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1

Building a Natural Language Hindi Speech Interface to Access Market Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is a well known fact that majority of rural India earns its livelihood from agriculture and farming. Although India is a net exporter of various agricultural products, the farmer who happens to be the primary producer, has remained information poor which puts him at a disadvantage. With little or no knowledge of prices at the markets, farmers have no

Ahmed Imran; Sunil Kumar Kopparapu

2011-01-01

2

Natural Language Access to Medical Text *  

PubMed Central

This paper describes research on the development of a methodology for representing the information in texts and of procedures for relating the linguistic structure of a request to the corresponding representations. The work is being done in the context of a prototype system that will allow physicians and other health professionals to access information in a computerized textbook of hepatitis through natural language dialogues. The interpretation of natural language queries is derived from DIAMOND/DIAGRAM, a linguistically motivated, domain-independent natural language interface developed at SRI. A text access component is being developed that uses representations of the propositional content of text passages and of the hierarchical structure of the text as a whole to retrieve relevant information.

Walker, Donald E.; Hobbs, Jerry R.

1981-01-01

3

Information Access Router for Integrated Information Access System Koji Murakami  

E-print Network

Information Access Router for Integrated Information Access System Koji Murakami Department System (IIAS) that accepts diverse kinds of questions and provides the requested information in the most suit- able format for the information need. We designed a set of 18 Information Access Types

4

Self-Access and the Adult Language Learner.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The immediate stimulus for this collection of papers was a conference, Self-Access and the Adult Language Learner, organized by the Centre for Information on Language Teaching and Research (CILT) and the Language Centre of the University of Cambridge in December 1992 at Queen's College, Cambridge. Several 1-day conferences on the same theme were…

Esch, Edith, Ed.

5

Accessing Space Weather Information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To meet the needs of our technology based society, space weather forecasting needs to be advanced and this will entail collaboration amongst research, military and commercial communities to find new ways to understand, characterize, and forecast. In this presentation VITMO, the Virtual Ionosphere-Thermosphere-Mesosphere Observatory will be used as a prototype for a generalized system as a means to bring together a set of tools to access data, models and online collaboration tools to enable rapid progress. VITMO, available at http://vitmo.jhuapl.edu/, currently provides a data access portal for researchers and scientists to enable finding data products as well as access to tools and models. To further the needs of space weather forecasters, the existing VITMO data holdings need to be expanded to provide additional datasets as well as integrating relevant models and model output. VITMO can easily be adapted for the Space Weather domain in its entirety. In this presentation, we will demonstrate how VITMO and the VITMO architecture can be utilized as a prototype in support of integration of Space Weather forecasting tools, models and data.

Morrison, D.; Weiss, M.; Immer, E. A.; Patrone, D.; Potter, M.; Barnes, R. J.; Colclough, C.; Holder, R.

2009-12-01

6

Subject Access to Your Information  

E-print Network

Subject Access to Your Information Sandy Tucker Texas A&M University Libraries August 1, 2006 Second International Symposium on Transportation Technology Transfer Introduction You have packages ? books, pamphlets, files, electronic documents. You..., such as the Transportation Research Thesaurus, may be helpful. Longer list will help describe your packages in more specific ways. Subject Access to Other Kinds of Information People ? Expertise Groups of People Projects Equipment, Facilities Use the same set of subject...

Tucker, Sandra

2006-08-01

7

A Card Requirements Language Enabling Privacy-Preserving Access Control  

E-print Network

A Card Requirements Language Enabling Privacy-Preserving Access Control Jan Camenisch, Sebastian M,smo,nev,frp,dso}@zurich.ibm.com January 2010 Abstract We address the problem of privacy-preserving access control in distributed systems language that allows for expressing access control requirements in a privacy-preserving way. Our language

Mödersheim, Sebastian

8

Enterprise wide transparent information access  

SciTech Connect

The information management needs of the Department of Energy (DOE) represents a fertile domain for the development of highly sophisticated yet intuitive enterprise-wide computing solutions. These solutions must support business operations, research agendas, technology development efforts, decision support, and other application areas with a user base ranging from technical staff to the highest levels of management. One area of primary interest is in the Environmental Restoration and Waste Management Branch of DOE. In this arena, the issue of tracking and managing nuclear waste related to the long legacy of prior defense production and research programs is one of high visibility and great concern. The Tank Waste Information Network System (TWINS) application has been created by the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) for the DOE to assist in managing and accessing the information related to this mission. The TWINS solution addresses many of the technical issues faced by other efforts to provide integrated information access to a wide variety of stakeholders. TWINS provides secure transparent access to distributed heterogeneous multimedia information sources from around the DOE complex. The users interact with the information through a consistent user interface that presents the desired data in a common format regardless of the structure of the source information. The solutions developed by the TWINS project represent an integration of several technologies and products that can be applied to other mission areas within DOE and other government agencies. These solutions are now being applied to public and private sector problem domains as well. The successful integration and inter-operation of both commercial and custom modules into a flexible and extensible information architecture will help ensure that new problems facing DOE and other clients can be addressed more rapidly in the future by re-use of existing tools and techniques proven viable through the TWINS efforts.

Brown, J.

1995-05-01

9

Generalizing Access Control in Class-Based Languages  

Microsoft Academic Search

Class-based languages, such as Java and C#, implement encapsulation via access modifiers on classes, fields and methods. These modifiers can be viewed as a form of access control, where the principals are units of code. Each language supports a fixed set of these modifiers (e.g. public, class-private, package-private, protected in Java) making the access control policy fixed. For more dynamic

Steve Rogers

10

CACI: Children Accessing Controversial Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

CACI: Children Accessing Controversial Information through computer networks mailing list has now moved from media.mit.edu to cygnus.com. Here's the updated list description: A lot of kids are getting online these days--sharing data about acid rain, talking about social issues, meeting adults as well as kids, and learning about other cultures. Computer networks hold tremendous promise, but also raise difficult issues which need to be discussed openly. Unfortunately, much of the publicity related to these issues has only dealt with potential dangers--and it has not encouraged reflection on solutions. Can children be prevented from accessing materials which are controversial? Is preventing access even desirable? We believe censorship is not the answer. What alternatives do we have or could we provide? How do we talk with children about these issues? What can we say to concerned parents and school administrators? How and by whom are community standards set? The stakes are clear: if we don't find ways to manage these difficult issues, parents and school administrators may choose to deny children access to networking in an attempt to protect them. And prohibitions against undirected exploration through networking could prevent many of the benefits which the technology could support. We hope to form a community of people interested in discussing these issues and developing helpful materials. send email to: caci-request@cygnus.com in the body of the message type: subscribe to unsubscribe, type: unsubscribe If you have difficulty, write to caci-owner@cygnus.com This announcement as well as additional information may be found at

1997-01-01

11

Natural language processing information retrieval  

E-print Network

Natural language processing for information retrieval David D. Lewis AT&T Bell Laboratories Karen with `end' text. We will however use information retrieval (IR), sometimes taken to mean document retrieval the essential properties of document retrieval and reviews both conventional practice and research findings

Haddadi, Hamed

12

Integrated Information Support System (IISS). Volume 5. Common Data Model Subsystem. Part 16. NDML (Neutral Data Manipulation Language) Precompiler Select Internal Schema Access Path Product Specification.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document is the product specification establishing the design implementation of the IISS Configuration Item PRES which will determine a navigational access path through a network database to satisfy a neutral data request. This specification establis...

D. B. Thompson, M. L. Apicella

1985-01-01

13

Access to Sign Language Interpreters in the Criminal Justice System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study surveyed 46 professional sign language interpreters working in criminal justice settings and evaluated 22 cases to evaluate access issues for individuals with hearing impairments. Recommendations to increase the accessibility of interpreting services included providing ongoing awareness training to criminal justice personnel and…

Miller, Katrina R.

2001-01-01

14

Following is a collection of web links that provide information on Microsoft Access, Structured Query Language (SQL), and databases in general. This list does not serve as an endorsement of  

E-print Network

://databases.about.com/cs/tutorials/ #12;Microsoft Access Related Books A list of Microsoft Access related books found on Amazon.com. http http://www.w3schools.com/sql/default.asp "SQL is a standard computer language for accessing database administrators alike!" #12;SQL Related Books on Amazon.com A list of SQL related books found

15

Local Language Program The Microsoft Local Language Program provides people access to technology  

E-print Network

Local Language Program The Microsoft Local Language Program provides people access to technology to technology through language and culture as well as empowers individuals in local communities to create economic opportunities, build IT skills, enhance education outcomes, and sustain their local language

Narasayya, Vivek

16

Menelas: Coding and Information Retrieval from Natural Language  

E-print Network

Menelas: Coding and Information Retrieval from Natural Language Patient Discharge Summaries Pierre@biomath.jussieu.fr Abstract. The overall goal of Menelas is to provide better access to the information contained in natural bases and systems for processing natural language patient discharge summaries. It has also produced

Zweigenbaum, Pierre

17

PennAccess: Levine Hall Entrance Information  

E-print Network

PennAccess: Levine Hall Entrance Information: 200 South 33rd Street . Philadelphia . PA . 19104 1. Levine Hall is accessible through the main entrance on Walnut Street. There is a hallway which leads. 3. Levine Hall may also be accessed through the Skirkanich Hall entry off 33rd Street. Elevator

Plotkin, Joshua B.

18

Public-Access Information System Terminal.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The invention relates generally to information retrieval systems, and is particularly concerned with a computer-linked remote terminal unit for providing public access to electronically stored route and schedule information at airports, bus terminals, rai...

L. Frenkel, M. Gorstein

1980-01-01

19

Natural-language access to databases-theoretical/technical issues  

SciTech Connect

Although there have been many experimental systems for natural-language access to databases, with some now going into actual use, many problems in this area remain to be solved. The author presents descriptions of five problem areas that seem to me not to be adequately handled by any existing system.

Moore, R.C.

1982-01-01

20

Hermes: Natural Language Access to a Medical Database  

E-print Network

between mortals and gods. The cadecus is widely used as a symbol for the medical profession. Hermes usesHermes: Natural Language Access to a Medical Database Carlos B. Rivera and Nick Cercone Technical interface is named Hermes, in recognition of his ability as a messenger and his sta , the cadecus

Regina, University of

21

Hermes: Natural Language Access to a Medical Database  

E-print Network

between mortals and gods. The cadecus is widely used as a symbol for the medical profession. Hermes usesHermes: Natural Language Access to a Medical Database Carlos B. Rivera and Nick Cercone Technical interface is named Hermes, in recognition of his ability as a messenger and his staff, the cadecus

Regina, University of

22

Access to Meaning/Spoken and Written Language.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to explore the ways language functions to help children gain access to meaning as they progress through the educational system, this journal issue views communication as a social, interactive process in which speakers and writers attempt to link into what listeners and readers know, want to know, or need to know. The 12 articles in the…

Pinnell, Gay Su, Ed.; King, Martha L., Ed.

1984-01-01

23

Accessing Electronic Information: A Question of Ethics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This exploration of ethical conflicts created by information technology and their impacts on teachers, scholars, and students begins by discussing the issue of fairness or ethics, with emphasis on what is fair or ethical in obtaining access to electronic information. Technological barriers involved in obtaining access to desired electronic…

Ashmore, Timothy M.

24

Information Access and Privacy Protection Office  

E-print Network

Information Access and Privacy Protection Office I A P P Guidelines for Using Personal Information in Email and Faxes Memorial University employees are required to protect personal information (defined personal information ­ your own or someone else's. Email and faxes, in particular, pose challenges

deYoung, Brad

25

IMPROVING ACCESS TO INFORMATION ABOUT ORD PROJECTS  

EPA Science Inventory

ORD project information is maintained in, and retrieved from, multiple systems and home pages. Not all sources of project information are Intranet accessible. Descriptive information may be abbreviated and not useful in conveying a comprehensive understanding of a project. The m...

26

Open Access to essential health care information.  

PubMed

Open Access publishing is a valuable resource for the synthesis and distribution of essential health care information. This article discusses the potential benefits of Open Access, specifically in terms of Low and Middle Income (LAMI) countries in which there is currently a lack of informed health care providers - mainly a consequence of poor availability to information. We propose that without copyright restrictions, Open Access facilitates distribution of the most relevant research and health care information. Furthermore, we suggest that the technology and infrastructure that has been put in place for Open Access could be used to publish download-able manuals, guides or basic handbooks created by healthcare providers in LAMI countries. PMID:15575959

Stokes, Christabel E L; Pandey, Manoj

2004-01-01

27

Uncovering Information: Subject Access to Information in Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 16 articles in this theme issue focus on ways in which libraries provide subject access to their collections in a fast-changing technological environment: (1) "Uncovering Information" (Neal K. Kaske and Peter Paulson); (2) "The New York State Library's Evolving Public Access Catalog" (Alexandria Wolff and Jean Hargrave); (3) "Online Access to…

The Bookmark, 1989

1989-01-01

28

Educational Audiologists: Their Access, Benefit, and Collaborative Assistance to Speech-Language Pathologists in Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The main goals of this study were to determine if school-based speech-language pathologists (SLPs) have access to the services of an audiologist and if those SLPs felt they obtained benefit from the audiologist's services. Additional goals included gathering information about SLPs' (a) understanding of basic audiological concepts typical…

Richburg, Cynthia McCormick; Knickelbein, Becky A.

2011-01-01

29

Uniform Language Resource Access and Distribution in the Context of GATE --a  

E-print Network

resources often requires substantial programming overhead and detailed knowledge of the structure and natureUniform Language Resource Access and Distribution in the Context of GATE -- a General Architecture of resource­specific information. Each resource has its own representation syntax and covers a particular

Maynard, Diana

30

Accessing complexity from genome information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper studies the information content of the chromosomes of 24 species. In a first phase, a scheme inspired in dynamical system state space representation is developed. For each chromosome the state space dynamical evolution is shed into a two dimensional chart. The plots are then analyzed and characterized in the perspective of fractal dimension. This information is integrated in two measures of the species' complexity addressing its average and variability. The results are in close accordance with phylogenetics pointing quantitative aspects of the species' genomic complexity.

Tenreiro Machado, J. A.

2012-06-01

31

Lexical access in sign language: a computational model  

PubMed Central

Psycholinguistic theories have predominantly been built upon data from spoken language, which leaves open the question: How many of the conclusions truly reflect language-general principles as opposed to modality-specific ones? We take a step toward answering this question in the domain of lexical access in recognition by asking whether a single cognitive architecture might explain diverse behavioral patterns in signed and spoken language. Chen and Mirman (2012) presented a computational model of word processing that unified opposite effects of neighborhood density in speech production, perception, and written word recognition. Neighborhood density effects in sign language also vary depending on whether the neighbors share the same handshape or location. We present a spreading activation architecture that borrows the principles proposed by Chen and Mirman (2012), and show that if this architecture is elaborated to incorporate relatively minor facts about either (1) the time course of sign perception or (2) the frequency of sub-lexical units in sign languages, it produces data that match the experimental findings from sign languages. This work serves as a proof of concept that a single cognitive architecture could underlie both sign and word recognition. PMID:24860539

Caselli, Naomi K.; Cohen-Goldberg, Ariel M.

2014-01-01

32

NASA access mechanism: Graphical user interface information retrieval system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Access to online information sources of aerospace, scientific, and engineering data, a mission focus for NASA's Scientific and Technical Information Program, has always been limited to factors such as telecommunications, query language syntax, lack of standardization in the information, and the lack of adequate tools to assist in searching. Today, the NASA STI Program's NASA Access Mechanism (NAM) prototype offers a solution to these problems by providing the user with a set of tools that provide a graphical interface to remote, heterogeneous, and distributed information in a manner adaptable to both casual and expert users. Additionally, the NAM provides access to many Internet-based services such as Electronic Mail, the Wide Area Information Servers system, Peer Locating tools, and electronic bulletin boards.

Hunter, Judy; Generous, Curtis; Duncan, Denise

1993-01-01

33

NASA Access Mechanism - Graphical user interface information retrieval system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Access to online information sources of aerospace, scientific, and engineering data, a mission focus for NASA's Scientific and Technical Information Program, has always been limited by factors such as telecommunications, query language syntax, lack of standardization in the information, and the lack of adequate tools to assist in searching. Today, the NASA STI Program's NASA Access Mechanism (NAM) prototype offers a solution to these problems by providing the user with a set of tools that provide a graphical interface to remote, heterogeneous, and distributed information in a manner adaptable to both casual and expert users. Additionally, the NAM provides access to many Internet-based services such as Electronic Mail, the Wide Area Information Servers system, Peer Locating tools, and electronic bulletin boards.

Hunter, Judy F.; Generous, Curtis; Duncan, Denise

1993-01-01

34

The harvest information discovery and access system  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT Itis increasingly difficult to make effective use of Internet information, given the rapid growth in data volume, user base, and data diversity. In this paper we introduce Harvest, a system that provides a scalable, customizable architecture for gathering, indexing, caching, replicating, and accessing Internet information.

C. M. Bowman

1994-01-01

35

The Harvest Information Discovery and Access System  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is increasingly difficult to make effective use of Internet information, given the rapid growth in data volume, user base, and data diversity. In this paper we introduce Harvest, a sys- tem that provides a scalable, customizable architecture for gathering, indexing, caching, replicat- ing, and accessing Internet information.

C. Mic Bowman; Peter B. Danzig; Darren R. Hardy; Udi Manber; Michael F. Schwartz

1995-01-01

36

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

37

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

38

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 22.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

39

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

40

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 20.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

ACCESS is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

41

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

42

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1,000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

43

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Access" is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

44

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

45

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

46

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

47

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

48

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 17.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

ACCESS is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

49

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 21 .  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

50

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 18.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

51

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 19.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

ACCESS is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

52

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

53

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 20.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

54

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

ACCESS is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

55

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 21.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

ACCESS is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

56

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 16.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service covering published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

57

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service covering published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

58

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

59

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

60

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 19.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

61

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

62

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 15.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service covering published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

63

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Access" is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

64

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 18.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

ACCESS is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

65

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 11.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Access" is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

66

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

67

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

68

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

69

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Number 17.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

70

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Number 12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

ACCESS is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

71

Information Access Challenges in the Blogspace  

Microsoft Academic Search

This position paper discusses the blogging phe- nomenon from an information access point of view. We examine blogs as a source of knowledge, analyzing the properties which make them unique as a data collection. We outline information analysis tasks aimed at blogs, and discuss how the properties of blogs are used in this context; finally, we point out some of

Gilad Mishne

72

English Language Learners' Access to and Attainment in Postsecondary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although English language learners (ELLs) are currently the fastest-growing group among the school-age population in the United States, there is surprisingly little information on their participation in postsecondary education. Using the National Education Longitudinal Study of 1988 (NELS:88), a nationally representative sample of eighth graders…

Kanno, Yasuko; Cromley, Jennifer G.

2013-01-01

73

Applying Light Natural Language Processing to Ad-Hoc Cross Language Information Retrieval  

E-print Network

Lioma,C. Macdonald,C. Plachouras,V. He,B. Ounis,I. In Accessing Multilingual Information Repositories: 6th Cross-Language Evaluation Forum, CLEF 2005, Vienna, Austria, Revised Selected Papers. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol. 4022 LNCS, Springer

Lioma, C.

74

Examining Language of Information Books for Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, inclusion of information books in early childhood centers is well-advised since children show fast developing knowledge of information book language and enjoy reading those books. The aim of the current study is to discuss features of information books' language by examining the illustrations and texts of randomly selected 15…

Inan, Hatice Zeynep

2010-01-01

75

Flexibility in embodied language processing: context effects in lexical access.  

PubMed

According to embodied theories of language (ETLs), word meaning relies on sensorimotor brain areas, generally dedicated to acting and perceiving in the real world. More specifically, words denoting actions are postulated to make use of neural motor areas, while words denoting visual properties draw on the resources of visual brain areas. Therefore, there is a direct correspondence between word meaning and the experience a listener has had with a word's referent on the brain level. Behavioral and neuroimaging studies have provided evidence in favor of ETLs; however, recent studies have also shown that sensorimotor information is recruited in a flexible manner during language comprehension (e.g., Raposo et al.; Van Dam et al.,), leaving open the question as to what level of language processing sensorimotor activations contribute. In this study, we investigated the time course of modality-specific contributions (i.e., the contribution of action information) as to word processing by manipulating both (a) the linguistic and (b) the action context in which target words were presented. Our results demonstrate that processes reflecting sensorimotor information play a role early in word processing (i.e., within 200 ms of word presentation), but that they are sensitive to the linguistic context in which a word is presented. In other words, when sensorimotor information is activated, it is activated quickly; however, specific words do not reliably activate a consistent sensorimotor pattern. PMID:25060917

van Dam, Wessel O; Brazil, Inti A; Bekkering, Harold; Rueschemeyer, Shirley-Ann

2014-07-01

76

Continued Access to Syntactic Information in Reading  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reliable access to syntactic information beyond its use in first-pass reading was probed using a task labeled "syntactic reading task." This task draws on an orthographic marker for syntactic structure, the capitalization of nouns in German. Subjects read written text strings containing a unit that could be taken as a noun or as a verb. The…

Funke, Reinold; Sieger, Jasmin

2012-01-01

77

Information for students Access to Birmingham  

E-print Network

of the A2B Module. For Medicine and Dentistry applicants the selection process through A2B also includes special consideration over GSCE achievement. A2B applicants applying for Medicine, Dentistry, PharmacyInformation for students Access to Birmingham: the A2B scheme e: a2b@contacts.bham.ac.uk w: www

Birmingham, University of

78

Research Investigation of Information Access Methods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the satisfaction of library users at Wayne State University who utilize alternative information access methods. The LibQUAL+[TM] desired and perceived that satisfaction ratings are used to determine the user's "superiority gap." By focusing limited library resources to address "superiority gap" issues identified by each…

Heinrichs, John H.; Sharkey, Thomas W.; Lim, Jeen-Su

2006-01-01

79

An Information-based Cross-Language Information Retrieval Model  

E-print Network

An Information-based Cross-Language Information Retrieval Model Bo Li and Eric Gaussier Universit in the information-based family for information retrieval, namely the LL (log-logistic) and SPL (smoothed power law, yielding the best performance overall. 1 Introduction Cross-Language Information Retrieval (CLIR

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

80

Language Detection for Music Information Retrieval  

E-print Network

Language Detection for Music Information Retrieval Vikramjit Mitra, Daniel Garcia-Romero and Carol Genres Chinese Genres Instrumental Genres Genre detector Instrumental Vocals Cascade architecture for language dependent Genre detection Example of a possible Information Retrieval based Audio-browser · Since

Shapiro, Benjamin

81

7 CFR 3402.22 - Access to peer review information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Access to peer review information. 3402.22 Section... FOOD AND AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES NATIONAL NEEDS GRADUATE...PROGRAM Supplementary Information § 3402.22 Access to peer review information. After final...

2010-01-01

82

1 CFR 456.4 - Public access to information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Public access to information. 456.4 Section 456.4 General...CAPITAL PLANNING COMMISSION (FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT REGULATIONS) § 456.4 Public access to information. (a) General policy. It...

2011-01-01

83

18 CFR 388.113 - Accessing critical energy infrastructure information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Accessing critical energy infrastructure information. 388.113 Section 388.113...OF ENERGY PROCEDURAL RULES INFORMATION AND REQUESTS § 388.113 Accessing critical energy infrastructure information. (a) Scope. This...

2010-04-01

84

1 CFR 456.4 - Public access to information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Public access to information. 456.4 Section 456.4 General...CAPITAL PLANNING COMMISSION (FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT REGULATIONS) § 456.4 Public access to information. (a) General policy. It...

2010-01-01

85

South Florida Information Access: Virtual Tour  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Southern Florida contains some of the most unique landscape and biology in the US. The US Geological Society and Southern Florida Information Access (SOFIA) maintains the South Florida Virtual Tour in hopes of sharing the beauty of the area and promoting its protection. Visitors can tour sixteen areas (e.g., the Everglades and the Florida Keys); view images (still and 360 degree), illustrations, and maps; and read simple but informative descriptions about the landscape and biota. The site is easy to navigate and enjoyable to explore.

86

Facilitating consumer access to health information.  

PubMed

The lead paper from Zelmer and Hagens details the substantive evolution occurring in health information technologies that has the potential to transform the relationship between consumers, health practitioners and health systems. In this commentary, the authors suggest that Canada is experiencing a shift in consumer behaviour toward a desire to actively manage one's health and wellness that is being facilitated through the advent of health applications on mobile and online technologies platforms. The result is that Canadians are now able to create personalized health solutions based on their individual health values and goals. However, before Canadians are able to derive a personal health benefit from these rapid changes in information technology, they require and are increasingly demanding greater real-time access to their own health information to better inform decision-making, as well as interoperability between their personal health tracking systems and those of their health practitioner team. PMID:25148122

Snowdon, Anne; Schnarr, Karin; Alessi, Charles

2014-01-01

87

Information Retrieval and the Philosophy of Language.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides an overview of some of the main ideas in the philosophy of language that have relevance to the issues of information retrieval, focusing on the description of the intellectual content. Highlights include retrieval problems; recall and precision; words and meanings; context; externalism and the philosophy of language; and scaffolding and…

Blair, David C.

2003-01-01

88

A general language model for information retrieval  

Microsoft Academic Search

Statistical language modeling has been successfully used for speech recognition, part-of-speech tagging, and syntactic parsing. Recently, it has also been applied to information retrieval. According to this new paradigm, each document is viewed as a language sample, and a query as a generation process. The retrieved documents are ranked based on the probabilities of producing a query from the corresponding

Fei Song; W. Bruce Croft

1999-01-01

89

Geography Network: Access a World of Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Geography Network is a global community of governmental and commercial data providers who are committed to making geographic content easily accessible. The site provides an extensive collection of maps, searchable by theme (shaded relief, streets, population, rivers, etc.) or geographic area (continents, countries, or U.S. states). It also offers access to a large collection of geographic data, intended for use with geographic information system (GIS) software tools. The Solutions section provides a platform for developers to build custom applications, using Geography Network content, including map services and tools. Solutions currently featured are driving directions and demographic mapping. The Community page offers a discussion forum as well as a map exchange, enabling users to find and share map images with one another.

90

Computers in the Teaching of English as a Foreign Language: Access to the Diversity of Textual Genres and Language Skills  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the area of language teaching both language skills and textual genres can be worked with simultaneously (thus responding to the Brazilian Curricular Parameters and to the trends in contemporary education, which emphasize contextualized teaching) by means of computers. Computers can make the teaching process dynamic and rich, since they enable the access to the foreign language through virtual environments, which creates a larger number of learning contexts, with all their specific vocabulary and linguistic features in real communication. This study focuses on possible applications of this kind of approach. The computer online is a resource of diverse textual genres and can be an important tool in the language classroom as well as an access to authentic material produced in contextualized practice close to real-life communication. On the other hand, all these materials must be appropriately used without ever worshipping the technology as if it were a miraculous solution. After all, the professional pedagogic skills of the teacher should never be forgotten or taken for granted. In this study, a series of interviews with teachers was carried out - both with Brazilian teachers of the public sector (basic education) and language institutes (private English courses) as well as teacher trainers (university professors), in order to verify if the teachers were prepared to work with informatics in teaching practices, and check the professionals’ views on the subject. The ideas of Maingueneau and Marcuschi about textual genres are a theoretical base in this work, besides the concept of cognitive economy. The text and its typology are focused here as the basic material for teaching English, through digital technologies and hypermedia. The study is also based on Sharma and Barrett’s notion of blended learning as a balanced combination of technological resources and traditional practices in the classroom. Thus, this is an attempt to investigate the relevance of information and communication technologies in the education and professional practice of English teachers in Brazil in the context of the 21st century.

Dos Santos, Roberto-Márcio; Sobrinho, Jerônimo Coura

91

A card requirements language enabling privacy-preserving access control  

Microsoft Academic Search

We address the problem of privacy-preserving access control in distributed systems. Users commonly reveal more personal data than strictly necessary to be granted access to online resources, even though existing technologies, such as anonymous credential systems, offer functionalities that would allow for privacy-friendly authorization. An important reason for this lack of technology adoption is, as we believe, the absence of

Jan Camenisch; Sebastian Mödersheim; Gregory Neven; Franz-Stefan Preiss; Dieter Sommer

2010-01-01

92

Natural Language Information Retrieval: Progress Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on the progress of the natural language information retrieval project, a joint effort led by GE (General Electric) Research, and its evaluation at the sixth TREC (Text Retrieval Conference). Discusses stream-based information retrieval, which uses alternative methods of document indexing; advanced linguistic streams; weighting; and query…

Perez-Carballo, Jose; Strzalkowski, Tomek

2000-01-01

93

Infants and Children with Hearing Loss Need Early Language Access  

PubMed Central

Around 96 percent of children with hearing loss are born to parents with intact hearing,1 who may initially know little about deafness or sign language. Therefore, such parents will need information and support in making decisions about the medical, linguistic, and educational management of their child. Some of these decisions are time-sensitive and irreversible and come at a moment of emotional turmoil and vulnerability (when some parents grieve the toss of a normally hearing child).2 Clinical research indicates that a deaf child’s poor communication skills can be made worse by increased level of parental depression.3 Given this, the importance of reliable and up-to-date support for parents’ decisions is critical to the overall well-being of their child.4 In raising and educating a child, parents are often offered an exclusive choice between an oral environment (including assistive technology, speech reading, and voicing) and a signing environment. A heated controversy surrounds this choice, and has since at least the late 19th century, beginning with the International Congress on the Education of the Deaf in Milan, held in 1880.5 While families seek advice from many sources, including, increasingly, the internet,6 the primary care physician (PCP) is the professional medical figure the family interacts with repeatedly.7 The present article aims to help family advisors, particularly the PCP and other medical advisors in this regard. We argue that deaf children need to be exposed regularly and frequently to good language models in both visual and auditory modalities from the time hearing loss is detected and continued throughout their education to ensure proper cognitive, psychological, and educational development. Since there is, unfortunately, a dearth of empirical studies on many of the issues families must confront, professional opinions, backed by what studies do exist, are the only option. We here give our strongly held professional opinions and stress the need for improved research studies in these areas. PMID:20866021

Kushalnagar, Poorna; Mathur, Gaurav; Moreland, Christopher J.; Napoli, Donna Jo; Osterling, Wendy; Padden, Carol; Rathmann, Christian

2010-01-01

94

Access Guide to the Language & Linguistics Location of the department and its main spaces  

E-print Network

Access Guide to the Language & Linguistics Department Location of the department and its main Disability Liaison Officer Accessible parking Location of the Language & Linguistics department to the Language & Linguistics department from the main squares From SQUARE 4 (level 5): enter the building from

Codling, Edward A.

