These are representative sample records from Science.gov related to your search topic.
For comprehensive and current results, perform a real-time search at Science.gov.
1

Developmental Context(s): Mediating Learning through Language Ideologies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper argues for an expanded notion of context and the mediational tools that frame language learning. More specifically, we argue for a more explicit understanding of language ideologies as a key mediating tool and object in learning and development. Language ideologies bring coherence to the interaction of macro-historical processes,…

Razfar, Aria; Rumenapp, Joseph C.

2011-01-01

2

Second Language Learning; Investigating the Classroom Context.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews a number of second-language (L2) classroom-based research projects undertaken at the University of Stirling in Scotland. It is argued that a full understanding of classroom-based L2 learning requires the integration of sociolinguistic studies of the classroom context with psycholinguistic studies of second language acquisition. (Author/VWL)

Mitchell, Rosamond

1989-01-01

3

Context or Key? Language in Four Adult Learning Programmes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context is a key factor in designing and delivering adult learning programmes, and in multilingual environments the choice of language plays a decisive role. Four programmes, two in Asia (Bhutan Myanmar) and two in Africa (Ghana and Uganda), which focus on learning for development, integrate language considerations in different ways, related both…

Robinson, Clinton

2007-01-01

4

At the Interface between Language Testing and Second Language Acquisition: Language Ability and Context of Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the relationship between latent components of academic English language ability and test takers' study-abroad and classroom learning experiences through a structural equation modeling approach in the context of TOEFL iBT® testing. Data from the TOEFL iBT public dataset were used. The results showed that test…

Gu, Lin

2014-01-01

5

Adult Language Learning: A Survey of Welsh for Adults in the Context of Language Planning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the importance of adult language learning when a minority language is threatened. Language acquisition planning attempts to reproduce the language across generations. The research context is Wales with its strong history of adults learning Welsh. The history of the Welsh language shows a decline in the last century, but…

Baker, Colin; Andrews, Hunydd; Gruffydd, Ifor; Lewis, Gwyn

2011-01-01

6

Context and Culture in Language Teaching and Learning. Languages for Intercultural Communication and Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers examines how the contexts in which language teaching occurs impact the aims and methods of language teaching. Ten papers focus on the following: "Introduction: Context and Culture in Language Teaching and Learning" (Mike Byram and Peter Grundy); "From Practice to Theory and Back Again" (Claire Kramsch); "Carrying a Baby…

Byram, Michael, Ed.; Grundy, Peter, Ed.

7

The Relationship Between Language Learning Autonomy Extent and Learning Styles in Malaysian Context  

E-print Network

has been done to investigate the relationship between autonomy and learning styles. This paper presents research findings that address the relationship of language learning autonomy with learning styles in eastern context. Data from 360 Form 6 students at Selangor, Malaysia were analyzed by descriptive statistics and Pearson Product-Moment. In addition, stepwise regression procedures were applied to explore the highest to the least contribution of different learning styles to language learning autonomy. The obtained quantitative results indicated that most Malaysian students are auditory learners. Besides, correlational analyses determined that students ’ language learning autonomy was significantly and positively related to each learning styles, except individual and group learning styles. Surprisingly, the highest contribution of learning styles to autonomy belonged to auditory and visual learning styles, suggesting that having auditory or visual learning styles do not necessarily limit students ’ autonomy extent.

M. Foroutan; N. Nooreen; S. H. Gani; R. Baki; Collectivist Culture

8

Motivation and Foreign Language Learning in Korean EFL Context.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper argues that understanding the source and development of student motivation for learning English as a Foreign Language (EFL) is very important for educational purposes. The purpose of this study of 234 Korean 9th graders was to identify the following: (1) Korean students' orientations and motivations for learning English; (2) what kinds…

Kang, Dong-Ho

9

Distance Learning Class Model for Teaching a Foreign Language in University-Level Education Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to introduce the distance learning class model for a foreign language in university-level education context, and to prove that this class model is effective in cultivating the motivation and interest of university students for learning a foreign language. This distance learning lesson consists of two parts: Online chatting session,…

Lee, Sun-Min

2012-01-01

10

Beliefs about Second Language Learning: The Influence of Learning Context and Learning Purpose  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Much second language acquisition research in recent decades has assumed that a learner's main purpose for learning a second language (L2) is to develop communicative competence. Consequently, many studies have focused on investigating ways in which teachers and/or the learning environment may support the development of such competence. In…

Al-Osaimi, Saleh; Wedell, Martin

2014-01-01

11

Business Students' Beliefs about Language Learning in a University Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the influence of learner beliefs on performance and satisfaction in particular instructional contexts is uncontested, empirical studies have so far concentrated on students in various geographical rather than discipline-specific settings. Starting from the premise that tertiary sector ESP students may have more in common than their choice…

Trinder, Ruth

2013-01-01

12

Defining Opportunity to Learn for English Language Learners: Linguistic and Cultural Dimensions of ELLs' Instructional Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Past research demonstrates the critical role of the context of learning in the achievement of students. This body of work justifies research and development of more contextualized opportunity to learn (OTL) models. We expound on an OTL framework that represents contextual features that can enrich or constrain opportunities for English language

Aguirre-Munoz, Zenaida; Amabisca, Anastasia A.

2010-01-01

13

Phonological acquisition in Malta: A bilingual language learning context  

Microsoft Academic Search

A total of 241 Maltese children aged 2;0—6;0 years, drawn randomly from the public registry of births, were assessed on a picture naming task to evaluate phone articulation, phonology and consistency of word production. Children were allowed to use the language they chose (either Maltese or English). Ninety-three children (38.6%) were reported by parents to speak both Maltese and English

Helen Grech; Barbara Dodd

2008-01-01

14

Teachers Professional Learning--In the Context of Intercultural Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intercultural language learning is developing as a key direction in languages education both in Australia and elsewhere. The teaching of culture in language classes is, however, not new to language teaching, and rationales for language teaching have regularly included issues related to cultural understanding (Liddicoat, 2004). However, culture has…

McLaughlin, Megan; Liddicoat, Anthony J.

2005-01-01

15

When Technology Speaks Language: An Evaluation of Course Management Systems Used in a Language Learning Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In light of the growing popularity of the use of computer management systems (CMSs) in higher education today, this study critically evaluates CMS adoption through a content-specific lens. By employing a mixed-method approach, the study examines college teachers' and students' experiences and perceptions of CMS adoption for language learning and…

Yu, Wen-Kai; Sun, Yu-Chih; Chang, Yu-Jung

2010-01-01

16

Language Learning Experience in School Context and Metacognitive Awareness of Multilingual Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What is the influence of a language learning experience (LLE) in a school context on the metacognitive development of children? To answer that question, we presented 54 multilingual preschoolers with two movie clips and examined their reactions to an exolingual situation of communication. These preschoolers were aged four and a half to six and a…

Le Pichon Vorstman, Emmanuelle; De Swart, Henriette; Ceginskas, Viktorija; Van Den Bergh, Huub

2009-01-01

17

Factors Influencing Language-Learning Strategy Use of English Learners in an ESL Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study employed the Strategy Inventory for Language Learning (SILL), version 7.0 (ESL/EFL) developed by Oxford (1990) to examine differences in language-learning strategy use. It focused on how learner factors such as gender, age, nationality, and proficiency level influence the choice of language-learning strategies. The participants were 75…

Nguyen, Ngan; Godwyll, Francis

2010-01-01

18

The Impact of Cultural Background on the Choice of Language Learning Strategies in the JFL Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Language learning strategies have been researched for more than 30 years yet there remain many unanswered questions. Some of these questions relate to the target language being studied, specifically Japanese, and the influence of learner variables on the choice of language learning strategies, specifically cultural background. This study seeks to…

Grainger, Peter

2012-01-01

19

Pedagogy, Process, and Classroom Context: Integrating Teacher Voice and Experience into Research on Technology-Enhanced Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Computer-assisted language learning (CALL) literature notes concerns with research in the field, and many of these concerns are similar to those noted for second language acquisition research in general. One fundamental problem is the general failure to address Garrett's (1991) assertion that research must consider classroom context. We believe…

Egbert, Joy; Huff, Leslie; McNeil, Levi; Preuss, Cara; Sellen, Joanne

2009-01-01

20

"I Live in Tuuk-SON": Rethinking the Contexts of Language Learning along the Mexico-U.S. Border  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In language teaching, context is everything. English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) teachers must learn about the worlds in which the students they teach use English. The teachers often inhabit worlds that are very different from the ones students know, because of the ways in which class, race, gender, ethnicity, education, and legal…

Ullman, Char

2010-01-01

21

Challenges and Opportunities for Language Learning in the Context of the CCSS and the NGSS  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this column, Kenji Hakuta and Mario Santos described the challenges and opportunities the Common Core State Standards and the Next Generation Science Standards present for language development in the context of English language arts/literacy, mathematics, and science. They heightened educators' awareness of the critical role language plays…

Hakuta, Kenji; Santos, Maria

2013-01-01

22

Modern Foreign Language Learning and European Citizenship in the Irish Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents some of the findings of a study investigating young people's attitudes towards Europe and the European Union and their self-reported learning about European citizenship in Ireland. The paper considers adolescents' attitudes and motivations for language learning in light of recent literature arguing for the role of modern…

Hennebry, Mairin

2011-01-01

23

Language Learning in Context: Teacher and Toddler Speech in Three Classroom Play Areas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Patterns of teacher language used with at-risk toddlers in three different play contexts (doll/house, block/truck, and large motor) were studied within a naturally occurring classroom setting. Significantly different language-use patterns by teachers were found in each area, and these were associated with differences in the rate and nature of…

O'Brien, Marion; Bi, Xiufen

1995-01-01

24

Essay: Learning a Second Language  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What challenges face students who are learning a second language at the same time as they are learning science? This essay considers some of the difficulties associated with learning to speak, read, and write in a second language. Although the principles of language learning discussed here can be generalized across languages and contexts, this essay considers situations in which English is both the language of instruction and the language being learned.

Ellen Bialystok, York U.

2008-01-01

25

Learning Languages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Foreign language study is finding a niche in the elementary school curriculum. Schools now offer Chinese, Russian, Arabic, Swedish, and Japanese, instead of teaching mostly German and the Romance languages. Studies agree that children pursuing foreign languages show more creativity, divergent thinking, and higher-order thinking skills and score…

Black, Susan

1993-01-01

26

Globalization, Children's Study Abroad, and Transnationalism as an Emerging Context for Language Learning: A New Task for Language Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Amidst emerging trends in transnational migration via globalization, an increasing number of families have gone abroad to help their school-aged children and youth gain international education credentials and provide them an opportunity to acquire English as a global language as early as possible. This early study abroad before college (ESA) has…

Song, Juyoung

2011-01-01

27

Frequency Effects or Context Effects in Second Language Word Learning: What Predicts Early Lexical Production?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines frequency, contextual diversity, and contextual distinctiveness effects in predicting produced versus not-produced frequent nouns and verbs by early second language (L2) learners of English. The study analyzes whether word frequency is the strongest predictor of early L2 word production independent of contextual diversity and…

Crossley, Scott A.; Subtirelu, Nicholas; Salsbury, Tom

2013-01-01

28

Website Analysis as a Tool for Task-Based Language Learning and Higher Order Thinking in an EFL Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Besides focusing on grammar, writing skills, and web-based language learning, researchers in "CALL" and second language acquisition have also argued for the importance of promoting higher-order thinking skills in ESL (English as Second Language) and EFL (English as Foreign Language) classrooms. There is solid evidence supporting the…

Roy, Debopriyo

2014-01-01

29

Language Learners in Study Abroad Contexts. Second Language Acquisition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examining the overseas experience of language learners in diverse contexts through a variety of theoretical and methodological approaches, studies in this volume look at the acquisition of language use, socialization processes, learner motivation, identity and learning strategies. In this way, the volume offers a privileged window into learner…

DuFon, Margaret A., Ed.; Churchill, Eton, Ed.

2006-01-01

30

Practice Theory in Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ortega (2011) has argued that second language acquisition is stronger and better after the social turn. Of the post-cognitive approaches she reviews, several focus on the social context of language learning rather than on language as the central phenomenon. In this article, we present Practice Theory not as yet another approach to language

Young, Richard F.; Astarita, Alice C.

2013-01-01

31

Context, Learning, and Extinction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A. Redish et al. (2007) proposed a reinforcement learning model of context-dependent learning and extinction in conditioning experiments, using the idea of "state classification" to categorize new observations into states. In the current article, the authors propose an interpretation of this idea in terms of normative statistical inference. They…

Gershman, Samuel J.; Blei, David M.; Niv, Yael

2010-01-01

32

The Effect of the Context of Learning on the Use of Communication Strategies by Learners of Spanish as a Second Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the effect of the context of learning--"at home" (AH) classroom versus study abroad (SA)--on the number and types of communication strategies (CSs) used by learners of Spanish as a second language. Oral data from 46 learners--20 AH and 26 SA--were analyzed before and after the treatment period, to discern the effect of…

Lafford, Barbara A.

2004-01-01

33

Computational Learning Theory Learning Regular Languages  

E-print Network

Computational Learning Theory Learning Regular Languages Applications to Verification Learning A Tutorial P. Madhusudan Learning Algorithms and Formal Verification #12;Computational Learning Theory Learning Regular Languages Applications to Verification Outline 1 Computational Learning Theory 2 Learning

Parthasarathy, Madhusudan

34

Will Mobile Learning Change Language Learning?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of mobile phones and other portable devices is beginning to have an impact on how learning takes place in many disciplines and contexts, including language learning. Learners who are not dependent on access to fixed computers can engage in activities that relate more closely to their current surroundings, sometimes crossing the border…

Kukulska-Hulme, Agnes

2009-01-01

35

Genre Learning: Resources, Strategies, and Contexts 97 Reflections on English Language Teaching, Vol. 10, No. 1, pp. 97102  

E-print Network

international graduate students studying in an American university through their participation in an ESL writing is it or is it not effective in developing English as a Second Language (ESL) learners' knowledge of disciplinary genres? What pertinent questions by exploring the challenges ESL learners face in learning disciplinary genre knowledge

Chaudhuri, Sanjay

36

Teaching and Learning in Multicultural Contexts: A Comparative Analysis of Language Teaching and Learning in a Norwegian and Dutch Primary School Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, multicultural primary school classes in Norway and the Netherlands are compared in terms of language teaching and learning. Drawing on observations, interviews, and school and policy documents, four dimensions of comparison are discussed. First, we deal with the different ways in which separate language classes for language minority…

Bezemer, Jeff; Wold, Astri Heen; de Wal Pastoor, Lutine; Kroon, Sjaak; Ryen, Else

2005-01-01

37

Language and Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers from a 1993 International Conference on Language in Education include: "A Language Development Approach to Education" (M. A. K. Halliday); Text, Talk, and Inquiry: Schooling as a Semiotic Apprenticeship" (G. Wells); "Chinese Orthography and Reading" (O. J. L. Tzeng); "Task-Centred Assessment in Language Learning" (G. Brindley); "Task as a…

Bird, Norman, Ed.; And Others

38

Context-based Adult Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains the importance of understanding the centrality of social context to learning. Describes forms of situated learning in practice: cognitive apprenticeships and communities of practice. (Contains 28 references.) (SK)

Hansman, Catherine A.

2001-01-01

39

Towards an intelligent integrated language learning environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Computer-assisted language learning (CALL) comes in many different flavors. The purpose of this paper is to focus on developing an integrated e-learning environment that allows improving language skills in specific contexts. Integrated e-learning environment means that it is a web-based solution that performs language learning tasks using common working environments such as, for instance, web browsers or e-mail

Harald Wahl; Werner Winiwarter; Gerald Quirchmayr

2011-01-01

40

Hypnosis and Language Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A thorough investiqation is attempted of efforts to apply hypnosis and suggestive learning techniques to education in general and specifically to second language learning. Hypnosis is discussed in terms of its dangers, its definition, and its application. Included in this discussion is a comparison of auto- and hetero-hypnosis, an overview of the…

Hammerman, Myrna Lynn

41

Context-Free Languages of Countable Words  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We define context-free grammars with Büchi acceptance condition generating languages of countable words. We establish several closure properties and decidability results for the class of Büchi context-free languages generated by these grammars. We also define context-free grammars with Müller acceptance condition and show that there is a language generated by a grammar with Müller acceptance condition which is not a Büchi context-free language.

Ésik, Zoltán; Iván, Szabolcs

42

Fast Mapping and Word Learning by Preschoolers with Specific Language Impairment in a Supported Learning Context: Effect of Encoding Cues, Phonotactic Probability, and Object Familiarity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To investigate whether phonological or semantic encoding cues improved the fast mapping or word learning performance of preschoolers with specific language impairment (SLI) or typical development (TD) and whether performance varied for words containing high- or low-frequency sublexical sequences that named familiar or unfamiliar objects.…

Gray, Shelley; Brinkley, Shara

2011-01-01

43

Oracy: Social Facets of Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers and educators have developed an interest in language development. Their studies focused on the cultural context in which language is learned and developed and its relationship to cognitive development. This article reviews the researchers' definitions on oracy and its social facets of language learning. Specifically, it reviews studies…

Saracho, Olivia N.; Spodek, Bernard

2007-01-01

44

International ESL Graduate Student Perceptions of Online Learning in the Context of Second Language Acquisition and Culturally Responsive Facilitation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development of technology has made adult and higher education learning opportunities increasingly more accessible to a growing number of people. With the number of courses steadily increasing to meet students' needs and demands, and because programs are likewise changing to incorporate more online learning opportunities, international, English…

Tan, Fujuan; Nabb, Lee; Aagard, Steven; Kim, Kioh

2010-01-01

45

Context, Judgment, and Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the assessment of work-based learning, noting distinctions between "pure" and "professional" knowledge by offering a genealogy of learning; asserting that the distinction between academic and non-academic learning has become what Dewey termed a false dualism; examining relationships between judgment, activity, practice, and tradition;…

Halliday, John; Hager, Paul

2002-01-01

46

The Role of Students' Attitudes and Motivation in Second Language Learning in Online Language Courses  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the role of students' motivation and attitudes in second language (L2) study within an online language course context (LOL). Students' attitudes and motivation were examined within a socioeducational framework (Gardner & MacIntyre, 1993) while learning contexts were examined based on Dörneyi's (1994) components of foreign language learning motivation. Students' learning behaviors and learning outcomes were used as

EIKO USHIDA

47

Mediating Academic Language Learning Through Classroom Discourse  

Microsoft Academic Search

For school-aged students who are learning ESL, the discourse of the classroom must simultaneously construct curriculum knowledge\\u000a and be a site for second language development. This chapter focuses on academic language learning in the ESL school context,\\u000a in particular on how language learning is mediated through classroom discourse. While linguistic, social, and sociocognitive\\u000a traditions have interpreted the nature of interaction

Pauline Gibbons

48

Contextual Dynamics in Foreign Language Learning Motivation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning context has increasingly been postulated to exert an influence on the dynamics of individual differences in language learning. In a longitudinal design that tested the proficiency gains of 1,682 learners over a 2-year foreign language program, a multilevel modeling approach was deployed in this study to account for variation in second…

Kozaki, Yoko; Ross, Steven J.

2011-01-01

49

Context and Culture in Language Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Second language teaching is viewed from the perspective that its core objective is to teach the cultural context of discourse in the target language, rather than to teach the traditional four language skills and culture as a fifth component. The discussion begins with an examination of the context of communication within the classroom, suggesting…

Kramsch, Claire

50

Learning Language on Disc.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a comparison of two types of compact disc (CD-ROM) foreign language tutorials: (1) those made by publishers who favor an immersion approach; and (2) those made by publishers who use grammar-based approaches. Both types of CD-ROMs address various age groups, skill levels, and learning styles. (JMV)

Desmarais, Norman

1995-01-01

51

Second Language Teaching & Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this volume is to provide a contemporary portrait of second language learning and teaching, to identify major trends and issues, to show where these trends and issues have come from, and to illustrate ways teachers can incorporate these ideas in their own teaching practice. The book is a personal account, tracing the author's…

Nunan, David

52

Electronic Tandem Language Learning (eTandem): A Third Approach to Second Language Learning for the 21st Century  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tandem language learning occurs when two learners of different native languages work together to help each other learn the other language. First used in face-to-face contexts, Tandem is now increasingly being used by language-learning partners located in different countries who are linked via various forms of electronic communication, a context

Cziko, Gary A.

2004-01-01

53

Contexts of Possibility in Simultaneous Language Learning: Using the L2 Motivational Self System to Assess the Impact of Global English  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Motivation in simultaneous L2 learning situations is an area of research largely overlooked and studies from contexts where people are engaged in learning more than one L2 are rare. In their large-scale Hungarian research, Dornyei, Csizer and Nemeth found that pupils' positive attitudes to one L2 could cause interferences with attitudes to others,…

Henry, Alastair

2010-01-01

54

CHILDHOOD AND SECOND LANGUAGE LEARNING.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE REPORT OF A MODERN LANGUAGE ASSOCIATION-SPONSORED CONFERENCE ON CHILDHOOD AND SECOND LANGUAGE LEARNING (MAY 5-6, 1956) SUMMARIZES THE DISCUSSIONS. THE TOPICS INCLUDE (1) HOW CHILDREN NORMALLY LEARN THEIR MOTHER TONGUE, (2) IMITATION AND ANALYSIS IN THE LANGUAGE LEARNING PROCESS, (3) RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN THE LEARNING OF A FIRST AND A SECOND…

Modern Language Association of America, New York, NY. Foreign Language Program Research Center.

55

Pragmatics and Language Learning, Volume 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The selection of papers from the 6th Annual International Conference on Pragmatics and Language Learning (Urbana, Illinois, April 1992) include: "Discourse Markers Across Language" (Bruce Fraser); "Conjunction and Causality: Pragmatics and the Lexicon" (Yael Ziv); "Situated Discourse: The Sociocultural Context of Conversation in a Second Language"…

Bouton, Lawrence F., Ed.; Kachru, Yamuna, Ed.

56

Authoring of Learning Objects in Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning objects and content interchange standards provide new possibilities for e-learning. Nevertheless the content often lacks context data to find appropriate use for adaptive learning on demand and personalized learning experiences. In the Remotely Accessible Field Trips (RAFT) project mobile authoring of learning content in context has shown…

Specht, Marcus; Kravcik, Milos

2006-01-01

57

The Complexity of Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper takes a complexity theory approach to looking at language learning, an approach that investigates how language learners adapt to and interact with people and their environment. Based on interviews with four graduate students, it shows how complexity theory can help us understand both the situatedness of language learning and also…

Nelson, Charles

2011-01-01

58

Autonomy in Language Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are a number of terms related to autonomy that can be distinguished from it in various ways. Most people now agree that autonomy and autonomous learning are not synonyms of 'self-instruction', 'self-access', 'self-study', 'self-education', 'out-of-class learning' or 'distance learning'. These terms basically describe various ways and degrees of learning by yourself, whereas autonomy refers to abilities and attitudes (or

P. Benson

59

Word Learning in Context: Metaphors and Neologisms  

E-print Network

aspects to many studies of learning words from context. First, past studies have often explicitlyWord Learning in Context: Metaphors and Neologisms Raluca Budiu John R. Anderson August 2001 CMU describe two experiments related to learning new words in context. We study two types of new words

60

The Use of Technology for Second Language Distance Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes distance learning (DL) for languages within the context of recent advances and research findings in computer-assisted language learning (CALL). In addition to reviewing the different DL modalities, theoretical underpinnings, and the most appropriate technological applications to second language learning, the issues of…

Blake, Robert J.

2009-01-01

61

Multimedia for language learning  

E-print Network

Students studying foreign languages often wish to enjoy authentic foreign-language content - for example, foreign-language videos and comics. Existing means of presenting this content, however, are suboptimal from the ...

Kovács, Géza, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2013-01-01

62

Identity, Cognition, and Language in Intergroup Context  

Microsoft Academic Search

Seven social psychological themes or foci are identified in this special issue on intergroup communication: social identity, social beliefs, attitudes, face-to-face interaction in groups, intergroup contact, naturally occurring intergroup contexts, and hidden prejudice. Each article is examined in turn, and then the themes are discussed generally in relation to the field of language and social psychology. The conclusion to be

Michael A. Hogg

1996-01-01

63

Polynomial Pregroup Grammars parse Context Sensitive Languages  

E-print Network

Polynomial Pregroup Grammars parse Context Sensitive Languages Anne Preller Lirmm, 161, rue Ada Georgian. A polynomial recognition and parsing algo- rithm handles the various grammars uniformly. It also Georgian noun phrase, in- cremental dependency parsing algorithm. 1 Introduction The Pregroup Calculus

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

64

Polynomial Pregroup Grammars parse Context Sensitive Languages  

E-print Network

Polynomial Pregroup Grammars parse Context Sensitive Languages ANNE PRELLER LIRMM/CNRS, Montpellier recognition and parsing algorithm han- dles the various grammars uniformly. It also computes a planar graph, incremental dependency parsing algorithm. 1. Introduction The Pregroup Calculus was introduced by Lambek (1999

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

65

Language-Based Learning Disabilities  

MedlinePLUS

... are available for people with a language-based learning disability? The goals of speech and language treatment for the child with a reading problem target the specific aspects of reading and writing that the student is ...

66

Understanding Second Language Learning Difficulties.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The book discusses in detail a variety of practical and theoretical issues in identifying and addressing second language learning problems. Intended primarily for classroom teachers working with late teenagers or adults, it focuses on learning styles, affective factors, and learning strategies. Real and composite case studies are presented…

Ehrman, Madeline E.

67

Learning Languages, 2000-2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This journal serves the profession by providing a medium for the sharing of information, ideas, and concerns among teachers, administrators, researchers, and others interested in the early learning of languages. Articles in this volume include the following: "Foreign Language Teaching: What We Can Learn from Other Countries" (Ingrid U. Pufahl,…

Rosenbusch, Marcia H., Ed.

2001-01-01

68

Second Language Reading and Vocabulary Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains 14 essays on reading and vocabulary learning in second language acquisition. Chapters include: "Research on ESL/EFL Vocabulary Acquisition: Putting It in Context" (James Coady); "Implications for L2 Vocabulary Acquisition and Instruction From L1 Vocabulary Research" (Fredricka Stoller and William Grabe); "Patterns and Perils of…

Huckin, Thomas, Ed.; And Others

69

Chinese Language Learning Motivation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of 77 Asian and Asian-American university students enrolled in first- and second-year Chinese language courses investigated the students' motivations for studying the language and their expectations of what they will gain from studying it. Results indicate two factors accounting for beginning Chinese language study: interest in cultural…

Wen, Xiaohong

70

Redefining Language Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While verbal language has traditionally determined our view of intelligence, this limited view ignores other systems for expressing intelligent thought. An expanded concept of language considers verbal language as one part of a mental modeling system, or internal representation, for any kind of sensory information available to us, visual or…

Thompson, Nancy S.

