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1

Redes inalambricas y robotica movil: tecnicas geograficas  

Microsoft Academic Search

En los ´ ultimos anos ha surgido un creciente interes por los equipos multi-robot y las comunicaciones inalambricas. Varios robots pueden realizar un con- junto de tareas de forma mas eficiente que un solo robot, ademas de ofrecer nuevas posibilidades de uso mas alla de las capacidades de un robot en soli- tario. Es frecuentemente necesario o conveniente que los

Alejandro R. Mosteo Chagoyen; Jose L. Villarroel Salcedo

2

Universidade Tecnica de Lishoa Investiga~ao  

E-print Network

a partir de quatro escolas ja existentes: a Escola Superior de Medicina Veterinaria (a ac tual Faculdade que respi ramos no Velho Continente. #12;o ~ '"Q Nuclear Sim, obrigado, " EUM PROJECTO DE SUPERLA I I ener gia do Universo. Vai ser, se tudo der certo, o primeiro reactor nuclear de fusao - ao contrario

3

Dosis efectivas asociadas a las exploraciones multimodales habituales en medicina nuclear  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveTo know the effective doses (E) that can be given in the common multimodal procedures in nuclear medicine, Single Photon Emission Tomography and Positron Emission Tomography, combined with Computed Tomography, SPECT\\/CT and PET\\/CT. Effective dose will be expressed according to Background Equivalent Radiation Time (BERT) and the contribution of the CT scan to the total dose will also be studied.

C. Camacho López; J. F. Martí Vidal; M. Falgás Lacueva; J. L. Vercher Conejero

2011-01-01

4

International Conference on Mathematics and Computational Methods Applied to Nuclear Science and Engineering (M&C 2011) Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil, May 8-12, 2011, on CD-ROM, Latin American Section (LAS) / American Nuclear Society (ANS)  

E-print Network

and Engineering (M&C 2011) Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil, May 8-12, 2011, on CD-ROM, Latin American Section (LAS) / American Nuclear Society (ANS) ISBN 978-85-63688-00-2 APPLICATION OF NOVEL GLOBAL VARIANCE REDUCTION

5

Annual Conference on Nuclear and Space Radiation Effects, 19th, Las Vegas, NV, July 20-22, 1982, Proceedings  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The results of research concerning the effects of nuclear and space radiation are presented. Topics discussed include the basic mechanisms of nuclear and space radiation effects, radiation effects in devices, and radiation effects in microcircuits, including studies of radiation-induced paramagnetic defects in MOS structures, silicon solar cell damage from electrical overstress, radiation-induced charge dynamics in dielectrics, and the enhanced radiation effects on submicron narrow-channel NMOS. Also examined are topics in SGEMP/IEMP phenomena, hardness assurance and testing, energy deposition, desometry, and radiation transport, and single event phenomena. Among others, studies are presented concerning the limits to hardening electronic boxes to IEMP coupling, transient radiation screening of silicon devices using backside laser irradiation, the damage equivalence of electrons, protons, and gamma rays in MOS devices, and the single event upset sensitivity of low power Schottky devices.

Long, D. M.

1982-01-01

6

Risk-induced social impacts: The effects of the proposed nuclear waste repository on residents of the Las Vegas metropolitan area  

SciTech Connect

This report examines important and major impacts of the proposed high-level nuclear waste repository on Las Vegas metropolitan residents. The data utilized in the report consist of interview data collected in the 1988, Urban Risk Survey and data for Clark County residents collected as part of the 1989 Nevada Telephone Survey. The use of two different data sets which were collected at two distinct points in time permit for not only determinations of the consistency of opinions and risk perceptions, but also result in a compelling consistency of findings demonstrating the types of impacts described in the report. The repository is viewed as an extremely dangerous facility where accidents are perceived as inevitable, and the consequences may result in catastrophic impacts. Over the last few years, the negative imagery of the repository, coupled with the view that the area may become stigmatized has amplified the perceived risks over the benefits. In addition, Las Vegas valley residents have little trust in the agencies empowered to ensure their safety and to mitigate the impacts from the facility. In this context it is difficult to believe that the federal agencies can regain much credibility among Clark County residents, or that the major impacts outlined in the report if the Yucca Mountain project becomes a reality will not come about. 20 refs., 3 figs., 36 tabs.

Mushkatel, A.H.; Pijawka, K.D.; Dantico, M. [Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ (USA)

1990-09-01

7

Nuclear  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What part does nuclear energy play in satisfying energy demands? This informational piece, part of a series about the future of energy, introduces students to the uranium atom as an energy source. Here students read about the history of nuclear energy, how energy is derived from uranium, and benefits of nuclear energy. Information is also provided about limitations, particularly disposal problems and radioactivity, and geographical considerations of nuclear power in the United States. Thought-provoking questions afford students chances to reflect on what they've read about the uses of nuclear power. Articles and information on new nuclear plant design and nuclear accidents are available from a sidebar. Five energy-related PBS NewsHour links are provided. A web link to the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission is included. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Project, Iowa P.

2004-01-01

8

Contribuciones tecnicas para la medida de la contaminacion electromagnetica de microondas. Estudio en diversas poblaciones  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

La contaminacion ambiental por campos electromagneticos ha resultado ser en estos ultimos anos uno de los problemas mas acuciantes del panorama tecnologico y de salud publica. En el primero de los casos porque las inversiones realizadas son enormes y en el segundo porque cada vez es mayor el numero de articulos, "technical reports" e informes medicos que afirman la existencia de una cierta causalidad, aunque sea debil, entre los campos electromagneticos y ciertos cuadros sintomatologicos. En nuestro caso, hemos dedicado bastantes esfuerzos a investigar el llamado "sindrome de radiofrecuencia / microondas", denominado asi en la literatura cientifica por presentarse en operarios de estaciones de radar y en trabajadores de potentes emisoras de radio y television. En esta memoria presentamos un resumen del trabajo realizado durante los ultimos anos en la medida de la contaminacion electromagnetica ambiental asociado a las comunicaciones inalambricas. En ella se recogen los fundamentos fisicos y propiedades de las ondas electromagneticas, la tecnologia empleada en los sistemas de telefonia celular y los antecedentes relativos a la investigacion de la interaccion de las ondas electromagneticas con organismos vivos. Se desarrolla un procedimiento de medida que ha conducido a la elaboracion de los primeros "mapas de radiofrecuencia" similares, en el aspecto descriptivo, a los mapas de ruido desarrollados en el area de la contaminacion acustica. Por ultimo, se analiza la respuesta subjetiva de los residentes, personas que viven en el entorno de cobertura de las estaciones base de telefonia movil y que se ven sometidos a determinados niveles de radiacion electromagnetica, con el fin de situar este fenomeno al nivel que le corresponde en el ambito de la respuesta subjetiva ciudadana.

Segura Garcia, Jaume

9

Las Vegas  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This image of Las Vegas, NV was acquired on August, 2000 and covers an area 42 km (25 miles) wide and 30 km (18 miles) long. The image displays three bands of the reflected visible and infrared wavelength region, with a spatial resolution of 15 m. McCarran International Airport to the south and Nellis Air Force Base to the NE are the two major airports visible. Golf courses appear as bright red areas of worms. The first settlement in Las Vegas (which is Spanish for The Meadows) was recorded back in the early 1850s when the Mormon church, headed by Brigham Young, sent a mission of 30 men to construct a fort and teach agriculture to the Indians. Las Vegas became a city in 1905 when the railroad announced this city was to be a major division point. Prior to legalized gambling in 1931, Las Vegas was developing as an agricultural area. Las Vegas' fame as a resort area became prominent after World War II. The image is located at 36.1 degrees north latitude and 115.1 degrees west longitude.

The U.S. science team is located at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif. The Terra mission is part of NASA's Science Mission Directorate.

2001-01-01

10

Aplicación de los factores de ponderación de la Comisión Internacional de Protección Radiológica 103 en el cálculo de la dosis efectiva asociada a las exploraciones de Medicina Nuclear  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveRe-evaluate the effective dose (E) of typical nuclear medicine procedures using the new ICRP-103 weighting factors and the latest dosimetry data and relate E with Background Equivalent Radiation Time (BERT).

M. C. Pujades Claumarchirant; J. F. Martí Vidal; C. Olivas Arroyo; P. Bello Arqués; A. Mateo Navarro

2010-01-01

11

Las Vegas: An Unconventional History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As part of the PBS series American Experience, this well-designed siteexplores the history and idiosyncrasies of Las Vegas. The film, andaccompanying book, which the web site is based on will both be availablethis fall (the film airs in November on PBS), and the site certainlywhets viewers appetites for both. A nice range of information iscovered on the site which includes everything from information aboutNevada's nuclear testing in the fifties, to Rat Pack reminiscences and ofcourse, wedding photos. If you'd like to share your own Vegas weddingtale there is an interactive portion of the site dedicated to the topic.Packed with time lines, a teacher's guide, maps and much more this site(and film and book by the same name) are worthy of attention.

2005-01-01

12

Las Vegas Strip History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by amateur cultural historian Deanna DeMatteo, this site offers "the most detailed history of the Las Vegas Strip on the Internet today," showing in words and graphics the evolution of the properties on the Strip from its beginning to the present. Drawing on materials provided by publications, professional Las Vegas historians, and the Nevada State Museum and Historical Society, DeMatteo offers a detailed, noncommercial history with plenty of photographs (many archival) of the strip from the first night club in 1930 named Pair O Dice to the first true casino hotel, El Rancho with 63 rooms in 1941, to Hilton's giant Paris Las Vegas opening earlier this Fall with 2,914 rooms. There is also a special topics section, covering people significant in the strip's development, such as Warren "Doc" Bayley and Howard Hughes. Launched in August, the Website is continually updated with new material. Note: to reach table of contents, click on the photograph at end of the homepage.

Dematteo, Deanna.

13

Nuclear power and nuclear weapons  

SciTech Connect

The proliferation of nuclear weapons and the expanded use of nuclear energy for the production of electricity and other peaceful uses are compared. The difference in technologies associated with nuclear weapons and nuclear power plants are described.

Vaughen, V.C.A.

1983-01-01

14

Nuclear weapons and nuclear war  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book examines the potential radiation hazards and environmental impacts of nuclear weapons. Topics considered include medical responsibility and thermonuclear war, the threat of nuclear war, nuclear weaponry, biological effects, radiation injury, decontamination, long-term effects, ecological effects, psychological aspects, the economic implications of nuclear weapons and war, ethics, civil defense, arms control, nuclear winter, and long-term biological consequences of nuclear

C. Cassel; M. McCally; H. Abraham

1984-01-01

15

Nuclear Medicine.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the use of nuclear medicine techniques in diagnosis and therapy. Describes instrumentation in diagnostic nuclear medicine and predicts future trends in nuclear medicine imaging technology. (Author/MM)

Badawi, Ramsey D.

2001-01-01

16

Nuclear Blast  

MedlinePLUS

... including blinding light, intense heat (thermal radiation), initial nuclear radiation, blast, fires started by the heat pulse and ... time, and is the main source of residual nuclear radiation. Fallout from a nuclear explosion may be carried ...

17

Nuclear weapons and nuclear war  

SciTech Connect

This book examines the potential radiation hazards and environmental impacts of nuclear weapons. Topics considered include medical responsibility and thermonuclear war, the threat of nuclear war, nuclear weaponry, biological effects, radiation injury, decontamination, long-term effects, ecological effects, psychological aspects, the economic implications of nuclear weapons and war, ethics, civil defense, arms control, nuclear winter, and long-term biological consequences of nuclear war.

Cassel, C.; McCally, M.; Abraham, H.

1984-01-01

18

Nuclear Power  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

An introduction to nuclear fission, its controlled release in power stations, problems of nuclear waste, and nuclear accidents. A linked web page discusses nuclear weapons, their effect, their ban, and "dirty bombs". This material supplements a previous section on fission in the Sun and the curve of binding energy in "From Stargazers to Starships". A French translation also exists.

Stern, David

2004-11-28

19

Nuclear Facilities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In order to produce nuclear weapons, each country must have facilities to produce and refine the nuclear materials, conduct research on weapon design, and store the completed weapons. The interactives in this collection allow you to explore the nuclear facilities of the nuclear powers (both declared and undeclared).

Griffith, Christopher

20

Nuclear Engineering Nuclear Criticality Safety  

E-print Network

: the Alpha- Gamma Hot Cell Facility (AGHCF), Chemical Engineering Division (CMT) separa- tion technologyNuclear Engineering Nuclear Criticality Safety The Nuclear Engineering Division (NE) of Argonne to them state-of-the-art software and nuclear data libraries. Division NCS activities are complemented

Kemner, Ken

21

UNIVERSIDADE TECNICA DE LISBOA INSTITUTO SUPERIOR TECNICO  

E-print Network

B UNIVERSIDADE T�ECNICA DE LISBOA INSTITUTO SUPERIOR T�ECNICO VISUAL PERCEPTION FOR MOBILE ROBOTS : FROM PERCEPTS TO BEHAVIOURS JOS�E ALBERTO ROSADO DOS SANTOS VICTOR (Mestre) Tese para obten�c~ao do vision" approaches, thus justifying the title : Visual Perception for Mobile Robots : from Percepts

Instituto de Sistemas e Robotica

22

UNIVERSIDADE TECNICA DE LISBOA INSTITUTO SUPERIOR TECNICO  

E-print Network

, provavelmente, mais fortemente influenciou a minha maneira de ser. A Ana ensinou-me que o racionalismo mais bem^encia e Tecnologia, que financiou o meu Doutoramento, e `a Funda�c~ao Luso-Americana para o

Instituto de Sistemas e Robotica

23

UNIVERSIDADE TECNICA DE LISBOA INSTITUTO SUPERIOR TECNICO  

E-print Network

;#12;Resumo Muitas tarefas em robotica podem bene ciar perceptualmente do seguimento de alvos moveis no espaco genericos. Apresenta-se a implementac~ao do sistema projectado numa cabeca robotica de vis~ao activa~ao utilizadas no controlo dos movimentos de seguimento. Palavras Chave: vis~ao robotica, percepc~ao, sistemas

Instituto de Sistemas e Robotica

24

Nuclear Winter.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Nuclear Winter" was recently coined to describe the climatic and biological effects of a nuclear war. These effects are discussed based on models, simulations, scenarios, and projections. Effects on human populations are also considered. (JN)

Ehrlich, Anne

1984-01-01

25

Nuclear Power  

E-print Network

be inherently safe and environmentally benign. These realities of today's world are among the reasons that lead to serious interest in deploying nuclear power as a sustainable energy source. Today's nuclear reactors are safe and highly efficient energy systems...

26

Nuclear Receptors  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Teaching Resource provides lecture notes and slides for a class covering nuclear receptors and is part of the course "Cell Signaling Systems: A Course for Graduate Students." The lecture begins with a discussion of the structure of nuclear hormone receptors and then proceeds to describe mechanisms of transcriptional regulation, modulation of nuclear receptor activity by phosphorylation, and the role of nuclear receptors in cancer.

Reshma Taneja (Mount Sinai School of Medicine;Department of Molecular Cell and Developmental Biology REV)

2005-05-31

27

Nuclear Reactions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nuclear reactions generate energy in nuclear reactors, in stars, and are responsible for the existence of all elements heavier than hydrogen in the universe. Nuclear reactions denote reactions between nuclei, and between nuclei and other fundamental particles, such as electrons and photons. A short description of the conservation laws and the definition of basic physical quantities is presented, followed by

C. A. Bertulani

2009-01-01

28

Nuclear physics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Low energy nuclear physics rather than high energy, or elementary ; particle physics is considered. Nuclear structure at a fairly basic level, spin ; and static electric and magnetic moments, approached from quantum mechanics ; rather than through the vector model of angular momentum, nuclear decay: both ; electromagnetic and beta-decay are treated using quantum mechanics, but without ; formal

Bowler

1973-01-01

29

Seismic Data for Evaluation of Ground Motion Hazards in Las Vegas in Support of Test Site Readiness Ground Motion  

SciTech Connect

In this report we describe the data sets used to evaluate ground motion hazards in Las Vegas from nuclear tests at the Nevada Test Site. This analysis is presented in Rodgers et al. (2005, 2006) and includes 13 nuclear explosions recorded at the John Blume and Associates network, the Little Skull Mountain earthquake and a temporary deployment of broadband station in Las Vegas. The data are available in SAC format on CD-ROM as an appendix to this report.

Rodgers, A

2008-01-16

30

Nuclear Renaissance Requires Nuclear Enlightenment  

E-print Network

Nuclear energy was developed by technocratic elites during the Cold War and as a consequence is regarded by many as an authoritarian technology. This paper explores this history, but asks whether, as pressures grow for profound changes in energy use as a result of global anthropogenic climate change, nuclear power might actually represent a means to preserve our liberal society. If, in the absence of nuclear energy, aggressive constraints on consumer energy use are mandated in order to achieve climate stabilisation, then there are risks of increased social disorder as concerned minorities organise themselves to oppose measures that they regard as green authoritarianism. Thus far policy for nuclear power has been dominated by a technocratic intent to minimise safety risk in the objective statistical sense. More important, however, for the future politics of nuclear power will be public perceptions of risk and public preferences as to who should bear such risks. This paper argues that it is proper to do more to minimise public fears concerning nuclear power. Such actions must confront the reality that nuclear power, as conventionally deployed, is extremely well matched to public fright factors. While nuclear power is not especially dangerous- it is especially frightening. Various international approaches to nuclear energy policy are considered. This paper argues that, although there are relevant national constitutional and historical factors, those countries adopting more local consensus-based approaches are more likely to achieve enduring policy success. Such an approach would allow for a nuclear renaissance founded upon principles of nuclear enlightenment.

W J Nuttall

31

Nuclear blackmail and nuclear balance  

SciTech Connect

In numerous crises after World War II - Berlin, Korea, the Taiwan Straits, and the Middle East - the United States resorted to vague threats to use nuclear weapons in order to deter Soviet or Chinese military action. On a few occasions the Soviet Union also engaged in nuclear saber-rattling. Using declassified documents and other sources, this volume examines those crises and compares the decisionmaking process of leaders who considered nuclear threats to the commonly accepted logic of nuclear deterrence and coersion. Rejecting standard explanations of our leaders' logic in these cases, the author suggests that U.S. presidents were neither consciously bluffing when they made nuclear threats, nor were they prepared to face the consequences if their threats failed. The author also challenges the myth that the 1950s was a golden age of low vulnerability for the United States and details how nuclear parity has, and has not, altered conditions that gave rise to nuclear blackmail in the past.

Betts, R.K.

1987-01-01

32

Canadá, Colombia y las Américas  

Microsoft Academic Search

El acercamiento de Canadá a las zonas latinoamericanas cada es más notorio. Su llegada a la OEA y su historia política de una democracia sin reparos la perfilan como líder. Es así que Colombia tiene en este país un apoyo sólido para ampliar su comercio y resolver sus problemas de narcotráfico.

María Teresa Aya

33

Nuclear Halos  

SciTech Connect

We show that extreme nuclear halos are caused only by pairs of s-wave neutrons (or single s-wave neutrons) and that such states occur much more frequently in the periodic table than previously believed. Besides lingering long near zero neutron separation energy such extreme halos have very remarkable properties: they can contribute significantly to the nuclear density at more than twice the normal nuclear radius and their spreading width can be very narrow. The properties of these states are primarily determined by the ''thickness'' of the nuclear surface in the mean-free nuclear potential and thus their importance increases greatly as we approach the neutron drip line. We discuss what such extreme halos are, where they occur, what their properties are and some of their impact on nuclear observations.

Vogt, Erich [TRIUMF, 4004 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, BC, V6T 2A3 (Canada)

2010-07-27

34

Nuclear mortality  

SciTech Connect

The author notes that the anti-nuclear movement is shifting its focus from bodily harm to concern for the impact on our souls from building and threatening the use of nuclear weapons. Two aspects of nuclear deterrence receiving the most public attention are the freeze effort to halt weapons modernization and the no-first-use effort to take down the nuclear umbrella. Opponents attack both the countervalue and the counterforce approach, but the arguments of the Catholic bishops, Jonathan Schell, and others stop short of unilateral disarmament, which would be the greatest threat to our survival. Mr. Krauthammer observes that nuclear deterrence has worked, however, and will continue to be useful only if potential adversaries believe we have the will to use nuclear weapons. 2 references. (DCK)

Krauthammer, C.

1983-10-01

35

Nuclear Halos  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We show that extreme nuclear halos are caused only by pairs of s-wave neutrons (or single s-wave neutrons) and that such states occur much more frequently in the periodic table than previously believed. Besides lingering long near zero neutron separation energy such extreme halos have very remarkable properties: they can contribute significantly to the nuclear density at more than twice the normal nuclear radius and their spreading width can be very narrow. The properties of these states are primarily determined by the "thickness" of the nuclear surface in the mean-free nuclear potential and thus their importance increases greatly as we approach the neutron drip line. We discuss what such extreme halos are, where they occur, what their properties are and some of their impact on nuclear observations.

Vogt, Erich

2010-07-01

36

Nuclear physics  

SciTech Connect

This book is a simple and direct introduction to the tools of modern nuclear physics, both experimental and mathematical. Emphasizes physical intuition and illuminating analogies, rather than formal mathematics. Topics covered include particle accelerators, radioactive series, types of nuclear reactions, detection of the neutrino, nuclear isomerism, binding energy of nuclei, fission chain reactions, and predictions of the shell model. Each chapter contains problems and illustrative examples. Pre-requisites are calculus and elementary vector analysis.

Patel, S.B. (Ramnarain Ruia Coll., Bombay (India))

1991-01-01

37

Nuclear physics  

SciTech Connect

A simple and direct introduction to the tools of modern nuclear physics, both experimental and mathematical. Emphasizes physical intuition and illuminating analogies, rather than formal mathematics. Topics covered include particle accelerators, radioactive series, types of nuclear reactions, detection of the neutrino, nuclear isomerism, binding energy of nuclei, fission chain reactions, and predictions of the shell model. Each chapter contains problems and illustrative examples. Prerequisites are calculus and elementary vector analysis.

Patel, S.B.

1988-01-01

38

Nuclear Fission  

Microsoft Academic Search

The potential role of nuclear fission to meet increased future energy demand while reducing greenhouse gas emissions and controlling nuclear proliferation is assessed. The World Energy Council projection for an environmentally driven future is used, which projects deployment of nearly 3 TW(e) of nuclear generation by 2100, with concurrent reduction of global CO2 emissions to one-third of present levels. We

ERICH SCHNEIDER; WILLIAM C. SAILOR

2006-01-01

39

Nuclear Reactions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nuclear reactions generate energy in nuclear reactors, in stars, and are\\u000aresponsible for the existence of all elements heavier than hydrogen in the\\u000auniverse. Nuclear reactions denote reactions between nuclei, and between nuclei\\u000aand other fundamental particles, such as electrons and photons. A short\\u000adescription of the conservation laws and the definition of basic physical\\u000aquantities is presented, followed by

C. A. Bertulani; B. Kinematics

2009-01-01

40

Nuclear Lamins  

PubMed Central

The nuclear lamins are type V intermediate filament proteins that are critically important for the structural properties of the nucleus. In addition, they are involved in the regulation of numerous nuclear processes, including DNA replication, transcription and chromatin organization. The developmentally regulated expression of lamins suggests that they are involved in cellular differentiation. Their assembly dynamic properties throughout the cell cycle, particularly in mitosis, are influenced by posttranslational modifications. Lamins may regulate nuclear functions by direct interactions with chromatin and determining the spatial organization of chromosomes within the nuclear space. They may also regulate chromatin functions by interacting with factors that epigenetically modify the chromatin or directly regulate replication or transcription. PMID:20826548

Dechat, Thomas; Adam, Stephen A.; Taimen, Pekka; Shimi, Takeshi; Goldman, Robert D.

2010-01-01

41

La independencia de México y las misiones de las Californias: españoles versus mexicanos, 1821-1833  

Microsoft Academic Search

La secularización de las misiones de las Californias, gobernadas por religiosos dominicos y franciscanos, todos ellos de origen español, fue motivo de preocupación de los distintos gobiernos de la primera república mexicana. A pesar de la creencia generalizada de que fueron las leyes liberales las que hicieron desaparecer las misiones, se demuestra en este trabajo que fue el rechazo de

Jesús Ruiz de Gordejuela Urquijo

2008-01-01

42

Nuclear Power  

E-print Network

this report does not contain recommendations or solutions that the nuclear power community can adopt in order to deal effectively with electricity market deregulation, it is expected to be useful for policy makers and nuclear generators in identifying potential impacts on their particular situations and in planning for the future

In Competitive Electricity

43

Nuclear safety  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Topics dealing with nuclear safety are addressed which include the following: general safety requirements; safety design requirements; terrestrial safety; SP-100 Flight System key safety requirements; potential mission accidents and hazards; key safety features; ground operations; launch operations; flight operations; disposal; safety concerns; licensing; the nuclear engine for rocket vehicle application (NERVA) design philosophy; the NERVA flight safety program; and the NERVA safety plan.

Buden, D.

1991-01-01

44

Nuclear accidents  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Accidents at nuclear power plants can be especially devastating to people and the environment. This article, part of a series about the future of energy, introduces students to nuclear accidents at Chernobyl, Three Mile Island, and Tokaimura. Students explore the incidents by examining possible causes, environmental impacts, and effects on life.

Project, Iowa P.

2004-01-01

45

Nuclear hostages  

SciTech Connect

Classical physics since Roentgen's discovery of X-rays led quickly to work on atomic structure and the Nuclear Age. The author traces the history of decisions to pursue nuclear fission, the organization of the Manhattan Project, the compromises of the 1963 test ban treaty, and the dilemma of nuclear weapons development and deployment that now hold mankind hostage. He reviews the rationale for limited nuclear war, first strike, massive retaliation, non-proliferation, and the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT) treaties. He argues that the concepts of mobile MX weapons, fratricide, and population dispersal for civil defense are unworkable, suggesting a program of unilaterally withdrawing tactical nuclear weapons from Europe and strengthening intelligence and law-enforcement powers to withstand terrorist activity. Economic cooperation and political reconciliation may take a generation to achieve, but should be our national goal.

O'Keefe, B.J.

1983-01-01

46

Nuclear Astrophysics  

E-print Network

Nuclear physics has a long and productive history of application to astrophysics which continues today. Advances in the accuracy and breadth of astrophysical data and theory drive the need for better experimental and theoretical understanding of the underlying nuclear physics. This paper will review some of the scenarios where nuclear physics plays an important role, including Big Bang Nucleosynthesis, neutrino production by our sun, nucleosynthesis in novae, the creation of elements heavier than iron, and neutron stars. Big-bang nucleosynthesis is concerned with the formation of elements with A <= 7 in the early Universe; the primary nuclear physics inputs required are few-nucleon reaction cross sections. The nucleosynthesis of heavier elements involves a variety of proton-, alpha-, neutron-, and photon-induced reactions, coupled with radioactive decay. The advent of radioactive ion beam facilities has opened an important new avenue for studying these processes, as many involve radioactive species. Nuclear physics also plays an important role in neutron stars: both the nuclear equation of state and cooling processes involving neutrino emission play a very important role. Recent developments and also the interplay between nuclear physics and astrophysics will be highlighted.

Carl R. Brune

2005-02-28

47

Nuclear astrophysics.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nuclear astrophysics is that branch of astrophysics which helps understanding of the Universe, or at least some of its many faces, through the knowledge of the microcosm of the atomic nucleus. It attempts to find as many nuclear physics imprints as possible in the macrocosm, and to decipher what those messages are telling us about the varied constituent objects in the Universe at present and in the past. This review shows that astrophysics has been, and still is, highly demanding to nuclear physics in both its experimental and theoretical components. On top of the fact that large varieties of nuclei have to be dealt with, these nuclei are immersed in highly unusual environments which may have a significant impact on their static properties, the diversity of their transmutation modes, and on the probabilities of these modes. In order to have a chance of solving some of the problems nuclear astrophysics is facing the astrophysics and nuclear physicists are obviously bound to put their competence in common, and have sometimes to benefit from the help of other fields of physics, like particle physics, plasma physics or solid-state physics. Given the highly varied and complex aspects, the authors pick here some specific nuclear physics topics which largely pervade nuclear astrophysics.

Arnould, M.; Takahashi, K.

48

(Nuclear theory). [Research in nuclear physics  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses research in nuclear physics. Topics covered in this paper are: symmetry principles; nuclear astrophysics; nuclear structure; quark-gluon plasma; quantum chromodynamics; symmetry breaking; nuclear deformation; and cold fusion. (LSP)

Haxton, W.

1990-01-01

49

Las Cruces MPO 2040 Metropolitan Transportation Plan  

E-print Network

?A ANA COUNTY June 9, 2010 LAS CRUCES METROPOLITAN PLANNING ORGANIZATION Policy Committee Sharon Thomas, Chair - City of Las Cruces Scott Krahling, Vice Chair - Do?a Ana County Mayor Nora Barraza - Town of Mesilla Olga Pedroza - City of Las... Cruces Leticia Benavidez - Do?a Ana County Sam Bernal - Town of Mesilla Gill Sorg - City of Las Cruces Karen Perez - Do?a Ana County Linda Flores - Town of Mesilla Staff Tom Murphy, AICP, MPO Officer Andrew Hume, Planner Caeri Thomas...

Las Cruces Metropolitan Planning Organization

2010-06-09

50

Nuclear forces  

SciTech Connect

These lectures present an introduction into the theory of nuclear forces. We focus mainly on the modern approach, in which the forces between nucleons emerge from low-energy QCD via chiral effective field theory.

Machleidt, R. [Department of Physics, University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho 83844 (United States)

2013-06-10

51

Nuclear Celebrations  

E-print Network

Broadcast Transcript: The North Korean situation is frightening for many reasons but none, perhaps, more eerily disturbing than images of North Koreans celebrating in brightly colored costumes just days after the nation's underground nuclear test...

Hacker, Randi; Tsutsui, William

2006-11-01

52

todasuvida: Las personas con diabetes son ms  

E-print Network

diabetes Controlesu todasuvida: Las personas con diabetes son más propensas a padecer de enfermedades del corazón que quienes no tienen diabetes. Boletín 631 D Las personas con diabetes tienen mayor- res relacionados con la diabetes, como derrame cerebral, mala circulación en las piernas y pies e

53

Art & craft: Creative fiction and Las Vegas  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides a review of the contrasting ways in which modern essayists and novelists have reflected their experience of Las Vegas. The author suggests that while Las Vegas may serve as a convenient symbol for depression and alienation, contemporary fiction also celebrates Las Vegas for its life-enhancing impact. These themes are fused with surreal imagination in the novelKeno Runner

David Spanier

1995-01-01

54

Nuclear Nonproliferation  

SciTech Connect

With an explosion equivalent of about 20kT of TNT, the Trinity test was the first demonstration of a nuclear weapon. Conducted on July 16, 1945 in Alamogordo, NM this site is now a Registered National Historic Landmark. The concept and applicability of nuclear power was demonstrated on December 20, 1951 with the Experimental Breeder Reactor Number One (EBR-1) lit four light bulbs. This reactor is now a Registered National Historic Landmark, located near Arco, ID. From that moment forward it had been clearly demonstrated that nuclear energy has both peaceful and military applications and that the civilian and military fuel cycles can overlap. For the more than fifty years since the Atoms for Peace program, a key objective of nuclear policy has been to enable the wider peaceful use of nuclear energy while preventing the spread of nuclear weapons. Volumes have been written on the impact of these two actions on the world by advocates and critics; pundits and practioners; politicians and technologists. The nations of the world have woven together a delicate balance of treaties, agreements, frameworks and handshakes that are representative of the timeframe in which they were constructed and how they have evolved in time. Collectively these vehicles attempt to keep political will, nuclear materials and technology in check. This paper captures only the briefest abstract of the more significant aspects on the Nonproliferation Regime. Of particular relevance to this discussion is the special nonproliferation sensitivity associated with the uranium isotope separation and spent fuel reprocessing aspects of the nuclear fuel cycle.

Atkins-Duffin, C E

2008-12-10

55

Nuclear astrophysics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nuclear astrophysics is that branch of astrophysics which helps understanding of the Universe, or at least some of its many faces, through the knowledge of the microcosm of the atomic nucleus. It attempts to find as many nuclear physics imprints as possible in the macrocosm, and to decipher what those messages are telling us about the varied constituent objects in the Universe at present and in the past. In the last decades much advance has been made in nuclear astrophysics thanks to the sometimes spectacular progress made in the modelling of the structure and evolution of the stars, in the quality and diversity of the astronomical observations, as well as in the experimental and theoretical understanding of the atomic nucleus and of its spontaneous or induced transformations. Developments in other subfields of physics and chemistry have also contributed to that advance. Notwithstanding the accomplishment, many long-standing problems remain to be solved, and the theoretical understanding of a large variety of observational facts needs to be put on safer grounds. In addition, new questions are continuously emerging, and new facts endangering old ideas. This review shows that astrophysics has been, and still is, highly demanding to nuclear physics in both its experimental and theoretical components. On top of the fact that large varieties of nuclei have to be dealt with, these nuclei are immersed in highly unusual environments which may have a significant impact on their static properties, the diversity of their transmutation modes, and on the probabilities of these modes. In order to have a chance of solving some of the problems nuclear astrophysics is facing, the astrophysicists and nuclear physicists are obviously bound to put their competence in common, and have sometimes to benefit from the help of other fields of physics, like particle physics, plasma physics or solid-state physics. Given the highly varied and complex aspects, we pick here some specific nuclear physics topics which largely pervade nuclear astrophysics.

Arnould, M.; Takahashi, K.

1999-03-01

56

CURSOS DE POSTGRADO DEL CSIC 2008-2009 CIENCIA Y TECNOLOGA DE LOS MATERIALES  

E-print Network

DE ESTRUCTURAS EN SOLIDOS REALES: TECNICA DE RESONANCIA MAGNETICA NUCLEAR ESPECTROSCOPIAS DE ELECTRONICA DE TRANSMISIÃ?N (TEM) Y MICRO-RAMAN VISCOELASTICIDAD EN POLIMEROS #12;DETERMINACIÃ?N DE ESTRUCTURAS

57

Nuclear scales  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear scales are discussed from the nuclear physics viewpoint. The conventional nuclear potential is characterized as a black box that interpolates nucleon-nucleon (NN) data, while being constrained by the best possible theoretical input. The latter consists of the longer-range parts of the NN force (e.g., OPEP, TPEP, the {pi}-{gamma} force), which can be calculated using chiral perturbation theory and gauged using modern phase-shift analyses. The shorter-range parts of the force are effectively parameterized by moments of the interaction that are independent of the details of the force model, in analogy to chiral perturbation theory. Results of GFMC calculations in light nuclei are interpreted in terms of fundamental scales, which are in good agreement with expectations from chiral effective field theories. Problems with spin-orbit-type observables are noted.

Friar, J.L.

1998-12-01

58

Nuclear winter  

SciTech Connect

The 13 speakers at the October 1983 Conference on the World After Nuclear War each contributed specialized knowledge to the climatic and biological effects of nuclear war. The author highlights the findings of the TTAPS (named for its authors) study and confirmation by Soviet scientists on the nuclear winter. Atmospheric consequences would come from debris blocking sunlight and creating conditions of cold and darkness that could preclude the continued existence of life. The biological consequences of cold and darkness would be reduced photosynthesis, devastating losses of food, damage and death from ionizing radiation, and a breakdown of ecosystems. Impacts on the human population would be intensified by a breakdown in social services. The author summarizes points of discussion during the conference. 4 references.

Ehrlich, A.

1984-04-01

59

Nuclear pursuits  

SciTech Connect

This table lists quantities of warheads (in stockpile, peak number per year, total number built, number of known test explosions), weapon development milestones (developers of the atomic bomb and hydrogen bomb, date of first operational ICBM, first nuclear-powered naval SSN in service, first MIRVed missile deployed), and testing milestones (first fission test, type of boosted fission weapon, multistage thermonuclear test, number of months from fission bomb to multistage thermonuclear bomb, etc.), and nuclear infrastructure (assembly plants, plutonium production reactors, uranium enrichment plants, etc.). Countries included in the tally are the United States, Soviet Union, Britain, France, and China.

Not Available

1993-05-01

60

Nuclear Fission  

Microsoft Academic Search

The probability of nuclear fission is reviewed relative to spontaneous ; fission half lives, penetration of the fission barrier, fission with siow ; neutrons, fission at inoderate and high excitation energies. fission cross ; sections near the threshold, and the fission of elements lighter than thorium. ; The energy available for fission and the kinetic and excitation energies of ;

I. Halpern

1959-01-01

61

Nuclear fusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

The advantages of nuclear fusion as an energy source and research progress in this area are summarized. The current state of the art is described. Laser fusion, inertial confinement fusion, and magnetic fusion (the tokamak) are explained, the latter in some detail. Remaining problems and planned future reactors are considered. They are the Compact Ignition Tokamak (CIT), the International Thermonuclear

T. K. Fowler

1989-01-01

62

Nuclear Terrorism.  

SciTech Connect

As pointed out by several speakers, the level of violence and destruction in terrorist attacks has increased significantly during the past decade. Fortunately, few have involved weapons of mass destruction, and none have achieved mass casualties. The Aum Shinrikyo release of lethal nerve agent, sarin, in the Tokyo subway on March 20, 1995 clearly broke new ground by crossing the threshold in attempting mass casualties with chemical weapons. However, of all weapons of mass destruction, nuclear weapons still represent the most frightening threat to humankind. Nuclear weapons possess an enormous destructive force. The immediacy and scale of destruction are unmatched. In addition to destruction, terrorism also aims to create fear among the public and governments. Here also, nuclear weapons are unmatched. The public's fear of nuclear weapons or, for that matter, of all radioactivity is intense. To some extent, this fear arises from a sense of unlimited vulnerability. That is, radioactivity is seen as unbounded in three dimensions - distance, it is viewed as having unlimited reach; quantity, it is viewed as having deadly consequences in the smallest doses (the public is often told - incorrectly, of course - that one atom of plutonium will kill); and time, if it does not kill you immediately, then it will cause cancer decades hence.