95

MANAGING INFORMATION PRIVACY AND INFORMATION ACCESS IN THE PUBLIC SECTOR  

Microsoft Academic Search

Government agencies collect and disseminate data that bear on the most important issues of public interest. Advances in information technology, particularly the Internet, have multiplied the tension between demands for evermore comprehensive databases and demands for the shelter of privacy. In mediating between these two conflicting demands, agencies must address a host of difficult problems. These include providing access to

George T. Duncan

96

Language-Based Information-Flow Security  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current standard security practices do not pro- vide substantial assurance that the end-to-end behavior of a computing system satisfies important security policies such as confidentiality. An end-to-end confidentiality policy might assert that secret input data cannot be inferred by an attacker through the attacker's observations of system output; this policy regulates information flow. Conventional security mechanisms such as access control

Andrei Sabelfeld; Andrew C. Myers

2002-01-01

97

Tight Bounds on the Accessible Information and the Informational Power  

E-print Network

The accessible information quantifies the amount of classical information that can be extracted from an ensemble of quantum states. Analogously, the informational power quantifies the amount of classical information that can be extracted by a quantum measurement. For both quantities, we provide upper and lower bounds that depend only on the dimension of the system, and we prove their tightness. In the case of symmetric informationally complete (SIC) ensembles and measurements, stronger bounds are provided and their tightness proved for qubits and qutrits. From our upper bounds, we notice, perhaps surprisingly, that the statistics generated by SIC ensembles or measurements in arbitrary dimension, though optimal for tomographic purposes, in fact never contains more than just one bit of information, the rest being constituted by completely random bits. On the other hand, from our lower bounds, we obtain an explicit strategy beating the so-called "pretty-good" one for the extraction of mutual information in the case of SIC ensembles and measurements.

Michele Dall'Arno; Francesco Buscemi; Masanao Ozawa

2014-02-04

98

Patient empowerment by increasing information accessibility in a telecare system.  

PubMed

Patient empowerment is important in order to increase the quality of the medical care and the life quality of the patients. In this respect, the paper describes how a telecare system can become more "friendly" with the assisted persons (elderly people or post-discharged patients) due to a specific feature addressing the patient access to information from medical texts. The according service is part of the server of a tele-care/tele-assistance system (TELEASIS) and adapts the medical text to "patient" lay person language, contributing in this respect to the patient empowerment process. This component is based on an original terminology interpretation engine which is being briefly described in this paper. The TELEASIS system has a specific interface dedicated to medical personnel allowing the addition and assignment of medical text to patients or group of patients, which can be later accessed by the patients adapted to a patient friendly language. The medial texts are saved on a central medical information database which contains different content formats (text, multimedia, videos). As a conclusion, the adapted information available for the assisted persons and the communication channels established in the system increase the possibility of patients being better informed on their health status. PMID:21893834

Topac, Vasile; Stoicu-Tivadar, Vasile

2011-01-01

99

Beyond Cultural Competence: Language Access and Latino Civil Rights.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Asserts that social services remain largely unresponsive to the values and needs of Latino families. Discusses access to linguistically appropriate services, not just as a culturally competent practice, but also as a civil rights issue. Presents implications for all aspects of private and public child welfare, including investigations, foster…

Suleiman, Layla P.

2003-01-01

100

Language Access Toolkit: An Organizing and Advocacy Resource for Community-Based Youth Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Asian American Legal Defense and Education Fund (AALDEF) developed this language access toolkit to share the expertise and experiences of National Asian American Education Advocates Network (NAAEA) member organizations with other community organizations interested in developing language access campaigns. This toolkit includes an overview of…

Beyersdorf, Mark Ro

2013-01-01

101

SIPP ACCESS: Information Tools Improve Access to National Longitudinal Panel Surveys.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A computer-based, integrated information system incorporating data and information about the data, SIPP ACCESS systematically links technologies of laser disk, mainframe computer, microcomputer, and electronic networks, and applies relational technology to provide access to information about complex statistical data collections. Examples are given…

Robbin, Alice; David, Martin

1988-01-01

102

Data and Information Access Link (DIAL)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Data and Information Access Link (DIAL) is a web based package of software tools for geospatial data storage, visualization and distribution. The DIAL software provides a web based easy to use software solution to small data producers to organize and distribute remote sensing data and metadata. DIAL system can handle heterogeneous types of remote sensing and field campaign data for Earth science applications. DIAL works with image data, grid, swath, and tabular, multidimensional array and point data. The DIAL system supports NASA's Earth Observing System and Data and Information System (EOSDIS) data standards HDF- EOS, Hierarchical Data Format (HDF), and network Common Data Format (netCDF). Data format translators are also available between HDF-EOS and Arc-Info, Geo-tiff, and shape formats. DIAL software works with data from the EOS Terra, LANDSAT 7, TRMM, SeaWiFS missions and many other types of legacy data from NASA. DIAL software is freely available for users. DIAL features: Catalog services: Spatial, temporal, and parameter-based search; Catalog search at inventory and directory levels; Automatic creation of metadata catalog; Supports ODBC/JDBC compatible databases for storing metadata/catalog; User-friendly Java search interface with query preview. Data services: On-line access to data and metadata; Single- and multi-granule subsetting and sub sampling based on array coordinates or record numbers; Single- and multi-granule sub setting and sub sampling based on geographic/map coordinates and physical parameters; Browse and dynamic/interactive visualization of data; Animation of time series or multi dimensional data; Interactive color composites of multi-spectral data; Overlay of coastal and political boundaries; On-line downloading of data in multiple formats; X-Y plotting for non-image data. DIAL can work as a standalone application or in a distributed environment. DIAL is integrated with NASA's Earth Science Data Gateway (EDG) providing support for the distributed system. DIAL works in a multiplatform environment including PC based systems, UNIX and Linux operating systems. The DIAL software is 8 Mega Bytes in size and easy to use. DIAL is used in many NASA projects, scientists from universities, Earth Science Information Partnership (ESIP) federation, NASA centers, commercial companies like IBM, and international partners of NASA. http:// dial.gsfc.nasa.gov

Suresh, R.; Di, L.; McDonald, K.

2001-05-01

103

Understanding requirements via natural language information modeling  

SciTech Connect

Information system requirements that are expressed as simple English sentences provide a clear understanding of what is needed between system specifiers, administrators, users, and developers of information systems. The approach used to develop the requirements is the Natural-language Information Analysis Methodology (NIAM). NIAM allows the processes, events, and business rules to be modeled using natural language. The natural language presentation enables the people who deal with the business issues that are to be supported by the information system to describe exactly the system requirements that designers and developers will implement. Computer prattle is completely eliminated from the requirements discussion. An example is presented that is based upon a section of a DOE Order involving nuclear materials management. Where possible, the section is analyzed to specify the process(es) to be done, the event(s) that start the process, and the business rules that are to be followed during the process. Examples, including constraints, are developed. The presentation steps through the modeling process and shows where the section of the DOE Order needs clarification, extensions or interpretations that could provide a more complete and accurate specification.

Sharp, J.K.; Becker, S.D.

1993-07-01

104

User-Centered Indexing for Adaptive Information Access  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We are focusing on information access tasks characterized by large volume of hypermedia connected technical documents, a need for rapid and effective access to familiar information, and long-term interaction with evolving information. The problem for technical users is to build and maintain a personalized task-oriented model of the information to quickly access relevant information. We propose a solution which provides user-centered adaptive information retrieval and navigation. This solution supports users in customizing information access over time. It is complementary to information discovery methods which provide access to new information, since it lets users customize future access to previously found information. It relies on a technique, called Adaptive Relevance Network, which creates and maintains a complex indexing structure to represent personal user's information access maps organized by concepts. This technique is integrated within the Adaptive HyperMan system, which helps NASA Space Shuttle flight controllers organize and access large amount of information. It allows users to select and mark any part of a document as interesting, and to index that part with user-defined concepts. Users can then do subsequent retrieval of marked portions of documents. This functionality allows users to define and access personal collections of information, which are dynamically computed. The system also supports collaborative review by letting users share group access maps. The adaptive relevance network provides long-term adaptation based both on usage and on explicit user input. The indexing structure is dynamic and evolves over time. Leading and generalization support flexible retrieval of information under similar concepts. The network is geared towards more recent information access, and automatically manages its size in order to maintain rapid access when scaling up to large hypermedia space. We present results of simulated learning experiments.

Chen, James R.; Mathe, Nathalie

1996-01-01

105

Species Access Canada: Access to Specimen and Observation Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site provides information on Canadian species and contacts for finding species data. The information is categorized by: Aquatic Invertebrates; Birds (Aves); Butterflies (Lepidoptera); Fish (Agnatha, Chondrichthyes, Osteichthyes); Molluscs (Mollusca); Mosquitoes; Plants (Plantae); and Reptiles and Amphibians (Reptilia and Amphibia). The specimens can be searched by listing the number of records by taxon or number of records by collector/observer; or searching by taxonomic name, collector, or geographic area.

106

Literacy, Access, and Libraries among the Language Minority Population.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers on linguistic minorities and library use include: (1) "Why Consider the Library and Books?" (Stephen Krashen); (2) "Supporting Spanish Language Literacy: Latino Children and School and Community Libraries" (Sandra Pucci); (3) "'I Did Not Know You Could Get Such Things There!': Secondary ESL Students' Understanding, Use and Beliefs…

Constantino, Rebecca, Ed.

107

Logical and Uncertainty Models for Information Access: Current Trends  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current trends of research in information access as emerged from the 1999 Workshop on Logical and Uncertainty Models for Information Systems (LUMIS'99) are briefly reviewed in this paper. We believe that some of these issues will be central to future research on theory and applications of logical and uncertainty models for information access.

Fabio Crestani; Mounia Lalmas

1999-01-01

108

Language-Based Access to Large Sensor Repositories  

PubMed Central

Sensor data have broadened their scope recently, ranging now from the simple time series measurements to, e.g., hyperspectral satellite image maps timeseries. In addition to observed data, simulation data increasingly have to be merged, for example 4-D ocean and atmospheric data. The majority of these data fall into the category of multi-dimensional rasters. However, when it comes to flexible retrieval, including sensor data search, aggregation, analysis, fusion, etc., standard query language support in the past has not kept up with the service level of, e.g., metadata retrieval. To close this gap, the Open GeoSpatial Consortium (OGC) has issued the Web Coverage Processing Service (WCPS) Standard in December 2008. WCPS defines a request language for multi-dimensional raster data, suitable for specifying navigation, download, and analysis of sensor, image, and statistics data. This contribution emphasises sensor data modeling and the perspectives for an integrated, cross-dimensional sensor data retrieval. Further, the WCPS reference implementation is briefly discussed. PMID:22574054

Baumann, Peter

2009-01-01

109

Language-based access to large sensor repositories.  

PubMed

Sensor data have broadened their scope recently, ranging now from the simple time series measurements to, e.g., hyperspectral satellite image maps timeseries. In addition to observed data, simulation data increasingly have to be merged, for example 4-D ocean and atmospheric data. The majority of these data fall into the category of multi-dimensional rasters. However, when it comes to flexible retrieval, including sensor data search, aggregation, analysis, fusion, etc., standard query language support in the past has not kept up with the service level of, e.g., metadata retrieval. To close this gap, the Open GeoSpatial Consortium (OGC) has issued the Web Coverage Processing Service (WCPS) Standard in December 2008. WCPS defines a request language for multi-dimensional raster data, suitable for specifying navigation, download, and analysis of sensor, image, and statistics data. This contribution emphasises sensor data modeling and the perspectives for an integrated, cross-dimensional sensor data retrieval. Further, the WCPS reference implementation is briefly discussed. PMID:22574054

Baumann, Peter

2009-01-01

110

Open Access and Civic Scientific Information Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: We examine how residents and citizens of The Netherlands perceive open access to acquire preliminary insight into the role it might play in cultivating civic scientific literacy. Open access refers to scientific or scholarly research literature available on the Web to scholars and the general public in free online journals and…

Zuccala, Alesia

2010-01-01

111

Accessibility  

Cancer.gov

The National Institutes of Health, NIH is making every effort to ensure that the information available on our website is accessible to all. If you use special adaptive equipment to access the Web and encounter problems when using our site, please let

112

7 CFR 2903.18 - Access to review information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) OFFICE OF ENERGY POLICY AND NEW USES, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BIODIESEL FUEL EDUCATION PROGRAM Supplementary Information § 2903.18 Access to review information. Copies of reviews,...

2010-01-01

113

1 CFR 456.4 - Public access to information.  

...REGULATIONS) § 456.4 Public access to information. (a) General policy. It is the Commission's general policy to facilitate the...information to the public. The Commission's...maximum fee the party making the request...

2014-01-01

114

Integration of language and sensor information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The talk describes the development of basic technologies of intelligent systems fusing data from multiple domains and leading to automated computational techniques for understanding data contents. Understanding involves inferring appropriate decisions and recommending proper actions, which in turn requires fusion of data and knowledge about objects, situations, and actions. Data might include sensory data, verbal reports, intelligence intercepts, or public records, whereas knowledge ought to encompass the whole range of objects, situations, people and their behavior, and knowledge of languages. In the past, a fundamental difficulty in combining knowledge with data was the combinatorial complexity of computations, too many combinations of data and knowledge pieces had to be evaluated. Recent progress in understanding of natural intelligent systems, including the human mind, leads to the development of neurophysiologically motivated architectures for solving these challenging problems, in particular the role of emotional neural signals in overcoming combinatorial complexity of old logic-based approaches. Whereas past approaches based on logic tended to identify logic with language and thinking, recent studies in cognitive linguistics have led to appreciation of more complicated nature of linguistic models. Little is known about the details of the brain mechanisms integrating language and thinking. Understanding and fusion of linguistic information with sensory data represent a novel challenging aspect of the development of integrated fusion systems. The presentation will describe a non-combinatorial approach to this problem and outline techniques that can be used for fusing diverse and uncertain knowledge with sensory and linguistic data.

Perlovsky, Leonid I.; Weijers, Bertus

2003-04-01

115

Seeking health information online: does limited healthcare access matter?  

PubMed

Consumers facing barriers to healthcare access may use online health information seeking and online communication with physicians, but the empirical relationship has not been sufficiently analyzed. Our study examines the association of barriers to healthcare access with consumers' health-related information searching on the internet, use of health chat groups, and email communication with physicians, using data from 27?210 adults from the 2009 National Health Interview Survey. Individuals with financial barriers to healthcare access, difficulty getting timely appointments with doctors, and conflicts in scheduling during clinic hours are more likely to search for general health information online than those without these access barriers. Those unable to get timely appointments with physicians are more likely to participate in health chat groups and email physicians. The internet may offer a low-cost source of health information and could help meet the heightened demand for health-related information among those facing access barriers to care. PMID:24948558

Bhandari, Neeraj; Shi, Yunfeng; Jung, Kyoungrae

2014-11-01

116

Telecommunications as a Means to Access Health Information: An Exploratory Study of Migrants in Australia  

PubMed Central

Background Health policies increasingly promote e-health developments (e.g., consumers’ access to online health information) to engage patients in their health care. In order to make these developments available for culturally and socially diverse communities, not only do Internet accessibility, literacy and e-health literacy need to be taken into account, but consumers’ preferences and information seeking behaviours for accessing health information have also to be understood. These considerations are crucial when designing major new health policy directions, especially for migration destination countries with culturally diverse populations, such as Australia. The aim of this study was to examine how people from a culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) community use telecommunications (phone, mobile, Internet) to access health information. Design and Methods A case study was conducted using a questionnaire exploring the use of telecommunications to access health information among CALD people. The study was carried out at a community health centre in a socially and economically disadvantaged area of Melbourne, a city of 4 million people with a large CALD and migrant population. Questionnaires were translated into three languages and interpreters were provided. Fifty-nine questionnaires were completed by users of the community health centre. Results Most of the CALD participants did not have access to the Internet at home and very few reported using telecommunications to access health information. Conclusions The findings of the study suggest that telecommunications are not necessarily perceived to be an important channel for accessing health information by members of the CALD community. PMID:25170467

Greenstock, Louise; Woodward-Kron, Robyn; Fraser, Catriona; Bingham, Amie; Naccarella, Lucio; Elliott, Kristine; Morris, Michal

2012-01-01

117

Access to Information About Stuttering and Societal Knowledge of Stuttering  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to examine societal knowledge of stuttering, access to information sources, and the influence of information sources on knowledge of stuttering. 185 participants from Northwest Ohio were surveyed. Results of the study indicated that the general public varies in their knowledge of stuttering and that majority of participants had not accessed information about stuttering, and the few who had, did so a long time ago. Finally, access to information sources had little influence on knowledge of stuttering. Implications for future research are discussed. PMID:21949564

Gabel, Rodney; Brackenbury, Tim; Irani, Farzan

2011-01-01

118

The Role of the Self-Access Centre in the Tertiary Language Learning Process  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the role of the self-access centre (SAC) in tertiary language learning and teaching, a role which has developed out of the changes that have occurred within the disciplines of Applied Linguistics and Education as well as from wider changes in technology and society itself. As the focus in language learning has moved, over the…

Morrison, Bruce

2008-01-01

119

Evaluating Learning Gain in a Self-Access Language Learning Centre  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

If it is to be argued that self-access language learning centres (SACs) provide an efficient and effective alternative or complement to more traditionally accepted modes of language learning and teaching, it remains a serious concern that there is no research-based framework specifically developed for their evaluation. It is within the context of…

Morrison, Bruce

2005-01-01

120

HOW TO ACCESS TREATMENT TECHNOLOGY INFORMATION  

EPA Science Inventory

ATTIC (Alternative Treatment Technology Information Center) is an on-line computer database and repository for information on remediation and treatment technologies. t contains several of EPA's technology databases, including the Treatment Technology Database, the RREL (Risk Redu...

121

Future Possibilities in Information Technology and Access.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Includes two articles that discuss science fiction and future possibilities in information technology: "'Jurassic Park' and Al Jolson: Thinking about the Information Revolution" (Connie Willis) and "The Good and the Bad: Outlines of Tomorrow" (David Brin). (LRW)

Wolf, Milton, Ed.; And Others

1994-01-01

122

Disclosure of Information about English Proficiency: Preservice Teachers' Presumptions about English Language Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this analog study was to determine if increased access to information about a hypothetical English Language Learner (ELL) students' language proficiency increased preservice teachers' recognition that limited English proficiency is the likely cause of student difficulties. We find that the provision of increasing levels of…

Cheatham, Gregory A.; Jimenez-Silva, Margarita; Wodrich, David L.; Kasai, Masahiro

2014-01-01

123

Creating communicatively accessible healthcare environments: Perceptions of speech-language pathologists.  

PubMed

Abstract There is a growing body of research that indicates that a person with a communication disability communicates and participates more effectively given a communicatively accessible environment. If this research is to be translated into practice then one needs to determine who will take on the role of creating communicatively accessible environments. This research adopted a qualitative methodology to explore the perceptions of speech-language pathologists about working to create communicatively accessible healthcare settings. Fifteen speech-language pathologists in three focus groups participated in this research. The focus group discussions were transcribed and analysed thematically. Thematic analysis indicated that speech-language pathologists believe there are four main benefits in creating communicatively accessible healthcare environments. These are Benefits for all people: Access for all, Benefits for healthcare administrators, Benefits for those wanting to improve communication with patients, and Benefits to the capacity to provide communicatively accessible environments. However, they believe these benefits can only be achieved if; The communication resources are available, Skilled, knowledgeable and supportive healthcare providers are available; and Systems are in place to support a whole-of-hospital approach. This research supports the development of a new role to improve the communicative accessibility of healthcare settings. PMID:24665913

O'Halloran, Robyn; Lee, Yan Shan; Rose, Miranda; Liamputtong, Pranee

2014-12-01

124

5 CFR 1204.14 - Requests for access to confidential commercial information.  

... Requests for access to confidential commercial information. 1204.14 Section... Requests for access to confidential commercial information. (a) General. Confidential commercial information provided to the...

2014-01-01

125

76 FR 77738 - Telecommunications Act Accessibility Guidelines; Electronic and Information Technology...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Guidelines; Electronic and Information Technology Accessibility Standards...Guidelines and its Electronic and Information Technology Accessibility Standards...standards for electronic and information technology covered by Section 508...

2011-12-14

126

Policy Issues in Computer Networks: Multi-Access Information Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As computer databases become more publicly accessible through public networks, there is a growing need to provide effective protection for proprietary information. Without adequate assurances that their works will be protected, authors and other copyright owners may be reluctant to allow the full text of their works to be accessed through computer…

Lyons, Patrice A.

127

Information Lossless Space-Time Coding for Multiple Access Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we consider multiple access systems where users and access points are equipped with multiple antennas. In order to exploit some of the MIMO potentials we have to resort to space-time coding. Unfortunately, such a processing may induce severe loss in terms of achievable information rates. In this paper we prove the necessary and sufficient condition ensuring that

Antonio Fasano; Sergio Barbarossa

2007-01-01

128

Database Publishing and Increasing Access to Food Science Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews current developments that facilitate increased access to food science information, with examples from the Web, from search engine producers, and from disseminators and producers of specialised abstracting and indexing (A&I) databases. The diversity of developments is reviewed in the context of blogs, wikis, Facebook, YouTube, Connotea, and examples of increasing Web access with Google Scholar and Windows

Howard Stanbury; Jeremy Selman

2008-01-01

129

Science information systems: Archive, access, and retrieval  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The objective of this research is to develop technology for the automated characterization and interactive retrieval and visualization of very large, complex scientific data sets. Technologies will be developed for the following specific areas: (1) rapidly archiving data sets; (2) automatically characterizing and labeling data in near real-time; (3) providing users with the ability to browse contents of databases efficiently and effectively; (4) providing users with the ability to access and retrieve system independent data sets electronically; and (5) automatically alerting scientists to anomalies detected in data.

Campbell, William J.

1991-01-01

130

Access to F.D.A. Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prior to the enactment of the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), little of the data collected by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) was made public or could be obtained from the agency. Although the FDA files are now open, information is considered exempt from public disclosure when it involves regulatory procedures, program guidelines, work…

Sinovic, Dianna

131

Pitfalls of information access with visualizations in remote collaborative analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a world of widespread information access, information can overwhelm collaborators, even with visualizations to help. We extend prior work to study the effect of shared information on collaboration. We analyzed the success and discussion process of remote pairs trying to identify a serial killer in multiple crime cases. Each partner had half of the evidence, or each partner had

Aruna D. Balakrishnan; Susan R. Fussell; Sara B. Kiesler; Aniket Kittur

2010-01-01

132

UNLV OFFICE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY NETWORK ACCESS COMPLIANCE POLICY  

E-print Network

Information Technology Date Date REVISION DATE: NA STATEMENT OF PURPOSE The purpose of this policy is toUNLV OFFICE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY NETWORK ACCESS COMPLIANCE POLICY RESPONSIBLE ADMINISTRATOR: RESPONSIBLE OFFICE(S): ORIGINALLY IsSUED: APPROVALS: VICE PROVOST FOR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY OFFICE

Hemmers, Oliver

133

32 CFR 310.17 - Individual access to personal information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...maintained in a system of records. Release of personal information to individuals...When an individual seeks personal access to records pertaining to themselves...this part. Uncirculated personal notes and records that are not...

2011-07-01

134

32 CFR 310.17 - Individual access to personal information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...maintained in a system of records. Release of personal information to individuals...When an individual seeks personal access to records pertaining to themselves...this part. Uncirculated personal notes and records that are not...

2013-07-01

135

32 CFR 310.17 - Individual access to personal information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...maintained in a system of records. Release of personal information to individuals...When an individual seeks personal access to records pertaining to themselves...this part. Uncirculated personal notes and records that are not...

2012-07-01

136

Recommendations concerning energy information model documentation, public access, and evaluation  

E-print Network

In this study we provide an analysis of the factors underlying Congressional concern regarding model documentation, policies for public access, and evaluation procedures of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) and ...

Wood, David O.

1979-01-01

137

49 CFR 633.15 - Access to information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...to Transportation (Continued) FEDERAL TRANSIT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PROJECT MANAGEMENT OVERSIGHT Project Management Oversight Services § 633.15 Access to information. A recipient of FTA funds for a...

2010-10-01

138

Accessible online health promotion information for persons with disabilities.  

PubMed

Online health promotion materials have great potential to reach persons with disabilities and provide valuable information to this vulnerable population. While health promotion efforts are important for everyone, they are crucial for individuals with disabilities. Yet information needed to support these efforts is often presented in such a way that its access is limited or its content is inappropriate for this population. Whether designing or selecting online materials for individuals with disabilities, nurses can benefit from knowledge about strategies to make web sites more accessible or to assess the accessibility of existing web sites. The task of providing health promotion information to women with disabilities was undertaken as part of the "Health Promotion for Women with Disabilities Project" at Villanova University's College of Nursing. A web site was created as one method of providing information. This paper presents strategies that are used to make this site accessible. PMID:14998351

Smeltzer, Suzanne C; Zimmerman, Vanessa; Frain, Marita; DeSilets, Lynore; Duffin, Janice

2004-01-01

139

Accessibility of Emergency Information on Television  

MedlinePLUS

... that is provided in the audio portion of programming must be provided either using closed captioning or ... or scrolls that appear on the screen. Video programming distributors must ensure that emergency information does not ...

140

How to access treatment technology information  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this information age, there is a wealth of data on innovative treatment technologies being created at a very fast pace. The exchange of new information via telecommunication is prompt and far-reaching. For environmental protection and health and risk-related issues, there are quite a number of databases developed by US EPA currently available, both as on-line search systems and as

K. F. Hsu; D. A. Sullivan

1995-01-01

141

Transparent access to distributed, heterogeneous environmental information systems  

SciTech Connect

Quality situation assessment and decision making require access to multiple sources of data and information. The question facing today`s analyst is not so much {open_quotes}Is the data I need to do my work available?{close_quotes} as {open_quotes}How can I get to the data I need to make an informed decision?{close_quotes} Insufficient accessibility to data exists for many large corporations and Government agencies. By utilizing current advances in computer technology, today`s situation analysts have a wealth of information at their disposal. There are many potential solutions to the information accessibility problem using today`s technology. The United States Department of Energy (US-DOE) faced this situation when dealing with the problem of high level radioactive waste (HLW) tanks in the United States. The result of their efforts has been the creation of the Tank Waste Information Network System -- TWINS. The TWINS solution combines many technologies to address problems in several areas such as user interfaces, transparent access to multiple data sources, and integrated data access. Data related to the HLW tank complex is currently distributed throughout several US-DOE installations. Over time, each installation has adopted its own set of standards for information management, hardware, and software platforms. These factors contribute to the complexity of accessing information in a manner that enhances the performance and decision making process of the analysts. This paper presents one approach taken by the US-DOE to resolve the problem of distributed, heterogeneous, multi-media information management through the development of multilevel architectural controls and access mechanisms for the HLW Tank complex. The information system architecture developed for the US-DOE by the TWINS effort is one that is adaptable to other problem domains and uses.

Brown, J.C.; Kissinger, B.A.

1994-09-01

142

Open access for the non-English-speaking world: overcoming the language barrier  

PubMed Central

This editorial highlights the problem of language barrier in scientific communication in spite of the recent success of Open Access Movement. Four options for English-language journals to overcome the language barrier are suggested: 1) abstracts in alternative languages provided by authors, 2) Wiki open translation, 3) international board of translator-editors, and 4) alternative language version of the journal. The Emerging Themes in Epidemiology announces that with immediate effect, it will accept translations of abstracts or full texts by authors as Additional files. Editorial note: In an effort towards overcoming the language barrier in scientific publication, ETE will accept translations of abstracts or the full text of published articles. Each translation should be submitted separately as an Additional File in PDF format. ETE will only peer review English-language versions. Therefore, translations will not be scrutinized in the review-process and the responsibility for accurate translation rests with the authors. PMID:18173854

Fung, Isaac CH

2008-01-01

143

Beyond Access: Informed Participation and Empowerment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is based on the fundamental claim that one of the major roles of new media is not to deliver predigested information to individuals, but to provide the opportunity and resources for social debate and discussion. For most design problems (ranging from urban design to graphics design and software design) that we have studied over many years, the knowledge

Ernesto Arias; Hal Eden; Gerhard Fischer; Andrew Gorman; Eric Scharff

1999-01-01

144

ACIP: An Access Control and Information Protocol for Ethernetbased Broadband Access Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ethernet-based broadband access network nodes like an IP DSLAM are required to provide many new Ethernet\\/IP-based features for, e.g., end user device autoconfiguration by DHCP, authentication and authorization based on IEEE 802.1X, and multicast distribution. At control plane, a lot of information exchange is needed to configure, administer, and control these features and services. Cost-effective access network and system structures

Daniel Duchow; Thomas Bahls; Dirk Timmermann

2006-01-01

145

Dynamics of information access on the web  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

While current studies on complex networks focus on systems that change relatively slowly in time, the structure of the most visited regions of the web is altered at the time scale from hours to days. Here we investigate the dynamics of visitation of a major news portal, representing the prototype for such a rapidly evolving network. The nodes of the network can be classified into stable nodes, which form the time-independent skeleton of the portal, and news documents. The visitations of the two node classes are markedly different, the skeleton acquiring visits at a constant rate, while a news document’s visitation peaks after a few hours. We find that the visitation pattern of a news document decays as a power law, in contrast with the exponential prediction provided by simple models of site visitation. This is rooted in the inhomogeneous nature of the browsing pattern characterizing individual users: the time interval between consecutive visits by the same user to the site follows a power-law distribution, in contrast to the exponential expected for Poisson processes. We show that the exponent characterizing the individual user’s browsing patterns determines the power-law decay in a document’s visitation. Finally, our results document the fleeting quality of news and events: while fifteen minutes of fame is still an exaggeration in the online media, we find that access to most news items significantly decays after 36hours of posting.

Dezsö, Z.; Almaas, E.; Lukács, A.; Rácz, B.; Szakadát, I.; Barabási, A.-L.

2006-06-01

146

Tales of the Unexpected: language and cognitive access in the psychology laboratory  

E-print Network

#12;Tales of the Unexpected: language and cognitive access in the psychology laboratory Marian Counihan Logic and Cognition group ILLC, University of Amsterdam Questions, comments? Please contact me reason · in psychology of reasoning this has been tackled with prescribed experimental paradigms

Löwe, Benedikt

147

Carpet or Carcel: The Effect of Age of Acquisition and Language Mode on Bilingual Lexical Access  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lexical access was examined in English-Spanish bilinguals by monitoring eye fixations on target and lexical competitors as participants followed spoken instructions in English to click on one of the objects presented on a computer (e.g., "Click on the beans"). Within-language lexical competitors had a phoneme onset in English that was shared with…

Canseco-Gonzalez, Enriqueta; Brehm, Laurel; Brick, Cameron A.; Brown-Schmidt, Sarah; Fischer, Kara; Wagner, Katie

2010-01-01

148

The Dominance of Language in the Curriculum: Issues of Access, Equity, and Opportunity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Authors Elliot Eisner, Ivan Illich, and Aldous Huxley take similar positions about language in education, professing that schools limit student access to an adequate range of learning opportunities, resulting in narrow definitions of literacy and education. Examines Eisner's attitude about curriculum balance, Illich's beliefs about tools for…

Nicholson, David W.