71

Bodies and Language: Process Drama and Intercultural Language Learning in a Beginner Language Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article the author draws on classroom video recordings and student commentary to explore ways in which the kinaesthetic elements of a process drama provided the context and the space for beginner additional language learners to engage with intercultural language learning. In the light of student comments in interviews and questionnaires,…

Rothwell, Julia

2011-01-01

72

Language Learning and Deafness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of original papers draws upon work in linguistics, psychology, and education to highlight the relationship between language acquisition in deaf and hearing populations. The book's 11 chapters are divided into 2 sections, Theoretical Issues and Research Reports. Titles and authors are as follows: "Language Varieties in the Deaf…

Strong, Michael, Ed.

73

Reflections on Language Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The collection of papers, dedicated to Maria Antonieta Alba Celani, a celebrated English professor in Brazil, consists of writings by colleagues on four themes: developments stemming from Dr. Celani's Brazilian national project for the teaching of English for special purposes; language teacher training; language processing; and analysis of…

Barbara, Leila, Ed.; Scott, Mike, Ed.

74

Drama Techniques in Language Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The drama activities in this teaching guide are designed to develop second language learning skills by constructing situations that require the student to concentrate on the meaning and emotional content of language rather than on its structure. In an attempt to involve the whole personality of the learner in the acquisition of language, the…

Maley, Alan; Duff, Alan

75

Skype Me! Socially Contingent Interactions Help Toddlers Learn Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Language learning takes place in the context of social interactions, yet the mechanisms that render social interactions useful for learning language remain unclear. This study focuses on whether social contingency might support word learning. Toddlers aged 24-30 months (N = 36) were exposed to novel verbs in one of three conditions: live…

Roseberry, Sarah; Hirsh-Pasek, Kathy; Golinkoff, Roberta M.

2014-01-01

76

Roth-Erev learning in Signaling and Language games  

E-print Network

Roth-Erev learning in Signaling and Language games David Catteeuw a Joachim De Beule b Bernard, and it is discussed why Roth Erev learning with forgetting should be a good learning rule in this context of this paper, this can be accomplished for instance with Roth-Erev learning with forgetting. 1The main body

Steels, Luc

77

The Role of Language Learning Progressions in Improved Instruction and Assessment of English Language Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses theoretical and empirical issues relevant for the development and evaluation of language learning progressions. The authors explore how learning progressions aligned with new content standards can form a central basis of efforts to describe the English language needed in school contexts for learning, instruction, and…

Bailey, Alison L.; Heritage, Margaret

2014-01-01

78

Speech Technologies for Language Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides a description of the following speech technologies for language learning: recorded speech (from analog to digital); speech recognition; speech synthesis; multilingual speech to speech; speech on the Web. A resource list is also provided. (Author/VWL)

Goodwin-Jones, Bob

2000-01-01

79

Language Experience Changes Subsequent Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What are the effects of experience on subsequent learning? We explored the effects of language-specific word order knowledge on the acquisition of sequential conditional information. Korean and English adults were engaged in a sequence learning task involving three different sets of stimuli: auditory linguistic (nonsense syllables), visual…

Onnis, Luca; Thiessen, Erik

2013-01-01

80

Language experience changes subsequent learning  

PubMed Central

What are the effects of experience on subsequent learning? We explored the effects of language-specific word order knowledge on the acquisition of sequential conditional information. Korean and English adults were engaged in a sequence learning task involving three different sets of stimuli: auditory linguistic (nonsense syllables), visual non-linguistic (nonsense shapes), and auditory non-linguistic (pure tones). The forward and backward probabilities between adjacent elements generated two equally probable and orthogonal perceptual parses of the elements, such that any significant preference at test must be due to either general cognitive biases, or prior language-induced biases. We found that language modulated parsing preferences with the linguistic stimuli only. Intriguingly, these preferences are congruent with the dominant word order patterns of each language, as corroborated by corpus analyses, and are driven by probabilistic preferences. Furthermore, although the Korean individuals had received extensive formal explicit training in English and lived in an English-speaking environment, they exhibited statistical learning biases congruent with their native language. Our findings suggest that mechanisms of statistical sequential learning are implicated in language across the lifespan, and experience with language may affect cognitive processes and later learning. PMID:23200510

Onnis, Luca; Thiessen, Erik

2013-01-01

81

Investigating Team Learning in a Military Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As teams have become fundamental parts of today's organisations, the need for these teams to function and learn efficiently and effectively is widely emphasised. Also in military contexts team learning is vital. The current article examines team learning behaviour in military teams as it aims to cross-validate a team learning model that was…

Veestraeten, Marlies; Kyndt, Eva; Dochy, Filip

2014-01-01

82

Social dimensions of telecollaborative foreign language study. Language Learning  

E-print Network

Previous research on network-based foreign language study has primarily focused on: a) the pedagogy of technology in the language curriculum, or b) the linguistic characterization of networked discourse. In this paper, I explore socio-institutional dimensions of German-American telecollaboration and the ways in which they may shape foreign language learning and use. Telecollaborative partnerships represent particularly productive sites for the examination of social aspects of foreign language study since, by definition, they entail tight sociocultural and institutional interface. Within the theoretical framework of social realism (e.g., Carter & Sealey, 2000; Layder, 1993), any human activity is thought to be shaped by both macro- and micro-level sociological features. These include social context and institutional setting, situated activity and individual agency, respectively. In this analysis, I intertwine the socially and institutionally contingent features of language valuation, computer know-how, Internet access, and learning accreditation and the micro features of situated classroom interaction and individual psycho-biography in order to provide a rich and multi-faceted characterization of foreign language learning and use on both ends of a German-American telecollaborative partnership.

Julie A. Belz

2002-01-01

83

Social Learning, Language and Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article supports the claim that there are strong interactive links between children's language development, cognitive reasoning and their success in school achievement. These links are best facilitated within a social learning framework where children's language and talk is encouraged, accepted and respected. This talk is the most authentic…

Hay, Ian; Fielding-Barnsley, Ruth

2012-01-01

84

Engaging Students in an Online Situated Language Learning Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous studies have emphasized the relationship between students' engagement and learning performance, and yet the context in which students and the teacher interact to engage each other has been ignored. In order to engage college students who are learning English as a foreign language (EFL) in the context of a big class, this study developed a…

Yang, Yu-Fen

2011-01-01

85

Learning Parse and Translation Decisions from Examples with Rich Context  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a knowledge and context-based system for parsing and translating natural language and evaluate it on sentences from the Wall Street Journal. Applying machine learning techniques, the system uses parse action examples acquired under supervision to generate a deterministic shift-reduce parser in the form of a decision structure. It relies heavily on context, as encoded in features which describe

Ulf Hermjakob; Raymond J. Mooney

1997-01-01

86

An Experiment on Supporting Children's English Vocabulary Learning in Multimedia Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning in context is an important component of second language (L2) vocabulary teaching and learning. However, young children may encounter some difficulties in dealing with the context. Hence learning support should be included to facilitate learning. The present study examined the effects of two types of learning support on Chinese children's…

Sun, Yanqing; Dong, Qi

2004-01-01

87

Language Revitalization and Language Pedagogy: New Teaching and Learning Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Language learning and teaching of endangered languages have many features and needs that are quite different from the teaching of world languages. Groups whose languages are endangered try to turn language loss around; many new language teaching and learning strategies are emerging, to suit the special needs and goals of language revitalization.…

Hinton, Leanne

2011-01-01

88

Early Word Learning in Context by Brandon C. Roy  

E-print Network

Early Word Learning in Context by Brandon C. Roy Ph.D. Thesis Proposal, Media Arts and Sciences Massachusetts Institute of Technology October 20, 2011 Date: Deb Roy Associate Professor of Media Arts Introduction Children are robust language learners, successfully learning across a wide variety of cultural

89

Tracking Context Changes through Meta-Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article deals with the problem of learning incrementally (‘on-line’) in domains where the target concepts are context-dependent, so that changes in context can produce more or less radical changes in the associated concepts. In particular, we concentrate on a class of learning tasks where the domain provides explicit clues as to the current context (e.g., attributes with characteristic values).

Gerhard Widmer; Ryszard S. Michalski; Janusz Wnek

1997-01-01

90

Exploring English Language Learners (ELL) experiences with scientific language and inquiry within a real life context  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

English Language Learners (ELL) are often at a distinct disadvantage from receiving authentic science learning opportunites. This study explored English Language Learners (ELL) learning experiences with scientific language and inquiry within a real life context. This research was theoretically informed by sociocultural theory and literature on student learning and science teaching for ELL. A qualitative, case study was used to explore students' learning experiences. Data from multiple sources was collected: student interviews, science letters, an assessment in another context, field-notes, student presentations, inquiry assessment, instructional group conversations, parent interviews, parent letters, parent homework, teacher-researcher evaluation, teacher-researcher reflective journal, and student ratings of learning activities. These data sources informed the following research questions: (1) Does participation in an out-of-school contextualized inquiry science project increase ELL use of scientific language? (2) Does participation in an out-of-school contextualized inquiry science project increase ELL understanding of scientific inquiry and their motivation to learn? (3) What are parents' funds of knowledge about the local ecology and does this inform students' experiences in the science project? All data sources concerning students were analyzed for similar patterns and trends and triangulation was sought through the use of these data sources. The remaining data sources concerning the teacher-researcher were used to inform and assess whether the pedagogical and research practices were in alignment with the proposed theoretical framework. Data sources concerning parental participation accessed funds of knowledge, which informed the curriculum in order to create continuity and connections between home and school. To ensure accuracy in the researchers' interpretations of student and parent responses during interviews, member checking was employed. The findings suggest that participation in an out-of-school contextualized inquiry science project increased ELL use of scientific language and understanding of scientific inquiry and motivation to learn. In addition, parent' funds of knowledge informed students' experiences in the science project. These findings suggest that the learning and teaching practices and the real life experiential learning contexts served as an effective means for increasing students' understandings and motivation to learn.

Algee, Lisa M.

91

(Re)Conceptualizing Design Approaches for Mobile Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An exploratory study conducted at George Brown College in Toronto, Canada between 2007 and 2009 investigated language learning with mobile devices as an approach to augmenting ESP learning by taking learning outside the classroom into the real-world context. In common with findings at other community colleges, this study identified inadequate…

Hoven, Debra; Palalas, Agnieszka

2011-01-01

92

Implicit Learning of Recursive Context-Free Grammars  

PubMed Central

Context-free grammars are fundamental for the description of linguistic syntax. However, most artificial grammar learning experiments have explored learning of simpler finite-state grammars, while studies exploring context-free grammars have not assessed awareness and implicitness. This paper explores the implicit learning of context-free grammars employing features of hierarchical organization, recursive embedding and long-distance dependencies. The grammars also featured the distinction between left- and right-branching structures, as well as between centre- and tail-embedding, both distinctions found in natural languages. People acquired unconscious knowledge of relations between grammatical classes even for dependencies over long distances, in ways that went beyond learning simpler relations (e.g. n-grams) between individual words. The structural distinctions drawn from linguistics also proved important as performance was greater for tail-embedding than centre-embedding structures. The results suggest the plausibility of implicit learning of complex context-free structures, which model some features of natural languages. They support the relevance of artificial grammar learning for probing mechanisms of language learning and challenge existing theories and computational models of implicit learning. PMID:23094021

Rohrmeier, Martin; Fu, Qiufang; Dienes, Zoltan

2012-01-01

93

Elderly Refugees and Language Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For elderly refugees, coming from a variety of cultural situations and with varied educational backgrounds, transplantation to a new culture is an especially difficult process. There is no research evidence to suggest that older adults can not succeed in learning another language, although more deliberate efforts must be made to achieve this. In…

Grognet, Allene Guss

94

The Athena Language Learning Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a project at Massachusetts Institute of Technology concerned with making computer-assisted instruction more "human," communicative, and interactive for students learning a foreign language. The goal of the project is to create prototypes for beginning and intermediate courses in French, German, Spanish, Russian, and English as a second…

Morgenstern, Douglas

1986-01-01

95

Compulsory Language Studies for University Degrees: The Challenge of Decontextualization in Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present paper discusses the decontextualization of learning in a case of compulsory Swedish language studies for university degrees. In this case learning Swedish is mostly disconnected, not only from the everyday lives of the students in a way typical of formal learning in general, but also from the study activities and contexts that students…

Horppu, Ritva; Ikonen-Varila, Merja

2005-01-01

96

Chapter Five: Language Learning and Discursive Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter is framed by the three questions related to learning in Practice Theory posed by Johannes Wagner (2008): (1) What is learned?; (2) Who is learning?; and (3) Who is participating in the learning? These questions are addressed in two learning theories: Language Socialization and Situated Learning theory. In Language Socialization, the…

Young, Richard F.

2008-01-01

97

Explicit Language and Infrastructure Support for Context-aware Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dealing with context information is an important concern for mobile service computing. However, modern frameworks and programming languages do not directly support context-dependent behavior with first class entities. In this paper, we present Context-oriented Programming for mobile applications and provide an overview of our context-oriented extension to the Java programming language.

Malte Appeltauer; Robert Hirschfeld

2008-01-01

98

Language Performance, Context and the Personality of the Interpreter.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interpreting is an example of context-bound performance in which the interpreter has a prescribed role in infinitely varied contexts. The use of interpreting to train language students in confident and competent language use in less demanding contexts contributes to the development of both interpersonal skills and the ability to switch language

Henderson, John

99

LanguageLand : a multimodal conversational spoken language learning system  

E-print Network

LanguageLand is a multimodal conversational spoken language learning system whose purpose is to help native English users learn Mandarin Chinese. The system is centered on a game that involves navigation on a simulated ...

Lee, Vivienne C. (Vivienne Catherine)

2004-01-01

100

Language Awareness in Language Learning and Teaching: A Research Agenda  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Following on from my state-of-the-art article on "Language Awareness and language learning" (Svalberg 2007), in this paper I will discuss specific research tasks which are centrally concerned with different aspects of language awareness (LA): "explicit knowledge about language, and conscious perception and sensitivity in language learning,…

Svalberg, Agneta M.-L.

2012-01-01

101

Physics Learning through a Telecommunications Context.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Physics Phones Home unit which is context-led and developed by the Supported Learning in Physics Projects. Teaches introductory magnetism; electric, magnetic and gravitational fields; and electricity and circular motion. (YDS)

Edwards, Christopher

2000-01-01

102

Chapter 11 1 LEARNING TO FIND CONTEXT  

E-print Network

text using a data mining algorithm. The output of this learning step con- sists of a collection typing/spelling errors, Representation of word context, data mining, learning logic. 1Triantaphillou, E. and G. Felici (Eds.), Data Mining and Knowledge Discov- ery Approaches based on Rule Induction

Al-Mubaid, Hisham

103

Lifelong Learning Policy in Two National Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes and discusses the development of lifelong learning policy in two EU member states, Denmark and Portugal. The purpose is to show how different societal and historical contexts shape the development and implementation of lifelong learning policies, even though these policies have significant common elements. As a basis for the…

Rasmussen, Palle

2014-01-01

104

Learning Japanese as a Foreign Language in the Context of an American University: A Qualitative and Process-Oriented Study on De/Motivation at the Learning Situation Level  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Motivation plays an important role in foreign language learning. To investigate factors that influence motivation level, the researcher surveyed 102 students studying Japanese at the University of Washington and interviewed 10 of them. From their responses, the researcher identified four de/motivational factors: (1) teachers, (2) feedback, (3)…

Tsang, Sin Yi

2012-01-01

105

Language Learning in Wittgenstein and Davidson  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, I discuss language learning in Wittgenstein and Davidson. Starting from a remark by Bakhurst, I hold that both Wittgenstein and Davidson's philosophies of language contain responses to the problem of language learning, albeit of a different form. Following Williams, I hold that the concept of language learning can explain…

Kotzee, Ben

2014-01-01

106

Aging in context: Age-related changes in context use during language comprehension  

E-print Network

Aging in context: Age-related changes in context use during language comprehension KARA D, USA Abstract Effects of normal aging on the use of sentence context information during language and quantitatively similar in the two age groups. Descriptors: Aging, Language, Sentence processing, Sentential

Kutas, Marta

107

Context and Deep Learning Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Conceptual clarification is essential if we are to establish a stable and deep discipline of technology enhanced learning. The technology is alluring; this can distract from deep design in a surface rush to exploit the affordances of the new technology. We need a basis for design, and a conceptual unit of organization, that are applicable across…

Boyle, Tom; Ravenscroft, Andrew

2012-01-01

108

E-Learning without Text and Language: A Language-Free Learning Model  

E-print Network

E-Learning without Text and Language: A Language-Free Learning Model Hakan KALINYAPRAK Institute Engineering Group University of Technology Vienna, Austria weippl@ifs.tuwien.ac.at Key words: E-learning, learning without text, life based learning Abstract: E-learning is usually highly based on language

109

Second Language Learning and Language Arts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This essay discusses the difficulties many English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) students face when mainstreamed into academic content courses while still enrolled in ESL classes. The author demonstrates the benefits of pairing an ESL speech class with a content area course as a method for improving English language skills. (Contains 44 references.)…

Buttaro, Lucia

2002-01-01

110

CRL: A Context-Aware Request Language for Mobile Computing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces an XML-based generic Context Request Language (CRL), whose construction is part of a web services framework in the domain of mobile context sensing. The paper describes an implementation of the technique that is in accordance with the formal mathematical representational model, using first-order temporal language (6). The language is an attempt to introduce intelligence into context-aware computing

Alvin T. S. Chan; Peter Y. H. Wong; Siu-Nam Chuang

2004-01-01

111

Video Narration as a Language Sampling Context.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sampling spontaneous expressive language through video narration is offered as a means of reducing variability among language samples over time or from different speakers. Advantages include content stability, high interest value, and high processing demands. Disadvantages include brevity of the samples, lack of information on dyadic communication…

Dollaghan, Christine A.; And Others

1990-01-01

112

American Indian Languages: Cultural and Social Contexts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book introduces the general reader to the mosaic of American Indian languages and cultures as they exist in time and space, and supplies limited technical linguistic orientation to encourage further exploration of language interrelationships, cultures, and other ways of knowing. Chapter 1 provides an overview of the status, diversity, and…

Silver, Shirley; Miller, Wick R.

113

Own-Language Use in Language Teaching and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Until recently, the assumption of the language-teaching literature has been that new languages are best taught and learned monolingually, without the use of the students' own language(s). In recent years, however, this monolingual assumption has been increasingly questioned, and a re-evaluation of teaching that relates the language being taught to…

Hall, Graham; Cook, Guy

2012-01-01

114

Evaluating Learning Gain in a Self-Access Language Learning Centre  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

If it is to be argued that self-access language learning centres (SACs) provide an efficient and effective alternative or complement to more traditionally accepted modes of language learning and teaching, it remains a serious concern that there is no research-based framework specifically developed for their evaluation. It is within the context of…

Morrison, Bruce

2005-01-01

115

Influence of Additional Language Learning on First Language Learning in Children with Language Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Multilingualism can bring about various positive outcomes to typically developing children. Its effect on children with language difficulties is not yet clear. Aim: The aim of this study was to examine the effects of multilingual learning as a medium of instruction (MOI) on first language (L1) acquisition of children with language

To, Carol K. S.; Law, Thomas; Li, Xin-xin

2012-01-01

116

The role of language in learning physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many studies in PER suggest that language poses a serious difficulty for students learning physics. These difficulties are mostly attributed to misunderstanding of specialized terminology. This terminology often assigns new meanings to everyday terms used to describe physical models and phenomena. In this dissertation I present a novel approach to analyzing of the role of language in learning physics. This approach is based on the analysis of the historical development of physics ideas, the language of modern physicists, and students' difficulties in the areas of quantum mechanics, classical mechanics, and thermodynamics. These data are analyzed using linguistic tools borrowed from cognitive linguistics and systemic functional grammar. Specifically, I combine the idea of conceptual metaphor and grammar to build a theoretical framework that accounts for: (1) the role and function that language serves for physicists when they speak and reason about physical ideas and phenomena, (2) specific features of students' reasoning and difficulties that may be related to or derived from language that students read or hear. The theoretical framework is developed using the methodology of a grounded theoretical approach. The theoretical framework allows us to make predictions about the relationship between student discourse and their conceptual and problem solving difficulties. Tests of the theoretical framework are presented in the context of "heat" in thermodynamics and "force" in dynamics. In each case the language that students use to reason about the concepts of "heat" and "force" is analyzed using the theoretical framework. The results of this analysis show that language is very important in students' learning. In particular, students are (1) using features of physicists' conceptual metaphors to reason about physical phenomena, often overextending and misapplying these features, (2) drawing cues from the grammar of physicists' speech and writing to categorize physics concepts; this categorization of physics concepts plays a key role in students' ability to solve physics problems. In summary, I present a theoretical framework that provides a possible explanation of the role that language plays in learning physics. The framework also attempts to account for how and why physicists' language influences students in the way that it does.

Brookes, David T.

117

Supporting Authentic Learning Contexts Beyond Classroom Walls  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At the classroom level, contexts for learning are often limited in the experiential component. Teachers and trainers feel overwhelmed by the difficulty of inventing authentic learning contexts, and creating tasks that truly reflect the way knowledge would be used in the real world (Herrington et al. 2004). However, there are growing numbers of examples of how such authentic learning environments are being used in schools, higher education, and professional development in a variety of contexts and discipline areas, such as in literacy education (Ferry et al. 2006), in physical activity fitness and health (Rice et al. 1999), in Indigenous education (Marshall et al. 2001), in evaluation (Agostinho 2006), in multimedia and ICT (Bennett et al. 2001), in literature (Fitzsimmons 2006), and in business writing (Pennell et al. 1997). Teachers and trainers who subscribe to this approach to learning can be very inventive in developing learner perceptions of authentic contexts, but often financial, situational and time constraints limit the experiential elements of authentic learning settings.

Herrington, Jan; Specht, Marcus; Brickell, Gwyn; Harper, Barry

118

Skype me! Socially contingent interactions help toddlers learn language.  

PubMed

Language learning takes place in the context of social interactions, yet the mechanisms that render social interactions useful for learning language remain unclear. This study focuses on whether social contingency might support word learning. Toddlers aged 24-30 months (N = 36) were exposed to novel verbs in one of three conditions: live interaction training, socially contingent video training over video chat, and noncontingent video training (yoked video). Results suggest that children only learned novel verbs in socially contingent interactions (live interactions and video chat). This study highlights the importance of social contingency in interactions for language learning and informs the literature on learning through screen media as the first study to examine word learning through video chat technology. PMID:24112079

Roseberry, Sarah; Hirsh-Pasek, Kathy; Golinkoff, Roberta M

2014-01-01

119

Statistical language modeling using a variable context length  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we investigate statistical language models with avariable context length. For such models the number of relevantwords in a context is not fixed as in conventional M-gram models but depends on the context itself. We develop a measure for the quality of variable-length models and present a pruning algorithm for the creation of such models, based on this

Reinhard Kneser; Forschungslaboratorien Aachen

1996-01-01

120

Materials for Language Learning and Teaching. Anthology Series 22.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers from a seminar on instructional materials for second language teaching include the following: "Co-Operative Language Learning: What's News?" (Ted Rodgers); "Principles of Communicative Task Design" (David Nunan); "Teaching Spoken English in the Non-Native Context: Considerations for the Materials Writer" (Mary W. J. Tay); "The Texts for…

Das, Bikram K., Ed.

121

Identity, Language Learning, and Social Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this review article on identity, language learning, and social change, we argue that contemporary poststructuralist theories of language, identity, and power offer new perspectives on language learning and teaching, and have been of considerable interest in our field. We first review poststructuralist theories of language, subjectivity, and…

Norton, Bonny; Toohey, Kelleen

2011-01-01

122

Micro Language Planning for Multilingual Education: Agency in Local Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper overviews some of the domains of application of micro-level language planning approaches to foster multilingual education. It examines the language planning of local agents and the contexts in which their work contributes to multilingual education, either to expand or limit educational possibilities. It identifies four broad contexts of…

Liddicoat, Anthony J.; Taylor-Leech, Kerry

2014-01-01

123

"Homo Loquens": Language in the Context of Cosmic Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses language in the context of human development and civilization, examining a limitless field of studies and observations including the absorbent mind, the acquisition of language and grammatical structure, the linguistic capacity for abstract thought, the power of language and world community, the role of language and human uniqueness, and…

Stephenson, Margaret E.

2001-01-01

124

Managing Multiple Goals in Real Learning Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Understanding students' multiple goals in real learning contexts is an emerging area of importance for educators and researchers investigating student motivation in classrooms. This qualitative study conducted over an academic year investigates the multiple goals articulated by seven 11-year-old students and explores relationships between goals…

Mansfield, Caroline F.

2009-01-01

125

Visualisation in Applied Learning Contexts: A Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This literature review explores visualisation within the context of learning in design, engineering and technology education. The investigation first defines visualisation, providing examples of activities that utilise visualisation skills within an applied field. Then exploration of the mental mechanisms of visualisation used to engage with those…

Twissell, Adrian

2014-01-01

126

Teachers' Discourse on English Language Learners: Cultural Models of Language and Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This qualitative case study explores teacher learning about English language learners (ELLs) in a small-group, school-based context at an urban elementary school inArizona. Sociocultural perspectives on teacher learning guided the analysis of teachers’ participation in a teacher study group over six months. The teacher study group aimed to support educators of ELLs at a time of new language policy implementation,

Amy Heineke

2009-01-01

127

Languages as Socio-Cultural Capital in the Context of Contemporary Linguistic Reality of Jamaica  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper, "Languages as Socio-Cultural Capital in the Context of Contemporary Linguistic Reality of Jamaica." examines how the narratives of students can offer useful understanding and insights into their attitudes and achievements in second language acquisition. These situations are specific to Creole-speaking learning environments in Jamaica…

Davids, Melva P.

2013-01-01

128

A Teacher's Perspective: Learning a Second Language  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In "Learning a Second Language," page 107, Ellen Bialystok explains the ways in which reading a science text in a second language makes learning more challenging. She explains that language is the core of science learning because it "is the primary medium through which scientific concepts are understood, constructed, and expressed." She talks about some of the challenges of learning through spoken language but focuses primarily on the obstacles students face when they are expected to learn science through texts. Ana Vaisenstein, a former first-grade teacher in a two-way bilingual school, shares her perspective.

Ana Vaisenstein, Sumner Elementary School, Boston Public Schools

2008-01-01

129

Weblogs for English Language Learning: Students' Perceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The digital explosion of information on the Internet has resulted in a need for a new and up-to-date way for Digital Natives to learn English. Educators have reported numerous benefits of using weblogs in English language learning. This article presents a small scale study on the use of weblogs for English language learning at tertiary level in…

Wan, Juida; Tan, Bee Hoon

2011-01-01

130

Exploring the role of explicit knowledge in adult second language learning: language proficiency, pedagogical grammar and language learning strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is often assumed that adults learn more successfully by drawing on explicit knowledge. In the field of second language (L2) learning, this assumption has been applied to both knowledge about language learning and knowledge about language, as exemplified respectively by research into the use of language learning strategies and the relationship between metalinguistic knowledge and L2 proficiency in formal

Karen Roehr

2004-01-01

131

Service Learning Reinforces Language Arts Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the many benefits of service learning, and offers examples from the author's high school students. Notes literacy and language arts service learning projects; the importance of integrating service learning into a regular program of instruction; programs and resource materials that support service learning at the K-12 level; and students'…

Graff, Pat S.

