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1

Learning Language from Perceptual Context  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most current natural language processing (NLP) systems are built using statistical learning algo- rithms trained on large annotated corpora which can be expensive and time-consuming to collect. In contrast, humans can learn language through exposure to linguistic input in the context of a rich, rele- vant, perceptual environment. If a machine learning system can acquire language in a similar manner

David L. Chen

2

Social context and resources for language learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Until recently, research in applied linguistics has tended to treat learners in relative isolation from their context, and to study primarily classroom and other educational contexts. This paper in contrast focuses on the contexts which frame learning, and in particular the resources which these contexts provide. A model is outlined which includes both material and social resources for language learning,

David Palfreyman

2006-01-01

3

Learning Language from Its Perceptual Context  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Current systems that learn to process natural language require laboriously constructed human-annotated training data. Ideally,\\u000a a computer would be able to acquire language like a child by being exposed to linguistic input in the context of a relevant\\u000a but ambiguous perceptual environment. As a step in this direction, we present a system that learns to sportscast simulated\\u000a robot soccer games

Raymond J. Mooney

2011-01-01

4

Learning Language from Its Perceptual Context  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current systems that learn to process natural language require laboriously constructed human-annotated training data. Ideally,\\u000a a computer would be able to acquire language like a child by being exposed to linguistic input in the context of a relevant\\u000a but ambiguous perceptual environment. As a step in this direction, we present a system that learns to sportscast simulated\\u000a robot soccer games

Raymond J. Mooney

2008-01-01

5

Social Context and Resources for Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Until recently, research in applied linguistics has tended to treat learners in relative isolation from their context, and to study primarily classroom and other educational contexts. This paper in contrast focuses on the contexts which frame learning, and in particular the resources which these contexts provide. A model is outlined which…

Palfreyman, David

2006-01-01

6

Training a Multilingual Sportscaster: Using Perceptual Context to Learn Language  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a novel framework for learning to interpret and generate language using only per- ceptual context as supervision. We demonstrate its capabilities by developing a system that learns to sportscast simulated robot soccer games in both English and Korean without any language-specific prior knowledge. Training employs only ambiguous supervision consisting of a stream of descrip- tive textual comments and

David L. Chen; Joohyun Kim; Raymond J. Mooney

2010-01-01

7

Literacy through "Language Arts": Teaching and Learning in Context.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book gathers 25 essays and 80 shorter excerpts from the past 25 years of the K-8 journal "Language Arts." Essays in the book begin with (1) "Introduction" (Sharon Murphy and Curt Dudley-Marling). Under Section I--Opening Contexts for Thinking about Teaching the Language Arts--are the following essays: (2) "How Children Learn or How Teachers…

Murphy, Sharon, Ed.; Dudley-Marling, Curt, Ed.

8

Young Children Learning Languages in a Multilingual Context  

Microsoft Academic Search

Luxembourg is a trilingual country where residents communicate in Luxembourgish, French and German concurrently. Children therefore study these languages at primary school. In this paper I explore how six eight-year-old Luxembourgish children use and learn German, French and English in formal and informal settings over a period of one year. Their eagerness to learn and use German and English contrasted

Claudine Kirsch

2006-01-01

9

Using CALL in a Formal Learning Context to Develop Oral Language Awareness in ESL: An Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|French learners at university meet difficulties in the comprehension of oral English. Being in a formal context of language learning, they need to develop language awareness to compensate for insufficient exposure to the English language. To meet the students' needs, data was collected in order to pinpoint the main errors made by French learners…

Vincent-Durroux, Laurence; Poussard, Cecile; Lavaur, Jean-Marc; Aparicio, Xavier

2011-01-01

10

A study of language learning strategy use in the context of EFL curriculum and pedagogy reform in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Language learning strategy (LLS) use is not only an individual attribute of language users, but also a group behaviour reflecting the learning culture and language pedagogy in a particular social context. This article reports a study on the LLS use of Chinese secondary school students of English as a foreign language (EFL) in Northeast China from the perspective of socio-cultural

Yuanfang Yu; Bing Wang

2009-01-01

11

A Study of Language Learning Strategy Use in the Context of EFL Curriculum and Pedagogy Reform in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Language learning strategy (LLS) use is not only an individual attribute of language users, but also a group behaviour reflecting the learning culture and language pedagogy in a particular social context. This article reports a study on the LLS use of Chinese secondary school students of English as a foreign language (EFL) in Northeast China from…

Yu, Yuanfang; Wang, Bing

2009-01-01

12

Personality Types and Language Learning in an EFL Context.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studied the relationships between the personality types of a group of English-as-a-Foreign-Language (EFL) students in Indonesia and various measures of their academic performance in a course with EFL language measures. Students were almost evenly divided between extroverts and introverts with a distribution of types similar to those of…

Carrell, Patricia L.; And Others

1996-01-01

13

Language Learning Strategy Use of ESL Students in an Intensive English Learning Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated the language learning strategy use of 55 ESL students with differing cultural and linguistic backgrounds enrolled in a college Intensive English Program (IEP). The IEP is a language learning institute for pre-admissions university ESL students, and is an important step in developing not only students' basic Interpersonal…

Hong-Nam, Kyungsim; Leavell, Alexandra G.

2006-01-01

14

Language Learning Experience in School Context and Metacognitive Awareness of Multilingual Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|What is the influence of a language learning experience (LLE) in a school context on the metacognitive development of children? To answer that question, we presented 54 multilingual preschoolers with two movie clips and examined their reactions to an exolingual situation of communication. These preschoolers were aged four and a half to six and a…

Le Pichon Vorstman, Emmanuelle; De Swart, Henriette; Ceginskas, Viktorija; Van Den Bergh, Huub

2009-01-01

15

Vocabulary Learning in a Second Language: Person, Task, Context and Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews empirical research on vocabulary learning strategies in a second/foreign language. A tetrahedral model of person, task, context, and strategies is first proposed to foreground the review. Next, empirical research along task, person, and contextual dimensions is reviewed. Specifically, the review focuses on task-dependent guessing…

Gu, Peter Yongqi

2003-01-01

16

Business Students' Beliefs about Language Learning in a University Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the influence of learner beliefs on performance and satisfaction in particular instructional contexts is uncontested, empirical studies have so far concentrated on students in various geographical rather than discipline-specific settings. Starting from the premise that tertiary sector ESP students may have more in common than their choice…

Trinder, Ruth

2013-01-01

17

A Short Survey on Causal Inference, with Implications for Context of Learning Studies of Second Language Acquisition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The study of SLA, as is true for much social science research, aims broadly at answering questions of causality--for instance, "Is one learning context more likely than another to promote gains in second language learning?" Context-of-learning research in the study of SLA, however, often involves observational, rather than experimental,…

Lazar, Nicole A.

2004-01-01

18

Factors Influencing Language-Learning Strategy Use of English Learners in an ESL Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study employed the Strategy Inventory for Language Learning (SILL), version 7.0 (ESL/EFL) developed by Oxford (1990) to examine differences in language-learning strategy use. It focused on how learner factors such as gender, age, nationality, and proficiency level influence the choice of language-learning strategies. The participants were 75…

Nguyen, Ngan; Godwyll, Francis

2010-01-01

19

A Context-Aware Ubiquitous Learning Environment for Language Listening and Speaking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper reported the results of a study that aimed to construct a sensor and handheld augmented reality (AR)-supported ubiquitous learning (u-learning) environment called the Handheld English Language Learning Organization (HELLO), which is geared towards enhancing students' language learning. The HELLO integrates sensors, AR, ubiquitous…

Liu, T.-Y.

2009-01-01

20

The Impact of Cultural Background on the Choice of Language Learning Strategies in the JFL Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Language learning strategies have been researched for more than 30 years yet there remain many unanswered questions. Some of these questions relate to the target language being studied, specifically Japanese, and the influence of learner variables on the choice of language learning strategies, specifically cultural background. This study seeks to…

Grainger, Peter

2012-01-01

21

Essay: Learning a Second Language  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What challenges face students who are learning a second language at the same time as they are learning science? This essay considers some of the difficulties associated with learning to speak, read, and write in a second language. Although the principles of language learning discussed here can be generalized across languages and contexts, this essay considers situations in which English is both the language of instruction and the language being learned.

Ellen Bialystok, York U.

2008-01-01

22

Language Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The articles in this journal issue explore classroom methods for enhancing language acquisition. The titles of the articles and their authors are as follows: (1) Forests and Trees: Conservation and Reforestation" (Joyce S. Steward); (2) "Using Literature to Teach Language" (Richard D. Cureton); (3) "Language Learning through Sentence Combining"…

Karolides, Nicholas J., Ed.

1985-01-01

23

Contexts for Learning: English Language Learners in a US Middle School  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within the sociocultural theoretical framework that this paper adopts, learning, including second-language learning, is conceptualised as increasing participation in a community of practice. Thus it becomes of central importance to examine the nature of the community itself and the kinds of participatory opportunities that it supports or discourages. For it is through their engagement in the specific practices of their

Mari Haneda

2008-01-01

24

Multimedia Integration for Language e-Learning: Content, Context and the e-Dossier  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the education world, it is widely accepted that language learning is one of the pioneering disciplines in the application and use of the information and communication technologies, initially preceded by the widespread use of audiovisual resources which, finally integrated in the digital space, bring about the use of multimedia. Additionally,…

Sanchez-Villalon, Pedro Pablo; Ortega, Manuel; Sanchez-Villalon, Asuncion

2010-01-01

25

Language Learners in Study Abroad Contexts. Second Language Acquisition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examining the overseas experience of language learners in diverse contexts through a variety of theoretical and methodological approaches, studies in this volume look at the acquisition of language use, socialization processes, learner motivation, identity and learning strategies. In this way, the volume offers a privileged window into learner…

DuFon, Margaret A., Ed.; Churchill, Eton, Ed.

2006-01-01

26

Vocational options: the impact of a vocational context on teaching and learning modern foreign languages at Key Stage 4  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the light of recommendations made by the Tomlinson and Dearing reports, this article explores the distinctive contribution that vocational language courses can make to the language learning experience of secondary-school pupils. It starts by presenting an overview of vocational options currently on offer to stem the disaffection with modern foreign languages (MFL) experienced by many 14–16 year olds in

Françoise Allen; Béatrice Davies

2009-01-01

27

Oracy: social facets of language learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Researchers and educators have developed an interest in language development. Their studies focused on the cultural context in which language is learned and developed and its relationship to cognitive development. This article reviews the researchers’ definitions on oracy and its social facets of language learning. Specifically, it reviews studies that describe (1) how language develops, beginning at birth and throughout

Olivia N. Saracho; Bernard Spodek

2007-01-01

28

Language Acquisition and Language Learning: A Plea for Syncretism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the apparent opposition between the concepts of language learning and language acquisition in the context of adult second-language study. Proposes that these two concepts are mutually supportive, not mutually exclusive. Demonstrates how the implications of learning vs. acquisition can be integrated into a communicative…

Higgs, Theodore V.

1985-01-01

29

Vocational Options: The Impact of a Vocational Context on Teaching and Learning Modern Foreign Languages at Key Stage 4  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the light of recommendations made by the Tomlinson and Dearing reports, this article explores the distinctive contribution that vocational language courses can make to the language learning experience of secondary-school pupils. It starts by presenting an overview of vocational options currently on offer to stem the disaffection with modern…

Allen, Francoise; Davies, Beatrice

2009-01-01

30

Effect of Academic Major on Students' Use of Language Learning Strategies: A Diary Study in a Chinese Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The research reported here explored how students' use of language learning strategies (LLS) was affected by their academic major. The data were collected by asking students to keep a four-week diary, and then the findings were examined within the model of learning developed by Biggs. An analysis of diary entries showed that, although there were…

Rao, Zhenhui; Liu, Fulan

2011-01-01

31

Context Learning in Okapi.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of users of information retrieval systems focuses on a machine-learning approach to inferring the user's context in the Okapi system. Results of an evaluation experiment are given, and it is concluded that context learning can help information retrieval systems adapt to users' particular queries. (Author/LRW)

Goker, Ayse

1997-01-01

32

Oracy: Social Facets of Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Researchers and educators have developed an interest in language development. Their studies focused on the cultural context in which language is learned and developed and its relationship to cognitive development. This article reviews the researchers' definitions on oracy and its social facets of language learning. Specifically, it reviews…

Saracho, Olivia N.; Spodek, Bernard

2007-01-01

33

Socio-Cultural Context of Operations: Culture and Foreign Language Learning for Company-Grade Officers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this study was to identify the sociocultural aspects of mission performance for company-grade officers and to identify a core set of learning objectives for the precommissioning phase of the Basic Officer Leader Course (BOLC-A). To determin...

A. Abbe J. A. Gallus

2012-01-01

34

LANGUAGE LEARNING--READINGS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

SELECTED ARTICLES ON SECOND LANGUAGE LEARNING AND REPORTS OF RESEARCH ON LANGUAGE LEARNING AND TEACHING, PUBLISHED FROM 1960 TO 1966, ARE PROVIDED IN THIS PACKET. INCLUDED ARE--(1) "UNDER-ACHIEVEMENT IN FL LEARNING" BY PAUL PIMSLEUR, DONALD M. SUNDLAND, AND RUTH D. MCINTYRE, (2) "THE PREDICTION OF SUCCESS IN INTENSIVE FL TRAINING" BY JOHN B.…

Modern Language Association of America, New York, NY.

35

Electronic Tandem Language Learning (eTandem): A Third Approach to Second Language Learning for the 21st Century  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tandem language learning occurs when two learners of different native languages work together to help each other learn the other language. First used in face-to-face contexts, Tandem is now increasingly being used by language-learning partners located in different countries who are linked via various forms of electronic communication, a context

Cziko, Gary A.

2004-01-01

36

Electronic Tandem Language Learning (eTandem): A Third Approach to Second Language Learning for the 21st Century  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Tandem language learning occurs when two learners of different native languages work together to help each other learn the other language. First used in face-to-face contexts, Tandem is now increasingly being used by language-learning partners located in different countries who are linked via various forms of electronic communication, a context

Cziko, Gary A.

2004-01-01

37

Learning and Retaining through Context and Imagination.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A university second language program using associative learning and context to enhance retention of words, expressions, and structures is described. Observed results of this situational approach are discussed. (MSE)|

Rosenthal, Alan S.

1987-01-01

38

Oral Language and Literacy Learning in Context: The Role of Social Relationships. Reading Research Report No. 57.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study examined the effects on early literacy learning of two dimensions of learning contexts: formality (peer writing and pretend play) and social relationships (friends and acquaintances). Same gender dyads of kindergarten friends were observed in peer writing and pretend play settings across the school year. A total of 33 males and 23 females…

Pellegrini, A. D.; Galda, Lee

39

Communicative language teaching in EFL contexts: Learner attitudes and perceptions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reflecting a trend in Asian contexts generally, the Taiwan Ministry of Educa- tion has recently initiated curricular changes intended to reflect a more com- municative approach to English language learning. The impact of this policy initiative awaits documentation. Research has highlighted the challenges asso- ciated with the adoption of communicative language teaching in EFL contexts. However, while many studies report

Sandra J. Savignon; Chaochang Wang

2003-01-01

40

Literacy and Language Development Within Microcomputervideodisg-Assisted Interactive Contexts  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the past decade developmental psycholinguists focused primary attention on the social and interpersonal aspects of children's language. This line of research parallels the recent emphasis on pragmatics and discourse analysis. Some preliminary studies have been conducted on the interactive contexts in which language is learned and on the role of adult input language in the child's communicative development. This

Philip M. Prinz

1991-01-01

41

Context, Learning, and Extinction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A. Redish et al. (2007) proposed a reinforcement learning model of context-dependent learning and extinction in conditioning experiments, using the idea of "state classification" to categorize new observations into states. In the current article, the authors propose an interpretation of this idea in terms of normative statistical inference. They…

Gershman, Samuel J.; Blei, David M.; Niv, Yael

2010-01-01

42

Online Learning in Context  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter will explore the implications of courseware design and use in online learning environments for not only individual\\u000a learner expectations but also expectations of the learning community as a whole. The concept of context density and its importance\\u000a in formal online learning environments will be stressed. It will be argued that the lack of adumbrations in online communication\\u000a necessitates

Diana Stirling

43

Mediating Academic Language Learning Through Classroom Discourse  

Microsoft Academic Search

For school-aged students who are learning ESL, the discourse of the classroom must simultaneously construct curriculum knowledge\\u000a and be a site for second language development. This chapter focuses on academic language learning in the ESL school context,\\u000a in particular on how language learning is mediated through classroom discourse. While linguistic, social, and sociocognitive\\u000a traditions have interpreted the nature of interaction

Pauline Gibbons

44

Language Learner Strategy Research and Modern Foreign Language Teaching and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article addresses language learner strategy research in the context of second language learning and teaching in the UK. It arises from two sources: firstly, a personal background in research and writing about language learner strategy research in the context of modern foreign language learning and teaching in England and Wales; secondly, a…

Grenfell, Michael

2007-01-01

45

Pragmatics and Language Learning, Volume 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The selection of papers from the 6th Annual International Conference on Pragmatics and Language Learning (Urbana, Illinois, April 1992) include: "Discourse Markers Across Language" (Bruce Fraser); "Conjunction and Causality: Pragmatics and the Lexicon" (Yael Ziv); "Situated Discourse: The Sociocultural Context of Conversation in a Second Language"…

Bouton, Lawrence F., Ed.; Kachru, Yamuna, Ed.

46

Contextual Dynamics in Foreign Language Learning Motivation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning context has increasingly been postulated to exert an influence on the dynamics of individual differences in language learning. In a longitudinal design that tested the proficiency gains of 1,682 learners over a 2-year foreign language program, a multilevel modeling approach was deployed in this study to account for variation in second…

Kozaki, Yoko; Ross, Steven J.

2011-01-01

47

Contextual Dynamics in Foreign Language Learning Motivation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Learning context has increasingly been postulated to exert an influence on the dynamics of individual differences in language learning. In a longitudinal design that tested the proficiency gains of 1,682 learners over a 2-year foreign language program, a multilevel modeling approach was deployed in this study to account for variation in second…

Kozaki, Yoko; Ross, Steven J.

2011-01-01

48

Problem-Based Learning in a Programming Context-Planning and Executing a Pilot Survey on Database Access in a Programming Language  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this chapter we describe a pilot survey on applying problem-based learning (PBL) in an undergraduate programming course. During the course the students have applied PBL as a complement to traditional teaching and learning techniques. The PBL problem in this survey combines both knowledge about programming and knowledge about databases. We argue that to handle programming the students have to learn programming according to the deep approach to learning in order to be able to apply their knowledge in new programming situations and contexts. The result from this pilot survey indicates from both a tutor and a student perspective that PBL could be one method to reach a deeper understanding on how to access databases in a programming language.

Bellström, Peter; Kilbrink, Nina

49

Language in Development Constrained: Three Contexts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Explores the political, ethical, and professional dilemmas faced by English-as-a-Second-Language professionals working in the context of Australian language aid projects in Laos, East Timor, and Cambodia. Illuminates how language aid practitioners have to deal with issues of language choice, ownership, and political context. (Author/VWL)|

Appleby, Roslyn; Copley, Kath; Sithirajvongsa, Sisamone; Pennycook, Alastair

2002-01-01

50

Language in Development Constrained: Three Contexts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the political, ethical, and professional dilemmas faced by English-as-a-Second-Language professionals working in the context of Australian language aid projects in Laos, East Timor, and Cambodia. Illuminates how language aid practitioners have to deal with issues of language choice, ownership, and political context. (Author/VWL)

Appleby, Roslyn; Copley, Kath; Sithirajvongsa, Sisamone; Pennycook, Alastair

2002-01-01

51

Integrated Digital Language Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

While the field of technology-enhanced language learning (TELL) is undeniably thriving, most technology-enhanced language\\u000a tools are still relatively crude. One reason for this is that the field is disconnected from research in natural language\\u000a processing (NLP) and corpus linguistics (CL), two fields which could greatly improve the effectiveness of most pedagogical\\u000a tools. The research carried out within the framework of

Georges Antoniadis; Sylviane Granger; Olivier Kraif; Claude Ponton; Julia Medori; Virginie Zampa

52

Early Dual Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Parents and child care personnel in English-dominant parts of the world often express misgivings about raising children bilingually. Their concerns are based on the belief that dual language learning during the infant-toddler stage confuses children, delays their development, and perhaps even results in reduced language competence. In this…

Genesee, Fred

2008-01-01

53

Infant artificial language learning and language acquisition  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rapidity with which children acquire language is one of the mysteries of human cognition. A view held widely for the past 30 years is that children master language by means of a language-specific learning device. An earlier proposal, which has generated renewed interest, is that children make use of domain-general, associative learning mechanisms. However, our current lack of knowledge

Rebecca L. Gómez; LouAnn Gerken

2000-01-01

54

Hypnosis and Language Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A thorough investiqation is attempted of efforts to apply hypnosis and suggestive learning techniques to education in general and specifically to second language learning. Hypnosis is discussed in terms of its dangers, its definition, and its application. Included in this discussion is a comparison of auto- and hetero-hypnosis, an overview of the…

Hammerman, Myrna Lynn

55

Autonomy in Language Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Ten papers from a January 1990 conference in Britain on the meaning and implications of autonomy for school learners of second languages address theoretical and practical issues in independent study, learner-controlled instruction, cooperative learning, teacher-student relationship, learner responsibility, students with learning difficulties, and…

Gathercole, Ian, Ed.

56

Language-Learning.net  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

International WHERE+HOW, longtime publisher of Guides to Language Centres, has launched an online successor, providing free access to "the most comprehensive language schools directory online." The heart of the site is the Language Course Finder, a database of over 6,000 schools in 80 countries teaching 70 languages. Users begin browsing the database by selecting a language from a pull-down menu, then selecting a country where they wish to learn it. Users can then select from a number of variables, such as location (urban, rural, seaside), type of language courses, other activities, special services, and additional programs, to narrow their search. Alternatively, visitors can type in a city or institute where they wish to study. In both cases, the database returns contact information, including a URL when available, and a link to a more detailed listing. When reviewing the site using Netscape, we discovered to our annoyance that all attempts to backtrack to change our query produced a "Data Missing" error, forcing us to start again from the beginning, but this was not the case when using IE. In addition to the database, the main site offers a variety of language learning resources and may be viewed in an impressive number of languages.

57

Learning Strategies and Second Language Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the definition and classification of second language learning strategies, the range of strategies used among second language learners, the importance of learning strategies, and learner strategy training. (Author/VWL)|

Rass, Ruwaida Abu

2000-01-01

58

Adapting communicative language teaching approach to China's context  

Microsoft Academic Search

The issue on which this essay focuses is how to adapt the Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) Approach to China's context. With the recent accession to the WTO, the long-awaited Olympic games in Beijing, China has made learning English a national priority. It is very important and necessary to research on how to adapt CLT flexibly and appropriately to China's context

YE Jin

2007-01-01

59

Learning Languages through Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|While posing important questions about how learning proceeds with new technologies, this volume demonstrates how teachers captivate the imagination of learners, from schoolchildren to postgraduates, by providing real-world purposes for language. The authors are from educational institutions in many regions of the world, and describe technology…

Hanson-Smith, Elizabeth, Ed.; Rilling, Sarah, Ed.

2007-01-01

60

Te Kohanga Reo Hei Tikanga Ako i te Reo Maori: Te Kohanga Reo as a context for language learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Te Kohanga Reo is an indigenous educational intervention aiming to recover Maori language usage; a need anticipated in early research by Clay (1968). This paper argues that understanding the effectiveness of Te Kohanga Reo for language development and for classroom discourse requires two things. Firstly, a theoretical framework which enables language acquisition to be seen as culturally contextualised and secondly

Margie Hohepa; Linda Tuhiwai Smith; Stuart McNaughton

1992-01-01

61

Language acquisition context and language organization in bilinguals  

Microsoft Academic Search

A distinction between compound and coordinate bilingualism has been employed to conceptualize linguistic organization in bilinguals. Compound bilinguals are those who acquired their languages in a joint context and therefore are presumed to store linguistic information interdependently. Coordinates include those who acquired their languages in separate contexts and therefore are presumed to maintain independent linguistic stores. To study the usefulness

William L. Gekoski

1980-01-01

62

Trauma and Second Language Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Explores how the experience of trauma of refugees affects their learning in general and their second language learning in particular. Discusses the role of teachers. The focus is on adult refugees learning English in Canada. (Author/VWL)|

McDonald, Susan

2000-01-01

63

Trauma and Second Language Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores how the experience of trauma of refugees affects their learning in general and their second language learning in particular. Discusses the role of teachers. The focus is on adult refugees learning English in Canada. (Author/VWL)

McDonald, Susan

2000-01-01

64

Assessment in Intercultural Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper provides background to considering how to assess intercultural language learning. It describes why traditional views of assessment are not sufficient. Essentially, assessing intercultural language learning requires assessment of both students' performance of communication in the target language and how they understand and explain the…

Scarino, Angela

2008-01-01

65

Language-Based Learning Disabilities  

MedlinePLUS

... or just learning disabilities , is better because of the relationship between spoken and written language. Many children with reading problems have spoken language problems. The child with dyslexia has trouble almost exclusively with ...

66

Language Revitalization and Language Pedagogy: New Teaching and Learning Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Language learning and teaching of endangered languages have many features and needs that are quite different from the teaching of world languages. Groups whose languages are endangered try to turn language loss around; many new language teaching and learning strategies are emerging, to suit the special needs and goals of language revitalization.…

Hinton, Leanne

2011-01-01

67

Acquiring Language in Communicative Contexts.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The role which elements of the communicative, interactive setting play in the induction of language was analyzed. Gestures were found to provide little of an entree into the linguistic system for the young child. However, gestures accompanying a what ques...

M. J. Shatz

1981-01-01

68

Language context guides memory content  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between language and memory was examined by testing accessibility of general knowledge across two languages\\u000a in bilinguals. Mandarin-English speakers were asked questions such as “name a statue of someone standing with a raised arm\\u000a while looking into the distance” and were more likely to name the Statue of Liberty when asked in English and the Statue of\\u000a Mao

Viorica Marian; Margarita Kaushanskaya

2007-01-01

69

Assessing Second Language Writing in Academic Contexts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The articles contained in this volume on second language writing evaluation focus on the evaluation of academic English learned as a second language (ESL). Essays include: "Assessment by Misconception: Cultural Influences and Intellectual Traditions" (Brigid Ballard, John Clanchy); "Reading the World Differently: A Cross-Cultural Approach to…

Hamp-Lyons, Liz, Ed.