1999-01-01

149

48 CFR 1552.235-80 - Access to confidential business information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...235-80 Access to confidential business information. As prescribed...clause. Access to Confidential Business Information (OCT 2000) It is not anticipated...have access to confidential business information (CBI)...

2010-10-01

150

48 CFR 352.239-73 - Electronic information and technology accessibility.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Electronic information and technology accessibility. 352.239-73 Section...239-73 Electronic information and technology accessibility. (a) As prescribed...provision: Electronic and Information Technology Accessibility (January...

2012-10-01

151

48 CFR 352.239-73 - Electronic information and technology accessibility.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Electronic information and technology accessibility. 352.239-73 Section...239-73 Electronic information and technology accessibility. (a) As prescribed...provision: Electronic and Information Technology Accessibility (January...

2011-10-01

152

48 CFR 352.239-73 - Electronic information and technology accessibility.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Electronic information and technology accessibility. (a) As...Electronic and Information Technology Accessibility (January 2010...Assessment Template, and it is later determined by the Government...Electronic and Information Technology Accessibility (January...

2013-10-01

153

Equal Access Initiative HIV/AIDS Information Resources from NLM  

SciTech Connect

The Equal Access Initiative: HIV/AIDS Information Resources from the National Library of Medicine training is designed specifically for the National Minority AIDS Council 2010 Equal Access Initiative (EAI) Computer Grants Program awardees to provide valuable health information resources from the National Library of Medicine and other reliable sources to increase awareness of the wealth of treatment information and educational materials that are available on the Internet and to improve prevention and treatment education for their clients. These resources will also meet the needs of community-based

Templin-Branner W. and N. Dancy

2010-09-11

154

The World Wide Web of Science: Reconfiguring Access to Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents preliminary results from a new study of how the Internet and the Web might reconfigure access to scientific information. The study combines qualitative and quantitative methods - in-depth interviews and webmetric analysis - to explore how the Internet and Web are reinforcing the role of existing sources of information, or tending to either 'democratize' or centralize patterns

Ralph Schroeder; Alexandre Caldas; Gustavo Mesch

155

Open Access: A User Information System. Professional Paper Series, #6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on the need for information systems that provide faculty, staff, and students with open access to all necessary information resources, this paper begins by discussing the issues involved in developing such systems. A review of the traditional environment looks at the traditional centralized resources versus the current trend toward…

Gleason, Bernard W.

156

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Numbers 13 and 14.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

ACCESS is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

157

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Numbers 13 and 14.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

158

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 1 Numbers 11 and 12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

159

Environment Information ACCESS, Volume 2 Numbers 15 and 16.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Access" is an indexing, abstracting, and information retrieval service that covers published and non-print information on environmental pollution, conservation, and related fields. It provides an overview of the environmental reporting of more than 1000 scholarly, scientific, industrial, technical, and general periodicals and major newspapers;…

Environment Information Center, New York, NY.

160

ISAIA: Interoperable Systems for Archival Information Access  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The ISAIA project was originally proposed in 1999 as a successor to the informal AstroBrowse project. AstroBrowse, which provided a data location service for astronomical archives and catalogs, was a first step toward data system integration and interoperability. The goals of ISAIA were ambitious: '...To develop an interdisciplinary data location and integration service for space science. Building upon existing data services and communications protocols, this service will allow users to transparently query hundreds or thousands of WWW-based resources (catalogs, data, computational resources, bibliographic references, etc.) from a single interface. The service will collect responses from various resources and integrate them in a seamless fashion for display and manipulation by the user.' Funding was approved only for a one-year pilot study, a decision that in retrospect was wise given the rapid changes in information technology in the past few years and the emergence of the Virtual Observatory initiatives in the US and worldwide. Indeed, the ISAIA pilot study was influential in shaping the science goals, system design, metadata standards, and technology choices for the virtual observatory. The ISAIA pilot project also helped to cement working relationships among the NASA data centers, US ground-based observatories, and international data centers. The ISAIA project was formed as a collaborative effort between thirteen institutions that provided data to astronomers, space physicists, and planetary scientists. Among the fruits we ultimately hoped would come from this project would be a central site on the Web that any space scientist could use to efficiently locate existing data relevant to a particular scientific question. Furthermore, we hoped that the needed technology would be general enough to allow smaller, more-focused community within space science could use the same technologies and standards to provide more specialized services. A major challenge to searching for data across a broad community is that information that describe some data products are either not relevant to other data or not applicable in the same way. Some previous metadata standard development efforts (e.g., in the earth science and library communities) have produced standards that are very large and difficult to support. To address this problem, we studied how a standard may be divided into separable pieces. Data providers that wish to participate in interoperable searches can support only those parts of the standard that are relevant to them. We prototyped a top-level metadata standard that was small and applicable to all space science data.

Hanisch, Robert J.

2002-01-01

161

The Dynamics of Information Access in the Online Media  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

While most research on information access focuses on search engines, a significant fraction of new information we are exposed to comes from news, whose source is increasingly shifting online. News, however, have a fleeting quality: in contrast with the 24-hour news cycle of the printed press, in the online and audiovisual media the non-stop stream of new developments often obliterates a news event within hours. Through archives, the Internet offers better long-term search-based access to old events than any other media before. Yet, if we are not exposed to a news item while prominently featured, it is unlikely that we will know what to search for. The accelerating news cycle raises several important questions: How long is a piece of news accessible without targeted search? What is the dynamics of news accessibility?

Dezso, Zoltan

2005-03-01

162

29 CFR 500.78 - Information in foreign language.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Information in foreign language. 500.78 Section 500.78 Labor... § 500.78 Information in foreign language. Each farm labor contractor...and reasonable, in Spanish or another language common to migrant or seasonal...

2011-07-01

163

Rights to information access under the Data Protection Act.  

PubMed

A patient has a legal right to access personal information held by health professionals on the basis of statutory provisions, such as the Data Protection Act 1998 and the regulations made under that Act, the Access to Health Reports Act 1988 (which is considered in a later article), and also on the basis of the common law, i.e. judge made or case law. Neither legal rights, however, give the patient an absolute right, but are qualified. PMID:16116383

Dimond, Bridgit

164

Scientific Coolections: Informational - Navigational Portal for Scientific Publications Access.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At present there is the tendency of uniting efforts of scientific establishments and libraries for using information - communication medium with the purpose of information support of research and pedagogical activity in Moldova. The efficient access to the scientific and technical literature and, first of all, to the new publications, is necessary practically for all scientists and experts irrespective of a field of knowledge, in which they work. Research institutions, knowing how to receive access to the electron information and to use it intellectually, realize that it effects positively the quality and outcomes of the research process. It is obvious, that to ensure maximum utilization of the new information stream by habitual methods is impossible. New non-traditional approaches are necessary for the increase of the level of information provision of scientists and experts. Creation of electron libraries, realizing qualitatively other level of production, storage, organization and distribution of various information is the most effective way to gin this object. The access to the electron versions of scientific journals allows to reduce the acuteness of shortage of scientific literature, the electron information becomes accessible before the publication of paper version of a journal, and taking into account the delivery time of foreign issues into Moldova, this outstripping can reach several months.

Bogatencov, Petru; Kozlenco, Ludmila; Ginculova, Silvia; Keradi, Natalia

165

The effect of an enriched environmental language-accessing programme on the reacquisition of language in a person with traumatic brain injury  

Microsoft Academic Search

This case study examined the effects of an enriched environmental language-accessing programme on an individual with a severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). Using a holistic programme - which involved greetings, singing songs, drawing, painting, word focus, poetry, story retelling, pictorial cards and farewells - the rehabilitation set out to improve the participant's ability to access dormant language. The researcher chose

Joanna Pascoe

2010-01-01

166

Parents' Perceptions of Pediatric Primary Care Quality: Effects of Race/Ethnicity, Language, and Access  

PubMed Central

Objective To examine the effects of race/ethnicity, language, and potential access on parents' reports of pediatric primary care experiences. Data Sources/Study Setting Primary survey data were collected (67 percent response rate) from 3,406 parents of students in kindergarten through sixth grade in a large urban school district in California during the 1999–2000 school year. Data Collection The data were collected by mail, telephone, and in person. Surveys were administered in English, Spanish, Vietnamese, and Tagalog. Study Design Data were analyzed using multiple regression models. The dependent variable was parents' reports of primary care quality, assessed via the previously validated Parents' Perceptions of Primary Care measure (P3C). The independent variables were race/ethnicity, language, and potential access to care (insurance status, presence of a regular provider of care), controlling for child age, gender, and chronic health condition status, and mother's education. Principal Findings Parents' reports of primary care quality varied according to race/ethnicity, with Asian and Latino parents reporting lower P3C scores than African Americans and whites. In multivariate analyses, both language and potential access exerted strong independent effects on primary care quality, reducing the effect of race/ethnicity such that the coefficient for Latinos was no longer significant, and the coefficient for Asians was much smaller, though still statistically significant. Conclusions To reduce racial/ethnic disparities in primary care, attention should be paid both to policies aimed at improving potential access and to providing linguistically appropriate services. PMID:12968814

Seid, Michael; Stevens, Gregory D; Varni, James W

2003-01-01

167

Better Public Policy through Natural Language Information Access  

E-print Network

. Lin Ozlem Uzuner MIT Artificial Intelligence Laboratory Cambridge, MA 02139 {boris by creating rules and regulations that can be applied in practice. During this process, staffs at the various agencies may review past and current regulations and receive comments from stakeholders and the public

Lin, Jimmy

168

Out of sight, out of mind: occlusion and the accessibility of information in narrative comprehension.  

PubMed

Do readers encode the perceptual perspectives of characters during narrative comprehension? To address this question, we conducted two experiments using stories that sometimes described situations in which certain information was occluded from the protagonists' views. We generated two related hypotheses concerning the potential impact of occlusion events on text representations. One, the event boundary hypothesis, suggested that any salient narrative event would reduce the accessibility of prior story information. The second, the perceptual availability hypothesis, suggested that accessibility would decrease most for information no longer visible to story protagonists. In Experiment 1, the participants were slowest to respond to verification questions that asked about occluded information. In Experiment 2, we demonstrated that this effect did not extend to other, nonoccluded information. These results suggest that readers encode text information from the perceptual perspective of story protagonists. This is consistent with recent perceptual symbol views of language comprehension. PMID:12747496

Horton, William S; Rapp, David N

2003-03-01

169

Evaluating Interactive Cross-Language Information Retrieval  

E-print Network

a symbiotic #12;2 relationship|translation makes CLIR more useful, and CLIR makes translation more useful (if Human Computer Interaction Laboratory College of Information Studies and Institute for Advanced Computer in which humans and machines interact to achieve better results than a machine can produce alone. A simple

Oard, Doug

170

Qualitative and Quantitative Measures of Second Language Writing: Potential Outcomes of Informal Target Language Learning Abroad  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research describes a method applied at a U.S. university in a third-year Russian language course designed to facilitate Advanced and Superior second language writing proficiency through the forum of argumentation and debate. Participants had extensive informal language experience living in a Russian-speaking country but comparatively little…

Brown, N. Anthony; Solovieva, Raissa V.; Eggett, Dennis L.

2011-01-01

171

Health Information on the Internet: Accessibility, Quality, and Readability in English and Spanish  

PubMed Central

Context Despite the substantial amount of health-related information available on the Internet, little is known about the accessibility, quality, and reading grade level of that health information. Objective To evaluate health information on breast cancer, depression, obesity, and childhood asthma available through English- and Spanish-language search engines and Web sites. Design and Setting Three unique studies were performed from July 2000 through December 2000. Accessibility of 14 search engines was assessed using a structured search experiment. Quality of 25 health Web sites and content provided by 1 search engine was evaluated by 34 physicians using structured implicit review (interrater reliability >0.90). The reading grade level of text selected for structured implicit review was established using the Fry Readability Graph method. Main Outcome Measures For the accessibility study, proportion of links leading to relevant content; for quality, coverage and accuracy of key clinical elements; and grade level reading formulas. Results Less than one quarter of the search engine’s first pages of links led to relevant content (20% of English and 12% of Spanish). On average, 45% of the clinical elements on English- and 22% on Spanish-language Web sites were more than minimally covered and completely accurate and 24% of the clinical elements on English-and 53% on Spanish-language Web sites were not covered at all. All English and 86% of Spanish Web sites required high school level or greater reading ability. Conclusion Accessing health information using search engines and simple search terms is not efficient. Coverage of key information on English- and Spanish-language Web sites is poor and inconsistent, although the accuracy of the information provided is generally good. High reading levels are required to comprehend Web-based health information. PMID:11368735

Berland, Gretchen K.; Elliott, Marc N.; Morales, Leo S.; Algazy, Jeffrey I.; Kravitz, Richard L.; Broder, Michael S.; Kanouse, David E.; Munoz, Jorge A.; Puyol, Juan-Antonio; Lara, Marielena; Watkins, Katherine E.; Yang, Hannah; McGlynn, Elizabeth A.

2006-01-01

172

77 FR 75404 - Accessible Emergency Information, and Apparatus Requirements for Emergency Information and Video...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Emergency Information, and Apparatus Requirements for Emergency Information and Video Description: Implementation of the Twenty-First Century Communications and Video Accessibility Act of 2010 AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission....

2012-12-20

173

Information Technology and Universal Design: An Agenda for Accessible Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses developments in information technology that underscore the need for greater awareness, facilitation of universal design, and a focus on nontechnological barriers to implementing technology. Trends in mainstream products and assistive technology are summarized and suggestions for analyzing products for accessibility and for…

Tobias, Jim

2003-01-01

174

Medical Portals: Web-based Access to Medical Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public portals, such as Web search engines, have been available for a number of years and corporate portals that facilitate access to enterprise information within a company, normally through the Web, have been available for the last few years. Such portals are made up of \\

Michael A. Shepherd; David Zitner; Carolyn R. Watters

2000-01-01

175

The Internet Hunt Revisited: Personal Information Accessible via the Web  

E-print Network

The Internet Hunt Revisited: Personal Information Accessible via the Web Kay Connelly, Tom Jagatic Gates posted an unusual Internet Hunt[4] to his monthly contest in usenet (alt.internet.services): he will not make contact with the subjects who are the targets of our hunt. · We shall not go to a library or any

Connelly, Kay

176

Understanding Barriers to Information Access and Disclosure for HIV+ Women  

E-print Network

pose a risk to many women who are forced to marry at a young age without adequate sexual education143 Understanding Barriers to Information Access and Disclosure for HIV+ Women Meena Natarajan surfaces the situated knowledge of HIV positive women to examine how heterosexual married couples

Parikh, Tapan S.

177

NCI Announces Awards to Increase Minority Access to Cancer Information  

Cancer.gov

The National Cancer Institute (NCI) this month announced multiple awards totaling close to $1 million to help develop research and programs to understand and eventually breach the Digital Divide that exists among many minority populations in accessing and utilizing cancer information on the Internet

178

Human computer interaction (HCI) - aspect in developing information access system  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the issue of the importance of good user interface. A prototype of an information access system was implemented. The methodology used in developing the system is the star life cycle. The principles used in building the system were based upon Ben Shneiderman's \\

R. J. R. Yusof; R. Amin; R. Zainudin; O. F. Baker

2004-01-01

179

Access to information on computer networks by the deaf  

Microsoft Academic Search

Communication technology has historically isolated deaf people from mainstream information in society. The telephone, radio, television, and film were all inaccessible to deaf and hard?of?hearing people. The computer, with its use of text for human communication, is as accessible to deaf people as it is to others in society. But the increasing use of audio material, especially on the Internet,

Thomas Rogers

1998-01-01

180

Access and use of agricultural information and knowledge in Tanzania  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this study is to assess access to and use of agricultural knowledge and information in the rural areas of Tanzania. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Mixed quantitative, qualitative and participatory methods were deployed. Semi-structured interviews were used to collect qualitative and quantitative data from 181 farmers in six districts of Tanzania. Focus groups and participatory techniques (i.e. information

Edda Tandi Lwoga; Christine Stilwell; Patrick Ngulube

2011-01-01

181

CILT: Centre for Information on Language Teaching and Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

CILT, the Centre for Information on Language Teaching and Research, is an independent nonprofit agency based in the UK that supports the collection and dissemination of information related to the instruction of modern languages. This extensive site details CILT services, projects, initiatives, and research; provides several lists of authoritative educational publications; and posts a calendar of courses, conferences, and training.

182

An Expressive and Efficient Language for XML Information Retrieval.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses XML and information retrieval and describes a query language, ELIXIR (expressive and efficient language for XML information retrieval), with a textual similarity operator that can be used for similarity joins. Explains the algorithm for answering ELIXIR queries to generate intermediate relational data. (Author/LRW)

Chinenyanga, Taurai Tapiwa; Kushmerick, Nicholas

2002-01-01

183

The Design of a Computer Language for Linguistic Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

A considerable body of accumulated knowledge about the design of languages for communicating information to computers has been derived from the subfields of programming language design and semantics. It has been the goal of the PATR group at SRI to utilize a relevant portion of this knowledge in implementing tools to facilitate communication of linguistic information to computers. The PATR-II

Stuart M. Shieber

1984-01-01

184

Dictionary-based techniques for cross-language information retrieval  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cross-language information retrieval (CLIR) systems allow users to find documents written in different languages from that of their query. Simple knowledge structures such as bilingual term lists have proven to be a remarkably useful basis for bridging that language gap. A broad array of dictionary-based techniques have demonstrated utility, but comparison across techniques has been difficult because evaluation results often

Gina-anne Levow; Douglas W. Oard; Philip Resnik

2005-01-01

185

Information Technologies: Access to Solutions for Sustainable Human Development  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The United Nations Development Program (UNDP) has recently launched Knowledge Broker, a Web portal that provides development experts, government agencies, and private organizations with centralized "access to knowledge, practical solutions, and best practices" for using information technologies to promote sustainable human development. Knowledge Broker interconnects three Websites: INFO21, the Sustainable Development Networking Programme (SDNP), and the HORIZON Communications Solutions Site. INFO21 functions as UNDP's online resource center for information on the relationship between sustainable human development and communications technologies. The SDNP, also a UNDP site, supports connectivity and information-sharing in developing countries. And the HORIZON site, a collaborative project produced by several development research centers, offers "readily accessible peer-reviewed answers to problems in environment, health, population, and development."

1999-01-01

186

19 CFR 356.11 - Procedures for obtaining access to privileged information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...for obtaining access to privileged information. 356.11 Section 356.11...AGREEMENT Proprietary and Privileged Information § 356.11 Procedures for obtaining access to privileged information. (a) Persons who may apply...

2011-04-01

187

19 CFR 356.11 - Procedures for obtaining access to privileged information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...for obtaining access to privileged information. 356.11 Section 356.11...AGREEMENT Proprietary and Privileged Information § 356.11 Procedures for obtaining access to privileged information. (a) Persons who may apply...

2010-04-01

188

16 CFR 6.152 - Program accessibility: Electronic and information technology.  

...accessibility: Electronic and information technology. 6.152 Section 6.152 Commercial...accessibility: Electronic and information technology. (a) When developing, procuring...or using electronic and information technology, the Commission shall ensure,...

2014-01-01

189

39 CFR 255.4 - Accessibility to electronic and information technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Accessibility to electronic and information technology. 255.4 Section 255.4 Postal...FACILITIES, AND ELECTRONIC AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY § 255.4 Accessibility to electronic and information technology. (a) In accordance with...

2010-07-01

190

16 CFR 6.152 - Program accessibility: Electronic and information technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...accessibility: Electronic and information technology. 6.152 Section 6.152 Commercial...accessibility: Electronic and information technology. (a) When developing, procuring...or using electronic and information technology, the Commission shall ensure,...

2011-01-01

191

39 CFR 255.4 - Accessibility to electronic and information technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Accessibility to electronic and information technology. 255.4 Section 255.4 Postal...FACILITIES, AND ELECTRONIC AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY § 255.4 Accessibility to electronic and information technology. (a) In accordance with...

2012-07-01

192

39 CFR 255.4 - Accessibility to electronic and information technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Accessibility to electronic and information technology. 255.4 Section 255.4 Postal...FACILITIES, AND ELECTRONIC AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY § 255.4 Accessibility to electronic and information technology. (a) In accordance with...

2011-07-01

193

39 CFR 255.4 - Accessibility to electronic and information technology.  

...Accessibility to electronic and information technology. 255.4 Section 255.4 Postal...FACILITIES, AND ELECTRONIC AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY § 255.4 Accessibility to electronic and information technology. (a) In accordance with...

2014-07-01

194

39 CFR 255.4 - Accessibility to electronic and information technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Accessibility to electronic and information technology. 255.4 Section 255.4 Postal...FACILITIES, AND ELECTRONIC AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY § 255.4 Accessibility to electronic and information technology. (a) In accordance with...

2013-07-01

195

28 CFR 20.34 - Individual's right to access criminal history record information.  

...Individual's right to access criminal history record information. 20.34 Section...Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.34 Individual's right to access criminal history record information. The...

2014-07-01

196

The PENG System: Integrating Push and Pull for Information Access  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the PENG project that integrates personalized push and pull technologies to access relevant information.\\u000a PENG integrates several key tasks, including personalized filtering, retrieval, and presentation of multimedia news, into\\u000a a single system. In this paper we provide an overview of PENG, describing our approach to constructing a dedicated retrieval\\u000a and content management system for a specific user

Mark Baillie; Gloria Bordogna; Fabio Crestani; Monica Landoni; Gabriella Pasi

2007-01-01

197

Accessing Genetic Information with High-Density DNA Arrays  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rapid access to genetic information is central to the revolution taking place in molecular genetics. The simultaneous analysis of the entire human mitochondrial genome is described here. DNA arrays containing up to 135,000 probes complementary to the 16.6-kilobase human mitochondrial genome were generated by light-directed chemical synthesis. A two-color labeling scheme was developed that allows simultaneous comparison of a polymorphic

Mark Chee; Robert Yang; Earl Hubbell; Anthony Berno; Xiaohua C. Huang; David Stern; Jim Winkler; David J. Lockhart; Macdonald S. Morris; Stephen P. A. Fodor

1996-01-01

198

The Use of Intelligent Information Access Technologies in Digital Libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This paper discusses the use of intelligent information access (IIA) technologies in the development and services of digital\\u000a libraries. After an introduction of the definition, subfields, and the characteristics of IIA, this paper reviews IIA-related\\u000a research that has been recently published at leading digital library conferences. The authors suggest that applying IIA technologies\\u000a to digital libraries may have the potential

Jiangping Chen; Yuhua Li; Gang Li

2006-01-01

199

Multilingual Information Access: the MuST System and its Integration with Systran  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of the MuST [1] project is to develop a prototype system to facilitate not only retrieving documents from multilingual collections, but also to summarize and translate the retrieved document into the user's preferred language. We focus on the integration of state-of-the-art technologies, try to identify the critical path of enabling multilingual information access, and propose possible solutions. As

Chin-Yew Lin; Eduard Hovy

200

The Lemur Toolkit for Language Modeling and Information Retrieval  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sponsored by the Advanced Research and Development Activity in Information Technology (ARDA) under its Statistical Language Modeling for Information Retrieval Research Program, the Lemur Project has recently announced the availability of the Lemur Toolkit for Language Modeling and Information Retrieval, version 1.0. The Lemur Toolkit is designed to help carry out research in areas such as ad hoc and distributed retrieval, cross-language IR, summarization, filtering, and classification. The toolkit supports indexing of large-scale text databases, the construction of simple language models for documents, queries, and more. The system, which is written in C and C++ languages, is designed as a research system to run under Unix operating systems, although it can also run under Windows. As part of the Lemur Project, the Lemur Toolkit is a collaboration between the Computer Science Department at the University of Massachusetts and the School of Computer Science at Carnegie Mellon University.

2002-01-01

201

Information extraction to facilitate translation of natural language legislation  

E-print Network

There is a large body of existing legislation and policies that govern how government organizations and corporations can share information. Since these rules are generally expressed in natural language, it is difficult and ...

Wang, Samuel (Samuel Siyue)

2011-01-01

202

Income, Language, and Citizenship Status: Factors Affecting the Health Care Access and Utilization of Chinese Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effects of income, language, and citizenship on the use of health-care services by Chinese Americans is examined (N=1808). Focus groups, a telephone survey, and key informant interviews were conducted. Data analysis included an acculturation index, demographic profile, and logistical regression. Health insurance and social factors are…

Jang, Michael; Lee, Evelyn; Woo, Kent

1998-01-01

203

Information Technology and Modern Languages in the National Curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

Given the emphasis on the cross-curricular use of information technology in the National Curriculum and the encouragement given by the Modern Foreign Languages Working Group, it is important that the development of the use of computers in modern language teaching is not limited by external factors such as lack of resources for hardware, software and INSET. Unless the value placed

Jeremy Higham

1992-01-01

204

Language Arts Topics and Educational Issues: Information Sheets.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of 29 succinct information articles discusses issues relating to language arts, including whole language, phonics, student evaluation, spelling, and censorship. Some of the authors contributing to the collection are Ken Goodman, Yetta Goodman, Jerome Harste, Patrick Shannon, and Constance Weaver. Titles of articles are: "Learning…

Edelsky, Carole, Ed.

205

Private Land Access and Deer Management in Three Pennsylvania Counties: Key Informants' Perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Access to private land for hunting is critical for deer management. An understanding of current trends in private land access is important for deer management decisions. Key informant interviews were conducted in three Pennsylvania counties to determine current land access issues. This research focused on deer management issues, landowner concerns, recreational access issues, and proposed solutions for improving access to

Coren P. Jagnow; A. E. Luloff; James C. Finley; Gary San Julian

2008-01-01

206

Attacking the information access problem with expert systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The results of applications research directed at finding an improved method of storing and accessing information are presented. Twelve microcomputer-based expert systems shells and five laser-optical formats have been studied, and the general and specific methods of interfacing these technologies are being tested in prototype systems. Shell features and interfacing capabilities are discussed, and results from the study of five laser-optical formats are recounted including the video laser, compact, and WORM disks, and laser cards and film. Interfacing, including laser disk device driver interfacing, is discussed and it is pointed out that in order to control the laser device from within the expert systems application, the expert systems shell must be able to access the device driver software. Potential integrated applications are investigated and an initial list is provided including consumer services, travel, law enforcement, human resources, marketing, and education and training.

Ragusa, James M.; Orwig, Gary W.

1991-01-01

207

Immigrant and Refugee ESL Students' Challenges to Accessing Four-Year College Education: From Language Policy to Educational Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on English as a second language (ESL) students in higher education has traditionally focused on their academic writing, leaving larger issues of their college access and success unexplored. This article examines the challenges that first-generation immigrant and refugee ESL students face in accessing four-year college education through a…

Kanno, Yasuko; Varghese, Manka M.

2010-01-01

208

Computer network access to scientific information systems for minority universities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The evolution of computer networking technology has lead to the establishment of a massive networking infrastructure which interconnects various types of computing resources at many government, academic, and corporate institutions. A large segment of this infrastructure has been developed to facilitate information exchange and resource sharing within the scientific community. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) supports both the development and the application of computer networks which provide its community with access to many valuable multi-disciplinary scientific information systems and on-line databases. Recognizing the need to extend the benefits of this advanced networking technology to the under-represented community, the National Space Science Data Center (NSSDC) in the Space Data and Computing Division at the Goddard Space Flight Center has developed the Minority University-Space Interdisciplinary Network (MU-SPIN) Program: a major networking and education initiative for Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) and Minority Universities (MUs). In this paper, we will briefly explain the various components of the MU-SPIN Program while highlighting how, by providing access to scientific information systems and on-line data, it promotes a higher level of collaboration among faculty and students and NASA scientists.

Thomas, Valerie L.; Wakim, Nagi T.

1993-08-01

209

75 FR 63170 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Avanti Corporation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...information which has been submitted to EPA under all sections...require access to CBI submitted to EPA under all sections...access to information submitted to EPA under all sections...continue until October 31, 2015. If the contract...

2010-10-14

210

78 FR 66697 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Science Applications International Corporation and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FRL-9402-3] Access to Confidential Business Information by Science Applications International Corporation and Its Identified...of McLean, VA, and its subcontractors to access information which has been submitted to EPA under all...

2013-11-06

211

75 FR 78238 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Science Applications International Corporation and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FRL-8857-2] Access to Confidential Business Information by Science Applications International Corporation and Its Identified...CA, and Its Identified Subcontractors, to access information which has been submitted to EPA under all...

2010-12-15

212

76 FR 37111 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Computer Sciences Corporation and Its Identified...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FRL-8879-4] Access to Confidential Business Information by Computer Sciences Corporation and Its Identified Subcontractors AGENCY...VA and Its Identified Subcontractors, to access information which has been submitted to EPA under all...

2011-06-24

213

75 FR 70672 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Computer Sciences Corporation and Its Identified...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FRL-8852-9] Access to Confidential Business Information by Computer Sciences Corporation and Its Identified Subcontractors AGENCY...VA and Its Identified Subcontractors, to access information which has been submitted to EPA under all...

2010-11-18

214

77 FR 76028 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Science Applications International Corporation and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FRL-9373-4] Access to Confidential Business Information by Science Applications International Corporation and Its Identified...Impact Innovations Systems, Inc. (IIS), to access information which has been submitted to EPA under all...

2012-12-26

215

77 FR 69820 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Electronic Consulting Services, Inc., and Its...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...EPA-HQ-OPPT-2003-0004; FRL-9367-1] Access to Confidential Business Information by Electronic Consulting Services, Inc., and Its Identified...may be claimed or determined to be Confidential Business Information (CBI). DATES: Access to the...

2012-11-21

216

22 CFR 1003.5 - Access to personal information from Inter-American Foundation records.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Access to personal information from Inter-American Foundation records. 1003.5 Section 1003.5 Foreign Relations INTER-AMERICAN FOUNDATION RULES SAFEGUARDING PERSONAL...Access to personal information from Inter-American Foundation records. (a) The...

2010-04-01

217

22 CFR 1003.5 - Access to personal information from Inter-American Foundation records.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Access to personal information from Inter-American Foundation records. 1003.5 Section 1003.5 Foreign Relations INTER-AMERICAN FOUNDATION RULES SAFEGUARDING PERSONAL...Access to personal information from Inter-American Foundation records. (a) The...

2013-04-01

218

22 CFR 1003.5 - Access to personal information from Inter-American Foundation records.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Access to personal information from Inter-American Foundation records. 1003.5 Section 1003.5 Foreign Relations INTER-AMERICAN FOUNDATION RULES SAFEGUARDING PERSONAL...Access to personal information from Inter-American Foundation records. (a) The...

