommend appropriate information. A set of concept classes are extracted from Wikipedia. The pages accessed by users are classified by the concept classes, and grouped into

Jian Chen; Roman Y. Shtykh; Qun Jin

2009-01-01

310

For more information about accessibility at the University  

E-print Network

and sporting events held on campus. General Enquiries The University of Western Australia 35 Stirling Highway for Students with a Disability UniAccess provides a range of services and support to UWA students who have a disability or chronic medical condition and require assistance or support. UniAccess staff also provides

Tobar, Michael

311

What Does "Informed Consent" Mean in the Internet Age? Publishing Sign Language Corpora as Open Content  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent technologies in the area of video and Internet are allowing the creation and online publication of large signed language corpora. Primarily addressing the needs of linguists and other researchers, because of their unique character in history these data collections are also made accessible online for a general audience. This "open access"…

Crasborn, Onno

2010-01-01

312

Document language models, query models, and risk minimization for information retrieval  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a framework for information retrieval that combines document models and query models using a probabilistic ranking function based on Bayesian decision theory. The framework suggests an operational retrieval model that extends recent developments in the language modeling approach to information retrieval. A language model for each document is estimated, as well as a language model for each query,

John D. Lafferty; Chengxiang Zhai

2001-01-01

313

Language Difference and Communication Policy in the Information Age  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study argues that language difference is an important, though often neglected, element in contemporary flows of audiovisual media and organizations' efforts to influence them through policy. Because linguistic issues overlap a number of policy areas, including trade, culture, language, and communication, this study advocates for increased attention to language-related concerns within and across those areas by policymakers and researchers

Kenton T. Wilkinson

2004-01-01

314

Understanding Language: An Information-Processing Analysis of Speech Perception, Reading, and Psycholinguistics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an information-processing approach to language processing, language processing is viewed as a sequence of psychological stages that occur between the initial presentation of the language stimulus and the meaning in the mind of the language processor. This book defines each of the processes and structures involved, explains how each of them…

Massaro, Dominic W., Ed.

315

45 CFR 1326.17 - Access to information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Public Welfare (Continued) OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION ON AGING... GRANTS TO INDIAN TRIBES FOR SUPPORT AND NUTRITION SERVICES § 1326.17 Access to...

2013-10-01

316

45 CFR 1326.17 - Access to information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Public Welfare (Continued) OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION ON AGING... GRANTS TO INDIAN TRIBES FOR SUPPORT AND NUTRITION SERVICES § 1326.17 Access to...

2010-10-01

317

45 CFR 1326.17 - Access to information.  

...Public Welfare (Continued) OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION ON AGING... GRANTS TO INDIAN TRIBES FOR SUPPORT AND NUTRITION SERVICES § 1326.17 Access to...

2014-10-01

318

45 CFR 1326.17 - Access to information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Public Welfare (Continued) OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION ON AGING... GRANTS TO INDIAN TRIBES FOR SUPPORT AND NUTRITION SERVICES § 1326.17 Access to...

2011-10-01

319

45 CFR 1326.17 - Access to information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Public Welfare (Continued) OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION ON AGING... GRANTS TO INDIAN TRIBES FOR SUPPORT AND NUTRITION SERVICES § 1326.17 Access to...

2012-10-01

320

16 CFR 308.6 - Access to information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...6 Section 308.6 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION REGULATIONS UNDER SPECIFIC ACTS OF CONGRESS TRADE REGULATION RULE PURSUANT TO THE TELEPHONE DISCLOSURE AND DISPUTE RESOLUTION ACT OF 1992 § 308.6 Access to...

2012-01-01

321

16 CFR 308.6 - Access to information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...6 Section 308.6 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION REGULATIONS UNDER SPECIFIC ACTS OF CONGRESS TRADE REGULATION RULE PURSUANT TO THE TELEPHONE DISCLOSURE AND DISPUTE RESOLUTION ACT OF 1992 § 308.6 Access to...

2013-01-01

322

16 CFR 308.6 - Access to information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...6 Section 308.6 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION REGULATIONS UNDER SPECIFIC ACTS OF CONGRESS TRADE REGULATION RULE PURSUANT TO THE TELEPHONE DISCLOSURE AND DISPUTE RESOLUTION ACT OF 1992 § 308.6 Access to...

2011-01-01

323

16 CFR 308.6 - Access to information.  

...6 Section 308.6 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION REGULATIONS UNDER SPECIFIC ACTS OF CONGRESS TRADE REGULATION RULE PURSUANT TO THE TELEPHONE DISCLOSURE AND DISPUTE RESOLUTION ACT OF 1992 § 308.6 Access to...

2014-01-01

324

16 CFR 308.6 - Access to information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...6 Section 308.6 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION REGULATIONS UNDER SPECIFIC ACTS OF CONGRESS TRADE REGULATION RULE PURSUANT TO THE TELEPHONE DISCLOSURE AND DISPUTE RESOLUTION ACT OF 1992 § 308.6 Access to...

2010-01-01

325

What Does śInformed Consentť Mean in the Internet Age?: Publishing Sign Language Corpora as Open Content  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent technologies in the area of video and Internet are allowing the creation and online publication of large signed language corpora. Primarily addressing the needs of linguists and other researchers, because of their unique character in history these data collections are also made accessible online for a general audience. This “open access” publication may benefit the language communities from which

Onno Crasborn

2010-01-01

326

Impact of the information age on residency training: communication, access to public information, and clinical care.  

PubMed

Access to technology in practice helps physicians manage information, communicate, and research topics; however, those in training receive almost no formal preparation for integrating web-based technologies into practice. One reason for this is that many faculty-aside from junior faculty or those in recent generations-did not grow up using Internet communication, may use it minimally, if at all, in their own practices, and may know little about its forms and varieties. This report presents a case to illustrate how these disparities may play out in the supervisory situation and makes suggestions about helping supervisors integrate technology-awareness into their teaching. PMID:25124878

Hilty, Donald M; Belitsky, Richard; Cohen, Mitchell B; Cabaniss, Deborah L; Dickstein, Leah J; Bernstein, Carol A; Kaplan, Allan S; Scheiber, Stephen C; Crisp-Han, Holly D; Wrzosek, Marika I; Silberman, Edward K

2015-02-01

327

Quality Guidelines for Health Information in Multiple Languages: MedlinePlus  

MedlinePLUS

... Tools Quality Guidelines for Health Information in Multiple Languages To use the sharing features on this page, ... we are selective in reviewing materials in other languages. In addition to our general MedlinePlus Quality Guidelines ...

328

Quantifying Access Disadvantage and Gathering Information in Rural and Remote Localities: The Griffith Service Access Frame.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A purely geographic classification is not the best way to measure rural disadvantage in Australia. A service access model is described that incorporates the following elements: population center size; distance, time, and cost of travel to the service center; and a measure of the economic capacity of residents to overcome the cost of travel.…

Griffith, Dennis A.

2003-01-01

329

15 CFR 784.1 - Complementary access: General information on the purpose of complementary access, affected...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...requires that the United States provide the IAEA with complementary access to locations specified in the U.S. declaration. The IAEA may request and be given complementary...agreed to by the U.S. Government. The IAEA, upon request, will be granted...

2010-01-01

330

Accessing biomedical literature in the current information landscape.  

PubMed

Biomedical and life sciences literature is unique because of its exponentially increasing volume and interdisciplinary nature. Biomedical literature access is essential for several types of users including biomedical researchers, clinicians, database curators, and bibliometricians. In the past few decades, several online search tools and literature archives, generic as well as biomedicine specific, have been developed. We present this chapter in the light of three consecutive steps of literature access: searching for citations, retrieving full text, and viewing the article. The first section presents the current state of practice of biomedical literature access, including an analysis of the search tools most frequently used by the users, including PubMed, Google Scholar, Web of Science, Scopus, and Embase, and a study on biomedical literature archives such as PubMed Central. The next section describes current research and the state-of-the-art systems motivated by the challenges a user faces during query formulation and interpretation of search results. The research solutions are classified into five key areas related to text and data mining, text similarity search, semantic search, query support, relevance ranking, and clustering results. Finally, the last section describes some predicted future trends for improving biomedical literature access, such as searching and reading articles on portable devices, and adoption of the open access policy. PMID:24788259

Khare, Ritu; Leaman, Robert; Lu, Zhiyong

2014-01-01

331

24 CFR 5.905 - What special authority is there to obtain access to sex offender registration information?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...special authority is there to obtain access to sex offender registration information? 5...special authority is there to obtain access to sex offender registration information? (a) PHA obligation to obtain sex offender registration...

2011-04-01

332

24 CFR 5.905 - What special authority is there to obtain access to sex offender registration information?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...special authority is there to obtain access to sex offender registration information? 5...special authority is there to obtain access to sex offender registration information? (a) PHA obligation to obtain sex offender registration...

2012-04-01

333

24 CFR 5.905 - What special authority is there to obtain access to sex offender registration information?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...special authority is there to obtain access to sex offender registration information? 5...special authority is there to obtain access to sex offender registration information? (a) PHA obligation to obtain sex offender registration...

2013-04-01

334

24 CFR 5.905 - What special authority is there to obtain access to sex offender registration information?  

...special authority is there to obtain access to sex offender registration information? 5...special authority is there to obtain access to sex offender registration information? (a) PHA obligation to obtain sex offender registration...

2014-04-01

335

24 CFR 5.905 - What special authority is there to obtain access to sex offender registration information?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...special authority is there to obtain access to sex offender registration information? 5...special authority is there to obtain access to sex offender registration information? (a) PHA obligation to obtain sex offender registration...

2010-04-01

336

Access to Information and Freedom of Information Requests: Neglected Means of Data Production in the Social Sciences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access to information (ATI) and freedom of information (FOI) mechanisms are now relevant features of governments in many liberal democracies today. Citizens, organizations, and permanent residents in several countries across the globe can request unpublished information from federal, provincial, state, county, and municipal government agencies.…

Walby, Kevin; Larsen, Mike

2012-01-01

337

Tablets for Informal Language Learning: Student Usage and Attitudes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile-assisted language learning (MALL), a relatively new area of CALL inquiry, is gaining more and more attention from language educators with the development of new mobile devices. Tablet computers--featuring high mobility, convenient network connectivity, and smart application extendibility--are part of a wave of the latest mobile inventions;…

Chen, Xiao-Bin

2013-01-01

338

Searching for Bridges between Formal and Informal Language Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Life in the contemporary society and ongoing globalisation processes result in growing demands on educators, including language teachers in higher education. The frequently accentuated so-called postmethod approach to foreign language teaching gives teachers a lot of freedom and flexibility but also creates a large space for various types of…

Brebera, Pavel; Hlouskova, Jitka

2012-01-01

339

Information provided by: National African Language Resource Center (NALRC)  

E-print Network

language. Those who speak it as a first language are found along the coast of east Africa stretching from religion, and today many Swahili speakers throughout East Africa are Muslim. Travelers from Portugal, Germany, England and various Asian countries also went to East Africa. Each group left its mark on both

340

Many children who are deaf do not have access to sign language instruction  

E-print Network

signs · Provide a 3D visualization to model real-time motion of user Results APPROACH · Design a glove users to view real-time motions. User interface is accessed through a menu on the display. DESIGN real-time motion HOW IT WORKS · Movements in the fingers and arm send signals to the microcontroller

Provancher, William

341

How to Develop State Guidelines for Access Assistants: Scribes, Readers, and Sign Language Interpreters  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual offers states a tool to assist in the development or enhancement of guidelines for access assistants. Whether a state already has guidelines or is just in the process of establishing them, this manual will provide structure to the process and many examples of criteria already included by states. This manual was developed to accompany…

Clapper, Ann T.; Morse, Amanda B.; Thurlow, Martha L.; Thompson, Sandra J.

2006-01-01

342

Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 2.0: A Further Step towards Accessible Digital Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explain the changes in the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0 compared with WCAG 1.0 within the context of its historical development. Design/methodology/approach: In order to compare WCAG 2.0 with WCAG 1.0 a diachronic analysis of the evolution of these standards is done. Known authors and…

Ribera, Mireia; Porras, Merce; Boldu, Marc; Termens, Miquel; Sule, Andreu; Paris, Pilar

2009-01-01

343

Sea-change or change challenge? Health information access in developing countries: The U.S. National Library of Medicine experience.  