Hecker, Siegfried S.

2001-01-01

63

Nuclear Misinformation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many scientists feel that research into nuclear safety has been diverted or distorted, and the results of the research concealed or inaccurately reported on a large number of occasions. Of particular concern have been the emergency cooling systems which have not, as yet, been adequately tested. (Author/MA)

Ford, Daniel F.; Kendall, Henry W.

1975-01-01

64

Nuclear Golf  

E-print Network

Broadcast Transcript: Pay no attention to that nuclear warhead behind the 18th hole; just shout "Fore!" and drive your Titleist down the fairway. In a development that is bizarre even by North Korean standards, the country is making a move to sell...

Hacker, Randi; Tsutsui, William

2006-12-06

65

Nuclear Medicine  

PubMed Central

Nuclear medicine utilizes radioisotopes to diagnose and in some cases treat disease. Modern instruments can image their accumulation in an organ and provide quantitative data when indicated. The strength of these procedures is in the unique physiologic information they provide, rather than the presentation of precise anatomic detail. ImagesFigure 1Figure 2Figure 3 PMID:21267203

Belzberg, Allan S.

1986-01-01

66

Nuclear medicine  

SciTech Connect

In 1985 and 1986 nuclear medicine became more and more oriented toward in vov chemistry, chiefly as a result of advances in positron emission tomography (PET). The most important trend was the extension of PET technology into the care of patients with brain tumors, epilepsy, and heart disease. A second trend was the increasing use of single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT).

Wagner, H.N. Jr.

1986-10-17

67

Radionuclide content of Las Vegas wash sediments  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Las Vegas Wash is an excavated waterway channel which drains all surface water and effluent discharge from sewage-treatment facilities from the greater Las Vegas Metropolitan Area to Lake Mead. Runoff and erosion processes are expected to transport man-made radioactivity that was deposited over the past several decades in the Las Vegas Valley. Additionally, radionuclides disposed of via the city`s

M. J. Rudin; A. M. Meyers; W. H. Johnson

1996-01-01

68

Neutrino nuclear response and photo nuclear reaction  

E-print Network

Photo nuclear reactions are shown to be used for studying neutrino/weak nuclear responses involved in astro-neutrino nuclear interactions and double beta decays. Charged current weak responses for ground and excited states are studied by using photo nuclear reactions through isobaric analog states of those states, while neutral current weak responses for excited states are studied by using photo nuclear reactions through the excited states. The weak interaction strengths are studied by measuring the cross sections of the photo nuclear reactions, and the spin and parity of the state are studied by measuring angular correlations of particles emitted from the photo nuclear reactions. Medium-energy polarized photons obtained from laser photons scattered off GeV electrons are very useful. Nuclear responses studied by photo nuclear reactions are used to evaluate neutrino/weak nuclear responses, i.e. nuclear beta and double beta matrix elements and neutrino nuclear interactions, and to verify theoretical calculations for them.

H. Ejiri; A. I. Titov; M. Boswell; A. Young

2013-11-10

69

BOARD OF REGENTS James Dean Leavitt , Chair.........................................................Las Vegas  

E-print Network

William G. Cobb ................................................................................Reno. Page............................................................................. Las Vegas Raymond

Hemmers, Oliver

70

Atmospheric Radioxenon Measurements in North Las Vegas, NV  

SciTech Connect

PNNL deployed the ARSA radioxenon measurement system in North Las Vegas for two weeks in February and March 2006 for the purpose of measuring the radioxenon background at a level of sensitivity much higher than previously done in the vicinity of the NTS. The measurements establish what might be expected if future measurements are taken at NTS itself. The measurements are also relevant to test site readiness. A second detector, the PEMS, built and operated by DRI, was deployed in conjunction with the ARSA and contained a PIC, aerosol collection filters, and meteorological sensors. Originally, measurements were also to be performed at Mercury, NV on the NTS, but these were canceled due to initial equipment problems with the ARSA detector. Some of the radioxenon measurements detected 133Xe at levels up to 3 mBq/m3. This concentration of radioxenon is consistent with the observation of low levels of radioxenon emanating from distance nuclear reactors. Previous measurements in areas of high nuclear reactor concentration have shown similar results, but the western US, in general, does not have many nuclear reactors. Measurements of the wind direction indicate that the air carrying the radioxenon came from south of the detector and not from the NTS.

Milbrath, Brian D.; Cooper, Matthew W.; Lidey, Lance S.; Bowyer, Ted W.; Hayes, James C.; McIntyre, Justin I.; Karr, L.; Shafer, D.; Tappen, J.

2006-07-31

71

Focus Article Nuclear winter  

E-print Network

Focus Article Nuclear winter Alan Robock Nuclear winter is the term for a theory describing the climatic effects of nuclear war. Smoke from the fires started by nuclear weapons, especially the black of these indirect effects. Nuclear proliferation is now expanding the threat. A nuclear war between India

Robock, Alan

72

Nuclear hybridization  

E-print Network

The internal structure of deuterons weakly influences a motion of their center of mass (translational motion) when the separation between deuterons is much larger than the nuclear radius. The scenario can be different when the wave function of two deuterons has a formal singularity along the line connecting them. The singularity is smeared out within the core of the deuteron radius around this line and the state becomes physical. Inside the core translational and internal nuclear coordinates (responsible for binding energy) are equally fast and become hybridized resulting in the increase of the binding energy in that region. This reduces the Coulomb barrier and allows fusion of deuterons which are "hot" inside the core and "cold" outside. In experiments the hybridized state can be obtained from the usual incident flux if to adjust its angular distribution. Manipulating the flux of low energy deuterons one can get fusion of them with a not small probability.

B. Ivlev

2013-12-20

73

Las Vegas bets on a sure winner  

Microsoft Academic Search

To protect the quality of Lake Mead and Las Vegas Wash in Nevada, six water treatment alternatives and three wastewater treatment plants in the Las Vegas Valley were analyzed. The treatment plants and the treatment alternatives are described. Studies on cost-effectiveness, functional limitations, environmental impact, and energy-efficiency of the treatment alternatives are discussed. The low lime treatment mode should be

J. B. Gilbert; G. L. Culp; J. E. Salo

1980-01-01

74

Las infecciones emergentes transmitidas por garrapatas  

Microsoft Academic Search

ResumenLas infecciones transmitidas por garrapatas aparecen por todo el mundo y son bien conocidas desde hace más de 100 años. Algunas enfermedades transmitidas por garrapatas son muy comunes mientras que otras son extremadamente raras. Las técnicas genéticas moleculares modernas (y la mayor disponibilidad de la reacción en cadena de la polimerasa) han llevado al descubrimiento y la clasificación de nuevos

Ingomar Mutz

2009-01-01

75

Capitulo 3 Las estructuras basicas de la  

E-print Network

Versi´on prelim inar Cap´itulo 3 Las estructuras b´asicas de la Combinatoria Cuando contamos y enumeramos, cuando hacemos Combinatoria, aparecen con frecuencia unas estructuras b´asicas, que merecen estas estructuras b´asicas: explicaremos los contextos en las que aparecen unas u otras y aprenderemos

Fernández Gallardo, Pablo

76

Nuclear Physics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nuclear Physics is the branch of physics that deals with the properties and\\u000astructure of matter on the hadronic level. In this article we review briefly\\u000athe history of this field, which has a major role in the development of our\\u000aunderstanding of nature. We then proceed to give an outline of a current\\u000aperspective of the field and of

E. M. Henley; J. P. Schiffer

1935-01-01

77

Nuclear Fission  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nuclear fission is a process in which a heavy nucleus splits into two much lighter nuclei. For some very unstable nuclei fission\\u000a can happen spontaneously, but that is a very rare event. Usually, the process is induced by the excitation of the nuclei by\\u000a bombarding them with particles or with gamma rays. Heavy nuclei have a greater neutron\\/proton ratio than

Hanne Andersen

78

Nuclear Fusion  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This simple and engaging astronomy activity explains nuclear fusion and how radiation is generated by stars, using marshmallows as a model. Learners will explore what cosmic radiation is and where it comes from, and how the elements in the universe are generated. The PDF contains step-by-step instructions, photos, presentation tips, links to background information, and a printable Periodic Table of the Elements.

Pacific, Astronomical S.

2008-01-01

79

Nuclear Physics  

E-print Network

Nuclear Physics is the branch of physics that deals with the properties and structure of matter on the hadronic level. In this article we review briefly the history of this field, which has a major role in the development of our understanding of nature. We then proceed to give an outline of a current perspective of the field and of some of the issues that are now on its frontiers.

E. M. Henley; J. P. Schiffer

1998-07-15

80

Nuclear fusion  

SciTech Connect

The advantages of nuclear fusion as an energy source and research progress in this area are summarized. The current state of the art is described. Laser fusion, inertial confinement fusion, and magnetic fusion (the tokamak) are explained, the latter in some detail. Remaining problems and planned future reactors are considered. They are the compact ignition tokamak (CIT), the international thermonuclear experimental reactor (ITER), and TIBER II. The design of the latter is shown.

Fowler, T.K. (Dept. of Nuci. Eng., California Univ., Berkeley, CA (US))

1989-05-01

81

Nuclear Waffles  

E-print Network

The dense neutron-rich matter found in supernovae and neutron stars is expected to form complex nonuniform phases referred to as nuclear pasta. The pasta shapes depend on density, temperature and proton fraction and determine many transport properties in supernovae and neutron star crusts. We use two recently developed hybrid CPU/GPU codes to perform large scale molecular dynamics (MD) simulations with $51200$ and $409600$ nucleons of nuclear pasta. From the output of the MD simulations we characterize the topology and compute two observables, the radial distribution function $g(r)$ and the structure factor $S(q)$, for systems with proton fractions $Y_p=0.10, 0.20, 0.30$ and $0.40$ at about one third of nuclear saturation density and temperatures near $1.0$ MeV. We observe that the two lowest proton fraction systems simulated, $Y_p=0.10$ and $0.20$, equilibrate quickly and form liquid-like structures. Meanwhile, the two higher proton fraction systems, $Y_p=0.30$ and $0.40$, take a longer time to equilibrate a...

Schneider, A S; Briggs, C M; Caplan, M E; Horowitz, C J

2014-01-01

82

Nuclear waste  

SciTech Connect

Radioactive waste is mounting at U.S. nuclear power plants at a rate of more than 2,000 metric tons a year. Pursuant to statute and anticipating that a geologic repository would be available in 1998, the Department of Energy (DOE) entered into disposal contracts with nuclear utilities. Now, however, DOE does not expect the repository to be ready before 2010. For this reason, DOE does not want to develop a facility for monitored retrievable storage (MRS) by 1998. This book is concerned about how best to store the waste until a repository is available, congressional requesters asked GAO to review the alternatives of continued storage at utilities' reactor sites or transferring waste to an MRS facility, GAO assessed the likelihood of an MRSA facility operating by 1998, legal implications if DOE is not able to take delivery of wastes in 1998, propriety of using the Nuclear Waste Fund-from which DOE's waste program costs are paid-to pay utilities for on-site storage capacity added after 1998, ability of utilities to store their waste on-site until a repository is operating, and relative costs and safety of the two storage alternatives.

Not Available

1991-09-01

83

Leaving Las Vegas: Exposure to Las Vegas and risk of suicide.  

PubMed

Residents of Las Vegas, Nevada have much higher suicide rates than residents of other metropolitan counties in the USA. Whether the risk of suicide among visitors to Las Vegas is also significantly elevated has been difficult to assess because person-time denominator information is not available. We used a case-control design to examine the association between exposure to Las Vegas and risk of suicide expressed as mortality odds ratios. We conceptualized four different types of potential suicide risk with respect to Las Vegas: (1) risk of suicide among usual residents of Las Vegas ("chronic risk"), (2) risk of suicide among temporary visitors to Las Vegas ("acute risk"), (3) risk of suicide among Las Vegas residents visiting elsewhere ("leaving Las Vegas risk"), and (4) risk of suicide among travelers in general ("traveler risk"). Controlling for age, gender, marital status, and year effects, the odds of suicide among Las Vegas residents was at least 50% greater than among residents elsewhere in each of the three decades we observed. Visitors to Las Vegas were at double the risk compared to those who stayed in their home county. Leaving Las Vegas was associated with a greater than 20% reduction in risk for suicide. Traveling to Las Vegas is associated with a twofold increase in risk compared to traveling elsewhere. We discuss three possible theoretical frameworks to help explain our observed results: ecological effects, whereby social factors unique to Las Vegas, or uniquely amplified in Las Vegas, result in increased risk to both residents and visitors; selection effects whereby those predisposed to suicide disproportionately choose Las Vegas to reside in and visit; and contagion effects, whereby high numbers of suicides tend to lead to even greater numbers over time, as people emulate the suicides of others. We compare our empirical evidence for each of the effects with existing sociological and historical scholarship on Las Vegas. PMID:18938005

Wray, Matt; Miller, Matthew; Gurvey, Jill; Carroll, Joanna; Kawachi, Ichiro

2008-12-01

84

Nuclear photonics  

SciTech Connect

With the planned new {gamma}-beam facilities like MEGa-ray at LLNL (USA) or ELI-NP at Bucharest (Romania) with 10{sup 13}{gamma}/s and a band width of {Delta}E{gamma}/E{gamma} Almost-Equal-To 10{sup -3}, a new era of {gamma} beams with energies up to 20MeV comes into operation, compared to the present world-leading HI{gamma}S facility at Duke University (USA) with 10{sup 8}{gamma}/s and {Delta}E{gamma}/E{gamma} Almost-Equal-To 3 Dot-Operator 10{sup -2}. In the long run even a seeded quantum FEL for {gamma} beams may become possible, with much higher brilliance and spectral flux. At the same time new exciting possibilities open up for focused {gamma} beams. Here we describe a new experiment at the {gamma} beam of the ILL reactor (Grenoble, France), where we observed for the first time that the index of refraction for {gamma} beams is determined by virtual pair creation. Using a combination of refractive and reflective optics, efficient monochromators for {gamma} beams are being developed. Thus, we have to optimize the total system: the {gamma}-beam facility, the {gamma}-beam optics and {gamma} detectors. We can trade {gamma} intensity for band width, going down to {Delta}E{gamma}/E{gamma} Almost-Equal-To 10{sup -6} and address individual nuclear levels. The term 'nuclear photonics' stresses the importance of nuclear applications. We can address with {gamma}-beams individual nuclear isotopes and not just elements like with X-ray beams. Compared to X rays, {gamma} beams can penetrate much deeper into big samples like radioactive waste barrels, motors or batteries. We can perform tomography and microscopy studies by focusing down to {mu}m resolution using Nuclear Resonance Fluorescence (NRF) for detection with eV resolution and high spatial resolution at the same time. We discuss the dominating M1 and E1 excitations like the scissors mode, two-phonon quadrupole octupole excitations, pygmy dipole excitations or giant dipole excitations under the new facet of applications. We find many new applications in biomedicine, green energy, radioactive waste management or homeland security. Also more brilliant secondary beams of neutrons and positrons can be produced.

Habs, D.; Guenther, M. M.; Jentschel, M.; Thirolf, P. G. [Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet Muenchen, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Max Planck Institut fuer Quantenoptik, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Institut Laue-Langevin, F-38042 Grenoble (Germany); Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet Muenchen, D-85748 Garching (Germany)

2012-07-09

85

The Nuclear Power/Nuclear Weapons Connection.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Once they have nuclear power, most countries will divert nuclear materials from commercial to military programs. In excerpts from the book "Facing the Danger" (by Totten, S. and M. W., Crossing Press, 1984), five anti-nuclear activists explain how and why they have been addressing the nuclear connection. (RM)

Totten, Sam; Totten, Martha Wescoat

1985-01-01

86

Nuclear Waffles  

E-print Network

The dense neutron-rich matter found in supernovae and neutron stars is expected to form complex nonuniform phases referred to as nuclear pasta. The pasta shapes depend on density, temperature and proton fraction and determine many transport properties in supernovae and neutron star crusts. We use two recently developed hybrid CPU/GPU codes to perform large scale molecular dynamics (MD) simulations with $51200$ and $409600$ nucleons of nuclear pasta. From the output of the MD simulations we characterize the topology and compute two observables, the radial distribution function $g(r)$ and the structure factor $S(q)$, for systems with proton fractions $Y_p=0.10, 0.20, 0.30$ and $0.40$ at about one third of nuclear saturation density and temperatures near $1.0$ MeV. We observe that the two lowest proton fraction systems simulated, $Y_p=0.10$ and $0.20$, equilibrate quickly and form liquid-like structures. Meanwhile, the two higher proton fraction systems, $Y_p=0.30$ and $0.40$, take a longer time to equilibrate and organize themselves in solid-like periodic structures. Furthermore, the $Y_p=0.40$ system is made up of slabs, lasagna phase, interconnected by defects while the $Y_p=0.30$ systems consist of a stack of perforated plates, the nuclear waffle phase. The periodic configurations observed in our MD simulations for proton fractions $Y_p\\ge0.30$ have important consequences for the structure factors $S(q)$ of protons and neutrons, which relate to many transport properties of supernovae and neutron star crust. A detailed study of the waffle phase and how its structure depends on temperature, size of the simulation and the screening length showed that finite-size effects appear to be under control and, also, that the plates in the waffle phase merge at temperatures slightly above $1.0$ MeV and the holes in the plates form an hexagonal lattice at temperatures slightly lower than $1.0$ MeV.

A. S. Schneider; D. K. Berry; C. M. Briggs; M. E. Caplan; C. J. Horowitz

2014-09-08

87

Nuclear energy.  

PubMed

Nuclear energy can play a role in carbon free production of electrical energy, thus making it interesting for tomorrow's energy mix. However, several issues have to be addressed. In fission technology, the design of so-called fourth generation reactors show great promise, in particular in addressing materials efficiency and safety issues. If successfully developed, such reactors may have an important and sustainable part in future energy production. Working fusion reactors may be even more materials efficient and environmental friendly, but also need more development and research. The roadmap for development of fourth generation fission and fusion reactors, therefore, asks for attention and research in these fields must be strengthened. PMID:20873683

Grandin, Karl; Jagers, Peter; Kullander, Sven

2010-01-01

88

Nuclear security  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy's (DOE) Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, located in Livermore, California, generates and controls large numbers of classified documents associated with the research and testing of nuclear weapons. Concern has been raised about the potential for espionage at the laboratory and the national security implications of classified documents being stolen. This paper determines the extent of missing classified documents at the laboratory and assesses the adequacy of accountability over classified documents in the laboratory's custody. Audit coverage was limited to the approximately 600,000 secret documents in the laboratory's custody. The adequacy of DOE's oversight of the laboratory's secret document control program was also assessed.

Dingell, J.D.

1991-02-01

89

LAS0811: From Combinatorial Chemistry to Activation of Antioxidant Response Element  

PubMed Central

The antioxidant response element (ARE) and its transcription factor, nuclear factor-erythroid 2 p45-related factor 2 (Nrf2), are potential targets for cancer chemoprevention. We sought to screen small molecules synthesized with combinatorial chemistry for activation of ARE. By high-throughput screening of 9400 small molecules from 10 combinatorial chemical libraries using HepG2 cells with an ARE-driven reporter, we have identified a novel small molecule, 1,2-dimethoxy-4,5-dinitrobenzene (LAS0811), as an activator of the ARE. LAS0811 upregulated the activity of NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1), a representative antioxidative enzyme regulated by ARE. It enhanced production of an endogenous reducing agent, glutathione (GSH). In addition, LAS0811 induced expression of heme oxygenase 1 (HO1), which is an ARE-regulated enzyme with anti-inflammatory activity. Furthermore, LAS0811 reduced cell death due to the cytotoxic stress of a strong oxidant, t-butyl hydroperoxide (t-BOOH). Mechanistically, LAS0811 upregulated the expression of Nrf2 and promoted its translocation into the nuclei leading to subsequent ARE activation. Taken together, LAS0811 is a novel activator of the ARE and its associated detoxifying genes and, thus, a potential agent for cancer chemoprevention. PMID:19794825

Zhu, Ming; Baek, Hyounggee; Liu, Ruiwu; Song, Aimin; Lam, Kit; Lau, Derick

2009-01-01

90

Nuclear power: Fourth edition  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book describes the basics of nuclear power generation, explaining both the benefits and the real and imagined risks of nuclear power. It includes a discussion of the Three Mile Island accident and its effects. Nuclear Power has been used in the public information programs of more than 100 utilities. The contents discussed are: Nuclear Power and People; Why Nuclear

Deutsch

1986-01-01

91

Catalysinganenergyrevolution Nuclear Failures  

E-print Network

Catalysinganenergyrevolution France's Nuclear Failures The great illusion of nuclear energy greenpeace.org #12;Contents 2 Greenpeace International France's Nuclear Failures The French nuclear industry's key players: For more information contact enquiries@int.greenpeace.org JN 188 Cover image: Nuclear

Laughlin, Robert B.

92

Nuclear power revival  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has not been a nuclear power plant licensed since 1979 due to the radioactive releases at the Three Mile Island nuclear power plant and an accident at Chernobyl. The public and federal government opinion regarding nuclear power has since changed because the nuclear power plants are operating with unprecedented reliability and economy. Nuclear has again become the focus of

Narinder K. Trehan; Rohit Saran

2003-01-01

93

Interactions between LAS and nonionic surfactants  

Microsoft Academic Search

Physicochemical interactions between linear alkylbenzene sulfonate (LAS) and various linear alcohol nonionics (NI) have been\\u000a investigated. The effect of adding nonionic to LAS on critical micelle concentration (cmc), surface tension, water hardness\\u000a sensitivity and detergency performance depends on both hydrophobe and hydrophile structure. The addition of low levels of\\u000a a lauryl range-high EO nonionic surfactant significantly lowers cmc and causes

Michael F. Cox; Nelson F. Borys; Ted P. Matson

1985-01-01

94

Nuclear Power Plant Accidents  

MedlinePLUS

NUCLEAR POWER PLANT ACCIDENTS Nuclear power plants have safety and security procedures in place and are closely monitored ... a plume). What are the main dangers of nuclear power plant accidents? Radioactive materials in the plume from ...

95

Nuclear Stress Test  

MedlinePLUS

... rest (left) and during exercise (right) from a nuclear stress test. A nuclear stress test lets doctors see pictures of your ... the heart has any damaged or dead muscle. Nuclear stress tests can also give doctors information about ...

96

Nitrogen and Phosphorus Hydrochemistry in Las Vegas Wash.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The sources of nitrogen and phosphorus nutrient species, the chemical reactions occurring, and the parameters of nutrient uptake were studied for the Las Vegas Wash hydrologic system. Las Vegas Wash, a natural drainage channel running from Las Vegas Valle...

A. Schmidt, J. W. Hess

1980-01-01

97

Las Cruces International Airport (LRU) Pavement Condition and Analysis  

E-print Network

. Design Aircraft Used for Runway Pavement Design 20 1. Las Cruces International Airport (LRU) Aircraft Operations (2008-09) 5 .........Table 2. Las Cruces International Airport (LRU) Predicted Aircraft Operations 2007-2027 6 .............Figure 2. Las

Cal, Mark P.

98

Focused technology: Nuclear propulsion  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Five viewgraphs are presented that outline the objectives and elements of the Nuclear Propulsion Program, mission considerations, propulsion technologies, and the logic flow path for nuclear propulsion development.

Miller, Thomas J.

1993-01-01

99

Climate Change, Nuclear Power and Nuclear  

E-print Network

Climate Change, Nuclear Power and Nuclear Proliferation: Magnitude Matters Rob Goldston MIT IAP-1 Electricity Generation: CCS and Nuclear Power Technology Options Available Global Electricity Generation WRE_04S550Ref 12_04S650Ref ElectricalPowerProduction EJ/year J. Edmonds et al. 2006 #12;Figure 17A

100

The Arabidopsis Nuclear Pore and Nuclear Envelope  

PubMed Central

The nuclear envelope is a double membrane structure that separates the eukaryotic cytoplasm from the nucleoplasm. The nuclear pores embedded in the nuclear envelope are the sole gateways for macromolecular trafficking in and out of the nucleus. The nuclear pore complexes assembled at the nuclear pores are large protein conglomerates composed of multiple units of about 30 different nucleoporins. Proteins and RNAs traffic through the nuclear pore complexes, enabled by the interacting activities of nuclear transport receptors, nucleoporins, and elements of the Ran GTPase cycle. In addition to directional and possibly selective protein and RNA nuclear import and export, the nuclear pore gains increasing prominence as a spatial organizer of cellular processes, such as sumoylation and desumoylation. Individual nucleoporins and whole nuclear pore subcomplexes traffic to specific mitotic locations and have mitotic functions, for example at the kinetochores, in spindle assembly, and in conjunction with the checkpoints. Mutants of nucleoporin genes and genes of nuclear transport components lead to a wide array of defects from human diseases to compromised plant defense responses. The nuclear envelope acts as a repository of calcium, and its inner membrane is populated by functionally unique proteins connected to both chromatin and—through the nuclear envelope lumen—the cytoplasmic cytoskeleton. Plant nuclear pore and nuclear envelope research—predominantly focusing on Arabidopsis as a model—is discovering both similarities and surprisingly unique aspects compared to the more mature model systems. This chapter gives an overview of our current knowledge in the field and of exciting areas awaiting further exploration. PMID:22303264

Meier, Iris; Brkljacic, Jelena

2010-01-01

101

Nuclear Power in China  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In response to the Fukushima accident, China is strengthening its nuclear safety at reactors in operation, under construction and in preparation, including efforts to improve nuclear safety regulations and guidelines based on lessons learned from the accident. Although China is one of the major contributors in the global nuclear expansion, China's nuclear power industry is relatively young. Its nuclear safety regulators are less experienced compared to those in other major nuclear power countries. To realize China's resolute commitment to rapid growth of safe nuclear energy, detailed analyses of its nuclear safety regulatory system are required. This talk explains China's nuclear energy program and policy at first. It also explores China's governmental activities and future nuclear development after Fukushima accidents. At last, an overview of China's nuclear safety regulations and practices are provided. Issues and challenges are also identified for police makers, regulators, and industry professionals.

Zhou, Yun

2012-02-01

102

Nuclear reactor  

DOEpatents

A nuclear reactor comprising a cylindrical pressure vessel, an elongated annular core centrally disposed within and spaced from the pressure vessel, and a plurality of ducts disposed longitudinally of the pressure vessel about the periphery thereof, said core comprising an annular active portion, an annular reflector just inside the active portion, and an annular reflector just outside the active a portion, said annular active portion comprising rectangular slab, porous fuel elements radially disposed around the inner reflector and extending the length of the active portion, wedge-shaped, porous moderator elements disposed adjacent one face of each fuel element and extending the length of the fuel element, the fuel and moderator elements being oriented so that the fuel elements face each other and the moderator elements do likewise, adjacent moderator elements being spaced to provide air inlet channels, and adjacent fuel elements being spaced to provide air outlet channels which communicate with the interior of the peripheral ducts, and means for introducing air into the air inlet channels which passes through the porous moderator elements and porous fuel elements to the outlet channel.

Thomson, Wallace B. (Severna Park, MD)

2004-03-16

103

Nuclear Entalpies  

E-print Network

In a compressed Nuclear Matter (NM) an increasing pressure between the nucleons starts to increase the ratio of a nucleon Fermi to average single particle energy and in accordance with the Hugenholtz-van Hove theorem the longitudinal Momentum Sum Rule (MSR) is broken in a Relativistic Mean Field (RMF) approach. We propose to benefit from the concept of enthalpy in order to show how to fulfill the MSR above a saturation density with pressure corrections. As a result a nucleon mass can decrease with density, making the Equation of State (EoS) softer. The course of the EoS in our modified RMF model is close to a semi-empirical estimate and to results obtained from extensive DBHF calculations with a Bonn A potential, which produce the EoS stiff enough to describe neutron star properties (mass-radius constraint), especially the most massive known neutron star. The presented model has proper saturation properties, including good values of a compressibility and a spin-orbit term.

J. Rozynek

2013-11-14

104

The philosophical foundations of Las Vegas.  

PubMed

Las Vegas is a city that has long challenged social norms of the rest of the United States and built a highly successful economic base on gambling and other hedonistic pursuits. Now that many other states and communities are pursuing or actively considering following the route of legal casinos for economic development purposes, the ethical considerations that have confronted Las Vegas about the question of gambling and its broader social impacts take on greater import.This paper examines the ethics of gambling relative to Las Vegas at two levels: first, as a pragmatic trade-off of accepting an activity with some bad consequences because of the economic benefits that can be derived; and second, more fundamentally, by examining the validity of the major ethical arguments against gambling. PMID:24233351

Scriven, M

1995-03-01

105

NuclearForensicsUndergraduateSummerSchool June 10th through July 19th, 2013  

E-print Network

in nuclear and radio- chemistry, as well as in the chemical and physical characterization of actinide, Las Vegas Who Can Apply: Undergraduate students specializing in the physical sciences are encouraged components and chemistry in the nuclear fuel cycle · The chemistry of key radio-nuclides in applications

Reed, Christopher A.

106

ANNOUNCEMENT NUCLEAR ENGINEERING FACULTY POSITION  

E-print Network

ANNOUNCEMENT NUCLEAR ENGINEERING FACULTY POSITION The Department of Nuclear Engineering at the Assistant or Associate Professor level. These areas include, but are not limited to, nuclear system instrumentation & controls, monitoring and diagnostics, reactor dynamics, nuclear security, nuclear materials

Tennessee, University of

107

Nuclear Reaction Data Centers  

SciTech Connect

The cooperating Nuclear Reaction Data Centers are involved in the compilation and exchange of nuclear reaction data for incident neutrons, charged particles and photons. Individual centers may also have services in other areas, e.g., evaluated data, nuclear structure and decay data, reactor physics, nuclear safety; some of this information may also be exchanged between interested centers. 20 refs., 1 tab.

McLane, V.; Nordborg, C.; Lemmel, H.D.; Manokhin, V.N.

1988-01-01

108

Revitalizing Nuclear Safety Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report covers the general issues involved in nuclear safety research and points out the areas needing detailed consideration. Topics included are: (1) "Principles of Nuclear Safety Research" (examining who should fund, who should conduct, and who should set the agenda for nuclear safety research); (2) "Elements of a Future Agenda for Nuclear…

National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC.

109

Nuclear Science & Engineering  

E-print Network

. 1 Nuclear Science & Engineering Nuclear Energy Present and Future Ian H. Hutchinson Head, Department of Nuclear Science and Engineering CoPrincipal, Alcator Tokamak Project, Plasma Science and Fusion Center Massachusetts Institute of Technology Outline: Nuclear Power in the US and the World Limitations

110

The New Nuclear Nations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the issue of nuclear proliferation, noting that the countries with nuclear capability now include Israel, South Africa, India, and Pakistan. Describes the role and problems of the United States in halting nuclearization. Supplies charts, maps, and information concerning the state of nuclear capability in each country. (NL)

Spector, Leonard S.

1990-01-01

111

Future of nuclear reactors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nuclear technology makes materials available which may be used in nuclear explosives. This problem cannot be solved either in a purely technical manner nor by a purely political approach. Nuclear reactors may be most useful in developed countries, and they would drive down oil prices. Various technical ways of modifying nuclear technology to impede the production of weapons are described:

1976-01-01

112

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Author's preface; 1. Introduction; 2. Basic theory; 3. Experimental methods; 4. Measurement of nuclear properties and general physical applications; 5. Nuclear magnetic resonance in liquids and gases; 6. Nuclear magnetic resonance in non-metallic solids; 7. Nuclear magnetic resonance in metals; 8. Quadrupole effects; Appendices 1-6; Glossary of symbols; Bibliography and author index; Subject index.

Andrew, E. R.

2009-06-01

113

A nuclear energy revival  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article the author examines those ancillary policies or activities that will assure that nuclear power gets a fair market test in a dynamic energy market. Topics included are ownership of nuclear plants, open markets, and high-level nuclear waste. The author advocates allowing market forces to dictate whether the nuclear industry survives and prospers.

Sillin

1991-01-01

114

Nuclear energy and security  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear power is an important and, the authors believe, essential component of a secure nuclear future. Although nuclear fuel cycles create materials that have some potential for use in nuclear weapons, with appropriate fuel cycles, nuclear power could reduce rather than increase real proliferation risk worldwide. Future fuel cycles could be designed to avoid plutonium production, generate minimal amounts of plutonium in proliferation-resistant amounts or configurations, and/or transparently and efficiently consume plutonium already created. Furthermore, a strong and viable US nuclear infrastructure, of which nuclear power is a large element, is essential if the US is to maintain a leadership or even participatory role in defining the global nuclear infrastructure and controlling the proliferation of nuclear weapons. By focusing on new fuel cycles and new reactor technologies, it is possible to advantageously burn and reduce nuclear materials that could be used for nuclear weapons rather than increase and/or dispose of these materials. Thus, the authors suggest that planners for a secure nuclear future use technology to design an ideal future. In this future, nuclear power creates large amounts of virtually atmospherically clean energy while significantly lowering the threat of proliferation through the thoughtful use, physical security, and agreed-upon transparency of nuclear materials. The authors must develop options for policy makers that bring them as close as practical to this ideal. Just as Atoms for Peace became the ideal for the first nuclear century, they see a potential nuclear future that contributes significantly to power for peace and prosperity.

BLEJWAS,THOMAS E.; SANDERS,THOMAS L.; EAGAN,ROBERT J.; BAKER,ARNOLD B.

2000-01-01

115

Nuclear air cushion vehicles  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The state-of-the-art of the still-conceptual nuclear air cushion vehicle, particularly the nuclear powerplant is identified. Using mission studies and cost estimates, some of the advantages of nuclear power for large air cushion vehicles are described. The technology studies on mobile nuclear powerplants and conceptual ACV systems/missions studies are summarized.

Anderson, J. L.

1973-01-01

116

Nuclear Smuggling Incidents  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Since the early 1990s, there have been numerous reports of illicit trafficking in many types of nuclear materials worldwide. According to IAEA, nuclear materials include nuclear source material, such as natural uranium, depleted uranium, thorium, plutonium, and uranium enriched in the isotopes U-233 or U-235. This section explores how nuclear materials have been smuggled around the world.

Griffith, Christopher

117

Radionuclide content of Las Vegas wash sediments  

SciTech Connect

The Las Vegas Wash is an excavated waterway channel which drains all surface water and effluent discharge from sewage-treatment facilities from the greater Las Vegas Metropolitan Area to Lake Mead. Runoff and erosion processes are expected to transport man-made radioactivity that was deposited over the past several decades in the Las Vegas Valley. Additionally, radionuclides disposed of via the city`s sanitary system are expected to accumulate in the Wash sediments. Fine and coarse sediment samples were collected at 100 m intervals and analyzed to determine the distribution of alpha- and gamma-emitting radionuclides in the lower 5,500 in of the Las Vegas Wash. Results indicate little accumulation of long-lived fission products in upstream Wash sediments. However, trace amounts of fission products measured in downstream sediments suggest the resuspension and transport of radioactive particulate matter within the Wash. Levels of naturally-occurring radionuclides found in Wash sediments were found to be consistent with levels typically found in southeast Nevada soils.

Rudin, M.J.; Meyers, A.M.; Johnson, W.H. [Univ. of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV (United States)

1996-06-01

118

Women and Las Navas de Tolosa  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sources do not particularly attend to women and Las Navas de Tolosa, neither their direct experience of the battle, nor the impact of the battle on their status in the aftermath – although they tell us more than we might expect. More significantly, current historiography of medieval women suggests that such watershed events do not fit with the continuities and

Miriam Shadis

2012-01-01

119

en las ciencias marinas Revista Universitaria  

E-print Network

animales, alimento principal de estos seres marinos. A partir de una recopilación de lo mejor de los que las estrellas de mar son animales que ejecutan su movimiento gracias a que están llenas de agua

Hernández-Walls, Rafael

120

Wilson Botanical Garden Las Cruces Biological Station  

E-print Network

Wilson Botanical Garden Las Cruces Biological Station Apdo. 73-8257 San Vito, Coto Brus, COSTA RICA you can do to help at the Wilson Botanical Garden, please email us at lcruces@ots.ac.cr. Tree Tour finally finished the Wilson Botanical Garden Tree Tour booklet in both Spanish and English. The self

Sekercioglu, Cagan Hakki

121

Vertical nuclear proliferation  

Microsoft Academic Search

All the nuclear-weapon states are working to develop new nuclear-weapon systems and upgrade their existing ones. Although the US Congress has recently blocked further development of small nuclear weapons and earth-penetrating nuclear weapons, the United States is planning a range of new warheads under the Reliable Replacement Warhead programme, and renewing its nuclear weapons infrastructure. The United Kingdom is spending

Victor W. Sidel

2007-01-01

122

Importing the BombSensitive Nuclear Assistance and Nuclear Proliferation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Why do nuclear weapons spread? Using new data on sensitive nuclear transfers, this article analyzes the determinants of nuclear proliferation. The author first describes a simple logic of the technical and strategic advantages that potential nuclear proliferators can gain by importing nuclear materials and technology from more advanced nuclear states. The author then shows that sensitive nuclear transfers are an

Matthew Kroenig

2009-01-01

123

Aircraft Accident Report - Las Vegas Airlines, Piper PA-31-350, N44LV, Las Vegas, Nevada, August 30, 1978.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

About 0747 P.d.t., August 30, 1978, Las Vegas Airlines Flight 44, a Piper PA-31-350 (N44LV), crashed in VFR conditions shortly after takeoff from runway 25 at the North Las Vegas Airport, Las Vegas, Nevada. Flight 44 was a charter flight from Las Vegas, N...