2012-04-01

219

22 CFR 1003.5 - Access to personal information from Inter-American Foundation records.  

...Access to personal information from Inter-American Foundation records. 1003.5 Section 1003.5 Foreign Relations INTER-AMERICAN FOUNDATION RULES SAFEGUARDING PERSONAL...Access to personal information from Inter-American Foundation records. (a) The...

2014-04-01

220

22 CFR 1003.5 - Access to personal information from Inter-American Foundation records.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Access to personal information from Inter-American Foundation records. 1003.5 Section 1003.5 Foreign Relations INTER-AMERICAN FOUNDATION RULES SAFEGUARDING PERSONAL...Access to personal information from Inter-American Foundation records. (a) The...

2011-04-01

221

45 CFR 164.524 - Access of individuals to protected health information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Access of individuals to protected health information. 164.524 Section 164.524 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES ADMINISTRATIVE DATA... Privacy of Individually Identifiable Health Information § 164.524 Access...

2010-10-01

222

Access to Max '91 information via computer networks  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Various types of flare information, activity, active region reports, x ray plots and daily Campaign Action notices are now available on SPAN, and INTERNET. Although this system was developed for use by Max '91 participants during campaigns, it is updated daily and maintained at times outside of campaigns. Thus it is available for general use outside of campaigns. The Space Environment Laboratory maintains VAX and Apollo systems, both of which are on INTERNET. The VAX is also on the SPAN network as node SELVAX or 9555. Details of access to files on the VAX are given.

Kiplinger, Alan L.

1989-01-01

223

Disclosure Control of Natural Language Information to Enable Secure and Enjoyable Communication over the Internet  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Disclosure control of natural language information (DCNL), which we are trying to realize, is described. DCNL will be used for securing human communications over the internet, such as through blogs and social network services. Before sentences in the communications are disclosed, they are checked by DCNL and any phrases that could reveal sensitive information are transformed or omitted so that they are no longer revealing. DCNL checks not only phrases that directly represent sensitive information but also those that indirectly suggest it. Combinations of phrases are also checked. DCNL automatically learns the knowledge of sensitive phrases and the suggestive relations between phrases by using co-occurrence analysis and Web retrieval. The users' burden is therefore minimized, i.e., they do not need to define many disclosure control rules. DCNL complements the traditional access control in the fields where reliability needs to be balanced with enjoyment and objects classes for the access control cannot be predefined.

Kataoka, Haruno; Utsumi, Akira; Hirose, Yuki; Yoshiura, Hiroshi

224

Bridging the digital divide: Understanding information access practices in an Indian village community  

E-print Network

. General Terms Human Factors, Design Keywords Digital Divide, Information Need, Information Access 1 to the Internet. A mobile tele- phone company is currently installing a transmitter to provide mobile phone accessBridging the digital divide: Understanding information access practices in an Indian village

Lalmas, Mounia

225

Tailoring Access to Earth Science Data and Information Using ECHO  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Today, users may find it difficult to use the existing interfaces to find, acquire, and use Earth Science data and information. Experience has shown that one size doesn't fit all. We have learned that diverse user communities can leverage information much more efficiently if they have discipline-specific user interfaces tailored to their needs. Earth Observing System ClearingHOuse (ECHO) allows anyone to build their own, personalized client for targeted science and application goals, based on the same interoperable clearinghouse of metadata and services. This enables more varied and flexible data access options and capabilities. A variety of science and application goals can be met through clients built on the same, common ECHO application program interface (API) framework. This poster highlights a set of existing clients based on this common framework and the potential for reuse of existing capabilities in new tools.

Weinstein, B. E.; Burnett, M. T.

2003-12-01

226

AIM Access Request Access to confidential student information is protected under the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA), and  

E-print Network

Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA), and access should only be requested when there is a need to access. NAME (PRINTED) Email Information Partner Approval: Email Adddress is prohibited by the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) of 1974. I acknowledge that I fully

Hart, Gus

227

The Influence of Sentence Context and Accented Speech on Lexical Access in Second-Language Auditory Word Recognition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Until now, research on bilingual auditory word recognition has been scarce, and although most studies agree that lexical access is language-nonselective, there is less consensus with respect to the influence of potentially constraining factors. The present study investigated the influence of three possible constraints. We tested whether language

Lagrou, Evelyne; Harsuiker, Robert J.; Duyck, Wouter

2013-01-01

228

Negotiating Power and Access to Second Language Resources: A Study on Short-Term Chinese MBA Students in America  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

By looking into a group of 13 Chinese master's in business administration students' study abroad experience in the United States, this study contends that being situated in the second language (L2) communicative context does not guarantee international students complete access to language and cultural resources in the host society. Due to limited…

Shi, Xingsong

2011-01-01

229

Foreign Language Teachers' Professional Development in Information Age  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cultivation of students' learning autonomy has raised new challenges to teachers' professional development, dynamic, continuous, lifelong full-scale development, with emphasis on the creativity and constancy of the teachers' quality development. The teachers' professional development can take the following approaches: studying theories about foreign language teaching with the aid of modern information technology; organizing online teaching research activities supported by information technology and carrying peer observation and dialogue -teaching reflection in internet environment and fostering scholarly teachers.

Fan, Xiying; Wu, Gang

230

Cross-language information retrieval using PARAFAC2.  

SciTech Connect

A standard approach to cross-language information retrieval (CLIR) uses Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA) in conjunction with a multilingual parallel aligned corpus. This approach has been shown to be successful in identifying similar documents across languages - or more precisely, retrieving the most similar document in one language to a query in another language. However, the approach has severe drawbacks when applied to a related task, that of clustering documents 'language-independently', so that documents about similar topics end up closest to one another in the semantic space regardless of their language. The problem is that documents are generally more similar to other documents in the same language than they are to documents in a different language, but on the same topic. As a result, when using multilingual LSA, documents will in practice cluster by language, not by topic. We propose a novel application of PARAFAC2 (which is a variant of PARAFAC, a multi-way generalization of the singular value decomposition [SVD]) to overcome this problem. Instead of forming a single multilingual term-by-document matrix which, under LSA, is subjected to SVD, we form an irregular three-way array, each slice of which is a separate term-by-document matrix for a single language in the parallel corpus. The goal is to compute an SVD for each language such that V (the matrix of right singular vectors) is the same across all languages. Effectively, PARAFAC2 imposes the constraint, not present in standard LSA, that the 'concepts' in all documents in the parallel corpus are the same regardless of language. Intuitively, this constraint makes sense, since the whole purpose of using a parallel corpus is that exactly the same concepts are expressed in the translations. We tested this approach by comparing the performance of PARAFAC2 with standard LSA in solving a particular CLIR problem. From our results, we conclude that PARAFAC2 offers a very promising alternative to LSA not only for multilingual document clustering, but also for solving other problems in cross-language information retrieval.

Bader, Brett William; Chew, Peter; Abdelali, Ahmed (New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM); Kolda, Tamara Gibson

2007-05-01

231

Enriching Formal Language Learning with an Informal Social Component  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes an informal component that we added to an online formal language learning environment in order to help the learners reach relevant Internet pages they can freely use to complement their learning activity. Thanks to this facility, each lesson is enriched, at run time, with a number of links automatically retrieved from social…

Dettori, Giuliana; Torsani, Simone

2013-01-01

232

Psycholinguistic Word Information in Second Language Oral Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study uses word information scores from the Medical Research Council (MRC) Psycholinguistic Database to analyse word development in the spontaneous speech data of six adult learners of English as a second language (L2) in a one-year longitudinal study. In contrast to broad measures of lexical development, such as word frequency and lexical…

Salsbury, Tom; Crossley, Scott A.; McNamara, Danielle S.

2011-01-01

233

Information Status and Word Order in Croatian Sign Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the results of research on information structure and word order in narrative sentences taken from signed short stories in Croatian Sign Language (HZJ). The basic word order in HZJ is SVO. Factors that result in other word orders include: reversible arguments, verb categories, locative constructions, contrastive focus, and prior…

Milkovic, Marina; Bradaric-Joncic, Sandra; Wilbur, Ronnie B.

2007-01-01

234

Language features for flexible handling of exceptions in information systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

An exception-handling facility suitable for languages used to implement database-intensive information systems is presented. Such a mechanism facilitates the development and maintenance of more flexible software systems by supporting the abstraction of details concerning special or abnormal occurrences. The type constraints imposed by the schema as well as various semantic integrity assertions are considered to be normalcy conditions, and the

Alexander Borgida

1985-01-01

235

Accessibility of the Nondominant Language in Picture Naming: A Counterintuitive Effect of Dementia on Bilingual Language Production  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study tested the assumption that bilinguals with dementia regress to using primarily the dominant language. Spanish-English bilinguals with probable Alzheimer's disease (AD; n = 29), and matched bilingual controls (n = 42) named Boston Naming Test pictures in their dominant and nondominant languages. Surprisingly, differences between…

Gollan, Tamar H.; Salmon, David P.; Montoya, Rosa I.; da Pena, Eileen

2010-01-01

236

Evidence-Informed Leadership in the Japanese Context: Middle Managers at a University Self-Access Center  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reports on the steering of a self-access learning center in a Japanese university by its "middle management" committee over the first years of its operation. Middle management practice was informed by an ethnographic archive of various facets of center use, particularly concerning language policy and curriculum integration, issues about…

Adamson, John; Brown, Howard

2012-01-01

237

The Effects of Language Relatedness on Multilingual Information Re trieval: A Case Study With Indo-European and Semitic Languages  

Microsoft Academic Search

We explore the effects of language related- ness within a multilingual information re- trieval (IR) framework which can be de- ployed to virtually any language, focusing specifically on Indo-European versus Se- mitic languages. The Semitic languages present unique challenges to IR for a num- ber of reasons, so we set out to answer the question of whether cross-language IR for

Peter A. Chew; Ahmed Abdelali

238

Immigrant and Refugee ESL Students’ Challenges to Accessing Four-Year College Education: From Language Policy to Educational Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research on English as a second language (ESL) students in higher education has traditionally focused on their academic writing, leaving larger issues of their college access and success unexplored. This article examines the challenges that first-generation immigrant and refugee ESL students face in accessing four-year college education through a qualitative interview study at a U.S. public university. Drawing on Bourdieu's

Yasuko Kanno; Manka M. Varghese

2010-01-01

239

Partners on the net: FDLP partnering to coordinate remote access to internet-based government information  

Microsoft Academic Search

In June 1996, the Government Printing Office (GPO) published a plan for its transition to a more electronic Federal Depository Library Program (FDLP). This plan assumes that federal information policy requires that the FDLP provide permanent public access to remotely-accessible electronic government information products and indicates that such access will be provided through a network of partnerships comprised of the

Duncan Aldrich

1998-01-01

240

National and regional health information infrastructures: making use of information technology to promote access to evidence.  

PubMed

The vision for national and regional health information infrastructures (HII) includes provision of a framework that is supportive of access and integration of health information with the goal of improving the health and safety of individuals, public health systems, and nations. Internationally, prominent examples of national and regional HIIs exist that provide a means for achievement of this goal. However, to fully realize benefits, an explicit mechanism is needed for linking national and regional HIIs with existing knowledge, automated processes and evaluation of the ability of HIIs to meet the information needs of primary recipients. Using the United States' Na-tion Health Information Infrastructure (NHII) as an example, the authors describe expansion of the conceptual framework to explicitly acknowledge the role of access to evidence at the overlap between the three dimensions of the NHII to create an "evidence-based" link between interrelated components. The role of national measures in setting e-communication goals and evaluating the evolving infrastructure in meeting informational needs of users is discussed. Additionally, automated knowledge management tools such as practice guidelines are presented as a means by which access to critical information is delivered to users, in a format that is appropriate for their health literacy level and that provides adequate support for informed decision making. PMID:15361000

Dykes, Patricia; Bakken, Suzanne

2004-01-01

241

76 FR 80417 - Request for Information: Public Access to Digital Data Resulting From Federally Funded Scientific...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information: Public Access to Digital Data Resulting From Federally Funded Scientific...broad public access to unclassified digital data that result from federally funded scientific...Council's Interagency Working Group on Digital Data. Release Date: November 3, 2011....

2011-12-23

242

76 FR 68517 - Request for Information: Public Access to Digital Data Resulting From Federally Funded Scientific...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information: Public Access to Digital Data Resulting From Federally Funded Scientific...broad public access to unclassified digital data that result from federally funded scientific...Council's Interagency Working Group on Digital Data. Release Date: November 3, 2011....

2011-11-04

243

76 FR 72403 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Primus Solutions, Inc.  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FRL-9327-9] Access to Confidential Business Information by Primus Solutions, Inc. AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA...SUMMARY: EPA has authorized its contractor, Primus Solutions, Inc., (Primus) of Greenbelt, MD, to access...

2011-11-23

244

76 FR 77224 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Primus Solutions, Inc.  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FRL-9329-3] Access to Confidential Business Information by Primus Solutions, Inc. AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA...SUMMARY: EPA has authorized its contractor, Primus Solutions, Inc. (Primus) of Greenbelt, MD, to access...

2011-12-12

245

Development of a Community Information Service: The National Capital Area Public Access Network (CapAccess)--A Work in Progress.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines the development of an independent, nonprofit online community information network. Governance, information services, Internet access, development and funding, and partnerships are discussed. Community networks as local platforms for pilot projects and their value as local coalitions are explored. Sample menus and screens are included.…

Walsh, R. Taylor

1993-01-01

246

Access Services Education in Library and Information Science Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article defines the elements of Access Services, explains the importance of those aspects in the library, and proposes a course centered on Access Services for library schools. The areas of circulation, interlibrary loan, course reserves, collection maintenance, and public relations are core components of Access Services. Each of those…

McCaslin, David

2009-01-01

247

Interactions between statistical and semantic information in infant language development  

PubMed Central

Infants can use statistical regularities to form rudimentary word categories (e.g. noun, verb), and to learn the meanings common to words from those categories. Using an artificial language methodology, we probed the mechanisms by which two types of statistical cues (distributional and phonological regularities) affect word learning. Because linking distributional cues vs. phonological information to semantics make different computational demands on learners, we also tested whether their use is related to language proficiency. We found that 22-month-old infants with smaller vocabularies generalized using phonological cues; however, infants with larger vocabularies showed the opposite pattern of results, generalizing based on distributional cues. These findings suggest that both phonological and distributional cues marking word categories promote early word learning. Moreover, while correlations between these cues are important to forming word categories, we found infants’ weighting of these cues in subsequent word-learning tasks changes over the course of early language development. PMID:21884336

Lany, Jill; Saffran, Jenny R.

2013-01-01

248

On-Demand Associative Cross-Language Information Retrieval  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper proposes the use of algorithms for mining association rules as an approach for Cross-Language Information Retrieval. These algorithms have been widely used to analyse market basket data. The idea is to map the problem of finding associations between sales items to the problem of finding term translations over a parallel corpus. The proposal was validated by means of experiments using queries in two distinct languages: Portuguese and Finnish to retrieve documents in English. The results show that the performance of our proposed approach is comparable to the performance of the monolingual baseline and to query translation via machine translation, even though these systems employ more complex Natural Language Processing techniques. The combination between machine translation and our approach yielded the best results, even outperforming the monolingual baseline.

Geraldo, André Pinto; Moreira, Viviane P.; Gonçalves, Marcos A.

249

75 FR 24688 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Guident Technologies Inc.’s Identified Subcontractor  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FRL-8821-5] Access to Confidential Business Information by Guident Technologies...determined to be Confidential Business Information (CBI). DATES...Logistics Management Institute of 2000 Corporate Ridge, McLean...operations for the Confidential Business Information Systems and...

2010-05-05

250

76 FR 77817 - Access to Confidential Business Information by CGI Federal, Inc. and Subcontractor, Innovate, Inc.  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FRL-9329-1] Access to Confidential Business Information by CGI Federal...determined to be Confidential Business Information (CBI). DATES...maintenance, troubleshooting problems, and security fixes. In accordance...Environmental protection, Confidential business information. Dated:...

2011-12-14

251

5 CFR 1204.14 - Requests for access to confidential commercial information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...for access to confidential commercial information. 1204.14 Section 1204.14...PROCEDURES AVAILABILITY OF OFFICIAL INFORMATION Procedures for Obtaining Records Under the Freedom of Information Act § 1204.14 Requests...

2011-01-01

252

12 CFR 4.37 - Persons and entities with access to OCC information; prohibition on dissemination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Persons and entities with access to OCC information; prohibition on dissemination. 4...FUNCTIONS, AVAILABILITY AND RELEASE OF INFORMATION, CONTRACTING OUTREACH PROGRAM, POST-EMPLOYMENT...EXAMINERS Release of Non-Public OCC Information § 4.37 Persons and entities...

2010-01-01

253

Language Processing in Children with Cochlear Implants: A Preliminary Report on Lexical Access for Production and Comprehension  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this plenary paper, we present a review of language research in children with cochlear implants along with an outline of a 5-year project designed to examine the lexical access for production and recognition. The project will use auditory priming, picture naming with auditory or visual interfering stimuli (Picture-Word Interference and…

Schwartz, Richard G.; Steinman, Susan; Ying, Elizabeth; Mystal, Elana Ying; Houston, Derek M.

2013-01-01

254

Toward Accessible Assessments: The Promises and Limitations of Test Item Adaptations for Students with Disabilities and English Language Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When do item adaptations veer from their intent and, instead of increasing access, modify the construct being measured? This study analyzed early elementary student achievement data from a statewide field test containing both standard and adapted science items. Four student groups were included in this analysis: English language learners, students…

Cawthon, Stephanie; Leppo, Rachel; Carr, Therese; Kopriva, Rebecca

2013-01-01

255

Internationalizing the Right to Know: Conceptualizations of Access to Information in Human Rights Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Currently there exists a global movement promoting institutional transparency and freedom of information legislation. Conceptualizing access to government-held information as a human right is one of the latest developments in this global trend promoting access to information. The purpose of this dissertation is to identify and analyze the various…

Bishop, Cheryl Ann

2009-01-01

256

MarketNet: Protecting Access to Information Systems Through Financial Market Controls  

E-print Network

a financial economy to regulate the trade and use of access rights in information systems. Resources risks; detect intrusion attacks through automated, uniform sta­ tistical analysis of currency flows­like instruments. Keywords: Information systems protection, access control through currency, information economy

Yemini, Yechiam

257

MarketNet: Protecting Access to Information Systems Through Financial Market Controls  

E-print Network

a financial economy to regulate the trade and use of access rights in information systems. Resources risks; detect intrusion attacks through automated, uniform sta- tistical analysis of currency flows-like instruments. Keywords: Information systems protection, access control through currency, information economy

Yemini, Yechiam

258

Usable and Accessible Plain Language (Easy-to-Read) Network Service  

Microsoft Academic Search

Plain language is language with simplified content, vocabulary and structures. These rules of plain language function quite\\u000a well also in the web, even though the publication environment differs from that of printed media for which the principles\\u000a of plain language were originally created.\\u000a \\u000a Besides the rules concerning typography and content, publishing plain language material on Internet pages presents major requirements

Sami Älli; Kimmo Kyyhkynen; Marianna Ohtonen

2008-01-01

259

Language Micro-gaming: Fun and Informal Microblogging Activities for Language Learning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

'Learning is an active process of constructing rather than acquiring knowledge and instruction is a process of supporting that construction rather than communicating knowledge' [1]. Can this process of learning be fun for the learner? Successful learning involves a mixture of work and fun. One of the recent web 2.0 services that can offer great possibilities for learning is Microblogging [2]. This kind of motivation can raise students' natural curiosity and interest which promotes learning. Play can also promote excitement, enjoyment, and a relaxing atmosphere. As Vygotsky (1933) [3] advocates, play creates a zone of proximal development (ZDP) in children. According to Vygotsky, the ZDP is the distance between one's actual developmental level and one's potential developmental level when interacting with someone and/or something in the social environment [4]. Play can be highly influential in learning. What happens when play becomes informal learning supported by web 2.0 technologies? Practical ideas applied in an Italian foreign language classroom using microblogging to promote fun and informal learning showed that microblogging can enhance motivation, participation, collaboration and practice in basic language skills.

Perifanou, Maria A.

260

Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol (L2TP) Access Line Information Attribute Value Pair (AVP) Extensions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document describes a set of Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol (L2TP) Attribute Value Pair (AVP) extensions designed to carry the subscriber Access Line identification and characterization information that arrives at the Broadband Remote Access Server (BRAS) with L2TP Access Concentrator (LAC) functionality. It also describes a mechanism to report connection speed changes, after the initial connection speeds are sent during

V. Mammoliti; C. Pignataro; P. Arberg; J. Gibbons; P. Howard

2009-01-01

261

Improving access to health information for older migrants by using grounded theory and social network analysis to understand their information behaviour and digital technology use.  

PubMed

Migrant well-being can be strongly influenced by the migration experience and subsequent degree of mainstream language acquisition. There is little research on how older Culturally And Linguistically Diverse (CALD) migrants who have 'aged in place' find health information, and the role which digital technology plays in this. Although the research for this paper was not focused on cancer, we draw out implications for providing cancer-related information to this group. We interviewed 54 participants (14 men and 40 women) aged 63-94 years, who were born in Italy or Greece, and who migrated to Australia mostly as young adults after World War II. Constructivist grounded theory and social network analysis were used for data analysis. Participants identified doctors, adult children, local television, spouse, local newspaper and radio as the most important information sources. They did not generally use computers, the Internet or mobile phones to access information. Literacy in their birth language, and the degree of proficiency in understanding and using English, influenced the range of information sources accessed and the means used. The ways in which older CALD migrants seek and access information has important implications for how professionals and policymakers deliver relevant information to them about cancer prevention, screening, support and treatment, particularly as information and resources are moved online as part of e-health. PMID:25250535

Goodall, K T; Newman, L A; Ward, P R

2014-11-01

262

34 CFR 303.401 - Definitions of consent, native language, and personally identifiable information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Definitions of consent, native language, and personally identifiable information...401 Definitions of consent, native language, and personally identifiable information...consent is sought, in the parent's native language or other mode of...

2010-07-01

263

34 CFR 303.401 - Definitions of consent, native language, and personally identifiable information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...true Definitions of consent, native language, and personally identifiable information...401 Definitions of consent, native language, and personally identifiable information...consent is sought, in the parent's native language or other mode of...

2011-07-01

264

Toward Accessing Spatial Structure from Building Information Models  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Data about building designs and layouts is becoming increasingly more readily available. In the near future, service personal (such as maintenance staff or emergency rescue workers) arriving at a building site will have immediate real-time access to enormous amounts of data relating to structural properties, utilities, materials, temperature, and so on. The critical problem for users is the taxing and error prone task of interpreting such a large body of facts in order to extract salient information. This is necessary for comprehending a situation and deciding on a plan of action, and is a particularly serious issue in time-critical and safety-critical activities such as firefighting. Current unifying building models such as the Industry Foundation Classes (IFC), while being comprehensive, do not directly provide data structures that focus on spatial reasoning and spatial modalities that are required for high-level analytical tasks. The aim of the research presented in this paper is to provide computational tools for higher level querying and reasoning that shift the cognitive burden of dealing with enormous amounts of data away from the user. The user can then spend more energy and time in planning and decision making in order to accomplish the tasks at hand. We present an overview of our framework that provides users with an enhanced model of "built-up space". In order to test our approach using realistic design data (in terms of both scale and the nature of the building models) we describe how our system interfaces with IFC, and we conduct timing experiments to determine the practicality of our approach. We discuss general computational approaches for deriving higher-level spatial modalities by focusing on the example of route graphs. Finally, we present a firefighting scenario with alternative route graphs to motivate the application of our framework.

Schultz, C.; Bhatt, M.

2011-08-01

265

Access to Information and Protection of Privacy -The information on this form is collected under the authority of the Memorial University  

E-print Network

Access to Information and Protection of Privacy - The information on this form is collected under: ____________________________________________________________________________ Email: _______________________________________________@mun.ca Degree

deYoung, Brad

266

Locking of accessible information and implications for the security of quantum cryptography  

E-print Network

The unconditional security of a quantum key distribution protocol is often defined in terms of the accessible information, that is, the maximum mutual information between the distributed key S and the outcome of an optimal measurement on the adversary's (quantum) system. We show that, even if this quantity is small, certain parts of the key S might still be completely insecure when S is used in applications, such as for one-time pad encryption. This flaw is due to a locking property of the accessible information: one additional (physical) bit of information might increase the accessible information by more than one bit.

Robert Koenig; Renato Renner; Andor Bariska; Ueli Maurer

2005-12-02

267

Handling Vagueness, Subjectivity, and Imprecision in Information Access: An Introduction to the Special Issue.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This special issues comprises nine papers presenting a wide selection of approaches to handling subjectivity, vagueness, and imprecision in information retrieval (IR) and database management necessary for success in designing, developing and implementing effective tools for information access. (LRW)

Crestani, Fabio; Pasi, Gabriella

2003-01-01

268

76 FR 40454 - Proposed Information Collection (VSO Access to VHA Electronic Health Records) Activity; Comment...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...establish computer accounts for Veteran Service Officers (VSO) to access VA's Veterans Health Information Systems Technology Architecture (VistA). DATES: Written comments and recommendations on the proposed collection of information should be received...

2011-07-08

269

Arizona Hydrologic Information System Enhanced data accessibility using Web Services  

E-print Network

sustainable long-term archival and documentation, quality assessment and control, discovery, and access. Architecture Built in a highly modular fashion (based on the principles of a `Service Oriented Architecture

Hall, Sharon J.

270

45 CFR 1326.17 - Access to information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Welfare (Continued) OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION ON AGING, OLDER AMERICANS PROGRAMS GRANTS TO INDIAN TRIBES FOR SUPPORT AND NUTRITION SERVICES § 1326.17 Access to...

2013-10-01

271

45 CFR 1326.17 - Access to information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Welfare (Continued) OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION ON AGING, OLDER AMERICANS PROGRAMS GRANTS TO INDIAN TRIBES FOR SUPPORT AND NUTRITION SERVICES § 1326.17 Access to...

2012-10-01

272

7 CFR 1789.160 - Access to information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) USE OF CONSULTANTS FUNDED BY BORROWERS Policy and Procedures With Respect to Consultant Services Funded by Borrowers-General...of access to the work product of the Consultant. All analyses, studies,...

2010-01-01

273

Biowatch South Africa and the Challenges in Enforcing its Constitutional Right to Access to Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the difficulties encountered by Biowatch, a South African civil society environmental organization, in its attempts to obtain access to government information in respect of genetically engineered plants. After establishing the context of South Africa's access to information regime, including a brief discussion of several of its…

Peekhaus, Wilhelm

2011-01-01

274

Policy #3501 Information Technology Access Control Policy 1 OLD DOMINION UNIVERSITY  

E-print Network

Policy #3501 ­ Information Technology Access Control Policy 1 OLD DOMINION UNIVERSITY University. PURPOSE The purpose of this policy is to outline the manner in which access to Old Dominion University. Information Security Officer (ISO) ­ The Old Dominion University employee, appointed by the President

275

Dependent Type Theory for Verification of Information Flow and Access Control Policies  

E-print Network

A Dependent Type Theory for Verification of Information Flow and Access Control Policies ALEKSANDAR and verification system capable of expressing and verifying rich information flow and access control policies via dependent types. We show that a number of security policies which have been formalized separately

Banerjee, Anindya

276

Cyberspatial cognition and individual access to information: the behavioral foundation of cybergeography  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper I will examine individual access to information on the Internet through a cognitive - behavioral perspective. I argue that the objective structure of information resources in cyberspace is not helpful for understanding the experience of individual accessibility in cyberspace. Instead, cyberspatial cognition is crucial in constituting the effective cyber-environment and shaping human cyberspatial behavior. I propose a

Mei-Po Kwan

2001-01-01

277

A distributed intelligent information system with natural language input for ad hoc knowledge discovery in databases  

SciTech Connect

A distributed information system is described which features a graphic user interface incorporating natural language input and which provides ad hoc knowledge discovery in relational databases. The system is comprised of multiple processes which communicate with each other over a network. The knowledge discovery process involves extracting generalizations from data using background knowledge in the form of concept hierarchies and a learning procedure based upon an attribute-oriented induction technique. The natural language understanding process is a parser based on Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar (HPSG), a modern lexicon-based grammar formalism better equipped than older rule-based approaches for handling the often idiosyncratic behavior of words. To generate semantic interpretations, the parser makes use of a process which orders logical access paths in unnormalized databases based on the strength of their dependency structures and on their efficiency of execution.

Fass, D.; Hall, G.; Laurens, O.; McFetridge, P.; Popowich, F.; Rueden, M. von [Simon Fraser Univ., Burnaby, British Columbia (Canada)

1996-11-01

278

Quantifying Access Disadvantage and Gathering Information in Rural and Remote Localities: The Griffith Service Access Frame.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A purely geographic classification is not the best way to measure rural disadvantage in Australia. A service access model is described that incorporates the following elements: population center size; distance, time, and cost of travel to the service center; and a measure of the economic capacity of residents to overcome the cost of travel.…

Griffith, Dennis A.

2003-01-01

279

15 CFR 784.1 - Complementary access: General information on the purpose of complementary access, affected...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...requires that the United States provide the IAEA with complementary access to locations specified in the U.S. declaration. The IAEA may request and be given complementary...agreed to by the U.S. Government. The IAEA, upon request, will be granted...

2010-01-01

280

Evaluating opportunities for expanded information access: a study of the accessibility of four online databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author presents the results of a survey conducted for the purpose of evaluating the accessibility of four proprietary Web-based online resources: EBSCOhost MasterFile Elite, Electric Library Plus, Encyclopaedia Britannica Online, and The Oxford English Dictionary Online. The survey respondents were computer users who are blind or visually impaired and were already comfortable with using the World Wide Web. The

Jennifer Horwath

2002-01-01

281

10 CFR 2.905 - Access to restricted data and national security information for parties; security clearances.  

...2014-01-01 false Access to restricted data and national security information for...Adjudicatory Proceedings Involving Restricted Data and/or National Security Information § 2.905 Access to restricted data and national security information...

2014-01-01

282

10 CFR 2.905 - Access to restricted data and national security information for parties; security clearances.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Access to restricted data and national security information for...Adjudicatory Proceedings Involving Restricted Data and/or National Security Information § 2.905 Access to restricted data and national security information...

2013-01-01

283

10 CFR 2.905 - Access to restricted data and national security information for parties; security clearances.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Access to restricted data and national security information for...Adjudicatory Proceedings Involving Restricted Data and/or National Security Information § 2.905 Access to restricted data and national security information...

2012-01-01

284

Knowledge representation in digital medical documents for efficient information access and retrieval.  

