Sample records for laparoscopic pelvic anatomy

  1. Laparoscopic ovarian transposition for pelvic malignancies: indications and functional outcomes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Philippe Morice; Damienne Castaigne; Christine Haie-Meder; Patricia Pautier; Janah El Hassan; Pierre Duvillard; Alain Gerbaulet; Guy Michel

    1998-01-01

    Objective: To assess the indications and effectiveness of laparoscopic ovarian transposition before pelvic irradiation for a gynecologic cancer.Design: Prospective study.Setting: A gynecologic oncology department in a French anti-cancer center.Patient(s): Twenty-four patients treated for pelvic cancer.Intervention(s): Laparoscopic ovarian transposition to paracolic gutters. Uterine conservation in 18 patients.Main Outcome Measure(s): Clinical and laboratory follow-up tests of ovarian function.Result(s): Bilateral laparoscopic ovarian transposition

  2. Cutaneous Metastasis Following Laparoscopic Pelvic Lymphadenectomy for Prostatic Carcinoma

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chr H. Bangma; W. J. Kirkels; S. Chadha; F. H. Schroder

    1995-01-01

    A case of implantation metastasis in the abdominal wall following transabdominal laparoscopic pelvic lymphadenectomy is reported. A cutaneous nodule was palpated at 1 of the laparoscopic ports 6 months after laparoscopic lymphadenectomy in a 66-year-old patient with stage T3pN1M0, grade 2 adenocarcinoma of the prostate. Aspiration cytology confirmed metastatic adenocarcinoma.

  3. Laparoscopic anatomy of caprine abdomen and laparoscopic liver biopsy.

    PubMed

    Kassem, M M; el-Gendy, S A A; Abdel-Wahed, R E; el-Kammar, M

    2011-02-01

    This study was carried out on apparently healthy adult non pregnant female Baladi goats to provide normal laparoscopic anatomy of the abdomen and to assess feasibility of laparoscopy for liver biopsy. Following preparation of animals, equipment and instruments, the primary port and laparoscope was placed on the umbilicus and 360° scan was performed for orientation and exploration of the abdominal cavity. Secondary ports were placed under direct laparoscopic observation to allow insertion of accessory instruments for tissue grasping, coagulation and severing. The obtained results cleared that ventral laparoscopic approach and tilting and rotating the animal during laparoscopic procedures provided better exposure of internal abdomen. Laparoscopy provided a comprehensive description of cranial and caudal abdominal regions. Laparoscopic liver biopsy required two secondary ports; one assisting port inserted in right subcostal area and one operating port inserted subxiphoid. The procedure was safe, practical and easily performed. PMID:20553700

  4. Effective Management of Pelvic Lymphocysts by Laparoscopic Marsupialfeation

    PubMed Central

    Ghamande, Sharad; Hempling, Ronald E.; Piver, M. Steven

    1999-01-01

    Background and Objectives: To evaluate laparoscopic transperitoneal marsupialization of pelvic lymphocysts at the time of laparoscopically directed assessment of response to first-line therapy in a population of patients treated for International Federation of Gynecologists and Obstetricians (FIGO) stage IC-IIC epithelial ovarian cancer. Methods: Between March 1995 and March 1998, eight patients with FIGO stage IC-IIC serous epithelial ovarian tumors who developed pelvic lymphocysts after primary surgical staging underwent transperitoneal laparoscopically directed marsupialization of lymphocysts at the time of second-look laparoscopy. Results: The mean age of the patient population was 50 years (range 23-65 years). The mean length of time required for marsupialization was 30 minutes (range 25-35 minutes). No patient required inpatient postoperative care. No intraoperative complications were observed. Computerized axial tomography (CT) scan of the abdomen and pelvis obtained 12 weeks following surgery failed to demonstrate re-accumulation of lymphocysts among any patient in the study population. With a median follow-up of 20 months (range 3-39 months), no patients have demonstrated pelvic lymphocyst recurrence. Conclusions and Discussion: Laparoscopically directed marsupialization of pelvic lymphocysts is technically feasible, safe and effective. Further study of this technique appears to be warranted. PMID:10444006

  5. Magnetic resonance assessment of pelvic anatomy and pelvic floor disorders after childbirth.

    PubMed

    Handa, Victoria L; Lockhart, Mark E; Kenton, Kimberly S; Bradley, Catherine S; Fielding, Julia R; Cundiff, Geoffrey W; Salomon, Caryl G; Hakim, Christiane; Ye, Wen; Richter, Holly E

    2009-02-01

    To compare pelvic anatomy, using magnetic resonance imaging, between postpartum women with or without pelvic floor disorders. We measured postpartum bony and soft tissue pelvic dimensions in 246 primiparas, 6-12-months postpartum. Anatomy was compared between women with and without urinary or fecal incontinence, or pelvic organ prolapse; P < 0.01 was considered statistically significant. A deeper sacral hollow was significantly associated with fecal incontinence (P = 0.005). Urinary incontinence was marginally associated with a wider intertuberous diameter (P = 0.017) and pelvic arch (P = 0.017). There were no significant differences in pelvimetry measures between women with and without prolapse (e.g., vaginal or cervical descent to or beyond the hymen). We did not detect meaningful differences in soft tissue dimensions for women with and without these pelvic floor disorders. Dimensions of the bony pelvis do not differ substantially between primiparous women with and without postpartum urinary incontinence, fecal incontinence and prolapse. PMID:18846311

  6. [Functional anatomy of the pelvic floor].

    PubMed

    Yiou, René; Delmas, Vincent

    2013-01-01

    The pelvic floor is the support of the pelvic viscera. The levator ani muscle (LA) with its two bundles (pubo- and iliococcygeus) is the major component of this pelvic floor. LA is formed essentially by type I fibers (slow twitch, with high oxidative capability and presence of slow myosin) as in postural muscles. The aerobic metabolism makes LA fragile to excentric contraction and to mitochondrial dysfunction. The innervation of the pelvic floor comes from the 2nd, 3rd, 4th anterior sacral roots; denervation affects pelvic dynamism. Perineum includes the musculofascial structures under the LA: ventrally the striated sphincter of urethra and the ischiocavernosus and bulbospongiosus, caudally the fatty tissue filling the ischioanal fossa. Pelvic fascia covers the muscles ; it presents reinforcements : the uterosacral and cardinal ligaments, the arcus tendineus fascia pelvis (ATFP) and the arcus tendineus levator ani (ATLA). The pelvis statics is supported by the combined action of all this anatomical structures anteriorly forming the perineal "hammock," medially the uterosacral and cardinal ligaments, posteriorly the rectovaginal fascia and the perineal body. The angles formed by the pelvic viscera with their evacuation ducts participate to the pelvic statics. During the pelvic dynamics the modification of these angles expresses the action of the musculofascial structures. PMID:24260836

  7. Magnetic Resonance Assessment of Pelvic Anatomy and Pelvic Floor Disorders after Childbirth

    PubMed Central

    Handa, Victoria L.; Lockhart, Mark E.; Kenton, Kimberly S.; Bradley, Catherine S.; Fielding, Julia R.; Cundiff, Geoffrey W.; Salomon, Caryl G.; Hakim, Christiane; Ye, Wen; Richter, Holly E.

    2010-01-01

    Introduction and Hypothesis To compare pelvic anatomy, using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), between women with or without pelvic floor disorders 6-12 months after a first delivery. Methods We measured postpartum bony and soft tissue pelvic dimensions in 246 primiparas. Pelvic anatomy was compared between women with and without urinary or fecal incontinence, pelvic organ prolapse, and obstetrical anal sphincter lacerations. Because of multiple comparisons, P<0.01 was considered statistically significant. Results A deeper sacral hollow was significantly associated with fecal incontinence (p=0.005). We identified trends between urinary incontinence and a wider intertuberous diameter (p=0.017) and a wider pelvic arch (p=0.017). We also noted a trend in increasing transverse inlet diameter with increasing prolapse (p=0.034). A shorter anterioposterior outlet was marginally associated with obstetrical sphincter laceration (p=0.020). None of these latter associations were statistically significant. Conclusions MR assessment of pelvic anatomy did not reliably distinguish postpartum women with uterovaginal prolapse or symptoms of urinary or fecal incontinence. PMID:18846311

  8. Normal Vulvovaginal, Perineal, and Pelvic Anatomy with Reconstructive Considerations

    PubMed Central

    Yavagal, Sujata; de Farias, Thais F.; Medina, Carlos A.; Takacs, Peter

    2011-01-01

    A thorough insight into the female genital anatomy is crucial for understanding and performing pelvic reconstructive procedures. The intimate relationship between the genitalia and the muscles, ligaments, and fascia that provide support is complex, but critical to restore during surgery for correction of prolapse or aesthetic reasons. The external female genitalia include the mons pubis, labia majora and minora, clitoris, vestibule with glands, perineal body, and the muscles and fascia surrounding these structures. Through the perineal membrane and the perineal body, these superficial vulvar structures are structurally related to the deep pelvic muscle levator ani with its fascia. The levator ani forms the pelvic floor with the coccygeus muscle and provides vital support to all the pelvic organs and stability to the perineum. The internal female genital organs include the vagina, cervix, uterus, tubes, and ovaries with their visceral fascia. The visceral fascia also called the endopelvic fascia, surrounds the pelvic organs and connects them to the pelvic walls. It is continuous with the paraurethral and paravaginal fascia, which is attached to the perineal membrane. Thus, the internal and external genitalia are closely related to the muscles and fascia, and work as one functioning unit. PMID:22547969

  9. Pelvic peritonization after laparoscopic abdominoperineal resection for low-rectal carcinoma treatment: surgical technique.

    PubMed

    Druzijani?, Nikica; Perko, Zdravko; Srsen, Darko; Pogoreli?, Zenon; Schwarz, Dragan; Jurici?, Josko

    2009-01-01

    Abdominoperineal resection is a standard method of low-rectum carcinoma treatment. It is associated with significant morbidity and mortality rates, which decreased with the development of preoperative diagnostic procedures, new surgical techniques and new surgical instruments. In this article, laparoscopic pelvic peritonization was used after laparoscopic rectum amputation for low-rectum carcinoma treatment. Pelvic peritonization is performed after laparoscopic recto-sigmoid extirpation, using the extended absorbable intracorporeal suture with titanic clip application after every second suture. The role of titanic clip is to grasp the extended suture and to mark the postoperative irradiation field. Laparoscopic pelvic peritonization after laparoscopic abdominoperineal rectum amputation is a simple procedure with clinical importance in possible adhesion and postirradiatic enteritis prevention. This procedure can satisfy all oncological requirements and minimally invasive surgery principles and is acceptable for every patient in which rectum amputation is indicated. PMID:19760934

  10. Single-port laparoscopic pelvic lymph node dissection with modified radical vaginal hysterectomy in cervical cancer.

    PubMed

    Hahn, Ho-Suap; Kim, Yong-Wook

    2010-11-01

    There is no doubt that laparoscopic surgeries have replaced open surgeries in many gynecologic operations and have led to the development of novel techniques such as single-port laparoscopic surgery. Single-port surgery has been performed mainly for hysterectomy or adnexectomy recently, and it has also been carefully considered for other possible single-port surgeries such as cancer operations. Although pelvic lymph node dissection is a common procedure in gynecologic cancer operations, it has been rarely performed with single-port laparoscopic access because of technical difficulties. In this report, we present a detailed description of single-port laparoscopic pelvic lymph node dissection with modified radical vaginal hysterectomy in 2 patients with cervical cancer, stage IA2. Combining either classic or modified Schauta radical vaginal hysterectomy with single-port laparoscopic technique could be a good option for the management of patients with cervical cancer. PMID:21051989

  11. Hemodynamic and respiratory effects of pneumoperitoneum and PEEP during laparoscopic pelvic lymphadenectomy in dogs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. M. Luz; H. Polarz; H. Böhrer; G. Hundt; J. Dörsam; E. Martin

    1994-01-01

    Extended laparoscopic operations are being performed increasingly in high-risk patients. To assess the effects of increased\\u000a intraabdominal pressure (IAP) and positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) on the hemodynamic and respiratory system during\\u000a extended procedures a carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum was artificially induced in 10 dogs undergoing laparoscopic pelvic lymphadenectomy.\\u000a An increase in IAP up to 15 mmHg had no negative effect on

  12. [Presacral neurectomy and uterine nerve ablation in chronic pelvic pain. Laparoscopic management. A comparative study].

    PubMed

    García León, Fernando; Oviedo Ortega, Gerardo; Reyes Cuervo, Humberto; Ibarrola Buenabad, Eduardo; Von der Meden, Werner

    2003-03-01

    Chronic pelvic pain is a difficult handling medical and surgical condition and of transcendent importance to women who suffer from it. This condition has been associated to different diseases as endometriosis, adenomiosis, adnexal mass, pelvic inflammatory disease, pelvic adhesive disease. The present study was carried out comparing two laparoscopic surgical methods in an randomized way; laparoscopic uterine nerve ablation and a presacral neurectomy, with 12 patients in each group and a follow up of 12 mont. Results demonstrate a similar resolution on both groups in the short term and a significant difference on pain's resolution within the presacral neurectomy group in the long term without post-surgery or trans-surgery complications. Concluding the presacral neurectomy is a safe and dependable method that allows a high success rate on chronic pelvic pain patients. PMID:12793022

  13. Laparoscopic anatomy of the region of the esophageal hiatus

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. G. R. Kuster; F. A. Innocenti

    1997-01-01

    Background: The wide patient acceptance of hiatal and gastroesophageal surgery performed by laparoscopy has suddenly generated a large\\u000a volume of procedures frequently done by surgeons with limited experience in this area. This has resulted in an excessive number\\u000a of complications. Knowledge of the normal and pathologic laparoscopic anatomy is essential for safe dissection around the\\u000a esophageal hiatus.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods: This description

  14. Laparoscopic treatment of acute ovarian incarceration into the pelvic peritoneal sac.

    PubMed

    Kataoka, K; Egami, Rika; Izumi, Yuki; Yamada, Yoko; Egashira, Katsuko; Miyahara, Akiko; Fukuhara, Masao; Watanabe, Yoshitsugu; Nakamura, Gen-ishi

    2009-01-01

    Pelvic pain is a common symptom in women of reproductive age. Acute pelvic pain with rapid onset demands prompt diagnosis and treatment. We report the case of a patient with ovarian incarceration of acute onset. To our knowledge, this is the first report of ovarian incarceration into the pelvic peritoneal sac in a woman of reproductive age. In the present case, laparoscopy was useful in establishing the cause of pelvic pain. The patient reported severe lower right quadrant abdominal pain of sudden onset. At laparoscopic examination, the right fallopian tube was normal; however, the right ovary was not initially visible at the normal site. After the swollen right ovarian ligament was pulled aside using nontraumatic laparoscopic forceps, we were able to detect incarceration of the right ovary into the peritoneal sac in the medial to right uterosacral ligament. This case is unique because of ovarian incarceration into the peritoneal fenestration. We believe this condition was congenital because there was no other cause such as previous surgery, severe endometriosis, or pelvic inflammatory diseases. PMID:19835814

  15. Laparoscopic insertion of pelvic tissue expander to prevent radiation enteritis prior to radiotherapy for prostate cancer

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Radiation enteritis is a significant complication of external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) to the pelvis, particularly in patients having high dose radiotherapy (>80 Gy) and in those with a low pelvic peritoneal reflection allowing loops of small bowel to enter the radiation field. Laparoscopic insertion and subsequent removal of a pelvic tissue expander before and after external beam radiotherapy is a relatively convenient, safe and effective method for displacing loops of bowel out of the pelvis. We report on a patient with prostate cancer who ordinarily would not have been a candidate for EBRT due to loops of bowel low in the pelvis. With laparoscopic insertion and subsequent removal of a tissue expander, he was able to have radiotherapy to the prostate without developing radiation enteritis. PMID:21569584

  16. Functional specialisation of pelvic limb anatomy in horses (Equus caballus)

    PubMed Central

    Payne, RC; Hutchinson, JR; Robilliard, JJ; Smith, NC; Wilson, AM

    2005-01-01

    We provide quantitative anatomical data on the muscle–tendon units of the equine pelvic limb. Specifically, we recorded muscle mass, fascicle length, pennation angle, tendon mass and tendon rest length. Physiological cross sectional area was then determined and maximum isometric force estimated. There was proximal-to-distal reduction in muscle volume and fascicle length. Proximal limb tendons were few and, where present, were relatively short. By contrast, distal limb tendons were numerous and long in comparison to mean muscle fascicle length, increasing potential for elastic energy storage. When compared with published data on thoracic limb muscles, proximal pelvic limb muscles were larger in volume and had shorter fascicles. Distal limb muscle architecture was similar in thoracic and pelvic limbs with the exception of flexor digitorum lateralis (lateral head of the deep digital flexor), the architecture of which was similar to that of the pelvic and thoracic limb superficial digital flexors, suggesting a functional similarity. PMID:15960766

  17. Laparoscopic Reconstructive Surgery is Superior to Vaginal Reconstruction in the Pelvic Organ Prolapse

    PubMed Central

    Park, Young-Han; Yang, Seong Cheon; Park, Sung Taek; Park, Sung Ho; Kim, Hong Bae

    2014-01-01

    Background: Our purpose was to provide the clinical advantages of the laparoscopic approach compare to the vaginal approach in correcting uterine and vaginal vault prolapse. Methods: Between June 2007 and June 2011, 174 women were admitted to HUMC (Hallym University Medical Center) and underwent pelvic reconstructive surgery for prolapsed vaginal vault and uterus. Upon retrospective review of the medical records, 174 of the patients who had symptoms of pelvic organ prolapsed and Baden-Walker prolapse grade ? 2 were selected and divided into two groups as follows: vaginal approach group (n=120) and laparoscopic approach group (n=54). We compared the results of clinical outcome by analyzing Student's t-test and ?2-test or the Fisher exact test as appropriate. Results: There were significant difference in success rates without reoperation for recurrence as 91.7% (vaginal approach group, n=110) vs 100% (laparoscopic approach group, n=54), p=0.032. Mean follow-up duration was 31.3 ± 7.6 months for vaginal approach group and 29.7 ± 9.7 months for laparoscopic approach group. The Foley catheter indwelling duration (4.7± 1.9 vs 3.4±2.1 days, p< 0.001) and the length of postoperative hospitalization (6.4 ± 2.1 vs 5.0 ± 1.9 days, p <0.001) were significantly longer in vaginal approach group, whereas the operative time was significantly longer (108.2 ± 38.6 vs 168.3 ± 69.7 minutes, p <0.001) in laparoscopic approach group. Conclusions: Our result suggest there is significantly lower recurrence rate requiring reoperation and less catheterization time but increased operative time for laparascopic sacrocolpopexy. PMID:25170290

  18. Inter-observer variability at laparoscopic assessment of pelvic adhesions.

    PubMed

    Bowman, M C; Li, T C; Cooke, I D

    1995-01-01

    A total of 25 women undergoing videolaparoscopy and a dye test to investigate pelvic adhesions and infertility were evaluated to determine whether applying a score system to pelvic adhesions was reproducible, and its place in determining prognosis or management. The surgeon performing the laparoscopies scored each case using the American Fertility Society (AFS) system, gave an estimate of the likely prognosis from microsurgery and recorded a recommended management [surgery or in-vitro fertilization (IVF)]. The video images and histories were independently reviewed by two other surgeons experienced in tubal surgery, who also scored each case and recorded prognosis from surgery and recommended management. Several differences in adhesion scores for each case were noted. Agreement was present between surgeons regarding estimated prognosis for microsurgery and also in recommending management, particularly when prognosis was considered poor and IVF was recommended. Despite some reproducibility, the AFS score system did not predict outcome or management decisions. However, the surgeons' fundamental impression of the state of the pelvis and recommendation for either surgery or IVF were more consistent and reproducible. Any future proposed system for adhesion classification will need to account for, and be predictive of, the decreasing number of patients for whom surgery (rather than IVF) is the preferred management. PMID:7745047

  19. [Laparoscopic studies of pelvic endometriosis in relation to sterility].

    PubMed

    Hoshiai, H

    1989-08-01

    Six hundred and eighteen endometriosis patients out of 2,966 cases diagnosed with laparoscopy were statistically analyzed. The incidence of pelvic endometriosis was 28.3% of infertile cases, 47.2% of infertile cases of etiology unknown sterility, and 53.6% of cases of dysmenorrhea. Initial onset was most common in the sacrouterine ligament and the pouch of Douglas, followed by the ovaries. It was also seen in the vesicouterine pouch. The progress after the initial onset was considered to be due mainly to ovarian lesions, and the progressive rate appeared to be 0.3 point per month according to the R-AFS point system. Cases with stage 3 ovarian lesions were seen up to 7 years after menarche, and there were almost no cases of endometriosis 10 years after menopause. No differences in the average age were seen by stage of clinical progress or R-AFS, and the average age was around 31. The period of infertility showed no definite relation with the stage of the disease in cases of primary sterility, but stage 1 cases were common in patients with secondary sterility. The incidence of dysmenorrhea did not differ depending on the stage of the disease, but severe menstrual pain was common in stage 4 cases. The frequency associated with sterility did not differ in accordance with the stage. Severe pain at the time of endoscopy and induration of Douglas' pouch were common in stage 4 cases, but 31.9% of stage 4 cases showed no abnormal findings in pelvic examination. There was no significant difference between R-AFS points and the incidence of abnormal findings in HSG.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:2530292

  20. En Bloc Robot-assisted Laparoscopic Partial Cystectomy, Urachal Resection, and Pelvic Lymphadenectomy for Urachal Adenocarcinoma

    PubMed Central

    Williams, Christopher R; Chavda, Keyur

    2015-01-01

    Primary adenocarcinomas of the bladder and urachus are extremely rare, accounting for 0.5% to 2.0% of all bladder malignancies. During fetal development, the urachus develops into the median umbilical ligament that stretches from the umbilicus to the bladder. Adenocarcinoma accounts for 90% of all cases of urachal carcinoma. There is no consensus regarding the management of urachal carcinoma. Although the preferred treatment is wide local excision with partial or radical cystectomy, bladder-sparing management is increasing. We report a case of robot-assisted laparoscopic partial cystectomy with en bloc resection of the urachus and bilateral pelvic lymphadenectomy for urachal carcinoma. The robot-assisted laparoscopic approach allowed us to minimize surgical morbidity, postoperative pain, and convalescent time while maintaining the oncologic principle of wide local excision. PMID:26029004

  1. Technique and outcomes about a new laparoscopic procedure: the Pelvic Organ Prolapse Suspension (POPS)

    PubMed Central

    CECI, F.; SPAZIANI, E.; CORELLI, S.; CASCIARO, G.; MARTELLUCCI, A.; COSTANTINO, A.; NAPOLEONI, A.; CIPRIANI, B.; NICODEMI, S.; DI GRAZIA, C.; AVALLONE, M.; ORSINI, S.; TUDISCO, A.; AIUTI, F.; STAGNITTI, F.

    2013-01-01

    Summary: Pelvic organ prolapse suspension (POPS) is a recent surgical procedure for one-stage treatment of multiorgan female pelvic prolapse. This study evaluates the preliminary results of laparoscopic POPS in 54 women with a mean age of 55.2 and a BMI of 28.3. Patients underwent at the same time stapled transanal rectal resection (STARR) to correct the residual rectal prolapse. We had no relapses and the preliminary results were excellent. We evaluated the patients after 1 year follow-up and we confirmed the validity of our treatment. The technique is simplier than traditional treatments with an important reduction or completely disappearance of the pre-operative symptomatology. PMID:23837949

  2. [Robotic assisted laparoscopic colposacropexy in the treatment of pelvic organ prolapse].

    PubMed

    Moreno Sierra, Jesús; Galante Romo, Isabel; Ortiz Oshiro, Elena; Núñez Mora, Carlos; Silmi Moyano, Angel

    2007-05-01

    Laparoscopic colposacropexy has become a substitute for open surgery in the treatment of pelvic organ prolapse. In the same way, robotic assisted surgery is a new step in the evolution of the procedure. In this paper we intend to show our surgical technique and preliminary results. From November 2006 to date, 10 patients have undergone this procedure at the Hospital Clinico San Carlos. The main indication for the operation was existence of symptomatic pelvic prolapse. Both patients with or without hysterectomy have been operated, without making significant differences between them. Preoperative evaluation workout included: cystogram, urinary tract ultrasound and urodynamics in all cases; urinary tract MRI was performed only in selected cases. All patients underwent surgery under general anesthesia, with at least three robotic trocars (8 mm) and one conventional trocar for the assistant; 2 accessory trocars were necessary in some cases, mainly at the beginning of the series. Most procedures in our series were associated with a transobturator suburethral sling for the treatment of stress urinary incontinence or prevention of its appearance after prolapse repair. Our results are comparable to those reported in other larger series in terms of operative time, hospital stay and early or late complications. Pending an evaluation on the long term with larger series, we can include robot assisted colposacropexy among the therapeutic options for symptomatic pelvic floor prolapse repair. PMID:17626540

  3. Techniques of Fluorescence Cholangiography During Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy for Better Delineation of the Bile Duct Anatomy.

    PubMed

    Kono, Yoshiharu; Ishizawa, Takeaki; Tani, Keigo; Harada, Nobuhiro; Kaneko, Junichi; Saiura, Akio; Bandai, Yasutsugu; Kokudo, Norihiro

    2015-06-01

    To evaluate the clinical and technical factors affecting the ability of fluorescence cholangiography (FC) using indocyanine green (ICG) to delineate the bile duct anatomy during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC).Application of FC during LC began after laparoscopic fluorescence imaging systems became commercially available.In 108 patients undergoing LC, FC was performed by preoperative intravenous injection of ICG (2.5?mg) during dissection of Calot's triangle, and clinical factors affecting the ability of FC to delineate the extrahepatic bile ducts were evaluated. Equipment-related factors associated with bile duct detectability were also assessed among 5 laparoscopic systems and 1 open fluorescence imaging system in ex vivo studies.FC delineated the confluence between the cystic duct and common hepatic duct (CyD-CHD) before and after dissection of Calot's triangle in 80 patients (74%) and 99 patients (92%), respectively. The interval between ICG injection and FC before dissection of Calot's triangle was significantly longer in the 80 patients in whom the CyD-CHD confluence was detected by fluorescence imaging before dissection (median, 90?min; range, 15-165?min) than in the remaining 28 patients in whom the confluence was undetectable (median, 47?min; range, 21-205?min; P?laparoscopic imaging systems and tended to decrease more steeply than those of the open imaging system as the target-laparoscope distance increased and porcine tissues covering the samples became thicker.FC is a simple navigation tool for obtaining a biliary roadmap to reach the "critical view of safety" during LC. Key factors for better bile duct identification by FC are administration of ICG as far in advance as possible before surgery, sufficient extension of connective tissues around the bile ducts, and placement of the tip of laparoscope close and vertically to Calot's triangle. PMID:26107666

  4. Laparoscopic Treatment of Acute Ovarian Incarceration into the Pelvic Peritoneal Sac

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K. Kataoka; Rika Egami; Yuki Izumi; Yoko Yamada; Katsuko Egashira; Akiko Miyahara; Masao Fukuhara; Yoshitsugu Watanabe; Gen-ishi Nakamura

    2009-01-01

    Pelvic pain is a common symptom in women of reproductive age. Acute pelvic pain with rapid onset demands prompt diagnosis and treatment. We report the case of a patient with ovarian incarceration of acute onset. To our knowledge, this is the first report of ovarian incarceration into the pelvic peritoneal sac in a woman of reproductive age. In the present

  5. Surface curvature of pelvic joints from three laser scanners: separating anatomy from measurement error.

    PubMed

    Villa, Chiara; Gaudio, Daniel; Cattaneo, Cristina; Buckberry, Jo; Wilson, Andrew S; Lynnerup, Niels

    2015-03-01

    Recent studies have reported that quantifying symphyseal and auricular surface curvature changes on 3D models acquired by laser scanners has a potential for age estimation. However, no tests have been carried out to evaluate the repeatability of the results between different laser scanners. 3D models of the two pelvic joints were generated using three laser scanners (Custom, Faro, and Minolta). The surface curvature, the surface area, and the distance between co-registered meshes were investigated. Close results were found for surface areas (differences between 0.3% and 2.4%) and for distance deviations (average <20 ?m, SD <200 ?m). The curvature values were found to be systematically biased between different laser scanners, but still showing similar trends with increasing phases/scores. Applying a smoothing factor to the 3D models, it was possible to separate anatomy from the measurement error of each instrument, so that similar curvature values could be obtained (p < 0.05) independent of the specific laser scanner. PMID:25684259

  6. Laparoscopic transperitoneoscopic nephroureterectomy in a patient with situs inversus totalis.

    PubMed

    Gökçen, Kaan; Çelik, Hüseyin; Kobaner, Murat; Karazindiyano?lu, Sinan

    2015-04-01

    This article discusses the case of a 78-year-old female with painless gross hematuria. Chest X-rays showed dextrocardia with situs inversus, and whole-body computed tomography scanning showed a renal mass in the right renal pelvis, no evidence of metastasis, and mirror-image organs with left-to-right transposition, which resulted in a diagnosis of situs inversus totalis (SIT). A laparoscopic transperitoneoscopic right nephroureterectomy was scheduled. To our knowledge, our case is the second case of laparoscopic nephroureterectomy in renal pelvic urothelial carcinoma with SIT to be presented, but it is the first case of laparoscopic transperitoneoscopic nephroureterectomy. Laparoscopic transperitoneoscopic nephroureterectomy was successfully performed in a renal pelvic urothelial carcinoma patient with SIT with a correct description of renal vascularity and abdominal anatomy. PMID:25972677

  7. Real-time cadaveric laparoscopy and laparoscopic video demonstrations in gross anatomy: an observation of impact on learning and career choice.

    PubMed

    Saberski, Ean R; Orenstein, Sean B; Matheson, Dale; Novitsky, Yuri W

    2015-01-01

    Medical curricula are continually evolving and increasing clinical relevance. Gross anatomy educators have tested innovations to improve the clinical potency of anatomic dissection and found that clinical correlations are an effective method to accomplish this goal. Recently, surgical educators defined a role for laparoscopy in teaching anatomy. We aimed to expand this role by using surgical educators to create clinical correlates between gross anatomy and clinical surgery. We held supplements to traditional anatomy open dissection for medical students, including viewing prerecorded operative footage and live laparoscopic dissection performed on cadavers. The main outcome measures were assessed through pre- and postsession surveys. Greater than 75 per cent of students found the demonstrations highly valuable, and students perceived a significant increase in their understanding of abdominopelvic anatomy (P < 0.01). Additionally, 62 per cent of students with previous interest in surgery and 10 per cent of students without previous interest in surgery reported increased interest in pursuing surgical careers. Our demonstrations advance the use of minimally invasive surgical technology to teach gross anatomy. Live laparoscopic demonstrations augment traditional anatomic instruction by reinforcing the clinical relevance of abdominopelvic anatomy. Additionally, laparoscopic demonstrations generate interest in surgery that would otherwise be absent in the preclinical years. PMID:25569073

  8. Modeling the Anatomy and Function of the Pelvic Diaphragm and Perineal Body Using a 'String Model'

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Satheesha Nayak (Melaka Manipal Medical College Manipal Campus)

    2008-06-01

    This article describes a simple yet effective and innovative model used to illustrate the anatomical arrangement of the perineal muscles and help explain the function of the pelvic diaphragm and perineal body. The model is called the "string model" because strings were used in place of the perineal muscles during the demonstration.

  9. Ontogenetic scaling patterns and functional anatomy of the pelvic limb musculature in emus (Dromaius novaehollandiae)

    PubMed Central

    Main, Russell P.; Hutchinson, John R.

    2014-01-01

    Emus (Dromaius novaehollandiae) are exclusively terrestrial, bipedal and cursorial ratites with some similar biomechanical characteristics to humans. Their growth rates are impressive, as their body mass increases eighty-fold from hatching to adulthood whilst maintaining the same mode of locomotion throughout life. These ontogenetic characteristics stimulate biomechanical questions about the strategies that allow emus to cope with their rapid growth and locomotion, which can be partly addressed via scaling (allometric) analysis of morphology. In this study we have collected pelvic limb anatomical data (muscle architecture, tendon length, tendon mass and bone lengths) and calculated muscle physiological cross sectional area (PCSA) and average tendon cross sectional area from emus across three ontogenetic stages (n = 17, body masses from 3.6 to 42 kg). The data were analysed by reduced major axis regression to determine how these biomechanically relevant aspects of morphology scaled with body mass. Muscle mass and PCSA showed a marked trend towards positive allometry (26 and 27 out of 34 muscles respectively) and fascicle length showed a more mixed scaling pattern. The long tendons of the main digital flexors scaled with positive allometry for all characteristics whilst other tendons demonstrated a less clear scaling pattern. Finally, the two longer bones of the limb (tibiotarsus and tarsometatarsus) also exhibited positive allometry for length, and two others (femur and first phalanx of digit III) had trends towards isometry. These results indicate that emus experience a relative increase in their muscle force-generating capacities, as well as potentially increasing the force-sustaining capacities of their tendons, as they grow. Furthermore, we have clarified anatomical descriptions and provided illustrations of the pelvic limb muscle–tendon units in emus. PMID:25551028

  10. Esophageal Anatomy and Function in Laparoscopic Gastric Restrictive Bariatric Surgery: Implications for Patient Selection

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert J Greenstein; A. Nissan; B Jaffin

    1998-01-01

    Background: The purpose of this study was to assess factors of clinical importance in morbidly obese patients having a laparoscopically\\u000a adjustable gastric band (LAP-BAND?) implanted in order to achieve weight loss. Methods: Preoperative evaluation of hiatus\\u000a hernia and esophageal (dys)motility were compared with the need for reoperation. Results are presented for the first 50 consecutive\\u000a patients entered. Results: Nine of

  11. A new order of D2 lymphadenectomy in laparoscopic gastrectomy for cancer: live anatomy-based dissection.

    PubMed

    Li, Guo-Xin; Zhang, Ce; Yu, Jiang; Wang, Ya-Nan; Hu, Yan-Feng

    2010-12-01

    It was the aim of this study to develop a methodology for dissection in laparoscopic distal gastrectomy with D2 lymphadenectomy (D2 LDG) for gastric cancer. One-hundred and thirty-two patients with distal gastric cancer underwent D2 LDG with a novel sequence of lymph node dissection between August 2004 and June 2008. Live anatomy in each step was observed simultaneously to ensure and confirm the newly developed methodology. Dissections in LDG were standardized as sequential steps: Dividing the gastrocolic ligament and getting access to the prepancreatic space--lymph node dissection in the lower left area--lymph node dissection in the lower right area--lymph node dissection in the upper right area--lymph nodes dissection centrally--lymph node dissection between liver and stomach. All dissections were successfully performed in peripancreatic spaces and their extensions. Gastric vessels were located by special landmarks, traced along vascular trunks and bifurcations, and identified by fine dissection technique in vaginavasorum. Sequential dissection around the pancreas was an effective method for D2 LDG. It was ensured by anatomical knowledge in each step: Vessels and fascial spaces around a central landmark, the pancreas. PMID:21091070

  12. Pelvic and acetabular fractures

    SciTech Connect

    Mears, D.C.; Rubash, H.E.

    1986-01-01

    This treatise focuses primarily on the clinical aspects of diagnosis and treatments of pelvic and acetabular fractures. However, considerable attention is also paid to the radiographic diagnosis of trauma and postoperative effects. The book begins with a succinct review of pelvic and acetabular anatomy and pelvic biomechanics. It continues with a radiographic classification of pelvic injury, which will represent the major source of the book's interest for radiologists. The remainder of the book is concerned with clinical management of pelvic and acetabular trauma, including preoperative planning, surgical approaches, techniques of reduction, internal fixation, eternal fixation, post-operative care, and late problems. Even throughout this later portion of the book there are extensive illustrations, including plain radiographs, computed tomographic (CT) scans, reconstructed three-dimensional CT scans, and schematic diagrams of diverse pelvic and acetabular fractures and the elementary surgical techniques for their repair.

  13. Laparoscopic hemicolectomy in a patient with situs inversus totalis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yushi Fujiwara; Yosuke Fukunaga; Masayuki Higashino; Shinya Tanimura; Masashi Takemura; Yoshinori Tanaka; Harushi Osugi

    As among persons with normal anatomy, occasional patients with situs inversus develop malignant tumors. Recently, several laparoscopic operations have been reported in patients with situs inversus. We describe laparoscopic hemicolectomy with radical lymphadenectomy in such a patient. Careful consideration of the mirror-image anatomy permitted safe operation using techniques not otherwise differing from those in ordinary cases. Thus, curative laparoscopic surgery

  14. The pelvic floor in health and disease.

    PubMed Central

    Shelton, A A; Welton, M L

    1997-01-01

    Normal pelvic floor function involves a set of learned and reflex responses that are essential for the normal control and evacuation of stool. A variety of functional disturbances of the pelvic floor, including incontinence and constipation, are not life threatening, but can cause significant distress to affected patients. Understanding the normal anatomy and physiology of the pelvic floor is essential to understanding and treating these disorders of defecation. This article describes the normal function of the pelvic floor, the diagnostic tools available to investigate pelvic floor dysfunction, and the etiology, diagnosis, and management of the functional pelvic floor disorders that lead to incontinence and constipation. Images Figure 1. PMID:9291746

  15. Automatic segmentation of male pelvic anatomy on computed tomography images: a comparison with multiple observers in the context of a multicentre clinical trial

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background This study investigates the variation in segmentation of several pelvic anatomical structures on computed tomography (CT) between multiple observers and a commercial automatic segmentation method, in the context of quality assurance and evaluation during a multicentre clinical trial. Methods CT scans of two prostate cancer patients (‘benchmarking cases’), one high risk (HR) and one intermediate risk (IR), were sent to multiple radiotherapy centres for segmentation of prostate, rectum and bladder structures according to the TROG 03.04 “RADAR” trial protocol definitions. The same structures were automatically segmented using iPlan software for the same two patients, allowing structures defined by automatic segmentation to be quantitatively compared with those defined by multiple observers. A sample of twenty trial patient datasets were also used to automatically generate anatomical structures for quantitative comparison with structures defined by individual observers for the same datasets. Results There was considerable agreement amongst all observers and automatic segmentation of the benchmarking cases for bladder (mean spatial variations < 0.4 cm across the majority of image slices). Although there was some variation in interpretation of the superior-inferior (cranio-caudal) extent of rectum, human-observer contours were typically within a mean 0.6 cm of automatically-defined contours. Prostate structures were more consistent for the HR case than the IR case with all human observers segmenting a prostate with considerably more volume (mean +113.3%) than that automatically segmented. Similar results were seen across the twenty sample datasets, with disagreement between iPlan and observers dominant at the prostatic apex and superior part of the rectum, which is consistent with observations made during quality assurance reviews during the trial. Conclusions This study has demonstrated quantitative analysis for comparison of multi-observer segmentation studies. For automatic segmentation algorithms based on image-registration as in iPlan, it is apparent that agreement between observer and automatic segmentation will be a function of patient-specific image characteristics, particularly for anatomy with poor contrast definition. For this reason, it is suggested that automatic registration based on transformation of a single reference dataset adds a significant systematic bias to the resulting volumes and their use in the context of a multicentre trial should be carefully considered. PMID:23631832

  16. Hand-assisted laparoscopic low anterior resection

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Pietrabissa; C. Moretto; A. Carobbi; U. Boggi; M. Ghilli; F. Mosca

    2002-01-01

      Background: Laparoscopic low anterior resection for rectal cancer has never gained wide acceptance among general surgeons,\\u000a mainly due to the technical difficulties encountered during pelvic dissection. It has therefore been stated that these patients\\u000a should undergo open rather than laparoscopic surgery. Hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery (HALS) is a new technique that has\\u000a the potential to overcome many of the existing limitations

  17. Pelvic kidney: associated diseases and treatment.

    PubMed

    Cinman, Nadya M; Okeke, Zeph; Smith, Arthur D

    2007-08-01

    The incidence of pelvic kidney has been approximated at between 1 in 2200 and 1 in 3000. The ectopic kidney is thought to be no more susceptible to disease than the normally positioned kidney, except for the development of calculi and hydronephrosis. Because of the greater risk of injuring aberrant vessels or overlying abdominal viscera and nerves, the pelvic kidney presents special treatment challenges. Alternative approaches to treating nephrolithiasis may yield better outcomes. The tortuous ureter often associated with a pelvic kidney hinders deflection of the flexible ureteroscope, potentially limiting access. Laparoscopy-guided intervention permits visual exposure of the kidney, enhancing safe puncture and tract placement integral to percutaneous nephrolithotomy. Laparoscopy-assisted anterior retrograde percutaneous nephroscopy involves percutaneous access using a Hunter-Hawkins retrograde nephrostomy needle with adjunctive laparoscopy to permit viewing and manipulation of overlying bowel. Ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction has been reported to occur in 22% to 37% of ectopic kidneys. Endoscopic incision presents difficulties beyond those of anatomically normal kidneys. The laparoscopic approach provides good surgical exposure, and operative times are comparable to those of laparoscopic pyeloplasty in anatomically normal kidneys. To date, only a handful of cases of malignancy in a pelvic kidney have been described. Like a nonfunctioning anatomically normal kidney, a nonfunctional pelvic kidney may require primary removal. There are a few reports of laparoscopic pelvic nephrectomy. Additional studies are needed to compare the various treatments for disease of the pelvic kidney in order to decide which options have the most beneficial outcomes. PMID:17867938

  18. [Pelvic exenteration: current state and perspectives].

    PubMed

    Ferron, G; Pomel, C; Martinez, A; Narducci, F; Lambaudie, E; Marchal, F; Rouanet, P; Querleu, D

    2012-01-01

    Criteria for patient selection prior to undergo pelvic exenteration have strongly diminished due to improvement in local control of locally advanced tumors treated with chemo-radiotherapy. Preoperative study with current image techniques improves the definition of tumor extension to better adapt surgical resection. New haemostatic devices have lead to a reduction in peroperative blood loss. Latero-pelvic extension requires a specific surgical approach with latero-endopelvic résection including vascular and nervous structures and/or intraoperative radiotherapy techniques. Laparoscopic approach is an alternative for selected patients presenting with central tumor. Reconstruction phase is crucial: the pelvic filling diminishes postoperative complications. Continent urinary diversions are the best option for young motivated patients. Pelvic reconstruction, especially by myocutaneous flaps should be systematically proposed to improve body image and cover the pelvis dead space. The development of pelvic isolated perfusion technique will probably emerge as an alternative to pelvic exenteration, or as a neoadjuvant treatment to improve oncological outcomes. PMID:22192690

  19. Apical vault repair, the cornerstone or pelvic vault reconstruction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. W. Ross

    1997-01-01

    Pelvic organ prolapse remains a difficult problem for pelvic reconstructive surgery. Before new surgical procedures can be\\u000a developed a good understanding of pelvic anatomy is necessary. It is widely held that the etiology of pelvic organ prolapse\\u000a is secondary to stretch neuropathy following childbirth and chronic cough or constipation. Several transvaginal and transabdominal\\u000a procedures have been developed over the years.

  20. Test–retest and intra-observer repeatability of two-, three- and four-dimensional perineal ultrasound of pelvic floor muscle anatomy and function

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ingeborg Hoff Brækken; Memona Majida; Marie Ellstrøm-Engh; Hans Peter Dietz; Wolfgang Umek; Kari Bø

    2008-01-01

    The aims of the present study were to evaluate test–retest intra-observer repeatability of ultrasound measurement of the morphology\\u000a and function of the pelvic floor muscles (PFMs). Seventeen subjects were tested twice. Two-, three- and four- dimensional\\u000a ultrasound recorded cough, huff, muscle morphology and PFM contraction, respectively. Analyses were conducted offline. Measurements\\u000a of levator hiatal dimensions demonstrated intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC)

  1. A Novel Operative Procedure for Pelvic Organ Prolapse Utilizing a MRI-Visible Mesh Implant: Safety and Outcome of Modified Laparoscopic Bilateral Sacropexy

    PubMed Central

    Meyberg-Solomayer, Gabriele; Radosa, Julia; Bader, Werner; Schneider, Guenther; Solomayer, Erich

    2015-01-01

    Introduction. Sacropexy is a generally applied treatment of prolapse, yet there are known possible complications of it. An essential need exists for better alloplastic materials. Methods. Between April 2013 and June 2014, we performed a modified laparoscopic bilateral sacropexy (MLBS) in 10 patients using a MRI-visible PVDF mesh implant. Selected patients had prolapse POP-Q stages II-III and concomitant OAB. We studied surgery-related morbidity, anatomical and functional outcome, and mesh-visibility in MRI. Mean follow-up was 7.4 months. Results. Concomitant colporrhaphy was conducted in 1/10 patients. Anatomical success was defined as POP-Q stage 0-I. Apical success rate was 100% and remained stable. A recurrent cystocele was seen in 1/10 patients during follow-up without need for intervention. Out of 6 (6/10) patients with preoperative SUI, 5/6 were healed and 1/6 persisted. De-novo SUI was seen in 1/10 patients. Complications requiring a relaparoscopy were seen in 2/10 patients. 8/10 patients with OAB were relieved postoperatively. The first in-human magnetic resonance visualization of a prolapse mesh implant was performed and showed good quality of visualization. Conclusion. MLBS is a feasible and safe procedure with favorable anatomical and functional outcome and good concomitant healing rates of SUI and OAB. Prospective data and larger samples are required. PMID:25961042

  2. Laparoscopic rectocele repair using polyglactin mesh.

    PubMed

    Lyons, T L; Winer, W K

    1997-05-01

    We assessed the efficacy of laparoscopic treatment of rectocele defect using a polyglactin mesh graft. From May 1, 1995, through September 30, 1995, we prospectively evaluated 20 women (age 38-74 yrs) undergoing pelvic floor reconstruction for symptomatic pelvic floor prolapse, with or without hysterectomy. Morbidity of the procedure was extremely low compared with standard transvaginal and transrectal approaches. Patients were followed at 3-month intervals for 1 year. Sixteen had resolution of symptoms. Laparoscopic application of polyglactin mesh for the repair of the rectocele defect is a viable option, although long-term follow-up is necessary. PMID:9154790

  3. Test-retest and intra-observer repeatability of two-, three- and four-dimensional perineal ultrasound of pelvic floor muscle anatomy and function.

    PubMed

    Braekken, Ingeborg Hoff; Majida, Memona; Ellstrøm-Engh, Marie; Dietz, Hans Peter; Umek, Wolfgang; Bø, Kari

    2008-02-01

    The aims of the present study were to evaluate test-retest intra-observer repeatability of ultrasound measurement of the morphology and function of the pelvic floor muscles (PFMs). Seventeen subjects were tested twice. Two-, three- and four- dimensional ultrasound recorded cough, huff, muscle morphology and PFM contraction, respectively. Analyses were conducted offline. Measurements of levator hiatal dimensions demonstrated intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) values of 0.61, 0.72, 0.86 and 0.92, for the anterior-posterior dimension, transverse dimension, resting area and narrowing during contraction, respectively. Muscle thickness showed variable reliability. ICC values for measurement of the position of the bladder neck were 0.86 and 0.82 at rest, in the vertical and horizontal direction. Displacement of the bladder neck during contraction, huff and cough demonstrated ICC values of 0.56, 0.59 and 0.51, respectively. Perineal ultrasound is a reliable method for measuring most of the tested parameters of morphology and function of the PFMs. PMID:17599234

  4. Effect of Letrozole on endometriosis-related pelvic pain

    PubMed Central

    Almassinokiani, Fariba; Almasi, Alireza; Akbari, Peyman; Saberifard, Mahboubeh

    2014-01-01

    Background: To determine the role of Letrozole, an aromatase inhibitor, in the treatment of endometriotic pain. Methods: In this prospective, randomized, controlled clinical trial in minimally invasive surgery research center, 51 women with pelvic endometriosis and endometriotic pain (dyspareunia, dysmenorrhea, pelvic pain) score of 5 or more (for at least one of these endometriotic pain), after laparoscopic diagnosis and conservative laparoscopic surgery were treated with either Letrozole plus OCP (n=25) or only OCP (n=26) for 4 months continuously. Results: Using VAS test, the score of dyspareunia, dysmenorrhea and pelvic pain 4 months after the laparoscopic surgery declined significantly in both groups but the difference between results of the two groups was not significant. Conclusion: Both treatment modalities showed comparable effectiveness in the treatment of pains related to endometriosis and in comparison with OCP, Letrozole did not affect the outcome. PMID:25664308

  5. Establishment of a laparoscopic cholecystectomy training program.

    PubMed

    Bailey, R W; Imbembo, A L; Zucker, K A

    1991-04-01

    A recently developed alternative to traditional laparotomy and cholecystectomy is laparoscopic-guided cholecystectomy. This procedure has the advantages of reduced hospital stay, early return to work, diminished abdominal wall scarring, and less patient discomfort. The complex nature of this procedure and the current lack of extensive clinical experience preclude the traditional "hands-on" training normally practiced in surgical residency programs. At the University of Maryland, we have developed a program to instruct both surgeons and surgical residents in the techniques of laparoscopic surgery. Technical competence is achieved under the close supervision and guidance of an experienced laparoscopic surgeon. Training of residents in this procedure, therefore, is not very different than that for other general surgical procedures. Surgeons already in clinical practice, however, gain experience under somewhat different circumstances. Initial training involves didactic instruction through laparoscopic surgical atlases and educational videotapes. Further training uses a simulation device which enables the trainee to practice techniques of laparoscopic suturing, knot-tying, and clip application. Actual operative experience is acquired primarily in experimental animal preparations. Laparoscopic-guided removal of the gallbladder is performed in young swine (20-25 kg) under conditions that mimic those in the operating room. Further clinical experience can be acquired by assisting on several laparoscopic operations, usually involving diagnostic or pelvic procedures. Actual operative experience with laparoscopic cholecystectomy, of course, comprises the final phase of the educational program. The introduction of clinical laparoscopic training into general surgery residency programs should influence the widespread adoption of this new procedure. PMID:1828943

  6. An Operative and Anatomic Study to Help in Nerve Sparing during Laparoscopic and Robotic Radical Prostatectomy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ashutosh Tewari; James O. Peabody; Melissa Fischer; Richard Sarlea; Guy Vallancien; Mazen Hassan; Ashok K. Hemal; Mani Menon

    Objective: To provide a detailed description of the steps involved in a laparoscopic radical prostatectomy in relation to the complex neurovascular anatomy of the male pelvis. Aim and hypothesis: We aimed at delineating the neurovascular anatomy to assist in nerve preservation during laparoscopic and robotic radical prostatectomies. Methods: A team of urologists and an anatomist performed anatomic dissections of 12

  7. An Operative and Anatomic Study to Help in Nerve Sparing during Laparoscopic and Robotic Radical Prostatectomy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ashutosh Tewari; James O Peabody; Melissa Fischer; Richard Sarle; Guy Vallancien; V Delmas; Mazen Hassan; Aditya Bansal; Ashok K Hemal; Bertrand Guillonneau; Mani Menon

    2003-01-01

    Objective: To provide a detailed description of the steps involved in a laparoscopic radical prostatectomy in relation to the complex neurovascular anatomy of the male pelvis.Aim and hypothesis: We aimed at delineating the neurovascular anatomy to assist in nerve preservation during laparoscopic and robotic radical prostatectomies.Methods: A team of urologists and an anatomist performed anatomic dissections of 12 male cadavers

  8. Urogynecologic conditions: pelvic organ prolapse.

    PubMed

    Noor, Nabila; Garely, Alan D

    2015-03-01

    Chronic pelvic pain is a commonly encountered condition that often is multifactorial. Etiologies include gynecologic, urologic, gastrointestinal, and neurologic conditions. Laboratory tests, imaging, and surgical intervention are not always helpful in identifying the etiology of pelvic pain. For appropriate management of this complex disease process, a detailed history and physical examination, and a multidisciplinary approach are needed. Pelvic pain may be caused by endometriosis, pelvic inflammatory disease, adenomyosis, interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome, or other factors. Evaluation may include keeping a pain diary; laboratory tests, such as a pregnancy test, urinalysis, or tests for sexually transmitted infections; ultrasonography of abnormalities detected on physical examination; and laparoscopy. Specific first-line treatments include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and oral contraceptives for endometriosis; progestins, gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogs, aromatase inhibitors, or hysterectomy for adenomyosis; and education, food avoidance, and behavioral modifications for interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome. Surgical options include nerve transection procedures, laparoscopic uterosacral nerve ablation, and presacral neurectomy, although data on effectiveness are limited. PMID:25756374

  9. Laparoscopic urology: Past, present, and future

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ralph V. Clayman; Louis R. Kavoussi

    1993-01-01

    Laparoscopy has begun to have a significant impact on the management of urologic problems. Although initially limited to diagnostic pediatric problems, it has more recently been used to resolve myriad adult urologic conditions. Indeed, during the past year laparoscopic urology has moved well beyond the diagnosis of the undescended testicle and has been successfully used for pelvic lymphadenectomy, varicocelectomy, ureterolysis,

  10. Interfractional Variations in the Setup of Pelvic Bony Anatomy and Soft Tissue, and Their Implications on the Delivery of Proton Therapy for Localized Prostate Cancer

    SciTech Connect

    Trofimov, Alexei, E-mail: atrofimov@partners.org [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA (United States); Nguyen, Paul L. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA (United States); Efstathiou, Jason A.; Wang, Yi; Lu, Hsiao-Ming; Engelsman, Martijn [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA (United States); Merrick, Scott [Department of Radiation Oncology, Morristown Memorial Hospital, Morristown, NJ (United States); Cheng, Chee-Wai [Midwest Proton Radiotherapy Institute, Department of Radiation Oncology, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN (United States); Wong, James R. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Morristown Memorial Hospital, Morristown, NJ (United States); Zietman, Anthony L. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA (United States)

    2011-07-01

    Purpose: To quantify daily variations in the anatomy of patients undergoing radiation therapy for prostate carcinoma, to estimate their effect on dose distribution, and to evaluate the effectiveness of current standard planning and setup approaches employed in proton therapy. Methods: We used series of computed tomography data, which included the pretreatment scan, and between 21 and 43 in-room scans acquired on different treatment days, from 10 patients treated with intensity-modulated radiation therapy at Morristown Memorial Hospital. Variations in femur rotation angles, thickness of subcutaneous adipose tissue, and physical depth to the distal surface of the prostate for lateral beam arrangement were recorded. Proton dose distributions were planned with the standard approach. Daily variations in the location of the prescription isodose were evaluated. Results: In all 10 datasets, substantial variation was observed in the lateral tissue thickness (standard deviation of 1.7-3.6 mm for individual patients, variations of >5 mm from the planning computed tomography observed in all series), and femur rotation angle (standard deviation between 1.3{sup o} and 4.8{sup o}, with the maximum excursion exceeding 10{sup o} in 6 of 10 datasets). Shifts in the position of treated volume (98% isodose) were correlated with the variations in the lateral tissue thickness. Conclusions: Analysis suggests that, combined with image-guided setup verification, the range compensator expansion technique prevents loss of dose to target from femur rotation and soft-tissue deformation, in the majority of cases. Anatomic changes coupled with the uncertainties of particle penetration in tissue restrict possibilities for margin reduction in proton therapy of prostate cancer.

  11. Laparoscopic Hysterectomy and Prolapse: A Multiprocedural Concept

    PubMed Central

    Mettler, Liselotte; Peters, Goentje; Noé, Günter; Holthaus, Bernd; Jonat, Walter; Schollmeyer, Thoralf

    2014-01-01

    Background and Objectives: Today, laparoscopic intrafascial hysterectomy and laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy are well-accepted techniques. With our multimodal concept of laparoscopic hysterectomy for benign indications, preservation of the pelvic floor as well as reconstruction of pelvic floor structures and pre-existing prolapse situations can be achieved. Methods: The multimodal concept consists of 3 steps: Intrafascial hysterectomy with preservation of existing structures Technique 1: Primary uterine artery ligationTechnique 2: Classic intrafascial hysterectomyA technique for the stable fixation of the vaginal or cervical stumpA new method of pectopexy to correct a pre-existing descensus situation Results and Conclustion: This well-balanced concept can be used by advanced endoscopic gynecologic surgeons as well as by novices in our field. PMID:24680150

  12. Laparoscopic adrenalectomy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Gagner; A. Lacroix; E. Bolte; A. Pomp

    1994-01-01

    Adrenalectomy is usually performed via transabdominal or posterior approaches. Unfortunately, both approaches are associated with painful postoperative syndromes. Recently, laparoscopic surgery was applied to organ removal.

  13. Pelvic Floor Disorders

    MedlinePLUS

    ... 1 What is a pelvic floor disorder? A PFD occurs when the pelvic muscles and connective tissue ... or are injured. The most common types of PFDs are the following: Pelvic organ prolapse. A "prolapse" ...