PubMed

Health professionals in developing countries want access to information to help them make changes in health care and contribute to medical research. However, they face challenges of technology limitations, lack of training, and, on the village level, culture and language. This report focuses on the U.S. National Library of Medicine experience with access: for the international medical/scientific community to health information which has been published by researchers in developing countries; for scientists and clinicians in developing countries to their own literature and to that of their colleagues around the world; for medical librarians who are a critical conduit for students, faculty, researchers, and, increasingly, the general public; and for the front line workers at the health center in the village at the end of the line. The fundamental question of whether or not information communication technology can make a difference in access and subsequently in health is illustrated by an anecdote regarding an early intervention in Africa in 1992. From that point, we examine programs to improve access involving malaria researchers, medical journal editors, librarians, and medical students working with local health center staff in the village. Although access is a reality, the positive change in health that the information technology intervention might produce often remains a mirage. Information and technology are not static elements in the equation for better access. They must function together, creating a dialectic in which they transform and inform one another and those whom their combination touches. PMID:22275940

Royall, J; Lyon, B

2011-09-01

344

Proximity-based access control for context-sensitive information provision in SOA-based systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) has enabled open-architecture integration of applications within an enterprise. For net-centric Command and Control (C2), this elucidates information sharing between applications and users, a critical requirement for mission success. The Information Technology (IT) access control schemes, which arbitrate who gets access to what information, do not yet have the contextual knowledge to dynamically allow this information sharing to happen dynamically. The access control might prevent legitimate users from accessing information relevant to the current mission context, since this context may be very different from the context for which the access privileges were configured. We evaluate a pair of data relevance measures - proximity and risk - and use these as the basis of dynamic access control. Proximity is a measure of the strength of connection between the user and the resource. However, proximity is not sufficient, since some data might have a negative impact, if leaked, which far outweighs importance to the subject's mission. For this, we use a risk measure to quantify the downside of data compromise. Given these contextual measures of proximity and risk, we investigate extending Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC), which is used by the Department of Defense, and Role-Based Access Control (RBAC), which is widely used in the civilian market, so that these standards-based access control models are given contextual knowledge to enable dynamic information sharing. Furthermore, we consider the use of such a contextual access control scheme in a SOA-based environment, in particular for net-centric C2.

Rajappan, Gowri; Wang, Xiaofei; Grant, Robert; Paulini, Matthew

2014-06-01

345

Hemispheric differences in the processing of contextual information during language comprehension.  

PubMed

This study investigated the proposition that the right hemisphere (RH) processes language in a global, integrative manner that maintains access to earlier contextual information, whereas the left hemisphere (LH) processes in a local fashion and only keeps active the most recent concept. Thirty-four right-handed participants completed a lexical decision task using a split visual-field paradigm, with reaction time and error rates recorded. Three sentences were presented, where an inference was required in order to produce coherence between the first and second sentences. The third sentence was not directly related to the inference generation, but was consistent with the scenario set out in the prior context. Targets were either "Global", where the target reflected the meaning of the inference generated in order for coherence to have been created; or "Local", where the target reflected the meaning of only the third sentence and therefore did not require integration of previous context. Significantly greater facilitation was observed for the RH/left visual field than LH/right visual field for "Global" targets, while no hemispheric differences were observed for "Local" targets. This study provides evidence for the distillation of current models of hemispheric language comprehension into underlying local and global processes. PMID:25403249

Gouldthorp, Bethanie

2015-05-01

346

Medical Student's Access to Information and Resources for the Residency Selection Process.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Results of a nationwide survey of students showed that, when the students had access to information from medical professionals (faculty members, deans, house physicians) regarding residency selection, they felt they had greater access than did students who made greater use of other sources (official directories, classmates, and the "grapevine").…

Taggart, Mary P.; And Others

1988-01-01

347

Availability of and Ease of Access to Calorie Information on Restaurant Websites  

PubMed Central

Objective Offering calories on restaurant websites might be particularly important for consumer meal planning, but the availability of and ease of accessing this information are unknown. Methods We assessed websites for the top 100 U.S. chain restaurants to determine the availability of and ease of access to calorie information as well as website design characteristics. We also examined potential predictors of calorie availability and ease of access. Results Eighty-two percent of restaurants provided calorie information on their websites; 25% presented calories on a mobile-formatted website. On average, calories could be accessed in 2.35±0.99 clicks. About half of sites (51.2%) linked to calorie information via the homepage. Fewer than half had a separate section identifying healthful options (46.3%), or utilized interactive meal planning tools (35.4%). Quick service/fast casual, larger restaurants, and those with less expensive entrées and lower revenue were more likely to make calorie information available. There were no predictors of ease of access. Conclusion Calorie information is both available and largely accessible on the websites of America’s leading restaurants. It is unclear whether consumer behavior is affected by the variability in the presentation of calorie information. PMID:23977193

Bennett, Gary G.; Steinberg, Dori M.; Lanpher, Michele G.; Askew, Sandy; Lane, Ilana B.; Levine, Erica L.; Goodman, Melody S.; Foley, Perry B.

2013-01-01

348

29.01.03.M1.22 Information Resources Vendor Access Page 1 of 4 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE  

E-print Network

29.01.03.M1.22 Information Resources ­ Vendor Access Page 1 of 4 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE 29.01.03.M1.22 Information Resources ­ Vendor Access Approved July 18, 2005 Revised December 4, 2009 that will mitigate information security risks associated with vendor access. Reason for SAP Vendors play an important

349

22 CFR 1003.5 - Access to personal information from Inter-American Foundation records.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...SAFEGUARDING PERSONAL INFORMATION IN IAF RECORDS § 1003.5 Access to personal information from Inter-American...Virginia 22209. Personal contacts should normally be...individual requesting the information will be required consisting...light of the Federal user charge statute,...

2010-04-01

350

Understanding cultures, and IFLA's Freedom of Access to Information and Freedom of Expression (FAIFE) core activity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Aims to explore an alternative approach to library and information service in multicultural communities, based on the principles of IFLA's Freedom of Access to Information and Freedom of Expression (FAIFE) Committee. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Literature-based analysis of current approaches to multicultural services and the basis for a different approach. Findings – The need in information and library services for

Paul Sturges

2005-01-01

351

Social Information Access for the Rest of Us: An Exploration of Social YouTube  

Microsoft Academic Search

The motivation behind many Information Retrieval systems is to identify and present relevant information to people given their cur- rent goals and needs. Learning about user preferences and access patterns recent technologies make it possible to model user information needs and adapt services to meet these needs. In previous work we have presented ASSIST, a general-purpose platform which incorporates various

Maurice Coyle; Jill Freyne; Peter Brusilovsky; Barry Smyth

2008-01-01

352

8.2 Access to Information and Records Management Policies Introduction  

E-print Network

8.2 Access to Information and Records Management Policies Introduction This category tells people of Information Office EI(S)R charging policy Records Management and archiving policy Policies and guidance relating to our records management, records and information retention and archiving policies Policies

Mottram, Nigel

353

47 CFR 79.105 - Video description and emergency information accessibility requirements for all apparatus.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Telecommunication 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Video description and emergency information accessibility... BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES CLOSED CAPTIONING AND VIDEO DESCRIPTION OF VIDEO PROGRAMMING § 79.105 Video description...

2013-10-01

354

47 CFR 79.106 - Video description and emergency information accessibility requirements for recording devices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Telecommunication 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Video description and emergency information accessibility... BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES CLOSED CAPTIONING AND VIDEO DESCRIPTION OF VIDEO PROGRAMMING § 79.106 Video description...

2013-10-01

355

Medical data mining : improving information accessibility using online patient drug reviews  

E-print Network

We address the problem of information accessibility for patients concerned about, pharmaceutical drug side effects and experiences. We create a new corpus of online patient-provided drug reviews and present our initial ...

Li, Yueyang Alice

2011-01-01

356

78 FR 58264 - Servicemembers' Group Life Insurance and Veterans' Group Life Insurance Information Access  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CFR Part 9 RIN 2900-AO42 Servicemembers' Group Life Insurance and Veterans' Group Life Insurance Information Access AGENCY: Department...its regulations governing Servicemembers' Group Life Insurance (SGLI), Family SGLI, SGLI...

2013-09-23

357

76 FR 37111 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Computer Sciences Corporation and Its Identified...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Access to Confidential Business Information by Computer Sciences Corporation and Its Identified Subcontractors AGENCY...SUMMARY: EPA has authorized its contractor, Computer Sciences Corporation of Chantilly, VA and Its...

2011-06-24

358

75 FR 70672 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Computer Sciences Corporation and Its Identified...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Access to Confidential Business Information by Computer Sciences Corporation and Its Identified Subcontractors AGENCY...SUMMARY: EPA has authorized its contractor, Computer Sciences Corporation (CSC) of Chantilly, VA and Its...

2010-11-18

359

A Case Study on Perspectives by Females of Mexican Descent on Access to Postsecondary Education Information  

E-print Network

The purpose of this study was to provide an understanding of the process Latino parents utilize to gain access to postsecondary education information during their children’s elementary schooling. Significantly, the support Latino parents provide...

Lara, Alma Leticia

2014-04-30

360

10 CFR 110.121 - Security clearances and access to classified information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...security clearances granted pursuant to the hearing and may require the disposal of classified information to which access has been granted or the observance of other procedures to safeguard this...

2010-01-01

361

78 FR 62657 - Proposed Information Collection; The Interagency Access Pass and Senior Pass Application Processes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Proposed Information Collection; The Interagency Access Pass and Senior Pass Application Processes AGENCY: National Park Service...Beautiful--National Parks and Federal Recreation Lands Pass Program covers recreation opportunities on public...

2013-10-22

362

Sign Language Web Pages  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The World Wide Web has changed the way people interact. It has also become an important equalizer of information access for many social sectors. However, for many people, including some sign language users, Web accessing can be difficult. For some, it not only presents another barrier to overcome but has left them without cultural equality. The…

Fels, Deborah I.; Richards, Jan; Hardman, Jim; Lee, Daniel G.

2006-01-01

363

Language Processing in Children with Cochlear Implants: A Preliminary Report on Lexical Access for Production and Comprehension  

PubMed Central

In this plenary paper we present a review of language research in children with cochlear implants along with at outline of a five-year project designed to examine lexical access for production and recognition. The project will use auditory priming, picture naming with auditory or visual interfering stimuli (Picture-Word Interference and Picture-Picture Interference, respectively) and eye tracking paradigms to examine the role of semantic and various phonological factors. Preliminary data are presented from auditory priming, the picture-word interference, and picture-picture interference tasks. The emergence of group difference is briefly discussed. PMID:23489339

Schwartz, Richard G.; Steinman, Susan; Ying, Elizabeth; Mystal, Elana Ying; Houston, Derek M.

2013-01-01

364

Improving Access to Hospice Care: Informing the Debate  

PubMed Central

The most frequently cited policy solution for improving access to hospice care for patients and families is to expand hospice eligibility criteria under the Medicare Hospice Benefit. However, the substantial implications of such a policy change have not been fully articulated or evaluated. This paper seeks to identify and describe the implications of expanding Medicare Hospice Benefit eligibility on the nature of hospice care, the cost of hospice care to the Medicare program, and the very structure of hospice and palliative care delivery in the United States. The growth in hospice has been dramatic and the central issue facing policymakers and the hospice industry is defining the appropriate target population for hospice care. As policymakers and the hospice industry discuss the future of hospice and potential changes to the Medicare Hospice Benefit, it is critical to clearly delineate the options—and the implications and challenges of each option—for improving access to hospice care for patients and families. PMID:18363486

CARLSON, MELISSA D.A.; MORRISON, R. SEAN; BRADLEY, ELIZABETH H.