70

Context Awareness and Adaptation in Mobile Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the importance of context-awareness and adaptation in mobile learning. Context-aware mobile learning that senses mobile environment and reacts to changing context during learning process has four interaction modes with three mobile entities of different mobility. Contexts in mobile learning are categorized into six dimensions that form a context space. Several mobile learning systems are examined according to

Yuan-kai Wang

2004-01-01

71

Discovering the Relationship between Context and Allophones in a Second Language: Evidence for Distribution-Based Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The identification of stressed syllables by adult second-language (L2) Spanish learners was examined for evidence of influence of an allophonic alternation driven by word position and stress. The Spanish voiced stop-approximant alternation, whereby stops occur in stressed-syllable and word onsets, was utilized. If L2 learners track the…

Shea, Christine E.; Curtin, Suzanne

2011-01-01

72

Should Bilingual Children Learn Reading in Two Languages at the Same Time or in Sequence?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Is it best to learn reading in two languages simultaneously or sequentially? We observed second- and third-grade children in two-way "dual-language learning contexts": (a) 50:50 or Simultaneous dual-language (two languages within same developmental period) and (b) 90:10 or Sequential dual-language (one language, followed gradually by the other).…

Berens, Melody S.; Kovelman, Ioulia; Petitto, Laura-Ann

2013-01-01

73

Talking, Creating: Interactional Language, Creativity, and Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|When creative uses of spoken language have been investigated, the main examples have been restricted to particular contexts such as narrative and related story-telling genres. This paper reports on an initial investigation using the 5 million word CANCODE corpus of everyday spoken English and discusses a range of social contexts in which creative…

Carter, Ronald; McCarthy, Michael

2004-01-01

74

Second Language Reading and Vocabulary Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book contains 14 essays on reading and vocabulary learning in second language acquisition. Chapters include: "Research on ESL/EFL Vocabulary Acquisition: Putting It in Context" (James Coady); "Implications for L2 Vocabulary Acquisition and Instruction From L1 Vocabulary Research" (Fredricka Stoller and William Grabe); "Patterns and Perils of…

Huckin, Thomas, Ed.; And Others

75

Chaos, Complexity and Language Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Complex systems theory is a relatively new paradigm for understanding systems behavior. It was originally developed in the fields of mathematics and physical sciences. Complex systems theory has also been widely proposed as an important new way to look at social and cognitive sciences, including language learning. One criticism of this new paradigm in the field of language learning is

Bill Harshbarger

76

The Effects of Context on Incidental Vocabulary Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Japanese university students learning English as a foreign language (EFL) encountered 10 target words in 3 sets of 10 short contexts that were rated on the amount of information available to infer the target words' meanings. One group of learners met the target words in contexts rated more highly than the contexts read by the other group. A…

Webb, Stuart

2008-01-01

77

The effects of context on incidental vocabulary learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Japanese university students learning English as a foreign language (EFL) encountered 10 target words in 3 sets of 10 short contexts that were rated on the amount of information available to infer the target words' meanings. One group of learners met the target words in contexts rated more highly than the contexts read by the other group. A surprise vocabulary

Stuart Webb

2008-01-01

78

Learning to Trust and Trusting to Learn: A Discussion of the Attitudes of the Teacher and Student in the Counseling-Learning\\/Community Language Learning Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author explores the relationship between learning and trusting in four different contexts. In all four contexts the principles of Counseling-Learning and Community Language Learning are seen at work. In the first part of the paper the philosophy of Counseling- Learning is set forth. In the next part, a workshop in Counseling-Learning and Community Lanuage Learning is described. In this

Lois Rosen

1976-01-01

79

An Experiment on Supporting Children's English Vocabulary Learning in Multimedia Context  

Microsoft Academic Search

Learning in context is an important component of second language (L2) vocabulary teaching and learning. However, young children may encounter some difficulties in dealing with the context. Hence learning support should be included to facilitate learning. The present study examined the effects of two types of learning support on Chinese children's (7 years of age) learning of English words: sentence-level

Yanqing Sun; Qi Dong

2004-01-01

80

Learning in Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|When geometry and career and technical education (CTE) are cotaught in the process of building a house, learning is enhanced, test scores improve, and there's a waiting list of students wanting in. Geometry in Construction is a class instructed by the authors--a CTE teacher (Scott Burke) and a mathematics teacher (Tom Moore). While Moore…

Burke, Scott; Moore, Tom

2009-01-01

81

Language Awareness in Language Learning and Teaching: A Research Agenda  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Following on from my state-of-the-art article on "Language Awareness and language learning" (Svalberg 2007), in this paper I will discuss specific research tasks which are centrally concerned with different aspects of language awareness (LA): "explicit knowledge about language, and conscious perception and sensitivity in language learning,…

Svalberg, Agneta M.-L.

2012-01-01

82

How to Learn a Foreign Language.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book covers many practical aspects of language learning. The first section entitled "The 'Whys' of Language Learning" discusses such topics as the following: (1) everyone can learn a language; (2) easier and more difficult elements in a language and classification of languages according to difficulty for speakers of English; (3) length of…

Pimsleur, Paul

83

The Challenge of Assessing Cultural Understanding in the Context of Foreign Language Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Numerous publications, including the "Standards for Foreign Language Learning in the 21st Century" (National Standards, 1999), emphasize the importance of cultural understanding in the development of intercultural competence in foreign language learning. However, there is no agreement on how culture should be defined operationally in the context

Schulz, Renate A.

2007-01-01

84

Engaging students in an online situated language learning environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous studies have emphasized the relationship between students' engagement and learning performance, and yet the context in which students and the teacher interact to engage each other has been ignored. In order to engage college students who are learning English as a foreign language (EFL) in the context of a big class, this study developed a system, which is an

Yu-Fen Yang

2011-01-01

85

Engaging Students in an Online Situated Language Learning Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Previous studies have emphasized the relationship between students' engagement and learning performance, and yet the context in which students and the teacher interact to engage each other has been ignored. In order to engage college students who are learning English as a foreign language (EFL) in the context of a big class, this study developed…

Yang, Yu-Fen

2011-01-01

86

Social Learning, Language and Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article supports the claim that there are strong interactive links between children's language development, cognitive reasoning and their success in school achievement. These links are best facilitated within a social learning framework where children's language and talk is encouraged, accepted and respected. This talk is the most authentic…

Hay, Ian; Fielding-Barnsley, Ruth

2012-01-01

87

Language learning: Cues or rules?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract: Child language researchers have often taken gender and case paradigms,to be interesting test cases for theories of language learning. In this paper we develop a computational model of the acquisition of the gender, number, and case paradigm for the German definite article. The computational formalism used is a connectionist algorithm developed by Rumelhart, Hinton, and Williams (1986). Three models

B. Macwhinney; J. Leinbach; R. Taraban; J. Mc-donald

1989-01-01

88

Vocationally Oriented Language Learning Revisited  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Vocationally oriented language learning (VOLL) is often seen as a part of English for Specific Purposes/Language for Specific Purposes (ESP/LSP), which it is not in every case. The diverging characteristics and lines of development that these two branches of ELT have undergone are outlined and contrasted. Then, a discussion of the added value of…

Vogt, Karin; Kantelinen, Ritva

2013-01-01

89

Language experience changes subsequent learning.  

PubMed

What are the effects of experience on subsequent learning? We explored the effects of language-specific word order knowledge on the acquisition of sequential conditional information. Korean and English adults were engaged in a sequence learning task involving three different sets of stimuli: auditory linguistic (nonsense syllables), visual non-linguistic (nonsense shapes), and auditory non-linguistic (pure tones). The forward and backward probabilities between adjacent elements generated two equally probable and orthogonal perceptual parses of the elements, such that any significant preference at test must be due to either general cognitive biases, or prior language-induced biases. We found that language modulated parsing preferences with the linguistic stimuli only. Intriguingly, these preferences are congruent with the dominant word order patterns of each language, as corroborated by corpus analyses, and are driven by probabilistic preferences. Furthermore, although the Korean individuals had received extensive formal explicit training in English and lived in an English-speaking environment, they exhibited statistical learning biases congruent with their native language. Our findings suggest that mechanisms of statistical sequential learning are implicated in language across the lifespan, and experience with language may affect cognitive processes and later learning. PMID:23200510

Onnis, Luca; Thiessen, Erik

2012-11-28

90

Learning Styles and Foreign Language Learning Difficulties  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In order to identify what other elements besides linguistic deficits could be playing a role in foreign language learning difficulties, the Kolb Learning Styles Inventory was administered to students enrolled in regular and modified Spanish classes at a major U.S. university. Preliminary results gathered as part of a longitudinal study on…

Castro, Obdulia; Peck, Veronica

2005-01-01

91

Musical Learning and Language Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

How do infant learners acquire structure, given complex environ- ments? In this chapter, we consider the role played by statistical learning— tracking patterns in the environment—in the acquisition of language and music. The results from a series of experiments suggest that similar learning mechanisms may operate in both domains, but that these mechanisms are also influenced by domain-specific perceptual biases

JENNY R. SAFFRAN

2003-01-01

92

Language Experience Changes Subsequent Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|What are the effects of experience on subsequent learning? We explored the effects of language-specific word order knowledge on the acquisition of sequential conditional information. Korean and English adults were engaged in a sequence learning task involving three different sets of stimuli: auditory linguistic (nonsense syllables), visual…

Onnis, Luca; Thiessen, Erik

2013-01-01

93

Predictors of Spoken Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We report two sets of experiments showing that the large individual variability in language learning success in adults can be attributed to neurophysiological, neuroanatomical, cognitive, and perceptual factors. In the first set of experiments, native English-speaking adults learned to incorporate lexically meaningfully pitch patterns in words.…

Wong, Patrick C. M.; Ettlinger, Marc

2011-01-01

94

(Re)Conceptualizing Design Approaches for Mobile Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An exploratory study conducted at George Brown College in Toronto, Canada between 2007 and 2009 investigated language learning with mobile devices as an approach to augmenting ESP learning by taking learning outside the classroom into the real-world context. In common with findings at other community colleges, this study identified inadequate…

Hoven, Debra; Palalas, Agnieszka

2011-01-01

95

(Re)Conceptualizing Design Approaches for Mobile Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An exploratory study conducted at George Brown College in Toronto, Canada between 2007 and 2009 investigated language learning with mobile devices as an approach to augmenting ESP learning by taking learning outside the classroom into the real-world context. In common with findings at other community colleges, this study identified inadequate…

Hoven, Debra; Palalas, Agnieszka

2011-01-01

96

Reflections on Language Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The collection of papers, dedicated to Maria Antonieta Alba Celani, a celebrated English professor in Brazil, consists of writings by colleagues on four themes: developments stemming from Dr. Celani's Brazilian national project for the teaching of English for special purposes; language teacher training; language processing; and analysis of…

Barbara, Leila, Ed.; Scott, Mike, Ed.

97

Language Learning and Deafness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of original papers draws upon work in linguistics, psychology, and education to highlight the relationship between language acquisition in deaf and hearing populations. The book's 11 chapters are divided into 2 sections, Theoretical Issues and Research Reports. Titles and authors are as follows: "Language Varieties in the Deaf…

Strong, Michael, Ed.

98

Language Learning and Deafness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This collection of original papers draws upon work in linguistics, psychology, and education to highlight the relationship between language acquisition in deaf and hearing populations. The book's 11 chapters are divided into 2 sections, Theoretical Issues and Research Reports. Titles and authors are as follows: "Language Varieties in the Deaf…

Strong, Michael, Ed.

99

Language learning strategies and suggested model in adults processes of learning second language  

Microsoft Academic Search

Language learning strategies have crucial values for second language learners because they are means for activity and self –evaluation. These strategies can help to progresses and these communicating competences. In regard to the importance of language English language as a foreign language and based on the resent research which implicated that foreign language learners use less language learning strategies than

Masoud Gholamali Lavasani; Fereshteh Faryadres

2011-01-01

100

Chapter Five: Language Learning and Discursive Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter is framed by the three questions related to learning in Practice Theory posed by Johannes Wagner (2008): (1) What is learned?; (2) Who is learning?; and (3) Who is participating in the learning? These questions are addressed in two learning theories: Language Socialization and Situated Learning theory. In Language Socialization, the…

Young, Richard F.

2008-01-01

101

Chapter Five: Language Learning and Discursive Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This chapter is framed by the three questions related to learning in Practice Theory posed by Johannes Wagner (2008): (1) What is learned?; (2) Who is learning?; and (3) Who is participating in the learning? These questions are addressed in two learning theories: Language Socialization and Situated Learning theory. In Language Socialization, the…

Young, Richard F.

2008-01-01

102

Authoring of Learning Objects in Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Learning objects and content interchange standards provide new possibilities for e-learning. Nevertheless the content often lacks context data to find appropriate use for adaptive learning on demand and personalized learning experiences. In the Remotely Accessible Field Trips (RAFT) project mobile authoring of learning content in context has…

Specht, Marcus; Kravcik, Milos

2006-01-01

103

The Relationships among Group Size, Participation, and Performance of Programming Language Learning Supported with Online Forums  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the relationships among group size, participation, and learning performance factors when learning a programming language in a computer-supported collaborative learning (CSCL) context. An online forum was used as the CSCL environment for learning the Microsoft ASP.NET programming language. The collaborative-learning experiment…

Shaw, Ruey-Shiang

2013-01-01

104

Autonomy in Foreign Language Learning: A Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Summarizes presentations at an international symposium on "Autonomy and Foreign Language Learning." Topics include the good language learner; experiments in learner autonomy; individualized learning in Italian universities; adult language learning; learner autonomy in the classroom; cultural variation in learning styles; use of computers; and a…

Lombardo, Linda

1990-01-01

105

What We Have Learned from "Learning to Read in More than One Language"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Our goal with this special issue was to bring together a range of research on learning to read in more than one language. In this introduction, we provide an overview of clear diversity across the language pairings, learning contexts and reading-related skills examined. We also highlight some particularly noteworthy and often intriguing findings…

Deacon, Helene; Cain, Kate

2011-01-01

106

How bilingual is bilingual? Mother-tongue proficiency and learning through a second language  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a bilingual context, the mother tongue plays a key role in a child's social and personal development, in education and in second-language learning. There is a complex relationship between these three areas. Support for children receiving education through a second language is often in the form of additional learning opportunities in the second language. However, first-language competence has been

Zeliha Yaz?c?; Binnur Genç ?lter; Philip Glover

2010-01-01

107

Implicit Learning of Recursive Context-Free Grammars  

PubMed Central

Context-free grammars are fundamental for the description of linguistic syntax. However, most artificial grammar learning experiments have explored learning of simpler finite-state grammars, while studies exploring context-free grammars have not assessed awareness and implicitness. This paper explores the implicit learning of context-free grammars employing features of hierarchical organization, recursive embedding and long-distance dependencies. The grammars also featured the distinction between left- and right-branching structures, as well as between centre- and tail-embedding, both distinctions found in natural languages. People acquired unconscious knowledge of relations between grammatical classes even for dependencies over long distances, in ways that went beyond learning simpler relations (e.g. n-grams) between individual words. The structural distinctions drawn from linguistics also proved important as performance was greater for tail-embedding than centre-embedding structures. The results suggest the plausibility of implicit learning of complex context-free structures, which model some features of natural languages. They support the relevance of artificial grammar learning for probing mechanisms of language learning and challenge existing theories and computational models of implicit learning.

Rohrmeier, Martin; Fu, Qiufang; Dienes, Zoltan

2012-01-01

108

Applications of Cognitive Load Theory to Multimedia-Based Foreign Language Learning: An Overview  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews the multimedia instructional design literature based on cognitive load theory (CLT) in the context of foreign language learning. Multimedia are of particular importance in language learning materials because they incorporate text, image, and sound, thus offering an integrated learning experience of the four language skills…

Chen, I-Jung; Chang, Chi-Cheng; Lee, Yen-Chang

2009-01-01

109

Understanding Foreign Language Learning Strategies: A Validation Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present work aims to contribute to our understanding of the underlying dimensions of language learning strategies in foreign language contexts. The study analyzes alternative factor structures underlying a recently developed instrument (Tragant and Victori, 2012) and it includes the age factor in the examination of its construct validity. The…

Tragant, Elsa; Thompson, Marilyn S.; Victori, Mia

2013-01-01

110

Understanding Foreign Language Learning Strategies: A Validation Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present work aims to contribute to our understanding of the underlying dimensions of language learning strategies in foreign language contexts. The study analyzes alternative factor structures underlying a recently developed instrument (Tragant and Victori, 2012) and it includes the age factor in the examination of its construct validity. The…

Tragant, Elsa; Thompson, Marilyn S.; Victori, Mia

2013-01-01

111

Promoting ESP language learning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The article focuses on the current problem of teaching English for a Specific Purposes (ESP) languarge vocabulary taking into consideration the ways how learners store and recall words and the influence of their mother tongue. Through incidental learning and explicit vocabulary instructions the elaborated vocabulary learning occurs involving the creating of an affective semantic network.

Mineeva, S. A.

2003-10-01

112

Tangibles for toddlers learning language  

Microsoft Academic Search

Here we present LinguaBytes, a modular, tangible play-and-learning system developed to stimulate the language and communication skills of toddlers (with a developmental age between 1 and 4 years) with multiple disabilities. The typical characteristics of these children and their common learning environment call for intelligent systems that are quickly and easily adaptable, or, even better, adjust themselves proactively. Over the

Bart Hengeveld; Caroline Hummels; Kees C. J. Overbeeke; Riny Voort; Hans Van Balkom; Jan De Moor

2009-01-01

113

Identity, Language Learning, and Social Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this review article on identity, language learning, and social change, we argue that contemporary poststructuralist theories of language, identity, and power offer new perspectives on language learning and teaching, and have been of considerable interest in our field. We first review poststructuralist theories of language, subjectivity, and…

Norton, Bonny; Toohey, Kelleen

2011-01-01

114

Identity, Language Learning, and Social Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this review article on identity, language learning, and social change, we argue that contemporary poststructuralist theories of language, identity, and power offer new perspectives on language learning and teaching, and have been of considerable interest in our field. We first review poststructuralist theories of language, subjectivity, and…

Norton, Bonny; Toohey, Kelleen

2011-01-01

115

Language Learning Strategies for Peace Corps Volunteers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The handbook gives Peace Corps Volunteers some useful suggestions and ideas about how to improve language learning. A limited time is available to learn a new language as a Peace Corps Volunteer. Language learning time is maximized by using effective lang...

M. Schleppegrell R. Oxford

1989-01-01

116

Effective Motivation in Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This research is about the importance of the integrative, instrumental, and work avoidance motivation in second language learning and being successful. Firstly, we had a motivation questionnaire then we applied this questionnaire and the achievement test to 90 students in Education Faculty English Department. Before the motivation questionnaire…

Seven, Mehmet Ali; Engin, Ali Osman

2008-01-01

117

DRAMA METHOD IN LANGUAGE LEARNING  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of organized play to contribute to the learning of languages through stimulating enjoyment and encouraging confidence, is described. Four relatively straightforward games and two longer, more complex exercises are explained. The application of such games to other areas of education is invited, and the value of television in such work is emphasized.

M. J. Banham

1979-01-01

118

The informational value of contexts affects context-dependent learning.  

PubMed

In two predictive-learning experiments, we investigated the role of the informational value of contexts for the formation of context-dependent behavior. During Phase 1 of each experiment, participants received either a conditional discrimination in which contexts were relevant (Group Relevant) or a simple discrimination in which contexts were irrelevant (Group Irrelevant). Each experiment also included an ABA renewal procedure. Participants received Z+ in context A during Phase 1, extinction of Z in context B during Phase 2, and were tested with Z in context A during a test phase. In each experiment, extinction of Z proceeded faster and was followed by stronger response recovery in Group Relevant than in Group Irrelevant. In Experiment 2, which included recording of eye-gaze behavior, dwell times on contexts were longer in Group Relevant than in Group Irrelevant. Our results support the idea that relevant contexts receive more attention, leading to stronger context specificity of learning. PMID:23400807

Lucke, Sara; Lachnit, Harald; Koenig, Stephan; Uengoer, Metin

2013-09-01

119

Languages as Socio-Cultural Capital in the Context of Contemporary Linguistic Reality of Jamaica  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper, "Languages as Socio-Cultural Capital in the Context of Contemporary Linguistic Reality of Jamaica." examines how the narratives of students can offer useful understanding and insights into their attitudes and achievements in second language acquisition. These situations are specific to Creole-speaking learning environments in Jamaica…

Davids, Melva P.

2013-01-01

120

Exploring the role of explicit knowledge in adult second language learning: language proficiency, pedagogical grammar and language learning strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is often assumed that adults learn more successfully by drawing on explicit knowledge. In the field of second language (L2) learning, this assumption has been applied to both knowledge about language learning and knowledge about language, as exemplified respectively by research into the use of language learning strategies and the relationship between metalinguistic knowledge and L2 proficiency in formal

Karen Roehr

2004-01-01

121

A Study of Contextualised Mobile Information Delivery for Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Mobile devices offer unique opportunities to deliver learning content in authentic learning situations. Apart from being able to play various kinds of rich multimedia content, they offer new ways of tailoring information to the learner's situation or context. This paper presents the results of a study of mobile media delivery for language

de Jong, Tim; Specht, Marcus; Koper, Rob

2010-01-01

122

Tutors' Influence on Distance Language Students' Learning Motivation: Voices from Learners and Tutors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Teachers' influence on students' learning motivation is a well-researched topic. Nevertheless, the majority of such studies are situated in the conventional learning context despite the rapid growth of distance language learning. This study set out to investigate tutors' influence on students' learning motivation in the Chinese distance language

Xiao, Junhong

2012-01-01

123

Supporting Oral Second Language Use: A Learning Experience in a First Grade German Immersion Class  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes a learning context in which the first grade classroom teacher creates a learning community where she uses different teaching strategies to encourage children’s second language use and learning. The first graders share, discuss, and learn both the second language (German) and content.

Sumru Akcan

2005-01-01

124

The role of language in learning physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many studies in PER suggest that language poses a serious difficulty for students learning physics. These difficulties are mostly attributed to misunderstanding of specialized terminology. This terminology often assigns new meanings to everyday terms used to describe physical models and phenomena. In this dissertation I present a novel approach to analyzing of the role of language in learning physics. This approach is based on the analysis of the historical development of physics ideas, the language of modern physicists, and students' difficulties in the areas of quantum mechanics, classical mechanics, and thermodynamics. These data are analyzed using linguistic tools borrowed from cognitive linguistics and systemic functional grammar. Specifically, I combine the idea of conceptual metaphor and grammar to build a theoretical framework that accounts for: (1) the role and function that language serves for physicists when they speak and reason about physical ideas and phenomena, (2) specific features of students' reasoning and difficulties that may be related to or derived from language that students read or hear. The theoretical framework is developed using the methodology of a grounded theoretical approach. The theoretical framework allows us to make predictions about the relationship between student discourse and their conceptual and problem solving difficulties. Tests of the theoretical framework are presented in the context of "heat" in thermodynamics and "force" in dynamics. In each case the language that students use to reason about the concepts of "heat" and "force" is analyzed using the theoretical framework. The results of this analysis show that language is very important in students' learning. In particular, students are (1) using features of physicists' conceptual metaphors to reason about physical phenomena, often overextending and misapplying these features, (2) drawing cues from the grammar of physicists' speech and writing to categorize physics concepts; this categorization of physics concepts plays a key role in students' ability to solve physics problems. In summary, I present a theoretical framework that provides a possible explanation of the role that language plays in learning physics. The framework also attempts to account for how and why physicists' language influences students in the way that it does.

Brookes, David T.

125

Principles and Activities for a Transcultural Approach to Additional Language Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues for the implementation of a transcultural approach to additional language learning to allow students and teachers to interdependently broaden their sociocultural identities within the context of critical language awareness and study with the goal of individuation. (Author/VWL)

Brady, Alan; Shinohara, Yoko

2000-01-01

126

Language learning and retention in young language-disordered children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Simultaneous sign and spoken language training was conducted with young, language-disordered children under standardized training and follow-up conditions with a stringent learning criterion to determine if language learned was stable over time. Twenty-one children between 36 and 86 months with no or nonfunctional language participated in the study. Diagnoses included autism, mental retardation, combined autism and mental retardation, and developmental

Rosslyn Gaines; Campbell Leaper; Caroline Monahan; Anne Weickgenant

1988-01-01

127

Foreign language learning ability  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report on 2 studies of factors involved in learning French is based on 23 tests administered to 208 students in college French, and on 22 tests administered to 202 additional students a year later. The factors extracted and rotated in each study included: Verbal, Reasoning, Speed of Articulation, Pitch Discrimination, Timbre Discrimination, Interest, and Biographic. Multiple correlation test selection

Paul Pimsleur; Robert P. Stockwell; Andrew L. Comrey

1962-01-01

128

Teaching CAD with Language Learning Methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

By looking at computer aided design as design communication we can use pedagogical methods from the well-developed discipline of language learning. Language learning breaks down a complex field into attainable steps, showing how learning strategies and attitudes can enhance mastery. Balancing the linguistic emphases of organizational analysis, communicative intent and contextual application can address different learning styles. Guiding students in

NANCY YEN-WEN CHENG

1997-01-01

129

Architecture of a Context-aware and Adaptive Learning Schedule for Learning Java  

Microsoft Academic Search

Novice programmers require large amounts of time and motivation to learn an object-oriented programming language such as Java. In this paper, the architecture of our context-aware and adaptive learning schedule (CALS) tool is described. The tool has been designed to focus initially on supporting first year computer science undergraduate students to become more proficient Java programmers, and makes use of

Jane Yau; Mike Joy

2007-01-01

130

Video and Second Language Learning. Special Issue.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The extent to which video has come of age with respect to language learning is the focus of this special issue, which provides information on sources of materials and offers practical ideas for the effective and creative use of those materials in second language instruction. Articles include: "Video and Language Learning: A Medium Comes of Age"…

Gillespie, Junetta B., Ed.