  14. Prevention and management of pelvic organ prolapse

    PubMed Central

    Giarenis, Ilias

    2014-01-01

    Pelvic organ prolapse is a highly prevalent condition in the female population, which impairs the health-related quality of life of affected individuals. Despite the lack of robust evidence, selective modification of obstetric events or other risk factors could play a central role in the prevention of prolapse. While the value of pelvic floor muscle training as a preventive treatment remains uncertain, it has an essential role in the conservative management of prolapse. Surgical trends are currently changing due to the controversial issues surrounding the use of mesh and the increasing demand for uterine preservation. The evolution of laparoscopic and robotic surgery has increased the use of these techniques in pelvic floor surgery. PMID:25343034

  15. VIRTUAL ENVIRONMENTS FOR TRAINING CRITICAL SKILLS IN LAPAROSCOPIC SURGERY

    E-print Network

    Cavusoglu, Cenk

    VIRTUAL ENVIRONMENTS FOR TRAINING CRITICAL SKILLS IN LAPAROSCOPIC SURGERY MICHAEL DOWNES (1), M steadily over the past century, the methods by which surgeons learn how to operate have remained virtually laboratories are expensive, and the anatomy of animals differs significantly from human anatomy. Simply

  16. Preoperative Surgical Planning Using Virtual Laparoscopic Camera

    E-print Network

    Zhukov, Leonid

    Preoperative Surgical Planning Using Virtual Laparoscopic Camera Dmitry Oleynikov, M.D Leonid. La- paroscopic virtual reality simulators have not been designed to represent individual patient in anatomy and body habi- tus of individuals. Preoperative CT imaging allows the surgeon to identify

  17. The outcome of treatment for pelvic congestion syndrome.

    PubMed

    Smith, P Coleridge

    2012-03-01

    Pelvic congestion syndrome is one of many causes of chronic pelvic pain. It is generally accepted that this is attributable to ovarian and pelvic vein incompetence which may result in varices in the lower limb leading to presentation in varicose vein clinics. However, far more patients have pelvic varices associated with varicose veins in the lower limb than have pelvic congestion syndrome. Magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomographic venography are usually used in the diagnosis of this condition and criteria have been established to identify pelvic varices. Many different treatments have been used to manage the symptoms of pelvic congestion. Hysterectomy combined with oophrectomy, open surgical ligation of ovarian veins and laparoscopic vein ligation have been used in the past. The most common treatments used currently involve embolization of pelvic and ovarian veins. The results of this treatment have been published in a limited number of clinical series, usually with fairly short follow-up periods. These treatments may be complicated by migration of embolization of coils used to occlude veins. The longest duration of follow-up currently reported is five years. Limited clinical evidence supports the use of embolotherapy in the management of pelvic congestion syndrome. PMID:22312071

  18. [Peritoneal closure using absorbable knotless device during laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy].

    PubMed

    Deffieux, X; Pachy, F; Donnadieu, A-C; Trichot, C; Faivre, E; Fernandez, H

    2011-02-01

    Laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy is one of the gold standards of pelvic organ surgery. However, this intervention is associated with long operation duration. One of the steps of this intervention (peritoneal closure) can be shortened using several methods of suturing (e.g. staples). Recently, a self-anchoring barbed suture has been described for wound closure. The goal of this initial feasibility study was to describe the use of the barbed suture (V-Loc™) in peritoneal closure during laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy. PMID:20943328

  19. Primate pelvic anatomy and implications for birth.

    PubMed

    Trevathan, Wenda

    2015-03-01

    The pelvis performs two major functions for terrestrial mammals. It provides somewhat rigid support for muscles engaged in locomotion and, for females, it serves as the birth canal. The result for many species, and especially for encephalized primates, is an 'obstetric dilemma' whereby the neonate often has to negotiate a tight squeeze in order to be born. On top of what was probably a baseline of challenging birth, locomotor changes in the evolution of bipedalism in the human lineage resulted in an even more complex birth process. Negotiation of the bipedal pelvis requires a series of rotations, the end of which has the infant emerging from the birth canal facing the opposite direction from the mother. This pattern, strikingly different from what is typically seen in monkeys and apes, places a premium on having assistance at delivery. Recently reported observations of births in monkeys and apes are used to compare the process in human and non-human primates, highlighting similarities and differences. These include presentation (face, occiput anterior or posterior), internal and external rotation, use of the hands by mothers and infants, reliance on assistance, and the developmental state of the neonate. PMID:25602069

  20. Laparoscopic Extraperitoneal Uterine Suspension to Anterior Abdominal Wall Bilaterally Using Synthetic Mesh to Treat Uterovaginal Prolapse

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gang Chen; Bin Ling; Jia Li; Ping Xu; Weiping Hu; Weidong Zhao; Dabao Wu

    2010-01-01

    Between August 2007 and May 2009, 28 patients with uterovaginal prolapse, stage 2 or greater, and who desired uterine preservation, underwent laparoscopic extraperitoneal uterine suspension to the anterior abdominal wall bilaterally using mesh. The primary outcome was recurrence, which was evaluated using point C. Secondary outcomes were effects on quality of life (Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory [PFDI-20] and Pelvic Floor

  1. Anatomy & Physiology

    MedlinePLUS

    Search SEER Training: SEER Training Modules Print Home Glossary Citation Help Home » Cancer Registration & Surveillance Modules » Anatomy & Physiology Cancer Registration & Surveillance Modules Anatomy & Physiology Intro ...

  2. Laparoendoscopic single site in pelvic surgery

    PubMed Central

    Sanchez-Salas, Rafael; Clavijo, Rafael; Barret, Eric; Sotelo, Rene

    2012-01-01

    Laparoendoscopic single site (LESS) has recently gained momentum as feasible techniques for minimal access surgery. Our aim is to describe the current status of laparoendoscopic single site (LESS) in pelvic surgery. A comprehensive revision of the literature in LESS pelvic surgery was performed. References for this manuscript were obtained by performing a review of the available literature in PubMed from 01-01-01 to 30-11-11. References outside the search period were obtained selected manuscript?s bibliography. Search terms included: pelvic anatomy, less in gynecology, single port colectomy, urological less, single port, single site, NOTES, LESS and single incision. 314 manuscripts were initially identified. Out of these, 46 manuscripts were selected based in their pelvic anatomy or surgical content; including experimental experience, clinical series and literature reviews. LESS drastically limit the surgeon's ability to perform in the operative field and the latter becomes hardened by the lack of space in anatomical location like the pelvis. Potential advantages of LESS are gained with the understanding that the surgical procedure is more technically challenging. Pelvic surgical procedures related to colorectal surgery, gynecology and urology have been performed with LESS technique and information available is mostly represented by case reports and short case series. Comparative series remain few. LESS pelvic surgery remain in its very beginning and due to the very specific anatomical conditions further development of LESS surgery in the mentioned area can be clearly be facilitated by using robotic technology. Standardization ad reproducibility of techniques are mandatory to further develop LESS in the surgical arena.. PMID:22557719

  3. Pelvic floor muscle training exercises

    MedlinePLUS

    Pelvic floor muscle training exercises are a series of exercises designed to strengthen the muscles of the pelvic floor. ... Pelvic floor muscle training exercises are recommended for: Women ... have fecal incontinence Pelvic floor muscle training exercises ...

  4. Pelvic Floor Muscle Biofeedback in the Treatment of Urinary Incontinence: A Literature Review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Howard I. Glazer; Carolyn D. Laine

    2006-01-01

    Biofeedback is efficacious in the training of the pelvic floor musculature in order to enhance continence. This article reviews the anatomy and physiology of micturition as the underlying rationale for pelvic floor muscle biofeedback in the treatment of urinary incontinence. It critically reviews 28 studies published in peer reviewed journals from 1975 to 2005 that were prospective, randomized studies with

  5. Laparoscopic subtotal hysterectomy: evidence and techniques.

    PubMed

    Nesbitt-Hawes, Erin M; Maley, Peta E; Won, Ha Ryun; Law, Kenneth S K; Zhang, Christine S; Lyons, Stephen D; Ledger, William; Abbott, Jason A

    2013-01-01

    Laparoscopic subtotal/supracervical hysterectomy (LSH) is a surgical option when hysterectomy is indicated. Proponents of LSH suggest possible advantages including reduced recovery time, decreased risk of pelvic organ prolapse, and decreased risk of organ damage, in particular to the urinary tract. Opponents of LSH have suggested that the future risk of cervical malignancy, the possibility of ongoing cyclical bleeding, limited morbidity due to total laparoscopic hysterectomy, and similar clinical outcomes render this approach unnecessary. One study compared LSH with laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy in a randomized controlled trial that reported psychologic and sexual outcomes; however, no clinical data were published. The present review outlines techniques for subtotal hysterectomy and critically appraises the available evidence for outcomes including operative data, short- and long-term complications, and functional outcomes. PMID:23510954

  6. [Robotics-assisted laparoscopic colorectal resection].

    PubMed

    Mann, B; Virakas, G; Blase, M; Soenmez, M

    2013-08-01

    The value of laparoscopic surgery for rectal cancer is still controversially discussed. Robotics offers the opportunity to leave the limitations of conventional laparoscopy behind us. The three-dimensional visualization and the superior dexterity by wristed instruments should be particularly helpful in complex laparoscopic procedures in confined spaces such as the small pelvis. Colorectal resections using the Da Vinci® system are well established and becoming increasingly more standard procedures. Nerve-sparing total mesorectal excision in patients with rectal cancer, total mesocolic excision in patients with right-sided colon cancer and rectopexy in patients with pelvic floor insufficiency are the most promising indications. The prospective randomized ROLARR study has been evaluating the application of the Da Vinci® system in laparoscopic rectal cancer surgery since 2011. Besides the currently available clinical data the perioperative and intraoperative logistics and strategy will be presented in detail. PMID:23942962

  7. Morbidity associated with laparoscopic repair of suprapubic hernias

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Brandon Varnell; Sharon Bachman; Jacob Quick; Michelle Vitamvas; Bruce Ramshaw; Dmitry Oleynikov

    2008-01-01

    BackgroundLaparoscopic suprapubic hernia repair (LSHR) is frequently a technically difficult procedure. This is often due to extensive adhesions from multiple previous operations, the necessary wide pelvic dissection, and adequate mesh coverage with transfascial suture fixation. The aim of the current study was to document the complications and morbidity associated with the repair of suprapubic hernias.

  8. Follow-up report on a randomized controlled trial of laser laparoscopy in the treatment of pelvic pain associated with minimal to moderate endometriosis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christopher J. G Sutton; Andrew S Pooley; Simon P Ewen; Patricia Haines

    1997-01-01

    Objective: To assess the longer term efficacy of laparoscopic laser surgery in the treatment of painful pelvic endometriosis and to observe the natural history of the disease at second-look laparoscopy in a control group.Design: One-year follow-up of a prospective, randomized, double-blind controlled trial.Setting: A referral center for the laparoscopic laser treatment of endometriosis.Patient(s): Sixty-three patients with pelvic pain and minimal

  9. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) - CDC Fact Sheet Untreated sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) can cause pelvic inflammatory disease ( ... chlamydia and gonorrhea. Other infections that are not sexually transmitted can also cause PID. How do I ...

  10. Hand-assisted laparoscopy for pelvic malignancy.

    PubMed

    Pelosi, M A; Pelosi, M A; Eim, J

    2000-06-01

    The inability to palpate intra-abdominal organs is a barrier to the widespread utilization of laparoscopy in the management of pelvic malignancy. Hand-assisted laparoscopy permits the insertion of the hand into the abdomen through a glove-sized incision while preserving the pneumoperitoneum. This new modality preserves both the technical benefits of traditional manual assistance and the convalescent advantages of minimally invasive surgery. Our preliminary experience suggests that this approach is a feasible, safe, and expeditious access option that can effectively replace an extended open laparotomy incision or an excessively tedious laparoscopic exercise in the evaluation and management of pelvic malignancy. Moreover, oncologic surgeons, reluctant to relinquish the tactile advantages of open surgery, may find hand-assisted laparoscopy an appealing alternative. PMID:10883991

  11. Pelvic schwannoma in the right parametrium

    PubMed Central

    Machairiotis, Nikolaos; Zarogoulidis, Paul; Stylianaki, Aikaterini; Karatrasoglou, Eleni; Sotiropoulou, Georgia; Floreskou, Alvin; Chatzi, Eleana; Karamani, Athanasia; Liapi, Georgia; Papakonstantinou, Eleni; Katsikogiannis, Nikolaos; Courcoutsakis, Nikolaos; Machairiotis, Christodoulos

    2013-01-01

    Neurilemomas are benign usually encapsulated nerve sheath tumors derived from the Schwann cells. These tumors commonly arise from the cranial nerves as acoustic neurinomas but they are extremely rare in the pelvis and the retroperitoneal area (less than 0.5% of reported cases), unless they are combined with von Recklinghausen disease (type 1 neurofibromatosis). We report the case of a 58-year-old female with pelvic schwannoma, 6.5 × 5.5 cm in size, in the right parametrium. This is the first case reported in the literature. Based on the rarity of this tumor and in order to ensure optimum treatment and survival for our patient, we performed laparotomy with total abdominal hysterectomy and en-block tumor excision. A frozen section was taken during the surgery before complete resection of the mass, which was ambiguous. Because of the possibility of malignancy, complete excision of the mass was performed, with pelvic blunt dissection. Histological examination showed a benign neoplasm, originating from the cells of peripheral nerve sheaths; diagnosis was a schwannoma. There were degenerative areas, including cystic degeneration, hemorrhagic infiltrations, ischemic foci with pycnotic cells, and collagen replacement. Pelvic schwannomas are rare neoplasms that can be misdiagnosed. Laparoscopy is a safe and efficient option for approaching benign pelvic tumors and might offer the advantage of better visualization of structures due to the magnification in laparoscopic view, especially in narrow anatomic spaces. PMID:23515244

  12. Primary Pelvic Cystic Echinococcosis.

    PubMed

    Yaman, ?smail; ?nceboz, Ümit; ?nceboz, Tonay; Keyik, Bahar; Uzgören, Engin

    2015-06-01

    Cystic echinococcosis caused by Echinococcus granulosus is still an important health problem in endemic areas. Cystic echinococcosis may involve different organs or areas with the most common sites being the liver and the lungs. Pelvic involvement has previously been reported and was mainly accepted as secondary to cystic echinococcosis in other organs, isolated pelvic involvement is very rare. In this case report, we aimed to present the case with pelvic cystic mass that was finally diagnosed with isolated pelvic cystic echinococcosis in and after the operation, and we would like to draw attention to include "cystic echinococcosis" in the differential diagnosis of pelvic masses. PMID:26081894

  13. Anatomy Corner

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2013-01-01

    This fascinating and informative website was created by a high school teacher in Granite City, Missouri. It brings together a wide range of resources designed to help students learn about anatomy. The materials are divided into three sections: Anatomy Galleries, Anatomy Topics, and Virtual Cat Dissection. The Anatomy Galleries area provides slides, photos, and illustrative materials related to eye dissection, sheep heart dissection, and cat muscles. The Anatomy Topics area includes overviews of the major body systems, including the nervous, circulatory, and endocrine systems. The site also includes a Virtual Cat Dissection, which walks interested parties through this process.

  14. Laparoscopic Radical Prostatectomy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ingolf Türk; Serdar Deger; Björn Winkelmann; Bernd Schönberger; Stefan A. Loening

    2001-01-01

    Purpose: The laparoscopic access for radical prostatectomy offeres an alternative to the open surgical procedure with less morbidity. We report on our experience with 125 laparoscopic prostatectomies, especially with respect to making the laparoscopic approach a routine procedure and with a view to the oncological and functional results.Material and Methods: From June 1999 to September 2000, we performed 125 laparoscopic

  15. Sexual selection targets cetacean pelvic bones.

    PubMed

    Dines, James P; Otárola-Castillo, Erik; Ralph, Peter; Alas, Jesse; Daley, Timothy; Smith, Andrew D; Dean, Matthew D

    2014-11-01

    Male genitalia evolve rapidly, probably as a result of sexual selection. Whether this pattern extends to the internal infrastructure that influences genital movements remains unknown. Cetaceans (whales and dolphins) offer a unique opportunity to test this hypothesis: since evolving from land-dwelling ancestors, they lost external hind limbs and evolved a highly reduced pelvis that seems to serve no other function except to anchor muscles that maneuver the penis. Here, we create a novel morphometric pipeline to analyze the size and shape evolution of pelvic bones from 130 individuals (29 species) in the context of inferred mating system. We present two main findings: (1) males from species with relatively intense sexual selection (inferred by relative testes size) tend to evolve larger penises and pelvic bones compared to their body length, and (2) pelvic bone shape has diverged more in species pairs that have diverged in inferred mating system. Neither pattern was observed in the anterior-most pair of vertebral ribs, which served as a negative control. This study provides evidence that sexual selection can affect internal anatomy that controls male genitalia. These important functions may explain why cetacean pelvic bones have not been lost through evolutionary time. PMID:25186496

  16. Laparoscopic Resection of Retroperitoneal Neural Tumors

    PubMed Central

    Nozaki, Tetsuo; Kato, Tomonori; Morii, Akihiro; Fuse, Hideki

    2013-01-01

    Purpose Retroperitoneal neural tumor (RNT) is rarely excised laparoscopically, and the laparoscopic management of RNT remains controversial. We herein report 4 cases of laparoscopic excision of RNT that resulted in diverse clinical outcomes. Patients and Methods Between August 2005 and January 2011, we performed laparoscopic excision of RNT in 4 patients. The mean tumor size was 4.5 cm. The mean operative time was 297 minutes and the mean amount of blood loss was 55 ml. The surgeries were uneventful, with no operative complications or evidence of intra-abdominal bleeding. However, 2 patients required reoperation for delayed hemorrhage and urinoma formation, respectively. Results The postoperative pathological diagnoses were schwannoma in 3 patients and ganglioneuroblastoma in 1 patient. All patients were well with no signs of peripheral neuropathy or radiculopathy, and CT and/or 18F-FDG PET/CT performed during follow-up indicated no evidence of disease. Conclusions Obtaining extensive preoperative knowledge of the source neural and vascular anatomy of the tumor is important for the surgical planning of laparoscopic resection of RNT. When a great deal of care is taken to divide the tumor and the source nerves and vital vessels, safe execution of RNT can be achieved for minimal postoperative mortality and morbidity. PMID:24917756

  17. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy: experience of a single surgeon.

    PubMed

    Soper, N J; Dunnegan, D L

    1993-01-01

    Gallbladder removal using laparoscopic techniques has rapidly been adopted by surgeons around the world. Questions have been raised concerning laparoscopic cholecystectomy, including the safety of the operation, its implications for management of common bile duct stones, and the means by which surgeons should be trained. In the present series, 424 patients were referred to a single surgeon for cholecystectomy during a 22-month period. A traditional open cholecystectomy was performed in 9 patients (2.1%) because of presumed contraindications to laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy was attempted in the remaining 415 patients (97.9%). On the basis of preoperative investigations, 19 patients (4.6%) underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. Endoscopic sphincterotomy and stone extraction were performed in the 13 patients (3.1%) demonstrating choledocholithiasis. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy was converted to an open operation in 8 patients (1.9%) owing to dense adhesions, obscure anatomy, or cholangiographic abnormalities. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy was successfully performed in 407 patients (96%) in 95 +/- 2 minutes (mean +/- SEM). Surgical trainees were involved in all operations and performed 68% of the procedures under supervision. Cystic duct cholangiograms were obtained selectively in 129 patients (30.4%). Intraoperative complications occurred in 3 patients, including 1 patient with a minor injury to the common bile duct (0.2%). There was no perioperative mortality, and major complications occurred in 6 patients (1.4%). Minor complications were seen in 12 others (2.8%), and one patient required reoperation for a trocar injury to the jejunum. Prolonged follow-up has revealed one case of asymptomatic retained common bile duct stones (0.2%). Laparoscopic cholecystectomy can therefore be performed in more than 95% of patients with no mortality and minimal morbidity.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:8447133

  18. Clinical observation of laparoscopic radical hysterectomy for cervical cancer

    PubMed Central

    Yin, Xiang-Hua; Wang, Zhong-Qin; Yang, Shi-Zhang; Jia, Hong-Yan; Shi, Min

    2014-01-01

    To evaluate safety, feasibility and the improvement of surgical method of laparoscopic extensive hysterectomy and pelvic lymph node dissection in patients with early-stage cervical cancer. Clinical data were prospectively collected from patients with IA2-IIA cervical cancer who underwent laparoscopic extensive hysterectomy (n1=22) and laparotomy (n2=23) in Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology in the Subei People’s Hospital from June 2010 to August 2013. The successful rates in two groups of operation were 100%. Blood loss, postoperative hospital stay, complication rate, postoperative recovery of gastrointestinal tract and bladder function of the laparoscopy group of the laparoscopic group were all better than those of the laparotomy group, and there were significant differences (all P < 0.05). But in the laparoscopy group, the operative time was longer than the laparotomy group with statistical significance (P < 0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in the number of excised lymph nodes and the duration time of postoperative urinary catheterization between the two groups (P > 0.05). Laparoscopic extensive hysterectomy and pelvic lymph node dissection can fully meet the requirement of laparotomy. It has the properties of minor trauma and rapid recovery. The clinical efficacy is superior to laparotomy surgery. The results indicated laparoscopic is an ideal method for the treatment of early cervical cancer. PMID:24995098

  19. Robotic-assisted laparoscopic partial bladder resection for the treatment of infiltrating endometriosis.

    PubMed

    Liu, Connie; Perisic, Dusan; Peresic, Dusan; Samadi, David; Nezhat, Farr

    2008-01-01

    This article reveals our surgical approach for treatment of a patient with severe pelvic and infiltrative bladder endometriosis with mucosal involvement using robotic-assisted laparoscopic excision and cystotomy repair. To our knowledge, this is the first case of total robotic-assisted laparoscopic partial bladder resection for the treatment of endometriosis. This article also discusses the pros and cons of robotic-assisted surgery and the current literature on infiltrative bladder endometriosis. PMID:18971140

  20. INTRODUCTION..........................................................................................................................................................3 ANATOMIE DU DIAPHRAGME.................................................................

    E-print Network

    Promayon, Emmanuel

    ..........................................................................................................................................................3 ANATOMIE DU DIAPHRAGME...............................................................................................................................4 Anatomie morphologique du diaphragme [,]..................................................................................................4 Anatomie fonctionnelle

  1. Laparoscopic Radical Trachelectomy: Technique, Feasibility, and Outcomes

    PubMed Central

    Saadi, José Martín; Perrotta, Myriam; Orti, Roberto; Salvo, Gloria; Gogorza, Sebastían; Testa, Roberto

    2015-01-01

    Background and Objectives: Our objectives are to describe our surgical technique for laparoscopic radical trachelectomy, to evaluate its feasibility, and to present the perioperative results at Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Argentina. Methods: We analyzed 4 patients who underwent laparoscopic radical trachelectomy for early-stage cervical cancer between December 2011 and May 2013. Results: Four patients were included in this study. Total laparoscopic radical trachelectomy was performed in all cases. The mean age was 26 years (range, 19–32 years), the mean body mass index was 21 (range, 18–23), and the mean length of hospital stay was 33 hours (range, 24–36 hours). The mean operative time was 225 minutes (range, 210–240 minutes), and no complications were reported. During the postoperative period, only 1 patient presented with left vulvar edema, which resolved spontaneously. The pelvic and parametrial lymph nodes, as well as the vaginal cuff and cervical resection margins, were negative for malignancy in all cases. On average, 18 pelvic lymph nodes (range, 15–20) were removed. The tumor stage was IB in all 4 patients, and the mean tumor size was 17 mm (range, 12–31 mm). No patient required conversion to laparotomy. Conclusion: We consider laparoscopic radical trachelectomy, performed by trained surgeons, a feasible and safe therapeutic option as a fertility-sparing surgical technique, with good perioperative outcomes for women with early-stage cervical cancer with a desire to preserve their fertility. Minimally invasive surgery provides the widely known benefits of this type of approach. PMID:25848183

  2. Fluorescent imaging of the biliary tract during laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    The introduction of laparoscopic cholecystectomy was associated with increased incidences of bile duct injury. The primary cause appears to be misidentification of the biliary anatomy. Routine intra-operative cholangiography has been recommended to reduce accidental duct injury, although in practice it is more often reserved for selected cases. There has been interest in the use of fluorescent agents excreted via the biliary system to enable real-time intra-operative imaging, to aid the laparoscopic surgeon in correctly interpreting the anatomy. The primary aim of this review is to evaluate the ability of fluorescent cholangiography to identify important biliary anatomy intra-operatively. Secondary aims are to investigate its ability to detect important intra-operative pathology such as bile leaks, identify potential alternative fluorophores, and evaluate the evidence regarding patient outcomes. PMID:25317203

  3. Application of epoxy resin to a solid-foam pelvic model: creating a dry-erase pelvis.

    PubMed

    Weaver, Michael J; Brubacher, Jacob W; Vrahas, Mark S

    2014-11-01

    The value of preoperative planning and templating has been well-established in fracture surgery. We have found that using 3-dimensional (3-D) models in preoperative planning aids in the understanding of anatomy, fracture-reduction techniques, and fixation methods, particularly in pelvic and acetabular fractures. To facilitate the correction of errors and reuse for future cases, we coat pelvic models with dry-erase epoxy resin. Fracture lines and planned implants are drawn onto the models with dry-erase markers. The creation of 3-D planning tools is useful in understanding the anatomy of pelvic and acetabular fractures. PMID:25379750

  4. Robotic-assisted laparoscopic mesh sacrocolpopexy

    PubMed Central

    Gilleran, Jason P.; Johnson, Matthew; Hundley, Andrew

    2010-01-01

    The current ‘gold standard’ surgical repair for apical prolapse is the abdominal mesh sacrocolpopexy. Use of a robotic-assisted laparoscopic surgical approach has been demonstrated to be feasible as a minimally invasive approach and is gaining popularity amongst pelvic floor reconstructive surgeons. Although outcome data for robotic-assisted sacrocolpopexy (RASC) is only just emerging, several small series have demonstrated anatomic and functional outcomes, as well as complication rates, comparable to those reported for open surgery. The primary advantages thus far for RASC over open surgery include decreased blood loss and shorter hospital stay. PMID:21789075

  5. Laparoscopic restorative proctocolectomy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peter W. Marcello; Jeffrey W. Milsom; S. K. Wong; Katherine A. Hammerhofer; Marlene Goormastic; James M. Church; Victor W. Fazio

    2000-01-01

    PURPOSE: A laparoscopic approach to restorative proctocolectomy is new and has not been compared recently with the traditional open procedure. By using prospectively gathered data, laparoscopic and open restorative proctocolectomy procedures in mucosal ulcerative colitis and familial adenomatous polyposis patients were compared by using a case-matched design. METHODS: Forty patients, composing 20 consecutive laparoscopic cases (13 mucosal ulcerative colitis, 7

  6. Human Anatomy

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Ms. Schultz

    2007-11-09

    Please find links below: Human Anatomy Human Anatomy Online Human Body - Gray s Anatomy - Digestive Aparatus MEDtropolis - Virtual Body - can be viewed in English or Spanish. Contains tours of the Human Brain, Skeleton, Human Heart, and Digestive Tract. Respiratory System National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute HealthTalk COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) American Lung Association - Disease Finder Association of Legal Aid Attorneys/UAW 2325 Canadian Lung Association Kids Health Family Living and Personal Living - Ms. Schultz added this link because on this page there is CDC, American ...

  7. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

    MedlinePLUS

    Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection and inflammation of the uterus, ovaries, and other female reproductive organs. It causes scarring ... United States. Gonorrhea and chlamydia, two sexually transmitted diseases, are the most common causes of PID. Other ...

  8. Chronic Pelvic Pain

    MedlinePLUS

    ... in relieving pelvic pain, especially dysmenorrhea . • Physical therapy—Acupuncture, acupressure, and nerve stimulation therapies may be useful in treating pain caused by dysmenorrhea. Physical therapy that eases trigger points may give relief of muscular pain. Some types ...

  9. Gynecologic Pelvic Pain

    PubMed Central

    Kinch, Robert A.H.

    1989-01-01

    The family physician dealing with gynecologic pelvic pain (acute or chronic) enters at the beginning of the problem as diagnostician, refers the patient to a specialist in the interim, and resumes care in the follow-up period. Patients with chronic pelvic pain (pelvic pain that has lasted for at least six months) can be difficult to treat because they often have a history of dysfunctional family life, sexual and marital problems, and often a hidden history of sexual molestation or incest. The family physician can best care for the patient with empathy, a long ventilated history, complete physical and pelvic examination, and pelvic ultrasonograpy if necessary. Laparoscopy normally shows pelvic adhesions in one third of these patients, minimal endometriosis in one third, and a normal pelvis in the final third. The family physician should specifically reassure patients with normal results that they do not have cancer. The ideal therapy combines both stimulation-produced analgesia and treatment of the psychological, emotional, sociological, and environmental aspects of the disease. PMID:21248970

  10. Laparoscopic assisted adenomyomectomy using double flap method

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Jang-Kew; Shin, Chang-Soo; Ko, Young-Bok; Nam, Sang-Yun; Yim, Hyun-Sun

    2014-01-01

    Objective The purpose of this study was to evaluate postoperative prognosis and progression in patients who received laparoscopic-assisted adenomyomectomy using the double flap method. Methods The pelvic cavity was explored by the conventional laparoscopic method, and drainage was achieved through a 5-mm trocar. After a small incision in the abdomen, the uterus was incised from the fundus to the upper cervical margin until exposing the endometrial cavity. Adenomyotic tissue was removed using a scalpel, scissors, or monopolar electrical bovie. The endometrial cavity was repaired with interrupted sutures using 2-0 vicryl. One side of the serosal flap was used to cover the endometrial side of the uterus. The second serosal flap covered the first flap after removal of the serosal surface of the first flap. Results From January 2008 to March 2012, there were 11 cases of laparoscopic-assisted adenomyomectomy at Chungnam National University Hospital. Nine cases were analyzed, excluding two cases with less than one year of follow-up. The average patient age was 37.0 years and average follow-up duration was 32.8 months. All patients showed improvement in dysmenorrhea (P < 0.001) and hypermenorrhea (P = 0.001) after surgery and were evaluated by visual analogue scale score. However, symptoms of adenomyosis were aggravated in three patients. Adenomyosis was progressed in the side opposite the site of operation. One patient required a total laparoscopic hysterectomy 27 months after surgery. Conclusion Laparoscopic-assisted adenomyomectomy using the double flap method is effective for uterine reduction and relief of dysmenorrhea and hypermenorrhea. Conservative management and careful follow-up are needed because adenomyosis can recur or progress in some patients. PMID:24678486

  11. Laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy: Demonstration of a nerve-sparing technique.

    PubMed

    Sarlos, Dimitri; Aigmueller, Thomas; Magg, Heimo; Schaer, Gabriel

    2015-06-01

    Laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy is a well-established technique to treat apical vaginal prolapse. De novo micturition disorders, pelvic pain, and defecation disorders have been reported and may be due to intraoperative compromise of the superior hypogastric plexus. The video demonstrates our technique for nerve-sparing laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy. The patient is a 62-year-old woman with symptomatic stage III posthysterectomy vaginal vault prolapse. Key steps of the procedure are opening the peritoneum at the level of the promontory, identification of the fibers of the superior hypogastric plexus, deep anterior and posterior dissection with attachment of the mesh to the vagina, displacement of the nerve fibers to the left side during suturing of the mesh to the longitudinal ligament, and complete peritonealization. This technique of the identification and protection of relevant nerve structures appears to be reproducible and can be considered by surgeons who perform laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy. PMID:25499262

  12. Early Pregnancy Loss Following Laparoscopic Management of Ovarian Abscess Secondary to Oocyte Retrieval

    PubMed Central

    Pabuccu, Emre Goksan; Taskin, Salih; Atabekoglu, Cem; Sonmezer, Murat

    2014-01-01

    Severe pelvic infections following ultrasound-guided transvaginal oocyte retrieval (TVOR) are rare but challenging. Ovarian abscess formation is one of the consequences and management of such cases as highly debated in pregnant patients. In this case report, an early fetal loss following laparoscopic management of ovarian abscess is described and possible etiologies are discussed. PMID:25379164

  13. Anatomy and Physiology of Anorectal Prolapse

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. R. Brown; A. J. Shorthouse

    \\u000a The pathophysiology of hemorrhoids and obstructed defecation requires a sound knowledge of the structure and function of the\\u000a pelvic floor. The essential structure of this area is disussed with a specific emphasis on applied anatomy. Current theories\\u000a regarding the physiology of continence and defecation are described. These concepts are then applied to explain the underlying\\u000a pathophysiology of hemorrhoids and obstructed

  14. COMPARATIVE OUTCOMES OF OPEN VERSUS LAPAROSCOPIC SACROCOLPOPEXY AMONG MEDICARE BENEFICIARIES

    PubMed Central

    Khan, Aqsa; Alperin, Marianna; Wu, Ning; Clemens, J. Quentin; Dubina, Emily; Pashos, Chris L.; Anger, Jennifer T.

    2014-01-01

    Introduction Since the first reported laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy in 1991, a limited number of single-center studies have attempted to assess the procedure’s effectiveness and safety. Therefore, we analyzed a national Medicare database to compare real-world short-term outcomes of open and laparoscopic-assisted (including robotic) sacrocolpopexy on a United States sample of patients. Methods Public Use File data for a 5% random national sample of all Medicare beneficiaries age 65 and older were obtained from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services for years 2004–2008. Women with pelvic organ prolapse were identified using ICD-9 diagnosis codes. CPT-4 procedure codes were used to identify women who underwent open (code 57280) or laparoscopic (code 57425) sacrocolpopexy. Individual subjects were followed for one year post-operatively. Outcomes measured, using ICD-9 and CPT-4 codes, included medical and surgical complications and re-treatment rates. Results 794 women underwent open and 176 underwent laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy. Laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy was associated with a significantly increased rate of re-operation for anterior vaginal wall prolapse (3.4% vs. 1.0%, p = 0.018). However, more medical (primarily cardiopulmonary) complications occurred post-operatively in the open group (31.5% vs. 22.7%, p = 0.023). When sacrocolpopexy was performed with concomitant hysterectomy, mesh-related complications were significantly higher in the laparoscopic group (5.4% vs. 0%, p = 0.026). Conclusion Laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy resulted in increased rate of reoperation for prolapse in anterior compartment. When hysterectomy was performed at the time of sacrocolpopexy, the laparoscopic approach was associated with an increased risk of mesh-related complications. PMID:23652338

  15. Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy for a Super-Super-Obese Patient with Situs Inversus Totalis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jean Marc Catheline; Caroline Rosales; Régis Cohen; Hélène Bihan; Jean Luc Fournier; Joël Roussel; Joseph Bénichou

    2006-01-01

    Situs inversus totalis is a rare defect which can present difficulties in the management in laparoscopic surgery due to the\\u000a mirror-image anatomy. Herein, we report a patient with situs inversus totalis and super-super-obesity (BMI 76 kg\\/m2). We performed successful laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. Technical details of this operation, with situs inversus totalis,\\u000a are presented. There were no major difficulties compared to

  16. Laparoscopic Gastric Banding for Morbid Obesity in a Patient with Situs Inversus Totalis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Emin Ersoy; Hande Koksal; Bahadir Ege

    2005-01-01

    We discuss the operative challenges posed by the advanced laparoscopic approach for a patient with situs inversus totalis.\\u000a The patient was a morbidly obese woman with multiple co-morbidities related to her weight. The modifications in the surgical\\u000a technique include the insertion of trocars according to the mirror image anatomy of the intra-abdominal organs under laparoscopic\\u000a visualization. We suggest preoperative abdominal

  17. The role of synthetic and biologic materials in the treatment of pelvic organ prolapse.

    PubMed

    Brown, Ramon A; Ellis, C Neal

    2014-12-01

    Pelvic organ prolapse is a significant medical problem that poses a diagnostic and management dilemma. These diseases cause serious morbidity in those affected and treatment is sought for relief of pelvic pain, rectal bleeding, chronic constipation, obstructed defecation, and fecal incontinence. Numerous procedures have been proposed to treat these conditions; however, the search continues as colorectal surgeons attempt to find the procedure that would optimally treat these conditions. The use of prosthetics in the repair of pelvic organ prolapse has become prevalent as the benefits of their use are realized. While advances in biologic mesh and new surgical techniques promise improved functional outcomes with decreased complication rates without de novo symptoms, the debate concerning the best prosthetic material, synthetic or biologic, remains controversial. Furthermore, laparoscopic ventral mesh rectopexy has emerged as a procedure that could potentially fill this role and is rapidly becoming the procedure of choice for the surgical treatment of pelvic organ prolapse. PMID:25435827

  18. Laparoscopic myomectomy.

    PubMed

    Stoica, R A; Bistriceanu, I; Sima, R; Iordache, N

    2014-01-01

    Uterine leiomyoma is the most common benign tumour occurring in women in the reproductive age. It is typically found during the middle and later reproductive years. The prevalence quoted in literature ranges from 20-50% based on post mortem studies. The symptoms usually reported by women with fibroids are the following: abnormal gynaecologic haemorrhage, chronic pelvic pain, dyspareunia, as well as urinary and bowel symptoms, urinary frequency or retention and, in some cases, infertility. During pregnancy, premature labor might be caused, interfering with the position of the fetus or abortion could be induced. However, only 30% of the women develop symptoms, most of them being asymptomatic. It was proved that the factors that can cause fibroids are the following: genetic, hormonal, and growth factors, especially transforming the growth factor beta (TGFb)-related cellular changes. As diagnosis tools, studies are revealing that ultrasound has been shown to be an insufficient method of myoma mapping, and magnetic resonance imaging should be preferred for surgical therapy planning. The contour of the endometrial cavity is delineated by using trans vaginal ultrasound and saline infusion hysterosonography, but hysteroscopy is the gold standard to evaluate the uterine cavity. PMID:25713613

  19. Laparoscopic myomectomy

    PubMed Central

    Stoica, RA; Bistriceanu, I; Sima, R; Iordache, N

    2014-01-01

    Uterine leiomyoma is the most common benign tumour occurring in women in the reproductive age. It is typically found during the middle and later reproductive years. The prevalence quoted in literature ranges from 20-50% based on post mortem studies. The symptoms usually reported by women with fibroids are the following: abnormal gynaecologic haemorrhage, chronic pelvic pain, dyspareunia, as well as urinary and bowel symptoms, urinary frequency or retention and, in some cases, infertility. During pregnancy, premature labor might be caused, interfering with the position of the fetus or abortion could be induced. However, only 30% of the women develop symptoms, most of them being asymptomatic. It was proved that the factors that can cause fibroids are the following: genetic, hormonal, and growth factors, especially transforming the growth factor beta (TGFb)-related cellular changes. As diagnosis tools, studies are revealing that ultrasound has been shown to be an insufficient method of myoma mapping, and magnetic resonance imaging should be preferred for surgical therapy planning. The contour of the endometrial cavity is delineated by using trans vaginal ultrasound and saline infusion hysterosonography, but hysteroscopy is the gold standard to evaluate the uterine cavity. PMID:25713613

  20. Pelvic Floor Therapies in Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ragi Doggweiler; Adam F. Stewart

    2011-01-01

    Chronic pelvic pain syndrome is a poorly understood clinical entity associated with urinary symptoms, pelvic floor dysfunction,\\u000a and multisystem disorders. Treatment of pelvic floor dysfunction is difficult and often frustrating for the patient as well\\u000a as for the involved physician. The purpose of this review is to update clinicians on the latest research for the treatment\\u000a of pelvic floor dysfunction

  1. Lateral transperitoneal laparoscopic adrenalectomy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Steven J. Shichman; C. D. Anthony Herndon; R. Ernest Sosa; Giles F. Whalen; Dougald C. MacGillivray; Carl D. Malchoff; E. Darracott Vaughan

    1999-01-01

    Several laparoscopic approaches to the adrenal gland have been described. The lateral transperitoneal approach has several\\u000a distinct advantages when contrasted with other techniques for laparoscopic adrenalectomy (LA). We present our technique and\\u000a results obtained in 50 consecutive transperitoneal LAs. We review 50 consecutive laparoscopic adrenalectomies (28 female,\\u000a 19 male) performed from 1993 to 1998. S.J. Shichman or R.E. Sosa was

  2. Laparoscopic herniorrhaphy in children

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. M. Gorsler; F. Schier

    2003-01-01

      Background: We report our clinical experience with 403 inguinal hernias in 279 children. They were treated via a purely laparoscopic\\u000a approach using 2-mm instruments, obviating the need for a groin incision. Methods: Laparoscopic herniorrhaphy was performed\\u000a in children ages 4 days to 15 years. A 5-mm laparoscope was inserted through the umbilicus, and two 2-mm needle holders were\\u000a inserted through

  3. Pelvic prolapse: diagnosing and treating cystoceles, rectoceles, and enteroceles.

    PubMed

    Cespedes, R D; Cross, C A; McGuire, E J

    1998-07-01

    The current generation of women is maintaining a healthier and more active lifestyle into an older age. Treatable conditions such as stress urinary incontinence and pelvic prolapse detract from this active lifestyle. In many cases, an improved quality of life can be maintained by treating pelvic prolapse conditions with relatively minor surgical procedures. Optimal treatment requires a knowledge of pelvic floor anatomy, an understanding of the various pelvic floor defects, and experience in selecting the appropriate procedure. The unequivocal diagnosis of pelvic prolapse conditions can only be made on physical examination. Each section of the vagina -- anterior, posterior, lateral, and apex -- must be inspected and evaluated separately to define the true nature and degree of prolapse. The examination should be performed with a moderate amount of urine in the bladder, and the patient must strain forcefully during the procedure. In some cases, this requires that the patient stand or sit upright during part of the examination to allow all areas of prolapse to become manifest. When the proper procedures are performed, excellent long-term results can be anticipated. The successful treatment of cystoceles requires an evaluation for both lateral and central defects, as inadequate treatment of either defect will lead to recurrences. The treatment of rectoceles is more controversial: Most clinicians would repair symptomatic rectoceles, but many choose not to treat asymptomatic rectoceles because there is little documented benefit to justify the risk of postoperative dyspareunia. Small asymptomatic enteroceles may be treated with a pessary; however, large symptomatic enteroceles usually require surgery. PMID:9732085

  4. Laparoscopic reconstructive urology

    PubMed Central

    Murphy, Declan; Challacombe, Ben; Rane, Abhay

    2005-01-01

    Objective: Laparoscopic reconstructive urology is undergoing rapid change. We review the current status of laparoscopic reconstructive urology, with particular respect to pyeloplasty and reconstructive ureteric surgery. Methods: An extensive Medline search of reconstructive laparoscopic procedures was undertaken. The initial reports and large series reports of a range of procedures was examined and summarised. The most commonly practised procedure within this remit is laparoscopic pyeloplasty. Several series of over 100 patients have been published. Success rates average over 90% for laparoscopic pyeloplasty with a low complication rate. Much less common laparoscopic reconstructive urological procedures include ureteric re-implantation, Boari flap, urinary diversion and transuretero-ureterostomy. The results of these are encouraging. Conclusions: Laparoscopic pyeloplasty may be safely performed by either the transperitoneal or retroperitoneal routes with excellent results. It should be considered the “gold standard” for the management of UPJ obstruction, especially in those patients with significant hydronephrosis, renal impairment or a crossing vessel. Laparoscopic ureteric reimplantation, Boari flap, urinary diversion and transuretero-ureterostomy have been performed by experienced laparoscopic urologists with encouraging results. PMID:21206661

  5. Successful laparoscopic management of an incarcerated obturator hernia

    PubMed Central

    Lynch, Noel P.; Corrigan, Mark A.; Kearney, David E.; Andrews, Emmet J.

    2013-01-01

    Obturator hernia is a rare pelvic hernia that occurs primarily in multiparous, elderly (>70 years of age), thin females. This case highlights the successful laparoscopic mesh repair of an incarcerated obturator hernia in an octogenarian. The authors report a case of an incarcerated obturator hernia in an elderly female with subsequent high-grade small bowel and its successful laparoscopic operative management. A review of the relevant literature was also performed following a search on the online literature databases such as PUBMED and EMBASE. Laparoscopic mesh repair of the incarcerated obturator hernia and an ipsilateral femoral hernia found incidentally was successfully performed. A review of the literature showed a significant burden of morbidity and mortality associated with obturator hernias. Laparoscopic mesh repair has been previously shown to be a safe therapeutic modality. Small bowel obstruction and leg pain in a thin elderly lady should arouse suspicion for an incarcerated obturator hernia. Laparoscopic management of an incarcerated obturator hernia is a feasible and safe therapeutic option. PMID:24964456

  6. Safe and rapid laparoscopic access--a new approach.

    PubMed

    Antevil, Jared L; Bhoyrul, Sunil; Brunson, Mathew E; Vierra, Mark A; Swadia, Nayan D

    2005-06-01

    Despite numerous recent technical advances in minimally invasive surgical technique, the potential exists for serious morbidity during initial laparoscopic access. Safe access depends on adhering to well-recognized principles of trocar insertion, knowledge of abdominal anatomy, and recognition of hazards imposed by previous surgery. Applying these principles, we describe a safe, rapid, and cost-effective technique for laparoscopic access using readily available instruments. This technique emphasizes identification and incision of the point at which the midline abdominal fascia is fused with the base of the umbilicus, and the importance of the application of countertraction directly at the point of insertion. This method allows penetration under direct vision with minimal controlled axial force, and without the requirement for fascial sutures or other cumbersome aspects of the traditional open technique. While previous reports describe techniques for laparoscopic access entry based on similar anatomic and surgical principles, we describe an alternative method not yet discussed in the surgical literature. PMID:15895194

  7. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

    MedlinePLUS

    KidsHealth > Teens > Sexual Health > STDs & Other Infections > Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) Print A A A Text Size What's in this article? ... possible. So when you're making choices about sex, be smart and be safe. Reviewed by: Larissa Hirsch, MD Date reviewed: January ... For Teens For Kids For Parents MORE ON THIS TOPIC ...

  8. Transient Occlusion of Uterine Arteries in Laparoscopic Uterine Surgery

    PubMed Central

    Kwon, Yong-Soon; Roh, Hyun Jin; Ahn, Jun Woo; Lee, Sang-Hun

    2015-01-01

    Background and Objectives: This study was conducted to determine the feasibility and effectiveness of transient occlusion of the uterine arteries (TOUA) during laparoscopic surgery for benign uterine tumors, with preservation of fertility. Methods: Patients with uterine myoma or adenomyoma underwent laparoscopic uterine surgery, with or without TOUA, performed by a single surgeon (Y.-S.K.). Surgical outcomes included operative time; occurrence of intraoperative injury of blood vessels, nerves, and pelvic organs; and intraoperative blood loss. Results: Of the 168 surgical patients included in this study, 144 were enrolled consecutively during the study period, and 24 had undergone adenomectomy before the study period. A total of 104 women (70 with myoma; 34 with adenomyoma) seeking uterine preservation underwent laparoscopic surgery with TOUA for benign uterine tumors. Sixty-four women (40 with myoma; 24 with adenomyoma) underwent surgery without TOUA. The mean total surgical time of the TOUA groups was 74.85 minutes for uterine myoma and 84.09 minutes for uterine adenomyoma. The mean estimated blood loss during laparoscopic myomectomy and adenomyomectomy was less in the TOUA groups than in the non-TOUA groups (109 vs. 203.4 mL in myomectomy, P < .05; 148.1 vs. 158.9 mL in adenomyomectomy; P < .05). Time to perform TOUA was 13.9 minutes in laparoscopic myomectomy and 7.33 minutes in laparoscopic adenomyomectomy. The hospital stay of the TOUA groups was 3.32 days for uterine myoma and 3.82 days for uterine adenomyoma. No intraoperative conversion to laparotomy was necessary, and no major complications occurred during any of the procedures. Conclusion: Laparoscopic uterine surgery with TOUA could be a safe and effective surgical method for women with symptomatic benign uterine tumors who wish to preserve fertility. PMID:25848179

  9. Heterotopic pancreatic tail appearing as adrenal mass in a patient with left pelvic kidney.

    PubMed

    Ghali, Fady; Hyams, Elias S

    2015-05-01

    A computed tomography scan of a 30-year-old male patient with hematuria incidentally revealed a left pelvic kidney and a lobulated mass in the left adrenal gland concerning for neoplasm. Although laparoscopic adrenalectomy was considered, serial imaging revealed the mass to be the pancreatic tail within the vacant renal fossa. This case demonstrates that ectopia of the kidney can lead to anatomic distortions that may confound the interpretation of radiologic examinations. PMID:25917743

  10. Neural control of the female urethral and anal rhabdosphincters and pelvic floor muscles

    PubMed Central

    de Groat, William C.

    2010-01-01

    The urethral rhabdosphincter and pelvic floor muscles are important in maintenance of urinary continence and in preventing descent of pelvic organs [i.e., pelvic organ prolapse (POP)]. Despite its clinical importance and complexity, a comprehensive review of neural control of the rhabdosphincter and pelvic floor muscles is lacking. The present review places historical and recent basic science findings on neural control into the context of functional anatomy of the pelvic muscles and their coordination with visceral function and correlates basic science findings with clinical findings when possible. This review briefly describes the striated muscles of the pelvis and then provides details on the peripheral innervation and, in particular, the contributions of the pudendal and levator ani nerves to the function of the various pelvic muscles. The locations and unique phenotypic characteristics of rhabdosphincter motor neurons located in Onuf's nucleus, and levator ani motor neurons located diffusely in the sacral ventral horn, are provided along with the locations and phenotypes of primary afferent neurons that convey sensory information from these muscles. Spinal and supraspinal pathways mediating excitatory and inhibitory inputs to the motor neurons are described; the relative contributions of the nerves to urethral function and their involvement in POP and incontinence are discussed. Finally, a detailed summary of the neurochemical anatomy of Onuf's nucleus and the pharmacological control of the rhabdosphincter are provided. PMID:20484700

  11. Teaching instrument: a laparoscopic training model.

    PubMed

    Tintara, H; Choobun, T

    2001-11-01

    A laparoscopic training model with female surface anatomy has been developed. This training model is made of a plastic boutique-showing model that is equivalent to normal-size female anatomy from the neck to the upper thigh. Four holes were made on the model's abdominal wall as puncture-sites to enter the cavity, the first is 80-mm diameter at the umbilical area, and the other three 38-mm diameter holes are located on both sides of the lower abdomen and suprapubic area. The umbilical hole can be covered with a simulated abdominal wall made from 6.5-mm insulation sheet, fixed to the model using a rubber band. The other three puncture-sites were plugged with a flexible rubber diaphragm as working ports. When used as video-laparoscopy, the auto-focus camcorder is used as a telescope and is connected to a regular television set as a monitor. This model can be used for training of abdominal entry by Veress needle or trocar, laparoscopic tubal ligation (LTL), and video-eye-hand co-ordination. This model has been a training medium in our Department for 1 year and was included in the OSCE for the Board Examination of the Royal Thai College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists in the year 2000 to assess the process of Veress needle insertion. PMID:11853305

  12. Dream Anatomy

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    For centuries, artists and physicians have rendered the human body and its anatomy in a myriad of ways, and with the invention of the printing press in the 15th century, the number of anatomical drawings and their like multiplied. Drawing on the collections contained within the National Library of Medicine, this revealing digital exhibit explores some of the ways in which human anatomy has been imagined and represented over the past five centuries or so. These images are divided into a number of thematic sections, including "Anatomical Dreamtime", "Getting Real", and "Visionary & Visible". Visitors to the site can also view the winners in a related contest which asked children to draw what they thought the body looked like "under the skin".

  13. Web Anatomy

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Jensen, Murray

    The College of Education and Human Development at the University of Minnesota has created this interactive and engaging set of resources designed to help college students learn about anatomy and physiology. Along with the learning modules, visitors can also take part in the rather fun "Anatomy Bowl". Here visitors can take on topics like biochemistry, the heart, and the reproductive system in a format that is quite similar to a certain popular television game show. Moving along, there's the "Self Test" section. Here visitors can take quizzes of varying lengths designed to test their knowledge of fifteen different subjects, including the endocrine system and the lymphatic system. The site also contains a "Timed Tests" area and a more comprehensive "Quiz Bowl" which allows visitors the opportunity to answer seventeen questions across a myriad of topics.

  14. Speed anatomy.

    PubMed

    2015-06-01

    This fun game helps you get to grips with the basics of anatomy. If, like me, you came into nursing with little grasp of human biology, it can help you to understand how we are put together and picture what we look like on the inside. How fast can you point to your liver or gall bladder? And do you know the difference between the auricle and the utricle? PMID:26036394

  15. Pelvic support, pelvic symptoms, and patient satisfaction after colpocleisis

    PubMed Central

    Richter, H. E.; Bradley, C. S.; Ye, W.; Visco, A. C.; Cundiff, G. W.; Zyczynski, H. M.; Fine, P.; Weber, A. M.

    2013-01-01

    The objective was to study the effect of colpocleisis on pelvic support, symptoms, and quality of life and report-associated morbidity and postoperative satisfaction. Women undergoing colpocleisis for treatment of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) were recruited at six centers. Baseline measures included physical examination, responses to the Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory, and Pelvic Floor Impact Questionnaire. Three and 12 months after surgery we repeated baseline measures. Of 152 patients with mean age 79 (±6) years, 132 (87%) completed 1 year follow-up. Three and 12 months after surgery, 90/110 (82%) and 75/103 (73%) patients following up had POP stage ?1. All pelvic symptom scores and related bother significantly improved at 3 and 12 months, and 125 (95%) patients said they were either ‘very satisfied’ or ‘satisfied’ with the outcome of their surgery. Colpocleisis was effective in resolving prolapse and pelvic symptoms and was associated with high patient satisfaction. PMID:18690402

  16. AAA: Anatomy Textbook Reviews

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2011-12-23

    This link on the American Anatomists Association (AAA) provides students and teachers with a one stop site for review of anatomy textbook and education resources (ex: flash cards and atlases). Textbooks include clinical anatomy, human anatomy and specialized regions.

  17. The effects and effectiveness of laparoscopic excision of endometriosis: a prospective study with 2-5 year follow-up

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. A. Abbott; J. Hawe; R. D. Clayton; R. Garry

    2003-01-01

    BACKGROUND: This study investigates the outcomes for women up to 5 years after laparoscopic excision of endo- metriosis. METHODS: In this prospective observational cohort study, 254 women with chronic pelvic pain were referred to two units specializing in minimal access surgical management of endometriosis. Of these, 216 women underwent surgical assessment and 176 were confirmed to have endometriosis. Questionnaires and

  18. HELICAL COMPUTERIZED TOMOGRAPHY ARTERIOGRAPHY FOR EVALUATION OF LIVE RENAL DONORS UNDERGOING LAPAROSCOPIC NEPHRECTOMY

    Microsoft Academic Search

    JOSEPH J. DEL PIZZO; GEOFFREY N. SKLAR; JADE WONG YOU-CHEONG; BRIAN LEVIN; THORSTEN KREBS; STEPHEN C. JACOBS

    1999-01-01

    PurposeTraditionally, live renal donors are evaluated with excretory urography and renal arteriography. Helical computerized tomography (CT) arteriography offers a less invasive alternative for demonstrating necessary anatomical information before laparoscopic allograft harvest. We evaluate the accuracy of helical CT arteriography in depicting renal vascular anatomy with an emphasis on the detection of arterial and venous anomalies.

  19. Antimullerian hormone changes after laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy for endometrioma compared with the nonovarian conditions.

    PubMed

    Tanprasertkul, Chamnan; Manusook, Sakol; Somprasit, Charintip; Ekarattanawong, Sophapun; Sreshthaputra, Opas; Vutyavanich, Teraporn

    2014-01-01

    Laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy is recommended for surgical procedure of endometrioma. The negative impact on ovarian reserve following removal had been documented. Little evidence had been reported for nonovarian originated effects. Objective. To evaluate the impact of laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy for endometrioma on ovarian reserve, measured by serum antimullerian hormone (AMH), compared to nonovarian pelvic surgery. Materials and Methods. A prospective study was conducted. Women who underwent laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy (LOC) and laparoscopic nonovarian pelvic surgery (NOS) were recruited and followed up through 6 months. Clinical baseline data and AMH were evaluated. Results. 39 and 38 participants were enrolled in LOC and NOS groups, respectively. Baseline characteristics (age, weight, BMI, and height) and preoperative AMH level between 2 groups were not statistically different. After surgery, AMH of both groups decreased since the first week, at 1 month and at 3 months. However, as compared to the LOC group at 6 months after operation, the mean AMH of the NOS group had regained its value with a highly significant difference. Conclusion. This study demonstrated the negative impact of nonovarian or indirect effects of laparoscopic surgery to ovarian reserve. The possible mechanisms are necessary for more investigations. PMID:25580291

  20. Antimullerian Hormone Changes after Laparoscopic Ovarian Cystectomy for Endometrioma Compared with the Nonovarian Conditions

    PubMed Central

    Manusook, Sakol; Somprasit, Charintip; Ekarattanawong, Sophapun; Sreshthaputra, Opas; Vutyavanich, Teraporn

    2014-01-01

    Laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy is recommended for surgical procedure of endometrioma. The negative impact on ovarian reserve following removal had been documented. Little evidence had been reported for nonovarian originated effects. Objective. To evaluate the impact of laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy for endometrioma on ovarian reserve, measured by serum antimullerian hormone (AMH), compared to nonovarian pelvic surgery. Materials and Methods. A prospective study was conducted. Women who underwent laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy (LOC) and laparoscopic nonovarian pelvic surgery (NOS) were recruited and followed up through 6 months. Clinical baseline data and AMH were evaluated. Results. 39 and 38 participants were enrolled in LOC and NOS groups, respectively. Baseline characteristics (age, weight, BMI, and height) and preoperative AMH level between 2 groups were not statistically different. After surgery, AMH of both groups decreased since the first week, at 1 month and at 3 months. However, as compared to the LOC group at 6 months after operation, the mean AMH of the NOS group had regained its value with a highly significant difference. Conclusion. This study demonstrated the negative impact of nonovarian or indirect effects of laparoscopic surgery to ovarian reserve. The possible mechanisms are necessary for more investigations. PMID:25580291

  1. Laparoscopic partial adrenalectomy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T. Imai; Y. Tanaka; T. Kikumori; M. Ohiwa; N. Matsuura; T. Mase; H. Funahashi

    1999-01-01

    Background: Most laparoscopic adrenalectomies involve total removal of the whole adrenal gland, and reports of laparoscopic partial adrenalectomies\\u000a have been very few. The criteria for performing a laparoscopic partial adrenalectomy have not been described.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods: (a) Patients with functioning adrenal tumors smaller than 3 cm in diameter were selected. (b) The solitary adrenal tumors\\u000a were evaluated by preoperative thin-slice computed

  2. Neurobiological Mechanisms of Pelvic Pain

    PubMed Central

    Leone Roberti Maggiore, Umberto; Candiani, Massimo

    2014-01-01

    Pelvic pain is a common condition which significantly deteriorates health-related quality of life. The most commonly identified causes of pain in the pelvic region are gynaecologic, urologic, gastrointestinal, neurological, and musculoskeletal. However, in up to 33% of patients the source of this symptom is not identified, frustrating both patients and health-care professionals. Pelvic pain may involve both the somatic and visceral systems, making the differential diagnosing challenging. This paper aimed to review the mechanisms involved in pelvic pain perception by analyzing the neural plasticity and molecules which are involved in these complex circuits. PMID:25110704

  3. An atlas of radiological anatomy

    SciTech Connect

    Weir, J.; Abrahams, P.