PubMed

Information access and retrieval are essential to serve the delivery and application of evidence-based medicine. The literature provides evidence for the effectiveness of computerization of medical knowledge for increasing compliance with current standards and improving patient outcomes. But all efforts in implementing knowledge-based functions remain limited in respect of either the prolonged exposure to live clinical use, the complexity of knowledge content supported, the dependencies on a technology platform and host system, or the proof of use and content sharing across multiple and varying environments. We have to face currently an information overload, especially in medicine. As a result, efficient ways of implementation of evidence-based care become more and more important. Most of the medical knowledge contained in textbooks, guidelines, journals as well as online resources is text-based. In order to present problem-specific information at the point of care the outlined concept relies on a document-based solution with the eXtensible Markup Language (XML). The adoption of XML as a standard for the publication and interchange of documents creates a great opportunity for better information retrieval. On the basis of structured data we are able to improve the search quality for clinical information which forms a crucial pre-requisite for the implementation of evidence-based care. PMID:14664028

Hoelzer, Simon; Schweiger, Ralf Kurt; Dudeck, Joachim

2003-01-01

285

15 CFR 905.3 - Access to information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...PROCEEDINGS OF INFORMATION COLLECTED BY VOLUNTARY FISHERY DATA COLLECTORS § 905.3 ...information. Information collected by a voluntary fishery data collector: (a) Is subject to disclosure to both the Secretary and the...

2010-01-01

286

15 CFR 905.3 - Access to information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...PROCEEDINGS OF INFORMATION COLLECTED BY VOLUNTARY FISHERY DATA COLLECTORS § 905.3 ...information. Information collected by a voluntary fishery data collector: (a) Is subject to disclosure to both the Secretary and the...

2011-01-01

287

Open access mandate threatens dissemination of scientific information.  

PubMed

The public good is served when researchers can most easily access current, high-quality research through articles that have undergone rigorous peer review and quality control processes. The free market has allowed researchers excellent access to quality research articles through the investment of societies and commercial publishers in these processes for publication of scholarly journals in a wide variety of specialty and subspecialty areas. Government legislation mandating "open access" to copyrighted articles through a government Web site could result in a reduction of financially sustainable peer-reviewed journals and a reduction in the overall quality of articles available as publishers, societies, and authors are forced to hand over their intellectual property or restrict the peer review process because of lost sales opportunities. The public is best served when the work of researchers advances science to its benefit. If researchers have fewer current resources, diminished quality control, or access to fewer trusted peer-reviewed journals, the public could ultimately lose more than it could gain from open access legislation. PMID:18347464

McMullan, Erin

2008-03-01

288

Federated Access to Heterogeneous Information Resources in the Neuroscience Information Framework (NIF)  

PubMed Central

The overarching goal of the NIF (Neuroscience Information Framework) project is to be a one-stop-shop for Neuroscience. This paper provides a technical overview of how the system is designed. The technical goal of the first version of the NIF system was to develop an information system that a neuroscientist can use to locate relevant information from a wide variety of information sources by simple keyword queries. Although the user would provide only keywords to retrieve information, the NIF system is designed to treat them as concepts whose meanings are interpreted by the system. Thus, a search for term should find a record containing synonyms of the term. The system is targeted to find information from web pages, publications, databases, web sites built upon databases, XML documents and any other modality in which such information may be published. We have designed a system to achieve this functionality. A central element in the system is an ontology called NIFSTD (for NIF Standard) constructed by amalgamating a number of known and newly developed ontologies. NIFSTD is used by our ontology management module, called OntoQuest to perform ontology-based search over data sources. The NIF architecture currently provides three different mechanisms for searching heterogeneous data sources including relational databases, web sites, XML documents and full text of publications. Version 1.0 of the NIF system is currently in beta test and may be accessed through http://nif.nih.gov. PMID:18958629

Gupta, Amarnath; Bug, William; Marenco, Luis; Qian, Xufei; Condit, Christopher; Rangarajan, Arun; Müller, Hans Michael; Miller, Perry L.; Sanders, Brian; Grethe, Jeffrey S.; Astakhov, Vadim; Shepherd, Gordon; Sternberg, Paul W.; Martone, Maryann E.

2009-01-01

289

Federated access to heterogeneous information resources in the Neuroscience Information Framework (NIF).  

PubMed

The overarching goal of the NIF (Neuroscience Information Framework) project is to be a one-stop-shop for Neuroscience. This paper provides a technical overview of how the system is designed. The technical goal of the first version of the NIF system was to develop an information system that a neuroscientist can use to locate relevant information from a wide variety of information sources by simple keyword queries. Although the user would provide only keywords to retrieve information, the NIF system is designed to treat them as concepts whose meanings are interpreted by the system. Thus, a search for term should find a record containing synonyms of the term. The system is targeted to find information from web pages, publications, databases, web sites built upon databases, XML documents and any other modality in which such information may be published. We have designed a system to achieve this functionality. A central element in the system is an ontology called NIFSTD (for NIF Standard) constructed by amalgamating a number of known and newly developed ontologies. NIFSTD is used by our ontology management module, called OntoQuest to perform ontology-based search over data sources. The NIF architecture currently provides three different mechanisms for searching heterogeneous data sources including relational databases, web sites, XML documents and full text of publications. Version 1.0 of the NIF system is currently in beta test and may be accessed through http://nif.nih.gov. PMID:18958629

Gupta, Amarnath; Bug, William; Marenco, Luis; Qian, Xufei; Condit, Christopher; Rangarajan, Arun; Müller, Hans Michael; Miller, Perry L; Sanders, Brian; Grethe, Jeffrey S; Astakhov, Vadim; Shepherd, Gordon; Sternberg, Paul W; Martone, Maryann E

2008-09-01

290

Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 2.0: A Further Step towards Accessible Digital Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explain the changes in the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0 compared with WCAG 1.0 within the context of its historical development. Design/methodology/approach: In order to compare WCAG 2.0 with WCAG 1.0 a diachronic analysis of the evolution of these standards is done. Known authors and…

Ribera, Mireia; Porras, Merce; Boldu, Marc; Termens, Miquel; Sule, Andreu; Paris, Pilar

2009-01-01

291

The Legal Framework for Language Access in Healthcare Settings: Title VI and Beyond  

PubMed Central

Over the past few decades, the number and diversity of limited English speakers in the USA has burgeoned. With this increased diversity has come increased pressure—including new legal requirements—on healthcare systems and clinicians to ensure equal treatment of limited English speakers. Healthcare providers are often unclear about their legal obligations to provide language services. In this article, we describe the federal mandates for language rights in health care, provide a broad overview of existing state laws and describe recent legal developments in addressing language barriers. We conclude with an analysis of key policy initiatives that would substantively improve health care for LEP patients. PMID:17957427

Youdelman, Mara K.; Brooks, Jamie

2007-01-01

292

Natural Language Annotations for the Semantic Web  

E-print Network

information, we strongly believe that it should be grounded in the information access method humans are most that natural language is the best information access mechanism for humans; it is intuitive, #12; easy to use be equally accessible by computers using spe­ cialized languages and interchange formats, and humans using

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, InfoLab

293

Accessing health information in a hospital setting: a consumer views study.  

PubMed

Meeting consumers' needs for health information is an important role for all health professionals. A Consumer Views Study was conducted at Flinders Medical Centre (FMC) to ensure strategies for improving access to health information for staff and consumers were congruent with consumers' views. Semi-structured questionnaires were completed by 100 consumers of FMC services. A key finding was the strong preference consumers have for accessing health information through staff members, which confirms the important part that education plays in information provision. A concern was that less than half of the participants were provided with written information. This could be indicative of the difficulties staff have in accessing health information to provide to consumers. Results also showed the important role General Practitioners (GPs) have in providing health information to consumers. Findings have helped shape strategies that focus on coordinated electronic access to quality health information, which will support staff in accessing and providing health information to consumers, and improve direct access to health information for consumers. PMID:15485385

Sandford, Jayne

2003-01-01

294

Accessing word meaning in two languages: An event-related brain potential study of beginning bilinguals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Twenty-eight native-English speakers enrolled in beginning and intermediate university Spanish courses participated in a mixed language semantic categorization task in which critical words were presented in English (L1) and Spanish (L2) and repetitions of these words (within- and between-languages) were presented on subsequent trials (i.e., immediate repetition). Event-related potentials were recorded to all items allowing for comparisons of the N400

Ruben P. Alvarez; Phillip J. Holcomb; Jonathan Grainger

2003-01-01

295

Serving Citizens' Needs: Minimizing Hurdles to Accessing Government Information Online  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the rapid spread of the Internet across society, government institutions are taking advantage of using digital technology to distribute materials to citizens. Is merely having a Web site enough or are there certain usability considerations to which site creators must adhere in order to assure efficient access to online materials? Here, I report on a project that looked at

Eszter Hargittai

296

TAMBIS: Transparent Access to Multiple Bioinformatics Information Sources  

Microsoft Academic Search

The TAMBIS project aims to provide transparent access todisparate biological databases and analysis tools, enablingusers to utilize a wide range of resources with theminimum of effort. A prototype system has beendeveloped that includes a knowledge base of biologicalterminology (the biological Concept Model), a model ofthe underlying data sources (the Source Model) and a`knowledge-driven\\

Patricia G. Baker; Andy Brass; Sean Bechhofer; Carole A. Goble; Norman W. Paton; Robert Stevens

1998-01-01

297

Information theory as a general language for functional systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Function refers to a broad family of concepts of varying abstractness and range of application, from a many-one mathematical relation of great generality to, for example, highly specialized roles of designed elements in complex machines such as degaussing in a television set, or contributory processes to control mechanisms in complex metabolic pathways, such as the inhibitory function of the appropriate part of the lac-operon on the production of lactase through its action on the genome in the absence of lactose. We would like a language broad enough, neutral enough, but yet powerful enough to cover all such cases, and at the same time to give a framework form explanation both of the family resemblances and differences. General logic and mathematics are too abstract, but more importantly, too broad, whereas other discourses of function, such as the biological and teleological contexts, are too narrow. Information is especially suited since it is mathematically grounded, but also has a well-known physical interpretation through the Schrodinger/Brillouin Negentropy. Principle of Information, and an engineering or design interpretation through Shannon's communication theory. My main focus will be on the functions of autonomous anticipatory systems, but I will try to demonstrate both the connections between this notion of function and the others, especially to dynamical systems with a physical interpretation on the one side and intentional systems on the other. The former are based in concepts like force, energy and work, while the latter involve notions like representation, control and purpose, traditionally, at least in Modern times, on opposite sides of the Cartesian divide. In principle, information can be reduced to energy, but it has the advantage of being more flexible, and easier to apply to higher level phenomena.

Collier, John

2000-05-01

298

Cross-Language Information Retrieval Using Latent Semantic Indexing  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this thesis, a method for indexing cross-language databases for conceptual querymatchingis presented. Two languages (Greek and English) are combined by appendinga small portion of documents from one language to the identical documents inthe other language. The proposed merging strategy duplicates less than 7% of theentire database (made up of different translations of the Gospels). Previous strategiesduplicated up to 34%

Paul G. Young

1994-01-01

299

ONLINE Interviews Delores Meglio of Information Access Company.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The vice president of a computerized information center discusses her career history, the development of information services and the database industry, current information technologies and the role of artificial intelligence, characteristics of indexers and abstractors employed, the kind of training needed by abstractors and indexers, and…

Pemberton, Jeffery K.

1987-01-01

300

77 FR 65927 - 60-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Office of Language Services Contractor...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Persons with access to the Internet may use the Federal...of State, Office of Language Services SA- 1, Fourteenth...makes the ``Office of Language Services Contractor...available via the OLS Internet site. Respondents can...Director, Office of Language Services,...

2012-10-31

301

Two Textbook Representations of Second Language Acquisition and Universal Grammar: "Access" and "Constraint."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews two textbooks that introduce generative research on second language acquisition and evaluate existing proposals about the role of universal grammar. Comparison of the two texts provides an opportunity to examine conventions the field uses in representing itself to a novice readership. (Author/VWL)

Thomas, Margaret

2003-01-01

302

Language and Education Orientations in Lithuania: A Cross-Baltic Perspective Post-EU Accession  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents an up-to-date overview of language policies and practices in Lithuania, paying particular attention to the latest developments that have taken place in national educational contexts. Against the background of recent sociodemographic changes in the three Baltic republics, Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia, it analyzes issues…

Bulajeva, Tatjana; Hogan-Brun, Gabrielle

2008-01-01

303

Success story in software engineering using NIAM (Natural language Information Analysis Methodology)  

SciTech Connect

To create an information system, we employ NIAM (Natural language Information Analysis Methodology). NIAM supports the goals of both the customer and the analyst completely understanding the information. We use the customer`s own unique vocabulary, collect real examples, and validate the information in natural language sentences. Examples are discussed from a successfully implemented information system.

Eaton, S.M.; Eaton, D.S.

1995-10-01

304

AccessAbility: Overcoming Information Barriers. Proceedings from the 1987 Spring Meeting of the Nebraska Library Association, College and University Section (Omaha, Nebraska, May 29, 1987).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Various aspects of the theme, "AccessAbility: Overcoming Information Barriers," are considered in the conference papers collected in this document. They include: (1) "The Library Image: A Barrier to Accessibility" (Janice S. Boyer); (2) "The Educationally Disadvantaged Student: How Can the Library Help?" (Michael Poma and Richard Jehlik); (3)…

Kacena, Barbara J., Ed.

305

Proximity-based access control for context-sensitive information provision in SOA-based systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) has enabled open-architecture integration of applications within an enterprise. For net-centric Command and Control (C2), this elucidates information sharing between applications and users, a critical requirement for mission success. The Information Technology (IT) access control schemes, which arbitrate who gets access to what information, do not yet have the contextual knowledge to dynamically allow this information sharing to happen dynamically. The access control might prevent legitimate users from accessing information relevant to the current mission context, since this context may be very different from the context for which the access privileges were configured. We evaluate a pair of data relevance measures - proximity and risk - and use these as the basis of dynamic access control. Proximity is a measure of the strength of connection between the user and the resource. However, proximity is not sufficient, since some data might have a negative impact, if leaked, which far outweighs importance to the subject's mission. For this, we use a risk measure to quantify the downside of data compromise. Given these contextual measures of proximity and risk, we investigate extending Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC), which is used by the Department of Defense, and Role-Based Access Control (RBAC), which is widely used in the civilian market, so that these standards-based access control models are given contextual knowledge to enable dynamic information sharing. Furthermore, we consider the use of such a contextual access control scheme in a SOA-based environment, in particular for net-centric C2.

Rajappan, Gowri; Wang, Xiaofei; Grant, Robert; Paulini, Matthew

2014-06-01

306

78 FR 13394 - 30-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Office of Language Services Contractor...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Department of State, Office of Language Services, the information...OLS makes the ``Office of Language Services Contractor Application Form'' available via the OLS Internet site. Respondents can submit...Hufford, Director,Office of Language Services, Department of...

2013-02-27

307

Scale of Adaptive Information Technology Accessibility for Postsecondary Students with Disabilities (SAITAPSD): A Preliminary Investigation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The responses of 81 Canadian junior and community college students with disabilities were used to develop and evaluate the Scale of Adaptive Information Technology Accessibility for Postsecondary Students with Disabilities (SAITAPSD). This is an 18-item self-administered tool that evaluates computing accessibility for and by students with various…

Fichten, Catherine S.; Nguyen, Mai N.; Barile, Maria; Asuncion, Jennison V.

2007-01-01

308

Enhancing Access to Information: Designing Catalogs for the 21st Century.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book addresses the problem of when a library has limited catalog access, and explores various technological methods to expand the catalog beyond its traditional boundaries. Fourteen chapters describe catalog projects in individual libraries: (1) "Enhancing Access to Information: Building Catalogs for the Future" (David A. Tyckoson); (2) "The…

Tyckoson, David A., Ed.

309

77 FR 12284 - Access to Confidential Business Information; Protection Strategies Incorporated  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...contractor, Protection Strategies Incorporated (PSI) of Arlington, VA, to access information...Order Number EP-G12H- 00323, contractor PSI of 2300 9th Street South, Suite 400, Arlington...Task Order Number EP-G12H-00323, PSI will require access to CBI submitted...

2012-02-29

310

48 CFR 352.239-73 - Electronic information and technology accessibility.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Information about Section 508 is available at http://www.section508.gov/. The...508 Final Provisions can be accessed at http://www.access-board.gov/sec508...the HHS Office on Disability Web site (http://www.hhs.gov/od )....

2010-10-01

311

Effects of Iconicity and Semantic Relatedness on Lexical Access in American Sign Language  

PubMed Central

Iconicity is a property that pervades the lexicon of many sign languages, including American Sign Language (ASL). Iconic signs exhibit a motivated, non-arbitrary mapping between the form of the sign and its meaning. We investigated whether iconicity enhances semantic priming effects for ASL and whether iconic signs are recognized more quickly than non-iconic signs (controlling for strength of iconicity, semantic relatedness, familiarity, and imageability). Twenty deaf signers made lexical decisions to the second item of a prime-target pair. Iconic target signs were preceded by prime signs that were a) iconic and semantically related, b) non-iconic and semantically related, or c) semantically unrelated. In addition, a set of non-iconic target signs was preceded by semantically unrelated primes. Significant facilitation was observed for target signs when preceded by semantically related primes. However, iconicity did not increase the priming effect (e.g., the target sign PIANO was primed equally by the iconic sign GUITAR and the non-iconic sign MUSIC). In addition, iconic signs were not recognized faster or more accurately than non-iconic signs. These results confirm the existence of semantic priming for sign language and suggest that iconicity does not play a robust role in on-line lexical processing. PMID:20919784

Bosworth, Rain G.; Emmorey, Karen

2010-01-01

312

10 CFR 2.905 - Access to restricted data and national security information for parties; security clearances.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Access to restricted data and national security information for parties; security clearances. 2.905 Section 2.905 Energy...Proceedings Involving Restricted Data and/or National Security Information § 2.905 Access to...

2011-01-01

313

User Modeling for Information Access Based on Implicit Feedback  

E-print Network

a user's preferences for academic and professional journal articles, and exploring whether retention + , and Kathleen Romanik = * College of Information Studies University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 and College of Information Studies University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742­4345 oard

Golbeck, Jennifer

314

User Modeling for Information Access Based on Implicit Feedback  

E-print Network

a user's preferences for academic and professional journal articles, and exploring whether retention+ , and Kathleen Romanik= * College of Information Studies University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 and College of Information Studies University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742-4345 oard

Golbeck, Jennifer

315

Expanding Access to Information with Z39.50.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Z39.50 information protocol standard and how it will simplify the ability to acquire electronic information. The role of the Z39.50 standard in facilitating communication between computers, its significance to librarians, and the potential of the protocol are discussed. How the standard works is discussed in terms of client/server…

Ward, Maribeth

1994-01-01

316

Web information management with access control Serge Abiteboul  

E-print Network

. The statements can be com- municated, replicated, queried, and updated, while keeping track of time of the information using time and trace of communication, and 6. possibly other kinds of information that we together an application for the event that she will share with the members of her rock- climbing group, Roc

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

317

Information Access through Electronic Databases for Rural Public Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To compile a list of recommended electronic databases for rural libraries, public library patron questions received by the Arizona State Reference Center were searched on ten databases. The results indicated Books in Print, Magazine Database, ABI/INFORM, Public Affairs Information System (PAIS), and Government Printing Office (GPO) Publications…

Canepi, Kitti

1997-01-01

318

The Influence of Information Technology Access on Agricultural Research in Nigeria.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the relationship between accessibility to information technology and research publications among users of agricultural libraries in Nigeria. Discusses results of a questionnaire that investigated the use of electronic information resources and considers the effects of information technology and globalization on the economies of developing…

Jimba, Samuel Wodi; Atinmo, Morayo Ibironke

2000-01-01

319

ACCESS TO INFORMATION: THE DILEMMA FOR RURAL COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA  

Microsoft Academic Search

The provision of information services in Africa has been dispersed and access to various information services has become more difficult; the principal victims of these developments have been rural people without having any individual means of becoming literate, due to them being too illiterate, too young, too old, too poor or too ill because of the economic and information poverty.

Manir Abdullahi Kamba

320

47 CFR 79.105 - Video description and emergency information accessibility requirements for all apparatus.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Telecommunication 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Video description and emergency information accessibility... BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES CLOSED CAPTIONING AND VIDEO DESCRIPTION OF VIDEO PROGRAMMING § 79.105 Video description...

2013-10-01

321

47 CFR 79.106 - Video description and emergency information accessibility requirements for recording devices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Telecommunication 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Video description and emergency information accessibility... BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES CLOSED CAPTIONING AND VIDEO DESCRIPTION OF VIDEO PROGRAMMING § 79.106 Video description...

2013-10-01

322

PennAccess: Laboratory for Research on the Structure of Matter Entrance Information  

E-print Network

PennAccess: Laboratory for Research on the Structure of Matter Entrance Information: 3231 Walnut. Hours: · The Laboratory for Research on the Structure of Matter is open to the public: Monday through

Plotkin, Joshua B.

323

75 FR 43460 - Nondiscrimination on the Basis of Disability; Accessibility of Web Information and Services of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...RIN 1190-AA61 Nondiscrimination on the Basis of Disability; Accessibility of Web Information...rights law prohibiting discrimination on the basis of disability. The ADA broadly protects...disabilities from discrimination on the basis of disability in services,...

2010-07-26

324

Medical data mining : improving information accessibility using online patient drug reviews  

E-print Network

We address the problem of information accessibility for patients concerned about, pharmaceutical drug side effects and experiences. We create a new corpus of online patient-provided drug reviews and present our initial ...

Li, Yueyang Alice

2011-01-01

325

Towards a Theoretical Framework for Informal Language Learning via Interactive Television  

E-print Network

television. We argue that mapping current language learning theories onto learners' expressed attitudes to a informal language learning. KEYWORDS Adult learning, incidental learning, informal learning, language-desktop" technologies is attracting increasing interest amongst researchers in informal, adult and lifelong learning

Masthoff, Judith

326

The Non-Joiners: Why Migrant Muslim Women Aren't Accessing English Language Classes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines why migrant Muslim women do not take up their entitlement to English classes within the Adult Migrant English Program in Australia as frequently as other groups of migrants. Interviewed 23 Muslim migrant women from a number of different ethnic backgrounds and three key informants. Concludes that these women may be discouraged from…

Rida, Anne; Milton, Marion

2001-01-01

327

Rapid access to information resources in clinical biochemistry: medical applications of Personal Digital Assistants (PDA)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Laboratory specialists currently need to access scientific-based information at anytime and anywhere. A considerable period\\u000a of time and too much effort are required to access this information through existing accumulated data. Personal digital assistants\\u000a (PDA) are supposed to provide an effective solution with commercial software for this problem. In this study, 11 commercial\\u000a software products (UpToDate, ePocrates, Inforetrive, Pepid, eMedicine,

Muhittin A. Serdar; Mustafa Turan; Murat Cihan

2008-01-01

328

32 CFR 505.5 - Individual access to personal information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...mental or physical health of the individual...the name of a personal health care provider, and the records will be provided...identifiable health information. (e) Personal notes. (1...not Privacy Act records and are not...

2010-07-01

329

32 CFR 505.5 - Individual access to personal information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...mental or physical health of the individual...the name of a personal health care provider, and the records will be provided...identifiable health information. (e) Personal notes. (1...not Privacy Act records and are not...

2013-07-01

330

32 CFR 505.5 - Individual access to personal information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...mental or physical health of the individual...the name of a personal health care provider, and the records will be provided...identifiable health information. (e) Personal notes. (1...not Privacy Act records and are not...

2011-07-01

331

32 CFR 505.5 - Individual access to personal information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...mental or physical health of the individual...the name of a personal health care provider, and the records will be provided...identifiable health information. (e) Personal notes. (1...not Privacy Act records and are not...

2012-07-01

332

7 CFR 3405.16 - Access to peer review information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...CSREES will, upon request, inform the project director of the reasons for its decision...of summary reviews, not including the identity of the peer reviewers, will be made available to respective project directors upon specific...

2011-01-01

333

7 CFR 3405.16 - Access to peer review information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...CSREES will, upon request, inform the project director of the reasons for its decision...of summary reviews, not including the identity of the peer reviewers, will be made available to respective project directors upon specific...

2010-01-01

334

7 CFR 3406.23 - Access to peer review information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...request, inform the principal investigator/project director of the reasons for its decision...of summary reviews, not including the identity of the peer reviewers, will be made...the respective principal investigator/project directors upon specific...

2011-01-01

335

7 CFR 3406.23 - Access to peer review information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...request, inform the principal investigator/project director of the reasons for its decision...of summary reviews, not including the identity of the peer reviewers, will be made...the respective principal investigator/project directors upon specific...

2010-01-01

336

LanguageBased Information Erasure Stephen Chong Andrew C. Myers  

E-print Network

information security policies that incor­ porate both declassification and erasure. Many real­world systems­ izations of noninterference that accommodate erasure and declassification. 1. Introduction Information flow of information within a system. An important (and largely overlooked) aspect of information flow is that real­world

Chong, Stephen

337

Ontology-Based Federated Data Access to Human Studies Information  

PubMed Central

Human studies are one of the most valuable sources of knowledge in biomedical research, but data about their design and results are currently widely dispersed in siloed systems. Federation of these data is needed to facilitate large-scale data analysis to realize the goals of evidence-based medicine. The Human Studies Database project has developed an informatics infrastructure for federated query of human studies databases, using a generalizable approach to ontology-based data access. Our approach has three main components. First, the Ontology of Clinical Research (OCRe) provides the reference semantics. Second, a data model, automatically derived from OCRe into XSD, maintains semantic synchrony of the underlying representations while facilitating data acquisition using common XML technologies. Finally, the Query Integrator issues queries distributed over the data, OCRe, and other ontologies such as SNOMED in BioPortal. We report on a demonstration of this infrastructure on data acquired from institutional systems and from ClinicalTrials.gov. PMID:23304360

Sim, Ida; Carini, Simona; Tu, Samson W.; Detwiler, Landon T.; Brinkley, James; Mollah, Shamim A.; Burke, Karl; Lehmann, Harold P.; Chakraborty, Swati; Wittkowski, Knut M.; Pollock, Brad H.; Johnson, Thomas M.; Huser, Vojtech

2012-01-01

338

Home News Sport Radio TV Weather Languages UK version International version | About the versions Low graphics | Accessibility help  

E-print Network

Home News Sport Radio TV Weather Languages UK version International version | About the versions the essay-marking process. "Trying to analyse children's handwriting is a completely unexplored domain-olds). The children were asked to read a passage about American First Ladies and use the information within to answer

339

75 FR 13751 - Office of English Language Acquisition; Overview Information; Language Enhancement, and Academic...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Arabic, Chinese, Korean, Japanese, Russian, and languages in the Indic, Iranian...high-quality review of the relevant literature, a high- quality plan for project...is based on a review of the relevant literature, including a review of available...

2010-03-23

340

Access to abortion information denied to Irish women.  

PubMed

In Ireland abortion and information relating to pregnancy termination are illegal. In June of 1991 the struggle to lift the ban on abortion information currently pending in European Courts suffered a set back when the European Court's Advocate General Walter Van Gervan backed the Irish ban. He stated that the Court must respect the legitimate differences of policy when they involve moral and ethical issues. The statement is expected to have a significant influential bearing on the final decision of the court. The case involves members of Irish Student Unions and is only one of several cases currently in the European Court concerning the freedom of abortion information in Ireland. Abortion has been illegal in Ireland since the 1861 Offenses against the Person Act which outrightly prohibited the voluntary termination of pregnancy under any circumstances. During the 20th century Irish women have traveled to England to seek abortion services. The current push by anti-choice groups started when contraception was legalized in 1980 and they feared that the abortion prohibition would be removed. The groups backed the Prime Minister Garrett Fitzgerald who supported their ideas. The result was a referendum to modify the constitution to include a stated right to life. This was passed in September 1983. The anti-choice amendment, article 40.3.3, guarantees the right to life of the unborn. It was this amendment that allowed the anti-choice groups to begin their attack on a abortion information which ultimately led to the currently pending court case. Currently there is an underground network of concerned women that distribute information in the form of phone numbers of abortion clinics in England that must be written on bathroom walls because it is currently the only way to get the information to women who need it. PMID:12284547

O'brien, J

1991-09-01

341

Modeling the efficient access of full-text information  

SciTech Connect

The title of this paper describes a research goal set by many offices within US DOE. This paper reviews efficient full-text searching techniques being developed to better understand and meet this goal. Classical computer human interaction (CHI) approaches provided by commercial information retrieval (IR) engines fail to contextualize information in ways that facilitate timely decision making. Use of advanced CHI techniques (eg, visualization) in combination with deductive database technology augment the weaknesses found in presentation capabilities of IR engines and are discussed. Various techniques employed in a Web-based prototype system currently under development are presented.

Bernard, M.; Kero, R.; Korp, P.; McCusker-Whiting, M.; Tsur, S. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Dunlap, K.; Johnson, L. [USDOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

1996-05-01

342

The influence of chronically and temporarily accessible information on life satisfaction judgments.  

PubMed

The authors examined the influence of temporarily and chronically accessible information on life satisfaction judgments. Meta-analyses revealed high retest-reliability of life satisfaction judgments and weak effects of the item order of domain and global satisfaction judgments. Study 1 (N=225) failed to replicate a widely cited finding of strong item-order effects. In Studies 2 (N=100), 3 (N=200), and 4 (N=222), chronically accessible information was a strong predictor of life satisfaction judgments, whereas item order had a relatively small effect. Study 5 (N=651) demonstrated that the results generalize to single item measures and judgments of shorter time periods. The results suggest that life satisfaction judgments are more heavily based on chronically accessible than temporarily accessible information. PMID:16248721

Schimmack, Ulrich; Oishi, Shigehiro

2005-09-01

343

Searching for Bridges between Formal and Informal Language Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Life in the contemporary society and ongoing globalisation processes result in growing demands on educators, including language teachers in higher education. The frequently accentuated so-called postmethod approach to foreign language teaching gives teachers a lot of freedom and flexibility but also creates a large space for various types of…

Brebera, Pavel; Hlouskova, Jitka

2012-01-01

344

Information technology and new entrants to modern language teaching  

Microsoft Academic Search

Modern linguists taking up their first teaching post are likely to meet widely varying situations in schools in terms of hard-ware and software provision and of the level and pattern of usage in modern languages departments.BBC computers and their variants still dominate in many modern languages departments and despite their limitations cannot be discounted in terms of preparing new entrants

Gary Chambers; Jeremy Higham

1993-01-01

345

Tablets for Informal Language Learning: Student Usage and Attitudes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile-assisted language learning (MALL), a relatively new area of CALL inquiry, is gaining more and more attention from language educators with the development of new mobile devices. Tablet computers--featuring high mobility, convenient network connectivity, and smart application extendibility--are part of a wave of the latest mobile inventions;…

Chen, Xiao-Bin

2013-01-01

346

Information provided by: National African Language Resource Center (NALRC)  

E-print Network

in the East African region. There are many benefits of knowing the Swahili language, including the fact, Germany, England and various Asian countries also went to East Africa. Each group left its mark on both. It is spoken as a native language on the East coast of Africa and the islands adjacent to the coast from

347

Clear It Up: Plain Language in Government Health Information  

MedlinePLUS

... find and use health information. We host a health literacy web site that provides tips and tools for ... be more effective communicators. We also provide free health literacy training for anyone working to communicate health information ...