1985-01-01

131

Programmed Learning and the Language Laboratory 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The author has compiled these papers in an attempt to show (1) the relevance of programed learning research for language teaching, (2) how better materials for the language laboratory can be developed, and (3) how the language laboratory can be used more efficiently. The first part of this two-part volume contains papers on programed learning in…

Bung, Klaus, Ed.

132

Beliefs and Emotions in Foreign Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From the argument that in languaging worlds are created (Aragao, 2005; Kalaja, 1995, 2003; Maturana and Varela, 2001; Nunez, 1997), this article aims at reflecting about the relationship between emotions and beliefs in foreign language learning. It is argued that beliefs and emotions in language learning/teaching are inter-related and can be…

Aragao, Rodrigo

2011-01-01

133

Making Intercultural Language Learning Visible and Assessable  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|While languages education (Liddicoat, 2002) is being transformed by intercultural language learning theory, there is little illustration of either how students are achieving intercultural learning or how to assess it. This article reports on a study of high school language students in Sydney, Australia. Its findings make visible student…

Moloney, Robyn; Harbon, Lesley

2010-01-01

134

Beliefs and Emotions in Foreign Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|From the argument that in languaging worlds are created (Aragao, 2005; Kalaja, 1995, 2003; Maturana and Varela, 2001; Nunez, 1997), this article aims at reflecting about the relationship between emotions and beliefs in foreign language learning. It is argued that beliefs and emotions in language learning/teaching are inter-related and can be…

Aragao, Rodrigo

2011-01-01

135

Using Digital Comics for Language Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Telling stories by building comic strips is a way to strengthen struggling students' emerging English-language skills and make the difficult job of language learning a much more enjoyable experience. Comic strips are a perfect vehicle for learning a language. Each strip's three or four panels provide a finite, accessible world in which funny or compelling characters live and go about

Bill Zimmerman

2010-01-01

136

Video and Second Language Learning. Special Issue.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The extent to which video has come of age with respect to language learning is the focus of this special issue, which provides information on sources of materials and offers practical ideas for the effective and creative use of those materials in second language instruction. Articles include: "Video and Language Learning: A Medium Comes of Age"…

Gillespie, Junetta B., Ed.

1985-01-01

137

Year 8 Attitudes to Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Carr (2002), in her investigation of boys' alienation from languages and language learning, addressed the question of an "appropriate curriculum" for boys and boys' understanding of masculinity. Boys reported in that research that they preferred physical activities so found the written text orientation of language learning to be "hard" and…

Hajdu, Judy

2005-01-01

138

Language Acquisition as Rational Contingency Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper considers how fluent language users are rational in their language processing, their unconscious language representation systems optimally prepared for comprehension and production, how language learners are intuitive statisticians, and how acquisition can be understood as contingency learning. But there are important aspects of second…

Ellis, Nick C.

2006-01-01

139

Learning Strategies Used by Successful Language Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examines the language learning strategies employed by successful learners of English as a foreign and second language. Two successful English learners whose first languages are Mandarin were interviewed, and asked to complete a questionnaire and a self-evaluation measure to indicate their perceived level of language proficiency as well…

Thu, Tran Hoang

2009-01-01

140

Language Coordinators Resource Kit. Section Six: Ongoing Language Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guide is one section of a resource kit designed to assist Peace Corps language instruction coordinators in countries around the world in understanding the principles underlying second language learning and teaching and in organizing instructional programs. This section is concerned with in-service and independent language training at the…

Peace Corps, Washington, DC. Information Collection and Exchange Div.

141

The Power of Vacillation in Language Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Some extensions are considered of Gold's influential model of language learning by machine from positive data. Studied are criteria of successful learning featuring convergence in the limit to vacillation between several alternative correct grammars. The main theorem of this paper is that there are classes of languages that can be learned if convergence in the limit to up to (n

John Case

1999-01-01

142

Weblogs for English Language Learning: Students' Perceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The digital explosion of information on the Internet has resulted in a need for a new and up-to-date way for Digital Natives to learn English. Educators have reported numerous benefits of using weblogs in English language learning. This article presents a small scale study on the use of weblogs for English language learning at tertiary level in…

Wan, Juida; Tan, Bee Hoon

2011-01-01

143

Computing Laboratory Classes as Language Learning Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Whereas most research on computer-assisted language learning (CALL) tends to rely heavily on the assessment of academic achievement and language learning outcomes, this study involved an evaluation of the psychosocial learning environment in computing laboratories. The What Is Happening In this Class? (WIHIC) and Attitude to Computers and…

Okan, Zuhal

2008-01-01

144

Co-Operative Language Learning: What's News?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This discussion of cooperative second language learning describes the approach in terms of response to three questions: WHO? WHAT? and WHY? The first section "WHO: Major Directors and Actors," chronicles the evolution of cooperative learning in general and cooperative language learning in particular, citing some specific methods and the…

Rodgers, Ted

145

Learning to Transform Natural to Formal Languages  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a method for inducing transformation rules that map natural-language sentences into a formal query or command language. The approach assumes a formal gram- mar for the target representation language and learns trans- formation rules that exploit the non-terminal symbols in this grammar. The learned transformation rules incrementally map a natural-language sentence or its syntactic parse tree into

Rohit J. Kate; Yuk Wah Wong; Raymond J. Mooney

2005-01-01

146

Language Teachers: Research and Studies in Language(s) Education, Teaching, and Learning in "Teaching and Teacher Education," 1985-2012  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The article reviews twelve of 79 articles focusing on language teachers, language(s) teacher education, teaching, and learning published in "Teaching and Teacher Education" since 1985. The twelve articles, divided into three sections, include narrative inquiry and identity, teacher education topics, and contexts. The articles provide local and…

Kleinsasser, Robert C.

2013-01-01

147

Investigating Learners’ Goals in the Context of Adult Second-Language Writing  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Focusing on goals in the context of adults learning to write in English in university contexts, we first review the literature\\u000a published on this topic and relevant psychological theories. We then present analyses of interview and stimulated recall data\\u000a from 6 adults with various language backgrounds preparing for studies at a university in Canada. In this context, learners\\u000a seem to

Alister Cumming; Michael Busch; Ally Zhou

148

Implementing the European Language Portfolio in a Turkish Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study explores the way in which the European Language Portfolio (ELP) is used for teaching English as a foreign language to young learners with the aim of enhancing their involvement in the language learning process. The data for the study were collected through observations in a fourth-grade and a fifth-grade classroom (students' ages…

Yilmaz, Sinem; Akcan, Sumru

2012-01-01

149

Technically Speaking: Transforming Language Learning through Virtual Learning Environments (MOOs)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Though MOOs (multiple user domains object-oriented) have found a limited use in some language courses, their potential for transforming the language learning classroom has not been fully recognized or valued. In Fall 1998 and 1999, the authors teamed up to teach the first language course conducted almost entirely using a MOO and involving a 7-week exchange between students learning German

Silke von der Emde; Jeffrey Schneider; Markus Kötter

2001-01-01

150

Cooperative Language Learning: Increasing Opportunities for Learning in Teams  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper conceptualizes cooperative language learning, group instruction which is under the learner-centered approach where the groups are formed in such a way that each member performs his or her task to achieve the goal. Previous research indicates that cooperative language learning doesn't only improve learners' language skills, but also…

Wichadee, Saovapa; Orawiwatnakul, Wiwat

2012-01-01

151

Language Learning Styles and Learning Strategies of Tertiary-Level English Learners in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study focuses on the relationship between learning styles and language learning strategies in the EFL context in China. The study presents two kinds of data: quantitative and qualitative. In the quantitative study, the subjects consisted of 187 second-year undergraduates. Two self-reported inventories, the Chinese version of MBTI-G and a…

Jie, Li; Xiaoqing, Qin

2006-01-01

152

Tracking Context Changes through Meta-Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article deals with the problem of learning incrementally (‘on-line’) in domains where the target concepts are context-dependent, so that changes in context can produce more or less radical changes in the associated concepts. In particular, we concentrate on a class of learning tasks where the domain provides explicit clues as to the current context (e.g., attributes with characteristic values).

Gerhard Widmer; Ryszard S. Michalski; Janusz Wnek

1997-01-01

153

Supporting Authentic Learning Contexts Beyond Classroom Walls  

Microsoft Academic Search

At the classroom level, contexts for learning are often limited in the experiential component. Teachers and trainers feel\\u000a overwhelmed by the difficulty of inventing authentic learning\\u000a contexts, and creating tasks that truly reflect the way knowledge would be used in the real world (Herrington et al. 2004).\\u000a However, there are growing numbers of examples of how such authentic learning environments

Jan Herrington; Marcus Specht; Gwyn Brickell; Barry Harper

2009-01-01

154

Learning electronic literacy skills in an online language learning community  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is about the learning that happens in the synchronous text chat forum of on online group of English Language learners and tutors. It is a socioculturally oriented case study of an informal virtual community called Webheads, who meet online in various places on the internet. Although dedicated to English Language learning, much other learning takes place within the

James Simpson

2005-01-01

155

The Roles of "Second Life" in a College Computer-Assisted Language Learning (CALL) Course in Taiwan, ROC  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Various language learning projects using "Second Life" (SL) have been documented; still, their specific learning potentials, particularly in English as a foreign language (EFL) context, remain to be explored. The current study aims to add one piece of empirical evidence on how SL can be infused into a computer-assisted language learning (CALL)…

Liou, Hsien-Chin

2012-01-01

156

Learning to Teach with Videoconferencing in Primary Foreign Language Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study investigates the relationship between learning opportunities and teacher cognition in the context of a videoconferencing (VC) project for foreign languages (FL) in French primary schools. Six generalist primary teachers were followed throughout the initial six-month stage of the initiative, and data were collected from…

Whyte, Shona

2011-01-01

157

Reinforcement Learning in Young Adults with Developmental Language Impairment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The aim of the study was to examine reinforcement learning (RL) in young adults with developmental language impairment (DLI) within the context of a neurocomputational model of the basal ganglia-dopamine system (Frank, Seeberger, & O'Reilly, 2004). Two groups of young adults, one with DLI and the other without, were recruited. A probabilistic…

Lee, Joanna C.; Tomblin, J. Bruce

2012-01-01

158

Reinforcement Learning in Young Adults with Developmental Language Impairment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the study was to examine reinforcement learning (RL) in young adults with developmental language impairment (DLI) within the context of a neurocomputational model of the basal ganglia-dopamine system (Frank, Seeberger, & O'Reilly, 2004). Two groups of young adults, one with DLI and the other without, were recruited. A probabilistic…

Lee, Joanna C.; Tomblin, J. Bruce

2012-01-01

159

Deep Language and Persistent Culture: Learning to Speak the \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

My concern in this paper is to explore how religious practitioners' approaches to learning, using, and interpreting Santería's esoteric ritual language, Lucumí, impact Lucumí's ritual efficacy as the sacred speech of the deities and ancestors. In particular, I wish to argue that distinct interpretive practices, situated in different contexts or deployed by differently situated actors, provide alternate visions of Lucumí's

Kristina Wirtz

160

Reverting to English to Teach Mathematics: How Are Malaysian Teachers and Students Changing in Response to a New Language Context for Learning?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2002 the language policy for teaching mathematics in Malaysia was changed from the national language Malay, to English, to be implemented from the beginning of 2003. This gave the curriculum developers and importantly the teachers just six months to prepare for this change. This small study investigated how after 18 months, 22 secondary…

Clarkson, Philip C.; Idris, Noraini

2006-01-01

161

Statistical language modeling using a variable context length  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we investigate statistical language models with avariable context length. For such models the number of relevantwords in a context is not fixed as in conventional M-gram models but depends on the context itself. We develop a measure for the quality of variable-length models and present a pruning algorithm for the creation of such models, based on this

Reinhard Kneser; Forschungslaboratorien Aachen

1996-01-01

162

Can chimpanzees learn a phonemic language?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two groups of investigators have recently reported some success in teaching language to chimpanzees. This finding has been generally attributed to the choice of a favorable communication modality. However, the fact that the languages employed were not phonemic also seems critical. It is doubtful whether chimpanzees could learn a phonemic language.

Alice F. Healy

1973-01-01

163

Early gesture selectively predicts later language learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The gestures children produce predict the early stages of spoken language development. Here we ask whether gesture is a global predictor of language learning, or whether particular gestures predict particular language outcomes. We observed 52 children interacting with their caregivers at home, and found that gesture use at 18 months selectively predicted lexical versus syntactic skills at 42 months, even

Meredith L. Rowe; Susan Goldin-Meadow

2009-01-01

164

User-Centered Computer Aided Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the field of computer aided language learning (CALL), there is a need for emphasizing the importance of the user. "User-Centered Computer Aided Language Learning" presents methodologies, strategies, and design approaches for building interfaces for a user-centered CALL environment, creating a deeper understanding of the opportunities and…

Zaphiris, Panayiotis, Ed.; Zacharia, Giorgos, Ed.

2006-01-01

165

Foreign language learning difficulties: an historical perspective.  

PubMed

For 10 years, the authors of this article have examined cognitive, affective, and linguistic influences on foreign language learning. They have proposed the Linguistic Coding Differences Hypothesis (LCDH) as a model for understanding foreign language learning problems. The authors review their empirical support for the LCDH and explain the diagnostic, pedagogical, and policy implications of their research. PMID:9599957

Ganschow, L; Sparks, R L; Javorsky, J

166

Investigating University Students' Beliefs about Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The aim of the study is to investigate beliefs students usually held about language learning, based on the Beliefs About Language Learning Inventory (BALLI) questionnaire (Horwitz, 1988). For this purpose, 423 University learners of English in Iran were selected. Running descriptive statistics and the scree plot test, five factors were extracted:…

Mohebi, Sanaz Ghobadi; Khodadady, Ebrahim

2011-01-01

167

Towards a Theory of Language Learning Ability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Four positions concerning foreign and second language learning ability in adults are summarized with attention to the "critical period" hypothesis. An argument is made for a shift from macro-correlational studies to controlled micro language learning research free of extralinguistic variables. (PMJ)|

Neufeld, Gerald G.

1979-01-01

168

Towards a Digital Library for Language Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Digital libraries have untapped potential for supporting language teaching and learning. Although the Internet at large is widely used for lan- guage education, it has critical disadvantages that can be overcome in a more controlled environment. This article describes a language learning digital li- brary, and a new metadata set that characterizes linguistic features commonly taught in class as well

Shaoqun Wu; Ian H. Witten

2006-01-01

169

Embodied Agents in Language Learning for Children with Language Challenges  

Microsoft Academic Search

Given the value of face-to-face interaction in communication and learning, our persistent goal has been to develop, evaluate, and apply animated agents to produce realistic and accurate speech. We have implemented these agents as computer-assisted speech and language tutors for hard of hearing and autistic children, and other children with language challenges. Our language- training program utilizes conversational agents, who

Dominic W. Massaro

2006-01-01

170

Language, Shyness and Social Contexts: Commentary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Language is a gift of special significance to the human species. Whether the source of the generosity is nature or nurture, or some combination, is controversial, but few scientists or laypeople would dispute the evolutionary and practical value of the key mode of communication. From infancy, language is integral to just about everything one does,…

Durkin, Kevin

2009-01-01

171

Identifying native language difficulties among foreign language learners in college: a "foreign" language learning disability?  

PubMed

The present study compared successful and unsuccessful college foreign language learners on measures of intelligence, foreign language aptitude, native oral and written language, and math. Unsuccessful students had received petitions to waive the foreign language requirement. No significant differences between groups were found on intelligence and reading comprehension. Significant differences were found on the Modern Language Aptitude Test, on tests of written and oral language in the syntactic and phonological domains, and on math calculation. Authors suggest that students with foreign language learning difficulties may have underlying native language problems manifested especially in the areas of syntax and phonology. Suggestions for diagnosing a foreign language disability are made. PMID:1765728

Ganschow, L; Sparks, R L; Javorsky, J; Pohlman, J; Bishop-Marbury, A

1991-11-01

172

English Language Learning: Revaluing Language as Resource. NCTE Reading Initiative.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this inquiry study, teachers will explore the concept of English Language Learning and its implications for classrooms. Individually and in small groups, teachers will have opportunities to read, talk, and reflect about current issues regarding linguistic diversity in classrooms and schools, including bilingual/multilingual, ESL, and language

Whitmore, Kathryn F.; Martinez-Roldan, Carmen

173

A Closer Look at Blended Learning--Parameters for Designing a Blended Learning Environment for Language Teaching and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the course of designing, writing and implementing CALL-supported material, it has become evident to me that a systematic investigation into the factors that shape the Blended Learning (BL) experience in the context of language learning and teaching is missing and urgently needed. The core question when designing a BL environment is: Which…

Neumeier, Petra

2005-01-01

174

Early Language Learning and Literacy: Neuroscience Implications for Education  

PubMed Central

The last decade has produced an explosion in neuroscience research examining young children’s early processing of language that has implications for education. Noninvasive, safe functional brain measurements have now been proven feasible for use with children starting at birth. In the arena of language, the neural signatures of learning can be documented at a remarkably early point in development, and these early measures predict performance in children’s language and pre-reading abilities in the second, third, and fifth year of life, a finding with theoretical and educational import. There is evidence that children’s early mastery of language requires learning in a social context, and this finding also has important implications for education. Evidence relating socio-economic status (SES) to brain function for language suggests that SES should be considered a proxy for the opportunity to learn and that the complexity of language input is a significant factor in developing brain areas related to language. The data indicate that the opportunity to learn from complex stimuli and events are vital early in life, and that success in school begins in infancy.

Kuhl, Patricia K.

2011-01-01

175

Language experience and consonantal context effects on perceptual assimilation of French vowels by American-English learners of French1  

PubMed Central

Recent research has called for an examination of perceptual assimilation patterns in second-language speech learning. This study examined the effects of language learning and consonantal context on perceptual assimilation of Parisian French (PF) front rounded vowels ?y? and ?ś? by American English (AE) learners of French. AE listeners differing in their French language experience (no experience, formal instruction, formal-plus-immersion experience) performed an assimilation task involving PF ?y, ś, u, o, i, ?, a? in bilabial ?rabVp? and alveolar ?radVt? contexts, presented in phrases. PF front rounded vowels were assimilated overwhelmingly to back AE vowels. For PF ?ś?, assimilation patterns differed as a function of language experience and consonantal context. However, PF ?y? revealed no experience effect in alveolar context. In bilabial context, listeners with extensive experience assimilated PF ?y? to ?ju? less often than listeners with no or only formal experience, a pattern predicting the poorest ?u-y? discrimination for the most experienced group. An “internal consistency” analysis indicated that responses were most consistent with extensive language experience and in bilabial context. Acoustical analysis revealed that acoustical similarities among PF vowels alone cannot explain context-specific assimilation patterns. Instead it is suggested that native-language allophonic variation influences context-specific perceptual patterns in second-language learning.

Levy, Erika S.

2009-01-01

176

Physics Learning through a Telecommunications Context.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the Physics Phones Home unit which is context-led and developed by the Supported Learning in Physics Projects. Teaches introductory magnetism; electric, magnetic and gravitational fields; and electricity and circular motion. (YDS)|

Edwards, Christopher

2000-01-01

177

Issues in Contemporary Spain: A Multimedia Approach to Teaching Language and Culture in Context.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A method of combining second language learning and cultural education at the advanced level is described. In a third-year college Spanish course, the subject of post-Franco Spain is used as the context for developing reading, writing, speaking, and listening skills and also serves as content area in itself. In addition to instructional texts,…

Ramos, Rosa Alicia

178

Questioning the Stability of Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety and Motivation across Different Classroom Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined whether foreign language learner anxiety and motivational goal orientations remained stable across two different classroom contexts: a reading course and a conversation course. The researcher measured anxiety and four types of motivational goal orientations by surveying 59 Korean college students learning English in both…

Kim, Sung-Yeon

2009-01-01

179

Media, Information Technology, and Language Planning: What Can Endangered Language Communities Learn from Created Language Communities?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The languages of Klingon and Na'vi, both created for media, are also languages that have garnered much media attention throughout the course of their existence. Speakers of these languages also utilize social media and information technologies, specifically websites, in order to learn the languages and then put them into practice. While teaching…

Schreyer, Christine

2011-01-01

180

The Internet, Language Learning, and International Dialogue: Constructing Online Foreign Language Learning Websites  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the present study we call attention to the close connection between languages and globalization, and we also emphasize the importance of the Internet and online websites in foreign language teaching and learning as unavoidable elements of computer assisted language learning (CALL). We prepared a checklist by which we investigated 28 foreign…

Kartal, Erdogan; Uzun, Levent

2010-01-01

181

Rethinking the Context of Language in the Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Explores the role that context plays in understanding language practices in schools. Three views of language are discussed, including ethnography of communication, systemic linguistics, and conversation analysis. An alternative view of communication is presented and intervention strategies that operate on sound, meaning, and sensemaking are…

Kovarsky, Dana; Maxwell, Madeline

1997-01-01

182

Content-Based Language Teaching: Convergent Concerns across Divergent Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article serves as the introduction to this special issue of "Language Teaching Research" on content-based language teaching (CBLT). The article first provides an illustrative overview of the myriad contexts in which CBLT has been implemented and then homes in on the five studies comprising the special issue, each conducted in a distinct…

Lyster, Roy; Ballinger, Susan

2011-01-01

183

Assessing English Language Learners' Opportunity to Learn Mathematics: Issues and Limitations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background/Context: English language learner (ELL) students are lagging behind because of the extra challenges they face relative to their peers in acquiring academic English language proficiency, and the added burden of learning content in a language in which they are not proficient. The mandated inclusion of ELL students in the nation's…

Abedi, Jamal; Herman, Joan

2010-01-01

184

Learning Aids for North American Indian Languages  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Native American Studies Department at the University of California - Davis has made available Learning Aids for North American Indian Languages, a resource offering "information on published and 'semi-published' teaching and general reference materials for North American Indian languages or groups of languages." It is a page of pointers to citations for dictionaries, descriptive grammars, pedagogic materials collections of bilingual narratives, and tapes, among others. This large resource is arranged alphabetically by language group, and also contains many cross references. Over 100 language groups are included, from Abenaki to Yukon languages. Citations contain bibliographic information and are thoroughly annotated. Learning Aids has been compiled from the "Society of the Indigenous Languages of the Americas Newsletter."

185

Nature et seconde nature dans l'enseignement/apprentissage des language (Nature and Second Nature in the Teaching/Learning of Languages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Criticizes the naturalist argument underlying current propositions bearing on second language (L2) learning in natural or formal contexts. Contests Piaget's interpretation of "Didacta Magna," shows how Krashen's acquisition/learning hypothesis follows from the two brain theory and certain naturalist suppositions, and proposes language learning

Besse, Henri

1998-01-01

186

Transforming Grammar Checking Technology into a Learning Environment for Second Language Writing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focuses on the transformation of grammar checking technology into a learn- ing environment for second language writing. Our starting point is a grammar checker for Swedish, called Granska. Two studies have been conducted aimed at exploring the use of computer support for writing in the context of second language learning. In the first study, we developed a methodology

Ola Knutsson; Teresa Cerratto Pargman; Kerstin Severinson Eklundh

187

Language Learning Strategies, Course Grades, and Age in EFL Secondary School Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In studies dealing with language learning strategies in the school context, the variables of proficiency and age are often difficult to isolate since students accumulate more hours of foreign language instruction as they move up from grade to grade. This study aimed to deal with these two variables independently by analysing learning strategy use…

Tragant, Elsa; Victori, Mia

2012-01-01

188

Why Are You Learning a Second Language? Motivational Orientations and Self-Determination Theory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examined self-determination theory (SDT) in the language learning context. Involved the development of a valid and reliable instrument to assess different subtypes of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation and explored the link between these motivational sub-types and various orientations to language learning. Showed instrumental orientation and the…

Noels, Kimberly A.; Pelletier, Luc G.; Clement, Richard; Vallerand, Robert J.

2003-01-01

189

Language learning strategies, course grades, and age in EFL secondary school learners  

Microsoft Academic Search

In studies dealing with language learning strategies in the school context, the variables of proficiency and age are often difficult to isolate since students accumulate more hours of foreign language instruction as they move up from grade to grade. This study aimed to deal with these two variables independently by analysing learning strategy use in three groups of bilingual (Catalan\\/Spanish)

Elsa Tragant; Mia Victori

2012-01-01

190

A Probe into Three Chinese Boys' Self-Efficacy Beliefs Learning English as a Second Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this case study, we investigate three Chinese boys' self-efficacy beliefs learning English as a second language across English language learning tasks and home-based and school-based contexts. Participants reported higher self-efficacy to complete listening and speaking activities than during reading and writing activities. All participants…

Wang, Chuang; Pape, Stephen J.