    1986-01-01

    This book contains a wealth of radiologic images of normal human anatomy; plain radiographs, contrast-enhanced radiographs, and computed tomography (CT) scans. There are 18 pages of magnetic resonance (MR) images, most on the brain and spinal cord, so that there are only two pages on MR imaging of the heart and two pages on abdominal and pelvic MR imaging. Twelve pages of ultrasound (US) images are included. This book has the radiologic image paired with an explanatory drawing; the image is on the left with a paragraph or two of text, and the drawing is on the right with legends. This book includes images of the brain and spinal cord obtained with arteriography, venography, myelography, encephalography, CT, and MR imaging.

  4. The Virtual Pelvic Floor, a tele-immersive educational environment.

    PubMed

    Pearl, R K; Evenhouse, R; Rasmussen, M; Dech, F; Silverstein, J C; Prokasy, S; Panko, W B

    1999-01-01

    This paper describes the development of the Virtual Pelvic Floor, a new method of teaching the complex anatomy of the pelvic region utilizing virtual reality and advanced networking technology. Virtual reality technology allows improved visualization of three-dimensional structures over conventional media because it supports stereo vision, viewer-centered perspective, large angles of view, and interactivity. Two or more ImmersaDesk systems, drafting table format virtual reality displays, are networked together providing an environment where teacher and students share a high quality three-dimensional anatomical model, and are able to converse, see each other, and to point in three dimensions to indicate areas of interest. This project was realized by the teamwork of surgeons, medical artists and sculptors, computer scientists, and computer visualization experts. It demonstrates the future of virtual reality for surgical education and applications for the Next Generation Internet. PMID:10566378

  5. Laparoscopic transabdominal lateral adrenalectomy.

    PubMed

    Bickenbach, Kai A; Strong, Vivian E

    2012-10-01

    Laparoscopic adrenalectomy is a mainstay of operative options for adrenal tumors and allows surgeons to perform adrenalectomies with less morbidity, less post-operative pain, and shorter hospital stays. The literature has demonstrated its efficacy to be equal to open adrenalectomy in most cases. With regard to malignant primary and metastatic lesions, controversy still remains, however, consideration of a laparoscopic approach for smaller, well circumscribed and non-invasive lesions is reasonable. During any laparoscopic resection, when there is doubt about the ability to safely remove the lesion with an intact capsule, conversion to an open approach should be considered. The primary goal of a safe and complete oncologic resection cannot be compromised. For most benign lesions, laparoscopic approaches are safe and feasible and conversion to an open approach is necessary only for lesions where size limits the ability of a minimally invasive resection. PMID:22933307

  6. Pregnancy After a Laparoscopic Sacrohysteropexy: a Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Albowitz, M.; Schyrba, V.; Bolla, D.; Schöning, A.; Hornung, R.

    2014-01-01

    Pelvic Organ Prolapse (POP) is a rare condition during pregnancy. If all conservative treatments fail, the surgical approach has proven to be in non-pregnant women a very good option due to high efficacy and a very low morbidity and mortality rate. We are reporting on the clinical results of a 33-year-old pregnant woman with a past history of laparoscopic sacrohysteropexy who delivered by caesarean section due to a foetal breech presentation. There are only a handful of cases reporting the outcome “pregnancy” after a laparoscopic sacrohysteropexy. Nevertheless, this appears to be a useful intervention for women with a POP unresponsive to conservative treatment and open family planning. Further studies with long-term follow-ups are required to confirm this. PMID:25364035

  7. Laparoscopic repair of recurrent lateral enterocele and rectocele.

    PubMed

    Solomon, Ellen R; Muffly, Tyler M; Hull, Tracy; Paraiso, Marie Fidela R

    2015-01-01

    It is difficult to determine what types of procedures should be attempted in patients who have recurrent prolapse. We present a case of recurrent lateral enterocele and rectocele after the patient had undergone multiple surgeries for pelvic organ prolapse (POP), including a vaginal hysterectomy, bladder-neck suspension, anterior colporrhaphy, site-specific rectocele repair, apical mesh implant, iliococcygeus vault suspension, and transobturator suburethral sling procedure. With recurrence, the patient underwent robot-assisted laparoscopic sacral colpopexy, tension-free vaginal tape transobturator sling insertion, rectocele repair, and perineorrhaphy with cystoscopy. She then presented with defecatory outlet obstruction and constipation and subsequently was treated with a stapled transanal rectal resection. The patient returned with continued defecatory dysfunction and a recurrent lateral enterocele and rectocele. The recurrence was treated laparoscopically using a lightweight polypropylene mesh. The postoperative period was uneventful. Two years later, the patient reported decreased defecatory symptoms and no further symptomatic prolapse. PMID:25224146

  8. Laparoscopic Partial Nephrectomy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    \\u000a Laparoscopic partial nephrectomy is an excellent management option for small, superficial renal masses. With experience, larger\\u000a and deeper tumors can be addressed as well. Intermediate-term follow-up (3- and 5-year) suggests cancer control similar to\\u000a that of open surgery. The benefit of laparoscopy over open surgery is a briefer and less intense convalescence. The disadvantage\\u000a of laparoscopic partial nephrectomy, at least

  9. [Sacrocolpopexy - pro laparoscopic].

    PubMed

    Hatzinger, M; Sohn, M

    2012-05-01

    Innovative techniques have a really magical attraction for physicians as well as for patients. The number of robotic-assisted procedures worldwide has almost tripled from 80,000 procedures in the year 2007 to 205,000 procedures in 2010. In the same time the total number of Da Vinci surgery systems sold climbed from 800 to 1,400. Advantages, such as three-dimensional visualization, a tremor-filter, an excellent instrument handling with 6 degrees of freedom and better ergonomics, together with aggressive marketing led to a veritable flood of new Da Vinci acquisitions in the whole world. Many just took the opportunity to introduce a new instrument to save a long learning curve and start immediately in the surgical master class.If Da Vinci sacrocolpopexy is compared with the conventional laparoscopic approach, robotic-assisted sacrocolpopexy shows a significantly longer duration of the procedure, a higher need for postoperative analgesics, much higher costs and an identical functional outcome without any advantage over the conventional laparoscopic approach. Although the use of robotic-assisted systems shows a significantly lower learning curve for laparoscopic beginners, it only shows minimal advantages for the experienced laparoscopic surgeon. Therefore it remains uncertain whether robotic-assisted surgery shows a significant advantage compared to the conventional laparoscopic surgery, especially with small reconstructive laparoscopic procedures such as sacrocolpopexy. PMID:22526178

  10. Anatomy in Surgical Examinations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andrew T Raftery

    2002-01-01

    Today, more than ever, the postgraduate surgical trainee requires instruction in anatomy, for no longer does the undergraduate get a thorough grounding in anatomy. In the past, the postgraduate trainee had formal tuition and examination in anatomy at 2nd M.B. and, therefore, only recall and reinforcement of knowledge were necessary to learn the anatomy required for the old Primary Examination

  11. 12) Anatomy Course Outline

    E-print Network

    De Volder, Kris

    12) Anatomy Course Outline 0) Introduction and Course Overview (week 1) 1) Scheme Crash Course (week 1,2) 2) Anatomy of a Language Definition (week 3) 3) Environments and Scope (week 4, 5, 6) 4-Oriented Programming (week 11, 12) 7) Aspect-Oriented Programming (week 13) 22) Anatomy 2) Anatomy of a Language

  12. Sexual dysfunction after pelvic surgery

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C Zippe; K Nandipati; A Agarwal; R Raina

    2006-01-01

    Pelvic surgeries are among the most common causes of organic sexual dysfunction in men and women. The impact of nerve-sparing surgery on potency has been well documented in radical prostatectomy. However, its impact on potency needs to be evaluated in other pelvic surgeries. Sexual dysfunction is highly prevalent even after multiple technical advances in the field of oncological surgeries. The

  13. [Techniques of autonomic nerve preservation in laparoscopic radical resection for rectal cancer].

    PubMed

    Wei, Hongbo; Zheng, Zongheng

    2015-06-25

    Pelvic autonomic nerve is a three-dimensional structure surrounding the rectum. There are several key points related to nerve injury during laparoscopic radical resection for rectal cancer. Hypogastric nerve has close relation with the upper and middle part of the rectum. Combined with S2-S4 pelvic splanchnic nerve, hypogastric nerve forms pelvic plexus. Incorrect operation in pelvic parietal peritoneum during dissection of upper rectum will lead to nerve injury. When performing dissection of inferior mesenteric artery, bilateral nerve tracts should be pushed to posterior abdominal wall and anterior fascia of the abdominal aorta should be well protected to avoid nerve injury. Pelvic plexus fibers located lateral to the rectum of pelvic floor, as well as neurovascular bundle closed to Denonvillier's fascia, also have close relations with nerve injury. Dissection of either lateral or anterior wall of rectum should be performed behind the Denonvillier's fascia and in front of the proper fascia of rectum. Sharp dissection should be performed closed to the mesorectum to protect branches of pelvic plexus. PMID:26108760

  14. The International Pelvic Pain Society

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The International Pelvic Pain Society (IPPS) was founded in 1996 by health professionals as a forum for public and professional education regarding chronic pelvic pain. One of the primary objectives of the IPPS is to "educate health care professionals how to diagnose and manage chronic pelvic pain, thereby changing the lives of patients worldwide." The IPPS is especially focused on addressing the pelvic health needs of women. For health care providers, the IPPS website offers a number of helpful resources such as downloadable articles and Powerpoint presentations concerning Endoscopy, Vulvodunia, Pelvic Congestion, and Physical Therapy, to name a few. The site also offers a collection of Featured Scientific Articles, downloadable IPPS newsletters (current and past), an assemblage of annotated links to related organizations, and more. Offerings for patients include a downloadable Patient Education Booklet, Patient Testimonials, and a service for locating nearby health care providers.

  15. Vesicosacrofistulization after robotically assisted laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy.

    PubMed

    Anand, Mallika; Tanouye, Staci L; Gebhart, John B

    2014-01-01

    Diskitis after sacrocolpopexy for pelvic organ prolapse has been increasingly reported in the literature. We present a case of vesicosacrofistulization resulting in diskitis and osteomyelitis after robotically assisted laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy performed at an outside institution. A 70-year-old woman with uterovaginal prolapse and stress urinary incontinence underwent robotic supracervical hysterectomy with sacrocolpopexy and transobturator sling placement at an outside hospital. Postoperatively, she had recurrent urinary tract infections; by 3 months postoperatively, fevers and leg and back pain had developed. She was given a diagnosis of L5-S1 spondylodiskitis. After 3.5 weeks of intravenous antibiotic therapy failed, further evaluation revealed a fistulous tract to the sacrum. She was transferred to our institution and underwent sacrocolpopexy mesh removal, L5-S1 debridement, antibiotic treatment, and physical therapy. One year after this repair surgery, she has returned to her usual activities with no current symptoms of infection, prolapse, urinary incontinence, or back pain. Vesicosacrofistulization is a serious complication of sacrocolpopexy that can result in diskitis and osteomyelitis. Prevention involves avoiding placing mesh on the bladder and at the L5-S1 disk space during open or minimally invasive sacrocolpopexy. A high index of suspicion for diskitis, even several months after surgery, should be maintained to expedite evaluation. If fistulization of pelvic structures to the sacrum is suspected, a multidisciplinary evaluation and treatment approach should be considered to optimize patient care. PMID:24763162

  16. Regulatory Anatomy

    PubMed Central

    2015-01-01

    This article proposes the term “safety logics” to understand attempts within the European Union (EU) to harmonize member state legislation to ensure a safe and stable supply of human biological material for transplants and transfusions. With safety logics, I refer to assemblages of discourses, legal documents, technological devices, organizational structures, and work practices aimed at minimizing risk. I use this term to reorient the analytical attention with respect to safety regulation. Instead of evaluating whether safety is achieved, the point is to explore the types of “safety” produced through these logics as well as to consider the sometimes unintended consequences of such safety work. In fact, the EU rules have been giving rise to complaints from practitioners finding the directives problematic and inadequate. In this article, I explore the problems practitioners face and why they arise. In short, I expose the regulatory anatomy of the policy landscape. PMID:26139952

  17. Human Anatomy

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This website, crafted by the State University of New York-Upstate Medical University, brings together key resources for students and others interested in human anatomy. These materials were designed with first year medical students in mind, but they will also be of use to individuals taking biology and other science-related courses. On the site, visitors can make their way through six sections ranging from extremities to the head and neck. Each area contains a variety of detailed anatomical charts, glossaries, and images. Radiology resources are also prominently featured within each section, providing students with a different perspective of the human body through x-rays, CT scans, and MRIs. Other helpful resources include fact sheets, quizzes, teaching materials, and other freely available course materials offered from other medical schools.

  18. Explorable Three-Dimensional Digital Model of the Female Pelvis, Pelvic Contents, and Perineum for Anatomical Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sergovich, Aimee; Johnson, Marjorie; Wilson, Timothy D.

    2010-01-01

    The anatomy of the pelvis is complex, multilayered, and its three-dimensional organization is conceptually difficult for students to grasp. The aim of this project was to create an explorable and projectable stereoscopic, three-dimensional (3D) model of the female pelvis and pelvic contents for anatomical education. The model was created using…

  19. Correcting reflux laparoscopically.

    PubMed

    Poulin, E C; Schlachta, C M; Mamazza, J

    1998-01-01

    Most operations in the abdominal cavity and chest can be performed using minimally invasive techniques. As yet it has not been determined which laparoscopic procedures are preferable to the same operations done through conventional laparotomy. However, most surgeons who have completed the learning curves of these procedures believe that most minimally invasive techniques will be scientifically recognized soon. The evolution, validation and justification of advanced laparoscopic surgical methods seem inevitable. Most believe that the trend towards procedures that minimize or eliminate the trauma of surgery while adhering to accepted surgical principles is irreversible. The functional results of laparoscopic antireflux surgery in the seven years since its inception have been virtually identical to the success curves generated with open fundoplication in past years. Furthermore, overall patient outcomes with laparoscopic procedures have been superior to outcomes with the traditional approach. Success is determined by patient selection and operative technique. Patient evaluation should include esophagogastroduodenoscopy, barium swallow, 24 h pH study and esophageal motility study. Gastric emptying also should be evaluated. Patients who have abnormal propulsion in the esophagus should not receive a complete fundoplication (Nissen) because it adds a factor of obstruction. Dor or Toupet procedures are adequate alternatives. Prokinetic agents, dilation or pyloroplasty are used for pyloric obstruction ranging from little to more severe. Correcting reflux laparoscopically is more difficult in patients with obesity, peptic strictures, paraesophageal hernias, short esophagus, or a history of previous upper abdominal or antireflux surgery. PMID:9773211

  20. Laparoscopic treatment of intussusception

    PubMed Central

    Vilallonga, Ramon; Himpens, Jacques; Vandercruysse, Femke

    2014-01-01

    Introduction The success of laparoscopic approach in children has encouraged the application of this technique in young (<2 years) children with non-complicated intussusception. Material and method A retrospective analysis of our database provided a total of 4 patients who underwent laparoscopic reduction of intestinal intussusception between 8/2008 and 4/2013. A comprehensive review of each case was done including the video description of the laparoscopic technique of one of them. Results Four patients (2 boys) were treated by laparoscopy for intestinal intussusception. Mean age was 9 months (5–20 months). Delay time between initial symptoms and diagnosis and between diagnosis and surgery were 3.5 days and 6 h respectively. Mean operative time was 35 min. There were no conversions. There were no complications. Patients were discharged after 2.5 days (2–4 days). We herein report (video) the laparoscopic approach in a 5 month male child who suffered from a ileocecal intussusception. A 10 mm trocar was placed in the left lower quadrant and two 5 mm trocars were placed in the upper left quadrant and suprapubic just to the right midline. The cause of the intussusception was identified and the bowel was reduced. A concomitant appendectomy was performed. Conclusion Laparoscopic reduction of intussusception appears to be a safe procedure, in young children with uncomplicated intussusception. PMID:25574769

  1. Anatomy and physiology of genital organs - women.

    PubMed

    Graziottin, Alessandra; Gambini, Dania

    2015-01-01

    "Anatomy is destiny": Sigmund Freud viewed human anatomy as a necessary, although not a sufficient, condition for understanding the complexity of human sexual function with a solid biologic basis. The aim of the chapter is to describe women's genital anatomy and physiology, focusing on women's sexual function with a clinically oriented vision. Key points include: embryology, stressing that the "female" is the anatomic "default" program, differentiated into "male" only in the presence of androgens at physiologic levels for the gestational age; sex determination and sex differentiation, describing the interplay between anatomic and endocrine factors; the "clitoral-urethral-vaginal" complex, the most recent anatomy reading of the corpora cavernosa pattern in women; the controversial G spot; the role of the pelvic floor muscles in modulating vaginal receptivity and intercourse feelings, with hyperactivity leading to introital dyspareunia and contributing to provoked vestibulodynia and recurrent postcoital cystitis, whilst lesions during delivery reduce vaginal sensations, genital arousability, and orgasm; innervation, vessels, bones, ligaments; and the physiology of women's sexual response. Attention to physiologic aging focuses on "low-grade inflammation," genital and systemic, with its impact on women sexual function, especially after the menopause, if the woman does not or cannot use hormone replacement therapy. PMID:26003238

  2. SKELETAL ANATOMY The Anatomy of Sea Turtles 53

    E-print Network

    SKELETAL ANATOMY The Anatomy of Sea Turtles 53 intermedium centrale humerus lateral process distal ANATOMY The Anatomy of Sea Turtles54 intermedium humerus medial process centrale radius ulna pisiform) and become sepa- rate elements when skeletons are prepared. #12;SKELETAL ANATOMY The Anatomy of Sea Turtles

  3. Nail anatomy.

    PubMed

    de Berker, David

    2013-01-01

    The nail unit comprises the nail plate, the surrounding soft tissues, and their vasculature and innervation based upon the distal phalanx. The nail plate is a laminated keratinized structure lying on the nail matrix (15-25%), the nail bed with its distal onychodermal band (75-85%), and the hyponychium at its free edge. The distal part of the matrix, the lunula characterized by its half-moon shape, can be observed in some digits. The nail plate is embedded by the proximal and lateral folds. From the proximal nail fold, the cuticle (also known as the eponychium), adheres to the superficial surface of the proximal nail plate. The nail unit possesses a complex and abundant vascular network to ensure adequate blood supply. Finally, both the periungual soft tissues and the nail folds are innervated. The shapes, structure, and inter-relationships of these tissues are factors in the way nails present with disease and how we understand and manage those diseases. In particular, an understanding of the surgical anatomy is important for those undertaking diagnostic or curative operations on the nail. With this knowledge, the most appropriate surgery can be planned and the patient can be provided with accurate and clear guidance to enable informed consent. PMID:24079579

  4. Laparoscopic repair of post-abdominoperineal resection hernia: biological mesh and augmentation technique.

    PubMed

    Chelala, E; Declercq, S

    2013-11-16

    Perineal hernias are infrequent complications following abdominoperineal surgeries. These hernias require surgical repair when they become symptomatic by several conventional or reconstructive techniques. The benefits of a full laparoscopic approach and/or the combined approach of a perineal repair of the pelvic floor associated to the laparoscopic placement of a traditional synthetic mesh have been previously demonstrated. In this article, we present the case of a perineal incisional hernia, post-abdominoperineal resection of the rectum after radio chemotherapy, in the neoadjuvant treatment of a rectal adenocarcinoma tumor. An alternative approach, not previously described for the surgical repair of this type of hernia, is presented to assess the feasibility of the suturing repair, and efficacy of a biological acellular porcine collagen implant Permacol(®). A full laparoscopic suturing for the closure of the perineal defect associated to biological mesh reinforcement was successfully undertaken, with good short-term outcomes. PMID:24241325

  5. Complications in laparoscopic surgery.

    PubMed

    Niebuhr, H; Nahrstedt, U; Hollmann, S; Rückert, K

    1995-01-01

    Over the last few years, laparoscopic surgery has gained widespread acceptance in surgical practice. The indications range has expanded extraordinarily in that time. Some of the practiced procedures are already considered the gold standard, while others are still on the way there. The fascinating technique and results notwithstanding, a number of risks, mistakes, and complications are possible in both the initial and the advanced states. We present our experience from 2118 laparoscopic operations performed between February 1991 to March 1995, focusing on the intraoperative complications (Tables 1, 2). PMID:21400429

  6. Anatomy of pelvic arteries adjacent to the sacrospinous ligament: importance of the coccygeal branch of the inferior gluteal artery 1 1 The idea for this research came from the late Thomas E. Elkins, MD. Based on his experience and that of others, Dr Elkins believed that the anatomy of the sacrospinous ligament and its surrounding vasculature were not well known so he set out to describe its anatomy, hoping the knowledge would guide gynecologic surgeons and ultimately provide better and safer care for women who have reconstructive surgery. It is with great honor that we present this, one of the last great works of Thomas E. Elkins, teacher, mentor, and friend

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jason R Thompson; John S Gibb; Rene Genadry; Lara Burrows; Nicholas Lambrou; Jerome L Buller

    1999-01-01

    Objective: To describe the arterial vascular anatomy in the area of the sacrospinous ligament.Methods: Cadaver pelvises were dissected to reveal the anatomy of the sacrospinous ligament with emphasis on vascular and neuroanatomy. Flexible rulers were used to measure the coccygeal branch in five hemipelvises.Results: The pudendal vessels and nerve pass immediately medial and inferior to the ischial spine (within 0.5

  7. Prevention of pelvic radiation disease.

    PubMed

    Fuccio, Lorenzo; Frazzoni, Leonardo; Guido, Alessandra

    2015-02-01

    Pelvic cancers are among the most frequently diagnosed cancers worldwide. Treatment of patients requires a multidisciplinary approach that frequently includes radiotherapy. Gastrointestinal (GI) radiation-induced toxicity is a major complication and the transient or long-term problems, ranging from mild to very severe, arising in non-cancerous tissues resulting from radiation treatment to a tumor of pelvic origin, are actually called as pelvic radiation disease. The incidence of pelvic radiation disease changes according to the radiation technique, the length of follow up, the assessment method, the type and stage of cancer and several other variables. Notably, even with the most recent radiation techniques, i.e., intensity-modulated radiotherapy, the incidence of radiation-induced GI side effects is overall reduced but still not negligible. In addition, radiation-induced GI side effects can develop even after several decades; therefore, the improvement of patient life expectancy will unavoidably increase the risk of developing radiation-induced complications. Once developed, the management of pelvic radiation disease may be challenging. Therefore, the prevention of radiation-induced toxicity represents a reasonable way to avoid a dramatic drop of the quality of life of these patients. In the current manuscript we provide an updated and practical review on the best available evidences in the field of the prevention of pelvic radiation disease. PMID:25664197

  8. Prevention of pelvic radiation disease

    PubMed Central

    Fuccio, Lorenzo; Frazzoni, Leonardo; Guido, Alessandra

    2015-01-01

    Pelvic cancers are among the most frequently diagnosed cancers worldwide. Treatment of patients requires a multidisciplinary approach that frequently includes radiotherapy. Gastrointestinal (GI) radiation-induced toxicity is a major complication and the transient or long-term problems, ranging from mild to very severe, arising in non-cancerous tissues resulting from radiation treatment to a tumor of pelvic origin, are actually called as pelvic radiation disease. The incidence of pelvic radiation disease changes according to the radiation technique, the length of follow up, the assessment method, the type and stage of cancer and several other variables. Notably, even with the most recent radiation techniques, i.e., intensity-modulated radiotherapy, the incidence of radiation-induced GI side effects is overall reduced but still not negligible. In addition, radiation-induced GI side effects can develop even after several decades; therefore, the improvement of patient life expectancy will unavoidably increase the risk of developing radiation-induced complications. Once developed, the management of pelvic radiation disease may be challenging. Therefore, the prevention of radiation-induced toxicity represents a reasonable way to avoid a dramatic drop of the quality of life of these patients. In the current manuscript we provide an updated and practical review on the best available evidences in the field of the prevention of pelvic radiation disease. PMID:25664197

  9. Anatomy: Spotlight on Africa

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Dr. Amadi O Ihunwo (University of the Witwatersrand Anatomical Sciences)

    2008-05-01

    This article describes a survey of African Anatomy Departments in the Medical School setting. The purpose of the survey was to understand how African Anatomy Departments and curriculum compare in various factors to western medical schools.

  10. Virtual Human Anatomy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lin Yong; J. X. Chen; Yanling Liu

    2005-01-01

    To learn human anatomy, medical students must practice on cadavers, as must physicians when they want to brush up on their anatomy knowledge. However, cadavers are in short supply in medical schools worldwide. One potential solution to this problem is the virtual human anatomy and surgery system. VHASS uses cryosection images - cross-section natural-color images generated by slicing a frozen

  11. Laparoscopic Reconstructive Urology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    JIHAD H. KAOUK; INDERBIR S. GILL

    2003-01-01

    PurposeAlthough laparoscopy has emerged as a feasible and effective alternative for a majority of open ablative abdominopelvic urological procedures, minimally invasive reconstruction has come to the forefront only recently. We present the current state of the art of laparoscopic reconstructive urology.

  12. Laparoscopic Paraesophageal Hernia Repair

    PubMed Central

    Medina, Laura; Peetz, Michael; Ratzer, Erick

    1998-01-01

    Background and Objective: Paraesophageal hernias are uncommon yet potentially lethal conditions. Their repair has now been facilitated by laparoscopic technology. We present a series of 20 patients with paraesophageal hernias repaired laparoscopically. Methods: Twenty patients with paraesophageal hernias had laparoscopic repairs. Eighteen patients had primary repair of their hiatal defect. Two required mesh reinforcement. Fifteen patients had a fundoplication procedure performed concomitantly. Results: Long-term follow-up is available on 17 patients. There was no in-hospital morbidity or mortality. Average length of stay was 2.3 days. One patient recurred in the immediate postoperative period. There were no other recurrences. The only death in the series occurred in the oldest patient 18 days postoperatively. He had been discharged from the hospital and died of cardiac failure. No patients have had complications from a paraesophageal hernia postoperatively. Conclusion: Laparoscopic repair of paraesophageal hernias is possible. Preoperative work-up should include motility evaluation to assess esophageal peristalsis as the majority of these will need a concomitant anti-reflux procedure. This data helps the surgeon to determine whether or not a complete or partial wrap should be done. Repair of the diaphragmatic defect can be accomplished in the majority of patients without the use of prosthetic material with excellent results. PMID:9876752

  13. Pediatric Laparoscopic Dismembered Pyeloplasty

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Craig A. Peters; Richard N. Schlussel; Alan B. Retik

    1995-01-01

    We performed laparoscopic dismembered pyeloplasty in a boy with right ureteropelvic junction obstruction using 4 cannula sites, and a dismembering and reanastomosis technique identical to that used in open pyeloplasty. Interrupted sutures were placed and tied intracorporeally. A nephrostomy tube was placed under direct vision for drainage but no ureteral stent was used. Total operating time was 5 hours. The

  14. Managing chronic pelvic pain following reconstructive pelvic surgery with transvaginal mesh.

    PubMed

    Gyang, Anthony N; Feranec, Jessica B; Patel, Rakesh C; Lamvu, Georgine M

    2014-03-01

    In 2001, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the first transvaginal mesh kit to treat pelvic organ prolapse (POP). Since the introduction of vaginal mesh kits, some vaginal meshes have been associated with chronic pelvic pain after reconstructive pelvic floor surgery. Pelvic pain results in between 0 % and 30 % of patients following transvaginal mesh placement. Common causes of chronic pelvic pain include pelvic floor muscle spasm, pudendal neuralgia, and infection. Paucity of data exists on the effective management of chronic pelvic pain after pelvic reconstructive surgery with mesh. We outline the management of chronic pelvic pain after transvaginal mesh placement for reconstructive pelvic floor repair based on our clinical experience and adaptation of data used in other aspects of managing chronic pelvic pain conditions. PMID:24217793

  15. Entomology 201 Lab 3 Anatomy and

    E-print Network

    Eubanks, Micky

    Entomology 201 Lab 3 Anatomy and Metamorphosis #12;External Anatomy head #12;External Anatomy thorax #12;External Anatomy abdomen #12;External Anatomy abdomen #12;External Anatomy abdomen #12;External Anatomy abdomen #12;External Anatomy abdomen #12;External Anatomy abdomen ovipositor #12;External

  16. Laparoscopic Management of Large Myomas

    PubMed Central

    Sinha, Rakesh; Sundaram, Meenakshi

    2009-01-01

    The objective of this article is to review the different techniques that have been adopted for removal of large myomas laparoscopically. We have also quoted literature about the impact of myomas on Pregnancy and obstetrical outcome and the effect of laparoscopic myomectomy on the same. Technical modifications to remove large myomas have been described along with methods to reduce intraoperative bleeding. This comprehensive review describes all possibilities of laparoscopic myomectomy irrespective of size, site and number. PMID:22442517

  17. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy for a left-sided gallbladder.

    PubMed

    Iskandar, Mazen E; Radzio, Agnes; Krikhely, Merab; Leitman, I Michael

    2013-09-21

    Cholecystectomy is a common procedure. Abnormalities in the anatomy of the biliary system are common but an abnormal location of the gallbladder is much rarer. Despite frequent pre-operative imaging, the aberrant location of the gallbladder is commonly discovered at surgery. This article presents a case of a patient with the gallbladder located to the left of the falciform ligament in the absence of situs inversus totalis that presented with right upper quadrant pain. A laparoscopic cholecystectomy was performed and it was noted that the cystic duct originated from the right side. The presence of a left sided gall bladder is often associated with various biliary, portal venous and other anomalies that might lead to intra-operative injuries. The spectrum of unusual positions and anatomical gallbladder abnormalities is reviewed in order to facilitate elective and emergent cholecystectomy as well as other hepatobiliary procedures. With proper identification of the anatomy, minimally invasive approaches are still considered safe. PMID:24124340

  18. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy for a left-sided gallbladder

    PubMed Central

    Iskandar, Mazen E; Radzio, Agnes; Krikhely, Merab; Leitman, I Michael

    2013-01-01

    Cholecystectomy is a common procedure. Abnormalities in the anatomy of the biliary system are common but an abnormal location of the gallbladder is much rarer. Despite frequent pre-operative imaging, the aberrant location of the gallbladder is commonly discovered at surgery. This article presents a case of a patient with the gallbladder located to the left of the falciform ligament in the absence of situs inversus totalis that presented with right upper quadrant pain. A laparoscopic cholecystectomy was performed and it was noted that the cystic duct originated from the right side. The presence of a left sided gall bladder is often associated with various biliary, portal venous and other anomalies that might lead to intra-operative injuries. The spectrum of unusual positions and anatomical gallbladder abnormalities is reviewed in order to facilitate elective and emergent cholecystectomy as well as other hepatobiliary procedures. With proper identification of the anatomy, minimally invasive approaches are still considered safe. PMID:24124340

  19. Laparoscopic en bloc kidney transplantation

    PubMed Central

    Modi, Pranjal; Thyagaraj, Krishnaprasad; Rizvi, Syed Jamal; Vyas, Jigish; Padhi, Sukant; Shah, Kamlesh; Patel, Ram

    2012-01-01

    Laparoscopic donor nephrectomy is well establish procedure and having advantages over open donor nephrectomy in terms of having less pain, early ambulation and rapid post operative recovery. To extend the advantages of laparoscopic surgery to the recipient, recently we have performed laparoscopic kidney transplantations when kidney was procured from deceased donors. As a further extension of the procedure, here we present a case of laparoscopic en bloc kidney transplantation in obese diabetic recipient who received kidneys from 70 year old non-heart beating donor. PMID:23204675

  20. Laparoscopic Salpingo-oophorectomy in Conscious Sedation

    PubMed Central

    Bramante, Silvia; Conti, Fiorella; Rizzi, Maria; Frattari, Antonella; Spina, Tullio

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Conscious sedation has traditionally been used for laparoscopic tubal ligation. General anesthesia with endotracheal intubation may be associated with side effects, such as nausea, vomiting, cough, and dizziness, whereas sedation offers the advantage of having the patient awake and breathing spontaneously. Until now, only diagnostic laparoscopy and minor surgical procedures have been performed in patients under conscious sedation. Case Description: Our report describes 5 cases of laparoscopic salpingo-oophorectomy successfully performed with the aid of conventional-diameter multifunctional instruments in patients under local anesthesia. Totally intravenous sedation was provided by the continuous infusion of propofol and remifentanil, administered through a workstation that uses pharmacokinetic–pharmacodynamic models to titrate each drug, as well as monitoring tools for levels of conscious sedation and local anesthesia. We have labelled our current procedure with the acronym OLICS (Operative Laparoscopy in Conscious Sedation). Four of the patients had mono- or bilateral ovarian cysts and 1 patient, with the BRCA1 gene mutation and a family history of ovarian cancer, had normal ovaries. Insufflation time ranged from 19 to 25 minutes. All patients maintained spontaneous breathing throughout the surgical procedure, and no episodes of hypotension or bradycardia occurred. Optimal pain control was obtained in all cases. During the hospital stay, the patients did not need further analgesic drugs. All the women reported high or very high satisfaction and were discharged within 18 hours of the procedure. Discussion and Conclusion: Salpingo-oophorectomy in conscious sedation is safe and feasible and avoids the complications of general anesthesia. It can be offered to well-motivated patients without a history of pelvic surgery and low to normal body mass index. PMID:26175550

  1. Pelvic lymph node dissection and outcome of robot-assisted radical cystectomy for bladder carcinoma

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Aldrin J. Gamboa; Jennifer L. Young; Atreya Dash; Jose Benito Abraham; Geoffrey N. Box; David K. Ornstein

    2009-01-01

    Introduction  Pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) at the time of radical cystectomy for urothelial carcinoma of the bladder is critical\\u000a for accurate staging and may improve oncologic outcomes. Minimally invasive approaches have been criticized for limiting the\\u000a extent of the PLND. We reviewed our experience with PLND and its perioperative outcomes with robot-assisted laparoscopic radical\\u000a cystectomy (RARC).\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Data were collected prospectively

  2. Management of Pelvic Organ Prolapse

    PubMed Central

    Choi, Kyung Hwa

    2014-01-01

    Quality of life is adversely affected by pelvic organ prolapse, the prevalence of which is increasing because of the persistently growing older population. Today, the tension-free vaginal mesh kit has grown in popularity owing to its comparable cure rate to traditional reconstructive surgery and the feasibility of an early return to normal life. However, significant debate remains over the long-term cure rate and the safety of tension-free vaginal mesh in the United States. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration recommends obtaining informed consent about the safety and cure rate when the patient chooses surgery using the tension-free vaginal mesh kit or meshes before surgery. The goal of surgery for pelvic organ prolapse is the restoration of anatomic defects. This review article provides an overview of basic surgical techniques and the results, advantages, and disadvantages of surgery for pelvic organ prolapse. PMID:25405010

  3. Imaging in laparoscopic cholecystectomy--what a radiologist needs to know.

    PubMed

    Desai, Naman S; Khandelwal, Ashish; Virmani, Vivek; Kwatra, Neha S; Ricci, Joseph A; Saboo, Sachin S

    2014-06-01

    Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the gold standard treatment option for cholelithiasis. In order to properly assess for the complications related to the procedure, an understanding of the normal biliary anatomy, its variants and the normal postoperative imaging is essential. Radiologist must be aware of benefits and limitations of multiple imaging modalities in characterizing the complications of this procedure as each of these modalities have a critical role in evaluating a symptomatic post-cholecystectomy patient. The purpose of this article is describe the multi-modality imaging of normal biliary anatomy and its variants, as well as to illustrate the imaging features of biliary, vascular, cystic duct, infectious as well as miscellaneous complications of laparoscopic cholecystectomy. We focus on the information that the radiologist needs to know about the radiographic manifestations of potential complications of this procedure. PMID:24657107

  4. Successful laparoscopic reversal of gastric bypass in a patient with malnutrition

    PubMed Central

    Park, Ji Yeon

    2014-01-01

    Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is one of the most commonly performed bariatric procedures around the world. Although RYGB is the gold standard for treating morbid obesity, it carries the risk of rare but serious long-term complications from malnutrition. We report a case of laparoscopic reversal of RYGB. A female patient reported prolonged incapacitating postprandial pain that consequently made her avoid proper oral intake. Therefore, she became seriously malnourished at 30 months after RYGB and requested reversal of RYGB into normal anatomy. The operation was successfully performed via laparoscopy. Operating time was 120 minutes, and intraoperative blood loss was 20 mL. The patient was discharged without any complications directly related to surgical procedures, although her hospital stay was prolonged by the treatment of asymptomatic septicemia of unknown origin. Laparoscopic reversal of RYGB into normal anatomy is technically feasible and might be performed safely after thorough preoperative evaluation in carefully selected patients. PMID:25317419

  5. Synthetic biomaterials for pelvic floor reconstruction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Matthew E. Karlovsky; Leslie Kushner; Gopal H. Badlani

    2005-01-01

    Pelvic organ prolapse and stress urinary incontinence increase with age. The increasing proportion of the aging female population\\u000a is likely to result in a demand for care of pelvic floor prolapse and incontinence. Experimental evidence of altered connective\\u000a tissue metabolism may predispose to pelvic floor dysfunction, supporting the use of biomaterials, such as synthetic mesh,\\u000a to correct pelvic fascial defects.

  6. Synthetic biomaterials for pelvic floor reconstruction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Matthew E. Karlovsky; Leslie Kushner; Gopal H. Badlani

    2006-01-01

    Pelvic organ prolapse and stress urinary incontinence increase with age. The increasing proportion of the aging female population\\u000a is likely to result in a demand for care of pelvic floor prolapse and incontinence. Experimental evidence of altered connective\\u000a tissue metabolism may predispose to pelvic floor dysfunction, supporting the use of biomaterials, such as synthetic mesh,\\u000a to correct pelvic fascial defects.

  7. Laparoscopic hemicolectomy in a patient with situs inversus totalis after open distal gastrectomy.

    PubMed

    Sumi, Yasuo; Tomono, Ayako; Suzuki, Satoshi; Kuroda, Daisuke; Kakeji, Yoshihiro

    2013-02-27

    Situs inversus totalis (SIT) is a rare anomaly in which the abdominal and thoracic cavity structures are opposite their usual positions. Occasionally, a few patients with a combination of this condition and malignant tumors have been encountered. Recently, several laparoscopic operations have been reported in patients with SIT. We report a case of an 83-year-old man with situs inversus totalis who developed colon cancer after open distal gastrectomy. Laparoscopic hemicolectomy with radical lymphadenectomy in such a patient was successfully performed by careful consideration of the mirror-image anatomy. Techniques themselves was not different from those in ordinary cases. Thus, curative laparoscopic surgery for colon cancer in the presence of situs inversus totalis is feasible and safe. PMID:23515492

  8. Laparoscopic gastric bypass versus laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Laurent Biertho; Rudolf Steffen; Thomas Ricklin; Fritz F Horber; Alfons Pomp; William B Inabnet; Daniel Herron; Michel Gagner

    2003-01-01

    BackgroundIndications for and results of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) and laparoscopic gastric bypass (LGB) are still controversial, especially between Europe and the United States. The recent availability of gastric bandings in the United States made it necessary to compare the two techniques.

  9. History of laparoscopic surgery.

    PubMed

    Nagy, A G; Poulin, E C; Girotti, M J; Litwin, D E; Mamazza, J

    1992-06-01

    Since the beginning of the 20th century physicians have promoted laparoscopy as a valuable adjunct to the diagnosis of diseases of the abdominal cavity. Laparoscopy, however, failed to become popular among abdominal surgeons until the advent of laparoscopic cholecystectomy. This single new operative approach to the treatment of gallbladder stones gave rise to such enthusiasm among general surgeons that other innovative laparoscopic procedures are now being promoted in ever-increasing numbers. The general surgeon has again become the leader in the introduction of a new surgical approach. This new technique must be developed with great care, and there must be rigorous criteria for its use, critical analysis of the technique and honest reporting of results. PMID:1535544

  10. Total Laparoscopic Pancreaticoduodenectomy

    PubMed Central

    Kamyab, Armin

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: Total laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy (TLPD) remains one of the most advanced laparoscopic procedures. Owing to the evolution in laparoscopic technology and instrumentation within the past decade, laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy is beginning to gain wider acceptance. Methods: Data were collected for all patients who underwent a TLPD at our institution. Preoperative evaluation consisted of computed tomography scan with pancreatic protocol and selective use of magnetic resonance imaging and/or endoscopic ultrasonography. The TLPD was done with 6 ports on 3 patients and 5 ports in 2 patients and included a celiac, periportal, peripancreatic, and periduodenal lymphadenectomy. Pancreatic stents were used in all 5 cases, and intestinal continuity was re-established by intracorporeal anastomoses. Results: Five patients underwent a TLPD for suspicion of a periampullary tumor. There were 3 women and 2 men with a mean age of 60 years and a mean body mass index of 32.8. Intraoperatively, the mean operative time was 9 hours 48 minutes, with a mean blood loss of 136 mL. Postoperatively, there were no complications and a mean length of stay of 6.6 days. There was no lymph node involvement in 4 out of 5 specimens. The pathological results included intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm in 2 patients, pancreatic adenocarcinoma in 1 patient (R0 resection), benign 4-cm periampullary adenoma in 1 patient, and a somatostatin neuroendocrine carcinoma in 1 patient (R0, N1). Conclusion: TLPD is a viable alternative to the standard Whipple procedure. Our early experience suggests decreased length of stay, quicker recovery, and improved quality of life. Complication rates appear to be improved or equivalent. PMID:23925010

  11. Peritonitis: laparoscopic approach

    PubMed Central

    Agresta, Ferdinando; Ciardo, Luigi Francesco; Mazzarolo, Giorgio; Michelet, Ivan; Orsi, Guido; Trentin, Giuseppe; Bedin, Natalino

    2006-01-01

    Background Laparoscopy has became as the preferred surgical approach to a number of different diseases because it allows a correct diagnosis and treatment at the same time. In abdominal emergencies, both components of treatment – exploration to identify the causative pathology and performance of an appropriate operation – can often be accomplished via laparoscopy. There is still a debate of peritonitis as a contraindication to this kind of approach. Aim of the present work is to illustrate retrospectively the results of a case-control experience of laparoscopic vs. open surgery for abdominal peritonitis emergencies carried out at our institution. Methods From January 1992 and January 2002 a total of 935 patients (mean age 42.3 ± 17.2 years) underwent emergent and/or urgent surgery. Among them, 602 (64.3%) were operated on laparoscopically (of whom 112 -18.7% – with peritonitis), according to the presence of a surgical team trained in laparoscopy. Patients with a history of malignancy, more than two previous major abdominal surgeries or massive bowel distension were not treated Laparoscopically. Peritonitis was not considered contraindication to Laparoscopy. Results The conversion rate was 23.2% in patients with peritonitis and was mainly due to the presence of dense intra-abdominal adhesions. Major complications ranged as high as 5.3% with a postoperative mortality of 1.7%. A definitive diagnosis was accomplished in 85.7% (96 pat.) of cases, and 90.6% (87) of these patients were treated successfully by Laparoscopy. Conclusion Even if limited by its retrospective feature, the present experience let us to consider the Laparoscopic approach to abdominal peritonitis emergencies a safe and effective as conventional surgery, with a higher diagnostic yield and allows for lesser trauma and a more rapid postoperative recovery. Such features make Laparoscopy a challenging alternative to open surgery in the management algorithm for abdominal peritonitis emergencies. PMID:16759400

  12. Laparoscopic herniorrhaphy in girls

    Microsoft Academic Search

    F Schier

    1998-01-01

    Background\\/Purpose: Laparoscopy has been used to evaluate the contralateral side in inguinal hernias. Once a hernia was identified in such procedures, laparoscopy was terminated and a conventional groin exploration was undertaken. This study presents a purely laparoscopic approach using miniature instruments without the use of a groin incision.Methods: The technique was applied in 14 girls (median age, 6.5 years). The

  13. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy in situs inversus totalis: The importance of being left-handed

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. M. Oms; J. M. Badia

    2003-01-01

    Since laparoscopic cholecystectomy has become the standard procedure for the treatment of gallstone disease, several cases have been reported in patients with situs inversus. These cases require more technically demanding procedures due to the symmetrical disposition of the anatomy. Thus, handedness could influence the performance of these operations. The two of us (L.M.O.) and (J.M.B.), a right-handed and a left-handed

  14. Laparoscopic renal surgery.

    PubMed

    Sountoulides, P G; Kaufmann, O G; Kaplan, A G; Louie, M K; McDougall, E M; Clayman, R V

    2009-08-01

    Renal surgery, radical nephrectomy in particular, was historically the first application of laparoscopic techniques in urology. Since then, laparoscopy has been constantly evolving to claim its position in the surgical armamentarium of the urologist for the treatment of both malignant and benign diseases of the kidney and upper urinary tract. Over the years of increasing surgical experience and exposure, along with the evolution in the techniques and instruments used, laparoscopy has emerged as an equally effective and even more attractive alternative to open surgery for certain indications. The currently available load of literature is able to prove beyond any doubt the oncologic efficacy and minimal morbidity of laparoscopy for the treatment of renal masses in the form of radical or partial laparoscopic nephrectomy and nephroureterectomy. On the other hand, one can claim that laparoscopy is not far from replacing open surgery for the management of benign conditions such as ureteropelvic junction obstruction and donor nephrectomy. This review on laparoscopic renal surgery will discuss the major applications, indications, techniques and outcomes of laparoscopy in the contemporary management of benign and malignant renal diseases while focusing on its benefits and drawbacks compared to open surgery. PMID:19648858

  15. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a patient with situs inversus totalis and previous abdominal surgery.

    PubMed

    Polychronidis, A; Karayiannakis, A; Botaitis, S; Perente, S; Simopoulos, C

    2002-07-01

    Situs inversus totalis is a rare congenital defect that can present difficulties during laparoscopic surgery due to the mirror-image anatomy. We report a patient with symptomatic cholelithiasis and previous abdominal surgery in whom a chest X-ray revealed a right-sided heart, whereas abdominal ultrasound revealed that his gallbladder was located in the left hypochondrium. At surgery, the surgeon and the camera assistant were standing on the right-hand side of the patient, and the first assistant was standing on the left. The camera was introduced through an umbilical incision, and laparoscopy confirmed the situs inversus. The other 10-mm trocar was placed in the midline left of the falciform ligament and two 5-mm trocars were placed in the left subcostal midclavicular line and anterior axillary line, respectively. After dissection of multiple adhesions caused by previous abdominal surgery, a standard laparoscopic cholecystectomy was performed successfully. This report suggests that situs inversus is not a contraindication for laparoscopic surgery. However, the procedure is more difficult and potentially hazardous due to the mirror-image anatomy (particularly the transposition of biliary ducts) causing difficulties in orientation, so that extreme care is required to avoid iatrogenic injuries. Despite these factors, laparoscopic cholecystectomy can be performed safely in patients with situs inversus totalis. PMID:12165836

  16. NERVE INJURY AFTER LAPAROSCOPIC VARICOCELECTOMY

    Microsoft Academic Search

    KRISTIN CHROUSER; DAVID VANDERSTEEN; JULIE CROCKER; YURI REINBERG

    2004-01-01

    Purpose:Laparoscopic varicocelectomy is a minimally invasive option for varicoceles in children. Occasional reports of nerve injury after inguinal laparoscopic procedures have been published. There is anatomical variation in the sensory innervation of the anterior thigh and variable branching patterns of the nerves involved. We report a retrospective analysis of our patients, focusing on the incidence of sensory changes on the

  17. Laparoscopic Treatment of Splenic Cysts

    PubMed Central

    2001-01-01

    Presented here is a case report of laparoscopic fenestration of a symptomatic, nonparasitic splenic cyst. Technical aspects of the procedure are discussed along with a review of the literature. The laparoscopic approach to splenic cysts offers many advantages over traditional open procedures and may be the treatment of choice for this rare clinical problem. PMID:11719977

  18. Laparoscopic radical prostatectomy: preliminary results

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. C Abbou; L Salomon; A Hoznek; P Antiphon; A Cicco; F Saint; W Alame; J Bellot; D. K Chopin

    2000-01-01

    Objectives. To evaluate our preliminary experience with laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. The indications for laparoscopy are currently being extended to complex oncologic procedures.Methods. Forty-three men underwent laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. We used five trocars. The surgical technique replicates the steps of traditional retropubic prostatectomy, except that the rectoprostatic cleavage plane is developed transperitoneally at the beginning of the procedure. In the first

  19. Comparative Cardiac Anatomy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alexander J. Hill; Paul A. Iaizzo

    Anatomy is one of the oldest branches of medicine, with historical records dating back at least as far as the 3rd century\\u000a bc; animal research dates back equally as far. Aristotle (384–322 bc) studied comparative animal anatomy and physiology, and Erasistratus of Ceos (304–258 bc) studied live animal anatomy and physiology (1). Galen of Pergamum (129–199 ad) is probably the

  20. Robotic-assisted laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

    PubMed

    Goh, P M Y; Lomanto, D; So, J B Y

    2002-01-01

    We report a case of laparoscopic cholecystectomy that was performed using a robotic surgical system. A 70-year-old woman underwent laparoscopic robotic cholecystectomy ZEUS, the robotic system used in our study, has three interactive robotic arms fixed to the side of the operating table. The arms are controlled by the surgeon, who sits at a remote computer console. The surgeon's movements can be scaled down, and tremor is filtered out. The robotic-assisted laparoscopic cholecystectomy was completed in 42 min. The time to set up the robot was 22 mins. All of the surgically reproducible robotic maneuvers were performed without any particular difficulty. The robotic movements were stable, accurate, and reliable, as well as easy to control with precision. Our preliminary experience indicates that robotic laparoscopic cholecystectomy is safe and can be as fast as conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy. However, further clinical applications of robotic surgery are needed to confirm this observation. PMID:11961647

  1. Implementation of a Robotic Surgical Program in Gynaecological Oncology and Comparison with Prior Laparoscopic Series

    PubMed Central

    Povolotskaya, Natalia; Woolas, Robert; Brinkmann, Dirk

    2015-01-01

    Background. Robotic surgery in gynaecological oncology is a rapidly developing field as it offers several technical advantages over conventional laparoscopy. An audit was performed on the outcome of robotic surgery during our learning curve and compared with recent well-established laparoscopic procedure data. Method. Following acquisition of the da Vinci Surgical System (Intuitive Surgical, Inc., Sunnyvale, California, USA), we prospectively analysed all cases performed over the first six months by one experienced gynaecologist who had been appropriately trained and mentored. Data on age, BMI, pathology, surgery type, blood loss, morbidity, return to theatre, hospital stay, and readmission rate were collected and compared with a consecutive series over the preceding 6 months performed laparoscopically by the same team. Results. A comparison of two consecutive series was made. The mean age was somewhat different, 55 years in the robotic versus 69 years in the laparoscopic group, but obesity was a feature of both groups with a mean of BMI 29.3 versus 28.06, respectively. This difference was not statistically significant (P = 0.54). Three subgroups of minimal access surgical procedures were performed: total hysterectomy and bilateral salpingooophorectomy (TH + BSO), total hysterectomy and bilateral salpingooophorectomy plus bilateral pelvic lymphadenectomy (TH + BSO + BPLND), and radical hysterectomy plus bilateral pelvic lymphadenectomy (RH + BPLND). The mean time taken to perform surgery for TH + BSO was longer in the robotic group, 151.2?min compared to 126.3?min in the laparoscopic group. TH + BSO + BPLND surgical time was similar to 178.3?min in robotic group and 176.5?min in laparoscopic group. RH + BPLND surgical time was similar, 263.6?min (robotic arm) and 264.0?min (laparoscopic arm). However, the numbers in this initial analysis were small especially in the last two subgroups and do not allow for statistical analysis. The rate of complications necessitating intervention (Clavien-Dindo classification grade 2/3) was higher in the robotic arm (22.7%) compared to the laparoscopic approach (4.5%). The readmission rate was higher in the robotic group (18.2%) compared to the laparoscopic group (4.5%). The return to theatre in the robotic group was 18.2% and 4.5% in laparoscopic group. Uncomplicated robotic surgery hospital stay appeared to be shorter, 1.3 days compared to the uncomplicated laparoscopic group, 2.5 days. There was no conversion to the open procedure in either arm. Estimated blood loss in all cases was less than 100?mL in both groups. Conclusion. Robotic surgery is comparable to laparoscopic surgery in blood loss; however, the hospital stay in uncomplicated cases appears to be longer in the laparoscopic arm. Surgical robotic time is equivalent to laparoscopic in complex cases but may be longer in cases not requiring lymph node dissection. The robotic surgery team learning curve may be associated with higher rate of morbidity. Further research on the benefits to the surgeon is needed to clarify the whole picture of this versatile novel surgical approach. PMID:25785195

  2. Chlamydophila abortus Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

    PubMed Central

    Meusburger, Herwig; Hotzel, Helmut; Oehme, Albrecht; Neunteufel, Walter; Dierich, Manfred P.; Würzner, Reinhard

    2003-01-01

    We report the first documented case of an extragestational infection with Chlamydophila abortus in humans. The pathogen was identified in a patient with severe pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) by sequence analysis of the ompA gene. Our findings raise the possibility that Chlamydiaceae other than Chlamydia trachomatis are involved in PID. PMID:14720414

  3. HUMAN GROSS ANATOMY ANTH 695

    E-print Network

    Auerbach, Benjamin M.

    1 HUMAN GROSS ANATOMY ANTH 695 THE UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE Instructor in Anatomy Lecture Series Fridays: 12:20 PM ­ 1:10 PM lectures: 33 ALUMNI MEMORIAL BUILDING Course description: Human Gross Anatomy

  4. Vaginal childbirth and pelvic floor disorders

    PubMed Central

    Memon, Hafsa U; Handa, Victoria L

    2013-01-01

    Childbirth is an important event in a woman’s life. Vaginal childbirth is the most common mode of delivery and it has been associated with increased incidence of pelvic floor disorders later in life. In this article, the authors review and summarize current literature associating pelvic floor disorders with vaginal childbirth. Stress urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse are strongly associated with vaginal childbirth and parity. The exact mechanism of injury associating vaginal delivery with pelvic floor disorders is not known, but is likely multifactorial, potentially including mechanical and neurovascular injury to the pelvic floor. Observational studies have identified certain obstetrical exposures as risk factors for pelvic floor disorders. These factors often coexist in clusters; hence, the isolated effect of these variables on the pelvic floor is difficult to study. PMID:23638782

  5. Laparoscopic intestinal injury: a review and case presentation.

    PubMed Central

    Ostrzenski, A.

    2001-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The incidence of laparoscopic primary trocar small-intestine injury is unknown. The case presented here differed from a typical clinical course in that only excessive periumbilical fluid leak was present postoperatively. Neither classic symptoms nor signs were present to justify laparoscopic trocar small-bowel perforations. CASE: A 42-year-old woman (G2 P1011, height 5'4", weight 132 lb) underwent elective, diagnostic, and operative laparoscopy with a lysis of extensive abdominal-pelvic adhesions for chronic pelvic pain. Preoperatively, the patient was classified as being at increased risk for intestinal laceration or perforation at the time of Veress needle or primary trocar insertion due to her surgical history. For this reason, mechanical bowel preparation with GoLYTELY was carried out. No intraoperative complications were noticed. After surgery, external, excessive fluid leak from the periumbilical incision only was observed (the three 5-mm incisions, in the lower part of the abdomen, were dry). Initially, this event was interpreted as residual irrigation fluid leakage. The patient was closely monitored for bowel injury, and neither medical condition nor laboratory tests changed from base within the initial 48 h, although excessive fluid drainage from periumbilical area was persistent. Enough time elapsed from laparoscopic surgery for CO2 and irrigation-fluid absorption; therefore, additional studies were ordered (an abdominal upright x-ray was inconclusive for viscous perforation and gastrointestinal x-ray with a water-soluble contrast medium documented small-intestine perforation). Exploratory laparotomy with partial bowel resection was executed. Postoperative clinical course was uneventful, and no long-term sequel was observed. CONCLUSIONS: 1) Persistent excessive external fluid leak from the periumbilical area after laparoscopic surgery with no drainage from other incisional sides may suggest small-bowel injury. 2) latrogenic, internal-external canalization between the small intestine and the skin masked clinical symptoms and signs of small-intestinal injury. 3) Lack of classic symptoms, signs, or changes in pertinent laboratory data did not rule out small-bowel perforation. Images Figure 1 PMID:11730117

  6. Computerized anatomy instruction.

    PubMed

    Meals, R A; Kabo, J M

    1986-07-01

    A self-paced gross anatomy teaching package is under development using computer-generated anatomic images controlled by branching instructional software on a personal computer. The package is designed to overcome several problems encountered in the traditional study of anatomy. The capabilities, strengths, and weaknesses of computer-assisted instruction are highlighted. PMID:3522034

  7. Pelvic architectural distortion is associated with pelvic organ prolapse

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Markus Huebner; Rebecca U. Margulies; John O. L. DeLancey

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this study was to determine whether there is an association between architectural distortion seen on magnetic resonance\\u000a (MR) scans (lateral “spill” of the vagina and posterior extension of the space of Retzius) and pelvic organ prolapse. Secondary\\u000a analysis of MR imaging scans from a case-control study of women with prolapse (maximum point ?+1cm; N = 144) and

  8. Comparison of minimally invasive surgical approaches for hysterectomy at a community hospital: robotic-assisted laparoscopic hysterectomy, laparoscopic-assisted vaginal hysterectomy and laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy.