2001-01-01

132

Learning procedures from interactive natural language instructions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Despite its ubiquity in human learning, very little work has been done in artificial intelligence on agents that learn from interactive natural language instructions. In this paper, the problem of learning procedures from interactive, situated instruction is examined in which the student is attempting to perform tasks within the instructional domain, and asks for instruction when it is needed. Presented is Instructo-Soar, a system that behaves and learns in response to interactive natural language instructions. Instructo-Soar learns completely new procedures from sequences of instruction, and also learns how to extend its knowledge of previously known procedures to new situations. These learning tasks require both inductive and analytic learning. Instructo-Soar exhibits a multiple execution learning process in which initial learning has a rote, episodic flavor, and later executions allow the initially learned knowledge to be generalized properly.

Huffman, Scott B.; Laird, John E.

1994-01-01

133

Making Intercultural Language Learning Visible and Assessable  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While languages education (Liddicoat, 2002) is being transformed by intercultural language learning theory, there is little illustration of either how students are achieving intercultural learning or how to assess it. This article reports on a study of high school language students in Sydney, Australia. Its findings make visible student…

Moloney, Robyn; Harbon, Lesley

2010-01-01

134

Computer Assisted Language Learning: A Client's View.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews responses of English-as-a-Second-Language students to a questionnaire regarding their reaction to using a computer for language learning, and attempts to identify the strategies they used as well as some general issues related to computer-assisted language learning. (CB)

Dhaif, Husain A.

1990-01-01

135

New Frontiers in Second Language Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume on second language learning contains the following eleven articles: "The Contrastive Analysis Hypothesis," by Ronald Wardhaugh, "Students' Errors and the Learning of French as a Second Language," by Magdelhayne F. Buteau, "Error Analysis and Second Language Strategies," by Jack C. Richards, "Induced Errors," by Nancy Stenson, "Global…

Schumann, John H., Ed.; Stenson, Nancy, Ed.

136

Beliefs and Emotions in Foreign Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From the argument that in languaging worlds are created (Aragao, 2005; Kalaja, 1995, 2003; Maturana and Varela, 2001; Nunez, 1997), this article aims at reflecting about the relationship between emotions and beliefs in foreign language learning. It is argued that beliefs and emotions in language learning/teaching are inter-related and can be…

Aragao, Rodrigo

2011-01-01

137

Facilitating Second Language Learning with Music  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of music in facilitating second language (as well as first language) learning is supported by evidence that points to the musical nature of even preverbal infants. Music and language have been found to develop similarly, and researchers have noted advantages to using song in learning. The author observed her Korean 21-month-old for …

Bae, Su-Young

2006-01-01

138

Web-Based English Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Knowledge of another language is an advantage and it gives people to look at the world and in particular to the world's cultures with a broader perspective. Learning English as a second language is the process by which students learn it in addition to their native language. Today, internet is an important part of our lives as English. For this…

Sarica, Gulcin Nagehan; Cavus, Nadire

2008-01-01

139

Tutors' Influence on Distance Language Students' Learning Motivation: Voices from Learners and Tutors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers' influence on students' learning motivation is a well-researched topic. Nevertheless, the majority of such studies are situated in the conventional learning context despite the rapid growth of distance language learning. This study set out to investigate tutors' influence on students' learning motivation in the Chinese distance language

Xiao, Junhong

2012-01-01

140

Applications of Cognitive Load Theory to Multimedia-Based Foreign Language Learning: An Overview  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews the multimedia instructional design literature based on cognitive load theory (CLT) in the context of foreign language learning. Multimedia are of particular importance in language learning materials because they incorporate text, image, and sound, thus offering an integrated learning experience of the four language skills…

Chen, I-Jung; Chang, Chi-Cheng; Lee, Yen-Chang

2009-01-01

141

Context-Free Grammars Introduction to Natural Language Processing  

E-print Network

-free grammar The most common way of modeling constituency. CFG = Context-Free Grammar = Phrase Structure structure and meaning We want to know how meaning is mapped onto what language structures. Commonly

Smith, David A.

142

Parsing of Context-Free Languages * Klaas Sikkel  

E-print Network

Parsing of Context-Free Languages * Klaas Sikkel GMD- German National Research Center, anijholt@cs.utwente.nl Abstract Parsing is the process of assigning structure to sentences. The structure Linguistics, context-free grammars and associated parsing algorithms are among the most useful tools. Numerous

Sikkel, Klaas

143

Learning to Neighbor? Service-learning in Context  

Microsoft Academic Search

Service-learning has received a great deal of attention in the management education literature over the past decade, as a\\u000a method by which students can acquire moral and civic values as well as gain academic knowledge and practice real-world skills.\\u000a Scholars focus on student and community impact, curricular design, and rationale. However, the educational environment (“context”)\\u000a in which service-learning occurs has

Mary-Ellen Boyle

2007-01-01

144

Meaning in Second Language Learning and Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of grammar rules and their relationship to language teaching, learning, and communicating are discussed in an attempt to stimulate language teachers to examine the approach they take in teaching grammar rules. (Contains five references.) (LB)

Chastain, Kenneth

1993-01-01

145

CHATTER : a spoken language dialogue system for language learning applications  

E-print Network

The goal of this thesis is to build a Computer Aided Language Learning game that simulates a casual conversation in Mandarin Chinese. In the envisioned system, users will chat with a computer on topics ranging from ...

Goldie, Anna Darling

2011-01-01

146

Learning electronic literacy skills in an online language learning community  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is about the learning that happens in the synchronous text chat forum of on online group of English Language learners and tutors. It is a socioculturally oriented case study of an informal virtual community called Webheads, who meet online in various places on the internet. Although dedicated to English Language learning, much other learning takes place within the

James Simpson

2005-01-01

147

The Language of Language: An Interdisciplinary Approach To Language Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study of language in general and the study of foreign languages in particular have attracted new interest in academic circles during the past decade. The concepts of the "global village" and "cultural diversity" have become commonplace in the jargon of the 1990s. The development of two new courses at Westminster College (Pennsylvania) have…

Mann, Jesse Thomas

1993-01-01

148

Learning Grasp Context Distinctions that Generalize  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Control-based approaches to grasp synthesis create grasping behavior by sequencing and combining control primitives. In the absence of any other structure, these approaches must evaluate a large number of feasible control sequences as a function of object shape, object pose, and task. This work explores a new approach to grasp synthesis that limits consideration to variations on a generalized localize-reach-grasp control policy. A new learning algorithm, known as schema structured learning, is used to learn which instantiations of the generalized policy are most likely to lead to a successful grasp in different problem contexts. Two experiments are described where Dexter, a bimanual upper torso, learns to select an appropriate grasp strategy as a function of object eccentricity and orientation. In addition, it is shown that grasp skills learned in this way can generalize to new objects. Results are presented showing that after learning how to grasp a small, representative set of objects, the robot's performance quantitatively improves for similar objects that it has not experienced before.

Platt, Robert; Grupen, Roderic A.; Fagg, Andrew H.

2006-01-01

149

Cultural Perspectives Toward Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cultural conflicts may be derived from using inappropriate language. Appropriate linguistic-pragmatic competence may also be produced by providing various and multicultural backgrounds. Culture and language are linked together naturally, unconsciously, and closely in daily social lives. Culture affects language and language affects culture through…

Lin, Li-Li

2008-01-01

150

Language Learning: A Worldwide Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Numerous reports and articles have decried the mediocrity of U.S. students' foreign language skills and have called for improved language education. One study that looked at foreign language education in 19 countries suggests several characteristics of successful foreign language programs: starting early, providing an articulated framework,…

Christian, Donna; Pufahl, Ingrid U.; Rhodes, Nancy C.

2005-01-01

151

Implicit and Explicit Learning of Languages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses theoretical and practical issues connected with implicit and explicit learning of languages. Explicit learning is knowledge expressed in the form of rules or definitions; implicit knowledge can be inferred to exist because of observed performance but cannot be clearly described. Hypothesizes why explicit learning can lead to implicit…

McDermott, James E.

1999-01-01

152

Learning for Deep Language Understanding Smaranda Muresan  

E-print Network

Learning for Deep Language Understanding Smaranda Muresan School of Communication and Information. Building large treebanks annotated with complex representations needed to learn deep grammars is a very for deep linguistic formalisms. Propos- ing tractable learning algorithms for a deep linguistic formal- ism

Muresan, Smaranda

153

Language Acquisition as Rational Contingency Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers how fluent language users are rational in their language processing, their unconscious language representation systems optimally prepared for comprehension and production, how language learners are intuitive statisticians, and how acquisition can be understood as contingency learning. But there are important aspects of second…

Ellis, Nick C.

2006-01-01

154

October 2012 The Language Learning Centre  

E-print Network

Self-Access/Intermediate/Grammar/Speaking Television channels The Language Learning Centre receives) from the list of TV channels. Put the video into the machine, in the usual way, and use the manualOctober 2012 The Language Learning Centre: a user guide for students LLC Opening Hours Monday

Sussex, University of

155

Autonomous Language Learning: The Teachers' Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on a large-scale study on learner autonomy in language learning carried out with students and English teachers at the Hong Kong Polytechnic University. Examines the teachers' views of their roles and responsibilities, their assessment of their students'decision-making abilities and the autonomous language learning activities that they have…

Chan, Victoria

2003-01-01

156

Autonomous Language Learning: The teachers' perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on a large-scale study on learner autonomy in language learning carried out with students and English teachers at the Hong Kong Polytechnic University in Hong Kong. It focuses on the teachers' views of their roles and responsibilities, their assessment of their students' decision-making abilities and the autonomous language learning activities that they have encouraged their students to

Victoria Chan

2003-01-01

157

Early Foreign Language Learning: The Biological Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A discussion of the biological and developmental issues in early second language learning first looks at psycholinguistic research on brain growth patterns and the relationship of first and second language learning. Focus is on three phenomena observed in the self-organization of living systems: selection of input data; organization of specialized…

Peltzer-Karpf, Annemarie

158

Addressing Pedagogical Dilemmas in a Constructivist Language Learning Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational constructivism has long been associated with advanced pedagogy on the basis that, it champions a learner-centered approach to teaching, advocates learning in meaningful contexts and promotes problem-based activities where learners construct their knowledge through interaction with their peers. Involving language learners in video…

Nikitina, Larisa

2010-01-01

159

Reinforcement Learning in Young Adults with Developmental Language Impairment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the study was to examine reinforcement learning (RL) in young adults with developmental language impairment (DLI) within the context of a neurocomputational model of the basal ganglia-dopamine system (Frank, Seeberger, & O'Reilly, 2004). Two groups of young adults, one with DLI and the other without, were recruited. A probabilistic…

Lee, Joanna C.; Tomblin, J. Bruce

2012-01-01

160

Cooperative Language Learning: Increasing Opportunities for Learning in Teams  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper conceptualizes cooperative language learning, group instruction which is under the learner-centered approach where the groups are formed in such a way that each member performs his or her task to achieve the goal. Previous research indicates that cooperative language learning doesn't only improve learners' language skills, but also…

Wichadee, Saovapa; Orawiwatnakul, Wiwat

2012-01-01

161

Intercultural Education and Foreign Language Learning: Issues of racism, identity and modernity  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines a particular attempt to represent ethnic and cultural diversity in the context of materials produced for advanced adult learners by the Open University. The course materials are designed to support distance learning of French language and culture. The authors argue that language learning has a particular political importance within the context of Europe, and note that foreign

Audrey Osler; Hugh Starkey

2000-01-01

162

Research in Practice: Group Membership and Identity Issues in Second Language Learning--Department of Education and Centre for the Study of Learning and Performance, Concordia University, Montreal  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Language learning is inextricably linked to a social context, and this implies that context-related social variables, such as ethnicity or attitudes, can influence how language learning unfolds. Among the many group-engendered social factors, ethnic identity appears to have interesting consequences for language teaching and learning (Pavlenko…

Trofimovich, Pavel; Turuševa, Larisa; Gatbonton, Elizabeth

2013-01-01

163

Principles of Instructed Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article represents an attempt to draw together findings from a range of second language acquisition studies in order to formulate a set of general principles for language pedagogy. These principles address such issues as the nature of second language (L2) competence (as formulaic and rule-based knowledge), the contributions of both focus on…

Ellis, Rod

2005-01-01

164

Empowering the Language Learner: Language Learning Strategy Training and Self-Regulation in an EFL Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to illustrate how an understanding of the Good Language Learner models described in the SLA literature can be used to tailor and implement a program of learning strategy training and self-regulatory practices in the classroom to empower L2 learners in an EFL context. The paper begins by reviewing the various…

Torres, Gabriella

2013-01-01

165

Transnationalism and Literacy: Investigating the Mobility of People, Languages, Texts, and Practices in Contexts of Migration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review of research offers a synthesis and analysis of research studies that address issues of language and literacy practices and learning in transnational contexts of migration. We consider how theoretical concepts from transnational migration studies, including particular Boudieusian-inspired concepts such as transnational social field,…

Lam, Wan Shun Eva; Warriner, Doris S.

2012-01-01

166

Issues in Contemporary Spain: A Multimedia Approach to Teaching Language and Culture in Context.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A method of combining second language learning and cultural education at the advanced level is described. In a third-year college Spanish course, the subject of post-Franco Spain is used as the context for developing reading, writing, speaking, and listening skills and also serves as content area in itself. In addition to instructional texts,…

Ramos, Rosa Alicia

167

Baby steps to learning language  

Microsoft Academic Search

Young infants show remarkable speech perception sensitivities, and during the first year of life narrow these initial capabilities to reflect enhanced sensitivity to the sounds and structures used in their native language. This article reviews critical research illustrating how infants tune their perceptual sensitivities during the first year of life and how the language-specific changes in perception help “bootstrap” them

Janet F Werker

2003-01-01

168

BABY STEPS TO LEARNING LANGUAGE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Young infants show remarkable speech perception sensitivities, and during the first year of life narrow these initial capabilities to reflect enhanced sensitivity to the sounds and structures used in their native language. This article reviews critical research illustrating how infants tune their perceptual sensitivities during the first year of life and how the language-specific changes in perception help ''bootstrap'' them

JANET F. WERKER

2003-01-01

169

Intact Implicit Learning of Spatial Context and Temporal Sequences in Childhood Autism Spectrum Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is defined by atypicalities in domains that are posited to rely on implicit learning processes such as social communication, language, and motor behavior. The authors examined 2 forms of implicit learning in 14 children with high-functioning ASD (10 of whom were diagnosed with Asperger's syndrome) and 14 control children, learning of spatial context known to be

Kelly Anne Barnes; James H. Howard; Darlene V. Howard; Lisa Gilotty; Lauren Kenworthy; William D. Gaillard; Chandan J. Vaidya

2008-01-01

170

Early Gesture "Selectively" Predicts Later Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The gestures children produce predict the early stages of spoken language development. Here we ask whether gesture is a global predictor of language learning, or whether particular gestures predict particular language outcomes. We observed 52 children interacting with their caregivers at home, and found that gesture use at 18 months selectively…

Rowe, Meredith L.; Goldin-Meadow, Susan

2009-01-01

171

MIND, BRAIN, AND EDUCATION Early Language Learning  

E-print Network

between 18 and 30 months of age, and also predict language abilities and pre-literacy skills at the ageMIND, BRAIN, AND EDUCATION Early Language Learning and Literacy: Neuroscience Implications examining young children's early processing of language that has implications for education. Noninvasive

172

Tweet2Learn: Language learning via social media  

E-print Network

Tweet2Learn: Language learning via social media Kevin Scannell Saint Louis University May 30, 2013 #12;Social Media: Advantages Solves the "critical mass" problem Connects learners with native-study or formal pedagogy #12;Social Media: Disadvantages Still only a complement to "real" learning No oral

Scannell, Kevin Patrick

173

Learning and the language of thought  

E-print Network

This thesis develops the hypothesis that key aspects of learning and development can be understood as rational statistical inferences over a compositionally structured representation system, a language of thought (LOT) ...

Piantadosi, Steven Thomas

2011-01-01

174

Semi-supervised learning for natural language  

E-print Network

Statistical supervised learning techniques have been successful for many natural language processing tasks, but they require labeled datasets, which can be expensive to obtain. On the other hand, unlabeled data (raw text) ...

Liang, Percy

2005-01-01

175

Computer Assisted Language Learning. Routledge Studies in Computer Assisted Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Computer-assisted language learning (CALL) is an approach to language teaching and learning in which computer technology is used as an aid to the presentation, reinforcement and assessment of material to be learned, usually including a substantial interactive element. This books provides an up-to date and comprehensive overview of…

Pennington, Martha

2011-01-01

176

Pragmatics and Language Learning, Volume 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Monographs on pragmatics and language learning include: "Do We All Apologize the Same?--An Empirical Study on the Act of Apologizing by Spanish Speakers Learning English" (Montserrat Mir); "Conversational Openings in Kiswahili: The Pragmatic Performance of Native and Non-Native Speakers" (Alwiya S. Omar); "Experimental and Observational Data in…

Bouton, Lawrence F., Ed.; Kachru, Yamuna, Ed.

1992-01-01

177

Learning by listening to language learners  

Microsoft Academic Search

I begin this paper by describing my personal version of the action research cycle. I then describe two of my own research experiences to make the point that when we carry out research which involves listening to language learners, we can learn in two very different but equally important ways. First we learn something about the research question we are

David Block

1997-01-01

178

Motivation: Its Crucial Role in Language Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of motivation in second language learning is explored. Motivation involves positive learner and teacher attitudes which must be sustained through every stage of the learning process. Factors that influence motivation are described, including: teaching methodology, understanding meanings of words, mastery, objectives, classroom techniques,…

Finocchiaro, Mary

179

Spatial and context awareness for mobile learning in a museum  

Microsoft Academic Search

The MOBIlearn project aims to develop a re-usable architecture for delivering mobile learning experiences. A key component of this architecture is a context-awareness subsystem that is intended to tailor the content and options made available to a learner, depending on their current situation, preferences, and learning history. The context awareness subsystem has been developed alongside a hierarchical model of context,

Peter Lonsdale; Will Byrne; Russell Beale; Mike Sharples; Chris Baber

180

Constraints on Statistical Language Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

How do learners discover the structure in linguistic input? One set of cues which learners might use to acquire phrase structure are the dependencies, or predictive relationships, which link elements within phrases. In order to determine whether learners can use this statistical information, adults and children were exposed to artificial languages that either contained or violated the kinds of dependencies

Jenny R. Saffran

2002-01-01

181

Global Contexts for Learning: Exploring the Relationship between Low-Context Online Learning and High-Context Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current research on culture and distance education suggests that cultural variables influence student success online. When online courses are writing-based, they may provide easy information dissemination; however, the low-context medium may restrict the learning experience and class dynamic due to the lack of nonverbal communication. Students who…

Westbrook, Timothy Paul

2014-01-01

182

Troubling literacy: monolingual assumptions, multilingual contexts, and language teacher expertise  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current educational context in many English speaking countries is one where literacy is understood to be essentially monolingual in orientation; that is, an understanding of literacy around a single common language, with the emphasis on identifying universal, normative ‘standards’ and ‘benchmarks’, such as the National Assessment Program-Literacy and Numeracy in Australia, the Primary National Strategy in the United Kingdom,

Russell Cross

2011-01-01

183

How Social Contexts Support and Shape Language Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The human potential for language is based in human biology but makes requirements of the social environment to be realized. This paper reports evidence regarding (1) the nature of those environmental requirements, (2) the ways in which the varied social contexts in which children live meet those requirements, and (3) the effects of environmental…

Hoff, Erika

2006-01-01

184

Cognitive-emotional interactions Language as context for the perception  

E-print Network

Cognitive-emotional interactions Language as context for the perception of emotion Lisa Feldman Barrett, Kristen A. Lindquist and Maria Gendron Department of Psychology, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, MA, 02467, USA In the blink of an eye, people can easily see emotion in another person's face

Barrett, Lisa Feldman

185

The Teaching of African Languages: Content, Context, and Methodology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three interdependent components--content, context, and methodology--are discussed as they relate to the teaching of African languages to non-native speakers. Content depends on type and availability of instructional materials, which may be quite limited. If textbooks are not available, the teacher must select from varied authentic materials and…

Moshi, Lioba

1994-01-01

186

Learning Aids for North American Indian Languages  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Native American Studies Department at the University of California - Davis has made available Learning Aids for North American Indian Languages, a resource offering "information on published and 'semi-published' teaching and general reference materials for North American Indian languages or groups of languages." It is a page of pointers to citations for dictionaries, descriptive grammars, pedagogic materials collections of bilingual narratives, and tapes, among others. This large resource is arranged alphabetically by language group, and also contains many cross references. Over 100 language groups are included, from Abenaki to Yukon languages. Citations contain bibliographic information and are thoroughly annotated. Learning Aids has been compiled from the "Society of the Indigenous Languages of the Americas Newsletter."

187

"To Improve Language, You Have to Mix": Teachers' Perceptions of Language Learning in an Overseas Immersion Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The overseas immersion environment has long been considered a superior context for language learning, supposedly providing unlimited exposure to target language (TL) input and countless opportunities for authentic interaction with expert users. This article focuses on immersion programmes (IPs) for in-service language teachers--a relatively…

Roskvist, Annelies; Harvey, Sharon; Corder, Deborah; Stacey, Karen

2014-01-01

188

The Internet, Language Learning, and International Dialogue: Constructing Online Foreign Language Learning Websites  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the present study we call attention to the close connection between languages and globalization, and we also emphasize the importance of the Internet and online websites in foreign language teaching and learning as unavoidable elements of computer assisted language learning (CALL). We prepared a checklist by which we investigated 28 foreign…

Kartal, Erdogan; Uzun, Levent

2010-01-01

189

Learning physics in context: a study of student learning about electricity and magnetism  

E-print Network

Learning physics in context: a study of student learning about electricity and magnetism This paper re-centres the discussion of student learning in physics to focus on context. In order to do so and inextricable role of context in student learning. This work sits within a broader effort to create and analyze

Colorado at Boulder, University of

190

Discriminating languages in bilingual contexts: the impact of orthographic markedness  

PubMed Central

Does language-specific orthography help language detection and lexical access in naturalistic bilingual contexts? This study investigates how L2 orthotactic properties influence bilingual language detection in bilingual societies and the extent to which it modulates lexical access and single word processing. Language specificity of naturalistically learnt L2 words was manipulated by including bigram combinations that could be either L2 language-specific or common in the two languages known by bilinguals. A group of balanced bilinguals and a group of highly proficient but unbalanced bilinguals who grew up in a bilingual society were tested, together with a group of monolinguals (for control purposes). All the participants completed a speeded language detection task and a progressive demasking task. Results showed that the use of the information of orthotactic rules across languages depends on the task demands at hand, and on participants' proficiency in the second language. The influence of language orthotactic rules during language detection, lexical access and word identification are discussed according to the most prominent models of bilingual word recognition. PMID:24860536

Casaponsa, Aina; Carreiras, Manuel; Dunabeitia, Jon A.

2014-01-01

191

Singing can facilitate foreign language learning.  

PubMed

This study presents the first experimental evidence that singing can facilitate short-term paired-associate phrase learning in an unfamiliar language (Hungarian). Sixty adult participants were randomly assigned to one of three "listen-and-repeat" learning conditions: speaking, rhythmic speaking, or singing. Participants in the singing condition showed superior overall performance on a collection of Hungarian language tests after a 15-min learning period, as compared with participants in the speaking and rhythmic speaking conditions. This superior performance was statistically significant (p < .05) for the two tests that required participants to recall and produce spoken Hungarian phrases. The differences in performance were not explained by potentially influencing factors such as age, gender, mood, phonological working memory ability, or musical ability and training. These results suggest that a "listen-and-sing" learning method can facilitate verbatim memory for spoken foreign language phrases. PMID:23860945

Ludke, Karen M; Ferreira, Fernanda; Overy, Katie

2014-01-01

192

Context-Aware Ubiquitous English Learning in a Campus Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many researches have indicated that the wireless technology can enhance the learning performance of teaching, learning and self-study. Therefore, the web-based learning has been evolved into mobile learning and even ubiquitous learning in recent years. Certainly, performing language teaching and learning actions by handheld devices in cooperating with advanced wireless technology has been a novel trend. Therefore, the research proposes

Hsin-chun Hsieh; Chih-ming Chen; Chin-ming Hong

2007-01-01

193

Accelerating Language Learning in Young Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined effects of direct intervention on language learning. Using a toy manipulation task, 18 children aged 3;6 to 4;6 were systematically taught linguistic structures beyond their developmental grasp. Solid improvement was found in the experimental conditions; no significant improvement was noted in control conditions, showing that the language

Roth, Froma P.

1984-01-01

194

Assessment of Student Learning in Language Arts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, part of a series of papers which describe the assessment of student learning in areas of the curriculum from prekindergarten through grade 12, focuses on assessment in the language arts. Current practices are reviewed. Subsequent sections describe guidelines for appropriate curriculum goals and content in language arts programs. A…

Austen, Caryn Kellerhals; And Others

195

Strangers in Stranger Lands: Language, Learning, Culture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates international students' perceptions of the issues they face using English as a second language while attending American higher education institutions. In order to fully understand those challenges involved in learning English as a Second Language, it is necessary to know the extent to which international students have…

Li, Hong; Fox, Roy F.; Almarza, Dario J.

2007-01-01

196

Gesture in Modern Language Teaching and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For decades there have been linguists who proclaimed the significant role of kinesic expression in carrying the meaning of spoken language (e.g. Efron, 1941; Birdwhistell, 1952; Kendon, 1972). Drawing on such studies, there have also been pioneer studies of gesture in second language learning and use (McNeill, 1992; Gullberg, 1998, 2006), and…

Orton, Jane

2007-01-01

197

Foreign Language Learning Difficulties and Teaching Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Beginning foreign language (FL) courses in high school often have high numbers of learning disabled (LED) and at-risk students, perhaps because many students who are considered to be college bound begin foreign language study in middle school. This paper examines FL difficulties as well as effective strategies that others have used to conquer…

Banks, Tiffini

2008-01-01

198

Autonomous Language Learning against All Odds  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Conceptualizing learners' individuality as dynamic and contextually situated, this paper reports on an inquiry that examined the genesis of a disabled learner's success in learning foreign languages on the Chinese mainland. Using source texts such as the learner's published diaries, letters and her autobiography, the inquiry revealed that language

Gao, Xuesong

2010-01-01

199

Learner Perspectives on Fully Online Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study builds on this author's 2011 article in which the author reflects on the pedagogical challenges and resultant changes made while teaching two fully online foreign language papers over a four-year period (Y. H. S. Sun (2011). Online language teaching: The pedagogical challenges. "Knowledge Management & E-Learning: An…

Sun, Susan Y. H.