2015-01-01

365

Exploiting latent semantic information in statistical language modeling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Statistical language models used in large-vocabulary speech recognition must properly encapsulate the various constraints, both local and global, present in the language. While local constraints are readily captured through n-gram modeling, global constraints, such as long-term semantic dependencies, have been more difficult to handle within a data-driven formalism. This paper focuses on the use of latent semantic analysis, a paradigm

JEROME R. BELLEGARDA

2000-01-01

366

Cross-Language Information Retrieval in a Multilingual Legal Domain  

Microsoft Academic Search

. We describe here the application of a cross-language informationretrieval technique based on similarity thesauri in the domainof Swiss law. We present the theory of similarity thesauri, which areinformation structures deerived from corpora, and show how they canbe used for cross-language retrieval. We also discuss the collections ofSwiss legal documents and show how we have used them to construct anenvironment

Paraic Sheridan; Martin Braschlert; Peter Schäuble

1997-01-01

367

Mobile City and Language Guides--New Links between Formal and Informal Learning Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the major challenges in second and foreign language education, is to create links between formal and informal learning environments. Mobile City and Language Guides present examples of theoretical and practical reflections on such links. This paper presents and discusses the first considerations of Mobile City and Language Guides in…

Bo-Kristensen, Mads; Ankerstjerne, Niels Ole; Neutzsky-Wulff, Chresteria; Schelde, Herluf

2009-01-01

368

A study of smoothing methods for language models applied to Ad Hoc information retrieval  

Microsoft Academic Search

Language modeling approaches to information retrieval are attractive and promising because they connect the problem of retrieval with that of language model estimation, which has been studied extensively in other application areas such as speech recognition. The basic idea of these approaches is to estimate a language model for each document, and then rank documents by the likelihood of the

Chengxiang Zhai; John D. Lafferty

2001-01-01

369

Access to French as Second Official Language Programs in English-Dominant Canada  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Language policies in any country exist within socio-historical contexts--embedded in history and influenced by socio-political factors. In Canada, such factors were the impetus to the formation of the Royal Commission on Bilingualism and Biculturalism, which was grounded in an English/French partnership and recommended that Canada become an…

Mady, Callie; Black, Glenda

2012-01-01

370

Cellphone Accessible Information Via Bluetooth Beaconing for the Visually Impaired  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe a complete hardware\\/software system, dubbed Universal Real-Time Navigational Assistance (URNA), which enables communication of relevant location-aware information to a blind person carrying a Bluetooth- enabled cell phone. Although URNA can be used for a number of different applications (e.g., an information kiosk at a shopping mall or public transit information at a bus stop), we concentrate on the

S. Bohonos; A. Lee; A. Malik; C. Thai; Roberto Manduchi

2008-01-01

371

On the Time Course of Accessing Meaning in a Second Language: An Electrophysiological and Behavioral Investigation of Translation Recognition  

PubMed Central

In 2 experiments, relatively proficient Chinese–English bilinguals decided whether Chinese words were the correct translations of English words. Critical trials were those on which incorrect translations were related in lexical form or meaning to the correct translation. In Experiment 1, behavioral interference was revealed for both distractor types, but event-related potentials (ERPs) revealed a different time course for the 2 conditions. Semantic distractors elicited effects primarily on the N400 and late positive component (LPC), with a smaller N400 and a smaller LPC over the posterior scalp but a larger LPC over the anterior scalp relative to unrelated controls. In contrast, translation form distractors elicited a larger P200 and a larger LPC than did unrelated controls. To determine whether the translation form effects were enabled by the relatively long, 750-ms stimulus onset asynchrony (SOA) between words, a 2nd ERP experiment was conducted using a shorter, 300-ms, SOA. The behavioral results revealed interference for both types of distractors, but the ERPs again revealed different loci for the 2 effects. Taken together, the data suggest that proficient bilinguals activate 1st-language translations of words in the 2nd language after they have accessed the meaning of those words. The implications of this pattern for claims about the nature of cross-language activation when bilinguals read in 1 or both languages are discussed. PMID:22686844

Guo, Taomei; Misra, Maya; Tam, Joyce W.; Kroll, Judith F.

2012-01-01

372

The Sound of Motion in Spoken Language: Visual Information Conveyed by Acoustic Properties of Speech  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Language is generally viewed as conveying information through symbols whose form is arbitrarily related to their meaning. This arbitrary relation is often assumed to also characterize the mental representations underlying language comprehension. We explore the idea that visuo-spatial information can be analogically conveyed through acoustic…

Shintel, Hadas; Nusbaum, Howard C.

2007-01-01

373

Accessing Information: The Internet--A Highway or a Maze?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Internet is often called "The Information Highway," a metaphor that implies that there is a straight, clearly mapped path to obtaining information. In reality, it is more like a maze with twists and turns and many dead ends. Efficient navigation strategies must be taught; they will not be acquired through osmosis. Schools with a strong…

Hoctor, Marge

2005-01-01

374

Codebook Based Space Division Multiple Access with Partial Side Information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this letter, a codebook based multiuser MIMO precoding scheme is proposed for a space-division multiple access (SDMA) system with limited feedback. Focusing on the case of SDMA systems with two transmit antennas, a precoder codebook design is proposed based on the idea that a precoder inducing larger fluctuations in the signal to interference and noise ratio (SINK) at each link can lead to a larger gain in terms of multiuser diversity. It is shown that the proposed multiuser MIMO precoding outperforms existing multiuser MIMO techniques in terms of the average system throughput.

Lee, Myoung-Won; Mun, Cheol; Kim, Dong-Hee; Yook, Jong-Gwan

375

Space Physics Metadata Searching Using Space Physics Data Markup Language (SPDML) and Scientific Resource Access System (SRAS)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Space Physics Data Markup Language (SPDML) is a prototype system that provides a standard method of data querying enabling multi-instrument comparison to TIMED data and tracing the Sun-Earth connection. It facilitates the development of an extensible standard for next generation multi-mission catalog searching capabilities such as those proposed for use in Virtual Observatories. SPDML defines a metadata-rich standard method for expressing Space Physics datasets utilizing XML (eXtensible Markup Language) and describes the structure, semantics and content of any space physics data set in any data format. SPDMLs extensibility has been demonstrated, both through its data dictionary that is compatible with the developing Space Physics Archive Search and Extract (SPASE) data dictionary, and by integrating it with another prototype system for accessing Space Physics Metadata - SRAS (Scientific Resource Access System). A testbed has been developed and deployed using data from the NASA TIMED spacecraft and ground-based SuperDARN radars to demonstrate the multi-mission search capabilities (http://sd-www.jhuapl.edu/SPDML) and will be used to demonstrate Virtual Observatory concepts in action.

Weiss, M. B.; Morrison, D. D.; Hashemian, M. R.; Daley, R. A.; Immer, E. A.; Fortner, B. I.; Jen, J.; Steele, J.

2004-12-01

376

Effects of iconicity and semantic relatedness on lexical access in american sign language.  

PubMed

Iconicity is a property that pervades the lexicon of many sign languages, including American Sign Language (ASL). Iconic signs exhibit a motivated, nonarbitrary mapping between the form of the sign and its meaning. We investigated whether iconicity enhances semantic priming effects for ASL and whether iconic signs are recognized more quickly than noniconic signs are (controlling for strength of iconicity, semantic relatedness, familiarity, and imageability). Twenty deaf signers made lexical decisions to the 2nd item of a prime-target pair. Iconic target signs were preceded by prime signs that were (a) iconic and semantically related, (b) noniconic and semantically related, or (c) semantically unrelated. In addition, a set of noniconic target signs was preceded by semantically unrelated primes. Significant facilitation was observed for target signs when they were preceded by semantically related primes. However, iconicity did not increase the priming effect (e.g., the target sign PIANO was primed equally by the iconic sign GUITAR and the noniconic sign MUSIC). In addition, iconic signs were not recognized faster or more accurately than were noniconic signs. These results confirm the existence of semantic priming for sign language and suggest that iconicity does not play a robust role in online lexical processing. PMID:20919784

Bosworth, Rain G; Emmorey, Karen

2010-11-01

377

An evaluation of e-readiness assessment tools with respect to information access: Towards an integrated information rich tool  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is an offshoot of the findings of a doctoral thesis carried out at the University of Johannesburg (formerly Rand Afrikaans University) in South Africa on the assessment of e-readiness tools with respect to information access. The paper argues that information is a key component in the e-readiness equation and yet it is not given much emphasis in the

Stephen M. Mutula; Pieter van Brakel

2006-01-01

378

The Post-September 11 Environment: Access to Government Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

OMB Watch (a watchdog agency of the White House Office of Management and Budget, which in part overseas information collection and dissemination to the public) is currently maintaining a list of governmental Websites that have removed information in response to the September 11 terrorist attacks. For example, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission has removed documents from their Website that detail the specifications of energy facilities in the US. The listing has brief descriptions of the newly missing information and direct links to the sites.

2001-01-01

379

Interactions between Statistical and Semantic Information in Infant Language Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Infants can use statistical regularities to form rudimentary word categories (e.g. noun, verb), and to learn the meanings common to words from those categories. Using an artificial language methodology, we probed the mechanisms by which two types of statistical cues (distributional and phonological regularities) affect word learning. Because…

Lany, Jill; Saffran, Jenny R.

2011-01-01

380

Moving from Informal to Formal Mathematical Language in Maltese Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Malta, mathematics is often taught through code-switching between Maltese and English, mainly due to the use of textbooks published in the UK. The mixing of the languages has been a source of discussion for several years, with some educators accepting the mixed pattern, and others arguing in favour of using English alone. Furthermore, the…

Farrugia, Marie Therese

2013-01-01

381

Recent Developments in Spoken Language Sytems for Information Retrieval  

E-print Network

. The goal of the Mask project is to develop a multimodal,multimediaservice kiosk to be located in train to a database in- formation retrieval system, for three applications in a travel domain: l'Atis, Mask and Rail status of prototype spoken language systems for l'Atis and Mask being used for data collection. 1

382

40 CFR 1400.3 - Public access to paper copies of off-site consequence analysis information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Public access to paper copies of off-site consequence analysis...Access § 1400.3 Public access to paper copies of off-site consequence analysis...any member of the public has access to a paper copy of OCA information in the manner...

2010-07-01

383

32 CFR 310.17 - Individual access to personal information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...to personal information in a system of records to the system manager or to the office designated in the DoD Component procedural... (2) The personal uncirculated handwritten notes of unit leaders, office supervisors, or military supervisory...

2010-07-01

384

Language Preferences on Websites and in Google Searches for Human Health and Food Information  

PubMed Central

Background While it is known that the majority of pages on the World Wide Web are in English, little is known about the preferred language of users searching for health information online. Objectives (1) To help global and domestic publishers, for example health and food agencies, to determine the need for translation of online information from English into local languages. (2) To help these agencies determine which language(s) they should select when publishing information online in target nations and for target subpopulations within nations. Methods To estimate the percentage of Web publishers that translate their health and food websites, we measured the frequency at which domain names retrieved by Google overlap for language translations of the same health-related search term. To quantify language choice of searchers from different countries, Google provided estimates of the rate at which its search engine was queried in six languages relative to English for the terms “avian flu,” “tuberculosis,” “schizophrenia,” and “maize” (corn) from January 2004 to April 2006. The estimate was based on a 20% sample of all Google queries from 227 nations. Results We estimate that 80%-90% of health- and food-related institutions do not translate their websites into multiple languages, even when the information concerns pandemic disease such as avian influenza. Although Internet users are often well-educated, there was a strong preference for searching for health and food information in the local language, rather than English. For “avian flu,” we found that only 1% of searches in non-English-speaking nations were in English, whereas for “tuberculosis” or “schizophrenia,” about 4%-40% of searches in non-English countries employed English. A subset of searches for health information presumably originating from immigrants occurred in their native tongue, not the language of the adopted country. However, Spanish-language online searches for “avian flu,” “schizophrenia,” and “maize/corn” in the United States occurred at only <1% of the English search rate, although the US online Hispanic population constitutes 12% of the total US online population. Sub-Saharan Africa and Bangladesh searches for health information occurred in unexpected languages, perhaps reflecting the presence of aid workers and the global migration of Internet users, respectively. In Latin America, indigenous-language search terms were often used rather than Spanish. Conclusions (1) Based on the strong preference for searching the Internet for health information in the local language, indigenous language, or immigrant language of origin, global and domestic health and food agencies should continue their efforts to translate their institutional websites into more languages. (2) We have provided linguistic online search pattern data to help health and food agencies better select languages for targeted website publishing. PMID:17613488

Singh, Punam Mony; Wight, Carly A; Sercinoglu, Olcan; Wilson, David C; Boytsov, Artem

2007-01-01

385

UB at CLEF2004: Cross Language Information Retrieval Using Statistical Language Models  

E-print Network

modeling. Our Adhoc retrieval work used the TAPIR toolkit de- veloped in house by M Srikanth. Our approach the TAPIR (Text Analysis and Processing for Information Retrieval) toolkit which was originally developed

Ruiz, Miguel E.