    PubMed

    Giep, Bang N; Giep, Hoang N; Hubert, Helen B

    2010-09-01

    The study reported here compares outcomes of three approaches to minimally invasive hysterectomy for benign indications, namely, robotic-assisted laparoscopic (RALH), laparoscopic-assisted vaginal (LAVH) and laparoscopic supracervical (LSH) hysterectomy. The total patient cohort comprised the first 237 patients undergoing robotic surgeries at our hospital between August 2007 and June 2009; the last 100 patients undergoing LAVH by the same surgeons between July 2006 and February 2008 and 165 patients undergoing LAVHs performed by nine surgeons between January 2008 and June 2009; 87 patients undergoing LSH by the same nine surgeons between January 2008 and June 2009. Among the RALH patients were cases of greater complexity: (1) higher prevalence of prior abdominopelvic surgery than that found among LAVH patients; (2) an increased number of procedures for endometriosis and pelvic reconstruction. Uterine weights also were greater in RALH patients [207.4 vs. 149.6 (LAVH; P < 0.001) and 141.1 g (LSH; P = 0.005)]. Despite case complexity, operative time was significantly lower in RALH than in LAVH (89.9 vs. 124.8 min, P < 0.001) and similar to that in LSH (89.6 min). Estimated blood loss was greater in LAVH (167.9 ml) than in RALH (59.0 ml, P < 0.001) or LSH (65.7 ml, P < 0.001). Length of hospital stay was shorter for RALH than for LAVH or LSH. Conversion and complication rates were low and similar across procedures. Multivariable regression indicated that LAVH, obesity, uterine weight ?250 g and older age predicted significantly longer operative time. The learning curve for RALH demonstrated improved operative time over the case series. Our findings show the benefits of RALH over LAVH. Outcomes in RALH can be as good as or better than those in LSH, suggesting the latter should be the choice primarily for women desiring cervix-sparing surgery. PMID:20835393

  9. Anatomy comic strips.

    PubMed

    Park, Jin Seo; Kim, Dae Hyun; Chung, Min Suk

    2011-01-01

    Comics are powerful visual messages that convey immediate visceral meaning in ways that conventional texts often cannot. This article's authors created comic strips to teach anatomy more interestingly and effectively. Four-frame comic strips were conceptualized from a set of anatomy-related humorous stories gathered from the authors' collective imagination. The comics were drawn on paper and then recreated with digital graphics software. More than 500 comic strips have been drawn and labeled in Korean language, and some of them have been translated into English. All comic strips can be viewed on the Department of Anatomy homepage at the Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Republic of Korea. The comic strips were written and drawn by experienced anatomists, and responses from viewers have generally been favorable. These anatomy comic strips, designed to help students learn the complexities of anatomy in a straightforward and humorous way, are expected to be improved further by the authors and other interested anatomists. PMID:21634024

  10. Laparoscopic splenectomy for ITP

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. L. Friedman; M. J. Fallas; B. J. Carroll; J. R. Hiatt; E. H. Phillips

    1996-01-01

    Background: A comparison of safety, efficacy, and cost of laparoscopic splenectomy (LS) vs open splenectomy (OS) for idiopathic thrombocytopenic\\u000a purpura (ITP) was performed.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods: The records of 49 consecutive patients who underwent splenectomy for ITP (31 LS and 18 OS) at a large metropolitan teaching\\u000a hospital between 3\\/91 and 8\\/95 were reviewed. Morbidity, mortality, hospital stay, operative time, blood loss,

  11. Two anatomic resources of canine pelvic limb muscles based on CT and MRI.

    PubMed

    Sunico, Sarena K; Hamel, Corentin; Styner, Martin; Robertson, Ian D; Kornegay, Joe N; Bettini, Chris; Parks, Jerry; Wilber, Kathy; Smallwood, J Edgar; Thrall, Donald E

    2012-01-01

    Advances in magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and three-dimensional (3D) modeling software provide the tools necessary to create sophisticated, interactive anatomic resources that can assist in the interpretation of MR images of extremities, and learning the structure and function of limb musculature. Modeling provides advantages over dissection or consultation of print atlases because of the associated speed, flexibility, 3D nature, and elimination of superimposed arrows and labels. Our goals were to create a diagnostic atlas of pelvic limb muscles that will facilitate interpretation of MR images of patients with muscle injury and to create a 3D model of the canine pelvic limb musculature to facilitate anatomic learning. To create these resources, we used structural segmentation of MR images, a process that groups image pixels into anatomically meaningful regions. The Diagnostic Atlas is an interactive, multiplanar, web-based MR atlas of the canine pelvic limb musculature that was created by manually segmenting clinically analogous MR sequences. Higher resolution volumetric MR and computed tomography (CT) data were segmented into separately labeled volumes of data and then transformed into a multilayered 3D computer model. The 3D Model serves as a resource for students of gross anatomy, encouraging integrative learning with its highly interactive and selective display capabilities. For clinicians, the 3D Model also serves to bridge the gap between topographic and tomographic anatomy, displaying both formats alongside, or even superimposed over each other. Both projects are hosted on an open-access website, http://3dvetanatomy.ncsu.edu/ PMID:22360713

  12. Anatomy of autonomic nerve component in the male pelvis: the new concept from a perspective for robotic nerve sparing radical prostatectomy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Atsushi Takenaka; Robert A. Leung; Masato Fujisawa; Ashutosh K. Tewari

    2006-01-01

    The DaVinci Robot (Intuitive Surgical, Sunnyvale California) with its magnified 3-D vision and multi-jointed wristed instruments enabled us to perform radical prostatectomy with consideration for the pelvic anatomy. In the present paper, we review the pelvic autonomic neuroanatomy with respect to robotic prostatectomy and demonstrate the procedures and critical points of nerve-sparing robotic radical prostatectomy based on novel anatomic concepts.

  13. Bilateral otorrhagia: a rare complication of laparoscopic abdominopelvic surgery.

    PubMed

    Addison, Alfred Bentsi; Inarra, Esther; Watts, Simon

    2014-01-01

    An 80-year-old woman without any previous otological symptoms underwent laparoscopic abdominoperineal resection for T3N0M0 low rectal carcinoma 4-5 cm from the anal verge. The total operative time was 6 h, of which she spent long hours in the Trendelenburg (35°) position due to difficult pelvic dissection. Midway through the procedure, she developed spontaneous non-traumatic bilateral otorrhagia. This case highlights the potential risk of increased intracranial pressure during prolonged periods of being in a steep Trendelenburg position caused either by the position itself or in combination with carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum. We also consider the effect of a sudden change from this position to supine as a potential risk. PMID:25527683

  14. Laparoscopic intersphincteric resection and J-pouch reconstruction without laparotomy.

    PubMed

    Beppu, Naohito; Matsubara, Nagahide; Noda, Masashi; Kimura, Fumihiko; Yamanaka, Naoki; Yanagi, Hidenori; Tomita, Naohiro

    2015-05-01

    In some cases, a J-pouch is not created after laparoscopic intersphincteric resection (Lap-ISR), because this procedure usually does not involve laparotomy. This study aimed to develop a new technique for Lap-ISR and J-pouch reconstruction without laparotomy and to assess the short- and long-term outcomes of this technique. After a rectal specimen is excised using the transanal approach, the reconstructed intestine is reinserted into the intra-abdominal space. To create the J-shape, the reconstructed intestine is looped back using Allis forceps, and the septum of the J-shape is divided using a surgical stapler. We performed 20 surgeries using the new technique. Although three patients developed pelvic infections, no J-pouch-related complications were noted. Intestinal continuity could be maintained in all patients who received a diverting stoma. PMID:25208815

  15. Obesity and pelvic floor dysfunction.

    PubMed

    Ramalingam, Kalaivani; Monga, Ash

    2015-05-01

    Obesity is associated with a high prevalence of pelvic floor disorders. Patients with obesity present with a range of urinary, bowel and sexual dysfunction problems as well as uterovaginal prolapse. Urinary incontinence, faecal incontinence and sexual dysfunction are more prevalent in patients with obesity. Uterovaginal prolapse is also more common than in the non-obese population. Weight loss by surgical and non-surgical methods plays a major role in the improvement of these symptoms in such patients. The treatment of symptoms leads to an improvement in their quality of life. However, surgical treatment of these symptoms may be accompanied by an increased risk of complications in obese patients. A better understanding of the mechanism of obesity-associated pelvic floor dysfunction is essential. PMID:25805440

  16. LAPAROSCOPIC HEMINEPHROURETERECTOMY IN PEDIATRIC PATIENTS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gunter Janetschek; Jorg Seibold; Christian Radmayr; Georg Bartsch

    1997-01-01

    PurposeAn increasing number of operative procedures in pediatric urology can be performed by laparoscopy. We report our experience with laparoscopic heminephroureterectomy, which is a typical operation in pediatric patients.

  17. Laparoscopic treatment of perforated appendicitis

    PubMed Central

    Lin, Heng-Fu; Lai, Hong-Shiee; Lai, I-Rue

    2014-01-01

    The use of laparoscopy has been established in improving perioperative and postoperative outcomes for patients with simple appendicitis. Laparoscopic appendectomy is associated with less wound pain, less wound infection, a shorter hospital stay, and faster overall recovery when compared to the open appendectomy for uncomplicated cases. In the past two decades, the use of laparoscopy for the treatment of perforated appendicitis to take the advantages of minimally invasiveness has increased. This article reviewed the prevalence, approaches, safety disclaimers, perioperative and postoperative outcomes of the laparoscopic appendectomy in the treatment of patients with perforated appendicitis. Special issues including the conversion, interval appendectomy, laparoscopic approach for elderly or obese patient are also discussed to define the role of laparoscopic treatment for patients with perforated appendicitis. PMID:25339821

  18. Laparoscopic Gastric Banding: preliminary series

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Antonio Catona; Marcus Gossenberg; Antonella La Manna; Giovanni Mussini

    1993-01-01

    Gastric banding as a laparoscopic procedure was performed on 40 morbidly obese patients. This operation matches the advantages\\u000a of the gastric banding (efficacy, reversibility and low invasivity) with the advantages of the laparoscopic procedure (low\\u000a surgical risk, short hospital stay and less complications in the short and long term). The maximum follow-up is 6 months and\\u000a so far the weight

  19. Laparoscopic Surgery for Ulcerative Colitis

    PubMed Central

    Stocchi, Luca

    2010-01-01

    Laparoscopic techniques have become increasingly used in the treatment of ulcerative colitis: in experienced hands, they are safe and feasible. Recovery advantages have not been consistently demonstrated and functional results have been comparable to open surgery. Other possible benefits and costs issues have also been inconsistent. Further investigation on the role of laparoscopic surgery for ulcerative colitis with larger populations and longer follow-up with a focus on recovery parameters, quality of life, and costs are needed. PMID:22131895

  20. Rhabdomyolysis after Laparoscopic Bariatric Surgery

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Philippe Mognol; Stéphane Vignes; Denis Chosidow; Jean-Pierre Marmuse

    2004-01-01

    Background: Postoperative rhabdomyolysis is an uncommon event. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of rhabdomyolysis\\u000a following laparoscopic obesity surgery. Methods: Rhabdomyolysis was studied prospectively. Over a 6-month period, 66 consecutive\\u000a patients underwent bariatric surgery (gastric banding (n=50) and gastric bypass (n=16)). All patients underwent laparoscopic\\u000a procedures. A range of blood tests, including serum creatine phosphokinase (CPK)

  1. Laparoscopic repair of Morgagni hernia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. Durak; S. Gur; A. Cokmez; K. Atahan; E. Zahtz; E. Tarcan

    2007-01-01

    Background  Foramen of Morgagni hernias are rare diaphragmatic hernias. They account for 3–5% of all diaphragmatic hernias and the majority\\u000a of the cases are asymptomatic. They are caused by trauma, obesity or pregnancy. With the advancements of laparoscopic surgery,\\u000a laparoscopic repair has become an excellent alternative to open repair for Morgagni hernias. We report five cases of Morgagni\\u000a hernia repaired with

  2. Laparoscopic Placement of Cervical Cerclage

    PubMed Central

    Tusheva, Olga A; Cohen, Sarah L; McElrath, Thomas F; Einarsson, Jon I

    2012-01-01

    Cervical shortening is believed to be a marker for generalized intrauterine inflammation and has a strong association with spontaneous preterm birth. A variety of therapies, including vaginal and intramuscular progesterone, pessary, and cerclage, have been demonstrated to be effective in specific clinical circumstances. Cervical cerclage can be placed via transvaginal, open transabdominal, or laparoscopic transabdominal approach, preferably before pregnancy. A laparoscopic approach may be superior to the transabdominal approach in terms of surgical outcomes, cost, and postoperative morbidity. PMID:23483629

  3. Recognizing Myofascial Pelvic Pain in the Female Patient with Chronic Pelvic Pain

    PubMed Central

    Pastore, Elizabeth Anne; Katzman, Wendy B.

    2012-01-01

    Myofascial pelvic pain (MFPP) is a major component of chronic pelvic pain (CPP) and often is not properly identified by healthcare providers. The hallmark diagnostic indicator of MFPP is myofascial trigger points in the pelvic floor musculature that refer pain to adjacent sites. Effective treatments are available to reduce MFPP, including myofascial trigger point release, PMID:22862153

  4. The standardization of terminology of female pelvic organ prolapse and pelvic floor dysfunction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard C. Bump; Anders Mattiasson; Kari Bø; Linda P. Brubaker; John O. L. DeLancey; Peter Klarskov; Bob L. Shull; Anthony R. B. Smith

    1996-01-01

    This article presents a standard system of terminology recently approved by the International Continence Society, the American Urogynecologic Society, and the Society of Gynecologic Surgeons for the description of female pelvic organ prolapse and pelvic floor dysfunction. An objective site-specific system for describing, quantitating, and staging pelvic support in women is included. It has been developed to enhance both clinical

  5. Neurobiology & AnatomyNeurobiology & Anatomy Welcome and Introduction to the Neurobiology & Anatomy Department

    E-print Network

    Alvarado, Alejandro Sánchez

    Neurobiology & AnatomyNeurobiology & Anatomy Welcome and Introduction to the Neurobiology & Anatomy Department Hello, Welcome to the Neurobiology & Anatomy Department. Below you will find helpful information be found at the University of Utah Human Resources web site. Go to Human Resources Training and Development

  6. Robotic-assisted laparoscopic excision of gossypiboma simulating bladder wall mass after 35 years of appendectomy

    PubMed Central

    Rajih, Emad Sabri; Al-Khudair, Waleed Khalid; Al-Hussain, Turky; Al-Otaibi, Mohammed Faihan

    2014-01-01

    Gossypiboma or textiloma are terms commonly used to describe a retained sponge in the body that is composed of sponge invested within a layer of foreign body reaction in the form of an abscess or an aseptic fibrotic reaction. These cases are rarely reported despite an incidence of 1:1,000-1,500 of abdominal or pelvic surgery. We report a patient who presented with an incidental supravesical mass discovered upon work up for frequency and suprapubic pain. He had appendectomy 35 years ago. The mass was excised by robotic-assisted laparoscopic technique. The pathologic evaluation came as gossypiboma. PMID:24833833

  7. Robotic-assisted laparoscopic excision of gossypiboma simulating bladder wall mass after 35 years of appendectomy.

    PubMed

    Rajih, Emad Sabri; Al-Khudair, Waleed Khalid; Al-Hussain, Turky; Al-Otaibi, Mohammed Faihan

    2014-04-01

    Gossypiboma or textiloma are terms commonly used to describe a retained sponge in the body that is composed of sponge invested within a layer of foreign body reaction in the form of an abscess or an aseptic fibrotic reaction. These cases are rarely reported despite an incidence of 1:1,000-1,500 of abdominal or pelvic surgery. We report a patient who presented with an incidental supravesical mass discovered upon work up for frequency and suprapubic pain. He had appendectomy 35 years ago. The mass was excised by robotic-assisted laparoscopic technique. The pathologic evaluation came as gossypiboma. PMID:24833833

  8. Rectouterine fistula after laparoscopic ultrasound-guided radiofrequency ablation of a uterine fibroid

    PubMed Central

    Jeong, Hyo Joo; Kwon, Byung-Su; Choi, Young Joon

    2014-01-01

    In the conservative management of uterine fibroids is radiofrequency ablation (RFA) considered to be one of the safe, effective and minimal invasive approaches in selected women who desire to retain their uterus. Few studies were conducted on its adverse outcomes and most of the reported complications were minor events such as pain, discharge, adhesion which didn't require any intervention. However, although safe and effective, the RFA of a uterine myoma can be the cause for severe complications such as penetration and burn injuries of pelvic organs. In general, a rectouterine fistula is one of the rarest complications but can lead to serious adverse outcomes. Herein, to our knowledge, we report the first case involving a rectouterine fistula after laparoscopic ultrasound-guided RFA of a uterine myoma with pelvic endometriosis. In addition, we provide a brief review of the relevant literature. PMID:25469349

  9. [Complications of laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Free intraperitoneal calculi].

    PubMed

    Schroeyers, P; Mansvelt, B; Bertrand, C; de Neve de Roden, A

    1994-01-01

    With the use of laparoscopic cholecystectomy, increasing numbers of gallstones are being left in the peritoneal cavity. To our knowledge, the rarely cause complications. We present two cases with stone spillage after laparoscopic cholecystectomy, with a different outcome. PMID:7864541

  10. Utility of fluorescent cholangiography during laparoscopic cholecystectomy: A systematic review

    PubMed Central

    Pesce, Antonio; Piccolo, Gaetano; La Greca, Gaetano; Puleo, Stefano

    2015-01-01

    AIM: To verify the utility of fluorescent cholangiography for more rigorous identification of the extrahepatic biliary system. METHODS: MEDLINE and PubMed searches were performed using the key words “fluorescent cholangiography”, “fluorescent angiography”, “intraoperative fluorescent imaging”, and “laparoscopic cholecystectomy” in order to identify relevant articles published in English, French, German, and Italian during the years of 2009 to 2014. Reference lists from the articles were reviewed to identify additional pertinent articles. For studies published in languages other than those mentioned above, all available information was collected from their English abstracts. Retrieved manuscripts (case reports, reviews, and abstracts) concerning the application of fluorescent cholangiography were reviewed by the authors, and the data were extracted using a standardized collection tool. Data were subsequently analyzed with descriptive statistics. In contrast to classic meta-analyses, statistical analysis was performed where the outcome was calculated as the percentages of an event (without comparison) in pseudo-cohorts of observed patients. RESULTS: A total of 16 studies were found that involved fluorescent cholangiography during standard laparoscopic cholecystectomies (n = 11), single-incision robotic cholecystectomies (n = 3), multiport robotic cholecystectomy (n = 1), and single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (n = 1). Overall, these preliminary studies indicated that this novel technique was highly sensitive for the detection of important biliary anatomy and could facilitate the prevention of bile duct injuries. The structures effectively identified before dissection of Calot’s triangle included the cystic duct (CD), the common hepatic duct (CHD), the common bile duct (CBD), and the CD-CHD junction. A review of the literature revealed that the frequencies of detection of the extrahepatic biliary system ranged from 71.4% to 100% for the CD, 33.3% to 100% for the CHD, 50% to 100% for the CBD, and 25% to 100% for the CD-CHD junction. However, the frequency of visualization of the CD and the CBD were reduced in patients with a body mass index > 35 kg/m2 relative to those with a body mass index < 35 kg/m2 (91.0% and 64.0% vs 92.3% and 71.8%, respectively). CONCLUSION: Fluorescent cholangiography is a safe procedure enabling real-time visualization of bile duct anatomy and may become standard practice to prevent bile duct injury during laparoscopic cholecystectomy. PMID:26167088

  11. Anatomy of the Brain

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Financials Board of Directors Scientific Advisory Council & Reviewers Leadership News Careers Brain Tumor Information Brain Anatomy Brain Tumor Symptoms Diagnosis Types of Tumors Tumor Grade Risk Factors Brain Tumor ...

  12. Anatomy and Physiology Everyday

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Teresa Alvarez (St. Louis Community College Forest Park AHNS)

    2008-08-22

    Students use information from newspaper articles to write a paper or presentation on the correlation of information from the article and their understanding of it using knowledge gained in anatomy and physiology class.

  13. Vet Anatomy Lab 

    E-print Network

    Unknown

    2011-08-17

    in the careers of six notable Elizabethans. It deserves a place alongside its new historicist contenders as a rejoinder to be reckoned with. Peter Mitchell. ?The Purple Island? and Anatomy in Early Seventeenth- Century Literature, Philosophy, and Theology...-selected his intended audience, consisting exclusively of advanced graduate students and dedicated seventeenth- century scholars. He has written a book that makes a leisurely, albeit rigorous, case: ?The conceptual metaphors of anatomy and the analo- gies...

  14. Evidence-Based Anatomy

    PubMed Central

    Yammine, Kaissar

    2014-01-01

    Anatomy is a descriptive basic medical science that is no longer considered a research-led discipline. Many publications in clinical anatomy are prevalence studies treating clinically relevant anatomical variations and reporting their frequencies and/or associations with variables such as age, sex, side, laterality, and ancestry. This article discusses the need to make sense of the available literature. A new concept, evidence-based anatomy (EBA), is proposed to find, appraise, and synthetize the results reported in such publications. It consists in applying evidence-based principles to the field of epidemiological anatomy research through evidence synthesis using systematic reviews and meta-analyses to generate weighted pooled results. Pooled frequencies and associations based on large pooled sample size are likely to be more accurate and to reflect true population statistics and associations more closely. A checklist of a typical systematic review in anatomy is suggested and the implications of EBA for practice and future research, along with its scope, are discussed. The EBA approach would have positive implications for the future preservation of anatomy as a keystone basic science, for sound knowledge of anatomical variants, and for the safety of medical practice. Clin. Anat. 27:847–852, 2014. PMID:24797314

  15. Laparoscopic pyloromyotomy for infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. L. Tan; A. Najmaldin

    1993-01-01

    Although great advances in laparoscopic techniques have been made in the field of adult surgery, its application in infants and young children has been limited. We present a technique of laparoscopic pyloromyotomy that has been successfully used in two babies, employing specially made instruments. Laparoscopic surgery deserves further consideration in this age group.

  16. Application of Augmented Reality to Laparoscopic Surgery

    E-print Network

    Whitton, Mary C.

    Application of Augmented Reality to Laparoscopic Surgery by Jeremy D. Ackerman A Dissertation to Laparoscopic Surgery. (Under the direction of Henry Fuchs, Ph. D..) ABSTRACT The usefulness and feasibility of an augmented reality visualization system for laparoscopic surgery is examined. This technology could enable

  17. Laparoscopic adrenalectomy—indications and technique

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Geeta Lal; Quan-Yang Duh

    2003-01-01

    Laparoscopic adrenalectomy has become the procedure of choice for the surgical management of most adrenal tumors, including functional and non-functional lesions. The role of laparoscopic adrenalectomy in the management of malignant adrenal tumors is controversial and most adrenocortical cancers are generally treated by open adrenalectomy. Laparoscopic adrenalectomy can be performed by both the anterior or lateral trans-abdominal approach and by

  18. Uterus preservation in pelvic organ prolapse surgery

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Massimo Lazzeri; Massimo Porena; Luigi Mearini; Elisabetta Costantini; Alessandro Zucchi

    2010-01-01

    Attitudes to sexuality and the psychological value of reproductive organs have changed in Western countries over the last few decades. Nevertheless, repair of pelvic support defects with concomitant hysterectomy is still considered the standard treatment for pelvic organ prolapse. Over the last 10 years, however, interest has been growing in uterus-sparing surgery, which can be divided into vaginal, abdominal, and

  19. Goldfish external anatomy

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    N/A N/A (U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; )

    2005-05-12

    Goldfish live in the water. They use their gills to breathe. Goldfish swim in water to move around. This goldfish has pectoral fins, pelvic fins, anal fins, and dorsal fins that it uses to swim. The tail is used to steer the goldfish wherever it is going.

  20. Pelvic MRI in children with Crohn disease and suspected perianal involvement.

    PubMed

    Essary, Brendan; Kim, John; Anupindi, Sudha; Katz, J Aubrey; Nimkin, Katie

    2007-02-01

    MRI is an important imaging tool in evaluation of adult and pediatric patients with Crohn disease. Pelvic MRI, in particular, has become the method of choice to evaluate for perianal fistulas and associated complications of Crohn disease. MRI can define the extent and location of perianal fistulas and abscesses, as well as provide critical information for operative management. In this pictorial essay, we describe useful MRI techniques for evaluation of perianal complications in pediatric patients with Crohn disease. We review pertinent anatomy and illustrate typical examples of perianal fistulas with and without abscess. We show one case of clinically suspected perianal fistula that was actually a pilonidal sinus. PMID:17180366

  1. Pelvic floor muscle rehabilitation using biofeedback.

    PubMed

    Newman, Diane K

    2014-01-01

    Pelvic floor muscle exercises have been recommended for urinary incontinence since first described by obstetrician gynecologist Dr. Arnold Kegel more than six decades ago. These exercises are performed to strengthen pelvic floor muscles, provide urethral support to prevent urine leakage, and suppress urgency. In clinical urology practice, expert clinicians also teach patients how to relax the muscle to improve bladder emptying and relieve pelvic pain caused by muscle spasm. When treating lower urinary tract symptoms, an exercise training program combined with biofeedback therapy has been recommended as first-line treatment. This article provides clinical application of pelvic floor muscle rehabilitation using biofeedback as a technique to enhance pelvic floor muscle training. PMID:25233622

  2. Error analysis in laparoscopic surgery

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gantert, Walter A.; Tendick, Frank; Bhoyrul, Sunil; Tyrrell, Dana; Fujino, Yukio; Rangel, Shawn; Patti, Marco G.; Way, Lawrence W.

    1998-06-01

    Iatrogenic complications in laparoscopic surgery, as in any field, stem from human error. In recent years, cognitive psychologists have developed theories for understanding and analyzing human error, and the application of these principles has decreased error rates in the aviation and nuclear power industries. The purpose of this study was to apply error analysis to laparoscopic surgery and evaluate its potential for preventing complications. Our approach is based on James Reason's framework using a classification of errors according to three performance levels: at the skill- based performance level, slips are caused by attention failures, and lapses result form memory failures. Rule-based mistakes constitute the second level. Knowledge-based mistakes occur at the highest performance level and are caused by shortcomings in conscious processing. These errors committed by the performer 'at the sharp end' occur in typical situations which often times are brought about by already built-in latent system failures. We present a series of case studies in laparoscopic surgery in which errors are classified and the influence of intrinsic failures and extrinsic system flaws are evaluated. Most serious technical errors in lap surgery stem from a rule-based or knowledge- based mistake triggered by cognitive underspecification due to incomplete or illusory visual input information. Error analysis in laparoscopic surgery should be able to improve human performance, and it should detect and help eliminate system flaws. Complication rates in laparoscopic surgery due to technical errors can thus be considerably reduced.

  3. Development of virtual environments for training skills and reducing errors in laparoscopic surgery

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tendick, Frank; Downes, Michael S.; Cavusoglu, Murat C.; Gantert, Walter A.; Way, Lawrence W.

    1998-06-01

    In every surgical procedure there are key steps and skills that, if performed incorrectly, can lead to complications. In conjunction with efforts, based on task and error analysis, in the Videoscopic Training Center at UCSF to identify these key elements in laparoscopic surgical procedures, the authors are developing virtual environments and modeling methods to train the elements. Laparoscopic surgery is particularly demanding of the surgeon's spatial skills, requiring the ability to create 3D mental models and plans while viewing a 2D image. For example, operating a laparoscope with the objective lens angled from the scope axis is a skill that some surgeons have difficulty mastering, even after using the instrument in many procedures. Virtual environments are a promising medium for teaching spatial skills. A kinematically accurate model of an angled laparoscope in an environment of simple targets is being tested in courses for novice and experienced surgeons. Errors in surgery are often due to a misinterpretation of local anatomy compounded with inadequate procedural knowledge. Methods to avoid bile duct injuries in cholecystectomy are being integrated into a deformable environment consisting of the liver, gallbladder, and biliary tree. Novel deformable tissue modeling algorithms based on finite element methods will be used to improve the response of the anatomical models.

  4. Laparoscopic cryptorchidectomy in standing bulls.

    PubMed

    Kaneko, Yasuyuki; Torisu, Shidow; Kitahara, Go; Hidaka, Yuichi; Satoh, Hiroyuki; Asanuma, Taketoshi; Mizutani, Shinya; Osawa, Takeshi; Naganobu, Kiyokazu

    2015-06-01

    Laparoscopic cryptorchidectomy without insufflation was applied in 10 standing bulls aged 3 to 15 months. Nine bulls were preoperatively pointed out intra-abdominal testes by computed tomography. Preoperative fasting for a minimum of 24 hr provided laparoscopic visualization of intra-abdominal area from the kidney to the inguinal region. Surgical procedure was interrupted by intra-abdominal fat and testis size. It took 0.6 to 1.5 hr in 4 animals weighing 98 to 139 kg, 0.8 to 2.8 hr in 4 animals weighing 170 to 187 kg, and 3 and 4 hr in 2 animals weighing 244 and 300 kg to complete the cryptorchidectomy. In conclusion, standing gasless laparoscopic cryptorchidectomy seems to be most suitable for bulls weighing from 100 to 180 kg. PMID:25715955

  5. Laparoscopic cryptorchidectomy in standing bulls

    PubMed Central

    KANEKO, Yasuyuki; TORISU, Shidow; KITAHARA, Go; HIDAKA, Yuichi; SATOH, Hiroyuki; ASANUMA, Taketoshi; MIZUTANI, Shinya; OSAWA, Takeshi; NAGANOBU, Kiyokazu

    2015-01-01

    Laparoscopic cryptorchidectomy without insufflation was applied in 10 standing bulls aged 3 to 15 months. Nine bulls were preoperatively pointed out intra-abdominal testes by computed tomography. Preoperative fasting for a minimum of 24 hr provided laparoscopic visualization of intra-abdominal area from the kidney to the inguinal region. Surgical procedure was interrupted by intra-abdominal fat and testis size. It took 0.6 to 1.5 hr in 4 animals weighing 98 to 139 kg, 0.8 to 2.8 hr in 4 animals weighing 170 to 187 kg, and 3 and 4 hr in 2 animals weighing 244 and 300 kg to complete the cryptorchidectomy. In conclusion, standing gasless laparoscopic cryptorchidectomy seems to be most suitable for bulls weighing from 100 to 180 kg. PMID:25715955

  6. Laparoscopic live-donor nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Gill, I S; Carbone, J M; Clayman, R V; Fadden, P A; Stone, M A; Lucas, B A; McRoberts, J W

    1994-04-01

    Laparoscopic nephrectomy with ablative intent has been performed clinically. The current study aimed to determine whether a physiologically and anatomically intact kidney suitable for transplantation could be harvested laparoscopically. Three weeks after an ablative laparoscopic right nephrectomy, 15 pigs were divided into two groups: the study group (n = 10) underwent a laparoscopic live-donor left nephrectomy of the solitary kidney and conventional autotransplantation; the control group (n = 5) underwent an open live-donor left nephrectomy of the solitary kidney and conventional autotransplantation. All study kidneys underwent laparoscopic in situ hypothermic perfusion. The mean length of the left renal artery and vein were similar in the study and control groups: 3.1 cm and 3.4 cm, respectively, in the study group compared with 2.5 cm and 3.8 cm, respectively, in the control group (P = 0.5). No intraoperative renal vascular injuries or postoperative ureteral complications were noted in either group. Renal histopathologic examination immediately after live-donor nephrectomy and at 1 month post-transplant showed similar findings in the two groups. The mean serum creatinine at 7 and 30 days postoperatively was not significantly different: 2.1 mg/dL and 1.6 mg/dL, respectively, in the study group and 1.7 mg/dL, and 1.4 mg/dL, respectively, in the control group (P = 0.4). We conclude that laparoscopic live-donor nephrectomy can be performed safely and reproducibly in the porcine model. PMID:8061673

  7. Evaluation of acute pelvic pain in women.

    PubMed

    Kruszka, Paul S; Kruszka, Stephen J

    2010-07-15

    Diagnosis of pelvic pain in women can be challenging because many symptoms and signs are insensitive and nonspecific. As the first priority, urgent life-threatening conditions (e.g., ectopic pregnancy, appendicitis, ruptured ovarian cyst) and fertility-threatening conditions (e.g., pelvic inflammatory disease, ovarian torsion) must be considered. A careful history focusing on pain characteristics, review of systems, and gynecologic, sexual, and social history, in addition to physical examination helps narrow the differential diagnosis. The most common urgent causes of pelvic pain are pelvic inflammatory disease, ruptured ovarian cyst, and appendicitis; however, many other diagnoses in the differential may mimic these conditions, and imaging is often needed. Transvaginal ultrasonography should be the initial imaging test because of its sensitivities across most etiologies and its lack of radiation exposure. A high index of suspicion should be maintained for pelvic inflammatory disease when other etiologies are ruled out, because the presentation is variable and the prevalence is high. Multiple studies have shown that 20 to 50 percent of women presenting with pelvic pain have pelvic inflammatory disease. Adolescents and pregnant and postpartum women require unique considerations. PMID:20642266

  8. Laparoscopic management of colorectal endometriosis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    B. L. Jerby; H. Kessler; T. Falcone; J. W. Milsom

    1999-01-01

    Background: In the past, intestinal endometriosis diagnosed at laparoscopy has generally required conversion to conventional surgery.\\u000a The purpose of this study was to describe the laparoscopic management of colorectal endometriosis at a tertiary referral center.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods: From November 1994 to March 1998, 509 consecutive patients with endometriosis requiring laparoscopic intervention were prospectively\\u000a evaluated. Those with colorectal involvement were analyzed for

  9. Laparoscopic colposuspension using mesh reinforcement

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. A. Birken; P. L. Leggett

    1997-01-01

    Background: For patients with stress urinary incontinence, surgical reestablishment of the bladder neck has proved amenable to a laparoscopic\\u000a approach, which shortens hospitalization and reduces tissue trauma. The use of mesh reinforcement to improve the durability\\u000a of colposuspension can refine this proven procedure even further.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods: We performed laparoscopic Burch colposuspension on 54 patients with stress urinary incontinence and compared

  10. Laparoscopic Splenectomy in Blunt Trauma

    PubMed Central

    Dissanaike, Sharmila

    2006-01-01

    We describe the first reported use of laparoscopic splenectomy as initial treatment in high-grade blunt splenic trauma. A 21-year-old man sustained a blow to the left flank from a large construction pipe and was transferred to our hospital with a grade V splenic laceration and a grade II left peri-renal hematoma with hematuria. He was hemodynamically stable. He underwent a laparoscopic splenectomy shortly after arrival. The patient's renal injury was managed nonoperatively, and he was discharged home with no complications and has remained well. PMID:17575766

  11. [Peritoneum and laparoscopic environment].

    PubMed

    Canis, Michel; Matsuzaki, Sachiko; Bourdel, Nicolas; Jardon, Kris; Cotte, Benjamin; Botchorishvili, Revaz; Rabischong, Benoit; Mage, Gérard

    2007-12-01

    Laparoscopic surgery takes place in a closed environment, the peritoneal cavity distended by the pneumoperitoneum whose parameters, such as pressure, composition, humidity and temperature of the gas, may be changed and adapted to influence the intra and postoperative surgical processes. Such changes were impossible in the "open" environment. This review includes recent data on peritoneal physiology, which are relevant for surgeons, and on the effects of the pneumoperitoneum on the peritoneal membrane. The ability to work in a new surgical environment, which may be adapted to each situation, opens a new era in endoscopic surgery. Using nebulizers, the pneumoperitoneum may become a new way to administer intraoperative treatments. Most of the current data on the consequences of the pneumoperitoneum were obtained using poor animal models so that it remains difficult to estimate the progresses, which will be brought to the operative theater by this new concept. However this revolution will likely be used by thoracic or cardiac surgeon who are also working in a serosa. This approach may even appear essential to all the surgeons who are using endoscopy in a retroperitoneal space such as urologists or endocrine surgeons. PMID:18156111

  12. Laparoscopic telesurgical workstation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cavusoglu, Murat C.; Cohn, Michael B.; Tendick, Frank; Sastry, S. Shankar

    1998-06-01

    Robotic telesurgery is a promising application of robotics to medicine, aiming to enhance the dexterity and sensation of minimally invasive surgery through millimeter-scale manipulators under control of the surgeon. With appropriate communication links, it would also be possible to perform remote surgery for care in rural areas where specialty care is unavailable, or to provide emergency care en route to a hospital. The UC Berkeley/Endorobotics/UCSF Telesurgical Workstation is a master-slave telerobotic system, with two 6 degree of freedom (DOF) robotic manipulators, designed for laparoscopic surgery. The slave robotic has a 2 DOF wrist inside the body to allow high dexterity manipulation in addition to the 4 DOF of motion possible through the entry port, which are actuated by an external gross motion platform. The kinematics and the controller of the system are designed to accommodate the force and movement requirements of complex tasks, including suturing and knot tying. The system has force feedback in 4 axes to improve the sensation of telesurgery. In this paper, the telesurgical system will be introduced with discussion of kinematic and control issues and presentation of in vitro test results.

  13. The Drosophila anatomy ontology

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Anatomy ontologies are query-able classifications of anatomical structures. They provide a widely-used means for standardising the annotation of phenotypes and expression in both human-readable and programmatically accessible forms. They are also frequently used to group annotations in biologically meaningful ways. Accurate annotation requires clear textual definitions for terms, ideally accompanied by images. Accurate grouping and fruitful programmatic usage requires high-quality formal definitions that can be used to automate classification and check for errors. The Drosophila anatomy ontology (DAO) consists of over 8000 classes with broad coverage of Drosophila anatomy. It has been used extensively for annotation by a range of resources, but until recently it was poorly formalised and had few textual definitions. Results We have transformed the DAO into an ontology rich in formal and textual definitions in which the majority of classifications are automated and extensive error checking ensures quality. Here we present an overview of the content of the DAO, the patterns used in its formalisation, and the various uses it has been put to. Conclusions As a result of the work described here, the DAO provides a high-quality, queryable reference for the wild-type anatomy of Drosophila melanogaster and a set of terms to annotate data related to that anatomy. Extensive, well referenced textual definitions make it both a reliable and useful reference and ensure accurate use in annotation. Wide use of formal axioms allows a large proportion of classification to be automated and the use of consistency checking to eliminate errors. This increased formalisation has resulted in significant improvements to the completeness and accuracy of classification. The broad use of both formal and informal definitions make further development of the ontology sustainable and scalable. The patterns of formalisation used in the DAO are likely to be useful to developers of other anatomy ontologies. PMID:24139062

  14. DEPARTMENT OF ANATOMY AND NEUROBIOLOGY

    E-print Network

    Quirk, Gregory J.

    CREDIT-HOURS: 32 (33) First Year: 21 Credit-Hours ANAT 8501 Human Gross Anatomy 8 ANAT 8503 Human Embryology 2 ANAT 8504 Human Cell Biology and Microscopic Anatomy 4 ANAT 8505 Human Neuroanatomy WITH SPECIALTY IN ANATOMY (Ph.D.) TOTAL CREDIT-HOURS: 63 (65) First Year: 21 Credit-Hours ANAT 8501 Human Gross

  15. Pelvic Floor Muscle Training in Prevention and Treatment of Pelvic Organ Prolapse

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kari Bø; Ingeborg Hoff Brækken

    \\u000a This chapter describes the four randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published on the effect of pelvic floor muscle training\\u000a (PFMT) to treat pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and symptoms of prolapse. The results of all four trials show a significant effect\\u000a of PFMT. However, to date there is only one full-scale RCT using the gold standard Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification (POP-Q)\\u000a system

  16. Effect of Two Laparoscopic Techniques for Treatment of Ovarian Endometrioma on Ovarian Reserve

    PubMed Central

    Georgievska, Jadranka; Sapunov, Slavejko; Cekovska, Svetlana; Vasilevska, Kristin

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Operative laparoscopy is the most common used technique for treatment of patients with ovarian endometriomas, because of many positive effects in comparison with laparotomy. There are many laparoscopic techniques, but most used are cystectomy and puncture with endocoagulation (ablation) of the cyst’s capsule. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of two laparoscopic techniques for treatment of ovarian endometriomas on ovarian reserve. We used two ultrasonographic markers for ovarian reserve: ovarian volume and antral follicle count (AFC). Materials and Methods: Sixty patients in reproductive age (18-42 years) were treated for a chronic pelvic pain or infertility in a tertiary hospital (University Clinic for Gynecology and Obstetrics in Skopje, R. Macedonia). The study was prospective and two laparoscopic techniques were used. All patients were with confirmed ultrasound diagnosis for ovarian endometriomas with diameter between 3 and 8 cm. Complete cystectomy was done in 30 patients (group A) and puncture with endocoagulation was done in other 30 patients (group B). Ovarian reserve was analyzed before surgery and was controlled one and three months after laparoscopic surgery. Results: In group A (operated with cystectomy) ovarian volume was 53.46±29.97 cm³ before surgery, which fell to 13.06±7.34 cm³ after one month, and 13.28±7.17 cm³ after three months. Statistical analysis showed a significant reduction in ovarian volume one and three months after surgery (p?0.01). In group B (operated with puncture and endocoagulation) the ovarian volume was 58.34±37.99 cm³ before surgery, which fell to 18.96±7.90 cm³ one month and 17.38±6.86 cm³ three months after surgery. In both groups there was a significant reduction in ovarian volume one and three months postoperatively (p?0.01). In the first group AFC was 3.03±1.27 before surgery, 4.8±1.30 one month after surgery and 6.23±1.57 after three months. Statistical analysis showed a significant increase in AFC after laparoscopic cystectomy (p?0.01). In the second group AFC was 3.07±1.05 before surgery, 5.33±1.60 after one month and 7.0±1.62 after three months. The comparison of AFC showed high statistically significant difference (p?0.001), e.g. increase of AFC after one and three months in comparison with AFC before surgery. Conclusions: Ovarian reserve decreases after laparoscopic surgery using both laparoscopic techniques. But, this decrease was more frequent using cystectomy in comparison with ablation of the endometriotic cyst. PMID:26005255

  17. Department of Anatomy & Neurobiology

    E-print Network

    Gereau, Robert W. IV

    Department of Anatomy & Neurobiology Department of Anesthesiology Department of Biology Department for Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology McDonnell Center for Systems Neuroscience Washington University PainTexas, Southwestern) Friday October 4, 2013 John Wood, PhD Professor of Molecular Neurobiology Head, Molecular

  18. Anatomy for Biomedical Engineers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carmichael, Stephen W.; Robb, Richard A.

    2008-01-01

    There is a perceived need for anatomy instruction for graduate students enrolled in a biomedical engineering program. This appeared especially important for students interested in and using medical images. These students typically did not have a strong background in biology. The authors arranged for students to dissect regions of the body that…

  19. Illustrated Speech Anatomy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shearer, William M.

    Written for students in the fields of speech correction and audiology, the text deals with the following: structures involved in respiration; the skeleton and the processes of inhalation and exhalation; phonation and pitch, the larynx, and esophageal speech; muscles involved in articulation; muscles involved in resonance; and the anatomy of the…

  20. Philosophical anatomy revisited

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. C. Masquelet

    1997-01-01

    Philosophical or transcendental anatomy was a corner stone in the different visions of science which developed in the first half of the XIXth century. It is linked to a fundamental division in biologic sciences: whether animal structure should be explained by reference to function or by morphologic laws. In France, the scientific rivalry of Cuvier and Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire exemplified these

  1. Anatomy of the Honeybee

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Postiglione, Ralph

    1977-01-01

    In this insect morphology exercise, students study the external anatomy of the worker honeybee. The structures listed and illustrated are discussed in relation to their functions. A goal of the exercise is to establish the bee as a well-adapted, social insect. (MA)

  2. External Anatomy Lab

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    0000-00-00

    Interactive grasshopper anatomy lessons. Mouthparts, legs, abdomen, various sutures are all featured, as well as well as more general discussions about the types of insect antennae,wings, legs, and mouthparts. An excellent flash demonstration of mouthpart modifications is also featured.

  3. Clinical Topographic Anatomy

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2010-01-01

    This website created by faculty at the University of Zurich and University of Australia provides mini-lectures on regional anatomy. The lectures are broken up by the head, neck & trunk, upper limb, lower Limb, thorax, abdomen, and pelvis. Quizzes for each region are also available.

  4. Entrapment neuropathy in laparoscopic herniorrhaphy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. S. Seid; E. Amos

    1994-01-01

    In laparoscopic hernia repairs, the staples used to affix prosthetic mesh have resulted in entrapment neuropathies. This paper describes the diagnosis and treatment of nine cases of entrapment neuropathy. Injuries to all the branches of the lumbar plexus, with the exception of the obdurator nerve, have been treated. Generally, the entrapments are self-limiting, but chronic disability requiring surgical intervention can

  5. Robotic-assisted laparoscopic adrenalectomy.

    PubMed

    Wu, Jungle C H; Wu, Hurng-Sheng; Lin, Mao-Sheng; Huang, Min-Ho

    2005-10-01

    Robotic surgical systems have recently been used to perform laparoscopic procedures in several diseases. We report the initial 2 cases of robotic-assisted laparoscopic adrenalectomy from Taiwan. Both cases were performed transperitoneally using the ZEUS surgical system (Intuitive Surgical Inc., Mountain View, CA, USA). This system consists of 3 interactive robotic arms and a remote control unit, allowing the surgeon to control the 2 instrument arms and 1 camera arm via a surgical console. The key component of the ZEUS surgical system is the MicroWrist (Computer Motion Inc., CA, USA) technology, which allows the surgeon to roll, pitch and grip laparoscopic tools freely and provides the surgeon with a 3-dimensional view of the operative field. Postoperative courses were uneventful and the patients were discharged on the third and fourth postoperative days, respectively. No intraoperative or postoperative complications were encountered. These cases suggest that robotic-assisted laparoscopic adrenalectomy is technically feasible, and that the role of robotic surgery in urologic laparoscopy is likely to expand in Taiwan. PMID:16385378

  6. [Technical principles of laparoscopic cholecystectomy].

    PubMed

    Kurdo, S A; Ga?dukov, V N

    1995-01-01

    The technical principles of laparoscopic cholecystectomy are described from experience in 87 operations in acute and chronic appendicitis. The authors discuss the stages of the operation and the peculiarities of the technical procedures at each stage, and give recommendations on the use of the instruments and indications for abdominal drainage. PMID:7474695

  7. Spleen removal - laparoscopic - adults - discharge

    MedlinePLUS

    Your spleen was removed after you were given general anesthesia (asleep and pain-free). The surgeon made 3 to ... Recovering from laparoscopic spleen removal usually takes about 1 to 3 weeks. You may have some of these symptoms as you recover: Pain ...

  8. Laparoscopic management of bile duct and bowel injury during laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A.-Hon Kwon; Hiroyuki Inui; Yasuo Kamiyama

    2001-01-01

    Accidentai injuries to the bile duct and bowel are significant risks of laparoscopic surgery and sometimes require conversion\\u000a to open surgery. Although some of the injuries related to laparoscopic cholecystectomy can be managed by endoscopic techniques,\\u000a laparoscopic surgery is not yet sufficiently perfected. We investigated the efficacy of laparoscopic management combined with\\u000a endoscopic tube or stent insertion in cases of

  9. Laparoscopic resection of giant liver hemangioma using laparoscopic Habib probe for parenchymal transection

    PubMed Central

    Gadiyaram, Srikanth; Shetty, Neel

    2012-01-01

    Experience with laparoscopic liver resections is limited. Laparoscopic resection of a variety of liver lesions has been reported and is considered appropriate for lesions in the left lateral segment and inferior segments of the right lobe. Herein, we report a 52-year-old male patient who underwent a laparoscopic resection of giant liver hemangioma with the use of a laparoscopic 4× Habib probe. PMID:22623829

  10. [Hedrocele, an unknown pelvic organ prolapse].

    PubMed

    Parsy, C; Cosson, M; Quinton, J-F; Laurent, N; Lucot, J-P; Tempremant, F; Poncelet, E

    2015-06-01

    Pelvic floor disorders are frequent and source of symptoms which can be invalidating for patients. Between them, hedrocele is a pathology often unknown and clinically difficult to diagnose. It is a herniation of fat pad, small bowel or sigmoid colon in the recto-uterine pouch (cul-de-sac of Douglas) exercising a mass effect on the anterior wall of the rectum. Pelvic magnetic resonance imaging with morphological sequences and dynamic sequences in thrust can be very useful, allowing a comprehensive study of pelvic floor dysfunction and confirming the complete diagnosis, especially before surgery. We suggest you some examples to illustrate this pathology in order to emphasize the importance of its diagnosis, especially preoperative. A better understanding of this pelvic floor dysfunction would improve the care of patients. PMID:26004024

  11. Evaluation of pelvic wedge for gynaecological laparoscopy.

    PubMed

    Kundra, P; Kanna, V; Bupathi, A; Sudeep, K

    2008-10-01

    Seventy-eight ASA 1 and 2 women scheduled for elective diagnostic laparoscopy under general anaesthesia were randomly allocated into two groups. Patients were either positioned with a 20 degrees Trendelenberg tilt (group T) or with a wedge placed under the pelvis (group W). A standard general anaesthetic technique was used in all patients. The endoscopic view of pelvic organs was graded on a four-point scale by the operating surgeon. Heart rate (HR), mean arterial pressure (MAP), S(p)O(2), and peak airway pressure (Paw) were continuously measured. Significantly more patients (77%) in group W had grade 1 view (clear view of pelvic organs without additional manoeuvres) when compared with group T (46%). Mean Paw increased significantly in group T when compared with group W. The use of a pelvic wedge provides a better view of pelvic viscera than 20 degrees Trendelenberg tilt during gynaecological laparoscopy. PMID:18821888

  12. Anesthetic implications of laparoscopic surgery.

    PubMed Central

    Cunningham, A. J.

    1998-01-01

    Minimally invasive therapy aims to minimize the trauma of any interventional process but still achieve a satisfactory therapeutic result. The development of "critical pathways," rapid mobilization and early feeding have contributed towards the goal of shorter hospital stay. This concept has been extended to include laparoscopic cholecystectomy and hernia repair. Reports have been published confirming the safety of same day discharge for the majority of patients. However, we would caution against overenthusiastic ambulatory laparoscopic cholecystectomy on the rational but unproven assumption that early discharge will lead to occasional delays in diagnosis and management of postoperative complications. Intraoperative complications of laparoscopic surgery are mostly due to traumatic injuries sustained during blind trocar insertion and physiologic changes associated with patient positioning and pneumoperitoneum creation. General anesthesia and controlled ventilation comprise the accepted anesthetic technique to reduce the increase in PaCO2. Investigators have recently documented the cardiorespiratory compromise associated with upper abdominal laparoscopic surgery, and particular emphasis is placed on careful perioperative monitoring of ASA III-IV patients during insufflation. Setting limits on the inflationary pressure is advised in these patients. Anesthesiologists must maintain a high index of suspicion for complications such as gas embolism, extraperitoneal insufflation and surgical emphysema, pneumothorax and pneumomediastinum. Postoperative nausea and vomiting are among the most common and distressing symptoms after laparoscopic surgery. A highly potent and selective 5-HT3 receptor antagonist, ondansetron, has proven to be an effective oral and IV prophylaxis against postoperative emesis in preliminary studies. Opioids remain an important component of the anesthesia technique, although the introduction of newer potent NSAIDs may diminish their use. A preoperative multimodal analgesic regimen involving skin infiltration with local anesthesia. NSAIDs to attenuate peripheral pain and opioids for central pain may reduce postoperative discomfort and expedite patient recovery/discharge. There is no conclusive evidence to demonstrate clinically significant effects of nitrous oxide on surgical conditions during laparoscopic cholecystectomy or on the incidence of postoperative emesis. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has proven to be a major advance in the treatment of patients with symptomatic gallbladder disease. PMID:10604786

  13. Pelvic floor and sexual male dysfunction.

    PubMed

    Pischedda, Antonella; Fusco, Ferdinando; Curreli, Andrea; Grimaldi, Giovanni; Pirozzi Farina, Furio

    2013-03-01

    The pelvic floor is a complex multifunctional structure that corresponds to the genito-urinary-anal area and consists of muscle and connective tissue. It supports the urinary, fecal, sexual and reproductive functions and pelvic statics. The symptoms caused by pelvic floor dysfunction often affect the quality of life of those who are afflicted, worsening significantly more aspects of daily life. In fact, in addition to providing support to the pelvic organs, the deep floor muscles support urinary continence and intestinal emptying whereas the superficial floor muscles are involved in the mechanism of erection and ejaculation. So, conditions of muscle hypotonia or hypertonicity may affect the efficiency of the pelvic floor, altering both the functionality of the deep and superficial floor muscles. In this evolution of knowledge it is possible imagine how the rehabilitation techniques of pelvic floor muscles, if altered and able to support a voiding or evacuative or sexual dysfunction, may have a role in improving the health and the quality of life. PMID:23695397

  14. Chronic pelvic pain in the adolescent.

    PubMed

    Hicks, Caitlin W; Rome, Ellen S

    2012-01-01

    Chronic pelvic pain occurs commonly in the adolescent and can be a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge for the clinician, the adolescent, and her family. Defined as lower quadrant or lower abdominal pain lasting 3-6 months or longer, chronic pelvic pain can lead to missed school and activities, decreased functioning, and decreased quality of life in the adolescent. Both the primary care clinician and the pediatric gynecologist need to be aware of the most common causes of chronic pelvic pain in the adolescent, including surgical and nonsurgical, gynecologic versus other pathology including the psychosomatic, and the role of the mind in control of somatic pain in the adolescent. Adding to this complexity is the standard adolescent sense of invulnerability; a knowledge of adolescent development remains essential to the delivery of appropriate gynecologic care for this age group. Education and communication with both the adolescent and her family requires sensitivity, especially in cultures where adolescent sexuality is taboo or discouraged. This chapter will discuss the developmental stages of adolescence and how that impacts care of the patient with chronic pelvic pain at the varying ages, the issue of confidentiality when obtaining a sexual history on the adolescent, and etiologies of chronic pelvic pain specific to the adolescent, including gynecologic and nongynecologic causes. Diagnostic and treatment considerations for chronic pelvic pain in the adolescent will also be addressed. PMID:22846533

  15. Dynamics of female pelvic floor function using urodynamics, ultrasound and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI).

    PubMed

    Constantinou, Christos E

    2009-05-01

    In this review the diagnostic potential of evaluating female pelvic floor muscle (PFM) function using magnetic and ultrasound imaging in the context of urodynamic observations is considered in terms of determining the mechanisms of urinary continence. A new approach is used to consider the dynamics of PFM activity by introducing new parameters derived from imaging. Novel image-processing techniques are applied to illustrate the static anatomy and dynamics of PFM function of stress incontinent women pre- and post-operatively as compared to asymptomatic subjects. Function was evaluated from the dynamics of organ displacement produced during voluntary and reflex activation. Technical innovations include the use of ultrasound analysis for movement of structures during maneuvers that are associated with external stimuli. Enabling this approach is the development of criteria and fresh and unique parameters that define the kinematics of PFM function. Principal among these parameters, are displacement, velocity, acceleration and the trajectory of pelvic floor landmarks. To accomplish this objective, movement detection, including motion tracking algorithms and segmentation algorithms were developed to derive new parameters of trajectory, displacement, velocity and acceleration, and strain of pelvic structures during different maneuvers. Results highlight the importance of timing the movement and deformation to fast and stressful maneuvers, which are important for understanding the neuromuscular control and function of PFM. Furthermore, observations suggest that timing of responses is a significant factor separating the continent from the incontinent subjects. PMID:19303690

  16. Laparoscopic management of a strangulated internal hernia underneath the left external iliac artery?

    PubMed Central

    Dumont, Karl-Andreas; Wexels, Jan Cyril

    2013-01-01

    INTRODUCTION Internal herniation of a small bowel behind pelvic vessels is a rare complication seen after pelvic lymphadenectomy. PRESENTATION OF CASE A 56-year-old woman was operated due to a gynecological cancer. 4 years thereafter she presented with a 2 days history of abdominal pain and vomiting. Clinical and radiological findings indicated a small bowel obstruction. A loop of small bowel had herniated behind the left external iliac artery. Using laparoscopic technique the herniated bowel was reduced. Due to limited peritoneum around the area and skeletonized vessel, we decided not to do any repair of the hernia orifice. The postoperative recovery was uneventful, bowel activity returned to normal and she was discharged the next day. Follow-up was done at 1 month and the latest at 10 months. She didn’t experience pain or discomfort after the operation. DISCUSSION Due to limited peritoneum around the skeletonized vessel, we decided to leave the hernia orifice unrepaired. We found it hazardous to do any direct suture of the orifice or use a free peritoneal graft to repair the defect as the fibrosis and inflammatory process might have compromised the artery or the vein. A longer follow-up of the patient is needed to clearly conclude if this simple procedure has been sufficient. We agreed that if the patient would experience any sign of recurrence and need another operation we would close the defect at that time. CONCLUSION 4 years after pelvic lymphadenectomy a small bowel herniation behind an external iliac artery occurred. The patient was successfully treated with reduction of the small bowel using laparoscopic technique. A quick recovery with minimal discomfort and no sign of recurrence after 10 months made our approach an acceptable surgical option. PMID:24121051

  17. Laparoscopic Adjustable Esophagogastric Banding: a Preliminary Experience

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Erik Niville; Joost Vankeirsbilck; Anné Dams; Thierry Anne

    1998-01-01

    Background: Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding is an efficient surgical method in the treatment of morbid obesity. In\\u000a order to reduce the number of complications, we have modified the technique to what we term ‘laparoscopic adjustable esophagogastric\\u000a banding’. Methods: Between December 1994 and July 1997, 126 laparoscopic adjustable banding procedures were carried out. Of\\u000a these, 40 underwent a gastric banding operation

  18. Augmented Reality Visualization for Laparoscopic Surgery

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Henry Fuchs; Mark A. Livingston; Ramesh Raskar; D’nardo Colucci; Kurtis Keller; Andrei State; Jessica R. Crawford; Paul Rademacher; Samuel H. Drake; Anthony A. Meyer

    1998-01-01

    We present the design and a prototype implementation of a three-dimensional visualization system to assist with laparoscopic surgi- cal procedures. The system uses 3D visualization, depth extraction from laparoscopic images, and six degree-of-freedom head and laparoscope tracking to display a merged real and synthetic image in the surgeon's video-see-through head-mounted display. We also introduce a custom design for this display.