1978-01-01

124

Departamento de Matematica, Universidad Tecnica Federico Santa Maria  

E-print Network

una escalera tal que en la primera fila que es la mas alta est´a un cubito, en la segunda fila hay 2 escalera de 12 filas? 2. ¿Cu´anto filas tiene la escalera de 120 cubitos? 11) En una progreci´on geom

Markina, Irina

125

Universidad Rey Juan Carlos Escuela Tecnica Superior de Ingenieria Informatica  

E-print Network

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 v #12;vi ´INDICE GENERAL 3. Descripci´on Inform´atica 15 3.1. Modelo de desarrollo del software que la aplicaci´on se comporte de forma robusta a variaciones en la iluminaci´on y que, en la medida

Pantrigo Fernández, Juan José

126

Departamento de Matematica, Universidad Tecnica Federico Santa Maria  

E-print Network

volumen V de una bola de nieve que se derrite es proporcional a la superficie S de la bola (es decir, dV dt = -kS, donde k es una constante positiva). Si el radio de la bola es r = 2 cuando t = 0 y r = 0

Markina, Irina

127

La importancia de las vas de introduccin  

E-print Network

barcos o transporte de mercancías). Animales como el visón, el visón americano (Mustela vison) y muchos de los animales, de modo similar, se pueden señalar la ganadería, la caza, el recreo (mascotas), la animales de compañía, vertido de restos de jardinería en el medio natural, etc.). Centrándonos en las

García-Berthou, Emili

128

Double Nuclear Resonance and Nuclear Relaxation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The double nuclear resonance effect can be observed in materials in ; which nuclear spin-lattice relaxation occurs through paramagnetic imourities. A ; technique using Zeeman transitions of the distant nuclei to detect hyperfine ; transitions associated with nuclei at the paramagnetic impurities is preseated. ; (L.N.N.);

E. C. McIrvine; J. Lambe; N. Laurance; T. Cole

1962-01-01

129

Nuclear Scans (Cancer)  

MedlinePLUS

... Radiographic studies (regular x-rays and contrast studies) Mammography Nuclear scans Ultrasound Categories of some common imaging ... of cancer To learn more References Previous Topic Mammography Next Topic Ultrasound Nuclear scans Other names include ...

130

Nuclear disarmament verification  

SciTech Connect

Arms control treaties, unilateral actions, and cooperative activities -- reflecting the defusing of East-West tensions -- are causing nuclear weapons to be disarmed and dismantled worldwide. In order to provide for future reductions and to build confidence in the permanency of this disarmament, verification procedures and technologies would play an important role. This paper outlines arms-control objectives, treaty organization, and actions that could be undertaken. For the purposes of this Workshop on Verification, nuclear disarmament has been divided into five topical subareas: Converting nuclear-weapons production complexes, Eliminating and monitoring nuclear-weapons delivery systems, Disabling and destroying nuclear warheads, Demilitarizing or non-military utilization of special nuclear materials, and Inhibiting nuclear arms in non-nuclear-weapons states. This paper concludes with an overview of potential methods for verification.

DeVolpi, A.

1993-12-31

131

Nuclear Facilities Licensing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The need for the adoption of a legal and normative system, defining objectives, pescriptions and the process of nuclear licensing and building of nuclear power plants in Brazil is enphasized. General rules for the development of this system are presented....

A. J. M. de Carvalho

1978-01-01

132

Improvised Nuclear Device  

MedlinePLUS

... Improvised Nuclear Device (IND) is a type of nuclear weapon. When an IND explodes, it gives off four types of energy: a blast wave, intense light, heat, and radiation. The bomb dropped on Hiroshima, Japan, at the ...

133

Nuclear air cushion vehicles.  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper serves several functions. It identifies the 'state-of-the-art' of the still-conceptual nuclear air cushion vehicle, particularly the nuclear powerplant. Using mission studies and cost estimates, the report describes some of the advantages of nuclear power for large air cushion vehicles. The paper also summarizes the technology studies on mobile nuclear powerplants and conceptual ACV systems/missions studies that have been performed at NASA Lewis Research Center.

Anderson, J. L.

1973-01-01

134

Nuclear power browning out  

SciTech Connect

When the sad history of nuclear power is written, April 26, 1986, will be recorded as the day the dream died. The explosion at the Chernobyl plant was a terrible human tragedy- and it delivered a stark verdict on the hope that nuclear power will one day replace fossil fuel-based energy systems. Nuclear advocates may soldier on, but a decade after Chernobyl it is clear that nuclear power is no longer a viable energy option for the twenty-first century.

Flavin, C.; Lenssen, N.

1996-05-01

135

Nuclear Physics with trapped  

E-print Network

Nuclear Physics with trapped atoms and ions #12;2/2/2013Dan Melconian #12;2/2/2013Dan Melconian Outline · Scope and applications of nuclear physics precision frontier compliments LHC properties and aquifers in the Sahara #12;2/2/2013Dan Melconian What is Nuclear Physics? · Began with the study

Boas, Harold P.

136

Effects of nuclear war  

SciTech Connect

The author reviews the subject rising the following topics and subtopics: I. Nuclear explosions: heat, nuclear radiation, and radioactive fallout; II. Effects: radiation sickness, burns, blast injuries, and equivalent areas of death; III. Nuclear war: battlefield, regional, intercontinental - counterforce, and intercontinental - counter-city and industry. There are two appendices. 34 references, 32 figures.

von Hippel, F.

1983-01-01

137

NUCLEAR POWER in CALIFORNIA  

E-print Network

NUCLEAR POWER in CALIFORNIA: 2007 STATUS REPORT CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION October 2007 CEC-100 public workshops on nuclear power. The Integrated Energy Policy Report Committee, led by Commissioners, California Contract No. 700-05-002 Prepared For: California Energy Commission Barbara Byron, Senior Nuclear

138

The Tokaimura Nuclear Accident  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The 1999 accident at the Tokaimura nuclear fuel processing plant near Tokyo is the context for a student discussion on nuclear power and the consequences of a nuclear accident. The case covers issues ranging from chemical process safety to risk management

Ryan, Michael E.

2001-09-01

139

World nuclear energy paths  

Microsoft Academic Search

In examing the world nuclear energy paths, the following assumptions were adopted: the world economy will grow somewhat more slowly than in the past, leading to reductions in electricity demand growth rates; national and international political impediments to the deployment of nuclear power will gradually disappear over the next few years; further development of nuclear power will proceed steadily, without

T. J. Connolly; U. Hansen; W. Jaek; K. H. Beckurts

1979-01-01

140

Space nuclear power  

SciTech Connect

This volume considers the major aspects of space nuclear power. It includes treatments of radioactivity, radiation interaction with matter, nuclear reactor principles, thermodynamic power conversion systems, and heat transfer and heat rejection systems. Applications of nuclear energy in space are introduced in the context of man's space exploits.

Angelo, J. Jr.; Buden, D.

1985-01-01

141

Nuclear energy technology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An overview of space nuclear energy technologies is presented. The development and characteristics of radioisotope thermoelectric generators (RTG's) and space nuclear power reactors are discussed. In addition, the policy and issues related to public safety and the use of nuclear power sources in space are addressed.

Buden, David

1992-01-01

142

Reducing nuclear danger  

Microsoft Academic Search

The time is ripe for a global program to reduce existing nuclear arsenals and prevent their further proliferation. The immediate tasks are to execute agreed-upon bilateral reductions in US and Russian forces, assure that Russia remains the only nuclear weapon state of the old Soviet Union, and strengthen the international effort against the spread of nuclear weapons by tougher monitoring.

M. Bundy; W. J. Jr. Crowe; S. Drell

2009-01-01

143

Nuclear power - some facts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Large-scale implementation of nuclear power cannot be the solution to the future energy and climate problems of the world. Costs, constraints on uranium supply and technological shortcoming, well known to the nuclear industry, undermine the case for a nuclear future. There are better and cheaper alternatives, starting with more efficient energy use, wind power and biomass. Some facts, technical dreams

Jan Willem; Storm van Leeuwen; Ceedata Consultancy

144

Effects of Nuclear Weapons.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fundamental principles governing nuclear explosions and their effects are discussed, including three components of a nuclear explosion (thermal radiation, shock wave, nuclear radiation). Describes how effects of these components depend on the weapon's yield, its height of burst, and distance of detonation point. Includes effects of three…

Sartori, Leo

1983-01-01

145

Basic Nuclear Physics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Basic concepts of nuclear structures, radiation, nuclear reactions, and health physics are presented in this text, prepared for naval officers. Applications to the area of nuclear power are described in connection with pressurized water reactors, experimental boiling water reactors, homogeneous reactor experiments, and experimental breeder…

Bureau of Naval Personnel, Washington, DC.

146

Nuclear data online  

SciTech Connect

The National Nuclear Data Center (NNDC) Online Data Service, available since 1986, is continually being upgraded and expanded. Most files are now available for access through the World Wide Web. Bibliographic, experimental, and evaluated data files are available containing information no neutron, charged-particle, and photon-induced nuclear reaction data, as well as nuclear decay and nuclear structure information. An effort is being made through the world-wide Nuclear Reaction Data Centers collaboration to make the charged-particle reaction data libraries as complete as possible. The data may be downloaded or viewed both as plots or as tabulated data. A variety of output formats are available for most files.

McLane, V.

1997-12-31

147

Nuclear spirals in galaxies  

E-print Network

Recent high-resolution observations indicate that nuclear spirals are often present in the innermost few hundred parsecs of disc galaxies. My models show that nuclear spirals form naturally as a gas response to non-axisymmetry in the gravitational potential. Some nuclear spirals take the form of spiral shocks, resulting in streaming motions in the gas, and in inflow comparable to the accretion rates needed to power local Active Galactic Nuclei. Recently streaming motions of amplitude expected from the models have been observed in nuclear spirals, confirming the role of nuclear spirals in feeding of the central massive black holes.

Witold Maciejewski

2006-11-08

148

Commercial nuclear power 1990  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the status at the end of 1989 and the outlook for commercial nuclear capacity and generation for all countries in the world with free market economies (FME). The report provides documentation of the US nuclear capacity and generation projections through 2030. The long-term projections of US nuclear capacity and generation are provided to the US Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) for use in estimating nuclear waste fund revenues and to aid in planning the disposal of nuclear waste. These projections also support the Energy Information Administration's annual report, Domestic Uranium Mining and Milling Industry: Viability Assessment, and are provided to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. The foreign nuclear capacity projections are used by the DOE uranium enrichment program in assessing potential markets for future enrichment contracts. The two major sections of this report discuss US and foreign commercial nuclear power. The US section (Chapters 2 and 3) deals with (1) the status of nuclear power as of the end of 1989; (2) projections of nuclear capacity and generation at 5-year intervals from 1990 through 2030; and (3) a discussion of institutional and technical issues that affect nuclear power. The nuclear capacity projections are discussed in terms of two projection periods: the intermediate term through 2010 and the long term through 2030. A No New Orders case is presented for each of the projection periods, as well as Lower Reference and Upper Reference cases. 5 figs., 30 tabs.

Not Available

1990-09-28

149

Overview of nuclear data  

SciTech Connect

For many years, nuclear structure and decay data have been compiled and disseminated by an International Network of Nuclear Structure and Decay Data (NSDD) evaluators under the auspices of the International Nuclear Data Committee (INDC) of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). In this lecture I will discuss the kinds of data that are available and describe various ways to obtain this information. We will learn about some of the publications that are available and Internet sources of nuclear data. You will be introduced to Isotope Explorer software for retrieving and displaying nuclear structure and radioactive decay data. The on-line resources Table of Radioactive Isotopes, PGAA Database Viewer, Nuclear Science Reference Search, Table of Isotopes Educational Website, and other information sources will be discussed. Exercises will be provided to increase your ability to understand, access, and use nuclear data.

Firestone, R.B.

2003-06-30

150

Radiological effluents released from nuclear rocket and ramjet engine tests at the Nevada Test Site 1959 through 1969: Fact Book  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear rocket and ramjet engine tests were conducted on the Nevada Test Site (NTS) in Area 25 and Area 26, about 80 miles northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada, from July 1959 through September 1969. This document presents a brief history of the nuclear rocket engine tests, information on the off-site radiological monitoring, and descriptions of the tests.

Friesen, H.N.

1995-06-01

151

Nuclear Reactor Physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An authoritative textbook and up-to-date professional's guide to basic and advanced principles and practices Nuclear reactors now account for a significant portion of the electrical power generated worldwide. At the same time, the past few decades have seen an ever-increasing number of industrial, medical, military, and research applications for nuclear reactors. Nuclear reactor physics is the core discipline of nuclear engineering, and as the first comprehensive textbook and reference on basic and advanced nuclear reactor physics to appear in a quarter century, this book fills a large gap in the professional literature. Nuclear Reactor Physics is a textbook for students new to the subject, for others who need a basic understanding of how nuclear reactors work, as well as for those who are, or wish to become, specialists in nuclear reactor physics and reactor physics computations. It is also a valuable resource for engineers responsible for the operation of nuclear reactors. Dr. Weston Stacey begins with clear presentations of the basic physical principles, nuclear data, and computational methodology needed to understand both the static and dynamic behaviors of nuclear reactors. This is followed by in-depth discussions of advanced concepts, including extensive treatment of neutron transport computational methods. As an aid to comprehension and quick mastery of computational skills, he provides numerous examples illustrating step-by-step procedures for performing the calculations described and chapter-end problems. Nuclear Reactor Physics is a useful textbook and working reference. It is an excellent self-teaching guide for research scientists, engineers, and technicians involved in industrial, research, and military applications of nuclear reactors, as well as government regulators who wish to increase their understanding of nuclear reactors.

Stacey, Weston M.

2001-02-01

152

US Nuclear Regulatory Commission's Nuclear Plant Analyzer  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Nuclear Plant Analyzer (NPA) is a state-of-the-art safety analysis and engineering tool being used to address key nuclear safety issues. The NPA integrates the NRC's computerized reactor behavior simulation codes such as RELAP5, TRAC-BWR, and TRAC-PWR, with well-developed color graphics programs and large repositories of reactor design and experimental data. The NPA became operational in late 1983 at the

E. T. Laats; R. J. Beelman

1986-01-01

153

Advanced Airborne CO2 LAS System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A unique airborne Laser Absorption Spectroscopy (LAS) system has been developed by ITT Space Systems, LLC to address the needs of the National Research Council Decadal Survey Tier 2 mission for Active Sensing of CO2 Emissions over Nights, Days and Seasons (ASCENDS). This instrument has undergone multiple airborne field tests in cooperation with our partners at NASA Langley Research Center (LaRC). The instrument was built largely with off-the-shelf components and uses high reliability telecom components, including lasers, modulators and fiber amplifiers as the transmitter. Multiple wavelengths are transmitted simultaneously from a single collimator and the return signal is collected by a simple 8” telescope that is fiber coupled to a HgCdTe APD. The analog signal is sampled with a high resolution scope card housed in a National Instruments PXI chassis and the digitized signal is then passed through our custom-built software-based lock-in processing system which allows separation of the signals from the individual wavelengths. The separated signals are then used in the standard Differential Absorption Lidar (DIAL) relations to determine the integrated column differential optical depth. This presentation will give a detailed overview of this multi-frequency, single-beam, synchronous lock-in LAS instrument including the basic methodology of the measurement. Recent improvements in the lock-in methodology designed to eliminate the effects of multi- path fading and frequency dependence of the electronic components will also be discussed.

Dobler, J. T.; Braun, M. G.; McGregor, D. P.; Erxleben, W. H.; Browell, E. V.; Harrison, F. W.

2009-12-01

154

University Libraries University of Nevada, Las Vegas University of Nevada, Las Vegas  

E-print Network

tremendously over the past decade. These changes, which center on the assumption of unprecedented levels with the Media In November, Center Director David G. Schwartz spoke with approximately 44 print, online, radio, and television media contacts. Several events in Las Vegas, including the renaming of the Hilton, were newsworthy

Hemmers, Oliver

155

LAS ILUSTRACIONES EN LA ENSEÑANZA-APRENDIZAJE DE LAS CIENCIAS. ANÁLISIS DE LIBROS DE TEXTO  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumen. Este trabajo centra su atención en la importancia que poseen las ilustraciones que utilizan los libros de texto de ciencias para la comprensión de su contenido. Para ello se parte de una fundamentación teórica en cuanto a los requisitos que deberían cumplir aquéllas para favorecer su adecuado procesamiento, así como la diferente morfología que suelen presentar en los libros

F. JAVIER; JUAN DE DIOS

2002-01-01

156

Nuclear: Greenpeace International  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For an anti-nuclear perspective, look no further than Greenpeace. The venerable environmental organization, now in its 43rd year, seeks to âÂÂend the nuclear ageâ because it believes nuclear power âÂÂis an unacceptable risk to the environment and to humanity.â Each of the links offers informative â and opinionated â arguments against the proliferation of nuclear power. Start with the siteâÂÂs gloss of the Fukushima Disaster, where you will find Fact Sheets, Publications, and Downloads related to the March 2011 meltdown. Next, peruse the Safety page with links to Nuclear Terrorism, Accidents, Reactors, and Radiation. Nuclear Waste is up next, where you can learn about Reprocessing, Storage, Transport, and Russia. Finally, read about Proliferation, with links to Plutonium and Dirty Bombs.

157

Plant nuclear photorelocation movement.  

PubMed

Organelle movement and positioning are essential for proper cellular function. A nucleus moves dynamically during cell division and differentiation and in response to environmental changes in animal, fungal, and plant cells. Nuclear movement is well-studied and the mechanisms have been mostly elucidated in animal and fungal cells, but not in plant cells. In prothallial cells of the fern Adiantum capillus-veneris and leaf cells of the flowering plant Arabidopsis thaliana, light induces nuclear movement and nuclei change their position according to wavelength, intensity, and direction of light. This nuclear photorelocation movement shows some common features with the photorelocation movement of chloroplasts, which is one of the best-characterized plant organelle movements. This review summarizes nuclear movement and positioning in plant cells, especially plant-specific nuclear photorelocation movement and discusses the relationship between nuclear photorelocation movement and chloroplast photorelocation movement. PMID:24336444

Higa, Takeshi; Suetsugu, Noriyuki; Wada, Masamitsu

2014-06-01

158

Las pequeñas y medianas empresas exportadoras mexicanas ante los mercados exteriores  

Microsoft Academic Search

Las pequeñas y medianas empresas acceden mayoritariamente a los mer- cados internacionales a través de la exportación. Las características nacio- nales de los países ejercen una influencia importante en la predisposición de las Pymes hacia la internacionalización. Por otro lado, las propias caracte- rísticas de las empresas, sus recursos y capacidades condicionan también las actitudes de las empresas hacia la

Claudia Ramírez Carranza; Enrique Ortega Martínez

159

Ongoing Space Nuclear Activities  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Most ongoing US activities related to space nuclear power and propulsion are sponsored by NASA. NASA-spons0red space nuclear work is currently focused on evaluating potential fission surface power (FSP) systems and on radioisotope power systems (RPS). In addition, significant efforts related to nuclear thermal propulsion (NTP) systems have been completed and will provide a starting point for potential future NTP work.

Houts, Michael G.

2007-01-01

160

Nuclear imaging in pediatrics  

SciTech Connect

The author's intent is to familiarize practicing radiologists with the technical aspects and interpretation of nuclear medicine procedures in children and to illustrate the indications for nuclear medicine procedures in pediatric problems. Pediatric doses, dosimetry, sedation, and injection techniques, organ systems, oncology and infection, testicular scanning and nuclear crystography, pediatric endocrine and skeletal systems, ventilation and perfusion imaging of both congenital and acquired pediatric disorders, cardiovascular problems, gastrointestinal, hepatobiliary, reticuloendothelial studies, and central nervous system are all topics which are included and discussed.

Siddiqui, A.R.

1985-01-01

161

Nuclear Fabrication Consortium  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the activities undertaken by EWI while under contract from the Department of Energy (DOE) � Office of Nuclear Energy (NE) for the management and operation of the Nuclear Fabrication Consortium (NFC). The NFC was established by EWI to independently develop, evaluate, and deploy fabrication approaches and data that support the re-establishment of the U.S. nuclear industry: ensuring that the supply chain will be competitive on a global stage, enabling more cost-effective and reliable nuclear power in a carbon constrained environment. The NFC provided a forum for member original equipment manufactures (OEM), fabricators, manufacturers, and materials suppliers to effectively engage with each other and rebuild the capacity of this supply chain by : � Identifying and removing impediments to the implementation of new construction and fabrication techniques and approaches for nuclear equipment, including system components and nuclear plants. � Providing and facilitating detailed scientific-based studies on new approaches and technologies that will have positive impacts on the cost of building of nuclear plants. � Analyzing and disseminating information about future nuclear fabrication technologies and how they could impact the North American and the International Nuclear Marketplace. � Facilitating dialog and initiate alignment among fabricators, owners, trade associations, and government agencies. � Supporting industry in helping to create a larger qualified nuclear supplier network. � Acting as an unbiased technology resource to evaluate, develop, and demonstrate new manufacturing technologies. � Creating welder and inspector training programs to help enable the necessary workforce for the upcoming construction work. � Serving as a focal point for technology, policy, and politically interested parties to share ideas and concepts associated with fabrication across the nuclear industry. The report the objectives and summaries of the Nuclear Fabrication Consortium projects. Full technical reports for each of the projects have been submitted as well.

Levesque, Stephen

2013-04-05

162

Absolute nuclear material assay  

DOEpatents

A method of absolute nuclear material assay of an unknown source comprising counting neutrons from the unknown source and providing an absolute nuclear material assay utilizing a model to optimally compare to the measured count distributions. In one embodiment, the step of providing an absolute nuclear material assay comprises utilizing a random sampling of analytically computed fission chain distributions to generate a continuous time-evolving sequence of event-counts by spreading the fission chain distribution in time.

Prasad, Manoj K. (Pleasanton, CA); Snyderman, Neal J. (Berkeley, CA); Rowland, Mark S. (Alamo, CA)

2012-05-15

163

The Plant Nuclear Envelope  

Microsoft Academic Search

The nuclear envelope is an important but poorly studied dynamic membrane system in plants. In particular, surprisingly little\\u000a is known about the proteins of the higher plant nuclear envelope and their interactions. While structurally similar to the\\u000a nuclear envelope of other kingdoms, unique properties suggest significant differences. For instance, plants lack sequence\\u000a homologues of the lamins and instead of centrosomes

David E. Evans; Sarah L. Irons Katja Graumann; John Runions

164

Challenge of nuclear data for innovative nuclear energy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article devoted to assessment of present-day demand to nuclear data for transmutation problem, including the discussion of required accuracies, status and perspectives of nuclear data evaluation and development of nuclear models. The effect of nuclear data uncertainties on radiation damage of structural materials is discussed. An analysis of ISTC projects related to nuclear data measurement and evaluation is presented.

V. Artisyuk; C. Broeders; E. Gonzalez-Romero; W. Gudowski; A. Ignatyuk; A. Konobeyev; Yu Korovin; G. Pilnov; A. Stankovskiy; Yu Titarenko

2008-01-01

165

International Nuclear Safety Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Nuclear Safety Program (INSP) has updated their map collection in the areas of Soviet designed reactors distributed throughout Eastern Europe and of Ukrainian nuclear power reactors. Information about each reactor is available by clicking on the maps. In addition to the maps, the digital library contains photos, graphics, presentations, and an online database of INSP related reports and information. The site also provides information about Soviet designed reactors and initiatives being undertaken by the US Department of Energy to improve conditions at the Chornobyl nuclear power plant. INSP is part of the US Department of Energy's Office of Nuclear Energy, Science, and Technology.

166

Technologists for Nuclear Medicine  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Physicians need support personnel for work with radioisotopes in diagnosing dangerous diseases. The Nuclear Medicine Technology (NMT) Program at Hillsborough Community College in Tampa, Florida, is described. (MW)

Barnett, Huey D.

1974-01-01

167

Comprehensive Nuclear Materials  

SciTech Connect

This book encompasses a rich seam of current information on the vast and multidisciplinary field of nuclear materials employed in fission and prototype fusion systems. Discussion includes both historical and contemporary international research in nuclear materials, from Actinides to Zirconium alloys, from the worlds leading scientists and engineers. Synthesizes pertinent current science to support the selection, assessment, validation and engineering of materials in extreme nuclear environments. The work discusses the major classes of materials suitable for usage in nuclear fission, fusion reactors and high power accelerators, and for diverse functions in fuels, cladding, moderator and control materials, structural, functional, and waste materials.

Konings, Dr. Rudy J. M. [European Commission Joint Research Centre; Allen, Todd R. [University of Wisconsin, Madison; Stoller, Roger E [ORNL; Yamanaka, Prof. Shinsuke [Osaka University

2012-01-01

168

Las Vegas Basin Seismic Response Project: Preliminary Results From Seismic Refraction Experiments, Las Vegas, NV.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In May and September 2002, seismic refraction data were acquired in the Las Vegas basin. Located in the southern Basin and Range province, the cities of Las Vegas, North Las Vegas, and Henderson sit atop a fault-bounded basin with a depth of up to 5 km and basin dimensions of roughly 60 km wide (east-west) by 50 km in length (north-south). Previous isostatic gravity, seismic reflection, and aeromagnetic studies indicate that a series of sub-basins exist beneath the unconsolidated basin fill, with the deepest sub-basin occurring 5 km west of the fault block bounding the eastern edge of the basin (Frenchman Mountain). The basin is significantly deeper along its northern extremity, following the path of the fault block bounding the northern edge of the basin (Las Vegas Valley Shear Zone), and along the western edge of Frenchman Mountain. Recent, paleoseismic studies have indicated that faults in the Las Vegas region have the potential for an earthquake of M6.5 to 7.0. It is estimated that a M6.9 earthquake in the basin could produce about 11 billion dollars in damage and a significant number of deaths and/or injuries. In addition, an equivalent or larger event in the Death Valley fault zone, 150 km distance, would also be devastating to the metropolitan area of approximately 1.5 million residents. Therefore, it is essential to understand the seismic hazard posed to the Las Vegas region. This project is part of a larger collaborative effort to characterize the basin and its response to ground shaking. The University of Nevada, Las Vegas with assistance from the University of Texas at El Paso, students from UNLV and UTEP, volunteers from the community and several students from Centennial High school deployed 432 portable seismic recorders ("Texans") throughout the valley. Shot point locations were located at three quarries in the valley, one to the north, one to the east and one to the southwest. The profiles cross the Las Vegas Valley Shear zone as well as a prominent NW/SE trending step in the basin floor across which the basement drops from 2 to 4 km in depth. In addition, the profiles cross several Quaternary fault scarps, which have recently been identified as tectonic in origin. Preliminary analyses of the seismic refraction data indicate that the basin has an average P-wave velocity of 4.5 km/s and is in agreement with the estimated basin depths from isostatic gravity studies (2 to 5 km depth). Both tomographic inversion and forward modeling techniques are being used to analyze these data. These data will be used to produce a velocity model of the basin and image the basin/bedrock contact. In addition, these data will be integrated into a community model, which is being produced by the Las Vegas Basin Seismic Response working group to further assess the site response of the basin.

Zaragoza, S. A.; Snelson, C. M.; Harder, S. H.; Kaip, G.; Luke, B.; Buck, B. J.; Hanson, A. D.

2002-12-01

169

Nuclear fuel cycle information workshop  

SciTech Connect

This overview of the nuclear fuel cycle is divided into three parts. First, is a brief discussion of the basic principles of how nuclear reactors work; second, is a look at the major types of nuclear reactors being used and world-wide nuclear capacity; and third, is an overview of the nuclear fuel cycle and the present industrial capability in the US.

Not Available

1983-01-01

170

Sweden's abortive nuclear weapons project  

Microsoft Academic Search

The possibility of developing a nuclear weapons potential under the cover of a civilian nuclear power program was illustrated by Sweden between the early 1950s and 1968. Indeed, this case shows that the development and use of nuclear power and the nuclear weapons proliferation problem are inextricably linked. Although Sweden's nuclear weapons option was officially closed in 1968, when the

Johansson

1986-01-01

171

Gordon Conference on Nuclear Research  

SciTech Connect

Session topics were: quarks and nuclear physics; anomalons and anti-protons; the independent particle structure of nuclei; relativistic descriptions of nuclear structure and scattering; nuclear structure at high excitation; advances in nuclear astrophysics; properties of nuclear material; the earliest moments of the universe; and pions and spin excitations in nuclei.

Austin, S.M.

1983-09-01

172

Generation IV Nuclear Energy Systems ...  

E-print Network

Generation IV Nuclear Energy Systems ... The U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Nuclear Energy enhance safety and security, and develop nuclear power as an energy source for industrial applications Information ... U.S. Department of Energy www.energy.gov DOE Office of Nuclear Energy www.nuclear

Kemner, Ken

173

Nuclear information services at the National Nuclear Data Center  

SciTech Connect

The numeric and bibliographic nuclear data bases maintained by the National Nuclear Data Center and access to these data bases will be described. The U.S. Nuclear Data and Reaction Data Networks will also be briefly described.

Burrows, T.W.; Tuli, J.K.

1996-10-01

174

Finding Nuclear Data: The National Nuclear Data Center.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Nuclear reaction cross-sections and nuclear structure properties are useful for material analysis applications. The nuclear data requirements for material analysis overlap with the data requirements for other research fields, e.g., fission and fusion reac...

S. Pearlstein

1989-01-01

175

PROPERTIES OF NUCLEAR MATTER  

Microsoft Academic Search

An account is given of recent theories by Brueckner, Eden, Swiatecki, ; Bethe, and co-workers about the properties of nuclear matter, which is identical ; in content, but different in its method of presentation. This presentation tries ; to clarify the reasons for the applicability of the independent-particle model ; and to determine what particular features of the nuclear forces

Weisskopf; J. D. Walecka; V. F. Weisskopf

1958-01-01

176

Nuclear Medicine CT Angiography  

E-print Network

rotation is based at the Palo Alto VA Medical Center and gives the cardiology fellow experience. Understand the indications for exercise treadmill testing and specific nuclear cardiology tests, safe use patient and learn the importance of physical and pharmacologic stress in nuclear cardiology 3. Interpret

Ford, James

177

Managing the nuclear utility  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Florida Power and Light Company (FP and L) is the fifth largest investor-owned utility in the country. The success of nuclear power generation at the St. Lucie Units 1 and 2 and Turkey Point Units 3 and 4 has resulted from a continuing management commitment to the nuclear program. The management of the power plants rely strongly on teamwork

J. W. Jr

1985-01-01

178

Under the Nuclear Umbrella.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Entertains the thesis that social work has a stake in the technological-humanistic debate and should greet the recent and spectacular technological failures with protest and alarm. Discusses relationship of nuclear issue and social work, effects of nuclear issue on children, and Chernobyl. Advocates pacifism, activism, and a coherent conception of…

Williams, Leon F.

1987-01-01

179

Radionuclides and Nuclear Waste  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource is a 9-page PDF document that is part of an environmental geochemistry course taught by Dr. David Sherman at the University of Bristol. Topics covered include uranium, strontium, radon, and cesium geochemistry, radioactive decay, sources and uses of nuclear fuel, actinide geochemistry, and the composition of and problems associated with nuclear waste. Informative diagrams accompany the text.

Sherman, David M.; Bristol, University O.

180

Nucleation of Nuclear Bodies  

PubMed Central

The nucleus is a complex organelle containing numerous highly dynamic, structurally stable domains and bodies, harboring functions that have only begun to be defined. However, the molecular mechanisms for their formation are still poorly understood. Recently it has been shown that a nuclear body can form de novo by self-organization. But little is known regarding what triggers the formation of a nuclear body and how subsequent assembly steps are orchestrated. Nuclear bodies are frequently associated with specific active gene loci that directly contribute to their formation. Both coding and noncoding RNAs can initiate the assembly of nuclear bodies with which they are physiologically associated. Thus, the formation of nuclear bodies occurs via recruitment and consequent accumulation of resident proteins in the nuclear bodies by nucleating RNA acting as a seeder. In this chapter I describe how to set up an experimental cell system to probe de novo biogenesis of a nuclear body by nucleating RNA and nuclear body components tethered on chromatin. PMID:23980018

Dundr, Miroslav

2014-01-01

181

Physics of Nuclear Antishadowing  

E-print Network

Shadowing and antishadowing of the electromagnetic nuclear structure functions are produced by the coherence of multiscattering quark nuclear processes. This picture leads to substantially different antishadowing for charged and neutral current processes, particularly in anti-neutrino reactions, thus affecting the extraction of the weak-mixing angle $\\sin^2\\theta_W$.

Ivan Schmidt

2005-11-14

182

Nonstrategic Nuclear Weapons.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

During the Cold War, nuclear weapons were central to the U.S. strategy of deterring Soviet aggression against the United States and U.S. allies. Towards this end, the United States deployed a wide variety of systems that could carry nuclear warheads. Thes...

A. F. Woolf

2004-01-01

183

Talk About Nuclear Power  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an overview of the relation of nuclear power to human health and the environment, and discusses the advantages and disadvantages of nuclear power as an energy source urging technical educators to inculcate an awareness of the problems associated with the production of energy. Describes the fission reaction process, the hazards of…

Tremlett, Lewis

1976-01-01

184

Nuclear Power Plant Technician  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author recognizes a body of basic knowledge in nuclear power plant technoogy that can be taught in school programs, and lists the various courses, aiming to fill the anticipated need for nuclear-trained manpower--persons holding an associate degree in engineering technology. (Author/BP)

Randall, George A.

1975-01-01

185

Nuclear Power Plants. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is one of a series of information booklets for the general public published by the United States Atomic Energy Commission. Among the topics discussed are: Why Use Nuclear Power?; From Atoms to Electricity; Reactor Types; Typical Plant Design Features; The Cost of Nuclear Power; Plants in the United States; Developments in Foreign…

Lyerly, Ray L.; Mitchell, Walter, III

186

Nuclear-Powered Debate.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an exercise to develop interest and understanding about nuclear energy in which students make presentations regarding a proposal to build a hypothetical nuclear power plant. Students spend two weeks researching the topic; give testimony before a "Senate Energy Committee"; and vote on the proposal. Background information is provided. (MDH)

Arce, Gary

1992-01-01

187

Nuclear power plant  

Microsoft Academic Search

A nuclear power plant is disclosed with a reactor building, a fuel building, buildings for the ancillary nuclear, electrical and safety equipment, and a building for turbo-electric machines. The group of buildings is in the general shape of a T, with the fuel and ancillary equipment buildings in line at both sides of the reactor building, and the engine building

Magnin

1983-01-01

188

Nuclear Age Education Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary goal of the Oregon nuclear age education curriculum is to develop in students the knowledge and skills needed to meet the challenges of living in a nuclear age. This curriculum is developed around five general themes, each corresponding to a specific unit. The general goals for the units are: (Unit 1) to increase students' exposure to…

Oregon State Dept. of Education, Salem.

189

Whither Nuclear Physics ?  

E-print Network

Nuclear Physics has had its ups and downs. However in recent years, bucked up by some new and often puzzling data, it has become a potentially very rich field. We review some of these exciting developments in a few important sectors of nuclear physics. Emphasis shall be on the study of exotic nuclei and the new physics that these nuclei are teaching us.

Syed Afsar Abbas

2008-01-07

190

Why Go Nuclear?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much has been made of the global expansion of nuclear power. While experts discuss the pros and cons, countries are moving forward with their plans to build new plants. Of all the energy technologies available, why nuclear?Perspectives from the United Arab Emirates, Jordan, Egypt and Thailand

Abdullah bin Zayed Al Nahyan; Kamal J. Araj; Nabil Fahmy; Somporn Chongkum

2008-01-01

191

Nuclear Arms Control Treaties  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This section contains summaries of all the major arms-control treaties including: Limited Test Ban Treaty, Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty I (Interim Agreement), Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty, Threshold Test Ban Treaty, Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty - INF, Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty, Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty and Strategic Offensive Reductions Treaty.

Griffith, Christopher

192

What Is Nuclear Medicine?  

MedlinePLUS

... Normal Enzyme Level Smoker Reduced Enzyme Level 5 Nuclear medicine can detect the radiation coming from inside a patient’s body. All of ... from outside the body using machines that send radiation through the body. As a result, nuclear medicine determines the cause of a medical problem ...

193

Destination: inner nuclear membrane.  

PubMed

The inner nuclear membrane (INM) of eukaryotic cells is enriched in proteins that are required for nuclear structure, chromosome organization, DNA repair, and transcriptional control. Mislocalization of INM proteins is observed in a wide spectrum of human diseases; however, the mechanism by which INM proteins reach their final destination is poorly understood. In this review we discuss how investigating INM composition, dissecting targeting pathways of conserved INM proteins in multiple systems and analyzing the nuclear transport of viruses and signaling complexes have broadened our knowledge of INM transport to include both nuclear pore complex-dependent and -independent pathways. The study of these INM targeting pathways is important to understanding nuclear organization and in both normal and diseased cells. PMID:24268652

Katta, Santharam S; Smoyer, Christine J; Jaspersen, Sue L

2014-04-01

194

OECD Nuclear Energy Agency  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based in Paris, the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) is a specialized agency within the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) whose mission is to assist its member countries in "maintaining and further developing, through international co-operation, the scientific, technological and legal bases required for the safe, environmentally friendly and economical use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes." At the site, visitors can download various policy papers, obtain basic facts about nuclear power and development in the member countries, and read the latest press releases from the NEA. The homepage also serves as a basic introduction to the current activities of the organization, such as the upcoming International Youth Nuclear Congress, its work on nuclear legislation in Eastern Europe, and its latest reports on such timely topics as the regulatory control of radioactive waste management. Visitors may also opt to sign up to receive the latest publications and newsletters from the NEA electronically on this site.