2014-01-01

200

Suggestology as an Effective Language Learning Method.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The methods used and the results obtained by means of the accelerated language learning techniques developed by Georgi Lozanov, Director of the Institute of Suggestology in Bulgaria, are discussed. The following topics are included: (1) discussion of hypermnesia, "super memory," and the reasons foreign languages were chosen for purposes of…

MaCoy, Katherine W.

201

Learning in a u-Museum: Developing a Context-Aware Ubiquitous Learning Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context-awareness techniques can support learners in learning without time or location constraints by using mobile devices and associated learning activities in a real learning environment. Enrichment of context-aware technologies has enabled students to learn in an environment that integrates learning resources from both the real world and the…

Chen, Chia-Chen; Huang, Tien-Chi

2012-01-01

202

Emotional Mood as a Context for Learning and Recall.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In experiments where hypnotized subjects learned one word list while happy or sad, retention proved to be surprisingly independent of the congruence of learning and testing moods. Learning mood provided a helpful retrieval cue and differentiating context only where subjects learned two word lists, one while happy, one while sad. (EJS)

Bower, Gordon H.; And Others

1978-01-01

203

Language context modulates reading route: an electrical neuroimaging study  

PubMed Central

Introduction: The orthographic depth hypothesis (Katz and Feldman, 1983) posits that different reading routes are engaged depending on the type of grapheme/phoneme correspondence of the language being read. Shallow orthographies with consistent grapheme/phoneme correspondences favor encoding via non-lexical pathways, where each grapheme is sequentially mapped to its corresponding phoneme. In contrast, deep orthographies with inconsistent grapheme/phoneme correspondences favor lexical pathways, where phonemes are retrieved from specialized memory structures. This hypothesis, however, lacks compelling empirical support. The aim of the present study was to investigate the impact of orthographic depth on reading route selection using a within-subject design. Method: We presented the same pseudowords (PWs) to highly proficient bilinguals and manipulated the orthographic depth of PW reading by embedding them among two separated German or French language contexts, implicating respectively, shallow or deep orthography. High density electroencephalography was recorded during the task. Results: The topography of the ERPs to identical PWs differed 300–360 ms post-stimulus onset when the PWs were read in different orthographic depth context, indicating distinct brain networks engaged in reading during this time window. The brain sources underlying these topographic effects were located within left inferior frontal (German > French), parietal (French > German) and cingular areas (German > French). Conclusion: Reading in a shallow context favors non-lexical pathways, reflected in a stronger engagement of frontal phonological areas in the shallow versus the deep orthographic context. In contrast, reading PW in a deep orthographic context recruits less routine non-lexical pathways, reflected in a stronger engagement of visuo-attentional parietal areas in the deep versus shallow orthographic context. These collective results support a modulation of reading route by orthographic depth. PMID:24600377

Buetler, Karin A.; de Leon Rodriguez, Diego; Laganaro, Marina; Muri, Rene; Spierer, Lucas; Annoni, Jean-Marie

2014-01-01

204

Motivation and second language learning: Implications for ASL.  

E-print Network

??Motivation is one factor which can influence second language learning. Research on second language learning and motivation influences instructional practices. In this review classic defInitions… (more)

Prinzi, Lisa

2007-01-01

205

Context-Free Languages A context-free grammar is a 4-tuple (V,,P,S), where  

E-print Network

Context-Free Languages A context-free grammar is a 4-tuple (V,,P,S), where · V is a nite set of non;Context-Free Languages recall the non-regular language {anban | n 0} · V = {S} · = {a,b} · productionSaaa aaabaaa 2 #12;Context-Free Languages We use to mean that can be obtained from using one application

Waterloo, University of

206

School Cultures as Contexts for Informal Teacher Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study profiles and compares international social contexts for teacher workplace informal learning from the teachers' perspectives. Set in elementary schools in the U.S. and Lithuania, the study illustrates how teachers make sense of and engage in professional learning within their historical, political and administrative contexts. A…

Jurasaite-Harbison, Elena; Rex, Lesley A.

2010-01-01

207

Finding Voice: Learning about Language and Power  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Christensen discusses why teachers need to teach students "voice" in its social and political context, to show the intersection of voice and power, to encourage students to ask, "Whose voices get heard? Whose are marginalized?" As Christensen writes, "Once students begin to understand that Standard English is one language among many, we can help…

Christensen, Linda

2011-01-01

208

The Assessment of Meta-Cognition in Different Contexts: Individualized vs. Peer Assisted Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the effectiveness of assessing young children's meta-cognition in different contexts (i.e., individual learning (IL), peer assisted learning (PAL) and self-reports). Additionally, the contributions of declarative and procedural meta-cognition in IL and PAL, TOM and language ability on children's cognitive performance…

Shamir, Adina; Mevarech, Zemira R.; Gida, Carmit

2009-01-01

209

Learner Agency in Language Learning: The Story of a Distance Learner of EFL in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learner agency plays a key role in self-regulated learning. Yet, there is a paucity of research into its role in the distance learning context. Using reflective narratives written by a distance learner of English in China, this longitudinal case study aims to investigate the ways in which learner agency mediates the language learning in the…

Xiao, Junhong

2014-01-01

210

Learning: Statistical Mechanisms in Language Acquisition  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The grammatical structure of human languages is extremely complex, yet children master this complexity with apparent ease. One explanation is that we come to the task of acquisition equipped with knowledge about the possible grammatical structures of human languages—so-called "Universal Grammar". An alternative is that grammatical patterns are abstracted from the input via a process of identifying reoccurring patterns and using that information to form grammatical generalizations. This statistical learning hypothesis receives support from computational research, which has revealed that even low level statistics based on adjacent word co-occurrences yield grammatically relevant information. Moreover, even as adults, our knowledge and usage of grammatical patterns is often graded and probabilistic, and in ways which directly reflect the statistical makeup of the language we experience. The current chapter explores such evidence and concludes that statistical learning mechanisms play a critical role in acquisition, whilst acknowledging holes in our current knowledge, particularly with respect to the learning of `higher level' syntactic behaviours. Throughout, I emphasize that although a statistical approach is traditionally associated with a strongly empiricist position, specific accounts make specific claims about the nature of the learner, both in terms of learning mechanisms and the information that is primitive to the learning system. In particular, working models which construct grammatical generalizations often assume inbuilt semantic abstractions.

Wonnacott, Elizabeth

211

Language Learning in Children Who Are Deaf and Hard of Hearing: Multiple Pathways.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This text on teaching language to students with hearing impairments stresses the use of multiple language learning pathways to meet the individual needs of students. The introductory chapter looks at language issues in the context of history, instruction, technology, culture, and the law. Chapter 2, on language acquisition, discusses the nature of…

Easterbrooks, Susan R.; Baker, Sharon

212

Language Learning Strategies, Course Grades, and Age in EFL Secondary School Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In studies dealing with language learning strategies in the school context, the variables of proficiency and age are often difficult to isolate since students accumulate more hours of foreign language instruction as they move up from grade to grade. This study aimed to deal with these two variables independently by analysing learning strategy use…

Tragant, Elsa; Victori, Mia

2012-01-01

213

Individual Differences in Sequence Learning Ability and Second Language Acquisition in Early Childhood and Adulthood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Language aptitude has been hypothesized as a factor that can compensate for postcritical period effects in language learning capacity. However, previous research has primarily focused on instructed contexts and rarely on acquisition-rich learning environments where there is a potential for massive amounts of input. In addition, the studies…

Granena, Gisela

2013-01-01

214

A Probe into Three Chinese Boys' Self-Efficacy Beliefs Learning English as a Second Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this case study, we investigate three Chinese boys' self-efficacy beliefs learning English as a second language across English language learning tasks and home-based and school-based contexts. Participants reported higher self-efficacy to complete listening and speaking activities than during reading and writing activities. All participants…

Wang, Chuang; Pape, Stephen J.

2007-01-01

215

Learning in Cultural Context: Developing Destinies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over more than three decades spent researching cultural aspects of how children learn, the author has had the opportunity to learn about how individuals and cultural communities change and continue. During her research on children's learning by observing and "pitching in" in a Mayan community in Guatemala, the author learned a great deal from…

Rogoff, Barbara

2012-01-01

216

Fourteenth Conference on Computational Natural Language Learning  

E-print Network

of the Conference 15-16 July 2010 Uppsala University Uppsala, Sweden #12;Production and Manufacturing by Taberg Media Group AB Box 94, 562 02 Taberg Sweden CoNLL-2010 Best Paper Sponsors: c 2010 The Association interest group on natural language learning. CONLL-2010 will be held in Uppsala, Sweden, 15-16 July 2010

217

Agency, Language Learning, and Multilingual Spaces  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the notion of agency in language learning and use as discursively, historically, and socially mediated. It further explores how agency can be understood as variously enabled and constrained as individuals move from one cultural, linguistic, and/or geographical space to another. These explorations focus on how agency is…

Miller, Elizabeth R.

2012-01-01

218

Stereotypes of Americans: Foreign Language Learning Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers how teachers can deal with stereotypes in the classroom as they relate to foreign language learning goals, specifically the negative ethnic and cultural stereotypes held by Mexican university students about Americans and Canadians. It presents data concerning the emergence of stereotypes from various studies carried out in…

de Mas, Eugenia Gomez; Ryan, Phyllis M.

219

Structural Priming and Second Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Structural priming (or syntactic priming) is a speaker's tendency to reuse the same structural pattern as one that was previously encountered (Bock, 1986). This study investigated (a) whether the implicit learning processes involved in long-lag structural priming lead to differential second language (L2) improvement in producing two structural…

Shin, Jeong-Ah; Christianson, Kiel

2012-01-01

220

Identity, Motivation and Autonomy in Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this volume researchers from Asia, Europe, the Middle East and North and South America employ a variety of theoretical perspectives and methodological approaches in their exploration of the links between identity, motivation, and autonomy in language learning. On a conceptual level the authors explore issues related to agency, metacognition,…

Lamb, Terry; Murray, Garold; Gao, Xuesong

2011-01-01

221

Student Language Learning Strategies across Eight Disciplines.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated the use of 50 common second language learning strategies by English for academic purposes students across eight disciplines--building, business, computing, engineering, English, mathematics, primary education, and science--in a university in Hong Kong. Compared and contrasted strategy use across disciplines and examined relationships…

Peacock, Matthew; Ho, Belinda

2003-01-01

222

Computer-Assisted Language Learning Authoring Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Computer-assisted language learning (CALL) authoring refers to a wide variety of creative development activities using software tools that run the gamut from simple templates (easy-to-use predefined forms into which content is typed) to complex authoring environments (flexible but harder-to-use systems, requiring advanced skills and a great deal…

Otto, Sue E. K.; Pusack, James P.

2009-01-01

223

Games in Language Learning: Opportunities and Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There has been a substantial increase in recent years in the interest in using digital games for language learning. This coincides with the explosive growth in multiplayer online gaming and with the proliferation of mobile games for smart phones. It also reflects the growing recognition among educators of the importance of extramural, informal…

Godwin-Jones, Robert

2014-01-01

224

Autistic Spectrum Disorders and Learning Foreign Languages  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The number of young people with a diagnosis of Autistic Spectrum Disorders (ASD) coming into mainstream foreign languages classes is increasing, and this is causing some concern to teachers. Based on her extensive professional experience, Vivienne Wire here considers the implications for teaching and learning of the "triad of impairments" found in…

Wire, Vivienne

2005-01-01

225

Autistic Spectrum Disorders and learning foreign languages  

Microsoft Academic Search

The number of young people with a diagnosis of an Autistic Spectrum Disorders (ASD) coming into mainstream foreign languages classes is increasing, and this is causing some concern to teachers. Based on her extensive professional experience, Vivienne Wire here considers the implications for teaching and learning of the 'triad of impairments' found in pupils with autism and discusses strategies for

VIVIENNE WIRE

2005-01-01

226

Look Who's Talking: Speech Style and Social Context in Language Input to Infants Are Linked to Concurrent and Future Speech Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Language input is necessary for language learning, yet little is known about whether, in natural environments, the speech style and social context of language input to children impacts language development. In the present study we investigated the relationship between language input and language development, examining both the style of parental…

Ramírez-Esparza, Nairán; García-Sierra, Adrián; Kuhl, Patricia K.

2014-01-01

227

An Expert System-based Context-Aware Ubiquitous Learning Approach for Conducting Science Learning Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context-aware ubiquitous learning has been recognized as being a promising approach that enables students to interact with real-world learning targets with supports from the digital world. Several researchers have indicated the importance of providing learning guidance or hints to individual students during the context-aware ubiquitous learning

Wu, Po-Han; Hwang, Gwo-Jen; Tsai, Wen-Hung

2013-01-01

228

Flexibility in embodied language processing: context effects in lexical access.  

PubMed

According to embodied theories of language (ETLs), word meaning relies on sensorimotor brain areas, generally dedicated to acting and perceiving in the real world. More specifically, words denoting actions are postulated to make use of neural motor areas, while words denoting visual properties draw on the resources of visual brain areas. Therefore, there is a direct correspondence between word meaning and the experience a listener has had with a word's referent on the brain level. Behavioral and neuroimaging studies have provided evidence in favor of ETLs; however, recent studies have also shown that sensorimotor information is recruited in a flexible manner during language comprehension (e.g., Raposo et al.; Van Dam et al.,), leaving open the question as to what level of language processing sensorimotor activations contribute. In this study, we investigated the time course of modality-specific contributions (i.e., the contribution of action information) as to word processing by manipulating both (a) the linguistic and (b) the action context in which target words were presented. Our results demonstrate that processes reflecting sensorimotor information play a role early in word processing (i.e., within 200 ms of word presentation), but that they are sensitive to the linguistic context in which a word is presented. In other words, when sensorimotor information is activated, it is activated quickly; however, specific words do not reliably activate a consistent sensorimotor pattern. PMID:25060917

van Dam, Wessel O; Brazil, Inti A; Bekkering, Harold; Rueschemeyer, Shirley-Ann

2014-07-01

229

A Cognitive Approach to Language Learning. Oxford Applied Linguistics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An examination of second language learning focuses on how universal cognitive processes in language learning and individual differences account for differences in language learning patterns. An introductory section gives background information suggesting that psycholinguistic factors in language learning should receive more attention for two…

Skehan, Peter

230

The Roles of "Second Life" in a College Computer-Assisted Language Learning (CALL) Course in Taiwan, ROC  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Various language learning projects using "Second Life" (SL) have been documented; still, their specific learning potentials, particularly in English as a foreign language (EFL) context, remain to be explored. The current study aims to add one piece of empirical evidence on how SL can be infused into a computer-assisted language learning (CALL)…

Liou, Hsien-Chin

2012-01-01

231

Reinforcement Learning in Young Adults with Developmental Language Impairment  

PubMed Central

The aim of the study was to examine reinforcement learning (RL) in young adults with developmental language impairment (DLI) within the context of a neurocomputational model of the basal ganglia-dopamine system (Frank et al., 2004). Two groups of young adults, one with DLI and the other without, were recruited. A probabilistic selection task was used to assess how participants implicitly extracted reinforcement history from the environment based on probabilistic positive/negative feedback. The findings showed impaired RL in individuals with DLI, indicating an altered gating function of the striatum in testing. However, they exploited similar learning strategies as comparison participants at the beginning of training, reflecting relatively intact functions of the prefrontal cortex to rapidly update reinforcement information. Within the context of Frank’s model, these results can be interpreted as evidence for alterations in the basal ganglia of individuals with DLI. PMID:22921956

Lee, Joanna C.; Tomblin, J. Bruce

2012-01-01

232

Why Are We Using Action Learning and in What Contexts?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the contexts in which action learning has been used and provide implications for the design of action learning programmes. We performed a content analysis of 127 articles (case studies and case reports included) published in "Action Learning: Research and Practice" between 2004 and 2012. In this study, we…

Park, Sunyoung; Kang, Ingu; Valencic, Taryn R.; Cho, Yonjoo

2013-01-01

233

Searching for the Cognitive Locus of Foreign Language Learning Difficulties: Linking First and Second Language Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A theoretical basis for a first-/second-language link is presented along with an explanation of why current global theories of language are incomplete. Implications for foreign language (FL) methodology and instruction for students with FL learning problems are addressed. (123 references) (LB)

Sparks, Richard; Ganschow, Leonore

1993-01-01

234

Language Form, Task-Based Language Teaching, and the Classroom Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, I examine some of the ideas about task-based language teaching (TBLT) which have emerged over the 17 years of the current editorship of ELTJ, focusing in particular on grammar and vocabulary, and enquiring to what degree these ideas take adequate account of classroom context. Over this period, TBLT scholars have built up a…

Batstone, Rob

2012-01-01

235

An Investigation into the Relationship of Foreign Language Learning Motivation and Sign Language Use among Deaf and Hard of Hearing Hungarians  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to point out the relationship between foreign language learning motivation and sign language use among hearing impaired Hungarians. In the article we concentrate on two main issues: first, to what extent hearing impaired people are motivated to learn foreign languages in a European context; second, to what extent sign…

Kontra, Edit H.; Csizer, Kata

2013-01-01

236

A Review of the Literature on Second Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review of the current literature on second language learning was to inform the following four questions: (1) what are the effects of learning a second language on the first language? (2) What is the role of content instruction in offering a second language? (3) What are the effects of learning a second language on students with special needs?…

Archibald, John; Roy, Sylvie; Harmel, Sandra; Jesney, Karen

2004-01-01

237

Socialization and Literacy in a Foreign Language: Learning through Interaction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Described is foreign-language instruction which stresses the socialization aspect of language learning by focusing on the interactional processes through which language is learned and different patterns of thought are acquired. (MT)

Kramsch, Claire J.

1987-01-01

238

Neurophysiological mechanisms involved in language learning in adults  

PubMed Central

Little is known about the brain mechanisms involved in word learning during infancy and in second language acquisition and about the way these new words become stable representations that sustain language processing. In several studies we have adopted the human simulation perspective, studying the effects of brain-lesions and combining different neuroimaging techniques such as event-related potentials and functional magnetic resonance imaging in order to examine the language learning (LL) process. In the present article, we review this evidence focusing on how different brain signatures relate to (i) the extraction of words from speech, (ii) the discovery of their embedded grammatical structure, and (iii) how meaning derived from verbal contexts can inform us about the cognitive mechanisms underlying the learning process. We compile these findings and frame them into an integrative neurophysiological model that tries to delineate the major neural networks that might be involved in the initial stages of LL. Finally, we propose that LL simulations can help us to understand natural language processing and how the recovery from language disorders in infants and adults can be accomplished. PMID:19933142

Rodriguez-Fornells, Antoni; Cunillera, Toni; Mestres-Misse, Anna; de Diego-Balaguer, Ruth

2009-01-01

239

Technology enhanced language learning: student motivation in computer assisted language learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this paper is to present a new investigation on the impact of implementing technology on Bulgarian students' motivation after a Computer Assisted Language Learning (CALL) course. It suggests designing and applying instruments for assessing the level of student motivation in order to analyze which aspects of computerized learning are motivating (or demotivating). The expected outcome is developing

Anelly Kremenska

2007-01-01

240

Language technologies in speech-enabled second language learning games : from reading to dialogue  

E-print Network

Second language learning has become an important societal need over the past decades. Given that the number of language teachers is far below demand, computer-aided language learning software is becoming a promising ...

Xu, Yushi, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01

241

The Role of Consciousness in Second Language Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summarizes recent psychological research and theory on the topic of consciousness, and looks at three questions in second-language learning related to the role of consciousness in input processing. The discussion involves the requirement in learning a second language of subliminal learning, implicit learning, and incidental learning. (142…

Schmidt, Richard W.

1990-01-01

242

Beyond the Four Walls: Community-Based Learning and Languages  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At a time when languages in universities are under pressure, community-based learning language courses can have many positive benefits: they can increase interest in language learning, they can foster greater engagement with learning, and they can encourage active learning, creativity and teamwork. These courses, which link the classroom and the…

O'Connor, Anne

2012-01-01

243

Developmental Comparisons of Implicit and Explicit Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Conventional wisdom holds that children learn languages implicitly whereas older learners learn languages explicitly, and some have claimed that after puberty only explicit language learning is possible. However, older learners often receive more explicit instruction than child L2 learners, which may affect their learning strategies. This study…

Lichtman, Karen

2013-01-01

244

Using Language Learning Conditions in Mathematics. PEN 68.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This pamphlet reports on a project in Tasmania exploring whether the "natural learning conditions" approach to language learning could be adapted for mathematics. The connections between language and mathematics, as well as the natural learning processes of language learning are described in the pamphlet. The project itself is described--small…

Stoessiger, Rex

245

The Influence of Integrating Technology in Language Learning Courses  

E-print Network

learning and personal engagement that benefits motivation, course satisfaction and enhances social experiences. Theories guiding this investigation included Gardner's Integrative theory of language learning involving social construction, cooperative...

Chen, Yulin

2011-04-26

246

The Cultural Context of Learning in International Joint Ventures.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of Chinese-Western joint business ventures showed that cultural context and different modes of managing and organizing must be considered. Successful joint ventures involve a process of collective, two-way learning. (SK)

Liu, Shimin; Vince, Russ

1999-01-01

247

Reusability of e-Learning Objects in the context of Learning Grids Reusability of eLearning Objects in the context  

E-print Network

Reusability of e-Learning Objects in the context of Learning Grids Reusability of eLearning Objects, Germany wulf@hlrs.de This paper examines the requirements for eLearning Object Metadata, in order current eLearning practices are well supported by the standard, the main insufficiencies concern a

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

248

Infant Contingency Learning in Different Cultural Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three-month-old Cameroonian Nso farmer and German middle-class infants were compared regarding learning and retention in a computerized mobile task. Infants achieving a preset learning criterion during reinforcement were tested for immediate and long-term retention measured in terms of an increased response rate after reinforcement and after a…

Graf, Frauke; Lamm, Bettina; Goertz, Claudia; Kolling, Thorsten; Freitag, Claudia; Spangler, Sibylle; Fassbender, Ina; Teubert, Manuel; Vierhaus, Marc; Keller, Heidi; Lohaus, Arnold; Schwarzer, Gudrun; Knopf, Monika

2012-01-01

249

PROGRAMMED LEARNING IN CENTRAL AFRICAN CONTEXTS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

SINCE 1964, THE PROGRAMMED LEARNING CENTRE AT THE UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF RHODESIA HAS BEEN INVESTIGATING THE POTENTIALITIES OF PROGRAMED LEARNING FOR CENTRAL AFRICA THROUGH A SERIES OF CONTROLLED EXPERIMENTS USING LOCALLY-WRITTEN AND PUBLISHED PROGRAMS. ASSESSMENT OF THE DESIRABILITY AND USEFULNESS OF PROGRAMS IN TEACHING, AND ASSESSMENT OF THEIR…

HAWKRIDGE, D.G.

250

A Heuristic Algorithm for Planning Personalized Learning Paths for Context-Aware Ubiquitous Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a context-aware ubiquitous learning environment, learning systems can detect students' learning behaviors in the real-world with the help of context-aware (sensor) technology; that is, students can be guided to observe or operate real-world objects with personalized support from the digital world. In this study, an optimization problem that…

Hwang, Gwo-Jen; Kuo, Fan-Ray; Yin, Peng-Yeng; Chuang, Kuo-Hsien

2010-01-01

251

Deep belief networks learn context dependent behavior.  

PubMed

With the goal of understanding behavioral mechanisms of generalization, we analyzed the ability of neural networks to generalize across context. We modeled a behavioral task where the correct responses to a set of specific sensory stimuli varied systematically across different contexts. The correct response depended on the stimulus (A,B,C,D) and context quadrant (1,2,3,4). The possible 16 stimulus-context combinations were associated with one of two responses (X,Y), one of which was correct for half of the combinations. The correct responses varied symmetrically across contexts. This allowed responses to previously unseen stimuli (probe stimuli) to be generalized from stimuli that had been presented previously. By testing the simulation on two or more stimuli that the network had never seen in a particular context, we could test whether the correct response on the novel stimuli could be generated based on knowledge of the correct responses in other contexts. We tested this generalization capability with a Deep Belief Network (DBN), Multi-Layer Perceptron (MLP) network, and the combination of a DBN with a linear perceptron (LP). Overall, the combination of the DBN and LP had the highest success rate for generalization. PMID:24671178

Raudies, Florian; Zilli, Eric A; Hasselmo, Michael E

2014-01-01

252

Blogs in English language teaching and learning 1 Blogs in English language teaching  

E-print Network

the physical classroom. Regular blogging also encourages more autonomous learning. When a student's audienceBlogs in English language teaching and learning 1 Blogs in English language teaching and learning to engage in online exchanges, thereby expanding their language study and learning community beyond

Chaudhuri, Sanjay

253

Creating an Authentic Learning Environment in the Foreign Language Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Theatrical activities are widely used by language educators to promote and facilitate language learning. Involving students in production of their own video or a short movie in the target language allows a seamless fusion of language learning, art, and popular culture. The activity is also conducive for creating an authentic learning situation…

Nikitina, Larisa

2011-01-01

254

Effective Learning in Dynamic Environments by Explicit Context Tracking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Daily experience shows that in the real world, the meaning of many conceptsheavily depends on some implicit context, and changes in that context can causeradical changes in the concepts. This paper introduces a method for incrementalconcept learning in dynamic environments where the target concepts may be contextdependentand may change drastically over time. The method has been implementedin a system called

Gerhard Widmer; Miroslav Kubat

1993-01-01

255

Context and repetition in word learning  

PubMed Central

Young children learn words from a variety of situations, including shared storybook reading. A recent study by Horst et al. (2011a) demonstrates that children learned more new words during shared storybook reading if they were read the same stories repeatedly than if they were read different stories that had the same number of target words. The current paper reviews this study and further examines the effect of contextual repetition on children's word learning in both shared storybook reading and other situations, including fast mapping by mutual exclusivity. The studies reviewed here suggest that the same cognitive mechanisms support word learning in a variety of situations. Both practical considerations for experimental design and directions for future research are discussed. PMID:23580347

Horst, Jessica S.

2013-01-01

256

Language Learning Strategies Instruction and Use in the Japanese Foreign Language Curriculum: A "Menu Approach."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Issues concerning language learning strategies instruction are discussed, and its use in second language education in Japan is encouraged. It is argued that language learning strategies, largely ignored in Japanese education, are useful but can only be realized by complementing the second language curriculum. The learning strategies concept is…

Rausch, Anthony S.