  19. Laparoscopic subtotal hysterectomy versus laparoscopic total hysterectomy: a decade of experience.

    PubMed

    van Evert, J S; Smeenk, J M J; Dijkhuizen, F P H L J; de Kruif, J H; Kluivers, K B

    2010-02-01

    At present, there are only few data on the surgical outcomes of laparoscopic hysterectomy (LH). Up till now, it has been unclear whether there is a difference in number of complications among the subcategories of laparoscopic total hysterectomy and laparoscopic subtotal hysterectomy (LSH). Therefore, we have performed a retrospective analysis to evaluate the peri- and postoperative outcomes in women undergoing LSH versus LH. This multi-centre retrospective cohort study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2) was conducted in multi-centres (two teaching hospitals and one university medical centre) in the Netherlands, all experienced in minimally invasive gynaecology. In a multi-centre retrospective cohort study we compared the long-term outcomes of laparoscopic subtotal hysterectomy and laparoscopic total hysterectomy (including laparoscopic assisted vaginal hysterectomy, laparoscopic hysterectomy and total laparoscopic hysterectomy). All laparoscopic hysterectomies from the last 10 years (January 1998 till December 2007) were included. Patient characteristics, intra- and postoperative complications, operating time and duration of hospital stay were recorded. The minimum follow-up was 6 months. A total of 390 cases of laparoscopic hysterectomies were included in the analysis: 192 laparoscopic subtotal hysterectomies and 198 laparoscopic total hysterectomies. Patient characteristics such as age and parity were equal in the groups. The overall number of short-term and long-term complications was comparable in both groups: 17% and 15%. Short-term complications (bleeding, fever) were 3% in the LSH group and 12% in the LH group. Long-term complications were (tubal prolapse and cervical stump reoperations) 15% in the LSH group and 3% in the LH group. Laparoscopic subtotal hysterectomy as compared with the different types of laparoscopic total hysterectomy is associated with more long-term postoperative complications, whereas laparoscopic total hysterectomy is associated with more short-term complications. PMID:20234836

  20. Laparoscopic pouch surgery in ulcerative colitis

    PubMed Central

    Hemandas, Anil K.; Jenkins, John T.

    2012-01-01

    Laparoscopic restorative proctocolectomy is a complex procedure with a steep learning curve. It has been proven to be safe and feasible with outcomes comparable to those of open surgery if performed in experienced centers. Published evidence in favor of laparoscopic approach is mainly from small case series and data from randomized controlled trials are currently awaited. This article reviews and analyzes the existing literature on laparoscopic ileoanal pouch surgery in light of the available evidence, demonstrating safety and efficacy of the laparoscopic approach and potential short-term benefits. Technical aspects and future directions in the minimally invasive approach to restorative proctocolectomy are also discussed. PMID:24714253

  1. Chronic Pelvic Pain due to Pelvic Congestion Syndrome: The Role of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology

    SciTech Connect

    Ganeshan, Arul; Upponi, Sara [John Radcliffe Hospital, Department of Radiology (United Kingdom); Hon, Lye-Quen [The Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Department of Radiology (United Kingdom); Uthappa, M. C.; Warakaulle, Dinuke R. [Stoke Mandeville Hospital, Department of Radiology (United Kingdom); Uberoi, Raman [John Radcliffe Hospital, Department of Radiology (United Kingdom)], E-mail: raman.uberoi@orh.nhs.uk

    2007-11-15

    Chronic pelvic pain (CPP) is a common cause of gynecologic referral. Pelvic congestion syndrome, which is said to occurs due to ovarian vein incompetence, is a recognized cause of CPP. The aim of this paper is to briefly describe the clinical manifestations, and to review the role of diagnostic and interventional radiology in the management of this probably under-diagnosed condition.

  2. Laparoscopic artificial insemination in sheep.

    PubMed

    Gourley, D D; Riese, R L

    1990-11-01

    The goal of any AI program is to create improved offspring, and the achievement of this objective will depend on the breeding value of the ram and ewe selected. Laparoscopic AI is being utilized in the sheep industry to extend the use of superior rams, and it offers the producer the opportunity to maximize the reproductive potential of superior sheep. Rapid genetic trait infusion of known superior stud rams into the flock is the primary economic benefit of laparoscopic AI. The success of laparoscopic AI depends on events and factors that interrelate in a complex way. Once the selection and preparation of the ewe have been accomplished, one of the more important steps in the program is the successful synchronization of the ewe to deliver the necessary ova to the site of fertilization at a specific time. One of the best methods of synchronization for laparoscopic AI is the use of a progesterone product for a controlled time period and the administration of PMSG upon its removal. Detecting the onset of estrus is critical, and the addition of sterile (e.g., vasectomized) males is helpful, even essential, to accurately determine when each ewe begins her estrus. The ram effect has been shown to stimulate ovulation and estrus. Ewes must be inseminated within a narrow window of time after the synchronization product is removed. Ewes should be inseminated in the order in which they begin to exhibit signs of behavioral estrus, but age, stage of lactation, duration of behavioral estrus, and breed must be taken into account when this order is established. Fresh-extended semen works well throughout this preferred time frame established for laparoscopic AI, but frozen semen gives best results when used near the end. Advancement in manufacturing technology today removes equipment as a variable factor. It is important, therefore, that the inseminator develop a level of expertise in laparoscopy to ensure maximum fertilization rates. If available, fresh-extended semen is preferred over frozen semen, using at least the minimal number of spermatozoa necessary for fertilization. Evaluation of the post-thaw frozen or fresh semen is necessary to determine motility, morphology, and concentration, all of which help determine the volume of the insemination dose. The minimum necessary for laparoscopic AI in fine-wooled breeds is 20 X 10(6) normal motile spermatozoa; however, the more seasonal and less fertile American sheep need approximately 40 to 50 X 10(6) normal motile sperm to achieve acceptable fertility rates.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) PMID:2147121

  3. Female sexual function and pelvic floor disorders

    PubMed Central

    Handa, Victoria L.; Cundiff, Geoffrey; Chang, Howard H.; Helzlsouer, Kathy J.

    2009-01-01

    Objectives Sexual function is an important dimension of adult life and yet very little is known about the relationships between female sexuality and chronic health conditions, including pelvic floor disorders. Our goal was to investigate the hypothesis that pelvic floor disorders are associated with female sexual problems, independent of other related factors. Methods The study population included 301 adult women seeking outpatient gynecologic and urogynecologic care. Pelvic floor disorders were assessed with the Pelvic Floor Disorders Inventory-20 (PFDI) and the Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification examination. Sexual function was assessed with the Personal Experiences Questionnaire. Using ordinal regression analysis, we identified characteristics and conditions associated with decreased libido, infrequent orgasm, decreased arousal, and dyspareunia. Results Sexual function was poorer among 78 women (26%) without a current sexual partner than among 223 with a partner (p<0.01). Among the 223 with a current partner, women with a high PFDI score were significantly more likely to report decreased arousal (p<0.01), infrequent orgasm (p<0.01) and increased dyspareunia (p<0.01). A similar pattern was observed for the urinary, colorectal-anal, and prolapse scales of the PFDI, although some associations were marginally significant. Stage III–IV prolapse was significantly associated with infrequent orgasm (p=0.02), but other sexual complaints were not more common with increasing prolapse stage. Conclusion Pelvic floor symptoms are significantly associated with reduced sexual arousal, infrequent orgasm, and dyspareunia. Clinicians who care for women with pelvic floor disorders should be aware of this association and should specifically address sexual concerns with women seeking treatment of incontinence and prolapse. PMID:18448734

  4. Pure laparoscopic hepatectomy combined with a pure laparoscopic pringle maneuver in patients with severe cirrhosis.

    PubMed

    Miyagi, Shigehito; Nakanishi, Chikashi; Kawagishi, Naoki; Kamei, Takashi; Satomi, Susumu; Ohuchi, Noriaki

    2015-01-01

    Laparoscopic hepatectomy is a standard surgical procedure. However, it is difficult to perform in patients with severe cirrhosis because of fibrosis and a high risk of hemorrhage. We report our recent experience in five cases of pure laparoscopic hepatectomy combined with a pure laparoscopic Pringle maneuver in patients with severe cirrhosis. From 2012 to 2014, we performed pure laparoscopic partial hepatectomy in five patients with severe liver cirrhosis (indocyanine green retention rate at 15 min [ICG R15] >30% and fibrosis stage f4). A pure laparoscopic Pringle maneuver was employed in all patients. We investigated operative time, blood loss, duration of hospitalization and the days when discharge was possible, and compared these findings with those of patients with a normal liver (ICG R15 <10%, f0) who underwent pure laparoscopic partial hepatectomy during the same period (n = 7). As a result, operative time, blood loss, duration of hospitalization and the days when discharge was possible were similar in patients with cirrhosis undergoing pure laparoscopic hepatectomy combined with a pure laparoscopic Pringle maneuver to those in patients with a normal liver undergoing pure laparoscopic partial hepatectomy. In conclusion, pure laparoscopic hepatectomy combined with a pure laparoscopic Pringle maneuver appears to be safe in patients with severe cirrhosis. PMID:26034471

  5. Pure Laparoscopic Hepatectomy Combined with a Pure Laparoscopic Pringle Maneuver in Patients with Severe Cirrhosis

    PubMed Central

    Miyagi, Shigehito; Nakanishi, Chikashi; Kawagishi, Naoki; Kamei, Takashi; Satomi, Susumu; Ohuchi, Noriaki

    2015-01-01

    Laparoscopic hepatectomy is a standard surgical procedure. However, it is difficult to perform in patients with severe cirrhosis because of fibrosis and a high risk of hemorrhage. We report our recent experience in five cases of pure laparoscopic hepatectomy combined with a pure laparoscopic Pringle maneuver in patients with severe cirrhosis. From 2012 to 2014, we performed pure laparoscopic partial hepatectomy in five patients with severe liver cirrhosis (indocyanine green retention rate at 15 min [ICG R15] >30% and fibrosis stage f4). A pure laparoscopic Pringle maneuver was employed in all patients. We investigated operative time, blood loss, duration of hospitalization and the days when discharge was possible, and compared these findings with those of patients with a normal liver (ICG R15 <10%, f0) who underwent pure laparoscopic partial hepatectomy during the same period (n = 7). As a result, operative time, blood loss, duration of hospitalization and the days when discharge was possible were similar in patients with cirrhosis undergoing pure laparoscopic hepatectomy combined with a pure laparoscopic Pringle maneuver to those in patients with a normal liver undergoing pure laparoscopic partial hepatectomy. In conclusion, pure laparoscopic hepatectomy combined with a pure laparoscopic Pringle maneuver appears to be safe in patients with severe cirrhosis.

  6. Human ocular anatomy.

    PubMed

    Kels, Barry D; Grzybowski, Andrzej; Grant-Kels, Jane M

    2015-01-01

    We review the normal anatomy of the human globe, eyelids, and lacrimal system. This contribution explores both the form and function of numerous anatomic features of the human ocular system, which are vital to a comprehensive understanding of the pathophysiology of many oculocutaneous diseases. The review concludes with a reference glossary of selective ophthalmologic terms that are relevant to a thorough understanding of many oculocutaneous disease processes. PMID:25704934

  7. Simultaneous laparoscopic adrenalectomy and laparoscopic nephron-sparing surgery – new experience with port placement

    PubMed Central

    Panek, Wojciech; Lewandowski, Jaroslaw; Tuchendler, Tomasz; Urba?czyk, Grzegorz; Litarski, Adam; Apozna?ski, Wojciech

    2013-01-01

    The aim of the study was to describe simultaneous laparoscopic adrenalectomy and laparoscopic nephron-sparing surgery, to discuss the details of a convenient laparoscopic approach and the way of port placement, as well as to present a review of the literature concerning combined laparoscopic procedures. A 72-year-old woman was admitted to our department because of a tumor of the right adrenal gland and a small tumor of the right kidney. The patient underwent simultaneous laparoscopic adrenalectomy and laparoscopic nephron-sparing surgery. The postoperative period was uncomplicated. The patient was discharged from the hospital on the 4th postoperative day. We believe that the proposed way of trocar placement would help to avoid a ‘rollover’ problem between the laparoscope and a Satinsky clamp or a ‘crossing swords’ problem between a Satinsky clamp and manipulators. PMID:24501608

  8. [The laparoscopic treatment of varicocele].

    PubMed

    Stepanov, V N; Mumladze, R B; Kadyrov, Z A; Perel'man, V M; Rozikov, Iu Sh; Tomkevich, B A; Puzhik, A M; Kosachenko, V M

    1997-01-01

    Laparoscopic treatment of varicocele is described for 37 patients. The operation was performed under endotracheal, epidural and intravenous anesthesia with ligation of the testicular vein in 18 patients. Ligation with the dissection was conducted in 19 patients. On the first postoperative day 2 patients were given promedol (2%, 1.0 ml), the rest were injected baralgin (2-3 injections). The patients were discharged after 1-2 days of hospital stay and resumed their usual way of life 2-7 days after the discharge. One month later varicocele disappeared in 29 patients, diminished in size in 7 patients, pain relief occurred in 15 patients. Due to its advantages (simple performance, good visualization of the testicular vein, minimal use of narcotic drugs, short hospital stay, absence of serious complications) laparoscopic treatment may be considered as a method of choice. PMID:9123663

  9. Ultracision in gynaecological laparoscopic surgery.

    PubMed

    Kunde, D; Welch, C

    2003-07-01

    The Ultracision harmonic scalpel and laparosonic coagulating shears use high-frequency ultrasound energy and can be used as a substitute for electrosurgery, lasers and steel scalpels in both laparoscopic and conventional gynaecological surgery. Its unique mechanism of action allows cutting and coagulation without causing a significant rise in temperature at the tissue level. Its safety has been tested extensively in animal experiments and there is now ample evidence to suggest that it produces less thermal damage in vitro compared to electrosurgery and lasers. Although these results have been extrapolated to human beings, there are no in vivo studies in humans to corroborate the above observations. This review highlights the mechanism of action, tissue effects, safety aspects, applications, versatility and limitations of this novel technique. The many advantages demonstrated by this instrument over other energy sources used in laparoscopic surgery should make it more popular in forthcoming years. PMID:12881068

  10. Pelvic-fracture urethral injury in children

    PubMed Central

    Hagedorn, Judith C.; Voelzke, Bryan B.

    2015-01-01

    Objective To review paediatric posterior urethral injuries and the current potential management options; because urethral injury due to pelvic fracture in children is rare and has a low incidence, the management of this type of trauma and its complications remains controversial. Methods We reviewed previous reports identified by searching the PubMed Medline electronic database for clinically relevant articles published in the past 25 years. The search was limited to the keywords ‘pediatric’, ‘pelvic fracture’, ‘urethral injury’, ‘stricture’, ‘trauma’ and ‘reconstruction’. Results Most paediatric urethral injuries are a result of pelvic fractures after high-impact blunt trauma. After the diagnosis, immediate bladder drainage via a suprapubic cystotomy, or urethral realignment, are the initial management options, except for a possible immediate primary repair in girls. The common complications of pelvic fracture-associated urethral injury include urethral stricture formation, incontinence and erectile dysfunction. Excellent results can be achieved with delayed urethroplasty for pelvic fracture-associated urethral injuries. Conclusion Traumatic injury to the paediatric urethra is rare and calls for an immediate diagnosis and management. These devastating injuries have a high complication rate and therefore a close follow-up is warranted to assure adequate delayed repair by a reconstructive urologist. PMID:26019977

  11. Laparoscopic appendectomy for perforated appendicitis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jimmy B. Y. So; Ee-Cherk Chiong; Edmond Chiong; Wei-Keat Cheah; David Lomanto; Peter Goh; Cheng-Kiong Kum

    2002-01-01

    Although laparoscopic appendectomy for uncomplicated appendicitis is feasible and safe, its application to perforated appendicitis\\u000a is uncertain. A retrospective study of all patients with perforated appendicitis from 1992 to 1999 in a university hospital\\u000a was performed. A series of 231 patients were diagnosed as having perforated appendicitis. Of these patients, 85 underwent\\u000a laparoscopy (LA), among whom 40 (47%) required conversion

  12. Complications of Laparoscopic Donor Nephrectomy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alexei Wedmid; Michael A. Palese

    \\u000a “Laparoscopic donor nephrectomy is a unique surgical procedure due to the fact that the surgeon is operating on a healthy\\u000a individual in order to benefit another patient he or she is unlikely managing, with a potential for complications ensuing\\u000a in both the donor and the recipient patients. Overall surgical technique, anatomic considerations, and perioperative management\\u000a remain important for minimizing the

  13. Severe endometriosis: laparoscopic rectum resection

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ingolf Juhasz-Böss; Claus Lattrich; Alois Fürst; Eduard Malik; Olaf Ortmann

    2010-01-01

    Aim  Endometriosis is a frequent benign disease of women in reproductive age. An infiltration of the spatium rectovaginal is rare,\\u000a but if it occurs, in up to 73% the rectum is involved. If there is the indication for surgery, a partial resection of the\\u000a rectum might be necessary. This can be performed by a laparoscopic approach. It is the aim of

  14. University of Oregon Human Anatomy I

    E-print Network

    Lockery, Shawn

    University of Oregon Human Anatomy I HPHY 321 Fall 2013 Monday learning opportunity occurs if students choose to take HPHY 321 (Anatomy I Resources: 1. Anatomy & Physiology Revealed 3.0, Web-Based Program. This is a great

  15. HUMAN GROSS ANATOMY ANTH 695 SPRING 2014

    E-print Network

    Auerbach, Benjamin M.

    1 HUMAN GROSS ANATOMY ANTH 695 ­ SPRING 2014 THE UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE description: Human Gross Anatomy provides advanced graduate students with in in Anatomy Lecture Series Fridays: 12:20 PM ­ 1:10 PM * All

  16. Review. Laparoscopic appendicectomy: current status.

    PubMed Central

    Memon, M. A.

    1997-01-01

    Laparoscopic appendicectomy (LA), has failed to gain unequivocal acceptance by the general surgical community as an alternative to open appendicectomy (OA). This is because the early postoperative recovery leading to quicker hospital discharge, which led to the worldwide acceptance of laparoscopic cholecystectomy, has not been universally seen with LA. Moreover, in the majority of the published series of LAs, there seems to be a trend towards an increased incidence of intra-abdominal abscesses. However, laparoscopy is superior to the 'watch and wait' policy where the diagnosis of appendicitis is questionable. Furthermore, since a large incision can be avoided by using the LA technique in obese patients, the incidence of postoperative morbidity can be reduced considerably. Nevertheless, before endorsing routine and widespread use of LA, it is essential that this technique is critically evaluated in well-designed, controlled, randomised trials, showing clearly the major benefits to the patient in terms of quicker hospital discharge, reduced postoperative pain, decreased wound infection and early return to full activities. Laparoscopic appendicectomy will never replace all open appendicectomies, but should become an alternative in certain groups of patients. PMID:9422862

  17. Laparoscopic pancreatectomy: Indications and outcomes

    PubMed Central

    Liang, Shuyin; Hameed, Usmaan; Jayaraman, Shiva

    2014-01-01

    The application of minimally invasive approaches to pancreatic resection for benign and malignant diseases has been growing in the last two decades. Studies have demonstrated that laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy (LDP) is feasible and safe, and many of them show that compared to open distal pancreatectomy, LDP has decreased blood loss and length of hospital stay, and equivalent post-operative complication rates and short-term oncologic outcomes. LDP is becoming the procedure of choice for benign or small low-grade malignant lesions in the distal pancreas. Minimally invasive pancreaticoduodenectomy (MIPD) has not yet been widely adopted. There is no clear evidence in favor of MIPD over open pancreaticoduodenectomy in operative time, blood loss, length of stay or rate of complications. Robotic surgery has recently been applied to pancreatectomy, and many of the advantages of laparoscopy over open surgery have been observed in robotic surgery. Laparoscopic enucleation is considered safe for patients with small, benign or low-grade malignant lesions of the pancreas that is amenable to parenchyma-preserving procedure. As surgeons’ experience with advanced laparoscopic and robotic skills has been growing around the world, new innovations and breakthrough in minimally invasive pancreatic procedures will evolve. PMID:25339811

  18. Is laparoscopic hysterectomy a waste of time?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. E Richardson; N Bournas; A. L Magos

    1995-01-01

    SummaryLaparoscopic hysterectomy (LH) is a way to avoid laparotomy. However, there is evidence that most women treated by abdominal hysterectomy are suitable for vaginal surgery. To test this hypothesis, and to determine the relative merits of laparoscopic and vaginal hysterectomy (VH) and the best technique for LH, we prospectively studied 98 women who had relative contraindications for vaginal surgery by

  19. Symptomatic internal hernias after laparoscopic bariatric surgery

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. Comeau; M. Gagner; W. B. Inabnet; D. M. Herron; T. M. Quinn; A. Pomp

    2005-01-01

    Background: The aim of this study was to describe the occurrence and clinical characteristics of symptomatic internal hernias (IH) after laparoscopic bariatric procedures. Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of cases of IH after 1,064 laparoscopic gastric bypasses (LGB) and biliopancreatic diversions with duodenal switch (LBPD-DS) performed from September 1998 to August 2002. Results: We documented 35 cases of IH

  20. Laparoscopic Era of Operations for Morbid Obesity

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Daniel R. Cottam; Samer G. Mattar; Philip R. Schauer

    2003-01-01

    he goal of this article is to review the status of the emerging field of laparoscopic bariat- ric surgery, to discuss developmental issues regarding technique and training, and fi- nally, to summarize the present and future roles of laparoscopic bariatric surgery. We reviewed all published literature from 1992 to the present on MEDLINE. Articles were excludedforanalysesthatwerecasereportsorarticlesontechnicalaspectsofgivenprocedures.Lap- aroscopic vertical banded gastroplasty

  1. Laparoscopically assisted vaginal resection of rectovaginal endometriosis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marc Possover; Herbert Diebolder; Karin Plaul; Achim Schneider

    2000-01-01

    Background: We wanted to establish a technique of laparoscopically assisted radical vaginal surgery for deep endometriosis of the rectovaginal septum with extensive rectal involvement.Technique: The procedure is started by vaginally excising the involved area which is left on the rectum, followed by bilateral dissection of the pararectal and retrorectal spaces. Para- and retrosigmoido-rectal spaces are developed laparoscopically along the coccygeosacral

  2. [Laparoscopic partial nephrectomy: technique and outcomes].

    PubMed

    Colombo, J R; Gill, I S

    2006-05-01

    The indication of laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) has evolved considerably, and the technique is approaching established status at our institution. Over the past 5 years, the senior author has performed more than 450 laparoscopic partial nephrectomies at the Cleveland Clinic. Herein we present our current technique, review contemporary data and oncological outcomes of LPN. PMID:16884101

  3. Laparoscopic treatment of cornual heterotopic pregnancy.

    PubMed

    Pasic, Resad P; Hammons, Grant; Gardner, Julie S; Hainer, Meg

    2002-08-01

    A woman with spontaneous heterotopic pregnancy at approximately 7 weeks' gestation, diagnosed by ultrasound, was treated by laparoscopic cornuostomy. Intrauterine pregnancy continued to develop uneventfully. Two days after laparoscopic surgery, the patient decided to terminate the intrauterine pregnancy. Pathology report confirmed cornual pregnancy, and showed a partial molar gestation of the terminated pregnancy. PMID:12101338

  4. In vivo kinematic measurement during laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Rasmus; R. Riener; S. Reiter; A. Schneider; H. Feussner

    2004-01-01

    Background: Despite the rapid development of computer-assisted surgery, studies on kinematic measurement for surgical innovation are rare. This study describes a system for kinematic measurement in real operating theater environments. Six laparoscopic cholecystectomies were recorded and analyzed. In addition to a demonstration of the feasibility of the method, basis data for the development of an actuated laparoscopic camera holder are

  5. Laparoscopic excision of splenic hydatid cyst

    PubMed Central

    Gharaibeh, K

    2001-01-01

    Hydatid disease of the spleen is a rare condition. The standard treatment is open total or partial splenectomy. Recently hand assisted laparoscopic total splenectomy for splenic hydatid cyst has been reported. A case is described of splenic hydatid cyst in a 45 year old man that was excised laparoscopically; the related literature is reviewed.???Keywords: hydatid disease; spleen; laparoscopy; Jordan PMID:11222831

  6. Successful Transfer of Open Surgical Skills to a Laparoscopic Environment Using a Robotic Interface: Initial Experience With Laparoscopic Radical Prostatectomy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    THOMAS E. AHLERING; DOUGLAS SKARECKY; DAVID LEE; RALPH V. CLAYMAN

    2003-01-01

    PurposeFor a skilled laparoscopic surgeon the learning curve for achieving proficiency with laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP) is estimated at 40 to 60 cases. For the laparoscopically naïve surgeon the curve is estimated at 80 to 100 cases. The development of a robotic interface might significantly shorten the LRP learning curve for an experienced open yet naïve laparoscopic surgeon. To our

  7. Anatomy Adventure: A Board Game for Enhancing Understanding of Anatomy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anyanwu, Emeka G.

    2014-01-01

    Certain negative factors such as fear, loss of concentration and interest in the course, lack of confidence, and undue stress have been associated with the study of anatomy. These are factors most often provoked by the unusually large curriculum, nature of the course, and the psychosocial impact of dissection. As a palliative measure, Anatomy

  8. The anatomy of anatomy: a review for its modernization.

    PubMed

    Sugand, Kapil; Abrahams, Peter; Khurana, Ashish

    2010-01-01

    Anatomy has historically been a cornerstone in medical education regardless of nation or specialty. Until recently, dissection and didactic lectures were its sole pedagogy. Teaching methodology has been revolutionized with more reliance on models, imaging, simulation, and the Internet to further consolidate and enhance the learning experience. Moreover, modern medical curricula are giving less importance to anatomy education and to the acknowledged value of dissection. Universities have even abandoned dissection completely in favor of user-friendly multimedia, alternative teaching approaches, and newly defined priorities in clinical practice. Anatomy curriculum is undergoing international reformation but the current framework lacks uniformity among institutions. Optimal learning content can be categorized into the following modalities: (1) dissection/prosection, (2) interactive multimedia, (3) procedural anatomy, (4) surface and clinical anatomy, and (5) imaging. The importance of multimodal teaching, with examples suggested in this article, has been widely recognized and assessed. Nevertheless, there are still ongoing limitations in anatomy teaching. Substantial problems consist of diminished allotted dissection time and the number of qualified anatomy instructors, which will eventually deteriorate the quality of education. Alternative resources and strategies are discussed in an attempt to tackle these genuine concerns. The challenges are to reinstate more effective teaching and learning tools while maintaining the beneficial values of orthodox dissection. The UK has a reputable medical education but its quality could be improved by observing international frameworks. The heavy penalty of not concentrating on sufficient anatomy education will inevitably lead to incompetent anatomists and healthcare professionals, leaving patients to face dire repercussions. PMID:20205265

  9. Laparoscopic Diagnosis and Treatment in Gynecologic Emergencies

    PubMed Central

    Cantele, Héctor; Leyba, José Luis; Navarrete, Manuel; Llopla, Salvador Navarrete

    2003-01-01

    Objective: To present an analysis of our experience with 22 consecutive cases of acute abdominal gynecologic emergencies managed with a laparoscopic approach. Methods: From March 1997 to October 1998, 22 patients with a diagnosis of acute abdominal gynecologic emergencies underwent laparoscopic intervention. A transvaginal ultrasound was performed on all patients preoperatively to supplement the diagnostic workup. Surgical time, complications, and length of hospital stay were evaluated, and the laparoscopic diagnosis was compared with the preoperative diagnosis. Results: The laparoscopic diagnosis was different from the preoperative diagnosis in 31.8% of patients. Of the 22 patients, laparoscopic therapeutic procedures were performed in 18 (81.8%), all satisfactorily, and with no need for conversion to open surgery. No morbidity or mortality occurred. Conclusion: Laparoscopy is a safe and effective method for diagnosing and treating gynecologic emergencies. PMID:14558712

  10. [Indications of laparoscopic surgery for gastric cancer].

    PubMed

    Li, Ziyu

    2014-08-01

    Consensus has been reached on the advantage and validity of laparoscopic surgery, but how to extend the usage of laparoscopic surgery in gastric cancer properly in China remains a problem as advanced gastric cancer occupies the majority of patients here. In the treatment of early gastric cancer, laparoscopic surgery nowadays is one of the standard treatments but surgeons still need to follow the indication of surgery strictly to avoid the excessive treatment in patients who are indicated for endoscopic therapy. There is still lack of evidence on the application of laparoscopic surgery in the treatment of advanced gastric cancer, therefore these procedures should be performed in the context of clinical trials. With the development of laparoscopic surgery in the treatment of advanced gastric cancer, training, certification and supervision systems are still not established. More attention should be paid to the choice of patients during the early period of learning curves and the indication of advanced stage. PMID:25164886

  11. Laparoscopic vs. laparoscopically assisted management of Meckel’s diverticulum in children

    PubMed Central

    Duan, Xufei; Ye, Guogang; Bian, Hongqiang; Yang, Jun; Zheng, Kai; Liang, Chong; Sun, Xuan; Yan, Xueqiang; Yang, Hu; Wang, Xin; Ma, Jingwei

    2015-01-01

    To investigate the management of Meckel’s diverticulum in children and the feasibility of using laparoscopic and laparoscopically assisted Meckel’s diverticulum resection and intestinal anastomosis according to the different subtypes classified laparoscopically. 55 symptomatic Meckel’s diverticulum cases were classified into two categories, the simple and the complex types depending on Meckel’s diverticulum appearance upon laparoscopic exploration. Forty-one cases of simple Meckel’s diverticulum were treated with simple diverticulectomy during laparoscopy, and 14 cases of complicated Meckel’s diverticulum were treated with laparoscopically assisted Meckel’s diverticulum resection and intestinal anastomosis. The operation time for the laparoscopically assisted was significant longer than laparoscopic-only surgeries [45~123 min (54.57 ± 20.17min) vs 29~78min (38.85 ± 9.75 min)], P = 0.013. Among the 55 cases, Just one child with simple type MD during laparoscopic exploration, and presented a diverticulum with a base that was considered to be in the mesangial margin. The remaining 54 patients were cured, and follow-up for 4~36 months revealed that they did not present abdominal pain, and no hematochezia occurred as a complication. Surgery selection either laparoscopy only or transumbilical laparoscopically assisted intestinal resection and intestinal anastomosis by laparoscopic exploration for Meckel’s diverticulum treatment, based on the type of Meckel’s diverticulum in children, is safe, feasible, and effective. PMID:25784978

  12. Pelvic floor muscle function in a general population of women with and without pelvic organ prolapse

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marijke Slieker-ten Hove; Annelies Pool-Goudzwaard; Marinus Eijkemans; Regine Steegers-Theunissen; Curt Burger; Mark Vierhout

    2010-01-01

    Introduction and hypothesis  This study aims to examine the relationship between pelvic floor muscle function (PFMF) and pelvic organ prolapse (POP) in\\u000a a general female population.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Cross-sectional study on women aged 45–85 years. Validated questionnaires were used to assess pelvic floor muscle function.\\u000a POP and PFMF were evaluated with vaginal examination. For statistical analysis chi-squared test for trend and analysis of\\u000a variance

  13. Total Pelvic Exenteration for Gynecologic Malignancies

    PubMed Central

    Diver, Elisabeth J.; Rauh-Hain, J. Alejandro; del Carmen, Marcela G.

    2012-01-01

    Total pelvic exenteration (PE) is a radical operation, involving en bloc resection of pelvic organs, including reproductive structures, bladder, and rectosigmoid. In gynecologic oncology, it is most commonly indicated for the treatment of advanced primary or locally recurrent cancer. Careful patient selection and counseling are of paramount importance when considering someone for PE. Part of the evaluation process includes comprehensive assessment to exclude unresectable or metastatic disease. PE can be curative for carefully selected patients with gynecologic cancers. Major complications can be seen in as many as 50% of patients undergoing PE, underscoring the need to carefully discuss risks and benefits of this procedure with patients considering exenterative surgery. PMID:22720150

  14. Peri-partum and pelvic floor dysfunction.

    PubMed

    McClurg, Doreen

    2014-01-01

    Pelvic floor muscles (PFM) are the layer of muscles that support the pelvic organs and span the bottom of the pelvis. Weakened PFM mean the internal organs are not fully supported and can lead to difficulties controlling the release of urine, faeces or flatus. Pregnancy and vaginal birth are a recognised cause of PFM weakness; however it has been shown that PFM exercises, if carried out correctly and routinely, can reduce the severity of symptoms. Midwives need to be pro-active in teaching PFM exercises and identifying women who may need to be referred on for more specialist treatment. PMID:25109068

  15. Pelvic floor muscle training in males: practical applications.

    PubMed

    Siegel, Andrew L

    2014-07-01

    The pelvic floor muscles are vital to male genitourinary health. Pelvic floor muscle training may prove helpful in a variety of clinical circumstances: stress urinary incontinence that follows prostate surgery, overactive bladder, postvoid dribbling, erectile dysfunction, ejaculation issues including premature ejaculation, and pelvic pain due to levator muscle spasm. PMID:24821468

  16. Psychological profile of women with chronic pelvic pain

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. Magni; C. Andreoli; D. de Leo; G. Martinotti; C. Rossi

    1986-01-01

    Summary Using the Middlesex Hospital Questionnaire (MHQ) and the Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS) psychological distress was measured in 30 women who underwent laparoscopy for chronic pelvic pain and in 30 matched controls. Both organic pelvic pain patients (OPPs) and idiopathic pelvic pain patients (IPPs) reported higher scores for somatisation than controls. IPPs scored higher than OPPs and controls on

  17. Cancer Genome Anatomy Project

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The National Cancer Institute has launched the Cancer Genome Anatomy Project to "achieve a comprehensive molecular characterization of normal, precancerous, and malignant cells." Sequenced genes are held as library entries in a database and are available for downloading (fasta format). Each cDNA library entry may include biological source, number of sequences, and library construction detail information. Thousands of gene sequences are available for over 15 cancers, including breast, colon, and prostrate. Contact information for donating or obtaining tissue samples for research purposes is provided.

  18. TEMPORAL DYNAMICS OF BRAIN ANATOMY

    E-print Network

    Thompson, Paul

    1 TEMPORAL DYNAMICS OF BRAIN ANATOMY Arthur W. Toga and Paul M. Thompson Laboratory of Neuro-mail: toga@loni.ucla.edu Words= Pages= Figures= #12;2 TEMPORAL DYNAMICS OF BRAIN ANATOMY Arthur W. Toga The brain changes profoundly in structure and function during development, and as a result of diseases

  19. Health Instruction Packages: Cardiac Anatomy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Phillips, Gwen; And Others

    Text, illustrations, and exercises are utilized in these five learning modules to instruct nurses, students, and other health care professionals in cardiac anatomy and functions and in fundamental electrocardiographic techniques. The first module, "Cardiac Anatomy and Physiology: A Review" by Gwen Phillips, teaches the learner to draw and label…

  20. MDCT evaluation of potential living renal donor, prior to laparoscopic donor nephrectomy: What the transplant surgeon wants to know?

    PubMed Central

    Ghonge, Nitin P; Gadanayak, Satyabrat; Rajakumari, Vijaya

    2014-01-01

    As Laparoscopic Donor Nephrectomy (LDN) offers several advantages for the donor such as lesser post-operative pain, fewer cosmetic concerns and faster recovery time, there is growing global trend towards LDN as compared to open nephrectomy. Comprehensive pre-LDN donor evaluation includes assessment of renal morphology including pelvi-calyceal and vascular system. Apart from donor selection, evaluation of the regional anatomy allows precise surgical planning. Due to limited visualization during laparoscopic renal harvesting, detailed pre-transplant evaluation of regional anatomy, including the renal venous anatomy is of utmost importance. MDCT is the modality of choice for pre-LDN evaluation of potential renal donors. Apart from appropriate scan protocol and post-processing methods, detailed understanding of surgical techniques is essential for the Radiologist for accurate image interpretation during pre-LDN MDCT evaluation of potential renal donors. This review article describes MDCT evaluation of potential living renal donor, prior to LDN with emphasis on scan protocol, post-processing methods and image interpretation. The article laid special emphasis on surgical perspectives of pre-LDN MDCT evaluation and addresses important points which transplant surgeons want to know. PMID:25489130

  1. Laparoscopic repair and groin hernia surgery.

    PubMed

    Crawford, D L; Phillips, E H

    1998-12-01

    Over the past 15 years, laparoscopic herniorrhaphy has made the transition from an experimental to a proven procedure. With increasing laparoscopic skills in the surgical community, many surgeons are now faced with the question of when to recommend laparoscopic herniorrhaphy to their patients. A surgeon's best hernia repair is the one with which they have had the greatest experience. This results in the lowest recurrence and complication rate in his or her hands. Certainly, simple, unilateral hernias and bilateral hernias can be repaired with either anterior or laparoscopic techniques. Many times, laparoscopic herniorrhaphy is too much surgery for a young patient with a unilateral hernia. In such a case, repair is best performed with the patient under local anesthesia. Also, young patients in whom it is advantageous to avoid mesh should not undergo laparoscopic herniorrhaphy. The authors prefer laparoscopic TEP herniorrhaphy in patients with recurrent hernias, bilateral hernias, and unilateral hernias with a suspected contralateral hernia. There is also a consensus that patients with multiple recurrent hernias in whom a preperitoneal repair is appropriate are best served with a laparoscopic repair. Surgeons without advanced laparoscopic skills or without the time to develop the skills necessary to perform laparoscopic herniorrhaphy should consider referring patients with recurrent hernias to surgeons with experience in TEP. TEP is preferable to TAPP because of its lower complication and recurrence rates and in the authors' hands is the "best repair." TAPP should be reserved for patients with prior lower abdominal wall incisions that make the dissection of the peritoneum from the underside of the incision impossible. Patients who cannot tolerate general anesthesia or who have had extensive lower abdominal surgery should not undergo laparoscopic herniorrhaphy. Complication and recurrence rates, although initially higher than traditional repairs, have now fallen to equal or lower levels at centers experienced in laparoscopic techniques. Prospective randomized trials prove that when patients are selected properly and surgeons are adequately trained and proctored, laparoscopic herniorrhaphy can be performed with acceptably low incidences of recurrence and complications. PMID:9927983

  2. Combined laparoscopic ovariectomy and laparoscopic-assisted gastropexy in dogs susceptible to gastric dilatation-volvulus

    PubMed Central

    Rivier, Pablo; Furneaux, Rob; Viguier, Eric

    2011-01-01

    This prospective study describes a simple method of combining laparoscopic ovariectomy and laparoscopic-assisted prophylactic gastropexy and determines the duration of surgery, complications, and long-term outcome including prevention of gastric dilatation-volvulus (GDV). Laparoscopic ovariectomy and laparoscopic-assisted gastropexy were performed on 26 sexually intact female dogs susceptible to GDV. The mean surgery time was 60.8 ± 12.4 min. No GDV episode was seen during the study period (mean follow-up: 5.2 ± 1.4 y). All dogs had an intact gastropexy attachment assessed by ultrasonography at 1 y. Post-operative complications were minor and owners were satisfied with the procedure. Combined laparoscopic ovariectomy and laparoscopic- assisted gastropexy appears to be a successful and low morbidity alternative procedure to both ovariectomy/ovariohysterectomy and gastropexy via open ventral-midline laparotomy. PMID:21461209

  3. The quail anatomy portal.

    PubMed

    Ruparelia, Avnika A; Simkin, Johanna E; Salgado, David; Newgreen, Donald F; Martins, Gabriel G; Bryson-Richardson, Robert J

    2014-01-01

    The Japanese quail is a widely used model organism for the study of embryonic development; however, anatomical resources are lacking. The Quail Anatomy Portal (QAP) provides 22 detailed three-dimensional (3D) models of quail embryos during development from embryonic day (E)1 to E15 generated using optical projection tomography. The 3D models provided can be virtually sectioned to investigate anatomy. Furthermore, using the 3D nature of the models, we have generated a tool to assist in the staging of quail samples. Volume renderings of each stage are provided and can be rotated to allow visualization from multiple angles allowing easy comparison of features both between stages in the database and between images or samples in the laboratory. The use of JavaScript, PHP and HTML ensure the database is accessible to users across different operating systems, including mobile devices, facilitating its use in the laboratory.The QAP provides a unique resource for researchers using the quail model. The ability to virtually section anatomical models throughout development provides the opportunity for researchers to virtually dissect the quail and also provides a valuable tool for the education of students and researchers new to the field. DATABASE URL: http://quail.anatomyportal.org (For review username: demo, password: quail123). PMID:24715219

  4. Abdominal and pelvic floor muscle function in women with and without long lasting pelvic girdle pain

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Britt Stuge; Siv Mørkved; Haldis Haug Dahl; Nina Vøllestad

    2006-01-01

    Approximately 5–20% of postpartum women suffer from long-lasting pelvic girdle pain (PGP). The etiology and pathogenesis of PGP are still unclear. The aim of this study was to examine whether subjects with and without persisting PGP and disability differed with respect to their ability to voluntarily contract the deep abdominals (TrA and IO) and to the strength of the pelvic

  5. The clinical anatomy of the sinutubular junction.

    PubMed

    Loukas, Marios; Wartmann, Christopher T; Tubbs, R Shane; Apaydin, Nihal; Louis, Robert G; Easter, Laurie; Black, Brandie; Jordan, Robert

    2009-04-01

    Specific sites of atherosclerotic processes due to hemodynamic changes and resultant stress, including how these normal anatomical structures become problematic in certain individuals, have yet to be acknowledged. One of these areas of the cardiovascular system occurs at the sinutubular junction (SJ), causing altercation in an otherwise normal flow status. The anatomy of the SJ was examined in 100 adult human hearts during the gross anatomy course at St George's University, during the years 2006-2007. All hearts were examined in situ, using a General Electric model 3200S ultrasound machine with a 5 MHz linear probe. The aforementioned cadavers were also examined using a Stryker laparoscopic unit. Serial transverse histological sections were made through the SJ perpendicular to its axis, and stained with eosin-hematoxylin, van Gieson, Masson trichrome, and Orcein methods. In addition, an immunohistochemical analysis was performed for the detection of positive smooth muscle cells stained areas. During gross and endoscopic examination we were able to identify the SJ in all adult heart specimens. Neonatal and fetal hearts did not exhibit any gross evident SJ; however, a SJ was evident histologically. Ultrasonographically we were able to identify the SJ in all adult heart specimens examined, and a sinutubular ridge in 62%. A significant association was present between the thickness of the ridge and the age of the specimens. The SJ was found to exhibit atherosclerotic changes and plaque formation in an age-related manner. In older subjects, the SJ was marked with local calcification and hemorrhages. In contrast, the SJ of neonatal hearts appeared to have intimal thickening with focal fragmentation and absent or duplicate internal elastic lamina. Intuitively speaking, the presence of a sinutubular ridge, an inevitable fate in humans based on the results of this study, provides an irreversible atherosclerotic process as there is no evidence that the promoting ridge regresses. This is an alarming situation in those individuals who will eventually develop cardiovascular risk factors, whether through inevitable genetic manifestations or by means of exogenous environmental causes. PMID:19224331

  6. Is cirrhosis a contraindication to laparoscopic cholecystectomy?

    PubMed

    McGillicuddy, John W; Villar, Juan José E; Rohan, Vinayak S; Bazaz, Sapna; Taber, David J; Pilch, Nicole A; Baliga, Prabhakar K; Chavin, Kenneth D

    2015-01-01

    Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the gold standard treatment for the vast majority of patients with symptomatic cholelithiasis. Although cirrhotic patients are twice as likely to develop gallstones as compared with noncirrhotic patients, cirrhosis has historically been considered a relative, if not absolute, contraindication to laparoscopic cholecystectomy. More recently a number of authors have reported on the safety of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in cirrhotic patients. We reviewed our patients retrospectively and assessed the safety of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in cirrhotic patients as compared with noncirrhotics at a large liver transplant center. A retrospective longitudinal cohort study was conducted of all laparoscopic cholecystectomies performed by our surgical group between August 2002 and April 2011. Of 63 patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy, 32 (51%) were cirrhotic. Of the 30 for whom a Child score could be calculated, 11 (34%) were Child A, 14 (44%) were Child B, and five (16%) were Child C. The morbidity rate was 33 per cent and mortality rate was 2 per cent. Length of stay, conversion rates, 30-day readmission rates, and morbidity and mortality rates were not significantly different between the cirrhotic and noncirrhotic groups. There was a trend toward higher complication rates in Child C cirrhotics. Our results indicate that laparoscopic cholecystectomy can be performed with acceptable morbidity and mortality in carefully selected cirrhotic patients. PMID:25569066

  7. Laparoscopic splenectomy: lessons from the learning curve

    PubMed Central

    Poulin, Eric C.; Mamazza, Joseph

    1998-01-01

    Objective Initial reports suggest that laparoscopic splenectomy is a difficult procedure with a steep learning curve and limited scope. The objective of this study was to review various approaches to simplify the operation. Design A descriptive study of a prospective database. Setting A tertiary care teaching hospital. Patients Fifty-one consecutive patients, seen over a 4-year period, who underwent laparoscopic splenectomy (partial laparoscopic splenectomy in 1 patient) for a wide variety of disorders. Interventions Anterior and lateral surgical approaches to laparoscopic splenectomy and the selective use of preoperative splenic artery embolization. Main outcome measures Blood loss, morbidity, mortality and rate of conversion to open splenectomy, operating time and postoperative hospital stay. Results The morbidity (11%), death rate (2%), and rate of conversion were low. The recovery rate of accessory spleens was high (24%). Average operating time (3 hours), postoperative stay (3 days) and volume of blood loss improved with time. Conclusions Laparoscopic splenectomy is a reliable procedure for patients with spleens less than 20 cm long. For spleens 20 to 30 cm long, preoperative embolization is advisable, and the surgeon should be experienced. Laparoscopic splenectomy should not be performed for spleens more than 30 cm long. The lateral approach has eliminated most of the difficulty with this procedure for spleens less than 20 cm long (no embolization). The anterior approach is reserved for large spleens and partial laparoscopic splenectomy (with embolization). PMID:9492745

  8. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy in the pregnant patient.

    PubMed

    Comitalo, J B; Lynch, D

    1994-08-01

    Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has rapidly replaced open cholecystectomy as the preferred surgical treatment of symptomatic cholelithiasis. Although the indications are similar for both procedures, some surgeons believe that pregnancy is a contraindication for the laparoscopic approach. Several recent reports in the literature have shown that laparoscopic cholecystectomy can be performed safely in the pregnant patient. A review of all patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy from January 1991 to January 1993 at Scott Air Force Base (AFB) and Edwards AFB was performed. Of 248 patients reviewed, four procedures were performed in the gravid patient. All patients were operated on during the second trimester of pregnancy. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy was successful in all four. Cholangiogram was performed in two patients. No postoperative morbidity was encountered (maternal or fetal). Twenty-one cases of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in the pregnant patient, with no fetal or maternal morbidity or mortality, have been reported in the literature to date. We conclude that in selected cases, laparoscopic cholecystectomy can be performed safely during pregnancy. PMID:7952436

  9. Anatomie et physiologieAnatomie et physiologie de lde l''oreilleoreille

    E-print Network

    Jacquet, Stéphan

    Anatomie et physiologieAnatomie et physiologie de lde l''oreilleoreille Picut GPicut Gééraldrald Mf1/bees1Mf1/bees1 Horizon plongHorizon plongéée 2007e 2007 #12;Anatomie /physiologieAnatomie /physiologie cc''est quoi ?est quoi ? · Anatomie = constitution de l' organe · ( de quoi il est fait

  10. The laparoscopic evaluation of ascites.

    PubMed

    Inadomi, J M; Kapur, S; Kinkhabwala, M; Cello, J P

    2001-01-01

    Laparoscopy is an invaluable technique for the evaluation of ascites in subgroups of patients with ascites. Indications for laparoscopic examination include determination of the causes of ascites when routine tests fail to disclose the source, evaluation for the presence of multiple causes of ascites formation, or histopathologic verification of malignancy within the peritoneal cavity. Several reported series have illustrated the efficacy of laparoscopy for the diagnosis of peritoneal carcinomatosis, tuberculous peritonitis, or unsuspected cirrhosis, securing its role in the management of selected patients with ascites. PMID:11175976

  11. Laparoscopic repair of complicated umbilical hernia with Strattice Laparoscopic™ reconstructive tissue matrix

    PubMed Central

    Tsuda, Shawn

    2014-01-01

    INTRODUCTION Complex hernias continue to present a challenge. Surgical techniques for repair are carefully considered to reduce risk for complications. Laparoscopic repairs improve postoperative infection rates, and placement of biologic mesh decreases mesh infection rates. However, laparoscopic repairs using biologic mesh is generally challenging due to difficulty with maneuverability. PRESENTATION OF CASE We present a case of a complex ventral hernia that was laparoscopically repaired using a new FDA cleared laparoscopic biologic graft. The patient had multiple comorbidities, including obesity, hepatitis C, endocarditis secondary to IV drug use, tobacco smoking, bilateral inguinal hernia, and recurrent umbilical hernia. The recurrent hernia was larger, irreducible, and discolored compared to original defect. The patient underwent laparoscopic repair with primary closure and reinforcement with Strattice™ Tissue Matrix Laparoscopic (LifeCell Corporation, Branchburg, NJ). At nine months postoperative, the patient had no evidence of recurrence, infection, or chronic pain, demonstrating early success from the surgical management. DISCUSSION Presence of multiple comorbidities and incarcerated recurrent hernia increase risk for complications during and/or after hernia repair. Considering these factors, laparoscopic repair with Strattice Laparoscopic and defect closure was a reasonable technique for repair. CONCLUSION Laparoscopic suture repair reinforced with biologic dermal tissue matrix was successfully performed during a complex hernia repair. PMID:25437666

  12. Intrinsic and Extrinsic Analysis on Computational Anatomy

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Intrinsic and Extrinsic Analysis on Computational Anatomy Anqi Qiu1 , Laurent Younes1 , Michael I Computational Anatomy (CA) [1] is a discipline which is evolving rapidly world- wide. The three major areas in the anatomy. 68 Mathematical Foundations of Computational Anatomy (MFCA'06) inria-00635889,version1-26Oct2011

  13. BIM Anatomy An investigation into implementation prerequisites

    E-print Network

    BIM Anatomy An investigation into implementation prerequisites Martin Hooper #12;BIM Anatomy Title: BIM Anatomy An investigation into implementation prerequisites Published: 2012 Design SE221 00 Lund Sweden Tel: +46 (0)46 222 48 63 #12;BIM Anatomy: An investigation

  14. Laparoscopic gastric resection for gastrointestinal stromal tumors

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jennifer A. Sexton; Richard A. Pierce; Valerie J. Halpin; J. Christopher Eagon; William G. Hawkins; David C. Linehan; L. Michael Brunt; Margaret M. Frisella; Brent D. Matthews

    2008-01-01

    Background  This study aimed to review clinical outcomes for patients selected to undergo laparoscopic resection for gastrointestinal\\u000a stromal tumor (GIST) of the stomach.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  All 112 laparoscopic gastric resections performed from February 1995 to March 2007 were reviewed. Pre- and postoperative variables\\u000a were analyzed, and data are given as mean ± standard deviation.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Results  Laparoscopic gastric resection was attempted for 63 GIST in 61 patients

  15. Uterine arteriovenous malformation caused by intrauterine instrumentation for laparoscopic surgery due to left tubal pregnancy

    PubMed Central

    Chang, Kylie Hae-Jin; Park, Jong-Kyu; Park, Sung-Ho; Kim, Hong-Bae

    2014-01-01

    Uterine arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is a rare entity in gynecology with fewer than 100 cases reported in the literature. Due to abnormal connection between arteries and veins without an intervening capillary system, recurrent and profuse vaginal bleeding is the most common symptom which can be potentially life-threatening. Uterine AVM can be either congenital or acquired. Acquired AVM is reported as a consequence of previous uterine trauma such as curettage procedures, caesarean section or pelvic surgery. It is also associated with infection, retained product of conception, gestational trophoblastic disease, malignancy and exposure to diethlystilboestrol. We herein report a case of acquired uterine AVM located on the right lateral wall after intrauterine instrumentation for laparoscopic left salpingectomy due to left tubal pregnancy. The patient was successfully treated with embolization. PMID:25264537

  16. Laparoscopic liver mobilization: tricks of the trade to avoid complications.

    PubMed

    Ikoma, Naruhiko; Itano, Osamu; Oshima, Go; Kitagawa, Yuko

    2015-02-01

    Laparoscopic liver resection is gaining popularity because of the availability of new laparoscopic instruments and advanced techniques. Laparoscopic liver mobilization is not only necessary for pure laparoscopic liver resection but also for laparoscopy-assisted hepatectomy. Laparoscopy-assisted hepatectomy significantly reduces the length of the laparotomy incision, and it is a good educational transition to the more advanced laparoscopic liver resection. Laparoscopic liver mobilization is a simple and easy procedure if surgeons know what challenges to expect. Here, the technique of liver mobilization is summarized, along with those challenges. PMID:25370795

  17. Laparoscopic Liver Mobilization: Tricks of the Trade to Avoid Complications

    PubMed Central

    Ikoma, Naruhiko; Oshima, Go; Kitagawa, Yuko

    2015-01-01

    Laparoscopic liver resection is gaining popularity because of the availability of new laparoscopic instruments and advanced techniques. Laparoscopic liver mobilization is not only necessary for pure laparoscopic liver resection but also for laparoscopy-assisted hepatectomy. Laparoscopy-assisted hepatectomy significantly reduces the length of the laparotomy incision, and it is a good educational transition to the more advanced laparoscopic liver resection. Laparoscopic liver mobilization is a simple and easy procedure if surgeons know what challenges to expect. Here, the technique of liver mobilization is summarized, along with those challenges. PMID:25370795

  18. Carpal Ligament Anatomy and Biomechanics.

    PubMed

    Pulos, Nicholas; Bozentka, David J

    2015-08-01

    A fundamental understanding of the ligamentous anatomy of the wrist is critical for any physician attempting to treat carpal instability. The anatomy of the wrist is complex, not only because of the number of named structures and their geometry but also because of the inconsistencies in describing these ligaments. The complex anatomy of the wrist is described through a review of the carpal ligaments and their effect on normal carpal motion. Mastery of this topic facilitates the physician's understanding of the patterns of instability that are seen clinically. PMID:26205699

  19. WebAnatomy.net

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Swan, Jim

    With a longtime presence on the web, Professor Jim Swan of the University of New Mexico has created a fine set of online anatomy and physiology resources that he uses in his courses on a regular basis. Students of the human body will also want to avail themselves of these materials, which include sets of pathology images and slides that cover such conditions as coronary artery thrombosis, atherosclerosis, and so on. One rather handy section includes weblab modules that introduce acolytes to the world of the heart, the lungs, and the digestive system through slides and interactive photos. The site is rounded out by the �Virtual Microscope� area, which includes detailed slides and explanations of cartilage, bone, blood, and muscular tissue.

  20. Pelvic Insufficiency Fracture After Pelvic Radiotherapy for Cervical Cancer: Analysis of Risk Factors

    SciTech Connect

    Oh, Dongryul [Department of Radiation Oncology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Huh, Seung Jae [Department of Radiation Oncology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)], E-mail: Sj5201.huh@samsung.com; Nam, Heerim; Park, Won; Han, Youngyih; Lim, Do Hoon; Ahn, Yong Chan [Department of Radiation Oncology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Jeong Won; Kim, Byoung Gie; Bae, Duk Soo; Lee, Je Ho [Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2008-03-15

    Purpose: To investigate the incidence, clinical characteristics, and risk factors of pelvic insufficiency fracture (PIF) after pelvic radiotherapy (RT) in cervical cancer. Methods and Materials: Medical records and imaging studies, including bone scintigraphy, CT, and MRI of 557 patients with cervical cancer who received whole-pelvic RT between January 1998 and August 2005 were reviewed. Results: Eighty-three patients were diagnosed as having PIF after pelvic RT. The 5-year cumulative incidence of PIF was 19.7%. The most commonly involved site was the sacroiliac joint. Pelvic pain developed in 48 patients (57.8%) at diagnosis. Eleven patients (13.3%) needed admission or narcotics because of severe pain, and others had good relief of symptoms with conservative management. In univariate analysis, age {>=}55 years (p < 0.001), anteroposterior/posteroanterior parallel opposing technique (p = 0.001), curative treatment (p < 0.001), and radiation dose {>=}50.4 Gy (p = 0.005) were the predisposing factors for development of PIF. Concurrent chemotherapy (p = 0.78) was not significant. Multivariate analysis showed that age {>=}55 years (p < 0.001), body weight <55 kg (p = 0.02), curative treatment (p = 0.03), and radiation dose {>=}50.4 Gy (p = 0.04) were significant predisposing factors for development of PIF. Conclusion: The development of PIF is not rare after pelvic RT. The use of multibeam arrangements to reduce the volume and dose of irradiated pelvic bone can be helpful to minimize the risk of fracture, especially in elderly women with low body weight.

  1. Please complete and give to Karen Evans in 401 MREB Neurobiology & AnatomyNeurobiology & Anatomy

    E-print Network

    Alvarado, Alejandro Sánchez

    Please complete and give to Karen Evans in 401 MREB Neurobiology & AnatomyNeurobiology & Anatomy: Microbiology Neuroscience Anatomy Lab Name: Lab Location: Lab Ph #: Bldg. Rm # EMERGENCY CONTACT INFORMATION

  2. Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy During Pregnancy: Three Case Reports

    PubMed Central

    Menzo, Emanuele Lo; Smink, Robert D.; Feuerstein, Brandt; Fantazzio, Michelle; Kaufman, Jarrod; Brennan, Edward J.; Russell, Randal

    1999-01-01

    Objective: The purpose of this presentation is to investi-gate the effects and feasibility of laparoscopic cholecystectomy during pregnancy. Methods and Procedures: We present three pregnant patients who underwent a laparoscopic cholecystectomy for biliary colic during the early second and early third trimester of pregnancy. We also reviewed the literature regarding this topic. Results: All three pregnant patients had uneventful hospital courses after their procedures and delivered full-term babies without complications. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy during the first trimester of pregnancy is contraindicated due to the ongoing fetal organogenesis and during the third trimester is not technically feasible due to the large uterine size. Conclusions: We conclude that laparoscopic cholecystectomy during the second and very early third trimester of pregnancy is safe and feasible. PMID:10323173

  3. LAPAROSCOPIC BOWEL INJURY: INCIDENCE AND CLINICAL PRESENTATION

    Microsoft Academic Search

    JAY T. BISHOFF; MOHAMAD E. ALLAF; WIM KIRKELS; ROBERT G. MOORE; LOUIS R. KAVOUSSI; FRITZ SCHRODER

    1999-01-01

    PurposeBowel injury is a potential complication of any abdominal or retroperitoneal surgical procedure. We determine the incidence and assess the sequelae of laparoscopic bowel injury, and identify signs and symptoms of an unrecognized injury.