386

Defining core issues in utilizing information technology to improve access: evaluation and research agenda.  

PubMed

The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) has been at the vanguard of information technology (IT) and use of comprehensive electronic health records. Despite the widespread use of health IT in the VA, there are still a variety of key questions that need to be answered in order to maximize the utility of IT to improve patient access to quality services. This paper summarizes the potential of IT to enhance healthcare access, key gaps in current evidence linking IT and access, and methodologic challenges for related research. We also highlight four key issues to be addressed when implementing and evaluating the impact of IT interventions on improving access to quality care: 1) Understanding broader needs/perceptions of the Veteran population and their caregivers regarding use of IT to access healthcare services and related information. 2) Understanding individual provider/clinician needs/perceptions regarding use of IT for patient access to healthcare. 3) System/Organizational issues within the VA and other organizations related to the use of IT to improve access. 4) IT integration and information flow with non-VA entities. While the VA is used as an example, the issues are salient for healthcare systems that are beginning to take advantage of IT solutions. PMID:21989613

Jackson, George L; Krein, Sarah L; Alverson, Dale C; Darkins, Adam W; Gunnar, William; Harada, Nancy D; Helfrich, Christian D; Houston, Thomas K; Klobucar, Thomas F; Nazi, Kim M; Poropatich, Ronald K; Ralston, James D; Bosworth, Hayden B

2011-11-01

387

Analysis of Decision Factors for the Application of Information Access Controls within the Organization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The application of access controls on internal information necessarily impacts the availability of that information for sharing inside the enterprise. The decisions establishing the degree of control are a crucial first step to balance the requirements to protect and share. This research develops a set of basic decision factors and examines other…

Foerster, Carl A.

2013-01-01

388

Sorting Out the Web: Approaches to Subject Access. Contemporary Studies in Information Management, Policies, and Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book examines what has been done in providing subject access to networked resources. The first chapter provides a historical overview of information services, developments in information technology, end users, and the Internet, as well as a discussion of the library response to these developments. The second chapter discusses metadata,…

Schwartz, Candy

389

Information Literacy Skills Training: A Factor in Student Satisfaction with Access to High Demand Material  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a survey of Business and Government, Law and Information Sciences students carried out at the University of Canberra, results showed that in-curricula information literacy skills training had a greater impact on students' satisfaction with access to high demand material than the purchase of additional copies of books. This paper will discuss…

Perrett, Valerie

2010-01-01

390

Accessing Canadian Federal Information: A Depository Program for the Twenty-First Century?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the current status and future of Canada's Depository Service Program (DSP) for government information. The first section discusses the depository model, including changes due to information technology and decentralization of government authority. Access and preservation are addressed in the second section, including the…

Gnassi, Bruno

391

From Sentence Processing to Information Access on the World Wide Web  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the START Information Server built at the MIT Artificial Intelligence Laboratory. Available on the World Wide Web since December 1993, the START Server provides users with access to multi-media information in response to questions for- mulated in English. Over the last 3 years, the START Server answered hundreds of thousands of questions from users all over the

Boris Katz

1997-01-01

392

The University of Minnesota's Internet Gopher System: A Tool for Accessing Network-Based Electronic Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Gopher system developed at the University of Minnesota for accessing information on the Internet. Highlights include the need for navigation tools; Gopher clients; FTP (File Transfer Protocol); campuswide information systems; navigational enhancements; privacy and security issues; electronic publishing; multimedia; and future…

Wiggins, Rich

1993-01-01

393

The Use of Wireless Internet Service to Access Real-Time Transit Information  

E-print Network

The Use of Wireless Internet Service to Access Real-Time Transit Information S.D. Maclean and D@its.washington.edu ,dailey@ee.washington.edu ABSTRACT In this paper we describe the usage of a transit vehicle information system that delivers estimated departure times for a large transit fleet by way of internet

394

POLICY FOR THE PROTECTION OF PERSONAL INFORMATION FROM ACCESS OUTSIDE CANADA  

E-print Network

POLICY FOR THE PROTECTION OF PERSONAL INFORMATION FROM ACCESS OUTSIDE CANADA Issued by authorities outside Canada. This policy is supplementary to other University regulations, policies of a faculty member. #12;2 Policy Requirement to Store Personal Information in Canada 1. All University data

Brownstone, Rob

395

Overcoming Inertia: Increasing Public Health Departments’ Access to Evidence-Based Information and Promoting Usage to Inform Practice  

PubMed Central

In 2010, the New England Region–National Network of Libraries of Medicine at University of Massachusetts Medical School received funding to improve information access for public health departments in 6 New England states and Colorado. Public health departments were provided with desktop digital access to licensed e-resources available through special pricing. In January through mid-April 2012, we evaluated the effectiveness of providing access to and training for using e-resources to public health department staff to motivate usage in practice. We found that additional strategies are needed to accomplish this. PMID:24228662

Dahlen, Karen; Gabella, Barbara A.; Juhl, Ashley L.; Martin, DA, Elaine

2014-01-01

396

Modeling the efficient access of full-text information  

SciTech Connect

The title of this paper describes a research goal set by many offices within US DOE. This paper reviews efficient full-text searching techniques being developed to better understand and meet this goal. Classical computer human interaction (CHI) approaches provided by commercial information retrieval (IR) engines fail to contextualize information in ways that facilitate timely decision making. Use of advanced CHI techniques (eg, visualization) in combination with deductive database technology augment the weaknesses found in presentation capabilities of IR engines and are discussed. Various techniques employed in a Web-based prototype system currently under development are presented.

Bernard, M.; Kero, R.; Korp, P.; McCusker-Whiting, M.; Tsur, S. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Dunlap, K.; Johnson, L. [USDOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

1996-05-01

397

Transferability and data access issues. [decision information display system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The evolution and current operational mode of the domestic information display system (DIDS) now known as the decision information display system are described. This minicomputer based system, developed from a NASA-generated image processing system, was designed to display federal statistical data for a variety of geographic areas in the form of choropleth maps. The application of DIDS in South Carolina is discussed as well as the progress made and issues that emerged in using the data base on a state and county level. The hardware base for the system, how this user friendly system works, and the possibility of transferring data to remote systems are examined.

Ferreros, A. V.

1981-01-01

398

Health Information Literacy Outreach: Improving Health Literacy and Access to Reliable Health Information in Rural Oxford County Maine  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of this health information outreach project was to increase access to health information and improve health literacy in rural Maine. A health literacy curriculum was developed and piloted by teachers and librarians in local schools. Among students who completed the pre-survey (N = 121), 18% said they were confident in their ability to evaluate Web-based health information before participating in

Sabrina Kurtz-Rossi; Patricia Duguay

2010-01-01

399

Extracting Biomarker Information Applying Natural Language Processing and Machine Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we detail an approach to a very specific task of information extraction namely, extracting biomarker information in biomedical literature. Starting with the abstract of a given publication, we first identify the evaluative sentence(s) among other sentences by recognizing words and phrases in the text belonging to semantic categories of interest to bio-medical entities (i.e., semantic category recognition).

Mostafa Shaikh; Abhaya Nayak; Shoba Ranganathan

2010-01-01

400

A Portal for Access to Complex Distributed Information about Energy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Digital Government Research Center (DGRC) has completed phase one of the Energy Data Collection (EDC) project. In this paper, we present the results of building and evaluating system components, along with plans for phase two of the project. Phase one focused on data about petroleum products' prices and volumes, provided by the Energy Information Administration, the Bureau of Labor

José Luis Ambite; Yigal Arens; Walter Bourne; Peter T. Davis; Eduard H. Hovy; Judith L. Klavans; Andrew Philpot; Samuel D. Popper; Kenneth A. Ross; Ju-ling Shih; Peter Sommer; Surabhan Temiyabutr; Laura Zadoff

2002-01-01

401

Web Access to Japanese Science and Technology Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a project conducted by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Libraries in collaboration with the MIT Japan Program; its objectives are to increase information exchange and enhance cooperation between Japan and the United States through a World Wide Web page and an interactive listserv. Examines usage statistics and issues in…

Takase, Emi

1997-01-01

402

Sub- and Supralexical Information in Early Phases of Lexical Access  

PubMed Central

The present study investigated sub- and supralexical effects in morphological processing for inflected and pseudo complex words and pseudo words in lexical decision with masked and cross-modal priming. The results showed that the early stage of morphological processing is not only sensitive to whether the orthographic string can be segmented into an existing stem and affix, but also whether the full form is an existing word the meaning of which differs from the meaning of the segmented stem. It is thus likely that from early on morphological processing is probably not governed by morpho-orthographic processes alone, but is most likely sensitive to top-down information, perhaps originating from supralexical semantic connections between the words morphological family members. In addition, whereas semantic interpretability has a clear advantage later in processing, this stage seems to be sensitive to bottom-up form information as well. In a detailed theoretical discussion we show how these findings, along with earlier findings, are explained by a model that assumes that morphological information is represented at two interactive levels, corresponding to sublexical form (orthographic) and supralexical (semantic) information mediated by a lexical level. This allows supralexical (semantic) effects to feed top-down, predicting differences between regular inflected and pseudo complex words at the lexical level, affecting the early phases of processing for these words. PMID:22046167

Järvikivi, Juhani; Pyykkönen, Pirita

2011-01-01

403

An Educators' Guide to Information Access across the Internet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A discussion of tools available for use of the Internet, particularly by college and university educators and students, offers information on use of various services, including electronic mailing list servers, data communications protocols for networking, inter-host connections, file transfer protocol, gopher software, bibliographic searching,…

Hazari, Sunil

1994-01-01

404

Enhancing Mobile Access to Information with the Short Message Service  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the development of interactive text message applications at the University of North Carolina Wilmington. We describe how the university's information technology innovation program led to the formation of a faculty owned company in which the university holds an equity interest. Next, we discuss the collaborative development…

Brown, Jeff; Vetter, Ron; Saunders-White, Debra

2008-01-01

405

Access to agricultural information and millennium development goals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The millennium development goals (MDGs) emerged from the Millennium Declaration adopted by all Member States of the United Nations. The MDGs are international objectives on poverty reduction adopted by the world community in 2000. This paper examines provision of agricultural information to rural dwellers\\/farmers in meeting the MDG 1: eradicating poverty and hunger in the world. Design\\/methodology\\/approach –

Adebambo Adewale Oduwole; Chichi Nancy Okorie

2010-01-01

406

ScienceCentral: open access full-text archive of scientific journals based on Journal Article Tag Suite regardless of their languages.  

PubMed

ScienceCentral, a free or open access, full-text archive of scientific journal literature at the Korean Federation of Science and Technology Societies, was under test in September 2013. Since it is a Journal Article Tag Suite-based full text database, extensible markup language files of all languages can be presented, according to Unicode Transformation Format 8-bit encoding. It is comparable to PubMed Central: however, there are two distinct differences. First, its scope comprises all science fields; second, it accepts all language journals. Launching ScienceCentral is the first step for free access or open access academic scientific journals of all languages to leap to the world, including scientific journals from Croatia. PMID:24266292

Huh, Sun

2013-01-01

407

Enabling mHealth while assuring compliance: reliable and secure information access in a mobile world.  