1998-01-01

257

Intuitive Network Applications: Learning User Context and Behavior  

E-print Network

scenarios that illustrate the use of the INA framework in the context of advertising and show how a user's learned habits and intentions can be used to provide targeted and timely advertisements to the user. We and present some details on machine learning directed at an advertising Introduction Driven by a need

Ho, Tin Kam

258

Making Sense of Learning to Teach: Learners in Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The focus of this paper is on student teachers' learning during the course of a one-year postgraduate programme and the importance of the interaction between learner identities and the contexts in which student teachers learn to teach: a relationship that is critical to our understanding of beginning teachers' development in whatever specific…

Mutton, Trevor; Burn, Katharine; Hagger, Hazel

2010-01-01

259

Knowledge management and learning in the organizational context  

E-print Network

63 Knowledge management and learning in the organizational context Albena Antonova, Elissaveta of knowledge management (KM) practices and initiatives has provided companies with new opportunities of knowledge are in the center of interest for both theories - learning and knowledge management. [6] relates

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

260

Similarity Attraction in Learning Contexts: An Empirical Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study tests a process model of learning in which trainer and trainee traits are simultaneously considered as endogenous variables of learning outcomes. The article builds on a social view of training and similarity-attraction paradigms. In this context, the authors hypothesize that trainer-trainee similarity in personality (agreeableness)…

Varela, Otmar E.; Cater, John James, III; Michel, Norbert

2011-01-01

261

Learning Situation Models for Providing Context-Aware Services  

E-print Network

Learning Situation Models for Providing Context- Aware Services O. Brdiczka, J. L. Crowley, P. Such services must be able to perceive and make sense of human activities, and respond and learn from implicit}@inrialpes.fr In order to provide information and communication services without disrupting human activity, information

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

262

Mobile Learning: Using SMS in Educational Contexts Adelina Moura1  

E-print Network

projects by SMS described above. 2 Mobile Learning: a New Concept in Education The use of mobile phonesMobile Learning: Using SMS in Educational Contexts Adelina Moura1 , Ana Am�lia Carvalho2 University. The Short Message Service (SMS) technology is one of the most powerful mobile technologies in current usage

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

263

Word learning under adverse listening conditions: Context-specific recognition  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous studies of word learning have presented the items to listeners under ideal conditions. Here we ask how listeners learn new vocabulary items under adverse listening conditions. Would listeners form acoustically-specific representations that incorporated the noise, base their representations on noise-free language knowledge, or both? To address these questions, listeners learned 16 words as labels for unfamiliar shapes presented on

Sarah C. Creel; Richard N. Aslin; Michael K. Tanenhaus

2012-01-01

264

Word learning under adverse listening conditions: Context-specific recognition  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous studies of word learning have presented the items to listeners under ideal conditions. Here we ask how listeners learn new vocabulary items under adverse listening conditions. Would listeners form acoustically-specific representations that incorporated the noise, base their representations on noise-free language knowledge, or both? To address these questions, listeners learned 16 words as labels for unfamiliar shapes presented on

Sarah C. Creel; Richard N. Aslin; Michael K. Tanenhaus

2011-01-01

265

Adaptation of the Students' Motivation towards Science Learning (SMTSL) Questionnaire in the Greek Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study aimed at adapting in the Greek language the Students' Motivation Towards Science Learning (SMTSL) questionnaire developed by Tuan, Chin, and Shieh ("INT J SCI EDUC" 27(6): 639-654, 2005a) into a different cultural context, a different age group, that is, in university students and with a focus on physics learning.…

Dermitzaki, Irini; Stavroussi, Panayiota; Vavougios, Denis; Kotsis, Konstantinos T.

2013-01-01

266

Content and Language Integrated Learning through an Online Game in Primary School: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper an educational design proposal is presented which combines two well established teaching approaches, that of Game-based Learning (GBL) and Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL). The context of the proposal was the design of an educational geography computer game, utilizing QR Codes and Google Earth for teaching English…

Dourda, Kyriaki; Bratitsis, Tharrenos; Griva, Eleni; Papadopoulou, Penelope

2014-01-01

267

The role of the output in language learning  

E-print Network

This study uses linguistic output to identify cognitive processes of language learning, i.e. the internalization of specific language components and metalinguistic or metacognitive learning mechanisms. Given that these processes are present...

Simoes, Antonio Roberto Monteiro

2012-01-01

268

Lexical learning in sung and spoken story script contexts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although most children seem to love music, our understanding of the role it plays in facilitating speech and language learning is limited, as is research validating its efficacy in the clinical setting. The purpose of this study was to examine how singing affects children’s quick incidental learning (QUIL) of novel vocabulary terms. Sixteen children with language delay and mild developmental

Theresa A. Kouri; Jennifer Winn

2006-01-01

269

From Learning Region to Learning in a Socio-spatial Context  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rutten R. and Boekema F. From learning region to learning in a socio-spatial context, Regional Studies. Conceptually ambiguous and too intimately connected to regional innovation policy, the ‘learning region’ failed to develop into a mature concept. This paper and the special issue it introduces take stock of advances in the learning region literature of the past twenty years. It then

R. P. J. H. Rutten; Frans Boekema

2012-01-01

270

Context as Support for Learning Computer Organization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ubiquity of personal computational devices in the lives of today's students presents a meaningful context for courses in computer organization beyond the general-purpose or imaginary processors routinely used. This article presents results of a comparative study examining student performance in a conventional organization course and in one…

Tew, Allison Elliott; Dorn, Brian; Leahy, William D., Jr.; Guzdial, Mark

2008-01-01

271

Mathematical Learning in a Context of Play  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article we analyse a didactical situation centred on the creation and use of a symbolic play environment in a class of pupils aged five and six years-old. The main source of data for this paper comes from an experimentation planned in relation to the following research question: does symbolic play in simulated contexts help pupils to…

Edo, Meque; Planas, Nuria; Badillo, Edelmira

2009-01-01

272

Dyslexia and learning a foreign language: a personal experience.  

PubMed

Individuals with dyslexia can expect to have difficulties learning a second language since second language learning builds on native language learning. The factors that have a negative impact on learning one's native language have a similar impact on learning a foreign language (e.g., difficulties with phonemic awareness, retrieving and processing linguistic information, working memory, metalinguistic explanations, stabilizing sound-symbol relationships). This participant observer report provides (1) a brief review of research on how dyslexia complicates learning a second language; (2) a description of how dyslexia has affected my educational experiences; (3) a description of personal experiences learning a foreign language between 1992-1998; and (4) recommendations for individuals with dyslexia who are faced with fulfilling a foreign language requirement and for their foreign language instructors. PMID:20563784

Simon, C S

2000-01-01

273

Adventure Learning: Situating Learning in an Authentic Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, Aaron Doering describes an adventure learning project that connected students to explorers and researchers participating in a trans-Arctic dogsled expedition. Adventure learning (AL) uses a hybrid online educational environment to provide students with opportunities to explore real-world issues through authentic learning

Doering, Aaron

2007-01-01

274

Spatial and context awareness for mobile learning in a museum  

E-print Network

The MOBIlearn project aims to develop a re-usable architecture for delivering mobile learning experiences. A key component of this architecture is a context-awareness subsystem that is intended to tailor the content and options made available to a learner, depending on their current situation, preferences, and learning history. The context awareness subsystem has been developed alongside a hierarchical model of context, and has been subjected to formative evaluation. A major input to the context awareness system comes from an ultrasound tracking system that has been developed at the University of Birmingham. This tracking system is being deployed along with the context awareness system to support learners in a visit to an art museum. The system is intended to offer not only content but also recommendations of collaborative activities based on physical and contextual proximity We describe our system and outline our plans for evaluation in the museum setting.

Peter Lonsdale; Will Byrne; Russell Beale; Mike Sharples; Chris Baber

275

Does learning in clinical context in anatomical sciences improve examination results, learning motivation, or learning orientation?  

PubMed

The preclinical compulsory elective course "Ready for the Operating Room (OR)!?" [in German]: "Fit für den OP (FOP)"] was implemented for students in their second year, who were simultaneously enrolled in the gross anatomy course. The objective of the study was to determine whether the direct practical application of anatomical knowledge within the surgical context of the course led to any improvement in learning motivation, learning orientation, and ultimately examination results in the gross anatomy course, as compared with a control group. Within the scope of five teaching sessions, the students learned surgical hand disinfection, suturing techniques, and the identification of commonly used surgical instruments. In addition, the students attended five surgical demonstrations performed by surgical colleagues on cadavers. Successful learning of these basic skills was then assessed based on an Objectively Structured Practical Examination. Learning motivation and learning orientation in both subgroups was determined using the SELLMO-ST motivation test and the Approaches and Study Skills Inventory test. While a significant increase in work avoidance was identified in the control group, this was not the case for FOP participants. Similarly, an increase in the "deep approach" to learning, as well as a decrease in the "surface approach," was able to be documented among the FOP participants following completion of the course. The results suggest that students enrolled in the gross anatomy course, who were simultaneously provided with the opportunity to learn in clinical context, were more likely to be successful at maintaining learning motivation and learning orientation required for the learning process, than students who attended the gross anatomy course alone. PMID:23733503

Böckers, Anja; Mayer, Christian; Böckers, Tobias Maria

2014-01-01

276

Exploring Content Teachers' Knowledge of Language Pedagogy: A Report on a Small-Scale Research Project in a Dutch CLIL Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship between language pedagogy and the content and language integrated learning (CLIL) classroom is a key issue for research into CLIL. In the Netherlands, as in other European contexts, non-native speakers of a target language with a non-language teaching background teach CLIL content lessons. Whilst CLIL teachers teaching their…

Koopman, Gerrit Jan; Skeet, Jason; de Graaff, Rick

2014-01-01

277

Dynamic Learning Objects to Teach Java Programming Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a model for teaching Java Programming Language through Dynamic Learning Objects. The design of the learning objects was based on effective learning design principles to help students learn the complex topic of Java Programming. Visualization was also used to facilitate the learning of the concepts. (Contains 1 figure and 2…

Narasimhamurthy, Uma; Al Shawkani, Khuloud

2010-01-01

278

Is CALL Obsolete? Language Acquisition and Language Learning Revisited in a Digital Age  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, Huw Jarvis and Stephen Krashen ask "Is CALL Obsolete?" When the term CALL (Computer-Assisted Language Learning) was introduced in the 1960s, the language education profession knew only about language learning, not language acquisition, and assumed the computer's primary contribution to second language acquisition…

Jarvis, Huw; Krashen, Stephen

2014-01-01

279

Learning and the Development of Contexts for Action  

PubMed Central

Neurophysiological evidence from animal studies suggests that frontal corticolimbic systems support early stages of learning, whereas later stages involve context representation formed in hippocampus and posterior cingulate cortex. In dense-array EEG studies of human learning, we observed brain activity in medial prefrontal cortex (the medial frontal negativity or MFN) was not only observed in early stages, but, surprisingly, continued to increase as learning progressed. In the present study we investigated this finding by examining MFN amplitude as participants learned an arbitrary associative learning task over three sessions. On the fourth session the same task with new stimuli was presented to assess changes in MFN amplitude. The results showed that MFN amplitude continued to increase with practice over the first three sessions, in contrast to P3 amplitudes. Even when participants were presented with new stimuli in session 4, MFN amplitude was larger than that observed in the first session. Furthermore, MFN activity from the third session predicted learning rate in the fourth session. The results point to an interaction between early and late stages in which learning results in corticolimbic consolidation of cognitive context models that facilitate new learning in similar contexts. PMID:22163216

Luu, Phan; Jiang, Zhongqing; Poulsen, Catherine; Mattson, Chelsea; Smith, Anne; Tucker, Don M.

2011-01-01

280

Learning Languages from Interactive Television: Language Learners reflect on Techniques and Technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interactive television (iTV) is a new media technology that has great potential for supporting language learning, particularly for independent adult learners. However, in order for it to succeed it needs to fit in with these learners' approaches to language learning. While there is an extensive literature on many other aspects of language learning and teaching, particularly in classroom settings, we

Sanaz Fallahkhair; Judith Masthoff; Lyn Pemberton

281

Personalised Context-Aware Ubiquitous Learning System for Supporting Effective English Vocabulary Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because learning English is extremely popular in non-native English speaking countries, developing modern assisted-learning schemes that facilitate effective English learning is a critical issue in English-language education. Vocabulary learning is vital within English learning because vocabulary comprises the basic building blocks of English…

Chen, Chih-Ming; Li, Yi-Lun

2010-01-01

282

Global Language Identities and Ideologies in an Indonesian University Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This ethnographic study of language use and English language learners in Central Java, Indonesia examines globalization processes within and beyond language; processes of language shift and change in language ecologies; and critical and comprehensive approaches to the teaching of English around the world. From my position as teacher-researcher and…

Zentz, Lauren

2012-01-01

283

From Action to Insight: A Professional Learning Community's Experiences with the European Language Portfolio  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper focuses on an action research project set in the context of one professional learning community's (PLC's) exploration of the Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR) and the European Language Portfolio (ELP). Teachers of second and foreign languages in a large urban high school examined the potential of principles and tools related…

Kristmanson, Paula Lee; Lafargue, Chantal; Culligan, Karla

2011-01-01

284

Social Class, Habitus, and Language Learning: The Case of Korean Early Study-Abroad Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, I draw on Bourdieu's (1984, 1991) notion of "habitus" in order to explore the relationship between social class, language learning, and language teaching in the context of the global economy. To illustrate my points, I use "Early Study Abroad" (ESA), the transnational educational migration that Korean…

Shin, Hyunjung

2014-01-01

285

Using Conceptual Metaphor and Functional Grammar to Explore How Language Used in Physics Affects Student Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper introduces a theory about the role of language in learning physics. The theory is developed in the context of physics students and physicists talking and writing about the subject of quantum mechanics. We found that physicists' language encodes different varieties of analogical models through the use of grammar and conceptual metaphor.…

Brookes, David T.; Etkina, Eugenia

2007-01-01

286

Teacher Professional Development through Collaborative Action Research: Impact on Foreign English-Language Teaching and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2011 we, a group of English-as-a-foreign-language teachers at a secondary school in Argentina, decided to investigate our teaching practices through collaborative action research so as to improve our students' learning opportunities and thus revitalise English-language teaching in our context. We implemented and evaluated the integration of…

Banegas, Dario; Pavese, Anahi; Velazquez, Aurelia; Velez, Sandra Maria

2013-01-01

287

The role of context specificity in learning: the effects of training context on explosives detection in dogs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various experiments revealed that if an animal learns a stimulus–response–reinforcer relationship in one context and is then tested in another context there is usually a lessening of stimulus control, and the same discriminative stimuli that reliably controlled the behavior in the first context will have less effect in the new context. This reduction in performance is known as the “context

Irit Gazit; Allen Goldblatt; Joseph Terkel

2005-01-01

288

Executive Function Predicts Artificial Language Learning in Children and Adults  

E-print Network

learners. The goal of the current studies was to test whether executive function abilities predict novel artificial language learning outcomes among children and adults. An artificial language was used to simulate the processes involved in natural language...

Kapa, Leah Lynn

2013-12-31

289

Context dependent learning in the serial RT task  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the development of contextual dependencies for sequential perceptual-motor learning on static features\\u000a in the learning environment. In three experiments we assessed the effect of manipulating task irrelevant static context features\\u000a in a serial reaction-time task. Experiment 1 demonstrated impaired performance after simultaneously changing display color,\\u000a placeholder shape, and placeholder location. Experiment 2 showed that this effect was

Elger L. Abrahamse; Willem B. Verwey

2008-01-01

290

Context Learning and the Effect of Context on Memory Retrieval in Lymnaea  

PubMed Central

Aerial respiratory behavior in Lymnaea was operantly conditioned so that the animals perform aerial respiration significantly less often. Using the standard training procedure (pond water made hypoxic by bubbling N2 through it) both food-deprived and fed animals learned and exhibited long-term memory (LTM). However, food-deprived animals exhibited neither learning nor memory when trained under a condition in which the hypoxic pond water also contained a food odorant (carrot, the food-odorant procedure). Fed animals, however, learned and exhibited LTM with the food-odorant procedure. Thus, the presence of the food odorant per se did not prevent learning or the establishment of LTM. Further experimentation, however, revealed that the ability of the snails to have recall (i.e., memory) for the learned behavior was dependent on the context in which memory was tested. That is, if animals were trained with the food-odorant procedure they could only exhibit recall if tested in the food-odorant context and vice versa with the standard training procedure. Thus, although fed animals could learn and show LTM with either training and testing procedure, LTM could only be seen when they were tested in the context in which they were trained. PMID:11160762

Haney, James; Lukowiak, Ken

2001-01-01

291

Language generation and speech synthesis in dialogues for language learning  

E-print Network

Since 1989, the Spoken Language Systems group has developed an array of applications that allow users to interact with computers using natural spoken language. A recent project of interest is to develop an interactive ...

Zhang, Julia, 1981-

2004-01-01

292

Usability and Pedagogical Design: are Language Learning Websites Special?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the usability of e-learning websites, with particular reference to foreign language learning. Notions and concepts of usab ility are analyzed, and a definition of 'pedagogical usability' is proposed. The key issue is whether there are aspects of pedagogical usability that are discipline-specific. The paper examines the way in which language learning and teaching, in particular Technology Enhanced

Agnes Kukulska-Hulme; Lesley Shield

2003-01-01

293

Computer-Assisted Language Learning: Diversity in Research and Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Computer-assisted language learning (CALL) is an approach to teaching and learning languages that uses computers and other technologies to present, reinforce, and assess material to be learned, or to create environments where teachers and learners can interact with one another and the outside world. This book provides a much-needed overview of the…

Stockwell, Glenn, Ed.

2012-01-01

294

Machine Learning in Natural Language Georgios P. Petasis  

E-print Network

Machine Learning in Natural Language Processing Georgios P. Petasis Software and Knowledge@iit.demokritos.gr Abstract. This thesis examines the use of machine learning techniques in various tasks of natural language-entity recog- nition, and b) the creation of a new machine learning algorithm and its assessment on synthetic

Kouroupetroglou, Georgios

295

Lexical Learning in Sung and Spoken Story Script Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although most children seem to love music, our understanding of the role it plays in facilitating speech and language learning is limited, as is research validating its efficacy in the clinical setting. The purpose of this study was to examine how singing affects children's quick incidental learning (QUIL) of novel vocabulary terms. Sixteen…

Kouri, Theresa A.; Winn, Jennifer

2006-01-01

296

Word Learning under Adverse Listening Conditions: Context-Specific Recognition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous studies of word learning have presented the items to listeners under ideal conditions. Here we ask how listeners learn new vocabulary items under adverse listening conditions. Would listeners form acoustically-specific representations that incorporated the noise, base their representations on noise-free language knowledge, or both? To…

Creel, Sarah C.; Aslin, Richard N.; Tanenhaus, Michael K.

2012-01-01

297

Establishing a learning foundation in a dynamically changing world: Insights from artificial language work  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is argued that infants build a foundation for learning about the world through their incidental acquisition of the spatial and temporal regularities surrounding them. A challenge is that learning occurs across multiple contexts whose statistics can greatly differ. Two artificial language studies with 12-month-olds demonstrate that infants come prepared to parse statistics across contexts using the temporal and perceptual features that distinguish one context from another. These results suggest that infants can organize their statistical input with a wider range of features that typically considered. Possible attention, decision making, and memory mechanisms are discussed.

Gonzales, Kalim

298

On the Relationship between Gender and Perceptual Language Learning Styles: The Case of Iranian Academic EFL Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the past few decades, research on gender and language learning styles (LLSs) across various EFL/ESL contexts has received remarkable attention. From these studies, a multitude of contradictory and heterogeneous findings has been observed which justify additional research in SLA contexts in general and EFL contexts like Iran in particular.…

Aliakbari, Mohammad; Tazik, Khalil

2011-01-01

299

On the relationship between gender and perceptual language learning styles: the case of Iranian academic EFL learners  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the past few decades, research on gender and language learning styles (LLSs) across various EFL\\/ESL contexts has received remarkable attention. From these studies, a multitude of contradictory and heterogeneous findings has been observed which justify additional research in SLA contexts in general and EFL contexts like Iran in particular. Hence, the present study attempted to explore the relationship between

Mohammad Aliakbari; Khalil Tazik

2011-01-01

300

Service-Learning: An Innovative Approach for Second Language Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on service-learning programs has detailed the benefits of service-learning for White, English-only, college preparatory students. However, rarely has research focused on the impacts of service-learning on Hispanic, second language learners. In part, this is due to the low participation rate of these students in service-learning programs.…

Grassi, Elizabeth; Hanley, Daniel; Liston, Daniel

2004-01-01

301

Implicit Statistical Learning and Language Skills in Bilingual Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Implicit statistical learning in 2 nonlinguistic domains (visual and auditory) was used to investigate (a) whether linguistic experience influences the underlying learning mechanism and (b) whether there are modality constraints in predicting implicit statistical learning with age and language skills. Method: Implicit statistical learning

Yim, Dongsun; Rudoy, John

2013-01-01

302

Storytelling, behavior planning, and language evolution in context  

PubMed Central

An attempt is made to specify the structure of the hominin bands that began steps to language. Storytelling could evolve without need for language yet be strongly subject to natural selection and could provide a major feedback process in evolving language. A storytelling model is examined, including its effects on the evolution of consciousness and the possible timing of language evolution. Behavior planning is presented as a model of language evolution from storytelling. The behavior programming mechanism in both directions provide a model of creating and understanding behavior and language. Culture began with societies, then family evolution, family life in troops, but storytelling created a culture of experiences, a final step in the long process of achieving experienced adults by natural selection. Most language evolution occurred in conversations where evolving non-verbal feedback ensured mutual agreements on understanding. Natural language evolved in conversations with feedback providing understanding of changes. PMID:25360123

McBride, Glen

2014-01-01

303

Multilingualism in the Workplace: Language Practices in Multilingual Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The modern workplace is international and multilingual. Both white and blue collar employees are expected to be mobile, work increasingly in (virtual) teams (Gee et al. 1996) and to address complex organisational issues in a language that, often, is not their first language (L1). This results in a number of languages forming the ecosystem of…

Angouri, Jo

2014-01-01

304

Community Language Promotion in Remote Contexts: Case Study on Cameroon  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In situations of extreme linguistic diversity, language promotion can be a very challenging undertaking. Decades of educational colonisation and foreign language dominance have produced inferiority complexes so that local or indigenous languages (Cameroonian mother tongues), because of their unofficial status, are perceived as liabilities rather…

Chiatoh, Blasius Agha-ah

2014-01-01

305

Designing Environments for Teaching and Learning History in Multilingual Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational interventions designed to serve the needs of English language learners (ELLs) in U.S. public schools are developed within a fractured social context. Recent language and immigration policy debates in the U.S. have focused on the importance of English in attaining socio-economic success. On the other hand, research in applied…

Achugar, Mariana

2009-01-01

306

Using the Learners-as-Ethnographers Approach to Enhance Intercultural Learning among American College Students Learning Chinese as a Foreign Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored how the learners-as-ethnographers (LAE) approach facilitated intercultural learning among American students learning Chinese as a foreign language. Two research questions addressed the effectiveness of the LAE approach and students' learning experiences in a non-immersion context. I designed six ethnographic tasks for the…

Lu, Minhui

2012-01-01

307

Learning behavioural patterns in a mobile context using smartphones  

E-print Network

Learning behavioural patterns in a mobile context using smartphones Jakub Ratajczak Kongens Lyngby based on the audio data collected by the smartphone devices. The system allows to detect whether two data recorded by the smartphone's built-in microphone as a source of information to analyze. Smartphone

308

Adults as a Context for Social Learning in Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of tests is a well-established tradition in the study of children's learning. Most of these tests claim to establish a child's general understanding, independent of situations and well-known contexts. I have studied narratives told by a four-year-old boy who failed to pass a false belief test (a test designed to examine whether a child is…

Gjems, Liv

2009-01-01

309

How Visual and Semantic Information Influence Learning in Familiar Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous research using the contextual cuing paradigm has revealed both quantitative and qualitative differences in learning depending on whether repeated contexts are defined by letter arrays or real-world scenes. To clarify the relative contributions of visual features and semantic information likely to account for such differences, the typical…

Goujon, Annabelle; Brockmole, James R.; Ehinger, Krista A.

2012-01-01

310

Improving Research on Mathematics Learning and Teaching in Rural Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An adequate research base for mathematics learning and teaching in rural areas does not exist. According to Silver (2001), mathematics education research has virtually ignored rural context, even though approximately one third of the nation's population lives in rural areas. Mathematics education and rural education researchers seem to have little…

Bush, William S.

2005-01-01

311

Context Effects in the Teaching-Learning Process.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of research findings on context variables in the classroom and their effects on student achievement provided a framework upon which to base conclusions on the following factors pertaining to effective teaching: (1) teacher control of the classroom; (2) adjustment of teacher control of learning activities to student abilities; (3)…

Soar, Robert S.; Soar, Ruth M.

312

Children's Learning in the Diverse Sociocultural Context of South Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children develop in several interlocking systems--in the context of their family, and within the interaction of such settings as home, school, and church (Russell, 2011). In South Africa, children's diverse backgrounds within families, neighborhoods, and sociocultural environments provide them with varied experiences and opportunities to learn.…

Chikovore, Jeremiah; Makusha, Tawanda; Muzvidziwa, Irene; Richter, Linda

2012-01-01

313

Learning in Authentic Contexts: Projects Integrating Spatial Technologies and Fieldwork  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, professional practice has been an issue of concern in higher education. The purpose of this study is to design students' projects to facilitate collaborative learning in authentic contexts. Ten students majoring in Management Information Systems conducted fieldwork with spatial technologies to collect data and provided information…

Huang, Kuo-Hung

2011-01-01

314

Promoting Lifelong Learning in Multilingual Context: A Case from Nepal  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nepal is a multilingual country with low adult literacy rate (about 57% in 2008). Through different policy documents and motivation from some of the transnational organizations such as UNESCO, Nepal is on the process of adopting lifelong learning perspective as a major educational policy. In this context the article raises two issues: how to…

Regmi, Kapil Dev

2011-01-01

315

Satisfaction in E-Learning: The Context of Supplementary Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate how to measure student satisfaction and how its elements influence on its overall perspective earned in e-learning (EL). This study focuses on the context where EL is used as a supplementary tool to enhance instruction. Design/methodology/approach: This study focuses on undergraduate courses…

Siritongthaworn, Sawai; Krairit, Donyaprueth

2006-01-01

316

Language Learning and Its Impact on the Brain: Connecting Language Learning with the Mind Through Content-Based Instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cognitive sciences are discovering many things that educators have always intuitively known about language learning. However, the important point is actively using this new information to improve both student learning and current teaching practices. The implications of neuroscience for educational reform regarding second language (L2) learning can clearly be seen in the following categories: brain structures and the corpus callosum;

Teresa J. Kennedy

2006-01-01

317

Dyslexia and Learning a Foreign Language: A Personal Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This participant observer report reviews research on how dyslexia complicates learning a second language, a description of how dyslexia has affected educational experiences, personal experiences learning a foreign language, and recommendations to individuals with dyslexia who are faced with fulfilling a foreign language requirement and their…

Simon, Charlann S.

2000-01-01

318

From Pedagogically Relevant Corpora to Authentic Language Learning Contents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The potential of corpora for language learning and teaching has been widely acknowledged and their ready availability on the Web has facilitated access for a broad range of users, including language teachers and learners. However, the integration of corpora into general language learning and teaching practice has so far been disappointing. In this…

Braun, Sabine

2005-01-01

319

Individual Differences and Universals in Language Learning Aptitude.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following articles are included: (1) "Neurolinguistic Considerations on the Optimum Age for Second Language Learning" by Terence M. Walsh and Karl C. Diller; (2) "Major Variation in Language Skills Apparently under Genetic Influence (Discussed from the Viewpoint of Human Evolution)" by Brenda K. Sladen; (3) "Language Learning Strategies: Does…

Diller, Karl C., Ed.