348

Pitfalls of Information Access with Visualizations in Remote Collaborative Analysis  

E-print Network

and pairs showed evidence of more confirmation bias. They discussed fewer hypotheses and persisted overload, confirmation bias, empirical studies, computer-mediated communication. ACM Classification, particularly confirmation bias--the tendency to seek out information that confirms what one already thinks

Mankoff, Jennifer

349

POLICY FOR THE PROTECTION OF PERSONAL INFORMATION AGAINST INTERNATIONAL ACCESS  

E-print Network

Fingerprints, blood type, or inheritable characteristics o Medical or personal history o Educational, financial, criminal or employment history o Personal views or opinions PLEASE NOTE: If the above information of international affiliations: (Give the full name of the company, place of operation(s), whether owned or part

Brownstone, Rob

350

Accessible Information Policy and Procedures Commencement Date: 30 March, 2010  

E-print Network

authored by a Curtin staff member and intended for Curtin students, staff or visitors. Print Disability with a learning disability or other perceptual disability Universal Design Is the design of products: Information Management Campus Life Teaching and Learning Human Resources 1. PURPOSE Curtin University

351

Access and use of information resources by Massachusetts  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the way in which the Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection uses risk assessment to implement the state`s environmental laws. It focuses on the Office of Research and Standards, which was created to provide information on adverse health effects of environmental contaminants, to recommend exposure levels, and to direct and manage research programs.

West, C.R. [Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection, Boston (United States)

1990-12-31

352

Knowledge Organization and Access in a Conceptual Information System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the System for Conceptual Information Summarization, Organization, and Retrieval (SCISOR), which is designed to parse and understand short newspaper stories on corporate takeovers. Highlights include issues involved in developing memory organization and retrieval components, theoretical considerations involved in the system design, and a…

Rau, Lisa F.

1987-01-01

353

Unheard voices: a qualitative exploration of fathers' access of child safety information.  

PubMed

To gain an understanding about fathers' perspectives and practices related to accessing information on childhood safety. Qualitative interviews were carried out with 32 fathers of children aged 2-7 years in British Columbia, Canada. Interview questions investigated whether fathers accessed information on child safety issues, the type of information they searched for, and the resources they used. Transcripts were examined using thematic content analysis. Fathers reported varied processes for searching for information and emphasized a need for credible, synthesized information. The internet was the source of child safety information fathers mentioned most frequently. Published information, resources from community organizations including general, educational and health organizations and access to personal connections were also seen as important. Fathers' involvement in childcare is growing and they play a significant role in ensuring children's safety. Increasing fathers' knowledge on safety related practices can contribute to a reduction in childhood injuries. The results of this study provide an in-depth exploration of fathers' perspectives and practices that can inform the design of materials and dissemination strategies to help increase and optimize access to safety information. PMID:22875235

Olsen, Lise L; Kruse, Sami; Brussoni, Mariana

2013-02-01

354

Access to information about famous individuals in Alzheimer's disease.  

PubMed

Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients and normal adults were tested in two complementary recognition tasks. On each trial of the faces task, participants matched the photograph of a famous individual to one of four names. On each tial of the names task, participants matched the name of a famous individual to one of four photographs. The AD patients made enough consistent errors across the two tasks to suggest an impairment in the storage of information about the individuals. In addition, they made enough inconsistent errors to suggest a generalized retrieval deficit. The AD patients performed as well on the faces taslk as on the names task, providing no evidence of a specialized deficit in the retrieval of lexical information. PMID:9220263

Dopkins, S; Kovner, R; Rich, J B; Brandt, J

1997-06-01

355

TAMBIS: Transparent Access to Multiple Bioinformatics Information Sources  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary: TAMBIS is an application that allows biologists to ask rich and complex questions over a range of bioinformatics resources. It is based on a model of the knowledge of the concepts and their relationships in molecular biology and bioinformatics. Availability: TAMBIS is available as an applet from http:\\/\\/img.cs.man.ac.uk\\/tambis. Supplementary Information: A full user manual, tutorial and videos can be

Robert Stevens; Patricia G. Baker; Sean Bechhofer; Ng Gary; Alex Jacoby; Norman W. Paton; Carole A. Goble; Andy Brass

2000-01-01

356

TAMBIS: Transparent Access to Multiple bioinformatics Information Sources  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Summary: TAMBIS is an application that allows biologists to ask rich and complex questions over a range of bioinformatics resources. It is based on a model of the knowledge,of the concepts and their relationships in molecular biology and bioinformatics. Availability: TAMBIS is available as an applet from http:\\/\\/img.cs.man.ac.uk\\/tambis. Supplementary Information: A full user manual, tutorial and videos can be

R. D. Stevens; P. G. Baker; S. Bechhofer; G. Ng; A. Jacoby; N. Paton; C. A. Goble; A. Brass

357

Information system architecture to support transparent access to distributed, heterogeneous data sources  

SciTech Connect

Quality situation assessment and decision making require access to multiple sources of data and information. Insufficient accessibility to data exists for many large corporations and Government agencies. By utilizing current advances in computer technology, today`s situation analyst`s have a wealth of information at their disposal. There are many potential solutions to the information accessibility problem using today`s technology. The United States Department of Energy (US-DOE) faced this problem when dealing with one class of problem in the US. The result of their efforts has been the creation of the Tank Waste Information Network System -- TWINS. The TWINS solution combines many technologies to address problems in several areas such as User Interfaces, Transparent Access to Multiple Data Sources, and Integrated Data Access. Data related to the complex is currently distributed throughout several US-DOE installations. Over time, each installation has adopted their own set of standards as related to information management. Heterogeneous hardware and software platforms exist both across the complex and within a single installation. Standards for information management vary between US-DOE mission areas within installations. These factors contribute to the complexity of accessing information in a manner that enhances the performance and decision making process of the analysts. This paper presents one approach taken by the DOE to resolve the problem of distributed, heterogeneous, multi-media information management for the HLW Tank complex. The information system architecture developed for the DOE by the TWINS effort is one that is adaptable to other problem domains and uses.

Brown, J.C.

1994-08-01

358

Exploiting latent semantic information in statistical language modeling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Statistical language models used in large-vocabulary speech recognition must properly encapsulate the various constraints, both local and global, present in the language. While local constraints are readily captured through n-gram modeling, global constraints, such as long-term semantic dependencies, have been more difficult to handle within a data-driven formalism. This paper focuses on the use of latent semantic analysis, a paradigm

JEROME R. BELLEGARDA

2000-01-01

359

Access to Information and Protection of Privacy -The information on this form is collected under the authority of the Memorial University  

E-print Network

Access to Information and Protection of Privacy - The information on this form is collected under/TOWN:____________________________________ PROVINCE/STATE: ____________________________________ POSTAL CODE:_________________________________ EMAIL

deYoung, Brad

360

Use and perceptions of information among family physicians: sources considered accessible, relevant, and reliable  

PubMed Central

Objectives: The research determined (1) the information sources that family physicians (FPs) most commonly use to update their general medical knowledge and to make specific clinical decisions, and (2) the information sources FPs found to be most physically accessible, intellectually accessible (easy to understand), reliable (trustworthy), and relevant to their needs. Methods: A cross-sectional postal survey of 792 FPs and locum tenens, in full-time or part-time medical practice, currently practicing or on leave of absence in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan was conducted during the period of January to April 2008. Results: Of 666 eligible physicians, 331 completed and returned surveys, resulting in a response rate of 49.7% (331/666). Medical textbooks and colleagues in the main patient care setting were the top 2 sources for the purpose of making specific clinical decisions. Medical textbooks were most frequently considered by FPs to be reliable (trustworthy), and colleagues in the main patient care setting were most physically accessible (easy to access). Conclusions: When making specific clinical decisions, FPs were most likely to use information from sources that they considered to be reliable and generally physically accessible, suggesting that FPs can best be supported by facilitating easy and convenient access to high-quality information. PMID:23405045

Kosteniuk, Julie G.; Morgan, Debra G.; D'Arcy, Carl K.

2013-01-01

361

Internet Information-Seeking and Its Relation to Support for Access to Government Records  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public access to government records is essential for democratic self-governance, and attitudes toward that right can facilitate or hinder public policy regarding transparency. As more people use the internet for gathering information about their governments and communities, it is unknown whether such online information-seeking is related to…

Cuillier, David; Piotrowski, Suzanne J.

2009-01-01

362

Access to Electronic Government Information through the GPO's Depository Library Program: An Update.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief overview of recent policy initiatives--in addition to existing statutes and regulations--that may affect the Government Printing Office (GPO) Depository Library Program's (DLP) role in the dissemination of electronic government information identifies selected trends that may affect the public's access to electronic information through…

McClure, Charles R.

363

The Internet as a Reference Tool: Accessing Scientific and Technical Information via the World Wide Web.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Los Alamos National Laboratory's Research Library has developed a World Wide Web (WWW) page to allow laboratory staff, as well as individuals from around the world, access to information via the Internet. While many Web pages offer information solely on the organization, the Los Alamos National Laboratory page provides links to reference materials…

Mosier, Mona L.

364

Information Literacy Skills Training: A Factor in Student Satisfaction with Access to High Demand Material  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a survey of Business and Government, Law and Information Sciences students carried out at the University of Canberra, results showed that in-curricula information literacy skills training had a greater impact on students' satisfaction with access to high demand material than the purchase of additional copies of books. This paper will discuss…

Perrett, Valerie

2010-01-01

365

TITLE: SANCTIONS FOR UNAUTHORIZED ACCESS, USE OR DISCLOSURE OF PROTECTED HEALTH INFORMATION  

E-print Network

business reason. 3. Failing to follow established Information Security policies and procedures when for legitimate and authorized business reasons. 5. Copying or compiling PHI with the intent to sell or use accessing, using or disclosing protected health information including failing to logoff from an application

Grishok, Alla

366

On2broker: Semantic-Based Access to Information Sources at the WWW.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On2broker provides brokering services to improve access to heterogeneous, distributed, and semistructured information sources as they are presented in the World Wide Web. It relies on the use of ontologies to make explicit the semantics of Web pages. This paper discusses the general architecture and main components (i.e., query engine, information

Fensel, Dieter; Angele, Jurgen; Decker, Stefan; Erdmann, Michael; Schnurr, Hans-Peter; Staab, Steffen; Studer, Rudi; Witt, Andreas

367

Phantom Access Agent: a Client-Side Approach to Personal Information Control  

E-print Network

or inconvenient for users to avoid revealing personal information. In this paper, we present the Phantom Access to share or not share personal information, PAA runs on users' local computers, avoiding dependency, including PAA. Author Info Helen Nissenbaum (CONTACT) Daniel C. Howe Dept. of Culture & Communication

Nissenbaum, Helen

368

An Information-Theoretic Approach to Resource Consumption Minimization for Dynamic Spectrum Access Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information-theoretic limits on resource consumption are employed to obtain analytical methods for conducting tradeoffs between power, bandwidth, and time for cognitive radio transmissions in ad hoc dynamic spectrum access networks. A quantitative measure of resource consumption is applied to the design and evaluation of protocols for adaptive modulation and coding. The application of information theory to the minimization of resource

Michael B. Pursley; Thomas C. Royster IV

2010-01-01

369

Fogler Library Fogler Library provides access to information essential to teaching, research, and service  

E-print Network

Fogler Library Mission Fogler Library provides access to information essential to teaching of Fogler Library is to identify and provide the information and library resources needed by members of the University community in their study, teaching, research, public service, and professional development

Thomas, Andrew

370

Public library computer training for older adults to access high-quality Internet health information  

Microsoft Academic Search

An innovative experiment to develop and evaluate a public library computer training program to teach older adults to access and use high-quality Internet health information involved a productive collaboration among public libraries, the National Institute on Aging and the National Library of Medicine of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and a Library and Information Science (LIS) academic program at

Bo Xie; Julie M. Bugg

2009-01-01

371

Protection of Privacy and Access to Information at the University of Guelph  

E-print Network

publications3 . The University also institutes measures to protect the personal privacy of those who work, the Mental Health Act and the Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act.4 To the extentProtection of Privacy and Access to Information at the University of Guelph 1. Introduction

Matsakis, Pascal

372

Accessing Canadian Federal Information: A Depository Program for the Twenty-First Century?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the current status and future of Canada's Depository Service Program (DSP) for government information. The first section discusses the depository model, including changes due to information technology and decentralization of government authority. Access and preservation are addressed in the second section, including the…

Gnassi, Bruno

373

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access A flood-based information flow analysis  

E-print Network

network minimization and information flow analysis across various "omics" levels. Keywords: Network flood of acquisition, representation, analysis, and integration of many heterogeneous and seemingly disparate sourcesRESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access A flood-based information flow analysis and network minimization

Tagkopoulos, Ilias

374

The Content and Accessibility of Sex Education Information on the Internet  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this studywas to describe Web sites with sex education material and assess the accessibility of specific information on the Internet. First, the authors conducted a review of Web sites using specific sex education keywords. Second, 27 undergraduate students were asked to locate information on proper condom use and sexually transmitted disease (STD) symptoms. The time, number of

Meghan Smith; Emily Gertz; Sarah Alvarez; Peter Lurie

2000-01-01

375

Document language models, query models, and risk minimization for information retrieval  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a framework for information retrieval that combines document models and query models using a probabilistic ranking function based on Bayesian decision theory. The framework suggests an operational retrieval model that extends recent developments in the language modeling approach to information retrieval. A language model for each document is estimated, as well as a language model for each query,

John D. Lafferty; Chengxiang Zhai

2001-01-01

376

Towards a Theoretical Framework for Informal Language Learning Via Interactive Television  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes a pedagogical framework for informal language learning services via interactive television. We argue that mapping current language learning theories onto learners' expressed attitudes to a) their language learning and b) interactive television can provide a sound pedagogical framework for iTV based language learning services. Based on this framework, we suggest a number of possible interactive features that

Lyn Pemberton; Sanaz Fallahkhair; Judith Masthoff

2004-01-01

377

Toward Exploiting Location-Based and Video Information in Negotiated Access Control Policies  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a As the global information infrastructure is becoming more and more ubiquitous, digital business transactions are increasingly\\u000a performed using a variety of mobile devices and across multiple communication channels. In this new paradigm of pervasive\\u000a access, a much richer context representation regarding both users and the resources they access could be available to applications,\\u000a potentially supporting highly expressive and intelligent policies

Ernesto Damiani; Marco Anisetti; Valerio Bellandi

2005-01-01

378

Using Prosodic Information to Constrain Language Models for Spoken Dialogue  

E-print Network

for predicting which kind of game move a given utterance constitutes, by performing an analysis of the utterance our system on dialogues in the Map Task domain, using data from two English corpora, referred system, we report here just on the theo­ retical constraint achieved in the language model, expressed

Edinburgh, University of

379

Chinese Teachers' Views of Western Language Teaching: Context Informs Paradigms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Exploration of the views of 24 Chinese teachers of English on the effectiveness of "western" language-teaching methods revealed their beliefs that the communicative approach was applicable to students planning to visit an English-speaking country. Suggestions are presented for helping teachers overcome sociolinguistic limitations in English…

Burnaby, Barbara; Sun, Yilin

1989-01-01

380

Environmental Information Management For Data Discovery and Access System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mercury is a federated metadata harvesting, search and retrieval tool based on both open source software and software developed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. It was originally developed for NASA, and the Mercury development consortium now includes funding from NASA, USGS, and DOE. A major new version of Mercury was developed during 2007 and released in early 2008. This new version provides orders of magnitude improvements in search speed, support for additional metadata formats, integration with Google Maps for spatial queries, support for RSS delivery of search results, and ready customization to meet the needs of the multiple projects which use Mercury. For the end users, Mercury provides a single portal to very quickly search for data and information contained in disparate data management systems. It collects metadata and key data from contributing project servers distributed around the world and builds a centralized index. The Mercury search interfaces then allow ! the users to perform simple, fielded, spatial and temporal searches across these metadata sources. This centralized repository of metadata with distributed data sources provides extremely fast search results to the user, while allowing data providers to advertise the availability of their data and maintain complete control and ownership of that data.

Giriprakash, P.

2011-01-01

381

A language design and implementation for geospatial information services chaining  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Geospatial Information that service from public organizations and authorities are significantly increasing e.g., JPL OnEarth, GeoBrain, Google, and so on. Those geospatial information services rely on various existing Web technologies such as Web Service, OGC Web Services, REST, and GeoRSS. There are several formats of geospatial data which are published via the standard protocol HTTP such as GML, KML,

Sanphet Chunithipaisan; Soravis Supavetch

2011-01-01

382

Parsing a Natural Language Using Mutual Information Statistics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to characterize aconstituent boundary parsing algorithm, using aninformation-theoretic measure called generalizedmutual information, which serves as an alternativeto traditional grammar-based parsing methods.This method is based on the hypothesisthat constituent boundaries can be extracted froma given sentence (or word sequence) by analyzingthe mutual information values of the part-ofspeech n-grams within the sentence. This hypothesisis supported ...

David M. Magerman; Mitchell P. Marcus

1990-01-01

383

The Western New York Health Resources Project: developing access to local health information.  

PubMed Central

The Western New York Health Resources Project was created to fill a gap in online access to local health information resources describing the health of a defined geographic area. The project sought to identify and describe information scattered among many institutions, agencies, and individuals, and to create a database that would be widely accessible. The project proceeded in three phases with initial phases supported by grant funding. This paper describes the database development and selection of content, and concludes that a national online network of local health data representing the various geographic regions of the United States would contribute to the quality of health care in general. PMID:9681168

Gray, S A; O'Shea, R; Petty, M E; Loonsk, J

1998-01-01

384

42 CFR 433.127 - Termination of FFP for failure to provide access to claims processing and information retrieval...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...access to claims processing and information retrieval systems. 433.127 Section...Mechanized Claims Processing and Information Retrieval Systems § 433.127 ...to claims processing and information retrieval systems. CMS...

2013-10-01

385

42 CFR 433.127 - Termination of FFP for failure to provide access to claims processing and information retrieval...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...access to claims processing and information retrieval systems. 433.127 Section...Mechanized Claims Processing and Information Retrieval Systems § 433.127 ...to claims processing and information retrieval systems. CMS...

2012-10-01

386

42 CFR 433.127 - Termination of FFP for failure to provide access to claims processing and information retrieval...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...access to claims processing and information retrieval systems. 433.127 Section...Mechanized Claims Processing and Information Retrieval Systems § 433.127 ...to claims processing and information retrieval systems. CMS...

2010-10-01

387

42 CFR 433.127 - Termination of FFP for failure to provide access to claims processing and information retrieval...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...access to claims processing and information retrieval systems. 433.127 Section...Mechanized Claims Processing and Information Retrieval Systems § 433.127 ...to claims processing and information retrieval systems. CMS...

2011-10-01

388

Natural Language Technology for Information Integration in Business Intelligence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Business intelligence requires the collecting and merging of information from many dierent sources, both structured and unstruc- tured, in order to analyse for example financial risk, operational risk factors, follow trends and perform credit risk management. While tradi- tional data mining tools make use of numerical data and cannot easily be applied to knowledge extracted from free text, traditional informa-

Diana Maynard; Horacio Saggion; Milena Yankova; Kalina Bontcheva; Wim Peters

2007-01-01

389

Relational Learning Techniques for Natural Language Information Mary Elaine Cali  

E-print Network

Extraction Approved by Dissertation Committee: Raymond Mooney Risto Miikkulainen Bruce Porter Benjamin help and encouragement, including William Cohen, Robert van de Geijn, and many of my fellow graduate, 1998 Supervisor: Raymond Mooney The recent growth of online information available in the form

Mooney, Raymond J.

390

The ‘language’ of informatics: The nature of information systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is the second paper in a series examining the fundamental nature of informatics. The aim of the current paper is to provide a more detailed account of the concept of an information system based upon an earlier paper entitled Informatics and the Inca. The paper also builds upon the content of the first paper in this series entitled Neolithic

Paul Beynon-Davies

2009-01-01

391

Evaluation of Automated Natural Language Processing in the Further Development of Science Information Retrieval.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report describes advances in computerized natural language processing (NLP) and relates them to present and potential functions of information systems. Section 1 summarizes developments in the information field which have led to a renewed interest in ...

N. Sager

1976-01-01

392

ScienceCentral: open access full-text archive of scientific journals based on Journal Article Tag Suite regardless of their languages  

PubMed Central

ScienceCentral, a free or open access, full-text archive of scientific journal literature at the Korean Federation of Science and Technology Societies, was under test in September 2013. Since it is a Journal Article Tag Suite-based full text database, extensible markup language files of all languages can be presented, according to Unicode Transformation Format 8-bit encoding. It is comparable to PubMed Central: however, there are two distinct differences. First, its scope comprises all science fields; second, it accepts all language journals. Launching ScienceCentral is the first step for free access or open access academic scientific journals of all languages to leap to the world, including scientific journals from Croatia. PMID:24266292

Huh, Sun

2013-01-01

393

Technology-Assisted Patient Access to Clinical Information: An Evaluation Framework for Blue Button  

PubMed Central

Background Patient access to clinical information represents a means to improve the transparency and delivery of health care as well as interactions between patients and health care providers. We examine the movement toward augmenting patient access to clinical information using technology. Our analysis focuses on “Blue Button,” a tool that many health care organizations are implementing as part of their Web-based patient portals. Objective We present a framework for evaluating the effects that technology-assisted access to clinical information may have on stakeholder experiences, processes of care, and health outcomes. Methods A case study of the United States Department of Veterans Affairs' (VA) efforts to make increasing amounts of clinical information available to patients through Blue Button. Drawing on established collaborative relationships with researchers, clinicians, and operational partners who are engaged in the VA’s ongoing implementation and evaluation efforts related to Blue Button, we assessed existing evidence and organizational practices through key informant interviews, review of documents and other available materials, and an environmental scan of published literature and the websites of other health care organizations. Results Technology-assisted access to clinical information represents a significant advance for VA patients and marks a significant change for the VA as an organization. Evaluations of Blue Button should (1) consider both processes of care and outcomes, (2) clearly define constructs of focus, (3) examine influencing factors related to the patient population and clinical context, and (4) identify potential unintended consequences. Conclusions The proposed framework can serve as a roadmap to guide subsequent research and evaluation of technology-assisted patient access to clinical information. To that end, we offer a series of related recommendations. PMID:24675395

Nazi, Kim M; Luger, Tana M; Amante, Daniel J; Smith, Bridget M; Barker, Anna; Shimada, Stephanie L; Volkman, Julie E; Garvin, Lynn; Simon, Steven R; Houston, Thomas K

2014-01-01

394

Informal politics and inequity of access to health care in Lebanon  

PubMed Central

Introduction Despite the importance of political institutions in shaping the social environment, the causal impact of politics on health care access and inequalities has been understudied. Even when considered, research tends to focus on the effects of formal macro-political institutions such as the welfare state. We investigate how micro-politics and informal institutions affect access to care. Methods This study uses a mixed-methods approach, combining findings from a household survey (n?=?1789) and qualitative interviews (n?=?310) in Lebanon. Multivariate logistic regression was employed in the analysis of the survey to examine the effect of political activism on access to health care while controlling for age, sex, socioeconomic status, religious commitment and piety. Results We note a significantly positive association between political activism and the probability of receiving health aid (p?informants also reveal that, although a form of “universal coverage” exists in Lebanon whereby any citizen is eligible for coverage of hospitalization fees and treatments, in practice, access to health services is used by political parties and politicians as a deliberate strategy to gain and reward political support from individuals and their families. Conclusions Individuals with higher political activism have better access to health services than others. Informal, micro-level political institutions can have an important impact on health care access and utilization, with potentially detrimental effects on the least politically connected. A truly universal health care system that provides access based on medical need rather than political affiliation is needed to help to alleviate growing health disparities in the Lebanese population. PMID:22571591

2012-01-01

395

Dementia information for culturally and linguistically diverse communities: sources, access and considerations for effective practice.  

PubMed

Providing information about dementia has been shown to produce immense benefits for people living with dementia and their carers. The dementia information needs of culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) families have not been comprehensively investigated. Addressing this research gap, the current study examines the perspectives of a range of stakeholders - CALD family caregivers (Arabic, Chinese, Italian and Spanish speaking), bilingual and bicultural workers, bilingual general practitioners and geriatricians - about dementia-related information. The study focussed on sources of information, issues of access and considerations for improving information provision. The main findings that are relevant for improving policy and practice are: the need for a more strategic and coordinated approach to dissemination structures and processes, a greater emphasis on supporting and enhancing the interpersonal aspects of information provision, the need for a greater range of information for CALD communities and the need to ensure information resources and processes reflect the circumstances and needs of these communities. PMID:23069361

Boughtwood, Desiree; Shanley, Christopher; Adams, Jon; Santalucia, Yvonne; Kyriazopoulos, Helena; Pond, Dimity; Rowland, Jeffrey

2012-01-01

396

10 CFR 727.5 - What acknowledgment and consent is required for access to information on DOE computers?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...required for access to information on DOE computers? 727.5 Section 727.5 Energy...TO INFORMATION ON DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY COMPUTERS § 727.5 What acknowledgment and...required for access to information on DOE computers? An individual may not be...

2012-01-01

397

10 CFR 727.5 - What acknowledgment and consent is required for access to information on DOE computers?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...required for access to information on DOE computers? 727.5 Section 727.5 Energy...TO INFORMATION ON DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY COMPUTERS § 727.5 What acknowledgment and...required for access to information on DOE computers? An individual may not be...

2013-01-01

398

10 CFR 727.5 - What acknowledgment and consent is required for access to information on DOE computers?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...required for access to information on DOE computers? 727.5 Section 727.5 Energy...TO INFORMATION ON DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY COMPUTERS § 727.5 What acknowledgment and...required for access to information on DOE computers? An individual may not be...

2011-01-01

399

10 CFR 727.5 - What acknowledgment and consent is required for access to information on DOE computers?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...required for access to information on DOE computers? 727.5 Section 727.5 Energy...TO INFORMATION ON DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY COMPUTERS § 727.5 What acknowledgment and...required for access to information on DOE computers? An individual may not be...

2010-01-01

400

10 CFR 727.5 - What acknowledgment and consent is required for access to information on DOE computers?  

...required for access to information on DOE computers? 727.5 Section 727.5 Energy...TO INFORMATION ON DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY COMPUTERS § 727.5 What acknowledgment and...required for access to information on DOE computers? An individual may not be...

2014-01-01

401

Information matching the content of visual working memory is prioritized for conscious access.  

PubMed

Visual working memory (VWM) is used to retain relevant information for imminent goal-directed behavior. In the experiments reported here, we found that VWM helps to prioritize relevant information that is not yet available for conscious experience. In five experiments, we demonstrated that information matching VWM content reaches visual awareness faster than does information not matching VWM content. Our findings suggest a functional link between VWM and visual awareness: The content of VWM is recruited to funnel down the vast amount of sensory input to that which is relevant for subsequent behavior and therefore requires conscious access. PMID:24121415

Gayet, Surya; Paffen, Chris L E; Van der Stigchel, Stefan

2013-12-01

402

The geographical accessibility of hospitals to the aged: a geographic information systems analysis within Illinois.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE. This article uses geographic information systems and their related tools to empirically measure and display the geographic accessibility of the aged population to hospital facilities within Illinois. DATA SOURCES AND STUDY SETTING. Geographic accessibility of Illinois' aged population is measured from each of the state's 10,796 census block groups to the state's 214 hospital facilities. Block group demographic compositions and centroids are obtained from 1990 census files. Hospital coordinates are obtained by the authors. STUDY DESIGN. Of five alternative measures of accessibility considered, empirical estimates are obtained for two: choice set and minimum distance. Access to both general hospitals and the subset having specialized geriatric facilities is measured with special attention to differences in accessibility between the aged within metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs) and those outside MSAs. Cumulative accessibility distributions and their summary statistics provide a basis of comparison among subgroups. DATA COLLECTION AND EXTRACTION. Geographic information systems (GIS) and their related tools are used as a means of efficiently capturing, organizing, storing, and retrieving the required data. Hospitals and census block groups are geocoded to specific locations in the database, and aspatial attributes are assigned to the hospitals and block groups. The GIS database is queried to produce shaded isarithm and point distribution maps that show the location of hospitals relative to surrounding aged populations. CONCLUSION. The vast majority of Illinois' aged population is within close proximity to hospital facilities. Eighty percent (1,147,504 persons) of the aged in Illinois are within 4.8 miles (7.7 km) of a hospital and 11.6 miles (18.7 km) of two hospitals. However, geographic accessibility differences between the aged living in MSAs and those living outside MSAs to hospitals offering geriatric services are substantial; but there is no evidence that the aged's geographical accessibility to hospitals is less favorable than that of the general population. Detailed accessibility measures permitted by geographic information system technology call into question the continued use of crude empirical accessibility measures. Images Figure 2 PMID:7860317

Love, D; Lindquist, P

1995-01-01

403

CoLaLab investigates the complex system we call human language, focusing on information  

E-print Network

computational models of the nervous system on robots and on parallel computing platforms. The Human InformationCoLaLab investigates the complex system we call human language, focusing on information acquisition and extraction. Synlab explores the cognitive neuroscience of syntactic structure building in human language

Barrett, Jeffrey A.