  4. Minimizing knot tying during reconstructive laparoscopic urology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Arieh L. Shalhav; Marcelo A. Orvieto; Gary W. Chien; Albert A. Mikhail; Gregory P. Zagaja; Kevin C. Zorn

    2006-01-01

    ObjectivesIntracorporeal knot tying during urologic reconstructive surgery is one of the most technically challenging skills of laparoscopic surgery. We describe our experience using the Lapra-Ty clip to substitute for knot tying.

  5. LYMPHATIC SPARING LAPAROSCOPIC VARICOCELECTOMY: A MICROSURGICAL REPAIR

    Microsoft Academic Search

    RADIM KO?VARA; JAN DVO?Á?EK; JOSEF SEDLÁ?EK

    2005-01-01

    Purpose:The division of lymphatic vessels during pediatric varicocelectomy is complicated by hydrocele formation, testicular hypertrophy due to intratesticular edema and decline in testicular function. To prevent these complications, we introduced a microsurgical lymphatic sparing dissection into laparoscopic varicocelectomy.

  6. Evaluation of pelvic floor muscle strength using four different techniques.

    PubMed

    Peschers, U M; Gingelmaier, A; Jundt, K; Leib, B; Dimpfl, T

    2001-01-01

    The aim of the study was to evaluate whether four different techniques were able to correctly measure pelvic floor muscle strength only. Sixteen volunteers performed a set of muscle contractions using the pelvic floor muscles (PFM) only, the abdominal muscles with and without PFM, gluteal muscles with and without PFM, adductor muscles with and without PFM and Valsalva maneuver with and without PFM. Pelvic floor muscle strength was evaluated by digital palpation, intravaginal EMG, pressure perineometry and perineal ultrasound. A 'non-pelvic muscle induced' reading was defined as a significant increase even though the pelvic floor muscles were not contracted. Results were as follows: isolated abdominal muscle contraction: non-pelvic muscle induced readings in 3/8 women with EMG and in 3/8 with pressure perineometry; isolated gluteal muscle contraction: non-pelvic muscle induced readings in 1/2 women with EMG perineometry; isolated adductor muscle contraction: non-pelvic muscle induced readings in 6/11 women with EMG perineometry and in 2/11 women with pressure perineometry; Valsalva maneuver: non-pelvic muscle induced readings in 4/9 women with EMG perineometry and 9/9 women with pressure perineometry. It was concluded that EMG and pressure perineometry do not selectively depict pelvic floor muscle activity. PMID:11294527

  7. Incidence of complications following laparoscopic hernioplasty

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. H. Phillips; M. Arregui; B. J. Carroll; J. Corbitt; W. B. Crafton; M. J. Fallas; C. Filipi; R. J. Fitzgibbons; M. J. Franklin; B. McKernan; D. Olsen; A. Ortega; J. H. Payne; J. Peters; R. Rodriguez; P. Rosette; L. Schultz; A. Seid; R. Sewell; R. Smoot; F. Toy; R. Waddell; S. Watson

    1995-01-01

    Smaller individual series on the outcome of laparoscopic hernioplasty techniques have been reported. This study reports on the complications of 3,229 laparoscopic hernia repairs performed by the authors in 2,559 patients. The TAPP (transabdominal preperitoneal) technique was the most frequently performed: 1,944 (60%). The totally preperitoneal technique was performed 578 (18%) times. The IPOM (intraperitoneal onlay mesh) repair was performed

  8. Laparoscopic cardiomyotomy and anterior partial fundoplication forachalasia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. Ackroyd; D. I. Watson; P. G. Devitt; G. G. Jamieson

    2001-01-01

      Background: Although surgical myotomy is considered the gold standard, many different treatments have been advocated for achalasia.\\u000a There are now a number of reports of cardiomyotomy being performed laparoscopically. Methods: This is a prospective study\\u000a of 82 patients (47 male and 35 female; median age, 47 years) who underwent laparoscopic cardiomyotomy and anterior partial\\u000a fundoplication for achalasia. Results: Four of

  9. In vivo kinematic measurement during laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Rasmus; R. Riener; S. Reiter; A. Schneider; H. Feussner I

    2004-01-01

    Background  Despite the rapid development of computer-assisted surgery, studies on kinematic measurement for surgical innovation are rare.\\u000a This study describes a system for kinematic measurement in real operating theater environments. Six laparoscopic cholecystectomies\\u000a were recorded and analyzed. In addition to, a demonstration of the feasibility of the method, basis data for the development\\u000a of an actuated laparoscopic camera holder are evaluated.

  10. Laparoscopic Approaches to Pancreatic Endocrine Tumors

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John B. Martinie; Stephen M. Smeaton

    \\u000a Pancreatic endocrine tumors (PETs) are rare. Resection is the only curative treatment [1, 2]. A brief overview of the pathophysiology\\u000a and classification of PETs along with epidemiology and survival data is presented. The role of various diagnostic imaging\\u000a modalities is discussed and appropriate patient selection is presented as a guide. Laparoscopic and hand-assisted laparoscopic\\u000a (HALS) approaches to distal pancreatectomy, with

  11. Laparoscopic nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Isaac Yi Kim; Peter G. Schulam

    2001-01-01

    Since the first reported case of laparoscopic nephrectomy by Clayman et al. [1] in 1991, laparoscopy is gaining acceptance as a viable alternative to open surgery for renal cell carcinoma. The benefits\\u000a of laparoscopy include improved quality of life and lower incidence of perioperative morbidity. The perceived risks of laparoscopic\\u000a nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma include port-site metastasis, increased operative

  12. Dosimetric intercomparison for multicenter clinical trials using a patient-based anatomic pelvic phantom

    SciTech Connect

    Ebert, M. A.; Harrison, K. M.; Howlett, S. J.; Cornes, D.; Bulsara, M.; Hamilton, C. S.; Kron, T.; Joseph, D. J.; Denham, J. W. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital, Western Australia 6009, Australia and School of Physics, University of Western Australia, 6009 Australia (Australia); Department of Radiation Oncology, Calvary Mater Newcastle, Waratah, New South Wales 2298 (Australia); Australasian College of Physical Scientists and Engineers in Medicine, Mascot, New South Wales 2020 (Australia); Trans-Tasman Radiation Oncology Group, Calvary Mater Newcastle, New South Wales 2298 (Australia); Institute of Health and Rehabilitation Research, University of Notre Dame, Fremantle, Western Australia 6160 (Australia); Heidelberg Repatriation Hospital, Victoria 3084 (Australia); Department of Physical Sciences, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Victoria 3002 (Australia); Department of Radiation Oncology, Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital, Western Australia 6009, Australia and School of Surgery, University of Western Australia, Western Australia 6009 (Australia); Department of Radiation Oncology, Calvary Mater Newcastle, Waratah, New South Wales 2298, Australia and School of Medicine and Population Health, University of Newcastle, New South Wales 2308 (Australia)

    2011-09-15

    Purpose: To assess dose delivery accuracy to clinically significant points in a realistic patient geometry for two separate pelvic radiotherapy scenarios. Methods: An inhomogeneous pelvic phantom was transported to 36 radiotherapy centers in Australia and New Zealand. The phantom was treated according to Phase III rectal and prostate trial protocols. Point dose measurements were made with thermoluminescent dosimeters (TLDs) and an ionisation chamber. Comprehensive site-demographic, treatment planning, and physical data were collected for correlation with measurement outcomes. Results: Dose delivery to the prescription point for the rectal treatment was consistent with planned dose (mean difference between planned and measured dose - 0.1 {+-} 0.3% std err). Dose delivery in the region of the sacral hollow was consistently higher than planned (+1.2 {+-} 0.2%). For the prostate treatment, dose delivery to the prostate volume was consistent with planned doses (-0.49 {+-} 0.2%) and planned dose uniformity, though with a tendency to underdose the PTV at the prostate-rectal border. Measured out-of-field doses were significantly higher than planned. Conclusions: A phantom based on realistic anatomy and heterogeneity can be used to comprehensively assess the influence of multiple aspects of the radiotherapy treatment process on dose delivery. The ability to verify dose delivery for two trials with a single phantom was advantageous.

  13. Skill accreditation system for laparoscopic gastroenterologic surgeons in Japan.

    PubMed

    Mori, Toshiyuki; Kimura, Taizo; Kitajima, Masaki

    2010-01-01

    The Japan Society for Endoscopic Surgery (JSES) has established an Endoscopic Surgical Skill Qualification System and started examination in 2004. Non-edited videotapes were assessed by two judges in a double-blinded fashion with strict criteria. Two kinds of criteria, namely common and procedure-specific, were prepared. The common criteria were designed to evaluate set-ups, autonomy of the operator, display of the surgical field, recognition of surgical anatomy, co-operation of the surgical team. The procedure-specific criteria were made to assess the operation in a step-by-step fashion. In total, out of 1.114 surgeons who were assessed by this qualification system over a period of four years, 537 (48.2%) have been accredited. The qualification rate in each surgical field has remained at the same level of 40 to 50% to date. Inter-rater agreement of two judges was low at 0.31 in the first year, but improved with revision of the criteria and consensus meetings. Surgeons assessed by this system as qualified experienced less frequent complications when compared to those who failed. This system has impacted on the improvement and standardization of laparoscopic surgery in Japan. PMID:20095893

  14. Functional MRI of the Pelvic Floor

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tanja Fischer; Andreas Lienemann

    Taking all the above-mentioned into account, indications for functional cine MRI still remain controversial. The method itself\\u000a is not yet standardized, and so far only a 2D approach for functional imaging of the pelvic floor exists. With the advance\\u000a of fast “parallel imaging” a stack of two to three slices within the same acquisition time seems possible.\\u000a \\u000a In patients with

  15. Delaying pelvic exams to encourage contraceptive use.

    PubMed

    Donovan, P

    1992-01-01

    The Family Planning Council of Southeastern Pennsylvania created a project called Start Smart, permitting some new adolescent clients to delay blood tests and pelvic exams up to 6 months after their oral contraceptive prescription. The rationale for the trial is the perception that fear of the pelvic exam is one of the reasons why teen women delay coming to medical care for contraception for 1 year on average after becoming sexually active. 5 clinics participated in the pilot trial from November 1988 to March 1990, giving anticipatory counseling and follow-up telephone calls to all young women in the program, and permitting postponement of the medical work-up to certain teens in 3 of the clinics. Special waivers from the Department of Health and Human Services were needed to permit the exception under Title K. These women had a comprehensive family, social, and medical history, weight, height, blood pressure, urinalysis, and pregnancy test. 627 teens aged 11-17 participated in the pilot trail; 90% were already sexually active; 33% had been so for 1 year; 25% had never used contraception. 25% decided to delay pelvic exams and 40% elected to delay blood tests. Most accepted pelvic exams on their 2nd visit. Those who delayed attended the clinic slightly more often than did others. Although there were no significant results, there were also no adverse medical consequences, such as missed sexually transmitted disease infections. The staff participating in this trial thought the teens had an added sense of control over their medical care. PMID:1628718

  16. Automated Instrument Tracking in Robotically-Assisted Laparoscopic Surgery

    E-print Network

    Wang, Yuan-Fang

    Automated Instrument Tracking in Robotically-Assisted Laparoscopic Surgery Darrin R. Uecker automated instrument localization and scope maneuvering in robotically-assisted laparoscopic surgery efficient in performing surgery without requiring additional use of the hands. Key Words: Laparoscopy

  17. Pelvic position and movement during hip replacement.

    PubMed

    Grammatopoulos, G; Pandit, H G; da Assunção, R; Taylor, A; McLardy-Smith, P; De Smet, K A; Murray, D W; Gill, H S

    2014-07-01

    The orientation of the acetabular component is influenced not only by the orientation at which the surgeon implants the component, but also the orientation of the pelvis at the time of implantation. Hence, the orientation of the pelvis at set-up and its movement during the operation, are important. During 67 hip replacements, using a validated photogrammetric technique, we measured how three surgeons orientated the patient's pelvis, how much the pelvis moved during surgery, and what effect these had on the final orientation of the acetabular component. Pelvic orientation at set-up, varied widely (mean (± 2, standard deviation (sd))): tilt 8° (2sd ± 32), obliquity -4° (2sd ± 12), rotation -8° (2sd ± 14). Significant differences in pelvic positioning were detected between surgeons (p < 0.001). The mean angular movement of the pelvis between set-up and component implantation was 9° (sd 6). Factors influencing pelvic movement included surgeon, approach (posterior > lateral), procedure (hip resurfacing > total hip replacement) and type of support (p < 0.001). Although, on average, surgeons achieved their desired acetabular component orientation, there was considerable variability (2sd ± 16) in component orientation. We conclude that inconsistency in positioning the patient at set-up and movement of the pelvis during the operation account for much of the variation in acetabular component orientation. Improved methods of positioning and holding the pelvis are required. PMID:24986939

  18. Postural mechatronic assistant for laparoscopic solo surgery (PMASS)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Arturo Minor Martinez; Jesús Villalobos Gomez; Ricardo Ordorica Flores; Daniel Lorias Espinoza

    2009-01-01

    Background and purpose  Laparoscopes used in laparoscopic surgery are manipulated by human means, passive systems or robotic systems. All three methods\\u000a accumulate downtime when the laparoscope is cleaned and the optical perspective is adjusted. This work proposes a new navigation\\u000a system that autonomously handles the laparoscope, with a view to reducing latency, and that allows real-time adjustment of\\u000a the visual perspective.

  19. Pelvic Vein Embolisation in the Management of Varicose Veins

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lakshmi A. Ratnam; Petra Marsh; Judy M. Holdstock; Charmaine S. Harrison; Fuad F. Hussain; Mark S. Whiteley; Anthony Lopez

    2008-01-01

    Pelvic vein incompetence is common in patients with atypical varicose veins, contributing to their recurrence after surgery.\\u000a Therefore, refluxing pelvic veins should be identified and treated. We present our experience with pelvic vein embolisation\\u000a in patients presenting with varicose veins. Patients presenting with varicose veins with a duplex-proven contribution from\\u000a perivulval veins undergo transvaginal duplex sonography (TVUS) to identify refluxing

  20. Human pelvic extramural ganglion cells: a semiquantitative and immunohistochemical study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kanoko Imai; Kenichi Furuya; Michihiro Kawada; Yusuke Kinugasa; Kiichi Omote; Akiyoshi Namiki; Eiichi Uchiyama; Gen Murakami

    2006-01-01

    In pelvic surgery, much attention is paid to nerve bundles but not to ganglion cells. Using serial section histology of 14\\u000a postmortem-treated hemipelvis (eight males, six females; mean, 79 years old), we examined the population number, distribution,\\u000a and tyrosine hydroxylase-immunoreactivity (TH-IR; suggesting sympathetic neurons) of extramural pelvic ganglion cells. All\\u000a pelvic ganglion cells were uniformly sized (25–30 ?m) contrasting with small intramural

  1. Minimally Invasive Therapies for Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Salim A. Wehbe; Jennifer Y. Fariello; Kristene Whitmore

    2010-01-01

    Chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS) is a common problem among men and women worldwide. It is a symptoms-complex term for interstitial\\u000a cystitis\\/painful bladder syndrome in women and chronic prostatitis\\/chronic pelvic pain syndrome in men. Patients often present\\u000a with a combination of lower urinary tract symptoms with pelvic pain and sexual dysfunction. No gold standard exists for diagnosis\\u000a or treatment of

  2. Laparoscopic splenectomy using conventional instruments

    PubMed Central

    Dalvi, A. N.; Thapar, P. M.; Deshpande, A. A.; Rege, S. A.; Prabhu, R. Y.; Supe, A. N.; Kamble, R. S.

    2005-01-01

    Introduction: Laparoscopic splenectomy (LS) is an accepted procedure for elective splenectomy. Advancement in technology has extended the possibility of LS in massive splenomegaly [Choy et al., J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 14(4), 197–200 (2004)], trauma [Ren et al., Surg Endosc 15(3), 324 (2001); Mostafa et al., Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech 12(4), 283–286 (2002)], and cirrhosis with portal hypertension [Hashizume et al., Hepatogastroenterology 49(45), 847–852 (2002)]. In a developing country, these advanced gadgets may not be always available. We performed LS using conventional and reusable instruments in a public teaching the hospital without the use of the advanced technology. The technique of LS and the outcome in these patients is reported. Materials and Methods: Patients undergoing LS for various hematological disorders from 1998 to 2004 were included. Electrocoagulation, clips, and intracorporeal knotting were the techniques used for tackling short-gastric vessels and splenic pedicle. Specimen was delivered through a Pfannensteil incision. Results: A total of 26 patients underwent LS. Twenty-two (85%) of patients had spleen size more than 500 g (average weight being 942.55 g). Mean operative time was 214 min (45–390 min). The conversion rate was 11.5% (n = 3). Average duration of stay was 5.65 days (3–30 days). Accessory spleen was detected and successfully removed in two patients. One patient developed subphrenic abscess. There was no mortality. There was no recurrence of hematological disease. Conclusion: Laparoscopic splenectomy using conventional equipment and instruments is safe and effective. Advanced technology has a definite advantage but is not a deterrent to the practice of LS. PMID:21206648

  3. Laparoscopic duodenoduodenostomy for duodenal atresia.

    PubMed

    Bax, N M; Ure, B M; van der Zee, D C; van Tuijl, I

    2001-02-01

    A 3,220-g newborn baby with trisomy 21 presented with duodenal atresia. No other congenital malformations were diagnosed. Informed consent for a laparoscopic approach was obtained. The child was placed in a supine, head-up position slightly rotated to the left at the end of a shortened operating table. The surgeon stood at the bottom end with the cameraperson to his left and the scrub nurse to his right. The screen was at the right upper end. Open insertion of a cannula for a 5-mm 30 degrees telescope through the inferior umbilical fold was performed. A carbon dioxide (CO2) pneumoperitoneum with a pressure of 8 mmHg and a flow of 2l/min was established. Two 3.3-mm working cannulas were inserted; one in the left hypogastrium and one pararectally on the right at the umbilical level. Two more such cannulas were inserted; one under the xyphoid for a liver elevator and one in the right hypogastrium for a sucker. Mobilization of the dilated upper and collapsed lower duodenum was easy. After transverse enterotomy of the upper duodenum and longitudinal enterotomy of the distal duodenum, a diamond-shaped anastomosis with interrupted 5 zero Vicryl sutures were performed. The absence of air in the bowel beyond the atresia increased the working space and greatly facilitated the procedure. The technique proved to be easy, and the child did very well. Laparoscopic bowel anastomosis in newborn babies had not been described previously. Recently, a diamond-shaped duodenoduodenostomy for duodenal atresia was performed. The technique proved to be simple and is described in detail. The child did very well. PMID:12200660

  4. Morgagni hernia: Repair with a mesh using laparoscopic surgery

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Albarracín Marín-Blazquez; M. F. Candel; P. A. Parra; M. Méndez; J. Ródenas; M. J. Rojas; F. Carrión; M. Madrigal

    2004-01-01

    The aim of this study is to present two patients diagnosed with diaphragmatic Morgagni hernia and treated by repairing the hernia defect with a mesh by laparoscopic surgery. We describe the placement of a double-layer mesh anchored with helicoidal staples to repair the hernia defect using laparoscopic surgery. Laparoscopic surgery allows repair of these defects whilst avoiding the disadvantages of

  5. Role and Limitations of Laparoscopic Liver Resection of Colorectal Metastases

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tom Mala; Bjørn Edwin

    2005-01-01

    Background: The current experience of laparoscopic liver resection is reviewed focusing on the role and limitations of resection of colorectal metastases. Surgical technique, outcome, and the main controversies regarding the procedures are described. Methods: Current literature on laparoscopic liver resection is reviewed based on reports identified following a specified PubMed search. Results: Available evidence indicates that laparoscopic liver resection can

  6. A study of 362 consecutive laparoscopic Nissen fundoplications

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Constantine T Frantzides; Christina Richards

    1998-01-01

    Background: Open Nissen fundoplication has been shown to be a very effective operation in the treatment of intractable gastroesophageal reflux. Because of its technical rather than amputative nature, this procedure offers itself to a completely laparoscopic approach. Several studies have shown the feasibility; however, very few have dealt with the effectiveness of the laparoscopic approach. Methods: Results of laparoscopic Nissen

  7. [Dental anatomy of dogs].

    PubMed

    2014-12-01

    The aim of the research was to investigate dog teeth anatomy as animal model for study of etiopathogenesis of caries disease and physiological tooth wear in human. After examining the dog's dental system, following conclusions were drawn: the dog has 42 permanent teeth, which are distributed over the dental arches not equally, and so the upper dentition consists of 20, and the lower of 22 teeth. The largest are considered upper fourth premolar and lower first molars, which are called discordant teeth. Between discordant teeth and fangs a dog has an open bite, which is limited to the top and bottom conical crown premolar teeth. Thus, in the closed position of the jaws, behind this occlusion is limited by discordant teeth, just in contact are smaller in size two molars. Only large dog's molars in a valid comparison can be likened to human molars, which allows us to use them in an analog comparison between them with further study of the morphological features ensure durability short-crown teeth and their predisposition to caries. PMID:25617107

  8. The place of surface anatomy in the medical literature and undergraduate anatomy textbooks.

    PubMed

    Azer, Samy A

    2013-01-01

    The aims of this review were to examine the place of surface anatomy in the medical literature, particularly the methods and approaches used in teaching surface and living anatomy and assess commonly used anatomy textbooks in regard to their surface anatomy contents. PubMed and MEDLINE databases were searched using the following keywords "surface anatomy," "living anatomy," "teaching surface anatomy," "bony landmarks," "peer examination" and "dermatomes". The percentage of pages covering surface anatomy in each textbook was calculated as well as the number of images covering surface anatomy. Clarity, quality and adequacy of surface anatomy contents was also examined. The search identified 22 research papers addressing methods used in teaching surface anatomy, 31 papers that can help in the improvement of surface anatomy curriculum, and 12 anatomy textbooks. These teaching methods included: body painting, peer volunteer surface anatomy, use of a living anatomy model, real time ultrasound, virtual (visible) human dissector (VHD), full body digital x-ray of cadavers (Lodox(®) Statscan(®) images) combined with palpating landmarks on peers and the cadaver, as well as the use of collaborative, contextual and self-directed learning. Nineteen of these studies were published in the period from 2006 to 2013. The 31 papers covered evidence-based and clinically-applied surface anatomy. The percentage of surface anatomy in textbooks' contents ranged from 0 to 6.2 with an average of 3.4%. The number of medical illustrations on surface anatomy varied from 0 to 135. In conclusion, although there has been a progressive increase in publications addressing methods used in teaching surface anatomy over the last six to seven years, most anatomy textbooks do not provide students with adequate information about surface anatomy. Only three textbooks provided a solid explanation and foundation of understanding surface anatomy. PMID:23650274

  9. Overview of the Role of Imaging in Pelvic Exenteration.

    PubMed

    Sagebiel, Tara L; Viswanathan, Chitra; Patnana, Madhavi; Devine, Catherine E; Frumovitz, Michael; Bhosale, Priya R

    2015-01-01

    Pelvic exenteration is a radical surgery that is used in an attempt to cure patients with locally advanced central pelvic malignancies. Exenteration is a salvage operation that is considered only after other therapies, such as chemoradiation, have been exhausted. The high morbidity from exenteration's multiorgan resection warrants careful patient selection. Preoperative imaging plays a major role in the selection process, allowing the exclusion of patients with unresectable pelvic disease or distant metastases. Imaging is also crucial to surgical planning, providing the surgeon with a map of the distribution and extent of the pelvic disease. (©)RSNA, 2015. PMID:26172363

  10. Dynamic Magnetic Resonance Imaging Demonstrates the Integrity of Perineal Reconstruction following Cylindrical Abdominoperineal Excision with Reconstruction of the Pelvic Floor Using Porcine Collagen.

    PubMed

    Kavanagh, D O; Imran, H; Almoudaris, A; Ziprin, P; Faiz, O

    2012-01-01

    A 72-year-old female presented with a six-month history of increased frequency of defecation, rectal bleeding, and severe rectal pain. Digital rectal examination and endoscopy revealed a low rectal lesion lying anteriorly. This was confirmed histologically as adenocarcinoma. Radiological staging was consistent with a T(3)N(2) rectal tumour. Following long-course chemoradiotherapy repeat staging did not identify any metastatic disease. She underwent a laparoscopic cylindrical abdominoperineal excision with en bloc resection of the coccyx and posterior wall of the vagina with a negative circumferential resection margin. The perineal defect was reconstructed with Permacol (biological implant, Covidien) mesh. She had no clinical evidence of a perineal hernia at serial followup. Dynamic MRI images of the pelvic floor obtained during valsalva at 10 months revealed an intact pelvic floor. A control case that had undergone a conventional abdominoperineal excision with primary perineal closure without clinical evidence of herniation was also imaged. This confirmed subclinical perineal herniation with significant downward migration of the bowel and bladder below the pubococcygeal line. We eagerly await further evidence supporting a role for dynamic MR imaging in assessing the integrity of a reconstructed pelvic floor following cylindrical abdominoperineal excision. PMID:22312372

  11. Dynamic Magnetic Resonance Imaging Demonstrates the Integrity of Perineal Reconstruction following Cylindrical Abdominoperineal Excision with Reconstruction of the Pelvic Floor Using Porcine Collagen

    PubMed Central

    Kavanagh, D. O.; Imran, H.; Almoudaris, A.; Ziprin, P.; Faiz, O.

    2012-01-01

    A 72-year-old female presented with a six-month history of increased frequency of defecation, rectal bleeding, and severe rectal pain. Digital rectal examination and endoscopy revealed a low rectal lesion lying anteriorly. This was confirmed histologically as adenocarcinoma. Radiological staging was consistent with a T3N2 rectal tumour. Following long-course chemoradiotherapy repeat staging did not identify any metastatic disease. She underwent a laparoscopic cylindrical abdominoperineal excision with en bloc resection of the coccyx and posterior wall of the vagina with a negative circumferential resection margin. The perineal defect was reconstructed with Permacol (biological implant, Covidien) mesh. She had no clinical evidence of a perineal hernia at serial followup. Dynamic MRI images of the pelvic floor obtained during valsalva at 10 months revealed an intact pelvic floor. A control case that had undergone a conventional abdominoperineal excision with primary perineal closure without clinical evidence of herniation was also imaged. This confirmed subclinical perineal herniation with significant downward migration of the bowel and bladder below the pubococcygeal line. We eagerly await further evidence supporting a role for dynamic MR imaging in assessing the integrity of a reconstructed pelvic floor following cylindrical abdominoperineal excision. PMID:22312372

  12. Feasibility and Safety of Outpatient Total Laparoscopic Hysterectomy

    PubMed Central

    Lemyre, Madeleine; Couture, Vanessa; Bernier, Gabrielle; Laberge, Philippe Y.

    2015-01-01

    Background and Objective: Ambulatory total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) could lead to significant cost savings, but some fear the effects of what could be premature postsurgical discharge. We sought to estimate the feasibility and safety of TLH as an outpatient procedure for benign gynecologic conditions. Methods: We report a prospective, consecutive case series of 128 outpatient TLHs performed for benign gynecologic conditions in a tertiary care center. Results: Of the 295 women scheduled for a TLH, 151 (51%) were attempted as an outpatient procedure. A total of 128 women (85%) were actually discharged home the day of their surgery. The most common reasons for admission the same day were urinary retention (19%) and nausea (15%). Indications for hysterectomy were mainly leiomyomas (62%), menorrhagia (24%), and pelvic pain (9%). Endometriosis and adhesions were found in 23% and 25% of the cases, respectively. Mean estimated blood loss was 56 mL and mean uterus weight was 215 g, with the heaviest uterus weighing 841 g. Unplanned consultation and readmission were infrequent, occurring in 3.1% and 0.8% of cases, respectively, in the first 72 hours. At 3 months, unplanned consultation, complication, and readmission had occurred in a similar proportion of inpatient and outpatient TLHs (17.2%, 12.5%, and 4.7% versus 18.1%, 12.7%, and 5.4%, respectively). In a logistic regression model, uterus weight, presence of adhesions or endometriosis, and duration of the operation were not associated with adverse outcomes. Conclusion: Same-day discharge is a feasible and safe option for carefully selected patients who undergo an uncomplicated TLH, even in the presence of leiomyomas, severe adhesions, or endometriosis. PMID:25788825

  13. Syllabus Human Anatomy and Human Anatomy Laboratory -Biol 350 Spring 2014 page 1 of 10

    E-print Network

    Houde, Peter

    Syllabus Human Anatomy and Human Anatomy Laboratory - Biol 350 Spring 2014 page 1 of 10 Welcome to Human Anatomy! Except for those destined for medical or dental school, it is assumed that students in this course will not enroll in additional anatomy courses. Thus, it is necessary for this course to provide

  14. Syllabus Human Anatomy and Human Anatomy Laboratory -Biol 350 Fall 2014 page 1 of 10

    E-print Network

    Houde, Peter

    Syllabus Human Anatomy and Human Anatomy Laboratory - Biol 350 Fall 2014 page 1 of 10 Welcome to Human Anatomy! Except for those destined for medical or dental school, it is assumed that students in this course will not enroll in additional anatomy courses. Thus, it is necessary for this course to provide

  15. Image acquisition in laparoscopic and endoscopic surgery

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gill, Brijesh S.; Georgeson, Keith E.; Hardin, William D., Jr.

    1995-04-01

    Laparoscopic and endoscopic surgery rely uniquely on high quality display of acquired images, but a multitude of problems plague the researcher who attempts to reproduce such images for educational purposes. Some of these are intrinsic limitations of current laparoscopic/endoscopic visualization systems, while others are artifacts solely of the process used to acquire and reproduce such images. Whatever the genesis of these problems, a glance at current literature will reveal the extent to which endoscopy suffers from an inability to reproduce what the surgeon sees during a procedure. The major intrinsic limitation to the acquisition of high-quality still images from laparoscopic procedures lies in the inability to couple directly a camera to the laparoscope. While many systems have this capability, this is useful mostly for otolaryngologists, who do not maintain a sterile field around their scopes. For procedures in which a sterile field must be maintained, one trial method has been to use a beam splitter to send light both to the still camera and the digital video camera. This is no solution, however, since this results in low quality still images as well as a degradation of the image that the surgeon must use to operate, something no surgeon tolerates lightly. Researchers thus must currently rely on other methods for producing images from a laparoscopic procedure. Most manufacturers provide an optional slide or print maker that provides a hardcopy output from the processed composite video signal. The results achieved from such devices are marginal, to say the least. This leaves only one avenue for possible image production, the videotape record of an endoscopic or laparoscopic operation. Video frame grabbing is at least a problem to which industry has applied considerable time and effort to solving. Our own experience with computerized enhancement of videotape frames has been very promising. Computer enhancement allows the researcher to correct several of the shortcomings of both laparoscopic video systems and videotapes, namely color imperfections, scanline problems, and lack of image resolution for later display. We present a history of laparoscopic imaging, the current state of the art, and future prospects for high-resolution images from laparoscopic and endoscopic systems.

  16. Laparoscopic Ureteroneocystostomy for Ureteral Injuries After Hysterectomy

    PubMed Central

    Pompeo, Alexandre; Molina, Wilson R.; Sehrt, David; Tobias-Machado, Marcos; Mariano Costa, Renato M.; Pompeo, Antonio Carlos Lima

    2013-01-01

    Objectives: To examine the feasibility of early laparoscopic ureteroneocystostomy for ureteral obstruction due to hysterectomy injury. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed a 10-y experience from 2 institutions in patients who underwent early (<30 d) or late (>30 d) laparoscopic ureteroneocystostomy for ureteral injury after hysterectomy. Evaluation of the surgery included the cause of the stricture and intraoperative and postoperative outcomes. Results: A total of 9 patients with distal ureteral injury after hysterectomy were identified. All injuries were identified and treated as early as 21 d after hysterectomy. Seven of 9 patients underwent open hysterectomy, and the remaining patients had vaginal and laparoscopic radical hysterectomy. All ureteroneocystostomy cases were managed laparoscopically without conversion to open surgery and without any intraoperative complications. The Lich-Gregoir reimplantation technique was applied in all patients, and 2 patients required a psoas hitch. The mean operative time was 206.6 min (range, 120–280 min), the mean estimated blood loss was 122.2 cc (range, 25–350 cc), and the mean admission time was 3.3 d (range, 1–7 d). Cystography showed no urine leak when the ureteral stent was removed at 4 to 6 wk after the procedure. Ureteroneocystostomy patency was followed up with cystography at 6 mo and at least 10 y after ureteroneocystostomy. Conclusion: Early laparoscopic ureteral reimplantation may offer an alternative surgical approach to open surgery for the management of distal ureteral injuries, with favorable cosmetic results and recovery time from ureteral obstruction due to hysterectomy injury. PMID:23743383

  17. Evaluation of Fundus-First Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

    PubMed Central

    Agarwal, Prem Narayan; Kant, Ravi; Malik, Vinod

    2004-01-01

    Objectives: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the gold standard for gallbladder surgery. Cholecystectomy from the fundus to the cystic duct may be advantageous when cystic duct exposure becomes difficult due to adhesions on Calot's triangle. The aim of this study was to compare conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy with the fundus-first procedure and to evaluate whether the fundus-first technique can prevent conversion in difficult cases. Methods: The study included 145 patients treated over 18 months. The inclusion criterion was the presence of ultrasound proven gallstones. Patients were excluded from the study if there was evidence of common bile duct stones, a bilioenteric fistula, or carcinoma of the gallbladder. Results: The fundus-first approach was started in 45 patients; all procedures were completed laparoscopically. Conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy was begun in 100 patients. Twenty-seven of the 100 patients were converted to fundus dissection (adhesions within Calot's triangle). Four of the 27 were further converted to open surgery. One patient had a drop in blood pressure on creation of pneumoperitoneum. Time taken for severely inflammatory and noninflammatory cases was significantly greater (P<0.05) in the fundus-first group. The average hospital stay was 48 hours in both groups. No major complications were observed. Conclusion: The rate of conversion in the conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy group decreased from 18.75% (27/144) to 2.08% (3/144). The fundus-first technique has the potential to decrease conversion in difficult cases. PMID:15347114

  18. [Laparoscopic cholecystectomy: experience of VGH-Kaohsiung].

    PubMed

    Liu, S I; Mok, K T; Chiang, F; Chang, H T; Chen, C H

    1992-12-01

    One hundred consecutive patients underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy from May 1991 to February 1992 at Veterans General Hospital--Kaohsiung. Ninety-seven of them presented on an elective basis, including eight patients undergoing endoscopic sphincterotomy with extraction of common bile duct stone before laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The remaining 3 patients were operated during acute cholecystitis episode. Two patients with biliary injuries during laparoscopic cholecystectomy were converted to laparotomy, with a conversion rate of 2%. Intraoperative cystic cholangiogram was done selectively in 7 patients. Major complications occurred in 3 patients, including two biliary injuries and one residual CBD stone. Minor complications of wound infection were found in 7 patients. The overall morbidity rate was 10%. No operative mortality was found. Mean operation time was 112 minutes and mean blood loss was 90 ml. The mean hospital stay (3.1 days) and the mean time of returning to normal activity (14.7 days) were longer than those of Western series, but were shorter than those of open cholecystectomy. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a safe and effective procedure that can be performed with minimal risk. However, the importance of accurate preoperative screening and surgical experience should be emphasized for this new procedure. In patients with gall stone plus CBD stone, combined endoscopic sphincterotomy with extraction of CBD stone and laparoscopic cholecystectomy may offer a new therapeutic approach but the long term effect of endoscopic sphincterotomy needs further evaluation. PMID:1338024

  19. Current status of laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy.

    PubMed

    Rosales-Velderrain, A; Stauffer, J A; Bowers, S P; Asbun, H J

    2012-09-01

    Distal pancreatectomy is the therapeutic option of choice for patients with a benign or malignant lesion located in the body and/or tail of the pancreas when surgical intervention is indicated. With recent advances in and wide spread use of imaging studies, lesions of the pancreas are being diagnosed more commonly and it is likely that this will translate into an increased number of patients undergoing surgical resection. The laparoscopic approach to pancreatic resections has not been adopted as rapidly as it has for most other general surgical procedures. This is despite the fact that the current literature appears to validate laparoscopy as an acceptable and safe approach for distal pancreatectomy in patients with benign lesions, and has demonstrated the known benefits inherent to the laparoscopic technique. These benefits include lower intraoperative blood loss, less pain and analgesic requirements, earlier return of bowel function, and shorter recovery and hospital stay. Yet controversy still exists for the role of laparoscopy in the resection of malignant lesions. Recent reports however, have shown that laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy can safely be performed in known malignancies and, most importantly, after a laparoscopic oncological resection, the oncological benchmarks that have been related to survival, (such as negative surgical margins and number of peripancreatic lymph nodes resected), can also be accomplished. We sought to review the current literature on distal pancreatectomy, specifically the indications, laparoscopic approaches, splenectomy and spleen-preserving techniques, intraoperative and short-term outcomes, morbidity, mortality and oncological outcomes. PMID:22971634

  20. Morbidity and outcome of pelvic exenteration in locally advanced pelvic malignancies.

    PubMed

    Ramamurthy, Rajaraman; Duraipandian, Amudhan

    2012-09-01

    Pelvic exenteration is a technically demanding surgical procedure performed for locally advanced cancers in the pelvis. Aim of the present study was to analyze morbidity, failure pattern and survival after pelvic exenteration during a period of 15 years in a dedicated cancer centre in South India. Retrospective analysis of case records of 50 patients who underwent pelvic exenteration from 1996 to 2011 in the Department of Surgical Oncology, Government Royapettah Hospital Chennai. Forty-six patients were females and 4 were males with a mean age of 48.3 years (range 21-72). Twenty six patients had cervical cancer,14 had rectal cancer, 3 had bladder cancer,2 had endometrial cancer, 2 had vaginal cancer, 1 had uterine sarcoma, 1 had anal cancer and 1 had ovarian cancer. The postoperative morbidity was 50%. 7 patients (14%) developed recurrence of which 5 had local and 2 had distant recurrence. The estimated 5 year overall survival for all patients in our series was 53.5% and for the patients with Ca rectum and Ca cervix was 60.6% and 40.1% respectively. Adjacent organ invasion had a significant impact over survival. Pelvic exenteration provides a curative form of treatment for carefully selected locally advanced cancer in the pelvis and it can be done safely with acceptable complications in centers experienced in multivisceral resections. PMID:23997512

  1. Quantification of abdominal and pelvic floor muscle synergies in response to voluntary pelvic floor muscle contractions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stéphanie J. Madill; Linda McLean

    2008-01-01

    The relative levels of pelvic floor muscle (PFM) activation and pressure generated by maximum voluntary PFM contractions were investigated in healthy continent women. The normal sequence of abdominal and PFM activation was determined.Fifteen women performed single and repeated maximum voluntary PFM contractions in supine, sitting and standing. PFM electromyographic (EMG) signals and associated intra-vaginal pressure data were recorded simultaneously. Surface

  2. CARO – The Common Anatomy Reference Ontology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Melissa A. Haendel; Fabian Neuhaus; David Osumi-Sutherland; Paula M. Mabee; L. V. Mejino Jr; Chris J. Mungall; Barry Smith

    The Common Anatomy Reference Ontology (CARO) is being developed to facilitate interoperability between existing anatomy ontologies\\u000a for different species, and will provide a template for building new anatomy ontologies. CARO has a structural axis of classification\\u000a based on the top-level nodes of the Foundational Model of Anatomy. CARO will complement the developmental process sub-ontology\\u000a of the GO Biological Process ontology,

  3. COMPUTATIONAL ANATOMY: AN EMERGING Ulf Grenandery

    E-print Network

    COMPUTATIONAL ANATOMY: AN EMERGING DISCIPLINE Ulf Grenandery and Michael I. Millerz June 25, 1998 Abstract This paper studies mathematical methods in the emerging new discipline of Computational Anatomy. Herein we formalize the Brown/Washington University model of anatomy following the global pattern theory

  4. NEW CO-CHAIRS FOR ANATOMY &

    E-print Network

    Yates, Andrew

    #12;2 NEW CO-CHAIRS FOR ANATOMY & STRUCTURAL BIOLOGY Drs. John Condeelis and Robert Singer have been named co-chairs of the Department of Anatomy & Structural Biology. They had been serving jointly of anatomy in 1977. Appointed profes- sor in 1987, he currently serves as sci- entific director

  5. Singular solutions, momentum maps and computational anatomy

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    Singular solutions, momentum maps and computational anatomy Colin J. Cotter1 and Darryl D. Holm1. This paper describes the variational formulation of tem- plate matching problems of computational anatomy (CA to instruct, or at least entertain, without wearying." ­ Lorenzo da Ponte 1 Introduction Computational Anatomy

  6. Anatomy Department Act of Remembrance and Thanksgiving

    E-print Network

    O'Mahony, Donal E.

    Anatomy Department Act of Remembrance and Thanksgiving ON Wednesday 6th March 2013 AT 5.15pm with the staff and students from the Anatomy Department have an opportunity to show their appreciation readings, singing, and music which is performed by the Chapel Choir and students from the Anatomy Dept

  7. College of Medicine ANA Anatomy and Neurobiology

    E-print Network

    MacAdam, Keith

    completion of ANA 109. ANA 209 PRINCIPLES OF HUMAN ANATOMY. (3-basedundergraduateanatomyandregionally-basedmedicalprofessional anatomy. The human body will be taught in an online format, including modules for independent study.Prereq:Anintroductorycourse in biology, zoology, or botany and consent of instructor. ANA 511 INTRODUCTION TO HUMAN ANATOMY. (5

  8. Unexpected Causes of Gynecological Pelvic Pain

    PubMed Central

    McLaren, Glenda

    2004-01-01

    During our day-to-day practice, we, as clinicians, occasionally come across patients whose symptomatology is atypical. In major teaching hospitals, it is usually easy to consult with other specialists to optimize patient management and standard of care. Our study patients were treated by the authors between January 1998 and January 2003. In this article, the authors report on 6 different cases of unexpected causes of pelvic pain, all of which were managed in a general gynecological unit at a major tertiary referral institution. PMID:15554286

  9. A possible cervical cause of low back pain: pelvic distortion

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Brett M. Carr; Ronald J. Tyszkowski

    2000-01-01

    Objective: to discuss the diagnosis and treatment of pelvic distortion related to cervical spine dysfunction in a patient with low back pain, as well as presenting a theoretical etiology.Clinical features: pelvic distortion is a disorder in which the ilia become counter-rotated on the sacrum. Our clinical experience suggests that it can arise from dysfunction in the cervical spine. It can

  10. Ultrasound Evaluation of Dynamic Responses of Female Pelvic Floor Muscles

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Qiyu Peng; Ruth Jones; Keiichi Shishido; Christos E. Constantinou

    2007-01-01

    Ultrasound imaging of the pelvic floor carries diagnostically important information about the dynamic response of the pelvic floor muscles (PFM) to potentially incontinence-producing stress, which cannot be readily captured and assimilated by the observer during the scanning process. We presented an approach based on motion tracking quantitatively to analyze the dynamic parameters of PFM on the ano-rectal angle (ARA). Perineal

  11. Female pelvic floor dysfunction—an imaging perspective

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hans Peter Dietz

    2011-01-01

    Female pelvic floor dysfunction encompasses a range of morbidities, including urinary incontinence, female pelvic organ prolapse, anal incontinence and obstructed defecation. Patients often present with symptoms covered by several specialties including gastroenterology, colorectal surgery, urology and gynecology. Imaging can therefore bring clinicians from multiple specialties together by revealing that we frequently deal with different aspects of one underlying problem or

  12. Puerperal septic pelvic thrombophlebitis: Incidence and response to heparin therapy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Charles E. Brown; R. William Stettler; Diane Twickler; F. Gary Cunningham

    1999-01-01

    Objective: Before the availability of modern imaging studies the diagnosis of septic pelvic thrombophlebitis causing prolonged puerperal fever was difficult to confirm without surgical exploration. With the use of computed tomography infection-related pelvic phlebitis can now be confirmed, and this study was designed to determine its incidence after delivery. We also designed a randomized clinical trial to evaluate the efficacy

  13. [Laparoscopic cystoprostatectomy, initial experience: 13 patients].

    PubMed

    Vaessen, Christophe; Mouzin, Marc; Malavaud, Bernard; Gamé, Xavier; Berrogain, Nathalie; Rischmann, Pascal

    2004-09-01

    From July 2003 to February 2004, 13 laparoscopic radical cysto-prostatectomies have been achieved in our department. The technique is describe, the ablation of the bladder and prostate is done through a pure laparoscopic approach when the reconstruction is done trough a small incision under the umbilicus. The uretro-neobladder anastomoses are performed under laparoscopy after re-integration of the bladder. All procedures have been successfully achieved; the mean operative time is 400 minutes, 320 for the cutaneous diversions and 450 for the Camey 2 procedures. Blood loss were 390 ml, blood transfusion was d for only one patient. No major complication was observed, the mean hospital stay was 14.2 days (+3.5). In our experience laparoscopic radical cystectomy is a safe option, associated with shorter hospital stays and gentler postoperative recovery. PMID:15776921

  14. Diagnostic laparoscopic biopsy for intraabdominal tumors.

    PubMed

    Sakamoto, Yasuo; Karashima, Ryuichi; Ida, Satoshi; Imamura, Yu; Iwagami, Shiro; Baba, Yoshifumi; Miyamoto, Yuji; Yoshida, Naoya; Baba, Hideo

    2015-03-01

    Improvements in imaging technology have resulted in an increase in the incidental detection of intraabdominal tumors. Diagnostic computed tomography (CT)- and ultrasound (US)-guided biopsy, while minimally invasive, often provides specimens that are insufficient for histological evaluation. Moreover, it can be difficult to perform because the location and size of the tumor. In such cases, laparoscopic biopsy is useful because it is less invasive than laparotomy, but more reliable than imaging-guided biopsy, to obtain a sufficient specimen, regardless of the location and size of the tumor. We report a series of seven patients who underwent laparoscopic biopsy of intraabdominal tumors of unknown origin. There were no cases of conversion to laparotomy and all patients were able to resume oral intake on postoperative day 1. There were no intraoperative or postoperative complications. Thus, laparoscopic biopsy for a tumor of unknown origin is useful and minimally invasive. PMID:25212568

  15. Laparoscopic transabdominal preperitoneal approach for recurrent inguinal hernia: A randomized trial

    PubMed Central

    Saber, Aly; Hokkam, Emad N.; Ellabban, Goda M.

    2015-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The repair of the recurrent hernia is a daunting task because of already weakened tissues and distorted anatomy. Open posterior preperitoneal approach gives results far superior to those of the anterior approach. Laparoscopic transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) inguinal hernia repair is an evolving technique associated with advantages of a minimally invasive approach. The present work aimed at comparing these three approaches for repair of recurrent inguinal hernia regarding complications and early recurrence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 180 patients were divided randomly into three equal groups: A, B, and C. Group A patients were subjected to open posterior preperitoneal approach , those of group B were subjected to transinguinal anterior tension-free repair and group C patients were subjected to TAPP. The primary end point was recurrence and the secondary end points were time off from work, postoperative pain, scrotal swelling, and wound infections. RESULTS: The mean hospital stay, the mean time to return to work and the mean time off from work were less in group C then A and B. Chronic postoperative pain was observed in eight patients in group A (13.33%), in 18 patients in group B (30%) and six patients in group C (10%). The overall complication rate was 19.7% in both groups A and C and 34.36% in group B. CONCLUSION: In recurrent inguinal hernia, the laparoscopic and open posterior approaches are equally effective in term of operative outcome. The open preperitoneal hernia repair is inexpensive, has a low recurrence rate. Postoperative recovery is short and postoperative pain is minimal. This approach gives results far superior to those of the commonly used anterior approach. However, while laparoscopic hernia repair requires a lengthy learning curve and is difficult to learn and perform, it has advantages of less post-operative pain, early recovery with minimal hospital stay, low post-operative complications and recurrence. Trial Registration ACTRN12613001050741 PMID:25883452

  16. [Extended salvage pelvic and retroperitoneal lymph node dissection due to prostate cancer relapse].

    PubMed

    Osmonov, D K; Aksenov, A V; Jünemann, K-P

    2013-01-01

    Treatment of a biochemical prostate cancer relapse represents a difficult clinical dilemma, which has remained without a definitive solution so far. Based on clinical studies, we combine radical prostatectomy with extended pelvic lymph node dissection in intermediate and high risk patients as a routine procedure at our clinic. In this paper, we report on a case of extended salvage lymphadenectomy performed due to biochemical prostate cancer recurrence. The 56-year-old patient came to our clinic in April 2012 with a finding of lymph node metastasis according to PET-CT imaging. Laparoscopic radical retropubic prostatectomy with lymphadenectomy had been performed in 2008 [pT3a, N0 (0/4), M0, R0, GS 5+4=9, iPSA 26.67 ng/mL], and followed by radiotherapy as of September 2009. The extended salvage lymphadenectomy was performed in April 2012 due to a PSA-level rise up to 24 ng/mL and the aforementioned PET-CT findings. A total of 22 lymph nodes were removed, among them 3 lymph nodes with metastases. In the fossa obturatoria on the right we identified a walnut-size lymph node relapse with tumour necrosis, which fully corresponded to the PET-CT scan. The PSA level subsequently dropped to 0.4 ng/mL postoperatively, and further to the current value of 0.02 ng/mL (August 2012). PMID:23325670

  17. Ureteral Injury After Laparoscopic Versus Open Colectomy

    PubMed Central

    Ahaghotu, Chiledum A.; Libuit, Laura; Ortega, Gezzer; Coleman, Pamela W.; Cornwell, Edward E.; Tran, Daniel D.; Fullum, Terrence M.

    2014-01-01

    Background and Objectives: Ureteral injury is an infrequent but potentially lethal complication of colectomy. We aimed to determine the incidence of intraoperative ureteral injury after laparoscopic and open colectomy and to determine the independent morbidity and mortality rates associated with ureteral injury. Methods: We analyzed data from the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program for the years 2005–2010. All patients undergoing colectomy for benign, neoplastic, or inflammatory conditions were selected. Patients undergoing laparoscopic colectomy versus open colectomy were matched on disease severity and clinical and demographic characteristics. Multivariate logistic regression analyses and coarsened exact matching were used to determine the independent difference in the incidence of ureteral injury between the 2 groups. Multivariate models were also used to determine the independent association between postoperative complications associated with ureteral injury. Results: Of a total of 94 526 colectomies, 33 092 (35%) were completed laparoscopically. Ureteral injury occurred in a total of 585 patients (0.6%). The crude incidence in the open group was higher than that in the laparoscopic group (0.66% versus 0.53%, P = .016). CEM produced 14 630 matching pairs. Matched analysis showed the likelihood of ureteral injury after laparoscopic colectomy to be 30% less than after open colectomy (odds ratio, 0.70; 95% confidence interval, 0.51–0.96). Patients with ureteral injury were independently more likely to have septic complications and have longer lengths of hospital stay than those without ureteral injury. Conclusion: Laparoscopic colectomy is associated with a lower incidence of intraoperative ureteral injury when compared with open procedures. Ureteral injury leads to significant postoperative morbidity even if identified and repaired during the colectomy. PMID:25392666

  18. Secondary Hemorrhage After Total Laparoscopic Hysterectomy

    PubMed Central

    Prathap, Talwar; Kaur, Harneet; Shabnam, Khan; Kandhari, Dimple; Chopade, Gaurav

    2014-01-01

    Background and Objectives: The purpose of this study is to estimate the cumulative incidence, patient characteristics, and potential risk factors for secondary hemorrhage after total laparoscopic hysterectomy. Methods: All women who underwent total laparoscopic hysterectomy at Paul's Hospital between January 2004 and April 2012 were included in the study. Patients who had bleeding per vaginam between 24 hours and 6 weeks after primary surgery were included in the analysis. Results: A total of 1613 patients underwent total laparoscopic hysterectomy during the study period, and 21 patients had secondary hemorrhage after hysterectomy. The overall cumulative incidence of secondary hemorrhage after total laparoscopic hysterectomy was 1.3%. The mean size of the uterus was 541.4 g in the secondary hemorrhage group and 318.9 g in patients without hemorrhage, which was statistically significant. The median time interval between hysterectomy and secondary hemorrhage was 13 days. Packing was sufficient to control the bleeding in 13 patients, and 6 patients required vault suturing. Laparoscopic coagulation of the uterine artery was performed in 1 patient. Uterine artery embolization was performed twice in 1 patient to control the bleeding. Conclusions: Our data suggest that secondary hemorrhage is rare but may occur more often after total laparoscopic hysterectomy than after other hysterectomy approaches. Whether it is related to the application of thermal energy to tissues, which causes more tissue necrosis and devascularization than sharp culdotomy in abdominal and vaginal hysterectomies, is not clear. A large uterus size, excessive use of an energy source for the uterine artery, and culdotomy may play a role. PMID:25392609

  19. Can pelvic floor injury secondary to delivery be prevented?

    PubMed

    Lavy, Yuval; Sand, Peter K; Kaniel, Chava I; Hochner-Celnikier, Drorith

    2012-02-01

    The number of women suffering from pelvic floor disorders (PFD) is likely to grow significantly in the coming years with a growing older population. There is an urgent need to investigate factors contributing to the development of PFD and develop preventative strategies. We have reviewed the literature and analyzed results from our own study regarding the association between delivery mode, obstetrical practice and fetal measurements, and damage to the pelvic floor. Based on our findings, we have suggested a flowchart helping the obstetrician to conduct vaginal delivery with minimal pelvic floor insult. Primiparity, instrumental delivery, large fetal head circumference, and prolonged second stage of delivery are risk factors for PFD. Pelvic floor integrity should always be seriously considered in every primiparous woman. All efforts should be aimed at minimizing any insult, which might have a significant impact on the woman's pelvic integrity and future quality of life. PMID:21822710

  20. Archosaurian respiration and the pelvic girdle aspiration breathing of crocodyliforms.

    PubMed Central

    Claessens, Leon P. A. M.

    2004-01-01

    Birds and crocodylians, the only living archosaurs, are generally believed to employ pelvic girdle movements as a component of their respiratory mechanism. This in turn provides a phylogenetic basis for inferring that extinct archosaurs, including dinosaurs, also used pelvic girdle breathing. I examined lung ventilation through cineradiography (high-speed X-ray filming) and observed that alligators indeed rotate the pubis to increase tidal volume, but did not observe pelvic girdle movement contributing to lung ventilation in guinea fowl, emus or tinamous, despite extensive soft-tissue motion. Re-examination of fossil archosaurs reveals that pubic rotation evolved in basal crocodyliforms and that pelvic girdle breathing is not a general archosaurian mechanism. The appearance of pelvic aspiration in crocodyliforms is a striking example of the ability of amniotes to increase gas exchange or circumvent constraints on respiration through the evolution of novel accessory breathing mechanisms. PMID:15306317

  1. Archosaurian respiration and the pelvic girdle aspiration breathing of crocodyliforms.

    PubMed

    Claessens, Leon P A M

    2004-07-22

    Birds and crocodylians, the only living archosaurs, are generally believed to employ pelvic girdle movements as a component of their respiratory mechanism. This in turn provides a phylogenetic basis for inferring that extinct archosaurs, including dinosaurs, also used pelvic girdle breathing. I examined lung ventilation through cineradiography (high-speed X-ray filming) and observed that alligators indeed rotate the pubis to increase tidal volume, but did not observe pelvic girdle movement contributing to lung ventilation in guinea fowl, emus or tinamous, despite extensive soft-tissue motion. Re-examination of fossil archosaurs reveals that pubic rotation evolved in basal crocodyliforms and that pelvic girdle breathing is not a general archosaurian mechanism. The appearance of pelvic aspiration in crocodyliforms is a striking example of the ability of amniotes to increase gas exchange or circumvent constraints on respiration through the evolution of novel accessory breathing mechanisms. PMID:15306317

  2. Single-incision laparoscopic liver resection

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sébastien Gaujoux; T. Peter Kingham; William R. Jarnagin; Michael I. D’Angelica; Peter J. Allen; Yuman Fong

    2011-01-01

    Background  Laparoscopic liver surgery has become a safe and effective approach to the surgical management of liver disease. Recently\\u000a developed, single-port-access surgery is of growing interest in an attempt to minimize abdominal wall trauma. Various abdominal\\u000a procedures have already been performed via single-port access, but to date, single-port-access surgery has never been reported\\u000a for liver resection.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  One patient underwent laparoscopic fenestration

  3. Ergonomic problems associated with laparoscopic surgery

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. Berguer; D. L. Forkey; W. D. Smith

    1999-01-01

    Background: The Society of American Gastrointestinal Endoscopic Surgeons (SAGES) Task Force on Ergonomics conducted a subjective and\\u000a objective assessment of ergonomic problems associated with laparoscopic instrument use. The goal was to assess the prevalence,\\u000a causes, and consequences of operational difficulties associated with the use of laparoscopic instruments.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods: A questionnaire was distributed asking respondents to rate the frequency with which

  4. Laparoscopic ventral hernia repair: a systematic review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Clarabelle T. Pham; Caryn L. Perera; D. Scott Watkin; Guy J. Maddern

    2009-01-01

    Background  Laparoscopic ventral hernia repair may be an alternative to open mesh repair as it avoids a large abdominal incision, and\\u000a thus potentially reduces pain and hospital stay. This review aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of laparoscopic ventral\\u000a hernia repair in comparison with open ventral hernia repair.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Method  A systematic review was conducted, with comprehensive searches identifying six randomised controlled

  5. Opioid Requirements after Laparoscopic Bariatric Surgery

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Toby N. Weingarten; Juraj Sprung; Antolin Flores; Ana M. Oviedo Baena; Darrell R. Schroeder; David O. Warner

    Background  Postoperative analgesia following bariatric surgery is complicated by the high prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea which\\u000a is worsened by systemic opioids. The primary aim of this study is to identify patient factors associated with greater postoperative\\u000a opioid use in patients undergoing laparoscopic bariatric surgery.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  A retrospective chart review of 384 consecutive patients who underwent laparoscopic bariatric surgery from January 2000

  6. Laparoscopic resection of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors

    PubMed Central

    Al-Kurd, Abbas; Chapchay, Katya; Grozinsky-Glasberg, Simona; Mazeh, Haggi

    2014-01-01

    Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PNETs) are a rare heterogeneous group of endocrine neoplasms. Surgery remains the best curative option for this type of tumor. Over the past two decades, with the development of laparoscopic pancreatic surgery, an increasingly larger number of PNET resections are being performed by these minimally-invasive techniques. In this review article, the various laparoscopic surgical options for the excision of PNETs are discussed. In addition, a summary of the literature describing the outcome of these treatment modalities is presented. PMID:24803802

  7. Laparoscopic Resection of Unruptured Rudimentary Horn Pregnancy

    PubMed Central

    Sharma, Deepti; Usha, MG; Gaikwad, Ramesh; Sudha, S

    2011-01-01

    A non-communicating rudimentary horn is an uncommon site for ectopic pregnancy. Rudimentary horn pregnancy (RHP) is a rare entity but associated with grave clinical consequences. Majority of these cases if not detected timely end up in uterine rupture and present as an obstetrical emergency. We present this case of a 32-year-old, third gravida with a 12 weeks live gestation in the right rudimentary horn, which was successfully managed with laparoscopic resection. Early diagnosis is the key stone in the management of such cases. Laparoscopic resection is a safe and viable option in the surgical management of unruptured RHP.