320

The Distance Learning of Foreign Languages: A Research Agenda  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research into the distance learning of languages is now established as a significant avenue of enquiry in language teaching, with evident research trajectories in several domains. This article selects and analyses significant areas of investigation in distance language learning and teaching to identify new and emerging gaps, along with research…

White, Cynthia

2014-01-01

321

FOREIGN LANGUAGE LEARNING, A BEGINNING NOT AN END.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

COMMUNICATION, THE GOAL OF FOREIGN LANGUAGE LEARNING, CANNOT BE ACHIEVED MERELY BY THE DEVELOPMENT OF LINGUISTIC SKILLS, FOR THAT IS ONLY THE BEGINNING OF COMMUNICATION. LANGUAGE CONSISTS OF SPEECH PATTERNS WHICH CAN BE LEARNED THROUGH PATTERN DRILLS, BUT BECAUSE LANGUAGE CANNOT BE SEPARATED FROM ITS CULTURE, THE DRILLS MUST BE DRAWN FROM THE…

KNOLL, SAMSON B.

322

Multinational Schools as Language Learning Media. Publication B-86.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Several aspects of international education are discussed under the following headings: (1) the development of multinational schooling, (2) types of multinational schools, (3) aims and structure of multinational schools, (4) language learning, (5) language problems, and (6) improving the language learning potential. Historically, multinational…

Mackey, William F.

323

How Artefacts Mediate Small-Group Co-Creation Activities in a Mobile-Assisted Seamless Language Learning Environment?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The rich learning resources and contexts learners experience in their everyday life could play important roles in complementing formal learning, but are often neglected by learners and teachers. In this paper, we present an intervention study in "Move, Idioms!", a mobile-assisted Chinese language learning approach that emphasizes contextualized…

Wong, L. -H.; Chen, W.; Jan, M.

2012-01-01

324

Ojibwe Language Revitalization, Multimedia Technology, and Family Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although Indigenous language loss and revitalization are not new topics of academic work nor new areas of community activism (e.g., King, 2001; Grenoble & Whaley, 2006), increased attention has been paid in recent years to the ways that new technology can support efforts to teach and renew endangered languages such as Ojibwe. However, much of the…

Hermes, Mary; King, Kendall A.

2013-01-01

325

Language Learning Disabilities: The Ultimate Foreign Language Challenge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In today's world where great value is placed on global understanding, the acquisition of languages is essential. Academics would agree that the study of other languages provides students access to the cultural and intellectual heritage of cultures other than their own. Additionally, such study gives new and different perspectives on the structure…

DiFino, Sharon M.; Lombardino, Linda J.

2004-01-01

326

Collaborative Language Learning for Professional Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Institutions of higher education realise the importance of the role of learning organisations in terms of providing personnel training and updating. Yet further consideration should be given to flexible and accessible means for meeting the growing request for continuous learning. Jason Hughes describes an organization's capability to "learn how to…

Mesh, Linda Joy

2010-01-01

327

Investigating Pragmatic Language Learning in Foreign Language Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A lot of research addressing learners' development of pragmatics has recently been conducted (Kasper and Schmidt 1996; Bardovi-Harlig, 2002; Kasper and Rose 2002). From this same approach, a review of theoretical perspectives on pragmatic learning and how they have been operationalised in interlanguage pragmatic research is presented. Second, by…

Soler, Eva Alcon

2008-01-01

328

A Working Model for Intercultural Learning and Engagement in Collaborative Online Language Learning Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given the emerging focus on the intercultural dimension in language teaching and learning, language educators have been exploring the use of information and communications technology ICT-mediated language learning environments to link learners in intercultural language learning communities around the globe. Despite the potential promise of…

Lawrence, Geoff

2013-01-01

329

Language Learning and Control in Monolinguals and Bilinguals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parallel language activation in bilinguals leads to competition between languages. Experience managing this interference may aid novel language learning by improving the ability to suppress competition from known languages. To investigate the effect of bilingualism on the ability to control native-language interference, monolinguals and bilinguals…

Bartolotti, James; Marian, Viorica

2012-01-01

330

Students' Language Learning Strategy Use and Achievement in the Korean as a Foreign Language Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationship between student strategy use and the development of proficiency in a Korean as a Foreign Language classroom. A total of 66 English native speakers learning Korean as a Foreign Language were administered the Strategy Inventory for Language Learning (SILL), Version 5.1. Findings indicated a low positive…

Murray, Bokyung

2010-01-01

331

Learning Languages from Interactive Television: Language Learners reflect on Techniques and Technologies  

E-print Network

Page 4336 Learning Languages from Interactive Television: Language Learners reflect on Techniques.Fallahkhair, Judith.Masthoff, Lyn.Pemberton}@brighton.ac.uk Interactive television (iTV) is a new media technology learners undertaken as part of a project to develop iTV services for language learning. New technologies

Masthoff, Judith

332

Enhancing Computer Assisted Language Learning via the World Wide Web for English Language Teaching  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computer -assisted -language - learning or CALL is one of a number of names to describe the way that computers are used to complement (although not necessarily to replace) classroom instruction. CALL is just one aspect of TELL, or technology enhanced language learning. Though imaginative explorations of computers have included the creation of interactive multi media environments for English language

Varsha Basheer

2011-01-01

333

It takes two to talk: a second-person neuroscience approach to language learning.  

PubMed

Language is a social act. We have previously argued that language remains embedded in sociality because the motivation to communicate exists only within a social context. Schilbach et al. underscore the importance of studying linguistic behavior from within the motivated, socially interactive frame in which it is learnt and used, as well as provide testable hypotheses for a participatory, second-person neuroscience approach to language learning. PMID:23883769

Syal, Supriya; Anderson, Adam K

2013-08-01

334

Wigham, C.R. ( paratre, juin 2013). Review of Contemporary Computer-Assisted Language Learning, Language Learning and Technology.  

E-print Network

by the technologies available, and in a multipronged fashion, by trends in SLA and other language education theories trends are moving beyond learner interaction datasets, in large part due to new uses of technology, Language Learning and Technology. REVIEW OF CONTEMPORARY COMPUTER-ASSISTED LANGUAGE LEARNING Book reference

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

335

Phonetic learning as a pathway to language: new data and native language magnet theory  

E-print Network

directions. Better native language skill at 7.5 months of age predicts faster language advancement, whereas and non- native phonetic perception at 7.5 months of age predicts language growth over the next 2 yearsPhonetic learning as a pathway to language: new data and native language magnet theory expanded

336

The context of clinical teaching and learning in Australia.  

PubMed

Gaining clinical experience for an extended period of time in teaching hospitals is one of the enduring strengths of medical education. Teaching hospitals have recently faced significant challenges, with increasing specialisation of services and workload pressures reducing clinical learning opportunities. New clinical teaching environments have been established in Australia, particularly in rural and regional areas; these are proving to be ideal contexts for student learning. The new clinical teaching environments have shown the importance of developing symbiotic relationships between universities and health services. Symbiotic clinical learning is built around longitudinal, patient-based learning emphasising priority health concerns. The symbiotic framework provides a basis for reconstructing clinical teaching in teaching hospitals so th@they continue to play a vital role in Australian medical education, with additional clinical experience provided by primary care and community, rural and regional hospitals. PMID:22509881

Ash, Julie K; Walters, Lucie K; Prideaux, David J; Wilson, Ian G

2012-04-16

337

A taxonomy of situated language in natural contexts  

E-print Network

This thesis develops a multi-modal dataset consisting of transcribed speech along with the locations in which that speech took place. Speech with location attached is called situated language, and is represented here as ...

Shaw, George Macaulay

2011-01-01

338

Seminar in Language and Language Learning. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Collected here are ten unpublished work papers from a 1962 Seminar in Seattle, held for the purpose of evaluating the interdisciplinary needs of the doctoral candidate who is receiving special training to organize the teaching of foreign languages in schools and universities. Authors are Dwight L. Bolinger (linguistics), John B. Carroll (programed…

Washington Univ., Seattle.

339

Chomsky: Selected Readings. Language and Language Learning Series, No. 31.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this collection of Noam Chomsky's writings over the past 12 years is to present the main outlines of transformational theory, using as far as possible Chomsky's own words, but arranged in such a way that a non-specialist will have no difficulty in following the text. The topics covered include syntax, phonology, semantics, and language

Allen, J. P. B., Ed.; Van Buren, Paul, Ed.

340

Aligning context-based statistical models of language with brain activity during reading  

E-print Network

Aligning context-based statistical models of language with brain activity during reading Leila for incoming words given the context. On the other hand, brain imaging studies have sug- gested that during reading, the brain (a) continu- ously builds a context from the successive words and every time

Knight, Kevin

341

Service-Learning: A Language of "We"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on service-learning, a method whereby students learn and develop through active participation in thoughtfully organized service that is conducted in and meets the needs of communities. It is coordinated with an elementary school, secondary school, institution of higher education, or community service program and the…

Taylor, Pamela G.; Ballengee-Morris, Christine

2004-01-01

342

Individualistic and Collectivistic Approaches to Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mediated learning describes what parents and teachers do to teach and includes four components: (1) intent to teach; (2) competence; (3) transcendence to promote high level thinking; and (4) mediation of meaning, helping children to focus on the importance of what is being focused on. Mediated learning is assumed to be universal for all cultural…

Pena, Elizabeth D.; Mendez-Perez, Anita

2006-01-01

343

Glossary: The Language of Teaching and Learning  

E-print Network

Designing instructional materials by first setting learning goals then determining what outcome would knowledge and theory. Make It Personal: Ask students to identify a real world example of a particular concept or theory. Alignment Ensuring that activities and assessment meet your learning goals. Assessment

Champagne, Frances A.

344

Tandem Language Learning through a Cross-Cultural Keypal Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Patterns of students' language learning were examined through an asynchronous cross-cultural bilingual communication project conducted between Japanese university students learning English and Canadian university students learning Japanese. Previous studies on cross-cultural communication projects have reported positive outcomes in providing…

Kabata, Kaori; Edasawa, Yasuyo

2011-01-01

345

Words and sounds in infants' language learning Daniel Swingley  

E-print Network

distinctions [t] vs [t] [e] vs [E] [ba] vs [b�] [u] vs [y] #12;How do infants learn which sounds their language categories by detecting clusters of experienced instances in a perceptual space How do infants learn which words and sounds: how sounds are learned Werker&Tees,1984;Kuhletal.,1992;Polka&Werker,1994;Pegg

Gutkin, Boris

346

Beyond Explicit Rule Learning: Automatizing Second Language Morphosyntax.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a fine-grained analysis of extensive empirical data on the automatization of explicitly learned rules of morphosyntax in a second language. Results indicate that the learning of morphosyntactic rules is highly skill-specific and that these skills develop gradually over time, adhering to the same power function learning curve as the…

DeKeyser, Robert M.

1997-01-01

347

The Multilingual Self: An Inquiry into Language Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book recounts the personal experiences of a woman who learned three languages (French, Italian, and English) in addition to her native Russian. She learned French as an emotional and intellectual escape from difficult conditions as a Jew in the Soviet Union, then learned Italian in Italy while she and her family waited to gain entrance into…

Lvovich, Natasha

348

Language, Education and Development: Case Studies from the Southern Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In many Southern countries, there are multiple and conflicting perspectives regarding the central role of language, particularly in relation to educational and developmental issues. A great number of multilingual, multicultural and multi-ethnic Southern countries are using "English" or some other dominant tongue as their only "official", and/or…

Dei, George J. Sefa; Asgharzadeh, Alireza

2003-01-01

349

The Context of Language Planning in Multilingual Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In his latest survey of the prospects for English language teaching in the next 50 years, David Graddol claims that over half the world's international students are taught in English and that universities are increasingly offering courses in English. This seems to be a necessary condition for achieving excellence and prestige. At the same time,…

van der Walt, Christa

2010-01-01

350

Chinese Teachers' Views of Western Language Teaching: Context Informs Paradigms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Exploration of the views of 24 Chinese teachers of English on the effectiveness of "western" language-teaching methods revealed their beliefs that the communicative approach was applicable to students planning to visit an English-speaking country. Suggestions are presented for helping teachers overcome sociolinguistic limitations in English…

Burnaby, Barbara; Sun, Yilin

1989-01-01

351

Adults Learning Languages: A CILT Guide to Good Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Adults Learning Languages" is aimed at those responsible for teaching languages across AE, FE and HE. In the much-changed world of post-19 languages, new funding and inspection regimes with revised needs for quality assurance are challenging practitioners to adapt and review approaches. This book offers teachers of languages to adults tools to…

Harnisch, Henriette, Ed.; Swanton, Pauline, Ed.

2004-01-01

352

Applying a multimedia storytelling website in foreign language learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Storytelling is a practical and powerful teaching tool, especially for language learning. Teachers in lan- guage classrooms, however, may hesitate to incorporate storytelling into language instruction because of an already overloaded curriculum. English foreign language (EFL) teachers in Taiwan report additional prob- lems such as having little prior experience with integrating storytelling into language teaching, locating appropriate stories, and lacking

Wenli Tsou; Weichung Wang; Yenjun Tzeng

2006-01-01

353

Intelligent Thai Text--Thai Sign Translation for Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We present the Intelligent Thai text--Thai sign translation for language learning (IT[superscript 3]STL). IT[superscript 3]STL is able to translate Thai text into Thai sign language simply and conveniently anytime, anywhere. Thai sign language is the language of the deaf in Thailand. In the translation process, the distinction between Thai text…

Dangsaart, Srisavakon; Naruedomkul, Kanlaya; Cercone, Nick; Sirinaovakul, Booncharoen

2008-01-01

354

A Test of the Critical Period Hypothesis for Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A critical period for language learning is often defined as a sharp decline in learning outcomes with age. This study examines the relevance of the critical period for English-speaking proficiency among immigrants in the USA. It uses microdata from the 2000 US Census, a model of language acquisition and a flexible specification of an estimating…

Chiswick, Barry R.; Miller, Paul W.

2008-01-01

355

Online Synchronous Language Learning: SLMS over the Internet  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that distance learning environments often pose serious obstacles to second language instruction, Yuping Wang and Nian-Shing Chen propose that synchronous learning management systems (SLMS) can address the urgent need for real-time communication to support the student acquisition of language skills. To illustrate the pedagogical value of…

Wang, Yuping; Chen, Nian-Shing

2007-01-01

356

Computer-Assisted Foreign Language Teaching and Learning: Technological Advances  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Computer-Assisted Foreign Language Teaching and Learning: Technological Advances highlights new research and an original framework that brings together foreign language teaching, experiments and testing practices that utilize the most recent and widely used e-learning resources. This comprehensive collection of research will offer linguistic…

Zou, Bin; Xing, Minjie; Wang, Yuping; Sun, Mingyu; Xiang, Catherine H.

2013-01-01

357

Unsupervised Learning of the Morphology of a Natural Language  

E-print Network

Unsupervised Learning of the Morphology of a Natural Language John Goldsmith* University of Chicago learning of the morphological segmentation of European languages, using corpora ranging in size from 5 of concatenation. While that view is not free of controversy, it remains the traditional conception of morphology

Wicentowski, Richard

358

Harmonious Learning: Yoga in the English Language Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article looks at one way for teachers to make classrooms emotionally, mentally, and physically healthy places to learn--places where tensions and stresses are lessened and where teachers and students are concentrating, yet relaxed. "Harmonious language learning classroom" is the term the author coined to describe this kind of language

Morgan, Lisa

2011-01-01

359

Affective Influences on English Language Learning Among Indian Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Motivation has been called the most important variable in foreign language learning. Of the possible motivators, that of desire for integration with the culture of speakers of the language correlates most highly with learning success. American Indian students are faced with the need to integrate to a certain extent with speakers of English. Their…

Scoon, Annabelle R.

360

Mobile Language Learning: More than Just "The Platform"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile-assisted language learning (MALL) is attracting a great deal of attention at present (Stockwell & Sotillo, 2011). However, it is important that teacher and researcher exploitation of technological developments be guided by more than just enthusiasm. "Language Learning & Technology's" commitment to empirical studies is admirable but, for…

Ballance, Oliver James

2012-01-01

361

Measuring Language Learning Environments in Secondary Science Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore a new learning environment instrument which could be used by teaching practitioners and other educators to measure the language learning environment in the secondary science classroom. The science teacher is central in creating science classrooms conductive to the language needs of students and should be…

Webster, Beverley J.; Hazari, Anjali

2009-01-01

362

Power within Blended Language Learning Programs in Japan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As blended language learning environments evolve within tertiary foreign language institutions, issues of power with regards to the privileging of electronic technologies come to the fore. Blended learning, or the principled mix of online and classroom-based activities, challenges the practices of traditional CALL and face-to-face teaching within…

Hinkelman, Don; Gruba, Paul

2012-01-01

363

Language Learning Strategies and Motivation among Religious Secondary School Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies have indicated that motivation is related to both a high frequency and an appropriate use of language learning strategies (Oxford & Nyikos 1989; Chamot et al. 1999; Macaro 2001). This study is designed to investigate the types and level of Arabic language learning motivation among Malaysian religious secondary school students. We also examine the relationship between the use of

Kamarul Shukri; Mat Teh; Mohamed Amin Embi; Nik Mohd Rahimi; Nik Yusoff; Zamri Mahamod

364

Statistical Learning and Language: An Individual Differences Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although statistical learning and language have been assumed to be intertwined, this theoretical presupposition has rarely been tested empirically. The present study investigates the relationship between statistical learning and language using a within-subject design embedded in an individual-differences framework. Participants were administered…

Misyak, Jennifer B.; Christiansen, Morten H.

2012-01-01

365

Some of the things that adults learn about language,  

E-print Network

Abstract Some of the things that adults learn about language, and about the world, are very), or that the letters st are sometimes followed by r but never by x, and so forth. Other aspects of what we know about- plications for language learning, Saffran, Aslin, and Newport (1996) found that 8-month-old infants

Marcus, Gary F.

366

Using On-line Corpus To Facilitate Language Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The potential for on-line corpus in language teaching and learning has been the focus of attention on the part of teachers and researchers for some time now. The purpose of this study is to report on an Internet-based concordance approach to language learning and to investigate both qualitatively and quantitatively Taiwanese…

Sun, Yu-Chih

367

Teachers' Beliefs about Developing Language Proficiency within the Context of Study Abroad  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study described here is grounded in naturalistic inquiry, a research methodology that seeks to understand phenomena in context-specific settings. The goal of the study was to identify the beliefs about developing language proficiency of a group of North American French-as-a-foreign language teachers in the specific context of a three-week,…

Allen, Linda Quinn

2013-01-01

368

Four English Language Learners' Experiences and Strategy Use in Learning Environments of Multiliteracies  

Microsoft Academic Search

English language learners (ELLs) develop their reading by engaging in diverse literacy activities in the learning contexts of multiliteracies. I investigated ELLs' experiences and their use of strategies when they read computer-based texts at home and in school. In addition, I identified a variety of influential factors that affected the ELLs' use of reading strategies when they read computer-based texts

Ho Ryong Park

2012-01-01

369

Language Learning, Teaching and Educational Reform in Rural Thailand: An English Teacher's Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses English language teaching in Thailand through a biographical case study of a teacher working in a government school in the rural north-east. It explores a particular context of teaching and learning, showing how an individual comes to be a teacher and deals with the day-to-day demands of teaching, as well as reflecting on…

Hayes, David

2010-01-01

370

Legitimacy of Foreign Language Learning and Identity Research: Structuralist and Constructivist Perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper summarizes empirical studies the author and her associates have carried out in the past decade pertaining to English language learning and cultural identity changes in China, and related criticism. In response to challenges on the legitimacy of such research regarding unified definition, cause attribution and context relevance, the paper introduces an epistemological distinction between structuralism and constructivism, which

Yihong Gao

371

The Role of Language and Culture in Open Learning in International Collaborative Programmes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the context of internationalisation, the delivery of higher education programmes increasingly combines open learning with collaborations among people of diverse languages and cultures. In this paper we argue that while the literature on international education focuses on mapping modes of delivery in international education, there is also a need…

Scarino, Angela; Crichton, Jonathan; Woods, Megan

2007-01-01

372

MONA: HIERARCHICAL CONTEXT-LEARNING IN A GOAL-SEEKING ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK  

E-print Network

of the environment is modeled in working memory. Mona is an active system: it uses environmental contexts to produceMONA: HIERARCHICAL CONTEXT-LEARNING IN A GOAL- SEEKING ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK Version 1. ....................................................................................................................................6 Learning

Portegys, Thomas E.

373

Language Development and Learning to Read: The Scientific Study of How Language Development Affects Reading Skill  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on reading has tried, and failed, to account for wide disparities in reading skill even among children taught by the same method. Why do some children learn to read easily and quickly while others, in the same classroom and taught by the same teacher, don't learn to read at all? In "Language Development and Learning to Read", Diane…

McGuinness, Diane

2005-01-01

374

SIMPLE is a good idea (and better with context learning).  

PubMed

Selective and iterative method for performance level estimation (SIMPLE) is a multi-atlas segmentation technique that integrates atlas selection and label fusion that has proven effective for radiotherapy planning. Herein, we revisit atlas selection and fusion techniques in the context of segmenting the spleen in metastatic liver cancer patients with possible splenomegaly using clinically acquired computed tomography (CT). We re-derive the SIMPLE algorithm in the context of the statistical literature, and show that the atlas selection criteria rest on newly presented principled likelihood models. We show that SIMPLE performance can be improved by accounting for exogenous information through Bayesian priors (so called context learning). These innovations are integrated with the joint label fusion approach to reduce the impact of correlated errors among selected atlases. In a study of 65 subjects, the spleen was segmented with median Dice similarity coefficient of 0.93 and a mean surface distance error of 2.2 mm. PMID:25333139

Xu, Zhoubing; Asman, Andrew J; Shanahan, Peter L; Abramson, Richard G; Landman, Bennett A

2014-01-01

375

Language use in intergroup contexts: The linguistic intergroup bias  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three experiments examine how the type of language used to describe in-group and out-group be- haviors contributes to the transmission and persistence of social stereotypes. Two experiments tested the hypothesis that people encode and communicate desirable in-group and undesirable out-group behaviors more abstractly than undesirable in-group and desirable out-group behaviors. Experiment 1 provided strong support for this hypothesis using a

Anne Maass; C. Salvi; Luciano Arcuri; Gün R. Semin

1989-01-01

376

Olfactory modulation by dopamine in the context of aversive learning  

PubMed Central

The need to detect and process sensory cues varies in different behavioral contexts. Plasticity in sensory coding can be achieved by the context-specific release of neuromodulators in restricted brain areas. The context of aversion triggers the release of dopamine in the insect brain, yet the effects of dopamine on sensory coding are unknown. In this study, we characterize the morphology of dopaminergic neurons that innervate each of the antennal lobes (ALs; the first synaptic neuropils of the olfactory system) of the moth Manduca sexta and demonstrate with electrophysiology that dopamine enhances odor-evoked responses of the majority of AL neurons while reducing the responses of a small minority. Because dopamine release in higher brain areas mediates aversive learning we developed a naturalistic, ecologically inspired aversive learning paradigm in which an innately appetitive host plant floral odor is paired with a mimic of the aversive nectar of herbivorized host plants. This pairing resulted in a decrease in feeding behavior that was blocked when dopamine receptor antagonists were injected directly into the ALs. These results suggest that a transient dopaminergic enhancement of sensory output from the AL contributes to the formation of aversive memories. We propose a model of olfactory modulation in which specific contexts trigger the release of different neuromodulators in the AL to increase olfactory output to downstream areas of processing. PMID:22552185

Riffell, Jeffrey A.; Martin, Joshua P.; Gage, Stephanie L.; Nighorn, Alan J.

2012-01-01

377

All together now: concurrent learning of multiple structures in an artificial language.  

PubMed

Natural languages contain many layers of sequential structure, from the distribution of phonemes within words to the distribution of phrases within utterances. However, most research modeling language acquisition using artificial languages has focused on only one type of distributional structure at a time. In two experiments, we investigated adult learning of an artificial language that contains dependencies between both adjacent and non-adjacent words. We found that learners rapidly acquired both types of regularities and that the strength of the adjacent statistics influenced learning of both adjacent and non-adjacent dependencies. Additionally, though accuracy was similar for both types of structure, participants' knowledge of the deterministic non-adjacent dependencies was more explicit than their knowledge of the probabilistic adjacent dependencies. The results are discussed in the context of current theories of statistical learning and language acquisition. PMID:23772795

Romberg, Alexa R; Saffran, Jenny R

2013-01-01

378

Amharic and English: An Introduction to the Principles of Language Teaching and Language Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These materials are part of a one-week experimental program to bring together the language and the TESL components of the Peace Corps Training Program for Ethiopia. The program is based on the relationship between language teaching and language learning, that is, between the methods classes in the teaching of English as a second language, and the…

Slager, William R.; And Others

379

LANGUAGE CLASS MANAGEMENT FOR EFFECTIVE LEARNING  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teaching English language to undergraduates in Universiti Teknologi MARA has always been a challenging and inspiring experience for language lecturers who are constantly reviewing and improving teaching techniques. In recent semesters, undergraduate English language courses have been concentrating on English for specific purposes (ESP) and one of them is the BEL492 Presentation Skills. The course which usually takes fourteen weeks

Abu Samah SITI AKMAR; Abdul Aziz SITI MARIAM

2011-01-01

380

Literacy and the Second Language Learner. Research in Second Language Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers is the first in a series that will highlight cutting-edge research in the area of second language learning and teaching. After an introduction, "The Second Language Educator's Challenge: Learning about Literacy" (JoAnn Hammadou Sullivan), 12 papers include the following: (1) "Theoretical Developments in Reading Chinese…

Sullivan, JoAnn Hammadou, Ed.

381

Language Classroom: A "Girls' Domain"? Female and Male Students' Perspectives on Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Substantial research has been done on gender differences in relation to various aspects of learning and teaching. In the field of language learning learner's gender and its relationship with emotional (affective) components of language study has been a subject of numerous academic inquiries. These studies have focused on female and male students'…

Nikitina, Larisa; Furuoka, Fumitaka

2007-01-01

382

The Effects of Frequency, Distribution, Mode of Presentation, and First Language on Learning an Artificial Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation presents results from a series of experiments investigating adult learning of an artificial language and the effects that input frequency (high vs. low token frequency), frequency distribution (skewed vs. balanced), presentation mode (structured vs. scrambled), and first language (English vs. Japanese) have on such learning.…

Miyata, Munehiko

2011-01-01

383

Faculty Development in Context: Changing Learning Cultures in Higher Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At present, research on the effectiveness of initial training programs for novice faculty is limited, and results fail to offer apparent evidences on the impact of such programs in changing teachers' practices and, at a larger scale, teaching and learning cultures at universities. In addition to faculty development initiatives, the wider organizational context should be considered in order to foster transfer of acquired teaching competences into teaching practice. In this article, we suggest a conceptual framework that includes a description of prevailing teaching cultures in European higher education; a discussion on what we mean by faculty development and its relationship to teaching cultures; a definition of learning cultures; and a framework of the environmental factors affecting learning transfer. Among the outcomes, we expect to adapt Holtons' model to the higher education context and design a set of instruments to identify primarily environmental factors influencing the impact of faculty development. Results might show the necessity to pay greater attention to the conditions under which novice teachers teach, the importance of peer and coordinator support, and all aspects that contribute in the end to changed teaching and learning cultures in higher education.