PubMed

An increasingly mobile clinical workforce rapidly adopting consumer devices to access mobile, cloud-based applications, complemented by the wide range of mobile storage devices and other portable electronics, such as digital cameras, MP3 players, can make it difficult to efficiently assure compliance without impacting user productivity. This article reviewed a number of healthcare use cases and introduced comprehensive concepts and possible automated solutions to meet the requirements of a highly complex infrastructure of devices accessing confidential information. PMID:23039784

Wirth, Axel

2012-01-01

408

Universal Access in the Information Society: Methods, Tools, and Interaction Technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

.   \\u000a Accessibility and high quality of interaction with products, applications, and services by anyone, anywhere, and at any time are fundamental requirements\\u000a for universal access in the emerging Information Society. This paper discusses these requirements, and their relation to the concept of automated\\u000a adaptation of user interfaces. An example application is presented, showing how adaptation can be used to

Constantine Stephanidis; Anthony Savidis

2001-01-01

409

Global land information system (GLIS) access to worldwide Landsat data  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Landsat Technical Working Group (LTWG) and the Landsat Ground Station Operations Working Group (LGSOWG) have encouraged Landsat receiving stations around the world to share information about their data holdings through the exchange of metadata records. Receiving stations forward their metadata records to the U.S. Geological Survey's EROS Data Center (EDC) on a quarterly basis. The EDC maintains the records for each station, coordinates changes to the database, and provides metadata to the stations as requested. The result is a comprehensive international database listing most of the world's Landsat data acquisitions This exchange of information began in the early 1980's with the inclusion in the EDC database os scenes acquired by a receiving station in Italy. Through the years other stations have agreed to participate; currently ten of the seventeen stations actively share their metadata records. Coverage maps have been generated to depict the status of the database. The Worldwide Landsat database is also available though the Global Land Information System (GLIS).

Smith, Timothy B.; Goodale, Katherine L.

1993-01-01

410

Natural Language Query System Design for Interactive Information Storage and Retrieval Systems. M.S. Thesis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The currently developed multi-level language interfaces of information systems are generally designed for experienced users. These interfaces commonly ignore the nature and needs of the largest user group, i.e., casual users. This research identifies the importance of natural language query system research within information storage and retrieval system development; addresses the topics of developing such a query system; and finally, proposes a framework for the development of natural language query systems in order to facilitate the communication between casual users and information storage and retrieval systems.

Dominick, Wayne D. (editor); Liu, I-Hsiung

1985-01-01

411

40 CFR 1400.9 - Access to off-site consequence analysis information by State and local government officials.  

...analysis information by State and local government officials. 1400.9 Section 1400...Consequence Analysis Information by Government Officials. § 1400.9 Access to...analysis information by State and local government officials. (a) The...

2014-07-01

412

40 CFR 1400.3 - Public access to paper copies of off-site consequence analysis information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...paper copies of off-site consequence analysis information. 1400.3 Section 1400...DISTRIBUTION OF OFF-SITE CONSEQUENCE ANALYSIS INFORMATION DISTRIBUTION OF OFF-SITE CONSEQUENCE ANALYSIS INFORMATION Public Access §...

2013-07-01

413

40 CFR 1400.3 - Public access to paper copies of off-site consequence analysis information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...paper copies of off-site consequence analysis information. 1400.3 Section 1400...DISTRIBUTION OF OFF-SITE CONSEQUENCE ANALYSIS INFORMATION DISTRIBUTION OF OFF-SITE CONSEQUENCE ANALYSIS INFORMATION Public Access §...

2012-07-01

414

42 CFR 433.127 - Termination of FFP for failure to provide access to claims processing and information retrieval...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...access to claims processing and information retrieval systems. 433.127 Section...Mechanized Claims Processing and Information Retrieval Systems § 433.127 ...to claims processing and information retrieval systems. CMS...

2012-10-01

415

42 CFR 433.127 - Termination of FFP for failure to provide access to claims processing and information retrieval...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...access to claims processing and information retrieval systems. 433.127 Section...Mechanized Claims Processing and Information Retrieval Systems § 433.127 ...to claims processing and information retrieval systems. CMS...

2011-10-01

416

42 CFR 433.127 - Termination of FFP for failure to provide access to claims processing and information retrieval...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...access to claims processing and information retrieval systems. 433.127 Section...Mechanized Claims Processing and Information Retrieval Systems § 433.127 ...to claims processing and information retrieval systems. CMS...

2013-10-01

417

42 CFR 433.127 - Termination of FFP for failure to provide access to claims processing and information retrieval...  

...access to claims processing and information retrieval systems. 433.127 Section...Mechanized Claims Processing and Information Retrieval Systems § 433.127 ...to claims processing and information retrieval systems. CMS...

2014-10-01

418

Improving access to computer-based library and drug information services in patient-care areas.  

PubMed

A project to increase access to drug and biomedical information through electronic linkage of drug information and library services to three patient-care areas is described. In February 1987, microcomputer work stations were installed in the Bexar County Hospital District's hospital emergency department, medical residents' office, and ambulatory-care clinic, as well as in The University of Texas Health Science Center's library reference area and drug information service office. Drug information was available on compact disk through the Micromedex Computerized Clinical Information System (CCIS) database, which includes DRUGDEX, POISINDEX, EMERGINDEX, and IDENTIDEX. Each work station was also connected to the library's computer via modem, allowing access to the Library Information System, books, journals, audiovisual materials, miniMEDLINE, and an electronic mail system. During the six-month project, the system was used 5487 times by 702 people. The system was successful in providing drug and other information in clinical settings and in introducing clinical staff members to new information technology. To increase access to the system after the project ended, the CD-ROM version was discontinued, and the distributed tape version of CCIS for VAX computers was added to the library's online information system, making drug information more available throughout the campus and teaching hospitals. In 1988-89 an average of 200 people accessed the tape version of CCIS each month. Although it is difficult to replace the convenience of an onsite library, at least some drug and biomedical information needs in the clinical setting can be met through computer networking. PMID:2405657

Tobia, R C; Bierschenk, N F; Knodel, L C; Bowden, V M

1990-01-01

419

Connecting the dots: Limited English proficiency, second language learning theories, and information literacy instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Librarians who teach students with limited English proficiency have discussed various barriers limiting effective learning. This article shows how applying second language acquisition theories and teaching practices derived from them can significantly impact outcomes of information literacy instruction.

Miriam Conteh-Morgan

2002-01-01

420

Cross-Language Information Retrieval: Experiments Based on CLEF 2000 Corpora.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses cross-language, multilingual, and bilingual information retrieval on the Web; evaluates retrieval effectiveness of indexing and search strategies based on test collections from CLEF (Cross-Language Evaluation Forum) in English, French, German, and Italian; and suggests and evaluates database merging strategies. Appendices include…

Savoy, Jacques

2003-01-01

421

Natural Language Processing at the School of Information Studies for Africa Bjorn Gamback  

E-print Network

Natural Language Processing at the School of Information Studies for Africa Bj¨orn Gamb processing resources. To this end, the authors were invited to conduct a course in Natural Language an introductory course in Natural Lan- guage Processing to graduate computer science students at Addis Ababa

Gambäck, Björn

422

A General Game Description Language for Incomplete Information Games Michael Thielscher  

E-print Network

A General Game Description Language for Incomplete Information Games Michael Thielscher School A General Game Player is a system that can play previously unknown games given nothing but their rules. The Game Description Language (GDL) has been developed as a high- level knowledge representation formalism

Thielscher, Michael

423

10 CFR 727.5 - What acknowledgment and consent is required for access to information on DOE computers?  

...required for access to information on DOE computers? 727.5 Section 727.5 Energy...TO INFORMATION ON DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY COMPUTERS § 727.5 What acknowledgment and...required for access to information on DOE computers? An individual may not be...

2014-01-01

424

10 CFR 727.5 - What acknowledgment and consent is required for access to information on DOE computers?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...required for access to information on DOE computers? 727.5 Section 727.5 Energy...TO INFORMATION ON DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY COMPUTERS § 727.5 What acknowledgment and...required for access to information on DOE computers? An individual may not be...

2013-01-01

425

Technology-Assisted Patient Access to Clinical Information: An Evaluation Framework for Blue Button  

PubMed Central

Background Patient access to clinical information represents a means to improve the transparency and delivery of health care as well as interactions between patients and health care providers. We examine the movement toward augmenting patient access to clinical information using technology. Our analysis focuses on “Blue Button,” a tool that many health care organizations are implementing as part of their Web-based patient portals. Objective We present a framework for evaluating the effects that technology-assisted access to clinical information may have on stakeholder experiences, processes of care, and health outcomes. Methods A case study of the United States Department of Veterans Affairs' (VA) efforts to make increasing amounts of clinical information available to patients through Blue Button. Drawing on established collaborative relationships with researchers, clinicians, and operational partners who are engaged in the VA’s ongoing implementation and evaluation efforts related to Blue Button, we assessed existing evidence and organizational practices through key informant interviews, review of documents and other available materials, and an environmental scan of published literature and the websites of other health care organizations. Results Technology-assisted access to clinical information represents a significant advance for VA patients and marks a significant change for the VA as an organization. Evaluations of Blue Button should (1) consider both processes of care and outcomes, (2) clearly define constructs of focus, (3) examine influencing factors related to the patient population and clinical context, and (4) identify potential unintended consequences. Conclusions The proposed framework can serve as a roadmap to guide subsequent research and evaluation of technology-assisted patient access to clinical information. To that end, we offer a series of related recommendations. PMID:24675395

Nazi, Kim M; Luger, Tana M; Amante, Daniel J; Smith, Bridget M; Barker, Anna; Shimada, Stephanie L; Volkman, Julie E; Garvin, Lynn; Simon, Steven R; Houston, Thomas K

2014-01-01

426

Environmental Information Management For Data Discovery and Access System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mercury is a federated metadata harvesting, search and retrieval tool based on both open source software and software developed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. It was originally developed for NASA, and the Mercury development consortium now includes funding from NASA, USGS, and DOE. A major new version of Mercury was developed during 2007 and released in early 2008. This new version provides orders of magnitude improvements in search speed, support for additional metadata formats, integration with Google Maps for spatial queries, support for RSS delivery of search results, and ready customization to meet the needs of the multiple projects which use Mercury. For the end users, Mercury provides a single portal to very quickly search for data and information contained in disparate data management systems. It collects metadata and key data from contributing project servers distributed around the world and builds a centralized index. The Mercury search interfaces then allow ! the users to perform simple, fielded, spatial and temporal searches across these metadata sources. This centralized repository of metadata with distributed data sources provides extremely fast search results to the user, while allowing data providers to advertise the availability of their data and maintain complete control and ownership of that data.

Giriprakash, P.

2011-01-01

427

The Gender Puzzle: Toddlers' Use of Articles to Access Noun Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Grammatical gender embedded in determiners, nouns and adjectives allows indirect and more rapid processing of the referents implied in sentences. However in a language such as Spanish, this useful information cannot be reliably retrieved from a single source of information. Instead, noun gender may be extracted either from phono-morphological,…

Arias-Trejo, Natalia; Falcon, Alberto; Alva-Canto, Elda A.

2013-01-01

428

State secrets: access to information under the Human Reproductive Technology Act 1991 (WA).  

PubMed

Many Australian children have a biological father who gave his sperm so that the child's mother could conceive and raise them. Many of these children, and their parent(s), do not know who that biological father is. However, some want to know. The article examines the Western Australian law on access to information about the identity of parties in these arrangements. It is argued that there is an implied right to access identifying information where all parties consent to the exchange of information; that this right has been ignored in official and medical practice and opportunities for good record-keeping missed; and that the current law allows a parent to give consent to the exchange of identifying information on behalf of their child at any time after the child is conceived. PMID:12194462

Tarrant, Stella

2002-02-01

429

29 CFR 37.35 - What are a recipient's responsibilities to provide services and information in languages other...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...to provide services and information in languages other than English? 37.35 Section...to provide services and information in languages other than English? (a) A significant...may need services or information in a language other than English in order to be...