2007-01-01

191

Orientations to Learning German: Heritage Language Learning and Motivational Substrates  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined how two motivational substrates may be differentially important depending upon the learner's language back- ground. Students registered in German classes (N = 99) completed a question- naire that assessed (a) their intrinsic, extrinsic, integrative, and instrumental reasons for learning German; (b) their feelings of autonomy, competence, and relatedness; and (c) their engagement in language learning and intergroup

Kimberly A. Noels

2005-01-01

192

Implementing Cooperative Learning at a Language School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter describes a program evaluation of cooperative learning in a private language school devoted to teaching English to Japanese students. Student resistance to cooperative learning was due to a lack of training of students, a lack of understanding of basic cooperative learning principles by administrators, and a lack of cooperative…

Lee, Soo-im

193

Suggestopedia: An Innovation in Language Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Used primarily for second language learning, Suggestopedia is a learning method which facilitates whole brain learning by using the arts--music, drawing, and theatrical presentations--to reduce negative and increase positive suggestive factors. Stages in a lesson are discussed and sources of information and suggestopedia music selections are…

Eggers, Paul

1984-01-01

194

Measuring Opportunity to Learn and Academic Language Exposure for English Language Learners in Elementary Science Classrooms. CRESST Report 767  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study piloted a survey-based measure of Opportunity to Learn (OTL) and Academic Language Exposure (ALE) in fourth grade science classrooms that sought to distinguish teacher practices with ELL (English language learner) and non-ELL students. In the survey, participant teachers reported on their instructional practices and the context

Martinez, Jose Felipe; Bailey, Alison L.; Kerr, Deirdre; Huang, Becky H.; Beauregard, Stacey

2010-01-01

195

Mobile Learning: Using SMS in Educational Contexts  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The Short Message Service (SMS) technology is one of the most powerful mobile technologies in current usage. Most students\\u000a own a mobile phone with free SMS which can be used for learning. In this paper we explain how we used SMS for teaching and\\u000a learning languages (both native and foreign). The conducted experiment presented a range of opportunities for integrating

Adelina Moura; Ana Amélia Carvalho

196

Computer Assisted Language Learning. Routledge Studies in Computer Assisted Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Computer-assisted language learning (CALL) is an approach to language teaching and learning in which computer technology is used as an aid to the presentation, reinforcement and assessment of material to be learned, usually including a substantial interactive element. This books provides an up-to date and comprehensive overview of…

Pennington, Martha

2011-01-01

197

Electrophysiological Chronometry of Semantic Context Effects in Language Production  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, we investigated semantic context effects in language production with event-related brain potentials, extracted from the ongoing EEG recorded during overt speech production. We combined the picture–word interference paradigm and the semantic blocking paradigm to investigate the temporal dynamics and functional loci of semantic facilitation and interference effects. Objects were named in the context of semantically homogeneous blocks

Sabrina Aristei; Alissa Melinger; Rasha Abdel Rahman

2011-01-01

198

Lowering the Language Barrier in Learning and Teaching Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests practical ways to lower the language barrier in learning science and using language to promote the learner's development in science. Considers the language of both learners and teachers and views learning through talking and listening. Contains 18 references. (DDR)

Henderson, Jenny; Wellington, Jerry

1998-01-01

199

Noninvasive Brain Stimulation Improves Language Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a reliable technique to improve motor learning. We here wanted to test its potential to enhance associative verbal learning, a skill crucial for both acquiring new languages in healthy individuals and for language reacquisition after stroke-induced aphasia. We applied tDCS (20 min, 1 mA) over the posterior part of the left peri-sylvian area

Agnes Flöel; Nina Rösser; Olesya Michka; Stefan Knecht; Caterina Breitenstein

2008-01-01

200

Forgetting Exceptions is Harmful in Language Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

We show that in language learning, contrary to received wisdom, keeping exceptional training instances in memory can be beneficial for generalization accuracy. We investigate this phenomenon empirically on a selection of benchmark natural language processing tasks: grapheme-to-phoneme conversion, part-of-speech tagging, prepositional-phrase attachment, and base noun phrase chunking. In a first series of experiments we combine memory-based learning with training set

Walter Daelemans; Antal Van Den Bosch; Jakub Zavrel

1999-01-01

201

Learning Regular Languages from Positive Evidence.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Children face an enormously difficult task in learning their native language. It is widely believed that they do not receive or make little use of negative evidence (Marcus, 1993) and yet it has been proven that many classes of languages less powerful tha...

L. Firoiu P. R. Cohen T. Oates

1998-01-01

202

Machine learning for Asian language text classification  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this research is to compare several machine learning techniques on the task of Asian language text classification, such as Chinese and Japanese where no word boundary information is available in written text. The paper advocates a simple language modeling based approach for this task. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Naďve Bayes, maximum entropy model, support vector machines, and

Fuchun Peng; Xiangji Huang

2007-01-01

203

Language and Literacy Learning in Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book presents evidence-based practices for integrating language and literacy knowledge to enhance children's learning in today's standards-based classrooms. While grounded in theory and research, the book focuses on day-to-day concerns in instruction and intervention. Identified are models for effective collaboration among speech-language

Silliman, Elaine R., Ed.; Wilkinson, Louise C., Ed.

2004-01-01

204

Learning to Connect Language and Perception  

Microsoft Academic Search

To truly understand language, an intelligent system must be able to connect words, phrases, and sentences to its perception of objects and events in the world. Current natural language processing and computer vi- sion systems make extensive use of machine learning to acquire the probabilistic knowledge needed to compre- hend linguistic and visual input. However, to date, there has been

Raymond J. Mooney

2008-01-01

205

Cognitive basis of language learning in infants  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discusses the theory that infants learn their language by 1st determining, independent of language, the meaning which a speaker intends to convey to them, and by then working out the relationship between the meaning and the expression they heard. The assumptions on which the thesis rests are discussed, especially the assumption that a speaker's linguistic system and his intentions are

John MacNamara

1972-01-01

206

Foreign Language Learning Difficulties and Teaching Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Beginning foreign language (FL) courses in high school often have high numbers of learning disabled (LED) and at-risk students, perhaps because many students who are considered to be college bound begin foreign language study in middle school. This paper examines FL difficulties as well as effective strategies that others have used to conquer…

Banks, Tiffini

2008-01-01

207

Whole Language: A Global Approach to Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Whole Language Approach to learning is used to develop reading, writing, and language skills in primary grades and science and social studies skills in intermediate grades. The program is described and its techniques of immersion, theme building, brainstorming, implementation, and flexible grouping are discussed. (JL)|

Ferguson, Phyllis

1988-01-01

208

Suggestology as an Effective Language Learning Method.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The methods used and the results obtained by means of the accelerated language learning techniques developed by Georgi Lozanov, Director of the Institute of Suggestology in Bulgaria, are discussed. The following topics are included: (1) discussion of hypermnesia, "super memory," and the reasons foreign languages were chosen for purposes of…

MaCoy, Katherine W.

209

Gesture in Modern Language Teaching and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|For decades there have been linguists who proclaimed the significant role of kinesic expression in carrying the meaning of spoken language (e.g. Efron, 1941; Birdwhistell, 1952; Kendon, 1972). Drawing on such studies, there have also been pioneer studies of gesture in second language learning and use (McNeill, 1992; Gullberg, 1998, 2006), and…

Orton, Jane

2007-01-01

210

Application of Criteria-Referenced Assessment and Qualitative Feedback to Develop Foreign Language Speaking Skills in the Context of E-Teaching/Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Responsive information is one of the factors that determine the quality of higher education. The factor is especially important for eLearning where a direct communication between a lecturer and a student is replaced with a virtual one. How may a qualitative responsive information, in other words feedback (see the definitions of key words), help…

Vitiene, Nijole; Miciuliene, Rita

2008-01-01

211

The Language of Language: An Interdisciplinary Approach To Language Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study of language in general and the study of foreign languages in particular have attracted new interest in academic circles during the past decade. The concepts of the "global village" and "cultural diversity" have become commonplace in the jargon of the 1990s. The development of two new courses at Westminster College (Pennsylvania) have…

Mann, Jesse Thomas

1993-01-01

212

Language: The Heart of Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This issue of the OMLTA Journal includes the following papers: "Helping Teacher Teach: A Foreign Language Collaborative in Southeast Ohio" (Barry G. Thomas); "Bilingual and Group Poetry in the Foreign Language Classroom" (Evelyn F. Brod); "So You Want To Be in Pictures: Videotaping in the Foreign Language Classroom" (Connie L. Bowman); "Theatre…

Snyder, Barbara, Ed.

1985-01-01

213

Language Evolution by Iterated Learning with Bayesian Agents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Languages are transmitted from person to person and generation to generation via a process of iterated learning: people learn a language from other people who once learned that language themselves. We analyze the consequences of iterated learning for learning algorithms based on the principles of Bayesian inference, assuming that learners compute…

Griffiths, Thomas L.; Kalish, Michael L.

2007-01-01

214

Supporting Authentic Learning Contexts Beyond Classroom Walls  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At the classroom level, contexts for learning are often limited in the experiential component. Teachers and trainers feel overwhelmed by the difficulty of inventing authentic learning contexts, and creating tasks that truly reflect the way knowledge would be used in the real world (Herrington et al. 2004). However, there are growing numbers of examples of how such authentic learning environments are being used in schools, higher education, and professional development in a variety of contexts and discipline areas, such as in literacy education (Ferry et al. 2006), in physical activity fitness and health (Rice et al. 1999), in Indigenous education (Marshall et al. 2001), in evaluation (Agostinho 2006), in multimedia and ICT (Bennett et al. 2001), in literature (Fitzsimmons 2006), and in business writing (Pennell et al. 1997). Teachers and trainers who subscribe to this approach to learning can be very inventive in developing learner perceptions of authentic contexts, but often financial, situational and time constraints limit the experiential elements of authentic learning settings.

Herrington, Jan; Specht, Marcus; Brickell, Gwyn; Harper, Barry

215

Pragmatics and Language Learning, Volume 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Monographs on pragmatics and language learning include: "Do We All Apologize the Same?--An Empirical Study on the Act of Apologizing by Spanish Speakers Learning English" (Montserrat Mir); "Conversational Openings in Kiswahili: The Pragmatic Performance of Native and Non-Native Speakers" (Alwiya S. Omar); "Experimental and Observational Data in…

Bouton, Lawrence F., Ed.; Kachru, Yamuna, Ed.

1992-01-01

216

Review Article: Instructed Second Language Vocabulary Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article overviews current research on second language vocabulary learning. It concludes that a large vocabulary is necessary to function in English: 8000-9000 word families for reading, and perhaps as many as 5000-7000 families for oral discourse. In addition, a number of word knowledge aspects need to be learned about each lexical item.…

Schmitt, Norbert

2008-01-01

217

How Ubiquitous Computing can Support Language Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a computer supported ubiquitous learning (CSUL), called CLUE, the learners provide their own knowledge about the language learning in their everyday life, share them in the community and discuss about them. This paper focuses on knowledge awareness map and its design, implementation and evaluation. The map visualizes the relationship between the shared knowledge and the current and

Hiroaki Ogata; Yoneo Yano

218

Materials Development for Language Learning and Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article reviews the literature on the relatively new field of materials development for language learning and teaching. It reports the origins and development of the field and then reviews the literature on the evaluation, adaptation, production and exploitation of learning materials. It also reviews the literature, first, on a number of…

Tomlinson, Brian

2012-01-01

219

Language Learning Motivation among Iranian Undergraduate Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study is to describe and examine Iranian's undergraduate students' integrative and instrumental motivation toward learning English as a foreign language. In the study, 79 non-English major students from the Islamic Republic of Iran (IRI) were selected to complete a questionnaire reflecting their motivation for learning English. In order to determine the students' tendency towards the two

Zahra Vaezi

2008-01-01

220

Learning by listening to language learners  

Microsoft Academic Search

I begin this paper by describing my personal version of the action research cycle. I then describe two of my own research experiences to make the point that when we carry out research which involves listening to language learners, we can learn in two very different but equally important ways. First we learn something about the research question we are

David Block

1997-01-01

221

Principles and activities for a transcultural approach to additional language learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

A pedagogy geared to transculturation and directed towards individuation of learning needs to be grounded on higher education and additional language learning principles that guide teachers and students away from a focus on technical and intellectual study to a management of teaching and learning appropriate within the overall socio-cultural context of Japan and Asia. The acquisition of communication skills and

Alan Brady; Yoko Shinohara

2000-01-01

222

Raising Learner Awareness of Language Learning Strategies in Situations of Limited Resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces LS-LS, an interactive learning environment to raise learner awareness of language learning strategies. Strategies of potential interest to a student are suggested based on (1) the student's learning style; and (2) similarities between new strategies and strategies already used by the individual. LS-LS is intended primarily for use in contexts where resources are limited. An initial study

Susan Bull; Yingxin Ma

2001-01-01

223

Flexible Ubiquitous Learning Management System Adapted to Learning Context  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper proposes a u-learning management system (ULMS) appropriate to the ubiquitous learning environment, with emphasis on the significance of context awareness and adaptation in learning. The proposed system supports the basic functions of an e-learning management system and incorporates a number of tools and additional features to provide a more customized learning service. The proposed system automatically corresponds to various forms of user terminal without modifying the existing system. The functions, formats, and course learning activities of the system are dynamically and adaptively constructed at runtime according to user terminals, course types, pedagogical goals as well as student characteristics and learning context. A prototype for university use has been implemented to demonstrate and evaluate the proposed approach. We regard the proposed ULMS as an ideal u-learning system because it can not only lead students into continuous and mobile 'anytime, anywhere' learning using any kind of terminal, but can also foster enhanced self-directed learning through the establishment of an adaptive learning environment.

Jeong, Ji-Seong; Kim, Mihye; Park, Chan; Yoo, Jae-Soo; Yoo, Kwan-Hee

224

Conveniences and Complexities of Computer-Aided Language Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computer Assisted Language Learning is a relatively new and rapidly evolving academic field that exposes the role of information and technology involving in language learning and teaching. Computers provide excellent ambience conducive to second language learning in any aspect of the target language, be it vocabulary, composition, pronunciation or other linguistic and pragmatic skills. But many English teachers believe that

K. Yugandhar; D. V. Srinivas; Ramakrishna Rao

225

A task specification language for bootstrap learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reinforcement learning (RL) is an effective framework for online learning by autonomous agents. Most RL research fo- cuses on domain-independent learning algorithms, requiring an expert human to define the environment (state and action representation) and task to be performed (e.g. start state and reward function) on a case-by-case basis. In this paper, we describe a general language for a teacher

Ian Fasel; Michael Quinlan; Peter Stone

2009-01-01

226

Indigenous Language Media: A Veritable Tool for African Language Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper takes the position that African language pedagogy should go beyond classroom activity and the space should be enlarged to include the media of mass communication. The paper reiterates the fact that communication is a vehicle for education. The mass media, because of their general accessibility, are said to be veritable tools in popularising the use and learning of

Abiodun Salawu

2006-01-01

227

Managing Multiple Goals in Real Learning Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Understanding students' multiple goals in real learning contexts is an emerging area of importance for educators and researchers investigating student motivation in classrooms. This qualitative study conducted over an academic year investigates the multiple goals articulated by seven 11-year-old students and explores relationships between goals…

Mansfield, Caroline F.

2009-01-01

228

Pragmatics & Language Learning. Volume 12  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This volume examines the organization of second language and multilingual speakers' talk and pragmatic knowledge across a range of naturalistic and experimental activities. Based on data collected on Danish, English, Hawai'i Creole, Indonesian, and Japanese as target languages, the contributions explore the nexus of pragmatic knowledge,…

Kasper, Gabriele, Ed.; Nguyen, Hanh thi, Ed.; Yoshimi, Dina Rudolph, Ed.; Yoshioka, Jim K., Ed.

2010-01-01

229

Learning the language of bacteria.  

PubMed

Bacteria "talk" with each other by using small molecules that enable individuals in a population to coordinate their behavior. This language is termed quorum sensing. Bacterial pathogens may use this language to decide when to attack a host organism; therefore, the development of artificial signals to interfere with this signal process has become an area of intense chemical research. PMID:18030987

Hodgkinson, James T; Welch, Martin; Spring, David R

2007-11-20

230

Beyond the four walls: community-based learning and languages  

Microsoft Academic Search

At a time when languages in universities are under pressure, community-based learning language courses can have many positive benefits: they can increase interest in language learning, they can foster greater engagement with learning, and they can encourage active learning, creativity and teamwork. These courses, which link the classroom and the community, help address needs in the community, share resources and

Anne OConnor

2011-01-01

231

Beyond the Four Walls: Community-Based Learning and Languages  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|At a time when languages in universities are under pressure, community-based learning language courses can have many positive benefits: they can increase interest in language learning, they can foster greater engagement with learning, and they can encourage active learning, creativity and teamwork. These courses, which link the classroom and the…

O'Connor, Anne

2012-01-01

232

Developmental Comparisons of Implicit and Explicit Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Conventional wisdom holds that children learn languages implicitly whereas older learners learn languages explicitly, and some have claimed that after puberty only explicit language learning is possible. However, older learners often receive more explicit instruction than child L2 learners, which may affect their learning strategies. This study…

Lichtman, Karen

2013-01-01

233

Using Language Learning Conditions in Mathematics. PEN 68.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This pamphlet reports on a project in Tasmania exploring whether the "natural learning conditions" approach to language learning could be adapted for mathematics. The connections between language and mathematics, as well as the natural learning processes of language learning are described in the pamphlet. The project itself is described--small…

Stoessiger, Rex

234

Troubling literacy: monolingual assumptions, multilingual contexts, and language teacher expertise  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current educational context in many English speaking countries is one where literacy is understood to be essentially monolingual in orientation; that is, an understanding of literacy around a single common language, with the emphasis on identifying universal, normative ‘standards’ and ‘benchmarks’, such as the National Assessment Program-Literacy and Numeracy in Australia, the Primary National Strategy in the United Kingdom,

Russell Cross

2011-01-01

235

Linear Time Parsers for Classes of Non Context Free Languages  

Microsoft Academic Search

Deterministic parsers have been proposed for two-level control grammars. These parsers are efficient in both time and space and are simple extensions of the standard LL(I) and LR( 1) parsers for deterministic context free languages. An important advantage of the parsers proposed here is that existing parser generator tools can be augmented to generate them from grammar specifications. Since there

Sulekha R. Kulkarni; Priti Shankar

1996-01-01

236

Learning about Language in Classrooms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on communication in classrooms is reviewed to provide implications for the writing process. Studies address language, social identity, and teacher expectation. The importance of meaning as the focus of writing is stressed. (CL)

Florio-Ruane, Susan

1985-01-01

237

Learning in Authentic Earth and Planetary Contexts  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A Virtual Field Trip project has been developed in collaboration with NASA Learning Technologies to allow students, internationally, to accompany scientists on a field trip to the Pilbara region of Western Australia to debate the relevance of ancient structures called stromatolites, to the origins of life on Earth and the search for life on Mars. The project was planned with the aim of exposing high school students to `science in the making', including exposure to the ongoing debate and uncertainties involved in scientific research. The development of the project stemmed from both research-based and anecdotal evidence that current science education programs are not providing secondary students with a good understanding of the processes of science. This study seeks to examine the effectiveness of student use of the tools to increase awareness of the processes of science and to evaluate the effectiveness of the tools in terms of student learning. The literature reports that there is a need for learning activities to be conducted within meaningful contexts. The virtual field trip tools create an environment that simulates key elements in the scientific process. Such an approach allows students to learn by doing, to work like scientists and apply their learning in an authentic context.

Fergusson, J. A.; Oliver, C. A.

2006-12-01

238

Learning Korean language in China: motivations and strategies of non-Koreans  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ethnographic research reported in this article documents how a group of non-Korean families, whose children are participating in a Korean bilingual school in Northeast China, construct their motivations and strategies of learning Korean language. The main motivation of expectancy of further education opportunities and success in future career and strategies mainly in establishing Korean sociocultural context for Korean language

Fang Gao

2010-01-01

239

Using Conceptual Metaphor and Functional Grammar to Explore How Language Used in Physics Affects Student Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper introduces a theory about the role of language in learning physics. The theory is developed in the context of physics students and physicists talking and writing about the subject of quantum mechanics. We found that physicists' language encodes different varieties of analogical models through the use of grammar and conceptual metaphor.…

Brookes, David T.; Etkina, Eugenia

2007-01-01

240

From Action to Insight: A Professional Learning Community's Experiences with the European Language Portfolio  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper focuses on an action research project set in the context of one professional learning community's (PLC's) exploration of the Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR) and the European Language Portfolio (ELP). Teachers of second and foreign languages in a large urban high school examined the potential of principles and tools…

Kristmanson, Paula Lee; Lafargue, Chantal; Culligan, Karla

2011-01-01

241

Don Quixote Meets "Ser" and "Estar": Multiple Perspectives on Language Learning in Spanish Literature Classes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This multiple case study examines language-focused instruction in 3 university Spanish literature classes to examine the students' and instructors' perspectives on language learning in this context. The classes were studied for a semester through observations, instructor interviews and stimulated recalls, and student questionnaires. Among the…

Polio, Charlene; Zyzik, Eve

2009-01-01

242

Learning to Neighbor? Service-learning in Context  

Microsoft Academic Search

Service-learning has received a great deal of attention in the management education literature over the past decade, as a\\u000a method by which students can acquire moral and civic values as well as gain academic knowledge and practice real-world skills.\\u000a Scholars focus on student and community impact, curricular design, and rationale. However, the educational environment (“context”)\\u000a in which service-learning occurs has

Mary-Ellen Boyle

2007-01-01

243

Personalized Context-Aware Ubiquitous Learning System for Supporting Effectively English Vocabulary Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the rapid growth of wireless techniques, the mobile learning by the handheld devices has been gradually considered as a novel learning form. Developing context-aware ubiquitous learning environment can bring the most desired learning services for learners. Accordingly, this study proposed a personalized context-aware ubiquitous english vocabulary learning system which can exploit appropriate context based on learner's location, leisure learning

Chih-ming Chen; Yi-lun Li; Ming-chuan Chen

2007-01-01

244

Individualizing Second-Language Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Individualized learning is one of the current educational trends. This approach is an answer to the differences found among students in terms of their abilities and disabilities, learning styles, objectives, and interests. Individualized instruction calls for a synthesis of strategies, which should be categorized in a hierarchy projecting all…

Eliuk-Nakonechny, Anne

1976-01-01

245

A Web-Based Language Learning System  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present an ongoing research project which aims at developing an electronic vocabulary learning systemfor the German and\\u000a the Italian language. The systemcon sists of an extensive dictionary, a collection of exercises, text units, a tandem-feature\\u000a and an electronic tutor which guides the learner through a systematic vocabulary acquisition process. To ensure maximum effectiveness\\u000a of the learning process, modern psycholinguistic

Johann Gamper; Judith Knapp

2002-01-01

246

Constraints on Statistical Language Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

How do learners discover the structure in linguistic input? One set of cues which learners might use to acquire phrase structure are the dependencies, or predictive relationships, which link elements within phrases. In order to determine whether learners can use this statistical information, adults and children were exposed to artificial languages that either contained or violated the kinds of dependencies

Jenny R. Saffran

2002-01-01

247

Programming language impacts on learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

What programming language should be taught in an introductory computer science course? Studies and experiences at West Point provide some insight into these questions. This paper reports the statistical results obtained from a side-by-side comparison of Pascal and Ada. The unique nature of our institution provided the opportunity to isolate and study causal factors, and allowed us to follow the

J. A. Drew Hamilton Jr.; Jeanne L. Murtagh; Richard G. Zoller

2000-01-01

248

Beyond Babel: Language Learning Online.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The book and accompanying CD-ROM is designed to assist teachers who want to develop their own materials on the World Wide Web, are interested in integrating interesting Web sites and ideas into their curriculum, or are interested in students' perspectives of the Web. It is also for anyone who wishes to refresh a language or get a feel for a new…

Felix, Uschi

249

A language learning model for finite parameter spaces  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper shows how to formally characterize language learning in a finite parameter space, for instance, in the principles-and-parameters approach to language, as a Markov structure. New language learning results follow directly; we can explicitly calculate how many positive examples on average (“sample complexity”) it will take for a learner to correctly identify a target language with high probability. We

Partha Niyogi; Robert C. Berwick

1996-01-01

250

Assessment of Language Learning Strategies Used by Palestinian EFL Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article assesses the language learning strategies (LLSs) used by 194 high school and 184 university English-as-a-foreign-language (EFL) learners in Palestine, using Oxford's (1990) Strategy Inventory for Language Learning (SILL). It also explores the effect of language proficiency and gender on frequency of strategy use. The findings show…

Khalil, Aziz

2005-01-01

251

Finding Voice: Learning about Language and Power  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Christensen discusses why teachers need to teach students "voice" in its social and political context, to show the intersection of voice and power, to encourage students to ask, "Whose voices get heard? Whose are marginalized?" As Christensen writes, "Once students begin to understand that Standard English is one language among many, we can help…

Christensen, Linda

2011-01-01

252

The Exploring Nature of Language Learning Strategies (LLSs) and Their Relationship with Various Variables with Focus on Personality Traits in the Current Studies of Second/Foreign Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since Language Learning Strategies (LLSs) have the potential to be "an extremely powerful learning tool" (O'Malley, Chamot, Stewner-Manzanares, Russo & Kupper, 1985a, p.43), the use of LLSs helps the learners retrieve and store material, and facilitate their learning (Grander & Maclntyre, 1992), they are sensitive to the learning context and to…

Fazeli, Seyed Hossein

2011-01-01

253

Teachers' and Students' Beliefs Regarding Aspects of Language Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The similarities and dissimilarities between teachers' and students' conceptions of language learning were addressed through a questionnaire survey concerning the nature and methods of language learning. The results indicate points of congruence between teachers' and students' beliefs about language learning in respect of eight main areas. Teachers and students differed in their beliefs in four areas, with students believing much

Adrian Davis

2003-01-01

254

Pre-Service EFL Teachers' Beliefs about Foreign Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Beliefs are central constructs in every discipline which deals with human behaviour and learning. In addition to learner beliefs about language learning, language teachers themselves may hold certain beliefs about language learning that will have an impact on their instructional practices and that are likely to influence their students' beliefs…

Altan, Mustafa Zulkuf

2012-01-01

255

Pre-Service EFL Teachers' Beliefs about Foreign Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Beliefs are central constructs in every discipline which deals with human behaviour and learning. In addition to learner beliefs about language learning, language teachers themselves may hold certain beliefs about language learning that will have an impact on their instructional practices and that are likely to influence their students' beliefs…

Altan, Mustafa Zulkuf

2012-01-01

256

Agency, Language Learning, and Multilingual Spaces  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the notion of agency in language learning and use as discursively, historically, and socially mediated. It further explores how agency can be understood as variously enabled and constrained as individuals move from one cultural, linguistic, and/or geographical space to another. These explorations focus on how agency is…

Miller, Elizabeth R.

2012-01-01

257

SOME ATTITUDINAL FACTORS IN FOREIGN LANGUAGE LEARNING.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|AN EXPERIMENT INVOLVING 50 YOUNG MALE U.S. MILITARY PERSONNEL UNDERGOING INTENSIVE TRAINING IN RUSSIAN WAS CONDUCTED TO MEASURE THEIR ATTITUDES AND MOTIVATIONS IN LANGUAGE LEARNING. THE TESTS GIVEN THEM WERE STRUCTURED IN TERMS OF SUCH ATTITUDES AS THEIR GENERAL INTEREST, PRAGMATISM (CAREER OR MATERIAL ADVANTAGE), XENOPHILIA (IDENTIFICATION WITH…

FIKS, ALFRED I.