Feixas, Mònica; Zellweger, Franziska

384

Three Fundamental Concepts in Second Language Acquisition and Their Relevance in Multilingual Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article considers how 3 fundamental concepts of second language acquisition (SLA), the native speaker, interlanguage, and the language learner have fared since Firth and Wagner (1997). We review the ascendancy of these concepts and their relationship to the traditional dichotomies of language learning versus language use and individual mind…

Kramsch, Claire; Whiteside, Anne

2007-01-01

385

Prospective ELT Teachers' Attitudes toward the English Language in an EFL Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attitudes toward a foreign language and the motivation to learn a language have been of interest to many educators and researchers. However, the majority of research has been conducted with language learners. There is a lack of literature concerning the attitudes of teachers and teacher trainees toward the language they are or will be teaching.…

Gursoy, Esim

2013-01-01

386

Content-Based Instruction: What Can We Learn from Content-Trained Teachers' and Language-Trained Teachers' Pedagogies?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on a study of the pedagogies of two content-trained teachers and two language-trained teachers in their content-based second language (L2) classrooms at the middle-school level in two Chinese contexts: Hong Kong and Xi'an. The study aims to identify pedagogies that support content and language learning, referred to here as…

Kong, Stella

2009-01-01

387

On the contingent nature of language?learning tasks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using methods from conversation analysis, this paper explores ways that teacher?designed language?learning task interactions can vary in their performance due to the nature of face?to?face interaction. The analysis describes three task interactions from language?learning classrooms, showing how the contingencies that are necessitated by learners working in small groups provide for different task performance as well as different potentials for language

John Hellermann; Simona Pekarek Doehler

2010-01-01

388

Language rights versus speakers’ rights: on the applicability of Western language rights approaches in Eastern European contexts  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main purpose of the present paper is to draw attention to contexts where two conceptions of linguistic rights—the rights\\u000a of languages and the rights of speakers—come into conflict. To illustrate such conflict, I will examine justifications of\\u000a language laws adopted in two post-Soviet countries, Latvia and Ukraine. \\u0009I will begin with an overview of Soviet language\\u000a policies and their

Aneta Pavlenko

2011-01-01

389

A Context-Aware Ubiquitous Learning Environment for Conducting Complex Science Experiments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context-aware ubiquitous learning (u-learning) is an innovative approach that integrates wireless, mobile, and context-awareness technologies to detect the situation of learners in the real world and provide adaptive support or guidance accordingly. In this paper, a context-aware u-learning environment is developed for guiding inexperienced…

Hwang, Gwo-Jen; Yang, Tzu-Chi; Tsai, Chin-Chung; Yang, Stephen J. H.

2009-01-01

390

Reflections on foreign language study for students with language learning problems: research, issues and challenges.  

PubMed

The study of foreign language (FL) learning for individuals who have found learning to read and write in their first language extremely problematic has been an under-researched area throughout the world. Since the 1980s, Leonore Ganschow and Richard Sparks have conducted pioneering research into the nature of difficulties, why they are encountered and how they can be minimized. In this paper the authors trace the development of their research on foreign language difficulties for students with language learning problems. They provide a summary of their findings and suggest new questions and directions for the field. PMID:10840509

Ganschow, L; Sparks, R L

2000-01-01

391

Reactivation of Lapsed Languages in the Context of Modern Foreign Languages Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the problems encountered by trainee language teachers who strive to maintain their language skills at their optimum level in the classroom. Many trainees will admit that their language skills need refreshing and a significant number of mentors agree with them. This article explores language attrition and strategies that can be…

Llewellyn-Williams, Jill

2014-01-01

392

Language bootstrapping: learning word meanings from perception-action association.  

PubMed

We address the problem of bootstrapping language acquisition for an artificial system similarly to what is observed in experiments with human infants. Our method works by associating meanings to words in manipulation tasks, as a robot interacts with objects and listens to verbal descriptions of the interactions. The model is based on an affordance network, i.e., a mapping between robot actions, robot perceptions, and the perceived effects of these actions upon objects. We extend the affordance model to incorporate spoken words, which allows us to ground the verbal symbols to the execution of actions and the perception of the environment. The model takes verbal descriptions of a task as the input and uses temporal co-occurrence to create links between speech utterances and the involved objects, actions, and effects. We show that the robot is able form useful word-to-meaning associations, even without considering grammatical structure in the learning process and in the presence of recognition errors. These word-to-meaning associations are embedded in the robot's own understanding of its actions. Thus, they can be directly used to instruct the robot to perform tasks and also allow to incorporate context in the speech recognition task. We believe that the encouraging results with our approach may afford robots with a capacity to acquire language descriptors in their operation's environment as well as to shed some light as to how this challenging process develops with human infants. PMID:22106152

Salvi, Giampiero; Montesano, Luis; Bernardino, Alexandre; Santos-Victor, José

2012-06-01

393

Reconceptualizing Interactional Groups: Grouping Schemes for Maximizing Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the field of English as a Second/Foreign Language (ESL/EFL), it has long been recognized that for second language acquisition to occur learners must use English to construct meaning and interact with others in authentic contexts. The importance of learner interaction in acquiring a second language has made the "teacher-directed…

Rance-Roney, Judith A.

2010-01-01

394

Learning To Write, Writing To Learn: The Teaching of Writing in the Foreign Language Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is the result of an effort by English language arts teachers and foreign language teachers to collaborate with the understanding that writing improves student learning across the curriculum, and that increased mastery of writing skills in a student's first language will improve foreign language learning. This fact notwithstanding, few…

North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh. Instructional Services.

395

Grammatically Biased Learning: Learning Horn Theories Using an Explicit Antecedent Description Language  

Microsoft Academic Search

language called the concept description language, and for most learning systems, theconcept description language is fixed. This paper describes a learning system that makes a largepart of the concept description language an explicit input, and discusses some of the possibleapplications of providing this additional input. In particular, we discuss a technique for learninga set of Horn clauses such that the

William W. Cohen

1991-01-01

396

How relevant is social interaction in second language learning?  

PubMed Central

Verbal language is the most widespread mode of human communication, and an intrinsically social activity. This claim is strengthened by evidence emerging from different fields, which clearly indicates that social interaction influences human communication, and more specifically, language learning. Indeed, research conducted with infants and children shows that interaction with a caregiver is necessary to acquire language. Further evidence on the influence of sociality on language comes from social and linguistic pathologies, in which deficits in social and linguistic abilities are tightly intertwined, as is the case for Autism, for example. However, studies on adult second language (L2) learning have been mostly focused on individualistic approaches, partly because of methodological constraints, especially of imaging methods. The question as to whether social interaction should be considered as a critical factor impacting upon adult language learning still remains underspecified. Here, we review evidence in support of the view that sociality plays a significant role in communication and language learning, in an attempt to emphasize factors that could facilitate this process in adult language learning. We suggest that sociality should be considered as a potentially influential factor in adult language learning and that future studies in this domain should explicitly target this factor. PMID:24027521

Verga, Laura; Kotz, Sonja A.

2013-01-01

397

Experiments in Unsupervised Learning of Natural Language  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the body of the paper, we present ongoing experiments which aim to evaluate different choices of algorithm and metric, and extend the paradigm in directions which are designed to overcome the present limitations. These are presented in the rather unglamorous context of the first stage of classification or as an intuitive multidimensionally scaled map, and later in dendrograms under

David Powers

398

Managing Learning: Authority and Language Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A feature of language assessment internationally is its role in the enforcement of language policies established by governments and other educational and cultural agencies. This trend has led to the near-universal adoption of curriculum and assessment frameworks, the clearest example of which is the Common European Framework of Reference for…

McNamara, Tim

2011-01-01

399

Language Teaching and Learning: Some Hard Decisions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In addressing the needs of second languages, the principle must be to build quality at all levels, especially in the design of programs and the rigour and seriousness of teaching and to maintain a consistent effort rather than to subject language planning to continual chopping and changing of priority. Quality programs will need to be readily…

Lo Bianco, Joseph

2009-01-01

400

THE PREDICTABILITY OF LANGUAGE LEARNING RESULTS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

IF LANGUAGE CAN BE CONSIDERED AS ONE FORM AMONG SEVERAL BY MEANS OF WHICH MEANING CAN BE CONCEIVED AND TRANSFERRED, THEN IT FOLLOWS THAT LANGUAGE TEACHING SHOULD LEAD ABOVE ALL TO THE FACILE TRANSFER OF MEANING. ACCEPTANCE OF THIS CONCEPT WILL INFLUENCE THE CHOICE OF METHODS AND MATERIALS BEST SUITED TO YIELD THIS RESULT. THE TEACHER'S PURPOSE IS…

ROEMING, ROBERT F.

401

Idiomatic Syntactic Constructions and Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the influence of idiomatic syntactic constructions (i.e., constructions whose phrase structure rules violate the rules that underlie the construction of other kinds of sentences in the language) on the acquisition of phrase structure. In Experiment 1, participants were trained on an artificial language generated from…

Kaschak, Michael P.; Saffran, Jenny R.

2006-01-01

402

Affecting Factors in Second Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study investigated the influence of sex, handedness, level in second language (L2) and Faculty choice on the performance of phonological, syntactical and semantic tasks in L2. Level in L2 and sex were the most affecting factors. Subjects who achieved higher scores on L2 tasks had strong second language aptitude skills since they were…

Andreou, G.; Vlachos, F.; Andreou, E.

2005-01-01

403

THE UNSUPERVISED LEARNING OF NATURAL LANGUAGE STRUCTURE  

E-print Network

, to Chris Manning for being a fantastic, insightful advisor. He shaped how I think, write, and do research at a very deep level. I learned from him how to be a linguist and a computer scientist at the same time (he to emulate in the future is how he always made me feel like I had the freedom to work on whatever I wanted

California at Irvine, University of

404

Language and Learning: Educating Linguistically Diverse Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A collection of essays on teaching linguistically diverse student populations includes: "Linguistic Diversity and Academic Achievement" (Beverly McLeod); "The Impact of the Education Reform Movement on Limited English Proficient Students" (Patricia Gandara); "The Role of Discourse in Learning, Schooling, and Reform" (Hugh Mehan); "The Values of a…

McLeod, Beverly, Ed.

405

Critique of a Language-Learning Website  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Listening plays a crucial part in the learning of overseas students in the United Kingdom. Students can never follow a lecture or discussion in English without listening. Traditional classroom teaching in listening limits students' time and space. However, the Web-based listening course accommodates listeners a great deal, enabling them to access…

Kan, Soh Or

2011-01-01

406

Author's personal copy Learning in the context of sexual behaviour and danger in female and male  

E-print Network

the ecological and evolutionary aspects of such learning (e.g. Dukas 2005a, 2009). Briefly, in three fruit flyAuthor's personal copy Learning in the context of sexual behaviour and danger in female and male pseudoobscura female fruit fly learning speciation Learning in the context of mate choice is important because

Dukas, Reuven

407

Microscopic instructional planning in the context of E-learning Sofiane Aouag  

E-print Network

Microscopic instructional planning in the context of E-learning Sofiane Aouag Laboratoire de in the context of E-learning. So it will be concentrated in the design of the last level of E-learning system in a series of articles that looks at specifying new approaches applied into the three levels of E-learning

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

408

A Knowledge-Based Approach to Retrieving Teaching Materials for Context-Aware Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the rapid development of wireless communication and sensor technologies, ubiquitous learning has become a promising solution to educational problems. In context-aware ubiquitous learning environments, it is required that learning content is retrieved according to environmental contexts, such as learners' location. Also, a learning content…

Shih, Wen-Chung; Tseng, Shian-Shyong

2009-01-01

409

Language, Reading, and Math Learning Profiles in an Epidemiological Sample of School Age Children  

PubMed Central

Dyscalculia, dyslexia, and specific language impairment (SLI) are relatively specific developmental learning disabilities in math, reading, and oral language, respectively, that occur in the context of average intellectual capacity and adequate environmental opportunities. Past research has been dominated by studies focused on single impairments despite the widespread recognition that overlapping and comorbid deficits are common. The present study took an epidemiological approach to study the learning profiles of a large school age sample in language, reading, and math. Both general learning profiles reflecting good or poor performance across measures and specific learning profiles involving either weak language, weak reading, weak math, or weak math and reading were observed. These latter four profiles characterized 70% of children with some evidence of a learning disability. Low scores in phonological short-term memory characterized clusters with a language-based weakness whereas low or variable phonological awareness was associated with the reading (but not language-based) weaknesses. The low math only group did not show these phonological deficits. These findings may suggest different etiologies for language-based deficits in language, reading, and math, reading-related impairments in reading and math, and isolated math disabilities. PMID:24155959

Archibald, Lisa M. D.; Oram Cardy, Janis; Joanisse, Marc F.; Ansari, Daniel

2013-01-01

410

How visual and semantic information influence learning in familiar contexts.  

PubMed

Previous research using the contextual cuing paradigm has revealed both quantitative and qualitative differences in learning depending on whether repeated contexts are defined by letter arrays or real-world scenes. To clarify the relative contributions of visual features and semantic information likely to account for such differences, the typical contextual cuing procedure was adapted to use meaningless but nevertheless visually complex images. The data in reaction time and in eye movements show that, like scenes, such repeated contexts can trigger large, stable, and explicit cuing effects, and that those effects result from facilitated attentional guidance. Like simpler stimulus arrays, however, those effects were impaired by a sudden change of a repeating image's color scheme at the end of the learning phase (Experiment 1), or when the repeated images were presented in a different and unique color scheme across each presentation (Experiment 2). In both cases, search was driven by explicit memory. Collectively, these results suggest that semantic information is not required for conscious awareness of context-target covariation, but it plays a primary role in overcoming variability in specific features within familiar displays. PMID:22612057

Goujon, Annabelle; Brockmole, James R; Ehinger, Krista A

2012-10-01

411

What Language Should a Lebanese Child Learn First?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Bilingualism is common in Lebanon's educational system. The national curriculum requires students to learn a second language beginning in kindergarten and to study science and mathematics in that second language in later years. The national curriculum requires that another foreign language be taught by seventh grade. Although Arabic is the…

Bahous, Jocelyne

412

Culture Learning in Language Education: A Review of the Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the theoretical and research literature pertaining to culture learning in language education programs, focusing on whether studies existed that could support or challenge current language education practices regarding the teaching of culture; provide guidance to language educators on effective culture teaching methods; suggest…

Paige, R. Michael; Jorstad, Helen; Siaya, Laura; Klein, Francine; Colby, Jeanette

413

OPTIMAL PSYCHOLINGUISTIC ENVIRONMENTS FOR DISTANCE FOREIGN LANGUAGE LEARNING  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rational choices among the numerous technological options available for foreign language teaching need to be based, in part, on psycholinguistic considerations. Which technological advances help create an optimal psycholinguistic environment for language learning, and which may be innovative but relatively unhelpful? One potential source of guidance is offered by the ten methodological principles of Task-Based Language Teaching (Long, 1985, and

CATHERINE J. DOUGHTY; MICHAEL H. LONG

414

A Topical Bibliography on Computer-Assisted Language Learning (CALL)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bibliography aims to serve the language teacher educators who are working in the field of Computer-Assisted Language Learning (CALL) by making a collection of 1732 bibliographic entries, which stem from mainly books and journal articles in English that date back to 1980 and provide good discussions on the theory of technology in language

Kilickaya, Ferit

2009-01-01

415

KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT FOR BUSINESS ORIENTED FOREIGN LANGUAGE TEACHING AND LEARNING  

Microsoft Academic Search

A research team from two universities and two IT companies took the challenge of developing a business foreign languages program implemented in a web environment, aiming the effectiveness of the communication in a working multicultural environment, using foreign languages. The online educational portal for applied foreign languages teaching and learning addressing the cross-cultural dimension represents the core of the Romanian

2009-01-01

416

Sites of Construction: Language Learning, Multimedia, and the International Engineer  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the role of a multimedia learning environment in teaching foreign languages to engineering students. Arguing for a subject-specific and skills-oriented approach in teaching Languages for Specific Purposes (LSP) in the university, it outlines possible targets and skills for a language course for engineers. The paper goes on…

Dlaska, Andrea

2002-01-01

417

Rearticulating the Case for Micro Language Planning in a Language Ecology Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Language planning is normally thought of in terms of large-scale, usually national planning, often undertaken by governments and meant to influence, if not change, ways of speaking or literacy practices within a society. It normally encompasses four aspects: status planning (about society), corpus planning (about language), language-in-education…

Baldauf, Richard B., Jr.

2006-01-01

418

LEARNING AND THE EVOLUTION OF LANGUAGE: THE ROLE OF CULTURAL VARIATION AND LEARNING COSTS IN  

E-print Network

LEARNING AND THE EVOLUTION OF LANGUAGE: THE ROLE OF CULTURAL VARIATION AND LEARNING COSTS of compositional languages [11]. It specifically addresses the role of cultural variation and of learning costs to vary using a process of cultural transmission, Baldwinian processes cause, instead, the assimilation

Cangelosi, Angelo

419

Contributions of Language and Memory Demands to Verbal Memory Performance in Language-Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to investigate the performance of adults with language-based learning disorders (L/LD) and normal language controls on verbal short-term and verbal working memory tasks. Eighteen adults with L/LD and 18 normal language controls were compared on verbal short-term memory and verbal working memory tasks under low,…

Isaki, Emi; Spaulding, Tammie J.; Plante, Elena

2008-01-01

420

Attitudes toward Task-Based Language Learning: A Study of College Korean Language Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores second/foreign language (L2) learners' attitudes toward task-based language learning (TBLL) and how these attitudes relate to selected learner variables, namely anxiety, integrated motivation, instrumental motivation, and self-efficacy. Ninety-one college students of Korean as a foreign language, who received task-based…

Pyun, Danielle Ooyoung

2013-01-01

421

"Language Learning" and Applied Linguistics: A Historical Sketch.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the history of applied linguistics together with the history of the journal "Language Learning," indicating the journal's particular place in that larger history and honoring its 50th anniversary. (Author/JL)

Catford, J. C.

1998-01-01

422

Methods for pronunciation assessment in computer aided language learning  

E-print Network

Learning a foreign language is a challenging endeavor that entails acquiring a wide range of new knowledge including words, grammar, gestures, sounds, etc. Mastering these skills all require extensive practice by the learner ...

Peabody, Mitchell A. (Mitchell Aaron)

2011-01-01

423

Improving Clinical Practices for Children with Language and Learning Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This lead article of the Clinical Forum addresses some of the gaps that exist between clinical practice and current knowledge about instructional factors that influence learning and language development. Method: Topics reviewed and discussed include principles of learning, generalization, treatment intensity, processing interventions,…

Kamhi, Alan G.

2014-01-01

424

Assessment of English Language Learners with Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Identifying English language learners (ELLs) with learning disabilities has become very important in education settings so that appropriate educational services can be provided to this group of students. Linguistic diversity may increase the measurement error and reduce the reliability of assessments. This article discusses the issues with assessments used to identify ELLs and students with learning disabilities and the challenges

Szu-Yin Chu; Sobeida Flores

2011-01-01

425

Body in Mind: How Gestures Empower Foreign Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It has previously been demonstrated that enactment (i.e., performing representative gestures during encoding) enhances memory for concrete words, in particular action words. Here, we investigate the impact of enactment on abstract word learning in a foreign language. We further ask if learning novel words with gestures facilitates sentence…

Macedonia, Manuela; Knosche, Thomas R.

2011-01-01

426

Goal Setting for Learning English Language of EFL Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated goal setting for learning English language of Bangkok University students. A set of questionnaires for the assessment of goal settings and problems of learning English was administered to 370 second-year students. The study revealed that the goal setting was at a moderate level. There were statistically significant…

Srichanyachon, Napaporn

2010-01-01

427

Learning a Language in the Field: Problems of Linguistic Relativity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author feels that there is no reason to suppose that adults are less capable than children in learning a second language, given adequate opportunity and motivation. In terms of amount learned in comparable time, the adult is about five times as efficient as the child. This is what would be expected of any other kind of intellectual or rational…

Catford, J.C.

428

Enriching Formal Language Learning with an Informal Social Component  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes an informal component that we added to an online formal language learning environment in order to help the learners reach relevant Internet pages they can freely use to complement their learning activity. Thanks to this facility, each lesson is enriched, at run time, with a number of links automatically retrieved from social…

Dettori, Giuliana; Torsani, Simone

2013-01-01

429

Language Learning Strategies and Communication Strategies: A Synthesis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since Selinker's (1972) historic invocation of language learning strategies (LLS) and communication strategies (CS) as two distinct processes involved in the development of interlanguage, it has become customary in SLA literature to distinguish the strategies of learning from the strategies of communication. It has been argued in this article that…

Husain, Kausar

2006-01-01

430

Does online language learning diminish interaction between student and teacher?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Some critics have commented that online courses may discourage teacher–student interaction, which is considered by teachers and researchers as an important element in language learning. A total of 60 associate degree students who attended an online English course in Hong Kong responded to a questionnaire asking them about their effort and interest in learning English, their anxiety about computer applications,

Christina Ng; Alexander Seeshing Yeung; Rachel Yuk Hung Hon

2006-01-01

431

Computer game based learning approach for Mandarin language  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a multinational and multicultural country with diverse population, Malaysia comprises of 3 races such as Malays, Indians and Chinese. There are 2 other languages that need to be learned by Malaysian that is Mandarin and Tamil. Mandarin was chosen in this study because Chinese is the second largest ethnic group in Malaysia and most of the Asian countries. Learning

Annisa Dwiana; Dalbir Singh

2011-01-01

432

Motivation and Language Learning with Students of Chinese.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates the motivational factors of students of Asian and Asian-American backgrounds learning Chinese at the university level in the United States. Results indicate that intrinsic interest in Chinese culture and the desire to understand one's own cultural heritage are the initial motivation for students to learn the language and that…

Wen, Xiaohong

1997-01-01

433

Learning Styles and the Japanese University Second Language Student.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated learning styles and learning strategies among Japanese university students whose majors are directly related to English. Data were gathered in a survey of 365 students in English literature, language, or linguistics courses at two universities. The survey included questions about study outside class time, study using…

Rausch, Anthony S.

434

Online Games for Young Learners' Foreign Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young learners' use of instructional games in foreign language learning is not yet well understood. Using games that were part of the learning tools for an online assessment, Jido-Eiken, a standardized English proficiency test for young learners in Japan, we examined young learners' game-playing behaviours and the relationship of these…

Butler, Yuko Goto; Someya, Yuumi; Fukuhara, Eiji

2014-01-01

435

Guest Editors Introduction: Machine Learning in Speech and Language Technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Machine learning techniques have long been the foundations of speech processing. Bayesian classiflcation, decision trees, unsupervised cluster- ing, the EM algorithm, maximum entropy, etc. are all part of existing speech recognition systems. The success of statistical speech recogni- tion has led to the rise of statistical and empirical methods in natural language processing. Indeed, many of the machine learning techniques

Pascale Fung; Dan Roth

2005-01-01

436

An Investigation of Motivation to Transfer Second Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on motivation in second language (L2) education has tended to focus on learning; this study took an alternative perspective, examining students' motivation to transfer L2 learning. Data were gathered through semi-structured interviews with 40 students who were enrolled in several sections of a university English-for-academic-purposes…

James, Mark Andrew

2012-01-01

437

The relationship between motivational systems and second language learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present paper is based on research was done to study the relationship between motivational systems and second language learning. To do so, from 31000 students of high school in Ardabil city in 2008–9 academic years, 780 participants were selected via multi stage cluster sampling by using Cochran's formula. The instrument for date gathering was the Motivated Strategies for Learning

Maryam Mohammadi; Mahdi Moenikia; Adel Zahed-Babelan

2010-01-01

438

Experience-Based Language Learning through Asynchronous Discussion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From a social-interactionist's view of language learning, "reflective conversation" via CMC, particularly through the asynchronous mode, has been advocated (Lamy & Goodfellow, 1999). It emphasizes learning through reflection on experience and through the exchange of thoughts with others. Guided by this pedagogical model, asynchronous discussion…

Chen, Chi-Fen Emily

2005-01-01

439

Programmed Instruction Versus Guided Learning in Foreign Language Acquisition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Criticism against the application of Skinnerian programed instruction techniques to foreign language learning is advanced, while the development of a largely self-instructional guided learning program with live teachers and other students is advocated. Major attention is directed to an explanation of the principles of programed instruction, the…

Valdman, Albert

1968-01-01

440

Musical Expertise and Second Language Learning  

PubMed Central

Increasing evidence suggests that musical expertise influences brain organization and brain functions. Moreover, results at the behavioral and neurophysiological levels reveal that musical expertise positively influences several aspects of speech processing, from auditory perception to speech production. In this review, we focus on the main results of the literature that led to the idea that musical expertise may benefit second language acquisition. We discuss several interpretations that may account for the influence of musical expertise on speech processing in native and foreign languages, and we propose new directions for future research. PMID:24961431

Chobert, Julie; Besson, Mireille

2013-01-01

441

Musical expertise and second language learning.  

PubMed

Increasing evidence suggests that musical expertise influences brain organization and brain functions. Moreover, results at the behavioral and neurophysiological levels reveal that musical expertise positively influences several aspects of speech processing, from auditory perception to speech production. In this review, we focus on the main results of the literature that led to the idea that musical expertise may benefit second language acquisition. We discuss several interpretations that may account for the influence of musical expertise on speech processing in native and foreign languages, and we propose new directions for future research. PMID:24961431

Chobert, Julie; Besson, Mireille

2013-01-01

442

The Decision-Making Process in Language Program Placement: Test and Nontest Factors Interacting in Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of tests has been targeted as a critical point in validity, which suggests that contexts for test use warrant closer investigation. This article describes a study of decision making during test use in the context of a university intensive English language program. Over a period of 2 1/2 years, data were collected by audio-recording…

Plakans, Lia; Burke, Maureen

2013-01-01

443

Context-Sensitive Auto-Sanitization in Web Templating Languages Using Type Qualifiers  

E-print Network

Context-Sensitive Auto-Sanitization in Web Templating Languages Using Type Qualifiers Mike Samuel backwards compatibility, per- formance and formal security through a context-sensitive auto- sanitization results. The predominant first-line of defense against scripting vul- nerabilities is sanitization

Song, Dawn

444

Context Switch Effects on Acquisition and Extinction in Human Predictive Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four experiments tested context switch effects on acquisition and extinction in human predictive learning. A context switch impaired probability judgments about a cue-outcome relationship when the cue was trained in a context in which a different cue underwent extinction. The context switch also impaired judgments about a cue trained in a context

Rosas, Juan M.; Callejas-Aguilera, Jose E.