195

Managing nuclear accidents  

SciTech Connect

An accident at a nuclear power plant can pose a serious threat to surrounding populations. If people and their government are poorly prepared, as was the case at Windscale, England in 1957, Three Mile Island (TMI) in the United States in 1979, and Chernobyl in the Soviet Union in 1986, substantial exposure to radiation could occur. Much has been done since the 1979 TMI accident to prepare for a future accident in the United States. The federal government now requires approved emergency plans for all nuclear plants and has established minimum specifications for such plans. This paper reports that major questions remain regarding the effectiveness of these plans in an actual nuclear accident, although they have performed well in non-nuclear incidents. Because serious nuclear accidents occur only very infrequently, the plans have not been tested in real circumstances.

Golding, D.; Kasperson, J.X.; Kasperson, R.E.; Goble, R.; Seley, J.E.; Thompson, G.; Wolf, C.P.

1992-01-01

196

The nuclear dynamo; Can a nuclear tornado annihilate nations  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports on the development of the hypothesis of a nuclear dynamo for a controlled nuclear fusion reactor. This dynamo hypothesis suggests properties for a nuclear tornado that could annihilate nations if accidentally triggered by a single high yield to weight nuclear weapon detonation. The formerly classified reports on ignition of the atmosphere, the properties of a nuclear dynamo, methods to achieve a nuclear dynamo in the laboratory, and the analogy of a nuclear dynamo to a nuclear tornado are discussed. An unclassified international study of this question is urged.

McNally, J.R. Jr.

1991-01-01

197

Historical civilian nuclear accident based nuclear reactor condition analyzer.  

E-print Network

??There are significant challenges to successfully monitoring multiple processeswithin a nuclear reactor facility. The evidence for this observation can be seen in thehistorical civilian nuclear… (more)

McCoy, Kaylyn Marie

2014-01-01

198

Las Nuevas Tecnologas de Vehculos Diesel (y sus  

E-print Network

Las Nuevas Tecnologías de Vehículos Diesel (y sus emisiones) Arón Jazcilevich Con la colaboración El 36% de las PM2.5 es emitido por los vehículos a diesel (autobuses y tractocamiones). ahora se consideran las emisiones de Diesel como causantes de cáncer de pulmón (Silverman, et al, 2011). #12;Emisiones

Grutter, Michel

199

THz Dynamic Nuclear Polarization NMR  

E-print Network

Dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) increases the sensitivity of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy by using high frequency microwaves to transfer the polarization of the electrons to the nuclear spins. The ...

Nanni, Emilio Alessandro

200

Supporting Our Nation's Nuclear Industry  

SciTech Connect

On the 60th anniversary of the world's first nuclear power plant to produce electricity, Assistant Secretary for Nuclear Energy Peter Lyons discusses the Energy Department's and the Administration's commitment to promoting a nuclear renaissance in the United States.

Lyons, Peter

2011-01-01

201

Radiological Effects of Nuclear War.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Described are the global effects of nuclear war. Discussed are radiation dosages, limited nuclear attacks, strategic arms reductions, and other results reported at the workshop on nuclear war issues in Moscow in March 1988. (CW)

Shapiro, Charles S.

1988-01-01

202

Nuclear fission sustainability with hybrid nuclear cycles  

Microsoft Academic Search

An analysis is presented on the main requirements to develop nuclear fission in the context of social, economic and environmental sustainability. This analysis is mainly focused on maximizing the energy actually generated from the potential contents of fissionable natural resources. The role of fertile to fissile breeding is highlighted, as well as the need of attaining a very high safety

José M. Martínez-Val; Mireia Piera

2007-01-01

203

Nuclear modeling techniques and nuclear data  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current state-of-particle transport computer codes and associated nuclear data bases permit the accurate simulation of downhole sensor packages. Mathematical modeling can minimize design and experiment time, as well as provide new information on sensor design, environmental effects, and interpretation questions. Monte Carlo techniques can provide energy, time, and spatial information to permit signal partitioning and sensitivity analysis in complex

P. D. Soran

1988-01-01

204

Nuclear Bag Model and Nuclear Magnetic Moments  

E-print Network

In 1991, we proposed a model in which nucleus is treated as a spherical symmetric MIT bag and nucleon satisfies the MIT bag model boundary condition. The model was employed to calculate nuclear magnetic moments. The results are in good agreement with experiment data. Now, we found this model is still interesting and illuminating.

Liang-gang Liu

1999-03-31

205

Nuclear Powerplant Safety: Source Terms. Nuclear Energy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There has been increased public interest in the potential effects of nuclear powerplant accidents since the Soviet reactor accident at Chernobyl. People have begun to look for more information about the amount of radioactivity that might be released into the environment as a result of such an accident. When this issue is discussed by people…

Department of Energy, Washington, DC. Nuclear Energy Office.

206

Nuclear excitation and precompound nuclear reactions  

SciTech Connect

The angular distribution of nucleons emitted in nucleon-induced precompound nuclear reactions are calculated taking into account the effect of excitation on the kinematics of nucleon-nucleon scattering inside the target-plus-projectile system. The results are compared with quantum mechanical calculations and those of reaction models based on a pure nucleon-nucleon collision picture.

De, A.; Ray, S.; Ghosh, S.K.

1988-06-01

207

Using Nuclear Materials To Prevent Nuclear Proliferation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Efforts to halt proliferation of nuclear weapons are threatened by vulnerability of weapons?usable material to smuggling especially in Russia. Mixing U into highly?enriched uranium (HEU) makes it readily observable and harder to steal. Adding a proportion of U associated with a specific storage site enables attribution to be performed on stolen HEU that has been recovered. Incorporating Pu into plutonium

G. P. Gilfoyle; J. A. Parmentola

2001-01-01

208

Study of Nuclear Physics for Nuclear Fusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on the concept of “damp matching” [1] and the famous d + t fusion data, a conventional quantum mechanics calculation shows that the plasma fusion, muon-catalyzed fusion, and the low-energy nuclear reaction are essentially same in the sense of resonant tunneling through the Coulomb barrier. The good agreement between theory and experimental data justifies the selectivity in resonant tunneling,

Xing Z. Li; Bing Liu; Xian Z. Ren; Jian Tian; Wei Z. Yu; Dong X. Cao

2000-01-01

209

Nuclear architecture remodelling in envelopathies.  

PubMed

We performed ultrastructural studies on nuclear abnormalities in muscle from 8 patients with X-linked and autosomal dominant form of Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EDMD) and one case with progeroid syndrome. The diagnosis was based on clinical and molecular findings. We detected various degrees of nuclear architecture remodelling ranging from misshapen shape, nuclear disintegration, nuclear chromatin condensation and decondensation, focal chromatin loss to complete nuclear fragmentation. The most interesting finding was the appearance of tubulofilamentous inclusions inside the nuclear matrix of X-linked EDMD patients. All these nuclear aberrations are considered to be structural indicators of nuclear dysfunction evoked by envelope protein deficiency. PMID:17594594

Fidzia?ska, Anna; Glinka, Zofia

2007-01-01

210

T-2 Nuclear Information Service  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The T-2 Nuclear Information Service Web Site is presented by Los Alamos National Laboratory, which is operated by the University of California for the US Department of Energy. The site "concentrates on nuclear modeling, nuclear data, cross sections, nuclear masses, ENDF, NJOY data processing, nuclear astrophysics, radioactivity, radiation shielding, data for medical radiotherapy, data for high-energy accelerator applications, data and codes for fission and fusion systems, and more." Visitors can tour the site, browse and view the data, see computer codes for nuclear data, or look at relevant publications (.ps format) about nuclear data and techniques for working with nuclear data.

1998-01-01

211

76 FR 19148 - Entergy Nuclear Operations, Inc., Entergy Nuclear Vermont Yankee, LLC, Vermont Yankee Nuclear...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...this Subpart,'' the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC...regard to the Vermont Yankee Nuclear Power Station (VY). Mr. Saporito requested...inspection of VY to ensure that all nuclear safety-related systems are properly operational...

2011-04-06

212

Perspectives of Nuclear Physics  

E-print Network

The organizers of this meeting have asked me to present perspectives of nuclear physics. This means to identify the areas where nuclear physics will be expanding in the next future. In six chapters a short overview of these areas will be given, where I expect that nuclear physics willdevelop quite fast: A. Quantum Chromodynamics and effective field theories in the confinement region; B. Nuclear structure at the limits; C. High energy heavy ion collisions; D. Nuclear astrophysics; E. Neutrino physics; F. Test of physics beyond the standard model by rare processes. After a survey over these six points I will pick out a few topics where I will go more in details. There is no time to give for all six points detailed examples. I shall discuss the following examples of the six topics mentionned above: 1. The perturbative chiral quark model and the nucleon $\\Sigma$-term, 2. VAMPIR (Variation After Mean field Projection In Realistic model spaces and with realistic forces) as an example of the nuclear structure renaissance, 3. Measurement of important astrophysical nuclear reactions in the Gamow peak, 4. The solar neutrino problem. As examples for testing new physics beyond the standard model by rare processes I had prepared to speak about the measurement of the electric neutron dipole moment and of the neutrinoless double beta decay. But the time is limited and so I have to skip these points, although they are extremely interesting.

Amand Faessler

2002-12-06

213

The new nuclear nations  

SciTech Connect

Using 251 pages of text, 66 pages of references and 26 pages of appendixes, Spector delves into a world of new nuclear suppliers whose voracious hunger for profits may lead them to provide unwise assistance to countries that are unduly interested in nuclear weaponry. He assails a new dragon, a 'nuclear netherworld' that would illicitly supply such items for profit or political gain. Spector's book tells of covert dealings in nuclear technologies and materials. For him, the buyers have but one goal: '... to gain possession of the knowledge and materials necessary for development of nuclear weapons'. He warns of dangers from this illicit trade, of the loopholes in existing controls and the need to close them. His warnings come wrapped in stories of undercover transactions, many about Pakistan's efforts to get what it needs for its centrifuge enrichment plant. Recognizing the tightening of controls over nuclear trade since the 1970s, including those for dual-use items, Spector is nonetheless pessimistic that these efforts are sufficient to irradicate the nuclear netherworld or to deter newcomers from it.

Spector, L.

1985-01-01

214

Nuclear Material Management Abstract  

SciTech Connect

Nevada Test Site (NTS) has transitioned from its historical and critical role of weapons testing to another critical role for the nation. This new role focuses on being a integral element in solving the multiple challenges facing the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) with nuclear material management. NTS is positioned to be a solution for other NNSA sites challenged with safe nuclear materials storage and disposition. NNSA, with site involvement, is currently transforming the nuclear stockpile and supporting infrastructure to meet the 2030 vision. Efforts are under way to consolidate and modernize the production complex . With respect to the nuclear material stockpile, the NNSA sites are currently reducing the complex nuclear material inventory through disposition and consolidation. This includes moving material from other sites to NTS. State of the art nuclear material management and control practices at NTS are essential for NTS to ensure that assigned activities are accomplished in a safe, secure, efficient, and environmentally responsible manner. NTS activities and challenges will be addressed.

Jesse C. Schreiber

2007-07-10

215

Evaluated Nuclear Data  

SciTech Connect

This chapter describes the current status of evaluated nuclear data for nuclear technology applications. We start with evaluation procedures for neutron-induced reactions focusing on incident energies from the thermal energy up to 20 MeV, though higher energies are also mentioned. This is followed by examining the status of evaluated neutron data for actinides that play dominant role in most of the applications, followed by coolants/moderators, structural materials and fission products. We then discuss neutron covariance data that characterize uncertainties and correlations. We explain how modern nuclear evaluated data libraries are validated against an extensive set of integral benchmark experiments. Afterwards, we briefly examine other data of importance for nuclear technology, including fission yields, thermal neutron scattering and decay data. A description of three major evaluated nuclear data libraries is provided, including the latest version of the US library ENDF/B-VII.0, European JEFF-3.1 and Japanese JENDL-3.3. A brief introduction is made to current web retrieval systems that allow easy access to a vast amount of up-to-date evaluated nuclear data for nuclear technology applications.

Oblozinsky, P.; Oblozinsky,P.; Herman,M.; Mughabghab,S.F.

2010-10-01

216

Virtual nuclear weapons  

SciTech Connect

The term virtual nuclear weapons proliferation and arsenals, as opposed to actual weapons and arsenals, has entered in recent years the American lexicon of nuclear strategy, arms control, and nonproliferation. While the term seems to have an intuitive appeal, largely due to its cyberspace imagery, its current use is still vague and loose. The author believes, however, that if the term is clearly delineated, it might offer a promising approach to conceptualizing certain current problems of proliferation. The first use is in a reference to an old problem that has resurfaced recently: the problem of growing availability of weapon-usable nuclear materials in civilian nuclear programs along with materials made `excess` to defense needs by current arms reduction and dismantlement. It is argued that the availability of these vast materials, either by declared nuclear-weapon states or by technologically advanced nonweapon states, makes it possible for those states to rapidly assemble and deploy nuclear weapons. The second use has quite a different set of connotations. It is derived conceptually from the imagery of computer-generated reality. In this use, one thinks of virtual proliferation and arsenals not in terms of the physical hardware required to make the bomb but rather in terms of the knowledge/experience required to design, assemble, and deploy the arsenal. Virtual weapons are a physics reality and cannot be ignored in a world where knowledge, experience, materials, and other requirements to make nuclear weapons are widespread, and where dramatic army reductions and, in some cases, disarmament are realities. These concepts are useful in defining a continuum of virtual capabilities, ranging from those at the low end that derive from general technology diffusion and the existence of nuclear energy programs to those at the high end that involve conscious decisions to develop or maintain militarily significant nuclear-weapon capabilities.

Pilat, J.F.

1997-08-01

217

Monitoring international nuclear activity  

SciTech Connect

The LBNL Table of Isotopes website provides primary nuclearinformation to>150,000 different users annually. We have developedthe covert technology to identify users by IP address and country todetermine the kinds of nuclear information they are retrieving. Wepropose to develop pattern recognition software to provide an earlywarning system to identify Unusual nuclear activity by country or regionSpecific nuclear/radioactive material interests We have monitored nuclearinformation for over two years and provide this information to the FBIand LLNL. Intelligence is gleaned from the website log files. Thisproposal would expand our reporting capabilities.

Firestone, R.B.

2006-05-19

218

Nuclear power after Chernobyl  

SciTech Connect

The causes and progress of the accident at Chernobyl are described, and a comparison between the Chernobyl accident and the 1979 accident at the Three Mile Island nuclear power station is made. Significant similarities between Chernobyl and Three Mile Island include complacency of operators and industry, deliberate negation of safety systems, and a lack of understanding of their plant on the part of the operators, which shows the critical importance of the human element. The Chernobyl accident has implications for nuclear power in the United States; it will affect the research program of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, regulation of Department of Energy reactors, new reactor designs, and public attitudes.

Ahearne, J.F.

1987-05-08

219

International Nuclear Safety Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory provides this site, highlighted by nuclear plants and material properties databases. The nuclear plants database can be searched by country, plant type, and operational status, as well as browsed by clickable map. Information retrieved may include location, type of reactor, controlling utility, and suppliers. The material properties database contains selected information on materials by type and property. In addition, there is a safety analysis results bibliographic database, with abstracts on literature (available in the INSC library) on Soviet-designed nuclear power plants. Note that the site is a work in progress and that some areas are not open to the public.

220

Nuclear regulation and safety  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear regulation and safety are discussed from the standpoint of a hypothetical country that is in the process of introducing a nuclear power industry and setting up a regulatory system. The national policy is assumed to be in favor of nuclear power. The regulators will have responsibility for economic, reliable electric production as well as for safety. Reactor safety is divided into three parts: shut it down, keep it covered, take out the afterheat. Emergency plans also have to be provided. Ways of keeping the core covered with water are discussed. (DLC)

Hendrie, J.M.

1982-01-01

221

Nuclear Medicine Annual, 1989  

SciTech Connect

Among the highlights of Nuclear Medicine Annual, 1989 are a status report on the thyroid scan in clinical practice, a review of functional and structural brain imaging in dementia, an update on radionuclide renal imaging in children, and an article outlining a quality assurance program for SPECT instrumentation. Also included are discussions on current concepts in osseous sports and stress injury scintigraphy and on correlative magnetic resonance and radionuclide imaging of bone. Other contributors assess the role of nuclear medicine in clinical decision making and examine medicolegal and regulatory aspects of nuclear medicine.

Freeman, L.M.; Weissmann, H.S.

1989-01-01

222

Nuclear Regulatory Commission issuances  

SciTech Connect

This document is the March 1996 listing of NRC issuances. Included are: (1) NRC orders granting Cleveland Electric Illuminating Company`s petition for review of the ASLB order LBP-95-17, (2) NRC orders relating to the potential disqualification of two commissioners in the matter of the decommissioning of Yankee Nuclear Power Station, (3) ASLB orders pertaining to the Oncology Services Corporation, (4) ASLB orders pertaining to the Radiation Oncology Center, (5) ASLB orders pertaining to the Yankee Nuclear Power Station, and (6) Director`s decision pertaining to the Yankee Nuclear Power Station.

NONE

1996-03-01

223

Nuclear Science and Engineering  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site, created by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, provides the available courses in the Nuclear Science and Engineering department. Research and education in nuclear science and engineering first began at MIT in 1948. Despite having roots at MIT that span more than 60 years, nuclear engineering is relatively new compared to other engineering disciplines, and its many applications will benefit society in areas from healthcare and radiation detection to space exploration and advanced materials. This site explores all of areas and provides students and educators valuable insight and documents in the discipline.

2011-03-16

224

Nuclear energy technology: theory and practice of commercial nuclear power  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reviews Nuclear Energy Technology: Theory and Practice of Commercial Nuclear Power by Ronald Allen Knief, whose contents include an overview of the basic concepts of reactors and the nuclear fuel cycle; the basics of nuclear physics; reactor theory; heat removal; economics; current concerns at the front and back ends of the fuel cycle; design descriptions of domestic and foreign reactor

Knief

1982-01-01

225

Basic Nuclear Physics Research Needs for Nuclear Energy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Basic nuclear physics research will play a central role in the development of the future nuclear facilities. Federal requirements for higher efficiencies, lower operating and construction costs, and advanced safeguards can all be impacted by the quality of nuclear data used in the fuel cycle calculations for design and licensing. Uncertainties in the underlying nuclear data propagate to uncertainties in

Tony Hill

2008-01-01

226

Preparing Non-nuclear Engineers for the Nuclear Field  

E-print Network

Preparing Non-nuclear Engineers for the Nuclear Field Elizabeth K. Ervin The University. An understanding of power generation is important for all modern-day engineers, and nuclear energy serves as a good perspectives are shifting, only a limited number of American programs have nuclear-related components. Twenty

Ervin, Elizabeth K.

227

Nuclear Renaissance Requires Nuclear Enlightenment W J Nuttall  

E-print Network

include the good greenhouse gas credentials of nuclear power, the beneficial attributes of nuclear energy University, Trumpington Street Cambridge, CB2 1AG UK Abstract Nuclear energy was developed by technocratic as a result of global anthropogenic climate change, nuclear power might actually represent a means to preserve

Aickelin, Uwe

228

Redefining Interrelationship between Nuclear Safety, Nuclear Security and Safeguards  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since the beginning of this century, the so-called 3Ss (Nuclear Safety, Nuclear Security and Safeguards) have become major regulatory areas for peaceful uses of nuclear energy. In order to rationalize the allocation of regulatory resources, interrelationship of the 3Ss should be investigated. From the viewpoint of the number of the parties concerned in regulation, nuclear security is peculiar with having “aggressors” as the third party. From the viewpoint of final goal of regulation, nuclear security in general and safeguards share the goal of preventing non-peaceful uses of nuclear energy, though the goal of anti-sabotage within nuclear security is rather similar to nuclear safety. As often recognized, safeguards are representative of various policy tools for nuclear non-proliferation. Strictly speaking, it is not safeguards as a policy tool but nuclear non-proliferation as a policy purpose that should be parallel to other policy purposes (nuclear safety and nuclear security). That suggests “SSN” which stands for Safety, Security and Non-proliferation is a better abbreviation rather than 3Ss. Safeguards as a policy tool should be enumerated along with nuclear safety regulation, nuclear security measures and trade controls on nuclear-related items. Trade controls have been playing an important role for nuclear non-proliferation. These policy tools can be called “SSST” in which Trade controls are also emphasized along with Safety regulation, Security measures and Safeguards.

Irie, Kazutomo

229

NUCLEAR ENERGY Annals of Nuclear Energy 32 (2005) 812842  

E-print Network

annals of NUCLEAR ENERGY Annals of Nuclear Energy 32 (2005) 812­842 www of Nuclear Energy 32 (2005) 812­842 background noise is present, this technique is useful to indicate.elsevier.com/locate/anucene Identification and localization of absorbers of variable strength in nuclear reactors C. Demazie`re a,*, G

Demazière, Christophe

230

Nuclear Technology Series. Course 24: Nuclear Systems and Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This technical specialty course is one of thirty-five courses designed for use by two-year postsecondary institutions in five nuclear technician curriculum areas: (1) radiation protection technician, (2) nuclear instrumentation and control technician, (3) nuclear materials processing technician, (4) nuclear quality-assurance/quality-control…

Center for Occupational Research and Development, Inc., Waco, TX.

231

Nuclear Technology Series. Course 23: Nuclear Chemical Processes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This technical specialty course is one of thirty-five courses designed for use by two-year postsecondary institutions in five nuclear technician curriculum areas: (1) radiation protection technician, (2) nuclear instrumentation and control technician, (3) nuclear materials processing technician, (4) nuclear quality-assurance/quality-control…

Center for Occupational Research and Development, Inc., Waco, TX.

232

Nuclear Technology Series. Course 5: Introduction to Nuclear Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This technical specialty course is one of thirty-five courses designed for use by two-year postsecondary institutions in five nuclear technician curriculum areas: (1) radiation protection technician, (2) nuclear instrumentation and control technician, (3) nuclear materials processing technician, (4) nuclear quality-assurance/quality-control…

Center for Occupational Research and Development, Inc., Waco, TX.

233

Fingerprint Indexing Based on LAS Registration , Chao Zhang1  

E-print Network

Fingerprint Indexing Based on LAS Registration Tong Liu1 , Chao Zhang1 and Pengwei Hao1,2 1 Fingerprint indexing is an efficient technique that greatly improves the performance of fingerprint based method based on fingerprint registration with a novel feature called local axial symmetry (LAS

Hao, Pengwei

234

Translational genomics of Vegetable Crops Las Vegas, NV  

E-print Network

Translational genomics of Vegetable Crops Las Vegas, NV July 21, 2005 David Francis and Allen Van Deynze At the recent ASHS meetings in Las Vegas, a workshop "Translational Genomics of Vegetable Crops interventions" (Minna and Gazdar, 1996). In applied plant science, "translational genomics" implies

Douches, David S.

235

Diagnostico de las Fuentes No convenionales de Energía en Colombia  

Microsoft Academic Search

El dicumento considera ejes transversales y ejes verticales. Los primeros están relacionados con aspectos que conciernen a todas las FNCE como son el marco legal y regulatorio, y los aspectos ambientales de las FNCE. A continuación se desarrollan ejes verticales, uno por cada fuente. El capítulo 2 hace una revisión y análisis del marco institucional, de política y regulatorio. Plantea

Ernesto Torres; José Maria Rincón; Edinson Lozano

2011-01-01

236

University of Nevada, Las Vegas Emergency Information .......................................................................2  

E-print Network

disaster on campus (airplane crash) Medical emergency Unknown odor To report a nonUniversity of Nevada, Las Vegas Emergency Information 2010 #12;2 University of Nevada, Las Vegas Directory 2009-2010 EmErgEncy! In the event of an emergency

Cho, Hokwon

237

Going nuclear: The spread of nuclear weapons 1986-1987  

SciTech Connect

In the third annual report of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace on the spread of nuclear weapons, Spector provides a critical survey of the status of nuclear proliferation throughout the world and examines the nuclear potential of nations in the Middle East, Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Drawing on both historical documents and up-to-date reports, the author addresses such specific topics as Israel's nuclear arsenal, nuclear terrorism and its global security implications, arms control and nuclear safeguards, international treaties, weapons buildup, and political radicalism and unrest in nuclear-threshold nations.

Spector, L.S.

1987-01-01

238

JPRS report, nuclear developments  

SciTech Connect

This report contains articles concerning the nuclear developments of the following countries: (1) China; (2) Japan, North Korea, South Korea; (3) Bulgaria; (4) Argentina, Brazil, Honduras; (5) India, Iran, Pakistan, Syria; (6) Soviet Union; and (7) France, Germany, Turkey.

NONE

1991-03-28

239

Next Generation Nuclear Plant.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Next Generation Nuclear Plant will be a demonstration of the technical, licensing, operational, and commercial viability of high temperature gas-cooled reactor (HTGR) technology for the production of process heat, electricity, and hydrogen. This nucle...

2009-01-01

240

The Canadian Nuclear FAQ  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This highly pro-nuclear website offers information not only about nuclear energy in Canada, but about this controversial energy resource more generally. Start with the Introduction and Disclaimer, where Dr. Jeremy Whitlock, the author of the site and a reactor physicist at an Ottawa Valley nuclear power plant, explains the purpose and limitations of the site. Then have a look at the dozens of questions Dr. Whitlock answers with erudite â and opinionated â precision, covering such broad topics as Cost and Benefits, Safety and Liability, Waste Management, and Security and Non-Proliferation. Also, take a look at the excellent Links and Further Information pages, as well as the Editorials page, which features dozens of pro-nuclear missives. In all, interested readers will find this page well argued and informative.

Whitlock, Jeremy

1996-04-24

241

State Nuclear Profiles  

EIA Publications

Presents a summary of current and recent historical data for the nuclear power industry. The data focuses on net summer capacity and net generation for each state, as well as plant specific information for 2010.

2012-01-01

242

Nuclear data interface retrospective  

SciTech Connect

The Nuclear Data Interface (NDI) code library and data formats are the standards for multigroup nuclear data at Los Alamos National Laboratory. NDI's analysis, design, implementation, testing, integration, and maintenance required a ten person-year and ongoing effort by the Nuclear Data Team. Their efforts provide a unique, contemporary experience in producing a standard component library. In reflection upon that experience at NDI's decennial, we have identified several factors critical to NDI's success: it addressed real problems with appropriate simplicity, it fully supported all users, it added extra value through the code to the raw nuclear data, and its team went the distance from analysis through maintenance. In this report we review these critical success factors and discuss their implications for future standardization projects.

Gray, Mark G [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01

243

Living with nuclear weapons  

SciTech Connect

At Harvard President Derek Bok's request, six Harvard professors explain nuclear arms issues to help citizens understand all sides of the national security debates. The goal is to encourage public participation in policy formulation. The book emphasizes that escapism will not improve security; that idealistic plans to eliminate nuclear weapons are a form of escapism. Learning to live with nuclear weapons, they suggest, requires an understanding of the current nuclear predicament and the implications of alternative weapons and policy choices. After reviewing these matters, they emphasize that informed persons will continue to disagree, but that knowledge will improve understanding and appreciation of their differences and improve the quality of policy debates. 54 references, 5 figures, 2 tables. (DCK)

Carnesale, A.; Doty, P.; Hoffmann, S.; Huntington, S.P.; Nye, J.S. Jr.; Sagan, S.D.

1983-01-01

244

Desalting and Nuclear Energy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Future use of nuclear energy to produce electricity and desalted water is outlined. Possible desalting processes are analyzed to show economic feasibility and the place in planning in world's economic growth. (DS)

Burwell, Calvin C.

1971-01-01

245

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website serves as a primer for understanding the fundamentals of NMR spectroscopy. Plenty of useful figures and animations that enhance the understanding of nuclear spin, shielding, and how these phenomena serve as the basis for NMR.

2011-05-18

246

After nuclear war - a nuclear winter  

SciTech Connect

The environmental and biological consequences of nuclear war were discussed by more than 100 eminent biologists, physicists and atmospheric scientists at the recent World after Nuclear War conference. The long-term effects were determined to be worse than the well-known immediate effects. They predicted that 225 million tons of smoke would be generated within a few days in their baseline scenario. As a result, the amount of sunlight reaching the earth would be reduced to a few percent of normal and temperatures would fall to -23/sup 0/C. About 30% of the northern middle latitudes would receive more than 250 rads radiation dose for several months and about 50% of the land area would receive more than 100 rads. Dangerous levels of solar ultraviolet light would burn through the atmosphere. It was also determined that these effects would be felt in the southern hemisphere. Those who survived the blast, fire and prompt radiation would face starvation from shutdown of plant photosynthesis and inhibition of phytoplankton photosynthesis. Huge wildfires and acid rains would stress any surviving plants and animals. Conference participants agreed that scientists had taken a new and significant step toward understanding the full consequences of nuclear war.

Tangley, L.

1984-01-01

247

The nuclear matter problem  

SciTech Connect

We review the present statiis of the many-body theory of nuclear and pure neutron matter based on realistic models of nuclear forces, The current models of two- and three-nucleon interactions are discussed along with recent results obtained with the Brueckner and variatioual methods. New initiatives in the variational method and quantuni Monte Carlo nicthods to study pure neutron matter are described, and finally, the analytic behavior of the energy of piire neutron matter at low densities is cliscussed.

Carlson, J. A. (Joseph A.); Cowell, S.; Morales, J.; Ravenhall, D. G.; Pandharipande, V. R. (Vijay R.)

2002-01-01

248

Principles of nuclear geology  

SciTech Connect

This book treats the basic principles of nuclear physics and the mineralogy, geochemistry, distribution and ore deposits of uranium and thorium. The application of nuclear methodology in radiogenic heat and thermal regime of the earth, radiometric prospecting, isotopic age dating, stable isotopes and cosmic-ray produced isotopes is covered. Geological processes, such as metamorphic chronology, petrogenesis, groundwater movement, and sedimentation rate are focussed on.

Aswathanarayana, U.

1985-01-01

249

Nuclear Power Plant  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson introduces students to the basics of nuclear energy production. Topics include radioisotope thermoelectric generators, natural decay of radioactive isotopes, and chain reactions. There is also a discussion of how to control a chain reaction and some concepts of reactor design. The lesson includes an activity in which students operate an online simulation of a nuclear power plant, attempting to keep power output as high as possible without losing control of the reaction.

Pratte, John

250

Nuclear Plant Inspection  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Engineers from the Power Authority of the State of New York use a Crack Growth Analysis Program supplied by COSMIC (Computer Software Management and Information Center) in one stage of nuclear plant inspection. Welds of the nuclear steam supply system are checked for cracks; radiographs, dye penetration and visual inspections are performed to locate cracks in the metal structure and welds. The software package includes three separate crack growth analysis models and enables necessary repairs to be planned before serious problems develop.

1983-01-01

251

Nuclear safety after Chernobyl  

SciTech Connect

This paper discussed the safety of nuclear reactors. The authors examined some of the safety problems associated with the accidents at Chernobyl and Three Mile Island. He stressed the need to reduce the frequency of accidents and the need for greater preparation for the consequences of inevitable failures. He stated that future accidents would be unlikely to replicate the past, that nuclear safety issues need to be addressed broadly and that reforms need to be introduced quickly.

Flavin, C.

1987-07-01

252

Nuclear magnetic resonance gyroscope  

SciTech Connect

A nuclear magnetic resonance gyro using two nuclear magnetic resonance gases, preferably xenon 129 and xenon 131, together with two alkaline metal vapors, preferably rubidium, potassium or cesium, one of the two alkaline metal vapors being pumped by light which has the wavelength of that alkaline metal vapor, and the other alkaline vapor being illuminated by light which has the wavelength of that other alkaline vapor.

Grover, B.C.

1984-02-07

253

Pulsed nuclear fusion reactor  

Microsoft Academic Search

This invention relates to a nuclear fusion power plant for producing useful electrical energy by nuclear combustion of deuterium and lithium to helium. A large concentric plate capacitor is discharged rapidly through a mass of molten lid1-xtx (O

1980-01-01

254

Nuclear data online at the NNDC. Revision  

SciTech Connect

The National Nuclear Data Center provides information on nuclear reactions, nuclear structure, and decay data, and is a part of the Nuclear Data Center Network, established to coordinate the compilation and dissemination of nuclear data on an international scale.

McLane, V.

1998-08-01

255

18 CFR 1316.9 - Nuclear energy hazards and nuclear incidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2012-04-01 true Nuclear energy hazards and nuclear incidents...Certifications § 1316.9 Nuclear energy hazards and nuclear incidents...such documents or actions: Nuclear Energy Hazards and Nuclear...

2013-04-01

256

18 CFR 1316.9 - Nuclear energy hazards and nuclear incidents.  

...2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Nuclear energy hazards and nuclear incidents...Certifications § 1316.9 Nuclear energy hazards and nuclear incidents...such documents or actions: Nuclear Energy Hazards and Nuclear...

2014-04-01

257

18 CFR 1316.9 - Nuclear energy hazards and nuclear incidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Nuclear energy hazards and nuclear incidents...Certifications § 1316.9 Nuclear energy hazards and nuclear incidents...such documents or actions: Nuclear Energy Hazards and Nuclear...

2012-04-01

258

18 CFR 1316.9 - Nuclear energy hazards and nuclear incidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Nuclear energy hazards and nuclear incidents...Certifications § 1316.9 Nuclear energy hazards and nuclear incidents...such documents or actions: Nuclear Energy Hazards and Nuclear...

2011-04-01

259

18 CFR 1316.9 - Nuclear energy hazards and nuclear incidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Nuclear energy hazards and nuclear incidents...Certifications § 1316.9 Nuclear energy hazards and nuclear incidents...such documents or actions: Nuclear Energy Hazards and Nuclear...

2010-04-01

260

Nuclear Astrophysics Data Dissemination & Coordination  

Microsoft Academic Search

Progress in solving many puzzles in astrophysics hinges on the availability of crucial nuclear datasets. Dedicated effort is required to rapidly provide usable, accurate, and significant amounts of nuclear data for astrophysical studies. While substantial attention has recently been paid to the need for increased evaluation activities to meet the nuclear data needs of the nuclear astrophysics research community, it

Michael Smith; Richard A. Meyer

261

China's nuclear programs and policies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Economics and the futility of arms competition with the US and USSR has forced China to shift its nuclear effort to peaceful uses, although its current nuclear-deterrent warrants including China in arms negotiations. China's nuclear program began during the 1950s with an emphasis on weaponry and some development in space technology. Proponents of nuclear power now appear to have refuted

1983-01-01

262

Nuclear War and Science Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests that science-related material on nuclear war be included in introductory courses. Lists nuclear war topics for physics, psychology, sociology, biology/ecology, chemistry, geography, geology/meteorology, mathematics, and medical science. Also lists 11 lectures on nuclear physics which include nuclear war topics. (JN)

Hobson, Art

1983-01-01

263

Nuclear Fission Fuel is Inexhaustible  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nuclear fission energy is as inexhaustible as those energies usually termed ldquorenewablerdquo, such as hydro, wind, solar, and biomass. But, unlike the sum of these energies, nuclear fission energy has sufficient capacity to replace fossil fuels as they become scarce. Replacement of the current thermal variety of nuclear fission reactors with nuclear fission fast reactors, which are 100 times more

H. D. Lightfoot; W. Manheimer; D. A. Meneley; D. Pendergast; G. S. Stanford

2006-01-01

264

CONSTRUCTION OF NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS  

E-print Network

CONSTRUCTION OF NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS A Workshop on "NUCLEAR ENERGY RENAISSANCE" Addressing OF ST. LUCIE-2 at FLORIDA POWER & LIGHT COMPANY · Robert E. Uhrig 1974-1986 ­ Vice President, Nuclear IN CONSTRUCTION OF ST. LUCIE-2 #12;LESSONS LEARNED FROM St. Lucie-2 NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS CAN BE BUILT

265

Determinants of Nuclear Weapons Proliferation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nuclear weapons proliferation is a topic of intense interest and concern among both academics and policy makers. Diverse opinions exist about the determinants of proliferation and the policy options to alter proliferation incentives. We evaluate a variety of explanations in two stages of nuclear proliferation, the presence of nuclear weapons production programs and the actual possession of nuclear weapons. We

Dong-Joon Jo; Erik Gartzke

2007-01-01

266

Thinking About Preventing Nuclear War.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Potential paths to nuclear war and the available means of prevention of nuclear war are discussed. Presented is a detailed description of six nuclear war scenarios, and brief examples of types of potential deterrents to nuclear war (firebreaks) which are relevant for each. To be effective, the right combination of firebreaks must be used, the…

Ground Zero, Washington, DC.

267

Physics (selected articles). [Nuclear fusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Controlled nuclear fusion as a new energy source was investigated. It will be possible in the 1980's to obtain thermal nuclear ignition, and in the early 2000's nuclear fusion may be used to supplement the energy shortage. It is predicted that in the 2000's nuclear fusion will occupy an important position as a global source of energy.