2011-07-01

430

29 CFR 37.35 - What are a recipient's responsibilities to provide services and information in languages other...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...to provide services and information in languages other than English? 37.35 Section...to provide services and information in languages other than English? (a) A significant...may need services or information in a language other than English in order to be...

2010-07-01

431

29 CFR 37.35 - What are a recipient's responsibilities to provide services and information in languages other...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...and information in languages other than English? 37.35 Section 37.35 Labor...and information in languages other than English? (a) A significant number or...or information in a language other than English in order to be effectively...

2013-07-01

432

29 CFR 37.35 - What are a recipient's responsibilities to provide services and information in languages other...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...and information in languages other than English? 37.35 Section 37.35 Labor...and information in languages other than English? (a) A significant number or...or information in a language other than English in order to be effectively...

2012-07-01

433

29 CFR 37.35 - What are a recipient's responsibilities to provide services and information in languages other...  

...and information in languages other than English? 37.35 Section 37.35 Labor...and information in languages other than English? (a) A significant number or...or information in a language other than English in order to be effectively...

2014-07-01

434

Motivations for URL citations to open access library and information science articles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  We define the URL citations of a Web page to be the mentions of its URL in the text of other Web pages, whether hyperlinked\\u000a or not. The proportions of formal and informal scholarly motivations for creating URL citations to Library and Information\\u000a Science open access journal articles were identified. Five characteristics for each source of URL citations equivalent to

Kayvan Kousha; Mike Thelwall

2006-01-01

435

40 CFR 1400.3 - Public access to paper copies of off-site consequence analysis information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Public access to paper copies of off-site...PREVENTION REQUIREMENTS; RISK MANAGEMENT PROGRAMS UNDER THE...INFORMATION Public Access § 1400.3 Public...provide a person with access to a paper copy of OCA...Ascertained the person's identity by viewing photo...

2011-07-01

436

BCS IRSG Symposium: Future Directions in Information Access (FDIA 2007) Personalization of Social Media  

E-print Network

BCS IRSG Symposium: Future Directions in Information Access (FDIA 2007) Personalization of Social tools for content sharing and relationship maintenance. People create digital identities to distribute freely inject new content and assign an index for future retrieval. The indexed content can be retrieved

437

Access granted: The imperative of innovation and standardization in information security  

Microsoft Academic Search

The management of digital identities, despite its potential to generate business value, creates significant engineering challenges for modern firms. In this paper, we first provide an architectural overview of identity and access management (IDAM) technologies along with an analysis of patenting activities to establish that the IDAM market segment dominates the information security sector. An empirical study, based on data

Lara Khansa; Divakaran Liginlal

2007-01-01

438

Timeline Interactive Multimedia Experience (TIME): On Location Access to Aggregate Event Information  

E-print Network

's desire or ability to follow a plan are also under-serviced by these official sources of event informationTimeline Interactive Multimedia Experience (TIME): On Location Access to Aggregate Event The University of Texas Austin, TX swati.pendyala@gmail.com ABSTRACT Attending a complex scheduled social event

Francisco-Revilla, Luis

439

The role of category accessibility in the interpretation of information about persons: Some determinants and implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many personality trait terms can be thought of as summary labels for broad conceptual categories that are used to encode information about an individual's behavior into memory. The likelihood that a behavior is encoded in terms of a particular trait category is postulated to be a function of the relative accessibility of that category in memory. In addition, the trait

Thomas K. Srull; Robert S. Wyer

1979-01-01

440

Distributed Joint Source-Channel Coding on a Multiple Access Channel with Side Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

We consider the problem of transmission of several discrete sources over a multiple access channel (MAC) with side information at the sources and the decoder. Source-channel separation does not hold for this channel. Sufficient conditions are provided for transmission of sources with a given distortion. The channel could have continuous alphabets (Gaussian MAC is a special case). Various previous results

R. Rajesh; Vinod Sharma

2008-01-01

441

Forthroid on Android: A QR-code based Information Access System for Smart Phones  

E-print Network

, such as museums, campuses, and metropolitan areas. The Forthroid uses QR-codes, which are two-dimensional barcodesForthroid on Android: A QR-code based Information Access System for Smart Phones Tasos Alexandridis related to physical objects. It employs computer-vision techniques and QR-codes. We have implemented

Papadopouli, Maria

442

Forthroid on Android: A QR-code based Information Access System for Smart Phones  

E-print Network

, and metropolitan areas. The Forthroid uses Quick Response codes (QR-codes), which are two-dimensional bar- codesForthroid on Android: A QR-code based Information Access System for Smart Phones Anastasios objects. It employs computer-vision techniques and Quick Response codes (QR-codes). We have implemented

Papadopouli, Maria

443

Agent-Based User and Task Modelling for Seamless Information Access via Personal Digital Assistants  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper describes a case study of how a combination of techniques, such as agent technologies, user, task and context modeling can be used to adapt a distributed application for mobile users with Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs) and support seamless connection and access to a centralized information system in areas of disconnection. In a domain where users have typical tasks

GOLHA SHARIFI; RALPH DETERS; JULITA VASSILEVA

444

A Unifying Framework for Flexible Information Access in Taxonomy-based Sources1  

E-print Network

A Unifying Framework for Flexible Information Access in Taxonomy-based Sources1 Yannis Tzitzikas2 spyratos@lri.fr Abstract. A taxonomy-based source consists of a taxonomy and a database storing objects that are indexed in terms of the taxonomy. For this kind of sources, we describe a flexible interaction scheme

Tzitzikas, Yannis

445

77 FR 68769 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Abt Associates, Inc.  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...contractor, Abt Associates, Inc. (Abt) of Cambridge, MA, to access information which has...contractor Abt of 55 Wheeler Street, Cambridge, MA is assisting the EPA in developing...Headquarters and Abt's Bethesda, MD and Cambridge, MA sites, in accordance with...

2012-11-16

446

Ensuring Equal Access to Information for People Who Are Blind or Visually Impaired.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Obstacles to full access to electronic information-based technology and assistive devices for people who are blind or visually impaired include: high costs and limited financial assistance sources for assistive technology, insufficient resources for providing instruction in the use of new technology, and developments such as the graphical user…

Augusto, C. R.; Schroeder, P. W.

1995-01-01

447

have access to a wealth of health information through a variety of  

E-print Network

have access to a wealth of health information through a variety of medical websites, forums, and disease-specific social networks. Patients also rely on support from friends and family outside of the healthcare system to assist in making health decisions. Typically, family caregivers help each other

Mankoff, Jennifer

448

Instant Access in Forensics: Issues Created by the Internet and Electronic Information Systems in Forensic Competition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although technology has created endless benefits for society, these benefits are accompanied by increased responsibilities and dangers. On-line research and the internet have completely altered the surface of forensics. Advantages of using the internet are the access to a wealth of information, which could constitute an equalizer for smaller…

Scott, Shannon

449

Web Accessibility Evaluation of Massive Open Online Courses on Geographical Information Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes some of the challenges that exist to make accessible massive open online courses (MOOCs) on Geographical Information Systems (GIS). These courses are known by the generic name of Geo-MOOCs. A MOOC is an online course that is open to the general public for free, which causes a massive registration. A GIS is a computer application that acquire,

Tania Calle-Jimenez; Sandra Sanchez-Gordon; Sergio Luján-Mora

2014-01-01

450

Women Empowerment through Access to Information: The Strategic Roles of Non-Governmental Organizations in Nigeria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the last few decades, there has been steady increasing awareness of the need to empower women in order to improve their socioeconomic status to be able to cope and also contribute effectively in this period of economic crisis. ATI (access to information) provision is a vital factor in empowerment, thus, many organizations, such as library,…

Oyelude, Adetoun A.; Bamigbola, Alice A.

2013-01-01

451

Information Technology Services Procedure Title: Departmental Copy Cards Procedure for Access,  

E-print Network

1 Information Technology Services Procedure Title: Departmental Copy Cards Procedure for Access Multifunctional (MFD) Cards. References: Policy 3500 ­ Policy on the Use of Computing Resources Policy 3505 Standard 09.1.0 Acceptable Use Standard Faculty Handbook ­ ODU ID Card Program Definitions: Copy Central

452

Conducting research using the emergency exception from informed consent: the Public Access Defibrillation (PAD) Trial experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The Public Access Defibrillation (PAD) Trial, a prospective, multicenter, randomized clinical trial comparing two prehospital resuscitation strategies, was conducted under the regulations for exception from informed consent (21CFR50.24) in 24 communities in North America. These regulations place additional requirements for human subject protection on investigators and Institutional Review Boards (IRBs), including conducting community consultation (CC) and public disclosure (PD).

Vincent N Mosesso; Lawrence H Brown; H. Leon Greene; Terri A Schmidt; Tom P Aufderheide; Michael R Sayre; Shannon W Stephens; Andrew Travers; Richard A Craven; Myron L Weisfeldt

2004-01-01

453

Enhancing Health Literacy through Accessing Health Information, Products, and Services: An Exercise for Children and Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The second National Health Education Standard states the importance of student demonstration of the ability to access valid health information and services. The teaching technique presented in this article provides an opportunity for children and adolescents to develop their health literacy and advocacy skills by contributing to a class resource…

Brey, Rebecca A.; Clark, Susan E.; Wantz, Molly S.

2007-01-01

454

TITLE: AUTHORIZATION TO DISCLOSE PATIENT INFORMATION PATIENT ACCESS USE AND DISCLOSURE OF MEDICAL  

E-print Network

TITLE: AUTHORIZATION TO DISCLOSE PATIENT INFORMATION PATIENT ACCESS ­ USE AND DISCLOSURE OF MEDICAL, an insurance company, to the patient or any other party as authorized by the patient. Protected Health to a patient; to researchers as authorized by the patient or an IRB approval; as required by law

Columbia University

455

Improving Information Access through Technology: A Plan for Louisiana's Public Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Strengthening technology in Louisiana's public libraries will support equitable and convenient access to electronic information resources for all citizens at library sites, in homes, and in business. The plan presented in this document is intended to enhance and expand technology in the state's public libraries. After discussion of the crucial…

Jaques, Thomas F.

456

Information-Seeking in Family Day Care: Access, Quality and Personal Cost  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Family day-care (FDC) educators work autonomously to provide care and education for children of mixed ages, backgrounds and abilities. To meet the demands and opportunities of their work and regulatory requirements, educators need access to context-relevant and high quality information. No previous research has examined how and where these workers…

Corr, L.; Davis, E.; Cook, K.; Mackinnon, A.; Sims, M.; Herrman, H.

2014-01-01

457

75 FR 1053 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Industrial Economics, Incorporated  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

EPA will authorize its contractor, Industrial Economics, Incorporated (IEc) to access Confidential Business Information (CBI) which has been submitted to EPA under the authority of all sections of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) of 1976, as amended. EPA has issued regulations that outline business confidentiality provisions for the Agency and require all EPA Offices that receive......

2010-01-08

458

75 FR 70235 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Industrial Economics, Incorporated  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

EPA will authorize its contractor, Industrial Economics, Incorporated (IEc) to access Confidential Business Information (CBI) which has been submitted to EPA under the authority of all sections of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) of 1976, as amended. EPA has issued regulations that outline business confidentiality provisions for the Agency and require all EPA Offices that receive......

2010-11-17

459

Overcoming Terminology Barrier Using Web Resources for Cross-Language Medical Information Retrieval  

PubMed Central

A number of authoritative medical websites, such as PubMed and MedlinePlus, provide consumers with the most up-to-date health information. However, non-English speakers often encounter not only language barriers (from other languages to English) but also terminology barriers (from laypersons’ terms to professional medical terms) when retrieving information from these websites. Our previous work addresses language barriers by developing a multilingual medical thesaurus, Chinese-English MeSH, while this study presents an approach to overcome terminology barriers based on Web resources. Two techniques were utilized in our approach: monolingual concept mapping using approximate string matching and crosslingual concept mapping using Web resources. The evaluation shows that our approach can significantly improve the performance on MeSH concept mapping and cross-language medical information retrieval. PMID:17238395

Lu, Wen-Hsiang; Lin, Ray Shih-Jui; Chan, Yi-Che; Chen, Kuan-Hsi

2006-01-01

460

Overcoming terminology barrier using Web resources for cross-language medical information retrieval.  