  8. Laparoscopic Radiofrequency Ablation of Neuroendocrine Liver Metastases

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eren Berber; Nora Flesher; Allan E. Siperstein

    2002-01-01

      \\u000a We previously reported on the safety and\\u000a efficacy of laparoscopic radiofrequency thermal ablation (RFA) for\\u000a treating hepatic neuroendocrine metastases. The aim of\\u000a this study is to report our 5-year RFA experience in the treatment of\\u000a these challenging group of patients. Of the 222 patients with 803 liver\\u000a primary and secondary tumors undergoing laparoscopic RFA between\\u000a January 1996 and August

  9. Retroperitoneal laparoscopic bilateral lumbar sympathectomy.

    PubMed

    Segers, B; Himpens, J; Barroy, J P

    2007-06-01

    The first retroperitoneal lumbar sympathectomy was performed in 1924 by Julio Diez. The classic procedure for sympathectomy is open surgery. We report a unilateral laparoscopic retroperitoneal approach to perform bilateral lumbar sympathectomy. This approach was performed for a 43-year-old man with distal arterial occlusive disease and no indication for direct revascularization. His predominant symptoms were intermittent claudication at 100 metres and cold legs. The patient was placed in a left lateral decubitus position. The optical system was placed first in an intra-abdominal position to check that the trocars were well positioned in the retroperitoneal space. The dissection of retroperitoneum was performed by CO2 insufflation. The inferior vena cava was reclined and the right sympathetic chain was individualized. Two ganglia (L3-L4) were removed by bipolar electro-coagulation. The aorta was isolated on a vessel loop and careful anterior traction allowed a retro-aortic pre-vertebral approach between the lumbar vessels. The left sympathetic chain was dissected. Two ganglia (L3-L4) were removed by bipolar electro-coagulation. PMID:17685269

  10. Pelvic and reproductive structures in placoderms (stem gnathostomes).

    PubMed

    Trinajstic, Kate; Boisvert, Catherine; Long, John; Maksimenko, Anton; Johanson, Zerina

    2015-05-01

    Newly discovered pelvic and reproductive structures within placoderms, representing some of the most crownward members of the gnathostome stem group and the most basal jawed vertebrates, challenge established ideas on the origin of the pelvic girdle and reproductive complexity. Here we critically review previous descriptions of the pelvic structures in placoderms and reinterpret the morphology of the pelvic region within the arthrodires and ptyctodonts, in particular the position of the pelvic fin and the relationship of the male clasper to the pelvic girdle. Absence of clear articular surfaces on the clasper and girdle in the Arthrodira, along with evidence from the Ptyctodontida, suggest that these are separate structures along the body. We describe similarities between the pectoral and pelvic girdles and claspers, for example, all these have both dermal and perichondral (cartilaginous) components. Claspers in placoderms and chondrichthyans develop in very different ways; in sharks, claspers develop from the pelvic fin while the claspers in placoderms develop separately, suggesting that their independent development involved a posterior extension of the 'competent stripes' for fin development previously limited to the region between the paired pectoral and pelvic fins. Within this expanded zone, we suggest that clasper position relative to the pelvic fins was determined by genes responsible for limb position. Information on early gnathostome reproductive processes is preserved in both the Ptyctodontida and Arthrodira, including the presence of multiple embryos in pregnant females, embryos of differing sizes and of different sexes (e.g. male claspers preserved in some embyros). By comparison with chondrichthyans, these observations suggest more complex reproductive strategies in placoderms than previously appreciated. PMID:24889865

  11. Penile rehabilitation after pelvic cancer surgery.

    PubMed

    Aoun, Fouad; Peltier, Alexandre; van Velthoven, Roland

    2015-01-01

    Erectile dysfunction is the most common complication after pelvic radical surgery. Rehabilitation programs are increasingly being used in clinical practice but there is no high level of evidence supporting its efficacy. The principle of early penile rehabilitation stems from animal studies showing early histological and molecular changes associated with penile corporal hypoxia after cavernous nerve injury. The concept of early penile rehabilitation was developed in late nineties with a subsequent number of clinical studies supporting early pharmacologic penile rehabilitation. These studies included all available phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors, intracavernosal injection and intraurethral use of prostaglandin E1 and to lesser extent vacuum erectile devices. However, these studies are of small number, difficult to interpret, and often with no control group. Furthermore, no studies have proven an in vivo derangement of endothelial or smooth muscle cell metabolism secondary to a prolonged flaccid state. The purpose of the present report is a synthetic overview of the literature in order to analyze the concept and the rationale of rehabilitation program of erectile dysfunction following radical pelvic surgery and the evidence of such programs in clinical practice. Emphasis will be placed on penile rehabilitation programs after radical cystoprostatectomy, radical prostatectomy, and rectal cancer treatment. Future perspectives are also analyzed. PMID:25785286

  12. Helical Tomotherapy With Simultaneous Integrated Boost After Laparoscopic Staging in Patients With Cervical Cancer: Analysis of Feasibility and Early Toxicity

    SciTech Connect

    Marnitz, Simone, E-mail: simone.marnitz@charite.de [Department of Radiooncology, Charite University Medicine, Berlin (Germany); Koehler, Christhardt [Department of Gynecology, Charite University Medicine, Berlin (Germany); Burova, Elena; Wlodarczyk, Waldemar; Jahn, Ulrich; Gruen, Arne; Budach, Volker; Stromberger, Carmen [Department of Radiooncology, Charite University Medicine, Berlin (Germany)

    2012-02-01

    Purpose: To demonstrate the feasibility and safety of the simultaneous integrated boost technique for dose escalation in combination with helical tomotherapy in patients with cervical cancer. Methods and Materials: Forty patients (International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics Stage IB1 pN1-IVA) underwent primary chemoradiation with helical tomotherapy. Before therapy, 29/40 patients underwent laparoscopic pelvic and para-aortic lymphadenectomy. In 21%, 31%, and 3% of the patients, pelvic, pelvic and para-aortic, and skip metastases in the para-aortic region could be confirmed. All patients underwent radiation with 1.8-50.4 Gy to the tumor region and the pelvic (para-aortic) lymph node region (planning target volume-A), and a simultaneous boost with 2.12-59.36 Gy to the boost region (planning target volume-B). The boost region was defined using titan clips during laparoscopic staging. In all other patients, standardized borders for the planning target volume-B were defined. High-dose-rate brachytherapy was performed in 39/40 patients. The mean biologic effective dose to the macroscopic tumor ranged from 87.5 to 97.5 Gy. Chemotherapy consisted of weekly cisplatin 40 mg/m{sup 2}. Dose-volume histograms and acute gastrointestinal, genitourinary, and hematologic toxicity were evaluated. Results: The mean treatment time was 45 days. The mean doses to the small bowel, rectum, and bladder were 28.5 {+-} 6.1 Gy, 47.9 {+-} 3.8 Gy, and 48 {+-} 3 Gy, respectively. Hematologic toxicity Grade 3 occurred in 20% of patients, diarrhea Grade 2 in 5%, and diarrhea Grade 3 in 2.5%. There was no Grade 3 genitourinary toxicity. All patients underwent curettage 3 months after chemoradiation, which confirmed complete pathologic response in 38/40 patients. Conclusions: The concept of simultaneous integrated boost for dose escalation in patients with cervical cancer is feasible, with a low rate of acute gastrointestinal and genitourinary toxicity. Whether dose escalation can be translated into improved outcome will be assessed after a longer follow-up time.

  13. Lab 2: Anatomy of Coral

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    In this activity, students examine hydra, a fresh-water relative of coral, under a microscope to observe feeding behavior and identify stinging cells that are characteristic of corals. They also learn more about the individual animals that make up coral reefs and construct simple models of coral polyp anatomy and feeding behavior.

  14. Human Anatomy II: Circulatory System

    E-print Network

    Brown, Christopher A.

    1 Human Anatomy II: Circulatory System The Cardiovascular System Major functions include) Maintenance of fluid balance Protection against invading organisms Circulatory systems may be open or closed Open circulatory systems allow circulatory fluid to empty out of vessels Closed circulatory systems

  15. How Much Anatomy is Enough?

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2008-08-01

    This article describes a study conducted at 8 Dutch Medical Schools investigating the effect of various didactic approaches to teaching anatomy on performance. Outcomes discussed include that good test performance is not related to teaching style, but rather course hours, clinical relevance, and revisiting anatomical concepts.

  16. Prospective double-blind randomized trial of laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication with division and without division of short gastric vessels.

    PubMed Central

    Watson, D I; Pike, G K; Baigrie, R J; Mathew, G; Devitt, P G; Britten-Jones, R; Jamieson, G G

    1997-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To determine whether division of the short gastric vessels (SGVs) and full mobilization of the gastric fundus is necessary to reduce the incidence of postoperative dysphagia and other adverse sequelae of laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Based on historical and uncontrolled studies, division of the SGVs has been advocated during laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication to improve postoperative clinical outcomes. However, this modification has not been evaluated in a large prospective randomized trial. METHODS: One hundred two patients with proven gastroesophageal reflux disease presenting for laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication were prospectively randomized to undergo fundoplication with (52 patients) or without (50 patients) division of the SGVs. Patients with esophageal motility disorders, patients requiring a concurrent abdominal procedure, and patients who had undergone previous antireflux surgery were excluded. Patients were blinded to the postoperative status of their SGVs. Clinical assessment was performed by a blinded independent investigator who used multiple standardized clinical grading systems to assess dysphagia, heartburn, and patient satisfaction 1, 3, and 6 months after surgery. Objective measurement of lower esophageal sphincter pressure, esophageal emptying time, and distal esophageal acid exposure and radiologic assessment of postoperative anatomy were also performed. RESULTS: Operating time was increased by 40 minutes (median 65 vs. 105) by vessel division. Perioperative outcomes and complications, postoperative dysphagia, relief of heartburn, and overall satisfaction were not improved by dividing the SGVs. Lower esophageal sphincter pressure, acid exposure, and esophageal emptying times were similar for the two groups. CONCLUSION: Division of the SGVs during laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication did not improve any clinical or objective postoperative outcome. PMID:9389398

  17. Classic versus millennial medical lab anatomy.

    PubMed

    Benninger, Brion; Matsler, Nik; Delamarter, Taylor

    2014-10-01

    This study investigated the integration, implementation, and use of cadaver dissection, hospital radiology modalities, surgical tools, and AV technology during a 12-week contemporary anatomy course suggesting a millennial laboratory. The teaching of anatomy has undergone the greatest fluctuation of any of the basic sciences during the past 100 years in order to make room for the meteoric rise in molecular sciences. Classically, anatomy consisted of a 2-year methodical, horizontal, anatomy course; anatomy has now morphed into a 12-week accelerated course in a vertical curriculum, at most institutions. Surface and radiological anatomy is the language for all clinicians regardless of specialty. The objective of this study was to investigate whether integration of full-body dissection anatomy and modern hospital technology, during the anatomy laboratory, could be accomplished in a 12-week anatomy course. Literature search was conducted on anatomy text, journals, and websites regarding contemporary hospital technology integrating multiple image mediums of 37 embalmed cadavers, surgical suite tools and technology, and audio/visual technology. Surgical and radiology professionals were contracted to teach during the anatomy laboratory. Literature search revealed no contemporary studies integrating full-body dissection with hospital technology and behavior. About 37 cadavers were successfully imaged with roentograms, CT, and MRI scans. Students were in favor of the dynamic laboratory consisting of multiple activity sessions occurring simultaneously. Objectively, examination scores proved to be a positive outcome and, subjectively, feedback from students was overwhelmingly positive. Despite the surging molecular based sciences consuming much of the curricula, full-body dissection anatomy is irreplaceable regarding both surface and architectural, radiological anatomy. Radiology should not be a small adjunct to understand full-body dissection, but rather, full-body dissection aids the understanding of radiology mediums. The millennial anatomy dissection laboratory should consist of, at least, 50% radiology integration during full-body dissection. This pilot study is an example of the most comprehensive integration of full-body dissection, radiology, and hospital technology. PMID:24677128

  18. Laparoscopic Revision of Failed Fundoplication and Hiatal Herniorraphy

    PubMed Central

    Madan, Atul K.; Carlson, Mark A.; Zeni, Tallal M.; Zografakis, John G.; Moore, Ronald M.; Meiselman, Mick; Luu, Minh; Ayiomamitis, Georgios D.

    2009-01-01

    Abstract Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the mechanisms of failure after laparoscopic fundoplication and the results of revision laparoscopic fundoplication. Background Laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication has become the most commonly performed antireflux procedure for the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease, with success rates from 90 to 95%. Persistent or new symptoms often warrant endoscopic and radiographic studies to find the cause of surgical failure. In experienced hands, reoperative antireflux surgery can be done laparoscopically. We performed a retrospective analysis of all laparoscopic revision of failed fundoplications done by the principle author and the respective fellow within the laparoscopic fellowship from 1992 to 2006. Methods A review was performed on patients who underwent laparoscopic revision of a failed primary laparoscopic fundoplication. Results Laparoscopic revision of failed fundoplication was performed on 68 patients between 1992 and 2006. The success rate of the laparoscopic redo Nissen fundoplication was 86%. Symptoms prior to the revision procedure included heartburn (69%), dysphagia (8.8%), or both (11.7%). Preoperative evaluation revealed esophagitis in 41%, hiatal hernia with esophagitis in 36%, hiatal hernia without esophagitis in 7.3%, stenosis in 11.74%, and dysmotility in 2.4%. The main laparoscopic revisions included fundoplication alone (41%) or fundoplication with hiatal hernia repair (50%). Four gastric perforations occurred; these were repaired primarily without further incident. An open conversion was performed in 1 patient. Length of stay was 2.5?±?1.0 days. Mean follow-up was 22 months (range, 6–42), during which failure of the redo procedure was noted in 9 patients (13.23%). Conclusion Laparoscopic redo antireflux surgery, performed in a laparoscopic fellowship program, produces excellent results that approach the success rates of primary operations. PMID:19216692

  19. The Effect of Biofeedback Physical Therapy in Men with Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome Type III

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Erik B. Cornel; Ernst P. van Haarst; Ria W. M. Browning-Groote Schaarsberg; Jenet Geels

    2005-01-01

    Recent studies suggest that the symptoms of chronic non-bacterial prostatitis (CP) or Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome (CPPS) may be due to or associated with pelvic floor muscle dysfunction. Therapies aimed to improve relaxation and proper use of the pelvic floor muscles such as biofeedback physical therapy and pelvic floor re-education are expected to give symptom improvement. The objective of this

  20. Acute renal failure and paraplegia in a patient with a pelvic-ring fracture

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rita Rachmani; Zohar Levi; Rivka Zissin; Jacques Bernheim; Ze' ev Korzets

    2000-01-01

    bladder compression by a retroperitoneal\\/pelvic haem- atoma is a possibility. We observed a patient with an 'open book' pelvic-ring fracture who developed a huge pelvic haematoma after being given enoxaparin. The ensuing pelvic-compartment syndrome resulted in bilateral hydronephrosis and paraplegia, alleviated only by evacuation of the haematoma.

  1. Management of mechanical ventilation during laparoscopic surgery.

    PubMed

    Valenza, Franco; Chevallard, Giorgio; Fossali, Tommaso; Salice, Valentina; Pizzocri, Marta; Gattinoni, Luciano

    2010-06-01

    Laparoscopy is widely used in the surgical treatment of a number of diseases. Its advantages are generally believed to lie on its minimal invasiveness, better cosmetic outcome and shorter length of hospital stay based on surgical expertise and state-of-the-art equipment. Thousands of laparoscopic surgical procedures performed safely prove that mechanical ventilation during anaesthesia for laparoscopy is well tolerated by a vast majority of patients. However, the effects of pneumoperitoneum are particularly relevant to patients with underlying lung disease as well as to the increasing number of patients with higher-than-normal body mass index. Moreover, many surgical procedures are significantly longer in duration when performed with laparoscopic techniques. Taken together, these factors impose special care for the management of mechanical ventilation during laparoscopic surgery. The purpose of the review is to summarise the consequences of pneumoperitoneum on the standard monitoring of mechanical ventilation during anaesthesia and to discuss the rationale of using a protective ventilation strategy during laparoscopic surgery. The consequences of chest wall derangement occurring during pneumoperitoneum on airway pressure and central venous pressure, together with the role of end-tidal-CO2 monitoring are emphasised. Ventilatory and non-ventilatory strategies to protect the lung are discussed. PMID:20608559

  2. Laparoscopic repair of adult Bochdalek's hernia

    PubMed Central

    Husain, Musharraf; Hajini, Firdoos Farooq; Ganguly, Pavitra; Bukhari, Syed

    2013-01-01

    Bochdalek's hernia is a type of congenital diaphragmatic hernia occurring in approximately 1 in 2200–12?500 live births. It is considered to be extremely rare in adults and poses a diagnostic challenge. We present a case of a young man who was diagnosed as a case of congenital Bochdalek's hernia and underwent laparoscopic mesh repair. PMID:23761496

  3. Reasons for early recurrence following laparoscopic hernioplasty

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. H. Phillips; R. Rosenthal; M. Fallas; B. Carroll; M. Arregui; J. Corbitt; R. Fitzgibbons; A. Seid; L. Schultz; F. Toy; R. Wadell; B. McKernan

    1995-01-01

    The incidence and reasons for early recurrences following laparoscopic hernioplasty have not been studied. Because the incidence is small and the follow up is short, a multi-institutional study was performed among the pioneers in the field. The incidence figures were obtained by survey of surgeons who had significant experience (over 100 cases) and kept concurrent records.

  4. Laparoscopic surgery and the systemic immune response.

    PubMed Central

    Vittimberga, F J; Foley, D P; Meyers, W C; Callery, M P

    1998-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: The authors review studies relating to the immune responses evoked by laparoscopic surgery. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Laparoscopic surgery has gained rapid acceptance based on clinical grounds. Patients benefit from faster recovery, decreased pain, and quicker return to normal activities. Only more recently have attempts been made to identify the metabolic and immune responses that may underlie this clinical success. The immune responses to laparoscopy are now being evaluated in relation to the present knowledge of immune responses to traditional laparotomy and surgery in general. METHODS: A review of the published literature of the immune and metabolic responses to laparoscopy was performed. Laparoscopic surgery is compared with the traditional laparotomy on the basis of local and systemic immune responses and patterns of tumor growth. The impact of pneumoperitoneum and insufflation gases on the immune response is also reviewed. CONCLUSIONS: The systemic immune responses for surgery in general may not apply to laparoscopic surgery. The body's response to laparoscopy is one of lesser immune activation as opposed to immunosuppression. PMID:9527054

  5. Laparoscopic splenectomy for atraumatic splenic rupture.

    PubMed

    Grossi, Ugo; Crucitti, Antonio; D'Amato, Gerardo; Mazzari, Andrea; Tomaiuolo, Pasquina M C; Cavicchioni, Camillo; Bellantone, Rocco

    2011-01-01

    A traumatic splenic rupture (ASR) is a rare clinical entity. Several underlying benign and malignant conditions have been described as a leading cause. We report on a case of ASR in a 41-year-old man treated with laparoscopic splenectomy. Considering ASR as a life-threatening condition, a prompt diagnosis can be life saving. PMID:21675627

  6. Laparoscopic versus open splenectomy in children

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert K Minkes; Mara Lagzdins; Jacob C Langer

    2000-01-01

    Background: The authors have reviewed their initial experience with laparoscopic splenectomy (LS) to identify the indications, success rate, and complications associated with this procedure compared with a series of children undergoing open splenectomy (OS) during the same time period. Methods: The records of 51 children who underwent splenectomy from 1993 through 1998 were reviewed retrospectively. Results: Thirty-five patients aged 1

  7. PARAMIS parallel robot for laparoscopic surgery.

    PubMed

    Pisla, D; Plitea, N; Vaida, C; Hesselbach, J; Raatz, A; Vlad, L; Graur, F; Gyurka, B; Gherman, B; Suciu, M

    2010-01-01

    The paper presents the parallel robot, which has been developed in Romania and it is used for laparoscope camera positioning. Based on its mathematical modeling, the first low-cost experimental model of the PARAMIS surgical robot has been built. The system has been built in such a way that it has the possibility to transform it in a multiarm robot controlled from the console. The control input allows the user to give commands in a large area for the positioning of the laparoscope using different interfaces: joystick, microphone, keyboard & mouse and haptic device. The first results have been obtained through the performing of an experimental laparoscopic cholecystectomy using PARAMIS surgical robot. The model which was used was a porcine liver, removed with the gall-bladder and the bile ducts. Due to its very easy use control system, surgeons have adapted rapidly to the use of PARAMIS in surgical procedures. Some of its advantages could be emphasized: precision of the movements; absence of the laparoscope operator's natural tremor, direct control over a smooth, precise, stable view of the internal surgical field for the surgeon; no fatigue; allows the use of both hands for the actual procedure; reduces eye fatigue; eliminates the need for a second surgeon to be present for the entire procedure. PMID:21141094

  8. Anatomy adventure: a board game for enhancing understanding of anatomy.

    PubMed

    Anyanwu, Emeka G

    2014-01-01

    Certain negative factors such as fear, loss of concentration and interest in the course, lack of confidence, and undue stress have been associated with the study of anatomy. These are factors most often provoked by the unusually large curriculum, nature of the course, and the psychosocial impact of dissection. As a palliative measure, Anatomy Adventure, a board game on anatomy was designed to reduce some of these pressures, emphasize student centered and collaborative learning styles, and add fun to the process of learning while promoting understanding and retention of the subject. To assess these objectives, 95 out of over 150 medical and dental students who expressed willingness to be part of the study were recruited and divided into a Game group and a Non-game group. A pretest written examination was given to both groups, participants in the Game group were allowed to play the game for ten days, after which a post-test examination was also given. A 20-item questionnaire rated on a three-point scale to access student's perception of the game was given to the game group. The post-test scores of the game group were significantly higher (P?anatomy. PMID:23878076

  9. Major Vascular Injury in Laparoscopic Urology

    PubMed Central

    Basiri, Abbas; Ziaee, Seyed-Amir-Mohsen; Tabibi, Ali; Nouralizadeh, Akbar; Radfar, Mohammad Hadi; Sarhangnejad, Reza; Mirsadeghi, Amin

    2014-01-01

    Background and Objectives: Major vascular injury is the most devastating complication of laparoscopy, occurring most commonly during the laparoscopic entry phase. Our goal is to report our experience with major vascular injury during laparoscopic entry with closed- and open-access techniques in urologic procedures. Methods: All 5347 patients who underwent laparoscopic urologic procedures from 1996 to 2011 at our hospital were included in the study. Laparoscopic entry was carried out by either the closed Veress needle technique or the modified open Hasson technique. Patients' charts were reviewed retrospectively to investigate for access-related major vascular injuries. Results: The closed technique was used in the first 474 operations and the open technique in the remaining 4873 cases. Three cases of major vascular injury were identified among our patients. They were 3 men scheduled for nephrectomy without any history of surgery. All injuries occurred in the closed-access group during the setup phase with insertion of the first trocar. The injury location was the abdominal aorta in 2 patients and the external iliac vein in 1 patient. Management was performed after conversion to open surgery, control of bleeding, and repair of the injured vessel. Conclusions: Given the high morbidity and mortality rates associated with major vascular injury, its clinically higher incidence in laparoscopic urologic procedures with the closed-access technique leads us to suggest using the open technique for the entry phase of laparoscopy. Using the open-access technique may decrease laparophobia and encourage a higher number of urologists to enter the laparoscopy field. PMID:25392667

  10. Anatomy of a Bird

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2007-12-01

    Using ESO's Very Large Telescope, an international team of astronomers [1] has discovered a stunning rare case of a triple merger of galaxies. This system, which astronomers have dubbed 'The Bird' - albeit it also bears resemblance with a cosmic Tinker Bell - is composed of two massive spiral galaxies and a third irregular galaxy. ESO PR Photo 55a/07 ESO PR Photo 55a/07 The Tinker Bell Triplet The galaxy ESO 593-IG 008, or IRAS 19115-2124, was previously merely known as an interacting pair of galaxies at a distance of 650 million light-years. But surprises were revealed by observations made with the NACO instrument attached to ESO's VLT, which peered through the all-pervasive dust clouds, using adaptive optics to resolve the finest details [2]. Underneath the chaotic appearance of the optical Hubble images - retrieved from the Hubble Space Telescope archive - the NACO images show two unmistakable galaxies, one a barred spiral while the other is more irregular. The surprise lay in the clear identification of a third, clearly separate component, an irregular, yet fairly massive galaxy that seems to be forming stars at a frantic rate. "Examples of mergers of three galaxies of roughly similar sizes are rare," says Petri Väisänen, lead author of the paper reporting the results. "Only the near-infrared VLT observations made it possible to identify the triple merger nature of the system in this case." Because of the resemblance of the system to a bird, the object was dubbed as such, with the 'head' being the third component, and the 'heart' and 'body' making the two major galaxy nuclei in-between of tidal tails, the 'wings'. The latter extend more than 100,000 light-years, or the size of our own Milky Way. ESO PR Photo 55b/07 ESO PR Photo 55b/07 Anatomy of a Bird Subsequent optical spectroscopy with the new Southern African Large Telescope, and archive mid-infrared data from the NASA Spitzer space observatory, confirmed the separate nature of the 'head', but also added further surprises. The 'head' and major parts of the 'Bird' are moving apart at more than 400 km/s (1.4 million km/h!). Observing such high velocities is very rare in merging galaxies. Also, the 'head' appears to be the major source of infrared luminosity in the system, though it is the smallest of the three galaxies. "It seems that NACO has caught the action right at the time of the first high-speed fly-by of the 'head' galaxy through the system consisting of the other two galaxies," says Seppo Mattila, member of the discovery team. "These two galaxies must have met earlier, probably a couple of hundred million years ago." The 'head' is forming stars violently, at a rate of nearly 200 solar masses per year, while the other two galaxies appear to be at a more quiescent epoch of their interaction-induced star formation history. The 'Bird' belongs to the prestigious family of luminous infrared galaxies, with an infrared luminosity nearly one thousand billion times that of the Sun. This family of galaxies has long been thought to signpost important events in galaxy evolution, such as mergers of galaxies, which in turn trigger bursts of star formation, and may eventually lead to the formation of a single elliptical galaxy. The findings presented here are reported in a paper to appear in a future issue of the journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ("Adaptive optics imaging and optical spectroscopy of a multiple merger in a luminous infrared galaxy", by P. Väisänen" et al.). Note [1]: The team is composed of P. Väisänen, A. Kniazev, D. A. H. Buckley, L. Crause, Y. Hashimoto, N. Loaring, E. Romero-Colmenero, and M. Still (SAAO, South Africa), S. Mattila (Tuorla Observatory, Finland), A. Adamo and G. Östlin (Stockholm University, Sweden), A. Efstathiou (Cyprus College, Nicosia, Cyprus), D. Farrah (Cornell University, USA), P. H. Johansson (Universitäts-Sternwarte München, Germany), E. B. Burgh and K. Nordsieck (University of Wisconsin, USA), P. Lira (Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile),

  11. Comparison of pelvic muscle architecture between humans and commonly used laboratory species

    PubMed Central

    Alperin, Marianna; Tuttle, Lori J.; Conner, Blair R.; Dixon, Danielle M.; Mathewson, Margie A.; Ward, Samuel R.

    2014-01-01

    Introduction and hypothesis Pelvic floor muscles (PFM) are deleteriously affected by vaginal birth, which contributes to the development of pelvic floor disorders. To mechanistically link these events, experiments using animal models are required, as access to human PFM tissue is challenging. In choosing an animal model, a comparative study of PFM design is necessary, since gross anatomy alone is insufficient to guide the selection. Methods Human PFM architecture was measured using micromechanical dissection and then compared with mouse (n=10), rat (n=10), and rabbit (n=10) using the Architectural Difference Index (ADI) (parameterizing a combined measure of sarcomere length-to-optimal-sarcomere ratio, fiber-to-muscle-length ratio, and fraction of total PFM mass and physiological cross-sectional area (PCSA) contributed by each muscle). Coccygeus (C), iliocaudalis (IC), and pubocaudalis (PC) were harvested and subjected to architectural measurements. Parameters within species were compared using repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA) with post hoc Tukey's tests. The scaling relationships of PFM across species were quantified using least-squares regression of log-10-transformed variables. Results Based on the ADI, rat was found to be the most similar to humans (ADI = 2.5), followed by mouse (ADI = 3.3). When animals' body mass was regressed against muscle mass, muscle length, fiber length, and PCSA scaling coefficients showed a negative allometric relationship or smaller increase than predicted by geometric scaling. Conclusion In terms of muscle design among commonly used laboratory animals, rat best approximates the human PFM, followed by mouse. Negative allometric scaling of PFM architectural parameters is likely due to the multifaceted function of these muscles. PMID:24915840

  12. Laparoscopic gastrectomy for gastric cancer in China: an overview.

    PubMed

    Lan, Huanrong; Zhu, Naibiao; Lan, Yuefu; Jin, Ketao; Teng, Lisong

    2015-01-01

    Since its introduction in China in 2000, laparoscopic gastrectomy has shown classical advantages of minimally invasive surgery over open counterpart. Like all the pioneers of the technique, Chinese gastrointestinal surgeons claim that laparoscopic gastrectomy led to faster recovery, shorter hospital stay and more rapid return to daily activities respect to open gastrectomy while offering the same functional and oncological results. There has been booming interest in laparoscopic gastrectomy since 2006 in China. The last decade has witnessed national growth in the application of laparoscopic gastrectomy and yielded a significant amount of scientific data to support its clinical merits and advantages. However, few prospective randomized controlled trials have investigated the benefits of laparoscopic gastrectomy in China. In this article, we make an overview of the current data and state of the art of laparoscopic gastrectomy for gastric cancer in China. PMID:25911902

  13. Laparoscopic surgery for colorectal cancer in China: an overview

    PubMed Central

    Jin, Ketao; Wang, Jun; Lan, Huanrong; Zhang, Ruili

    2014-01-01

    Since its introduction into China in 2001, laparoscopic techniques have been extensively used for the surgical management of colorectal cancer during the last two decades in China. Like all the pioneers of the technique, Chinese gastrointestinal surgeons claim that laparoscopic surgery for colorectal cancer led to faster recovery, shorter hospital stay and more rapid return to daily activities respect to open surgery while offering the same functional and oncological results. There has been booming interest in laparoscopic surgery for colorectal cancer since 2006 in China. The last decade has witnessed national growth in the application of laparoscopic surgery for colorectal cancer and yielded a significant amount of scientific data to support its clinical merits and advantages. However, few prospective randomized controlled trials have investigated the benefits of laparoscopic surgery for colorectal cancer in China. In this article, we make an overview of the current data and state of the art of laparoscopic surgery for colorectal cancer in China. PMID:25663960

  14. Hand-assisted laparoscopic splenectomy for ruptured spleen.

    PubMed

    Ren, C J; Salky, B; Reiner, M

    2001-03-01

    Although the laparoscopic technique is an accepted method for elective splenectomy, it is controversial in the setting of trauma. A few reports have described laparoscopic splenorrhaphy for trauma, but none have performed laparoscopic splenectomy for splenic rupture. When the spleen is injured, vascular control and poor visibility due to bleeding present obstacles to laparoscopy. The development of the hand-assist device has helped surgeons make the transition from laparotomy to laparoscopy because of the advantages it provides, such as tactile sensation and immediate vascular control. We utilized these benefits of the hand-assist device to convert a laparoscopic operation to a hand-assisted laparoscopic operation and were thus able to avoid a laparotomy. We report a case in which the hand-assist device was used as an alternative to conversion during a laparoscopic splenectomy for ruptured spleen. PMID:11344442

  15. Multivariate analysis of factors predicting outcome after laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Guilherme M. R. Campos; Jeffrey H. Peters; Tom R. DeMeester; Stefan Öberg; Peter F. Crookes; Silvia Tan; Steven R. DeMeester; Jeffrey A. Hagen; Cedric G. Bremner

    1999-01-01

    Laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication has been applied with increasing frequency in the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux\\u000a disease. The aim of this study was to determine the variahles that predict outcome of laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication.\\u000a A multivariate analysis was performed on data from 199 consecutive patients undergoing laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication.\\u000a Variables included age, sex, body mass index, primary symptoms, clinical response to

  16. The laparoscopic management of appendicitis and cholelithiasis during pregnancy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David G Affleck; Diana L Handrahan; Marlene J Egger; Raymond R Price

    1999-01-01

    Background: Laparoscopic management of appendicitis and symptomatic cholelithiasis during pregnancy remains controversial. We report the single largest series of laparoscopic cholecystectomies and appendectomies during pregnancy.Methods: Medical records of all pregnant patients who underwent open or laparoscopic management of appendicitis\\/cholelithiasis at LDS Hospital from 1990 to 1998 were reviewed.Results: Eighteen open appendectomies (OA) and 13 open cholecystectomies (OC) were performed. Forty-five

  17. Laparoscopic repair of Morgagni-Larrey hernia in a child

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mario Lima; Marcello Dòmini; Michele Libri; Antonino Morabito; Giovanni Tani; Remigio Dòmini

    2000-01-01

    Primary laparoscopic repair of Morgagni-Larrey hernia has been described in adult patients but not in children. This is the first report of primary laparoscopic correction in the pediatric age group without using a prosthesis. A Morgagni-Larrey hernia was found incidentally in a 3-year-old-girl. Laparoscopic correction of the defect was performed. After 6 months the patient is doing well. The chest

  18. Laparoscopic classification and treatment of the impalpable testis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sameh A. Hay; Hesham A. Soliman; Ahmed H. Abdel Rahman; Ibrahim E. Bassiouny

    1999-01-01

    Laparoscopic orchiopexy has gained popularity in recent years. However, the decision when to perform one-stage laparoscopic\\u000a orchiopexy without division of the spermatic vessels versus initial ligation of the spermatic vessels followed later by orchiopexy\\u000a is not clear. A new laparoscopic classification to facilitate decision-making during laparoscopy, according to the position\\u000a of the impalpable testis and the relation of the spermatic

  19. Laparoscopic Italian Experience with the Lap-Band ®

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. Angrisani; M. Alkilani; N. Basso; N. Belvederesi; F. Campanile; F. D. Capizzi; C. D'Atri; L. Di Cosmo; S. B. Doldi; F. Favretti; P. Forestieri; F. Furbetta; F. Giacomelli; C. Giardiello; A. Iuppa; G. Lesti; M. Lucchese; F. Puglisi; L. Scipioni; M. Toppino; G. U. Turicchia; A. Veneziani; C Docimo; V. Borrelli; M. Lorenzo

    2001-01-01

    Background: An increasing number of surgeons with different levels of experience with laparoscopic surgery and open obesity\\u000a surgery have started to perform laparoscopic implantation of the Lap-Band?. Methods: An electronic patient data sheet was created and was mailed and e-mailed to all surgeons performing laparoscopic\\u000a adjustable silicone gastric banding (LASGB) in Italy. Patients were recruited since January 1996. Data on

  20. Subhepatic Sterile Abscess 10 Years After Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

    PubMed Central

    Bartels, Anne K.; Zamora, Jose Gonzales

    2015-01-01

    We present a case of a large, sterile, subhepatic abdominal wall abscess secondary to foreign body reaction to dropped gallstones during laparoscopic cholecystectomy performed 10 years ago. Dropped gallstones are common complications of laparoscopic cholecystectomy, but they rarely result in abscess formation. When abscesses do occur, they may present a few months to a few years after surgery. It is important to recognize dropped gallstones as an etiology for subhepatic abscess in patients with history of laparoscopic cholecystectomy. PMID:26157931

  1. Hand-assisted laparoscopic splenectomy for ruptured spleen

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. J. Ren; B. Salky; M. Reiner

    2001-01-01

    Although the laparoscopic technique is an accepted method for elective splenectomy, it is controversial in the setting of\\u000a trauma. A few reports have described laparoscopic splenorrhaphy for trauma, but none have performed laparoscopic splenectomy\\u000a for splenic rupture. When the spleen is injured, vascular control and poor visibility due to bleeding present obstacles to\\u000a laparoscopy. The development of the hand-assist device

  2. Controlling the vocabulary for anatomy.

    PubMed Central

    Baud, R. H.; Lovis, C.; Rassinoux, A. M.; Ruch, P.; Geissbuhler, A.

    2002-01-01

    When confronted with the representation of human anatomy, natural language processing (NLP) system designers are facing an unsolved and frequent problem: the lack of a suitable global reference. The available sources in electronic format are numerous, but none fits adequately all the constraints and needs of language analysis. These sources are usually incomplete, difficult to use or tailored to specific needs. The anatomist's or ontologist's view does not necessarily match that of the linguist. The purpose of this paper is to review most recognized sources of knowledge in anatomy usable for linguistic analysis. Their potential and limits are emphasized according to this point of view. Focus is given on the role of the consensus work of the International Federation of Associations of Anatomists (IFAA) giving the Terminologia Anatomica. PMID:12463780

  3. [Surgical anatomy of the nose].

    PubMed

    Nguyen, P S; Bardot, J; Duron, J B; Jallut, Y; Aiach, G

    2014-12-01

    Thorough knowledge of the anatomy of the nose is an essential prerequisite for preoperative analysis and the understanding of surgical techniques. Like a tent supported by its frame, the nose is an osteo-chondral structure covered by a peri-chondroperiosteal envelope, muscle and cutaneous covering tissues. For didactic reasons, we have chosen to treat this chapter in the form of comments from eight key configurations that the surgeon should acquire before performing rhinoplasty. PMID:25159815

  4. Anatomy Resources Provided by MCW Libraries Acland's Video Atlas of Human Anatomy, ClinicalKey, LWW Health Library Premium

    E-print Network

    Anatomy Resources Provided by MCW Libraries Acland's Video Atlas of Human Anatomy, ClinicalKey, LWW the library proxy server. Acland's Video Atlas of Human Anatomy Web-based product featuring freshly dissected such as Atlas of Human Anatomy (Netter) and over 20 additional Netter titles, Gray's Anatomy for Students

  5. [Laparoscopic robot-assisted partial nephrectomy with total ureterectomy in a symptomatic complete duplicated system: advantages of transperitoneal approach].

    PubMed

    Tostivint, V; Doumerc, N; Roumiguie, M; Beauval, J-B; Rischmann, P; Soulie, M; Galinier, P; Bouali, O

    2014-10-01

    We report the case of a laparoscopic robot assisted left upper polar partial nephrectomy with total ureterectomy performed in a teenager. A 14 year-old girl was referred to our institution for stress urinary incontinence. The morphological assessment (ultrasound scan and uro-MRI) showed a double collecting system with a complete ureteral duplication complicated by a dysplasia of the upper moiety of the duplex left kidney and a mega ureter. The surgery started on a lateral decubitus position by the upper polar partial nephrectomy and the ureter section behind superior polar renal vessels. The patient was placed in a supine position and the mega ureter was released and sectioned at the level of the distal adynamic segment in the left uterine parameter. The transperitoneal route was chosen as it provides a large workspace and allows the dissection of the ureters into their pelvic portion by a simple repositioning of the robot ports without additional incision and without any modification of the operative field. No intraoperative and postoperative complication was noticed. Laparoscopic robotic assisted surgery in pediatric urology is increasing, and to our knowledge, we reported this technique and surgery for the first time in France and in children. In the reported case, we showed that the robotic minimally invasive surgery in children is an innovative and safe technique for the treatment of symptomatic upper urinary tract malformations. PMID:25176144

  6. Outcomes analysis of laparoscopic resection of pancreatic neoplasms

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. A. Pierce; J. A. Spitler; W. G. Hawkins; S. M. Strasberg; D. C. Linehan; V. J. Halpin; J. C. Eagon; L. M. Brunt; M. M. Frisella; B. D. Matthews

    2007-01-01

    Background  Experience with laparoscopic resection of pancreatic neoplasms remains limited. The purpose of this study is to critically\\u000a analyze the indications for and outcomes after laparoscopic resection of pancreatic neoplasms.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  The medical records of all patients undergoing laparoscopic resection of pancreatic neoplasms from July 2000 to February 2006\\u000a were reviewed. Data are expressed as mean ± standard deviation.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Results  Laparoscopic pancreatic resection

  7. Robotic-Assisted Laparoscopic Donor Nephrectomy: Decreasing Length of Stay

    PubMed Central

    Cohen, Ari J.; Williams, Darin S.; Bohorquez, Humberto; Bruce, David S.; Carmody, Ian C.; Reichman, Trevor; Loss, George E.

    2015-01-01

    Background The number of robotic operations performed with the da Vinci Surgical System has increased during the past decade. This system allows for greater maneuverability and control than hand-assisted laparoscopic procedures, resulting in less tissue manipulation and irritation. Methods We retrospectively analyzed the results of 100 consecutive robotic-assisted laparoscopic donor nephrectomies and compared them to our most recent 20 hand-assisted laparoscopic donor nephrectomies. Results Between May 2008 and June 2012, 120 laparoscopic donor nephrectomies were performed at Ochsner Clinic Foundation. Of those, 100 live kidney donors underwent robotic-assisted laparoscopic donor nephrectomies. Surgical time and hospital length of stay improved after the first 20 patients receiving robotic-assisted laparoscopic nephrectomies, which was considered the learning curve. Sixty percent of patients who underwent robotic-assisted laparoscopic donor nephrectomies were released on postoperative day 1 compared to 45% of patients who underwent hand-assisted laparoscopic techniques. Conclusion In our experience, robotic-assisted laparoscopic donor nephrectomy resulted in decreased postoperative length of stay that decreased the global cost of the procedure and allowed our institution to admit more patients. PMID:25829876

  8. [Laparoscopic surgery for colorectal cancer with liver metastasis].

    PubMed

    Zheng, Minhua; Ma, Junjun

    2015-06-25

    For the patients who have colorectal cancer with liver metastasis, synchronous resection or staged surgery for primary colorectal tumor and liver metastasis is usually needed which is associated with significant trauma. The role of laparoscopic colorectal surgery has been established and its application in colorectal cancer with liver metastasis increases gradually. Laparoscopic surgery for colorectal liver metastasis as a minimally invasive approach should also follow the oncological principles of colorectal liver metastasis, and the appropriate timing for laparoscopic surgery should be individualized. With the development of the laparoscopic surgery, more patients will benefit from minimally invasive surgery for colorectal liver metastasis. PMID:26108758

  9. Superior mesenteric vein thrombosis after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy.

    PubMed

    Pineda, Lucas; Sarhan, Mohammad; Ahmed, Leaque

    2013-08-01

    Laparoscopic procedures for morbid obesity are becoming standard of care which, in experienced hands, has a very low mortality and morbidity. Superior mesenteric vein thrombosis has been reported in the literature after different bariatric and nonbariatric laparoscopic procedures. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy is a relatively new procedure in the treatment of morbid obesity; its complications being well-known including staple line leak, bleeding, and stricture among others. We present a case of superior mesenteric vein thrombosis after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy successfully managed conservatively with therapeutic anticoagulation, and propose a different hypothesis for the development of such a complication. PMID:23917607

  10. Anatomy of the infant head

    SciTech Connect

    Bosma, J.F.

    1986-01-01

    This text is mainly an atlas of illustration representing the dissection of the head and upper neck of the infant. It was prepared by the author over a 20-year period. The commentary compares the anatomy of the near-term infant with that of a younger fetus, child, and adult. As the author indicates, the dearth of anatomic information about postnatal anatomic changes represents a considerable handicap to those imaging infants. In part 1 of the book, anatomy is related to physiologic performance involving the pharynx, larynx, and mouth. Sequential topics involve the regional anatomy of the head (excluding the brain), the skeleton of the cranium, the nose, orbit, mouth, larynx, pharynx, and ear. To facilitate use of this text as a reference, the illustrations and text on individual organs are considered separately (i.e., the nose, the orbit, the eye, the mouth, the larynx, the pharynx, and the ear). Each part concerned with a separate organ includes materials from the regional illustrations contained in part 2 and from the skeleton, which is treated in part 3. Also included in a summary of the embryologic and fetal development of the organ.

  11. Hip: Anatomy and US technique

    PubMed Central

    Molini, L.; Precerutti, M.; Gervasio, A.; Draghi, F.; Bianchi, S.

    2011-01-01

    Ultrasound (US) has always had a relatively limited role in the evaluation of the hip due to the deep location of this joint. However, many hip diseases are well detectable at US, but before approaching such a study it is necessary to be thoroughly familiar with the normal anatomy and related US images. The study technique is particularly important as optimization of various parameters is required, such as probe frequency, focalization, positioning of the probe, etc. Also the patient’s position is important, as it varies according to the area requiring examination. For the study of the anterior structures, the patient should be in the supine position; for the medial structures, the leg should be abducted and rotated outward with the knee flexed; for the lateral structures, the patient should be in the controlateral decubitus position; for the posterior structures the patient must be in the prone position. US study of the hip includes assessment of the soft tissues, tendons, ligaments and muscles, and also of the bone structures, joint space and serous bursae. The purpose of this article is to review the normal anatomy of the hip as well as the US anatomy of this joint. PMID:23397030

  12. Anterior pelvic reconstruction with ileum after cancer treatment.

    PubMed

    Hendry, W F; Christmas, T J; Shepherd, J H

    1991-12-01

    Ileum has been used to reconstruct the lower urinary tract in 15 patients (10 women, five men) after treatment for bladder or gynaecological cancer. Seven patients had previously received radical pelvic irradiation. Four methods were used: group 1 (five patients): bladder patch after partial cystectomy or bladder augmentation after clam cystotomy for bladder contracture; group 2 (four patients): bladder replacement after subtotal (supratrigonal) cystectomy; group 3 (two patients): ureteric replacement for lower ureteric obstruction or fistula, and group 4 (four patients): complete replacement of bladder and lower ureters after anterior pelvic exenteration, with creation of neovagina from caecum in the two female patients. Review of the results indicates that ileum provides a versatile and safe material for anterior pelvic reconstruction in cancer patients even after previous pelvic irradiation. PMID:1774743

  13. Animal models of female pelvic organ prolapse: lessons learned

    PubMed Central

    Couri, Bruna M; Lenis, Andrew T; Borazjani, Ali; Paraiso, Marie Fidela R; Damaser, Margot S

    2012-01-01

    Pelvic organ prolapse is a vaginal protrusion of female pelvic organs. It has high prevalence worldwide and represents a great burden to the economy. The pathophysiology of pelvic organ prolapse is multifactorial and includes genetic predisposition, aberrant connective tissue, obesity, advancing age, vaginal delivery and other risk factors. Owing to the long course prior to patients becoming symptomatic and ethical questions surrounding human studies, animal models are necessary and useful. These models can mimic different human characteristics – histological, anatomical or hormonal, but none present all of the characteristics at the same time. Major animal models include knockout mice, rats, sheep, rabbits and nonhuman primates. In this article we discuss different animal models and their utility for investigating the natural progression of pelvic organ prolapse pathophysiology and novel treatment approaches. PMID:22707980

  14. Laparoscopic Conversion of Laparoscopic Gastric Banding to Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass: a Review of 70 Patients

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Philippe Mognol; Denis Chosidow; Jean-Pierre Marmuse

    2004-01-01

    Background: The feasibility and outcomes of conversion of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) to laparoscopic Roux-en-Y\\u000a gastric bypass (LRYGBP) was evaluated. Methods: From November 2000 to March 2004, all patients who underwent laparoscopic\\u000a conversion of LAGB to LRYGBP were retrospectively analyzed. The procedure included adhesiolysis, resection of the previous\\u000a band, creation of an isolated gastric pouch, 100-cm Roux-limb, side-to-side jejuno-jejunostomy,

  15. Laparoscopic Gastric ReBanding versus Laparoscopic Gastric Bypass as a Rescue Operation for Patients with Pouch dilatation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Lanthaler; R. Mittermair; B. Erne; H. Weiss; F. Aigner; H. Nehoda

    2006-01-01

    Background:The authors assessed whether laparoscopic rebanding or laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGBP) is the best\\u000a approach for failed gastric banding after pouch dilatation. Methods: Between January 2000 and June 2005, 489 patients underwent\\u000a laparoscopic gastric banding, and of these, 33 (6.7%) required rescue procedures for pouch dilatation. Each reoperated patient\\u000a was contacted to obtain information about their postoperative course. Additionally,

  16. A comparison between randomly alternating imaging, normal laparoscopic imaging, and virtual reality training in laparoscopic psychomotor skill acquisition

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Julie-Anne Jordan; Anthony G Gallagher; Jim McGuigan; Kieran McGlade; Neil McClure

    2000-01-01

    Objectives: To evaluate virtual reality as a laparoscopic training device in helping surgeons to automate to the “fulcrum effect” by comparing it to time-matched training programs using randomly alternating images (ie, y-axis inverted and normal laparoscopic) and normal laparoscopic viewing conditions.Methods: Twenty-four participants (16 females and 8 males), were randomly assigned to minimally invasive surgery virtual reality (MIST VR), randomly

  17. Outcomes and Pelvic Floor Interventions: Can We Predict?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W. Stuart Reynolds; Melissa R. Kaufman; Roger R. Dmochowski

    2010-01-01

    An evolving trend in reporting outcomes after pelvic floor interventions is focusing increasingly on patient-reported outcomes\\u000a as assessments of pelvic floor conditions and of results after intervention. Efforts have been made to scientifically validate\\u000a patient-reported outcomes instruments and to standardize their use in clinical research. Additionally, guidelines have been\\u000a published recommending minimum requirements for incorporating patient-reported outcomes in peer-reviewed publications.

  18. Evaluation of Pelvic Floor Muscle Strength Using Four Different Techniques

    Microsoft Academic Search

    U. M. Peschers; A. Gingelmaier; K. Jundt; B. Leib; T. Dimpfl

    2001-01-01

    :   The aim of the study was to evaluate whether four different techniques were able to correctly measure pelvic floor muscle\\u000a strength only. Sixteen volunteers performed a set of muscle contractions using the pelvic floor muscles (PFM) only, the abdominal\\u000a muscles with and without PFM, gluteal muscles with and without PFM, adductor muscles with and without PFM and Valsalva maneuver

  19. Bladder-Sparing Surgery in Locally Advanced Nonurological Pelvic Malignancy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. Siva Prasad; K. N. Chacko; D. Antony; G. Lionel; N. S. Kekre; G. Gopalakrishnan

    2006-01-01

    Introduction: The urinary bladder is commonly involved in pelvic malignancy. The incidence of apparent extension into adjacent organs in locally advanced colorectal malignancy is 5–12%. It is not known with other pelvic malignancy. No guidelines are available for its management. Often a dilemma exists between cystectomy and a bladder-sparing procedure. We studied the validity of bladder-sparing surgery (BSS) in locally

  20. Pelvic Sepsis After Extended Hartmann’s?Procedure

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anders Tøttrup; Lise Frost

    2005-01-01

    PURPOSE  An extended Hartmanns procedure is occasionally useful in rectal resections, because anastomotic, perineal, and functional problems are eliminated. This study was designed to examine the occurrence of pelvic sepsis after this procedure and identify possible risk factors.METHODS  Medical records were available for 163 patients (89 females) undergoing rectal resection with colostomy and closure of the rectal remnant. Information about pelvic sepsis

  1. Pregnancy Related Low Back and Pelvic Pain: a surgical approach

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. M. A. Zwienen

    2005-01-01

    More than half of all pregnant women experience low back and\\/or pelvic pain of whom one-third has severe complaints. In most cases the pelvic pain disap­pears within a few months after delivery, either spontaneously or after con­servative treatment. In a minority of patients the pain persists even after a multidisciplinary rehabilitation program and may cause severe disability. Some patients may

  2. Female Pelvic Vein Embolization: Indications, Techniques, and Outcomes.

    PubMed

    Lopez, Anthony James

    2015-08-01

    Until recently, the main indication for pelvic vein embolization (PVE) in women was to treat pelvic venous congestion syndrome (PVC) but increasingly, patients with refluxing pelvic veins associated with leg varicosities are also being treated. A more unusual reason for PVE is to treat pelvic venous malformations, although such lesions may be treated with sclerotherapy alone. Embolotherapy for treating PVC has been performed for many years with several published studies included in this review, whilst an emerging indication for PVE is to treat lower limb varicosities associated with pelvic vein reflux. Neither group, however, has been subjected to an adequate randomized, controlled trial. Consequently, some of the information presented in this review should be considered anecdotal (level III evidence) at this stage, and a satisfactory 'proof' of clinical efficacy remains deficient until higher-level evidence is presented. Furthermore, a wide range of techniques not accepted by all are used, and some standardization will be required based on future mandatory prospective studies. Large studies have also clearly shown an unacceptably high recurrence rate of leg varicose veins following venous surgery. Furthermore, minimally or non-invasive imaging is now revealing that there is a refluxing pelvic venous source in a significant percentage of women with de novo leg varicose veins, and many more with recurrent varicosities. Considering that just over half the world's population is female and a significant number of women not only have pelvic venous reflux, but also have associated leg varicosities, minimally invasive treatment of pelvic venous incompetence will become a common procedure. PMID:25804635

  3. LEAF ANATOMY OF ORCUTTIEAE (POACEAE: CHLORIDOIDEAE): MORE EVIDENCE OF C4 PHOTOSYNTHESIS WITHOUT KRANZ ANATOMY

    E-print Network

    Pockman, William T.

    LEAF ANATOMY OF ORCUTTIEAE (POACEAE: CHLORIDOIDEAE): MORE EVIDENCE OF C4 PHOTOSYNTHESIS WITHOUT KRANZ ANATOMY LAURA M. BOYKIN1,2,3 , WILLIAM T. POCKMAN1 AND TIMOTHY K. LOWREY1 1 Department of Biology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131 ABSTRACT C4 photosynthesis without Kranz anatomy (single

  4. A protocol for the initial management of unstable pelvic fractures.

    PubMed

    Bassam, D; Cephas, G A; Ferguson, K A; Beard, L N; Young, J S

    1998-09-01

    The initial management of life-threatening hemorrhage associated with severe pelvic fractures has long been a source of debate. A review of the literature reveals that many advocate emergent orthopedic external fixation (EX-FIX) for severe pelvic fractures, whereas others claim greater success with angiographic embolization (ANGIO) as the first line of treatment. Although many have attempted to classify management options by fracture pattern, to date there has been no prospective trial comparing outcomes for each method of treatment. We offer a prospective study of all pelvic fracture patients admitted to our Level I trauma center between July 1994 and July 1995. Patients were classified according to fracture pattern and degree of hemodynamic instability. Those with primarily anterior pelvic ring fractures underwent emergent EX-FIX for control of hemorrhage, whereas those with primarily posterior pelvic ring fractures underwent emergent ANGIO to control hemorrhage. We found that blood product requirements and hospital stay were similar in each group. However, the complication rate was higher in patients who underwent initial emergency EX-FIX, primarily because of failure to adequately control hemorrhage. We conclude that patients with anterior-posterior compression type 2 and 3, lateral compression type 2 and 3, or vertical shear injuries, who are hemodynamically unstable as a result of their pelvic fracture, should undergo immediate ANGIO if laparotomy is not indicated. If laparotomy is indicated, EX-FIX should be placed intraoperatively, followed by postoperative ANGIO. PMID:9731815

  5. Automated extraction of pelvic features in portal and simulation images

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yin, Fang-Fang; Nie, Kaiwen; Chen, Lulin; Chen, Chang W.

    1996-04-01

    A new approach, a pyramid template matching as guided by a snake, is developed for the extraction of pelvic features in both portal and simulation images. Initially, the treatment field edge was extracted using a Canny edge detector. A template modeled using a polynomial function for the typical pelvic structures was used as the initial approximation for the anteroposterior (AP) pelvic brim. Several energies were defined to search the actual bony structures as guided by the snake in a larger range. In this study, a double-snake model coupled with a spring was developed to define the external constraint force. The image force was calculated from various processed images using different edge detection algorithms. The criterion used for search termination was to find the locations where the overall energy was at its minimum. The result of the initial search was fit using a polynomial function as the second approximation for the pelvic bony structure. Snake searching technique was repeated in a smaller range around the initial identified features for fine search of pelvic bony structure. This technique has shown to be very promising for extracting pelvic features.