258

Learning Phonics in a Whole Language Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Experienced whole language teachers have developed a number of practical strategies that can and should be used to facilitate the development of "graphophonic knowledge" in their students' literacy learning. Graphophonic knowledge is defined as the combination of the sound system (phonology), the graphic system (orthography), and how readers…

McNally, Carol

259

Foreign language learning in immersive virtual environments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Virtual reality has long been used for training simulations in fields from medicine to welding to vehicular operation, but simulations involving more complex cognitive skills present new design challenges. Foreign language learning, for example, is increasingly vital in the global economy, but computer-assisted education is still in its early stages. Immersive virtual reality is a promising avenue for language learning as a way of dynamically creating believable scenes for conversational training and role-play simulation. Visual immersion alone, however, only provides a starting point. We suggest that the addition of social interactions and motivated engagement through narrative gameplay can lead to truly effective language learning in virtual environments. In this paper, we describe the development of a novel application for teaching Mandarin using CAVE-like VR, physical props, human actors and intelligent virtual agents, all within a semester-long multiplayer mystery game. Students travel (virtually) to China on a class field trip, which soon becomes complicated with intrigue and mystery surrounding the lost manuscript of an early Chinese literary classic. Virtual reality environments such as the Forbidden City and a Beijing teahouse provide the setting for learning language, cultural traditions, and social customs, as well as the discovery of clues through conversation in Mandarin with characters in the game.

Chang, Benjamin; Sheldon, Lee; Si, Mei; Hand, Anton

2012-02-01

260

Cooperative Learning Activities for Language Arts: Challenging.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Designed to introduce teachers to cooperative learning techniques in the language arts, this book presents 24 activity units--12 on outer space (including the exploration of space and its many adventures), and 12 on "inner space" (the mind, the emotions, and the brain). After an introduction and overview, the first section of the book gives…

Jasmine, Grace; Nader, Lillian

261

Identity, Motivation and Autonomy in Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this volume researchers from Asia, Europe, the Middle East and North and South America employ a variety of theoretical perspectives and methodological approaches in their exploration of the links between identity, motivation, and autonomy in language learning. On a conceptual level the authors explore issues related to agency, metacognition,…

Lamb, Terry; Murray, Garold; Gao, Xuesong

2011-01-01

262

Autistic Spectrum Disorders and Learning Foreign Languages  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The number of young people with a diagnosis of Autistic Spectrum Disorders (ASD) coming into mainstream foreign languages classes is increasing, and this is causing some concern to teachers. Based on her extensive professional experience, Vivienne Wire here considers the implications for teaching and learning of the "triad of impairments" found…

Wire, Vivienne

2005-01-01

263

Student Language Learning Strategies across Eight Disciplines.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Investigated the use of 50 common second language learning strategies by English for academic purposes students across eight disciplines--building, business, computing, engineering, English, mathematics, primary education, and science--in a university in Hong Kong. Compared and contrasted strategy use across disciplines and examined relationships…

Peacock, Matthew; Ho, Belinda

2003-01-01

264

Autonomous Language Learning against All Odds  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Conceptualizing learners' individuality as dynamic and contextually situated, this paper reports on an inquiry that examined the genesis of a disabled learner's success in learning foreign languages on the Chinese mainland. Using source texts such as the learner's published diaries, letters and her autobiography, the inquiry revealed that…

Gao, Xuesong

2010-01-01

265

Multimedia Materials for Language and Literacy Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduces educators to inexpensive, commercially-available CD-ROM software that combines speech, text, graphics, sound, video, animation, and special effects that may be incorporated into classroom activities for both normally developing and language learning disabled children. Discusses three types of multimedia CD-ROM products: (1) virtual…

Hallett, Terry L.

1999-01-01

266

Computer-Assisted Language Learning Authoring Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Computer-assisted language learning (CALL) authoring refers to a wide variety of creative development activities using software tools that run the gamut from simple templates (easy-to-use predefined forms into which content is typed) to complex authoring environments (flexible but harder-to-use systems, requiring advanced skills and a great deal…

Otto, Sue E. K.; Pusack, James P.

2009-01-01

267

Language Learning Strategies and Test Anxiety  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of learner's strategies and skills in learning a foreign language has been investigated in the last three decades. However, the part it plays in ESP achievement tests is not seriously treated. Moreover, as students take the final exam, their chief complaint concerns the idea of test anxiety as a debilitating factor. Therefore, the present…

Shomoossi, Nematullah; Kooshan, Mohsen; Ketabi, Saeed

2008-01-01

268

Identity, Motivation and Autonomy in Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this volume researchers from Asia, Europe, the Middle East and North and South America employ a variety of theoretical perspectives and methodological approaches in their exploration of the links between identity, motivation, and autonomy in language learning. On a conceptual level the authors explore issues related to agency, metacognition,…

Lamb, Terry; Murray, Garold; Gao, Xuesong

2011-01-01

269

Computers as a Language Learning Tool.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes a computer-assisted language learning project at the University of Wuppertal (West Germany). It's hoped that teachers can overcome the two handicaps of the past--lack of teacher awareness of current audio-visual technical aids, as well as unsophisticated computer hardware--both problems by getting the opportunity to familiarize…

Ruschoff, Bernd

1984-01-01

270

Attitudinal Aspects of Second Language Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The author feels that this study reaffirms the importance of attitude as one of the factors explaining the degree of proficiency a student achieves in learning a second language. Four groups of students representing 80 countries were administered (1) a direct questionnaire on which they were asked to rate the importance of 14 possible reasons for…

Spolsky, Bernard

271

Structural Priming and Second Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Structural priming (or syntactic priming) is a speaker's tendency to reuse the same structural pattern as one that was previously encountered (Bock, 1986). This study investigated (a) whether the implicit learning processes involved in long-lag structural priming lead to differential second language (L2) improvement in producing two structural…

Shin, Jeong-Ah; Christianson, Kiel

2012-01-01

272

Does Recreational Reading in Native Language Influence Foreign Language Learning Process?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Limited studies have been conducted on the effects on recreational reading in native language on foreign language learning, whereas no findings exist on the effects of recreational reading in Turkish as a native language (L1) on English as a foreign language (EFL) learning. Thus, this study aims to investigate the effects of recreational reading…

Aydin, Selami

2011-01-01

273

Visual Perception in Language Learning: A Developmental Perspective with Implications for Second Language Learning and Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The use of visuals in facilitating language learning is investigated by first looking at the effects of both visual and auditory perceptions on the ontogeny of language. This paper then samples the growing body of research and data on the ways in which vi...

R. T. Harrison D. T. Rickard

1980-01-01

274

Learning Modern Greek: A Comparison of Development and Identification Patterns Among Heritage and Foreign Language Learners  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although second language (L2) research has explored connections between sociopsychological variables and L2 socialization processes, relatively few investigations have compared heritage language (HL) learners to traditional foreign language (FL) learners in the North American context. This descriptive study compares the learning and acculturation patterns of 26 first- and second-generation Greek American learners of Modern Greek and 16 non-Greek American learners.

Lida Triantafillidou; John S. Hedgcock

2007-01-01

275

Nonassociative Lambek Calculus with Additives and Context-Free Languages  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study Nonassociative Lambek Calculus with additives ??,??, satisfying the distributive law (Distributive Full Nonassociative\\u000a Lambek Calculus DFNL). We prove that categorial grammars based on DFNL, also enriched with assumptions, generate context-free languages. The proof uses proof-theoretic tools (interpolation) and\\u000a a construction of a finite model, earlier employed in [11] in the proof of Finite Embeddability Property (FEP) of DFNL;

Wojciech Buszkowski; Maciej Farulewski

2009-01-01

276

Learning: Statistical Mechanisms in Language Acquisition  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The grammatical structure of human languages is extremely complex, yet children master this complexity with apparent ease. One explanation is that we come to the task of acquisition equipped with knowledge about the possible grammatical structures of human languages—so-called "Universal Grammar". An alternative is that grammatical patterns are abstracted from the input via a process of identifying reoccurring patterns and using that information to form grammatical generalizations. This statistical learning hypothesis receives support from computational research, which has revealed that even low level statistics based on adjacent word co-occurrences yield grammatically relevant information. Moreover, even as adults, our knowledge and usage of grammatical patterns is often graded and probabilistic, and in ways which directly reflect the statistical makeup of the language we experience. The current chapter explores such evidence and concludes that statistical learning mechanisms play a critical role in acquisition, whilst acknowledging holes in our current knowledge, particularly with respect to the learning of `higher level' syntactic behaviours. Throughout, I emphasize that although a statistical approach is traditionally associated with a strongly empiricist position, specific accounts make specific claims about the nature of the learner, both in terms of learning mechanisms and the information that is primitive to the learning system. In particular, working models which construct grammatical generalizations often assume inbuilt semantic abstractions.

Wonnacott, Elizabeth

277

Language Learning and Control in Monolinguals and Bilinguals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Parallel language activation in bilinguals leads to competition between languages. Experience managing this interference may aid novel language learning by improving the ability to suppress competition from known languages. To investigate the effect of bilingualism on the ability to control native-language interference, monolinguals and…

Bartolotti, James; Marian, Viorica

2012-01-01

278

Using Indigenous Languages for Teaching and Learning in Zimbabwe.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper argues for the use of indigenous languages as languages of teaching and learning, focusing on Zimbabwe. It describes the language situation in Zimbabwe, which has three national languages (all of which enjoy some prominence under the current Education Act) and fourteen minority indigenous languages. English plays a central role in…

Thondhlana, Juliet

279

Understanding Chinese Students' Language Beliefs and Learning Strategy Use.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study investigated the language attitudes and language learning strategies of 505 undergraduate students of English as a Second Language (ESL) in Taiwan. All had studied English formally for at least seven years; few had lived or traveled abroad. The subjects were administered three questionnaires: a language beliefs inventory; language

Yang, Nae-Dong

280

Study-abroad, Language Proficiency, and Learner Beliefs about Language Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports an empirical study of a 1?-week study-abroad program for Japanese university students, examining changes in the students' beliefs about language learning (measured by means of a questionnaire) and in their English proficiency (measured by means of the TOEFL). The results showed statistically significant changes in the students' beliefs relating to analytic language learning, experiential language learning and

Koichi Tanaka

2003-01-01

281

Learning Languages from Interactive Television: Language Learners reflect on Techniques and Technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interactive television (iTV) is a new media technology that has great potential for supporting language learning, particularly for independent adult learners. However, in order for it to succeed it needs to fit in with these learners' approaches to language learning. While there is an extensive literature on many other aspects of language learning and teaching, particularly in classroom settings, we

Sanaz Fallahkhair; Judith Masthoff; Lyn Pemberton

282

Content-Based Instruction: What Can We Learn from Content-Trained Teachers' and Language-Trained Teachers' Pedagogies?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article reports on a study of the pedagogies of two content-trained teachers and two language-trained teachers in their content-based second language (L2) classrooms at the middle-school level in two Chinese contexts: Hong Kong and Xi'an. The study aims to identify pedagogies that support content and language learning, referred to here as…

Kong, Stella

2009-01-01

283

A Research in the Influences of Vague Language on Second Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Vague language is widely used in both spoken and written English and it is also a very important language variable. The process of language use is active, during which speakers and hearers constantly have to make choices out of variables. This paper mainly studies the influences of vagueness in language on second language learning and attaches…

Gao, Hongyun; Zhu, Yue

2005-01-01

284

Learning through an Aboriginal Language: The Impact on Students' English and Aboriginal Language Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Aboriginal communities across Canada are implementing Aboriginal language programs in their schools. In the present research, we explore the impact of learning through an Aboriginal language on students' English and Aboriginal language skills by contrasting a Mi'kmaq language immersion program with a Mi'kmaq as a second language program. The…

Usborne, Esther; Peck, Josephine; Smith, Donna-Lee; Taylor, Donald M.

2011-01-01

285

Technology enhanced language learning: student motivation in computer assisted language learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this paper is to present a new investigation on the impact of implementing technology on Bulgarian students' motivation after a Computer Assisted Language Learning (CALL) course. It suggests designing and applying instruments for assessing the level of student motivation in order to analyze which aspects of computerized learning are motivating (or demotivating). The expected outcome is developing

Anelly Kremenska

2007-01-01

286

Self-Efficacy Beliefs and Self-Regulated Learning Strategies in Learning English as a Second Language: Four Case Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

n These case studies provide a description of 4 fifth-graders' self- efficacy beliefs and use of self-regulated learning strategies related to studying English as a second language. Structured interviews with the children and their parents were conducted to investigate the family context of learning English and to elicit children's self- reported self-efficacy beliefs and self-regulated learning (SRL) strategies. In addition,

CHUANG WANG; STEPHEN J. PAPE

2004-01-01

287

Language Form, Task-Based Language Teaching, and the Classroom Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, I examine some of the ideas about task-based language teaching (TBLT) which have emerged over the 17 years of the current editorship of ELTJ, focusing in particular on grammar and vocabulary, and enquiring to what degree these ideas take adequate account of classroom context. Over this period, TBLT scholars have built up a…

Batstone, Rob

2012-01-01

288

Lexical learning in sung and spoken story script contexts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although most children seem to love music, our understanding of the role it plays in facilitating speech and language learning is limited, as is research validating its efficacy in the clinical setting. The purpose of this study was to examine how singing affects children’s quick incidental learning (QUIL) of novel vocabulary terms. Sixteen children with language delay and mild developmental

Theresa A. Kouri; Jennifer Winn

2006-01-01

289

Early gesture selectively predicts later language learning  

PubMed Central

The gestures children produce predict the early stages of spoken language development. Here we ask whether gesture is a global predictor of language learning, or whether particular gestures predict particular language outcomes. We observed 52 children interacting with their caregivers at home, and found that gesture use at 18 months selectively predicted lexical versus syntactic skills at 42 months, even with early child speech controlled. Specifically, number of different meanings conveyed in gesture at 18 months predicted vocabulary at 42 months, but number of gesture+speech combinations did not. In contrast, number of gesture+speech combinations, particularly those conveying sentence-like ideas, produced at 18 months predicted sentence complexity at 42 months, but meanings conveyed in gesture did not. We can thus predict particular milestones in vocabulary and sentence complexity at age 3 1/2 by watching how children move their hands two years earlier.

Rowe, Meredith L.; Goldin-Meadow, Susan

2009-01-01

290

Integration of Information from Context and Semantic Decomposition in Learning New Words.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined language learners' ability to integrate information from sentence contexts and semantic decomposition in interpreting novel kanji compounds (i.e., words consisting of two or more Japanese characters). Subjects, 59 English-speaking college students learning Japanese, inferred the meanings of 72 unknown compounds consisting of…

Mori, Yoshiko

291

Explaining successful language learning in difficult circumstances  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper considers the special challenges facing learners of English in developing country contexts, and asks why a few individuals succeed in achieving competence in English where the majority more understandably fail. While research theory has shed light on individual learner differences such as aptitude, motivation and learning strategies, there has been very little empirical investigation of whether these factors

MARTIN LAMB

292

Individual Differences and Universals in Language Learning Aptitude.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The following articles are included: (1) "Neurolinguistic Considerations on the Optimum Age for Second Language Learning" by Terence M. Walsh and Karl C. Diller; (2) "Major Variation in Language Skills Apparently under Genetic Influence (Discussed from the Viewpoint of Human Evolution)" by Brenda K. Sladen; (3) "Language Learning Strategies: Does…

Diller, Karl C., Ed.

293

Language Learning Strategies and English Proficiency of Chinese University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the relationship between language learning strategy (LLS) preferences and English proficiency among Chinese university students. Oxford's (1990), Strategy Inventory for Language Learning (SILL) and an institutional version (ITP) of the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) were administered to 168 third-year English…

Nisbet, Deanna L.; Tindall, Evie R.; Arroyo, Alan A.

2005-01-01

294

Languages in a Global World: Learning for Better Cultural Understanding  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The rise of globalisation makes language competencies more valuable, both at individual and societal levels. This book examines the links between globalisation and the way we teach and learn languages. It begins by asking why some individuals are more successful than others at learning non-native languages, and why some education systems, or…

Chiesa, Bruno Della, Ed.; Scott, Jessica, Ed.; Hinton, Christina, Ed.

2012-01-01

295

A Note on Internationalisation, Internationalism and Language Teaching and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the editorial of "The Language Learning Journal" of July 2011, readers' attention is drawn to the decline in language teaching and learning in British schools and universities, and to the attempt of the British Academy to promote language teaching against this decline. The British Academy paper makes seven recommendations of which the second…

Byram, Michael

2012-01-01

296

E-Learning Turkish Language and Grammar: Analyzing Learners' Behavior  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study analyses the behavior and the preferences of the Greek learners of Turkish language, who use a particular e-learning website in parallel with their studies, namely: http://turkish.pgeorgalas.gr. The website offers free online material in Greek and English language for learning the Turkish language and grammar. The traffic of several…

Georgalas, Panagiotis

2012-01-01

297

Foreign Language Learning and Inclusion: Who? Why? What? -- and How?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The presumption of mainstream schooling and the removal of core status for foreign language learning at Key Stage 4 are presenting new challenges to our ideal of foreign language learning for all. In the current climate, the case for including children with special educational needs in foreign language classes has to be made with greater clarity…

McColl, Hilary

2005-01-01

298

Terminological Considerations Regarding Content and Language Integrated Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The term "content and language integrated learning" is suggested as an umbrella term for a general pedagogical approach that includes a number of methods of teaching and learning non-language subjects through a second or foreign language. Usage of other, related terms is discussed, and distinctions are made between them. These include teaching…

Nikula, Tarja; Marsh, David

1998-01-01

299

A Note on Internationalisation, Internationalism and Language Teaching and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the editorial of "The Language Learning Journal" of July 2011, readers' attention is drawn to the decline in language teaching and learning in British schools and universities, and to the attempt of the British Academy to promote language teaching against this decline. The British Academy paper makes seven recommendations of which the second…

Byram, Michael

2012-01-01

300

The Journal of the Imagination in Language Learning, 1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Articles on second language teaching and learning include: "Creativity with a Small 'c'" (Alan Maley); "National Standards & the Role of the Imagination in Foreign Language Learning" (Rebecca M. Valette); "Who Am I in English? Developing a Language Ego" (Jean Zukowski/Faust); "Steps to Dance in the Adult EFL Classroom" (David M. Bell);…

Coreil, Clyde, Ed.; Napoliello, Mihri, Ed.

1997-01-01

301

The Relationship between Foreign Language Anxiety and Learning Difficulties  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated the possible existence of causal links between anxiety and language learning difficulties by using the Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety Scale (FLCAS) (Horwitz, Horwitz, & Cope, 1986) to examine anxiety and the Foreign Language Screening Instrument for Colleges (FLSI-C) (Ganschow & Sparks, 1991) to explore learning

Chen, Tsai-Yu; Chang, Goretti B. Y.

2004-01-01

302

Structure of Intellect Factors and Foreign Language Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of the intellectual talents involved in learning a foreign language compared the composite predicted score of high school students on the Pimsleur Language Aptitude Battery with selected factor scores on the Structure of Intellect-Learning Abilities Test to determine whether any of the factors correlate highly with foreign language

Raile, Frederick N.

303

Enriching Learning Contexts to Support Communities of Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

The theory of situated learning emphasizes the importance of authentic learning contexts and the central role of social interaction. In the light of this theory and based on our previous experience, we propose an approach for the development of context-based virtual learning environments. These are virtual worlds, which the learners themselves can create and modify. They therefore provide a customized

Yongwu Miao; Jutta Maria Fleschutz; Peter Zentel

304

All together now: concurrent learning of multiple structures in an artificial language.  

PubMed

Natural languages contain many layers of sequential structure, from the distribution of phonemes within words to the distribution of phrases within utterances. However, most research modeling language acquisition using artificial languages has focused on only one type of distributional structure at a time. In two experiments, we investigated adult learning of an artificial language that contains dependencies between both adjacent and non-adjacent words. We found that learners rapidly acquired both types of regularities and that the strength of the adjacent statistics influenced learning of both adjacent and non-adjacent dependencies. Additionally, though accuracy was similar for both types of structure, participants' knowledge of the deterministic non-adjacent dependencies was more explicit than their knowledge of the probabilistic adjacent dependencies. The results are discussed in the context of current theories of statistical learning and language acquisition. PMID:23772795

Romberg, Alexa R; Saffran, Jenny R

2013-06-14

305

Adults Learning Languages: A CILT Guide to Good Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Adults Learning Languages" is aimed at those responsible for teaching languages across AE, FE and HE. In the much-changed world of post-19 languages, new funding and inspection regimes with revised needs for quality assurance are challenging practitioners to adapt and review approaches. This book offers teachers of languages to adults tools to…

Harnisch, Henriette, Ed.; Swanton, Pauline, Ed.

2004-01-01

306

Foreign Language Learning and SAT Verbal Scores Revisited  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of the study was to investigate the relationship between foreign language learning and verbal ability in English as measured by the verbal section of the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) Reasoning Test. Comparing foreign language students to nonforeign language students in this study, the effect of taking a foreign language on SAT…

Cooper, Thomas C.; Yanosky, Daniel J., II; Wisenbaker, Joseph M.; Jahner, David; Webb, Elizabeth; Wilbur, Marcia L.

2008-01-01

307

A Conceptual Framework in Language Learning Disabilities: School-Age Language Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author reflects upon some of the similarities and differences that exist across 25 years of research and practice in language learning disabilities and provides examples of how definitions of and perceptions about language, learning, and reading disabilities are still evolving. The author also evaluates language intervention approaches then…

Wallach, Geraldine P.

2005-01-01

308

Strategies for Language Learning and for Language Use: Revising the Theoretical Framework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Since the late 1970s, there has been widespread research interest in the strategies that learners use in learning and using second languages. This interest has generated a parallel research effort in language learner strategy instruction. The body of work to date suggests a possible relationship between strategy use and second language learning

Macaro, Ernesto

2006-01-01

309

Students' Language Learning Strategy Use and Achievement in the Korean as a Foreign Language Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the relationship between student strategy use and the development of proficiency in a Korean as a Foreign Language classroom. A total of 66 English native speakers learning Korean as a Foreign Language were administered the Strategy Inventory for Language Learning (SILL), Version 5.1. Findings indicated a low positive…

Murray, Bokyung

2010-01-01

310

The Use of the First Language in Second Language Learning Reconsidered  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper aims to study new techniques in second language learning involving the active use of the mother tongue in classroom situations. Several teaching methods will be discussed such as The Alternating Approach, The New Concurrent Method, and Community Language Learning method. These methods of employing the first language recognise the link…

Halasa, Najwa Hanna; Al-Manaseer, Majeda

2012-01-01

311

The Use of the First Language in Second Language Learning Reconsidered  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper aims to study new techniques in second language learning involving the active use of the mother tongue in classroom situations. Several teaching methods will be discussed such as The Alternating Approach, The New Concurrent Method, and Community Language Learning method. These methods of employing the first language recognise the link…

Halasa, Najwa Hanna; Al-Manaseer, Majeda

2012-01-01

312

Adults' language learning strategies in an intensive foreign language program in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Exploring a sample of adult language learners, this article shows the relationships between language learning strategies on the one hand and factors such as proficiency, teacher perceptions, gender, aptitude, learning style, personality type, ego boundaries, motivation, and anxiety on the other. This is an almost “optimal” group of language learners. Because of the sophisticated nature of this group of learners,

Rebecca L. Oxford; Madeline E. Ehrman

1995-01-01

313

"Deja Vu"? A Decade of Research on Language Laboratories, Television and Video in Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The developments in the last ten years in the form of DVD, streaming video, video on demand, interactive television and digital language laboratories call for an assessment of the research into language teaching and learning making use of these technologies and the learning paradigms underpinning them. This paper surveys research on language

Vanderplank, Robert

2010-01-01

314

Learn locally, act globally: learning language from variation set cues.  

PubMed

Variation set structure--partial overlap of successive utterances in child-directed speech--has been shown to correlate with progress in children's acquisition of syntax. We demonstrate the benefits of variation set structure directly: in miniature artificial languages, arranging a certain proportion of utterances in a training corpus in variation sets facilitated word and phrase constituent learning in adults. Our findings have implications for understanding the mechanisms of L1 acquisition by children, and for the development of more efficient algorithms for automatic language acquisition, as well as better methods for L2 instruction. PMID:19019350

Onnis, Luca; Waterfall, Heidi R; Edelman, Shimon

2008-11-18

315

Visual Literacy: A Concrete Language for the Learning Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The role of the right hemisphere of the brain in learning is examined, and the possibility of using visuals to improve verbal learning in right brain dominant learning disabled students is suggested. Approaches to stimulate oral language production, aid in the recall of written language, and achieve organizational style in writing through…

Sinatra, Richard

316

On the relationship between gender and perceptual language learning styles: the case of Iranian academic EFL learners  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the past few decades, research on gender and language learning styles (LLSs) across various EFL\\/ESL contexts has received remarkable attention. From these studies, a multitude of contradictory and heterogeneous findings has been observed which justify additional research in SLA contexts in general and EFL contexts like Iran in particular. Hence, the present study attempted to explore the relationship between

Mohammad Aliakbari; Khalil Tazik

2011-01-01

317

On the Relationship between Gender and Perceptual Language Learning Styles: The Case of Iranian Academic EFL Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the past few decades, research on gender and language learning styles (LLSs) across various EFL/ESL contexts has received remarkable attention. From these studies, a multitude of contradictory and heterogeneous findings has been observed which justify additional research in SLA contexts in general and EFL contexts like Iran in particular.…

Aliakbari, Mohammad; Tazik, Khalil

2011-01-01

318

Learning context cues for synapse segmentation.  