PubMed

A number of authoritative medical websites, such as PubMed and MedlinePlus, provide consumers with the most up-to-date health information. However, non-English speakers often encounter not only language barriers (from other languages to English) but also terminology barriers (from laypersons inverted exclamation mark| terms to professional medical terms) when retrieving information from these websites. Our previous work address language barriers by developing a multilingual medical thesaurus, Chinese-English MeSH, while this study presents an approach to overcome terminology barriers based on Web resources. Two techniques were utilized in our approach: monolingual concept mapping using approximate string matching and crosslingual concept mapping using Web resources. The evaluation shows that our approach can significantly improve the performance on MeSH concept mapping and cross-language medical information retrieval. PMID:17238395

Lu, Wen-Hsiang; Lin, Ray Shih-Jui; Chan, Yi-Che; Chen, Kuan-Hsi

2006-01-01

461

Semantic annotation for concept-based cross-language medical information retrieval.  

PubMed

We present a framework for concept-based cross-language information retrieval in the medical domain, which is under development in the MUCHMORE project. Our approach is based on using the Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) as the primary source of semantic data. Documents and queries are annotated with multiple layers of linguistic information. Linguistic processing includes part-of-speech tagging, morphological analysis, phrase recognition and the identification of medical terms and semantic relations between them. The paper describes experiments in monolingual and cross-language document retrieval, performed on a corpus of medical abstracts. Results show that linguistic processing, especially lemmatization and compound analysis for German, is a crucial step in achieving a good baseline performance. On the other hand, they show that semantic information, specifically the combined use of concepts and relations, increases the performance in monolingual and cross-language retrieval. PMID:12460635

Volk, Martin; Ripplinger, Bärbel; Vintar, Spela; Buitelaar, Paul; Raileanu, Diana; Sacaleanu, Bogdan

2002-12-01

462

Integrating the lightweight authentication protocol (LAP) with access control mechanisms in wireless health care information systems.  

PubMed

Health information networks are expected to support information exchange that is authentic, accurate, private and available when, where and to whom is needed. With the increase of the shared medical information and resources in healthcare wireless information systems, unauthorized access to the information by illegal users also increases. The security of the transmitted information is a vital issue. In this paper, we report on the development of the Lightweight Authentication Protocol (LAP), which makes a mobile and distributed system more secure and flexible and we implement it in a Health Care Environment where the clinicians use mobile and wireless devices like PDAs. We also provide an indicative example of integrating the LAP with access control mechanisms. Context-based Team Access Control (C-TMAC) model is used in this example, since it provides great flexibility on user-permissions management in collaborative healthcare environments. LAP is indeed capable to support efficiently the advanced authorization procedures of such demanding active security models. PMID:15460782

Chousiadis, C; Georgiadis, C K; Pangalos, G

2002-01-01

463

Design of a Modelling Language for Information System Security Risk Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract—Nowadays, security has become one of the most demanded characteristics of information systems. However, the ways to address information systems securitystill lack consensus and integration. On the one hand, researchers have extended various modelling languages and methods with security-oriented constructs in order to ,take security concerns into account throughout the development lifecycle. On the other hand, practitioners have developed risk

Nicolas Mayer; Patrick Heymans; Raimundas Matulevicius

2007-01-01

464

77 FR 70970 - Accessible Emergency Information, and Apparatus Requirements for Emergency Information and Video...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...regarding the provision of information about programming that is video described, including proposals...provide information about video described programming on their Web sites and to programming information distributors. These issues...

2012-11-28

465

29 CFR 37.40 - What access to sources of information must grant applicants and recipients provide the Director?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...INVESTMENT ACT OF 1998 (WIA) Recordkeeping and Other Affirmative Obligations of Recipients Data and Information Collection and Maintenance § 37.40 What access to sources of information must grant applicants and recipients...

2012-07-01

466

29 CFR 37.40 - What access to sources of information must grant applicants and recipients provide the Director?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...WORKFORCE INVESTMENT ACT OF 1998 (WIA) Recordkeeping and Other Affirmative Obligations of Recipients Data and Information Collection and Maintenance § 37.40 What access to sources of information must grant applicants and recipients...

2010-07-01

467

29 CFR 37.40 - What access to sources of information must grant applicants and recipients provide the Director?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...INVESTMENT ACT OF 1998 (WIA) Recordkeeping and Other Affirmative Obligations of Recipients Data and Information Collection and Maintenance § 37.40 What access to sources of information must grant applicants and recipients...

2013-07-01

468

29 CFR 37.40 - What access to sources of information must grant applicants and recipients provide the Director?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...INVESTMENT ACT OF 1998 (WIA) Recordkeeping and Other Affirmative Obligations of Recipients Data and Information Collection and Maintenance § 37.40 What access to sources of information must grant applicants and recipients...

2011-07-01

469

29 CFR 37.40 - What access to sources of information must grant applicants and recipients provide the Director?  

...WORKFORCE INVESTMENT ACT OF 1998 (WIA) Recordkeeping and Other Affirmative Obligations of Recipients Data and Information Collection and Maintenance § 37.40 What access to sources of information must grant applicants and recipients...

2014-07-01

470

The effect of ICTs on the accessibility of medical research Information by Medical Research Personnel in Zambia.  

E-print Network

??This study aimed at assessing the effects of information Communication Technologies(ICTs)on the accessibility of medical research information by medical research personnel in Zambia.It was an… (more)

Mwalimu, Chanda Edward

2010-01-01

471

Health Information on the Internet: Accessibility, Quality, and Readability in English and Spanish  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Published in the May 23/30, 2001 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), this detailed study conducted by the Rand Corporation and California HealthCare Foundation finds that the quality of health-care information available online is decidedly uneven. For the report, researchers consulted ten English-language and four Spanish-language search engines for information on four common health conditions: breast cancer, childhood asthma, depression, and obesity. Physicians also evaluated the quality of information provided by 25 major health Websites. Among the problems noted in the report are irrelevant search returns, incomplete or contradictory information, and blurring of the line between information and advertising. The full text of the article is available at the JAMA site.

Algazy, Jeffrey I.; Berland, Gretchen K.; Broder, Michael S.; Elliott, Marc N.; Kanouse, David E.; Kravitz, Richard L.

2001-01-01

472

76 FR 71018 - Access to Confidential Business Information by the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...EPA-HQ-OPPT-2003-0004; FRL-9327-5] Access to Confidential Business Information by the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission AGENCY: Environmental...may be claimed or determined to be Confidential Business Information (CBI). DATES: Access to the...

2011-11-16

473

Using geographic information system tools to improve access to MS specialty care in Veterans Health Administration.  

PubMed

Access to appropriate and timely healthcare is critical to the overall health and well-being of patients with chronic diseases. In this study, we used geographic information system (GIS) tools to map Veterans Health Administration (VHA) patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and their access to MS specialty care. We created six travel-time bands around VHA facilities with MS specialty care and calculated the number of VHA patients with MS who resided in each time band and the number of patients who lived more than 2 hours from the nearest specialty clinic in fiscal year 2007. We demonstrate the utility of using GIS tools in decision-making by providing three examples of how patients' access to care is affected when additional specialty clinics are added. The mapping technique used in this study provides a powerful and valuable tool for policy and planning personnel who are evaluating how to address underserved populations and areas within the VHA healthcare system. PMID:20848371

Culpepper, William J; Cowper-Ripley, Diane; Litt, Eric R; McDowell, Tzu-Yun; Hoffman, Paul M

2010-01-01

474

75 FR 27787 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Secondary audiences are information intermediaries including...that have access barriers to information including language, literacy, location, and culture...commenting on the proposed information collections please...

2010-05-18

475

75 FR 44969 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Secondary audiences are information intermediaries including...that have access barriers to information including language, literacy, location, and culture...recommendations for the proposed information collections must be...

2010-07-30

476

78 FR 31800 - Accessible Emergency Information, and Apparatus Requirements for Emergency Information and Video...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...contains emergency information via tablets, laptops, personal computers, smartphones, or...linear video programming via tablets, laptops, personal computers, smartphones, or...contains emergency information via tablets, laptops, personal computers, [[Page...

2013-05-24

477

Modelling accessibility using space-time prism concepts within geographical information systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The space-time Of time geographical framework is a powerful perspective from which to analyse human behaviour. One of the central concepts in this framework is the space-time prism, which models individual accessibility to an environment. In this paper, the derivation and manipulation of space-time prism concepts within a geographical information system (GIS) are discussed. The required system inputs and desired

HARVEY J. MILLER

1991-01-01

478

Autonomous Information Unit for Fine-Grain Data Access Control and Information Protection in a Net-Centric System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As communication and networking technologies advance, networks will become highly complex and heterogeneous, interconnecting different network domains. There is a need to provide user authentication and data protection in order to further facilitate critical mission operations, especially in the tactical and mission-critical net-centric networking environment. The Autonomous Information Unit (AIU) technology was designed to provide the fine-grain data access and user control in a net-centric system-testing environment to meet these objectives. The AIU is a fundamental capability designed to enable fine-grain data access and user control in the cross-domain networking environments, where an AIU is composed of the mission data, metadata, and policy. An AIU provides a mechanism to establish trust among deployed AIUs based on recombining shared secrets, authentication and verify users with a username, X.509 certificate, enclave information, and classification level. AIU achieves data protection through (1) splitting data into multiple information pieces using the Shamir's secret sharing algorithm, (2) encrypting each individual information piece using military-grade AES-256 encryption, and (3) randomizing the position of the encrypted data based on the unbiased and memory efficient in-place Fisher-Yates shuffle method. Therefore, it becomes virtually impossible for attackers to compromise data since attackers need to obtain all distributed information as well as the encryption key and the random seeds to properly arrange the data. In addition, since policy can be associated with data in the AIU, different user access and data control strategies can be included. The AIU technology can greatly enhance information assurance and security management in the bandwidth-limited and ad hoc net-centric environments. In addition, AIU technology can be applicable to general complex network domains and applications where distributed user authentication and data protection are necessary. AIU achieves fine-grain data access and user control, reducing the security risk significantly, simplifying the complexity of various security operations, and providing the high information assurance across different network domains.

Chow, Edward T.; Woo, Simon S.; James, Mark; Paloulian, George K.

2012-01-01

479

Accessing Suicide-Related Information on the Internet: A Retrospective Observational Study of Search Behavior  

PubMed Central

Background The Internet’s potential impact on suicide is of major public health interest as easy online access to pro-suicide information or specific suicide methods may increase suicide risk among vulnerable Internet users. Little is known, however, about users’ actual searching and browsing behaviors of online suicide-related information. Objective To investigate what webpages people actually clicked on after searching with suicide-related queries on a search engine and to examine what queries people used to get access to pro-suicide websites. Methods A retrospective observational study was done. We used a web search dataset released by America Online (AOL). The dataset was randomly sampled from all AOL subscribers’ web queries between March and May 2006 and generated by 657,000 service subscribers. Results We found 5526 search queries (0.026%, 5526/21,000,000) that included the keyword "suicide". The 5526 search queries included 1586 different search terms and were generated by 1625 unique subscribers (0.25%, 1625/657,000). Of these queries, 61.38% (3392/5526) were followed by users clicking on a search result. Of these 3392 queries, 1344 (39.62%) webpages were clicked on by 930 unique users but only 1314 of those webpages were accessible during the study period. Each clicked-through webpage was classified into 11 categories. The categories of the most visited webpages were: entertainment (30.13%; 396/1314), scientific information (18.31%; 240/1314), and community resources (14.53%; 191/1314). Among the 1314 accessed webpages, we could identify only two pro-suicide websites. We found that the search terms used to access these sites included “commiting suicide with a gas oven”, “hairless goat”, “pictures of murder by strangulation”, and “photo of a severe burn”. A limitation of our study is that the database may be dated and confined to mainly English webpages. Conclusions Searching or browsing suicide-related or pro-suicide webpages was uncommon, although a small group of users did access websites that contain detailed suicide method information. PMID:23305632

2013-01-01

480

Making the case to fund networked access to electronic information services.  