Z. Shiyao; C. Zesheng; X. Xiaolung; H. Qiang

1982-01-01

268

LAS - LAND ANALYSIS SYSTEM, VERSION 5.0  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Land Analysis System (LAS) is an image analysis system designed to manipulate and analyze digital data in raster format and provide the user with a wide spectrum of functions and statistical tools for analysis. LAS offers these features under VMS with optional image display capabilities for IVAS and other display devices as well as the X-Windows environment. LAS provides a flexible framework for algorithm development as well as for the processing and analysis of image data. Users may choose between mouse-driven commands or the traditional command line input mode. LAS functions include supervised and unsupervised image classification, film product generation, geometric registration, image repair, radiometric correction and image statistical analysis. Data files accepted by LAS include formats such as Multi-Spectral Scanner (MSS), Thematic Mapper (TM) and Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR). The enhanced geometric registration package now includes both image to image and map to map transformations. The over 200 LAS functions fall into image processing scenario categories which include: arithmetic and logical functions, data transformations, fourier transforms, geometric registration, hard copy output, image restoration, intensity transformation, multispectral and statistical analysis, file transfer, tape profiling and file management among others. Internal improvements to the LAS code have eliminated the VAX VMS dependencies and improved overall system performance. The maximum LAS image size has been increased to 20,000 lines by 20,000 samples with a maximum of 256 bands per image. The catalog management system used in earlier versions of LAS has been replaced by a more streamlined and maintenance-free method of file management. This system is not dependent on VAX/VMS and relies on file naming conventions alone to allow the use of identical LAS file names on different operating systems. While the LAS code has been improved, the original capabilities of the system have been preserved. These include maintaining associated image history, session logging, and batch, asynchronous and interactive mode of operation. The LAS application programs are integrated under version 4.1 of an interface called the Transportable Applications Executive (TAE). TAE 4.1 has four modes of user interaction: menu, direct command, tutor (or help), and dynamic tutor. In addition TAE 4.1 allows the operation of LAS functions using mouse-driven commands under the TAE-Facelift environment provided with TAE 4.1. These modes of operation allow users, from the beginner to the expert, to exercise specific application options. LAS is written in C-language and FORTRAN 77 for use with DEC VAX computers running VMS with approximately 16Mb of physical memory. This program runs under TAE 4.1. Since TAE 4.1 is not a current version of TAE, TAE 4.1 is included within the LAS distribution. Approximately 130,000 blocks (65Mb) of disk storage space are necessary to store the source code and files generated by the installation procedure for LAS and 44,000 blocks (22Mb) of disk storage space are necessary for TAE 4.1 installation. The only other dependencies for LAS are the subroutine libraries for the specific display device(s) that will be used with LAS/DMS (e.g. X-Windows and/or IVAS). The standard distribution medium for LAS is a set of two 9track 6250 BPI magnetic tapes in DEC VAX BACKUP format. It is also available on a set of two TK50 tape cartridges in DEC VAX BACKUP format. This program was developed in 1986 and last updated in 1992.

Pease, P. B.

1994-01-01

269

OFFSITE ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING REPORT: RADIATION MONITORING AROUND UNITED STATES NUCLEAR TEST AREAS, CALENDAR YEAR 1980  

EPA Science Inventory

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Environmental Monitoring Systems Laboratory in Las Vegas continued its Offsite Radiological Safety Program for the Nevada Test Site (NTS) and other sites of past underground nuclear tests. For each test, the Laboratory provided airborne ...

270

OFFSITE ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING REPORT. RADIATION MONITORING AROUND UNITED STATES NUCLEAR TEST AREAS, CALENDAR YEAR 1983  

EPA Science Inventory

This report covers the routine radiation monitoring activities conducted by the Environmental Monitoring Systems Laboratory-Las Vegas in areas which may be affected by nuclear testing programs of the Department of Energy. This monitoring is conducted to document compliance with s...

271

Nucleon Properties in Nuclear Matter  

SciTech Connect

We present recent studies on the effective mass of the nucleon in infinite and homogeneous nuclear matter and its relation to nuclear matter properties within the framework of the in-medium modified Skyrme model. Medium modifications are achieved by introducing optical potential for pion fields and parametrization of the Skyrme parameter in nuclear medium. The present approach is phenomenologically well justified by pion physics in nuclear matter and describe successfully bulk nuclear matter properties.

Yakhshiev, Ulugbek; Kim, Hyun-Chul [Department of Physics, Inha University, Incheon 402-751 (Korea, Republic of)

2011-10-21

272

Nuclear PowerNuclear PowerNuclear PowerNuclear PowerNuclear PowerNuclear PowerNuclear PowerNuclear Power''''''''s Dirty Littles Dirty Littles Dirty Littles Dirty Littles Dirty Littles Dirty Littles Dirty Littles Dirty Little Secret: Uranium MiningSecret:  

E-print Network

Nuclear PowerNuclear PowerNuclear PowerNuclear PowerNuclear PowerNuclear PowerNuclear PowerNuclear Power''''''''s Dirty Littles Dirty Littles Dirty Littles Dirty Littles Dirty Littles Dirty Littles Dirty Liquids[2] Petroleum Coke Natural Gas Other Gases[3] Nuclear Hydroelectric Conventional Other Renewables[4

Sheridan, Jennifer

273

NESST: A nuclear energy safety and security treaty-Separating nuclear energy from nuclear weapons  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Fission and Fusion energy is matched by the need to completely separate civilian energy programmes from the production of nuclear weapons. The Nuclear Proliferation Treaty (NPT, 1968) muddles these issues together. The case is presented here for making a new Nuclear Energy Security Treaty (NESST) which is rigorous, enforceable without violence, and separate from the political quagmire of nuclear weapons.

McNamara, Brendan

2012-06-01

274

An Aerial Radiological Survey of Selected Areas of the City of North Las Vegas  

SciTech Connect

As part of the proficiency training for the Radiological Mapping mission of the Aerial Measuring System (AMS), a survey team from the Remote Sensing Laboratory-Nellis (RSL-Nellis) conducted an aerial radiological survey of selected areas of the city of North Las Vegas for the purpose of mapping natural radiation background and locating any man-made radioactive sources. Survey areas were selected in collaboration with the City Manager's office and included four separate areas: (1) Las Vegas Motor Speedway (10.6 square miles); (2) North Las Vegas Downtown Area (9.2 square miles); (3) I-15 Industrial Corridor (7.4 square miles); and (4) Future site of University of Nevada Las Vegas campus (17.4 square miles). The survey was conducted in three phases: Phase 1 on December 11-12, 2007 (Areas 1 and 2), Phase 2 on February 28, 2008 (Area 3), and Phase 3 on March 19, 2008 (Area 4). The total completed survey covered a total of 44.6 square miles. The flight lines (without the turns) over the surveyed areas are presented in Figures 1, 2, 3, and 4. A total of eight 2.5-hour-long flights were performed at an altitude of 150 ft above ground level (AGL) with 300 feet of flight-line spacing. Water line and test line flights were conducted over the Lake Mead and Government Wash areas to ensure quality control of the data. The data were collected by the AMS data acquisition system (REDAR V) using an array of twelve 2-inch x 4-inch x 16-inch sodium iodide (NaI) detectors flown on-board a twin-engine Bell 412 helicopter. Data, in the form of gamma energy spectra, were collected continually (every second) over the course of the survey and were geo-referenced using a differential Global Positioning System. Collection of spectral data allows the system to distinguish between ordinary fluctuations in natural background radiation levels and the signature produced by man-made radioisotopes. Spectral data can also be used to identify specific radioactive isotopes. As a courtesy service, with the approval of the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration, Nevada Site Office, RSL-Nellis is providing this summary to the office of the Mayor of the City of North Las Vegas along with the gross-count-based exposure rate and man-made count contour maps and GIS shape files in electronic format on a compact disk.

Piotr Wasiolek

2008-06-01

275

Model Action Plan for Nuclear Forensics and Nuclear Attribution  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear forensics and nuclear attribution have become increasingly important tools in the fight against illegal trafficking in nuclear and radiological materials. This technical report documents the field of nuclear forensics and nuclear attribution in a comprehensive manner, summarizing tools and procedures that have heretofore been described independently in the scientific literature. This report also provides national policy-makers, decision-makers, and technical managers with guidance for responding to incidents involving the interdiction of nuclear and radiological materials. However, due to the significant capital costs of the equipment and the specialized expertise of the personnel, work in the field of nuclear forensics has been restricted so far to a handful of national and international laboratories. In fact, there are a limited number of specialists who have experience working with interdicted nuclear materials and affiliated evidence. Most of the laboratories that have the requisite equipment, personnel, and experience to perform nuclear forensic analysis are participants in the Nuclear Smuggling International Technical Working Group or ITWG (see Section 1.8). Consequently, there is a need to disseminate information on an appropriate response to incidents of nuclear smuggling, including a comprehensive approach to gathering evidence that meets appropriate legal standards and to developing insights into the source and routes of nuclear and radiological contraband. Appendix A presents a ''Menu of Options'' for other Member States to request assistance from the ITWG Nuclear Forensics Laboratories (INFL) on nuclear forensic cases.

Dudder, G B; Niemeyer, S; Smith, D K; Kristo, M J

2004-03-01

276

El oro en Las Mdulas: su geologa y arqueologa  

E-print Network

El oro en Las Médulas: su geología y arqueología Carlos Martín Escorza Sociedad de Amigos del Museo) El oro en Las Médulas: su geología y arqueología Carlos Martín Escorza Sociedad de Amigos del Museo-931531-3-3 #12;Senderos GeoArqueológicos, 2 (2006) 1 El oro de Las Médulas: su geología y arqueología Índice. I

Fitze, Patrick

277

Safety of the Las Vegas left-turn display.  

PubMed

This paper provides a safety evaluation of a special protected/permitted left turn signal control (Las Vegas LT Display) that has been implemented in the urbanized area of Las Vegas, Nevada. The Las Vegas LT Display eliminates the yellow trap condition for leading approach in lead/lag operation. It provides protected only left turns during certain times of day by suppressing the permitted green ball and yellow ball displays. Before and after studies were conducted using the crash data from 10 intersections. Results from the analyses indicated that no obvious safety concerns due to use of the special display. PMID:24144494

Ozmen, Ozlem; Tian, Zong Z; Gibby, A Reed

2014-01-01

278

Nuclear age thinking  

SciTech Connect

According to the practicalist school, thinking emerges from activity and each human practice is giving food to its own distinctive kinds of perception, conduct, and perspective of the world. The author, while studying and describing developments after the commencement of the nuclear age in many fields of human behavior and knowledge, including the social sciences, particularly psychology and international politics, became an adherent to the practicalist philosophy when he perceived new relevant thoughts coming to his mind at the same time. Indeed writing is a learning experience. He has, therefore, systematically included these thoughts in the following pages and synoptically characterized them in the title: Nuclear Age Thinking. He considers this kind of thinking as automatic, conscious activity which is gradually influencing our choices and decisions. The author has reservations as regards Albert Einstein's saying that the unleashed power of the atom changed everything save our modes of thinking, because the uncontrollability of nuclear energy is apparently in the subconscious of mankind nowadays, influencing the development of a new mode of thinking, and that is the nuclear age thinking which is the subject of this book. Nuclear age thinking drives from the collective fear of extinction of life on earth due to this new power at man's disposal, and it is not only limited to the change in the conventional meaning of the words war and peace.

Depastas, A.N.

1990-01-01

279

Nuclear concepts/propulsion  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Nuclear thermal and nuclear electric propulsion systems will enable and/or enhance important space exploration missions to the moon and Mars. Current efforts are addressing certain research areas, although NASA and DOE still have much work yet to do. Relative to chemical systems, nuclear thermal propulsion offers the potential of reduced vehicle weight, wider launch windows. and shorter transit times, even without aerobrakes. This would improve crew safety by reducing their exposure to cosmic radiation. Advanced materials and structures will be an important resource in responding to the challenges posed by safety and test facility requirements, environmental concerns, high temperature fuels and the high radiation, hot hydrogen environment within nuclear thermal propulsion systems. Nuclear electric propulsion (NEP) has its own distinct set of advantages relative to chemical systems. These include low resupply mass, the availability of large amounts of onboard electric power for other uses besides propulsion, improved launch windows, and the ability to share technology with surface power systems. Development efforts for NEP reactors will emphasize long life operation of compact designs. This will require designs that provide high fuel burnup and high temperature operation along with personnel and environmental safety.

Miller, Thomas J.

1993-01-01

280

Nuclear ``pasta'' formation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The formation of complex nonuniform phases of nuclear matter, known as nuclear pasta, is studied with molecular dynamics (MD) simulations containing 51200 nucleons. A phenomenological nuclear interaction is used that reproduces the saturation binding energy and density of nuclear matter. Systems are prepared at an initial density of 0.10fm-3 and then the density is decreased by expanding the simulation volume at different rates to densities of 0.01fm-3 or less. An originally uniform system of nuclear matter is observed to form spherical bubbles (“swiss cheese”), hollow tubes, flat plates (“lasagna”), thin rods (“spaghetti”) and, finally, nearly spherical nuclei with decreasing density. We explicitly observe nucleation mechanisms, with decreasing density, for these different pasta phase transitions. Topological quantities known as Minkowski functionals are obtained to characterize the pasta shapes. Different pasta shapes are observed depending on the expansion rate. This indicates nonequilibrium effects. We use this to determine the best ways to obtain lower energy states of the pasta system from MD simulations and to place constraints on the equilibration time of the system.

Schneider, A. S.; Horowitz, C. J.; Hughto, J.; Berry, D. K.

2013-12-01

281

Las dificultades de sentir: el rol de las emociones en la estigmatizaci?n del VIH/SIDA  

PubMed Central

Resumen El Virus de Inmunodeficiencia Humana (VIH) y el Síndrome de Inmunodeficiencia Adquirida (SIDA) han sido motivo de estigmatización para las personas que viven con ellos. Esta estigmatización se ha estudiado consecuentemente desde la perspectiva de opiniones de agentes estigmatizantes. Estas opiniones han obviado sistemáticamente el rol de las emociones en el proceso de estigmatización. Llevamos a cabo este estudio con el propósito de identificar el rol de las emociones en el proceso de estigmatización de las personas que viven con el virus (PVVS) por parte de profesionales de la salud. Para lograr este objetivo utilizamos un diseño exploratorio y cualitativo en el cual utilizamos la técnica de entrevistas semiestructuradas a profundidad. La muestra estuvo compuesta por 80 profesionales de la salud y estudiantes de las siguientes especialidades: psicología, trabajo social, medicina y enfermería. Los resultados reflejaron la existencia de emociones asociadas al VIH/SIDA tales como pena, lástima, compasión, asco, fobia y miedo entre los/as profesionales y estudiantes que participaron. Las personas participantes evidenciaron la necesidad de controlar sus emociones al interactuar con PVVS. Los resultados apuntan a la necesidad de explorar aquellos factores que mediatizan las emociones, tales como el contexto social en que se manifiestan y ante quiénes se revelan, para lograr entender a cabalidad el estigma que rodea al VIH/SIDA. PMID:20212916

MARZAN-RODRIGUEZ, Melissa; VARAS-DIAZ, Nelson

2009-01-01

282

An Aerial Radiological Survey of the City of North Las Vegas (Downtown) and the Motor Speedway  

SciTech Connect

As part of the proficiency training for the Radiological Mapping mission of the Aerial Measuring System (AMS), a survey team from the Remote Sensing Laboratory-Nellis (RSL-Nellis) conducted an aerial radiological survey on December 11-12, 2007, with the purpose of mapping natural radiation background and locating any man-made radioactive sources. The survey covered 19.4 square miles (9.2 square miles over the downtown area of the City of North Las Vegas and 10.2 square miles over the Las Vegas Motor Speedway [LVMS]). The flight lines over the surveyed areas are presented in Figures 1 and 2. A total of four 2.5-hour-long flights were performed at an altitude of 150 ft above ground level (AGL) with 300 ft of flight line spacing. Water line and test line flights were conducted over the Lake Mead and Government Wash areas to ensure quality control of the data. The data were collected by the AMS data acquisition system-REDAR V using an array of twelve 2-inch x 4-inch x 16-inch sodium iodide (NaI) detectors flown on-board a twin-engine Bell 412 helicopter. Data in the form of gamma energy spectra were collected continually (every second) over the course of the survey and were geo-referenced using a differential Global Positioning System. Collection of spectral data allows the system to distinguish between ordinary fluctuations in natural background radiation levels and the signature produced by man-made radioisotopes sources. Spectral data can also be used to identify specific radioactive isotopes. As a courtesy service with the approval of the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration, Nevada Site Office, RSL-Nellis is providing this summary to the office of the Mayor of City of North Las Vegas and LVMS security along with the gross counts-based exposure rate and man-made counts maps.

Piotr Wasiolek

2007-12-01

283

Nuclear fuel element  

DOEpatents

A nuclear fuel element for use in the core of a nuclear reactor is disclosed and has a composite cladding having a substrate and a metal barrier metallurgically bonded on the inside surface of the substrate so that the metal barrier forms a shield between the substrate and the nuclear fuel material held within the cladding. The metal barrier forms about 1 to about 30 percent of the thickness of the cladding and is comprised of a low neutron absorption metal of substantially pure zirconium. The metal barrier serves as a preferential reaction site for gaseous impurities and fission products and protects the substrate from contact and reaction with such impurities and fission products. The substrate of the composite cladding is selected from conventional cladding materials and preferably is a zirconium alloy. Methods of manufacturing the composite cladding are also disclosed.

Armijo, Joseph S. (Saratoga, CA); Coffin, Jr., Louis F. (Schenectady, NY)

1983-01-01

284

Nuclear fuel element  

DOEpatents

A nuclear fuel element for use in the core of a nuclear reactor is disclosed and has an improved composite cladding comprised of a moderate purity metal barrier of zirconium metallurgically bonded on the inside surface of a zirconium alloy tube. The metal barrier forms a shield between the alloy tube and a core of nuclear fuel material enclosed in the composite cladding. There is a gap between the cladding and the core. The metal barrier forms about 1 to about 30 percent of the thickness of the composite cladding and has low neutron absorption characteristics. The metal barrier serves as a preferential reaction site for gaseous impurities and fission products and protects the alloy tube from contact and reaction with such impurities and fission products. Methods of manufacturing the composite cladding are also disclosed.

Armijo, Joseph S. (Saratoga, CA); Coffin, Jr., Louis F. (Schenectady, NY)

1980-04-29

285

Nuclear Parton Distribution Functions  

E-print Network

We study nuclear effects of charged current deep inelastic neutrino-iron scattering in the framework of a chi^2 analysis of parton distribution functions (PDFs). We extract a set of iron PDFs which are used to compute x_Bj-dependent and Q^2-dependent nuclear correction factors for iron structure functions which are required in global analyses of free nucleon PDFs. We compare our results with nuclear correction factors from neutrino-nucleus scattering models and correction factors for charged-lepton--iron scattering. We find that, except for very high x_Bj, our correction factors differ in both shape and magnitude from the correction factors of the models and charged-lepton scattering.

I. Schienbein; J. Y. Yu; C. Keppel; J. G. Morfin; F. Olness; J. F. Owens

2008-12-17

286

Wastewater treatment in Las Vegas, Santa Barbara, Honduras  

E-print Network

The Municipality of Las Vegas, Honduras is located immediately to the west of Lake Yojoa, the largest inland lake in Honduras. Beginning in 2005, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) began working with stakeholders ...

Hodge, Matthew M

2008-01-01

287

University of Nevada Las Vegas School of Life Sciences  

E-print Network

University of Nevada Las Vegas School of Life Sciences Graduate Program Handbook Prepared by the School of Life Sciences Graduate Operations Committee Revised September 2011 #12;Table of Contents Page.............................................6 8) Coursework Requirements

Hemmers, Oliver

288

University of Nevada, Las Vegas CenterfortheAnalysisofCrimeStatistics  

E-print Network

in Clark County, Nevada: Evaluating a cross-jurisdictional approach to reducing gun violence FINAL.................................................................................................14 Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department Data .........................15 Calls for service .................................................................15 413--Person with a gun.........................................17 413A--Person with a knife

Hemmers, Oliver

289

Swedish nuclear waste efforts  

SciTech Connect

After the introduction of a law prohibiting the start-up of any new nuclear power plant until the utility had shown that the waste produced by the plant could be taken care of in an absolutely safe way, the Swedish nuclear utilities in December 1976 embarked on the Nuclear Fuel Safety Project, which in November 1977 presented a first report, Handling of Spent Nuclear Fuel and Final Storage of Vitrified Waste (KBS-I), and in November 1978 a second report, Handling and Final Storage of Unreprocessed Spent Nuclear Fuel (KBS II). These summary reports were supported by 120 technical reports prepared by 450 experts. The project engaged 70 private and governmental institutions at a total cost of US $15 million. The KBS-I and KBS-II reports are summarized in this document, as are also continued waste research efforts carried out by KBS, SKBF, PRAV, ASEA and other Swedish organizations. The KBS reports describe all steps (except reprocessing) in handling chain from removal from a reactor of spent fuel elements until their radioactive waste products are finally disposed of, in canisters, in an underground granite depository. The KBS concept relies on engineered multibarrier systems in combination with final storage in thoroughly investigated stable geologic formations. This report also briefly describes other activities carried out by the nuclear industry, namely, the construction of a central storage facility for spent fuel elements (to be in operation by 1985), a repository for reactor waste (to be in operation by 1988), and an intermediate storage facility for vitrified high-level waste (to be in operation by 1990). The R and D activities are updated to September 1981.

Rydberg, J.

1981-09-01

290

Nuclear propulsion systems engineering  

SciTech Connect

The Nuclear Energy for Rocket Vehicle Application (NERVA) program of the 1960`s and early 1970`s was dramatically successful, with no major failures during the entire testing program. This success was due in large part to the successful development of a systems engineering process. Systems engineering, properly implemented, involves all aspects of the system design and operation, and leads to optimization of theentire system: cost, schedule, performance, safety, reliability, function, requirements, etc. The process must be incorporated from the very first and continued to project completion. This paper will discuss major aspects of the NERVA systems engineering effort, and consider the implications for current nuclear propulsion efforts.

Madsen, W.W.; Neuman, J.E.: Van Haaften, D.H.

1992-12-31

291

Nuclear propulsion systems engineering  

SciTech Connect

The Nuclear Energy for Rocket Vehicle Application (NERVA) program of the 1960's and early 1970's was dramatically successful, with no major failures during the entire testing program. This success was due in large part to the successful development of a systems engineering process. Systems engineering, properly implemented, involves all aspects of the system design and operation, and leads to optimization of theentire system: cost, schedule, performance, safety, reliability, function, requirements, etc. The process must be incorporated from the very first and continued to project completion. This paper will discuss major aspects of the NERVA systems engineering effort, and consider the implications for current nuclear propulsion efforts.

Madsen, W.W.; Neuman, J.E.: Van Haaften, D.H.

1992-01-01

292

INTEGRAL and Nuclear Astrophysics  

E-print Network

We briefly review the fundamentals of nuclear gamma-ray line astronomy (radioactive astronomy), focusing on its role to decipher the intimate physics of supernovae, either immediatly (via $^{56}Co)$ or after a time delay (via $^{44}Ti$). All kinds of supernovae can be in principle tested through their radioactivities and their associated gamma-ray lines. Dedicated to the spectroscopy and imaging of celestial sources in the 15 keV to 10 MeV band, the ESA scientific observatory INTEGRAL will open a golden age of nuclear astrophysics in Europe

Jacques Paul; Michel Casse; Elisabeth Vangioni-Flam

2001-03-12

293

Nuclear medicine imaging system  

DOEpatents

It is an object of this invention to provide a nuclear imaging system having the versatility to do positron annihilation studies, rotating single or opposed camera gamma emission studies, and orthogonal gamma emission studies. It is a further object of this invention to provide an imaging system having the capability for orthogonal dual multipinhole tomography. It is another object of this invention to provide a nuclear imaging system in which all available energy data, as well as patient physiological data, are acquired simultaneously in list mode.

Bennett, G.W.; Brill, A.B.; Bizais, Y.J.C.; Rowe, R.W.; Zubal, I.G.

1983-03-11

294

Nuclear Systems Design Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

It might be inadvisable to build your own nuclear power plant, but for those looking to learn the basics, this OpenCourseWare course from MIT can help. This course was originally taught in the fall of 2011 by Dr. Michael Short. On the page, visitors can look over the syllabus, the course calendar, the readings, and the lecture videos and class notes. This last area is quite useful, as it contains videos and slides from talks on hydrogen and biofuel production, process heat, and the entire nuclear system design process. Additionally, the site contains links to some of the assignments for the course and information about team projects.

2011-01-01

295

Nuclear Physics Group  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website features the Nuclear Physics Group at the University of Birmingham's research related to understanding nuclei properties by studying the behavior of their constituents. Visitors can learn about the investigations undertaken by the five subgroups: Relativistic Heavy Ion Collisions, Exotic beams studies, Laser Spectroscopy of Unstable Isotopes, Positron Emission Tomography, and Nuclear Power Energy. Students and educators can discover how under high temperature and density a quark is expected to convert into a plasma phase. The website also features links to the Positron Imaging Center where visitors can learn all about the positron cameras and the physics of Positron Emission Particle Tracking. [RME

296

STRUCTURAL BIOLOGY: Nuclear Trafficking  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Access to the article is free, however registration and sign-in are required. The transcription factor SREBP-2 is a crucial component in cholesterol metabolism, switching on genes that regulate the synthesis and uptake of cholesterol. To activate these genes, SREBP-2 must be transported from the cytoplasm into the nucleus. In his Perspective, Stewart discusses an analysis of the crystal structure of SREBP-2 bound to its nuclear transport protein, importin-beta, which sheds new light on SREBP-2 nuclear transport (Lee et al.).

Murray Stewart (MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology;)

2003-11-28

297

Fast neutron nuclear reactor  

SciTech Connect

The invention relates to a fast neutron nuclear reactor of the integrated type comprising a cylindrical inner vessel. The inner vessel comprises two concentric ferrules and the connection between the hot collector defined within this vessel and the inlet port of the exchangers is brought about by a hot structure forming a heat baffle and supported by the inner ferrule and by a cold structure surrounding the hot structure, supported by the outer ferrule and sealingly connected to the exchanger. Application to the generation of electric power in nuclear power stations.

Cabrillat, M. Th.; Lions, N.

1985-01-08

298

Friction in nuclear dynamics  

SciTech Connect

The problem of dissipation in nuclear dynamics is related to the breaking down of nuclear symmetries and the transition from ordered to chaotic nucleonic motions. In the two extreme idealizations of the perfectly Ordered Regime and the fully Chaotic Regime, the nucleus should behave as an elastic solid or an overdamped fluid, respectively. In the intermediate regime a complicated visco-elastic behaviour is expected. The discussion is illustrated by a simple estimate of the frequency of the giant quadrupole resonance in the Ordered Regime and by applications of the wall and window dissipation formulae in the Chaotic Regime. 51 refs.

Swiatecki, W.J.

1985-03-01

299

Europe's nuclear power experiment  

SciTech Connect

The OECD (Dragon) Project was a joint venture of 12 European countries set up to study the development of high temperature reactor technology and whose programme included the construction of a demonstration high temperature helium cooled reactor and its eventual operation. The Project, which spanned 17 years, was widely regarded as an extremely successful excercise in international collaboration in nuclear technology. This specially commissioned work describes the international background to the launching of the Project, providing an unbiased appraisal of the industrial, technical, administrative and political aspects of the Project's development and the problems encountered, and an evaluation of the Project's significance in the general, context of nuclear power development.

Shaw, E.N.

1983-01-01

300

Focused technology: Nuclear propulsion  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The topics presented are covered in viewgraph form and include: nuclear thermal propulsion (NTP), which challenges (1) high temperature fuel and materials, (2) hot hydrogen environment, (3) test facilities, (4) safety, (5) environmental impact compliance, and (6) concept development, and nuclear electric propulsion (NEP), which challenges (1) long operational lifetime, (2) high temperature reactors, turbines, and radiators, (3) high fuel burn-up reactor fuels, and designs, (4) efficient, high temperature power conditioning, (5) high efficiency, and long life thrusters, (6) safety, (7) environmental impact compliance, and (8) concept development.

Miller, Thomas J.

1991-01-01

301

Nuclear Masses in Astrophysics  

E-print Network

Among all nuclear ground-state properties, atomic masses are highly specific for each particular combination of N and Z and the data obtained apply to a variety of physics topics. One of the most crucial questions to be addressed in mass spectrometry of unstable radionuclides is the one of understanding the processes of element formation in the Universe. To this end, accurate atomic mass values of a large number of exotic nuclei participating in nucleosynthesis are among the key input data in large-scale reaction network calculations. In this paper, a review on the latest achievements in mass spectrometry for nuclear astrophysics is given.

Christine Weber; Klaus Blaum; Hendrik Schatz

2008-12-09

302

Nuclear-bound quarkonium  

SciTech Connect

We show that the QCD van der Waals interaction due to multiple gluon exchange provides a new kind of attractive nuclear force capable of binding heavy quarkonia to nuclei. The parameters of the potential are estimated by identifying multigluon exchange with the Pomeron contributions to elastic meson-nucleon scattering. The gluonic potential is then used to study the properties of {ital c{bar c}} nuclear-bound states. In particular, we predict bound states of the {eta}{sub {ital c}} with {sup 3}He and heavier nuclei. Production modes and rates are also discussed.

Brodsky, S.J.; Schmidt, I. (Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94309 (USA)); de Teramond, G.F. (Escuela de Fisica, Universidad de Costa Rica, San Jose, Costa Rica (CR))

1990-02-26

303

Clustering in nuclear environment  

E-print Network

The properties of few-body clusters (mass number $A \\le 4$) are modified if they are immersed in a nuclear medium. In particular, Pauli blocking that reflects the antisymmetrization of the many-body wave function is responsible for the medium modification of light clusters and the dissolution with increasing density. A more consistent description is given with takes also the contribution of correlations in the continuum into account. The relation between cluster formation in warm dense matter and in nuclear structure is discussed.

G. Röpke

2014-08-12

304

Relativistic nuclear collisions: theory  

SciTech Connect

Some of the recent theoretical developments in relativistic (0.5 to 2.0-GeV/nucleon) nuclear collisions are reviewed. The statistical model, hydrodynamic model, classical equation of motion calculations, billiard ball dynamics, and intranuclear cascade models are discussed in detail. Inclusive proton and pion spectra are analyzed for a variety of reactions. Particular attention is focused on how the complex interplay of the basic reaction mechanism hinders attempts to deduce the nuclear matter equation of state from data. 102 references, 19 figures.

Gyulassy, M.

1980-07-01

305

Managing nuclear operations  

SciTech Connect

This book seeks to remedy the neglect of nuclear operations as a major flaw in the prevailing understanding of security. It aims to make the operational terrain at least more familiar if not much firmer. It describes the instruments involved in nuclear operations - the sensors, communications links, and command centers that form the physical network as well as the plans, procedures, organizations, and widely shared assumptions that allow the parts to work together coherently. The book as a whole seeks more to pose fundamental issues of operations management than to give definitive answers. It promotes no particular policy and makes no recommendations.

Carter, A.B.; Steinbruner, J.D.; Zraket, C.A.

1987-01-01

306

Managing the nuclear utility  

SciTech Connect

The Florida Power and Light Company (FP and L) is the fifth largest investor-owned utility in the country. The success of nuclear power generation at the St. Lucie Units 1 and 2 and Turkey Point Units 3 and 4 has resulted from a continuing management commitment to the nuclear program. The management of the power plants rely strongly on teamwork for most large projects and activities whether they entail plant operation, construction, or maintenance. Various examples of how teamwork has been used to realize the successful completion of projects or solutions to problems are given.

Williams, J.W. Jr.

1985-11-01

307

Visualizing Large Datasets with LAS and Google Earth  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As experiments and simulations in Earth System Science grow larger and more complex, dataset volumes are growing explosively. Web-based visualization and analysis of these datasets is becoming a challenge due to large amount of data and the limit of network bandwidth. The Live Access Server (LAS) is a highly configurable Web server designed to provide flexible access to visualization and analysis products generated from geo- referenced scientific datasets. In this presentation, we introduce a new capability of LAS for interactively visualizing large datasets by utilizing the view-based refresh queries of Google Earth and the automatic decimation ("striding") capabilities of Ferret. When viewing a high resolution dataset on a global scale it is wasteful of bandwidth to handle the full resolution data. With the striding capability, Ferret selects every nth point along an axis, where n is the striding value. The striding values are dynamically computed based upon the size of the area of interest. The automatic striding approach minimizes the volume of data that need be touched to visualize a large geographic area. Higher resolutions are utilized for smaller areas to reveal the fine structures. The LAS provides this behavior using Google Earth as the user interface. As users zoom or pan on Google Earth, Google Earth interacts with LAS through a Network Link, which contains the URL of a LAS server. When the view inside Google Earth stops for a set number of seconds, it makes a request to a LAS server, sending the LAS server the latitude and longitude boundaries (bounding box) of the area currently in view. The LAS server uses that information to compute stride values, instruct Ferret to generate a visualization for that particular geographic area, and send the resulting image back to Google Earth.

Li, J.; Schweitzer, R.; Hankin, S.; Manke, A.; O'Brien, K.

2007-12-01

308

Agresin Sexual Derechos de las Vctimas y Servicios Disponibles  

E-print Network

Agresión Sexual Derechos de las Víctimas y Servicios Disponibles Las víctimas necesitan soporte y llamando al No. 1-800-226-6667. Víctimas de delitos sexuales tienen varios derechos, muchos de ellos están contenidos en el Capítulo 960, Estatutos de la Florida, incluyendo el derecho de: · Mantener la información

Sura, Philip

309

Modeling of Nonpoint Source Pollution in the Las Vegas Valley  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The point sources of pollution (including wastewater treatment plants) within urban areas are well known. However, the contribution of nonpoint source pollution to receiving waterbodies is not as well understood. In this study, the contributions of nonpoint source runoff is evaluated and compared to the loadings from the wastewater treatment facilities in the Las Vegas Valley of southern Nevada. The entire Las Vegas Valley watershed (approximately 2300 square miles) drains to Lake Mead on the Colorado River. Lake Mead is also the main source of drinking water for Las Vegas. Thus, any runoff generated from the Las Vegas Valley could potentially have adverse impact to this drinking water source. A GIS grid based model is developed to calculate total annual nonpoint nutrients and total solid loads from the Las Vegas Valley. The watershed is subdivided and loads are estimated for all land uses. GIS is used to calculate these loads for each grid cell and then ArcView GIS tools are used to track the accumulation of pollutant loads in the storm channel network. This study uses current data obtained from Clark County GIS Management Office and Clark County Regional Flood Control District. The results of this study will assist local and State agencies in developing Total Maximum Daily Loads for the Las Vegas Wash and provide a better understanding of nonpoint source pollution.

Reginato, M.; Piechota, T. C.

2001-12-01

310

Determining Factors Influencing Nuclear Envelope and Nuclear Pore Complex Structure.  

E-print Network

The cell’s nuclear envelope (NE) has pores that are stabilized by nuclear pore complexes (NPC), large proteinaceous structures whose function is to mediate transport between the nucleus and cytoplasm. Although the transport process is well studied...

Gouni, Sushanth

2013-02-04

311

Safety culture in the nuclear versus non-nuclear organization  

SciTech Connect

The importance of safety culture in the safe and reliable operation of nuclear organizations is not a new concept. The greatest barriers to this area of research are twofold: (1) the definition and criteria of safety culture for a nuclear organization and (2) the measurement of those attributes in an objective and systematic fashion. This paper will discuss a proposed resolution of those barriers as demonstrated by the collection of data across nuclear and non-nuclear facilities over a two year period.

Haber, S.B.; Shurberg, D.A.

1996-10-01

312

Nuclear effects in Neutrino Nuclear Cross-sections  

E-print Network

Nuclear effects in the quasielastic and inelastic scattering of neutrinos(antineutrinos) from nuclear targets have been studied. The calculations are done in the local density approximation which take into account the effect of nucleon motion as well as renormalisation of weak transition strengths in the nuclear medium. The inelastic reaction leading to production of pions is calculated in a $\\Delta$ dominance model taking into account the renormalization of $\\Delta$ properties in the nuclear medium.

S. K. Singh; M. Sajjad Athar

2007-10-24

313

Weak nuclear forces cause the strong nuclear force  

E-print Network

We determine the strength of the weak nuclear force which holds the lattices of the elementary particles together. We also determine the strength of the strong nuclear force which emanates from the sides of the nuclear lattices. The strong force is the sum of the unsaturated weak forces at the surface of the nuclear lattices. The strong force is then about ten to the power of 6 times stronger than the weak force between two lattice points.

E. L. Koschmieder

2007-12-11

314

Nuclear effects in Neutrino Nuclear Cross-sections  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear effects in the quasielastic and inelastic scattering of neutrinos(antineutrinos) from nuclear targets have been studied. The calculations are done in the local density approximation which take into account the effect of nucleon motion as well as renormalisation of weak transition strengths in the nuclear medium. The inelastic reaction leading to production of pions is calculated in a {delta} dominance model taking into account the renormalization of {delta} properties in the nuclear medium.

Singh, S. K.; Athar, M. Sajjad [Department of Physics, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh-202 002 (India)

2008-02-21

315

Weak Nuclear Forces cause the Strong Nuclear Force  

SciTech Connect

We determine the strength of the weak nuclear force which holds the lattices of the elementary particles together. We also determine the strength of the strong nuclear force which emanates from the sides of the nuclear lattices. The strong force is the sum of the unsaturated weak forces at the surface of the lattices.

Koschmieder, E. L. [Center for Statistical Mechanics, University of Texas at Austin, Austin TX 78712 (United States)

2008-05-29

316

Nuclear Science Research Facilities Nuclear Science User Guide  

E-print Network

LANSCE User Guide Nuclear Science Research Facilities #12;#12;Nuclear Science User Guide Table techniques 8 Nuclear Science User Program 11 Proposal Process 13 Information for Prospective Users 14 disciplines and institutions in the U.S. and abroad. As described below, our proposal process provides access

317

Nuclear testing: Executive summary  

SciTech Connect

The authors have examined the experimental and analytic bases for understanding the performance of each of the weapon types that are currently planned to remain in the US enduring nuclear stockpile. They have also examined whether continued underground tests at various nuclear yield thresholds would add significantly to the confidence in this stockpile in the years ahead. The starting point for this examination was a detailed review of past experience in developing and testing modern nuclear weapons, their certification and recertification processes, their performance margins, and evidence of aging or other trends over time for each weapon type in the enduring stockpile. The findings, as summarized in Conclusions 1 through 6, are consistent with US agreement to enter into a Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) of unending duration, that includes a standard ``supreme national interest`` clause. Recognizing that the challenge of maintaining an effective nuclear stockpile for an indefinite period without benefit of underground tests is an important and also a new one, the US should affirm its readiness to invoke the supreme national interest clause should the need arise as a result of unanticipated technical problems in the enduring stockpile.