PubMed

We present a new approach for the automated segmentation of synapses in image stacks acquired by electron microscopy (EM) that relies on image features specifically designed to take spatial context into account. These features are used to train a classifier that can effectively learn cues such as the presence of a nearby post-synaptic region. As a result, our algorithm successfully distinguishes synapses from the numerous other organelles that appear within an EM volume, including those whose local textural properties are relatively similar. Furthermore, as a by-product of the segmentation, our method flawlessly determines synaptic orientation, a crucial element in the interpretation of brain circuits. We evaluate our approach on three different datasets, compare it against the state-of-the-art in synapse segmentation and demonstrate our ability to reliably collect shape, density, and orientation statistics over hundreds of synapses. PMID:23771317

Becker, Carlos; Ali, Karim; Knott, Graham; Fua, Pascal

2013-06-11

319

On the Relationship between Language Learning Strategies and Foreign Language Anxiety  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Previous research studies have shown language anxiety to be related with broad-based indices of language achievement, like course grade. However, to date, the potential link between foreign language anxiety and language learning strategies has not been empirically investigated. This study is an attempt to identify the relationship between…

Noormohamadi, Rezvan

2009-01-01

320

Learning in a u-Museum: Developing a Context-Aware Ubiquitous Learning Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context-awareness techniques can support learners in learning without time or location constraints by using mobile devices and associated learning activities in a real learning environment. Enrichment of context-aware technologies has enabled students to learn in an environment that integrates learning resources from both the real world and the…

Chen, Chia-Chen; Huang, Tien-Chi

2012-01-01

321

Towards an Understanding of the Virtual Context in Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Much of the literature theorising mobile learning emphasises the importance of context with physical and social contexts identified to date. Our work to design and implement authentic mobile simulation activities using SMS text messaging suggests that a third context may also be important. This is a virtual context, the learner-created cognitive…

Cornelius, Sarah; Marston, Phil

2009-01-01

322

Learning to Identify TV News Monologues by Style and Context.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This research focused on the problem of learning semantics from multimedia data associated with broadcast video documents. The authors proposed to learn semantic concepts from multimodal sources based on style and context detectors, in combination with st...

A. G. Hauptmann C. G. Snoek

2003-01-01

323

How Artefacts Mediate Small-Group Co-Creation Activities in a Mobile-Assisted Seamless Language Learning Environment?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The rich learning resources and contexts learners experience in their everyday life could play important roles in complementing formal learning, but are often neglected by learners and teachers. In this paper, we present an intervention study in "Move, Idioms!", a mobile-assisted Chinese language learning approach that emphasizes contextualized…

Wong, L. -H.; Chen, W.; Jan, M.

2012-01-01

324

How Artefacts Mediate Small-Group Co-Creation Activities in a Mobile-Assisted Seamless Language Learning Environment?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The rich learning resources and contexts learners experience in their everyday life could play important roles in complementing formal learning, but are often neglected by learners and teachers. In this paper, we present an intervention study in "Move, Idioms!", a mobile-assisted Chinese language learning approach that emphasizes contextualized…

Wong, L. -H.; Chen, W.; Jan, M.

2012-01-01

325

Bridging the Gap between Learning Management Systems and Learning Object Repositories: Exploiting Learning Context Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper explores the capabilities of a metadata framework based on learning technologies to make learning management systems (LMS) interoperate with learning object repositories (LOR), so that the LOR can obtain information from the LMS context that facilitates the retrieval of existing and insertion of new documents. The study distinguishes two uses cases (indexation of a SCORM compliant document and

Julien Broisin; Philippe Vidal; Michael Meire; Erik Duval

2005-01-01

326

Dynamic Learning Objects to Teach Java Programming Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes a model for teaching Java Programming Language through Dynamic Learning Objects. The design of the learning objects was based on effective learning design principles to help students learn the complex topic of Java Programming. Visualization was also used to facilitate the learning of the concepts. (Contains 1 figure and 2…

Narasimhamurthy, Uma; Al Shawkani, Khuloud

2010-01-01

327

Learning Decision Trees over Erasing Pattern Languages  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we consider a learning problem of decision trees over erasing patterns from positive examples in the framework of identification in the limit due to Gold and Angluin. An erasing pattern is a string pattern with constant symbols and erasable variables. A decision tree over erasing patterns can be applied to identify or express transmembrane domains of amino acid sequences, and gives intuitive knowledge expressions. We first show that the ordinary decision trees with height 1 over erasing regular patterns are learnable but those with height at most 2 are not learnable from positive examples. Then we introduce a co-pattern pc for an erasing pattern p, and we redefine the language of a decision tree over erasing patterns as a language obtainable by finitely many applications of union operations and intersection operations to the languages of erasing patterns and co-patterns. Under the new definition of decision trees, we show that these decision trees with height at most n are learnable from positive examples. Moreover, we investigate efficient learning algorithms for decision trees with height 1. Terada et al. discussed the same problem for decision trees over nonerasing patterns, and the results obtained in the present work are natural extensions of Terada's results.

Mukouchi, Yasuhito; Sato, Masako

2008-07-01

328

Language, reading, and math learning profiles in an epidemiological sample of school age children.  

PubMed

Dyscalculia, dyslexia, and specific language impairment (SLI) are relatively specific developmental learning disabilities in math, reading, and oral language, respectively, that occur in the context of average intellectual capacity and adequate environmental opportunities. Past research has been dominated by studies focused on single impairments despite the widespread recognition that overlapping and comorbid deficits are common. The present study took an epidemiological approach to study the learning profiles of a large school age sample in language, reading, and math. Both general learning profiles reflecting good or poor performance across measures and specific learning profiles involving either weak language, weak reading, weak math, or weak math and reading were observed. These latter four profiles characterized 70% of children with some evidence of a learning disability. Low scores in phonological short-term memory characterized clusters with a language-based weakness whereas low or variable phonological awareness was associated with the reading (but not language-based) weaknesses. The low math only group did not show these phonological deficits. These findings may suggest different etiologies for language-based deficits in language, reading, and math, reading-related impairments in reading and math, and isolated math disabilities. PMID:24155959

Archibald, Lisa M D; Oram Cardy, Janis; Joanisse, Marc F; Ansari, Daniel

2013-10-14

329

Language, Reading, and Math Learning Profiles in an Epidemiological Sample of School Age Children  

PubMed Central

Dyscalculia, dyslexia, and specific language impairment (SLI) are relatively specific developmental learning disabilities in math, reading, and oral language, respectively, that occur in the context of average intellectual capacity and adequate environmental opportunities. Past research has been dominated by studies focused on single impairments despite the widespread recognition that overlapping and comorbid deficits are common. The present study took an epidemiological approach to study the learning profiles of a large school age sample in language, reading, and math. Both general learning profiles reflecting good or poor performance across measures and specific learning profiles involving either weak language, weak reading, weak math, or weak math and reading were observed. These latter four profiles characterized 70% of children with some evidence of a learning disability. Low scores in phonological short-term memory characterized clusters with a language-based weakness whereas low or variable phonological awareness was associated with the reading (but not language-based) weaknesses. The low math only group did not show these phonological deficits. These findings may suggest different etiologies for language-based deficits in language, reading, and math, reading-related impairments in reading and math, and isolated math disabilities.

Archibald, Lisa M. D.; Oram Cardy, Janis; Joanisse, Marc F.; Ansari, Daniel

2013-01-01

330

Second Language Acquisition in a Study Abroad Context. Studies in Bilingualism 9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The collection of essays on second language learning during study abroad includes: "Language Learning and Study Abroad" (Barbara F. Freed); "Predictors of Foreign Language Gain During Study Abroad" (Richard D. Brecht, Dan E. Davidson, Ralph B. Ginsberg); "A Canadian Interprovincial Exchange: Evaluating the Linguistic Impact of a Three-Month Stay…

Freed, Barbara F., Ed.

331

The role of sound symbolism in language learning.  

PubMed

Certain correspondences between the sound and meaning of words can be observed in subsets of the vocabulary. These sound-symbolic relationships have been suggested to result in easier language acquisition, but previous studies have explicitly tested effects of sound symbolism on learning category distinctions but not on word learning. In 2 word learning experiments, we varied the extent to which phonological properties related to a rounded-angular shape distinction and we distinguished learning of categories from learning of individual words. We found that sound symbolism resulted in an advantage for learning categories of sound-shape mappings but did not assist in learning individual word meanings. These results are consistent with the limited presence of sound symbolism in natural language. The results also provide a reinterpretation of the role of sound symbolism in language learning and language origins and a greater specification of the conditions under which sound symbolism proves advantageous for learning. PMID:22468804

Monaghan, Padraic; Mattock, Karen; Walker, Peter

2012-04-02

332

Language Learning and Its Impact on the Brain: Connecting Language Learning with the Mind Through Content-Based Instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cognitive sciences are discovering many things that educators have always intuitively known about language learning. However, the important point is actively using this new information to improve both student learning and current teaching practices. The implications of neuroscience for educational reform regarding second language (L2) learning can clearly be seen in the following categories: brain structures and the corpus callosum;

Teresa J. Kennedy

2006-01-01

333

Learning a Language with Web 2.0: Exploring the Use of Social Networking Features of Foreign Language Learning Websites  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the results of an online survey and a usability test performed on three foreign language learning websites that use Web 2.0 technology. The online survey was conducted to gain an understanding of how current users of language learning websites use them for learning and social purposes. The usability test was conducted to gain…

Stevenson, Megan P.; Liu, Min

2010-01-01

334

Language Learning and Its Impact on the Brain: Connecting Language Learning with the Mind through Content-Based Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cognitive sciences are discovering many things that educators have always intuitively known about language learning. However, the important point is actively using this new information to improve both students learning and current teaching practices. The implications of neuroscience for educational reform regarding second language (L2) learning

Kennedy, Teresa J.

2006-01-01

335

Language Learning and Its Impact on the Brain: Connecting Language Learning with the Mind through Content-Based Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Cognitive sciences are discovering many things that educators have always intuitively known about language learning. However, the important point is actively using this new information to improve both students learning and current teaching practices. The implications of neuroscience for educational reform regarding second language (L2) learning

Kennedy, Teresa J.

2006-01-01

336

Adaptive Device Context Based Mobile Learning Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Mobile learning is e-learning delivered through mobile computing devices, which represents the next stage of computer-aided, multi-media based learning. Therefore, mobile learning is transforming the way of traditional education. However, as most current e-learning systems and their contents are not suitable for mobile devices, an approach for…

Pu, Haitao; Lin, Jinjiao; Song, Yanwei; Liu, Fasheng

2011-01-01

337

Learning Languages: The Journal of the National Network for Early Language Learning. Volume 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The three numbers of the new journal contain these articles: "Content-Related Teaching Through Distance Learning: A Viable Alternative?" (Zoe E. Louton); "Teacher as Researcher: Motivating an Eighth Grade Spanish Class" (Emily Francomano); "Traveling to South America on the Internet" (Margaret Reardon); "U.S. Joins Global Language Education…

Learning Languages: The Journal of the National Network for Early Language Learning, 1996

1996-01-01

338

Designing Environments for Teaching and Learning History in Multilingual Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Educational interventions designed to serve the needs of English language learners (ELLs) in U.S. public schools are developed within a fractured social context. Recent language and immigration policy debates in the U.S. have focused on the importance of English in attaining socio-economic success. On the other hand, research in applied…

Achugar, Mariana

2009-01-01

339

NEUROCOGNITIVE BASIS OF IMPLICIT LEARNING OF SEQUENTIAL STRUCTURE AND ITS RELATION TO LANGUAGE PROCESSING  

PubMed Central

The ability to learn and exploit environmental regularities is important for many aspects of skill learning of which language may be a prime example. Much of such learning proceeds in an implicit fashion, that is, it occurs unintentionally and automatically and results in knowledge that is difficult to verbalize explicitly. An important research goal is to ascertain the underlying neurocognitive mechanisms of implicit learning abilities and understand its contribution to perception, language, and cognition more generally. In this paper, we review recent work that investigates the extent to which implicit learning of sequential structure is mediated by stimulus-specific versus domain-general learning mechanisms. Although much of previous implicit learning research has emphasized its domain-general aspect, here we highlight behavioral work suggesting a modality-specific locus. Even so, our data also reveals that individual variability in implicit sequence learning skill correlates with performance on a task requiring sensitivity to the sequential context of spoken language, suggesting that implicit sequence learning to some extent is domain-general. Taking into consideration this behavioral work, in conjunction with recent imaging studies, we argue that implicit sequence learning and language processing are both complex, dynamic processes that partially share the same underlying neurocognitive mechanisms, specifically those that rely on the encoding and representation of phonological sequences.

CONWAY, CHRISTOPHER M.; PISONI, DAVID B.

2008-01-01

340

School Cultures as Contexts for Informal Teacher Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study profiles and compares international social contexts for teacher workplace informal learning from the teachers' perspectives. Set in elementary schools in the U.S. and Lithuania, the study illustrates how teachers make sense of and engage in professional learning within their historical, political and administrative contexts. A…

Jurasaite-Harbison, Elena; Rex, Lesley A.

2010-01-01

341

Making sense of learning to teach: learners in context  

Microsoft Academic Search

The focus of this paper is on student teachers' learning during the course of a one?year postgraduate programme and the importance of the interaction between learner identities and the contexts in which student teachers learn to teach: a relationship that is critical to our understanding of beginning teachers' development in whatever specific context it occurs. The research is based on

Trevor Mutton; Katharine Burn; Hazel Hagger

2010-01-01

342

Modeling Context-Aware e-Learning Scenarios  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the last decade, e-learning has been introduced to a variety of blended learning scenarios, such as life-long learning, University lectures, and game-based learning. In all these scenarios the learner's situation or context is an essential asset in designing the learning process. Recent research suggests aiding the design process through the use of visual modeling approaches. Pervasive computing environments particularly

Michael Derntl; Karin Anna Hummel

2005-01-01

343

Learning in Cultural Context: Developing Destinies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Over more than three decades spent researching cultural aspects of how children learn, the author has had the opportunity to learn about how individuals and cultural communities change and continue. During her research on children's learning by observing and "pitching in" in a Mayan community in Guatemala, the author learned a great deal from…

Rogoff, Barbara

2012-01-01

344

The Importance and Implications of the 'Critical Period' for Second-Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Assesses the importance and implications of the 'critical period' in second-language learning, which occurs when second-language learning overlaps primary language learning, ages two to thirteen. (LG)|

Hepworth, Janice C.

1974-01-01

345

Magda and Albana: Learning to Read with Dual Language Books  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the ways in which dual language books are used in England to support bilingual pupils in school. While pupils in many schools speak a wide range of languages at home, these hardly feature in the curriculum. In the context of a project in which an education authority provided dual language books to primary schools, the paper describes

Raymonde Sneddon

2008-01-01

346

Language, Learning, and National Goals: A Native American View.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As part of a symposium on issues related to diversity and American education reform in the context of Goal 3 of the National Education Goals, this paper addresses public attitudes about languages that are different from official or national languages. It is noted that the use of a native language as the medium of instruction to rebuild historical…

Demmert, William G., Jr.

347

The MOBO City: A Mobile Game Package for Technical Language Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this research we produced a mobile language learning game that is designed within a technical context. After conceptual analysis of the subject matter i.e. computer's motherboard, the game was designed. The action within the game is consistent to the theme. There is a story, simplifying and exaggerating real life. Elements of control, feedback and sense of danger are incorporated

Faranak Fotouhi-Ghazvini; Rae A. Earnshaw; David Robison; Peter Excell

2009-01-01

348

The Language-Learning Self, Self-Enhancement Activities, and Self Perceptual Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents an overview of action research conducted in an EFL university context, regarding primarily the relationship between individual possible self-images, socially constructed possible self-images, and language-learning motivation. The study used three cycles of action research over the course of one 15-week university semester,…

Sampson, Richard

2012-01-01

349

Research in Applied Linguistics and Language Teaching and Learning in New Zealand (2006-2010)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This survey gives an overview of research into language teaching and learning in New Zealand over a five-year period, including the context of that research. The majority of New Zealanders are monolingual English speakers, yet the country faces complex linguistic challenges arising from its bicultural foundations and the multicultural society it…

Ker, Alastair; Adams, Rebecca; Skyrme, Gillian

2013-01-01

350

Use of Language Learning Strategies by Spanish Adults for Business English  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this phenomenological study was to explore the language learning strategies (LLSs) of Spanish adults in a business context. The research questions examined the specific LLSs used by Spanish adults in business communication tasks. In addition, this study addressed the cultural influences on LLSs from the Spanish educational system along…

Judge, Jeffrey Wallace

2012-01-01

351

Artificial Intelligence and Second Language Learning: An Efficient Approach to Error Remediation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While theoretical approaches to error correction vary in the second language acquisition (SLA) literature, most sources agree that such correction is useful and leads to learning. While some point out the relevance of the communicative context in which the correction takes place, others stress the value of consciousness-raising. Trying to…

Dodigovic, Marina

2007-01-01

352

The Development of Social Learning in Interactive and Observational Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From the first year of life, imitative learning readily occurs in contexts where a demonstrator directly interacts with infants (i.e., "interactive contexts"), and at least by 18 months, imitation will also occur in third-party or observational contexts where infants witness a demonstration by another person that is not directed at them. However,…

Matheson, Heath; Moore, Chris; Akhtar, Nameera

2013-01-01

353

The Development of Social Learning in Interactive and Observational Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|From the first year of life, imitative learning readily occurs in contexts where a demonstrator directly interacts with infants (i.e., "interactive contexts"), and at least by 18 months, imitation will also occur in third-party or observational contexts where infants witness a demonstration by another person that is not directed at them. However,…

Matheson, Heath; Moore, Chris; Akhtar, Nameera

2013-01-01

354

A Topical Bibliography on Computer-Assisted Language Learning (CALL)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bibliography aims to serve the language teacher educators who are working in the field of Computer-Assisted Language Learning (CALL) by making a collection of 1732 bibliographic entries, which stem from mainly books and journal articles in English that date back to 1980 and provide good discussions on the theory of technology in language

Kilickaya, Ferit

2009-01-01

355

Young bilingual children learning to read with dual language books  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explores the way in which bilingual children of primary school age who have become dominant in English are learning to be literate in the language of the home using dual language books provided by the school. It reports on how the mothers and their children used both texts to transfer skills from one language to another; to negotiate

RAYMONDE SNEDDON

2008-01-01

356

Multimedia environments in language education: Where does the learning start?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper will attempt to illustrate how guided use of multimedia environments triggers language awareness thus contributing to our understanding of language learning processes. Multimedia environments will be discussed both as a source of authentic materials and as a medium for authentic interaction in the student's target language. It will be argued that multimedia environments are a means of encouraging

Luisa Panichi

2005-01-01

357

Teaching Languages to Students with Specific Learning Differences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is intended to help language teachers to work effectively and successfully with students who have specific learning differences (SpLD) such as dyslexia. The book takes an inclusive and practical approach to language teaching and encourages teachers to consider the effects that an SpLD could have on a language learner. It suggests…

Kormos, Judit; Smith, Anne Margaret

2012-01-01

358

Lessons about Learning: Comparing Learner Experiences with Language Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This is an account of how one class of English language learners compared and contrasted their language learning experiences with English language teaching (ELT) research findings during a five-week Intensive Academic Preparation course at an Australian university. It takes as its starting point the fact that learners, unlike teachers and…

Rowland, Luke

2011-01-01

359

OPTIMAL PSYCHOLINGUISTIC ENVIRONMENTS FOR DISTANCE FOREIGN LANGUAGE LEARNING  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rational choices among the numerous technological options available for foreign language teaching need to be based, in part, on psycholinguistic considerations. Which technological advances help create an optimal psycholinguistic environment for language learning, and which may be innovative but relatively unhelpful? One potential source of guidance is offered by the ten methodological principles of Task-Based Language Teaching (Long, 1985, and

CATHERINE J. DOUGHTY; MICHAEL H. LONG

360

Student Goals, Expectations, and the Standards for Foreign Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Standards for Foreign Language Learning in the 21st Century" represent a major effort for setting goals for language instruction across the United States and across instructional levels. They provide descriptions of what "language students should know and be able to do" through 11 content standards in five goal areas, the five…

Magnan, Sally S.; Murphy, Dianna; Sahakyan, Narek; Kim, Suyeon

2012-01-01

361

Language Learning Strategies and English Proficiency in Korean University Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Investigated the relationship between language learning strategies and second language proficiency for Korean students of English as a Second Language. Findings indicate that the relationship between strategies and proficiency was linear; strategies were significantly correlated with test scores; and cognitive and social strategies were more…

Park, Gi-Pyo

1997-01-01

362

Transfer Effects in Learning a Second Language Grammatical Gender System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article second language (L2) knowledge of Dutch grammatical gender is investigated. Adult speakers of German, English and a Romance language (French, Italian or Spanish) were investigated to explore the role of transfer in learning the Dutch grammatical gender system. In the first language (L1) systems, German is the most similar to Dutch…

Sabourin, Laura; Stowe, Laurie A.; de Haan, Ger J.

2006-01-01

363

Student Goals, Expectations, and the Standards for Foreign Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The "Standards for Foreign Language Learning in the 21st Century" represent a major effort for setting goals for language instruction across the United States and across instructional levels. They provide descriptions of what "language students should know and be able to do" through 11 content standards in five goal areas, the five…

Magnan, Sally S.; Murphy, Dianna; Sahakyan, Narek; Kim, Suyeon

2012-01-01

364

Attrition in Japanese language learning at Central Queensland University  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attrition rates in foreign language learning are particularly high in Category Four (script-based) languages such as Japanese. In terms of orthography, this is due to the difficulty of Japanese for learners whose native language is based on the English alphabet. These difficulties often result in high levels of anxiety experienced by learners, particularly in the first six months of beginning

Peter Grainger

365

The Spread of Computer-Assisted Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper argues that the vertical spread of computer-assisted language learning (CALL), i.e., a spread throughout language materials and curricula, makes it difficult to draw a clear distinction between CALL and other language materials. In view of the emphasis that teachers, researchers, and administrators have placed on evaluating CALL, I…

Chapelle, Carol A.

2010-01-01

366

Considering the Effects of Second Language Learning on Generation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we discuss how generation issues affect the design of a computer-assisted language learning tool designed to teach written English as a second language to deaf users of American Sign Language. We discuss a dual-component linguis- tic model that attempts to reflect the generation process of the learners. The first model compo- nent captures the influence of the

Kathleen F. McCoy; Christopher A. Penpington; Linda Z. Suri

367

Scaffolding Oral Language Development Through Poetry for Students Learning English.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the importance of providing opportunities for ongoing oral language development for all students, the particular needs of children learning English as a second language, and the unique appropriateness of poetry as a vehicle for providing practice and pleasure in oral language skill development. Notes that poetry provides a relaxed and…

Hadaway, Nancy L.; Vardell, Sylvia M.; Young, Terrell A.

2001-01-01

368

Language-Switching Costs in Bilingual Mathematics Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Behavioral studies on bilingual learning have revealed cognitive costs (lower accuracy and/or higher processing time) when the language of application differs from the language of learning. The aim of this functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study was to provide insights into the cognitive underpinnings of these costs (so-called…

Grabner, Roland H.; Saalbach, Henrik; Eckstein, Doris

2012-01-01

369

A model for self?regulated distance language learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The role of learner autonomy and self?regulated learning in distance education has received much attention. The application of these concepts impacts course design and, potentially, learner achievement. In the case of distance language learning, course designers must consider not only how to help learners gain communicative competence but also language learner strategies that support success. Although the concepts of autonomy

Maureen S. Andrade; Ellen L. Bunker

2009-01-01

370

Power within Blended Language Learning Programs in Japan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As blended language learning environments evolve within tertiary foreign language institutions, issues of power with regards to the privileging of electronic technologies come to the fore. Blended learning, or the principled mix of online and classroom-based activities, challenges the practices of traditional CALL and face-to-face teaching within…

Hinkelman, Don; Gruba, Paul

2012-01-01

371

Computer-Assisted Language Learning: From Vision to Reality?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Learning a second language is a challenging endeavor, and, for decades now, proponents of computer-assisted language learning (CALL) have declared that help is on the horizon. As documented not only in the "CALICO Journal" over its 25-year history but also in other scholarly venues, research has demonstrated the value of CALL. Nevertheless,…

Bush, Michael D.

2008-01-01

372

Second Language Learning and Cultural Representations: Beyond Competence and Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The socio-contextual model of second language (L2) learning proposes that L2 learning is influenced by aspects of contact with the L2 community, L2 confidence, and identification to both the first language and L2 community ( Clement, 1980; Noels & Clement, 1996). The present study examines how these aspects are linked to individuals' cultural…

Rubenfeld, Sara; Clement, Richard; Lussier, Denise; Lebrun, Monique; Auger, Rejean

2006-01-01

373

Learning to sportscast: a test of grounded language acquisition  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a novel commentator system that learns language from sportscasts of simulated soccer games. The system learns to parse and generate commentaries without any engineered knowledge about the English language. Train- ing is done using only ambiguous supervision in the form of textual human commentaries and simulation states of the soccer games. The sys- tem simultaneously tries to establish

David L. Chen; Raymond J. Mooney

2008-01-01

374

Mobile Language Learning: More than Just "The Platform"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Mobile-assisted language learning (MALL) is attracting a great deal of attention at present (Stockwell & Sotillo, 2011). However, it is important that teacher and researcher exploitation of technological developments be guided by more than just enthusiasm. "Language Learning & Technology's" commitment to empirical studies is admirable but, for…

Ballance, Oliver James

2012-01-01

375

Anxiety and Second/Foreign Language Learning Revisited  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article critically reviews the literature that examines the anxiety phenomenon in the field of second/foreign language learning. A major theme that runs through this review is how anxiety comes into play in second/foreign language learning, and whether it is a central construct or only an add-on element that is negligible. Anxiety is defined…

Zheng, Ying

2008-01-01

376

Gender and Language Learning Strategies: Looking beyond the Categories  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research on language learning strategies (LLS) has pointed to a significant association at a general level between learners' gender and their choice of LLS. To explore this generality further, we conducted a study on gender and strategy use with Sri Lankan learners (N = 886) of English as a second language (ESL) in five different learning

Liyanage, Indika; Bartlett, Brendan John

2012-01-01

377

Gender and Language Learning Strategies: Looking beyond the Categories  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on language learning strategies (LLS) has pointed to a significant association at a general level between learners' gender and their choice of LLS. To explore this generality further, we conducted a study on gender and strategy use with Sri Lankan learners (N = 886) of English as a second language (ESL) in five different learning

Liyanage, Indika; Bartlett, Brendan John

2012-01-01

378

Managing Self-Access Language Learning: Principles and Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper is based on a research project looking at the management of self-access language learning (SALL) from the perspective of the managers of self-access centres. It looks at the factors which influence the practice of seven managers of self-access language learning in tertiary institutions in Hong Kong. The discussion centres around five…

Gardner, David; Miller, Lindsay

2011-01-01

379

SignMT: An Alternative Language Learning Tool  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Learning a second language is very difficult, especially, for the disabled; the disability may be a barrier to learn and to utilize information written in text form. We present the SignMT, Thai sign to Thai machine translation system, which is able to translate from Thai sign language into Thai text. In the translation process, SignMT takes into…

Ditcharoen, Nadh; Naruedomkul, Kanlaya; Cercone, Nick

2010-01-01

380

A Test of the Critical Period Hypothesis for Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A critical period for language learning is often defined as a sharp decline in learning outcomes with age. This study examines the relevance of the critical period for English-speaking proficiency among immigrants in the USA. It uses microdata from the 2000 US Census, a model of language acquisition and a flexible specification of an estimating…

Chiswick, Barry R.; Miller, Paul W.