PubMed

The establishment of a local area network can greatly widen access to an organization's electronic information services, create improved conditions for staffing the delivery of these services and improve training and user support. Such a project is, however, expensive to fund. This article describes the approach taken at the Royal Free Hospital School of Medicine to secure funds for networking MEDLINE on hard disk and other information services. The importance of close collaboration between library and computer departments in planning and promoting a project of this nature is emphasized. PMID:10131561

Cox, J

1993-03-01

481

Moor: web access to end-to-end data flow information at ESO  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All ESO Science Operations teams operate on Observing Runs, loosely defined as blocks of observing time on a specific instrument. Observing Runs are submitted as part of an Observing Proposal and executed in Service or Visitor Mode. As an Observing Run progresses through its life-cycle, more and more information gets associated to it: Referee reports, feasibility and technical evaluations, constraints, pre-observation data, science and calibration frames, etc. The Manager of Observing Runs project (Moor) will develop a system to collect operational information in a database, offer integrated access to information stored in several independent databases, and allow HTML-based navigation over the whole information set. Some Moor services are also offered as extensions to, or complemented by, existing desktop applications.

Chavan, Alberto M.; Peron, Michčle; Anwunah, Judith; Canavan, Tim; Dorigo, Dario; Kornweibel, Nick; Sogni, Fabio

2004-09-01

482

Information Literacy for Speech-Language Pathologists: A Key to Evidence-Based Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: In this tutorial, we review the tenets of information literacy (IL) that parallel and intersect with new American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) certification standards requiring clinicians to engage in evidence-based practice (EBP). Method: A review of the literature on EBP in medical and allied health areas was conducted…

Nail-Chiwetalu, Barbara J.; Ratner, Nan Bernstein

2006-01-01

483

Conquering the Babel: Cross-Language Information Retrieval on the Web.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents abstracts of a session that discussed cross-language information retrieval (CLIR) on the World Wide Web. Topics include CLIR research in Chinese-English, German-English, and Japanese-English involving machine translation, semantic indexing, domain concepts, integrating new technologies, large-scale multilingual lexicons, and international…

Qin, Jian

2000-01-01

484

For the People...Citizenship Education and Naturalization Information. An English as a Second Language Text.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A textbook for English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) students presents lessons on U.S. citizenship education and naturalization information. The nine lessons cover the following topics: the U.S. system of government; the Bill of Rights; responsibilities and rights of citizens; voting; requirements for naturalization; the application process; the…

Short, Deborah J.; And Others

485

NLPIR: A Theoretical Framework for Applying Natural Language Processing to Information Retrieval.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proposes a theoretical framework called NLPIR that integrates natural language processing (NLP) into information retrieval (IR) based on the assumption that there exists representation distance between queries and documents. Discusses problems in traditional keyword-based IR, including relevance, and describes some existing NLP techniques.…

Zhou, Lina; Zhang, Dongsong

2003-01-01

486

An Evaluation of Help Mechanisms in Natural Language Information Retrieval Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluates the current state of natural language processing information retrieval systems from the user's point of view, focusing on the structure and components of the systems' help mechanisms. Topics include user/system interaction; semantic parsing; syntactic parsing; semantic mapping; and concept matching. (Author/LRW)

Kreymer, Oleg

2002-01-01

487

Effects of Term Segmentation on Chinese/English Cross-Language Information Retrieval  

E-print Network

Effects of Term Segmentation on Chinese/English Cross-Language Information Retrieval Douglas W texts lack boundaries between terms. This paper examines three Chinese segmentation techniques that failure to segment terms, particularly technical terms and names, can have a cascading effect that reduces

Oard, Doug

488

FASTUS: A Cascaded Finite-State Transducer for Extracting Information from Natural-Language Text  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract FASTUS is a system for extracting information from natural language text for entry into a database and for other applications. It works essentially as a cascaded, nondeterministic finite-state automaton. There are five stages in the operation of FASTUS. In Stage 1, names and other fixed form expressions are recognized. In Stage 2, basic noun groups, verb groups, and prepositions

Jerry R. Hobbs; Douglas E. Appelt; John Bear; David J. Israel; Megumi Kameyama; Mark E. Stickel; Mabry Tyson

1997-01-01

489

Journal of Logic, Language and Information, 1998 Book review: Maria Manzano: Extensions of  

E-print Network

Journal of Logic, Language and Information, 1998 Book review: Maria Manzano Maria Manzano's book is intended to be a textbook on various extensions of first order logic. It addresses second order logic, type theory, modal l* *ogic dynamic logic and many-sorted first order

Ohlbach, Hans JĂĽrgen

490

Made in America: An Informal History of the English Language in the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Claiming that understanding the social context in which words are formed is necessary to appreciate the richness and vitality of language, this book presents an informal, discursive examination of how and why American speech came to be the way it is, and in particular where the words came from. The book follows a roughly chronological format from…

Bryson, Bill

491

Manual for GLURP: A Computer Assisted Instruction Language. Information System for Vocational Decisions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

GLURP is a script-writing language constructed to suit the purposes of the Information System for Vocational Decisions (ISVD). Scripts tell the computer what to say and how to act; they allow the computer to interact with whoever is using the system. Teachers, counselors, etc. wishing to structure the learning of their students and clients need to…

Roman, Richard Allan

492

Querying across languages: a dictionary-based approach to multilingual information retrieval  

Microsoft Academic Search

The multilingual information retrieval system of the future will need to be able to retrieve documents across language boundaries. This extension of the classical IR problem is particularly challenging, ax significant resources are required to perform query translation. At Xerox, we are working to build a multilingual IR system and conducting a series of experiments to understand what factors are

David A. Hull; Gregory Grefenstette

1996-01-01

493

Progress and challenges: implementation and use of health information technology among critical-access hospitals.  

PubMed

Despite major national investments to support the adoption of health information technology (IT), concerns persist that barriers are inhibiting that adoption and the use of advanced health IT capabilities in rural areas in particular. Using a survey of Medicare-certified critical-access hospitals, we examined electronic health record (EHR) adoption, key EHR functionalities, telehealth, and teleradiology, as well as challenges to EHR adoption. In 2013, 89 percent of critical-access hospitals had implemented a full or partial EHR. Adoption of key EHR capabilities varied. Critical-access hospitals that had certain types of technical assistance and resources available to support health IT were more likely to have adopted health IT capabilities and less likely to report significant challenges to EHR implementation and use, compared to other hospitals in the survey. It is important to ensure that the necessary resources and support are available to critical-access hospitals, especially those that operate independently, to assist them in adopting health IT and becoming able to electronically link to the broader health care system. PMID:25006155

Gabriel, Meghan Hufstader; Jones, Emily B; Samy, Leila; King, Jennifer

2014-07-01

494

Access to a High Quality Education for English Language Learners. Information Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on teaching and learning indicates that all students should be provided with programs, services, and teachers that engage them in rigorous academic work and promote deep disciplinary knowledge and higher order thinking skills (Walqui, 2006; Sanders & Rivers, 1996). Despite research findings on the importance of high quality teachers and…

Mid-Atlantic Equity Center, 2009

2009-01-01

495

Academic Achievement through FLES: A Case for Promoting Greater Access to Foreign Language Study among Young Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 established foreign languages as a core curricular content area; however, instructional emphasis continues to be placed on curricular areas that factor into state educational accountability programs. The present study explored whether foreign language study of first-year Grade 3 foreign language students who…

Taylor, Carolyn; Lafayette, Robert

2010-01-01

496

[Are deaf patients in Germany informed about their legal rights for a sign language interpreter?].  

PubMed

Deaf citizens are confronted with barriers in a health-care system shaped by hearing people. Therefore the German legislature provides a supply with sign language interpreters at the expense of the health insurances. The present study initially examines in how far the deaf are informed about this and use said interpreters. Traditional surveys are based on spoken and written language and therefore are unsuitable for the target audience. Because of this, a cross-sectional online study was performed using sign language videos and visually oriented answers to allow a barrier-free participation. With a multivariate analysis, factors increasing deaf people's risks not to be informed of the supply with interpreters were identified: Of 841 deaf participants, 31.4% were not informed of their rights. 41.3% have experience with an interpreter at the doctor's and report a mainly trouble-free reimbursement of costs. Young and modestly educated deaf have a higher risk of not being informed of the interpreter supply. Further information is necessary to provide equality of opportunities to deaf patients utilising medical benefits. PMID:22275064

Höcker, J T; Letzel, S; Münster, E

2012-12-01

497

High self-monitors' cognitive access to self-presentation-related information.  

PubMed

We examined whether high self-monitors cognitively process self-presentation-related information and concepts more readily than low self-monitors. Results across three studies indicate that compared to low self-monitors, high self-monitors have greater cognitive access to self-presentation-related information and concepts. High self-monitors produced more words related to self-presentation in a shorter amount of time (Study 1) and in a cognitive load condition (Study 2). In both studies, the number of words did not differ when participants took longer to create their list and when they were in a no cognitive load condition. In Study 3, high (vs. low) self-monitors showed faster reaction time to self-presentation-related concepts. In contrast, reaction time to non-self-presentation items did not differ. The findings contribute to both the theory and knowledge of self-monitoring by demonstrating that information processing related to self-presentational concepts is an important component of self-monitoring, in that such information is more cognitively accessible to high self-monitors. PMID:25266985

Tyler, James M; McIntyre, Miranda M; Graziano, William G; Sands, Kaleigh J

2014-09-30

498

75 FR 35451 - Access by EPA Contractors To Information Claimed as Confidential Business Information (CBI...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...contract and any further extensions without further notice. Under Contract Number EP10H000097, Computer Science Corporation (CSC), 15000 Conference Center Drive, Chantilly, Virginia 20151-3808, provides technical and information technology...

2010-06-22

499

AWARE: FACILITATING INFORMED CONSUMER PURCHASING DECISIONS THROUGH POINT-OF-SALE ACCESS TO PRODUCT SUSTAINABILITY INFORMATION  

EPA Science Inventory

There is a fundamental challenge to sustainability in designing an appropriate, practical, and flexible information system through which consumers can obtain and consider relevant environmental ramifications of the goods they purchase every day. Hence, the Aware concept is pr...

500

How Do Adolescents Access Health Information? And Do They Ask Their Physicians?  

PubMed Central

Objective: To improve understanding about how high school students use electronic tools to obtain health information and how this information affects their behavior. Design/Methods: Using a cross-sectional design, we administered an anonymous survey to high school students in grades 9 through 12 at a single private Catholic high school, inquiring about their use of electronic tools to obtain health information, topics of interest, sources used to obtain information, and modifications in their behavior based on that information. Descriptive statistics and multivariate analysis of variance were used to compare trends across grade levels. Results: Of 705 students enrolled, 24.7% were either absent or chose not to participate in the survey. Of the remaining 531 students, 497 completed the surveys, for a response rate of 70.5% (497 of 705) and a participation rate of 93.6% (497 of 531). All students were comfortable using the Internet, and >90% used it at home and in school. Access to broadband applications averaged 95% at home and 80% at school. A significant proportion (0.66; p < 0.0001) of students reported that they trusted the information found online, and 22% (not significant) modified their behavior on the basis of the information they found. Forty-two percent searched for general health information, and 43% investigated specific medical conditions or disease states. Topics related to skin were researched significantly more than nutrition, birth control, and sexually transmitted diseases. Although a significant number of students (p < 0.05) reported conducting e-mail conversations related to health topics with their teachers, <5% had e-mail communications with physicians. Conclusions: These data indicate that most high school students used the Internet and broadband applications at school and at home as resources for health care information. A significant number of students trusted the online information, and at nearly one-quarter subsequently modified their behavior. Students conducted e-mail conversations with teachers about health-related topics, but few students used this tool to communicate with their physicians. This information raises questions about design and implementation of strategies to provide adolescents access to appropriate health care information, including that provided by physicians. PMID:22529757

Ettel, George; Nathanson, Ian; Ettel, Donna; Wilson, Christine; Meola, Paul

2012-01-01