Drell, S.; Cornwall, J.; Dyson, F. [and others

1995-08-01

318

Nuclear Surface Oscillations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The extreme shell model of the nucleus is extended by allowing the last odd nucleon to interact with collective modes of motion of the even-even nuclear core. The interaction between a nucleon and the surface oscillations of the core was given by Bohr and is employed here with a Fock space representation for the core excitation. Because of the interaction

A. K. Kerman

1953-01-01

319

Control of nuclear reactors  

SciTech Connect

In a coupling system for a nuclear reactor control rod and control rod drive, said coupling system being selectively uncouplable by an uncoupling rod, a system of passages for exercising a countervailing force on the uncoupling rod to prevent inadvertent uncoupling during scram.

Fischer, L. E.; Bean, J. E.

1985-06-04

320

Alternative nuclear technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The lead times required to develop a select group of nuclear fission reactor types and fuel cycles to the point of readiness for full commercialization are compared. Along with lead times, fuel material requirements and comparative costs of producing electric power were estimated. A conservative approach and consistent criteria for all systems were used in estimates of the steps required

E. Schubert

1981-01-01

321

Nuclear lamins and neurobiology.  

PubMed

Much of the work on nuclear lamins during the past 15 years has focused on mutations in LMNA (the gene for prelamin A and lamin C) that cause particular muscular dystrophy, cardiomyopathy, partial lipodystrophy, and progeroid syndromes. These disorders, often called "laminopathies," mainly affect mesenchymal tissues (e.g., striated muscle, bone, and fibrous tissue). Recently, however, a series of papers have identified important roles for nuclear lamins in the central nervous system. Studies of knockout mice uncovered a key role for B-type lamins (lamins B1 and B2) in neuronal migration in the developing brain. Also, duplications of LMNB1 (the gene for lamin B1) have been shown to cause autosome-dominant leukodystrophy. Finally, recent studies have uncovered a peculiar pattern of nuclear lamin expression in the brain. Lamin C transcripts are present at high levels in the brain, but prelamin A expression levels are very low-due to regulation of prelamin A transcripts by microRNA 9. This form of prelamin A regulation likely explains why "prelamin A diseases" such as Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome spare the central nervous system. In this review, we summarize recent progress in elucidating links between nuclear lamins and neurobiology. PMID:24842906

Young, Stephen G; Jung, Hea-Jin; Lee, John M; Fong, Loren G

2014-08-01

322

Nuclear Reactions Some Basics  

E-print Network

Q in a reaction ­ Definition: Q = masses BEFORE the reaction ­ masses AFTER the reaction ­ Example: e + 3He e + p + d: Q = (Me + M3He) - (Me + Mp + Md) ­ Q may be >0 (exothermic) or ?) measurements made in a nuclear physics lab experiment. #12;Formal Definition of Cross Section · Consider a beam

Gilfoyle, Jerry

323

Nuclear thermal propulsion  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document is presented in viewgraph form, and the topics covered include the following: (1) the direct fission-thermal propulsion process; (2) mission applications of direct fission-thermal propulsion; (3) nuclear engines for rocket vehicles; (4) manned mars landers; and (5) particle bed reactor design.

Bennett, Gary L.

1991-01-01

324

THE NUCLEAR SHIP CONTROVERSY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Plans for the development of a nuclear-powered merchant ship in Britain ; are discussed. Both boiling-water and pressurized-water reactors were considered ; and the designs are described. Objections to the package reactor concept, ; comments on the brittleness of irradiated steel, and questions on the possibility ; of salt water getting into the reactor system are answered. Economic issues are

1963-01-01

325

Chiral nuclear thermodynamics  

E-print Network

We calculate the equation of state of nuclear matter for arbitrary isospin-asymmetry up to three loop order in the free energy density in the framework of in-medium chiral perturbation theory. In our approach 1\\pi- and 2\\pi-exchange dynamics with the inclusion of the \\Delta-isobar excitation as an explicit degree of freedom, corresponding to the long- and intermediate-range correlations, are treated explicitly. Few contact terms fixed to reproduce selected known properties of nuclear matter encode the short-distance physics. Two-body as well as three-body forces are systematically included. We find a critical temperature of about 15 MeV for symmetric nuclear matter. We investigate the dependence of the liquid-gas first-order phase transition on isospin-asymmetry. In the same chiral framework we calculate the chiral condensate of isospin-symmetric nuclear matter at finite temperatures. The contribution of the \\Delta-isobar excitation is essential for stabilizing the condensate. As a result, we find no indication of a chiral phase transition for densities \\rho \\lesssim 2 \\rho_0 and at temperatures T \\lesssim 100 MeV.

Salvatore Fiorilla; Norbert Kaiser; Wolfram Weise

2011-11-15

326

Nuclear reprogramming and pluripotency  

Microsoft Academic Search

The cloning of mammals from differentiated donor cells has refuted the old dogma that development is an irreversible process. It has demonstrated that the oocyte can reprogramme an adult nucleus into an embryonic state that can direct development of a new organism. The prospect of deriving patient-specific embryonic stem cells by nuclear transfer underscores the potential use of this technology

Konrad Hochedlinger; Rudolf Jaenisch

2006-01-01

327

Nuclear fuel reprocessing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel is a relatively simple, well-developed, and successful technology. Large, expensive reprocessing facilities are in use, principally in the UK and France, and are under construction in Japan and the CIS. As in most industrial processes, the viability of the process depends on the usefulness of its function and products, operational costs, and the economics of

Foreman

1992-01-01

328

Nuclear field theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

By using path integral techniques nuclear field theory (NFT) is developed for Fermi systems interacting via a general two-body force. The NFT Lagrangian is strictly derived. As a by-product, the corresponding graphical rules are obtained. The relation between the NFT and the conventional Feynman diagrammatic many-body perturbation theory is established for processes connecting initial and final states, too.

H. Reinhardt

1978-01-01

329

Nuclear Power Plants  

MedlinePLUS

... from the release of radioactive material from the plant into the environment, usually characterized by a plume (cloud-like formation) ... to plan and prepare for a nuclear power plant emergency and learn about available resources by visiting the ... Protection Agency Listen to Local Officials Learn about ...

330

Second Nuclear Era  

SciTech Connect

The Institute for Energy Analysis with support from The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation has studied the decline of the present nuclear era in the United States and the characteristics of a Second Nuclear Era which might be instrumental in restoring nuclear power to an appropriate place in the energy options of our country. The study has determined that reactors operating today are much safer than they were at the time of the TMI accident. A number of concepts for a supersafe reactor were reviewed and at least two were found that show considerable promise, the PIUS, a Swedish pressurized water design, and a gas-cooled modular design of German and US origin. Although new, safer, incrementally improved, conventional reactors are under study by the nuclear industry, the complete lack of new orders in the United States will slow their introduction and they are likely to be more expensive than present designs. The study recommends that supersafe reactors be taken seriously and that federal and private funds both be used to design and, if feasible, to build a prototype reactor of substantial size. 146 references, 8 figures, 2 tables.

Weinberg, A.M.; Spiewak, I.; Barkenbus, J.N.; Livingston, R.S.; Phung, D.L.

1984-03-01

331

Nuclear proliferation: who's next  

SciTech Connect

Unsettling developments in the past 18 months could lead to nuclear competition and terrorism in the world's least-stable regions. US efforts to stop the proliferation of nuclear weapons seem ineffective in view of such unsettling developments, especially among the states whose programs are most advanced. The task is more difficult than it was a decade ago. Then the policy of export restraint on the part of nuclear supplier countries formed the basis for a unified strategy that helped retard proliferation across the board. Today each country on the nuclear threshold must be addressed individually, taking into account its unique regional concerns and its particular relations with the US. If there is a unifying thread to US efforts to stop proliferation, it is that these have become increasingly political and diplomatic. In such a setting it is all the more important to make nonproliferation a top priority on the US foreign policy agenda. Unfortunately, other concerns have eclipsed nonproliferation in the recent past. The effect of that neglect is increasingly evident. 9 references, 1 figure, 1 table.

Spector, L.S.

1987-05-01

332

Nuclear Power in Japan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Energy consumption in Japan has grown at a faster rate than in any other major industrial country. To maintain continued prosperity, the government has embarked on a crash program for nuclear power. Current progress and issues/reactions to the plan are discussed. (JN)

Powell, John W.

1983-01-01

333

Nuclear envelope Plasma membrane  

E-print Network

p JAKP LMB NPC Nuclear envelope Plasma membrane crm1 NF- B NF-B Stattic STAT3 A STAT3-decoy to co-immunoprecipitate with importin. Leptomycin B and vanadate both trap STAT3 in the nucleus potential of STAT3-decoy ODN as a reagent and to STAT3 nucleo-cytoplasmic shuttling in tumor cells

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

334

Shadowing in nuclear photoabsorption  

Microsoft Academic Search

Shadowing in nuclear photoabsorption is studied using a generalised vector dominance model, and the simplifying assumptions of previous calculations shown to be inadequate. Less shadowing is found than hitherto, with possible anti-shadowing indicated for x' >~ 0.07. The results are compatible with experiment within the substantial systematic errors.

P. Ditsas; G. Shaw

1976-01-01

335

Beloyarsk Nuclear Power Plant  

SciTech Connect

The Beloyarsk Nuclear Power Plant (BNPP) is located in Zarechny, approximately 60 km east of Ekaterinberg along the Trans-Siberian Highway. Zarechny, a small city of approximately 30,000 residents, was built to support BNPP operations. It is a closed city to unescorted visitors. Residents must show identification for entry. BNPP is one of the first and oldest commercial nuclear power plants in Russia and began operations in 1964. As for most nuclear power plants in the Russian Federation, BNPP is operated by Rosenergoatom, which is subordinated to the Ministry of Atomic Energy of the Russian Federation (Minatom). BNPP is the site of three nuclear reactors, Units 1, 2, and 3. Units 1 and 2, which have been shut-down and defueled, were graphite moderated reactors. The units were shut-down in 1981 and 1989. Unit 3, a BN-600 reactor, is a 600 MW(electric) sodium-cooled fast breeder reactor. Unit 3 went on-line in April 1980 and produces electric power which is fed into a distribution grid and thermal power which provides heat to Zarechny. The paper also discusses the SF NIKIET, the Sverdiovsk Branch of NIKIET, Moscow, which is the research and development branch of the parent NIKEIT and is primarily a design institute responsible for reactor design. Central to its operations is a 15 megawatt IVV research reactor. The paper discusses general security and fissile material control and accountability at these two facilities.

NONE

1997-08-01

336

Washington: Hanford Nuclear Reservation  

... area around the Hanford Nuclear Reservation near Richland, Washington. On June 27, 2000, a fire in the dry sagebrush was sparked by an ... Pasadena, CA, for NASA's Science Mission Directorate, Washington, D.C. The Terra spacecraft is managed by NASA's Goddard Space Flight ...

2014-05-15

337

Nuclear proliferation beyond rogues  

Microsoft Academic Search

What specific concerns could lead a state to reconsider nuclear abstinence? Of the ten dynamics listed here, the author concludes that the most worrisome single dimension associated with potential proliferation is the new and pervasive extent of U.S. influence.

Kurt M. Campbell

2002-01-01

338

Viewpoints on Nuclear Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Committee on the Present Danger, Inc., the Committee of Atomic Bomb Survivors in the United States, the World Friendship Center in Hiroshima, two authors, physics and education professors, an English and history teacher, and a high school student comment on nuclear education. (RM)

Social Education, 1983

1983-01-01

339

Solutions of Nuclear Pairing  

E-print Network

We give the exact solution of orbit dependent nuclear pairing problem between two non-degenerate energy levels using the Bethe ansatz technique. Our solution reduces to previously solved cases in the appropriate limits including Richardson's treatment of reduced pairing in terms of rational Gaudin algebra operators.

A. B. Balantekin; Y. Pehlivan

2007-10-21

340

Siting nuclear power plants  

Microsoft Academic Search

The first edition of this journal is devoted to the policies and problems of siting nuclear power plants and the question of how far commercial reactors should be placed from urban areas. The article is divided into four major siting issues: policies, risk evaluation, accident consequences, and economic and physical constraints. One concern is how to treat currently operating reactors

J. Yellin; P. L. Joskow

2009-01-01

341

A nuclear magnetometer  

Microsoft Academic Search

The basic principles of the nuclear free precession magnetometer are briefly described, and full details given of the coils, switching circuits and transistorized amplifying equipment of such a magnetometer. Accuracy of absolute measurement of the earth's total field is ±10 ?G, and even better when only relative measurements are required. Setting-up of the instrument, which requires no calibration, and taking

G. S. Waters; P. D. Francis

1958-01-01

342

Nuclear weapons testing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author examines the history of efforts to ban, or at least constrain, nuclear tests. The issue has been marked by shifts in attitude by the superpowers in recent times. The Reagan Administration sees a comprehensive test ban only as a very long-term goal for the U.S. The Soviets, on the other hand, have been pushing extremely hard lately for

Heylin

1988-01-01

343

Nuclear doctrine and rationality  

Microsoft Academic Search

The high destructiveness and relative low cost of nuclear weapons for the US and Soviet Union have helped to maintain parity even though the strategic forces differ. Assured destruction means that political and diplomatic means combined with good luck are needed to avoid a catastrophe unless the weapons are eliminated. Disagreeing with the opinions of national leaders, the authors point

G. Rathjens; J. Ruina

2009-01-01

344

Nuclear Lipid Signaling  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The eukaryotic nucleus is surrounded by a double membrane that can be regarded as a part of the endoplasmic reticulum, albeit a specialized part, so it is no particular surprise that lipids are present in nuclei, and that these can change under some conditions. However, what is surprising to many people is that if the nuclear membrane is removed by detergents, there is still a considerable amount of lipid left, and a large number of lipid-synthesizing and metabolizing enzymes. These enzymes are undoubtedly intranuclear, and cannot be discounted as arising from contamination with other cellular fractions. The best characterized of these enzymes are the components of a nuclear polyphosphoinositide cycle that generates phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate [PIP2 or PtdIns(4,5)P2]. This PIP2 can in turn be hydrolyzed to diacylglycerol by a phospholipase C (PI-PLC) that is regulated separately from the "classic" plasma membrane PI-PLC. This nuclear diacylglycerol can recruit protein kinase C to the nucleus to phosphorylate substrates (mostly) as yet unidentified. However, that cycle is only the tip of the iceberg, and more and more lipid signaling pathways and players are being implicated as existing within the nucleus. This is a large and confusing literature. This review focuses on the main issues critically assesses the best evidence for what is and is not truly nuclear lipid signaling, and for what such signaling may or may not do.

Robin Irvine (University of Cambridge;Department of Pharmacology REV)

2000-09-05

345

Nuclear Lipid Signaling  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The eukaryotic nucleus is surrounded by a double membrane that can be regarded as a specialized part of the endoplasmic reticulum, so it is no surprise that lipids are present in nuclei, and that these can change under some conditions. However, what is surprising is that if the nuclear membrane is removed by detergents, there remains a considerable amount of lipid and lipid-synthesizing and metabolizing enzymes. These enzymes are undoubtedly intranuclear, and they cannot be discounted as arising from contamination with other cellular fractions. The best characterized of these enzymes are the components of a nuclear polyphosphoinositide cycle that generates phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate [PtdIns(4,5)P2]. This PtdIns(4,5)P2 can in turn be hydrolyzed to diacylglycerol (DAG) by a phospholipase C (PI-PLC) that is regulated separately from the "classic" plasma membrane PI-PLC. This nuclear DAG can recruit protein kinase C from the cytoplasm to the nucleus to phosphorylate substrates, most of which are still unidentified. However, that cycle is only the tip of the iceberg, and more lipid signaling pathways and players are being implicated as existing within the nucleus. This is a large and confusing literature. This review focuses on the main issues and critically assesses the best evidence for what is and is not truly nuclear lipid signaling, and for what such signaling may or may not do.

Robin F. Irvine (University of Cambridge;Department of Pharmacology REV)

2002-09-17

346

Restructuring nuclear regulations.  

PubMed

Nuclear regulations are a subset of social regulations (laws to control activities that may negatively impact the environment, health, and safety) that concern control of ionizing radiation from radiation-producing equipment and from radioactive materials. The impressive safety record among nuclear technologies is due, in no small part, to the work of radiation safety professionals and to a protection system that has kept pace with the rapid technologic advancements in electric power generation, engineering, and medicine. The price of success, however, has led to a regulatory organization and philosophy characterized by complexity, confusion, public fear, and increasing economic costs. Over the past 20 years, regulatory costs in the nuclear sector have increased more than 250% in constant 1995 U.S. dollars. Costs of regulatory compliance can be reduced sharply, particularly when health and environmental benefits of risk reduction are questionable. Three key regulatory areas should be closely examined and modified to improve regulatory effectiveness and efficiency: a) radiation protection should be changed from a risk-based to dose-based system; b) the U.S. government should adopt the modern metric system (International System of Units), and radiation quantities and units should be simplified to facilitate international communication and public understanding; and c) a single, independent office is needed to coordinate nuclear regulations established by U.S. federal agencies and departments. PMID:12515683

Mossman, Kenneth L

2003-01-01

347

Cost of nuclear power  

Microsoft Academic Search

A seminar was held by the Scientists' Institute for Public Information (SIPI) to discuss projected economic dislocations in industry and society that can only be avoided by resolving energy problems. Uncertainties of our energy future and the small margin for error in the nuclear power program were stressed. Domestic reserves of uranium will last about 14 years and will become

McCaull

1976-01-01

348

Producing Nuclear Power  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a potential crisis looming related to the world's need for energy. On the one hand, energy demands are growing every day, and could double by 2050. On the other hand, burning of traditional fossil fuels to generate electricity is contributing to the increase in greenhouse gases. Would it be advisable to increase the number of nuclear…

Childress, Vincent W.

2010-01-01

349

Somatic cell nuclear transfer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cloning by nuclear transfer from adult somatic cells is a remarkable demonstration of developmental plasticity. When a nucleus is placed in oocyte cytoplasm, the changes in chromatin structure that govern differentiation can be reversed, and the nucleus can be made to control development to term.

I. Wilmut; N. Beaujean; P. A. de Sousa; A. Dinnyes; T. J. King; L. A. Paterson; D. N. Wells; L. E. Young

2002-01-01

350

Nuclear Radiation Damages Minds!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Professors Ernest Sternglass (University of Pittsburgh) and Steven Bell (Berry College) have assembled cogent, conclusive evidence indicating that nuclear radiation is associated with impaired cognition. They suggest that Scholastic Aptitude Scores (SATs), which have declined steadily for 19 years, will begin to rise. Their prediction is based on…

Blai, Boris, Jr.

351

Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing  

SciTech Connect

Reprocessing is essential to closing nuclear fuel cycle. Natural uranium contains only 0.7 percent 235U, the fissile (see glossary for technical terms) isotope that produces most of the fission energy in a nuclear power plant. Prior to being used in commercial nuclear fuel, uranium is typically enriched to 3–5% in 235U. If the enrichment process discards depleted uranium at 0.2 percent 235U, it takes more than seven tonnes of uranium feed to produce one tonne of 4%-enriched uranium. Nuclear fuel discharged at the end of its economic lifetime contains less one percent 235U, but still more than the natural ore. Less than one percent of the uranium that enters the fuel cycle is actually used in a single pass through the reactor. The other naturally occurring isotope, 238U, directly contributes in a minor way to power generation. However, its main role is to transmute into plutoniumby neutron capture and subsequent radioactive decay of unstable uraniumand neptuniumisotopes. 239Pu and 241Pu are fissile isotopes that produce more than 40% of the fission energy in commercially deployed reactors. It is recovery of the plutonium (and to a lesser extent the uranium) for use in recycled nuclear fuel that has been the primary focus of commercial reprocessing. Uraniumtargets irradiated in special purpose reactors are also reprocessed to obtain the fission product 99Mo, the parent isotope of technetium, which is widely used inmedical procedures. Among the fission products, recovery of such expensive metals as platinum and rhodium is technically achievable, but not economically viable in current market and regulatory conditions. During the past 60 years, many different techniques for reprocessing used nuclear fuel have been proposed and tested in the laboratory. However, commercial reprocessing has been implemented along a single line of aqueous solvent extraction technology called plutonium uranium reduction extraction process (PUREX). Similarly, hundreds of types of reactor fuels have been irradiated for different purposes, but the vast majority of commercial fuel is uranium oxide clad in zirconium alloy tubing. As a result, commercial reprocessing plants have relatively narrow technical requirements for used nuclear that is accepted for processing.

Harold F. McFarlane; Terry Todd

2013-11-01

352

The Nuclear Debate in Film  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides a nuclear film bibliography grouped into the areas of: building and using the bomb; living with the bomb; and living with nuclear power. These films are for mature high school students and older. (MLH)

Dowling, John

1977-01-01

353

American Society of Nuclear Cardiology  

MedlinePLUS

... The 20th Annual Scientific Session of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology will be held on September ... Terms of Use | Privacy Policy © 2011-2014 American Society of Nuclear Cardiology 4340 East-West Highway, Suite ...

354

Adventures in scientific nuclear diplomacy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A former director of Los Alamos National Laboratory offers a first-person perspective on the important contributions scientists can make toward improving the safety and security of nuclear materials and reducing the global nuclear dangers in an evolving world.

Hecker, Siegfried S.

2014-05-01

355

Psychoanalysis and the nuclear threat  

SciTech Connect

{ital Psychoanalysis and the Nuclear Threat} provides coverage of the dynamic and clinical considerations that follow from life in the nuclear age. Of special clinical interest are chapters dealing with the developmental consequences of the nuclear threat in childhood, adolescence, and adulthood, and those exploring the technical issues raised by the occurrence in analytic and psychotherapeutic hours of material related to the nuclear threat. Additional chapters bring a psychoanalytic perspective to bear on such issues as the need to have enemies, silence as the real crime, love, work, and survival in the nuclear age, the relationship of the nuclear threat to issues of mourning and melancholia, apocalyptic fantasies, the paranoid process, considerations of the possible impact of gender on the nuclear threat, and the application of psychoanalytic thinking to nuclear arms strategy. Finally, the volume includes the first case report in the English language---albeit a brief psychotherapy---involving the treatment of a Hiroshima survivor.

Levine, H.B.; Jacobs, D.; Rubin, L.J.

1988-01-01

356

Nuclear thermal propulsion program overview  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Nuclear thermal propulsion program is described. The following subject areas are covered: lunar and Mars missions; national space policy; international cooperation in space exploration; propulsion technology; nuclear rocket program; and budgeting.

Bennett, Gary L.

1991-01-01

357

A Career in Nuclear Energy  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear chemist Dr. Marsha Lambregts talks about the Center for Advanced Energy Studies and the benefits of a nuclear energy career. For more information about careers at INL, visit http://www.facebook.com/idahonationallaboratory.

Lambregts, Marsha

2009-01-01

358

Nuclear Proliferation and Grand Challenges  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear engineer Dr. Kathy McCarthy leads systems analysis. She talks about proliferation and the grand challenges of nuclear R&D. For more information about INL energy research, visit http://www.facebook.com/idahonationallaboratory.

McCarthy, Kathy

2009-01-01

359

Nuclear Proliferation and Grand Challenges  

ScienceCinema

Nuclear engineer Dr. Kathy McCarthy leads systems analysis. She talks about proliferation and the grand challenges of nuclear R&D. For more information about INL energy research, visit http://www.facebook.com/idahonationallaboratory.

McCarthy, Kathy

2013-05-28

360

Nuclear Structure and Chromosome Evolution  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Powerpoint slides for two classes, the first on principles of nuclear structure, and the second on chromosome evolution in the context of nuclear structure, segmental duplications, and other mechanisms that permit chromosome evolution.

Dr. Lindsay Shopland (The Jackson Laboratory)

2010-05-19

361

Nuclear Radiation and the Thyroid  

MedlinePLUS

... American Thyroid Association website at www.thyroid.org . Nuclear Radiation and the Thyroid Color Brochure for Saving and Printing (PDF File, 732KB) Nuclear Radiation and the Thyroid Black and White Brochure for ...

362

A perspective on nuclear waste.  

PubMed

The management of spent nuclear fuel and high-level nuclear waste has the deserved reputation as one of the most intractable policy issues facing the United States and other nations using nuclear reactors for electric power generation. This paper presents the author's perspective on this complex issue, based on a decade of service with the Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board and Board on Radioactive Waste Management of the National Research Council. PMID:10765433

North, D W

1999-08-01

363

Nuclear Propulsion in Space (1968)  

ScienceCinema

Project NERVA was an acronym for Nuclear Engine for Rocket Vehicle Application, a joint program of the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission and NASA managed by the Space Nuclear Propulsion Office (SNPO) at the Nuclear Rocket Development Station in Jackass Flats, Nevada U.S.A. Between 1959 and 1972, the Space Nuclear Propulsion Office oversaw 23 reactor tests, both the program and the office ended at the end of 1972.

None

2014-06-17

364

75 FR 3755 - Notice of Availability of Draft Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement for the Upper Las...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...adjustments to the Upper Las Vegas Wash Conservation Transfer...in the 2004 Final Las Vegas Valley Disposal Boundary...northern portion of the Las Vegas Valley. A defined final boundary...natural functioning of the wash, and endemic plants...

2010-01-22

365

78 FR 50458 - Entergy Nuclear Operations, Inc., James A. Fitzpatrick Nuclear Power Plant, Vermont Yankee...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NRC-2013-0192] Entergy Nuclear Operations, Inc., James A. Fitzpatrick Nuclear Power Plant, Vermont Yankee Nuclear Power Station, Pilgrim Nuclear Power Station, Request for Action AGENCY: Nuclear Regulatory Commission. ACTION:...

2013-08-19

366

77 FR 35080 - Entergy Nuclear Operations, Inc., Pilgrim Nuclear Power Station; Record of Decision and Issuance...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Nuclear Operations, Inc., Pilgrim Nuclear Power Station; Record of Decision and...the operator of the Pilgrim Nuclear Power Station (PNPS). Renewed facility...Nuclear Plants Regarding Pilgrim Nuclear Power Station,'' dated July...

2012-06-12

367

77 FR 76541 - Entergy Nuclear Operations, Inc.; Pilgrim Nuclear Power Station  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Operations, Inc.; Pilgrim Nuclear Power Station AGENCY: Nuclear Regulatory...operation of the Pilgrim Nuclear Power Station (Pilgrim), located...Plants Regarding Pilgrim Nuclear Power Station, Final Report- Appendices...Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Richard V. Guzman, Senior...

2012-12-28

368

U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission: What Is Nuclear Energy?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a web page for secondary students designed to acquaint them with the basics of nuclear energy, nuclear reactors, dangers of radiation, and radioactive waste. It is easy to read, and filled with age-appropriate diagrams, photos, and illustrations of reactors, waste disposal facilities, and nuclear containment vessels. It would be a solid addition to a unit on nuclear reactions and/or impacts to society of nuclear energy generation. This resource is part of the NRC's free library of teaching resources. See Related Materials for a link to the full collection.

2011-07-22

369

Neutrino Nuclear Responses For Neutrino Studies In Nuclear Femto Laboratories  

SciTech Connect

Neutrinos are key particles for particle and astro-nuclear physics. Majorana neutrino masses and phases, solar and supernova neutrino productions and oscillations, and neutrino nuclear synthesis and fundamental weak interactions are well studied in nuclei as femto laboratories. Here neutrino nuclear responses are crucial for the neutrino studies. This reports briefly experimental studies of neutrino nuclear responses, charge exchange reactions on Ga to study nuclear responses for solar and {sup 51}Cr neutrinos, and {beta}{sup +} neutrino responses for {beta}{beta}-{nu} matrix elements and astro {nu} interactions by photon and muon probes.

Ejiri, H. [Research Center for Nuclear Physics, Osaka University, Osaka 567-0047, Japan and Nuclear Science, Czech Technical University, Brehova, Prague (Czech Republic)

2011-12-16

370

Nuclear technology transfer to China  

Microsoft Academic Search

China has severe power shortages and considerable nuclear expertise available from its military programs. These factors led to great expectations of how fast its nuclear power program might expand. The U.S. recently implemented a controversial nuclear cooperation agreement with China, permitting U.S. companies to compete if this market reopens. The major concern over the agreement was that in the past

1987-01-01

371

Nuclear nonproliferation strategy in Asia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The most immediate danger of a further spread of nuclear weapons in Asia is in South Asia, where both India and Pakistan have developed the means of producing nuclear explosive materials. In East Asia, North Korea appears to be in the early stages of a weapon-related nuclear program, and before the end of the century South Korea or Taiwan could

1989-01-01

372

Game Imaging Meets Nuclear Reality  

ScienceCinema

At Los Alamos National Laboratory, a team of artists and animators, nuclear engineers and computer scientists is teaming to provide 3-D models of nuclear facilities to train IAEA safeguards inspectors and others who need fast familiarity with specific nuclear sites.

Michel, Kelly; Watkins, Adam

2014-08-12

373

Overview paper on nuclear power  

SciTech Connect

This paper was prepared as an input to ORNL's Strategic Planning Activity, ORNL National Energy Perspective (ONEP). It is intended to provide historical background on nuclear power, an analysis of the mission of nuclear power, a discussion of the issues, the technology choices, and the suggestion of a strategy for encouraging further growth of nuclear power.

Spiewak, I.; Cope, D.F.

1980-09-01

374

Economics of nuclear power projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nuclear power development in Taiwan was initiated in 1956. Now Taipower has five nuclear units in smooth operation, one unit under construction, two units under planning. The relatively short construction period, low construction costs and twin unit approach had led to the significant economical advantage of our nuclear power generation. Moreover betterment programmes have further improved the availability and reliability

1985-01-01

375

UNITED STATES NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION  

E-print Network

UNITED STATES NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION OFFICE OF NUCLEAR MATERIAL SAFETY AND SAFEGUARDS ON RADIATION THERAPY OVEREXPOSURES IN PANAMA Addressees All medical licensees. Purpose The U.S. Nuclear additional information related to the radiation therapy overexposures that recently occurred in Panama. All

376

Nuclear Energy Present and Future  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nuclear power plants currently generate about 20% of US and 17% of world electricity, which makes nuclear the largest non-emitting energy source in current use. Concerns about global climate change have led to a remarkable transformation of attitudes towards nuclear energy. There remain key challenges that must be faced when considering expansion of its contribution. In summary they are: Economics,

I. H. Hutchinson

2006-01-01

377

Report Card on Nuclear Power  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Problems facing the nuclear power industry include skyrocketing construction costs, technical failures, fuel scarcity, power plant safety, and the disposal of nuclear wastes. Possible solutions include: reductions in nuclear power plant construction, a complete moratorium on new plant construction, the construction of fast breeder reactors and the…

Novick, Sheldon

1974-01-01

378

Job Prospects for Nuclear Engineers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the debate over nuclear safety continues, the job market remains healthy for nuclear engineers. The average salary offered to new nuclear engineers with bachelor's degrees is $27,400. Salary averages and increases compare favorably with other engineering disciplines. Various job sources in the field are noted. (JN)

Basta, Nicholas

1985-01-01

379

Game Imaging Meets Nuclear Reality  

SciTech Connect

At Los Alamos National Laboratory, a team of artists and animators, nuclear engineers and computer scientists is teaming to provide 3-D models of nuclear facilities to train IAEA safeguards inspectors and others who need fast familiarity with specific nuclear sites.

Michel, Kelly; Watkins, Adam

2011-03-21

380

Fusion Nuclear Science Facility (FNSF)  

E-print Network

Fusion Nuclear Science Facility (FNSF) ­ Motivation, Role, Required Capabilities YK Martin Peng;1 Managed by UT-Battelle for the Department of Energy Example: fusion nuclear-nonnuclear coupling effects-composites; Nano-structure alloy; PFC designs, etc. · Nuclear-nonnuclear coupling in PFC: - Plasma ion flux induces

381

Nuclear Organization and Genome Function  

E-print Network

Nuclear Organization and Genome Function Kevin Van Bortle and Victor G. Corces Department-range interactions and have proposed roles in nuclear organization. In this review, we explore recent findings for the roles of insulators in nuclear organization. 163 Annu.Rev.CellDev.Biol.2012.28:163-187.Downloadedfromwww

Corces, Victor G.

382

Australia, uranium and nuclear power  

Microsoft Academic Search

The nuclear debate in Australia is shaped by the nation's substantial base of energy resources, including its large reserves of uranium and recent rises in the market price of uranium. But the debate also echoes Australia's past in the development of programs for nuclear weapons. The proposals include uranium enrichment, the storage of nuclear waste in Australia, and the introduction

Jim Falk; Jim Green; Gavin Mudd

2006-01-01

383

National security and nuclear proliferation  

Microsoft Academic Search

U.S. antiproliferation policy has been preoccupied with narrower technical issues associated with sensitive nuclear technology at the expense of the broader political and security incentives and disincentives likely to determine whether countries move toward nuclear weapons. Both public debate and U.S. policies continue to be focused largely upon efforts to halt what are viewed as the first steps toward nuclear

Stan Sienkiewicz

1981-01-01

384

Nuclear weapons are legal tools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Responding to an article by Elliot Meyrowitz stating that nuclear weapons are illegal threats, the author observes that international law does not forbid the possession or use of nuclear weapons, whose existence operates as part of the checks and balances process that maintains deterrence. Because nuclear weapons have never been identified among states as illegal, either by treaties or by

Almond; H. H. Jr

1985-01-01

385

Sabotage at Nuclear Power Plants  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently there has been a noted worldwide increase in violent actions including attempted sabotage at nuclear power plants. Several organizations, such as the International Atomic Energy Agency and the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission, have guidelines, recommendations, and formal threat- and risk-assessment processes for the protection of nuclear assets. Other examples are the former Defense Special Weapons Agency, which used a

James W

1999-01-01

386

Nuclear power controversy. [6 presentations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Arthur W. Murphy in the introductory chapter cites the issues, pro and con, concerning nuclear power. In assessing the present stance, he first looks back to the last American Assembly on nuclear power, held October 1957 and notes its accomplishments. He summarizes the six papers of this book, which focus on nuclear power to the end of this century. Chapter

1976-01-01

387

Nuclear power: the market test  

Microsoft Academic Search

Economics is now a critical issue over the viability of nuclear power because cost overruns and a slowdown in power demand growth have reduced the competitive edge nuclear power enjoyed over coal. Although some countries have kept costs down, end-use efficiency improvements are the most cost-effective investment everywhere. After reviewing the costs of nuclear power in the US and internationally,

Flavin

1983-01-01

388

Efficiency in nuclear power pricing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates whether the rate structure for electric utilities with nuclear and fossil fuel generation is efficient and perhaps equitable. Data were collected on fossil and nuclear steam generation and transmission to estimate costs. Tests were performed to determine if efficient pricing practices were being followed. The results indicate that the marginal cost of nuclear generated power is less

Herbert G. Thompson; David R. Kamerschen; Albert L. Danielsen

1990-01-01

389

Behavior, society, and nuclear war  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book contains chapters on the following topics related to nuclear arms and nuclear war: crisis decision making; behavioral aspects of negotiations on mutual security; democracy, public opinion, and nuclear weapons; the case of wars; A review of theories; methodological themes and variations.

P. E. Tetlock; J. L. Husbands; R. Jervis; P. C. Stern; C. Tilly

1989-01-01

390

Historical civilian nuclear accident based Nuclear Reactor Condition Analyzer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There are significant challenges to successfully monitoring multiple processes within a nuclear reactor facility. The evidence for this observation can be seen in the historical civilian nuclear incidents that have occurred with similar initiating conditions and sequences of events. Because there is a current lack within the nuclear industry, with regards to the monitoring of internal sensors across multiple processes for patterns of failure, this study has developed a program that is directed at accomplishing that charge through an innovation that monitors these systems simultaneously. The inclusion of digital sensor technology within the nuclear industry has appreciably increased computer systems' capabilities to manipulate sensor signals, thus making the satisfaction of these monitoring challenges possible. One such manipulation to signal data has been explored in this study. The Nuclear Reactor Condition Analyzer (NRCA) program that has been developed for this research, with the assistance of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission's Graduate Fellowship, utilizes one-norm distance and kernel weighting equations to normalize all nuclear reactor parameters under the program's analysis. This normalization allows the program to set more consistent parameter value thresholds for a more simplified approach to analyzing the condition of the nuclear reactor under its scrutiny. The product of this research provides a means for the nuclear industry to implement a safety and monitoring program that can oversee the system parameters of a nuclear power reactor facility, like that of a nuclear power plant.

McCoy, Kaylyn Marie

391

Nuclear past, nuclear present: Hiroshima, Nagasaki, and contemporary strategy  

SciTech Connect

The controversial atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945 represent the only occasions when atomic weapons have been employed in war, yet surprisingly little attention has been paid to the relationship between the bombings and the course of subsequent nuclear strategy. Dr. Clark contends that the August 1945 experience was crucially formative and gave rise to a set of influential assumptions about the moral acceptability of using nuclear weapons, the rationality of nuclear decision-making, and the controllability of nuclear operations. The author's detailed reconstruction of the events of 1945 sheds new light upon these assumptions and contributes to the present debate about nuclear strategy, tracing present nuclear strategy, tracing present nuclear concerns and problems back to some of the misleading conclusions drawn from the bombings.

Clark, I.

1985-01-01

392

Materials in Nuclear Waste Disposition  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Commercial nuclear energy has been used for over 6 decades; however, to date, none of the 30+ countries with nuclear power has opened a repository for high-level waste (HLW). All countries with nuclear waste plan to dispose of it in metallic containers located in underground geologically stable repositories. Some countries also have liquid nuclear waste that needs to be reduced and vitrified before disposition. The five articles included in this topic offer a cross section of the importance of alloy selection to handle nuclear waste at the different stages of waste processing and disposal.

Rebak, Raul B.