2008-01-01

381

Procedural Learning in Adolescents With and Without Specific Language Impairment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Deficits in procedural learning have been hypothesized to contribute to the language and in particular grammatical difficulties of individuals with specific language impairment (SLI). This study tested this hypothesis by examining serial reaction time (SRT) learning in adolescents with and without SLI. The SRT task involved blocks of random sequences and pattern sequences. Response times for correct trials showed that

J. Bruce Tomblin; Elina Mainela-Arnold; Xuyang Zhang

2007-01-01

382

Statistical Learning and Language: An Individual Differences Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although statistical learning and language have been assumed to be intertwined, this theoretical presupposition has rarely been tested empirically. The present study investigates the relationship between statistical learning and language using a within-subject design embedded in an individual-differences framework. Participants were administered…

Misyak, Jennifer B.; Christiansen, Morten H.

2012-01-01

383

Online Synchronous Language Learning: SLMS over the Internet  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Noting that distance learning environments often pose serious obstacles to second language instruction, Yuping Wang and Nian-Shing Chen propose that synchronous learning management systems (SLMS) can address the urgent need for real-time communication to support the student acquisition of language skills. To illustrate the pedagogical value of…

Wang, Yuping; Chen, Nian-Shing

2007-01-01

384

A Software Development Approach for Computer Assisted Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Over the last 5 years we have developed, produced, tested, and evaluated an authoring software package to produce web-based, interactive, audio-enhanced language-learning material. That authoring package has been used to produce language-learning material in French, Spanish, German, Arabic, and Tamil. We are currently working on increasing…

Cushion, Steve

2005-01-01

385

Computer-Assisted Foreign Language Teaching and Learning: Technological Advances  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Computer-Assisted Foreign Language Teaching and Learning: Technological Advances highlights new research and an original framework that brings together foreign language teaching, experiments and testing practices that utilize the most recent and widely used e-learning resources. This comprehensive collection of research will offer linguistic…

Zou, Bin; Xing, Minjie; Wang, Yuping; Sun, Mingyu; Xiang, Catherine H.

2013-01-01

386

Infants can rapidly learn words in a foreign language  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study used an object manipulation task to explore whether infants are able to learn words in a foreign language. French-learning 20-month-olds, who were taught new words in either English or French by a bilingual French-English speaker, succeeded in both language conditions.

Ranka Bijeljac-Babic; Khatijah Nassurally; Mélanie Havy; Thierry Nazzi

2009-01-01

387

The sex variable in foreign language learning: an integrative approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to determine the role of the sex variable in foreign language learning success by reviewing and connecting data gathered from several tests and studies, all of them dealing with boys' and girls' achievement, attitudes, motivation, opinions and learning strategies as regards foreign languages. In the light of the data analysed, the hypothesis put forward

PAULA LÓPEZ RÚA

388

Context and Utterance in the Study of Children's Media Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper identifies an increasing recognition of the role of “context” in explanations of children's televisual learning. A convergence of such concerns with those articulated in broader discussions of learning, especially in educational settings involving “scaffolding”, is presented. Discussion of selected transcripts suggests that children learn a range of media concepts through talk and activity, and that scaffolding this activity

Richard Eke

1995-01-01

389

Lexical Learning in Sung and Spoken Story Script Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although most children seem to love music, our understanding of the role it plays in facilitating speech and language learning is limited, as is research validating its efficacy in the clinical setting. The purpose of this study was to examine how singing affects children's quick incidental learning (QUIL) of novel vocabulary terms. Sixteen…

Kouri, Theresa A.; Winn, Jennifer

2006-01-01

390

The oral presentation as a context for learning and assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tests are said to be an important determiner of what actually happens in classrooms. There are claims for both positive and negative washback. However, there is still very little evidence of how washback from the test format affects learning and teaching activities in foreign language learning. There has been even less attention to the nature of the changes in classroom

Chutamas Sundrarajun; Richard Kiely

2010-01-01

391

On the contingent nature of language?learning tasks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using methods from conversation analysis, this paper explores ways that teacher?designed language?learning task interactions can vary in their performance due to the nature of face?to?face interaction. The analysis describes three task interactions from language?learning classrooms, showing how the contingencies that are necessitated by learners working in small groups provide for different task performance as well as different potentials for language

John Hellermann; Simona Pekarek Doehler

2010-01-01

392

Gender and Language Contact Research in the Australian Context.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines bilingual women and their discourses of identities, language choice, and language maintenance in light of new research on gender and language contact. Presents a view of value, roles, and directions of past and present research about gender and language contact and provides an example for future directions through examination of the…

Winter, Joanne; Pauwels, Anne

2000-01-01

393

The Two-Way Language Bridge: Co-Constructing Bilingual Language Learning Opportunities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Using a sociocultural theoretical lens, this study examines the nature of student interactions in a dual immersion school to analyze affordances for bilingual language learning, language exchange, and co-construction of language expertise. This article focuses on data from audio- and video-recorded interactions of fifth-grade students engaged in…

Martin-Beltran, Melinda

2010-01-01

394

Dual Language Development and Disorders: A Handbook on Bilingualism and Second Language Learning. Second Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As more and more dual language learners enter the school system, now is the ideal time for this second edition of the bestselling textbook--essential for preparing speech language pathologists (SLPs) and educators to work with young children who are bilingual or learning a second language. This comprehensive, student-friendly text takes the…

Paradis, Johanne; Genesee, Fred; Crago, Martha B.

2011-01-01

395

Contributions of Language and Memory Demands to Verbal Memory Performance in Language-Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study is to investigate the performance of adults with language-based learning disorders (L/LD) and normal language controls on verbal short-term and verbal working memory tasks. Eighteen adults with L/LD and 18 normal language controls were compared on verbal short-term memory and verbal working memory tasks under low,…

Isaki, Emi; Spaulding, Tammie J.; Plante, Elena

2008-01-01

396

College Teachers' Perceptions of English Language Characteristics that Identify English Language Learning Disabled Deaf Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Deaf individuals typically experience English language difficulties at all levels of linguistic knowledge. Hearing individuals with English language learning disabilities (LD) can exhibit the same kinds of English language difficulties as deaf individuals. Although the existence of deaf individuals who also have LD has long been recognized, no definite criteria for identifying them exist, partly because of the confounding effects

Gerald P. Berent; Vincent J. Samar; Ila Parasnis

2000-01-01

397

Some uses of natural language interfaces in computer assisted language learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

It has often been proposed that computer programs simulating written conversation could be effective in language teaching and remediation. This paper presents a theoretical rationale for this approach, and reports empirical studies of its potential. Although the studies were concemed mainly with language-impaired children, their findings should have some relevance for the wider field of computer assisted language learning in

R. D. Ward

1989-01-01

398

How Might Pragmatic Language Skills Affect the Written Expression of Students with Language Learning Disabilities?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes ways in which pragmatic language abilities may play a role in the writing performance of children and adolescents with language learning disabilities. First, a brief overview is presented of how pragmatic language difficulties might negatively influence writing performance. Next, research on the writing performance of…

Troia, Gary A.

2011-01-01

399

Primary or "Specific" Language Impairment and Children Learning a Second Language  

PubMed Central

We review empirical findings from children with primary or “specific” language impairment (PLI) and children who learn a single language from birth (L1) and a second language (L2) beginning in childhood. The PLI profile is presented in terms of both language and nonlinguistic features. The discussion of L2 learners emphasizes variable patterns of growth and skill distribution in L1 and L2 which complicate the identification of PLI in linguistically diverse learners. We then introduce our research program, designed to map out common ground and potential fault lines between typically developing children learning one or two languages, as compared to children with PLI.

Kohnert, Kathryn; Windsor, Jennifer; Ebert, Kerry Danahy

2009-01-01

400

On Using Intelligent Computer-Assisted Language Learning in Real-Life Foreign Language Teaching and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper explores the motivation and prerequisites for successful integration of Intelligent Computer-Assisted Language Learning (ICALL) tools into current foreign language teaching and learning (FLTL) practice. We focus on two aspects, which we argue to be important for effective ICALL system development and use: (i) the relationship between…

Amaral, Luiz A.; Meurers, Detmar

2011-01-01

401

Personalised context-aware ubiquitous learning system for supporting effective English vocabulary learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because learning English is extremely popular in non-native English speaking countries, developing modern assisted-learning schemes that facilitate effective English learning is a critical issue in English-language education. Vocabulary learning is vital within English learning because vocabulary comprises the basic building blocks of English sentences. Therefore, numerous studies have attempted to increase the efficiency and performance of learning English vocabulary. ‘The

Chih-Ming Chen; Yi-Lun Li

2010-01-01

402

Simulations and Games as Chaordic Learning Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Effective facilitation of experiential learning involves an array of knowledge and skills. Educators who facilitate open simulations--one form of experiential learning--benefit from having relevant theoretical frameworks to sustain an appropriate balance between being directive and supportive of their participants' freedom to learn. This ongoing…

Leigh, Elyssebeth; Spindler, Laraine

2004-01-01

403

Application of Game-based Learning (GBL) on Chinese Language Learning in Elementary School  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is to explore the effect of applying game-based learning (GBL) in Chinese language learning for elementary school students in Taiwan. This study used the â??Millionaire Language Gameâ?ť was the research tool in the team competitions in Chinese language instruction. It then conducted survey on the students' attitudes and feedback regarding their usage experience, and interviews

Kun-Hsien Li; Shi-Jer Lou; Tsai-Feng Cheng; Huei-Yin Tsai

2012-01-01

404

Language Testing in the Context of Citizenship and Asylum: The Case of Estonia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The focus of the current article is language testing in the context of citizenship and asylum in Estonia, a country that regained independence in 1991. Estonian as the single official language of the country (according to the new language legislation laws) and a new political system have caused changes in use of and attitudes toward Estonian…

Zabrodskaja, Anastassia

2009-01-01

405

Testing-Context Analysis: Assessment Is Just Another Part of Language Curriculum Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In keeping with the theme of the International Language Testing Association/Language Testing Research Colloquium Conference in 2008, "Focusing on the Core: Justifying the Use of Language Assessments to Stakeholders," I define "stakeholder-friendly tests," "defensible testing," and "testing-context analysis." I then go on to discuss the rational…

Brown, James Dean

2008-01-01

406

Implementing E-Learning components with adult English language learners: Vital factors and lessons learned  

Microsoft Academic Search

The growing use of both computers and the Internet in adult English language classrooms has widespread implications for English language programs. As computer access increases, so do new learning technologies in adult literacy education. Specifically, this paper is interested in the case of adult English language instruction, also commonly referred to as English as a Second Language (ESL) or English

Joellen E. Coryell; Dominique T. Chlup

2007-01-01

407

Language Rights versus Speakers' Rights: On the Applicability of Western Language Rights Approaches in Eastern European Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main purpose of the present paper is to draw attention to contexts where two conceptions of linguistic rights--the rights of languages and the rights of speakers--come into conflict. To illustrate such conflict, I will examine justifications of language laws adopted in two post-Soviet countries, Latvia and Ukraine. I will begin with an…

Pavlenko, Aneta

2011-01-01

408

The Effect of Context on the Composition and Role of Orientations in Second Language Acquisition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A Canadian study of student orientation (integrative, instrumental, or other) and its relationship to second language learning motivation and sociocultural factors in the learning environment is discussed. The study compared the orientations and stated reasons for studying a second language of over 800 grade 11 students with data on three…

Kruidenier, Bastian G.; Clement, Richard

409

How ‘language-aware’ are lesson studies in an East Asian high school context?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Educators worldwide have been attracted by lesson study for its teaching and learning enhancement potential. However, some believe it takes for granted language, out of which all teaching and subject matter are made. Employing a functional linguistics lens in an analysis of two second language science lesson studies, called ‘learning’ studies in Hong Kong, the paper evaluates the extent of

Elizabeth Walker

2011-01-01

410

How "Language-Aware" Are Lesson Studies in an East Asian High School Context?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Educators worldwide have been attracted by lesson study for its teaching and learning enhancement potential. However, some believe it takes for granted language, out of which all teaching and subject matter are made. Employing a functional linguistics lens in an analysis of two second language science lesson studies, called "learning" studies in…

Walker, Elizabeth

2011-01-01

411

Testing-Context Analysis: Assessment is Just Another Part of Language Curriculum Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

In keeping with the theme of the International Language Testing Association\\/Language Testing Research Colloquium Conference in 2008, “Focusing on the Core: Justifying the Use of Language Assessments to Stakeholders,” I define stakeholder-friendly tests, defensible testing, and testing-context analysis. I then go on to discuss the rational for stakeholder-friendly testing and testing-context analysis and delineate the stages (and steps) involved in

James Dean Brown

2008-01-01

412

Context in Mathematics Learning: Problems and Possibilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents an instructional idea that facilitates the students' active participation in the problem analysis process using insufficient or contradictory problem contexts. (Contains 1 figure.)

Lee, Ji-Eun

2007-01-01

413

"It's Not Like Normal School": The Role of Prior Learning Contexts in Adult Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the ways in which prior experiences in formal learning contexts influence adult learners' views of their current context. Using interview data from five women participating in a General Educational Development program, this study suggests that these learners' constructions of previous learning contexts function as "screens"…

Belzer, Alisa

2004-01-01

414

A Heuristic Algorithm for Planning Personalized Learning Paths for Context-Aware Ubiquitous Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In a context-aware ubiquitous learning environment, learning systems can detect students' learning behaviors in the real-world with the help of context-aware (sensor) technology; that is, students can be guided to observe or operate real-world objects with personalized support from the digital world. In this study, an optimization problem that…

Hwang, Gwo-Jen; Kuo, Fan-Ray; Yin, Peng-Yeng; Chuang, Kuo-Hsien

2010-01-01

415

English Language Spread in Local Contexts: Turkey, Latvia and France  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the discussion of English language spread policies, scholars have taken various viewpoints. One approach concerns the "diffusion-of-English" and "language ecology" paradigms, which distinguish externally dominant English spread and resistance to this hegemony. Others have questioned this approach, and proposed that English language spread is…

Uysal, Hacer Hande; Plakans, Lia; Dembovskaya, Svetlana

2007-01-01

416

Implicit Statistical Learning and Language Skills in Bilingual Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: Implicit statistical learning in 2 nonlinguistic domains (visual and auditory) was used to investigate (a) whether linguistic experience influences the underlying learning mechanism and (b) whether there are modality constraints in predicting implicit statistical learning with age and language skills. Method: Implicit statistical…

Yim, Dongsun; Rudoy, John

2013-01-01

417

Language Learning Edutainment: Mixing Motives in Digital Resources  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Recent advances in digital video have lead to a convergence of mainstream entertainment (e.g., movies) and language learning tools. An example is a software system/media player called L1, which provides interactive subtitling and learning support for DVD entertainment products. Convergence of entertainment and learning resources raises…

Bird, Stephen A.

2005-01-01

418

Tandem Language Learning through a Cross-Cultural Keypal Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Patterns of students' language learning were examined through an asynchronous cross-cultural bilingual communication project conducted between Japanese university students learning English and Canadian university students learning Japanese. Previous studies on cross-cultural communication projects have reported positive outcomes in providing…

Kabata, Kaori; Edasawa, Yasuyo

2011-01-01

419

Embracing Technology: Learning a Foreign Language in Multimedia Environments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the experience of two young children learning Modern Standard Chinese (MSC) through playing in an unstructured home situation. Reports findings of their interaction with the software "The Language market." he research is the first phase of a longitudinal study of two young children learning MSC in a multimedia learning environment.…

Shen, Hui Zhong

2003-01-01

420

Visual Aids and Language Learning: An Experimental Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study explores the effect of visual stimuli on second language vocabulary development. An experiment performed at Georgetown University postulates the hypothesis that concrete target words learned through translation and visual aids should offer better learning than the same words learned through translation alone. Findings are determined…

Tong, John S.

421

The Power of "We" Language in Creating Equitable Learning Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Effective teaching values the classroom as a learning community in which instructional approaches optimize learning for all students. Contrary to the principles of an equitable learning environment is the use of "me" language by teachers, a practice that promotes the role of teacher as high status and inadvertently excludes students from the…

Erb, Cathy Smeltzer

2010-01-01

422

Musical experience influences statistical learning of a novel language.  

PubMed

Musical experience may benefit learning of a new language by increasing the fidelity with which the auditory system encodes sound. In the current study, participants with varying degrees of musical experience were exposed to two statistically defined languages consisting of auditory Morse code sequences that varied in difficulty. We found an advantage for highly skilled musicians, relative to lower-skilled musicians, in learning novel Morse code-based words. Furthermore, in the more difficult learning condition, performance of lower-skilled musicians was mediated by their general cognitive abilities. We suggest that musical experience may improve processing of statistical information and that musicians' enhanced ability to learn statistical probabilities in a novel Morse code language may extend to natural language learning. PMID:23505962

Shook, Anthony; Marian, Viorica; Bartolotti, James; Schroeder, Scott R

2013-01-01

423

PROGRAMMED LEARNING IN CENTRAL AFRICAN CONTEXTS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

SINCE 1964, THE PROGRAMMED LEARNING CENTRE AT THE UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF RHODESIA HAS BEEN INVESTIGATING THE POTENTIALITIES OF PROGRAMED LEARNING FOR CENTRAL AFRICA THROUGH A SERIES OF CONTROLLED EXPERIMENTS USING LOCALLY-WRITTEN AND PUBLISHED PROGRAMS. ASSESSMENT OF THE DESIRABILITY AND USEFULNESS OF PROGRAMS IN TEACHING, AND ASSESSMENT OF THEIR…

HAWKRIDGE, D.G.

424

Sound Symbolic Word Learning in Written Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Sound symbolism is the notion that the relation between word sounds and word meaning is not arbitrary for all words, but rather there is a subset of words in the world's languages for which sounds and their symbols have some degree of correspondence. This research investigates sound symbolism as a possible means of gaining semantic knowledge of…

Parault, Susan J.

2006-01-01

425

FL-IDE: hypertext for structuring a conceptual design for computer-assisted language learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

A compelling problem for language pedagogues is teaching foreign languages to students so they can retain and use the language skills in real communicative situations. One way to help students learn these skills is to understand and improve current pedagogical approaches to language learning. New technology such as Computer-Assisted Language Learning (CALL) provides pedagogues with rich, multimedia environments for presenting

Merryanna L. Swartz; Daniel M. Russell

1989-01-01

426

Fostering Learner Autonomy: Power and Reciprocity in the Relationship between Language Learner and Language Learning Adviser  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developments in lifelong learning and learner autonomy have given fresh impetus to the debate about learning without formal teaching. This paper concerns the educational relationship between learner and adviser in self-directed schemes. Two French self-directed language learning set-ups were observed, one situated at university level (Systeme…

Ciekanski, Maud

2007-01-01

427

Language Development and Learning to Read: The Scientific Study of How Language Development Affects Reading Skill  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research on reading has tried, and failed, to account for wide disparities in reading skill even among children taught by the same method. Why do some children learn to read easily and quickly while others, in the same classroom and taught by the same teacher, don't learn to read at all? In "Language Development and Learning to Read", Diane…

McGuinness, Diane

2005-01-01

428

Ojibwe Language Revitalization, Multimedia Technology, and Family Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although Indigenous language loss and revitalization are not new topics of academic work nor new areas of community activism (e.g., King, 2001; Grenoble & Whaley, 2006), increased attention has been paid in recent years to the ways that new technology can support efforts to teach and renew endangered languages such as Ojibwe. However, much of the…

Hermes, Mary; King, Kendall A.

2013-01-01

429

Integrating 'Context' in e-Learning Systems Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

Whilst there is a common agreement on the need to design e-learning systems able to take into account more explicitly the 'context' in which learners operate within organizations in order to achieve higher levels of customization (personalized interaction) and impact, many different perspectives exist related to the characterization of which 'context' has to be integrated in the design process, and

Thierry Nabeth; Albert A. Angehrn; Rathish Balakrishnan

2004-01-01

430

Context and Rationality In Mezirow's Theory of Transformational Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Transformational learning is fundamentally concerned with construing meaning from experience as a guide to action. In his theory of perspective transformation, Mezirow presents a significant conceptualization of that process, but it is flawed in one major aspect: It fails to account for context. We examine the absence of context in the theory itself, then focus on the decontextualized form of

M. Carolyn Clark; Arthur L. Wilson

1991-01-01

431

Self and Social Regulation in Learning Contexts: An Integrative Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article outlines the rationale for an integrative perspective of self- and social regulation in learning contexts. The role of regulatory mechanisms in self- and social regulation models is examined, leading to the view that in real time collaborative learning, individuals and social entities should be conceptualized as self-regulating and coregulated systems at the same time. Living systems theory provides

SIMONE VOLET; MARJA VAURAS; PEKKA SALONEN

2009-01-01

432

Studying Identity in Learning Contexts from a Human Sciences Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, learning scientists have attended more and more to the study of learning as a uniquely human endeavor that occurs in the context of cultural practices and that is linked to values and future imagined selves. In so doing, the field has taken considerations of identity seriously. In this chapter, the author explores some of the…

Nasir, Na'ilah Suad

2010-01-01

433

Investigating the role of response in spatial context learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent research has shown that simple motor actions, such as pointing or grasping, can modulate the way we perceive and attend to our visual environment. Here we examine the role of action in spatial context learning. Previous studies using keyboard responses have revealed that people are faster locating a target on repeated visual search displays (“contextual cueing”). However, this learning

Tal Makovski; Yuhong V. Jiang

2011-01-01

434

Generation of crossmedia dynamic learning contexts from iTV  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tendencies in convergence, integration and co-existence of several media technologies are creating new opportunities for the globalization of learning practices. Simultaneously, the lifelong learning phenomena, which will take place in a wide variety of contexts and locations, call for flexible environments. iTV holds a great potential in this scenario, but there is still limited research in terms of cognitive and

Alcina Prata; Teresa Chambel; Nuno Guimarăes

2010-01-01

435

Self- and Social Regulation in Learning Contexts: An Integrative Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article outlines the rationale for an integrative perspective of self- and social regulation in learning contexts. The role of regulatory mechanisms in self- and social regulation models is examined, leading to the view that in real time collaborative learning, individuals and social entities should be conceptualized as self-regulating and…

Volet, Simone; Vauras, Marja; Salonen, Pekka

2009-01-01

436

Effects of consonantal context on perception of French rounded vowels by American English adults with and without French language experience  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study extended Gottfried's [J. Phonetics 12, 91-114 (1984)] investigation of the effects of learning French on AE listeners categorial discrimination of the contrasts involving Parisian French vowels /y/, /ř/, /u/, and /i/. Vowels were presented in /rabVp/ and /radVt/ bisyllables embedded in carrier phrases by three different speakers in an AXB discrimination task. Two groups were tested: proficient L2-French-speaking AE listeners (Exp) and non-French-speaking AE listeners (Inexp). Overall, the Exp group performed better than the Inexp group on /u-ř/, /y-i/, and /y-ř/ distinctions (mean errors: Exp=5%, Inexp=24%). However, for /u-y/, the groups did not differ (Exp=30% vs Inexp=24% errors). The findings may be explained by perceptual assimilation patterns, which are determined, in part, by consonantal context. The Inexp group confused /y/ with /i/ in bilabial context, but /y/ with /u/ in alveolar context, whereas the Exp group confused /y/ with /u/, in both contexts. For all contrasts, the Inexp group performed better in bilabial than in alveolar context (16% vs 32% errors), whereas no context effect was revealed for the Exp group. The results suggest that learning a foreign language includes learning its coarticulatory rules.

Levy, Erika S.; Strange, Winifred

2002-05-01

437

Age-Related Differences in Foreign Language Learning. Revisiting the Empirical Evidence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper focuses on the effects of age on second language learning, specifically in foreign language settings. It begins by pointing out that the effects of learners' initial age of learning in foreign language learning settings are partially different from those in naturalistic language learning settings and, furthermore, that studies in the…

Munoz, Carmen

2008-01-01

438

Language Learning Strategies and Styles among Iranian Engineering and Political Science Graduate Students Studying Abroad  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Language learning strategies are used with the explicit goal of helping learners improve their knowledge and understanding of a target language. They are the conscious thoughts and behaviors used by students to facilitate language learning tasks and to personalize language learning process. Learning styles on the other hand, are "general…

Alireza, Shakarami; Abdullah, Mardziha H.

2010-01-01

439

Reactivation of lapsed languages in the context of modern foreign languages teacher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the problems encountered by trainee language teachers who strive to maintain their language skills at their optimum level in the classroom. Many trainees will admit that their language skills need refreshing and a significant number of mentors agree with them. This article explores language attrition and strategies that can be employed to reactivate lapsed language skills. This

Jill Llewellyn-Williams

2012-01-01

440

Doomed to read in a second language: implications for learning.  