404

Pervasive informatics and persistent actimetric information in health smart homes : From Language Model to Location Model  

E-print Network

Pervasive informatics and persistent actimetric information in health smart homes : From Language. Pervasive informatics and persistent actimetric information in health smart homes : From Language Model, this approach seems to be a good way of location modelling. Index Terms--smart flats for elderly people

Fouquet, Yannick

405

A Persuasion Dialog for Gaining Access to Information Laurent Perrussel1  

E-print Network

A Persuasion Dialog for Gaining Access to Information Laurent Perrussel1 , Sylvie Doutre1 , Jean.e. arguments they consider as the more persuasive. Multi-agent dialog based on argumentation [18, 17, 22, 16 studied. These preferences over arguments help agents to characterize their own acceptable arguments which

McBurney, Peter

406

Differential impact of brain damage on the access mode to memory representations: an information theoretic approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Different access modes to information stored in long-term memory can lead to different distributions of errors in classification tasks. We have designed a famous faces memory classification task that allows for the extraction of a measure of metric content, an index of the relevance of semantic cues for classification performance. High levels of metric content are indicative of a relatively

Rosapia Lauro-Grotto; Elisa Ciaramelli; Carolina Piccini; Alessandro Treves

2007-01-01

407

Instant Access in Forensics: Issues Created by the Internet and Electronic Information Systems in Forensic Competition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although technology has created endless benefits for society, these benefits are accompanied by increased responsibilities and dangers. On-line research and the internet have completely altered the surface of forensics. Advantages of using the internet are the access to a wealth of information, which could constitute an equalizer for smaller…

Scott, Shannon

408

On2broker: Semantic-Based Access to Information Sources at the WWW  

Microsoft Academic Search

On2broker provides brokering services to improve access to heterogeneous, distributed and semistructured information sources as they are presented in the World Wide Web. It relies on the use of ontologies to make explicit the semantics of web pages. In the paper we will discuss the general architecture and main components of On2broker and provide some application scenarios.

Dieter Fensel; Jürgen Angele; Stefan Decker; Michael Erdmann; Hans-peter Schnurr; Steffen Staab; Rudi Studer; Andreas Witt

1999-01-01

409

76 FR 24862 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Protocol for Access to Tissue Specimen Samples...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Protocol for Access to Tissue Specimen Samples From the National Marine Mammal Tissue...opportunity to request tissue specimen samples from the NMMTB and, (2) to enable the...specimen banking information sheet for every sample submitted to the Bank. Methods of...

2011-05-03

410

A Unifying Framework for Flexible Information Access in Taxonomy-based Sources1  

E-print Network

A Unifying Framework for Flexible Information Access in Taxonomy-based Sources1 Yannis Tzitzikas2 spyratos@lri.fr Abstract. A taxonomy-based source consists of a taxonomy and a database storing objects that are indexed in terms of the taxonomy. For this kind of sources, we describe a flexible interaction scheme

Tzitzikas, Yannis

411

Access to Information and Instructional Technologies in Higher Education I: Disability Service Providers' Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Views and concerns of the professionals who deliver disability-related services at Canadian postsecondary education institutions about access to information and instructional technologies are presented. Findings are based on structured interviews with 156 individuals who represent 80% of the population of Canadian campus-based disability service…

Fichten, Catherine S.; Asuncion, Jennison V.; Barile, Maria; Fossey, Myrtis E.; Robillard, Chantal; Judd, Darlene; Wolforth, Joan; Senecal, Joanne; Genereux, Christian; Guimont, Jean-Pierre; Lamb, Daniel; Juhel, Jean-Charles

2004-01-01

412

Information campaign and advocacy efforts to promote access to emergency contraception in Mexico  

Microsoft Academic Search

Emergency contraception (EC) has the potential to reduce unwanted pregnancy significantly, in Mexico as elsewhere. Recent years have seen tremendous growth in programs and research devoted to expanding access to emergency methods worldwide. In Mexico we developed a comprehensive model introduction effort that included four components: provider training, public information (through a dedicated hotline and website, free media, paid radio

Charlotte Ellertson; Angela Heimburger; Dolores Acevedo-Garcia; Raffaela Schiavon; Guillermina Mejia; Georgina Corona; Eduardo del Castillo; Ana Langer

2002-01-01

413

Request for Access to UNL Student Information Systems University of Nebraska-Lincoln  

E-print Network

records should not be taken home. 3. Accessing or reviewing a student academic record without a legitimate information to any student or university organization without the student's written permission. 6. Leaving the student's name, dates of attendance, degrees granted, date of degrees, college, major, classification

Farritor, Shane

414

Econobiophysics - game of choosing. Model of selection or election process with diverse accessible information  

PubMed Central

We propose several models applicable to both selection and election processes when each selecting or electing subject has access to different information about the objects to choose from. We wrote special software to simulate these processes. We consider both the cases when the environment is neutral (natural process) as well as when the environment is involved (controlled process). PMID:21892959

2011-01-01

415

Enhancing Health Literacy through Accessing Health Information, Products, and Services: An Exercise for Children and Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The second National Health Education Standard states the importance of student demonstration of the ability to access valid health information and services. The teaching technique presented in this article provides an opportunity for children and adolescents to develop their health literacy and advocacy skills by contributing to a class resource…

Brey, Rebecca A.; Clark, Susan E.; Wantz, Molly S.

2007-01-01

416

Information Retrieval Systems Retrieved? An Alternative to Present Dial Access Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The expense of a dial access information retrieval system (DIARS) is weighed against its benefits. Problems of usage and efficacy for the student are outlined. A fully automated system is proposed instead, and its cost-saving features are pointed out. (MS)

Hofmann, Norbert

1976-01-01

417

Adaptable and Adaptive Information Access for All Users, Including the Disabled and the Elderly  

E-print Network

Adaptable and Adaptive Information Access for All Users, Including the Disabled and the Elderly and the pres- entation of web pages to each individual user. The special needs of elderly and handi- capped, residents, travel agency clerks, elderly people, blind persons, wheelchair-bound people, and users

Kobsa, Alfred

418

A study of smoothing methods for language models applied to Ad Hoc information retrieval  

Microsoft Academic Search

Language modeling approaches to information retrieval are attractive and promising because they connect the problem of retrieval with that of language model estimation, which has been studied extensively in other application areas such as speech recognition. The basic idea of these approaches is to estimate a language model for each document, and then rank documents by the likelihood of the

Chengxiang Zhai; John D. Lafferty

2001-01-01

419

The Hmong Language: Sounds and Alphabets. General Information Series, No. 14. Indochinese Refugee Education Guides.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this guide is to provide Americans working with the Hmongs with: (1) some practical information on the Hmongs, their origins and language; (2) a detailed description of the sounds of the Hmong language; and (3) a discussion on Hmong as an unwritten language. This is the first of three guides to be published on the Hmongs, a people…

Center for Applied Linguistics, Arlington, VA.

420

Mobile City and Language Guides--New Links between Formal and Informal Learning Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the major challenges in second and foreign language education, is to create links between formal and informal learning environments. Mobile City and Language Guides present examples of theoretical and practical reflections on such links. This paper presents and discusses the first considerations of Mobile City and Language Guides in…

Bo-Kristensen, Mads; Ankerstjerne, Niels Ole; Neutzsky-Wulff, Chresteria; Schelde, Herluf

2009-01-01

421

Support for Interactive Document Selection in Cross-Language Information Retrieval  

Microsoft Academic Search

As digital libraries grow to global scale, the provision of interactive access to content in many languages will become increasingly important. In systems that support query-based searching, the presence of multilingual content will affect both the search technology itself and the user interface components that support query formulation, document selection and query refinement. This article describes the interactions among these

Douglas W. Oard; Philip Resnik

1999-01-01

422

The Roles of Libraries and the Private Sector: Policy Principles for Assuring Public Access to U.S. Federal Government Information. A Viewpoint.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses policy principles that information provider companies agree upon, including the public's right of access to information; equality of access; diverse information sources; monopoly control of public information; fees for access; and public participation in decisions about access. Funding for the depository library system and new federal…

Massant, Eric J.

1994-01-01

423

A user profile-based approach for personal information access: shaping your information portfolio  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the spread of internet, internet-based information service business has started to become profitable. One of the key technologies is personalization. Successful internet information services must realize personalized information delivery, by which the users can automatically receive highly tuned information according to their personal needs and preferences. In order to realize such personalized information services, we have developed an automatic

Lo Ka Kan; Xiang Peng; Irwin King

2006-01-01

424

Extracting information from S-curves of language change  

E-print Network

It is well accepted that adoption of innovations are described by S-curves (slow start, accelerating period, and slow end). In this paper, we analyze how much information on the dynamics of innovation spreading can be obtained from a quantitative description of S-curves. We focus on the adoption of linguistic innovations for which detailed databases of written texts from the last 200 years allow for an unprecedent statistical precision. Combining data analysis with simulations of simple models (e.g., the Bass dynamics on complex networks) we identify signatures of endogenous and exogenous factors in the adoption curves. We propose a measure to quantify the strength of these factors and three different methods to estimate it from S-curves. We obtain cases in which the exogenous factors are dominant (in the adoption of German orthographic reforms and of one irregular verb) and cases in which endogenous factors are dominant (in the adoption of conventions for romanization of Russian names and in the regularizati...

Ghanbarnejad, Fakhteh; Miotto, Jose M; Altmann, Eduardo G

2014-01-01

425

Facilitating Access to Biodiversity Information: A Survey of Users' Needs and Practices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Biodiversity information is essential for understanding and managing the environment. However, identifying and providing the forms and types of biodiversity information most needed for research and decision-making is a significant challenge. While research needs and data gaps within particular topics or regions have received substantial attention, other information aspects such as data formats, sources, metadata, and information tools have received little. Focusing on the US southeast, a region of global biodiversity importance, this paper assesses the biodiversity information needs of environmental researchers, managers, and decision makers. Survey results of biodiversity information users' information needs, information-seeking behaviors and preferred information source attributes support previous conclusions that useful biodiversity information must be easily and quickly accessible, available in forms that allow integration and visualization and appropriately matched to users' needs. Survey results concerning additional information aspects suggest successful participation in both the creation and provision of biodiversity information include an increased focus on information search and other tools for data management, discovery, and description.

Davis, Miriam L. E. Steiner; Tenopir, Carol; Allard, Suzie; Frame, Michael T.

2014-03-01

426

HowTo-update-MyAccess-personal-info.docx:06/19/2012 1 of 2 How to update your personal information in MyAccess ...  

E-print Network

HowTo-update-MyAccess-personal-info.docx:06/19/2012 1 of 2 How to update your personal information Line 2" ... ex: Engineering Science Bldg Rm G40 Enter "Address Line 3" ... ex: PO Box 6101 #12;How Number. ... You do get some campus mail with this information. click next select TYPE=MAILING Enter

Mohaghegh, Shahab

427

Consumer access to health information on the internet: health policy implications  

PubMed Central

Background Providers of health care usually have much better information about health and health care interventions than do consumers. The internet is an important and rapidly evolving source of global health-related information and could provide a means of correcting for asymmetric information. However, little is known about who accesses this information and how it is used in New Zealand. The aims of this research were to: determine the nature of the health information sought, how respondents use the information, how helpful they perceive the information to be, and the self-assessed value of such information. Methods The researchers conducted an anonymous five minute telephone and mall intercept survey of randomly selected Wellington residents who had searched for health-related information on the internet. Investigators entered the data into an Excel spreadsheet and transferred it to SPSS for data cleaning, data exploration and statistical analysis. Search time costs were based on the opportunity cost of income foregone and respondents were asked to provide a money value for the information found. Results Eighty-three percent of respondents accessed the internet from home, and 87% conducted the search for themselves. Forty-five percent of people were looking for general health and nutrition information, 42% for data about a specific illness and 40% for a medicine. After finding the information, 58% discussed it with a family member/ friend/ workmate, 36% consulted a general practitioner, 33% changed their eating or drinking habits, and 13% did nothing. Respondents found the information very quick to find and useful. It took them on average 0.47 hours and cost $12 (opportunity cost of time) to find the information. The average value of the data found was $60 and the net benefit to the consumer was $48 ($60 – $12). Conclusion The results of this research could assist providers of health information via the internet to tailor their websites to better suit users' needs. Given the high perceived value of internet health information (greater than the average general practitioner fee) and the fact that some of the information found may be unreliable or even unsafe a valuable public health policy initiative would be to provide an improved New Zealand health information website containing information on how to evaluate data sourced from the world-wide-web and links to a range of useful and trustworthy health information sites. PMID:15985172

Scott, W Guy; Scott, Helen M; Auld, Terry S

2005-01-01

428

CytoAccess, a relational laboratory information management system for a clinical cytogenetics laboratory.  

PubMed

We developed a CytoAccess laboratory management system based on the widely used Microsoft Access software to facilitate data processing, result reporting, and quality management for a full-service cytogenetics laboratory. The CytoAccess system consists of four functional modules. The data entry module is for logging in patient information. The result entry module is used to generate chromosome, fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH), and array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) reports. The administrative module enables periodic monitoring of quality control and quality improvement (QA/QI) parameters and produces billing forms. The maintenance module allows users to update clinical demographics, report templates, code tables, and to refresh data links. We have integrated into this system over 15,000 chromosome and FISH results from prenatal, postnatal, and cancer cases for the past six years. This system is cost-effective, user-friendly, flexible in updating, and potentially adaptable for data mining. PMID:17130662

Xiang, Bixia; Li, Peining; Hemingway, Susan S; Qumsiyeh, Mazin

2006-01-01

429

Access patterns of a clinic-based health information web site for international travelers.  

PubMed

A large national telephone survey conducted in 2000 by the Pew Internet & American Life Project estimated that 52 million American adults used the Internet to acquire health information. Based on population estimates, these users comprised 25% of all adults. The growth of online health information coupled with increasing Internet access has led to the emergence of consumer informatics as an outbranching from traditional medical informatics. The ease of international communications afforded by the Internet holds great promise for consumers in the realm of travel medicine. For example, an early study found that a Web site hosted by an international travel medicine clinic was accessed by client computers in more than 100 countries. Nevertheless, relatively little research has been conducted on consumer informatics in travel medicine. An important aspect of consumer informatics involves studying consumers' needs for health information. The purpose of this study was to perform a descriptive analysis of overall use and content-specific access patterns for health information provided on a clinic-based Web site for international travelers. PMID:12962586

Licciardone, John C

2002-01-01

430

[From library to clinical decision support systems: access of general practitioner to quality information].  

PubMed

Since 2003, the following tools have been implemented in Belgium for improving the access of general practioners to the EBM literature: the Digital Library for Health and the evidence-linker of the CEBAM, the portal EBMPracticeNet.be and the multidimensional electronic clinical decision support EBMeDS. The aim of this article is to show the progress achieved in the information dissemination toward the belgian general practioners, particularly the access from the electronic health record. From the literature published these last years, the opportunities cited by the users are for using EBM and the strong willingness for using these literature access in the future; the limits are the medical data coding, the irrelevance of the search results, the alerts fatigue induced by EBMeDS. The achievements done and planned for the new EBMPracticeNet guidelines portal and the EBMeDS system are explained in the aim of informing belgian healthcare professionals. These projects are claiming for lauching a participatory process in the production and dissemination of EBM information. The discussion is focused on the belgian healthcare system advantages, the solutions for a reasonable implementation of these projects and for increasing the place of an evidence-based information in the healthcare decision process. Finally the input of these projects to the continuing medical education and to the healthcare quality are discussed, in a context of multifactorial interaction healthcare design (complexity design). PMID:23091948

Fauquert, B

2012-09-01

431

Simulation of the Multi-Node Open Access Same-Time Information System Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign  

E-print Network

Simulation of the Multi-Node Open Access Same-Time Information System Yong Tian Univ. of Illinois@staff.uiuc.edu Abstract This paper describes a Web-based simulator of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) mandated Open Access Same-Time Information System (OASIS) network. The purpose of the simulator

432

76 FR 19707 - Classified Information: Classification/Declassification/Access; Authority To Classify Information  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Executive Order 13526 to originally classify information as SECRET or CONFIDENTIAL to the Administrator of the Federal Aviation...Secretary the authority to originally classify information as SECRET or CONFIDENTIAL, with further authorization to designate...

2011-04-08

433

The Grammar of Information: Challenges for Older Students With Language Impairments  

PubMed Central

Purpose The purpose of this article is to describe the nature of informational (expository) language in terms of unique grammatical characteristics and discuss applications for assessment and intervention for older school-age children and adolescents with language impairments. Methods Information presented is based on a selected literature review of topics including the nature of academic texts, expository text processing of older children and adolescents with language impairments and/or learning disabilities, and language intervention studies that target higher level language in the same populations. Results We summarize key grammatical strategies found in informational text: (1) complex nominal (noun phrase) groups, (2) clausal subordination, and (3) theme and information mechanisms. Although facility with these structures is not routinely or systematically tested by language clinicians, we highlight assessment procedures useful this purpose. Promising intervention evidence suggests that grammatical features characteristic of informational text can be targeted with positive results for students who struggle with this aspect of higher level language. Conclusions Success comprehending and producing informational text requires unique grammatical knowledge. A qualitative literature review is used to derive best practices in assessment and intervention with school-age children who are particularly challenged by these types of texts. PMID:23596344

Scott, Cheryl M.; Balthazar, Catherine H.

2011-01-01

434

75 FR 7582 - Access by EPA Contractors to Information Claimed as Confidential Business Information (CBI...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Business Information (CBI) Submitted Under Title II of the Clean Air Act AGENCY: Environmental...information which has been submitted to EPA under Title II of the Clean Air Act that is claimed...Information which has been submitted to EPA under Title II of the Clean Air Act that is...

2010-02-22

435

Medical Query Language  

PubMed Central

This paper describes the Medical Query Language (MQL), a “formal” language which enables unsophisticated users, having no background in programming or computer science, to express information retrieval and analysis questions of their data bases. MQL is designed to access any MUMPS data base. Most MQL applications to date have dealt with the COmputer STored Ambulatory Record (COSTAR) data base.

Morgan, Mary M.; Beaman, Peter D.; Shusman, Daniel J.; Hupp, Jon A.; Zielstorff, Rita D.; Barnett, G. Octo

1981-01-01

436

Accessible Technology Initiative (ATI) Awareness Jenna Reeds--Web & Media Specialist, Information Support Services  

E-print Network

/materials/fwis.shtml) · A powerful video series of eight CSU students with disabilities who share their experiences in the college to electronic and information technology for all faculty, staff, students and the public #12;3 1/9/2014 What;6 1/9/2014 Developers "But I don't have the resources to make it accessible!" · From a design stand

Su, Xiao

437

77 FR 30045 - 30-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: English Language Evaluation Surveys  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...these programs in meeting their goals. Title of Information Collection: English Language Evaluation: Fulbright English Teaching Assistantship (ETA) Program Survey. OMB Control Number: None. Type of Request: New Collection. Originating...

2012-05-21

438

77 FR 6168 - 60-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: English Language Evaluation Surveys, OMB...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995. Title of Information Collection: English Language Evaluation: Fulbright English Teaching Assistantship (ETA) Program Survey. OMB Control Number: None. Type of Request: New Collection. Originating...

2012-02-07

439

Health Information on the Internet: Accessibility, Quality, and Readability in English and Spanish  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Published in the May 23/30, 2001 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), this detailed study conducted by the Rand Corporation and California HealthCare Foundation finds that the quality of health-care information available online is decidedly uneven. For the report, researchers consulted ten English-language and four Spanish-language search engines for information on four common health conditions: breast cancer, childhood asthma, depression, and obesity. Physicians also evaluated the quality of information provided by 25 major health Websites. Among the problems noted in the report are irrelevant search returns, incomplete or contradictory information, and blurring of the line between information and advertising. The full text of the article is available at the JAMA site.

Algazy, Jeffrey I.; Berland, Gretchen K.; Broder, Michael S.; Elliott, Marc N.; Kanouse, David E.; Kravitz, Richard L.

2001-01-01

440

Cross-Language Information Retrieval: Experiments Based on CLEF 2000 Corpora.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses cross-language, multilingual, and bilingual information retrieval on the Web; evaluates retrieval effectiveness of indexing and search strategies based on test collections from CLEF (Cross-Language Evaluation Forum) in English, French, German, and Italian; and suggests and evaluates database merging strategies. Appendices include…

Savoy, Jacques

2003-01-01

441

KQML-A Language and Protocol for Knowledge and Information Exchange  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract. This paper describes the design of and experimentation,with the Knowledge Query and Manipulation Language (KQML), a new language and protocol for exchanging information and knowledge. This work is part a larger effort, the ARPA Knowledge Sharing Effort which is aimed at developing techniques and methodology for building large-scale knowledge bases which are sharable and reusable. KQML is both a

T. Finin; R. Fritzon; D. Mckay; R. Mcentire

1993-01-01

442

The Development of a Natural Language Generation System For Personalized e-Health Information  

E-print Network

The Development of a Natural Language Generation System For Personalized e-Health Information C. Di Division of Plastic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada d a prototype Web-based Natural Language Genera- tion system for the authoring and subsequent per- sonalization

DiMarco, Chrysanne

443

A General Game Description Language for Incomplete Information Games Michael Thielscher  

E-print Network

A General Game Description Language for Incomplete Information Games Michael Thielscher School A General Game Player is a system that can play previously unknown games given nothing but their rules. The Game Description Language (GDL) has been developed as a high- level knowledge representation formalism

Thielscher, Michael

444

Languages and Their Roles in Educating Native Children. Informal Series/16.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study represents both a collection of information on the role of language in the instruction of Ontario's native people, and a setting forth of generalizations about the nature of language, society, and education that may be relevant to other, similar situations as well as native ones. In addition, particular pedagogical suggestions are made…

Burnaby, Barbara

445

Limitation on the amount of accessible information in a quantum channel  

SciTech Connect

We prove a new result limiting the amount of accessible information in a quantum channel. This generalizes Kholevo{close_quote}s theorem and implies it as a simple corollary. Our proof uses the strong subadditivity of the von Neumann entropy functional {ital S}({rho}) and a specific physical analysis of the measurement process. The result presented here has application in information obtained from {open_quote}{open_quote}weak{close_quote}{close_quote} measurements, such as those sometimes considered in quantum cryptography. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

Schumacher, B.; Westmoreland, M.; Wootters, W.K. [Department of Physics, Kenyon College, Gambier, Ohio 43022 (United States)] [Department of Physics, Kenyon College, Gambier, Ohio 43022 (United States); [Theoretical Astrophysics, T-6, MS B288, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); [Department of Mathematics, Denison University, Granville, Ohio 43023 (United States); [Department of Physics, Williams College, Williamstown, Massachusetts 01267 (United States)

1996-04-01

446

El Nino Theme Page: Access to Distributed Information on El Nino  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This concentrated, in-depth resource provides access to recent information on El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and La Nina in the Pacific Ocean, including data, graphics, forecasts, historical perspectives, in-depth analyses, prediction benefits, impacts on human life, and information on the 1997/1999 El Nino and La Nina events. Links to relevant data include Tropical Atmosphere Ocean Project (TAO) moored buoy data, XBT data, drifting buoy data, sea level field analyses, real-time data and analyses, satellite data, climate data, numerical model simulations and Ka'Imimoana shipboard data. The site also includes 3D animations and links to theme pages in Spanish, French, and Portuguese.

447

Access and use of information resources in assessing health risks from chemical exposure: Proceedings  

SciTech Connect

Health risk assessment is based on access to comprehensive information about potentially hazardous agents in question. Relevant information is scattered throughout the literature, and often is not readily accessible. To be useful in assessment efforts, emerging scientific findings, risk assess parameters, and associated data must be compiled and evaluated systemically. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) are among the federal agencies heavily involved in this effort. This symposium was a direct response by EPA and ORNL to the expressed needs of individuals involved in assessing risks from chemical exposure. In an effort to examine the state of the risk assessment process, the availability of toxicological information, and the future development and transfer of this information, the symposium provided an excellent cadre of speakers and participants from state and federal agencies, academia and research laboratories to address these topics. This stimulating and productive gathering discussed concerns associated with (1) environmental contamination by chemicals; (2) laws regulating chemicals; (3) information needs and resources; (4) applications; (5) challenges and priorities; and (6)future issues. Individual reports are processed separately for the data bases.

Not Available

1990-12-31

448

Autonomous Information Unit for Fine-Grain Data Access Control and Information Protection in a Net-Centric System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As communication and networking technologies advance, networks will become highly complex and heterogeneous, interconnecting different network domains. There is a need to provide user authentication and data protection in order to further facilitate critical mission operations, especially in the tactical and mission-critical net-centric networking environment. The Autonomous Information Unit (AIU) technology was designed to provide the fine-grain data access and user control in a net-centric system-testing environment to meet these objectives. The AIU is a fundamental capability designed to enable fine-grain data access and user control in the cross-domain networking environments, where an AIU is composed of the mission data, metadata, and policy. An AIU provides a mechanism to establish trust among deployed AIUs based on recombining shared secrets, authentication and verify users with a username, X.509 certificate, enclave information, and classification level. AIU achieves data protection through (1) splitting data into multiple information pieces using the Shamir's secret sharing algorithm, (2) encrypting each individual information piece using military-grade AES-256 encryption, and (3) randomizing the position of the encrypted data based on the unbiased and memory efficient in-place Fisher-Yates shuffle method. Therefore, it becomes virtually impossible for attackers to compromise data since attackers need to obtain all distributed information as well as the encryption key and the random seeds to properly arrange the data. In addition, since policy can be associated with data in the AIU, different user access and data control strategies can be included. The AIU technology can greatly enhance information assurance and security management in the bandwidth-limited and ad hoc net-centric environments. In addition, AIU technology can be applicable to general complex network domains and applications where distributed user authentication and data protection are necessary. AIU achieves fine-grain data access and user control, reducing the security risk significantly, simplifying the complexity of various security operations, and providing the high information assurance across different network domains.

Chow, Edward T.; Woo, Simon S.; James, Mark; Paloulian, George K.

2012-01-01

449

Shaping a lateralized brain: Asymmetrical light experience modulates access to visual interhemispheric information in pigeons  

PubMed Central

Cerebral asymmetries result from hemispheric specialization and interhemispheric communication pattern that develop in close gene-environment interactions. To gain a deeper understanding of developmental and functional interrelations, we investigated interhemispheric information exchange in pigeons, which possess a lateralized visual system that develops in response to asymmetrical ontogenetic light stimulation. We monocularly trained pigeons with or without embryonic light experience in color discriminations whereby they learned another pair of colors with each eye. Thereby, information from the ipsilateral eye had to be transferred. Monocular tests confronting the animals with trained and transferred color pairs demonstrated that embryonic light stimulation modulates the balance of asymmetrical handling of transfer information. Stronger embryonic stimulation of the left hemisphere significantly enhanced access to interhemispheric visual information, thereby reversing the right-hemispheric advantage that develops in the absence of embryonic light experience. These data support the critical role of environmental factors in molding a functionally lateralized brain. PMID:24584671

Letzner, Sara; Patzke, Nina; Verhaal, Josine; Manns, Martina

2014-01-01

450

“Can I say ‘Once Upon a Time’?”: Kindergarten children developing knowledge of information book language  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, many scholars have called for greater inclusion of expository texts in early schooling. A first step in assessing the wisdom of these calls is to examine what young children actually know, and can learn, about the language of these reputedly-difficult texts. This study provides information about 20 preliterate kindergartners' knowledge of one genre of expository text, information

Jane Kays

1998-01-01

451

Combining bidirectional translation and synonymy for cross-language information retrieval  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces a general framework for the use of translation probabilities in cross-language information re- trieval based on the notion that information retrieval fun- damentally requires matching what the searcher means with what the author of a document meant. That perspective yields a computational formulation that provides a natu- ral way of combining what have been known as query

Jianqiang Wang; Douglas W. Oard

2006-01-01

452

Wireless access to a pharmaceutical database: A demonstrator for data driven Wireless Application Protocol applications in medical information processing  

PubMed Central

Background The Wireless Application Protocol technology implemented in newer mobile phones has built-in facilities for handling much of the information processing needed in clinical work. Objectives To test a practical approach we ported a relational database of the Danish pharmaceutical catalogue to Wireless Application Protocol using open source freeware at all steps. Methods We used Apache 1.3 web software on a Linux server. Data containing the Danish pharmaceutical catalogue were imported from an ASCII file into a MySQL 3.22.32 database using a Practical Extraction and Report Language script for easy update of the database. Data were distributed in 35 interrelated tables. Each pharmaceutical brand name was given its own card with links to general information about the drug, active substances, contraindications etc. Access was available through 1) browsing therapeutic groups and 2) searching for a brand name. The database interface was programmed in the server-side scripting language PHP3. Results A free, open source Wireless Application Protocol gateway to a pharmaceutical catalogue was established to allow dial-in access independent of commercial Wireless Application Protocol service providers. The application was tested on the Nokia 7110 and Ericsson R320s cellular phones. Conclusions We have demonstrated that Wireless Application Protocol-based access to a dynamic clinical database can be established using open source freeware. The project opens perspectives for a further integration of Wireless Application Protocol phone functions in clinical information processing: Global System for Mobile communication telephony for bilateral communication, asynchronous unilateral communication via e-mail and Short Message Service, built-in calculator, calendar, personal organizer, phone number catalogue and Dictaphone function via answering machine technology. An independent Wireless Application Protocol gateway may be placed within hospital firewalls, which may be an advantage with respect to security. However, if Wireless Application Protocol phones are to become effective tools for physicians, special attention must be paid to the limitations of the devices. Input tools of Wireless Application Protocol phones should be improved, for instance by increased use of speech control. PMID:11720946

Hansen, Michael Schacht

2001-01-01

453

Improving Access to Online Multilingual Resources by Adopting the My Language Portal in the City of Greater Dandenong Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on the implementation of "My Language Portal" in the City of Greater Dandenong Libraries (CGDL), Melbourne, Victoria, through the development of a "My Language Portal Project Plan" in 2006. It discusses how the aims of the designers of My Language Portal (MLP) are fulfilled in the exceptional, changing demographics of Dandenong.…

Bogdanovic, Marijana; Johanson, Graeme

2007-01-01

454

How Do Adolescents Access Health Information? And Do They Ask Their Physicians?  

PubMed Central

Objective: To improve understanding about how high school students use electronic tools to obtain health information and how this information affects their behavior. Design/Methods: Using a cross-sectional design, we administered an anonymous survey to high school students in grades 9 through 12 at a single private Catholic high school, inquiring about their use of electronic tools to obtain health information, topics of interest, sources used to obtain information, and modifications in their behavior based on that information. Descriptive statistics and multivariate analysis of variance were used to compare trends across grade levels. Results: Of 705 students enrolled, 24.7% were either absent or chose not to participate in the survey. Of the remaining 531 students, 497 completed the surveys, for a response rate of 70.5% (497 of 705) and a participation rate of 93.6% (497 of 531). All students were comfortable using the Internet, and >90% used it at home and in school. Access to broadband applications averaged 95% at home and 80% at school. A significant proportion (0.66; p < 0.0001) of students reported that they trusted the information found online, and 22% (not significant) modified their behavior on the basis of the information they found. Forty-two percent searched for general health information, and 43% investigated specific medical conditions or disease states. Topics related to skin were researched significantly more than nutrition, birth control, and sexually transmitted diseases. Although a significant number of students (p < 0.05) reported conducting e-mail conversations related to health topics with their teachers, <5% had e-mail communications with physicians. Conclusions: These data indicate that most high school students used the Internet and broadband applications at school and at home as resources for health care information. A significant number of students trusted the online information, and at nearly one-quarter subsequently modified their behavior. Students conducted e-mail conversations with teachers about health-related topics, but few students used this tool to communicate with their physicians. This information raises questions about design and implementation of strategies to provide adolescents access to appropriate health care information, including that provided by physicians. PMID:22529757

Ettel, George; Nathanson, Ian; Ettel, Donna; Wilson, Christine; Meola, Paul

2012-01-01

455

[Optimization of healthcare expenditures, centralization of laboratory determinations and laboratory information accessibility].  