2014-03-01

393

The NUCLEONICA Nuclear Science Portal  

SciTech Connect

NUCLEONICA (www.nucleonica.net) is a new nuclear science web portal which provides a customisable, integrated environment and collaboration platform using the latest internet 'Web 2.0' technology. NUCLEONICA is aimed at professionals, academics and students working in nuclear power, health physics and radiation protection, nuclear and radio-chemistry, and astrophysics. A unique feature of the portal is the wide range of user friendly web-based nuclear science applications. The portal is also ideal for education and training purposes and as a knowledge management platform to preserve nuclear knowledge built up over many decades.

Magill, Joseph; Dreher, Raymond [European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Transuranium Elements, Postfach 2340, 76125 Karlsruhe (Germany)

2009-08-19

394

The NUCLEONICA Nuclear Science Portal  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

NUCLEONICA (www.nucleonica.net) is a new nuclear science web portal which provides a customisable, integrated environment and collaboration platform using the latest internet "Web 2.0" technology. NUCLEONICA is aimed at professionals, academics and students working in nuclear power, health physics and radiation protection, nuclear and radio-chemistry, and astrophysics. A unique feature of the portal is the wide range of user friendly web-based nuclear science applications. The portal is also ideal for education and training purposes and as a knowledge management platform to preserve nuclear knowledge built up over many decades.

Magill, Joseph; Dreher, Raymond

2009-08-01

395

The nuclear connection: A reassessment of nuclear power and nuclear proliferation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book presents papers on nuclear power. Topics considered include prospects for commercial nuclear power and proliferation, the front end of the fuel cycle, the back end of the fuel cycle, national policy issues, non-proliferation policy, safeguards, controls, sanctions, and nuclear energy and proliferation (a longer perspective).

A. Weinberg; M. Alonso; J. N. Barkenbus

1985-01-01

396

Development of Curricula for Nuclear Radiation Protection, Nuclear Instrumentation, and Nuclear Materials Processing Technologies. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to assist two-year postsecondary educational institutions in providing technical specialty courses for preparing nuclear technicians. As a result of project activities, curricula have been developed for five categories of nuclear technicians and operators: (1) radiation protection technician, (2) nuclear instrumentation and…

Hull, Daniel M.

397

The nuclear battery  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The evolution and present status of an Atomic Energy of Canada Limited program to develop a small, solid-state, passively cooled reactor power supply known as the Nuclear Battery is reviewed. Key technical features of the Nuclear Battery reactor core include a heat-pipe primary heat transport system, graphite neutron moderator, low-enriched uranium TRISO coated-particle fuel and the use of burnable poisons for long-term reactivity control. An external secondary heat transport system extracts useful heat energy, which may be converted into electricity in an organic Rankine cycle engine or used to produce high-pressure steam. The present reference design is capable of producing about 2400 kW(t) (about 600 kW(e) net) for 15 full-power years. Technical and safety features are described along with recent progress in component hardware development programs and market assessment work.

Kozier, K. S.; Rosinger, H. E.

398

Rutherford's Nuclear Model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Rutherford's nuclear model originally was a theory of scattering that represented both the incoming alpha particles and their targets as point charges. The assumption that the apha particle, which Rutherford knew to be a doubly ionized helium atom, was a bare nucleus, and the associated assumption that the electronic structure of the atom played no significant role in large-angle scattering, had immediate and profound consequences well beyond the special problem for which Rutherford introduced them. The group around him in Manchester in 1911/12, which included Niels Bohr, Charles Darwin, Georg von Hevesy, and Henry Moseley, worked out some of these consequences. Their elucidation of radioactivity, isotopy, atomic number, and quantization marked an epoch in microphysics. Rutherford's nuclear model was exemplary not only for its fertility and picturability, but also for its radical simplicity. The lecturer will not undertake to answer the baffling question why such simple models work.

Heibron, John

2011-04-01

399

Nuclear energy in space  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The electric onboard power requirements of spacecraft have steadily increased since the launching of the first spacecraft, and power requirements of Earth satellites as high as 10 kW are currently observed. Since the early 1960s, nuclear power installations in space have been used by the U.S. and the Soviet Union in connection with electric power requirements which cannot be satisfied by solar cells. Such requirements are related to flights to the outer planets and the operation of spacecraft in the lunar or planetary shadow (including the shadow of the Earth). Possibilities for the use of nuclear energy in space are discussed, and the employment of radioisotope batteries is considered.

Loeb, H.

1983-04-01

400

Condensed Matter Nuclear Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Preface -- 1. General. Progress in condensed matter nuclear science / A. Takahashi. Summary of ICCF-12 / X. Z. Li. Overview of light water/hydrogen-based low-energy nuclear reactions / G. H. Miley and P. J. Shrestha -- 2. Excess heat and He detection. Development of "DS-reactor" as the practical reactor of "cold fusion" based on the "DS-cell" with "DS-cathode" / Y. Arata and Y.-C. Zhang. Progress in excess of power experiments with electrochemical loading of deuterium in palladium / V. Violante ... [et al.]. Anomalous energy generation during conventional electrolysis / T. Mizuno and Y. Toriyabe. "Excess heat" induced by deuterium flux in palladium film / B. Liu ... [et al.]. Abnormal excess heat observed during Mizuno-type experiments / J.-F. Fauvarque, P. P. Clauzon and G. J.-M. Lallevé. Seebeck envelope calorimetry with a Pd|D[symbol]O + H[symbol]SO[symbol] electrolytic cell / W.-S. Zhang, J. Dash and Q. Wang. Observation and investigation of nuclear fusion and self-induced electric discharges in liquids / A. I. Koldamasov ... [et al.]. Description of a sensitive seebeck calorimeter used for cold fusion studies / E. Storms. Some recent results at ENEA / M. Apicella ... [et al.]. Heat measurement during plasma electrolysis / K. Iizumi ... [et al.]. Effect of an additive on thermal output during electrolysis of heavy water with a palladium cathode / Q. Wang and J. Dash. Thermal analysis of calorimetric systems / L. D'Aulerio ... [et al.]. Surface plasmons and low-energy nuclear reactions triggering / E. Castagna ... [et al.]. Production method for violent TCB jet plasma from cavity / F. Amini. New results and an ongoing excess heat controversy / L. Kowalski ... [et al.] -- 3. Transmutation. Observation of surface distribution of products by X-ray fluorescence spectrometry during D[symbol] gas permeation through Pd Complexes / Y. Iwamura ... [et al.]. Discharge experiment using Pd/CaO/Pd multi-layered cathode / S. Narita ... [et al.]. Producing transmutation element on multi-layered Pd sample by deuterium permeation / H. Yamada ... [et al.]. Experimental observation and combined investigation of high-performance fusion of iron-region isotopes in optimal growing microbiological associations / V. I. Vysotskii ... [et al.]. Research into low-energy nuclear reactions in cathode sample solid with production of excess heat, stable and radioactive impurity nuclides / A. B. Karabut. Influence of parameters of the glow discharge on change of structure and the isotope composition of the cathode materials / I. B. Savvatimova and D. V. Gavritenkov. Elemental analysis of palladium electrodes after Pd/Pd light water critical electrolysis / Y. Toriyabe ... [et al.]. Progress on the study of isotopic composition in metallic thin films undergone to electrochemical loading of hydrogen / M. Apicella ... [et al.]. In situ accelerator analyses of palladium complex under deuterium permeation / A. Kitamura ... [et al.]. High-resolution mass spectrum for deuterium (hydrogen) gas permeating palladium film / Q. M. Wei ... [et al.]. ICP-MS analysis of electrodes and electrolytes after HNO[symbol]/H[symbol]O electrolysis / S. Taniguchi ... [et al.]. The Italy-Japan project - fundamental research on cold transmutation process for treatment of nuclear wastes / A. Takahashi, F. Celani and Y. Iwamura -- 4. Nuclear physics approach. Reproducible nuclear emissions from Pd/PdO:Dx heterostructure during controlled exothermic deuterium desorption / A. G. Lipson ... [et al.]. Correct identification of energetic alpha and proton tracks in experiments on CR-39 charged particle detection during hydrogen desorption from Pd/PdO:H[symbol] heterostructure / A. S. Roussetski ... [et al.]. Intense non-linear soft X-ray emission from a hydride target during pulsed D bombardment / G. H. Miley ... [et al.]. Enhancement of first wall damage in ITER type TOKAMAK due to LENR effects / A. G. Lipson, G. H. Miley and H. Momota. Generation of DD-reactions in a ferroelectric KD[symbol]PO[symbol] single crystal during transition

Takahashi, Akito; Ota, Ken-Ichiro; Iwamura, Yashuhiro

401

Cryogenic nuclear gyroscope  

SciTech Connect

A cryogenic nuclear gyroscope is described that is comprised of a cylinder of niobium cooled within a helium cryostat so as to be superconducting and to provide a trapped, substantially homogeneous magnetic field, a helium-3 sample contained within a spherical pyrex cell having nuclei possessing a net magnetic moment, coils provided to polarize the sample to provide that net magnetic moment, and a SQUID magnetometer coupled to the sample by a pick-up coil of a transformer and frequency sensitive means coupled to the SQUID to detect changes in the precession of the nuclear moments of the sample caused by rotation of the gyroscope about an axis parallel to the direction of the homogeneous magnetic field. A superconducting lead shield isolates the helium-3 sample from external magnetic fields.

Gallop, J.C.; Potts, S.P.

1980-09-30

402

Nuclear electric propulsion  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The feasibility is investigated of using nuclear electric propulsion (NEP) for slow freighter ships traveling from a 500 km low Earth orbit (LEO) to the Moon's orbit about the Earth, and on to Mars. NEP is also shown to be feasible for transporting people to Mars on long conjunction-class missions lasting about nine months one way, and on short sprint missions lasting four months one way. Generally, it was not attempted to optimize ion exhaust velocities, but rather suitable parameters to demonstrate NEP feasibility were chosen. Various combinations of missions are compared with chemical and nuclear thermal propulsion (NTR) systems. Typically, NEP and NTR can accomplish the same lifting task with similar mass in LEO. When compared to chemical propulsion, NEP was found to accomplish the same missions with 40% less mass in LEO. These findings are sufficiently encouraging as to merit further studies with optimum systems.

Keaton, Paul W.; Tubb, David J.

1986-01-01

403

Nuclear electric propulsion  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The feasibility is investigated of using nuclear electric propulsion (NEP) for slow freighter ships traveling from a 500 km low Earth orbit (LEO) to the Moon's orbit about the Earth, and on to Mars. NEP is also shown to be feasible for transporting people to Mars on long conjunction-class missions lasting about nine months one way, and on short sprint missions lasting four months one way. Generally, it was not attempted to optimize ion exhaust velocities, but rather suitable parameters to demonstrate NEP feasibility were chosen. Various combinations of missions are compared with chemical and nuclear thermal propulsion (NTR) systems. Typically, NEP and NTR can accomplish the same lifting task with similar mass in LEO. When compared to chemical propulsion, NEP was found to accomplish the same missions with 40% less mass in LEO. These findings are sufficiently encouraging as to merit further studies with optimum systems.

Keaton, Paul W.; Tubb, David J.

1986-05-01

404

American Nuclear Society  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Since 1954, the American Nuclear Society (ANS) has served as an organization that brings together a broad range of persons and institutions together in the interest of nuclear science and technology. Its members include 11,000 engineers, scientists, administrators, and educators representing over 1600 different institutions and government agencies. Persons in this field will want to look at sections on this site which cover membership information, honors and awards programs, and a very nice "Career" section where users can browse through employment opportunities. While these sections are geared for persons in these fields, the "Public Information" area is quite a find for the general visitor to the site. Here, visitors can take a look at valuable pieces of information, such as a radiation dose chart. Visitors will also want to look at "Reactions", which is the ANS's newsletter.

405

NRC - regulator of nuclear safety  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) was formed in 1975 to regulate the various commercial and institutional uses of nuclear energy, including nuclear power plants. The agency succeeded the Atomic Energy Commission, which previously had responsibility for both developing and regulating nuclear activities. Federal research and development work for all energy sources, as well as nuclear weapons production, is now conducted by the U.S. Department of Energy. Under its responsibility to protect public health and safety, the NRC has three principal regulatory functions: (1) establish standards and regulations, (2) issue licenses for nuclear facilities and users of nuclear materials, and (3) inspect facilities and users of nuclear materials to ensure compliance with the requirements. These regulatory functions relate to both nuclear power plants and to other uses of nuclear materials - like nuclear medicine programs at hospitals, academic activities at educational institutions, research work, and such industrial applications as gauges and testing equipment. The NRC places a high priority on keeping the public informed of its work. The agency recognizes the interest of citizens in what it does through such activities as maintaining public document rooms across the country and holding public hearings, public meetings in local areas, and discussions with individuals and organizations.

NONE

1997-05-01

406

Dynamics of nuclear fission  

Microsoft Academic Search

The most interesting process of collective flow of nuclear matter is the fission process. The time-scale of this process at moderate to high excitation energies is reviewed. Various methods to measure the time associated with large scale collective flow of nuclei in the range of 10^(-21) to 10^(-17) s are compared. Pre- and post-scission multiplicities of light particles in particular

D. Hilscher; H. Rossner

1992-01-01

407

The nuclear optical model  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main features of the nuclear optical model are reviewed, with particular attention to current growth points. The determination of the form and strength of the nucleon-nucleus interaction by calculation from the nucleon-nucleon interaction is described and the results compared with those obtained phenomenologically. The potential is applied to analyse single-particle bound states, and it is shown how this can

P E Hodgson

1971-01-01

408

Nuclear pairing models  

Microsoft Academic Search

We calculate nuclear pairing gaps for nuclei throughout the periodic system in both the BCS and Lipkin-Nogami pairing models. The energy levels required for the calculations are obtained from the folded-Yukawa single-particle model for ground-state shapes obtained in the macroscopic-microscopic approach by minimizing the total potential energy with respect to ?2 and ?4 shape degrees of freedom. For both pairing

P. Möller; J. R. Nix

1992-01-01

409

Cold nuclear fusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

The possibility that negative muons could catalyze nuclear fusion was suggested on theoretical grounds by F.C. Frank and A.D. Sakharov in the late 1940s; the first experimental observations of the process followed serendipitously a decade later, in experiments at Berkeley by L.W. Alvarez. The fastest mechanism for muon-catalyzed, or 'cold' fusion, was suggested by Vesman (1967); it depends on a

Johann Rafelski; Steven E. Jones

1987-01-01

410

Third generation nuclear plants  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

After the Chernobyl accident, a new generation of Light Water Reactors has been designed and is being built. Third generation nuclear plants are equipped with dedicated systems to insure that if the worst accident were to occur, i.e. total core meltdown, no matter how low the probability of such occurrence, radioactive releases in the environment would be minimal. This article describes the EPR, representative of this "Generation III" and a few of its competitors on the world market.

Barré, Bertrand

2012-05-01

411

The Nuclear Field Theory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The nuclear field theory (NFT) is presented here with particular emphasis on its foundations. The following points are discussed: i) the equivalence between pure fermion and NFT operators (including the Hamiltonian), ii) the results from an exactly soluble example, iii) the appropriate expansion parameter and the convergence of the corresponding perturbation series and iv) the extension to deformed systems. This is accomplished through the derivation of both the deformed Hamiltonian (superfluid case) and of the perturbational treatment appropriate for deformed basis.

Bes, D. R.

412

Multilayered nuclear fuel element  

SciTech Connect

A nuclear fuel element is described which is suitable for high temperature applications comprised of a kernel of fissile material overlaid with concentric layers of impervious graphite, vitreous carbon, pyrolytic carbon and metal carbide. The kernel of fissile material is surrounded by a layer of impervious graphite. The layer of impervious graphite is then surrounded by a layer of vitreous carbon. Finally, an outer shell which includes alternating layers of pyrolytic carbon and metal carbide surrounds the layer of vitreous carbon.

Schweitzer, Donald G.; Sastre, Cesar

1996-12-01

413

Advanced nuclear propulsion technologies  

SciTech Connect

Advanced nuclear propulsion can take on several forms. Radioactive thrust sheets directly use the decay of radioactive nuclei to provide propulsion. The fissioning of nuclei has been extensively studied for propulsion both analytically and experimentally. Fusion has been analytically examined as a means of providing propulsion during the last few decades. In the last decade, serious attention has been given to the direct annihilation of matter. Each of these technologies is discussed in this paper with the greatest emphasis on antiproton annihilation propulsion.

Cassenti, B.N. (United Technologies Research, Arlington, VA (United States))

1991-01-01

414

Post detonation nuclear forensics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The problem of working backwards from the debris of a nuclear explosion to attempt to attribute the event to a particular actor is singularly difficult technically. However, moving from physical information of any certainty through the political steps that would lead to national action presents daunting policy questions as well. This monograph will outline the operational and physical components of this problem and suggest the difficulty of the policy questions that remain.

Davis, Jay

2014-05-01

415

The Nuclear Bulge extinction  

E-print Network

We present a new, high resolution (5" per pixel) near-infrared extinction map of the Nuclear Bulge using data from the UKIDSS-GPS. Using photometry from the J, H and K-bands we show that the extinction law parameter is also highly variable in this region on similar scales to the absolute extinction. We show that only when this extinction law variation is taken into account can the extinction be measured consistently at different wavelengths.

Andrew J. Gosling; Katherine M. Blundell; Reba M. Bandyopadhyay; Phil Lucas

2008-06-25

416

QCD and Nuclear Physics  

E-print Network

The main part of this talk is a review and summary of how QCD is used in two main areas of nuclear physics, namely in determining the quark flavor and spin content of the proton and in ultrarelativistic heavy ion collisions. Brief comments are made concerning effective theories in hadron physics and on the separation of various twists in using the operator product expansion to analyze hard processes.

A. H. Mueller

1999-02-10

417

Nuclear spectroscopic studies  

SciTech Connect

The Nuclear Physics group at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville is involved in several aspects of heavy-ion physics including both nuclear structure and reaction mechanisms. While our main emphasis is on experimental problems involving heavy-ion accelerators, we have maintained a strong collaboration with several theorists in order to best pursue the physics of our measurements. During the last year we have led several experiments at the Holifield Heavy Ion Research Facility and participated in others at Argonne National Laboratory. Also, we continue to be very active in the collaboration to study ultra-relativistic heavy ion physics utilizing the SPS accelerator at CERN in Geneva, Switzerland and in a RHIC detector R D project. Our experimental work is in four broad areas: (1) the structure of nuclei at high angular momentum, (2) heavy-ion induced transfer reactions, (3) the structure of nuclei far from stability, and (4) ultra-relativistic heavy-ion physics. The results of studies in these particular areas will be described in this document in sections IIA, IIB, IIC, and IID, respectively. Areas (1), (3), and (4) concentrate on the structure of nuclear matter in extreme conditions of rotational motion, imbalance of neutrons and protons, or very high temperature and density. Area (2) pursues the transfer of nucleons to states with high angular momentum, both to learn about their structure and to understand the transfer of particles, energy, and angular momentum in collisions between heavy ions. An important component of our program is the strong emphasis on the theoretical aspects of nuclear structure and reactions.

Bingham, C.R.; Guidry, M.W.; Riedinger, L.L.; Sorensen, S.P.

1993-02-08

418

Cold nuclear fusion  

SciTech Connect

Recent accelerator experiments on fusion of various elements have clearly demonstrated that the effective cross-sections of these reactions depend on what material the target particle is placed in. In these experiments, there was a significant increase in the probability of interaction when target nuclei are imbedded in a conducting crystal or are a part of it. These experiments open a new perspective on the problem of so-called cold nuclear fusion.

Tsyganov, E. N., E-mail: edward.tsyganov@utsouthwestern.edu [University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas (United States)

2012-02-15

419

Nuclear energy: a sensible alternative  

SciTech Connect

This book presents information on energy futures; energy demand, energy supplies; exclusive paths and difficult choices--hard, soft, and moderate energy paths; an energy-deficient society; energy shortages; economics of light-water reactors; fast breeder reactor economics; international cooperation in the nuclear field; nuclear recycling; alternative fuels, fuel cycles, and reactors; the nuclear weapons proliferation issue; paths to a world with more reliable nuclear safeguards; the homemade bomb issue; LWR risk assessment; accident analysis and risk assessment; the waste disposal risk; radon problems; risks in our society; health effects of low-level radiation; routine releases of radioactivity from the nuclear industry; low-level radioactivity and infant mortality; the myth of plutonium toxicity; myths about high-level radioactive waste; the aging reactor myth; the police state myth; insurance and nuclear power--the Price-Anderson Act; and solar and nuclear power as partners.

Ott, K.O.; Spinrad, B.I.

1985-01-01

420

Nuclear Physics Underground  

SciTech Connect

Precisely known nuclear cross sections are an essential ingredient for the modeling of nuclear processes in our Sun, in stars, and in the Big Bang. Uncertainties due to theoretical extrapolations can be avoided if experimental data are available directly at astrophysically relevant energies. Since such energies are typically far below the Coulomb barrier, this entails cross section measurements in the picobarn range.The Laboratory for Underground Nuclear Astrophysics (LUNA) inside the Gran Sasso mountain in Italy takes up this challenge by combining accelerator-based experiments with low-background measurement techniques. Using this approach, in recent years several reactions relevant to hydrogen burning have been studied, e.g. {sup 3}He({alpha},{gamma}){sup 7}Be and {sup 14}N(p,{gamma}){sup 15}O. The implications of the data range from an independent lower limit on the age of the universe to a precise solar thermometer.Based on this progress, currently there are efforts in several countries to construct new underground accelerators. The exciting science that can be probed with these new facilities will be highlighted.

Bemmerer, Daniel

2010-08-04

421

Nuclear Technology Programs  

SciTech Connect

This document reports on the work done by the Nuclear Technology Programs of the Chemical Technology Division, Argonne National Laboratory, in the period April--September 1988. These programs involve R D in three areas: applied physical chemistry, separation science and technology, and nuclear waste management. The work in applied physical chemistry includes investigations into the processes that control the release and transport of fission products under accident-like conditions, the thermophysical properties of selected materials in environments simulating those of fusion energy systems. In the area of separation science and technology, the bulk of the effort is concerned with developing and implementing processes for the removal and concentration of actinides from waste streams contaminated by transuranic elements. Another effort is concerned with examining the feasibility of substituting low-enriched for high-enriched uranium in the production of fission-product {sup 99}Mo. In the area of waste management, investigations are underway on the performance of materials in projected nuclear repository conditions to provide input to the licensing of the nation's high-level waste repositories.

Harmon, J.E. (ed.)

1990-10-01

422

Nuclear Power - Post Fukushima  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The extreme events that led to the prolonged power outage at the Fukushima Daiicchi nuclear plant have highlighted the importance of assuring a means for stable long term cooling of the nuclear fuel and containment following a complete station blackout. Legislative bodies, regulatory agencies and industry are drawing lessons from those events and considering what changes, if any, are needed to nuclear power, post Fukushima. The enhanced safety of a new class of reactor designed by NuScale Power is drawing significant attention in light of the Fukushima events. During normal operation, each NuScale containment is fully immersed in a water-filled stainless steel lined concrete pool that resides underground. The pool, housed in a Seismic Category I building, is large enough to provided 30 days of core and containment cooling without adding water. After 30 days, the decay heat generations coupled with thermal radiation heat transfer is completely adequate to remove core decay heat for an unlimited period of time. These passive power systems can perform their function without requiring an external supply of water of power. An assessment of the NuScale passive systems is being performed through a comprehensive test program that includes the NuScale integral system test facility at Oregon State University

Reyes, Jose, Jr.

2011-10-01

423

Progress in Nuclear Detection  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Transformational and Applied Research Directorate (TAR) was established within the Department of Homeland Security's Domestic Nuclear Detection Office (DNDO) to conduct, support, coordinate, and encourage near- and long-term Research and Development (R&D) programs for break-through technologies designed to dramatically improve capabilities to detect and report illicit trafficking of nuclear and radiological materials. These programs cover a wide range of technologies and high-level technical challenges associated with the DNDO mission and the Global Nuclear Detection Architecture (GNDA). They encompass a range of technology levels, ranging from feasibility and proof of concept studies to technology demonstrations of systems. Even though the focus is on high level challenges, the direction of some topic areas can change from year to year. This presentation will provide an overview of the TAR mission and discuss the current status of transformational R&D efforts in three major program areas: Advanced Technology Demonstrations (ATD), Exploratory Research (ER) and Academic Research Initiative (ARI). )

Vojtech, Richard

2010-02-01

424

Inner/Outer Nuclear Membrane Fusion in Nuclear Pore Assembly  

PubMed Central

Nuclear pore complexes (NPCs) are large proteinaceous channels embedded in double nuclear membranes, which carry out nucleocytoplasmic exchange. The mechanism of nuclear pore assembly involves a unique challenge, as it requires creation of a long-lived membrane-lined channel connecting the inner and outer nuclear membranes. This stabilized membrane channel has little evolutionary precedent. Here we mapped inner/outer nuclear membrane fusion in NPC assembly biochemically by using novel assembly intermediates and membrane fusion inhibitors. Incubation of a Xenopus in vitro nuclear assembly system at 14°C revealed an early pore intermediate where nucleoporin subunits POM121 and the Nup107-160 complex were organized in a punctate pattern on the inner nuclear membrane. With time, this intermediate progressed to diffusion channel formation and finally to complete nuclear pore assembly. Correct channel formation was blocked by the hemifusion inhibitor lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC), but not if a complementary-shaped lipid, oleic acid (OA), was simultaneously added, as determined with a novel fluorescent dextran-quenching assay. Importantly, recruitment of the bulk of FG nucleoporins, characteristic of mature nuclear pores, was not observed before diffusion channel formation and was prevented by LPC or OA, but not by LPC+OA. These results map the crucial inner/outer nuclear membrane fusion event of NPC assembly downstream of POM121/Nup107-160 complex interaction and upstream or at the time of FG nucleoporin recruitment. PMID:20926687

Fichtman, Boris; Ramos, Corinne; Rasala, Beth; Harel, Amnon

2010-01-01

425

A community-based organization: the Las Mercedes Project.  

PubMed

Using the Las Mercedes Project as an example, the aim of this article is to discuss the philosophy and practice of community-based projects. At the core of such projects is a shift in understanding the nature of community. A community, in this case, represents a reality that persons construct that determines the character of rules, norms, and the focus and style of interventions. Additionally, community-based organizations, such as the Las Mercedes Project, are fully participatory, decentered, and carry the imprint of a community's members. Community-based projects, in this regard, improve the likelihood of creating successful interventions. PMID:22409639

Murphy, John W

2012-01-01

426

Theoretical studies in nuclear reactions and nuclear structure. Progress report  

SciTech Connect

Research in the Maryland Nuclear Theory Group focusses on problems in four basic areas of current relevance. Hadrons in nuclear matter; the structure of hadrons; relativistic nuclear physics and heavy ion dynamics and related processes. The section on hadrons in nuclear matter groups together research items which are aimed at exploring ways in which the properties of nucleons and the mesons which play a role in the nuclear force are modified in the nuclear medium. A very interesting result has been the finding that QCD sum rules supply a new insight into the decrease of the nucleon`s mass in the nuclear medium. The quark condensate, which characterizes spontaneous chiral symmetry breaking of the late QCD vacuum, decreases in nuclear matter and this is responsible for the decrease of the nucleon`s mass. The section on the structure of hadrons contains progress reports on our research aimed at understanding the structure of the nucleon. Widely different approaches are being studied, e.g., lattice gauge calculations, QCD sum rules, quark-meson models with confinement and other hedgehog models. A major goal of this type of research is to develop appropriate links between nuclear physics and QCD. The section on relativistic nuclear physics represents our continuing interest in developing an appropriate relativistic framework for nuclear dynamics. A Lorentz-invariant description of the nuclear force suggests a similar decrease of the nucleon`s mass in the nuclear medium as has been found from QCD sum rules. Work in progress extends previous successes in elastic scattering to inelastic scattering of protons by nuclei. The section on heavy ion dynamics and related processes reports on research into the e{sup +}e{sup {minus}} problem and heavy ion dynamics.

Not Available

1992-05-01

427

Theoretical studies in nuclear reactions and nuclear structure  

SciTech Connect

Research in the Maryland Nuclear Theory Group focusses on problems in four basic areas of current relevance. Hadrons in nuclear matter; the structure of hadrons; relativistic nuclear physics and heavy ion dynamics and related processes. The section on hadrons in nuclear matter groups together research items which are aimed at exploring ways in which the properties of nucleons and the mesons which play a role in the nuclear force are modified in the nuclear medium. A very interesting result has been the finding that QCD sum rules supply a new insight into the decrease of the nucleon's mass in the nuclear medium. The quark condensate, which characterizes spontaneous chiral symmetry breaking of the late QCD vacuum, decreases in nuclear matter and this is responsible for the decrease of the nucleon's mass. The section on the structure of hadrons contains progress reports on our research aimed at understanding the structure of the nucleon. Widely different approaches are being studied, e.g., lattice gauge calculations, QCD sum rules, quark-meson models with confinement and other hedgehog models. A major goal of this type of research is to develop appropriate links between nuclear physics and QCD. The section on relativistic nuclear physics represents our continuing interest in developing an appropriate relativistic framework for nuclear dynamics. A Lorentz-invariant description of the nuclear force suggests a similar decrease of the nucleon's mass in the nuclear medium as has been found from QCD sum rules. Work in progress extends previous successes in elastic scattering to inelastic scattering of protons by nuclei. The section on heavy ion dynamics and related processes reports on research into the e{sup +}e{sup {minus}} problem and heavy ion dynamics.

Not Available

1992-05-01

428

Efectos olvidados en las relaciones de causalidad de las acciones del sistema de capacitación en las organizaciones empresariales = Forgotten effects of the causality relationships in the knowledge management in tourism organizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Se propone y se desarrolla un procedimiento desde el paradigma de la complejidad que, partiendo de las características más generales que permiten identificar a las organizaciones turísticas como sistemas sociales humanos complejos, valora los impactos de la capacitación en la consecución de las metas organizacionales. El procedimiento se aborda desde la aplicación del modelo de valoración de los efectos olvidados

Jesús Miguel Rodríguez Rubinos; Miguel Armando Ramírez Reyes; Vicente Díaz Pontones

2008-01-01

429

OFF-SITE ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING REPORT: RADIATION MONITORING AROUND UNITED STATES NUCLEAR TEST AREAS, CALENDAR YEAR 1984  

EPA Science Inventory

This report covers the routine radiation monitoring activities conducted by the Environmental Monitoring Systems Laboratory-Las Vegas in areas which may be affected by nuclear testing programs of the Department of Energy. This monitoring is conducted to document compliance with s...

430

OFF-SITE ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING REPORT: RADIATION MONITORING AROUND UNITED STATES NUCLEAR TEST AREAS, CALENDAR YEAR 1987  

EPA Science Inventory

This report covers the routine radiation monitoring activities conducted by the Environmental Monitoring Systems Laboratory-Las Vegas in areas which may be affected by nuclear testing programs of the Department of Energy. This monitoring is conducted to document compliance with s...

431

Climatic Consequences of Nuclear Conflict  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A nuclear war between Russia and the United States could still produce nuclear winter, even using the reduced arsenals of about 4000 total nuclear weapons that will result by 2017 in response to the New START treaty. A nuclear war between India and Pakistan, with each country using 50 Hiroshima-sized atom bombs as airbursts on urban areas, could produce climate change unprecedented in recorded human history. This scenario, using much less than 1% of the explosive power of the current global nuclear arsenal, would produce so much smoke from the resulting fires that it would plunge the planet to temperatures colder than those of the Little Ice Age of the 16th to 19th centuries, shortening the growing season around the world and threatening the global food supply. Crop model studies of agriculture in the U.S. and China show massive crop losses, even for this regional nuclear war scenario. Furthermore, there would be massive ozone depletion with enhanced ultraviolet radiation reaching the surface. These surprising conclusions are the result of recent research (see URL) by a team of scientists including those who produced the pioneering work on nuclear winter in the 1980s, using the NASA GISS ModelE and NCAR WACCM GCMs. The soot is self-lofted into the stratosphere, and the effects of regional and global nuclear war would last for more than a decade, much longer than previously thought. Nuclear proliferation continues, with nine nuclear states now, and more working to develop or acquire nuclear weapons. The continued environmental threat of the use of even a small number of nuclear weapons must be considered in nuclear policy deliberations in Russia, the U.S., and the rest of the world.

Robock, A.

2011-12-01

432

Nuclear symmetry energy at subnormal densities from measured nuclear masses  

SciTech Connect

The symmetry energy coefficients for nuclei with mass number A=20-250 are extracted from more than 2000 measured nuclear masses. With the semiempirical connection between the symmetry energy coefficients of finite nuclei and the nuclear symmetry energy at reference densities, we investigate the density dependence of the symmetry energy of nuclear matter at subnormal densities. The obtained results are compared with those extracted from other methods.

Liu Min [Key Laboratory of Beam Technology and Material Modification of Ministry of Education, College of Nuclear Science and Technology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875 (China); Department of Physics, Guangxi Normal University, Guilin 541004 (China); Beijing Radiation Center, Beijing 100875 (China); Wang Ning [Department of Physics, Guangxi Normal University, Guilin 541004 (China); Li Zhuxia [China Institute of Atomic Energy, Beijing 102413 (China); Zhang Fengshou [Key Laboratory of Beam Technology and Material Modification of Ministry of Education, College of Nuclear Science and Technology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875 (China); Beijing Radiation Center, Beijing 100875 (China)

2010-12-15

433

Nuclear power. Volume 2. Nuclear power project management  

Microsoft Academic Search

NUCLEAR POWER PLANT DESIGN is intended to be used as a working reference book for management, engineers and designers, and as a graduate-level text for engineering students. The book is designed to combine theory with practical nuclear power engineering and design experience, and to give the reader an up-to-date view of the status of nuclear power and a basic understanding

1978-01-01

434

Nuclear symmetry energy at subnormal densities from measured nuclear masses  

E-print Network

The symmetry energy coefficients for nuclei with mass number A=20~250 are extracted from more than 2000 measured nuclear masses. With the semi-empirical connection between the symmetry energy coefficients of finite nuclei and the nuclear symmetry energy at reference densities, we investigate the density dependence of symmetry energy of nuclear matter at subnormal densities. The obtained results are compared with those extracted from other methods.

Min Liu; Ning Wang; Zhuxia Li; Fengshou Zhang

2010-11-17

435

El Informe Anual a la Nación Muestra que la Incidencia de Cáncer y las Tasas de Mortalidad están Declinado: Las Tasas de Supervivencia Reflejan Progreso Significativo  

Cancer.gov

Las organizaciones más importantes de la Nación informan que los riesgos de la población americana a contraer o morir a causa de cáncer continúan disminuyendo mientras que las tasas de supervivencia para muchos tipos de cáncer continúan aumentando.

436

TCD Research Methods Fall 2004 LAS 6292 (Sect. 6816x)  

E-print Network

TCD Research Methods ­ Fall 2004 LAS 6292 (Sect. 6816x) Thursday, Periods 6-8 (12:50- 3:50) 376 and development. Required textbooks, available at Goering's Books and Bagels: 1. Bernard, H.R. 1995. Research Methods in Anthropology: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches, 3rd edition. AltaMira Press, Walnut

Pilyugin, Sergei S.

437

Las zonas mineras españolas a finales del XIX  

Microsoft Academic Search

PRESENTACIÓN Jugh James Rose, capellán de las compañías mineras inglesas, francesas y alemanas de Linares, es el autor de la obra Untrodden Spain and her black country being sketches of the life and character of the Spaniard of the interior publicada en dos volúmenes en Londres en 1875. De él sabemos que ejerció como capellán del ejército en Dover y

María Antonia López Burgos

2003-01-01

438

Modeling of Nonpoint Source Pollution in the Las Vegas Valley  

Microsoft Academic Search

The point sources of pollution (including wastewater treatment plants) within urban areas are well known. However, the contribution of nonpoint source pollution to receiving waterbodies is not as well understood. In this study, the contributions of nonpoint source runoff is evaluated and compared to the loadings from the wastewater treatment facilities in the Las Vegas Valley of southern Nevada. The

M. Reginato; T. C. Piechota

2001-01-01

439

Characterization of Storm Runoff in Las Vegas Valley, Nevada.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The total salinity of storm runoff is an important consideration. The purpose of this research was to develop background data on the chemical characteristics of storm runoff in Flamingo Wash, Las Vegas Valley. Seven runoff events were sampled at four site...

J. W. Hess, D. E. Zimmerman

1980-01-01

440

Source Water Assessment for the Las Vegas Valley Surface Waters  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 1996 amendment to the Safe Drinking Water Act of 1974 created the Source Water Assessment Program (SWAP) with an objective to evaluate potential sources of contamination to drinking water intakes. The development of a Source Water Assessment Plan for Las Vegas Valley surface water runoff into Lake Mead is important since it will guide future work on source water

S. P. Albuquerque; T. C. Piechota

2003-01-01

441

A Passion For Excellence University of Nevada, Las Vegas  

E-print Network

A Passion For Excellence University of Nevada, Las Vegas PGA Golf Management University of Nevada of Teaching. William F. Harrah College of Hotel Administration The PGA Golf Management program is a part-8697 PGA Golf Management Contact Information For more information regarding curriculum, cost or other

Hemmers, Oliver

442

Effects of Water Conservation on Evapotranspiration in Las Vegas, Nevada  

Microsoft Academic Search

Las Vegas, Nevada, is a rapidly growing arid city that is experiencing significant challenges in water consumption. Most of the water is used outdoors, precluding recycling and reuse of water. With a large increase in population, the Southern Nevada Water Authority created the Water Smart Landscape Program to limit outdoor water usage. This study used remote sensing images and techniques

Joseph Belli

2011-01-01

443

Control del dolor: Apoyo para las personas con cáncer  

Cancer.gov

Contiene información sobre las medicinas contra el dolor para pacientes con cáncer, los planes para controlarlo, cómo hablar con su equipo de atención médica sobre el dolor que usted siente y qué hacer para controlar los efectos físicos y emocionales del mismo.