PubMed

The aim of the study was to elucidate whether and how reliance on a second language impacts the learning of new information under very basic learning conditions. The paradigm used to investigate this issue required individuals to learn a series of associations between numerals and particular letter strings. Participants were two groups of university students: (1) individuals for whom spoken Hebrew was the mother tongue and written Hebrew a primary orthography (L1 group), and (2) individuals for whom Hebrew, both spoken and written, was a second language (L2 group). Data were collected under two conditions. In the language-dependent condition (LDC), the paradigm required learning associations between eight numerals and the letter strings of eight familiar Hebrew words. In the language-independent condition (LIC), it required learning associations between eight numerals and eight random letter strings in Hebrew. Results suggest that learners may be significantly disadvantaged when compelled to learn new information mediated in a second language. This disadvantage appears to manifest itself at a very basic learning level and in instances where new information is mediated by language that is fairly overlearned by the L2 learner. PMID:19644757

Miller, Paul; Peleg, Ora

2009-07-31

441

Context-Sensitive MTL Networks for Machine Lifelong Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Context-sensitive Multiple Task Learning, or csMTL, is presented as a method of inductive transfer that uses a single output neural network and additional contextual inputs for learning multiple tasks. The csMTL method is tested on three task domains and shown to produce hypotheses for a primary task that are significantly bet- ter than standard MTL hypotheses when learning in the

Daniel L. Silver; Ryan Poirier

2007-01-01

442

The Effects of Context on the Classroom Discourse Skills of Children with Language Impairment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of context on the classroom discourse skills of children with language impairment (LI). Method: Four classroom contexts were audiotaped among 11 children with LI: a journal-writing conference, a small-group lesson, a peer play session, and sharing time. Results: Context affected the…

Peets, Kathleen F.

2009-01-01

443

A Sociocultural Perspective on Second Language Learner Strategies: Focus on the Impact of Social Context  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies on second language (L2) learners' strategies tended to characterize strategies as individual learners' cognitive predispositions or personality traits, leaving a critical question unanswered: Why do learners use different strategies in different contexts? From a sociocultural perspective, this article pursued this question by focusing on the impacts of the classroom context and the broader social context on the use of

Eun-Young Jang; Robert T. Jiménez

2011-01-01

444

Language Learning and Control in Monolinguals and Bilinguals  

PubMed Central

Parallel language activation in bilinguals leads to competition between languages. Experience managing this interference may aid novel language learning by improving the ability to suppress competition from known languages. To investigate the effect of bilingualism on the ability to control native-language interference, monolinguals and bilinguals were taught an artificial language designed to elicit between-language competition. Partial activation of interlingual competitors was assessed with eye-tracking and mouse-tracking during a word recognition task in the novel language. Eye-tracking results showed that monolinguals looked at competitors more than bilinguals, and for a longer duration of time. Mouse-tracking results showed that monolinguals’ mouse-movements were attracted to native-language competitors, while bilinguals overcame competitor interference by increasing activation of target items. Results suggest that bilinguals manage cross-linguistic interference more effectively than monolinguals. We conclude that language interference can affect lexical retrieval, but bilingualism may reduce this interference by facilitating access to a newly-learned language.

Bartolotti, James; Marian, Viorica

2012-01-01

445

Visual Feedback for a Student Learning Language Pronunciation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The learning of language pronunciation can be a frustrating and time consuming process. Traditional methods require feedback from another person, usually an instructor or another student, or use of a self assessment technique such as the listen record and...

K. H. Fritzsche

1997-01-01

446

Morphological Processing and Computer-Assisted Language Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reports on GLOSSER, an intelligent assistant for Dutch students learning to read French, and discusses the position of natural-language processing within computer-assisted instruction, using GLOSSER as an example. (Author/VWL)|

Nerbonne, John; Dokter, Duco; Smit, Petra

1998-01-01

447

Otitis Media and Language Learning Sequelae: Controversies and Current Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Considerable controversy surrounds whether a history of otitis media with effusion (OME) causes later language and learning difficulties. Otitis media is the most frequently diagnosed illness among children in the United States and one of the major reason...

J. E. Roberts

2003-01-01

448

Innovation in learning and development in multilingual and multicultural contexts: Principles learned from a higher educational study programme in Luxembourg  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Multilingualism in education is a conceptual as well as a pedagogical challenge of the 21st century. Luxembourg, with its three statutory official languages (Luxembourgish, French and German), is an especially complex setting. The gap between traditional principles of language education on the one hand and the challenging impacts of today's multilingualisms on the other led the University of Luxembourg (founded in 2003) to set up a developmentally-driven Master's programme in 2007, entitled "Learning and Development in Multilingual and Multicultural Contexts". After a presentation of the general multilingual settings in Luxembourg, this paper discusses the constellation of the multilingual University's staff and students and provides an analysis of the concept of the course by outlining its innovative approach, its principles and lessons learned with regard to running a trilingual higher education programme.

Ziegler, Gudrun

2011-12-01

449

Intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, and learning English as a foreign language.  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to examine the relationships of amotivation, extrinsic motivation, and intrinsic motivation with learning the English language. The 230 Iranian students at Shiraz University were tested using the Language Learning Orientations Scales to measure Amotivation, Extrinsic Motivation, and Intrinsic Motivation as explanatory variables. Grade point average in English exams was selected as a measure of English learning Achievement. Multiple regression analysis revealed that learning Achievement scores were predicted by scores on the Amotivation subscale, Introjected Regulation subscale, Knowledge subscale, and Stimulation subscale, whereas, the External and Identified Regulation and Accomplishment subscales did not have a significant relationship with Achievement. The results are discussed in terms of differences in Iranian context and culture. PMID:17305201

Shaikholeslami, Razieh; Khayyer, Mohammad

2006-12-01

450

Does learning in clinical context in anatomical sciences improve examination results, learning motivation, or learning orientation?  

PubMed

The preclinical compulsory elective course "Ready for the Operating Room (OR)!?" [in German]: "Fit für den OP (FOP)"] was implemented for students in their second year, who were simultaneously enrolled in the gross anatomy course. The objective of the study was to determine whether the direct practical application of anatomical knowledge within the surgical context of the course led to any improvement in learning motivation, learning orientation, and ultimately examination results in the gross anatomy course, as compared with a control group. Within the scope of five teaching sessions, the students learned surgical hand disinfection, suturing techniques, and the identification of commonly used surgical instruments. In addition, the students attended five surgical demonstrations performed by surgical colleagues on cadavers. Successful learning of these basic skills was then assessed based on an Objectively Structured Practical Examination. Learning motivation and learning orientation in both subgroups was determined using the SELLMO-ST motivation test and the Approaches and Study Skills Inventory test. While a significant increase in work avoidance was identified in the control group, this was not the case for FOP participants. Similarly, an increase in the "deep approach" to learning, as well as a decrease in the "surface approach," was able to be documented among the FOP participants following completion of the course. The results suggest that students enrolled in the gross anatomy course, who were simultaneously provided with the opportunity to learn in clinical context, were more likely to be successful at maintaining learning motivation and learning orientation required for the learning process, than students who attended the gross anatomy course alone. © 2013 American Association of Anatomists. PMID:23733503

Böckers, Anja; Mayer, Christian; Böckers, Tobias Maria

2013-06-01

451

Chapter Six: Contexts of Teaching and Testing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter continues the focus on learning, but now in the context of schooling. How does a practice approach explain language learning in relationship to language teaching and language testing? In Practice Theory, a foreign language classroom is a site for pedagogical practices and what students learn is how to participate in those practices.…

Young, Richard F.

2008-01-01

452

Grammatical form and semantic context in verb learning  

PubMed Central

Decades of research have documented that young word learners have more difficulty learning verbs than nouns. Nonetheless, recent evidence has uncovered conditions under which children as young as 24 months succeed. Here, we focus in on the kind of linguistic information that undergirds 24-month-olds’ success. We introduced 24-month-olds to novel words (either nouns or verbs) as they watched dynamic scenes (e.g., a man waving a balloon); the novel words were presented in semantic contexts that were either rich (e.g., The man is pilking a balloon), or more sparse (e.g., He’s pilking it). Toddlers successfully learned nouns in both the semantically rich and sparse contexts, but learned verbs only in the rich context. This documents that to learn the meaning of a novel verb, English-acquiring toddlers take advantage of the semantically rich information provided in lexicalized noun phrases. Implications for cross-linguistic theories of acquisition are discussed.

Arunachalam, Sudha; Waxman, Sandra R.

2011-01-01

453

Basic Skills Resource Center: A Pilot Study of Learning Strategies Training with Students of English as a Second Language in the Army.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The pilot study described in this report, a part of the Basic Skills Resource Center resesrch component, was undertaken to investigate the possibility of providing learning strategies instruction in the context of the Army's English as a second language (...

G. Stewner-Manzanares L. Kupper J. M. O'Malley R. P. Russo

1985-01-01

454

Creating a Technology-Rich English Language Learning Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of computer technology in English language teaching and learning is accepted, often uncritically, in many settings,\\u000a even though in other settings, computers are not available, while in still other settings, teachers and learners often lack\\u000a the necessary computer literacy skills to exploit the technology effectively for language teaching and learning. While many\\u000a articles and books discuss tips for

Denise E. Murray

455

Using Video-on-Demand for Language Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we describe our work in using video-on-demand for student centred learning in Modern Languages. Digital video for language learning must be very high quality. It is important that students are able to see clearly how the speaker forms sounds. Also, audio and lip-synchronisation need to be very good. For this reason, most low bit rate digital video

Sally Staddon; Philip Branch

456

Students’ Perceptions of Different Delivery Methods in Hybrid Language Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In the last decade, a wide variety of computer applications for language learning have been introduced into Japanese educational\\u000a settings. According to this recent trend, various computer-based courseware or commercial software for language learning plays\\u000a an indispensable role in higher educational organizations. However, not enough research has been done concerning which and\\u000a how courseware can be adapted to the particular

Yoko Hirata; Yoshihiro Hirata

457

Student Attitudes and Foreign Language Learning.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report discusses the relation between the attitudes of students toward foreign language study and their subsequent course achievement. Data on students' attitudes and motivation were collected from about 300 foreign language students at eight military...

A. I. Fiks G. H. Brown

1969-01-01

458

Serious Use of a Serious Game for Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Tactical Language and Culture Training System (TLCTS) helps learners acquire basic communicative skills in foreign languages and cultures. Learners acquire communication skills through a combination of interactive lessons and serious games. Artificial intelligence plays multiple roles in this learning environment: to process the learner's…

Johnson, W. Lewis

2010-01-01

459

Pragmatics and Language Learning. Monograph Series Volume 6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The series of articles in this volume were selected from among those presented at the 8th Annual International Conference on Pragmatics and Language Learning in April 1994. Articles include: "The Right Tool for the Job: Techniques for Analysis of Natural Language Use" (Georgia M. Green); "Sinclair & Coulthard Revisited: Global- and…

Bouton, Lawrence F., Ed.

460

Language Learning Motivation: Who Do You Want to Be?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the author critiques six articles. Five of the six articles are about motivation in language learning, an area which has seen considerable theoretical and empirical development over the last decade. The articles she reviews include: (1) Udo Jung's report on the top twelve "most prestigious FLT (foreign language teaching)…

Broady, Elspeth

2005-01-01

461

The Cultural Dimensions of Language Teaching and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Language teaching and learning has many different cultural dimensions, and over the years more and more of these have been the subject of research. The first dimension to be explored was that of content: the images of target language countries and the world that were offered in textbooks and presented in class. The next dimension was that of the…

Risager, Karen

2011-01-01

462

Procedural Visual Learning in Children with Specific Language Impairment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: According to the "procedural deficit hypothesis" (PDH), difficulties in the procedural learning (PL) system may contribute to the language difficulties observed in children with specific language impairment (SLI). Method: Fifteen children with SLI and their typically developing (TD) peers were compared on visual PL tasks--specifically,…

Gabriel, Audrey; Stefaniak, Nicolas; Maillart, Christelle; Schmitz, Xavier; Meulemans, Thierry

2012-01-01

463

Early Language Learning and Literacy: Neuroscience Implications for Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The last decade has produced an explosion in neuroscience research examining young children's early processing of language that has implications for education. Noninvasive, safe functional brain measurements have now been proven feasible for use with children starting at birth. In the arena of language, the neural signatures of learning can be…

Kuhl, Patricia K.

2011-01-01

464

Computer-Assisted Language Learning Conversations: Negotiating an Outcome.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proposes a model for a computer-assisted language learning software design based on interactionist theories of first and second language acquisition. Comparison of the conversational discourse generated by two groups of students working on negotiable- and non-negotiable outcome programs found that the negotiable-outcome software generated…

Young, Richard

1988-01-01

465

INTERCOMPREHENSION: A NEW APPROACH TO LEARNING AND TEACHING LANGUAGES  

Microsoft Academic Search

The beginning of 90s was the starting point for a new approach towards teaching and learning languages. The idea of plurilingual education gained new grounds once the term Intercomprehension was used to define a new form of communication in which each individual uses his or her own language BUT yet, understands that of the other. The aim of this paper

Maria Filomena Capucho; Delia Lungu

466

Multiple intelligences and language learning strategies: Investigating possible relations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study was conducted to investigate the existence of any possible relationship between the use of language learning strategies and multiple intelligences’ scores of foreign language learners of English. Ninety subjects participated in the study. To measure the participants’ multiple intelligence scores, MIDAS, a commercially designed instrument, was used. Learners’ strategy use was checked through SILL, Strategy use Inventory

Ramin Akbari; Kobra Hosseini

2008-01-01

467

Multiple Intelligences and Language Learning Strategies: Investigating Possible Relations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present study was conducted to investigate the existence of any possible relationship between the use of language learning strategies and multiple intelligences' scores of foreign language learners of English. Ninety subjects participated in the study. To measure the participants' multiple intelligence scores, MIDAS, a commercially designed…

Akbari, Ramin; Hosseini, Kobra

2008-01-01

468

Student Preconceptions of Japanese Language Learning in 1989 and 2004  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study compares student preconceptions and expectations of Japanese language learning from studies conducted in 1989 and 2004. Over the years, student interests and pedagogical approaches have changed. However, the changes do not reflect on the student preconceptions and expectations. They still believe in traditional approaches to language

Hayashi, Atsuko

2009-01-01

469

Affordances for Second Language Learning in "World of Warcraft"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|What are the affordances of online gaming environments for second language learning and socialization? To answer this question, this qualitative study examines two college-age Spanish learners' experiences participating in the Spanish language version of the massively multi-player online game "World of Warcraft." Using data culled from…

Rama, Paul S.; Black, Rebecca W.; van Es, Elizabeth; Warschauer, Mark

2012-01-01

470

Affordances for Second Language Learning in "World of Warcraft"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What are the affordances of online gaming environments for second language learning and socialization? To answer this question, this qualitative study examines two college-age Spanish learners' experiences participating in the Spanish language version of the massively multi-player online game "World of Warcraft." Using data culled from participant…

Rama, Paul S.; Black, Rebecca W.; van Es, Elizabeth; Warschauer, Mark

2012-01-01

471

Functional Connectivity Changes in Second Language Vocabulary Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Functional connectivity changes in the language network (Price, 2010), and in a control network involved in second language (L2) processing (Abutalebi & Green, 2007) were examined in a group of Persian (L1) speakers learning French (L2) words. Measures of network integration that characterize the global integrative state of a network (Marrelec,…

Saidi, Ladan Ghazi; Perlbarg, Vincent; Marrelec, Guillaume; Pelegrini-Issac, Melani; Benali, Habib; Ansaldo, Ana-Ines

2013-01-01

472

A Heuristic Parsing Procedure for a Language Learning Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports a portion of a research effort to develop a program which will simulate the language learning behavior of humans. Here presented is a heuristic parsing procedure which accepts natural language sentences and produces for each a form of analysis called a "labeled dependency tree." The formal grammar on which the procedure is based…

Lindsay, Robert K.

473

Early Language Learning and Literacy: Neuroscience Implications for Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The last decade has produced an explosion in neuroscience research examining young children's early processing of language that has implications for education. Noninvasive, safe functional brain measurements have now been proven feasible for use with children starting at birth. In the arena of language, the neural signatures of learning can be…

Kuhl, Patricia K.

2011-01-01

474

The Digital Playground: Kindergarten Children Learning Sign Language Through Multimedia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article discusses a study of 4-5 year old children's use of technology to assist and enhance the acquisition of a play lexicon within a formal educational setting. The new language system to be learned was Auslan, a signed\\/nonverbal language. A purpose specific software program was developed by the authors, \\

Kirsten Ellis; Kathy Blashki

2007-01-01

475

Tablets for Informal Language Learning: Student Usage and Attitudes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Mobile-assisted language learning (MALL), a relatively new area of CALL inquiry, is gaining more and more attention from language educators with the development of new mobile devices. Tablet computers--featuring high mobility, convenient network connectivity, and smart application extendibility--are part of a wave of the latest mobile inventions;…

Chen, Xiao-Bin

2013-01-01

476

Serious Use of a Serious Game for Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Tactical Language and Culture Training System (TLCTS) helps learners acquire basic communicative skills in foreign languages and cultures. Learners acquire communication skills through a combination of interactive lessons and serious games. Artificial intelligence plays multiple roles in this learning environment: to process the learner's…

Johnson, W. Lewis

2010-01-01

477

The Cultural Dimensions of Language Teaching and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Language teaching and learning has many different cultural dimensions, and over the years more and more of these have been the subject of research. The first dimension to be explored was that of content: the images of target language countries and the world that were offered in textbooks and presented in class. The next dimension was that of the…

Risager, Karen

2011-01-01

478

Common Errors in Language Learning: Insights from English.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents a three-part discussion of the causes and prevention of errors in foreign language learning with particular reference to English as a second language. The first part provides a survey of error analysis, defining what is meant by the term "error" and establishing a model of error production. Other terms explained in this section…

George, H. V.

479

Going Green - Can it help foreign language learning, too?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored the effects of having Japanese classes in an outdoor environment on foreign language anxiety. A total of 28 students learning Japanese as a foreign language in the two third-semester Japanese courses offered in the fall semester of 2007 in an American university in the Southeast. The teacher of the two courses participated as well. In order to

Takayuki Nishimata

2008-01-01

480

Early Modern Language Learning: Conditions of Success.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A language education specialist who has studied elementary school second language programs, primarily in France but also in other European countries, outlines the factors he has found contributing to program success and makes recommendations for further development of second language education in Europe. Seven conditions for effective programs of…

Girard, Denis

481

Author Languages for Computer-Based Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Explains the role of authoring languages in the development of courseware material for use in computer-assisted instruction and describes examples available on small, medium, and large computers with emphasis on the language/author interface. Briefly considers authoring language evaluation, system integration, and distribution of courseware. 82…

Barker, P. G.; Singh, R.

1982-01-01

482

Context as Support for Learning Computer Organization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ubiquity of personal computational devices in the lives of today's students presents a meaningful context for courses in computer organization beyond the general-purpose or imaginary processors routinely used. This article presents results of a comparative study examining student performance in a conventional organization course and in one…

Tew, Allison Elliott; Dorn, Brian; Leahy, William D., Jr.; Guzdial, Mark

2008-01-01

483

Language Ideologies Mediating Literacy and Identity in Bilingual Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents a qualitative case study of a seven-year-old Mexican American student and his family. Using Critical Discourse Analysis, we examine both the child's emergent ideas about language, as expressed in bilingual literature discussions, and his parents' ideological discourses about the use of a minority language in public schools.…

Martinez-Roldan, Carmen M.; Malave, Guillermo

2004-01-01

484

Learning Styles of Chinese and Dutch Students Compared within the Context of Dutch Higher Education in Life Sciences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated the extent to which the learning styles of Chinese students differ from those of Dutch students. The study was conducted within the context of English language Bachelor of Science programmes that Wageningen University offers together with China Agricultural University to Dutch and Chinese students. Sixteen Dutch students…

Biemans, Harm; Van Mil, Marc

2008-01-01

485

Maintaining Indigenous Languages in North America: What Can We Learn from Studies of Pidgins and Creoles?  

Microsoft Academic Search

What do studies of pidgins and creoles have to do with indigenous language maintenance? The development of pidgin and creole languages always occurs in the context of language contact, often between a European colonial language and one or more indigenous languages. All Native languages in North America have been in contact with a European language (usually English) for at least

Anne Goodfellow; Pauline Alfred

486

Lifelong Learning in Nepal: Contexts and Prospects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Learning is a lifelong process. Many countries in the world, basically the European and Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries, have adopted it as an important vehicle for human development. They have also made it a policy agenda for meeting the human capital need for twenty first century for economic prosperity.…

Regmi, Kapil Dev

2011-01-01

487

Language Learning Strategy Use by Colombian Adult English Language Learners: A Phenomenological Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this phenomenological study was to describe how Colombian adult English language learners (ELL) select and use language learning strategies (LLS). This study used Oxford's (1990a) taxonomy for LLS as its theoretical framework. Semi-structured interviews and a focus group interview, were conducted, transcribed, and analyzed for 12…

Paredes, Elsie Elena

2010-01-01

488

Many Languages, Many Motivations: A Study of Hong Kong Students' Motivation to Learn Different Target Languages  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article reports the findings of a 2003 study involving 526 Hong Kong tertiary students, aiming to explore their motivation towards the learning of English, Putonghua and a chosen third language (French, German or Japanese). Based on Dornyei's and Csizer's (2002) work [Dornyei, Z., Csizer, K., 2002. "Some dynamics of language attitudes and…

Humphreys, Gillian; Spratt, Mary

2008-01-01

489

Language Moves: The Place of "Foreign" Languages in Classroom Teaching and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Language as subject matter is highly protean; it has been defined in various ways in schools, usually as a reflection of predominant images of teaching and learning. Language is also "in, of," and "for" the world. It exists and flourishes "in" the lives and circumstances of its users, created "of" their worlds; it is thus a way of both being in…

Larsen-Freeman, Diane; Freeman, Donald

2008-01-01

490

Language Educational Policy and Language Learning Quality Management: The "Common European Framework of Reference"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The major goal of the Council of Europe to promote and facilitate communication and interaction among Europeans of different mother tongues has led to the development of the "Common European Framework of Reference for Languages: Learning, Teaching, Assessment" (CEFR). Among other things, the CEFR is intended to help language professionals reflect…

Barenfanger, Olaf; Tschirner, Erwin

2008-01-01

491

Language Learning Strategy Use by Colombian Adult English Language Learners: A Phenomenological Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this phenomenological study was to describe how Colombian adult English language learners (ELL) select and use language learning strategies (LLS). This study used Oxford's (1990a) taxonomy for LLS as its theoretical framework. Semi-structured interviews and a focus group interview, were conducted, transcribed, and analyzed for 12…

Paredes, Elsie Elena

2010-01-01

492

Associations between Chinese Language classroom environments and students' motivation to learn the language  

Microsoft Academic Search

Associations between the nature of Chinese Language Classroom Environments and Singapore secondary school students' motivation to learn the Chinese Language were investigated. A sample of 1,460 secondary three (grade 9) students from 50 express stream (above average academic ability) classes in Singapore government secondary schools was involved in the study. The perceptual measure approach was used to investigate the nature

Siew Lian Chua

2009-01-01

493

Language Educational Policy and Language Learning Quality Management: The "Common European Framework of Reference"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The major goal of the Council of Europe to promote and facilitate communication and interaction among Europeans of different mother tongues has led to the development of the "Common European Framework of Reference for Languages: Learning, Teaching, Assessment" (CEFR). Among other things, the CEFR is intended to help language professionals reflect…

Barenfanger, Olaf; Tschirner, Erwin

2008-01-01

494

INFLUENCE OF THE GENDER FACTOR ON A STUDENT'S LEARNING STYLE AND ACHIEVEMENTS IN LANGUAGE LEARNING  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper includes the investigations of the different aspects of the theory of learning styles connected with the Gender factor. A number of definitions of learning styles, gender differences in patterns of knowledge in various aspects of language learning and its influence on students' learning styles and their achievements are analysed in this paper. The distinction between the words sex

Anna Tatarinceva; Riga LV

495

Language control in different contexts: the behavioral ecology of bilingual speakers.  

PubMed

This paper proposes that different experimental contexts (single or dual language contexts) permit different neural loci at which words in the target language can be selected. However, in order to develop a fuller understanding of the neural circuit mediating language control we need to consider the community context in which bilingual speakers typically use their two languages (the behavioral ecology of bilingual speakers). The contrast between speakers from code-switching and non-code-switching communities offers a way to increase our understanding of the cortical, subcortical and, in particular, cerebellar structures involved in language control. It will also help us identify the non-verbal behavioral correlates associated with these control processes. PMID:21779260

Green, David William

2011-05-19

496

Language Control in Different Contexts: The Behavioral Ecology of Bilingual Speakers  

PubMed Central

This paper proposes that different experimental contexts (single or dual language contexts) permit different neural loci at which words in the target language can be selected. However, in order to develop a fuller understanding of the neural circuit mediating language control we need to consider the community context in which bilingual speakers typically use their two languages (the behavioral ecology of bilingual speakers). The contrast between speakers from code-switching and non-code-switching communities offers a way to increase our understanding of the cortical, subcortical and, in particular, cerebellar structures involved in language control. It will also help us identify the non-verbal behavioral correlates associated with these control processes

Green, David William

2011-01-01

497

Errors and Intelligence in Computer-Assisted Language Learning: Parsers and Pedagogues. Routledge Studies in Computer Assisted Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book provides the first comprehensive overview of theoretical issues, historical developments and current trends in ICALL (Intelligent Computer-Assisted Language Learning). It assumes a basic familiarity with Second Language Acquisition (SLA) theory and teaching, CALL and linguistics. It is of interest to upper undergraduate and/or graduate…

Heift, Trude; Schulze, Mathias

2012-01-01

498

Foreign Language Learning of Students with Language Learning Disabilities: An Activity Theory Perspective of Three Middle School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to contribute to the existing literature on the foreign language learning of students with LLDs by conducting a comprehensive investigation of the performance of three students in middle school foreign language classes in a suburban school district in southwestern Pennsylvania. More specifically, this study documents…

Hendry, Heather Jean

2009-01-01

499

Pupils' perceptions of foreign language learning in the primary school – findings from the Key Stage 2 Language Learning Pathfinder evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents findings on pupil attitudes towards learning foreign languages in Key Stage 2 (ages 7–11) in primary schools in England. As a consequence of the National Languages Strategy, the University of Warwick was commissioned by the then Department for Education and Skills to undertake an evaluation between 2003 and 2005 of 19 Pathfinder local authorities which were piloting

Cynthia Martin

2012-01-01

500

‘Ideal learning’ of natural language: Positive results about learning from positive evidence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gold's [1967. Language identification in the limit. Information and Control, 16, 447–474] celebrated work on learning in the limit has been taken, by many cognitive scientists, to have powerful negative implications for the learnability of language from positive data (i.e., from mere exposure to linguistic input). This provides one, of several, lines of argument that language acquisition must draw on

Nick Chater; Paul Vitányi

2007-01-01