  6. Pelvic Vein Embolisation in the Management of Varicose Veins

    SciTech Connect

    Ratnam, Lakshmi A. [St. George's Hospital, Department of Radiology (United Kingdom); Marsh, Petra; Holdstock, Judy M.; Harrison, Charmaine S. [Stirling House, Whiteley Clinic (United Kingdom); Hussain, Fuad F. [Royal Surrey County Hospital, Department of Radiology (United Kingdom); Whiteley, Mark S. [Stirling House, Whiteley Clinic (United Kingdom); Lopez, Anthony, E-mail: consultant@radiologist.co.u [Royal Surrey County Hospital, Department of Radiology (United Kingdom)

    2008-11-15

    Pelvic vein incompetence is common in patients with atypical varicose veins, contributing to their recurrence after surgery. Therefore, refluxing pelvic veins should be identified and treated. We present our experience with pelvic vein embolisation in patients presenting with varicose veins. Patients presenting with varicose veins with a duplex-proven contribution from perivulval veins undergo transvaginal duplex sonography (TVUS) to identify refluxing pelvic veins. Those with positive scans undergo embolisation before surgical treatment of their lower limb varicose veins. A total of 218 women (mean age of 46.3 years) were treated. Parity was documented in the first 60 patients, of whom 47 (78.3%) were multiparous, 11 (18.3%) had had one previous pregnancy, and 2 (3.3%) were nulliparous. The left ovarian vein was embolised in 78%, the right internal iliac in 64.7%, the left internal iliac in 56.4%, and the right ovarian vein in 42.2% of patients. At follow-up TVUS, mild reflux only was seen in 16, marked persistent reflux in 6, and new reflux in 3 patients. These 9 women underwent successful repeat embolisation. Two patients experienced pulmonary embolisation of the coils, of whom 1 was asymptomatic and 1 was successfully retrieved; 1 patient had a misplaced coil protruding into the common femoral vein; and 1 patient had perineal thrombophlebitis. The results of our study showed that pelvic venous embolisation by way of a transjugular approach is a safe and effective technique in the treatment of pelvic vein reflux.

  7. Effectiveness of inpatient and outpatient treatment strategies for women with pelvic inflammatory disease: Results from the pelvic inflammatory disease evaluation and clinical health (peach) randomized trial

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Roberta B. Ness; David E. Soper; Robert L. Holley; Jeffrey Peipert; Hugh Randall; Richard L. Sweet; Steven J. Sondheimer; Susan L. Hendrix; Antonio Amortegui; Giuliana Trucco; Thomas Songer; Judith R. Lave; Sharon L. Hillier; Debra C. Bass; Sheryl F. Kelsey

    2002-01-01

    Objective: Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a common and morbid intraperitoneal infection. Although most women with pelvic inflammatory disease are treated as outpatients, the effectiveness of this strategy remains unproven. Study Design: We enrolled 831 women with clinical signs and symptoms of mild-to-moderate pelvic inflammatory disease into a multicenter randomized clinical trial of inpatient treatment initiated by intravenous cefoxitin and

  8. Comparison of open and laparoscopic live donor nephrectomy.

    PubMed Central

    Flowers, J L; Jacobs, S; Cho, E; Morton, A; Rosenberger, W F; Evans, D; Imbembo, A L; Bartlett, S T

    1997-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: This study compares an initial group of patients undergoing laparoscopic live donor nephrectomy to a group of patients undergoing open donor nephrectomy to assess the efficacy, morbidity, and patient recovery after the laparoscopic technique. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Recent data have shown the technical feasibility of harvesting live renal allografts using a laparoscopic approach. However, comparison of donor recovery, morbidity, and short-term graft function to open donor nephrectomy has not been performed previously. METHODS: An initial series of patients undergoing laparoscopic live donor nephrectomy were compared to historic control subjects undergoing open donor nephrectomy. The groups were matched for age, gender, race, and comorbidity. Graft function, intraoperative variables, and clinical outcome of the two groups were compared. RESULTS: Laparoscopic donor nephrectomy was attempted in 70 patients and completed successfully in 94% of cases. Graft survival was 97% versus 98% (p = 0.6191), and immediate graft function occurred in 97% versus 100% in the laparoscopic and open groups, respectively (p = 0.4961). Blood loss, length of stay, parenteral narcotic requirements, resumption of diet, and return to normal activity were significantly less in the laparoscopic group. Mean warm ischemia time was 3 minutes after laparoscopic harvest. Morbidity was 14% in the laparoscopic group and 35% in the open group. There was no mortality in either group. CONCLUSIONS: Laparoscopic live donor nephrectomy can be performed with morbidity and mortality comparable to open donor nephrectomy, with substantial improvements in patient recovery after the laparoscopic approach. Initial graft survival and function rates are equal to those of open donor nephrectomy, but longer follow-up is necessary to confirm these observations. PMID:9351716

  9. Haptic rendering for VR laparoscopic surgery simulation.

    PubMed

    McColl, Ryan; Brown, Ian; Seligman, Cory; Lim, Fabian; Alsaraira, Amer

    2006-03-01

    This project concerns the application of haptic feedback to a VR laparoscopic surgery simulator. Haptic attributes such as mass, friction, elasticity, roughness and viscosity are individually modeled, validated and applied to the existing visual simulation created by researchers at Monash University. Haptic feedback is an essential element in an immersive and realistic virtual reality laparoscopic training simulator. The haptic system must display stable, continuous and realistic multi-dimensional force feedback, and its inclusion should enhance the simulators training capability. Stability is a recurring concern throughout haptic history, and will be tackled with the implementation of a stable control algorithm and a passive environment model. Haptic force feedback modeling, systems implementation and validation studies form the principal areas of new work associated with this project. PMID:16623225

  10. Laparoscopic fascial suture repair of parastomal hernia

    PubMed Central

    Zia, Khawaja; McGowan, David Ross; Moore, Etienne

    2013-01-01

    Parastomal hernia is a recognised complication following stoma formation, representing a challenging problem to surgeons. At least three approaches for parastomal hernia repair have been described: fascial suture repair, relocation of stoma and local repair with use of mesh. In simple fascial suture repair only open techniques have been described. Relocation of stoma can be complicated with another parastomal hernia at the new site and risk of incisional hernia at the site of previous stoma. Mesh repair can be either open or laparoscopic. The recurrence rate and complications of parastomal hernia repair remain very high. We have invented a simple fascial suture laparoscopic repair of parastomal hernia with the use of the Crochet hook needle (EndoClose). This new technique may result in reduced pain, earlier discharge from hospital and reduced risk of infection as there is no mesh used as well as reduced risk of seroma formation. PMID:23780775

  11. Laparoscopic distal pancreatosplenectomy for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma.

    PubMed

    Kuroki, Tamotsu; Eguchi, Susumu

    2014-08-26

    Laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy (LDP) including laparoscopic distal pancreatosplenectomy has rapidly developed as a minimally invasive surgery. LDP is mainly indicated for benign disease and low-grade malignancy during the initial period. In recent years, an increasing number of LDPs for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) have been reported. However, the benefits of LPD for PDAC, especially in view of the oncological benefits, are unclear and remain controversial. In this review of the literature, we note that LDP has been found to be a technically feasible and safe surgical procedure in selected patients and that LDP has the advantages expected of a minimally invasive surgery. In addition, LDP has oncological feasibility for PDAC in light of its favorable rate of R0 resection and lymph node harvest compared to conventional laparotomy. Large randomized and controlled prospective studies are needed to determine the clinical advantages of LDP for left-sided PDAC. PMID:25156008

  12. Perforated diverticulitis sigmoidei after laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

    PubMed

    Eljaja, Salameh; Hadi, Sabah; El-Hussuna, Alaa

    2015-01-01

    We present a case of 47-year-old healthy man who underwent an uneventful elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Despite the postoperative analgesia with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), the patient developed diffuse abdominal pain culminating on the second postoperative day when the patient also had rebound tenderness. A diagnostic laparoscopy showed diverticular perforation, which was treated with laparoscopic lavage and drain. The patient's condition continued to deteriorate and the drain output resembled faecal material necessitating an emergency sigmoidium resection. The histopathological examination confirmed inflammation and perforation in the diverticulosis-bearing segment. The use of NSAID can be a reason for perforation, and may be for diverticulitis. NSAID should be used with caution in patients with a previous history or endoscopic-verified diverticulosis. PMID:25770142

  13. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy for traumatic gallbladder perforation

    PubMed Central

    Hamilton, C; Carmichael, SP; Bernard, AC

    2012-01-01

    In trauma, laparoscopic surgery is commonly utilized as a diagnostic rather than therapeutic measure (1). Its use is often negated because of exigency or limitations in visibility due to haemorrhage. In the present case, a 35-year-old male was involved in a motor vehicle collision and arrived haemodynamically stable with abdominal pain. Abdominal CT revealed liver laceration and active contrast extravasation near the gallbladder fossa. Although angiography with embolization would normally be used, exploratory laparoscopy was performed because of concern for gallbladder injury. The gallbladder was found to be perforated and nearly completely avulsed from the fossa. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy was performed and the patient recovered uneventfully. Gallbladder perforation after trauma is typically an incidental finding during operation for haemorrhagic shock or other indication. Early diagnosis and swift surgical intervention are required, usually via laparotomy. However, when diagnosed preoperatively in the stable trauma victim, gallbladder perforation can be treated successfully with laparoscopy. PMID:24960682

  14. AUTOMATIC ANATOMY RECOGNITION VIA FUZZY OBJECT Jayaram K. Udupaa

    E-print Network

    Ciesielski, Krzysztof Chris

    AUTOMATIC ANATOMY RECOGNITION VIA FUZZY OBJECT MODELS Jayaram K. Udupaa , Dewey Odhnera , Alexandre radiological practice, computerized automatic anatomy recognition (AAR) during radiological image reading

  15. Unexpected pathology during laparoscopic bariatric surgery

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. W. Finnell; A. K. Madan; C. A. Ternovits; S. J. Menachery; D. S. Tichansky

    2007-01-01

    Background  The popularity of bariatric surgery has increased in recent years with the escalating incidence of morbid obesity in our society.\\u000a The improvement in minimally invasive technology and the increased number of laparoscopic bariatric procedures being performed\\u000a have resulted in the discovery of unexpected pathology not suspected preoperatively. The authors hypothesized that the occurrence\\u000a of unexpected pathology is not associated with

  16. Laparoscopic repair of a Morgagni hernia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. G. Rau; H. M. Schardey; V. Lange

    1994-01-01

    Laparoscopic repair of a diaphragmatic hernia through the right sternocostal foramen of Morgagni in an obese 42-year-old man is described. The indications for surgery were symptoms of strain-induced dyspnea and tightness in the chest. The technique was carried out by incorporating a marlex mesh into the defect and fixing it in place with hernia staples. The patient had an immediate

  17. The Development of Laparoscopic Surgery in Spain

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Xavier Feliu; Eduardo María Targarona; Ana García-Agustí; Albert Pey; Angel Carrillo; Antonio María Lacy; Salvador Morales; José Luis Salvador; Antonio Torres; Enrique Veloso

    2004-01-01

    Aim: To assess degree of development and level of acceptance of laparoscopic surgery in Spain. Method: A questionnaire was sent to all members of the Spanish Association of Surgeons in April 2003. It included 32 questions, 9 of which were general, and 23 referred to specific clinical situations, techniques, and standard practice. Results: Eight hundred and fifty-eight (33.1%) surgeons replied.

  18. Laparoscopic versus Open Appendectomy: Time to Decide

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Abe Fingerhut; Bertrand Millat; Fredéric Borrie

    1999-01-01

    .   Although widely practiced, laparoscopic appendectomy (LA) has not met with universal approval. Several controlled trials\\u000a have been conducted, some in favor, others not. The goal of this review was to ascertain (1) if laparoscopy was capable of\\u000a improving the diagnostic and therapeutic difficulties encountered during open appendectomy (OA) and (2) if the introduction\\u000a of laparoscopy in the overall management

  19. Revisional surgery after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy.

    PubMed

    Ferrer-Márquez, Manuel; Belda-Lozano, Ricardo; Solvas-Salmerón, Ma José; Ferrer-Ayza, Manuel

    2015-02-01

    The recent increase in the frequency of bariatric surgery, especially laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy, is associated with an increase in the frequency of revisional bariatric surgery. The causes of this are numerous but can be summarized as: (1) late fistulae (2) stenosis; (3) gastroesophageal reflux; and (4) weight regain (by increasing or not increasing the gastric volume). We present below a review of the clinical features, diagnosis, and treatment of them. PMID:25318535

  20. Laparoscopic Treatment of Pancreatic Pseudocysts in Children

    PubMed Central

    Rothenberg, Steven; Tsao, Kuojen; Wulkan, Mark L.; Ponsky, Todd A.; St. Peter, Shawn D.; Ostlie, Daniel J.; Kane, Timothy D.

    2009-01-01

    Abstract Background Pancreatic pseudocysts are problematic sequelae of pancreatitis or pancreatic trauma causing persistent abdominal pain, nausea, and gastric outlet obstruction. Due to the low volume of disease in children, there is scant information in the literature on the operative management of pseudocysts with minimally invasive techniques. We conducted a multi-institutional review to illustrate several technical variations utilized in achieving laparoscopic cystgastrostomy in the pediatric population. Methods A retrospective review was conducted of all patients who underwent laparoscopic cystgastrostomy in five institutions. Patient data, operative techniques, and postoperative course were analyzed. Results There were 13 patients with a mean age of 10.4 years and mean weight of 52.1 kg. The etiologies of pancreatitis included: trauma (4), gallstones (3), chemotherapy (2), hereditary (1), and idiopathic (3). Preoperative radiographic measurements of the maximal cyst diameter averaged 11.7 cm. Cystgastrostomy was approached by using transgastric exposure in 5 cases and intragastric ports in 8 cases. An average of four ports were used to complete these operations. Mean operative time was 113 minutes. There were no conversions in this series. Cystgastrostomy was performed by using an endoscopic stapler (average 3.8 loads) in 6 cases, sutures in 6 cases, and 1 was formed solely with the Harmonic Scalpel (Johnson and Johnson). Gastrotomy sites were closed by using a stapler in 4 cases and suture techniques in 9. Mean time to initial and goal feeds was 3 and 4 days, respectively. Postoperative imaging revealed persistent pseudocyst in 1 patient, who was treated with a distal pancreatectomy. Therefore, 92% required no further operative intervention and remained asymptomatic upon recovery from their pancreatitis. Conclusion A laparoscopic approach to pancreatic cystgastrostomy for chronic pseudocyst proved to be safe and effective in this five-institution survey. Techniques varied, but 92% had complete resolution with minimal morbidity and rapid recovery. Laparoscopic cystgastrostomy should be considered as an appropriate first-line treatment for chronic pseudocysts in children. PMID:19281422

  1. Learning kinematic mappings in laparoscopic surgery

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Felix C. Huang; Carla M. Pugh; James L. Patton; Ferdinando A. Mussa-Ivaldi

    2010-01-01

    We devised an interactive environment in which subjects could perform simulated laparoscopic maneuvers, using either unconstrained movements or standard mechanical contact typical of a box-trainer. During training the virtual tool responded to the absolute position in space (Position-Based) or the orientation (Orientation-Based) of a hand-held sensor. Volunteers were further assigned to different sequences of target distances (Near-Far-Near or Far-Near-Far). Orientation-Based

  2. Outcomes of Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy in Octogenarians

    PubMed Central

    Marcari, Rafael S.; Roberto Nadal, Luis; Rego, Ronaldo E.; Coelho, Andrea M.; de Matos Farah, José Francisco

    2012-01-01

    Background and Objectives: Extremely elderly patients usually present with complicated gallstone disease and are less likely to undergo definitive treatment. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in octogenarians, with an interest in patients presenting initially with complicated gallstone disease and pancreatitis who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy during the same hospitalization. Methods: Data for 42 patients ?80 years who underwent an elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy between January 2007 and August 2011 were retrospectively reviewed. Indications for the procedure were stratified into 2 groups: Outpatients, who were admitted electively to undergo cholecystectomy, and Inpatients, who came to our Emergency Room due to complicated biliary diseases. Data analysis included age, sex, ASA score, conversion to open surgery, time spent under general anesthesia, and length of hospital stay. Results: Mean age was 83.9 years; 19 (45.2%) were men. Thirteen patients (30.9%) were in the outpatient group, and 13 (30.9%) had a preoperative ASA of 3. Fourteen patients (33.3%) needed ICU. Two patients (4.8%) had their surgery converted. There were 7 (16.7%) postoperative complications, all of them classified as Dindo-Clavien I or II. No differences were noted between groups regarding conversion rates or complications. We had no mortalities in this series. There was no difference in hospital length of stay between the groups. Conclusion: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy in the extremely elderly is safe, with acceptable morbidity. Patients with complicated gallstone disease seem not to have worse postoperative outcomes once the initial diagnosis is properly treated and would benefit from definitive therapy during the same hospitalization. PMID:23477177

  3. Laparoscopic Anderson-Hynes pyeloplasty in children

    Microsoft Academic Search

    F. Schier

    1998-01-01

    In two children (ages 14 and 7 years) a laparoscopic Anderson-Hynes pyeloplasty was performed. In the 14-year-old boy a para-anastomotic\\u000a drain was placed; a urinoma developed postoperatively, which was treated by a pyelostoma placed transcutaneously. In the 7-year-old\\u000a boy a transanastomotic pyelostoma splint was placed intraoperatively. The splint was removed 10?days later; the postoperative\\u000a course was uneventful. Operative time was

  4. Cost-Effective Restrictive Bariatric Surgery: Laparoscopic Vertical Banded Gastroplasty Versus Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Band

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peter Ojo; Elmer Valin

    2009-01-01

    Background  Among bariatric restrictive operations, the procedure of choice is still controversial. The aim of this study is to compare\\u000a the cost of two gastric restrictive procedures: laparoscopic vertical banded gastroplasty (LVBG) and laparoscopic adjustable\\u000a gastric banding (LAGB).\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  This is a prospective nonrandomized study comparing the cost effectiveness of LVBG and LAGB. Fifty-nine LVBG are compared\\u000a to 83 LAGB performed during

  5. Laparoscopic fundoplication for gastroesophageal reflux disease

    PubMed Central

    Frazzoni, Marzio; Piccoli, Micaela; Conigliaro, Rita; Frazzoni, Leonardo; Melotti, Gianluigi

    2014-01-01

    Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a condition that develops when the reflux of gastric contents into the esophagus leads to troublesome symptoms and/or complications. Heartburn is the cardinal symptom, often associated with regurgitation. In patients with endoscopy-negative heartburn refractory to proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy and when the diagnosis of GERD is in question, direct reflux testing by impedance-pH monitoring is warranted. Laparoscopic fundoplication is the standard surgical treatment for GERD. It is highly effective in curing GERD with a 80% success rate at 20-year follow-up. The Nissen fundoplication, consisting of a total (360°) wrap, is the most commonly performed antireflux operation. To reduce postoperative dysphagia and gas bloating, partial fundoplications are also used, including the posterior (Toupet) fundoplication, and the anterior (Dor) fundoplication. Currently, there is consensus to advise laparoscopic fundoplication in PPI-responsive GERD only for those patients who develop untoward side-effects or complications from PPI therapy. PPI resistance is the real challenge in GERD. There is consensus that carefully selected GERD patients refractory to PPI therapy are eligible for laparoscopic fundoplication, provided that objective evidence of reflux as the cause of ongoing symptoms has been obtained. For this purpose, impedance-pH monitoring is regarded as the diagnostic gold standard. PMID:25339814

  6. [A novel technique of laparoscopic hepatectomy].

    PubMed

    Ishizaki, Morihiko; Kaibori, Masaki; Matsui, Kosuke; Iida, Hiroya; Nakatake, Richi; Matsushima, Hideyuki; Sakaguchi, Tatsuma; Kwon, A-Hon

    2014-11-01

    We report a novel technique of laparoscopic hepatectomy (lap-HT) performed at our hospital and the outcomes.Lap -HT was performed in 90 cases at our hospital, including 38 cases of anatomical resection of the liver.After mobilization of the right lobe with the patient in the half-lateral position, we resected the liver tissue using cavitron ultrasonic surgical aspirator (CUSA) and AquamantysTM Bipolar®.This surgical instrument is useful for laparoscopic anatomical resection of the liver because it is based on vessel sealing technology.In the 90 cases in which lap-HT was performed, the mean duration of surgery and mean blood loss were 332.9 minutes and 381 mL, respectively. The mean duration of hospitalization after surgery was 12.1 days, and postoperative complications were noted in 5 cases(5.6%). Comparison of the clinical factors and short-term performance of the surgery between liver cirrhosis patients who underwent open hepatectomy and lap-HT revealed that blood loss was significantly lower and the hospital stay duration was significantly shorter in patients who underwent lap-HT. Our findings suggest that laparoscopic anatomical resection of the liver can be safely performed using this novel technique and surgical instrument. PMID:25731230

  7. Laparoscopic Kasai portoenterostomy for biliary atresia.

    PubMed

    Esteves, Edward; Clemente Neto, Eriberto; Ottaiano Neto, Miguel; Devanir, José; Esteves Pereira, Ruy

    2002-12-01

    Conventional surgery for extrahepatic bile-duct atresia (EHBDA) usually requires a large, painful, muscle-cutting laparotomy, dislodgment of the liver, and wide manipulations, followed by adhesions and possible complications that may disturb the postoperative course and hamper liver transplantation (LT). The main role of laparoscopy in EHBDA has been for diagnostic purposes. Besides all the advantages of minimally-invasive access, it allows excellent visibility and dissection of tiny hilar structures. The authors present the first two cases of successful Roux-en-Y laparoscopic portoenterostomy (LARP) for EHBDA, showing the importance of advanced technical skills and a new approach for extracorporeal enteroanastomosis. Laparoscopic hilar dissection and portoenterostomy was accomplished using four trocars. The umbilical site was used for extracorporeal Roux-en-Y enteroenterostomy, in the first case using a laparoscopic stapler and in the second a hand-sewn suture. Mean operative time was 190 min, and no operative complications were observed. Both girls became anicteric. The first is doing well 15 months after the operation with good hepatic function. The other was anicteric for 6 months, had one episode of cholangitis, developed an umbilical hernia, has shown slow and progressive hepatic failure, and is now being evaluated for possible LT. It is concluded that LARP for EHBDA can be done safely in infants using an extracorporeal transumbilical enteric anastomosis, with several advantages compared with open surgery. The role of LARP in facilitating LT is yet to be defined. PMID:12598978

  8. Geometric modeling of pelvic organs with thickness

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bay, T.; Chen, Z.-W.; Raffin, R.; Daniel, M.; Joli, P.; Feng, Z.-Q.; Bellemare, M.-E.

    2012-03-01

    Physiological changes in the spatial configuration of the internal organs in the abdomen can induce different disorders that need surgery. Following the complexity of the surgical procedure, mechanical simulations are necessary but the in vivo factor makes complicate the study of pelvic organs. In order to determine a realistic behavior of these organs, an accurate geometric model associated with a physical modeling is therefore required. Our approach is integrated in the partnership between a geometric and physical module. The Geometric Modeling seeks to build a continuous geometric model: from a dataset of 3D points provided by a Segmentation step, surfaces are created through a B-spline fitting process. An energy function is built to measure the bidirectional distance between surface and data. This energy is minimized with an alternate iterative Hoschek-like method. A thickness is added with an offset formulation, and the geometric model is finally exported in a hexahedral mesh. Afterward, the Physical Modeling tries to calculate the properties of the soft tissues to simulate the organs displacements. The physical parameters attached to the data are determined with a feedback loop between finite-elements deformations and ground-truth acquisition (dynamic MRI).

  9. Prospective comparison of open vs . laparoscopic colon surgery for carcinoma

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Morris E. Franklin; Daniel Rosenthal; Daniel Abrego-Medina; James P. Dorman; Jeffrey L. Glass; Richard Norem; Antonio Diaz

    1996-01-01

    Laparoscopy for colonic diseases began in 1990 and has established a role in benign disease. Early observations and experiences demonstrated feasibility of laparoscopic surgery for a variety of colonic disease processes, but the applicability to colonic carcinoma was unclear. METHODS: In 1990, we began a comparative study of open (OCR)vs.laparoscopic (LCR) approach to colon cancer. The study progressed 65 months,

  10. Laparoscopic preservation of ovarian function: An underused procedure

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mazen Bisharah; Togas Tulandi

    2003-01-01

    Objective: There are many young women undergoing irradiation or chemotherapy without having the option of preserving their ovarian function. Our purpose was to review the literature on laparoscopic ovarian transposition, to evaluate its efficacy, and to provide clinical opinion on the subject. Study design: We evaluated the English articles on laparoscopic ovarian transposition identified through a MEDLINE search. We also

  11. Pilot Study on Laparoscopic Surgery in Port-Harcourt, Nigeria

    PubMed Central

    Ray-Offor, E; Okoro, PE; Gbobo, I; Allison, AB

    2014-01-01

    Background: Video-laparoscopic surgery has long been practiced in western countries; however documented practice of this minimal access surgical technique are recently emanating from Nigeria. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first documented study on laparoscopic surgery from the Niger Delta region. Aim: To evaluate the feasibility of laparoscopy as a useful tool for management of common surgical abdominal conditions in our environment. Patients and Methods: This was a prospective outcome study of all consecutive surgical patients who had laparoscopic procedures in general and pediatric surgery units of our institution from August 2011 to December 2012. Data on patient's age, gender, indication for surgery, duration of hospital stay and outcome of surgery were collected and analyzed. Results: A total of 15 laparoscopic procedures were performed during this study period with age range of 2-65 years; mean: 32.27 ± 17.86 years. There were 11 males and four females. Six laparoscopic appendicectomies, one laparoscopy-assisted orchidopexy, five diagnostic laparoscopy ± biopsy, one laparoscopic trans-abdominal pre-peritoneal herniorrhaphy for bilateral indirect inguinal hernia and two laparoscopic adhesiolysis for small bowel obstruction were performed. All were successfully completed except one conversion (6.7%) for uncontrollable bleeding in an intra-abdominal tumor. Conclusion: The practice of laparoscopic surgery in our environment is feasible and safe despite the numerous, but surmountable challenges. There is the need for adequate training of the support staff and a dedicated theatre suite. PMID:24665198

  12. Comparison of laparoscopic versus open repair of paraesophageal hernia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Philip R Schauer; Sayeed Ikramuddin; Robert H McLaughlin; Toby O Graham; Adam Slivka; K. K. W Lee; W. H Schraut; J. D Luketich

    1998-01-01

    Background: Recent reports suggest that laparoscopic paraesophageal hernia repair (LPHR) is feasible, but no direct comparisons with the standard open paraesophageal hernia repair (OPHR) have been reported. The purpose of this study was to compare the short-term outcome of LPHR versus OPHR at a single institution.Methods: The operative and postoperative courses of 95 consecutive patients undergoing open or laparoscopic repair

  13. Laparoscopic Total Mesorectal Excision—The Turin Experience

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Morino; G. Giraudo

    Improved local control and survival rates in the treatment of rectal cancer have been reported after total mesorectal excision (TME). We performed an analysis of TME for rectal cancer by laparoscopic approach during a prospective nonrandomized trial. A prospective consecutive series of 98 laparoscopic total mesorectal excision (LTME) procedures for low and mid-rectal tumors. All patients had a sphincter-saving procedure.

  14. Smaller Ports Result in Shorter Convalescence After Laparoscopic Varicocelectomy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tadashi Matsuda; Keiji Ogura; Junji Uchida; Ichiro Fujita; Toshiro Terachi; Osamu Yoshida

    1995-01-01

    Minimal postoperative pain and a shorter convalescence after laparoscopic surgery are attributable to the small puncture wounds produced to accommodate trocars. We investigated the effects of trocar size on convalescence after 37 laparoscopic varicocelectomies. The initial 21 patients underwent the procedure with 2, 10 mm. ports and 1, 5 mm. port, while the last 16 underwent surgery with 3, 5

  15. Learning laparoscopic surgery by imitation using robot trainer

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chee-Kong Chui; Chin-Boon Chng; Tao Yang; Rong Wen; Weimin Huang; Jimmy Liu; Yi Su; Stephen Chang

    2011-01-01

    Laparoscopic surgery requires rigorous training in order to overcome physical, spatial and visual constraints. We are developing a laparoscopic robot trainer. The robot trainer can learn the motion of the master surgeon when he is performing a virtual surgery, and drive the surgical tool by mimicking the learnt trajectory during training. This paper reports our investigation on robot learning using

  16. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy in-patient with situs inversus.

    PubMed

    Shah, A Y; Patel, B C; Panchal, B A

    2006-03-01

    In modern era, laparoscopic surgery is gold standard for gall bladder calculi. Situs inversus is a rare condition. To diagnose as well as operate any pathology in such patients is difficult. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy in such patient is a challenge but not contraindication. PMID:21170224

  17. A 3 TROCAR TECHNIQUE FOR TRANSPERITONEAL LAPAROSCOPIC NEPHRECTOMY

    Microsoft Academic Search

    FRANCOIS DESGRANDCHAMPS; DOMINIQUE GOSSOT; MICHEL E. JABBOUR; PAUL MERIA; PIERRE TEILLAC; ALAIN LE DUC

    1999-01-01

    PurposeAdditional trocars and retractor instruments may enhance the risk of iatrogenic injuries during laparoscopic nephrectomy. We describe a modified technique of laparoscopic nephrectomy requiring only 3 ports of entry and no extra instruments instead of the 5 ports, 2 of which are used for retractors, usually required.

  18. Band slippage after laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding: etiology and treatment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Keidar; A. Szold; E. Carmon; A. Blanc; S. Abu-Abeid

    2005-01-01

    Background: Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding is a safe and effective procedure for the management of morbid obesity. However, band slippage is a common complication with variable presentation that can be rectified by a second laparoscopic procedure. Methods: We studied case series of 125 consecutive patients who suffered from band slippage between November 1996 and May 2001 from a group of

  19. Open and Laparoscopic Treatment of Nonparasitic Splenic Cysts

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Duri Gianom; Alessandro Wildisen; Thomas Hotz; Federico Goti; Marco Decurtins

    2003-01-01

    Background: Nonparasitic splenic cysts are rare. Therefore, there is no ‘evidence-based’ information regarding their optimal surgical management. In the last years the laparoscopic approach has gained increasing acceptance in splenic surgery. The aim of this study is to present our experience with the laparoscopic management of splenic cysts. Methods:The medical records of 7 patients with splenic cysts were reviewed retrospectively.

  20. Force Propagation Models in Laparoscopic Tools and Shahram Payandeh

    E-print Network

    are beingfocused on developing a virtual laparoscopic trainers where the sense of touch in manipulating the virtual of instruments and system designs 1 2 3 . One of these limitations is the lack of haptic sensa- tion the surgeons to interact with graphical simulation of virtual laparoscopic environ- ment through a computer

  1. [Thoraco-abdomino-pelvic surgery for tumors in children: Postoperative sequelae].

    PubMed

    Piolat, Christian; Lavrand, Frédéric; Sarnacki, Sabine

    2015-01-01

    Thoracic surgery for pediatric tumors may induce a large variety of sequelae that mainly concern skin, muscles and bones (ribs), thoracic nerve and spinal cord and respiratory system. Muscle-sparing thoracotomy, intrathoracic expanders inserted after right pneumonectomy, early orthopedic evaluation and follow-up are useful preventive proceedings able to decrease postoperative sequelae. Surgery for abdominal tumors in children is part of a sequence where each therapeutic treatment can induce its own sequelae possibly potentiated by other therapies. Scars and occlusions represent classic effects, others like diarrhea, intestinal ischemia may require specific and sometimes partially effective long-term treatment. The pelvic cavity is characterized by an anatomy dedicated to urinary and digestive continence and reproductive functions. The oncologic resection of tumors developed in this region exposed to significant risk of sequelae that may strongly affect the quality of life. The development of conservative approaches for local treatment and of fertility preservation techniques has significantly reduced this morbidity and must be known by the surgeon to optimize the therapeutic strategy. PMID:26022287

  2. Anatomy Education Faces Challenges in Pakistan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Memon, Ismail K.

    2009-01-01

    Anatomy education in Pakistan is facing many of the same challenges as in other parts of the world. Roughly, a decade ago, all medical and dental colleges in Pakistan emphasized anatomy as a core basic discipline within a traditional medical science curriculum. Now institutions are adopting problem based learning (PBL) teaching philosophies, and…

  3. Cochlear Anatomy of the Alligator Lizard

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael J. Mulroy

    1974-01-01

    The anatomy of the peripheral auditory system of the alligator lizard, Gerrhonotus multicarinatus, is described. The histology of the auditory receptor (basilar papilla) is described in detail and compared with the mammalian organ of Corti. Special features of the cochlear anatomy are correlated with intracellular responses recorded within the basilar papilla. The cochlea of the alligator lizard is a suitable

  4. The Development of Spinal Cord Anatomy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. M. S. Pearce

    2008-01-01

    A panel illustrating spinal cord injury in The Dying Lioness in the British Museum dates to 650 BC. This paper outlines the subsequent progression of knowledge of the anatomy of the spinal cord. The animal dissections of Galen are considered because his deductions persisted through the Dark Ages until the late 18th century. Anatomy advanced gradually to yield discoveries of

  5. Measurement of the “Safe Zone” and the “Dangerous Zone” for the Screw Placement on the Quadrilateral Surface in the Treatment of Pelvic and Acetabular Fractures with Stoppa Approach by Computational 3D Technology

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Sheng; Su, Wanhan; Luo, Qiang; Chen, Bin

    2014-01-01

    This study is aimed at definition of the safe and dangerous zone for screw placement with Stoppa approach for rapid identification during operation and a new way for the studies on the “safe zone.” Pelvic CT data of 84 human subjects were recruited to reconstruct the three-dimensional (3D) models. The distances between the edges of the “safe zone,” “dangerous zone,” and specific anatomic landmarks such as the obturator canal and the pelvic brim were precisely measured, respectively. The results show that the absolute “dangerous zone” was from the pelvic brim to 3.07?cm below it and within 2.86?cm of the obturator canal, while the region 3.56?cm below the pelvic brim or 3.85?cm away from the obturator canal was the absolute “safe zone” for screw placement. The region between the absolute “safe zone” and the absolute “dangerous zone” was the relatively “dangerous zone.” As a conclusion, application of computer-assisted 3D modeling techniques aids in the precise measurement of “safe zone” and “dangerous zone” in combination with Stoppa incision. It was not recommended to place screws on the absolute dangerous zone, while, for the relatively “dangerous zone,” it depends on the individual variations in bony anatomy and the fracture type. PMID:24605328

  6. Abdominal and pelvic floor muscle function in women with and without long lasting pelvic girdle pain.

    PubMed

    Stuge, Britt; Mørkved, Siv; Dahl, Haldis Haug; Vøllestad, Nina

    2006-11-01

    Approximately 5-20% of postpartum women suffer from long-lasting pelvic girdle pain (PGP). The etiology and pathogenesis of PGP are still unclear. The aim of this study was to examine whether subjects with and without persisting PGP and disability differed with respect to their ability to voluntarily contract the deep abdominals (TrA and IO) and to the strength of the pelvic floor muscles (PFM). Twenty subjects (12 with persisting PGP, 8 recovered from PGP) were examined. Contractions of the deep abdominal muscles (TrA and IO) were imaged by real-time ultrasound. Vaginal palpation and observation were used to assess the women's ability to perform correct a PFM contraction. PFM strength was measured by a vaginal balloon catheter connected to a pressure transducer. The active straight leg raise test was used to assess the ability of load transfer. The results showed no statistical significant difference between the groups in increase of muscle thickness of the deep abdominal muscles (TrA; P = 0.87 and IO; P = 0.51) or regarding PFM strength (P = 0.94). The ability to voluntarily contract the deep abdominal muscles and the strength of the PFMs are apparently not associated to PGP. However, the results are based on a small sample and additional studies are needed. PMID:16386450

  7. [Laparoscopic hysterectomy--brief history, frequency, indications and contraindications].

    PubMed

    Tomov, S; Gorchev, G; Tzvetkov, Ch; Tanchev, L; Iliev, S

    2012-01-01

    Hysterectomy is the most common gynecological operation after Caesarean section and the laparoscopic access to uterus removal is one of the contemporary methods showing slow but steady growth in time. In reference to indications and contraindications for laparoscopic hysterectomy, the following directions emerge as controversial: malignant gynecological tumors, uterus size, and high body mass index. Laparoscopic hysterectomy can be taken into consideration at the first stage of endometrial, cervical and ovarian cancer. If there is doubt about an uterus sarcoma and a laparoscopic access is accomplished, a conversion to abdominal hysterectomy must be done. Obesity and big uteri are not a contrarindication for that minimally-invasive access. Today, laparoscopic hysterectomy is a reasonable alternative to total abdominal and vaginal hysterectomy. PMID:23234025

  8. Laparoscopic Liver Resection for Malignant Liver Tumors

    PubMed Central

    Gigot, Jean-François; Glineur, David; Santiago Azagra, Juan; Goergen, Martine; Ceuterick, Marc; Morino, Mario; Etienne, José; Marescaux, Jacques; Mutter, Didier; van Krunckelsven, Ludo; Descottes, Bernard; Valleix, Dominique; Lachachi, François; Bertrand, Claude; Mansvelt, Baudouin; Hubens, Guy; Saey, Jean-Pierre; Schockmel, Romain

    2002-01-01

    Objective To assess the feasibility, safety, and outcome of laparoscopic liver resection for malignant liver tumors. Summary Background Data The precise role of laparoscopy in resection of liver malignancies (hepatocellular carcinoma [HCC] and liver metastases) remains controversial despite an increasing number of publications reporting laparoscopic resection of benign liver tumors. Methods A retrospective study was performed in 11 surgical centers in Europe regarding their experience with laparoscopic resection of liver malignancies. Detailed questionnaires were sent to each surgeon focusing on patient characteristics, clinical data, type and characteristics of the tumor, technical details of the operation, and early and late clinical outcome. All patients had radiologic investigations at follow-up to exclude disease recurrence. Results From February 1994 to December 2000, 37 patients with malignant liver tumors were included in this study. Ten patients had HCC, including 9 with cirrhotic liver, and 27 patients had liver metastases. The mean tumor size was 3.3 cm, and 89% of the tumors were located in the left lobe or in the anterior segments of the right liver. Liver procedures included 12 wedge resections, 9 segmentectomies, 14 bisegmentectomies (including 13 left lateral segmentectomies), and 2 major hepatectomies. The transfusion rate, the use of pedicular clamping, the conversion rate (13.5% in the whole series), and the complication rate were significantly greater in patients with HCC. There were no deaths. Postoperative complications occurred in eight patients (22%). The surgical margin was less than 1 cm in 30% of the patients. During a mean follow-up of 14 months, the 2-year disease-free survival was 44% for patients with HCC and 53% for patients having hepatic metastases from colorectal cancer. No port-site metastases were observed during follow-up. Conclusions In patients with small malignant tumors, located in the left lateral segments or in the anterior segments of the right liver, laparoscopic resection is feasible and safe. The complication rate is low, except in patients with HCC on cirrhotic liver. By using laparoscopic ultrasound, a 1-cm free surgical margin should be routinely obtained. The late outcome needs to be evaluated in expert centers. PMID:12131090

  9. Robotic laparoscopic surgery: cost and training.

    PubMed

    Amodeo, A; Linares Quevedo, A; Joseph, J V; Belgrano, E; Patel, H R H

    2009-06-01

    The advantages of minimally invasive surgery are well accepted. Shorter hospital stays, decreased postoperative pain, rapid return to preoperative activity, decreased postoperative ileus, and preserved immune function are among the benefits of the laparoscopic approach. However, the instruments of laparoscopy afford surgeons limited precision and poor ergonomics, and their use is associated with a significant learning curve and the amount of time and energy necessary to develop and maintain such advanced laparoscopic skills is not insignificant. The robotic surgery allows all laparoscopists to perform advanced laparoscopic procedures with greater ease. The potential advantages of surgical robotic systems include making advanced laparoscopic surgical procedures accessible to surgeons who do not have advanced video endoscopic training and broadening the scope of surgical procedures that can be performed using the laparoscopic method. The wristed instruments, x10 magnifications, tremor filtering, scaling of movements and three-dimensional view allow the urologist to perform the intricate dissection and anastomosis with high precision. The robot is not, however, without significant disadvantages as compared with traditional laparoscopy. These include greater expense and consumption of operating room resources such as space and the availability of skilled technical staff, complete elimination of tactile feedback, and more limited options for trocar placement. The current cost of the da Vinci system is $ 1.2 million and annual maintenance is $ 138000. Many studies suggest that depreciation and maintenance costs can be minimised if the number of robotic cases is increased. The high cost of purchasing and maintaining the instruments of the robotic system is one of its many disadvantages. The availability of the robotic systems to only a limited number of centres reduces surgical training opportunities. Hospital administrators and surgeons must define the reasons for developing a robotic surgical program: it is very important to show that robotics will add a dimension that will benefit the hospital, the patient care and institutional recognition. Another essential task to overcome is the important education of the operating room nursing staff, a significant difference between this modality and traditional surgery. Without operating room environment support, most surgeons will revert to traditional methods even after a few successful robotics cases. As the field of robotic surgery continues to grow, graduate medical education and continuing medical education programs that address the surgical robotic learning needs of residents and practicing surgeons need to be developed. PMID:19451894

  10. Pericardial, pleural and diaphragmatic endometriosis in association with pelvic peritoneal and bowel endometriosis: a case report and review of the literature

    PubMed Central

    Roviglione, Giovanni; Rosenberg, Piergiorgio; Pesci, Anna; Clarizia, Roberto; Bruni, Francesco; Zardini, Claudio; Ruffo, Giacomo; Placci, Angelo; Crippa, Stefano; Minelli, Luca

    2012-01-01

    Diaphragmatic endometriosis is a rare entity, often asymptomatic, which has been described only in small series. It is almost always associated with severe pelvic involvement. The most plausible theory about this condition is based on retrograde menstruation and subsequent transportation of viable cells in peritoneal fluid from the pelvis up the right gutter to the right hemidiaphragm, thus demonstrating its asymmetric distribution on the diaphragm. Pre-operative diagnosis is poorly supported by imaging techniques. In most cases, it is an incidental finding because the lesions may hide behind the right hepatic lobe. In that case it cannot be easily demonstrated with a laparoscope from an umbilical port. Symptomatic diaphragmatic endometriosis is associated with deep lesions which can involve the entire thickness of the diaphragm. In these cases, treatment is more difficult with possible incomplete pain relief and a considerable possibility of recurrence. In this subset, abdominal surgery is recommended. Surgical treatment must be individualized on the basis of the patient's age, fertility desires, type and location of disease and symptoms. We report the surgical treatment of a patient with synchronous pericardial, pleural and diaphragmatic endometriosis associated with pelvic peritoneal and bowel involvement. A review of the literature regarding pericardial and diaphragmatic endometriosis focusing on anatomical and surgical aspects of its management is undertaken. PMID:23256014

  11. Competence Acquisition for Single-Incision Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

    PubMed Central

    Deutsch, Gary B.; Sathyanarayana, Sandeep Anantha; Giangola, Matthew; Akerman, Meredith; DeNoto, George; Klein, Jonathan D. S.; Zemon, Harry

    2015-01-01

    Background and Objectives: Within the past few years, there has been a push for an even more minimally invasive approach to biliary disease with the adoption of single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy. We sought to compare 4 individual surgeon experiences to define whether there exists a learning curve for performing single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods: We performed a retrospective review 290 single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomies performed by a group of general surgeons, with varying levels of experience and training, at 3 institutions between May 2008 and September 2010. The procedure times were recorded for each single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy, ordered chronologically for each surgeon, and subsequently plotted on a graph. The patients were also combined into cohorts of 5 and 10 cases to further evaluate for signs of improvement in operative efficiency. Results: Of the 4 surgeons involved in the study, only 1 (surgeon 4, laparoscopic fellowship trained with <5 years' experience) confirmed the presence of a learning curve, reaching proficiency within the first 15 cases performed. The other surgeons had more variable procedure times, which did not show a distinct trend. When we evaluated the cases by cohorts of 5 cases, surgeon 4 had a significant difference between the first and last cohort. Increased body mass index resulted in a slightly longer operative time (P < .0063). The conversion rate to multiport laparoscopic surgery was 3.1%. Conclusions: Our results indicate that among experienced general surgeons, there does not seem to be a significant learning curve when transitioning from conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy to single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The least experienced surgeon in the group, surgeon 4, appeared to reach proficiency after 15 cases. Greater than 5 years of experience in laparoscopic surgery appears to provide surgeons with a sufficient skill set to obviate the need for a single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy learning curve. PMID:25848190

  12. Pelvic floor disorders: linking genetic risk factors to biochemical changes.

    PubMed

    Campeau, Lysanne; Gorbachinsky, Ilya; Badlani, Gopal H; Andersson, Karl Erik

    2011-10-01

    Pelvic floor disorders (PFDs) such as stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and pelvic organ prolapse (POP) may share a common pathophysiological process related to pelvic floor tissue laxity and loss of support. We reviewed recent literature on observed biochemical changes in women with SUI and POP, linking them to genetic predisposition. We found that studies of pelvic tissues showed differences between control subjects and women with POP and SUI in collagen and elastin structure at a molecular and fibrillar level. Studies were heterogeneous but showed a trend towards decreased collagen and elastin content. The contribution of matrix metalloproteinases to increased collagenolysis can be related to genetic polymorphisms present in higher frequency in women with PFD. Extracellular matrix (ECM) protein turnover plays a role in the development of POP and SUI, but much remains to be understood of this complex dynamic interplay of enzymes, proteins and molecules. Genotyping of candidate genes participating in ECM formation will elucidate the missing link between the manifestation of the disease and the biochemical changes observed systematically, in addition to those in the pelvic floor. PMID:21883823

  13. [Clinical aspects and complementary tests in pelvic congestive states].

    PubMed

    Loffredo, V

    1991-02-25

    Pelvic congestion syndrome is common to three pathologies: premenstrual syndrome, intermenstrual syndrome and chronic pelvic fibrous congestion syndrome. The two first syndromes are well-known. They are periodical and hormonal treatment is relevant in premenstrual syndrome (all forms of progesterone and provascular treatment). Chronic pelvic congestion syndrome or fibrous congestion is linked with fibrous changes of the subperitoneal cellular tissue after more or less lasting chronic congestion. It is sometimes secondary to low noised and unknown sepsis (Bret and De Brux fibro-sclerous pelviperitonis). It is usually linked with the traumatical rupture of cellular pelvic tissue from obstetrical etiology (Masters and Allen syndrome). In varicocele, uterine plexus and ilio-lumbar ligament, hormonal action has been suggested. Three signs overnite polymorphic clinical study: deep dyspareunia, moving cervix, uterus retroversion. But primitive or secondary congestion is only in fact evoked by coelioscopy even with its limits. When coelioscopy is negative, hysterophlebography will be achieved and will visualize sometimes extremely pelvic plexus vasodilatation. As function of findings lesions, treatment lays down 3 principles: first principle not to abuse with surgery except in case of testing patent ligamentary lesions. Second principle to prescribe a polyvalent general treatment with triade antibiotic, antiinflammatory and phlebotonic drugs. Third principle to be preventive by improving obstetrical exercise as usually this syndrome succeeds to a more or less traumatic delivery. PMID:1837382

  14. AAGL practice report: practice guidelines for laparoscopic subtotal/supracervical hysterectomy (LSH).

    PubMed

    2014-01-01

    The first subtotal abdominal hysterectomy was described by Charles Clay in 1843, and the first laparoscopic subtotal hysterectomy (LSH) was described by Semm [1] in 1991. Whether to retain or remove the cervix remains controversial, with surgeons citing sexual satisfaction and prevention of pelvic organ prolapse as indicators for retention [2]. Because the only absolute indication for cervical removal is malignancy or its precursors, debate has continued as to the optimum surgical approach to hysterectomy for other indications. The evidence obtained from evaluating the effects of retaining the cervix, via any surgical approach, on sexual, urinary, and bowel function remains controversial [3-11]. The literature evaluating LSH is limited, and only 3 randomized controlled trials (RCTs), including 342 women, have reported psychologic outcomes, complications, and additional cervical procedures [4,12,13]. For the abdominal equivalent, there are 9 RCTs, including 1553 women, and a Cochrane review reported few important differences between the 2 approaches [8]. No such comparative data are available for LSH. This practice guideline will evaluate the evidence for LSH. This report was developed under the direction of the Practice Committee of the AAGL as a service to their members and other practicing clinicians. PMID:23954691

  15. Minimally invasive surgical management of ureteropelvic junction obstruction: laparoscopic and robot-assisted laparoscopic pyeloplasty.

    PubMed

    Munver, Ravi; Del Pizzo, Joseph J; Sosa, R Ernest; Poppas, Dix P

    2003-01-01

    Ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction is characterized by a functionally significant impairment of urinary transport caused by an intrinsic or extrinsic obstruction in the area where the ureter joins the renal pelvis. The majority of cases are congenital in origin; however, acquired conditions at the level of the ureteropelvic junction may also present with symptoms and signs of obstruction. Until recently, open pyeloplasty and endoscopic techniques have been the main surgical options, with the intent of complete excision or incision of the obstruction. The introduction of laparoscopy and robot-assisted applications has allowed for minimally invasive reconstructive surgery that mirrors open surgical techniques. These techniques offer substantial benefits to patients by reducing morbidity, hastening postoperative recovery, and improving cosmetic outcome. During the last decade, laparoscopic pyeloplasty has garnered much interest. However, because of the technically challenging nature of this procedure, it is performed only at select medical centers by surgeons with advanced laparoscopic training. The recent introduction of robotics to the field of minimally invasive surgery may facilitate this procedure and allow for more widespread implementation by surgeons of varying skill levels. This review is limited primarily to the treatment of congenital or acquired UPJ obstruction via laparoscopic and robot-assisted laparoscopic pyeloplasty. Herein, we report the early results, ongoing evolution, and potential future role for these novel surgical procedures. PMID:14649575

  16. Thermal analysis of the surrounding anatomy during 3-D MRI-guided transurethral ultrasound prostate therapy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Burtnyk, Mathieu; Chopra, Rajiv; Bronskill, Michael

    2010-03-01

    Previous numerical simulations have shown that MRI-guided transurethral ultrasound therapy can generate highly accurate volumes of thermal coagulation conforming to 3-D human prostate geometries. The goal of this work is to simulate, quantify and evaluate the thermal impact of these treatments on the rectum, pelvic bone, neurovascular bundles (NVB) and urinary sphincters. This study used twenty 3-D anatomical models of prostate cancer patients and detailed bio-acoustic simulations incorporating an active feedback algorithm which controlled a rotating, planar ultrasound transducer (17-4×3 mm elements, 4.7/9.7 MHz, 10 Wac/cm2). Heating of the adjacent surrounding anatomy was evaluated using thermal tolerances reported in the literature. Heating of the rectum poses the most important safety concern and is influenced largely by the water temperature flowing through an endorectal cooling device; temperatures of 7-37° C are required to limit potential damage to less than 10 mm3 on the outer 1 mm layer of rectum. Significant heating of the pelvic bone was predicted in 30% of the patient models with an ultrasound frequency of 4.7 MHz; setting the frequency to 9.7 MHz when the bone is less than 10 mm away from the prostate reduced heating in all cases below the threshold for irreversible damage. Heating of the NVB was significant in 75% of the patient models in the absence of treatment planning; this proportion was reduced to 5% by using treatment margins of up to 4 mm. To avoid damaging the urinary sphincters, margins from the transducer of 2-4 mm should be used, depending on the transurethral cooling temperature. Simulations show that MRI-guided transurethral therapy can treat the entire prostate accurately. Strategies have been developed which, along with careful treatment planning, can be used to avoid causing thermal injury to the rectum, pelvic bone, NVB and urinary sphincters.

  17. Laparoscopic intraperitoneal injection of human interferon-?2b in the treatment of pelvic endometriosis: a new modality

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ali Farid Mohamed Ali; Baha Fateen; Ahmed Ezzet; Hoda Badawy; Asherf Ramadan; Alaa El-tobge

    2000-01-01

    Background: Some reports have stated that an immunologic alteration plays a role in the development and progression of endometriosis. Once endometrial cells are implanted ectopically, they may produce additional changes through a defect in cellular or humoral immunity. Natural killer cell, cytokines, and peritoneal macrophages could determine the role of progression of the disease. Therapeutic manipulation of the immune system

  18. The comparison of single incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy and three port laparoscopic cholecystectomy: prospective randomized study

    PubMed Central

    Barbaros, Umut; Kapakli, Mahmut Sertan; Manukyan, Manuk Norayk; ?im?ek, Selçuk; Kebudi, Abut; Mercan, Selçuk

    2013-01-01

    Purpose Laparoscopic techniques have allowed surgeons to perform complicated intra-abdominal surgery with minimal trauma. Single incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) was developed with the aim of reducing the invasiveness of conventional laparoscopy. In this study we aimed to compare results of SILS cholecystectomy and three port conventional laparoscopic (TPCL) cholecystectomy prospectively. Methods In this prospective study, 100 patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy for gallbladder disease were randomly allocated to SILS cholecystectomy (group 1) or TPCL cholecystectomy (group 2). Demographics, pathologic diagnosis, operating time, blood loss, length of hospital stay, complications, pain score, conversion rate, and satisfaction of cosmetic outcome were recorded. Results Forty-four SILS cholesystectomies (88%) and 42 TPCL cholecystectomies (84%) were completed successfully. Conversion to open surgery was required for 4 cases in group 1 and 6 cases in group 2. Operating time was significantly longer in group 1 compared with group 2 (73 minutes vs. 48 minutes; P < 0.05). Higher pain scores were observed in group 1 versus group 2 in postoperative day 1 (P < 0.05). There was higher cosmetic satisfaction in group 1 (P < 0.05). Conclusion SILS cholecystectomy performed by experienced surgeons is at least as successful, feasible, effective and safe as a TPCL cholecystectomy. Surgeons performing SILS should have a firm foundation of advanced minimal access surgical skills and a cautious, gradated approach to attempt the various procedures. Prospective randomized studies comparing single access versus conventional multiport laparoscopic cholecystectomy, with large volumes and long-term follow-up, are needed to confirm our initial experience. (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01772745.) PMID:24368985

  19. Single incision laparoscopic colectomy for colorectal cancer: comparison with conventional laparoscopic colectomy

    PubMed Central

    Lim, Sang Woo; Kim, Hyeong Rok

    2014-01-01

    Purpose The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the feasibility of single incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS), and to compare the short-term surgical outcomes with those of conventional laparoscopic surgery for colorectal cancer. Methods Forty-four patients who underwent SILS were compared with 263 patients who underwent conventional laparoscopic surgery for colorectal adenocarcinoma between November 2011 and September 2012. Results In the SILS group, eleven cases (25.0%) of right hemicolectomy, 15 (34.1%) anterior resections, and 18 (40.9%) low anterior resections were performed. Additional ports were required in 10 rectal patients during SILS operation. In the 32 patients with rectosigmoid and rectal cancer in the SILS group, patients with mid and lower rectal cancers had a tendency to require a longer operation time (168.2 minutes vs. 223.8 minutes, P = 0.002), additional ports or multiport conversion (P = 0.007), than those with rectosigmoid and upper rectal cancer. Both SILS and conventional groups had similar perioperative outcomes. Operation time was longer in the SILS group than in the conventional laparoscopic surgery group (185.0 minutes vs. 139.2 minutes, P < 0.001). More diverting stoma were performed in the SILS group (64.7% vs. 24.2%, P = 0.011). Multivariate analysis showed that tumor location in the rectum (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.858-10.560; P = 0.001), SILS (95% CI, 3.450-20.233; P < 0.001), diverting stoma (95% CI, 1.606-9.288; P = 0.003), and transfusion (95% CI, 1.092-7.854; P = 0.033) were independent risk factors for long operation time (>180 minutes). Conclusion SILS is a feasible, not inferior treatment option for colorectal cancer, and appears to have similar results as standard conventional multiport laparoscopic colectomy, despite the longer operative time. PMID:25247166

  20. Transumbilical laparoscopic-assisted appendectomy: an extracorporeal single-incision alternative to conventional laparoscopic techniques.

    PubMed

    Shekherdimian, Shant; DeUgarte, Daniel

    2011-05-01

    Recently the use of a single umbilical incision to perform an appendectomy has been described. The purpose of this study was to review our initial experience with transumbilical laparoscopic-assisted appendectomy (TULAA) in the pediatric population. A retrospective review of all pediatric patients treated for appendicitis over a 10-month period was performed. The surgical technique involved using a standard 3-mm or 5-mm trocar for visualization and insufflation. A dissecting/grasping instrument was used adjacent to the trocar through the same incision. Patient demographics, operative findings and time as well as postoperative course were reviewed. Of 21 patients undergoing laparoscopy appendectomy, 18 patients successfully underwent TULAA. Five patients had advanced appendicitis, four had a retrocecal appendix, and three had appendicoliths. The average total operative time was 51 ± 15 minutes. Overall, the average length of stay was 1.2 ± 0.8 days; however, all patients with nonperforated appendicitis were discharged the day after surgery. All patients were followed postoperatively, and none reported postoperative complications of abscess or wound infection. Cost analysis demonstrated a markedly reduced associated cost for TULAA compared with conventional laparoscopy. TULAA is a safe and effective single-incision approach for early appendicitis that incorporates both open and laparoscopic techniques to provide excellent exploration of the abdomen, a short hospital stay, minimal pain, and an excellent cosmetic result. The technique described is cost-effective, because it does not use any special laparoscopes, trocars, or staplers. When performed as described in this study, only a single trocar and a standard laparoscopic setup are required. Cases of advanced appendicitis may require additional trocars or "conversion" to conventional laparoscopic techniques. PMID:21679587