PubMed

The optimization of money expenditure for healthcare is leading to the reorganization of the structure of medical organizations, to reducing of small establishments, to centralization of laboratory analyses with cessation of their performing in some hospitals and out patient offices. This tendency is based on medical (enlargement of laboratory tests spectrum) and economical (high productivity, relative reducing of net cost of laboratory determinations) reasons. But the repercussions of switch-over to centralization of laboratory analyses performance must be evaluated from the position of laboratory information accessibility tacking in account the need in express analyses for patient, situated on territories outlying from the centralized laboratory. Using of the portative analytical devices and therefore the possibility to perform the urgent analyses by non-laboratory personal in point of care and by patients themselves as a matter of self-testing can help to solve the problem of accessibility of laboratory tests in conditions of laboratory centralization in some regions. PMID:25080804

Men'shikov, V V

2014-04-01

456

The Language(s) of Failure? Unequal Access to Journalism Education and Training at a Former Whites-Only Afrikaans University in South Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A former whites-only South African university's journalism department employs a dual-medium language policy in which Afrikaans and English alternate in classrooms, and students may use either. Admissions processes include a test of linguistic ability (general/cultural knowledge and writing skills). Citing Bourdieu, this article disputes the…

Botma, Gabriel J.

2012-01-01

457

Web Content Accessibility of Consumer Health Information Web Sites for People with Disabilities: A Cross Sectional Evaluation  

PubMed Central

Background The World Wide Web (WWW) has become an increasingly essential resource for health information consumers. The ability to obtain accurate medical information online quickly, conveniently and privately provides health consumers with the opportunity to make informed decisions and participate actively in their personal care. Little is known, however, about whether the content of this online health information is equally accessible to people with disabilities who must rely on special devices or technologies to process online information due to their visual, hearing, mobility, or cognitive limitations. Objective To construct a framework for an automated Web accessibility evaluation; to evaluate the state of accessibility of consumer health information Web sites; and to investigate the possible relationships between accessibility and other features of the Web sites, including function, popularity and importance. Methods We carried out a cross-sectional study of the state of accessibility of health information Web sites to people with disabilities. We selected 108 consumer health information Web sites from the directory service of a Web search engine. A measurement framework was constructed to automatically measure the level of Web Accessibility Barriers (WAB) of Web sites following Web accessibility specifications. We investigated whether there was a difference between WAB scores across various functional categories of the Web sites, and also evaluated the correlation between the WAB and Alexa traffic rank and Google Page Rank of the Web sites. Results We found that none of the Web sites we looked at are completely accessible to people with disabilities, i.e., there were no sites that had no violation of Web accessibility rules. However, governmental and educational health information Web sites do exhibit better Web accessibility than the other categories of Web sites (P < 0.001). We also found that the correlation between the WAB score and the popularity of a Web site is statistically significant (r = 0.28, P < 0.05), although there is no correlation between the WAB score and the importance of the Web sites (r = 0.15, P = 0.111). Conclusions Evaluation of health information Web sites shows that no Web site scrupulously abides by Web accessibility specifications, even for entities mandated under relevant laws and regulations. Government and education Web sites show better performance than Web sites among other categories. Accessibility of a Web site may have a positive impact on its popularity in general. However, the Web accessibility of a Web site may not have a significant relationship with its importance on the Web. PMID:15249268

Parmanto, Bambang

2004-01-01

458

Individual differences in information order effects: the importance of right-hemisphere access in belief updating.  

PubMed

The order in which information is received alters the evaluation of causal hypotheses. Specifically, research suggests that the last piece of information oftentimes has the greatest impact on the evaluation and that the difference in subjective value between two pieces of information is an important factor influencing the magnitude of this recency effect. The present paper extends this line of work by exploring individual differences in this phenomenon via one's degree of handedness. Two hundred and five participants were given two hypothetical scenarios and related causal hypotheses accompanied by two pieces of additional information and asked to revise their belief in each hypothesis as information accumulated. Results confirmed predictions that 1) inconsistent/mixed-handers (those who use their non-dominant hand for at least some activities) show a larger effect with two pieces of inconsistent weak or strong information, and 2) neither mixed-handers nor consistent/strong-handers (those who use their dominant hand for almost all activities) show an effect with strong and weak pieces of consistent information. Mixed-handers' susceptibility to persuasive arguments and Ramachandran's (1995; Ramachandran and Blakeslee, 1998) belief-updating theory centered around communication between the two halves of the brain and functional access to the right hemisphere are used to account for these data. PMID:24513628

Jasper, John D; Kunzler, J Scott; Prichard, Eric C; Christman, Stephen D

2014-05-01

459

Using Nearest Neighbor Information to Improve Cross-Language Text Classification  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cross-language text classification (CLTC) aims to take advantage of existing training data from one language to construct a classifier for another language. In addition to the expected translation issues, CLTC is also complicated by the cultural distance between both languages, which causes that documents belonging to the same category concern very different topics. This paper proposes a re-classification method which purpose is to reduce the errors caused by this phenomenon by considering information from the own target language documents. Experimental results in a news corpus considering three pairs of languages and four categories demonstrated the appropriateness of the proposed method, which could improve the initial classification accuracy by up to 11%.

Escobar-Acevedo, Adelina; Montes-Y-Gómez, Manuel; Villaseñor-Pineda, Luis

460

Natural Language Annotations for the Semantic Web  

E-print Network

information, we strongly believe that it should be grounded in the information access method humans are most that natural language is the best information access mechanism for humans; it is intuitive, In Proceedings IBM Internet Technology Division 1 Rogers Street Cambridge, MA 02142 dennisq@us.ibm.com Abstract

Lin, Jimmy

461

Assessing young unmarried men's access to reproductive health information and services in rural India  

PubMed Central

Background We investigated the accessibility of reproductive health information and contraceptives in a relatively less developed area of rural central India and assessed the risks facing young unmarried men. Methods This cross-sectional study used both qualitative and quantitative methods. Participants included 38 unmarried rural men in four focus-group discussions and a representative sample of 316 similarly profiled men, aged 17-22 years, in a survey. Information was collected on the men's socioeconomic characteristics; awareness, knowledge, and perceptions of family planning; attitudes toward future contraceptive use; intra-family communication; knowledge about STIs/HIV/AIDS; and access and use of condoms. Content analysis for qualitative information and descriptive analysis for survey data were used to draw conclusions. Results Young unmarried rural Indian men's sexual and reproductive health (SRH) knowledge is limited, although the majority is familiar with condoms (99%). The young men identified electronic mass media (67%) as the prime source of reproductive health information, yet they lacked detailed knowledge of various contraceptives and felt ignored by health providers, who, they felt, would be capable of providing SRH information through interpersonal communication. Young men are more concerned about avoiding infections and securing sexual pleasure and less concerned about avoiding potential pregnancies. For example, 68% of the young men were aware of condoms and their HIV/AIDS preventive role, but only about two-fifths mentioned condom use to prevent unwanted pregnancies. Although most young men (96%) knew where to access a condom, they felt uncomfortable or embarrassed doing so in their own villages or close by because of socio-cultural norms that prevented them from using contraceptives. Very few respondents (4%) disclosed using condoms themselves, but 59% said they knew someone from their peer group who had used them. Conclusions Young unmarried men in rural India are underserved with regard to SRH information and services, because they are not recognized as key targets under the public health system, and they receive their limited knowledge and information mainly from the mass media; this situation could be greatly improved by public health service providers. It is important that programmers involve young men with effective communication strategies to enable them to act responsibly with regard to their own sexual health needs. PMID:21682899

2011-01-01

462

TileBars: visualization of term distribution information in full text information access  

Microsoft Academic Search

The field of information retrieval has traditionally focused on textbases consisting of titles and abstracts. As a consequence, many underlying assumptions must be altered for retrieval from full-length text collections. This paper argues for mak- ing use of text structure when retrieving from full text doc- uments, and presents a visualization paradigm, called Tile- Bars, that demonstrates the usefulness of

Marti A. Hearst

1995-01-01

463

78 FR 12051 - Access by EPA Contractors to Information Claimed as Confidential Business Information (CBI...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Clean Air Act and Related to the Nonroad Diesel Engine Program AGENCY: Environmental...information, which is related to the Nonroad Diesel Engine Program will begin on February...interest to parties who manufacture nonroad diesel engines and equipment and any other...

2013-02-21

464

MO/DSD online information server and global information repository access  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Often in the past, standards and new technology information have been available only in hardcopy form, with reproduction and mailing costs proving rather significant. In light of NASA's current budget constraints and in the interest of efficient communications, the Mission Operations and Data Systems Directorate (MO&DSD) New Technology and Data Standards Office recognizes the need for an online information server (OLIS). This server would allow: (1) dissemination of standards and new technology information throughout the Directorate more quickly and economically; (2) online browsing and retrieval of documents that have been published for and by MO&DSD; and (3) searching for current and past study activities on related topics within NASA before issuing a task. This paper explores a variety of available information servers and searching tools, their current capabilities and limitations, and the application of these tools to MO&DSD. Most importantly, the discussion focuses on the way this concept could be easily applied toward improving dissemination of standards and new technologies and improving documentation processes.

Nguyen, Diem; Ghaffarian, Kam; Hogie, Keith; Mackey, William

1994-01-01

465

Electronic theses and dissertations (ETD) as unique open access materials: case of the Kenya Information Preservation Society (KIPS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to give an overview of electronic theses and dissertations (ETD) as important and unique collections that facilitate open access. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper presents a brief introduction of the importance of ETD as materials for open access. This is with emphasis on the Kenya Information Preservation Society (KIPS) project which has, since

Felicitas C. Ratanya

2010-01-01

466

Accessing Information in Working Memory: Can the Focus of Attention Grasp Two Elements at the Same Time?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Processing information in working memory requires selective access to a subset of working-memory contents by a focus of attention. Complex cognition often requires joint access to 2 items in working memory. How does the focus select 2 items? Two experiments with an arithmetic task and 1 with a spatial task investigate time demands for successive operations that involve 2 digits

Klaus Oberauer; Svetlana Bialkova

2009-01-01

467

29 CFR 37.35 - What are a recipient's responsibilities to provide services and information in languages other...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...to provide services and information in languages other than English? 37.35 Section...to provide services and information in languages other than English? (a) A significant...may need services or information in a language other than English in order to be...

2011-07-01

468

The Human Genome Project: Information access, management, and regulation. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The Human Genome Project is a large, internationally coordinated effort in biological research directed at creating a detailed map of human DNA. This report describes the access of information, management, and regulation of the project. The project led to the development of an instructional module titled The Human Genome Project: Biology, Computers, and Privacy, designed for use in high school biology classes. The module consists of print materials and both Macintosh and Windows versions of related computer software-Appendix A contains a copy of the print materials and discs containing the two versions of the software.

McInerney, J.D.; Micikas, L.B.

1996-08-31

469

Would your customers like trusted access to real-time travel information, journey planning, and multilingual audio/visual  

E-print Network

.tagbuddy.net/download) Live underground train times from Victoria Example journey plan from Richmond Improve your knowledgeWould your customers like trusted access to real-time travel information, journey planning

Mayes, Keith

470

77 FR 75014 - Schedule of Fees for Access to NOAA Environmental Data, Information, and Related Products and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...associated costs have increased. Users have the ability to access the data offline, online and through the NESDIS e-Commerce System (NeS) online store. Our ability to provide these data, information, products and services depends on...

2012-12-19

471

75 FR 81110 - Schedule of Fees for Access to NOAA Environmental Data, Information, and Related Products and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...both in size and sophistication. Users have the ability to access the data offline, online and through the NESDIS. e-Commerce System (NeS) online store. Our ability to provide these data, information, products and services depends on...

2010-12-27

472

Improving Access to Language Services in Health Care: A Look at National and State Efforts. Washington, DC: Mathematica Policy Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

More than 23 million Americans have limited English proficiency, which complicates their ability to obtain quality health care. Language barriers in the health care setting can lead to miscommunications and cause medical errors, delay or denial of services, issues with medication management, and underutilization of preventive services. This brief assesses emerging national efforts to address language barriers and profiles work

Melanie Au; Erin Fries Taylor; Marsha Gold

2009-01-01

473

Methods to integrate a language model with semantic information for a word prediction component  

E-print Network

Most current word prediction systems make use of n-gram language models (LM) to estimate the probability of the following word in a phrase. In the past years there have been many attempts to enrich such language models with further syntactic or semantic information. We want to explore the predictive powers of Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA), a method that has been shown to provide reliable information on long-distance semantic dependencies between words in a context. We present and evaluate here several methods that integrate LSA-based information with a standard language model: a semantic cache, partial reranking, and different forms of interpolation. We found that all methods show significant improvements, compared to the 4-gram baseline, and most of them to a simple cache model as well.

Wandmacher, Tonio

2008-01-01

474

p-BioSPRE--an information and communication technology framework for transnational biomaterial sharing and access  

PubMed Central

Biobanks represent key resources for clinico-genomic research and are needed to pave the way to personalised medicine. To achieve this goal, it is crucial that scientists can securely access and share high-quality biomaterial and related data. Therefore, there is a growing interest in integrating biobanks into larger biomedical information and communication technology (ICT) infrastructures. The European project p-medicine is currently building an innovative ICT infrastructure to meet this need. This platform provides tools and services for conducting research and clinical trials in personalised medicine. In this paper, we describe one of its main components, the biobank access framework p-BioSPRE (p-medicine Biospecimen Search and Project Request Engine). This generic framework enables and simplifies access to existing biobanks, but also to offer own biomaterial collections to research communities, and to manage biobank specimens and related clinical data over the ObTiMA Trial Biomaterial Manager. p-BioSPRE takes into consideration all relevant ethical and legal standards, e.g., safeguarding donors’ personal rights and enabling biobanks to keep control over the donated material and related data. The framework thus enables secure sharing of biomaterial within open and closed research communities, while flexibly integrating related clinical and omics data. Although the development of the framework is mainly driven by user scenarios from the cancer domain, in this case, acute lymphoblastic leukaemia and Wilms tumour, it can be extended to further disease entities. PMID:24567758

Weiler, Gabriele; Schroder, Christina; Schera, Fatima; Dobkowicz, Matthias; Kiefer, Stephan; Heidtke, Karsten R; Hanold, Stefanie; Nwankwo, Iheanyi; Forgo, Nikolaus; Stanulla, Martin; Eckert, Cornelia; Graf, Norbert

2014-01-01

475

Parametric Grid Information in the DOE Knowledge Base: Data Preparation, Storage, and Access  

SciTech Connect

The parametric grid capability of the Knowledge Base provides an efficient, robust way to store and access interpolatable information which is needed to monitor the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty. To meet both the accuracy and performance requirements of operational monitoring systems, we use a new approach which combines the error estimation of kriging with the speed and robustness of Natural Neighbor Interpolation (NNI). The method involves three basic steps: data preparation (DP), data storage (DS), and data access (DA). The goal of data preparation is to process a set of raw data points to produce a sufficient basis for accurate NNI of value and error estimates in the Data Access step. This basis includes a set of nodes and their connectedness, collectively known as a tessellation, and the corresponding values and errors that map to each node, which we call surfaces. In many cases, the raw data point distribution is not sufficiently dense to guarantee accurate error estimates from the NNI, so the original data set must be densified using a newly developed interpolation technique known as Modified Bayesian Kriging. Once appropriate kriging parameters have been determined by variogram analysis, the optimum basis for NNI is determined in a process they call mesh refinement, which involves iterative kriging, new node insertion, and Delauny triangle smoothing. The process terminates when an NNI basis has been calculated which will fir the kriged values within a specified tolerance. In the data storage step, the tessellations and surfaces are stored in the Knowledge Base, currently in a binary flatfile format but perhaps in the future in a spatially-indexed database. Finally, in the data access step, a client application makes a request for an interpolated value, which triggers a data fetch from the Knowledge Base through the libKBI interface, a walking triangle search for the containing triangle, and finally the NNI interpolation.

HIPP,JAMES R.; MOORE,SUSAN G.; MYERS,STEPHEN C.; SCHULTZ,CRAIG A.; SHEPHERD,ELLEN; YOUNG,CHRISTOPHER J.

1999-10-01

476

Batch of IT Courses at IAC We are pleased to announce that the 2nd Batch of IT Courses at Bangladesh-Korea Information Access  

E-print Network

at Bangladesh-Korea Information Access Center (IAC), Department of Computer Science and Engineering (CSE), BUET Bangladesh-Korea Information Access Center (IAC), New Academic Building (West Polashi), BUET, Dhaka ­ 1000. Bangladesh-Korea Information Access Center (IAC) New Academic Building (West Polashi) Department of Computer

Rahman, A.K.M. Ashikur

477

Beyond information access: Support for complex cognitive activities in public health informatics tools  

PubMed Central

Public health professionals work with a variety of information sources to carry out their everyday activities. In recent years, interactive computational tools have become deeply embedded in such activities. Unlike the early days of computational tool use, the potential of tools nowadays is not limited to simply providing access to information; rather, they can act as powerful mediators of human-information discourse, enabling rich interaction with public health information. If public health informatics tools are designed and used properly, they can facilitate, enhance, and support the performance of complex cognitive activities that are essential to public health informatics, such as problem solving, forecasting, sense-making, and planning. However, the effective design and evaluation of public health informatics tools requires an understanding of the cognitive and perceptual issues pertaining to how humans work and think with information to perform such activities. This paper draws on research that has examined some of the relevant issues, including interaction design, complex cognition, and visual representations, to offer some human-centered design and evaluation considerations for public health informatics tools. PMID:23569645

Sedig, Kamran; Parsons, Paul; Dittmer, Mark; Ola, Oluwakemi

2012-01-01

478

The Decision to Access Patient Information from a Social Media Site: What Would You Do?  

PubMed Central

Purpose The current study examined the prevalence with which healthcare providers use a social media site account (e.g., Facebook), the extent to which they utilize social media sites in clinical practice, and their decision-making process after accessing patient information from a social media site. Methods Pediatric faculty and trainees from a medical school campus were provided a social media site history form and seven fictional social media site adolescent profile vignettes that depicted concerning information. Participants were instructed to rate their personal use and beliefs about social media sites and to report how they would respond if they obtained concerning information about an adolescent patient from their public social media site profile. Results Healthcare providers generally believed it not to be an invasion of privacy to conduct an Internet/social media site search of someone they know. A small percentage of trainees reported a personal history of conducting an Internet search (18%) or a social media site search (14%) for a patient. However, no faculty endorsed a history of conducting searches for patients. Faculty and trainees also differed in how they would respond to concerning social media site adolescent profile information. Conclusions The findings that trainees are conducting Internet/social media site searches of patients and that faculty and trainees differ in how they would respond to concerning profile information suggest the need for specific guidelines regarding the role of social media sites in clinical practice. Practice, policy, and training implications are discussed. PMID:21939873

Jent, Jason F.; Eaton, Cyd K.; Merrick, Melissa T.; Englebert, Nicole E.; Dandes, Susan K.; Chapman, Ana V.; Hershorin, Eugene R.

2011-01-01

479

NLP-SIR: A Natural Language Approach for Spreadsheet Information Retrieval  

E-print Network

Spreadsheets are a ubiquitous software tool, used for a wide variety of tasks such as financial modelling, statistical analysis and inventory management. Extracting meaningful information from such data can be a difficult task, especially for novice users unfamiliar with the advanced data processing features of many spreadsheet applications. We believe that through the use of Natural Language Processing (NLP) techniques this task can be made considerably easier. This paper introduces NLP-SIR, a Natural language interface for spreadsheet information retrieval. The results of a recent evaluation which compared NLP-SIR with existing Information retrieval tools are also outlined. This evaluation has shown that NLP-SIR is a more effective method of spreadsheet information retrieval.

Flood, Derek; Caffery, Fergal Mc

2009-01-01

480

76 FR 70176 - Request For Information: Public Access to Digital Data Resulting from Federally Funded Scientific...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...promote long-term preservation of and access to digital data resulting from...public access to and the preservation of broadly valuable digital data resulting from...public access to and preservation of digital data resulting...

2011-11-10

481

Access to genetic information by donor offspring and donors: medicine, policy and law in New Zealand.  

PubMed

The issues of persons conceived as a result of donated gametes having access to genetic information concerning "their" donor remains controversial. New Zealand enacted legislation in 2004 giving offspring the right to learn the identity of the donor when they had reached the age of 18. This legislation followed changes in professional practice, consumer decision making and community attitudes that had accepted the right of offspring to having access to the genetic information concerning the donor. The law, therefore, confirmed current practice, rather than facing change. The way in which medicine and policy have contributed to the widespread acceptance of this new legislation is explored, as is the legislation itself. Four issues--the involvement of counsellors in ART teams, the impact of the consumer organization, the recognition of the cultural needs of the indigenous people and the impact of family law in New Zealand--that have contributed to this are explored, as are some of the issues that are now emerging as a result of this new legislation. PMID:18592887

Daniels, Ken; Douglass, Alison

2008-03-01

482

Are root letters compulsory for lexical access in Semitic languages? The case of masked form-priming in Arabic.  

PubMed

Do Semitic and Indo-European languages differ at a qualitative level? Recently, it has been claimed that lexical space in Semitic languages (e.g., Hebrew, Arabic) is mainly determined by morphological constraints, while lexical space in Indo-European languages is mainly determined by orthographic constraints (Frost, Kugler, Deutsch, & Forster, 2005). One of the key findings supporting the qualitative difference between Semitic and Indo-European languages is the absence of masked form priming in Hebrew/Arabic with productive words. Here we examined whether masked form priming occurs in Arabic words when one of the letters from the productive root is replaced in the prime stimulus by another letter. Results showed a significant masked form priming effect with the lexical decision task in three experiments (including yes/no, go/no-go, and sandwich priming), to a similar degree to that reported in previous research with Indo-European languages. These data support the view that the processing of word forms in Semitic vs. Indo-European languages differs more at a quantitative than at a qualitative level. PMID:24954309

Perea, Manuel; Mallouh, Reem Abu; Carreiras, Manuel

2014-09-01

483

Language Abilities in Children with Autism and Language Impairment: Using Narrative as a Additional Source of Clinical Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and Specific Language Impairment (SLI) are disorders of communication that are sometimes thought to show similar structural language difficulties. Recent research has even suggested that they might be aetiologically related. However, it may be that standardized language tasks are not sensitive enough to detect…

Manolitsi, Maria; Botting, Nicola

2011-01-01

484

Second Language Learning as a Factor in National Development in Asia, Africa and Latin America. Language Information Series, No. 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Survey of Second Language Teaching was conducted in 1959-1961 to investigate the nature and extent of the problem of second language learning in developing nations. This document summarizes the survey. It identifies the second language factor in national development, discusses the nature and extent of its problems and surveys the resources…

Center for Applied Linguistics, Arlington, VA.

485

A static analysis for quantifying information flow in a simple imperative language  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose an approach to quantify interference in a simple imperative language that includes a looping construct. In this paper we focus on a particular case of this definition of interference: leakage of in- formation from private variables to public ones via a Trojan Horse attack. We quantify leakage in terms of Shannon's information theory and we motivate our definition

David Clark; Sebastian Hunt; Pasquale Malacaria

2007-01-01

486

For the People...Citizenship Education and Naturalization Information. An English as a Second Language Text.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A textbook for English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) students presents lessons on U.S. citizenship education and naturalization information. The nine lessons cover the following topics: the U.S. system of government; the Bill of Rights; responsibilities and rights of citizens; voting; requirements for naturalization; the application process; the…

Short, Deborah J.; And Others

487

Using Natural Language Generation Technology to Improve Information Flows in Intensive Care Units  

E-print Network

real-time patient care. In the healthcare sector there is increased interest in deploying technologyUsing Natural Language Generation Technology to Improve Information Flows in Intensive Care Units feature of this technology is that it brings together a diverse set of techniques such as medical signal

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

488

Emoticon and Text Production in First and Second Languages in Informal Text Communication  

E-print Network

- ductive cross-cultural team interactions and decision-making across remote workplac- es. Effective socialEmoticon and Text Production in First and Second Languages in Informal Text Communication Cecilia R Haven, CT, USA lfeldman@albany.edu Abstract. Most of the recent research on online text communication

Aragon, Cecilia R.

489

COMPUTER & INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY L/R 590. Programming Languages and Techniques. (C)  

E-print Network

COMPUTER & INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY (EG) {CIT} L/R 590. Programming Languages and Techniques. (C) Introduction to fundamental concepts of programming and computer science for students who have little not have an academic background in computer science and who are not pursuing the Master's in Computer

Fang-Yen, Christopher

490

Literacy for Sustainable Development in the Age of Information. Language and Education Library 14.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book examines literacy for sustainable development in the age of information. It begins by discussing the relationship between literacy and hegemony, social policy, national language policy, colonial relations, and postcolonial realities. Also discussed in the introduction are views and definitions of literacy and considerations in mapping a…

Rassool, Naz

491

Biomimetic design through natural language analysis to facilitate cross-domain information retrieval  

E-print Network

Biomimetic design through natural language analysis to facilitate cross-domain information retrieval IVEY CHIU and L.H. SHU Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (Received October 11, 2005; Accepted May 17, 2006! Abstract Biomimetic

Shu, Lily H.

492

Information Literacy for Speech-Language Pathologists: A Key to Evidence-Based Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: In this tutorial, we review the tenets of information literacy (IL) that parallel and intersect with new American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) certification standards requiring clinicians to engage in evidence-based practice (EBP). Method: A review of the literature on EBP in medical and allied health areas was conducted…

Nail-Chiwetalu, Barbara J.; Ratner, Nan Bernstein

2006-01-01

493

Universal Design for Learning: speech-language pathologists and their teams making the common core curriculum accessible.  

PubMed

The Universal Design for Learning (UDL) framework was named in the supporting documents for the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) as a means of helping all students, especially those with disabilities, to meet and exceed the rigorous expectations. This article will describe the principles of UDL, show how educational teams use the framework to design instruction to teach the CCSS with examples from science and English language arts, and finally explore how the implementation of UDL provides an opportunity for speech-language pathologists to play a critical role in school improvement and instructional design and support. PMID:22538708

Staskowski, Maureen; Hardin, Susan; Klein, Mike; Wozniak, Carrie

2012-05-01

494

Verbal Working Memory and Language Production: Common Approaches to the Serial Ordering of Verbal Information  

PubMed Central

Verbal working memory (WM) tasks typically involve the language production architecture for recall; however, language production processes have had a minimal role in theorizing about WM. A framework for understanding verbal WM results is presented here. In this framework, domain-specific mechanisms for serial ordering in verbal WM are provided by the language production architecture, in which positional, lexical, and phonological similarity constraints are highly similar to those identified in the WM literature. These behavioral similarities are paralleled in computational modeling of serial ordering in both fields. The role of long-term learning in serial ordering performance is emphasized, in contrast to some models of verbal WM. Classic WM findings are discussed in terms of the language production architecture. The integration of principles from both fields illuminates the maintenance and ordering mechanisms for verbal information. PMID:19210053

Acheson, Daniel J.; MacDonald, Maryellen C.

2010-01-01

495

Making Content Accessible to Promote Second Language Acquisition: The ESL Intensive Program at Hostos Community College (CUNY).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) Intensive Program was established at Hostos Community College, New York, to help accelerate students' acquisition of ESL by combining three semesters of the college's regular ESL program into two semesters. Each level of this program provides 15 hours of classroom instruction per week, a 6-hour reading and…

Diaz, Diana M.; Justicia, Nellie T.; Levine, Lewis

496

Matching Up to the Information Society: An Evaluation of the EU, the EU Accession Countries, Switzerland and the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents the current understanding of the advancement of the Information Society within the European Union and countries that are up for accession in 2004, and is based on the SIBIS (Statistical Indicators Benchmarking the Information Society) surveys and analyses per SIBIS theme and country. The report is unique in its coherent and…

Graafland-Essers, Irma; Cremonini, Leon; Ettedgui, Emile; Botterman, Maarten

2003-01-01

497

Quality and accessibility of oncology-related clinical trials information: A content analysis of Internet media. | accrualnet.cancer.gov  

Cancer.gov

Eighty-five percent of the 40 Web sites reviewed mentioned clinical trials on their landing pages. However, only about three-quarters of sites defined clinical trials and just one-half provided information about the benefits and risks of enrollment. Additionally, for lung cancer and myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), few sites offered interactive features to facilitate access to information about relevant clinical trials.

498

Toward an Improved Haptic Zooming Algorithm for Graphical Information Accessed by Individuals Who Are Blind and Visually Impaired  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An increasing amount of information content used in school, work, and everyday living is presented in graphical form. Unfortunately, it is difficult for people who are blind or visually impaired to access this information, especially when many diagrams are needed. One problem is that details, even in relatively simple visual diagrams, can be very…

Rastogi, Ravi; Pawluk, Dianne T. V.

2013-01-01

499

The Practice and Perspectives of Free Access to the Legal Information of Citizens of the Republic of Uzbekistan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the practice and perspectives of free access for the public of Uzbekistan to legal resources, including distant and disadvantaged communities. Explains the legal database system and presents results of a project at the Open Library for Legal Information to organize legal information by regional libraries and public centers for legal…

Stalbovskaya, Maria S.

2002-01-01

500

Speech-language pathologists' informal learning in healthcare settings: behaviours and motivations.  

PubMed

The current research sought to identify the types of informal learning behaviours speech-language pathologists (SLPs) working in healthcare settings engage in as well as SLPs' motivations for engaging in informal learning. Twenty-four American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA)-certified SLPs participated in this qualitative study. Data collection consisted of computer-mediated interviews, online journaling, and a virtual focus group. These textual data were coded and collapsed into themes. All participant SLPs reported that they learned through collaboration (inter- and intra-disciplinary), worked with patients to learn through trial-and-error, and consulted non-peer-reviewed material on the internet as well as peer-reviewed research in order to learn informally in the workplace. Eighteen of the 24 participants reported being motivated to learn at work to meet a patient's need to meet therapy goals. Five of the 24 participants reported meeting their own personal learning needs was a motivating factor and 10 of the 24 participants reported learning informally to meet the needs of the healthcare organization/SLP profession. Results were compared to past research on SLPs' information retrieval behaviours. It was concluded that SLPs acknowledge their personal work-related gaps in knowledge and skills and actively seek to develop their knowledge and skill base through informal means. PMID:21682543

Walden, Patrick R; Bryan, Valerie C

2011-08-01