444

La Globalización de las marcas españolas : liderazgo y notoriedad internacional  

Microsoft Academic Search

Este trabajo analiza la expansión reciente de la empresa multinacional española y su efecto directo en un mayor posicionamiento de marcas españolas en los mercados internacionales y una mejor y más reforzada imagen país. El análisis teórico conceptual se refuerza con datos descriptivos de las investigaciones más recientes realizadas por el Foro de Marcas Renombradas Españolas sobre el liderazgo y

Julio Cerviño; Jaime Rivera Camino

2007-01-01

445

Victoria Varga, `04 Las Matas de Farfan, Dominican Republic  

E-print Network

of Charity at their Nutritional Center for Children in Las Matas de Farfan was one of the most rewarding, Elaine and I worked with some of the most beautiful children that temporarily resided there. They were in great need of our attention and caring. There were approximately 60 children between the ages of 0

446

Geology of Las Vegas, Nevada, United States of America  

Microsoft Academic Search

Las Vegas is one of the fastest growing cities in the US. Its regional geologic setting is in the Basin and Range geomorphic province and in the Sevier orogenic belt. The city itself lies in a broad north-south valley formed by coalescing alluvial fans and lake beds which give rise to several soil and foundation problems. Although destructive earthquakes have

R. V. Wyman; M. Karakouzian; V. Bax-Valentine; L. Peterson; S. Palmer; D. B. Slemmons

1993-01-01

447

Las Vegas Serves up Biodiesel for Local Schools  

SciTech Connect

This 2-page Clean Cities fact sheet describes the use of biodiesel as a fuel source in buses by the Clark County School District, located in Las Vegas, NV. It includes information on the history of the program, along with contact information for the local Clean Cities Coordinator and Clark County School District.

Not Available

2004-04-01

448

College of Arts and Sciences LAS Latin American Studies  

E-print Network

College of Arts and Sciences LAS Latin American Studies KEY: # = new course * = course changed AMERICA. (3) An interdisciplinary approach to the people, culture and development of the Latin American LATIN AMERICAN LITERATURE IN TRANSLATION (Subtitle required). (3) This course examines particular

MacAdam, Keith

449

Las Rocas Nos Cuentan (Rocks Tell Their Stories)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many Earth science lessons today still focus on memorizing the names of rocks and minerals. This led the author to develop a lesson that reveals the fascinating stories told by rocks through the study of their physical properties. He first designed the lesson for Puerto Rican teachers, hence its Spanish title: "Las Rocas Nos Cuentan Su Historia."…

Llerandi-Roman, Pablo A.

2012-01-01

450

FLORAY VEGETACION Parque Natural Sierras de Cazorla, Segura y Las  

E-print Network

/pinum L.), el Grosellero Uva -Espina (Rives uva-crispa L.) y el Mundo (Viburnum opu/us L.), entre las más. Sanicu/a europaea L. Tussi/ago farfara L. Bonetero (Euonimus latifolius) . Frutos de Mundo (Viburnum opulus) Paracerrar este apartado tenemos que hacer men- ció

Herrera, Carlos M.

451

Selección de los principales problemas de seguridad de las vacunas  

Microsoft Academic Search

ExtractoEjemplos recientes de los principales beneficios en salud pública de la vacunación incluyen reducciones globales de la mortalidad por sarampión y el registro de niveles bajos de enfermedades evitables por vacunas en Estados Unidos. No obstante, los problemas reales o percibidos de seguridad de las vacunas pueden ejercer un impacto adverso sobre los programas de vacunación. La monitorización sólida de

John K. Iskander; Jane Gidudu; Nelson Arboleda; Wan-Ting Huang

2008-01-01

452

DEPARTMENT OF ART & ARCHAEOLOGY ART 394/LAS 394  

E-print Network

DEPARTMENT OF ART & ARCHAEOLOGY ART 394/LAS 394 APPLICATION SEMINAR IN PRE-COLUMBIAN MAYA ART: Friday April 15, 2011 This course examines Pre-Columbian Maya art and archaeology from the perspective will take a required study trip to Guatemala to visit world-renown archaeological sites, national museums

Bou-Zeid, Elie

453

Fresh nuclear fuel measurements at Ukrainian nuclear power plants  

SciTech Connect

In 2005, the Provisions on Nuclear Material Measurement System was enacted in Ukraine as an important regulatory driver to support international obligations in nuclear safeguards and nonproliferation. It defines key provisions and requirements for material measurement and measurement control programs to ensure the quality and reliability of measurement data within the framework of the State MC&A System. Implementing the Provisions requires establishing a number of measurement techniques for both fresh and spent nuclear fuel for various types of Ukrainian reactors. Our first efforts focused on measurements of fresh nuclear fuel from a WWR-1000 power reactor.

Kuzminski, Jozef [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Ewing, Tom [ANL; Dickman, Debbie [PNNL; Gavrilyuk, Victor [UKRAINE; Drapey, Sergey [UKRAINE; Kirischuk, Vladimir [UKRAINE; Strilchuk, Nikolay [UKRAINE

2009-01-01

454

Nuclear Anapole Moments and the Parity-nonconserving Nuclear Interaction  

E-print Network

The anapole moment is a parity-odd and time-reversal-even electromagnetic moment. Although it was conjectured shortly after the discovery of parity nonconservation, its existence has not been confirmed until recently in heavy nuclear systems, which are known to be the suitable laboratories because of the many-body enhancement. By carefully identifying the nuclear-spin-dependent atomic parity nonconserving effect, the first clear evidence was found in cesium. In this talk, I will discuss how nuclear anapole moments are used to constrain the parity-nonconserving nuclear force, a still less well-known channel among weak interactions.

C. -P. Liu

2002-11-28

455

Southwestern Willow Flycatcher Surveys Along the Las Vegas Wash, Clark County, Nevada, 2012.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Las Vegas Wash Coordination Committee, a 29-member stakeholder group, is working to stabilize and enhance the Las Vegas Wash (Wash), the channel that drains flows from the Las Vegas Valley to Lake Mead at Las Vegas Bay. The Wash also flows through the...

D. Van Dooremolen

2012-01-01

456

Southwestern Willow Flycatcher Surveys Along the Las Vegas Wash, Clark County, Nevada, 2013.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Las Vegas Wash Coordination Committee (LVWCC), a 29-member stakeholder group, is working to stabilize and enhance the Las Vegas Wash (Wash), the channel that drains flows from the Las Vegas Valley to Lake Mead at Las Vegas Bay. The Wash also flows thr...

D. Van Dooremolen

2014-01-01

457

Anaerobic treatment of sludge: focusing on reduction of LAS concentration in sludge  

Microsoft Academic Search

Anaerobic degradation of linear alkylbenzene sulfonates (LAS) was tested in continuous stirred tank reactors (CSTR). LAS12 was used as a model compound and was spiked on sewage sludge. The experiments clearly showed that transformation of LAS12 occurred under anaerobic conditions. The degree of transformation varied between 14% and 25%. HPLC analysis showed that disappearance of LAS12 was followed by the

F. Haggensen; A. S. Mogensen; I. Angelidaki; B. K. Ahring

2002-01-01

458

VARIABLES SIGNIFICATIVAS EN LAS RELACIONES VIOLENTAS EN PAREJAS JÓVENES: UNA REVISIÓN  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumen La violencia en las parejas jóvenes es un precursor de la violencia en las pare- jas adultas. En las parejas jóvenes la violencia suele ser psicológica, plantearse de forma sutil y ser menos grave que en las parejas en la vida adulta. Por lo que se refiere a los agresores, la violencia es más frecuente cuando hay ciertas variables

Itxaso González-Ortega; Enrique Echeburúa; Paz de Corral

2008-01-01

459

Hacia una mejor educación rural: impacto de un programa de intervención a las escuelas en Colombia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Utilizando información censal de las sedes educativas rurales de Colombia el presente trabajo evalúa el impacto que tuvo el Programa de Educación Rural – PER - en las tasas de eficiencia (cobertura, reprobación, aprobación y deserción) y calidad de la educación en las sedes en donde se aplicó. A través de la implementación de modelos educativos flexibles adaptados a las

Catherine Rodríguez; Fabio J. Sánchez T; Armando Armenta

2007-01-01

460

Quercus 201 Noviembre 2002 / 39 agua como las copas de los  

E-print Network

S Quercus 201 Noviembre 2002 / 39 agua como las copas de los bosques tropicales, caso de algunos géneros de driópi- dos. Otras han ocupado las aguas freáticas o intersticia- les y muestran todas las mediterránea, y otros ambientes, como las aguas continentales, también pueden ser extraordinariamente ricos (1

Murcia, Universidad de

461

Nuclear electric power sources  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Measurements on radioactive commercial p-n junction silicon cells show that these units are capable of delivering several hundred microwatts per curie of Am-241 alpha source, indicating their usefulness in such electronic devices as hearing aids, heart pacemakers, electronic watches, delay timers and nuclear dosimeter chargers. It is concluded that the Am-241 sources are superior to the beta sources used previously, because of higher alpha specific ionization and simultaneous production of low energy photons which are easily converted into photoelectrons for additional power.

Singh, J. J.

1978-01-01

462

Laser induced nuclear reactions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Dramatic improvements in laser technology since 1984 have revolutionised high power laser technology. Application of chirped-pulse amplification techniques has resulted in laser intensities in excess of 1019W/cm2. In the mid to late eighties, C. K. Rhodes and K. Boyer discussed the possibility of shining laser light of this intensity onto solid surfaces and to cause nuclear transitions. In particular, irradiation of a uranium target could induce electro- and photofission in the focal region of the laser. In this paper it is shown that ?Ci of 62Cu can be generated via the (?,n) reaction by a laser with an intensity of about 1019Wcm-2.

Ledingham, Ken; McCanny, Tom; Graham, Paul; Fang, Xiao; Singhal, Ravi; Magill, Joe; Creswell, Alan; Sanderson, David; Allott, Ric; Neely, David; Norreys, Peter; Santala, Marko; Zepf, Matthew; Watts, Ian; Clark, Eugene; Krushelnick, Karl; Tatarakis, Michael; Dangor, Bucker; Machecek, Antonin; Wark, Justin

1998-12-01

463

Nuclear medicine annual  

SciTech Connect

This book features a state-of-the-art report on single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) in abdominal imaging, which highlights the emergency of /sup 99m/Tc-red cell imaging as the procedure of choice for diagnosing heptatic hemangioma. In addition, the use of captropril scinitigraphy in the study of suspected renovascular hypertension is reviewed. Articles survey research on radiolabeled monoclonal antibodies and assess the clinical experience with bone scanning for osseous metastases from breast carcinoma. An article on the role of nuclear medicine in the management of osteoporosis examines the problems that must be overcome before the bone mineral analysis with dual photon absorptiometry gains widespread clinical acceptance.

Freeman, L.M.

1988-01-01

464

Nuclear fuel assembly  

SciTech Connect

A fuel assembly for a nuclear reactor including a plurality of fuel rods held in spaced, parallel position between upper and lower tie plates and retained in lateral position by intermediate spacers and having a water tube in lieu of a fuel element in one or more of the rod positions, the water tubes having an outside diameter greater than that of the fuel rods and the spacer springs in the spacer cells of the water tubes being modified to accommodate the larger diameter of the water tubes.

Fanning, A.W.; Hazel, V.E.; Jameson, W.G.

1982-02-09

465

Nuclear Energy: Radiation Exposure  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson provides an overview of the sources and potential effects of radiation exposure. Topics include the history of the United States' domestic nuclear power program, the concept of ionizing radiation, and how radiation dosage is measured. There is also discussion of what constitutes a lethal dose of radiation and potential sources of exposure. The lesson includes an activity in which students measure their individual yearly exposures to radiation by making an inventory of lifestyle factors that affect their potential dosage and using an online calculator to sum up the contributions from the various sources.

Pratte, John

466

NUCLEAR DATA REVIEW  

SciTech Connect

Non-neutron nuclear data are periodically reviewed and evaluated. The recommended values are published in the Table of the Isotopes of the Chemical Rubber Company's Handbook of Chemistry and Physics. A 2004 review has begun to re-examine some data of interest to the International Union of Geological Sciences (IUGS) sub-commission on Geochronology dealing with radioactive decay constants and isotopic abundance ratios. Among the decay constants that are being evaluated are those of the following nuclides: {sup 40}K, {sup 87}Rb, {sup 138}La, {sup 147}Sm, {sup 176}Lu, {sup 174}Hf, {sup 187}Re, {sup 190}Pt, {sup 232}Th, {sup 235}U, {sup 238}U.

HOLDEN,N.E.

2004-12-01

467

Low Energy Nuclear Reactions?  

E-print Network

After an introduction to the controversial problem of Low Energy Nuclear Reactions (LENR) catalyzed by neutrons on metallic hydride surfaces we present the results of an experiment, made in collaboration with ENEA Labs in Frascati, to search neutrons from plasma discharges in electrolytic cells. The negative outcome of our experiment goes in the direction of ruling out those theoretical models expecting LENR to occur in condensed matter systems under specific conditions. Our criticism on the theoretical foundations of such models will also be presented.

CERN. Geneva; Faccini, R.

2014-01-01

468

Nuclear Astrophysics at DANCE  

SciTech Connect

One of the most interesting nuclear physics challenges is obtaining a detailed understanding of the nucleosynthesis processes of the elements. Knowledge about the stellar sites, and how they are governed by stellar evolution and cosmology are crucial in understanding the overall picture. Information on reaction rates for neutron- and charged-particle-induced reactions have a direct impact on existing stellar models. Except for the stable isotopes, very few neutron-induced reactions in the energy range of interest have been measured to date. DANCE measurements on stable and unstable isotopes will provide many of the missing key reactions that are needed to understand the nucleosynthesis of the heavy elements.

Reifarth, R.; Bredeweg, T.A.; Esch, E.-I.; Haight, R.C.; Kronenberg, A.; O'Donnell, J.M.; Rundberg, R.S.; Schwantes, J.M.; Ullmann, J.L.; Vieira, D.J.; Wouters, J.M. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico, 87545 (United States); Alpizar-Vicente, A.; Hatarik, R.; Greife, U. [Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado, 80401 (United States)

2005-05-24

469

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Gyroscope  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The navigation grade micro Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Gyroscope (micro-NMRG) being developed by the Northrop Grumman Corporation is currently in phase 4 of the DARPA Navigation Grade Integrated Micro Gyro (NGIMG) program. The micro-NMRG technology is pushing the boundaries of size, weight, power, and performance allowing new small platform applications of navigation grade Inertial Navigation System (INS) technology. Information on the historical development of the technology, basics of operation, task performance goals, application opportunities, and a phase 2 sample of earth rate measurement data will be presented.

Larsen, Michael

2011-06-01

470

Financing the Nuclear Renaissance  

E-print Network

factors contributed the turning away from nuclear energy following the optimism, even hubris, of the 1960s and 1970s. Key factors included: • The accidents at Three Mile Island, Pennsylvania in 1979 and Chernobyl, Ukraine in 1986. • The growth... are not granted. It is the period from five to ten years that is most daunting to the project developers as it at that this stage that the greatest costs are incurred (in construction). It is in this phase that engineering risks, political risks and project...

Nuttall, William J; Taylor, S

471

Nuclear fuel cycle costs  

SciTech Connect

The costs for the back-end of the nuclear fuel cycle, which were developed as part of the Nonproliferation Alternative Systems Assessment Program (NASAP), are presented. Total fuel cycle costs are given for the pressurized water reactor once-through and fuel recycle systems, and for the liquid-metal fast breeder reactor system. These calculations show that fuel cycle costs are a small part of the total power costs. For breeder reactors, fuel cycle costs are about half that of the present once-through system. The total power cost of the breeder reactor system is greater than that of light-water reactor at today's prices for uranium and enrichment.

Burch, W.D.; Haire, M.J.; Rainey, R.H.

1982-02-01

472

Peaceful utilization of nuclear explosions  

SciTech Connect

Today the utilization of nuclear energy is mostly only related with the generation of electricity. There are, however, a number of further possibilities of application, beginning with the generation and application of radioactive isotopes, via nuclear reactors as marine and rocket propulsions, up to the utilization of nuclear explosions. The peaceful utilization of nuclear explosions was the subject of the American project 'Plough-Share' which had been started more than 20 years ago but definitely given up in 1977 by the Carter-government which is hostile to nuclear energy. Thus a programme was stopped which had opened up large fields of a virgin territory to science and technology. Dr. Gary Higgins of the Californian Lawrence Livermore Lab., a pioneer in that field, describes the history and successes of a most promising project of the 'Treasury Nuclear Energy'.

Higgins, G.

1982-08-01

473

Nuclear Reactions from Lattice QCD  

E-print Network

One of the overarching goals of nuclear physics is to rigorously compute properties of hadronic systems directly from the fundamental theory of strong interactions, Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD). In particular, the hope is to perform reliable calculations of nuclear reactions which will impact our understanding of environments that occur during big bang nucleosynthesis, the evolution of stars and supernovae, and within nuclear reactors and high energy/density facilities. Such calculations, being truly ab initio, would include all two-nucleon and three- nucleon (and higher) interactions in a consistent manner. Currently, lattice QCD provides the only reliable option for performing calculations of some of the low- energy hadronic observables. With the aim of bridging the gap between lattice QCD and nuclear many-body physics, the Institute for Nuclear Theory held a workshop on Nuclear Reactions from Lattice QCD on March 2013. In this review article, we report on the topics discussed in this workshop and the path ...

Briceño, Raúl A; Luu, Thomas C

2014-01-01

474

The Nuclear Science References Database  

E-print Network

The Nuclear Science References (NSR) database together with its associated Web interface, is the world's only comprehensive source of easily accessible low- and intermediate-energy nuclear physics bibliographic information for more than 210,000 articles since the beginning of nuclear science. The weekly-updated NSR database provides essential support for nuclear data evaluation, compilation and research activities. The principles of the database and Web application development and maintenance are described. Examples of nuclear structure, reaction and decay applications are specifically included. The complete NSR database is freely available at the websites of the National Nuclear Data Center http://www.nndc.bnl.gov/nsr and the International Atomic Energy Agency http://www-nds.iaea.org/nsr.

Pritychenko, B; Singh, B; Totans, J

2013-01-01

475

Surface instabilities and nuclear multifragmentation  

SciTech Connect

Central heavy-ion collisions, as described by a Boltzman-Nordheim-Vlasov calculation, form nuclear disks that break up into several fragments due to surface instabilities of the Rayleigh-Taylor kind. We demonstrate that a sheet of liquid, nuclear or otherwise, stable in the limit of infinitely sharp surfaces, becomes unstable due to surface-surface interactions. The onset of this instability is determined analytically. The relevance of these instabilities to nuclear multifragmentation is discussed.

Moretto, L.G.; Tso, K.; Colonna, N.; Wozniak, G.J.

1992-03-01

476

To discuss illicit nuclear trafficking  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Illicit nuclear trafficking panel was conducted at the 4th Annual INMM workshop on Reducing the Risk from Radioactive and Nuclear Materials on February 2-3, 2010 in Washington DC. While the workshop occurred prior to the Nuclear Security Summit, April 12-13 2010 in Washington DC, some of the summit issues were raised during the workshop. The Communique of the Washington

Galya I Balatsky; William R Severe; Richard K Wallace

2010-01-01

477

Solid-State Nuclear Power  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A strategy for "Solid-State" Nuclear Power is proposed to guide development of technologies and systems into the second 50 years of nuclear spaceflight. The strategy emphasizes a simple and highly integrated system architecture with few moving parts or fluid loops; the leverage of modern advances in materials, manufacturing, semiconductors, microelectromechanical and nanotechnology devices; and the targeted advancement of high temperature nuclear fuels, materials and static power conversion to enable high performance from simple system topologies.

George, Jeffrey A.

2012-01-01

478

Nonproliferation and alternative nuclear technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The International Nuclear Fuel Cycle Evaluations (I.N.F.C.E.) has undertaken a study of changes that could be made in the nuclear fuel cycle to conserve uranium and minimize proliferation risks. Alternative nuclear technologies will be evaluated in terms of their technical and economic feasibility, resource utilization, and their closeness to commercialization. Light water reactors (LWR's) could be redesigned to improve fuel

Hafemeister

1979-01-01

479

Sustainable futures using nuclear energy  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present the role of nuclear energy in a sustainable future. This addresses the social, economic and environmental concerns of us all. Nuclear energy today avoids the emission of nearly two billion tonnes of greenhouse gases (GHGs) each year, thanks to over 400 reactors operating worldwide.Nevertheless, there is no real recognition of real incentives for large-scale non-emitters like nuclear energy

Romney B. Duffey

2005-01-01

480

Nuclear energy: a sensible alternative  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book presents in-depth articles on the main issues affecting the use and usefulness of nuclear energy for peaceful domestic purposes. Topics considered include energy futures (a world study), energy demand-energy supplies, an energy-deficient society, energy shortages, the economics of light water reactors (LWRs), fast breeder reactor economics, international cooperation in the nuclear field, nuclear recycling (costs, savings, safeguards), alternative

K. O. Ott; B. I. Spinrad

1985-01-01

481

Nuclear Structure at the Limits  

SciTech Connect

One of the frontiers of today?s nuclear science is the ?journey to the limits? of atomic charge and nuclear mass, of neutron-to-proton ratio, and of angular momentum. The tour to the limits is not only a quest for new, exciting phenomena, but the new data are expected, as well, to bring qualitatively new information about the fundamental properties of the nucleonic many-body system, the nature of the nuclear interaction, and nucleonic correlations at various energy-distance scales. In this series of lectures, current developments in nuclear structure at the limits are discussed from a theoretical perspective, mainly concentrating on medium-mass and heavy nuclei.

Nazarewicz, W.

1998-01-12

482

Nuclear Propulsion Project Workshop summary  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA-Lewis has undertaken the planning and coordination of a joint NASA/DOE/DOD Nuclear Propulsion Project which will investigate both nuclear electric and nuclear thermal concepts. The three-agency team has been tasked with the development of an Interagency Agreement and Memorandum of Understanding, as well as the drafting of a statement as to astronaut crew guidelines and values, the assessment of human-rating requirements, the development of an interagency safety and environmental assessment plan, and the development of test facility requirements. Attention is to be given to the role of SP-100 for nuclear-electric propulsion applications.

Miller, Thomas J.; Clark, John S.; Barnett, John W.

1991-01-01

483

Environmental Hazards of Nuclear Wastes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Present methods for storage of radioactive wastes produced at nuclear power facilities are described. Problems arising from present waste management are discussed and potential solutions explored. (JP)

Micklin, Philip P.

1974-01-01

484

Nuclear weapon system risk assessment  

SciTech Connect

Probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) is a process for evaluating hazardous operations by considering what can go wrong, the likelihood of these undesired events, and the resultant consequences. Techniques used in PRA originated in the 1960s. Although there were early exploratory applications to nuclear weapons and other technologies, the first major application of these techniques was in the Reactor Safety Study, WASH-1400, {sup 1} in which the risks of nuclear power accidents were thoroughly investigated for the first time. Recently, these techniques have begun to be adapted to nuclear weapon system applications. This report discusses this application to nuclear weapon systems.

Carlson, D.D.

1993-11-01

485

Nuclear Physics of Neutron Stars  

E-print Network

Understanding the equation of state (EOS) of cold nuclear matter, namely, the relation between the pressure and energy density, is a central goal of nuclear physics that cuts across a variety of disciplines. Indeed, the limits of nuclear existence, the collision of heavy ions, the structure of neutron stars, and the dynamics of core-collapse supernova, all depend critically on the equation of state of hadronic matter. In this contribution I will concentrate on the special role that nuclear physics plays in constraining the EOS of cold baryonic matter and its impact on the properties of neutron stars.

J. Piekarewicz

2009-01-28

486

The Nuclear Astrophysics Explorer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Nuclear Astrophysics Explorer was proposed in 1986 for NASA's Explorer Concept Study Program by an international collaboration of 25 scientists from nine institutions. The one-year feasibility study began in June 1988. The Nuclear Astrophysics Explorer would obtain high resolution observations of gamma-ray lines, E/Delta E about 1000, at a sensitivity of about 0.000003 ph/sq cm s, in order to study fundamental problems in astrophysics such as nucleosynthesis, supernovae, neutron star and black-hole physics, and particle acceleration and interactions. The instrument would operate from 15 keV to 10 Mev and use a heavily shielded array of nine cooled Ge spectrometers in a very low background configuration. Its 10 deg FWHM field of view would contain a versatile coded mask system which would provide two-dimensional imaging with 4 deg resolution, one-dimensional imaging with 2 deg resolution, and efficiendt measurements of diffuse emission. An unshielded Ge spectrometer would obtain wide-field measurements of transient gamma-ray sources. The earliest possible mission would begin in 1995.

Matteson, J. L.; Teegarden, B. J.; Gehrels, N.; Mahoney, W. A.

1989-01-01

487

Nuclear physics and cosmology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Nuclear physics has provided one of two critical observational tests of all Big Bang cosmology, namely Big Bang Nucleosynthesis. Furthermore, this same nuclear physics input enables a prediction to be made about one of the most fundamental physics questions of all, the number of elementary particle families. The standard Big Bang Nucleosynthesis arguments are reviewed. The primordial He abundance is inferred from He-C and He-N and He-O correlations. The strengthened Li constraint as well as D-2 plus He-3 are used to limit the baryon density. This limit is the key argument behind the need for non-baryonic dark matter. The allowed number of neutrino families, N(nu), is delineated using the new neutron lifetime value of tau(n) = 890 + or - 4s (tau(1/2) = 10.3 min). The formal statistical result is N(nu) = 2.6 + or - 0.3 (1 sigma), providing a reasonable fit (1.3 sigma) to three families but making a fourth light (m(nu) less than or equal to 10 MeV) neutrino family exceedly unlikely (approx. greater than 4.7 sigma). It is also shown that uncertainties induced by postulating a first-order quark-baryon phase transition do not seriously affect the conclusions.

Schramm, David N.

1989-01-01

488

Nuclear fuel pin scanner  

DOEpatents

Systems and methods for inspection of nuclear fuel pins to determine fiss loading and uniformity. The system includes infeed mechanisms which stockpile, identify and install nuclear fuel pins into an irradiator. The irradiator provides extended activation times using an approximately cylindrical arrangement of numerous fuel pins. The fuel pins can be arranged in a magazine which is rotated about a longitudinal axis of rotation. A source of activating radiation is positioned equidistant from the fuel pins along the longitudinal axis of rotation. The source of activating radiation is preferably oscillated along the axis to uniformly activate the fuel pins. A detector is provided downstream of the irradiator. The detector uses a plurality of detector elements arranged in an axial array. Each detector element inspects a segment of the fuel pin. The activated fuel pin being inspected in the detector is oscillated repeatedly over a distance equal to the spacing between adjacent detector elements, thereby multiplying the effective time available for detecting radiation emissions from the activated fuel pin.

Bramblett, Richard L. (Friendswood, TX); Preskitt, Charles A. (La Jolla, CA)

1987-03-03

489

Nuclear shape isomers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We calculate potential-energy surfaces as functions of spheroidal (?2), hexadecapole (?4), and axial-asymmetry (?) shape coordinates for 7206 nuclei from A=31 to A=290. We tabulate the deformations and energies of all minima deeper than 0.2 MeV and of the saddles between all pairs of minima. The tabulation is terminated at N=160. Our study is based on the FRLDM macroscopic-microscopic model defined in ATOMIC DATA AND NUCLEAR DATA TABLES [P. Möller, J.R. Nix, W.D. Myers, W.J. Swiatecki, At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 59 (1995) 185]. We also present potential-energy contour plots versus ?2 and ? for 1224 even-even nuclei in the region studied. We can identify nuclei for which a necessary condition for shape isomers occurs, namely multiple minima in the calculated potential-energy surface. We find that the vast majority of nuclear shape isomers occur in the A=80 region, the A=100 region, and in a more extended region centered around 208Pb. A calculated region of shape isomers that has so far not been extensively explored is the region of neutron-deficient actinides "north-east" of 208Pb.

Möller, P.; Sierk, A. J.; Bengtsson, R.; Sagawa, H.; Ichikawa, T.

2012-03-01

490

Nuclear medicine annual 1990  

SciTech Connect

Two of the major areas of cutting-edge nuclear medicine research, single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) functional brain imaging and monoclonal antibody studies receive attention in this volume. Advances in these areas are critical to the continued growth of our specialty. Fortunately, the current outlook in both areas remains quite optimistic. As has been the policy in the first decade of publication, thorough state-of-the-art reviews on existing procedures are interspersed with chapters dealing with research developments. The editor wishes to express a particular note of appreciation to a very supportive British colleague, Dr. Ignac Fogelman, who is becoming a regular contributor. His exhaustive review of the role of nuclear medicine in the evaluation of osteoporotic patients is packed with extremely useful information that will prove to be fruitful to all readers. The author would like to thank the readers and colleagues who have taken the time to offer useful and constructive comments over the past ten years. The author continue to welcome suggestions that will help to further improve this Annual.

Freeman, L.M. (Albert Einstein College of Medicine, NY (US))

1990-01-01

491

nuclear magnetic resonance gyroscope  

SciTech Connect

A nuclear magnetic resonance gyroscope which derives angular rotation thereof from the phases of precessing nuclear moments utilizes a single-resonance cell situated in the center of a uniform DC magnetic field. The field is generated by current flow through a circular array of coils between parallel plates. It also utilizes a pump and read-out beam and associated electronics for signal processing and control. Encapsulated in the cell for sensing rotation are odd isotopes of Mercury Hg/sup 199/ and Hg/sup 201/. Unpolarized intensity modulated light from a pump lamp is directed by lenses to a linear polarizer, quarter wave plate combination producing circularly polarized light. The circularly polarized light is reflected by a mirror to the cell transverse to the field for optical pumping of the isotopes. Unpolarized light from a readout lamp is directed by lenses to another linear polarizer. The linearly polarized light is reflected by another mirror to the cell transverse to the field and orthogonal to the pump lamp light. The linear light after transversing the cell strikes an analyzer where it is converted to an intensity-modulated light. The modulated light is detected by a photodiode processed and utilized as feedback to control the field and pump lamp excitation and readout of angular displacement.

Karwacki, F. A.; Griffin, J.

1985-04-02

492

Condensed Matter Nuclear Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

1. General. A tribute to gene Mallove - the "Genie" reactor / K. Wallace and R. Stringham. An update of LENR for ICCF-11 (short course, 10/31/04) / E. Storms. New physical effects in metal deuterides / P. L. Hagelstein ... [et al.]. Reproducibility, controllability, and optimization of LENR experiments / D. J. Nagel -- 2. Experiments. Electrochemistry. Evidence of electromagnetic radiation from Ni-H systems / S. Focardi ... [et al.]. Superwave reality / I. Dardik. Excess heat in electrolysis experiments at energetics technologies / I. Dardik ... [et al.]. "Excess heat" during electrolysis in platinum/K[symbol]CO[symbol]/nickel light water system / J. Tian ... [et al.]. Innovative procedure for the, in situ, measurement of the resistive thermal coefficient of H(D)/Pd during electrolysis; cross-comparison of new elements detected in the Th-Hg-Pd-D(H) electrolytic cells / F. Celani ... [et al.]. Emergence of a high-temperature superconductivity in hydrogen cycled Pd compounds as an evidence for superstoihiometric H/D sites / A. Lipson ... [et al.]. Plasma electrolysis. Calorimetry of energy-efficient glow discharge - apparatus design and calibration / T. B. Benson and T. O. Passell. Generation of heat and products during plasma electrolysis / T. Mizuno ... [et al.]. Glow discharge. Excess heat production in Pd/D during periodic pulse discharge current in various conditions / A. B. Karabut. Beam experiments. Accelerator experiments and theoretical models for the electron screening effect in metallic environments / A. Huke, K. Czerski, and P. Heide. Evidence for a target-material dependence of the neutron-proton branching ratio in d+d reactions for deuteron energies below 20keV / A. Huke ... [et al.]. Experiments on condensed matter nuclear events in Kobe University / T. Minari ... [et al.]. Electron screening constraints for the cold fusion / K. Czerski, P. Heide, and A. Huke. Cavitation. Low mass 1.6 MHz sonofusion reactor / R. Stringham. Particle detection. Research into characteristics of X-ray emission laser beams from solidstate cathode medium of high-current glow discharge / A. B. Karabut. Charged particles from Ti and Pd foils / L. Kowalski ... [et al.]. Cr-39 track detectors in cold fusion experiments: review and perspectives / A. S. Roussetski. Energetic particle shower in the vapor from electrolysis / R. A. Oriani and J. C. Fisher. Nuclear reactions produced in an operating electrolysis cell / R. A. Oriani and J. C. Fisher. Evidence of microscopic ball lightning in cold fusion experiments / E. H. Lewis. Neutron emission from D[symbol] gas in magnetic fields under low temperature / T. Mizuno ... [et al.]. Energetic charged particle emission from hydrogen-loaded Pd and Ti cathodes and its enhancement by He-4 implantation / A. G. Lipson ... [et al.]. H-D permeation. Observation of nuclear transmutation reactions induced by D[symbol] gas permeation through Pd complexes / Y. Iwamura ... [et al.]. Deuterium (hydrogen) flux permeating through palladium and condensed matter nuclear science / Q. M. Wei ... [et al.]. Triggering. Precursors and the fusion reactions in polarized Pd/D-D[symbol]O system: effect of an external electric field / S. Szpak, P. A. Mosier-Boss, and F. E. Gordon. Calorimetric and neutron diagnostics of liquids during laser irradiation / Yu. N. Bazhutov ... [et al.]. Anomalous neutron capture and plastic deformation of Cu and Pd cathodes during electrolysis in a weak thermalized neutron field: evidence of nuclei-lattice exchange / A. G. Lipson and G. H. Miley. H-D loading. An overview of experimental studies on H/Pd over-loading with thin Pd wires and different electrolytic solutions / A. Spallone ... [et al.] -- 3. Transmutations. Photon and particle emission, heat production, and surface transformation in Ni-H system / E. Campari ... [et al.]. Surface analysis of hydrogen-loaded nickel alloys / E. Campari ... [et al.]. Low-energy nuclear reactions and the leptonic monopole / G. Lochak and L. Urutskoev. Results of analysis of Ti foil after glow discharge with deuterium / I. B. Savvat

Biberian, Jean-Paul

2006-02-01

493

The nuclear pore complex: bridging nuclear transport and gene regulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the nuclear pore complex (NPC) is best known for its primary function as the key regulator of molecular traffic between the cytoplasm and the nucleus, a growing body of experimental evidence suggests that this structure participates in a considerably broader range of cellular activities on both sides of the nuclear envelope. Indeed, the NPC is emerging as an important

Mario Niepel; Caterina Strambio-De-Castillia; Michael P. Rout

2010-01-01

494

Nuclear proliferation today: The spread of nuclear weapons  

SciTech Connect

Announced as the first of a series of annual reports on the spread of nuclear weapons, this endeavor of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace may stimulate increased public awareness of this critical topic. A good part of the book contains the historical setting of the nuclear issue in the eight most likely proliferators.

Spector, L.S.

1984-01-01

495

The Nuclear War Age Barrier within the Nuclear Family.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document notes that the literature addressing children's nuclear fears suggests that children are introduced to the nuclear threat by ways that do not provide dialogue and without regard to the age appropriate needs of the child, and that parents seem to be protecting their children from the horror of a holocaust by not talking about the…

McConnell, Stephen C.; And Others

496

Nuclear phenomena in low-energy nuclear reaction research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This is a comment on Storms (Naturwissenschaften 97:861-881, 2010) Status of Cold Fusion, Naturwissenschaften, 97:861-881. This comment provides the following corrections: other nuclear phenomena observed in low-energy nuclear reactions aside from helium-4 make significant contributions to the overall energy balance; and normal hydrogen, not just heavy hydrogen, produces excess heat.

Krivit, Steven B.

2013-09-01

497

Nuclear phenomena in low-energy nuclear reaction research.  

PubMed

This is a comment on Storms E (2010) Status of Cold Fusion, Naturwissenschaften 97:861-881. This comment provides the following remarks to other nuclear phenomena observed in low-energy nuclear reactions aside from helium-4 make significant contributions to the overall energy balance; and normal hydrogen, not just heavy hydrogen, produces excess heat. PMID:23949247

Krivit, Steven B

2013-09-01

498

Nuclear power, nuclear weapons, and international stability. [U. S. foregoing nuclear power expansion possibly more destabilizing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Energy Plan included as one of its key components a revision of this country's long-standing policy on the development of civilian nuclear power. The proposed change, which would have the effect of curtailing certain aspects of the U.S. nuclear-power program and of placing new restrictions on the export of nuclear materials, equipment, and services, was based explicitly on

D. J. Rose; R. K. Lester

1978-01-01

499

Nuclear nonproliferation strategies for South Asia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Continued expansion of the nuclear weapons capabilities of India and Pakistan, coupled with ongoing conflict between them, raises the probability of nuclear war in South Asia. A nuclear arms race between India and Pakistan could also harm efforts to discourage other nations from acquiring nuclear weapons. United States policy opposes the spread of nuclear weapons because proliferation increases threats to

1994-01-01

500

The nuclear envelopathies and human diseases  

Microsoft Academic Search

The nuclear envelope (NE) consists of two membrane layers that segregate the nuclear from the cytoplasmic contents. Recent progress in our understanding of nuclear-lamina associated diseases has revealed intriguing connections between the envelope components and nuclear processes. Here, we review the functions of the nuclear envelope in chromosome organization, gene expression, DNA repair and cell cycle progression, and correlate deficiencies

Ya-Hui Chi; Zi-Jie Chen; Kuan-Teh Jeang

2009-01-01