2006-01-01

445

Sentential Context Modulates the Involvement of the Motor Cortex in Action Language Processing: An fMRI Study  

PubMed Central

Theories of embodied cognition propose that language comprehension is based on perceptual and motor processes. More specifically, it is hypothesized that neurons processing verbs describing bodily actions, and those that process the corresponding physical actions, fire simultaneously during action verb learning. Thus the concept and motor activation become strongly linked. According to this view, the language-induced activation of the neural substrates for action is automatic. By contrast, a weak view of embodied cognition proposes that activation of these motor regions is modulated by context. In recent studies it was found that action verbs in literal sentences activate the motor system, while mixed results were observed for action verbs in non-literal sentences. Thus, whether the recruitment of motor regions is automatic or context dependent remains a question. We investigated functional magnetic resonance imaging activation in response to non-literal and literal sentences including arm and leg related actions. The sentence structure was such that the action verb was the last word in the subordinate clause. Thus, the constraining context was presented well before the verb. Region of interest analyses showed that action verbs in literal context engage the motor regions to a greater extent than non-literal action verbs. There was no evidence for a semantic somatotopic organization of the motor cortex. Taken together, these results indicate that during comprehension, the degree to which motor regions are recruited is context dependent, supporting the weak view of embodied cognition. PMID:23580364

Schuil, Karen D. I.; Smits, Marion; Zwaan, Rolf A.

2013-01-01

446

Even Math Requires Learning Academic Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

ELLs need to practice using the language in their speech. Teachers can ask students to restate the definition in their own words and provide opportunities for students to use academic vocabulary in discussions. Chunking (instead of teaching inch in isolation, also teach foot, centimeter, and yard) helps students develop their schema and mentally…

Barrow, Melissa A.

2014-01-01

447

Second-Language Learning through Imaginative Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores how Egan's (1997) work on imagination can enrich our understanding of teaching English as a second language (ESL). Much has been written on ESL teaching techniques; however, some of this work has been expounded in a standard educational framework, which is what Egan calls an assembly-line model. This model can easily underlie…

Broom, Catherine

2011-01-01

448

Second Language Learning by Young Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Six papers presented at a conference on early childhood first and second language acquisition sponsored by the California state legislature's Child Development Programs Advisory Committee include: "Bilingual Development and the Education of Bilingual Children During Early Childhood" (Eugene E. Garcia); "An English-Only Preschool Program" (William…

California Child Development Programs Advisory Committee, Sacramento.

449

Strategies for Person-Centered Language Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of more than 30 activities is designed to provide the second language teacher with practical ideas for creating a more person-centered, communicative environment in the classroom. Any environment that human beings create is a product of their expectations. The expectations that students and teachers have for each other in many…

Boylan, Patricia C.; Omaggio, Alice C.

450

Augmenting Reading Skills through Language Learning Transfer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is the syllabus of a Latin course developed by the Indianapolis Public Schools for elementary school children, based on the Latin FLES materials of the Philadelphia Public Schools. The program is based on the theory that the study of a second language will increase the student's understanding and control of his native tongue. The…

Indianapolis Public Schools, IN.

451

Early Language Learning with and without Music.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes how 80 students who spoke Spanish at home were randomly assigned one of four teachers, two who used a great deal of music in their classrooms while the other two did not. Suggests that music had a positive effect on oral language and reading scores. (SG)

Fisher, Douglas

2001-01-01

452

Learning an Additional Language Through Dialogic Inquiry  

Microsoft Academic Search

It has been increasingly recognised that classroom discourse plays an important social role as a semiotic mediator of knowledge construction with respect to curriculum content. The assumption is that through active verbal engagement with a topic of interest, students are enabled to master the modes of language use associated with schooling – the various genres and registers specific to the

Mari Haneda; Gordon Wells

2008-01-01

453

Literature as an Organic Language Learning Tool  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a conceptual paper, based on several semesters of collaboration in which the American author interacted with students in the Taiwanese author's EFL classes in Taiwan. The best native language users are typically those who read extensively, especially reading for pleasure in their youth. This gives them a large vocabulary and an intuitive…

Marek, Michael; Wu, Pin-hsiang Natalie

2011-01-01

454

Mental pollution hinders foreign language learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This present study was carried out to indicate that mastery in foreign language is achievable for adults similar to children, only that it is greatly slowed by mental pollution – contamination of the mind by different forms of sexual, violent and scary visual images – which younger learners are mostly protected from. In order to inquire further about mental pollution

Yakup Çetin

2011-01-01

455

In-context language control with production tasks in bilinguals: An fMRI study.  

PubMed

Bilinguals exhibit a feat to control their two languages in conversation. The neural substrates of bilingual language control have been well investigated with language switching paradigm. Yet, most of those studies have taken single lexical items (i.e., words outside a context) as the investigative tool. In the present study, we examined the neural substrates of in-context language control in unbalanced bilinguals with a sentence-end switching paradigm. Our results showed that in-context language control in bilinguals recruited the neural mechanisms that were similar in kind to those responsible for cognitive control in general. When the direction of switching was considered, we found that backward switching called for more cognitive/language control relative to forward switching. Behaviorally, symmetric switching costs were found regardless of the switching factor (switching vs. non-switching) and the language factor (L1 vs. L2). We interpreted our imaging and behavioral results as the effects of context when unbalanced bilinguals controlled their two languages in a context. PMID:25148704

Zhang, Yong; Huang, Peiyu; Song, Zhe; Fang, Liang; Shen, Tong; Li, Yan; Gong, Qiyong; Xie, Peng

2014-10-17

456

Developing a Maori Language Mathematics Lexicon: Challenges for Corpus Planning in Indigenous Language Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the last 25 years, there has been significant modernisation and elaboration of the Maori language mathematics lexicon and register to support the teaching of (Western) mathematics as a component of Maori-medium schooling. These developments are situated within the wider Maori language revitalisation movement in Aotearoa/New Zealand, of which…

Trinick, Tony; May, Stephen

2013-01-01

457

Motivational Dynamics in Language Learning: Change, Stability, and Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Motivation as a variable in L2 development is no longer seen as the stable individual difference factor it was once believed to be: Influenced by process-oriented models and principles, and especially by the growing understanding of how complex dynamic systems work, researchers have been focusing increasingly on the dynamic and changeable nature…

Waninge, Freerkien; Dörnyei, Zoltán; De Bot, Kees

2014-01-01

458

Relations between Personality Traits, Language Learning Styles and Success in Foreign Language Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to show that the reflections of different personality types can be observed in students' developing different learning styles for themselves. It is hypothesized that personality may be a dominant factor in achieving the educational goals through several learning styles in foreign language achievement. To clarify this…

Erton, Ismail

2010-01-01

459

Learning Regular Languages Using Nondeterministic Finite Automata  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new general method for inference of regular languages using nondeterministic automata as output has recently been developed\\u000a and proved to converge. The aim of this paper is to describe and analyze the behavior of two implementations of that method\\u000a and to compare it with two well known algorithms for the same task. A complete set of experiments has been

Pedro García; Manuel Vazquez De Parga; Gloria Alvarez; José Ruiz

2008-01-01

460

An Adaptive Navigation Support System for Conducting Context-Aware Ubiquitous Learning in Museums  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In context-aware ubiquitous learning, students are guided to learn in the real world with personalized supports from the learning system. As the learning resources are realistic objects in the real world, certain physical constraints, such as the limitation of stream of people who visit the same learning object, the time for moving from one object…

Chiou, Chuang-Kai; Tseng, Judy C. R.; Hwang, Gwo-Jen; Heller, Shelly

2010-01-01

461

Robust arm and hand tracking by unsupervised context learning.  

PubMed

Hand tracking in video is an increasingly popular research field due to the rise of novel human-computer interaction methods. However, robust and real-time hand tracking in unconstrained environments remains a challenging task due to the high number of degrees of freedom and the non-rigid character of the human hand. In this paper, we propose an unsupervised method to automatically learn the context in which a hand is embedded. This context includes the arm and any other object that coherently moves along with the hand. We introduce two novel methods to incorporate this context information into a probabilistic tracking framework, and introduce a simple yet effective solution to estimate the position of the arm. Finally, we show that our method greatly increases robustness against occlusion and cluttered background, without degrading tracking performance if no contextual information is available. The proposed real-time algorithm is shown to outperform the current state-of-the-art by evaluating it on three publicly available video datasets. Furthermore, a novel dataset is created and made publicly available for the research community. PMID:25004155

Spruyt, Vincent; Ledda, Alessandro; Philips, Wilfried

2014-01-01

462

Action learning sets in a nursing and midwifery practice learning context: a realistic evaluation.  

PubMed

Action learning sets (ALS) are used widely for organisational and workforce development, including in nursing (Anderson and Thorpe, 2004; Pounder, 2009; Young et al., 2010). In the United Kingdom, a multi-faceted educational Pilot programme for new nurses and midwives was implemented to accelerate their clinical practice and leadership development (NHS Education Scotland, 2010). Action Learning Sets were provided for peer support and personal development. The Realistic Evaluation study reported in this paper explored issues of context, mechanism and outcome (Pawson and Tilley, 1997) influencing the action learning experiences of: programme participants (recently qualified nurses and midwives, from different practice settings); and programme supporters. A range of data were collected via: online questionnaires from 66 participants and 29 supporters; three focus groups, each comprising between eight and 10 programme participants; and one focus group with three action learning facilitators. The qualitative data pertaining to the ALS are presented in this paper. Thematic data analysis of context, mechanism and outcome configurations, generated five themes: creating and sustaining a collective learning environment; challenging constructively; collective support; the role of feedback; and effectiveness of ALS. Study outcomes suggest nursing and midwifery action learning should (a) be facilitated positively to improve participants' experience; (b) be renamed to avoid learning methodology confusion; and (c) be outcome focused to evidence impact on practice. PMID:24480095

Machin, Alison I; Pearson, Pauline

2014-08-01

463

THEORY-BASED SUPPORT FOR MOBILE LANGUAGE LEARNING: NOTICING AND RECORDING Theory-based Support for Mobile Language  

E-print Network

language learner based on language learning research, focussing on explicit learner awarenessTHEORY-BASED SUPPORT FOR MOBILE LANGUAGE LEARNING: NOTICING AND RECORDING Theory-based Support for Mobile Language Learning: Noticing and Recording doi:10.3991/ijim.v3i2.740 A. Kukulska-Hulme1 and S. Bull

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

464

The "Burden" of Emotions in Language Teaching: Negotiating a Troubled Past in "Other"-Language Learning Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper focuses on language classes where Greek-Cypriot students learn Turkish as their second Modern Foreign Language (MFL). Literature on MFL learning and emotions tends to focus on learners' emotions in relation to the production of the new language; however, MFL learning is also a space that provides the opportunity to language

Charalambous, Constadina

2013-01-01

465

The Relationship between Self-Regulation and Online Learning in a Blended Learning Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reviewed the distance education and self-regulation literatures to identify learner self-regulation skills predictive of academic success in a blended education context. Five self-regulatory attributes were judged likely to be predictive of academic performance: intrinsic goal orientation, self-efficacy for learning and performance,…

Lynch, Richard; Dembo, Myron

2004-01-01

466

Affordances for Second Language Learning in "World of Warcraft"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What are the affordances of online gaming environments for second language learning and socialization? To answer this question, this qualitative study examines two college-age Spanish learners' experiences participating in the Spanish language version of the massively multi-player online game "World of Warcraft." Using data culled from participant…

Rama, Paul S.; Black, Rebecca W.; van Es, Elizabeth; Warschauer, Mark

2012-01-01

467

The Digital Playground: Kindergarten Children Learning Sign Language through Multimedia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article discusses a study of 4-5 year old children's use of technology to assist and enhance the acquisition of a play lexicon within a formal educational setting. The new language system to be learned was Auslan, a signed/nonverbal language. A purpose specific software program was developed by the authors, "Auslan Kids," in order to test and…

Ellis, Kirsten; Blashki, Kathy

2007-01-01

468

Promoting Learner Autonomy: Learning from the Japanese Language Learners' Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper focuses on the difficulties of learners of Japanese as a second language from non-kanji backgrounds and the special difficulties they encounter in trying to learn the kanji writing system. It is asserted that most teachers of Japanese as a second language do not spend enough time on kanji teaching, with the students typically forced to…

Usuki, Miyuki

469

Language Play, a Collaborative Resource in Children's L2 learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Within '"communicative language teaching," "natural" language has had a privileged position, and a focus on form has been seen as something inauthentic or as something that is inconsequential for learning (for a critique, see Kramsch and Sullivan 1996; Cook 1997). Yet in the present study of an immersion classroom, it was found that children with…

Cekaite, Asta; Aronsson, Karin

2005-01-01

470

Welcome to HELL : Humor in English Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Humor means understanding not only the language and words but their use, meaning, subtle nuances, the underlying culture, implications and unwritten messages. Humor does not often travel well from one culture to another, as each society has a somewhat different concept of what is funny (Dobson, 1987). In Foreign Language Learning (FLL), the…

Tuncay, Hidayet

2007-01-01

471

Pragmatics and Language Learning. Monograph Series Volume 6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The series of articles in this volume were selected from among those presented at the 8th Annual International Conference on Pragmatics and Language Learning in April 1994. Articles include: "The Right Tool for the Job: Techniques for Analysis of Natural Language Use" (Georgia M. Green); "Sinclair & Coulthard Revisited: Global- and…

Bouton, Lawrence F., Ed.

472

Tablets for Informal Language Learning: Student Usage and Attitudes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile-assisted language learning (MALL), a relatively new area of CALL inquiry, is gaining more and more attention from language educators with the development of new mobile devices. Tablet computers--featuring high mobility, convenient network connectivity, and smart application extendibility--are part of a wave of the latest mobile inventions;…

Chen, Xiao-Bin

2013-01-01

473

Language Learning Motivation: Who Do You Want to Be?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author critiques six articles. Five of the six articles are about motivation in language learning, an area which has seen considerable theoretical and empirical development over the last decade. The articles she reviews include: (1) Udo Jung's report on the top twelve "most prestigious FLT (foreign language teaching) journals"…

Broady, Elspeth

2005-01-01

474

Dilemmas of Blended Language Learning: Learner and Teacher Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rapidly advancing technology continues to change the landscape of blended foreign language education. Pinpointing the differences between blended language (BL) learning environments and understanding how stakeholders experience such spaces is complex. However, learner experiences can provide a roadmap for the design and development of BL courses.…

Gleason, Jesse

2013-01-01

475

Digital Gaming and Language Learning: Autonomy and Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship between digital game play and second language (L2) learning is a particularly tricky issue in East Asia. Though there is an emerging presence of Chinese online games, many more young people are playing the English- or Japanese-language versions of the most popular commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) video games. In other words, most…

Chik, Alice

2014-01-01

476

Language learning and the technology of international communications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The author posits a reciprocal relationship between the recent popularisation of computer-based technology and the democratisation of Central and Eastern Europe. Brief reference is made to their common denominator, language and language change. The advent of the communicative approach to language learning and the new wave of language authenticity arising from it, both enhanced by the technological revolution, have made the defining of acceptability in the classroom and of communication in the process of testing more problematic than ever, although several advantages have also accrued. Advances in technology have generally outstripped our ability to apply their full or characteristic potential. While technology can personalise learning and in this way make learning more efficient, it can also impede motivation. Old methods, drills and routines are tending to be sustained by it. Lack of technology can also widen the gulf between developed, developing and underdeveloped countries of the world. The author proposes international partnerships as a means of preventing an imbalance which could threaten stability. Single language dominance is another threat to international understanding, given the growing awareness of our multilingual and multicultural environment. Enlightened language policies reaching from the individual to beyond the national community are needed, which adopt these aspects of language learning, explain decisions about the state's choice of languages and, at the same time, promote individual choice wherever practicable.

Batley, Edward

1991-03-01

477

The Cultural Dimensions of Language Teaching and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Language teaching and learning has many different cultural dimensions, and over the years more and more of these have been the subject of research. The first dimension to be explored was that of content: the images of target language countries and the world that were offered in textbooks and presented in class. The next dimension was that of the…

Risager, Karen

2011-01-01

478

Second Language Vocabulary Learning and Teaching: Still a Hot Topic  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For many reasons second language vocabulary learning and teaching continues to be a topic of interest for learners, instructors, and researchers. This article describes the implementation of personal glossaries in a community program offering English as second language classes to Latina/o Spanish speaking adults. Field notes, interviews, and…

Larrotta, Clarena

2011-01-01

479

New Trends in Computer Assisted Language Learning and Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Articles in this special issue include the following: "ICT and Modern Foreign Languages: Learning Opportunities and Training Needs" (Graham Davies); "Authoring, Pedagogy and the Web: Expectations Versus Reality" (Paul Bangs); "Web-based Instructional Environments: Tools and Techniques for Effective Second Language Acquisition" (Esperanza Roman);…

Perez-Paredes, Pascual, Ed.; Cantos-Gomez, Pascual, Ed.

2002-01-01

480

Personalizing Foreign Language Instruction: Learning Styles and Teaching Options.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume consists of the following papers selected from those presented at the 1977 Central States Conference on the Teaching of Foreign Languages: (1) "Educational Cognitive Style: A Basis for Personalizing Foreign Language Instruction," by Derek N. Nunney; (2) "Discovering Student Learning Styles through Cognitive Style Mapping," by Helen S.…

Schulz, Renate A., Ed.

481

Improving Natural Language Parsing Through Machine Learning and Lexical Resources  

E-print Network

Improving Natural Language Parsing Through Machine Learning and Lexical Resources Conor Cafferkey@computing.dcu.ie Natural language parsing Parsing is the process of deducing the syntactic structure of a string such as Information Extraction (IE), Machine translation (MT) and Text Summarisation. Types of parsing: Shallow

Narasayya, Vivek

482

The Influence of Email on Language Learning: A Positive Impact.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the influence of e-mail on English language learning among college freshmen enrolled in a remedial English class. English was considered the first or second foreign language for all participants. Students were divided into two groups. One group was allowed face to face communication in class and during office hours with the…

Sabieh, Christine

483

Genetic Influences on Learning Disabilities and Speech and Language Disorders.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Comprehensively reviews known examples of genetically influenced learning disabilities and speech and language disorders, including familial dyslexia, stuttering, and other speech and language disorders, as well as sex-chromosome anomalies, treated PKU, and minor auto-somal anomalies. (Author/RH)

Pennington, Bruce F.

1983-01-01

484

Integrating Intercultural Competence into Language Learning through Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Culture has long been seen as a fundamental component of language learning. While its importance is universally recognized, there is no consensus on what the term encompasses, how culture should be integrated into language instruction, or on what role technology can and should play in that process. In this column, we will be looking at the latter…

Godwin-Jones, Robert

2013-01-01

485

Multiple Intelligences and Language Learning Strategies: Investigating Possible Relations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study was conducted to investigate the existence of any possible relationship between the use of language learning strategies and multiple intelligences' scores of foreign language learners of English. Ninety subjects participated in the study. To measure the participants' multiple intelligence scores, MIDAS, a commercially designed…

Akbari, Ramin; Hosseini, Kobra

2008-01-01

486

Experience with Serious Games for Learning Foreign Languages and Cultures  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Tactical Language and Culture Training System (TLCTS) that is an interactive learning platform t hat helps people quickly acquire communication skills i n foreign languages and cultures. It integrates se rious game technology and intelligent tutoring system technolo gy. Learners alternate between working on interact ive lessons that teach communication skills and interactive games th at require learners to

W. Lewis Johnson; Ning Wang; Shumin Wu

487

Neural Substrates for String-Context Mutual Segmentation: A Path to Human Language  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Linguistic structures are products of biological prerequisites and historical processes. Here we consider a number of neural, behavioral, and learning mechanisms that serve necessary or facilitating roles in the initiation of historical processes. We hypothesize that if mutual segmentation of strings and contexts is promoted by particular biological adaptations and ecological pressures, this could initiate a subsequent historical process of linguistic elaboration. To enable this mutual segmentation, three biological sub-faculties are indispensable: vocal learning, string segmentation, and contextual segmentation. Vocal learning enabled intentional control of vocal output via the direct connection between face motor cortex and medullary vocal nuclei.

Okanoya, Kazuo; Merker, Bjorn

488

The Relative Efficacy of Explicit and Implicit Feedback in the Learning of a Less-Commonly-Taught Foreign Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an attempt to test the generalizability of the role and contributions of interactional feedback in second language acquisition, this study examines the issue in the context of learning Korean as a less-commonly-taught foreign language at the post-secondary level. Further, it looks into the explicitness of feedback as a factor in foreign…

Kang, Hyun-Sook

2009-01-01

489

Brief Report: Do Children with Autism Gather Information from Social Contexts to Aid Their Word Learning?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Typically developing (TD) infants could capitalize on social eye gaze and social contexts to aid word learning. Although children with autism disorder (AD) are known to exhibit atypicality in word learning via social eye gaze, their ability to utilize social contexts for word learning is not well understood. We investigated whether verbal AD…

Jing, Wei; Fang, Junming

2014-01-01

490

Using and modeling context with ontology in e-learning: the case of teacher's personal annotation  

E-print Network

Using and modeling context with ontology in e-learning: the case of teacher's personal annotation As in traditional education, documents are one of the main resources handled in e- learning. Since these pedagogical a context ontology to be used by a specific e-learning application, MemoNote. The article is organized

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

491

Raising Language Awareness in Peer Interaction: A Cross-Context, Cross-Methodology Examination  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, both a cognitive and a sociocultural theoretical perspective are used to bring together findings from two studies that investigated the effects of instruction designed to enhance the potentially positive effect of peer interaction on L2 development. Despite differences between the studies' learning contexts, participants' age, and…

Sato, Masatoshi; Ballinger, Susan

2012-01-01

492

Acquisition, learning, or development of language? Skinner's "Verbal Behavior" revisited.  

PubMed

In 1957, Skinner, in his "Verbal Behavior", proposed an explanation on how a language is learned. In 1959, Chomsky strongly argued the non-learnability of language, establishing in the field of developmental psycholinguistics the substitution of the term "learning" for that of "acquisition". Currently, the constructivist models describe language acquisition as a process of ontogenetic, gradual, complex, and adaptive change. This new theoretical framework has been especially useful for rereading Verbal Behavior because it facilitates recovering the Skinnerian learning mechanisms. This can be observed in the recent research trends that recapture reinforcement and imitation (echoic responses), although they are now located in the initial phases of the process and are included in a cognitive dynamic that, by gradually increasing its complexity, can achieve grammar. The new constructivist theoretical framework, by retrieving the functional and referential aspects of language, can also take advantage of the classic Skinnerian proposal about the pragmatic types of verbal behavior, providing it with new meaning. PMID:15581237

López Ornat, Susana; Gallo, Pilar

2004-11-01

493

ForPeerReview Striatal Degeneration Impairs Language Learning: Evidence from  

E-print Network

ForPeerReview Striatal Degeneration Impairs Language Learning: Evidence from Huntington's Disease. Running title: Striatum and language rule learning Keywords : Huntington's disease, striatum, language, rule learning, executive control Abbreviations: HD = Huntington's disease; TFC = total functional

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

494

Browsers for autonomous and contextualized language learning: tools and theories  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a new paradigm for Computer Assisted Language Learning (CALL). This paradigm aims at the develop- ment of linguistically and pedagogically competent Web-browsers for autonomous exploration of a second language (L2). We introduce Gymn@zilla, a browser-like application which converts Web-pages automatically into language lessons. Gymn@zilla combines annotated reading of Web-pages with exploration tools and the possibility to create personal

Oliver Streiter; Judith Knapp; Leonhard Voltmer; Daniel Zielinski

2005-01-01

495

Widening the lens: what the manual modality reveals about language, learning and cognition.  

PubMed

The goal of this paper is to widen the lens on language to include the manual modality. We look first at hearing children who are acquiring language from a spoken language model and find that even before they use speech to communicate, they use gesture. Moreover, those gestures precede, and predict, the acquisition of structures in speech. We look next at deaf children whose hearing losses prevent them from using the oral modality, and whose hearing parents have not presented them with a language model in the manual modality. These children fall back on the manual modality to communicate and use gestures, which take on many of the forms and functions of natural language. These homemade gesture systems constitute the first step in the emergence of manual sign systems that are shared within deaf communities and are full-fledged languages. We end by widening the lens on sign language to include gesture and find that signers not only gesture, but they also use gesture in learning contexts just as speakers do. These findings suggest that what is key in gesture's ability to predict learning is its ability to add a second representational format to communication, rather than a second modality. Gesture can thus be language, assuming linguistic forms and functions, when other vehicles are not available; but when speech or sign is possible, gesture works along with language, providing an additional representational format that can promote learning. PMID:25092663

Goldin-Meadow, Susan

2014-09-19

496

Facilitating Exposure to Sign Languages of the World: The Case for Mobile Assisted Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Foreign sign language instruction is an important, but overlooked area of study. Thus the purpose of this paper was two-fold. First, the researcher sought to determine the level of knowledge and interest in foreign sign language among Deaf teenagers along with their learning preferences. Results from a survey indicated that over a third of the…

Parton, Becky Sue

2014-01-01

497

Exploring the Relationship between Second Language Acquisition and Foreign Language Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on second language acquisition (SLA) and research on foreign language learning (FLL), often regarded as different and separate fields of inquiry, are compared in a brief review of literature. Perceptions about the scopes and characteristics of the research are examined. Concerns about the relationship between SLA research and theory and…

VanPatten, Bill; Lee, James F.

1988-01-01

498

Associations between Chinese Language classroom environments and students' motivation to learn the language  

Microsoft Academic Search

Associations between the nature of Chinese Language Classroom Environments and Singapore secondary school students' motivation to learn the Chinese Language were investigated. A sample of 1,460 secondary three (grade 9) students from 50 express stream (above average academic ability) classes in Singapore government secondary schools was involved in the study. The perceptual measure approach was used to investigate the nature

Siew Lian Chua

2009-01-01

499

When Language of Instruction and Language of Application Differ: Cognitive Costs of Bilingual Mathematics Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Bilingual education programs implicitly assume that the acquired knowledge is represented in a language-independent way. This assumption, however, stands in strong contrast to research findings showing that information may be represented in a way closely tied to the specific language of instruction and learning. The present study aims to examine…

Saalbach, Henrik; Eckstein, Doris; Andri, Nicoletta; Hobi, Reto; Grabner, Roland H.

2013-01-01

500

Many languages, many motivations: A study of Hong Kong students’ motivation to learn different target languages  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports the findings of a 2003 study involving 526 Hong Kong tertiary students, aiming to explore their motivation towards the learning of English, Putonghua and a chosen third language (French, German or Japanese). Based on Dörnyei’s and Csizér’s (2002) work [Dörnyei, Z., Csizér, K., 2002. Some dynamics of language attitudes and motivation: results of a nationwide survey. Applied

Gillian Humphreys; Mary Spratt

2008-01-01